Page 1






'CHUCK and BONNIE" Columbia University Li

Vol. 57, No. 4

ALPHA PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY, INC. National Headquarters / 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Drive / Chicago, Illinois



A. Callis


E Street,




1821 Orleans Avenue, New Orleans, La. 4676 West Outer Drive, Detroit, Michigan 1407 University Avenue, Marshall, Texas 2800 Guardian Bldg.. 500 Griswold, Detroit. Mich. 4728 Drexel Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois .4432 Martin Luther King. Jr. Drive, Chicago, Illinois

70116 48235 /56iO 48226 60615 60653

Officers General President — Ernest N. Morial General Treasurer — Leven C. Weiss Comptroller — Isidor J . LaMothe, Jr General Counsel Barton W. Morris Editor, "The Sphinx" — J . Herbert K i n g . . Executive Secretary — Laurence T. Young.

Vice Presidents Eastern — W. Decker Clarke Midwestern — James R. Williams Southern — Bennie J . Harris Southwestern — Ozell Sutton Western — Thadeaus H. Hobbs

66 Dry Hill Road Norwalk, Connecticut g78 Dover Avenue, Akron, Ohio 602 Mooremont Terrace. Chattanooga, Tennessee 6513 Shirley Drive, Little Rock, Arkansas 3909 South Norton Avenue, Los Angeles, California

06851 44320 37411 72203 90008

Assistant Vice Presidents Eastern — LeRue D. Myers Midwestern — Eugene Shelton, Southern — Howard Glenn Southwestern — Delbert O. DeWitty Western — Fritzic Allen

Contributing Editors Malvin R. Goode, Martin L. Harvey, Eddie L. Madison, Frank L. Stanley, Sr., L. H. Stanton, Charles Wesley, Randolph White. O. Wilson Winters, Laurence T. Young. Editorial Advisory Committee Malvin R. Goode, Marshall Harris, John H. Johnson, Moss H. Kendrix, Belford V. Lawson, Samuel A. Madden, J. E. Martin, Lionel H. Newsom, Gus T. Ridgel.

6674 Lincoln Dr., Philadelphia, Pa. 19119 214 Wright Hall, Kent Siate University. Kent, Ohio 44240 Tougaloo College, Tougaloo, Mississippi 640 Elm Street, University of Okiahcma. Norman. Okla. 73069 613 Johnson Dr., Richmond, California 94806

Committee Chairmen Committee on Standards & Extension — Leonard R. Ballou

Box 19, State U.. Elizabeth City. N. C. 27909 William M. Alexandei, 4^.L W&aftmgtoii Blvd., St. Louis, Missouri 63108 Historical Commission — Charles H. Wesley 1824 Taylor Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20018 Committee on Publications — Moses General Miles Florida A & M University, Tallahassee, Florida 3230? Committee on Awards & Achievement — Arnold W. Wright, Sr 311 Cold Harbor Drive, Frankfort, Kentucky 30601 Committee on Rules and Credentials — Andrew J . Lewis, II 2861 Engle Road. N.W., Atlanta, Georgia 30318 Director-Education Foundation — Thomas D. Pawley, III 1014 Lafayette Street, Jefferson City, Missouri 65101 Committee on Housing & Building Foundation



The Sphinx is the official magazine of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Dr., Chicago, III., with editorial offices at 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, III. 60615. Published four times a year: February, May, October and December. Address all editorial mail to 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, III. 60615. Change of Address: Send both addresses to Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Drive, Chicago, III. Manuscripts or art submitted to The Sphinx should be accompanied by addressed envelopes and return postage. Editor assumes no responsibility for return of unsolicited manuscripts or art. Opinions expressed in columns and articles do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., and use of any person's name in fiction, semi-fiction articles or humorous features is to be regarded as a coincidence and not as the responsibility of The Sphinx. It is never done knowingly. Copyright 1970 by The Sphinx, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Reproduction or use, without written permission, of the editorial or pictorial content in any manner is prohibited.

New Jersey — Bro. Leon Sweeny Maryland — Bro. Charles P. Howard, Jr Connecticut — Bro. Otha N. Brown, Jr New York — Bro. Clarence Jacobs Pennsylvania — Bro. Frank E. Devine Virginia — Bro. Talmage Tabb Massachusetts — Bro. James Howard Rhode Island — Bro. Ralph Allen

6 Norman Drive, Neptune, New Jersey 3206 North Hilton Street, Baltimore, Md. 208 Flax Hill Road, Norwalk, Conn. 111-63 178th Place, St. Albans, N Y : 6202 Washington, Philadelphia, Pa. 324 Greenbriar Ave., Hampton, Va. 105 Greenwood St. Boston, Mass. 179 Doyle Ave., Providence, R.I.

M i d w e s t e r n Region Northern Indiana — Bro. William J. Bolden 3157 West 19th Avenue, Gary, Indiana Northwest Ohio — Bro. Robert Stubbleford 1340 West Woodruff, Toledo, Ohio Northeastern Ohio — Bro. Curtis Washington . 889 Hartford, Akron, Ohio Central Ohio — Bro. Oliver Sumlin 2427 Hoover Avenue, Dayton, Ohio West Missouri-Kansas — Bro. Jimmie L. Buford 2645 Lorkridge Avenue, Kansas Ciity, Mo. Eastern Missouri — Bro. Clifton Bailey 3338A Aubert Avenue. St. Louis 15, Mo. Northern Michigan — Bro. W. Wilberforce Plummer... 654 Wealthy Street, N. E., Grand Rapids, Mich. West Michigan — Bro. William Boards. Jr 680 W. Van Buren Street, Battle Creek, Mich. Southern Michigan — Bro. Robert J . Chillison, II 16155 Normandy, Detroit, Michigan Southwest Ohio — Bro. Holloway Sells 699 N. Crescent Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio Iowa — Bro. Everett A. Mays 701 Hull Avenue, Des Moines, Iowa 50316 Southern Illinois —• Bro. Harold Thomas 1731 Gaty Avenue. East St. Louis, Illinois Kentucky — Bro. Waverly B. Johnson 1306 Cecil Avenue, Louisville, Kentucky Wisconsin — Bro. Hoyt Harper 5344 N. 64th, Milwaukee. Wis Central Missouri — Bro. Nathaniel R. Goldston, III Lincoln University, Jefferson City. Mo. 65101 West Virginia — Bro. J. A. Shelton Post Office Box, 314 Welch, West Va Southern Indiana — Bro. Theodore Randall 3810 Rockwood Avenue, Indianapolis, Indiana Nebraska — Bro. Thomas A. Phillips 3116 North 16th Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68110 Southwestern Region Oklahoma — Bro. Vernon L. Foshee Louisiana — Bro. Chas. H. Finley Arkansas — Bro. T. E. Patterson Texas — Bro. Reby Cary Texas — Bro. V.ctor Smith Arkansas — Bro. M. L. Fridia Arkansas — Bro. George Howard At-Large — Bro. Paul Smith

725 Terrace Blvd., Muskogee, Oklahoma 501 E. Main Street. Lafayette, La. 70501 1624 W. 21st St., Little Rock, Arkansas 1804 Bunche Dr., Ft. Worth, Texas 20C4 N. Adams. Amarillo. Texas 1200 Pulaski, Little Rock, Ark. 60 Watson Blvd., Pine Bluff, Ark. Ark. A and M College. Pine Bluff, Ark. Southern Region

The Sphinx has been published continuously since 1914. Organizing Editor: Bro. Raymond W. Cannon. Organizing General President: Bro. Henry Lake Dickason.

Alabama — Roosevelt Bell Florida — Bro. Robt. K. Wright Georgia — Bro. Dr. Henry M. Collier, Jr Gulf Area — John H. Montgomery Mississippi — John I. Hendricks. Jr North Carolina — Bro. J . E. Burke South Carolina — Bro. W. J . Davis, Jr Tennessee — Zenoch G. Adams

Second class postage paid at Chicago, III. Postmaster: Send form 3579 and all correspondence, 4728 Drexel Blvd.. Chicago, Illinois 60615.

Northwest District Southwest District Central District — Southeast District

152 Fourteenth Crt. West, Birmingham, Ala. 35204 365 Bartley Rd., Daytona Beach, Fla. 1827 Mills B: Lane Ave:, Savannah, Ga: 1103 Daphne Ave., Daphne, Ala. 36527 Box 677, Alcorn College, Lorman, Miss. 39096 920 Hadley Road, Raleigh, N. Carolina 4509 Williamsburg Drive, Columbia, S:C: 1024 Kellow Street, Nashville, Tenn. 37208

Western Region — Bro. Joseph F. St. Amant Qtrs. 8828, Ft. Lewis, Wash. — Bro. Samuel McElroy, Jr 6531 Hopedale Crt., San Diego, Calif. Bro. Clifford W. Basfield 2245 E. 111th St.. Stockton, — Bro. Wm. M. Corbin 2401 W. Cherry Lynn Rd., Phoenix, Ariz.

98433 92120 Calif. 85015




December 1971




There goes a man of high impulse Of princely mien and grace There goes a man of humble faith A credit to his race There goes a man of conscience vast with will to reach his goal There goes a man of lordly rank Of heroes' stock and soul— There goes a man of noble caste Whom hardship cannot break There goes a man in merit clad Whom duty won't forsake There goes a man in cultured verse Who holds a sportsman's creed There goes a man too vigilant To bow to lust or greed There goes a man whose life is spent in service not in scorn There goes a man whose majesty Shines like a May time

There goes a man who is a friend To love and duty truth There goes a man to help uplift The lives of wholesome youth There goes a man with industry and faith a' his command. There goes the best man in and out Tor he is an Alpha

Number 4



CONTENTS The General President Speaks


Early Days of the Founders


Frat Fun With Winters


Additional Housing Projects


Theta Rho Lambda Chapter


Nominee — Brother Walter Washington


Nominee — Brother W. Decker Clarke


Alpha Work-shop


The New Element Hannium


Jewel Henry A. Callis Speaks


Education Foundation News


Lincoln University


Progress and Problems of Blacks


New Orleans Personality


Alphas For Life


Black Family News Supplement


Zeta Eta Chapter


Alpha Mu Chapter


McLaurin Family


Omega Chapter


COVER CHARLIE JOHNSON (242 min.) Senior 21 6-1 190 Indianapolis, Ind. Co-captain is an outstanding defensive back . . . plays safety . . . very fast, savage tackier . . . good reflexes . . . first team all-Ivy last season . . . a pro prospect . . . punt return specialist . . . led frosh team with three interceptions, including 14-yarder for score against Rutgers . . . also plays rugby . . . lettered in football and track at Arsenal Tech . . . football MVP and captain of defense there . . . all-city . . . he and his wife Bonnie (the secretary to the football staff) have been married 2Vi years . . . they have a daughter, Tracy . . . a worked on Wall Street this summer, and wants to be a history major . . corporate lawyer. Career Records Interceptions Punt Returns No. Yds. TD No. Yds. TD Year 2 2 0 Sophomore 1 22 0 3 21 0 Junior 1 0 0



Since the University is in the process of growth and evolution, excellent opportunities for leadership and innovation exist in nearly all areas of curriculum, teaching, research, and administration. While the grouping of the departments is somewhat unusual, a certain sense of common interest has developed which offers promise for new and fresh approaches.


SPEAKS... G e n e r a l P r e s i d e n t E r n e s t N. Morial

Greetings! — General and Regional Officers... Regional Conventions, Alpha Outreach and Education for Citizenship You should begin now to accelerate the promotion of your Regional Convention and State Conferences. Your theme should be developed around the theme of our 1971 Milwaukee Convention. Brother Young will assist you by providing data and other pertinent information on the Chapters in your region. Periodic communication with the chapters is imperative to an effective program and necessary for a successful Regional Confab. The month of April has been designated "Alpha Outreach and Education for Citizenship Month." Please encourage each chapter in your region to begin developing a program that will extend Alpha's involvement into the critical needs of the respective chapter's community. Our 1971-72 Public Policy Statement should be utilized as a source for the development of a project or program throughout the year, but particularly during Alpha Outreach and Education for Citizenship Month. AM public information concerning your Regional Convention and the activities of the Chapters during Alpha Outreach and Education for Citizenship Month should be sent to our National Director of Publicity, Brother Marcus Neustadter, Jr., 2745 Prentiss Avenue, New Orleans, Louisiana. He will prepare the necessary news releases and submit them to the media throughout the nation for publication. The aforementioned should not, however, negate your contributions to our national organ . . . THE SPHINX.

Your Cooperation will be Appreciated. /erru L^kriitmaS

ana ^J4appy



UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN I O W A . . . Position Open Dean of the College of Business and Behavioral Science The College, one of five in a University reorganized only three years ago, includes the departments of Business, Business Education, Economics, Geography, History, Home Economics, Political Science, Psychology, and SociologyAnthropology. According to the charge given by the Iowa General Assembly and the State Board of Regents, the primary responsibility of the University ". . . shall be to prepare teachers and other educational personnel for schools, colleges, and universities and to carry out research and provide consultative and other services for the improvement of education throughout the state." In addition to this, the University is also charged with maintaining a strong undergraduate liberal arts program and an expanding graduate program. 2

Responsibilities: The Faculty Manual states that the Dean: ". . . gives leadership to and administers the instructional program of the College with the consultation and advice of the department heads"; works with the department heads, the Executive Council, and the faculty in matters of budget, curriculum, and staffing; and represents the College in the formation of overall University policy through the Administrative Council. The Dean, therefore, is responsible to both the College faculty and the chief administrative officers of the University: the President and the Provost.

Qualifications: 1) Age: Open, but ages 30-55 preferred. 2) Administrative experience: Very desirable. 3) Educational preparation: The doctorate or its equivalent as well as teaching and research experience at the college or university level. Substantial academic background in one of the disciplines of the College is highly desirable. 4) Personal characteristics: We are searching for an imaginative person: a) who is well informed about recent changes in education and who can help us shape an educational philosophy appropriate to our time; b) who is able to take a leading role in improving the distribution of administrative responsibilities while recognizing the imperative for developing a greater sense of community among faculty, students, and administrators; c) who welcomes change and the challenge it brings; d) and who is sensitive to the uniqueness of each of the departments of the College and cognizant of their diverse problems and responsibilities. Term of Appointment: The Deanship is a twelve-month position including one month of vacation. The appointment as Dean is for an indefinite period; formal review of the Dean's work is to be carried out at fiveyear intervals, with solicitation of opinions from the College faculty. Subject to normal faculty procedures and action, appointment customarily includes academic rank, with tenure at the level of associate professor or professor. (Continued on page 21)

Reminiscience of the Early Days of the Founders by Brother Roscoe C Giles

Brother Roscoe C. Giles

Having matriculated at Cornell University in September 1907, I was fortunate in having intimate contact with the "Jewels." I was chairman of the first Ritual and Constitution committee giving me the opportunity of being familiar with the motives that stimulated the Founders to embark on the uncharted sea of their now historic endeavor. Our Founders were frontiersmen, self made men denied the opportunity for advancement in their local communities. Frequently they travelled miles in Jim Crow cars to come to Ithaca, thus leaving warm climates to live in a city where the temperatures hovered around 25 degrees below zero in midwinter. In many instances their clothing was inadequate protection against the inclemencies of the weather, but they came heartened by an impelling ambition and by the welcome sign over the Great White Gateway to the entrance of the campus. The motto of Ezra Cornell the founder was there written, "I would found an Institution where any person can get information in any subject." Under this motto thousands have come through the years from the four continents and the Seven Seas. To our Founders, the motto of the Fraternity, "First of all, servant of all, we shall transcend all," was not mere jargon. The "Jewels" were men of diversified interests united in the ideas of making headway in the world and helping others



up the ladder as they climbed. They maintained themselves by waiting table, shoveling, snow, pressing clothes during school years and in summer by red capping, dining car waiters, and serving Steamship Lines. Even in the early days they transcended. Brother Jewel Arthur Callis was forced to drop out of school for a year because of financial difficulties, but by his indefatigable determination returned to secure his degree, setting an example for the faint hearted who gave up the fight without a struggle. Bro. Callis and others "Transcended" by taking off their waiter's jackets where they were employed at various fraternity houses and tutored white students for $5.00 a lesson. Bro. Jewel George B. Kelley stood out in base relief. Most of you remember him for he never missed a convention. He was scholarly, deeply religious and a bachelor for most of his life. Those privileged to know him profited by his examplary conduct and wholesome advice. He graduated as a Civil Engineer, but was never able to obtain a job in any corporation and had to be content to work for the State of New York in the Barge Canal District. He never became bitter, but was the primary force in the establishment of our beloved organization. Bro. Kelley was a leader in the civic and social life of his home town, Troy, N. Y. Bro. Jewel Robert Ogle was an outstanding member of the Fraternity. He was devoted to his mother and did not leave Ithaca until her demise, at which time he became secretary to the Appropriation Committee of the House of Representatives. His Spencerian handwriting is now preserved in the archives of the Fraternity. Bro. Jewel Vertner W. Tandy was from Kentucky. He was an excellent student and a very promising architect. St. Phillips Protestant Episcopal Church of New York stands as a monument to his architectual genius. Later he became a vestryman of St. Phillips under the late Bro. Father Shelton Hale Bishop. Brother Tandy was a fighter for the

principles he believed in. The Dean of the College of Architecture at Cornell married the Dean of Women of Sage College. She was from Virginia and adamant in refusing to accept Negro women in Sage College. Bro. Tandy led the fight against this pernicious practice which finally culminated in their admission. Bro. Jewel Tandy was not, however, a paragon of virtue. I suppose his genius gave him license. He would at times be an ardent devotee at the Shrine of Becchus and Aphrodite. During one of his excursions he disappeared from the house for a week. Fearing something serious had happened to him, we held a council of strategy deciding if Tandy did not show up by noon Saturday, it would be necessary to report his absence to the provost. When we came home Saturday we went to Tandy's room where we found him in a deep sleep. Attempts to interrogate him were futile. We were never able to get a word of explanation about his absence. Two weeks later a man in clerical garb came to the home inquiring for the Reverend Vertnor W. Tandy. We told him there was no minister living at our house. The gentleman was insistent that Reverend Tandy did live at 214 Hozen St. Reverend Tandy, he said, weighed about 230 pounds, clean shaven, light brownskinned and wore nose glasses. The F.B.I, could not have given a better description of our distinguished Jewel. Finally the minister let us in on a secret, although he did not know all the facts. Bro. Tandy, it developed, had gone to the minister's town, ended up in riotuos living and had gotten broke. Not having found funds to return to Ithaca, he had gone to the pastor and preached a sermon for him. The minister had lifted a collection for the benefit of his itinerant assistant which enabled Tandy to accomplish his objective. Tandy, out of gratitude, told the minister if he ever came to Ithaca to look him up. (Continued on page 5)


FratFun.. witli winters DR. O. WILSON WINTERS, Editor


(with applogies to Rudyard Kipling) A fool there was and he said a prayer Even as you and I To a rag, a bone and a hank of hair We call her the woman who didn't care But the fool — he called her his lady fair Even as you and I * * * A fool there was and he gave a gift Even as you and I To a girl his friends though rather swift He bought it with taste and care and thrift But when she saw it, the lady sniffed Even as you and I * * * A fool there was and he bought a book Even as you and I He was looking ahead for a long time look The public had made it a book stand thrill For the name of the book was Fanny Hill. Even as you and I * * * A fool there was and he thought a thought Even as you and 1 That black was beautiful, in fact His every room he daubed jet black No more could he see his wife, kids or cat Even as you and I * * * A fool there was and she bought some pills Even as you and I She used them with rhythm and clinical skill She is not convinced of their value yet For she just bought a cute little bassinet Even as you and I * * * A fool there was and he sought a name Even as you and I He found out not all of us think the same Some "Negro," some "colored" "Afro American" black But he preferred to be just called "black" Even as you and I By Dr. O. Wilson Winters, Fun Editor Emeritus


STEEL b y W i l l i a m L . Gray There is something in prison that's not meant for Christmas. Steel and concrete exclude Santa Claus.



