CHRiSTmns EDITIOIl Pvt. Lewis O . Swingler, editorin-chief of the Sphinx magazine, official publication of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorporated. Brother Swingler who is now on leave from his duties as editor-inchief of the Sphinx, is with the United States A r m e d Forces, and is stationed at Fort Benning, Georgia. W e know that as a soldier he will fight for the four freedoms, the spirit of Democracy, the victory on the battle front and the victory on the home f r o n t . The spirit of Alpha and its shining light will be in abundance wherever he marches as a soldier and as a brother.
DECEI11BER, 1 9 4 3
A L P H A PHI A L P H A FRATERNITY,
BAYFOBD W. LOGAN President Howard University, Washington, D. C. B U T A. McDONALD First Vice-President 319 East 48th St.. Los Angeles, Calif. FIBDINAND L. ROUSSEVE Second Vice-President 4636 Willow Street, New Orleans, La. JOHN FLEMING Third Vice-President 1532 Linn Street, Cincinnati, Ohio ANDREW B. TYLER Fourth Vice-President 462 West 146th St., New York City JOSEPH H. B. EVANS General Secretary 101 S. Street, N. W-, Washington, D. C. FARROW It. ALLEN Treasurer 337 West 138th St., New York City LEWIS O. SWINGLEB Editor of the Sphinx 390 V2 Beale Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee M. G. FERGUSON Managing Editor of The Sphinx Chairman, Auditing Committee Citizens Savings <Ss Trust Co.. Nashville, Tena, B. COUNCILL TRENHOLM Director of Education Alabama State College, Montgomery, Ala. BELFORD V. LAWSON. JR. General Counsel 2001 11th. N. W., Washington, D. C. LAY MEMBERS EXECUTIVE COUNCIL Edward W. Brooke, 1262 Hamlin Street, N. E., Washington, D. C , Honorary. Thomas E. Kelley, Wilberforce University, William T. Patrick, Jr., Clark Hall, Howard University, Washington, D. C ; Chas. D. Proctor. Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn. BELFORD V. LAWSON, JR Chairman, Chapter Housing Commission 2001 11th St., N. W., Washington, D. C HOWARD H. LONG Chairman, Committee on Public Policy 1112 Oirard St., N. W., Washington, D. C. HENBY L. DICKASON Chairman, Committee on Standards Bluefleld State Teachers College, Bluefield, West Virginia
ROBERT P. DANIEL Chairman. Budget Committee Shaw University, Raleigh, North Carolina CHARLES H. WESLEY Historian Wilberforce University, Wilberforce, Ohio KERMIT J. HALL Director, Transportation State Teachers College, Bluefleld, West Va. JEWELS Dr. Henry A. Callis, 2306 E St., N. E., Washington, D. C.i Nathaniel A. Murray, 150 You Street, N. W., Washington, D. C ; Vertner W. Tandy, 221 West 139th St., New York, N. Y.; George B. Kelly, l-113th Street, Troy, New York. •Charles H. Chapman—'Roy H. Ogle—'James H. Morton—'Deceased. REGIONAL DIRECTORS WESTERN JURISDICTION—Bert A. McDonald, Vice-President; Walter M. Booker, Prairie View College, Prairie View, Texas; James A Robinson, 850 East 49th Place, Los Angeles, Calif.; Bernard E. Squires, 326 Railway Exchange Bldg., Seattle, Washington. SOUTHERN JURISDICTION—Ferdinand L. Rousseve, Vice-President; Region:—Louisiana, Arkansas, Miss., Southern Vice-President in charge; Harold Luclen, Dillard University, New Orleans, La., Undergraduate Director; C. M. Roulhac, Jr., 810 E. McLemore, Memphis, Tenn.; Andrew J. Lewis II. 525 Tatnall St., Atlanta. Ga.; John P. Bond. 13'/a E. Hargett St., Raleigh, North Carolina EASTERN JURISDICTION—Andrew R. Tyler, Vice-President; John M. Moore, Va. Union University, Richmond, Va.; G. A. Galvin, 216 West State St., Ithaca, N. Y.; Frank Morris, Jr., 1519 Page Street, Philadelphia, Pa.; William J. Parks, Jr., 1917 3rd St., N. W., Washington, D. C.i Rufus Hackett, 536 McCulloh St., Baltimore, Md.; and Thomas A. Center, 54 Mt. Pleasant, North Cambridge, Mass. MIDWESTERN JURISDICTION—John W. Fleming, Vice-President; John R. Lawrence, Jr., 947 Iglehart Ave., St. Paul, Minn.; J R Lillard, 2547 Tracy Avenue, Kansas City, Mo.; Attorney Charles F. Lane, 417 East 47th Street, Chicago, Illinois.
CHAPTER ROSTER 28.
1. ALPHA—Cornell University, I t h a c a , N. Y.; President, Dr. Q. A. Galvin, 216 W. S t a t e Street; Secretary, Dr. Albert P. J o h n son, 216 W. S t a t e Street. 2. BETA—Howard University, W a s h i n g t o n , D. C ; President, W i l l i a m T. Patrick; Cor. Secretary, R o l l l n Williams, Howard University. 3. GAMMA—Virginia U n i o n University, R i c h m o n d , Va.; Presid e n t , E. D. McCreary, Jr.; Secretary, Lee A. Barnes, Va. Union University. 4. DELTA—Tillotson College, A u s t i n , Texas; President, S a m u e l Puller; Secretary, Jesse B e t h e l , T i l l o t s o n College. 5. EPSILON—University of M i c h i g a n , A n n Arbor, Mich.; Presid e n t , J o h n L. S. H o l l i m a n , Jr.; Secretary, Henry C. Everett, 116 Victor C. V a u g h H o u s e , U n i v e r s i t y of M i c h i g a n . 6. ZETA—Yale University, New Haven, Conn.; President, C. A. Tribbett, 124 Dlxwell Ave., Secretary; T. R. P e t t y j o h n , 77 D l c k e r m a n Street. 7. E T A — C o l u m b i a University, St. Lawrence, B r o o k l y n C. C , St. J o h n University, Brooklyn, N e w York City; President, Mac C. Davies, 79 St. N i c h o l a s A v e n u e , N. Y. C.; Secretary, Lloyd C. Best, 217 W. 120 N. Y. C. 8. THETA—University Chicago, Chicago, 111.; President, Clift o n O. D u m m e t t , 311 E. C h i c a g o Avenue, Box 158, Chicago. 111.; Secretary, Frank: A. B a n k s , 740 E. M a r q u e t t e Road. 9. I O T A — A t l a n t a , Georgia; T o be set u p . 10. K A P P A — O h i o S t a t e University, Ohio; P r e s i d e n t , Lionel H. N e w s o m , 51 East 11th Ave.; Secretary, J a m e s K. A n t h o n y , 68 E. 11th Ave., C o l u m b u s , O h i o . 11. M U — U n i v e r s i t y of M i n n e s o t a , Minneapolis, Minnesota; President, J o h n R. Lawrence, 947 Iglehart Ave., St. Paul, M i n n . . Secretary, J o h n M. P a t t o n , 954 St. A n t h o n y Ave., St. Paul, M u m . 12. N U — L i n c o l n U n i v e r s i t y , Pa.; President, Charles Okedas; Secretary, Robert Frazier, L i n c o l n University, Pa. 13. XI—Wilberforce U n i v e r s i t y , Ohio; P r e s i d e n t , Everard A. H u g h e s ; Secretary, W i l l i a m B. Shropshire, Wilberforce U n i versity, Wilberforce, O h i o . 14. O M I C R O N — P i t t s b u r g h , Pa., P r e s i d e n t , P a u l L. Jones, 228 W e s t 14th, H o m e s t e a d , Pa.; Secretary M c D o n a l d Williams, 201 M i c h i g a n Avenue, Betshoover, P i t t s , Pa. 16. P I — W e s t e r n Reserve, Cleveland, Ohio; President, S a m u e l Wade, 2285 East 8 9 t h Street; Secretary, J o s e p h D . S m i t h , 2813 Central Avenue, N. 584. 18. R H O — G r a d u a t e Group, P h i l a d e l p h i a , P e n n s y l v a n i a ; Pres. Dr. W. P. Jerrick, 1843 C h r i s t i a n St.; C. Sec. Dr. O. W i l s o n W i n t e r s , 28 Curren Arcade; P. Sec. Norrlstown, Pa.; P. Sec. Dr. Percy I. Bowser. 5344 R a c e St. 17. SIGMA—Harvard University, Boston, Mass.; President. T h o m a s Center, 12 H u b b a r d Ave., Cambridge. Mass.; S e c retary, G. S a m u e l Darrell, 137 Harold St., Roxbury, Mass. 18. T A U — U n i v e r s i t y of Illinois. C h a m p a i g n - U r b a n a , Illinois; P r e s i d e n t N a t h a n i e l B. Green; 1301 West Clark, Urbana, 111.; Secretary. R o b e r t Claybrooks. 10. TJPSILON—University of K a n s a s , K a n s a s S t a t e Teachers College, Emporia, K a n s a s ; K a n s a s S t a t e College of Agricult u r e & Applied Science, M a n h a t t a n , Kansas, Lawrence, K a n s a s ; President, R o b e r t N. Clark; Secretary, J a m e s D. Walker, 1101 Mississippi Street, Lawrence, K a n s a s . 20. P H I — O h i o University, A t h e n s , Ohio: INACTIVE 31. CHI—Meharry Medical College. Nashville, Tenn.; President. Axel H a n s o n . Jr.: Cor. Secretary, Edward L. Wilkerson, Meharry Medical College. 32. P S I — U n i v e r s i t y of P e n n s y l v a n i a , T e m p l e University, P h i l a delphia, Pa.; President, F r a n k l i n Morris. 1519 Page Street West; Secretary. Robert Polndexter. 2128 C h r i s t i a n Street. 33. ALPHA ALPHA—University of C i n c i n n a t i , C i n c i n n a t i College of P h a r m a c y . Miami University, C i n c i n n a t i , Ohio; President, J o h n W. F l e m i n g , 1532 L i n n Street; Secretary, Webster Posey, 1506 Baymlller Street. 04. ALPHA BETA—Talladega College. Talladega, Ala.; President, Horace J o h n s o n ; Secretary, W i l l i a m King, Talladega College. 36. ALPHA GAMMA—Brown University, Providence, R h o d e I s l a n d , INACTIVE. 38. ALPHA DELTA—University of S o u t h e r n California, Los A n geles, Calif., President. Henry Feltenberg, 1286 S. Serrano; Secretary, Edward York, 1286 S. Serrano A v e n u e . 37. ALPHA EPSILON—University of California, Berkeley, California; President, Harold R. J o n e s , 2831 Ellsworth Street, Berkeley; Secretary, Henry J o h n s o n , 1340 8 t h St., Oakland, California.
ALPHA ZETA—West Virginia S t a t e College, I n s t i t u t e West Va., President, G r a y t h o r n T. Heard; Secretary Llo'vd A W a t t s , W e s t Va. S t a t e College. * 29. ALPHA ETA—St. Louis, Mo.; President, George H Hvram 4432 N o r t h Market St.; Secretary, Earl W H u n t e r 2lifla Spruce. ' 30. ALPHA THETA—University of Iowa, I o w a City Iowa- Presid e n t , J a m e s Peoples; Secretary, A. Low; C. Secretary 'Georee 6 R. R a g l a n d , Jr., 818 S o u t h D u b u q u e S t r e e t 31. ALPHA IOTA—University of Colorado, D e n v e r Colo Presl-
GilP n 8t Jolin ' " ^ ^ ^ 1 1 COUege Am ^ ^ M ^ ^ ^ P S f l v L ^ ^ACTIVE"* ' 33. £ L P K A M U — N o r t h w e s t e r n University, E v a n s t o n , IllinoisPresident, Charles Warren; Secretary, W i l l i a m C. P y a n t 1930 B r o w n A v e n u e . *J«"»I.. 34. ALPHA N U — I o w a S t a t e College, Drake University Dea Moines, Iowa; President, Virgil D i x o n ; Secretary Chas P Howard, 515 Mulberry St., D e s Moines, I o w a ' 35. ALPHA X I — U n i v e r s i t y of W a s h i n g t o n , Seattle, W a s h i n g t o n : President, J a m e s P. J o h n s o n , 928 31st St., S e a t t l e W a s h i n g t o n ; Secretary. Robert B. P i t t s , 326 23rd A v e n u e ' N o r t h 36. ALPHA OMICRON—John C. S m i t h University, Charlotte N. C ; President, N a s h V e r n o n Scott; Secretary, Edward L Wilkerson, Meharry Medical College. 37. ALPHA PI—Louisville Municipal College, Louisville Ky President, Andrew M o t e n , 2336 W. C h e s t n u t Street; Secretary, J u l i u s L. Greene, 1810 W. C h e s t n u t Street. 38. ALPHA RHO—Morehouse College, Ga.; President, B e n j a m i n Bullock, Secretary, Clarence Williams, Morehouse College. 39. ALPHA SIGMA—Wiley College, B i s h o p College, Marshall Texas; President, Frederick D. S m i t h ; Secretary, T. L a n n e t t Mack, Wiley College. 40. ALPHA T A U — U n i v e r s i t y of Akron, Ohio; President, Attorn e y Artee F l e m i n g , 2 2 W e s t Market Street, Akron, Ohio; Secretary. Herbert T. Bracken, 385 W e l l i n g t o n . 41. ALPHA UPSILON—City College. Detroit, Mich.; President, G u s Ogletree, 607 Division; Secretary, N o a h B. Turner, 636 E. E l i z a b e t h . 42. ALPHA PHI—Clark University, Atlanta, Ga.; President. Clarence D. C o l e m a n ; Cor. Secretary; Charles A. Davis, Clark University. 48. ALPHA CHI—Flsk University, Nashville, T e n n e s s e e ; Presid e n t , Charles D . Procter; Secretary, Clarence I. Payne, Flsk University. 44. ALPHA P S I — L i n c o l n University, Jefferson City, Mo.; Presid e n t , Alphonse E. Ellis, Allen Hall, L i n c o l n U n i v e r s i t y S e c retary, W i l l i a m McCoy, Allen Hall, L i n c o l n U n i v e r s i t y 46. BETA ALPHA—Morgan College, B a l t i m o r e , Md.; President, W i n s t o n E m e r s o n Brown, 529 C u m b e r l a n d Street; Secretary Harry A u g u s t u s Coles, 1935 Druid Hill Ave. 48. BETA BETA—University of Nebraska, C r e i g h t o n University. Municipal University, Lincoln, Nebraska, P r e s i d e n t G a i n e s T. Braford, 1952 T. Street, Lincoln, Nebraska; Secretary Harold Blddiex. 2225 S. Street. Lincoln, Nebraska 47. BETA GAMMA—Virginia S t a t e College, Ettrick, Va.; Presid e n t . R e u b e n K. Davis: Secretarv. Arthur E. Y o u n g 48. BETA DELTA—State College, Orangeburg, S. C ; P r e s i d e n t Clyde W. Reese. 49. BETA EPSILON—Agricultural a n d T e c h n i c a l College, G r e e n s boro, N o r t h Carolina: President, C l i n t o n Etheridge; S e c retary, D u n c a n W i l l i a m s , A. & T. College 60. BETA ZETA—Samuel H u s t o n College. A u s t i n , Texas: Presid e n t . Maceo D. Pembroke; Secretary, W e l d o n K. Groves. S a m u e l H u s t o n College, A u s t i n , Texas. 51. BETA E T A — S o u t h e r n Illinois Teachers College, Carbondale. 111.. President. Charles E. Jones, 211 N. Wall; Secretary. Gaffney Taylor, Colp, Illinois. 52. BETA THETA—Bluefleld S t a t e Teachers College, President. William H. N i c h o l s o n ; Secretary, Silas E. Craft, S t a t e T e a c h ers College. 53. BETA IOTA—Western S t a t e T e a c h e r s College, Kalamazoo. M i c h i g a n : INACTIVE. 64. BETA K A P P A — L a n g s t o n University, L a n g s t o n , O k l a h o m a : President, George Pearson; Secretary, Loyal Rucker. 55 . BETA M U — K e n t u c k y S t a t e College, Frankfort, Ky.; Presid e n t , Arthur Walter; Secretary, R o b e r t L. Clardy. 66 BETA N U — F l o r i d a A. & M. College, Tallahassee, Florida: President, Oliver H. J o n e s ; Secretary, J a m e s M. Y o u n g .
# a 1 l t l a r H 0 2 ^ d G l l p I l n n s 3 t *'"
THE S P H I N X Official Organ of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. PUBLISHED FEBRUARY. MAY, OCTOBER, and DECEMBER 345 4th Avenue. North, Nashville, Tenn.
THE STAFF EDITOR-IN-CHIEF LEWIS O. SWINGLER 390 Vi B e a l e A v e n u e Memphis, Tennessee
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ART EDITORS JAMES D. PARKS Lincoln University Jefferson City, Mo.
MANAGING EDITOR M. G. FERGUSON 345 4th A v e n u e , North Nashville, T e n n e s s e e ASSISTANT EDITORS HUGH M. GLOSTER M o r e h o u s e College Atlanta, Georgia BURT A. MAYBERRY 2446 H a r r i s o n K a n s a s City, Mo. MILTON S. J. WRIGHT Wilberforce University Wilberforce, O h i o WILLIAM H. GRAY, JR. Florida N o r m a l St. A u g u s t i n e , Florida WHO'S WHO EDITOR GEORGE B. KELLEY Troy, N e w York
PAGE Alpha F o u n d e r s Urge Bond P u r c h a s e
Editor Swingler with Armed Forces
DOWDAL H. DAVIS, JR. 2711 E. 21st Street K a n s a s City, Missouri
Greetings from General
The Secretary's Corner
A F o r g e for F r e e d o m
P o l i t i c a l C o n f e r e n c e i n New Y o r k
Letters to Editor
Alpha Men i n t h e News
t o o u r Heroes Misses
Voice of t h e S p h i n x
S e r g e a n t J a m e s A. J a c k s o n
B r o t h e r s at Keesler Field
W h e t h e r o n Land, Sea
Dr. R o b e r t
REID E. JACKSON Southern University Scotlandville, La. SIDNEY A. JONES, JR. 5341 M a r y l a n d C h i c a g o , Illinois
JAMES B. BROWNING Miners T e a c h e r s College G a . A v e . at Euclid a n d Fairmont, N. W. W a s h i n g t o n , D. C.
