Page 1

Robert McGregor & Co., Art Printers, Edward Street, Brisbane,


P. A. BRiGGS LTD, Bookbinder*, - BRISBANE. — 'ft<oi-l, Crorva


BURNS, P I P X Company, Ltd. (TOWNSVILLE BRANCH)

General Merchants. Ship Owners.

Shipping, Forwarding & Commission Agents.

REPRESENTED THROUGHOUT T H E WORLD. Tourist Agents for the State of New South Wales. Agents for Queensland Railway and Tourist Bureau throughout the States and New Zealand. AGENTS FOR LLOYD'S, LONDON.

Townsville Shipping Agencies: Australasian United Steam Navigation Co., Ltd. British-India S.N. Co., Ltd. Queensland Royal Mail Line. Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. Mcllwraith, McEacharn & Co.'s West Australian Line. Eastern and Australian Steamship Co., Ltd. Nippon Yusen Kaisha (Japan Mail Line).

Burns, Philp Line of Steamers to Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, New Hebrides, Santa Cruz, Solomon Islands, Papua and Rabaul. Singapore Service and Ports in Java. British Imperial Oil Co.'s Steamers. Commonwealth and Dominion Line Limited. Federal Steam Navigation Co., Ltd. New Zealand Shipping Company, Limited.

Agents for the British Imperial Oil Company. " SHELL " MOTOR SPIRITS AND OILS.

MERCHANDISE Large Stocks of Genera! Merchandise. ~

DEPARTMENT.

Hardware, Wines and Spirits and Station Requirements.

SOLE AGENTS IN TOWNSVILLE FOR: Charles Heidsieck Champagne. Robertson's Wines and Sherries. Hans Irvine (Western Vineyard) Macleay Duff Whisky. Usher's O.V.G. Whisky. White Horse Cellars' Whisky. Crawford's V.O.G. Whisky. Red Star Rum. Jules Robins Brandy. Dog's Head (Bass) Ale.

Wines.

Dog's Head (Guinness') Stout. Victoria Bitter Ale (Bulk and Bottled). Victoria Silver Label Lager. Schweppes' Mineral Water and Cordials. Lysaght's Galvanised Iron and W i r e Netting. Ryland's " Record " and " Bullock " Black and Galvanised Fencing Wire. Waukegan Barb Wire. Whitecross Galvanised and Black Wire. Andrew Dryden's Celebrated Vet. Medicines.


CHEMISTS BY APPOINTMENT.

(S. G. C O W E L L ) , naimaceu/t'cai

24S

(9nemc&/)

tteen< ^Yiee/j

W'Udfozwe.

'PHONE : CENTRAL 536.

NEAR EDWARD STREET.

Glass Scientific Instruments The Mercurial Barometer is a very interesting Instrument. The rise and fall of the Mercury indicates the weather changes. Besides being interesting and useful, it is ornamental, and enhances the furni shing of any house. The frame is polished silky oak and the scales are silvered brass. A necessity to Farmers, Pastoralists, and Mariners, and a great acquisition to Private Residences, Schools, and Institutions of all kinds.

Mercurial Barometer, Thermometer and Hy groniEter combined.

And TESTING APPARATUS For every Trade, Industry and Profession

New Model Babcock Testers Will tell the Dairyman the correct test of his milk or cream—will tell him if his Separator is skimming clean, and which are his profitable cows.

Up-to-date Hydrometer For testing the specific gravity of the electrolyte of storage batteries in Motor Cars, &c. The specific gravity of the electrolyte is an indication of the amount of oharge in the battery, and will tell if the battery is fully charged, or discharged.

c£* Thermometers Thermometers made and repaired for all purposes where the control of temperatures is a factor of importance.

Improved Rain Gauges

Every Man on the Land should KnowNot Guess— How much Rain Falls.

Instruments for Testing Cattle Dip, Brine, Yeast, Spirits, Petrol, Acids, Milk and all Liquids.

Our Catalogves are jrce - will we send you a eopy T TELEPHONE-Central 1246.

Wilson, Nafis&kLtd.

99 Wharf Street BRISBANE (Next Fire Brigade I.

Manufacturers of Scientific Glassware, and Specialists in Dairy Factory Apparatus, Milk and Cream Appliances, Pipettes, and Measures of all kinds, Thermometers, Barometers and Hydrometers of every description. Rain, Cas, Water, Vaccum and Pressure Gauges made, repaired and readjusted.


Queensland Machinery Company Limited Engineers an J Power Plant Specialists.

142-156 Albert Street, BRISBANE

SOLE QUEENSLAND AGENTS FOR

MARSHALL, SONS & CO., LTD., Gainsborough, Portable, Traction and Fixed Engines, etc. ALLAN BROS., Aberdeen, Oil Engines. CHALLENGE CO., Illinois, PETROL ENGINES AND WINDMILLS. ADVANCE PUMP AND COMPRESSOR CO., Battle Creek, Mich., U.S.A. MERRYWEATHER & SONS, LTD., London, Fire Engines and Apparatus. J. SAGAR & CO., Halifax, England. Woodworking Machinery. SIEBE GORMAN & CO., Diving Apparatus.

T

R. &, J. DICK LTD., Glasgow. Dick's Famous Genuine Balata Belting. JOHN FOWLER & CO., Leeds. Tramway Locomotives. SULLIVAN MACHINERY CO., Chicago. Rock Drills, Air Compressors, Coal Cutters and Drills. T. & W. SMITH LTD., Newcastle-on-Tyne. Wire Ropes for all purposes. E. C. ATKINS & CO., INCP., Indiana. Circular Crosscut and other Saws and Acessories.

Diamond

v

Allan Lampless Oil Engine.

Pulsometer Steam P u m p

P u m p W o r k i n g Head in W e l l . Position in a D r i l l e d Well.

S a g a r " Horizontal S e l f - a c t i n g Roller Feed Saw Bench.

Advance Boiler Feed P u m p .

Marshall

Single Cylinder

Steam

Traction

Engine.

ILLUSTRTED CATALOGUE—364 PAGES—ON APPLICATION ENGINEERS' TOOLS and FITTINGS. SAW MILL and SUGAR MILL, MINING and MEAT WORKS' REQUISITES A SPECIALITY. Cable Address: " MACHINERY," BRISBANE. A.B.C. WESTERN UNION, LIEBERS', ENGINEERING, Etc.

Q. M. C.

Q. M. C.


ESTABLISHED 1553

FISH LAUNDRY LTD. Ann Street, Valley =

= BRISBANE

'Phone

GEO.

1078.

FISH,

Managing Diredor.

Shipping, Hotel and Family Laundry. PROMPT

R. W. THURLOW & CO. LIMITED

Wharf and Adelaide Sts., BRISBANE.

Tourists specially catered for. Laundry Contractors to the A.U.S.N, Company DELIVERY. yV _l

Howes Bros. & Co. LIMITED.

Produce Merchants and Commission Agents, etc.

ilttiA^A*"it»^*^lHillillttitiltililililA

Wholesale Grocers, Wine and Spirit Merchants. TTTTTTTTTTTTTTHTtTryTTTTTTfTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTT

Proprietors of

Roma Street - - BRISBANE. Exporters of all Lines of PRODUCE, BUTTER, CHEESE. BACON, Etc. Agents for the " GOLDEN GLOW " Brand of Butter. " WAVERLEY " and " TE KUITI " Brand of Cheese. A TRIAL SOLICITED.

THE "CRESCENT" PACKING CO., Manufacturers of Grocers' Sundries.

Telephones Nos. 27 and 1434 Central


Telephone 5 2 0 .

BRISBANE ELECTRICAL CO. THOMAS TONRS 47 ELIZABETH STREET

& B R I S B A N E J& Works: Grey Street, Sth. Brisbane

Electrical Engineers and Electroplaters. A G E N T S for: The Western Electric Co. Ltd. Telephones and Appliances. The Electric Construction Co., Wolverhampton, England. Dynamos and Motors. Hellesen Dry Cells. Gould Storage Batteries. Emeralite Eledtric Fittings. Presto-lite Tanks for Motor Car Lighting. C O N T R A C T O R S for the installation of Electric Light Power for Towns, Mills, Hotels, etc. Telephones for Stations and Offices. AH kinds of Electrical Goods stocked. Competent Workmen sent to any part of tHe State.


WILLIAM COLLIN & SONS Ltd. SHIPOWNERS, LIGHTERMEN, Customs and R D I C R A "MIT Forwarding Agents DHlZJlJf\.r*ML> AGENTS FOR Mini

iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii

if

11111 in 11 n 1111111

M inn i •

RHONDDA COLLIERY lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll

BUNDAMBA

Mllllllllllltlllll

• •• ii ft r ii •• in ii in i • 1111111 r

11111 M 1111 f 11111 M 11

11

OFFICES :

Corner Adelaide and Maerossan Sts., Petrie's Bight.

Manufacturers

(]ampbell Bros,

Ltd.

of PURE SU-TALL SOAP COLD WATER SOAP BARILLA SOAP

SOAP MAKERS

KEROSENE SOAP CROWN SOAP WOOLSCOUR SOAP TRANSPARENT GLYCERINE SOAP BATH SOAPS (Assorted)

Roma Street BRISBANE

N o r t h Street TOOWOOMBA

BROWN WINDSOR SOAP, Etc. BORAX SOAP CARBOLIC SOAP SAND SOAP

e o SODA CRYSTALS, Etc.


WATSON BROS. Ltd. ESTABLISHED 1852.

Marine Plumbers and Sanitary and Hot Water Engineers... GASFITTERS and GENERAL IMPORTERS. CONTRACTORS

SPECIALITIES:

to the Commonwealth and Queensland Governments, McDonald Hamilton, Ltd., and A.U.S.N. Co. Ltd.

Marine and Sanitary Plumbing, Including SEPTIC TANK and HOT WATER INSTALLATIONS

By Order of the Defence Department, The Reconstruction of SANITARY ARRANGEMENTS on Several of the TROOPSHIPS have been executed by us since the Outbreak of the War.

Estimates Given Freely. First-Class Tradesmen sent to all parts of the State, and Satisfaction Guaranteed.

bt Wat or he Up-to-date Bathroom Equipments our Speciality. SHOWROOMS:

Corner QUEEN and ALBERT STREETS. BRISBANE. Telephones: Central No. 5803 (2 Lines), to all Departments.

OFFICE and WAREHOUSE: FIRECLAY ANGLE URINAL

MARGARET STREET,

BRISBANE.

W.C COMBINATION.


A. SPARKES Wholesale and Retail Spring Hill J & Fortitude Valley.

Shipping & Family Butcher LEICHHARDT

Patrie Terrace.. James S t r e e t , . Kingsholme J & Boundary Street.

TELEPHONE CALLS: Head Office: LEICHHARDT STREET, 382. WICKHAM STREET, VALLEY, 1206. LEICHHARDT STREET, 1243. BOUNDARY STREET, 547. JAMES STREET, 2723.

r.FOODSTUFFS! Our stock of foodstuffs is second State. Our long experience in this class enabled us to give the public the best lowest possible cos.t. We specialise in Ice, Poultry, Fish, and General Provisions.

ST.,

BRISBANE SuPP,ierSt

( B.I.S.N. CO., LTD. ° t h e ? A . U . S . N . CO., LTD.

Ihe Best that Money Can Buy at the Lowest Possible Cost. We are direct importers in large quantities of English, Canadian and New Zealand Fish, Game, and Continental Delicacies. Further, we are Queensland Agents for Williamson & Co., the Famous Wholesale Merchants and Fish Curers of Aberdeen and London.

to none in the of business has article at the Oysters, Game,

THE CAFES UNDER OUR MANAGEMENT ARE:—

PARIS CAFE CENTRAL CAFE CITY CAFE

Corner ADELAIDE and EDWARD STREETS, BRISBANE. EDWARD STREET, BRISBANE; and HIGH STREET, BOONAH.

George Street Provision Stores

All Classes of Fish and Small Goods procurable off the Ice immediately.

G e o r g e Street, B R I S B A N E

LUNCHEONS and SUPPERS can be had at all hours.

Tables can be reserved by arrangement.

FRESH FOOD & ICE COY., (FREELEAGUS

BROS.,

Proprietors)

HEAD 0FFI

G

^Ts BANr

STREET

'

I


, Telephone 73. j

P.O. Box 408. Established 1866.

CHARLES O'REILLY Shipping and Customs Agent CARRYING CONTRACTOR

^dsQu ^S*

BONDED . . . WAREHOUSEMAN

Commission and Insurance Broker

Goods forwarded to all parts of the World. Agent for the leading English, European, Indian, American, Australasian and New Zealand Forwarding Houses. W "9

Fison's English Malt. Fiona Malt Products. BOND, OFFICE?, AND FREE STORESâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;

93 to 105 Margaret Street, BRISBANE (QUEENSLAND).


" T H I

IP/^M^rV'

Separated Milk in Powdered F o r m *

TRUFOOD

"Just the thing' Aboard Ship and for Campers, Hotels, Restaurants, and the Home KEEPS INDEFINITELY Requires the addition of water only to make splendid milk which cannot be detected from usual fresh milk in tea, coffee or cocoa. Makes excellent cakes, scones, puddings, ices, and junket and cuts the Milk Bill in Half. .,'"' i :.

"'

ii

fi

"I ' I . ; ' "

•; : -

Ili'i

'

."

. ' i lit

' ' '

f:

-

.'.

GUARANTEED PURE

WEBSTER & CO. LTD.

, QUEENSLAND AGENTS

ESTABLISHED 1891.

TELEPHONE No. 2147.

SAM HOP

ST

CO.,

Wholesale Providores. Wholesale Market Gardeners and Fruit Merchants. All Shipping Supplies and Harbour Kequisites.

Junction, Ipswich Road Tannery, SOUTH BRISBANE Queensland. We have supplied the Queensland Shipping Companies for many years. good quality. Supplies may be obtained all the year round.

Everything guaranteed fresh and of Gardens under irrigation.


KANGAROO POINT HOTEL CHARLES MacQUILLAN, Proprietor.

OPPOSITE THE AiLSJL CO.'S WHARVES,

BRISBANE.

Kangaroo Point Hotel, opp. A.U.S.N. Wharves.

Largest Bedrooms of any Brisbane Hotel. Overlooking River on Two Sides with Wide Verandahs. All Fittings and Conveniences. Day and Night Ferry Services. Excellent Table and Attention.

Moderate Terms.


S H O W ROOMS AND

GENERAL OFFICES

120130 Edward St. BRISBANE. The Headquarter House FOR

Everything Engineering & Everything Eledtrical

Principal Agencies: AUSTRALIAN GENERAL ELECTRIC CO. GENERAL ELECTRIC CO., U.S.A. BRITISH THOMSON-HOUSTON CO. SIR W . G. ARMSTRONG, W H I T WORTH A CO_ lligh Spi'Wl Drills and Tool Steel. .DAVID AUJgp ct SONS. •' Reducing Valves, etc. ATLAS METAL .V ALLOYS CO. Anti-Friction M e t a l BELL'S ASBESTOS CO. Packings and Asbestos Fitting". BROUGHTON COPPER CO. Copper and Brass T a b e s , Plates. .IAS. DAWSON & SON. " Lineona " Genuine Balata Belts. DORMAN, LONG & CO., LTD. Rolled Steel Joists, etc. DAVIDSON & CO.. LTD. " Sirocco " Fans for all Purposes. D ANTES, SHEPHARD & CO. W a t e r Meters. DODGE MFG. CO.. CANADA. Wood Split Pulleys. GARDNER CO. Duplex P u m p s and Governors. RICHARD GARRETT & SONS, LTD. Superheated Steam Engines. HARVEY ENGINEER CO., LTD., GLASGOW. Sugar Mill Machinery.

^.IMJM&w/?^ BRISBANE

IRON AND STEEL IMPORTERS, MACHINERY MERCHANTS,

Electrical and Mechanical Engineers. Specialists in Steam Users' Requisites, Electric Power Plants and Supplies. HEAD OFFICE:

HORNER EDWARD and CHARLOTTE STREETS

BRISBANE Cable Address: " Esca."

BULK STORE and IRONYARD!: Corner o f

George & Margaret Sts. BRISBANE.

Telegraph Address: " Engineering Supply Co." Trade Mark: ESCA.

Principal Agencies: W. T. HENLEY'S TELEGRAPH WORKS, LTD. Electric Wires and Cables. UUNSLET ENGINE CO.. LEEDS. Light Locomotives. INGERSOLL RAND CO. Pneumatic Tools, Compressors, Rock Drills, Coal Mining Machinery. FRANK PEARN, Triplex Pumps. RANSOMES, SIMS & JEFFRIES. Portable and Traction Engines, Threshers, etc. STOVER CO., " Samson " Windmills. A. & P. STEVEN, GLASGOW. Passenger and Goods Elevators. JOHN TULLIS & SON, GLASGOW. Leather and other Beltings. THOMPSON & CO., CASTLEMAINE. Mining Machinery, Boilers, HighGrade Engines and Compressors, Turbine P u m p s , Condensers. WATEROU3 ENGINE WORKS. Band Mills, Circular Mills, Edgers.


Established 1900

Telephone 1618

R. CROLLICKLtd. Fruit Agents and gppj||K|^ Produce Merchants

Eruit Exchange AND

Turbot Street, BRISBANE.

Shipping Orders a Speciality POULTRY ALIVE OR FROZEN

Agents for leading Victorian and Tasmanian Growers CORRESPONDENCE INVITED


Peters Patent Slip Kangaroo Point, Brisbane.

S.S. "Musgrave" (817 tons). S.S. " T a y " (360 tons). On Peters' Slip, Kangaroo Point, Brisbane.

Accommodation for vessels up to 1,000 tons All facilities for quick repairs Every

information

supplied

ADDRESS : MANAGER,

PETERS' PATENT SLIP, Telephone 1020.

Kangaroo

Point, BRISBANE.


You Get a Guarantee of

PURITY and QUALITY * if, when biscuit buying, you make sure they're

Accuracy First The highest possible degree of Accuracy and Reliability is guaranteed by US in Watches, Chronometers, Theodolites, and all Optical and Mathematical Supplies. We cater for every demand and requirement. Expert Repairs to all classes of Marine and other Scientific Instruments.

And Last Do not forget we are also Jewellers and Silversmiths and Gem Merchants, whom the Public have recognised for Thirty Years. GOVERNMENT CONTRACTORS.

H E R G A <& CO. WATCHMAKERS AND JEWELLERS, SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENT SUPPLIERS,

181 Edward Street

- -

BRISBANE..

(Near Queen Street).

^ This is the big, airy, J sunlit Bakery in which J? Morrows' Biscuits are made. tg Looks good, doesn't it ? H' The biscuits are good, too.

C. A. Brown, The Reliable Jeweller and Optician, HUXHAM'S BUILDINGS Queen Street, BRISBANE TO COUNTRY CLIENTS.

Having disposed of my business at 117 Queen Street, I have re-opened in

Huxhams Buildings, Queen St.

BISCUITS MORROWS I I P , NORTH QUAY, BRISBANE, QUEENSLAND.

(near Albert Street) as a Practical Watchmaker, Jeweller, and Optician. All the latest machinery installed, and I am prepared to execute Jewellery work of all kinds at the shortest possible notice. WATCH REPAIRS MY SPECIALTY, and guaranteed for twelve months. Jewellery Selected or Designs Submitted. A reputation for fair dealing for fifty years. COUNTRY ORDERS SPECIALLY SOLICITED. ONLY ONE ADDRESS:â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

C. A. BROWN,

H u x h a m s Buildings,

BRISBANE.


BY APPOINTMENT TO H.M. THE KING.

ROYAL EDISWAN CARBON and METALLIC FILAMENT LAMPS * *

t

v^ss

/ifift /

EOIEWAN ZOO M B - A

\

# ^ i

" Royal Ediswan " Drawn Wire Lamps are made by the Firm who has the record for length of service in Lamp Making. Strength, Economy and Efficiency are points, unquestioned by those who stock and use them, because their merit has been established.

mm

V

T FOR MANUFACTURING ALL KINDS OF ELECTRICAL GOODS—WITH BRITISH CAPITAL BY BRITISH WORKERS.

THE " EDISWAN " WORKS ARE EQUIPPED W I T H T H E LATEST PATTERN MACHINERY.

Ponder's End Works.

Enquiries solicited for all classes of Electrical Supplies.

The Edison Swan Electric Co. Limited, THE

ALU B R I T I S H

FIRM.9

AUSTRALIAN BRANCHES:

SYDNEY. MELBOURNE. BRISBANE. 58 Clarence-st. 368 Little Collins-st. 32-4 Adelaide-st. Agents—N«wton, McLaren Ltd., Adelaide S.A.; Unbehaun & Johnstone Ltd., Perth, W.A.; J. T. Gunn Ltd., Launceston, Tas.; Turnbull & Janes Ltd., Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, Dunedin, New Zealand.

HEAD OFFICE AND WORKS:

PONDER'S END, near London.


:B

Q:

QUEENSLAND THE SCENIC NORTH-EASTERN STATE ...of the...

Commonwealth of Australia THE NORTHERN WONDERLAND Abounding in Interest to the TRAVELLER,

SCIENTIST

and

INVESTOR.

This great State, which possesses every variety of soil and climate, attracts each year greater attention, and it should be the aim of every resident Australian and visitor to the Commonwealth to plan a trip to Queensland. No more enjoyable tour can be taken than the one along the picturesque seaboard of Queensland, flanked eastward by the Great Barrier Reef. Sailing along in contentment, the tourist notes the chains of verdant islands scattered along the coast, the wonderful Whitsunday Passage and the placid Hinchinbrook Channel. Then, travelling along the scenic Cairns Railway of North Queensland, one gazes spellbound in admiration at the weird and wonderful Barron Gorge and Barron Falls. South-westward from Cairns the Atherton and Evelyn Tablelands, situated between 17 and IS degrees south latitude, and from 2,000 to 3,000 feet above sea-level, possess a bracing climate, rich volcanic soil, tropical vegetation, and scrubs full of magnificent commercial timbers. The Tuily and Millstream Falls, Chillagoe Caves, the Lakes District of Yungaburra, in the Cairns Hinterland, have no equal in Australia. In Central Queensland, tourists scientists, and investors have an opportunity of visiting and inspecting the famous Mount Morgan Gold and Copper Mine, twenty-four miles by rail from Rock-

Stony Creek Bridge and Falls, Cairns Railway. North Queensland.

Hampton. This World's Wonder—a mountain of gold—has paid over nine million pounds (£9,000,000) in dividends. The Blackall Range, Tambourine Mountain and Lamington National Park are veritable paradises and delightful summer sanatoria for the jaded city-dweller. The famous Darling Downs in South Queensland, which hasbeen so aptly termed the Garden of Australia, can be reached by train from Brisbane in four hours. Descriptive pamphlets and further detailed information relative to the Tourist and Health Resorts of Queensland supplied gratuitously by

THE QUEENSLAND GOVERNMENT INTELLIGENCE & TOURIST BUREAU Corner of Queen and George Sts., BRISBANE, QUEENSLAND. m:

A Glimpse of the Lamington National Park. South Queensland, (showing Buchanan's Fort and Widgee Mt.)

T. .C T R O E D S O N ,

Director

:Q


Lone Mountain, Macpherson Range, Border of N.S. Wales and Queensland.


*••••••••••••••••••••••*

A.U.S.N. co's

GUIDE:

•:•<••:••>•:••:••:••>•:••:••:••.••;••.••.••:••:••.••:••:••.••:••:••••

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji ILLUSTRATED—1918 A Handbook of Picturesque Travel and Information for Passengers by steamers of the

Australasian United Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. Managing Agents :— MACDONALD, HAMILTON & CO. Head Office :-BRISBANE. •I MACDONALD, HAMILTON & CO. Interstate Telegraphic Address :"MacdonaId Hamilton.' Code Address '• "Iroquois" Code: "Bentley's"

A.U.S.N. CO. LTD. "Australian Navigation" "Aggrandise"

By Wm. LEES EDITOR :—" Queensland Country Life." " Australian Pas t oral is ts' Gazette ' AUTHOR of: —" Picturesque Queensland " " Coasting Northwards." " The Gold fields of Queensland " Minerals and Precious Stones &c.

ROBT. MCGREGOR & co., PRINTERS, BRISBANE.

1918. A.U.S.N. Co.'s S.S. "KANOWNA" preparing to leave Melbourne


2

i

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Alexander Stewart & Sons S S B B S ^ ^ ^ ^ B S S B S B LIMITED

Head Office : B r i s b a n e

^ M — • — ^ — — ^ — ^

S* Also Sydney & London

Softgoods — Warehousemen

Clothing Shirts Pyjamas Ladies' Apparel Straw Hats Etc.

Corner Elizabeth and Creek Streets, BRISBANE. ~P


3

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

.HE

A.U.S.N. C O M P A N Y ' S

GUIDE for

i916 was issued for the purpose of

bringing before the people of Australia and Fiji the facilities offered for travel by the Company, the scope of their operations and a Guide to the various places on this Continent and Fiji with which the Company's steamers have regular communication.

That it amply fulfilled

its object and received gratifying welcome wherever the edition was distributed is evidenced by the numerous letters received from all parts of the world as well as by the excellent press reviews which welcomed the progressive scheme of the Company, which, as one review states, "in spite of this direful war was prepared to 'carry o n '

to the full extent of its power and

flaunt, even in the face of the enemy, its spirit of independence and enterprise which has been their foremost characteristic since its first steamers entered Australian waters." T h e 1916 edition having been all dtstnbuted and an insistent demand made for it has been decided to issue this new edition which it is hoped will have equal welcome.

T h e whole

of the work has been revised and brought up-todate, and the co-operation of all those w h o

again

so willingly assisted in iis production is here recognised.

Especially

managers and

are those

officers

thanks due

to

the

in the Company's service,

all of whom have given valuable co-operation and generous assistance, also to the photographers

and

artists who have helped embellish the pages, and to the various Intelligence Bureaux whose

information

has been of great assistance and whose help by means of photos and engravings has added lustre to the publication. That the work will be of value to those who love this land of ours and appreciate its worth is the earnest wish of

Cbe editor

more,


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

H a s it g'ot " H u t t o n s " o r JS? "Pineapple" b r a n d e d o n it ? T h e name " H U T T O N " and the brand "PINEAPPLE" when applied to

x

Hams, B a c o n o r iSmall G o o d s J& is equivalent to the word " sterling " on silver. It means the very highest standard of excellence, plus a distinctive flavor and goodness which only the Hutton Secret Methods can secure.

T h e fact that the name " Pineapple " stands pre-eminent for superiority, not only in Australia, but in other countries, is sufficient recommendation for the greatest connoisseur.

Your Grocer Sells

Hutton's Food Produces!


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE,

5

»K^

^M2Si

"v^*.

AUSTRALIA." By JOHN

FARRELL

CONTINENT undreamed of, peerless— A realm for happier sons of theirs to be, One spot preserved, unspotted, bloodless, fearless Beyond the rim of yon enchanted sea Lies golded in the soft compelling languor Of warm south airs as an awaiting bride ; While strife and hate, and culminating anger Rage through the far-off nations battle-dyed.

0 Land of wildest hope, of promise boundless ! Why wert thou left upon a dark, strange sea, To wait through ages fruitless, scentless, soundless, Till from thy slumber men should waken thee ? Why didst thou lie with ear that never hearkened The sounds without—the cries of strife and play, As some sweet child within a chamber darkened, Left sleeping long into a troubled day ? What opiate sealed thine eyes till all the others Grew tired and faint in E a s t and West and North ? Why didst thou dream until thy joyful brothers Found where t h j u wert, and led thee smiling forth Why didst thou mask the radiant smile thou wearest ? Why wert thou veiled from all the eager eyes ? Why left so long, 0 first of lands and fairest, Beneath t h y tent of unconjectured skies ?

Reprinted from "How He Died," and other Poems, by John Fnrn/l, by permission of Angus ft Robertson Limited, Sydney, New South Wales

0 dear and fair ! awakened from thy sleeping So late ! The world is breaking into noon ; The eyes that all the morn were dim with weeping Smile through t h e tears that will cease drooping soon ! Thine have no tears in them for olden sorrow, Thou hast no heartache for a ruined p a s t ; From bright to-day to many a bright to-morrow Shall be thy way, 0 first of lands and last! God make us worthy now! The bitter mornings Of nations struggling from the blind long night Of Wrong, set high before our eyes, are warnings, And finger-posts to guide us on to r i g h t !


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

COALING IN BRISBANE Cleghorn, Hopkins & Co., Ltd. BRISBANE, QUEENSLAND.

/Cable Address:

'BOXFLAT," Brisbane. \

\Cod»s Used: A.B.C. (5th Ed) Scott's A. I. J

Coal Contractors • Lighters and fug Owners < Stevedores • Ship, Freight and insurance BrokersSHIPPING

a n d GENERAL COMMISSION AGENTS.

Queensland Agents for—Yang-tsze Insurance Association, Ltd. (Marine); George Cradock & Co., Mining and Colliery Supplies; Wood and Railway Track Preservatives; Skandia Marine Engines; Ebbw Vale Steel, Iron and Coal Company, Limited. Sole D i s t r i b u t i n g Agents and S h i p p i n g Managers f o r

Boxflat, Aberdare and Aberdare Extended Collieries,

Bundamba, near Brisbane.

\uy quantity of coal supplied pi plly ex wharf or lighters at Brisbane, Pinlienba, or .Moreton Bay on shortest notice. . L a r g e stocks always alloat ind stored in chutes. The Railway wharf is capable of (berthing steamers drawing up to 24ft., and no wharfage or berthing fees are charged to steamers loading al South Brisbane Railway wharf Large Storage Chutes at Boxflat, Aberdare and Aberdare -Extended Collieries. Capacity 2,000 tons.

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AGENCIES ACCEPTED. CORESPONDENCE INVITED

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Coaling a British Cruiser. View of H.M.S. Pyramus loading

Coal Contractors & Suppliers to QUEENSLAND GOVT. SOUTHERN & NORTHERN RAILWAY-. QUEENSLAND MEAT EXPORT & AGENCY CO., LTD. JOHN COOKE ($ CO., PROPY., REDBANK MEAT WORKS. TIKIS. BORTHWICK & SONS' MEAT WORKS. AUSTRALIAN MEAT EXPORT CO.. LTD. BRISBANE GAS CO. THE SOUTH BRISBANE GAS CO. COLONIAL SUGAR REFINING CO,, LTD. CITY ELECTRIC LIGHT CO. THE ORIENT LINK OF ROYAL MAIL STEAMERS. THE ADELAIDE STEAMSHIP CO.. LTD. THE MeARTNUR SHIPPING AND VOENCY CO., LTD.

Japanese Squadron Coaling at Brisbane. Boxflat and Aberdare Coal at Brisbane.

Coal Contractors & Suppliers to SHIRE LINE. CLAN LINE. FEDERAL LINE. ADMIRALTY. BUCKNALL STEAMSHIP LINKS ROYAL DUTCH PACKET CO. AMERICAN TRADING CO. RURRELL t& SON. I BIRT & CO.. LTD. WM. CROSBY & CO. CITY LINE. F.LLERMAX & BUCKNALL S.S. Cl». EMPIRE TRANSPORT CO. FURNES. WITHY & CO. HOULDER BROS.. vQ CO.. LTD. HALL LINE. MAC-LAY & MelNTYRE. PACIFIC CABLE BOARD. RAEBURN & VEREL. UNITED STATES S.S. CO. Loading Boxflat and Aberdare Coal at the Railway Wharf. BRITAIN S.S. CO. And Others.

British Representatives: Messrs. HOULDER BROS., TURN BULL & CO. Ltd., 19 St. Vincent St., Glasgow. Bankers- London Bank of Australia, Limited

Solicitors: Messrs. Foxton, Hobbs and Macnish.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

Post, Telegraph, Cable and Wireless Rates. LETTERS. Within the Australian Commonwealth and to all places in the British Empire, and to New Hebrides, Banks, and Torres Islands—Id. per i oz. or fraction of 1 oz. ~To all other places—2id. per i oz. or-fraction of J oz. POST CARDS. Within the Commonwealth and to all places in the British Empire ,ui,l the United States of America and to -New Hebrides, Banks, and Torres Islands—Single Id. To all other places—Single ljd. LETTER CARDS. Within the Commonwealth—Single "id. New Hebrides. Banks To all places in the British Empire, and ti and Torres Islands—Single Id. each. To all other places—Single 1 id. NEWSPAPERS. Within the Commonwealth, and to New Zealand, Fiji, and Papua— For everv 10 oz. (or fraction thereof), -id. each newspaper. Newspapers printed or published outside the Commonwealth, when posted in the Commonwealth, are subject to Magazine Rates of Postage. United Kingdom—Not exceeding 8 oz., Id- each newspaper; exceeding 8 oz., but not exceeding 10 oz., 2Jd.; every additional 2 oz., or fraction thereof, Jd.; exceeding 8 oz., for transmission wholly by sea by Orient-Royal and P. and 0. steamers, every 16 oz. or fraction thereof, IdAll other places—Not exceeding 4 oz., Id. each newspaper; and id. for every additional 2 oz. or fraction thereof. BOOKS. Within the Commonwealth and to Papua— (a) Books printed in Australia, except as prescribed, Jd. per 8 oz. or part of 8 oz. (b) Books printed outside Australia, except as prescribed, Jd. per 4 oz. or part of 4 oz. To New Zealand, Fiji, New Hebrides, and Solomon Islands (British Protectorate)—Id. per 4 oz. or part of 4 oz. To all other places—Id. per 2 oz. or part of 2 oz. CATALOGUES. Catalogues wholly set up and printed in Australia, for delivery within the Commonwealth-—For each catalogue, Id. for first 4 oz. and Ad. for each additional 4 oz. MAGAZINES. Within the Commonwealth and to Papua— (a) Magazines printed in Australia, for each magazine, id. per 8 oz. or part of 8 oz. (b) Magazines printed outside Australia, far each magazine. id. per 4 oz. or part of 4 oz. To New Zealand, Fiji, New Hebrides or Solomon Islands [British Protectorate)—Id. for the first 8 oz. and id. for each additional 4 oz. or part thereof. To other places outside the Commonwealth—Id. per 2 oz. or part of 2 oz. PATTERNS AND SAMPLES. Within the Commonwealth—Not exceeding 2 oz. Id., and at the rate of Id. for every additional 2 oz. up to 1 lb. COMMERCIAL PAPERS. Id. and at tin rati Inland and other States—Not exceeding 2 oz. of Id. for every additional 2 oz. up to 5 lb. oz. 3id., and up to All olher places—Not exceeding 2 oz. 3d., 4 10 oz.; beyond that Id. for every 2 oz. up to 5 lb. PRINTED PAPERS. 2 oz. or part of 2 oz.For delivery within the Commonwealth, id- per For deliveiry in New Zealand, Fiji, New Hebrides, and British 8olomon Islands, id. per 2 oz. or part of 2 oz., with Id. minimum. For delivery in all other parts, Id.-per 2 oz. or part of 2 oz. MERCHANDISE. Inland, Inter-State, and to New Zealand, Fiji, and Papua—Not exceeding 2 oz. Id., and at Hie rate of Id. for every addil'niial 2 c z. up to I lh.; merchandise to other places can only be sent l»y PareeJ Post. PARCELS. Inland—Not exceeding 1 lb. 6d., and at the rate of 3d. per additional lb. up to 11 lb. Inter-State, and to New Zealand, Fiji, and Papua—Not exceeding 1 lb. 8d., and so on at the rate of Gd. per additional lb. up to 11 lb. Great Britain—Not exceeding lib. 1/-, and fid. per additional lb. up to 11 lb. Other places—See Official Postal Guide. TELEGRAMS WITHIN THE COMMONWEALTH. Ordinary, including address and signature, Town or Suburban or Within 15 miles of sending station—Not. exceeding 10 words, 6d.; each additional word, id. Other places within the State, 9d. Inter-State, is.

Urgent telegrams—Double the ordinary rates. Sunday rates—Double the ordinary rates. Letter telegrams—Not exceeding 40 words, Is.; each additional word, id. Lettergrams lodged on Sunday, double the prescribed rates. MONEY ORDERS. Rates of Commission fur Orders payable in the Commonwealth— Not exceeding £2, Gd.; above £2, and not exceeding to, Od.; above £5, and not exceeding £7, Is.; above £7, and not exceeding £10, Is. Rates of Commission for Orders payable in Papua—Not exceeding £2, 9d.; above £2, and not exceeding £5, 9d.; above £5, and not exceeding £7, Is. Gd.; above £7, and nut exceeding £10, Is. Gd. Rates of Commission for Orders payable in New Zealand and Fiji —Not exceeding £2, Gd.; above £2, and not exceeding £5, I s . ; above £5, and not ext ding £7, Is. 6d.; above £7, and not exceeding £10, 2s. Rates of Commission for Orders payable in all other places—6d. for any amount up to £2. and 3d. for each additional £1 or fraction of £1. For places on which single orders may be issued up to £40, the same proportion as above is charged for sums exceeding £20. POSTAL NOTES (Payable throughout the Commonwealth';. Postal Note

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Postal Note

Pojndage

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CABLE RATES. Addresses and signatures charged as part of the telegram. Between any Statu n in Hie Commonwealth and any Station in Great Britain, Pacific or Eastern Lines, 3s. per word. Urgent Cables take precedence in transmission and delivery. New Zealand—Ordinary, is. 4id. per word; Urgent, Is. l i d . per word. New Caledonia—9d. per word. Offices in New Caledonia are available day and night fir official telegrams only: fur private telegrams they are closed at 9 p.m. (8 p.m. Queensland time). Sundays and holidays excepted, when otlices will be entirely closed. Norfolk Island—3d. per word. Fiji, Suva—8d. per word.—The following places in Fiji are extensions of the telegraph system, and international Regulations apply:

ORDER NOW—AND YOU'LL HAVE THEM WHEN YOU WANT THEM ! Our chain, s t o c k s are s t r i c t l y limited. W e can, however, q u o t e you still for ECHO PLOW CHAINS, 11-12 and 13 lb. per p a i r . ELECTRO WELDED LEADING CHAINS, 111-18-22 a n d 24 lb. p e r pair. EMU L e a d i n g C h a i n s , with Heart Link Chain, 32-34 a n d 35 lb. per pair. AUSTRAL L e a d i n g Chains, 2 2 - 2 i and pair.

ami 28

lh.

Drop per

ECHO L e a d i n g Chains, 10 lb. per pair. BACKCHAINS, 4} hi 8 lh.

Get t h e Q u o t a t i o n s now for i m m e d i a t e reference.

BUTLER BROS, AUSTRALIA LIMITED,

CHARLOTTE STREET, BRISBANE


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

DAY DAWN Seeded Raisins GOOD GOODS

ALWAYS

MAKE

GOOD

Day Dawn Raisins are grown in Australia. Processed, Sterilised, Seeded and Packed in Brisbane, therefore after receipt of order, Fresh end Juicy. GUf\RnMTEE WITH EVERY PACKET. Y o u C a n n o t L o s e by -them nwarded FIRST ORDER OP MERIT, Brisbane National Show, Hugust, 1912. Obtainable Wholesale from all Merchants, or from the Sole Queensland figents and Packers :—

Day Dawn Packing & Canning Co., Brisbane indication " radio " is unnecessary, and unless the word " post" appears in the address all telegrams will be sent on by radio; the rates quoted are additional to charges to Suva; Levuka, Id. per word; Nausori, Navna, and Lautoka, Ba 2d. per word; Labasa, Taviuni, and Savu Savu, 3d. per word; Tutuila (Samoa), !>d. per word. Total charges; Levuka, 9d. per word; Lautoka, lOd. per word; Nausori, 10H. per word; Navua, lOd. per word; Labasa radio, l i d . per word; Taviuni, l i d . per word; Savu Savu, l i d . per word. Fanning Island—2s. per word. Deferred Cablegrams may be sent to Great Britain and the British Possessions and to those countries included in the International service at a discount of 50 per cent. Such telegrams must be written in plain language, the language of the country of origin or destination, and the sender sign a declaration when lodging telegram. WEEK-END CABLE LETTERS. Week-end cable tetters may he exchanged between the Common-

wealth and the undermentioned countries, subject to the rules of deferred cables. They must be lodged at the chief otlice by midnight on Saturday, and will be delivered on Monday or Tuesday. The prefix " T.W.T." is to be included in the address, and charged for as one word. Great Britain, 9d. per word; minimum, 15s. Union of South Africa, 7d. per word (plus 2d. from Tasmania) : minimum, l i s . 8d. India, Ceylon and Burmah, 7Ad. per word; minimum, 12s. Gd. Canada (where ordinary rate is 2s. 4d.), 7d. per word; minimum, l i s . 8d. Portugal, 9d. per word; minimum, 15s. British North America—according to district—8d. to Did. per word; minimum, 12s. l i d . to 15s. 8d. Yukon, 9.\d. and lOd. per word; minimem, 15s. sd. and IGs. 8d. Newfoundland, 8}d. per word; minimum, i:>s. 9d.

WIRELESS TELEGRAMS. List of Wireless Stations in the Commonwealth. Name of Offices. Hours of Attendance. Adelaide, S.A Continuous. Brisbane, Qld Continuous. Broome, W.A Continuous. Cooktown, Qld G a.m. to 8 p.m. Parwin, N.T Continuous. Esperance, W.A G a.m. to 1 a.m. Flinders Island, Tas. . . . Monday to Saturday 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.; no service on Sunday. Geraldton, W.A d a.m. to 11 p.m. Hobart, Tas 9 a.m. to 11 p.m. King Island, Tas .Monday to Friday 9 to 12, 2 to 6; Saturday, 9 to 1; no service on Sunday. Melbourne, Vic Continuous. Mount Gambier, S.A. . . Monday to Friday 9 to 12, 2 to G; Saturday 9 to 1; no service Sunday. Perth, W.A Continuous. Rockhampton, Qld 6 a.m. to 8 p.m. Roebourne, W.A G a.m. to 8 p.m. Sydney, N.S.W 7 a.m. to 2 p.m. Thursday Island, Qld. . . Continuous. Townsville, Qld Continuous. Wyndham, W.A Monday to Saturday 9 to 6; Sunday 9 to tO, 1 to 2, 5 to 6. The rates for ordinary messages transmitted to or received from ship stations shall be as follows:—• To or from ships licensed in Australia and New Zealand, 6d. per word; all other ships, l i d . per word. Commonwealth charges for relaying radio-telegrams, irrespective >>f the number of coast stations concerned in the relaying— (a) When the ships of origin and of destination are both licensed in Australia or New Zealand, 4d. pea- word; h) When only one of the ships concerned, or when neither of the ships concerned is licensed in Australia or Now Zealand, 7d. per word.

WIRELESS STATIONS IN THE PACIFIC. Madang (late Williamshafen), Nauru and Rabaul (New Britain —Rate with Commonwealth, 3d. per word, plus land line charges. With ships licensed in the Commonwealth or New Zealand—Land line charge, Id.; radio irelay, 3d.; ship's charge, 2d.; coast station charge, 3d. Kawieng, Manuo, Eitape Morobe, Kieta, Kopopo, 4d. per word, pins land line charges. Tulagi, Is. Gd. per word, plus land line charges. Ocean Island, 2s. per word, plus land line charges. Vila, Is. per word, plus land line charges. Deferred telegrams may be sent to these stations in the Pacific, and to Port Moresby, Macquarie Island, and Flinders Island via the Commonwealth, at half ordinary rates for transmission to the Commonwealth plus full radio charge for transmission from Commonwealth to destination. Port Moresby, Woodlark Island, and Samarai—Rate with Commonwealth, 2d. per word. Traffic with ships—Land line, Id.; radio relay, 2d.; coast station, 3d.; ship charge, 2d. Radio-telegrams may now be accepted for vessels approaching or departing from Suva, which are equipped with wireless apparatus. Telegrams for vessels departing from Suva should reach there before such vessels are 300 miles distant. The rate is lOd. per word in addition to ordinary charge to Suva, except British or Colonial Government telegrams exchanged with His Majesty's British ships, on whieh telegrams no wireless charge will be levied. Wireless Telegraph Stations at Taviuni and Labasa, Fiji, in communication with the wireless station at Suva are now open for traffic. Wireless telegrams for Taviuni and Labasa may be accepted. The rate will be 3d. in addition to the cable rate to Suva: delivery within 1 mile radius, free; 5 miles, Is. porterage; 10 miles, 2s., and so on. The Suva station is the only radiotelegraph station in Fiji which is open for ship-shore traffic. The charge between Levuka, Nausori or Navua, and ships is l i d . per word. The wireless station in Suva is called " Suvaradio." The radio charge for radio-telegrams from Suva, Fiji, to Noumea, New Caledonia, is lOd. per word; the charge from Suva to Apia is Is! ->er word.


A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE.

Australasian Steam Navigation Co. Ltd.

K M l Head Office, Brisbane. fiag witli the four triangular sections of red and blue, divided by a white St. Andrew's cross, and the black funnel with white band, indicative of the A.U.S.N. Company's vessels, has now a history of over a quarter of a century. The colours represent I lie old A.S.N. Company, while the cross is from the flag of the Queensland Steamship Company. The steamers have already done splendid work for the development nf the Australian coastal trade, and are doing more eveiy year. Passengers ami cargo are conveyed from port to port under conditions of safety, speed, • and comfort, which compare favourably with 11n se enjoyed on any coast in the world. The steamers employed have throughout shown steady improvement, with an evident determination on the part of the management always to be ahead of the times, instead of waiting until forced into new channels. Anyone who will compare the fleet, even of ten or fifteen years ago, with the fine steamers now engaged in the service, will understand how it is that a " Run up to Cooktown," " A trip South," or " To the Fiji Islands " by one of the Company's vessels, is now recognised as quite the correct thing for the happy man or woman who can indulge in either of these health-giving holidays.

It was in 1883 that the Queensland Steam Shipping Company was formed on very modest lines to enable this State to take a share in its own coast.il trade, then carried en by the A.S.N, and Howard Smith lines. From the first this Company lias been identified with Queenskind, its head office and principal engineering works heing located there. In the early days of the Company's career its largest siteamers were the " Archer," 694 tons, and the " Corea," 606 tons which traded between Brisbane and Sydney, whilst the Northern service was carried on by means of the " Polly," 194 tons, " Truganini," 203 tuns, " Gympie," 220 tons, and " Gunga," 357 tons. A war of rates was quickly set up, and for over three years the new-born Company had to fight for its life. But it meant business, as it has done all along, and instead of bemoaning " unfair competition," the Q.S.S. wrote off its losses, and replied to the attack by persistently improving its fleet. The " Warrego," " Barcoo," and " Maranoa," which were successively built for the trade, were a distinct advance on anything running previously on the coast; and their subsequent career has proved the soundness of judgment displayed in their designing. Eventually the Q.S.S. Company bought out the old A.S.N., taking over the whole of the senior Company's fleet and goodwill. This is probably the biggest thing of the kind ever negotiated in the Southern Hemisphere, and its completion was a noteworthy event in the history of steam navigation on the Australian coast. When the two fleets had thus been united, the Company stepped at once into the forefront as the A.IT.S.N. Company, and its name has become familiar as household words in every Australian port of any magnitude, providing regular and rapid communication from Burketown, in the Gulf of Carpentaria, all round the Eastern, Southern, and Western coasts, to Fremantle in West Australia. Pastoralists of the interior, pearl-shellers of the Straits, sugar growers along the Queensland coast, coal miners of Newcastle, the teeming populations of Sydney, Melbourne, and Adelaide, no less than the gold miners and cattle men of Westralia, regulate their movements so as to meet " the Company's " boats, whether intent on shipping their produce or merchandise, or bound on some rare pleasure excursion. The consistent aim of the Company has been to keep ahead of the deimand. Its history has been one of steady advance. Through good years and bad, the Directors have ever kept in view—as one of the necessities of the business for which they were catering—the add;rg of ever finer and better equipped vessels to their fleet.

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Four well-known A.U.S.N. Co.'s Steamers.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE. The " Aramae," " Arawatta," and " Wodonga," each of 2,500 tons, 'are justly considered first-class boats, even now; but they have already been surpassed by the line interstate liner " Wyandra," i,058 tons, which some persons professed to think altogether too good for the Iride between Melbourne and Ci oktown. But the " W y a n d r a " so far justified the confidence sin \vn by the Company in building her, that ii was found desirable to construct an improved vessel, and the Iwin-screw vessel, " Wyreema," was built. This lias a gross tonnage of G.338 Ions, steaming power of K> knots, and accommodation f r 180 first-class passengers, and 130 second-class. Electric lighting, re-frigeration, and all the accessories cf luxurious travel are installed throtighcul the vessel, and a specially attractive feature is the one, hw .. and three-berth cabins above the upper deck, affording passengers the maximum of privacy and comfort. The Company followed this by placing on the Queensland coast the triple s.s. " Bingera," whose speedy run between Brisbane anil Townsville ensures the transit of passengers and mails with a swiftness land regularity which a few years ago would have been deemed impossible.

II

A.U.S.N. Co.'s " Aramae " and " Arawatta," 2,114 tons.

Twin s.s. " Kyarra," 6,953 tons. It is not surprising that the accommodation of the Company's boats, especially during the wilder Months, is taxed to the utmost. The round trip fn in Melbourne to Cairns or C koktown and back is liecoming every year m re popular amongst those seeking relief from llhe discomforts of a Southern winter.

A.U.S.N. Co.'s s.s. " Mallina," 3,213 tons.

The W e s t Australian Service. The development of Western Australia which followed on the discovery of the big goldfields gave the A.U.S.N. Company an opening they were not slow to enter. The " Pilbarra " and " Paroo," each 2,700 tons, proved much too small fur the purpose. The floating palaces of the oversea mail lines were competing for the trade, and it was necessary to provide vessels comparable with them for both speed and comfort. Accordingly the A.U.S.N. Company built the fine twin-screw steamers " Kanowna" and "Kyarra," 7,000 tons, wh'ch were the finest vessels for many years employed exclusively in the coastal trade. They were moreover the first, interstate steamers on which three classes of accommodation are provided. The innovation met with such evident approval of tlie travelling public that the Company decided upon the construction of a steamer of the finest class possible, and every means were used towards that end, with a success now so well known and appreciated by the passengers by this fine vessel. T.SS. " Indarra." The vessel was built in the well-known shipbuilding yards of Win. Denny & Bros.. Dumbarton, so well known in shipbuilding work fur the Australian coast, and fur the result the firm have received Hie highest enmmendati n from officers and passengers.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

12

A.U.S.N. Co.'s T.S.S. "INDARRA."

A U S.N.JCo.'s T.S.S. " I N D A R R A . " 9 7 3 4 T o n s .

The " Indarra" is a twin-screw steamer of 9,734 tons, built of steel to Lloyd's 100A1 class. Her leading dimensions are:—Length, 450 feet; breadth, GO feet; and depth, 32 f«-el, with a sea speed of 15. knots, her propelling machinery consisting of duplicate sets of quadruple expansion engines. There are seven decks, and an electric lift,

Drawing Room.

winch for manipulating the boats. The decision of the A.U.S.N. Company lo lit their latest ship with a winch of this type is certainly a wise one and comforting to passengers. Passenger Accommodation.—Special attention has been paid to the passenger accommodation, and everything that knowledge and experi-

Swimming Bath.

capable of carrying six persons, operates between the upper deck and the boat deck in the first-class entrance. The lifeboat equipment of the " Indarra" has been carried out on (lie most up-to-date lines. The boats are carried on the rail on the boat deck, and are so arranged as to leave the passenger promenade as clear as possible. This system of arrangement, needless to say, would also expedite the lowering of the boats, should any emergency arise calling for this to be done. But, most important of all, there is provided a powerful electrically-driven

Second Class Dining Saloon.

ence could suggest has been done to make the conditions as perfect as possible for the comfort and pleasure of all who may have occasion to travel by the vessel, in wha/tever class. Accommodation is provided for 230 first-class passengers in one, two, and three-berth cabins; also for 140 second and 120 third-class passengers. Four suites of special state-rooms are provided. Every first-class cabin is. fitted with lint and cold water, an electric fan, and also a mirror on the back id' each door, its full height. The latter improvement is no doubt very

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First Saloon Smoke Room—A.U.8.N. Co.'s T.S.S. " Indarra,'


13

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

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• Drawing Room—A.U.S.N. Co.'s T.S.S. " Indarra.'

opular with the fair sex. A special saloon is provided for children, nd the passengers have at their command an up-to-date library. Cabins.—-State cabins are arranged for one, two, and three berths, r passengers may enjoy the luxury of a fine suite of apartments cornrising bedroom with bedstead, duchess, wardrobe with full-length irror, private sitting-room panelled with satin wood, and fitted with riting table and bookcase; Chesterfield and soft cosy chairs, and rivate bathroom. In this guide will be found photos of the drawing-room and the rat-class smoking-room. The illustrations will give some slight idea f the decorations and furnishing of these two apartments. They are f the very choicest and best description, and combine comfort and cliness of appearance in an eminent degree. The dining saloons and I other- sections of the ship have had the same care and attention 'stowed upon them. The roof of the first-class saloon presents a vel appearance. It resembles the ceiling of an old-fashioned oakamed home. All the appointments, both above and below, are of the most comlete and up-to-date description. A noticeable feature of the first-class romenade deck is the Verandah Cafe, situated within a little distance tiie drawing and smoking rooms. Special attention has been devoted the furnishing and equipment of the various music rooms. Two ianos.and an organ will be found in the flrst-class room, two pianos the second, and one in the third. Swimming Bath—What proves a great attraction for tourists mard the floating palace is a fully equipped and commodious Swiming Bath, complete with dressing-rooms and all other accessories. t our Australian seaside resorts the morning and evening " dip in the iny" have become regular portions of the day's enjoyment. Aboard ie " Indarra " the tourist is able to indulge in a swim whenever he shes. During the summer months, the swimming bath proves one the most popular sections of the vessel. The Decks.—The " Indarra's " various promenade decks afford iple space for passengers. The usual deck games of cricket, quoits u deck billiards are well provided for. Gymnastics by parallel bars d vaulting horse.

D

Wireless Telegraphy is installed, and electricity plays an important, part in the ship's equipment. • Nothing has been left undone in order to provide for the comfort and safety of passengers. In the arrangements for the stowage and carrying of cargo everything is of the most up-to-date nature. The " Indarra's " hold capacity is 200,000 cubic feet, and she can carry 6,100 tons on a draught of 26 feet. She is fitted with the very latest and best appliances for the handling of cargo of all descriptions. It is safe to say that the " Indarra " is the most popular Australian coastal steamer.

The Fiji Service. But the A.U.S.N. Company does not confine itself to the Australian coast. Out to the North East of our Continent lie countless islands, gems on the bosom of the Pacific. Here nature is seen in her loveliest garb. Here are mountains, valleys, waterfalls, surf-beaten coral reefs, and palm-fringed beach, amidst which navigation is conducted in perennially smooth seas. Fiji, with its natural beauties of scenery and vegetation, and the numerous islands of smaller extent fringing its coasts, is a chief centre of these charming countries, and Fiji itself is an ideal pleasure-ground for the tired resident of our large Australian cities, as well as tireless wanderers, and the A.U.S.N. Company have rendered it possible to make the trip under the most advantageous conditions, and at very moderate expense. The Fiji service met with so much support that it was decided to replace the " Suva," which for many years ably carried on the trade, by a larger vessel, and every improvement in previous ship construction was included in this—" s.s. Levuka "—that the Company's advisers and the construction engineers could devise. The result is one of the finest vessels in the Australian passenger trade. The work was carried out in the well-known shipbuilding yards of Messrs. A. Stephen & Sons, Ltd., Glasgow, whose work deserves the highest praise.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

14

A.U.S.N. Co.'s

T.S.S.

"LEVUKA"

The " Levuka " is a steel twin-screw steamer, having a straight stem and elliptical stern; she was built under special survey, in accordance with the Board of Trade requirements, and is classed 100 AI

Social Hall—First Class—T.S.S. " Levuka." at Lloyd's, She is of 6,130 Ions gross, lias a length of i00 feet, with a breadth of 55 feet, and a depth of 33 feet 3in. Accommodation is

A.U.S.N. Co.'s T.S.S. " Levuka," 6,130 tons. provided fur 100 first-class passengers, in one, two, and tliree-bortli 1 cabins, and 50 second-class passengers, in four-berth cabins. Special m attention has been paid to the "passenger accommodation, and nothing ] is wanted to make the vessel suitable tor travellers in the tropic sea;- • or in the cooler latitudes southwards. The steamer is provided with 1 orlop, main, spar, shelter, bridge, and boat decks, and the shelter deel j extends from stem to stern. She lias one funnel and Iwo masts, and ir- I rigged as a fore-and-aft schooner. The holds have a space of 200,000 I cubic feet, exclusive of the coal bunkers which carry not less than 600 • tons of coal. There are 4,000 cubic feet of refrigerated space pro- 1 vided for the ship's use, while a special feature is the insulation o< I the hold in the fore part of,the ship fur the carriage of bananas, having I a space of 115,000 cubic feet. This hold is fitted with Hall's G.O.2 I refrigerating machinery. The engines, of the triple expansion type. • were supplied by the builders, and they will propel the steamer at a J sipeed of 15 knots. The vessel has been so designed thai she can hi 1 placed on the coastal trade of Australia, and is equipped with appli- ] ances for the rapid and safe handling of cargo. Tin: steamer is lighha! I throughout with electricity, and is undoubtedly one of the finest ves- a sels in Australia. The steamer " Levuka " leaves .Melbourne and Sydney for Kij I every four weeks; and the s.s. " Amra " connects with the larger vessel I at Suva, taking passengers for a seven days' Iri.p amongst the beautiful I island scenery of the Fijian Group.

mmmm mm mm mm mm mm mm •mm A.U.S.N. Co.'s Inter-Island Vessel, s.s. " Amra," 535 tons.


A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE.

IS

FLEET or the

Australasian United Steam Navigation Co. Ltd Name. IMiAttKA Twin Screw; KYARRA Twin Screw; KAN OWN A (Twin Screw WYREBMA Twin Screw LEYUKA [Twin Screw WYANfDRA MALLINA * W 0 DONGA * SUVA M.OIRA * ARAMAC * ARAWATTA * B1NGERA (Triple KURANDA TINANA AMRA PALMER TENDERS— Fitted willi Wireles TAY CENTIPEDE WASP * * * * * *

Tuns 9734 6953 0942 033S 0130 4058 32 13 2341 2229 2184 2.114 2111 2092

I.H.P. 8000 5300 5300 5500 0500 4000 3200 3113 2050 1470 2 7 15 2700 3500

829 791 535 298

900 850 875 450

360

413 125 40

133.

24

A.U.S.N. Co.'s s.s. " Wodonga," 2,341 tons.

Agencies of the Australasian United Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. PERTH, W.A. . . . FREMANTLE, W. ALBANY, W.A. . ilEHALDTON, W.A. KALGOORLIE W.A. ADELAIDE PORT ADELAIDE MELBOURNE BALLARAT, Vic GEELONG, Vic SYDNEY NEWCASTLE SUVA, Fiji I.EVUKA, Fiji LAUTOKA, Fiji MARYBOROUGH BUNDABERG GLADSTONE ROCKHAMPTON

Head Office, Brisbane:—MACDONALD, HAMILTON & CO., Managing Agents. M ACKAY W . 11. Paxton & Co. Lid. Macdonald, Hamilton & Co. BOWEN Macdonald, Hamilton & Co. Maodonald, Hamilton it Co. TOWNSVILLE Burns, Philp & Co., Ltd. McILwraith, McEaeharn X Co. Ppy. CHARTERS T O W E R S Burns, Philp & Co., Ltd. Ltd. WINTON Gaughan & Young Burns, Philp & Co., Lid. LUCINDA POINT Frank F r a s e r T. Stodart & Co. MOURILYAN Nolans Ltd. Macdonald, Hamilton Co. Macdonald, Hamilton CAIRNS Burns, Philp & Co., Ltd. Co. PORT DOUGLAS Callaghan W a l s h Ltd. Macdonald, Hamilton Co". COOKTOWN ....Macdonald, Hamilton & Co. Hndr'.ar.t, Parker, Ltd. THURSDAY ISLAND Burns, Philp & Co., Ltd. Huddart, Parker, Ltd. NORMANTON B u r n s , Philp & Co., Ltd. Burns. Philp & Co.. Ltii BURKETOWN A. J . Smith & Co. Dalgety & Co., Ltd. LAUNCESTON, T a s : T a s . Wool Growers' A. Co., Ltd. Macdonald, Hamilton & Co DEVONPORT, T a s F. W . Coulter & Co Burns, Philp & Co.. Ltd. HOBART, T a s Union Morris Hedstrom & Co. DUNEDIN, N.Z. Union Macdonald, Hamilton & Co LYTTLETON (Cfiristchureli N Z. Union Macdonald, Hamilton & Co WELLINGTON, N.Z Union J. H. Kessel AUCKLAND. N.Z Union Walter Reid & Co.. Ltd.

\ ,

«Jfe»w

A.U.S.N. Co.'s T.S.S. " Wyreema," 6,338 tons, 17 knots.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

16

AUSTRALASIAN UNITED STEAM NAVIGATION CO.. LTD.

SCHEDULE OF PASSENGER SUBJECT Adelaide.

To and From

Melbourne.

Gladstone.

Bock- Mackay h'pton

Bowen.

Cairns.

Port CookDouglas i town

0'22 11 0 1 5 17 Oil 3

023 016 0 11

6 8 2 0 9 1 0: 4 18 0 5 12 Oj 3 15 O 4 9

0 9 2 0 5 10 0 4 7

(110 10 6, 6 7 6! 5 4

O i l 1 O13 8 0! 6 10 n 8 19 0 5 8 0 6 13

0J14 0 Oj 9 10 0 6 19

0|14 11 OU0 2 o; 7 5

0 15 0, 10 0 8

6 7 0

0 15 12 0 10 13 2 0

0 15 12 0 10 13 0 8 2

0;16 Ojll 0 8

9 5 5

0 17 0 0 11 16 0 8 8

0 17 10 0 0 8 0

5 15 0 6 13 3 10 0 4 5 2 10 0 3 1

0 6 15 4 2 0 3 2

0 8 2 6 4 19 3 15

0 8 14 0 11 0 0 5 8 0 7 10 0 3 19 0 5 4

O i l 11 0 8 2 0 6 10

0,12 3 0 12 8 0 8 8 0 9 0 0 5 16 0 6 10

0 12 14 0 9 5 0 6 13

0 12 14 0 9 5 0 6 13

0 1 3 11 0 9 16 0 6 16

0 14 3 0 10 8 0 8 19

0 15 0 0 7

. HI 8 2nd 8 (3rd S

3 7 6 4 5 1 15 0 2 9 1 5 0 1 19

4 7 2 7 1 17

5 7 7

0 9 16 0 6 13 0 4 12

0 10 14 0 7 4 0 5 7

0 10 19 0 7 10 0 5 10

0 10 19 0 7 10 Oj 5 10

0 11 17 0 8 2 0 5 13

0 12 3 0 8 13 0 5 16

0 14 0 0 6

0 6 15

0 7

5 0

(1st 8 2nd 8 (3rd 8

0 17

0 1 0

0 7 16 0 6 16 0 4 4

0 8 0 6 0! 4

0 8 13 1 0 6 13 7 0 4 12

0 9 0 7 0 5

5 4 4

0 11 10 0 0 5 10

0 15

0 0

0 0 12

0 6 19 0 5 4 0 3 9

0 13

0 14

0 6 7 0 4 15 0 3 4

0 6 10

0 7

0 0

7 4

0 10 0 0: 5 10

0 12 10 0! 6 10

0 14 10 0 0 7 0 0

GLADSTONE

i 1st S ) 3rd 8

ROCKHAMPTON

i 1st S 2nd 8 (3rd 8

2 17 1 15 1 5

6 4 14 0 8 S 0 2 10 2 17 1 15 1 5

5 4 9

015 010 0 7

0 12 0 9

6j 5 14 01 6 7 0 8 13 0 9 6 3 4 0 3 13 0 5 16 0 6 6! 2 14 0| 2 18 0 4 1 0 4

( 1st S 2nd S ( 3rd S

CAIRNS

. 1st 8 2nd 8 '3rd 8

5 0

0

021

0 0 0 0

0 8 10

0 9

0

0 16 10

0 18 10 0

0

0 7 15

0 8

0

0 15 10

0 17 10 0

5

0

9

0 1 15 0 4 12 0 1 1 0 2 12

0 4 18 0 3 4

0 5 13 a 3 9

0 6 13 Oj 6 19 0 4 4 0 4 7

0 6 19 0 4 7

0 7 16 0 4 12

0 8 0 5

0 1 9 0 4 0 0 18 0 2

7 9

0 4 12 0 3 1

0 5 0 3

7 6

0 6 0 4

7 1

0 6 13 0 4 4

0| 6 13 0 4 4

0 7 10 0 4 10

0! 8 2 0 5 1

0! 9 15 0 i l 2 5 0 14 5 0 Oj 5 7 6 6 7 8 6 17 6

1 9 0 4 0 16 0 2

7 0

0 4 12 0 2 6

0 5 4 0 2 12

0 6 0 3

1 6

0 6 0 3

0! 6 0 3

7 9

0 7 4 3 15

0 7 16 0 4 7

0l 9 10 0 5 0

3 10 2 10 1 19

0 3 15 0 3 2 0 2 10

4 10 3 13 2 16

0 5 10 0 3 19 0 3 10

0 5 16 0 4 5 0 3 13

0 5 16 0 4 5 0 3 13

0 6 13 0 4 16 0 3 19

0 7 5 0 5 8 0 4 11

0 9 0 0 5

4

2 0 1 6 0 17

0 2 12 0 1 15 0 1 3

0 3 15 0 2 9 0 1 18

1 0 4 1 0 4 0 2 12 0 2 12 0 2 0 0 2 0

4 15 3 4 2 9

5 4 4 1 2 18

7

0

9

4

5

6 10

2 0 1 6 0 17

0 3 4 0 2 3 0 1 12

0 3 9 0 2 6 0 1 15

0 3 9 0 2 6 0 1.15

4 1 2 18 2 0

4 12 3 9 2 6

6 10

8 15

3 16

6

0

1 3 0 17 0 14

0 1 9 0 1 0 0 0 17

0 1 15 0 1 6 0 1 0

2 6 1 12 1 6

0 6 0 2 6 0 — 1 18 II 3 10

8

5

0 17 0 14 0 12

1 9 1 0 0 0 17

2 1 1

3 4 0! 6 10 2 0 8 — 1 15

8

1 12 0 17 0 14

2 18 2 0 1 15

8

1 0 0 12 0 9

2 1 1

6 9 3

2 1 1

0 3 0

7 9

0 18 0 14 0 12

0 9 3

i 1st 8 (3rd 8

6

0 11 15 0 5 15

0 13 10 0 0 6 10 0

1 0 11 11

0 13 11 0

0 5 19

0 6 14 0

5

4 15 5

4 15

0

3 10

5

4 15

1 1 5 6

0

6 0

10 15 0 5 15 0 10

5 0

5 10 0 10

5 0

5 10 0 10

5 0

5 10 0

5 10

7 15

9 16 0

3

5

4 10

5

5

5

7 10

9 10 0

3

2

4

7

5

3 10 2 5

7 4

0 0

9 0 0 4 16 0

4 2

0 5

6 16 0 3 0 0

I 1st S

J3rd S (1st 8

5 0

2 6

2 10 0 1 5 0

i 3rd 8

ALBANY 1st 8.

