The SPHINX | Summer June 1923 | Volume 9 | Number 3 192300903

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If there be a single trail wending into Columbus we'll be there for the Sixteenth Annual Convention, December 27-31. 1923

OFFICIAL DIRECTORY GENERAL OFFICERS S. S. BOOKER, President, 1619 Druid Hill Avenue, Baltimore, Md. RAYMOND P . ALEXANDER, First Vice-President, 69 Dana Street, Cambridge, Mass. RAYMOND W. CANNON, Second Vice-President, 3400 Oakland Avenue, Minneapolis, Minn. JAMES W. MCGREGOR, Third Vice-President. 1759 W. Thirty-fifth Street. Los Angeles, Cal. NORMAN L. McGHEE, Secretary, Howard University, Washington, D. C. HOMER COOPER, Treasurer, 5059 S. State Street, Chicago, 111. OSCAR C. BROWN, Sphinx Editor, 37 Irwin Street, Atlanta, Ga. CHAPTERS ALPHA CHAPTER, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. President, F. Leslie Thompson, 41J E. Slate Street. Secretary, Joseph Houchins. BETA CHAPTER, Howard University, Washington, D. C. President, William F. Nelson, 8447 Georgia Avenue, N. W. Corresponding Secretary, Arthur II. Simmons, 8447 Georgia Avenue, N. W. GAMMA CHAPTER, Virginia Union University, Richmond, Va. President, C. L. Franklin. Corresponding Secretary, W. E. Henry, Virginia Union University. DELTA CHAPTER, Montreal, Canada (inactive). EPSIL.ON CHAPTER, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. President, L. B. Perry. Corresponding Secretary, E. L. Harris, 210 Glen Avenue. ZETA CHAPTER, Yale University, New Haven, Conn. President, A. J. Allison, 24 Dickerman Street. Secretary, F . W. Wells, 101 Foote Street. ETA CHAPTER, New York City College, Columbia and New York Universities, New York City. President, James E. Fladger, 211 W. 139th Street. Secretary, Grady Kirkland (Y. M. C. A.), 181 W. 135th Street. T H E T A CHAPTER, University of Chicago, University of Illinois and Northwestern University, Chicago, 111. President, Wm. Benson. Corresponding Secretary, Chas. M. Tarkington, 4104 Vincenncs Avenue. IOTA CHAPTER, Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y. President, Andrew Center, 302 Cedar 'Street. Secretary, Roscoe Robinson, .'302 Cedar Street. KAPPA CHAPTER, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. President, Paul L. Lofton. Secretary, Geo. E. DeMar, 144 W. 0th Street. MU CHAPTER, University of Minnesota. President, M. W. Fields, ?:J0 Sherburne Avenue, St. Paul, Minn. Secretary, B. Snider, University of Minnesota. NU CHAPTER, Lincoln University, Pa. President, Frank T. Wilson, Lincoln University. Corresponding S e c r e t a r y W. C. Coles. XI CHAPTER, Wilberforce University, Wilberforce, Ohio. President, R. I. McGee, Wilberforce University. Corresponding Secretary, T. D. Davis, III. Wilberforce University. OMICRON CHAPTER, Carnegie-Institute of Technology and University of Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh, Pa. President, Gerald E. Allen, 132 Fullerton Street. Secretary, Ira W. Cornelius, 111 Dilworth Street. PI CHAPTER, Case School of Applied Science and Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. President, Elmer J. Cheeks, 10012 Quincy Heights. Corresponding Secretary, Tohn D. Wilkerson, 2307 E. Fifty-ninth Street. R H O CHAPTER, Temple University and Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, Philadelphia, Pa. President, W. F. Jerrick. Secretary, Theodore R. Penny, 1724 Christian Street. SIGMA CHAPTER, Boston University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, Mass. ' President," J. E. Martin, Jr., 143 Highland Street. • Corresponding Secretary, Geo. T. Drummond. T A U CHAPTER, University of Illinois, Champaign, 111. President, A. E. Woodruff, 501 E. Vine Street. Secretary, W. R. Thornhill, Station A. Box 515. UPSILON CHAPTER, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kans. President, Wm. T. McKnight, 1101 Mississippi Street. Corresponding Secretary, Doxie A. Wilkerson, 1101 Mississippi Street.




Official Organ of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorparated. Published in February, April, June, October and December, at 37 Irwin Street, Atlanta, Georgia. Subscription Price

One Dollar and Fifty Cents per Year

E n t e r e d a s second c l a s s m a t t e r F e b r u a r y 11, 1923, a t the p o s t office A t l a n t a , G e o r g i a , u n d e r the Act of M a r c h 3, 1897. Acceptance for m a i l i n g a t special r a t e of p o s t a g e p r o vided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, a u t h o r i z e d F e b r u a r y 23, 1923.

STAFF OF Editor-in-Chief "Who Is Who?" "Editorials" "Prat Fun" "History" Assistant

Editor and


EDITORS OSCAR C. BROWN, 37 Irwin St., Atlanta, Ga. GEORCF. B. K E L L Y , I 113th S t r e e t , T r o y , N . Y . EARL ALEXANDER, 61 E. 11th St., Columbus, Ohio ELMER J. CHEEKS, 10012 Quincy Heights, Cleveland, O. W . L. HANSBERRY, Howard University, Washington, D. C.

Advertising Manager, S Y DNEY P. BROWN, 237'/ 2 Indiana Avenue. Indianapolis , Indiana. JUNE 1923


In M e m o r i a m — B r o t h e r Win. N. Colson 2 Alpha. Theta 3 Alpha Gamma 4 A l p h a Kpsilon 5 Beta Lambda. Alpha Lambda (i Epsilon Lambda 7 B r o t h e r B. M. R h e t t a . Phi 8 Chi 10 Theta Lambda. A Death Son*? 11 T h e T o m b of D u n b a r — O u r Next P i l g r i m a g e 11 Beta 12 A W o r d from B r o t h e r s at T u s k e g e e 13 Cupid's Corner 13 a. B r o t h e r Benjamin T. .lohnson 14 b. B r o t h e r C h a r l e s W. Warfield 14 c. B r o t h e r T h o m a s C l a r k e 14 d. B r o t h e r Chauncey Downs 14 e. B r o t h e r F r a n k T. W i l s o n 14 f. B r o t h e r E. E. Campbell 14 B r o t h e r F r a n k T. W i l s o n 14 Nu 15 Mu 16 A l p h a Nu 17 Alpha Kappa 18 Kappa 19 Psi 20 Iota Lambda 21 E t a L a m b d a . . . 23 Alpha Theta 24 Upsilon....26 Alpha-Iota ...27 E p s i l o n . . . .28 Rho....29 Alpha Eta 30 Alpha-Kappa 31 Alpha Epsilon 32 Epsilon Lambda 33 Delta L a m b d a 34 Mu 35 A l p h a Mu 36 Mu 37 A l p h a Mu 37 Xi 38 Gamma 39 Eta 41 A W o r d from t h e G e n e r a l P r e s i d e n t 42 M i s c e l l a n e o u s News Hems 43 B r o t h e r D r . W . E. B . D u B o i s 43 Gamma Lambda 44 Reflecting the F r a t e r n a l M i r r o r — N . W . H u d s o n 45 Editorials: a. T h e " G o - t o - H i g h S c h o o l , G o - t o - C o l l e g e " Movement 47 b. Grand T a x . . . ' 47 T u t a n k h a m e n ; His N e g r o A n c e s t o r s a n d T h e i r African N e i g h b o r s 48 B y B r o t h e r W . L. H a n s b e r r y Welcome A l p h a - C h i arjd A l p h a - O m i c r o n 50



In /Bbemoriam Brother William Nelson Colson, Eta Chapter, Died in New York City, Sunday, March 25th. All Alpha Phi Alpha men are unanimous in agreeing with the Crisis when that magazine says that Brother Colson's life should well serve as an inspiration for the young men of the Negro race. As a news item, the following appeared in one of the New York City newspapers WILLIAM NELSON COLSON DIES IN LINCOLN HOSPITAL Recently Graduated from Columbia Law School, He Planned to. Begin Practicing This Summer SERVED IN WORLD WAR Succumbs to Intestinal Trouble in the Hospital Where His Wife Was a Nurse. Had Great Many Friends Harlem intellectual circles received a shock Monday morning when it was announced that William Nelson Colson, recent Columbia Law School graduate and prominent socially, had died in the Lincoln Hospital, 141st Street and Southern Boulevard, Sunday night. His rapid demise even amazed his attending physician. Mr. Colson, 33, was a highly esteemed young man, not only in Harlem, but throughout the country. The story of his life is not lacking in interest. He was born in Petersburg, Va., February 10, 1890. After graduating at Hampton Institute he went to Virginia Union University at Richmond, where he took a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1914. He came to New York in the summer of 1914 and studied at the School of Philanthropy in Columbia University on a scholarship from the Urban League. Then he returned to Richmond and was made professor at Union in 1915-16, holding the first chair installed of Negro history. In 191617 he was a student at Harvard, but his course was cut short by the war. Taking training at Fort Des Moines, Iowa, was commissioned as second lieutenant and sailed for France in June, 1918. After seeing active service as an officer in the 367th Infantry he returned to America in March, 1919, and entered Columbia Law School, from which he emerged with an LL. B. degree in 1922. He had just completed his state bar examinations a week before his illness and was expecting to begin the practice of law this summer.


Greetings: It was with much pleasure that the members of Alpha Chapter greeted the last number of Tin; SPHINX and it is the consensus of opinion among the Brothers that the Editor-in-Chief makes each publication better than the one preceeding. In pausing to look upon transactions for the current year, we have cause to be grateful; our chapter is a stronger and more efficient unit in Alpha Phi Alpha. Every officer and member have given their unstinted support both morally and financially that the aims of the fraternity might be accomplished. In respect to numerical strength, owing to our situation, we do not equal many of the Chapter, but this has stimulated increased activity on the part of all the Brothers. As June '2:5. will mark the end of some of our college careers, our membership will be somewhat decreased. We feel the necessity of working harder individually and collectively to make up in spirit what we shall lose in number. With best wishes to all for a happy and prosperous vacation, we are Cordially and fraternally yours, ALPHA CHAPTER, JAS. M.




bought, we just paid out $80.00 to have the darned old thing fixed; at that, house was merely comfortable at our little smoker last Saturday. Boulevard improvement taxes, water taxes, house taxes, personal property taxes; say, don't you fellows have any of those burdens? Homer Cooper and Bill Dawson had to go and get married and now they can't come but as they used to, and two or three more of the young councilors-at-law, as they are wont to call themselves, are seriously considering leaving us by the matrimonial route; they have begged off for more time so we won't call any names. Then more and more as we get away from the flush pocket book of the fall student, rent—room rent—is harder and harder to collect. Say, don't you fellows have these troubles too? And Chapter meetings—they are poorly attended, sometimes can't even have any at all. One Chapter editor, won't call his name, but he's a senior in Northwestern University Medical School, and was junior delegate to the Fifteenth Convention at St. Louis, was supposed to write this letter, in fact was supposed to have written a letter for each of the past two issues of T H E S P H I N X , but didn't. Don't these things happen in your Chapters ? Well, they happen here, but at that Theta is a great old ninth-inning organization, we can always come through in the pinches, for there is a real fighting spirit here. A few incidents in line with the usual order of other Chapter letters:

Chicago, 111.

Brother L. A. Mahone has "made County." He is the fourth Theta man to place in the County hospital examinations. He placed seventeenth.

They were originally written in Memphis, but they sing them all over the world—the "Blues,' - I mean. Say, honestly now, how is it you fellows only have such wonderful optimistic things to report, don't you have any of the hard luck things that we do here at Theta ? Well, for example, that furnace at the house has been a grand enormous pain this winter, half of the time it wouldn't heat the house. no hot water if it did, coal has been high and then higher, wouldn't burn when it was

Brother Dr. Walter S. Grant who finished his County interneship and subsequent house physicianship in January is now sporting himself a coupe.



Theta will have a banquet this month and on the 6th of June our annual Senior "Prom" will be given, all visiting brothers be sure to let us know when they arrive so they may be there if they desire. Well more blues next time. NELSON GLOVER.


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ALPHA-GAMMA CHAPTER Providence, R. I. From Left to Right: Standing: L. L. Redding, '2;5: J. C. Allen, '23; S. B. Milton, '23; W. A. Marks, '22; H. S. Fleming. Sitting: R. B. Lewis, Secretary: J G. LeCount, J F. S. Carter, President; J J. Gilbert; H. E. Wharton, Treasurer.

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ALPHA-EPSILON CHAPTER University of California, Oakland California Reading from Left to Right: Top row: John E. Bussey, William E. Johnson, James Allen, Jr., William Griffin and C. Edward Davis Bottom row; John Robinson, Dewey Davison, Alvin Nurse and Errol A. Jones Center row; George Johnson, President







O u r Chapter, as you know, is composed of men who are at work at their professions. It is remarkable however, to realize how much time they give unselfishly to the activities of the community for which they receive no r e muneration save the satisfaction of helping the world to reach a higher mark. Brother Dr. W . H . Bruce, who is our president, is identified with numerous organizations. After having served as the Exalted Ruler of the Mid-West Lodge of the Elks, he is now president of the Community Twilight Baseball League, which is composed of amateur players and he is also director in full charge of the big annual Fashion Show which is given for the purpose of raising funds for our local hospital. Brother I. F . Bradley, Jr., who is so well known throughout the Fraternity, is starring as a dramatic artist in several local casts for the benefit of various charitable institutions. Dr. S. S. Hill who was brought "over the sands" at our last initiation, has the most lucrative dental practice in the city, notwithstanding the fact that he has been established

here only four ( 4 ) years. H e does the work for the Government patients and has charge of the public school dental work where a special clinic is provided at one of the schools, and has a trained nurse assistant. H e still finds time to coach basket-ball teams and other forms of athletics. We are now making plans for our "Go-toCollege Campaign," of which you will hear more. O u r Chapter here is experiencing a revival of interest and spirit and we are looking forward to the coming of Brother Raymond W. Cannon, Second Vice-President, as a stimulus to increased activity in our fraternity life. ( >ur newly elected officers a r e : President, Dr. W . H . Bruce; Vice-President, Dr. E . S. Lee ;; Secretary, Burt Mayberry ; Corresponding Secretary, F . T. L a n e ; Treasurer, J. O. Morrison; Chaplain, Rev. J. B. Isaacs; Sergeant-at-Arms. P. L. Jacobs. I am sure that it would be of interest to the Brothers to know that Brother Lindsay, of Eta, left his F r a t pin in Kansas City, while enroute to the Convention at St. Louis, and it has been conspicuously worn by one of our school teachers. Sincerely and fraternally yours, BETA LAMBDA. F . T . L A N E , Corresponding Secretary.