J. EDWARD COTTON 390 Vz B e a l e A v e n u e Memphis, T e n n e s s e e
DR. O . WILSON WINTERS 28 C u r r e n A r c a d e Norristown, P a .
PVT. A. J. LEWIS, II 50th Inf. Tr. Bn., Co. " A " C a m p Croft, South C a r o l i n a
FRAT FUN EDITOR
F o u r t h War Loan
FRANK L. STANLEY, JR. 619 W . W a l n u t Street Louisville, Kentucky
KERMIT J. HALL Bluefield State College Bluefield, W e s t Virginia
Chapter Roster Please note chapter roster for changes in names and addresses of your chapter officers.
ADVERTISING LEWIS O . SWINGLER 390 Vi Beale A v e n u e Memphis, Tennessee
Entered as second class matter at the Post Office in Nashville, Tenn. as issued four times a year in February, May, October and under the Act of March 3, 1879 and accepted for mailing at the second class rates of r>ostage.
Subscription Priceâ€”Three Dollars and Fifty Cents Per Year
ALPHA FOUNDERS URGE PURCHASE OF WAR BONDS J E W E L G. P.. K E L L Y
J E W E L H. A. C A L L I S
Jewel George B. Kelly, of Troy, New York and Jewel II. A. Callis, of Washington, D. C., two of the Seven Founders of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. Their wisdom, and abiding faith in Alpha Phi Alpha served to inspire our brothers on
the "Fighting Front" in the first World W a r . Alpha men on many "Fighting Fronts" of World W a r II are carrying on nobly for God and Country in the spirit of these beloved Founders.
By Dr. H. A. CALLIS Founder Our investment in W a r Bonds is common sense. It represents our faith in ourselves, our debt to our men in the armed forces, and our hope for our children's future. —••— By B R O T H E R G. B. K E L L E Y Founder
war. You have been urged to buy because the purchase of bonds is an excellent investment which will yield thirtythree and one third increase in ten years. All these reasons should appeal to the Citizens of the United States of all races and make them desirous to purchase as many bonds as their means will permit.
You have been urged to buy Victory Bonds because of patriotism, because of race contribution to the war effort, because of the urgent need to keep our forces supplied with the necessities of war until Victory is won. You have been urged to buy Bonds because the Federal Government is spending more than its income and must therefore borrow from its citizens to finance the
I am asking A L P H A men to buy at least one $25.00 bond for a very different future use. I am urging every Alpha man to purchase one $25.00 bond to be turned over to a Post W a r Fund of Alpha. If one thousand Alpha men would purchase a $25.00 bond for the above purpose, this fund would have $18,750.00 plus compound interest at 35 to help
our brothers re-establish themselves when this war is over. Such a fund properly established and managed would do much toward accomplishing the problem growing out of human needs when the w a r is ended. In order to carry out the above suggestion, I submit the following: 1. All bonds donated shall be held until the next General Convention when definite plans shall be made as to their use. 2. F o r the present all bonds shall be sent to a designation made by the Founders and the present General Officers. 3. That the expense of temporary management of collection of Bonds be paid by the General Organization.
DEAD LINE NOTICE
To Associate Editors: The deadline for the February Number is February 12, 1!)44. For all future Numbers send in: 1. Reports of brothers in the Armed Forces and on the Home Front. 2. Marriages of Alpha men, including the name of wife, date and place of marriage, and a short informative statement about the contracting parties. 3. Births, giving the name of the baby, date of birth and any information of interest about the parents. 4. Pictures of children tip to six years of age. f). Names of brothers who have been inducted into service. 6. Names of brothers who have made the Supreme Sacrifice. The Sphinx would like to have more chapter reports. If your chapter did not make a report lor I he December Number, by all means see that a report of your activities is made for the February issue. Articles submitted for publication will be published at the most appropriate time.
EDITORIALS LEWIS O. SWINGLER IN THE ARMED FORCES Lewis 0 . Swingler, managing editor of the Memphis World for the past twelve years and for eight years editorin-chief of the Sphinx magazine, official publication of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, has been inducted into the U. S. armed forces. He reported for active duty at Fort Benning, Georgia, T h u r s day, November 18. Originally ordered for induction in March of this year, Swingler's induction was delayed through appeals, which finally went to National H e a d quarters at Washington, by C. A. Scott, General Manager of the Scott N e w s paper Syndicate of which the Memphis world is a member. Mr. Scott based his request for deferment on Occupational Bulletin issued by Selective Service National Headquarters in September, 1942, which listed managing editors and several other employees of newspapers as eligible for consideration for deferment. Also it was pointed out in the various appeals that there was a critical shortage of trained newspaper men and women and replacements were practically impossible. The heads of three Memphis leading Negro organizations joined in asking a deferment for Editor Swingler on the grounds that the World was the city's only Race paper and was doing what they considered a splendid job fur the w a r effort on the home front. The paper has played an effective part in all the various war efforts and especially the W a r Bond drives. Swingler was ordered for induction the second time in July, but upon r e quest of C. A. Scott, General T. A. Frazier, State Director of Selective Service, ordered the local board to reconsider the case. However, Swingler was continued in 1-A classification until his induction. Not having been able to find a replacement for Swingler by the time he was ordered to report on October 27, both the local board and state beadquarters were requested to grant a sixty-day delay in induction of Editor Swingler but the request was denied. Swingler is 37 years old and had been with the Memphis World practically since its founding by the late W . A.
Scott in 1931, except for one short leave. As yet, no one has been secured to take over Editor Swingler's duties. Commenting upon Editor Swingler's induction, C. A. Scott said that the organization, both in Atlanta and Memphis, is suffering from a critical manpower shortage and he regretted that the local board and Tennessee State director selective service did not show more appreciation for the contributions that the paper is making to the ivar effort. He added, "It shows further the need for the inclusion of Negroes on local draft boards in order that a true evaluation can be placed upon men in essential jobs." A native of Arkansas, Editor Swingler spent his early boyhood in Tulsa, Oklahoma, where he finished at the Booker Washington H i g h School of that city in 1926. H e was the second Negro student to finish from the School of Journalism at Nebraska University, Lincoln, Nebraska, and holds the A. B., degree and certificate of Journalism from Nebraska. One month after finishing his college work, he came to take over the editorship of the Memphis World and has been with this publication evei since. Mis twelve years of newspaper work in Memphis have marked courageous stands on issues effecting the people of Memphis. On more than one occasion, the Memphis World has been challenged because of the position it took in regard to questions of racial discrimination, police brutality and other issues inimical to the best interest of Memphis Negroes, yet the publication under his editorship has carried out a well-balanced editorial policy, free from sensationalism and expressive of an enlightened viewpoint in keeping with its status as a voice of southern Negroes. He introduced a course in Journalism at LeMoyne College in 1939 and for three years was Journalism Instructor in that institution. As editor of the Sphinx magazine, Mr. Swingler had opportunities to make contact with Negro leaders throughout the nation. H e will be succeeded as managing editor of the Memphis World by Professor
Nat, D. Williams, Memphis school teacher and Journalist. The Executive Council of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity is considering steps for continuance of the Sphinx magazine under the direction of M. G. Ferguson, well-known Nashville, Tennessee, banker and auditor of the fraternity. In civic life, Mr. Swingler was active in virtually every organization designed for the betterment of interracial goodwill. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the Memphis Urban Leaue, The Negro Branch Y. M. C. A., Junior Chamber of Commerce, chairman of the Executive Committee of the Memphis Senior Chamber of Commerce, president of the Memphis chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha, Advisory Committee of the U S O Travelers Aid Lounge, Family Welfare Agency, member of the Committee on Interracial Relations, Delta Boule, Sigma Pi Phi and of the First Baptist Church, Lauderdale. In 1938 he was awarded the Omega trophy by the Memphis chapter of Omega Psi Phi fraternity for his accomplishments in the field of Journalism. H e is a. charter member of the Negro Newspaper Publishers Association. â€˘
Negro Minister Protests Induction of Negro Editor Lewis (). Swingler, editor of Memphis World, only Negro newspaper in this section, has been inducted into the armed forces and is now home on furlough until Nov. 17. H i s induction brought the following protest from Rev. J. A. McDaniel, N e gro, pastor of Bethel Presbyterian Church: "The announcement of the induction of Editor L. O. Swingler into the a r m ed forces comes as a shocking surprise to thousands who read the Memphis World, the only Negro newspaper in the Memphis area. "Editor Swingler is the only trained Negro journalist engaged in the newspaper business south of Chicago and north of New Orleans. H e circulates .10,000 copies weekly, reaching approx( T u r n to page 5)
PRESIDENT LOGAN EXTENDS GREETINGS OF THE SEASON
DR. R A Y F O R D W. LOGAN General President
I can assure you that lie and his coworkers will bring to the editing of the Sphinx the same devoted and meticulous care that they have demonstrated on all other occasions. So far as I can ascertain, there are no major problems confronting us at this time. We are in excellent financial shape; we are conserving our resources; We are gaining exc.llcn; new m e m b e r s ; our social action programs have already produced worthwhile results; we are alert to new developments, especially plans for the rehabilitation and education of discharged service men and women. To all Alpha men, but especially t ) our brothers in the armed forces, I extend the best wishes of the season and express the hope that before another Christmas you will be reunited with your loved ones and with youi brothers. Fraternally yours, R A Y F O R D W . LOGAN, General President. • *
December 23, 1943 To All Brothers, Greetings: Christmas unci.' again finds us widely separated instead of engaged in preparations for our Annual Convention. This Christmas of 194.5 could hardly be merry. But it should poignantly remind us that there can be, there should he, no "Peace on Earth," until indeed there is "Good Will Unto All Men." I share the hope that this will be a Victorious New Year, and that by next Christmas the end will he in sight. We see. therefore, the possibility of a General Convention at some time during the year l')44. Our ranks continue meanwhile to b depleted, but loyal sons of Alpha willingly accept the responsibility of carrying o n f ° r brothers called to the service. Brother Fleming, vice-president of the Mid-Western Jurisdiction, is plugging steadily ahead in the army just as he did in the Fraternity and in civilian life. Brother W . N. Lovelace has taken over his jurisdiction for the duration and is doing an excellent job. Brother Swingler, Editor of the Sphinx, has already been assigned to press relations work at Fort Benning. Brother M. G. Ferguson has stepped in to assume his important assignment. I had the pleasure of talking -with Brother Ferguson before he accepted my recmest (on the recommendation of Brother Swingler), and
B R O T H E R M. G. F E R G U S O N To My Brothers— Greetings: As I assume the duties of managing editor of the Sphinx I am aware. brothers, of the tremendous task that I have to perform in the crucial times that now confront us. With acute labor shortage, scarcity of paper and other printing materials as well as a congested mailing condition, and the constant shifting of brothers, 1 know that I shall from time to time be faced with problems
that will be trying, but I shall do my best to keep active and continue the very splendid job that Brother Lewis O. Swingler has so efficiently performed. 1 ask that the brothers and chapters be patient and that they lend their full cooperation to us in the performance of this new task. You may greatly assist us if you will prepare and mail your materials to the editor on time, clear the mailing list often with Brother Joseph, H. B. Evans, and report interesting and unusual information that you may have concerning brothers or chapters. Let us stay in close touch with every Alpha brother through the Sphinx and let this be our banner year in reclaiming brothers for the use and service of our great organization, as there is much that we can do for ourselves and for our people in postwar planning. We must win the double victory and let the true spirit of democracy prevail for all peoples. M. G. F E R G U S O N .
To My Brothers Of Alpha Phi Alpha The holiday season of 1943 is bound to make us reminisce and think of the times we have spent together at General Conventions. We shall miss the fraternal fellowship, the fun, and the serious side of convention activity but we shall not lose sight of the fact that the tie that hinds us together has been steadily reinforced and we recognize a larger responsibility to keep the torch burning and to make Alpha Phi Alpha, through its several chapters and its national organization, a potent factor in the community and national life. To our brothers in the armed services, whether at home or on the fighting fronts, whether in fox hole or on mountain top, whether on land or at sea we send a Christmas greeting of fellowship and good cheer, and while we pray for your safety we rejoice in the knowledge t h - t Alpha Phi Alpha is making, through you, a contribution towards the winning .if the war. Your brothers back home will not be idle—they will be preparing to maintain the peace that is sure to come, a peace that we hope will give to "democracy" a new meaning Sincerely and fraternally, J O S . H. B. E V A N S , General Secretary.
J O S E P H H . B. E V A N S General Secretary T o All C h a p t e r s : Now that vacation time is over and the induction of brothers into the a nned services has run a merry course, there are still some of us who are left to carry on the traditions and programs of Alpha Phi Alpha. Many of you do not realize how the country's need for men has cut into our ranks, both undergraduate and graduate, and this means that a more serious responsibility rests on us to carry on and keep our contacts going. Especially will our chapter secretaries find it necessary to do more than the usual work to keep chapter rosters intact, to keep in touch with those who are away and to handle the minimum requirements of this office. I too have had problems and for more than six months had to give practically full time to the work of the office of the General Secretary. If you lived in Washington you would know that the Government has taken all clerical help, good and bad, at salaries far above the allowances of our budget. W e are trying to catch up and avoid delays in correspondence and the handling of chapter affairsâ€” and now, won't you help out by doing the following t h i n g s : 1. Send in at once your list of chapter officers giving name, mailing address, office held. P u t a star opposite the name of the brother who is to receive mail for the chapter.
Corner Send in a list of those brothers who are now in the armed services, giving the branch of the service they are in (Army, Navy, Coast Guard, etc-) and their last known address. Send the names in even though you cannot find their addresses. You will be glad to know that pin deliveries can now be made without a great loss of time as we are now dealing with The Metal Arts Company. If you have any eases of undelivered pins, send in that information with the other m a terial and be sure to give Order number, pin numbers, date of order. Other information. If we do not hear from you within a reasonable time we must assume that there are no non-delivered orders. In handling shingles, pass cards, and histories that had to be sent out near the close of school or to chapters where officers were about to be inducted, we held up mailings until we could hear from an officer or member with an assured address. If, therefore, there are brothers who are due any of this material, please let me have their names and the date of the remittance report. Remittance forms and pin order blanks have been sent to all chapters. Note the price lists of pins on the reverse side of one blank and be sure to have brothers for whom pins are ordered in the future to S I G N (in their own handwriting) O N T H E R E V E R S E SIDE OF THE WHITE BLANK. On the remittance report there is a special column for grand taxes for under graduate b r o t h e r s ; enter the full cost of pins, including the federal tax, in the " P i n s " column; and note that the prive of the fraterntiy history is $2.75. Add a brief statement to your memorandum as to chapter prospects., the proibable number of brothers who will be on your active roll, and any special problems that are confronting your chapter.
Page 5 Above all, do this as soon as you possibly canâ€”get your letter in the mail immediately. Sincerely and fraternally yours, Jos. H. B. Evans, General Secretary.
Negro Minister (Continued from page 3) imately 150,000 people. He has kept morale of the subscribers high during this war. H e has played a big part in all of the big bond drives, establishing an un-dreamed-of record of loyalty and patriotism to the point of sacrifice on the part of Negroes in the low income bracket. "The Memphis World is one of the best edited papers in the country. It is free from the yellow journalism found in most Negro papers. Its editorials have never been offensive to any fair-minded American citizen. It is the Negro's medium of expression of good will and sound Americanism. It is as vital to us as T h e Press-Scimitar is to the city as a whole. It cannot serve its best purpose unless it is fairly and intelligently edited. 'Our Only Negro E d i t o r ' "May I say here, that I am presenting these facts impersonally? I see Editor Swingler not as a man, but as the editor of our only Negro newspaper. We, American Negroes, have not sought the deferment of our own sons for mere sentimental reasons. W e have given them up without reservation for the cause of democracy at home and abroad. W e frown upon draft dodgers. W e are in this w a r to win. W e only request those things that are for the best interest of the country as a whole. "If there is any one man who is essential to the home front in this war of nerves, it is, indeed, Editor Swingler. It is lamentable that those in authority have not weighed the value of the man who keeps thousands in the mood to win. "I am a reader of other intersectional newspapers, but they do not serve the best interest of Negroes in the Memphis area. The Memphis World is our own local paper and it is our expression. It is a Southern paper for thinking people of the Southland. It should have a chance t o live a healthy life. We must remember that there are only a few trained journalists among Negroes. I am informed there are less than 20. Case Is Closed "As it now appears, his case is closed. H e has about 10 days left to place his business in the hands of
some one or discontinue the business for the duration. "I have before me an article from Xhe Press-Scimitar of March 23, 1943, beaded 'Who's a 3-B? Draft Rules Are Clarified.' I note that Gen. Hershey states newsmen, under occupation bulletin No. 27, are unquestionably entitled to a 3-B classification. This has never been the classification of the only Negro editor in Memphis. Since I know of no human course to take in having this worthy case reviewed, we, therefore submit the actions taken to the Wisdom, Will and Providence of God." Editor Swingler, who is single, could not be located for a statement. The 3-B classification is no longer used. Deferred Three Times I. H. Wilson, chairman of Draft Board 11, which sent Swingler to camp, referred an inquiry on the ease to Sam Taubenblatt, appeal agent oi tlu board, Attorney Taubenblatt said that Swingler had been given three sixmonths deferments. He said the board realized the importance of the work of od newspaper man and had given Swingler more than 18 months so the paper could get another man. H e said Swingler himself made no appeal, tho "an Atlanta paper owner his paper, did. The appeal was turned down, but ive Swingler another deferment. Swingler appeared in person before the board and said he was ready, willing and able to go." Nat Williams, part-time reporter for the world and teacher at Booker T. Wasliington High School, is being considered as Swingler's successor, it was reported today. â€”Memphis Press-Scimitar, November 5, 1943.
