Page 1

A l p h a Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc



• ALPHA ... • KAPPA ... W OMEGA ... F SIGMA . . . He was too young . . .

1 w

he died in Jackson, Miss.


In This Issue . . . ':,«*iiHjji J

• The Jackson Story • Howard University • Black Naval Officers


ALPHA PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY, INC National Headquarters / 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Drive / Chicago, Illinois



A. Callis


E Street,




Officers General President — Ernest N. Morlal 1821 Orleans Avenue, New Orleans, La General Treasurer — Leven C. Weiss 4676 West Outer Drive, Detroit, Michigan Comptroller — Isidor J . LaMothe, Jr 1407 University Avenue, Marshall, Texsa General Counsel — Morris M. Hatched 1456 E. Adelaide, St. Louis, Missouri Editor, "The Sphinx" — J . Herbert King 4728 Drexel Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois Executive Secretary — Laurence T. Young. . .4432 Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive, Chicago, Illinois

70116 48235 75670 63107 60615 60653

Vice Presidents Eastern — W. Decker Clarke M i d w e s t e r n — Gus T. Ridgel Southern — Bennie J . Harris Southwestern — Lillard G. Ashley, Sr Western — C. Paul Johnson

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Assistant Vice Presidents Eastern — Bobby Jones Midwestern — Carl W. McCoy Southern — Douglas Stokes Southwestern — William Holden Western — Fritzic Allen

Contributing Editors Malvin R. Goode, Martin L. Harvey, L. W. Jeffries, Eddie L. Madison, Frank L. Stanley, Sr., Art Sears, Jr., L. H. Stanton, Charles Wesley, Randolph White, O. Wilson Winters, Laurence T. Young, George M. Daniels. Editorial Advisory Committee Frank Ellis, Malvin R. Goode, Marshall Harris, John H. Johnson, Moss H. Kendrix, Belford V. Lawson, Samuel A. Madden, J. E. Martin, Lionel H. Newsom, Gus T. Ridgel. Staff Photographer Henry Crawford The Sphinx is the official magazine of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Dr., Chicago, III., with editorial offices at 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, III. 60615. Published four times a year: February, May, October and December. Address all editorial mail to 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, III. 60615. Change of Address: Send both addresses to Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King Drive, Chicago, III. Manuscripts or art submitted to The Sphinx should be accompanied by addressed envelopes and return postage. Editor assumes no responsibility for return of unsolicited manuscripts or art. Opinions expressed in columns and articles do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., and use of any person's name in fiction, semi-fiction articles or humorous features is to be regarded as a coincidence and not as the responsibility of The Sphinx. It is never done knowingly. Copyright 1970 by The Sphinx, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Reproduction or use, without written permission, of the editorial or pictorial content in any manner is prohibited.

3253 Yale Station, New Haven, Connecticut 7313 S. Perry Avenue, Chicago, Illinois Knoxville College, Knoxville, Tennessee Box 4598, Arkansas A & M College, Pine Bluff, Arkansas 613 Johnson Drive, Richmond, California

06520 60621 37921 71601 94806

Committee Chairmen Committee on Standards 4 Extension — Wayne C. Chandler

2913 N.E. 18th, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73111 William M. Alexander, 4272 Washington Blvd., St. Louis, Missocri 63108 Historical Commission — Charles H. Wesley 1824 Taylor Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20018 Committee on Publications — Moses General Miles Florida A & M University, Tallahassee, Florida 32307 Committee on Awards & Achievement — Arnold W. Wright, Sr 311 Cold Harbor Drive, Frankfort, Kentucky 30601 Committee on Rules and Credentials — Andrew J . Lewis, II 2861 Engle Road, N.W., Atlanta, Georgia 30318 Director-Education Foundation — Thomas D. Pawley, III 1014 Lafayette Street. Jefferson City, Missouri 65101 Committee on Housing & Building Foundation

REGIONAL DIRECTORS Eastern Region New Jersey — Bro. Leon Sweeny Maryland — Bro. Charles P. Howard, Jr Connecticut — Bro. Otha N. Brown, Jr New York — Bro. Clarence Jacobs Pennsylvania — Bro. Frank E. Devlne Virginia — Bro. Talmage Tabb Massachusetts — Bro. James Howard Rhode Island — Bro. Ralph Allen

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M i d w e s t e r n Region Northern Indiana — Bro. William J . Bolden 3157 West 19th Avenue, Gary, Indiana Northwest Ohio — Bro. Robert Stubbleford 1340 West Woodruff, Toledo, Ohio Northeastern Ohio — Bro. Curtis Washington 889 Hartford, Akron, Ohio Central Ohio — Bro. Oliver Sumlin 2427 Hoover Avenue, Dayton, Ohio West Missouri-Kansas — Bro. Jimmie L. Buford 2645 Lorkrldge Avenue, Kansas Ciity, Mo. Eastern Missouri — Bro. Clifton Bailey 3338A Aubert Avenue, St. Louis 15, Mo. Northern Michigan — Bro. W. Wilbertorce Plummer . 6 5 4 Wealthy Street, N. E., Grand Rapids, Mich. West Michigan — Bro. William Boards, Jr 680 W. Van Buren Street, Battle Creek, Mich. Southern Michigan — Bro. Robert J . Chlllison, II 16155 Normandy, Detroit, Michigan Southwest Ohio — Bro. Holloway Sells 699 N. Crescent Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio Iowa — Bro. Everett A. Mays 701 Hull Avenue, Des Moines, Iowa 50316 Southern Illinois — Bro. Harold Thomas 1731 Gaty Avenue, East St. Louis, Illinois Northern Illinois — Bro. J . Herbert King 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, Illinois 60615 Kentucky — Bro. Waverly B. Johnson 1306 Cecil Avenue, Louisville, Kentucky Wisconsin — Bro. Hoyt Harper 5344 N. 64th, Milwaukee, Wis. Central Missouri — Bro. Nathaniel R. Goldston, III Lincoln University, Jefferson City, Mo. 65101 West Virginia — Bro. J . A. Shelton Post Office Box, 314 Welch, West Va. Southern Indiana — Bro. Theodore Randall 3810 Rockwood Avenue, Indianapolis, Indiana Nebraska — Bro. Thomas A. Phillips 3116 North 16th Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68110 Regional Secretary — Bro. Cramon Myers 404 West 44th Street. Indianapolis, Indiana Regional Counsel — Bro. James R. Williams 978 Dover, Akron, Ohio 44320 Southwestern Region Oklahoma — Bro. Vernon L. Foshee Louisiana — Bro. Elliot J . Keyes Arkansas — Bro. T. E. Patterson Texas — Bro. Reby Cary Texas — Bro. Victor Smith Arkansas — Bro. M. L. Fridla Arkansas — Bro. George Howard At-Large — Bro. Paul Smith

725 Terrace Blvd., Muskogee, Oklahoma 7462 Benjamin St., New Orleans, Louisiana 1624 W. 21st St., Little Rock, Arkansas 1804 Bunche Dr., Ft. Worth, Texas 2004 N. Adams, Amarlllo. Texas 1200 Pulaski, Little Rock, Ark. 60 Watson Blvd., Pine Bluff, Ark. Ark. A and M College, Pine Bluff, Ark. Southern Region

The Sphinx has been published continuously since 1914. Organizing Editor: Bro. Raymond W. Cannon. Organizing General President: Bro. Henry Lake Dickason.

Alabama — Bro. Kirkwood Balton Florida — Bro. Dr. Robert L. Smith Georgia — Bro. Dr. Henry M. Collier, Jr Alabama — Bro. John H. Montgomery Mississippi — Bro. Terrel J . Ranee North Carolina — Bro. J . E. Burke South Carolina — Bro. W. J . Davis, Jr Tennessee — Bro. Charles H. Tarpley

Second class postage paid at Chicago, III. Postmaster: Send form 3579 and all correspondence, 4728 Drexel Blvd., Chicago, III. 60615.

W e s t e r n Region Northwest District Director — Bro. Clifford E. Donley Southwest District Director — Bro. Floyd Plymouth Central District Director — Bro. Clifford W. Basfield Southern District Director — Bro. Clyde C. Osborne

408 Tenth Court West, Birmingham, Ala. 431 Rosemary Ave.. West Palm Beach, Fla. 1827 Mills B: Lane Ave:, Savannah, Ga: P. O. Box 243, Daphne, Alabama P. 0 . Box 732, Brookhaven, Mississippi 920 Hadley Road, Raleigh, N. Carolina 4509 Williamsburg Drive, Columbia, S:C: 1429 South Parkway, Memphis, Tenn. 347 29th, 1940 Leona St., 2245 E. 11th 5467 Bradna,

Seattle, Washington Las Vegas, Nevada St., Stockton, Calif. Los Angeles, Calif.



ALPHA PHI ALPHA FRATERNITY, INC. THERE GOES AN ALPHA MAN There goes a man of high impulse Of princely mien and grace There goes a man of humble faith A credit to his race There goes a man of conscience vast with will to reach his goal There goes a man of lordly rank Of heroes' stock and soul— There goes a man of noble caste Whom hardship cannot break There goes a man in merit clad Whom duty won't forsake There goes a man in cultured verse Who holds a sportsman's creed There goes a man too vigilant To bow to lust or greed There goes a man whose life is spent in service not in scorn There goes a man whose majesty Shines like a May time

There goes a man who is a friend To love and duty truth There goes a man to help uplift The lives of wholesome youth There goes a man with industry and faith at his command. There goes the best man in and out For he is an Alpha Man.

Volume 56

Number 2

May-June 1970




CONTENTS Dedication General President Speaks MLK Scholarships Brother Richard V. Moore Howard University Brother Felton G. Clark Chapter News Alphas at Yale '15 Pride of Black and Gold Alpha Naval Officers Massacre at Jackson State Black College Presidents Meeting Convention Program Chapter News Zeta Tau Military News Brother Frank Prince Omega Chapter

This Issue — C O V E R

2 3 5

g 9

*Q 12 15

jg j 7 23 26 32 34 3g 38 40


To a high school student, James Earl Greene. He is dead now . . . Mississippi "law enforcement" officers killed him. His only crime . . . "Taking a short cut home from his after-school part-time job." Walking across the campus of Jackson State College, he was caught in the middle of shots fired by angry men in the name of "law and order." The list of young people killed by authorized "gun-toters" is getting longer. The flagrant abuse of students must be stopped. Bullets will not solve the problem of campus unrest. Let us eradicate the CAUSE and get on with the business of EDUCATION. . . . The result will be . . . . A BETTER WORLD FOR ALL OF US.

Husband and Wife Team Receives Doctors Degrees

THE GENERAL PRESIDENT SPEAKS . . . General President E r n e s t N . Morial congratulations, Brother Buckner: We must recognize the fact that the 64th Anniversary convention is being held in Philadelphia, and Brother O. Wilson, Life Member No. 1, resides there. Congratulations are in order to Brother Winters. Let us celebrate this momentous occasion at the "Life Members Breakfast. I,0».L SE»V,C£







1 5 0 NEW L I F E







G O A L IN A U G U S T 1 9 6 7 A T


A N D AN A D D I T I O N A L $ 3 0 , 0 0 0 . 00









MARCH 23,1970








FRATERNALLY, Life Member's Breakfast 64th Anniversary Convention Phila. Pa July 31-Aug 6,1970 Sheraton Room - Sheraton Hotel Eight o'clock A. M. $3-75


Editor's Note: (Editorial from Afro-American Newspaper) Read this newspaper account of our General President's fight for HUMAN DIGNITY in the Louisiana Legislature.

Superior' White Blood Their ears filled with racist, white supremacy propaganda, the Louisiana House of Representatives has retained the system of labeling blood in its state hospitals either black or white. It would have required 53 votes to pass the resolution by black Rep Ernest Morial of New Orleans that sought to repeal the 20-yearold law requiring racial tags. Morial said a change was necessary to meet standards of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare and save the state $50 million. The vote was 43-30 in favor of the resolution. , . a ., .. mm. nn Rep Archie Davis said he'd rather see his family die and go to eternity than have a drop of nigger blood. Rep. T. C. Brister called segregated blood supplies a freedom of choice matter. (Continued on page 3) 2

Brother and Mrs. Ernest Dees

Brother and Mrs. Earnest Dees, both Professors at Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University, were awarded Doctors of Education degrees by the University of Alabama at Education degrees by the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa, Alabama during the recent Spring Commencement. Dr. Constance Yvonne Dees, who is a professor in the School of Business and Economics at A & M University, was the recipient of a National Defense Education Act Title IV Fellowship to do doctoral study in the field of Curriculum Study and Research. Brother Doctor Earnest Dees, Director of Student Teaching at A & M University, was a recipient of an Advance-Study Fellowship for Black Faculty Members from the Ford Foundation for doctoral study also in the field of Curriculum Study and Research. Brother Doctor Dees served as the chapter Sechetary and advisor to the university brothers chapter on the campus of A & M University. (Continued on page 4)

Brother Bianchet Named to

Brother Martin L King Scholarship

Nixon Advisory Panel

Left to right: Brother Norman Francis, President, Xavier University; Brother J. 0. Richards Jr., director, the Dr. Martin Luther King Scholarship Foundation, Sigma Lambda Chapter, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.; Brother Broadus N. Butler, President, Dlllard University, and Dr. E. W. Bashful, Vice-President, Southern Univesrity in New Orleans. Brother W. W. E. Bianchet

Dr. W. W. E. Bianchet, president of Fort Valley State College, has been named by President Nixon to serve on the National Advisory Council on the Education of Disadvantaged Children. Nixon announced that he is replacing all but one of the 12 members of the council, which reviews what is the federal government's largest education program — special compensatory education projects for more than 7.5 million of the nation's poorest children. Dr. Bianchet said, "I have to learn some of the details of the council, and certainly I will do all that I can to be an effective member of the council." Born in New Orleans, La., where he attended elementary and high school, he received an A. B. degree at Talladega College at Talladega, Ala.; M. S. and Ph. D. degrees from the University of Michigan, where he was elected to the honor society of Phi Kappa Phi. Dr. Bianchet moved to Fort Valley in 1932 to teach science at Ft. Valley Normal and Industrial School (then a private school under the auspices of the Episcopal Church, and taken over in 1939 by the state and renamed Fort Valley State College). In 1936 he became dean and teacher of science and in 1939 was named administrative dean and professor of Physical Science. He was appointed college president in 1966. The educator, 59, is married to Mrs. Josephine Lavizzo Bianchet, formerly of (Continued on page 15)

Three New Orleans institutions of higher learning shared in the distribution of funds by the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Scholarship and Student Aid Funds of Sigma Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorporated. The recipients are Dillard University, Southern University in New Orleans and Xavier University. The checks were presented to heads of each institution by Brother J. O. Richards, Jr., director of the local Fund and a member of the National Education Foundation of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, incorporated. In presenting the checks to Dr. Brother Norman Francis, president of Xavier University; Dr. Broadus N. Butler, president of Dillard University and Dr.



Brother E. W. Bashful, vice-president of Southern University in New Orleans, Brother Richards, who is a retired high school principal and first president of the fraternity's alumni chapter in New Orleans, noted that student recipients were to be selected by each institution and the presentations were made without any restrictions as to sex, race or academic classification. "It is in the planning that our scholarship program will be extended to other campuses in the Greater New Orleans and that our student aid will include assistance for graduate study on a revolving loan basis," said Brother Richards. Recipients of the undergraduate scholarships would be announced by each uni^ versity at the beginning of the fall term.


(Continued from page 2)

When Rep. Edward Booker of New Orleans pointed out that the government does not segregate blood for U.S. fighting men in Vietnam, Davis blabbered: "Never would I believe that I would see a white man stand up here and say what Mr. Booker did." Most of the opponents sought to argue that black blood is medically inferior to white blood. Others simply used racist attacks. Rep. Ford Stinson suggested the blood disease sickle cell anemia that affects mostly blacks may be the reason there are no colored astronauts. There is something tragic about a public official who finds it necessary to argue racial superiority of blood in the face of world-wide accepted scientific findings to the contrary. But white men in America always have had that type gall. The disgraceful vote in Louisiana simply shows that the state remains a baston of backward people unable to face up to the realities of a changing nation. 3

ALPHA X I LAMBDA Sponsors Cultural Event

"Black Daytonians in 1970"

$Hk In Toledo, Ohio, Alpha Xi Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorporated, sponsored The Virginia State College Symphonic Band in Concert. The band, under the baton of Brother F. Nathaniel Gatlin, played concerts at Robinson Junior High School, and the Masonic Temple where the band received standing ovation for its magnificent performances. After the concert, Dr. Gatlin was entertained royally by Brother and Mrs. John H. Chadwell. Others in attendance were Richard Fiske, Associate Professor of Music, Virginia State College Brother Roy Shelton, Police Captain, Homocide Bureau; Brother J. Rayfield Vines, Graduate Student, Virginia State College; Brother Alfred Mackie, DirectorHead Start Program and Brother Harold Dillon, Industrial Arts Specialist. Virginia State Colleeg is located at Petersburg, Virginia.