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Delta Lambda, Baltimore, Md. A m o n g .the Alpha Phi Alpha men of the country, is Brother Dr. B. M. Rhetta, one of Maryland's most prominent and successful physicians. Brother Rhetta is of national Alpha Phi Alpha calibre and reputation, as he, with Brothey Attorney Roy S. Bond will be readily recalled for their work at the late St. Louis Convention, especially on the ritual committee. Born in Alabama of parents from Yucatan, Mexico, Brother Rhetta has a rich heritage. H e is married, his wife being Mrs. G. Clara Rhetta, the accomplished daughter of Rev. S. N. Brown, Professor of Bible History at H o w ard University. Brother Rhetta attended schools at Calhoun, Ala., Hampton Institute, Va., University of Rochester, and H o w a r d University. T h e r e are three children: E r o velle, Helen, B. M. Rhetta, Jr., and they are "worth millions to him." Besides attending to his extensive medical practice, Brother Rhetta finds time to participate in, and lend encouragement to the direction of athletic activities of the city. H e is president of the Monumental Tennis Club which stages an annual tournament, attracting stars from Washington, Philadelphia, Wilmington and New York. H e is also a moving force in athletics at the local " Y , " where Brother President S. S. Booker holds forth. But next to his interest in Alpha Phi Alpha and his profession. Brother Rhetta has displayed an! unselfish interest in civic matters. Because of his ability and diplomatic personality, Brother Rhetta has silently rendered invaluable aid in procuring for Baltimore, additional playground space, a municipal swimming pool and tennis courts for our people, and eight colored nurses and eight colored doctors engaged in health work in the public schools. To give here a further recital of his activities in local and national Alpha Phi Alpha, is to tell facts yet remembered. Brothers National President S. S. Booker and B. M. Rhetta, Roy S. Bond and J. H . Hilburn, are among the moving forces here behind the "Go-to-HighSchoo), Go-to-College" movement. This movement is the greatest on the program for the year, and the other Chapters may rest assured that it shall be "put across" in Maryland. Brother Rhetta's words to Alpha Phi Alpha sons would most likely b e : "Robe yourself therefore with honor, patience, purpose and will. Then face the future, and enter upon the work that lies before you with undaunted courage and with unfaltering t r u s t ; having now and always, faith in man and belief in God."

PHI CHAPTER Ohio University, Athens, Ohio BROTHERS I N A L P H A P H I


Greetings: Since our last letter to T H E S P H I N X , Phi Chapter has been actively engaged in working out the plans which were formulated after the return of our officers from the General Convention. Some of the definite plans which we made were as follows: 1. T o make the membership of Phi Chapter, 100 per cent. 2. Surpass our efforts of former years in the "Go-to-High-School, Go-to-College" movement. 3. Prepare for our annual " F o u n d e r s H o p . " Phi Chapter is fortunate in having only three delinquent cases on her record. T w o of these delinquencies have been favorably disposed of. W e are glad to announce that Brother William L. Spriggs, now located at Wilberforce U n i versity, has been reinstated into the ranks of Phi Chapter. Brother Leo G. Robinson, now located at Beta Chapter, at the seat of H o w a r d University, has been transferred to Beta. In regards to the "Go-to-High-School, Goto-College" movement, Phi is proud to have Brothers Lacy and Barrier working in this cause in territories covered by Beckley and Kimball, Brothers Jefferson, Barnett and Hazelwood working in the territory covered by Parkersburg, and Brother Toney, in Elkins, W . Va. T h e Chapter has formulated its local plan of operation, which will close with a program at the Baptist Church in Athens. Brother H a r r y Jefferson, is doing some active work in Clarksburg, where he is Athletic Director at Kelly Miller High School. O u r Annual F o u n d e r s ' Day Prom of Phi, of Alpha Phi Alpha, will be held in the Ohio A r m o r y on Friday evening, May 18th. Phi Chapter is pleased to announce the pledging of Mr. H a r r y Emmett Johnson, of Buckhannon, W . Va. Brother H o w a r d Preston Mayle paid the Chapter a visit last week. Brother Mayle finished the College or A r t s in February. W e were glad to see and hear Brother Mayle, and he has promised to be with us again on the day of our " P r o m . " W e are still sorry to inform all the brothers in Alpha Phi Alpha, of the continued illness of Brother Walker E . Simpson, who is still confined to his ward in Freedman's Hospital, in Washington. W e wish to thank Beta Chapter for courtesies they have shown Brother Simpson. Brother Leonard Barnett. will go to the "State Get T o g e t h e r " of Alpha Phi Alpha men, which will meet in Charleston, W . Va., on May 12th. Brother Barnett is one of the baby

THE SPHINX, JUNE, 1923 members of Phi Chaper, but he is full of energy and enthusiasm. His interest in the "State Get Together" in indicative of his interest in all things pertaining to Alpha Phi Alpha. One of the Brothers of this Chapter who has recently distinguished himself is Brother Young, who enjoys the distinction of having won a medal from the Underwood Typewriting Company of New York City through Ohio University, for excellency in typewriting. In



a class of some size Brother Young came out ahead in a Speed and Accuracy Contest, having written 70 words in one minute without e n or or flaw. Day by day, in every way, we are growing i.etter and better. Yours in the Bond, PHI CHAPTER, 1 lOBARD W. DANDRIDGE, Editor

to T i n ;





Lay me down beneaf de willers in de grass, VVhah de branch'll go a-singin' as it pass. A n ' w'en a-iayin' low, 1 kin hyeah it as it go Singin' "Sleep, my honey, tek yo' res' at las' ". Lay me nigh to whah hit meks a litle pooi, An' de watah san's so quiet lak an' cool, W h a h de little birds in spring, Us; to come an' drink an' sing, A n ' de chillen waded on dey way to school. ! Let me settle w'en my shouldahs draps dey load Nigh enough to hyeah de noises in de r o a d ; F u , I t'ink de las' long res' ('.wine to soothe my spirit lies' Ef I's lay i n 'mong de T'ings t's alius knowed.

T h e above is an exact description of the last resting place of the poet-laureate of the Negro Race. The photograph shows a view of Dunbar's tomb, which will be the scene of the annual pilgrimage of the General Convention in December, as guest of the ThetaLanibda Chapter of Dayton, Ohio. T h e mother of Paul Laurence joins heartily with the Brothers of Theta-Lambda in extending an invitation to the Kith Annual Convention to visit the Shrine of the great poet.


T o m b of



Dayton, Ohio. J u n e 2?th marks the anniversary of his birth.


The truth of that old adage about a naming coal losing its radiance, when taken from its like kind in the grate, needs no stronger confirmation than is borne out in the experience of the average graduate brother. There may be a certain consolation in knowing that the worse has happended, but there is also then a newer appreciation of one's helplessness. When I was a fraternity undergraduate, there was one brother for whom I had little tolerance— it was the Chapter graduate left us and seemingly lost his former fraternal fervor. I had heard with interest the great founders of the organization, as they admonished the convention delegates with the slogan "Not Alpha Phi Alpha for College, But Alpha Phi Alpha for Life," and I believed. But now that I am no longer 'mid the scenes where first the fires of Alpha Phi Alpha quickened my soul, I find it hard to be that enthusiastic fraternal man, which once I behave I was. But realizing, more than ever, the great influence for good which fraternizing may have upon the individual, I will not allow myself to lose its spell, which set my foot in the path aright and turned my face towards the East. Tuskegee may well be called a shrine, to which the great men of the age go and sojourn from time to time—Alpha Phi Alpha being no exception to this. At present there are eight graduate brothers employed at the institute, who meet occasional)- and discuss, among other things, the advisability of requesting that a graduate Chapter be established here. The John A. Andrew clinic has just closed its animal session, bringing, as it did, many prominent fraternity physicians to our door, including Brother Doctor U. G. Dailey, of Chicago. (Theta, honorary) and Brother Doctor R. M. Fowler, of Atlantic City, (Omicron. charter president). Tuskegee congratulates Alpha Phi Alpha in having such illustrious gentlemen upon its roster. When Brother W. T. B. Williams returned from his governmental work in Haiti, the Alpha Phi Alpha group here gave an appetizing "Stag" in his honor at the Hotel Bulls. A rare collection of weird Haitian trinkets was displayed, and first-hand information from the little island, an interesting and enjoyable program was held. Brother J. Procope, of Eta, is again a temporary widower, inasmuch as the wife has returned to New York City for the summer. Should Brother Procope be caught singing, "My Wife's Gone to the Country, Hoo-ray! Hoo-ray" ! he shall certainly be reported.


Every Alpha Phi Alpha man at Tuskegee joins heartily in the "Go-to-College" movement and a successful campaign is desired for every Chapter. Fraternally yours, G. NORMAN ADAMSON,







Cupid's Victim. Cupid, without being sworn, deposes and says that Brother Benjamin T. Johnson, of Alpha Eta Chapter, Harvard University, entered into marriage with Miss Mary Frances Barker, of Boston, Mass., on March 24, last. While Brother Johnson's engagement had been definitely known by virtue of the bride wearing an unusually large and beautiful diamond on the occasion of the annual dance of Alpha Eta, February 22nd, the actual event came as a complete surprise even to his closest friends. Brother Johnson is a graduate of Howard University, Class 1919, Cum Laude, and the Graduate School of Business Administration of Harvard University, Class L92L. He has been in the Babson's Statistical Establishment, at Wellesley Hills, Mass., as assistant to the treasurer and purchasing agent. As such his work brings him in touch with the many leading men who are connected with Babson's Institute and those with whom this institution has connection. His work at this place has been of a high character and his advancement has been steady. Alpha Eta is pleased to know of its former president's marriage. Brother



Johnson's bride is a graduate of Simmons College in Massachusetts and was a bacteriologist for the State and Forsythe Hospital in Boston. She is an extremely accomplished and pleasing lady; and Brother Charles W . Warfield, Phi Chapter, and of Buckhannon. W. Va., thinks that the world is just the most wonderful place nowa-days. H e sees beauty in scenery in the setting sun, in the placid waters and in every thing now-a-days. ''It has this effect upon some people." Brother Warfield is engaged to Miss Florence Hayes, of Athens, O h i o ; and T w o at a shot of the arrow was the surprise that greeted Upsilon Chapter when that Chapter received a message from cupid saying: " T h e engagement of Brother Thomas Clarke to Miss I r m a Frazier, a Kansas City high school teacher, and a member of Beta Omega, of Alpha Kappa Alpha, is hereby broadcasted" and ".Announcement may be given that Brother Chauncey Downs is married now. H e crossed the bar with Miss Onie Lorraine Fontaine, of Kansas City; and Brother F r a n k T . Wilson, the splendid president of Nu Chapter, staunch and faithful worker for all of the endeavors of Alpha Phi Alpha, has exchanged his pin with Miss Anna L. Dorsey, of Orange, N. J., who is a member of the Delta Sigma Theta Sorority and a graduate of Wilberforce University. Brother Wilson is now serving his second term as president of Nu Chapter and is the type of man that Alpha Phi Alpha gladly boasts of as its own; and Brother Dr. E. E. Campbell, of The'.a-Iambda Chapter couldn't stand it any longer ; he says that he has something to live for too. Alpha Phi Alpha extends its whole-hearted approbation in his engagement to Miss Hortense Anderson, of Dayton, O h i o ; and It has suddenly come to the attention of Cupid, that Brother John E. Burr, of Alpha Kappa Chapter, has succumbed to Dan Cupid's exhausting pace. Miss Sara Q. Walker, formerly of Boston, and at present private secretary to Dr. DeBerry, has captured Alpha Kappa Chapter's vice-president's heart and soul completely; and T h e soothing arms of love have tenderly encircled Brother Milliard S. Duncan, Secretary of Alpha Kappa Chapter. Miss Ruth M. Pitt's of Springfield is proudly wearing the coveted pin. Miss Pitts is a graduate of the Commercial High School of Springfield, M a s s ; and Further, Cupid sayeth not.

B R O T H E R F R A N K T.


President of Nu Chapter On a wintry night in January, of the year 1!)1!). the gates of Alpha Phi Alpha swung wide and received within the borders of N u Chapter an illustrious son. From the date of his initiation Brother Frank T. Wilson has been an enthusiastic worker in all departments of Chapter activity, and much to his credit he has mounted the summit from neophite to his second year's presidency of Nu Chapter. Brother Wilson entered the College of A r t s and Sciences at Lincoln University in September, 1!)17. As a freshman he was the first president of his class, and in this position won the e: teem of all his fellow students, in successive years he made himsef active in every phase of collegiate activity. During the years of '18, '10, '20, and '21, he was a member of the college football t e a m ; in '20, '21, '22, and '23 he donned the baseball uniform of his alma m a t e r ; as an executive there has been a series of presidencies which he has honorably filled; he maintained a remarkable standing during his college days and graduated with honors in 1921. Nu was thrice blessed when Brother Wilson returned to the University in the fall of '21, to begin the study of theology. F o r three successive years he has been honored with the presidency of the local Y. M. C. A., and is now president of the Middle Atlantic Y. M. C. A. conference which will meet at Storer College in October. A s a speaker we only need to remind the delegates to the Fifteenth Convention that it was Brother Wilson who gripped their souls at the memorable occasion of the annual banquet.

THE SPHINX, JUNE, 1923 That was but a sample of his fluency and profundity as a public speaker. Other than winning some of the most coveted prizes offered by the University, this noble son of Alpha has held an instructorship in the Latin department for three years. His success has by no means robbed him of his great cosmopolitan spirit and unassuming disposition, for brother Wilson is held in highest esteem by every student of the University, and has in a very manly way won the respect of each member of the University faculty. With all the earnestness which has characterized his work there has still been time for the operation of Cupid's dart. The good president of Nu Chapter has exchanged pins with Miss Anna L. Dorsey, of Orange, N. J., who is a member of the Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, and a graduate of Wilberforce University. NU C H A P T E R Lincoln University, Pennsylvania BROTHERS IN ALPHA P H I ALPHA,

Greetings: Nu is pressing onward to the zenith of achievement as one of the most progressive Chapters of the oldest of Negro fraternities. Our "Go-to-High-School, Go-to-College" drive has been launched with the greatest amount of vim and energy that was possible fur the president and the chairman of the Educational Committee to give to this noble undertaking, which means so much to America and to our people. The climax of our drive comes on Sunday, May 3, when we have arranged for a gala occasion, with Brother William Lloyd Imes, of Rho, as our principal speaker. Nu has striven to reach as many points as possible in this, its most extensive and intensive educational week. The Annual Relay Dance, with Psi Chapter as host, was indeed a very enjoyable affair. The brothers of Nu, who were present wish to say to the brothers of Psi, that they spent a most enjoyable evening. Nu was also represented at Psi's invitation on the night of April 7, by a large quota of brothers who enjoyed immensely the pleasures of the ceremonies. After the more strenuous part of the program, the brothers repaired to the roadside where they enioyed a delectable feast. At the Penn Relay Carnival, Nu was ably represented on the track team by Brothers Jason and McLean. Brother Jason ran as the second man on Lincoln's successful team and Brother McLean demonstrated his prowess as a broad jumper, despite the fact that the jumping lane was heavv, because of the downpour of rain.