A convict survives on happy memories. Past dreams and unfinished desires flood his mind like lost friends from another country, another century. On the happiest day of the year memories from other Christmases band together to make convicts, sad, regretful, wistful, and meditative. The forsaken child, dishonored wife and humiliated parents pervade prison during unguarded moments. Justice weighs heavily upon indebted men when holidays become intense with sounds of Christmas. And no idle rationalization can justify the broken feeling that creeps behind prison walls to crest the season of joy. A merry Christmas in prison becomes an antithesis that's about as available as a slice of heaven in hell. Yet, something glimmers eternally for men who have forfeited their right to unshackled existence. Hope shines. Hope remains in the heart of the hand that pulled the trigger, stole the pelf, violated the body or reputation or personal worth. Hope haunts men who live out the prolonged moments in futile struggle to reverse, recall, or change desperate pasts which bred deaden presents. We pass and say the magic words. Merry Christmas, to each other as though the word would provoke the magic feeling, as though it would invigorate the soul, as though it would instill its essence where the scound falls. But our souls are not in the spoken words because something in prison is not meant for Christmas. It might be the prison's atmosphere. It might be the total helplessness which prison blankets over numbered men or the after-taste that comes from an ancient wrong committed or the tacit agreement that society's debt should be paid in solemnity. (Continued on page 20)

FOUNDERS (Continued from page 3) Bro. Jewel Kinckle Jones was Brother Tandy's roommate. His father and mother were professors at Virginia Union University at Richmond, Va. Jones was a graduate student in Sociology. Later he became the executive secretary of the National Urban League before Bro. Lester Granger. Bro. Jones was an astute scholar and leader. In his college days he was mischievous and full of tricks and fun. Our landlady, Mrs. Clara Nelson, sang in the local church choir of which her plethoric and rotund, elderly husband was the minister on Sundays and a chef during the week at one of the fraternity houses. Mrs. Nelson had the habit of singing every night when we were intent on studying. As a compensatory diversion, Jones would start a game of whist and we would play until the distracting noise cleared. No money or chips were used, but invariably Mrs. Nelson would run upstairs, throw open our door without knocking, and with arms akimbo announce she did not allow card playing in her house. No amount of protestation would serve to break this procedure much to Jones' disgust. One day Jones called all the freshmen to his room. When we got inside he locked the door, then without batting an eye told us to remove all our clothing. Being an upperclassman and under the duress of some threatening gestures of his roommate, Tandy, we reluctantly complied. Then Jones had us sit at the card table and dealt the cards. He then stealthily unlocked the door, and with as much noise as he could make with his high pitched voice, he cried out, "Don't you dare cut my ace." With her accustomed alacrity, Mrs. Nelson ran upstairs and under the force of her momentum before she could draw up she was in the center of the room with all of us clad in only our birthday suits. She backed out of the room and knocked, but she never bothered us again. When the Constitution was written it stated that after the fourth chapter was formed we were to have a general convention. Jones ran on the road in the summer time. He landed in Washington, D.C. and be set up a chapter without any authority, but the fiat of his will. The next place his train laid over was Richmond, Va., and before we had re-



SACRAMENTO, Calif., 27 — Gov. Ronald Reagan has signed a bill to license California auto repair dealers and to put any fraudulent ones out of business. Calling the measure "the toughest consumer protection bill of the year in California," Governor Reagan said Monday that it was "aimed at cracking down on a certain irresponsible segment of the auto repair industry which persists in using dishonest and unethical operating methods." In signing the bill, he said state officials had received more complaints about auto repairs than about any other business. The legislation does not require licensing of mechanics — only the dealers they work for. California has the most motor vehicles of any state. Chapters should encourage members of their legislation. The need is apparent, especially in the black and poor communities.

covered from the first irregularity he had set up a chapter at Virginia Union University. Then his car went to Toronto, Canada and cut out but not before Jones had set up a chapter there. By this time we decided to expel Jones from the fraternity for insubordination. The night for the proposed expulsion came as we sat around grim faced. Jones got up to explain his actions. He said, "Why I even made an African Prince, Robert M. Mahlangan, a member." To pronounce the prince's name, Jones screwed his mouth to one side and made an almost indistguishable sound similar to that of a duck. Jones won his point. We were convulsed with laughter and instead of the explusion we gave him a rising vote of thanks. *



EDITOR'S NOTE: Bro. Roscoe Giles, M.D., was general president of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. in 1910. He was past president of the Cook Country Physicians Association and the National Medical Association. *

Brother Broderick Grimes of Alpha Mu Chapter is proud of his Christmas present, lovely Althea Turk of Atlanta, Georgia.

New Fraternity House Indiana University The Brothers of Gamma Eta Chapter, Indiana University, has a new house. The three-story, brick building, located on 700 East 8th Street, accommodates twenty-five to thirty people. Corresponding Secretary Fraternally yours, Brother Mark Edwards 5


Elimination of the Ghetto — "Our Theme" Additional Housing Projects Completed St. Louis, Missouri


Brother John H. Stroger Alphas formally dedicated three West End Garden Housing Developments in St. Louis, Missouri. General President Ernest N. Mortal addresses the members of Epsilon Lambda Chapter, members of the National Housing Foundation, local dignitaries and residents attending the dedication.





Mayor Daley, as chairman of the Cook County Democratic Party, released the names of committeemen who will act as the party's slatemaking committee to screen and choose 1972 candidates. The names of Brother Ralph H. Metcalfe (Cong. D. 111.), and Brother John H. Stroger, attorney and member of the Cook County Board of Commissioners appeared on the list of 35 ward leaders and suburban committeemen. Both Brothers are members of Xi Lambda Chapter.

Installation of Officers for 1971-72 Alpha Kappa Lambda Chapter Roanoke, Va.

Past General Presidents A. Maceo Smith and Frank L. Stanley, flanks General President Ernest N. Morial in mutual agreement that one of the two nominees, Brothers W. Decker Clarke or Walter Washington (Standing in the background) will upon election be elevated to the office of General President


Bro. Bro. Bro. Bro. Bro. Bro. Bro. Bro.

Walker Atkinson.... Corrs. Sec'y Troy Dalton President Wliliam Carter Vice President John Neal Secretary John Powell Treasurer Herman Benn Sgt it Arms Joseph Kyle III Former Pres. Regional K. Clarke Chaplain


Theta Rho Lambda - Arlington, Va.

ii < *• NORlllCRN viRC,iNiA COMMllNilV COllcqF. £ < 8 } } J liTile Riven turnpike "AAVF" ANNSNCIAIE, viiiqiNiA 2 2 0 0 }

November I, 1971

Mr. Dlniel L. Brown, President Theta Rho Lambda Chapter Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. 1009 South Quinn Street Arlington, Virginia 22204 Dear Mr. Brown: Brother Harold R. Sims

Brother Harold R. Sims, acting director of the National Urban League electrified dinner guests at the annual "Black and Gold" banquet and ball sponsored by Theta Rho Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. at the Twin Bridges Motor Inn in Virginia. Speaking to the theme, "The Implementation of Social Consciousness," Brother Sims held guests spell-bound as he outlined the causes, the tensions, the plight, the hang-up of a decaying society while offering possible cures and solutions to same. "Now is the time to expose the cancer of hate and deception that eats at the heart of this nation . . . the time for this country to face up to the hell it has created for its own people. Not to mention those in distant lands — and to act with honor and dignity as befits a nation with pretensions to power, leadership and morality. "The time for this Administration and this country to push forward on a humane, massive, non-partisan program to end poverty, racial tensions, and urban and rural decay. To create a meaningful job for every adult who and can and will work; to build the houses for every family now lacking decent shelter; to create the schools and careers for every child in the land. "To provide the health security that will leave no one uncared for and to create the framework of that society which every citizen can truly say is just and good," said the black leader. (Continued on page 8)

Thank you again for a moat enlightening and delightful evening at the Annual Black and Cold Banquet and Ball. It la alwaya a pleasure to represent the College at this Impressive affair and to receive on behalf of our scholarship students your interest and support. It is through the ufforts of organisation such as yours that the College is able to provide programs and services to needy and worthy students. You are lo be congratulated for your continuing Interest In our students, not only through your fiscal support, but also through the s e r vices provided by the Education and Scholarship Committee. Such p r o . grams aa your recently established "Rap Session" provide a badly needed service. Thank you again for your continuing interest in the Northern Virginia Community College. Sincerely yours,

RJE:cg ec:

Richard J. Ernst President

Mr. G l l l e m - ^ Mr. Gravltte Dr. LauLh

Seated left: Mrs. Ruth O'Dell, Civic Award; Dr. Joseph Fisher, Civic Award; Mrs. Milton Sheppard, receiving for her husband, Rev. Sheppard, Civic Award; Mrs. Oatrice H. Gilliam, Alpha Wife Award; Standing, left: Dr. Harold Johnson, Civic Award; Brother Daniel Brown, president of the chapter; Brother Harold Sims, National Urban League and Brother James M. Trent, Alpha Man of the Year Award.


THETA RHO LAMBDA CHAPTER (Continued from page 7) Brother Sims further stated that now is the time to move beyond racism and petty prejudices and beyond civil rights to human rights. "And it is now time," he stressed, "to start moving beyond the program of black unity to build a new unity among America's oppressed minorities — black, brown, yellow, red and the millions upon millions of poor and exploited people who are white — to build an example of the United Nations Charter in action among ourselves so that we might really influence, through that example, the results of the one located within our own border in New York City." To his frat brothers he said, "Implementation of social consciousness will not be implemented unless there is a real bond of black unity between we who have to some extent made it, and the man in a ghetto hovel who doesn't know where his baby's food tomorrow is coming from. "Among all fraternities, sororities, Greeks and Masons, the big question facing them is, 'What are the blacks who were helped in the 60's going to do to help their brothers in the 70's?'" The banquet, the seventh annual, held in the Commonwealth Room of the Marriott, featured a three-part program with Bro. Floyd Bravitt, toastmaster. During the first part there were cocktails, a candle ceremony conducted by William T. Syphax and dinner. Part two consisted of special introductions by Daniel Brown; the presentation of shields to newly initiated members, Brother George Mitchell and James Pierce, by Brother William Decker Clarke, national presidential aspirant. (Continued on page 9)

Arlington, Virginia NOKiliriiN vfoqidU coMiwiNiiy collcqc ^ 6 } } > Unit nivtn ivimpikc ANNANCIAU, vinqiNiA 2 2 0 0 }

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November 1, 1971

Mr. Daniel L. Brown, President Thota Bho Lambda Chapter Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. 1009 South Qulnn Street Arlington, Virginia 22204 Dear Mr. Brown: Thank you again for a m o i l enlightening and delightful evening at the Annual Black and Gold Banquet and Ball. It i t alwaye a pleasure to represent the College at this impressive affair and to receive on behalf of our scholarship students your interest and support. It is through the efforts of organizations such as yours that the College is able to provl-'.a programs and services to needy and worthy students. You are to be congratulated for your continuing interest in our students, not only through your fiscal support, but also through the s e r vices provided by the Education and Scholarship Committee. Such programa as your recently established "Rap Session" provide a badly needed eervlce. Thank you again for your continuing Interest In the Northern Virginia Community College. Sincerely yours,

Richafafj7~Ernst President

RJEtcg ec:

Mr. G l l l e m ^ Mr. Gravltte Dr. Lauth

THE ASSOCIATION FOR THE STUDY OF NEGRO LIFE AND HISTORY THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT jjj» Theta Rho Lambda Chapter, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity is a Life Member of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History and is enrolled for the promotion of the work of collecting and publishing in scientific form the records of the Negro people so that they may not become negligible factors in the thought and life of the world. IN WITNESS WHEREOF: The Executive Council has caused to be issued this Life Certificate, the recipient to all the rights and privileges of membershii

which entitles


Execut ve Director, The Association (or the Study of Nfgn Life and History. Inc.

Lite Membership to the Association For The Study of Negro Life and History.


ft.tnh.e. v i , v m

1538 Ninth Street. N. W. Washington, D.C. 20001



Arlington, Virginia

Presentation of NAACP Life Membership.

(Continued from page 8) The presentation of scholarship funds to the president of Northern Virginia Community College, Richard Ernest, by Brother Floyd Gravitt; the presentation of Life Membership to the Association Study of Negro Life and History to the fraternity, by Brother Charles W. Wesley; the presentation of Life Membership to NAACP to the fraternity, by Brother Edward Muse; the presentation of awards and the main address. Part three consisted of dancing to the music of the Merrymacs. Recipients of civic awards which were presented by Brother H. Gray Gillem and Brother William T. Syphax were Rev. Milton Sheppard (presented to Mrs. Sheppard in the minister's absence); Dr. Joseph Fisher, Mrs. Ruth O'Dell Cox and Dr. Harold Johnson. The "Alpha Man of the Year 1971" award went to Brother James M. Trent and was presented by William Carter. Mrs. Oatrice H. Gilliam received a Loving Cup for the "Alpha Wife Award," and Brother Dan Brown made the presentation. Brother James M. Trent introduced the banquet speaker. The Ronda A. Gilliam Memorial Scholarship Fund, in support of which the banquet is given and from which monies were donated to the Northern Virginia Community College, helps students to continue their education. Funds donated this year will aid two such students at the college named. To date, 12 students at the college have been aided from these funds.

Presentation to Scholarship Fund.


Dear Friend: This Is to express our heartfelt appreciation on behalf of Theta Rho Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., our Education and Schol-irship Committee and the recipients of the Ronda A. Gilliam Memorial Scholarships at the Northern Virginia Community College for your very generous contribution to the Scholarship Fund on the occasion of our Scholarship Benefit - Annual Black and Gold Banquet and Ball of 1971. We are grateful for wonderful friends like you and look forward to entertaining you annually at our benefit affair. We hope that beautiful blessings will be bestowed upon you for your gracious generosity.


b^~2z**^Z\& Daniel L. Brown, President


Nominee... General President of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. BROTHER WALTER WASHINGTON


Brother Washington is shown with Brother Stenson Broaddus, former mid Western Vice President and State Director, of Mississippi John I. Hendricks.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH of BROTHER WALTER WASHINGTON Fraternal Activities: Brought Greek-letter organizations to Tougaloo College campus for first time in 1948 as a student. As member of Alpha Epsilon Lambda Chapter, attended first convention in Miami and has not missed a national convention since. Has served on practically every committee of National Convention. Served as Southern Vice President. Served as National President of the Pan-Hellenic Council, Inc. representing all black Greeks in the country. Served as official representative of Alpha Phi Alpha to the National Pan-Hellenic Council for four years. Life Member of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. Alpha's Man of the Year by both his chapter and Southern Region. Has not missed a regional convention (Southern) since initiation. During the past Easter weekend at the Southern Regional Convention in a contest vote between Brother Bennie Harris and Brother Washington, the Regional voted that Brother Washington run for General President. Educational Experience: Past President of the Mississippi Teachers Association. Past President of the National Alumni Council of United Negro College Fund, and organized the Pre-AIumni Council and the Miss National UNCF Contest. Member of Phi Delta Kappa Educational Fraternity. Member of Kappa Delta Pi Honorary Society. Member of Alpha Kappa Mu Honorary Society. Member of the State Board of Directors of Boy Scouts of America. Vice Chairman of the Secondary Commission of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (being the first black to serve in such position in this region). Member of State Advisory Commission of Vocational Education for the state of Mississippi. (Continued on page 11) 10

The inauguration of Brother Dr. Walter Washington was an historical occasion. It drew to the 100th year old campus, Alcorn A & M College, educators and dignitaries from across the nation. The audience was made up of the head of State Government, the Speaker of the State House of Representatives, the Lieutenant Governor, a large segment of the State Legislature; distinguished black educators, college presidents, and a large group of Alcorn College alumni from as far as California and New York. Brother Washington came to Alcorn stration at Utica Junior College behind him. In the last eighteen months at Alcorn, Brother Washington has been successful in getting the Legislature to appropriate $12 million for capital outlay for the college. He has increased the faculty salaries significantly, revamped the curriculum, and put the college in tune with the time.

Alcorn A&M Receives $12 Million Dr. Walter Washington, president of Alcorn A. & M College, states that the Mississippi Legislature has appropriated approximately $12 million for capital improvement for the college, which include $3 million for a health and physical education center; two $2 million dormitories; $1.5 million for a student union; $1 million for an agriculture building; $500,000 for faculty housing; $1.5 million for renovation, repairs, and new equipment for the college; a combination of state and federal funds of $250,000 for a new experiment station and research projects, and $150,000 for repairs from the State Building Commission. Dr. Washington states that this is an unprecedented appropriation for Alcorn College and comes at the centennial celebration of the college, which was founded in 1871. It is the oldest black landgrant college in the nation and it is "The Home of the National Football Champions â&#x20AC;&#x201D; The Braves."

Nominee...General President BROTHER WALTER WASHINGTON

Brother Washington shown in his weekly student-administrator's involvement meeting

Urban Fellows Program Seeks Young Applicants The National Urban Fellows program to train young people, mainly from minority groups, in government administration is seeking applicants for the year beginning in July, 1972. Applications must be received at NUF headquarters in New Haven, Conn., by March 10, 1972, said Frank Logue, director of the program that is sponsored by the National League of Cities, the U.S. Conference of Mayors and Yale University. Fellows selected, who must be between 24 and 39 years old and hold a bachelor's degree, will begin with an intensive urban studies course in July and August. The classroom work will be followed by assignments as special assistant to such urban executives as Mayor Wesley Uhlman of Seattle; Mark Shedd, Philadelphia schools superintendent, and Los Angeles City Councilman Thomas Bradley.