Left to right: Mr. Ed Hamlyn—TV-2 News Director; Brother Wilbert R. Powell, VicePresident Theta Lambda Chapter; Brother Henry A. Wilson, President Theta Lambda Chapter; and Mr. Donald L Dahlman, Vice President and General Manager WLW-D, AVCO Broadcasting Corporation.

Theta Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., Dayton, Ohio, has joined with WLW-D Television to present "Black Daytonians in 1970" which began Sunday March 1, 1970. The weekly five minute interview with TV-2 News Director Ed Hamlyn can be seen at 7:00 pm on the TV-2 News Sunday Report.

Brother Whitney Young, Jr. Authors Beyond Racism

Local black citizens with differing backgrounds and occupations will relate the obstacles, handicaps, and motivating factors that are a result of being black. They will talk about being black in a white society and how it has affected their lives in attaining their goals. The objective is to project a visual image of achievement. We hope to lead the viewing audience, especially young people, to the conclusion that they shoud sincerely take advantage of every educational opportunity available which would facilitate their achievement of economic success. Thereby, making them producers and innovators as well as consumers and reactors to innovations.

Husband and Wife Doctorate —(Continued from page 2)

Brother Young visits the exhibition of his new book, BEYOND RACISM, with Janls Y. Slmms, wife of National Urban League's Fund Director William Slmms. 4

Doctor Constance Yvonne Dees is an active member of the Alphabetts our chapter auxilliary. Delta Theta Lamba Chapter welcomed Brother Doctor Dees and congragulated he and Mrs. Doctor Dees on their achievements in the June meeting at the home of Brother William M. Clark, chapter President.

Meet... Brother Richard V. Moore Elected President of Florida Association of Colleges and Universities that the bill is passed to protect private and state institutions of higher learning, and citizens from unlawful groups issuing bachelor and doctorate degrees under false pretences. Brother Richard Vernon Moore has been President of Bethune-Cookman Colleg, Daytona Beach, Florida since 1947. Prior to this, he served as the first Negro State Supervisor of Secondary Schools for Negroes, State Department of Education, Tallahassee, Florida.

Brother Richard V. Moore

Brother Richard V. Moore, president of Bethune-Cookman College, Daytona Beach, was unanimously elected president of the Florida Association of Colleges and Universities. Dr. Armin H. Groop, University of Miami, presiding at the final session of the two-day 37th annual meeting at Daytona Plaza, said, "I am succeeded by a person much more distinguished than I and also the first black man to hold this position in the organization. This is true integration of the south." Brother Moore, president of B-CC, for 22 years, has been serving as vice president of the association and relinquished the post to Dr. Maxwell King, president of Brevard Junior College, Cocoa, who also received a unanimous vote. Five colleges were accepted into membership including University of West Florida, Valencia, Florida, Tallahassee and Santa Fe Junior Colleges. Dr. Clinton D. Hamilton, Florida College and the associations executive secretary-treasurer, challenged the association to "act with a mighty voice, to see

President Moore began his career as an Educator as an Instructor of Social Studies and Coach of Athletics at the Pinellas High School in Clearwater, Florida (1932-34). He then became Principal of Union Academy at Tarpon Springs, Florida (1934-37); Principal of Rosenwald High School, Panama City, Florida (1937-44); Principal of Booker T. Washington High School at Pensacola, Florida (1944-45), and State Supervisor of Negro Secondary Schools (1945-47). He attended elementary school in Quincy, Florida; later graduated from high school and Normal College at Georgia Normal College, Albany, Georgia (Albany State College). He received the A. B. Degree from Knoxville College, Knoxville, Tennessee (1932), the M. A. Degree from Atlanta University in 1944, and studied for the Ph. D. Degree at New York University. Dr. Moore holds the Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from Edward Waters College in Jacksonville, Florida (1947); Knoxville College, Knoxville, Tennessee (1950); New York (1969). He holds the Honorary Doctor of Humanities Degree from Claflin College, Orangeburg, South Carolina (1969). Brother Moore is a member of the Florida Council on Human Relations, Inc., the Florida Education Association; and a Life Member of the National Education Association. He is a member of the Executive Committee of the United Negro College Fund, the Board of Education of the United Methodist Church and the Board of Directors of the AfroAmerican Life Insurance Company. He is secretary of Florida's Committee for

Quality Education, a member of the Board of Governors of Halifax Area Chamber of Commerce. He holds membership in the following fraternal organizations: Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, the Alpha Kappa Mu Honor Society, the Sigma Pi Phi Boule, the Masons, Elks, Knights of Pythian and PastWorthy Patron of the Richard V. Moore Chapter, Order of the Eastern Star. He is Associate Conference Lay Leader of the United Methodist Church, a member of the Board of Trustees of Stewart Memorial United Methodist Church, Daytona Beach, Florida. He was delegate to the General Conference and the Jurisdictional Conference of the Methodist Church in 1956, 1960, 1964 and the adjourned sessions of the General Conference of the Methodist Church in 1966. He is a member of the Board of Trustees of Florida Southern College, Lakeland, Florida and the Sarah Hunt United Methodist Children's Home. He is a member of the Planning Board of the City of Daytona Beach and PastChairman of the Interracial Committee. He is a member of the Board of Directors, Daytona Rescue Mission. He holds membership in many other educational, civic, fraternal and religious organizations, too numerous to list here. He has been the recipient and civic enterprise. His most recent award was from the OPEN FORUM of the City of Daytona Beach, where he was cited for his distinguished service to the community and the cause of interracial understanding. In February 1970, the BethuneCookman College National Alumni Association honored him with a Testimonial Banquet in the Grand Ballroom of the Fontainebleau Hotel, Miami Beach, Florida. Brother Moore has travelled extensively in the United States and abroad, including Africa, Egypt, the Middle East and Europe. He was born in Quincy, Florida, November 20, 1906. In 1934, he married the former Miss Beauford Jones and they have nine children — five boys and four girls. He is currently serving as President of Bethune-Cookman College, where he has served with great distinction for the past 23 years. 5

To Seek a New Direction:

Howard in the Decade of the Seventies

Address by Brother James E. Cheek, President

On the Occasion of His Inauguration as the Fifteenth President of Howard University Howard Univesrity Campus April 25, 1970 MR. CHAIRMAN, MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, DISTINGUISHED DELEGATES AND REPRESENTATIVES, FELLOW ADMNISTRATIVE OFFICERS, FACULTY AND STUDENT COLLEAGUES, MEMBERS OF THE ALUMNI AND MY FRIENDS: Our nation, just seven years away from the two hundreth anniversary of its revolution for freedom and human equality, is required to fulfill for our generation and in our time the promise it made to the world almost two centuries ago. Having fought on foreign shores several wars to defend, preserve and protect its beliefs, our nation is now required to wage a harder struggle within its borders to make those beliefs a reality for all of its citizens. What we do as a nation in the next six years will be watched around the world by friend and foe alike to see whether this republic is willing and able to honor in practice what it proclaims in principle. At no other time in American history has the danger to the American society been so great. Today, the real danger to the American ideal does not lie among the people 6

on foreign shores; it lies within our own midst and is represented by those who seek to preserve a system that is oppressive. by those who attempt to defend a society that is fragmented and by those who try to preserve an ideology that denies human liberty. In the initial years of this new decade the critical struggle of the nation will be at home and not abroad; and the effectiveness of our foreign policy will be determined by the character and substance of our domestic practices. How a nation allocates its resources and to what issues it chooses to direct the people's will, reveal what a nation values most, what it cherishes, and what it hopes to be. At the time when the American idea was being created the founding fathers cast their lot on the side of justice, freedom and equality. In words that still echo around the globe they pledged a new nation to the fulfillment of man's ancient quest for human liberty. And by acts of courage and fortitude they made plain that the rights of men do not derive from the generosity of the state but from the benevolence of God. The revolutionary idea of a society where men would be free, where the opportunities would be open and where the benefits would be equitable remains today as an idea which generates in the hearts of men acts of courage and valor. The validity of that idea will be tested in our time in a manner if has never been tested before. In recent days our attention has been directed to a special problem that faces the planet earth. Our national leadership has pledged the nation's resources and galvanized the nation's will to confront and resolve the pollution of our physical environment. We have been awakened to the dangers which our technology has created, and we are preparing to fashion a technology to remove them. Without question the issue of our physical environment is an issue of overriding concern and demands the attention it is now receiving. But the pollution of our air, of our waters, of our soil, and the traffic jams o four highways are not the issues that will decide the fate of the nation.

The crises of our time and the real dangers to our national health are to be found in our social environment: in the sickness of our cities, in the failures of our public schools, in the alienation of the young, in the crises between black and white and in the denial of equal access to the opportunities, rewards and benefits of our society to one tenth or more of our native born citizens. The noble vision which inspired the American effort has become blurred and the gallant will to make a dream come true has become paralyzed. We can cleanse our air and purify our lakes and rivers, beautify our landscape an dsolve the problems of transportation and still remain a society in fragments, a people without values and a collection of states not united in will or purpose. While we must manage knowledge to save the environment, it is also required that we create new knowledge to save the republic. Without a doubt the decade of the seventies will force our nation to come to terms — perhaps once and for all — with the issue of race and racism. At various stages in our national history this issue has suffered from neglect, both benign and malignant. In successive turns it has been treated indifferently, hypocritically and cosmetically. Always manipulated by the requirements of political expediency, seldom if ever the object of political duty, the question of race now stands before us as that one question that may decide the fate of the nation and possibly the fate of the world. Our generation will not be privileged to defer to the next generation the solution to this prblem that divides the nation and that now threatens to tear apart the American fabric. The gravity of this threat cannot be exaggerated and the urgency of the task we face cannot be overstated. One hundred and three years ago this University was established to be one of the major instruments to assist in the task of healing the wounds created by civil strife and of righting the wrongs caused by generations of bondage . It has served our nation and our people well. Those who have guided its de(Next page)

HOWARD PREXY (Continued from page 6) velopment over more than a century— through times of tranquility and turbulence — never lost sight of the mission to be discharged or of the purpose to be pursued. We salute and honor with profound gratitude their vigilance, their sense of duty, their sacrifices, their patience in tribulation and their rejoicing in hope. Our country and our world owe to them a lasting debt. Now we have been summoned to take upon our shoulders the continuing task of helping our country fulfill its promise and of assisting our people in realizing their capability. Ours is a very special charge. In the new decade we have just entered we have begun an earnest search for a new direction; we have learned already that Howard in this decade must be willing to be one of the principle architects of our national destiny and one of the major engineers of our society's change. We understand very well the bold demand that universities remain aloof from the great issues and questions of social change, social goals and social purposes. Those who make such a demand insist that universities maintain a posture of interested detachment in order to preserve their academic freedom. But while at Howard "academic freedom" is to be cherished and valued, human freedom is cherished and valued more. Hence we cannot stand aloof, morally neutral and socially passive. For us the business of education must be conducted not in the atmosphere of the museum where men are gathered to contemplate the past, but in the atmosphere of the true University where men are gathered to create the future. In every descipline that we shall offer the knowledge we transmit, the truth we pursue and the public service we render will be guided by a profound understanding of the value and worth of human life. We shall strive to fashion the education we offer into a force for social regeneration marching hand in hand with the living and creative forces of the social order. As a University we may not add much to the world's understanding of how best to navigate the distance of space in

man's reach for the stars, but we surely can and must add mightly to the world's understanding of how man can best remove the distance between peoples and races in our search for peace and justice on earth. We can bring to the new decade before us a profoundly new sense of man's worth and ultimate nobility, and building upon that create for ourselves and future generations a new humanism which may help to prevent the destruction of man and of mankind by the creations of his own mind and by the instruments of his own hands. This, Howard is able to do. In the liberal arts we must seek and find wholly new ground on which to fashion an aristocracy of knowledge and on which to create an aristocracy of leadership which will not be the exclusive possession of a particular race of one ethnic group. We shall use the liberal arts truly to liberate and from that experience our students will know more profoundly the character of the quarry from which they have been dug and the nature of the rock from which they have been hewn. They shall have a pride that no man dare ridicule and they shall possess a dignity that no man dare dishonor. In the Fine Arts we shall honor and celebrate the peculiar genius that long suffering and great oppression have fashioned as one of history's greatest gifts to man's understanding of human experience. In the visual and performing arts and in the inspired music drawn from the soul of a people we shall exhibit to the world a culture that no man can call deprived. We shall train in our School of Law a new generation of jurists: men and women who will use the law to seek the ends of social justice and therreby preserve for both black and white human liberty. In our Colleges of Medicine and Dentistry and the related schools of the health professions we shall try as diligently as we can to produce men and women who will regard a healthy body and a healthy mind as a human right and not a privilege. By hte examples of their teachers as well as by their precepts we shall endow our students with the spirit of human compassion and with a profound regard for the sacredness of human life. We shall seek to inspire them to take their art and science into the deltas of Mississippi, into the

rural countryside and into the urban jungles of our cities to practice that art and science not for economic profit but for human well being. In all of our other professional schools — Engineering, Architecture, Business, Education, Religion and Social Work — we shall begin the development of the new knowledge and the fashioning of the new social technology that will raise up new kinds of social engineers, technically competent and morally committed to the special needs of Black Americans, the instiutions which serve them and the communities which they inhabit. And in the new schools and colleges that we shall create and in the special instiutes we shall establish, we shall seek to formulate new norms of excellence and more effective methods of extending the University beyond the campus to enhance the community which is our home as well as the community across the seas. We shall seek to lead and not to imitate and in all we undertake to do we shall try to fashion a community of scholars where all the students are teachers and all the instructors are learners. By such an example we hope to help the academic world toward that reform the times demand. We shall try to withold prior judgment on who can be educated and who can profit from the experiences we offer. We shall establish an eliteness based upon what we graduate rather than upon what and whom we admit. The national interest dictates that there be at least one university in this land unashamedly devoted — in its public service — to the special problems and special issues which the legacy of race has created. Howard is commanded to be such a University. In our effort to help our nation renew itself we must stand before our countrymen and before the work as a bold and vivid contradiction to the belief that black men and the institutions which serve them are inherently, intrinsically and generically inferior. By the labor of this institution in the decade of the seventies we shall try to destroy the myth of white supremacy and exalt the reality of human equality. Without apology for our origin, without shame for our character and without equivocation about our purpose we shall try to help our nation take an honorable change of direction. (Continued on page 25) 7

Brother Banks Named Dean at Malcolm X College, Chicago

Brother Herman R. Branson Leaves Central State University BECOMES PRESIDENT OF LINCOLN UNIVERSITY

Brother Frank A. Banks

Brother Frank A. Banks, 53, has been appointed dean of Arts and Sciences at Malcolm X College, one of the City Colleges of Chicago. His appointment was announced by Oscar E. Shabat, chancellor of the City Colleges of Chicago. Brother Banks joined Crane (now Malcolm X) College in 1957 and became professor of biology. He has taught at Clark College and the Crane Branch of the Chicago Teachers College (now Chicago State College.) He was a research technician at Argonne Cancer Research Hospital of The University of Chicago, and was also research assistant and research associate at The University of Chicago. Brother Banks has served as president of the City Colleges of Chicago Faculty Council. Born in Duncan, Miss., June 13, 1917, he attended Waller High School in Chicago; Wright College, another of the City Colleges of Chicago; and Lewis Institute. He received his bachelor of science degree in 1940 and his master of science degree in 1946, both from The University of Chicago. Brother Banks is the author of many scientific articles, and a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science: the Society for the Study of Evolution; the Chicago Entomological Society; the Entomological Society of America; Illinois State Academy of Science; and the National Institute of Science. He and his wife are the parents of three children. The family lives at 6648 S. Minerva Ave. 8

OXFORD, Pa. — Brother Herman R. Branson has been named tenth president of Lincoln Univesrity, the oldest predominantly black university in the nation. Brother Branson will leave his post as president of Central State University in Wilberforce, Ohio, to assume the Lincoln helm. In accepting the post, he said, "It is much more than an honor to be asked to come to Lincoln University as president. It is almost a command from history voiced by the record of Lincoln's 116 — year involvement with the expansion of educational horizons to embrace students of 'every clime and complexion as set forth in its charter." Brother Branson said further, "It is especially gratifying to be asked to assume the leadership of one of the few traditionally black colleges that is in a stage of development where it is able to offer both a quality education and real solutions to the world's most critical problem in the are of racial and crosscultural differences." Dr. George D. Cannon, president of the Lincoln Board of Trustees, in announicng the appointment said, "The Board of Trustees has been searching for over a year for the extraordinary man needed to fill the Lincoln Presidency." Brother Branson is also president of the National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education, an association of presidents of predominantly black colleges. He was appointed president of Central State University in 1968. Prior to his appointment to the Ohio institution, he had been chairman of the Department of Physics at Howard D.C. After attending the University of Pittsburgh, Brother Branson graduated Summa Cum Laude from Virginia State College where he received his B.S. He received his Ps.D. from the University of Cincinnati in 1939. His professional memberships include; American Association for the Advancement of Science, American

Brother Herman R. Branson

Physical Society, American Association of Physics Teacher, National Science Teachers Association, National Association for Research in Science Teaching; Washington Philosophical Society, Washington Academy of Sciences, National Biophysics Society, Maryland Academy of Sciences and the Biophysical Society. A recipient of the Governor's Award for the Advancement of the Prestige of Ohio in 1969, Brohter Branson has been published in the leading science, education and medical journals of the country. Brother Branson is married to the former Carolynne Gray of Cincinnati, Ohio. They have two children; both physicians: Carolynne Gertrude Branson and Herman Edward Branson. Brother Branson succeeds Dr. Marvin Wachman who left the Institution near Oxford, Pa. Jan. 1, 1970 to become Vice President for Academic Affairs at Temple University, Dr. Wachman had served Lincoln as president nearly nine years.