Brothers Let's Swing Along The following poem was dedicated to Editor Lewis O. Swingler by Rev. James A. McDaniel, pastor of New Bethel Presbyterian Church, and Basileus of Epsilon Phi chapter. Omega Psi Phi fraternity, Memphis, Tenn. SWING ALONG W I T H
Swing along with Swingler Keep reaching to the fore. Swing along with Swingler Wherever he may go. W e need him on the home front T o keep our morale high ; W e need him on the home front W h e n war bonds is the C r y ! Swing along with Swingler Our task is just begun; Swing along with Swingler Till victory is won I
A FORGE FOR FREEDOM STRAWS IN THE WIND BY R E I D E. JACKSON for any modal change in educational procedures, for the Negro, still remains the "status quo." In this regard, the most of us arc or should be readilyaware that the "status quo," as it refers to the education of the Negro, connotes an abridgment of educational opportunities for the Negro. To put it even more simply, the Negro separate school, in the present educational scheme, is usually an inferior institution to the white school. Consequently, any plea for no radical or revolutionary changes is a veiled concession to the continuance of a policy of segregated schools, for the Negro, in the southern states, as well as some of the more northerly communities. Proof for the foregoing view is to he bad in the following excerpt from the survey report: "Out of the separate colleges for Negroes must come for the present, at least, (1) most of the leadership within the Negro group." One does not have to ponder lone as to the obvious implication in this statement that the Negro separate school is here to stay for some time more, with the sanction of the federal government. l o r those who might even yet dispute this interpretation, we might call attention to an additional suggestion in the report "thai the federal government might well participate in developing high-grade university education for either or both races wherever in the country it cannot he developed from other public or private funds." in Further support of the possibility, Fred J. Kelly, chief of the division of higher education. United States Office of E d u DR. R E I D E. .1 \ C K S o \ cation, avers that "while this suggestion would apply impartially to all parts Just as straw stalks sway in attune of the country it has unusual signifiwith the general direction of the blowcance for those states in which seping wind so do certain events, reported arate colleges are maintained for in the daily press, portend the path while and for Negro students. Tn along which the wind of Negro-White these' states more than elsewhere plans relationships is presently moving. What for higher education must he made on is more, it seems possible that this a regional or national basis because gentle zephyr of reactionary feeling in many cases it would he uneconomical bids fair to develop into a swirling to maintain two high-grade universities cyclone of unremitting action, sweeping even if it could afford to do so." This devastatingly before it much that has sounds suspiciously like a plan for stood for progress, in the manner of establishing regional institutions in the improved race relations in America. higher education of Negroes which has A recent survey of higher education keen sponsored by concerned southern for Negroes, recently released by the white educators, in an effort to cirUnited States Office of Education, cumvent the Gaines decision. There offers little solace to those who look is the added possibility, moreover, that toward the federal government for an it is "uneconomical for each slate to extension of democratic procedures in maintain two high-grade universities" education. In fact, contradictory overthat, in all cases, the Negro institutones to a pladitudinous dictum that tion would suffer. "urgent need at present for national To those who have expressed hope unity and for a nation-wide support in the disposition of the federal govof democracy in its contest with dicernment to demand democratic ' a p tatorship, emphasizes the importance of proach, in the allocation of federal making the fruits of democracy more aid. these statements should come as uniformly available to all citizens" arc both a surprise and a disappointment to be observed in cautiously-couched To those, who are conversant with the language asserting that "there is no history of American education, this intention to suggest that radical or might be not so surprising when cogrevolutionary procedures should supnizance is taken of the fact that the plant the steady progress which has terrifying prosnect of an equitable diskeen made in recent decades in Negro tribution of federal funds to whites and education." Painstaking analysis of Negroes alike, in the southern states, the latter statement should evince realization that the frame of reference (1) Italics mine Ed. Note: Dr. Jackson, our editorial writer, submits for this issue t h e condensed text of a speech which he prepared for delivery approximately one year ago. So prophetic were t h e observations t h e n made t h a t Dr. Jackson now deems it significant to present his original statement in published form, some twelve months later.
December, 1943 has inevitably doomed the passage of the perennial Education Bill as it has made its annual appearance, before the Congress. (2) The reason for failure is familiar. Southern solons have invariably deserted the bill, much as they need its leavening influence upon their impoverished educational system, rather than to guarantee the Negro his rightful share in education. Can it be that the Federal government is courting favor of that determined bloc of Dixie senators who have already indicated their undemocratic position, by stifling the majority of legislation—particularly the Anti-Poll T a x Bill — designed to render the Negro his civil rights, supposedly accorded him bv the Constitution and Bill of Rights? (2) Ed. Note: Late In October, 1943, t h e United States Senate again rejected t h e Federal Education Bill, due mainly to opposition by southern senators and a Republican bloc against restrictive non-discrimination clauses. While discussing this matter of education for the Negro, it might be well to review past happenings at Hampton Institute. W h a t was really behind the sudden decision of President Malcolm MacLean to abandon his titular role at Hampton. MacLean, an avowed liberal and progressivist in education, seemingly "rubbed fur" the wrong way at the staid Virginia institution. H a m p ton, both openly and surreptitiously, had long been pointed to as a cradle of nepotism and paternalism, designed according to the usual southern pattern of Negro-white relationships. Ambition and leadership of the Negro personnel reputedly was denied. MacLean, it is rumored, then proceeded into a job of house-cleaning with too much vim; and, consequently, in his persistent endeavor to evolve a fashion of democratic education at Hampton incurred the wrath of those affected by the process of streamlining. Unwilling to compromise his philosophy and position. it is the conjecture of many that Dr. MacLean elected to withdraw from the situation. Whether this be true or not, it is worthy of notice that simultaneous with his request for leave from Hampton, MacLean tendered his resignation as chairman of the F E P C , when it appeared that its work was being rendered ineffective by strong Southern opposition. And, even now, the press reports that the Hampton Alumni are torn in factional dispute over a questionable committee recommendation that the Board of Trustees select yet another white president, (3) while a strong campus clique actively works against the possible election of Acting President Lanier! To return to our consideration of education, cause for optimism is not afforded in the fact that a noble experiment in democratic education, under the leadership of a white man, failed in its very incipiency. Is not this further testimony that segregated education in the South still rides high in the saddle? (3) Ed. Note: The Hampton Board ot Trustees has recently announced the election of Dr. Bridgman, a white man, to t h e presidency of t h a t institution.
At any rate, the reaction of the present Congress to this "southern exposure" is exemplified in the following press release: A democratic party internal Gcrap t h a t saw the house leadership give in to strenuous s outhern opposition left Rep. Marcantonio, 40-year-old New York lawyer and only American Labor congressman, without a major committee assignment . . . A recommendation by the Democratic committee on committees that Marcantonio, who has served four house terms . . . be made a member of t h e important Judiciary committee was rejected in party caucus . . . by an almost unanimous vote. . . . Marcantonio accused by some opponents of having been associated with "Communist front" organizations, declared he had been beaten by t h e "forces of domestic Facists." He said the real issue against him was his fight egainst the poll tax and lynching. It appears fairly evident, here, that detain the Southern bloc has score 1 a victory, by detouring the appointment of Representative Marcantonio. Such action becomes even more highly significant when one guages the pregnance of this rejection for both present and future movements, towards social liberalism, in the senate chambers. Marcantonio's contention that the real reason for his defeat was presaged by his advocacy of anti-lynching and poll tax legislation seems more than plausible when coupled with the unabashed press statements issued jointly by eminent solons from the states of Mississippi, Georgia, Louisiana. T e x a s and Alabama—to a man—that they were unequivocally opposed to any federal legislation designed to liberate the Negro from his present menial position in Southern society. More than this, their insistent declaration that they (representatives of the Southern people and Southern culture) believed wholeheartedly in white supremacy served to objectify the tragic fact thai a mere handful of people, who seemingly constitute a minority opinion. could block the will and desires of the majority. All this is happening in a democracy; moreover, a democracy that is engaged in w a r ! This might lead to the conclusion that the strength and power, as well 'as the faith, of a minority is to be determined not so much by the fact that it is a minority as by the nature of that minority. And, a Negro minority it seems, is constantly on the losing side! F u r t h e r evidence of the growing potency of the southern democrats in Congress is witnessed in their command of pivotal committees. Such important House committees as : Agricult u r e ; Appropriations; Banking and Currency; Census; Civil Service; Claims; E d u c a t i o n ; Flood Control; Immigration and Naturalization : Interstate and Foreign Commerce; Labor; Military Affairs; Naval Affairs: Pensions; Post Office and Posl Roads Public Building and Grounds; and Ways and Means, along with sundry other committees, are headed by southern senators. In fact, out of a total of thirtv-four assignments as committee chairmen, the southern contingent has garnered thirty-three. Again, we raise the question as to whether the
Page 7 influence which these southern gentlemen give to these basic committees will hinder the cause of democracy, as it relates to the Negro. If we are to judge by past performances, they will sabotage true democracy! Even more example of the reactionary impact of the solid south upon the nation's senate is afforded in the appointment of Doxey, "lame duck" senator from Mississippi and arch opponent of the Anti-Poll T a x measure in the past Congress, as sergeantat-arms to replace veteran Jurney, who precipitated the wrath of certain southern senators by routing them out of their hiding places, in order that a vote might be taken upon the controversial anti-lynching hill. Be that as it may, it is a known fact that the sergeaut-at-arms controls the capitol police and, under the leadership of Doxey, there is much possibility that lobby groups representing the interests of the Negro would experience difficulty in gaining access to the senate chambers. This could operate as a serious handicap, indeed to the cause of the Negro and democracy! This careful sketch of the looming pattern of southern onposition to liberal and administration policies in the Congress has been detailed because it isolates an undeniably insurgent element which beckons for recognition, not only within the ranks of its own party but also to members of the Republican party. The gaining momentum of an independent or major "third" party group cannot be dismissed so lightly—not that it is somewhat improbable of accomplishment but more so because of the underlying sentiment which it conveys. And, the southern governors who peddle this idea are not up for re-election ! The point is inescapable that the cohorts of real democracy must marshal and realign their forces to meet this challenging new menace. While it should be inconceivable that the motif of all-out and total war should be perforated by such civil issue, it nevertheless appears that the bourbpn South is in dead earnest that no exigency—even a war against dictatorship and oppression of minorities—shall release the Negro, within their midst, from a servile s t a t u s ; even if the war effort must suffer! An ostentatious move to nullify the need for Federal Anti-Poll Tax legislation has been attempted by the Tennessee Legislature when, in recent session, two bills were introduced, of which "one designed to repeal the levy (4) and the other to establish a system of permanent voter registration." The proponents of the Poll T a x Hill, however, should not be lulled into any false security; for, the omnipresent "joker" in both bills is that stipulation that "the registration system would be administered in each county bv the board of election commissioners." Under the subterfuge of enlightened legislation, then, the board of election commissioners could easily continue to disqualify the Negro voter—indeed, a clever r u s e ! (4) Ed. Note: The Tennessee state poll tax was eventually repealed by t h e
Page 8 Legislature b u t later this action was ruled unconstitutional by vote of t h e Tennessee State Supreme Court. Much has been said regarding the attitude of the American Negro t o wards the present war. It is fairly certain, though, that the Negro is desirous of an Allied victory. W h a t does disturb him greatly, though, is the paradox in the situation. Bombarded, on all sides, to volunteer every effort and resource for the war effort, the Negro finds often that his services are blandly overlooked, even when he is the only one qualified to do the job. James Crow, need we remind you, is still on the march ! Small wonder, then. that it becomes difficult to convince the Negro that he is nothing more than "cannon fodder" to help bridge the roads to Tokyo and Berlin. It is for the Negro, therefore, that the "Four F r e e d o m s " must be guaranteed, along with the oppressed peoples in Continental Europe. Those factors which impelled Judge Hastie to resign his post, as Civilian Aide to the Secretary of W a r , delineate a. discouraging picture for the status of the Negro in the armed services. Again, we view the persistence of an intrenched policy, in regard to the participation of the Negro in military affairs. As long as such policies continue, the alleged " F o u r Freedoms" can remain nothing less than shibboleths, sugar-coated and persuasive in their promise for a better future. How, then, docs the wind blow? W h a t does it portend for the Negro American ? There is more than p a s s ing evidence to indicate that the N e gro is bein,g pushed backward in his struggle for civil rights. The question is whether this retreat will extend beyond the boundaries from which progress was initiated in the "fight for freedom" or whether the reversal will •a.ch even behind these borders. Yes, some will claim that, here and there, a Negro has achieved a position usually denied to his race. This is well and good; but, we must be cautious and not allow ourselves to become beguiled by "token" representation. Likewise, those Negroes who have attained these unusual posts are confronted by a. serious challenge. They must perform their tasks with more than a selfish!v individualistic motive and seek towards the spread of this opportunity to other Negroes. In a word, such favored Negroes must take up the cudgel and translate appeasing action, manufactured as an artifice and diversionnntactic, into a telling weapon against the subtle abrogation of civil liberties for the Negro. "If the events which have been cb ronicled above can become the matter of public record, it is hi.ghly possible that a (rreat deal which is similar, and perhaps, even more serious has not yet come to the surface. For this, we, as Negroes must be on the constant alert. According to the old adage that "fire must be met by fire." all Negroes, no matter what their diversity in groups and interests, must lay aside all grievances and consolidate their resources in just so deter-
mined a clique as the powerfullydangerous Southern bloc. In doing so, the leaders of such a movement must give credence and testimony to the doctrine of integration of differentiated groups in America by seeking the coalition of Negroes and whites who, alike, are dedicated to the democratic theory of living together and not the Southern idea of living side by side, in strict segregation. This merger, moreover, must be secured bv the exercise of scientific intelligence. Now, more than ever, too, the Negro, whether soldier or civilian, must become serious to his responsibility and realize that we all alike are combatants for a_ basic principle of living. This principle is rooted in self-sufficiency in a truly democratic order. And. as the Negro wages war on separate fronts, he must realize that the innocuous panoplv of unquestioning loyalty to American democracy conceals a much greater involvement, for the Nesrro, than readilv meets the eye. The Negro, perforce. must give his allegiance to American democracy; but, this democra'-v must he all that the name implies! To make it so becomes the Gargantuan task of the Negro, at all t i m e s ; for. he can never relax his vigil! We cannot reiterate too strongly the fact, then, that the Negro must campaign vigorously against further loss in the gains so carefollv husbanded. since emancipation. Throughout all this, though, resourceful r e liance must be nlaced in the method of intelligence. False and inconsequential issues which would array race acainst race or class against caste, rerardless of the situation, must be bypassed, in favor of the ultimate desideratum of the integration of diverse pormlation elements (for, race is yet a dubious quality!') and of class with caste, in terms of their organic worth in realization of a common goal. F x treme caution should be taken too not to be misled bv rabid race-baiter-"•ho would have yon believe that the "peac'- and tranquility" of th» normal South is being threatened bv a" unsurge of communistic tendencies on the part of a Negro, misguided b " bungling and insidious "outsiders.'' Such is not the c a s e ! All the Negro desires is a chance to live in the dignitv of human personality. The bo.gev crv of "social equalitv" is underestimated. The new Negro desires a full catholicity of human relationships, nroiected upon a socio-economic base of the worth of human personality—a base which permits liveable conditions at all times rather than slavery to both man and machine. This is the "social equality" which the Negro earnestly seeks. If, then, the Negro exnoses himself unnecessarily to the well-grounded drive of anti-Negro groups, any assault, on his part, would soon terminate in needless suicide. Every action, then, contemplated or otherwise. must be scrutinized to the end for its utility and, above all, the Negro must not wait until the die is cast. T h e time t o act is n o w l
W I L L I A M E. A N D E R S O N —•—
Brother Anderson Is Elected To Honorary Society Brother William E. Anderson, principal, Dunbar High School, Okmulgee, Oklahoma, was elected a member of Phi Delta Kappa, Alpha Mu chapter, Colorado State College, Greeley, Colorado. H e is a candidate for the doctorate at that institution. His dissertation, "The Reading Interests of Negro High School Students" has just been approved by the graduate faculty. Brother Anderson expects to be awarded the degree at the 1944 Summer Convocation. Initiated into Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity in 1920 by Eta Lambda chapter, Atlanta, Georgia, Brother Anderson is presently a member of Alpha Tau l a m b d a chapter, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
FRATERNITY PINS Pins properly ordered from the Metal Arts Company Official Jeweler To Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity will be promptly delivered. A A R O N L. A L L E N Official
1601 18 Avenue, North Nashville, Tennessee
POLITICAL CONFERENCE MEETS IN NEW YORK On Saturday, November 20, 1943, a political conference was held at Hotel L'heresa, attended by the following persons: Mary McLeod Bethune, National Council of Negro W o m e n ; Elsie Austin, Delta Sigma Theta Sorority; Duruthy Nobday Bryant, National A s sociation of Colored Graduate Nurses, Inc.; Dr. Leon A. Ransom, Kappa A l pha Psi F r a t e r n i t y ; Ashley Totten, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car P o r t e r s ; Dr. Channing H. Tobias, Social Action Committee of the Colored Methodist Episcopal Church; W a l t c . Wiute and Judge William H. Hastie, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Dr. R. A. Billings, Phi Beta Sigma F r a t e n . i t y ; Belford Lawson, Jr., and Ray ford W . Logan, Alpha Phi Alpha F r a t e r n i t y ; Adam C. Powell, Jr., People's Movement; M a x Yeargan, International Committee on African Affairs, and National Negro Congress; Bishop W. J. Walls, A. M. E. Zion Church; Oscar Brown, Chicago National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; George L - P Weaver, National CIO Committee to Abolish Racial Discrimination, and also a representative of the United T r a n s p o r t Service E m ployes of A m e r i c a ; Thurgood Marshall and Leslie Perry, National A s sociation for the Advancement of Colored People; Charles Browning, P u b lishers' Association (Observant). Alpha Phi Alpha was well represented by Brother Belford V. Lawson, Jr., in the absence of Brother Logan. The main topic of discussion was the Negro voter and the 1944 election. T h e following declaration is indicative of the views of the Negro voter, as voiced by the undersigned representatives of the various organizations.