(Continued from page 10) Education: Holds the Bachelor of Arts Degree from Tougaloo CoUege. Master's Degree from Indiana University. Graduate Degree from George Peabody College. Recently received the doctoral degree. Listed In: Who's Who in the South and Southwest. Who's Who in American Education. Who's Who in American CoUege and University Administration. Personalities of the South. Marital Status: Married to the former Miss Carolyn Carter, coUege sweetheart, who ,s an associate professor. When I am elected General President I wiU call an emergency â&#x201E;˘etiaj in each of the five regions, with the graduate and coUege brothers - M * * ^ as equals, to map o7t a program, region by region, and wdlbnng the suggestions back to be included in a dynamic national program for Alpha Phi A I P n a All of my professional life I have dealth with college brothers on campuses. Here at Alcorn CoUege, we have a dynamic college chapter and an outetandmg Pan-HeUenic Council. As president of Alcorn CoUege, I meet regularly w.rtthe Pan-HeUenic CouncU and work with our coUege brothers for Greekdom. By having served as president of the National Pan-HeUenic CouncU I have had the opportunity to see aU the eight Greek-letter organizations in their national setting. I feel that the coUege brothers must have an opportunity to help fashion and run Alpha, because l e y are not only the future leadership but they are today s leadership I know this because I deal with college men every day of my hfe I feel they have strength and enthusiasm and if this bundle of energy is utilized ,t can further strengthen our Fraternity.

Drug Discharges Can Change Status Black and Puerto Rican veterans who were issued undesirable discharges because of drug addiction and who can now have their discharges changed under a recent ruling by the Defense Department, will receive help from the New York Urban League's Veterans Affairs Department, according to Livingston Wingate, executive director of the league. Recently the Defense Department announced that undesirable discharges issued as a result of drug use would be reversed to honorable status. Consequently, the Urban League is urging Black and Puerto Rican veterans, who were issued undesirable discharges because of personal drug use, to contact its Veterans Affairs Department immediately, to arrange for assistance in getting their discharges changed. The Veterans Department will supply the required applications, assist in their preparation and filing, along with any other required papers and will even provide postage. 11

Nominee... General President Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. BROTHER W . DECKER CLARKE



Meet... HL DECKER CLARKE Current Eastern Vice President Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Candidate for General President

Brothers George H. Mitchell, Jr. and James E. Pierce shared in the glory of Theta Rho Lambda Chapter by being presented their shields from Eastern Regional Vice President W. Decker Clarke, Chapter President Brother Daniel L Brown is shown on the extreme left.

BROTHERS: LET'S SET THE PACE WITH A PACESETTER ! ! ! ! ! ! Our candidate, is the Brother for continued leadership in the seventies. From coast to coast, there is a group of forward thinking Brothers in Alpha, who are deeply committed to making the very distinguished Win. Decker Clarke the next General President of our Fraternity. For the future of Alpha, we solicit your support in nominating and electing him. Decker is a living legend as an Alphaman. You know that for the past three years he has demonstrated his leadership and organizational talents as one of the most dynamic Vice President that any Fraternity has ever had. A solid personality with a cool clear-headed demeanor, he has organized the Eastern Region into one of the most progressive areas of any Fraternity. His constant travelling (he actually visited 86 Chapters — some more than once), his continuous advocation of "love through brotherhood," his deep personal concern for the less fortunate and his involvment with the problems of college students, has endeared him to all with whom he comes in contact. Professionally, Decker is a corporation lawyer specializing in Banking and Financial transactions. He has just completed three years as a Commissioner of Housing Finances for the City of New York. As such, he administered financial programs devoted to fighting the housing blight in New York City, worth over one hundred million dollars. Upon his resignation, the City administration tendered him one of the most unusual and well attended testimonials ever given a public official. Awards and accolades were presented to him from high New York State and City Officials. Representatives of Jewish, Puerto Rican, Chinese and Black organizations, including the Panthers and Muslims spoke in glowing terms of his concern, his temperate disposition in solving explosive situations, and his accomplishments in producing housing under extreme conditions. Decker now devotes his time as the energetic President of the Decker-Clarke Corporation, a multi-million dollar conglomerate with seven diversified subsidiary corporations. As your General President, Brother Clarke has pledged to: 1) Bring the Fraternity into even greater relevance with the times; 2) Guide and assist the General Office to greater usefulness; 3) Achieve an up-dating of the structure of the General Organization; 4) Erase the gap between the aspirations of college and Graduate Brothers; 5) Make the Fraternity achieve its roll as a force in community affairs at the local, state and national levels.


Biographical Data: Place of Birth: Cleveland, Ohio Parents: J. H. N. Clarke, PhD., LLD (Deceased Minister) Zelma F. Clarke, a resident of Waco, Texas. Wife: Eleanora Norwood Clarke, J.D. (Staff Attorney for ITT Continental baking Company). Children: Lynda Michelle — High School Senior; Leigh Decker — High School Junior. Educational Data: Moore High School, Waco, Texas. Samuel Huston College, Austin, Texas, B.A. Degree. Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C., M.A. Degree. Howard University Law School, Washington, D.C., J.D. Degree. Yale University, New Haven, Conn., L.L.M. Degree. Further study in Corporate Law and Finance, Banking and Management. Professional History: Associated with Law Firm of Lepofsky and Lepofsky, Norwalk, Conn. American Title Insurance Co., New York, N.Y., Vice President and General Manager. Carver Federal Savings and Loan Association, New York, N.Y., General Counsel. Deputy Commissioner Housing Finances, The City of New York. Currently President of The DeckerClarke Corporation, New York, N.Y., and Associated with Law Firm of Singer and Berlinger, New York, N.Y. Lecturer-Practising Law Institute, New York, N.Y. (Continued on page 13)

Nominee... General President BROTHER W. DECKER CLARKE

As Your General President Bro. Clarke Will Work Effectively • To bring the Fraternity into even greater relevance with the times; • To guide and assist the General Office to greater usefulness; • To achieve an up-dating of the structure of the General Organization; • To erase the gap between the aspirations of College and Graduate Brothers; • To make the Fraternity achieve its roll as a force in community affairs at the local, state and national levels. SET THE PACE WITH A PACESETTER Fraternally, Brother Kermit H. Boston, National Chairman, Clarke For President Committee

Eastern Regional Vice President W. Decker Clarke presents Alpha Gamma Lambda "Alpha Man of the Year Award" to Brother L. H. Stanton. Left to right are shown, Brothers Melvin W. Bolden, "Dick" Campbell, L. H. Stanton, Vice President Clarke and Brother Theodore R. Cjarity, President of Alpha Gamma Lambda Chapter, New York City.

Japanese and Blacks In the United States

Always active in Civil Rights, has marched, picketed and protested throughout the South, Washington, D.C., New York and Connecticut. Life Member of N.A.A.C.P. and has served as Chairman of The Board, Vice-President and Treasurer of the Norwalk Connecticut branch and a member of the board of the Connecticut State Conference. Past Chairman Merit Board (Civil Service Commission) of the City of Norwalk, Connecticut through which the first black policemen and firemen were employed. Senior Trustee and Attorney, Bethel A.M.E. Church, Norwalk, Conn. Past Master International Brotherhood Protective Order of Elks. Member Sigma Delta Tau Legal Fraternity. Member National Guardsmen, Jr..-. (Connecticut Chapter.) Member Municipal Association for Management and Administration. Listed In: Who's Who in the East Who's Who in America (New Edition) Dictionary of International Biography Community Leaders of America

Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternal Activities: Life Member of Fraternity. Initiated into Beta Zeta Chapter, Samuel Huston College. One of First Members of Omicron Lambda Alpha Chapter, Howard University. Charter Member of Zeta Phi Lambda Chapter, Stamford, Conn. Served Two years as Secretary and Four years as President of Zeta Phi Lambda Chapter. Served Five years as New England Director of The Eastern Region. Served Three years on National Building Foundation with Two years as Chairman of Applications Committee. Has attended every National Convention since 1956 and served on most of The National Committees. Currently serving the Third term as Eastern Vice President. Has received many Awards from Chapters of The Eastern Region and The Regional Organization for activities on behalf of Alpha Phi Alpha. Civic and Social History: As a student in Texas was very active in Fund Raising and participation in Development of Civil Rights Cases.

lapanese and not Blacks are the most successful minority group in the U.S. They number only 600,000, or less than 0.3 percent of the U.S. population, but a good 15 percent of them hold professional level jobs. This compares favorably with the white population and far outstrips any other non-white minority. According to UCLA Professor Harry L. Kitano, an expert on Japanese-Americans, the wartime internment may have given them a greater incentive to succeed. Instead of nourishing their grievances, Dr. Kitano believes, they reacted by seeking to become even more Americanized. Not that Japanese-Americans haven't suffered racial prejudice and discrimination. During World War II they were uprooted from their homes and jobs, unfairly interned in camps. The traditional Japanese values of duty and perseverance, Dr. Kitano points out, as well as respect for authority and belief in education, are also important ingredients of the Japanese-American success story. Norman Mineta defeated 14 candidates last May to become Mayor of San Jose, California. 13

Brother Elmer Moore Appointed Liberia Deputy Chief

ALPHA WORKSHOP Laurence T, Young, Executive Secretary

CHRISTMAS GREETING The most joyous season of the year is at hand — CHRISTMAS — and the General President of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. on behalf of the Board of Directors, extends to all the Brothers of Alpha, at home and abroad, best wishes for life, joy, health, happiness and enduring friendships to the end that HIS peace may abide in the hearts of all, and that we may always have JUSTICE where the least of them will share equally with the best of them.

Brother Elmer J. Moore

Brother Elmer J. Moore was sworn in May 7 as Deputy Director of the Liberia Mission. Bro. Moore has been Director of AID's Office of North African Affairs since March 1969. Before joining AID, he was a program manager in behavioral sciences at Franklin Institute Research Laboratories in Philadelphia. From 1965 to 1968 he was an economist in the Office of Economic Opportunity. He served as an agricultural economist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (1955 to 1959 and 1962 to 1965). From 1959 to 1962 Brother Moore was a resource economist, with the Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission, after serving with the Bureau of Reclamation in Fresno, Calif. Brother Moore was principal of Linwood High School in Mt. Olive, Miss., from 1945 to 1947. He served in the U.S. Army from 1942 to 1945. Brother Moore, 53, holds B.S. and M.S. degrees in agriculture and economics, both from the University of California. He also attended Fresno State College and American University. He is married to the former Aretta Bernice Easterling of Jackson, Miss. They have three sons. 14

DEDICATIONS Since the conclusion of the 65th Anniversary Convention in Milwaukee, Alpha Phi Alpha has enjoyed the experience of celebrating several dedication ceremonies. In conjunction with a meeting of the Board of Directors of the Building Foundation in St. Louis, October 15, 16, 1971, dedication ceremonies were held at the Alpha Gardens site. The Building Foundation's advent into Federal Housing gives promise to being one of the most outstanding programs ever developed in the Fraternity. During the course of the meeting, initial expenses were approved and advanced to the Gary Indiana Foundation, Inc. for Topographic survery. Test Borings, Sieve Analysis, Engineering and drafting, with regard to the proposed development in Gary, Indiana Then again, On October 30, the Alpha Phi Alpha Homes, Inc. and Eta Tau Lambda chapter conduction ground breaking ceremonies in Chalannelwood — a new living center in Akron, Ohio, under the guidance of Brother James R. William, Midwestern Vice President. This development is unique in that the Corporation has received a firm committment from the Federal Housiing for 551 unit, ten million housing development. We must mention again, the Alpha Phi Alpha Non-Profit Housing, Inc. which recently acquired ownership of a 134 unit housing development, Parkside Villege, Inkster, Michigan, under the guidance of Brother Rodgers. FOUNDER'S DAY BANQUETS We have reports from many chapters relative to Founder's Day celebrations at the sites of various chapters — the most recent one was held in St. Louis by Epsilon Lambda Chapter, December 4, 1971 Brother Arnold W. (Oke-doke) Wright, Sr. electrified those present with the main address. Many awards were presented at the conclusion of the elaborate program. ELECTION OF A GENERAL PRESIDENT The nominees for General President of Alpha Phi Fraternity, Inc. are Brother W. DECKER CLARKE, and Brother WALTER WASHINGTON. Your attention is again called to the fact that ballots for this election will be mailed from the General Office the first week in April 1972 — to be counted in Denver, at the 66th Anniversity Convention in July 1972, at which General Convention, the winner will be announced, and will take office January 7, 1973, for a term of two years. GRAND TAX The respose for 1972 Grand Tax has been excellent — rewarding the toil of the past month — the increase, with regard to the Alumni Group has been received and accepted most understandingly, and greatly appreciated by the Executive Secretary. We are still striving for that 10,000 active role and hope to accomplished it this year.

SCIENCE... Again, It Is Brother Harris THE NEW ELEMENT HAHNIUM, ATOMIC NUMBER 105* Lawrence Radiation Laboratory University of California Berkeley, California APRIL 1970 ABSTRACT

Albert Ghiorso, Matti Nurmia, Kari Eskola, James Harris and Pirkko Eskola

Brother James Harris

An isotope of element 105 with mass number 260 has been formed by bombarding 249Cf with 1SN ions. The Z and A of the nuclide have been unambiguously identified by recoil-milking the 30-second 256Lr daughter. 2<i째105 has a 1.6*0.3 second half-life and decays by alpha-particle emission with groups at 9.06 (55%), 9.10 (25%), and 9.14 MeV (20%). Branching decay by spontaneous fission is less than 20%. Some comments are made on the earlier results of the Dubna group concerning a few alpha particle events at 9.4 and 9.7 MeV which they claim to be due to element 105. Using the same target or 249Cf that was instrumental in the discovery of the alpha-emitting isotopes of element 104,1 rutherfordium,2 we have produced with moderate yield a 1.6-second 9.1-MeV alpha-particle activity by bombardment with " N ions at the HILAC. By the alpha-recoil milking of a known isotope of element 103 we have obtained evidence that assigns this new radioactivity unambiguously to an isotope of element 105. The procedures used in these new experiments were similar to those described in our previous communications.1 2 3 The 300 microgram/cm2 target of 249Cf, which had been prepared by the molecular-plating method in October 1968, is still in excellent shape and appears to be unchanged by several thousand microamperehours of heavy-ion bombardment. The element-105 reaction recoils were ejected from the target a short distance into helium gas at 620 torr. They were pumped through a small orifice into a rough vacuum to impinge upon the periphery of a vertically mounted wheel which acted as a carrier. The wheel was periodically rotated to place the collected transmutation products next to a series of solid-state Si-Au surface-barrier detectors in order to measure their alpha-particle spectra. Half-life information was derived both from the relative numbers of counts detected at each station and from the decay of the activities while the wheel was stationary at each position. Brother James Harris is Corresponding Secretary of Gamma Chi Lambda Chapter, San Francisco, California.

To measure the alpha-recoil daughters of these activities each detecting crystal facing the wheel was periodically shuttled to a position opposite another similar detector where at high geometry the two detectors together could analyze the daughter alpha-particle activity which had recoiled off the wheel into the crystal. At each detecting station there were four detectors, two "mother" crystals which alernately faced the wheel and two "daughter" crystals to alternately face the "mother" crystals when they were shuttled off the wheel. Five stations were arranged at 39째 intervals so that the same position on the 45-cm diameter wheel would not be re-examined by the detectors until all steps of the digital motor had been used. The information from each of the many detectors was amplified by modular units developed in our laboratory and processed and stored by a PDP-9 computer and ancillary devices. Alpha-particle spectra were analyzed in 512-channel segments covering the range from 6 to 12 MeV with spontaneous-fission discriminators set to detect pulses greater than 30 MeV. The spurious count level was essentially eliminated by the use of judicious shielding and electronic-gating techniques. The bombardments were made at a beam level of 4 microamperes measured as tsN+ 7 through the 4.7-mm diameter target. The 156-MeV beam energy of the HILAC was reduced to the proper energy, usually about 85 MeV, by the use of beryllium degraders mounted very close to the target. This energy was measured by detecting the particles scattered at 30째 from the target through a thin window in the target chamber. The alpha-particle spectra displayed in Fig. 1 resulted from a series of bombardments of the 249Cf target with 15N ions. The individual spectra show the total of counts recorded at each of the five stations by the two movable detectors when facing the wheel. The sum of the five spectra is plotted topmost. The wheel-cycle rate was one second and the shuttle period 50 seconds. The complex group of peaks above 9 MeV is assigned to 260105; by use of the SAMPO computer program4 it can be resolved into alpha-particle groups at 9.06 (55%), 9.10 (25%), and 9.14 MeV (20%). For alpha-energy calibration the 6.773-MeV peak of 213Fr and the 7.443-MeV peak of 211 Po were used. The absolute accuracy of the energy values is estimated to be 0.02 MeV. Calculations based on spinindependent (b = o) equations of Preston5 give hindrance factors 7, 20, and 33, respectively, for these transitions. The half-life of this activity is 1.6*0.3 seconds. The branching by spontaneous fission is less than 20%, or alternatively, assuming that 260Rf is a very short-lived fission emitter, the electron-capture branching is less than 20%. (Continued on page 16) 15