5 0

6 1

.1st 8 FORT DOUGLAS 2nd S '. 3rd S

THURSDAY IS.

o|l2

0 19

0 2 6 10 0

0 1 9 0 0 17

1st 8 2nd 8 3rd 8

HOURILTAN

0 11 15

0 3 4 0 5 15 1 19 0 4 1 0 1 13 0 2 18

.lit 8

, 1st S 2nd S (3rd S

2

0 24 10

5

6

2nd S (3rd S

LUCINDA

2 0 8 1 0 6 7 Ol 4

0

0 2

1 3 0 14

1st S 2ndS 3rd S

COOKTOWN

Burketown

0 21 14 0 15 5 0 11 0

0 14 8 0 1 5 0 9 10 0 1 0 0 0 15 0 7

0 23 0 0 11

Normanton

0 21 14 0 15 5 0 11 0

Oil 0 0, 7 15 0 5 10

3 9 6

Thursday Is.

0 21 8 0, 15 0 0 10 17

11st 8 I 3rd 8

NORMANTON

Mourilyan.

0 20 16 0 14 8 0 10 2

BUHDABERG

TOWNSVILLE

Lucinda

0 20 5 0|14 2 0 9 17

0 9 0 0: 6 15 0 4 8

MARYBOROUGH I 1st 8 t 3rd 8

BOWEN

Townsville.

7 0 1 9 13 8 0 1 3 11 7 0, 9 11

8 15 5 15 3 18

.lit S 2nd 8 '3rd 8

HACKAY

Bundaberg.

017 011 0 8

ADELAIDE

BRISBANE

Maryboro'.

NOTICE

0 1 6 14 « I 0 19 6 8 3

1st 3 2ndS 3rd S

SYDNEY

Brisbane.

WITHOUT

8 2 7

1st S 2nd S 3rd S

FREHAHTLE AND ALBART

MELBOURNE

Sydney.

TO ALTERATION

FARES

INSKIP PT.

PALM ISLANDS

to and from FREMANTLE. £2

0

0

2ndS.

1 10

0

3rd S.

1 5

0

Fares to and from BRISBANE.

Fares to and from TOWNSVILLE. st, S £0 IJ 3rd 8 . 0 14

0 0

Fares to and from LUCINDA POINT. 1st S £0 17 3rd S 0 14

0 0

Fares to and Irom MARYBOROUGH. 1st S £0 9 3rd ,s 0 6

0 0


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

17

I

f

1

r

fi

/

i

& A.U.S.N. Co.'s S.s. " W y a n d r a , " 4,058 tons.

IIPassage Fares—Fiji Service. (Subjetf to alteration without notice).

To or from

Suva.

Lautoka (direct) £

Combined Rail and Steamer Fares Via Gladstone Via Rockhampton from Brisbane ( P o r t Alma)

Levuka

WEEKLY SERVICES. s

d

£

s

it

C

13 17

6

14

7

ft

0

8 10

0

8 15

0

0

0

11 10

0

6 15

0

s

d

13 17 8 10

£

(Subject to alteration without no'icr).

Brisbane Melbourne

Saloon Steerage

Saloon

Sydney

11

inteerage f Saloon

Brisbane

Steerage

0

0

G 15

0

11

14

7

6

14

7

ft

13

5

0

8

0

0

0

0

14 17

ft

7

8

|Fiji Inter-Island Passage Rates. (Subjeot to alteration without notice.)

5

0

to Macfcay Bowen Townsville Havens-wood ..... Charters Towers . Hughenden Richmond Cloncurry Winton Cairns , Kuranda Mareeba Atherton

£

Single s d

7 8 8 8 9 10 10 10 9 9 9 9

S 0 10 11 ii» 6 18 10 3 G 9 12

Single £ a ft 15 7 0 7 15 8 4 8 4 9 10 9 15 10 7 9 19 9 1 9 3 9 ft 9 8

jWKft. T»*NSCONTIMEMT»i. KOTO-.

Via Lau

SUVA—to or from

Single

Single |Levuka

17/6

I'aviuni

|l.oina

66/-

48/-

Manga

..

607-

Li,ma

60/-

(•icia

00/-

talii

60/-

72/-

72/-

84/-

l.abasa

...

Devo

60/-

itca Bay

00/-

72/-

The TRANSCONTINENTAL HOTEL ® Long Round Trip

..

Short Round Trip . ,

£6 10

0

£6

0

0

Oiiwite R w i Street Railway Statin, BRISBAhE

BELL & McNAMARA, Proprietors

Trams pass t h e Door : : Every Convenience : : Civility, Cleanliness and Good Attention 'Phone 2 3 8 — Wholesale Wine and Spirit Cellars : : Best in the City — 'Phone 2 3 8


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

18

STEAMEK SERVICES OF THE A.U.S.N. CO. LTD. Head Office: BRISBANE

M A C D O N A L D , H A M I L T O N 6- CO., Managing Agents. BRISBANE-TOWNSVILLE EXPRESS MAIL LINE.

Best and Fastest Route for Inland Points; Connects with Government Railways and Mail Coaches. T.T.'S'. " BINGERA," 2092 tons. (Or other Steamer.) : Through Tickets, including Sleeping Berth, available by Railway, Brisbane to Gladstone, thence by Express Mail Service to North Queensland Ports, can be obtained at either Railway Station, Brisbane, or Company's Office. Mail Train leaves Central Station, Brisbane, at !>.ir> p.m. every Friday, and runs alongside Mail Steamer at Gladstone, transhipping passengers' baggage and mails direct. Travellers may join the steamer at Brisbane, leaving every Friday, 9.30 a.m. SHARP. This Service lands Passengers at Townsville on Sunday night or early on Monday morning. Special Trains convey Passengers to and fn in Charters Towers. Steamer leaves Townsville on return trip 10.30 p.m. every Monday, the* giving Travellers full business day in Charters Towers and Townsville. BRISBANE GLADSTONE

NORTHWARDS. ,Leave Friday Leave Saturday

9.30 a.m. 1 p.m.

MACKAY (Flat Top) .Arrive Sunday Leave Sunday BOWEN v.rrjve Sunday Leave Sunday TOWNSVILLE Arrive Sunday SOUTHWARD; TOWNSVILLE Leave Monday BOWEN Arrive Tuesday Leave Tuesday MACKAY (Flat Top) .Arrive Tuesday Leave Tuesday GLADSTONE Arrive Wednesday leave Wednesday BRISBANE Arrive Thursday Passengers for Lucinda Point, Mourilyan, and C aims, and Cooktown should hook by " Bingera " and tranship at s.s. " Kuramla."

Average Distance between Ports.

. . . . . .

7 a.m. 7.30 a.m. 3.30 p.m. 4.30 p.m. midnight

. 10.30 7 7 3 . 3.30 . 9.30 10 10

Port Douglas

Townsville lo

Nautical Miles.

Brisbane and Gladstone Gladstone and Mackay (Flat Toip) Mackay (Flat Top) and Bowen Bowen and Townsville

Dining Rooms—First Class—A.U.S.N. Co.'s Steamers "Wodonga," " Aramac," and " Arawatta."

p.m. a.m. a.m. p.m. p.m. a.m. a.m. a.m.

315 234 105 103


A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE.

19

T O W N S V I L L E - C O O K T O W N MAIL LINE.

T.S.3. " KURANDA," 928 tons. Connecting at Townsville with the " Bingera " Fast Mail and Passenger Service to and from Brisbane. Time Table. I'OWXSYILLE LuCINDA POI XT fARDWELL Anchorage) lIOURILYAN

NORTHWARDS. . . . .Leave Monday \ i r i v e Monday

11 a.m.

Leave Monday

5 p.m.

4 p.m.

Arrive Monday

7 p.m.

Monday Monday Tuesday Tuesday

7.30 p.m. midnight

:.\1RNS

Leave \rrive Leave Arrive

ORT DOUGL KS

Leave Tuesday \rrive Tuesday

7 a.m. 10.30 a.m.

Leave Tuesday .Arrive Tuesday

11.30 a.m.

lOOKTOWN

0.30 a.m. 5 a.m.

5 p.m.

SOUTHWARDS. tOOKTOWN

Leave Wednesday

noon

| 0 R T DOUGLAS

\rrive Wednesday Leave Wednesday

.30 p.m. 6 p.m.

JAIRNS UCINDA POINT [OWNSVILLE

. . .Arrive

Wednesday

9 p.m.

Leave leave

Wednesday Thursday

11 p.m. '.) a.m.

Leave Thursday Arrive Thursday

A.U.S.N. Co.'s s.s. " Palmer," 298 tons.

10 a.m. 4 p.m.

B R I S B A N E T O T H U R S D A Y I S L A N D , N O R M A N T O N , B U R K E T O W N , via T O W N S V I L L E and C O O K T O W N .

Mail and P a s s e n g e r Service every four w e e k s .

Average Distance between Ports. Ti wnsville and Lueinda

jutieal Miles. ..

Point

Lucinda Point and Mnurilyan .

. .

70

Miiurilyan Harbour and Cairns Cairns and Port Douglas

. .

78

..

35

..

Co

P o r t Douglas and Gooktown

.

Mail T i m e Table.

00

NORTHWARDS. Leave T h u r s d a y ..Arrive Sunday Leave Monday COOKTOWN Arrive W e d n e s d a y . . I cave W e d n e s d a y THURSDAY ISLAND . . A r r i v e Friday I eave Saturday NORMANTON \rrive Monday (Norman Rar) Leave Monday BURKETOWN Arrive Tuesday (Albert Bar) BRISBANE TOWNSVILLE

10 8 8 2

a.m. p.m. p.m. a.m. noon noon 6 a.m. 8 a.m. midnight 6 a.m.

SOUTHWARDS. Bl'RKETOWX Leave Albert Rar) NORMANTON Arrive i Norman Bar) Leave THURSDAY ISLAND . . A r r i v e Leave COOKTOWN \rrive Leave TOWNSVILLE Arrive Leave BRISBANE \rrivo

Tuesday Tuesday Wednesday Friday Friday Sunday Monday Tuesday Tuesday Sunday

Average Distance between Ports. Brisbane and Townsville direct . Townsville and Cocktoswn Cooktown and T h u r s d a y Island T h u r s d a y Island and Norman Bar Norman Bar and Albert Bar

6 p.m.

.. ..

midnight 6 a.m. noon 5 p.m. 8 p.m. noon 6 p.m. midnight 4 p.m.

Naulie .1 Miles. f>90 â&#x20AC;˘>r,n 440 435 56


20

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

SYDNEY to FREMANTLE, via MELBOURNE, PORT ADELAIDE and

Fiji Services.

See Daily Papers and Enquire from Company's Offices or Agents.

(FOUR-WEEKLY SERVICE) MELBOURNE and SYDNEY to LAUTOKA, SUVA and LEVUKA (FIJI)

MELBOURNE-CAIRNS LINE. Fast Passenger Service—Fortnightly.

via PORTS.

Twin s.s. '• LEVUKA," (1,130 tuns, 6.500 I.H.P. Filled wilh Wireless.

NORTHWARDS. MELBOURNE SYDNEY

Leave Arrive Leave Arrive Leave Arrive Leave Arrive Leave Arrive Leave Arrive Leave Arrive

BRISBANE ROCKHAMPTON (Port Alma) MACKAY (Flat Top) BDWESN TOWNSVILLE CAIRNS

Saturday Monday Tuesday Thursday Saturday Sunday Sunday Monday Monday Tuesday Tuesday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday

SOUTHWARDS. CAIRNS TOWNSVILLE

Leave Arrive Leave Arrive Leave Arrive Leave Arrive Leave Arrive Leave Arrive Leave Arrive

BOWEN MACK AY (Flat Top) ROCKHAMPTON (Port Alma) BRISBANE SYDNEY MELBOURNE

Saturday Sunday Monday Monday Monday TuesdayTuesday Wednesday Wednesday Thursday Saturday MondayTuesday Thursday

MELBOURNE SYDNEY

Leave Saturday Arrive Monday Leave Thursday

LAUTOKA

morning Arrive Wednesday Leave Wednesday evening i.r Thursd ay morning

SUVA

Arrive Thursday Leave Friday evening op Arrive Saturday Leave Sunday

SUVA

Arrive Monday Leave Tuesday

morning morning morning evening

SYDNEY

Arrive Monday Leave Tuesday

morning noon

MELBOURNE

Arrive Thursday ev ^ning or Frid Sly morning

Fiji

Inter-Island

Service.—Connecting

Nautical Miles.

Music Room—First Class—s.s. " Kanowna."

564 510 350 190 105 103 100

Willi

the

above,

s.s.

" AMBA," 535 tons, maintains regular passenger and cargo services from Suva, calling at Levuka, Taviuni, Mango, Loma Loma, Cicia, Rabi, Malau (Labasa), Devo, Buca Bay, Wailagilala.

Average Distance between Ports.

Nautical Mies.

EASTWARD.

Sydney and Lautoka Melbourne and Sydney Sydney and Brisbane Brisbane and Rockhampton (Port Alma) Rockhampton' (Port Alma) and Mackay (Flat Top) . . Mackay (Flat Top) and Bowen Bowen and Townsville Townsville and Cairns

Saturday morning

LEVUKA

Melbourne and Sydney

Average Distanoe between Ports.

noon morning noon

564 1,725

, Lautoka and Suva

112

Suva and Levuka

56 WESTWARD.

Levuka and Suva

56

Suva and Sydney

1,756

Sydney and Melbourne

O

O

o o

O

564

O

Promenade Deck s.s. "Kanowna."

Dining Saloon—First Class s.s. " Kanowna."


21

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

Information for Passengers. Every care is taken in compiling the list of fares, time/tables, etc., herein, but in eases of inaccuracy the Company does not ibkid itself I to scarry .passengers at the rates printed. The rates quoted are those ruling when this book was compiled, and are subject to reduction or i increase without notice. Timetables are not guaranteed, and may be departed from should circumstances necessitate. Passengers must in all cases receive a ticket for any fare paid, land sign such ticket in acknowledgment that they approve and agree to the conditions and regulations under which passengers are booked (and carried, which are printed on the ticket (tooth front and back). The currency of first and second saloon single tickets (which are available for six months) dajtes from the date of sailing of the steamer Ifor which ticket originally issued. The last portion of the journey Jmust be commenced during the currency of the ticket. Steerage [tickets are available only for a continuous journey by steamer for which [issued, and in case of a journey beyond that steamer's final destination ; same must be continued to passenger's destination by first ongoing (steamer with steerage accommodation available. Tickets are not on (any account transferable, and should passengers be unable to complete. 1 their jiourney lliey are advised to apply to the nearest office of the Company for a refund, as allowances are made for unused portions if [surrendered during currency. In the event of a ticket being lust, passenger should immediately report matter to the nearest Agent of the Company, and, if desirous 3f continuing the journey, a fresh ticket will be issued, for which full fare must be paid. Should the lost ticket not be used by any other person, a refund of the amount paid for the second ticket, less 10 per sent., will be made alter the currency of the former has expired. Application for refund should be made one month after currency has |expired. In cases of quarantine passengers may be transhipped to quarantine station, depot, or other vessel. Non-conneotions.—The Company disclaims all responsibility in case lot non-connection between the steamers of their different lines, only [undertaking in such cases to convey passengers to their destinations |by the next steamer. Passengers must bear the expenses of their stay at the port of |transhipment and all other consequences arising from non-connection. Expenses in Landing, Embarking, Etc.—All the expenses incurred lin landing and embarking, or transferring passengers and baggage from |one steamer to another, are to be defrayed by passengers themselves. No berth or cabin is to be occupied by a passenger without application to the agent on shore or to the Chief Steward of the steamer. The suite of rooms comprising the cabins-de-luxe, which are prohided in some of the Company's vessels, consisting of sitling room, [bedrooms, bathroom and lavatory, may be obtained on payment of an [increase on the ordinary fares, which may be ascertained on application [at the Company's offices. Passengers are entitled to a single berth only in a cabin, and pabins are let on the condition that the passengers may be transferred [except where the whole of the cabin is specially engaged) from one cabin to another, if required, to accommodate passengers. Such transfer will be made into a cabin as similar as practicable. The Company reserves the right to charge in excess of ordinary fares for the use of single cabins or deck cabins. Passengers dangerously ill, or suffering from a contagious disease lor mentally deranged, cannot be admitted on board a steamer. In the [event of any one of such afflictions declaring itself in the course of Ithe voyage, the person will be landed at the nearest port of call, and [such detention will be at the passenger's own expense, who will, after convalescence, be entitled to resume his journey on one of the Company's steamers. Each adult First and Second Saloon passenger is allowed 20 cubic feet of personal effects free; each adult Steerage passenger 10 cubic feet free. Children paying half fare will be allowed half measurement; Ml in excess of the allowance must be paid for at current rates of freight; only passengers' personal effects are considered baggage, and kll furniture, pianos, sewing machines, merchandise, bicycles, etc., must bay freight at full tariff rates. No passenger allowance when shipping Receipt issued.

The Company is not responsible for any loss, damage, or detention to luggage under any circumstances, unless booked as cargo, and freight paid thereon, and then only subject to the terms and conditions of the Company's usual shipping receipt form. Passengers should see that their baggage is delivered alongside steamers early on sailing day. Where transhipment is necessary, they must tranship their own luggage. Only a limited quantity of luggage is allowed in the state-rooms, and passengers must conform to the ship's regulations for the comfort of their fellow occupants. The Company is not responsible if articles are removed from s t a t e - r c m s , and passengers are advised to see that their effects are locked up if absent from the steamer in port. Jewellery and valuables may. at the request of passengers, be locked up by the Purser in the ship's safe for safe keeping, but no receipt is given for same, nor any responsibility accepted. CAUTION—Passengers are prohibited from carrying amongst their baggage ARTICLES OF AN EXPLOSIVE OR INFLAMMABLE NATURE likely to endanger or damage other goods. Any person so doing will be liable for penalties imposed by Statute as well as for the damage incurred. Wines and liquors can be had on board at moderate prices. Passengers are not allowed to take on board their own wines and spirits. At sea the Bar is open from 8 a.m. to 11 p.m. The Company's steamers are supplied with a well-selected library of standard works in general literature. Terms of subscription for the use of volumes can be ascertained on board from the Purser. Children travelling with their Parents— One Child under 3 years Free Additional children under 3 years. . . .Quarter Fare each 3 years and under 12 years Half Fare each Meal Hours.—The following meal hours are observed on board the steamers:— At Terminal Ports— Breakfast 8 a.m. Dinner 1 p.m. Tea 5 p.m. All other Ports— Breakfast 8 a.m. Dinner 1 p.m. Tea 5.30 p.m. At Sea— Breakfast 8.30 a.m. Luncheon 1 p.m. Dinner 6.30 p.m. Passengers desiring their visitors to join them at meals will he charged 2s. Gd. ,per meal for each guest. Wireless.—Messages for transmission by Wireless will be accepted on board those steamers of the Company that are equipped.with wireless telegraph apparatus, and the charges for such radiograms are as follows:— To Fiji, New Zealand and Commonwealth Coast Stations .. 6d. per word From one ship registered in the Commonwealth to another similarly registered . . 4d. per word I'rom a ship registered in the Commonwealth or New Zealand to an oversea ship 8d. per word Where transmission by cable (or telegraph land-line within the Commonwealth) is necessary, the recognised cable (or telegraph) tales will be added to the cost. (See Guide under Post and Telegraph In formation.) ME^i

n-r>rrNoKto»-V/ nrr.


22

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

LIGHTHOUSES Distance Visible. BRISBANE TO THURSDAY ISLAND. Miles. Brisbane, via North Channel — Brisbane, via N.W. Channel — Caloundra Head (White and Red Kixed) . . . . ID Double Island Point (Revolving) 21 Sandy Cape (Revolving) 27 Burnett River Entrance (Fixed) — Lady Elliot Island (Flash imin.) 11 Bustard Head (Flash and Eclipse) 21 Gatcombe Head, Port Curtis (White Fixed) . . li Cape Capricorn (Revolving) 23 Keppel Bay Pilot Station (Fixed) — Little Sea Hill. Keppel Bay (Red and While) . . 17 North Reef (Fixed and Group Flash) 11 Pine islet .While and Bed. Fixed ami Group) 21 Flat Top Islet (White and Red Fixed) 1!) I lent Island (Revolving) 16 North Head. P o r t Denis, p (White and Bed Fixed) II Cape Bowling Green (Revolving) 1i Cape Cleveland (White and Red Revolving) . . 20 Townsville (Red Fixed) 0 Bay Rock, -Magnetic Island (White and Red Fixed) 15 Lucinda Point. Hinchinbrook Channel (Two White Fixed) — North Barnard Island (Fixed) 14 Mourilyan Harbour (Two White Fixed) — North Barnard Island (Fixed White) 23 Flying Fish, J o h n s t o n e River (White Fixed) . . — Low Isles ( W h i t e Revolving lrnin.) 14 Rocky Point (Fixed W h i t e ) 1i Archer Point 20 Grassy Hill, Cooktown 10 Coquet Island 14 Pipon 13 Dim Beef 13 Claremont Lightship 10 Chapman Island 13 Piper Island Light 14 Clarke Island 14 Goode Island 24 Booby Island 10 MELBOURNE TO BRISBANE. Gellibrand Light (Occulting) 12 P i l e ' L i g h t , P o r t Phillip (White and Red) . . . . Queenscliff, Port Phillip Heads (Fixed) Point Lonsdale (Occulting) 17 Cape Schanc-k (Flash and Eclipse) 23 Wils n's Promontory (Fixed) 14 Cliffy Island (Flash and Eclipse) 20 Cape Everard (Double Flash) 21 Gabo Island (White and Bed Fixed) 20 (li u Cape (Flash) 19 Twofold Bay (Bed Fixed Light) 7 Montagu Island (Flash and Eclipse) 20 Point Perpendicular (White Flash) 24 Kiama Harbour Green Fixed) 9 Wollongong .(White Fixed Light) 10 Outer South Head, Sydney ( W h i t e Revolving) . 20 Inner South Head, Sydney (White Fixed) . . . . 14 Barranjoey Head (Red Fixed) 10 Nohby's, Newcastle (White Fixed) 17 Port Stephens (White and Bed Revolving) . . . 14 Seal Rocks ( W h i t e Revolving) 22 Crowdy Head ( W h i t e Fixed) 12 Tacking Point (White Fixed) 12 Smoky Gape (Flash) 28 South Solitary Island (Revolving) 20 Clarence River (White Fixed) 12

around the Coasts of Australia.

Distance from Light to Light. .Miles. 49 70 22 53 77 10 54 51 22 20 7 20 51 138 03 58

0.) 27 11

LnjK+UouSe"Rotfnesr I s l a n d

9-i 45 00 5 11 7 14 50

1 10 72 38 30 44 36 44 18 120 15

2 17 84 16 140 36 21 15 54 73 30 10 43 21 171 45 22 2i 34 32 29 45 48

Distance Visible. Miles. Richmond River (Two White Fixed Lights) . . 12 Cape Byron (Flash) 20 Fingal Point (White Fixed) 12 Cape Moreton ( W h i t e revolving every minute) 26 MELBOURNE TO ADELAIDE. Point Lonsdale • . . . 17 Eagle Nest (White and Red) 18 Cape Otway (Flash) 24 Cape Nelson (White Fixed) 22 Cape Northumberland (White Revolving) . . . . 20 .Cape Banks (White, Red, Revolving) 15 Penguin Island Light 14 Margaret Bi U Beef (White, Red) 16 Cape Willoughby (White Revolving) 19 Cape St. Albans ( W h i t e and Red Fixed) 15 Cape Jervis ( W h i t e Fixed) 14 Wonga Shoal, Semaphore, Port Adelaide (White Flash) 14 FROM ADELAIDE TO FREMANTLE. Trouhridge Shoal (White Revolving) 15 Althurpe Island (White, Red Flash) 25 South Neptune (Flash) 20 Cape Borda Light, Kangaroo Is. (Revolving) 17 Breaksea Island, Albany (White, Fixed Light) 24 Cape Leeuwin (White Flash and Eclipse) . . . . 20 Cape Naturaliste (Flash and Eclipse) 20 Rottnest Island, Fremantle (White Flash) . . . . 24 FREMANTLE TO PORT DARWIN. Balhurst Point Light, 41 miles from Fremantle 15 Moere Point Light, Geraldton 18 Cape Inscription 17 Babbage Island, Carnarvon 13 Cloat's Point 21 Nor' W e s t Cape 22 J a r m a n Island, Cossack 16 Bedout Island 12 Gantheaume Point 13 Cape Leveque 18 W y n d h a m W h a r f Headlight — Point Charles, 12 miles W. of Darwin 12 Cape Don, Coburg Peninsula, 102 miles N.N.E. — of Darwin —

Distance from Light to Ligtit. Miles. 35 17 27 70 2 26 38 97 48 19 30 40 97 4 12 50 48 51 37 13 927 166 57 100

256 210 60 116 54 235 55 201 121 600


23

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

YOUR LIGHTING, HE A TING AND COOKING

THE QUEENSLAND NATIONAL BANK, Limited. Bankers

to the Government

of Queensland

under agreement

extending to June 30, 1921.

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Our Gas Generators are the most Up-todate Lighting System on the market, and by using one of our Machines you will Save at least 50% of your present Cost or Lighting. miMIIIIIIIIIIIUIIIIIIIIIIIIIII!!lllllllllllllllllli!l!llllllll>ll!:i

Write for particulars or call and see us . . iniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii

THE QUEENSLAND

SAFETY AIR-GAS CO., GEORGE STREET,

BRISBANE

*48o, VUTHORISED CAPITAL .i'j, ooo, CAPITAL PAID UP .. . SUBSCRIBKD CAPITAL - . > RESERVE FUND . . . £l22,OOU INTERMINABLE INSCRIBED DEPOSIT STOCK .. £3,001,660/4 5. All New Business since 1893 Specially Protected. Directors: GEO. EDWARD BUNNING, Esq., Chairman; Hon. G. \Y. GRAY, M.L.C. ; JAS. LOVE. E s q . ; IAS. MILNE, Esq.; \Y. II. HART, Esq. General M a n a g e r : W. V. RALSTON. Head Office: BRISBANE. Branches: LONDON, MELBOURNE, SYDNEY, AND THROUGHOUT QUEENSLAND. Agents throughout Australasia, Scotland, Ireland, America, Canada, South Africa, China, and the East. Circular Notes are issued in sums of ^10, £10 and ,650, negotiable in the principal towns throughout the world. T H E QUEENSLAND NATIONAL BANK, LIMITED, grants Drafts on its Branches and Agents ; negotiates Bills against Wool, Tallow, Hides? Copper, Tin, &c.; Purchases and Advances on Gold; Discounts Commercial Paper; makes Advances on Approved Security ; receives Deposits and allows Interest there according to arrangement, and transacts all other usual Banking Business.

Tables of Distances, via Ports. Sydney and Rockhampton. Sydney. 510 090 782 882 982

Brisbane 180 Maryborough 272 92 Bundaberg 372 192 100 Gladstone 472 292 200 100 Rockhampton

J. C. Hassatl & Co. Insurance Agents

Tcwnsville to Cairns, via Ports. Townsville GO

Lucinda

130 208

70 148

Point

IWourilyan 78 Cairns

Scottish Union X National Insurance Co. Maritime Insurance Co. (Marine).

Fremantle to Burketown. Fremantle 1378 Adelaide 1886 508 Melbourne 2450 1072 564 Sydney 2900 1582 1074 510 Brisbane 3310 1933 1424 860 350 Keppel Bay 3500 2122 1614 190 Mackay 1050 540 3G05 2227 1719 1155 645 295 105 Bowen 3708 2330 1822 1258 103 T o w n s v i l l e 748 208 398 3868 2490 1982 1418 1G0 Cairns 908 368 558 263 3903 2525 2017 1 153 195 3 5 P o r t Douglas 943 403 593 298 3968 2590 2082 1518 260 100 05 Cooktown 1008 468 658 363 4408 3030 2522 1958 1448 908 TOO 540 505 4 40 Thursday Island 1098 803 4908 35i30 3022 2458 1948 1408 1200 1040 1005 940 5 0 0 Normanton 1303 1598 5040 3668 3160 2596 2086 154G 1338 1178 I I i3 1078 638 138 Burketown 1736 1441

Special General Agency Dept

London Bank Chambers, Creek Street, BRISBANE.


24

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

s=

HARDY BROTHERS LTD. Jewellers, Goldsmiths and Silversmiths Whether you are in Melbourne, Sydney, or Brisbane, there is a Hardy Brothers' Showrooms in which to select your needs

SYDNEY* BRISBANE

SHOWROOMS

MELBOURNE LONDON


26

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

Commercial Gazetteer. BANKING.

Queensland National Bank, Ltd.—Head Office, Queen Street, Brisbane.—Brandies lruugliout Queensland and at Sydney, Melbourne, London, etc. Agencies throughout the world. Transacts all usual banking business. GENERAL

MERCHANTS,

SHIPPING,

CUS-

TOMS, AND FORWARDING AGENTS, Etc.

lacdonald, Hamilton A Co.—Head Office: Mary St., Brisbane, Q.—Managing Agents for Australasian Steam Navigation Co. Lto. Central Queensland Meat Export Co., Ltd., Fitzroy Estates Ltd. Agents for B.I. S.N. Co., Ltd., Q.S.S. Line, (Turnfbult Martin & Co.), N.Z. Shipping Co., Ltd., CanadianAustralasian Royal Mail Line, San Francisco Service (U.S..S. Co.), TJ.S.S. Co. of N. Zealand, Ltd., Huddart, Parker Ltd., London Assurance Corporation (Marine), Carpentaria Lighterage Co., Ltd. Tug and Lighter owners. Jurns, Philp A Co., Ltd.—Capital Registered £2,000,000, paid up £1,500,000, General Merchants, Ship Owners, Shipping and Tourist Agents. SHIPPING: Burns, Philp Line of Steamers to the South Sea Islands, New Guinea, Singapore and Java Ports. Agents A.U.S.N. Co., Ltd., B.I.8.N. Co., Ltd., etc. Lloyd's London. Special Tourists branch arrangements can be made for booking to all parts of the world. HEAD OFFICE: 9 Bridge St., Sydney. Melbourne. Mary St., Brisbane. Flinders St., Townsville. Abbott St., Cairns. Thursday Island. Normanton. Suva and Levuka, Fiji. Etc., Etc. ?oyal Packet Navigation Co. (Java Line).— Head Australian Office: Pitt St., Sydney.

First-class steamers to Java, Sumatra and the East. Rich A Co., Ltd.—Head Office: Wharf St., Brisbane; and at London and Sydney; General Merchants, Wholesale Grocers, Wine and Spirils. Drapery, etc. Station requirements a speciality. Jalgety A Co., Ltd., Melbourne, Sydney, Newcastle, Geelong, Adelaide, Brisbane, Perth, etc. Head Office: 45 Bishopsgate, London, E.C. General Import and Export Merchants, Shipping and Insurance Agents, Exporters of Wool, Butter, Grain, Tallow and General Produce, Stock and Station Agents, etc. rhomas Brown A Sons, Ltd., Eagle St., Brisbane, Warehousemen, Importers of Gen| eral Drapery, Fancy Goods, Ironmongery, Wines, Spirits and Groceries, Shipping and Insurance Agents, etc. Sole Agents for Foster's Lager, ete. |». W. Thurlow A Co., Ltd., Wharf and Adelaide Sts., Brisbane, Wholesale Grocers, Wine and Spirit Merchants, etc., and Manufacturers of Groeers' Sundries. Jowes Bros. A Co., Ltd., Roma St., Brisbane,

Produce and General Merchants and Auctioneers. -^/ebster

A

Co., Ltd., Mary St., Brisbane,

Merchants and Wine and Spirit Merchants, Paper and Printing Machinery. Agents Coleman's Mustard " Trufood Powdered Milk." Siemon A Sons, Roma St., Brisbane, Produce and General Auctioneers and Agents, Ship Providers. And at Townsville and Charters Towers, Queensland.

Straughan, Walker A Co., 100 and 102 Roma Street, Brisbane, Import, Export and Indent Merchants. Controlling Day Dawn Packing and Canning Co. Charles O'Reilly. Bond, Offices and Free Stores, 93-105 Margaret St., Brisbane, Shipping and Customs Agent, Carrying Contractor, Bonded Warehouseman, etc. • Est. 18&6. J. C. Hassall A Co. Special General Agency Department: London Bank Chambers, Creek Street, Brisbane. Insurance Agents. Scottish Union and National Insurance Co., Maritime Insurance Co. (Marine). Walter Reid A Co., Ltd., Rockhampton, Q-. General Merchants, Shipping and Insurance Agents. Shipping Agencies: A.U.S.N. etc. Synnott, Murray A Scholes, Ltd., Burketown, Gulf of Carpentaria, General Merchants, Stock, Station, Shipping, Receiving and Forwarding Agents. The centre for any business, land or pastoral matters connected with the Gulf of Carpentaria. Brownhill, Kirk A Co., Ltd., Townsville. Insurance and General Commission Agents. Morey A Co., Thursday Island, Q., Pearlshellers, Shipping, Insurance and General Agents. Special: Pearl Shell, Trocas, Tortoise Shell, SandeLwood, etc. J. M. Headrick A Co., East St., Rockhampton, Wine and Spirit and General Merchants, etc. Paxton A Co., Ltd., Mackay, Wine and Spirit and General Merchants and General Forwarding Agents. A.U.S.N. Co., B.I.S.N. Co., etc. Marsh A Webster, Ltd., The Corner Sydney and Victoria Sts., Mackay, Q., General Merchants, Drapers and Storekeepers. Callaghan, Walsh Ltd., Port Douglas, N.Q. General Merchants, Shipping and Forwarding Agents. J. A P. Pease, Townsville, General Produce, Wine and Spirit Merchants and Importers. Agents Carlton Ales.

A. M. Brodziak, Ltd. Fiji. Branches at

Head Office: Suva, Nausori and Labasa.

Estate H. E. Williams, Yungaburra, etc., Cairns Line, Prospector's Lake, Eacham Hotel, General Merchants.

COLLIERY PROPRIETORS, COAL MERCHANTS, ETC. Cleghorn, Hopkins A Co., Ltd., Brisbane,

Sun Wo Tiy, Cairns, General Merchant and Storekeeper. Shipping supplied with all requirements. H. A J. Friend, Gladstone, Q., General Merchants, Direct Importers and Storekeepers. Station and ship supplies a speciality. J. F. Brown A Sons, Ltd., Maryborough, Q , General Merchants, Importers, Wine and Spirit Merchants. Headrick Ltd., Cairns and Tolga, N.Q., General and Forward Agents and Timber Merchants. Agents Bibhoora Meat Export Co., Thermo Electrical Ore Reduction Works, etc. W. E. Curtis A Co., Ltd. (R. G. Curtis—F. A. Castle), Bundaberg, Q., Auctioneers, Valuators, Customs, Insurance and General Shipping Agents, Land Specialists of the great Bundaberg Sugar and Dairying District. Frank Fraser, Ingham, Herbert River, N.Q., General Merchant, Storekeeper, Wine and Spirit Merchant, Steamship Agents, etc. Agent A.U.S.N. Co., etc. Lassetters, George, York, Clarence and Kent Sts., Sydney, Universal Providers, Drapery, Ironmongery, Furnishings, Grocery, Wines, and Spirits, etc. Banks Bros., 16 Spring St., Sydney, Shipping Brokers and General Agents. Geo. J. Banks, Colonial Representative. Hartmann's Rahtjens Improved Composition (The Red Hand Brand).

Goal Contractors, Lighters and Tug Owners, Freight and Insurance Brokers. Sole Agents and Shipping Managers for Boxflat Aberdare and Aberdare Extended Collieries, Bundamba. New Lambton Land and Coal Co., Ltd., Newcastle, N.S.W. Dalgety & Co., Agents. Suppliers of Bunker Coal for the leading Steamship Lines. William Collin A Sons, Ltd. Offices: Corner Adelaide and Macrossan Sts., Petrie Bight, Brisbane, Shipowners, Lightermen, etc. Agents for Rhondda Colliery.

General and Indent Merchants, South Sea Island Produce, etc. Brown A Joske, Suva, Fiji, Shipping, Wine and Spirit Merchants and Commission Agents. Agents for Fiji Shipping Co. J. C. Collins, Ltd., Suva, Fiji, General Merchants and Commission Agents, Exporters of Trocas and Mother of Pearl Shell, etc. Morris, Hedstrom A ' Co., Ltd., Suva and Levuka, Fiji, General Merchants, Shipping, Insurance and General Agents. Lloyd's Agents, etc. Branches at Lautoka, Ba., Savu Savu and Taveuni. Geo. Wood, Son A Co., Head Office, North Terrace, Adelaide, S.A., Wholesale Grocers, Merchants and Importers of high-class Groceries and Provisions. Agents for Renmark Fruit Packing Union Ltd., etc. Branches at Port Adelaide, Broken Hill, Fremantle, Perth, W.A., and London, Mincing Lane. TUG BOATS.

James Wallace, 123 Sussex St., Sydney, N.S.W., Steam Tug and Water Tank Proprietor. Tugs: "Emu," "Sterling," "Norman Wallace," "Waning." For docking and berthing vessels of any tonnage. Water tender: "Our Queen," 1,000 tons per day. HAM AND BACON CURERS. C. Barnes A Co., Ltd. Head Office: 22-25 Liverpool St., Sydney, N.S.W. Ham and

Bacon Curers, Produce and Commission Agents. Stock Farm: Ashfield. J. C. Hutton Prop. Ltd., Manufacturers of "Pineapple" Hams and Bacon. Curing and Freezing Works: Zillmere, Brisbane. Warehouse and Offices: Roma St., Brisbane; and at Melbourne, Canterbury (N.S.W.), Launceston (Tas.), and Fremantle (W.A.). Sydney Agent: Prescott Ltd., 305-375 Sussex St., Sydney. Cable address: "Pineapple."

John Reid (Est. 1862), Newcastle, N.S.W.,

Shipping, Colliery and Insurance Agent, General Merchant. Coal Cargoes arranged. Sole Selling Agent for Rothbury Collieries, Newcastle. ENGINEERS, IRONFOUNDERS, SHIPWRIGHTS, BOILER MAKERS, MACHINERY MERCHANTS, ETC. A.U.S.N. Engineering Works (Smith A Faulkner, Ltd), 186-8 Alice St., Brisbane, Engineers, Iron and Steel Founders, Boiler Makers, General Engineering Work, etc.

Burns A Twigg, Ltd., Rockhampton, Q., Engineers, Steel and Iron Founders, Boiler Makers, Sugar, Mining, Agricultural and General Machinery Manufacturers. Crucible Steel Castings, Meat Works Machinery and Appliances.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

26

Broken Hill Proprietory Co., Ltd. Head Office: Equitable Buildings, Melbourne. Mine: Broken Hill, N.S.W. Iron and Steel Works: Newcastle, N.S.W. Steel Rails. Billets, Blooms, Structural Steel, Pig Iron, etc. IMort's Dock A Engineering Co., Ltd. Works: IMort's Bay, Johnstone Bay, and Woolwich, Sydney, N.S.W., Shipbuilders, Engineers, Boiler Makers, Iron, Brass and Steel Pounders, etc. Queensland Machinery Co., Ltd. Offices and Warehouse: Albert St., Brisbane, Q. General Machinery Merchants, Iron and Steel Importers, Ppwcr Users and Engineers Supplies of all kinds. Cable address: "Engineering," Brisbane. Codes: A.B.C., Lieber's Engineering, Western Union. Engineering Supply Co. of Australia Ltd.— E.S.C.A.—Head Office: Corner Edward and Charlotte Sts., Brisbane, Q., Iron and Steel Importers and Machinery Merchants. Bulk Stores and Iron Yard: Corner George and Margaret Sts., Brisbane. John Reid & Nephews, 34-36 Charlotte St., Brisbane, Q., Engineers, Mine, Mill, and Power Users. General Supplies. Wm. Adams A Co., Ltd., corner of Edward and Mary Sts., Brisbane, Q., Engineers' Furnishers, Lubrieatirig Oils, Belting. Boiler Coverings, Lubricators, Kilters. Wm. Robertson & Co., Ltd., Victoria Foundry, Townsville, Engineers, Iron and Brass Founders, Rolling Stock. Bridge and Boiling Appliances, Cranes, Deep Well Pumps, etc. Peters' Patent Slip, Kangaroo Point, Brisbane River, Brisbane, Q., Shipwrights, Engineers, etc. Accommodation for vessels up to 1,000 tons. All facilities for Quick work. Shiosake's Slip, Thursday Island. Accommodation for vessels up to 300 tons. Prompt ship repair work. Hockley's Ltd., " Albion " Stove Foundry and Engineering Works, Maryborough and Brisbane, Q., Wholesale and Retail Hardware Merchants. .Manufacturers of " Albion " Stoves. General Agricultural Implements and Parts, Winches, Screw Jacks, etc. W. H. Terry, Suva, Fiji, Ship. Yacht and Boat Builder, Ship Chandler and Ironmonger. W. H. Swales, Flinder's Lane, Townsville, N.Q., Mechanical and Consulting Engineer, Specialist Marine and Refrigerating work. SHIP CHANDLERS, ETC. Banks Bros., 16 Spring St., Sydney, N.S.W.,

Shipping Brokers and General Agents. Geo. J. Banks; Colonial Representative for Hartmann's Rahtjens Improved Composition (The Red Hand Brand). John Broomfield, 152-154 Sussex St., Sydney, N.S.W., Ship Chandler and Hardware Merchant. Paints. Oils, Engineers and General Ship Stores, etc. Motor Launch Gear and Fittings. W. McKenzie & Co., Flinders St., Townsville, Q., Manufacturers of the " Swagman " Brand of Tents, Tarpaulins, Horse Rugs, Wool Sheets. Everything in Boat Gear, Sail and Fishing Tackle. Paul & Gray, Ltd., Sussex St., Sydney, Melbourne, Newcastle and 60 Gracechurch St., London, Ship Chandlers and General Hardware Merchants. Wilson's Waratah Anti-Friction Metal. Works and Offices: East Brisbane, Q. For bearings of all kinds. The Best. RUBBER

MANUFACTURERS.

The Silverton Rubber Co., 279 George St., Sydney, N.S.W., Manufacturers and Suppliers -of all kinds of Rubber Goods and Electrical Supplies. Palmer Tyres—the Best. Price Catalogue on application.

OPTICAL AND MATHEMATICAL AND GLASS INSTRUMENTS, ETC.

Herga & Co., Edward St., near Adelaide St., Brisbane, Q., Government Contractors, Marine and Scientific Instrument Suppliers and Export Repairers and Watchmakers and Jewellers. Wilson, Nafts & Co., 96 Wharf St., Brisbane (next Fire Brigade Station), Manufacturers and Repairers of Scientific Glass Instruments for every profession, trade, and industry. Catalogues on application. JEWELLERS AND SILVERSMITHS.

Hardy Bros., Ltd.—The Showrooms: Queen St., Brisbane—Under Vice-Regal Patronage (Sydney and Brisbane). Tins highclass Jewellery House has recently remodelled and enlarged their Brisbane premises which stretch from Queen St. to Burnett Lane. The Workshops, Designing and Engravers' Rooms are under the firm's own roof. The Showrooms, Queen St., Brisbane, compare favourably with any in Paris or London. C. A. Brown, Queen St., near Albert St., Brisbane, Jeweller, Watchmaker and Silversmith, Government Contractor. High-class Jewellery work and Instrument Repairer in all branches. F. Perry, Flinders St., Townsville, Jeweller, Silversmith, Watchmaker, etc., the leading North Queensland Jeweller, Watchmaker and Silversmith. SHIP POVIDERS, MEAT SUPPLIES, ETC.

R. Battye, Carlyle St., Glanville, Port Adelaide, S.A., Shipping Provider, Wholesale Greengrocer, Fruiterer, Poulterer, etc. Tel. 140. J. P. Flanagan, 438-440 Elizabeth St., Melbourne, Vic, Ship Provider. Purveyor to the A.U.S.N. Co., Ltd. Tel. 1525. Freelegus Bros. Head Office: George St., Brisbane, Q. Specialists in Fish, Poultry, Oysters, Game and General Provisions. W. Angliss A Co., Pty. Ltd., Melbourne, Vic, Wholesale Shipping and Export Butchers, Ice Manufacturers. Head Office: 42-G Bourke St. Imperial Freezing Works: Footscray. J. Hill A Sons, Fish Market, Melbourne, Vic, Fish, Oysters, Game and Rabbit Salesmen. Established 1864. H. Peel, 239-246 Harris St., Sydney, N.S.W., Supplier of Fresh and Smoked Fish, etc. Direct Importer. Shipping Orders receive prompt attention. Garbutt Bros. Ltd., Townsville, Shipping and Family Butchers. Supply promptly in any quantity. Siemon & Sons, Ltd., Roma St., Brisbane, Produce and General Merchants. Shipping requirements promptly met. And at Ipswich, Townsville and Charters Towers. Torres Straits Fresh Food and Ice Co., Thursday Island, Fresh Provisions, Aerated Waters, etc. Shipping supplied with fresh meat by signalling Goode Island. Thos. Play fair, 166-168 George St. (North) Sydney, N.S.W., Fresh, Frozen, and Salt Meats in any quantity. Cable address: "Fairplay," Sydney. David Hyland A Sons Pty. Ltd. Head Office and Works: Sennett's Freezing Works, Queen's Bridge, Melbourne. Sydney Works: 766 Harris St., Sydney. Poultry and Frozen Produce Exporters, Shipping Providers. Christopher Stanley, 537 George St., Sydney, N.S.W., Wholesale and Retail Fruiterers. Greengrocers & Shipping Providers. A. Sparkes. Head Office: Leichhardt St., Brisbane, Q. Wholesale and Retail Shipping and Family Butshers.

Sam Hop A Co., Junction, Ipswich Road, South Brisbane, Q., Wholesale Market Gardeners and Fruit Merchants. J. G. Kelly, Bowen, N.Q., Shipping Butcher, Ice and Cold Storage. Woodward A Norval, Bourbon St., Bundaberg, Q., Shipping and Family Butchers. ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES.

Edison A Swan, United Electric Light Co., Ltd. (the All British Firm), Adelaide St., Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne, Manufacturers and Suppliers of all Electrical Requirements. Thomas Tonks, Brisbane Electrical Co., Elizabeth St., Brisbane, Q., Electrical Engineers. Contractors for the Installation of Electric Light Power, Telephone ami Acetylene Gas. Electrical Supplies of all kinds. Works: Grey St., S. Brisbane. WIRE ROPES, CABLES AND GENERAL ROPE AND CORDAGE. Queensland Machinery Co., Ltd., Albert St., Brisbane, Q. Agents for T. and W. Smi.h Ltd., Newcastle-on-Tyne. Wire Ropes for all purposes. Engineering Supply Co. of Australia, Ltd. E.S.C.A.) Head Office: Corner of Edward and Charlotte Sts., Brisbane, Q. Agents for W. T. Henley's Telegraph Works Ltd. Electric Wires and Cables. John Reid A Nephews. Office and Warehouse: 34-36 Charlotte St., Brisbane, Q. Engineers Supplies. Agents for Allan Whyte & Co.'s Celebrated Steel Wire Ropes. Bullivant A Co., Ltd. Head Office for Australia: 331-3 Kent St., Sydney, N.S.W.

Indentors and Manufacturers of Win Ropes for all purposes. Also Tested Blocks, Pulleys and Crab Winches and all Wire Rope appliances. John Broomfield, 152-154 Sussex St., Sydney, Ship Chandler and Hardware Merchant. Agent for Warrington Wire Rope Works, Jackson, McConnan, Temple Ltd.. Ropes and Twines. George Kinnear A Sons Pty. Ltd. Office and Warehouse: 359 Lonsdale St., Melbourne, Vic. Manufacturers of the Emu Brand of Rope Cordage ami Twine Agents: Messrs. O. Pendergast & Co., Clarence St., Sydney; H. Lord, Charlotte St., Brisbane; S. H. Stack & Co., 30 Wevinouth St., Adelaide; 0. Levy, Exchange Buildings, Hobart. Jas. Miller & Co. Pty. Ltd., 257-9 Little Collins St., Melbourne, Vic, Rope. Twine and Cordage Manufacturers. Works: Yarraville and Brunswick. A. Forsyth A Co., Australian Rope Works, Burke St., Waterloo, N.S.W.; Kangaroo Point, Brisbane, Q. Largest manufacturers in Australia of Ropes, Lashings, Log Lines, Harvesting Twine, etc. Head Office: 339 Kent St., Sydney, N.S.W. SAWMILLERS, TIMBER MERCHANTS, SASH AND DOOR MANUFACTURERS, ETC.

Chapman A Co., Ltd. Head Office: Townsville. Mills: Townsville, Innisfail, and Maria Creek, X.Q. Sawmillers, Timber Merchants, Sash and Door Manufacturers. Log, Flitch or Sawn Timber supplied in any quantity. Silky Oak, Bean, Hardwoods, etc. John W. Eaton, Ltd., Pioener Sawmills, Berry's Bay, N. Sydney, N.S.W., Timber. Joinery and Galvanised Iron Merchants. Shipping orders a speciality. Head Office: West Crescent St., North Sydney. South West Timber Hewers Co-op. Co., Ltd., Perth, W.A., Exporters of Jarrah. Karri, etc. Log, Scantlings, Sleepers, etc.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE. ilson, Hart & Co., Ltd., Maryborough, Q., Sawmillers and Timber Merchants. Supplies of all kinds of building timber, cases and case Umber. Rough and dressed pine a speciality. Hyne « Sons, National Saw and Planing Mills, Maryborough, Q., Sawmillers and Timber Merchants. Exporters of Timbers of all kinds and for all purposes. Fruit and Butter Buxes, etc. Branches at Rockliampton and Townsville. Millars Timber and Trading Co., Ltd., Dealers in Karri. Jarrah, Tasmanian, N.S. Wales and Queensland Timbers. Head Australian Office; St. George House, Perth, W.A.; and 22 branches. Cairns Timber Ltd., Cairns, N.Q., Specialists in North Queensland Timbers, Log-, Flitch or Sawn Silky Oak, Maple, Cedar, etc. Brisbane Agents: Moxom & Co., Customs chambers, Brisbane. NEWSPAPERS.

" Rockhampton Morning Bulletin," the leading: daily paper in Central Queensland. •CAPRICUUNIAN," the leading' illustrated weekly journal in Central Queensland. Offices: Bast St., Rockhampton. "Cairns Post" daily).—A live morning journal; circulates throughout North C ensland and New Guinea. . "The Northern Herald," Cairns. Illustrated weekly. Offices: Cairns Post Ltd., Cairns, N. Queensland. "The West Australian" (daily).—The only morning paper published in Perth, with a circulation covering the whole of the State. "The Western Mail," Gd., Illustrated. Proprietors: The West Australian Newspaper Co., Ltd., St. George Terrace, Perth, W.A. "FIJI Times," Suva.— Daily). Circulating throughout Fiji, the South Sea Islands, Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, etc. Established 1869. Fiji Times Ltd., Suva, Fiji. LAND AND ESTATE AGENTS.

W. E. Curtis & Co. Ltd. (R. G. Curtis—F. A. Castle), Bundaberg, Q., Land Salesmen and Agents, Auctioneers, Valuators, Customs and Financial Agents, etc. Land Specialists of the Burnett and Gladstone and Wide Bay Districts. Broyvnhill, Kirk & Co., Flinders St., Townsville, Land and Estate. Insurance and General Commission Agents. GENERAL

IRONMONGERS, PLUMBERS, TINSMITHS, ETC.

W. Breckels A Co., East St., Rockhampton, Q., Hardware Merchants, Ironmongers, Plumbers, etc. Agricultural Implements, etc. Wyper Bros., Bourbon and Quay Sts., Bundaberg, Q., Wholesale and Retail Ironmongers, and General Ironworkers, Agricultural Implements, etc., Manufacturers of Cans of all sizes, Furniture. Bedding etc. Watson Bros., Mary St., and corner Queen and Albert Sts., Brisbane, Q., Plumbers. Gasfltters and General Galvanised Iron Workers, Ironmongers, etc.. DAIRY, FRUIT AND PRODUCE MERCHANTS, ETC.

Cameron & McFadyn, 143 Sussex St., Sydney, Interstate Produce Merchants and Commission Agents. Prescott Ltd., 365-367 Sussex St., Sydney, Farm and Produce Merchants, Auctioneers etc. Agents for J. C. Hutton's " Pineapple " Hams. Bacon and Lard. Est. 1850 hea, Hood & Co. Pty. Ltd., Catherine Place, off 525 Flinders Lane, W. Melbourne, Produce Merchants, Commission Agents, etc., Exporters of Colonial Produce.

27

Hopkins & Lipscombe, Fruit Exchange, Sydney, N.S.W., Fruit Importers and Exporters. Ship Providers and Commission Agents, Importers and Exporters. Est. !87:>. R. Crollick Ltd., Fruit Exchange, and Turbot St., Brisbane, Fn:it Agent and Produce Merchant. Shipping orders a speciality. Egg and Poultry Suppliers. W. Siemon & Sons, Ltd., Roma St., Brisbane, Produce ami General Merchants, Auctioneers and General Agents, Ship Providors. And at Ipswich, Townsville and Charters Towers, Q. CHEMISTS AND DRUGGISTS. Row & Co., East St., Rockhampton, Q.

All

pharmaceutical preparalimis stocked. Instruments, Patent Medicines, Toilet Articles, etc. Prescriptions dispensed in strict accordance with the British Pharmacocopacia. W. A. McGuffle & Co. (S. G. Cowell), 248 Queen St., Brisbane, Pharmaceutical Chemists by appointment. High-class Pharmacy. Tel. 536. " Lassetter," George, York, Clarence and Kent Sts., Sydney, N.S.W., Universal Providers, Drug and Chemisls' Supplies of all kinds. J. A. Wilson, Ph.C. M.P.S., The Pharmacy, Thursday Island, Dispenser to II.M. F o r e s

W. H. Green, Ltd. Head Office: Townsville, Pharmaceutical Chemists. Medical and Toilet Requisites. Branches: Cairns, Bowen, Ayr. Ingham, Innisfail. Wawn's Wonder Wool—a marvellous Pain Reliever, for stimulating circulation and dispelling inflammation and pain. All Pharmacies. V. A. Wawn, Manufacturing Chemist, Box 1236 G.P.O., Sydriey. DRAPERS, OUTFITTERS, WAREHOUSEMEN, AND GENERAL FURNISHERS.

Hordern Bros., 203-211 George St., Sydney, N.S.W., Drapers, Milliners and General Travellers Outfitters. Special Catalogues and Fashion Books. Goods delivered to any port in Australia or the Fiji Islands, called at by the A.U.S.N. Steamers, free at Sydney prices. Anthony Hordern it Son, Brickfield Hill, Sydney, N.S.W., Universal Providers. Everything required in home, station. travelling or other need. " Lassetters," George, York, Clarence and Kent Sts., Sydney, N.S.W., Universal Providers. Everything required by Travellers. Seamen, Housewife or Builder. Nock & Kirby, The Low Price Stores fnear Circular Quay). 188-194 George St., Sydney, N.S.W. Everything in Tourists and • Travellers needs stocked. HOTELS, CAFES, ETC. Kangaroo Point Hotel, Brisbane. Across the

river from the A.U.S.N. Wharves by steam ferry. Modern hotel, charmingly situated in quiet position within five minutes of the wharves and heart of the city. CHAS. McQUTLLAN, proprietor. Transcontinental Hotel, George St. (opp. Roma St. Railway Gates), Brisbane. BELL & McJNAMARA, proprietress. Hotel Grand, Bundaberg, Q. First-class hotel in the most central position. Splendidly furnished. Sample rooms. Buggy meets all trains. J. A. SINCLAIR, proprietor. Blue Bell Hotel, Gladstone, Q. A fine twostoried hotel overlooking the harbour. Every accommodation. I. S. GROW, proprietor. Emu Park Hotel, Keppel Bay, Rockhampton, Q. The ideal seaside resort. H. W. JOHNSON, proprietor. Grand View Hotel, Bowen, N.Q., overlooking the harbour. H. A. KELLY, proprietor. Algar's North Australian Hotel, Bowen, N.Q. Commercial Travellers' House. F. S. ALGAR, proprietor.

Queen's Hotel, Townsville, Q. One of the Bnest hotels in Australia. Overlooking Cleveland Bay and Townsville Harbour. All steamers met. Buchanan's Hotel, Sturt St., Townsville, Q. A first-class hotel. Excellent accommodation. Sample rooms. Attendant meets all steamers and trains. H. E. SPENCE, proprietor. Excelsior Hotel, Flinders St., Townsville (near G.P.O.). Every accommodation. B. M. GUINANE, proprietor. Great Northern Hotel, Flinders St., Towns-ville. Central position. Excellent house for travellers. II. J. MORRIS, proprietor. " Mandalay," Magnetic Island, Tourist Resort, opposite Townsville. Hayle's Motor Launch from Townsville. Geisha Cafe, Flinders St., Townsville. A charming centre. Miss S. E. BURROWS, proprietress. Stathe Macrae, Flinders St., Townsville, High-class Cafe, Refreshment and Supper Rooms. Strand Hotel, Cairns. Splendid position, overlooking Cairns Harbour. All steamers mil. GEO. R. PRATT, proprietor. Hotel Imperial, Cairns, N.Q.—Excellent accommodation. Porter meets all steamers. Sample rooms. Miss X. FOX, proprietress. Lake Eacham Hotel, Yungaburra, Cairns Line. The centre for the famous Lakes Eacham and Barrine. Excellent accommodation. Comino's, Abbott St., Cairns, Leading North Queensland Cafe. Refreshments, Fruits, Confectionery, etc. A tropical retreat for tourists. Court House Hotel, Port Douglas, N.Q. The centre from which the whole of the rich areas of the Mosman, Daintree and other centres can be reached. M. BETHEL, proprietor. Exchange Hotel, Mosman, N.Q. A centre for the rich Mosman and Daintree Rivers district. Excellent accommodation. E. J. O'BRIEN, proprietor. Great Northern Hotel, Cooktown, N.Q. Splendid high position overlooking the town, Endeavour River and harbour. Excellent accommodation. G. A. LOVE, proprietor. Hotel Metropole, Thursday Island. Near jetty, splendid view, fine accommodation. W. J. GRAHAM, proprietor. McNulty's Federal Hotel, Victoria Parade, Thursday Island. Situated on the beach, magnificent view of Torres Straits. G. M. McNULTY, proprietor. NOTE.—The City Office of the following hotels is at 42 Castlereagh St., Sydney:— The Medio Bath, Hotel de Luxe, Hydro Majestic, Katoomba, N.S. Wales; 3,500 feet above sea-level. A palatial mountain pleasure resort. The Carrington, Katoomba.—A premier hotel of the mountain metropolis. Hotel-de-la-Paix, Mt. Victoria.—Amidst gorgeous mountain views. Hotel Arcadia, Pitt and Castlereagh St., Sydney. —Centre of City. Luxuriously fitted throughout. " Grand Central Hotel, Adelaide, S.A.—A premier hotel of Australia. Central position. Telegraph address: Grand Central, Adelaide. Southern Cross Hotel, King William St., Adelaide, S.A.—Central position and highclass accommodation. Moderate tariff. P. FLANAGAN, proprietor. Palace Hotel, St. George Terrace, Perth, W.A.—One of the finest hotels in Australia. Replete with every modern convenience. Post and Telegraph Office on premises. JOHN T. GLOWERY, proprietor.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

28

SOAP MANUFACTURERS. Campbell Bros., Ltd., Bowen Hills, Brisbane,

Soap and Soda Crystal Manufacturers, Soda Crystals, Caustic, etc. And at North St., Toowooniiba, Q. J. Kitchen A Sons Pty. Ltd., Candle and Soap Manufacturers, Oil and Glycerine Refiners, Importers. BRISBANE SOAP CO., LTD.—Offices: Elizabeth St., Brisbane. Works: Brisbane River. WINES, BEER AND SPIRITS.

Bundaberg Brewery, Bundaberg, Q. O. B. STEINDL, manager. Ale and Stout in Bottle or Bulk. James Buchanan A Co., Whisky, Sydney.

Foster's Lager (Bottles ur Bulk), CARLTON UNITED BREWERIES LTD., Melbourne. Agents: Thos. Brown & Son, Ltd., General Merchants, Brisbane. Lindemann Ltd., Cawarra Cellars, Queen Victoria Markets, George St., Sydney, N.S.W. Specialists in Wines, Champagne and Sparkling Hock. Seven Gold Medals. STEAM LAUNDRY.

Fish Steam Laundry, Ltd., Ann St., Valley, Brisbane, Q., Shipping, Hotel and Family Laundry. Tourists specially catered for. Fremantle Steam Laundry, Swan St., North Fremantle, W.A., Contractors to Shipping Companies. Telephone 714. TOBACCOS. British Australasian Tobacco Co., Ltd., Melbourne. Havelock, etc. BAKERS AND CONFECTIONERS.

A. Nicholson, Machine Bakery, Targo St., Bundaberg, Q., Baker and Confectioner. Shipping and Family Baker and Confectioner. G. Frances, North Ward, Townsville, Q., Family and Shipping Baker. High-class goods.

W. T. D. Smith, William and Archer Sts., Rockhampton, Q., Family and Shipping Baker and Confectioner. Shipping supplied. FLOUR MILLERS, BISCUIT MANUFACTURERS, ETC.

Gillespie Bros. & Co., Roller Flour Mills, Sydney, N.S.W., Manufacturers of "Anchor," " King of Patents," and " King of Patents Manitoba " Flours. Ockerby & Co., Ltd. Head Office: A.M.P. Chambers, Perth, W.A., Flour Millers and Grain Merchants. Shipping Office: 2't Henry St., Fremantle, W.A. Mills: •' Eureka " Mills, Cottesloe. The largest Flour Mills in West Australia. " Union " Mills, Kellerberrin. T. Brunton A Co. Office: Robb's Buildings, S31 Collins St., Melbourne, Flour Millers and Wheat Merchants, Australian Flour Mills and Grain Stores. Arnotts Ltd., Newcastle, N.S.W., Manufacturers of the famous Arnott's Biscuits. Offices and Works: Newcastle, N.S.W. Jas. Minifie & Co., Roller Flour Mills, 410 Collins St., Melbourne, Flour Millers and Merchants; and at Maryborough, Victoria. Jas. F. McKenzle & Co. Pty., Ltd. Offices and Mills: Flinders St., Melbourne; and at Sydney. Coffee, Rice, Spice and Oatmeal Millers. Importers of Eastern Produce. Swallow A Ariel), Port Melbourne. "Quality" Biscuits, 150 kinds, Cakes, Plum Puddings, Mincemeat, Marmalade, Sea Foam Baking Powder, Canned Fruits, Vegetables, Seeded Raisens, etc. Morrows Ltd. Works and Offices: North Quay, Brisbane. High-class Biscuit anil Confectionery .Manufacturers. Noted for Purity and Quality.

GENERAL.

Cairne's Studios, Parade, Suva, Fiji, Art Photographers. The centre for all photographic wrork and views in the Fiji Islands. W. E. Smith, Ltd., 22-30 Bridge St., Sydney, N.S.W., Manufacturing Stationers, Commercial and Art Printers. Queensland Safety Air Gas Co., George St., Brisbane, the must up-to-date Lighting System. Butler Bros. (Aust.) Ltd., Charlotte St., Brisbane, Wholesale Saddlers and Harness Manufacturers. Also Trace, Leading, Plough and Back Chains. Melbourne Cool Stores and Ice Works, 517 Flinders Lane, W. Melbourne, Experts in Freezing and Cool Storage, Manufacturers of Pure Crystal Ice. James Buchanan & Co Australian Office: George St., Sydney. Distillers, Scotland "Black and White" Whisky—and very good, too. Carlton and United Breweries Ltd., Melbourne, Brewers, etc. The Famous Foster Lager.

Owen Whittick, Abbott St., Cairns, Q., Boukseller, Stationer, Tobacconist, etc. The centre for View Post Cards etc., of the Cairns District. Tillock A Co., Kent St., Sydney, N.S.W., Manufacturers of the famous Aunt Mary's Baking Powder. Coleman's Mustard, Trufood Powdered Milk. Webster & Co., Ltd., Brisbane, agents. Reckitt (Oversea) Ltd., Bourke and Hill Sts., Redfern, Sydney, N.S.W., Manufacturers of Reckitt's Blue, Zebra Stove Polish, Brasso Metal Polish, Robin Starch, etc.

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A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE. : i1 1 1

I !

29 MM

I I M I I I M I I I I I I II

I I M J M

TOUR a„d TRAVEL TOUR and TRAVEL.

TOUR and TRAVEL.

TOUR and TRAVEL.

IF Y O U C O N T E M P L A T E taking a trip by Sea, on holiday or on business, place Yourselves Entirely in the hands of BURNS, PHILP & COY., Ltd., they can arrange your Passages to Any part of the world by Any line of steamers. They can save you much trouble. Itinerarys arranged, Banking, Letters of Credit provided for Hand Books supplied free on application. Correspondence solicited.

Passengers Booked to England, Continental Ports, America, Canada, & c , &c. We specially recommend the following short Trips:—

To To To To

Norfolk Island Lord Howe Island Java and Singapore Solomon Islands

To Papua (British New Guinea) To Japan and Return via Java To Rabaul (late German New Guinea)

After the War Special Excursions will be arranged to various places of interest in Gallipoli, France, Belgium, etc.

