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Nineteenth Annual Convention, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Richmond, Virginia, December 27-31, 1926.

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EXECUTIVE COUNCIL * President, Raymond W . Cannon, 3400 Oakland Avenue, Minneapolis, Minn. First Vice-President, James W . McGregor, 1759 W . 35th Street, Los Angeles, Calif. Second Vice-President, Peyton F . Anderson, 61 W. 130th Street, New York City. Third Vice-President, Charles W . Greene, 315 Fraser Street, Atlanta, Ga. Fourth Vice-President, Harley S. Manuel, 1257 E . Long Street, Columbus, Ohio.

Secretary, Jes. H. B. Evans, 285 Beckwith Street, Atlanta, Ga.

Treasurer, Pcrcival R. Piper, 3807 Kirby Ave. W. Detroit, Mich. Editor, IIINX. Oscar C. Brown. :>:!00 Prairie Av< 111. Mason W. Fields, 4528 Grand Boulevard, Chicago, 111. James H. Hilburn, 1944 Druid Hill Ave., Baltimore, Md. B. Andrew Rose, 402 S. Bank Stret I Ohio. Chapters. ^ ^ ^ A L P H A C H A P T E R , Cornell University, Ithaca, P I C H A P T E R , Case School of Applied Science and N . Y. ^^^^^B Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. P r e s i d e n t , J o s e p h H o u c h i n s P . O . B o x 441 President, Norman L. McGhec, 8370 li. 85th Street. S e c r e t a r y , W . M. B a n k s , P . O . B o x 441, Cor. Secy., George E. Cohran, 2287 E. I08d Street. Ithaca, N . Y . R H O C H A P T E R , Temple University and PhilaB E T A C H A P T E R , Howard University, Washington, delphia College of Pharmacy, Philadelphia, Pa. D . C. President, W . F . Jerrick, 1543 Christian Street. P r e s i d e n t , T h e o d o r e P e r c i v a l , 2447 G e o r g i a A r e Secretary, Kirksey L. Curd, 648 N . 13th Street. nue, N . W . S I G M A C H A P T E R , Boston University and MassaCor. S e c , F . Lee Terry, 2447 Georgia Ave. N . W . chusetts I n s t i t u t e of Technology, Boston, Mass. G A M M A C H A P T E R , Virginia Union University, President, James C. Evans, 522 Newbury Street. Richmond, Va. Secretary, David E. Lane, 80 Rockland Street. T A U C H A P T E R , University of Illinois, Champaign President, Wiley A. Hall, 732 North Fifth Street. Illinois. Cor. Secy., Chester L. Washington, Virginia Union President, Nathaniel W. Hudson, 602 E. Clark University. Street, Champaign, 111. D E L T A C H A P T E R , Montreal, Canada (Inactive). Secretary, R. Robinson, 602 E. Clark Street. E P S I L O N C H A P T E R , University of Michigan, Ann UPSILON CHAPTER, University of Kansas Arbor, Michigan. Lawrence, Kans. President, William L. Postels, 1103 E. Huron St. President, Doxey A. Wilkerson, 1101 Mississippi Cor. S e c , Lloyd E. Alexander, 1103 E. Huron St. Street. Z E T A C H A P T E R , Yale University, New Haven, Secretary, John Bell, 1101 Mississippi Street. Conn. P H I C H A P T E R , Ohio University, Athens, Ohio. President, J. M. Ross, 445 Orchard Street. President, Lawrence V. Jordan, 47 Franklin Avenue. Secretary, James Alan Carew, 68 Dixwell Avenue. Secretary, Herman I. Holland, 47 Franklin Avenue. E T A C H A P T E R , New York City College, Columbia C H I C H A P T E R , Meharry Medical College (Fisk and New York Universities, New York City. University), Nashville, Tenn. President, Ralph Mizelle, 203 W . 138th Street. President, M. ] . Meharry Medical College. Secretary, Claude Ferebee, 203 W . 138th Street. Secretary, A. C. Fentress, Meharry Medical College. T H E T A C H A P T E R , University of Chicago, UniverP S I C H A P T E R , University of Pennsylvania, Philasity of Illinois and Northwestern University, Chidelphia, Pa. cago, 111. President, William H . Warrick, 31 Harvey Street, President, Bindley C. Cyrus, 3616 State Street. Germantown, Pa. , Cor. Secy., Sumner T. Bohee, 6412 Rhodes Ave. Secretary, James H. Atkins, Jr., 1 N. 38th Street, Philadelphia, Pa. I O T A C H A P T E R , Syracuse University, N. Y. A L P H A A L P H A C H A P T E R , University of Cincin President, Cecil G. Cook, 302 Cedar Street. nati, Cincinnati, Ohio. Secretary, A. L. Royster, 302 Cedar Street. President, H . T. Miller, 636 West 9th Street. K A P P A C H A P T E R , Ohio State University. ColumSecretary, F. T . Layton, 636 West 9th Street. bus, Ohio. A L P H A B E T A C H A P T E R , Talladega College, Tal President, Ralph W. Finley. 202 E. Spring Street. ladga, Ala. Cor. Secy., Paul Floyd, 925 E. Rong Street. President, Arthur D. Shores. MU C H A P T E R , University of Minnesota, MinneapCor. Secy., Clarence L. Sharpe. olis, Minn. A L P H A G A M M A C H A P T E R , Providence, R. I. President, Chas. W. Washington, 2312 5th Ave. So., President, Harold S. Fleming, 307 Littlefield Hall Minneapolis, Minn. Brown University, Providence, R. I. Secretary, Chauncey I. Cooper, 606 St. Anthony Secretary, Aubrey A. Drake, 72 Meeting Street Street, St. Paul, Minn. Providence, R. I. N U C H A P T E R , Lincoln University, Lincoln, Pa. A L P H A D E L T A C H A P T E R , University of SouthPresident, Harry Cummings, Lincoln University. ern California, Los Angeles, Calif. Cor. Secy.. Donald Marshall, Lincoln University. President, Malcolm H . Patton. U06 E. Pico Street, XI C H A P T E R , Wilberforce University, WilberLos Angeles, Calif. force, Ohio. etary, Arthur E. Prince, 80S Winona Avenue, P r e s i d e n t C h a r l e s F a i r f a x , Wilberforce U n i v . Pasadena, Calif. Cor. S e c , Robt. Thomas, Wilberforce Vniv. A L P H A E P S I L O N C H A P T E R . University O M I C R O N C H A P T E R . Carnegie Institute of TechCalifornia. Berkeley, Calif. ^^_ nology and University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, President, Lloyd Isaacs, 2816 Dohr Street, Berkeley, Pa. Calif. President, Wilton W. Jackson, 823 Cherokee Street. Secretary, Wm. Griffin, 1536 Josephine Street, O a k Secretary, Arthur T. Crockett, 623 Herron Avenue. I, Calif.

© F* H I N X


Official Organ of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorporated. Published in February, April, June.October a n d December a t 16 E S t r e e t , S. E . , Washington, D.C. Subscription Price Une Dollar and Fifty Cents per Year Entered a s s e c o n d c l a s s m a t t e r December 20, 1924, a t t h e p o s t office W a s h i n g t o n , D.C. u n d e r t h e Act of M a r c h 3, 1879. Acceptance for m a i l i n g a t special r a t e of p o s t a g e p r o ided for in section 1103, A c t of O c t o b e r 3, 1917, a u t h o r i z e d F e b r u a r y 23, 1923. STAFF O F EDITORS Editor-in-Chief 'Who

OSCAR C. BROWN, 5300 P r a i r i e A v e . , C h i c a g o , 111

Is Who t"


"Editorials" "Fr,\t Fun" "History" "Art" Assistant

113th S t r e e t , T r o y , N . Y .

V I C T O R R. D A D Y 715 F l o r i d a A v e . , N . W . , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . E L M E R J . C H E E K S , 10912 Quincy H e i g h t s , C l e v e l a n d , Ohio W . L. HANSBERRY, Howard University, Washington, D. C. J A M E S V . H E R R I N G , H o w a r d U n i v e r s i t y , W a s h i n g t o n , D C.

Editor and Advertising



SYDNEY P. BROWN, 4816 P r a i r i e A v e . , C h i c a g o

APRIL 1926




The Light T h a t Aids Fallen Humanity—A C a r t o o n by C . L. M u r p h y --2 SEVENTH




EDITORIALS Fighting the Fight P u t t i n g it O v e r . Tightening U p . . General S e c r e t a r y E v a n s

|g 15 " 15 . . . . . . . 15 15





A Proclamation


H i s t o r y of t h e Movement


A W a r n i n g to Chapters


P l a n s for 1926 C a m p a i g n


Instructions to Chapters


A Letter of A p p e a l t o t h e P u b l i c


" L O S T " a Notice from t h e P r e s l d e n t . 6

ACTIVITIES OF C H A P T E R S . : Nile C l u b of New J e r s e y , E p s i l o n — B r o t h e r B o o k e r T. M c G r a w : E t a ; Theta; Nu; Xi; Omicron; R h o ; T a u ; Chi; P s i ; A l p h a - B e t a . Alpha-Delta'; A l p h a - E p s i l o n ; A l p h a - T h e t a ; AlphaKappa; Alpha-Mu; Brother David N . Crostwait, Brother Benjamin H . Crutcher, A l p h a - N u ; A l p h a - O m i c r o n ; Alpha-Sigma; Alpha-Pi; Alpha R h o ; Alpha-Lambda; Delta-Lambda; Theta-Lambda; Eta-Lambda, Nu-Lambda, Xi-Lambda FRAT



Brother R. P . Daniels W h a t About Europe? P. Daniel



By B r o t h e r R . -«

B r o t h e r J a m e s A. C o b b , a p p o i n t e d t o sueeeed J u d g e T e r r e l l *'



Aderhold-Hendrix, Tyree-Lewis, Hulett-Thompson, Murray-Cordoza McKissack-Anderson, Yerger-Simpson, Bacchus-Hand, Raid-Cowan Winston-Allen, J a c k s o n - T u t t .

O u r Emblem, T h e S p h i n x , by B r o t h e r William Leo Hansberry.


D i s c r e d i t i n g N e g r o Colleges by N a t h aniel W . H u d s o n -13





THE LIGHT That aids Fallen Humanity



T h e S p h i n x , April, 1926


SEVENTH ANNUAL "GO-TO-HIGH SCHOOL, GO-TO-COLLEGE" CAMPAIGN T H E S E V E N T H A N N U A L GO-TO-HIGH SCHOOL, GO-TO-COLLEGE CAMPAIGN, MAY 10th T O M A Y 16th, I N C L U S I V E VV HEREAS, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity recognizes that a better future for citizens of this nation is dependent upon better education of boys and girls throughout the land; and WHEREAS, The Fraternity has dedicated its cause sei 'ft "vice of mankind in deciding to extend its efforts and influence for the protection and enlightenment of our youth, and for the assurance of a better future through dissemination of knowledge to our boys and girls, thus elevating the moral, intellectual and physical standards; And, in accordance with authority vested in me by the General Constitution of our Fraternity, Now, therefore, I, Raymond W. Cannon, General President of Alpha Phi'.Alpha Fraternity, Inc., and director of the Go-To-High School, Go-To-College Campaign, do hereby designate and proclaim the week 01 May tenth to May sixteenth, inclusive, one thousand nine hundred twenty-six, for the operation of the V-vuith Annual Go-To-High School, Go-To-College Movement. Done in the city of Minneapolis, Minnesota, this seventeenth day of March, in the Year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and twenty-six. (Signed)



Genera! President, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., Director Go-To-High School, Go-To-College Campaign. ORIGIN, P U R P O S E A N D OPERATION OF T H E GO-TO-HIGH SCHOOL, GO-TO-COLLEGE CAMPAIGN In order to thoroughly understand the Go-To-High School, Go-To-College Campaign it is well to know something of the power which caused its creation. Of â&#x20AC;˘ill "l tlie organizations composed of members of our race, perhaps the college fraternity is the least understood, Greek letter fraternities became prevalent among Negro students for the same reason they were among students of other races, because they were the only mean by which certain needs could be satisfied. During the latter part of the eighteenth century the <u fraternities in existence were devoted principally to research. They were shrouded in the greatest mystery to avoid the ire of hostile faculties and severe Penalties which might be inflicted upon the individual members once it was established that one held membership in one of these organizations. As the nation F^ew, so did the fraternities. They became broader m view and larger in scope of activity. Today, institutions which once had a faculty hostile to fraternities now have members of faculties who are leading and guiding s p i r i t in fraternities. Greek letter fraternities among college men are recognized as distinct American institutions, originally "eated by Americans to satisfy the needs of Americans. Therefore, we, as Americans, must have our fraternities to satisfv those needs which only fratern 'ties can satisfv. Fraternities have become such a Ia ctor m college life that thev are now recognized as

a part of the educational institutions in most instances. Certainly they constitute a part of the student's college life. They seem inseparable from the institutions recognizing them. In 1906 seven Negro students enrolled at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, were struggling to sustain life and obtain an education. They conceived the idea that in union there was strength, and then and there banded themselves together with the added purpose of insisting upon the progress of each other, the highest possible scholarship, and to render aid to each other wherever and whenever possible and necessary. Here was Alpha Phi Alpha! Founded upon principles of service! The idea spread to other institutions of learning where there were Negro students. Various groups began to obtain charters for chapters. Each year a convention was held, always in a different place in order to extend the influence. I shall remember the Twelfth Convention of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, held in 1919, as the turning point in the history of education among Negroes in America. The delegates came from far and near. All think the same thoughts. "What can we do to help our people riser" The delegates were supercharged with an ambition to engage immediately on a large constructive program. What should it be? How should it be? What was needed, anyway? The seriousness of the situation was patent to all of the delegates.. W'hile the great question was being pondered, two young undergraduate brothers from a small, struggling but very observant chapter, came forward and presented statistics to the convention, which, among other matters, described an American city of 800,000 in population of which 30,000 were Negroes. Of this 3'),000 Negroes the classes graduating from the high schools in June. 1919, saw but six Negro girls and but one Negro boy. This was no exaggeration but was representative of a type of condition and situation prevalent along the same proportions in many cities. Alpha Phi Alpha thought. A special committee was appointed to report back to the same convention. The wheels began to turn. A few hours later the Go-To-High School, Go-To-College Campaign was created by unanimous action. Thus it was that Alpha Phi Alpha created within itself an institution which is now many times larger than itself and dedicated its cause to the service of mankind when it decided to extend its efforts and influence for the protection and enlightenment of our youth, and for the assurance of a better future by the dissemination of knowledge to our boys and girls, thus raising the moral, intellectual and physical standards of the race. ' With the invention of this agency of service the "selectiveness" and the "exclusiveness" which seems to attach to fraternities was destroyed. When we inaugurated the Go-To-High School, GoTo-College Campaign unintentionally we attracted the attention of the whole nation. Some knew its value, o'hers contented themselves by praising the motives of the fraternity and its members; some of the leaders of thought and action looked upon it with mingled curiosity and surprise, others contemplated on the audacity of the movement. We were asked by some to put aside this program for it was "contrary to ethics of college fratemalism," but we persevered with renewed vigor. Others encouraged us and we produced results.


T h e S p h i n x , A p r i l . 1926

Today, in our 7th Campaign, we find ministers preparing sermons from the Go-To-High School, Go-ToCollege Campaign, clubs and societies discussing the proposition, educators, both white and black, who first looked askance at the movement, endorsing strongly the whole plan and proposition and striving each year to cooperate and help us develop to the highest point of efficiency. A Original, unique, powerful, effective, is this Go-To High School, Go-To-College Campaign. Today practically every fraternity and sorority among Negroes of college grade has a definite program for the constructive development of the race and its opportunities. How does it operate? What are some of its methods? Whom does it affect? What are some of the results? The Director of the Campaign being charged withthe direction of the Campaign proclaims weeks "m advance the date of the Go-To-High School, Go-ToCollege Campaign. At once the machinery in sixtyseven chapters begins to move. The President of each local chapter being an associate director of the Campaign, outlines the chapter's activities in the d/ive. The undergraduate men in these chapters, even though they themselves are struggling, place what moneys they have at the disposal of the local campaign. Localities are flooded with educational and inspiring literature specially prepared by the fraternity; mass meetings are held, primary and secondary schools are visited, various forms of detail work is done, data is collected, social welfare and church organizations are visited, and they in turn help and cooperate, individual members go into small towns and villages where Negroes are in numbers of 100 or more and deliver the message. W e go to the masses, we get the ear of boys and girls and encourage them to stay in school; we urge those not in school to enter or re-enter; we insist that no one leave school, until something has been accomplished. Rural communities of the southland where education is not strongly stressed are invaded and the homes penetrated of those Negro mothers and fathers who because of their illiteracy and consequent inability to forsee are failing to give their children that which is so vitally necessary or to provide opportunity for them to obtain such. We impress them with the necessity for equipping properly their boys and girls. Then we invade those congested industrial centers in the north where Negroes have migrated in large numbers. Here we have found some children above entering-school age who have never attended school. Here we deliver the same message and use the same methods employed in the southern communities. State Campaign Managers working under the direction of the National Directors assign speakers from chapter memberships to cover the small communities in their states. Chapters/ hold essay contests in efforts to arouse enthusiasm. Winners of these contests receive scholarships, tuition, etc. The Campaign defines education, its purpose and its values both to the individual and to the race. It traces the history of education among Negroes in America and shows the progress made by both the group and the individual during the past sixty years, and in this way further impresses the need for greater effort in preparing our youth. Statistic are presented which show our exact condition. Our whole message is a plea based upon facts for our people to improve themselves and their opportunities that they may help others. W e live in a country which is first in financial, commercial and industrial development. How much are we contributing to this? Are we who are 10,000,000 strong in the spirit of this development? If not, why? We' must educate ourselves. Then we must create


Our campaign co-operates with the state when it makes for better citizenship through education. Our campaign cooperates with every Christian church in the land when it raises moral standards through education. There are hundreds of Negro boys and girls in school at the present time for whose attendance this campaign is responsible. In conclusion let me state that we are trying to stimulate the arftbition of our boys and girls to a point which will compel them to ascertain in life what is good and what is evil; what ought to be done and what ought not to be done; a knowledge of phenomena as explained by and resolved into causes and reasons, powers and laws; with an ever present unselfishness and since-e regard for their fellow men. And to these ends we ask you to help us that we may help others. RAYMOND W.


General President, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., Director Go-To-High School, Go-To-ColIet/e Campaign.





This office regrets to state that since the very inception of the Co-To-High School, Go-To-Colleg'e Campaign, seven years ago, now and then there have been chapters which did not meet the responsibility with which they were charged. This number, fortunately, has been very, very small. Yet, a chain is as strong as its weakest link. "Members all being busy" was the usual excuse. '1 his office wishes it understood that the next chapter writing in to "be excused" from holding a Campaign because of "busy members" will forthwith and immediately be submitted to the Executive Council for the consideration of said body. Inasmuch as members were not "too busy" to enter Alpha Phi Alpha, tluy should not be "too busy" to be Alpha Phi Alpha men once they are inside. (Signed)





Campaign Plans ORGANIZATION Plans this year call for a Campaign Manager for each state in the Union. Such officers are now lieim? appointed. Each shall have charge of the Campaign in bis state. He shall assist the chapters in his siaie in every manner possible. Managers shall carry the Campaign throughout the state where chapters are nil located, 'they shall ascertain where our peopM are in numbers of 100 or more in small towns, villages lural communities, as well as the cities where there are no chapters. Each chapter shall supply its Manager with a list of available speakers from its own membership to be assigned by the Manager to cover the places throughout the state mentioned above. Managers shall consider distance in their distribution and assignments in order that no undue hardshii be placed upon the chapter. Chapters arc urged to co-operate with Managers in evei y way possible. OUTLINE



Last year, by way of experiment, an outline was constructed by this office for the consideration and use of all whom we selected to speak at mass meetings, and those who covered the small communities, schools and various organizations composed of bovs and girls]

T h e S p h i n x . April, 1926 Ihe great success of this experiment warrants tlii=, nce in stating thai these will be freely supplied this year. (-Copy appears in these columns.) i hese outlines will ena! le any speaker to speak extemporaneously—if he or she j'ust has to do so—and will compel them to hold to the subject which we ask them to develop. These outlines will also preclude repetitions of speakers "floundering around" and reciting their own personal achievements as examples for young people to follow. OJ




In a movement of this nature, it is very necessary J" prepare the public mind in your vicinity. It must ' . '"' a receptive mood. We must create an interest with which to form the proper state of expectancy on I of the people to whom we intend delivernv -i the message. This will insure much better CO ion. to accomplish this, this office will again issue an " " n a t i o n to participate, in the form of a circular letl ' which will be sent to as many prominent men and women in your state as you desire. People of influence and prestige, leaders of thought and action, of >oth races, should receive these, such as were sent last >' j ar. Copy appears elsewhere in these columns.

school, the wayward, the indifferent, and those eco11 imically unfortunate who believe that because of their poverty they cannot attend school. SHOW i HEM H O W IT CAN BE D O N E . Carry the message to the rural and the farming communities where lion is not stressed strongly. d o into those congested districts of the North where our people are wont to be in great numbers; and go into the rural districts of the Southland, penetrate the homes of those Negro mothers and fathers who, because of their unfortunate illiteracy and consequent inability to foresee are failing to give their children that which is so vitally necessary. Impress them with the fact that their children must be so fitted that they will be able to cope with all conditions confronting them. H A V E T H E M K X O W T H A T T H E F U T U R E OF T H E RACE IS ABSOLUTELY D E P E N D E N T UPON Till- E D U C A T I O N O F OUR BOYS A X D GIRLS. RAYMOND W.

! , t t ' u ' these.

They will help your campaign. Two

'id a-e available.