NEW ELEMENT HAHNIUM (Continued from page 15) The 8.87-MeV peak as well as its 8.81-MeV satellite belong to 0.7-sec 257Lr and the complex peak at 8.6-MeV belongs to 4.0-sec 2S8Lr.6 7 8 Several of the peaks with a lower alpha energy are present because of lead and mercury impurities in the target. Bombardment of lead and mercury targets with 15N ions insured that the new activity was not produced by these impurities. Measurements were also made of the extent to which atoms carried by the gas jetting out of the orifice could be deposited directly on the crystal faces of the detecting stations. The abundantly produced 214 Ra was used as a tracer and it was found that stopping the wheel reduced the observed amount of activity by more than a factor of 10s. The measured relative cross sections for the 9.1, 8.87, and 8.6-MeV alpha activities at four different bombarding energies are plotted in Fig. 2. The peak production rate of the 9.1-MeV activiy is about 1.5 alpha counts per microamperehour which corresponds to a cross section of 3.13-33 cm2 assuming a recoil-collection yield of 50%. Both the absolute cross-section value and the shape of the excitation curve agree with the predicted ones for the 2«Cf(15N,4n)26°105 reaction.9 We have recently discovered certain isomeric transitions in the heavy-element region that are able to transfer their groundstate daughters from the wheel to the mother detectors. This is accomplished by the feeble recoil energy imparted to them by the photons or electrons emitted in such transitions. We have also detected this transfer in some cases of electroncapture. We felt that it was important to prove that the recoil ransfer involved in this experiment was due to the fuch greater energy (some 105 times) imparted by the emission of an alpha particle. We found that we could reduce the I. T.-recoil by a factor of more than 10 by biassing the wheel negative a few volts relative to the adjacent detector faces and by adding a modest gas pressure (ca 10 torr) of argon in this region. The mother-daughter experiments were conducted in this fashion. In addition, one experiment was conducted in which the potential was reversed and the gas removed to enhance the possibility of detecting a 1.6-second I.T. in 256Lr and none was found. The alpha-particle spectra shown in Fig 3 were recorded simultaneously with those displayed in Fig. 1, but by the detectors in the off-wheel position, i.e., they arose from the decay of alpha-recoil-daughter atoms embedded in the movable detectors. We believe that the alpha-particle events with an energy of 8.2 to 8.6 MeV belong to the daughter of the 1.6-sec 9.1-MeV activity for the following reasons: (1) the number of recorded events at successive detector stations diminishes with a half-life of 2*1 seconds; and (2) the ratio of counts in the 9.1 MeV peak in the mother spectrum to those between 8.2 to 8.6 MeV in the daughter spectrum is 234:84 = 2.8-0.4 and agrees well with the calculated value 2.7. The 8.4-MeV daughter activity decays with a half-life of 30*10 seconds, which value is based on the distribution of counts in the four 12.5-sec time subgroups of the 50-second shuttle period. In the inset above the sum spectrum in Fig. 3 there is shown an alpha spectrum of 30-sec 256Lr produced by the 249Cf(nB,4n)256Lr reaction6. Because of the similarity of the sum spectrum with the spectrum in the inset, and the good agreement of the half-lives, the daughter activity is 16

assigned to 2S6Lr and therefore the 9.1-MeV mother activity has to be 260105. Our knowledge of the decay properties of 25S Lr is not detailed enough to rule it out definitively as a daughter possibility, but its alpha-spectrum in known to differ from that of 256Lr to the extent that it is unlikely to produce the spectrum in Fig.3. Another argument against the mother-daughter pair being 259105 —> 2S5Lr is that we did not observe the 9.1-MeV acitvity in a 36-uAhr bombardment of 2 «Cf with " N ions. We have also made time-correlation measurements to show that the 30-second 8.4-MeV alpha particles follow the emission of the 1.6-second 9.1-MeV mother activity on the wheel. Preliminary results do indeed confirm this assumption but, unfortunately, a relatively high background from 3.2-second 8.4-MeV 256No interferes. Further measurements are being made in which this interference is substantially reduced by a more elaborate mode of operation. In 1968 there was pulished a paper by G. N. Flerov et al.,10'11 which purported to show the discovery of two alpha emitting isotopes of element 105 produced by the bombardment of 243Am with 22Ne ions. The transmutation products were carried by a gas stream through an annular solid-state detector to a collecting surface. In the gross spectrum they observed peaks with energies of 8.3 8.7, 9.0, and 11.6 MeV which were ascribed to known reaction products from lead and americium. Delayed coincidences were observed between alpha-particle pulses of 8.8 to 10.3 MeV with those from 8.35 to 8.6 MeV, a region which is occupied by 2S6Lr and, supposedly, 2 "Lr. In particular they seemed to find a statistically meaningful correlation for "peaks" at 9.4 and 9.7 MeV. They came to a preliminary conclusion that they might be detecting 261105 with E = 9 . 4 ± 0 . 1 MeV; 0.1 — 7-1/2 — 3 seconds and 260105 with E = 9.7 ± 0.1 MeV; T-l/2 — 0.01 seconds. The rate of production of these events was extremely low; only 10 delayed coincidences were observed in 400 microamperehours. We have shown in Fig. 4 a compilation of their data on the coincident events arranged according to their energy range. Their gross alpha spectrum is also shown and for comparison we have plotted the high energy part of some of our data on the same energy scale. There appears to be a similar continuum above 9.2 MeV in both cases but they are not necessarily due to the same effect. In our experiments this high energy tail for the most part is due to one or more very light nuclides produced by the interaction of the 15N ions with the Be substrate of our target. We have searched for delayed coincidences between these high energy alpha particles and the various lawrencium peaks. We found none that were statistically significant. In addition to these negative findings it is unlikely that 261 105 for the following reasons: (1) our present work shows that 260105 has an energy of ca 9.1 MeV and (2) the daughter of 261105, 257Lr, was evcluded from the Dubna delayedcoincidence measurements because its energy and half-life are not the same as 256Lr, as assumed. In view of these considerations it is difficult for us to ascribe any significance to the meager data of the Dubna group regarding alphaemitting isotopes of element 105. In honor of the late Otto Hahn we respectfully suggest that this new element be given the name hahnium with the symbol Ha. (Continued on page 17)

THE BIG PARADE Fun Cities Don't Play Fair By Brother Louis Martin Two of the richest, most publicized fun capitals of the Western world are Honolulu and Miami. Their beaches and seashore playgrounds attract millions of affluent Americans, loaded with ready cash, who are eager to buy a little sunshine. By happenstance I had a chance last month to make brief visits to both cities. Believe it or not, with all that cash floating through the air, I did not see many black faces employed at anything, not even taking out the garbage. ID Honolulu it seemed that even the descendants of the native Hawaiians were getting the short end of the economic stick. My visits were brief and my observations were, of course, superficial. Nevertheless, I got the impression that the opportunity to rook the rich vacationers was not open to the local citizens with black faces. My impression was confirmed in Miami when I talked with some of the citizens in the ghettos. The fact that blacks with money were welcome everywhere did not overcome my concern over the absence of blacks in the vast work force that keeps the merry-go-rounds of these fun capitals turning. Perhaps there were many signs of progress I did not see. Nevertheless, the progress that counts with me is based on the opportunity to get a job, to get a chance to earn the dollars that sustain life in our society. Strangely enough, it was on the trip to Honolulu that I discovered some signs of hope. I was member of a five-man Chicago group invited by the Navy to make the crossing to Hawaii by sea on the newly equipped Guided Missile Cruiser, the U.S.S. Chicago. The others were Judge Archibald Carey A. W. Williams, the insurance mogul, Stanley Enlund ot Chicago's First Federal Savings and Loan and Al Field ot WGN Continental Broadcasting. Judge Carey and Admiral Draper Kauffman of Oreat Lakes are old friends and I suspect they arranged the trip with the Secretary of the Navy. The experience will never be forgotten by any of us. I still wobble when I walk as a result of six days and nights on the rolling sea, on the stretch between Longbeach, California and Honolulu. Whoever named that ocean Pacific should be sued for libel. Anyway, I got a chance to examine a floating city, utterly modern, fully equipped with every new electronic gadgets, I felt like a mouse trapped in an electronic maze. Even more astonishing was that all these weird machines were being operated by hundreds of teenagers who were rattling off scientific terms in a language everybody understood but us. t The thrilling thing to me, however, was that some ot these kids who sounded off like men from Mars were oiacK. Indeed, some of our briefings on the most intricate electronic machinery were delivered by black youngsters who spoke witn

NEW ELEMENT HAHNIUM (Continuel from page 16) In a complicated research effort such as this we obviously are indebted to many people but in particular we would like to express our gratitude for the continued essential and patient assistance provided by R. G. Leres, A. A. Wydler, C. A. Corum, A. E. Larsh, and D.F. Lebeck. The experiments were made possible by the excellent performance of the accelerator and for this we must thank F. S. Grobelch and the HILAC operating and maintenance staffs. As always we appreciate the interest and suggestions of G. T. Seaborg. REFERENCES * This work was done under the auspices of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission. t On leave of absence from Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Finland. 1. A. Ghiorso, M. Nurmia, J. Harris, K. Eskola, and P. Eskola, Phys. Rev. Letters 22, 1317 (1969). 2. A Ghiorso, The Robert A. Welch Foundation Conferences on Chemical Research. XIII. The Transuranium Elements â&#x20AC;&#x201D; The Mendeleev Contennial, November 1969, Houston, Texas (to be published). 3. A Ghiorso, M. Nurmia, K. Eskola and P. Eskola, submitted to Physics Letters. 4. J. T. Routti and S. G. Prussin, Nucl. Instr. Methods 72, 125 (1969). 5. M. A. Preston, Phys. Rev. 71, 865 (1947). 6. A. Ghiorso, M. Nurmia, K. Eskola, and P. Eskola, to be published. 7. A Ghiorso, T. Sikkeland, A. E. Larsh, and R. M. Latimer, Phys. Rev. Letters 6, 473 (1961). 8. A. Ghiorso, M. Nurmia, K. Eskola and P. Eskola, University of California Lawrence Radiation Laboratory Report No. 19530, 1970 (unpublished). 9. T. Sikkeland and D. F. Lebeck, unpublished work. 10. Flerov, G. N., Proc. Intern. Conf. Nucl. Struct., Tokyo (1967), J. Sanada, ed., Suppl. J. Phys. Soc. Japan 24, 237 (1968). 11. G. N. Flerov, V. A. Drain, A. G. Demin, Yu. V. Lobanov, N. K. Skobelev, G. N. Akapiev, B. V. Fefilov, I. V. Kolesov, K. A. Gavrilov, Yu. P. Kharitonov, and L. P. Chelnokov, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research Preprint JINR-P7-3808 (1968). the authority of college professors. Rear Admiral Bergen and the skipper, Captain Thomas McNamara, who were gracious hosts, seemed to be smiling as they watched our reactions. If it was all a propaganda trick, I must say it worked. Those kids really got to me. With all the institutional racism and the long history of military discrimination, I saw black teenagers beating the rap. As one told me, "we are learning all the technical stuff just like these white cats and we are getting paid besides." Another said, "I'm shooting for a technical job when I get out and I know my stuff." At dinner with the Admiral and the Captain, we learned something of the Navy's problem. They have got to attack racism and open all the doors to get youngsters today to join up. Black kids are not buying half a loaf. The Navy brass is on the spot and they know it. Further the glamour of the game is gone. 17







Mr. Kossuth Synder has been awarded the Alpha Phi Alpha Memorial Scholarship at Cornell University for the fourth consecutive year. The scholarship amounts to approximately $2400 annually. Mr. Bobby Ray Stewart of Beaumont, Texas has been awarded the 3rd annual Coco-Cola-Alpha Phi Alpha Scholarship of $1500 to attend Harvard University. Nominees for the 1972-73 scholarship should be forwarded at once to the NSSFNS, 1776 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10019. For further information and for application forms see the 1971 Annual Report of the Director of Educational Activities. Alpha Phi Alpha Undergraduate Scholarships of $1000 each have been awarded to the following college brothers: Terry Wallace Roy Hodges Ronald Reynolds Beta Epsilon Chapter Epsilon Kappa Chapter Beta Kappa Chapter N. C. A & T State University Bradley University Langston University Greensboro, N. C. Peoria, Illinois Langston, Oklahoma Applications for the 1972-73 Scholarships should be made after February 1 but no later than June 30th. For further information see A Manual For Scholarship and Education Committees, p. 8-9 or write the Executive Secretary. The Education Foundation has adopted "Guidelines for Proposal Development." Chapters seeking grants for proposals or wishing aid in seeking grants should consult these guidelines which may be secured on request from the Office of the Executive Secretary. A Manual for Scholarship and Education Committees has been published by the Foundation. Copies have been mailed to each chapter. The manual describes both the Alpha Outreach and Education for Citizenship programs and contains a wealth of other information. Additional copies may be secured from the Executive Secretary for 1.00 each. Brother A. P. Marshall, Head Librarian of Eastern Michigan University of Ypsilanti has volunteered to head a group of Alpha Librarians and Archivists in an effort to establish the Alpha Phi Alpha Library in the national headquarters. The group will meet with the Executive Secretary during the American Library Association Meeting in Chicago. Brother Dr. Walter Sullivan Jr. of the Department of Chemistry at North Carolina A&T State University has been elected to the Education Foundation as a replacement for Brother Jessee Richards Jr. of New Orleans who retired because of ill health. ANNOUNCEMENT 1.


The Alpha Phi Alpha Education Foundation, Inc. will award five (5) scholarships of $1,000 to a college brother in each of the five (5) regions. The purpose of the scholarship is to assist college brothers in earning their baccalaureate degrees. (Continued on page 40) 18

Jewel Henry A. Callls

"In spite of the length of life of the fraternity, that in order to keep that life going and to improve leadership among our folk in America, Alpha Phi Alpha will have to utilize her brains, in planning for excellence in public relations. To make it worthwhile, you must keep your feet planted solidly on the ground."

U. S.


Balance the Books A number of people have trouble balancing their yearly banking and checking accounts. However, if the seemingly "outlandish" pearly sum throws you off, take a look at the figures for the U. S. Treasury accounts: Withdrawals Deposits Cash Balance Public Debt Gold

THIS YEAR $99,557,991,376.58 81,676,010,258.65 5,596,563,969.86 418,893,347,122.54 10,132,176,496.81

Withdrawals Deposits Cash Balance Public Debt Gold

LAST YEAR $92,998,566,903.92 77,344,593,724.94 6,793,179,787.32 387,856,839,102.83 11,117,058,219.82

But all's well that ends well. The U.S. Internal Revenue collections last Nov. 26 were totaled at $792,119,294.17.

Lincoln University, Pennsylvania

Brother Herman R. Branson Installed as Tenth President

College president get their heads together following the inauguration of Brother Branson. From left: Dr. Wendell P. Russell, Virginia State College; Dr. Luna I. Mlshoe, Delaware State College; Dr. Branson and Dr. Walter Washington.

LINCOLN UNIVERSITY, Pa. â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Brother Dr. Herman Russell Branson, renowned in the fields of education and science, was installed Nov. 14 as the 10th president of Lincoln University with a firm commitment to the development of the institution and its students. ". . . To meet these responsibilities to our students, our community, and the larger world, Lincoln must seek answers to the big question which emerges," he declared. "What are the effective ways to meet the needs of young people who come to us from this society?" Some 1,000 friends, alumni, representatives of various organizations and colleges crowded into the university's Grim Gynmasium to hear Dr. Branson and guest speaker, Dr. Jerold R. Zacharias, director of the Education Research Center Institute and professor of Physics emeritus of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, tell how Lincoln, under the guidance of Brother Branson, could best meet the needs of today's students. Dr. Zacharias, who is well known for his innovations in the teaching field praised Dr. Branson for his efforts in the establishment and success of such programs as: Upward Bound, a program designed to help high school students develop the skills needed for college to stay in college once they get there; the Head Start program for pre-schoolers, and the follow-through program for elementary age children. He also said that by Brother Bran-

son's leaving his position as president of Central State University, Wilberforce, Ohio â&#x20AC;&#x201D; where Branson was before coming to Lincoln in 1970, the newly installed president was in a better position to rectify some of the nation's "grevious faults." He termed the inadequate job of educating youth one of these faults. Later, Brother Branson addressed himself to this problem and specifically cited the problems of blacks: "When we look at blacks we are especially distressed, for of the 9 million people in higher education today, only 500,000 or so are black. On the basis of population that number should be of the order of 1,100,000. "Thus today there is a deficit of some 600,000 blacks who ought to be in higher education if we had true equality of opportunity. "The sad fact," he said, "is that while blacks have been recruited recently into many other colleges that once were indifferent to their attending, they are not graduating in the numbers they should." "The facts are that more than 75 per cent to 80 per cent of all the students who enter two-year colleges, for example, do not graduate and the estimate is that some 90 per cent of the blacks do not." Dr. Zacharias cited one program to ready more black doctors and medical personnel that MIT and Harvard University are involved in. He suggested that Lincoln could play a major role in

such an alliance with MIT. Dr. Zacharias said faculty members should "plan not to waste students' TIME." Brother Branson later reinstated this feeling, "Above all," he said, "we hope a self-correcting method will enable us to avoid fantasy and illusion but keep us ever mindful of our main responsibility â&#x20AC;&#x201D; not to destroy the confidence or break the spirit of the inspiration of our young people." * * * The highlight of the afternoon came as Dr. Branson was officially installed as president by Dr. George D. Cannon, chairman of the board of trustees and presiding official for the occasion. (Branson has been acting president since he was unanimously elected by the board in September, 1970.) After he received the oath of office he was presented the University charter by Marvin Wacrman, vice president for academic affairs at Temple University. Wacrman said that in its long history Lincoln had met many challenges and that he was sure that under Brother Branson's leadership it would go on to greater heights. He said that Brother Branson would launch Lincoln on "Its Golden Age of Development. * * * After the inaugural ceremonies, at which Dr. Branson's mother, wife, son and daughter were among family members who were present, a luncheon was held in the student union building. The Hon. John H. Ware HI, vice chairman of the board of trustees, presided over the luncheon and read congratulations sent to Branson from President Richard Nixon. * * * "All who are familiar with your past achievements are confident that your inauguration marks the beginning of an exciting new era in the long and distinguished history of this fine institution, an era of great advancement in Lincoln's efforts to provide quality education for all. "My warmest congratulations and best wishes to you for every success in your challenging new duties." (Continued on page 36) 19

Rampart Discrimination in Public Utility Industry — Hiring and Promotional Policies for Women, Blacks and Other Minorities

Brother William H. Brown, III, Chairman of Equal Employment Opportunity Committee.

WASHINGTON — Brother William H. Brown, III, chairman of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, this month accused the public utility industry of exercising "rampart discrimination" in its hiring and promotion polices for women, blacks and other minorities. After three days of hearings on the industry, Brown said, "We will use every resource at our command to break the grip of Anglo males on virtually every good job in this industry." He charged that in the nation's gas and electric companies women and minorities are relegated to the lowest job classifications and added: "It appears that they are locked into these undesirable jobs for the rest of their working lives."

