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With the will to do it

Letter from the President

We are lining up for the final straight of our command with a totally different panorama from what existed a year ago. This is not only due to the current state of the LG-PRE-ANCCE Stud Book, the status of the projects that we outlined in our electoral manifestos or the atmosphere surrounding the association at the present time, but also to the current economic crisis that is having a strong effect on the world of the PRE. In the history of the PRE this is not the first time that a crisis has been mentioned, although the one that we are currently suffering has some added complications. There is maximum production, accompanied by a depression in the market that is not exclusive to Spain, which further complicates business within our sector due to the export component that has, in recent years, been a characteristic. Plus there is an exaggerated increase in the costs of production that reached its peak at the end of the spring and which, despite the subsequent decrease in cost of raw materials, have not returned to previous levels. Aware of these difficulties and as always with the criteria of prudence, we will maintain the PRE Promotion Plan with the intention of promoting their expansion and commercialization both within Spain and abroad. During these hard times, we must not turn our backs on the promotion of the PRE, but just the opposite, squeezing the maximum from our readiness to achieve the greatest number of actions at the smallest possible cost. The economic difficulties are not exclusive to the equine sector but rather they extend to the field in general, with a difference however. Equine production is not part of the Common Agricultural Policy so we are, therefore, an unprotected sector which only has access to marginal aid. However, it is not only a question of access to the CAP, something that is impossible nowadays, but the full recognition by the authorities with regards to the animal production of our breeding business and therefore making this comparable to all the other livestock sectors. By this, I mean a rate of VAT the same as that added to the sales of all other species of animals, access to the same aid in times of crisis or drought, to health programs that are free-of-charge, to direct grants within selection programs, etc. Neither is it just a question of grants. The breeder must face reality and must bear in mind something that we have been repeating for some time, quality rather than quantity. We must be very selective and demanding in what we breed. All of which will become part of history. The changes in the operation of the LG-PRE-ANCCE Stud Book have been very different and positive. As an example, 30,000 youngsters had been registered by the end of January, and 27,000 corresponding passports had been produced, the majority of these in 2007 and 2008. The remainder is principally for horses belonging to stud farms outside of Spain. There are gaps, and the fact that we recognize this, should be the incentive to maintain the effort that has been made during the last year to bring those services up-to-date that currently are not, and to carry out of the requests from any PRE breeder within the minimum time periods. The credibility and prestige of a Stud Book is in the reliability and the security that what is registered strictly

complies with the requirements established in the regulations by which it is governed, in all cases, and in the same way for everyone. This principle, which we fulfill and will continue to rigorously fulfill, will be reinforced by acquiring a quality certification that will standardize the performance procedures of the LG-PRE-ANCCE Stud Book, enabling its handling and the LG-PRE-ANCCE Stud Book to fulfill the ISO 9001 and ISO 17020 regulations, which will subject us to very exacting levels. The status of the various projects to which we committed, when we presented ourselves at the last ANCCE elections, have also changed. Thus we have finished the new Rules and Regulations for Conformation Competitions and the Draft of new Statutes for the Association, as well as the draft of the Regulations for the Stud Book are very advanced. The regulations for TQBs have been purified so that they are more suited to the reality of the sector and some proposals for the regulation of artificial methods of reproduction, along with the corresponding studies that endorse them, have been presented to the Ministry of Agriculture’s General Office of Agricultural Resources and Breeders. We hope the modifications that have been introduced, to rule and to judge the Conformation Competitions, will fulfill your expectations. A great deal of work has been put into these to ensure this, but the new Regulations will not be worth anything if there is no desire to apply them and this, I can guarantee, we will do to the utmost. The same will happen to finalize the remainder of the projects that we have started and that will redound in an improvement in the job of breeding, defining the rights, but also the duties towards the LG-PRE-ANCCE Stud Book by those who are in this business, being conscious that these are not exclusive to the breeders, but also include those people who collaborate with the LG-PRE-ANCCE Stud Book and who offer their services to the breeders. Nor will we lessen our zeal to ensure that a new framework is approved to regulate the associative activity according to the times in which we live. Our administration will continue to be presided over with transparency, as it always has been, without leaving aside the capacity to maneuver that the person heading up the association and their management team has to maintain. Above all, the desire and will to do it.

Javier Conde Cerrato President of ANCCE


+LVWRULDGHO35( LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT 1 LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 4 INTERVIEW 6 MANUEL NOVALES DE LA ESCALERA

NEWS

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THE FORUM

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Manuel Francisco Rosa de la Rosa Rafael Lemos

THE PRE PROFESSIONAL

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QUARZO

SPORTS

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EQUESTRIAN TRADES

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ESQUILADOR, UN OFICIO EN EL RECUERDO DE RUFO CASTELLÓ MADRID Y UNA AFICIÓN EN EL PRESENTE María Sáez

ANCCE REPORTS

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PRE HISTORY

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CONJETURAS Y REFUTACIONES: LA NECESIDAD DE CONOCER LA HISTORIA DEL CABALLO ESPAÑOL. LA DENOMINACIÓN DE NUESTRA RAZA Juan Carlos Atamirano

FROM THE ARCHIVES

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summary

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HISTORIC SIRES

ALTA ESCUELA CANTER PIROUETTES Alfonso Cuesta

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DAILY VETERINARY PRACTICE UTILIZACIÓN DE FACTORES DE CRECIMIENTO AUTÓLOGOS EN LA REGENERACIÓN DE TEJIDOS DEL CABALLO Marta Abad Collado

88 102

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INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS

STUD FARM (Publicity - Reports) Dehesa de Cabeza Rubia

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COMPETITIONS CALENDAR

LIST OF ANCCE BREEDERS

PRE

El Caballo Español Año XXXI Nº 190 Marzo - Abril 2009

MANUEL NOVALES Si somos capaces de conjugar y orientar la cría y selección de nuestros caballos con la buena formación de base, seguro que acabaremos viendo a cuatro ejemplares de P.R.E. en el Equipo Español

HISTORIA DEL PRE Se ha hecho creer que el Pura Raza Español y el Lusitano proceden de una raíz común

ANCCE INFORMA Aprobado el nuevo Reglamento de Concursos Morfológico – Funcionales

Asociación Nacional de Criadores de Caballos de Pura Raza Española

Cover Page: Yeguada Candau Photo: Carlos Núñez

El Caballo Español


Let ters to the editor

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JosĂŠ Antonio GarcĂ­a Mena riding Norte, owned by Yeguada Lovera

GRANTS I am writing to you by means of the magazine to congratulate ANCCE on one of the best thought out projects in the whole history of ANCCE. I refer to the grants that have been awarded to five PRE Horses so that they can continue their competitive careers. It is a really brilliant idea! I only wish that instead of there only being five grants, there were many more, this way a larger number of breeders would be able to benefit. However, I trust that in time, this project will continue to advance and increase in the number of grants available.

Although there are already detractors who, in one way or another, criticize the project, I would like to congratulate the association for their creative idea that is totally beneficial to the breeders, since economic aid can never be a bad thing, and even less so with the current economic downturn. Just wait and see how, like this project, many more will come up, which will help and promote the PRE. There is still a lot to do, but I believe that you are on the right track. Congratulations MarĂ­a Silva

Dialogue brings us closer to one another and enriches us. Experiences, stories, consultations, and opinions from all who support the Purebred Spanish Horse are good for us and are interesting to everyone. The magazine â&#x20AC;&#x153;El Caballo EspaĂąolâ&#x20AC;? trusts that this section, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Letters to the Editorâ&#x20AC;?, will be an interesting and useful means of communication with its readers. The letters to this section must be signed, with name, surname(s), ID and telephone number, and must not exceed 350 words. Send your letters for publication to: t1PTUBMBEESFTT3FWJTUBi&M$BCBMMP&TQBĂ&#x2014;PMw "/$$&$PSUJKPEF$VBSUP 7JFKP #FMMBWJTUBo4FWJMMB 4QBJO &TQBĂ&#x2014;B

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Legada de Millán, by Millán Herce

CONFORMATION COMPETITIONS This is not the first time that I have written; the previous time was to explain about the regrettable show I witnessed at a conformation competition (if it could be termed as such), and on this occasion I am writing about the same subject, although, now, with hope for the future. The season of conformation competitions has just begun, and I sincerely hope that at each and every one of them, the horse, although not the only protagonist, should be the main one, and that the organizing committees do everything necessary and essential for the well-being of the animals, whether in the stables or the competition arenas, both in hand and under saddle. Without horses, none of this would make sense and yet, instead of protecting them, it seems that we are determined to harm them. I know that ANCCE can do a lot in this regard; I would even dare to say that is its moral obligation. It is not enough to classify competitions into categories; even those of the lowest category must provide essentials so that the horses can perform their work without putting their health in danger or

ruining their quality as a horse and as a PRE, and that during their stay at the competition, their living conditions should be acceptable. Do you not believe that it is now time to put an end to the pebble filled areas used as a warm-up arena (when there is one) or to competition arenas that have more sand than a beach in Punta Umbria or are harder than the tarmac on the A92 (Expressway), full of holes or bumps, while the competition canteen is in excellent “health”. Do you not believe that everyone, enthusiasts, professionals, judges, organizations, associations, etc., should focus their efforts towards enlarging and dignifying the image of the PRE, both in Spain and in the rest of the world, an image that has already deteriorated quite a lot in some sectors and places? Please, let us think of the horses ahead of any individual interests, ahead of any other consideration that is not intrinsic to the animal itself that both concerns us and makes sense of what we do. The PRE should not be an excuse; it should be an objective, an aim. Thank you. Raúl González

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Manuel Novales de la Escalera

,17(59,(:

by JosĂŠ A. Fdez. Lineros

I believe we have to improve wherever possible and to motivate the participating riders, trainers, organizing committees, and judges

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On 5th November, Javier Revuelta, President of the Royal Equestrian Federation of Spain named the members of the Board of Directors. Among the appointments to the various commissions, the Dressage Commission included an ANCCE Breeder, Manuel Novales de la Escalera, who is also a Member of the ANCCE Executive Committee