MOTTO The future of the race is dependent upon the education of our hoys and i/irls. SLOGAN

Although more specific instructions are being sent ? ™e chapters. Brothers who are away from the er s c a t a r e able to gain sufficient from these Cnf?' s to enable them to ca-ry on the message in their communities.


'"'ir Campaign Manager will present to this office 'I tail.• "(I report ,•,,,„..-, for .- _ .the i . whole _.i__i_ slate. .._»_ u . , will ...;n also ..l... He Port on your chapter's campaign in so far as it '"lies under his observation. Your chapter shall also ^•nd one to this office. Statistics from both will be ''mpued arranged on a chart, same to be presented H i the t n p /.,, ._ i « > i i ! . ! L . :., 'he conven. . •ion, andi «shall, in addition, be usedi in ee has.. , basis of consideration of the. Cup Cup AWE Award. c



Director Go-To-High School. Go- To College Campaign. INSTRUCTIONS TO


'Vs office wishes to state that while the mass ceting i s indispensable, it does not constitute the ™*JOr part of the movement. Usually the audience • composed of people of above average intellectual nainment. Very few' of these relay the message. to t,1e m a s s t

others." CANNON.

Office of the President, April 11, 1925.


•rcforc' B°

us to help


Some ver\ good literature is being compiled for ise m the Campaign, and chapters are urged to pur'ise freely of this. If your chapter must economize ''t it do so on items other than those pertaining to the 1 ''uiipaign. ' h e Editor of the S P H I N X will advise you presently ding the literature.



ACT! '




Director Campaign.

'" i'li, office names and addresses of those per'rganizations, institutions, etc.. you would have


'*. Be* * e ear of the boys

Kirls, those ,,, school, and those who are not m


Because we believe that you are vitally interested in all that pertains to the uplift and betterment of the youth of the nation, you are given this glorious opportunity to aid and encourage boys and girls to educate themselves to the greatest possible degree that they may the better fit into the scheme of life with the greatest usefulness and reflect their attainments in their contribution to the service of mankind. Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity invites you to participate in its Sixth Annual Go-To-High School, Go-ToCollege Campaign by giving all of your aid and Operation to this movement. A local chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity in your vicinity will be conducting its part in the national campaign very soon. Please use all of your good influence to assist. Do not wait to be asked. Every year Alpha Phi Alpha designates a week in May for the Go-To-High School. Go-To-College Campaign. The purpose of the Campaign, as you know, is the uplift and betterment of race and mankind through education of our youth. It is not necessary to go into details at this time other than to state during the week, May 10th to May Kith, inclusive. lift;, three chapters of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity he United States, the majority of which are located tit most of our foremost institutions of learnin", from Yale and Harvard Universities in the east to the University of California in the west; and from th- University of Minnesota in the north to Atlanta University in the south, will conduct Campaigns, carrying and explaining the sacred message of education to millions of our loys and girls. Ministers, educators, public officials, business and professional men and women, authors and publishers. scientists and captains of industry, of every race and nationality, as well as churches, social and welfare

organizations, eagerly volunteer their support in this great movement each year. Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity represents our oldest and largest group of college men. Many of the members are themselves struggling. Even so, they arc

T h e S p h i n x , April, 1926 trying to give assistance to others. Will you help them to help others? In accepting this invitation to aid in this noble cause, your only obligation will lie in a sincere effort, a few hours of time, and helpful thoughts expressed and conveyed to others. Yours for the constructive development of our boys and girls, morally and mentally. RAYMOND W.


LOSTâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Three copies of the 1914 S P H I N X , some letters and notes.

Please return to Raymond W . Can-

non, 3400 Oakland Avenue, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

General President Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., Director Go-To-High School, Go-To-College Campaign.




T h e Sph mx April, 1926


< jfeature Section > WHAT ABOUT





Brother Robert P . Daniel has been active in Alpha Alpha ever since he crossed the mystic sands five >ears ago. He has been the assistant secretary, secrec y , and president of Gamma chapter, the manager Virginia of the Go-To-High School, Go-To-College Camp'aign, and is now the chairman of the General Corrimittee on Convention Affairs of Gamma, planmg tor the entertainment of our next general condition. Brother Daniel was graduated from the ""ginia Union University with the degree of Bacher of Arts in Education, and had the scholastic dis"ction of valedictorian of the class. His debating • Rihty won for him membership in the Delta Sigma "i national debating fraternity. Brother Daniel has ways been active in the social and religious moven t s for y o u t h H e lias been an officer in the Boys' department, Richmond Y. M. C. A., the B. Y. P. U. ; °uncil °f Richmond, and various literary clubs. He ti t A t h e a s s i s t a » t to the clerk of the Ebeliezer Bap>st Uiurch of Richmond. Virginia. Two years ago was a member of the College Summer Service ^ . " P " ' New York City, and on the staff of the cet Br nip i a " c h of the Y. M. C. A. Last sumcr he went to Europe as a representative of the y e a r ° * . Department of the Y. M. C. A. For two maf • o t , n e r Daniel was an instructor of matheof R i" W a y ' a i , d Academy and is now a professor the \ r • a n c l C f l l , c a fi°'i in the college department of me , £ i n i a Union University. Before many sum\rfS f e x p e c t s t 0 receive the degree of Master of A1 I""0™ T e a c , 1 e r s ' College of Columbia University. Phi A1 1,a m a m,w P y well boast of three other 1L .inl)ers of this family. Brother V. E. Daniel, A.M. 01 to "*), dean of Wiley College, T e x a s ; Brother A Daniel, Ph.D. (Chicago), associate director of', d y of Social tute c Contacts directed by the Insticial ancl G t v °r> Religious Research, New York her Walte veai-'-f r G. Daniel, who graduates this j r irom the Virginia Union University and who has th, T — a n U > < 1 a teaching fellowship for next year by University of Cincinnati. ni

In compliance with the request of the editor of the S P H I N X , I am writing something of my trip to Europe last summer. Mr. W . C. Craver, Senior Student Secretary, Colored Men's Department, National Council of the Y. M. C. A., and I were the only colored persons in a party of sixteen who made the circuit of contacts planned by the Fellowship of Youth for Peace for the purpose of associating with and studying the problems of the student and youth groups in several countries. W e also attended the World's Federation of Education Associations in Edinburgh, Scotland; the New Fellowship Education Conference in Heidelberg, Germany; the Conference of the Jongren Vreden Actie in Soesterberg, Holland; a conference of Scandinavian and German students in Meissen, Germany; the W a r Resisters' International Conference in Hoddesdon, England, and others. My readers are of various opinions and experiences. Some have read much of the old country; others know practically nothing of it; and yet a few, no doubt, have crossed the waters. This article is divided into five parts. One may easily note its organization and read that which appeals to one's fancy most. I. T r a v e l o g u e Certain it is that I cannot tell all of my observations in the cities—there were more than thirty in number—in the nine countries which we visited : England, Scotland, Germany, Belgium, Holland, Switzerland, Czecho-Slovakia,- Italy and France. It may be interesting to relate something of the attractiveness of the most outstanding cities. London, of course, attracts with her House of Parliament, which we were able to see in every detail through the guidance of the Honorable Rennie Smith, M . P . ; Westminster Abbey, the Valhalla of England's greatest dead, with her royal tombs, poets' corner, and coronation chair; St. Paul's Cathedral, with the stalls of the Sovereign and of the Prince of W a l e s ; the Tower of- London, containing the crown jewels; and the Royal Exchange, the great I finance building with no windows. Edinburgh is often called the Athens of the British Isles. It appeals to the artistic through its lovely scenery; it attracts the antiquarian by its historic associations. The architect is charmed by its buildings ; the literary man is drawn to it through its associations with such men as Scott, Burns, Stevenson. Of historic interest is the grim old Castle whose origin appears to date back to the years B. C Holy wood Palace, where the King and Queen reside on their visit to the Scottish capital, is an interesting old pile. Here it was that Prince Charles Edward in 1745 gave the dazzling ball described by Scott in "Waverley," and here may be seen the apartments occupied by Mary, Queen of Scots. The journey in Germany offered a vast number of the most varied means of enjoyment. There is Hamburg, the ancient Hanseatic city in which the German type of civilization under its multifarious aspects has been progressively incorporated during many centuries of development. There is Heidelberg, exceptionally privileged by Nature, historic site of German romance. Here are the most beautiful castle ruins in Germany,


T h e S p h i n x , April, 1926

referred to by Longfellow as "the most romantic ruins of the Middle Ages." Here is also the most ancient German university. It is over five hundred years Old, the oldest in Europe. Berlin, the third largest city in the world, is also the largest industrial city of Europe and the metropolis of German commerce and trade. "Linter den Linden" is the most important street and makes a pleasing appearance as it extends from the ex-Kaiser s magnificent 1,100-room palace, the Gathedral and Lustgarten, passes by the University of Berlin and through Brandenburg Tor. Next in interest is the "Avenue of Victory," the street with no houses; instead, large statues of former emperors adorn eacn side. Potsdam, the former abode of Frederick the Great, still haunted today by his shadow, is situated amidst wondrously beautiful scenery. Here Natu.e and Art seem blended in perfect harmony. The town is very picturesque, dominated as it; is by the architecture of the 18th Century and containing as it does some six hundred houses which stand today exactly as they stood in Frederick the Great's time. Potsdam thus presents an aspect of architectural homogeniety as rare as it is fascinating. But the chiet place 01 interest here is the historic palace named "Sanssouci ' —an ex-Kaiser's summer palace best known because of its visitation by Voltaire. The lovely park surrounding it is modeled after the gardens of Versailles. Switzerland is certainly the most beautiful country in Europe. Kach city claims the right to be a mecca. Each claims greatest beauty. Rightly this is, perhaps, for each, has a perfect combination ot lake and mountain scenery; each has an unlimited store of things interesting and beautiful; each has a, generous legacy of historical landmarks. The mighty chaotic chasms of the Alps, with its jagged pinnacles and glacial icefields, are wondrous fair to look upon. Interlaken, the mecca of the Alps, is situated on the green carpet of an extensive meadow with a maich.ess view of Jungfrau, the Queen of Glaciers, i h e greatest tnnil in Europe is the trip to Jungfraujoch, the highesi accessible point of the Alps. Alter you pass the region of verdant mountain pastures, you hear the thunder of avalanches in the glaciers, and you feel the magic spell of the gigantic snow-capped peaks of the Jungfrau range. After more than three hours of bumping and jerking on three different types of electric mountain trains—one hour of which is in a tunnel which makes an almost perpendicular ascent straight through the rock—you are dazzled as you step out above the clouds and behold the marvels of glacier regions 11,480 feet above sea level. To the reflective mind, the mere mention of Rome is an inspiration. A visit to this ancient city, so rich alike in its historical, archaeological and architectural features, cannot fail in being fascinating in its interest, educational in its influence, and even moral and humanitarian in its general impressiveness. The extensive area of majestic ruins which ancient Rome presents constitutes a monumental record of the long line of its kings, consuls, and emperors—veritable landmarks of history almost from its foundation to its fall. I need only mention a few: the Pantheon, the Roman Forum, Palatine Hill with the remains of the Palaces of the Caesars, the House of N e r o ; the Basilica of St. John Lateran, St. Peter's Cathedral, the Vatican, the Catacombs and Appian Way. No visitor to Paris can ever forget the Place de la Concorde, Eiffel Tower, the Louvre Museum, Napoleon's Tomb, the Arch of Triumph. The most recent place of interest is the Pantheon de la Guerre, the war panorama. There one sees a mammoth painting of the armies of all the nations which comprised the allied forces in the World War. Naturally enough, we looked for the representation of the Negro soldiers with the American, army. These are recognized more readily by their Negroid features than by a pronounced difference in color.

A trip to France would have been incomplete without having seen the historic palace of Versailles, which is the most gorgeous royal palace in the world and reflects the glory of Louis X I V and the Golden' Age of France to a degree that no other building does There is, too, Verdun, the battlefield which was the scene of greatest struggle and where there is being erected now a gigantic Ossuary as a perpetual me" morial for those whey lost their lives in the conflict In like manner could I write of Czechoslovakia a new nation, but as a combination of the civilization of the Slavs and the Bohemians, is very quaint and antiquated; of Holland with its windmills and canalsof Belgium, whose capital contains the largest and most stately hall of justice in the world. I have written enough of what one may see as a tourist. We did not go to sight-see; that was incidental W e went to meet the youth and to live into their thinking. For that, sight-seeing is superficial and the average tourist leaves Europe with a mistaken idea of the problems of the people. I I . Problems That I may the better present the reaction of European students and youth groups, it is necessary "that I write something of the problems which confront these countries. The American mind has difficulty in realizing the effect of the war. All of the citizenship of this generation is conditioned by it. The United States removed from the scene of activity, is inclined to forget it Europe cannot forget. The reason is not merely that it sent to the shambles ten millions of young men dreaming dreams of high hopes; it is not merely the shocking tragedy of their death; but in addition it is the disturbance of ordered social life. Few realize what happened in Europe where those marching armies broke the spell of peace. It meant that the structure of society w=>s broken down ; that in every home in every peaceful hamlet, the processes of production gave place to those of destruction. Disease, famine and destruction have always been fruits of war, but this war brought a new confusion— a complete economic disorganization and wild currency conditions. All inducement to economy was gone Because money values fluctuated, there was no need to save A member of our party had a ten billion mark note. This issue is of no market value At the Reichsbank in Berlin the note was exchanged for renten marks, ' the present issue of curreirv These ten billion marks exchanged for ten "renteii marks " which equal about two dollars and a half. What rood would come to a German to have saved billions of marks? Gerrnanyis making much progress towards economic stability. The Germans are thrifty, businesslike efficient, and thorough. They are progressing The German peasant is making more headway than the French peasant. The deflation of currency, which has been followed by the stabilization of the rental mark, leaves him,, with less of a financial burden comparatively than the French peasant. France is still in the throes of a financial crisis, because the French franc is very unstable. Italy shows signs of rapid return to normalcy. All countries have heavy taxes But Italy seems to have the heaviest Unemployment is general, i Only recently I received a letter from a friend in Germany who wrote of the great number of unemployed there. England yet Ins her problem of unemployment. Within this year according- to statistics, her unemployment ranges from

£ & *£2thrce m,1"w This is evident


Over all the Continent, the great number of women and old men that one sees in the fields is a p , « l l n g Even the most simple machines and tools of w r k which one sees here are conspicuously absent The

T h e S p h i n x . A p r . l , 1926

yearly addition to the wealth or comfort of the work'">' class is slight. there are no! only the problems of economic re* «a iiiiaLion, but the problem of political adjustment; -•I try <lo not realize the strange new map of Europe. \v e must recognize three distinct groups. First, there are the states created after the war—Esthonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Czecho-Slovakia. They are endeavoring to build and are doing everything possible lo create importance unto themselves. Theirs is a nationalism of self-development. Second, there are the nations defeated in the war—Germany and Austria. ' hey are reduced in area and population. They must refashion the framework which can enshrine their national life and gifts. Theirs is a nationalism of ^"-reorganization. Third, there are nations victorious m the war—England, France, Belgium, Italy. These J 0 '''' a loss of power and position. That is why the -'':[ ue limited Germany's armed forces. Theirs is a

nationalism of self-preservation. ; [vershadowing them all stands the veiled mystery ° East Europe—Soviet Republic. America may consider her lightly, but Europe recognizes her as an element ever to be reckoned with, an unknown factor listurbing every calculation. . All these lands as regards things material were one 'n misery and suffering in the war, but each as regards mental and spiritual factors was and is a separate Problem. These factors involve frontier settlements , n i f l race and religious questions. So many things "ave fed the flames of racial and national bitterness •hat their lurid light is reflected from every angle of European affairs. {he problem of adjustment is intensified by the social problems. The ideas of aristocracy and working classes, upper and lower, are so deeply rooted in t " e history of these nations that the fruits are still Present, Caste system, not on color as in this country, 111 "u economic, and family standing, a' ounds. Y'1' problem is further intensified by the religious l'-''likm. The church has lost her power, for the cnarch is considered the tool of the state. Forces of reconstruction omit the religious element, for religion 's not thought of as related to the people. There is a CDI -scious need of a leadership which will make re1 .'.''" real to life and proclaim a social gospel. i hus from these problems which I have presented, y°U may see that the "post-war slump" is more than -'.temporary weakness. It harbors other ills as well: 1(r e is a rigidity of temper which makes national and 1,1 c national adjustments difficult: •to the European, America is a land of prosperity unhampered by problems of unemployment, currency "P iciat'on, staggering war debts, national hatreds r™ Jealousies. Here Congress has just reduced '; -'s, when Europe is struggling with ever-increasing xatlon in order to balance impossible budgets. Here He topics are of the Ku Klux Klan. fundamentalism "d liberalism, prohibition, and the world court. How tterent these from the problems occupying the stage i Europe today!—stabilization of currency, meeting • w ar-tune o! ligations, relief measures for impoverj " 1 ' ' 1 multitudes, political struggles for supremacy vlv -cen radical and conservative nationalistic factions. I I I . Student


W hat al out li fe among the students ? In our coun_ there are over 500.000 in over one thousand instims of higher learning. And all are teeming and (l . J', rcr ° W( led with eager voting people, with buoyant ^tmisiasm indicative of relative freedom from the which oppress the present-day s ; e and adversity mat " ' Central Europe—no merciless struggle to J ? k e ends meet when measured by present-day g u a r d s of European students. Te 's a "busy-ness" apparent in our college life, ;i .., cd . y " l u ' s s " not so much in the pursuit of knowlc > m the halls of learning as in the extra-curricular v


activities which give abundant evidence of superticiality, of shallowness, of mechanistic education with tittle real concentrated study actuated by love of kn iu ledge as such,'which is typical of so many European students. I Hiring the pre-war days in Germany, students were free from national cares. Even had a student wished to v. ork with his hands, university regulations discouraged and, in some cases, even forbade him. His horizon is bounded by his social position. Although prejudice among professors and other leaders against students engaging in manual labor was stronger in Germany than elsewhere, yet it is just in that country that all classes of society have now united to make possible the co-operative self-help of these future rebuilders of the nation. One of the most revolutionary phenomena in postwar Germany is the fact that tens of thousands of university students work with their hands. The "work student" as a social phenomena has been combated, apologized for, defended, and generally discussed all over the Reich and also in other lands. This year the great self-help organization of the German students (Wirtschaftshilfe) offered a number of prizes for the best pieces of writing, descriptive of experiences as a work student. This seems strange to us, so accustomed are we to students working their way through school. They have a new philosophy. If German culture is to he saved, the < ierman students must do it themselves. The salvage of German university life depended on the development of a complete system of student self-help such as would render student life independent and self-supporting. So deeply embedded was this idea of self-help that many engaged in disreputable work in order to support themselves in school. Our informants explained disreputable work to mean playing a piano in night cabarets, standing guard in lwmis where gambling is going on, soliciting work for prostitutes, and the like. Although times have gone when students had to commit suicide because of hunger; although times have gone when students had to do disreputable work in order to stay in school, the times are still here when the students are undernourished. The average price of a meal of a student is 38 pf. (10c), of a better class student 65 pf. (15c). Because of poverty, the number of students has decreased from 123,000 to 00,000. About fifteen per cent of these are tubercular. The facts herein stated were obtained in a conference with Dr. Michaelis, His Excellency, ex-Chancellor of Germany, who is at present the director of the leading self-help organization in Germany. The German students have had to make a choice, '•'Werkstudent oder Bettclstudent" (working student or begging student). Note the urge which prompts their action! They believe that unless the student community becomes a self-supporting student state, one of three disasters will befall the country—the universities will become the reserve of the very rich. life in them a luxury for the sons and daughters of the hated "schiel er" (profiteer); or students must remain permanently the recipients of foreign aid, a thing wholly repulsive to their self-respect; or state support on a wide scale will condemn students to> some form of political subjection and rob the universities of academic freedom But the students will not accept these alternatives. They will work! Seven in every ten arc work students. What a change from pre-war conditions when such was looked upon with disfavor! This transition presents a mighty challenge. Here is exemplified the force of a conviction which has changed a circumstance of social opprobrium to one of social approval and admiration. A further proof of the conviction was given last August in Gex at the annual conference of the European Student Relief. The German students declared, "We shall be no longer only recipients of your work, we shall lie partners, contributors." Accordingly, the Wirtschaftshilfe as-


T n e S p h i n x , Apr.l,


sumed responsibility for ten thousand marks ($2,500) of the budget of the E. S. R. This is the same fund which is known in this country as the Student Friendship Fund, to which contributions have been made through the National Student Council of the Y. M. C A. and to which the Negro students have made appreciable contributions. IV.