As our school year is rapidly drawing to a close, we as brothers, apply ourselves assiduously to our many mental tasks. The finals in the Theological Department are now at hand keeping Brothers Fairley, Rollins and Wilson hard at work. It is indeed a pleasure to announce that our able president, Brother Frank T. Wilson has been licensed as a minister of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Nu will also be represented at Commencement time in the Junior Orators' Contest by Brothers Jason and Sweet. These brothers were selected from the thirteen contestants as two of the six who shall compete for the Junior medals. On April 26, when Lincoln met Howard in baseball encounter, we had as our guest Brother Clark, of Beta. Nu was notably represented on the baseball team by Brothers Brown, Caver, and Wilson, who deported themselves excellently as athletes in this engagement. It may also be noted, that because of financial disability there have been some minor changes in the personnel of the officers of Nu. The officers at present are: Brothers F. T. Wilson, President; R. S. Jason, Vice-President; T. E. Percival, Treasurer; J. M. Rollins, Chaplain. The changes made were in the following officers, which are now filled by the brothers herein listed: W. C. Coles, Corresponding Secretary ; W. W. Harris, Recording Secretary, and Henry B. Sweet, Jr., Editor to T H E SPHINX.

And now as this wonderful school year draws to a close, Nu Chapter means to graft new springs upon her branch of the Great Oak of Alpha Phi Alpha, in the form of our pledgees, who we hope soon to take into our fold as noble representatives of this paragon of Xegro organizations. All brothers, and especially those in the nearby cities are invited to our initiation. Our pledgees are Messrs. Eugene Golden Burgess, William Lawrence Colden. George Hoffman, Arthur Lee Royst r. Richard Alexander Carroll, Jr., William Alfred C. Hughes, George Richard Johns, William Aubrey Marshall, Frank L. Pollitt and Kermit Trigg. Working for a greater Alpha Phi Alpha, we remain. Fraternally yours, NU CHAPTER, HENRY B. SWEET, JR.,

Editor of T H E SPHINX.

NU CHAPTER, Lincoln University. Reading from Left to Right: Top row: C. H. Gaither, H. A. Haskell, R. M. Carver, C. W. Hogans. J. L. Wells, A. N. Gordon 2nd row: J. L. Mitchell, G. C. West, W. R. Coston, P. H. Logan, E. L. Brooks, C. B. Nixon. L. D. McLean 3rd row: S. T. Washington, J. H. Law, H. B. Sweet, T. G. Smith, W. W. Harris, J. M. Rollins 4th row: E. R. Ferguson, O. W. Brown, F. T. Wilson, R. S. Jason, R. A. Fairley



ALPHA-NU CHAPTER De> Moines, Iowa Reading- from Left to Right: ( I Top row: Harold L. Tutt, J. R. Otis, David Hijliard, George Kini Middle row: A. Potts, F. D. Patterson, .1. L. Lockett, James W. Fraser Bottom row: McDonald Cain. John G. Trice. Chas. P. Howard, Rufus B. Atwood

ALPHA NU CHAPTER S t a t e College of I o w a , D e s Moines, I o w a BROTHERS IN A L P H A P H I A L P H A ,

Greetings: With an 85 per cent response from our local ministers in answer to our call of April 29, and with permission of the remaining ministers for brothers to make educational talks after their sermons had been finished, we are now sure of making the "Go-to-High-School, Goto-College" campaign go over big. On the evening of May 5, we a r e entertaining the high school seniors of our city. Several brothers will make short talks pertaining to different phases of college.

is destined to reach great heights in the athletic world. Winning his numerals in foot ball last fall, did not satisfy Brother Trice. This spring, his work on the " P r e p " track squad was a revelation to the most keen fans of that sport. H e has frequently thrown the discuss one hundred and thirty-five feet and passing the forty foot mark with the shot, seems to be an easy matter with him. Trice has not only shown ability on the track a n d gridiron, but his aquatic habits have obtained for him membership to the Iowa State College Life Saving Corps. On the first of J u n e we a r e planning to give our first annual dance and at a somewhat later date a smoker will also be given for our graduating brothers. Fraternally yours,

Among the new brothers that have filled the ranks of Alpha Nu is brother John Trice, who

A. C. Aldridge



to T H E S P H I N X .



ALPHA-KAPPA CHAPTER Springfield, Mass. Head injf Left to Right: Bottom row: Charles S. Stone, Secretary, [Delegate to lSth Annual Convention]; John H. Burr, VicePresident; William H. Mitchell, President: Millard S. Duncan, Treasurer Second row: Harold A. Brown; Roland H. O Blenis. Chapter Editor: William T. Dixon Third row: Otis E. Pinley, Stephen L. Hasbrook, Transferred to Xi Chapter, January 1923





KAPPA CHAPTER Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio BROTHERS IN A L P H A P H I


Greetings from Kappa Chapter: It is a source of pleasure and fraternal pride to us to again communicate with our Sister Chapters through our national organ, T H E S P H I N X . May we begin this letter by asking all Sister Chapters that are delinquent in sending their letters to T H E S P H I N X to co-operate with us and help us to make our fraternity magazine a bigger and better one. Let us hear from you. You are ours, and we surely manifest some interest in that which is ours. It will increase our interest to see your letters in the next issue of our official organ. Since the compilation of our last letter, Kappa has put forth and enjoyed quite a few things of interest, some of which we shall t r y to e n u m e r a t e : Five new brothers have seen the light that illuminates our w a y ; three undergraduates. Addison Richmond, College of Civil Engineering, Guy C. Johnson, College of Law, and Albert S. Carr, College of P h a r macy ; and two honorary members, T r u m a n K. Gibson, President of the Supreme Life and Casualty Insurance Company, and John P. Bowles, who is also in the insurance business. T h e brothers of Kappa and visiting brothers enjoyed an informal " S t a g " at the residence of Brother D r . W m . J. Woodlin. Brother Percy Lowery has joined the ranks of our " b r a v e r " brothers and proclaimes himself a " h e r o " by his recent marriage to Miss H . Gibson, of Raleigh, N . C. W e wish Percy Godspeed. On the night of April 20, Kappa threw aside the cares of its daily life and gave way to the splendor and grandeur to the annual formal affair which proved to be a crowning glory. Brothers from Xi, Pi, and Theta Lambda joined us in our merry celebration. On May 3, Kappa was honored with a visit from our General President Booker, and also Brother Wells from Zeta Chapter. Kappa entertained with an informal lunch and smoker. Brother Booker brought to us a message of inspiration, in which he urged us to look after our delinquent brothers and bring them back to the fold. Brother Wells gave an interesting heart-to-heart talk in which he placed before us the project of establishing a National Intelligence Bureau of Alpha Phi Alpha. H i s talk was highly enjoyed by all brothers present. and his proposition will receive further consideration in our regular meeting. W e are now in the midst of our "Go-toll igh-School, Go-to-College" drive. O u r outlook is great. Last year we carried the message to over twelve hundred Negro students, and we hope to exceed that number. Brothers, it's a noble w o r k ; let us keep up the spirit of

uplift that rightfully belongs to Alpha Phi Alpha. Kappa Chapter will lose several brothers through graduation this y e a r : Brothers H a r vey G. Dickerson, Agriculture; H o w a r d D. Giles, A r t s ; Benjamin Scott, Commerce and J o u r n a l i s m ; Donald A. Gillim, Dentistry; Thomas McA. Johnson, Dentistry; and Alphonso Smith, Veterinary Medicine. T o all of our brothers about to enter upon life's held, Kappa extends her best wishes and requests that they keep in touch with her so that she may know of their good work. With best wishes of all Chapters, not being unmindful of our Baby Chapter, Alpha X I , at Milwaukee. W e wish you all a most successful summer. May we close by asking you to convene with us in December. Yours in Alpha Phi Alpha, EDGAR R.




PSI CHAPTER University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia BROTHERS IN A L P H A P H I


Greetings: T h e 1!>22-1!)23 school year is Hearing the end, and we are all working hard to make it a personal and withal a fraternal success in every way. Therefore, we are all very busy making the final arrangements for the "Go-toHigh-School, Go- to-ColIege" drive, and acting as host to a multitude of visiting brothers and athletes to the University of Pennsylvania Relays. O u r annual Relay Dance was quite a success in every way. This year we had the dance on Friday night in order not to interfere with the numerous theater parties and dinners that were arranged for Saturday night. Among visiting brothers noticed here for the Relays and the week-end were Brother Gerald Allen, O m i c r o n ; Brother Willis Cummings. E t a ; Brother A. T. Granger, D.D.S., of H a r r i s b u r g ; Brothers Wilson, Percival, Logan, Jason and Law, N u ; Brothers Howell and Burrell, Beta; and Charles West, of Washingington and Jefferson College, the winner of the Pentathlon, who is pledged to Omicron. It was very gratifying to sit in the stands and watch the generally superlative performances of the Negro athletes. As one reporter of a morning daily newspaper had it * * * "One-sixth of the competing athletes were gentlemen of color" * * * "hardly a school or college from a large city and many of the smaller ones that did not have at least one colored man on its relay team." It makes one feel that the yearning for higher education is



slowly but surely making it way into the minds T i n ; S P H I N X and to note the progress that is of the masses of our race. Also the caliber being made by the brothers in the various of the competing athletes of color was of the Chapters. O u r congratulations go out to all of highest order. They made a big impression them. It is only through the letters that we for good, both physically and mentally, upon can know what Alpha Phi Alpha is doing, everyone who 1 ad the rare good fortune to wit- hence, we hope, along with the Editor, that ness the games. T h e old adage that "all the all Chapters will see to it that they are repworld loves a winner" was aptly proven to be resented. true, and the black athlete was watched with O u r plans for the "Oo-toHigh-School, Gojust as much interest and talked about with to-College" movement are in shape and we just as much zest on the campus and in the hope that a large number will be reached. T h e newspapers as his more favored if not more opening gun was fired on Monday, April 23, powerful white compatriot. when Brother Sydney Brown addressed the At this time we wish to personally con- Baptist Ministerial Alliance and presented the graduate Brother James Law of Nu Chap- proposition. This organization is composed ter and Director of Athletics at Lincoln U n i - of the Baptist ministers of this city and vicinversity upon the unvarying success he has ity and can be of material aid in this program. had with his various competing teams throughBrother Dr. Summer A. Furniss was the out this school year. H e is a rare, good fel- honor guest at a banquet given by the Conlow with a wonderful personality with which stantine Consistory, No. 25, of the Scottish he can get the most marvelous results that are Rites Masons on March 19. Several h u n d r e d exceedingly gratifying to his Alma Mater. W e were present to give honor to Brother Furniss, can say this without reservation, for we have who carries the title M. P . G. C. A n emblem watched his football, basket-ball, track and was given him as a token of esteem and a p baseball teams with a great deal of interest preciation of his worth and work. during the past year. On Saturday, April 14, the veil was thrown W e have now turned our attention to tennis, aside and seven strangers were allowed to view and trials are now on to make up the per- the Sphinx and the mysteries therein contained. sonnel of the Psi Chapter tennis team. W e There strangers merited the reward, both on have some excellent material to form the account of their proven ability in the outside nucleus of a strong and well-balanced team. world, and their ability to travel the sands of Trying for positions are Brothers F . T . Jami- the desert under trying circumstances. They son, Clarence S. Greene, F r a n k Aris, Preston all are men worthy of their spurs and we are C. Johnson, James H . Henry, Clarence F . proud to add them to our roll, for we feel Scarborough, W . Reid Wells. H o w a r d H . Hire that they will contribute much to Alpha McNeill and Lawrence D. Christmas. A rather Phi Alpha. T h e y follow: Dr. C. A. Toles, ambitious schedule is being arranged, and all Deputy Coroner, Marion County; H . T . Riley,' we need is some intensive, and also extending Principal Rockville Indiana Colored H i g h practice to make our team second to none. Do School; H . M. Riley, teacher in Booker W a s h we believe in ourselves? W e don't believe ington School, T e r r a H a u t e , I n d . ; James M . "nothing else but." Irving, Butler College, L A . , ' 2 5 ; Roy D. ClinAfter this short dissertation it is back to the thorne, Purdue, Agriculture, ' 2 5 ; Byron J "daily class room grind,'' for the finals are Fauntleroy. P u r d u e E.E., ' 2 4 ; and James T barely four weeks off, and we have seemingly Tapp, Purdue, E.E., '25. a thousand and one things that must be done. T h e first anniversary of Iota Lambda was It is apparently well with all of us, and we, celebrated on Sunday, April 15, by a banquet to the last man. expect to come through with at the home of Dr. and M r s . Sumner A . F u r our colors flying. W e wish the same modicum niss. In addition to the initiates, we were of success to our brothers of the various proud to have Brother David Jones and Brothforty-four Chapters of our great and glorious er Prather Hauser, of Epsilon Lambda, Presifraternity, for when there is the incentive, dent and Secretary respectively. T h e occasion wonderful, and many times, seemingly miracu- was a most impressive one because the older lous deeds can be accomplished. members dwelt at length on the ideals and worth of the fraternity. Many of them had Cordially and fraternally, been blessed with years of experience and they WALLACE W E B B CARNEY, gave freely of them in order to inculcate Alpha Editor to T H E S P H I N X . Phi Alpha into these "youngsters." F r o m the response received, we feel that much headway IOTA LAMBDA CHAPTER was gained in this direction. M r s . Furniss, as Indianapolis, Ind. usual, proved to be a charming hostess, and Greetings, BROTHERS : we are gratefully indebted to her and her asIota Lambda was glad to read such large sistants, Misses Hazel Alexander. M u r r a y A t numbers of Chapter letters in the last issue of kins, Bessie Nelms, and Consuella Street.



We are pleased to have had the following visiting brothers recently Brother Cook of Gary, hid.; Brother Jordan, of Alpha N u ; Brothers Jones and Hauser, Epsilon Lambda, and Dr. "Reggie" Beamon, of Alpha Alpha. Fraternally. IOTA LAMBDA CHAPTER.



Greetings: Eta Lambda is still wide awake, and is doing great things in order to uphold the name of Alpha Phi Alpha. Since our last report, we have done many things towards making our Chapter one of the foremost in the fraternity. Foremost now is our "Oo-to-High-School, Go-to-College" drive. W e are following the plan adopted at the last Convention, and we are expecting to make this our greatest year in the movement. Although space will not permit us to present our program, we can say that we are depending on Brother Imes, Dean of Tuskegee Institute, assisted by such men as Brothers Joseph H. B. Evans, ()scar C. Brown, and Russell Brown to fire the big guns

at the mass meeting to be held at the First Congregational Church of which Brother R u s sell Brown is pastor. W e are hoping that our sister Chapters will be successful in their efforts towards making the drive a success. We have added to our number since our last report a few more brothers. .Allow us to introduce Neophytes: \Y. \Y. Pendleton, F . A. Walker. C. B. A n d r e w s and A. M. Wilkins, Jr., all of whom ar.? students of Atlanta Univ<•!• ity: also. M, Sykes, J. W . Lawler, J. Carwin. N. S. Williams. R. A. Bland, H. Reeves, H . R. Bowden, and C. C. H . Patrick, all of Morehouse College. In these brothers, we have Alpha Phi Alpha material and each brother shows the spirit. Fortunately, we lose only four men through graduation from the two institutions. Those to depart a r e : Brothers M c Graw from Atlanta University, and Brothers James, Williams, and Jordon. of Morehouse College. It is generally expected that these brothers will pursue further study at higher institutions which will probably mean that they will be able to function with other sister Chapters. The newly elected officers are Brother Charles W . Greene. President; Brother Lemuel Foster. Vice-President: Brother J. P. Gomillion. Secretary; Brother Dr. C. W. Reeves,

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ETA-LAMBDA CHAPTER Graduate Chapter in the City of Atlanta with undergraduate members from Atlanta University and Moorehouse College.