Were you surprised that the Federation chose you to keep improving this discipline. I believe that the objective is none other than to improve wherever for this task? Well, if the truth be told, at first, yes. I received a call possible and to motivate the participating riders, from Rosin Fradera to tell me that they wanted me on trainers, organizing committees, judges, etc. to the new R.F.H.E. Dressage Commission, for which I am increasingly improve their quality. Are you aware that all PRE enthusiasts and breeders, very grateful. I carefully thought about the fact that it would be the first time in the history of the Federation who enjoy dressage, expect some changes in favor of that an ANCCE breeder would be included. I saw this the PRE with regards to this discipline? Of course I am. I believe that we have a road to as an opportunity for us breeders to be able to express our concerns, and to work positively for the P.R.E in travel and some ideas to encourage the proliferation Dressage, thus contributing to its consolidation and of the PRE in dressage. I also think it would be a very future within this beautiful discipline, which I believe, good idea for both enthusiasts and breeders to is one of the most important commercial tools that the send me ideas or suggestions which, should they be constructive and applicable, I will be delighted to PRE has. Did you think about it much or did you say yes propose to the Commission for their study. Have you thought of a strategy, some sort of plan for straight away? To start with, I thought about it for two reasons. the PRE to achieve a greater presence in the world of Firstly, because I did not know whether I would be Dressage? Yes. Everything has to be based on a good basic able to do it, due to the question of time, what with my work, my dedication to ANCCE as a member of preparation of the horse and to help breeders and the Committee and to ASAJA—Asociación Agraria riders with economic grants, clinics, a good calendar, Jóvenes Agricultores (Young Farmers Agricultural minimum requirements for the arena, etc. These will Association) as a Provincial Representative. Secondly, ensure that PRE horses receive good training and I was not completely convinced that I was the most complete their competitive life because, unfortunately, suitable person, because there are certainly breeders there are many cases where horses with potential get with more experience. But I quickly thought that it stuck along the route for various reasons. ANCCE has was an opportunity that I had to take advantage of in fact already taken some measures in this direction, as a breeder to help defend the interests of the P.R.E and in this case, the most important thing is that breeders must become aware of in this discipline. I appreciated the the selection of their horses. fact that the Federation offered me We have a road to the opportunity to help ensure that In addition to your work on the relationships with ANCCE would Dressage Commission, will you travel and some ideas be smoother, and thus go handserve as a pivotal link between to encourage the in-hand. Therefore, my answer was ANCCE and the Federation? proliferation of the PRE in yes. As I am a part of this Commission, logically, I am committed to working What, exactly, is the job of the dressage. and contributing all I can so that this Dressage Commission? / I will try to propose the discipline becomes more and more It is responsible for studying, popular, and with higher standards, proposing and supporting this means, together with independently of whom or what discipline, not only to keep it the ANCCE Dressage breeds are participating. However, going, but is also growing, and it Commission, by which what is also true is that, with the is becoming increasingly popular and with higher standards. For this the P.R.E will increasingly same interest and along with the dressage commission, I will reason, it is essential to use all the become a protagonist in ANCCE try to propose the means by which imagination and tools possible,

this discipline

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The aim of our breeding, in my modest opinion, must be to produce a competition horse

the P.R.E will increasingly become a protagonist in this discipline Have you already talked to the President of ANCCE about this subject? What did he say? Shortly after I make my decision, the first thing that I did was to contact our President to tell him. In that conversation, we exchanged views about this subject, and we reached the conclusion that it was an important opportunity for the association, because the PRE will have a greater presence within the R.F.H.E. and what that brings with it. Do you believe that the future of the PRE is in competition? Without any doubt. I believe that it is the most important commercial tool for the PRE and where it must demonstrate that, apart from being unequalled for its beauty, it is a useful horse which is suitable for competition. And I do not mean only for dressage, but also for all the other disciplines, such as Carriage Driving, Doma Vaquera, Alta Escuela (High School), Show-Jumping, Eventing, etc. The aim of our breeding, in my modest opinion, must be to produce a competition horse. Due to this, we must guide our system of selection in that direction.

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Do you believe that, at some time, the Spanish Dressage team will be made up of four PRE horses? I have to believe that. The PRE representation within the National Team in recent years has been decisive and very positive. This leads me believe that, provided things go well, the PRE will continue to increase its presence. In what direction must we work to achieve this? I believe that if we are able to link and guide the breeding and selection of the PRE, with good basic training of our riders and trainers, along with a good circuit of competitions, we will definitely end up seeing four P.R.E. horses in the Spanish team. But for this, the Federation and ANCCE must work a great deal, and very hard. At this point, I would like to thank the Federation, and especially Rosin Fradera, for the confidence that they have in me. The members making up the Commission are very well-known people who are extremely knowledgeable in the field of dressage in Spain. They are well aware of what is lacking, and they are working very hard to make this discipline greater. Thank you very much, and the best of luck in your new position.

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+LVWRULDGHO35( EL CABALLO ESPAÑOL The PRE horse magazine since 1978

Edited by: Asociación Nacional de Criadores de Caballos de Pura Raza Española (ANCCE) Cortijo de Cuarto (Viejo) 41014 SEVILLA Telephone: +34 954 68 92 60, Fax: +34 954 69 03 27 www.ancce.com revista@ancce.com Editor-in-Chief: Javier Conde Cerrato Editorial Committee: Comisión de Comunicación de la ANCCE Editor: José A. Fdez Lineros lineros.doma@hotmail.com revista@ancce.com Technical Coordinator: Inmaculada Rodríguez prensa@ancce.com

ANGELIKA TRABERT, PARALYMPIC ATHLETE, SILVER MEDAL WINNER IN DRESSAGE AT BEIJING 2008 VISITED THE YEGUADA DE LA CARTUJA – HIERRO DEL BOCADO The paralympic athlete, Angelika Trabert, visited the Yeguada de la Cartuja – Hierro del Bocado, performing a dressage presentation with PRE horses of Cartuja lines. Angelika Trabert, who was born with no legs, is currently a rider with the German Paralympic Dressage team. She has participated in numerous international competitions since 1991: 4 Paralympic Games, 4 World Championships and 2 European Championships.

Throughout her career, she has won eleven silver and one gold medal. Last summer she took the silver medal at the 2008 Beijing Paralympic Games. Since the 2006 Atlanta Olympics, she has represented athletes on the International Paralympic Committee, with regards to equestrian disciplines. She created the Web-site for athletes with disabilities, within the equestrian world, sponsored by the FEI: www. para-equestrian.info

Angelika Trabert riding Animoso XXXI, owned by Yeguada de la Cartuja – Hierro del Bocado

Columnist: Jaime Molina, Manuel González and Jacobo Rojo Secretaries: Ana Luque and Inmaculada Segura Publicity: Alejandro Sánchez +34 954 689 260 comercial@ancce.com Photos: Rafael Lemos, Manuel Vasco, Carlos Nuñez Design and Set up: Editorial Maratania www.maratania.es maratania@maratania.es Translations: Yreva Arobed SL traducciones@yrevaarobed.com Photo mechanics and Printing: J. de Haro Artes Gráficas, S.L. www.jdeharo.com jdeharo@jdeharo.com Legal Registration Code: SE-186-1980 © All rights reserved. No part of this magazine, including its contents, texts, graphics and photographs, whether in English or Spanish, may be reproduced by any means without specific written permission from the publishers. El Caballo Español is not responsible for the opinions expressed by its collaborators in the articles published.

News El Caballo Español


GOVERNMENT OF CANTABRIA WILL SUPPORT PRE BREEDERS

Urdiales, owned by Yeguada SeĂąorĂ­o de Bariain

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The Regional Ministry of Rural Development, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries and Biodiversity for the Government of Cantabria will support the Regional PRE Breedersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Association by holding a Tribunal for Qualified Breeding Stock. Regional Minister Jesus Oria highlighted the importance of this event, since it will enable the PRE breed in Cantabria to improve. Following a meeting with Ă lvaro Muguruza and Pedro Luis GutiĂŠrrez, respectively the President and Director General of ESPACAN, the Regional Minister stated that his department will support the celebration of a Tribunal for Qualified Breeding Stock in Cantabria, as well as the tenth edition of the National Competition for PRE Horses, that will take place at El Ferial of Torrelavega from 11th to 14th of July. Muguruza esteemed the meeting very positively, due to the fact that the Regional Ministry is well aware of the future of equine breeding in Cantabria.

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COURSE ON CONFORMATION AND FUNCTIONALITY. JOINT INJURIES AND THEIR SURGICAL TREATMENT The Official College of Veterinarians of Zamora, within the framework of Continuous Training it carries out, has scheduled the “First Course on Conformation and Functionality. Joint injuries and their surgical treatment”, which will take place in Zamora, from 16th to 18th April 2009. The agenda of the Course consists of one theoretical and one practical part and it is divided into two blocks: The 16th will be centered on the ConformationFunctional Evaluation of the PRE and Dressage, with Rafael Ortiz Alcalá-Zamora teaching both the theoretical and practical parts. On 17th and 18th, the topics will be about joint injuries and their surgical treatment, which will be taught by Dr. Manuel Novales Durán and Dr. Miguel Valdés Vázquez. With this content, the Course is basically aimed at veterinarians and veterinary science students, although the topics covered on the first day will be open to other professionals interested in equines.

EQUITANA 2009

The most important international equestrian fair in the world, EQUITANA, is held in Essen, Germany from 14th to 22nd of March. ANCCE will be present to promote the PRE, with a 40 square meter (10 x 4) stand in Pavilion 10/11-G22. EQUITANA, located at the Essen Fair complex at Norbertstraße in Essen, covers 90,000 m² with 16 pavilions. Every year, approximately 208,000 visitors travel there to attend this 9-day event, which is one of the Fairs with the most equestrian events. We will take two PRE Horses with us from Spain, GUSARAPO and BAILONGO, owned by ANCCE members. GUSARAPO took 2nd place in Dressage at SICAB 2008. He is owned by Yeguada El Moralejo and ridden by Cándido Tardío. BAILONGO took 2nd place in the 2008 Spanish Championships for Alta Escuela (Spanish High School), and is owned by Ganaderia Hermanos Maldonado Marrón and ridden by Antonio Maldonado. The horses will be on display each day, both in the central arena and in the arena in pavilion 10/11, where our stand will be.

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HORSE ARRIVES AT SCHOOLS IN UTRERA

Africano XXXIX, owned by Yeguada Ayala

The Utrera Municipal Office of Education, together with the Association of Equine Professionals and Enthusiasts of Utrera (EQUUS), has offered an activity called 'Horses at school' to the educational centers in town. The Town Council explained that the objective of the project was to enable school children from Utrera to learn the basic facts about horses, and see the contributions this animal has made, for the benefit of society, throughout history, right up to the present day with its use in competition and leisure activities. School children will listen to a speech at school about the basic characteristics of these animals, in addition to personal experiences and anecdotes to motivate them, but always based on active student participation. Students will then visit equestrian centers that are generously collaborating with this activity, specifically the Equestrian Center of Palo Blanco, that of JosĂŠ Bernal and the Utrera PRE Stud Farm of Yeguada Ayala, where the students will acquire hands-onexperience. The idea is to learn about the world of horses through a series of visits to equestrian centers during the course of a morning. The activity focuses on fifth and sixth grade children as well as middle school students. Each visit is planned for a maximum of 30 students and is completely free of charge.

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PICTORIAL EXHIBITION ABOUT THE HORSE IN MADRID ‘The horse in art' was the title of the exhibition open at the Alcion Art Gallery of Madrid until the 31st of January, 2009. On display, was the fascination for equestrian beauty shown by such great artists as Delacroix, Degas and Carreño de Miranda. Alcion presented a sample made up of current replicas, painted by hand and oil on canvas, of important paintings that represent the figure of the horse, from the Baroque examples up to the most recent, impressionist and modern styles. Court horses, equestrian scenes, equestrian hunts, and almost anatomical studies were some of the motives that could be contemplated when visiting this exhibition that was a tribute to artists such as Carreño de Miranda, Delacroix, Emms, Heywood, Cusachs, Daumier, Degas, Gauguin, Rousseau and Marc.

Victory of the Apostle James over the Moors, by Juan Carreño de Miranda

OBITUARY The wife of the Representative and Members’ Spokesperson, Manuel Fernández Jiménez, recently died. He owns Yeguada Valderas Fernández. We would like to offer Manuel, his daughters and the rest of their family all of our support at this time. Our most sincere condolences and best wishes go to them. May she rest in peace

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DOÑANA AGRICULTURAL AND COMMERCIAL FAIR SUCCESSFULLY CLOSED ITS FIRST YEAR

Not even the intermittent rain that fell from 23rd to 25th of January was able to take anything away from the success of the First Doñana Agricultural and Commercial Fair, or the enormous number of visitors to it. Despite the youth of a show with these characteristics, the event unfolded with enough impact and support that it should become a reference point in the province of Huelva. Specifically, the idea of the Fair was to transfer the essence of SICAB, in offering visitors the opportunity to see more than one hundred equines, all of them from a selection of the best PRE stallions and mares from the most prestigious stud farms in the provinces of Huelva and Extremadura. A sample of those on offer was gathered together in the scenario. There were equestrian shows of Dressage and doma vaquera, conformation presentations and all the enormous commercial transactions that are implicit at an event of this character. In addition, the 20th Agricultural Workshop was part of the program, as well as the free course organized by the University of Huelva which added to the content of the event. This section enjoys a large numbers of visitors and exceeded all expectations.

