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design \ weeks 3-5 MODULE II: SYNOPSIS

CONTENTS

In this module, students will

At the end of the module,

work in groups (2 to 3 students)

student will make a

to design and develop the

prototype of their design

idea of a second skin. During

to test out the effects

Required readings

Week 3

02

Week 4

03

Week 5

04

Grading Rubric

05

Lost in Parameter Space? / F. Scheurer and H. Stehling. AD: Architectural Design, Wiley, 81 (4), July, 2011. P. 70-79.

Appendix

this module, students will

focus on the effects that the

Reference reading

second skin will produce and explore ideas of personal

Surfaces that can be built from paper / In H.Pottmann,A.Asperl,M.Hofer, A.Kilian (eds) Architectural Geometry, p534561, Bentley Institute Press, 2007

Paneling Tools Manual - Introduction

spaces. Student will use 3D scanning techniques to digitise their body and use the

Model photography

digital model as the context of their design. Student will focus on specific Rhino modelling tools and technique appropriate to their design.

NOTE ON GROUP WORK All time allocation is per person. If you are in a group of 3 people for a task of 2h, we expect a combined effort of 6h

Body Architecture - Lucy Mcrae

1


ideation WEEK THREE PREPARATIONS Bring model/s and print out of M1 journal for pin-up in class

WEEKLY TASKS

LECTURE: “Designing ideas” (1hr) Lecture 3 covers the design strategy of ‘resolution of 1’, three strategies of design and methodologies + body as site, digitization processes & how to work in a group

2.1 Enrol + attend a compulsory technical workshop where you will be introduced to digitization. See description to right (1h)

2.2 Organized as group; students will complete digitization of the body using 123D Catch. (refer to LMS research link for examples) (3h) 2.3 Choose 1 or 2 of your sketch design ideas for the second skin from Module 1 and use Rhino to model your ideas using the digitized mesh of the body as a base. Show your idea in plan, elevation and isometric format. (refer to LMS research link for examples)

SEMINAR (2HR) Module One pin up review ( 1.5 hr) Tutor will assign reading for Wk 4 presentation

Access Rhino tutorials online as needed in the Rhino Training tab on the LMS. to assist you in modeling your design for task 2.3. Some helpful commands might include: Extract mesh/surface edge and iso curve, section, rebuild surfaces, project,trim, orient, network surface, unroll surface + Intro paneling tools tutorials. The technical workshop in Wk 4 will also cover these commands (4.5h)

CHECKLIST

TECHNICAL WORKSHOP 2: DIGITIZATION (1hr) In this workshop students will learn how to photograph a member of their group and use the software123D Catch to generate a mesh. Your task following the workshop is to complete a digitization of the body that will act as a base for you to model your designs.

Digitized Mesh of body

Documentation of ideas applied to the body. Output plan, elevation + isometric views. Describe each proposal summarizing and rationalizing design decisions

understand concept of developable surfaces

Body digitised in 123D Catch - Phillip Skewes, 2013

Digital model of 2nd skin - Phillip Skewes, 2013

2.4 Read “Surfaces that can be built from paper” also read the introduction of the Paneling tools manual (p1-13) (1.5h)

Format: Clearly and logically organised into 6 (min) x A4 landscape presentation. Upload to blog. Bring Rhino Working File to class on a USB DUE: Week 4 Seminar 2


design WEEK FOUR PREPARATIONS Bring laptop & models/materials to class for working on your design

WEEKLY TASKS

LECTURE: “Design Effects” (1hr) Lecture 4 covers + Designing effects through material + What is personal spaces and design of personal space + Precedent study and analysis + Model photography

2.5 Enrol + attend a compulsory technical workshop where you will be introduced to Advanced Rhino + Panelling. (1h) 2.6 Select a precedent example from the LMS. Diagram the precedent concept (donwload and use the provided template from the LMS) and consider how it could influence your own design (1.5h) 2.7 Futher develop your Rhino model incorporating ideas from your precedent study. Test out at least two version of your design. Review online tutorials for Rhino + Paneling Tools as needed (5h)

SEMINAR (2HR)

CHECKLIST

Attended W03 - Advanced Rhino + Paneling

Diagrams of selected precedent using the provided template

Images of the digitised model further developed in Rhino. Output plan, elevation + isometric views

2.8 Read Lost in Parameter Space\ Scheurer,Stehling. Prepare your answers to the reading questions (1h)

Reading review (15min) + Intro to Precedent research template (5min) Tutor Tech and Design help (1 hr 40 min) The assistance of an additional Technical tutor will be available at this tutorial to help you with Rhino modelling

2.9 Set up photo stage in your bedroom/workspace - see instructions in Appendix (0.5h) 2.10 Layout your work from week 3 and 4 within the student journal template arranging the content to tell the story of your design and represent your ideas clearly. Print pages to pin up in week 5 tutorial (0.5h)