The Youth Movements

The determination and the aggressiveness of the students characterize the spirit of the Youth movements. As with the nations, so with their youth. Their bitterest sufferings are in the region of the spirit, not the body or even the mind. Burning with a sense of wrong, brooding over each national or racial slight and injustice, seeing no hope in the present social order, thinking the church ineffective, believing the only hope to be in another warâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;such are even now many of the future leaders of the nations. Others are less bitter, but more despairing. These see no hope in w a r ; at the same time no sign in the nations of the good will that alone can avert it. And still others, largely students, who feci that the responsibility of citizenship makes a demand upon the student. These have rid themselves of the academic mind and turned from books to life itself. These have divested themselves of the pedantry of mere tearing. These have developed an imitative and alertness of intelligence whose moral fiber strengthens in adversity, true to its ideals. These are they who constitute the Y/outh movements of Europe which are powerful factors in the nations abroad, and like unto which we have nothing m America. Students of the history of education should recognize a condition now comparable with that of Europe in the eighteenth century. It was then that the people smarted under the belief that the power of the King had been bought with the slavery of his people; his success in war with the impoverishment of the country ; the extravagance of aristocratic society with the sordid lives of the common people. In its origin, the Enlightenment was a reaction against the hierarchy in church, state and society. The Enlightenment asserted a supreme faith in the reason of the individual, in justice to the state, in tolerance in religious belief, in liberty in political action, and in the rights of man. Freedom of thought, liberty of conscience, sufficiency of reason for the conduct of life were thus the watchwords and the keys of the interpretation of this eighteenth century movement. These same keys admit to the philosophy of the present youth movements. The outstanding youth movement in England is the Youth section of the No-More-War Movement; in Holland, Jongeren Vreden Actie; in Germany, .the Weltjugendliga, which is the more definite organization expressive of the idea of the Wandervogel Bencgug. These groups find themselves in sharp opposition to the whole life of society, with its often outworn traditions and double standards of morals. The name of Wandervogel is a battle-cry of a mental revolution. Its members would achieve a life of real inner honesty and self-dependence. Belief in the right of the individual, freedom of thought, liberty of conscience require that the individual must respect the sight and personality of another. This group then is contending for international justice and good will. Respect for another often comes as a result of knowledge of that one. So these groups meet in Conference with the youth of other nations; they go camping together; they exchange letters. Any rebellion against formalism makes for naturalism, so that just as the Enlightenment was attended In a naturalistic movement headed by Rousseau, so is this attended by a naturalistic movement These youth believe that an individual's highest development is grounded in the actual life of their own country, its landscape, its people, its old folk songs, the simplicity

and wisdom of which they discovered anew and learned to know during many evenings of singing and dancing in the meadows and woods. Among other forms of expression which this new realization of life and freedom put on, was care and respect for the body, in the matter of habits, food and clothing. Many are vegetarians. At Swanick and at Thorp Bay, England, it was noticeable that the young men and young women were often barefooted. Frequently the young women wore one-piece sleeveless dresses, and the young men had nothing on except short trousers which remind one of running trunks. As may be expected, there are ex'remes which call themselves youth movements, as "The Association for Simple Life," "The Vegetarians," "The Naked Association," and so on. But these exaggerations have not been able to harm the real movement. In a sentence, the final and essential aim of the movement is the achievement of a harmonious and sincere personality, expressing itself in respect for personality and free expression of opinion, and in a c Ttam contempt for all overdone forms of organizat .HI.

The striking thing is that France has no strong youth movement. 'I here is a new organization called the Jeune Rcpublique, but we made no contacts with it. France is handicapped by the absence of young men who would be leaders. Mr. Chaffee, the National ( ouncil Secretary of the Y. M. C. A.'s in France, told us that France lost two million men whose ages at present would be between twenty-five and thirty-years. Just the group to furnish the major leadership for youth I There are no organisations in America corresponding to these in Em-ope. Our history, our mode of living, our problems have not been of a nature to fo.xe such. Three organizations definitely for the youth of this country are the Federation of American Students. the r-ellowship of Youth for Peace and the Council oi Christian Associations. The Federation of American Students grew out of the World Court Conference which I attended at Princeton University last December. The Fellowship of Youth for Peace is the organization which directed our travel abroad. It is^ associated with the Fellowship of Rsconcilis ian vhich h a : Icen active in stimulating the students of the American colleges to think on international and interracial problems. The Council of Christian Associations consists of the Y. M. C. A. and the Y. W . C. A. These, through their student departments, have aggressive and broadening programs. Yet many of otir students remain uninformed on these matters. They do not know of the opportunities offered by I '-'â&#x20AC;˘ icipation in the Student Friendship Fund, They do not know that the support of Max Yergan is intimately connected with proper racial representation in the Wo-ld's Christian Student Movement. The Challenge to Negro Students I am firmly of the opinion that the Negro student is thinking too narrowly. We absorb ourselves in our own problems as a race with a sense of acceptance of the inevitable. Preoccupied with ourselves, our eyes never turn to the conditions of students elsewhere. The Negro must be of international significance. The majority of the Europeans have no more vivid idea of the American Negro than we have of the difference between the Baltics and the Balkans, a kind of geogra1 h - not always learned in school. Now many of US can even pronounce and spell with assurance, Czechoslovakia and Juco-Slavia, countries which offer excellent studies in racial hatreds ! Frontier questions and individual psychology of various countries mean speedy addition to the student's knowledge of modern history. Mastering the difference between a low-valuta and a high-valuta country and the problems of living in each give a rich training in economics. The student of chemistry or physics who has no time for the study of foreign affairs and

T h e S p h i n x April, 1 9 2 6 social ethics may one day realize that to spend years on the study of an applied science, without attending to the forces which may render it either a blessing or a curse is to have the outlook of a Robot. The student of sociology who fails to take account of the impact of western civilization on native races in China, and South Africa and elsewhere, or of the social outlook of the oppressed groups, may never be more than a lopsided theorist. The student of law who does not ponder the profound discontent of vast numbers of men and women in every country in the Western world, nor consider the relation between economic aspiration and legal development, may live to see existing systems of law topple over as rapidly as the dynasties of Europe during the storm of the war. White students are rapidly passing the stage of theory i n their international education. They are travelling in large numbers. They have received, therefore, not only an international education but also an experience of the richness of international fellowsnip, an experience not merely intellectual but spiritual. I know that expense is prohibitive to travel. But t am not contending for the impossible. Many have JK>t made the first step. They do not read those publications which are live with, problems of students and youth the world over. The Intercollegian, Vox Stufentiim, the Student World, the Student Forum, the Boy's World—some, if not all, come to every college lib •"ary or Y. M. C. A. reading room. Mr. Tracey St r °ng, associate editor of the Boy's World, published by the World's Committee" of the Y. M. C. A., rev e s t e d Mr. Graver and me to find in the Negro col'eges a student of a world mind who could I ecome a regular contributor. Such an one is hard to find. When the early steps are taken, other opportunities come. My going was made possible through the efforts 01 the Y. M. C. A. student department. This year a student of Florida State College represents the Negro Students at the Y. M. C. A. conference in Denmark. . l n 1!>28, the Fellowship of Youth for Peace is fosterm g a world conference of Youth to meet in Holland. A J>If^ro student should be there. I h e travel and world view of the people of China. Japan, and India have put the Orient on the- ma]) for the peoples of Europe. Ninety per cent of the people !" India arc illiterate, yet any man of color, unless he 's of a distinct African type, is considered from India. * PToup, less than ten per cent, has given India international significance. Groups abroad are curious about ;ne Negro problem in this country. A social gathering in Berlin, at which some German Jews were hosts jO our party, ended with a discussion of the Negro, 'ed by my frje,,,-^ j ^ r . Craver. A German friend sent tor his son in Poland to come home and see us. H e came. There were manv experiences which revealed their interest. There is a new impetus among youth to join hands across the world to secure understanding and good WlU. This new movement in youth is only now becoming conscious of its mission, and there is great ? eop e fr,r c a r e f u l thinking and planning as well as for me exuberant enthusiasm that refuses to be discouraged by difficulties. A most interesting thing to me ' s that those conferences of students whose outlook ^'ls been most international, those who have made ^'ear that they desire to strengthen the bonds of ricndship and "increase the spiritual solidarity of students everywhere, are those most straight on the race rc| ation s in America. The problem of races in America is not the only •"en m the world. W h a t do we know of England ; l m | India? Of China and Japan? Of the Jews in "••"many and Poland? Let that vouth struggling over of r u , • n f h i s w o r , d 9ee in , h i s w o r l d a n n t h c r v o u t h 1 like circumstance bit* of such a world mind that he i-istcns toward him with outstretched hands of friendni ' P- Students are seeds and universities seed-beds of


the new intellectual harvest that shall feed, renew, and make grow the knowledge and the moral'fiber of mankind. We must feel that, although we are taken up with our own national development, we have international relationships and contacts, too, that bring us responsibilities and privileges.

COOLIDGE A P P O I N T S COBB JUDGE TERRELL'S SUCCESSOR The following extract is from a recent issue of the Chicago Bee: Washington, D. C , Feb. 15.—The recent death of Judge Robt. H . Terrell created a vacancy on the Municipal bench of the District of Columbia, a position which had been held by him for nearly' twentyfour years. Upon Judge Terrell's passing, an effort was begun to get President Coolidge to appoint a colored man of similar high character and standing After full consideration of the claims of the various persons whose names were presented to him, he decided to appoint Jas. A. Cobb, an able and experienced lawyer. Mr. Cobb had the support of several important groups, including Senator William M. Butler, chairman of the Republican National Executive Committee • leading members of the Legal Farternity, influential senators and representatives and men and women of his own race representing various schools of thought and influence. Mr. Cobb's name was presented at the White House and to the Department of Justice, and to Senator Butler, by Dr. Emmett J. Scott, member of the Advisory Committee of the Republican National Executive Committee. In L907, at the personal request of President Roosevelt, he was appointed by Attorney General Bonaparte as Special Assistant to the Attorney General and was assigned to the U. S. Attorney's office in and for the District of Columbia, having special charge of the pure food prosecutions, naturalization, and forfeited bonds. Later revenue cases were added to his duties. How effectively this work was done the records in the 1 kpartment of Justice, as well as of the United States Attorney's office, and the records in the Courts, including the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia. speak for themselves. In August, 1915, he resigned from the Department of Justice and again took up the practice of his profession.



Mu-Lambda. "And our emblem shall be the Sphinx"—where is the fratcr worthy of the Brotherhood who does not remember the first time he heard these signal words ! A club and a button in pledgee days; a certain magazine bearing a cover stamped in black on a back of gold; a shield on which is inscribed a hand, a torch, a head, and a scroll; and last but not least, a certain night of nights, when even the bravest of us dared not to he bold—if it lias been your fortune to acquire a vivid memory of these things, then you are of course aware of the fact and force of this opening phrase. And while it is true that those of our clan alone of all men amongst the quick and the dead know the "secret of the Sphinx"—our password—yet we wonder how many of us are as familiar as we should be with our emblem's past and pedigree. There are in this connection certain facts which we in open forum of course cannot tell; but of many others, it is true, there is no such taboo. For our information, and the information of our fellowmen, some of these are here-


T h e S p h i n x , A p r i l . 1926

with "inscribed upon the public scroll." Perhaps every one who knows anything about it at all, knows that Egypt is the home of the Sphinx, that it is situated at Gizeh, the famous pyramid center to the south of Cairo near the site of ancient Memphis; and that it is one of the oldest and most majestic monuments in the world. Everyone knows, too, perhaps, that it is a great stone mass on the west side of the Nile, facing the East; that it stands in front of the second largest of the Great Pyramids; and that it is so shaped that its base represents the body of a lion and its head that of a man. It is a question,; however, if there are as many who are familiar with the exact dimensions of its gigantic form, or who know that this monumental and majestic figure was carved in the main out of a single and unmoved piece of stone. With the assumption that these doubts and others not expressed are justified, we append herewith the following facts concerning the character and history of our emblem. The body proper is one hundred and fifty feet long. but with its paws, a third as long, added, its total length is two hundred feet. The bead, the largest ever sculptured in the round, is fourteen feet wide and thirty feet high. From the base to the top of the head i> a distance of seventy feet. In the more distant ages the bead and face oi the Sphinx wore an aspect which was in some respects quite different from what it is at the present tune. Its head had originally a beard several feet long attached to its chin and a crown with the royal and divine uraeus or serpent upon its brow, but both oi these have now disappeared. Its face was considerably damaged through an effort made by the fanatical Mohammedans to destroy it in the Fourteenth Century, and it was still further disfigured by cannon shot aimed at it by the Mamelukes when they conquered

Egypt from the Arabs. Earthquakes, weathering and constant etchings by the desert sands 1 lown aga nst it for ten- of centuries have also contributed their part in transforming its countenance. But notwithstanding all of these more or less destroying forces, the face of the Sphinx still retains many of those arresting ethnic traits which have attracted special attention to it since the mosl ancient times. For it is a fact that the face, in spite- of its mutilations, even today impresses upon ths beholder its unquestionable Negro physiognomy. Faces like it may still be seen by the hundreds among the Neg! living around the headwaters of the Nile. The fact that its face is that of a Negro, together with its great age its niomimentality and its majesty, places the questions,—who built the Sphinx, when and w hy>—among the most interesting and most puzzling probiems ever attacked by the science of archaeology. Is it possible that the Sphinx is the creation of some mighty Negro titan who dominated the world about him when civilization was young? Popular tradition concerning the negative position oi the Negro in antiquity to the contrary notwithstanding—this seems to be the true answer. For it is a fact that every passing vear brings forth a mass of evidence which is more and more convincing archaeologists that the Negroes of Central Africa plaved a greater part in the building of the Civilizations of Ancient Egypt than we have hitherto been wont to think. Many year that brilliant student of ancient African C ivilization, Ladv Flora Shaw I.ugard. foreshadowed this in writi n g ' "When the history of Negroland comes to be written in detail, it may be found that the Kingdoms lying towards the eastern end of the Sudan were the home of the races who inspired, rather than the home of the races who received the traditions of civilization associated for us with the name of ancient Egypt. The distinguished English Egyptologist, Randall MacIver had no doubt just such evidence in mind when he wrote (1000), "The more we learn of Nubia and the Sudan the more evident does it appear that much

of what is most characteristic in tin- predynastic culture of Egypt is due to the intercourse with the interior of Africa and to the immediate influence of the permanent Negro element which has been in the population of Southern Egypt from remotest to our own day." A more or less similar position was taken by the veteran Egyptologist, Sir Flinders Petrie, when lie wrote: "It is remarkable how renewed vitality has always come to Egypt out of the South. The First Dynasty appears to have moved up from Punt [Ahyss:niaj. i he rhird Dynasty, which led to the Fourth [the one to which the Sphinx is thought by most authorities to belong], shows a strong Ethiopean face in Sa Nekht. The Twelfth we can now trace to a Galla [a tribe in Central Africa | origin, which stamped .1 with its features, i IK- Eighteenth was a Be ghtened by marrying a Libyan princess. lb.- TwenlJ filth was from distant nieroe (ancient capital of the Negro Kingdom of Kash|. Each of the great stages of Egyptian history seems to owe its new energy to a southern conquest." But enough of this digression; let us return to the immediate question before us—the builder and age of the Sphinx. While, as the preceding facts indicate, there are good reasons for believing thai some ancient Ethiopean titan built the Sphinx, yet the very ablest authorities on the subject have not yet been able to a,;i\e on ;b.' question, who he was, or when he lived. As was stated in a preceding paragraph, the Sphinx stands in front of the second largest of the three Great Pyramids at Gizeh. Many of the foremosl Egyptologists amongst them the veteran Harvard Archaeologist G. A. Reisner [my old teacher | are of the opinion that Khafra, the third king of the Fourth Dynasty and the builder of this pyramid, was also responsible for the creation of the Sphinx. In Dr. Reisner's opin on this monument was built, therefore, alou! 3,S69 years before Christ; the features of the Sphinx being, he also thinks, those of this king. The earliest l-.gyj, .: n record referring to the Sphinx that has so far been recovered seems to support this view. This is a huge red granite tablet, fourteen feet high, which was discovered between the paws of the Sphinx by Cavigla in 1817. It was placed there during the Eighteenth Dynasty, about 1,420 years before Christ. by die Thothmes IV. (according to some authorities, the grandfather of Tutankhamen) iii the first year of his reign, flic tablet tells how Thothmes, in response to a pica made to him in a dream by Harmachia, one of the oldest Ethiopian-Egyptian gods, had c l e a n ! away the accumulated sand which had then almost 1 uried the Sphinx. In the thirteenth line of the inscription there appears a reference which connnects Khafra in a vague way with the monument. It may be said that ibis view, holding Khafra to be the builder of the Sphinx, represents the opinion of mosi Oi the authorities at the present time. There are other authorities, however, who think that the Sphinx was built by some mighty king who had preceded Khafra by many hundred years. Some oi these, among them distinguished Egyptologists like Brugsoh Bey, M. de Rouge, Dr. Birch, and Sir i-i. A W. Buige, think that there are reasons for believing that the Sphinx was built by some of the kings oi the very earliest dynasties—perhaps even in predynastic times. In their opinion it is not a monument of Khafra but a representation of the old Ethiopian god, Harmachis, whose followers, emigrating from the Sudan, established the civilization of the First Dynasty. There are also a few antiquarians, among them the veteran Egyptologist, Flinders Petrie, and Dr. H. R. Hall of the British Museum, who are of the opinion that the monument was erected after the Fourth Dynasty had passed away. The former thinks that it was proba ly built some time between the Sixth and Twelfth Dynasties. One of bis chief reasons! for this view is that there is in the middle of the back of the Sphinx an old shaft-grave which was not

T h e S p h i n x , April, 1926

earlier than the Fourth Dynasty. This, he feels, must have been cut into the rock before the Sphinx was built, for this hardly would have been allowed after the monument had been formed. Because of the style 01 the sculpture and for other reasons. Dr. Hall holds thai the Sphinx was built in the Twelfth Dynasty by the might]/ Amenemhal 111—a member of that powerful Galla-Negro line of kings which came to the throne about 8000 B. C. with the advent of Amenemhat I. Which of these views is the correct one, it is of course impossible for us to say; but however this may I e, there is no gainsaying the fact that some great black master was the builder of this ancient and majestic monument. Nor can there be any question concerning the truth that he was of that type which wrought long and wrought well; let us then who nave adopted bis creation as oar emblem go and do likewise! WILLIAM


D I S C R E D I T I N G NEGRO COLLEGES By N. W. HUDSON, Tan Chapter Every College has its standards. In most instances, however, each is subject to some reasonable degree of classification. There are colleges with both moral and educational standards. Some lay stress upon high educational standards and specialization, while others 'ay particular stress upon moral education and art. Negro Colleges on the whole endeavor to ma]) out their curriculum to conform to the type promoting high morals and educational standards. In many inCes, however, the moral stress supercedes the educational stress. This appears to be true, not because the student body is immoral or unmoral, but because ot a great need to develop men and women with good character and with a will to live with and beside their tellowrnen without friction. Then again the limited ca PUal and endowment tends to make it almost im1 sib],,. -,, p l a c e the maximum amount of stress upon the highest degree of education. This condition preU!Us 'it': Neg o institutions from being placed on an equal ratin; with the world's greatest colleges, that

tend to | a y 111-• maximum amount of stress upon the >' ghest degree of education. ' he lack of finance causes their library facilities in rainy instances to be more or less limited. In only one is there located a Carnegie library. This condition impairs educational research and causes extensive edutal research to be distinctly limited in most Wcgto institutions. Since this condition exists, the ro public should place, or assist in placing. v liable books, ancient books and periodicals in some °i our la gest institutions, operating under economical and scientific management. there is also a limited supply of laboratory equipment in most instances. Most of the college heads strive to keep a sufficient amount and the kind needed to teach the sciences listed on the curriculum. In mo-l instances these subjects do not include advanced cou-ses and prevent extensive research, specialization, discoveries or improvements along educational lines. ' h e sooner specialization is encouraged and more equipment is allotted Negro institutions, the sooner Will they force recognition the world over as prime » t 0 r s m l n e Perpetuation of civilization. Most Negro colleges have eight or more distinct and sepa ate departments covering education, art, Physical and social science, music, athletics, and industry- Some of our institutions fail to develop each of l * jkpartments as they should and as required for class "A'' institutions, t h e departments are grouped in some instances while in others professors especially prepared for the work are not at the head of it, nor do


they devo.e their entire time to that particular work, because of the shortage of teachers, poor salaries, the i rd hip of securing instructors with doctor degrees who will consent to remain year after year with low and insufficient salaries. i; would no doubt be hard to give a minute classification of each college in existence, but criterions of a standa d college have been worked out by various educators and have been successfully applied to a large number of our institutions. In making a small survey of race colleges an examiner of a class " A " institution reported Howard University as class " B , " except that credit in Architecture shall be granted only on recommendation of the department in a class " A " institution. Fiske University formerly rated in class " C " except that credit in surveying should be allowed by examination only. The rating has expired at present. Wilberforce University. Wilbcrforce, Ohio, drops from class " C " to class " D . " Other institutions filed are not rated up until date. Students coming from class " B " colleges entering class " A " colleges do not suffer as great loss as those coming from classes " C " and "11." Students from class " I ! " colleges receive practically hour for hour for transferred credit, while students from class "C" receive three-fourths and students from class " D " less than one-half in a number of instances. Students from class " C " colleges must spend one extra year in the graduating school. while students coming from class " D " colleges are admitted only upon examination and in some instances not at all until they have taken work in the undergraduate school. From the facts gathe'ed we can see a great need of Negro loyalty for Negro institutions. W e have permitted these institutions to grow and their growth has been an asset rathe- than a burden. Their existence has made it possible for thousands of Negro students to acquire a higher education than they would have otherwise acquired They have been of' special value to the student who could not afford to pursue his course of studies in the most expensive colleges and universities. They have taken special precaution to tutor the retarded student and the student who has Den out of school for several years. Rather than to d'scourage them (hey have encouraged them. They have given them practiec as well as theory. They have given them contact and association with their instructors as well as the presence of their voices. Negro institutions are erasing illiteracy among Negroes. giving Negroes employment, giving Negroes a livelihood, and developing a self conscious group with a spirit to carry on. They are the rock of Negro civilization, progress and unity, king land had her Eden, and we should have the affirmation of our faith tutored by Negroes in Negro institutions. Negro Universities in spite of their defects are doing more toward developing a race consciousness and fraternalizing the group than any other institutions m existence. The social contact, the varied acquaintances, the art of learning to keep each others and partake of each others hardships is building a firm foundation for a true and noble race of men. They are developing powerful personalities in the heart of America. The art of training men to lead, to serve, to he true to themselves and their fellowmen can be noted wherever the institution's products mav be found. The success or failure of these institutions should be the success or failure of every red-blooded Negro in America. What if white institutions should close their doors to Negroes like they do in the south? What if they discredit our students so, until they get discouraged and cease going ;- What if they inconi pmence them so until our student population slumps If such should come to pass unexpectedly, hut for our own institutions there would be a dark age in Negro education, and a stimulant to serfdom. There-