MANUEL CARVAJAL AND MERCEDES GONZÁLEZ CORT CLINIC IN ANDUJAR An Equitation Clinic was held last month, from the 6th to 8th February, in the facilities of Yeguada Urquijo, in Andújar. There were two excellent instructors, Manuel Carvajal Román and Mercedes González Cort. Each day of the clinic there was a theoretical part, open discussion, video projection and analysis, a group meal and practical classes. The clinic was organized by Ángel Calzado, Agustín Marmol and José Mª Castro, owner of Yeguada Urquijo. A total of seven horses and riders and nineteen observers took part.

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FIRST JUDGES-RIDERS SEMINAR IN DRESSAGE

Miguel Jordá teaching the Dressage seminar

The First seminar for judges, riders and trainers, organized by the Equestrian Federation of Castile-La Mancha, took place on Saturday, January 31st, at the Asocaman-PRE facilities in Talavera de la Reina. The seminar was given by Miguel Jordá Forteza, who is a top Grand Prix rider, a trainer and a National "A" Judge. He was therefore able to evaluate each exercise, the various aspects from each point of view and justify the scores associated with each of the exercises carried out. The experience was very interesting because, although at first there were discrepancies between some groups, an agreement was generally reached, each one justifying their score, depending on the criteria. The Castilia-La Mancha Federation greatly appreciates the willingness shown by Asocaman-PRE and their generous collaboration with regards to this

seminar. Likewise, the Castile-La Mancha TV must be thanked for the interest shown in the promotion of this sport. The Dressage committee would like to hold an annual refresher course for judges. This year, it will be given by the International Judge, Francisco Guerra, at Yeguada San José. Several clinics for riders would be held, as well as the preparation for the Spanish National Championships for future team members that may arise from the competitions to represent this Region. For this, we already have three CDNs for Youths in Castilla-La Mancha, two in Toledo and one in Cuenca, and a CDI in Toledo that will also be the base for the Spanish Championships for Youth. With regards to competitions for Adults in this Region, we hold 4 CDNs***, two in Toledo, one in Cuenca and the last in Albacete.

SEPE REQUESTS HELP AS IT IS FACED WITH ABANDONED HORSES The Spanish Society for the Protection of Equines (SEPE) requests collaboration to face the expected increase in abandoned horses, mules and donkeys. The organization requires monetary contributions, “even if this is only donating five euros a month”. Official statement from the SEPE: Like the majority of animal welfare organizations we suffer financially from the lack of monetary aid to offer any type of emergency service for the police, such as we have carried out over the years. It is due to this that we need to reduce our monthly expenses to the minimum but are forced to offer hope to the largest possible number of animals, looking for an appropriate home for them. Given the current economic situation, we foresee that, with so many people out of work, more horses, mules and donkeys will be abandoned due to a lack of funds, and they will need our help and support. It is a morally tragic

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situation that these animals could die from hunger because of a lack of money, or abandonment. However, we lack financial support from the public administrations which unfortunately means we can only rescue the number of animals that our private income allows us to maintain. It is currently impossible to continue helping such a large number of animals with no financial support. The animals continue to arrive and it is almost certain that the number abandoned equines will increase. It is due to this that we need collaboration from people who share this concern, and who would like to support our work with monetary contributions, even if this is only a donation of five euros a month.

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YEGUADA DE LA CARTUJA TRAINS PROFESSIONALS FOR EQUESTRIAN WORLD

Since June 2008, Yeguada de la Cartuja has, under its social utility policies and with the support of the Ministry of Employment of the Andalusian Regional Government and the European Social Fund, played host to Yeguada de la Cartuja â&#x20AC;&#x201C;Hierro del Bocado Occupational Work-Shop at their facilities. The Occupational Work-Shop will be run on the regulations of the Ministry of Employment, specifically the Order dated May 11th 2007, by which programs promoting employability, and the culture of the quality in employment, are regulated and the regulations established for the concession of public grants to these programs. It is a 12 month course, finishing next June. There are 28 young people up to 25 years of age on the course, 50% of them are women.

It consists of three modules, stable hand, stud assistant and carriage driving assistant. The objective of the Occupational Work-Shop is the training of workers who specialize and are available to work directly in a riding school, stable yard or equestrian breeding operation. Their participation at SICAB, within the Job Placement Plan, was not only very fruitful, with regards to work contacts, but was also very valid for up-dating and adapting the training to the real necessities of the market and the practical evaluation of the working students.

Workshop

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4,000 PEOPLE GATHER FOR SHOW BY ROYAL ANDALUSIAN SCHOOL OF EQUESTRIAN ART IN THE PLAZA MAYOR, MADRID The Ministry of Tourism, Commerce and Sports, in collaboration with Fitur, organized five presentations of the equestrian ballet: ‘How Andalusian horses dance'. 4,000 people gathered to watch the exhibition, 'How the Andalusian horses dance', performed by The Royal Andalusian School of Equestrian Art (REAAE), held in the Plaza Mayor in Madrid, coinciding with the 29th International of Tourism Fair (Fitur). This exhibition, sponsored by the Ministry of Tourism, Commerce and Sport, runs until the first of February. The Minister, Luciano Alonso, who introduced the show, alongside the Mayor of Jerez, Pilar Sánchez, talked about the work of the REAAE as "one of the best ambassadors of Andalusia", both from the cultural point of view and from the point of view of tourist promotion for the destination, with performances that

have taken it, in recent years, to the major cities of Spain and Europe. The Minister highlighted these performances by the school, which are taking place for the fourth consecutive year in one of the most representative places in Madrid. The presence of the Royal School in the capital of Spain reinforces the promotion being carried out by the Andalusian Government, both inside and outside the IFEMA Convention Center, where this year it has presented an exhibition of more than 6,700 square meters. The Andalusian Government offered the entire range of tourism possibilities found in the region and has launched an international communication campaign with the creative title of ‘Andalusia loves you'.

Horses from the REAAE in their Show in the Plaza Mayor of Madrid

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7+()2580 1

The Forum

Manuel Francisco Rosa de la Rosa

INNOVATION IN SHOEING

In the 21st Century, thanks to the various scientific disciplines under veterinary study, including anatomy, biomechanics and locomotion, innovation and improvement, can now be applied to the systems of farriery which have been based on traditional and low cost methods.

I

nitially, what was a hand made product, and perhaps even made to measure, underwent major changes with the industrial revolution. At that time, horseshoes were produced with only cost saving in mind, leaving aside their application or their effect on the horse. Thus, the shoeing system was disappearing, little by little, as was the horseshoe that protected the sole and provided more support to the structure of all equines and which, in addition, respected their natural balance. Today, the innovative systems of farriery are the result of in depth studies and investigations, aimed at the problems caused by the contemporary systems. The system is specifically designed to minimize interference with the hooves and to increase the freedom of movement. The idea of it is to:                  the third phalange.                           

    ligaments and structures in the limb. Because contemporary systems do not offer total support to the sole of the hoof, the ligaments of the hoof suffer stress, since their natural point of support is displaced.

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The principal and known advantages of a system of innovative farriery are as follows: 1. An improvement in the posture of the horse and its rest, 2. The relief of bone and muscle problems, 3. The prevention of injuries caused by an incorrect support, and, 4. The lengthening of the useful life of the horse.

Stress to a ligament

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CELTIC ORIGINS

Rim shoe

1100 AD

GUILDHALL SHOE, 1300 AD

1500 AD

TONGUE SHOE, 1700 AD

RIM SHOE, 1800 AD

Cytek hoof

Directly related problems include laminitis, navicular disease, tendonitis, sand cracks, contracted heels, knuckling over, bruises to the sole, overreaches, and back injuries. It must be stressed that all this also affects in cost savings when it comes to treatment or special care for the horse, which may not be necessary. Nevertheless, the introduction of new farriery systems in the equine world

will depend a great deal on countries with an equine tradition, such as Spain, adopting their use, because they have been, and they will be, a reference for the recreational equine business. Therefore, we, the professionals, farriers, veterinarians and owners, are responsible to ensure that, little by little, farriery be borne in mind as a key pillar for the good health of the horse. Professional Trainer and Farrier

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2

The Forum

Rafael Lemos

WE WILL SURVIVE Rafael Lemos with Yaco X, owned by Hacienda María

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John Morris said that Spain is a country of horses ranging from the spoiled beauties of the Sevilla (April) Fair, to the tired and suffering old nags that still toil in the outskirts of Spanish cities with their carts. Spain and horses have always gone hand in hand. Spaniards love and understand horses. This inability to separate man from the horse is reflected in the fact that in the Spanish language there is no difference between a gentleman who rides a horse, a gentleman in the gallant sense, and a gentleman who in medieval times was referred to as a noble. For all these meanings only the word “caballero” is used. This I would have liked to have been, a “caballero”, but these days this is completely impossible because this sense of honor, respect for others and tradition, has become lost. I remember having visited stud farms which had lost these values and the symbiosis with this medium that is so Spanish. I, myself, have had to hog the mares, shear the youngsters and, of course, pull out one or another stallion without even knowing who the owner was. These owners who, by doing nothing, failed to even bothering to appear, thus demonstrating their lack of love and respect for tradition. However, this crisis will sift and put everyone in their place. I can only thank, humbly and from the bottom of my heart, all the friends and breeders who have believed in me and supported me during these really difficult times. I want to offer my support and help to all those who love this world and who represent a culture and the basis of the economy of the countryside which we must take very much into account at the moment. Take heart, just as we survived the African Horse Sickness, if we band together, and with God’s help, we will get out of this terrible moral and economic crisis.

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T HE M A L L

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7KH35(3URIHVVLRQDO This sections is to tell the story of the many PRE horses, both in Spain and abroad, that have undertaken a specific activity and that have been most outstanding in a field thanks to their dedication. Some will have been renown athlets that have reached the highest levels in competitive sports, while others, may very well be a horse that is dedicated to saddle work with children and who cares for them, or perhaps a mare that now, complies with her daily field work, or that pulls a carriage that shows tourists the wonders of the city. If you know of a PRE that could be the bases for a story in this section, please contact us by phone at +34-954-689-260 or e-mail at: revista@ancce.com or prensa@ancce.com.

Interview with CAROLA HELLSTEDT, owner of QUARZO

Did you purchase Quarzo in Spain? Who was his breeder? Yes, I purchased him in Spain. His breeder was Cristina Euwens Hansen. When Vicente and I were in SICAB the first time we met a woman outside standing outside of his box who was looking at Quarzo. She told us that she had been Cristina’s best friend. This lady knew Quarzo’s mother from sight and told us that she was a large mare with a beautiful head; in other words, Quarzo reminded this lady of his mother Lotus. Sadly, we lost touch with her. I asked her if she might have a photo lying around back home and could send it to me or Vicente. It would have been interesting to see. She also informed us that Cristina had passed away in cancer.