CHRISTMAS AND STEEL (Continued from page 4) Whatever it is, it finds robbers who were moved by greed, rapists by uncontrolled passion, drug addicts by trips and because hope hangs beyond reality, child molesters by some inhuman craving, and murderers by premeditation, circumstance and accident — all indistinguishable, brought together in space and time to sing Joy to the World in social discord. It's a strange exchange to bargain away your Christmases with momentary acts of social revolt to discover anew each year that the season to be jolly 20

It was unusually strong language for Brown, who since becoming chairman of the EEOC 2V4 years ago, has maintained a low profile and moved cautiously with an agency that has little legal leverage in the civil rights field. Able to join 4in lawsuits Brother Brown said the EEOC would use all its powers, the strongest of which is the right to intervene in private lawsuits, to break up the pattern of discrimination uncovered in the hearings. The hearings brought out that the industry ranked last in the employment of blacks among the 23 largest industries — those with more than half a million employes. Only 6 per cent of the industry jobs are held by blacks. It was also shown that while women have 34 per cent of all jobs in the country's major industries, they hold only 15 per cent in public utilities. Spanishsurnamed people have 3.6 per cent of major industry jobs, but only 1.6 per cent of those in the utilities industry. The overwhelming number of minority employes hold lowpaying positions, and promotions to supervisory and managerial jobs are few, testimony showed. Chicago utilities' comment Utility spokesmen and individual witnesses gave conflicting explanations for this record. For example, several company executives testified during the hearings that they actively sought out blacks to promote in their companies but found few qualified.

An executive of Chicago's Peoples Gas Co. testified that women and minority group members were being promoted by the company more frequently than white or male employes. Elmes W. Christell, vice president for industrial relations, said the company was "determined to provide equal employment opportunity." "During the 1970 fiscal year, 16.3 per cent of minority group members were promoted, compared with 12 per cent of other employes; 18 per cent of female employes were promoted compared with 11.7 per cent of male employes," he said. Christell also said that minority group members working for Peoples Gas increased from 9.4 per cent of the work force in 1967 to 16.5 per cent in 1971, despite a decline in the number of the company's employes.

comes and leaves you just as miserable as you were before you were supposed to be jolly. Joylessness remains one penalty of the outcast. Only a man who has become a social outcast can feel lost at seeing mistletoe resting beside evergreens a half-step away from a clanging prison gate. For the outside world, mistletoe and evergreens foretell a season of laughter and good fellowship which fail to scale prison walls.

ture promises which yesterday omitted fulfilling. Hope holds convict's hearts.

Christmas is the right time for laughter and smiles — even with convicts. We smile because it keeps the tears blocked and because hope hangs so heavily wherever steel joins concrete, Hope holds fu-

Tells of College recruiting He outlined the company's Affirmative Action Program for minority hiring which emphasizes college recruiting. Officials of Commonwealth Edison Co., Chicago's electric company, could not be reached for comment. In other testimony Harry E. Thompson, a black employe of the Southern California Edison Co., said the company has eight black janitors who hold college degrees, despite the corporation's claim it cannot find talent for managerial positions.

That's where Christmas has always existed — in hearts. But in hearts of happy people who have friends and family and who have more than vapor memories of lost friends from another country, another century. A silent self crawls through each inmate's bosom on Christmas Eve — a quiet self who still remembers his family and friends, who still remembers that memories are real enough to make him un-merry on the merriest day of the year.

BROTHER LEON E. JORDIMI Arizona Teacher Of The Year A biology teacher at Camelback High School, Brother Leon E. Jordan, has been named Arizona Teacher of the Year for 1972 by the State Department of Education. Brother Jordan, 49, of 2135 E. Corona, was cited as a "nationally recognized authority in biology." His name will be entered in a contest for the national teacher-of-the-year award, sponsored by the Association of Chief State School Officers. "You are certainly very deserving of this special recognition," wrote State School Supt. Weldon P. Shofstall informing him of the honor. Brother Jordan, who was out of town when the announcement was made, is a graduate of Lincoln University in Jefferson City, Mo., and holds a master's degree from Kansas State University. He also has received scholarships from the National Science Foundation for study at Arizona State University, New Mexico University and the University of California at Berkeley. Brother Jordan once taught at, and was head basketball coach for Carver High School in south Phoenix, now headquarters of the Phoenix Union High School District business office. He has served as vice president of the National Association of Biology Teachers and was named Arizona's outstanding biology teacher in 1964. He has been a teacher for 20 years, the last 17 at Camelback. Dr. Carolyn Scott, principal at Camelback, described Brother Jordan as a "master teacher in terms of subject matter."

Brother Ralph H. Metcalfe (Dem. III.) . . .


Brother Ralph H. Metcalfe

Washington â&#x20AC;&#x201D; U.S. Rep. Brother Ralph H. Metcalfe, (D-IU) told a group of AT&T Vice-Presidents at a luncheon in New York that the company must make a commitment to minority and poor people who have been "left out of the American dream." Speaking at one of the company's monthly luncheons for management personnel, Brother Metcalfe said, "the responsibilities of AT&T do not end at the boundaries of its vast corporate federation. As a legal monopoly supported and patronized by nearly every American citizen, the Bell System has a very major obligation to the communities and people it serves. AT&T can aid in resurrecting our inner cities by investing both confidence and capital into these areas," Brother Metcalfe said. "It may be more economical to build a new laboratory or factory in an industrial park in some outlying suburb. However, the commitment must be to the central city where

minorities would have access to the jobs a new factory would create. Such measures would provide a double blow against unemployment by bringing new money into the community, bolstering local businesses and the local economy." The Congressman said he thought AT&T had already made some commitment to urban areas, and complimented AT&T Vice-Chairman John DeButts for acknowledging that "unless our cities survive, we won't either." "For myself," said Brother Metcalfe, "John DeButts' statement is a lot more than rhetoric. As a Black Chicago Congressman from the heart of Chicago's Black Community. I am directly involved with the struggle for survival of our cities. I am confronted with the problems of a Black unemployment rate nearly double that of Whites. I see meager welfare budgets slashed because the governor says he can't find funds. "I see poor and diasbled, unable to obtain adequate medical care. I see housing without heat or adequate plumbing, and I see Black G.I.'s who have returned from battles overseas only to discover an even greater battle for survival in the streets of Chicago with unfair discharges that make employment virtually impossible. "These problems may seem remote from high rise executive offices, but no matter where I am, I cannot forget and I urge you, not only as executives of the largest corporation of the world, but as human beings, not to ignore these problems."

Position Open â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Cont'd from page 2 Salary: $26,000 per year with attractive fringe benefits has been budgeted. Applicants should contact: Dr. Gordon M. Harrington, Chairman Dean Search Committee Department of Psychology University of Northern Iowa Cedar Falls, Iowa 50613 21

PROGRESS AND PROBLEMS of Blacks in the United States A REPORT . . . JBrotLr $. J4erbrt J(in%, ÂŁctihor This increase was preceded by a decade in which there had been no significant narrowing of the income differentials. In the North and West, the income in 1969 of young Black families with a head under 35, and both husband and wife working, was not statistically different from that for similar white families.

The contributions of Brother Whitney M. Young, Jr., is the topic of the conversation being held by Brothers Hubert H. Humphrey, (Sen. D. Minn.) Charles Lewis, J. Herbert King, and others during the National Urban League Convention in Detroit, Michigan.

Blacks in the United States continued to make social and economic progress during the 1960's and to consolidate previous advances in health, education, employment and income, according to a joint report issued today by the Department of Commerce's Bureau of the Census and the Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics. The report makes it clear that even though the gap between blacks and whites is narrowing, many Negroes are still substantially behind whites in many measures of social and economic progress. The report examines in detail the deep effect that the many changes in American society during the 1960's had on the life of the average Black â&#x20AC;&#x201D; where he lives, his income, the makeup of his family, his education, his job. The reports based on data from both the 1970 census and from monthly surveys of 50,000 households, augmented by information from many other government agencies. A summary of the report follows: Population and Migration Blacks are 11 percent of the total population of the United States, but they now constitute a much larger propor22

tion of the Nation's northern metropolitan population. In 1960, 60 percent of all Negroes lived in the South; by 1970, only about half lived there. In 1960, 34 percent lived in the North and 6 percent in the West; by 1970, about 40 percent lived in the North and 8 percent in the West. The 1970 cennsus shows that much of this change was the result of continued large migration from the South to the North and West. By 1970, three of every five blacks in the United States lived in the central city of a major metropolitan area. Negroes were more than half of the central city population in four large cities (Washington, D. C , Newark, N. J., Gary, Ind., and Atlanta, Ga.), only one of them in the deep South. On the average, Negroes were about 28 percent of the total population of cities in the very largest metropolitan areas (two million or more residents). Income Median family income of Negros and other races, in 1970, was about $6,520, about 50 percent higher than in 1960. The ratio of Negro and other races to white median family income was 64 percent in 1970, a significant increase from the 53 percent ratio in 1961-63.

In 1960, 9 percent of all families of Negro and other races had incomes whose purchasing power exceeded $10,000 in 1969 prices. The proportion did not change between 1960 and 1963, but it increased during the rest of the 1960's. As the 1970's began, 24 percent of families of Negro and other races had such incomes, approximately two and one-half times the 1960 proportion. The increases for whites rose from 27 percent in 1960 to 41 percent in 1966 and 49 percent in 1969. Husband-wife families, both Black and and white, tend to have incomes approximately double those of families headed by a woman. The median income in 1969 of Negro families headed by women was $3,340, compared with $5,500 for white families headed by women. The number of whites and Blacks below the low income level rose between 1969 and 1970, but in 1970 was considerably below that of a decade before. About one-third of the black population and 10 percent of the white population were in the low income group in 1970, compared with more than half of the black population and 18 percent of the white 10 years before. Although much attention has been focused on problems in the metropolitan areas where about three-fourths of all Black families lived in 1969, only about half of the low income families lived there. In 1969, five out of every ten Black families in the non-metropolitan areas of the South were in the low income group, compared with two out of every ten in the central cities of the North and West. (Continued on page 23)

A REPORT . . . (Continued from page 22) A large proportion of the families with low incomes was headed by people at work. In 1969, six out of every ten Negro men and five out of every ten white men, who were heads of low income families were employed. The majority of people below the low income level did not receive public assistance or welfare payments in 1969. In that year, about 45 percent of the low income Negro families and about 21 percent of low income white families received public assistance. Education In 1970, 56 percent of all young adult blacks 25 to 29 years old had completed high school compared with 38 percent 10 years ago. By 1970, about 17 percent had at least 1 year of college. Approximately 78 percent of the comparable group of whites had a high school education and about one-third had received some college training. Between 1965 and 1970, blacks 18 to 24 years old enrolled in college almost doubled, reaching 7 percent of total college enrollments in 1970. About one in every six college-age black men compared with one in every three college-age white men was enrolled in college in 1970. By 1969, less than one percent of the Negro population 14 to 24 years old was functionally illiterate, in the sense of having less than 4 years schooling, compared with about 9 percent of those 45 years or older. In 1970, approximately one out of every 7 black teenagers 14 to 19 years dropped out of school. Today, many young Negro children begin some form of schooling at age 3 or 4. Employment Between 1960 and 1970, total employment of Negro and other races increased 22 percent, but their employment in professional, technical, and clerical occupations doubled. There were substantial gains in the number of Negro and other races employed in sales, craft, and managerial occupations. Gains were much smaller in service jobs and the number in private household, labor, and farm work declined, however, at the end of

the decade about two-fifths of men of Negro and other races remained in private household, labor, and farm occupations, a much greater proportion than for white men in these jobs. Reports to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission from the largest companies in the nine industries in which worker earnings are relatively the highest, indicate that the proportion of Negroes in the highest paid jobs as professional, technical, and managerial workers is far below their proportion in the total labor force. Even in industries where Negroes are a large part of the labor force, they tend to hold only a small share of the highest paid jobs in large companies. The Negro share of craft jobs is also fairly small, but in middle pay level occupations their share is generally higher. Unemployment of persons of Negro and other races, as well as whites, declined from the 1961 recession level until 1966. The number of unemployed held at about 600,000 for the next 3 years, even though the "Negro and other races" labor force increased. As a result, the unemployment rate for Negro and other races fell from 12.4 percent 1970, the rate rose to 8.2 percent, about the 1965 level. However, the increase was proportionately less for Negro and other races than for whites. Thus for the first time since the early 1950's, the unemployment rate for Negro and other races was less than double the white rate. The unemployment rate for married men of Negro and other races decreased throughout the 1960's. In 1970, the rate for these men was half that of 1962. However, the 1970 rate of 29.1 percent for teenagers of Negro and other races, which was higher than that for adult men or women, rose towards the 1963 peak. In 1970, the unemployment rate for Vietnam veterans of Negro and other races under 25 years old was 15 percent, and for 25 to 29 year olds 7.5 percent. Housing In 1970, two of every five housing units occupied by Negroes were owned by the occupant, compared with about two in every three occupied by whites. The rate of owner occupancy for Negro households increased between 1960 and 1970, especially in the South and North Central regions. Home ownership rates

in 1970 were higher outside the central cities than in the central cities of metropolitan areas. The proportion of Negro households lacking some or all plumbing facilities was 17 percent of the 1970 total of Negro households, more than three times the rate for white households. The greatest disparity was in the South. In the West, where the lack of plumbing facilities was least prevalent, the same proportion of Negro and white households had incomplete plumbing. Approximately 5 percent of Negro households in central cities lacked plumbing facilities in their homes. The Family In the late 1960's the expected size of a completed Negro family, where the wife was 30 years or over, was four children, compared with three for a completed white family. As to the future, however, both white and Negro women now in their twenties expect to have fewer children than women now in their thirties. The fertility of both Negro and other races and white women has declined since 1961. Fertility of women 35 to 44 years of age seems closely related to their labor force status and education. They are less likely to have had a large number of children when working than when not working, and when their educational attainment has been high. The number of families headed by women has increased sharply between 1960 and 1971 — rising from 0.9 million to 1.6 million families for Negro and other races, and from 3.3 million to 4.4 million families for whites. In 1971, 29 percent of families of Negro and other races — compared with about 9 percent of white families — were headed by a woman. Approximately half of all Negro women who were family beads were separated or divorced from their husbands. At family income levels of $10,000 to $14,999 for both races, nearly all children live with both their parents. However, the proportion drops sharply for families with incomes under $3,000 — about 24 percent of Negro and 44 percent of white children in families in this income group lived with their parents in 1969. A very large share, about two-thirds, of the children in families headed by Negro women were in low income families in 1969. 23

NEW ORLEANS PERSONALITY IN THE NEWS cJjutck iflorial, .. General President, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. In a world where racism comes in many shades, a man with white complextion and a Negro label could easily wind up the whipping boy for racists at both ends of the color chart. The very fact that he's different can trigger the hate, suspicion and cruelty that abide in the baser side of human nature. If he's not sure himself what or where he wants to be, his life can become that of the man without a country . . . aimless, frustrating, heartbreakingly lonely. It needn't be that way. A strong sense of personal identity and purpose, a touch of practicality and an ability to find the humor that exists even in some of man's meaner moments have made it possible for Judge Ernest N. "Dutch" Morial to achieve a kind of political success rare for a 42-year-old man, even rarer for a Negro in the South and still rarer for a black man who, cosmetically, is white. As a politician, "Dutch" Morial has seen his share of disappointments, stemming from the fact that with some whites he'll always be a Negro, first, a man, last, no matter how white his skin, no matter his qualifications. Other disappointments without doubt, have grown out of the fact that there are black racists, who won't identify with anyone whose skin resembles "Whitey." But "Dutch" Morial's life is neither aimless nor lonely and his disappointments have been more than outweighed by achievements for himself and for others. In this category-insistent society, Morial carries the label of Negro. His political purpose has been to make inroads on the mountain of prejudice that gave birth to the labels. If there must be labels, however, let there be no doubt about Morial's choice of one. In French, the word "nabisco" means "vanilla" or "cream-colored." During his campaign last year for Council-man-atlarge, a Parisienne, who has adopted New Orleans as home, asked Morial if, being "so nabisco" he had trouble relating to the black community. Morial's reply was short and pointed: "No. I might look 'nabisco,' Lady, but I'm an Oreo at heart." 24

Judge Ernest N. Mortal

"Dutch Morial is an ambitious man . . . for himself and for his race. And he began equipping himself with the tools to fulfill these ambitions in school. He received his early education in the city's public and parochial schools. Then, in 1951 he was graduated from Xavier University with a B.S. in business administration. Three years later, Morial began his career of "firsts" when he became the first black graduate of Louisiana State University's Law School. He entered law practice with A. P. Tureaud, dean of Negro lawyers in Louisiana, and also taught part time in the public schools and at Xavier. As soon a he put out his shingle, Morial jumped into the main stream of the Civil rights movement. He fought for equal rights in the courtroom, handling a series of successful suits which resulted in the elimination of some segregation policies. He successfully represented his wife, Sybil Haydel Morial, when she filed suit challenging the Louisiana law prohibiting teachers from holding membership in any organization which advocated classroom integration. Other Morial suits brought about an end to racial discrimination policies at Delgado Trade School, New Orleans Municipal Auditorium and area colleges, including LSUNO, Southwestern and Southeastern.