«flOIiIDAY-» J -€RU1SES_ ro PACIFIC ISLES. TO PAPUA & R A B A U L

TO SOLOMON IS TO NEW HEBRIDES

nORFOIK i l

BURNS PH/LP&CO UP Send for Pamphlet.

TO MARSH ALL* TO GILBERT I ?

BURNS, PHILP & COY. LTD. has Branches at the following Australian and Island Ports Adelaide Melbourne Brisbane Bowen

Townsville Cairns Charters T o w e r s Cooktown

IMormanton T h u r s d a y Island Croydon Fremantle

Geraldton Perth Sourabaya Samarang

W e l l i n g t o n , N.Z. Auckland, N.Z. P o r t Moresby Samarai

Rabaul Nukualofa Apia Suva

Levuka Haapai Vila Faisi

Gizo Makambo Butaritari

A Letter addressed to the Manager of any of the above will be promptly attended to.

BURNS, PHILP & COY., LTD. (CAPITAL

£2,000,000)

MERCHANTS, SHIPOWNERS, S H I P P I N G & PASSENGER A G E N T S

Mary St., BRISBANE

Head Office : 10 Bridge Street, S Y D N E Y . I-I I M I I l i l_; I I | | | i j | | I I I I I I.I I I I I I i I i_i | i i n

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30

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

31

The Australian Coastline.

Point Danger, the most eastern point of Australia. O/^lpr^ON^TiE Continent of Australia, including Tasmania, stretches Q^ixjJK^jjS! between 113 deg. E. and 149 deg. E. longitude and 7 f | | i | g ^ ] t S F 1(l ''''-• s - t o ; ! i 'hyS- s - latitude. It is the largest i v ^ y g ^ ^ island in the world, extending West to East 2,400 miles and North to South 2,000 miles, and has an area of over 3,000,000 square miles. The coast of Australia is roughly 10,000 miles in length. Its most northern point of the mainland is Thursday Island in Torres Straits; the most southern of Australia, Wilson's Promontory, in Bass Strait; the most southern of Tasmania, South Cape; the most eastern point is Cape Byron, near the boundary mark of Queensland and New South Wales; the most western B i n t is Steep Point, near Shark Bay, in West Australia. THURSDAY ISLAND TO ROCK-HAMPTON.—There are certain characteristics of the coastline which strike a voyager around Australia and makes it indeed a continent unique and yet closely linked, by association with all portions of the globe. From Thursday Island to Roekhampton on the tropic line of Capricorn, a distance of 1,100 miles, the coastline is a marvellous combination of great bays, rocky headlands and indented shore line which has numerous streams debouching into the sea, some, like the Fitzroy River at Keppel Bay and the Burdekin River near Bowen, draining several thousand square miles of country. Along this section of the coast of Australia stretches, at a distance of from 20 to 200 miles north and south, the great Barrier Reef, that wonderful strip of coral formation, reef, islet and patch, which guards this coast of Queensland from the great Pacific rollers and makes the channel-way to Thursday Island like an Inland sea. This great sea is studded with a wealth of islands which rise, some but awash, others to great altitudes, and others as palm-clad Islet on the quiet blue ocean. ROCKHAMPTON TO SYDNEY.—South from Roekhampton to Sydney the great Pacific rollers hold almost uncontrolled sway, and were it not for the equatorial current whieh sweeps southward along this • s t e r n coast to beyond Tasmania would soon alter the configuration of • e coastline. The influence of this current is noticed in the great sandy islands like Fraser, Moreton and Stradbroke Islands and the barB u n d rivers and sandy coast of Northern New South Wales. From Smoky Cape southward past Newcastle and Sydney to Cape Howe, the southern point of New South Wales, the coast line is more abrupt, the Hawkesbury coal measures coming in close to the sea, which in places as at Newcastle, Sydney, Wollongong and elsewhere, • s undermined and cut out high bluffs which rise sheer from the sea. I On this eastern coast there is a daily inequality of the tides WBich is closely connected with the declination of the moen, on« high

water of each day being generally much higher than the other, and it is a common occurrence to have superior tides at neaps. In the summer months the night tides of the springs are often not so high as the day tides of the neaps, and in winter the reverse is the case. If the Full or New Moon occurs very close to the Moon's Perigee very high tides may be anticipated, in the night time about mid-winter, or in the day time of mid-summer. There is a gradual rise in the tides from Moreton Bay, where it is 7 feel at springs, northward to Broadsound, where sometimes 26 feet is readied. Flat Top Island, Mackay, has a range of 20 feet, Townsville 12 feet, and Cooktown 8 feet. CAPE HOWE TO MELBOURNE AND PORTLAND.—The many currents Which navigators have to contend with from Cape Howe to Melbourne and Portland Bay, and the numerous islands in Bass Straits, are answerable for the various changes apparent on the coastline here and on the Tasmanian coast opposite. Great bluffs, long stretches of sandy beach, quiet coves, and swirling waters are here evidenced, where eastbound currents meet those coming westward through Bass Strait, and, from the Bluff past Wilson's Promontory to Port Philip, on which Melbourne is situated, and on to Portland, we meet a coastline remarkable for its diversity of contour. PORTLAND TO SPENCER'S GULF.—From Portland the land turns northward, mostly a sandy shore line witli rocky bluffs, the Corong beach being upwards of 80 miles long, ending in Lake Alexandria, into which flows that great river of Australia—the Murray. After passing between Kangaroo Island and the mainland at Cape Jervis we enter the Gulf of St. Vincent, a deep 100 mile long indentation into the Continent, on the eastern side of which is Port Adelaide, the chief shipping port of South Australia. Yorke Peninsula comes down on the western side of the Gulf of St. Vincent and separates that Gulf from the much greater one of Spencer's Gulf. This goes northward into South Australia to Port Augusta, and is some 80 miles in width at its widest part. Viewed from the ship's side one would have a poor opinion of this land—sandy, flat, and uninteresting, backed up by distant hills, giving no evidence of the riches which abound on every side, nor of the beauties of this great land of South Australia. THE GREAT AUSTRALIAN BIGHT TO ALBANY.—Leaving Cape Borda Light on Kangaroo Island, to the south we steer S. 86 deg. W., passing the South Neptune Lighthouse, where the course is altered to N. 88 deg. W. and, for 885 miles, we are in the Great Australian Bight, that bete noir to weak travellers, but which generally is a wonderful ocean passage of calm days and pleasant nights. From the entrance of Spencer's Gulf at latitude 35 deg. S. and longitude 136 deg. E., the land curves northward, low-lying country marking the shore almost the whole way. It is broken here and there by small bays and inlets, but how fiat is this country can be recognised by the fact that no stream flows into the Bight for a distance of fully 800 miles, the sandy wastes and the great Nullabar limestone plain, which comes down to the sea margin, absorbing all the water that falls thereon. Sometimes the sandy beach is broken for miles by lonely limestone bluff, at others by small indentation, but until the small cluster of islands of the Recherche Archipelago is reached, little there is to break the monotony of the coast. The coast alters near Israelite Bay, and by when King George's Sound is reached one has become familiar with the hog-backed granite bluffs which come sheer to the sea. King George's Sound is a great land-locked harbour in which fleets may ride safely at anchor. This marks the entrance to a further great harbour, Princess Royal, on which the pretty town of Albany is situated. ALBANY TO FREMANTLE.—The run from Albany to Fremantle is 350 miles, usually covered in 24 hours or less. The course is between Eclipse Island and the main land, round Bald Head, well named, the shore rising by round, sloping shelves of granite on further shoulders to considerable height. It is 21 miles to Torbay Head or. West Cape Howe, the most S. West point of the continent of Australia, a great knoll jutting into the sea, around whose base the surf eternally rolls and breaks in great waves.


32

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

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=^

-___"PkiBi^ W a n d .

The currents along this southern coast are chiefly influenced by prevailing winds. These are strong westerly in the winter months and easterly from January to May. From March to May, and from October to February good conditions generally prevail, although splendid conditions are often between the months of June to September. From West Cape Howe to the White-topped Rocks, on a course N. 80 deg. West is 72 miles and is the home of treacherous currents, which, in winter time, run very strong, a danger area this, for the White-topped Rocks, three in number, lie low in the water, the hfghest but 100 feet, and at the shore side are very' dangerous reefs. Foul seas continue to Gape Leuwin, which is reached at 68 mile.v From Breaksea to the Leuwin are no lights, a work that calls for attention from the authorities, for strong currents, especially during winter months, run all along this 160 miles of coast, foul ground and treacherous reefs; and unprintable epithets are used about this locality. There is no improvement at the Leuwin, where are more strong currents and treacherous seas. It is a most dangerous locality and ships keep an offing of from 10 to 12 miles.

Fremantle is the terminal point of the A.U.S.N. Co.'s vessels. Northward from here the coast is generally interesting, especially in the north west, and lines of steamers regularly trade. The land is generally low-lying along the coast and back therefrom. Occasional headland marks the outcrop of rock and break between two great beaches, but sand dunes predominate. Off Geraldton in latitude 29 deg. are the Abrolhus Islands, with great historical interest, as also Shark Bay further north in latitude 25 deg. with its many islands, curious bays and indentations and long stretch s of sandy beach and hummock. From here to the N.W. Cape, and N.E. as the coast there trends, through the Dampier Archipelago, past the 90-Mile Beach to Broome, there is very little of interest, the shore line consisting merely of sandy dunes and low headlands. The rich pastoral and mining centres lie back of the coast many miles. Near Broome is the Buccaneer Archipelago, marking the rich West Australian pearling grounds, of great value and of some scenic intere t North from here between latitude 16 deg. and 17 deg. is King Sound, a 60-mile indentation which brings one to the Fitzroy River and the small township of Derbyâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the port for a great pastoral area. North again is an interesting coast of deep inlets and majestic islands and i shore line, bold and picturesque, backed by high ranges, scarcely explored. KING SOUND TO DARWIN AND THURSDAY ISLAND.â&#x20AC;&#x201D;The track of the steamer is off from this little known coast line and its treacherous currents, a coastline, nevertheless, of wonderful scenic beauty, rocky bluffs and fiords, islands and sandy bays, its variety and charm vying with that of the Queensland coast. At Cape Londonderry the land turns S.E. to Cambridge Gulf, a wide sea inlet at the mouth of 1 lie Ord River, on which is the small township of Wyndham. Broken bays, low cliffs and headlands and sandy beach continue all the way

Caj^fe'" COOK'S

We are now on a course about N. 30 deg. W. up the coast of West Australia, which is marked by low hills and sandy shore, broken here and there by great headlands, to the east of which are the great karri and jarrah forests of West Australia. The course from the Leuwin brings us among the rocks and shoals of the Geographe reef, a dangerous ledge of rocks, scarcely awash, upon which the sea breaks eternally in giant spray. From here the course is N. 3 deg. E., 66 miles across Geographe Bay to Cape Naturalist, a prominent headland with a most conspicuous sand patch down its seaward face. A magnificent flashing light, visible 30 miles, is stationed here. Geographe Bay is a great indentation eastward. On the south is the busy port of Busselton, while to the north on Koonbanah Bay is Bunbury, the port for timber, and also the Collie coalfield. From Cape Naturalist we steer 80 miles N. 25 deg. E. to Rottnest Island, which lies across the entrance to Swan River, on which is situated the great Fremantle Harbour and the capital city of West Australia, Perth. After steering around this whale-backed island, E., S.E., and South, through a network of reefs and foul ground we steam into the Gage Roads anchorage, and soon are alongside the fine wharves in Fremantle, half an hour's run by rail from Perth. On this western coast it is stated a strong N.W. wind not only drives the surface water from the Indian Ocean on to the land, but also banks up the water from Cape Leuwin, brought by the tide wave along the south coast. The low barometer accompanying the wind, indicating decreased surface pressure, helps to raise the level. Whilst in fine weather, with a steady barometer the tides succeed each other with great regularity, a gale or series of gales upsets them altogether; and during the continuance of the bad weather neither heights nor times can be depended upon. When the weather settles down the tides resume regular sequence.

northward from here to Darwin, the centre of administration of the Northern Territory. The township is built on a high bluff, and Is a centre of much interest as the Administrative Capital. From here right round ithis northern coast to the Gulf of Carpentaria there is little of interest, and few ships traverse this lonely coastline. A few islands, low mangrove flats, and occasional bluff occur along this coast. When one enters the waters of the Gulf of Carpentaria it is into a quiet sea with little to view, although its low mangrove flats and sandy shore mark the boundary of some of the finest pastoral lands of Australia. Buricetown, on the Albert River, is the terminal port of call of the A.U.S.N. Co., the vessel lying away


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

E- RICH & CO- Ltd, MERCHANTS and IMPORTERS

London, Brisbane, and Sydney, Wharf and Adelaide Streets,

BRISBANE.

Large Stocks of Groceries, Wines and Spirits, Drapery, Glassware, Crockery and Ironmongery of all descriptions.

Station Requirements of All Descriptions. AGENCIES: BISQUIT, DUBOUCHE & CO.—BRANDY. GEORGE GOULET'S CHAMPAGNE. W O L F E ' S AROMATIC SCHNAPPS. LAWSON'S GUINNESS' STOUT. YOUNGER'S MONK BRAND ALE. DISTILLERS CO., L T D . — W H I S K I E S — King George IV. Very Old Special. H i g h l a n d Nectar, 20 y e a r s old. " KALUDAH " HUNTER RIVER W I N E S . I.X.L. BRAND TASJMANIAN TINNED FRUITS. I.X.L. BRAND TASMANIAN JAMS. IMPERIAL CORNFLOUR. " QUAKER " ROLLED OATS. HARGREAVES' QUEENSLAND JAMS AND J E L L I E S . CONTINENTAL SALT LICK FOR STOCK—10 a n d 501b. B l o c k s . LIBBY'S CANNED MEATS, SOUPS, &c.

HARGREAVES' CANNED P I N E A P P L E S . " DIMLA," " NAWATTA " and " ALLIANCE " T E A S . CURTIS'S & HARVEYS L T D . — B l a s t i n g P o w d e r , Gelignite, B l a s t i n g G e l a t i n e , E x c e l l i t e , Cheddite, Rippite (the F a v o u r i t e Coal Mine E x p l o s i v e ) , a n d o t h e r High Explosives, D e t o n a t o r s , F u s e a n d F i r i n g B a t t e r i e s , S p o r t i n g P o w d e r and C a r t r i d g e s . FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION OF ALL KINDS. RUBEROID ROOFING. " GORGON " HIGH-CLASS S T E E L BRITISH OVAL F E N C I N G WIRE. KOERSTZ'S " L I T T L E WONDER " AND " SELECTOR " W O O L PRESSES. HUMBLE & SONS' " F E R R I E R " W O O L P R E S S E S . K E M P ' S S H E E P BRANDING LIQUID. " R E S I S T E E L " OVAL BRITISH FENCING W I R E . LITTLE'S SHEEP DIP.


STATISTICS OF THE COMMON STATISTICAL S U M M A R Y F O R T H E COMMONWEALTH—(continued). STATISTICAL SUMMARY FOR THE COMMONWEALTH, 1871-1916. Years.

Years. Heading.

Heading. 1871.

Population

( Male! \ Female!

1

a-h.

... {

DMthB

-

Marriages

Tota

&

{

Rate

{

R

928,918 771.97C 1,700,888 63,625 38.0C 22,175 13,24 11,623 6.94

Agriculture— | Area, acs 1,279,778 W h e a t ... 1 Y l d . , b s h 11,917,741 1 Av. „ 9.31 { Area.acs 225,492 Oats ... Yld.,bsh 4,251,630 I Av. „ 18.85 ( Area, acs 48,164 B a r l e y ... ] Y l d . , b s h 726,158 (Av. „ 15.08 | Ai'ea, a c s 142,078 Maize ... i Y l d . , b s b 4,576,635 1 Av. „ 32.21 ( Area, a c s 303,274 Hay „jYld.,tonB 375,871 (Av. „ 1.24 f Area, acs 67,911 Potatoes1 1 Yld.,tons 212,896 3.13 t Av. „ 11,576 Sn«ar« (Area" aoa176,632 Can" ...j™-'°™ 15.25 16,253 Vineyards fe^j 2,104,000 Total value all agricultural production £ 8,941,000 Pastoral, dairying, etc. | Klieep, N o . 40,072,955 4,277,228 Live J Cattle ,, S t o c k I H o r s e s ,, 701,530 I1'igs 686,017 W o o l p r o d . , l b . g r e a s y 179,000,000 Butter product'n, lbs. Cheese ,, „ Bacon a n d h a m ,, Total estimated value of p a s t o r a l a n d d a i r y i n g p r o d u c t i o n ... £ 20,736,000 Mineral p r o d u c t i o n Gold £ 7,239,106 S i l v e r a n d l e a d ... £ 29,488 Copper £ 824,111 Tin £ 18,597 Zinc £ Coal £ 325,747 T o t a l v a l u e nil m i n e r a l production ... £ 8.484,728 Forestry p r o d u c t i o n Q u a n t i t y of l o c a l t i m ber sawn or hewn s u p . ft. Manufactories—a N o . of f a c t o r i e s Hands employed No. Wages paid ... £ Total vain* c ' o u t p u t s Value added in proc e s s of m a n u f a c . £

1881.

1891.

1901.

1911.

1914.

1,247,059 1,059,677 2,306,736 80,004 35.26 33,327 14.69 17,244 7.60

1,736,617 1,504.368 3.240,985 110,187 34.47 47,430 14.84 23,862 7.47

2.004,836 1,820.077 3,824.013 102,945 27.16 46.330 12.22 27,753 7.32

2,377,920 2,190,767 4,568,707 122,193 27.21 47,869 10.66 39,482 8.79

2,551.431 2,389.521 4.940,952 137.983 28 05 51,720 10.51 43,311 8.80

2,401,064 2,474,261 4,875,325 131.426 26.78 54.197 11.04 40,289 8.21

3,002,064 21,443.862 7.14 194.816 4,795,897 24.62 75,864 1,353,380 17.84 165,777 5,726,266 34.54 768,388 767,194 1.00 76.265 243.216 3.19 19,708 349,627 17.74 14,570 1,488,000

3,335,528 25,676,265 7.70 246,129 6.726.256 23.27 68,068 1,178.560 17.31 284,428 9.261,922 32.56 942,166 1,067,255 1.13 112,884 380,477 3.37 45,444 737,573 16.23 48,882 3,535,000

5,115,965 38,561,619 7.64 461.430 9,789,854 21.22 74,511 1,519,819 20.40 294,849 7,034,786 23.86 1,688,402 2,024,608 1.20 109,685 322,524 2.94 86.950 1,367,802 15.73 63,677 5.816,087

7,427,834 71.636,347 9.64 616,857 9,561,771 15.50 116.466 2,056,836 17.68 340,065 8,939,855 26.29 2,618.288 2,867,973 1.14 130,463 301,489 2.31 101,010 1,682,250 16.65 60,602 4,075,147

9,651,081 11,530,366 24,892,402 152,420,189 2.58 13.22 774,734 844,140 4,341,104 12,963.889 5.60 15.36 153.656 230,253 1.328.910 4,080,492 8.65 17.72 360.027 339,781 8,455,561 8,526,686 24.89 23 68 2,628,613 2.671,201 1,733,944 3.505,924 0.66 1.81 151,845 149,895 372.869 363,002 2.46 2.42 172.616 178.1PO 2,104.239 1,723,072 18.45 21.24 60.985 65,304 2,876.326 5,126,268

15,519,000

16,480,000

23,835,000

38,774,000

36,052.000

60,200,000

65,092,719 106,421,068 72,040,211 93,003,521 78,600,334 76,651,951 8,010,991 11,112,112 8.491,428 11.828,954 11,051,573 10,459,061 1,088,029 1,584,737 1,620,420 2,279,027 2,521,272 2,440,894 703,188 845,888 931.309 1,110,72] 862,447 1,006,780 332,759,000 631,587,000 543,131,661 726,408.625° 642734,725 s 550,604,675" 47.433,564 101,671,066 211,578,745 193,970,412 182.516,307 19,146,929 11,575,692 15.886,712 21,240,411 25.153,633 34,020,629 53,264,652 52,574,902 51,313,620 29,538,000 6,194,390 31,139 673,786 1,145.603 636,746 7,813,523

39,256.000

36,690,000

6,281,861 14,005,732 3,717,825 2,367,687 362,745 2,238,590 560,750 432,576 2,622 4,057 1,908,028 2,602,770 12,093,837

22,043,104

69.832,000 81,827,000 10,551.624 3,021.284 2,564,278 1,209.973 1,415,169 3,929.673

8,729,947 3.818.076 2.349,881 758,431 1,021,090 4,619,689

7,074,673 3,530,078 4,625,363 900,806 962,479 4,118,201

23,480,211 22,264,589

23,567.302

152,131,252 591,645,786 573,366,710

...

15,010 14,455 15,427 316,917 311,760 331,579 27,528,371 34,090,428 33.828,840 133,022,090 166,405,923 172.574,845 64,017,714

66,627,039

67,394.400

1 P a r t l y e s t i m a t e d 1871 a n d 1881. * O w i n g t o v a r i a t i o n i n c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a n d l a c k of s i n f o r m a t i o n e f f e c t i v e c o m p a r i s o n is i m p o s s i b l e . Information not available. * A r e a of productive cane. ° S e a s o n e n d e d 30th J u n e , y e a r f o l l o w i n g . ' Y e a r 1915-16.

1881.

1891.

1901.

1911.

1914.

1916.

2,748 1,312,642

3.284 2,549,364

3,778 4,726,307

4,028 6,541,991

4,174 9,984,801

3,926 10,380,386

2.986 7,694.442

17,017,000 10/3/3 21,725,000 12/19/6 38,742,000 23/2/9

29,067,000 12/16/2 27,528.000 12/2/8 56,595,000 24/18/10

37,711.000 11/16/0 36,043,000 11/5/6 73,754.000 23/1/6

4,809,326 2/2/5

7,440,869 2/6/7

1871.

1916. ShippingOversea vessels f.No. e n t . & cleared Vton. Commerce— Imports oversea £ per h e a d & Exports oversea £ „ per head £ Total oversea trade £ „ per head £ C u s t o m s a n d excise duties £ „ „ per head, £ Principal Oversea Exports—1 Wool | » b s . (greasyj Wheat { Flour

{

b u 8 b e I

|

t o n

|

l b Butter { ^ '.'.kins a n d h i d e s . . . £ Tallow £ Meats £ Timber (undressed) £ Gold £ S i l v e r a n d l e a d ... £ Copper £ Coal £ Govt. Railways— Iigth.oflineopen.mle Capital cost ... £ GrosB r e v e n u e ... £ Working expenses £ P o r c e n t , of w o r k ' g expenses on earuings% PostalLetters and postcards dealt with ...No. ,t p e r h e a d ,, M Newspapers dealt with No. ,, p e r h e a d ,, M Cheque-paying B a n k s Note circulation £ Coin & bullion h e l d f Advances £ Deposits £ Savings Banks— N u m b e r of d e p o s i t o r s T o t a l d e p o s i t s ... £ Aver, p e r d e p o s i t o r £ ,, ,, h e a d of population ... £ State Schools— N u m b e r of s c h o o l s Teachers No. Enrolment ... ,, A v e r , a t t e n d a n c e ..

42,434.000 66,967,488 73.945,664 76,179,639 11/3/11 14/18/3 15/0/8 15/12/6 49,696,000 79,482,258 67,360,588 97,894,140 13/2/2 17/14/1 13/13/10 20/1/7 92,130,000 146,449,746 141,306,252 174,073,770 24/0/1 32/12/4 28/14/6 35/14/1 8,656,530 2/5/8

13,515,005 3/0/2

15.072,689 3/1/4

16.118,920 3/6/0

176.635.820 328,369,169 610,259,753 518,018,134 720,364,903 470,933,213 452,596,450 9.459,629 13,173,026 19,940,029 15,237,454 26,071,193 18,375,303 28,953,338 799.924 5,364,653 9,794,791 20,260,058 55,147.840 52,878,122 55,278,872 1,189,762 1,938.864 2.774,643 9,641,608 9,996,514 13,374,511 193,732 49,549 33,363 96,814 175,891 174,217 290,633 12,988 589,604 1,391,529 1,495,567 3,463,363 519.635 328.423 170,415 1,298,758 4,239.494 34,607,397 101,722,136 56,162,547 75,361,86f; 1.812,688 1,451,168 4,637,362 2,655.372 5.338,848 39,383 206,868 45,813 316,878 873,695 1,250.938 3,227,236 4,146,003 2,273,648 100,123 644,149 571,069 677,746 1,935,836 1,807,466 1,252,266 914,278 460,894 2.611,244 4,303,159 9,088,617 8,861,151! 362,965 566,780 42.586 118,117 38,448 731,301 1,023.960 289,73s6,445,365 5,703,532 14,315,741 12,045,766 2,185.010 7,184,833 57,954 1,932,278 2,250,253 3,212,584 5,000,261-' 37.891 598,538 676,515 417.6S7 1,619,145 2,345,961 4,317,984 361,081 645,972 986,957 900,622 1,061,127 415,56(. 134,355 970 19,269,786 1,102,650 608,332

3.832 42,741,150 3,910,122 2,141,735

55.17

54.77

24,382,000 14.54 3,336,000 7.95

9,541 12,577 16,079 18,327 20,738 99,764,090 123,587,000 152,194,603 179,968,432 205,167.0(!( 8,654,085 11,038,000 17,847,843 21,982,480 22.229,17! 5,630,182 7,149,000 11,054,383 15.060,789 16,249,387 65.06

64; 76

61.94

68.51

73.10

67,640,000 157,297,000 220,853,000 453,885 410 524,482.965 584,148,939 29.61 49.07 58.26 101.08 106.62 119.82 38,063,000 16.66

85,280.000 102.727,000 139,603.510 136,669,530 146.857,674 26.61 27.10 31.09 27.78 30.12

2,456,487 3,978,711 4,417,269 6,168,869 9,108,243 16.712.923 26,039,573 57,732,824 129,741,583 21,856,959 53,849,455 98,345,338 100,713 3,193,285 31/14/2

250,070 7,854,480 31/8/2

1/18/9

3/10/5

2,502 4,641 236,710 137,767

4.494 9.028 432,320 255,143

B 3,406,175 876,428 "287,308 * 244,840 19.737,572 30,024,225 35,137,225 22,854,827 89,167,499 116,769,133 121,292,671 90,965,530 147,103X81 162,586,484 209,292,659

614,741 964,553 15,536,592 30,882,645 25/5/6 32/0/4

1.600,112 59.393.682 37/2/4

2,199.108 86,670.737 39/8/3

2,418,297 96,284,07f 39/16/5

4/18/7

8/3/0

13/8/5

17/11/3

19/12/10

6,231 12,564 561,153 350,773

7,012 14,500 638,478 450,246

8,060 16,971 638,850 463,799

8.732 20,728 713.232 544,230

8,876 23,389 751,126 569,306

ft Australian produce, except gold, which includes re-exports. of Australian notes. 3 Information not available.

"Decreasedue to issue


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

33

out from Hie river mouth, Normanlon, i.'S8 iiiites east, is in a like position. One tide in eacli 24 hours is the rule in the Gulf. From Normanton over an almost invariably placid sea it is 500 miles NN.E. tn Thursday island, where currents, reefs, and shoals, islands and mainland afford a variety of interest and heauty appealing to any traveller. Williin this 10,000 miles o f . c o a s t l i n e are great areas of the richest lands in the world, mines which have produced fahulous wealth, beauties unending, from great plains to snow-capped mountains, tails and streams of marvellous heauty, and a progressive population whoso enterprise is rapidly extending the scope of m a n u facturing Industry In the equal of any country in the world.

Monument to Governor Philp, the first Governor of N.S. Wales.

Historical. USTRALIA is the largest island in the world. Its greatest length, from w e s t to east—that is, from sleep Point, Opposite Dirt Hai'tog's Island. In Port Cartwrighl, is about 2,400 miles; its greatest width, between Cape York on the north and Wlisou's Promontory on the south, is 1.971 miles, its coast line is ahout 7.750 miles in length, and its extent is computed at 2,041,028 square miles, or 1,884,501,920 acres, and this is not including Tasmania.

A

these shuw no more prominently than in the great facility of travel and the splendid accommodation provided on the coastal steamers of the continent. With Governor 1 Philip in January, 1788, came eleven vessels. Their total tonnage was little more than that of the A.U.S.N. Co.'s " Wynndra." 1,058 Um«: To-day Sydney ah no registers an annual tnnnagc of 10,000,000. One thousand persons landed in Sydney Cove fivm the lirst fleet. Tl stimated population of New Soutli Wale= is 1,870,000, Victoria 1,100,000, South Australia 433,000, Queensland 077,700, Tasmania 198,000, and the Commonwealth population, ineluding the Federal Territories, is estimated at 4,907,000. In 1788, and fur many years after, barter w a s the chief medium of exchange. The financial position of the people of Australia is now given as follows:— Money in Australia'. Deposits in Joint Stock Banks . . . Deposits in Savings Banks Deposits in Commonwealth Bank

Gold By By By

Coins held by- Banks . . . . Commonwealth T r e a s u r y Commonwealth Bank . . . the Public (estimate) . .

June, 1914.

Sept., 1917.

£151,600,000 79,700,000 9,200,000

£107,800,000 97,200,000 37,000,000

£213,500,000

£302,000,000

£30,000.000 4,100,000 11,500,000

£21.100,000 18,000,000 1.6 bO.OOO nil

£5 1,200,000 ,

£11,000,000

2,000.0(1(1

The Australian note issue increased during the same period from 10 millions to 50 millions. There are ohscure references to this great island continent of Australia hack to Ptolomy's time, but light upon its magnitude w a s not thrown until early in the 17th century. After Torres, coming by way of the New Hebrides, sailed through the straits n o w bearing his name in 1000, there w a s a succession of voyagers into these w a t e r s . The Duyphen in the same year sailed into the Gulf of Carpentaria, Captain E. Pool in 1G:SG into the same waters, Pelsart on the w e s t e r n side in 1629, Tasman in 1642-4 explored the w e s t coast and south a s far as Tasmania, Dampier in 1088 and 1699, and Planing in 1G95. But their r e p o r t s gave no idea of the wealth or possibilities of these lands, rather the reverse, and it was not until the closing years of the 18th century, w h e n in 1770, Captain Cook, on his first voyage of discovery, raised the British Flag, and by the establishment of the first settlement a t Sydney by Governor Philip, that Australian history commenced and the development of its resources began.

So one could go on to wearying iteration of item after item, all showing the wonderful p r o g r e s s of this great Commonwealth.

O o utK Head— W h a t (his p r o g r e s s has been can be judged by the growth of population, the wealth of its banking, its imports and exports, b u t


u

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.


QUEENSLAND. THE MOST RESOURCEFUL OF THE AUSTRALIAN STATES. UEENSLAND, the great North-eastern slate of the Commonwealth of Australia, is an enormous territory, possessing well night inexhaustible resources in its soils, pasturage, minerals, and timber. It is a country of many climates, with scenery that is unequalled elsewhere, and with natural wealth that as yet has been scarcely tapped. It is situated in the north-east corner of the i>Iand-continent of Australia, between latitude 28 degrees and t) degrees south, and longitude 153J degrees and 138 degrees east, and possesses a coast line of between 2,000 and 3,000 miles, along which are many splendid harbours. AREA.—The area of Queensland is 429,120,000 acres, or 070,500 square miles. It is live and one-half times more extensive than Great Britain and Ireland, more than three times the size of France, and exceeds the area of any country in Europe, except Russia. POPULATION.—The popoulatfoB of Queensland as shown by 1916 statistics was 669,461 persons, or less than one person In every square mile of territory. There is room and opportunity for a population of 50,000,000, and yet this vast territory, with much of its wealth undiscovered, lias only a population of 669,467 persons. Besides, it has one of the healthiest climates in the world, the death rate being only 11.09 per 1,000. SOILS.—The soils in Queensland are largely volcanic, and naturally vary with the locality. All the northern and eastern scrub lands are intensely fertile, with volvanic and vegetable mould. The DARLING DOWNS, in Southern Queensland, contain 4,000,000 acres of magnificent black soil, principally decoiwposed basalt. Further west the soil becomes lighter, and is more suited for wheat-growing and vines. The PEAK DOWNS district, in Central Queensland, is every hit as good as the Darling Downs, while along the coast .there are wonderfully rich lands suitable for sugar-growing, general agriculture, fruit-growing or dairying. On the tableland behind Cairns in Northern Queensland is the famous ATHERTON SCRUB, land which, for richness of soil and regularity of rainfall, is unsurpassed anywhere in the Commonwealth. INDUSTRIES.—The industries of Queensland have developed in a marked degree during the past few years. The principal industry is the pastoral industry, which contributes nearly half of all the exports of home production. Of this half, by far the largest proportion is represented by sheep and wool. A few figures with regard to it will convey some idea of its immense importance to the State. SHEEP.—The number of sheep in Queensland, according to official returns 1915, was 15,524,293. In 1902 the number was only 7.213,985, so that in fourteen years, the increase has been 8,310,308. The total quantity of wool produced in 1910 was 102,220,125 lbs., having an export value of £4,898,000. Most of the sheep in Queensland are merino, or fine-woolled sheep. CATTLE.—At the end of 1916 there were 4,765,657 cattle in Queensland, an increase of 2,222,186 since 1902. Cattle stall' ns exist in all parts of the State, but the largest are to be found on the coast and in the north in the Gulf country. There are nine stations controlled by the State. HORSES.—There were 697.517 horses in Queensland at the end of 1910. an increase of 298.395 since 1902. Queensland !n»rses arc much songhl after by Indian buyers, and a largo export trade is done with India. Java, Japan, China and the East generally. SUGAR.—One if the most important industries in Queensland is the sugar industry. In 1917 there were 1.579.51! tons of sugar cane harvested, giving a return of 176.973 tons nf sugar valued at £3,716,433. The sugar cane is cultivated ali along the eastern coastal lands, from Mossrnan in the North to the border of New South Wales in the South.

DAIRYING.—Queensland bids fair to be one of the greatest dairying countries in the world. The progress of this industry during the last few years is wonderful. The quantity of mill; obtained in 1917 was 80,938,380 gallons. There were 18,410 farmers engaged in dairying. 50 butter factories in operation, 67 factories engaged in the manufacture of cheese, and 4 in the manufacture of condensed milk. PUTTER;—There were 28,907,279 lbs. of butter manufactured in 19 10. The quantity of butter exported oversea during 1915-16 was 2.35.1.989 lbs., valued at £136,232, an average of 1/23 Per lb. Queensland butter is now in the front rank witli regard tu quality, and therefore commands top price in the home markets. This is no doubt due to the stringent enforcement of the system nf Government inspection and grading rendered obligatory by the Dairy Act. CHEESE.—The quantity of cheese manufactured in 1916 totalled 8,495,825 lbs., valued at £309,744. Only 60,160 lbs, valued at £2,750, were exported oversea in 1915-10. (Note.— Prior lo the outbreak of the war over 50 per cent, of the production of butter and cheese was exported oversea every yoar.) C O N D E N S E D MILK.—In 1910, 6,584,272 lbs. of condensed milk, valued at £175.902, w-ero manufactured. PIG RAISING.—The quantity of bacon and hams manufactured in 1910 by eight factories totalled 10,427,649 lbs., valued at £657,082. The total number of pigs in the State in 1910 was 129,733. FRUIT' GROWING.—Queensland is also a great fruit-pro ilueing country. It can produce all the cultivated fruits of the world. This may sound a strong assertion, but a country containing 429,120,000 acres has necessarily an immense range of soil and climate. Besides the primary industries above-mentioned, there are also the important industries of mining and timber-getting, both of which are making rapid progress in this young State of Queensland. Queensland offers many attractions to the scientist, invest m-, tourist, and intending settler from over the sea. The climate is delightful, the heat of summer being tempered by cool nights, especially on the higher tablelands. There is no severe winter to contend with. Snow is almost unknown; and, although frosts occur at nights during the winter months, the days are bright and genial. Queensland is a new country of which much has been written, but of which much more still remains to be written. The diversities of its resourcefulness and attractiveness are so manifold that one could rhapsodize on almost any of its main lopics. still the best advice to be given the reader is to take a trip to lliis wonderful country and to see for yourself the Great North-eastern Stale nf Australia, the QUEEN STATE OF THE COMMONWEATH.

Hereford Cattle on Coochin Coochin Station, near Boonah, South Queensland.


36

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

IN QUEENSLAND There is Room for you and Opportunity for you.

The most resourceful of the Australian States. Climate Healthy a n d Delightful

L I B E R A L LAND LAWS.

-*g$ÂŁH-

Land Settlement. An area of (170,500 square iiiile>. equal to lay, riu.ooo acres, of which only 1,077,340 are under cultivate n, offer a. magnificent field to men attracted by Hie lure, of prospective wealth in iji nsland's great primary industries, comprising cattle tearing, sheep breeding, sugarcane cultivation, fruitgrowing, dairying, general and mixed fanning ami tropical agriculture. No1 paralleled by any other country in '!;.: world are the generous terms and conditions offered to the farmer, pastoralist, dairyman and orchard!st on the vast areas of ever-available Grown Lands, a Directory of which is issued periodic lily and may be obtained for the asking. Typical

Sheep

Scene, Hughenden

District, West

Queensland.

Land for Discharged Soldiers. Undo!- the provisions of " The Discharged Soldiers'.' Settlement Act of 1917," large areas of land have been s.-l aside for the settlement of Returned Discharged Members of the Australian imperial Forces at Beerburrum, North Coast Railway: Pikedale, Slanthorpe District; Cecil Plains Repurchased Estate, Darling Downs; Mount Hut ton Resumption, Maranoa District, West Queensland; Oswald's Track, Innislail District, Narth Queensland; and other parts of Hie Slate. Further large areas will be made available from lime to time on the easiest of terms. The tenure is perpetual leasehold with persi nal residence conditions. Advances by the State Government will be made to Discharged Soldiers in order to enable them to erect dwellings, to effect other improvem e n t on the land, and to purchase stock, machinery, implements, etc.

Returned Soldier's Farm Homestead, B e e r b u r r u m , North Coast Line, South Queensland.

For further detailed information and descriptive literature, write t

The Queensland Government Intelligence and Tourist Bureau, Sydney Office:

279 GEORGE STREET

BRISBANE.

T . C. T R O E D S O N ,

Director.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

45

BRISBANE TO MARYBOROUGH. Ltd., and Hyue <&. Sons, Ltd., sawmillers, and Jas. Fairlie & Sons, Sash and Door "Works, Maryborough, draw large supplies of magnificent timber, including cypress and kauri pine, tallow-wood, blackbutt, turpentine, etc. Crossing Wide Bay bar, between Inskip and Hood Points, Ike vessel enters Sandy Strait, which is like a great river between Fraser Island and the main land, and is noted for its oyster beds, the oysters from which are shipped to various ports. The Straits also teem with fish of all kinds. Low-lying mangrove shore is with us for the 28 miles to the well named White Cliffs, the entrance to the Mary River. Slowly the man-

Redcliffe Point, Morton Bay, where the first settlement was made in 1826.

/

T

HE sua Journey by steamer from Brisbane to the important town of Maryborough, on tlie Mary River, is 100 miles, and has much of interest the whole distance. Passing down the Brisbane River, with its many fine reaches, a course is steered northward loross Moreton Bay from the Pile Lightâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;a skeleton iron structure vliicli marks the entrance to the river, and which is a guiding light |u the channels. To the east is Moreton Island, the sand, of which [he island is chiefly composed, showing in great splashes down the illsides. To the west is the low mangrove shore with the distant b'Aguilar Range. Further alt iiu the bay is Sandgate, a marine resort )f some size. Shortly after that comes Redcliffe, where was the first lettlement in Queensland in 182G, and then we pass Bribie Island. Prom here, looking over the mainland, can be seen rising abruptly to he skies those queer-shaped peaks known as the Glass House Mountains. If it be early morning their curious peaks show out sharply kgainst the scrub-covered Blackall Range, which rises to an altitude of from 1,200 to 2,000 feet. Further north is the marine resort of <oosa with its great sweep of sandy bays to south and north. Low-lying shore keeps with us until Great Sandy and Fraser Island comes into view. This island stretches northward, opposite the entrance to the Mary River, from Double Island Point on the soutii of the island to Breaksea Spit on the north, the latter being a dangerous shoal which runs some 19 miles to the north. The island, which consists almost entirely of sand, with hills rising to 800 feet, is about 68 |niles long, by 14 miles across in its widest part. The early history of this part of the coast opens with the tragedy .if the wreck of the " Stirling Castle " in 1839, and the murder of the fcrew. The only person who ultimately escaped to civilisation was the laptain's wiTe. The blacks in this locality, 60 years ago, were very tumorous and treacherous, numbering on the island some 8,000. A femnant only of the old tribes now exists. The island is noted for its' reat timber resources, from which firms, such as Wilson, Hart & Co.,

Caloundra Lighthouse and Seacoast North of Brisbane. grove banks give way to scrub and forest, and again to a wealth of sugar cane. Beautiful is the river scenery the whole way, the banks revealing the rich soil for which this district is noted, while, far away, over upland and dale, can be seen the distant ranges which, at the setting of the sun, are lit up with most glorious tints.

A.U.S.N. Co.'s Tug " Cooringa," towing the s.s. " Wyreema.

A sharp bend in the river, and the great sawmills of Wilson, Hart & Co. are passed on a steep bank, and the town of Maryborough is seen, spreading back from the river side for a considerable distance. We draw up at the A.U.S.N. Co.'s wharf, just past the pretty river-, side public gardens, and below the big mills of Hyne & Sons, saw-: millers, etc., near the fine bridge which stretches across the stream.


46

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Wilson, Hart & Co., Ltd., Sawmills, Maryborough, Queensland. These Works were established in I860 and are now one of the largest and most comprehensive of their kind in Australia, and replete with the most modern machinery for sawing and dressing timber. Some 90 to 100 men are employed at Works, and a large number of teamsters, etc., are engaged in the bush cutting and hauling log timber supplies, and with other men engaged at Northern Branches and Sydney, this firm alone provides work for from 450 to 500 men. Local timbers only are dealt in, and the greater proportion cut is shipped in Arms' own vessels to Rockhampton, Mackay and Townsville where branch yards are established. A considerable business, too, is maintained as far South as Melbourne and Adelaide, chiefly in furniture timbers. Photos show Works, and timber areas on Fraser Island, where most of the hardwood supplies are procured.

WILSON, HART & CO., LIMITED,

Sawmillers and Timber Merchants, Seasoned Stocks of Rough and Dressed Pine.

Suppliers of air kinds of Building Timber.

Cases and Case Timber.

Branches at ROCKHAMPTON, MACKAY and TOWNSVILLE.

Timber-getting, Fraser Island.

@

PROMPT DELIVERY.

MARYBOROUGH.


47

A.U.S.N. Co.s GUIDE.

Urangan Pier, Maryborough.

[Photo: Strong, Maryborough.

MARYBOROUGH. MARYBOROUGH (25hT. 32min. i2scc. S. I.at., i.V'hr. 42min. ifl c. K. Lung.,; is about 20 miles from Hie river's mouth, and is a must arming town. It is well laid cut, with every public convenience at did, ami is surrounded by a district of huge extent and amongst the iiest in Australia. The community is progressive, and while the esenl prospect of the town is bright, its future is one of the most sored in the continent. Included in the public buildings are a magnificent Town Hall, the ft of a one-time resident, a splendid School of Arts, with a fine 'raryj reading-room, and museum, a technical college, hospital, and |vo grammar schools (boys and girls), set in most picturesque ounds, and holding high rank in the scholastic world. Racing, wing, swimming, golf, tennis, and bowling clubs are well supported, id there are many lodges and societies. Maryborough is noted for ' churches, whjch are handsome structures, and well attended. The wii is a great centre of industry. Its products are seen in every rt in Australia, and Maryborough manufacturers have the highest ime for quality of workmanship, whether it be broom handles, joinery. oves, or magnificent locomotives, which can be seen by hundreds en • various railway lines in Australia. This important town is the centre of a great railway system. The es pierce the country in every direction, and a visitor could nut do tier than journey through this delectable land. The district on the ast side is known as Wide Bay. in which are great areas of sugar, neral farming and dairying lands. Interspersed are a number of uing districts. The most important of mining towns is the Gympie Idfteld, CO miles south, which, since its discovery, in 1868, lias t'lded over £10,000,000 of gold. In addition to a number of goldning centres there are rich deposits of bismuth, antimony, cinnabar, n, cobalt, copper, manganese, etc. The coal mining industry is a great factor in the progress of the >vn. The Burrum coal measures, wide in extent and of high-quality il, sweep from the coast near Urangan, the deep water port of Maryough, to near the town, and then northward to the Burrum, where f many years thousands of tons of coal have been mined. Sugar is important industry, and in the crushing season (June to December) sight is among the most interesting in Queensland. The sugar"wing districts are Mt. Bauple. 30 miles south, the Isis district, 40 les N'.W., where there is the largest sugar mill in the Commonwealth, d an area of 14,000 acres under cane, and along the Pialba line tween Maryborough and the coast. Further west lie rich agricultural '1 grazing lands, with herds aggregating 300.000 head of cattle, and

Hie mining areas of the Burnett BJver Watershed traversed by the railway lines to (layndah and Mundubbera, and also the Nanango line, offering, with the Wide Bay district, the brightest possibilities for settlers. Nearer the town are excellent orchards well Worth visiting, such as those at Tinana Creek, where are great orangeries, Melrose, Owanyilla, etc., on the Gyrapie Hoad, and the well-known Burrum and Howard orange groves on the North O a s t Line. An excellent drive is from,Maryborough to Boonooroo, and the mouth of Tinana Greek on Sandy Strait about 15 miles. Here sailing

General View of Maryborough. boats may be hired, and excellent fishing, shooting, and bathing are to be had along this stretch of coast line. un the north side of the river, connected by rail with Maryborough, is the pretty seaside resort of Pialba, which is visited each summer by thousands of persons, the swimming, boating, and fishing obtainable being of the best. Near hero also is- Port Maryborough, at Urangan Point, to the north of the entrance to the Mary River. Here a great jetty extends out into Hervey Bay, a distance of half a mile,, with berthage accommodati n of over GOO feet for vessels of almost any draught, the channel-way being some 400 feet wide. The cost of these improvements ti tals £50,000, and the port is connected by railway line with Maryborough and the whole of the Wide Bay and Burnett districts.

Views at Maryborough.


48

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

ESTABLISHED 1875.

HYNE & SON, SAWMILIERS and... TIMBER MERCHANTS The Largest and Most Up-to-date Plant in the State

NATIONAL SAW AND

PLANING MILLS

Timber Yards: Bolsover Street, ROCKHAMPTON Flinders Lane, TOWNSVILLE. L Exporters: Sawn and Dressed Hoop Pine; also Fruit and Butter Boxes, Etc, Etc.

Proprietors s.s. 'HOPEWELL.' VIEW OF SAWMILLS, MARYBOROUGH.


49

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

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S>^a ••••••H

Sugar Mill, Isis District, Maryborough.


50

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji. BUSINESS F I R M S .

THE ALBION STOVE & ENGINEERING WORKS (Hockleys Ltd.) is situated in Kent Street West, about a mile from the centre of the lawn, and is one of the busiest factories in Maryborough. The works cover over two acres, and upwards of 100 hands are employed. The chief manufactures are stoves of all sizes, and for every purpose. The registered .trade mark is " Albion," now well known throughout Australia. Stoves made are "Ideal," " Miulga," "Improved Beacon Light," "Dover," " Criterion," " J o h n Bull," etc. Here are to be seen highclass cooking stoves, camp ovens, heating stoves, Yorkshire ovens, and boiler stands (10 to 20 galls.) in hundreds. The great moulding shop is a busy place, where can be seen the various processes which go to make up the firm's output, which, in addition to stoves—their great asset—includes horse gears, chaffcutters, corn huskers and shellers, plough wheels, single and double purchase winches, and fifty other items of small foundry work, for which these works are specially equipped. This can be noticed in the pattern shop where are stored thousands of patterns for every conceivable form of iron work. The iron chiefly used is from Lithgow (N.S.W.), for which the highest praise is given. Great cupola furnaces and reverberatory furnaces for special castings are installed, and every equipment is at hand to insure proennt and efficient workmanship. Albion goods are regularly shipped to every port in Australia, even so far round as Fremantle and Perth (W.A.), and every satisfaction is credited to this firm for high-class work. WILSON, HART & CO., LTD., Maryborough Sawmills, are among the foremost sawmillers and timber merchants in Australia. Standing on the left bank of the Mary River, in an elevated position just below the Botanic Gardens and Government Wbarves, the mills and yards form one of the most prominent features of Maryborough, and visitors approaching the town by the river have their attention drawn immediately to this busy hive of industry. The first mills were erected at Glanville, on the right bank of the river, in 1866, but a disastrous fire in 1881 swept all away, and the new site was chosen in this commanding position. The best plant obtainable was installed, which has been added to, and improved year by year, until it has become one of the mest complete and up-to-date mills in Queensland. A branch railway line runs along the front of the works and gives them direct communication with all the inland timber country, while the firm's

own ships and tram lines give them undisturbed connection with the timber areas, while on Frazer Island at the mouth of the Mary River. A visit to these mills is of great interest, replete as the works are with every modern appliance of wood-working and the many interesting operations they perform. The giants of the forest are here speedily reduced to size and shape for building operations, house furnishings, cabinet, frelsarw work, butter boxes and other wood-work, down to the domestic broom handle, of which thousands are manufactured by special machinery. Extensive timber yards are adjacent to the mill, and near by are the hot-air drying kilns of the latest improved design. This ensures a supply of well-seasoned timber at any time. The pine mill and hardwood mill adjoin, and from them enormous quantities of timber are shipped annually. Ninety mill hands are employed, but, together with timber men, there are over 200 employees in the service of the firm, while the trade extends to all parts and wherever Queensland timbers are used. 1IYNE & SONS, Sawmillers and Timber Merchants, National Sawmills, Maryborough, is a firm which has always stood in the forefront of the timber milling industry in Queensland. Pioneers in the trade, when extensive forests of pine, cedar, beech, and hardwoods were in close proximity to Maryborough, they have always advanced witli upto-date methods to meet the increasing cost of production, and now have a plant of the highest grade for their operations. The mill is situated at the eastern end of Kent Street, fronting the river, where is ample wharf accommodation for the firm's ships. Inside the mill, the machinery that has been installed is the perfection of self-acting plant. The three Babcock-Wilcox boilers are heated by sawdust and waste, which is mechanically stoked, waste timber being transferred by carrier to the heap. Breakdown and boarding frames, planing machines and rack benches are all equipped with labour-saving appliances, and the work goes through with an ease and comfort unsurpassed. The box-making plant is one of the most complete possible, and in every way the National Sawmills. Maryborough, is an up-to-date establishment. Of particular interest are the timber-drying sheds, where thousands of feet of timber are regularly maturing in specially built sheds, moveable roofs being used throughout, thus ensuring a perfect result. The area occupied by the works is 12 acres, and 140 men are given employment The forests on Frazer Island, from whence Messrs. Hyne & Sons draw large quantities of timber, is of special interest, where a large number of men are employed.

J. E. B r o w n ®> S o n s Ltd. (Established Over Half a Century),

Importers, Wine and Spirit and General Merchants M A R Y B O R O U G H , Q—-»Cable Address: " BROWN," Maryborough.

A.B.C. Code 5th Edition Private Codes.

AGENCIES CHARLES HEIDS1ECK CHAMPAGNE. GREENLEES BROS., LONDON, CLAYMORE WHISKY. JOHNNIE WALKER WHISKY. READ BROS. LTD., LONDON. " DOG'S HEAD " ALE AND STOUT. HENRY W H I T E & CO., LONDON—RUM. RESCH'S BREWERY, SYDNEY.

ABBOTSFORD BREWERY, MELBOURNE. CASTLEMAINE BREWERY, BRISBANE. PELLISSON BRANDY. CHAMPAGNE VINEYARD PTY. CO.'S BRANDY. HENKES' GIN AND SCHNAPPS. GUARDIAN ASSURANCE CO. LTD.

CORRESPONDENCE INVITED.

Etc.,

Etc.,

Etc.


51

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

•BUNDABERG BREWERY" EAST BUNDABERG, QUEENSLAND. Water drawn from a Special deep Well Bore adjoining the . • Brewery, and is :: then treated :: through a special Filteration Plant :: before being :: used.

The Fermenting and Bottling Cellars are models of.. Up-to-date Equipment and Cleanliness.

STEINDL'S BOTTLED

ALE, BITTER AND STOUT

ALE

Made from the Finest Selected Malt and Hops.

GUARANTEED PURE AND WHOLESOME. 0. R. STEINDL

Manager


52

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

WYPER BROS. LTD.

â&#x20AC;˘

WHOLESALE and RETAIL IRONMONGERS and IRON MERCHANTS, MANUFACTURING PLUMBERS, TINSMITHS, and IRONWORKERS.

-

MANUFACTURERS OF FURNITURE, BEDDING, 4c.

Importers of Bar and Corrugated Iron, Fencing Wire, Agricultural Implements, Engineers and Plumbers Brassware, Tubes and Fittings, Belting, &c. Tools for all Trades. Builders' Hardware, Paints and Colours, Oils, Lubricating, &c. Cutlery, E.P. Ware, Linoleums, Tickings, Kapoc.

BOURBON and QUAY STS-, BUNDABERG.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

53

BUNDABERG. ROM the mouth of the Mary River the course is X N.-East between the mainland and Woody Island, into Hervey Bay, at the n o r t h ern end of which is the mouth of the Burnett River, on which Bundaberg is situated. West from the river's mouth is Breaksea Spit, the northern point of Great Sandy Island—a 20-mile stretch of sand lying nir'.hwards and a dangerous place in bad weather, though a lighthouse on Sandy Cape with a white revolving light visible 27 miles tonus a priitertion to shipping. N. N.-W. from here, about 50 miles, is tin' light i n lonely Lady Elliott Island, a white Hash visible 12 miles. In I!iis vicinity some remarkable subsidences of the ocean Moor havelieen observed from time tn time. Surveys made in 1869 proved the accuracy of Captain limit's soundings, charted nearly 100 years p r e viously, lint in lUO-i. when tlie steamer " I r i s " was sent to repair the cable, which goes from the Burnett Heads li New Caledonia, a vast submarine subsidence was discovered in the locality of the " Spit," where previously 7 to 12 fathoms had been recorded.

F

I A white fixed light, visible 10 miles distant, marks the entrance lo the Burnett River, and soon the steamer is travelling between banks of rich loamy soil covered with miles of sugar cane, whose flaxen tops at tasseiling time make a charming picture, then on past busy mills, and the great refinery and distillers at Millaquin to Hie A.U.S.V Wharf close to the town, which lies in the ceptre of great beauty, 10 miles from the moulh of the river. I Bundaberg is undoubtedly a show place of Queensland. Splonmdly laid out on a picturesque river, the centre of a district of the highest fertility, and populated with a home-loving and progressive people, it has a charm that few towns in Australia can equal. | North and west, and east to the coast, stretch miles upon miles of sugar fields, the great product of Hie district, with here and there sugar mills dotting the landscape—all centres of great activity in the sugar season, which interesting time is from June to December of each year. The chief mills are Millaquin, crushing and refining mill. 2 miles distant from the P o s t Office: Fairymead, G miles from Bundaberg on Hie north side of the river; and Bingera, on the Mt. P e r r y line, 11 miles from town. At all of the mills every courtesy will be shown a visitor desirous of inspecting the interesting process of sugar m a n u facture. From the cutting of the cane to its passage through the great crushing rollers, and from the treatment, of the juice—its clarifying and boiling—to the process in which the white granular s w e e t i.ess comes fn m the centrifugals, not an item ought to be missed in this fascinating purview. In addition to the great areas of sugar lands in the vicinity. Bundaberg has much trade with the Isis sugar district, whence a great quantity of cane is railed, to be crushed at Millaquin. Fairymead. etc.. for treatment at the refinery. A splendid view of the district can be obtained from the well-named " Hummnck." which eminence gives a view of great fields of cane, of the town and river,

A.U.S.N. Co.'s New Offices, Bundaberg. and a s t r e t c h of coast for miles. A branch railway line runs from the North Coast Line through these lands to the sea coast w h e r e good hotel accommodation is obtainable. The Burnett River, on which Bundaberg is situated, is in length seme 200 miles, ami drains with its tributaries about 13,400 s q u a r e miles of most interesting and valuable country, agricultural, pastoral and mining of the highest pr dueiivily. Good boating and fishing is available close to the t w n , while further afield there is excellent shooting. The town itself has all the advantages of u p - t o - d a t e p r o g r e s s . The s t r e e l s are wide, clean thoroughfares. Tree-planting has been

Bourbon Street, Bundaberg.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

54

W. E. CURTIS & COY. LTD. (F. A. CASTLE)

(R. G. CURTIS)

QUEENSLAND.

BUNDABERG

Sale Yards at Rear and Bourbon St.

Established 1881.

AUCTIONEERS,

VALUATORS, LAND, SHIPPING, CUSTOMS, FINANCIAL, STOCK, INSURANCE AND GENERAL SHIPPING AGENTS. AGENCIES :

New Zealand Insurance Company, Ltd.—Fire, Marine Accident, and Live Stock. Wright, Heaton & Co., Forwarding Agents, etc. Queensland Trustees Limited. " Lloyd's " Agency.

Liverpool Underwriters Association. Farming Implements of all description. Orient Pacific Line of Steamers. Hall-Gibbs Mercantile Agency.

TO LAND BUYERS AND LAND SELLERS.—We devote special attention to land transactions. It is a recognised fact that mos.t of the important Land Sales have been effected by us. Our long connection with the district places us in the best position to advise you. VALUATIONS are a special feature in our business. Valuators for the Queensland Trustees Limited, and two leading Banks. LIVE STOCK—Sales conducted at our own yards-, or elsewhere if desired. SHIPPING AND CUSTOMS—25 years' experience in this department. FURNITURE SALES conducted either at the rooms or at the premises of the owner. Most of the principal sales have been conducted by us. Account sales rendered promptly. LOANS—Money always to lend on approved Freehold Security. RENTS COLECTED, ESTATES MANAGED—Agents for most local absentees.. We have acted as attorneys for nearly all local persons who have gone on tour. REFERENCE, if necessary, to the Bank of N.S.W., Bundaberg. WE HAVE FOR SALE—Allotments from £5; Central allotments from £73; Houses from £60; Suburban land from 9s. per acre; Farms from £1 per acre; Cane Farms from £5 per acre; Dairying and Grazing Areas from 10s. per acre. WEEKLY SALES OF PRODUCE, FRUIT, POULTRY, &c. CONSIGNMENTS RECEIVED AND RETURNS PROMPTLY RENDERED. CORRESPONDENCE PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.

W. E. CURTIS and COMPANY, LIMITED.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

THE BOWLING GREEN, BUSBARE/TO. o.

The Bowling Green, Bundaberg. |arried out on a large scale, adding much to the beauty of the town. water is laid on in abundance, while gas and electricity is everywhere Ivailablc. Among its public buildings may be mentioned a fine Post and Telegraph Ofllce, Court House, Lands Office, a splendidly laid-out and w e l l supported Hospital, School of Arts, with a library of over 6,000 Holumes, some fine schools, including a high school, and several |rivate schools, and excellent churches of the principal denominations, industries the town and district are well served. In addition to the Jigar mills, there are two distilleries, a splendid foundry, a fine brewengineering works, sawmills, etc. BUSINESS FIRMS. Special mention may well be made of the following firms which AM much in the progress of this great centre:â&#x20AC;&#x201D; WYPER BROS., Ironmongers, Cabinet Makers, Oil and Colour lerchants, Agricultural and General Implement Importers and ManuIcturers, have large premises which run right through from Bourbon meet to Quay Street. In this establishment can be procured jything in general ironmongery, house furnishing, cabinet work, upllstery, plumbing, tinsmithing, and farm implements; in fact, the "ping " Anything from a needle to an anchor" almost holds good Ire. The firm's agencies are many, and include Crossley's Suction lis Plant, Southern Cross Windmills, " Briton " Oil Engines, and the best American Agricultural Implements. A most up-to-date plant is installed for the stamping and pressing of patent and other cans of all sizes, the output of which for all purposes amounts to thousands each month. The firm of Wyper Bros, was commenced in 1888 by the purchase of the old-established business of Fleming Bros. This was followed later by that of G. P. Davis, and then of the well-known firm I Wooley, Bergin & Co., and the business has extended to such a ?ree that it is now one of the foremost in Queensland. W. E. CURTIS & CO., Land and General Agents and Auctioneers, Indaberg, is a firm which -undertakes any commercial matter rep i n g local and personal knowledge. Its chief business is land,

55

estate valuators, shipping and custom agents, and, having been established in Bundaberg since the early days of the town, and connected with every land transaction of note, and numerous commercial arrangements, it is a firm to be thoroughly relied upon in all matters requiring advice or action. The firm was established in 1881 by the late \fr. W. E. Curtis, then one of the most active and progressive citizens of this town. Upon his death, the business was continued by his son, Mr. R. G. Curtis, and Mr. F. A. Castle under the old name. Both these gentlemen have been intimate with the business for years, and their special training has given them a commanding position in connection with the matters undertaken by the firm. The agencies include NewZealand Insurance Co., Wright, Heaton & Co., forwarding agents, Queensland Trustees, " Lloyds," London, Liverpool Underwriters Association, Orient S.S. Co., Ltd., etc. A reliable firm and always willing to extend its business. STEINDL'S BREWERY is in East Bundaberg, and is one of the best-equipped breweries in Australia. Commenced in 1884 by Mr. Gustav Steindl, a most efficient brewer, it was established in its present position in 1889. Since then various improvements have been introduced and lately its plant has been extended to give a 400,000-gallon output. The water is drawn from a specially deep well br.re adjoining the brewery, and is taken to a special Alteration plant before use. The fermenting and bottling cellars are models of up-to-date equipment and cleanliness, and the latest appliances are at hand fur bottling, labelling and transport. The output has grown enormously, and the name of the brewery's draught and bottled ale and stout stands among the highest. The operations are in charge of the three sons of the founder, Mr. 0. R. Steindl being the manager. Since 1903, Mr. J. M. Steindl has been brewer, and Mr. Gustav Steindl office manager and accountant.

Targo Street, Bundaberg. THE GRAND HOTEL, Bundaberg, is in the centre of the town. Its ,40 bedrooms are models of comfort, and a splendid table is kept. The hotel is eleckrie lighted throughout. Being a Commercial Travellers' House, it is provided with large sample rooms. The view from the wide balconies is charming, overlooking the whole of Bundaberg, and onwards to the Woongarra, the river, and the miles of caneflelds. A buggy meets all trains and steamers. The proprietor, Mr. J. A. Sinclair, is an old A.U.S.N. Company's officer, which is a guarantee of attention and courtesy. A. NICHOLSON, Baker and Confectioner, Targo Street, Bundaberg, is an old-established baker whose goods have given the utmost satisfaction to its numerous clients. A large shipping and family trade has been built up by careful attention to the needs of his customers and by the high quality of his goods.

The New Hospital, Bundaberg.

WOODWARD & NORVAL are Shipping and Family Butchers of high repute, due -to their care in handling the stock from paddock to block and the quality of the stock for which the Burnett River distrist is favoured. - -


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

56

HOTEL "GRAND"

i A.NICHOLSON

• • •

a • •

Largest and Best Commercial House in Bundaberg and

Targo St. Machine Bakery *

TELEPHONE I

i\

Baker and Confectioner

Plenty Sample Room Accommodation Buggy

Wedding, Birthday, and Christening Cakes made to order.

Meets All Trains

J. A. SINCLAIR • • •

Proprietor.

Fresh Buns, Rolls and Pastry Daily.

• • •

BUNDflBERG

BUNDABERG

@

BUNDABERG'S QUALITY BUTCHERS

Woodward & Norval WHOLESALE and RETAIL

Family and Carcass Butchers BOURBON STREET - BUNDABERG Families waited on Daily. Shipping supplied promptly in any quantity.

TELEPHONE 170. Branches: George Street and Invicta.

I


57

A.U.S.N. Co.s GUIDE.

THE SUGAR INDUSTRY BUNDABERG Q.

Cane Cutting.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

58

UNDER VICE-REGAL PATRONAGE.

BLUE BELL HOTEL GLADSTONE.

Under the new Proprietorship of

I. S. CROW.

late of

the

GRAND

HOTEL.

The B. B. is conducted as a First-class Hotel.

Overlooking Gladstone Harbour.

(Theatre Royal Opposite).

c^llSa T h i s Up-to-date Firstclass Hotel offers excellent accomodation for Commercial Travellers, Tourists, Visitors, etc., etc.

T h e Building is fitted throughout with Electric Light. Large, loft}' and well ventilated Bedrooms. Sailing Boats, Lauuch and Car available. Good Oystering, Fishing, Shooting, etc. ^

C.TA. HOUSE BLUE BELL HOTEL, GLADSTONE.

^

TARIFF: 10s. per day. I. S. CROW, Proprietor.


59

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

GLADSTONE.

T

HE coast from Bundaberg to Gladstone is a series of bays, with long, low mangrove shore line, broken by an occasional bold headland. Several rivers of importance debauch to the 3ea along this shore, marking the locality of splendid lands. The Kolan and Baffle Creeks are special cases in point. The Boyne River, further north, flows through most picturesque country and valuable agricultural and mineral lands. It enters the sea by a shallow way at the entrance to Port Curtis. This harbour ranks amongst the finest in the world. It has an area of over 20,000 acres with a depth of five fathoms and upwards, at low tide, and is safe anchorage for any number of ships, in any wind, and at any time of the tide. The principal jetty, built chiefly of ferro-concrete, is 320 feet in length, with a shed of 150 feet. The pier, which carries the railway line from the North Coast line to the jetty front, is also built of concrete, and the port lias the must complete facilities for the shipment of live stock^for which this port is noted. The depth at the pier head at L.W.S. is 21 feet (1 inches, and off here it deepens suddenly to five fathoms. The tidal rise at this port is 10 to 12 feet. Passengers by the Northern train leaving Brisbane each Friday night are carried right to tb.3 Is side at midday on Saturday. The s.s. " Bingera," of the A.U.S.N. 1 leaves Brisbane for Gladstone direct in this service each Friday ling, and after transferring mails and passengers leaves for Flat (Mackay), Bowen, and Townsville, reaching the latter port on pay morning in time for the Nor-Western Mail Train. â&#x20AC;˘Gladstone, although a small town, is well endowed with fine buildand has most attractive surroundings. It is situated in a beautikosition, rising up from the sea front, and overlooks the harbour

and surrounding country. The surroundings are of the utmost beauty. Splendid sailing, fishing and shooting are available in the harbour, and it has a back country of the greatest richness. The Gladstone Meat Works, a most up-to-date factory, are situated on deep water, enabling oversea ships to take in their cargoes direct from the Company's jetty. An up-to-date butter factory is on the railway line near Messrs. Skyring & Sons great sawmills. The North Coast Railway Line from Bris-

Gladstone Jetty.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

60

•••BS&^j

^HfRSndvfiSiiflH

B^^ j^j^A^^^L

Main Street, Gladstone. bane to Rockliainploii passes the town, and a branch line goes 58 miles southward into the valley of the Boyne Kivcr and to the mining centres iif .A/any Peaks, Cannindah, etc., passing through some of the finest agricultural country in Queensland and the most picturesque. The valley of the Calliope River to the west of Gladstone is another rich area, wliile, on every side, mineral wealth, the most varied, has been unearthed—gold, copper, silver, manganese, bismuth, kerosene shale coal, marble, etc. Among the business concerns oi this town may be mentioned that ufH. & J. Friend, Ltd., general merchants, whose connection with the district of Port Curtis dates hack over ">0 years, and whose business ramifications extend to all parts of the Plate. The hotel accommodation is good, that of the Blue Bell being excellent in its position, overlooking the harbour, and is noted for its comfort and general high quality.