T h e S p h i n x , April,


fore, it behooves us as educators, leaders, Alumni, teachers and students to see that the best of these institutions, located where they can do the best good, are protected financially, economically, educationally and religiously. W e should interest ourselves in their educational and financial standing before we trust the cream of youth there. W e should trust the cream of

our race there and see that the facilities for a through modern, class " A " education is placed and kept in operation there. 11 is our duty to accredit them rather than to discredit or attempt to discredit them. We should not allow for their shortcomings, but endeavor to mend them,

T h e S p h i n x April, 1 9 2 6




< EDITORIALS o ysssoccs3SssiD5^si3L3Kssca^>nKsss5 tssso£ csaxrs^

FIGHTING THE FIGHT! John Coolidge of stalwart build and sterling qualities has crossed over with a storm of applause from his fellow men for a life well spent. That he was neither a king nor a capitalist mattered not; whether he had wit or wisdom, or the power to move men's souls, was of small import. Courteous, silent, of infinite patience! His wealth was that of freinds and the great out of doors. His love the simple and genuine in life is seen in the fact that he was never content when away from the hillsides which he knew so well even when he was a guest at the stately mansion which now is his son's, Calvin Coolidge's home. A life replete with the Christian virtues of sincerity, simplicity and steadfastness—all in the reach of the least of u s ! There is much in such a life to emulate. And what does it matter if it be our lot t» lift the bonds of oppression and slavery through "in- preaching of the "Go-to-High, Go-to-Col!ege Movement" in some small wooded village where there is little light and less hope in the hearts of those who call it home or the more conspicuous duty of administering to the city bred? There is in each instance immeasurable opportunity for service of the highest sort. To do whatever task comes to hand cheerfully and happily for all concerned, seemed to have been this man's code of living. A remarkable life was that of Colonel Coolidge. We are told that even his funeral arrangements were made in person. All of which is proof of his independent admirable character and ot the beauty and wholesomeness of his life. For it is not every man who can face death courageously. After the manner so notably described by Bryant, in Tbanatopsis, this man approached his grave, " * * * Like one who wraps the drapery of his couch about him And lies down to pleasant dreams." P U T T I N G IT OVER "Eta Lambda Chapter is preparing this year, in connection with its 'Go-to-High School, Go-to-Coltege* campaign, a booklet on 'Go-to-College—Why and How?' similar to the recent booklet on 'Why Go to College.' The booklet may be used by other chapters and further announcement in this regard will be made later.'' We have just quoted from Eta Lambda s letter appearing in the convention number of The Sphinx. Many who recall the excellent booklet, "Why Go to College," prepared by Eta Lambda two years ago, will welcome the glad tidings of another such pamphlet now being compiled by this aggressive and efficient chapter. The pleasure of belonging to a chapter comes from the chapter's character of "Putting Things Over." It must be a pleasure to those brothers who can boast of belonging to Eta Lambda. The chapter will not only do its own task well; but also will make "available its literature for use by all chapters in furthering the 'Go-to-High School, Goto-College,' endeavor." "Why Go to College" was highly commendable and found wide favor among teachers and educators everywhere. It is promised that 'Go-to-College—Why and How?' will be equally as meritorius. As this is the only substantial literature being compiled in connection with our Educational campaign for use this >'ear, it is recommended that as many chapters as possible will make its use a part of their plans. Chapters desiring to do so will do well to communicate with Eta Lambda immediately in an elfort to be supplied with this fine material."

And we must commend Eta Lambda for a continuance of that fine spirit of duty that has been characteristic of the chapter from its inception. It represents a chapter "Putting First Things First" and is a fine example for emulation by many of the chapters that seem to be putting first things last. TIGHTENING UP It is a regrettable fact that certain conditions of laxity and neglect existent in many of the chapters made necessary a letter from the office of The Sphinx, a portion of which we quote here : "Under the ruling of the Eighteenth Annual Convention, we were prohibited from sending the Convention number of The Sphinx to those chapters who did not send in the names and addresses of the members who we.'e entitled to it. Each chapter was asked for this list twice, first in December and again in January. Up to February fifteenth, the following chapters had not complied with the request and, therefore NO COPIES OF T H E SPHINX WERE EVEN PRINTED FOR THEIR M E M B E R S : Alpha, i.eta. (lamina. Eta, Kappa, Mu, Nu, Omicron, Pi. Rho, Upsilon, Psi, Xi., Alpha-Alpha, Alpha-Delta, Delta-Lambda, Theta-Lambda, Iota-Lambda, KappaLambda, Omicron-Lambda. At the time this letter was mailed there were fiftyfive chapters on our roster. This means that twentyfifty-fifths or four-elevenths of the chapters were delinquent—a very high percentage of inefficiency. Some brothers claim that this is the character of all of our fraternal activities—a grave indictment indeed; but past experience does not warrant our contradicting it. Brother Peyton F. Anderson, chairman of the committee on delinquent chapters, in a letter sent to the delinquent chapters on March 35, had this to say; ' i he tact that your chapter was delinquent in that your roster was not sent to the above office, accounts for your failure to receive copies of the S P H I N X of the last edition. This delinquency was existed in the past, but recently there has occurred a general tightening up all along the line." The time H A S come for a general tightening up or soon we shall find ourselves disintegrating and passing off the stage as an effective organization. It is hoped that every chapter and every orother will feel the necessity of a general tightening up. Brother Anderson has struck a true note. Let's " C A T C H S T E P " with him for the execution "all along the line."

GENERAL SECRETARY EVANS Brother Joseph H. B. Evans, our General Secretary. seems to be taking advantage of every opportunity to bring about the highest order of efficiency in his office. Every chapter is finding him eager to ao ins job and he is doing it well. Brother Evans is the kind of man who will go out of his way to perform his task. Wherever his daily work carries him he tries to do a little something to make his fraternal work move along more smoothly. His recent visits to St. Louis, Kansas City and Little Rock were evidences of his deep fraternal interest. We all should not forget, though, that the General Secretary's job is the biggest job in the fraternity. Every chapter ought to realize that Brother Evans lias fifty-live or sixty other chapters with which to deal, and in realizing this promptness and efficiency in cooperating with him should be the rule.


T h e S p h i n x , April, 1 9 2 6

Bctivnttes of Chapters N I L E CLUB O F N E W JERSEY BROTHERS IN ALPHA P H I ALPHA, Greetings: New Jersey has long been in need of a chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha, and, with this in view, seven stalwart sons tried and true, like the seven jewels (Kelly, Tandy et al.), met at the well-appointed offices of Bro. Dr. Ferdinand D. Williams, D. 1).. Ion Washington St.. Newark, N . J., and under the direction ol Bro. Dr. Peyton F. Anderson, second vice president of the General Organization, formed the Nile Club of Newark, N. J., and vicinity. Dr. Anderson acted as temporary chairman during the organizing of the club and gave from his everready store some very suggestive ideas and a very inspiring talk, and if we all can infuse some of his spirit and that of the officers of the Nile Club into the long dormant brothers in New Jersey we will soon have line <ii" the strongest, if not the strongest chapter in the organization. The following officers were elected to guide the d ship "New Jersey" through the turbulent waters <>i" organization: Bro. Ferdinand D. Williams, D. D. S., President (Beta). Bro. James Randolph, L. L. B., Vice President (Nu). Bro. Clarence Janifer, M. D., Treasurer ( A l p h a ) . Bro. John Douglas, I'll. I!.. Secretary (Alpha Gamma). Bro, Ernest F. Clarkson, B. S-, Editor to S P H I N X (Xi). Bro. Dudley Johnson, A. B., Sergeant-at-Arms (Alpha). Brothers Williams and Randolph gave short and inspiring talks, pregnant with new found hopes and plans for future guidance of the Nile Club. Several committees were appointed, chief among which are the Constitutional and By-Laws Committee and the Social Committee, which is incidentally the "eats" e immittee, and Bro, Dudley Johnson, chairman, says: "What it takes to bring the brothers out he totes it." This chapter is going to be "too terrible" —if you grasp the meaning. So you dormant brothers in New Jersey get in touch with Bro. John Douglas, 20 Thomas St., Newark, N. J., and help us put this chapter over with a bang. Watch our smoke and look for a long, newsy letter for the next issue. Until then and always Fraternally yours,

The I'll! iwiug men ha-.,' been elected to cor •• >! •'• destiny of Epsilon for 1926: William L. Postler, President; Armistead S. Pride, Vice President; Remus G. Robinson, Secretary; l.loyd !•',. Alexander. Corresponding Secretary; R. !•'.. Armstead, Treasurer; Maurice S. Arrington, Sergeant-at-Arms; John Gray, Houseman. Brother Postles, junior in dentistry, was our Junior delegate to the convention. He returned with the real spirit and we felt that "Bill" was. capable of occupying the chair. Brother Postles delivered an address that could correctly be called the second Gettysburg's Address. We placed the laurel oi Vfce President upon our most active campus worker. Brother Pride is affiliating with a large number of campus clubs, the most important of which is the Negro Causian Club, of which he is Vice President. R cently the club senl Brother Pride to a national conference in Indianapolis to represent the University of Michigan, bight. Brother Pride! You are the type ni man whom Alpha Phi Alpha needs. I! other 'Charlie" Baker has been confined to his bed the last few days. H u r r y and get well, "Charlie," Farrell's track team needs you. Brother Lit" Longhome was forced out oi school this semester on business. ' Lit" was our youngest brother, yet he had the real fraternity spirit. Last year he was second man on the frosh tenuis squad and was looked upon as being a strong contender for a berth on Michigan varsity team. Brothers Conn and Carter are getting along nicely in the law school. Brother "Piggy" Turner is still rooting i;i the field of Philosophy, lie boiics to create an ideal universe where only the Alpha spirit pre-.ails. Brother V. A. Christian, formerly of Gamma chapter, is completing bis medical career here. Brother Christian graduated from Virginia Union with his A. !!. degree and then did postgraduate work at Columbia University. H e entered the School oi Medicine at the University of Michigan fall of 1922 and since that time has been one i .. in i,t efficient students of his class. Epsilon gave a home party in honor of GammaL; nil da. but due to the severe weather only a few brothers were able to come out. Epsilon has been fortunate to have had a number of its former brothers over during the past month. Among these •,.vv Brothers Julian I'. Rodgers, LL. B., former president of Gamma Lambda. L:O-.II l''.. ALEXANDER,







University of Michigan BROTHERS IN ALPHA I'm ALPHA, Greetings: Epsilon is much alive and planning to establish a record in its educational campaign. Eighty-five per cent of her brothers attended the last convention in Detroit. They returned tilled with the spirit and endeavoring in every way to carry aloft the ideals of Alpha Phi Alpha in the way of helping the community and the race of mankind as a whole

B O O K E R T. M ' G R A W Epsilon Brother McGraw was Epsilon's Senior delegate to the convention in Detroit and is perhaps known to mtny as the one who spoke on behalf of the State of Michigan, He came to us in 1923 from his mother chapter at Atlanta University, where he received his A. B. degree. H e received his A. M. here last year in economics and hopes to lay hold of an M. B. A. in June, As our retiring President, Brother McGraw finishes a rear of untiring effort and industry. H e is chairman of our educational campaign and expects to make

T h e S p h m x April, 1 9 2 6 it bigger and better than any Epsilon has staged so tar. Completing his third year of training on Michigan soil, Brother McGraw brings to a close a period radiant with the unselfish spirit of Alpha Phi Alpha.


pledgees brought in for inspection by the rushing committee. A n energetic program for six eager Alpha aspirants has been run off during the past six weeks. At the second meeting of the Sphinx Club, which was organized on February 5th, the Sphinx members had the honor of being addressed by Brother D r . Callis, Chicago's most distinguished founder and ETA CHAPTER, brother. Dr. Callis spoke on "The History of Alpha Phi Alpha." Not only was the talk instructive to the N e w York City pledgees, but it was highly enjoyed by the Theta men Greetings from Eta: who were present. T h e meeting was closed quite fittingly with the Alpha Phi Alpha hymn. Led by More than sixty brothers packed the meeting rooms Brother Wm. Gordon, who plays the piano, sings, of the chapter house and sent the first meeting of dances, or what you will, pledgees and brothers' the new year over the top with a bang. blended their voices with much andante and fortissimo. Business was begun with the election of officers. No ill effects have been reported from this incident. Attorney Ralph Mizelle was elected President on the The history of Alpha Phi Alpha was followed upon fifth ballot of a much heated contest. The other offiMarch 0th by a sketch of Theta's history. Brother cers elected were: Brothers Myles Paige, Vice PresiDr. Nelson Glover, for many years a burden carrier dent ; Claude Ferebee, Secretary ; Walter Scott, Treasurer ; Maurice Moore, House Manager; Rev. Mar- in Theta Chapter, talked to the pledgees about Theta's formation and subsequent growth. Dr. Glover, in sball Shephard, Chaplain; and Richard Thomas, his talk, stressed the fact that Theta men have' alChapter Editor. ways been willing to help each other and to emphaBrother M izelle, a former overseas lieutenant, began size internal rather than external phases of fraternity his administration with the old armv punch and effilife. ciency. On this occasion the pledgees were given an opporBrother James Fladger came back from the conventunity to show what they had learned about Alpha Phi tion bubbling over with praise for the Mid-West. Alpha Chapter locations. Several of the men gave a Incidentally, he's a Mid-Western man. one hundred per cent recitation, while the others did Brother Macro Smith, manager of the basketball marly as well. team, succeeding Brother Frank Hailstolk, who inIn order that the pledgees might retain the significant troduced the idea here at Eta, has rounded out a fine points in Dr. Callis' speech, they had been instructed Playing machine. Our first game this season was won by the committee to take notes on the talk. The comby a much heavier and seasoned Omega Psi aggregamittee was well satisfied when each man read an outtion. Our next attempt on the court will be against line that covered Dr. Callis' talk very thoroughly. Howard University. If confidence means anything, At the close of the meeting the men were presented tin- game is already cinched for Alpha. with Sphinx G u h Buttons. In a brief but appropriate The members of the team are Brothers Richard statement Dr. Glover explained the significance of the Harvey, Captain; Prank 1'ollitt, Quentin Hand, A. buttons and the spirit which the Sphinx Club men Hunt, Howard Dash, William Cornish, Theodore must show while wearing the emblem. Henderson and William Saunders, John lohnson and On March 21st another meeting of the Sphinx Club Richard Thomas. will be held, probably the last Sunday gathering of Brother Dr. I. McCown. from Ohio State Univ< the men before the initiation on the 37th. Brother -rsity, has made Harlem his home and is the newe t Attorney Editor Brown will talk to the pledgees about addition to the chapter house. In fact, he came in the general officers and their administration. No one along witli the new wall paper. is in closer touch with the general organization than Our social committee headed by Brother Harold Brother Brown and we are looking forward to his Jackman has been making elaborate plans for our remarks with interest. spring hop. Don't be surprised to be invited to the March 21st to 27th has been designated by the ChapBiltmore or Plaza some time this Spring. ter as "torture week" for the pledgees. T h e candiFraternally, dates. who will then he free from classes and studies, (Signed) RICK T H O M A S . will be corraled at the Chapter house. Then the hungry brothers who have been gnashing their teeth and foaming at the mouth will be unchained and the THETA CHAPTER, slaughter will be on. In our next letter we will report those yearlings who have survived. Chicago, 111. Theta is pleased to announce the affiliation of several brothers from other chapters. Among these are BROTHERS IN A L P H A P H I A L P H A , Greetings: Brother A. L. Jackson from Chi, a welcome addition After making its bow in the recent pages of T i n ; to the house; Brother C. B. Andrews from Alpha Pi. S P H I N X , the new administration at Theta swung into and Brother Curry from Tau. action like a well drilled company front. Indeed Capt. ^ >rus and his lieutenants are "dressing Theta's line" Theta is also proud to announce the debut of severely. For example, note that chapter meetings Brothers Chauncey Jones and Judge J. Jones as pronow being on time. This statement may not seem prietors and partners of a handsome new drug store startling, but Brother Wni. Gordon, our historian, has at 57th and State Streets. These two brothers have thumbed far hack into Theta's dusty files without presented the south section of the city with a spacious a "-'ail, trying to find a similar record. well-appointed establishment, a store which will be a credit to the community. Brother Judge J. and Not only has punctuality become a virtue, but comBrother Chauncey express their appreciation "of the mittees are functioning. For instance, the long ensupport which has been given them by fraternity men tombed Executive Committee has unswathed its in the city. bandages and is now shouting, " W e want work!" Naturally such requests are not ignored. The many friends of Brother Dr. Greer will be surprised to learn that he is now located in Rock Island in a word, Theta is at work窶馬ot 100 per cent perla 111. Brother Dr. Cooper, former national treasurer Ps, hut at least straining toward the goal. With a and long associated at 51st and State Street with' running start and no handicaps the chapter should Brother Greer, is reported to have said: "State mpke a good race in 1926, Street will still be here, Charley, if you ever decide Most of our attention just now is centered upon the


Tfie S p h i n x , A p r i l , 1 9 2 6

to return." Dr. Greer's rejoinder was that "that was smile consolation, too." No mere sentence can adequately dispose of the news about Brother Dr. Tarkington, tooth yanker from Northwestern, 1925. It seems that "Tark" became surfeited with Chicago's rude manners and plebian conduct. Looking around then for a more cultured community, no more ideal spot was accessible than the beautiful suburb of Evanston. Here Dr. " T a r k " has opened a gold coast dental parlor where his services a r e supposedly worth their weight in gold. At any rate the doctor is dressing for the part; for he recently appeared in a blue serge such as had never been worn in Theta's house. It is said that the tailor who fitted him would be insulted if anyone offered to pay for a suit upon delivery. Dr. Tark is "too hot" for Theta. We'll have to move him over into Xi Lambda! We arc informed that Brother R. A. Harewood, our former president, is now taking his bar examinations. His degree, it is reported, will be deferred until June. No doubt Brother Richard with a bar certificate in his pocket will feel vastly more important when lie is handed his sheepskin. Three of Theta lights, Brothers Franklin, Robb and Curry, participated in a debate held by the Inter Collegiate Club in the city. Of course, Theta's representatives were successful窶馬eed that be written? We congratulate the pastor and the lawyer for teaming so well together. Of course you know that Brother Franklin is a "theolog." The most important event to take place in the near future is the Alpha Phi Alpha Formal, which will probably be a brilliant after Easter Event. The next letter to tiie S P H I N X will tell you all about it. Fraternally, SuMNKR T . BOHEE,



NU CHAPTER, Lincoln University, P a . BROTHERS I N A L P H A P H I A L P H A ,


Some say that spring is the most joyful season of the year. Everyone and everything seems to be full of vitality and happiness. Nature is in her most gorgeous array at this time, and no one can afford to be sad or pensive. Perhaps these are some of the reasons why all the members of Nu seem to he possessed with the spirit of happiness and contentment. Results from mid-year examinations were issued a few weeks ago, and we find that all tht> brothers were quite successful. More than half were included among the honor students. This is a record that any chapter may be proud tツォi accomplish. The closing of the mid-year examinations, however, left us with one regret. It saw the departure from us of Brother George Calloway, who finished his course here at Lincoln and was awarded his A.B. degree. Brother Calloway came to Nu two years ago from Eta chapter. While at Eta he was a member of Columbia's football eleven, and after coming to Lincoln he maintained his reputation as a player. For two years Brother Calloway played guard on Lincoln's eleven, and for two years he was awarded ail-American honors. All of Brother Calloway's opponents will attest to his ability and worth. To show our appreciation of Brother Calloway, Nu held a smoker in his honor the night before he left. This smoker caused us to he filled with more of the real Alpha spirit than at any previous time in the year. We left more imbued and more in love with Alpha than ever. Plans are now being formulated for a great Go-ToHigh School, Go-To-tollege movement. W e plan to put on a movement that will lie truly beneficial to those in our own and neighboring vicinity. To execute

these plans Brother Daniel Wilson lias been selected as chairman of the campaign. Assisted by an efficient corps of aids, we feel that he will put the movement over in Alpha style. In planning for the future of the chapter, we have formed a Sphmx Club, consisting of eighteen of the finest young men of the campus. Each man is representative of some field of endeavor, and we feel that in the near future they will make splendid Alpha P h i Alpha men. These men already seem to possess the spirit. Nu wishes the best of luck to all chapters through out the fraternity. Fraternally yours, J A M E S (). HOPSON,

Editor in XI







As the sun in its journey northward approaches t h e spring equinox in intermittent showers of light so does Xi Chapter approach its meridian of achievements and fraternal development through occasional spouts of glorious enthusiasm and spirit, and one more in a halo of good will greets its fellow chapters Much enthusiasm is being manifested in the coming Go-To-High School, Go-To-College movement I v the Brothers to put over a program that will excel theones of the past. As usual, the member of Xi are in the leading ratfes ot all the campus activities. Brothers Bean, Clar. 窶「 and Jordan have been elected to work with the debating team this year. Alpha Sigma Chapter please take notice, for these Brothers are fully capable of representing the Gold and Green. Howard's powerful basketball team met with defeat i ? T \ r l n ? S ツー,f t h e " F o r c e " machine on Monday night March 8th, largely through the fine playing of Brothers Evans and Redden. T h e "Bisons" were strongly represented with five Brothers, including the coach Brothers Burr, Lawton (captain), Washington, Meroney and Wright. Xi Chapter feels proud of Brothers Buchannan and Cal en who have been elected to the leadership o f the football and basketball teams, respectively. Congratulations are also in order for Brother President Fairfax, manager of the 1926 football team, and Brother l arke, leader of the "Force" track team. T.te Sphinx Club, twenty-six strong, rendered a fine program at Galloway Hall, Sunday night March 14. which was enjoyed by all present. Xi Chapter closes in expressing the desire that all he chapters work wholeheartedly in putting over a bigger and better Go-To-High School, Go-To-College campaign. TED THOMPSON,






