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European Trainer ISSUE 43 – AUTUMN 2013

ISSUE 43 – AUTUMN 2013 £5.95




As easy as ABC?


Do they do more damage than good?


EXCLUSIVE: Japan’s Northern Farm Publishing Ltd

LENNART REUTERSKIÖLD On a high after Derby victory

GILES ANDERSON Enhancing the autumn season further


wo years ago in the autumn issue of European Trainer, I wrote about my wish to see more of a defined championship season during the months of September and October. So naturally, I was pleased to learn about the plans in Ireland to introduce a two-day “Champions Weekend” next year. As always, when one country innovates their fixtures, others will shudder and worry about how the changes will affect them. Instead of worrying, racing leaders need to think of the opportunities these subtle changes offer to innovate the European Pattern system. What about the introduction of a European Championship season from late August in Germany through to British Champions Weekend in late October? We don’t have to get hung up on championship points for jockeys or trainers as some type of marketing gimmick, but the introduction of a new European Championship tier in the pattern would give the contestants greater prestige. The difference here is that these races will be a series of season-ending Group One races across Europe for different brackets of horses to determine greatness in each division. The introduction of this new level would allow the European Pattern race committee to determine which races count rather than let individual countries get too focused on their own domestic schedules. Sure, each country will have its own champions but surely a Pan-European champion will have greater long term benefit to the sport. After all, a series of championship races is going to create more international interest and momentum than will a domestic-only programme. Just look at what the European Championships mean to Association Football or the Six Nations Championships to Rugby Union. Looking at the magazine in your hands, we’ve assembled an interesting collection of articles to see you through until our winter issue is published at the end of November. Our feature profile is on the leading Swedish trainer Lennart Reuterskiõld, fresh off his victory in the Swedish Derby. We also feature the varying shoeing rul es across Europe as well as the emerging science behind stride analysis. Our nutrition features cover the different vitamins in the horse’s diet and the importance of a good forage regime. We take you to Japan for a behind-the-scenes look at the powerhouse of Japanese racing – Northern Farm – and we profile the training brothers Nicolas and Christophe Clement. Wherever your racing takes you this autumn, g ood luck! n

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Chairman’s message

CRIQUETTE HEAD As I write this at Deauville, we are in the heart of the summer season, with some fantastic races behind us and plenty more to look forward to in the autumn as the generations meet.


WOULD like to congratulate all trainers who have won races large or small and wish you the best for the autumn season. The classics always represent a great moment in the racing calendar and although this year’s renewal of the Epsom Derby may not be the best we have seen in recent years, I still have the utmost respect for this most traditional race. Personally, I experienced great joy with the victory of Treve in the Prix de Diane at Chantilly. The moment was even more special as it rewarded my family's work as breeders and owners at the Haras du Quesnay. We should never forget that we trainers owe our results to the efforts and patience of owners and of course breeders, and I wish all breeders a successful sales season over the next months. This year's Royal Ascot meeting provided us with a historic moment as Estimate took the Gold Cup for HRH the Queen. This was a perfect example of how racing can bring together all social levels. The wonderful images of Queen Elizabeth II cheering her horse on to the Ascot winning post will remain in our minds for a long time and I hope that they will bring racing closer to the general public. Other noteworthy performances at Royal Ascot came from Al Kazeem, whose trainer should be applauded for the great patience he has shown in bringing the 02 ISSUE 43

“The wonderful images of Queen Elizabeth II cheering her horse on to the Ascot winning post will remain in our minds for a long time and I hope that they will bring racing closer to the general public” horse back from injury, and from all the international visitors who make this meeting such a fascinating event. German trainers and horses continue to shine, and Novellist is the latest ambassador for his country after his demonstration in the King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Stakes, also at Ascot. We have enjoyed some thrilling clashes on the track so far this season, notably those of Dawn Approach and Toronado at Glorious Goodwood and Elusive Kate versus Sky Lantern at Newmarket, while Moonlight Cloud’s remarkable double has been a highlight of the Deauville meeting. Despite the excellent racing, summer has been tinged with sadness by the loss of Sir Henry Cecil. We will all miss him terribly. n






Issue 43


Lennart Reuterskiöld


Feeding fibre to racehorses

Fredrik Otter profiles Sweden’s Derby-winning trainer Lennart “Junior” Reuterskiöld.

Merial Moore-Colyer discusses getting the balance of fibre just right for our racehorses.



Vitamins – as easy as ABC?

Catherine Dunnett wonders, are extra vitamins good for health and performance?


Relative Values – the Clements Bill Heller speaks to brothers Nicolas and Christophe Clement, top trainers separated by the Atlantic Ocean.


To shoe or not to shoe

Lissa Oliver on when and where horses may race barefoot, and to what advantage.


Northern Farm

Arkle – the legend of Himself

Excerpted from Anne Holland’s new book on the great chaser.


Stride analysis

The efficacy of stride analysis technology, by David Thiselton.


The downsides to antibiotic therapy Why too many antibiotics may do more damage than good, by Bonnie Barr and Celia Marr.




European Trainers Federation

Frances J. Karon visits Katsumi Yoshida’s Northern Farm, a world-class breeding empire in Hokkaido, Japan…

TRM Trainer of the Quarter



Rise of the Japanese-bred racehorse …and looks at the history and future of Japanese racing abroad, plus Katsumi Yoshida’s Northern Horse Park.

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Product Focus


Stakes Schedules

CONTRIBUTORS Publisher & Editorial Director Giles Anderson Editor Frances Karon Circulation/Editorial Executive Suzy Crossman Picture Editor/Editorial Executive Harriet Scott Design/Production Neil Randon Advertising Sales Giles Anderson Photo Credits

Dr Bonnie Barr, VMD DACVIM was a staff member for one year at Texas A&M University before rejoining Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital in 2001 as an associate veterinarian specialising in internal medicine. She became boarded in internal medicine in 2003. Her areas of special interest include equine neonatology, equine infectious diseases and infectious disease control. Dr Barr is the co-author of Equine Pediatrics. Professor Celia Marr is an equine clinician at Rossdales, Newmarket. She is a RCVS and European Specialist in Equine Medicine and Honorary Professor at the Glasgow University Veterinary School. She has previously worked at veterinary schools in Glasgow, Pennsylvania, Cambridge and London and in racehorse practice in Lambourn. She is Chairman of the Horserace Betting Levy Board’s Thoroughbred Research & Consultation Group and Editor-in-Chief of Equine Veterinary Journal.

APRH/Paul Bertrand, Si Barber, Emma Berry, Charlotte Clement, Valerie Clement, Simon Earle, Healy Racing,, Frances J Karon, Caroline Norris, Stefan Olsson, Rossdale Equine Hospital, George Selwyn, Shutterstock, Frank Sorge

Cover Photograph Stefan Olsson

Dr Catherine Dunnett BSc, PhD, R.Nutr. is an independent nutritionist registered with the British Nutrition Society. She has a background in equine research, in the field of nutrition and exercise physiology, with many years spent at The Animal Health Trust in Newmarket. Prior to setting up her own consultancy business, she worked in the equine feed industry on product development and technical marketing.

Trainer Magazine is published by Anderson & Co Publishing Ltd. This magazine is distributed for free to all ETF members. Editorial views expressed are not necessarily those of the ETF. Additional copies can be purchased for £5.95 (ex P+P). No part of this publication may be reproduced in any format without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Bill Heller, Eclipse Award winner Bill Heller, an author of 25 books including biographies of Hall of Fame jockeys Ron Turcotte, Randy Romero, and Jose Santos, is a member of the Harness Racing Hall of Fame Communications Corner. He and his wife Anna live just 30 miles south of Saratoga Race Course in Albany, where their 24-year-old son Benjamin also resides.

Printed in the European Union For all editorial and advertising enquiries please contact Anderson & Co Publishing Ltd Tel: +44 (0)1380 816777 Fax: +44 (0)1380 816778 email: Issue 43

Anne Holland was one of the first women to ride (and win) under National Hunt Rules in the UK, and was a leading point-to-point rider. A journalist, she has written many books on horseracing including Steeplechasing: A Celebration, The Grand National: The Irish At Aintree and All in the Blood. Frances J. Karon is from Puerto Rico and graduate of Maine’s Colby College with a Bachelor of Arts degree in English. She operates Rough Shod LLC based in Lexington, Kentucky and specializes in sales, pedigree research and recommendations. Dr Meriel Moore-Colyer BHSII has a PhD in Equine Nutrition, and 20 years experience as a University lecturer. She has published more than 70 academic articles on equine nutrition and worked with many UK-based Feed Companies on product research and development. Currently a Principal Lecturer at the Royal Agricultural University. Lissa Oliver lives in Co Kildare, Ireland and is a regular contributor to The Irish Field and the Australian magazine, Racetrack. Lissa is also the author of several collections of short stories and two novels. Fredrik Otter is a 39-year-old racing journalist who combines his daily work as an fixed income strategist for a bank with his passion for racing. He previously worked as Racing Director for Täby Galopp, Scandinavia's premier racecourse.



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David Thiselton is the chief racing writer for Gold Circle Publishing, who are contracted to produce all of the racing pages for the Independent Newspaper Group in South Africa including eight

EUROPEAN TRAINERS’ FEDERATION AIMS and OBJECTIVES of the ETF: a) To represent the interests of all member trainers’ associations in Europe. b) To liaise with political and administrative bodies on behalf of European trainers. c) To exchange information between members for the benefit of European trainers. d) To provide a network of contacts to assist each member to develop its policy and services to member trainers.


Criquette Head-Maarek Association des Entraineurs de Galop 18 bis Avenue du Général Leclerc 60501 Chantilly FRANCE Tel: + 33 (0)3 44 57 25 39 Fax: + 33(0)3 44 57 58 85 Email:

Vice Chairmanship:

Max Hennau FEDERATION BELGE DES ENTRAINEURS Rue des Carrieres 35 5032 - Les Isnes BELGIUM Tel: Fax: +32 (0)81 56 68 46 Email:


Vice Chairmanship:

Christian von der Recke Hovener Hof 53919 Weilerswist Germany Tel: +49 (0 22 54) 84 53 14 Email:


Erika Mäder Jentgesallee 19 47799 Krefeld Tel: +49 (0)2151 594911 Fax: +49 (0)2151 590542 Mobile: +49 (0)173 8952675 Email:

Mauricio Delcher Sanchez AZAFRAN, 5- 3ºM MAJADAHONDA 28022 Madrid Spain Tel: +34 (0)666 53 51 52 Email:



Josef Vana CZECH JOCKEYS AND TRAINERS ASSOCIATION Starochuchelska 192/16 159 00 Praha 5 - Velka Chuchle Contact: Roman Vitek Mobile: +42 (0)606727027 Email:

Rupert Arnold NATIONAL TRAINERS’ FEDERATION 9 High Street - Lambourn - Hungerford Berkshire RG17 8XN Tel: +44 (0)1488 71719 Fax: +44 (0)1488 73005



Jano Cagan SLOVENSKA ASOCIACIA DOSTIHOVYCH TRENEROV MDZ 48 942 01 SURANY Slovakia Tel: +42 19 03 165 609 Email:

Ovidio Pessi U.N.A.G. Via Montale, 9 20151 Milano tel. +39 02 48205006 mobile: +39 348 31 33 828 08 ISSUE 43


Jim Kavanagh IRISH RACEHORSE TRAINERS ASSOCIATION Curragh House-Dublin Road Kildare-Co.Kildare IRELAND Tel: +353 (0) 45 522981 Fax: + 353 (0) 45 522982 Mobile: + 353(0)87 2588770 Email:


Sven-Erik Lilja Eventyrveien 8, 1482 Nittedal Norway Tel: +47 (0) 67 07 14 12 Mobile: +47 (0) 91 12 88 96 Email:


Fredrik Reuterskiöld Swedish Trainers Association South Notarp 3228 S-243 92 Hoor Tel: +46 (0)413 55 00 65 Fax: +46 (0)413 55 04 95 Mobile: +46 (0)70 731 26 39 Swedish Trainers Association North Karlaplan 10 115 20 Stockholm Sweden Mail: Tel: +46 (0)8 662 46 79 Mobile: +46 (0)708 756 756

Carlingford Lough and AP McCoy are led in after the Galway Plate, the horse’s third consecutive win at Galway for trainer John Kiely (right)

TRM Trainer of the Quarter


The TRM Trainer of the Quarter award has been won by John Kiely. Kiely and his team will receive a selection of products from the internationally-acclaimed range of TRM supplements worth €2,000, as well as a bottle of select Irish whiskey. WORDS: LISSA OLIVER PHOTO: HEALY RACING

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OR the past 35 years and more, John Kiely, from his coastal base of Lisfennel, Dungarvan, County Waterford, has been recognised as one of the shrewdest trainers in Ireland, and it’s a rare Galway Festival that doesn’t see him visit the winner’s enclosure. As well as high-class winners in his own yard, over the years he has earned respect for talented young bumpers and novices, many of whom have been sold on to exciting careers in Britain. His own stars of the past include the Galway Hurdle victors Black Queen and Indian Pace and the talented mare Liss A Paoraigh, a multiple Grade One heroine, but it’s Carlingford Lough who is currently proving the flagship horse of the yard, and his win in the Galway Plate has secured Kiely the coveted

TRM Trainer of the Quarter award. The Galway Plate is Carlingford Lough’s third consecutive win at the Galway Festival, having won the Handicap Hurdle in 2011 on only his third start and the Ladbrokes Handicap Hurdle last year. “There is a case for horses for courses and he is definitely one of those horses,” Kiely says. “He seems to enjoy Galway and he always comes up the hill pretty well. He’s been a nice horse since I got him. He’s had some small problems, but nothing serious, and he has delivered in the Galway Plate with the help of his jockey, A P McCoy.” A trainer who normally prefers to avoid the limelight, Kiely is much happier quietly winning races at local meetings, but he recalls 2009 at the Aintree Grand National meeting fondly, when his two runners Candy Creek and Liss Na Tintri

finished first and second in the mares’ bumper. “I’ve trained since 1974 and have been lucky enough to have some very nice horses along the way,” Kiely says modestly. Many of these have been mares, and the trainer continues: “I’m lucky to have some very nice owners and a lot of them are breeders, so it’s important for them to see their fillies and mares performing on the racecourse.” Not one to rest on his laurels or bask in the publicity, John Kiely will be happy to settle back quietly in his yard and will no doubt already be looking ahead to the 2014 Galway Festival, where Carlingford Lough will be hoping to add to his tally. The seven-year-old certainly has plenty more to come, as does his evergreen trainer. n

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LENNART REUTERSKIÖLD Sweden’s man of the moment

On the 11th of August, Irish-bred Hurricane Red duly obliged as the favourite to give trainer Lennart “Junior” Reuterskiöld his first Swedish Derby. Emotions were running high; Reuterskiöld could barely speak and his eyes were filled with tears as he entered the winner’s enclosure. “I can barely remember the last 400 metres, I was just screaming,” he said. WORDS: FREDRIK OTTER PHOTOS: STEFan OlSSOn


HE week before the Derby, you could feel the tension in the air at the yard of Reuterskiöld, known as Junior to the Swedish racing crowd. For the first time ever, Reuterskiöld was saddling three horses, all in the big race with a good shot. His yard is situated at Jägersro, home of the Derby, so he had the advantage of home turf, even though the racing surface at Jägersro is dirt. Without a Derby win under his belt prior to this one, Reuterskiöld was known to train older horses, but now that has changed. Among the three he ran in the Derby was USbred Mr Edge, by Added Edge. Mr Edge was unlucky in the draw having to start from stall 12 and was never competitive in the race. More important, Be My Award, by Academy

Award, won the Derby Trial in style and got drawn in stall six. Be My Award finished best of all Swedish-breds and came fourth after racing alongside Hurricane Red for a good part of the race. Reuterskiöld’s best horse, Hurricane Red, by Hurricane Run, won the first leg of Jägersro’s Triple Crown, Voterlöpning, a race from which four of the last five Derby winners stem. Hurricane Red was the highest rated horse in the Derby on official ratings, six pounds higher than the Sir Mark Prescott-trained raider Alcaeus (by Hernando), and ten pounds higher than the other English raider, Proud Citizen’s London Citizen. Now to the big race: It was London Citizen, trained by Elaine Burke, who got the lead. The pace was fast and Elione Chaves put Hurricane Red just behind London Citizen

with stablemate Be My Award on the outside. With 1000 metres to run, the attacks from behind were forming, but Chaves held the rail with Hurricane Red and just waited. At the top of the stretch, a gap appeared and with a tremendous turn of foot he quickened away to an easy victory with London Citizen a clear second. It was a joyful moment for Reuterskiöld, the eldest brother in a trio of trainers, and the crowd was cheering loudly when he led Hurricane Red to the winner’s enclosure. When asked what the Derby means to him, the answer came quickly: “A Derby is a Derby; it is the race all owners and trainers are looking forward to winning. When we buy yearlings, it is with this race in mind and of course it meant a lot to me to win the Derby. Many top people in this game will never have

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PROFILE a Derby contender, and now I had three in the same race! Some might say that they don’t really care or that they want to win other races, but I guess no one would mind a Derby winner, and the dream of the Derby is one thing which unites most of us in this game, even though we don’t think about it every day.” Reuterskiöld is always high on the ranking list for the Swedish trainers’ championship, a championship he has won in 2010 and 2011. And this year the success of his three-yearolds have again brought him into real contention for the title which otherwise seems to be booked for one of the powerful Norwegian-based trainers such as Niels Petersen or Wido Neuroth. Reuterskiöld took out his trainer’s license in 1998, and the reason for his success is attributed to nothing else but hard work, even though having a supportive family does help, he said. “The main reason for my stable’s success is actually my wife, Linda. We have been married for 13 years and she works with this as much as I do. It just happens to be my name on the licence. Our riding skills are

“The main reason for my stable’s success is actually my wife, Linda. We have been married for 13 years and she works with this as much as I do. It just happens to be my name on the licence” probably the single most important factor when it comes to describing the reason behind us being among the top trainers every year. I would say that without Linda this just wouldn’t have happened. She is a most talented rider with long experience including working at Hall of Fame trainer Richard Mandella’s stable, riding world class horses. I also want to mention that she was a champion apprentice in Sweden in 1996.” The number of horses in training is around 30. Twelve of them are two-year-olds, 11 are three-year-olds, and eight are older horses. Besides the talented three-year-olds mentioned earlier, Reuterskiöld has one of the most promising horses in Scandinavia: Rock Of Ridd, an Irish-bred daughter of Antonius Pius who is a heavy favourite for the Norwegian Oaks. “I am very happy with the number and mix of horses. It is equally challenging to get the youngsters ready for the classics as it is to get the older horses primed for the black type

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races. I find it economically sounder to focus on older good horses; they can always find a good race somewhere both here in Scandinavia and, if you are lucky, abroad.” Well-respected among colleagues and having been brought up in a racing family, Reuterskiöld knows that “racing is racing,”

and he just keeps on working, success or no success. Known to have a temper, he usually keeps to himself and gets his strength from his close family. “I was born into a racing family and we help each other a lot. At the races I and my two younger brothers are competitors, but we

Above: Junior Reuterskiöld with his best horse, Alcohuaz. Left: Jacob Johansen and Junior Reuterskiöld saddling up. Above right: stretching the front limbs prior to exercise. Below right: Linda Reuterskiöld with daughter Wilma. Right: The walker

will always be family when the racing day is over. We are always very professional and the business part of our lives is kept separate. I would say that my father has been my main inspiration but I have learnt a lot from other trainers as well, and worked for quite a few for shorter periods. You always have to be open for improvement, just like your horses. Learning tricks of the trade from others is what you have to do to keep up in the top of this game.” The top Derby trainer in Scandinavia is Wido Neuroth, living and working in Norway but with eleven Swedish Derby winners. Neuroth gave this opinion of Reuterskiöld: “Junior’s horses are always very well presented and when they start you know they are fit, which makes him a terrifying competitor who always warrants respect. Outside the racecourse he is one of few who speaks out when there is a problem and I feel that I almost always agree with him, even

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PROFILE though I am not a man for the barricades. Racing would need more people like Junior if it is going to change in the right direction.” Reuterskiöld’s outspokenness has indeed earned him a steady flow of fines from the judges, but he is a very important voice for the trainers. “I have no problem,” Reuterskiöld said, “with being considered rude, but that is not my intention. I think it is necessary to say what you want when you can make a difference. This entire backyard gossiping and complaining is totally useless; you should say what you want in public, and say it right away.” They say that the jump jockeys make the best flat trainers, and Reuterskiöld is proving the point. He has won two amateur flat racing championships and two over the jumps. As a professional jockey, he won two championships over the jumps and he won the Swedish Champion Hurdle at Strömsholm four times: 1993-1995, and 1997, all with a horse trained by his father (also Lennart Reuterskiöld) – the mighty Peace King, by Adonijah. That was an incredible fourtimer in a highly competitive race and the pinnacle of Reuterskiöld’s jockey career. “I actually didn’t start to ride properly until I was 13 years old. Earlier I was only playing football and wasn’t very impressed with my parents’ way of life. Then a stable lad, working for my father, Mikael Berneklint, showed me that boys could be good at other things than football. We made good friends and then I discovered the beauty of racing and the fun of riding. I started out as an amateur and later became a professional. In Scandinavia the National Hunt scene is very small so it did not really matter if you rode as an amateur or as a professional, and it is always better to be paid

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“Junior’s horses are always very well presented and when they start you know they are fit, which makes him a terrifying competitor who always warrants respect” Wido Neuroth for doing what you love instead of doing it for free. In my experience jump jockeys are more collegial than their flat counterparts and have more fun together so I would say that as a jockey I preferred the jumping part and I certainly had some success as well. “ Junior and Linda have two children: Anton, 13; and Wilma, 11. Anton only cares about football for the moment so we will see if history repeats itself there. Wilma, on the other hand, is riding, and she has already

competed in a few races on her pony. Pony racing is growing in popularity in Sweden at the moment. “Actually Wilma is also playing football and I was an assistant trainer for her team for a while. Anton is really crazy about his football and instead of Lester Piggott there is a poster of Cristiano Ronaldo in his room. I follow my children’s football and know exactly how every game is played even though I am often busy myself during weekends, when much of the good racing is taking place.” Sometimes the Scandinavian racing scene is too small and Reuterskiöld is well known to take his chances abroad if he knows that he has got the horse for it. In 2009, Alcohuaz, by Merchant of Venice, was bought from Chile by one of Reuterskiöld’s steadfast owners, Omar Zawavi. After locking horns with the Scandinavian sprinters, Alcohuaz was sent to Baden-Baden in Germany, where he won the Listed Flieger-Preis. Still improving, Alcohuaz took his chance in France in 2010 where he captured a Listed race at Maisons-Laffitte before finishing second in a Group 3 at the same racecourse. “Alcohuaz is obviously my best horse ever. He has shown that he can win on the continent (Europe) and he has given me some fine moments as a trainer. I said earlier that you always can find good opportunities in Scandinavia, but with a horse of this class you can find races all over Europe, although I mainly look for races in France and Germany.” Talking about Europe, it doesn’t seem like Reuterskiöld has ever considered moving there. “Not really, actually. France holds the most Hurricane Red wins the Swedish Derby

LENNART REUTERSKIÖLD Reuterskiöld’s string out on exercise

“The prize money is good in Sweden and a new racecourse is being built in Stockholm. I am considering moving there, but I am not very confident that the racing authorities will get it right.”