And he worked hard to make the New Orleans chapter of the NAACP more effective, both as its president and as a cooperating attorney with the group's legal defense and education fund. His voice was heard in the national organization as a member of the resolutions committee and as a delegate to the national convention. Morial's entrance into the rough and tumble game of Louisiana politics was a natural extension of his civil rights involvement. He states it quite simply: "I sensed a need for blacks to try and get inside party machinery." Morial's first campaign was a disappointment. In 1959 he ran for the Louisiana Democratic State Central Committee. He made it to the Second Primary, but failed to get a seat. His active interest in politics continued, however, and he achieved another first for Louisiana Negroes in 1965 when he became an assistant U. S. Attorney. All the while he had his eyes on a seat in the State Legislature. "The older black political leaders always in the past had raised questions about running a black candidate. 'Now is not the time,' they would say, or, 'You gotta wait 'til you get this, 'til you get that.' My position was and is that running black candidates for office is an invaluable tool for getting blacks registered and interested in working for a political organization. "I also felt . . . and feel . . . that running for office affords black people a forum they don't get otherwise. The media is ready to listen to you. You get free time. You get invitations to meetings. "I looked at District 20 and realized the time was now." Morial acquired an apartment property to establish residency and "Then, I began to make my moves. My wife organized the Louisiana League of Good Government and they conducted a nonpartisan voter registration drive in the Second Ward. The summer before the election, the NAACP did some more work on voter registration. (Continued on page 25)

DUTCH MORIAL (Continued from page 24) "Then came reapportionment. I was concerned that established politicos might attempt to gerrymander the district in a way that would eliminate the possibility of success by a black candidate." Morial kept a close eye on the reapportionment, to the extent of filing a preventive suit. His groundwork paid off and in 1967 Morial became the first black Democrat ever elected to the Legislature and the first black since reconstruction. He successfully united black and white voters to score a first primary victory over one Negro and two white opponents. In this contest, Morial also became the first Negro candidate endorsed by both the New Orleans States-Item and The Times-Picayune. His election was an achievement, for him and for all blacks. And, if his days as a legislator were not all pleasant ones, his successor, Mrs. Dorothy Mae Taylor, also black, will have less trying times because Morial opened the doors. "When I went to the Legislature, I wanted to be treated like a State Representative, like a man who has been elected by his constituency. I didn't want any preferential treatment and I didn't want any discriminatory treatment." To a certain degree, Morial got what he wanted. "There was no question about the Orleans delegation's attitude toward me. Great, and I was invited to everything that was a legislative function. The lobbyists didn't exclude me. I requested committee assignments and I got the ones I wanted. "The fact that Ed Booker and I became close friends helped. It took a lot of courage on his part to befriend the black guy in the Legislature. His friendship, without doubt, eased the attitudes of others towards me. That, coupled with the friendliness demonstrated by some legislators who had been in law school with me, made it easier for others who didn't know me to accept me. "I think, too, that if you do your homework, if you demonstrate some capability, if you go about your business in a business-like way, then the word gets out . . . and that helps. Morial found that he could be more effective in quiet, behind the scenes maneuvering. "It was just good com-

mon sense for me to resist the urge to jump up and grab the microphone constantly. Many times, just the fact of my being for something . . . vocally . . . would have caused others to be against it" In spite of Morial's tact, however, there were those whose public reactions to his presence in the Legislature can only be described as affronts to human dignity. A couple of incidents are vivid in his memory. One involved Senator John Schwegmann. Morial was talking with his friend Booker when it occurred. "Senator Schwegmann came up, stepped between us and turned his back to me, then began talking to Ed. He said, 'If you guys in New Orleans had gotten together on reapportionment, you wouldn't have to have a Negro in the Legislature.' Booker wanted to challenge Schwegmann but I waved him off and managed to keep my own temper. My only comment was, 'Mr. Schwegmann, before this session's out, you're going to need me for something.' " On another occasion, right after the '68 session, Morial was standing in a reception line. "Ford Stinson's wife was standing in line near me or in front of me and he came over and made a show of pulling her out of the line." These incidents, hurtful enough, were mild compared to an emotional outburst by the late Archie Davis in the last session. Morial backed legislation to end bloodlabeling by race. Davis got fired up and in a prolonged bit of stump-shouting oratory urged the defeat of the bill, saying that even one drop of "nigger" blood would be offensive to him. The Davis harangue stunned the Legislature. Some lawmakers were outraged, almost all were mortified. Davis wound up making a public apology that came pretty close to being worse than the original insult. Through it all, Morial maintained his cool, refusing to get into a personal dispute with Davis. "There are some things you hear, some things you don't hear and some things you don't hear because you don't want to. Well, I heard it. But I felt a reply would have been pointless. My presence in the Legislature had changed people's attitudes a little. I felt that the view expressed was not the view of the majority or if it was, others at

least would have expressed themselves with more tact, not so crudely as Archie Davis. "I know there were a lot of guys who wanted to vote with me on the blood labeling bill, but felt they couldn't because of their constituents. They didn't speak against the bill, though, didn't even vote against it. They just abstained." The blood-labeling bill finally died but Morial, a political pragmatist if ever there was one, wasn't overly upset. "What this says is that people elected to public office will move only as fast as they think their constituencies want them to move. Although we talk about leadership, public office holders are not going to get more than one or two steps ahead of the folks back home and they're quick to step back two steps to join them . . . because if they get too far out in front, they won't be returned to office." Morial believes the blood-labeling bill indicated that while the old die-hard racist feelings have softened they aren't dead. "Still I think my presence in the Legislature is just like my feeling about blacks running for office . . . every guy that runs makes it a little easier for the guy that comes after. "Of course, I would have liked to have seen four or five other Negroes there . . . it wouldn't have been as lonely." He smiles when he says that. Understandably. It's doubtful that Morial has ever been lonely for very long. He has a sort of joie de vivre that is infectious, making it easy to attract and retain friends. And he doesn't hold a grudge. Morial, speaking of Archie Davis â&#x20AC;&#x201D; before his fatal illness â&#x20AC;&#x201D; said, "There was never any deep hostility between us . . . before or after the incident over blood labeling. Our relationship was fairly cordial, he would lobby me on a bill and sometimes I would ask for his vote." And, if Morial was the only one in the Legislature, he made his vote and his voice effective. His practical approach to the business of being a lawmaker resulted in new firsts for blacks, including himself. Morial talked the governor into appointing a black man when new seats were created on the Criminal Courts Bench . . . one seat went to Israel Augustine Jr., thanks to Morial's efforts. Morial himself captured the appointment for a new seat on the Juvenile Court Bench. (Continued on page 26) 25

DUTCH MORIAL (Continued from page 25) Some blacks have criticized Morial for taking the appointment. "I think a person has the right to move on . . . if he decides to. I think a man has an obligation to himself as well as to others." Perhaps, his decision to accept the appointment was another demonstration of his pragmatism. Morial won't say it outright . . . but one of his ambitions was to be the first black mayor of New Orleans . . . or at least pave the way for a black man to win the office. In 1969 Morial decided to run for a city-wide office as a test. "The surveys indicated a large percentage of New Orleanians would vote for a black candidate for an at-large seat on the City Council. I thought if I could run and win and hold the fort for eight years, then the possibility would be there to run for mayor . . . for some black candidate to run for mayor. "Even if I lost, I hoped that my candidacy would serve at least to build the kind of machinery it takes to run a Negro in a citywide contest. I had hoped my campaign would be a training ground, a laboratory, an education process to equip black people with the tools to elect a mayor." Morial lost all the way around in this election. He made it into the second primary, but lost the council race by a narrow, 6,000-vote margin. And his campaign didn't develop as he had hoped it would. "I think you can compare the response I got in the campaign to the bettor at a horse race. He prefers to put his money on a sure thing. "I don't think many blacks thought I'd get as far as I did and there were just as many whites who felt that way. "I got some money from blacks, but not nearly as much money as the very same blacks gave to white candidates. And I didn't get many significant contributions from whites. "I had a headquarters with the necessary telephones but I couldn't get that many black volunteers to work. All the black political organizations and political leaders and their volunteers were in the Landrieu camp. I was endorsed by Landrieu and I benefited from some of their work, of course. Nevertheless, 26

they were interested in the top man and that's where the money and the volunteers rallied. "Without money, organizing an effective citywide campaign with billboards, television time, newspaper ads, canvassing and election day transportation â&#x20AC;&#x201D; just was not possible. "I like to think that a little more money would have made more than enough difference to win." Morial was disappointed . . . enough, perhaps, to make him forget his ambition to be the city's first black mayor. Judge Morial certainly does not see his new job as a political dead end, however. "There's a great challenge in this job. My fellow judges and I would like to see the Orleans Parish Juvenile Court become a model for courts all over the country. Right now, the physical facilities are totally inadequate. The attitude generally, of people engaged in the Court's supporting activities is somewhat archiac. And, generally, there is a blase attitude in the city about the court and its functions. "Changing all that will take creativity, tenacity and," he adds with a broad grin, "just a little politicking. We'll have to deal with the political figures who hold the purse strings, the men who make the money appropriations we will need to turn this court into a model." Morial likes his new job. "I get a great deal of satisfaction out of talking to young people on a oneto-one basis, possibly influencing the outcome of their lives for the better, helping them to relate and identify with the totality of the community and its problems." His practical side rears its head again, when he's asked if he feels his new job will cost him that name identity so necessary to attract votes. He notes that the juvenile court, unlike other bench appointments, has builtin opportunities for public exposure of a responsible sort. "In order to change public attitudes about the court, the judges are going to have to get out with the public and explain how it can affect the youth of the community." He adds that a judge can pile up a record of public service to present to the voters just as any other official. But . . . would he still like to run for Mayor? "Right now, I don't think about it. I'm not going to say if I'm drafted, I

For Internship Seek Minorities NEW YORK â&#x20AC;&#x201D; The Brookhaven National Laboratory has asked the help of the AntiDefamation League of B'nai B'rith in locating "young minority group individuals" to fill a number of interests in science and engineering. The internships are sponsored by the National Science Foundation and will begin as soon as suitable candidates can be found. Peter H. Chen, a spokesman for the laboratory, which is owned and principally funded through the Atomic Energy Commission, asked ADL for "assistance in identifying and receiving vital information on young minority group individuals who are presently unemployed." He described the interns as being able to make "substantial contributions to the nation's scientific and technological advancement." One year appointments will be made in nine scientific disciplines for applicants with advanced degrees (masters or higher). These include cryogenic, electrical, mechanic and nuclear engineering; high and low energy, solid state and nuclear physics; radiation, organic, inorganic and hot atom chemistry; and environmental science. The Anit-Defamation League, which is making the information known through its regional offices and the minority press, said that persons interested in these internships are asked to send their resumes or requests for furthef information to Dr. R. C. Anderson, Assistant Director, Scientific Personnel, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, N. Y. 11973.

wouldn't run. I will say the office would have to seek me, not the reverse. I would have to be assured of the kind of support I didn't have in the council race." Morial is quick to point out that mayors and governors frequently go to the bench, while judges rarely step off the bench to run for mayor. Perhaps he's already looking down the road toward another type of "first." There aren't any black men on the federal bench in Louisiana. â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Rosemary James


Elected... BOARD OF DIRECTORS Virginia Power & Light

ALPHAS FOR LIFE By Bro. John D. Buckner, National Life Membership


The '72 LIFE MEMBERSHIP CRUSADE is launched. As this goes to press in December 1971, the Executive Secretary has just issued Alpha Life Membership number 800 to Bro. Melvin Talbott of Louisville. Our crusade goal for 1,000 fully paid members is in sight. ALPHA LIFE MEMBERSHIP HIGHLIGHTS: • 63 new subscribing life members have been added since the Milwaukee General Convention. • Brother William E. Alexander, new president of Ann Arbor pledged new life membership program — sent 27 Grand Tax payments and also 27 new subscribing life membership payments. • Brother Otha N. Brown, Jr. sent 10 new starts all from Connecticut. • Chattanoga, Tennessee sent 9 new subscribers. • Alpha Mu (Northwestern University) leads the college chapters with 3 fully paid and 1 subscribing life member. • Which family can top the Philadelphia Bryans — Thomas H. Sr., Thomas H. Jr., Richard A. and Henry C. — all Alphas — all Alpha Life Members. • Major S. Lorento Shannon) is at work among ranking Alphas serving their country — delivered to date — Brigadier General Roscoe C. Cartwright, Lt Col. E. Rodney Brooks, Capt. Clyde Shelley. • And from old St. Louis, already at the head, rounding out its first 100 fully paid Alpha Life Members with 4 new ones JOIN THE CRUSADE — — — 1,000 ALPHA LIJFE MEMBERS Set your chapter goal Set your region quota Ask the old pro chapters how to do it — San Diego — New Orleans — Kansas City — East St. Louis, Illinois or Cleveland, Ohio. Get the wives involved too — Think Alpha Life Memberships — Christmas gifts — Anniversary presents — Birthday presents — Memorable awards — for the man who has everything, except an Alpha Life Membership. There are Alpha men in your city who have not affiliated in years — Enroll them for life.


35th Anniversary

Alpha Life Membership Program

Clip here and mail to Alpha Phi Alpha General Office 4432 Martin Luther King Drive Chicago, Illinois 60653 Dear Brother Buckner: Enroll me in the ALPHA LIFE MEMBERSHIP CRUSADE. Enclosed please find $200.00 for my Alpha Life Membership in full, or $ to start my subscription plan. I will complete the payment in full before July 31, 1972. SIGNED — NameAddressCity - State - ZipChapter-


Brother Allix B. James

The Board of Directors of Virginia Electric and Power Company today elected William F. Vosbeck Jr., FAIA, managing partner of the architectural, engineering, and planning firm of Vosbeck Vosbeck Kendrick Redinger of Alexandria, and Dr. Allix Bledsoe James, president of Virginia Union University, as directors. Brother James, a native of Marshall, Texas, received his Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Divinity degrees from Virginia Union University and his Masters and Doctors of Theology degrees from Union Theological Seminary in Virginia. He received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Richmond this year. Brother James joined Virginia Union University in 1950 as Dean of Students, and in 1956 was appointed Dean of the School of Theology. He was appointed vice president of Virginia Union in 1960, and became its president in 1970. He is president of the American Association of Theological Schools and the Council on Theological Education of the American Baptist Convention. He is also chairman of the Richmond City Planning Commission and a member of the Richmond Regional District Planning Commission. He is on the Executive Board of the Baptist General Convention of Virginia and the Board of Directors of Better Richmond, Inc. 27


... Introduces BLACK FAMILY


Meet Brother L. H. Stanton and his latest "Brain-child" . . . The National SCENE a Black Family News Supplement. The National Scene is distributed throughout the United States via Black newspapers. Observe the following page for a sample of good reading, especially to Alphas.

Brother L. H. Stanton

ALL AMERICANS Brother Fritz Pollard as shown on the new Family Supplement NATIONAL SCENE.

J. Mayo William

Paul Roberson

Brother Fritz Pollard 28

brown University, that Ivy League school located in Providence, Rhode Island, recently started a Hall of Fame and three generations of Polllards were on the scene. Why? Fritz Sr., was selected and it was iust because he is the greatest football player in the history of the University. He was the first Black man to be elected, to the Football Hall of Fame. He made the Walter Camp team as a running back despite the fact that he weighed a scant 170 pounds, dripping wet. Others in photo, left to right, Vernon R. Alden, former Brown president, Fritz Pollard II, Fritz Sr., Mrs. Fritz Pollard, Sr., and Fritz Pollard, Jr., former Olympic hurdler, now employed by the Equal Employment Commission.

THE NATIONAL SCENE (Continued from page 28) In the early days of professional football there were great players like the fabulous Indian, Jim Thorpe, Bronko Nagurski, Red Grange and owners like Tim Mara, Art Rooney, and George Habs. As the game progressed in popularity with some minimizing during the days of World War II, then the tremendous upsurge of the fifties which brought to the scene many great stars from college gridirons too numberous to mention, the National Football League became a virtual industry because teams began playing before crowds of fifty to eighty five thousand every weekend in stadia of Chicago, Pittsburgh, Minneapolis, Cleveland, New York, Philadelphia, and Los Angeles. The fans thrilled to the exploits of many Black players . . . Motley of Cleveland, Lennie Lyles, the late Big Daddy Lipscomb, Lenny Moore, Buddy Young, Johnny Sample, Jimmy Brown. Today approximate 43% of the players in professional football are Black boys and many of them command salaries upwards of fifty thousand dollars per year. . Most fans today are too young and know too little of the early history of this game professionally to recall some names like Paul Robeson,.Duke Slater, and Fritz Pollard . . . three of the earliest among great Black football players in professional ranks. The annals of sports history have not been very kind nor fair to these Black players, who of necessity, had to play for different teams, but wherever their talents were used they acquitted themselves with the display of ability unmatched by most players to this day. One of those Black players was Fritz Pollard, a standout for three years in the late teens on the Brown University teams and a player, who was good enough to command as much as $1500 per game fifty years ago, in

1921 and 1922. Even until today with teams playing a fourteen-game regular schedule, there are many average professional players who earn less than that amount. F.ritz Pollard, still active at Seventy years of age, -working as a Public Relations representative and living in New Rochelle, New York, was looked upon as one of the nation's greatest collegiate players. One of the first Negroes to be named an All-American by the late Walter Camp and this honor compounded when he was named to this distinguished squad two years in a row by Camp. Pollard was a product of the Chicago area and had three brothers who preceded him in football. The eldest played at Lakeview High School in the middle- '90s, the second starred at Lane Tech High School. This brother made it possible for . .Fritz to play for in the words of Fritz himself, this brother Luther told the Lane Tech coach who thought Fritz was too small to play the game . . . "if Fritz doesn't play then I won't play." Luther was not only a great player but also a fine musician and meant an awful lot to the school and his threat was two-edged and little brother Fritz was given a chance and made good at Lane Tech. After graduating from High School this young football whiz pondered matriculating at Northwestern University where an older sister completed her work in 1905. A friend of the family, Elmer Stephens of the Stephens department store in Chicago who was a Brown graduate, influenced Fritz's mother to let him attend Brown. It must be remembered, too, that many top flight colleges Illinois, the University of Chicago as examples, would not accept Black football players. In the Fall of 1912 Fritz scrim-

Che early football Black Wonder

Brown University's famous number 8, Fritz Pollard, scoring first of his three touchdowns against unbeatable Harvard, 1916. Brown won 21 to 0. The next week he scored all three touchdowns, beating Yale, 20 to 0.

maged a little with Northwestern in practice sessions but was advised by a Dean . . . "this is not the place for you "without any further explanation. Young Pollard played that season with amateur teams "around Chicago" but at the insistence of Mr. Stephens, he visited the campus of Brown in February 1913 and was accepted as a student in mid-semester. In Spring practice for both Track and Football, Pollard put on a display of unusual ability in both sports but when credits were checked for the next semester, the check revealed this sports phenom needed additional credits to qualify as a full student. For the next two years Fritz did some studying, and played, according to his version, "some amateur football" and finally returned to the Brown campus in the Fall of 1915. By this time, Pollard was a virtual unknown so he started a Suit Pressing club on the campus charging a flat fee of $1.00 per month and guaranteeing pressing for as many garments as a student had for this fee. "I did this so I could become known on the campus,". Pollard said.This was not enough, however, because coaches and players did not want Pollard on the team. It required pressure from a number of popular students on the campus to force the athletic Director, Pinky McFarland, to

(Continue! on page 30) 29

THE NATIONAL SCENE (Continued from page 29)

FRITZ POLLARD provide Pollard with a uniform. Two of those students, Fisher and Fineberg, represented the Pollard cheering section at Brown . . . on the campus and at the games. Fritz was not used in the first game that season but he was slated for the trip to Springfield which marked the beginning of his collegiate career, despite his not playing in the game. Brown lost to Springfield and questions were asked the following week about this Black player, Pollard, and a Catholic player, Purdy, who did so well in practice, not being used the previous Saturday. In the next game, both Pollard and Purdy were starters, played the entire game and Pollard scored thirty three points. Pollard's exploits the balance of that season and the following season of 1916 were good enough to have him named All-American halfback. In 1918, his career was interrupted with Army service. After the war, Pollard entered the University of Pennsylvania Dental School and even though eligibility rules were waived, he did not play there because Penn did not want any Negro players and also in Pollard's words . . . "why should I play for Penn when I was a Brown man." Then too, Pollard married after leaving the Army and needed a job to support his family. He began coaching at Lincoln University in Oxford, Pennsylvania, an all-Negro college. This job provided too little money so the proposition to play fo ran Akron professional football club. After a Lincoln game one Saturday Pollard said . . . "I took a night train to Akron, arrived the next morning and there was no one on hand' .to meet this big shot player." After locating Akron's team owner, one Frank Snead who was surprised that Fritz was so small, there was a prelimnary practice before the Sunday game. "Surprisingly enough many of the players were Southerners but none showed resentment. Even during the game they ran interference for me. I happend to play a pretty good game and we won that afternoon." "For

Four of the first blacks in Pro Football, left to right, Paul Roberson, All America, Rutgers, Fritz Pollard, All America, Brown, Duke Slater, All America, Iowa and Joe Lillard, Oregon. (The fifth, Mayo (Ink) Williams, Brown, 1920.) Actor, Clarence Muse, clowning in front.