Last Address to Alpha-men

Alpha Phi Alpha and Southern University

Brother Felton Clark Keynotes

Mourn the Passing of

Black History Week in El Paso




Negro history week activities in El Paso were highlighted by an inspiring address by Dr. Felton G. Clark, former President of Southern University and one of the pioneers in the expansion and development of Alpha Phi Alpha. Dr. Clark traced Negro history to the beginning of civilization in Egypt and pointed out the fact that black people were a part of that era. He listed the advanced nature of ancient Egypt, including the Pyramids, art, mining, carpentry, masonry, and the palaces that existed then. He stated, "These dark skins we have today were also numbered among the Egyptians. That is where you came from and you can be proud of it." Brother Clark said the black of Egypt later migrated to settle in southern Africa, and established the Kingdom of Mali, which today is Ghana. In Mali, a few thousand years ago, the blacks had a democratic form of government, established universities, had their customs and language, which are all examples by culture. With the takeover of Africa by European nations, the African Kingdoms fell. Brother Clark then spoke of the 18th Century slave trade. He said some of the blacks sold into slavery to the white slave traders were sold by black Africans. The black persons the blacks sold into slavery were criminals and persons without kin. The white traders wanted more blacks from Africa. "The Whites made slaves of all the blacks they could

capture. They treated people like cattle. They made people a commodity, Dr. Clark said. He went on to say that the slaves were brought over in ships. The slave traders would put so many persons in a ship's hole that there was not enough room for the slaves to sit. They were put in chains and many did not survive the voyage. The Negro slave, denied an opportunity to develop a written tradition, but developed a vocal or oratory tradition, he said. He cited the great Negro orator Frederick Douglas as an example of the greatest orators of all time. Brother Clark maintained that life does not mean much to a people if they do not have a historical tradition and history. "The Jews would have been annihilated years ago if they did not have a tradition that gave them courage to feel "I am somebody." Brother Clark encouraged all to study Negro history, learn that you have roots, a tradition, and that you are somebody. Local dignitaries in attendance included the City Mayor, County Judge, County Democratic Chairman, representatives from University of Texas at El Paso, Local Chapter of the NAACP, and the Interclub Council. Brother Clark was sponsored by Theta Delta Lambda Chapter and activities for his visit included a reception at the home of Bro. Ernie Hunter where Dr. Clark met the local members and their wives.

NEW ORLEANS — Dr. Felton G. Clark, who succeed his father as president of Southern University in Baton Rouge and held the post for more than 30 years, died. Brother Clark had been president of the predominantly black university from 1938 until his retirement a year ago. Until then, Southern had only two presidents in its 56-year history — Clark and his father. Under their leadership, Southern grew from a cluster of one-time slave shanties to a $60 million university system with a $12 million annual budget and branches school expanded its faculty from seven in Shreveport and New Orleans. The to more than 1,000. When Southern was founded in 1914, it had no academic rating. Now ft has a curriculum approved by every major accrediting agency in the nation. For Brother Clark, pride in the school meant pride in its students. "Back in the early days," he said at his retirement, "the students had a feeling they shouldn't stand as tall as they were capable. But now they see themselves as human beings endowed with all the qualities of any man. "Up until recently, the Negro has had to think about food and shelter before astronomy and physics," he said. "You can't do much creating while digging a ditch. Now Negroes are working in the chemical labs instead of sweeping them out." He died on July 5 and the funeral was held in Baton Rouge. 9

The 50th Anniversary Celebration - Eta Lambda

Brothers in attendance at the 50th Anniversary celebration — Eta Lambda Chapter

Atlanta, Ga. — Prominent Alpha Phi Alpha brothers, including Past General President, Lionel Newsom, now president of Johnson C. Smith University were participantts in the golden anniversary celebration of Eta Lambda Chapter, Atlanta, the seventh graduate chapter of the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity to be founded. More than forty brothers, their wives, family and/or sweethearts were present at Howard Johnson's Inn, South West, Atlanta, Sunday, May 24, 6:00 P.M. for the festive banquet planned by the annivesrary committee. The program was begun by the retiring President of Eta Lambda Chapter, William L. Stanley Jr., who presided. Brother Thomas J. Pugh, Ph.D., gave the invocation which was a masterpiece in composition and rendition. Following the dinner, Brother Charles W. Greene, a charter member of the Chapter reviewed the beginnings and

progress of Eta Lambda in the fifty years since its founding. Brother Dr. T. Y. Rogers was the principal speaker and spoke on "The Fiftieth Anniversary Challenge." Past General President of the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity delivered inspiring remarks in tribute to the founders and charter members of Eta Lambda Chapter which was set up in Atlanta May 20, 1920. The 50th anniversary observance was closed with Alpha Phi Rededication and prayer by Brother Father H. J. C. Bowden. Brother Joseph D. McGhee, fifty-two years a member of Alpha Phi Alpha and one of the founders and first president of Eta Lambda was an honored guest at the celebration. Other brothers given special recognition at this momentous occasion were B. T. Harvey, Jake Henderson, Tom Fagan, Brainard Burch, Ira Jackson and

Alpha Wives and Sweethearts Enjoyed the Fun!


A. J. Lewis, III. In attendance were brothers Father H. J. C. Bowden, Henry Bowden, Brainard Burch, A. Z. Holloway, Charles Hawk, Roy Hadley, Norris Long, Ted Johnson, B. T. Harvey, Tom Fagan, Bob Lewis, T. J. Pugh, Lorenzo Wallace, Plutey Carroll, Lionel Newsom, Paul Hatchett, Jake Henderson, N. B. Turner, T. Y. Rogers, J. T. Murray, Winfred Harris, Tom Cole, Charles Meredith, A. J. Lewis, Albert Watts, Charles Greene, Joseph McGee, Ira Jackson and Bill Stanley. Brother Andrew J. Lewis, veteran chairman of the Credentials Committee, Alpha Phi Alpha general convention and Brother "Eta Lambda" of the chapter was chairman of the 50th Anniversary Program Committee. Other members included Brothers Father H. J. C. Bowden, H. B. Dodson, Tom J. Fagan, Charles W. Greene, J. D. McGhee, A. J. Martin, Dr. C. W. Merideth and William J. Stanley, Jr.

fx- General President Newsom Receives History Making Appointments... North Carolina

Brother Newson celebrates 50th Anniversary of Eta Lambda Chapter in Atlanta, Georgia. In the above photo are, Brother Newson, T. Y. Rogers; (seated right) Brothers A. J. Lewis and B. T. Harvey. (Standing) Brothers J. T. Murray, Chas. Meredith, Joseph McGhee, Chas. Greene and Bill Stanley.

CHARLOTTE, N. C. — Brother Lionel H. Newsom, president of Johnson C. Smith University, has received three important and history-making appointments within the last few weeks. Brother Newsom is the immediate past general president of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. He was appointed to the Board of Directors of the Charlotte Chamber of Commerce on December 9, 1969, presumably the first black man ever seated on the 37-member board and possibly on any Chamber of Commerce Board in the South. This is especially noteworthy in view of the fact that Blacks have been admitted to membership in the Chamber only since January 1, 1963. Brother Newsom also recently became the first Black to be appointed to the Board of Visitors of Davidson College. The Board of Visitors is composed of opinion leaders, interested in Davidson and in higher education, who act as a sounding board for new ideas for the college. There are currently 115 members on the Board. In addition to these appointments, Brother Newsom has accepted an invita-

tion to serve as a member of the Educational Plans and Policies Advisory Committee of the Southern Regional Education Board. The advisory committee is composed of 12 persons representing both public and private education. One of the major functions of the committee is to advise the director of the SREB on major problems and opportunities facing higher education in the South. Other functions include "advising the director on controlling values and needs of higher institutions in the south, discussing methods of developing and maintaining effective relationships with regional educational institutions, and proposing educational plans and policies which will increase the usefulness of regional cooperation." Brother Newsom is quite familiar with the purpose and functions of the committee. Prior to assuming the presidency at Johnson C. Smith, he served as associate project director with the SREB. He was also instrumental in publishing "The Negro and Higher Education in the South," a statement by the SREB Commission on Higher Educational Opportunity in the South.

Westchester Alphas Adopt Black Anti-Racism Program WESTCHESTER, N.Y. — The Westchester County Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., the nation's oldest predominantly black fraternity, announced a new posture and program. Brother Nelson C. Jackson of New Rochelle, President of the local chapter, stated that the new emphasis was adopted at chapter meeting this week. Jackson said, "The brothers concluded that there is no place today for the traditional fun-raising and fund-raising activities of most fraternities — especially, a black fraternity in the midst of white racism." Brother Jackson, continued, "As professional men and college graduates, we shall devote our energies and the resources of our chapter to supporting progressive efforts in the Black Communities and in combatting white racism." "Black student unions in the high schools and colleges of the county, AfroAmerican cultural and historical programs and Black economic development efforts will receive priority emphasis," Jackson said. Recruiting The chapter president said that a new task force has been organized to develop the program and to recruit fraternity members to the effort. Jacques E. Wilmore of Elmsford, the Regional Director of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, is Co-Chairman of the Task Force with Dr. Benjamin I. Dyett, White Plains Physician. Area Coordinators throughout the county will seek out inactive members of Alpha Phi Alpha and enlist them in the new program. The Coordinators are: Brother John H. Harmon, Executive Director, AfroAmerican Cultural Foundation (RO1-4778) for the White Plains-Greenburgh area; J. Leon Peace (408-7834) 744 Warburton Avenue, Yonkers area; Nelson C. Jackson (632-4735) 165 Clinton Avenue, for the New Rochelle and Mount Vernon area; Arnold Baker (WO7-5508) 16 Nursery Lane, Rye, New York, for the Port Chester-Rye area and E. J. Smith, (941-5487) 8 Downey Road, Ossining for Northern Westchester Communities. The Task Force Co-Chairman said that they expected the new program to attract many inactive members who have felt that the fraternity's program was "not delevant to the Black man's condition in American." 11


In the following excerpts from an unpublished autobiography, Brother William Ashby, '16 B.D., conveys the flavor of an era from his special perspective of it as a 25-year-old waiter with a college degree who came to Yale iust before World War I and left after helping to found the University's first Negro fraternity (Alpha Phi Alpha). The incidents recounted here — some nostalgic, some bitter — offer to enlarge our understanding of a time and a place usually held in the mind with the satisfactions of a majority perspective. The Yale chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha, In 1915. Brother Ashby is fourth from left in the middle row.

I felt a contemptible disgust for myself; I was a disappointment, a disapointment to Mamma, a disappointment to lots of people who knew that I ought to do better, and who believed that I was capable of doing better. A college degree, and still a waiter. I needed no college degree to be a waiter. I had worked with hundreds of waiters. Some of the best of them could neither read nor write. But I was on the same level with them. With all of my learning, I had not risen one inch above them. I knew that I must do something. My frustration was beyond words. I was in a void at one minute, and then I would feel fenced in. "The fence, the fence," I thought. "Why, no one can build a fence but so high. No one builds a fence without leaving a gate to get in and out." I'd just have to find the gate, that's all. One day sauntering down Market Street in Newark, I saw a placard in a window. In heavy letters across the top was the name, Eugene V. Debs. It said that Debs would speak at the Labor Lyceum on Springfield Avenue. My decision to hear him was immediate. I had read something about Debs. It wasn't much. But it was enough to make me 12

believe that he might say something that I ought to hear. The man completely captivated me. I was caught up in his words as he railed against the coal barons, steel barons, shipowning barons, and railroad barons for their persecution and exploitation of poor and unorganized working men. Then Debs changed his mood. He spoke of brotherhood. He made a compassionate plea for man to serve his fellow man. His words penetrated deep inside me. "There," I thought, "I will devote by life to the service of my fellow men. I will be a foreign missionary. I will go to Africa and convert the heathens." I knew a lot of Africans at Lincoln (Lincoln University, Chester County, Penn.) They were forever uttering the Macedonian cry, "Come over and help us." But this sacrificial resolve was effervescent. It was an emotional swell that did not have enough mental resolve to make it stick. But the words "brotherhood" and "service" hung on. I made no attempt to dislodge them or evade them. But I still did not know what to do, which way to turn.

I wrote to Yale University School of Religion for a catalogue. In it was a course which read something like the things about which Debs spoke and which I thought I could do and ought to do. A persuasive inducement was that if the student were accepted, his tuition and room were a gift from the University. Dean Charles R. Brown of the Yale School of Religion was a lovely man, kind, sympathetic, inspiring. Mrs. Brown was the very essence of a gracious hostess. Dean and Mrs. Brown invited the new students to spend an evening with them in their home. I went into their dining room. I sat on their chairs. We talked. We laughed. I sat at their dining table. I ate their food. They served me. I used their china, silver, napkins, glassware. Always before, I had been the servant of white people. This was shocking, astounding, a drastic revolution in life as I knew it. I had sat at the table with white people and dined with them. Had I been suddenly boosted into an indefinable, chaotic, amorphous something that they called "social equality"? (Continued on next page)

YALE 15 The footbmall team of Brown University came down from Providence to play Yale's team at Yale Field. On Brown's team was one Fritz Pollard. The sports writer of the New York Tribune in each edition of the week of the game wrote about Brown's team and Pollard. He described him as a "burly Negro." On the day of the game, I — with Aiken Pope, Nimrod Allen, J. Anderson, Charlie Tribbett, Early Caples, and Francis Williams — went and stood in front of the Yale gym on Elm Street where the Brown team was quartered. Our aim was to see Pollard and give him such support and encouragement as we were able. A fellow came out of the door of the gym and walked toward us on the sidewalk. He was small, brown-skinned, and had the easiest smile one could imagine. Brainwashed by the articles in the Tribune about the size of the man, we expected to see a fellow at least 6'2" and weighing 210 pounds. I asked, "Did Fritz Pollard come with the team?" He hesitated a moment. Then he said, "I'm Fritz Pollard." This couldn't be, it simply couldn't. At most, this fellow could not weigh more than 145 pounds. Our shock was beyond words. The fellow had lied. He was playing a trick on us. On our way out to the field we were depressed, literally and honestly scared to death. We knew the size of the men on the Yale line. They would murder this little man. We went to the Brown side of the field, wanting to give Pollard as much moral support as possible, but also because we knew that there would be animosity toward us in the Yale stands. We would be baited with the foulest and vilest epithets hurled right into our teeth, and we could do nothing about it. Fritz Pollard mastered to a degree one of the essentials of football seldom ever equalled and never surpassed by any other halfback. It was that of handling a punt. Such was his confidence in himself to catch the ball that he played very deep. The moment the ball was kicked, he took off at full speed as does a center fielder after a short fly. When he caught the ball, he was going as fast as he would ever go. Un-