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What attracted you most to Quarzo so that you purchased him? What struck me about Quarzo the first time I saw him was his sense of presence, his nobility, his vibrating energy under his cool and calm way of being. His silky glossy dark Castaña coat in so many nuances of colour impressed me. Also, his height, his strong back, his powerful hind quarters as well as his top-line pleased me. His movements showed great potential, especially his trot and canter. When I saw Quarzo’s beautiful head and expressive eyes I wanted to add him to my collection. Tell us a bit about Quarzo, his origins, the trip to your farm, how you found him, etc.

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Quarzo has several good bloodlines behind him; the most famous must be “AGENTE” from Yeguada Militar on his dame’s side five generations back. I - personally with the help of two good friends - took him home to Sweden in a lorry. It was an adventure, a vacation and a memory for life; we drove through Spain, France, Germany and Denmark delivering him to “Ågesta Gård”, in Stockholm. Ågesta Gård is a large compound with a private dressage stable, riding school and farm for beef cattle run by the von Krusenstierna family. How I found Quarzo was through my former trainer Vicente Rotger Meseguer from Spain who is a riding police in Barcelona. He was holding riding clinics in Sweden. Vicente came the first time to Sweden April 2001 and held monthly clinics from spring through autumn. While I was training for him on my first PRE “Faeton” I wondered “what shall I do with my training during the winter time when you are not here?” He said that “Why don’t you come to Spain with your two dressage horses?” So I did. At the end of my training period Vicente competed with my Swedish Warm Blood “Oliver” at the Polo Club. In the same dressage class a big beautiful Castana PRE stallion, Selecto II, participated. Then it struck me “that kind of horse would be perfect”. Since I had paid for Oliver’s licence to compete all through that year I asked Vicente if there were any more big competitions. He told me there were a Catalonian Championship and a Spanish Championship the following autumn. So Oliver was sent down to Barcelona once more. Vicente competed with Oliver in both championships and even a third competition. He placed well in all, second and third place mostly. Thereafter Oliver returned to Sweden. The following summer, 2002, Vicente called me from an exhibition were he had found a horse that met my standards. He sent an e-mail with some shots of that showed his confirmation and movements. Vicente said that the horse was among the best and there were many buyers and it was urgent to decide if I wanted him. So I flew down to Barcelona to check with the veterinarian that Quarzo was sound. I bought Quarzo and placed him in Vicente’s care. Quarzo was broken, educated, trained, competed, and qualified for exhibitions and for breeding. Quarzo has at least two off-springs through natural means in Spain. Quarzo went to several exhibitions in Conformation and Functionality qualifying to SICAB 2004 and 2005. In 2004 he entered in the class ‘Stallions, 6 years old’. There were 36 competitors. In ‘Morfologico’ he placed 13; in ‘Functionalidad’ he placed 5th. That rendered him an 11th place out of 36. My goal and wish was that he would end up among the ten best. And he almost did so I was very happy all around. In 2005 he qualified to SICAB for the second time. Now he competed in the class of ‘Stallions,7 years and older’. There were 47 stallions competing, the elite of Spain I presume. He ended up 22nd in ‘Morfologico’. Only the first twenty stallions participated in the ‘Functionalidad’. I was a bit disappointed this time, since my goal and wish had been for him to take part in ‘Functionalidad’, as that is his strong side to show himself under the rider. But later, after giving it a

second thought, I realized that it was not at all bad to have been placed as number 22 out of 47 when the oldest competing stallion was 22 years old. In 2003 Quarzo got his ‘Apto Basico’ from Cria Caballar who offered at the same time to purchase him because of his exceptionally good hind quarters for Yeguada Militar. In 2004 he got his ‘Reproductor Calificado’ from Cria Caballar. In 2007 he was also approved for breeding use by the Swedish National Breeders Association. During SICAB 2005 I got an offer from Swiss couple who wanted to buy Quarzo through Vicente and Victor Alvarez. I declined as I wanted to follow my horse development closer to home. So I found a trainer from the National Swedish Dressage Team, Kristian von Krusenstierna, who was interested in working with Quarzo. Agesta Gård, Stockholm, is Kristian’s home base where Quarzo is stabled and in training since February 2006. Quarzo’s dressage debute in June 2006 was in level Msv B:4 where he placed second. In 2007 Quarzo competed in dressage Msv A:1 placing third and debuted in S:t George placing 11th of 35 participants, whereof 10 placed. In 2007 Quarzo participated in Campeonato de Suecia de Pura Raza Española where he won first place in the competition ‘Stallions 7 years and older’ as well as took Campeón de Funcionalidad-Riding Champion and Campeón de la Raza- Stallion Champion. In 2007 at The Stockholm International Horse Show in the Globe’ participated in and won the dressage section of ‘The Masquerade Dressage and Jumping Competition’ At this show two of Spain’s foremost dressage riders were competing, one of them –Jordi- asked if Quarzo was for sale; which he was not. In 2008 Quarzo competed in dressage Int.I Kür. In 2009 he is being schooled with sights set on Grand Prix by Kristian von Krusenstierna, Ågesta Gård, who even trains riders in Spain regularly. Quarzo has off-springs in Sweden 2008 and expecting 2009. When you bought Cuarzo, were you looking for a competition horse, or did that come later? Yes I was. What do you like most about this horse? Quarzo is a very comfortable ride. And he has a wonderful calm personality eager to please and has a lot of power (as well as stamina). Do you usually ride him or is he ridden by his rider only? I ride Quarzo once or twice a week regularly. Are you confident that Quarzo and his rider will be included in the future Swedish team? It is my hope and goal that Quarzo with his trainer will be considered a part of the Swedish National Team in the future. Have you owned other PRE horses? Quarzo is my second PRE stallion (Faeton was my first). Do you consider a PRE a good competition horse? Yes I really do.

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Kristian von Krusenstierna,RIDER OF QUARZO

Is he the first PRE that you have ridden? Yes Tell us a little about yourself, when did you start riding? How did he come to you? Are there any anecdotes from during the training? I was almost born in the stable; my family runs a riding school. Therefore it became very obvious what my living would be! I have been riding/competing dressage since I was 12 years old. Been in the Swedish team as pony, junior, Young Rider. With my best horse, Wilson, who now days lives in Spain, I was in the SWE team for 2005 European and 2006 WEG. My father’s cousin came and asked if I could help her ride her PRE stallion, I was joking with her and said -“if he is dark and 170cm I will” Which he was! Who is your trainer? I train with Kyra Kyrklund and Richard White Have you followed a different system of work with Quarzo than with other horses? My plan has been to work Quarzo under my system, and I have done so. What essential differences have you found, when working, between this horse and those of other breeds, such as the central-European breeds that are most popular for dressage? Everything you ask them, since they listen very well! There is a very fine balance between good energy and stress. The weakness is when you ask them to carry their body with straightness and collection but still keep the relaxation. What are Quarzo’s most outstanding virtues? His trot and good looking outline! What is/are the exercise/s for which Quarzo has most ability and where do you feel that he is most happy? He likes all work, but of course when he does piaff and passage, and now days collected trot, which he does more relaxed. What exercise have you found to be the most difficult or which do you believe that he finds the most difficult to perform? Pirouettes and changes (one times). Do you believe that he could make the Sweden team? That is my goal and future will tell. I don’t imagine that the Sweden judges are used to judging PRE horses; do you believe that that is an advantage or a disadvantage for you and the horse Some are judging him for what he does and give him good scores when he does good things and low when they should! But some are only looking after what they can criticise about more front legs than hind legs!

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ANCCE Team

ANCCE Team

THE ANCCE TEAM IS UP AND RUNNING According to the criteria established in the rules and regulations and within the PRE Promotion Plan in Competition, the first horses have been selected to receive the grants that ANCCE dedicates to competition training improvement. With a monthly sum of €800, the competition career of five horses from different categories has been rewarded. This money will be received by the owners of the horses for the entire 2009 season and will continue to receive it if, at the 2009 Spanish National Championships, they have continued to exceed the specified averages. The selected horses are as follows: PILATOS in the Category for 5 year-olds, owned by Yeguada El Moralejo. ARMAS ZARZEÑO and LATIGO VI in the category for 6 year-olds. The former bred by Plaza de Armas and owned by of Orientalia Hispana and the latter bred by Hnos. Rodríguez-Arias and owned by Magín Mateu ENORME AND JEQUE XXVII in the category for 7 year-olds. The former owned by Yeguada Susaeta and the latter bred by Joaquín Márquez and owned by Cortijo El Robledal From now on, in 2009, these horses will enter competitions with the prefix ANCCE before their name. We hope that with this proposal, which is already a reality, the number of PRE horses dedicated to competition, and more specifically, to Dressage, will increase considerably, and that next year, the four places for each category can all be filled.

JOSÉ IGNACIO SÁNCHEZ VELÁZQUEZ, OWNER OF PILATOS What do you think of the idea of the ANCCE grants and what would you change about them, if you believe that there is something that is not needed or that is lacking? I believe that it is a magnificent idea, even more so due to the current, difficult economic situation. The successes of our horses in competition, and to be precise in dressage, will contribute to a greater prestige and a better commercialization of the PRE. The experience this first year will give us a more specific idea of the changes to introduce for coming years MAGIN MATEU ALMENARA, OWNER OF LÁTIGO VI Very interesting, I believe that this is a project we should be as involved in as possible as it is a project with a future. MIGUEL GARCÍA BORONAT, OWNER OF ARMAS ZARZEÑO I think the initiative is very good. GERT TOMMY EKLUND, OWNER OF JEQUE XXVII It is of a high importance that we have got this attention. Although the economic part of this agreement is very low it will give us inspiration to get on with the development of good Spanish horses for the future. More important than the money is the possibility to get a better contact where we can achieve support and advice in the ongoing daily work. MARÍA JOSÉ RUÍZ SÁNCHEZ, OWNER OF YEGUADA SUSAETA I think that the idea of the ANCCE grants is excellent. What do you think about the average score that you have to exceed, is it high, low, or exactly right? JOSÉ IGNACIO SÁNCHEZ Although in the case of Pilatos, in 2008 and as only a 4 year-old, he has achieved scores of up to 80.2%. I believe that these high scores will be more difficult to achieve for 4 year-olds than for horses of 5 or 6. Perhaps it would be better if the percentage required were scaled according to age, with a corresponding lower average required from the youngest.

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ANCCE Team Pilatos, owned by Yeguada El Moralejo

MAGIN MATEU The tests for young horses are OK, therefore I believe that it has to be those that, in principle, have possibilities. However, I also think that for the future, 67% in Prix St Georges is excessively high for young horses. MIGUEL GARCÍA It is a little high, but not excessively. GERT TOMMY EKLUND We do think this is quite OK. Of course there is a demand for some pay back when giving out support. But again more important is to find the best way forward in our work with these horses. MARÍA JOSÉ RUÍZ For 5 and 6 year-olds, I think it is quite a high average, but quality horses can achieve it. With regards to the average for Prix St Georges, I fell that it is very high and impossible to reach. In the final at SICAB not one horse reached the average of 67% and none of these horses were 7 years old. To attend international competitions, 64% is required, and for the Spanish Championships, 63%. To debut in Prix St Georges as a 7 year-old is very difficult and if we do not want to break our horses, the exercises must be carried out without so much pressure, therefore the averages at this level have to be much lower.