The Narrows, Gladstone.

M. & ] . PRIEMD, Ltd., DRAPERS and GROCERS Local Agents for—

Local Agents for—

New Zealand Insurance Coy.

Yates' Reliable Seeds.

Bulimba Ale and Stout.

" S h e l l " Brand Benzine.

Munro & Sons, Scotch Whisky.

«==»=$>

Goldenia and Golden Tip Teas.

Sumatra Oil Engine Kerosene.

Wine, Spirit and General Merchants, GLADSTONE TELEPHONE

No.

18.

P.O.

BOX

No,

6


61

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

ROWS

Noted DISPENSARY and DRUG STORE : Qualified Chemist on the premises to attend Night Bell at all hours.

East Street, Rockhampton

Private Box

Telephone 60

64

OUR

S P E C I A L PROPRIETARY

ROW'S ANISEED BALSAM—The Great Cough Remedy.

Pre-eminently adapted for Llie Cure of Coughs, Golds, Influenza, &c, incidental to the variable climate of Central Queensland. GORDON'S BILIOUS PEAS.

These Peas cure Indigestion and all disorders of the Stomach, Liver and Bowels, thus acting as an alternative on the blood. ROW'S PHOSPHATED IRON TONIC.

A Powerful General Tonic and Stimulant for Nervous Debility, Convalescence from any Disorder whatever. Its use is also indicated in all Wasting Diseases, Muscular Weakness, Neuralgia, &e. ROW'S ELECTRIC OINTMENT.

A Family and Household Remedy for Aches and

E T

PREPARATIONS Pains, such as Sprains, Bruises, Burns, Scalds, Lameness, Rheumatism, Stings of Insects, &c.

THE BEST AND NEWEST INOCULATING INSTRUMENTS FOR CATTLE, W I T H ALL NECESSARY APPLIANCES.

A large and complete stock of Patent Medicines, Toilet Articles, all the newest kind of Perfumery, with Ihe usual assortment of Druggists' Sundries, English, Continental and American, generally kept in a Firstclass Drug Store. SUPPLIERS OF DRUGS, &c, TO MINES, STATIONS, &c.

We devote special care and attention to the DISPENSING of all PRESCRIPTIONS, and Guarantee our -Medicines, Drugs, Chemicals, and Pharmaceutical P r e parations to be of the VERY PUREST QUALITY, made in strict accordance with, and up to standard of the British Pharmacopoeia.

ROW & CO., £ ROCKHAMPTON


East Street, Rockhampton.


A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE,

63

General View of Rockhampton.

ROCKHAMPTON, THE CAPITAL CITY OF CENTRAL QUEENSLAND. ROM Gladstone the course is round Facing Island, and thsn northwest along Curtis Island and Cape Capricorn—a bold headland 310 feet high, on which a 3rd order 1 minute revolving light, sible for 22 miles, is situated. Off this point is North Reef light, a liite light lixed for two minutes, followed by two flashes, in succesn, of 1-minute intervals. W.W. by N. from here is Cape Keppel, arking the end of Curtis Island and the entrance to Keppel Bay. A channel well called " The Narrows " leads up the coast from adstone to Keppel Bay, between Curtis Island and the mainland, d is used for vessels of shallow draft—how shallow may be estimated the fact that cattle are at times crossed to Curtis Island at low tide. Sea Hill is the N.W. point of Curtis Island and marks the anchore of vessels which do not go up the Fitzroy River. These vessels e met by tenders which convey passengers and mails to town; genally, however, vessels go to Port Alma. Port Alma is S.W. from Sea Hill, a deep water, land-locked harur at the mouth of Casuarina and Alma Creeks. Here a great wharf s been erected and a railway line has been constructed giving eomunication with Rockhampton, via the North Coast Railway Line. From is wharf is a channel with a depth of 26 feet at L.W.S., north-east Sea Reach five miles, and on to Sea Hill, a total distance of 13 miles. It is from Port Alma that passengers leaving, or arriving from the rth, by the A.U.S.N. steamers and desiring the overland journey join

or leave the vessel; a regular train service being established with Rockhampton, via Bajool, on the main line. The Broadmount wharf is on the left bank of the .river, about halfway to Rockhampton, with which it is connected by railway. It is an important wharf and much used by meat vessels. It was constructed by the Railway Department, who also own the wharf, and charge a wharfage rate on all goods dealt with there—practically a berthing charge. This is in addition to the harbour dues charged on all ships by the Rockhampton Harbour Board, who have the responsibility of keeping the river open for navigation. ROCKHAMPTON is 42 miles up the Fitzroy River from Sea Hill anchorage. It is the chief town in Central Queensland and the port for the enormous trade of the great western plains, the rich gold and copper mine of Mt. Morgan, the copper and gold mines of the Peak Downs, the coal areas of the Dawson, Clermont, and the Styx River, the sapphire mines of Anakie, and a host of other centres rich in mineral, pastoral and farming wealth. It is distant north from Brisbane 420 miles and is the centre of a great railway system. North and south goes the North Coast Railway Line, and west the great Western Line for a distance of 426 miles, with a branch at Jericho, rapidly being extended past Blackall to Windorah, 500 miles from Rockhampton. A branch also goes southward to Mt. Morgan and into the rich Dawson River valley, and there, are also lines to the beautiful seaside

Views on the Fitzroy River.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

u

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

W. BRECKELS & CO. "The House for Hardware" East and Quay Sts.

ROCKHftMPTON

MANUFACTURING PLUMBERS. DIRECT IMPORTERS:— Galvanised Iron, Fencing Wire, Wire Netting, Builders' Ironmongery, Galvanised Pipes, Paints, Red and White Leads, Raw and Boiled Oils, Guns, Rifles, Fishing Tackle, Table and Pocket Cutlery, Electro Plate, Crockery and Glassware, Household Requisites, every description.

Sole Agents in Central Queensland:—

Agencies:—

Fuller & Johnson's Farm Pump Engines.—the Engine that does the most work at least Expense. Cyclone Gates and Fencing. Nunan's Irrigation Plants. " New E r a " Hand and Automatic Cream Separators. " Lister"

" Gospel Oak " Corrugated Iron. I.H.C. Oil Engines and Agricultural Implements. WellBoring Plants and Tools. Bore Casing. Sherwin Williams' Paints. Street's White Ant ; Cure. Andersen's Seeds. —

• Cream separators.

"Alston"

unuuis.

Steel W i n d m i l l s

a n d Towers

Lister Sheep Shearing Machines (StocHs Kept of all s p a r e

parts)

65

Isorts of Emu Park and Yeppoun oil keppel Bay, and other lines in purse of construction to open up further rich areas. The main portion of the town runs back from the high river bank Levee. This fine street runs adjacent to the river, and flanked by me splendid trees, it offers an excellent promenade at all times oi day, but specially inviting in the summer moonlight evenings, me excellent buildings front this street, notably Walter Reid ec Co.'s at premises, the A.B.C. Bank, Custom House, and the Criterion . jbtel, while the castellated suspension bridge across the river, 1,111 Het wide, together with the great river and flotilla of boats add tu e charming view. Roekhampton is seen by a visitor at its best when reaching it from bay. The long street facing' the river bank, the buildings half den by the avenue of trees, the hundred roof tops behind, and the w rising hills marking the Athelstane Range a mile distant, with the eat river sweeping down beneath the bridge from the far interior, ke a charming introduction to undoubtedly one of ttie best towns in stralia. The Berserker Range, which rises up from the left bank the river, has always a majestic appearance, although it also interB p t s much of the Seabreeze which otherwise would modify the suniJ e r heat, the highest peaks rising to 1,812 feet, Alt. Archer, and Berb e r 1,480 feet. The area of the town is 15,072 acres, with a pulation of about 19,000, and a capital value upwards of four and alf millions sterling. The town is well laid out with splendid wide eets at rectangles, the main business thoroughfare being East, lliam, Quay and Denham Streets, and pride of place oan well be en by the business bouses located here. Half a dozen banking knpanies have handsome stone and brick structures; merchant firms, •ominent in the world of commerce, have great warehouses: while the main business street—East Street—exhibits shop frunts which would £ handsome in Bond Street, and brighten up the dingy Strand in the rld's metropolis. They are replete with goods from the world's t markets, by the side of which goods of local manufacture vie fur de of production. The principal papers published here are the " MORNING BULLETIN," issued daily, 12 to 1G pages, at 2d., a wonderful news sheet, well

§\

Store, Roekhampton.

fd In the Gardens, Roekhampton. edited, and produced upon one of the latest Goss, English printing machines. Prom this office also comes the " CAPRICORNIAN," a weekly 6d. Journal. A line publication full of the latest information and a circulation extending throughout t!}e State. The " DAILY RECORD " is the afternoon paper, a production which assists to keep high the standard of literary merit general throughout Australia. The chief residence section is adjacent to the town, but, on the heights .if the Athelstane Range overlooking the town, a large number of handsome dwellings have been erected, with fine gardens and


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji. •

NO. 16,754 ( HSTHS. MARRIAGES

nllttin*

tfWUtlg

ROCKHAilPTON. WEDNESDAY. MAY 15. 1918.

AMD DEATHS

SHIPPING

A

U.&N.

COMPANY,

I

GENERAL HOTICES

LlMlTEii|rp f T 1 DCKER

J.

AXD

Iinae, 6d. per Une. atetjn-re are fete ad ad to be deap*tab« riXDERT * EKES —.. . « - . . , » . ,.™ ,M j a d e * : — iBEAD OF-TCE,, ROLL OF HONOUR, For, wtlbinwHr^t. BETKB3-—IB Ivnnjt B m o n ol Jurae* BRISBANE 4ir*rt \ "SJ. GABO. ' Off Eaw. Albert, hu« ol end Light b«r— * • ' ' " ' • ' " ' •> *»>— • « I killed ui action on Guilipoli. M»> 1 tbadnwa 11)15. *«M 2* JMI) Iln.rried by his W K I J FanutJ Until the d i t T ' l i i

Ki NEJVELL, I

TO LET AlH> FOR SALE, AT ROCK-HAMPTON".

* EVTBi LMER.~. No. ) BRANCH, Arch-n and U u ic-ret* -• _ i*y

TWELVE PAGES,

TO LET AMD FOR SALE.

G

S.

CURTIS

HAVE FOR SALE

*

C

PRICE 2»

BUSINESS MOTICES

TO LET AMD FOR SALE.

O M F O R T A B L E HOME,C! O U F O S T A B L E H O l l l , 0 FOB SALZ, CHEAP.

T T

E E

W W

T T

are e n » w «ca!i onlt of torn Therefore, the mora jou C M Prices and Qualities aith other* you boom* impressed with ti

hetter

BOWARJ) SMITH. LIMITED. I' oafinf AfMu RefTisv Pe*aeag« a-' 1 CaTfe. * • > M l * « t (eireuBu lances peroitlW

N ppqiunu

R K

J

EWART5

For/:, o l i A S l SIDNEY

A A

IS THE HOUSE

\ler<-b»ndise Cost* Laa*.

fU*t LMMEDIATE WEAR SERGE 3KIRTS, t l •**» Mtr, D front, aaaed at back, flniab^-. - pockets, H t 2 ] , J i i U , n i Price 13/S.

RUST NY ON (largo only) FIOSJ Deep** Wharr. Wei, llaj r

SKIRT, in n>TT only, well Hired. d at back. fUitahed with belt. 31 inch U l i i X Inch. f*rif» ' F A W N ft GREY GABARDINE RT, well .fared, double turk Tor back, '!i ;mlv eased at back, hart •. :iti i it, ;is i 24, ;» t jn. ; . 10 ), 2T, *2 I 32. Prfce, Jt/6

d\)t Jilornimj Itollrtin 2d. 12 to 16 Pages.

Established 1861.

" THE MORNING BULLETIN " is the only morning paper published in Central Queensland, and is the recognised authority upon Central Queensland affairs, and is the Oldest, Largest and Leading Paper in that great area, or published in the State outside Brisbane. It is the popular Family, Pastoral and Commercial Paper, from Rockhampton to the Northern Territory. No paper equals in value that enjoyed by " THE .MORNING BULLETIN," Rockhampton. " THE MORNING BULLETIN " is the Daily Newspaper of Mt. Morgan also, where it is delivered early every day.

Iij£ Caprirornian 48 Pages.

6d.

Established 1875.

" THE CAPRICORNIAN " is in size 48 pages, and published weekly, contains the essence of the World's news, local information from all centres, and practical information of use to the country residents of the State. Its circulation extends from the Islands on the Coast to the far-out Hotel, Store, Hut, Station Residence and Townships throughout the vast District of Central Queensland, and is a welcomed mail delivery everywhere. To reach the country resident no paper has equal value to that enjoyed by " THE CAPRICORNIAN," Rockhampton.

Address: $b*fforitingSnlletin ltd., East St., ROCKHAMPTON, Q,land.


tt

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

I V

Q.N.

ik. i'

JP

Bank.

Commercial

splendid uiillonk. Here also are situated the Botanical Gardens, \v 'il worth a visit, the Hospitals, and the Boys' and Girls' Grammar Schools all (>f high merit in theii several interests. Other centres of suburban residence are the north side of the river and westward to the river where the North Coast, Emu Park and Yeppoon lines cross U»e close to the public gardens, which for a mile Hank the river, lost excellent system of tramways stretch out in various direeti ins, further facilities fir viewing the town and district are offered by tumerous motor cars which ply for hire. I The Kitzruy River, on which Rockhampton is situated, is the W - l river in Q nsland, and with its tributaries—the Dawson, Mackenzie, and ether streams—has a watershed of 55,660 square miles.

Bank of

Sydney.

B a n k of A u s t r a l a s i a .

looks over immense areas of wonderful undulating pasture lands. In good seasons—and it is seldom otherwise—there is a magnificent stretch of waving grass over which sheep, totalling 12,000,000, depasture. These are the bearers of the silky fleece whose worth to this Central District is over £2,800,000 per annum. At shearing time can be seen at a hundred stations the various phases of sheep-shearing, while at all times station life in its many aspects are at hand. There are townships of different sizes along the line, and first-class accommodation and every convenience are to be obtained at the hotels. The artesian water system can also be studied here, and there are als i the old Peak Downs Cppper Mine, the Clermont Deep Leads, the Blair Atliol coal measures, all reached by the Clermont line going north through the famous Peak Downs from Emerald, while west from Emerald is the interesting Sapphire Mines of Anakie, where thousands of pounds' worth of this gem is being unearthed each year from !he site of old river beds.

PHONES^

106 and 3 2 6

W. T.D.SMITH Baiter and Confectioner Quay Street, Rockhampton.

an area almost equal to England and Wales. The Great Dividing and Coast Ranges are the watershed of this river, as well as the Burnett to the south, and the Burdekin to the north. Other mountains le Boomer, Broadsound and Connors Ranges, which stretch sen™ llike along the coast almost to Mackaiy. fVestward of Rockhampton are the Drummond, Peak and Bertram forming, as it were, the guardians of the Western plains t great areas of pastoral country are intersected by the Central K railway, which extends west to Longreach for 428 miles, with a |branch going south-west past Blackall out to the Barcoo and pson Rivers, and lines to Clermont and Springsure on the eastern |f the Drummond Range. The lines are the main channels of pnication between the coast and the interior, and visitors to this should not miss the opportunity of visiting the rolling downs J West. For over 200 miles after crossing the Drummond—a great rang* of sandstone and solidified sea mud and shales—the traveller

WILLIAM STREET and ARCHER STREET,

ROCKHAMPTON. Families Waited on C Daily.

Small Goods Fresh

Daily.

SHIPPING SUPPLIED, Requirements of Visitors to the Central District will receive every attention,

a


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji. ESTABLISHED 1875.

BURNS & TWIGG, LTD., Engineers, Boilermakers, Ironfounders and General Hardware Merchants, W E SPECIALISE IN Well-Boring Machinery and Tools. Meat Preserving Plants. Circular Meat Filling Machines. General Station Requirements.

We Stock all General Hardware Lines, Bar Iron and Steel, Galvanized Iron Fencing Wire and Wire Netting, also the Famous " D A N D Y " all Steel Windmills, Tanks, Troughing, Cattle ÂŤ

Dips, Etc. CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED. CIRCULAR MEAT FILLING MACHINE.

BURNS & TWIGG LIMITED, ROCKHAMPTON.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE

69

The Central Queensland Meat Export Co.'s Works. • The famous MOUNT MORGAN gold and copper mine lies S.W. from Rockhampton •> i miles, on the Dawson Valley line, which junctions with the main western line at Kabra 11 miles out. The last part of the journey is by a steep grade where the line is constructed on the " Rack " principle, a toothbed centre rail acting with a geared wheel of the engine. At the summit of this rise one looks nut over a most interesting view. At the foot is (he large township of Mt. Morgan. To the right are the great ore reduction works, and staff offices set ibiuil the famous mountain, the scarred top and sides of which show where the enormous bodies of ore have been taken out to yield the £10,000,000 worth of gold ami copper which il has produced since its discovery in 1882. The methods of mining carried on here are most nteresting, and the metallurgical problems involved have necessitated !he erection of most elaborate machinery and cover almost the whole scheme of gold winning by every known process. The mine is a necessary part of the itinerary of a visitor to Central Queensland. EMI! PARK, undoubtedly one of the most charming marine resorts on the coast of Australia, is 33 miles by rail from Rockhampton, a few miles north of the Fitzroy River, and opposite to where rise the great rocks of the Keppel group of islands. Mr. H. W. Johnson's Emu Park Motel is but a short distance from the sea, and from its verandahs one has a beautiful series of views; the sea, bay and reef stretch north and south, while eastward island after island rise to view. To the south and west the town gathers as it were in little cups, and beyond the treeless knolls, with their cappings of dwellings, pretty hills fold down behind hills to the far-away ranges. Emu Park is unfolded in all its beauty as one journeys up the knoll but a few yards from the hotel. From here on one looks out over miles of charming bays between sea-jutting rocks; sharp-toothed reefs, where the sea

dashes its silvery spray, and out to great rugged islands and surfswept .rocks in a shimmering sea of azure and pearl. For a holiday few places offer so charming variety, and Johnson's Hotel can be strongly recommended for comfort and attention. What stories are hidden in these islands that, witch-like, steal out from the ocean when sunrise marks the day's beginning. One sees by fancy's mind the shadowy Baits of the old " Endeavour," 'passing northward in this then uncharted sea. and the leadsman ill' Captain Cook's small vessel singing out the old, old call, " liy Hie Lead, live " ; the ships uf Flinders, the " K a t e " anil " Porpoise," lo leave their ribs on Wreck Reef in the Northumberland*, but a day's voyage north: the swinging bows of the old China clippers; the brig, " Maria," to be wrecked on the Barrier Reef, and half its human cargo lost or murdered by blacks near where is now Innisfail; the " Peruvian," to be wrecked near Cape Capricorn, and Us only survivor, Murrell, to be rescued from the blacks many years after. Clipper and barque, storm-swept schooner, and refuge boat from the French penal, station follow. The shadows of history are many. One in special of these parts, that of the sailing out uf the Fitzmy of the " Sea Belle " in 1857 with the first load of wool from Central Queensland. Months passed, and then a film of rumour came frnm the blacks that she had been wrecked on Great Keppel Island. Later, that mine on board had been drowned, but landing, had been surrounded by blacks. One " big white man," bearded and strong (Norman Leith-Hay, of Rannes, no doubt), had fought with bare fists until he was clubbed, then, after a night's corroboree all were killed except one white " M a r y " and two children, presumably the captain's wife and children, and there the knowledge stops. Search parties went oil!, bul n°thing definite was ever discovered.


7fl

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Fisherman's Beach Emu Park.

YEPPOON, to the north of Emu Park, is a charming seaside resort on the shores of Keppel Bay, two hours run by rail from Rockhampton. Magnificent views are obtained of the Keppel Islands and Bay, whilst the visitor may enjoy drives throughout rich tropical scrub, fern and palms. Boating, swimming and excellent fishing and shooting also offer to the visitor in search of health or recreation attractions that would be hard to surpass, while the rich red loam gives wonderful returns to settlers. There is excellent hotel and boarding accommodation here, the Pacific Hotel (J. Jamieson) being specially recommended. A short journey from Rockhampton in any direction brings one into the midst of much beauty and interest. Five miles west is Fairy Bower, a locality of many attractions, and about the same distance N.E. is New Zealand Gully, both charming spots with much botanic

beauty", as is also " The Meeting of the Waters " near Yaamba. OlsenS Caves lie about 17 miles distant, and are of much interest, while Allor. Downs gives cne an idea of the agricultural possibilities of the distric! All round Rockhampton are mineral areas, and anyone interested i: mining development could spend weeks to much profit in this gre;r district of Central Queensland. The trade of Rockhampton totals over four millions sterling pc annum, wool and pastoral produce being about two-thirds of its export, and gold £500,000. Seme 500 vessels visit the port each year coastwise and foreign, aggregating a total of over one million tons There are over 1,000 miles of lines opened in this Central Distri<'1 the passengers carried numbering over 780,000 per annum, and ib goods earnings amounting to over £510,000. Owing to these travellinfacilities great progress in land settlement is apparent upon all side;

" This we prescribe—though no physician." For a Thoroughly Enjoyable, Health-promoting Holiday,

EWU PARK

(Hewittville on Sea)

Has Few COMPEERS Being one of the most naturally beautiful and salubrious Seaside Resorts oh the Australian Coast. The Very " P i n k and Flower" of Bathing Places.

Emu Park Hotel May always be relied upon for Generous Accommodation and a Persuasively Reasonable Tariff. Excellent Train Service via Rockhampton. Good Motor Road. 'PHONE 8. H. W. JOHNSON, Hotelier. " The Heaven's breath smells wooingly here.'

Views at Emu Park.


71

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

Mackay f r o m the Pioneer River.

ROCKHAMPTON TO MACKAY. iHK Journey from Koekhamptou by the Fitzroy Hiver is a most pleasant one. A beautiful wide river with picturesque reaches and pretty shore and island beauty is with one the whole of ^ H 36 miles to the sea. Four miles from the city the great works of Central Queensland Meat Export Co., Ltd., are passed, the buildings |oting the great operations of this firm whose trade extends throughthe globe. After passing Mackenzie Island and Sea Hill on the osite side, Keppel Bay is entered and the wealth of beautiful islands ra as the Keppels are passed through. South-east is the Capricorn Group, and further east is the long stretch of the Great Barrier Beef. • From here to Thursday Island—1,098 miles—the journey by Ihe A.U.S.N. Co's steamers is through a myriad gems of island beauty, the sun each morning rising over a wealth of colour scarce met with in any part of the world, and setting over the ranges along the skyline in such wondrous tints that neither artist or poet could depict them. Mile after mile, silver beach and scarred mountain, rocky glen and

dense scrub, show on the shore side, while between the vessel and shore, and eastward to the reef rise bare rock and palm-clad island, curious atoll and beautiful coral floor. Wonderful also are the fish in these seas, whilst on some of the islands a sportsman is offered such shooting as is scarce met with elsewhere. Much history also centres along the reefs and islands on this coast, and as one passes through the Keppels and into the Northumberland Group stories of Captain Cook, Flinders, the old China traders, and adventures among the blacks can be heard from those familiar with these seas. In the winter months especially should this fairy land be visited. A launch from any of the ports will, in a few hours, and at little cost, bring one in comfort to the midst of this wealth of beauty and make impress on the beholder's memory which will never be effaced.

MACKAY. is 190 miles to Flat Top Island, a whale-backed knoll off the Pioneer River which rises from the sea, near a mate, well named Round Top. To a visitor, looking from the deck of an A.U.S.N. er as she swings at anchor off Flat Top, viewing the great au of the rich sugar growing district of Mackay, away to the west, utlook is charming. North and south stretches the long strip of •edged shore ridged with dunes piled up by the prevailing southwind. Beyond here is a wide stretch of level country broken t y isol ted knoll, or higher eminence, scrub-covered or patched with green fac s, marking some great sugar area. In the distance the main stretches its broken course north and south on the far-away on. Here and there on the level country can be seen a mill ney, and nearer—seeming but a mile distant—the roofs and clock marking the position of the pretty and progressive town of Ma ay, with the Pioneer River, like a silver streak, coming seaward. fortable motor launch quickly conveys passengers the four miles' fey to the town which, together with the surrounding district, is fill f charm and interest. #

"lit "Eh.

issued

In the Cane Fields


72

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Cane Cutters, Mackay. The great sugar-growing district of Macakay lies 540 miles north of Brisbane, on the south bank of the Pioneer River, a stream which iinds its head waters amongst splendid lands in the coast range. Flat Top and Round Top Islands' lie off the mouth of the river. At the first-mentioned is a lighthouse with a white and red fixed light, visible for 17 miles. Ocean-going boats anchor here while passengers are taken to town by motor launch. The district was discovered in 18G0 by the late Captain Mackay, for many years Harbour Master, etc., Brisbane, and its wonderful soil attracted early attention. Enormous progress has been made in the fifty years since its discovery. There are some 52,000 acres under cultivation, chiefly sugar, of Which some 50,000 tons are manufactured per annum, while all tropical fruits and cereals do exceedingly well. Further west and north are grazing lands of the highest class, there being in this district some 90.000 head of cattle and some 30,000 horses. The town is well laid out, the wide streets being planted with beautiful shade trees, and lined with hotels and first-class business premises, amongst which are Messrs. Marsh A Webster's new brick premises, a most handsome structure. Mackay has a population of over 6,500, and is in the van of public progress of all kinds. A municipal council govern the affairs of the municipality and a shire council that of the district. Good roads predominate, and splendid motor car drives can be had through the sugar fields and into stretches of jungle where all the beauties of tropical life may be seen. The town and district have excellent churches and schools, and clubs and societies are well represented. The main coastal railway line is being pushed on north and south of this port, and a journey along this, and also out through the plantations by the Cattle Creek and Eton lines and branches, will bring scenes of the utmost interest to the traveller. The business concerns of the town are most progressive. Such firms as Marsh & Webster, Ltd., General Merchants, and W. H. Paxton & Co., General Merchants and Shipping Agents, are well known throughout Australia and Great

Britain. An excellent brewery is adjacent to the town, and commands st extensive trade. Th" hotel acci uodation is excellent, and ?t bv !he

Falls on the Pioneer River. buggies of the Imperial and Wills' Hotels, and every comfort is to hand for the well being of a visitor. Arrangements can be made to visit any part of the district, which possesses numerous places of great

Coast Scenes between Mackay and Bowen.

/


73

A.U.S.N. Co.s GUIDE. Jnterest, lions to |Kungella beauty.

from the numerous sugar mills and their interesting operathe great plateau and future health resort at the top of the Range, 40 miles westâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;a region of magnificent soil and great The coast line offers a wealth of seaside enjoyment. Good

fishing, shooting, and boating being available along miles length of shore and river, while the islands off the coast and the various creeks jnd inlets north and south of Mackay are worth exploring.

IPercy Island

Whitsunday Passage

WHITSUNDAY PASSAGE.

F

ROM Mackay it is-105 miles north to Bowen.and from the time the steamer leaves Flat Top Island to its entrance into the charming bay on which Bowen stands not a mile is without interest, there being a succession of island beauty unequalled in any

named Whitsunday, nearly 150 years ago. A hundred islands or more rise up in picturesque shapes, some by sharp escarpement from the sea edge to grassy summit, others are sand girt atoll, and others rise like a great shark tooth on which the surf beats mightily. Some are but a mile in area; others range up to 50 square miles and several are occupied as sheep farms, realising good profits amidst beautiful surroundings. Wide bays, inlets and coves mark each mile of this sea, with the great frowning cliffs and wide bays of the coast line backed ever by the distant coast xange. From Bowen a launch may be obtained for a trip through these islands, where every pleasure of tropic life may be enjoyed amid " Thick clustered beauty, as if the hands had brought Earth's fairest fragments to this beauteous spot; Or Nature's basket" of riches rare, Perchance had fallen, burst and scattered here."

Sinclair Bay and Ben Lomond. Part of the world. St. Bees, Scawfell and Sir J. Smith's Group of islets are passed, and then with the Cumberland Island en the east, "id Cape Conway to the west, marking the locality of the rich Proserpine district, we enter into the wonderful passage which Captain Cook

ft

BRASSO

METAL POLISH


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

74

Grand View Hotel, Bowen. MOTOR CAR RUNS FROM

FIRST-CLASS HOTEL ONLY

HOTEL. C i

Facing Main Beach and Opposite

i

P.O. Box 14,

Railway Station, Pier, and Telephone 26.

Posl Office.

H.

IIIIIIHIIIHIIIIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII

A. KELLY,

J. E. KELLY

| fiiiiiiiii

Proprietor.

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BUTCHEK. uiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii

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if

ICE WORKS AND COLD STORAGE. Contractor to His Majesty's Ships and Local Military Forces. Oversea and Coastal Shipping Supplied on Shortest Notice.

PHONE 9.

BOWEN

BOX 26.


A.U.S.N. Co.*s GUIDE.

75

General View of Bowen, North Queensland.

BOWEN FTER rounding Gloucester Island, rugged and picturesque, 10 to 18 miles .from Bowen, the vessel enters one of the llnestK harbours in Australia—Port Denison—and after various turns Ipicburesquely situated port of Bowen is seen in the distance. The }our is about 20 miles long from north-west to south-east, and or ten miles wide from north-east to south-west. It is surg e d on three sides by hills and mountains, wooded to the summits, J some approaching to a great height. On the seaward side the lour is sheltered by Dalrymple Point on its northern end, and Stone Id, Gloucester Island and the promontory (Mount Ben Lomond) on lou'thern extremity.

Orange Orchard, Bowen. 'rom the anchorage to the jetty a channel 200 feet wide, open| u t to a swinging basin of 1,000 feet wide, has been dredged, a depth of 18 feet at low water. The jetty head is 408 feet by 68 feet wide, having ample accommodation on both sides, etty, which is one of the best of its kind in Queensland, is 2,800 n length, and is connected with the railway system, which en-. carg; es to be handled from the ship's side direct to railway , and vice versa. The berths alongside the jetty are dredged to

I Esplanade and Jetty, Bowen. tPhoto ; Strong Studio, Bowen.

24 feet at low water. The hotels here are the " Grand View," well named, facing the beach and adjacent to the pier, and Algar's " North Australian," opposite B.P. & Co-.„-and the " Court House." Both these houses are recommended. The town, which has a population of about 1,000, is built on a peninsula, with the sea on three sides, and the trade winds being east-south-east, the climate is ideal—in fact from a health point of view it is one of the best, as the thermometer rarely rises over 95 degrees (with a very small percentage of humidity), and the nights, even in the middle of summer, are particularly cool and refreshing. The streets are wide and well-drained, and as the town is built on gentle elevation, the streets are dry and clean within a few hours after heavy rains. The district is worth an extended visit. It is the centre of large pastoral properties. The rich soil which extends south from Bowen to the Proserpine district is rapidly becoming a great fruit and sugar-producing district, while the coal areas to the west, to which a railway line is being constructed, will in the near future give exceedingly high returns. For scenery, especially coastal, it is hard to equal in the Commonwealth. South from here, 42 miles by railway, is the rich sugar-growing district of Proserpine, a beautiful locality in whatever way one looks at it. Picturesque coast line, great bays, sandy beaches, and rugged cliff, look out over the island-dotted Whitsunday Passage, with its ever calm seas. Inland are wide meadows and waving caneflelds, scrub-bordered streams, coming from distant


76

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

A.U.S.N. Co.'s " Wyreema " at Bowen Jetty. ranges which rise 30 miles away in rugged blufl and undulating bills against the skyline. The pretty township of Proserpine is a centre of charm, while nt' interest is the great sugar mill which cost £35,000, where each season si me 10,000 tons of cane is crushed, producing some 4,000 tons of sugar. The hotel accommodation here is excellent, and every facility is at hand to visit the surrounding most charming country. BOWEN RIVBB COALFIELD.—Under a License to prospect tor coal the liowen River Coal Company occupies Coal Area No. 18, area 2,5«0 acres, near Mt. Devlin, 4!> miles S.E. from Bowen or 13 miles by railway route from Merinda, C> miles from Bowen, which is now (1018) under construction. Prospecting on the area has revealed the undermentioned seams:—f.arrick. 1ft. Gins, thick; Bowen, 22ft. tlins. thick: Denison, lift. Oins. thick; (Unnamed), 3ft. fiins. thick.

ALGAR'S

North Australian Hotel BOWEN. T H E LEADING HOTEL. 'Phone 10.

C.T.A.

HOUSE. Box 17.

Centrally Situated, opposite B u r n s , Philp & Co. and Court House.

Accommodation Cuisine

The Garrick Seam lias been tested by the Railway Department adl Merinda Meatworks with very satisfactory results. Very successful results were obtained from G bores put down on the areas retained by the Government and the Government Railway test of the coal on the Brisbane to Toowoomba Railway prove highly successful. In conjunction with this promised development, the Mt. Elliott Co., td., owners of copper mines at Gloncurry, have erected works for the refining of copper which are steadily growing in importance. A railway line goes north from Bowen to Townsville passing the Bowen Meat Works and then across the Burdekin River through grea! sugar plantations of the Burdekin delta to Townsville. Bowen, wliicli for years has made little progress, is destined to come much to th'' front, because of its splendid harbour, rich lands, great mineral resources and the extension of the railway system, all of which augur well for increasing prosperity.

BOWEN T O TOWNSVILLE. HE distance from Bowen to Townsville is 103 miles. The CdUT.-e is eastward past Stone Island, a rugged guard as it were to the beautiful harbour of Port Denison, then N.E. past North Head light, a white and red fixed light visible 11 miles, to the Rock) bluff of Cape Edgecombe, then on by Abbott Point to Cape Upstart another surf-beaten cliff. Upstart Bay, north of here, is a region u( shallows and picturesque beach, marking the delta of the Burdekin River, one of the great rivers of the eastern coast draining a locali1) of magnificent sugar lands through which runs the railway from Bowt'u to Townsville. North again, Cape Bowling Green, a giant scarp loom* up, with a circular white lighthouse to the north of the Cape. This is a white revolving light, visible 14 miles. Cape Cleveland is about 23 miles N.N.W. of here, with the lighthouse showing sharply on tin high promontory. This has a white revolving light with red sector. 20 sees., visible 20 miles, and marks the entrance to Cleveland Ba> and the Port of Townsville, and for the great trade of the interior of North Queensland. MAGNETIC ISLAND.—As the bay is entered, this Sanitarium of the North can be seen to the north-east, a great triangular mass wedgui as it were into the Bay. The island is about 24 square miles in area and a most beautiful place. The coast is indented with inlets, who*' beaches are glowing sands fringed with she oaks, backed up with gigantic boulders of granite among which tropical fruits grow in wiW luxuriance. The island is almost encircled with reef and beautifu specimens of coral can be obtained. Splendid oysters adhere to the rocks and a wealth of fish—mullet, rock-cod and garfish— abound in

T

Perfect. Ditto.

BOATS AND TRAINS MET ON ARRIVAL.

J. T. ALGAR, Proprietor (Late Empire and Carlton Hotels, Townsville.) Nellie Bay Landing, Magnetic Island.


77

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

Inkerman Sugar Mill, Bowen-Townsvllle Line

lie great pools. Some 40 people reside upon the island, but in summer |me thousands from the mainland make this their holiday resort. The fi'tii'i-v is very varied and beautiful, magnificent stretches of sea, island Ind mainland alternating. There is excellent accommodation to be Ibtained at " Mandalay," Nellie Bay, set in a beautiful position, to

which Hayles' Royal Mail launches run at regular intervals from Hayles' Wharf, Towusvillt'. Cape Cleveland is a promontory extending some 1G miles from Bowling Green Bay. The steep headland is rough and rugged, but the base is in mangrove-covered mud-flats which, with some beaches, extend to Cape Marlow, broken opposite the town by a mutilated islet " Magazine," a rocky proturbance now converted into a bare red cliff. The graceful sweeping beach, near the town, extends north to another headland, well named Kissing Point. Another and more regular curving beach follows, and then Cape Marlow. Between the base of Cape Cleveland and Cape Marlow the belts of mangrove and the outline of the beaches are broken by streams, the chief being Crocodile and Alligator Creeks, on which is situated the Australian Meat Company's works, and Ross River and Ross Creek, on which are the great works of the Queensland Meat Export Co., Ltd.

THE

Excelsior Hotel CENTRALLY SITUATED, Offers

Comfortable a c c o m m o d a t i o n to t h e and Visitor.

Tourist

HOT AND GOLD BATHS.

EXCELLENT CUISINE Only the Best Brands of Wines and Spirits Stocked. One Minute from the G.P.O. ' P h o n e 119. The Coast from Por: Newry, Mackay. to Halifax Bay.

Box 126.

TOWNSVILLE. B. M . G U I N A N E ,

Proprietress. -91


78

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Shipping at Outer Harbour, Townsville (Magnetic Island in the Distance). S.S. " B a l l a r a t " (1,112 tons), S.S. " Morialta " (1,948 tons), S.S. " D i l k e r a " (2,667 tons), S.S. "Canberra" (7,707 tons), S.S. " Westmeath " (8,096 tons). [Photo \Y. J. Laurie, Townsville.

Bowls on the Shores of Cleveland Bay, Townsville.


n

A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE. 3tz=3E=JE

h-^HF^

p f

LIMITED

Sawmillers, Timber Merchants, Joinery Manufacturers, and i' Ironmongers, TOWNSVILLE.

\

i

J \

[

J

i j

Large Stocks

Large Stocks

of

of Silky Oak and

Hardwood Pine Cedar Maple

Oregon Pine

Maria Creek Sawmills.

Exporters of Silky Oak, Maple, Peneil Cedar, Beantree and White Beach, both Log and Sawn. r~~

i Special Attention devoted to Preparation and Eredtion of Station Buildings, Woolsheds, Portable Huts, etc. Also Prepared Shafting for Mines and Wells.

â&#x20AC;˘

i

1 1

CHAPMAN & CO

(

I

3E

T.

"

~7i

Manufacturers of

Sheep Hurdles and all Classes of

Gates.

A Giant Cedar Log at the Mill

THE WATERVIEW SAWMILLS Branch Mills at Maria Creek and Innisfail, It. Queensland.

Stanley St., TOWNSVILLE, N t h . Qld.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

8D

TELEPHONE 615.

F. PERRY

G.P.O.'BOX 53.

Townsville's Leading Jeweller and Optician. " T H E HOUSE OF QUALITY."

F. P E R R Y ' S J e w e l l e r y S h o w W i n d o w . F l i n d e r s S t r e e t , T O W N s V I L L F .

Carrying the largest and most up'to-date stock of Fashionable Jewellery, Watches, Electroplate W a r e , Wedding Presents, etc, in Northern Queensland. Orders for Jewellery executed to any Design at Shortest Notice. Watchmaking and repairing a speciality. Only expert workmen employed in each branch. OUFk OPTICAL PARLOUR is in charge of a Competent and Keliable Optician, and being fitted with Modern and Up'to-date Appliances for the testing of sight Clients may rely on obtaining the best Services at Reasonable Prices. INSPECTION INVITED

ALL WORK GUARANTEED


81

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

The Grand New Private

E reeled upstairs replete with

DINING HALL

convenience,

for Ladies.

IS NOW OPEN.

every

INTERIOR OF LADIES' DINING HALL (Upstairs)

Tourists and Visitors who have not yet seen this luxurious hall will not only be agreeably surprised but well satisfied with it.

^8K3«

ss of the

The Service is under

Up-to-date

the

Proprietor,

personal

S. MACRFE

supervision

SfS^K INTERIOR OF REFRESHMENT ROOMS

MACREE'S CAFE £ S FLINDERS STREET, TOWNSVILLE.

ER


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

82

GARBUTT BROS. LIMITED, Wholesale, Retail & Shipping Butchers. Hotels, Boarding-houses and Private Families waited on daily. Suppliers of Fat Cattle and Sheep in large or small lots. Depots : Urannah and Mt Marion Stations

Telephones:

Telephones:

Orders 116 Accounts 569

Yard 419 Shipping 38

Contractors and Suppliers TO

A.U.S.N. Co. Ltd. Ad elaide S.S. Co, Ltd.

Howard Smith Co. Ltd. His Majesty's Ships

Bankers : Bank

o-F N e w

South

Military Forces and other Public Bodies Wales

V

Flinders Street,

O WNSV I L L


83

A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE.

Morning and Afternoon Teas daintily served

The most Up-tO'Date

CAFE in North Qyeensland

Sundaes, Ice Cream Sodas and a

Tourists and Visitors specially catered for.

Great Variety of Iced Delicacies made from Fresh Fruits.

FLINDERS ST.,

'FLINDERS ST.,

TOWNSVILLE.

TOWNSVILLF.

m

G. FRANCIS AUTOMATIC BAKERY

North Ward c

TOWNSVILLE

BAKEK and CONFECTIONEK. Contractors to the Military Force?, His Majesty's Ships, A.U.S.N. Co., Howard Smith &â&#x20AC;˘ Co. Ltd., Adelaide S.S. Co., and Others. Orders Supplied at Shortest Notice.

'Phone 147 Townsville.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji

84

0

B WORKS: FLINDERS LANE.

TELEPHONE 227.

W . H. SWALES M E C H A N I C A L AND

CONSULTING

ENGINEER"—

TOWNSVILLE. Specialist in all Classes of Marine and Refrigerating Work. GJ.

.0

Brownhill Kirk & Co. Ltd. TOWNSVILLE Real Property, House and Land Agents, Forwarding and General Commission Agents, Auditors, Valuators under Succession and Probate Duties Act.

Great Northern Hotel (NEXT RAILWAY STATION) H. J. MORRIS Proprietor

AGENTS FOR:— Queensland Trustees Limited. Cie de Messageries Maritimes. Orient Line of Royal Mail Steamers. Canadian Australian Royal Mail Line. ATTORNEYS FOR:— Atlas Assurance Company Limited. General Accident, Fire and Life Assurance Corporation Limited. Canton Insurance Office, Limited. The Batavia Sea and Fire Insurance Company (Marine), &c, &c. Station Properties, Sugar and other Properties.

Agricultural

Easily the Most Comfortable Hotel. Wide Verandahs with Single Rooms opening thereon

Brownhill Kirk & Co. Ltd. Town Hall Buildings

TOWNSVILLE.

Best Brands of Liquors Stocked.

Flinders Street :: TOWNSV.LLE


8B

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

WHY IS . . .

LOWTH'S The Most Popular Hotel in North Queensland ?

Because from the beginning T. LOWTH would not have anything on his shelves but the Best Liquor. Because he has made the Dining-room perfect in supply and service, and Because the Bedrooms are kept in perfect order. LOWTH'S is a High-class Hotel, where the Squatter is sure to meet a Squatter to talk over pastoral matters, where the Cane-grower can discuss prospects of the Sugar Industry.

The Indian Remount Buyer frequents L O W ! H'S because the horse breeder is to be found there. The

Mining Speculator goes to L O W T H ' S because the latest on 'Change is talked of there

The Commercial man is a familiar figure at L O W T H ' S because Business men make L O W T H ' S a centre. The Traveller puts up at LOWTH'S because his friends advise him to stop at the BEST HOTEL IN TOWNSVILLE.

The Question is answered.

Phone 206


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

86

TOURISTS, when in TOWNSVILLE, visit

MAGNETIC

ISLAND,

with [its Beautiful Bays, Inlets and Beaches, Lovely Forests [and curious rock formation. LUNCHEON and TEAS promptly served.

HAYLES' R.M. LAUNCHES Run a DAILY SERVICE frcm HAYLES' WHARF, or arrange c

. • -r .

..

c

mi

bpecial Trips for parties.

( 6 1 8 HAYLES' WHARF, or

Phones 1122 EXCHANGE HOTEL

" MANDALAY " Nellie Bay, Magnetic Island, TOWNSVILLE. THE SANITORIUM OF THE NORTH.

TARIFF: 8/6 per Day; £ 2 10s. per Week.

Apply Box 270, P.O., Towns ville

During Your Journey You often require Medical and Toilet Requisites. We can recommend W. H. GREEN LTD., The Quality Chemists.

On the Queensland Coaft First-Class Pharmacies

in

From Bowen to Cairns, you will find their

First-Class Positions

stacked with

They Guarantee Satisfaction

First-Class Goods Photographic Goods obtainable at all Pharmaciss

NOTE THE ADDRESSES:

W. H. GREEN LTD., Chemists, TOWNSVILLE. /NSVILLE.

CAIRNS.

BOWEN.

AYR.

INGHAM.

INNISF4 INNISFAIL.


87

A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE. jt»JUUlJtJUtitlUUt4JUt4tllJtJt^

QUEEN'S HOTEL VERLOOKING Cleveland Bay and Townsville Harbour, brautifu'ly situated and benefiting to the fullest extent from the Cool Sea Breezes. Only seven minutes' walk from the Post Office.

o

THIS MAGNIFICENT FAMILY, PASTORAL, AND COMMERCIAL HOTEL Has recently been acquired by the Queen's Hotel Townsville, Limited, and is under entirely new and up-to-date management. It is perfectly appointed in every detail; Dining Room ; Lofty Good Bedroooms. opening on to broad wraqdahs.

^ Lounge, Bar, and Smoking Rooms J& Hot and Cold Baths. Excellent Cuisine. J& j& First-Class Accommodation ^ j& T I L

<<B1

I elephones \ 6 4 5

:

A . S h a d e l , Manager

THE STRAND, TOWNSVILLE iYIWifWSTiWfWflT?T*W*^fW*WS^^

William Robertson & Company Limited

Victoria Foundry

WORKS ESTABLISHED 1873.

TOWNSVILLE

Engineers, Iron and Brass Founders, Boilermakers, Blacksmiths, Builders of Rolling Stock, WellBoring Plant and Bridge Work. ^ & & & HAVE FOR SALE— Steam Crosscut Saws, Steam W i n c h :s, Hoisting Gear, Overhead and Derrick Cranes, Deep Well Cylinders and Pumping Plants.

SI ill under I ho Management of the Founder, W. ROBERTSON, who devotes his whole attention to the interests of his Supporters.


88

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji. TELEPHONE 8 7 P.O. BOX S I

SWAGMAN'

GOODS

ESTABLISHED A.D. I 8 S 4 .

UP-TO-DATE TENT, TARPAULIN. BAG A N D SAIL MANUFACTURERS. IMPORTERS OF CANVA5, CALICO.FISHING TACKLE A N D NETS. WIRE ROPE. MANILLA ROPE A N D BOATS GEAR.

(OPPOSITE

PEOPLES CASH

STORES

FISHING WETS and TWINES.

TOWNSVILLE.

SAILS—We have just installed a new Double-seaming .Machine for Boat Sails, and can quote for all classes at Low Rates. Only best thread is used in seaming—a good fit guaranteed. BOAT GEAR.—We stock all classes of Boat Gear, from Anchors to Rigging Wire. FISHING TACKLE.—Our stocks are imported direct from the most reliable English manufacturers, and are replete with every requisite for the general art. All Goods are manufactured to suit Northern conditions. NOTE.—" Swagman " Goods are sold by all reliable Storekeepers and are manufactured by . . .

WILLIAM MCKENZIE & co., TOWNSVILLE. -

-

.

.

.

_

,

.

.

. . . . . .

J. £r P. PEASE, Produce, Wine, Spirit £r General Merchants Sole Agents C

a r

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t Q n

XXX A l e

Coral Lager

j&

Townsville a«d Cairns, N.Q.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

BUCHANANS HOTEL STURT STREET, TOVINSVILLE

in

c*r>

r^

c/s

V5

HOT AND COLD BATHS, PLUNGE AND SHOWER.

A FIRST-CLASS HOTEL. Run on Modern Lines. H. E. SPENCE,

Proprietor.


90

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Flinders Street, Townsville, showing Burns, Philp & Co.'s Premises.

Inner Harbour, Townsville.

A.U.S.N. Co.'s s.s. " K u r a n d a " and s.s. " Mourilyan.


91

A.U.S.N. Co.s GUIDE.

Flinders Street, Townsville.

TOWNSVILLE.

T

OWNSVILLE, the commercial capital of Northern Queensland, en Cleveland Bay, is distant 748 miles north from Brisbane, and is the port for a vast area of mineral and pastoral country, s well as for great areas of sugar and fruit-growing lands. Tim opulation is over 15,000, and each year the town is making great dvancement. Although not favoured naturally as a port, the defect has been cmedied by the construction of a magnificent inner harbour at an normous expense, and dredging, and vessels drawing 24 feet, are ecommodated at the wharves. As the steamer approaches the breakwater coming across Cleveland Bay, one sees the huge bulk of Mount lliott to the south-east, with intermediate ranges, the abrupt cliffs f Mcunt Stuart and the precipitous face of Castle Hill rising above he city, with Cape Marlow or Pallarenda to the north and numerous islands dotting the bay. The railway line runs along the eastern breakwater, giving every acility for the handling of cargo, while passengers for the west go irect to the waiting carriages. The A.U.S.N. Company's steamers all erth here. Passengers for Charters Towers and western towns arrives by the Northern mail steameF " Bingera " transfer direct to railway arriages and proceed without delay. Leaving Brisbane by the Bingera " on Friday morning or mail train on Friday night one reaches harters Towers (82 miles) at 11.35 a.m. on Monday, three days'

journey at most from Brisbane, and the far west towns, Hughenden, Winton and Cloncurry are reached in a short time. Townsville has very fine hotels. Buchanan's Hotel in Sturt Street and the Queen's, fronting the Esplanade, are both splendid hotels, and Lowth's fine hotel in Flinders Street West is to be commended, while the Excelsior Hotel near the Post Office and the Great Northern Hotel near the Railway Station, both in Flinders Street, offer excellent accommodation to the general travelling public. In addition mention may well be made of Macree's Cafe and Oyster Rooms in Flinders Street, and also the Geisha Cafe (Miss E. Burrows), also in Flinders Street, where service is at hand for tourists and travellers. Townsville was founded in 1863 by J. M. Black, then manager for Captain Robert Towns, as a shipping port for the produce from his pastoral properties, and from that small start it has made its enormous progress. It is beautifully situated on the slopes of Castle Hill and the plain at its foot, and enjoys a climate which, for the cooler six months of the year, is perfection. In the summer months the mean temperature is one-tenth of a degree warmer than that of Brisbane; but the heat, though sometimes trying, is never unhealthy. The health statistics of the city are very satisfactory. Townsville has as yet few industries of its own, though there are busy foundries and sawmills and growing factories of furniture, clothing, sail-cloth, etc.

Townsville from Castle Hill.


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Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

BURNS, P I P X Company, Ltd. TQWNSVILLE BRANCH Shipping, Forwarding & Commission Agents.

General Merchants, Ship Owners.

REPRESENTED THROUGHOUT T H E WORLD. Tourist Agents for the State of New South Wales. Agents for Queensland Railway and Tourist Bureau throughout the States and New Zealand. AGENTS FOR LLOYD'S, LONDON.

Townsville Shipping Agencies: Australasian United Steam Navigation Co.,.Ltd. British-India S.N. Co., Ltd.

Burns, Philp Line of Steamers to Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, New Hebrides, Santa Cruz, Solomon Islands, Papua and Rabaul. Singapore Service and Ports in Java. . British Imperial Oil Co.'s Steamers. Commonwealth and Dominion Line Limited. Federal Steam Navigation Co., Ltd. New Zealand Shipping Company, Limited.

Queensland Royal Mail Line. Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. Mcllwraith, IWcEacharn & Co.'s West Australian Line. Eastern and Australian Steamship Co., Ltd. Nippon Yusen Kaisha (Japan Mail Line).

Agents for the British Imperial Oil Company. SHELL " MOTOR SPIRITS AND OILS.

MERCHANDISE Large Stocks of General Merchandise ~

DEPARTMENT.

Hardware, Wines and Spirits and Station Requirements.

SOLE AGENTS IN TOWNSVILLE FOR: Charles Heidsieck Champagne. Robertson's Wines and Sherries. Hans Irvine (Western Vineyard) Wines. Macleay Duff Whisky. Usher's O.V.G. Whisky. White Horse Cellars' Whisky. Crawford's V.O.G. Whisky. Red Star Rum. Jules Robins Brandy. Dog's Head (Bass) Ale.

Dog's Head (Guinness') Stout Victoria Bitter Ale (Bulk and Bottled). Victoria Silver Label Lager. Schweppes' Mineral Water and Cordials. Lysaght's Galvanised Iron and Wire Netting. Ryland's " Record " and " Bullock " Black and Galvanised Fencing Wire. Waukegan Barb Wire. Whitecross Galvanised and Black Wire. Andrew Dryden's Celebrated Vet. Medicines.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;


A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE.

93

Post Office, Townsville and sailing boats are available for picnic trips to Magnetic Island and other points of interest. The Q.M.E. Company's Meat Works are on Boss Biver, connected by rail with Townsville Jetty. The A.M.E. Company's Meat Works are on Alligator CreÂŤk to the south, and arc easily reached by rail and are worth a visit. The output of these works is the largest in Queensland, amounting to 15,000 tons of frozen beef and 7,000 tons of canned meats annually. The city is well equipped with business houses, including Messrs. Burns, Philp & Company, Limited, that great Australian trading concern, who have splendid premises near the wharves, and is a chief centre of North Queensland trade. The timber trade of Townsville is very great. Much of the timber of the Northern ports comes here, and a visit to the yards of Messrs. Chapman & Co., Ltd., Wilson, Hart & Co., Ltd., Hyne & Son, Ltd., etc., will give some insight to the timber wealth of the North.

The Jetty, Stanley Street, Townsville. Castle Hill, " Cudthoringa," forms a distinctive landmark, rising ,000 feet above the town, whilst, less prominent, Melton and Stanton ills, overlooking the sea, afford many eligible sites for the dwellings f citizens. The public buildings are many, and include School of \rts, a two-storey brick building in the centre of the town, with hall seating for 500, and library of over 3,000 volumes. There is an exâ&#x20AC;˘ellent Grammar School, Church of England, and Christian Bros. Schools nd four State Schools, besides St. Joseph's Convent Schools conducted y the nuns. The Anglican Cathedral is a fine building, with residence f Bishop of North Queensland. The Catholic Church is an imposing ; tructure. Other denominations are represented by substantial buildups. The principal place of amusement is the Theatre Royal, seating ver 1,000. Amongst other buildings there is a fine Hospital overpoking the Bay, Supreme Court on Melton Hill, also facing the sea, own Hall and Custrm House, one of the finest in Queensland. The nstitute of Tropical Medicine is situated in the hospital grounds. The ailway station is at the western end of Flinders Street, the main horoughfare of the city. The Queen's Park, opposite the Hospital, as a large bush-house, containing some remarkably fine orchids. oss Creek, navigable for small vessels, intersects the city, communiation being by bridge or ferry to Ross Island (really South Townsi'le). Cleveland Bay affords splendid scope for yachting; launches

Sheep on the Western Downs.

Proserpine Central Sugar M i l l . On the Herbert River, Ingham. Kalamia M i l l , Lower Burdekin,

' .


94

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

On a Western River. Gill Street, Charters Towers.

Native Companions, etc., in Lissner Park, Charters Towers. There is a storage tank upon the Magazine Island Hill of a capacity of 75,000 gallons, and being situated at a high level theie is a good pressure of water at the wharves. This supplies water to the shipping at all wharves. The trade of the port is very large, the exports amount to about £2,000,000, the chief items being: Meats, £900,000; copper, £350,000; tallow, £190,000; wool, £185,000; gold, £41,800. The imports amount to about £800,000, showing a difference to credit of £1,200,000. The number of vessels berthing at the wharves total 1,067, with a gross tonnage of 2,333,434 tons. Included in this are the steamers of the oversea lines which regularly trade to the port, A.U.S.N., B.I.S.N., Federal and Shire Lines, E. & A., Burns, Philp & Co., etc.

OWNSVILLE WESTWARD.—The Great Northern Railway line starts from the west end of Flinders Street, crossing the ReiJ River and passing Sellheim, where there are large meal works. At Ravenswood Junction a branch line runs south-west to Ravenswood, the centre of a large mineral belt, wherein gold, silve.'. copper, bismuth, etc., have been unearthed in considerable quantities, a most interesting district for mining men. Charters Towers, on the main line, 82 miles from Townsville, is the premier goldfleld of Queensland, upwards of £27,000,000 of gold having been unearthed from its numerous reefs since its discovery in 1S72. The altitude of the city is 1,004 feet and the climate is pleasant; even in summer, hot days are invariably succeeded by cool nights. The town is well supplied with water obtained from the Upper Burdek:n River, across which a splenuid weir has been built. The streets and dwellings are lighted by gas and electricity. The business places are thoroughly up-to-date. West from Charters Towers the traveller enters upon the great open plain of the interior, that vast stretch of meadow lands which reach from the Gulf of Carpentaria to the southern borders of the State, the home of millions of sheep and cattle. For hundreds of mile* the scene is one of continuous fertility, progressive townships a« many, some of considerable size, as Hughenden (236 miles), Richmon (307 miles) and Winton—the terminus of the branch line from Hugiienden—368 miles from Townsville. The great copper mining district of Cloncurry is reached by the main line at 480 miles, with branch lines going out to the various mining centres of this wonderful country —Malbon, Hampden, Friezland, Mt. Elliott, Duchess, Mt. Cuthbert, ?tc. From Townsville southward theTe extends a railway line to Bowen passing through the great sugar-growing district of the Burdekin delta Northward from Townsville a section of the North Coast line to tap the splendid country on the Herbert River is in course of construction, and will ultimately be connected with the Cairns line.

T

Fort Constantine Cattle, travelling on the Western Plains

from Cloncurry,


§5

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

Queensland Meat Export Co.'s W o r k s , Ross River, T o w n s v i l l e .

TOWNSVILLE TO CAIRNS.

N

ORTH from Townsville one enters into the realm of the great scenic beauties of tropical Queensland, and has a first glimpse of all that radiant colour which Nature has bestowed on this northern coast. Till you have seen these tropic lands and seas you know not what gorgeous harmonising colour schemes, what tints of splendour Nature can arrange. The route by the Palm Islands, Lucinda Point, the famous Hinchinbrook Channel, Cardwull, Mourilyan Harbour, the Johnstone River, and on to Cairns is a succession of wonderful scenery the whole way. Here Nature in its wildest form may be studied in easy comfort, a thousand square miles of rich tropical jun|le may be roamed through, wild mountain peaks climbed and gorges explored to one's heart's content; while tropical industries—sugar and banana cultivation—may be viewed amid most picturesque surroundings. LUCINDA POINT AND INGHAM. Leaving the Townsville Jetty Wharf by the A.U.S.N. Co.'s fine steamer " Kuranda " on Mondays—after the arrival of the southern mail steamer—we go northward past Bay Rock light, a white fixed light, red sector, visible 15 miles, reaching the beautiful Palm Islands, at about 40 miles, a fitting gateway to the beauties which keep ^vith the vessel the whole northern way. From here to Lucinda Poi^t Jetty,

the port for the Herbert River district, opposite the southern end of Hinchinbrook Island, is a distance of 10 miles. At Lucinda Point the tramway of the C.S.R. Company witli locomotive connects with Halifax and Ingham, the main centres; but the time allowed for the steamers unloading at this point does not admit of more than a short run, for which special arrangements can be made. Sugarcane cultivation is carried on extensively in this district, particularly on the Stone River, Victoria Estate, Macknade, Ripple Creek, Cordelia, and Halifax. The Colonial Sugar Refining Company has two mills—the Victoria Mill and the Mackenzie Mill. There is immense mineral wealth in the district, but, so far, the silver, tin, antimony, and wolfram fields at Monut Benham, Kangaroo Hills, Ewan, Waverley, etc., have not by any means been fully developed. Some day these localities may become a regular " Eldorado." The scenic splendours of the district around the Herbert River, which is 128 miles long, are superb, there being numerous waterfalls and beauty spots close handy. On Hinchinbrook Island the Cascade Falls is well worth a visit, and as a health resort the Kangaroo Hills country cannot be excelled, while Bishop's Peak and Mount Leach, a little north of Ingham, rise to the height of 2,730 feet. The merchant firm of Prank Frascr, Ingham, one of the oldest firms in the North, will furnish any information relative to this great district.

FRANK FRASEBv IVINE, SPIRIT AND GENERAL MERCHANT.

S H I P P I N G , CUSTOMS, F O R W A R D I N G AND GENERAL

AGENT.

GOODS FORWARDED TO ALL PARTS O F THE WORLD. We are prepared to handle the Sale of your products in NORTH QUEENSLAND.

AGENT FOR INGHAM AND HERBERT DISTRICT.

Australasian Steam Navigation Co., Ltd. Orient Steam Navigation Co., Ltd. Union Steamship Company of New Zealand Ltd. Massey-Harris Farming Implements. Cooper Engineering Company of Sydney Ltd. Cable and Telegraphic Address: FRASER, INGHAM, QUEENSLAND.

Branches at Townsville, Allingham and Ingham.


96

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Bernard Islands.

Main Street, Ingham.

INCHINBROOK CHANNEL.—Leaving Lucinda Point, the vessel immediately enters that great sea-river known as the Hinchinbrook Channel. To the west, over mangrove flats, rise, higher and higher, the jungle-covered lands marking the slopes of the coast range, whose peaks tower in serried ranks in the near distance. Eastward, close to the vessel's side, rises by slope and steep escarpment the great island of Hinchinbrook, in area 135 square miles, with giant peaks rising to the clouds—Mt. Bowen, 3,650 feet; Mt. Pitt, 3,250 feet; Mt. Diamantina, 3,160 feet; and Mt. Fairlock, 2,990 feet. Travelling the 15 miles of ever-altering channel, one sees the island in all its beauty and ever-changing grandeur, a wild land, scarce explored, a region of tropical verdure without compare, with great cliffs, and tumbling waters from huge heights. Peaks are toned down by cloud and sunshine, at another the peaks stand out clear and defiant, as if challenging Alpine tourist to attempt their conquest. For weeks at a time in the rainy season the mountain crags are lost to view in dense white mist, and racing streams come chasing down the rocky sides. It is here that Nature has hidden her rarest orchids and choicest botanical specimens. For the ardent botanist, Hinchinbrook—the Hin-

H

chinbrook that lie can climb—is a rare hunting ground, with evidence that inaccessible Mount Hinchinbrook is a paradise of rare floral splendour. Past this mountain-island on the one other side, the vessel seems to pick its way through a glory-studded sea. ARDWELL.—Towards the northern end the channel increases in width, and soon the tourist comes to Cardwell, once the " farthest north " in Australia, built on the southern shores of Rockingham Bay. Cardwell once was a place that expected to attain considerable importance, but an inaccessible mountain range behind it directed the trade of the back country to Cairns. Trade, however, is increasing. The district embraces the rich valleys of the Murray and Tully.Rivers—thousands of acres of magnificent soil highly suitable for tropical agriculture scarce touched and at such low prices a? will no doubt attract settlers. There are large quantities of bananas and other tropical fruits shipped from here. The mountains which come close in to the sea here contain some magnificent scenery. Cardfell has some claim to historical interest. From this port on Rockingham Bay in May. I*i.«. started the party of explorers under the leader-

C

Laycock Island Hinchinbrook Channel.


A.U.S.N. Co.s GUIDE

97

Entrance to Mourilyan Harbour. sliip of Edmund Kennedy, surveyor of much experience under Lieut.Col. Mitchell, to explore Cape York Peninsula. Untold hardships was with them the whole way, culminating in the death of the leader and almost all the party in December of the same year, and the courage and devotion of the native tracker, Jacky, whose faithful devotion to his leader is a bright star in aboriginal history. Later, there was the wreck of the " Maria,'' brig., on the Barrier Reef. The terrible privation of those on a raft that beached on the north side of the Johnstone River, the landing and massacre of the boat's crew on the south side of that river, and the rescue of the survivors of the raft by Captain Moresby, of H.M.S. " Basilisk," are matters of history. All these waters, though, are charged with romance and history known to old residents and shipmasters, whose stories will help to add interest to this wonderful journey. OURILYAN HARBOUR.—From this bay, land-locked by the northern promontory of Hinchinbrook Island, we pass in succession Gould, the Family Group, Dunk, and then 20 miles north the South and North Barnard Islands, all beautiful in their tropical setting. Then, shortly after, we head apparently for destruction. Great mountains rise sheer from the water's edge, breakers beat upon the rocky cliffs, a swirl of waters mark where reef or shoal trouble a swift flowing current; but still the vessel calmly holds its way. Then the land opens out and between a narrow gateway, as it were, with wonderful jungle-covered hills rising up hundreds of feet on each side we enter beautiful Mourilyan Harbour and draw up to the long jetty, which stretches out into a land-locked bay whose entrance and surroundings mark it the perfection of a pirate's lair. This picturesque harbour was discovered by Captain Moresby, of the survey ship, " Basilisk." On three sides the harbour is sheltered by wooded hills. Between those hills and another on the south-east— a green and grassy mound—there runs a picturesque and charming valley. The entrance from the sea is by a winding channel, but 70

M

Lucinaa Point to cairns and Port Douglas. feet wide but of great depth, through which the current swirls and fumes and dashes in lashing eddies. Flowing into this pretty inlet is the shallow Moresby River. Thirty years ago it was believed that Mourilyan would be the beauty town of Australia. The dense vinescrub was cleared, and high prices were paid for building allotments. But the vine-scrub and the jungle burst up again, and it would be difficult now to find the surveyor's pegs that marked the boundaries of the town. NNISFAIL;—Mourilyan is now the port for Innisfail (Geraldtou), on the Johnstone River, witli which it is connected by a narrow gauge line which also branches south to the Mourilyan Sugar Mill and the South Johnstone Central Sugar Mill, and west some 1G miles inland through beautiful tropical scenery the whole way. On this line also are some splendid falls, the district being noted for its

I

Innisfail, Johnstone River, the scene of the great cyclone of 1918.