T r e a s u r e r ; Brother C. C. H . Patrick, Chaplain; Brother L. (>. Perry, Sergeant-at-Arms, and Brother Sellars, Historian. T h e old officers served us so well that a few were reelected to officers for another year. We were fortunate in having as our guest recently. Brother Johnson, of Alpha Beta, Brother Long of Beta, now Dean of Paine College in A u g u s t a ; Brother A r t h u r Wilson of Xi, and Brother Yancey Sims of Beta. Brothers Sims and Long were guests of the Chapter at a smoker at the home of Brother D r . C. W . Reeves after the A t l a n t a - H o w a r d debate, since Brother Sims was a member of the H o w a r d University debating team to Atlanta* Eta Lambda feels proud of the 3-0 victory of t h e Atlanta University debating team over that of H o w a r d University in that, it was Neophyte Pendleton who played such a great part in the victory. Although this was a case •of b r o t h e r s divided^ j e t the strong Alpha Phi Alpha spirit was shown by both brothers throughout the debate. Brother Wilson's mission here was indeed a sad one, in t h a t it was the sudden "death of a relative that caused him to come, h u t we are stjrc that Brother Wilson has the heart-felt sympathy of every Alpha Phi Alp h a brotlifcj-. W e Wfere very glad to greet Brother Earl MOss of Alpha-Alpha, Cincinnati, in our city d u r i n g March. H e was here On "important business." Fraternally yours, FRED A.





S t a t e U n i v e r s i t y of Iowa, I o w a City, I o w a BROTHERS IN A L P H A P H I


Greetings: A s the school y e a r draws to a close, we find Alpha-Theta passing her first milestone in Alpha Phi Alpha. Since we are affiliated with the largest and best college fraternity for colored college men of creditable caliber, Alpha-Theta feels that she is duly proud of some of the active brothers that will see Alpha Phi Alpha •persist with all her principles upheld. Like all fraternal organizations, Alpha Phi Alpha has some brothers who are dormant at times about current issues, and do not seem to be enlivened with the spark of pep that will keep all matters sounded. T h e splendid example that is up before all of us is the example of Brother ()scar C. Brown. It is needless to enumerate the many good things that Brother Brown is doing for all of us in common, since his election tci the position of Editor of T H E S P H I N X .

T h e one thing that stands out from his work is that he is Alpha Phi Alpha all the time. H i s work for our organization is a pleasure for him. It has been said, " F i n d your work and then make a p.?a;ure of it." The most credit comes from such an end in view. Therefore, let every Alpha Phi Alpha man take this as the classic example and profit and see our old fraternity thrive. T h r e e cheers for the old Alpha Phi Alpha spirit. Alpha-Theta held its initiation on M a r c h 10th. T w o new brothers who are fully imbued with Alpha Phi Alpha, passed the necessary requirements and safely landed across the sands of the desert to the sweet haven of rest and happiness. They are Brothers Russell Caldwell Ragland, Liberal A r t s I, of Peoria, 111., a n d William Joseph McCord, Liberal A r t s I I , of Kansas City, Kans. Brother McCord recently took 3rd place in a declamatory -contest, speaking on "Booker T. Washington and the Race Problem." Many contestants participated in this event. Much interest and a m u s e ment was added to the initiation formalities by Brother J. H . N. Jones. H e clearly showed t h a t h e was versed in all the arts of entertaining the Unearthly Ones. With his voice r o a r i n g about like a monstrous lion he thoroughly convinced the Unearthly Ones of the importance of their mission. A stag followed this event. T h u s ended our first Founders' Day ceremonies. Brother Joel P. Holman who attends school at Coe College, in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, is expecting to make 99 in all his finals. Seemingly a certain fair one of these environs, who is now residing elsewhere, occupied so many of his evenings that his concentrating powers quivered. W e see Brother Judge I. Jones very often of late on the tennis courts well attended. W e doubt his primary interest in the tennis however. T h e strangeness of the situation is where does Brother Holmes come in. The young lady seems to be keeping both of the good brothers guessing at present. The Iowa Memorial Union has selected one Alpha man, out of the seventy-five students selected from various colleges of the University. The purpose of this selection was to organize the state into an Iowa Memorial Club. T h e various clubs in every county of the state of Iowa were organized during the Christmas holidays. T h e only colored county representative for this work was Brother Eugene F . Bailey, of Wapello County. This work continues through the entire year. Alpha-Theta has one pledge, Mr. Orthel Roberts, of St. Louis, Mo. Roberts has made a good record in athletics on the Freshman team, participating in such events as the broad jump, 100 and the 220.. Recently, in an all-


ALPHA-THETA CHAPTER Iowa City, Iowa Reading from top to right, down: Brothers Eugene F. Bailey, Byron McDaniels, J. I. Jones. Russell C. RaglaDd, R. V. Holmes. From bottom to left, up: Brothers J. P. Holman, C. Leonard Morris, Irving V. Muse. J. H. N. Jones. Center, above: Brothers Rhoderic H. Harris, and J. A. Blaine Dejoie, below.




University meet, Roberts capped the gold by taking first place in the 100 and second place in the 220, making both in good time. W e feel proud to state that Roberts will be eligible for the Varsity squad next year. W e all look forward to a bigger and greater year next year and surely "Columbus or B u s t " is ours. W e shall be there. Fraternally, J. A.





UPSILON CHAPTER University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kans. BROTHERS IN A L P H A P H I A L P H A ,

Greetings: W e are justly proud of Upsilon's activities in the "Go-to-High-School, Go-to-College" movement. W e had printed, two thousand educational circulars similar to the ones formerly issued by the general organization for use in the movement. This literature was distributed among seventy-five ministers in forty Kansas towns, and among the only two colored high schools in this district. On Educational Sunday about ninety ministers were asked to preach educational sermons, and five brothers spoke at neighboring churches, urging parents to realize the great importance of higher educ t i o n f,or their children. A number of personal letters were written by our brothers to high school students in behalf of the educational campaign. T h e week was terminated by a large mass meeting in one of the local churches. So thoroughly did we try to carry our purpose that in retrospection we regret neither t h e money, the time, nor the energy spent in the movement, for we feel that they have aicjed the advancement of our race. Upsilon has just adopted a budget system for financing the Chapter next year. This budget will include such expenses as are incurred by sending two delegates to the convention, placing the Chapter picture in the " J a y h a w k e r " ( T h e K. U. A n n u a l ) , Grand T a x , social functions, new furniture, and such things as "Go-to-High-School, Go-to-College" literature, stationery and stamps. Each member's individual budget will be paid in full at the beginning of the year, or in three installments during the year. If the budget is successful, and we are sure it will be, two Upsilon delegates will report 100 per cent Grand T a x at Columbus, next December. When this letter is published, Upsilon will have given one of the most enjoyable spring parties in its history. W e have been unable to secure a hall in Lawrence suitable for a

spring party. Therefore we shall have it May 19th, in Topeka, Kans., about 26 miles west of Lawrence. Although the place is slightly inconvenient. the Social Committee promises us a party that will lie talked about in years to come. At our last meting we were doubly surprised by two of our brothers who have taken brave (and we hope wise) steps in life. T h e first surprise was when Brother Thomas Clarke announced his engagement to Miss I r m a Frazier, a Kansas City high school teacher, and a member of Beta Omega of Alpha K a p pa Alpha. The great surprise, however, was when Brother Chauncey Downs announced his marriage to Miss Onie Lorraine Fontaine, a Kansas City high school student. H e r e ' s wishing the betrothed and the wedded all the happiness that life offers. It seems just a bit queer to all, that, although the announcements were great surprises to everyone, copies of the following songs were passed out and sung immediately afterwards. M Y A. K. A. S W E E T H E A R T To Brother Thomas M. Clark on the announcement of his engagement to Miss I r m a Frazier, of Alpha Kappa Alpha. ( T u n e of "High Jinks.") My girl's an Alpha Kappa Alpha And she's sweet as can be, Happy are w e : She wears the pin of my fraternity. The " I v y " and the Seven Jewels of A. Phi A. A r e now Milled, which means she will be mine some day. Let's hold our glasses high. Let's drink them dry. F o r days gone by. W e soon must part, for now my heart Belongs to an A. K. A. I'M M A R R I E D N O W To Brother Chauncey Downs on the announcement of his marriage to Miss Onie Fountaine. ( T u n e of "Moonlight.") Boys, there's a Misses now i Well, who'd a thought it. Well, who'd a thought it.) I took the marriage vow. ( Y o u couldn't 've bought it. You couldn't 've bought it.) Farewell to nights of whist and poker. I have a "full house," and I'm the "Joker." 1 '11 ne'er forget the days, ( T h e days of college. T h e days of college.) I've learned, there're many ways, (Of getting knowledge. Of getting knowledge").

THE SPHINX, JUNE, 7923 Come then, we'll have one last spree, on me. 'Cause boys, I'm married now.


Fraternally and cordially yours UPSILON CHAPTER, DOXEY




UPSILON CHAPTER, University of Kansas. Lawrence, Kansas Back row, left to right; Edward Clark, Hoy English, Thomas Clark, Louis Sharp and Clarence Bacote. Middle row, left to right: Doxey A. Wilkerson, Victor Gray. Wm. T. McKni^ht George 1 olson, Neal Herrilord and DeNorval Uhthank 째 *ront row, left to right: Nelson Woodley, Beltrom Opme, George Adams, John Bell Lloyd Isaacs, Chauncy Downs, DeKoven French.


ALPHA-IOTA CHAPTER U n i v e r s i t y of Colorado a n d Denver University BROTHERS I N A L P H A P H I


Greetings: Alpha Iota, the new constellation, which was added to the great Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity last year has gotten organized and e x pects to function to the fullest degree. This sister Chapter has a great future and we expect to prove to the other Chapters that we are really "a live wire," "full of pep." and 'raring to go." W e will have a "Go-to-High School, Go-toCollege" campaign in June to increase the spirit

of attending educational institutes. The membership of the Chapter'is composed of undergraduates of the five institutions of higher learning in Colorado, and also a number of graduate members. In this way we have a great fertile territory to cover with our progressive, upbuilding propaganda among the young colored students. W e are working hard and we are putting some of the big things in & action. Hoping for a steady, progressive growth and expansion, we are ever at Alpha Phi Alpha's service. Fraternally yours, W.





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ALPEA-ETA CHAPTER Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Reading from left to right Back row: W. Matney, C. H. Williams, C. H. Houston, R. P. Aiexander, B. T. Johnson, E. W. Wilson and F. R. Allen Middle row: N. O. Goodloe, W. T. Knox, Jr., E. J. Scott, T. T. Tilden, E. R Brown, E. Morris and C. A. Lee Front row: P. A. KJugh, Chaplain; S. R. Redmond, Treasurer; B. C. Bland, Vice-President; R. S. Jackson, President; F. D. White, Secretary; J. H. Hunt, Corresponding Secretary; and E. O. Gourdin. Sphinx Editor


Greetings: Alpha Eta has begun her "Go-to-HighSchool, Go-to-College" drive. Personal conferences with high school graduates for this year, mass meetings, and addresses by the brothers feature the campaign. Alpha Eta has made great progress in her house drive and ere the portals of fair Harvard open again, Cambridge will fly the Black and Gold from a fraternity bouse. The Chapter basket-ball team had a mediocre season so far as victories went, but was a great instrumentality to create spirit in the organization. This year we lose Brothers White, Houston, Alexander, Tilden, (".bee, Redmond, and Allen. Brothers Ghee and Allen will study at the medical school; Redmond at the law school. Brother I touston has again moved the bushel from bis lamp. He has gained the high honor of a Sheldon Travelling fellowship. All the world rejoices with us in Harvard's vindication of the Harvard tradition: and we feel all the better when we read the exploits n!' Houston in scholastics. Brown and Thomas in baseball and Bill Lewis, jr., in football. Sympathy is extended Brother Goodloe in the death of his father. The Ritual Committee is at work on some benighted way-farers who are soon to see the light of the world. Brother Benj. T. Johnson, formerly Beta, has taken unto himself a helpmeet. Best wishes to all the brothers in the coming examinations. Sincerely and fraternally, ALPHA ETA CHAPTER. EDWARD ORVAL GOURDIN.




Greetings: Interest at Alpha-Kappa for the past three months have been divided between two big events, namely, "The Initial Spring Promenade," and the '•Go-to-High-School, Go-to-College" campaign. Both were undoubtedly, very successful. The various commitees, with reference to the "Prom," were well paid for their efforts by the presence of some two hundred guests. The hall was attractively but simply decorated ; our large new banner with its A $ A shining out from the black background, was one of the pleasing sights to greet the eyes of the guests as they entered the hall.


Professor Honeyville's orchestra "got bebeside itself" and played the program out to perfection; then when the low strains of "Home, Sweet Home," began to resound throughout the hall, it was evident from the opinions expressed by all, that it had been "Springfield's best in years." In passing, the writer should like to take this opportunity to commend the brothers upon the united effort and cooperative spirit put forth by all to make these two events the successes that they were. It is that sort of spirit that exemplifies true brotherhood. Our campaign committee deviated but little from the program outlined by our noble president, Brother Booker. Sunday, May 6, was our gala day. The auditorium of St. John's Congregational Church was packed to capacity by many parents and young people. Dr. George E. Dawson, Ph.D., professor of psychology at Springfield College, delivered the principal address, taking for his subject. "The Intellectual Capacity of the Negro and His Educational Privileges." Dr. Dawson's talk was most inspiring, helpful and unbiased. Exalted Honorary Brother Win. N. DeBerry gave a few short but pointed comments upon our efforts at Alpha-Kappa. After this, the winners of the Essay Contest were presented their medals. Benediction was pronounced by Dr. Garnett R. Waller. At our last regular meeting the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: Brother Charles S. Stone, '24, President; Brother Otis E. Finley, '24, Vice-President; Brother Milliard S. Duncan, '24, Secretary; Brother Dr. C. Otis Byrd, '16 (Howard), Treasurer; Brother Roland H. O'Blenis, \j:>, Chapter Editor; Brother Wm. T. Dixon, '25, Sergeant-at-Arms. To these men we pledge our hearty supterms in office, we feel deeply indebted for the port and wish them every degree of success. To our brothers who have just completed their manner in which they managed and executed the Chapter's affairs in general. As June approaches, commencement is on the lips and in the thoughts of many of us; particularly is this true of Brother John H. Burr, Jr., and Brother Wm. H. Mitchell, Jr. These two energetic men are to be graduated from Springfield College, June 15th. Brother Burr is to receive the degree of B. P.E. (Bachelor of Physical Education) and Brother Mitchell is to receive the degree of B.H. (Bachelor of Humanics). It may suffice to give a short resume of the activities of all our brothers at Alpha-Kappa. Brother Wm. H. Mitchell, Jr., was our first president. He hails from Princeton, N. J., and is a graduate of the Princeton High School He entered Springfield in 1919 to study Social