ANCCE Team

Do you believe that this idea will act as a stimulus for breeders, owners and riders? JOSÉ IGNACIO SÁNCHEZ Látigo VI, owned by Magin Without any doubt, and not only Mateu and bred by Hnos. Rodríguez-Arias due to the amount of money that will be a great help given the high cost of an entire season of competitions, it will also act as an incentive and a prestige to belong to the ANCCE competition team. MAGIN MATEU Our case could be a bit special, as my son is the rider of our horse. We liked the idea a lot, right from the start and we did not hesitate to try to participate in the project. MIGUEL GARCÍA Of course it will, it is, above all, a great stimulus for these three communities in these difficult times. GERT TOMMY EKLUND Yes It is important to see an interest in supporting good Spanish horses and the development of high quality horses for dressage as this will give more attention to the horse world outside Spain that has a much bigger interest in this type of competition. MARÍA JOSÉ RUÍZ The grants will be a great stimulus, but they should be complemented by a greater amount of money for the young horse circuits, as this year the grants have been reduced by one third and they run a serious risk of disappearing. The circuits have been the best thing that has been done for the PRE, with regards to dressage, in its entire history and all the horses that have been awarded a Grant attended the circuits this year.

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In your opinion, what are we most lacking at the moment, quality horses or quality training? JOSÉ IGNACIO SÁNCHEZ We have magnificent horses and excellent riders, all we lack is a little belief in the breed and in its suitability for various competitions such as dressage. If I had to add a “but”, it would be that we still work at dressage as if each one of us were an individual department; we must share more training, experiences etc. MAGIN MATEU I believe that taking advantage of this inertia, we must make an effort in the training of professionals for all areas of the sector, guidelines to follow or clinics with our top riders. I believe that there are many horses and riders who get lost along the way. MIGUEL GARCÍA In principle I see the horses as a little more limited, but to be honest, the breed is improving a great deal. GERT TOMMY EKLUND There is a lack of the both. There are too few breeders who are concentrating on the best type of horses for

Armas Zarzeño, owned by Orientalia Hispana

ANCCE Team

Do you think that this idea could open up the doors to competition for the PRE a little more? JOSÉ IGNACIO SÁNCHEZ The PRE has to look at every means to be seen and to reinvent itself when faced with the major recession that we are undergoing. The location of some PREs within the competition world is now, more than ever, necessary, so these ideas will always be welcome. MAGIN MATEU Of course I do, since I think that we must compete as much as possible and make the wonderful possibilities of the PRE be known. MIGUEL GARCÍA I believe so, as we currently have some very good horses that very often do not take advantage and get lost along the way. GERT TOMMY EKLUND Yes! Again we believe in a great future for the Spanish horse in dressage due to many good characteristics from this horse when it comes to dressage and qualified riding. But there is a need for more quality in breeding towards the best characteristics for the horses purposed to this kind of sports. MARÍA JOSÉ RUÍZ Of course I do.

dressage and as a consequence of that there are also a lack of qualified trainers. We believe that ANCCE should put more effort into this area of horse keeping in order to achieve a much faster and more international awareness of the excellent Spanish horse! MARÍA JOSÉ RUÍZ In recent years, and above all thanks to the circuits, both the quality of the horses and their training has improved, because breeders have become aware of their importance and we have selected much more rigorously. If we want to get somewhere in dressage internationally, the first thing to do is to try to increase the love of dressage. If there are many enthusiasts, we will start to sell young horses, there will be more competitions, etc. and the PRE will go a long way. Spain is a European Football Champion because there are millions of fans and children who play. However, we are nobody in sports such as badminton, rugby, etc. because there is no enthusiasm at the grassroots.

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Jeque XXVII, owned by Cortijo El Robledal and bred by Joaquín Márquez

How do you think it will be next year, easier or more difficult? JOSÉ IGNACIO SÁNCHEZ It will certainly be more difficult, but Pilatos is a good horse and our rider, Cándido Tardio, a great professional. MAGIN MATEU In the last question, with regards to the scores, I have already answered this one. For our part, we will do our utmost to fulfill our commitment, to be able to make this project bigger. Despite the difficulties that we all know, I hope that we will invest every effort to participate; to thank all those who have had this great idea and to tell them to continue thinking of such things in the future. MIGUEL GARCÍA I believe that it will become more and more difficult. The level of the PRE is greatly increasing and people are continuing to become more professional. GERT TOMMY EKLUND It will be very interesting to see the development in a new class even if it will be much tougher to compete with horses that in many ways are much more experienced s as they have already participated for some years in that class. But we have full confidence that Jeque will be ready to give them a real match and more to compete with himself to get better and better all year around. He does have a great potential and we will do our best to get him there to the top of the best horses in the world. MARÍA JOSÉ RUÍZ If the average remains at 67% for Prix St Georges, we feel it will be impossible for our horse ENORME, because we want to go step by step without forcing him, even though we fail to be awarded the grant.

ANCCE Team

Enorme, owned by Yeguada Susaeta

Congratulations and thank you

ANCCE Team


Noticias Deporte JAN NIVELLE CLINIC During the month of January, in accordance with the plans announced at the end of December, the National RFHE trainer of the Junior Dressage Team, Jan Nivelle, held various clinics and training sessions throughout Spain. To be exact, on the 12th and 13th of January in Barcelona, the trainer worked intensely with the Catalan riders. He did the same on the 14th and 15th in Madrid, with those from central Spain, and on the 16th and 17th in Sotogrande (Cadiz), with those from southern Spain. Among those pre-selected from Spain, the only PRE is Guajiro XXVI, bred by Mario Toria and owned by JosĂŠ A. Bautista, who is ridden by Beatriz Robert Samper in the 15 to 18 year-old Category, and who is trained by JosĂŠ A. Fdez. Lineros.

Beatriz Robert Samper riding Guajiro XXVI, owned by Juan Bautista and bred by Mario Torio

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BEMELMANS CLINIC IN THE CAR ANCCE FACILITIES Jerez and to be precise, the CAR ANCCE facilities, was the place chosen this weekend by Jean Bemelmans, the Spanish National Team Manager, to hold a Dressage clinic. It was organized by the Royal Equestrian Federation of Spain. It was a closed clinic with a large number of participants, including a large number of renown horses and riders, such as Iberis, ridden by Antonio Blanco, Armas Tarugo, ridden by Ignacio Bravo, Norte, ridden by José Antonio García Mena and Activo, ridden by Abel Salguero. The 2-day clinic took place on the 23rd and 24th of January, under the management of the Belgian expert. This clinic has enabled the trainer to reach his first general conclusions, while establishing the specific guidelines for each to follow in preparation for future competition, especially for those events just around the corner, such as the Sunshine Tour at Dehesa de Montenmedio.

José Antonio García Mena with Tesoro, owned by Yeguada Solei and bred by José E. Muñoz de Albelda

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Abel Salguero riding Altivo, owned by Marietta Sayers

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by María Sáez de Propios Photos: María Sáez de Propios

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Clipper, an occupation recalled by Rufo Castelló Madrid and currently a hobby

“Once earned me my bread and that now is a hobby that every 8th August I do in Macotera (Salamanca) with the donkey, Maravillas, so that the children that are there and those that come from the city to enjoy the fiestas, can see and learn about this work”

El Caballo Español


Rufo Castelló Madrid preparing the tools for clipping

W

hen the magazine told me the subject of the next report, the equestrian occupation of a clipper, they stressed that this was not that of the traditional horse-clipper but of the person who makes the designs on the croups of mules. This was something that I had not had the good fortune of being able to think about during my life, due to my youth. The task was complicated, because many of those clippers that I knew about were no longer here to be able to tell me about it and we needed the testimonies of one of these. In the end, when I had almost given it up as impossible, somebody remembered “Maravillas”. This is a donkey that, twice a year, could be seen to have drawings on its croup, which were produced by clipping. We all know that the function of clipping is to cut the hair of animals, but in this report we will go a way beyond that activity. In antiquity, the clipper was a proper occupation, although it is of course true that it has always been a seasonal occupation. It was a job that touched the limits of art and one asks oneself why. Rufo Castelló Madrid learned the profession of clipper from his father and his brothers, who all were trained in the art of the clippers. His grandparents came from Perales de Alfambra (Teruel) and they too were clippers. They came to Macotera to carry out their occupation, and there they stayed forever, all their descendants following their teachings and their steps. When he was only a boy, Rufo Castelló was attracted by the occupation, a job that he learned at the weekends when he did not have to go to school. “I began by clipping tails, this was the job my father assigned me, it was the part of the donkey where the snip-marks were least noticed and where I could best learn how to handle the shears”. Rufo’s family was known as “the esquiliches” (the clippers). “All the Castelló family has been clippers. My uncle José, who settled in Mancera de Abajo; my father; my Uncle Javier and my Uncle Antonio; and Inocencio, my father's first cousin. All of us children took on the occupation, as well as my Uncle Inocencio's children. My Uncle Javier's children, Francisco and Javier did as well, although these subsequently left it to dedicate themselves to wool, along with those of my Uncle

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Photo 1. The process of clipping starts with the scissors, by means of which the area is marked

Antonio, Juanma and Gabriel. Gabriel left very soon, he dedicated himself to wool and other occupations, and finally, almost all emigrated to France”. They went to all the towns around Macotera, such as Santiago, Alaroz, Mancera and Boveda but what is clear is that there were not a lot of people who dedicated themselves to this profession. “In Macotera and around about it, the only people doing it were my father, my brothers and me”. It didn't pay a lot, but of course, we did this first, then we worked in the fields. In my time, we charged five pesetas per donkey, which was always clipped with a machine; and seven, eight or ten pesetas per mule, depending on whether it was clipped using scissors or with a machine”. A profession that we carried out throughout the whole year except during the summer, when the harvest took place. In September, after the harvest, they began again and continued until the next summer. I mention the word art because they did not limit themselves to merely clipping, which, as Castelló explains, they did in the following way. “We marked them with the scissors, from the hind quarters to the front in a more-or-less straight line, except the belly, since that part is not clipped because there is no coat there. [Photo 1]. Then with another tool, with a clipping machine, different to that for sheep for which you need two hands, you remove the hair above this mark. Then, with the scissors, you trim the ear hair and also the tail hair [Photo 2]. The legs are not clipped and then if you want designs they can be made with the scissors and some imagination.”