University of P i t t s b u r g h , P i t t s b u r g h , P a . Greetings


We are expecting big things in the way of accompishments from the new regime headed bv Brother Wilton W . Jackson, formerly of Tau. H e was elected by a large majority and the cooperation of t h e brothers is assured. Since the coming of Brother Jackson to University of Pittsburgh Dental School, '27. and Omicron he has been active both on the campus and fraternally. [Thei other electee offices are ably filled by Reginald Talbot Vice President; Arthur T. Crockett, Secret a r y ; Attorney Richard Jones. Treasurer; J Pedro

T h e S p h i n x April, 1926 Howell, financial secretary; Rufus Baxter, sergeanta t - A r m s ; Your Humble Servant, S P H I N X Editor. Brothers Crockett, Howell and Baxter were elected by the unanimous choice of the chapter. There is a fatal contagious malady present on our campus. It seems to affect the dental students most. Just why they are more susceptible is not known. Maybe it is just a common idiosyncrasy among them. Someone has called this disease, "That Thing Called Love." Brother Lee S. Cowan, premier clash man and senior dent, announces that he has been marfied to Miss Larue Reid since September, 1925. Durmg the holidays Bro. Gerald Allen, law, and Miss Inez Winston were wed. Another brother, who was mentioned in the December number as on the band wagon, has also succumbed, I understand. Alpha Phi Alpha is the only colored fraternity 'ecognized at Pitt. Therefore every brother should have an added interest in his scholastic standing. This l a n d i n g is calculated from the marks of all the brothers in the institution and each recognized fraternity is rated accordingly and published in "The I il{ Weekly." There is little anxiety concerning the money representing our building fund, which is deposited in the Steel City Bank. The bank examiners have closed its doors, but I believe everyone will be paid dollar for d .liar. It is worthy of mention that when the dean of the dental school saw fit to appoint the most efficient seniors to a clinic in the Y. W . C. A., he named only Alpha Phi Alpha men. •'"-other Wilbecan, formerly of Eta, comes to Pitt Widely heralded as a track "demon. H e is training sincerely and I know he will make good. H e is quite a sheik, too. Yea, fellows, he shows good judgment, too. The rushing committee reports that thirty some m " i think they should be brothers. From the way hr "thers discuss the matter five will be lucky to get through. Also we intend raising the initiation fee. At a meeting held at the Y. M. C. A. hut on the campus each prospective pledge was given an opportunity to t( :ll why he thought he should be an Alpha Phi Alpha brother. The meetings have been rather quiet here recently. * es > you know Dr. Wooten, or rather Brother Vvooten, has been absent. Brother Jack Smith doesn't look the same since "Little Egypt" went to Chi-town. pay. "Snake," you have my sympathy. I remember •"eluding myself in the list of brothers capable of a ° n g justice to their office". Since writing this first contribution I know the chapter made at least one ""stake at the recent election. Brother President Jackson, whose permanent home is in Washington, runs the meetings like the president of the Senate. No one ever questions the authority of Bro. Baxter, ? u r . Sargeant, because he looks kind of healthy and Resides bi s dad j s a detective. Brother "Slim" n ° w e l l , dent '27, continues to make wise cracks at the wrong time. This occurred at the close of a very technical lecture iii Ceramics. The lecturing doctor sked if there were any questions before dismissal. | '"ii, w n o bad been asleep, awoke and asked rather l ,lul * : "What time is i t ? " . ."{ell, dear readers, I know about what you are "unking, at this time. So's your wild oats. Fraternally yours. BUKHEI.L K.




RHO CHAPTER, Philadelphia, Pa. v.


' " s is station R - H - O broadcasting in Philadelphia, stung all our Alpha stations constructive advances •or !!):>(;


Bro. Walter F . Jerrick, M. D., our standard bearer (President) for five years was unanimously reelected. This was but a small manifestation of tribute to one who had served his Chapter with such intense and unselfish interest in spite of a large and exacting professional practice. Action initiated by him resulted in bringing into Rho's fold brothers who had settled in our midst and who had lost touch with Alpha. Among such were Bro. Thomas Walford Georges, M. D„ formerly of Beta; Bro. Culin Parks, D. D. S., also formerly of Beta; Mm. Robert Matthews. M. D., Beta born; Bro. Samuel G. Smith, M. D., formerly of Nu. Others are in process of re-establishing fraternal relations. In January came our belated election of new members. In the first scrimmage many were called but —alas! "Who killed Cock Robin?" W e are looking forward to initiating some worthy men. We meet late and adjourn early. A number of our members say it is impossible for them to come to meetings which begin at midnight and continue until • 3 A. M. At times it is somewhat monotonous to bring a twelve to three shift and listen to minutes and motions after doing a day's work of one sort or another; but there is a something which holds a goodly number there, because the committee which acts as host invariably must cater for 35 or 40 early "breakfasts." About two or three years ago some thoughtful brother advanced the idea of having one business and one purely social meeting each month of our year. The latter permitted the brothers to fraternize over a cup of cocoa and a sandwich or something and gave them an opportunity to get together without the care of business routine. This went along splendidly for a time when more and more business crept in until now we find ourselves spending two and a half hours for business and thirty minutes for social relaxation. W e may yet find ourselves. When we know that large corporate interests entrust the conduct of their affairs to a comparatively small board of directors how convenient would it be for us, mostly graduates, to committee of executives or an executive committee and let them conduct all routine matters, leaving such affairs as election of new members, and voting on new chapters, or making contracts with outside parties to the entire body. Or we could make our undergraduate brothers the officers and we could sit back and take notice. We are hoping for greater contact with the outside world this year. For the most part we come out of our shell at the "Go-to-High School" meeting and go back for the rest of the year. A few years ago we had a professor of sociology from the L'niversity of Pennsylvania address a meeting under our auspices at the Y. M. C. A. upon "Hayti," which started people to talking and thinking. H e did not say just the things we would have liked him to say, hut it was a start in a good direction. We should initiate the custom of a public forum with live speakers about once a month upon divers topics and no one could better organize such a move for us than Bro. Forrester B. Washington, of the Armstrong Association, and one of our recent affiliates. DICHAVEN H I N K S O X ,

329 North 40th St., Philadelphia.



University of Illinois BROTHERS IN A L P H A P H I A L P H A ,


After strenuous mid-year examinations, from which all brothers of Tau Chapter survived, we are again working hard to promote the ideals and precepts of Alpha Phi Alpha. All the brothers are glad to have Bros. McHcnry Robinson and George T. Kyle


T h e S p h i n x , April, 1 9 2 6

back into the fold. Both returned to resume their careers in the university. Brother Kyle is now working out every day on track and hopes to garner many points for Coach Gill this spring, as well as to gain a major I for himself. The chapter is very proud of his record on the track. W e regretted very much that the chapter roll had to be depleted by the leaving of Bros. Webb and Blackwell. Brother Webb left school to take a position in a Cleveland Insurance office, while Brother Blackwell left on account of sickness. Tau recently held its annual election and selected the following brothers to guide the destinies of the chapter: Bro. N . W. Hudson, re-elected President; Bro. A. W . Booker, Vice-President; Bro. V. M. Knight, Secretary; Bro. A. H . Moss, re-elected Financial Secretary; Bro. I I . Kent. Assistant Financial Secretary; Bro. McHenry Robinson. Treasurer; Bro. K. Robinson, Corresponding Secretary; Bro. Nance, Alumnaes Secretary, and the entire chapter to a man is pushing to aid them in their efforts. Tau had its Patron's and Chaperone's Day the last Sunday in February. Bvery brother and pledge visited the patrons and chaperones in scheduled groups. At each home we were served so abundantly and appetizingly until every man is now hoping and wishing for tin next Patron's and Chaperone's Day to hurry around. Three yells for our Patrons and Chaperones. The Go-To-High-School, Go-To-Collcge Committee has already started plans for our drive into the nearby towns. We plan to enter Decatur, Springfield, Peoria, Champaign and Bloomington in our efforts to encourage young men and women to continue in the pursuit of an education. Tau shall not be a weak link in the chain of chapters of Alpha Phi Alpha behind the annual educational drive. Tau is trying everything to gain our group recognition and account on the campus as well as in the community, and as one means of doing this we are i n u r i n g teams in Intra-Mutual Athletics. Our basketball team is making a steady climb for division honors with four victories and one defeat. At the present time we are tied for first place. We are interested in track and mean to bring home the bacon here, too. as well as in basketball. Bro. Kyle, who is on the varsity team, is training our men. The whole chapter is backing these two teams, financially and morally. Bro. Alpheus Booker is doing a splendid work for the chapter and Alpha Phi Alpha, as well as our race, by representing us on the Inter-racial Committee, on the Campus. Bro. Booker has done much persona! work on the campus in order to break down prejudice and make it possible for our group to share privileges on the campus accorded other students. Tau is proud of Bro. Addison C. Mosely, who finished his career at Illinois, as an undergrad, in February. He is now entered in the Graduate School where he is continuing his study of general business. Bro. Mosely lias always been one of the beacon lights of the chapter, and the brothers are certainly proud of his achievements. He is now a B. S. in Commerce. and while an undergraduate, was a member of the Commerce and Spanish Clubs. Ben Mosclv's connections at Tau have been those of a true Alpha Phi Alpha brother. May 16 has been set for our annual spring prom and this year's plans bid fair to pass everything previous. Bro. Moss is chairman of social the committee and has almost exclusive charge of the affair, and we all know Bro. Moss' ability along these lines. Then comes June and commencement, and for the last time Bros. Hudson, Moss, Kyle, Mosely and Nance will tread the walks of Illinois campus as under grads. Tau will bold a symposium March 27, in honor of its founder's day. Tau. with her great efforts, wishes to make Alpha Phi Alpha the light of the world. VIRGII.





M e h a r r y Medical College a n d Fish University BROTHERS I N A U - H A P H I A L P H A ,


Under the leadership of our able and energetic resident, Brother M. L. Owens, we are making steady progress with a spirit of increased and expansive activity and effectiveness. Brother Owens h a s a way of doing things that not only is appealing but s also productive, so look out for Chi. The brothers tee) that: ,n a measure we could express our sincere •P ; e , ation for the splendid service of our ex-president, Brother J. J. McClendon, in n o better way than 1 5 electing Brother Owens as his successor.

t „ f V , ? 1 1 " ' ' " c " n V H , t i t i v t ' examinations were insti-, u a ; , a s , l h c b a s i s '<"' *« selection of in-

\h,t i"" 4 H 1 , l W , a r d Hospital. Standing high among thos! selected up,,„ the results of these examinations C i L , M ! C , E - D i l k r d ' A ' P - L- K » " « a » d U- GUibson, the two last named brothers resigning in order to accept positions in other hospitals mot. I t h f ° l , r S p h i n x Club here at Chi would T " ' e r y brother feel proud. The members of that body recently entertained the brothers in the chapter •'• ! •">•'«' me to say that the program was right there. 'K> tun the gauntlet of music, interspersed with bits ' - > r y and pleasing dramatic art. T h e following H R w-i Membership into the Sphinx Club: I Mill, T ° p a n c d • r " 1 " ^ ' Reynolds, of Fisk, and O. of S ' iV Spillman and S. Crawford DePriest, ot Meharry Medical College. a S h V n«"n,5 f „ a ? i t s w i t h k<-'™ anticipation the 'V-'-i' T I " i i~°llHT J ' M a c k Williams' latest proL W l a 1 ' 1 C / a m b a r , ' a n P r i " c ^ sequel to the King of SCaS •V'w , ' t • ° " S m u s , c a I c o m c d > ' access. The of I ;;" '," c " m > , o s e d o f many of the stars of PrinceV , r •*• , a '"- ng w , t h *Mitiona] artists not seen 1 nht : - l e f h c , ; , ' e - , B o t h e r Williams' reputation as a ; " ' ; ; ; ; 'f,ht fnd P r » d »cer assures us of a fast movS t*e S u S e s ""S"',i,S' " m , y R i r , s a n d a t t r a c T . ^ H t h T t V - 1 M c C l e n * > n chairman of our Gowell ,. ' G ' - X ^ ' l l c g e champaign we might 11 add successful effective results at the end right sir II '' h l 1 ; ' S n ' g h t t h e r t with the goods, and we shell present the results next time. 1 he lollowmg brothers are candidates for degrees e- Nnrmnn V J\V" C W l l s o " . W . M. Springranco M r r d c C - , H ^ L ' Carpenter, B. V. BaR Sm,th Mc(",'v ' F - G ' Scott a » d Frank W• ^ S ^ V - B r o t h f r s J- F elton Brown, C. J. W a l 'Knot T 1 M % E Wright, C. F. U w i s , A. P . J J Dilla d ' ' M c C l e n d o n . U. G. Gibson and C. E. Un D v" h shi, , s h e t . r e C C f n !, R a m e b e t w c e n F i s k ™* Howard t h II v Z Z f o l I l T " K b r o t h ^ s were visitors on U w t , v . ? C a m i r , C n a c h J o b n B u r r . Capt. Bill feXW - W * * « « brothers V a s h I I - brothers in the Pharmaceutical Department arc rnattef of „ s t a n d a r d s <!f Alpha Phi Alpha. As a n personal mention Brother I. I. Jones is - ' •• i n w ° / U r S n ' V " * ™ " * with a general Brome- ' P . ' : B r ° t h e r F - W - Williams, 92?, i Mr miald \ L S T ' " V 6 * • B r o t h e r s Wilkerson, a r e ho,di h'«>n,. .n a, ., espons.bihty 1 H - K , " " ain " their " R P ° s iclasses. "u"s " f and respective

Chi Chapter, a t Fisk v









P " « n t e d at Fisk u J

T h e S p h i n x April, 1926 conceded to be only a matter of time, inasmuch as w newly-elected President and the Trustee Board re highly in favor of radical changes in the policy of the institution in the not distant future. Fraterninr 1 ? " ! S O r ° r l t i c S a r e a p a r t oi t n e recommendations ,v,^ trustee board by the present interim committee. ' h e members of Alpha Phi Alpha at Fisk are all "embers of Chi Chapter. This arrangement will conbsSI l " n ' ' t , 1 C c s t a hh'shment of a chapter at that nil'U|tl0n' These members are all men of merit, l'i, 1 selection has been along the most stringent ncs. E v e r y m e m b e r o f A , p h a p ^ j A , p h a a t p i s k » a shining light in his particular field. Brother C. arner Lawson is president of the Mozart Choral na , ' e t y ' a n d m a n a g e r of the basketball team for the of t - S e a s o n - .Brother W m . F . McKinney is manager the debating society, a varsity debater, assistant e l e c t T ° f t h e A t l l ! e t i c Association, and managerHe rl°u l ' l e c o " e g e paper for next year. Brother j j r r i ? W a r d i s treasurer of the Athletic Association. quart ^ a r l H o r t o n > a n honor student for the first Br H r ' ' S a ' t e r n a t e on the varsity debating team. ''.'trier George \Y. Streator is president of the de' '"g society, a varsity debater and president of the £ , 2 7 " C , u b - Brothers John Leary, Walter AdS i E d w a r d Brown and Robert Walker served effintly on the basketball squad and are expected to ma instays on the baseball team. Brother B. E. c c a l T ° r m a n a * e s 'he New York Melody Boys, a musiP«n g 8 r e 8 a t i o n of young college men that has had ext e n t success in these parts. A, sett l'lia Phi Alpha men at Fisk University are a n | B a ! l l g l 1 standard of scholarship and deportment ' are imbued with the spirit that an Alpha Phi m a n m u s t nlen-t and 'h'' honors that come to him not secure them through political machinations. Fraternally yours, HENRY E.







demonstrated his caliber by joining the S. A. T. C , he was honorably discharged from this organization. but continued his studies at that institution. "Frenchie" soon became one of the most popular men on the campus in all phases of his college activities. He was a member of the Dunbar literary club, serving as its president on one occasion. Brother Gibson was perhaps one of the most outstanding baseball players during his career at Fisk. H e won three letters in baseball, and was captain of the team in his senior year; a member of the college orchestra and a trackman. Brother Gibson starred in his scholastic as well as in athletics receiving his A. B. degree with major work in Chemistry in V.):ll. He entered Meharry Medical College in the fall of 192S and his ability as a student and gentleman attracted members of the chapter. He continued to win the plaulits of his fellow men and in the spring of 1923 crown his achievements by gaining entrance into Alpha Phi Alpha. Brother Gibson represents that type of Alpha Phi Alpha man with a spirit of "never say die." A summary of his activities here at Meharry could well be a source of inspiration to many of us already on the bond. As a member of the Glee club; the first interfraternal basket ball and has; hall teams and as a star on Chi's championship team of 1924-25, he was invaluable. Scholastically, Brother Gibson has attained honor standing for the entire four years spent at Meharry. In the recent competitive examinations for internship at the Hubbard Hospital he was chosen to serve as interne, but resigned his appointment in order to accept the place of junior interne in the St. Louis Hospital No. 3, to which he goes July 1, next. I hi Chapter shall miss his spirit and enthusiasm and it is with a degree of reluctance that we see him depart. We congratulate Alpha Phi Alpha upon having Brother Gibson as one of her members; we predict unbounding successes crowned with the satisfaction and glory that comes with achievement for our Brother Gibson.



University of Pennsylvania



C Q Chapter presents the above likeness of Brother B r t , r a n t Gibson, more popularly known as "Frenchie." Glhson Gibs 's the son of Rev. and Mrs. D. B. B e a . , J n ' a,lt > hails from the lonestar state, city of n t train; ° Brother Gibson received his high school • ™g at Charleston High School of that city. Dur"f a i g h s c h " " ' c a r e " l i c w o n t h e reputation At rtj° athlete, clean sportsman and good student pj s . ,. c '."npletiun of his high school work he entered University in the fall of WIS. Here again he

BROTHERS IN ALPHA PHI ALPHA. Greetings: ' Psi chapter has made finite an auspicious start towards making this year one of our banner years. The chapter decided to place the governing forces in the hands of its student body. Bro. W m . H . W a r rick, a senior in the medical school, was appointed president; Bro. Clarence D. Leigh, of the Wharton School of Finance, was elected vice-president; Bro. Leigh is one of our most active under-grads, and also stands very high in the opinion of our brothers. Bro. James H. Atkins, Jr., a sophomore in the dental school, was elected to the positions of corresponding and financial secretary. Our minutes will be kept by Bro. Thomas Williston, a bright young sophomore, who stands fairly high in opinion of the fair sex. The doors of our gathering place will be faithfully guarded by "Sergeant-at-Arms" Gaudy, a wellknown figure in society and around the campus. Bro. Gaudy is a senior in the dental school, and shows all prospects for a successful future. Bro. Dr. Hamilton was elected treasurer. For several years. Dr. Hamilton has been a most ardent worker for Alpha. H e has set an example of regularity in all chapter activities that has made him one of our most admired and dependable brothers. It is without question that he has truly been termed "one of Psi's pillars." Our several committees are hard at work, carrying out the extensive programme that our brothers have planned. The house committee, headed by Bro. Dr. Barnes, has formulated a high plan which spells undoubted


T h e S p h i n x , April, 1926

ruccess for our chapter in procuring a house. T o .his end. I'si expects to have the full co-operation of cve.y brother. Dr. Barnes is regarded as one of the (st physicians and surgeons in the state. H e is not )uly a leader in his profession but also he is one of our outstanding men. H e is assisted by such men :.s Bro. Lawyer Raymond, Pace Alexander and Bro. E C. Wright. Bro. Alexander has attained national ecognition as an Alpha man, while Bro. E. C. Wright -s regarded a s one of Philadelphia's financial wizards. For several years Bro. Wright has been in charge of >ne of our local banks and his advice along monetary problems is regarded by everyone as a pronounced as..ct. Brothers Christmas, Burton, Minton and Miller, ire also very dependable workers on our house commi.tee. The social committee, headed by Douglass T. Murray, has given several smokers for the brothers. Bro. Murray, our former secretary, is the most active undergraduate that Psi ever liad. H e was instrumental in making our former administration a success. The success of our Relay Prom of 1925 was due to the untiring efforts of one man—Douglass T. Murray. Time and again he shouldered the burdens of Psi, and pushed the chapter forward and upward in the scale of all chapter activities. At the present time he is held very high by the administration and our president has placed some of our most urgent busii s in the hands of Bro. Murray. Very recently, Brother Murray brought a very accomplished sister into the fold of "Alpha's Sisters." The social committee is at present engaged in planning a reception for Alpha Phi Alpha during the Perm. Relays in April. W e hope to entertain all our visiting brothers who might attend the relays. As usrtal, Psi will present her usual Relay Prom. The educational committee is planning to go over ;ll lop in our next "Go-to-High School" campaign. 'I he campaign will be conducted by the boys on the ci'.mpus this year, and it is the committee's aim to carry their ideas to our young men and women in high school with force and precision. We will have no stone unturned in our efforts to show our young negro friends the importance of a higher education. The ritual committee, composed of Bros. Murray, Athius, Greene, Leigh and Warric, ex-officio, worked iiard this year. Bro. Athius. chairman of the membership committeee reported his findings to the ritual committee, headed by Bro. Murray. After careful : nsideration live men were chosen to be placed before the chapter for election. These new brothers ere deemed worthy of becoming Alpha men, and the.. were brought to "light" on March 6th. Three of our iphites are very representative men on the campus. Cur new Bro. Carson D. Bakjr has recently been chosen to represent Pennsylvania in the field of deate. Mr. Chauncey Wilson, also a recently impressed brothers, stands very high in the opinion of the faculty. He is preparing for medicine. And last, but not least, our brand new Brother lohn Baugh, 111., will ever remember the Ides of .March. Besides these undergrads, who were the choice of the campus, we initiated two graduate •olhers. Bro. Dr. Lofton was added to our roll rnd he is without a doubt one of those who will really .'.•serve the name of active graduate brother. Bro. : has. F. White had it very soft. He entered Alpha v/ith very little punishment. The chapter expects this :iew brother to prove his worth to Alpha. He is a Member of the Penn. State athletic board and is ::nown throughout the state as an authority in his particular line of sports. He is a graduate of Penn. \ a w School. At the close of school this year. Psi expects to send seven brothers into the world, who will n > doubt r.erve humanity in many ways. Bro. Warrick will ••raduate from the medical school. He shows every 'indication of being the type of physician who will

serve his people with the utmost dispatch and sense of duty. The dental school has four men in the senior class. In the near future, these good brothers will take up the practice of dentistry in such a manner that their value to humanity will be unquestionable. They are Brothers Bragg, Greene, Batey and Gaudy. From the college, Bros. Perry and Winston will reflect the greatness of Penn., and it is expedient to say that their records have always been very high. The rest of our brothers on the campus are striving hard to keep aloft the traditions Alpha men have made at Penn. Our brothers in the various walks of life are also laboring to bring new laurels to Alpha and negro humanity. It is without ego that 1 say that the leading enterprises th oughout Philadelphia and the stale are headed or conducted by A.pha men, and Psi is strong arcong the leaders Psi wishes her sister chapters and the officers oi the general organization a in ist successful an.I nappy year. Let us all co-ope ate rnd strive c . ue.r.l. t> keep the light of the world high and bright. Fraternally Yours, JAMES H. A T K I N S .