A DECLARATION BY NEGRO VOTERS T h e Negro voter has not yet chosen sides for 1944. His vote cannot be purchased by distributing money to and through party hacks. It cannot be won by pointing to jobs given to a few individual Negroes, although the recognition of the Negro as an integral part of the body politic through the selection of qualified Negroes for appointive or elective offices is included r m o n g the Negro's demands. T h e N e gro vote no longer can be won by meaningless generalities in party platforms which are promptly forgotten on election day. The Negro voter will support a political party which by words and deeds shows its determination to work for full citizenship status of thirteen
million American Negroes and to better the lot of all disadvantaged people in tins country. The Negro knows that his voting strength in 17 or more states with 2al or more votes in the electoral college gives him the potential balance oi power in any reasonably close national election and in many state and local elections. H i s vote no longer belongs to any one political party. Although the Negro has largely supported the Democratic P a r t y in recent years, it is highly significant tnat in 1943 the Negro vote played an important part in the election of a Negro Communist to the New York City Council, a Negro R e publican as Judge in the same community, a Democratic mayor in Cleveland and a Republican Governor in Kentucky with phenomenal manifestations ot independent voting in many other important centers. Public officers who have not made a record of liberal and democratic action may e x pect the Negro to help remove them trom office. If their successors a r e no better, they may expect the same late at the next election. For ii the Negro does not always find any satislactory cancliuate to support, he can and will continue to help remove unsatisfactory officials until truly democratic forces shall come into power. T h e undersigned a r e officers of church, fraternal, labor, civic and educational organizations. Though we speak as individuals, we shall recommend to the membership of our r e spective organizations that Negroes snail measure all appeals for their support made by political parties a n d by presidential and other candidates according to the following yardstick: 1. T h e Negro people, like all other Americans, recognize the w a r as the chief issue confronting our country. We demand of any political party desiring the support of Negroes a vigorous prosecution of the war. W e a r e opposed to any negotiated peace as advocated by the Hitler-like forces within our country. Victory must crush Hitlerism both at home as well as abroad. In evaluating the merits of parties and candidates we must include all issuesâ€”those touching the life of N e groes as a group as well as those affecting the entire country. T h e party or candidate who refuses to help control prices, or fails to support the e x tension of social security, or refuses to support a progressive public program for full post-war employment, or opposes an enlarged and unsegregated program of government-financed housing, or seeks to destroy organized labor, is as much the enemy of the Negro as he is who would prevent the Negro from voting. 2. W e insist upon the right to vote in every state, unrestricted by poll taxes, white democratic primaries, the gerrymandering of districts, or any other device designed to disfranchise the Negro and other voters. Any po-litical party in power, or aspiring to power, must demonstrate its determi-
nation through legislation and through vigorous criminal prosecution by the Department of Justice to protect and secure voting a s a fundamental right of citizenship. 3. The ever-serious evil of lynching and mob violence has become more critical as a result of unrestrained violence against Negroes in the armed services. N o national administration can merit the support of the Negro unless it is committed to a legislative and administrative program lor the elimination of this national disgrace. 4. Republican and Democratic members of the Senate alike have attempted to delude us by alleging that they favor anti-lynching, anti-poll tax, and other legislation against which filibusters by Southern Democrats have been waged but on wnich these Republican a n d Democratic Senators from states where Negroes vote refuse to vote for cloture. W e refuse to accept such subterfuges any longer. A vote against cloture, failure to vote lor cloture will be construed by us as opposition to whatever legislation for tne benefit ot the Negro anu other m i norities against whicn a filibuster is waged. The Senate rule requiring a two-thirds majority to end debate, combined with the refusal ol Senators to vote for cloture, is one oi the greatest obstacles to liberal legislation in general and to legislation lor the betterment of the Negro's status in particular. Negroes insist that national parties and indiviuual candidates for senator pledge in advance their support of the abolition of this two-thirds rule now required for cloture. 5. T h e program now being carried on through the F a i r Employment Practice Committee to secure and protect the right to work without racial or religious discrimination must be continued and expanded during and after the war. N o party or candidate for the Presidency or Congress can deserve the vote of the Negro without supporting a liberal appropriation for a F a i r Employment Practice Committee when that issue shall be presented in the Spring of 1944 and such legislation as is needed further to secure the right of minorities to work without discrimination. 6. N o injustice embitters Negroes more than continued segregation and discrimination in the armed forces. T h e policy of the present administration with reference to the Negro in the armed forces is bad in principle and has failed. Any party which hopes to win the support of Negroes must adopt a new and democratic program for their integration into the armed forces including the following provisions : (a) Full integration of the Negro into the armed forces without segregation. (b) The abolition of quotas by race of the medical corps, nurse corps, technical and all other branches of service throughout the armed forces.
Page 10 (c) A vigorous and purposeful program of education in decent and democratic race relations to be carried out throughout the Army and Navy. (d) A radically revised Navy prog r a m which will include the acceptance of Negroes as commissioned officers, the use of Negroes in general and technical service on sea-going vessels, the elimination of restrictions preventing capable messmen from transfer and promotion out of that service and the acceptance of Negro women in the W A V E S , S P A R S , and nurse corps without segregation. (e) The abolition of segregation in recreational and other facilities at army posts and naval shore installations as well as the abolition of segregation of blood plasma for the armed services. (f) The progressive removal of Negro troops from those areas where they are treated with violence, abuse and disrespect in the civilian community in view of the demonstrated inability of the federal authorities, military and civil, to cope with such behavior. (g) Negroes now largely denied the right to serve in combat forces must be given the same opportunity as others to serve in this field as well as all other branches of the service. 7. W e are concerned that this war will bring to an end imperialism and colonial exploitation. We believe that political and economic democracy must displace the present system of exploitation in Africa, the West Indies, India, and all other Colonial areas. W e insist that all parties and candidates formulate a foreign policy which will resolutely and unequivocally oppose either perpetuation or extension of exploitation based upon "white superiority" or economic or political advantages to "white" nations at the expense of the two-thirds of the people of the earth who are brown. yellow, or black of skin. The United s t a t e s must point the way by including Negroes among its representatives at the peace conference or peace conferences and among its diplomatic, technical and professional experts engaged in international post-war reconstruction. 8. Negro Americans are fully aware of the forces in this country which are now attempting to effect the nomination of reactionary or vacillating candidates for the Presidency and VicePresidency in both major political parties. Also Negro voters are distrustful of most candidates who come from those states which deny Negroes opportunity to vote and confine them to rigid patterns of segregation and inferior status. No candidate from any section of the country will be acceptable to Negro voters unless he has clearly demonstrated opposition to and departure from the prevailing anti-Negro t r a d i tions.
W'c hereby serve notice that if either major political party shall nominate for President or Vice-President a candidate of vacillating or reactionary character or with an anti-Negro record, it will be vigorously opposed by the Negro vote. We repudiate aii venal politicians, Negro and white, who attempt for personal profit to "deliver the i\egro vote." We hereby serve notice that the Negro has come of age politically. I his statement is designed both to make clear the Negro's present attitude of resentment against the shortcomings of both major political parties and to serve as a guide in measuring the future intentions of parties and candidates. The first test of the honesty of these intentions will be the vote upon the pending poll tax bill and cloture if necessary, and we serve notice on all Senators and their party associates that we will vigorously oppose all .Senators who refuse to vote for cloture on this bill. W e call upon enlightened labor, church, farm and other groups to oppose actively the current wave of reaction. We will combine on a minimum program with such enlightened groups. Together these groups constitute a majority of the electorate. Together we will beat back the tide of reaction and build a more decent world now and in the post-war years which can insure a durable peace. Elsie Austin, Delta Sigma Theta Sorority. Mabel K. Staupers and Dorothy Hobday Bryant, National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses, Inc. Walter White. Judge William H. Hastie and Dr. Leon A. Ransom. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Ashley Totten, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters A. Philip Randolph, March on W a s h ington Movement Dr. Channing H. Tobias, Chairman, Social Action Committee of the Colored Methodist Episcopal Church Dr. R. A. Billings, Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity Mary McLeod Bethune, National Council of Negro Women Belford V. Lawson, Jr., and Dr. Rayford Logan, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. Adam C. Powell, Jr., People's Movement Dr. M a x Yergan, International Committee on African Affairs and National Negro Congress Bishop W. J. Walls, A. M. E. Zion Church. Oscar Brown, Chicago, Illinois, N a tional Association for the Advancement of Colored People George L - P Weaver, National CIO Committee to Abolish Racial D i s crimination Willard Townsend, United Transport Service Employes of America Carl R. Johnson, Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity Dr. D. V. Jemison, National Baptist Convention, U. S. A., Inc., and
LUCIEN WRIGHT Brother I.mien (Bus) Wright, former Midwestern Vice-president, was recently appointed Principal, Felton Elementary School, Columbus. Ohio, after a hard fight on the part of Negro leaders to overcome prejudice by a segment of the white population in Columbus. This school was formerly headed by a white principal. Brother Wright is also beading up the Columbus Community Forum, initiated bv Alpha men in Columbus, Ohio, several years ago. H e succeeded Brother W i l liam Durham, one of the founders of the Community Forum. Alabama Baptist State Coi vention, Inc. Z. Alexander Looby. Omega Psi Phi Fraternity Thin-good Marshall and Leslie Terry, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
A GOOD SLOGAN
For All Negro Workers "HOLD YOUR JOB"
National "HOLD YOUR JOB" Committee
LETTERS TO SPHINX EDITOR This column is devoted to notes, letters and expressions from brothers in the U. S. Armed Forces, or from those without opportunity to enjoy chapter affiliations. Brother Lt. George R. Currie, of the 99th Fighter Squadron, somewhere in North Africa, said that Alpha Phi Alpha was represented well in the squadron, 1) ith by brothers and Sphinxmen, in a communication received from him during early fall. Other brothers mentioned in his letter, heavily censured, were James T. Wiley and Sidney P. Brooks. Brother Currie can be readied bj writing 0-1548713 99th Fighter Squadron, APOS25, care of Postmaster, New "i ml; City, New York.
* * * HELLO AMERICA! By S Sgt. James Samuels (One soldier's opinions straight from the battlefronts) NO D O U B T you back in the mellow ripeness of the fruit of Victory, wonder what we, the sowers of the seed, think about in our spare moments. 1 can say that mostly it's home and our loved ones back there slaving away, even as we, long, hard hours day after day. But we over here no better than you over there, hope that those long hard hours and days are really for a worthy cause. We li ipe that you will never know the complete frustration and disappointment we h i v e seen on the faces of the people in war harassed Europe. The Germans, when occupying North Africa, took everything of any value from these people. Included were perfumes, furniture, clothing and food. Many people were shipped to Germany to labor in the factories in complete slavery. The work and the hours are much harder than you can imagine in the States. T o say nothing of the food. I'm informed by a. former prisoner ol war that the food in Germany, for foreigners, was often a cup of weak tea and a slice of black bread. This meager ration sufficed for one day's subsistence. W E M I S S the many fine moments of entertainment. W e wonder why our radio stations seldom send out any swing programs in the approved hep cat manner. There's a German program that comes over to us that is really on the beam. Feature that. And there are several really good swing bands in Germany. However, before they finish a program they pass out lots of misin-
formation. Strange the "bosh" they expect us to believe, such as New York has been bombed several times and .\xis prisoners actually beiitva that Whatever became of Tony MartiniHe's one of our favorite crooners Frank Sinatra, wdiat about him? But we over here would like to hear from Herbert Jefferies, or Lena Horn. There is a big demand from the boys for the old portable type of victrola so that they may purchase a few of the tunes they used to know. OUR BOYS arc all doing fine jobs. We are extra proud of the peregrinations of our colored Air Forces. They are tops, no fooling. Just in case you didn't know, there are many colored airmen in the RAF. They hail from the island provinces but are highly rated. Some are gunners on the big bombers and others are pilots while some are navigators. Theii forces are mixed and since there is no color line known to the British Commonwealth of -Nation-., we have .-pent many a pleasant hour with the R A F boys and find them interested in us, no end. All the people over here of all the nations that I have talked with plan to visit America when the war is over. I think the desire is inspired by the food we cat and the quality of our uniforms, as well as the extra money the boys always seem to have. Prices here, incidently, have raced sky high. You'd think our presence would be appreciated beyond that, especially when money means so little over here. There is little that can be b Wight Food and other necessities arc scarce and severely rationed. Uncle Sam has helped 'em some though. I have seen a few American shoes and stockings on the ladies, and in the shops. W E H A V E many of our stars over from time to time, Bob Hope, Frances Langford, and other-, and they are really soldiers. They've had to dodge into fox holes like the rest of us. Why haven't some of our sepia stars visited us? Josephine Baker has entertained the boys quite a lot, which allays the rumor that she had passed to oblivion, and she's as lovely as ever. T CAN say that nobody over here, colored or white, appreciates the race riots. Why don't our papers stop that bosh about what we're gonna do when we get home. The colored soldiers and white soldiers are getting along swell, even the southern whites. We all have learned to appreciate the other's feel-
ings and govern ourselves
ly. W E A R E sorry to hear about the "teenagers." Just another evil of war. Pity the poor English husbands when they g e t home and find colored angels crying in the cribs they left empty. Many of our boys married the English girls. They are very sympathetic and all, but I can't see how s t u b a marriage can turn out well. Really we clou't have much in common. Fin told they lose their beauty early in life. What then? Some of our colored girls have married over here too, into white families. If there is a class distinction in England, it doesn't apply to our people. Jhe colored American is welcome into any home, rich or poor. It was told by a Londoner thai the colored boy is the most popular item in E n g land these days. The conduct the boys aie displaying is equal to anything. I didn't know we bad so many gentlemen. If you think they aren't, ask any Britisher and read the papers. . . Ofay. If when the shooting match is over you want to visit North Afrique, steer clear of South Africa . . Meme chose avec Mississippi . . . N o difference. T h e best friends we have in North Africa are Jews, Spaniards, Maltese and Italians, the Arabs don't count, they don't care even for themselves. The people named are all French subjects, but you understand, or do you? The real French people are polite . . . Hope the censor uses his shears a little on this, but here's hoping you get it all trite as it is. IT M U S T B E W O N D E R F U L to have a nice white bed to sleep in, fresh eggs now and then. Even now and then is better than hen-fruit daily. I dream of the day I can have a rationed meal served to my bedside, wdiilst I raise merry hades with the cook because the seasoning is not just right. Ah, for the good old days. I can imagine what life will be like without whistles. Who the hâ€”11 invented whistles anyway? You know the kind, like the cops blow when you pass the red light. Have they rationed the red lights yet? We hear via Bob Hope, horse meat is a real delicacy. If he's referring to fresh meat I agree. .Never thought it possible to live out of a can so long. Orchids to the canning business. W h a t would we have done without 'em? When the war is over we all know what they can do with 'em. M e m o r i e s : T h e thrill
cooing of lovers in the parks on a late summer's evening, the solid comfort of the paved sidewalks beneath my feet as I walk down Main Street hand in hand with my favorite bit of female pulchritude. The dulcet voice of a real American colored girl, the long lines waiting to see Hollywood's latest g r e a t est, the honking of taxis as they flashed by, raining evenings when I used to drive miles and miles in the downpours listening to my radio . . . Ice cream. The many dances where gathered sepia lasses in their splendor of raiment to dazzle the world, the tough neighborhoods where you could always see a good knockdown and drag-out on a Saturday night. Yes I miss that too. T h e quiet Sundays when Reverend Doolittle condemned sinners to high and low damnations, the reverent look of obeisance on the faces of the choir members as they rendered my favorite "The Old Rugged Cross." T h e Prairie View-Wiley football games, the old ladies gossiping over the back fence. T h a t was where all the secrets were. The purple nights when one could look upon the moon with eyes of wonderment and wish for better things to come, the silver tinkle of merriment in the voices of youngster's who in their blessed childhood, the morning time of Life, know nothing of strife and worldly problems, in their play . . . H E L L O A M E R I C A ! Are you still there? Hope you've found something of interest in the ramblings of a tortured mind. That's the lot for this time. If you like the scribbling, write your editor and will send more at his request. Seenya.
â€˘layi\&u$ Brother Charles Houston, of W a s h ington, D. C , counsel for the International Association of Railway E m ployees, has the distinction of being the first Negro to appear before the Alabama Supreme Court to present oral argument.
* * * Brother John H. Gregg, Bishop of the A. M. E. Church, has landed in Kngland as a representative of the Fraternal Council of Churches. Broth-
With the USO
BROTHER JACK ADKINS Former coach and faculty member of LeMoyne College with the National I . S. "( ). Council. Brother Adkins, nationally known athletic director of LeMoyne College, has been granted a leave of absence by the American Missionary Association for the duration and is now athletic director at Frye U. S. O. Club, Ft. Huachuca, Arizona. Other brothers rendering service through the United Service Organization are Brother Ralph Metcalf, former Olympic . sprinter star, now located at the Anniston U. S. O. Club, Anniston, A l a b a m a ; Brother Dr. Hugh .,i. (iloster, director of the program activities of Frye U. S. O. Club, Ft. H u a chuca, Arizona; Brother C. Paul Johnson, Alpha Sigma Lambda chapter, and Brother J. R. Lillard, Beta Lambda chapter. These brothers are doing their hit through the U. S. O. in keeping the morale of soldiers up to par. er Gregg as a prelate, will visit Negro troops representing President Roosevelt as well as his Church and fraternity. It is hoped that we may publish in our next issue of the Sphinx a summary of his extensive visits to the various camps and to the battle front in Europe.
* * * ALPHA MAN A P P O I N T E D TO W A Y N E COLLEGE OF MEDICINE The first full-time appointment of a Negro to the faculty of Wayne University was confirmed by thr Board of Education of Detroit in October, when Dr. C. W . Buggs of Dillard University, New Orleans, was made instructor in bacteriology in the Wayne College of Medicine. At Dillard Dr. Buggs, who assumed his new duties
December, 1943 at Wayne on Nov. 1, was professor of biology and chairman of the d i vision of sciences. In recommending Dr. Buggs, P r e s i dent W a r r e n E. Bow of W a y n e University reported that he had to his credit one of the most brilliant scholastic records ever achieved in the University of Minnesota graduate school. H e received his Master of Science degree at Minnesota graduate school in 1932 and the doctorate at Minnesota in 1934. "Dr. Buggs wished to join our faculty primarily because of its research facilities," said Dr. E d g a r H. Norris, dean of the Wayne College of Medicine. "His coming is a step in the building up of the outstanding faculty we need for our projected Medical Science Center. Dr. Buggs will personally continue our study of wound infections. This study, begun more than a year ago under the auspices of the National Research Council, has lately been in the doldrums because of a lack of bacteriologists to complete it. "Dr. Buggs' specialty, bacteriology, is one of the major fields of medical investigation because infectious diseases still rank as the No. 1 killer of mankind. We look to see Dr. Buggs do significant work immediately, and when the Medical Science Center is completed we shall place ampler facilities at his disposal." Seven Negro students are currently enrolled in the Wayne University College of Medicine. Brother Alpha Phi Morehouse his A. B.
Buggs was initiated into Alpha while a student at College where he received degree in 1928.