Rock of Ridd, winner of the Norwegian 1,000 Guineas, with Elione Chaves on board

prize money, but is it hard to get a breakthrough there. If I wanted to move it would more likely be to the United States, where racing is good and where it is easier to prove yourself and get a breakthrough. But I like it here at the Swedish Riviera, Malmö.” But as he is a man always on the lookout for improvement, it seems likely that Reuterskiöld is open to change. “The prize money is good in Sweden and a new racecourse is being built in Stockholm. I

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am considering moving there, but I am not very confident that the racing authorities will get it right. Thanks to our betting monopoly, we have great prize money, but unfortunately the management of the sport is questionable. A lot of people in leading positions are without any knowledge of the sport and a lot of so-called leaders are just doing nothing. We have the competence in the sport; it is just not used properly. I really want the new racecourse, Önsta, to be a success but I doubt

it. The last few years have seen management come and go without doing anything useful. This has got to end, and I tell everyone constantly that it is time to start to listen to the people in the game, they have the know-how.” Besides racing and football, Reuterskiöld is also a keen hunter. When asked about hunting with friends or business partners he smiled and said: “I hunt with owners, and I consider them friends as well. It is mostly during autumn and winter when the best part of the racing season is over. As with the family it is always important to remain professional, you can’t treat people differently when it comes to business just because you are friends.” During a splendid career, reaching all time high as we speak, Reuterskiöld has started more than 250 horses for a total of 434 wins from 2283 starts. The one race that was long missing, the Derby, is not missed any more. n




As easy as . . .

N CONTRAST, the impact of macro ingredients such as protein, fibre, and carbohydrate can normally be clearly seen in terms of bodyweight, muscle definition, or coat condition. The characteristics or clinical signs associated with a severe state of vitamin deficiency have been clearly defined in other species, but there is less definitive information available in horses. However, severe deficiencies would rarely be found in a horse in training and excessive intake is of more concern.

Racing rations are relatively high in vitamins The basal dietary level of vitamins in a racehorse’s diet is relatively high as a significant amount of concentrate feed is usually fed. Forage, be it hay or haylage, generally has a low vitamin content in comparison and this will also reduce on storage. Beta carotene, which is sometimes known as Pro vitamin A, can be converted, albeit inefficiently, to vitamin A in the body. Grass, alfalfa and other forages are a rich source of beta carotene. Racing concentrate feeds or balancers are generally well fortified with the fat-soluble vitamins A and D but have varying levels of vitamin E. In most instances, this is enough to satisfy the minimum recommended requirement but may not be at an optimum level to support performance. Concentrate feeds may also contain a range of water-soluble B vitamins, although this is not always apparent from the bag label, as it is not a legal requirement. It is uncommon to find a significant level of vitamin C in concentrate feeds, and vitamin K may be present but not necessarily in the most bioavailable form.

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Extra vitamins can often be viewed as a key ingredient to maintaining health, or optimising performance, but is this really the case? The mystique of vitamin supplements is partly upheld because it is so difficult to measure their relative benefit or worth, or indeed their necessity, unless there has been a previously deficient state. CatheRine Dunnett BSC, PhD, R.nutR

Antioxidant vitamins can be a double-edged sword Vitamin C and E both have an important antioxidant function and work collectively to support antioxidant defence. The National Research Council’s minimum requirement for vitamin E for horses in hard work is about 1000IU per day, which should easily be satisfied by an average intake of a good racing diet. However, this level may not be optimal for performance and researchers have recently suggested that 1500 to 2500 IU/day for horses in race training could be preferable. Supplementary vitamins C and E have been associated with evidence of decreased muscle damage (aspartate transaminase, or AST; creatine kinase, CK; and lactate dehydrogenase, LDH) during training. Vitamin E in feed is usually synthetic, but research suggests that natural vitamin E is more available. Water-soluble vitamin E has also recently been developed (e.g. Nano E® or Elevate®), offering a further advantage. Vitamin C is one of the most important antioxidants in lung lining fluid and joint fluid, and so it is important for maintenance of respiratory and joint health. Additionally,

ShutteRStOCK, eMMa BeRRY

vitamin C is required for the formation of collagen and has a role in soft tissue renewal and repair as well as maintaining strength of fine capillaries in the lungs. Horses do not have a strict requirement for supplementary vitamin C, as it is synthesised in the liver from glucose. However, where inflammation, respiratory, or joint disease is present, demand may overtake internal supply. Research in horses with recurrent airway obstruction (which is akin to human asthma) reports an improvement in vitamin C status and clinical symptoms with supplementation of about 20,000mg (20g) per day. Ascorbic acid is the most common form of vitamin C in feeds and supplements, but other forms such as ascorbyl 2 monophosphate or ascorbyl palmitate are more bioavailable. A particularly preparation of rosehip (Litovet®) has also been demonstrated to provide a very bioavailable natural source of vitamin C. Over-supplementing antioxidant vitamins can elicit a negative response as they may cause oxidative tissue damage by becoming pro-oxidant. However, there have been no reports of toxicity in horses for vitamins C or E.


Do we need more focus on B vitamins?


The B group vitamins including thiamine B1, Riboflavin B2, Pantothenic acid, and nicotinic acid, among others, are intimately involved in energy generation and other aspects of metabolism including mood and behaviour. B vitamins are therefore of acute relevance to horses in race training. A range of B vitamins and vitamin K (a further fatsoluble vitamin) can be synthesised by some bacterial resident in the horse’s hindgut. However, the microbial balance in racehorses can be compromised by increased acidity occurring as a consequence of a high-starch, low-forage diet. In addition, researchers have questioned the efficiency of absorption of B vitamins from the hindgut. Supplementation with a broad range of B vitamins can therefore be advantageous. Being water-soluble is a great advantage, as excessive supplementation is unlikely to be deleterious due to their excretion in the urine. Biotin is a B vitamin that has been shown to have a positive effect on hoof horn quality, although it has less impact on hoof growth rate. Certainly in horses in training with defects in horn structure, additional biotin is a benefit. The intake required (1020mg / day) is significantly higher than the normal basic requirement present in most racing feeds.

Vitamin D is a new thrust in human sports nutrition Vitamin D is very scientifically fashionable at the moment. It is involved in many aspects of metabolism and has a central role in the transport and metabolism of calcium. In this context, it is intimately involved in muscle function and bone metabolism.

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There is renewed interest in vitamin D in human sports nutrition in relation to muscle function, skeletal strength, immunity, and allergic response, as well impact on post-exercise inflammation. The overall effect of vitamin D on exercise performance is also a growing area of research and a link has been suggested between low vitamin D status and sub-optimal performance. A recent study in professional athletes including jockeys suggested that a high proportion were deficient in vitamin D. Racehorse feeds in general tend to be well fortified with vitamin D, although there is scant information available on where optimum intake lies. The contribution of sunshine to vitamin D status in horses in training is debatable, due to the short period of time they are outside and also the small area of the

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horse’s bare skin that would be exposed to UV light. However, vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin and so excessive intake can be toxic, although toxicity symptoms in horses are poorly defined. Vitamin D supplementation may be warranted in some horses in training, but clearer information on body vitamin D status is sensible before haphazard vitamin D supplementation is embarked upon.

When Dr Green is absent should we supplement with vitamin K? Vitamin K has been the subject of one of my previous articles in European Trainer (Winter 2010, issue 32) but is still worthy of a mention in respect to supplementation. The role of vitamin K in blood clotting and bone development, turnover, and strength makes its presence in the diet at an optimum

level highly relevant for racehorses. Of particular interest is the association between vitamin K status and stress fractures and osteochondrotic lesions. The intake of vitamin K1 (phylloquinone), the form found in grass and other green forage, will be reduced in horses in training due to limited access to grazing. The K1 level in hay and haylage is significantly reduced due to its decomposition on wilting and on exposure to sunlight. Equally, availability of K2 menaquinone, produced by hindgut microflora, may also be limited due to sub-optimal hindgut health and inefficient absorption, as discussed earlier. Many vitamin and mineral supplements contain vitamin K, usually as menadione or K3, but this is not the most bioavailable form for horses. The most predominant vitamin K present in horse tissue is K1, which is found in grass, but in its natural state availability is typically only 7-13%. Superior vitamin K availability has been achieved by providing a water-soluble form of vitamin K1 and K2 (QuinaquanoneÂŽ). An increase in plasma vitamin K of 2-4 fold has been achieved with QuinaquanoneÂŽ compared to an equivalent amount from either pasture, or menadione K3. Again, establishing vitamin K status is pertinent as Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin and although there do not appear to be toxicity issues with either K1 or K2, menadione (bisulphite) has been associated with health issues. There has been little research carried out to establish the optimum level of particular vitamins required to support performance in racehorses. Equally the effects of excessive, but not toxic, levels have not been established. Caution should therefore always be taken, particularly with the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K. Targeted supplemental use of particular vitamins in specific circumstances in horses in training can bring significant benefits. However, ideally this would be done with insight of body vitamin status and more information pertaining to optimum levels in athletic horses. n

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The Clements

The Atlantic Ocean separates the Clement brothers and the idyllic tracks they race at this summer, but they’re never far apart: Christophe at Saratoga; his older brother Nicolas at Deauville. WORDS: BILL HELLER PHOTOS: CHARLOTTE CLEMENT, VALERIE CLEMENT, APRH/PAUL BERTRAND


’VE always been very close to him,” Christophe said. “We like the same things. We have the same passion.” Nicolas said, “We get on really well. We exchange ideas.” And they share special moments. Christophe, then working as an assistant to trainer Luca Cumani in England, was at Longchamp when Nicolas, then 26 years old, won the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe with Saumarez in 1990. The very next year, Christophe won his first race, at Belmont Park with the first horse he saddled, Spectaculaire, a horse Nicolas sent to him. “I was very proud to send him his first winner,” Nicolas said. “He was very emotional. The owner was one of my father’s owners, Anthony Speelman.” Their dad, Miguel, was Basque and became one of the leading trainers in France, racing horses from his training yard in Chantilly. Nicolas and Christophe literally grew up in the business of training thoroughbreds. But their brother Marc never got involved in racing. He

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THE CLEMENTS Christophe (left) and Nicolas Clement at Deauville

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PROFILE owns and operates a printing factory in Paris. Nicolas and Christophe, who is a year and a half younger, couldn’t get enough of racing. “My dad had a very nice clientele,” Nicolas said. “He worked with a good group of owners and a few Americans with good reputations such as Horatio Luro – he was a good friend of my dad. He had a bit of Basque blood in him. He shared with my father the passion of good horses, good wine, and nice women. He always brought us a present from America. He was always very generous. He had a few horses with my dad.” But their dad died young at 42 in a car crash. “I was 12 when my father passed away,” Christophe said. “I was too young to appreciate his horsemanship. But there’s no doubt that having a successful father helped me.”

Marc, Christophe (second left) and Nicolas (foreground) with their father Miguel

“I was 12 when my father passed away. I was too young to appreciate his horsemanship. But there’s no doubt that having a successful father helped me” Christophe Clement In turn, Christophe and Nicolas have developed into top trainers in their respective countries. They’ve built successful careers not only by winning major stakes, but also by making their horses’ wellbeing their top priority. “I think their father did a very good job with them,” retired US Hall of Fame jockey Jose Santos, who won graded stakes on Christophe’s Flag Down and Coretta, said. “Christophe is very dedicated, very meticulous with his horses. He’s on top of everything. Before the horse works, he checks him to make sure he’s all right to go to the track. After the workout, he checks again to make sure the horse is 100 percent. He spends a lot of time with his horses. He does it the right way. I’ve met his brother. Another good horseman.” Without their father there to help them actually get started in training, Nicolas and Christophe had to learn from other horsemen. And they put in years before starting on their own. Nicolas spent a year working for breeder Olivier Nicol in Deauville in 1982 before moving to the United States, where he worked at Taylor Made Farm in Kentucky preparing yearlings. He then got a job as an assistant to John Gosden in California and was there when Gosden’s Royal Heroine won the initial

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Breeders’ Cup Mile in 1984 at Hollywood Park. In 1985, Nicolas returned to Europe, working with Vincent O’Brien at Ballydoyle. During Nicolas’ time there, the yard won the Irish Derby with Law Society, the National Stakes with Tate Gallery, and the Irish St. Leger with Leading Counsel. Returning to France in 1986, Nicolas worked as trainer François Boutin’s top assistant for two years. Boutin trained 220 horses at the time and was the leading trainer

in France for eight years. Among the great horses Nicolas got to work with was Miesque, the two-time winner of the Breeders’ Cup Mile. Nicolas went on his own in October, 1988, training horses from his father’s old stable in Chantilly. Winning the Arc less than two years later was astonishing. “It was like a dream,” Nicolas said. “We had to supplement him. I think it was $100,000, more or less.” Christophe cherishes that moment. “I

thought this was the greatest thing in the world, a wonderful experience.” Nicolas has won other major stakes: six Group 1s, four Group 2s and 14 Group 3s. His horses have captured stakes in the U.S., Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and Italy. He is annually among France’s leading trainers and has won more than 600 races while topping €15 million in earnings. He currently trains a stable of 50. When asked about his approach to training, he replied, “I think it’s all about details. Animal

care and common sense.” Asked why his brother has continued his success, Christophe said, “The number one reason is his work. I think he works hard.” Christophe spent more than two years at Pantheon-Assas University in France before deciding to follow his brother into racing. His early career was shaped by Ghislaine and Alec Head, Francois Boutin, and Criquette HeadMaarek. Christophe came to the United States in 1986. After also working for Taylor Made Farm, he worked for Hall of Fame trainer Shug

McGaughey. Christophe said he learned a lot not only from McGaughey, but from McGaughey’s assistant Buzz Tenney as well. “He had a great background, before he even came to the United States,” McGaughey said. “He learned the American way, and he’s done a great job.” Christophe returned to Europe in 1988 and worked for nearly four years as Luca Cumani’s assistant in Newmarket, England. “He was obviously a great trainer, worldwide,” Christophe said. “Also a wonderful man

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Christophe Clement’s team at Payson Park (above) and Nicolas Clement leads out his string at his Chantilly base

because I got to know him very well. I thought he was a very smart man.” Christophe opened his own stable in September, 1991. Less than two months after Spectaculaire provided his first win, he won two Grade 2 stakes with Paul de Moussac’s Passagere du Soir and Sardaniya, owned by the Aga Khan. Much later in his career, Christophe got to train five horses owned by HRH the Queen. The horse who gave Christophe his first, second, and third Eclipse championships was Gio Ponti, the 2009 champion older male and the 2009 and 2010 champion turf male. “He was a wonderful horse,” Christophe said. “He could compete with anybody.” More often than not, Gio Ponti beat them. Over and over. Fifteen of Gio Ponti’s final 16 starts were in Grade 1 stakes, and he won six of them, including four straight, and finished second in seven more. His lone two misses were two starts in the Dubai World Cup, when he finished a close fourth and a close fifth. His final record was 11 wins, 10 seconds and one third in 27 starts with earnings of nearly $5.7 million. On grass, he posted ten wins, nine seconds and one third from 22 starts. He missed repeating as the winner of the Arlington Million by just a half-length when he finished second. He was also second by a length in the Breeders’ Cup Classic to Zenyatta.

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THE CLEMENTS Gio Ponti was just one of Christophe’s success stories. There have been lots of them. Clement registered his 1,000th winner in 2008, and he has finished in the top 15 in earnings eight times. He ranked 20th last year and is sitting 22nd this year through the end of June. “I’ve been a very lucky man,” he said. “I still train for owners who have been clients for a long time, since my beginning, and I have a team of people that are very good. Christopher Lorieul and Thomas Brandebourger and my grooms and hotwalkers, most of them have been with me for ten years.” Christophe isn’t surprised by his success. “I thought when I started training, I would be successful,” he said. “I believed in myself. I am very competitive, and I’m a very ambitious man.” Asked what he’s proudest of in his career, Christophe replied, “The fact that I’ve never had a positive. I’m very proud of that. And that over the last four, five years I compete and do very well at Belmont Park. That’s my main base. New York is tough. The last four, five years I think Todd [Pletcher] is number one and I’m number two.” This summer at Belmont, through June 30th, he had 14 wins, six seconds, and 15 thirds from 66 starts. Christophe couldn’t have started July much better. He won $100,000 New York-bred stakes on consecutive days with Miss Valentine on dirt and Discreet Marq on grass. His stable size varies between 60 to 80 horses. “It’s a good number for me,” Christophe said. The horses in his care are treated well. “I’m a big believer in turning horses out,” he said. “It’s nice to get them out of the stall. It’s like a cage. I like to see my horses graze.” He rarely works his horses fast. “I don’t believe in being overaggressive,” he said. “I’ve been training for 20 years. You have to keep them sound.” That doesn’t mean his horses can’t win off slow workouts. Orion Moon, a four-year-old filly from France, was entered in a $77,000 allowance race at Belmont Park on June 22nd. She hadn’t raced since December 5th. Christophe Clement She would be adding Lasix off six slow breezes. The final three were glacial: four furlongs in :53, slowest of 11 that morning; three furlongs in :39 2/5, 18th fastest out of 20; four furlongs in :51 4/5, 29th fastest of 31, and four furlongs in :51 3/5, 64th fastest of 71. She won her North American and four-year-old debut by a head at 6-1, becoming part of yet another successful summer for Christophe. He credits his wife, Valerie, for her support over the years. “Very much so,” he said. “She lives with me, which is not easy. In the US, we’re moving all the time. She’s helping me with the books, and she and our children help with the social media.” They have two children, Charlotte and Miguel, who recently graduated from Duke University and got involved with the Darley Flying Start Program, which awards a dozen scholarships to students “who want to experience the global thoroughbred industry at the highest level.” Christophe said, “He wants to train or become an agent.” Christophe met Valerie in the library at Pantheon-Assas University. “We’ve been together ever since,” Christophe said. That’s proof that Christophe did get something from his college experience after all. But it’s his experience as a horseman that has shaped his life. Asked the reason for his continuing success as a trainer, he said, “The better trainer is the simple one, like [Sir] Henry Cecil. He was an amazing trainer. You keep them happy. Keep them fit. Good things will happen. The main thing is to keep it simple.” He sounds just like his brother.n

“I thought when I started training, I would be successful. I believed in myself. I am very competitive, and I’m a very ambitious man”

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To shoe or not to shoe... that is the question ISSUE 43 31


MONTH after Saucy Night’s first win Simon Earle sent out Kavi to become the first recorded British horse on the Flat to win barefoot, over 12f (2400m) on the all-weather at Lingfield Park. While they may have been the first in Britain to win races barefoot, in 2003 Sara and Brian Minsk of Nine Maple Farm in Massachusetts were the first in the US to train and race horses barefoot. So, what is the advantage to going shoeless, and can any trainer do it? The International Federation of Horseracing Authorities (IFHA), in the International Agreement on Breeding, Racing and Wagering, states in Article 7, Shoeing of Racehorses, that “Racing Authorities should ensure that, within their Rules, it is made explicit that they have the power to prevent the use in races of shoes which may be considered dangerous and liable to cause injury. Racing Authorities are encouraged to publish clear illustrations in support of such Rules, in order that practitioners, both domestic and foreign, fully understand the terms used and the features of the shoes which are either allowed or disallowed and should establish procedures whereby shoes are regularly checked, prior to racing.” In full detail Article 7 states: (1) Plates and tips must be made of an approved material capable of being forged or moulded into shape. Tips must cover at least one third of the perimeter of the hoof. (2) Plates and tips must not exceed 150 grams in weight, provided that upon application the Stewards may give permission for the use of

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When the Simon Earle-trained Saucy Night won a two-and-ahalf mile (4000m) steeplechase on 3rd January 2005 at Folkestone, it’s probable he secured his place in British racing history. Not for his speed or age or rider, but rather for his lack of something – shoes. He followed up with another three wins that season and improved 35lbs (16kg) during his career without shoes. He had previously suffered leg problems, but when being left without shoes he remained sound thereafter and ran on firm ground. WORDS: LISSA OLIVER PHOTOS: CAROLINE NORRIS, SIMON EARLE

approved therapeutic plates up to a weight of 170 grams. (3) Plates and tips must be securely and properly fitted and must not protrude beyond the perimeter of the hoof. Plates must be secured by a minimum of five nails and tips by a minimum of three nails. The heads of nails must not protrude more than 2mm from the surface of the plate or tip. (4) Forged or rolled toe and side clips are permitted provided such clips have blunt, rounded edges and do not exceed 15mm in height and 20mm in width. Steel inserts are permitted provided they are level with the surface of the plate. (5) Bar plates are permitted, provided that the entire plate including the bar is in one piece. A bar may be welded or riveted to the plate provided that the surface of the bar is level with that of the plate. (6) Heeled plates or caulks are not permitted in flat races. Cutting plates, grippers or any other

form of plates or tips, which in the opinion of the Stewards may be dangerous, are not permitted. (7) Hoof pads shall be of a material, design and weight approved by the Stewards. What Article 7 fails to mention is the absence of shoes, and whether or not this is permissible comes down solely to individual administrative bodies, regardless of the agreements made by each country to follow the IFHA Rules. Britain, France, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Sweden, and Hungary have no additional rules regarding shoes, and horses can race there barefoot. Hungarian rider and journalist Gabriella Vonczem points out, “Personally I have never seen horses run without shoes in the last 20 years in Hungary. Owners sometimes have only the front hooves shod because of financial reasons. We often take off the hind shoes for the winter period for health reasons. Normally we put shoes on all four. Steel shoes cost less than aluminium shoes, so their usage depends on finance, but the difference between steel and aluminium is not huge. I always use aluminium for my horses for all legs. Rubber or plastic shoes are practically not used and gluing is not a trend in Hungary. Therapeutic shoes are used if necessary.” A slightly less flexible approach is taken by Poland and Belgium, where the basic rule is that horses must be shod on the front feet, although they may be left unshod on the hind feet. As Belgian trainer Max Hennau warns, “The trainer must ask permission of the Jockey Club before the declaration.” A stricter line is adopted by the Czech Republic and Germany, where Rüdiger Schmanns, Germany’s Director of Racing, informs us: “In Germany a horse is only allowed to run if it is shod with horseshoes on all four legs,” as is the case in the Czech Republic, a policy that may not be well received by every trainer. Italian horseracing journalist Franco Raimondi points out, “Some very difficult fillies run in Italy without shoes because the

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RACING another, for example if it has ulcers, it isn’t getting the necessary nutrients and can struggle to go barefoot. It helps if they are healthy. When my horses have their summer break the shod ones are turned out barefoot in the spring. There is plenty of foot growth in the spring; the hoof grows faster in the summer months and by keeping them welltrimmed the feet toughen up out at grass. It is better if it is not too wet and the ground is firmer. “When they come back in they have at least three or four weeks walking and then, if they have sore feet, they’re shod, but it gets the foot back where it should be. I found I shod more last winter and did struggle, due to the wet conditions. I ended up doing masses of road work as the gallops were too wet, so they needed shoeing or they would have got sore. “I may not be the best example,” he continues, “as I don’t have a large string, but I have found since I started to leave my horses barefoot that I haven’t had a tendon injury in

“In trotting it is a common practice to run the horses without shoes, as the French say ‘deferre de quatre’” Franco Raimondi

Simon Earle trains a mixture of shod and unshod horses (above) at his yard, with his shod horses turned out barefoot in the spring

blacksmith was kicked. In trotting it is a common practice to run the horses without shoes, as the French say ‘deferre de quatre.’” It is interesting, too, to note that Vonczem mentions the removal of hind shoes during the winter for health reasons, a topic dear to the heart of British trainer Simon Earle. “With NH horses in particular 90% would suffer from some type of tendon injury,” Earle explains. “What can happen when a horse is shod over a period of time is the foot migrates

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forward and becomes long at the toe and under-run at the heel, and this puts more strain on the tendon. If the farrier supports the heel as required the horse is likely to pull the shoe off, so the horse sometimes has to be shod slightly forward. By leaving the horses barefoot with good trimming it’s easier to keep the angles correct. “I have a mixture of shod and unshod at home,” Earle says. “If a horse isn’t healthy and isn’t absorbing its food for one reason or

over six years. If the foot doesn’t get the stimulation it’s intended to it becomes weaker. If you allow the frog to come into contact with the ground it stimulates the blood flow and strengthens the foot.” A perfect example is the ten-year-old gelding Red Not Blue, who has improved 51Ibs (23kg) since first racing unshod, and has remained sound. “He’s won nine races and run on varying ground and has never been shod since we’ve had him,” Earle says. “There is an argument that shoes provide added traction, but horses with shoes can slip up. I might not run a barefoot horse at a course that is tight, especially if it has rained on firm ground, and some horses don’t have as much grip as others, so it’s a matter of knowing the individual. But too much grip can cause joint issues. “There are some horses who want firm ground, but their legs are just not up to it. I know that I have run some horses on firmer ground and they have come back fine. If they had been shod over a period of time then I would not have run them on firm ground for fear of getting a leg injury. I believe races are less competitive on faster ground and possibly easier to win. Red Not Blue has done all his racing in the summer.”