(Continued from page 12) less the opponent grabbed him the moment the ball was caught, there was no way to stop him short of a gain. The ball was kicked to him. He began to circle toward the right sideline. The Yale stands arose, "Catch that nigger. Kill that nigger," they screamed. I jumped up and hollered, "Run, nigger, run. Go, Fritz, go." Sheldon, the left tackle on the Yale team, a big fellow from Atlanta, Georgia, took out for him on a lateral course. Bingham, the quarterback, was coming up in a burst of speed from his deep safety position. They would make a pincer tackle on Pollard. They would murder the boy. Pollard kept running. As he got to the sideline, he jumped off the field and landed straight up on the Yale bench. Sheldon and Bingham had left their feet simultaneously for a flying tackle. They grabbed at a slick Pollard who was not there. A stretcher was brought out to take them off the field. I was in the gym after the game, hoping to shake Pollard's hand. Sheldon burst in. "Where is he? Where is he?" he was calling. "Pollard, where are you?" Pollard, having taken his shower, stepped out of a cage in which he was dressing. "You're a nigger, but you're the best goddamn football player I ever saw," blurted Sheldon, thrusting his hand out to Pollard. My first year completed, I went to work for the summer at Tappin's Inn, Sheepshead Bay, near Coney Island. It was a very famous shore dinner place, indeed, the most famous on the Atlantic Coast; it was a rambling, one-story frame house, sitting flat on the ground, just across from the inlet. It was owned and operated by Jim Villepeque, a giant of a man, easily 350 pounds. There was no telling where his head left off and his neck began. On top of his huge head, he wore always a cap, a too-small cap. It was the original bump on a log. He always sat at a door between the kitchen and the dining room, and each waiter reaching him had to lower his tray before him for his personal inspection. He always walked very slowly with a large cane the size of a sapling. On one side of the building, in full view of the patrons who sat at the tables,

was a garden, perhaps a hundred feet long. In it was planted golden bantam corn. At the end of the garden was a chicken house and perhaps a couple dozen fowl strutting about the yard. One of the most delicious items in the dinner was the entree. It consisted of a half broiled spring chicken, topped with a slice of genuine Smithfield (not Virginia) ham, and golden bantam corn on the cob. Almost always came words of praise for the food. I would pass Mr. Villepeque and say, "Boss," (everybody called' him Boss) "Mr. So-and-So says that's the best chicken and corn he ever ate." "Did you show him out the window my farm and chicken house and tell him I raise everything right on these grounds?" Often we really did tell patrons to look through the window at the corn and fowl and tell them that all the food served in Tappin's Inn was homegrown and home-raised. Some of the fools were gullible enough to believe our white lies and swallow the stuff hook, line, and sinker. Few places could equal it for celebrated patrons. On any Wednesday, Saturday, or Sunday dinner, one might see Diamond Jim Brady, a couple of Goulds, a couple of Vanderbilts, Jack Norworth, Nora Bayes, Mayer John F. Hyland, Jim Corbett, Gus Edwards, Tom Sharkey, Sam Gompers, Congressman Nicholas Longworth, Blanche Ring, John R. Keene, Frank D. Waterman. Lee Smith was the headwaiter. Lee was the most impeccable man I have ever seen. No matter how clean and fresh you thought you were, you always felt dirty standing next to him. Also, he was one of the most nearly perfect persons that I have ever seen in executing the job which he was hired to do. He was Napoleonic in size, a fact of which he was conscious, but it made no difference. His manner as he met guests at the door, and the respect and loyalty which he commanded from all who worked under him, removed all doubt as to who was the head man. He was from Farmsville, Virginia, and perhaps never went above sixth grade in school. But early in his life he had decided that hotels offered the best, perhaps the only, avenue for steady employment. He would master the whole thing. (Continued on page 14) 13

YALE 15 He could step behind the bar and mix any drink, no matter how exotic. He could go into the kitchen and come out even with any chef. Fortunately, he quickly took a liking to me. Sometimes, even when dinner was over, if a late party came in, he would bring them to my tables. If I remonstrated by saying, "Chief, this was my long day on watch; I'm tired," he would step a little away from me and chide almost in a fatherly manner, "Schoolboy, ain't you? Told me you had to make money to go to college. Go head and feed them people." Then he walked away in a laughing triumph. A course on Shakespeare was being offered to sophomores in Yale College. Yale curriculum makers had very wisely made it possible for a student in one college to take a course in another, providing the deans of the two schools are convinced that the progress of the student will not be inhibited by extra work. I wanted to take this course on Shakespeare. I obtained consent from my dean. In the class I was never to be more than an onlooker. I could take the assignments, but I would not be expected to ask or answer questions; nor need I take the tests when given. Professor Brooks, the teacher, who had the somewhat disturbing and irritating habit of walking from one place to another as he talked, was standing near me. He said, "Let us imagine a scene something like this. Brabantio and friends were gathered at his home. All of them knew about Othello. Brabantio was deeply concerned about the fate of his daughter, Desdemona. Othello had not won her love fairly. He was a black man, a foreigner. He had captivated her by tricks, bewitched her by incantations, conquered my darling weak daughter by his eloquent boasts of thrilling tales of battles he had fought, and conquests he had made. He has cast a spell over my daughter. That nigger wants to marry my daughter. I ask you, gentlemen, how would you feel if a nigger asked the hand of your daughter? I am a Senator of Venice. This Moor seeks social equality with me. I call upon my friends, my attendants to 'lynch this nigger.'" I sat through this scene which Professor Brooks had delineated to these adolescent students. I noticed that one or two of them glanced at me and snickered. 14

(Continued from page 13) There was a lot of talk going on among us about the organization of a chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha, a Greek letter fraternity among Negroes. I took little or no part in the discussion. Always, I think, I have had a strong aversion to any sort of organization of selectivity or exclusiveness which said that one person could belong but another could not, a congregation of snobs or bigots. Were I a member of such a fraternity, I would have to blackball someone and keep him out, and I would never know why. Without being told, I was designated Vice-president of the group. I was hooked. I could find no reason which the other fellows would accept that would help me to wiggle out of this unsolicited appointment. In all departments at that time — College, Sheffield School, Law, and the School of Religion, there were about sixteen Negro students. Because of the diverse hours at which our classes were held, it was found that the only time we could all get together was at sixthirty in the morning. We got together for a picture of the chapter, Yale University Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. In the chapter were Beal Elliot, Joe Allen, Dr. Fleming, Wayman Ward, Emory Smith, P. F. Johnson, Clement MacNeal, Charley Tribbett, Bill Ashby, Father Bowles, W. N. Bishop, Nimrod Allen, Aiken Pope, John Williams, J. W. Anderson. I do not know how I came by it, but for more than fifty years I have kept that picture. Dr. Booker T. Washington was coming to New Haven to lecture in Woolsey Hall. It would be a rather select and preferred audience. Mr. Holland was the head waiter in the Student Union, the student dining hall. He was afraid that the colored people would not have the chance to get into the hall to hear Dr. Washington. I worked in the dining room. For my services, I received my meals. They were almost always terrible, sometimes hardly more than "slop," served to us in the help's dining room in the basement of the building. I have eaten parsnips in every way in which they can be cooked. Sometimes I was faced with parsnips, a slice of bread, and coffee for breakfast.

BLANCHET (Continued from page 3) New Orleans, and they have two children. Their daughter has completed work for a masters degree at Rutgers University, and their son is a junior at the Fort Valley State College. Active in science education ,Dr. Blanchet has served as President of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching; and as a member of the National Committee on General Education for Higher Education. He is an active and hard-working member of the Gamma Sigma Lambda Chapter of the Alpha Phi Alpha, Fraternity Inc. —Brother W. E. Lockette Alpha Phi Alpha Mr. Holland confided his concern to me. I understood, but I had no solution. He suggested that Dr. Washington might respond favorably to an invitation from the Negro students. I was but lukewarm to the suggestion. Where would we hold such a meeting? Also, even if we had it, would it not be entirely run by the students with the townspeople still left without any real participation? I knew that it was Dr. Washington's custom, after he had appeared before a white audience, to go to a Negro church or fraternal hall where he could speak face to face with his people. I suggested to Mr. Holland that his church, the Dixwell Avenue A.M.E., invite Dr. Washington to come to them after his Woolsey Hall address. My suggestion pleased him. He then told me that I must write the letter. I agreed, but told him that he and the officers of the church should sign it. When Dr. Washington came out of Woolsey Hall by a side door, Mr. Holland and I were waiting for him in a horse and carriage. We drove him to the Dixwell Avenue A.M.E. Church. All records claim that the last public appearance made by Dr. Washington was before that select audience in Woolsey Hall. But I know that his last public appearance was before a Negro audience in the Dixwell Avenue A.M.E. Church. I was there.

"The Pride of the Black and Gold" ^ ' 1

• • • I f "

if '


A Queen Is Crowned

Brothers Surround the Queen

The Brothers of Epsilon Epsilon Chapter at Oklahoma State University proudly presented their queen for the year 1969-70. The charming young lady they chose was Miss Annette Yvonne Hutchins, a sophomore from Muskogee, Oklahoma, who is majoring in Sociology. Queen Annette is a member of the Arts and Sciences Student Council, one of the three Black counselors at OCU, moderator of West Bennett Black-White Inter-Culture Committee, and is involved with bettering the relations between Blacks and Whites on campus. At present she is working with the Dean of Student Affairs on a project which is designed to promote communication and understanding between Blacks and Whites. She was also instrumental in reestablishing the Alphabettes, a group of young women who work in harmony with the men of Epsilon Epsilon in areas where a woman's touch is beneficial, such as preparing and serving refreshments, and decorating the house for special occasions. An ever increasing membership has been enjoyed by the Chapter in the past five years. Membership has increased from 10 in 1965 to 30 in 1970. The increase in membership has caused the planning for expansion of the present house by next school year to accommodate more brothers. (Continued on page 16)





Two of the five scientists in the University of California Lawrence Radiation Laboratory in Berkeley, who reported the discovery of element 105. Brother James Harris, nuclear chemist and Albert Chiorso, leader of the team. They inspect the taget of califorium 249, developed by Brother Harris, which was bombarded in a Berkeley atom smasher, the HILAC, to create the atoms of 105. Brother Harris Is Corresponding Secretary of Gamma Chi Lambda Chapter,


Thirteen Graduate from Prairie View as Naval Officers - Seven are Alphas

Admiral Herbert H. Anderson, assistant chief of naval personnel, and Dr. Earl Rudder, president of the Texas A & M Captain F. . Brady assumed command of the Prairie View A & M unit in April 1968, and less than a month later, the first students began Naval Science Institute (NSI) training for the first semester of NROTC studies. That first summer of prep work was highlighted by students visiting area naval bases and air stations, and a 2-week cruise aboard the aircraft carrier USS Lexington. First Annual Game


After launching academic work in the fall of 1968, the students enlivened their naval studies with the first annual Army ROTC vs. Navy ROTC football game. Even though the Army won, a rivalry was born and the annual games are now an entrenched part of campus tradition. Just prior to the end of the 1969 school year, Commander Gerald E. Thomas received Captain Brady as commanding officer.

PRAIRIE VIEW, TEX. — Seven members of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity from Prairie View A & M College, Prairie View, Texas, recently made black history as members of the first graduating class of the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps, (NROTC). The NROTC unit is the Navy's first at a black college, and is its newest unit. Thirteen men composed the first class. Secretary of the Navy John H. Chafee gave the college's commencement address, and administered the commissioning oath to the young naval officers after his speech. The seven Alphas were Navy ensigns David Brewer, Orlando, Fla.; James Ealy, Palestine, Tex.; Kenneth Hinson, Center, Tex; David Mosby, Greenville, Tex.; James Tarver, Greenville, Tex.; Charles White, Marshall, Tex.; and Marine Corps second lieutenant Issac Gouldsby of Hooks, Tex. Ealy graduated from the school with honors and will report to Civil Engineering School, Port Humenme, Calif., for active duty as a Civil Engineering Corps officer. Brewer, Hinson, and Mosby will report aboard ships at sea for their first duty assignment. Tarver and White will 16

study at the Navy's Supply Corps School, Athens, Ga. and Gouldsby will train for six months at the Marine Corps' Basic School, Quantic, Va., before reporting to his first assignment. Prairie View, located 46 miles northwest of Houston, is a part of the Texas Agricultural and Mechanical University System, which was established in 1879 by an act of the 15th Legislature of Texas. As a Federal land-grant institution, Prairie View has offered military training since its 1876 beginnings. Ninety-one years later, in 1967 to be exact, the sea service came to the land-locked college, and its 13 graduates this year marked a military milestone for A & M. First In 22 Years Former Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announced Dec. 15, 1967, that the Navy had selected Prairie View as the location of a new NROTC unit the first to be established in 22 years. Prairie View's president, Brother Alvin I. Thomas, welcomed the Navy aboard the campus when former Undersecretary of the Navy Charles F. Baird formally commissioned the NROTC unit. Guests at the ceremony included Rear

During the summer break, NROTC students who had successfully completed a year of training were assigned 2-week cruises; some on U. S. Sixth Fleet ships in the Mediterranean, others aboard ships in the Caribbean. When the Prairie View seniors began their final year as first classmen in the NROTC program, they committed themselves to either the Marine Corps of Naval officer programs, and each chose various programs within their service to start their careers.

The Pride of Black and Gold (Continued from page 15) In past years the brothers have sponsored tutoring programs in the predominantiy Black section of Stillwater for high school students, and made annual donations to a Christmas fund for underprivileged children. Mel Spinks, President of the Chapter, said this about the future of the Chapter, "With the energy of the younger brothers who enter the chapter every year, and with the experience of the older brothers, the chapter should continue to grow and be a source of pride for every member."


The Massacre at Jackson State College Brother J. Herbert King, Editor

Senator Edmund S. Muskie chartered a plane and invited 80 very concerned people of all races to visits, with him, Jackson, Mississippi. Betty Granger Reid of New York Amsterdam News stated that the death site sickens. The visitors attended the funeral services of the high school senior, 17 years old JAMES EARL GREEN and toured the bullet torn campus of Jackson State College. Twenty Black students, wearing black arm bands escorted the visitors over the bullet scarred grounds. The girl's dormitory ALEXANDER HALL, including the main lobby door and windows, bore the horrid sight of huge bullet holes.

Brother King

ALPHAS seen among the throng of people were, Brothers Adam Clayton Powell, Louis Martin, James Cheek, Whitney Young and Edward Brooke. Two students from Kent University accompanied the Muskie party. A rare biracials group, rare especially in Mississippi, were at the airport to meet the students. Black students stated that they thought the governor was trying to provoke an incident so that additional police force could be used against the Blacks.

THE STORY HAS BEEN TOLD IN YOUR DAILY NEWSPAPERS . . . YOU READ IT . . . YOU MUST AGREE WITH SEN. BIRCH BAYH (DEM.-IND.). HE SAID, "THE SCENE AT JACKSON SHOULD MAKE A GROWN MAN CRY." It is not the intention of your editor to ask the men of ALPHA PHI ALPHA to solve the problems of our great nation . . . but . . . our conscience at times need a stimulant . . . something provoking . . . to remind us that whenever possible, we must exert all effort and do our part to make this a better America. Our contribution is one of awakening . . . therefore. . . James Earl Green is not an Alpha man . . . never will be one, because he did not get the opportunity to go to college . . . they killed him . . . he did not have a chance. He had a message for America and from the cover of the SPHINX . . . he is telling America to stand up and cry. The deep concern of more than 40,000 Alpha-men and their families for the future of our young blacks is paramount. Our heartfelt sympathy to the families of JAMES EARL GREEN, PHILLIP L. GIBBS AND THOSE WHO WERE WOUNDED ON THE CAMPUS AT JACKSON STATE COLLEGE. Perpetrators of crimes such as this must be exposed and brought to a court of competent jurisdiction. Mrs. Myrtle. Green Burton, the mother of James Earl Green, sat with her eight other children during the funeral services. A high school friend of her son broke down while singing Precious Lord," and could not continue, Mrs. Burton and her children collapsed in tears. Black and white students issued a joint statement criticizing the press for its coverage of the shooting, they said, "We have seen in our state the pointless perpetuation of a status quo which has polarized young from old, black from white, rich from poor." Below are quotable quotes from some of those in attendance. by Betty Granger Reid (Aboard the Sen. Muskie chartered Plane to Jackson, Miss.) During the two-hour flight from Dulles Airport to Jackson, Miss., there was a solemnity that prevailed despite the high ranking calibre of the guests aboard and the excellence of appointments and service. Everyone of the 80 passengers were well aware that we were on our way to a city where the poorest of the poor blacks lived in horror of the white man. A city with a bullet-torn Jackson State College campus. A city where two students had been slain by police and many were hospitalized. Sen. Edmund S. Muskie (D-Maine) and Sen. Charles Percy (R-Ill.) both

made short speeches (utilizing the stewardess' microphone) recommending that a fund be set up to aid in paying the hospital bills for the injured students. New York Congressman Adam Clayton Powell was the first person aboard to come forward with a sizeable contribution. Thus, the Jackson State Memorial Committee was born aboard the chartered plane. •Whimper of Anguish' Stated Dan Durett, President of the Black Student Union (SUNY) at Binghamton Harper College: "The reactions of white America to the murder of two black students at Jackson State College is at best a whimper of anguish. "America is being called upon to address herself to the genocide, mental

the black community. White Americans must realize that the tragic events at Jackson State College are not unique to that community. Stated Sen. Edmund S. Muskie: "Two young black men are dead. They died during a senseless display of violence at Jackson State College. Many young black men and women were wounded for no apparent reason. "Black Americans are all too aften required to live in fear. Fear often from the possible illegal overreaction of police authority. From the facts at hand today, we seem to have yet another example of black lives not being valued. "I do not presume to offer condescending advice to Black Americans. I (Continued page 18) 17