and Chaplcr


ALPHA-BETA CHAPTER, Tailadega College, Talladega, Ala. I io*fHERS ix ALPHA P H I ALPHA, Greetings: We have just been relieved of the tension of t h e second term examinations. W e are on the homeward c:retch looking lorwa.d to the "Go-to-High School, Co-to-Collcge" Campaign and to closing our college ; ar in "high." The returns from the first term exams r.iowed that Alpha Beta had a mean average of 1.6 1 >ints, while the other fraternity group counted 1.4. 'l he college scholastic requirement for fraternity men i.. 1.5 points. W e are certain that the next returns v.ill show an increase in our average. This year Knoxville and Morehouse will meet all/ 'i ha teLms in our annual intercollegiate forensic c'ash. The 'varsity team consists of four stahva.t i_ emosthenians— C. C. H . Patrick, A. D. Shores. N.. E. Wills and C. L. Sharpe. Brother Shores is pros.(1 tit of our Chapter. Brother Patrick is a veteran , ora last year. Of the others, let time measure their prowess. Our basketball team, with Brothers Lockhart, Dixon end Carey in stellar positions, closed its season o n . ebruary 6. Pledgee E. T. Trimble as manager cared • >r the campaign in fine style. Brother Wallace Lewis is anticipating a brilliant ceason for the baseball team. He also has the very : P irtant position of manager. Brother G. Hubert Lockhart, with his wide e x perience as a mound monarch, is helping out wonder. ally as an assistant coach. The Sphinx Club is a wide-awake bunch under the leadership of Pledgee M. T. Alexander. They are planning a "hot" social event for March 19. They a r e ; ppreciating more and more the position which they > ild as members of the Sphinx Club. Our Valentine Dinner in Foster Hall, February ' 3 , was a modest affair, but we were able to have cur fair ones dine with us at the festival of Cupid. (Bye the bye. the darts of that infant god continue to iiy hither and thither among the brothers, making, ' reaking, or poisoning as Mis Sacred Whim would i ave it.) On that same evening Brother Tourgee DeBose of r,ta Lambda, director of the Department of Music, ' 'alladega College, gave a most artistic and refined ecital in the DeForest Chapel. Since I am not by : ny means a connoisseur in music, I refrain from r.peaking of technique and those other things. But, !ake it from me, the recital was highly classical and greatly enjoyed by all.

T h e S p h i n x April, 1 9 2 6

After the recital, Graduate Brother Joseph Fletcher most royally entertained at his home all the fraternity men on the campus by way of a collation in honor of Brother DeBose. Every one testified that the event was the best ever. On February 20, Alpha Beta was guest at a surprise Birthdav Party for our dearly beloved Brother Dr. E. H . Jones. A regular he-man's stag with song and merriment was the order of the day. I say, old chap, if you were at one time a member o ( Alpha Beta, and if you have not secured a transfer, kindly let us know your whereabouts. \ \ e have an excellent Correspondence Committee who would be glad to look you up. Just here we sorrowingly announce the death of Brother Jackson C. Davis. T h e news of his demise was a severe shock to all of us. W e loved him because he bore the true mark of Alpha and because he was a charter member of our Chapter. The loss is for all of Alpha Phi Alpha to bear. Yours in fraternal bond, A L P H A BETA C H A P T E R , P e r CLARENCE L. S H A R P * .



University of Southern California BROTHERS IN A L P H A P H I A L P H A ,


Alpha Delta Chapter sends greetings. W e find ourselves, at this writing, looking ahead and planning for the annual Educational Campaign which is not very many days hence. W i t h the Campaign Committee already chosen, including Bros. Danley (chairman), A. Ald'ridge and Dr. Greene. Alpha Delta looks forward to the greatest campaign success Ml its history. . On the roll of Alpha Delta Chapter is a brother who is respected very highly by its members. Hits respect has been warranted by the progressiveness ot this individual, together with his modest personality. Brother Thomas Reid, of a respected family, graduated from Manual Arts H i g h School ot W s Angeles in June, 1921. H e matriculated in the University of Southern California in the fall ot MWi. Brother Reid's undergraduate work was pursued in the department of History, receiving the degree 01 A. B. in June, 102.1. Brother Reid's entire university career called for courage and hard work as government employment demanded eight of his extracurricula hours. . , , i u-r, Realizing the urgent need for racial leadership. Brother Reid registered in the Graduate School o t his alma mater and is now a candidate .tor t h e degree of M. A. T h e subject of his thesis is I h e w e gro Problem in South Africa." which wi 1 u n doubtedly be of great interest when completed. Fraternally, ARTHUR E. PRINCE.



to S P H I N X .


University of California firing a mold which augurs j c K l h l cation future. That Alpha's aims a ml t h ose i will be pushed to the topmost hejghte ^ ^ old> No* that the time tor appeal to y o u r * n totl»y0^tofollo:r:to^otdtos^P^^Ma Wt mav well take inventory ot what i a > 1 base on which to hu.ld. Achiever, e t . * £ heralded, have been rife ....every K »f ^ and with our ever i n C W t * * Alu.n.n. .Ml


Alpha is coming to assume her place to the fore in line of progress. Much has been contributed, especially in the fields of Law, Medicine. Sociology, Economics and Athletics. All brothers gave, some old, some new, some visiting, and some pledges, each in his field, with progress at heart, and the light of Alpha to guide. Outstanding figures in these pursuits are Brothers Attorney W . A. Gordon, Attorney H . L. Richardson. Dr. A. O. Newman, Dr. Richmond. Dr. Stuart Davidson. G. M. Johnson, A. B . ; Ivan Johnson, I I I ; R. C. Francis, and others not included for want of space alone. Direct educational work of the Chapter now centers on our "Go-to-High School, Go-to-College" drive. which, due to the early closing of our institution. must anticipate the National Campaign. Needless to say, the results obtained redound in Alpha's favor. The best to all Chapters leaves us with a willingness to try. and a desire to do more, that Alpha Phi Alpha may be we!! supported. Fraternally, ASSOCIATE EDITOR TO T H E S P H I N X .



I o w a City, I o w a BROTHERS IN A L P H A P H I A L P H A ,


Alpha Theta mourns the loss of Bro. T. H . B . Dejoie of New Orleans, La., who received his degree from the College of Pharmacy here. Bro Dejoie has returned to New Orleans, where he intends to take the state board examination and then enter the pharmaceutical world. All Alpha Theta wishes Bro. Dejoie much SUCCe! s. Bro. O. T . Roberts is still burning the cinder path at Iowa and every day he is expected by his numerous and loyal supporters to crack dash records. In the Iowa-Wisconsin meet Roberts was high point with 10 point- to his credit. In the Iowa-Illinois meet Roberts ran the 50-yard dash in :O5 4-10 seconds, and the 440 in :.">(> S-10 seconds. In the coming Indoor Keiav Carnival held at Illinois Bro. Roberts will run second leg on the Iowa mile relay team. Bro. Moody is still training diligently for track and Alpha Theta expects great things from him when the outdoor season opens. Not only is Alpha Phi Alpha represented on the track at Iowa City, hut on the gridiron as well. Pro. I. W. Wilson, a well built ISO-pounder, is holding down an end position on the first varsity eleven dining Spring practice. From reliable sources about the campus comes the mysterious word- that Coach Ingeversen says he's the best out." All Alpha Theta is 100 per cent behind their stalwart athletes. Probation week is just about to break loose at Alpha Theta and the pledges are getting in a good suppl] of puddles, barrels and salt water. The salt water puzzles some of our pledges, but they arc going to school because tluy do not know quite everything. hence this is some more knowledge added to their stored amount. Since the mid-year exams worries are history, study is as hard as ever, members of Alpha Theta are building air castles a- to where to spend the Spring vacation. But day by day each brother is gradually coming to the conclusion Iowa City isn't such a bad place, SO most of us have decided to stick around. The intelligent man always looks forward to the future. SO, brothers, pardon the bouquets, but Alpha Theta is looking forward and planning future events. \\'e intend to push the annual Go-To-High School. Go-to-College Campaign to the utmost this year, and make it the most successful in our history. Also as a minor we are planning our first big Spring Party.


T h e S p h i n x . April. 1926


We shall let you know later. Fraternally yours, KENNETH WHEELER,





Springfield, Mass. At this time, we wish to extend our belated, but wholehearted congratulations to the re-elected and to the newly elected General Organization officers. With men of such excellent ability, we cannot but look forward to a bigger and better fraternal year. We shall endeavor to aid in making this a bigger and better fraternal year, by cooperating with the Genera! Officers and the other chapters. With the shoulders of all to the wheel, we are bound to go forward rapidly. During the cold and dreary winter months, we here in frigid New England were not totally idle. On February 20th the chapter gave a closed informal bouse party at the home of one of the brothers. Guests were present from all of the large cities in the East. Sidelights on the party: Bro. "Ed Guich" Parris, the Harlemite, was the life of the party. Bro. "Bob" Custis, the Brooklynite, was the confidante of all the dames. Bro. President " N a p " Dotson was busy doling out his hookless line to a "heavy college woman." Bro. "Doug." Stubbs, the Big Chief from Indian town, took the city by storm. Bro. Price decorated the wall as usual. Mason, Jr., Millender and Waller, striving on to see that pure and celestial light, which thus far is completely concealed, saw a reflection of it in the eyes of the fair damsels and were dazzled. Tims endeth the party and with our friend Shakespeare we say, "All's well that ends well." But in order not to give you the impression that all of our activities are social, we cite individual and chapter activities. At Springfield College : Bro. "Chan" Jackson placed second in the final of the "300" yard dash at the recent Intercollegiate meet at the college. Bro. Gilliam and Dotson were members of the championship soccer team. Bro. Green was a member of the football team. At Amherst College: Bro. Thomas is a prospective member of the tennis team. Brothers Parris, Custis and Price are scholarship holders. The chapter at tin's writing is on a firmer internal basis than ever before in its history. All of the brothers are determined that we shall attempt to get the "cups" this year. While we do not desire to arouse the enmity of the other chapters, they had better watch their step, for we are out for blood. Onward and upward we go. Yours for a more powerful Alpha Phi Alpha. ALPHA-KAPPA.


At our first regular meeting in March we voted on six pledges. These men have been under constant surveillance tor from OIK- semester to two years, and we are convinced that they_are built of Alpha Phi Alpha material. Ordinarily such a meeting is the scene of long extended deliberation and debate, but in this case business went over like clock-work. Vim see, Davis and Lee, two hard-cooked Alpha Phi Alpha men from down Fast, head our Rushing Committee and when a chap gets the C). K. of this combination Alpha Mu throws her arms open. By the time this goes to press these neophytes will have seen the light. So this information is not premature. Brothers Jourdaine and Grider were hosts at our last meeting, and these hoys laid down one luscious peach of a luncheon. Brother C. H. Wilson, our re-elected president, is a senior in the School of Music. H e give.; his senior recital on April S. on which nigh; he plans to entertain the chapter in what will be our first social function of the Spring. Brothers S. B. Taylor, J. P. Brawley and W . H. Bolton are making good in their first year as instructors at Clark University, At the time of this writing Brother Taylor is in Chicago wo.king in interest of a new athletic field and stadium at Clark. Brother Carl Robinson, a recent g.aduate of Northwestern School of Music, is teaching in Gary, Indiana. The writer has inside dope to the effect that he is one of the most popular teachers in that system. Robinson recently returned from an extensive concert tour in the South, on which he played many of his own compositions. Brother Jourdaina is registering noteworthy progress with the Chicago Defender. He has recently been placed at the head of the telegraphic department for that publication. Jourdaine is a product of Harva d School of Business Administration andx the Medill School of Journalism. Brother 1. z : er, as many of you know already, is connected with Lincoln State Hank. H e heads the new business department. It is fortunate for Rozier that he makes his debut in business in this field of banking, for the new business department in banks is a brain-child of recent birth that offers unlimited opportunity for the application of higher learning to the growing economic needs of the community. It is a source of substantial encouragement to see so many of our men placed succrss fully in the lines of their specialty. The writer foresees an increasing helpfulness to the race on the part of such scientifically trained business nun in our ranks. The commendable manner with which they are taking up their work, and their honest and effective meeting of modern competition play important roles in stabilizing the economic position of the colored business man in the affairs of the world. These considerations show how important for the future of the race is the union of culture, integrity and e.xpertness which our students of business are striving to promote. After our Spring vacation our attention will again be focused on the "Go-to-High School, Go-to-College" Campaign. W e plan to make this campaign more systematic, more effective and more thoroughgoing than any that have gone before. This is logically expected, since each year we have a richer experience in this endeavor from which to work. Your fraternally, VERNON

N o r t h w e s t e r n University, E v a n s t o n , 111. BROTHERS IN A L P H A P H I A L P H A ,



for Alpha



You haven't heard from Alpha Mu in these columns this year. I would tell you who to blame for this, but I remember we don't throw stones in this publication. In the first place, it's not good "frat form," and in the next place they might have boomerang qualities.



Alpha Nu Chapter It is generally conceded that if the Negro is to take his place permanently along side other races he must make his mark in all walks of life.

T h e S p h m x , April, 1926 The subject of this sketch has moved into an untrodden field and is doing what some will tell you the Negro cannot do. Mr. David X. Crosthwait of the C. H . Dunham Heating Company of Marshalltown, Iowa, the world's largest builders and installers of heating plants, graduated from Perdue University, the department of Mechanical Engineering, in June, 1!)13, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering. In 19C0 he was granted the degree of Mechanical Engineer from that same institution, this honor coming after having proven his ability with the C. H . Lunham Heating Company over a period of years. On May 19, 1925, alter taking an examination for a mechanical engineer's reciprocal registration license, Mr. Crosthwait received from the Secretary of State of the State of Iowa his reciprocal license, which 1.censes him in every state in the Union in his chosen line As a part of his work, Mr. Crosthwait each year delivers a technical address to the combined expert ind sales fo ces of the C. H . Dunham Company at their annual meeting in Chicago, being the only expert of his race so participating. Last year, so liiuminating was his annual address to this group of experts that Mr. Crosthwait was compelled to cont.nue his discussion after his allotted two hours in a special meeting. besides head ng a department of the C. H . Dunham Company with more than a score of white a s i slants, Mr. Crosthwait travels extensively for the company as a consulting expert both in the plants of f t L. H . Dunham Heating Company scattered throughout the country and also inspecting jobs. In addition to his other numerous activities, blending that of being ('.rand Senior Warden of Iowa hriasons, and being high in lay religious activities throughout the sta.e, Mr. Crosthwait is a staunch Alpha Phi Alpha man, being actively connected with Alpha Nu C hapter of Des Moines and Ames, Iowa. C H A M . E S P . HOWARD, Correspondent to S P H I N X .






3-other Benjamin H. Crutcher is the president of / "pha Xu Chapter, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. Crtttchet received Ins degree of Bachelor of Science and Dairy Manufacturing in December. 1983, a i d is now in Iowa State College at Ames, workin; on his Master's degreeâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;majoring in Dairy Bacteriology and mtnoring in Biophysical Chemistry aid Education.


Before coming to Ames, Bro. Crutcher had completed the college course of Florida A. & M. College, at Tallahassa, Florida, and followed this up with post-graduate work in Agriculture at Tuskegee Institute. Beginning in the fall of 1921, Bro. Crutcher was Superintendent of the College of Dairying at A l corn Agricultural and Mechanical College. After teaching at Alcorn College Brother Crutcher returned to his Alma Mater, Florida A. & M., where he made a splendid record as head of the Dairy D e partment, having his department for the first time in the Florida State Fair, and receiving very high honors. All of Alpha Nu will swear by "Crutch" and great things are expected of him in the future. CHARLES P . HOWARD, Correspondent to S P H I N X .




J o h n s o n C. Smith University, Charlotte, N . C. BROTHERS IN A L P H A P H I A L P H A ,


Alpha Omicron extends to all chapters hearty wishes for a successful season and highly efficient and extensive "Go-to-High School, Go-to-College" Campaign. With the leadership of Brother A. R. Lord, Alpha Omicron is looking forward for a broad and extensive "Go-to-High School, Go-to-College" Campaign. Brother Lord has given us several suggestions, which we think will help in aiding those who are on the nigged sea of degradation, hatred, ignorance and crime to come to the shore of intelligence, unity, cooperation and culture, where there remains forever iii/ e brotherly love. We regret to state at this writing that Brother F . B. Syphax is confined to his home on account of illness. B o.her Syphax is our treasurer. W e hope that h i will s ii n recover so that he may continue to perform the duties for which Alpha Phi Alpha upholds. Alpha Omicron takes great pleasure in announcing thai two oi her brothers are members of the varsity tascball team for this season. They a r e : Brother D. P . Allen and Brother W. J. Hardy. Brother Allen and Brother Haidy are both atheletes of superior ability and we are sure that the team will have success during the season. With Brother S. C. Johnson as manager of the University Hand, we are looking forward for some ic?l ' j a z z ' for the Easter Monday baseball game ami other occasions. We are making splendid progress under the supervision of our new corps of officers. Brother W . J. Knox, our President, is working to maintain in all fields of endeavor the principles for which Alpha Phi Alpha stands. On the evening of March 12th Alpha Omicron enteitained several of the young ladies of Charlotte's A istOCiacy, along with a representative of the Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, who is a member of the faculty of Second Ward High School of the city, in an informal social at the home of Miss Harriet Taylor, one of Charlotte's most popular and talented debutantes. Miss Taylor is a recent graduate of Livingstone College, Salisbury. X. Câ&#x20AC;&#x17E; and is now a stenographer for the / i o n Publication House of the city. The decoration, which hore the Alpha colors, designed by the writer, the "Punch" and the menu and the elegant costumes of tin- young ladies aided in spending the evening in "The Garden of Eden." Little Miss Annie B. Cornelius, the niece of Brother C. L. Murphy, was attired in white. She WOW a gold C own with the inscription of Alpha Phi Alpha around her head. She was introduced to the guests as 'Miss Alpha Phi Alpha." who would have chai of serving the menu, along with her sister Miss Ber-