BAREFOOT Another trainer who knows firsthand the benefits of good shoeing and who understands the preference for leaving some horses unshod is Irish Restricted Licence holder Paul Fahey. Fahey is also a Master Farrier and, with Fahey Brothers Farriery, works as a racecourse farrier on racedays and numbers two of Ireland’s leading NH and Flat trainers among his clients. “I personally haven’t run a horse unshod, but I’ve seen plenty run without,” Fahey says. “We always shoe to support the heel, as all the pressure is coming down on the heel and that places high pressure on the tendons. There are some horses you can’t shoe that way and will pull the shoe off.” It’s thanks to Fahey Brothers Farriery that the Irish Turf Club Rules on shoes in recent years saw an increase in the size of Calkins. The Irish Rules now state: A horse shall not enter the Parade Ring or run in shoes which have protrusions on the ground surface unless they comply with the following: On Front Shoes, it is permitted to use four No. 2 nails, two inserted on the inside and two on the outside of each shoe, protrusions of which must be limited to ¼”. The use of nails on the front of the shoes and the use of American toe grab plates or those with a sharp flange is forbidden. On Hind Shoes, it is permitted to use Calkins provided they are limited to ¼” in height. No other protrusions are allowed.

“I don’t have a large string, but I have found since I started to leave my horses barefoot that I haven’t had a tendon injury in over six years.” Simon Earle This allows for slightly higher Calkins than in Britain, where the Race Manual (B) Schedule 4 rules that “No horse may enter the Parade Ring in shoes which have protrusions on the ground surface other than Calkins or studs on the hind, limited to 3/8” in height. The use of American type toe-grab plates or those with a sharp flange is forbidden.” In France, no height is stipulated, but “any protrusion must be rounded.” “We were finding that if a horse slipped up in a race, no one checked to see if it was adequately shod,” explains Fahey. “We were in a situation here in Ireland where we were seeing meetings abandoned because horses had slipped up, but it had nothing to do with the ground, it was because they were not adequately shod and no one was checking. We found ourselves in an argument with the

Turf Club, who felt higher Calkins would be dangerous to a jockey if a horse stood on him. We pointed out that if a horse stayed up it wouldn’t stand on a jockey! “Things reached a head at Tramore, when there were a good few horses slipping up and the manager had me unofficially check the shoes of those who had slipped. None of them were adequately shod for the conditions. We were also working as the racecourse farriers at Kilbeggan, where we found the same problems. At that point we realised this is not right, something needs to be done. As a result of our findings, the Irish Turf Club changed the Rules to allow higher Calkins.” As a farrier and a trainer Fahey has no issue with horses running unshod in suitable conditions, but he has successfully fought a major battle to see that those animals that are shod wear the correct shoes for racing. “A complete set of racing shoes costs €65 plus VAT and it’s a poor look out if a trainer can’t manage that when a horse runs,” he points out. “You have to start from the ground up. Let’s put it this way, if a Formula One driver sets off in a race and the conditions change he comes straight in and changes his tyres accordingly.” It’s a good point, but trainers should remember that, whatever their choice of footwear or lack of it, it’s worth checking with the relevant administrative body before running a horse abroad and ‘slipping up’ themselves over rules. n

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Horses at work in the Kuko indoor gallop 36 ISSUE 43


NORTHERN FARM Japanese vision continuing to scale new heights

Visitors standing on a tall wood deck on the edge of Northern Horse Park property overlooking Katsumi Yoshida’s Northern Farm take in the stunning vista of broodmares grazing, their foals napping or playing on the gently sloping hills, in a field on the other side of a wood and wire fence. The people speak intermittently and quietly in Japanese. It doesn’t require much guesswork to understand what they are saying: The view from this spot is almost impossibly green, impossibly breathtaking, in every direction, and the language it inspires is universal. In this spot, on this summer day, this is perfection. Horses, mountains, trees, with the occasional echo of foals whinnying and crows cawing. WORDS: FRANCES J. KARON PHOTOS: FRANCES J. KARON


ORIKO Takahashi, part of Northern Farm’s yearling office staff, says, “I used to work for an airline. Now, I work in heaven.” Hokkaido is Japan’s northernmost island, about two hours by plane from Tokyo’s Narita Airport on

the island of Honshu to New Chitose Airport, which serves Hokkaido’s capitol city of Sapporo. This is the land Yoshida’s late father, Dr. Zenya Yoshida, handpicked to establish as the epicentre of Japan’s thoroughbred breeding empire. Here, after all, is the final resting place of his great sires Northern Taste and of Sunday

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BUSINESS Silence, the greatest of them all in these parts, interred at nearby Shadai Stallion Station, which is jointly managed by Katsumi and his brothers, Teruya and Haruya, and where eight of the nine active 2013 top Japanese sires stand. A forward-thinking pioneer, Zenya Yoshida’s presence in the racing industry continues to be felt on the global stage, thanks to his and his sons’ belief in Sunday Silence, the near-black son of Halo in whom American breeders weren’t especially interested. Yoshida’s Westernstyle brown felt hat and binoculars are on display in a gallery at Northern Horse Park, which opened in 1989. The bald face of chestnut Northern Taste, the Group 1 winner and outstanding sire in whose honor the park was named, appears in many photos in the gallery, offering an amuse bouche, so to speak, of Yoshida’s love for horses. The picture of his parents – Mr. and Mrs. Zensuke Yoshida – in

“Selling horses privately as a foal or weanling is a Japanese custom. My father started the select sales and wanted to fit the European way to the Japanese style” Shunsuke Yoshida Kentucky posing with Man o’ War in 1928, when Zenya was about seven years old, attests that he came by his interest in great thoroughbreds naturally. Various racing memorabilia that can barely begin to detail the breadth of the influence Zenya Yoshida set in motion lies behind other display cases. There is the blanket of flowers that draped Cesario after she won the American Oaks-G1 at Hollywood Park, and one of her

shoes. Orfevre’s dirtied Tokyo Yushun-Japanese Derby-G1 saddlecloth contrasts the shiny golden trophy he earned in that race. Wajima’s Eclipse Award is behind a glass case, not far from raised individual wood display columns holding Japanese championship trophies. In the museum, too, are Sunday Silence’s stall door, feed tub, and halter. There’s a photo, appropriately larger than life, of the stallion’s head peering from behind the iron bars of his door. For the American and Japanese racing fans who appreciate the impact he made on the racetrack and at stud, it is humbling, giving a feeling of closeness to the Kentucky Derby, Preakness, and Breeders’ Cup Classic winner, 1989 Horse of the Year, and Japanese foundation sire who appears in the pedigrees of so many champions raised on Hokkaido as サンデーサイレンス. On the grounds of the horse park is a lifesized statue of Yoshida – wearing his signature hat – patting his Northern Dancer stallion Northern Taste, whom he purchased for $100,000 at the 1972 Saratoga yearling sale. Northern Taste won the Group 1 Prix de la Foret before retiring to Shadai Stallion Station, where there is another full-scale statue, this one of Yoshida sitting back and relaxing with his hat pushed back on his head, serenely surveying a grassy area beside one of the barns in the stallion complex. It is an image of a man completely at peace with his world. Sadly, Zenya Yoshida never got to see the breedshaping achievements of Sunday Silence, whose oldest foals were yearlings when he passed away in December of 1993. Son Katsumi began operating as Northern Farm in 1994. The nursery that consistently produces some of the best racehorses seen in Japan and, increasingly, the world, is spread out over 900 or so hectares (more than 2,200 acres) of prime, impeccably maintained land. Its immensity prompts blacksmith and Irish transplant Nathy Kelly, who has worked at the farm for more than four years and is married with family to a woman from Japan, to joke, “We

A statue of Zenya Yoshida and Northern Taste at Northern Horse Park

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find barns we didn’t know were there. ‘Oh, is this a new barn?’ ‘No, it’s been here ten years!’” The mares, and the pedigrees of the foals and yearlings, encountered at each of these barns are a pantheon of international equine stars. Three female Horses of the Year – Azeri (US), Buena Vista (Japan), and Night Magic (Germany) – will one day be joined in the paddocks by reigning Japanese Horse of the Year Gentildonna, a Northern Farm homebred racing for Sunday Racing Co. and whose dam, Donna Blini, was purchased by Katsumi Yoshida at the end of her three-year-old season for 500,000 guineas at Tattersalls a year after she had won England’s Group 1 Cheveley Park Stud Stakes. For now, Donna Blini can lay claim as queen of the producers, but Azeri remains in the spotlight: At the 2013 Japan Racing Horse Association (JRHA) Select Sale of yearlings and foals on July 8-9, her suckling colt by Deep Impact was the most sought after individual, selling to Desk Valet Co. Ltd. for ¥240 million (about £1.6 million/€1.86 million). The select sale, first held in 1998, has a distinctively local flair. Shunsuke Yoshida, Katsumi’s son, says, “Selling horses privately as a foal or weanling is a Japanese custom. My father started the select sales and wanted to fit the European way to the Japanese style.” The yearling sale is more standard to other countries, but payment for the foals is unique: half the sales price is due in July, and the other half in March. Foals from the Northern consignment return to the farm, where they remain until the following March 31st, and the new owner does


Above: The view of Northern Farm from the 26-foot tall deck at Northern Horse Park Right: Champion sprinter and miler Kinshasa No Kiseki goes into his barn at Shadai Stallion Station

not get bills, regardless of injury or illness while under the farm’s care. That breeders should bear all of the financial responsibility for these foals is a personal decision, and not a condition of the JRHA sale. “It’s the seller’s responsibility,” shrugs Shunsuke. Another custom is selling the first and last hips of each session, all four of which were consigned by Northern Farm this year, without reserve as a gesture of goodwill. Overall, at this year’s JRHA sale, Northern Farm sold seven of the top eleven highestpriced yearlings – including the top two, Deep Impact colts out of US Graded stakes winners Shes All Eltish and Persistently for ¥180 million (£1.2 million/€1.395 million) and ¥170 million (£1.13 million/€1.3 million) respectively – and six of the top ten foals, led by the Azeri colt and a D eep Impact colt out of Argentine Group 1 winner Malpensa for ¥230 million (£1.5 million / €1.78 million). Some four hundred foals are born on the farm per year. Shunsuke Yoshida says, “We want to sell most of the foals and yearlings, if they are good to sell. But if we have progeny of Buena Vista or Gentildonna, they’ll go to Sunday Racing. If we have one from Cesario, he or she goes to Carrot Club,” – ref erring to the two Northern Farm partnerships for which

those mares raced or, as with Gentildonna, currently race. Shunsuke says, “My grandfather would be surprised at how big the farm is. When my father took a piece of his farm (in 1994), we had about 120 broodmares. Now we have more than 550.” The property has grown three or four times in size as well and is considerably self-sufficient, although hay is imported from the US and Canada. A fourth-generation hors eman, Shunsuke Yoshida’s earliest memory of racing was of a big success for the family. “My grandfather,” he says, “had a horse called Amber Shadai and he won

the (1981 Grade 1) Arima Kinen Grand Prix. My parents and my grandparents went to the races (at Nakayama Racecourse in Honshu). I stayed in Hokkaido. As soon as Amber Shadai won people kept calling my house. I was six or seven but I kept taking the phone calls, I kept saying, ‘Thank you very much!’ We didn’t win big races often, only once a year or once every two or three years, so the win in the Arima Kinen was a big thing.” He remembers, too, that his grandfather was “was very excited to have Sunday Silence.” Did Zenya Yoshida think when the son of Halo arrived in Japan in 1990 that he was going to be

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BUSINESS as consequential as he turned out to be? “Not really, no,” Shunsuke laughs. “At that time we had Northern Taste, who was very successful, but he was the only successful sire for us. My grandfather and my father and his brothers kept buying the stallions but they were never successful. The good thing about my grandfather is he kept trying!” Now, sons and grandsons of Sunday Silence, who Shunsuke calls the “backbone” of their farm, dominate the Japanese sire ranks, with so much saturation that in recent years Shadai Stallion Station has imported War Emblem (by Our Emblem), who turned out to be a notoriously shy breeder; Harbinger (Dansili); and Workforce (King’s Best), and the Yoshidas continue to spend money on high-end North American, Australian, and European broodmares or broodmare prospects. “We need good stallions for our Sunday Silence mares, so we keep buying stallions.” So far, sons of Kingmambo have been a natural fit for Sunday Silence-line mares: King Kamehameha has seven Graded stakes winners bred on the cross, while El Condor Pasa, who died young, got multiple Grade 1 winner Vermilion, who is one of four Kingmambo-line horses at Shadai Stallion Station. King Kamehameha’s Grade 1-winning son Rulership bred a lot of mares tracing to Sunday Silence blood in this, his first season. Kentucky Derby winner War Emblem – who is in isolation and not persevered with in the breeding shed anymore – might have been another to work well with Sunday Silence; among his 121 registered foals were a total of seven stakes winners, two of which, including Group 3 winner King’s Emblem, had dams by Sunday Silence. The logistics of breeding hundreds of mares a year from Northern Farm can get a little tricky,

“We need good stallions for our Sunday Silence mares, so we keep buying stallions” Shunsuke Yoshida (pictured)

so mating decisions are often made by checking to see which stallions are available the day a mare needs to be covered and what other mares also need to get in. “Maybe we decide this one broodmare is very important so she’s going to Deep Impact. Really, it’s like so,” explains Shunsuke. Most of the better racemares and/or producers, such as Gentildonna’s dam Donna Blini and Azeri, did visit Deep Impact’s book again this year, though as the sire of Orfevre and 2013 Grade 1 winners Fenomeno and Gold Ship, Stay Gold (by Sunday Silence), located at Big Red Farm, got a few of the farm’s nice mares as well, such as Frizette Stakes-G1 winner Sky Diva, whose 2012 Deep Impact colt topped that year’s select sale foal session. Katsumi Yoshida’s name appears on the docket at major breeding stock and other sales in the US, Australia, and Europe on a regular basis. Imported horses fly into Narita and spend three weeks in quarantine before taking the ferry to Hokkaido. From the time they leave quarantine until they arrive at Northern Farm, it’s about a 20-hour journey. Import taxes are roughly £35,000, or €50,000, per horse. The inspection team at Keeneland and FasigTipton is headed by Shunsuke, who goes with his “first impression” when he’s looking at a potential purchase. Acquisitions from last year’s sales include Zazu ($2.1 million) and Tapitsfly ($1.85 million), who, like Azeri, are in foal to Deep Impact. Shunsuke Yoshida, a father of two with a quick sense of humor and who is well-spoken in English, studied economics at Keio University in Tokyo, although the former Japanese Junior show jumping champion admits, “Show jumping came first – no study, only show jumping!” He gained work experience outside of Japan with broodmares at Three Chimneys, yearlings at Lane’s End, and

Carrot Club's 2011 champion two-year-old Alfredo after training on the indoor gallop at Kuko

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Shoes forged by hand by the farm’s two champion farriers

two-year-olds with Niall Brennan, from the end of 1998 to the spring of 2000, and visited the winner’s circle at Churchill Downs when Fusaichi Pegasus, in whom his family had purchased an interest at two, won the Kentucky Derby. When he’s not travelling for races or to check in on horses at one of two of Northern Farm’s training centres, Shigaraki in Shiga and Tenei in Fukushima – both on Honshu – he spends mornings focused on the horses in pre-training, often joined by Katsumi. “He loves to watch the horses training!” Shunsuke says. On-site facilities include a massive pre-training and lay-up operation with two covered uphill gallop courses – 900-metre Kuko and 800-metre Hayakita – on a deep bed of top-quality Hokkaido wood chips. Even in mid-summer, the arrows on the road to help keep drivers on snowcovered roads serve as reminders of the extremely harsh winters in Hokkaido. It is not hard to imagine how the covered gallops, which have tall curved metal roofs with skylights, make the conditions bearable for horses and riders throughout the year. “It works quite good. It was a good idea!” says Shunsuke Yoshida. Nathy Kelly agrees: “We call them the eighth wonder of the world.” There are subtle differences to the courses, with Hayakita having a steeper grade but with more spring in the footing and slightly less taxing than Kuko, in the opinion of farm vet Dr Hirofumi Kawasaki. Besides the two main gallops, there are also an outdoor 800-metre wood chip gallop and a 600-metre indoor canter at Hayakita, an outdoor 1,000-metre dirt course at Kuko, and more than 15 treadmills between both. The foyer a t Kuko, where Shunsuke spends most of his mornings, serves as a reminder of traditional Japanese culture, with worn shoes neatly piled around on the floor and in a corner, a rack of slippers for people to change into before entering the main room. Training equipment, however, is high-tech. Horses wear heart monitors and computer chips, and their lactate levels are monitored regularly. The covered gallops have cameras located throughout, streaming live feed to six televisions in a viewing room at the steep end of each track, where riders, who get on three or four mounts per day, check their time on an outdoor screen. Footage of the works is kept for three months. Sixteen

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BUSINESS barn managers – ten at Kuko and six at Hayakita – each oversee a group of 30-60 horses each. Yuya Takami, for instance, is in charge of C-1 (“one” is “ichi” in Japanese), and his graduates include 2011 Triple Crown winner Orfevre, who was not bred at Northern but was broken there and races for Sunday Racing; successful young US-based sire Hat Trick, a Group 1 winner in Hong Kong for Carrot Club; and three Grade 1 winners still in training – Curren Black Hill (NHK Mile Cup), Fenomeno (Tenno Sho-Spring), and Real Impact (Yasuda Kinen) – all of whom are currently back in his barn for some R&R. The young horses are exercised on the wood chip gallops, as it is thought that the all weather surface is too fast for two-year-olds at this stage. Kawasaki reminds that “this is only a training centre,” adding that fifteen seconds per furlong is the ideal for their juveniles before they are shipped off to one of 90 trainers employed by the various racing partnerships managed by Northern Farm. Four hundred-plus head receive their early lessons on these grounds annually. The last three Japanese Horses of the Year – Gentildonna (Kuko), Orfevre (Kuko), and Buena Vista (Hayakita) – got their early starts at these pretraining stables. Deep Impact, Japan’s 2005 and 2006 Horse of the Year and currently the hottest horse in the country, was also put through his paces at Hayakita prior to going to trainer Yasuo Ikee, whose son Yasutoshi trains Orfevre. Shunsuke Yoshida takes pride in their educational program. “Before we send the horses to trainers, we make them practice, we educate them. They need to stand still in the stalls, but we don’t force them to go out quickly here. We just get them to have experience. To make them dash from the barrier, I think it’s a jockey’s job. If you feel that in Japan loading

“Before we send the horses to trainers, we make them practice, we educate them. They need to stand still in the stalls, but we don’t force them to go out quickly here” Shunsuke Yoshida horses in the barrier is very quick,” – and it is – “I think it’s our mentality: We can’t wait. I feel that too. When I go to races in other countries, it feels very slow. ‘Please load!’ I know the mentality here is different, so I understand they can be slow. When you’re getting aboard a Japanese airline, you feel it, too.” The racing syndicates managed by Northern Farm also fall under Shunsuke’s purview. In what is surely an understatement, he says, “I do many small things.” The syndicates are very popular. “Last Monday was the (syndicate) deadline. Most of the yearlings already sold – we sell 40 shares in each horse – but some yearlings have more than 200 people wanting to be in on them, so we needed to have a lottery. Because some people have a longer relationship with us, we give them seniority, but ten out of the 40 are lottery, and then new people with us can have a share.” Just one very lucky partner owns a share in Triple Crown winners Orfevre and Gentildonna. A number of the 600 Northern Farm employees – this figure includes part-time help – are tasked with keeping syndicate members

Hollywood Park's American Oaks-G1 winner Cesario being led in from the field

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aware of what is going on with their horses. Owners can log on to a website and get updates every three or four days on the horses actively in training, and they frequently come to the farm to look at their horses at Kuko and Hayakita. Horseracing is popular in Japan, but compared to 15 or 20 years ago, it’s less so, Shunsuke opines, citing the Internet and mobile phones as distractions that cut into free time. Also, he suggests, “Maybe many people wait to get into horses. They keep working until they turn 60, working hard and never looking around, and suddenly when they don’t have to go to the company and they want something to do,” they turn to horseracing. He would like to see more young people at the track. “Sometimes people of a younger age never understand what older people are thinking about.” It costs roughly ¥600,000 (£4,000/€4,650) per month to keep a horse in training with JRA trainers – JRA being the top tier racecourses in the country. Prize money is strong, which for horses that are pulling their weight offsets the high training fees so that “not so many people want to sell,” explains Shunsuke. “My mother owns Jaguar Mail,” a Grade 1 winner who remains in training at age seven. “He ran second in (the Hong Kong Vase-G1) twice. When he was three or four, people wanted to buy him but we knew he was going to be a Group stakes performer.” Japan has gradually been opening up races and granting ownership licenses to citizens of other countries. Shunsuke Yoshida would like to see more foreigners licensed, as well as locally bred horses participating internationally. “I want to make many people know about Japanese racing,” he says. “I’m kind of proud of Japanese racing and how JRA (Japanese Racing Association) is organised. I want people to


Grooms in C-1 barn manager Yuya Takami's block at the Kuko division polish Sunday Racing's 2013 Tenno Sho-G1 winner Fenomeno for a viewing

know Japanese racing and the quality of the horses and horseracing.” Many employees of Northern Farm live on the premises and make use of one of the meal plan options at the full-service dining hall. Staff on the Hokkaido properties includes six vets and eight full-time blacksmiths, two of the latter being Japanese champion shoemakers. “Quite amazing,” says Kelly, showing a thick metal bar that these men can fashion into a perfect Japanese-style horseshoe at a rate of two in 25 minutes. The farm brings podiatry expert Dr. Scott Morrison from Rood & Riddle in Kentucky to look at their stock two or three times a year. Vets and blacksmiths keep a close eye on conformation as well, performing corrective surgery, says Kelly, if it will help the horse. “There’s no stone unturned here. If they

need it, they get it.” Another system that works well is that radiographs are available for viewing within minutes in offices across the farm within minutes after being processed. Hirofumi Kawasaki stresses what he believes is the crucial factor in Northern Farm’s success: “We have many good pedigreed mares and stallions, but I think the most important thing – it’s very, very important – is the human aspect, and staff and veterinary education. Katsumi thinks so, too. Next come pedigree and the facility. A horse could have a very good pedigree but if the people aren’t good he won’t learn the important things right.” A veterinarian for ten years, Kawasaki’s only employment since obtaining his license has been here at the farm. “For many people,” he says, “this is their first job and they never leave.