MORE ABOUT JACKSON COLLEGE (Continued from page 17) do say to some of my fellow white Americans that their behavior toward Black Americans must change for the better — and now!" Stated Whitney Young, Jr.: "I am attending the funeral of the slain Black youth in Jackson, Miss., because I want to help dramatize the sickness in our society that led to this tragedy. It is an example of what repressive forces, encouraged by irresponsible language from high public officials, can bring about. "Those of us — poor or rich — white or black, who do not, by their presence and their voice demand a halt to these senseless murders are but bringing closer the day when we shall be those viewed in a caffin rather than the viewer. We are today a nation divisible with guns and invective for all!" How Many Deaths Stated Sen. Charles H. Percy: "We in America have witnessed too many occasions such as this. Each time we have told ourselves that we must learn from tragedy, and commit ourselves anew to the search for justice and reconciliation in our sorely tried nation. "For James Green and Philip Gibbs that search is now over, and nothing those of us here in Jackson could say would add to the sorrow that we all feel. But those of us who are left must begin to ask ourselves: How many deaths will it take till we know that too many have died? The sickness of violence must stop if we are to survive as a free and united people. "In the confusion of the times we are often tempted to lose ourselves in bitterness and remorse. But the dangers are too great to allow this to happen. The challenge before us is to have the strength not to be driven furthe/ apart, but drawn closer together in the realization that we are all truly brothers and must begin to act like it." Not Unchallenged Stated Congressman Adam C. Powell: "I don't know what is going to happen in Jackson after our group departs but I am concerned as to what happens among members of the House Representatives as to the action taken to prevent other similar occurrences. 18

"I am also concerned that those of us aboard this plane have the right frame of mind and display a serious and sincere concern in being witnesses to the fact that our appearance in Jackson, today, should demonstrate that the unwarranted death of any man — black or white — should not go unchallenged. Double Standard Stated author and syndicated columnist Carl Rowan: "What has happened in Jackson is just the beginning of what could be the shameful pattern of oppression and repression that this nation has ever known. "What can stop it is to get more people elected in the House and Senate as are aboard this plane. We must realize that a life — whether it be a black or white life. — is murder. Until now we've had a double standard. There has been one level of standards for whites and another for blacks. The Muskies, the Percy's, and the Harts can wipe out that double standard, maybe. If they don't this entire society is going to hell!" A 'Nightmare' Stated James Brown, Jr., director of the Youth and College Division of the NAACP: "What I saw during my inspection of the site where the two black students at Jackson State College were killed was, at best, an unbelievable nightmare. I am convinced that their deaths were deliberate and premediated. "Their deaths were the results of an unquestioned dastardly act that was designed to serve notice that black repression is still very real in Mississippi. A in many other parts of the U.S. The guilty must be brought to trial and punished!" by Haynes Johnson Washington Post Special Page from past But it was not the mighty that set the tone for Green's funeral. His funeral was a page out of the Mississippi past of poverty and humble beginnings. A crowd of blacks had gathered early outside the temple. They stood three deep on the sidewalk and front porches of the small white frame homes. Inside most of the 3,000 seats on the gymnasium floor and balcony were filled with blacks.

Slain College Student >:-:•:;:•:•:••••••:

Phillip L. Gibbs

A hot humid make shift church, M. W. Stringer Masonic Temple in Jackson, with black draperies for curtains, and basketball equipment fastened securely against the ceiling, was the setting for the funeral service of James Earl Green, one of two students killed by state troopers, May 14, at Jackson State College. Rock of Ages, Cleft for me . . . let me hide myself in thee, were the words being sung softly as nearly 3,500 persons jammed into close quarters for the funeral while an equal number waited patiently outside, unable to get in. However, this day, black Mississippians didn't feel very much like hiding. They were angry. Two of their young had been killed and the Governor, John Bell Williams, didn't seem, to them, to be a bit concerned.

But inspite of all this the people of Mississippi did remarkably well in controlling their emotions. A classmate of the fallen student, and his colleagues were anxious to talk with anyone they felt could any would see that jjustice was done. So far, most were not satisfied with the visit of Atty. Gen. John Mitchell, nor were they impressed with the telegram read in church which said that the President of the United States and Mrs. Richard M. Nixon were in sympathy with the family. (Continued on page 20)

TRIBUTE TO MY CLASSMATE Brenda Rogers, President of the Student Body Jim Hill Junior and Senior High School Jackson, Mississippi James Earl Greene and I entered Jim Hill Jr. Sr. High School as 7th Graders in 1964. During this time we became friends, not every close friends, but speaking friends. In 1966 Jim Hill Jr. Sr. High School was separated into a Jr. High School and a Sr. High School, the Jr. High School was named W. W. Blackburn. There James and I Communicated more, we even had some classes together. James aften contributed to class discussions and sometimes when the class was boring James would say something that would brighten it up a little. In the fall of 1967 James and I entered Jim Hill Jr. Sr. High School a Sophomore. We felt—we were big shots. James and I, along with several of his closer friends and members of our class would go around the school shouting— Sophomore Power!! We felt that we had the spirit—and if you have the spirit, you have the power. During our Junior year at Jim Hill some of us lost the spirit—but James didn't. He exerted this spirit in some of his classes and all of the extra curricular activities that he participated in. O. James had his bad moments—but they were so few, that no one hardly ever noticed them. 1970—was the year James and I really came together—we had three classes together—English, Economics, and American Government—James was the life of all three, especially our Economics class. James had many friends—girls and boys—mostly girls. The integration of school didn't change. James and I often talked about graduation—we really looked forward to receiving our diplomas. We looked forward to marching in the graduation line with our chests full of pride—but now—now I look no more. On Thursday morning, May 14, on our way to our American Government class—I started teasing James—and he turned to me and said, "That's alright Brenda, I'm gonna make it." And James Earl Green did, he made it. James I'll never forget you. James Jim Hill will never forget you. A TRIBUTE TO JAMES - Emmett Hayes, Principal "No amount of oratory by me nor anyone else here today can replace this tragic loss. James was a student with average ability and a desire to make a useful life but because of this senseless act his young life has been shortened. James was a one mile runner on the track team where he trained diligently to be the best miler that his talents would permit. He was never a discipline problem and was well liked by both teachers and pupils. James, as are many blacks, was a product of a black economically deprived Mississippi society. Because of this deprivation James had to work after school hours. On his way home last Thursday evening from his job he was caught in the area of the college where he lives — just across the street from the campus — in the gunfire that set off the tragedy. Our hope is that the person or persons responsible for this death will be brought to justice under just laws. At the family's request we, shall award James' diploma posthumously in memoriam to a member of his family (his mother). It is my sincere belief that if James' blood could cry forth from the ground, he would urge all black boys and girls in Mississippi to go on to school and help bring about a change in the economic condition here that helped bring about his untimely death." 19

A STREET NAMED LYNCH In Mississippi and in the Black Community - Time for a Change

HONORABLE CHARLES EVERS A Mayor Who Is Black Always On The Scene

Brother Edward Brooke (Sen. (R.) Mass.) called the shooting deaths of two students at Jackson State College in Mississippi, "a reckless and intolerable assault." Brooke stands before a chart of the dormitory during the news conference held following his visit to the Mississippi campus.

JACKSON, Miss — At this time of year, the heat begins to settle in and sit on your shoulders. Even the new office buildings are built with overhanging balconies where pedestrains can take the shade. But once you turn onto Lynch St. and head into the ghetto, there is little shade. The modern buildings of Jackson State College seem out of place, and so does the mixed crowd of black and white students, standing silently in protest to the deaths of two black students here. It may have been that recially mixed group of students that save this city from more violence. After the shooting, hundreds of white students, Mississippians all, from Millsaps College in Jackson came over to help the vigil. They were joined, from time to time, by Charles Evers, the black mayor of nearby Fayette. Evers has preached nonviolence for years in Jackson to segregated audiences. One day last week he walked up and down in front of the crowd shaking his head, with tears in his eyes. "LOOK AT THAT," he told a friend. "It's beautiful, finally, but it took two more dead to get here. But this time I think it will last." Nearby, a Millsaps graduate student and his wife stood silently, holding a sign. "What Is to Become of Us?" asked. "Don't worry," Evers told them quietly. "We'll come through. We're going to win now. We're together now." 20

It was stiffling hot. A flutter of fans kept moving throughout the service. The words spoken carrier not a new message of black militancy or anger. Instead, the pastor took his scripture from the Book of Matthew, with the verses containing the lines "Blessed be the poor in spirit." Muffled sobs filled the room when Green's fellow classmate, Brenda Rogers, president of the student body at Jim Hill High School, gave a tribute. Recalls friendship She first met James years ago, she recalled. Over the years they became friends. "James often contributed to class discussions and if the class was boring James would say something that would brighten it up," he said. One week ago, she went on, she met James on the way to their American government class. She remembered him saying they were going to make it; then she said: "James, I'll never forget you, and Jim Hill High School will never forget you." Senators joined with Mississippi blacks Friday to morn the death of James Earl Green, a youth who was born, reared and killed in the shadow of Jackson State College. Green, 17, was killed there one week ago when police fired a volley into a crowd outside a women's dormitory. His funeral brought together one of the largest groups of civil rights leaders and sympathizers since Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s death two years ago.

M a y o r Charles Evers of Fayette, Mississippi and Ted Sorensen, executives of the Medger Evers Fund, have set in motions plans t o purchase a house for the family of James Earl Green in Jackson, Mississippi. Green is the 17year-old youngster who was killed by Hon. Evers a fusillade of police bullets on the night of May 15 as he took a short cut across the Jackson State College campus on his way home from work. He left a widowed mother—who has no job—and seven brothers and sisters. "We're going to help this poor woman immediately by putting our money where our mouths are. James Earl was her only support. We're going to pay her property taxes, pay every cent for the house and turn it over to her debt free."

Anger, Sadness at Jackson Rites by Lillian Wiggins (Continued from page 18) JACKSON, Miss. — "Death is inevitable," said minister Fred Black, who tried to soothe a very tense moment; a grief stricken youth nearly collapses while singing "Precious Lord;" A black mayor (Charles Evers) cried "How long O Lord will our white brothers continue to destroy us?" and a bereaved mother and other relatives displayed the emotions of an anguished family in deep pain. The mother of the dead teenager, Mrs. Myrtle Green Burton, sat with her eight other children at the funeral service, tight-lipped and sorrowful, looking straight ahead at the coffin containing her son. It was copper colored and blanketed with red and while carnations.

STUDENTS PROTEST . . . Black, White, Rich and Poor Mourn the Passing

JACKSON STATE COLLEGE — students sympathizers kneel around a three-foot blood spot in the grass where student Phillip Gibbs died in a hail of police bullets. Three crosses were planted around the edge of the blood spot, one for Gibbs, one for high school student, James Green, who died on the other side of the street in the same barrage, and one for civil rights worker Ben.

JACKSON MISSISSIPPI — Angered over the recent events which took place on campus of Jackson State College a committee of concerned students and other concerned community have formulated a list of goals and objectives to which they are seeking redress. Their purpose setting forth these recommendations is to halt the unwarranted murders of Jackson State College students, community people, and to protest the genocide and systematic repres-

sion of black people in Mississippi specifically and the nation in general. It is their hope and desire that the persons responsible for the massive executions be brought to justice and that the rights of individuals will again prevail, over property rights. The students specifically named the state highway patrol, the city police, the state national guard, as well as private individuals, acting along, and or in concert with other officials.

DELTA PHI CHAPTER - Jackson State College ALPHAS LEND A HELPING HAND Greeks at Jackson State College, just as at many other predominantly black colleges, have been vociferously criticized for their inability to relate ot the black community. There is a reverberating call which is demanding immediate Greek action in the black community. This echoing call has caused many Greek letter organizations to reevaluate themselves. On Saturday, April 4, the brothers of Delta Phi Chapter answered the call for relevance by visiting the Highland Gardens area in Jackson and offering their services to the residents. The Highland Gardens area is one in which the housing is extremely substandard. The brothers went to this

neighborhood to help their fellow black brethren with the cleanup operations; this is a city-wide project in Jackson. We, the brothers of Delta Phi, were glad to assist our black brothers in such a necessary project. The people in this residential area seemed to be overwhelmed with despair which reinforced their dismal outlook on life. Many residents expressed disdain for the landlord because of his indifference regarding the upkeep of the tenements. The vicious cycle of poverty keeps many revolving during its endless revolutions thus it becomes our duty as a fraternal organization to uphold the principles on which we were founded and help our followman.

They are calling for immediate relinquishment or surrender of the city's title to Lynch Street, from Eastview Street to Dalton Street to Jackson State College. It is the community's feelings that the thoroughfare (Lynch Street) g o i n g through the heart < f Jackson State College's campus should be re-routed so as to leave Jackson College disorders to Jackson State College campus officials. We circulated a petition which demanded an improvement of hte livng conditions at Highland Gardens. The people of Highland Gardens expressed strong abhorrence at the existing living conditions. It was our aim to help the residents in circulating the petition. We obtained a considerable number of signatures. The brothers of Delta Phi were glad to give this patronage to the residents of Highland Gardens. While we were in this area, we attempted to do everything to exalt the morale of the inhabitants. It was truly a rewarding experience because the brothers felt that they were performing one of the most worthy of endeavors: helping a fellowman. We were thanked by the organizers for our participation in the clean-up program.

At Jackson State College . . . for the first time in our life . . . we walked on blood-stained grass. The horror of viewing those bullet-torn buildings was beyond description.

] 21

Concerned College and University

President Peoples and Brother Brooke

Students Help Jackson State College STONY BROOK, N.Y. — In the wake of Friday's student deaths at Jackson State College in Mississippi, members of the student body, faculty, administration and staff at the State University of New York at Stony Brook have launched a special fund drive. A more than 30 member "Special Fund for Jackson State Committee" formed over the weekend, will conduct the fund drive. Their plans include personal solicitation in all campus cafeterias and a mail appeal to all staff members by mid-week. Declaring that "a meaningful response must be made to this latest tragedy," committee members have urged all members of the University community "to join us in raising a special fund for the Jackson State student body to enable them to begin, however modestly, to change the conditions which permitted these killings to occur." The committee further proposed "that a representative group from our University community — faculty and staff — take this fund to Jackson, Miss, to personally present this symbol of our concern, and to lay the foundation for what we intend to make an on-going, creative interaction for the betterment of both our communities." In addition to cafeteria and mail solicitation, contributions — cash, check or pledge — may be sent now payable to the Special Fund for Jackson State Committee, Room 175 Social Science "B" Building on campus. YORK COLLEGE Faculty and students of York College of the City University have donated $710 to assist the survivors of the two black students who were slain at Jackson State College in Mississippi last month. Checks of $355 each have been sent to Mrs. Myrtle Green, mother of high school student James Earl Green, and Mrs. Loreane Cox, guardian of Jackson State student Philip Gibbs. Howard University President, Dr. James E. Cheek, in a statement in support of the suspension of regular academic studies in favor of daily discussions on the problems of black people, Dr. Cheek declared " The murder of the six black men in Augusta and the slaying of the two black students of Jackson State College are but two events in a long 22

Peoples of Jackson State College, The grim faces above reflect their concern.. President Pi of the slaying during the meeting of black handed President Nixon a graphic report of college presidents.

series of lynching, slaughter, murder and tyranny exercised against men and women whose skins are black. "In times of great social stress and crisis the university must question whether the business of learning can occure within the university . . . I have resolved that it cannot." Morgan State and Bowie State Colleges in Maryland and Knoxville (Tenn.) College closed in honor of the victims at Jackson State. University of Chicago President Edward H. Levi scheduled a memorial service for the weekend "because of the tragedy at Jackson State College." In Seattle, University of Washington President Charles E. Odegaard ordered the campus closed Monday in "mourning for all these young Americans who are the casualties of a new violence that is touching their lives." An estimated 300 demonstrators (including a liberal sprinkling of white University of Georgia students) marched in Athens, Ga., protesting the deaths. In Chapel Hill, N.C., as an estimated 300 students (mostly from the University of North Carolina) marched to the Chapel Hill Police Station in memory of "Orangeburg, Kent, Augusta, and Jackson," and an estimated 400 students at N.C. State in Raleigh held a candlelight march and memorial service for the two blacks killed at Jackson.

Further Comments (Continued from page 20) Jackson, Miss — Federal lawmakers looked at the bullet-riddled dormitory at Jackson State College, interviewed survivors and said the slaying of two black students by state patrolmen was "little short of obscene." "What we've seen here is enough to make a grown man cry that something like this could happen in American," said Sen. Birch Bayh (D-Ind.). The violence at Jackson State, he said, was "symptomatic of a national ill . . . it's young versus old and North versus South. We're going to destroy ourselves from within unless we find some way to turn this thing around." Others on Tour Others with Bayh included Sen. Walter F. Mondale (D-Minn.), and Representatives Don Edwards (D-Calif.), and William Clay (D-Mo.) and Roy Wilkins, head of the NAACP. Mondale said "An assault on the dignity of this country was made here in an utterly disgraceful fashion. It's little short of obscene." "We came here hoping to find out what happened, and I think we did," said Edwards. "As a white man, I am deeply ashamed." "It's unbelievable," said Bayh. "It looks like the building had been raped by all those bullets."