Engineering. However, leaned toward Journalism more and more, until in the fall of 1922 he was elected Editor-in-Chief of the "Springfield Student" our college weekly. In this capacity he served well because of his being the first Negro to have had the distinction of being Editor-in-Chief of his college paper. At present he is a member of the Varsity tennis team and is holding his own with the best. After graduating he is to become managing editor of a Negro weekly published in Trenton, N. J. Brother Burr is a native of Springfield and also a graduate of the Technical High School of this city. He entered Springfield College in li)19 and specialized in Physical Education during his four years. Brother Burr is an all-round athlete and has performed brilliantly for Springfield. He was a member of the Varsity track team for three years, and is also the Eastern Inter-collegiate 100-yard dash champion. He captained the Varsity track team in 1921, but was prevented from competing himself because of a pulled tendon; likewise he was a member of the New England Inter-collegiate Championship Soccer team of 1921. He has also played Varsity football in the position of half-back. Brother Burr expects to go to Howard University as assistant physical director to Prof. Louis L. Watson, '21 and to coach basket-ball, baseball and track. Brother Charles S. Stone hails from our last Convention City, St. Louis, and at present is a Junior, having entered the college from the preparatory department. He was a member of the Varsity debating team for two years. Brother Stone is also historian for the College Year Book, having the distinction of being the first Negro on the Year Book staff. He is one of our best students, and is held in high esteem by all the student body. Since our Chapter's inception, he has served us exceedingly well as secretary, and is now our new president. Brother "Charlie" is uncertain at present what his plans will be, but whatever he may do, by his spirit and abilities, he is bound to succeed. Brother Otis E. Finley, '24, hails from Akron, Ohio. "Zeek" as we call him is our new vice-president; we admit that Brother "Zeek" has a challenge to fill the shoes of Brother Burr, his predecessor. "Zeek" has been running a long race with Dan Cupid, but has at last succumbed to the terrible pace. Thus, Miss Edith M. Floyd of Birmingham, Ala., now proudly wears "the pin of her heart over her heart." Brother Finley informs us that the "knottieing" is to take place June 2fith. "May they live happily ever after." Miss Floyd and Brother Finley are both graduates

of Tuskegee. He entered Springfield in 1920, and is specializing in physical education. He has also been a member of the Varsity track and football teams for the past three years. His special event in track is the 440 and his position on the football team is right end. Brother Harold A. Brown, ex.-'25, has asked for a year's leave of absence to go to Shaw University, where he will act as head coach in the four major sports. "Brownie" comes from Amherst, Mass., and entered the college in 1921 to study physical education. He ran the mile on the Varsity track team and was a member of the Varsity football squad. Brother Millard S. Duncan, '24, is a native of Millbrook, N. Y. "Dune" is our new secretary and we believe as capable as our old. He is studying social engineering and is a scholar in that field. Brother "Dune" has a wealth of baseball ability, but other interests and studies prevent his trying for the Varsity team. However, we hope that next year he may be able to arrange his schedule so as to be "on the mound for Springfield." Brother Wm. T. Dixon, '25, comes from the Sumner High School, of St. Louis, Mo. He entered Springfield in 1921 and is studying physical education. "Dick" is the midget member of Alpha-Kappa. He is our star gymnast and "heart breaker." Brother Roland H. O'Blenis, '25, hails from Englewood High School, Englewood, N. J. He is Springfield's best bet in the discus; also plays backtield on the Varsity eleven. "O'Bie" is serving his second year as Chapter editor and is quite sure that the more he writes, the more there is to be written about Alpha-Kappa. Brother Stephen L. Hasbrook, ex.-'25, comes from Amherst, Mass., also the home of Brother Brown. "Steve" was a wonderful baseball man and we hope he will put his ability to use while attending Wilberforce. This completes our roll of Charter members and as can be seen, every man is outstanding in some particular field. To the brothers who leave us to work in other sectors we say, "best o' luck," and always keep the "light of the world" before you. For a bigger and better Alpha Phi Alpha. Believe me to be, Fraternally yours, ROLAND H. O ' B L E N I S ,

Editor to T H E SPHINX.

ALPHA EPSILON CHAPTER University of California, Oakland, Calif. BROTHERS IN ALPHA P H I ALPHA,

Greetings: The "Go-to-High-School, Go-to-College" movement succeeded overwhelmingly. Brother

THE SPHINX, JUNE, 1923 Allen Newman, in charge of the campaign for Alpha Epsilon, is to be congratulated for the splendid way he conducted the campaign. O u r mass meeting was held at one of the local churches. Dean Hildebrand of the Chemistry Department was the speaker of the evening. T h e large audience appreciated his message as well as the musical program that was rendered. O u r Chapter has covered the northern portion of the Golden State in this important campaign and we feel certain that Alpha-Delta, under the leadership of Brother Malcolm Patton, has well taken care of the southern part. College has closed and with it comes the parties and "stags" that bring sweet reminiscences of by-gone days. T h e "Alpha-Farewell" was such a party that will be remembered by all who attended. It was given at the heme of Brother Jam?s Allen, with Brothers G. Johnson and J. Robinson, 11, as hosts. The following officers for the coming year were installed: President, G. J o h n s o n ; Vice-President, D. E. Haskell; Secretary, J. Bussey; Kditor to the T H E S P H I N X , E. A. J o n e s ; Treasurer, J. Robinson, J J ; Sergeant-at-Arms, C. E . Davis. Now tlie athletics: Golden Bear had the Black and Gold on its track, boxing and interfraternity basket-ball tournament. Coach W a l ter Christie took some thirty-five Cubs to Stanford F a r m to vie with the Cardinal track team. Brother Bussey was entered in the 440 and in the relay; Brother E. Davis, the mile and javelin, while pledge " S m o k e " Francis was the Cublet's best bet in the field events. In the 440, Bussey was boxed on the home stretch, thus being just outside the point column. H e could have easily taken second place. T i m : , 33.2. In the relay he was pitted against a former high school chum. Being lead-off man. the dusky star handed the baton to his team mate ten yards in the lead. F r a n cis broke the California-Stanford Freshman record in the discus event, with a heave of 129V1> feet, l i e also took second in the high j u m p ; height 5:11. Davis ran in hard luck; the mile was too fast for the Alpha man, the race being won in the fast time of 1 :30. Both Francis and Bussey are the proud wearers of the '2G. California called off its boxing meet with Stanford because the latter insisted that California withdraw Jones, the light-weight and Mel Johnson, heavy-weight. This California refused to do. T h e Bruins hopped on the Pullman the following week and took the T r o jans into camp. Capt. Eddie Mattis of U . S. C. got the nod over Brother Jones, after rounds of fast leather pushing. On the return meet two weeks later at Berkeley, Mattis refused to


enter the ring and an Alpha man became Inter-collegiate Champion of the Coast. Brother Haskell, e x - N u Chapterman, has his pin missing. W e will give him until next issue to get the same or we will tell the young lady's name. Brothers R. Brewer, J. Scott, S. Booker and W . Lewis are very busy with axes at the P . and S. Dental College. T h e y were taken in by the Berkeley boys because their college offered rien in the way of social lines or other advancement to colored students. W e expect great things from the P . and S. Dentists. San Francisco is the parking place for Brothers Pittman, N e w m a n Allen, Ross and Johnson. All but Brother Ross are tooth cobblers. They can be seen at all hours hustling patients. Patients ! W e wonder. Brother John Robinson, II, and Brother George Johnson are the Vaselinos of the Frat. They can also be seen making the ins-and-outs of Bay districts in Robbie's little "Chev." " T " Town special, otherwise known as Dr. Dewey Davison, (to b e ) , formerly of Upsilon, is both a scholar and Sheik. Davi.son pulls some good marks in Calculus. H e was all over the floor in the I n t e r - F r a t game. Alpha lost to the runners-up for the cup last year by the score 50 to 1. Brother " S a n d y " Davis made the lone tally on a free goal. W e wished for some of the Beta boys during this game as our boys were very green to the core about basket-ball. But wait until next year. Brother Gordon, while not coaching football or tending to the two kiddies may be found on any night after midnight in the uniform of the Berkeley police. It's a wonder he doesn't run into the frat sheiks because they're loose about that time. A'p! a Epsilon ranked twenty-sixth, out of sixty-one fraternities in the grading of fraternities this semester. W e hope to do better next time and we will do better next time. In concluding we must call an egg an egg and a hen a hen. Brother Oscar C. Brown certainly knows his eggs when it comes to putting out a first-class S P H I N X . Fraternally and cordially yours ALPHA EPSILON,' E.





to T H E S P H I N X .


Greetings: Epsilon Lambda Chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha is now in the midst of the "Go-to-HighSchool, Go-to-College" campaign, and no effort is being spared to make the campaign a success in a big way. As nearly as local needs



will permit the committee, of which Brother R. P . W a t t s , as chairman, is carrying out the program submitted by the general office. Much interest and enthusiasm have already been manifested in the movement locally and we are confident that much good will result. O n the memorable eve of May 3rd, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and twenty-three, two new brothers, Ernest L. H a r r i s , Sr., and J o h n M . Langston, were initiated into and given the secrets of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity by the brothers of Epsilon-Lambda. Needless to say that these brothers were duly served according to the changeless laws of Alpha Phi Alpha, and already the fraternity feels richer and greater in the addition of these two prominent men. T h e brothers of Epsilon-Lambda all join me in congratulating the new editor of T H E S P H I N X , Brother Oscar Brown, and his corps of able assistants, upon the two very excellent editions recently published. Certainly this official organ of our great fraternity is becoming more and more representative and according to the signs of the times is meeting change with change. I am also sure that the board of editors glory in the hearty cooperation of of sister Chapters given thus far and sincerely pray that such cooperation may be continuously given. . M a y Alpha Phi Alpha, everywhere, continue to reach out, discover, guard, nourish, feed and cherish the best material obtainable and so continue in the future, as she has done in the past, to fill her ranks with nothing short of the best—is the fondest wish of EpsilonLambda. Fraternally yours, P R A T H E R J.



DELTA-LAMDA CHAPTER Baltimore, Maryland B R O T H E R S IN A L P H A P H I


Greetings: Delta Lambda Chapter has not been in T H E S P H I N X this y e a r ; not because we are asleep, inactive or dead, but due to a change in officers and a misunderstanding as to date of the issuing of T H E S P H I N X .

W e wish to say that we are very much on the map. O u r membership of thirty-nine is composed of the most active and prominent men in Baltimore. W e are sending our group picture and hope that it will reach T H E S P H I N X office in time to appear in the next issue. W e have a fine group of officers for this year. They are as follows: Brothers Gough D. McDaniels, President; Roy S. Bond, VicePresident ; Ralph W . Reckling, Secretary; Perry D. G. Pennington, Corresponding Secretary ; George C. Page, Assistant Secretary;

George Hall, T r e a s u r e r ; Joseph N . Hill, Chaplain; James H . Hilburn, Sergeant-atA r m s ; Gobeth McBeth, Historian. T h e matrimonial bug has struck our Chapter. Brothers A. D. Stone and Gough D. McDaniels iiave announced their intentions to become benedicts in J u n e . Brothers Joseph N. Hill, Russeli Lane, George T. Mosby, Roy S. Bond, Raymond Carpenter, and Harold Derry are also on the near-married list. Brothers Hugh P. Hughes, George Hall, Ralph Young, Gobeth McBeth, are almost persuaded and are expected to flop at any t i n e . W e have been excellently entertained this year at the homes of Brothers Beal Elliott, J. Clarence Chambers, George Hall, Raymond Carpenter, Roy S. Bond, and Lucius Butler. O u r Go-to-High-School, Gu - to - College roo\ cnient went over in great fashion. We shall make a more detailed statement of this later. This year was the best we have ever had according to the brothers who have been members of ibis Chapter longest. Brother James H. Hilburn was chairman of die drive and was nobly assisted by Brothers William Berwer, J. C. Chambers, Roy S. Bond and Perry D. G. Pennington, who formed the educational committee. A number of out brothers attended the Track Meet of the University of Pennsylvania and were lavishly entertained by Brother Alfred Hughes and other Alpha men of Philadelphia. W e put over in grand style a Frederick Douglass day banquet in February. O n - hundred men attended, including men in every walk of life. It was a great tribute to a member of our race and fraternity. This Chapter will give this year a onehundred-dollar scholarship to the boy who has the highest grade in the present senior or graduating class of the local Colored High School. W e have inaugurated a budget system for this y?ar which includes an item of three hundred dollars toward our building fund for a fraternity house for Alpha Alphi m : n in Baltimore. T h e r e is no trouble with Delta Lambda. We are one hundred per cent Alpha Phi Alpha. Fraternally yours, Delta Lambda Chapter, PERRY D.





A CORRECTION T h e article, "Fraternalism and the N e g r o , " appearing in the Educational Number of T H E S P H I N X was contributed by Brother C. T h u r s ton Ferebee, Xi Chapter. T h e designation of the contributor omitted the Brother's surname.


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MU CHAPTER University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota

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ALPHA-MU CHAPTER Northwestern University. Evanston, Illinois



U n i v e r s i t y of M i n n e s o t a BROTHERS IN A L P H A



With the launching of the annual Go-toHigh-School, Go-to-College Campaign in sight Mti expects to go forward in Alpha fashion with her slogan " O n with Education." T h e following named brothers have been chosen as a committee to direct the local activities of M u with the aid of several of our Alumni, viz, Charles W . Jones, chairman; Reginald Johnson. George Grissom, Samuel Stephens and Attorney Roscoe C. Crump. Mu has undertaken something this year which she h a s never done before窶馬amely, to offer a scholarship in her Go-to-l ligh-School, Go-to-College Campaign, t h e amount of which is one quarter's tuition in the University of Minnesota or twenty-five dollars on the tuition in any other college in the state. This scholarship is to be given to the High School graduate who writes the best essay on the subject " W h a t have I gained from my high school education?" F r o m all indications it seems as though the contest will be very hot. A t present we have brothers who a r e so connected with the public that success in the annual campaign is assured. Brother David M . Jordan is pastoring a very large church in t h e city, and has already begun preaching " O n with Education," and Brother Attorney Roscoe C. C r u m p has begun announcing it to the different churches. " T h e local papers a r e also crying the slogan " O n with Education." M u Chapter is well represented in the different universities of t h e Twin Cities. Brother " S a m " Stephens has been dishing u p " s m o k e " balls for Hamline University in this city. H e is the only colored player on the team. A few weeks ago Hamline played the University of Minnesota a n d brother " S a m " Stephens did t h e pitching for Hamline. In this game he showed rare skill in his " s m o k e " balls, allowing but six hits and winning the game by a score of 9 to 5. Me also pitched a wonderful game against a team composed of major league "cast offs." Brother Stephens has received special credit for his track work during his two years at Hamline. Last year he won several medals for his track work by taking second place in the 330-yard dash at the Mid-West Conference T r a c k Meet, and bv taking second in both the 100-yard and the 330-yard dashes at the State Track Meet. Brother Stephens is of a kind, genial disposition and is popular not only with the students of Hamline University but also with the students of the University of Minnesota. T h e scholastie standing of M u is also represented by the fact that Brother Mason W . Fields, our local president, has become a member of t h e "Philosopher Club" of the University of Minnesota. This club is composed of


students majoring in philosophy. Brother Fields is t h e only colored student to become a member of this club. T h e activities of M u in the purchasing of automobiles a r e shown by t h e fact that in a d dition to the brothers w h o have purchased cars Brother Raymond Cannon, second vicepresident, has purchased a four-passenger Oldsmobile coupe, Louis C. Valle h a s p u r chased a Maxwell touring car, a n d Miles O . Cannon h a s recently made his wife a present of a new Buick touring sedan. Fraternally, L A FAYETTE FIELDS,