Designs, clipping the limits This is where the work finishes. The chore is performed for a reason and with an objective and a path of creativity is opened up. The activity by means of which a human being expresses ideas, emotions and, in general, a vision of the world through modeled resources begins. A perception of clipping through the feelings of the person clipping. There exist many forms of expressing art; the first that comes to mind is perhaps that of pictures but here the paintbrushes

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“In my time, we charged five pesetas per donkey, which was always clipped with a machine; and seven, eight or ten pesetas per mule, depending on whether it was clipped using scissors or with a machine”

Photo 2. Clipping the tail

Photo 3. Process of the making the design on the croup of Maravillas

Photo 4. Process of the making the design on the croup of Maravillas

Photo 5. Process of the making the design on the croup of Maravillas

and paints are transformed into scissors and clipping machines. The principal resources for modeling undergo a metamorphosis, becoming the croup and hair of the animal. This is the most sensitive moment of the clipping. “The designs were made with the scissors, taking a great deal of care that the animal didn’t move. For this, a front leg was attached to a back leg with a rope, not hurting the animal at any time, and a twitch like piece of wood in the mouth. This last utensil was made of two pieces of wood with a rope that was tied to the muzzle of the animal so that it could be sucked, the objective of which was to keep the animal still”. As can be seen in photos 5, 6, 7 and 8, Rufo used scissors to begin to draw. “This is done on the haunch of the animal, at the top of the tail, but occasionally we also do them on the loin”. The drawings are after all, the result of the imagination, of the ideas that each person projects onto the animal or whatever the owners requested them to draw. As Rufo comments,

“there are all types. Flowers are plentiful, as are the initials of the owners of the animal or shapes like those that we can see in the photos. Each master had his thing”. Anything was possible although Rufo explains that “this was only done on mules and donkeys, not on horses”. People who wanted these drawings for their animals “were usually the farmers with working animals for the fields they were the ones who most requested them and also those who had the privilege of having a mule or a donkey”. When I ask him what drawing he remembers as the most significant that he had made throughout his life, he told me that he had made so many that he cannot even remember, although we can see the last one that he did for the San Antón Festival on 17th January this year. [Photo 9]. They were clipped “for hygiene and when San Antón’s Day came, it was the time when all the animals were blessed”. This was the special date at which those doing the clipping made a special effort to show off their best art. “The

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farmers liked to take their partners to the blessing well decked out and we brought them pleasure. Each one devised a design, a drawing, and we captured it on the haunches of the mules. These decorations consisted of a very elegant branch, which we called a laurel branch, and a wide stripe with points on the lower flanks of the skirt of the animal and the ribs were finished off with a round branch whose center was adorned with a star. We all had our individuality which distinguished us and identified us by the way we did it, and, we also used to put in a kind of a mustache, with the M of Macotera, which we considered a signature”.

The Present day

At 69, Rufo is still able to say that he continues to carry out this profession. “I only do it twice a year, as a favor to a relative who has a donkey, “Maravillas” (the one that we can see in the pictures)”. A job that “once earned me my bread and that now is a hobby that every 8th August I do in Macotera (Salamanca) with the donkey, Maravillas, so that the children that are there and those that come from the city to enjoy the fiestas, can see and learn about this work”. He does it again in August, for the Fiestas of San Roque, and in San Antón every 27th January, he picks up his scissors and clippers again. A profession, a way of life that Rufo defines as “very interesting, hard work and beautiful”. As the French writer, Honoré de Balzac, says, “the aim of art is not to copy nature, but to express it”.

And this is all that Rufo remembers at 69 years old. At the present time, this practice has almost disappeared. “In the area of Macotera and its surroundings it is not done these days, but I don’t know if it is in other places.

“There are all types of desigsn. Flowers are plentiful, as are the initials of the owners of the animal or different shapes, depending on the taste of the person requesting it”

Photo 6. The donkey Maravillas on the day of San Antón

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ANCCE REPORTS TERMS AND CONDITIONS TO ACCESS THE 2010 ANCCE TEAM The ANCCE team has already started. Five Spanish horses have been awarded grants to promote their competitive career. Pilatos, a 5 year-old, Latigo VI and Armas Zarzeño, 6 year-olds and Jeque XXVII and Enorme, who are 7 year-olds. Now, the objective is to increase the number of people who know about this ANCCE proposal, and to have a good selection of horses by the end of year from which to the 2010 team can be chosen. The terms and conditions to become a member of the 2010 ANCCE team are: 1.- The horses. There will be a maximum of four horses that are five, six and seven years old, which have obtained the highest averages in the tests for five and six year-olds and Prix St, Georges. In other words, four five-year-olds, four sixyear-olds and four at Prix St. Georges level, provided that they have obtained a minimum average, in at least three national * * * competitions (or Spanish National Championships), of 67% for the five-year-olds, of 67% for the six-year-olds and of 67% for Prix St. Georges. This average must be awarded by at least two different sets of judges. The amount of the grants and the number of horses to be chosen will depend on the quantity that is approved for promotion in the 2010 ANCCE budget. The number of horses selected per age-group will increase if the minimum number of places established in another category is not fulfilled, and when the competition commission so decides depending on the quality of the candidates. In the event of a tie in the averages, the commission will decide which of the horses has greater potential, and that horse will be offered the grant. This commission will be able to select the horses that it deems the most suitable if they fail to comply with the established requirements for participation. The horse must have a passport accrediting it as a PRE horse. The grant is awarded to the horse. Therefore, should its ownership change during the year, the horse will continue receiving the grant provided that it continues to comply with these terms and conditions. If the horse stops competing for any reason, the grant will automatically be cancelled. Since the horses are selected in the last three months of the year, the current averages will be taken into consideration when calculating the scale, although

the grants will be applied to the following year. That is to say, the horses selected in 2009 will be of four, five and six years, and they will receive their grants when competing in 2010 as five, six and seven year-olds respectively. Annually, following the Spanish National Championships for young horses, the competition commission will update the minimum requirements to be eligible for the grants and it will select the corresponding horses. The horses and riders will exhibit ANCCE team publicity on all training clothes worn by the rider, as well as on the horse’s blankets, tack box, stable and transportation vehicle. In addition, the prefix “ANCCE” will be added to the name of the horse when entering competitions. ANCCE will supply the rider with the necessary clothing, as well as the blanket for the horse and the distinguishing elements for the remainder of the items mentioned above.

2.- The owners. These must be members of ANCCE at the time at which the grant is awarded. They must present invoices for the amount received from the association and the funds received must be used for training and maintenance of the horse, as well as for attending competitions. The owner must participate in the established minimum number of competitions and in the categories publicized and respect the specified publicity requirements. To receive the grant, all owners must send the annual competition calendar for the horse to the ANCCE competition commission, as well as a monthly report on the horse’s development.

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2008 LG-PRE-ANCCE ANNUAL STUD BOOK REPORT This is a report of LG-PRE-ANCCE Stud Book activities undertaken throughout 2008, outlining the main details of the services performed throughout the year that has just concluded. It was a very intense year, in which the back log accumulated over the previous year has been processed with which the registration services within Spain have gradually been brought up-to-date. Likewise, full services are provided throughout the world. Services within Spain  #$ &<=>\^>_ `  were carried out: Registration has been requested for 13,342 horses, from those born in 2008 and requested this same year. Of these, 8,886 have been registered. Moreover, as of the 31st of December, 2,998 blood samples were analyzed at the laboratory and 1,458 requests were being processed from stud farms throughout Spain. {

`   

|  } 7,507 evaluations have been carried out, and on the 31st of December a further 1,300 were being processed. During 2007, there were 6,784 basic evaluations, which represent a 10% increase over the previous year. &   } 18,252 cards were sent out in 2008, compared to the 22,437 sent out in 2007. Numbers are decreasing, and will further decrease with time. This is because it was a new document that only appeared in 2007

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and demand will continue to fall as time passes as all registered horses will have acquired their card. In addition, foals born as of 2007 already have the ownership card incorporated into their passports. Interestingly, the actual ownership changes processed by the LG-PRE-ANCCE Stud Book in 2008 are calculated at 4,278, against 171 in 2007. This service brings to light the change of ownership of a horse, and these numbers indicate the intensity of commercial transactions during the year. 20,967 passports were issued in 2008, compared with 1,684 in 2007. Remember that throughout 2008, the LG-PRE-ANCCE Stud Book office has been completing requests for services pending from 2007, due to computer problems. This year, 14,547 horses have been blood-typed free of charge. In 2007 15,748 PRE horses benefited from this service, which means that the blood bank at our laboratory is almost complete.

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Services internationally Internationally, during 2008 1,068 evaluations were carried out in eighteen countries. From the second half of 2007 to the present, 1,102 registrations corresponding to 24 countries were carried out, and, as of the 31st of December, a further 886 were being processed. In this section, we have been faced with some difficulties due to a lack of the DNA formula of some horses from some countries in the American continent.

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This made it impossible for us to apply the general procedure and led to us having to analyze case by case to correctly identify each foal. This, needless to say, slowed down the registration process. Nevertheless, thanks to the collaboration of the breeders and associations in these countries, we are obtaining most of DNA formula from the international laboratories authorized by the previous Stud Book agent. Finally, 2,501 ownership cards have been sent out since the second half of 2007.

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SELECTION SCHEMES The results of the fourth genetic evaluation for horses participating in the discipline of Dressage (Young Horse Circuits) from 2004 to 2008 are now available. Seventyfive PRE horses (67 stallions and 8 mares) obtained the Category of Recommended Breeding Stock, which you can consult on the ANCCE Web-site: http://www. ancce.es/esquemadeseleccion/. They will soon appear in the new publication of the Catalogue of Young Breeding Stock issued by the Ministry of the Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs (MARM).

APPLICATION FOR AWARDS FOR EQUINES OF PURE BREEDS IN THE 2008 YOUNG HORSE DRESSAGE SELECTION TESTS These awards will be exclusively for those horses that were born in Spain and whose births have been registered in an Official Stud Book of Spain. Likewise, imported stallions and mares, registered at birth in a Stud Book of Spain will also be considered, provided that they have at least one descendant registered at birth in a Spanish Stud Book, with the corresponding documents to back this information. In this regard, covering (breeding) certificates will not be sufficient, but rather they must have some offspring that has already been born and registered. To request one of these awards, you must complete an Application Form that can be downloaded from the ANCCE Web-site: www. ancce.com Awards are only and exclusively available for the 2nd and 3rd days of the Circuit; in other words, for the Preliminary and Final tests of four-, five- and six-year-olds. The period for application will conclude on the 12th of April, 2009. No application form received after this deadline will be accepted. El plazo de solicitud finalizarรก el 12 de abril de 2009, no aceptando ninguna solicitud con entrada posterior a dicha fecha.

Descanso, 2008 Young Recommended Breeding Stock. Owned by Yeguada Susaeta

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ANCCE AT INTERNATIONAL FAIRS DURING 2009 Once again, in 2009, ANCCE has a budget designated for the promotion of the PRE horse at various International Fairs, where we will be present with a promotional stand. Information will be offered about the breed, the Association and SICAB. Eurohorse is the first of the four International Fairs at which ANCCE will be present. It took place from the 19th to 22nd of February in Goteborg, Sweden, coinciding with the Show-jumping and Dressage World Cup, with more than 80,000 people congregating in the Scandinavian Stadium during the 4-day competition. Equitana 2009, is the second fair that ANCCE will attend this year. This is the most important Equestrian Fair in Germany. It will be held from the 14th to 22nd of March in Essen.

The Royal Show is the next date on the calendar. It is one of the most important fairs within Europe. It takes place from the 7th to 10th of July, at Stoneleigh Park, Warwickshire, Coventry, England in the United Kingdom. Lastly, from the 5th to 8th of November, ANCCE will be in Verona, Italy, attending Fiera Cavalli. You can consult the calendar of International Fairs on the ANCCE Web-site (www.ancce.com ) in the International section, where the specific dates of events we are participating in can be found.

ANCCE Stand at the 2008 Hansepferd Fair in Hamburg

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Agata XX, owned by Ganadería Criadero La Higuerita

LG-PRE-ANCCE STUD BOOK TRAINS LATIN AMERICAN PRE ASSOCIATION STAFF On the 20th, 21st and 22nd of January, the LG-PRE-ANCCE Stud Book organized a course for international association staff collaborating with the PRE Stud Book in Nicaragua Participants in the course came from several important countries where PRE horses are bred, such as Nicaragua, Guatemala and Honduras. They traveled to Managua to learn how to use the new computer program—designed by SADIEL—when handling LG-PRE-ANCCE Stud Book matters. This program is already offering significant advances in t handling the registration services. They learned about the program both from the theoretical and practical point of view. Thus, each association will be able to begin each and every one of the registration services that breeders and owners from their home country request (covering/breeding, registration, ownership cards, documentation renewals, evaluations, etc.). Therefore, the level of service provided to their breeders will depend, to a large extent, on their own work. In addition, they will know, in real time, the situation of each file affecting their breeders. Thus, this will ease and speed up the processing of all the services, with the collaborating associations taking on a fundamental role.