98

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

r -'P^r^TJZ'J^

low hills or marks the entrance to some quiet creek whose head is a rushing torrent in the mountains, and then again for many miles low shores of mangrove edge a deep sweep of hills which semi-circle beneath bare cliff and cloud-topped range. The whole scene is one of marvellous and entrancing beauty. It is along this coast that the short rivers emptying into the Pacific Ocean every few miles between Cardwell and Cooktown have their birth, the tropical scrubs themselves constituting a veritable paradise for the botanist and the lover of wild and beautiful scenery. The surroundings are remarkably rich in possibilities for c-ultivation. The rich soil of the tableland some 3,000 feet'above the sea level, and within i7 J degrees of the equator, has in ample rainfall, and is capable of producing all the fruits and vegetables of the temperate zone.

Cowley Jetty, between Cardwell and Mourilyan. rainfall, sometimes aggregating 150 inches in the year, and also for the disastrous cyclone of 1918, when the whole of the township i>ecaine a scene of wreckage in a short hour. Innisfail is in a beautiful position on a long ridge overlooking the Johnstcne River, whose broad stream comes down from the Bartle Frere Range, whose peak—5,438 feet—is the highest in Queensland, through a hundred miles of the richest lands in Australia. The timber industry is most important here, there being enormous quantities of cedar, beach, silky oak. bean md other valuable timbers of the district. Wonderful returns are obtained from the sugar industry, the fields of sugarcane stretching for miles on either bank of the Johnstone and South Johnstone Rivers. For scenery this district stands equal to any in the State, and a tourist can travel for miles amid scenes of marvellous beauty on every side. In the enchanting scenes along the Johnstone River one has broken into a kind of fairyland. Here the photographer, botanist, the entomologist, the butterfly-collector, the orchid-seeker, and the sightseer might spend days in ever-increasing pleasure. It is a district that is gorgeously majestic, and has a soil a thousand square miles in area asti nishingTy, productive. OURILYAN TO CAIRNS.—The coast from Cardwell northward to Cairns is bold and picturesque in the extreme, the mountains being high with steep sides clothed for the most part with thick jungle to their summits except where some catyclasm has torn off a huge face of mountain, leaving a great cliff bare to the sky. Sometimes a long shelf of rocks rises from the ocean, black teeth in an emerald sea, at others a beautiful white beach stretches beneith

M

On Liverpool Creek, South of Mourilyan Harbour.

Cricket on an A.U.S.N. Co.'s Steamer.


99

A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE. Australians are beginning to recognise that they do not need to go outside Australia for furniture making and fancy woods because the above timbers which, with many other less well-known varieties, all grow in North Queenslan 1 are not excelled by any of the imported kinds either in beauty of figure or suitability for the purpose.

^r

M I L L SIDING, -SHOWING

RAILWAY

DELIVERY

OF

LOGS

r^o

NORTH QUEENSLAND TIMBERS KAURI RED CEDAR

MAPLE BLACK BEAN

BRISBANE— MOXON^& COMPANY LIMITED, 399 Queen Street. SYDNEY— MOXON & COMPANY (Sydney) LIMITED, 19 Euncan Street. MELBOURNE— V. P. TRAPP &;COMPANY,'.375 Flinders Lane.

SILKY OAK SILKWOOD

ADELAIDE— COLLIN & COMPANY PROPRIETARY LIMITED. North Terrace PERTH— C. H. WILSON, Railway Parade, OR TO— THE GENERAL MANAGER, Cairns Timber Limited, CAIRNS.

Cairns Timber Limited

SKIDS FOR SORTING A N D GRADING, A N D A PORTION OF S T A C K I N G

I

YARD

has made a study of preparing these timbers for the Australian Market and their Sawmills, which are the largest and best equipped in North Queensland, convert large quantities daily for shipment to places in Australia and overseas. They have established Agencies in all the Capital Cities of Australia, where the timbers are stocked and any enquiries as to prices or other particulars addressed to the Agency in the State of the enquirer will receive prompt attention.


100

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

COMING'S CAIRNS... THE LEADING NORTH QUEENSLAND

CAFE

Situated opposite the Post Office and a few minutes walk from Wharves and Railway Station. PHONE

161.

FRUITS in abundance, Tropical and Southern. CONFECTIONER Y~the best British, French, American and Australian Manufactures REFRESHMENTSâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;We have the Finest Marble Fountain in Australia, and dispense every kind of FRUIT JUICE DRINKS.

AFTERNOON TEA A SPECIALITY. SUPPER

ROOMS

MOST

UP-TO-DATE.

This Cafe being well Lighted and Ventilated with Fans, etc., throughout, makes it an Ideal

TROPICAL RETREAT for Tourists and Visitors to CAIRNS.

SUN WO TIY,

CAIRNS. Wholesale

The House for the Tourist to securel the finest China Silks, TEA SETS, Carved Pearl Shell Work, etc.

Market Gardeners and

Fruit Merchant Specialists for over 30 years. Every thing a guaranteed i fresh and of good quality. Supplies may be obtained all the year round.

Fancy Pearl Buttons and Shell Buttons a Speciality. Also numerous Chinese Curios.

SHIPPING SUPPLIED.

Chinese Merchants

PHONE

134

THE CHOICEST OF TROPICAL FRUITS ALWAYS ON SALE.


101

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

Headrick, Limited,

J.CTjassall&Co. Insurance Underwriters

CAIRNS and TOLGA

QUEENSLAND. (Oldest Underwriting Firm in Queensland.)

P.O.

Box 116.

TELEGRAPHIC ADORESS: 'HEADRICK,'CAIRNS

Telephone 9 1 .

Scottish Union and National Insurance Coy. Established IS34

Maritime Insurance Co. (Marine). All descriptions oi Insurance transacted. Rates the lowest obtainable

Produce Merchants Forwarding Agents Timber Merchants

GENERAL AGENCY DEPARTMENT.

As all are aware, the Government have deprived us of the whole of our Workers' Compensation Business by making it compulsory for all Employers of Labour to insure with them. We are, therefore, extending our business to a General Agency Department, through which we hope to recoup the leeway. People away from the Metropolis, not fully conversant with up-to-date business methods, and are desirous of obtaining information, are at a great disadvantage. To such we offer our services. Owing to our long and intimate knowledge of Queensland affairs, we are in a position to offer unequalled service to those desiring either buying, selling, or general agents, or information upon any matter requiring attention. The confidence placed in our firm by the Insurance Companies, for whom we are Chief Attorneys in Queensland, is a guarantee for faithful service and an assurance that any business entrusted to us will receive prompt attention and be of advantage to our clients. Correspondence is invited in the above regard and which will be dealt with promptly.

AGENCIES:— Biboohra Meat Export Co., L t d . T h e r m o Electric O r e Reduction W o r k s . Malthoid Roofing.

All Classes of Fertilizers and Manures Stocked.

J. O. H A S S A L L &* OO. London Bank Chambers

Queen and Creek Streets 8^"WBWIglJII3KI8MgWlffli^^

• • • _ ;

-

When you arrive at Cairns, be sure to g o and s e e . . . .

OWEN WHITTICK, Bookseller, Stationer and Tobacconist Opposite G.P.O.

ABBOTT

- - - BRISBANE

STREET,

And next door to Craig's P h a r m a c y ,

CAIRNS. Here you c a n g e t all t h e latest S o u t h e r n P a p e r s and Magazines. W e also stock all t h e h i g h e s t grade

Cigars, Tobaccos and Cigarettes. I n f o r m a t i o n about t h e Cairns District readily given to all T o u r i s t s and Visitors.

CAIRNS tlOTu IMPERIAL .

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THE LARGEST AND MOST COMFORTABLE HOTEL IN NORTH QUEENSLAND. Large and well-lighted Sample Room* Excellent Accommodation for Tourists.'Commercials, and the General Travelling Public CORRESPONDENCE.

PROMPTLY

ATTENDED T O .

TERMS FROM 8*. T O IOs. 6d. PER D A Y . Splendid Assortment of

Local View Post Cards on Sale

The above Hotel is under the Personal Managemnnt of Miss N . FOX Porter meets all Trains and Steamers.

Telephone No, 52.


102

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiii.

^te Cairns f nst an* W$i Jlnrtbmt Herald (A LIVE AND INDEPENDENT DAILY MORNING NEWSPAPER).

(ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY). CIRCULATING THROUGHOUT

the great Walsh am! Tjnaroo Mineral Fields, the Hodgkjnson, Etheridge, Gulf, and Cook Goldfields, and the whole of the Extensive Mining Territory of which Cairns is the Port. Throughout New Guinea, and al.su in the Pastoral Districts and in every Agricultural and Sugar Growing Centre in North Queensland.

THE

SPECIAL

FEATURES

of the "CAIRNS POST" and "NORTHERN HERALD" are their Full and Reliable Reports, of MINING DEVELOPMENTS; AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION and CURRENT EVENTS; their Telegraphic and Cable News and their Independent Policy of full and fair comment on all matters o f Public Importance.

"THE

CAIRNS

POST"

AND

"HERALD"

offer the Best Medium for Advertising to MANUFACTURERS OF MINING, AGRICULTURAL, DAIRYING and other MACHINERY' and APPLIANCES, being read in every Town, Station, Farm, Homestead, and Mining Camp throughout the Far North, as well as by Capitalists, Investors, Mining and Business Men and others, at home ami abroad.

SUBSCRIPTION AND ADVERTISING RATES ON APPLICATION TO THE MANAGER. N O T E . â&#x20AC;&#x201D; S p e c i m e n Copies w i t h m a r k e d spaces s e n t w h e n

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required.

CAIRNS POST" LIMITED, Abbott St., CAIRNS

STRAND HOTEL, CAIKNS, NORTH

QUEENSLAND.

Facing the Sea.

C.T. A.

Situated in Healthiest part of the

Best of Wines and Spirits kept.

House.

Town.

Handy to] Boat and f Train.

T h e only Hotel in

Fitted throughout with Electric Light.

GEO. R. PRATT, Proprietor

Cairns or hinterland Lit by Electricity.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

103

BURNS, PHILP & COMPANY Ltd., GENERAL MERCHANTS,

Shipping, Insurance, and Forwarding Agents,

C A I R N S

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D I S T R I B U T I N G AGENTS

AGENTS FOR:

AUSTRALASIAN UNITED STEAM NAVIGATION CO., LTD. BRITISH-INDIA STEAM NAVIGATION CO., LTD. EASTERN & AUSTRALIAN S.S. CO., LTD. BURNS, PHILP & CO.'S Singapore and Island Lines. FEDERAL STEAM NAVIGATION CO., LTD. NIPPON YUSEN KAISHA S.S. CO. PENINSULAR & ORIENTAL STEAM NAVIGATION CO. UNION STEAM NAVIGATION CO., LTD. SPECIAL TOURISTS'

DEPARTMENT.

Passengers booked to all parts of the World. Letters of Credit arranged payable throughout the World. T O U R I S T A G E N T S FOR T H E S T A T E G O V E R N M E N T OF N E W SOUTH W A L E S

ft

-OR:

" A N C H O R " BRAND PORTLAND CEMENT ' E n g l i s h ) . C.S.R. CO.'s SUGARS and SYRUPS. LYSAGHT'S GALVANISED IRON, WIRE NETTING, BARB WIRE NAILS, Etc. STEWART & LLOYD'S L. & L. PIPING and FITTINGS. LEVER BROS.' " SUNLIGHT " OILCAKE, SOAPS, Etc. BAILIE, NTCOL, .TARVIE WHISKY. McLEAY DUFF SPECIAL LIQUEUR CREAM WHISKY. MACKIE'S WHITE HORSE CELLAR, TWO CAPES, and V.R.O Ii WHISKIES. AINSLIE'S ROYAL EDINBURGH WHISKY. CXRLSBURG DANISH LAGER. PKNFOLD'S WINES and BRANDY. " DOG'S HEAD " BASS' ALE and GUINNESS' STOUT. USHER'S SPECIAL RESERVE and GREEN STRIPE WHISKY.

R

L a r g e and varied s t o c k s of all L e a d i n g L i n e s of

Wines and Spirits, Groceries, Produce, Ironmongery, Agricultural and Mining*Requisites, Station Supplies, Drapery, Boots, Shoes, &c, always on hand.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

104 »

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Photo: Handiey &• Atkinson. Cairns.

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On the Mossman River.

Barron Falls, Cairns.

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A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

105

CAIRNS. THE TOURIST, MINING AND AGRICULTURAL CENTRE OF NORTH QUEENSLAND. FTER passing the rocky headland of Cape Grafton we enter Trinity Bay and see the white-roofed town lying along the sea front, with the near-by jungle-covered range rising up by dark terrace and spur to 3,000 feet behind. That route of scenic wonder, the Cairns Railway Line, HPS a white streak along the range side 500 feet up. Cairns, the centre of some of the grandest tropical scenery in the world, is 908 N.N.W. of Brisbane, and about 160 miles north of Townsville. The harbour has good water and plenty of sea room. The approach is by a dredged channel 4J miles in length, 200 feet wide, and 14 feet at L.W.S., marked by black beacons. The tidal rise varies from 2 to 8 feet. The Barron River, on which are the famous falls, enters Trinity Bay, about two miles north. This river is navigable for small craft only, under 7 feet, for about 5 miles from the mouth of the Cairns Inlet. At the south end of the bay is a wide arm of the bay several miles long, Cairns Inlet, which could contain a navy in its land-locked waters. The wharfage accommodation is excellent. The A.U.S.N. vessels berth close to the main street, which stretches north from the sea front, the Esplanade keeping along the beach, a wide road with beautiful aspects of sea, island, great mountain and craigy headland. Great improvements have been made in this town during the

A

last few years, and has now some most handsome structures, well fitting the beautiful surroundings, and the magnificent mining, farming, and pastoral hinterland. What varied inducements are here for a visitor to make a prolonged stay can be understood by the list alone of the districts and interests served by railway lines from this port. All trade and commerce centres here, from the rich sugar lands of the Mulgrave and Russell Rivers to the south, the sugar and tropical fruit lands to Kuranda along this first and wildly picturesque section of the western line, the farming lands of the Atherton and Evelyn tablelands, the mineral areas of Herberton, Mt. Molloy, Irvinebank, Stannary, Mt. Garnet, Kooboora, Mt. Mulligan, Chillagoe, and the Etheridge and the splendid timber country which stretch from its doors for hundreds of miles to north, south and west. Here are millions of feet of cedar, maple, beech, silky oak, bean, walnut, crowsfoot elm, pencil cedar, and a hundred other marketable timbers, some of the ornamental timbers being the finest in the world, as will be recognised by a visit to the great yards of the Cairns Timber Co, Limited, an objectlesson of the timber resources of this great district. The town is well laid out and is up-to-date in all matters of public life. A Town Council looks after municipal needs, and there is a full roster of public officials for Government administration. The hotels are among the

Abbott Street, Cairns. \


Scenes in the Cairns District.


107

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE. (Inest in Australia, and visitors will appreciate the comfort which is available. Of these may be specially mentioned the Strand Hotel, near 1 tic beautiful beach, and the Imperial, overlooking the Bay, both of which have excellent accommodation. Motor cars meet the steamers, and -are for hire at reasonable charge, and every attention is paid to limrists. Good bathing, boating and fishing is close at hand, while journeys by motor launch or railway to the various places of interestare easily arranged.

KURANDA, BARRON FALLS, and the WESTERN DISTRICTS. HE journey from Cairns is a series of delights and surprises. To the foot of the range groves of banana, citrus fruits, paw-paw and mango trees, fields of sugarcane, pineapples and corn, with pretty residences set on the hillsides are with us the whole charming way, marked off by tropical jungle, towering palms and heavy umbrageous trees. To the west rises tier upon tier of hills ending in towering range along whose sides we soon commence to climb amidst a scenic feast witnessed only in tropic lands and, best <â&#x20AC;˘! all, on this Cairns line. By chasms and cliffside, mountain torrent a:;J dizzy gorge edge we rise higher and higher overlooking great

T

Mulgrave River, Cairns.

Mining Scenes West of Cairns. scenes of marvellous grandeur. There are 47 bridges on this section and 15 tunnels, each bridge an outlook over wonderful scenery and ?ach tunnel a gateway to a marvellous view. So we climb on to where

Barron River, near Cairns.

along the cliffedge of the great Barron gorge we overlook a most wonderful panorama of deep gorge, ending in the great plain through which the silver stream of the Barron River is seen. Looking eastward is Cairns and the great Trinity Bay, from Cape Grafton to Double Island, with, on the land side, encircling mountains from the great Bartle Frere Range in the south, to this up which one steadily climbs. Through several more tunnels and more tropical delights and we pass almost beneath Stoney Creek Palls, whese crystal waters spraying the carriage on a windy day, falls from a smooth face of rock a hundred feet above to the depths beneath the bridge, and then, by wonderful cascades to further depths, beneath wonderful vegetation which thickly clothe the deeper gorge sides. A graceful, silvery cascade of water which for beauty vies with the Barron Falls. Further on past more wild scenery we skirt beneath the great cliff of the Red Bluff and here still skirting the Barron gorge we pass the Glacier rock, a forbidding dame, and then still amidst wild scenery cross Surprise Creek by a line which could fittingly be named " Aeriel." A wonderful expense of range scenery is had from here with cascades and waterfalls embowered in lovely tropical foliage. The line was built by Railway Contractor Robb, and to commemorate this great engineering feat, which cost upwards of one and a-half million, the navvies left at the side of the line a great shaft of rock standing some 12 feet in lonely isolation, termed " Robb's Monument."


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

ID8

Williams' Lake Eacham Hotel YUNGABURRA

CAIRNS (North Queensland) ADJACENT TO THE POST AND TELEGRAPH OFFICE, BANK, AND SCHOOL OF ARTS. TELEPHONE N o . 1 In Connection with Cairns.

A FIRST-CLASS RESORT FOR HEALTH, REST OR PLEASURE. Large, well ventilated Rooms, tastefully furnished throughout.

EXCELLENT TABLE KEPT.

Opposite the Railway Station.

Daily Train Service to and from Cairns and Kuranda.

BEST WINES AND SPIRITS ONLY KEPT.

Visitors, Tourists and Travellers are assured of every comfort and attention.

The centre for viewing the Wonderful Lakes, " Eacham " and " Barrine," the Fertile Tablelands, and the North Queensland Scrubs and Timber Country. Yungaburra is situated at an altitude of 2,283 feet. The Famous Lakes Eacham and Barrine are within easy distance of the Hotel. The roads to the Lakes are long avenues, with stately trees on both sides, giving a cool refreshing shade the journey through. Many weird tales are related about Lake Eacham by the aboriginals. There is neither inlet nor outlet to this lake, and the depth is unknown. The general opinion is that it is a crater of an extinct volcano. Lake Barrine has an area of 256 acres and, like its sister lake, is almost surrounded with gigantic trees, around which the intricate and beautiful foliage clings, making an almost impenetrable veil. Visitors to North Queensland should not miss visiting Yungaburra and these lakes. Vehicles are always available at the Hotel.

/

*


A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE. THE BARRON FALLS. This Robb's Monument is passed a short distance before the train draws up at Barron Falls Station, and, walking but a few yards, we look over one of the most wonderful sights of the world and Nature's masterpiece in x\ustraliaâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the Barron Fallsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;on the edge of the plateau 1,065 feet above sea level and 19 miles from Cairns. A roar of waters meet the ears as you step from the train, and soon by a well-formed path which curves down the ridge and then stops abruptly on a small plateau, we stand opposite the awe-inspiring view ol tliis great cataract of waters, tumbling from the quiet river above, dashing by rock and moss-grown buttress, down 800 feet to the depths below, making a M'ene magnificent in its grandeur. Kuranda, 2 miles on, is the stopping place for tourists, and set in lovely surroundings, a beautiful climate, with splendid accommodation m the hotels adjacent to. the station, it has become a recognised sanitorium of the North. It is the rule for visitors to make a stay of a day or two, it forming a good centre from which to view the various points of magnificent interest in the vicinity. Remilton's Kuranda Hotel, overlooking the river, close to the line, offers every convenience and comfort to visitors. Passing onward by railway from Kuranda one comes to Biboorha, from which station a branch line runs to Mount Molloy. Six miles farther on is Mareeba, with another branch line, which the tourist will follow. The main line goes on to that colossal mineral belt which extends from Herborton on the one side to Chillagoc on the other, and onwards to the Etheridge gold and mineral field. The tourist line, however, leaves Mareeba and taps the famous Herberton country and the Atherton and Evelyn Scrub. This is no longer a tropical climate. These places are on top of the great plateau, and while enjoying a temperate climate they have all the advantages of tropical fertility. About 18 miles from Mareeba is Tolga, from which place a line branches off to the South Johnstone River, and brings the tourist to Lake Eacham, one of Nature's curiosities, and to Barrine. Eacham is a violet lake with a charm all of its own. Once it was the crater of an active volcano that belched out Are and lava streams and red-hot stones. Peace has succeeded that fiery fury. Eacham, the Unfathomable, to-day is a scene of beautiful peace. Its sister lake of Barrine also is another of the sights of this delightful region. Taking the south-going line from Mareeba the visitor passes through the far-famed Atherton Scrub with its cedars and rosewood

109

Carting Ore from the Vulcan Mine, Irvinebank. [ P h o t o H. Keith Maxwell. and satinwood, its ferns and orchids and flowering vines, with festoons of radiant blossom reaching from the ground to the tops of the forest giants around which the creeping things have clambered. From Atherton a branch line goes west to Herberton, nearly 3,000 feet above sealevel, and flourishing in a climate as temperate as that of Tasmania, then passing through a country of rare fertility the Evelyn tableland is reached, which can claim its distinctive beauties in the Millstream and other Falls at the head of the Herbert River, and the Tully Falls, a few miles farther on, which has one of the grandest canyons in the district.

YOUNGABURRA.

In the Bellenden Ker Range.

[Photo A. A. White.

From Atherton the lirst mentioned line continues south past Vuungaburra to the terminus Tarzali, 92 miles from Cairns. Youngabuirra, 75 miles from Cairns and 2,283 feet above sealevel, is the usual stop-off place. Here is the Lake Eacham Hotel, one of the best in the North, and which is a centre from whence the whole of this rich area can be visited, including those gems of weird s c e n e r y Lakes Eacham, Barrine and Katrina. The hotel, store and butcher's shop, and much of the country adjacent is held in the Estate of H. §. Williams, Ltd., a progressive firm who have also branches at vairious centres of this great country. Thie climate here is delightful the whole year round, and the scenery magnificent. Special trips to the various centres are arranged by the manager of the Lake Eacham Hotel, Mr. Kehoe, whose courtesy and advice is to be praised. One special trip is taken by all visitors through the archways of Nature's magnificent beauty to Lake Eacham. The four-mile drive to Lake Eacham passes up the hill to the State School, and then enters the marvellous scrub lands of this Northern plateau. The sunlight only filters through the dense overhanging avenues of jungle, the soil underfoot is nearly always moist. Gigantic fig and bean trees are festooned with most graceful creepers, Nature's magnificent archways of beauty, great clumps of staghorn and orchids which cling to the giant trunks and limbs of the forest kings. The track is a very narrow one, cut in this scrub, and its rough inclines and sharp turns and twists are rather trying to sensitive nerves, but it at length emerges into a comparatively clearing and ends at the edge of Lake Eacham. Here the dark waters, Abysmal, of


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

110

Lake Eacham, Yungaburra. Lake Barrine. the now extinct crater, stretch out to the jungle-covered banks 01 ridge and spur a part of the Johnstone River ranges, which str*tch for miles upon either side. On dull days a scene of weird magnificence, but when the sunlight strikes the waters and its leafly framework, a scene of grandeur hard to compare and which one is loath to leave. Throughout the whole trip from Cairns a new world has been revealing itself to the visitor from the South. No man who has seen the grandeur pile upon grandeur, and who has feasted his eyes upon the myriad hues of this country, is ever likely to forget it. Still farther out, amidst the copper lodes of Chillagoe, there are the beautiful Chillagoe Caves, now under Government supervision, which are amazing in their stalictitic wonders, and bewildering in their labyrinthine passages. The branch lines to the Mt. Mulligan Coal Mines, the Stannary Hills and wildly-picturesque Irvinebank mining district, find the line to Mt. Garnet silver lead mines, with its route through the curious ant hill country offers a wealth of interest. Some 8 miles east of Mt. Garnet are the famous Innott Hot Springs, noted for their cu.-ative properties for rheumatism. Queenslanders living in the North are loud in their praises of the wonderful virtues of the waters. From Cairns a trip should be taken along the Mulgrave line, which goes south through beautiful scenery, past great sugar fields and several sugar mi" 3. It runs almost parallel with the coast, but separated from it by a chain of mountains, crosses the Mulgrave River njar the township of Nelson, 14 miles from Cairns, and follows the course of that river in a southerly direction to its junction with the Russell, a must picturesque stream, thence up the valley of the Russell, crossing in its course Harvey's Junction, Frenchman, and Babinda Creeks, and is being continued toward Innisfail as part of the great North Coas. Railway Line. At Babinda township is a State Government speculation by way of an hotel under State control and Government direction. On the coast side are the Murray Prior Range, Grey Peaks, and the Graham Range: whilst on the western side are Walsh's Pyramid, standing boldly up from the valley, Mount Sophia, Bellenden-Ker, with its three

Double Island Point, Cairns.

prominent peaks, the middle being the highest, 5,500 feet, and i;ÂŤt but not least, Mount Bartle Frere, the highest mountain in the State. Oown the valley Hows the Mulgrave River in a southerly direction, with the Russell River, Harvey's, Babinda, and other creeks a= tributaries. The ascent of Bellender-Ker does not present any insuperable difficulties, and is a trip well worth taking. A guide is necessary, and from Harvey's Creek the distance is only 10 miles. The Yarrabah Mission Station (under the direction of the Australian Board of Missions) is distant 10 miles by launch. Visitors must provide themselves with refreshments, none being obtainable at the Station. No intoxicants are allowed to be brought. Altogether there are some 360 aboriginal residents under charge of the Superintendent. They are divided into six villages, each of which has a church and a store; the natives are chiefly employed in cultivating the soil. Tourists should consult the Missionary Superintendent's convenience in reference to their visit. Green Island is 16 miles from Cairns; about three hours' run by launch. Good bathing and fishing; abundance of beautiful shells and coral en Barrier Reef, which is bare at low'tide, and may readily be explored by visitors. Excellent camping places are on this island. Double Island Point is a pleasant drive of about 16 miles by road, and has the largest cocoanut grove on the Queensland coast. Hotel accommodation is here for visitors, and the surf bathing is excellent. Barron River, four miles by water, a pleasant trip in a launch, for fishing parties, with the possibility of alligator shooting. Trinity Inlet abounds in creeks and small islands, forming a perfect maize; many pleasant excursions by launch can be arranged.

On the Cairns Line'


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

PORT DOUGLAS. ORT DOUGLAS is north of Cairns 33 miles, a run on the A.U.S.N. steamer of about three hours. The branch steamers berth at the wharf in Dicksun's Inlet, ck.se to the town, which lies at the back of a steep sea hill, and is backed up by the great coast range. There are some beautiful views in the vicinity and the beach stretches away for miles to the southward. The district is noted for its splendid soil. The various riversâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Mossman, Saltwater, Daintree and Mowbray â&#x20AC;&#x201D;are all centres of sugar-growing and tropical products, but there are still thousands of acres awaiting development. Mossman township, with large sugar and mill nearby, about 14 miles by tramline from Port Douglas, is well worth a visit. The Exchange Hotel here offers excellent accommodation. There are seme 40 miles of lines intersecting the district and a tour is full of interest. There are some fine tropical

P

orchards and orangeries near Port Douglas, and, in addition, good shooting and fishing are possible at Low Island, 8 miles east, where is a lighthouse, and at Sehnapper Island, 12 miles distant. The Daintree is a great sugar centre, and is also widely noted for its magnificent cedar, silky oak, maple and other trees. Mount Alexander is 20 miles north-west of the seaport of Port Douglas and is an extinct volcano. Around the summit are as many hills as Rome is built upon. Inside these hills is a basin ar crater. A strong stream of water flows out of the side of one of the peaks, and rushes down the mountain side with impetuous force until it reaches the Daintree River at its base. The wild beauty that bursts on the visitor is not exceeded by anything in Queensland.


112

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji. ESTABLISHED 1867.

Callaghan Walsh S a ^ B ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ B

LIMITED. S5^55SS5S555=S555SS5^5i

General Merchants Shipping, Insurance, Forwarding & Commission Agents

PORT DOUGLAS and MOSSMAN AGENTS: A.U.S.N. Coy. Royal Mail Line. British India Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. Eastern and Australian Steam Shipping Co. National of New Zealand and North British and Mercantile Insurance Companies.

Court House Hotel PORT DOUGLAS. Excellent Accommodation for the North Qyeensland Visitor and Tourist, in search of the Rest Cure. Finest Sandy Beach in North Qyeensland, 4 miles in extent, 5 minutes from the Hotel. The Beautiful Mossman District ts easily available by Tramline, right in tront of the Hotel Door. Terms Moderate.

Phone 12.

Only the Best Liquors Stocked.

I*l#

Correspondence Invited.

B E T H E L *

Proprietress.


A.U.S.N. Co.s GUIDE.

113

E. J. O'BRIEN'S

EXCHANGE HOTEL MOSSMAN, North Queensland

The Leading Hotel at this Popular Tourist Resort.

Leading C.T.A. House Phone 10.

Mossman Central Sugar M i l l , Port Douglas.

On the Mossman River, N.Q.

A Southern Sugar Mill.


114

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

COOKTOWN.

N

OKTii from Port Douglas the coast range closely approaches the sea, in places rising sheer up from the water's edge, and all the 65 miles to Cooktown a series of grand peaks and escarpements occur, of which Peter Botte, a curious peak 3,000 feet high, with a weird finger pointing northward, presents a most errie appearance. Cooktown, at the mouth of the Endeavour River, has historical associations. Here Captain Cook beached his vessel after his dangerous journey through the reefs on the east, the tree to which it is reported the " Endeavour " was tied being a prominent object on the shore near the wharf, to which all vessels come. This is at the end of the main street which westward rises slowly up to a considerable altitude. More than a hundred years passed after Captain Cook's vis:t ere the waters of the river were again disturbed, when, in the early 70's, vessels of all kinds, filled with anxious adventurers, crowded in! > the bay. Over the ranges, on the Palmer River, rich gold had been discovered, and thousands rushed to what proved a new El Dorado. some ÂŁ0.000,000 of gold being won from the alluvial. So Cooktown started its career, Willi the reduction of the gold output and the departure of the miners, Cooktown went back, to be revived by the New Guinea trade, for which it is the chief port, and again by the wealth of tin and other minerals which lie not far distant from this port. On the Endeavour River there is 15 feet of water on the entrance liar at low tide, the tidal rise varying from 4 to 10 feet. The entrance to the river is charming. On the south is the steep Grassy Hill with the lighthouse and keeper's residence showing sharp against the sky. On the north side rise up by a series of escarpements the long rangÂŤ> which has its chief outpoint at Cape Bedford to the north. The river, wide and always charming,. swings away northward, while the sky line on the west is met by the serrated ranges over whose summits lies the old Palmer River Goldfleld with its marvellous history of gold

^"

Cooktown f r o m Grassy H i l l .

returns. Cooktown appears set in the hills in a beautiful position overlooking a wide expanse of country, through which as a silver stream flows the Endeavour. The population of Cooktown is 1,300, and it possesses a Town Council, a Shire Council, a Warden's and Police Magistrate's Offices, State and Convent Schools, Public Hospital, Customs House, two Ranks and ample hotel accommodation. The future progress of the town lies in its mineral returns and the thousands of acres '&t magnificent soil which lie adjacent to its doors. The fruits from this district are

Great Northern Hotel T h e Leading Hotel for Visitors, Tourists, AND

Commercial Travellers (Holder of C . T . A . Certificate).

The Largest and most convenient Sample Rooms in Cooktown. Liquors of Best Quality. Billiard Saloon.

Cooktown.

GEO. A. LOVE, Proprietor.


115

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE. DDDC

DO D H 4DDC

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Mouth of the Endeavour River, Cooktown. among the finest in Queensland, and the returns from but little effort are amazing. From Grassy Hill, which rises at the foot of the main street, may be obtained one of the finest views on the coast. Looking out to sea the surf-beaten coral reefs are plainly visible; whilst inlan I over the town range beyond range of mountains stretch away as far as the eye can reach. Finch's Bay, with fine hard beach and excellent bathing, is about half an hour's walk from the wharf, and there are several beautiful drives in the neighbourhood of Cooktown. Amongst other interesting features may be mentioned Botanical Gardens, Home Rule Falls at Rossville (24 miles), and Black Mountains, with striking geological formation (17 miles), and the rich Annan Tin Mines.to the south.

THURSDAY ISLAND. FURTHER journey of 440 miles north from Cooktown to Thursday Island is a journey of beauteous wonder. Through the coral reef, past great cliffs, islands of pristine beauty, great mountains and lovely bays, rocky scarf, hills as green-swelling billows rising to cloud-capped ranges on the landward side, with a wealth of ocean and island beauty to the east, are met with all the way until, through the pretty Albany Pass, the vessel swings into the beauty of the Torres Straits. Passing between Goode and Thursday Islands we enter Port Kennedy, an almost land-locked bay, and draw up at the 200 feet long jetty, whose landward end is the main street of the town.

A

The tides here run with extraordinary velocity off Vivien Point, at times attaining a speed of 7 to 8 knots. Off the town on the north side of the harbour the tidal stream considerably slackens, and here it is that the numerous pearling luggers and small craft are always to be found at anchor, a most picturesque scene at any time. The bold outline of Goode Island looks across the strait to the residences dotting the hillsides and foreshores of Thursday Island, with, in between, a hundred vessels of all kinds busy about the harbour. This is the great calling port for oversea steamers—the jetty and anchorage are seldom empty and great leviathans of the deep consort with smaller coasting steamers, which, in turn, overtop the fast-sailing pearling luggers, in from some of the numerous pearling banks which are at all Points around this coast. This is a great centre of pearl-shell flshiny, upwards of £90,000 worth of shell and some £8,000 worth pearls being obtained annually. This value of pearls is, however, exclusive

of pearls obtained by Japanese divers, for which no record is obtained, estimated at £25,000 per annum. A trip around the shops of the pearl dealers will convince one of the wealth obtained from the sea. The inhabitants of the island are representative of many nationalities, of which Japanese predominate. The white population is estimated at 500, and coloured 2,300, of which 700 are Japanese.

The HOTEL METROPOLE THURSDAY ISLAND W. J. GRAHAM, Proprietor (Formerly A.U.S.N. Co.)

Finest Two-Storied Building in North Queensland. Bedrooms Large and well Ventilated. TARIFF REASONABLE. Commercial Travellers House. Three Large Sample Rooms, all Gas lit Fine Club Room, 26ft. x 16ft. Private Entrance in Hasting Street. Catering a speciality for Banquets, Weddings and Private Parties on the shortest notice. Same old place and same old face—1897—1918.


116

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

MOREY & COMPANY Pearlshellers Shipping, Insurance £r General Commission ftgents,

Thursday Island

Nth. Queensland

Dealers in Pearlshell, Beche-de-Mer, Trocas Shell, and other Marine Produce.

Shells,

Tortoise

Also Sandalwood.

AGENTS FOR:

AUSTRALIAN ORIENTAL LINE OF STEAMERS. ORIENT ROYAL MAIL LINE. SOUTH BRITISH INSURANCE COMPANY. AUSTRALIAN ALLIANCE ASSURANCE COMPANY.

The Pharmacy. HHUBihiv:

•mmn—n———•awia,=.•

1. A. WILSON,

P h . C , M.P.S.Q.,

Manager,

Douglas Street, THURSDAY ISLAND. Dispenser to the Naval and M i l i t a r y Forces. Phone No. 82. P.O. B o x No.1 itfi";

_______


ft.

117

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

*j?r

'-. • - -

W*jF ! .

.-. T

i

\K..

An outpost of Empire, Thursday Island, Torres Straits. Fur eight months in the year the favourable wind and fine weather footed, and from 'the boat-slip come the banging of hammers and other of the south-east season allows the boats to go their hardest; but noises of industry. Thursday Island is lucky to have a busy appearthe remaining four moons are mostly windy and rainy, with tides that ance just now. When the row in Europe started the bottom fell out run the wrong way. Also, the sea is muddied by freshes from mainof the motlier-o'-pearl market, and had it not been for the discovery ot land streams and by slime from weeds stirred up from the bottom. uses for trochus shells—the spiral cones that lay unregarded more or 80 from December to April the craft lie in harbour and overhaul, and less abundantly about the reefs—the Island would have been broke Ihe bare masts of the acres of anchored luggers look like a ring-barked by this. A little pearling is still being done, but trochus shells saved forest. Thursday Island has a busy appearance at this time. Jap the situation. divers and tenders clatter along the street in their curious wooden The hotels to sl;iy at here are McNulty's Federal jfutel or Graham's sandals, Malay and Papuan crews and pump-boys stroll along bareHotel Meti-i.pule. Here ' n '' meets men from the seven seas, and can

Shiosaki's Thursday Island Torres Straits Accommodation for Vessels up to 300 Tons. DINGEY, SAILING and MOTOR BOATS BUILT ON SHORTEST NOTICE AT PRICES UNOBTAINABLE ELSEWHERE. WORKMANSHIP All Facilities for Quick Repairs.

GUARANTEED. Correspondence Invited.

ADDRESS:

Manager. Shiosaki's Slip, Phone 15.

THURSDAY ISLAND.


118

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

gain all information of these wonderful straits and islands, the still mysterious New Guinea, the Archipelago to the nor-west or the thousand isles of the Pacific. Closer at hand are Horn, Hammond, Prince of Wales, Friday and a Dumber of other islands, each replete with a multitude of charming views. The tides here are interesting, sometimes there are the usual two liilcs in the twenty-four hours, at others but one, and it is found impossible to tabulate the tidal conditions which apparently depend upon the parallax and declination of the moon and not the. full snd change.

II9

The Torres Straits

Fresh Food & Ice Coy. LIMITED

Thursday Island, Nth. :Q'land. ICE, AERATED WATER MANUFACTURER AND GENERAL SHIPPING PROVIDORES C o n t r a c t o r s to C o m m o n w e a l t h Government a n d I m p e r i a l Navy. T h e Company is in p o s s e s s i o n of Special Facilities for t h e attendance u p o n vessels p a s s i n g t h r o u g h T o r r e s S t r a i t s Route, and Captains r e q u i r i n g fresh beef, m u t t o n , etc., can be s u p plied (by s i g n a l l i n g Goode I s l a n d ) , w h e n e m b a r k i n g or d i s e m b a r k i n g the T o r r e s S t r a i t s ' Pilot, a n d no delay i s occasioned t h e vessel.

Thursday Islandâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;from the Jetty.

" Q u e t t a " Memorial Church.

M VA f k'K'Jr 'SIJ

*i - - Torres^

Str*if-.--

"

V k ^ x _ , V w $3

" '. fAi-York

Every Description of Fresh Provisions always in stock.

mmmm^mmmmmmmmmmmm *mmm

The Foot of the Coast Range, N.Q.

i

&

McNULTY'S Map of Northern Australia.

VICTORIA PARADE

.:

THURSDAY ISLAMD

Excellent Accommodation for Tourists and Visitors.

Cuisine

Unapproachcd.

The Hotel is situated r i g h t on t h e Beach, with a magnificent view of adjacent Islands. Fishing and Boating Parties a r ranged. F a s t Motor L a u n c h for P a r t i e s to Islands, by arrangement. GOOD S H O O T I N G DUCKS, TURKEYS, SNIPE, WILD PIG, ETC. Box 1 3 .

Only First-class Liquors Stocked. Correspondence Invited.

C. M. McNULTY.

'Phone 40. Diver Descending.

Weighing Shell.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

120

ThursJy

fnf*"^*

Mr. murray.

Mr. John T. Scholes.

SYNNOTT, MURRAY & SCHOLES Ltd. Head Office: BURKETOWN, GULF OF CARPENTARIA. General Merchants, Stack, Station, Shipping, Receiving and Forwarding Agents. Flour, Sugar, Tea, Oilmen's Stores, Ironmongery, Drapery and all Station and Shearing Requisites Stocked. .MOTOR REQUISITES and PETROL ALSO STOCKED. Having Regular English Shipments coming forward via Thursday Island, we are in a position to offer very Reasonable Quotations. WOOL and PRODUCE BRANCH. Fur the reception of Wool there is Ample Storage Accommodation, and the Premises contain a well-fltted up Hydraulic Plant. The Wool is handled at a Minimum Cost and receives most Careful Attention, the Department being under Special Management. OUR RECEIVING and FORWARDING DEPARTMENT. Our Forwarding and Agency Departments Receive and Despatch to any Part of the Commonwealth or United Kingdom, every description of Mineral Ores, Wool, Butchers' Produce, Marsupial Skins, etc., making Liberal Advances if required, and rendering Account Sales Promptly. AGENTS THROUGHOUT THE COMMONWEALTH. As SYNXOTT, MURRAY & SCHOLES, Ltd., have special facilities for the prompt despatch and careful handling of Consigned Goods, importers are respectfully requested to instruct their shippers to forward care of Synnott, Murray & Scholes, Ltd. Agents for the BURKETOWN-CAMOOWEAL LINE and BURKETOWN-WOLLOGORANG MAIL COACHES. DISTRICT AGENTS FOR:—

Thome's Whisky, Bottled and Draught. Macleay, Duff & Co., Bottled and Draught. Andrew Usher & Co., Bottled and Draught. Canadian Club, Bottled and Draught. Dewars' Whisky. Buchanan's Whisky. Teacher's Highland Cream Whisky.

Bullock Lade Whisky. Foster's Lager. Empire Ale. Carlton Beer. George Lamb's Aerated Waters. Bulimba Beer, Sparkling Gold Top. Burgoyne's Wines. Romaville Vineyard. Overland and Ford Motor Cars. LOCAL BROKERS A.M.P. SOCIETY.

Sole Agents for BRUNTON'S and DUNN'S ADELAIDE FLOUR (Double Bagged).

Pulleine's Evaporated Potatoes. I.X.L. and Glen Ewin Jams and Fruit. Mildura Currants, Lexias, Sultanas and Evaporat d Fruits. Seafoam Flour. Australian Compressed Fodder Coy. Messrs. Dalgety & Co., Ltd., Wool and Produce Branch, Sydney. Messrs. Synnott & Co., Camooweal.

Sole Agents for LAMB'S AERATED WATERS.

Ag«nts for PHOENIX INSURANCE Coy., AUSTRALIAN ALLIANCE Coy., and SOUTH BRITISH INSURANCE Coy., Ltd., MARINE DEPARTMENT. Advances made against Wool, Hides, Tallow, Marsupial Skins, Ores, etc. Special attention paid consignments Copper Ore, and Assays obtained. Proceeds placed Trust Account and Prompt Returns Guaranteed. Support the Pioneers of Reasonable Prices in the Burketown District, namely:—

SYNNOTT, MURRAY & SCHOLES Ltd., BURKETOWN. COMPLETE PRICE LIST WILL BE FORWARDED UPON APPLICATION.

Correspondence Invited.

ESTABLISHED 30 YEAR8.

All Enquiries answered respecting Burketown and District and Barclay Tablelands.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

121

NORMANTON.

N

ORMANTON_is-43o miles south-west from Thursday Island on • the southern shores of the Gulf of Carpentaria, and little is seen tlje whole journey except low mangrove shore. It is a lonely sea, and', passengers usually provide themselves with a supply of reading matter to hasten the slowly moving time. The anchorage is 45 imiles off the town of Normanton, which is reached by tender up the pretty Norman River. The town is in a charming position and well laid out, and is the port for the Croydon gold and tin fields, 94 miles;by rail south, and the centre of magnificent pastoral lands, as well as the port for considerable mineral areas. Every accommodation is at hand for visitors, and one has the unique experience of way-back Australia in its most primitive state, combined with a most up-to-date attractiveness. There are good hotels and many public buildings.

BURKETOWN. LOW mangrove shore line, with occasional lonely bluff marks the 138 miles to Burketown. The township lies 35 miles up the Albert River, and sandbanks extend a long way off the lind in the vicinity of the river mouth. The anchorage is about 30 miles from Sweer's Island, and 45 miles from the town, which is reached by tender. The district is undoubtedly one of the most magnificent in Queensland. The rich Barclay Tableland lies at its door, capable of untold development, while there are rich mineral resources to the south and west—gold, silver and copper—which await but transit facilities to port to become of world-fame.

A

Norman River, Normanton. The firm of Synnott, Murray & Scholes, Ltd., Merchants, Burketown, or Burns, Philp & Co., Ltd., Normanton, are the firms to write to respecting this great area of rich country lying undeveloped by the shores of the Gulf of Carpentaria.

13

0

Gulf Views.

[Ghargois, Photographer.

0


122

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.


123

A.U.S.N. Co.s GUIDE.

Brisbane to Newcastle and Sydney. r

Fingall Rocks. The Manning River. HE journey from Brisbane to Sydney is 510 miles, along a coast indented with wide sandy bays and marked by bold headland. It is specially noted for its beautiful rivers, whose bar-bound entrances, however, prevented earlier recognition of the magnificent country to the west. Leaving Moreton Bay we swing round the broken headland of Cape Moreton. Indented with rocky cliff, and marked with great headland it is always a picturesque and attractive sight. From the lighthouse we turn southward along the great whale-ibacked Moreton Island and its sister, Stradbroke Island. West from here is Southport, a splendid seaside resort, 50 miles by rail from Brisbane. Shortly after we reach the rocky bluff of Point Danger, and note behind this headland the peaks and mountains of the Macpherson Range. â&#x20AC;˘ This range comes eastward from the distant New England taibleland. Among these mountains are easily distinguished the high peaks which, since Cook sailed these coasts, and drew the first charts, have always been mariners guides. Mount Warning, Lindsay, Boololagang, Merino, and a dozen other cloud pointing tops. Mt. Warning marks the head of the picturesque Tweed River which enters the sea close to Point Danger.

T

The Tweed, the northernmost coastal river of New South Wales, is exceedingly beautiful. It waters a rich district of magnificent landscapes. The banks are lined with a dense growth of vegetation, which gives way here and there to grassy stretches and nourishing crops. The chief centre is Murwillumbah, the terminal point of the railway from Grafton, on the Clarence. There are 147 miles of railroad between Murwillumbah and Grafton, to the south which connects the Tweed, Richmond, and Clarence Rivers, passing through country singularly picturesque and watered by numerous creeks.

U

South from here, past another notable river, the Brunswick, is the bold rocky headland of Cape Byri n, the most eastern point of Australia, with its picturesque lighthouse. A long sandy shore line with occasional headlands brings us to the Clarence River, which, like the Tweed and Brunswick, flows through magnificent lands. South again is the Orara River, and then is passed the Solitary Island light, and The Bellinger, Nambucca, and Macleay Rivers; further typical North


124

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji. Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nivn, Bayonne, St. Palais, Orthes, Lambega, Toulouse, Quartre-Bras and Waterloo. Salute! Lake Innes, once the home of the gallant Major Innes, and the scene of historical proceedings in Governor Fitzroy's time, is a charming waterway. The Valleys of the Hastings and Wilson Rivers are crowded with delightful picnic spots. Lakes, varying in area from great sheets of water to little pools, stretch nut f.ir from the coast line almost all the way from here to Sydney, and Offer splendid spurt with rod and gun. Camden Haven, another old-lime centre, is south of Port Macquarie, and then we reach tin1 Manning River, which Hows from the distant ranges through beautiful scenery and splendid soil. Cape Ilawke, and then Sugar Loaf Point and its lighthouse follow. Off the latter are the well-known and avoided Seal Rocks. South from here, 30 miles, is Port Stephens, a great sea haven, with Nelson Lighthouse on its southern promontory. Port Hunter, at the mouth of the Hunter River, the port of the famous Newcastle coal fields is 25 miles south of here in latitude 3d, and north of Sydney, lOi miles by rail, and 50 by sea.

Falls on the Dorrigo, near Bellinger. Coast rivers with splendid country on their banks. The latter river flows into the sea near Smoky Cape light, set on a great headland. Forty miles south of here is the mouth of the Hastings River on which is the historic town of Port Macquarie. easily reached from Newcastle, and the capital city, Sydney. The town has an old world stir about it. with old and decrepit buildings, mostly convict-built, scattered about. The Hastings joins the sea in close proximity to the township. The tourist should see the old Norman Church, built between 1824 and 1828, a severely plain brick building with a massive tower, easily picked out by ships at sea. The box pews and old-fashioned furnishings are a little laterâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;from the time that the church was filled with a motley gathering of civilians, soldiers, and convicts. A mighty soldier before the Lord lies under an old weather-beaten monument at Port Macquarie. The inscription reads:â&#x20AC;&#x201D;Sacred to the memory of Major James Crummer. Late Her Majesty's 28th Regiment of Foot. He fought at Copenhagen, Busaeo, Badajns, Campo-Mayor, Albuera,

MMBERAl

Port Stephens,

Map of the Newcastle District.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

125


126

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

5 CO

I en J*

c O

3 o o

Ia. o

I


127

A.U.S.N. Co.s GUIDE.

The Broken Hill Proprietary Company !• LIMITED •{

Melbourne, Victoria., Australia

INE OWNERS AND

IRON & STEEL MASTERS RESERVE FUNDS, £1,910,000. AUTHORISED CAPITAL, 1,500,000 Shares, £600,000. DIVIDENDS AND BONUSES PAID, £13,090,704 4s.

Bankers:

BANK OF AUSTRALASIA, Melbourne, Australia. COMMONWEALTH BANK OF AUSTRALIA, Melbourne, Australia. UNION OF LONDON AND SMITH'S BANK, LIMITED, London. Directors:

BOWES KELLY, Chairman. Hon. D. E. McBRYDE, M.L.C., Vice-Chairman. D. W. HARVEY PATTERSON. R. O. BLACKWOOD. WM. JAMIESON. H. V. McKAY. H. G. DARLING. London Board:

F. DUTTON, Chairman.

SIR JOHN COCKBURN.

W. DOUGLAS REID.

General Manager: G D. DELPRAT. Branch Offices:

London, 3 Great Winchester Street, E.C.

J"

In Australia: Sydney, New South Wales,'25 O'Connell Street. Ironstone Quarries, Iron'Knob, South Australia. Adelaide, South Australia, 75 King William Street. Limestone Quarries, Devonport, Tasmania. Mine, Broken Hill, New South WalesIron and Steel Works, Newcastle, New South Wales.

Manufacturers of

Steel Rails, Billets, Blooms, Structural Steel, Pig Iron, etc. HEAD OFFICE: Equitable Building, Melbourne. F. M. DICKENSON, Secretary. Cable Address: " (iambroon," Melbourne.

J. CAMPBELL, Assistant Secretary. Codes: ABC, 5th Ed., and Moreing & Neal's.

mm

\wmm

*M


128

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

T H E N E W L A M B T O N LAND & COAL CO. L I M I T E D NEWCASTLE, N.S.W.

Proprietors of the Famous New L a m b t o n Unscreened

Coal. Unsurpassed for Bunkering Purposes.

Suppliers o f Bunker Coal t o : Australasian United S.N. CO. Ltd. White Star Line. Aberdeen Line. Shaw Savill & Albion Liner. and many others. Quotations

o n A p p l i c a t i o n -to

D a l g e t y & Company Limited, Newcastle, N.S.W.

JOHN REID Est. 1 8 6 2 .

Shipping, Colliery â&#x201A;Ź), Insurance General Merchant. EXPORTER

IMPORTER

of

of

Coaly Coke, Wheat and Australian Hardwoods.

Lumber, Colliery Requisites & General Merchandise.

STEAMERS BUNKERED W I T H DESPATCH. Sole Selling Agent ROTHBURY COLLIERIES.

CARGOES OF COAL ARRANGED

NEWCASTLE, N.S.W. Cable Address: "REID, N E W C A S T L E ; " ..

Also Private Indicators.

T E L E P H O N E S : 9 9 and l O O .

Codes: A.B.C. 5th. Scotts 10th. Watkins 1A, Century. Western Union. Bentley's, Private After Office Hours. 5 5 5

(Coal Clerk). 9 6 2

(Mr. Reid).

Post Office tlox, No. 2 0 0 , Newcastle, N.S.W., Australia. A G E N C E CONSUJLAIRE d e FRANCE..


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE. NEWCASTLE,

129

THE GREAT COAL CENTRE OF AUSTRALIA.

EWCASTLE, New South Wales, is known throughout the shipping world as the coal shipping port of Australia. The River Hunter, and the then outcropping coal seams, were discovered in 1797 in Governor Hunter's time by Lieut. Shortland, while on an expedition to Port Stephens, to the north in search of runaway prisoners, Lieut. Shortland named the river, Coal River, changed subsequently to the name of the Governor, but it was not till the year 1821 that any settlemenl was attempted. In year 185'J Newcastle was constituted a municipality, lint it is within comparatively recent years that it has made such gigantic strides, completely outdistancing every other provincial town in the Commonwealth. The city is built upon a commanding position, the main street, full of fine buildings, traver-

N

and the islands of the Pacific, and to many of the European countries. The exports of coal to countries or islands oversea easily runs as high as 5,000,000 tons a year, and more, while its output totals over 10,000,000 tons. During the year probably a couple of thousand vessels thread their ways, inward and outward, past the lighthouse on Nobby's Head. And almost all of them are seeking coal. These coal-mines give employment directly In fully 10,000 men. Necessarily, for an industry so vast, the machinery and facilities for loading must he very complete. On the eastern side of the Inner Basin there are half-a-mile of wharves upon which are erected a number of extremely powerful hydraulic cranes. On the eastern side at Carrington, with deep water frontage, there is a line of wharves over a mile in length, provided with more hydraulic cranes, and, in addition, there are over a mile of wharves for general cargo. It is very doubtful, indeed, whether any coaling station in the world has more complete loading appliances than are to be found at Newcastle. Another industry which was developed into a very important concern is the steel and iron works of Lithgow, where plant and machinery on a vast scale have been erected, and is now In full commission. As the pre-war importations of iron and slecl amounted to over 400,000 Ions per annum lo a value of nearly ,ÂŁ7,000,000, the importance of this enterprise can be well understood, and a visit to the vast installation should nut be omitted by any visitor. The capacity of the blast furnace in the works is 150,000 tons of manufactured article per annum, and to see the enormous operations, from the tipping the iron ore and coal into the furnace, the tapping of the molten metal, the rolling and the transfer of the finished steel rails or bars by the weirdly powerful

Hunter-street, Newcastle. sing the side of a high bluff which overlooks the sea at high elevation. There are splendid parks and up-to-date conveniences, including most excellent saltwater baths. The Victoria Theatre seats 1750 persons, and amongst the public buildings are the Technical College and Museum, School of Arts and Library (with billiard-room), "several large churches, a fine railway station, excellent commercial and banking premises, and one of the most handsome club rooms in Australia. Amongst business firms of Newcastle may well be mentioned that of Arnott's Limited, that great biscuit firm whose products are worldwide in celebrity. The Hunter River, on which Newcastle is situated, is one of the important rivers of Australia. It is some 300 miles in length and drains an area of about 8,000 square miles. It has numerous tributaries, and is navigable for a distance of 35 miles by vessels of considerable draught. Some years ago the approach from the sea, guarded by that remarkable headland, ',' Nobby" Head, was regarded as dangerous, but of recent years the harbour has been vastly improved. Much money has been expended on deepening the entrance, and extending the breakwaters. At Fort Scratchley is a pilot station, provided with excellent modern equipment. During the year, steamers, or "wind-jammers," from every part of the civilised world are to be found, at one time or another, in the Newcastle harbour. It is the port for that wonderfully rich agricultural district of the Hunter River, and the country tapped by the main northern line, and the North Coast line. Coal-mining, however, is the great industry. It is principally for coal that so many vessels go to Newcastle, taking away consignments to North and South America, to China, Japan, Straits Settlements, India,

Scenes at Newcastle, N.8.W.


130

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Electric Cranes, Basin, Western Side, Newcastle magneto to the g:eal stacks ready for shipment, js a revelation of the confidence that progressive men have of the stability of the country and the prospects of development and an example of the mineral resources of Australia. The iron ore comes from the iron Knob, or Monarch, 30 miles inland from the west side of Spencer's Gulf, a huge deposit of high grade ore-of uniform quality carrying about 08 per cent, of metallic iron, aid the lease was originally secured in 1899 by the Broken Hill Proprietary Co. to provide sufficient iron ore for use as a ilux in their Port l'irie Smelting Works, and is a magnificent asset for those .Newcastle Works. -Newcastle harbour has an entrance of 1200 feet wide. It is the second port of New South Wales. A northern breakwater and a curve guide-wall on the southern side have been constructed, and the depth of the channel at high tide is 30 feet. At the King's Wharf, 1300 feet in length, accommodation is provided for the largest otas= of vessel. The berths are used exclusively for vessels discharging or loading general cargoes, and limber from overseas. A smaller system of wharves, known as limber wharves, i s provided for thj use of smaller craft and general purposes. At the Dyke, where th>. loading of coal is carried on, a splendid system of wharf extends for a distance of 700 feet, where are erected 10 powerful hydraulic cranes, and three steam cranes, capable of lifting from 10 to 20 tons and loading at the rate of 1500 tons per hour. Here also more McMylor hoists are to be erected at a cost of £75,000 cacti. These hoists are capable of loading coal at the rate of 800 tons per hour. At

Lee Wharf.

the eastern side of Ihe basin there is a further 200,000 feet of wharf, carrying six movable cranes capable of lifting from 10 to 12 tons. On the northern side there are 000 feet, known as ttie Sulphide Wharf, used principally for the discharge of ore. On the southern side of the basin, extending from Merewether-street to Carrington Bridge, there is now a wharf of almost 1200 feel, provided with storage sheds and all modern equipment necessary for the handling of cargo of all descriptions. At the inner basin, where there is 2400 feet of wharfage, six electric cranes, with a lifting height of 70 feet, are to be available for shipping; and extensive deepening schemes are also in hand, as well as additional wharfage further up the harbour. Newcastle has no dock, but it is understood that there is a Jikelihoo 1 of one being provided by the Government. The entrance to Newcastle carries something like 20 feet of water, and is being further dredged to ensure safety for even deeper draught vessels. The population of the town and district is about 00,000. lis exports in the normal yen- of 1911 amounted to £3,431,456, of which coal accounted for £2,488,449. The number of vessels entered and departed from Newcastle was 5,182, and 5,005 seamen were engaged, and 4,283 were discharged, also it is noted, there were 279 deserters. The revenue of the port was £321,800. An interesting centre is Cockle Creek, on Lake Macquarie, 10 miles distant, where the Sulphide Corporation Ltd. have their works. Here was produced in 1914 26,076 tons »f lead, 35,544 oz. of gold, and 1,972,553 oz. of silver. The main interest to a visitor, however, are the collieries, whose surface works dot the landscape for miles around. An excellent service of electric trams conveys one to any part of the district, while for the more distant ones, rail facilities are perfect. For the scenic beauty nothing can compare with the grand view of ocean, harbour and river, on the bluffs rising above the town. Here the sea in most majestic manner stretches out north and south, headland, beach, and undulating hills, to the far-distant horizon. A frequent service of trams run to Merewether Beach, two miles, and a beautiful scenic trip, with views of Lake Macquarie, is that to Spears Point, 16 miles. Other trips available are by motor and launch to Port Stephens, Myall River, and the Great Lakes, a most fascinating trip, by river steamer up the Hunter and Paterson Rivers, and by launch or car to Lake Macquarie. The A.l.S.X. wharf is near the centre of the town, near the George Hotel, a fine hostelry, where arrangements can be made for a journey through this great Hunter River district, and on to the New England Tableland.


131

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

HEALTH and HOLIDAY FkESORTS

IN NEW SOUTH WALES T

"KOSCIUSKO" 7,328 feet.

HOUGH higher than the famous "Pilatus'' and " Kighi" of the Swiss Alps, Kosciusko may be conquered without danger or undue effort, and in Summer its very summit may be attained by motor along a tine road amidst magnificent p a n o r a m i c scenery. Kosciusko's rarefied air braces and rejuvenates, and is a delightful, healthful change for the dweller in lowland districts. The f amous Government Hotel, 17 miles from the summit at an altitude of 5,000 feet, is a magnificent modern spa, unexcelled for appointments in cuisine. In spring, summer and autumn, golf, tennis, trout fishing, shooting, mountaineering and motoring THE HOTEL KUSCIUSKO IN WINTER. may be enjoyed. Winter attractions include ski-ing, tobogganing, ice-skating, and sleighing by dog team, for all of which special facilities exist. Snow sporting material may be hired at the Hotel at a nominal cost.

THE ALL SEASON HOLIDAY RESORT

Comfortable express trains and speedy touring motors have brought Kosciusko to within 10 hours' journey from Sydney. The trip is in itself a magnificent excursion.

The Wonderful JENOLAN CAVES

T

H E S E Marvellous Limestone Caverns are situated 36 miles from Mount Victoria, in the world-famed Blue Mountains. They possess a wealth of exquisite dripstone formations, coral bowers. crystal grottoes and delicate rock draperies, the beauty of which attract visitors from all over the world. Personally Conducted Tours, leaving Sydney every Tuesdavand Friday, afford unique opportunities of seeing the Caves with the maximum of comfort and convenience. ÂŁ4 10s. covers first-class expenses throughout these tours, which occupy three full days, and provide for the inspection of three Caves. The privilege of extending stay at the new, commodious Caves House, or of breaking the return journey on the Blue Mountains is also afforded. â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Inquire for Illustrated Literature and Particulars of Rail Concessions at

GOVERNMENT TOURIST BUREAU, 2SSS, s ??iSf: SYDNEY

THE WONDERFUL JENOLAN CAViiS.


132

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji. Established 1851

Telephone 9780 City 6 Lines

JOHN BR0OMFIELD H Ship Chandlers and Hardware Merchants,

152-154

SUSSEX STREET,

SYDNEY

AGENTS FOR

IMPORTERS OF

PEACOCK & BUCHAN'S Ready Mixed Sanitary Paints, Anticorrosive and Antifouling Compositions

Copper Tubes, Sheet Bars and Nails. Brass Kods and Sheets. Metal Kods and Sheets

OCEAN OIL CO. LTD., Engine Oils and Lubricants

Paints, Oils, Colors, Varnishes, Brush ware Engineers' Stores, Cotton Waste

WARRINGTON WIRE P.OPE WORKS LTD., Iron and Steel Wire Ropes JACKSON, McCONNAN £r TEMPLE LTD., Kopes and Twines

P. H. MUNTZ £r CO. LTD., Metal Sheating and Nails

Anchors, Chains, Blocks and all Ship Chandlery Manilla £r Coir Kopes, Twines Etc.

Lubricating Oils, Castor and China Oils, etc. Yacht and Motor Launch Gear and Fittings

INQUIRIES AND QUOTATIONS INVITED


133

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

Mil

i

TILL0CK& COMPANY LIMITED

Tea Merchants Ships Providores :: General Importers and Exporters :: Manufacturers of Aunt Mary's Baking Powder

Importers of all the standard brands of Oilmans Stores, Dried Fruits and Provisions, American Merchandise, etc., Ceylon and Indian Teas """~~ of all grades. ^^ZZZ^^ZI Offices and Warehouse: Kent and Liverpool Streets, SYDNEY.

London Office: Lime Street Square.

era

Postal Address: Box 189 G, P. O., SYDNEY.

Factory: 500 Kent Street, SYDNEY Queensland Agents: McCulloch & Irvine Ltd, Domett st.. BRISBANE.

1=3

Telephone: 9305 - 6 lines. Cable Address: " Tillock."

CORRESPONDENCE INVITED.


134

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

GILLESPIE BROS. 6- Co. Koller Flour Mills, SYDNEY, New South Wales

/%,^*"ifJ LI \ '

]

'*

GILLESPIE BROS. & CO. ANCHOR ROLLER FLOUR MILLS, SYDNEY, N.S.W.

BRANDS "ANCHOR" FLOUR " KING OF PATENTS" FLOUR Agents for "Hovis" Flour. iiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiimiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii

GILLESPIE BROS. & CO., Roller Flour Mills

: SYDNEY, N.S.W.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE

135

HOPKINS &r LIPSCOMBE, FRUIT EXCHANGE, 5 ^ ^f

J s\m

Tg timinitimiii

ti 11 iniiiii111> W%M _ ? j f c , ^m^m

u

Fruit Importers, Exporters, Ship Providores and Commission Agents. Fruit received and Exported to all parts of the world. ESTABLISHED 1875.

Cable Address: "Fructor."

ABC Code 5th Edition.

TELEPHONE: CITY 813.

CABLE ADDRESS: MARKET, SYDNEY,

CAMERON 6- McFADYEN LIMITED

143 SUSSEX STREET,

SYDNEY. Inter-State Produce Merchants and Commission Agents. LONDON

BANKnkoeF AUSTRALASIA

Wesern Branch

SYDNEY

W*& Market Rates Guaranteed for all COn$iglMieiltS efltrUSt«d tO OUf

fflt


136

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Box

86.G.P.O

CABLE A P P R E S S ' . ' R O P E " CODES A B . C . 4 " a 5 " EDITION

Bourke Street, Waterloo Kangaroo Rope Works

WORKS: -

- New South Wales Brisbane, Queensland

Largest Manufacturers in Australia OF

White and Tarred Manilla, Coir Rope, Spunyarn, Lashings, Clothes Lines, New Zealand Flax and Russian Hemp Rope, Log Lines, Harvesting Twine, Etc., Manilla Driving Ropes, Plain and Cable Laid Cotton Ropes, (S^^rSXs^^S)

Etc.