ALPHA MU CHAPTER Alpha P h i Alpha Fraternity, Northwestern U n i v e r s i t y , E v a n s t o n , 111. BROTHERS O F A L P H A P H I A L P H A ,


Alpha M u sends its best wishes for a very pleasant and successful vacation to every brother, and the same to h e r sister Chapters. Alpha M u h a s t h e good old Alpha P h i Alpha spirit, being composed of " w a r h o r s e s " from other Chapters. W e put o u r "Go-to-High-School, Go-toCollege" campaign over with characteristic e n thusiasm. All the publications of the city gave us adequate "write u p s ; " we entertained t h e Junior a n d Senior classes of the high school, and enlisted the hearty co-operation of some of the leading people of the community. O u r final mass meeting w a s addressed by D r . E d mund D. Soper of the Northwestern University faculty, one of the most outstanding men on the campus. T h e meeting was well a t tended, and has aroused unbounded enthusiasm on the part of the brothers, a n d intense interest among the people of the community. W e a r e going t o keep u p t h e campaign, so that Alpha Phi Alpha may be t h e servant of all t h e people. T h e individual members of t h e Chapter have been very active this spring. Brother Samuel B . Taylor is starring on t h e varsity baseball team. H e plays first base, and is considered t h e best on the team for that place. Brothers Fred Jordan and Ernest Dyett a r e very active members of " T h e Race Friendship League" and " T h e Oxford Club." Both of these organizations are composed of members of the other race group. T h e purpose of the organizations a r e essentially t h e same, to bring about a better relation between t h e t w o races. Brother J o r d a n has delivered several addresses before these and other organizations, in the interest of the race. H e has also been permitted to lecture before one of his classes on the race problem. Both Brothers J o r d a n and Dyett have been asked to contrib-

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THE SPHINX,JUNE. 1923 ute a series of articles to one of the publications on the campus. Brother Clarence Wilson is very active in the musical world around the school. H e appeared on the program of the school of music of Northwestern University a few weeks ago. Brother George Rozier has been given charge of the training of the boys of Pilgrim Baptist Church. These boys have won several games this year. All the brothers of the Chapters are doing something which will reflect credit on Alpha 1'hi Alpha. O u r Vice-President, Brother Cannon, paid us a visit. T h e Chapter is satisfied with the way the office of the Second Vice-President is functioning. Brother Cannon is wide awake and brotherly. His presence has endeared him to the members of Alpha Mu. Alpha Mu is proud of the way he is working for Alpha Phi Alpha. Fraternally yours, A L P H A M U CHAPTER.


A. A. Tennant, Dr. D. B. Williams, Attorney J. C. Robertson, active-honorary. A reception was given by the Chapter a few weeks ago in honor of Brother Clarence Cameron White, who gave a recital in the University chapel. This reception was held in the beautiful home of Brother Dr. F . D. Brown. Every one enjoyed the occasion to the highest. W e hope Brother W h i t e will come this way again soon. T h e Chapter was glad to have Brothers E. K. Jones and C. H . Tobias pass this way a lew weeks ago. Much inspiration is gotten from such brothers, even if only to come within their presence. Gamma regrets the defeat of Union by H o w a r d ' s debating team. However, we wish to congratulate Brothers Carrington and Robb in their victory. Best wishes to all the b r o t h e r s ! Fraternally yours, Gamma Chapter, PORTER W .


Chapter GAMMA




V i r g i n i a U n i o n U n i v e r s i t y , R i c h m o n d , Va.

Wilberforce University, Wilberforce,




" I n the Springtime a young man's fancy is turned toward the thoughts of love." Is ibis philosophy t r u e ? Ask Brothers J. R. Henderson and H . R. Young or allow me to make these announcements; then you may draw your own conclusions. Brother Henderson's pin is now being worn by a Miss Dorothy l.omax of Lynchburg, Va., who is a member of the Senior college class at H a r t s horn Memorial College in Richmond. As J lartshorn and Union are in the same city, we can easily see how this romance came about. Brother Young's pin is being worn by a Miss Maud Randolph, who is teaching in this state. Brother Young has a big car which he has driven all over the state looking for his ideal. H e says that he has found her at last. Congratulations to our good Brothers and Sisters! W e congratulate Brother Henderson also in his victory at the "National Star Oratorical Contest," which was held in New York City last month. T h e "Go-to-High-School-College" movement is going to be a great success this year. Brothers have been sent to the various schools to speak on this subject. Gamma held three mass meetings. One in Richmond, another in Petersburg, the other in Fredericksburg. T h e telegram from our General President spurred us on in the good work. W e wish to intoduce to you our newlymade brothers, J. T. Carter, Jr., W. H. Spurlock, Jr., W. M. Banks, active members; Dr.


H o w far along the way of fraternalism have we come since our last issue of T H E S P H I N X ? W h a t strides has Alpha Phi Alpha made since we last gave and received greetings from our sister Chapters? Xi has grown" slightly in number, but great in resources by the addition of four neophytes with the appropriate formalities. These new brothers are F r a n k C. Bean. Benjamin Hill, Paul D. Redden and James Gordon. Xi has been honored by a visit of Brother Prince L. Edwood, ex-President of E t a ' Brother W. T. Blue, P h i ; Brother Wade,' Phi • Brothers Tobias and Hall, Alpha-Alpha; Brothers Forte and Glenn, Pi., and Brother Fred Wells, formerly of Xi. T h e plans of Brother Wells for a National Alpha Phi Alpha Employment Service, was heartily endorsed by Xi. Perhaps the most important issue at present is the "Go-to-High-School, Go-to-College" movement. O u r movement here at Xi may not have been the greatest in the history of our Chapter, but we are comforted in knowing that it was ardently supported. Under the immediate direction of our President. Brother R. I. McGee, Xi carried on an extensive campaign. Xi has put forth a special effort to line up all of the brothers of this Chapter who by graduation are located elsewhere. It is inspiring to read the fervent and heart throbbing letters of our brothers who are laboring in all sections of the country.



We here take the opportunity to announce education. The Director, Brother Wood, outthe transfer of Brother Geo. J. Banks to Beta, lined the purpose of the campaign, and called Brother Drew to Alpha-Nu and Brothers on Brothers James E. Fladger, President; Prince L. Edwoods and W. K. Saunders, who Stanton and Scott to Theta. Brother Curtis Garvin is the proud father made arousing appeals on the subject "Go of a bouncing baby girl, Maxine Elizabeth. to School." We congratulate Brother and Mrs. Garvin. On' Friday evening a banquet was given at Craigg's in honor of the Negro graduating The Chapter house has been the scene of many parties and entertainments—too numer- students of New York City high schools for 1923. We feel that this was one of our most ous to even comment on, but the one fostered by Brothers Freeman, Ferebee and Wright effective appeals, in that the brothers came will long be remembered. On May 7th, The in direct contact with senior high school stuSphinx Club and Pyramin Club gave a ban- dents who must decide within the next few quet for Alpha Phi Alpha and Delta Sigma months whether or not they shall go to colTheta in Beacon Gymnasium. The setting lege. Brother Dr. E. P. Roberts served as was that of the Lebeom desert, and Scott's toastmaster at the dinner, which was adblow-torch syncopaters 'neath the sheltering dressed by Brother President James E. Fladgpalms, sent forth music that would make the er. Prince L. Edwoods, Dr. Leo Fitz Nearon, sentinel of the ages sway. Miss Julia Mae and Mrs. McDougall, Vocational Counsel. Kirk, a pretty little co-ed, exacted an Egyp- There were six high schools represented and tian dance that brought forth hearty applause every guest expressed a desire to enter college next September. Mrs. E. P. Roberts, from all present. Xi acknowledges with apprecation invita- who accompanied her other half to the last tions to the annual affairs of Kappa, Phi and convention in St. Louis, served very becomingly as chaperon for the young ladies. On Iota Chapters. The brothers here are still holding their Sunday, May 6th, Eta Chapter culminated a own in all phases of campus life. Brother C. week's strenuous effort in what was termed F. McGee, as captain of the Basketeers, closed by the public the greatest mass meeting ever the season undefeated. In tract we shall see witnessed in Harlem. Arising unannounced Brother C. T. Ferebee in the 100 and 220, and unsolicited Dr. Butler, a retired physician Brother O. A. Freeman sprint the 440 and and realty dealer of this city, speaking for double quarter and Brother Sedwick high the massive audience filling the hugs Casino, jump, pole vault and throw the javalin. Bro- said that "the meeting is the best of its kind thers Ferebee and Freeman have also won ever held in Harlem and we hope that you will repeat it soon." Brother Dr. W. E. B. berths on the 'varsity relay team. It is regrettable that mention cannot be DuBois, who spoke on the subject, "Send made of all the Chapter activities; but space Your Child to College," was at his best in and time will not permit. Xi extends her best presenting his clear and logical appeal. Speaking from the scenic stage of the New Renaiswishes to all sister Chapters. sance and clothed in a cap and gown and hood Fraternally, of crimson, Brother DuBois stood as a monuO T I S A. FREEMAN, JR. ment to the cultural influences of the college. Musical selections were rendered by Mr. JosETA C H A P T E R eph E. Lymas, violinist; Miss Christine Doswell, dramatic soprano; Brother Paul RobeNew York City son, baritone; Mr. Carroll Clark, baritone; BROTHERS, ALL, Greetings: Brother Lyndon Hoffman Caldwell, Mus. B., and Brother Fletcher H. Henderson. Such a "GO TO HIGH SCHOOL, GO TO host of artists was worthy of a metropolitan COLLEGE" opera house audience, but gave their services Brother J. Garland Wood, local director of willingly in the interest of our Negro youth. the "Go to School" drive, reports that, conBROTHER DR. WILLS sidering the local conditions and the results obtained, the recent campaign was the best he A banquet was tendered Brother Dr. Wills had ever been privileged to be connected with. of Gamma Lambda Chapter, Detroit, at Beginning with educational Sunday on which Craigg's while stopping in this city on his day a great number of ministers delivered way to Edinburgh, Scotland, to take up some educational sermons or turned over their eve- special work at the university there in gynening services to the fraternity, the campaign cology and surgery. Brother Wills received increased in interest as the last day ap- his college education at the University of proached. On Wednesday, May 2nd, a bean Michigan; medical education at Iowa and Desupper was given for 50 young men at the troit Medical College, having graduated from Y. M. C. A., mostly men out of the school, the latter institution in 11)1!). He has pracurging them to go to school or continue their ticed for the last four years in Detroit. He



is a member of the Masons, Elks, ex-President of Allied Medical Association of Detroit, member of the W i n g County Medical Association of Michigan; fellow of the American Medical Association, and as he states above all a member of the house of Alpha. Brother Wills intends to permeate the influence of Alpha Phi Alpha in the far fields of sunny Scotland and add to our increasing international importance. Brother D r . W . E . B DuBois. who has been on an extended trip to the Pacific coast, made hi;-- first public appearance since his return at the annual "Go to College" mass meeting Sunday, May 6th. Brother C. Benj. Curley has just returned from D u r h a m , N . C , where he has been in conference with several of the more prominent business men of that city. Brothers W o o d and Williams attended the annual reception of Beta Chapter of the Alpha Phi Alpha April 1.3th at Washington, D. C. Eta announces the selection of the following new m e m b e r s : Quentin H a n d s , Richard Thomas, Ernest Whitfield. James E d w a r d K a r r i s , Nickens and Cook. T h e Chapter expects to bring in as many more before the end of the school year terminates. Brother George Clayton was operated on last week for a sudden attack of appendicitis. T h e operation was successful. Brother A. J. Allison, Industrial Secretary of the Urban League, had a very difficult task smoothing over his local affairs following the recent announcement in cupid's corner. Brother J. Garland Wood rang true to form as Director of the local "Go to School" campaign, especially was his ability shown in selecting the young lady ushers, who were pretty enough for any Ziegfield chorus—to say nothing of the young ladies who served the bean supper. Brother A. G. Lindsay has left old Eta after a stay of three years. During his stay here the Chapter increased from a small Chapter of about 20 members to approximately one hundred. E t a regrets to lose Brother Lindsay for she knows that competition will be keen for the cup with our friendly rival Epsilon Lambda, where Brother Lindsay has gone. Brother Lindsay is now connected with the St. Louis Y. M. C. A. under Brother David Jones, the Executive Secretary. Brother Dr. Willis d i m m i n g attended the P e n n relay's and the reception given by Psi Chapter for visiting brothers and friends. Sincerely and fraternally yours, E t a Chapter, Wii/LiAM G R E E N E ,





An angel missioned from above Came down and touched man's deadened heart, New life sprang forth, for then was given A spark o' God—a mother's love: T h a t love which first the infant knows, Which follows close where e'er one goes And comforts when in death's grim throes— The love of mother. With soul resigned, she spends her life T h a t e'er her child unhampered be, O u t in this world of stress and strain— Too strong to falter in the strife : But if perchance her loved one fails And in low lands his honor trails, H e r heart, although in sorrow quails— Yet loves him more. May mother's love—that blessed gift Abide with man forevermore, Inspiring lives to be more noble And saving lost ones set adrift; Like him she gems each passing day With some good deed to speed the way, A n d she'll be missed when called to s t a y T h a t dear old mother. —By


N O R M A N A D A M S O N , M.


Chi '22.