S/S 2011 collection - Winde Rienstra, 2011

300 word response to assigned reading in preparation for class discussion

Photostage assembled

Draft journal presentation for pinup in Wk 5 Format: Clearly and logically organised into 6 (min) x A4 landscape presentation. Upload to blog. Bring A4 printouts to class for pin up in Wk 5. Bring Rhino Working File to class DUE: Week 5 Seminar 3


design WEEK FIVE PREPARATIONS

WEEKLY TASKS

LECTURE: “Prototypes” (1hr)

Bring to seminar: -Rhino model file of original model and its extended versions -models/materials -print out of draft M2 presentation -A list of question / problems for discussion with tutor and for technical tutorial

SEMINAR (2HR)

Lecture 5 covers the function of prototypes Peer Review form + Hard copy issued in lecture + Digital copy on the LMS (due in week 6)

2.11 Prototype one segment or fragment of your design using material as negotiated with your design tutor. View relevant tutorials on the the LMS as directed by your tutor . (refer to LMS research link for prototype examples) (6h)

CHECKLIST

1 x physical prototype ( part or segment of whole tested at full scale)

2.12 Photograph to test the effects. (1h)

Photographs and descriptions of prototype testing material

2.13 Prepare Module 2 Journal for design review in Wk 6 . Include content from tasks 2.1-2.12. Describe your idea development in clear and logical steps.

A4 presentation uploaded to the LMS using ISSUU for presentation in Wk 6

Reading Presentation (15 mins) Include in journal analysis of theory and Pin up Review of M2 draft (1 hr) Group Work + Tech Support (45 mins) The assistance of an additional Technical tutor will be available at this tutorial

precedents drawn from the lectures, readings and research (use reading questions as a starting point) & reflection on how this content has influenced your own idea development

Completed peer review form

Save the document in PDF format and upload to ISSUU. Create a link to the ISSUU document on your group blog Prepare a 7.5min oral presentation (2.5h) 2.14 Complete peer review form (0.5h)

FORMAT: Clearly and logically organised into 12 (min) x A4 landscape presentation. Upload PDF presentation to ISSUU and embed to blog. Prototype should also be presented. DUE: To be reviewed in oral presentation in Wk 6 Seminar ( after the NTW)

4


design GRADING RUBRIC Mode of Assessment: Student Journal Presentation Proportion of Total Mark: 30% Group Mark

Design development

Prototype construction

Analysis of Precedent Project

Visual communication

Commitment to learning

50%

25%

10%

10%

5%

H1

As H, plus student successfully developed design to achieve the desired effects. This is evaluated through critical thinking and exploration of their form

As H, plus student’s prototypes were inventive and significantly contributed to the overall solution

As H, plus plus student applied research to design in a creative way

As H, plus student’s presentation demonstrated an extended understanding and utilisation of communication techniques

Student broadened the scope of the seminars by sharing their own discoveries and explorations

H

Student used 3D modelling to elaborate the digitised form producing several design alternatives. Student further developed design through digital modelling to elaborate the form and design the effects.

Student constructed prototypes and demonstrated how this experimentation influenced their digital model

Student referred to relevant precedent project and made linkages to their own idea development through diagramming

Student’s presentation comprehensively documented the processes of digitization, design development and prototyping. It also presented the final design proposal using isometric drawings

Student contributed to the class discussions and weekly presentations. Student presented the module presentation

P

Student’s digital development lacked range and/or did not relate to parallel idea development and material prototyping

Student experimented with physical prototypes but failed to convincingly integrate this line of exploration into the overall design

Student’s analysis lacks depth, detail or quality

Student produced a report that was inconsistent visually or faulty technically

Student attended most of lectures and tutorials but did not contribute to the discussions and did the minimum for presentations

N

Student did not produce design alternatives and/ or demonstrated a lack of understanding of digital modelling techniques

Student did not refer to precedent project or show understanding

Student did not demonstrate mastery of basic graphic design principles and/or produced superficial or incomplete documentation

Student failed to attend lectures and/or tutorials

Student failed to produce useful and relevant physical prototypes

5


Name of precedent and designer

CHOOSE A PRECEDENT FROM THE LMS INCLUDE IMAGES OF THE PRECEDENT IN THIS SPACE

PRECEDENT RESEARCH TEMPLATE = ACCESS THE INDESIGN FILE ON THE LMS

Digital Design + Fabrication _ Precedent Research Template

What is the concept of the precedent? [Maximum 5 key words]

DIAGRAM THE PRECEDENT CONCEPT IN THIS SPACE

Description of precedent In your desciption focus on the material + the material system + effects

[Maximum 80 words]


PRECEDENT RESEARCH TEMPLATE = ACCESS THE INDESIGN FILE ON THE LMS

Digital Design + Fabrication _ Precedent Research Template

What is the concept of the precedent? [Maximum 5 key words - repeat from page1]

IN THIS SPACE INCLUDE SKETCHES + DIAGRAMS + IMAGES THAT EXPLAIN HOW THIS CONCEPT CAN INFLUENCE YOUR DESIGN

How can you use this precedent to influence your design ?