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Each association has a personalized access to the LG-PRE-ANCCE Stud Book program, which can be used to send and receive the necessary information at any time. Remember that such countries as Costa Rica, Ecuador, Sweden, Finland, Norway, the United Kingdom, Holland, Denmark, Germany, Belgium, France, Italy and Australia attended a similar course held at an earlier date in Sevilla, and they have already benefited when checking the results, since access is much quicker, easier and user-friendly. After the course had concluded, all those attending were able to enjoy the conformation competition held the following three days at the Granada Jockey Club, with a high level of participation. Upon conclusion, the LG-PRE-ANCCE Stud Book commission traveled to Guatemala, where they held an evaluation. There was a really high participation, with a total of 110 horses owned by 21 breeders being presented.

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THE NEW REGULATIONS FOR CONFORMATION-FUNCTIONAL COMPETITIONS FOR THE PRE HAVE BEEN APPROVED In February, ANCCE approved the new Rules and Regulations for ConformationFunctional Competitions for the PRE, which will govern the 2009 season. The most outstanding novelties that have been introduced, among others, are: the regulation of a disciplinary procedure, with regards to the computation of the Award for the Best Stud Farm and Best Exhibitor at Conformation-Functional competitions, the disappearance of the sections for yearling colts and fillies, a new scoring system when

Chinchoso III, owned by Can Maynou and bred by José Luis de la Escalera

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determining these awards, as well as the introduction of a new score sheet, the recognition of mares for the prize for Functionality and the creation of a Follow-up Commission for Conformation Competitions. A full copy of the Rules and Regulations can be consulted on the ANCCE Web-site: www.ancce.com, going to the section that is indicated on the main page.

2*161%#4.150›K'<

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Armendáriz Ranch

INTERNATIONAL FORUMS FOR PRE BREEDERS ECUADOR AND COSTA RICA IN MARCH, THE UNITED STATES IN MAY AND MEXICO IN OCTOBER

ANCCE, in collaboration with the associations and breeders of various countries, will organize four international forums for PRE breeders. These forums will be in meeting places for breeders from all over the world. Each Forum will coincide with the National Conformation Championships of each country, to facilitate greater breeder attendance of these informative events.

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2*1614#(#'..'/15

The forums will start with a conference-discussion covering a variety of subjects that are currently of interest to breeders, followed by a cocktail so that those attending will be able to meet and establish ties, and thus, exchange opinions relating to the current PRE world. The dates and places where the National Championships and breeders’ forums will take place are: ECUADOR The venue is in QUITO, at the “El Condado” Tennis and Golf Club. The date of the National Championships, 13th Spanish Horse Fair, is the 14th and 15th of March. The forum will be held the day before, on the 13th of March. COSTA RICA The host city is San José, and the chosen place, The Caraña Equestrian Club. The date of the National Championships, BONANZA, is from the 19th to 22nd of March, coinciding with the forum that takes place on the 19th. UNITED STATES The 2009 PRE EXPO Championships is planned for the 29th, 30th and 31st of May at the Inudtry Hills Expo Center and the forum will take place on Friday, the 29th. MEXICO The Guadalajara ANCCEMEX Championships take place at the Hacienda del Oro from the 1st to 4th of October. The date of the forum has yet to be confirmed, but it will be held on one of the indicated days. The forums will host to a large number of breeders from diverse countries, which will contribute to our being able to obtain a true image of the sector at international level.

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by Juan Carlos Altamirano SUH+LVWRU\ +LVWRULDGHO35( CONJECTURES AND REBUTTALS: the need to know the history of the Spanish Horse

The name of the breed

It is common to use the well-known phrase: â&#x20AC;&#x153;all nations who forget their past are condemned to relive itâ&#x20AC;? to highlight the importance of understanding history and the damage that forgetting it could cause. It is true that many facts related to the PRE horse breed were forgotten, due to changes caused by war, specific economic crisis or due to specific interests. This has gravely harmed it throughout the years, and has even complicated the investigative work that could have expanded the knowledge about the PRE. One of the things that has been forgotten, and after more than four centuries continues to be forgotten, is its name.

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The ignorance of that narration meant that, in Portugal, in the Plaza del Comercio (Market Square), erroneous information continued to be given out to tourists and to the Portuguese themselves. In fact the horse which King José I rode, represented by the equestrian statue in the center of the aforementioned Square and which is said to be a Lusitano, is in fact a PRE Horse.

Statue of José I located in the Plaza del Comercio of Lisbon

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Curioso XXV , owned by José Luis de la Escalera

A

t present, the official name of this breed is the Pura Raza Español, abbreviated to P.R.E., but it is also popularly known as the Spanish Horse. Frequently, however, in discussions about the PRE, the name Andalusian is claimed. This may be due to a regionalist feeling, or to attribute the paternity of the breed to Andalusia. Some times this is supported by a single argument, that it is known as the Andalusian Horse in other countries. However, with what is now known, to continue using this error to try to legitimize the Andalusian paternity of the PRE, in addition to being highly ingenuous, is unnecessary. These days, nobody doubts that Andalusia was the place in which it was gestated1. It is true that the name Andalusian Horse, which, for more than a century has also been used to identify individuals of other breeds in other countries, has led to serious economic consequences for the PRE because a part of its market has been usurped in a disloyal manner. The repercussions, however, are not only economic but also of identity. The fact that many people who wanted to buy a P.R.E., without either 1

Altamirano Macarrón, JC. (1998) Historia y origen del caballo español (History and Origin of the Spanish Horse). Málaga, Ediciones Ecuestres, p.

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wanting or realizing, ended up with a horse of another breed in their stables. The root of the problem is that it has come to be understood that the PRE and the Lusitano derive from a common root, the mythological and nonexistent “Iberian” Horse. They were even registered in the same Stud Book. At first, due to ignorance, it was maintained that the Lusitano breed was descended from the “Iberian” horse. Subsequently, perhaps in a more deliberate way, the Iberian Horse was used as a link which would historically unite the PRE with the Lusitano2. In Medieval texts, and in those that were written later in the Modern World, one could appreciate that many authors included all the horses bred in Andalusia as a single breed. The different breeds that were being bred were not taken into consideration, those such as hacks, Hackneys3, Friesians4, cuartagos (small pony like), Trotters5 or the various types of common horse. This caused many authors to assign the PRE with the 2

Ruy d´Andrade (1954). Alrededor del caballo español. (About the Spanish Horse) Lisboa, p. 521.

3

See Courts of de Juan II of 20th January, 1432, p.144, petition nº 34.

4

1586 Inventory of the Royal Stables of Cordoba.

5

Courts of Madrid, 9th May 1528, petition nº 72.

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characteristics of other breeds and even led to claims of its miscegenation. This reductionism is possible to explain if we bear in mind that since antiquity, and before the word breed took on its current meaning, horses were named according to their place of origin. Any horse coming from Andalusia was called an Andalusian horse, independent of which breed it actually belonged to. For those who lived outside of this region, the Hack bred on this land was as Andalusian as the most native animal to this region. When a horse from a foreign country was referred to it was called by the name of the country. Thus, when a horse from Friesland came to Spain, it was known as a Friesian; if one came from Portugal, it was Portuguese; one from Naples, was Neapolitan, etc. Even today it is common to say: “I have bought a German horse.” without specifying the breed. If someone wanted to distinguish those from different regions of a country, this same principle prevailed. This resulted in those coming from Extremadura were known as Extremeños; from Galicia, Galician or from Asturias, Asturcones. Within the municipality or geographical area of origin, they would be differentiated by type thus there would be Carthusian horses, those of the Carthusian Order; Marismeños came from the marshes; Valenzuelas came from Valenzuela and within these, by the bloodlines, those such as the famous Rucio, Esclavo and Soldado lines. For the PRE, the name of Spanish Horse comes from 1567, the year in which King Felipe II, with the excuse of attending to the interests of the public, determined to found a breed of horses whose main objective was to improve all the others that were bred in the various regions of Spain, by means of crossings6. It is already wellknown that the fruit of that project was the PRE, whose name is owed to the fact that it was used as a symbol of an empire and of a culture that had been able to produce the perfect horse. In order to preserve their purity, a Book called Registro de caballos españoles y hacas (Register of Spanish Horses and Hacks) was established. This can be found in the Historical Archives of the Royal Palace of Madrid. The register listed, as it does currently, the genealogies of all the horses, in order to know their origins7. Sometimes, as a result of my investigations, I have been labeled as “not very Andalusian” because I stated that the initial name of the PRE was Spanish and Andalusian. However, with the existence of documentation, a different statement would be as incorrect as not recognizing the importance that Andalusia had in its creation. For this, as I have pointed 6

General Archive of Simancas. Royal Document of the 28th November 1567 to Francisco Zapata de Cisneros.

7

Altamirano Macarrón, JC. (1998) Historia y origen del caballo español (History and origin of the Spanish Horse), Málaga, Ediciones Ecuestres.

Nero II, owned by Yeguada Can Maynou and bred by Alfonso Moreno de la Cova 2*161%#4.150›K'<

The root of the problem is that it has come to be understood that the PRE and the Lusitano derive from a common root, the mythological and nonexistent “Iberian” Horse. They were even registered in the same Stud Book.


The Lusitano breed was born two centuries later by means of crossings of common Portuguese horses with PREs, and thereafter, the crossing of the products of these, with horses that were principally Arabs and Thoroughbreds

Joao V, King of Portugal, acquiring the Spanish Horses that he crossed with the common Portuguese horses, giving rise to the Lusitano breed

out, a nation is condemned to repeat its history when it forgets it, and this was what happened with the PRE. The steps taken in the second decade of the last century to define it and even to open a Stud Book had already been taken four hundred years before. The error or desire of some people to unite the PRE and the Lusitano, hid the ignorance that the PRE had been born in the City of Cordoba by the middle of the 16th century and that the Lusitano, such and as we know it today, did not exist at that time. The Lusitano breed was born two centuries later by means of crossings of common Portuguese horses with PREs, and thereafter, the crossing of the products of these, with horses that were principally Arabs and Thoroughbreds8. The project began between 1748 and 1749 under the order of King Joâo V, in the city of Alter do Châo (Portugal), following the acquisition in Andalusia and Extremadura of Spanish mares and stallions. In the first load, 124 mares and several stallions were selected and driven to Portugal by a Colonel from Jerez, Bartolomé Manuel Silvestre Aranda Briton who, during the transfer of the livestock, was helped by Gaspar López Monteiro, the son of Gaspar López de Guzmán, the First Superintendent of the Alter do Châo Stud Farm. Currently, in one of the books on which I am working, The PRE: the Living Myth, and which will be the third part of the History and Origin of the Spanish Horse, I quote, literally, the statements made at the end of the 19th century by Silvestre Bernardo Lima, Superintendent of Yeguada Alter do Châo. In his article published in the Bulletin of the General Agriculture Office of Portugal, you can extract, amongst other conclusions that the Lusitano horse did not exist at that time: “The greatness of the court of King Joào V did not belong alongside the quality of its horses. The quality of the horses from the royal stud farms was hardly better 8

Altamirano Macarrón, JC. El Pura Raza Español: el mito viviente. (The PRE: The Living Myth). Under production