<ÂŁ=^-5><S==^2>

^^^^^^A^Lf^^^^^L^^^L^^^^^^^^1^^^^^^^^^^^

A. Forsyth & Co. Ltd. Head Office: 339 KENT STREET, SYDNEY, N.S.W.


A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE.

137 Cable Address: FAIRPLAY," SYDNEY.

TELEPHONE 9268. 9269.

By Appointment to H . R . H .

the Duke of Edinburgh.

THOMAS PLAYFAIR SHIPPING PROVIDORE •T

166, 168 GEORGE ST. (North), SYDNEY.

~VQ

MEATS: FRESH, FROZEN AND SALT in any Quantity. Purveyor to the British, American, Russian Italian, French and Japanese Navies. ESTABLISHED 1860.

JOHN W. EATON Limited, NOOTH CTDNEY, TIMBER, JOINERY and GALVANIZED IRON MERCHANTS.

Price Lists and Illustrated Catalogues Free on Application.

Shipping Orders Receive Careful Attention.

DIRECT IMPORTERS.


138

Around the Coasts of Australia a n d Fiji.

H. PEEL

piiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii | |

In

i^LLi^iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiii

9

239-245 HARRIS STREET, SYDNEY m l ' I H;:..i!"»T'T'"-'

M K M M i '"••'- ' H i ' " > ' ! « I t M U

Purveyor Importer

'""'"

•rv.mf-'

;' - i ;•-'• v - • • . . : " i: i.. s. , -try-. ,s„ " - •'••"

" H I TS+.'-lliM

, 1 " " " T " '-'

^

of Fresh and Smoked Fish, of English, Scotch, Canadian

and

New Zealand

Fish, iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniitiiii '

TELEPHONES

[ ^ i i S i W c / f 344

Shipping

T H E W A Y T O GET T H E BEST RESULTS IN PRINTING

IS TO PLACE YOUR ORDERS "™ W . who have created a Standard in COMMERCIAL and SOCIETY

_ ^

_

_

w

Supplied.

_

E. S M I T H

L I M I T E D

High'dass Printers and Stationers, 22-30 BRIDGE STREET,

SYDNEY

PrintingfcStationery YOU SAVE.

YOU GAIN.

SECOND T O N O N E , and can give you all that is best in Style, Material and Workmanship

W e save you money and give you greater efficiency because our Factory is specially equipped for the production of the highest class of work.

A N D YOUR. O F F I C E E Q U I P M E N T . W e have a [complete and comprehensive Stock o f : OFFICE FURNITURE, FILING DEVICES. LOOSE L E A F SYSTEMS, CARD SYSTEMS always available for your inspection, prices being consistent with the quality of the goods.

Our ' P h o n e Numbers a r e : City 4 9 7 4 - 5 - 6 . Ring up or write us and our Representative w i l l call upon you whether you are in the City or Country.

W. E. SMITH Limited. SSttE^SSs: BRANCHES: 30 Hunter Street, NEWCASTLE; 86-88 Edward Street. BRISBANE; and LONDON.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

139

Rheumatic Pains Stopped. Pain, the great wrecker of human happiness, does no discriminate between young <>r old, time of day or night. The be^t protection against pain is to always have ready for use, WAWN'S WONDER-WOOL, the magic wrap that makes pain stop. It causes a free W I circulation, overcomes congestion and inflammaion, and soothes with wonderful speed. The pleasing, tingling, pain-relieving warmth of WAWN'S W O N D E R - W O O L dispels rheumatism, sciatica, lumbago, etc.; and is of the ul si value in case of lung troubles, sure throat, neuralgia, neuritis, toothache, abdominal pains, strains, sprains, etc. Provide against a sudden attack of nerve-pain of any kind by invariably having WAWN'S WONDERWOOL handy for emergencies. Place it where the pain is—and the pain will stop. Obtainable from chemists and stores everywhere at 2 / 6 per packet, or direct from the manufacturer.

Special Shipping Chemists. The. tremendous success of WAWN'S WONDER-WOOL is convincing and final proof of the absolute merit of our products. For years we have maintained a special service, supplying all shipping needs with exact care and thoroughness —and our address is particularly convenient for travellers and those engaged in shipping. Buy all your toilet requirements, medicines, etc., and have your prescriptions made up by us.

m

iir» 11111111111

V. A. WAWN, GRIGOR'S SHIPPING PHARMACY, 186 G E O R G E ST., (just near the Quay), S Y D N E Y .

TELEPHONE

112 CITY.

CHRISTOPHER STANLEY, WHOLESALE

and

RETAIL

Gardeners, Fruiterers, Greengrocers and Shipping Providors IMPORTERS

and

EXPORTERS.

537 George St.- - Near

Liverpool

Street.

SYDNEY


140

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

JAMES WALLACE Steam Tug and Water Tender Proprietor 123 SUSSEX ST., SYDNEY The Captains of our Tugs have had long experience in Sydney Harbour, and are known to all Masters in the Interstate Trade, [especially for Docking and Berthing Vessels of any Tonnage.

WATER T E N D E R " Our Queen."

TUGS— " Emu,"|ir5 „T "Sterling,":: "Norman Wallace,"' " Waning."

Our up-to-date equipment enable us to supply all orders for Fresh Water up to 1000 Tons per day. We guarantee to supply the quantities ordered. - j ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ T ^ r ^ ^ ^ T ^

I

^S»

ANDREW DALTON, Manager.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

141

Nock & Kirby's "The Low Price Stores near Circular Quay," where every Tourist needs such as . . . . .

Bags

Trunks

Firearms

Ammunition

Toilet Requisites

Shaving Wants

Towels

Rugs

Drapery

Mercery

and other W a n t a b l e s a r e sold " as good as elsewhere a t nothing like elsewhere's price."

1 88 to 1 94 George Street,

BULLIVANL CO.

liORTS DOCK

Limited INVENTORS and MANUFACTURERS of

ENGINEERING CO.Ltd.

FLEXIBLE STEEL WIRE ROPES

SYDNEY, N.S.W.

For Ships' Hawsers, Cables and Running Ropes, and for Cranes, Lifts, Hoists, Derricks, Purchase and Cargo Falls, Ac, iSce., Salvage Ropes and Appliances a Speciality.

liort's Bay, Johnstone's Boy, and Woolwich

AND

WORKS:

Makers of Wire Ropes for Collieries, Mines, Suspension Bridges, Cable Tramways,' Inclines, Aerial Ropeways, &c. Also Tested Blocks, Pulleys, Crab-Winches, Wire RopeCutting Machines, and all Appliances for Working in Conjunction with Wire Ropes. W o r k s : M I L L W A L L , L O N D O N E. CHIEF AUSTRALIAN DEPOT:

Bullivant s Australian Co. Ltd., 331-333 KENT STREET, SYDNEY. AGENTS IN ALL CENTRES.

Manufacturers of every class of Land and Marine Engines and Boilers, Winches, Pumps;. Refrigerating, foiling Down, Compressing and Mining Plants, Wool Dumping Machinery, etc., etc. Shipbuilders, Engineers, B o i l e r m a k e r s , B r i d g e Builders, Coppersmiths, Joiners, I r o n , B r a s s and Steel Founders, etc., etc.

Vessels in Harbour waited upon by the Company's Steam Launches. Coastal Steamers, Tug Boats, Ferry Boats, Colliers, and all other classes of Vessels Built, Repaired, etc. Docking and Slipping accommodation from 1 to 25,000 tonsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;equal to all the requirements of the Port. Renewals of any Parts of Machinery of any kind a Speciality.

J


142

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Cable and Wireless Address: " PRESCOTT. SYDNEY."

All Codes Used.

PRESCOTT LTD. ESTABLISHED 1850.

365^375 Sussex Street

SYDNEY, N.S.W.

Farm & Dairy Produce Merchants & Exporters OF

Butter,

Cheese, Bacon,

Eggs,

Wholesale Sole Agents for 'Pineapple' Bacon, Hams & Lard. BANKERS: LONDON BANK OF AUSTRALIA.

Lard,

Etc.

'Daisy' Brand Butter.

'Daisy' Onions.

CORRESPONDENCE INVITED.

PAUL £r GRAY, I_m iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiii S H I P C H A N D L E R S , and iniiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiii GENERAL HARDWARE MERCHANTS

SYDNEY MELBOURNE,

BRISBANE,

NEWCASTLE;

And .1 60 Gr.cechnrch Strat. LONDON. E.C.

LAKGE STOCKS OF STEEL WIKE ROPES, MANILLA ROPES, PAINTS, OILS, VAPxNISHES, Etc., And GENERAL HOUSEHOLD IRONMONGERY.


A.U.S.N. Co.s GUIDE.

143

•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••<.<.••<.•<><.•<>••<>•••<.••••<.<.••<.•••••••••••••

The Wonderland of the Pacific - -

JAVA

m t t t ¥

The Most Beautiful ; The Most Fertile ; and the Most. Densely Populated Tropical Island in the World.

Majestic Volcanoes ; Wonderful Temples ; Famous Botanical Gardens; Glorious Scenery; Excellent Rail and Motor Roads ; Splendid Hotels ; English Spoken Everywhere

Take a Trip to Java By the Magnificent Tourist Steamers of the * K.P.M." Java-Australian Line (each 5,000 tons)

Fines! and Faslesl Steamers on the Route, with every Modern Convenience for 1st and 2nd class Passengers. Return Trip to Batavia takes about Seven Weeks.

APPLY FOR ILLUSTRATED BOOKLET TO

Royal Packet Navigation Company,

XiK:f.^

"* J^SBSEftSB?*'

56 Pilt Street - - SYDNEY • • • • • • ^ ^ • • • • • • • • • • • • • ^ I

\

t • Y y X


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

144

FOUR of the MOST RENOWNED and UP-TO-DATE HOSTELLERIES in the SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE. Containing every modern convenience and comfort

m ® The Glorious Blue Mountain Health Resorts.

The Carrington. Katoomba. The Acme of Modern Hotel Comfort. The "Carrington" is unquestionably the premier hotel of the Mountain Metropolis. Situated in the highest part of the town, it commands extensive mountain views. Every modern device that will add to the visitors' comfort will be found at this palatial hostelry. A modern garage is a feature, and the cuisine is excellent. An ideal spot for either a winter or a summer holiday. Tariff from £ 4 / 4 / - per week, or 14/- per day. CITY BOOKING OFFICE: No. 10 Imperial Arcade, Sydney.

The Medlow Bath Hotel De Luxe. A Palatial Mountain Resort, "COMBINING THE SPLENDOUR OF THE CASINO AT MONTE CARLO WITH THE COMFORT OF A FIRST-CLASS ENGLISH HOTEL, Altitude 3,500 feet, extensive views of the magnificent Kanimbla, Valley, —"Casino Library, Art Gallery, Billiard and Smoking Rooms, Bowling Green, Tenn's, Croquet, Golf Links, Cricket, Rifle Range, Electrically lit, Hot Water Installation. Private Garage, an Up-to-date Sanatorium, Electric Baths. Tariff: From 16/6 per day, or £ 5 / 5 / per week.

ft!?!Slii -" . "J_- . m *** ^

• -ii^f

W

Itala Cars leave the Hydro daily for the Jenolan Caves and Excursions. .Private Cars may he arranged for. C-ty Booking Office: 19 Imperial Arcade, Sydney.

THE

The "Carrington," Katoomba. C I T Y O F F I C E : 42 C A S T L E R E A C H S T R E E T , I T A L A CAR S E R V I C E .

m Sydney's

SYDNEY.

A Regular Daily Service, in which the famous Itala Cars are used, is run from The "Carrington," The "Hydro," and the "Imperial" to the Jenolan Caves. From the "Carrington" £a—Leave 9.0 a.m. From the "Hydro'' 35s. „ 9.15 „ From the "Imperial" 30s. „ 9.45 ,, Cars leave Caves on return journey 1.15 p.m. Itala Cars are also available for excursions to other places of interest, and private cars may be arranged for on application at any of the Hotels or at the City Booking Office.

ARCADIA.

Leading Hotel.

Family

The Hotel Arcadia. Pitt and Castlereagh Streets,

Sydney. Situated in the very centre of the city, close to the Theatres, Trams, Main Shopping Centres, and the G.P.O. The Sanitary, Lighting, Elevator Conveniences and Fire Escapes will be found second to none. Luxurious Public Rooms and Boudoirs. T A R I F F : Full board, £3/3/- per week, or 10/- per day. Bed and Breakfast, 36/6 per week, or 5/6 per day.

The "Imperial," Mt. Victoria. An Ideal Home for the Tourist.

Electric light, excellent service, first class cruisine and finest motor garage outside Sydney all tend to make the memory of a visit to the "Imperial" a happy one. Tariff from £ 4 / 4 / - per week or 12/6 a day. The nearest Railway Point to the Famed Jenolan Caves. I t a l a Cars Daily from the " I m p e r i a l " to the Caves.

HOTEL

The Hotel "Imperial de-la-Paix,"

M t . Victoria.

I


Ships' Bottoms' Composition and Anticorrosive Paints. CONTRACTORS TO ADMIRALTY

AND INDIAN OFFICE, COMMONWEALTH AND STATE GOVERNMENTS

S u p p l i e d to—

S u p p l i e d to—

A. U. S. N. CO.LTD. HOWARD SMITH, LTD. UNION S.S. CO.LTD. McILWRAITH, McBACHARN &CO. LTD.

RED

ILLAWARRA S.S. CO LTD. LANGLEY BROS. ADELAIDE CO. LTD HUDDART, PARKER & CO. LTD. NORTH COAST CO. LTD.

HAND

Manufactured

in London.

LEVER BROS., 4 c . ftc

BURNS, PHILP & CO. LTD

BRAND Over 1,

Tons of H.M. Navy is at present coated with the R E D HAND BRAND. A l l C o l o u r s Anticorrosive S u p p l i e d f o r Boattops, Topside, Deck (Q. I n s i d e Paints AGENTS WITHIN

N . S . W . : BANKS BROS.. Corner Spring and Pitt Sts., Sydney.

COMMONWEALTH: Q u e e n s l a n d : WEBSTER & CO., Mary Street, Brtabane.

V i c t o r i a : C L E V E L A N D & G E O R G F , Queen St. Melbourne. S o u t h A u s t r a l i a : B. CONNOR, 3 Grenfell St., Adelaide.

C H A S . B E R N A Y S , Edward Street

Brisbane.

• W e s t A u s t r a l i a : DENNY BROS., Fremamle.

Commonwealth Representative: GEO J. BANKS.

BANKS BROS. SHIP BROKERS and GENERAL AGENTS RoyalCableInsurance Buildings Address: " TORRES."

SYDNEY

PROMPT ATTENTION CIYEN ALL ENQUIRIES PURCHA8INC AND SELLINC OF CRAFT

Cr, Pitt and Spring Streets Telephones: City 6590 and 3455.


A.U.S.N. Co.s GUIDE.

145

New South Wales. .WW South Wales has a population estimated 1916 at 1,858,5 44. Its total trade in 1910-7 amounted to £173,784,101, of which £76,228,079 was imports and ££95,555,482 exports, showing a difference to credit of £31,720,803 over imports. The live stock of the State amount to 37,000,000 sheep. 2,700,000 cattle, and 730,000 horses, while an area upwards of 3,280,000 acres was in 1917 under wheat. There are 4,437 miles of railway lines open for traffic, penetrating the interior in all directions. In the Government Savings Bank in credit to 885,891 depositors is £41,287,812 or £40 12s. Id. average per head. The State Loan indebtedness is £138,138,340 ,or £74 per head of population, the annual interest bill being £4,916,203. Little need be said of the progress of this great State beyond these figures, and the fact that wtien Governor Philip landed in Sydney Cove on January 20, 1788, the fleet accompanying him totalled in tonnage the A.U.S.N. Co.'s Wyreema, the arrivals numbered a few more than 1,000 persons, the necessities of life were brought with the ships, and barter was for years the common necessity of trade.

Challis House and Offices of the N.S. Wales Government Tourist and Information Bureau, Martin Place, Sydney. EW SOUTH WALKS, the Mother State of Australia, has an area of about 309,460 square miles. In shape, it is an irregular four-sided figure with an extreme breadth, from the_ Pacific Ocean to South Australia at the 141 meridian, of 850 miles, and its exereme length of about 900 miles. The country may be divided into three distinct portions. The Coast District which lies between the Dividing or Coast range is in width from 20 to 100 miles; a region of rugged mountains and fertile valleys, gentle slopes and steep activities, watered by numerous streams and settled by a steadily progressive population. Prom the Coast district the country rises abruptly to the height of between two and three thousand feet, spreading out into broad tablelands. On the eastern side, and especially where flanked by the Coast range the descent is often precipitous; and in the earliest period of settlement, the barrier interposed by the perpendicular rocks, which form the eastern edge of the tableland, prevented the colonists from penetrating to the interior for a quarter of a century. This tableland is generally undulating, with open forest and lightly-timbered downs, and is in elevation of from two to three thousand feet with a manificent climate. Westward these tablelands emerge into the great level western plains. Great areas of open downs, dotted here and there with lew range or granite hills, but generally vast areas of level country of rich black soil and sandy luam, the home of millions of sheep.

N

Throughout this country railways have been constructed, and tourists may enjoy in ease and comfort, journeys in every direction— visiting the old-time mining centres, the rich farming districts, or the great pastoral areas of NTew South Wales. What wonderful progress has been made in the intervening years from the first settlement may be gauged by those'who visit not merely Sydney, but push inland to the great well-watered Riverina, onwards towards the Darling, northwards towards the Queensland border, or southwards into the great dairying districts. On such a journey the visitor crosses hundreds of miles of magnificent country, rich in agricultural and pastoral wealth, and relieved by glimpses, of glorious scenery, and flourishing towns. Such prosperity as one would see, attained in so short a time, is a wonder of the world.

Outward Bound, Sydney Heads.


146

Around the Coasts of Australia a n d Fiji.

BURNS, P I P & COMPANY, I I AUSTRALIAN MERCHANTS, SHIPOWNERS, SHIPACENTS AND AGENTS FOR WORLD TOURIST AND PASSENGER TRAFFIC. Registered Capital: Paid-Up Capital:

£2,000,000. £1,050,000.

Directors: COLONEL HON. SIR JAMES BURNS, M.L.C., K.G.M.G., C h a i r m a n . JAMES FORSYTH, Esq. SIR JAMES R. FAIRFAX. HON. J. T. WALKER. THEODORE C. AMSDEN, E s q . RIGHT HON. LORD INCHCAPE. General Manager: P. G. BLACK. Secretary: R. J. NOSWORTHY. \Y.

H. LUCAS.

Chief Inspector: L E W I S ARMSTRONG. Inspectors: J. MITCHELL.

F . O. GREENWOOD.

Head Office: 9 BRIDGE ST., SYDNEY. LONDON OFFICE: 35 CRUTVHED FRIARS, SAN FRANCISCO OFFICE: 407 CALIFORNIA MELBOURNE ADELAIDE FREMANTLE GERALDTON BRISBANE i SO WEN CAIRNS

CHARTERS TOWERS COOKTOWN NoRMANTON THURSDAY ISLANDTOVYNSYILLE AUCKLAND, N.Z. WELLINGTON, N.Z.

Branches: PORT MORESBY SAMARAI FAISI GIZO MAKAMBO YILA NUKUALOFA

E.G. ST. HAAPAI APIA SUVA LEYUKA TARAWA SOURABAYA SAMARANG

BURNS, PHILP & COMPANY, LIMITED, have t h i r t y - o n e B r a n c h e s and Offices in A u s t r a l i a , the Pacific Island G r o u p s , P a p u a (New G u i n e a ) , J a v a , New Zealand, and at 35, Crutched F r i a r s , London, E.C., and California Street, San F r a n c i s c o . T h e y act a s Agents for the Nippon Yusen Kaisha, the B r i t i s h - I n d i a Company, A u s t r a l a s i a n United S t e a m Navigation Company, Toyo Kisen Kaisha, and other S t e a m e r and Railway L i n e s all over the World, and as Agents or C o r r e s p o n d e n t s for nearly every i m p o r t a n t S t e a m s h i p Company in the W o r l d . BURNS, PHILP & COMPANY, LIMITED, also own a Fleet of S t e a m e r s which t r a d e r e g u l a r l y to J a v a and Singapore, to P a p u a (New G u i n e a ) , T h e Solomon Islands, New Hebrides, Gilbert, Ellice and M a r s h a l l Island G r o u p s , Norfolk, Lord Howe, Fiji and to o t h e r p a r t s of the Pacific. All i n t e n d i n g p a s s e n g e r s by any Steamship Line, by any Route, in any c l a s s , to any p a r t of the W o r l d should c o n s u l t t h i s C o m p a n y ' s T o u r and Travel D e p a r t m e n t for i n f o r m a t i o n applicable to the v a r i o u s L i n e s and Routes, irrespective of the direction in which they desire to travel. Full Particulars on Application.

Itineraries Mapped out Free.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

147

Routes of Burns, Philp & Co.'s Island Tours. Full Particulars on Application.

N

Itineries Mapped Out Free.


148

Around the Coasts of Australia a n d Fiji.

The Hawkesbury Bridge, N. C .W.

Palmer Cord Tyres for " Over the Hills and Far Away."

PALMER CORD TYRES are good right through,—strong from tread to tube. You can depend on them ALWAYS—under ANY conditions. Speed up as high as you wish—traverse rough roads, through creeks and over stony ridges—and at the finish you'll find your Palmer Cord Tyres in much better condition than you'd naturally expect. That is because they are BUILT right—impregnated cords replace canvas and make a base impervious to heat, strain and moisture. " PALMERS ARE TRUE BRITISH."

ASK FOR PRICE LISTS.

THE

Silvertown Rubber Co., 279 George Street, SYDNEY.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

The House for British Electrical and Rubber Goods. " S I L V E R T O W N , " L O N D O N , where our factories are located, gives regular employment to over 4000 British work people. There, where the famous Silvertown Telegraph Cables and the Palmer Cord Tyres are made, a great British organisation concentrates on the manufacture of all Rubber and Electrical Specialities.

The Electrical Supplies include all the essentials for lighting any place, from a small room to a township. Eledric Lamps, Cookers, Torches, Bells, Batteries, Accumulators etc. can be supplied ex stock. Contracts for electrical installations or the erection of Telephones are carried out by a staff of experts. Estimates given on request.

The Rubber Department stocks British-made Hose, Engine Packings, Rubber Mats, Sheeting, "Silvertown" Balata Beltings, "Silver King" Golf Balls, Ebonite in sheet, rod, and tube. Rubber Goods of all kinds for domestic, surgical, or engineering purposes.

"'Silvertown'' means Genuine-British!

THE

Silvertown Rubber Co., 279 George Street, SYDNEY.

149


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

I5Q

LINDEMAN'S FAMOUS

CAWARRA WINES Have, since 1830, been made on the principle that gives the highest quality for the least possible cost to the consumer. It is the principle of specialisation.

IN A

CAWARRA ".VINEYARD. '.HUNTER

RlVERjJDISTRICT,

NSW.

7 E have not scattered our vast resources When you want the best, whether it be Port and experience over the other States and ,J ' G l a r e t > B u r g u n d y i chahVlSt sht>rryi H o c k o r M wine-growing districts. We have con, .. ., â&#x20AC;&#x17E; ' ' centrated upon two famous wine-growing remember I he name CAWARRA," ask for it, and localities, Corpwa, and the famous Hunter River hills. Th us, by producing wines of the very highest Gase lots of Ihese high-grade wines supplied quality at the very lowest cust, \ p are in a position direct. to offer t he public special vintages of rare excellence. WRITE TO-DAY FOR PRICE LIST, MAILED FREE.

w

LINDEMAN LIMITED,

CENTRAL OFFICE AND CELLARS,

Q.V. Markets, SYDNEY

*


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

151

1—p-

CITY OF •""V

\ ~

SYDNEY

AeMdhoitfPt:-.

Blues P 1

*J J

10

^TfcKscw

"••

P O R T


152

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

George-street, Sydney, T o w n Hall and Queen V i c t o r i a M a r k e t s ICE ERRATICS OF

BULL! COAL SEAM BOMBO

\

I HELENSBURGH

..... 1 COALCHFr

SYDNEY ST PETERS

C i r c u l a r Quay, Sydney.

NARRABEEN


A.V.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

153

SYDNEY. YDNEY, the capital city of New South Wales, on Port Jacluon, is the fifth port of the Empire. The shipping trade is only exceeded by that of London, Liverpool, the Tyne, and Cardiff, while in population its increase has been marvellous. Into this port early in 1788 sailed the First Fleet that had ever disturbed this wonderful stretch of waters, comprising 11 vessels, with an aggregate tonnage, nor more than 3,800 tons, and 1,100 souls on board! To-day it has a population of over 700,000 in its city boundaries of 148 cqtuare miles, while the State itself has grown to a population of over 1,800,000, and the shipping of the port to the number of 10,000 ships per annum, with a tonnage of over eight and a-halif millions.

S

Port Jackson ranks as a natural harbour in the complete sense of the word. The entrance between the great sandstone bluff headlands is but a mile in width with a depth of not less than 80 feet clear of danger; its waters are deep; its steep foreshores provide uxeellent shelter for vessels at anchor, and ships of the heaviest draft can manoeuvre in it with ease and safety. For 13 miles, as the craw flies, Sydney Harbour extends inland, but the foreshores on either hand is broken into so many bays and coves that though the harbour does not average a mile in width throughout its entire length, it possesses a total coast line of about 200 miles, and an area of water surface 15 square miles. The Harbour Trust Commissioners control the whole of the wharfage, and have now some big schemes devised to cope with the trade of the port, and when they are completed, Port Jackson will be able to accommodate vessels of 00,000 tons. The latitude is 33deg. 54min. 41sec. S., and longitude 151deg. 12min. 42sec. E. The maximum high-water depth in the eastern channel, used by the deep-sea shipping, is 40 feet, and the minimum five feet less. In anticipation of larger vessels using the port, these channels have been dredged, and when the work is completed it is claimed that the deepest draught vessel will be able to navigate the ha'rbour in perfect safely. The wharves are situated along the southern shore from WooUoomooloo Bay to White Bay, and the control of the foreshores is vested in the Sydney Harbour Trust. It is the policy of the Trust at present to provide berths for oversea

In Sydney Harbour. vessels between WooUoomooloo Bay and the gasworks on the east side of Darling Harbour, reserving the east and west sides of the Circular Quay for the various mail and passenger liners. The A.U.S.N. Co.'s wharves are in Darling Harbour, in close proximity to Sussexstreet, the centre of an important produce trade, and but a short distance from George-street, a tram line passing close to the wharf. In WooUoomooloo Bay there are over a dozen berths, the aggregate length of which is nearly 4,500 feet. At Circular Quay, the head of Sydney Cove, the length of berths is 5,362 feet. On the southern side piers and pavilions have been constructed for the ferry steamers, and on the eastern and western sides the wharfage accommodates the large oversea mail vessels.

Map of the Environs of Sydney.

v

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154

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

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Whatever Port of Australia or the Pacific Islands the A.U.S.N. Company's Steamer calls at . . . .

HORDERN BROTHERS SYDNEY Will deliver

Drapery Millinery Costumes Clothing' Boots a n d S h o e s F r e e at their Sydney Prices.

whieh we supply free.

A Cordial Invitation extended to Visitors to Sydney at any time to walk arouud OUR ESTABLISHMENT in Pitt Street, Sydney (The Centre of Fashions).

Hordern Brothers Sydney's Leaders of Fashions

203-211 PUT STREET

and right through to 422 George Street,

SYDNEY.

****************************************************** **********************************************************************^

JJ**************************************************^

£** *** *** *** *** *** -*-**

of 203-211 Pitt Street

Kindly Write for Fashion Books, Patterns, Price Lists, Etc.,

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A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE. West of Dawes' Point, and along the eastern shore of Darling Harbour, the frontage is entirely occupied by wharves and jetties, where cargoes are landed in the heart of the city. The accommodation available is certainly in some instances amongst the finest in the world. The wharves are connected with the main railways of the tSate, refrigerating machinery, electric lighting, and cold-storage space are provided, and large sheds for grain, wool, and other produce have been erected. The total length of berths in Sydney Harbour is nearly 50,500 feet, and further extensions are under consideration. When the stranger passes through the majestic portals of this peerless harbour and approaches the capital, there is gradually revealed a series of most enchanting views in which seascapes and landscapes at first appear intermingled, till, within closer range of vision, their complete features stand out separately and definitely in all their detailed beauty, as a flower queen, bedecked in the rarest blooms, presents them for admiration and comment. Such is the harbour of Port Jackson, with its foreshores or frontage measuring approximately 200 miles. Its clear and deep blue waters form innumerable picturesque bays and inlets, winding, and penetrating, in all directions among the sandstone hills. About the upper portion of the harbour and along the Parramatta and Lane Cove rivers are covered, densely in some places, with virgin bush and shrub, and wild flowers are plentiful in many localities. At Circular Quay, North Shore, and other central parts of the harbour the ranges of high buildings which break up the sky line indicate that a populous commercial centre, pulsating with the varied activities ,of industrial life, abuts to the water's edge. Its waterside suburbs are studded with residences presenting many fine features of architecture, and these stately homes of the fortunate command far-reaching panoramic views, unsurpassed for picturesqueness in any part of the world. These suburbs and all the other residential localities which environ the capital are connected by tramway and ferry systems that afford extensive cheap effective services. It is claimed that notable travellers have placed the tramway systems of Glasgow and Sydney as the best in the world. From elevated points on the coast line may be obtained delightful panoramic views of the bold coastal promontories, the connecting chain of beaches, and the broad expanse of the Pacific.

155

North Head, Botany Bay. On a moonlight summer evening the harbour looks like a veritable fairyland. The city gleams with long strings of lights, and the brilliant electric arcs which outline the rendezvous of the ferry steamers at Circular Quay presents quite an enthralling spectacle. Thousands of dazzling lights on shore and on the ferry steamers hurrying to and fro are multiplied a hundred fold by the broken reflections of the waters whose surface is stirred by the quickly moving boats. In passing the Quay-way the moon's pale beams reveal the shadowy silliouettes of ocean giants lying silently at anchor, surrounded by a flood of long, still, glowing reflections of their own illuminations; while beyond the faint dark outline of the neighbouring hills furnishes an appropriate background to the fantastic and fascinating scene. Such spectacles as these, together with glorious sunsets, concerts on the water, dancing at waterside pavilions, evening picnics on the harbour and river, are delightful experiences, which leave permanent impressions on the memories of visitors to Sydney.

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156

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

A.U.S.N. Co.*s GUIDE.

short entrancing trips among delightful bays and headlands—that it might have been designed by nature as a place in which to revel and make merry. Recognising that it would occupy days (by ordinary means of transit) to see even a few of the most beautiful and popular of the harbour resorts, the Government Tourist Bureau has arranged for a weekly all-day trip around the harbour in a special observation steamer. In this way visitors can see more in a single trip than they would during a week by the ordinary means of inspection.

Concerning Sydney's climate, the difference between the average summer and winter readings of the thermometer is but 17 degrees, and experiences of excessive heat or cold are extremely rare. The metropolis is well supplied with parks and gardens—notably the Botanic Gardens, beautifully situated between the Domain and the Harbour and facing Farm Cove. The Domain, an extensive park, in which the National Art Gallery, Mitchell's Famous Library, and other buildings, are located, fronts the foreshores of Farm Cove and Woolloomooloo Bay. Hyde Park lies in the heart of the city, and Centennial Park, which is perhaps the most extensive and best cultivated recreation area in the Commonwealth, is reached by a short trip on the Eastern Suburbs trains. The area covered by this fine park is 552 acres. It is splendidly laid out, there being, in addition to the ordinary footpaths and thoroughfares, a well maintained circular road for driving and motoring. The ideal facilities for all kinds of aquatic sports and recreation, naturally popularise yachting, rowing, bathing, and kindred pastimes during the spring and summer seasons, and even in mild days during autumn and winter. A wide choice of harbour resorts and ocean beaches for surfing or picnicing may be reached within half an hour from the city by electric tram or ferry boat. It has been truly said that Sydney presents so many pleasure resorts to the visitor—so many

Close to the city there are numerous beaches of firm and silvery sand which are the resorts of tens of thousands of people, who indulge in that most delectable of summer pastimes—surfing. There is no lovelier sight in the world than Sydney Harbour on a moonlight night, with the great fleet of ferry boats passing up and down the 20 miles length, and across the narrow breadth of it. There are over 100.000 people residing in the suburbs on the other side of the harbour, and Ihe sights and scenes on Circular Quay what time the populace pour into and out of the city at from 8 to 9 o'clock in the morning and in the evening are interesting. This same Circular Quay is the one place on the noble waterfront that has wharves worthy of a maritime city that is destined to rival London itself. The city has four excellent daily papers (two published in the morning and two in the evening) which are as enterprising as any papers in the Empire, are largely staffed, and well written, and each daily has a cartoonist. Both to the north and south of Sydney great national forest reserves have been created as recreation grounds for the citizens. National Park, eighteen miles south of Sydney, comprises 33,720 acres of beautifully wooded hills and valleys, with an eastward boundary of beautiful ocean beaches and headlands. To the north, Kuringgai Chase, with 35,000 acres, bordering the southern bank of the Hawkesbury—a river which for exquisite scenery Anthony Troltope, the novelist, ranked even above the Mississippi or the Rhine.

157

Places of Interest to Visitors. Visitors to Sydney should make their first call at the Government Tourist Bureau, Chains' House, Martin Place, opposite the G.P.O., where the fullest information will be supplied them concerning the various excursions around Sydney and the tourist resorts throughout New South Wales. Permits to view public institutions are obtainable at the Bureau. City Railway Booking Office is also in Challis House, where tickets may be obtained for all stations, and sleepers and seats reserved. Taxi-cab farres are 1 / - per mile for two persons, and motor cars can be hired for 1 5 / - per hour for four persons. Public Institutions.—Many of Sydney's chief public buildings are io be found in the vicinity of the Domain, Hyde Park, and the Botanical Gardens. But a short distance from Circular Quay, turning to the left, and skirting the Domain along Macquarie-street, one passes in succession the Treasury, and Offices of Chief Secretary and Works Minister at the corners of Bridge-street. Further along on the right hand side, corner of Bent-street, is the Public Library (open from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m.; Sunday afternoon 2 to 4) ; and apposite it, the Mitchell Library, where is a wonderful collection of historical matter relative to Australia, with which may be mentioned, as also in Bent-street, the Government Printing Office (Tuesday 11 a.m.— 4 p.m.; permit needed). Proceeding along Macquarie-street are the Houses ,of Parliament, Sydney Hospital, and Royal Mint, all on the left-hand side (permits are required). Next comes the District Court, opposite which is St. James' Anglican Church, at the corner of King-street, with the Supreme Court buildings adjoining. Here, at the corner of Hyde Park, is Prince Albert Statu*, and just beyond, on the opposite side, is St. Mary's (R.C.) Cathedral in College-street. Further on, after passing Cook Park, is the Australian Museum, a most interesting centre, at the corner of William and College streets, and near it the Sydney Grammar School. The Art Gallery is in the Outer Domain, close to the places just mentioned. The Mineralogical and Agricultural Museums are in George-street north. Botanical Gardens, Inner and Outer Domain, and Hyde Park (Capt. Cook's Statue) are all within a few minutes' walk from Macquarie-

H<wuke«t>iu-y

street. The Gardens, beautifully situated on the shores of Farm Gove; the fine collection of native flora is of special interest. The Post Office extends through from George-street to Pittstreet, with frontage to Martin Place; there is a line outlook from Tower (permit needed). In George-street are the Mineralogical and Agricultural Museums (George-street North), the Queen Victoria Markets, with frontage also to York-street. Opposite is the Masonic Hall, in York-street. In George-street, next to the Markets, stands the Sydney Town Hall, with its magnificent organ; and beyond this again is St. Andrew's (Anglican) Cathedral. Sydney Railway Station, now one of the sights of Sydney, is directly in line with the end of Pitt-street tram (!}) and beyond this again is the Prince Alfred Park, with Exhibition Buildings. University Buildings in Victoria Park, George-street West. Technical College, Museum, and High School, Harris-street, Ultimo. Model School, Fort-street, Observatory Hill. Moore Park, with Zoological Gardens, Sports, Agricultural and Cricket Grounds. Reached by Coogee, Randwick, and La Perouse tram in Elizabeth-street. Observatory, Argyle-street, Miller's Point train (permit). Churches.—In addition to those abovementioned are:—Methodist, Lyceum, Pitt-street; Congregational, 204 Pitt-street; Presbyterian (St. Stephen's), 162 Philip-street; Baptist, Kent and Bathurst-streets; Hebrew Synagogue, 187 Elizabeth-street; Unitarian, 177J Liverpool-street; Scots Church (Pres.), York-street and Charlotte Place; St. Phillip's (Anglican), York-street and Charlotte Place; Christ Church (Anglican), Georgestreet, Haymarket. Theatres.—Her Majesty's, Pitt and Market-streets; Royal, Castlereagh and King-streets; Lyceum Hall and Palace Theatre, 259-2G1 Pitt-street; Criterion, Pitt and Park-streets; Adelphi, near Railway Station; Tivoli, 81 Castlereagh-street; Glaciarium, George street West. Also numerous Picture Palaces.

A.U.S.N. Vessels at Company's Wharves, Sydney.

s.s. " Wyandra."

s.s. " Aramac

s.s. " P i l b a r r a .

s.s. " Kyarra."


Around the <

158

Australia and Fiji.

Australia's Mammoth Store

The New

Palace Emporium BRICKFIELD HILL

N

Twenty Acres of Floor Space in the Heart of the City

ANTHONY HORDERNS FOR EVERYTHING Anthony Horderns' New Palace Emporium is the best house for Family Drapery, for Men's Outfitting, for Fashions up-to-date, for all Travelling Requisites, for the Man on the Land and for everything wanted to carry on the business of life. = Customers Ordering by Post are treated the same way as those buying at the Counter. The same price? are charged, selections are made from the same stocks and everything sent to the country is carefully packed by experienced men.

ANTHONY HORDERN & SONS I SYDNEY. Only Universal Providers

New Palace BRICKFIELD

LIMITED

Emporium HILL

I

H

LIVE


A.U.S.N.

L'S GUIDE.

159

Sydney Tramways. Tourist Tram Cars are run to the principal resorts daily in summer; full particulars at the Government Tourist Bureau. All direct city trams (except Ocean-street—Watson Bay and Pyrin on t—Miller's Point) converge on Circular Quay, which is also the terminus of the ferry boats. Trams are the best means of viewing Sydney and surroundings, and the tourist should take a series of journeys over these lines, especially should they visit the following centres:—• Balmain, a shipbuilding centre on the western shore of Darling Harbour; tram route via George-street. At Balmain is the deepest coal shaft in the Southern Hemisphere; sunk 3009 feet to the coal measures which, basin shape, stretch beneath Sydney, from Illawarra on the south to Newcastle on the north, charming glimpses of city and river from heights, or by ferry, Erskine-street, Darling Harbour. Splendid views of harbour and ocean are to be obtained here. Bondi Beach.—Popular seaside resort; fine ocean beach; municipal baths, with facilities for surf bathing. Botany Bay.—Scene of Captain Cook's landing. Route via Elizabeth-street; distance, 8 miles from Circular Quay. Branch to La Perouse passes Botany Cemetery, where many interesting monuments, removed from old Devonshire-street Cemetery, were placed. Return journey via Long Bay and Kensington tram. Time to Botany, 70 minutes.

Railway Bridge over the Hawkesbury River. Bronte Beach.—Tram via Elizabeth-street line. Splendid surf battling. Coogee.—Fine beach and swimming basin. Passes Sydney Cricket Ground, Royal Society's Grounds (Show at Easter), Zoological Gardens, and Randwick Racecourse. Gars via Elizabeth-street. Time, 40 minutes. Drummoyne and Ryde.—Picturesque suburbs. Route, Georgestreet, following Balmain line to Roselle junction; crosses Iron Gove Bridge, 380 yards long; passing municipal baths, follows winding road, with many pretty views, and crossing the Parramatta River, continues through Gladesville to Ryde; extensive fruit-growing district. Train Journey, 74 minutes. Glebe Point.—Favourite suburb; many elegant homes. Across narrow bay with electrically operated swing bridge is Glebe Island Abattoir. Route via George-street. Terminus gives views Upper Harbour waters. Time, 28 minutes. La Perouse.—Named after French navigator who visited Botany Bay, 1788: subsequently lost in the islands of the South Seas. Monument erected by Frencli Government near grave of Chaplain Perc Recevcur. Across Bay, at Kurnei, is Cook's landing place. La Perouse is a cable station connecting with New Zealand. Route, past Zoo and Kensington Racecourse; branch to Rifle Range; through open country to Long Bay, seaside resort of growing popularity; past Female Penitentiary and Coast Hospital. Time, 56 minutes. Manly to Brookvale and Narrabeen.—From Circular Quay by steamer to Manly, whence electric tram runs to Brookvale, in the heart of the wild flower country of French's Forest. Oxford Falls are two miles distant. Tram continues daily to Narrabeen Beach, 6 miles from Manly. Milson's Point.—From Circular Quay ferry (fare id.). Trams connect for Suspension Bridge, Middle Harbour ( I d . ) : also via Military Boad, connecting with the Neutral Bay, Mossman's and Spit Services. Mosman.—A charmingly situated residential quarter on arm of Port Jackson. Ferry from Circular Quay (2d.). Tram up steep road to Bridge-street, many feet above sea level, affording lovely views of harbour. At Spit Junction, cars can be taken for Middle Harbour. Returning cars follow Military Road, passing St. Leonard's Park, and through North Sydney to Milson's Point Ferry. Time, Mosman lo Milson's Point, 39 minutes. Sans Saucl and Sandringham.—Head of Botany Bay. connected by steam tramway with railway at Kogarah (7 miles from Sydney). Tram meet trains leaving Sydney hourly. The Spit.—A long tongue of land reaching almost across Middle Harbour opposite Clontarf, a favourite picnic spot. A few minutes'


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

I6Q

Cataract Dam—a Source of Sydney's Water Supply. tram jurney from Spit Road Junction on Mosman line, one reaches steam punt, which forms connecting link on road to Manly. Ferry from Circular Quay calls at Athol and Clifton Gardens, Balmoral and the Spit. Steamers (summer only) ply between the Spit and Manly. A tram also connects the Spit with Manly. A direct tram service also connects Cremorne with The Spit. Watson's Bay.—At South Head. Route along King-street, skirting Rushcutters, Double, and Rose Bays, climbing heights to the Gap and Lighthouse, thence to terminus, near Ferry Wharf, Watson's Bay. Series of magnificent harbour and ocean views. Time, 51 minutes. Fare, 4d. Return by steamer, 4d. Parramatta, Baulkham Hills, and Castle Hill.—A steam tramway connects Parramatta with orange groves and orchards of Baulkham Hills. Leaving Pairramatta Station (rail from Sydney), route is through

business part of town, near Parramatta Park, with its splendid avenue of oaks, old Government House, Lady Fitzroy Monument, and South African Soldiers' Memorial; extensive woollen mills two miles out; through orchard country the line proceeds to pretty village of Baulkham Hills, and on, through numerous orange groves, to Castle Hill. Time of tram journey, 39 minutes. Fare 5d. Trams meet trains leaving Sydney at 30 minutes past the hour. Return to Sydney by river steamer, to complete round trip from Parramatta. Tourists' Harbour Trip leaves Fort Macquarie, east of Circular Quay, every Thursday at 10 a.m. and 2.15 p.m. Fares, 2 / - and 1/-. Lunch, 2 / - . Tourist Motor Cars leave daily at 10.30 a.m. and 2.30 p.m. from Government Tourist Bureau. Fares, 5 / - and 6/-, according to route. All day inclusive trips, 15/-.

Sydney University.

/


161

A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE.

Sydney to The Blue Wloun tains and Tablelands Tourist Districts.

Leap Waterfall is 520 feet perpendicular. Rodriquez Pass and the Grand Canycn are among the most magnificent mountain sights, while motor runs daily to the Jenolan Caves.

Th(

lountains.

Westward, tf Sydney, the Blue Mountains attain an altitude of 3,000 feet at a distance of GO miles. The scenery is of rare magn!hcencc. Through countless centuries the rivers at the brink of the tablelands have carved cut stupendous gorges, compraable with the famous canyons of Colorado. The traveller in the mountains carries away memories of graceful waterfalls leaping from the brink of giant cliffs, gleaming roeknwalls, of enormous height with eucalyptuscovered slopes at their feet, and broad valleys, where tall trees, seen from above, seem but a dark green carpet, and a river but a silver thread. The rarefied atmospheres that blew from off the eucalyptus forests have a wonderfully exhilarating and bracing effect upon the system. Wentworth Falls (62 miles).—Railway Station, 2,900 feet above sea level. The falls are one of the finest sights on the mountains, easy paths along the face of the cliffs lead to the beautiful Valley r~i the Waters, containing a large number of splendid cascades and waterfalls. Leura (05 miles) is within easy reach of Jersey Falls, Silver t a k e and Minni-ha-ha Falls. On the Southern side of railway line are Leuar Park, also Leura, Linda, and Gordon Falls. Many remarkable views may be obtained of the Valley of the Jamieson. There are excellent golf links. Katoomba (66 miles) is now the largest health resort on Blue Mountains. Population about 2,000. The town commands magnflcent panoramic views of mountain. The Falls are within a mile of Railway Station, with many curious rocks, such as the Three Sisters and Orphan Rock. Nelly's Glen, Fern Gully, and Cliff View are all favoured beauty spots. There are daily motor rides to Jenolan Caves. Medlow Bath (69 miles), 3,446 feet, is the show place of the mountains, with its magnificent, well-equipped Hotel and Hydroipathic establishment, overlooking Kanimbia Valley. Blackheath (73 miles), 3.494 feet above sea level, is next in size to Katoomba. Here are the famous Govett's Leap, Evans' Lookout, Wall's Cave, and Horseshoe Falls, all within walking distance. Govett's

Weeping Rock, Wentworth.

. The Limestone caverns.—Wcnaerful systems of limestone caverns exist in different parts.of the State. Of these, the Jenolan Caves are undoubtedly the foremost. They are .situated within a few hours' journey by coach or motor of any of the Blue Mountain centres. The exploration of one of these caverns is an unique experience even for the most travelled tourist. They are a marvellous fairyland of stalactite and stalagmitic formations. Myriads of delicate dripstones, of hues graduating from lemon-yellow to the colour of ripe apricots, and from the deepest chocolate, to the most stainless white, depend from the cave ceilings, while fluted stalagmites, some slender as lead-pencils, others 50 feet in circumference rise upwards from the floor. A trip to the Jenolan Caves should not be omitted by the tourist. The road, which is excellent, crosses the Dividing Range at 4,362 feet; a fine road for coach or motor the whole distance. There is excellent accommodation at Cave House. Visitors may arrange coupon tours in Sydney, covering the whole of their travelling and accommodation expenses for a visit to the Caves, which are the finest in the world. Inspections are made at 10 a.m., 3 p.m., and 7.30 p.m. daliy, including Sunday. Fees 2 / - week-days, 3 / - nights and Sundays. Season tickets 7/0, available for five inspections, exclusive of Sunday. Mount Victoria (77 miles), 3,500 feet. Frcm this point daily coaches and motors run to the beautiful Jenolan Caves, and to all points worth seeing on Mountains; private parties can always obtain suitable vehicles for picnics and jaunts to numerous points of interest. Victoria Falls are five miles from town. From Mount Piddington and Mount York are grand views of surrounding country. Mount Wilson, 17 miles distant, is a very interesting drive.

T h e Northern Line. Brisbane Waters, Tuggerah Lakes and Lake Macquarie.—This northern trip is becoming each year more popular. From Colah to near the Hawkesbury the Northern line runs through a new National Park called Kuring-Gai Chase, which has an area of over 35,000 acres of pieturesque mountain ranges, gorges, and salt water estuaries, a region specially rich in natural flora—an ideal place for camping, boating, and house boats.

The Willows, Jenolan Caves.


162

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

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I


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

163

—a bungalow for trout-fishers on the Tredbo River at its foot, su that every comfort exists for the tourist. It is a district of marvellous wonders, mountains and streams, great lakes and wonderful caves, and is becoming each year a greater centre of holiday life. The district is reached via Goulburn, 134 miles on the southern line, then by branch line to Cooma, 132 miles, thence by coach or motor to The Creel, 40 miles, and Mt. Kosciusko, 10 miles further. Trains leave Sydney every evening (Saturday excepted), connecting in Cooma next morning with regular motor service, which lands passengers at Hotel Kosciusko that afternoon. Particulars of this trip and cost is obtainable at the Tourist Bureau, Chaliis House, Sydney.

Illawarra and South Coast District. Along the Pacific coast of the State, rollers which have swept round h?.:;' Uie world, dash into foam on a long series of magnificent ocean beaches. Thirty miles south of Sydney commences the Illawarra district, a lovely garden lying between the ocean and the ranges, which in places approach quite to the water's edge. The coastal railway here runs through beautiful scenery of mountain, meadow, and ocean, and an excellent motor' road follows the coast line, now cut round the face of a lofty cliff at whose base the rollers are breaking, now striking through bush meadows studded with graceful palms. Townships riot the line, and every accommodation is at hand for a splendid holiday amid beautiful surroundings. The Temple of Baal, Jenoian Caves. Hawkesbury (33 miles).—Here is the magnificent iron railway bridge 3,000 feet in length; ideal spot for fishing and boating. The river scenery here is very beautiful, particularly that between Wiseman's Ferry and Pittwater, a large inlet of the sea running southward from Broken Bay. Combined rail, river, and coach trips every week. Woy Woy (,45 miles).—Beyond the bridge, after passing through a tunnel over a mile in length, the train emerges suddenly on an extensive lake known as Brisbane Water. Woy Woy and Gosford, both on the Broadwater are highly popular as boating and fishing resorts; and from here one may drive across to the Tuggerah Lakes, another chain of salt water lochs nearer the coast. Tuggerah Lakes are also reached from the railway platform of the same name, or from Wyong. Splendid fishing and bathing, with picturesque headlands, and opening out to the ocean by a narrow channel. Lake Macquarie (16 miles) is a fine pleasure resort. Toronto on lake shore is 19 miles from Newcastle. There is excellent accommo • rlation, first-class fishing grounds, pleasure boats on hire. Several trains leave Newcastle daily. Time, 40 minutes. Steamers also call at Toronto for Belmont (14 miles) and Swansea (20 miles), 1/6 re turn.

Mount Kosciusko. "Switzerland in Australia,'' where, as Lawson says:— " The bright moon burns in the grey moraine, And shines on the steep snow-faces; A million light points gleam again Where the loosened ice-fall races. But the snow-peaks tower, like gods who stand, All wise in this old earth's story; With the light of a world in each upraised hand, And bent brows lit with glory." Mt. Kosciusko, the highest point in Australia, 7,328 feet, is Australia's ideal summer resort. It offers to the dweller in the warmer parts a magnificent change of climate and scene. Throughout t.io hottest summer, snowdrifts linger on the Kosciusko ridge, and the temperatures are always sharp and bracing. The mountain is easy of ascent, and a well-made road leads to its very summit. The delights of ice-skating in the open air may be enjoyed on the frozen surface of an artificial lake. In winter, when the descending- snowdrifts bar the road to the heights, the mountains become a centre of attraction for ski-running and tobogganing parties down the great snow slopes. A palatial, well-furnished and artifically-heated hotel has been erected by the Government on the heights of Kosciusko, as well as The Creel

Switzerland in Australia—Hotel Kosciusko—in Summer and Winter.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

164

Native Boat on the Rewa Fijians Rope Making. Beating the Lali.

View at Loma Loma, Lou Group. [Views by Stinson Studio, Suva.

Contingent of Fiji Natives for Service at the Front.

I

[Gai ne's Studio, Suva.


165

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

Botanical Gardens.

Grand Pacific Hotel, Suva.

[Photo Caitie's Studio, Suva.

The Fiji Islands.

T

HE Fiji Islands comprise a group of islands and islets lying around 20 deg. S. lat. and 180 E. long., 1,740 miles N.E. from Sydney, a like distance due east of Cairns, and due north of Auckland, N.Z., about 1,140 miles. The round trip of these gems of the Pacific affords one of the most delightful methods of spending a three weeks' glorious holiday, and a visit to these far-off lovely islands of the Southern Seas will remove the impression that the Garden of Eden was lost to mankind with the fall of Adam, for no part is other than a beauteous splendour and one loses all sense of time and hurry in the warm beauty otf these tropic isles. The charming scenery of the islands, so different from anything to which Australians are accustomed in their own country, except in Northern Queensland, never fails to win the enthusiastic praises of every visitor from the Commonwealth. The A.U.S.N. Company's fine new twin-screw steamer " Levuka," 6,130 tons, with extensive promenade deck, has been specially designed for this service, and has remarkably fine accommodation. The round trip from Sydney occupies 19 days, and those who desire a longer voyage can avail themselves of the Inter-Island steamer " Amra," which connects with the " Levuka" every voyage, and goes on a seven days' tour through the group. For those requiring the rest and refreshment of an extended sea trip nothing could be more suitable; for here is afforded every advantage of ocean travel

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without the monotony of long weeks, during which nothing can bG seeu except the all-surrounding sea and sky. Amongst the islands the scene is one ever varying beauty, at tto time is the " Amra " more than a few hours out of sight of land, arid one watches atoll and island rise up from the calm sea and reveal itself a brief hour in all its living beauty and realise the wonderful new region, the earthly paradise from which no traveller willingly returns. The best time to visit Fiji is from April to November, when the cool trade winds blow. The temperature then ranges from 68 to 84 degrees, but the climate of Fiji the year round is the healthiest tropical in the world; proved by the deajh-rate being among the lowest and lower than that of the United Kingdom. The latitude of the fijia ia between that of Townsville and Cairns, and the all-equalising sea renders the temperature, as va rule, mild and enjoyable. The first white man to rest his eyes on'the Fijian group was Tasman, the Dutchman, who sailed these sauthern seas in ages When Holland rivalled England for the mastery of the oceans nearly three centuries ago, but he learned little of these wondrous lands which he passed. More than a century later Captain Cook came to the island of Vatoa and passed onwards through the group. During the 18th century the islands were visited by English, French, Dutch, and Spanish mariners, but none of them made any close investigation, and missed

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SÂŤ*ff The Late Governor, Members of the Fiji Legislature and Residents, Suva.

[Cai no's Studio, Suva.


166

Around the Coasts of Australia a n d Fiji.

BURNS. PHILP & CO. .

LTD.

Levuka and Suva,

FIJI. Head Office: SYDNEY, N.S.W.

CAPITAL: £2,000,000 General Merchants, Steamship Owners and Agents Agents at Levuka for Australasian United Steam Navigation Go. Ltd.

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Buyers of Copra, Bananas, Trocas and Pearl Shell and other Island Produce.

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A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE. honours for themselves and their countries. Practically a terra incognita Fiji remained until a small European settlement was formed at Levuka about eighty years ago. Then followed the cotton plantingboom of the late 60's. The natives, however, gave considerable trouble, and the constant internecine warfare prevented progress. The native chief, Thakumbau, appealed to Great Britain to take possession, and im September 23, 1874, the islands were annexed to the British Grown. From that time dates the progress of Fiji. Altogether there are about 200 islands, rocks, and reel's in the Fijian group, of volcanic and coral formation, and of these about 80 arc inhabited. The total area of the colony is 7,440 square miles. The principal islands of the group are Viti Levu, or Great Fiji, covering an area of about 4,110 square miles; Vanua Levu, or Great Land, approximately 2,400 square miles in area; Taviuni—appropriately named " T h e Garden of Fiji"—with an area of 220 square miles; Kaduva, an island of about 120 square miles; Ovalau—once the headquarters of the group with the capital at Levuka—and various smaller islands. Fiji is a Crown colony, administered under a constitution by his Excellency Mr. Cecil Hunter Rodwell, C.M.G., with the assistance of a Legislative Council, of which he is President. This Council consists of 21 members, 12 of whom are nominated, 7 elective, and 2 nominees of Hie native population. All administration is centred at Suva, the capital of the colony, but Britain, following her unique

167

Aeroplane presented by the Natives of Rewa, Fiji, to the Royal Flying Corps.

[Photo Cairne's Studio, Suva.

In Gala Dress. A Samoan Girl in Gala Dress, A Bread Fruit Seller pjawiwj A Fijian. Fiji Girl with Tappa Cloth. and wonderful system of colonisation in Fiji, as elsewhere, has vested Tui—virtually a commissioner of the particular province—under whom considerable auth rtty in the native chiefs, who hold the rank of Roko are the " Bulli's," or rulers of districts, and the headmen of villages, and native police. The population af the colony consists of about 140,000 persons, of whom 3,700 are Europeans, 90,000 are Fijians, and 40,000 are Indians. The remainder are Polynesians, Chinese, and other races. Almost the whole of the land is owned by the natives. The system of Jand settlement is the leasehold tenure. Large areas are reserved for the native population, but, in addition to these, the Government holds large tracts of country for settlement purposes under the leasehold system. For those desirous of embarking in any of the various forms of tropical agriculture there is no lack of land available for settlement, and the conditions are easy. The diffloulty at present is labour. The Indian Government having abolished the practice of indenting native labour from India, new channels are now being considered by the Government to replace this Indian labour, without which it is difficult to maintain a continuous supply at seasons when it is most required because the Fijian native, having earned a little money, usually desires to return for a time to his native town or district. Like most of the natives of the Pacific Islands he is not n consistent worker. He loves to live the life of the lotus-eater. And why blame him ? He is happy. Making Kava.


168

Around t h e Coasts of Australia a n d Fiji.

KOPE CORDAGE AND'

Binder Twine Manufacturers

GEO. K1NNEAR & SONS PROPTY.

LTD.

Factory:

Office and Warehouse:

Ballarat Road, ZCfl I

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ooo LOftSuaie at., MELBOURNE.

^^•••^P*^'

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UUWIWl

"VMM,

FAOTSfRAY Victoria.

EMU BRAND.

AGENCIES IN ALL STATES: SYDNEY: Messrs. 0. Pendergast & Co., Clarence Street. BRISBANE: H. Lord, Charlotte Street. ADELAIDE: S. H. Staclc & Co., 30 Weymouth Street. HOBART: G. Levy, Exchange Buildings.

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169

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

A.U.S.N. T.S. " Levuka."

FROM SYDNEY TO THE FIJIS. : ROM whatever point of view one looks upon a visit to this jewel casket of the Pacific, nothing seems wanting. If it is a charming voyage full of rest but not monotonous, a change from stereotype civilisation to visions glorious of lands and sea, a •naturalist's desire, a zoologist's haven, or an artist's paradise, these Fiji lands embrace all and more. From when the Levuka, like a bird in her smooth ways, clears Sydney Harbour and moving N.N.-East across the warm coastal current, to when the first land looms up five ' days on, no time passes which has not its charm and interest. We steam out through Sydney Heads by a north by east course, and then more easterly when the Solitaries are reached, to clear Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, danger zones on the 30th parallel, and then out to our destination—the Fijis. To the South Seas of old adventure, of glorious surroundings, the home of the wildest legend and truth stranger than fiction has ever wrought, where stories of naughty buccaneers mix in with high missionary endeavour, of trading, massacre and torture, making mild the worst records of the Inquisition. Here on these Fiji Islands you meet a people whose life is so immediately with the past that their history is but of yesterday, and deeds ouirious, and horrible, seem very near.

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The small peaked Walpole Island is passed, and then Matthews' Island, two isolated rocks in mariners' course to the Fijis, then for 700 miles the course is set for the entrance, through the coral girt fringe, to the island of Viti Levu, the largest of the Fijis, and Lautoka.

From Middleton Reef to the Isle of Pines, 140 miles off the southern point of New Caledonia, is about 500 miles. Sometimes this island is sighted like an oasis in a desert, and even the ship steaming past must be a pleasant sight to the " recidivisites "—habitual petty thieves—immured here under the penal laws of France.

On Board the T.S.S. " Levuka.'

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1 Entrance through the Coral Reef, Lautoka.


170

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fin.

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171

A.U.S.N. Co.s GUIDE.

LAUTOKA. AUTOKA lies on the east side of ,Viti Levu, the entrance being some 25 miles south of the settlement through a narrow passage in the circling .Barrier Reef. This 25 miles is a wonderful seaway; always calm, the seas coming from the west beat against the coral reef, flinging great sheets of white spray skyward. Eastward loomed up the fore shore, the fast descending sun lighting up gorge and valley, mountain peak and sloping forest, while westward, from behind a bank of clouds, the sun glanced over a palm-<clad island and, rippling over the sea, broke up the surf on the reef into strings and splashes of glistening silver and gold. Dells and glens intermingled with rugged spots and abrupt precipice, with rivulets breaking from the mountain chain, losing themselves in the dense forest, and comingout as quiet streams (beneath coÂŤo palms, followed us all the way, with the ever-thrashing surf seaward, a monologue to our journey. Darkness had settled over all by when we .reached Lautoka, the great sugar growing centre of Fiji, and a mass of lights on the shore and sparkling dots on the hillside, echoed by the spangled beauty of the sky above, gave us welcome. The doctor's boait churned to the ship's side; the inspection of papers and passengers followed, and soon we were alongside the stone embankment and jetty which juts out into the bay, and were free to go among the hundred whites, Fijians, Samoans, and coolies, welcoming the " Levuka." A couple of hundred yards or more along the jetty and we come to the few buildings that, facing the water, constitute the town. The Custom House and Bond store, Post and Telegraph Offices are here, and a store or two filled with g iods that could be called an omnium

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Lautoka, Fijian Islands.

gatherum of the world. Here also we met " Kava," that drink recorded throughout the world as " the '' South Sea Island drink. Well, it may be; birt the first drink gathered from the wooden Kava bowl in an half coooanut shell is sufficient to set one thinking furiously of its origin, and Pear's soap dissolved in water, slightly tinctured with ginger, comes on one's mind. It is certainly an acquired taste. Kava, or Yangona, is made from the root of the Piper Methysticium, and although anciently it was masticated by the young girls of the village, and then steeped in water to extract its essence, this procedure is prohibited, and small grinding mills or puunding stones are used. The root is ground to a coarse powder, and is then placed in a light cloth, soaked, the stone-coloured juice squeezed through the cloth into the Kava bowl, and from this, drunk from a half coeoanut shell. It is a cooling drink, and has medicinal value. Many white men appreciate Its qualities, and in Suva, Hargreaves' emporium has a Kava parlour where it is on regular and fresh supply. A walk through the great Lautoka sugar mill, the property of the C.S.R. Co., stated to "be the second largest sugar mill in the world, is a revelation, and, undertaken at night, opens one's eyes to the enormous value of this sugar industry' to Fiji. A tour through the sugar fields which stretch for miles around up valley and ridge interlaced with tram lines to every part is a charming trip, while the further possibilities and splendid opportunities for tropical agriculture and stock-raising is met with on every side. In the morning when the sun comes over the mountain range to the east, fading out Nakaroko light south of the port, one of the most wonderous views of mainland, reef, and island, rise to view, repeated if a journey is taken Dirt a mile or two (up the hills or to the verandahs of either of the hotels. Several native villages are adjacent to Lautoka, Namoli, Vitoga, and Vessesai. The first-named is on the foreshore, under a mile from the wharf, with avenues of mangoe and bread-fruit trees, and where typical nativo life is to he seen. The Government Experimental Farm at Natabua is on Saru Creek, about two miles from the wharf. Here can he seen

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Limestone Caves, Yasawa Group, Lautoka.

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Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

172

A. M. BRODZIAK, Ltd.,

MORRIS, HEDSTROM. LIMITED,

General and Indent Merchant.

SUVA and LEVUKA, FIJI. Branches at Lautoka, Ba, Savu Savu, and Taveuni. Exporters of

Paid Up Capital, £50,000. Head Office: SUVA. Branches: SYDNEY, NAUSORI, LABASA.

COPRA, BANANAS, AND TROCAS SHELL

Sole Agents for: General Accident, Fire and Life Assurance Corporation, Ltd. Batavia Sea and Fire Insurance Co. of Batavia. Commercial Union Assurance Corporation, Ltd. New Zealand Portland Cement Co., Ltd. W. D. & H. 0. Wills's Tobaccos and Cigarettes. " Ajax " Cement. " Detroiter " Motor Cars. CASH BUYERS OF ALL ISLAND PRODUCE AT HIGHEST MARKET PRICES.

LLOYDS AGENTS FOR FIJI.

Managing Agents for: Fiji Fruit Co., Limited. Rotuma Traders, Limited. Fiji Co-operative Stores Ltd. Lau Traders, Limited. South Pacific Lumber Co., Limited. FIRE, MARINE and LIFE INSURANCE AGENTS. Cable Address: "JOSKE, SUVA."

WALTER HORNE & Co., Ltd.,

BROWN & JOSKE, AUCTIONEERS

THE DIRECT IMPORTERS.

SUVA, FIJI.

SUVA, FIJI.

The House for: TOURISTS and TRAVELLERS. LADIES' and GENTLEMEN'S TROPICAL OUTFITS.

WINE and SPIRIT MERCHANTS, COMMISSION and GENERAL - SHIPPING and CUSTOM AGENTS. CASH BUYERS OF COPRA AND ALL ISLAND PRODUCE. 1NmTRANP.F

Our Costume and Mercery Departments are Unrivalled in the Pacific.

AfiTCNT^i

Every Convenience for, and Every Assistance given to, Visitors.

Agents for: Colonial Sugar Refining Co., Ltd. The Vancouver-Fiji Sugar Co., Ltd. Penang Sugar Estate. Fiji Shipping Co., Ltd. P. & 0. Steam Navigation Co., Ltd. Huddart, Parker, Ltd. Australian Mutual Society. 'PhoneProvident 130.

PREMISES, HALF A MINUTE FROM WHARF. Telephone 31.

SUVA, FIJI. Visit . . . .

SUVA BUTCHERY, (SUNDERLAND & CO., Proprietors.) Contractors to His Majesty's Navy and Colonial Government. BEEF, SAUSAGES, MUTTON, LAMB, PORK, PICKLED PORK, SUET, DRIPPING, &c, FISH, ICE, BEST NEW ZEALAND BUTTER (Acorn Brand). Cable Address: " Nabora." Shops and Cold Storage

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VICTORIA PARADE.

Quotations given for: TANGYES SUCTION GAS ENGINES. Representatives for: THOMAS COATES, Auckland; ALAMO GAS AND OIL ENGINES.

Western Pacific fierald Published Daily, Monday to Friday (inclusive) 4 p.m., Saturday, 12 Noon.