T h e Sphinx, Apr.], 1926

C. N . Pitts and F . G. Clark, who are ever in our midst, lending a word of advice and encouragement. Brother Dean V. E. Daniel our deliberate and far sighted advisor, is ever mindful of us. H e has done much in shaping the destiny of this chapter. Brother Professor Perry T. Johnson, of Chicago CARLTON L. M U R P H Y . Illinois, is now a member of our faculty in the extenChapter Editor. sion department of Wiley College at San Antonio, Texas. Brother Dr. O. H . Daniel was with us one day last A L P H A SIGMA C H A P T E R week. W e are glad to have Brother Dr. Daniel with us at all times because of his close relation with us Wiley College, Marshall, T e x a s in the founding of this chapter. Brother T. L. Ingram's 1'raternity Pin his disapBROTHERS I N A L P H A P H I A L P H A , Greetings: After a rather lengthy absence, Alpha Sigma wishes peared. We are inquisitive as to its whereabouts. I suppose that the chapter will have to s.t aside a to greet the Brothers again through the columns of .mill fee in order to help Brother F. P. Hodge out the Sphinx. May the inspiration received through the medium of the Sphinx arouse in us a new and as his correspondence with Dallas seems to be unusually heavy this year. more noble effort to work for Alpha in all of its Fraternally yours, undertakings for the uplift of our race, with special P. A. WADE, encouragement towards the youth of the present, who Chapter Editor. arc to be the nun and women of tomorrow, leaders of a future generation. We as Alpha men have a task of great magnitude ALPHA-PI CHAPTER, before us. Let us not gaze upon it lightly. ^ Through such agencies as our "Go-to-High School, Go-to-ColA t ' a n t a , Ga. lege Campaign," we have accomplished a commendable record in the past. Let us not be unmindful of what BROTHERS I N A L P H A P H I A L P H A , Greetings: is expected of us during the year '26. Alpha Sigma Alpha Pi is quite jubilant here of late for three realizes the necessity of being prepared to present big reasons. First, because of that constant jubilancy something worth while and constructive, something we and all true Alpha men get in working and upholdthat will uphold the lofty ideals and principles upon ing the name of Alpha Phi Alpha. which Alpha was founded. T h e effectiveness of the T h e next thing that has caused us to be so jubicampaign launched last spring is evidenced through lant was a real get-together banquet given by the the many letters received from high school principals, Eta Lambda, our mother chapter, on the night of educators and communities in various sections of the February 20. That good old Alpha spirit was evident state, ft is the aim of Alpha Sigma to make the in- in every way. fluences of the campaign felt throughout the entire Brother Williams responded to the toast " T h e southwest this spring. An adequate program is being Guiding Hand of E t a Lambda," given by Brother planned which will cover a wide range and touch David Jones. After two hours of feasting, first on many people, young and old. Such points as Dallas, most delicious food, then on spirited and heart-toHouston. Beaumont, San .Antonio, Waco, Texarkana, heart Alpha talks, each brother departed with a heart Sherman, in T e x a s ; Alexandria, New Orleans, Lake craving and bubbling over with desire and bound by Charles, in Louisiana; Oklahoma City, Guthrie, Tulsa, a most strong determination to strive and do for in Oklahoma; Little Rock, Prescott, Arkansas, and Alpha Phi Alpha. other prominent cities in the southwest. Next, brothers, the stork has recently visited usOn the night of March 11th, he brought us five baby Since our last letter to the Sphinx the following members have been initiated in Alpha. Brothers brothers, pulling, crying, wiggling with desire to do Joseph Dyer, Clifford Miller, Ben Cavil. All of these their bit in fostering the cause and ever holding aloft men were members of the varsity "Wild Cat Eleven" the name of Alpha P h i Alpha. Undoubtedly theyr last season. On February 28, 1925, we were more must have inherited that real Alpha spirit. O u than pleased to have Coach F. T. Long come into the baby brothers are Hamilton, Bush, Stanley, Peterson and Henderson. holy shrine as a graduate member. Brother Long has Baseball season has just begun. T h e team, caprendered a most efficient service for three years as tained by Brother "Rube" Montgomery, and managed Coach Director of physical training. God grant that by Brother Steele, had Brothers Henderson, Peterson he may have a long life and coniinue to render such and Pledge Brothers Canty, Watts and Barber in the a great and noble service. lineup for the first game. This team bids fair to be On February 2(1. 1926, Bishop and Wiley Colleges met in their annual forensic clash. Bishop was over- champions of this association. Alpha Pi is straining every nerve that she might whelmingly defeated by Wiley. W e are elated to know that the team was composed of Brothers W . C. be a perfect cog in the wheel of Alpha Phi Alpha Chapters; in putting over a most successful Go-toBurnett, Arthur Motley, Pledgee L. C. Thomas, with High School, Go-to-College campaign, and in every Brother C. B. Robertson as alternate. W e an- looking forward to our hrst intersectional forensic clash other worthy Alpha Phi Alpha activity. And brothers, Alpha Pi "craves" cups ! Take heed with Wilhcrforce, in which clash Brothers J. G. Theta, for we're determined that you shall not reSchacleford, W. C. Burnett, Pledgee L. C. Thomas will represent us. Brothers Arthur Motey, E. W . peat I Keley, Pledgee Hightower are held in reserve for Best wishes for the success of every Alpha PhÂť the coming debate with Lincoln. Alpha brother. Fraternally yours, W e note that last month's issue of the Wiley ReFREDERICK N. W E A T H E R S , porter showed marked improvement. Brother C. B. Corresponding Secretary. Robertson is editor-in-chief. Pledgee W . A. Lorden, business manager. We trust that the coming issues of the Reporter under the editorship and management of these able men will meet with the approval of the ALPHA R H O CHAPTER, student body at large. Morehouse College, Atlanta, Ga. 1 must not close this article without a word of reference to our Brother Professors J. W . Hughley, BROTHERS I N A L P H A P H I A L P H A , Greetings: nice Cornelius. Miss Louise Taylor, the sister of Miss Harriet Taylor, aided very much in the success of the occasion. The affair will long be remembered by the Brothers of Alpha Omicron. Fraternally yours,

T h e S p h i n x April, 1926 Dar's a lazy, sortah hazy Feelin' grips me, thoo and thoo; An' I feels lak doin' less dan enythin'; Dough de saw is sharp an' greasy, Dough de task et han' is easy, An' de day am fair an breezy, Dar's a thief dat steals embition in de win'. Kaint defy it, kaint deny it, Kase it jes won't be denied ; It's a mos' pursistin' stubborn sortah t h i n ; Anti T o x doan neutrolyze i t ; Doctahs fail to analyze i t ; So I yiels (dough I despise it) To dat res' less wrechit fevah evah Sprin'. —DANBRIDCE.

The hoary king of the seasons has departed with his frosty beard and icy breath. Aeolian blasts give way to murmuring zephyrs, which, combined with old Sol and Jupiter Pluvius, lend enchantment to the verdant landscape. T o the verdant freshman Zephyr invitingly whispers of an epicurean land where work is unknown, all of which m e a n s : "Sophomores, do your duty." Speaking of "crabs," we are reminded, Brothers of the motley array whose applications we have accepted, after consulting the freshman eligible list and whom we beg to present to your august bodies. They a r e : Mr. T. \V. Boyd, Mr. Julian Brown, Mr. James F. Davis, Mr. John R. Davis, Mr. Monroe Douglas, Mr. Sanders Howse. Mr. James I.. Lewis, Mr. Hansel McCoy, Mr. Clyde L. Reynolds. Mr. J. A. Ross, Mr. James Slater Simmons, Mr. John Marcus Ware, and Mr. James A. Welton. J r . In them we have observed singularly striking qualities that to indelibly stamp them as heirs to a great heritage— Alpha Phi Alpha. We hope to tell you more of them later. Our good brother president King was host to the Sphinx Club at his home 00 N. Ashhy Street, February 8th. This rousing meeting served to welcome the new men into the Sphinx Club. After spending the earlier part of the evening in music and sociable games, the meeting was opened with "Alpha Phi Alpha," sung by the brothers. T h e keynote of the addresses made by brothers \V. H. King, Sr., B. T. Harvey, and J. C. Arnold, of Eta Lambda was "Love for all Mankind." A sumptuous repast worked wonders toward the lusty singing of "Morehouse College" as a finale. (m February 36th, F.ta Lambda held a banquet in honor of brothers Chas. W . Greene and Jos. H . B. Evans. It was a grand and spirited affair, the like of which would not be easy to equal. Much credit is due brother J. C. Arnold, chairman of the committee, who introduced President Dr. C. Weymond Reeves who in turn introduced the toastmaster, brother Dr. M. S. Davage. Brothers there may be better toastmasters than brother Davage but the only circumstances under which ye scribe would believe it would be to see him function. Stirring speeches and introductions were heard from brothers J. Garland Wood, Dr. Chas. H . Johnson, Dr. A. B. McCoy, David D. Jones, Jos. H . B. Evans, Dr. John H. Lewis, Chas. W . Greene, A. M. Carter, A. L. Williams, J. L. Carwin. and A. F . H e r n don The members of tlte two undergraduate chapters also s a m , t | H , j r a ] n i a m a t e r s . On March 4th, the Sphinx Club gave an affair that "wouldn't quit." It was held on the Roof Garden; coming shortly after a similar affair given by the Sphinx Club of Alpha Pi. The diligent efforts of the young men were rewarded for it turned out to be a pleasure-dispensing assembly of the cream of the youthful intelligeiiMa of the "Gate City." T h e lovely decorations will he long remembered. Brother Carl Robinson, Alpha Mu. was honored Blest at chapel services on March 5th, We were favored with Liszt's fifteenth Hungarian Rhapsodic


Brother Robinson played with the verve of youth and yet there was clearly a breadth of understanding that distinguished his performance from that of the mere prodigy, There were the frenzied dance movements, cool, smoothly executer glissandos and the ponderous bass of the finale almost equal in volume to the deafening applause of the students. Brother Robinson" finally treated with a short Schumann number. Brother McGhee is working hard on his briefs preparatory to his invasion of Fisk on the debating squad. W e are expecting him to do all in his power to bring us a victory. We would recommend for a medal as the most retiring great althlete brother Melvin Sykes— the famous "Silent Sykes"—or more appropriately dubbed "Salient Sykes." This "All-American" and "All-Southern" basketball star from his very first season (which was many, many years ago? ? ? ?) appears in image in the educational issue of the Nineteen twenty-four Sphinx. There he stands, sphinx-like—a human inonunr.nt to two great institutions: Alpha Phi Alpha and Morehouse. "Six" is now "doing his stuff" along with Bros. Collins and Captain Hawkins and pledgee Douglas on the baseball diamond. Several brothers and pledgees have just returned from an orchestra tour. Another one is planned for the near future. W : are going to have a greater 'Go-to-High School. Go-to-College" campaign this year. We have already begun to formulate plans for our program. Ere forty-nine days and nights will have elapsed, several wanderers will be relieved of their sandals and left alone in the burning desert sands to find their way to the mighty Sphinx and there, to expound their ignorance in response to the enigmatic queries that she

will propound. Our Third General Vice-President, who is an officer of the Morehouse Alumni Association and of the board of Athletic Control was one of the College's Founder's day speakers. He came to us with a bu-ning message, fraught with particular interest for young men. Alpha Rho wishes the brothers throughout the world the best o'luck. We are trying to keep the Black and Gold of our A Phi A ever aloft and unsullied. Fraternally yours, O U V E R JACKSON.

Cor, Sec. [One of the most outstanding characteristics noticed in the letters of application this year is a happy combination of simplicity and sincerity. The impression that most of the applicants apparently wish their application to make (as most of them are neatly typewritten) is very commendable. An example appears below in lire selected at random ] Morehouse College. Atlanta, Georgia. February .">. 1936. Alpha Rho Chapter. Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Atlanta. Ca. ( en lemen : In accordance with the rules of Morehouse College, of which institution I am a student, I am eligible for bership in one of the National Fraternities if the

cue approves my person. .Mter considering the Fraternities I am convinced. in my opinion, that your Alpha fraternity is uucqualcd !:i its ideals and customs. I am one who se-eks the best of anything and am applying for membership in your Sphinx Club. You will

ci n ider my application. Sincerely. ALPHA-LAMBDA CHAPTER, Louisville, Ky. BROTHERS IN A L P H A




It has been some time since our brother chapters


T h e S p h i n x , April, 1926

have heard from Alpha Lambda Chapter, not because we have not been active. W e are now preparing to celebrate our "Go-To-High School, Go-To-College" week. A prominent speaker has been selected and a very appropriate program has been arranged. Last June our chapter entertained the senior boys from Central High School, encouraging them to enter college. W e are proud to say that most of the boys are inclined toward Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. July 4th we had an outing at West Baden Hotel, West Baden, Ind. This is an annual affair. Christmas, 1925, we gave our second annual prom. This was indeed a delightful affair, it brought together members of the other fraternities, and friends. The annual prom is always looked forward to as a leading social event. Brothers H. E. Hall, a prominent insurance man and president of the Mammoth Life Insurance Company, and J. E. Lane, M. D., one of Louisville's leading surgeons, were initiated into the mysteries of the Sphinx. The leading business and professional men of the city and state are members of the fraternity. At oar last initiation several brothers from neighboring towns came and helped us in the initiation. At Christmas time Brother Abraham Simpson sailed across the sea of matrimony, he was united in wedlock with Miss Alice Yerger, of Hope, Ark. Capt. Simpson has charge of the James '1'. Taylor Real Estate Company, We have a program mapped out for spring and summer that will be interesting to our brothers scattered over the country that will be given in these columns in the next issue. The budget system has been adopted and is proving successful. An effort is being made to gather into the fold delinquent members of our chapter. Brother Wilson Ballard recently delive"ed an address on Col. Chas. A. Young at Indianapolis. Ind., lie fore the Omega Psi fraternity. Brother John O. Blanton is president of Alpha Lambda chapter, he is a graduate of Brown University and a charter member of the organization. Brother W. L. Evans, of the firm Plato-Evans, architects, is making good. He was former secretary of the L'rban League of Chicago. Brothers W. 11. Pickette, G. H. Reid and J. H. Walls are members of the local volley ball team, who claim the championship of the mid west, having defeated Cincinnati, Indianapolis and St. Louis. Brother Frank Reid, former member of the executive committee of the national organization, is pastor of tlie A. ML E. church in Covington, Kentucky. He was recently placed at the head of the A. E. League work of the state. L E E L.


Editor to the




With the coming of spring and summer the "song of the lark," Delta Lambda will emerge from its quiet role of service to its local and national brothers, and enter the role of again awakening renewed interest in the education of our girls and boys. W e are preparing for the annual "Go-to-High School, "Go-to-College" campaign. Elsewhere, will he found a brief account of Bro. Perry D. G. Pennington, one of Delta Lambda's leading educators. The program for 1926 contemplates touching the lives of every girl and boy of school age who is out of school as well as further inspiring those who are now in school. The value of education (1) to the state, (2) to the race and to the individual will be

properly stressed. Educational mass meetings, radio broadcasting, lectures, class-room instruction, prize essays, newspape - a ticks, will ail go to p-jt this across in the proper style. Cooperation on the part oi city and state authorities has already been sought, In the Baltimore school system are several Alpha men, who do much each year to put this p og am across from the inside. During education week it is planned to unveil a tablet at one of the elementary schools, Phyllis Wheatley public school No. 110, named after the great negro slave poetess of Revolutionary time, who attracted the literary attention of Gen. George Washington. Delta Lambda has not let the idea of a club house die. It is still in mind. Bro. Attorney Roy S. Bond was re-elected president of the Monumental Bar Association of Baltimore city. Bro. Attorney William L. Fitzgerald has an increasing legal and real estate business, but always finds time to do a good turn for an Alpha brothe-. Bro. Dr. Hugh P. Hughes is now a proud father, Success and many more. Brother Raymond Carpenter has recently taken unto himself a wife in the cka ming pe son of Miss Florence Myers, of Baltimore. Brothers Dr. Hilburn, Dr. Geo. Hall and D. W. Berkley Butler are yet talking about that Detroit convention. It must have been great. Brother Attorney Goberl I-.. Macbeth is rounding out another successful year with the famous Athenian basketball club of Baltimo.'e, which he has served as secretary-treasurer for the past two years. Bro. Howard Murphy is seen to get out with the boys more frequently now! lie has been mar.icl for more months now. Delta Lambda i> preparing for its social affair after Easter. It is the annual classic in Baltim >re fraternity socials. Delta Lam. da is broadcasting "more effective chapter work and a truer brotherhood" for 1926. It wants all other chapters to tune in. Fraternally yon s, GOUKKT E.


Cor. Secy., Delta



Educated in the public schools of Baltimore, Md. Graduated from Douglass High School in 1903. Two years preparing work at Phillips Exeter A r a T emy, Exeter, New Hampshire, where lie graduated in 11107.

Three years college work at \\ cslcyan Unive shy. Middletown, Conn., where he received the degree of bachelor of science in 1910. While at Wesleyan was elected a member of Zeta Chapter, Alpha Phi Alpha i r . - i e n i i y at Vale University, New Haven, Conn., in 1908. Appointed instructor m Biology m Douglass High School, September, 1010, where he has taught for fifteen years. _ Das done special work in Biological Sciences at Columbia University, New York, N. Y. Affiliated with Delta Lambda Chapter, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Baltimore, Md.. September, 1921. Senior Delegate to Alpha Phi Alpha convention at Columbus, Ohio, December, 1923. President of Delta Lambda Chapter for two years, 1924 and 1925. Appointed acting principal of the Douglass Junior High School, September, 1925, which position he now occupies. Brother Prof. Perry D. G. Pennington, who is Acting Principal of Douglass Junior High School in Baltimore, has been one of the most active members of Delta I.amhda in putting the "Go-to-High School. GO-to-CoIkge" campaign over, and it is expected that he will lead the drive again this year because of his

T h e S p h i n x , April, 1926 ID at effective work. T h e outline of his educational career is an inspiration to many Alpha Men.




Atlanta, Ga. A Grand "Get together"

T h e chapter gave a dinner at the First CongregaTHETA LAMBDA CHAPTER, tional church in honor of the two general officers that reside in this city; namely, Bro. Charles W . Green, Dayton, Ohio southern vice-president, and Bro. Jos. H . B . Evans, general secretary. T h e two undergraduate chapters BROTHERS IX A L P H A P H I A L P H A , Greetings: were also invited and present with their full memberThe convention is over and every member of T h e t a ships. T h e following program was rendered: Lambda Chapter has settled down to put across a real 1. Prayer and blessing; 2, Introduction of President program in 1926. After being inspired by the wonderC. Waymond Reeves, by Brother J. C. A r n o l d ; 3, I n lul re[K.rt of the Eighteenth Convention made by troduction of Toastmaster by the President; 4, R e Brothers J a s . Parsons, Jas. "Pierce. B. A. Rose and marks by the Toastmaster, D r . VV. S. D a v a g e ; 5, O u r W. O. Stokes, we feel that ' D e a r Old Alpha P h i Fraternity Spreading the Gospel of Education, J. GarAlpha" has established itself as a necesary factor in land W o o d ; <>. Introduction of the Southern Vicetiie progress o i the Xegro race. President, D r . C. H . Johnson; 7, T h e Challenge of the South, Charles W . Greene; 8, O u r Answer, by N e w Officers E l e c t e d . Brother J o e Carwi, Alpha Rho Chapter; 9, Morehouse Alma Mater, Alpha Rho Chapter; 10, T h e At the firs! meeting in January the following officers Guiding Hand of E t a Lambda, D. D. J o n e s ; 11, T h e were elected to guide the destiny of Theta Lambda Undergraduate Response, by Brother A. Williams, for 1926. Brother J. E . Bush, a successful Dentist Alpha Pi Chapter; 12, Atlanta University, Alma and a brother who has made his influence felt in all Mater. Alpha Pi Chapter; 13, Introduction of Genactivities for the development of the city of Dayton, eral Secretary, A. M. C a r t e r ; 14, Looking Forward, was elected president o i the chapter. T h e fraternity Joseph H . B. E v a n s ; 15, Doing O u r Part, D r . John immediately took on new life because of the dynamic H . Lewis ; 16, Remarks by Exalted Honorary Memnality of the newly elected president. T o assober, Brother A. F . H e r n d o n ; 17, Ties that Bind, D r . ciate with Brother Bush the following brothers were elected: James Parsons, vice-president; O. O. M o r - \. B. McCoy; 18, Fraternity Song. T h e brothers vied with one another in making lecretary; O. D. McFall, treasurer, and E. E. snappy speeches, and on a whole the affair in a large I ampbell, sergeant-at-arms. measure resembled the annual banquet of the general convention. First Banquet and Smoker The first banquet ami smoker was held Thursday night, February 4th. at the Y. M. C. A., which is the headquarters of Theta Lambda Chapter in Dayton, Ohio. Several out of town brothers were present at this meeting and were greatly inspired by the wonderful program presented by Brother Bush, the new president.




Petersburg, Va. BROTHKRS IN A L P H A P H I A L P H A ,


Nu Lambda joins with its neighbor, Gamma, and extends to all brothers a hearty and sincere welcome Go to High Schoolâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Etc. to Virginia for the 1926 convention. Petersburg is in The annual "Go-to-High School, Go-To-College" an historic sense the gateway to Richmond, and it is our hope that brothers, on pilgrimage to Richmond, campaign will be conducted on a very elaborate scale will visit the seat of our chapter. this year and it is the aim of Brother Bush to reach We happily look forward to the coming year, for 10,000 Negroes in the Miami Valley. Special interwe feel that ours is the opportunity to demonstrate views will be conducted with every student graduatthat the highest ideals of Alpha Phi Alpha are maining from the high schools of the city and surrounding tained by brothers located in the southland. W e know towas, that Gamma waits to welcome you and we are confident that those who come from afar will leave the Visiting B r o t h e r s Richmond convention with a truer estimate of the Since the last issue of the Sphinx we have had the Virginia Negro and a higher conception of the spirit pleasure of welcoming several visiting brothers to our and possibilities of our fraternity. city. Brother William Lovelace of Alpha Alpha. Nu Lambda has always been fortunate in its memAiidie Kirkland of Alpha Pi. Atlanta, G a . ; Brothers be ship. Each year has brought us additional repDaniel OwingS and Thomas Wright, of Xi chapter; resentatives of distant chapters. T h e ideals of a Brother \V. A Daniels, of Gamma Chapter; Brother score of chapters have been combined to build Nu Brown, of Kappa Chanter. Lambda. < >ur membership is comprised, largely, of numbers of the faculty of the Virginia State College. P r o g r a m m e F o r 1926 These brothers are each day demonstrating the spirit of Alpha Phi Alpha. They are the teachers of young Our program for the year is in keeping with the NegTO men. They are the builders of manhood and Strides of progress being made by the National O r they a r e building in the image of the founders. T h e ganization and whereas Theta Lambda may not be brother attorney, the brother minister, the brother t :e winner of the cup, nor of any special banker, misses the opportunity of the brother laborhonors, but when Old Father Time declare! the year of UM to be recorded in the pages of history. "1 beta ing each day in the class oom of the college, to awaken the aspirations of Negro manhood Nu Lambda takes Lambda will be among those in the top row who great pride in the confidence that those brothers who hive made a vital contribution to the progress of the c o n e to us in 1926, will find that brothers representtrice in 1926. ing the best that American L'niversities can proFraternally yours. duce a r e striving at Petersburg for Alpha Phi Alpha, and that under their influence are being trained. Negro O. O. MORRIS. young men who shall bear the imprint of our fraternity. Secretary. Theta Lambda.