* * * Brother Charles W. Anderson, who is a member of the Kentucky State Legislature, was honored by members of the bar association at their November annual session. He was elected 194o-1944 president. * * * Lt. Brother James A. McLendon, of Chicago, Illinois, was assigned to the Judge Advocate General's Department, Washington, ]). C , in September. He is the second Negro officer to receive such an assignment. Lt. Brother McLendon is a graduate of Fisk University and Northwestern University Law School. H e was practicing law in Chicago when he was inducted into service. Alpha Phi Alpha is proud of Lt. Brother McLendon's record1. H e was commissioned a (Turn to page IS)
DEDICATED TO OUR HEROES
BROTHER SIDNEY P.BROOKS LOST IN ACTION It came as a shock to all of us who knew Brother Lt. Sidney P. Brooks, the terse announcement of his death in the African-Siciliati-Italian theater of war recently. Brother Brooks, a pilot of P-40 W a r h a w k , was shot down by Nazi airmen. H e was a member of the famed 99th P u r suit Squadron that raided Pantelleria early in June of this year. To all of us who knew Brother Brooks, he was a clean, straightforward, regular fellow. This writer remembers back in high school with Brother Brooks how well-liked he was by both the students and the faculty. H e
was a member of several of the school's clubs, and took an active- part in athletics. Brother Brooks was a graduate from Central High School of Cleveland, Ohio and was in attendance at The Ohio State University when called to serve his country. As a member of Kappa Chapter, he lived the ideals of the fraternity. To Mrs. Sidney P. Brooks and his parents, we of Kappa Chapter, send heartfelt sympathy. lie was very dear to us, too. J A M E S K. A N T H O N Y . President of Kappa Chapter.
Well, brothers, I guess you know by now they "went and dune it'—that is. the Army t>><>k our editor-in-chief, Brother Lewis 0 . Swingler. Passed with Hying colors. After much deliberation and many deferments he was whisked away late in November to Fort Kenning. Georgia. The last few days <>i Brother Swingler's sojourn here were a mad rush of affairs to wish him well and Godspeed and to express the high esteem with which he is held here. His speedy return to civilian life is expected soon, we hope. There was a lot of unnecessary procedure and prejudice connected with the whole business since the Selective Service Acts deferred editors and managing directors of newspapers as vital needs. Brother Swingler's induction places the whole Negro press in a very precarious position. The direct editorship of the Sphinx will be in the hands of Brother M. G. Ferguson of Nashville, Tennessee. This was agreed upon by Executive Council action in the event Brother Swingler had to go. Here's hoping everything works out for the best.
* * *
And while I am on the subject of Army life, let me on behalf of the staff of the Sphinx wish all Alpha brothers and men in all branches of the Armed Service a very Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. I hope that many brothers and the men everywhere will have a chance to see Brother Bishop John A. Gregg on his present tour of the European Theatre of Operation. He is such splendid inspiration to meet at all times. The men in the South Pacific area can testify to that. A Happy Yuletide to all.
» * *
H a d the very great pleasure of entertaining Brother Rev. A Wayman W a r d , of Chicago, the author of our Fraternity Prayer and one of the candidates who is most likely to be elected to the bishopric in the coming General Conference of the A. M. E. Church. Brother W a r d paid our annual conference a visit. It is always a pleasure to see him and have him in our midst.
Brother Charles W. Greene, of Atlanta, Georgia, was in our city for a few days during the Agency Directors' Meeting. His interest and spiril always revive us and stimulate us to do better things. Come ag.mi Brothei Greene.
* * * Top honors go, I suppose, to Brother Charles W. Anderson, of Louisville, Kentucky, recently re-elected for the fifth term to the Kentucky State Legislature, and as head of the N a tional Bar Association meeting recently in Baltimore, Maryland. These two positions are ranking ones that evidence the type and amount of respect and confidence the people have in this outstanding young Alpha man. May the honor of being a friend among friends be always yours.
* * * And speaking of Louisville, on every hand others are finding out what a swell place the ''Eagles Nest" is at the F r a n k Stanley's. 1 hope to be in Louisville sometime in the near future.
* * * Some few questions I want to know. I seem to see it everywhere I go. We, as Negroes, for a large part, have a lot to learn. 1. Why do we chew gum? 2. Why is it invariably when we go shopping we have to eat what we buy on the buses and street cars—and most times it is always monkey food, nuts of some kind? 3. Why do we have to eat in theatres ? 4. Why do we love to fight? 5. Why isn't it we do not want to go to school ? These tendencies are not natural, they are brought on by some sort of negligence on the part of the responsible few. There's where our great work should be done. Excuse please
* * * A little premature this bit of gossip. but by the time this is off the press I think it will be true. Our little Girl of the ticket box, who left us some-
lime ago in move up on tin- ladder, left us all with :i had case of Matti COsis, is about I,, do that thing a It maybe one of our Christmas affairs, and again it may not. but plans are in the making. \ verj definite step has been made in that direction. I think she is landing a very nice fellow. Sorry I couldn't get you. hut 1 wish you luck. I'll always have the mark left by Matticosis. Nice knowing you.
* * * I want to take this time to thank Brother M. G. Ferguson and Brother Henry Allen Boyd, who now have direct charge of the publication of our organization, for the privilege of continuing this column under their supervision. Thanks.
* * * I haven't had the chance to visit my ole Alma Mater since Brother President Charles il. Wesley has been at the helm of the place that I think is the greatest of all places. But from all accounts the place is acquiring more honors now than it has for sometime. Much success to you Brothei Wesley, hut don't let the strains of worry of the place bring lines too early in your face to destroy your handsomeness, that would be bad. Well, here's hoping. Saw you and Brother Aubrey Lane in the movies the other day. took very well. Merry Christmas to the family.
* * *
Brother Reid A. Jackson and I always have some rather different ideas about our educatioral views. It might he nice sometime if we battle some of these ideas out. It would make for a lot of fun some night at a F r a t meet. Anyway, if anyone should want sonic ballyhoo on most any subject—well. just let me know—open season, you know.
* * * Anyone knowing the whereabouts of Brother A. Maceo Hill just let me know. T saw where a group called on the Governor of Ohio and Brother Hill wasn't p r e s e n t It can't be. I'll be seeinya on the next watch.
? * A T E * N I T Y fUAf DR.O.WILSON FRAT
CHRISTMAS REVERIES ODE TO THE SPHIXZ STAFF You c a n always tell the English, you can always tell the Dutch, You can always tell au Alpha manâ€” But you cannot tell him much. My thoughts go hack to the Nashville Convention. It was there I tirst met the chief, Lewis O. Swingler. Tall, proud, quiet; lie had a heart of goldâ€” and tooth the same. His record in journalism won him au almost unanimous election. His subsequent editorship has justified that election. Even au alien fraternity bestowed him a medal for journalism. My next thought is of Jewel George B. Kelly. It should lie, for both Life Member Walter F. Jerrick and 1 have just made him custodian for an Alpha Victory Bond. Kelly, the humanitarian, the arbiter, and accountant, a roan of far vision, he has the highest convention attendance record. I have an abiding affection for Jewel Kelly. If I think of efficiency, precision and superlative exactness, if I think of clerical and business acumen, mingled with affability, I think of Burt A. Mayberry. As executive secretary of the Missouri State Teachers Association, he makes a hobby out of what would be a confining job to a less fertile
brain. Milton S. J. Wright, self effacing and modest, almost to a fault. Doctor of Philosophy, sound, profound thinker with a Hiedleburg personality. One of the few men of color to have had an appointment interview with Der Fuehrer, Adloph Hitler. Both of them frankly exchanged opinions of each other and "mirahile dictu," the Nazis did not castrate the doctor or did they? Bill Gray, Sphinx feature writer and studious preacher's son is now Dr. William H. Gray, Jr., president of Florida Normal Institute, a husband, a daddv and a. friend worth knowing. A product of Dr. Felton G. Clark, school of suavity. Brother Hugh M. Gloster, of Morehouse College maintains his college austerity and dignity despite his proximity to my friend R T. Harvey, the cosmopolite. At the Christmas exams, the answer to one of the questions came hack. "God only knows, 1 don't. Merry Christmas Professor!" At the beginning of the incoming semester Prof. Gloster signed the paper. "For God, Km." "For you, 0." Happy New Y e a r ! " Bro. James B. Browning is a valuable member of the Staff. He speaks with the voice of authority, so I read his columns with avidity. H e is well located as professor at a teachers College, the enrollment of which is predominantly feminine.
Bro. Jas. D. Parks and Bro. Dowdal H. Davis, Jr., both from the "Show me" State of Missouri are able artists. Frat Fun is inviting them to intersperse this column with a few Petty girl type of sketches to illustrate his next column. ODE TO EDDIE COTTON Don't worry if your job is small \nd your rewards are few Remember that the mighty oak Was once a nut like you. Back to Nashville go my thoughts. If J. Edward Cotton does nothing else in Alpha affairs, his name will always live in Alpha historj for bis famous Swingler nomination speech. If he could or would plead like that to Olga and Mattie he wouldn't have so much "Matticosis" or such deep Olga blues. My first acquaintance with Bro. Kermit J. Hall was at New Orleans. H a v ing paid his own expenses to the convention, we certified his delegate credentials and Alpha obtained a new star in her firmament And I perhaps lured him to Philadelphia, to end his bachelorhood. My thoughts go out to Chicago and Bro. Sidney A. "Weegie" Jones, Jr., comes to my mind in retrospect. 1 first remember him at the Cincinnati Convention. I have followed his interest in Alpha and have classed him as an authority on Chapter House management and financing. His legal perspicacity won him the Order of Coit from a national law fraternity. Dr. Prof. Reid E. Jackson, nephew of Bro. Bishop F. Madison Reid, has grown rapidly in the Sphinx family. His editorials should not be embalmed in a quarterly magazine. We waive copyright restrictions and any national Negro journal may promulgate the wisdom he writes. My old pal Private A. J. Lewis II, was "exhibit A" in my last column. Private Lewis in civilian life was an Atlanta Social worker, a scout master with the Silver Leaf, an amateur psychiatrist and a fulsome Alphaite. H a s his modesty prevented the Army from appreciating these accomplishments? "Speak up Andy and 'spress yo'sef." The nomenclature of newspapers are in a class all their own. Some literary gems from the Louisville Defender of which Bro. Frank L. Stanley, Jr., is editor ran like t h i s : " H e kissed her passionately upon her reappearance." "Mr. Jones walked in upon her invitation." "She seated herself upon his entering." , "She sat down upon her being asked." "She fainted upon his departure." However, a visit to the Stanley press room and to his Pent-
bouse erases all memories of mundane trivialities. Looking outside of the official staff. who is Dr. Charles Prudbomme? My office force, my family and I, we all read "The Password," Page 14 Pictorial Number, twice. Nice article doc. O D E TO FRAT FUN
Oh see the happy moron, He doesn't give a taiuii, 1 wish 1 were a moron M> god! Perhaps I am.
Alpha Men in the N e w s t Continued
second lieutenant at Ft. Washington, Md., in the Adjutant's School and was immediately assigned to the Adjutant General's Department at Ft. Washington. Just prior to bis assignment to the Judge Advocate General's Department he was the recipient of an official commendation for his work in connection with the preparation and restatement of Army regulations. Another item of interest to Alpha men is Lt. Brother McLendon's marriage on December 20, 1943, to Miss Elnora Davis, of Washington, D. C , the daughter of General B. O. Davis.
DEADLINE NOTICE FEBRUARY NUMBER
Deadline date for the February Number is herewith announced for Saturday, February 12th, 1944.
Managi ng Editor 345 Fourth Avenue, North, Nashville 3, Tennessee
VOICE OF THE SPHINX ALPHA BETA CHAPTER Talladega College Talladega, Alabama Greetings: Seasons Greetings to you all. T o day while the eyes of men a r e turned towards war and destruction, memof Alpha Beta are doing their share to keep the "home fires burning." Alpha Beta proudly boasts of leasing to the armed services such capable brothers a s : Gerald Boswell, Herman Daves, W a r r e n Nash, Andrew Randall, Maynard Foster and George E. Lee. Dawn of the year found nine ne.v men added to the chapter. They a r e : Brothers Oliver Brown, Moses Buie, Charles Curry, E s t u s Foster, William Moses, Clarence Neal, Rodger T a y lor, F r a n k l i n Thomas, and William J. Washington. The neophytes were feted with a breakfast the "morning after," by the chapter. Brother F r a n k O. Richards, chapter president, served as toastmaster. Brief speeches were made by graduate Brothers Jones, Hayden, Phillips, and Hopson. With the new life and great promise that our new brothers have brought, it is hoped that we shall have a most successful and enjoyable year. In March, '44, Alpha Beta will lose three brothers, namey, F r a n k Richards, Oliver Spellman and William W a s h ington, who will enter Howard University, School of Medicine. In closing, Alpha Beta wishes to extend special Yuletide Greetings to all brothers in the Armed Forces and best wishes for success in the New ^ e a r to all affiliated with Alpha Phi Alpha. Fraternally yours, O L I V E R B. S P E L L M A N Editor to the Sphinx Âť â€˘ -
ALPHA RHO CHAPTER, Morehouse College Atlanta, Georgia The Alpha Rho chapter of the Alpha \lpha fraternity held its first ofmecting on September 29, 1943, after which they retired to their new fraternal den for an exclusive fraternal r e p a s t A smoker was held during the week-end of September 29 in honor of several active members who are now serving in various branches of the Armed Forces. Those brothers so
honored were Bunyan, Funderburg, McMath, McDonald, Sullivan, Shorter, Stinson and Bullock. A program was outlined for the coming year, and new officers were elected. They are as follows: President, William S. Gandy; vicepresident, Alvin W a r d l a w ; secretary, Albert W : ardlaw; corresponding secretary, Charles C. W a l k e r ; treasurer, Charles Goosby; scrgeant-at-arms, W a r r e n E. Dean, 11; associate editor, Carl F. P r i n c e ; chaplain, Clarence Lanier. The Sphinx Club of Alpha Rho chap-
ter, represented from both the sophomore and junior classes is very promising. Thanks to Brother Emett A. Paulin of Beta Delta chapter for the new song "Alpha is W o r t h Fighting For." Not only is their song loved and cherished by the brothers of Alpha Rho chapter, but it has also grown to be a part of the Sphinxmen. This song, "Alpha is W o r t h Fighting For," has worded Morehouse and the affiliated institutions identically to F r a n k Sinatra's "Sunday, Monday or Always." The earnest Sphinx a r e : Paul Lawrence Dunbar Sanford, Robert J. Williams,
Of Alpha Rho
According to a tradition of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, Alpha Rho chapter of Morehouse College, in making preparations for the Homecoming (lassie, chose Miss Dorothy James as the 1943 Sweetheart of Alpha Rho chapter. Miss James is the first in the history of Morehouse College to participate in the Maroon and White Festivities as a Fraternity Queen. Adding color ami glamour to the Homecoming Classic, she, along with Miss Maroon and White, was one of the main attractions. Sporting the black and old gold for Alphadom, she is one of the most beloved and beautiful at Atlanta University, and is well worthy of the honor that has been bestowed upon her. Following the double Homecoming Classic between the two bitter Atlanta teams, Morehouse Tigers and Clark Panthers, and the Maroon and White dance, Miss Alpha Rho was feted with an exclusive party given in typical Alpha style. W h e n Morehouse and Alpha get together, they usually have a jolly good time. For Miss James and Alpha Phi Alpha, the Sweetheart song was sung with grace and fullness. Miss James did undergraduate work at Conservative Allegheny College, Meadville, Pennsylvania. Graduating in June, 1943, she has filled one of her many wishes by attending an all-Negro institution, namely, Atlanta University School of Social Work. She is a member of the Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority and the National Debs about Town Social Club. She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Isaac James of Meadville, Pennsylvania. C A R L F. P R I N C E .
December, 1943 Shelton Penn, Luther Singletary, Samuel H a r r i s , Silas S. Abrams and Knox Nash. CARL F R E E M A N P R I N C E Associate Editor of Sphinx
MU CHAPTER University of Minnesota, St. Paul-Minneapolis, Minnesota Brothers in Alpha, Yuletide Greetings: Mu chapter held its last regular meeting Friday night at the h o m e , of Brother E a r l Webber. At that time election of officers was held. Officers chosen: president, John R. Lawrence, J r . ; vice-president, Earl S. W e b b e r ; secretary, John M. P a t r o n ; assistant secretary, Henry T h o m a s ; treasurer, William Cassius; associate editor of Sphinx, Claiborne C. Hill. Brother S. Vincent Owens of the St. Paul Urban League heads the Program Committee for the year. Brother Calloway heads the Social Committee. On Monday evening, October 18, 1943, a social was given at the beautiful home of Brother and M r s . John M. Patton in honor of Lt. Brother Robert Gardner and Mrs. Gardner and Brother Thomas Monson. Brother Monson has a rating of technical sergeant. Both brothers spoke briefly giving us a resume of their activities from the time they entered the services up to the present time. Brother Gardner was inducted at Fort Snelling. Minnesota. H e was sent to Scott Field. Illinois, from here. He was soon made athletic director of the squadron at this post. After he had completed hjs basic training here, he was sent to O. C. S. at Miami Beach. Florida. Here he received his commission and was transferred to the T u s kegee Air Base in the special service department Mrs. Gardner, his lovely wife, is there with him. Technical Sergeant Brother Thomas Monson was also inducted at Fort Snelling. He was sent to Fort Francis Warren, Wyoming. He is now personmi sergeant major of the post. Those present at the social w e r e : I.t. Brother Robert Gardner and Mrs. Gardner. Technical Sergeant Brother Thomas Monson, Ra.nmnd Cannon, Henry Thomas and company, Brother Robert Johnson and Mrs. Johnson, from Richmond. Virginia, William Cassius, S. Vincent Owens, A. J. Lewis and company, John R. Lawrence, Jr., ami Mrs. Lawrence, John M. Patton and Mrs. Patton, and Claiborne C. Hill. The evening was spent in discussions, games and cards. Ice cream and cake was served to the guests.