All the staff loves Katsumi. I love it here. This is very, very important, too.” What would Shunsuke Yoshida like for the future of Northern Farm? “Basically that we keep going this way.” But for a culture driven by efficiency and perfection, don’t think that means that they’re satisfied with maintaining the status quo: “We change. We find we need to change every year, every month,” Shunsuke adds. That statue at Shadai Stallion Station of a contented Zenya Yoshida suggests that the great man knew his dream would be in good hands. Each success attached to the hallowed grounds of Northern Farm pays tribute to him, who had a vision for Japanese racing – a vision that his son Katsumi and grandson Shunsuke continue to advance to heights that not even Zenya may have believed possible. n

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Rise of the Japanese-bred racehorse abroad

Shadai Stallion Station resident Heart’s Cry earned a trip to the winner’s circle in the 2006 Dubai Sheema Classic

ZENYA YOSHIDA had a great eye for picking out quality thoroughbreds. He proved this internationally, with 1975 champion threeyear-old colt Wajima in the US; Group 1 winners Northern Taste in 1974 and Jade Robbery in 1989 and 1982 Group 2 winner Real Shadai in France; and Lassalle, who pulled off the Ascot Gold Cup-G1 and Prix du Cadran-G1 double in 1973. Yoshida had spearheaded the East-West Stable syndicate that purchased Wajima as a yearling in 1973 for $600,000, a record price at the time and remarkable in that only two bids were placed on the colt in the sale ring. In his championship season, Wajima won four Grade 1 races: the Marlboro Cup over 19741976 Horse of the Year Forego, the Travers, Monmouth Invitational, and the Governor Stakes. But none of these racehorses were bred in Japan. The first horse to carry a (Jpn) suffix and score a black type win in North America or Europe was Hakuchikara, Japan’s 1957 Horse of the Year and winner of the Washington’s Birthday Handicap at Santa Anita in 1959. Multiple Group 2 French stakes winner Limnos, a Northern Farm-foaled homebred for Stavros Niarchos, was the first Graded or Group stakes winner, earning that distinction in 1998. In 1989, Zenya Yoshida told a reporter that,

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“Ultimately we want to win the Kentucky Derby and Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe.” While a Japanese-bred has yet to do either, Japanese businessman Fusao Sekiguchi’s Kentucky-bred Fusaichi Pegasus wore the garland of roses after the 2000 Kentucky Derby. Yoshida’s sons bought into that colt late in his juvenile season, so they have won a Derby, although not in their silks or stable name.

Queen Elizabeth II Cup-G1 winner Rulership at Shadai Stallion Station

A horse bred in Japan and owned by a Northern Farm entity is unlikely to contest the American or European Classics any time soon. Yoshida’s grandson Shunsuke Yoshida says that the logistics of travelling from Japan make it difficult on three-year-old horses. “My opinion’s changing every year. Two years ago we sent Grand Prix Boss to [the St. James’s Palace Stakes at] Royal Ascot and last year we sent Deep Brillante to the King George, and it was a bit difficult to maintain their condition. Maybe if we had more experience of sending a horse abroad I’d have a different opinion.” Neither Grand Prix Boss, who was already a two-time Grade 1 winner, nor Tokyo YushunJapanese Derby-G1 winner Deep Brillante did well in their respective races abroad. As to the other half of Zenya Yoshida’s goal, British-bred White Muzzle nearly pulled it off under his silks in 1993, finishing second by a neck in the Arc to Urban Sea. The Germanbred and -trained filly Danedream won the 2011 running of France’s flagship event after son Teruya of Shadai Farm (not to be confused with Shadai Stallion Station, which is owned by all three of Zenya’s sons) had bought into her; as with Fusaichi Pegasus, she raced in her original owner’s colors. American-bred, Japanese-based Grand Prix du Jockey Club-G1 winner El Condor Pasa, who was later a stallion at Shadai Stallion Station, was second in the Arc to Montjeu in 1999.

GROWING JAPAN But the Japanese breeding program has come close in the Arc. Agonizingly close. Sunday Racing Co.’s quirky Triple Crown winner Orfevre looked home free in 2012 before Solemia pipped him by a neck at the wire. Nakayama Festa was a head behind Workforce in second place, four years after Deep Impact was disqualified from a thirdplace effort. Perhaps Japan will get a coveted Arc this year. As of July, plans call for 2011 Prix FoyG2 winner Orfevre to ship to France in August for another tilt at the Arc in October. He is expected to be joined in the Arc by the threeyear-old Deep Impact colt Kizuna, who has the Tokyo Yushun-Japanese Derby-G1 on his CV. One celebrated local horse, Symboli Farms’ 1984 Japanese Triple Crown winner Symboli Rudolf, nicknamed “The Emperor,” was sent to trainer Ron McAnally in California in early 1986. Making one start, he was injured and retired to stud in Japan after running sixth in the San Luis Rey Stakes-G1. Japan’s later efforts to succeed in Graded/Group stakes races have proven more successful. From few attempts, Japanese-bred horses have won important races in the UAE, Australia, the US, France, Hong Kong, and Singapore. Shadai Stallion Station residents Heart’s Cry earned trips to the winner’s circle in the 2006 Dubai Sheema Classic; Admire Moon in the 2007 Dubai Duty Free-G1; and Victoire Pisa in the 2011 Dubai World CupG1, ten years after the Japanese mare To the Victory was second in that race. A nose separated Northern Farm-breds Delta Blues and Pop Rock in the 2006 running of Australia’s most famous race, the Melbourne Cup-G1, while the 2005 American Oaks-G1 fell to Cesario, a year after Dance in the Mood was runner-up to Ticker Tape (now a broodmare at Northern Farm, as is Cesario) in that event. Dance in the Mood returned to Hollywood Park in 2006 to win the Grade 3 CashCall Invitational. In Hong Kong, Stay Gold, a Grade 2 winner in Dubai, won the 2001 Hong Kong Vase-G1; Hat Trick the 2005 Hong Kong Mile-G1; Lord Kanaloa the Hong Kong Sprint-G1; Rulership the 2012 Queen Elizabeth II Cup-G1. The Singapore Airlines International Cup-G1 fell to Cosmo Bulk in 2006 and Shadow Gate in 2007. It bears noting that Sunday Silence was the sire or grandsire of nearly all of the Japanesebred horses – bar Symboli Rudolf, Lord Kanaloa, Rulership, and Cosmo Bulk – named directly above. That illustrious sire has only a handful of Northern Hemisphere-season based sons at stud outside of Japan, but two of them – Divine Light, who was initially in France before moving to Turkey, and Hat Trick, now at Gainesway Farm in Kentucky – sired European juvenile champions. Divine Light’s Natagora’s Group 1 wins came in the Cheveley Park Stud Stakes at two and the 1,000 Guineas at three. Dabirsim, by Hat Trick, was undefeated at two, led by victories in the Prix

22-year-old retired broodmare Wind in Her Hair, the Group 1-winning dam of Triple Crown winner Deep Impact, now acts as a nanny to weanling and yearling fillies

Morny and the Prix Jean-Luc Lagardere-Grand Criterium. Although foaled in the United Kingdom, Wildenstein Stables’ 2012 Poule d’Essai des Pouliches-French 1,000 Guineas-G1 winner Beauty Parlour, by Deep Impact, was another triumph for Japan.

Making an Impact For the immediate future, Deep Impact, Sunday Silence’s equivalent of Galileo to

Sadler’s Wells, promises to be the biggest progenitor of Japanese-bred suffixes across the world. Foaled at Katsumi Yoshida’s Northern Farm on March 25, 2002 – five months before Sunday Silence died from laminitis – Deep Impact was a member of his sire’s penultimate crop. His dam, Irish-bred Wind in Her Hair (by Alzao), placed second in the Epsom OaksG1 and Yorkshire Oaks-G1, then was highweighted from 11-14 furlongs at four in Germany having won the Group 1 Aral-Pokal. Wind in Her Hair had produced US Grade 3 stakes winner Veil of Avalon prior to Deep Impact selling for ¥70 million (£383,000 / €598,000), just out of the top ten, as a foal in the Japan Racing Horse Association (JRHA) Select Sale. Racing for Kaneko Makoto Holdings Co. and trained by Yasuo Ikee, Deep Impact debuted in December at two and won his first seven starts, including the Japanese Triple Crown: Satsuki Sho-Japanese 2,000 Guineas, Tokyo Yushun, and Kikuka Sho-Japanese St. Leger, over 2000 metres, 2400 metres, and 3000 metres, respectively. He met his first defeat, a second in the Arima Kinen in December, in his eighth start but had done enough to be named Horse of the Year and champion three-year-old colt. Deep Impact resumed his winning ways at

Deep Impact, twice Japanese Horse of the Year, is also the country’s leading stallion

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Yukichan (right), whose dam is also white, is a three-time stakes winner in Japan and the only known white thoroughbred stakes winner. Her second foal, this daughter of Harbinger, is white, too

four, going three-of-three in his first Japanese starts – the Hanshin Daishoten-G2, the Tenno Sho (Spring) over 3200 metres, and the Grade 1 Takarazuka Kinen – before Rail Link and Pride finished ahead of him in the 2006 Arc. He was later disqualified. He made his final two starts in Japan, winning the Japan Cup-G1 and the Arima Kinen (Grand Prix). Deep Impact repeated as Japanese Horse of the Year and was champion older horse. He retired to Shadai Stallion Station with a record of 12 wins and one second in 14 starts from about 10 to 16 furlongs, earning ¥1,454,551,000 – the equivalent of £9.8 million, or €11 million. Although in Japan Deep Impact won seven Grade 1s and three Grade 2s, International Cataloguing Standards didn’t at the time classify those races as Graded/Group, so outside of his home country he is only credited with three Graded stakes victories.

Northern Horse Park

IN 1989, Zenya Yoshida made big news by offering the session-topping bid of $2.8 million on the last yearling by Northern Dancer to sell at auction, one of two foals from that sire’s last crop. Yoshida named the colt – a son of European champion Mrs. Penny – Northern Park to mark the opening of his Northern Horse Park in Hokkaido, Japan. Northern Park, the horse, was a Listed stakes winner in France, and he became a modest sire in the US and Europe. But Northern Horse Park, now operated by Zenya’s son Katsumi, flourishes nearly 25

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years on as yet another resounding success from the drawing board of Zenya Yoshida. The 50-hectare (123-acre) park in Tomakomai abuts Katsumi’s Northern Farm’s Kuko division. A sign in the horse gallery on the grounds states: “Zenya Yoshida had wished that many people would come in contact with horses. For this purpose, he opened Northern Horse Park in 1989. And this gallery was established to give visitors information about thoroughbreds and horseracing.” Also, “We hope every visitor will get to know of Northern Taste [and] great horseman Zenya Yoshida.”

Displays in the gallery are primarily in Japanese, although you can get a sense of history from the photos, trophies, race sashes, and other priceless racing relics without being able to read in that language. Outside, from minis to drafts, horses are everywhere. Thirty-two-year-old quarter horse Brown (who is a chesnut) is the elder statesman, and he looks quite well for his advanced age. He is one of many horses and ponies that fans can get close enough to pet in their stalls or paddocks. Activities include a carriage ride (or, in the wintertime, a sleigh ride) and a five-minute circuit on horseback

GROWING JAPAN With his initial two crops of racing age, Deep Impact catapulted to the number three spot on the leading sires’ table, and as leading sire in 2012 and to date in 2013, he hasn’t looked back. Through mid-July, he has sired nine Grade/Group 1 winners, seven Grade 2 winners, and 13 Grade/Group 3 winners. Deep Impact’s fillies have dominated the Oka Sho-Japanese 1,000 Guineas-G1 (Marcellina, Gentildonna, Ayusan), and his sons have won two editions of the Tokyo Yushun (Deep Brillante, Kizuna), all with just three crops of sophomores. Gentildonna was 2012 Horse of the Year after becoming the fourth filly to sweep the Filly Triple Crown, comprised of the Oka Sho, Yushun Himba-Japanese Oaks, and Shuka Sho, all Grade 1s. Her most thrilling race was arguably the 2012 Japan Cup, in which she survived an inquiry to defeat 2011 Horse of

the Year and fellow Triple Crown winner Orfevre – by Sunday Silence son Stay Gold – by a nose, with jockeys of the first three home – King Kamehameha’s son Rulership was third – wearing the silks of Sunday Racing Co. “We had Orfevre, too, so we didn’t have to send Gentildonna to the Japan Cup, but we wanted to and it was an exciting race,” says Shunsuke Yoshida of the show of sportsmanship in running both of their stars. Gentildonna has yet to resume her winning ways this season, but ran a solid second to St Nicholas Abbey in the Dubai Sheema ClassicG1 and was third to Gold Ship most recently in the Takarazuka Kinen-G1, in which another Deep Impact, Danon Ballade, ran second. Not surprisingly, Deep Impact has reigned as the most in-demand sire at the JRHA select sales. This year, his progeny averaged ¥90,666,667 (£604,970/€703,005) for

around a pretty area on a lead-rein, mostly for children though the occasional adult is spotted enjoying their first time on a horse. The “Happy” show features a miniature pony performing tricks for an audience…and for carrots. The routine is directed and narrated in Japanese by the bubbly, enthusiastic Hisa Sato, and occasionally the show is closed by Katsumi Yoshida’s 12-yearold off-track thoroughbred Delta Blues, who raced for Sunday Racing Co., jumping fences under English tack and standing for photos with the crowd. The grandson of Sunday Silence won the 2004 Kikka Sho-Japanese St. Leger-G1 and the 2006 Melbourne Cup-G1. Locals and tourists, most of them from Japan, also go to the horse park to play golf, miniature golf, tennis, half-court basketball, or to go cycling, snowmobiling in winter, and many other outdoor activities. A free shuttle bus from New Chitose Airport to the park runs every hour on the hour up to seven times a day, depending on the season. Two restaurants include excellent fare served on plates with Northern Taste’s likeness at K’s Garden (the “K” is for Katsumi Yoshida’s wife Kazumi), where full-length windows face the garden and a waterfall

Activities at the park include a carriage ride (above left) while visitors can get up close to the horses such as Melbourne Cup winner Delta Blues (above right) and also enjoy a show with a minature pony performing tricks

yearlings and ¥95,375,000 (£636,385/ €739,513), providing a healthy return on his ¥15 million (£100,000/€116,000) covering fee. He had four of the top five yearlings and seven of the top ten foals. Ecurie Wildenstein, as Dayton Investments Limited, has reaped the benefits of breeding to Sunday Silence’s heir apparent: in addition to French Classic winner Beauty Parlour, the stable’s 2012 French Group 3 winner Aquamarine is a five-year-old Japanese-bred daughter of Deep Impact. Other prominent international breeders, such as the Niarchos family, also have some up-and-coming homebred stock by Deep Impact. With more and more foreign breeders patronizing the services of Deep Impact and other sires, it is only a matter of time before “(Jpn)” attached to the name of important race winners worldwide is commonplace. n

constructed of volcanic rocks from Mt Usu, which last erupted in 2000. The stunning garden features a brook and Hokkaido flowers, plants, and trees around a 1kilometre path. The 8-metre high viewing deck, looking out over horses turned out in scenic pastures on Northern Farm, is a highlight of the facility. People can also tour Shadai Stallion Station, a 15-minute bus ride away in Hayakita Genbu, and observe the stallions in their paddocks from stands set up along the fence. Deep Impact and his Japanese Derbywinning son Deep Brillante occupy two of the paddocks closest to the decks. Even on rainy days, people gather here to see the stallions. Through Northern Horse Park, Zenya Yoshida ensured that his wish to bring people and horses together became reality, a legacy carried on with devotion by his son Katsumi.

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ORE recently, researchers have turned their attention to feeding behaviour and the results of these studies are helping horse owners to feed their animals in a more natural manner, while meeting nutrient requirements and minimising performance-crippling digestive and metabolic disorders. This article discusses the advantages and practicalities of feeding fibre-based diets to racehorses.

Problems with high-cereal diets There is now clear evidence to show that feeding high levels of cereal-based concentrates predisposes horses to gastric ulcers, colic, laminitis, and set-fast (azoturia), all of which have serious negative impacts on performance. The incidence of gastric ulcers in racehorses is greater than 90%, which presents the industry with major costs in terms of veterinary fees, expensive supplements, and lost training days. Moreover, by mealfeeding high-cereal diets, the amount of time a stabled horse spends eating is severely restricted and this can encourage the development of stereotypic behaviours such as weaving and crib-biting. When horses perform stereotypies they release endorphins (dopamine) from the brain. These endorphins are addictive and

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Feeding fibre to racehorses Traditionally, racehorses have been fed high-concentrate lowforage diets. Twenty years ago cereal-rich diets seemed to be the best way to get sufficient energy and protein into performance horses, as the only fibre feed readily available was hay – and much of that was of poor quality. However, the last two decades have seen a big increase in equine nutrition research and this has improved our knowledge of digestive physiology and encouraged feed companies to develop a range of feeds that cater for all activities. WORDS: MeRial MOORe-COlyeR PHOTOS: SHUTTeRSTOCK


are now thought to be a ‘coping mechanism’ in response to a stressful situation. Recent work has found a clear relationship between gastric ulcers, crib-biting, and meal feeding cereal-based diets to horses. While there is little evidence to show that stereotypic behaviours actually impair performance, they are an indication that the horse finds its environment unacceptable, and this is a serious welfare issue.

A new generation of feeds Happily alongside the research into the negative effects of feeding cereals to horses, scientists have investigated ways of supplying more energy and protein using novel ingredients, many of them by-products of the human food industry. Many of these feeds are fibre-based, as research has shown that gut health and general wellbeing is facilitated by feeding horses what they have evolved to eat i.e., fibre. While not advocating that all racehorses should be fed fibre-only diets – as those doing predominantly sprint work will need to have some cereals to replenish muscle glycogen stores – most racehorses would benefit from having a large proportion of their cereal feed replaced with high-quality fibre feeds. Feeds containing sugar beet pulp, alfalfa, chopped grass, citrus pulp, or soya hulls are all useful substitutes for cereals. Many of

these high-fibre mixes, nuts, and chops have energy and protein contents similar to cereals and so supply equal levels of nutrients to a traditional ‘hard-feed.’ Because these are fibre-based feeds they are digested in the hindgut, producing short chain fatty acids (acetate, propionate, and butyrate) that are readily metabolised to energy.

“Recent work has found a clear relationship between gastric ulcers, crib-biting, and meal feeding cereal-based diets to horses.” Evidence to support feeding fibre to racehorses Recent work by Swedish researchers Jansson and Lindberg (2012) has shown that racehorses fed all-forage diets had similar performance levels but lower blood lactate and higher venous pH post-exercise than those fed a cereal and forage diet. These measurements indicated that the horses were able to perform more aerobically, which increased time to fatigue and reduced

stress and recovery time. Giving horses bicarbonate (milkshake) has been a common practice in the racing industry to counteract the effects of acidosis induced by intensive exercise. The raising of venous pH on the all-fibre diets fed in this study showed that this effect can be achieved naturally by feeding fibre. While no digestive parameters were measured here, other studies have shown that fibre reduces gastric ulcers, so there are several welldocumented reasons to increase the fibre in racehorse diets. Fibre feeds naturally have better mineral, vitamin, and electrolyte profiles than cereals and in a form that is readily available, so the horse can utilise these micronutrients more efficiently than those in cereals. Mineral imbalances can cause bone, muscle, and nerve problems while electrolyte loss is a major cause of fatigue, so a natural source of these nutrients presented in a palatable form is highly desirable.

Energy demands Those racehorses galloping over longer distances have higher total energy demands than those doing short sprints. Short, very fast races (world record at 70km/h) are mostly run anaerobically and for this the horse uses glucose and muscle glycogen as fuel. However, a high proportion of racehorses run longer distances and like all other athletes they use a combination of

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NUTRITION anaerobic and aerobic energy. As the research above indicated, feeding a substrate such as fibre that is metabolised aerobically can increase the time to fatigue and allow the horse to gallop for longer. If you are concerned that a fibre-only diet is not supplying enough total energy to the horse then adding oil can be a really useful way of getting a little bit more energy in without increasing cereals. Oil is also a better substrate for those doing extended work at it is metabolised to energy aerobically and so provides more ATP (adenosine triphosphate, the body’s form of energy) than when glucose is used as the energy substrate. A lot of research has been done on the benefits of feeding fat to horses. Fat is very efficiently digested and is broken down to energy-dense long-chain fatty acids and glycerol. Glycerol is processed in the liver to glucose, so fat can help to replenish muscle glycogen stores. When fed fat for three weeks the horse is conditioned to preferentially use fat as an energy source instead of glycogen. This glycogensparing effect is energetically very useful as it means that the horse is getting the maximum amount of energy from its food as it is being m e t ab o l i s e d aerobically, and ‘saving’ the glycogen for fast work. Glycogen depletion is the major cause of fatigue in horses, so if the animal can fuel its work from another source, it can work for longer. Fat can be added to the diets up to a maximum of 1g/kg bodyweight/day = (500g for a 500kg horse); greater amounts can interfere with hindgut fermentation and is not recommended.

“A lot of research has been done on the benefits of feeding fat to horses. Fat is very efficiently digested and is broken down to energy-dense long-chain fatty acids and glycerol”

sufficient amounts to ensure that muscle glycogen levels are kept in reserve for more strenuous fast-work.

Non-working time

Feeding long fibre (Forage)

Many horse owners forget that horses spend most of their time in maintenance and lowlevel activity, i.e., eating, resting, and walking to and from the gallops, all of which use aerobic energy. To fuel this activity the horse should be using fibre and fat, so feed these in

If given the chance horses will eat for approximately 16 hours per day. This eating pattern evolved when grazing on rough lownutrient dense grass, which is a world away from what our horses are fed now. The problem is this innate behaviour is very strong

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and if not satisfied a horse can rapidly develop the digestive disorders and behavioural problems mentioned above. Fit thoroughbreds can be a bit ‘wired’ at the best of times, so giving them something to do while in the stable will help them relax. However, all too often forage is regarded as something for the horse to do in the stable and not really seen as a food source. The two most commonly fed long fibres in the UK are hay and haylage. There are advantages and disadvantages to both, but whatever you choose to feed, offer the best quality forage possible so that it makes a valuable contribution to the nutrient content of the diet. Young leafy forages have better energy and protein levels than stemmy mature hays. The availability of protein can be an issue with forage, as much of it is cellwall bound and therefore not available to the horse. However, if you are feeding highfibre nuts, mixes, or chop – particularly those containing chopped alfalfa, dried grass, or clover – then your horse will be receiving adequate available protein. Haylage is generally of higher nutrient quality than hay because it is cut at an earlier stage of growth, so it has a higher proportion of leaf to stem. However, it must be well made to be suitable to be fed to horses. Haylage needs to drop to pH 5.4 to ensure a good fermentation and prevent fungal and bacteria growth. In wellfermented haylage, the water-soluble carbohydrates are converted to lactic acid, which preserves the haylage. The lactic acid is readily metabolized in the body to energy. Drier haylage is preserved by excluding air by wrapping; however, once opened this forage quickly deteriorates. Well-made leafy hay can be equal to haylage in nutrient quality but hay like this is hard to get in the UK. Commonly, hay is made when the grass is flowering, and this drops the nutrient content considerably. Furthermore, hay needs to be a minimum of 85% dry matter to prevent mould growth during storage. Even good quality hay contains

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NUTRITION acidic forage is unwise. Drier haylage has a higher pH but is more susceptible to bacteria and mould contamination once opened, and this can pose a serious health threat to your horse. In such circumstances it is probably best to choose high-quality hay. Grass species is less important than stage of growth, so any seed or meadow hay that has been wellconserved and has a high proportion of leaf to stem is best. Hay is still the most common forage offered to performance horses in the UK. Even well-made hay contains significant levels of dust, which can cause respiratory disorders. Soaking is the traditional method for reducing airborne dust in hay, but recent work has shown that soaking more than doubles the bacteria content while leaching valuable nutrients, most notably minerals and electrolytes. The best way to deal with respirable-dust bacteria and mould is to thoroughly steam the forage. Research has shown that steaming hay and haylage using a specifically designed spiked steamer that injects steam into the bale reduces respirable particles, bacteria,

“Soaking is the traditional method for reducing airborne dust in hay, but recent work has shown that soaking more than doubles the bacteria content while leaching valuable nutrients”

significant amounts of dust, which can induce respiratory disorders in horses.