Black College

residents Meet with President Nixon Among Alpha Brothers Attending the Meeting . .

Brother Hugh M. Gloster, President â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Morehouse College

Brother James E. Cheek President of Howard University

Brother Herman R. Branson President of Central State

WASHINGTON â&#x20AC;&#x201D; President Nixon invited heads of 15 predominantly black colleges to the White House to discuss campus unrest and its causes.

The following is the full text of a letter written to President Richard M. Nixon by an organization made up of officials of Black colleges from all over the country, and printed exclusively in the AFRO.

While there has been improvement in many of these areas over the years, progress has been all too slow. This feeling is also engendered by the policies and practices of your administration: the "southern strategy" which leads to the conclusion that blacks are dispensable. * * * The neglect of urban problems; insufficient support of education, especially of schools and colleges attended largely by blacks; Your nomination of justices to the Supreme Court; Your hesitancy to support strong measures to assure the voting rights of black citizens; Your own failure to use your great moral influence to bring the people of this great nation together. * * * Added to this the tone of your administration as exemplified by the statements of the Vice President and the Attorney General with resultant fears of repression; by statements by members of your admiinstrtion of "benign neglect" and of "law and order" without justice. We add that blacks, and especially black students, have the same concerns as other Americans. (Continued on page 24)

Among the groups of educators were the presidents of Jackson (Miss.) State College, where two students were killed by police gunfire, and south Carolina State College, where three students were shot to death in 1958. Nixon wanted to discuss with the presidents "the problems that black universities and black students face in this country." The killing orders unrest

Jackson State deaths plus the of six Negroes during street disat Augusta, Ga., both increased on black campuses.

The meeting was requested by Brother James E. Cheek, president of Howard University in Washington, after the Augusta slayings, but before the Jackson State incident. Among those invited to the meeting were Dr. John A. Peoples, president of Jackson State and Dr. George Nance of South Carolina State at Orangeburg. The meeting came amid growing criticism of Nixon Administration policy toward blacks.

Mr. President: We represent the National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education, an organization representing all of the predominantly black colleges and universities of the nation. We come to express the anger, outrage, and frustration of the black people of this nation. We wish to convey to you the disenchantment of blacks, especially black youth, with our society and with the federal government. This feeling is engendered by a number of long-standing conditions: manifestations of racism in all areas of American life; inadequate educational opportunities for blacks and other disadvantaged minorities; widespread poverty and hunger in this affluent nation; high unemployment rates among the blacks and racial discrimination in employment; racial differentials in law enforcement procedures; and deplorable housing conditions.


LETTER TO PRESIDENT N I X O N (Continued from page 23) They are concerned about Vietnam and Cambodia and the large proportion of our national energies devoted to militarism; they are concerned about manifestations of racism; they are deeply concerned by the recent tragedies of Kent State, Augusta, Georgia, and Jackson State. * * * Mr. President, these are strong words which convey to you the feelings of the black people and especially the black students of this nation. These are the bases of unrest and violence. These are the causes of the increasing alienation of black youth. We are convinced, too, that this nabasic problems which demand your immediate attention. We are convenced, too, that this nation has the strength, the resources and the moral fibre to solve these problems. * • » So, Mr. President, with the background of Augusta, Jackson State, and recently in Savannah, we present to you the following list of questions posed to lead to an agenda for action to meet this dire need in American life. 1. What actions need to be taken to convince young black Americans that racism — institutionalized and casual — is being eliminated from American society? 2. What actions are being or should be taken to protect the rights of young black people? 3. What positive aid can be given to those American institutions concerned with enlarging the opportunities for young blacks? * * * 4. What more can be done to convince young black people that the divisions in American life are being healed? 5. What are the specific acts which the government can undertake immediately to mobilize public opinion, public sentiment, and public action in support of the legitimate aspirations and hopes of young black people? In that context, we make the following proposals: 1. A Presidential message on national television reaffirming the federal government's resolve to protect the lives of black citizens. It must be clear that there is no compromise with any regional groups on the rights of black Americans. 24

2. A liaison mechanism be set up to involve more black Americans in the formulation of domestic policies. All major councils involving advice to the President should include black Americans. This meeting with black college Presidents should be but the first of a series of meetings with various segments of the black community. 3. Black college students are their own best spokesmen. A Presidential conference with such a group should be held as soon as possible. A sense of their mood is crucial to understanding the urgency of greater responsiveness to the black community. * * * 4. Executive orders should be issued embodying federal recommendations to all state and local law enforcement agencies on the use of guns for crowd control. A specific recommendation is no loaded guns on campuses. 5. Appointment of a black Deputy Attorney General of unquestioned commitment to civil liberties to be responsible for investigations and recommendations for prosecutions of unarmed citizens and to monitor the use of law enforcement assistance. 6. An immediate and comprehensive review of the budget proposals for fiscal 1972 be undertaken to increase the funding of all those programs most responsive to improving the educational institutions of black Americans and that strnegthen the overall internal life of the black community across the nation. We trust our comments have defined the special context within which the black college student views the other issues of importance, Vietnam and Cambodia, and the large proportion of our national energies devoted to militarism. Our fiscal hope is that a new window has been furnished you through which you can view the reality of whether the nation is being brought together. Ours is no easy assignment, but it must be done. How well it is discharged will depend in large measure upon the willingness of all of us to take up each others burdens in order that the oppressed may go free. With the hand of God to guide our footsteps and the torch of right and justice to light our way, we pledge our best efforts and our best energies to the service of our people on behalf of our nation's future.

HOWARD UNIVERSITY Granted $305,293 Howard University in Washington, D. C , will receive a $305,293 grant to recruit and train 250 outstanding young attorneys to work in Legal Services Programs throughout the country, the Office of Economic Opportunity announced this week. The Reginald Heber Smith Fellows Program, which was named after a pioneer in legal service to the poor has become one of the most important programs within Legal Services. The University of Pennsylvania has administered the program for the past three years and has recruited and trained 400 of the nation's top young attorneys in the new and developing area of poverty law. Howard University will now assume the administration of the program and the responsibility of recruiting and training 250 young lawyers. This grant will cover the initial recruiting and administration costs of the Fellowship Program. The University will begin a nationwide search for the top legal talent in the country. When the 250 Fellows have been selected, they will undergo an intensive orientation and training period, after which they will be assigned to local Legal Service Program offices for the remainder of their fellowship year. The Reginald Herber Smith Fellows will meet at Howard University during the summer for training. The main body of curriculum, prepared by the faculty, consists of case handling and interviewing with special focus on family and consumer law and housing and welfare problems. Special emphasis is also given to legal bibliography concentrating on areas of concern to poverty lawyers (such as administraitve regulations), which are often unfamiliar to the average attorney. The curriculum includes coordinated working relationships with the Office of Economic Opportunity, Bar Associations and Legislators. Glenn Carr is the project director.

Brother Manning Appointed Dean-Paul Quinn College

Brother Kelley Elected BSA Council in Georgia

Brother Ft .D. Manning

Brother O. S. Kelley

WACO, TEXAS — Dr. Stanley E. Rutland, president of Paul Quinn College, has announced the appointment of Brother Reuben D. Manning, a Waco native, as Dean of Academic Affairs. This appointment becomes effective June 1, 1970, when Manning completes his duty as chairman of the department of biology at Langston University in Oklahoma. The 39-year-old educator is a career teacher who received scientific acclaim as associate professor and chairman of the department of biology at Jarvis Christian College, in Hawkins. Brother Manning also taught at Bishop College before going to Oklahoma, where he was research professor in Psychophysiology, in addition to his other duties. Brother Manning graduated from Moore High School with outstanding honors, and he received the Bachelor of Science from Paul Quinn while majoring in natural science. He was awarded the Master's of Science by Texas Southern University in Houston, and the Doctorate in college teaching from North Texas State University in Denton. He has numerous credits in the field of science from the Universities of California, Oklahoma, and Texas. In 1967, he received the Special Certificate for studies in the history and philosophy of science and mathematics from American University in Washington. His civic and professional associations are: Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., YMCA, Boy Scouts of America, NAACP, United States Jaycees, American Institute of Biological Science, Oklahoma

Gamma Omicron Lambda, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity is pleased and honored by accomplishments made and awards granted to brothers in the Chapter. A special honor goes to Brother O. S. Kelley, Principal of Carver Junior High School, Albany, Georgia, who recently was elected to the Board of Directors of Chehaw Council of the Boy Scouts of America. Additionally, Brother Kelley is active in organizations in his profession, and serves as Sunday School Teacher and Chairman of the Board of Deacons at the Mt. Zion Baptist Church here in Albany. We are proud of all brothers — today, Brother Kelley. Sincerely, N. F. Davis, Editor

Brother Daniel G. Kean

PITTSBURGH — Brother Daniel G. Kean has been appointed to the newly created position of administrator for equal employment opportunity for Gulf Oil Corporation. The announcement was made by President B. R. Dorsey. Kean, who had been a senior public relations representative in the Advertising and Public Relations Department, now will be responsible for advising and assisting in the implementation of Gulf policies in the area of minority group em-ployment. He will be headquartered in Gulfs Pittsburgh executive offices.

HOWARD PREXY Academy of Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Beta Kappa Chi Scientific Society, National Institute of Science, Oklahoma Education Association, Phi Delta Kappa Education Fraternity, American Association of Science Teachers. Brother Manning is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur J. Manning of 2726 South Tenth Street in Waco, and he is married to the former Jean Bell of LaMarque. Some of Manning's publications are: Audio Tape Manual for General Biology, Langston University, 1967; Patterns of Cardiac Arousal During Responses to Speech Messages, Determined by Telemetry, and others.

(Continued from page 7) The hazards of the course we have set are well known to us; the dangers in this task are both vivid and real. But each generation of men must confront die tasks it has been assigned. Ours is no easy assignment, but it must be done. How well it is discharged will depend in large measure upon the willingness of all of us to take up each others burdens in order that the oppressed may go free. With the hand of God to guide our footsteps and die torch of right and justice to light our way, we pledge our best efforts and our best energies to the service of our people on behalf of our nation's future. 25

Coal for the Seventies -


HOST CHAPTERS: Psi, Rho, Zeta Omicron Lambda


1:00 2:30 3:30 4:00 5:00 8:00 9:00

P.M. P.M. P.M. P.M. P.M. P.M. P.M.

Registration and Information (Daily) Executive Secretary—Convention Offices (Daily) BOARD OF DIRECTORS MEETING Hospitality Centers (Daily) Host Chapters (Women and Children) Family Tours, Social Activities—Host Chapters Golf - Swimming Board of Directors' Luncheon - Meeting Committee Meetings Undergraduate Picnic (Psi Chapter Host) Building Foundation Educational Foundation Children's Party Social Activity (Smoker and Ladies Reception) Saturday, August 1, 1970

9:00 A.M. 10:00 A.M. 10:00 A.M. 11:45 2:00 2:00 2:00 2:00 9:00 10:00

A.M. P.M. P.M. P.M. P.M. P.M. P.M.

Registration and Information Committee Meetings Family Tours—Shopping, Hospitality, Rooms (Women and Children) Keynote Luncheon Day in Las Vegas—Women—Informal Wear Pre-Teens Movies, Cartoons Teens (Tour) First Business Session Social Activity (Inter-Greek Dance—Informal) College Brothers Convention Dance

Sixty-fourth Annual Convention Headquarters: Sheraton Hotel, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Sunday, August 2, 1970 9:00 A.M. 9:00 A.M. 10:00 A.M. 11:00 A.M. 4:00 P.M. 9:00 P.M.

Registration and information Bowling Tournament (Host Chapters) Golf Tournament, Freeway Golf Course (Host Chapters) Board of Directors and Committee Chairman Church Services Committee Meetings Public Program Social Activity (Reception, Open House, etc.) Host Chapters Monday, August 3, 1970

Tomb of Unknown Soldiers of the American Revolution, stands in Washington Square.


8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:00 12:00 12:00 2:00 8:00 9:00

A.M. A.M. A.M. A.M. A.M. P.M. P.M. P.M. P.M. P.M.

Coffee Hour Registration and Information SECOND BUSINESS SESSION Pre-Teens Teens Ladies' Luncheon and Fashion Show Founders' Luncheon THIRD BUSINESS SESSION Teen Record Hop — (Local Disc Jockey) Cocktail Reception and Program — l'liila. Art Museum (Semi-Formal)

CONVENTION PROGRAM Tuesday, August 4, 1970 Life Members' Breakfast Coffee Hour Registration and Information Job Interview and Recruitment (Open to Community) 9:30 A.M. FOURTH BUSINESS SESSION 10:30 A.M Teen and Pre-Teens All Day Activities (Lunch) 11:00 A.M Ladies Day at the Races—Liberty Bell—Lunch and Fashion Show 2:00 P.M. Equal Opportunities Seminar 7:00 P.M. After Dinner Informal Discussion—"Tell It Like It Is" 9:30 P.M. Dance—Host Chapters 10:00 P.M. College Brothers Cabaret—Psi Chapter 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:00


Philadelphia's City Hall is America's largest and one of its most notable municipal government buildings.

This heroic-sized statute of William Penn stands atop City Hall Tower, 537 feet above street level.

Wednesday, August 5, 1970 8:30 A.M. 8:30 A.M. 9:00 A.M. 9:30 A.M. 10:00 A.M. 12:00 P.M. 2:00 P.M. 2:00 P.M. 6:00 P.M. 6:30 P.M. 7:30 P.M. 9:30 P.M.

Coffee Hour (Courtesy) College Brothers Breakfast Registration and Information FIFTH BUSINESS SESSION Teens and Pre-Teens Fraternal Luncheon Ladies Card Party—Shopping Final Business Session Alpha Formal Reception Children's Bufffet Supper and Hop (all children) Alpha Formal Banquet After Dinner Dance

The Rodin Museum which houses the Mastbaum Rodin sculpture, drawings and water colors.



Thursday, August 6, 1970 9:00 A.M. Board of Directors 11:00 A.M. Building Foundation 12:00 Noon Education Foundation POST CONVENTION ACTIVrnES Thursday, August 6 through Sunday, August 9, 1970 ATLANTIC CITY (Entertainment, Reception) OTHER ORGANIZED TOURS 27

CONVENTION PROGRAM Family Activities During Convention I.

LADIES Daily: Registration and Information Hospitality Centers (Women and Children) Baby-sitter Services (Also night) (Fee) Friday, July 31 9:00 P.M. Ladies Smoker Dress — Mod (micro - mini - midi - maxi) Pants — Gay or Casual Wear Saturday, August 1 2:00 P.M. Get Acquainted Party Attire — As "comfy" as you please or as pretty as dictates 9;00P.M. Inter-Greek Dance (Informal Attire)

The Philadelphia Museum of Art. This magnificent stands at the head of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway.


Sunday, August 2 11:00 A.M. Church Services 4:00 P.M. Public Program (Street Wear) 9:00 P.M. Reception (Informal Attire) Monday, August 3 8:30 A.M. Coffee Hour 12:00 Noon Ladies Fashion Show and Luncheon (Dress — "Out Pretty" the Models) 6:00 P.M. Cocktail Reception and Program "The Look" — Beautifully Semi-Formal for our Men 10:00 P.M. Informal Social Hour (Come relaxed for fun) Tuesday, August 4 8:30 A.M. Coffee Hour 11:00 P.M. Ladies' Day at the Races (Bus Service—Fee) Liberty Bell Park—Lunch and Fashion Show (Cool Casuals or Sport Togs) 7:00 P.M. "Alpha Night at the Phillies" (Phils vs. St. Louis) FEE (Take the whole family out to the game in sports attire) 10:00 P.M. Eastern Regional Reception (Informal Dress)


Monday, August 3 10:00 A.M. Good Ship LoUypop or Show Boat Tour (Fee) 10:00 A.M. Teens Bowling (Fee)

Elfreth's Alley, one of the Nation's dating to 7690.

oldest streets, with houses

Tuesday, August 4 10:30 A.M. Teens and Pre-teens all day activities—Franklin Institute (Lunch-Fee) Wednesday, August 5 10:00 A.M. Teens and Pre-teens 6:30 P.M. Children's Buffet Supper (Fee) 7:30 P.M. Teenage Hop 8:30 A.M. Coffee Hour 2:00 P.M. Day in Las Vegas (Sport togs—Cruise clothes— casual, etc) 6:00 P.M. Alpha Formal Reception (Femininely Formal) 7:30 P.M. Alpha Closed Banquet (Formal) 9:30 P.M. Alpha Formal Dance II. CHILDREN Friday, July 31 8:00 P.M. Children's Party Saturday, August 1 10:00 A.M. Smith's Playground (Outing) 2:00 P.M. Pre-teens Movies — Cartoons 2:00 P.M. Teens Splash Party



The Betsy Ross House in Philadelphia Old Glory."


is "The

Hall with Independence

Mall in the background.