PRESIDENT " O n e H u n d r e d P e r Cent F r a t e r n a l i s m " " W e have put our hands to the task, we cannot let go," is the verdict for 1923. O u r fraternity, now composing 4"i Chapters, with a membership of about 3,000 men, representing every educational center in America, is duty-bound to follow the trail and live up to those basic principles for which we have fought through the years. While we have a large enrollment, the active, interested brothers are far too few, so much so that it behooves every brother who is interested today, to bend his every effort to round up the inactive brothers. W e cannot be satisfied with less than 100 per cent interest, 100 per cent fraternalism. Go To High School, Go To-Coliege " O u r annual Go-to-I ligh-School and Go-toCollege campaign is over, and we have every reason to believe that a high-water mark has been set. It has been gratifying to note the whole-hearted interest manifested by all of the Chapters. Splendid programs were put over and the message of 'Stay m school" was carried to more than 3.000,000 people during the drive. T h e public press contributed much to the success of the drive and awakened new


THE SPHINX, JUNE, 1923 thought in the masses as to the value of an education. We were pleased to note the hearty co-operation of the ministry, for in many cities these noble churchmen led the way in spreading this educational propaganda. T h e actual facts and figures of the campaign are being tabulated, and the indications are that the drive has been the most successful and most far-reaching piece of service since the days of abolition. More than 1,000,000 boys and girls in the grammar schools were reached, and hundreds of youngsters pledged t h e n selves to continue in school. Many essay contests were held during the week, for which prizes were offered, and many scholarships were granted for the coming year. Much credit is due the Regent Supervisors, the local chapter committees, and the director of publicity, for they gave unstintingly their service in promoting the campaign. O U R JOURNAL

" T h e last issue of Tni<; S P H I N X was the biggest and best. ' H a t s off' to Brother Brown for such a splendid sheet, so well arranged and so newsy. Everybody is talking about it, and everybody wants to get the next issu:. Now, Brothers, why not put an "ad' in your j o u r n a l ? Every little bit helps to make it better. Your interest will help Brown's interest, wdl help my interest, and in the end will win the interest of all. Let's do it." MISCELLANEOUS N E W S ITEMS On Sunday, March 18, Brother Kelly Miller spoke before an audience of 1.500 people in Soldiers' Memorial Hall, Pittsburgh. Pa. Brother Miller was cordially received. His address dealt with his proposed "Race Sanhedrim" Brother R. Nathaniel Dett, the noted composer-pianist, with the Hampton Institute Clee Club, appeared in grand concert at Armory Hall, Norfolk, V a . , V r i d a y evening. April 13, under the auspices of the Tidewater Scholarship Fund and in behalf of Zeta Lambda Chapter. Brother Joseph H . B. Evans, Epsilon Lambda-Eta Lambda, left Atlanta on the morning of May 6th, on an extensive tour of the Northern and Eastern sections of the country in the interest of "Citizens-Standard-Service," the enterprises with which be is connected in .Atlanta. Brother Attorney Robert L. Vann, of Omicron, entertained at dinner Brothers Attorney F r a n k R. Steward and Attorney Wilbur C. Douglass, of Omicron and Brother John T. Clark of Kappa, who is executive secretary of the Pittsburgh branch of the Urban League.






whose remarkable address was a fitting close for the Fourth Annual "Co to High School, Co to College" movement in the Metropolis of the World. Taking for his subject, "Send Your Child to College." Brother Dr. DuBois delivered a stirring address that nurtured the hearts and souls of his many listeners who packed the N e w Renaissance Casino. Brother DuBois was at his best in presenting his clear and logical appeal. Speaking from the scenic stage of the New Renaissance and clothed in cap and gown and hood of crimson, he stood as a monument to the cultural influence of the college. Near the close of this "Go to High, Co to College" mass meeting, arising unannounced and unsolicited, Dr. Butler, a retired physician and real estate dealer of New ; Y o r k City, said, " T h e meeting is the best of its kind ever held in Harlem and we hope you will repeat it soon." With appreciation for Brother DuBois and bis splendid work, there is given below a brief sketch of his life. Editor and a u t h o r ; born at Great Barringten. Mass., February 23, 1868; son of Alfred and Mary ( B u r g h a r d t ) D u B o i s ; A. B., Fist University, Nashville, Term., 1888; A. B. H a r vard. 1890, A. M., 1891, Ph. D., 1895; studied at the University of Berlin; married Nina Corner of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, May 12, 1896; Professor of Economics and History Atlanta University. 1896 to 1910; Director of P u b licity of the National Association for the A d vancement of Colored People and Editor of the Crisis since its inception July, 1910. Fellow A. A. A. S.; author of T h e Suppression of the Slave T r a d e . 1896; T h e Philadelphia Negro. 1899; T h e Soul of Black Folk, 1903; [bhn Brown, 1909; Quest of the Silver Fleece, 1911; T h e Negro, 1915; Darkwater, 1920; Editor of the Atlanta University Studies of the

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THE SPHINX, JUNE, 1923 Negro Problem, 1897-1911, and contributor to a score of the country's leading periodicals. He is without question one of the greatest men in the United States and what is more he is a Brother. REFLECTING T H E FRATERNAL MIRROR Reflecting of a mirror by a mirror reflects a double mirror image. They are reflected with the same degree of reality as they are focused. The awareness of the reflection is conceivable not by the mirrors alone but by a being conceivable of the reflection. College fraternities are ideals set forth for college men. College men look upon college fraternities as sacred, noble and serviceable. Every true fraternity man looks upon his fraternity as the best. He learns the value of comradeship and how to live among men. He learns to cooperate with a specified group. He is taught to be true to his oath and to his fellovvman. It is not surprising to note how sympathy unconsciously shadows justice and stimulates muscular activity in the defense of a clansman who is being disturbed by an unconditional foe. This consideration alone magnifies the college fraternities as Devil's Dens tor young college fools. The public without real knowledge and thorough investigation draws fallacious conclusion. The evils are magnified and the good overshadowed. The good i:< overshadowed for two or more reasons. The Fraternal Mirror is not reflected so that the angle of reflection, reflecting the real value of college fraternities, falls upon the eyes of the public. Too often the reflection falls on the desert air, or back in our own realms unknown to the world. The good is again overshadowed due to the unscientific mind promoting unscientific investigations and conclusions concerning the actual value of college fraternities of which there has been but little or no reflection. And then, too, the bias mind plays a hand in misrepresentation. The self-seeking public is largely justified in making conclusions of some kind. They are shown but one side, they know but one side and this side is largely the resultant of the biased and unscientific mind. It is human for them to see the social side and its evils. The secrecy enshrouds mysteries unknown. Brotherly love and truth are all ways mysteries to the man who is desirous of doing otherwise. And so it is for you and me to impart the necessities of man. We know that man is a social being by nature and is an observer of immoral constitutiencies. It is the line of pleasure and least resistance that he eargerly follows. He


sees what he is looking for, and believes to exist. It is the evils and not the moral virtues that are picked and placed one by one in the eyes of the public. The synthetic side has not been shown. The side that you and I discern has not been impressed on the community consciousness. We have lived a large measure to ourselves, and for ourselves. Why not forget self to a large degree and open a larger vision to our people? The side that is not being seen by the public must be brought to them by us. Do our light so shine in the community where we live until the}- know for what we stand? Do they know in what way you are different from the rest? Have you shown- them that you are their friend in whom they may gladly trust regardless to the tide? Are you giving to them a broader vision of life? Are you showing them through example what unity will bring? The vision that the Negro needs is to see the necessity of rising higher on the Scale of Education in order to lessen cheap competition. He should be made to believe that he can and then, see that he begins functioning. The vision is to get him to see that money and economy are what he needs. Get what the world is struggling for and the other will come. Either by arbitration of acquisition. It is good to criticise when you have something better to offer, but to tear down what has been built without having something better to replace the old is a degree of barbarism. Necessity is the mother of invention. Dig and cope with the situation. In offering the- vision have you taken time to study the social problem of your community? Is it of a social nature or economical? Do your community know when to buy, what to buy and how to buy? If they do not there is a work for your Chapter to do. Are you teaching them where to buy homes and from whom? Do they know the swindlers of the real estate business? It is your duty to keep in touch with them and post our people. The question perhaps will confront you as to how this is to be done. The home can be entered through social workers. You, yourself, know at least two hundred families well enough to introduce yourself as a gentleman. Then can't you proceed further? You can prove your identity as a gentleman by faithful and trustworthy service. In the name of Alpha Phi Alpha you can advertise your joint purpose and untiring desire to serve in act and in truth. Live according to your vow, moving out in the name of the sacred shrine of the fraternity and all doubts will be cast away as to your sincerity ol purpose and desire. Teach uplift and how, in the home, in the school and in the church. Lay stress on the necessities of life and the surest and best methods for accumulating sufficient



means for sufficient upkeep. A careful watchfulness over each other's interest should be encouraged. To thy own self be true. I speak such generically. Learn to be thy brother's keeper, realizing that you can not live alone. The Negro is looking for true Christian leadership. We need men to help them scrutinize and idomize. Remember that you are born

to serve or else your identity would not be known. If you carry out life's mission how can you be born for anything greater than "to serve," as a true Aipha Phi Alpha man. When you have done so you will have turned the reflected mirror in the right direction. Humbly yours, N. W. HUDSON.

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WASHINGTON, D. C. Founded by GENERAL O. O. HOWARD J. STANLEY DURKEE, A. M., Ph. D., D. D., President EMMETT J. SCOTT, A. M.. LL. D.. Secretary-Treasurer COLLEGIATE AND PROFESSIONAL S C H O O L S Junior College, covering the Freshman and Sophomore years and leading to the Senior Schools. Senior Schools, consisting of the Schools of Liberal Arts, Education, Journalism, and Commerce and Finance, granting respectively the degrees, A. B. or B S , A. B. or B. S. in Education; B. S. in Journalism; B. S. in Commerce and Finance. School of Applied Science, four year course, granting the degree, B. S. in Civil Engineering, B. S. in Electrical Engineering, B. S. in Mechanical Engineering, B. S. in A r c h i t e c t u r e , B. S. in Agriculture, and B. S in Household Economics. Evening Classes. The work of the Junior College and the Senior Schools may be taken in evening classes with full credit. School of Music, four year course, granting the degree cf Mus. B. School of Religion, three year cour3e, granting the degrees of B. D. and T h . B. Courses a r e offerd also by correspondence. School of Law, three year course, granting the degree of LL. B. School of Medicine, including Medical, Dental, Pharmaceutical Colleges. Four year courses for Medical and Dental students; three year course for Pharmaceutical students. Following degrees granted: M. D., D. D. S , Phar. C. Students may enter for collegiate work at the beginning of any quarter.

f Autumn Quarter Registration < Winter Quarter |^ Spring Quarter For Catalog and Information Write

F. D. WILKINSON, Registrar


Sept. 2 9 t \ 1923 Jan. 2d, I 324 March 15th, 1924

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EDITORIAL T H E "GO-TO-HIGH-SCHOOL, GO-TOCOLLEGE" MOVEMENT As the curtain falls upon Alpha Phi Alpha-s Fourth Annual "Go-to-High-School, Go-toCollege" movement, every Alpha Phi Alpha man ought to feel a new spirit of pride and satisfaction in being a part and parcel of an organization that has gone before the world fostering one of the world's greatest movements. From practically every nook and corner of the United States come reports of commendation and success of a service well done. The splendid results of this educational campaign are unmistakable. Everywhere in the country genuine cooperation has been given by churches, schools, civic and other organizations and individuals. Greater determination is manifested by students now in school and students who quit school have been made to realize the need for returning to school and remaining there until their courses have been completed. The whole program was executed with such a wonderful spirit of duty and sacrifice on the part of Alpha Phi Alpha men that the good results accomplished were inevitable. There is no Chapter in Savannah, but the brothers there put forth organized effort in the movement. Down in Mississippi, Brothers Julian Lee and James Brawley, who are teaching at Rust University, planned for several months to put over the job and the job was put over. Brother Kennie Brown, who was visiting in the red hills of Mississippi, inaugurated the movement there during the week of the campaign. The populace of St. Louis broadcasts the news that Epsilon-Lambda carried out an effective campaign. The same good news comes from the Chapters in the West. Reports from Alpha-Eta show that results were producad in Cambridge and Boston. In New York City the brothers of Eta not only had "On with Education" preached in the churches and insisted upon to many parents and students, but they also did the remarkable thing of getting together a large number of students who had quit school and urged them to go back and complete their education. The spirit of the movement was inculcated in the people of Iowa hy Alpha-Xu Chapter. Mu and the Chapters in Ohio report dsfinite achievements in their work. Beta reached nearly twenty thousand students alone in the District of Columbia. Upsilon had literature on the movement distributed throughout their state and sent speakers to important points. They covered Kansas like the rain-fall and Delta-

Lambda covered Maryland like the dew. In Maryland every principal and every supervisor of colored schools were communicated with directly and urged to help carry the one message for all: "Get an Education—Stay at School." The brothers at Tuskegee joined in the movement down there. Theta-Lamlxla continued its thorough and commendable work. EtaLambda showed the people of Georgia that the "Hope of the race lies in-the youth of today, the leaders of tomorrow." .And this is the way the movement was carried, on by all the Chapters and by many individuals throughout the country. The General President threw a cordon around the United his relayed telegram to every Chapter saying, "We have set our hands to the task, we cannot let go." This message was read at the„ mass meetings held Sunday, May 6th, the day which., marked the close of the Fourth Annual 'Go-to-HighSchool, Go-to-Collegev movement. Alpha Phi Alpha is glad to so .serve. , N^Q duty is too strenuous and no sacrifice'top, great in rnaking such a material and worthy contribution: As we look back upon four years-of splendid workin the interest of Education for every Negro youth we shall go forward and make the transcendent spirit of Alpha Phi Alpha move twelve millions to greater hope, greater ambition and greater aspiration. The spirit of Alpha Phi Alpha burns. ALPHA P H I ALPHA, ONWARD AND UPWARD.

GRAND TAX The appeal of the General Secretary for prompt payment of Grand Tax should meet with ready response by every Alpha Phi Alpha man. No expenditure of such a small sum of money, which after all is only a nominal sum, brings the results that are accomplished with the funds that are received from Grand Tax payments. Consider it an investment in the upbuilding of mankind. In the final analysis this is the only kind of investment that we can make that will live down through the ages. A'pha Phi Alpha is going on and is assuming an increasingly important place in the life of the American people. We are sure that every brother wants to be a part of our splendid program. There shall be no delinquents in the ranks of our organization and everybody in the ranks shall remain. The program of Alpha Phi Alpha shall not he hindered by the lack of a few dollars. It is expected that every Chapter will make a strenuous effort to secure Grand Tax



payments from all brothers at the Chapter seat as well as those who are located away from any Chapter seat. Let those of us who are leaving school this year keep in mind that a brother's greatest duty to Alpha Phi Alpha just begins when life's work begins. Further appeal is unnecessary and will not be made. ALPHA P H I ALPHA EXPECTS EVERY .MAN TO DO HIS DUTY. W H A T IS YOUR A N S W E R ? TUTANKHAMEN His Negro Ancestors and Their African Neighbors By WILLIAM LEO HANSBERRY

Tutankhamen was the twelfth and last king of royal blood of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egyptian pharoahs. This was the greatest dynasty in the history of Egypt and one of the most remarkable royal families that ever occupied any throne at any time. Tutankhamen himself, however, was comparatively speaking not a great king. His was a glory mainly inherited and reflected rather than personally achieved. It was the age in which he lived and the family to which he belonged that was primarily responsible for the brilliant civilization that has so lately been connected with his name. And here must be included not only the great personages of the Eighteenth Dynasty, his immediate ancestors and predecessors, but the people and dynasties of Egypt i' roughout all preceding time. For the civilisation of Tutankhamen's day was an accumulated achievement—its beginnings and founda;'cns going back into the remotest ages of cul' ired mankind. To properly understand and ; ppreciate Tutankhamen and the civilization " : ich he sponsored, it is, therefore, necessary '. ) know in a general way something of the i riein and development of the Egyptians of earlier times. The regional origin and racial affinities of the predynastic and protodynastic Egyptians -the remote ancestors of Tutankhamen—are among the most enigmatic and most debated |.; >!>lems of history. There are two principal reasons for this; first, the Ancient Egyptians are generally regarded as the originators as vre'l as the distributors of the basic elements ( .r most of the higher forms of civilizations; .-. .cl. secondly, a cursory survey of most of ,: c readily available evidence—old traditions, s'.eletal and cultural remains, present day repr . ntatives, and the like—seems to indicate ;• imordial affiliations with a region, and blood re'ations with a people which are generally • \pposed to be of no historical import— r.amely Central African and its Negro folk. The recent resurrection of Tutankhamen together with equally as important though less

known discoveries in the past has not weakened but greatly strengthened the suggestions of these Central African connections. Let us consider some of the evidence out of which these opinions have grown: It was a universal tradition in Ancient Egypt and Ancient Ethiopia that "Punt," a country of equatorial Africa, was the ancestral home and primordial seat of the Egyptian people and their civilization. The traditional opinion in Ancient Greece was that Ethiopia was the oldest civilized country in the world and that the Egyptian people, their Gods, religion, writing, political and social institutions and even the very land itself of Egypt had originated there. "Ethiopia was the first established country on the earth and the Ethiopians were the first to introduce the worship of the Gods and to establish laws." Archaeological discoveries and ethnological studies in the Nile Valley and in Africa during recent years have tended in the main not only to confirm but to strengthen and to expand these opinions of the ancients. And these opinions are not as new and restricted as one may think. More than a hundred years ago, Count Vo.ney the eminent French historian, speaking not of Egypt, but of the Sudan, wrote that "there a people now forgotten, discovered while others were yet barbarians the elements of the arts and sciences. There a race now ejected from : ociety because of their sable skin and frizzled hair, founded on the studies of the laws of nature those civil and religious systems which still govern the universe." Almost a hundred years ago, G. A. Hoskins, on the ba-es of his own investigations and those of other eminent Egyptologists like Champollion and Roselleni speaking of the same country wrote that: "This was the land from which the art Of learning of Egypt and naturally Greece and Rome derived their origin. In this remarkable country, we behold the earliest efforts of human science and ingenuity." Almost as long ago A. H. Heeren, the German historian, out of his researches reported "in proportion as we ascend into the primeval ages the closer seems the connection between Ethiopia and Egypt. In Nubia and Ethiopia, stupendous, numerous and primordial monuments proclaim so loudly a civilization contemporary to, aye earlier than that of Egypt, that :i may he conjectured with the greatest confidence that art. science and religion descended from Ethiopia to Egypt: that civilization descended the Nile—built Memphis and finally sometime later wrested by colonization, the Delta from the sea." "The Hebrew poets seldom menton the former without the latter." Count lean Gobineau. the ninenteeenth century high priest of the inequality of races, nevertheless, maintained that, in the great civilizations of antiquity the inspiration of poetry and art came from the black races.