Problems with forage While providing ad libitum forage to any stabled horse is the ideal management regime, there are four well-accepted disadvantages that make this difficult to achieve: increased body weight, water holding capacity of fibre, the acidity of haylage, and dust in hay. When feeding low-quality fibre – i.e., stemmy, mature forage – more weight is held within the gut and much of this additional weight is due to the water that is held by the cell-wall fibre. Ellis et al (2002) found that a lowquality forage diet did increase heart rate in exercising horses and thus impaired performance.

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More recently, no such negative relationship has been found when highquality fibre is fed. Leafy forages are more fully digested, hold less water, and have higher protein levels, which EssenGustavsson et al (2010) found helped replenish muscle glycogen reserves. Furthermore, Jansson and Lindberg (2012) reported no significant rise in bodyweight or heart rate during exercise when feeding earlycut haylage. So choosing high-quality forage seems to be the key here. Effective conservation of grass into haylage is dependent upon achieving a rapid drop in pH, down to 5.4 over the first few days after wrapping. However, horses suffering from gastric ulceration already have excessive acid in their stomachs and to add to this by feeding

and mould contamination by greater than 95%. Achieving very high temperatures (in excess of 100C) is key to the efficacy of this process, as partial steaming using a homemade steamer actually increases bacteria content in forage. All organic material, bedding (straw and shavings), cereals, and fibre feeds contain dust. Even bagged and chopped feeds will produce some dust, and this is released into the horse’s breathing zone. It is best therefore to avoid initiating any allergic respiratory disorder by feeding chopped forage slightly damp, using dust-extracted bedding material, and thoroughly steaming both hay and haylage. Achieving and maintaining top performance in racehorses is challenging, and injury and problems are never very far away. So minimise the incidence of gastric ulcers, acidosis, and colic by keeping the gut ‘happy’ by feeding what it is designed to digest. Feeding a fibre-based diet to racehorses is possible, it is just a matter of getting the balance right! n

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Racing Against Arkle (from Chapter 8: ENGLAND v IRELAND, MILL HOUSE v ARKLE 1963-64) Arkle had run six times in his first season, seven in his second and now, 1963-4, was to be the busiest of his career with eight. His reputation was red hot and the whole of Ireland was on fire about him. England was not. They had their own hero, Mill House, the ‘Big Horse’

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who as a six-year-old had stormed to Cheltenham Gold Cup glory while Arkle was cruising to a mere novice win at the Festival. The build up on both sides of the water that autumn was intense. Arkle had become what in today’s parlance is called a ‘Saturday’ horse. Television sets were still few and far between in Ireland and many fans, if they could not get to the track, would flock to whatever friends, relations or pubs had this large, new-fangled,

somewhat ‘snowy’ black and white machine taking up a chunk of the sitting room. At the time Michael Hourigan, now one of Ireland’s leading trainers was an apprentice jockey serving his time with Charlie Weld (father of Dermot) at Rosewell House on the Curragh. It was a strict life but a fair one and the lads found Mrs Gita Weld a perfect mother figure. When Arkle was running the lads were allowed into the house to watch him on the

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The legend of Himself Racing commentator, Sir Peter O’Sullevan called him “a freak of nature”. Fan mail to him was addressed, “Himself, Ireland”. In March 2014 it will be 50 years since Arkle won his first Cheltenham Gold Cup, and this issue of European Trainer is featuring an excerpt from Anne Holland’s new biography, which tells his story and of the people around the legendary steeplechaser who enabled him to produce his brilliant best. ARKLE THE LEGEND OF ‘HIMSELF’ By Anne Holland ISBN: 978-1-84717-548-9 £14.99 – published November 2013 WORDS: ANNE HOLLAND

television. ‘I remember the crowds following him in, people were able to get a lot closer to the horses then,’ says Michael Hourigan. Schoolboy Kevin Colman (now manager of Bellewstown and Laytown races) went to some lengths to reach a television. ‘I got the impression that Arkle ran every Saturday – he wasn’t wrapped in cotton wool. A family friend, Jim Kelly, ran the local athletics

club and worked for the Greenshield stamp people including half day Saturdays. My sister Carmel and I were about twelve and fourteen and we used to go in to Dublin with him; his mother lived in Julianstown and on the way back we would watch Arkle on their black and white telly; television was a great novelty then.’ Arkle began his third season by running in a Flat race, against pukka Flat racehorses (unlike his two initial Bumpers which are specifically

for NH horses in the making.) Although Arkle had gone through the previous season unbeaten (two hurdles and five chases) he was eligible for the one mile six furlong Donoughmore Maiden Plate because he was, indeed, a maiden on the Flat. There were thirteen runners for the weight for age contest; Arkle had to carry 9 stone 6lb along with three others and the lowest weight was 7 stone 13lb; Arkle was odds-on favourite. It meant he would have to have a Flat race

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PROFILE jockey. One of the very best professionals was chosen in Tommy ‘TP’ Burns, who had not only been Champion jockey three times, but who had also grown up with Greenogue very much a part of his childhood. Speaking in early 2013, just before his eighty-ninth birthday, TP recalled, ‘I spent a lot of my childhood at Tom Dreaper’s and rode a pony around the yard there. He taught me to drive a motor car and he was a friend. My father, Tommy, hunted with the Wards, and used to ride young horses from Tom when cattle were his number one business and the horses were his pleasure. ‘There were some good horses there and they were very carefully trained. They weren’t roughed up and half broken down before reaching maturity; he knew how to mind horses, and they would go on racing until they were twelve years old.’ Before the race in Navan TP popped up to Greenogue and rode out on Arkle. ‘He was a bit special and gave me a “proper racehorse” feel. He wasn’t unruly or bouncy, but he took a good hold, especially when we’d gone across the road to the gallops. I had a couple of canters on him.’

“England would not hear of defeat in the Gold Cup for Mill House; after all, he was not only the reigning champion, but hadn’t he already beaten Arkle in the Hennessy?” The Navan race was a midweek fixture, Wednesday 9 October 1963. One of the jockeys in Arkle’s race was Tommy Kinane, usually associated with NH racing (he won the 1978 Champion Hurdle on Monksfield), but light enough to ride on the Flat. ‘I was on a small little grey mare called Pearl Lady, trained in the North,’ he says. ‘I remember Arkle being in front of me and I couldn’t catch him.’ TP takes up the story: ‘Arkle was a horse who liked to come in at his own speed, he couldn’t be rushed. Just before we came into the straight I was getting no feel off him, he was going nowhere with me and I had to get a little bit busy on him, but then he sailed. He was so used to being held up, and he was used to having fences to negotiate, but once he clicked into gear it was all over. ‘He was intelligent and knew how to race; a lot of the good ones have that characteristic. If they’re too free they’ll win a few but not many.’ He remembers the Duchess being t here, and everyone clapping. He beat Descador by five

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lengths, with Pearl Lady a further half length away. Arkle had proved himself the complete racehorse; the Cesarewitch, a two-mile Flat handicap held in October looked his for the taking after this performance, but Pat Taaffe urged against it, saying it would make him too free when reverting to chasing. This was undoubtedly wise, for Arkle was already beginning to take a healthy hold in some of his races, and a modicum of restraint was imperative when there were thick birch fences four feet six inches high to be negotiated. The ultimate goal for this season was the Cheltenham Gold Cup in March and already the hype and banter and generally goodnatured rivalry between the Arkle and Mill House camps was becoming increasingly vociferous. Arkle had reached his full height of 16.2hh, but more than that, his frame had filled out and he had matured. Even his girth had expanded, but not in the way of beer-bellied men or middle-aged ladies; his physique now showed how much chest room – heart room –

he had, not only in the circumference of his girth, but in the width of his chest between his front legs. In addition, he was taking on the air for which he became famed: high head carriage, pricked ears, inquisitive eyes, taking an interest in everything and everyone around him. First, the two horses were to meet in the Hennessy Gold Cup at Newbury, Arkle having meanwhile sauntered to a ten-length victory in his first handicap chase, the Carey’s Cottage chase at Gowran Park in October. In the Hennessy, Arkle finished only third, his first defeat in a chase. It had been a foggy day making visibility poor. Word started going round that Arkle had slipped on landing over the third last, an open ditch, but nobody had been able to see very well. This sounded like the Irish making excuses, although certainly in the pre-race preliminaries Arkle had looked magnificent. The television recording shows him jumping the fence perfectly, but then the camera returned to the leader, and Arkle’s slip on landing was not seen. Pat Taaffe told the

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‘I was six when I first went to Punchestown and I felt the allure and magic of that time created by Arkle, that’s what got me interested in racing.’ Arkle and Loving Record met again next time for the Thyestes Chase at Gowran Park when Arkle gave 31lbs and a ten-length beating to the grey in heavy ground – so roughly the equivalent of giving that good horse a furlong lead at the start. One more preCheltenham race was to come, back at Leopardstown, and once more Arkle had to pull out all the stops as the grey mare Flying Wild matched strides with him until falling at the second-last fence. Today it is unthinkable that a horse of Arkle’s calibre would be running regularly in handicaps; for one thing there are many more conditions races available to the top horses, and for another, such horses are often limited to only a few runs a year, gearing up for Cheltenham; sometimes there are racecourse gallops or even trainers’ open days where the stars can be seen going through their paces. It is a gesture for the public, but it is not a substitute

“The special moment? The few seconds when I heard myself offering the expendable words in commentary, “This is the champion. This is the best we’ve seen for a long time” Sir Peter O’Sullevan Duchess afterwards that he was confident he would have won, but Arkle had landed in a bit of poached ground, which caused the stumble. The going was described as ‘very soft’ that day and so it will have been churned up by the runners earlier. One person who did see the mistake close up, says Ted Kelly, was a character from Northern Ireland called John Taylor, an engineering student at the time. ‘He was there, down the course, and he told the Dreapers how bad the mistake was.’ At school in England I well remember hearing about the Hennessy (we weren’t allowed to watch TV, but we had transistor radios), and the first reaction was, ‘Oh, so he’s not as good as he’s cracked up to be.’ Arkle was to have three more runs in Ireland before the re-match for the Cheltenham Gold Cup, handicaps at Leopardstown, Gowran Park and Leopardstown again, all of them over three-miles. He carried top weight of 12 stone in all three. Irish racegoers flocked to the tracks and to

Arkle jumps the last fence on his way to victory over Mill House in the 1964 Cheltenham Gold Cup

any television sets they could find; if they failed in both, they resorted to the Pathé News in the local cinema later in the week. Arkle did not disappoint his growing legions of fans and won all three, although they were not pushovers. For the Christmas Chase, Loving Record made a real fight of it, matching Arkle and actually leading over the last fence before Arkle strode on to a two length victory. He had given the useful grey nine-year-old 29lbs. I can just remember watching Arkle on a grainy black and white television and the evocative voice of Peter O’Sullevan.’ Noel O’Brien was only six when Arkle won his third Gold Cup ‘but I knew something special was happening.’ He was also influenced by the fact that pupils were given the day off for racing at Punchestown by his national school, and then later three days by his secondary school.

for the real thing. For the trainers it is a means to an end: Cheltenham. Mill House, meanwhile, also remained unbeaten having seen off just two runners in the King George VI Chase at Kempton on Boxing Day and a conditions race at Sandown. He was defending his crown as the winner of his last six races. The build up was almost over. England would not hear of defeat in the Gold Cup for Mill House; after all, he was not only the reigning champion, but hadn’t he already beaten Arkle in the Hennessy? Fulke Walwyn could not conceive of defeat for his mighty chaser. And to his jockey, Willie Robinson, losing was unthinkable. Willie Robinson was born and reared in Kilcullen, County Kildare, close to where he still lives today with his wife, Susan, née Hall. Willie married Susan he married the year of this Gold Cup, 1964; her father, Cyril, managed the Irish Stud, not far from where his lifelong friend and rival, Pat Taaffe lived near Rathcoole. Willie Robinson began his career as an

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Jockey Pat Taaffe parades Arkle at the Dublin Horse Show

Owner the Duchess of Westminster on Arkle

amateur, riding for his father. His first employer was Mrs Peggy St John Nolan, but women in those days were not allowed to hold a trainer’s licence, which had to be in the name of her head man (Matt Geraghty). His next retainers

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were with John Corbett and Dan Moore. Apart from having already won the Gold Cup with Mill House, Willie Robinson had also won the 1962 Champion Hurdle on Anzio; he was to take the hurdling crown again in 1965 on

Kirriemuir, and was to win the Grand National on Team Spirit soon after this pending duel. He rode in the Aintree epic ten times and also won the 1957 Irish Grand National on Kilballyown, having turned professional in 1956, and was Champion Irish jockey in 1958. So it was not only two great horses, but also two consummate jockeys who were taking each other on at Cheltenham in 1964. In Ireland fans and connections were equally convinced that victory would be Arkle’s. Paddy Woods says, ‘I was 150 per cent certain he would win, I couldn’t see him being beaten.’ Johnny Lumley is slightly more cautious. ‘None of us had been able to see what happened in Newbury and we only had Pat Taaffe’s word for it and just hoped he was right. There was a lot of confidence in the Mill House camp.’ In Cheltenham the night before the big showdown, Peter O’Sullevan took the two principal riders out to dinner in the Carlton Hotel (now the Hotel du Vin and Bistro) in Parabola Road. ‘During the 1964 Cheltenham Festival, Pat, Willie and I dined together (just the three of us) … with my Daily Express column in mind, I asked them to strike a notional bet, the winner of the cup to pay for an exotic holiday for the loser. They were each firmly and seriously convinced that neither Arkle nor Mill House could be beaten.’ Saturday 7 March 1964 and the scene was perfectly set: a mix of sunshine and snow showers bathed Prestbury Park, the huge amphitheatre set beneath Cleeve Hill, the highest point of the Cotswolds. It was one of those occasions when all the pre-race hype lived up to its billing; for many in National Hunt racing the 1964 Cheltenham Gold Cup remains the epitome of the best in steeplechasing. For much of the winter Mill House had been the odds-on ante-post favourite, at 1-2. There was plenty of Irish money for Arkle who was out to avenge his Newbury slip, but there were even more who could not see why that result should be turned round, so at the off Mill House started at 8-13, and Arkle eased from 6-4 out to 7-4; it was the last time in his life that he did not start as favourite. It was as good as a two-horse race in spite of the presence of previous Gold Cup winner Pas Seul (back in 1960) who started at 50-1 and King’s Nephew who had not only recently won the Great Yorkshire Chase but also, in the canny hands of Stan Mellor, had pounced on and beaten Mill House himself the previous year at Kempton. In spite of this, he started at odds of 20-1. At school in Eton, Johnny Bradburne (who became a noted amateur rider and husband of Scottish trainer Susan Bradburne) sneaked off to a friendly maid’s room to settle down and watch the race. Memory plays tricks, and having seen a replay of the race many times I feel I saw it live; yet I cannot have done. I was also at school, it was a Saturday (and my birthday – little white

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ARKLE china models of horses given by my school pals) and I was almost certainly playing lacrosse that afternoon. My recollection of that is nil, yet of the race it is pristine: Mill House making the running, jumping superbly with his ears pricked; Arkle fighting for his head and being held back forcibly by Pat Taaffe; the water second time and the pair put some distance between themselves and the other two. Mill House gained ground in the air at the third last, going nearly four lengths clear heading down the hill. Peter O’Sullevan intoned ‘and it’s the big two now,’ and Pat Taaffe’s name is being called from the stands. And the next thing is Arkle just being there, he has moved up imperceptibly and is now poised on Mill House’s quarters. He joins him effortlessly at the second last; they gallop round the final bend heading towards the last fence and Willie Robinson goes for his whip. All Pat has to do is shake up Arkle and he goes a length up into the last before drawing clear to a fivelength win.

Writing to me in 2013, Sir Peter recalled, ‘The special moment? The few seconds when I heard myself offering the expendable words in commentary, This is the champion. This is the best we’ve seen for a long time.!” As they pulled up, the two jockeys lent across and shook each other’s hands. Racegoers went wild and virtually mobbed Pat Taaffe and Arkle on their way back to the winner’s circle, cheering him all the way; the Irish threw their hats up into the air and cheered some more, and thronged into the hallowed enclosure still cheering, a forerunner of things to come twenty-two years later with Dawn Run. The Duchess of Westminster received the exquisite Gold Cup, Johnny Lumley led Arkle back down the slope to the racecourse stables, and in the jockeys’ changing room Pat Taaffe tried to console and commiserate with a forlorn Willie Robinson. Speaking almost fifty years on when we met at Cheltenham, Willie, wearing a natty rich blue tie with colourful racing motifs, was

anxious not to find a reason for the defeat. He said, ‘I always thought there should only be necks between them but Mill House didn’t sparkle that day. I don’t want to make excuses. Fulke Walwyn couldn’t understand; he believed no horse could beat him. Arkle was something special; we knew in our hearts that Arkle was the biggest threat to Mill House.’ Life was never quite the same in Greenogue from that day on, though. Overnight, Arkle had confirmed himself superstar status, a pop idol to rival the Beatles, an equine to admire and revere, to pay homage and genuflect to. It never changed. From now on, unexpected callers could arrive at any time of day and by and large Tom Dreaper acquiesced to their requests for a picture with him, or for their child to sit on him, or a hair from his tail. Again, it was a tribute to Arkle’s incredible temperament that he took it all in his stride. Today, cars will slow down several times a day to peer in towards Box Number 7 as they drive past.’ n

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The next step towards predicting a horse’s future

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Gmax, a fully integrated girth with GPS tracking, being attached during the Innovation Day at the Hauser Forum, Cambridge


TRIDE analysis technology has now given trainers the option of employing an accurate, scientific aid to bolster their understanding. Simple to use, automated stride analysis technology is still in its infancy and is now available on the market. Only time will tell how much value it will add, or whether it can supersede jockey feedback and the observation of the naked eye, but the early signs are encouraging. The extent of man’s fascination with the thoroughbred stride is best emphasised by the fact that the first motion picture displaying device in history, the zoopraxiscope invented by Edweard Muybridge, was developed in order to settle an argument on whether all four of a horse’s hooves were ever off the ground at the same time during a gallop. On the other hand, the importance of stride analysis might be be st emphasised by expensive two-year-old The Green Monkey, who was sold for US$16 million on the basis of his 9.8-second breeze at the 2006 Fasig-Tipton Calder sale. EQB, a bloodstock agent and consultant company in the USA that offer gait analysis as part of their package, would have advised against buying the colt. EQB said of The Green Monkey’s breeze: “…high-speed film revealed that the entire work was done at a rotary gallop, a very quick gait that can produce fast times but

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The stride of the thoroughbred has been a subject of fascination for horsemen since the early days of racehorse breeding. Furthermore, trainers of the racehorse have for a long time recognised the importance of stride patterns as a factor in ascertaining an individual’s ability, fitness, and soundness as well as predicting what distance it will be suited to and on what going it is most likely to act. WORDS: DaviD ThiSelTOn PhOTOS: GeORGe SelWYn, Si BaRBeR

costs more energy and is unlikely to be maintained over longer distances.” The Green Monkey ran three times, running third once and fourth twice, before being sent to stud for a covering fee of US$5,000. EQB were pioneers in “gait analysis” 25 years ago and also invented the world’s first heart rate monitor. Today they consult some of the top racing stables in the USA. They use digital high-speed v ideo equipment in order to analyse a horse’s stride in ultra-slow motion, digitised to hundreds of pictures per second. Their extensive research revealed a positive correlation between the efficiency of the stride and subsequent racing success. They divulged, “Once a horse attains racing speed, the motion of the limbs consumes the

most energy, and efficiency in this area is worth noting. Extraneous limb motion can also have soundness consequences.” The “extraneous” movement is often impossible to spot with the naked eye, or even with regular video, and EQB also pointed out that “inefficiencies seen at racing speed are often unpredictable from the conformation and walk seen back at the barn, which may seem perfect.” EQB also provide data with which to study stride length, stride frequency, extension and other parameters of a horses’ gait, and the company measure horses’ cardiovascular systems with ultrasound in addition to offering a variety of traditional bloodstock services. Equitronics, an Australian company, recently achieved a world first when adding a stride

STRIDE ANALYSIS length function to its automated system, which is called E-Trakka. E-Trakka’s electronic horse blanket collects the raw stride length data, in addition to speed, heart rate, GPS, and sectional timing data, and the system’s software processes it into meaningful displays. Andrew Stuart, who developed the E-Trakka system, is a former jockey and trainer who has dedicated most of his career to improving the professionalism of the racehorse training industry. His methodology marries science, art, and what he calls “good old fashioned horse sense.” The stride length function of the E-Trakka system has added immeasurably to the chances of identifying a horse’s inherent ability, as well as his chances of picking up soundness issues and his capacity to monitor fitness. It could also contribute to a “best guess” of the horse’s optimum racing distance. Stuart and his team noticed, after a lot of raw data collection, that there was a very close relationship between stride length and speed in the zone between 28 and 60 km/hour. He said, “In the average workout there is a lot of data in this zone and 50 km/hour was identified as the most relevant point.” The resulting “SL50” (Stride Length 50) number is the captured stride length at the time the horse travels at 50 km/hour. With the use of “high end maths,” the SL50 is computed after the analysis of hundreds of individual strides. To date the SL50 range has been between five, six, and seven metres, with an average of 6.1. Graded horses tend to have an SL50 larger than 6.5. The E-Trakka Profiler software also provides all other stride length readings during a workout, including stride length at peak speed. The stride length of a Graded horse at peak speed could get close to eight metres. For a 1200m race, a horse travelling at 61 kph with an average stride of 6.6 metres would take 182 strides compared to 166 strides for a horse with an average stride of 7.2 metres. That’s an extra 16 strides, or 10% more, for the horse with the smaller stride length. A chart that couples stride length and speed versus time shows the stride shortening at the end of a workout. This could obviously be useful in monitoring a horse’s fitness, for the stride length shortens as a horse tires. The stride length function on the E-Trakka system was fine-tuned before market release with the help of feedback from trainers who used it during its second stage of development. Stuart said, “With E-Trakka having already collected over 20,000 benchmark readings of GPS and heart rate in the field, the new stride length [feature] fills a few important gaps that were missing. Stride length on its own, or GPS and heart on their own, does not supply as complete a picture as we now have.” Stuart views the equine athlete as being made up of “ten key factors.” These fall und er the categories of “Cardiovascular system” (heart size, heart rate, and lung function/venous

system); “Conformation” (stride length, efficiency of stride, and peak speed); Muscular system (anaerobic capacity and aerobic capacity); “Structural” (leg and body soundness); and “General” (controllable factors like training methods, nutrition, general health, and mental health). He said, “There are a few important points of basic knowledge in the determination of stride relevance. One is that an equine athlete is made up of what we would call ten key factors. One factor is the actual stride length and the others determine the horse’s ability to use this asset. That is why sometimes trainers can be confused as to why the best moving

“Longer striders are more suitable to distance and in fact no short striders have been successful over distance unless it is an extremely weak race” Andrew Stuart horse does not win a race. They may have a small heart and poor muscular development, which doesn’t allow them to use their asset of a long stride. In the opposite example we have horses with a shorter stride but great energy systems which allow them to cover their weakness. But as a general rule of thumb a longer stride is a good asset. Other weakness can be picked up in the GPS and heart rate profiles. For example, a poor recovering horse with a low peak speed does not have the natural talent to use its asset.”