T h e S p h i n x , April,


Nu Lambda is each day conducting School, Go-to-College" campaign. At renew our faith and in union with our where, summon our young men, on to Fraternally yours, J. H .


a "Go-to-High this season we brothers everycollege.



Chicago, 111. BROTHERS IN A L P H A P H I A L P H A ,


The delegates from Xi Lambda returned to Chicago from Detroit praising the consummate skill with which all phases of the convention were planned and executed. Too much praise cannot be given Bro. Jule P. Rodgers and his able assistants who made the last convention the most successful in the history of the fraternity. Thanks Gramma Lambda! We knew you could put it over! After the convention, Xi Lambda resolved to make a banner year of '26. The officers elected for the current year have shown decided interest in the advance of Xi Lambda and our dear fraternity. Those elected w e r e : Bros. Frank V. Plummer, president; H . Reginald Smith, vice-president; William H. Benson, secretary; Henry M. Trammel, secretary and reporter ; Julius C. Green, treasurer; Clarence C. McCoy, sergeant-at-Arms; Julian H. Lewis, chaplain; Henry A. Callis, historian. Bro. Callis, historian, is writing a history of the fraternity. This history is to be used as a reference in promoting our educational programs.

The "Go-to-High School, Go-to-College," campaign is the next big movement of the fraternity. Bro. Frank V. Plummer appointed a very efficient committee to plan this program. The committee is as follows : Bros. Mason W. Fields, chairman; Oscar Brown, George Arthur, Henry A. Callis, H . Reginald Smith, Julian Lewis, Herbert Turner, Julius Green and William Benson. The campaign was a great success last year, but Xi Lambda is doing greater things this year. The committee is trying to secure the services of VicePresident Dawes to speak at our Sunday meeting, and further, we are tv>t only going to talk to the boys and girls directly in the public schools, but we are going to reach the radio audience through Station WMAQ. Such an important campaign as our "Go-to-High School, Go-to-College," movement needs all possible means to make it the success that it should and must be. Xi Lambda joins the other chapters of the fraternity most heartily for the purpose of awakening in the hearts of our boys and girls the absolute necessity of honesty, efficiency and education. Now, altogether, let's g o ! W e have outgrown our present home, at 4104 Vincennes Ave., so Brother Richard Hill, chairman of the house committee is looking for a larger fraternity house. Be it understood that this house at 4104 Vincennes Ave., is the home of every Alpha Phi Alpha man. So, when you plan on visiting our great city send a line to Xi Lambda saying when you will arrive, how long you will remain and when you expect to leave. Let the Xi Lambda entertain, co-operate and sympathize with you, Brothers in Alpha Phi Alpha, in the pure spirit of brotherly love. Steadfastly and fraternally yours, Xi


T h e S p h i n x April, 1 9 2 6

Passerby: W h a t noise is that in your barn? Murder? Owner: No, just those boys habin' a fraternity iniation.

It is bad if your wife finds a letter in your pocket you have forgotten to mail, but worse if it is one you have neglected to burn.

"Is she dumb?" "Dumb? W h y she's so dumb she thought the New York Central was an eastern operator."


Dora D'Umbell wants to know if Tombstone, Arizona is sort of a cemetery. And ii there a,e lots of dressmakers in Needles, California. And if the sheiks in Kissimmee, Florida, are more loving than sheiks elsewhere. And if Priest Rive-. Idaho, isn't rather a religious community. And Oil Hill, Kansas, isn't rather a greasy place.

SHE WOULD FOR A FACT "What is that bump on your head?" "Oh, that's where a thought struck me."

"Where are you going?" "Spooning." "A good date, e h ? " "Not at all. I'm collecting silver for the fraternity house."


First Coed: "Suppose you fell overboard, what is the first thing you'd do?" Second Ditto: "Get wet."

Parent—"Why didn't you pass mv child? She konws as much as anybody else in the class." Teacher—"Yes, but your child hasn't the capacity to learn." P a r e n t - " W e l l , how much does the capacity cost, I I! buy it right now."


"Hello." "Hello, is this Genevieve?" "Yes." "Will you marry me tomorrow?" "Yes, who is talking?"





Sentimental Youth: "Sir, your daughter has just promised to be my wife." Practical Father: "Well, you needn't expect any sympathy out of me. You should have known better than to hang around here every night in the week."


W i f e : Here's a letter you've been forgotting to mail for a week. Hubby: Confound it! That's my final lesson in that @$xq!! 1 course in memory training I—Life.


Lady (to washerwoman): "My husband writes his engagements on his shirt cuffs; I hope you don't mind." W o m a n : "Lor, no mum; I loves a bit o' scandal!"


"How kind of you," said the girl, "to bring me these lovely flowers. They are so beautiful and fresh. I believe there is some dew on them yet." "Yes," stammered the young man in great embarrassment, "but I am going to pay it off tomorrow."— Pup.

GOAT GETTERS Telephone rings, 5 a. m. Very sleepy person swers. Voice on other end: "So sorry to disturb this time of morning, but would you mind telling the correct time? My clock has stopped and I've to take some medicine at a certain time."

anyou me got


The janitor who nearly burns you up when the weather is warm and "forgets" to lire up when it's ten below.

He (looking at his watch)—Well, 1 must be off. She—That's what I thought when I first met you.— Cornell Widow.

Would be musicians who think they're the "best that ever did it."


T h e S p h i n x , April. 1926





hath joined together, let not man put asunder." Matt. 19:6.



Brother Julius C. H e n d n x has succumbed to Love's young dream! Mrs. Hendrix, nee Miss LiUie Belle Aderhold, will henceforth answer to that pungent, yet voluminous bass voice that has so long delighted the audiences of the Morehouse College quartet. Our benedictions go with the happy pair.

From Alpha Lambda there is news of still another tappy union m the marriage of Miss Alice Yerger, of Hope Arkansas to (Captain) Bro. Abraham Simpson. Mrs. Simpson, an altogether attractive and lovely lady, has found a fond welcome in the Alpha circles of Louisville where Brother Simpson is the efficient head ot the James T. Taylor Real Estate Co.

Tyree-Lewis, Brother C. F. Lewis has set his sails for the sea of matrimony, his course being laid by the compass of love. The announcement of Brother Lewis,' engagement to Miss Carrie Tyree, daughter of the late Bishop Tyree, was no surprise to those of us who know him. Miss Tyree is an accomplished young lady of Nashville's society, while Brother Lewis is a member of the Senior medical class, and a true Alpha man. W e are all wishing tor them much success and happiness in life's greatest venture. Hulett-Thompson. Our versatile Brother Thompson has decided, after careful deliberation and nation-wide scrutiny, that Miss Jaunita Hulet should not only hold his heart, but also his pin. His sudden departure trom our ranks of pin-wearing brothers has been heralded far and wide as a very wise step, because Miss Hulett is one of our most talented. Unable and progressive young school marms. Jaunita takes his pat's advice, please handle his heart with care—it is so fragile! And if you can solve that E. T. complex, the world awaits the results. Accept Psi's blessing. Murray-Cordoza. For a long time the prying eyes and gossiping tongues of the world were at a loss to account for the peculiar manner in which Bro. Murray seemed to shut out of his life every lady except Miss Aruita Cordoza. There were whispered stories of an impending adventure on the sea of matrimony. Suddenly whispers became louder and as if propelled by some nautical typhoon, the news of their marriage was spread to every one. Bro. Murray is one of Psi Chapters most ardent workers. Our new sister is everything that any man could wish a life companion and help-mate t" he—gentle, lovable, sincere, and alert. Psi hopes that their troubles will be "little ones.'' McKissack- Anderson. Just one grand sweet song, "Ain't Love Grand." Brother Nelson J. Anderson, of Chi Chapter has launched his gondola out on the sea of matrimony. Brother Anderson and Miss Ruth Virginia McKissack, both of Nashville, were married on last Christmas Eve day and are now two happy little turtle doves. Bro. Anderson is a senior in the Dental Department of Meharry Medical College. Miss McKissack is a graduate of The Academy of the Immaculate Mother at Nashville, and has attended the A & I State College. She is a cousin of Bro. Calvin McKissack, of Chi. We wish Andy and Ruth much and long continued happiness.

Bacchus-Hand. There are repeated whisperings about Eta that Brother Quentm Hand, star forward ol Eta and so otten an aid m the victories of that chapter in the Uige Game has completely lust his heart, head and Pin to Miss Mildred (Bloss) Bacchus, "one of H a r lemis Sweetest." Nothing could be- finer, Brother nana. You have our best wishes for continued happiness. Reid-Cowan. There is a fatal and contagious malady present at Omicro,,. 1, seems to affect the Dental Students most. Just why they are mo.e susceptible is not known. S o m e o n e has ca led this disease 'That Thing Called 7%£ rT?a}tT ,l<ec, S - Cowan, premier dash man and senior dent is the last brother known to have succumbed to the "fortunate illness." We have news of his marriage in September, IDS."., to the pretty and popular Mis Laura Reid. We wish for him a long and happy "illness." May he never get well ! ! Winston-Allen. Among the "honey-mooners" at the Detroit Oonvenburgh and Ins beautiful bride, Miss Inez


a f e W ,h r l e F i e h t e e n a h ' Convention r ""*?• * * and * 7*made I ' r i "direct " t h to Eighteenth their>>way

of f Z J i $**uSpen< ot mends and Brothers. Jackson-Tutt.





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n s tt "1 ""' i " . " Miss Olivette Jaek'fraierntv ? r o u d DBwr e at rh ee •r T"« U Brother Harold I. f a r t ' s Ah ha Z T • ° a n d 0 M" fi s Ua n cdhea r sl ^a m ms« n b e r •"' irons « L ^ a ^ a lly • ° ' *« P a " ffst i i S u Af , K c o n t r i b u t ° r to all mails headed tor M. Lotus. Alpha Nu wishes him much success.

FRUITS OF MATRIMONY o f B F t ? l J a h ? S ° / R a ! , d o , p h ' iorme«y ot Nu, now o J W C h ' ' f " W a S M i s s A " » a M. Wells. b ?St reCentl v BarWa W Ttf ' - «*" " * « * * » • mai u i won! h J ' 1 " ' -rre ^ ' " ' P e s that this U bU St w , t h a role of ' " A M ' ^ " r e aspirant of the porters a a K l w f l a - n , , a n - B l , t a f t e r a " w e need supknow lit M ss* P ^ h 0 l ' A 6 i < k ' a , s " f A , P h a « * ** hest W Barbara Anne will be one of the

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T h e S p h i n x , April, 1926


Bits of Intelligence BITS OF INTELLIGENCE

If anything affects your eye, you hasten to have it removed; if anything affects your mind, you postpone the cure for a year. —Horace.

Whenever a species of animal exhibits its full native wildness soon after birth, it is usually a species -.n which the young are immediately left to care for themselves. If the young are habitually gentle and t.ustful, this species, as a rule, cares for its young lor some time.

What can give us more sure knowledge than our senses? H o w else can we distainguish between the true and the false ? —Lucretius. H e lives who dies to win a lasting name. —Frummond.

The body temperature of birds varies, the more highly organized birds having the higher temperatures. Many cases of septic sore throat are carried by milk. Alaska has a mineral output of almost $20,000,000 . annually. More than 100,000 visitors registered at Lincoln's t mb at Springfield, 111., last year. There is now being printed aboard the great Cunard line s running between England and New York and other North Atlanta ports an Atlantic edition of T h e Daily Mail. George Washington struggled lor 10 years to get money to erect the Capitol and the White House.



Amsterdam—Count Hohenzollern, ex-kaiscr. is said by friends to have cleaned up $200,000 by investments in England this year. ' L a v e nut the word unspoken; Keep not the gift too late; Show love or friendship's token; Give now, and do not wait."


There is a mean side in all things; and, moreover, certain limits on either side of which right cannot be found. —Horace.

NORDIC BLOOD Even if the contention of the Nordics were correct, there is no indication that they are any better than olher people. At the beginning of the war there was a good deal of talk about Nordic supremacy and of Germany's being real Nordic, and so on, but the record in the war was not very good. Time was when England and America were referred to as Anglo-Saxon, but the population has been so mixed with other races that the name has fallen into d use Americans a e human beings with blood of all races. end the endeavor to classify them as any one particular race is futile. —Frank Crane.



T h e Indian population of the United States is believed to be as large as when Columbus discovered

I lie saying that beauty is skin deep is but a skin deep saying. —Spencer.

Since I9?0 our meat ex|>orts have been averaging afout 1,904 000,000 pounds a year.

That you may be loved, be loving. —Ovid. Amusement is the happiness of those that cannot "link. —Pope.

A snake's breath is not poisonous but there is one nake in South Africa which has the power to eject it- venom in a line spray, which causes blindness if it ever get in the eyes.

Inland lighthouses capable of throwing rays 200 miles have been constructed in France to guide traffic by air. W ere the heat of the sun to vary ten degrees, all life on earth would end. Belgium will probably be the center of telephone communication between Germany and England and Germany, the Netherlands and France. Building permits filed in Greater New York for 192.') exceed $1,000,000,000, by far the highest ever reported H the city and a gain of 22 per cent over 1934. I' obahlv the longest gun in the world is that situaI '1 'ii I.;Hi'! Island, which is 88 feet in length. The loss hv forest fires in the West during 1984 was

The adult apes harbor resentment and hold a grudge - ' tenaciously that corporeal punishment is seldom resorted to by their keepers. As eaily as 1660, the Italians recognized certain h uses as sources of tuberculosis and burned them. A railroad official unloaded a car of steers in Oklahoma and watered them. Then he found there wasn't room enough for them in the same car. V mam as 50,000 dirt particles to the cubic centimeter have been found in a dense London fog. None hut tyrants have any business to be afraid. —De Perefixe.

Foreign governments owe Americans $<i more per 1- ad in private loans than a year ago.

A fool always finds a greater fool to admire him. —Boileau. He that despiseth small things will perish by little and little. -Emerson

Ever) one is least known to himself, and it is very difficult for a man to know himself. —Cicero.

Admonish your friends in private' praise them in public. -Syrus.


T h e Sphinx, April, 1926

THE CAP5T0NE OF NEGRO EDUCATION HOWARD UNIVERSITY W A S H I N G T O N , D. C. Founded by General O. O. Howard J. STANLEY DURKEE, A.M., Ph.D., D.D., EMMETT J. SCOTT, A.M., LED., President Secretary-Treasurer

To provide the Twelve Million Colored people of the United States w i t h college-trained and Professional leaders through its courses in Arts, Sciences, Sociology, Education; its Schools of Commerce and Finance, Public Health and Hygiene, Music, Architecture. Engineering, Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, Religion and Law.

Âť ft U *




Spring Quarter June 21 1926

March 20, 1926 Autumn Quarter

September 24, 25, 1926

For Catalog and Information Write

F. D. WILKINSON, Registrar, Howard University, Washington, D. C.

The Sphinx, April, 1926



OUR FAITH in the honesty and efficiency of Balfour Jewelry and Service, and the faith of the Balfour Company and all its

workers in the excellence and satisfying qualities of their products are equally well deserved. The faith of Alpha Phi Alpha in the reliability and value of the badges and novelties produced by their official jeweler thru the past years have been chiefly responsible for the retention of Balfour in that capacity and for the constant growth of the annual volume of sales to Alpha Phi Alpha. The faith of those who produce Balfour jewelry was bound to make good. And it will jealousjy protect their hard won reputation or honesty, artistry and service.




New York


Denver Pittsburgh Seattle Kansas City

Dallas Richmond Minneapolis Philadelphia

San Francisco Los Angeles Indianapolis Washington Atlanta



The Sphinx, Apr.l, 1926 - •



Agricultural s Technical College GREENSBORO,


A Technical School of High Grade

College Courses in Agriculture Engineering and Education A Strong Commercial Course, Vocational High School and Trade School


For Further Information, Address F. D. BLUFORD, PRESIDENT Dept. S.

A . <&• T. College

Greensboro, N. C .

Chapters ALPHA ZETA CHAPTER, West Virginia Colle- DELTA LAMBDA CHAPTER, Baltimore, Md. giata Institute, W . V a . President, Perry D. G. Pennington, 1518 McCuIPresident, Alonzo Shaw Harden, W. Va. Institute. loh Street. Secretary, Langley A. Spurlock, W. Va., Collegiate Cor. Secretary, Gobert E. Macbeth, 8101 Druid Institute. Hill Avenue. ALPHA ETA CHAPTER, Harvard University, EPSILON LAMBDA CHAPTER, St. Louis, Mo. Cambridge, Mass. President, George W. Buckner, 2331 Market Street President, S. R. Redmond, 30 Hastings Hall. Secretary, Gordon H. Simpson, 615 N. Jefferson Secretary, Ave. ALPHA THETA CHAPTER, State University of ZETA LAMBDA CHAPTER, Norfolk, Va. Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. President, Henry Harding, Box 201. President, S. F . Coppage, 664 Church Street, Nor Secretary, Ernest Greene, 230 So. Capitol Street. folk, Va. Secretary, A. D. Manning, 555 25th Street, Newport ALPHA IOTA CHAPTER, University of ColoNews, Va. rado, and Denver University, Denver, Colorado. President, John Waller, 2401 Emerson Street. T H E T A LAMBDA CHAPTER, Dayton, Ohio. Secretary, G. Leonard White, 2401 Emerson Street. President, J. E. Bush, 430 W. 5th Street. Secretary, O. O. Morris, 447 W. 5th Street. ALPHA KAPPA CHAPTER, Springfield, Mass. President, N. P. Dotson, Jr., 154 Quincy Street. Secretary, G. A. Bolivar Parris, Box 144, Amherst, ETA LAMBDA CHAPTER, Atlanta, Ga. President, Dr. C. Waymond Reeves, 269 W. Fair Mass. Street. ALPHA MU CHAPTER, Northwestern University, Secretary, C. E. Arnold, 88 Ridge Avenue. Evanston, 111. President, Clarence Wilson, v 1216 Darrow Ave., IOTA LAMBDA CHAPTER, Indiana, Purdue and Evanston, 111. DePauw Universities, and Butler College, InSecretary, Vernon S. Gordon, 4936 Washington dianapolis, Ind. Park Court, Chicago, 111. President, C. A. Toles, 2021 Hills Avenue. ALPHA XU CHAPTER, Drake University, Des Secretary, H. T. Riley, 2713 N. Capital Avenue. Moines; and Iowa State College, Ames. President, Carlyle C. Clarke, 1207 Center Street, KAPPA LAMBDA CHAPTER, Greensboro, N. C. Des Moines, Iowa. President, I. W. Taylor, 206 Holbrook Street, DanSecretary, Harry J. Romm, 200;^ Main Street, ville, Va. Ames, Iowa. Secretary, Norman H. Williams, A. V. T. College, ALPHA XI CHAPTER, Marquette University, MilGreensboro, N. C. waukee, Wis. MU LAMBDA CHAPTER, Washington, D. C. President, F. Q. Washington, 505 Galena Street. President, Charles H. Wesley, Howard University, Secretary, G. D. Daniel, <n 19th Street. hington, D. C. ALPHA OMICRON CHAPTER, Johnson C. Secretary, Clarence Harvey Mills, Howard UniSmith University, Charlotte, N. C. versity, Washington, D. C. President, W. J. Knox. Secretary. T. E. GiUiard. ALPHA PI CHAPTER, Atlanta University, Atlanta, NU LAMBDA CHAPTER, Petersburg, Va. President. F. D. Patterson, V. N. & I. I., PetersGa. burg, Va. President, G. me. Irvin A. Derbigny, V. N. & I. I., Peters Secretary, J. E. Oakes. U P H A RHO CHAPTER, Morehouse College, Atburg, Va. lanta, Ga. XI LAMBDA CHAPTER, Chicago, 111. President, \V. H. King, Jr. President Frank V. Plummer, 0211 Loomis Blvd. on. ALPHA SIGMA CHAPTER, Wiley University, Secretary,' William H. Benson, Suite No. 1, 3507 Marshall, Texas. Grand Boulevard. President, John G. Shackelford. OMICRON LAMBDA CHAPTER, Birmingham. Secretary, \V C. Burnett. ALPHA HAPTER, A k r o n University, President, G. Norman Adamson, Tuxedo Junction, Akron, Ohio. at, L. A. Taylor, 11)5 Gitz Street, Akron, Secretary, G. W. Reeves, Miles Memorial College. Man Thou et, Akron, VLPHA HAPTER, City College of RHO LAMBDA CHAPTER, Buffalo-Rochester, Mich. N Y President, M. F. Thotni Melbourne Street. President, M. A. Allen, 260 Williams St., Buffalo, ALPHA LAMBDA CHAPTER, Louisville, Ky. M V President, John O. Blanton, 631 South 8th St. Secretary. Father O. H. Brown, 260 Williams Secretary, A. L. Simpson. 1417 W. Chestnut St. ect, Buffalo. 1BDA CHAPTER, Kansas City. Mo. v CHAPTER. New Orleans, La. lent. F. T. Lane, Lincoln Building, 18th and ) Richar.1 lara Street Vine Streets. tary, W. H. Mitchell, Jr.. 8M0 Dryades Street. Secretary, I. F. Bradley, 400 Haskell Ave., Kansas City, Kans. little Rock-, pI GAMMA LAMBDA CHAPTER, Detroit, Mich. I M. R. Perry. 904 Bro enue. Franklin Brown, 1019 Cross Street. I rcet.

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The SPHINX | Spring April 1926 | Volume 12 | Number 2 192601202