SUVA,

FIJI.

Circulating throughout the Pacific Islands, New Zealand, Australia, New Guinea, etc., etc.

P.O. Box 51.

,

Caine's Studios, ART PHOTOGRAPHERS,

Victoria Parade, SUVA, FIJI. Magnificent Collection of Views of the Fiji Islands and the Natives. Large and Small Prints—Post Cards, etc. STUDIO AND GENERAL PHOTOGRAPHY OF THE HIGHEST CLASS.

Cbe PolDnesian Gazette. ALL THE NEWS OF THE SOUTH SEAS.

Published every Saturday Morning, and circulated throughout the adjacent archipelagoes, also Australia and New Zealand.

PRINTING OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. BEACH STREET, LEVUKA, FIJI. Stationery for Every Purpose.

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W. A. KING, Proprietor.


A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE. •DDc

173 5aao

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Sr River Scene, Fiji Islands.

a wonderful collection of tropical products, which show the possibilities of development fur this district. A short journey can be made by boat to jVio Island, a mile off the wharf, where sandy beach merges into the jungle and coooanut groves. If a longer stay is possible, a motor boat journey could well be made to the Yasawas, a group of coral islands, cocoanut groves, quiet bays, and giant rocks, which rise from the ocean 30 miles to the west. Here are some Wonderful limestone caves, scarce explored, but very beautiful. For a longer journey advantage could be itaken of the motor road, which runs through pretty scenery and great fields of cane alongside the C.S.R. Co.'s line, for about 20 miles southward, or northward along the same company's line, 48 miles to Tavua Bay. The cane line runs from the mill northward to the Raiwai Mill,' on the Ba River, 25 miles—a run by motor car of two hours each way costs £3 return for four passengers—and on to Tavua, 23 miles further Southward from the Latftoka mill, for over 80 miles runs the line and road along the coast to the Sigatoka River, through miles of sugar cane, with stretches of palm and jungle and vVonderful views of sea, reef, island, and mountain, a beautiful journey. The same scenery is to the northward to the end of the line at Korovou. From here may be reached by horse or foot, 14 miles on, and 2,750ft. above sea level, Nadarivatu, the summer residence of the Governor of the Fijis, and the sanatorium of Fiji. For obtaining a knowledge of the interior tourists, to whom strenu«us walking and rough living is not a deterrent, may travel

View of Su.-a and Harbour.

en from this point to Suva, a journey of 121 miles, by horse, foot, canoe, and launch. On the way the whole of native life and island scenery comes before him in most charming variety. A police magistrate is stationed at iLautoka, with also a white inspector of police. The police force consists of Indians and Fijians, very official looking. The Indian policeman is clad ia tunic, grousers, and tunban; while the Fijian* have white sulus (kilts), and smart belted blue tunic, and, bare-legged, and mop haired, make formidable looking, if picturesque, constables. There are two fine hotels at Lauitoka, the " Lautoka " and " Shamrock," both having splendid views of mountain, valley, sea .and islands. Telephone communication is held with various points, and with Suva the capital.

LAUTOKA TO SUVA. E glide out from Lautoka by the Navalau passage when evening falls, and the lights of ,the4own are just aglimmer, land iirst south and ,then east, travel the 112 miles by the outer passage, seeing nothing of the beauties of the journey, and wonder how, in this reef ^marked way ,the officers guide the vessel.

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The volcanic origin of the island is abundantly apparent in various directions, particularly between Lautoka and Suva. Hot springs, whose vtfaters, as in New Zealand, are used for cooking the food of picnic parties, are of frequent occurrence among the mountains, and the effects of former subterranean activities may frequently be observed. Pelaks, rising in some instances to a heighit of considenably over 4,000ft., and clothed with ;the richest vegetation, add io the beauties of sky and sela, and help to make these islands an earthly paradise, ,where 'every prospect pleases, and man is certainly not more vile than in the regions of whait we are pleased to call civilisation. The trail of wild savagery has long since passed for Fiji, thanks to missionary effort, and the influence of British rule. And we make the beautiful harfbour of Suva, on the south-west =ide of this crab-shaped Viti Levu, when morning comes. To the west a rugged-shaped range rises up along the shore, fantastic, yet wonderous, in its hundred shapes, none more curious than " Joske's Thumb," which in the middle distance rears its huge digit in the nange area. Further away west and north is the main Fiji range, and on sloping hillside and shore front lies the busy seaport of Suva, the capital of the Fijis, and entrepot of most of its commerce, to which we steam between the horns of the great reef.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

174

1869—1870. 6d. Weekly.

J U N E 1918 3d. Daily.

Linked with History.

The Great European War.

Franco-Prussian War. •

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! p jfyfl p Published Daily at Threepence.

S u v a , Fiji.

HISTORY

First published at Levuka in 1869 as a weekly at 6d. per copy; 1871 published twice a week Wednesdays and Saturdays; 1887 it was transferred to Suva its present headquarters; July, 1901, reduced in price from 6d. to 3d.; became a tri-weekly, publishing on Tuesdays., Thursdays, and Saturdays, January, 1911; increased to six pages February, 1915; became Fiji's First Penny Daily, June 1st, 1915; owing to high cost of paper price raised to 3d. on 1st May, 1918. The " Fiji T i m e s " enjoys a wide popularity amongst Australian and New Zealand advertisers, especially amongst Fruit Merchants. It has a splendid cable service and a circulation extending to Australia, New Zealand, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Samoa, and New Guinea. Fruit Pros.pects for coming season sent on application. Casual Advertisements 3 / - per inch per insertion. • Quotations given for periods. P.O. BOX 30 SUVA. Manager: WM. McCREADIE.

CABLE ADDRESS: "SPERMACETI"

W. H.

ERRY, FIJI

SUVA

SHIP, YACHT and BOATM3UILDEK Ship Chandler and Ironmonger. All classes of Ship and Boat'Building work executed with promptitude by the largest and most efficient staff in Fiji. i


Scenes at Suva

s.s. Levuka Suva. Native Village Wharf, Suva. Post and Telegraph Office, Suva

5. Suva Creek. 6. Fiji Constable. 7. Street of all Nations.

S U V A , THE CAPITAL OF THE FIJI ISLANDS. UVA is credited with a total of 109 vessels, and 280,151) tons, of which 279,614 was British. The distance from Sydney is 1,725 miles, and Auckland, New Zealand, 1,140, and these two ports command the chief trade. Tonga is 300 miles east, Samoa 500 miles, and New Caledonia 500 miles west. Suva as essentially British," and though one may have a first feeling of hesitancy in going among the ertowd of big mop-haired Fijians who cluster the wharf, this scarcely lasts, and soon one is mixing among Fijians, Indians, and whites, Solomon Islanders, and Samoans, who meet the vessel, as if no previous history to the place exisited, and we were mot stepping ashore, where 50 years and less ago, unoslt horrible cannibal practices was a principal part of the Fijian moral .code. The mixture of races is notyced on every side as one passes to the end of the wharf, and immediately enters the town. Oriental, Polynesian, Caucasian', all intermingle in varied array. The eversmiling face of -the little thick-set Fijian, wfith the carriage of a born soldier, the slender Orien'tal swathed in picturesque cotton garments, brightly turbaned, his women folk, little and childlike, decked with 'armlets, anklets, noselets, earle'ts, and a wealth of (br8ght-,ooloured necklaces, following behind, and the whites in immaculate while drill suits, busy witli commercial or Government affairs, which centre here from inland and the 250 islands which constitute the group. The business portion of 'the town is adjacent to 4the wharf. Here is situated the large picturesque Post Office, the Custom House, Department of .Agriculture, and offices of the A.U.S.N. Co. From the wharf eastward runs the •Vicitonia Parade, a fine road which leads around the Baty, and also out to the Rewa River and sugar mill at Nausari. Along this parade, fronting the beach, and Thompson-street, whicli joins the parade, are the principal business houses, well appointed shops, and comfortable hotels, and an interesting time may be spent within a few hundred yards of the wharf. Nearby is the " Street of all Nations," and as its name implies, is full 'of Variety. The trade of the Fijis amounts to a total of £3,000,000, alums! equally divided between exports and imports. The chief exports being: Sugar, CI.582.721: bananas, £205,122; copra, £255,913; trocas shell, £25,470; maize, £3,208: hides and pelts, £2,779; rubber, £8,834. To learn, .however, of the islands and their trade the big merchant houses should be visited, not palatial buildings perhaps, island trade does not demand this, but full of incident of travel, trade and barter of the island kingdom, and overseas, for this Suva is a .clearing house for ithe Fijis, and meeting place for traders from the seas adjacent, as the hundred boats of all sizes at .the wharf denote. This wharf has a compeer in the great (cement and rock structure a short distance away. _ The cost is estimated at a quarter of a million. The population of Suva is given as 1,370 whites, 4,200 Indians, and 2,000 Fijians and Pacific Islanders, but this in only approximate.

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Two excellent ciuUo are established—the " F i j i " and .the " »u»»» and .there are five hotels and several good boarding-houses offering excellent aocommlodatio.n; the new Grand Pacific Hotel being a magnificent building. The Government group of lofflces are set on rising ground overlooking the town, and adjacent to the Colonial Secretary's offices is the obilisk to King Thakumbau, the last of the Fijian kings. The Carnegie Library, housed in a most imposing Corintliian structure, is worth visiting. On the foreshore ne'ar here is the Municipal Swimming Baths. The Native Museum is over the Town Hall, and contains a wonderful cblleetion lof taaltive objects, etc. Near here is the Office of the Pacific Cable Board, .connecting the island with all parts of the world, and is open day and pighit. Telephone .communication is established throughout the town, and with all parts of the island, including Levuka, Nasinu, Nauslori, D.avinlevu, iNavua signal station, and the wireless station at "Lauthala Bay, about two miles distant north. The New South Wales atod New Zealand iBanks Wave each branches here, and there is an active iChamber of Commerce, and (several .sporting and athletic clubs, racing, ;go!f, cricket, tennis, etc. Rifle Clubs are established throughout the islands, and many of its members volunteered for the front in,the Empire's war., Over 600 have gone from here, and rendered al splendid account of " llie manhood of these islands." There are two daily papers in Suva, the Fiji " Times " and the " Western Pacific ,Herald," each keeping tip a hi|gh-etiss standard and progressive journalistic ability. Printing works, with up-to-date appliances, are connected with these establishments, and most excellent work produced. ' The Government Printing Office housed ,in a fine well lighted structure is also worth a visit, it .being the .centre where all official work is produced. The Government MospMlal is about a mile from town on a splendid site.

"In Suva Harbour"


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Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Government Offices, Suva. Beligious bodies are well represented, and a visitor has a choice of places of worship; the Anglican pro Cathedral, Holy Trinity, is on the hill near the Town Hall. It is a wooden structure, and possesses a fine organ and a stone font of historic interest. The Presbyterian Church is in-Gordon-street, and has also a fine organ. The largest church is the Boman Catholic Cathedral, " The Church of the Sacred Heart," has a seating accommodation of 800, and cost upwards of £12,000 in erection. The Wesleyan Native Church, " Jubilee," is reached about a mile north of Suva, at Tamavua, and is largely attended, the native Fijian men and women, at the call of the " lab," native drum, which gives out a most definite sound, wending their way to service. Silk and linen blouses and skirts are then brought out, hair ornamented in a most charming manner with ferns and flowers make up the women's, attire, while the men show artistic ideas in brilliant neckwear, sulus and white jackets. Inside, everyone is very reverent, the singing is excellent, if sonorous, the rich voices blending admirably. The native preacher receives the utmost attention, and his eloquent address is followed closely by all present. There is also a Native Anglican and Samoan (London Missionary Society) Churches, each well attended. It is interesting to know that the Methodist Mission has over a thousand native schools in Fiji, with 2,300 teachers, and 20,000 pupils. The R.C. Mission, under the Marist Brothers, has 28 boarding schools, with 2,000 pupils. There is a Public School where education is free, and connected with the Convent is a girls' school. There are five Masonic Lodges in Fiji and one Arch Chapter. In all of these the ancient charges are given with all the dignity their solemnity demand, and where the hospitality of the craft is rendered in its best. There are most comfortable horse vehicles at Suva, and a number of motor cars available for hire, and pleasant journeys are offered on either hand. These include several circular ones via the Beservoir, Soma Bula, and also via ihe Flagstaff Hill, each of from l i to 2 hours. A beautiful view is unfolded from Flagstaff Hill, taking in island, town and sea, from the Bewa Biver to the nearby harbour of Suva and the far-distant island of Bengha, where live the famous fire-walkers of the Fijis, a tribe of whom has been given a mysterious protection against the red-hot boulders they walk on with impunity. The return journey is via the Indian settlement, and then past Government House, Botanical Gardens, and the new Grand Pacific Hotel. It is a continued succession of charming scenery, but the whole country is a huge tropical garden where the eye meets wonderful views on every side. A trip over to Navua by the motor launch of the Fiji Shipping Co. can be made any day. This brings one to the Tamavua Sugar Mill, the property of the Vancouver-Fiji Sugar Co., and to wonderful interesting country. Other trips can be arranged by obtaining the list of the Fiji Shipping Co.'s service from the agents, Messrs. Brown & Joske, merchants, Suva. Across the harbour also is " Suvaua "—'New Suva—a native village of

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great interest, and a boat trip could be well made to the harbour encircling coral reef and its wonderous sea beauty.

BENGHA ISLAND FIRE WALKERS. Bengha Island, the home of the renowned fire-walkers, is about 20 miles from Suva. The legend is that the progenitor of the tribe, digging yams with a pointed stick, as is the practice to this day, lost the stick in a hole in the ground. Putting his hand in to recover it, he caught the tail end of some creature, which, on being dragged to light, proved to be the Fijian equivalent of Lucifer. Evidently the primeval yam digger had his Satanic Majesty at a disadvantage, for the latter was glad to make terms. As a ransom, he conferred on his captor the dominion oyer fire, and thus the Bengha people have ever since possessed the power to walk through fire unharmed. However, this -may be, the natives of Bengha to this day walk bare-footed over red-hot stones, and many have failed in the attempt to explain how the thing is done. Special arrangements have to be made with the chief to secure an exhibition. The " Western Pacific Herald " has the following account of this extraordinary rite, ceremony or meke :—A party of 21 people went from Suva to Beqa, the cutter leaving Suva shortly after 2 o'clock and reached the island about 6 o'clock. In the morning, after breakfast, the party went into the town of Bukua, where a club meke was given, 21 taking part in it. Eight or nine native women gave a sit-down meke, and after that the party went to the chief's house, and had lunch, proceeding then to the place where the fire-walking was to take place. There was a pit about eight feet in diameter, in which there were piles of big stones heaped on burning logs, the stones being a few inches from the top of the pit. The logs had been burning for so long that the stones were red hot, while some of them had reached the temperature of white heat. A signal was given, and a crowd of natives removed the burning logs and spread the stones out evenly by means of poles. Ten natives, dressed in meke costumes, and with faces decorated, fell into rank formation, headed by an elderly man, who gave a signal, at which the ten natives jumped into the pit. They walked slowly twice around the pit on top of the hot stones, and .then got out leisurely. The curious visitors inspected the feet of the fire walkers, but could detect nothing wrong with them. The natives certainly did not show signs of injury. The fire walking being finished, a large quantity of leaves were spread over the stones, and the natives congregated in the centre of the pit, crouching on the leaves and singing while clouds of heavy smoke floated around them, almost shutting them from view. When they left their position, raw food was piled on the leaves, and this was covered with more leaves and earth, the fire walkers helping in the work. This was the means of cooking food to be eaten, probably the next day.


177

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE. Bau. BAU.—A visit should be paid to Bau, a small islet, but a mile in circumstances, off the coast of Viti Levu, 24 miles north of Suva by water. Insiginficant in size it has held the most important place in the annals of Fiji from the earliest times, and is still the place of residence of Fijian aristocracy, who are among the finest specimens of the race. This islet, which is connected by a land spit at low tide with the mainland, with a great clustering mass of houses filling every available space to the summit, was for almost 50 years specially distinguished by the marked personal characteristics, astute diplomacy, and war prowess of the great chief Thackoimbau, whose seat of former empire is situated in a deep bay well sheltered by the palm-covered reef. The island was doubtless taken up as a stronghold and place of residence for the first chiefs who ladned here, for a shallow strait about ithree-quarters of a mile wide divides it from the populous mainland affording some assurance against surprise and a good starting point to make warlike visits to their neighbours. For this they were supreme in ferocity, as one massacre alone of 200 Yerataus on Vivia Island proves. Bau was a refuge for chiefs from other centres fleeing for safety, and where together they concocted those schemes and Machiavellian doings that read like horrible romance, and made the near islands and the fertile and thickly populated Rewa delta scenes of continuous battle, murder and sudden death, and subsequent cannibal rites. Now Bau is a stretch of peaceful land. The hill-top on the eastern part holds the graves of King Thackembau, his father, wife and daughter, a marble shaft marking the graves, while near by is the large Wesleyan Church built from the material of demolished temples and the old sacrificial stone on which hundreds have been killed, is now a christening font. THE REWA RIVER is the largest of the many streams that penetrate these well-watered islands. To come upon such a stream, larger

than the Thames or the Brisbane River, is a surprise to any visitor. The river is navigable for vessels of good draught for 50 miles, from its mouth at Laucola Bay just north of Suva. A well appointed steamer leaves Suva wharf each day at nine and re I urns by 4.30 p.m. The trip to the C.S.R. Co.'s mill at Nasori, 21 milos, is of wonderful interest. The route is inside the rsef to the mouth of the river, here two miles wide, and then up the beautiful sheet of water by jungle girt shores to where fields of sugarcane, banana plantations, cocoanut plantations, and native villages follow in quick succession. An imposing collection of buildings mark the Roman Catholic Mission, " Centre Naililili," and further on is the Wesleyan Mission Station on the other bank. The river is busy with craft of all kinds, bamboo rafts loaded with banana? for shipping, native boats, canoes, and motor launches. Nasori is the headquarters of the C.S.R., and an interesting time may be spent at crushing time in watching the operations of sugar manufacture. On the opposite side of the river is the attractive township with a most comfortable hotel where accommodation and excellent meals may be obtained. A drive back to Suva through wonderful tropical vegetation and beautiful scenery can be arranged for, and the round trip becomes one memory of continued pleasure. A stay should be made at the Experimental Farm which is most interesting and very beautiful. If time allows, the river can be explored further inland, f:r it is the highway from the far interior. Dense woodlands rolling upwards to craggy mountain fastnesses, parklike uplands, and a wealth of tropical vegetation, abound on each side with beautifully situated native villages, where the utmost hospitality is offered. Other centres of beauty not difficult of access are the Lami River, the Tamavua River, and the Visari River, all of which are across the bay from Suva. At Tamavua there is a fine waterfall; and the whole of the rivers named are of idyllic beauty, so that nothing could be more enjoyable than a well-arranged picnic to either of them.

AROUND THE ISLANDS BY THE A.U.S.N. CO.'s S.S. "AMRA." As a rule tourists confine their visits to Suva and Levuka, not knowing the delightful treat in store for them by a further voyage amongst the beautiful islands of the group, the charm of which, enhanced by a fine climate, is undescribable. The A.U.S.N. Co.'s interisland steamer " Amra," 535 tons, well appointed throughout, leaves Suva the day after the arrival of the " Levuka," and makes a trip extending over seven days at a small cost, visiting the numerous small ports, islands, and villages which lie scattered in this archipelego. At Taviuni Island to the north-east, well termed the Garden of the Pacific, the vessel calls at 16 villages in 20 miles, and throughout the trip novelty changes each hour, but is always new. For one interested in seeing what opportunities there are in these islands, rubber, sugar, tea, coffee, cocoa, and banana plantations are to be seen on this trip in all stages of development, and it is moire instructive than a hundred reports. The following are the ports of call of the " Amra " and table of distances:—•

Suva—Levuka Levuka—Cicia Cicia—Mango Mango—Loma Loma . . Loma Loma—Wailagilala Wailagilala—Taviuni Taviuni Coast (Coasting) Taviuni—Buca Bay Buca Bay (Coasting) . . Buca Bay—Rabi Rabi—Malau Malau—Labasa Rabi—Devo Devo—Buca Bay Levuka—Suva Taviuni—Levuka

A.U.S.N. Co.'s Inter-Island Vessel, s.s. " Amra," 535 tons.

54 109 22 37 45 91 25 14 10 17

go 10 8 9 54 80

miles. miles. miles. miles. miles. miles miles miles miles miles miles miie.miles miles miles miles


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

178

Masonic Temple, Levuka Wharf Scene, Levuka.

On the Rewa River, Fiji

Morris Hedstrom & Co.'s Store, Levuka.

/


179

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE

LEVUKA

Levuka, Fiji Islands. (Island of Ovalau)

THE OLD CAPITAL OF THE FIJIS. EVUKA is on the island of Ovalau, an egg-shaped island of 43 square miles north-east of Viti Levu, and about GO miles from Suva. It being a most central position to the populous islands and adjacent mainland it was for years the chief port of the Fijis, and the capital of the Fiji Islands until 1882. It has an excellent harbour with passages offering the greatest convenience to either incoming or outgoing ships, a safety which mariners appreciated from the first. The old time sailing ships would call here and the charms of the place and the seductive life among the Fijians, especially in contrast to a life in the fo'csle of a whaler from " Margaret's Vineyard," or of a " Peruvian Blaekbirder," would prevail on a sailor here and there to secrete himself, and to take what was literally pot luck with the savages. Even away back in 1840 Commodore Wilkes found a small colony of assorted whites of this class. Later came the mercantile â&#x20AC;˘class, added to in 1867-71 by the hundreds who came to enter into cotton growing, and then sugar cultivation, and so we find Levuka to-day a mercantile community with all the associations and qualities of high-class trading centres on a beautiful island in which everything is done to make it homelike. It is one of the most picturesque spots in the Fijis. Great mountains rise up from the sea-shore, with curious crags and jagged rocks jutting into the cloud mantle which is always upon Hie high peaks, and as one steams through the passage through the reef to the wharf is a scene of vivid ibeauty. The town of Levuka is situated close to the beach, while the red-roofed residences dot the hillsides which outlooks over the harbour and an isle dotted sea of transcendent beauty; embowered in wonderful tropic foliage, with an always cool breeze, these hills are a veritable beauty spot. . The business of the town is confined to the one and only street, Beach-street. Near the wharf are to be found the stores, where everything is found from a needle to an anchor. It is an exceedingly hospitable town, and one feels at once at home in the midst of pleasant surroundings, and the privilege of honorary member of the Levuka Club goes far to make the visitor's stay a most enjoyable one. There is also a branch of the Overseas Cluto, and one of the best appointed Masonic Lodges in the islands. Two banks have branches here, the N.S. Wales and New Zealand. The churches comprise: Anglican, Catholic, and Methodist, while the Seventh Day Adventists have a mission station at Ovalau. There is an excellent Town Hall where the local council meet, and good roads wind in and out between leafy bower up the hillsides. One of special beauty passes from the beach front alongside the narrow Totonga Creek, which comes by many cascades from the mountain top. This road passes the Masonic Hall, Town Hall, and the Levuka Club, with its wonderful garden of crotens, and higher up the " Overseas Club," School House, and then up broad steps to the swimming pool, where a delightful swim can always be had. A further climb, and one enters a native village, as all of these villages, scrupulously clean and neat. Further on is the reservoir, from when comes the water supply of Levuka. Not a great stream is Tatonga Creek, but like a hundred more, a series of cascades and quiet pools, crossed by most picturesque cement bridges. In flood time, however, it is a roaring torrent, and wildly picturesque. Amongst the features of interest is the native village of Natokalau (but prior to a visit it is necessary to make application to the minister

L

in charge of the Wesleyan Church), the Catholic Church Mission Station, the Waitovo Falls, and the Totoga fresh water swimming baths. The latter are within la minutes' walk of the ship, and a dip before breakfast in the ever-running mountain stream, surrounded by a bower of tropical trees and ferns, is one of the delights of the excursion. From 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. the baths are reserved for the use of ladies. A walk to the Peak from this spot will amply repay the exertion; for not only is there a still finer bathing place, fed by beautiful cascades, but the panoramic view, with the ocean extending on three sides, and overlooking the beautiful Lavoni Valley, the site of an interesting native village, is wonderful. The Levuka Public School and its schoolmaster, Mr. GarnerJones, and his four teachers demands more than passing interest, the school curriculum being both unique and admirable. Not content with ordinary teaching for the 200 scholars, there is included a host of subjects most quickly learnt by the brainy scholars at this school. These range from general subjects to boat building, steering, engineering, carpentering, blacksmitliing, shorthand, typewriting, ropework, netting, navigation, etc. The piece de resistance, however, is the fine set-up cadet squad with drum and fife band, a credit to the Fijis, and passengers have oftentimes the pleasure of a send-off by this welltrained squad. There are cars for hire at Levuka, and tourists can enjoy themselves visiting the native villages close to either side of the town. An excursion to the Waitovu Falls is also enjoyable with excellent bathing in fresh-water pools. The distance is 1J miles from the wharf. For Sunday, while the vessel stays, an all-day trip per launch can be made to the Bureta River, the time each way being about two

f ii 1 ^^^^~-t~

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T.S.S. " Levuka," loading at F i j i .

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180

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Views neap Levuka. The only close settlement on the island is at Buca Bay on the southhours, a charming trip. Frcm Bureta the beautiful Lavoni Valley is east, and at Lakasa on the north-east. within easy reach, and is considered one of the most picturesque parts of Fiji. The climb to Lavoni is a stiff one, but those feeling equal to THE LAU GROUP are the great cocoanut islands, and are situated a two-mile walk could see Lavoni town, the others remaining around about half-way between Fiji and Tonga, and stretch north and south Bureta, where there is much of interest. A hamper would require between the 17th and 20th parallel and 170 to 180 degrees W. longito be taken from the ship. tude, covering an ocean area of some 30,000 square miles. Some 33 of the islands are inhabited with .populations ranging from about 30 to Passengers instead of returning from Levuka to Suva by the 1,300 persons. The chief town is Loma Loma on Vanua Balvu Island " Levuka " may charter a launch to take the tourist party by special which is on a magnificent harbour, and has a copra trade amounting trip back. The trip would take about eight hours, and is a most ento nearly £70,000 per annum. The town is a flourishing centre and joyable one. The cost of launch hire, if for a small launch, £6/10/-, stretches along the sea shore like Levuka, with excellent stores, private or for a larger one, £10. Should the trip be a lengthy one, the larger houses, churches, hospital, and Government buildings. There are hot launch affords much more comfort. springs about two miles distant, and Botanical Gardens which date back No one should miss a trip to "where the long leagued rollers 50 years, with an avenue of almost 50 years old Crotons, the finest in thunder on the reef." This takes but a short time, and all the wonders the Fijis. Of interest near the Government Station is a group of of the coral sea are to be witnessed, curious fish, coral in all its beauty, cannon, there being included one of the only two cannons lost by the British troops in the South Seas, in the action in Tonga when the landing party sent ashore by H.M.S. " Favourite " in 1840 were repulsed. A sight here is a race between the Tongas on their sturdy little ponies along the excellent 15 miles of road which skirts the island. On Lakeba, the next most important of the Lau group, are some especially beautiful caves with remarkable stalactites. Another remarkable cave, with an underground outlet to the sea, is on the Namuka Island. In Ogea is found the black esbony wood, and Ono Island, famous as a pearling station, was the first place in which the lamp of Christianity was lighted in Fiji.

School, Levuka. sea fern, beeche-de-mer, and wonderful shells only found in these seas. One returns laden with spoil and a memory of enchantment. The auxiliary schooner, " Elaine H.," for which vessel Morris, Hedstrom & Co., Merchants, Levuka and Suva, makes regular trips around the islands. The route is a most interesting one. From Levuka the vessel goes to Wainunu, thence to Savu Savu (West, Central and East), Vunilagi, Waikava, Tabuta, Buca Bay, Natewa Bay, Buca Bay, Waikava, Vunilagi, Savu Savu E.C.W., Wainunu to Levuka. TAVIUNI, " The Garden of Fiji," contains most magnificent scenery. The island is about 30 miles long and 12 miles across. It is in the south-east trade zone, making one side windward and the other leeward. On the leeward side of the island, from end to end, ttiere is an almost continuous forest of cocoanut palms, planted in rows, each tree being about 30ft.. from the next. The island rises from the sea in a gradual slope up to a range of hills, about 4,000ft. in height, running the whole length of the island. The cocoanuts are planted only to a height of about 400ft., and it is hardly possible to imagine a more beautiful sight. In Vanua Levu—the second largest island in the Pacific Islands— one views the magnificent harbour of Savu Savu, one of the finest in the world. Lakasa, another centre of the C.S.R. Co., Ltd., is the principal town in the island, and it is connected by wireless with Suva. A Beach View, Levuka.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

18!

Sydney to Melbourne. ROM Sydney to Melbourne is 564 miles, a journey full of interest. The coast line on the Eastern or New South Wales side is a series of great cliffs and headlands interspersed with pretty bays: on the Bass Strait or Victorian Coast, with islands and rocks in the straits and long beaches on the coast side, with occasional towering cliffs and the ever surf-beaten shore.

F

• From Sydney Heads we steer south off the long line of sandstone cliffs, past the Hornby light, the Gap, a short distance south, the Outer South Head, the Macquarie Lighthouse, and from 6 miles south of the Heads, Bondi, Bronte, Little Coogee, and Coogee, all favourite seaside resorts. Sixteen miles from the Heads, passing the Coast Hospital, w ; reach Cape Banks, marking the entrance to the historic Botany Bay, into which Captain Cook sailed on his adventurous voyage along this coast, and where the First Fleet came, under Governor Phillip. South of this bay, around Port Hacking, is the great National Park. The Park has an area of 36,300 acres lying between the Illawarra railway line and the ocean—extending from Sutherland (15 miles from Sydney) to Waterfall, a distance of 9 miles—with Loftus and Heathcote as intervening stations. The Park consists chiefly of high tableland varying from 350 to 900 feet above sea level, intersected by deep glens and gorges with natural features presenting innumerable forms of loveliness or grandeur. Southward again lies the Illawarra District, the Garden of the State, with its famous scenic gems at Stanwell Park, Bulli Pass, Kiama Blowhole, and the Shoalhaven Valley. Mountain, valley, forest, stream, and sea meet in the Illawarra, and everywhere the hillsides, dipping to the seashore, are a riot of verdure. The stately forest monarchs are decked with ferns, and arched into long colonnades by tangled vines. The railway line runs along this South Coast district to Nowra, 92 miles from Sydney. Just beyond Nowra is Jervis Bay, the site of the Australian Naval College. Apart from the natural advantages of Jervis Bay as a site for the Australian Naval College, there seems a peculiar fitness in the selection of the place since it was discovered and named by one who first suggested the wisdom of " training young naval officers in seamanship on the coast here, so that they might obtain geographical and hydrographical knowledge of this part of the world, which might eventually prove of much service to the Colony."

Scene on the South Coast of N.S. Wales. Australian traverses a new world. Kosciusko is our highest mountain, but it does not tower above its neighbours, a solitary finger piercing the sky. It is a point, a slightly higher hump than the others in a gigantic ridge that forms the backbone of the Australian. Twofold Bay, on which is Eden, brings to memory the enterprises of that adventurer, Captain Boyd, ending ultimately in a wreck and massacre in the South Seas. Green Cape follows, and then the great rocky cliff of Cape Howe, marking the coast boundary of New South Wales and Victoria. From here the coast trends almost due west, and

i ISIEMONI*SONS! LIMITED,

Thus wrote Captain Richard Bowen in 1791. Of him Nelson wrote in his dispatches: " A more enterprising, able and gallant officer does not grace His Majesty's Naval Service." Great cliffs and rocky shore mark the coast for miles south from here; backed up by the distant Manaroo Range, and, beyond these mountains the great Australian Alps, culminating in Mt. Kosciusko, the highest peak in Australia. Humped above ranges of foothills and commanding ridges of rugged mountains, it sits with other sister peaks of almost equal height, right in the heart of the Great Divide. Australia's poverty of high hills is here forgotten, and the native-born

I BRISBANE, IPSWICH, TOWNSVILLE, CHARTERS TOWERS \

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Wholesale Grocers

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Produce & General Merchants

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AGENTS FOR:— " NOOMA " BRAND „ -«,, „ „ ,, „ ii „ i, n i, „ " P A L M S " BRAND Sauce. Leslie Salt Licks. Rosalie Cheese. . Velox Calf Food.

Packet Peas. Lima Beans. Custard Powders. Garden Honey. Arrowroot (packets). Methylated Spirits. Vinegar and Oils, etc. Vinegar, Chutney, Paw

Paw |

GOODS SPECIALLY SELECTED FOR SHIPPING ORDERS Lighthouse, Sydney Heads.

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Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

182

Ihen southerly. Along this line are great beaches with many small entrances to rivers which come down from the Australian Alps. Fifty miles from Cape Howe we sight Cape Ev'erard, notable as the iirst puint of land in Australia sighted by Captain Cook. About 70 miles on is the entrance to the great lakes of the Gippsland country of Victoria, a wonderful expanse of water, mountains, and streams, among the most beautiful in Victoria.' Wilson's Promontory, marking the most southerly point of the the continent, looms out in rugged majesty about 2G0 miles from Cape Howe, Here is situated the National Park of Victoria. It consists chiefly of high tablelands and mountains rising to a height of 2,43 i feet, with deep glens and gorges between. At present the park is used chiefly as a reserve for the protection of native birds and animals, for which it is admirably suited, especially as, from its geographical position, the Promontory is on the line of flight of the nugatory birds in their annual pilgrimages. The country is particularly rich in wild flowers. The scenery, witli rugged mountain slopes, deeply indented bays, glittering beaches of white sand,*,and the limitless ocean beyond is varied in its beauty, and in years to come, thousands will praise the forethought of these who reserved this great Promontory for the nation's use. !: f ']'§*' ' Off shore are many rocks and islands, and the navigation is intricate, not aided by the currents, which running through these Bass Straits meet others coming from the west. The course from here is north-west, past Capes Lipstrap and Paterson. Beyond here is West-

On Mt. Kosciusko. ern Port, ,a great indentation across whose entrance lies Phillip Island of rugged beauty. Beyond here is the rocky promontory, Cape Schanck, and then, between Point Nepcan and Point Lonsdale, we enter Port Phillip and soon across the " Rip " to Hobson's Bay we enter the Yarra River, and draw up to the A.U.S.N. Co.'s wharf close to the magnificent city of Melbourne.

A Scene in the National Park, South Coast, N.S.W.

/

Wilson's Promontory, the most Southern point of Australia.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

183

Victoria.

V

ICTORIA is the smallest State on the mainland. It lies between 34 and 39 deg. south, and 141 and 150 deg. E. long., and, until comparatively recent years, it was the best known in the old world of all the Australian States. It has an area of 87,883 square miles, being a little more than one-quarter the size of New South Wales, and about one-eighth that of Queensland. It has a population, however, of 1,149,000窶馬early as great as that of New South Wales, and more than twice that of Queensland. Early in the year 1802 Lieutenant Murray explored the large indentation upon which Melbourne stands, and called it Port King, in honour of the Governor of New South Wales, but King had the name altered to Port Phillip, in recognition of the services of his predecessor. An attempt was made to found a colony, but it failed. In the year 1824 the late Mr. Hamilton Hume, and Captain Hovell, led an expedition overland to Port Phillip, discovering the Yass Plains, near the Federal capital area, the Murrumbidgee River, and the Murray in their journey. Ten years later, Messrs. Edward and Francis Henty formed a station at Portland, and were the pioneer settlers of what is now the State of Victoria. In the following year another attempt was made to form a settlement at Port Phillip, the persons closely associated with the colonising expedition being Captain Lonsdale, Captain Hobson, John Batman, and John Pascoe Fawkner. The scheme was successful, and the names of its founders are commemorated by well-known places in and around the city of Melbourne. In the year 1851 Victoria was declared a separate colony, and in that year the first. Parliament was elected. The first real progress dates from the discovery of gold. Since that time Victoria has added ツ」300,000,000 to the world's gold supply, chiefly from Ballarat and Bendigo. But gold was not the only benefit from this discovery. Victoria became more rapidly settled than the other States, and for many years it had the greatest population, and the

Point Lonsdale at Port Phillip Entrance. greatest production. The land is well-adapted for cultivation, dairying, and fruit-growing, and so well have these industries thrived in recent years that Victoria might be termed the " Garden State of Australia." Each State has advantages which are peculiar tn itself, and Victoria's big advantage lies in its compactness, and its consequently easy market facilities which permit of multifarious industries to prosper, and to be development tn their fullest capacity.

The Districts around Melbourne.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

184

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DALCETY & COMPANY (LIMITED)

(Founded 1843. Formed into a Limited Liability Company, 1884.) CAPITAL AUTHORIZED - - CAPITAL FULLY SUBSCRIBED

£5,000,000 £4,500,000

CAPITAL PAID-UP RESERVE FUND -

-

-

-

-

£1,500,000

-

-

-

-

£750,000

General Import and Export Merchants; Shipping and Insurance Agents; Exporters of Grain, Butter, Tallow, Copra, Shale, Frozen Meat, etc.; Bonded Store Proprietors; Wool, Grain and Produce Brokers; Wool Dumpers and Stevedores; Stock & Station Agents; Fat Stock Salesmen; Pastoralists' Bankers ^ ^ P ^ H I S Company was founded in 1843 by the late Frederick Gonnerman Dalgety. The sale of wool has always been of the first importance with the institution, and at the present time upwards of 450,000 bales are annually realized through our agency. Transactions in Tallow, Hides, Sheepskins and other classes of produce are also of an exceedingly extensive character. Sales of Stock and Stations throughout Australia and New Zealand have long been an important part of the business; while in the matter of exports of frozen meat and kindred products the Company has consistently taken a part in the development of the trade, as well as in that of Grain and Dairy Produce. The Company holds the agencies of the White Star Line, Aberdeen Line and Shaw, Savill & Albion Co., while in addition, our Melbourne Branch are agents, for the Nippon Yusen Kaisha, the Japanese Royal Mail Line, and for Lloyds, London.

A MONG the other agencies entrusted to ^ ^ L the Company are the following:— / \ Tangyes Ltd. (Machinery) ; Clayton & Shuttleworth (Machinery); Wolseley Sheep-shearing Machine Co., Ltd. (Shearing Machines); Quibell Bros. Ltd. (Sheep Dips and Disinfectants.); Nobel's Explosives Co., Ltd., Glasgow (Explosives); Curtiss & Harvey, Ltd. (Blasting Powder); R. Thome & Sons, Ltd. (Whisky); James Finlay & Co., Ltd., Colombo and Calcutta; Mackwood & Co., Colombo; J. & F. Martell (Brandies); Daimler, Austin, Delaunay-Belleville, F. N. and Nash Motor Cars. The Company transacts extensive business in Tallow, Copra, Shale, various descriptions of Ores and Minerals, Manures, etc., and has an established trade with the East.

HEAD OFFICE: 45 BISHOPSGATE, LONDON, E.C AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND BRANCHES: Sydney and Newcastle (New South Wales); Melbourne and Geelong (Victoria); Adelaide (South Australia); Brisbane, Rockhampton and Townsville (Queensland); Perth, rremantle, Kalgoorlie, Albany, Geraldton and Carnarvon (West Australia); and Christchurch, Dunedin, Auckland, Napier and Wellington (New Zealand), and Sub-Branches throughout Australia and New Zealand.

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A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE. Telephone, 4481-2 Central.

I 85

Cable Address "MINIFLOUR"

Codes, A B C , 4th and 5th E•ditions, Riverside and Private

Jas. Minifie & Co. Roller Flour Mills Melbourne

and

Maryborough,

Office: 410 Collins Street, MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA.

Victoria. CORRESPONDENCE I NVITED.

^BM

MB:

Jas. Miller & Co. Pty.

Ltd.

Manufacturers of Ropes for all Purposes Rope. Twine. Mats &- Mattings. Reaper &• Binder Twine. Seaming £r Roping Twines. Etc.

I

357-359 Little Collins St.

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M E L B O X J R . N E

Works: Yarraville & Brunswick. Tel. 61.

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SHEA, HOOD & Co. PTY. LTD.

COMMISSION AGENTS

PRODUCE MERCHANTS

Exporters of Colonial Produce Cable Address :

Potatoes Onions

" CUCK-HOOD," Melbourne. Telegraphic Address : ' SHEA HOOD," Melbourne. CODES: A B.C. 4th (r 5th—Private.

Seed Potatoes

Box 2006 G.P.O-

A SPECIALITY.

Tel. No. 3004.

CATHERINE PLACE fOFF 5 2 5 FLINDERS

LANE WEST)

MEL ROURNF *

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ESTABLISHED

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1832.

JAS.F.McKENZIE&Co PROPRIETARY LIMITED,

Melbourne and Sydney.

COFFEE, RICE, SPICE, and OATMEAL MILLERS. IMPORTRES OF EASTERN PRODUCE. Manufacturers of

McKENZIE'S "EXCELSIOR" Essence of Coffee and Chicory. McKENZIE'S Essence of Cocoa. McKENZIE'S EXCELSIOR ' Rolled Oats. McKENZIE'S "EXCELSIOR" Baking Powder, & c , &c. OFFICES AND MILLS. FLINDERS STREET, MELBOURNE.

I

PURITY

and EXCELLENCE

GUARANTEED.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

187

Elizabeth St., ELBOURNE

G. A. DRAKE, ( S u c c e s s o r -

* o «J« P .

F L A N A G A N )

IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIUIlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll

Direct Importer of all Edible NUTS, Including Walnuts, S.S. Almonds Barcelona and Brazil Nuts.

Importer of the Celebrated "Coolie" TEAS and COFFEES iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiii

Manufacturer of Fruit and Confectionery Bags. Purveyor to A.U.S.N. Coy, Ltd.

Wholesale Confectioner. PHONE 1525.

ESTABLISHED OVER GO YEARS.

W. ANGLISS & CO., Pty. Ltd.

A . & Co.

TRADE

'

***/&!!nio. ^ ^

MARK

WHOLESALE, SHIPPING and

BUTCHERS ICE

MANUFACTURERS

LIVE STOCK and FROZEN MEAT always in Stock.

Shipping: Branch : 560 Flinders St., Head Office: 42, 44, 46 Bourke St., Imperial

Freezing

Works

l i r i DftllDIIE ITILLDUU fill L.

FOOTSCRAY.


188

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

BlUMTON'S FL©HJ1 ONLY ONE QUALITY—THE BEST ESTABLISHED 1868

T. BRUNTON & CO., MILLERS, MELBOURNE,

SYDNEY, and G U N N E D A H , (N.S.W.) OFFICES :

MELBOURNE: 531 Collins Street. Telephones 1648 and 1649 Central. SYDNEY : Stanway House, 77 King Street. Telephones, City 1228 and 1229. GUNNEDAH : Telephone No. 6. NEWCASTLE : Telephone, Hamilton 170. BRISBANE: City Buildings, Edward Street. Telephone 231.

A. Millis & Sons, 5-6-7 WESTERN MARKET, Wholesale Fruiterers and Commission Agents Banana Merchants, Shipping Providores. CableAd

Fruits exported

teLis.MeiboUr„e.

to all parts of the world.

Agents for Messina and American Fruits.

Agencies: Suva, Tweed River, Brisbane, Sydney

HEAD OFFICE: MELBOURNE. /


189

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE. *»«»WtM»>»«mH»>.t..H«w.t« t Mi>m

CABLE ADDRESS: "POULTRY."

CODES: ABC, 5th Edition Keene's Perfecta.

David Hyland & Sons, PTY. LTD.

TELEPHONE

C E N T R A L 5717

MELBOURNE COOL STORES AND ICE WORKS,

POULTRY and FROZEN PRODUCE EXPORTERS

517 to 521 FLINDERS LANE WEST,

SHIPPING PROVIDORES

MELBOURNE.

Largest Packers and Shippers of Poultry in the Southern Hemisphere. Importers of Game and Venison. Correspondence Invited. Contractors to the Victorian Government, and to the leading Oversea and Interstate Steamship Companies. HEAD OFFICE AND WORKS:

SENNITT'S FREEZING WORKS, QUEEN'S BRiDGE, MELBOURNE.

(W. DUNKERLEY, Prop.)

Between King and Spencer Streets,

E X P E R T S in the Freezing of Meat, Butler, etc., and in the Cooi Storage cf all perishable goods, with special and scientific knowledge relating to conditions, temperatures, etc., for Fruit. Eggs, and other delicate products ; also

Manufacturers of PURE CRYSTAL ICE. Cold Storage for Butter, Rabbits, Bacon, Eggs, Fish, Meat, Poultry, Cheese. Fruit, Etc.

SYDNEY WORKS:

Branch: Metropolitan Ice and Cold Storage Works,

755 HARRIS STREET, SYDNEY.

BLACKWOOD ST., NORTH MELBOURNE.


Arcrcnd the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

190

WORLD-FAMOUS FAMILY COMMODITIES J 1

T h e r e i s one word t h a t h a s always governed t h e p r o d u c t i o n of Swallow & Ariell m a n u f a c t u r e s — a n d does so s t i l l — a n d t h a t word is "QUALITY." T h e n a m e of Swallow & Ariell is a h o u s e h o l d word t h r o u g h o u t A u s t r a l a s i a , a n d t h e I s l a n d s , b e c a u s e t o t h o s e w h o p r e f e r the best p r o d u c t s t h e world produces, t h e name of Swallow & Ariell h a s always been

THEIR GUARANTEE OF SATISFACTION

i 1

T h e r e is a r e a s o n for t h i s — t h e fact being that only t h e b e s t of carefully selected fruit a n d i n g r e d i e n t s a r e ever used in t h e production of " Swallow & Ariell '.' G o o d s — a policy followed for m o r e t h a n fifty y e a r s gone—and- followed t o - d a y a s closely a n d s t r i c t l y a s ever.

Canned Fruits

Biscuits include a variety of almost 150 kinds for family use; also Ship Cabin Biscuits and Dog Biscuits.

Cakes

i \

1 1 1 V

(Extra quality; choicest fruit; in White Syrup). Standard size tins. Choice freshly-gathered fruits, prepared at our works, the Fruit Garden of Australia. -.The finest fruit in the world, preserved in pure white syrup. Bright and artistic labels.

including Canterbury, Gordon, Rich Block Cake, " Cherry Ripe," Preserved Ginger Cakes, Bowen Gingerbread, Ruby, Mince, Boomerang, Fairy, Genoa and Marzipan.

Marmalade The unadulterated product of the finest Seville Oranges.

Plum Puddings Seeded Raisins of world-wide reputation. The richest, fruitiest, yet lightest puddings known. Packed in hermetically-sealed tins, and will retain their original quality for any length of time. Cooked ready for use.

Choice Australian Raisins—seeded, stemmed, cleaned and ready for use. MINCE MEAT. " SEAFOAM " BAKING POWDER. HONEY.

Canned Vegetables In hermetically-sealed tins. Cooked ready for use. All choice growths, perfectly prepared, without loss of flavour or hygienic virtues, all of which are absolutely conserved. Evaporated uncooked Vegetables of perfect keeping quality, compressed into Jib. tablets, and packed in airtight tins. One pound of these vegetables is equal to 10 pounds of finest fresh vegetables, and to 14 pounds of inferior vegetables. They are light and easy of transport, and are invaluable for prospecting and other expeditions in districts remote from settlement. Largely used on the goldfields of the world.

Compressed Vegetables. Mixed, for flavouring Soups, Stews, etc. A perfectly proportioned mixture of 7 varieties.

Always Specify—" SWALLOW & ARIELL'S." SE /

IL1


A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE.

191

MELBOURNE. MELBOURNE is on the Yarra River, at the head of Port Phillip. The time from the Heads to the wharf is about Ave Jiours. Steamships of the A.U.S.N. Go. berth at Australian Wharf No. 12, within easy reach of both Flinders-street and Spencer-street Railway Stations, the tram service and the Custom House. Melbourne is beautifully laid out, a series of wide streets intersecting each other in regular order. It also boasts many extensive and well-kept Parks and Gardens, and its public and mercantile buildings are amongst the finest in the Commonwealth. It is the second greatest city in Australia, but in political importance it ranks first, being the temporary capital of the Commonwealth. From the point of view of natural development it has the same advantages as Sydneyâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;its population, over 700,000, comprising almost half the population of the State. Despite that fact, Victoria has reason to be proud of its great capital city, with buildings worthy of any city in the world, and some of the finest streets in the Commonwealth. : i., i Collins-street is, perhaps, the finest thoroughfare in Australia, and to visit it during a fine fresh morning is to see Victorian energy and enterprise represented in busy thronging crowds. Especially is this so in November, when the famous " ' C u p " is run, an event which

draws to the Southern capital scores of thousands of people from all centres of Australia. Residents of Melbourne are as proud of Collins-street as the people of Sydney are proud of " our Harbour." Nobody can fail to be impressed when one views the magnificent distances of Collins-street, lined on either side with palatial warehouses, ,banks, and other public buildings. In that street are the Town Hall, both morning newspaper offices, and three of the principal churches, whilst at the top of the magnificent boulevard stand the Parliament Houses, occupied by the Federal Legislature since the Commonwealth was inaugurated. One of the most satisfactory events of history, so far as regards the development of Melbourne during recent years, has been the beautifying of the banks of the river Yarra, in the immediate vicinity of the city. From Prince's Bridge up the further bank of the Yarra has been extended one of the finest avenues in any part of the Commonwealth, called Alexandra Avenue. Provision has been made not only for vehicular traffic, but also for foot passengers and cyclists, and as the borders have been planted with trees and shrubs, the whole forms a very charming resort, flanked as it is, by the river on one side and the Botanic Gardens and Government House Grounds on the other. It is certainly an example in city improvement which visitors from other States should not fail to see.

Map of Melbourne.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

192

Melbourne ' Views.

• •

St. Paul's Cathedral. 2. Collins-street 3. Parliament House.

D

Alexandra Avenue, Melbourne.

/


193

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

General View of Melbourne. in natural scenic surroundings Melbourne cannot compare with Sydney, but it has the distinct advantage of being much better planned. The city is built on a slightly undulating site, mostly on the Yarra River, which divides the city from South Melbourne. The approach from the sea is through the narrow channel of the Rip and then across the broad expanse of waters known as Hobson's Bay, which could accommodate an enormous fleet. At Port Melbourne, originally known as Sandridge, a magnificent new pier has been constructed, with berthing accommodation for the largest overseas vessels, and the other shipping facilities are excellent, but for most vessels the river is navigable right to the heart of the city. The port of Melbourne covers an area of 20 square miles, and all the wharves and piers are under the control of the Trust. To the early " seventies " but little was done to improve the port, as can be gleaned from the fact that when the Commissioners took charge, the navigable depth of the river leading to the port was 12 feet at low water, and its width about 140 feet. The river has since been widened from Queen's Bridge to the Bay from about 140 to 300 feet, and three swinging basins provided, one just below Queen's Bridge, 500 feet wide; one three-quarters of a miie further down the river, 550 feet wide, and one at the entrance to the Victoria Dock, 500 feet wide; and the depth of the river has been gradually increased until at the present time it is 26 feet at low water at all parts. Further improvements were completed in 1915, giving four additional deep-water berths. Other improvements proposed include the widening of the river by 100 feet on the south side, between the swinging basin and Goode Canal, lengthening and widening the middle swinging basin, and increasing its size from 600 feet by 800 feet to 700 feet by 1,000 feet; the realignment of the Australian Wharf; construction of a pier in Victoria Dock (providing six berths) ; provision for greater facilities for the timber trade; re-arrangement of the berths at Yarraville; providing machinery for handling cargo, and the lighting of the port throughout with electricity. These improvements are estimated to cost when completed ÂŁ550,000. At Williamstown there is a very fine graving dock, and in the bay and the river are splendid wharves, ship-building yards, dock.', foundries, and other facilities for a great maritime trade. Geelong is the second port of Victoria, and a very busy centre during the wheat and cargo season especially. The entrance is through Hopetown Channel, which has a width of 130 feet, and will admit vessels to 24 feet at low water. IV is being widened to 100 foot

.

and deepened, to 27 feet low water ordinary spring tide,, and othe..' facilities are also being provided, while others are contemplated. The channel is easily worked at night, and the depth of water at ordinary low tide is 24J feet. So'far as buildings are concerned Melbourne and Sydney are keen rivals, but the honours probably be with Melbourne; in fact, there is no other city in the world of about the same size which can surpass it in ,the magnificence of its buildings. Amongst some of its grandest edifices are the Houses of Parliament, the General Post Office, the Treasury, Land Courts, Public Library, the Customs House, the Mint, the University, and its Wilson Hall, the Town Hall, Stock Exchange, Exhibition Buildingsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the place in which the first Federal Parliament was opened by the present Kingâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the Anglican and Catholic Cathedrals, and many other magnificent municipal or private piles of stone and brick. Looking at Melbourne to-day, and realising how it has taken its .ilace amongst the great cities of the world, it is difficult to comprehend that a little more than half a century ago it was a miserable little^ isolated outpost of the British race, with a few ramshackle buildings congregated around the spot, near the present Customs ilousfe, where John Pascoe Fawkner moored the frail craft that was he pjoneer of the proud naval and mercantile fleets that now cross Hobson's Bay. It is now one of the great cities of the Empire, known :hroiighout the civilised world, and promises to become one of the greatest centres of that Australasian civilisation which is destined to exert a stupendous influence on world-politics of generations yet to be. In purely scenic attractions its beautiful Botanic Gardens stand easily first. - Melbourne is fortunate in having about 5.000 acres of Parks and Gardens almost in the centre of the city, and foremost amongst these

C&eeiwIifF Lifh+hauit.


194

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Town Hall, corner Collins and Swanston-streets, Melbourne. is the Botanic Gardens on the south side of the Yarra, close to Government House. Within easy reach of the city, and accessible by suburban train or tram, there are many choice beauty spots, and pleasant sandy beaches extend from Williamstown on the west to Aspendale Park on the south-eastern limit of the suburban radius. The regular tour:~t resorts, however, are to be found in the Dandenong Ranges, in the far-famed Gippsland district, and in the Midland districts. The scenery, in what might be called the Alpine districts, on the Buffalo Plateau, is, in some respects, without a peer in the Commonwealth. In the Gippsland district the chief scenic attractions are the lakes and the far-famed Buchan Caves, whilst in the Midland districts the great goldfields of Bendigo and Ballarat command special attention. The railway system is excellently managed, and the visitor to Melbourne has a score of opportunities in which to enjoy himself. If lie be interested in the wonderful development of Britain beyond the seas, he can find abundance of food for thought :n the ever-increasing industries, or in famous wheat and fruit-growing and lamb-raising districts. Should tie be interested in natural scenery, in quaint and picturesque views, he, will lind many charming resorts; should his taste turn to sport he may console himself on the world-famed Flemington Racecourse, or on the cricket or football grounds. Should he be seeking indications of natural progress, and the development of an Australian civilisation, he may turn

to the great financial and business houses, or to the halls of education and culture. Melbourne is truly a great city, proud of its brief past, and conscious of its great future. In half a century it lias been transformed from a struggling village of little importance to one of the noblest cities of. the Empire! And who would dare predict a limit to its future progress?

J. HILL & SONS E s t a b l i s h e d 1864.

Nos. 1,2 and 3 FISH MARKET, MELBOURNE FISH, GAME, OYSTERS, RABBIT AND POULTRY SALESMEN.

I m p o r t e r s and E x p o r t e r s of New Z e a l a n d Oysters, F i s h , etc. Sole Agents for Victorian Deep-sea Fishing Fleetâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; Mary B u r g e s s . E. H. P u r d o n . Ada B u r g e s s . Lady B r a s s e y . J a n e Moorhead. Anglo-Suea. Gladys. Elsinore Contractors to the following S.S. Co.'s:â&#x20AC;&#x201D; B r i t i s h - I n d i a S.N. Co. Adelaide S.S. Co. A.U.S.N. Co. H u d d a r t , P a r k e r & Co. Union S.S. Co. Melbourne S.S. Co. Howard, S m i t h Co. Mcllwraith, M c E a c h a r n & Co. WEST CAPE HOWE, THE MOST S.W. POINT OF AUSTRALIA


195

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE. The cable tramways connecting with all the suburbs around Melbourne and the electric traction extension offer great facilities for making acquaintance with" every part of the city and its environs. Gars stop only on near side of crossings and at centre of large blocks; will not stop on curves or ascending steep grades in Collins and Bourkestreets. A special guide is obtainable at the Tourist Bureau, giving all particulars of routes, etc. Visitors to Melbourne should make a first call at the Tourist Bureau, corner of Collins and Swaoston-streets, where every information is available. Collins-street, parallel with Flinders-street, and terminating at the Spencer-street Railway Station, is remarkable for the grandeur of its public buildings. In Spencer-street, at the foot of Collins-street, are the line offices of the Railway Department. Further up, at the intersection of Swanston-street, is the Melbourne Town Hall, with its famous organ and concert hall. Continuing up Collins-street, one passes the handsome churches of the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Independent denominations, with the Melbourne Club and Masonic Hall on opposite side of the same street. The General Post Office is in Bourke-street, at the Elizabethstreet corner.

St. Paul's (Anglican) Cathedral, corner of Swanston streets. Opposite the Cathedral is Flinders-street Railway Princes Bridge. Crossing the bridge, one enters St. Kilda to Government House and the Botanic Gardens, with all suburbs beyond.

and Flinders

Collins-street, Melbourne.

Station and road, leading the southern

Lager necessitates the use of machines which, singly, wash and rinse bottles, fill them with beer, ami seal them, .at the rate of 90 bottles a minute, or 5,000 an hour. Visitors to Melbourne are welcome to visit the Victoria Brewery, which is, of its kind, one of the finest sights in Australia. Parliament House is at the head of Bourke-street, facing Springstreet. Here the Federal Parliament is temporary accommodated. The State Parliament meets in a portion of the Exhibition Building, fronting Victoria Parade. Aquarium in Exhibition Buildings.—Bourke-street tram going east. Fare, 4d. return. Admission, 1/-. Melbourne Hospital occupies a whole block in Lonsdale-street, between Swanston and Russell streets. Museum and Public Library, with the Art Gallery, occupy the block bounded by Swanston, Russell and Latrobe streets. The Observatory Walk along St. Kilda road or by tram. Wednesday is fixed visiting day. Flemington Racecourse.—North Melbourne tram along Elizabethstreet to terminus, then electric car. Special train service on race days to racecourse platform. (Permit to visit on application at V.R.C. Office.)

At St. Kilda. 4 , miles from Melbourne

V

Fester's Lager Brewery.—The above illustration shows the Victoria Brewery. Melbourne, where the famous Foster's Lager is produced. The brewery is very extensive, and its, .equipment of plant is the last word in efficiency. The enormous output of this popular


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

196

View from The Gorge, Mt. Buffalo. Law Courts, Lonsdale and William streets.—West Melbourne tram in Elizabeth-street. Metropolitan Fire Station, Victoria and Gisborne streets.—Victoria Parade or Brunswick-street trams along Collins-street. Fridays, 2 p.m. to 4 p.m. Zoological Gardens.—Brunswick tram from Elizabeth-street, and ask for transfer to horse car for gardens. Admission to Zoo, 6d. Theatres.—Theatre Royal, Bijou Theatre, National Amphitheatre, and Opera House, in Bourke-street; Her Majesty's, in Exhibition-street; The King's, in Russell-street, close to Bourke-street; and the Princess, in Spring-street, at the corner of Little Bourke-street. The Melba Picture Theatre, with a continuous programme from 11 a.m. to 11 p.m., is in Bourke-street.

Tramway Excursions. St. Kilda Esplanade, i:\ miles. Time (from Melbourne) 30 minuter. Termini—Melbourne Hospital Gates, Windsor and St. Kilda; passing Albert Park, St. Kilda Railway Station, Sea Baths and Pier; tourists should stay at the George Hotel, which has the largest hotel accommodation in Victoria. Seaside amusements, Tea Gardens, Pierrots, etc. Connection with Dandenong Road 'bus line. Brighton Beach.—Tram to St. Kilda, and thence by electric tram. Toorak, 5 miles by tram, 34 minutes. Passing numerous handsome residences. Many pretty rambles in vicinity of terminus. Glenferrie road leads into Kew, whence return horse and cable tram; also by another route to Caulfleld Racecourse Railway Station. Electric Tram Service from St. Kilda Railway Station to Brighton Beach Railway Station, distance 5J miles, running time by car 30 minutes, and providing a ten minutes' service all day. South Melbourne, 3J miles. Time, 25 minutes. A walk to right of terminus leads along beach frontage to Port Melbourne with town pier and railway pier; return by Port Melbourne cable tram; or, to left, splendid walk along sea frontage to St. Kilda, return thence by tram or train. Port Melbourne, 31 miles. Termini, Gisborne-street and Port Melbourne, place of embarkation for many of large ocean liners. Ferry

THE NEW /

|

steamer crosses to Williamstown every hour from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. where are graving dock, railway workshops, etc;; well worth visiting. Richmond Line: Spencer-street to Hawthorn Bridge, 3 | miles, connecting with Hawthorn electric line, passing Anglican Cathedral, Fitzroy Gardens, Melbourne and East Melbourne Cricket Grounds, Richmond Park and Town Hall and River Yarra, with pleasant rambles by the river side, where rowing clubs practice. Time between tram lermini, 22 minutes. Victoria-street Line: Spencer-street to Victoria Bridge, 3 | miles, jann^cting with Kew line—through fare, 4d. Passing up Collinsslreet to East Melbourne, Collingwood, North Richmond, Studley Park Footbridge. Connection with Kew horse line. Walk to Studley Park from tram terminus, favourite picnic ground, row on river, view of Abbotsford Convent. Collingwood and Clifton Hill, 32 miles. Time, 27 minutes. Jpencer-street to Northcote Bridge. Passes by Houses of Parliament, Princess Theatre, Burke and Wills' Monument, Carlton Gardens, Exhibition and Aquarium, Old Colonists' Home, Old Actors' Home. Connection at Northcote Bridge with cable tram to Preston, affording series of lovely walKs from terminus along Heidelberg Road; half-mile from junction with Northcote Road is Yarra Bend Asylum; or walk may be continued round to Kew district. Carlton to Abbotsford, 3J miles. Time, 27 i minutes. Leaving Flinders-street, along Swanston-street and Russell-street by Yarra Bend Asylum to Studley Park. ' By crossing Studley Park Bridge from terminus, visitor may walk to Kew horse tram line. Broad path to the left from Studley Park terminus leads to beautiful views of Yarra with Dight's Falls; also panoramic view of Melbourne, Fitzroy, Collingwood. Leaving car at junction Lygon and Gratton-streets, the University Grounds, easily reached, are well worth visiting. Brunswick Line, 41 miles from Flinders-street, Melbourne Univer•ily (with Trinity. Ormond, and Green's Colleges), Melbourne General Cemetery, Royal Park, Prince's Park, Zoological Gardens and Pentridge Penal Establishment at Coburg. Transfer at Royal Park to Zoological Gardens horse line.. From terminus of horse tram walk to Pascoe Vale S'ation, returning by train. Merri Creek, with picnic resorts within

SILVO

PLATE POLISH


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE walking distance from either horse or cable terminus. Return by No"rth Fitzroy or Nicholson-street trams. North Melbourne, 3 miles. Time, 20i minuses. By Flindersstreet and Flemington Bridge. Flemington Racecourse, one and a-half mile from tram terminus. Connection at Flemington Bridge with North Melbourne Electric Tramways and Lighting Co.'s cars running North to Ascot Vale, Moonee Ponds, Moonee Valley Racecourse, and Essendon, and West to Newmarket, Ascot Vale, and Maribyrnong River, favourite resort of anglers. This line also runs directly past the Flemington and the Ascot Racecourse, cattle yards and abattoirs. Within walking distance also is Saltwater River, favourite resort of anglers, and Ascot Vale Station.

Popular Resorts of Port Phillip. Within easy reach of the metropolis, and accessible by convenient service of suburban trains, are many pleasant sandy beaches, suitable for day outings, stretching from Williamstown, at the western extremity, to Aspendale Park, passing en route such well-known pleasure resorts as Albert Park and St. Kilda, then Brighton Beach, Hampton, and Sandringham. . Frankston, 26i miles from Flinders-street station; valuable mineral springs; firm sandy beach; cycle track, jetty nearly J-mile in length; fishing in Kananook Creek or in sea. Mornington (39 miles).—Flinders-street station. Hot and cold sea baths; boating, fishing, beautiful picnic spots in Queen's Park. Queenscliff (68 miles).—Spencer-street station, changing at Geelong. On headland overlooking Port Phillip Bay. Extensive fortifications. Point Lonsdale Lighthouse 4 miles distant, pleasant walk; many fine drives; excursions by water to Portsea or Sorrento across the Bay. Clifton Springs (60 miles by rail and coach).—These celebrated medicinal springs lie within three miles of the Drysdale Railway Station upon the Queenscliff line, and conveyances meet all' trains at that station.

Bay Excursions. No visitor to Melbourne during the summer months should miss the pleasure of an excursion on Port Phillip Bay. The fleet of excursion steamers maintain a daily communication during the summer months from Port Melbourne railway pier to Queenscliff, on the west side of Port Phillip Heads. Mornington on the east side of the bay. Dromana, further south from Mornington, at the foot of Arthur's Seat, a mount of 1,100 feet high. Fine fishing and shooting can be obtained.