Stuart continued, “Longer striders are more suitable to distance and in fact no short striders have been successful over distance unless it is an extremely weak race where their other assets (heart size and fitness) are better than the others. All our successful Group horses or stayers have had a long stride and a lot of the Group 1 winners have had a stride of between 6.7 - 6.9 SL50.” A key note, according to Stuart’s research, is that at peak speeds, every time a horse lands on its front feet it slows down by an average of 3kph. It will make up this deficit when it pushes with its back legs, provided it has sufficient energy to do so. However, this means more energy is required to maintain motion and quite often in track work the peak speed a horse can reach is only maintained for 3-4 seconds, which means more energy is required to maintain motion. Stuart added, “Shorter striders tend to run over shorter distances. However, a Group 1 1200m-1600m horse who had earned $1.7 million in stakes had a 6.8m SL50. The short strider with a fast leg turnover can be successful as long as they have a high peak speed and high anaerobic power. Where it gets very interesting is that 90% of the longer striders are winning and 90% of the short striders are losing across the board.” Stuart also spoke about soundness issues. “The general statement from trainers are that their short striders are experiencing issues! A horse that dropped from 6.4m SL50 to 6.1 was found to be shin sore. A beautiful big horse I expected to be 6.4-plus was found to be 5.85 and the trainer said that the horse was ‘rough going.’ The horse had won a trial but then bled. Did he bleed because of the extra stress of a trial, and is breathing related to stride? I’m not sure but I suspect so. A Group horse who carried issue was reading 6.3, but after he had his joints treated was reading 6.65 and won a Group 1. A Group 1 horse who was reading 6.5 dropped to 6.1 and was found to have bowed a

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The Gmax girth features a heart-rate monitor, stride sensors and temperature sensors

tendon. All observations that you would expect, but have never seen before.” Stuart said that the surface and weight of the rider affected the mean average, but added that most trainers work their horses in the same environment, so general trends can be recognised. He said that “laziness” also affected stride length and cited one example of a horse that read 6.3 on its own, but 6.6 when working upsides another horse, and this subject went on to win a Group 3. Although he has not yet attempted to correlate a horse’s structural measurements with stride length, Stuart did mention the example of an 18-hand mammoth that read only 6.1 and “could not get out of his own way.” Stuart believes that the most important first phase of a horse’s training regimen is to identify its athletic ability and capacity to race. The importance of this belief is connected to two key statements he makes in his philosophy of training: 1) One of the greatest challenges a thoroughbred horse trainer faces is the application of stress to a talented horse, as the stress applied may never be great enough to create the advance in the horse’s fitness. 2) Stress must never be applied greater than the limbs or body can tolerate. Considering the stride length research to date, the SL50 measurement looks likely to become an invaluable aid in ascertaining a horse’s capacity to race. In making another point in his training philosophy, Stuart says, “The percentage of fast twitch muscle compared to slow twitch muscle will determine a horse’s ideal distance. The ability of a trainer to recognise the horse’s muscle fibre assets and train the combination o f

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slow and fast twitch muscles correctly will produce better performances than those that do not.” Testing the horse’s anaerobic capacity by means of peak speed and recovery time is the methods he advises in “best guessing” a horse’s optimum distance. However, the SL50 measurement might also make a contribution to determining this, for as he says short striders are usually suited to shorter races. E-Trakka is easy to use and requires no user input.

“The stride pattern might be an indicator of how good a horse is or what distance it is best suited to as well as its fitness and wellbeing” Tim Jones

The EquinITy system, developed by Fine Equinity in the UK, is an intelligent training system designed to assist racehorse trainers in the assessment of the health and fitness of their horses. They are now in the process of developing a stride length function. EquinITy also use trainer feedback during their development phases. As a consequence, their current software is comprehensive and includes such facilities as stable management as well as a function called “racefinder” that can successfully place a fit horse in races for which it is eligible. At present the lightweight girth they use collects heart rate and GPS data. The EquinITy “second generation of hardware and software” will have the capacity to monitor stride length and a rollout is expected in about six months’ time. It is planned that the second generation product will also include a “realtime simcard” so that live data will be available to a person standing on the side of the gallop. EquinITy puts an emphasis on simplicity of use and affordability. No input is required from the trainer and each girth only requires one download per training period as it can be equated to the software’s “training schedule” function. Tim Jones, the commercial director of Fine Equinity, said, “A trainer can retrospectively gather what a horse had done on any given day. For example, if a horse is running in the King George in 2013, the trainer will be able to establish what they did right, or wrong, in the horse’s preparation for that race in 2012.” The EquinITy system records data four times a second. In their stride length function, the number of strides will be able to be monitored at any stage of the workout and for any distance chosen. However, their research has used number of strides per furlong as a base measurement. Jones emphasised that the data gathered would be useful in combination with other data (sectional timing, heart rate, and GPS altitude) rather than on its own. EquinITy’s research has shown that in a race over a mile there is not much difference between the number of strides of different horses in the middle part of the race and that it is the “business end” that separates the men from the boys. They found that the average stride per furlong was 30, while the very best horses achieved a reading of 23 or 24. Jones said that the data gathered would allow a trainer to build up a stride pattern associated with each horse and it would be left to the trainer to interpret how best this could be used. In summary Jones said, “The stride pattern might be an indicator of how good a horse is or what distance it is best suited to as well as its fitness and wellbeing. The system is not diagnostic but can provide a pointer to a problem. An increased heart rate might indicate a breathing issue or that the horse is a bleeder. Furthermore, alarm bells will ring if a horse has

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a pattern of 30 strides per furlong and all of a sudden there are 32 or 34 strides.” Horses First Racing is a racing yard in Wiltshire that uses advanced scientific tools as an aid in the training of horses. Horses First’s trainer Jeremy Gask has been researching stride length for a few reasons, one of the main ones being as an early indication of lameness or discomfort. He does all of his research on a treadmill as this “allows for a controlled environment and surface,” and factors like “wind speed, distraction or a rider moving about unnecessarily” are eliminated. The speed of the horse can also be controlled on a treadmill. Gask said that although stride length decreases “as a rule” in a lame horse, this was not always the case, as “it appears the odd horse can ‘climb’ or even try and get off its front legs,” and he uses “stride frequency” as a measure on the treadmill as it will produce a more accurate reading and is easier to record. He said that for any given speed there is a ‘decrease’ in stride length, but in compensation there is a consequent increase in frequency. Gask added, “Stride length is going to be more and more interesting over time as the technology and understanding increases. The better horses certainly appear to have a greater stride length and lower frequency at a given speed. However, in time it is going to be interesting to measure the higher-class horses that have a larger stride length but that will also

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be able to increase their frequency as they accelerate. “There are other measures to be found. Different horses can suit different ground conditions and this may become clearer in time as we are still working on this. Having a controlled piece of work on a track with a rider is much harder to replicate than on a treadmill, but alas we cannot change the going on the

“The ability of a trainer to recognise the horse’s muscle fibre assets and train the combination of slow and fast twitch muscles correctly will produce better performances than those that do not” treadmill. When horses get tired the stride length certainly decreases, although the frequency may or may not change. Interestingly, the size of the horse doesn’t always match up to stride length, although it is obviously a factor.” He added, “I have a couple of horses who have very long strides but don’t seem to have

the ability to increase frequency when the busy part of the work or race comes. I am working on trying to increase this through training but time will tell as to the success.” Gask hasn’t yet worked on the possible relationship between stride length and a horse’s distance preference. He uses a system called Gmax, a fully integrated girth with GPS tracking, to collect speed and sectional timing data. It has a heart-rate monitor, stride sensors, and temperature sensors for both ambient and skin temperatures. The data can be collected in real time with 3G or through a Wi-Fi connection Gask also has a dedicated Treadmill Display Unit (TDU) designed by Gmax that records ECG trace, heart rate, speed, and elevation. Mike de Kock, who is known for his dynamic approach, is another trainer who has experimented with stride length technology. He used it as an aid in Shea Shea’s preparation for the Grade 1 Al Quoz Sprint, which he won. De Kock admitted he was still “learning,” but he and his team have revealed that what they were most interested in, after the horses’ stride patterns had been built up, was to use the data as an indicator of soundness issues and to also monitor the stride length at the end of a workout as an indicator of peak fitness. In conclusion, it is still early days, but there seems little doubt that stride analysis technology is going to add a new dimension to the methods of racehorse trainers worldwide. n

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The downsides to antibiotic therapy


HERE are many different classes and types of antibiotics, all of which may result in complications. Horses can develop allergies to an antibiotic and some antibiotics can be toxic, with compromised kidney or liver function. However, one of the most frequently observed adverse effects of antibiotic therapy in horses is diarrhoea. Antibiotic-associated diarrhoea can range from mild signs requiring no treatment to severe diarrhoea, which may require hospitalisation with intensive care and it may be life threatening. Overuse of antibiotics will also lead to the development of resistance, an important emerging threat in equine medicine.

The Hippocratic oath, which encapsulates the concept that it may be better to provide no treatment than to intervene but as a result do more damage, is a central tenet of medicine introduced by the Ancient Greeks. Antibiotics are widely used to treat or prevent infections and can be life saving. However, they have potential to do great harm, and this can be easy to overlook until the worst happens. WORDS: Celia MaRR, eDitOR,equine VeteRinaRy JOuRnal, neWMaRket, SuffOlk & DR BOnnie BaRR, VMD, DaCViM PHOtOS: ROSSDale equine HOSPital, SHutteRStOCk

Antibiotic-associated Diarrhoea The mechanism whereby antibiotics lead to diarrhoea is relatively straightforward: when antibiotics are administered, their effects are not confined to stopping the infection that the horse is suffering from. They can also kill off the population of normal gastrointestinal bacterial, allowing harmful bacteria to grow. The over-growth of harmful bacterial results in an abnormal gastrointestinal environment, inflammation, and abnormal water and electrolyte secretion within the intestinal tract. This in turn results in depression, fever, and diarrhoea. Toxic molecules derived from bacterial cell walls can enter the bloodstream, trigger widespread and severe inflammation, and lead to failure of multiple organs, a process known as endotoxaemia. This process usually begins when horses are treated with antibiotics themselves, but mares can develop diarrhoea when their foals are under treatment with oral medicines, most likely because during administration, rather than swallowing the whole dose, the foal can end up with some of the drug on its face or lips and the dam ingests it. For this reason, it

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is always sensible to clean any excess drug off the foal after administration. The Equine Veterinary Journal recently published a study in which researchers in the United States attempted to determine how often antibiotic-associated diarrhoea occurs and examine whether some drugs are more risky than others. Researchers at private


“In the horses that developed diarrhoea the most common reason for treatment with an antibiotic was a respiratory infection and the second common reason was a fever of undetermined origin� equine referral clinics in Kentucky, Florida, and New Jersey examined the records of 5,251 horses treated with antibiotic medications for non-gastrointestinal illnesses. Of these horses, 32 (0.6%) were diagnosed with diarrhoea that was probably associated with antibiotic administration. In other words, six of every 1000 horses treated with antibiotics developed diarrhoea. In the horses that developed diarrhoea the most common reason for treatment with an antibiotic was a respiratory infection, and the second most common reason was a fever of

undetermined origin. The affected horses had been treated for an average of four days with antibiotics before the diarrhoea developed. A majority of them developed fever (temperature greater than 38.9C) and the faecal consistency ranged from watery to slightly soft. Length of hospitalisation varied from 3-21 days. Complications secondary to diarrhoea included laminitis (3/32 patients), colic (3/32 patients), and venous thrombosis (4/32 patients). Six horses (19%) died or were euthanased. All classes of antibiotic agents were represented in the cases that developed

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above: Diarrhoea stream: Antibiotics are often very useful, but six of every 1000 horses given antibiotics developed diarrhoea as a result, in a recent US study. Centre: Micro plate: Antibiotics should be targeted at the specific organism that is causing the infection. Laboratory testing includes growing the organism on a microbiology plate with small paper discs, each impregnated with one of a range of antibiotics. Clear zones indicate where there is no bacterial growth. The drugs that are effective are blocking bacterial growth to create a clear halo around the disc whereas if the bacteria are resistant to the drug, there is no clear zone around the disc. left: Toxic membranes: Multiple organ failure occurs when bacterial wall components enter the bloodstream and trigger widespread inflammation. The horse’s membranes become dark purple as the circulation fails

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diarrhoea, and no particular class was more or less likely to create problems. Some antibiotics had previously been thought to be less problematic than others, but this myth was dispelled since enrofloxacin administration (seven cases) and gentamicin (two cases) were associated with diarrhoea in this study. The combination of penicillin and gentamicin also resulted in seven cases of diarrhoea. Combining antibiotic agents may increase the risk of diarrhoea by causing a broader change in the intestinal flora. The most important message was there is some risk involved with administration of any antibiotic. Common bacteria that are associated with diarrhoea in horses are Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium difficile, and Salmonella species, and so the researchers tested faecal samples from the horses with diarrhoea for these organisms: Clostridium difficile toxins were isolated from four horses and Salmonella species from three horses. Clostridium perfringens was not isolated. But, since less than one-quarter of the horses with diarrhoea had a pathogen identified, it is likely that additional factors may play a role. Many horses which develop diarrhoea while receiving antibiotic have additional risk factors including on-going disease, alterations in food intake and diet, and administration of additional medications that can be irritating to the gastrointestinal tract. Difference in the management (housing practices and feeding regimes), use of other supplements, and soil composition affecting the normal gastrointestinal bacteria may also come into play. The researchers concluded that antibiotic-associated diarrhoea has many causes and likely involves several possible synergistic mechanisms. Although the incidence of antibioticassociated diarrhoea is low, it was fatal in one in five of the affected horses, highlighting the importance of appropriate use of antibiotics. Antibiotics should be administered only when there is a known or suspected infection, and selection should be based on bacterial culture and sensitivity results. It is important that antibiotics be used in the manner in which they are prescribed and that specific instructions are followed exactly.

Antibiotic resistance Overuse or inappropriate use of antibiotics can also lead to antibiotic resistance, meaning that the drug becomes ineffective against specific bacterial species. Once a bacterium develops resistance to an antibiotic it passes on the trait to future generations of bacteria, rapidly magnifying the problem. In the past, antibiotic resistance has been overcome as new drugs with anti-bacterial effects were discovered. The golden age of antibiotics is now nearing its end and it has become more and more likely that no new drugs will be discovered, while resistance to existing

ANTIBIOTIC-RELATED DIARRHOEA antibiotics is becoming increasingly widespread in bacterial species that infect humans and animals. There is even concern that the use of antibiotics in animals is contributing to the problem of resistance in human disease. As a result, doctors and veterinarians are being urged by the World Health Organization (WHO) to consider their use of antibiotics carefully. Unnecessary use of antibiotics should be avoided: the horse’s immune system can be relied on to clear many minor infections such as those associated with minor skin wounds. When antibiotics are used, it is essential that they are given at an effective dose; ineffective dosing can encourage the proliferation of resistant bacteria. WHO has produced a list of “critically important antimicrobials” for which we need to develop strategies to contain use in non-human species because they are so important for human health. The drugs that are relevant to equine medicine that appear on this list are the quinilones; third/fourth generation cephalosporins; and macrolides such as azthromycin, clarithromycin, and erythromycin, which are used for Rhodococcal infection in foals but are not typically used in adults. The quinilone group includes enrofloxacin, which is marketed as Baytril™, while third/fourth generation cephalosporins include ceftiofur and cefquinome, of which there are several brands available, many being commonly used in equine practice. At the moment, there are no legal restrictions on the use of these drugs in horses, and professional organisations such as British Equine Veterinary Association are urging their members to develop local strategies to refine and limit their use of antibiotics and to monitor data collected from their patients for evidence of antimicrobial resistance. Vets are discouraging the use of the protected antibiotics unless there are strong clinical grounds to indicate they are needed, ideally backed up with laboratory culture and sensitivity testing.

Weigh up the risks and benefits before treating with antibiotics Loss of effective antibiotics due to the development of widespread resistance is a doomsday scenario that will take us back to the years prior to the introduction of the first antibiotics in the early part of the last century. And, when it occurs, antibiotic-associated diarrhoea can be a life-threatening situation. Antibiotics are an essential and beneficial tool for horses’ health, but think carefully before you reach for them. Ask yourself, does the potential harm they can do stack up against the benefits? Go here to read more on the study published in Equine Veterinary Journal: 042-3306.2012.00595.x/abstract n

Diarrhoea is often followed by laminitis. This major complication increases the risk of fatality, and treatment includes applying ice to the feet

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Horserail – the best solution to traditional fencing Horserail is the best solution to the problems generally associated with traditional timber post and rail, wire tape and braided rope. Horserail provides an injury free, maintenance free, stylish and affordable fencing system with a 30-year manufacturers warranty. During the 18 years Horserail has been on the market, there has not been one reported incidence of fence-related injury by our customers. In fact, many have let us know the Horserail system has been the difference between losing a valuable animal and not! We too often hear of horses suffering serious injury or fatalities from wire, tape or timber fencing. With Horserail you are guaranteed optimum safety. The unique construction of Horserail gives strength and flexibility. The rail itself contains 3 strands of high tensile wire which has been tested to a breaking strain of 1.8 tonne, with no sharp corners or rough edges on the rail or its attachments. If a horse runs into the fence it will simply bounce back off it. Similarly, if a horse puts its leg through the rail, Horserail will not break, wrap or

burn the horse’s body in any way. Our rail is made from medium density polyethylene, which is the highest quality plastic available and is UV stable; it will not

discolor or become brittle when exposed to even the most extreme weather conditions. It also contains a mould inhibitor, preventing unsightly green growth and all attachments are galvanized to prevent rusting. Horserail also has the option to be electrified, giving you additional security. Having this extra component built in means not only do you save on the cost of installing an additional fencing system but also also have added peace of mind. Because of the way Horserail has been developed, the electric current will never break down, even after years of use and testing weather conditions. Horserail is available in 3 colors: black, brown and white. It is extremely versatile and can be used in a variety of applications such as paddocks, lunging rings, gallops, arenas and horse walkers. For more information and assistance, please contact us directly on UK Free Phone 08082344766 or Ireland 058 68205. Alternatively email us at or visit our website at

Equilume™ – lighting the way in the equine industry An exciting and innovative new product is currently being rolled out across the Northern and Southern Hemisphere’s Thoroughbred racing and breeding industry. Equilume, an Irish-based company, is poised to become the world leader in the research and development of light therapy solutions to assist the global horse industry maximise reproductive efficiency and performance. The Equilume Light Mask is a breakthrough product developed from novel research conducted at University College Dublin by Dr. Barbara Anne Murphy and Professor John Sheridan. It is an automated headpiece for horses that provides the optimum level of blue light

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to a single eye to successfully advance the breeding season but with other important applications for trainers. The universal birth date for Thoroughbreds of January 1st poses a number of significant problems for breeders, including difficulty ensuring mares are reproductively active early in the year, prolonged gestation lengths and reduced average foal birth weights. The Equilume Light Mask has been scientifically shown to advance the reproductively active period of the mare as effectively as standard indoor lighting regimes. An ideal application is for use on maiden mares in their final months of training to kickstart their reproductive activity before beginning a stud career. For pregnant mares, it prevents prolonged gestation lengths and increases average foal birth weights. An additional response to the light treatment is the early shedding of the winter coat, a desirable consequence for many performance and sales animals. In fact, a recent scientific study conducted by the JRA revealed that an extended light regime early in the year

increases muscle mass in Thoroughbred colts. Dr Murphy’s early research on circadian rhythms in horses suggests that the light mask will also benefit traveling racehorses by preventing jet lag effects on performance. Studies will soon be underway to further validate this application. The mask itself fits comfortably under the headcollar and provides low intensity blue light to the horse’s right eye. It is completely labour free and once activated at 4pm between Nov 15th and Dec 1st, will come on automatically each day at dusk and stay lighting until 11pm. Rigorous testing of the durability and reliability of the light mask have been conducted on farms across three continents over the last two seasons. The EquilumeTM Light mask was officially launched in the Southern Hemisphere in June and is currently on the market here in Europe. Detailed information on the product, the research, the trials and testimonials from users can be found online at


Be sure – EquiChek it Checking a horse for health status includes the use of blood testing which, up until now, required the samples to be sent to a lab. Not anymore. A new horse side test launched in early 2013 can help vets and trainers check health status without the need for lab analysis. The test, EquiChek, is the world’s first horse side blood test that can be used by any vet, trainer or owner at anytime, anywhere. The beauty of the test is that it can help detect problems that could be incubating in a horse, for example an active infection, or to help confirm a diagnostic suspicion, enabling immediate assessment of inflammatory health condition which could seriously impact on equine health or performance. EquiChek provides a quick, simple and convenient way to assess a horse’s inflammatory status, avoiding the delay and cost associated with sending a sample to a lab. Detection of inflammation is one of the first indications of infection or other underlying condition that can affect a horse’s health and performance. The test detects a protein in blood, Serum Amyloid A, that occurs at very low levels where a horse is healthy but which increases significantly in the blood where there is an active infection or other inflammatory condition. It is easy to use, requiring just a small drop of blood and no laboratory equipment, giving results in as little as 2-3 minutes. EquiChek is equally useful for monitoring recovery, where antibiotics or other anti-inflammatory treatments have been given. EquiChek was developed initially for vets but trainers have found it equally useful, especially before an event when they want reassurance that there is no underlying condition that could affect performance. Irish trainer Michael Halford has been using the test as a support tool and has found it very useful where a horse was not working to full potential or where he felt something was not quite right. In Michael’s words “EquiChek gives me peace of mind that a horse is OK, and where it isn’t, it’s a red flag there is a problem”. Sending a horse to any event incurs a range of costs but if the horse is not in the right condition, this can be money lost. “EquiCheking” it in the run up to race day can help the trainer save money. The patented test is the brain child of Kieran Walshe who set up Accuplex Diagnostics in 2011 to develop and bring such tests to market. While some vets and horse owners have good access to laboratories, many vets do not and may have to wait anywhere from 24-96 hours to get a result, at which time the condition may well have deteriorated. Walshe saw this as a gap in the market and decided to see if he could address this. “The idea has been there for a long time, the challenge was to make it work. Making a test that was user friendly was not difficult; overcoming the technical issues to make it simple and easy to use, and still give a reliable result, needed a little more thought. We knew we had something that would be useful from talking with vets and trainers”. EquiChek can be used to check health status prior to an event or as a

biosecurity tool where horses are moved from one location to another, where preventing spread of infection might be a concern, but is not limited to these situations. Walshe, who has developed several lab products for Serum Amyloid A in the past along with a range of other tests, always thought a horse side test would be the first in a range of tests. Walshe says, “The concept of horse side testing is not new but we are the first to make it happen in a way that vets or trainers can run a test when it matters, where it matters: horse side”. EquiChek was launched in early 2013 in the UK, more recently in Ireland, with vets and trainers. In some cases vets who previously sent blood samples to commercial service providers have now opted for the speed, convenience and cost effectiveness of the EquiChek-SAA test. Sales have also recently started in the US and Canada but Walshe believes the potential for use of the test is global. A big breakthrough came when Accuplex Diagnostics collaborated with a US equine association who used the test for assessing equine health. While trials are still on going, the results are very encouraging and the test is expected to achieve routine use in the near future. In addition, the test has been used by the Gluck Equine Research Centre in Lexington, Kentucky, where it has proved very useful in such areas as assessing foal health status and monitoring broodmares for infection. The company is still at a very early stage of growth and recently set up operation in National University of Ireland, Maynooth, located in Co.Kildare in Ireland. “We have plans to expand sales of the EquiChek test as well as introduce a range of other tests for use in the wider veterinary sector. We hope to launch a version of the test specifically for cats in the next few months, and we will follow on with a third test for use in the equine sector within 12 months” says Walshe. Information is available on the website which is currently being re-developed for re-launch early September 2013. For sales or any further information, Kieran can be contacted at and/or @ +353 87 2823555.