THE S P H I N X Brother O. A. Griffin is stationed somewhere in the South Pacific. Brother and Mrs. La.wrence received several snapshots of him just recently. Brother John Lawrence also received a nice long letter from Pvt. Brother Lawrence Wright, who is stationed at the reception center, Fort Benning, Georgia. Brother W r i g h t is an instructor in education there. Brother M. M. Patton was recently elected secretary of the Social Welfare Union. He is the first Negro to hold such a post. Brother A. J. Lewis was made State Deputy of Elks. Second Lieutenant Brother Walter Goins is stationed at Tuskegee. Victor Calloway and Miss Anita Bloedoorn were married recently. Brother C. W . Washington of the Minneapolis Urban League visited his father in Kansas City last week. His father has been very ill. Brother S. Vincent Owens and Mrs. Owens have a new baby girl. Mu chapter wishes every brother everywhere a very Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. Fraternally yours, C L A I B O R N E C. H I L L
BETA OMICRON, A. & I. State College, Nashville, Tennessee T h e men of Beta Omicron this year are truly exemplifying the leadership expected of the men of Alphadom. Of the many organizations on the campus. three-fourths of them have either elected or selected their principal officers from the men of Beta Omicron. Listed below arc the men of Beta Omicron and the offices they hold in the various organizations : E d w a r d W. Reed, president of Beta Omicron; president, Student Council; superintendent, Sunday school; second vice president. Student Forum; chairman, membership committee, Student Christian Association; member Science Club, and member, Better Dormitory Club. Benjamin Saulter, vice president of Beta Omicron; president, Better Dormitory Club; third vice president. Student F o r u m ; treasurer, Student Christian Association; starred in "Old Man Pete" with the Tennessee State Players Guild, and member, Science Club. John F. Taylor, secretary of Beta Omicron; baritone soloist with the Concert S i n g e r s ; member, College Choir, and member, Student Forum. R. Bartley J. Campbelle, Jr., t r e a s urer of Beta Omicron; president, Fu-
Page 17 ture Teachers of A m e r i c a ; business manager, Student F o r u m ; business manager, senior c l a s s ; business manager and stage manager, Tennessee State Players Guild; chairman, economic research committee, Student Christian Association; member, L a m b da E t a Sigma Honor Society; member, National Speech F r a t e r n i t y ; member, Gavel Club (debate society). Lloyd E. Allen, associate editor, Sphinx, Beta Omicron; member, Concert S i n g e r s ; member, Strident F o rum ; member, Science Club, and member, Better Dormitory Club. Arthur E. Horn, chaplain of Beta Omicron; captain, football squad; business manager, Better Dormitory Club, and member, Science Club. Maurice B. Hickman, parliamentarian of Beta Omicron; president and electrician, Tennessee State Players Guild; co-chairman. freshman work, Student Christian Association; treasurer, Senior C l a s s ; librarian, Sunday School; member. Science Club, and member, Gavel Club. W e of Beta Omicron challenge any other chapter in Alphadom to equal or better our record. Until then, we are assuming the title "The Biggest Little Chapter in Alphadom." T H E MEN O F BETA OMICRON. • — •
PI LAMBDA CHAPTER Little Rock, Ark. Greetings, Brothers: Pi Lambda greets the brothers of Alphadom with a calm spirit and an unshakable belief in the eternal present and the unseen future. Although the world-wide conflict rages, the spirit of service, which is characteristic oi Alpha, prevails. Brothers Clifford E . Minton, who has been at the head of the Urban League of Greater Little Rock, for the past several years, was absent because he is now serving as Program Director of the American Red Cross overseas; Brother Herbert H. Denton, formerly principal of Capitol Hill School, who is serving in the Armed Forces is also missed from our group. W e wish for these brothers success, and a safe return to us. Pi Lambda was proud to have Brother L. L. Patton of Psi Lambda of Chattanooga, Tennessee, as its guest. Brother Patton met with Brother H. A. Powell, one of his former classmates. They recalled many of their interesting school experiences. Brothers C. Franklin Brown and J. R. Booker were co-hosts to Pi Lambda.. The brothers enjoyed a bountiful repast
Page 18 under the supervision of Mrs. Helen B. Ivey, the charming sister of Brother Booker, at their beautiful home, 1524 Cross Street. Pi Lambda expressed its desire to work with the Pan Hellenic Council in helping to inspire all Greeks to work in closer harmony for the social uplift of the community. Brother J. H. Lewis, formerly principal of Dunbar High School and Junior College, who is the newly elected president o# Sliorter-Flippcr-Curry College, reports a bright outlook for that institution. Dr. Lewis will be a long remembered leader for his stand at Dunbar. Brother M. LaFayette Harris, president of Philander Smith College since 1936, led an interesting discussion on "Trends in Modern Education," in which lie pointed out some of the defeels in today's set-up. The brothers are expecting to scatter sunshine in the community by contributing to the "Good-fellows" as they cheer the less fortunate children in this vicinity. Fraternally yours, V A. A R N O L D , Reporter
* ALPHA CHI CHAPTER, Fisk University, Nashville, Tennessee Greetings from Alpha Chi Chaptei : Under the able leadership of Brother Robert Dunmore, Alpha Chi chapter is formulating plans for a very active year. The annual chapel program and the smoker For freshmen men promise i<> live up to and even surpass previous chapel programs. The traditionally inspirational chapel program, with its impressive ceremonies, will be held in an elevating air of solemnity in the Fisk Memorial Chapel. Then the freshmen men. an unexpectedly large number, considering these wartime conditions, will be entertained by the brothers at a smoker. From all indications, the smoker will afford the freshmen a jolly evening of mirth and merry-making. Plans are also in the making for the sponsoring of the annual Alpha Sweet heart dance, a gala occasion on the campus social calendar which is much looked forward to by all of the student body. Another item on the activity schedule, the annual Alpha Scholarship Drive, is being mapped out in the true "Alpha Spirit To Serve." This scholarship drive is held annually in connection with "The Education for Citizenship" program.
The brothers of Alpha Chi chapter have gained quite a reputation for themselves on the campus as singers on several occasions, the most recent of which was the Delta Sigma Theta sorority's party for freshman women. The Sweetheart Song was rendered and it was received with much enthusiasm. Alpha Chi chapter, with understandable pride, wishes to make mention of its representatives in the Armed Forces. In the army we are represented by Brothers Frenise Logan, Harvy Procter, and Charles Lee. Enrolled at Meharry Medical College, under the Army Specialized Training P r o gram are Brothers Joseph Wiltshire, Robert Rice, Harold Burt, and Caldwell Gaffney. In the navy, we point with pride to Brothers Marcus Battle, and little Brothers Alfonzo Hickerson and William Dorsey. Fraternally yours, S1MPLICIO PARAJINOG.
* BETA EPSILON CHAPTER, A. & T. College, Greensboro, North Carolina Greetings, Brothers in Alpha: Beta Epsilon, like the majority of the undergraduate chapters, has lost a heavy toll of its membership to the Armed Forces. Brothers now in service include Brothers Lt. Low, Dunran Williams. Carl Kohi, Eugene Henderson, Otis Rooseau. Sphinxmen who've answered the call to the colors are Calvin Lampley, E d w a r d Gilmore, Hildia Gilmore, John Rawls, and William Gunii. The chapter is happy to welcome nine recently made neophytes who crossed the burning sand a few weeks ago. They a r c : Brothers Wilson York, Pitts field, Massachusetts; Harold Hopper, Jethro Hopper, Lonnie Burton and Daniel Rave, Asheville. North Carolina; Isaac Olds and Ernest Olds. Norfolk, Virg i n i a ; Earl Setzer, Topeka, K a n s a s ; and James Andrews. WHlSton-Salem, North Carolina. The chapter held a bond rally on the campus during the week October .illNovember 6, at which time members bought their monthly bond. The quarterly program in the chapel proved inspiring. There have been a number of soldier brothers from other chapters taking the accelerated Army course. Among this number were Bros, Proctor, Beta K a p p a ; H a r r i s , from N u ; and Gerrings, from Alpha Eta Lambda.
December, 1943 Brothers from North Carolina State, and Johnson C. Smith University were invited to the Thanksgiving game during the football classic between A. & T. College and Johnson C. Smith. Brother C h a r k s Washington, grid center for A. & T. College, has turned in such a stellar record at the "hot spot" that he is already a candidate for the All-CIAA team. Plans are now being made for the Alpha Sweetheart Dance. Fraternally yours, EARL S E T Z E R , JR. Editor to the Sphinx. â€˘Âť
OMICRON LAMBDA, Birmingham, Alabama Omicron Lambda chapter extends greetings to brothers in civilian life and in the service of the country. Our chapter has been struck by the "grim reaper" of the horrible pangs of war, but we are going ahead, trying to make progress in spite of handicaps. Our president, H. Lovell (Hog) Mosely, has been called to the service and by the time this article is published will be actively engaged in military activities. The brothers left here on the home front are trying to carry on and make progress. Brother C. L. Shepard, who was a professor at Miles Memorial * olkge, has been appointed Dean of the college. Brother B. A. (Yack) Collins, former head coach at Parker High School, has resigned his position as mentor to accept a position with the government mail service. Brother Major A. Brown, who was assistant coach for the "Thundering Herd" of Parker High, has been made head coach. Brothers of Alpha Phi Alpha here in Birmingham have taken an active part in the civic affairs of the city and nation. They have participated in a memorable way to the Community and W a r Chest Fund Drive and have bought many dollars worth of war bonds and stamps, Many members of Omicron are now in class 1-A but they have taken for their motto, "To work for our fraternity while here and to work for our Country when in the Service." Outpresident is the proud father of a baby boy. He has been named for his loyal Alpha father. H. Lovell Mosely,
Jr. Omicron Lambda is expecting to sponsor a bond rally within the near future. The chapter expects to make this movement city-wide in scope. Best wishes to all members of Alpha
December, 1943 P h i Alpha wherever they may be. God bless you all. Fraternally yours, W I L L I A M E. ( P E T E ) P E T E R S O N Editor to the Sphinx.
DELTA CHAPTER, Tillotson College Austin, Texas Brothers in Alpha, Greetings: In the smaller colleges over the United States there exists a shortage of men. Delta chapter, located in a small school, has met this difficulty and is fighting to overcome it. Though small in number, we will continue in the tine spirit of Alpha until those who have left us to light, return to join hands in fellowship again. There are seven Alpha men on our camptft today, live undergraduates and the Dean of the school, Brother W i l liam H. J o n e s ; and treasurer, Brother Arthur L. Royster. Our activities for the year are as follows: Annual Smoker tor new men, held September 30; P u b lication of the "Sphinxman," local chapter campus news sheet, Annual Breakfast Dance, November 26, participating in bond drive, sponsored by Pan-Hellenic Council, and Spring Formal. We welcome two neophytes into the fold. They are Brother Maceo T. Bowie and Brother William Charles Hall. It is bur aim to keep in constant touch with all our brothers ir, the Armed Forces. They number about sixteen and are in all branches of the armed service From the A Ah' to the Marines. Brother John T. King has been commissioned Second Lieutenant in the Medical Corps, all have ratings from corporal up. Brother Baldwin W. Burroughs, our director of dramatics here for several years, is ill the Navy carrying on in the field of dramatics. Brother Kelly Meadow has secured a position in the D. D. and B. Institute of this state, located just outside of the city. Beta /.eta and Delta chapters are working together for the mutual benefit of all. We are each .',i h coming conscious of the need for a fight Eo democracy and are behind the N. A V i '. P. program on our campus so that our brother- ill service will see the benefit of their fight. We will carry uN regardless of number. Fraternally yours, JESSIE BETHEL
CHAPTER DIRECTORY WILL BE CHANGED IN FEBRUARY ISSUE
ALPHA LAMBDA CHAPTER, Louisville, Kentucky Greetings : Although Louisville has sent twentybrothers to the Armed Forces, Alpha Lambda is still carrying on in true Alpha spirit. At the November meeting, twenty-eight brothers turned out to eat turkey with Brother hosts Doctors J. A. C. Lattimore, 1'. O. Sweeney and Andrew II. Dibble in the beautiful recreation room of the home of Brother Lattimore. Madmes Lattimore and Dibble, wives of the brother hosts were very charming hostesses indeed. Brothers of Alpha Lambda don't feel the pinch of rationing at their meetings. In keeping with the saying, "Don't change horses in the middle of the stream" all officers were reelected at this meeting: Brother Dr. C. Milton Young, president; Brother Louis J. Harper, Jr., secretary; Brother Lyman T. Johnson, treasurer. These brothers have done a fine job during the past year and all of the brotherwanted to see them stay in office. denial Brother Kenneth Morris, our h e a l L'SO Director, is still doing big things at the club. The Louisville
Page 19 USO Club has a national reputation as a " T o p " Club. He is planning a large Christmas dinner for the service men and women and the whole community is right with him. Brother Morris certainly has a. way of putting things over. Alpha brothers have done it a g a i n ! Brother E a r l E. Pruitt accepted the responsibility of chairman of the Colored Population Division of the Louisville W a r F'und Campaign for the second consecutive year. Brother Robert E. Black who hails from Alpha T a u in Arkon, Ohio, and who was recently selected executive secretary of the Louisville Urban League, was named secretary of the Colored Division to work with Brother Pruitt. These brothers directed a drive which brought in $10,041.38 or 12ft per cent of the quota of $8,000.00 set for the Colored Population Division, the largest amount ever raised by the Colored Division. Brother Pruitt is the onlychairman to head up the Division for two consecutive years and has gone over the top both times. "Alpha always comes through."
Deep In The Heart
B R O T H E R R O B E R T E. BLACK
With a "bit" of puhhritude to cheer them on, these Alpha brothers of Delta chapter, Tillotson. College, Austin, Texas, have avowed to keep ever aglow the light of Alpha Phi Alpha. From left to right, s t a n d i n g : Brothers Archie Johnson, leffery Gipson and Jesse Bethel. Miss Delores Pendergrass, recently named "Sweetheart" of Delta chapter, is doing her full share in bolstering the spirit of the Tillotson brothers. Not shown in picture but still active in chapter circles are Brothers Kelly Meadow, Maceo Bowie and William Charles Hall.
Page 20 ALPHA UPSILON LAMBDA, Alabama State College Montgomery, Alabama Alpha Upsilon Lambda got off to a fine start with a 100 per cent paid-up membership of seventeen members in the general organization. Despite the loss of several of our most active members, it is the goal to make this the crowning year of Alpha Upsilon Lambda's accomplishments. Among those brothers who were called to the colors were Brothers A. Campbell, Clinton Elmore, A. J. Smith, and M. Wolfolk. These brothers are steadily advancing, as characteristic of true Alpha men, and Brother Campbell has achieved the rank of Master Sergeant, and Brother Wolfolk that of Lieutenant. Lieutenant Brother Wolfolk was stationed a short while at Tuskegee and visited the campus several times before being moved to the Oscoda Army Air School, Oscoda, Michigan. Word was received recently that Brother MlSgt. Campbell plans to visit us in the near future. To compensate for our loss to the Armed Forces, the following have come to u s : Brother Dr. V. E. Daniel (beginning this year as Dean of Instruction, a position which had been vacant for several years, at State Teachers College) a charter member from Alpha Sigma chapter who served as principal advisor of the undergraduates until coming to us. Brother F r a n k A. DeCosta (heading the Department of Education. State Teachers College) came to us from Beta Kappa Lambda. Llrother J. Reuben Sheeler (Acting Principal of the Laboratory High School in the absence of Brother J. Garrick Hardy, who is completing :i ultiate work on his doctorate degree at the University of Wisconsin) from Alpha Mu Lambda. Brother Dr. E. G. T r i g ? (heading the Health P r o g r a m at State Teachers College) from Mu I inilida. Brother Kerven W. Carter (serving as secretary to Brother Dr. V. E. Daniel, and who was formerly employed as clerk-stenographer in the Department of Commerce, Washington, D. C.) from Mu Lambda. Our initial meeting was held at the home of the chapter president. Brother Dr. Cohen T. Simpson, with the business and discussion groups held in his smug den. T h e ladies of Brother Dr. Simpson's home surely won for themselves a special place of high esteem in the hearts of the Alpha brothers who witnessed the repast on the occasion of that meeting. The menu consisted of turkey and dressing, cranberry sauce,
lettuce and potato salad, olives, diced pickles, hot rolls, and coffee. It is our aim to meet at least once :i month and our regular meeting has been scheduled for the second Tuesday night of each month, with a special program for each meeting. Also several public programs are on our calendar for the year. Brother H. Councill Trenholm lias been busily engaged in leading war bond campaigns and conducting war bond rallies. Brother Dr. Akiki Nyabongo has begun his lecture tour, and the first of the series was given at the meeting of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History held in Detroit. Later he gave a three days' lecture at Alcorn College. On November 21 he spoke at the Pan-American Women's Association in New York City, and in December he extended greetings to Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt at the meeting of the African Students' Union of America which also convened in New York City. Recently Brother F. A. DeCosta conducted a series of successful programs in observance of Education Week. H e was also presented in a special program at the Junior College Branch in Mobile, Alabama, recently. Thus Alpha Upsilon Lambda marches on. Fraternally yours, K E R V E N W. CARTER, Corresponding Secretary.
ALPHA DELTA LAMBDA Memphis, Tenn. Greetings. Brothers : It has been sometime since news under this section of the Voice of thc Splnnx has appeared from this chapter. However, from now on out there will be little excerpts from Down on Beale. Our news this time is the loss of our president to the Armed Forces. Brother Swingler left in November. At the election of officers the following roster was chosen for the ensuing y e a r : Brother W . W. Gibson, president: Brother S. M. Smith, vicepresident; Brother W . P. Guy, secret a r y ; Brother H. C L''than financial secretary; Brother H. C. Price, t r e a s u r e r ; Brother J. E. Cotton, editor to Sph i n x ; Brother R. S. Lewis, chairman social committee: Brother M. L. Tarpley, director of education. A rather enthusiastic meeting was held and the chapter had fourteen men to lay it on the line so that the chapter could be active for another year,
December, 1943 The chapter has been hit considerably during the year by men being called into service. Men have been called from the president on through the entire roster, but we are carrying on. The chapter has been visited by any number of brothers passing through or visiting meetings held here in this city. The Thanksgiving holidays were topped off by the Delta regional meeting here and a combined social affair on the Saturday after Thanksgiving proved to be one of the high lights of the season. Our Christmas season promises to be a gala one with a number of affairs being_ planned. Our social committee has instructions to get something together for the holidays. At press time I am not fully aware of the plans. But to all our friends, both far and near, we wish you a very Merry Christmas and a Prosperous New Year. Until next time Fraternally, J. E D W A R D C O T T O N .