The Akron, Ohio Bulldogs, with Fritz Pollard as Star and manager won the first National Professional Football Championship, 1920.

that game in 1919 I got $200.00 and my expenses." Pollard, disliking the play formations used by Akron's Coach Tobin, suggested changes and Tobin agreed with this new player making suggestions. The team had a number of great players of those days . . . Rip King of Tennessee, McCormick from Wisconsin, "Cheese Anson and one of the famous Nesser brothers. With the new formations, the Akron team developed into one of the best professional football teams in existence at that time. The spectre of discrimination came up in many of the games but the one which was most pronounced in Pollard's career was a game with Dayton, Ohio. When the team arrived at the Dayton hotel, Pollard was denied accommodations and even in those days, the other team players . . . some from the South, refused to stay and the team stayed at another hotel. Ironically, after Akron defeated Dayton in a game which was advirtised with Pollard as the feature player, the manager of the hotel which refused him accommodations, apologized for this ignominy and had Pollard as his special guest in the hotel for several days. Pollard recalls his first experience meeting the great Indian, Jim Thorpe, who virtually ignored him but Pollard warned . . . "I'm the little Black boy who came to Canton to beat you." Thorpe played with the Canton Bulldogs, along with Pete Henry from Washington and Jefferson College, Doc Spears from Darthmouth and two former All-American ends. Akron blocked a Thorpe punt during the game which Pollard picked up and carried to the six-yard line and two plays later, Pollard scored a touchdown and kicked the extra point. Later Fritz kicked a field goal and Akron defeated the formerly undefeated Canton Bulldogs 10 to 6. "That was the beginning of a winning streak for Akron, Pollard said, and we ended the season undefeated. The following year . . . 1920, we went on to win what was then the world football professional championship." Pollard was the only Black player on Akron's team which won fifteen straight games with one nothing to nothing tie against a Chicago team coached by the well known George Halas. In 1921, having heard about the career of Paul Robeson who was likewise an All-American at Rutgers University in New Jersey, Pollard sought out Robeson for Akron and they

became teammates the next two years. Pollard boasts that because of his tremendous talent and drawing power, he oftimes commanded as much as $1500 plus expenses for a single game. Fritz said even Jim Thorpe was only getting $1,000 per game and Pete Henry was "getting around about $450 per game. We were drawing eight to ten thousand people per game and in the exhibition game against George Halas' team we drew 45,000 at the Cubs park in Chicago." Present day football fans are not aware that professional football, though in its embryonic stage, had great popularity in the PollardRobeson-Thorpe days and was given a big boost when the famous "galloping ghost" of Illinois, Red Grange, started his team in 1925. Pollard pointed out one game in which he competed against Red Grange in Boston, playing for Providence, Rhode Island when 40,000 fans were in the stands. Few are aware that a Black football player had the stature and drawing power that this little dynamo of the gridiron, Fritz Pollard possessed. His greatest attribute was his size and ability to shift, avoiding tacklers, and open field running much on the style of the great Lenny Moore who played for more than a decade with the Baltimore Colts. Pollard can not clearly recall, but admits he continued to play in spots as a special drawing card as late as "1927 or 1928" and the last game was in the Shenandoah, Pennsylvania coal region where football was very popular. He likes to recall being threatened by some fans if he dared to play where great sums of money were bet on games then, as they are now. He did play however, without incident. Since that last game, Pollard's career has been varied and in some ways, colorful. Recalling the famous "Black Tuesday" of 1929 in the stock market which Pollard says left him broke and he started all over again. Because of his Brown University contacts and connections made during his professional playing days, the fabulous Fritz was able to find something reasonably profitable to earn a liivng for himself and his family. Discouraged with his home base base of Chicago, Pollard went to New York. Remembering a Chicago friend who did well in the coal business, Pollard opened the Pollard Coal Company and peddled coal principally in the Harlem section of New York and did quite

(Continued on page 33)

ZETA ETA CHAPTER ON THE MOVE Columbia University, New York, N. Y.

Brother George Van Amson

ALPHAS EXCEL AT COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY Brothers of ZETA ETA Chapter — Front row: Brothers George Van Amson, Charles Johnson, Ted Gregory. Back row: Brothers Steve Woods, Jesse Parks, Ray Reed.

The Chapter at Columbia University, New York City formerly Eta Chapter had been reactivated in 1968, as Zeta Eta Chapter. Since then the brothers of Zeta Eta have epitimized the goals of Alpha Phi Alpha. They have excelled in all aspects of college life, paticularly athletics. Brother Charles Johnson is a senior majoring in Law. He is the Captain of the 1971 Columbia Varsity Football Team. He is an Honor student and has made the All-Ivy League Football Team. He is the Chapter Vice-President, and is from Indianapolis. Brother Jesse Parks is a junior majoring in Psychology, He is one of the finest atheletes in the east. He has made the All-Ivy League Football and Baseball Teams. He serves as the Dean of Pledges for 1972. He is from Springfield, Mass. Brother Steve Woods is a junior and a Pre-Medical student. He has made the Deans Honor List several times. He is a Wide-receiver on the team, and serves as the chapter Treasurer. Steve is from Indianapolis. Brother Ted Gregory is a sophomore and is majoring in Economics. He is the top Defensive Back in the Ivy League and an outstanding High Jumper on the Track Team. He serves as the chapter Chaplain. Ted is from Middletown, Ohio.

Jess PARKS (251 min.) Junion — 20 — 6-1 — 175 Springfield, Mass. Lion coaches rank Parks with the best in the nation . . . unlimited potential with tremendous abilities . . . good speed, great hands, excellent moves . . . second to Jones among Ivy receivers, led league in receiving yards on 27 for 422 . . . a winner . . . comes up with big play . . . made unbelieveable TD catches deep in end zone vs. Princeton and Rutgers . . . again Tigers caught 7 for 120 years and 2 TD's, ran for 36 yards and 3rd score, caght 2-point conversion pass for 20 of Lion's 22 points . . . 1st team all-Ivy as soph . . . overall had 29 catches for 443 and 4 TD's despite constant double coverage . many expect him to become top Lion career receiver before he's finished . . . ran 46 times for 147 yards and 3 TD's . . . top scorer with 44 points . . . also outstanding baseball player, making second team all-league in outfield . . . batted .298 . . . came up with clutch hits in three-game weekend sweep of Yale and Brown . . . born In New Orleans . . . father, professor at Springfield, lettered in football and track at Oberlin . . . at Classical High, Jesse won 3 letters each in football, basketball, baseball . . . won numerous honors on gridiron and diamond . . . studying psychology.


ALPHAS of THE GRIDIRON . . . In Action

Co-Capt. Brother Charlie Johnson

MIDWEST â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Brother Danny Crooks star back, University of Wisconsin.

Brother "Ted" Gregory . . . Returning an intercepted pass 56 yards for a touchdown against Princeton at Baker Field, N. Y.


Brother Ray Reed is a sophmore and a Pre-Medical student. He will be the teams No. 1 Tight End next season. He is the Social Committee Chairman. Ray is from Omaha, Nebraska. Brother George Van Amson is a sophmore and is majoring in Electrical Engineering. He plays the Wing Back position n the team. He is the President of the Class of 1974 and serves as chapter Parliamentarian. George is from Bronx, New York.

(Continued from page 32)


Brother Greg "Grape-juice" Johnson, Football and Track star, University of Wisconsin.

Brother Charles Robinson (No. 22), star back of Whitewater, Wisconsin, follows his interference for yardage.

THE NATIONAL SCENE . . (Continued from page 30)

FRITZ POLLARD well until he discovered that "a coal man" had no social status. In fact, he was introduced once at a party of people who considered the coal business demeaning and Pollard said . . . "for me that ended the coal business. It hurt my social status." Having been a slide trombone player at one time, Pollard made contacts with people in the theatrical world and learned he could make money as an agent for talent. He opened the Sun Tan Studio on 125th Street procuring talent for night clubs and theatres. Some of his talent included Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway and many who became top stars later. During this period he also made several minor movies and finally moved his office into the General Motors Building. One of his productions was called "Rocking the Blues" produced in New York. In the late forties he turned to the area of Tax Consultation and Public Relations and has pursued these areas ever since. There is a Fritz Pollard Jr. who was quite a high school and football player. All conference star at Senn High School in Chicago and played later at his father's Alma Mater, Brown University, but had academic trouble and transferred to the University of North Dakota where he became "Little All-America halfback" and

was a medal winner in the high hurdles in the Olympics of 1936 when Jesse Owens became world famous. There are three daughters . . . one eldest, Mrs. Pwendlyn Burrel, lives in the Pollard home in Evanston, Illinois and the second daughter, Leslie also lives in Evanston.

Having the honor of being the first black elected to the National Football Hall of Fame, Fritz Pollard 1954.

The youngest, Eleanor, is married to Dr. Towne in Chicago, who has a son practicing medicine and a daughter who is a college senior. The other two daughters have no children. Fritz Jr. has a son, Fritz III who is six feet, five inches tall attending high school in Maryland. The elder Pollard has already made arrangements for Fritz III to attend Brown University when he graduates from high school in 1972. The fabulous saga of Fritz Pollard would not be complete without recalling he was the first Black to ever play in the Rosebowl Game in 1916 when Brown University, because of its record was selected to play Washintgon State University. Washington won that gameHistory may never recall in detail, the fabulous story of Fritz Pollard as it has for Jim Thorpe, Red Grange, Jim Brown, Mat Snell, Fran Tarkington, Joe Namath, or Lennie Moore, but the honest story of football in America will not be complete without the story of the first Black man to do many things on a football team like leading Brown University to a 21 to 6 victory over Yale and a 21 to 0 win over Harvard in 1916. The story, of necessity to be correct, must also carry a recording of the men who earned as much for playing sixty minutes of football in 1922 as some players earn today as regular members of one of the twenty four professional football teams in the American and National Football Leagues.


AN ENLIGHTNING EXPERIENCE AT ALPHA MU On the afternoon of October 9, 1971, the Brothers of Alpha Mu chapter again manifested both the creativity and spirit which are so much a part of our Fraternity. The event was the initiation of 19 new Brothers into Alpha Phi Alpha, and the installation of a new chapter. The ceremony took place in Evanston, Illinois, and utilized the beautiful surroundings of the Alice Millar Chapel, Northwestern University. While this ceremony hailed our glorious ritual, several new innovations were added through music, attire, and facilities, the outcome — a very interesting and rewarding presentation. The ceremony commenced with Brother James C. Jones playing a prelude by J. S. Bach on the chapel pipe organ of 100 ranks. Later, Brother David A. Wright favored the audience with Brother Laurence T. Young songs from Robert Franz, Johannes Brahms, and the great Black composer, Hall Johnson. Next on program was the ritual which was read by Brother Norman Roderick Grimes. Also highlighting the occasion were Brother Sam A. Brown who played gallery trumpet in the processional, and Brother Sidney E. Brown who was featured as solo oboist in the Telemann d minor concerto. A spiritual, Soon Ah Will Be Done by Brother William L. Dawson, and our gospel selection, God Gave Me A Song by Myrna Summers were given a most exciting performance by the Sanctuary Choir. The program came to a close with all Brothers, old and new, singing the Fraternity Hymn directed by Brother John Wallace of Zeta Xi Lambda. This elaborate ceremony was devised by Brothers Roy A. Jones and James C. Jones who felt that more emphasis should be placed on the performance of our ritual. Several members of the Fraternity expressed their interest through these comments: " . . . ID my years in Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, this is indeed the most impressive initiation ceremony that I have ever witnessed." — Laurence T. Young Executive Secretary

The Sanctuary Choir sings Hosana from "King Of Kings." Left to right are Brothers Curtis Taylor, Maurice Grahm, Alfred Williams, Clyde Henderson, J. W. Winn, Darrel Leggins, and Theodore McClain.

The ceremony marked another milestone in the history of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, not only because of it's uniqueness, but also because on this day we welcomed another chapter (Eta Tau) into our midst. Eta Tau entered the Fraternity as the ninth college chapter in the State of Illinois, located at Normal. The sponsoring chapter was Epsilon Kappa, Bradley University. Without their help and unstinted cooperation the ceremony would have lacked the dynamic impact that it displayed. The charter was bestowed upon Illinois State University by Dr. Laurence T. Young. This program has been very controversial among the members of the Fraternity, so we hope to perform the ceremony at the Sixty-Sixth Anniversity Convention, Denver, 1972, so that all of our Brothers may share with us in this enlightning experience. Sidney E. Brown

". . I would hope that activities such as this would be chronicled, so that other chapters might follow and utilize some of the rich history in the initiation rites that would be most impressive on the new members." — A. Maceo Smith General President 1952-1954 ". . .Your chapter is to be congratulated on the very fine program you have. When I revise Sphinx Manual, I would like to include a sample if your chapter approves." — Moses General Miles Editor, Sphinx Manual 34

A dramatic point was the burning of the ritual. Left to right are Brothers Norman R. Grimes, Warren Rayford, Gordon Johnson, and Jerome Adams.

Chapter Activities Mississippi's Alpha Get Together Recently the Brothers of Delta Phi Chapter (Jackson State), Gamma Upsilon (Tougaloo College) and Zeta Phi (Mississippi Valley State) were hosted by Delta Kappa Chapter of Alcorn A & M College. The meeting was initiated as a kind of get to know your brothers day. Along with the Brothers came members of Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority from all of the colleges. It was a day of fun and relaxation, as we watched the football game between Mississippi Valley and Alcorn. The day was topped off by a party in the evening and a state meeting of all undergraduate chapters' officers. We are constantly striving for the betterment of mankind and to maintain the principles of which Alpha was founded. Right On! Brother Harvey L. Westbrook Editor-to-Sphinx, Delta Phi Chapter Jackson State College Jackson, Mississippi 39217

Gamma Eta Chapter Brothers: On April 24, 1971, the Brothers of Gamma Eta Chapter, received eighteen new Brothers into the Fraternal Brotherhood of Alpha Phi Alpha. These new Brothers are (1) Dan Plair, (2) Derrick Clancy, (3) Mac Washington, (4) Darral Britt, (5) Willie Simmons, (6) Cozy Baker, (7) Dwight Walker, (8) Joe Curry, (9) Willie Kennie, (10) George Ben, (11) Keith Smith, (12) Dave Shelton, (13) Wayne Walker, (14) Eddie Lucas, (15) Mark Edwards, (16) John McCorkel, (17) Kelton Drewy, and (18) Cornell Collins. Fraternally yours, Mark M. Edwards Corresponding Secretary

Beta Epsilon Chapter Re-Activated On the 22nd day of May 1971, a dream held by Alpha Brother in Buffalo finally materialized. After several years of inactivity local brothers of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity have recently re-activated Delta Epsilon Chapter. The chapter consist of brothers from Buffalo State College and University of Buffalo. Brothers initiated at time of re-activation were Alvion Johnson III, Huron O. Hill II, Joe C. Forman, Robert E. Feild, Lenoard C. Johnson, Jerry J. Blue, plus Robert Mouzon formerly of Zeta Delta Chapter. Fraternally yours Jerry J. Blue Assoc. Editor of Sphinx

IOTA PSI LAMBDA CHAPTER The Iota Psi Lambda Chapter was established in Albuquerque, New Mexico early in 1971. Although the chapter began with only seven members, interested Alphas in the area have now caused the membership to double with the potential for even greater membership existing in the surrounding area. The first months of existence have found the chapter engaged in organizing, establishing goals and recruiting Alpha's who exist in the area. Of specific interest is the goals of Iota Psi Lambda Chapter in its' attempt to help the Black community: 1. The establishment of an undergraduate chapter of APA in the Albuquerque area. The Universities of New Mexico and Albuquerque provide fertile grounds for the establishment of a chapter or chapters. This is the first and foremost goal of the chapter. 2. The second goal is that of establishing a counseling service for high school and college students. Desired are methods of identifying, assisting; resolving and anticipating student problems. 3. The third goal is that of promot-

Beta Phi Lambda to Host Southern Region Convention It has been a span of twelve years since the Southern region last convened at Savannah, Ga. However, the brothers of Beta Phi Lambda chapter are striving and looking on with great expectations of making this convention an outstanding and fruitful gathering. The conventions' headquarters for business and many of the activities will be at the beautiful De Soto Hilton Hotel. In cooperation with Delta Eta chapter at Savanah State College, numerous committees have been formed and at work to carry out the operations for the convention. Another activity of Beta Phi Lambda Chapter is our annual debutantes ball which is held during the Christmas holidays. More about both of these events will be covered in the next writing. Submitted by, Bro. Lawrence Hutchins, Jr. ing the Black news media. Of special interest is the New Breed which is a local paper, and Black World on the national level. Local distribution as well as local awareness of these publications is limited. 4. The establishment of Black investment organizations is the fourth goal. Albuquerque being a growing metroplis provides a cross section of interests and potential investment opportunities. 5. The next goal is the formation of a job placement service for Blacks, or a means of assisting Blacks in the location of, qualification for, and placement in jobs. A more far reaching part of this goal is the attainment of a greater and more proportional ratio of Blacks into the working labor market. 6. Since there are other Black organizations in the Albuquerque area, another goal is that of establishing close ties with them. Of particular interest will be common goals and methods of attainment. 7. The last goal is the establishment of a Black library and movie outlet in this area to circulate Black contemporary writings and films. 35

Eta Pi Lambda Chapter

Epsilon Omicron Lambda Alphas Honor Male Scholars

SOUTH HILL â&#x20AC;&#x201D; In keeping with one of its cardinal principles, Scholarship, Epsilon Omicron Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. honored the male students from Southside Virginia High Schools who will graduate in the class of 1971 with a B or above average. The honorees were invited to a dinner meeting at the South Hill Motel restaurant and were presented certificates noting their academic achievements throughout their high school careers. Representing Park View Senior High were John Locks, Chris Curtis, Lou Tanner, Chuck Lynn, and Benny George. Lawrence Coleman and Timothy Orgain represented Brunswick Senior High of Lawrenceville. Greensville, Bluestone, Central, and Nottaway high schools were not represented. This event is sponsored annually by Epsilon Omicron Lambda under its "Outreach" portfolio and is intended to recognize deserving young men for academic progress and to offer encouragement for continued success in education. It is also desired that this program will serve as an incentive to other young men to concern themselves with academic excellence. The chairman of this year's honors dinner was W. J. "Bill" Short.