Birthplace of


Family Tours can be arranged CHILDREN'S ATTIRE: Casual — sports, etc. except for Buffet Supper WEATHER — The weather at this time of the year is hot and humid (80° - 95°), however, the indoor facilities are air-conditioned We are looking forward to meeting, greeting and becoming better acquainted with you. If we can be of further service, please contact our representative: Mrs. Bernice W. Pree 6925 Anderson Street Philadelphia, Pa. 19119 Our plans are for your pleasure. Co-Chairmen: Mrs. St. Clair Hewitt Mrs. Irene Wisner

The heart of central Philadelphia is shown in this Aerial Photo. The open area is John F. Kennedy Memorial Plaza.

Photographs — Courtesy of Philadelphia Convention and Tourist Bureau



Standing left to right, Brothers James B. Shompson, James Saunders Leslie Pinkett, H. White McCo, Robert Chapman, Bruce Taylor, Fred S. A. Johnson, Chairman of Outreach Committee and, Robert Myers. The boys standing and seated are officers of the Clubs.

In the minutes of the 63rd Anniversary Convention, Brother Jesse Sterling referred to the Zeta Omicron Lambda and Beta Psi Chapters' Outreach Programs as having been most successful and effective. Why so few chapters have Outreach Programs? Is it that many do have programs but neglect to make it known? In the following paragraphs are the highlights of Zeta's Outreach work last year. The National Outreach Program is a tremendous vehicle by which the Chapters may be "SERVANTS OF ALL." (1) Zeta Omicron Lambda Chapter Outreach Committee is composed of nine brothers; (2) who recruited forty (40) additional chapter brother to render volunteer service to black youth of the community. (3) Recruited sixty-two (62) youth with leadership potential who organized themselves into four club groups, each club is affiliated with the nearest branch of the Y.M.C.A. (4) Stimulated the 62 youth to pay his annual Y.M.C.A. membership dues. (5) Twenty-four boys were elected officer of the Clubs by the Club members. (6) The boys invited nine Alpha brothers to serve as club advisors. (7) The Clubs held a total of 134 weekly meetinsg and special events to which there were a total aggregate attendance, 2142 club members and their guests. (8) Forty-four (44) Alpha brothers rendered a total of 669Vi hours of high quality service to the youth of our City. (Forty-four black successful men gave nearly 700 hours of time identifying with the 62 black youth, an element so very much needed by youth in improving his own self image.) (9) Zeta Omicron Lambda Chapter invested about $2000, chiefly to aid the youth in paying for their Y.M.C.A. membership dues. We herewith wish to make a summary report of the Outreach Committee for the program year as follows: 30

Committee Members Meetings Held Total Attendance Total Volunteer Hours Service to Youth

9 11 88 231

Youth Clubs Organized Youth Clubs 4 Club Officers 62 Club Officers 24 (each club select officers from its members) Regularly scheduled weekly meetings 121 Total Attendance at weekly meetings 1230 Special Events 14 Total Attendance, members and guests 911 Recapitulate: Boys Clubs—4, members enrolled—62, total number meetings and special events—134, with grand total attendance of members and guests—2141. Club Advisors and Aides Advisors 9 Present at regularly schdeuled Youth meetings and special events .. .134 Total Hours of service 494Vi Chaperons, guides, or volunteered their automobiles to assist with transportation 35 Hours of service 135

Brothers Hours Brothers Hours

Recapitulations: Brothers serving as advisors, chaperons or guides—43, present at meetings and special events—234, rendered a total of volunteer service—669V4 hours. Special Events: Phillies Baseball Games, Connie Mack Stadium Phila. 76ers Basbetball, Spectrum Social Parties, West Branch Y.M.C.A Picnic with Zeta Omicron Lambda Picnic Educational Trips United Nations, Radio City in New York and the Nation's Capitol, Washington, D.C. Collected Food for Poor People's March Annual Banquet, Trott Inn Youth Day, First Bapt. Church, Morton, Pa Penna. State Y.M.C.A. Youth Model Legislature, Capitol Harrisburg, Penna Total Special Events

2 1 4 1 2 1 1 1 1 14

Outreach Committee Members Fred S. A. Johnson Chairman Edward Wilkins Secretary Coordinators: David Lawrence Chaperons Clifford Hoe Program James B. Thompson Publicity Leslie S. Pinkett Banquet Other members Club Advisors

Zeta Omicron Lambda Chapter

BROTHER M A L GOODE Speaks at Johnson C. Smith University

Brother Malvin R. Goode Left to right standing, Bdothers Knight, Richard Lawrence, Stafford Can and Charles Keels. Lett to right seated, Brothers Stanley A. Lewis, Fred Johnson, Chairman of Outreach Committee and Edward Wilkins, Secretary of Outreach Committee.

Brothers who served as Advisors: Stanley A. Lewis Robert H. Myers, Jr. Leslie Pinkett James S. Saunders Chas. Keels

Robert Chapman Phillip Fletcher Phillip Hand Vincent Hawkins Bruce Taylor

Chaperons, Guides, and Transportation Aides: Ronald Bond Joseph Brumskill Richard Bryant Eugene Brockington Russell Brown Robert Davis Robert Chapman Frank Devine John T. Echols Alphonse Green Daniel Hall Clifford Hoe Vincent Hawkins James Hewitt Wilfred Jones Donald Jones Charles Keels Thurman Larick James Evans Knight

Richard Lawrence Harold McCoo Robert Myers, Jr. Marva Moody William Miller L. S. Pinkett James Saunders Frank Smith Leonard Sloan Bruce Taylor Norwood Thomas James B. Thompson Jesse Turner Emery Wilkins David Warrington Lawrence Workman Lloyd Yancey John Guyton Stafford Carr

Respectfully Submitted Fred S. A. Johnson, Chairman

Brother Malvin R. Goode, an American Broadcasting Company correspondent, delivered the Founders' Day Address on April 7. A graduate of the University of Pittsburgh, Brother Goode was already a veteran and respected newspaperman and experienced news broadcaster when he joined ABC News in August, 1962, as one of its United Nations correspondents. He had been with the Pittsburgh Courier 14 years when he transferred to the electronic medium, joining John MacVane, ABC News' chief UN correspondent, in covering the world organization. His first test was the Cuban missile crisis, just two months later. Before joining ABC, Brother Goode was appointed to a post with the Pittsburgh Juvenile Court in 1936, and became Boys Work Director of the Centre Avenue Y.M.C.A. where he led a fight to eliminate discrimination in Pittsburgh branches of the "Y". He also served with the Pittsburgh Housing Authority for six years. Brother Woodard author of "Black Power and Achievement Motivation." Brother Dr. Samuel L. Woodard, Rho Chapter, Philadelphia, had an article in the October issue of CLEARING HOUSE, A Journal for Modern Junior and Senior High Schools â&#x20AC;&#x201D; "Black Power and Achievement Motivation." Brother Dr. Woodard is Director of Program Implementation for Philadelphia School District. 31

Alpha Rho Lambda Chapter Holds Its First Annual Retreat Alpha Rho Lambda Chapter, Columbus, Ohio's Graduate Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Incorporated held its first annual retreat recently when its Community Action Committee went into action spearheaded by Brother Oscar J. Watson, its Program Chairman and by Brother Howard V. Ware the Committee Chairman. Alpha Rho Lambda pays special tribute to these two men for their untiring efforts to make this retreat a reality. The Retreat took place at the East Central Citizen's Organization Building here in Columbus, Ohio. The purpose of the Retreat was to get together and formulate plans and to reaffirm ourselves in Alphadom America, to become a part of The Establishment created by the "Melting Pot" which all other groups living in this Country, except the Black Man is a part. We feel it our duty to become involved and to become a part of that Power Structure which runs America socially .economically and otherwise. All other groups except the Black Man has been accepted by The American White Man, and are a part of The Establishment. During the time of The Retreat, a banquet was held and there were several top speakers on the program. Brother Howard V. Ware, Committee Chairman gave the Keynote Address. Other speakers were Brother Oscar J. Watson, Brother James A. Wright, Brother Warren L. Pemberton and Brother Frederick M. Chancellor Jr. After the speakers finished their addresses, general discussion were held and workable plans were formulated. Members of The Community Action Committee are Howard V. Ware, Chairman of The Committee; Oscar J. Watson, Program Chairman, Chapter President, Frederick M. Chancellor, James A. Wright, Nathaniel Mitchell, Warren L. Pemberton, Stanley J. Brue, Amos J. White, Robert W. Deiz and Freddie Williams. The Community Action Committee is behind several projects in their attempt to better conditions for the Black Man so that he may enjoy his rights as The First Class American Citizen that he actually is and which the American White Man is trying to deny him. They 32

Alpha Rho Lambda's Community Action Committee. Seated left to right—Brothers: James A. Wright, Howard V. Ware, Committee Chairman, F. M. Chancellor, Oscar J. Watson, Program Chairman. Standing Brothers: Nathaniel iMtchell, Warren L. Pemberton, Stanley J. Brue, Amos J. White, Robert W. Deiz. Not pictured—Freddie Williams.


Shown above are members of the Logan family, all are Alphas. Left to right: Leonard, John III, John Jr., Wendell, Thomas, Raymond, and George.

have contacted and interviewed both The School Board and The Safety Director and other organiaztions in this city. The Alpha Rho Lambda Chapter has a membership of over Forty-five ACTIVE MEMBERS. The Current Officers are: President—Frederick M. Chancellor Jr.


Vice President . . James W. Richman Recording Secretary . Eddie L. Francis Corresponding Secy. A. D. V. Crosby Treasurer Otis J. Henderson Sgt.-At-Arms Walter Penn Editor-To-The Sphinx Glenn D. Jones Financial Secretary. Freezel D. Calvin Chaplain Warren L. Pemberton Parliamentarian. . . John W. E. Bowen

Alpha Phi Alpha and Coca-Cola USA Announce Third Scholarship Program

Brothers Pawley and Wendall White

The third annual Coca-Cola USA — Alpha Phi Alpha scholarship program was announced jointly recently by Ernest Morial, President, and Kelvin A. Wall, Vice President and Manager of Market Development of Coca-Cola USA, sponsor of the scholarship award. It is one of ten national scholarships being awarded by Coca-Cola USA. The scholarship was developed by Coca-Cola USA in coopeartion with the fraternity to assist the organization in providing financial help to young Black students who are interested in furthering their education with special emphasis on those who could not otherwise afford to attend college. Past winners of the scholarship who are presently enrolled in college under the joint program include Delbert Stephens, currently a student at Drury College, Springfield, Missouri. Applications are being taken now through October 1, 1970, for the 1971-72 awards. High school juniors should be encouraged to apply through the local chapters. Special high school bulletin posters announcing the scholarship and application forms may be secured by writing Market Development, Coca-Cola USA, Post Office Drawer 1734, Atlanta, Georgia 30301. Chapters will secure nominees and submit their names to the National Scholarship Service and Fund for Negro Students, 1776 Broadway, New York, New York 10019. The National Scholarship Service and Fund for Negro Students will provide the initial screening of nominees submitted by chapters across the country, and final selection will be done by the Alpha Phi Alpha educational director. Each student nominated is eligible for the complete NSSFNS set of services, including their supplementary scholarship program and financial counseling. The scholarship will be awarded on the basis of college board examination scores, leadership qualiites, and th edesire to pursue a college education. Announcement of the scholarship winner will be a highlight of the Alpha Phi Alpha Convention held in Philadelphia in August.

The 351st Alpha Phi Alpha Undergraduate Chapter Established at Mississippi Valley State College

On December 13, 1969, ten determined Sphinxman "crossed the burning sands" into Alphaland as chartered members of the Zeta Phi Chapter, Mississippi Valley State College, Itta Bena, Mississippi. Zeta Phi Chapter is the fourth undergraduate chapter established in the state of Mississippi; the chapter proudly and very honorably announces its establishment and very happily pledges its long and most dutiful devotion and loyalty to Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. Standing left to right: Brothers David Grisby, Greenville, Miss.; Hollis D. Hunter, Forest, Miss.; Cornell Jones Holly Springs, Miss.; Hardrick Jennings, Adanta, Ga.; Clifton Booker, Jr., Senatobia, Miss.; Otis Drayden, Shreveport, La.; Gary A. MaGaha, Rienzi, Miss.; Isaac L. King, Natchez, Miss.; Zannie Bruce Strong, Bay Springs, Miss.; David E. Dennis, Belzoni, Miss. The Brothers of Zeta Phi Chapter express their highest appreciation to all of the brothers of the Epsilon XI Lamba Chapter, Mound Bayou, Miss., for their guidance and support. Brother Clifton Booker, Jr., Chapter Editor


See Ph

°<° on Lett

Dear Mr. King: It was noticed that in your OctoberNovember, 1969 edition, page 13, a picture of myself and Brother Thomas D. Pawley was used. An error was made in identifying me as the essay contest winner, where as I am actually the Account Executive for the Coca-Cola Company, the sponsor of the joint scholarship program. Incidentally, I am also a Brother and a member of Eta Lambda Chapter. I would appreciate your making that correction in the earliest possible edition, and, if possible, I would also like to have the enclosed photo returned to my office. Thank you very much. Sincerely, Brother Wendell White Account Executive 33

East Texas State University

a Sweetheart


Miss Thelma Ray Harris


Brother Robert A. Davis, one of the sponsors of Zeta Tau Chapter, served as Master of Ceremonies at the Neophytic Ball. Other guests; Dr. and Mrs. D. Whitney Halladay, President of E.T.S.U.; and Mrs. Pamela W. Davis, wife of Brother Davis.




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Brothers of Zeta Tau Chapter above are, from left to right: (first row) Brothers Ronald Scott and Melvin Lincoln; (second row) Brothers Donald Walker, Edgar Price, Larry Mumphrey, Robert Edison, Henry Moore and Willie Edwards; (third row) Brothers Gilfort Coleman, Judge Hall, Albert Rice, Marvin Williams, Troy Coleman and Tommy Simpson; (fourth row) Brothers Kenneth Berryman, James Adams, Paul Hicks, Kermit Jenkins, J. D. Harris, Clyde Austin and Bobby Pippins.


A neophytic chapter (Zeta Tau) of Alpha Phi Alpha was organized on the campus of East Texas State University in Commerce, Texas. The chapter was perceived during the spring semester of 1968 "out of a social desire" of twentyone black young men to enhance themselves socially as well as academically. Inspired by the common interest, and guided by Brother Robert A. Davis and Dr. J. Mason Brewer, the twenty-one members of Zeta Tau, during the fall semester, were involved in establishing a "structural and financial" status with the university and with the national office of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. On February 27, 1970, the Sphinxmen of the Zeta Tau chapter were initiated into the fraternity by the Brothers of Alpha Sigma chapter (Wiley College, Marshall, Texas). Brothers I. J. LaMothe, Warren Scott, and L. W. Garrett (all from Marshall, Texas) also assisted in the ceremonies. In an orientation meeting after the initiation, Brother LaMothe recognized and correlated the objective of the new chapter with that of the Seven Jewels: "out of social protest (and) out of a social desire" to enhance the black man's or student's status in the American society was the objective of our Founders at Cornell University; such was the objective of the twenty-one brothers of Zeta Tau at East Texas State University. The evening, February 27, 1970, was climaxed with a reception honoring the neophytic brothers of Zeta Tau chapter; Miss Thelma Ray Harris, the sweetheart (member of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority) was presented. The affair was also attended by members and friends from the administration, including President D. Whitney Halladay, and Vice-President and Mrs. John Koldus.


Iota Alpha Lambda Chapter


Celebrates Fourth Anniversary The lota Alpha Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity De Grace, Maryland celebrated

its fourth anniversary

Honorble George Russell, city solicitor

Brother meeting

I. J. LaMothe,

in an

with the Brothers


of Baltimore,


of Havre

in January. The speker was the Maryland.

orientation Zeta Tau

Chapter, Discussed the scope and objectives of the


Front Row, left to right: Kenneth Hilton,




George Russell, City Solicitor


of Baltimore,





Brothers Everett White, (Dr.) George Stansbury, Warden Stansbury, Roosevelt





Second Row, left to right: Brothers (Dr.) Lehman Spry, (Maj.)

Haigler, Kersey Jones, Treasurer, Ronald Bishop, Dean of Pledgees; right: Brothers (Visiting

Brother), Johnny Law (Ltc.) Alfred


Back Row, left to

Brooks, William

Clark, Par-


Assisting with the initiation one neophytic

of the twenty-

Brother Mack Curtis (left),

president of Alpha Sigma Chapter at Wiley College in Marshall, Coleman


Texas. Brother


is the present president

of Zeta Tau Chapter.