THE SPHINX, JUNE, 1923 "That universal power of imagination," he asserted, "which we see enveloping and penetrating the primeval civilizations came entirely from the ever increasing infusion of blood from the black races into the white. The Negro possesses in a higher degree the faculty of emotion from the senses without which art is impossible—certainly the black element is indispensable to the development of the artistic genius of a race." A generation later these same opinions found expressions in the theories of Herr Reinesch, the Viennese Egyptologist who startled the students of his day by saying not only were the Egyptians of African origin, but that "the human races of the ancient world of Europe, Asia and Africa were the descendants of a single family whose original seat was on the shores of equatorial Africa." These same opinions were again advanced and supported by a mass of evidence a generation later by the brilliant Italian anthropologist Giuseppe Sergi in his now world famous book "The Mediterranean Race," which first appeared in 1901. Truth comes hard, and the doctrines of these nineteenth century students of history and especially the works of Reinesch and Sergi struck the world dumb with amazement. Could it really be that Central Africa, regarded as hardly more than a gigantic jungle of bamboo barbarians and baboons, was the eden of the highest branch of the human race? —that the black man, then represented as being the last to be civilized, was on the contrary, the very creator of civilization? Scientific societies, universities, museums, and laymen, in the quest of truth have, during the past quarter of a century, spent great quantities of time and millions of dollars maintaining expeditions in all parts of Africa and other parts of the Negro and Negroid world in search of an answer to this momentous question. After a quarter of a century of this kind of effort, evidence has accumulated continuously, which in the main, tends to indicate that the question must be answered in the affirmative; that the opinion of the ancients and 'h- investigators quoted above, are in the main true. Let us consider briefly some of the evidence upon which these opinions of African origin of the Egyptian people and their civilization is based. The remains of the earliest civilization in Egypt are for ed mainly of ivory. ebony, ostrich egg shells and pottery. The chief objects represented in these materials are elephants, lions, giraffes, ostriches, leopards. and Central African trees and plants. Neither these materials nor the animal and plant forms represented in them are native to Egypt and preforce must have been brought in from Central Africa. The two most ancient examples Oi the burials of human beings so far known


are represented in the remains of Oldoway man discovered in East Africa in 1914 and Grimaldi man in France in 1906. Both of these are representatives of the Negro types found most generally in Central Africa and are buried in the manner common to Negro Africa—that is, the contracted position—the legs and thighs being doubled up against the body. Now the earliest known burials in Ancient Egypt—and it may also be added in Europe and Asia—are in the same manner. Many of these skeletons have been studied by distinguii bed anthropologists like Sergi, GuiffredaRugerii, Arthur Thompson and Randall MacIver and by them reported to show physical characteristics that most common among the peoples of Central Africa—even the restricted specialized Negro types being present in considerable numbers. Some of the earlier Egyptologists like Lepsuis and Brugsch Bey attempted to find the beginnings of Egyptian language and religion in Asia, but early in the twentieth century Maspero. Sergi, and Naville and others began to challenge these theories and at the present day they have been practically abandoned altogether. Through the efforts and investigations of anthropologists like Petrie and Navelle. it has been demonstrated with considerable certainty that these institutions are, like the material culture, and the people themselves, of Central African origin. Regarding the relation between Negro Africa and earliest Egypt the distinguished archaeologist Randal Maclver states the case quite succinctly when he says "The more we learn of Nubia and the Sudan the more evident does it appear that which was most characteristic in the predynastic culture of Egypt was due to intercourse with the interior of Africa and the influence of that permanent Negro element w hich has been present in the populations of the south of Egypt from remotest times to our own day." The opinion here expressed is practically that of most leading Egyptologists of the present day. It may be safely said, then, that the first civilization of Egypt—the predynastic and early dynastic—had its origin in Central Africa and its Negro folk. This fact is one of the greatest import. For Egyptologists are now practically agreed that the great and renounced civilizations of the dynastic periods were after all but higher developments—the flowering so to speak of this older culture. The monumental and magnificent civilizations of the Old and Middle Kingdoms and the even more brilliant civilization of the New Kingdom, or the Empire, were reared upon these older and broader African foundations. From the days of Menes and before, to the time of Tutankhamen, the Egyptians acted towards the fundamental problems of life and reacted to the puzzling mysteries of death as did their Negro ancestors in the heart of mighty Af-



rica. The polygamous family, the polytheistic religion, the belief in the multiple soul, the doctrine of the anthropomorphological character of life after death—these are but a few of the more fundamenal precepts and concepts of the ancestors of Tutankhamen that were without doubt of African and Negro origin. In addition to these primordial influences of Central Africa and its Negro folk on the civilization of Ancient Egypt, there were numerous instances of direct historic contacts and relations between the two countries that were of greatest import in the history of Egypt. The cultural and political history of both the Old and New Kingdoms were greatly influenced by forces out of Negro Africa, but space will not permit a discussion of these here. It may be pointed out, however, that the power and glory of the New Empire— the age to which Tutankhamen belonged, were in a great way influenced by just such contacts. The expulsion of the Hyksos and the formation of the Eighteenth Dynasty—the greatest in Egyptian history—were as much African Negro as Egyptian achievements. Evidence is now available which shows that the armies of the Seventeenth Dynasty ancestors of the kings of the Eighteenth—Sequenen-Ra and his son Karnes—who warred so valiantly against the Hyksos, were composed largely of Negro sold'.ers from the Sudan. In addition to this, the physical characteristics as revealed by the recovered mummy of Sequenen-Ra and the monumental representations of Kames, indicate that these princes themselves were not Egyptian, but like many of their soldiers, Sudani in race. Nefertaria— queen of Aahmes 1, the founder of the Eighteenth Dynasty—the mother of Amenhotep 1 and the great-great-grandmother of the greatgrandfather of Tutankhamen was always represented on her monuments as being a black woman. The famous expedition of Hatshepsut, the great-granddaughter of the black queen Nefertari and are great-great-grandaunt of Tutankhamen, to Punt, a territory in equatorial Africa, was commanded by a Negro official of this famous queen. He brought back such things that made even the "heart of the great God Amen Ra wondrously glad." Discoveries of Theodore M. Davis have revealed the fact that Queen Tii, great queen of the Mighty Memnon, Amenhotep III, mother of the famous Ikhenaten, and foster mother of Tutankhamen, was a woman of distinctive Negro type. From the Meroitic discoveries of John Garstang in 1014, it seems she was from "the land of Aleye," a country of the Sudan. Portrait statues of her show her to belong to the same physical type as Madam Walker and Miss Nannie Burroughs. During the reigns of Amenhotep 111 and his Negro queen Tii, and their son Ikhenaten, the civilization of Egypt reached the very

apogee of its brilliant development. In a painting decorating the walls of the tomb of liny, a viceroy of Tutankhamen, there is shown an embassy of Negroes presenting to the king "gold rings, gold dust, skins of animals, ebony head rests, precious stones. thrones, couches and oxen." The Negro queen who leads the embassy is pictured riding in a chariot quite similar to one recently found in Tutankhamen's tomb. From the above considerations it may be seen that the wondrous civilization of Egypt in Tutankhamen's day was not an isolated cultural phenomenon for which he and Egypt proper were solely responsible. On the contrary it is clear that it was an accumulated accomplishment of an extended effort whose foundations were as broad as Africa and as old as mankind.

WELCOME, ALPHA-XI AND ALPHA-OMICRON The members of Alpha Phi Alpha are proud to be able to extend a cordial and fraternal welcome to the two new states recently admitted into the Union and Bond of Alpha Phi Alpha. The establishment of Alpha-Xi Chapter at the seat of Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Alpha-Omicron Chapter, at the seat of Johnson C. Smith University, Charlotte, N. C. is consistent with the deliberate and progressive development of our great fraternity. These two new undergraduate Chapters should "roll up their sleeves" and set to work immediately, for Alpha Phi Alpha has hard work to do and is going to do it. With the privilege and honor that go to the men who comprise the charter membership of these Chapters also go the duty and responsibility of laying the foundations solid and true that will stand like the Sphinx. The purpose and program of Alpha Phi Alpha are definite; and straightway we proceed in the fulfillment of our mission. These new Chapters must he ever mindful of the lofty ideals of their fraternity; the members of these chapters must keep before them at all times the fact that their every act henceforth shall react upon Alpha Phi Alpha and there must be no betrayal of the trust that has been imposed. Our warmest fraternal regard is extended these Baby Chapters and we are unanimous in saying, "WELCOME, ALPHA-XI AND ALPHA-OMICRON."



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CHAPTERS (Continued) PI JI CHAPTER, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio. President, J. Elbert Pettruss, 65 W. Washington Street. rotary, Laurence T. Young, 19 Soulh Lancaster Street. CHI CHAPTER, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, Term. President, N. C. King, Meharry Medical College. Secretary, fames M. Bynes, Meharry Medical College. PSI CHAPTER, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. President, Clarence F. Scarborough, Houston Hall, University of Penna. Secretary, Wallace W. Cai'ney, 2131 Master Street. ALPHA-ALPHA CHAPTER, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio. President, 11. T Miller, 636 West 9th Street. Secretary, F. T. Layton, 636 West 9th Street. ALPHA-BETA CHAPTER, Talladega College, Talladega, Alabama. Secretary, E. A. Lanier, Talladega College. ALPHA-GAMMA CHAPTER, Providence, R. I. President, Joseph F. S. Carter, 37 Hope College, Brown University. Secretary, Roscoe E. Lewis, 2 Hope College, Brown University. ALPHA-DELTA CHAPTER, University of Sontheni California, Los Angeles, President, James W. McGregor, 1735 W. Thirty-fifth Street, Los Angeles, .Secretary, Samuel B. Danley, Jr., 502 Garfield Street, Pasadena, Cal. ALPHA-EPSILON CHAPTER, University of California, Oakland, Cal. President, George M. Johnson, T>47 33rd Stteet; Corresponding Secretary. Erroll A. Jones, 820 Linden Street; ALPHA-ZETA CHAPTER, West Virginia Collegiate Institute, Institute, W. Va. President, H. Smith Jones, Institute, W. Va. Corresponding Secretary, Alexander Washington, Institute, W. Va. ALPHA-ETA CHAPTER, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. President, Raymond S. Jackson, (i'.> Dana Street. Secretary, Wm. Matnev, 415 Broadway. ALPHA-TP1ETA CHAPTER, State University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. President, Clifford V. Smith, 609 So. Madison Street. Secretary, Eugene F. Bailey, GOO So. Madison Street. ALPHA-IOTA CHAPTER, University of Colorado and Denver University. President, James D. Hines, G08 S. Weber Street, Colorado Springs, Colo. Secretary, Ari.stide G.'Chapman, 2423 Gilpin Street, Denver, Colo. ALPHA-KAPPA CHAPTER, Springfield, Mass. Secretary, Charles S. Stones, 35 Collins Street. ALPHA-MU CHAPTER, Northwestern University, Evanston, 111. President, A. D. Price. Secretary, Fred D. Jordon. P. O. Box 80, Evanston, 111. ALPHA-NU-CHAFfER, State College of Iowa, Des Moines, Iowa. President, R. B. Atwood. Secretary^ Chas. P. Howard, 204 Watrous Block ALPHA XI CHAPTER, Mafqnette University, Milwaukee, Wis. President, F. I). Bobo, 629 Vliet Street. ALPHA-OMICRON CHAPTER, Johnson C. Smith Univ , Charlotte, N. C. President, J. Riley Dundee. J r . , Johnson C, Smith University: ALPHA-LAMBDA CHAPTER, Louisville, Ky. President, W. H. Pickett. Secretary, Rev. Frank Reid, Care L. Lee Brown, 100G W. Chestnut Street, BETA-LAMBDA CHAPTER, Kansas City, Mo. President, O. D. Pyles, 1201 E. Eighteenth Street, Kansas City, Mo. Secretary, I. F. Bradley, 400 Haskell Avenue, Kansas City, Kans. GAMMA-LAMBDA CHAPTER (Detroit College of Law), Detroit, Mich. President, John C. Dancy, 1911 St. Antoine Street. Secretary, H. D. Shaw, (ill E. Columbia Street. DELTA-LAMBDA CHAPTER, Baltimore, Md. President, G. D. Me Daniels. 531 W. Hoffman Street. Corresponding Secretary, P e r r y D. G. Pennington, 1518 McCulloh St. EPSILON-LAMBDA CHAPTER, St. Louis, Mo. President, David D. Jones, 284G Pine Street. Secretary, P. f. Hauser, 28 1G Pine Street. ZETA-LAM'BDA CHAPTER, Norfolk, Va. President, L. F. Palmer. Secretary, A. D. Manning, 553 Twenty-fifth Street, Newport News, Va. THETA-LAMBDA CHAPTER, Dayton, Ohio. President, O. O. Morris, 430 West Street. Secretary, A. L. Dooley, 818 W. 5th Street. ETA-LAMBDA CPIAPTER (Atlanta University and Morehouse College), Atlanta, Ga President, Chas. Greene, 315 Fraser Street. Secretary. Tesse P. Gomillion, 275 Magnolia Street. IOTA-LAMBDA CHAPTER (Indiana, Purdue and DePauw Universities and Butler College). President, Morris R. Taylor, 450 N. Senate Avenue. Secretary, Oley A. Johnson, 426 Blackford Street.

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