ISSUE 43 73


Technology used as a professional aid to training Technology to measure race horse performance (to scientific standards) has been in the industry for some 10 years and, as with all innovations, has developed with both easy to use and impressive functionality. A horse’s speed, heart rate, stride length, and sectional timings can be measured with confidence from the start of its training session, through warm up and at full speed gallop, accurately measuring (at all stages) the horses performance, the information being transferred in real time directly to a PC for detailed analysis. In the post event analysis, the whole training session can be replayed with location, speed and HR displayed at second intervals. The resultant information is both powerful and impressive and is shown in summary displays similar to the one shown above: While summary information is captured to the left of the screen, the standout graph (in red and blue) displays the relationship between heart rate, speed and session times. It is this graph that is principally used to identify whether a horse has overall potential or lacks the characteristics for success, is working to its potential, or whether there are injury or illness problems. Recent developments also allow stride length to be measured and graphed showing key variances from day to day and horse to horse. Just as importantly, a horse’s illness, injury or other issue can be identified, usually evidenced by an elevated heart rate, reduced peak speed, reduced stride length or extended recovery. As an example, a horse performed exceptional sectionals during training but then had a very poor recovery. Because the trainer had captured and recorded key information, the vet scoped the horse and found a throat infection. Another occasion recorded a horse that usually jogged with a 100 bpm heart rate, jogged on another day at 140 bpm and was found to have knee chips. From the fitness point of view, if the horse is having poor recoveries during training it may suggest not to advance their training as quickly as the trainer had intended, thereby potentially saving the horse from extra stress. The opposite also occurs; exceptional recoveries allow the trainer to advance the horse more quickly, thereby not wasting valuable training sessions. Better recoveries than average can also mean the horse is most likely to be talented.

74 ISSUE 43

Over time and with a collection of information, a horse’s performance can be trended, compared and benchmarked to establish a detailed profile of its training history and how it compares to its peers giving the trainer a ‘window’ into the horse’s fitness and capacity levels. After 10 years and over thousands of readings, clear profiles for successful horses have emerged and are used to both benchmark horse performance and also assist in the management of stable operations with the identification of non performing horses for elimination. Periodic public concerns over racehorse treatment, injury rates and ‘fitness to race’ attract wide publicity. Use of this technology to further professionalise horse management, document training history for audit purposes, and then produced as evidence to the authorities would contribute to improving industry image and standards. One performance measurement tool available to the industry is the E-trakka system provided by the Australian company Equitronics Pty Ltd. For the second year in a row, when Ocean Park won the Australian $3 million Cox Plate last year, E-Trakka had collated and assisted training decisions providing valuable heart rate, speed and stride length information. Similar data captured the previous year also assisted Pinker Pinker’s Cox Plate victory in the same race. For more information on E-Trakka contact CEO of Equatronics, Andrew Stuart on + 61 8 9315 4570 or visit


STAKES SCHEDULES 2013 RACES Races are divided by distance and the relevant surface is indicated as follows: AWT - All Weather Track D - Dirt T - Turf European counties covered in this issue are: Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Sweden and United Kingdom. The indexes also include Grade 1 races from North America as well as major races from Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia. Races highlighted in purple indicate the race is a Breeders’ Cup win and you’re in race.

closing dates for Listed races but we have been advised to set race closing dates ten days in advance of the race.

COPYRIGHT Under Copyright law, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means. This includes but not limited to; photocopying for commercial redistribution and or facsimile recording without the prior permission of the copyright holder, application for which should be addressed to the publisher.


CLOSING DATES Closing dates for all Irish races are set for domestic entry dates. Please check International entry dates with the relevant issue of The Racing Calendar. The Italian authority (UNIRE) do not publish

Whilst every effort has been made to publish correct information, the publishers will not be held liable for any omission, mistake or change to the races listed in all published indexes.

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 Country GB GB FR ITY GB GB GB FR ITY ITY IRE FR

Track Doncaster Doncaster Longchamp Rome Ayr Ascot Ascot Longchamp Milan Milan Dundalk Longchamp

Race Name & (Sponsor) Scarbrough St Flying Childers St (Polypipe) Petit Couvert (Qatar) Divino Amore Harry Rosebery St Rous (Macquarie Group) Cornwallis St (Jaguar Xj) Prix de l’Abbaye de Longchamp (Qatar) Cancelli Premio Omenoni Mercury St Criterium de Vitesse



World Trophy (Dubai Airport)

Breeders Cup

Class L Gp 2 Gp 3 L L L Gp 3 Gp 1 L Gp 3 L L

Race Date 11-Sep-13 13-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 20-Sep-13 05-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 20-Oct-13 25-Oct-13 27-Oct-13

5f (1000m)

Value £40,000 £70,000 €80,000 €41,800 £30,000 £37,000 £37,000 €350,000 €41,800 €61,600 €40,000 €55,000

Age 2+ 2 3+ 2 2 3+ 2 2+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 2



Surface Metres T 1000 T 1000 T 1000 T 1000 T 1000 T 1000 T 1000 T 1000 T 1000 T 1000 AWT 1000 T 1000

Visit Gp 3


Chantilly Keeneland Belmont Park Chantilly Belmont Park Keeneland

Arenberg Woodford Pilgrim St Bonneval Miss Grillo St Buffalo Trace Franklin County


Taby Galopp

Taby Open Sprint

Juv Turf Juv F Turf

Gp 3 Gr 3 Gr 3 L Gr 3 L

10-Sep-13 05-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 07-Oct-13 07-Oct-13 11-Oct-13



€80,000 $150,000 $150,000 €52,000 $150,000 $100,000

2 3+ 2 3+ 2F 3+ F&M


1100 1100 1100 1100 1100 1100

SEK 400,000




Curragh Salisbury Kempton Park Haydock Park York Milan Hanshin Curragh Ayr Newmarket Belmont Park Curragh Milan Nakayama Keeneland Redcar Newmarket Ascot Keeneland Santa Anita York Newmarket Woodbine Curragh Doncaster Rome Newmarket

Go and Go Round Tower St Dick Poole St (EBF) Sirenia St (Betfred Bonus King) Sprint Cup (Betfred) Garrowby Eupili Centaur St Renaissance St Firth of Clyde St (Laundry Cottage Stud) Cheveley Park St Vosburgh Invitational Blenheim St Criterium Nazionale Sprinters St Stoll Keenon Ogden Phoenix Two-Year-Old Trophy Boadicea St (EBF) Bengough St (John Guest) Thoroughbred Club of America S The Santa Anita Sprint Championship (Ancient Title S) (Prov race date) Rockingham ( Middle Park St (Emaar) Nearctic S Waterford Testimonial St Doncaster Ubaldo Pandolfi Bosra Sham St (EBF)



F&M Sprint Sprint

Turf Sprint

Gp 3 L Gp 3 Gp 1 L L Gr 2 Gp 3 Gp 3 Gp 1 Gr 1 L L Gr 1 Gr 3 L L Gp 3 Gr 2 Gr 1 L Gp 1 Gr 1 L L L L

01-Sep-13 05-Sep-13 07-Sep-13 07-Sep-13 08-Sep-13 08-Sep-13 08-Sep-13 14-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 27-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 04-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 12-Oct-13 12-Oct-13 13-Oct-13 13-Oct-13 26-Oct-13 27-Oct-13 01-Nov-13

19-Sep-13 21-Oct-13 18-Oct-13



5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5

28-Aug-13 18-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 30-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 25-Sep-13

5.75f (1150m)


14-Sep-13 30-Sep-13 30-Sep-13 28-Aug-13

5.5f (1100m)

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Closing 05-Sep-13 07-Sep-13 28-Aug-13

5.15f (1030m) T

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore FR USA USA FR USA USA

Furlongs 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5



6f (1200m) €52,500 £35,000 £40,000 £250,000 £37,000 €41,800 $1,433,000 €57,500 £50,000 £170,000 $400,000 €40,000 €41,800 $2,470,000 $200,000 £150,000 £40,000 £70,000 $200,000 $250,000 £45,000 £170,000 CAN300,000+ €40,000 £25,500 €41,800 £30,000

2 2F 2 3+ 3+ 2F 3+ 3+ 2F 2F 3+ 2 2 3+ 3+ 2 3+ F&M 3+ 3+ F&M 3+ 2 2C 3+ 3+ 2 2F 2F


1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200

6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

27-Aug-13 30-Aug-13 02-Sep-13 09-Jul-13 02-Sep-13 30-Jul-13 07-Aug-13 16-Sep-13 23-Jul-13 14-Sep-13 24-Sep-13 13-Aug-13 18-Sep-13 30-Sep-13 30-Sep-13 30-Sep-13 18-Sep-13 TBA 07-Oct-13 30-Jul-13 25-Sep-13 08-Oct-13 21-Oct-13 26-Oct-13

ISSUE 43 75

STAKES SCHEDULES Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore Country USA FR FR GB ITY GB FR FR ITY

Track Santa Anita Maisons-Laffitte Maisons-Laffitte Doncaster Rome Lingfield Park Fontainebleau Fontainebleau Siracusa

Race Name & (Sponsor) XpressBet Breeders’ Cup Sprint (GI) Criterium de Maisons-Laffitte Seine-et-Oise Wentworth St (Betfred) Premio Carlo & Francesco Aloisi (Ex Umbria) Golden Rose St Contessina Zeddaan Criterium Aretuseo



Mill Reef St (Dubai Duty Free)

Breeders Cup

Class Gr1 Gp 2 Gp 3 L Gp 3 L L L L

Race Date 02-Nov-13 05-Nov-13 05-Nov-13 09-Nov-13 10-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 21-Nov-13 21-Nov-13 08-Dec-13

6f (1200m) Value $1,500,000 €190,000 €80,000 £37,000 €61,600 £37,000 €52,000 €55,000 €41,800

Age 3+ 2 3+ 3+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 2 2F

Surface Metres D 1200 T 1200 T 1200 T 1200 T 1200 AWT 1200 T 1200 T 1200 T 1200

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 Gp 2



Santa Anita

Breeders’ Cup Turf Sprint

Gr 1


Munich Maisons-Laffitte Santa Anita

Bayerischer Fliegerpris Saraca Breeders’ Cup Turf Sprint (GI)


Curragh Saratoga Saratoga Del Mar Longchamp Longchamp Doncaster Doncaster Doncaster Doncaster Curragh Newbury Newmarket Newmarket Curragh Cologne Redcar Ascot Longchamp Longchamp Chantilly Dundalk Newmarket Newmarket Newmarket Longchamp Keeneland Newbury Newbury Leopardstown Kyoto Hannover Hannover Milan Santa Anita Leopardstown Santa Anita Santa Anita Maisons-Laffitte Tokyo Fontainebleau Hanshin

Moyglare Stud St Spinaway St Three Chimneys Hopeful St Del Mar Futurity Pin La Rochette Sceptre St (JRA) Flying Scotsman Champagne St Park St Vincent O’Brien National St Cup (Dubai Duty Free) Somerville St (Tattersall) Oh So Sharp St (Sakhee) Park St (CL Weld) Kolner Herbst Preis Guisborough St October St (Miles & Morrison) Prix de la Foret (Qatar) Prix Jean-Luc Lagardere-Grand Criterium Herod Star Appeal EBF St Rockfel St (Vision.Ae) Challenge St Dewhurst St Saint-Cyr Lexus Raven Run Radley St Horris Hill St (Worthington Highfield Social Club) Killavullan St Mainichi Broadcast Swan St Neue Bult Youngster Cup Neue Bult Stuten Sprint-Preis Premio Chiusura Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Sprint (GI) Knockaire St Breeders’ Cup Sprint Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Sprint Miesque Keio Hai Nisai St Ceres Hanshin Cup



Concorde St (Coolmore Stud Home of Champions)


Rome Cologne Rome Milan Milan Rome Pisa Deauville Deauville

Repubbliche Marinare Winterkonigin Trial Rumon V. Riva (ex del Dado) Coolmore Criterium Femminile Criterium di Pisa Luthier Miss Satamixa


Chantilly Toulouse Haydock Park Haydock Park Leopardstown

La Cochere Prix Millkom Ascendant St (Betfred) Superior Mile ICON BC Juv Turf Trial (Golden Fleece St)




15-Sep-13 20-Sep-13 02-Nov-13





€20,000 €55,000 $1,000,000

3+ 2 3+


1300 1300 1300

Mile Juv Turf

Gp 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gp 3 Gp 3 Gp 3 L Gp 2 Gp 2 Gp 1 L Gp 3 Gp 3 Gp 3 L L L Gp 1 Gp 1 L L Gp 2 Gp 2 Gp 1 L Gr 2 L Gp 3 Gp 3 Gr 2 L L Gp 3 Gr1 L Gr 1 Gr 1 Gp 3 Gr 2 L Gr 2

01-Sep-13 01-Sep-13 02-Sep-13 04-Sep-13 08-Sep-13 08-Sep-13 12-Sep-13 13-Sep-13 14-Sep-13 14-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 20-Sep-13 26-Sep-13 27-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 03-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 07-Oct-13 11-Oct-13 12-Oct-13 12-Oct-13 12-Oct-13 16-Oct-13 19-Oct-13 26-Oct-13 26-Oct-13 26-Oct-13 26-Oct-13 27-Oct-13 27-Oct-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 05-Nov-13 09-Nov-13 21-Nov-13 23-Dec-13

2F 2F 2 2 3+ 2 3+ F 2 2 C&G 3+ 2 CF 3+ 2 C&G 2F 2F 3+ 3+ 3+ F&M 3+ 2 CF 2 2 2F 3+ 2 C&F 3F 3F 2F 2 C&G 2 3+ 2F 3+F 2+ 3+ F&M 3+ 3+ 3+ FM 2F 2 3F 3+


1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400 1400




€41,800 €20,000 €41,800 €41,800 €41,800 €41,800 €41,800 €52,000 €52,000

2F 2F 2C 2C 2F 2F 2 3+ 3+


1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500

€55,000 €55,000 £25,500 £60,000 €60,000

3F 3 2 3+ 2


1600 1600 1600 1600 1600

€225,000 $300,000 $300,000 $300,000 €80,000 €80,000 £60,000 £25,500 £75,000 £100,000 €200,000 £37,000 £40,000 £40,000 €55,000 €20,000 £40,000 £37,000 €300,000 €350,000 €55,000 €47,500 £60,000 £100,000 350000 €55,000 $250,000 £23,000 £37,000 €47,500 $1,433,000 €20,000 €20,000 €61,600 $1,000,000 €40,000 $1,500,000 $1,000,000 €80,000 $931,000 €55,000 $1,687,000


15-Sep-13 22-Sep-13 22-Sep-13 22-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 03-Nov-13 08-Dec-13 14-Dec-13 29-Dec-13

76 ISSUE 43

Juv Turf

04-Sep-13 07-Sep-13 07-Sep-13 07-Sep-13 07-Sep-13

6.5 6.5 6.5

03-Sep-13 12-Sep-13 22-Oct-13

7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7

29-May-13 17-Aug-13 17-Aug-13 07-Jun-13 21-Sep-13 21-Aug-13 06-Sep-13 07-Sep-13 23-Jul-13 23-Jul-13 29-May-13 14-Sep-13 20-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 24-Sep-13 24-Sep-13 30-Sep-13 30-Sep-13 28-Aug-13 28-Aug-12 30-Sep-13 07-Oct-13 07-Oct-13 17-Sep-13 30-Jul-13 08-Oct-13 02-Oct-13 19-Oct-13 21-Oct-13 21-Oct-13 10-Sep-13 15-Oct-13 15-Oct-13 03-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 29-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 16-Oct-13 24-Sep-13 13-Nov-13 05-Nov-13



7.5f (1500m)

Visit L L L Gp 3 Gp 3


7.4f (1490m) €65,000

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 L L L L L L L L L


7f (1400m)

Visit Gp 3


6.5f (1300m)

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 Juv F Turf


6.25f (1250m)

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore L L Gr1

Closing 22-Oct-13 16-Oct-13 16-Oct-13 04-Nov-13 10-Oct-13 11-Nov-13 13-Nov-13 13-Nov-13

6.05f (1210m) 2

Visit USA

Furlongs 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.5


8f (1600m) 8 8 8 8 8

27-Aug-13 30-Aug-13 02-Sep-13 02-Sep-13


Track Leopardstown Hannover Milan Veliefendi Chantilly Doncaster Woodbine Woodbine Longchamp Dusseldorf Munich Curragh Curragh Taby Galopp Sandown Park Longchamp Cologne Lyon-Parilly Saint-Cloud Newmarket Newmarket Newmarket Newmarket Newmarket Belmont Park Curragh Milan Milan Longchamp Kyoto Keeneland Keeneland Belmont Park Belmont Park Longchamp Chantilly Saint-Cloud Newmarket Cologne Munich Munich Curragh Milan Zarzuela Ascot Cork Tokyo Baden-Baden Naas Milan Milan Pontefract Deauville Nantes Doncaster Lingfield Park Saint-Cloud Saint-Cloud Dundalk Santa Anita Newmarket Newmarket Tokyo Santa Anita Santa Anita Santa Anita Santa Anita Rome Santa Anita Santa Anita Santa Anita Compiegne Chantilly Tokyo Toulouse Kyoto Chantilly Chantilly Kempton Park Aqueduct Siracusa Hanshin

Race Name & (Sponsor) Matron St (Coolmore Fusaichi Pegasus) Grosser Preis der Metallbau Burckhardt GmbH Bessero Pietro International Topkapi Trophy Aumale May Hill St (Barrett Steel) Natalma S Ricoh Woodbine Mile Prix du Moulin de Longchamp Junioren-Preis Grosse Europa-Meile Flame of Tara EBF St Solonaway (Moyglare Stud) Nickes Minneslopning Fortune St Chenes Kolner Stutenpreis Criterium de Lyon Coronation Rosemary (Mawatheeq) Joel St (Nayef) Fillies’ Mile (Shadwell) Royal Lodge St (Juddmonte) Sun Chariot St (Kingdom of Bahrain) Kelso H’cap Beresford St (Juddmonte) Premio Sergio Cumani Premio Vittorio di Capua Prix Daniel Wildenstein (Qatar) Daily Hai Nisai St First Lady S Shadwell Turf Mile Frizette St Foxwoods Champagne Prix Marcel Boussac (Total) Ranelagh Thomas Bryon Autumn St Weidenpescher Stutenpreis Winterfavoriten Preis des Winterfavoriten Silken Glider (Staffordstown) St Gran Criterium Gran Premio de la Hispanidad Queen Elizabeth II St (Quipco) Navigation St Saudi Arabia Royal Cup Fuji St Winterkonigon Garnet EBF St Premio Dormello Del Piazzale Silver Tankard St (totepool) Reservoirs (Haras d’Etreham) Sablonnets Trophy (Racing Post) Fleur de Lys St (EBF) Perth Criterium International Cooley EBF St Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies Turf (GI) Ben Marshall St (Novae Bloodstock) Montrose St (EBF) Artemis S Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies Turf Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Turf (GI) Breeders’ Cup Mile (GI) Breeders’ Cup Dirt Mile (GI) Premio Ribot Breeders’ Cup Dirt Mile Breeders’ Cup Mile Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Turf Isola-Bella Prix Isola Bella Tokyo Chunichi Sports Hai Musashino St Criterium du Languedoc Mile Championship Tantieme Isonomy Hyde St Cigar Mile H’cap Criterium Mediterraneo (ex Ippodromi e Citta) Hanshin Juvenile Fillies

Breeders Cup

Juv F Turf Mile

Juv Turf Dirt Mile

Mile Juv F Juv

Class Gp 1 L L Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 2 Gr 2 Gr 1 Gp 1 L Gp 3 L Gp 3 L L Gp 3 L L L L Gp 2 Gp 1 Gp 2 Gp 1 Gr 2 Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 1 Gp 2 Gr 2 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gp 1 L Gp 3 Gp 3 L Gp 3 Gp 3 L Gp 1 L Gp 1 L Gr 3 Gp 3 L Gp 3 Gp 3 L Gp 3 L Gp 1 L Gp 3 Gp 1 L Gr1 L L Gr 1 Gr1 Gr1 Gr1 Gp 2 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 L L Gr 3 L Gr 1 L L L Gr 1 L Gr 1

Race Date 07-Sep-13 08-Sep-13 08-Sep-13 08-Sep-13 10-Sep-13 13-Sep-13 14-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 18-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 22-Sep-13 26-Sep-13 27-Sep-13 27-Sep-13 27-Sep-13 27-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 05-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 10-Oct-13 10-Oct-13 12-Oct-13 13-Oct-13 13-Oct-13 13-Oct-13 13-Oct-13 13-Oct-13 13-Oct-13 19-Oct-13 19-Oct-13 19-Oct-13 20-Oct-13 20-Oct-13 20-Oct-13 20-Oct-13 21-Oct-13 23-Oct-13 26-Oct-13 26-Oct-13 31-Oct-13 01-Nov-13 01-Nov-13 01-Nov-13 01-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 04-Nov-13 04-Nov-13 10-Nov-13 11-Nov-13 17-Nov-13 19-Nov-13 19-Nov-13 20-Nov-13 30-Nov-13 08-Dec-13 08-Dec-13

Value €190,000 €20,000 €41,800 €459,000 €80,000 £70,000 CAN200,000+ CAN1,000,000+ €450,000 €20,000 €55,000 €50,000 €57,500 SEK 400,000 £37,000 €80,000 €20,000 €55,000 €55,000 £37,000 £100,000 £170,000 £100,000 £160,000 $400,000 €95,000 €61,600 €209,000 €200,000 $931,000 $400,000 $750,000 $400,000 $400,000 €300,000 €52,000 €80,000 £40,000 €20,000 €155,000 €155,000 €42,500 €209,000 €45,900 £1,000,000 €40,000 $985,000 €105,000 €50,000 €88,000 €61,600 £40,000 €80,000 €55,000 £200,000 £37,000 €80,000 €250,000 €50,000 $1,000,000 £37,000 £30,000 $725,000 $1,000,000 $1,000,000 $2,000,000 $1,000,000 €104,500 $1,000,000 $2,000,000 $1,000,000 €52,000 €52,000 $911,000 €55,000 $2,600,000 €52,000 €55,000 £40,000 $400,000 €41,800 $1,687,000

8f (1600m) Age Surface Metres 3+ F T 1600 3+F T 1600 3+ F&M T 1600 3+ C&F T 1600 2F T 1600 2F T 1600 2F T 1600 3+ T 1600 3 + CF T 1600 2 T 1600 3+ T 1600 2F T 1600 3+ T 1600 3+ D 1600 3+ T 1600 2 CG T 1600 3+ F T 1600 2 T 1600 3F T 1600 3+ T 1600 3+ T 1600 2F T 1600 2 C&G T 1600 3+ F T 1600 3+ D 1600 2 T 1600 3+ F T 1600 3+ T 1600 3+ T 1600 2 T 1600 3+ F&M T 1600 3+ T 1600 2F D 1600 2 D 1600 2F T 1600 3+ T 1600 2 T 1600 2 T 1600 3+ F T 1600 2 T 1600 2 T 1600 2F T 1600 2 C&F T 1600 3+ T 1600 3+ T 1600 3+ T 1600 3+ T 1600 2F T 1600 3+ F&M T 1600 2F T 1600 3+ T 1600 2 T 1600 2F T 1600 2 T 1600 2 C&F T 1600 3+ F&M AWT 1600 3+ T 1600 2 CF T 1600 3+ F&M AWT 1600 2F T 1600 3+ T 1600 2F T 1600 2F T 1600 2F T 1600 2 C&G T 1600 3+ T 1600 3+ D 1600 3+ T 1600 3+ D 1600 3+ T 1600 2 CG T 1600 3+ F T 1600 3+ T 1600 3+ D 1600 2 T 1600 3+ T 1600 3+ T 1600 2 T 1600 3+ AWT 1600 3+ D 1600 2 T 1600 2F T 1600