Lovely Alpha Wives



Brother Jim Sweeney Reports on Television WHIO-TV

Brother Leon J. Carter III


D. H. Hudson,


FRANKFORT, Germany â&#x20AC;&#x201D; A 1957 A & M graduate, Major Dewitt H. Hudson, Jr., is currently serving in the United States Army in Germany as the Provost Marshall for the 3rd Armored Division in Frankfurt. The 35 year old Major, a native of Cincinnati, Ohio, was graduated from Hughes High School there and continued his education at A & M where he earned his bachelor of science degree in education. 1954 through 1956 Major Hudson played the grid-iron for A & M and in 1957 was graduated with honors and was named outstanding ROTC cadet. In June of that year he was called to active duty. After spending two years in the infantry, he was assigned to the 716th Military Police Battalion at Fort Dix. While in the service Major Hudson kept up an active sports life by coaching basketball team to sweep the post chamFort Hood, Texas, Major Hudson coached the track team to take the Fourth Army Championship. Also in 1967, while at Fort Hood, he coached the 13 th Support Brigade basketball team to weep the post championship. The next year Major Hudson was assigned to Germany where he again coached basketball and there won two Munich Post Championship. Brother Hudson is presentiy residing in the Edwards Kaserne housing area and is married to the fromer Miss Ann E. Mobley of Ocala, Florida. 3(

Brother Leon J. Carter III, strategic air intelligence officer, son of Brother and Mrs. Leon Carter, Jr., Toledo, Ohio, was one of three officers selected to represent the 314th Air Division in competition for Pacific Air Forces Junior Officer of the year award. Captain Carter's duties, although assigned to the 603rd Direct Air Support Squadron at Osan, take him to Camp Long where he is an intelligence advisor for the First Republic of Korea Army, and Direct Air Support Center. He is responsible for keeping the center and Korean Army directors informed as to the tactiful air and ground positions of friendly and enemy forces. The junior of the year selectee considers his job challenging to make a foreign army understand the tactical air control system in order for them to utilize it to the fullest extent. In a statement from the support centers, director Captain Carter was lauded for his outstanding performance of duty, leadership abilities, and competetiveness. Captain Carter was commissioned through the Air Force Reserve Office Training Program where he received the Vice Commandant's award as a distinguished military graduate. He was selected to attend the Photo Interpretation course at Lowry A F B, Colorado, and graduated in the top 10 per cent of his class. He placed first in Defense Sensor Interpretation and Application Training Program March 28, 1969, in Omaha, Nebraska. The native Toledoan was an honor graduate from St. Frances de Sales High School in 1962. He attended Tennessee State A. & I. University where he earned a Bachelor of Science degree cum laude in pre-med biology. He is a past vicepresident of Beta Omicron Chapter on that campus.

Brother James Sweeney

Jim Sweeney, with the "Special Community Report," is a new dimension on the WHIO-TV Big News seen weekdays from 6:00-7:30 PM on CHANNEL 7. In his weekly reports, Sweeney discusses current community problems. Although many of the reports centers around the problems of the minorities, not all are negative. Brother Sweeney also is reporting the accomplishments within the community. Brother Sweeney is associated with the Dayton Human Relations Council and the West Dayton Coalition. He is chairman of the Human Relations' Consultants Committee and a past president of Theta Lambda chapter. He has written guest columns for the Dayton Journal Herald on community problems. Brother Sweeney was graduated from Case Western Reserve. He is currently chief of the operating funds budjet group for the Defense Electronic Supply Center. Submitted for publication in Sphinx by Brother Henry A. Wilson, President of Theta Lambda Chapter, Dayton, Ohio 4 April 1970

He was assigned to Korea last June, leaving the 4444th Reconnaissance Technical Group at Langley A F B, Virginia.

BROTHER LARRY S H A W "The Man In The Blue Dashiki"

Brother Lawrence

C. Shaw

Stax Record Company, home of the Memphis Sound, recently announced the appointment of Brother Lawrence C. Shaw, Jr. as Advertising and Creative Director of Stax Record Company. Born in Memphis, Shaw is 31. A pioneer in the establishment of the first Black owned and operated national account-billing advertising agency, Vince Cullers Advertising, Inc. Chicago, Illinois, Brother Shaw was the agency's first Art Director. Wantu Wazuri His most recent position with Vince Cullers was that of Broadcast Director, where he produced such well known radio commercials as "The Bold Soul in the Blue Dashiki" for Newport Cigarettes and "Wantu Wazuri Beautiful People" for Johnson Products Company's Afro Sheen. A graduate of Illinois State College, he studied Visual Communications at the Design Institute of Illinois Institute of Technology and the Chicago Art Institute. He co-ordinated Southern Christian Leadership o p e r a t i o n Breadbasket's School of Afro-American thought and lectured at Chicago's Central "Y" College where he served on the Curriculum Development Advisory Board and directed an Afro-American Studies Program.

Brother McLaurin Examines Students Bole in Social Change CHICAGO — "Money — economic power — is the final battle line for blacks," a black economist and businessman told a national gathering of business students on The University of Chicago campus. "You will find yourself sitting with whites on the board of education, the board of the Boys' Club — but not on the corporate board of directors." Brother Dunbar McLaurin, of New York, president of Ghettonomics, Inc., made these remarks in a talk opening a two-day conference of 75 students enrolled in master of business administrations studies at 29 graduate schools of business in the nation's most prestigious universities. Also present were faculty members and administrators of the schools and executives from a score of major business corporations. The conference was the first of its kind blacks at the growing number of young blacks receiving university education for business careers. It was organized and conducted by students at the University of Chicago's Graduate School of Business. Discussions at the conference focused on: Are graduate schools of business geared to the needs and interests of black students? How do business-educated blacks fit into white-dominated professional organizations? Where can a black with an advanced degree go in corporate management, and what are his alternatives to corporate employment?

Brother Shaw will continue to serve as Director of Advertising and Communications for SCLC's Operation Breadbasket. He is also Director of Afro-American Interpretive Research Associates, an independent consultant firm specializing in education and Black idiom in creative communications, headquartered in Chicago. Brother Shaw, a widower, lives in Memphis with his three children, Kim 10, Ingrid 8, and Lawrence III 6.

Brother Myron Johnson Directs Talent Hunt

Brother Myron Johnson shows his Alpha medallion to Mrs. Bonner at the 25th Annual Alpha Winter Formal in Oakland, California.

Brother Johnson Brother Myron H. Johnson, assistant principal-administration, of James Denman Junior High School, on leave from the San Francisco Unified School District, is directing the "Minority Talent Search" program. As project director, he will be responsible for identifying under-achievers including students still in school, young adults with families and returning veterans, who with special guidance can be motivated for college. He will also aid colleges and universities in developing programs to meet the needs of such students. The program, sponsored by the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, is administered by PACT's Education Clearinghouse. Brother Johnson has been a teacher for 20 years. Before coming to San Francisco in 1958, he taught and held administrative posts in Georgia public schools in addition to teaching in Morris Brown College, Atlanta, and Atlanta University. From 1965 to 1967 Brother Johnson directed the San Francisco Unified School District's in-school Neighborhood Youth Corps and later served as head counselor in Aptos and Denman Junior Highs. 37

BROTHER FRANK PRINCE Torch Bearer for Americen and Caribbean Games

Brother Owens Elected to City Council in Virginia


H. A. Owens

Doctor Hugo A. Owens is a native of Norfolk County (now Chesapeake) Virginia. He attended the public schools of Norfolk County and graduated from Virginia State College in 1939 with a B.S. Degree in General Science. He was appointed assistant principal and teacher of science in Maryland where he worked for three years before returning to Portsmouth to teach chemistry and physics at the I. C. Norcom High School.

TORCH BEARER â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Brother Frank Prince, former Olympic middle distance champion, carries foot-long silver torch to light flame for the 11th Central America nand Caribbean Games in the Republic of Panama, at Estadio, Olimpico, Revolution. Prince, a science teacher at JHS 249, Brooklyn, was accorded the highest distinction ever by the Panamanian Games Organizing Committee to one of its outstanding athletes when he was invited to return to his homeland to perform the honors to rthe Games inaugural.

G A M M A IOTA CHAPTER . . . Brother Frank A. Prince (Gamma Iota Lambda Chapter) a native of Panama City, Panama and graduate of Savanah State College, Savannah, Ga., put Savannah State on the sport map. He brought the school honors in the south and north. Established records in 880 yards and mile runfor N.Y. Pioneers Track Club, represented Panama in Olympic Games in Central and South America, 800 and 1500 meters champion and record holder in Central American and Caribbean Games, 800 and 1500 meters champion and recordholder in Bolvian Olympic Games. Brother Prince had won more gold medals for Panama than any other Athlete in its history. (8 gold and 2 silver metals.) He was proclaimed the greatest athlete in the history of Panama. 38

In 1942 Dr. Owens entered the U.S. army and served as a battalion personnel clerk before being transferred into the army specialized training program. Under this program he attended the college of dentistry, Howard University where he was elected to Chi Lambda Kappa and Omicron Kappa UpsilonHonorary Dental Societies. He graduated Cum Laude in June, 1947. After a brief period of practicing in Washington, D.C., Dr. Owens returned to Portsmouth and established his practice. Since returning to Portsmouth Dr. Owens has been active in many areas: In 1950 he headed a group of litigants in the first suit filed against the city of Portsmouth by Negroes to force desegregation of the city parks. Later in 1953 he initiated a suit against the city challenging the lilly-white city cemeteries. This suit resulted in forcing the city out of the cemetery business. This suit was followed later by another suit which challenged the Portsmouth redevelopment and housing authority's policy of segregated housing. (Cotinued on page 39)

Brother Kemp Winner of The Commanding

Doctor of the Year

Officers Scientific Achievement Award

Brother Maryland D. Kemp, right, 3340 Highwood Dr., S.E., Washington, a graduate of the J. C. Smith University, Charlotte, N.C., and Howard University, Washington, was chosen over three other nominees to receive the Commanding Ofticer's Scientific Achievement award at the 13th annual awards ceremonies at the U.S. Army Mobility Equipmnt Research and Development Center, Fort Belvoir. Dr. Robert B. Dillaway, Deputy for Laboratories, U.S. Army Material Command, presented the handsome plaque-mounted medal to Brother Kemp, a research physicist in the Intrusion Detection and Sensor Laboratory.

Brother Maryland D. Kemp, a graduate of the Johnson C. Smith University, Charlotte, N.C., and Howard University, has been named winner of the Commanding Officer's Scientific Achievement Award at the U.S. Army Mobility Equipment Research and Development Center, Fort Belvoir, Virginia. He received the award from Dr. Robert B. Dillaway, Deputy for Laboratories, U.S. Army Material Command, at the Center's 13th annual awards ceremonies at which two other employees received the Commanding Officer's Awards for Technological Achievement and Leadership. Brother Kemp was selected over three other candidates for the Scientific award on the basis of his significant contributions to the knowledge and understanding of the detection of explosives by trace gas methods. A research chemist in the Intrusion Detection and Senor Laboratory, he de-

veloped special techniques for absolute purification of explosives and for accurately determining basic data on explosives specifically concerned with volatility and ambient vapor pressure. These data are critical to the development of beyond the state-of-the-art detection devices of major miiltary importance. Brother Kemp received a B.S. degree from the Johnson C. Smith University where he was a Magna Cum Laude graduae in 1940, and took his Master's from Howard University in 1959. He has been employed at the R&D Center since 1957, and was the recipient of a Secretary of the Army Research and Study Fellowship which enabled him to study at Briston University, Bristol, England, in 1961-62. He resides with his wife, Celeste, and son, Douglass, at 3340 Highwood Dr., S.E., Washington.


Willard B. Smith

Brother Willard B. Smith received "The Doctor of the Year Award" at the California Chiropractic Association's Convention. Brother Smith a native of Shreveport, La., lives in Richmond, California. He Is active in the NUL, NAACP and is Public and Community Relations Director of the West Oakland Health Center

BROTHER OWENS (Continued from page 38) In recent months Dr. Owens has devoted many hours to the study of AfroAmerican History. He was a founder and president of the Negro Heritage Library of Southside Virginia, Inc. and more recently an organizer of the Virginia branch of the association for the study of Negro life and history. At present, he is promoting and encouraging the study of black history in the Tidewater area. Dr. Owens is married to the former Miss Helen West, a teacher in the Chesapeake school system. They are the parents of three children, Paula C. a graduate of Fisk University now employed in New York by IBM, D. Patrice a sophomore at Elmhurst College in Chicago and Hugo junior, a junior in Saint Emma Military Academy, Powhatan, Virginia. Dr. and Mrs. Owens reside in Chesapeake, Virginia. 39



Rites for

Brother J. Frank Allen

Brother David Spot wood, M.D.

Dies in Chicago

Brother Horace M . Frazier Victim of Heart Attack

Prominent Tenn. Physician PULASKI, Tenn. â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Funeral services were held recently for Brother David Marshall Spotwood, prominent physician and member of the State Board of Education. He died at Hubbard Hospital, Meharry Medical College. Reflecting his love of humanity, exemplified in his compassion on and interest in people, hundreds of mourners viewed the remains in the auditorium of Martin College where the services were held. He was a member of the Martin Board of Trustees. A Native of Harrisburg, Pa. and son of the late Thomas and Maggie Spotwood, the physician was a graduate of the University of Pittsburgh and Meharry Medical College, and began his practice in Pulaski in 1944. In 1964 he opened an additional office in Columbia. A member of Campbell AME Church, he devoted attention to many professional, civic, and fraternal organizations. These included were the Tuberculosis Association in Pulaski of which he was vice president. He was director of the Pulaski Mental Health Center; a past president of the Giles County Medical Society; President of L. M. Donalson Medical Society of Fayetteville and held mmebership in the state and national medical associations. A 33rd degree mason, he held several offices which included grand medical director, Prince Hall Lodge, and recently had been elected to the Giles County Jury Commission. He was married in 1937 to the former Miss Ruth Waldon who survives. In addition to his wife, Brother Spotwood is survived by a son, Bayne of Pulaski; sister, Mrs. Basshunter Jackson, Brooklyn, N.Y.; William Bayne Spotwood, Harrisburg, Pa., and aunt, Mrs. Martha Crawford, East Elmhurst, Long Island, N.Y. 40

Brother J. Frank Allen

Brother James F. Allen was born to Mr. and Mrs. Ernest B. Allen of Charlottesville, Virginia on October 22, 1928. He was educated in Albermarle County Schools and was graduated from Kentucky State University. He earned his Masters Degree from Chicago State College. Brother Allen served his country as a member of the Marine Corps during the Korean Conflict. He was a member of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, initiated in Beta Mu chapter, Kentucky State College. * * Âť At the time of his death he was employed by the Chicago Board of Education as a specialist in Operation Analysis. Prior to his appointment he served the children of Chicago as an assistant principal of Parker and Forrestville High Schools. His death occurred on Friday, June 12, 1970. Brother Allen leaves to mourn a wife, two children, two sisters, two brothers, many other relatives and friends.

W e Mourn the Passing of the Following Brothers Barnes, Barnett Brooks, Brown,

Edward .Harold J. John McKinley Leroy D.

1953 Meharry Medical School photo of Dr. Horace M. Frazier .pathologist, who collapsed and died In a Baltimore theatre. He was in Baltimore to address a Meharry alumni meeting. He was also a graduate of Howard University.

Brown, William H. (Chicago) Cade, John Brother Cassell, Albert I. Charles, Augustus W. Curtis, George Dewey Dayis, Ira P. Dobbs, David H. Embry, Lester Sr. Howe, Stephen C. Jackson, Henry B. Jackson, William N. Lacey, Frederick J. Lay, Roy A. Logan, Charles W. Lomans, Gillespie G. Lovelace, William N. McGahy, James A. Mellon, Horacw M. Miller, Paul R. Mosely, S. Meredith Nann, Charles L. Porter, Janes A. Price, Robert Judson Robinson, Harold Simmons, Wiley N. Spann, Enoch Stirrup, E. W. Franklin Jr. Winston, Leslie M. Woodard, Joseph A.


WHAT ARE YOUR PLANS? I CHOOSE A CAREER IN DENTISTRY For college students seeking a challenge


COMMUNITY SERVICE - LEADERSHIP INDEPENDENCE - SECURITY For admission requirements and other information call 797-1330 or visit the office of the Dean at 600 W ST., N.W.


The Sphinx 4432 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive Chicago, Illinois 60653 Return Requested

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The SPHINX | Summer 1970 | Volume 56 | Number 2 197005602  

MLK Scholarships. Brother Richard V. Moore. Pride of Black and Old Gold. Alpha Naval Officers. Massacre at Jackson State.