KAPPA CHAPTER, Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio November 10, 1943 B r j t h e r s , Greetings, When a hit of sunshine hits ye After passing of a cloud, And a bit of laughter gits ye An' your spine is feeling proud. Don't forget to up and fling it At a soul that's feeling blue, For the moment that ye sling it, It's a boomerang to you. Maybe tin's is not the place for poetry and the above may be a little far-fetched, but the implication is apropos. Now that the Yuletide season is coming up, let's not be so happy in our snug little niche of comfort and security that we will forget about our brothers who will not be able to be home and enjoy Christmas with us. It is a known fact that mail is one of the best morale-builders for men in the armed forces, and let's not be caught short in our exhibition of brother love to those who share the common ideal with us, by having not, at least, written to them by Christmas. W e here at Kappa Chapter are proud to state that we are well represented in the three major branches of the armed forces, and whereas we don't have the mailing addresses of
December, 1943 all of our brothers, the following is the location of some of t h e m : Cadet Carl A. Slaughter, Co. A, 2515 SU (AST), Howard University, Washington, D. C. Richard E. Gordon, A. S., Co. 1231, 16th Batt.. 14th Reg., Camp Moffett, Great Lakes, Illinois. Pvt. H e n r y F . Smith, PI. 145, Co. A, Recruit Depot Bn., Camp Lejeune, New River, N. C. Pvt. William J. Hart, 301 Trng. Grp., Brks. 304, Sheppard Field, Tex. Pvt. John A. Mitchell, 1550 Service Unit Q- M. Sec (col) Fort Knox, Ky. Pvt. Richard Calloway, 1170 T r g . Grp-, Fl. 761, Keesler Field, Miss. Pvt. William E. Williams, 301st. Trg. Grp.. 3rd. Sq., Brks. 303 Sheppard Field, Texas. P. A C. Paul G. Lewis, 1170th. T r g . Grp., Sq- 701, Class 755, Keesler Field, Mississippi. Pvt. E d w a r d P. Gentry, 305th T r g . Grp. 20th Sq. 77th Flight. Brks. 203, Sheppard Field, Texas. Sgt. W. Lloyd Crable, H . Q. Troop 5th Recon. Sq., A. P. O. 435, Ft. Clark Texas. Irvin G. Lowery, 2nd Class Seaman 16th Reg. 21st Bn., Great Lakes, 111. At the present writing the whereabouts of Brother Lionel H. Newsom is unknown, but he may be reached by writing to his home, 3735 Page Boulevard, St. Louis, Missouri and Brother James Tolbert may be reached by writing to his home, 573 W . Myrtle St., Youngstown, Ohio—both of these brothers are in the army. W e hope that you won't forget to include a card or letter to your brothers who are in the armed forces and we certainly are going to remember ours. Incidentally, Kappa chapter would appreciate it if other chapters would list the whereabouts of some of their members who are in the armed forces. There is a touch of sadness in the hearts of many of us over the death of Brother Lt. Sidney P. Brooks (the story is found elsewhere in this issue.) T h e recent neophyte brothers of K a p pa chapter are the following: Win, J. H a r t , Darius Worsham, James Tolbert, and Paul V. Howard. W e welcome back into our midst the brothers, James A. Thomas and Ernest Leroy Savory, both having received injuries while in camp and are now honorably discharged. We also welcome brother Floyd Jones from Alpha Upsilon, who is stationed on the campus in the A S T P . Finally, we wish to remember our
little brothers—the Sphinxmen—who are in the armed forces. They a r e : Japhet T. Lewis, William W . Lewis, and Robert Dews—In E u r o p e ; John I laggard, Jefferson Barracks, Missouri ; Maurice Leroy Brown, Ft. Riley, K a n s a s ; Stanley Dixon, New River, North Carolina; Talmadge Matlock, Great Lakes, Illinois; James Sanders, Sheppard Field, T e x a s ; and Ray Brown in Europe. The new officers of the chapter are the following: James K. Anthony, president; Austin Allen, vice-president; Frederic Johnson, secretary and acting treasurer; and Ralph Pearson, dean of pledges. We are proud to have affiliated with us Brother Richard Dunn, of Cincinnati and of Xi chapter; also Brother Ralph Pyrtle, of Xenia, Ohio and of Xi chapter. W e extend a cordial welcome to these brothers. And until the next issue, we shall hold aloft the noble aims and ideals of Alpha Phi Alpha. , Fraternally, J A M E S K. A N T H O N Y .
* TAU LAMBDA Nashville, Tennessee Brothers in Alpha Phi Alpha, Greetings : Nashville, Tenn. After a short vacation due to the absence of many of the brothers from the city, Tail Lambda held its first regular monthly meeting Tuesday night, November '), at the home of Brother Calvin McKissack. The entire membership, with few exceptions, was present, along with some visiting brothers, transients and newcomers in .mi' community, who came to enjoy the Alpha evening, Following a brief period of conversations, Brother C. II. Webster, president of Tau Lambda, called the meeting to order. Brother Rev. S. S. Morris, Jr., pastor of the local St. Paul A. M. E. Church, offered the opening prayer. Unfinished and new business, together with the election of officers and the collection of dues for the new fiscal year, made it necessary that the group immediately address itself to the task of clearing the chapter slate. To this end, communications and reports from the various committees were heard, each being discussed and acted upon as briefly as possible. An application that had rested in the hands of the membership committee a little too long, was brought forward and disposed of in record time. At this point Brother President ask-
Page 21 ed Brother Ferguson, chairman of the nominating committee, to take the chair and conduct the election. Brother Ferguson did so in mannerism and style truly his own. In fact the synchronized blitzkrieg he employed would have done honor to any unit at the war front. The entire roste- of old officers was re-elected by a unanimous vote, alter wh.'ch Brother Ferguson then most graciously returned the chair to Brother Webster. Resuming r.!u president's chair. Brother Webster recognized Brother Moses McKissack, Jr.. co-host to the meeting with his uncle, Calvin. In chiseled words and crisp phrasing Brother Moses invited the group to take seats at the table in the dining room where stood Mrs. McKissack, tlie wife of Brother Calvin, a relative and friend. A delicious and tasty menu, emphasizing culinary art and group feeding was served. Obviously the responsibility rested upon Mrs. McKissack, whose manners perfectly disciplined were silhoueted in bold relief in her unique pleasantry and personality as she moved to and fro among the brethren, with an ease and poise well blended to the comfort and loveliness of her home. These environments and the attendant atmosphere, rich in quality, singular in its over-all personality, and the fraternal spirit, combined thoughts and objectives into one great unit of strength that found no better outlet for expression than in the words and lyric of the National Alpha Hymn. All sang it in subdued melody and form common only to Alpha men. It was a fitting tribute and a glorious climax that left a lingering fragrance of rejuvenated devotion among the local brotherhood of T a u Lambda. Among the visiting brethren present and welcomed, each of whom made a short talk, was Brother Dr. George W. Meadors, Jr., manager of the P e o ple's Drug S t o r e ; Brothers R. A. W i l son and Louis R. Holland, new faculty members of A. and I. State College, Brcther James A. Gibbs, of Fisk University; and Brother Buford L. Miller, general managing promoter of the Supreme Liberty Life Insurance Company, Chicago. Although confronted with virtually the same complex as other Alpha chapters throughout the country, due to the impact and domestic complications of the war, T a u Lambda is moving forward with the traditional sense of optimism based upon the initiates of the parent body
Page 22 invigorated by its officials whose courage, preparedness and experiences fashion them into the changing pattern of universal thought and make them important cogs in the world struggle for a lasting peace. The fiscal year ahead is but the arena for greater conquests and victories with challenges from all angles, these will be met and overcome through coordinated efforts and the versatile acme strength of her membership. T a n Lambda moves on. B R O T H E R DR. I. L. M O O R E , Associate Editor.
Brother in 99th Fighter Squadron Makes Supreme Sacrifice Technical Sergeant James A. Jackson, one of the first Atlanta youths to volunteer for the United States Air Corps, passed while he was being transferred to Lawson General H o s pital from the combat area in North Africa. H e was trained at Chanute Field, 111., and the Tuskegee Army Flying School, before going to North Africa as a member of the 99th Fighter Squadron. Sgt. Jackson as a student, a citizen, and as a brother merited the respect of all who knew him. l i e had an enviable scholastic record. l i e was awarded a loving cup at the David T. Howard Elementary and Junior High School for being the best all-round student. At Morehouse College he maintained this reputation and p u n ed himself to be of true Alpha material and became an outstanding brother. taking an active part in the pro gram of the chapter. Impressive funeral services were attended by hundreds of Atlantans at the First Congregational Church. At Southview Cemetery, Brother Sgt. Jackson was buried with full military honors including the gun salute and taps, thus noting the end of a life of a character worthy of all that true democracy stands far. Brothers of Alpha Phi Alpha along with the friends of Atlanta and Morehouse College, deeply regret the loss of this promising young man, who gave his all for a worthy cause. Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity extends deepest sympathy to the family and loved ones ,,f Brother Jackson. BROTHERS AT KEESLER FIELD. MISSISSIPPI, GET TOGETHER Alpha
brothers now serving in the
air corps and stationed at Keesler Field, Mississippi, gathered for an "ole Alpha get-to-gether" Thursday night, November 11. Those brDthers in attendance w e r e : Charles S. Johnson, Jr., Alpha Chi, Fisk University, a native of Nashville, Tennessee, and now a W a r Training Service Trainee awaiting orders for further flight t r a i n i n g ; Clarence L. Anderson, Alpha Rho, Morehouse College, from Los Angeles, California; Robert B. Johnson, Alpha Chi, Fisk University, a resident of N a s h ville, Tennessee, and now a Volunteer Flight Trainee. Walter R. Ray, Alpha Eta, Stovve Teachers College, a pre-aviation cadet, from St. Louis, M i s s o u r i ; Sidney L. Hargrove, Beta Kappa, Langston University, a native of Langston, Okla., and a. pre-aviation c a d e t ; James L. Jones, Alpha Eta, Stowe Teachers College', a native of St. Louis, Missouri, and a pre-aviation cadet. Paul G. Lewis, Kappa, Ohio State University, a pre-aviation cadet from Cleveland, O h i o ; Maurice Hardeman, Theta, University of Chicago, a W a r Training Service Trainee of Chicago; Richard Calloway, Jr., Kappa, Ohio State University, a W a r Training Service T r a i n e e ; Lee A. Barnes, Gamma, Virginia Union University, a native of Franklin, V i r g i n i a ; Charles P. W a r ren, Alpha Mu, Northwestern University, a W a r Training Service Trainee of Chicago and a former president of Alpha M u ; W a l t e r A. Armwood, Jr., Upsilon Lambda, Jacksonville, Florida, a W a r Training Service Trainee of Greenwood, South Carolina. Barney E. Rutledgc, Alpha Rho, Morehouse College, a pre-aviation cadel I ""ii La Grange, Georgia, who was elected acting chairman of the Alpha group at Keesler Field; Charles L. Smith, Alpha Eta, Stowe Teachers College, a pre-aviation cadet from St. Louis. M i s s o u r i ; George T. Larkin, X I , Wilberforce University, a native of Raleigh, North Carolina, and your ole scribe W . Elbert Johnston, Jr., Beta Delta and Eta, South Carolina State and N e w York University, from Charleston, South Carolina. Other known brothers stationed at Keesler Field who were not able to attend the "get-together" because of "Uncle Sam's" obligations a r e : Wheeler Campbell, Beta Gamma. Virginia State. a W a r Training Service Trainee awaiting orders to report for further flight t r a i n i n g ; William Jones, Kappa, Ohio State University; Sgt. Albert Whatley, Alpha Rho, Morehouse, who is in charge of the morning reports of the
December, 1943 1170th Training Group; Sgt. Richard Pride, Beta Delta, South Carolina State College, who hails from Rock Hill, South Carolina, and who is supply sergeant at the 1169th Training Group. Charles Manning, Beta Delta, South Carolina State College; Burl Scott, Gamma, Virginia Union University; George Rice, Alpha Rho, Morehouse; Samuel Harper, Alpha Rho, Morehouse; W. Tillm an, Gamma, Virginia U n i o n ; Humphrey J. Patton, Jr., Beta, H o w ard University, a pre-aviation cadet from Detroit, Michigan ; Paul VV. Scott, Mu, University of Minnesota, a preaviation cadet from Washington, D. C.; Wendell Freeland, Beta, H o w a r d University, a Volunteer Flight Trainee from Baltimore, M a r y l a n d ; and Otis A. Rousseau, Beta Epsilon, A. and T. College, Greensboro, North Carolina, Sixteen chapters are represented at Keesler Field. All brothers present became financial. Brother Charles S. Johnson was a p pointed "temporary secretary" to send in the Grand T a x to Brother Joseph H. B. Evans. However, the highlight of the "get-together" was the singing of o u r national hymn. Need I comment further here ? This group of brothers can think of no better way of keeping up morale than by the fellowship of brothers in the' Bond of Alpha Phi Alpha while in /he Armed Forces. How about it brothers everywhere serving "Uncle Sam," LET'S GET T O G E T H E R ! W. E L B E R T J O H N S T O N , Jr.
U. S . C I T I Z E N S ' S E R V I C E CORPS ASK YOUR LOCAL DEFENSE COUNCIL
December, 1943 a
Whether on Land, Sea, Under Ground, Sea, I Will Fight" Robert E. Polk Leaves S. S. Philadelphia for Another
Former Sunday School Pupil of the Mt. Olive Baptist Church Writes Alpha Brother Boyd. January 7, 194-1â€”Dear Dr. Boyd: Happy New Year greetings to you and y o u r s ! May heaven attend all of your wishes and crown your every effort with overwhelming success. I also scud these greetings to Mt. Olive and the plant, also all Nashville. I had hoped to bring these greetings to you in person, but so much has transpired in the last few weeks that may be important enough to change the destiny
of my humble life.
1 am happy in the
belief that it is all for the best After more than two years on the illustrious Philadelphia, a ship which carried the prayers of so many of my shipmates and these prayers were comingled with the prayers of my loved ones, and which carried us on our many missions. We accomplished every task and on many occasions did more than what was required of us, with only a slight cost in human lives. So if you pardon me, I would like to give some of the highlights of my life aboard her, for I feel it is yours to know, out of the deep appreciation for your prayers and encouraging letters that meant so much to me. Late in the fall of 1941, just as she was putting on her war paint I came aboard her. After a month of getting the feel of the ship we were made to know the full import of our work by the news of P e a r l Harbor. Then many dangerous crossings, each packed with enough drama to a mighty screen production; then a year of important convoy duty; then we began heavy drills for a battle of a different nature, enlarging the calibre of our guns. The invasion of North Africa shows the r e sults of this extensive training. Everyone was a precision machine in his duties, and words of praise from all the Allied command for each of us were joyously received. This was nobly executed at a minimum cost of life, even to our enemy. This shows that ours is the better fight. W e are not savages to kill for the thrill of killing, but only your sons giving again to the world the flower of peace and brotherhood. Then on the most dangerous and longest mission of all, where I say, your prayers were needed on an overtime basis. On this mission the P h i l a -
delphia both in the foreign and national presses earned the title of "The Gallopin' Ghost" of the Sicilian coast, because of all of Goering's planes tried to find her and couldn't. Then over on the Italian coast she was called "The Fearless Philly", for in lending fire power she would come out and under a hail of bombs, and lire at her objectives regardless of exposing herself to the enemy. Every man aboard her in this campaign has two letters from Genera] Patton and General Eisenhower; these are meritorious lettersâ€”I am very proud of mine. I told you long ago any honoi con-
ferred upon me for any part I shall play in this conflict. 1 would give the honor to whom it is due. That is, to those who were kind enough to give me tlie advantage of their time, talent, and sent me over the highway of life with the principle of "Putting First Things First." So these honors a n yours who have guided me. Soon I will come ashore for a change of duty. I can't say for how long. Yes, 1 will miss the ship and the shipmates. 1 can't say I will be an aviator just yet. But on land, on sea, under ground, under sea, in the air or stratosphere. 1 will praise Him from whom all
Your hoy, ROBERT
I'.. 0 . o . S. 1'. 17 Naval Air
Norfolk, \ a.
A True Spirit of Americanism
R E U B E N 1 A L L E N , III, the son of Reuben Allen, Jr., a member of the Alpha Fraternity, shown purchasing a Twenty-five Dollar W a r Bond from the Rev. Henry .Allen Boyd, a member of the Chi chapter of the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, in Nashville, who, by the way, is President of the oldest Negro Bank in the United States. Reuben Allen, 111 saved his pennies, nickles and dimes, and then demanded of his father and mother that they take him to the bank, presided over by an Alpha brother, so that he could purchase this bond and hack the attack. l i e then wanted his picture made, so that he could send it to his uncle, who is in the armed forces of the nation. This is the spirit of Alphadom. It goes right on through from generation to generation, and there will he thousands of other young Alphas when they reach the age where the) can join the organization, who will catch the same spirit. W E W I L L BACK T H E A T T A C K l
Omega Chapter Claims Brother Dr. Robert Nathaniel Dett E a r l y in October, we received the sad news of the passing of Brother Dr. Robert Nathaniel D e t t l i e died at the age of sixtj in Battle Creek. M ichigan. The eminent pianist-composer, teacher and conductor was horn at Drummondsville, Ontario, Canada, October, 1882, He held the degree of Bachelor of Music from Oberltn Conservatory of Music: the Master of Music from the Eastman School ,,f Music of the University of Rochester, The degree of Doctor nf Music was conferred upon him by I Inward University, lie was
truly a student of music, availing himself of every opportunity to improve his wide and varied knowledge of music. As a teacher, he headed the musical department at Lane College, Jackson, IVnn., and Lincoln Institute, Jefferson, Missouri. At Hampton Institute he trained the renowned choir which pleased large audiences through ail tile United States and Europe. It was in this group of singers thai he discovered the now famous Dorothy Maynor. After leaving Hampton Institute. a place where he made one of ln's greatest contributions, he next served Bennett College in Greensboro, North Carolina, where he organized and trained another famous choir. For his outstanding musical achievements, he was awarded the Bowdoin
December, 1943 I'rize, the Francis Boot Prize and the Harmon First Award. Brother Dett's death came at a most inopportune time as he was doing chorus work with the U S O and was rendering a splendid ami most useful service to the men in the Armed Forces, since music is one of the greatest factors in maintaining morale among soldiers or fighting men. To students, especially those in music, the life and work of Brother Dett should prove to be inspiring. The passing of Brother Robert N a thaniel Dett takes from our ranks a brother who has been in truth an Alpha man.â€”first of all, servant of all. transcending all. We mourn with his relatives and friends the loss of this great American.