[Maximum 25 words]


Thiseasysetupisintendedtoremovedistractingbackgrounddetailandenhanceyourabilitytocontrolthekind of lighting that falls on the model. LIST OF EQUIPMENT •

Camera (can be compact or SLR)

Backdrops - a large sheet (A0 size) of clean uncreased white drawing paper. Different colored paper may alsowork(blackorgrey)somethingthatwillcontrastthemodelremainingneutral+somethingtoattachit to a wall/vertical surface. Place the backdrop so it cuves betwen a vertical and horizontal surface.

Lights - Use a directional desk or standing lamp. Two lightsources is ideal. If you only have one you can also use a reflector (piece of white foam core approx. 50x50cm). You can also take photos using daylight coming through the windows or set up outside on an overcast day

© Alison Fairley

M2 Appendix

MODEL PHOTOGRAPHY SETUP


M2 Appendix

MODEL PHOTOGRAPHY SETUP MODEL PHOTOGRAPHY Lighting Setup Note: A key light is the main light source in a photo, it should be the one that casts the shadow. A fill light fills in the dark side of a subject, it’s the secondary light source, if you only have one light, this can be a reflector close to the subject. Standard lighting setup

MODEL PHOTOGRAPHY Lighting Setup Note: A key light is the main light source in a photo, it should be the one that casts the shadow. A fill light fills in the dark side of a subject, it’s the secondary light source, if you only have one light, this can be a reflector close to the subject. Standard lighting setup

Standard lighting shots

© Alison Fairley


interesting and the most important to the design.

• Composition

Remember the rule of thirds. Objects placed anywhere on a third line in the image have more punch than either centre or randomly placed areas. The intersection of the third lines are important points to consider.

The composition of the image is the second most important element of great model photography. Here are a few beginner rules to follow (and perhaps think of ways to break when you’re more experienced) •

Get down to the models level. No “God Views” unless the whole focus of your design was to be viewed from above.

Try to get into the space of the model, either by placing the camera inside, zooming into the space or using focus to pull the view into the space. (remember if you can’t focus the camera while close to the model move back until you can and then crop the image in photoshop to zoom in further)

The eye will always look at the area in focus first. Focus the image on a section of the model that is most interesting and the most important to the design.

Use light and focus to highlight details, texture and form. Move them around to see what gives the best Rule of thirds results..

Remember the rule of thirds. Objects placed anywhere on a third line in the image have more punch than either centre or randomly placed areas. The intersection of the third lines are important points to consider.

Rule of thirds © Alison Fairley

M2 Appendix

• Use light and focus to highlight details, texture and form. Move them around to see what gives the best MODEL PHOTOGRAPHY SETUP results.. MODEL PHOTOGRAPHY


Photoshop As long as photos are in focus and well composed then almost anything else can be fixed up in photoshop. The more time you take getting a great photo = the less time in photoshop and vice versa. A few easy steps to fix common model photograph problems are as follows. •

Open your file in photoshop

Right click on the background layer in the layers pallet

Make a duplicate layer (this is the layer we will work on, the background layer maintains a copy of the original photograph incase something goes wrong)

Add a levels adjustment layer by hitting the black and white cookie button at the bottom of the layers pallet and choosing “levels”

Move the little triangle sliders under the graph so the outer ones are located under the beginning of the graph (assuming there is white and black in your photograph, otherwise move them until the image looks good with enough contrast). Move the middle triangle slider until the image looks bright enough.

Once your levels are correct, go back to the black and white cookie and choose “photo filter”. Most images taken with home lighting solutions are very warm (yellow / orange / red). To combat that try adding one of the cooling filters and change the density until the white areas of your scene look white. You may need to add two photo filters, a cooling one to remove the yellow and a green one to remove the red tones.

If your image still has an incorrect colour wash over it you can always put a black and white adjustment layer on. It’s also located under the black and white cookie.

© Alison Fairley

M2 Appendix

MODEL PHOTOGRAPHY SETUP MODEL PHOTOGRAPHY


MODEL PHOTOGRAPHY SETUP •

If your image still has an incorrect colour wash over it you can always put a black and white adjustment layer on. It’s also located under the black and white cookie.

Finally use the crop tool (fourth tool down in the tool pallet on the left hand side of the screen) to fix any composition issues (not close enough, getting sections onto the third lines) once you’ve drawn a crop box you can rotate it if the image isn’t quite horisontal to straighten it out.

Make sure you save your images as a photoshop file (.psd) to retain all the layers and adjustments you have done. To place into indesign / email or place the image on the web you should make a second .jpeg save of your file.

Finally the best way to take a great model photograph is to take a lot. Just keep shooting and trying different ideas, angles, lighting and focus points. It doesn’t cost anything and you’ll be sure to get at least one killer image for your folio or presentation.

© Alison Fairley

M2 Appendix

cooling filters and change the density until the white areas of your scene look white. You may need to add two photo filters, a cooling one to remove the yellow and a green one to remove the red tones.

2nd Skin Module Two Tasks  

Module 2 tasks guide

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