Brother Branson (Continued from page 19) Brother Branson graduated from the University of Pittsburgh, received his bachelor of science degree from Virginia State College and his doctor of science degree from the University of Cincinnati in 1939. He is a member of the Committee on Cultural Affairs of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities, the Board of National Medical Fellowships, Inc. President of the National Association of Equal Opportunity is Education; the Board of Directors for Africa Services Center, Philadelphia, and the Advisory Council on Regional Medical Programs, Public Health Service, Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Lincoln University founded in 1854, is usually considered the oldest college in the United States having as its original purpose the higher education of black youth. 36


The Eta Pi Lambda Chapter, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, the Graduate Chapter of Pasadena-Altadena area presents three $100 scholarships to graduating seniors. Left to right: Louis K. Harris, President Eta Pi Lambda Chapter; Steve Harris, John Muir High School; James Jackson, Jr. Blair High School; Curtis Tomlin, Pasadena High School and Ray W. Bartlett, Administrative Assistant to Supervisor Warren Dorn and member of local chapter. The local chapter is carrying out the principles of the fraternity by promoting, encouraging and recognizing excellence in scholastic achievement. Steve Harris and Curtis Tomlin are Altadena residents; Jackson lives in Pasadena.

DID YOU GIVE TO YOUR FAVORITE CHARITY THIS CHRISTMAS?? Progress and Problems of Blacks (Continued from page 23) Voting and Public Office Approximately 60 percent of Negroes were registered to vote in 1970, about the same proportion as in 1966; about 44 percent reported that they had actually voted. These figures compare with about 70 percent of whites who registered and 56 percent who reported voting in 1970. An increasing proportion of blacks have been elected to public office. Between 1962 and 1970, the number of blacks elected to the Congress of the United States has increased from four Congressmen to 13 Congressmen and one Senator, and the number elected to State legislatures has increased from 52 to 198. There are now 81 black mayors

and 1,567 blacks elected to other State or local offices â&#x20AC;&#x201D; about half of them in the South. Changes in these and other measurable aspects of the living conditions of Negroes in the United States in 1970 are indicated in the tables of the report. Copies of the report, Social and Economic Status of Negroes in the United States, 1970, P-23, No. 38, BLS No. 394, are available at $1.25 each from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Governmennt Printing Office, Washington, D. C , 20402, or from the Department of Commerce Field Offices in major cities of the U. S.

Oklahoma Honors McLAURIN FAMILY Oklahoma City, Okla.â&#x20AC;&#x201D;In a special press conference, jointly called by Oklahoma's Governor Hall and the only state Black Senator, Melvin Porter, the Governor announced that the House and the Senate had passed concurrent resolutions memorializing the "educational and cultural contributions which have been made to the state of Oklahoma by the entire McLaurin Family, and by G. W. McLaurin in particular." This was the first time any such action has been taken by a state legislature honoring a black family. The occasion was the state's official expression of regrets and condolences upon the death of the third member of the family. Phyllis Cardeza McLaurin, who was buried in Oklahoma in services on May 5. Miss McLaurin was the sister of Brother Dunbar S. McLaurin. Miss McLaurin, who resumed her maiden name after a brief marriage, died the previous week in California. Her body was brought to Oklahoma for burial in accordance with the wishes previously expressed by the then Governor Dewey Bartlett of Oklahoma when her father died in 1968, that his body and all of the McLaurins be returned to "their native soil" of Oklahoma to be buried. Establish Plot The community has since established a McLaurin Memorial Plot in Trice Cemetery in Oklahoma City. At the time of the death of George W. McLaurin, the City Housing Authority executed another "first" by a Resolution naming a housing project in his honor. The honoring of the McLaurin family stems from their continuing efforts to integrate the schools of Oklahoma, beginning with Mrs. McLaurin, who in 1921 became the first Black to seek admittance at a white southern school. She was laughed at and it was called ridiculous. Their efforts continued, however, and finally culminated in the famous "McLaurin vs Oklahoma" case in the late 1940's. In that case the father, G. W. McLaurin, was finally admitted as tne first Black to the University of Oklahoma.

ETA ETA LAMBDA NEWS Annapolis, Maryland

Brother Robert Haygood

Miss Phyliss McLaurin

He was represented by the NAACP and a battery of attorneys who have now become judges and achieved other fame, including Arthur Goldberg and Thurgood Marshall of the U. S. Supreme Court, and Amos T. Hall, the first black Asst. District Judge in Oklahoma. A.B.A. plus 16 Phyllis Cardeza McLaurin, like her brothers, made history by receiving her high school diploma at 12. At 16 she received her A.B. Degree and by 17 she had her A.M. from Howard. She was a teacher in the public schools of Los Angeles until her lengthy and terminal illness of few weeks ago. She is survived by two brothers, Prof. Joffrey McLaurin in Los Angeles, and Brother Dunbar S. McLaurin, wellknown economist and attorney, who has been credited with starting more black banks than any other person, including Freedom National. He recently received approval for a second black bank, Universal National, which he is seeking to locate in the Wall Street area.

April 3, 1971, the members of this chapter visited the home of our Jewel Brother Henry A. Callis. This visit was most rewarding to all of the Brothers who were able to go because they were able to see him; talk with him, listen to the many challenges that confronted him and the deceased Jewel Brothers and most of all encouragement to our chapter to continue to do the things that we are doing and send our information to the national office for publication. This June will complete a $2,000.00 scholarship that was awarded a student from our immediate area four years ago. We are very proud of our student because during the four years of his studies he was on the dean's list at Tennessee State University. Last October a new program was started by the chapter called OPERATION K.A.F.T. WITH THE L E T T E R S MEANING KEEPING A FAMILY TOGETHER. This program is designed to adopt and help a family financially ($500.00 a year with a fiscal advisor from the chapter), tutorial services and assistance in finding those agencies that will help them secure glasses, shoes, etc. Some months members of this chapter buy items for the family on a voluntary basis. Our family has five children that attend the public schools within our community, one child in college on a partial scholarship and a child who works, lives at home, but can contribute little to the financially deprived family. The mother's yearly salary is approximately $1,800.00. In as much that we are a small chapter, we feel that we must begin to put back into the community funds that will help our fellow man live a better life, also we hope that other chapters who do not have projects would consider doing something similar to enhance the living conditions of others in our community. This program was written, coordinated with the chapter programs, local and federal agency in the area and serving as fiscal advisor to the family for the chapter by Brother William A. Hayes.



Memorial Services Held

Los Angeles, California

at New Jersey Conclave

Brother William H. Spigener

Brother William H. Spigener passed into Omega Chapter, apparently of a heart attack, September 1, 1971 in Los Angeles, California. A native of Kansas City, Missouri, Brother Spigener and Brother Lionel H. Newsom, Past General President of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, were in the same Pledge Club at Lincoln University. Both brothers were initiated in 1936, Brother Spigener received Pass Card No. 1113 and Brother Newsom received Pass Card No. 1116, Alpha Psi Chapter. Brother Spigener continued his education at Catholic University of Ameri-

BROTHER A. L MORGAN Recently, the chapter lost a brother to the Omega chapter. He is A. L. Morgan, former principal of Marion Anderson Jr. High School. Brother A. L. Morgan, upon retiring from his work as an educator was recognized on Morgan Day, May 2, 1971, as proclaimed by the mayor Robert J. LaFortune, of the city of Tulsa. Brother Morgan retired May 29, and expired July 3, 1971. Another brother no longer connected with the chapter is Tollie W. Harris. He is now living in Los Angeles, Cali-


ca, where he received a Master Degree in Science. With a special interest in mathmatics and science, he served ten years as a statistician in the War Department. Later embarking on a career in education, he accepted a position on the faculty at the Agriculture and Technical College of Greensboro, North Carolina. For two years, he served as Chairman of the Science Department. In many instances, he discovered the poor preparation of his students for careers in science. The question was, "How can I best serve?" Thus in the tradition of Alpha Phi Alpha, the true spirit of the Fraternity ruled his heart, guided his thoughts to help the needy and uplift the common whole. His qualified knowledge of science was transferred to the students in the public school system of Los Angeles, California. During that time he established himself as a sincere, friendly and effective teacher. His passing has been deeply felt by his colleagues and students, where he taught for the past fourteen years. Regretfully, Brother Spigener did not have a longer period of time to contribute his efforts to the Los Angeles Public Schools and the communities in which he served. He was actively identified with the Lutheran Church. Brother Spigener's passing will be a loss to all who knew him. He is survived by his wife, Ida (Nee Bryant).

Alpha Tau Lambda fornia, and Washington, D.C. with his son Dr. William Lewis Harris, and his daughter Marie The brothers of Alpha Tau Lambda send greetings to all the brothers in America. An invitation is extended all brothers to participate and share in the wonderful social experience at the state dance for Alpha men. The annual state dance will be given at the Tulsa Civic Center. Sincerely, Robert L. Fairchild Associate Editor of Sphinx

Brother Marion B. Frederick

Brother Marion B. Frederick, died suddenly of a heart attack on November 4, shortly before he was to address the New Jersey Conclave of Alphas. Hs was former president of Alpha Alpha Lambda Chapter. His passing cast g'oom over the conclave, where silence was observed in his memory. Brother Frederick was a graduate of Fisk University and attended Newark State College for graduate study. Before coming to Newark, Brother Frederick taught in the public schools of Florida. Later he taught in the East Orange Public Schools. He was a member of Medical Heights Development Company, Inc., and recently begun an active role in public housing under SEPIA plan. Brother Frederick is survived by his wife Gladys, Gilbert Ferguson, a brother and Mark, his son. Brother Carlisle Parker, present chapter president presided over the memorial services preceding the funeral rites. Brother Frederick lived at 367 Seymour Ave., Newark, New Jersey.



Brother Cornelius Fentress

Alfred Cornelius Fentress was born to the late Mr. and Mrs. Walter D. Fentress of Norfolk, Va. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree from Virginia Union University. He continued his studies at Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tenn., from which he also graduated with honors. After completing his internship at Hubbard Memorial Hospital in Nashville, Tenn., he returned to Norfolk to establish the practice of medicine as a physician and surgeon. Bro. Fentress was a past president of the Norfolk Medical Society and the Old Dominion Medical Society. He was a member and past officer of the National Medical Association, a life member of the N.A.A.C.P., Kit Kats of Norfolk, the Hundred Men's Club of America, the Y.M.C.A., and the Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity. He served as Eastern Vice-President and was honored as its "Man of the Year in 1969." Bro. Fentress maintained membership at Bute Street Baptist Church where he served as a member of the Trustee Board. Death came suddenly to Bro. Fentress on Tuesday, August 10, 1971, at the Philadelphia General Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa., while attending the 76th Annual Convention of the National Medical Association. (Continued on page 40)

Fort Pierce, Fla. â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Funeral services were held recently for Brother James M. Young, a dentist, who collapsed and died on May 6, 1971. Brother Young was born to the late Mr. and Mrs. Obie Young of Live Oak, Florida on February 21, 1921. His early years of schooling were done in West Palm Beach, Florida. He graduated from Industrial High School in 1939. He received his B.S. Degree from Florida A & M College and his degree in Dentistry at Howard University, Washington, D. C. He was a member of many professional, civic and fraternal organizations. He was a member of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, initiated in Beta Nu Chapter, Florida A & M College. He was the first black to ever seek a public office in Fort Pierce in 1964. He, however, was defeated. But his pioneer move led to another black, incumbent Jackie Caynon, to gain a seat on the Fort Pierce City Commission in 1966. At the time of his death, in addition to his practice, he was in charge of the Dental Program for Migrant in St. Lucie County. Brother Young leaves to mourn a devoted wife, Mrs. Hazel V. Young; six children, one sister and one brother. Reflecting his love of humanity, exemplified in his compassion on and interest in people, hundreds of mourners attended the last rites at St. Paul A.M.E. Church.


Brother Clyde Donnell

What do you say about a brother such as Dr. Clyde Donnell? The brilliant young student crossed the burning sands in 1909, only three years after the fraternity's founding. He was an active brother for 62 years. He was a physician, business man, executive, and humanitarian. His citations are quite numerous. For a number of years he served as a practicing physician and Vice President and Medical Director of the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Mechanics and Farmers Bank, President of the Board of Trustees of Lincoln Hospital, and members of the Board of Directors of Mutual Savings and Loan Association. For a number of years, brother Donnell served as Secretary of the Old North State Medical Society. Brother Donnell had the Biltmore Hotel constructed at a time when hotel facilities were not available to blacks, along with the Biltmore Drug Company which is now known as the Garrett-Biltmore Drug Company. He also pioneered in low-income rental housing for blacks with his "Martha" Apartments. He was an active member of Saint Joseph's AME Church. 39

Brother Clyde Donnell

EDUCATION FOUNDATION NEWS (Continued from page 18)

(Continued from page 39) Brother Dr. Clyde Donnell was born in Greensboro, North Carolina August 4, 1890 and departed this life October 10, 1971 at Duke Medical Center He was graduated from A & T State University in 1907 with the B.S. Degree, graduated from Howard University in 1911 with the B.A. Degree, and from Harvard University Medical School in 1915 with the M.D. Degree. He did post-graduate work at Harvard in 1922, 1924, and in 1932 in X-Ray and Physiotherapy. Former Mayor of Durham, E. J. Evans said, "Dr. Donnell's service as Chairman of the Board of Lincoln Hispital and Chairman of the Board of Mechanics and Farmers Bank, along with scores of other accomplishments in business and medicine, are clear indication of the remarkable versatility of the man." Brother Donnel enlisted the aid of Dr. Frank Graham of the University of North Carolina, who appointed a Committee in Health Education and Race Relations. This committee sponsored graduate seminars for black physicians in the Carolinas and Virginia for 32 years. Dr. Donnell was a long time leader in the continuing education of black physicians. He pioneered in the study of the causes of adverse mortality and morbidity in the black population. He spearheaded the formation of projects and programs for general health education among black citizens as well as continuing education of black physicians. An Editorial in the Carolina Times said, "Dr. Donnell's love for Lincoln Hospital and its training of members of the Nursing and Medical Professions was most evident. He gave liberally of his means to upbuilding Lincoln Hospital." The Reverend Brother J. A. Bethea, Pastor, Saint Matthews Methodist Church in Greensboro, North Carolina gave the prayer at the funeral services, and the Reverend Brother Phillip Cousin of Saint Joseph's AME Church in Durham gave the Eulogy. "He walked with kings but did not lose the common touch" is an excerpt from his Eulogy. Interment was in Beechwood Cemetery in Durham, North Carolina. Ross E. Townes, Editor Beta Theta Lambda Chapter Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Durham, North Carolina



ELIGIBILITY Applicants must be bonafide students of at least Sophomore or Junior standing at an accredited college or university, and an active member of a college chapter of the Fraternity at the time of the application, or at the time of the award. Scholarships will be made on the basis of scholastic excellence and need. Applicants must be of good moral character, and have academic promise.


APPLICATIONS Applications may be secured from the General Office of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., 4432 Martin Luther King Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60653. The stipulated use of such funds will be for tuition and books. Announcement of recipients of awards will be made at the 66th Anniversary Convention of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity in Denver, Colorado. Candidates shall submit applications to be considered by the Education Foundation together with official transcript of records, certified by the Registrar of the institution. All completed forms, transcripts, letters of recommendation and other comments to be forwarded to the General Office as stated above. Transcripts must include grades for the current academic year. DEAD LINE FOR RECEIVING APPLICATIONS WITH SUPPORTING DATA IS JUNE 30, 1972 DIRECTOR OF EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES

BROTHER FENTRESS (Continued from page 39) He is survived by his devoted wife, the former Alethia Hamm; a foster son, Baxter Gee, Washington, D.C.; a foster daughter, Mrs. La Verne Gee Bailey, Inglewood, California; two sisters, Mrs. Mildred F. Price, Norfolk and Mrs. Bellwood F. Raney, Portsmouth; two

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nieces, Mrs. Mary R. Dixon and Mrs. Bellwood Melchor, Portsmouth, and two foster grandchildren, Judith LaVerne Gee and Kerri Yvonne Bailey; several grand nieces and grand nephews and a host of relatives and friends




Name of deceased Brother


Chapter j Address

Date of Death .


City and State Name of Sendee


Zone Address

Enclose Glossy Photograph of the Deceased. Mail to: Editor of Sphinx, 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, Illinois 60615

In this instance, we are lifting a complete house to demonstrate a new concept of aerial delivery of assembly line-produced dwellings from factory to homesite. B u t . . . this same Sikorsky* helicopter could have been effecting a rescue mission off a wallowing tanker in a North Sea gale. It could have been airlifting food and supplies to starving villagers in flood-ravaged Tunisia . . . or transporting equipment for on-the-spot control of off-shore oil pollution.

Transports-designed to ease short-haul mass transportation headaches. Does this kind of engineering attitude stir your sense of responsibility and imagination? Then you should talk careers with us. There's ample opportunity for innovation in: autonavigation systems • avionics • computer technology • electronic test • materials engineering • mechanical analytical design • structures engineering • systems analysis . . . and more.

Obviously, what we're pointing out is the impressive record and adaptability of our helicopters in solving really important human problems.

Female, minority group and veteran applicants cially welcome.

There's much more to come in our world of exciting, advanced VTOL aircraft systems. For example, HeavyLift Skycranes® and Tilt-Rotor Transports. And just around the corner are our High-Speed Commercial

Please submit your resume, stating salary requirements, to: MR. LEO J. SHALVOY Professional and Technical Employment

Sikorsky Rircraft S T R A T F O R D , C O N N E C T I C U T 0 6 6 0 2 An Equal Opportunit



The Sphinx 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive Chicago, Illinois 60653

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May the Christmas season bring to each of you new hope for the future and the joys that you seek, and may the spirit of the Christ • Child ever reign in your hearts. May the New Year be filled with happiness, love and the host of things that make for the fullness of a fruitful and useful life.

From Jewel Henry A. Gzllis, The Sphinx Staff and General Officers

The SPHINX | Winter 1971 | Volume 57 | Number 4 197105704  

General President Ernest N. Morial Speaks. Early Days of the Founders. College Chapters featured. Additional housing projects.