197 Corio Bay Excursions.

Steamers run between Melbourne, Portarliugton, and Geelong, and steamers leave Melbourne from Queen's Wharf, in the River Yarra, adjacent to Queen's Bridge, daily. Fares, 2/6 single, 3/6 return, available for one month. Portarlington: Here is the fine beach for miles along the foreshore, and many charming drives into the undulating country may be made. , t. i

Railway Trips. Full information and guide books may be obtained at the Tourist Bureau. Ballarat (74 miles from Melbourne, via Bacchus Marsh).—1416 feet above sea level. Frequent and convenient train service. Has been termed the Garden City, notable for its public parks and gardens and many fine statues. Lake Wendouree, a great sheet of ornamental water, is 3 miles in circumference. Burrumbeet Park on Lake of same name is 13 miles by rail from Ballarat, and Lai Lai Falls about the same distance. A visit to the mines and the old fields is of great interest. Bendigo, 101 miles.—Total gold output to date over seventy millions sterling. Deepest gold mine in the world, still working at depth 4,200 feet. Beautiful public gardens and conservatory. Alpine Districts.—The scenery in the Alpine country surrounding Bright, 196 miles, is unequalled in any part of Victoria. Within easy riding or driving distance is Mt. St. Bernard, 5,000 feet; Mt. Hothani, 6,100 feet; Mt. Feathertop, 6,300 feet; and Mt. Freezeout, 5,500 feet. Various circular trips are arranged for the convenience of tourists. One train daily. Time, 10 hours by morning train, or 8 hours by Albury express and branch connection. The Buffalo Plateau Mean altitude, 4,000. feet. Plateau snowclad from May onward for greater portion of the year. Magnificent scenery. Sunrise from The Horn an impressive spectacle, not to be equalled elsewhere in the Commonwealth, and once seen never to be forgotten. Special tickets are on issue in summer season from Sydney and Albury to the Buffalo and Gippsland Lakes. Buchan Caves.—The favourite trip to Bairnsdale and the Lakes District may be varied by exploring the wonders of the Buchan Caves. Coach 47 miles from Bairnsdale to Buchan. Alternative route, circular trip from Bairnsdale through lakes to Cunninghame and Lake Tyers, thence motor launch to Nowa Nowa, and coach to Buohan, returning to Cunninghame and home via Sale, will be appreciated. Quite a number of magnificent caves are opened up within a ten-mile radius of Buchan. The Fairy Cave, Royal, Federal, Moon and Kitson's Cave are among the finest in Australia. The scenery on the Buchan and Murrindal Rivet-.? j S wiUl and grand.

BENDICO, one of the great Mining Centres of Victoria,


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

198

BURNS, P I P and COMPANY LIMITED Merchants, Shipowners and Tourist Agents

Queensland Building:—84-88 William Street, MELBOURNE [f^^i Passengers Booked by all Steamship Lines INTERSTATE, NEW ZEALAND EUROPE, AMERICA, AFRICA, , INDIA, JAVA,

IDEAL HOLIDAY TRIPS To all the Isles of the

South Pacific, Papua, New Britain, New Hebrides, Solomon, Lord Howe, and

Norfolk Islands, FIJI,

FAR EAST,

Etc.

Etc.

and the

Melbourne Offices: 84-88 WILLIAM STREET.

ROUND THE WORLD TOURS ARRANGED FOR ALL INFORMATION APPLY TO OUR TOURIST DEPARTMENT.

r

IMPORTERS AND iNDENTORS OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS OF MERCHANDISE.

%

Cornsacks, Bran Bags, Woolpacks, Potato Gunnies, Ore Bags, Hessian, Sewing Twine, Kapok, Coir Fibre, Oils, Whitelead, Resin, Turpentine, Chemicals, Bark, Seed, Peanuts, Cocoa Beans, Rubber, Copra, Fencing Wires, Wire Netting, Etc., Etc.

\ HEAD OFFICE: BRIDGE ST., SYDNEY, N.S.W.

/

A

BRANCHES AND ACENTS THROUGHOUT THE WORLD


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

TASMANIA

THE.GARDEN AND PLAY GROUND OF AUSTRALIA

Huon River—in Tasmania's Principal Apple-growing District.

T

ASMANIA is one of the finest TotUisI Resorts in the Southern Hemisphere, and no traveller should miss the island State from his itinerary. It is right in the track of Southern Pacific travel, and is but ten hours' run from the Australian mainland. There is a regular service from Sydney to Hobart and from Sydney to Launceston. Between Launceston and Melbourne the fastest turbine steamer in Australia runs thrice weekly, and twice weekly a steamer runs from Melbourne to Burnie and Devonport. Tasmania is a land of rivers, lakes, and mountains, and it is a veritable tourists' paradise. It is also a prolific orchard country and has some of the finest fruit growing tracts in the world. The climate is cooler than the rest of Australia, and in the summer months the is.land's accommodation is taxed to the utmost. The Tasmanian Government deals directly with the tourist. Hobart, the capital,—one of the most beautiful cities in the world—is the headquarters of the Tasmanian Government. Tourist Department; and the Bureau will a r range for transport of the visitor to any part of the island. A shilling trip to a local resort For

Information

about Visiting . .

TASMANIA

is not too small for the Government Bureau to handle, neither is a tour of the whole island too big. Travel coupons are issued including both 'ares and accommodation if desired. A choice of all available means of conveyance is offered to enquirers—rail, motor, or steamer. In Launceston the same facilities are provided by the Branch Office of the Government Bureau. But not only in Hobart and Launceston is the visitor thus assisted, for in other T a s manian centres there are local Tourist Associations to apply to. The Tasmanian Government has its own Tourist Offices in Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane and Perth, where guide-books, tickets, and information can be procured. For detailed information regarding Tasmania, either as to travel or settlement, enquirers should write to Mr. E. T. Emmett, I he Direclor of the Tasmanian Government Tourist Department, Hobart, Tasmania. A comprehensive illustrated guide-book, witl large sheet map of Tasmania, Hobart and* Launceston, accommodation list and prions, is issued, and will be posted to any address fur Cd. ... . DIRECTOR. TASMANIAN GOVERNMENT Write* TOURIST DEPT., HOBART, TAS.

199


200

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Iron Knob, Spencer's Gulf, S. Australia, from whence the Broken Hill Poty Ltd. obtain their iron ore for the Company's Newoa-tle Iron and Steel Works.

high-grade


A.U.S.N. Co.s GUIDE.

201

Melbourne I to Adelaide. ROM Melbourne to Point Lonsdale, Queenscliff, at the entrance of Port Phillip is about 40 miles. From here a S.S.W. course is steered past Eagle Nest Light,, 26 miles to Cape Otway, a further 38 miles; at which prominent headland is a flashlight, visible 24 miles. Cape Nelson is 97 miles on, a steep promontory on which is a white-fixed light, visible 20 miles. This headland marks the position, in the bay behind Point Danger, of Portland, a port easy of access, there being no dangers in the approach. It has a railway jetty in the south-west 40 feet wide, and projects 1200 feet from the shore into 17 feet of- water, while the new pier, which is 700 feet northward of the railroad jetty, projects into 31 feet of water. This is a port for a great area of agricultural and pastoral lands. The land trends northward from here, and about 30 miles on we cross the 141 Meridian, the boundary of Victoria and South Australia, at Discovery Bay. Inland from "here is the town and district of Mt. Gambier. This is the capital of the South East, 305 miles by railway from Adelaide, and the centre Of magnificent lands. The Blue. Lake, Underground River, Valley, Lake, Caves, and other curiosities attract many visitors. A petrified corpse was a one-time attraction, but this appears to have disappeared. From this point- we make north-west alcng a coast which brings

F

to mind the voyage along these shores in 1802 of the famous Captain Flinders, many of the bays and headlands having names given by this great navigator. In the most easterly part of the coast the estuary of the Murray and Encounter Bay are the principal indentations, and the projection terminating at Cape Jervis tends to diversify the coast line. In general the coast is high and rocky, though low and swampy in places, as on the shore of Encounter Bay, where a long narrow lagoon, named the Coorong, stretches for many miles parallel with the sea, and separated from it by a narrow strip of land. Besides numerous islands of small size, there is one of considerable extent at the entrance to the Gulf of St. Vincent, which gulf we enter through Buckstairs Passage. From here it is about 50 miles northward to Port Adelaide.

The tourist, coming up the St. Vincent Gulf, cannot fail to admire the magnificent panorama of landscape spread out before him. A high range of hills, Mt. Lofty Ranges, run north and south and shuts off the eastern view, and concentrates the vision on the plains, situated on which, close to the foothills, is Adelaide, the capital of the State. The country is open and undulating, rising in easy gradients from the shore

to the mountains. Cultivated fields give the country a chessboard appearance; vineyards, alternating with cereal and irrigated fodaer crops; grass meadows, contrasting with the chocolate colour of the fallowland. Soon, passing the Outer Harbour with the great steamers lying alongside the fine wharves, we enter the Port River and draw up at Port Adelaide, the chief port of South Australia, from whence a railway journey of 7 miles brings us to the City of Adelaide. Port Adelaide is a busy, if dusty, port. Great ships line the wharves, thousands of tons of wheat and flour are stacked for shipment; trains hurry right through the streets, with clanging bells; flour mills and foundries are busy with their trades, making a scene of such activity as to surprise a visitor.

RECKITTS BLUE


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

202

G. WOOD, SON & CO., WHOLESALE GROCERS, MERCHANTS and IMPORTERS, NORTH TERRACE,

- - -

ADELAIDE. Telegraphic Address :

BRANCHES:

'Wood Son," Adelaide.

Port Adelaide (South Australia) Cable Address :

Fremantle

" Celebrator," Adelaide.

(West Australia)

Perth (Wesl Australia)

Codes Used:

Broken Hill

A1, A.

(New South Wales)

and

London

Western Union.

(Mincing Lane) HEAD.OFFICE,

AGENTS

B.C.,

FOR :-

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ADELAIDE.

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L E V E R B R O T H E R S , L T D . , "Sunlight," "Lifebuoy." "Monkey," and " T o i l e t " Soaps; "Sunlight" Oil Cake, Glycerine, etc. R E N M A R K F R U I T P A C K I N G U N I O N LTD., packers of Currants, Lexias, Sultanas, Apricots, Peaches, etc. B E N S D O R P ' S Cocoa A U L S E B R O O K S Biscuits. H E I N Z ' S Pure Food Products WHITE'S Jellies. D U C K W O R T H ' S Essences. S H E L D R A K E ' S Pickles. P E C K ' S Pot'ed Meats, etc. etc.

Warehouse

a n d Factories a t Port

Adelaidi


A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE.

203

South Australia.

In the Nit. Lofty Ranges, near Adelaide.

S

OUTH AUSTRALIA is bounded on the east by Victoria and New South Wales, on the north-east by Queensland, on the north by the Northern Territory, and the west by Western Australia, and has an area of 213,244,800 acres. Compared with New South Wales and Victoria, this State presents little diversity of surface. Its mountains are not so high, and its tablelands not so extensive, while its great plains are more intersected by ranges of hills. From Gape Jervis to the head of the Gulf of St. Vincent runs the Mt. Lofty Range, though it bears other designations in particular parts. Its average elevation is less than 2,000 feet, and it culminates in Mt. Lofty 2,334 feet, not far from the City of Adelaide. From the head of the Gulf to lat. 30deg. a series of ranges run in a northerly direction, termed comprehensively, Flinders Range. The highest point in them is Mt. Remarkable, 3,100 feet. Away to the north are numerous low ranges, while on Eyres Peninsula, to the west of Spencer's Gulf, is the Gawler Range, rugged, but of low elevation, not exceeding 2,000 feet in height. At the south-east corner of the State there is a hilly tract containing many extinct volcanos. Of these the most noteworthy is Mt. Gambier. While the whole of the State may be described in general terms as undulating, there are many great areas of plains. Hetween Mt. Lofty and Flinders' Ranges on the one side and the Murray River on the other the country is very flat, and has been found magnificent for wheat growing. Further north plains of large extent are met with, devoted chiefly to pastoral affairs. There are few rivers, the Murray being of the greatest consequence; the others are short coast streams. Lakes are numerous and some of considerable extent. Nearly all are salt, the exceptions being principally in the south-east, where the Blue Lake occupies the crater of an extinct volcano. Railways penetrate the whole of the State, and splendid facilities are here to visit any part. The history of the State commences after the visits of the explorers in the year 1829, when Mr. Edward Gibbon Wakefield propounded a system of colonising the great undeveloped territory by means of a private syndicate, but the British Government was averse to granting legislative powers to a private company, and the scheme fell through. Amended proposals, however, were made, and in the year 1834 a special Act was passed in the House of Commons constituting South Australia a British province, and appointing a governor and other officials. Colonel Light was appointed Surveyor-General, and when he arrived in the year 1836 he strongly disapproved of the original settlement of Kangaroo Island. A survey party went forth and discovered a river which was named Torrens, in honour of Colonel Torrens, the Chairman in England of the South Australia Colonising Commission, and a tract on the Torrens River was selected as the site for the city, named Adelaide in honour of the Queen of William IV. Shortly afterwards Captain (afterwards Admiral Sir) John Hind-

V\

marsh, R.N., arrived as first governor, and on December 28, 1836, at Glenelg, he proclaimed the foundation of the new colony. Five years later the British Government had to go to the assistance of the Colonising Commission, which had failed, and South Australia was constituted a Crown colony. For several' years the territory was administered as a Crown colony, witli frequent concessions, and in 1857 responsible Government was granted. From that time dates the real settlement of South Australia. The State, until very recent years, embraced the area known as the Northern Territory, but that is now administered by the Federal Government. South Australia covers an area of 380,070 square miles, and its population is estimated at 441,663. During the 53 seasons covered by official records nearly 550,000,000 bushels of wheat have been produced, and the export of breadstuff's is estimated to have returned £82,225,500. During recent, years special efforts have been directed towards railway construction and land settlement, especially along the banks of the Murray River. The trade of South Australia amounts to £6,118,458 imports and ..£8,533,912 exports, which includes: Wheat two and a-half million; flour, four million; wool, two million; minerals, four million; and hides and tallow, half a million in value. Some 2,600 ships visit the various ports annually, with a total tonnage of over eight million tons, exclusive of the Murray River trade. The railways open amount to over 2,221 miles, with a capital cost of about 17J millions. The State Savings Bank returns show deposits amounting to £12,000,000, among 325,381 depositors, an average of £36 5s. 2d. per depositor, an increase of £5,000,000 in 10 years. South Australia is a great wheat-growing State, and a visit through the wheat fields at harvest time is a revelation to visitors. There are over 2J million acres under this crop, the yield ranging from 17 million to 25 million bushels per annum, and averaging from 8.18 to 13.26 per acre. This State also produces enormous quantities of grapes, there being 25,000 acres of vines, which is producing some 42,000 tons of grapes. Of this nearly 25,000 tons were used for wine making, 4,000.000 gallons being produced, 15,000 tons were used for dried fruits, and 2,000 tons for private use. In fruit-growing South Australia is in the forefront of Australia, and during the last few years has made great progress. The apple crop alone has totalled for shipment over a quarter of a million cases, the exports of fresh fruits being valued at £68,000. Large fruit farms are in the vicinity of Adelaide and are easily reached by car, a trip through the Mt. Lofty Ranges in fruit time being a revelation of wonderful production amidst beautiful scenery, while the great irrigation settlements of Renmark and Mildura can be reached through beautiful scenery by the Murray River, either from Morgan, 109 miles, on the north-east line, or Murray Bridge, on the Adelaide-Melbourne line, an instructive and enjoyable trip.

View of Morialta Falls Reserve, near Adelaide.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

204

GlervOsmoad.

The Murray Riven

/


A.U.S.N. Co/s GUIDE.

205

A D E L A I D E , THE GITY BEAUTIFUL. Illustrations from Photos Supplied by the Intelligence and Tourist Bureau of South Australia. DELAIDE.—The capital of South Australia is situated on the banks of the River Torrens, midway between St. Vincent's Gulf and the Mt. Lofty Ranges. The approach, either by sea or land, is attractive, and cannot fail to favourably impress the traveller. It is not, howover, until the visitor comes within the city proper and notes its substantial yet ornamental architecture, its wide, clean, well-paved streets, delightful squares and spacious parks, that its ideal situation is fully realised, and the skill and foresight with which it was designed by Colonel Light fully appreciated.

A

The climate resembles .that of Italy, and is one of the most per-, feet in the world. In winter the air is fresh and bracing, in summer dry and healthy. Even in the hottest months the heat is usually tempered by a pleasant southerly breeze, which, as " the day dies in the west," leaves the night cool and restful. The city and its environs invariably win the encomiums of visitors, and many noted writers have placed on record the impressions they received of the " beauties and charms " of the city, while they have also recognised the advantage it possesses in having so near at hand " a lovely mountain range holding in its recesses such a beautiful variety of entrancing scenery," and there are few other cities in the world which can present such a series of panoramic views and offer such delightful walks and charming drives, which may be enjoyed at small expense and with little exertion. The appellation which Adelaide has won for herself, " the City Beautiful," is but a compendium of her attractions, and not an extravagance of language. Adelaide was described by Lord Bryce as *•' the nearest approach to a garden city in the world." When you look down from Mt. Lofty upon the white city beneath, girt with gardens, and belted with parks, you will agree there was some justification for the statement of the much-travelled Statesman. For many years its progress was very slow. This was due in the first instance to the exodus of its population to the sister colony of Victoria after the discovery of gold, and, later, to the competition from Melbourne. The " garden city," however, soon recovered, and has steadily forged its way along the road of progress, and now has a population of over 200,000 persons. Its great beauty lies in its planning. The plan, though rectangular in the mass, consists of two portions, Adelaide and North Adelaide, the former being the principal business centre. The city is bisected in both directs ns by the finest central streets in the Commonwealth, being 132 feet in width, which form a large central square at the junction. Smaller squares also have been planned where some other important streets cross each other. Where King William-street crosses Wakeffleld-street it forms Victoria Square. This is the centre of the city. In this square Street and Garden Views, Adelaide. is a statue of the late Queen Victoria, another John M'Dowall Sturt, a famous explorer, Colonel Light (the designer of this beautiful city), Hon. C. C. Kingston, Statesman, and of Captain Sturt, another great ixplorer. There are four other squares in Adelaide—Hindmarsh, Light, Whitmore and Hurtle—all planned with the most carefully precision, nd this part of the city is bounded by four terraces facing the carKnal points of the compass, and known as the North, South, East and West Terraces. In North Adelaide the central position is occupied by Wellington Square. A strip of park land, half a mile in width, divides !he two portions of the rivers, and winding down the middle of this park is the River Torrens which is spanned at intervals by five ornamental iron bridges. So far as parks and reserves are concerned Adelaide stands out as an example to the world. It has some 2,000 acres of green, known as park lands, dedicated for all time to the public, and provided for in the old days by Colonel Light, who it is r.tated brought the design of laying out the city from India. Adelaide :s not yet in need of " lungs." But the time will come when these open spaces will be a blessing to Adelaide, as to-day they are a delight. The background is a heave of hills, sometimes grey, sometimes dark green with olive plantations, sometimes patched with the lighter green of orange groves. To look from Mt. Lofty Ranges upon the tfalk,

sweet

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of A d e l a i d e is t 0 s e e a p i c t u r e

of

beauty

-


206

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

GRAND CE14TRAL HOTEL ADELAIDE, SOUTH AUSTRALIA. The Palace of Hotels in Australia.

?

This Hotel is the best appointed in the Commonwealth. Central and Comfortable. Magnificent Dining Hall, Elegant Drawing Rooms, Spacious Winter Garden and Lounges. Promenade Hoof. Steam Heating in Rooms and Corridors. Sumptuous Apartments (Suites and Single Rooms). Hot and Cold Water Throughout. Elevators running day and night. Electric Gar passes the Door.

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Tariff from 15s. per Day.

>5§^i2b

Bed and Breakfast, 8s. per Day. . WICImJaKS^Smm^ma^^^^^ss^=s^i^^uE^STRfFii-i,, ,

Private Dinners, Afternoon Teas, At Homes and Wedding Parties a Speciality.

P. HENNESSY, -

Manager.

1 TELEPHONE: PORT, 2133.

Pv. J. BATTYE, (LATE G. BATTYE),

Wholesale Greengrocer, Fruiterer, Poulterer, Shipping Providore = — — — — CARLISLE STREET, PORT ADELAIDE GLANVILLE, Shipping Supplied in any Quantity with the following :— POULTRY, FISH AND VEGETABLES, POTATOES, ONIONS, DAIRY PRODUCE, MILK, BUTTER, EGGS, CHEESE AND BACON, BREAD. GENERAL STORES OF ALL KINDS.

For any Ship requirement Ring up PORT ADELAIDE, Telephone 2133.


207

A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

North Terrace, Adelaide. There is excellent hotel accommodation in Adelaide. The Grand Central close to the heart of the city is a magnificent building with every comfort a visitor could desire. The outlook from the roofgarden is magnificent. In the main King William-street is the Southern Cross Hotel, a meeting place of commercial men, and Gattomi's Tattersail's Hotel, very central and one of the most comfortable of hotels. In and around Adelaide there are numerous pleasant tourist resorts, including the Mt. Lofty Ranges, Norton's Summit, National Park, and Bay trips to Henley Beach, Largs Bay, and other places. Those who desire to see some of the great agricultural resources of South Australia, all the trade of which passes through the beautiful City of Adelaide, should visit the Murray River irrigation districts. The Murray lias been termed the Nile of Australia. That definition is not altogether in appropriate when we remember what is being done at Mildura and at Renmark. A few years ago Renmark was a waste; to-day the greatest fruit-growing centre in Australia. Wheat, fruit and winel Those are the three great industries uf South Australia, and the de-

velopment of all is going to be enormous. Gibbon Wakefield may not have been a political economist, but he grasped a great truth when he-saw future greatness in South Australia. Among the wheatfields, vineyards, and orchards of this State are found some of the happiest and most prosperous people in Australia.

GATTORIMA'S

Tattersalls Hotel Hindley

Street

ADELAIDE South

Australia.

Most Central Position in Adelaide.

Specially Suited for Interstate Visitors.

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â&#x20AC;˘

Noted for its Cuisine.

LIBERAL TARIFF.

Renowned for the high quality of Wines and Spirits Vended.

J. GATTORNA, Proprietor. Blue Lake, Mt. Gambier.

I


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

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Adelaide from Post Office Tower. presents the advantage that these are not scattered at wide intervals Places of Interest to Tourists. over the whole city, but are to be found chiefly on North Terrace, Tourists and others desiring information with regard . to South the fine avenue in which the Railway Station is situated. Taking them Australia, its beauty spots, health resorts, industries, and resources, in order, as the visitor on arrival turns to the left, he finds— are invited to call at the Intelligence and Tourist Bureau, Government Parliament Houses, adjoining the Railway Station. Buildings, King William-street, opposite Post Office, Adelaide. Government House, the town residence of the Governor, in So far as public buildings and institutions are concerned, Adelaide spacious grounds at the corner of North Terrace and King Williamstreet. In front are three fine statues, one or whicli represents Scotland's Ploughman Poet; another is a replica of a famous statue of the Goddess of Love; whilst the third is a very fine equestrian statue Telephone No. Central 564. in bronze, commemorative of the late South African war. The Adelaide Circulating Library and Reading Room for public use.—Open 9.30 a.m. to 9.30 p.m. except on Sundays, when the hours are 2 p.m. to 9 p.m. Public Library.—Open on week days from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m.; Sundays, 2 p.m. to 6 p.m. Museum.—Adjoining Public Library, containing many interesting ethnological and natural history specimens. Open 10 a.m. to 5 p.in.; Sunday afte'rnoons from 2 o'clock. University and Conservatorium of Music.—With statues of Sir Walter Watson-Hughes and Sir Thomas Elder. The building was opened in 1882, and, together with subsequent additions, has cost in all £58,000. Exhibition Buildings.—Shows of Royal Agricultural and Horticultural Society in March and September. Rooms of School of Desiga and Technical Art—first floor. Is in the most central position in Adelaide. School of Mines and Industries—Finest building of its kind in Commonwealth; due largely to benefactions of Hon. George Brookman. Excellent Family and Commercial Hotel. Adelaide Hospital.—Fronts North Terrace, surrounded by beauFirst-Class Dining Koom. tiful grounds. Visiting: Sunday, Tuesday, and Thursday afternoons, 2 to 4. Only Best Brands of Wines and Spirits Stocked. The Zoo—Frome Road, which turns to the left from North TerCool Bedrooms and Electric Lighted throughout. race. Admission 6d; children half-price. Saturdays 3d., children Id. Collection numbers 1,400 animals, birds and reptiles; it is admitted lo Hot and Cold Baths. be the best in Australia. Electric Lift and every convenience throughout. Botanic Park.—Entrance from Zoo and through the Botani.' Gardens. Area, 65 acres, with many beautiful walks and drives. Botanic Gardens.—Entrance from North Terrace. One of Adelaide's chief attractions. Open daylight till dark. Other places of interest are:— Fire Brigade.—Wakefleld-street, 4 minutes' walk east of Victoria Square. Visitors always welcome. Look-out Tower affords fine vtiwi Proprietor. Law Courts.—Facing south side of Victoria Square, 3 minute3 from Post Office.

Southern Cross Hotel KING WILLIAM ST., ADELAIDE, (South Australia)

P. J. FLANNAGAN, i


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE. Victoria Square is in the centre of Adelaide. Contains in the middle a fine statue of the late Queen Victoria; a little further north is a statue of John McDouall Stuart, who was practically the discoverer of the Northern Territory; one of Colonel Light, who surveyed and laid out the city; Captain Sturt, practically the discoverer and first navigator of the River Murray; and the Hon. C. C. Kingston. A statue of Hercules occupies another portion of this square. Government Offices—Corner of Flinders-street and King Williamstreet, adjoining Town Hall, are offices of Chief Secretary, Treasurer, Lands Department, Surveyor-General, and Mines; also Intelligence and Tourist Bureau. The eastern side of Victoria Square are the offices of Railway Commissioner, Public Works, Land and Income Tax, Lands Titles Department, Waterworks, etc. Town Hail.—Nearly opposite the Post Office. Fine main and banqueting hall, the former having a splendid city organ. General Post Office.—Corner of King William and Franklin-streets, facing Victoria Square. The clock tower on the corner affords a magnificent view of the city and its surroundings. Theatres.—Royal in Hindley-street, Majestic Theatre in King William-street, and King's Theatre, King William-street south, vaudeville and variety houses. West Pictures, Olympia and Wondergraph, Hindley-street; also pictures at Empire and Tivoli Theatres, Grotestreet. Cricket and Cycling Grounds.—Adelaide Oval, just north of river, over City Bridge, with famous cricket pitches; bicycle track encircles playing ground. Jubilee Oval at rear of Exhibition, North Terrace; University Oval, between City Bridge and Zoo; also suburban ovals at Alberton, Hindmarsh, Norwood, Semaphore and Unley. Educational.—There are four very fine Colleges in Adelaide—St. Peter's (Anglican), Prince Alfred (Methodist), Christian Brothers' (for boys), and the Methodist Ladies' College. Surrounded by extensive grounds; all are within a mile from the city; also a number of commercial academies within the city. Cathedrals and Churches.—Anglican: St. Peters' Cathedral, north side of river, across City Bridge. Roman Catholic: St. Francis Xavier in Wakefleld-street, east of Queen Victoria statue in Victoria Square. Baptist: Flinders-street. Congregational: Flinders-street. Lutheran: Wakefield-street east. Methodist: Pirie-street, near King William-

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209

street. Presbyterian: Wakefleld-street. Unitarian: Wakefleld-street. Hebrew: Synagogue lane, off Rundle-street east. TRIPS BY TRAM CAR.—Burnside.—East of city at foot of hills, 5 miles. Car from King William-street. Charming view of Adelaide and suburbs. Walk of 3> miles to waterfalls. Glen Osmond (4 miles).—-South-east of city. Car from King William-street. Fine views of city and sea. Henley Beach (64 miles).—West of city on coast. Car from King William-street. One of the pleasantest drives from city. Hyde Park.—South of city 2J miles. Picturesque car ride; fine residences, parklike grounds, with fine gum trees at terminus. Magill.—East of city at foot of hills 4-J miles. Car from King William-street and Grenfell-street. Splendid view of Adelaide Plain, with sea beyond. A number of vineyards and olive groves in the neighbourhood. Mitcham.—South of city at foot of hills, 41 miles. Car from King William-street. Favourit3 picnic spot is Brown Hill Creek, short distance from Railway Station and National Park. North Adelaide (1J miles).—Grand view of Mt. Lofty Ranges and th« surrounding suburbs obtainable from North Adelaide Hill and Lefevre's Terrace. Paradise and Payneham.—North-east of city towards Hills. centre of many market gardens and orchards.

A

Walkerville.—North-east of city, 3 miles. Skirts Torrens River. On this line or near it are homes of some of Adelaide's leading merchants. Round Trips No. 1 Hyde Park car to terminus, 10 minutes walk east via Commercial-road to Unley-road, catching Unley and Mitcham car to city. No. 2 Marryatville car from King William-street every 15 minutes to terminus, thence Kensington car, returning through Norwood and Kent Town. No 3 preceding route is also practicable on the way back from Burnside. No. 4 Magill car to Towers Court Hotel, and after viewing the vineyards, etc., the return could be made by walking through Rosslyn Park, thence per Kensington Garden car. Waterfalls.—About 7 miles from city; can be reached via Burnside (as above). After leaving Falls, climb path to the right at base of Falls to the Eagle on Hill, returning via Glen Osmond road.


210

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji. Places worth Visiting

For more extended trips than those available by tram, the following may be suggested:— Glenelg (6J miles).—One of the leading seaside resorts of the State; is connected with Adelaide by two distinct railway routes. Trains leave Victoria Square at frequent intervals, and there is also a service from North Terrace. Brighton.—About 10 miles from city; rail to Miller's Corner Rail-, way Station, Glenelg, frequent trains. Henley Beach (6* miles by car, or 9J miles by rail). Semaphore, 9 J miles, rail from Adelaide Station. Largs ( 9 | miles.—'Passengers change at Glanville, excepting on mail specials, which are through trains. Outer Harbour ( 1 3 | miles).—Passengers travel via Glanville and Largs. The new Harbour and Breakwater, for the accommodation of mail steamers, etc.—the new front door of the State—was opened on 16th January, 1908. The works are of interest from an engineeringstandpoint, and are worth inspection. Hills Scenery.—Some of the most attractive drives within reach of Adelaide are to Aldgate (12 miles), returning by way of Norton's Summit, occupying about 6 hours. Clarendon (about 18 miles) good trout and perch fishing; return via Coromandel A'alley and Mitcham; time about 7 hours. Torrens Creek (about 9 miles)—Picturesque drive or cycling trip, passing through Athelstone. Houghton (about 14 miles)—Return via Anstey's Hill, a winding down-grade of about five miles; time about 4 hours. National Park (about 9 miles).—Unley and Mitcham road, and up Beliar Hill; extensive views city and sea. Time about 3 hours. Norton's Summit (9 miles).—Via North Terrace and Kent Town; returning via Green Hill road and Burnside. Time about 3 hours. Motor trips per charabanc, through the Mt. Lofty Ranges, are run by the Tourist Bureau at frequent intervals. Special trips arranged for parties during the time boats remain in South Australia.

Railway and Coach Trips Port Augusta (259J miles).—At head of Spencer's Gulf and the point of commencement of the Trans-Aust. Railway Line. Within a day's journey of Adelaide. Portions of journey are extremely picturesque. Gawler (25 miles).—On banks of South Para River. Eight miles east is Barossa Goldfield. Continuing the journey north-east through Rowland's Flat, Tanunda, and on to Angaston and Schlinke's Creek, a most fertile tract of country is traversed. National Park, Belair, and Hills Line.—Stations affording hill scenery of uncommon beauty and convenient to Adelaide are Mt. Lotfy (19£ miles), Aldgate (2 miles), Bridgewater (23J miles), Ambleside (27 miles), Balhannah (29 miles), and Mt. Barker (34J miles). These are all on the Adelaide to Serviceton line, except Mt. Barker, which is situated on the line going to Victor Harbour. The Murray River is the natural drainage area of the southeastern part of Australia, and much of Queensland. Born on the snowclad heights of Mt. Kosciusko, cradled in the rich glens of the snowy mountains, and, fed by tributaries which rise in four States, the Murray moves leisurely and majestically to the sea. For the last 500 miles of its course this great river passes through South Australian territory, an almost permanently navigable stream, through a land practically without a limit for cultivation. The scenery is often grand in its wild beauty; and the variety of game life, the giant gum-trees, box-gum, and weeping willows, through which the steamer threads its way, Jend fresh charm to every bend, and make an excursion most instructive and enjoyable. The tourist wishing to be informed of the interior of South Australia, and view the great possibilities of irrigation, should visit the Irrigation Settlement of Renmark, and if time allows, Mildura also. Both these great centres of wealth and progress are on the Murray River, and are monuments to the foresight and progressive ideas of those great Americans, the Chaffey Bros. The Journey can be taken by two routes; that from Murray Bridge on the Adelaide-Melbourne line, whence river steamers constantly travel up and down this great river, or by Morgan, 105 miles on the north-eastern line, and from there by river steamer to Renmark and Mildura. Both these places are of great interest. Thousands of

/

acres under orchards and vines, with general crops in splendid display, ;inil model townships containing all the adjuncts for a happy life.

Adelaide to Albany. Busy with the commerce of the whole State and greater town of Adelaide, Port Adelaide appears to have had omitted the care and foresight given its capital, and is dusty anil grimy with the sweat of great cargoes, and the hum and rattle of ship haulage, so one journeys from the wharf and down the narrow stream with little regret, touching almost either bank of the Port River as the vessel swings round and passes down stream. Slowly, majestically, we pass wharf and busy harbour, out to the Gulf of St. Vincent, and from there by a course south 44deg. west, 36 miles, to Troulbridge Shoal Lighthouse on the western course. Edithburgh to the west, on Yorke's Peninsula, is of interest, as some nf the finest salt in the world, by the thousand tons, is obtained in this area. Great salt pans are here, the salt rising to the surface of the depressions after rains and after being taken off by great scrapers are put through a cleansing process, bagged, and sent all over Australia. From Troubridge the course is south 70deg. west, to Althorpe Island, 53 miles, a journey of 8 hours from Adelaide. This island marks the entrance to Spencer's Gulf and the various ports to the north, Port Pirie, Port Augusta, Wallaroo, and other centres of commerce. Leaving Cape Borda Light on Kangaroo Island, to the south, we steer S. 86deg. W., passing the South Neptune Lighthouse, where the course is altered to N. 88deg. W., and, for 885 miles, we are in the Great Australian Bight, that bete noir to weak travellers, but which generally is a wonderful ocean passage of calm days and pleasant nights. The currents along this southern coast are chiefly influenced by prevailing winds. These are strong westerly in the winter months and easterly from January to May. Between the months of March-—May and October—February good conditions generally prevail, although splendid conditions are often between the months June to September. From the Neptune no land is in sight until Albany is reached, so passengers have ample opportunity for a happy time, and the voyage passes well on board ship.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

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ALBANY. Some 64 hours from Altliorp Island a dull haze in the distance slowly gave form, and the great knolls of granite which mark the entrance to the south-western gateway of the Australian continent, King George's Sound, come to view, and, swinging round Breaksea Isl''ud Light, we soon passed through the Sound, and by a narrow channel, scarce half a mile in width, enter Princess Royal Harbour, and soon draw up at the jetty; which stretches into the harbour. Captain Vancouver first rode into this great harbour 124 years ago, but it was until Christinas Day in 1826, that Captain Lockyer, with H.M.S. Fly, and the brigs Amity and Dragon came here and founded the settlement of Albany, with a number all told of 75 persons. Since then much history has been written on these shores. Progress and retrogression with progress again, busy with in and out going vessels, often the first and last port of call for some of the finest Liners trading to Australia. The main street fronts the inner Princess Charlotte's harbour, the granite hills rising to high altitude behind, from which glorious views of harbour and headland, island, and sea, can be obtained. A pretty town is Albany, clean and well laid out,

with a eliinale that is superb the whole year around. The town is governed by a Municipal Council, and there are handsome public buildings and churches. St. John's C. of E. being a most picturesque structure of stone. Tennis, golf, boating, and a dozen other clubs are well supported, and lodges of several societies have excellent hulls. Middleton Beach, a short distance away, is a splendid resort, while a trip to King River will well repay the short time devoted to this trip. The Great Southern Railway line runs north from here to Perth, 340 miles distant, and with its dozen spur lines and branches traverses simie of the finest wheat, fruit, and pastoral lands in Australia. Great areas of land near to Albany have also proved of wonderful fertility, and steadily settlement is advancing as the opportunities for progress become wider known. As settlement extends Albany will grow, and there are many factors which tend to show that this wonderful seaport will be a town of great and growing activity.

Albany to Fremantle. The run from Albany to Fremantle is 350 miles, usually covered in 24 hours, or less. The course is between Eclipse Island and the main land, round Bald Head, well-named, the shore rising by great round, sloping shelves of granite on further shoulders to considerable height. It is 24 miles to Torbay Head or West Cape Howe, the most south-west point of the continent of Australia. A great knoll, jutting into the sea, around whoso base the surf eternally rolls and breaks in great waves. From here to the White-topped Rocks, on a N. 80deg. West course is 72 miles, and is the home of treacherous currents, which, in winter time, run very strong. A danger area this, for the Whitetopped Rocks, three in number, lie low in the water, the highest but 100 feet, and at the shore side are very dangerous reefs. Foul seas continue to Cape Leuwin, which is reached at G8 miles N. 2deg. West. From Breaksea to the Leuwin are no lights, a work that calls for attention from the authorities for strong currents, especially during winter months, run all along this 160 miles of coast. Foul ground and treacherous reefs, and unprintable epithets are used for this locality. There is no improvement at Cape Leuwin, where are more strong currents and treacherous seas, and ships keep an offing of from 10 to 12 miles. The scenery along this coast is varied and charming. Great headlands and wide stretches of sandy beach, with the deep sea stretching away to the west, are with us all the way, and from the

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St. George's Terrace, Albany, W. Australia.

- deck wonderful vistas of sea and land are ever with us along this coast, so intimate with the early history of Australia. We are now going a course about N. 30deg. W. up the coast of West Australia, low hills and shore, broken here and there by great headlands, to the east of which are the great Karri and Jarrah forests of West Australia. The course from the Leuwin brings us among the rocks and shoals of the Geographe reef, a dangerous ledge of rocks, scarcely awash upon which the sea breaks eternally in giant spray. From here the course is N. 3deg. Eâ&#x20AC;&#x17E; 66 miles across Geographe Bay to Cape Naturaliste, a prominent headland with a most conspicuous sand patch down its seaward face. A magnificent flashing light, visible 30 miles, is stationed here. Geographe Bay is a great indentation eastwards. On the south of the bay is the busy port of Busselton, while to the north on Koonbanah Bay is Bunbury, the port for the timber regions, and also for the Gollie coalfield. From Cape Naturaliste we steer 80 miles N. 25deg. E. to Rottnest Island, the Isle of Wight of Perth and Fremantle. After steering around this whale backed island, E., S.E., and South, through a network of reefs and foul ground we steam into the Gage Roads anchorage, and soon are alongside the fine wharves in Fremantle, half an hour's run byrail from Perth, or a launch trip can be taken from Fremantle by the beautiful reaches of the Swan River to the Capital.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

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West Australia. Ocean, being only aboi.1 12 niiies i'iniii Perth. Another sight that should not be missed is in the wonderful caves of the south-west place which the world now knows as Goolgardie. Lacking suitable mining tools they used a tomahawk, and the two adventurous prospectors actually chopped gold worth several hundreds of pounds sterling out of the rock with a tomahawk. Within a few weeks hundreds of persons were tramping across the 350 miles of inhospitable country from Perth to Coulgardie. A short time after, Kalgoorlie was discovered, and so great was its mineral wealth that even Coolganlie paled in this new find of Hannan's. A romantic glamour spread over the State, which became known as the "Golden West," and the Government, under Sir John Forrest, Bart, K.C.M.G., rising to the occasion, rushed out a railway, and followed that up with a wonderful water scheme from the coast, the pipe-line being over 350 miles in length. The cost of the water scheme was over £2,500,000. But the courageous Premier did not hesitate. The railway line was opened, the water scheme was accomplished, and the sleeping giant of a State sprang into activity. The Government spent aboiafc £11,000,000 in 10 years in opening up its goldfields; the vfllue of gold recovered to date is about £125,000,000. Suoh figures read more like an Aladdin's tale than sober fact. Shipping Offices, Fremantle. iST AUSTRALIA, the Land of the Golden West, is the largest State in the Commonwealth. In area 975,920 square miles, or 020,588,800 acres, it occupies nearly one-third of the whole continent. Its length from north to south is about 1,500 miles, and from east to west, 1,000 miles. It. is as larg.' as half Europe and 18 times the size of England and Wales. Upwa?d< of 400,00 square miles lie south of the tropic line, while the north reaches ambitiously for the equator, and stands in neighbourly proximity to Java, Borneo, a n i the southernmost parts of the Orient. The north is tropical, while Albany, in the south, enjoys the coolest summer climate of any place on the Australian coast. Fur over 50 years after settlement was commeced in .New South Wales, the "Golden West" remained a kind uf No Man's Land. In the year 182G some French navigators reached t!n> western coast, and commenced making maps and charts. This aroused the suspicions of Governor Darling, of New South Wales, so he despatched fivm Sydney a small detachment of troops to take possession of King George's Sound. In the following year Captain Stirling surveyed the coast in the vicinity of Swan River, and being impressed will) tin: place he recommended the establishment of a colony, which was approved, and in the year 1829 Captain Fremantle 'hoisted the British Hag on a spot near the mouth of the Swan RTyer. On that spot has arisen the great shipping part of Fremantle. In the same year an Act was passed in the House of Commons creating Western Australia a Crown colony. This incident is interesting, because it is the first occasion on which the name 'Australia," as recommended 14 years previously by that great, navigator, Matthew Flinders, was officially used. Prior to that the name adopted for the eastern portion of the continent was New Holland. A few months later—in the year 1834— Captain (afterwards Sir) James Stirling, was appointed Governor of the settlement. In the year 1850 considerable legislative concessions were granted, but it was not till the year 1890 that full responsibility was granted. The first Parliament, under responsible Government, met in December, 1890, the first Premier being that great Statesman, Sir John Forrest. At that time the population of this tremendous State was fewer than 50,000 persons.

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To this date for GO years the colony had struggled on through many strange vicissitude-*, and the prospects were not V3ry br'ghl ;n December, 1890. Within the next five years, however, there came a wonderful change. The young colony shot upwards, as it were, like a rocket. Probably in the whole history of the world's colonisation there is no chapter so lemarkable as the rocket-like development of West Australia. Some years prior to 1890 gold had been discovered at Kimberley and at Southern Cross, but the results were not satisfactory. One day in April, 1892, two prospectors named Bayley and Ford, having pushed out across a barren waste, discovered gold at a

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The "Golden West" is still a mighty mass of undeveloped possibilities. Only a fringe of the coastal area has been even partially developed, and only that rich area can be developed properly when population number millions, instead of 308,806. Its reat variety of soils and climate is only equalled in Queensland. There are millions of acres suitable for fruit, and millions more admirably adatped for wheat. The estimates that have been prepared at different times of the enormous territories awaiting particular forms of agricultural development are amazing. One only need be quoted. In the year 1910 Professor Lowrie, after careful calculations, expressed the opinion that within a very few years the agricultural output of the State could be increased from £4,500,000 to £15,000,000, in the dairying, fruit-growing, and wine industries. Western Australia has an "enormous asset in its timber industry, possessing, as it does, some of the finest hardwoods in -the world. Before the great European war disturbed the markets pearling was another important industry. Like mining, it has an attractive and romantic glamour. The industry, however, was very largely in the hands of aliens, and Broome, the commercial base of the industry, was next to Thursday Island, the most cosmopolitan town in Australia; in fact, like a piece of tin Orient grafted into Australia. West Australia has no lack of enjoyable resorts. At Rottnest Island, off Fremantle, the visitor will find much to please him. One Wlay it will become the most popular watering place in the Indian

Shipping Wheat, Fremantle.


214

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

THE PALACE HOTEL St. George's Terrace, Perth 9

Radio and Cables: GLOWREY

residences embowered in the evergreen foliage which fringes its banks as it winds ils way to the sea, is presented a scene of woodlands, river and park, ;iiiil we see:— Sailing boats gliding cm. Sailing boats gliding on, As night creeps o'er the sky: The sweet and ever tranquil Swan, To charm the gazer's eye.

WESTERN AUSTRALIA.

PALACE,

PERTH.

Modern Perth oan ray claim In being among the most progressive Cities la the Commonwealth^ especially wfien viewed from the excellence ><( its lofty and picturesque buildings. In the transition of the City from the old ti> the in w. the PALACE HOTEL came largely i n t ° prominence. This Hotel situated in ST. GEORGE'S TERRACE, PERTH, il now the recognised. resorT for tourists, cpmmercial, and mining men from all parts of the world, and graziers from the North-West. It contains 128 bedrooms, s number of elegantly appointed suites and private apartments. Everything that mechanical ingenuity and invention has devised has been requisitioned to make the Palace a Qrstclass hotel. From the balconies a charming view of the Swan River, with pretty

Post and Telegraph Office on the premises. 'flit most up-to-date Hot Water Service in Australia. The

Sanitary System is most modern.

Large and Small Sample Rooms. Hairdressing Saloon on the premises. A t t e n d a n c e D a y a n d Night

Tariff M o d e r a t e .

J. T . GLOWREY, P r o p r i e t o r .

The American Bar in charge of an expert Mixiologist.

THE NEWSPAPER OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA,

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&f>e W e s t Australian"

Circulation, 50,000 Copies Daily Nett.

WESTERN

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Published Daily

AUSTRALIA'S

WEEKLY

PRICE, ONE PENNY.

NEWSPAPER

&/>e W e s t e r n Mail

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PRICE, 6d T h e L e a d i n g Weekly P a p e r of the State, consisting of 52 pages fully i l l u s t r a t e d . of the State and full telegraphic and cable news.

It c o n t a i n s all t h e week's news

Published in the Office of the " W e s t Australian. Among the special f e a t u r e s a r e the Agricultural Section, which a s s i s t s t h e settler, o r c h a r d i s t a n d p a s t o r a l i s t with special a r t i c l e s by recognised a u t h o r i t i e s ; the Sporting News, which is b r i g h t l y w r i t t e n a n d u p - t o - d a t e , and t h e Mining Intelligence from all fields. Special fiction by leading a u t h o r s aj^pears each week, a n d t h e d e p a r t m e n t s devoted to ladies, children, social news, chess and d r a u g h t s , e n t e r t a i n m e n t s a n d s h i p p i n g have a n established r e p u t a t i o n .

WEST AUSTRALIAN NEWSPAPER COMPANY, LTD., ST. GEORGE'S TERRACE, RERTH.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE. district. Around Perth and Fremantle, along the Swan River, there are some beautiful resorts, and Kings Park, is one of the most beautiful national parks in Australia. The pastoral industry is very important. The State is credited with having 5 million sheep, almost a million cattle, and 100,000 horses, besides other live stock. The gold production from 188G t<> 1914 totalled £117,489,420, the dividends in gold mining companies, £24,312,44$. The railways of the stale aggregate in length 3,000 miles. In addition to gold, the developmenl of which is slill in ils Infancy, and offers enormous scope to enterprising men, copper, tin, lead, silver, tantalite, asbestos, and other minerals occur in varying quantities in different parts of the State, while great deposits of Guano exists on the islands lying off the coast, especially on the Abrolhos Islands, 30 miles north-west of Geraldton. Coal, in seams to a thickness of 17 feet, are also being worked on the Collie Coald Field, east of the port of Bunbury. The estimate of the quantity of coal on this field being over three hundred milion tons. Upwards of three million tons have been raised. There are large salt deposils at various places along the coast, that at Port Gregory, some 38 miles north of Geraldton, at Hutt Lagoon, being spoken very highly of; the beds being capable of producing several thousand tons per annum. Lead occurs in several places, notably at the Geraldton mine, Murchison River, which was discovered as far back as 1848, while around the Northampton district are lead mines of high value.

215

A Stack of Wheat, York, W.A. In all, West Australia claims great notice from the traveller, and offers splendid choice in matters of interest; whether it be of beauty spots and marvellous caves, great spreading fields of wheat, areas of pastoral lands, fruit orchards, or the glamour and interest of mining; all are there, and a visit to the "Golden West" will be well repaid.

FREMANTLE. REMANTLE, the chief port of West Australia, is at the moutli of the Swan River, 12 miles from Perth, with which, and all parts of West Australia, it is connected by railway. Originally, a shallow harbour, Fremantle is now, thanks to the wonderful engineering ability of the late Mr. G. T. O'Connor, M.I.C.E., the engineer of the great Mundaring, or Goldfields, Water Scheme, one of the finest harbours in Australia. The mouth of the Swan was dredged, a great artificial basin created, moles constructed, and i.i eight years, with an expenditure of over a million sterling, West Australia was favoured with facilities for shipping unsurpassed. Wil'i the development of the harbour the town of Fremantle has made great progress, and we see a town, a few years ago but a small hamlet, now one of the most up-to-date on the continent, with splendid buildings, a fine electric tram service, and progressive ideals for its development unequalled. From this port there is a regular service to all the notrh-western ports of the State, and to Java and Singapore. It is the first and last port of call the A.U.S.N. Co.'s line of steamers, and for all the European mail liners. The approach to the port from the open sea is by the Gage Road. These "Roads" are eight miles long and five wide, and lie between a long line of islands and reefs, and only open from the north entrance to the inner harbour—the shipping centre—which is protected by moles, that on the north being 4800 feet long, and that on the south 2040 feet. A channel of 450 feet in width, and a length of over 3,000 feet, runs between these moles right into the inner harbour basin, gradually widening to about 575 feet. The basin always contains good water—about 30 feet at low water spring tide— and is about 4,500 feet long, and 1,400 feet wide. The wharf frontage is 9,255 feet, 7,955 feet of which carries 30 feet, 4,000 feet 22 feet to 22 feet 6 inches, and the remaining 300 feet from 10 feet 6 inches to the wharves, which have covering over an area of 177,000 square ' feet, and have been provided with all the most up-to-date necessaries for the prompt loading and unloading of every class of merchandise. Portable electric cranes figure strongly amongst the equipment, there being six fine three-ton and one ten-ton, all of them being of the four-legged gantry type, the gantry permitting the passage of two loaded trains. Everything in the way of up-to-date lighting and port requirements has been installed to cope with the expansion of the cevr-increasing trade of the port, electricity being a feature. With the establishment of the Commonwealth Naval Base, a short distance from Fremantle, and the completion of the Transcontinental railway line, this port will undoubtedly, become of much greater importance, < l

F

In addition to the train service to Perth, a fast steam servics is conducted by the s.s. "Zephyr" between Perth and Fremantle. This ferry steamer meets all incoming steamers at Fremantle, and passes through the beautiful scenery of the Swan River, landing passengers in the heart of the city, handy to Post Office, Government Buildings, and leading hotels.

Telephone: North Fremantle 714. i

..FREMANTLE.. Steam Laundry SWAN iSTREET, NORTH FREMANTLE. .Contractors I" all local Shipping Companies. Prompt execution of Shipping Work a Speciality.


Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

216

PERTH. ERTH is a gem of a city, set in a beautiful position. It is situated on a gradually sloping bank of the Swan River, 12 miles northwest of the port, Fremantle. In front of the city, the rivedevelops into a wide stream, known as Perth Water, on the south hank of which, is the residential area of South Perth, and the Victoria Park. The capital value of the t'iIy is estimated at 8} million, the unimproved value, £640,000. There are 13,000 buildings in the area, wilh 134 inili-s uf macadamised roads, and 2J miles wood blocked. and Council, whicffc. 'hicf acquired the rights of the private company in 1912, at a cost of £042,030. The electric tramway system is under the control of the Government, which purchased the rights of the old company in May, 1912, at a cost of £475,000, and have since extended the line in many directions, giving an excellent service through the city, and to the suburbs. How improved is the city, will be recognised in the fact, that, between the years 1910-1911. new buildings costing over £1,000,000 were erected, and these have since been added to, until now it is the equal to any city south of the equator. By the foresight of the Right Hon. Sir John Forrest, Bart., K.G.M.G., the first Premier of the State, under Responsible Government, a magnificent stretch of country, 1,000 acres in extent, now known as the King's Park, was reserved to the people for ever. The area is close to the city, on the high lands' to the west, and extends along the river bank for over two miles. The drive through this

P

domain is one of the most picturesque in the Commonwealth, and arouses memories in the minds of visitors of the celebrated Hobby drive at Clovelly, North Devon. Here, especially in September, the most glorious of the wonderful wild flowers uf West Australia are seen in all their beauty, while the view from any part of the river, lowland, and distant mountain, is always charming. A refreshment kinsk is an added attraction, and hand recitals are given at regular intervals. Up to the time of the greal gold discoveries at Coolgardie and Kalgoorlie, Perth had in reality, been a village. In 1871, the city population was 1,500. In 1894, it had increased to 13,700; to-day. it is about 50,000, and within a radius of 12 miles, there are estimated to be 110,000 people. Extensive reclamation works along the river have been carried" out, and the land reclaimed laid out as recreation grounds; whilst carriage drives extend along the full length of the river. liui'ing the last 17 years, Perth may be said to have been practically rebuilt. When the city emerged from its chrysalis state the old buildings, which had done duly fur the previous 50 or more years, were no longer suited to the changed conditions. The various banks and insurance companies began the work of erecting more commodious and imposing structures, principally in St. George's Terrace— a line tree-planted boulevard, overlooking the river—whilst commanding sites of offices, business premises, wharehouses, and stores, have risen like mushrooms, in the centrol treets. The magnificent

Views at

Fremantle and

Perth.

View

of

Shipping G r a i n , Fremantle.

Perth. Viking House and fi.U.S N. Offices Perth.

F r e m a n t l e Harbour.


A.U.S.N. Co.'s GUIDE.

Palace Hotel being one of the noticeable structures. There are two cathedrals, as well as large churches for other denominations, two large theatres, several picture palaces, handsome refreshment rooms, a museum, art gallery, public library, many clubs, and other public institutions. The morning daily is the "West Australian," well edited, and ably conducted; from this office is also issued "The Western Mail," a high-class illustrated weekly. The temperature of Perth ranges from a mean maximum of 86.7 to a mean minimum of 03.6 in January and 46.3 in July. The heat is dry, and the city is particularly healthy.

Places of Interest to Visit Public Institutions.—Parliament Houses, Harvest Terrace; open for inspection by permission. Perth Mint, Hay-street; Perth Observatory, Hay-street; open for inspection, Tuesday afternoon, 2.30 to 3.30; Friday night, 8 o'clock. Permission must be obtained previously, in writing, from the Government Astronomer. Public Offices, St. George's Terrace, Barrack-street, and Cathedral Avenue. General Post Office, St. George's Terrace. Main Hall open from 7 a.m. to 10 p.m. Town Hall, Hay-street. Government House and Grounds, permission from His Excellency the Governor must be obtained to inspect. Museum Geological Survey Department, corner of Beaufort and Francis streets,- open doily from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., and on Saturdays

OCKERBY I CO. LID, Millers and Flour Merchants,

217

from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. Public Library, corner of James and Beaufort streets, open week days, 10 a.m. to 10 p.m., and on Sundays 2 p.m. to 5 p.m. Museum and Art Gallery, Beaufort-street, open on week days 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. (Friday excepted), and on Sundays 2.30 p.m. to 5 p.m. Museum of Department of Agriculture, third floor West Australian Chambers, open daily. Swan River Mechanics Institute, corner of Hay and Pier streets, open to subscribers as follows:—Beading Room (visitors charged 6d per week), week days, 9 a.m. to 10 p.m.; Sundays, 2 p.m. to 10 p.m. Lending Library, Monday to Friday, 11 a.m. to 9 p.jn.; Saturdays, ,11 p.m., Ito- 9.30 p.hi Parks and Reserves.—King's Park (open sunrise to sunset), affords a splendid view of the city, South Perth and Melville water, and is one of the finest in the Commonwealth. ' The Terrace, King's Park, Mounts Bay Road. Perth Public Gardens, opposite General Post Office, open on week days, 9 a.m. to sunset; Sundays, 2 p.m. to 6 p.m. Hyde Park, North Perth. East Perth Park, or Queen's Gardens, open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Esplanade Becreation Beserve, open at all times (includes Bowling Green and Tennis Courts). Wellington Beserve, Delhi Square, Weld Square (East Perth, between Beaufort and Stirling streets). Zoological Gardens, South Perth, open week days, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.; Sundays, 2 p.m. to 6 p.m. Available by road (via Causeway) or by ferry, 1/3 return, including admission to Zoo. Mundaring Weir, the head station of the Geldfield's great water scheme, is a three hours' journey by rail from Perth, on the Kalgoorlie line. It holds 4,600,000,000 gallons, and supplies 22 towns. The water has to be pumped 354 miles to a point 1,210 feet higher than the reservoir. It is raised t>y eight pumping stations along the principal main, which is 30 inches in diameter. The delivering capacity is five million gallons daily, whilst the average daily consumption is at present 1,886,000 gallons. This great work cost over £3,000,000. It was begun in 1896, and finished in 1903. It is a magnificent sight, and visitors sihould not miss itt Splendid hotel accommodation adjacent. York is one of the oldest and most important agricultural centres of the State, situated on the Avon Biver, about 60 miles east of Perth, on the Albany line. The district is noted for its splendid growth of cereals, potatoes, vines, and fruit trees. The town is one of the most picturesque in West Australia.

Millars' Timber and Trading Company Ltd.

HEAD OEFICE ,

7 A.M.P. CHAMBERS, WILLIAM ST., P E R T H P.O.

BOX 384.

SHIPPING OFFICE :

23 HENRY ST., F R E M A N T L E , West Australia.. MILLS:

EUREKA

MILLS, COTTESLOE,

The Largeft Flour Mills in Western Australia.

UNION

MILLS, KELLERBERRIN.

ADDRESS ALL

SAWMILL PROPRIETORS and GENERAL UMBER MERCHANTS KARRI, JARRAH, TASMANIAN HARDWOODS, QUEENSLAND PINE, NEW SOUTH WALES HARDWOODS, OREGON, BALTIC. Head Australian Office:

St. George's House, St. George's Terrace PERTH, W. AUSTRALIA

COMMUNICATIONS—

OCKERBY &

CO.

LTD.,

Millers a n d Flour M e r c h a n t s , 7 A.M.P. CHAMBERS, WILLIAM ST., PERTH, W.A. TELEGRAMS AND CABLES: OCKERBY, PERTH. W.A. CODES—ABC 4th and 5th EAtiow; Western Union, Riverside, Scott's, Lieber. Moreing & McCutcheon.

Also 22 Branches. MELBOURNE: Maffra Street, South Melbourne. SYDNEY: Union Bank Chambers, Pitt Street. NEW ZEALAND: Millar's West Australian Hardwoods, Ltd., Wellington.


218

Around the Coasts of Australia and Fiji.

Katanning, Ztt

miles from Perth, and US mill's from Albany,

for tlie growth of cereals ami fruit. Wine-making is carried on; an i'|i-|u-il.it.' wim' cellar taming out about 7,000 gallons annually, ami i!n' init|iiii is Increasing. Ttfiere are also large flour mills. Kaigooriie, 880 miles east of Perth, is tii intre of gold-mining in W.A.. ami nas a population, including the surrounding districts, of 29,242. Train semco from Ki'i-maiilli: daily, arriving at Kaigooriie the Bext iiuiniing. The down train leaves Kaigooriie daily, ami arrives at FreWanfle next morning! The famous Golden Mils is the sight nf iin' w. \. gohitieids, ami is situated between Kaigooriie and

away annually. In addition there are numerous other trees of commercial value, denoting further the great, timber wealth of the Stat?. The principal ports of Wesi Australia, In addition to Albany and Fremantle, are— Bunbury, is 86 miles south of Fremantle, and is the principal shipping seaport for the famous Jarrah timber. It has a Jetty 1,6,50 feet, protected by a breakwater 3,200 feel in length. This Jetty has now a berth oapable of accommodating a vessel drawing 26 feet. Bunbury is a favourite health resort, and has direol railway communication with Fremantle. The district is noted for its excellent pastoral and agricultural land. Splendid fishing is obtainable in the harbour

Boulder

and

i» also tin' oeotre of a large agricultural district, splendidly adapted

City.

From Kaigooriie east runs the great Transcontinental Railway Line, and tourists, in BearoH of novelty, anil a iimst Interesting experience, should frrange for a trip along tins line, linking up the Bast with tin' West. For hundreds of miles the steel rails pierce a great waste df ricfb red loam. Fur the Drst 150 miles it traverser level bush country, then it breaks through suddenly on to the •Xi: 11;111r• [• P l a i n ,

a

level

expanse

of

upeil

downs,

estimated

lii

he

103/000 square miles in area. Not a tree is to be seen for hundreds nf miles. Nothing hut low shrubs, beautiful in their uowering, with here and there greal patches of salt bush, its silvery leaves glinting in the sunlight. Miles of this country is clothed with a low, dense, shrub, the beautiful Blue Bush. The soil of these plains, as all the way from Cooigardie, is a light sandy loam. This plain overlays a huge belt of limestone, which here and there outcrops on the surface in flat beds, but its presence is chiefly denoted by thousands of limestone nodules scattered ever she land. There is very little evidence of life on these plains. Occasionally an owl or pheasant is seen, but there are myriads of fat rabbits, who scurry to their warren in droves as the train hurries by. Caves on these plains are numerous, blowholes denoting their presence, and, although unexplored give evidence of great size. No streams break the continuity of the landscape. All the rain, usually very little, soaks into the limestone, but a wealth of artesian water has been proved to exist at a depth of from 150 to 350 feet. The Caves of the South East lie between Cape Naturaliste and the Leuwin, a day's journey via Busselton from Perth. These are glorious In their beauty and magnificence. From Busselton they are reached by car, over 20 miles of bush roads, which are a dream of abnormal beauty. The centre point of this cave district is Caves House, Yallingup, where excellent accommodation may be obtained. The cost of a three days' tour from Perth, and accommodation, is but £2/17/6, and no one should miss this splendid evcursioo. JAHRAH AND KARRI FORESTS.—The magnificent forests of West Australia are situated in the south-west part of the State, and lie from,north of Perth to beyond Albany. Easily accessible by rail, the time spent in a visit to these magnificent forests, will be well repaid. Information will be willingly furnished to those interested by the South-west Timber Hewers Co-operative Society, Ltd., who work upwards of 100,000 acres of Jarrah and Karri timber country or Millar's Timber and Trading Co., Ltd., both of Perth. These handsome forests, containing some of the finest hardwoods in the world, are chiefly located along the Darling Ranges, where wellnourished rivers take their course through magnificent soil. In places, the density is appalilng. The Karri trees, raising stalwart trunks to great heights before branching, grow at times, so compactly, that the sky is almost shut out from view, and one has the sensation of venerable age looking down uppn pigmies beneath. In some instances the trees reach an altitude of 300 feet, and are branchless for the first 160 feet. In general appearance, the Karri is very imilar to Jarrah, is hard, very fibrious, with a straight grain. Its superiority for superstructure work, wood blocks, waggon, and general construction work, is acknowledged. Jarrah is the foremost of the hardwoods, and is more plentiful »han Karri. Its principal habitat is along the tablelands and slopes ' the Darling Range'. On the ironstone formation it attains its •eatest degree of soundness, strength, and general durability. It is egarded as one of the principal timbers of Australia for constructive purposes, being famous Tor railroad sleepers, piles, bridges, and the planking of frames of ships. It 'is red in colour, polishes well,' is.: easily worked, and makes magnificent furniture. Sandlewood, that aromatic timber, is shipped in great quantisesfrom Fremantle to the East. Upwards of £70,000 worth being s •\r.'.

rivers.

Busselton, close to Cape Naturaliste, The Jetty has a length of 7,000 feet, Willi a depth at the end of 23 feet at low water. Increasing ifuantities of Jarrah are being shipped, and with improved shipping facilities the trade will largely increase. Amongst the attractions Bl Busselton are its Limestone Caves. The famous Yallingup Cave iiv 19 miles distant) is lit throughout with electricity. Excellent accom-. modation is provided for visitors. Geraidton, a progressive town, and centre of a rich wheat^growing district, is 210 miles north of Fremantle, and the seaport for the whole of Victoria District and Murehison Ooldflelds. The port has a jetty 2,806 feet in length, with a maximum depth of 22 feet. It is connected with Perth and Fremantle by a daily train service. Hospitr.i accommodation, provided f o meet the necessities of the outlying goidllelds, is unrivalled by thai of the capital itself. Carnarvon, 592 miles north of Fremantle, at the mouth <T the River Gascoyne. Shipping port for Gasenyne pastoral district; also the starting point of various mining centres to the West. Cossack, I l i i miles from Fremantle, is the port for Roebourne, I lie centre of large pastoral industry. Large numbers of sheep are shipped regularly for the south. Port Hedland, 1249 miles north of Fremantle, the port for the "Pilbarra" Goldflelds. The tin mines at Marble Bar are distent 100 miles, A railway runs from Port Hedland to Marble Bar. Broome is situated on Roebuck Bay, 1546 miles from Fremantle, and is the centre of the great pearling industry. The alternative cable of the Eastern Extension Company, from Banjoewangie, is landed here. There is a regular fortnightly service of steamers to Fremantle and Singapore. Derby, the chief town of the West Kimberley district, is situated on King's Sound, 1,827 miles north of Fremantle. It has a fine natural harbour. The principal products of the district are wool and live stock, and large numbers of sheep and cattle are sent away annually. Regular service of steamers to and from Fremantle. The district is well watered by the Fitzroy and other rivers, and abounding with game of all kinds, offers great attractions to the sportsman. Wyndham, on the east shore of Cambridge Gulf, 45 miles south from its entrance, is the most northerly port in W.A., and distant 2,495 miles from Fremantle. Arrangements for shipping cattle are very complete. It is the business centre of the whole East Kimberley district, and the north-east terminus of the W.A. system of telegraph. Large meatworks have been erected here by the State, and are among the most complete in Australia.

Muntiarlng Weir, the head of the Coldfleld'e Water Supply Scheme.


i t$m^.$&^ Cable Address: " IROQUOIS."

Interstate Telegraphic Address: "MACDONALD HAMILTON."

1 Macdonald, Hamilton & Co. i J"

BRISBANE

jj

MANAGING AGENTS FOK

Australasian United Steam Navigation Co., Limited Central Queensland Meat Export Co., Limited Fitzroy Estates, Limited AGENTS for British India Steam Navigation Co. Ltd

San Francisco Service (Union Steam Ship Co.)

Queensland Line of Steamers

Union Steam Ship Co. of New Zealand Ltd.

Scottish Shire Line of Steamers (Turnboll, Martin & Co.)

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New Zealand Shipping Co. Ltd.

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Canadian-Australasian Royal Mail Line

Carpentaria Lighterage Co. Ltd.

TUG AND L1GHTEK OWNERS CORINGA

TUGS

CHESTERFORD FEARLESS MABEL

BRANCHES at; Perth, Fremantle, Port Adelaide. Adelaide, Melbourne, Suva (Fiji), Maryborough, Bundaberg, Bowen and Cooktown.

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Around the coast of Australia and Fiji  

Passenger travel guide issued by the Australasian United Steam Navigation Co. for travel in Australia and Fiji.