"BACK THE ATTACK! INVEST IN FOURTH WAR LOAN" IS ALSO ALPHA PHI ALPHA SLOGAN ' A Ticket Back Home From the Five Continents, Or Wherever American Boys Are Fighting Is Assured by Alpha Men and Their Families," Say the Leaders of This Fraternity from Every State in the Union
Members of the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, whether they are in colleges or in graduate chapters, are determined to put every ounce of energy that they hive, and all of their lininces that they can pet together in the purchase of bonds during this Fourth W a r Loan sponsored by the l'i ited States Treasury. This is t i e spirit , f Alphadom throughout the nation. An ocular demonstration of this was made recently in Nashville when Reuben Allen. 111. son of Reuben Allen, Jr.. caught the spirit of his father and mother, and observed the activities of Alpha men here in their support of these war loan drives- The same spirit that actuated the parents is going down to the other generations. Members of the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity are red-blooded Americans. They are visualizing now what many p l a n t e r s of the postwar world are striving for. Alpha men want freedom of speech, freedom of opportunity, freedom of religion, freedom From want and hunger. They not only want four freedoms but they want all of the freedoms. They want to enjoy "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." They want every protection guaranteed to them by the Constitution. They know that this is the land of the free and the home of the brave. They know that they are a part of this great country; they know that their parents, grandparents, and great grandparents nave made a definite contribution. They learned in early youth, even in the public schools, that from the time the Mayflower landed at Plymouth Rock their foreparents started to help clear the forests, bridge the streams, till the soil to make America what it is today. Alpha men know that at Bunker Hill, on the Boston Commons, along with the Battle
of Quebec, and in all of the wars, the parents of Alpha men played their part. They still are making an ocular demonstration of what American citizenship is. They are backing the attack. Whether an Alpha is in college, or president of an educational institution; whether he is in the business, professional, religious, scientific, agricultural, mechanical, or any other walk of life, he feels that urge and knows the spirit of Alphadom. They have not orlv rolled up their sleeves, but they have geared themselves to put over not only this war loan but whatever it takes to win the freedom and the victory. They are ready, willing ami are already doing it. The Alpha fraternity looks with pardonable pride to its own achievements. Members of this fraternity stand in the forefront of activities in this nation. Thev can boast of some of the most learned. well-educated, experienced men in public life. They are authors, writers, educators, preachers, bankers, scientists, mechanics, artisans of every grade and s h a d e ; but they are still Alphas. This issue of Sphinx Magazine, the official organ of the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, is dedicating this space to the Fourth W a r Loan Drive, in backing the attack, in urging people everywhere to lend their money, because the men "over there" are giving their lives They are going to complete the job that has already been started. Alpha men in India, in the Islands of the Sea, in Africa, in Europe, in England, and all of the battle fronts, as well as those in America in the training camps, or in Canada, are backing the attack, and will continue to do so on this road to victory until peace is won, and in the words of our President and members of allied nations, "until unconditional surrender is achieved."
R O S T E R—C o n t i n u e d
57. BETA XI—LeMoyne College, Memphis, Term.; President, James A. Barber, 1597 Davis St.; Cor. Secretary, Carl C. Poston; 1829 Kerr Street. 58. BETA OMICRON—Tennessee State College, Nashville, Tenn.; President, Edward W. Reed; Secretary, Jesse W. Miller, Tennessee State College. 69. BETA PI—Lane College, Jackson, Tennessee; President, LeRoy Suttles; Secretary, William Longdon. 60. BETA RHO—Shaw University, Raleigh, N. O.I President, Claud Whltaker, Jr.; Secretary, Mllford Taylor, Shaw University. 61. BETA SIGMA—Southern University, Scotlandville, La.; President, Huel D. Perkins; Secretary, James L. Robinson, Southern University. 62. BETA TAU—Xavler, New Orleans, La.; President, J o h n Holton, 7249 Dixon Street; Secretary, Joseph Boyer, 1126 North Roberson.
CHAPTER R O S T E R - G r a d ™ t e chapter.
ALPHA LAMBDA—Louisville, Kentucky; President C. Milton Young, 818 S. 6th Street; Secretary, Louis J. Harper, 1758
BETA LAMBDA—Greater Kansas City, Mo.-Kas.; President Elmer Jackson, 359 Greely, Kansas City, Kas.; Secretary James A. Jeffress, 1824 Paseo, Kansas City, Mo. GAMMA LAMBDA—Detroit, Michigan; President, Dr Walter Harmon, 210 E. Davidson; Secretary, Grover D. Lange, 6 607 Adams Avenue, E. DELTA LAMBDA—Baltimore, Md.; President, James H. M ur , ?, n £' 8 2 i N - C a r e y : Secretary, Elson W. Higglnbotham, 304 Robert Street. EPSILON LAMBDA—St. Louis, Missouri; President, Arnold ? o , W a , l k e r . ! , 3 0 1 7 Delmar Street; Secretary. Dr. William Smiley, 4204 W. Cote Brilliante. ZETA LAMBDA—Newport News, Va.; President T Roger Thompson, 641 Hampton Avenue; Secretary, Fernando Brown, 2411 Jefferson Ave. THETA LAMBDA—Dayton, Ohio; President, Lloyd G. Phillips °}"^Randolph Street; Secretary, Robert H. Snow, 2404
.->„ 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108
•MCC.i3.ll S t ,
- ETA LAMBDA—Atlanta, Georgia; President, A. G. Moran, 673 Greensferry Avenue; Secretary, Leroy Carter, University Homes, Fair Street, Southwest. ' 109. IOTA LAMBDA—Indianapolis, Ind.; President, Arnold C Banister Jr. Senate Avenue Branch YMCA; Secretary. John Mansfield. 724 Blake Street. No. 114 110. KAPPA LAMBDA—Greensboro, N. C ; President, Vance H ? h „ av ;l s ' 1 0 0 1 B e n b o w Road; Secretary, Frederic A. Jackson, 427 Bennett Street. 111. MU LAMBDA—Washington. D. C ; President, George W r„ e i e r l?, n , T 6 0 , 4 D - Street, N. W.; Secretary, G. Frederick Stanton, 611 Irving Street, N. W. 112. NU LAMBDA—Virginia State College, Etterlck, Virginia; President, Harry V,'. Roberts; Secretary, Charles J. Wartmsn, Jr. 113 - ^ L Q M B P A ~ £ Sn tlr ce ae S ° ' m - President, Dr. E. K. McDonald. t: Calumet A Secretary, Alton M. Childs, II, 3653 114. OMICRON LAMBDA—Birmingham, Alabama; President, H. Lovelle Mosely, 1204 First Court, W.; Secretary, Charles Shepard, 13-10th Avenue. Phone: 6-8429 115 - "LAMBDA—Little Rock, Ark.; President, Atty. J. R. Booker. lift m n r r O i \ S » l £ ' ? e t : , , S i 0 r , e t a r y ' J - D - S c o t t ' 1 1 1 5 W e s t 1 5 t Q St. 116. RHO LAMBDA—Buffalo, N. Y.; President, Robert W. Ed,-,„ ^^?, S X 3 T 10 P u r d y : Secretary, H. Daniel Long, 131 Spruce. 117. SIGMA LAMBDA—New Orfeans, La., President. Benson M. Boutte 2536 S. Galvez St.; Secretary, Walter E. Mortal, 1433 l o u r o street. 118. TAU LAMBDA—Nashville, Tennnessee; President C H Alfr6d 2W0eirtcTifto°n0°RoVad!a " " ^ *"*"*"• °" 6 a l l ° ™ y 119. UPSILON CHAPTER—Jacksonville, Fla.; President, George W. Cabaniss, 1823 Louisiana Street: Secretary M B CopF page, 105 E. Union Street. " 120. PHI LAMBDA—Raleigh, N. C ; President, Walker H. Quarles Jr.. Shaw University; Secretary, R. Herndon Toole, 1005 S. jrerson street, 121S F l LAMBDA—Raleigh, N. C ; President, Raymond O. T T ^ , . ^ S ? ? ; S ,f. c £ eta , ry - c l a r e n c e Harvey Mills, Sr., Wllberforce University, Wllberforce, Ohio. •£•! LAMBDA—Chattanooga, Tennessee; President. L. L.
430V,n,E. g n ^ S t a S t 123.
63. BETA UPSILON—State Teachers College, Montgomery, Alabama; President, Lindsay Fields; Secretary, William Kim ber. 64. BETA PHI—Dillard University, New Orleans, La.; President, Emile L. Melne, Jr., 1449 N. Claiborne; Secretary, Lllonel A Desborders, 1938 industry. 65. BETA CHI—Philander Smith College, Little Rock, Arkansas; President, Tullis E. V. Freeman; Secretary, Theadore Walters. 66. BETA PSI CHAPTER—Oxford, Cambridge, London Universities, London, England; President, Dr. C. B. Clarke, Belfleld House, New Barnet, England; Secretary, N. A. Fadlpe, 48 Calthorpe Street, London. England 67. GAMMA ALPHA—Texas College, Tyler, Texas; President, Travis L. Carr, II; Secretary, Thomas Quails, Texas College. 68. GAMMA BETA—North Carolina College, Durham, N. C ; President, J. E. Chaplin; Secretary, M. W. Akins, North Carolina College.
ALPHA ALPHA LAMBDA—Newark, N. J.; President. Lawrence Willette, 137 Stevens Street, Belleville, N. J.; Secre„ . ^ r y i , A r t S u r Williams, 136 Lincoln, Montclair, N. J. 124. ALPHA BETA LAMBDA—Lexington. Ky.; President F L. DeWeese 2 St N ' U p p e r S t - S e c t a r y , D r - H. A. Merchants, 126i 125. ALPHA GAMMA LAMBDA—New York, N. Y.; President. Frank A. Walker, 450 St. Nicholas Avenue; Secretary Ves, „ ter G. Fowlkes, 2816 Eighth Avenue. 126. ALPHA DELTA LAMBDA—Memphis, Tenn.; President, Lewis ? = o S ^ ! n g l e r ' 3901 /2 B e a l e A v e - Secretary, Walter P. Guy, Jr., 353 Simpson. 127. ALPHA EPSILON LAMBDA—Jackson, Miss., Pres., Everett R. Lawrence, Tpugaloo College, Tougaloo, Miss.; Sec. Alan T. ,„„ Busby. Box 176,. Alcorn, Miss. 128. ALPHA ZETA LAMBDA—Bluefield. W. Va.; President, Dr Bluefleid H o w a r d ; Secretary, Edward W. Browne. 129 A ' S A i ? S ^ ^ M B D A r " I l o u s t o n ' T e x a s : President, Dr. J. W. P ^ S , D 4 1 ? Y " W*™^Houston. Texas: Secretary, Lee Per. „ kins, Prairie View, Texas. 130. ALPHA THETA LAMBDA—Atlantic City, N. J.; President. Ferdinand C. Newton, 217 N. Jersey Avenue; Secretary, Ar,o, Y i ^ A H a m r n , 124 N. New York Avenue. 131. ALPHA IOTA LAMBDA—Charleston, West Va.; President, Leonard Barnett, London, West Va.; Secretary, Andrew H. n * ? ™ V y ^ A 2 ! ? , . B J a d f o r d s t - Charleston, West Va. ^?££ ? A P . ? A LAMBDA—Roanoke. Virginia; President. Dr. George A. Moore, 106 Wells Avenue, K. W.; Secretary Dr y> . « L T S r P o w n l n S ^ 804 7th Street. 133. ALPHA MU LAMBDA—Knoxville, Tennessee; President. N 123 E ol i n^ls,OIh - v l n e Avenue; Secretary, M. D. iw. fr e 2«»' ? i 3 4 E V l n e A v e - Knoxville, Tennessee. 134. ALPHA e rNU LAMBDA—Tuskegee Institute, Ala.; President ioc » T V , ; , r b l S n y : Secretary. Harry J. R o m a . 135. ALPHA XI LAMBDA—Toledo, Ohio; President. Leo V. English, 614 Tecumseh St., Secretary, Charles Peoples 858 Avondale Avenue.
ALPHA OMICRON LAMBDA—Pittsburgh, Pa.; President Dr Robert C. Bolden, 3539 Butler Street; Secretary Wilbur C Douglass, 518 Fourth Ave. 137. ALPHA PI LAMBDA—Winston-Salem, North Carolina; President, J. Monroe Walker, Jr.; 800 Cameron Ave.; Secretary, Delbert H. Banks, 614 W. 24 1-2 St. 138. ALPHA RHO LAMBDA—Columbus. Ohio; President A DeV Crosby, 265 N. 22nd Street; Secretary, Begagy T. Benton 246 Clarendon Ave. 139. ALPHA SIGMA LAMBDA—Dallas, Texas; President H. 1. Holland, 2913 Thomas Avenue, Secretary, S. W. Hudson Jr.. 5211 Keating Ave. 140. ALPHA TAU LAMBDA—Tulsa, Oklahoma; President Dr R C. Bryant, 360 N. Frankfort Place; Secretary, J Tyler Smith, 124 N. Greenwood Street. 141. ALPHA UPSILON LAMBDA—Montgomery, Alabama; President, C. T. Simpson; Secretary, J. M. Reynolds, State Teachers College. 142. ALPHA PHI LAMBDA—Norfolk, Virginia; President, Joseph L. Jones, Currituck County Training School, Snowden N. C.; Secretary, Thomas W. Young, 721 Chapel Street, Norfolk, Virginia. 143. ALPHA CHI LAMBDA—Augusta, Georgia; President. L D f, e «o y V,^?, 3 Mllledgeville Road; Secretary, John M. Tutt, 1108 Phillips Street. 144££*"%?• £ S I LAMBDA—Columbia, S. C ; President, Dr. Robert W. Mance, 1429 Pine Street; Secretary. Frederick H Dedmond, Allen University. d i e t a r y , rreaericic H. 145
E A B - R l , i ^ A i5,7LyA M ? . A 7 J e r s e J C l t y ' N - •*•• President John B. Fiazier, 2 J e w e t t Avenue, Jersey City, N. J.; Secretary, D a nd Hendersou ,„* >™ . T,£^ - ^ Clinton Street, N. E., Orange N J 146 ' H a £ h ^ t t J & P ^ t W 1 - F l o r i d a : President g R o b e r t Haith, Jr., 1025 N. W. 2nd Avenue; Secretary Leo A LLurau. 6306 Northwest 14th Avenue. ^ ' ° ' jUCas147. BETA GAMMA LAMBDA—Richmond, Va.; President John W. Riley. Virginia Union University; Secretary, Curtis Crocker, 214 E. Clay Street. ^mw» 148 ' ™ ! A » D f L£A LAMBDA-Daytona Beach. Fla.. President. Dr garat,l1eeyS,J624G2nednAv^ ° B ° X 1789 = S°Ciet^ ' H' E r n e " 149. BETA EPSILON LAMBDA—Wewoka, Oklahoma- President I B o l e y ^ O k T a l i o m a ^ ^ 3 ' ° k l a h o m a = S e c r e t a r T L^G* AsMey." 150. BETA ZETA LAMBDA—Jefferson City. Missouri; President, H. Hadley Hartshorn, Lincoln University, Jefferson Citv MisJ ^ f r e r s o t ^ ^ i u r T 3 1 1 ^ * ™b0t- L l n C O l D ™ v e r s l t y . 151. BETA ETA LAMBDA—Oklahoma City, Oklahoma- President Lee Edward Lewis, 918 N, E. 6th Street; Secretary-William ow W. Johnson, 2506 N. E. 15th Street " y . ™""»m 162. BETA N. C ; President Jame» T a THETA Io 2 1 0LAMBDA—Durham, 6 T-u X i' Fiyetteville Street; Secretaryy ,(Acting) AClm John E. Payne, 1204 Fayettevllle Street. *>' 153. BETA IOTA LAMBDA-Baton Rouge. La.; President, Russell W. Smith Southern University, Scotlandville, La.; Secretary ,*A o ^ S I 1 1 ^ 1 - Arnpey. Southern University, Scotlandville La 154. BETA KAPPA LAMBDA-Charleston, S. C ; President Dr M. D ^ l ^ C o m i n g ^ r e e t 8 ' 1 6 6 ^ 8 e c l e i ^ ' E - D - Burroughs. 155. BETA MU LAMBDA—Salisbury, Statesvllle, N. C ; President Dr. H. A. p a y , 225% E. Fisher Street, Sa isbury N C •' Secretary, Rev. W. Q. Welch, 624 W. Monroe St. lallVburV; 156. BETA NU LAMBDA—Charlotte, N C : President Secretary, Clinton L. Blake, 423 E 1stT St; Financial Eter»
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Vlrlfnfa 7 ' A " R ' W M e ' Jt" 4 ° 9 N " A u g u s t a S ^ T ' s Y a u t t GAMMA BETA LAMBDA—Kentucky State College Frankfort dent A W ftVaie - - W r l g h t ; 8 e c r e W Al ColffrS, Ke?tu?ky 169 GAMMA GAMMA LAMBDA—Greenville, S. C ; President R. W. Anderson, 125 Fall St., Office No. 5; Secretary Jlleg R Edwards, Jr.. 107 Wardlaw St. <.rcw»ry, J u e s tt.
V. S. ARMY DIVISIONAL INSIGNIA
The Sphinx Magazine 345 4th Ave., N., Nashville 3, -:-
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Study This Army Collar Insigna and Improve Your Military I.Q. 7rt»
ADJUTANT OtNtUALa DCPABTMtNT
AIDS TO LI CUT GENCOAL
AIDS TO MAJ. OCNOiAL
TO eoio. oeneom.
AIR. awes AHO AVIATION CAOtTJ
®@ i O 0 # 0^® tf 30th
H® rtsPecTOt aeNtBAJs DtfABJMeNT
.juDae ADVOCATC GCNViAL'S DCPT
CDWO NATIONAL GUARD BUOEAU
orr/ctas NOTMCMDeas OTA OBANCN
us. muTAoy ACAOeMf
In w a r t i m e there is little excuse for ignorance of t h e branch of the military service to which a soldier belongs. Note the lapel buttons of the enlisted man and the insignia on an officer's collar. Then study the symbols shown above. It is good memory exercise. Next time you see him you'll know whether he fights with t h e i n f a n t r y , builds bridges with the corps of engineers or is an officer on t h e general staff.
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