Furlongs 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

Closing 03-Jul-13 27-Aug-13 31-Jul-13 28-Aug-13 07-Sep-13 28-Aug-13 28-Aug-13 28-Aug-13 03-Sep-13 23-Jul-13 10-Sep-13 07-Aug-13 19-Aug-13 12-Sep-13 04-Sep-13 10-Sep-13 18-Sep-13 19-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 03-Sep-13 23-Jul-13 23-Jul-13 23-Jul-13 14-Sep-13 21-Aug-13 29-Aug-13 29-Aug-13 28-Aug-13 27-Aug-13 18-Sep-13 18-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 28-Aug-13 03-Oct-13 25-Oct-13 07-Oct-13 01-Oct-13 05-Feb-13 CLOSED 08-Oct-13 12-Sep-13 05-Sep-13 06-Oct-13 14-Oct-13 10-Sep-13 CLOSED 15-Oct-13 19-Sep-13 15-Oct-13 09-Oct-13 18-Oct-13 13-Aug-13 25-Oct-13 16-Oct-13 16-Oct-13 28-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 28-Oct-13 28-Oct-13 24-Sep-13 22-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 03-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 28-Oct-13 24-Sep-13 04-Nov-13 01-Oct-13 12-Nov-13 12-Nov-13 14-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 22-Oct-13

ISSUE 43 77

STAKES SCHEDULES Visit Country Track JPN Nakayama

Race Name & (Sponsor) Asahi Hai Futurity St

Breeders Cup


Craon Craon

Criterium de l’Ouest Point du Jour


Churchill Downs Churchill Downs Parx Racing Santa Anita Santa Anita Santa Anita Keeneland Keeneland Dusseldorf Keeneland Keeneland Keeneland Santa Anita Santa Anita Santa Anita Krefeld Santa Anita

Pocahontas St Iroquois St Cotillion St The Frontrunner Stakes (Norfolk Stakes) (Prov race date) The Zenyatta St (Lady’s Secret) (Prov race date) The Chandelier St (Oak Leaf S) (Prov race date) Darley Alcibiades S Dixiana Breeders’ Futurity Landeshauptstadt Dusseldorf Bourbon S JP Morgan Chase Jessamine S Pin Oak Valley View Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies (GI) Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies Breeders’ Cup Juvenile (GI) Herzog von Ratibor-Rennen Breeders’ Cup Juvenile

Class Gr 1

Race Date 15-Dec-13

8f (1600m) Value $1,832,000

Age Surface Metres 2 No G T 1600

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 L L

09-Sep-13 23-Sep-13

€55,000 €52,000

8.32f (1650m) 2 3+


1650 1650

2F 2 3F 2 3+ F&M 2F 2F 2 3+ 2 2F 3F 2F 2F 2 C&G 2 2 CG


1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700 1700

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore Juv F Juv Juv F&M Classic Juv F Juv F Juv Juv Turf Juv F Turf

Gr 2 Gr 3 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gp 3 Gr 3 Gr 3 Gr 3 Gr1 Gr 1 Gr1 Gp 3 Gr 1

07-Sep-13 07-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 04-Oct-13 05-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 09-Oct-13 18-Oct-13 01-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 03-Nov-13

Baden-Baden Curragh Belmont Park Woodbine Hanshin Longchamp Goodwood Santa Anita Belmont Park Milan Belmont Park Tokyo Keeneland Maisons-Laffitte Newmarket Keeneland Tokyo Longchamp Longchamp Baden-Baden Keeneland Rome Santa Anita Milan Santa Anita Leopardstown Marseille Borely Tokyo Hanshin Hanshin

Berenberg Bank Cup Dance Design St Garden City St Canadian S Kansai Telecasting Corp Sho Rose St Automne - FEE Foundation St The Awesome Again St (Goodwood St) (Prov race date) Beldame Invitational M.Se Ippolito Fassati Jamaica H’cap Mainichi Okan Juddmonte Spinster S Le Fabuleux Darley St Queen Elizabeth II Challenge Cup S (by invitation only) Fuchu Himba St Casimir Delamarre Conde Defi du Galop Fayette S Premio Guido Berardelli Breeders’ Cup Ladies’ Classic (GI) Campobello Breeders’ Cup Ladies’ Classic Eyrefield St Delahante Tokyo Sports Hai Nisai St Japan Cup Dirt Asahi Challenge Cup

F&M Turf

Classic F&M Classic

F&M Classic

L Gp 3 Gr 1 Gr 2 Gr 2 L L Gr 1 Gr 1 L Gr 1 Gr 2 Gr 1 L Gp 3 Gr 1 Gr 2 L Gp 3 L Gr 2 Gp 3 Gr1 L Gr 1 L L Gr 3 Gr 1 Gr 3

01-Sep-13 01-Sep-13 14-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 25-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 05-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 08-Oct-13 12-Oct-13 12-Oct-13 14-Oct-13 20-Oct-13 20-Oct-13 20-Oct-13 26-Oct-13 01-Nov-13 01-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 10-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 01-Dec-13 07-Dec-13

Gowran Park

Denny Cordell Lavarack & Lanwades Stud Fillies St

Gp 3


€20,000 €67,500 $300,000 CAN300,000+ $1,306,000 €128,000 £40,000 $250,000 $400,000 €41,800 $400,000 $1,560,000 $500,000 €55,000 £55,000 $400,000 $1,324,000 €55,000 €80,000 €20,000 $150,000 €88,000 $2,000,000 €41,800 $2,000,000 €37,500 €55,000 $834,000 $3,392,000 $1,040,000

3+F 3+ F 3F 3+ F&M 3F 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ F&M 3 3 3+ 3+ F&M 3 3+ 3F 3+ FM 3F 2 3+ 3+ 2 3+ F&M 2 3+ FM 2 2 2 3+ 3+


1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800

Bordeaux Deauville Deauville

Grand Criterium de Bordeaux Lyphard Petite Etoile



Taby Galopp Longchamp Taby Galopp

Lanwades Stud St Prix Dollar (Qatar) Stockholm Fillies And Mares St

09-Oct-13 03-Dec-13 03-Dec-13


3+ F



15-Sep-13 05-Oct-13 13-Oct-13

€55,000 €52,000 €55,000

2 3+ 3F


1900 1900 1900

SEK 400,000 €200,000 SEK 400,000

3-5 F&M 3+ 3+F&M


1950 1950 1950

Longchamp Marseille Borely

Boulogne Coupe de Marseille

78 ISSUE 43


01-Sep-13 06-Sep-13

9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9

09-Jul-13 24-Jul-13 31-Aug-13 28-Aug-13 30-Jul-13 13-Sep-13 19-Sep-13 TBA 14-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 27-Aug-13 18-Sep-13 30-Sep-13 07-Oct-13 27-Aug-13 11-Oct-13 02-Oct-13 08-Oct-13 09-Oct-13 03-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 22-Oct-12 29-Oct-13 01-Nov-13 08-Oct-13 08-Oct-13 22-Oct-13



9.5 9.5 9.5


9.5f (1950m)

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore FR FR

TBA TBA 06-Jul-13 TBA TBA TBA 18-Sep-13 18-Sep-13 13-Aug-13 18-Sep-13 25-Sep-13 02-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 13-Aug-13 22-Oct-13

9.5f (1900m)

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 L Gp 2 L

8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5

9.4f (1890m)

Visit FR FR FR

02-Sep-13 16-Sep-13

9f (1800m)

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore IRE

8.32 8.32

8.5f (1700m) $150,000 $150,000 $1,000,000 $250,000 $250,000 $250,000 $400,000 $400,000 €55,000 $150,000 $150,000 $150,000 $2,000,000 $2,000,000 $2,000,000 €55,000 $2,000,000


Furlongs Closing 8 05-Nov-13

9.5 9.5 9.5

19-Aug-13 28-Aug-13 16-Sep-13

10f (2000m) €52,000 €55,000

4+ 3


2000 2000

10 10

23-Aug-13 29-Aug-13


Track Toulouse Leopardstown Leopardstown Curragh Yarmouth Maisons-Laffitte Longchamp Ayr Hanshin Santa Anita Belmont Park Belmont Park Rome Chantilly Hoppegarten Hoppegarten Longchamp Saint-Cloud Munich Milan Taby Galopp

Race Name & (Sponsor) Occitanie Kilternan St Irish Champion St (Red Mills) Blandford St (Moyglare Stud) John Musker (EBF) La Coupe de Maisons-Laffitte Prince d’Orange Doonside Cup ( Sirius St Rodeo Drive St Jockey Club Gold Cup Invitational St Flower Bowl Invitational St Archidamia Charles Laffitte 21st Westminster Deutschen Einheit Deutschen Einheit Prix de l’Opera (Longines) Dahlia Nereide-Rennen Premio Verziere (Memorial A. Cirla) Songline Classic

Breeders Cup


Dundalk Ascot Leopardstown Woodbine Rome Rome Tokyo Santa Anita Newmarket Santa Anita Santa Anita Rome Santa Anita Saint-Cloud Saint-Cloud Doncaster Marseille Borely Frankfurt Rome Lingfield Park Fukushima Chukyo Lingfield Park Hanshin

Carlingford St Champion (Quipco) Trigo St E P Taylor S Conte Felice Scheibler Premio Lydia Tesio Tenno Sho (Autumn) Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Turf (GI) James Seymour Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Turf Breeders’ Cup Classic (GI) Premier Roma Breeders’ Cup Classic Solitude Criterium de Saint-Cloud Gillies St (EBF) Grand Prix de Marseille Hessen-Pokal G, Valiani (ex Buontalenta) Churchill St Fukushima Kinen Kinko Sho Quebec St Radio Nikkei Hai Nisai St


Longchamp Strasbourg Dundalk Saint-Cloud Le Croise-Laroche Croise-Laroche Toulouse

Liancourt Grand Prix de la Region d’Alsace Diamond St Flore Grand Prix du Nord Grand Prix du Nord Fille de l’Air


Nakayama Newbury Milan Nakayama Hannover Rome Newmarket Hannover Kyoto Dresden

RF Radio Nippon Sho St Lite Kinen Arc Trial (Dubai Duty Free) Premio Federico Tesio Sankei Sho All Comers Herbst Stuten-Preis Villa Borghese Memorial F. Cadoni Pride (TRM) Neue Bult Stuten-Steher-Cup Queen Elizabeth II Commemorative Cup Grosser Dresdner Herbstpreis





F&M Turf Classic F&M Turf

F&M Turf

10f (2000m)

Class L Gp 3 Gp 1 Gp 2 L Gp 3 Gp 3 L Gr 3 Gr 1 Gr 1 Gr 1 L L Gp 3 Gp 3 Gp 1 L L Gp 3 L

Race Date 07-Sep-13 07-Sep-13 07-Sep-13 14-Sep-13 18-Sep-13 20-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 02-Oct-13 03-Oct-13 03-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 10-Oct-13 13-Oct-13 13-Oct-13 13-Oct-13

Value €55,000 €57,500 €750,000 €100,000 £40,000 €80,000 €80,000 £50,000 $911,000 $1,000,000 $600,000 €41,800 €55,000 €85,000 €85,000 €400,000 €48,000 €20,000 €61,600 SEK 400,000

Age Surface Metres 3F T 2000 3+ T 2000 3+ T 2000 3+ F T 2000 3+ F&M T 2000 3+ T 2000 3 T 2000 3+ T 2000 3+ D 2000 3+ FM T 2000 3+ D 2000 3+ F&M T 2000 3+ F T 2000 3F T 2000 3+ T 2000 3+ T 2000 3+ F T 2000 4+ F T 2000 3+ F T 2000 3+ F T 2000 3+ D 2000

L Gp 1 L Gr 1 L Gp 1 Gr 1 Gr1 L Gr 1 Gr1 Gp 1 Gr 1 L Gp 1 L L Gp 3 L L Gr 3 Gr 2 L Gr 3

18-Oct-13 19-Oct-13 26-Oct-13 27-Oct-13 27-Oct-13 27-Oct-13 27-Oct-13 01-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 09-Nov-13 09-Nov-13 09-Nov-13 10-Nov-13 10-Nov-13 10-Nov-13 16-Nov-13 17-Nov-13 30-Nov-13 21-Dec-13 21-Dec-13

€40,000 £1,300,000 €40,000 CAN500,000 €41,800 €209,000 $3,437,000 $2,000,000 £37,000 $2,000,000 $5,000,000 €209,000 $5,000,000 €55,000 €250,000 £37,000 €60,000 €55,000 €41,800 £37,000 $1,040,000 $1,560,000 £37,000 $834,000

3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ F&M 3 3+ F 3+ 3+ F&M 3+ 3+ FM 3+ 3+ 3+ 3F 2 CF 3+ F&M 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 2


2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000

3F 3+ 3+ 3+ F 3 3 3+ F


2100 2100 2100 2100 2100 2100 2100

3 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+F 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ FM 3+


2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200 2200




Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore L L Gp 3 Gp 3 L L Gp 3

01-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 04-Oct-13 29-Oct-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 11-Nov-13

16-Sep-13 21-Sep-13 22-Sep-13 22-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 05-Oct-13 27-Oct-13 10-Nov-13 20-Nov-13

$1,354,000 £60,000 €104,500 $1,560,000 €55,000 €41,800 £37,000 €20,000 $2,352,000 €20,000



Francesco Faraci



Longines Grosser Preis von Baden Kincsem díj Bosphorus Cup


Gp 1 L Gp 2

01-Sep-13 01-Sep-13 08-Sep-13

26-Sep-13 10-Sep-13 22-Oct-13 28-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 03-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 01-Nov-13 24-Oct-13 04-Nov-13 01-Nov-13 06-Nov-13 11-Nov-13 09-Oct-12 22-Oct-13 16-Dec-13 05-Nov-13

10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5 10.5

23-Aug-13 20-Sep-13 28-Aug-13 09-Oct-13 25-Oct-13 25-Oct-13 23-Oct-13

11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11

30-Jul-13 16-Sep-13 22-Aug-13 13-Aug-13 06-Aug-13 30-Sep-13 15-Oct-13 01-Oct-13 12-Nov-13


11.5f (2300m) €41,800






2400 2400 2400

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 GER Baden-Baden HUNGARY Kincsem Park TKY Veliefendi

14-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 21-Oct-13 09-Oct-13

11.25f (2250m) €41,800

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore ITY

10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

24-Sep-13 06-Aug-13 06-Aug-13 28-Aug-13 02-Oct-13 03-Sep-13 12-Sep-13 16-Sep-13

11f (2200m)

Visit L

Closing 30-Aug-13 31-Jul-13 22-May-13 07-Aug-13 12-Sep-13 04-Sep-13 04-Sep-13 16-Sep-13 13-Aug-13 24-Aug-13 14-Sep-13 14-Sep-13

10.5f (2100m) €55,000 €52,000 €57,500 €80,000 €55,000 €55,000 €80,000

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 Gr 2 Gp 3 Gp 2 Gr 2 Gp 3 L L L Gr 1 L

Furlongs 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

€250,000 7.4 million HUF €306,000


12f (2400m) 3+ C&F

12 12 12

11-Jun-13 31-Jul-13

ISSUE 43 79


Track Craon Galway Saint Cloud Chester Woodbine Longchamp Longchamp Longchamp Taby Galopp Saint-Cloud Listowel Saint-Cloud Cologne Hanshin Newmarket Jagersro Newmarket Belmont Park Ascot Longchamp Kyoto Toulouse Curragh Keeneland Longchamp Baden-Baden Milan Keeneland Nantes Newbury Woodbine Zarzuela Milan Santa Anita Santa Anita Kempton Park Lyon-Parilly Tokyo Kempton Park Toulouse

Race Name & (Sponsor) Grand Prix de Craon Oyster St Tourelles Stand Cup (Star Sports) Northern Dancer BC Turf Prix du Niel (Qatar) Prix Foy (Qatar) Prix Vermeille (Qatar) Stockholm Cup International Joubert Listowel Turenne Preis von Europa Kobe Shimbun Hai Princess Royal Richard Hambro (EBF) Skanska Faltrittklubbens Jubileumslopning Godolphin Joe Hirsch Turf Classic Invitational St Cumberland Lodge St (Grosvenor Casinos) Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe (Qatar) Kyoto Daishoten Panacee Finale St Sycamore Conseil de Paris Baden-Wurttemberg-Trophy Gran Premio del Jockey Club e Coppa d’Oro Rood & Riddle Dowager Grand Prix de la Ville de Nantes St Simon St (Worthington’s Champion Shield) Pattison Canadian International Gran Premio Memorial Duque de Toledo Falck G. Breeders’ Cup Turf (GI) Breeders’ Cup Turf Floodlit St Grand Camp Japan Cup Wild Flower St Max Sicard


Longchamp Deauville Tokyo Saint Cloud Nakayama

Prix Royallieu (Qatar) Vulcain Copa Republica Argentina Belle de Nuit Arima Kinen (The Grand Prix)

Breeders Cup


Class L L L L Gr 1 Gp 2 Gp 2 Gp 1 Gp 3 L L L Gp 1 Gr 2 L L L Gr 1 Gp 3 Gp 1 Gr 2 L L Gr 3 Gp 2 Gp 3 Gp 1 L L Gp 3 Gr 1 L L Gr1 Gr 1 L L Gr 1 L L

Race Date 09-Sep-13 09-Sep-13 10-Sep-13 14-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 16-Sep-13 18-Sep-13 19-Sep-13 22-Sep-13 22-Sep-13 26-Sep-13 26-Sep-13 27-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 05-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 06-Oct-13 11-Oct-13 13-Oct-13 17-Oct-13 20-Oct-13 20-Oct-13 20-Oct-13 20-Oct-13 26-Oct-13 26-Oct-13 27-Oct-13 27-Oct-13 02-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 03-Nov-13 06-Nov-13 15-Nov-13 24-Nov-13 27-Nov-13 08-Dec-13

12f (2400m) Value €52,000 €50,000 €52,000 £40,000 CAN300,000+ €130,000 €130,000 €350,000 SEK 1,000,000 €55,000 €42,500 €55,000 €155,000 $1,354,000 £37,000 SEK 400,000 £37,000 $600,000 £60,000 €4,000,000 $1,560,000 €52,000 €40,000 $100,000 €130,000 €55,000 €209,000 $125,000 €60,000 £60,000 CAN1,000,000 €56,100 €41,800 $3,000,000 $3,000,000 £37,000 €52,000 $6,512,000 £37,000 €60,000

Age Surface Metres 3+ T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ F&M T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ T 2400 3 CF T 2400 4+ CF T 2400 3+ F T 2400 3+ T 2400 3F T 2400 3+ T 2400 3 C&G T 2400 3+ T 2400 3 No G T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ D 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ CF T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ F&M T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ F&M T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ F T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ AWT 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ T 2400 3+ AWT 2400 3+ T 2400

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore Gp 2 L Gr 2 L Gr 1

05-Oct-13 23-Oct-13 03-Nov-13 14-Nov-13 22-Dec-13

Lingfield Park

River Eden St (EBF)



3+ F 3 3+ 3+ F 3+


2500 2500 2500 2500 2500

Deutsches St Leger Bratislava Oaks St Leger (Irish) Scaramouche Noel Murless (Keltbray) St Leger Italino Breeders’ Cup Marathon (GII) Breeders’ Cup Marathon Roma Vecchia


Park Hill St (DFS) St Leger (Ladbrokes)

Gp 3 L Gp 1 L L Gp 3 Gr2 Gr 2 L

08-Sep-13 08-Sep-13 15-Sep-13 04-Oct-13 04-Oct-13 26-Oct-13 01-Nov-13 02-Nov-13 10-Nov-13


3+ F&M


Gp 2 Gp 1

12-Sep-13 14-Sep-13


€55,000 €21,000 €220,000 €52,000 £37,000 €61,600 $500,000 $500,000 €41,800

£90,000 £600,000

3+ 3+ 3+ 3 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+


2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800 2800

3+ F 3 C&F


2920 2920

Longchamp Curragh Longchamp

Lutece Loughbrown St Prix Chaudenay (Qatar)

Gp 3 L Gp 2


Longchamp Longchamp Saint-Cloud

Gladiateur (Qatar) Prix Royal-Oak Denisy



Rose Bowl St


Doncaster Nakayama

Doncaster Cup (Stobart) Sports Nippon Sho Stayers St

08-Sep-13 29-Sep-13 05-Oct-13

15-Sep-13 28-Oct-13 14-Nov-13

€80,000 €40,000 €200,000

3 3 3


3000 3000 3000

€80,000 €250,000 €52,000

4+ 3+ 3+


3100 3100 3100






13-Sep-13 30-Nov-13

3+ 3+


3600 3600

£100,000 $1,560,000


Prix du Cadran (Qatar)

Gp 1



Prix du Conseil General de la Mayenne

80 ISSUE 43



16-Jul-13 22-May-13 26-Sep-13 28-Sep-13 26-Sep-13 22-Oct-13 22-Oct-13

14.6 14.6

06-Sep-13 23-Jul-13

15 15 15

21-Aug-13 24-Sep-13 28-Aug-13

15.5 15.5 15.5

28-Aug-13 09-Oct-13 06-Nov-13



18 18

07-Sep-12 22-Oct-13

20f (4000m) €300,000




Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore FR

14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14

18f (3600m)

Visit FR


16f (3200m)

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 Gp 2 Gr 2


15.5f (3100m)

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore L

28-Aug-13 15-Oct-13 24-Sep-13 06-Nov-13 05-Nov-13

15f (3000m)

Visit Gp 3 Gp 1 L

12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.5

14.6f (2920m)

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 FR IRE FR

22-Oct-13 22-Oct-13 31-Oct-13 07-Nov-13 08-Oct-13 21-Nov-13 29-Nov-13

14f (2800m)

Now available for iPhone/iPad via Appstore Doncaster Doncaster

09-Sep-13 28-Aug-13 28-Aug-13 28-Aug-13 28-Aug-13 19-Aug-13 09-Sep-13 12-Sep-13 11-Sep-13 02-Jul-13 13-Aug-13 20-Sep-13 26-Aug-13 21-Sep-13 14-Sep-13 30-Sep-13 15-May-13 27-Aug-13 03-Oct-13 08-Oct-13 02-Oct-13 02-Oct-13 27-Aug-13 19-Sep-13 02-Oct-13 18-Oct-13 21-Oct-13 09-Oct-13 05-Sep-13

13f (2600m)

Visit GER Dortmund SLOVAKIA Bratislava IRE Curragh FR Saint-Cloud GB Ascot ITY Milan USA Santa Anita USA Santa Anita ITY Rome

Closing 02-Sep-13 04-Sep-13

12.5f (2500m) €250,000 €55,000 $1,433,000 €52,000 $5,200,000

Call us on +44 (0)1380 816 777 to subscribe from £13 GB

Furlongs 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12



21f (4200m) €65,000






ISSUE 43 – AUTUMN 2013 £5.95




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European Trainer - Autumn 2013 - Issue 43  
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