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than that the of the common horses of the country, which were much less well cared-for. The best horses, the Alta Escuela (High School) horses, came from abroad: they were almost all the fine horses of Spain, Andalusians. This situation did not please the king and years later, even less did it please his son, Prince José, who was very keen on good horses. He suffered, seeing that the Courts of Spain, France and England were very determined to continually increase and improve their equine production. To get away from such a situation (…) the king ordered the creation of a special stud farm to produce the best horses in the Kingdom, and to extract selected sires from there, which would be capable of improving the production of the stud farms of the Kingdom”9. It was, in fact, this author who was the first to use the term Lusitano horse to define a certain type, which was in fact to distinguish the PRE Horses born in Spain from those born in Portugal10. The name of this breed became official, starting from 1942, when the veterinarians of the National Portuguese Stud Farm decided to use that name for the horse that had been produced. The ignorance of that narration meant that, in Portugal, in the Plaza del Comercio (Market Square), erroneous information continued to be given out to tourists and to the Portuguese themselves. In fact the horse which King José I rode, represented by the equestrian statue in the center of the aforementioned Square and which is said to be a Lusitano, is in fact a PRE Horse. The horse that acted as a model was “Genil”, a PRE, who was selected from the royal stables by Joaquín Machado de Castro, the sculptor of the work, advised by the Marquis de Marialva himself, because, according to his words, he was “the most beautiful to copy”. It is logical that Joaquín Machado would choose a PRE, since at that time in Portugal those characteristics were only displayed by the imported PRE Horses or their descendants. The Superintendent of Yeguada de Alter himself confirmed this years later, when he said that up to 1801 there were no “horses that were not descendants from the mares acquired in Spain” at that stud farm. The rest of the horses in existence were common horses which, like those of other countries, were those that were wanted to improve by means of crossings with the PRE. 9

Boletín de la Dirección General de Agricultura de Portugal nº 10. (Bulletin of the General Agricultural Office of Portugal)

10 Bernardo Lima, S. (1890). Classificação Geral das Raças Cavallares Portuguezas. A Agricultura Portugueza, Vol. II (General Classification of the Horse Breeds of Portugal. Portuguese Agriculture)

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FROM THE ARCHIVES

Informative Bulletin of the Spanish Pre Breedersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Association

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An Essential Competition

The Spanish Championships for PRE Horses There has, for a long time, been the feeling that a National Championships for PRE Horses was necessary. Of course, these horses usually attend various agricultural fairs, showing off their majestic beauty, but a competition is now needed in which only PRE horses compete. There are many reasons for the need for such a competition: it has been proven that a competition results in the gradual improvement in the selection of horses and the purity of the breed. The creation of a platform for exhibitions which would serve to promote the PRE in both the Spanish and foreign markets, particularly this last, what with the growing interest shown by Latin American countries for this native Spanish breed. Lastly, the competition would serve as a place to exchange ideas and to give and receive tuition. This First Spanish Championships, due to the high number of participants and to their high quality of all these, was a real event in the equine world, which has proven the importance of its necessity. 27 stud farms took part, which brought 203 horses. This was an unequaled demonstration of the surge and development of the PRE. The presence at the competition of breeders from Latin America and other geographical areas, despite the short time of the competition, has confirmed the extraordinary interest that the PRE has awakened in other countries. Also, the presence of a high authority on the subject, Dr. H. Lehrner, a prestigious horseman, director of the Piber Stud Farm (Austria), who acted as the sole judge, and the method of judging using only numbers by which to identify the horses, has honored the competition with a seriousness and impartiality that were truly enviable. But, perhaps the best lesson learned from this championship was the need for it to become an annual event, so that in successive years the extraordinary equestrian demonstration by the Spanish PRE Breedersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Association can be repeated, or if possible improved on

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“The Spanish Inheritance of the Criollo Horse” (continued) …. Poor horses in the mountain and plains tribes. This is how, as of 1530, Santa Fe became the point of dispersion for the Indian Horse, passing into the hands of the Navajos, Hidatsa, Assiniboine, Arapaho, Nez Perce and other tribes, who rapidly became horsemen, initially adapting themselves for bison hunting. These Indians were archers and also used the lance but, above all, they recovered the efficient and forgotten system of rapid firing over the side and the rump of the horse, a subconscious inheritance from their Mongol ancestors, they copied the Spanish saddle and many of them adopted the stirrup. As with all the nations that learned to ride “late”, they always preferred stolen horses that were already brokenin or foals from tame mares, over the training of wild horses. Initially the Indian horse, the “plain horse”, kept its Spanish height and characteristics. Later, when the tribes that hunted the bison of the fertile plains were exterminated, or had run to the mountains and deserts, they became smaller in height and size. Nevertheless, they conserved their toughness, speed and maneuverability, which made them famous in the wars against the white man, who, not appreciating them, called them “cayouse”, “Indian pony” or “hang horse” and which today we call “mustang”, now that they have been totally exterminated. It must be remembered that the inherited Puritanism of the North Americans and their racist passion, prevented them from using, breeding or improving any horse they found. The horse had fallen into the hands of the Indians and so was “stained with the sign of condemnation”, which Calvin had taught them to detect so as to avoid such a predestination. Due to this, the North Americans never used the Spanish Horse, nor the “mustang” or “mesteño”, having brought the Hackney, the Morgan and finally the “Thoroughbred” which were harassed for a long time by the Indians with their tactics of light cavalry. The same did not happen in South America. There was no horse other than the Spanish one, which had been the soul of the Conquest and was the vital element for all the breeding tasks for the entire colonial period. For this reason it remained in Cuba, Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Rio Grande del Sur in Brazil, the Eastern Strip in Uruguay, the plains of the River Plata and in Patagonia. When the Indians decided to break the yoke of their colonisers, they had to hand the same weapon that had conquered them; having used it and learned about it during the times of peace, they used it with great success for war. The curved sabre, the long plains lance, the lasso and the lasso with balls (bolas), and the Indian pike were the weapons that they adapted for the light Criollo cavalry, which were faster than the Spanish gunfire and more expert and better mounted than the “Goth” cavalry. The secret was that the horse they used was now designed for this type of combat, to adapt itself therefore it did not need strength or training, all it needed was the reflex memory of a thousand and one battles freed by its peninsular ancestors, always within the tactics of the light cavalry.

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Once independence had become consolidated, the forgotten Indian of the plains and the desert emerged, the nomad who, along with his horse, robbed the white man. He had acquired almost Oriental customs, similar to the Tartar and Mongol “horsemen”: there was a difference to the North, the “Christian” used the same horse. The Indian of the South American desert did not use a bow and arrows while mounted. Like his red-skinned cousin and perhaps due to his Polynesian origins, he lacked the Mongol clothing that the Aborigines of the North had. They adopted the lance—ready, but never used—soft in the middle, and the lasso with balls (bolas), which they used masterly. The handled the horse “a la jineta”, without knowing any Military equestrianism, they trusted in the speed, the manoeuvrability and the courage of this great horse that the white men had provided, without knowing where these conditioned reflexes came from. As has already been said, there was something that the Spanish Horse did not understand, the rapid fire of modern guns; the central fire cartridge allowed the cavalry charges to be halted much quicker than its impulse; due to this, Calfucura, at San Carlos, in order to get to hand to hand fighting, had to dismount his troupe so as to make contact with the other band and the battle was decided without any cavalry action, like a pure infantry combat, a paradoxical end to a war carried out on horseback. Once the Indian had been beaten, our countrymen and soldiers alternated rural tasks with civil wars, always mounted on the Criollo, but still of pure of foreign blood, adapting to the equitation of each of the regions where they settled; the pure “jineta” style was abandoned but not completely; the stirrup was used long, but the spurs were not done away with, nor should they ever be, they were used as “aids”. The curb bit was adopted, with long cheeks and a severe mouthpiece, but the horse was handled calmly, making it collect naturally; diverse saddles were invented. In short, a type of equitation completely outside that previously known was adopted, in which the functional inheritance of the horse was what guided the rider. The Criollo was definitively consolidated, rescuing it from an almost fatal lapse of forgetfulness and lack of appreciation and from the danger of modernisation and poorly understood “progress”, converting into a reality that today has nothing to do with legend or folklore and that, as a breed, has as many, or more, virtues than many that are now famous throughout the world. Those who rescued it had no Calvinistic prejudices, and even went to those of the Indians in search of the best, to select the most pure, knowing that there they would find the horses that had descended from the Spanish horses, with no foreign blood mixed in them. Please remember, those who today breed and promote the Criollo, which, in addition to the conformation guide that provides their breed pattern, an important guide that must not be forgotten when carrying out their functional selection, they have those 20 centuries of Spanish inheritance. Don RODRIGO

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HISTORIC SIRES The equipment of a War Horse. Official of the 7th Lancer Brigade with all his supplies and equipment. Memorial C. 1920

W

ith regards to this particular point, the brilliant, versatile and indomitable rider Captain Botín Polanco, launched a warning note in 1924: ..” The equestrian management of the country is almost completely at the mercy of the personal opinions of all those who are involved in it”. “In the present state, with almost no control and with no surveillance, each director can, at a whim, destroy the work of his predecessor, and between him and his assistants, as these in turn enter, differing tendencies frequently exist, which are often contradictory, and which impede a truly effective action”. But let’s get a little closer to the focus of healthy curiosity, to the exact situation of our beloved “Purebred Spanish Horse”. At the beginning of the century, as has been described by such accredited sources as that of the experienced

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by Jesús Sixto "Gallito" To understand the journey that the PRE has made in the last one hundred years to reach what it is today, one must look at the work carried out by the Spanish Military institution. Without a doubt, the useful and operative PRE that these days fills everyone with pride when in the dressage arenas, would not have been possible without the actions carried out by the various organizations, the civil and in particular the military, which, to a large extent, traced the master lines of the breed in recent decades. These lines of influence had their highs and lows, as is natural, a reflection of the socio-political environment experienced by Spain throughout this intense period. It is also necessary to recognize that it is as a consequence of the typically Spanish tendency towards the moving of criteria.

Major Luis Azpeitia de Moros, the majority of the PRE livestock was in a very deteriorated state. On the one hand, there was no clear and officially defined type… “.. we lack legislated guidance, which forces everyone to follow the easiest route”. Each individual breeder believed that he possessed the essence, although the difference between the types of some and of others was very obvious. Breeding management, with regards to the feeding and breeding, was a clear reflection of the deplorable state and shortage of resources of agriculture nationally. In addition, the small breeder suffered from the lack of available PRE stallions at the covering stations, while with regards to the large breeders, Azpeitia adds: “..in the regions par excellence suitable for the production of the riding horse (Andalusia and Extremadura) the number of private stud farms were

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H.M. King Alphonso XIII, patron and enthusiast equestrianrelated topics, photographed alongside the students of his beloved Cavalry Academy. Valladolid 1920. Memorial C. Nº. 47

Hechicero. 1922 Madrid Livestock Competition. Cavalry Memorial Nº. 72

The first stallion that ended up making and leaving his definitive imprint was HECHICERO shrinking day by day, because the breeders found more benefit from investing their capital and work into the breeding of fighting bulls”.. This is an interesting point, the fact that due to the bull paying better, it snatches the best large estates of grass from the native horse, and this is something that a large number of authors agree on. (A real dilemma with regards to who you most love, dad or mom, for the Iberian breeders.) With regards to selection, there was no general orientation based on usefulness. The disastrous practice of only selecting sire stallions for their external conformation, with no test of any type, or for their elevated and collected movement, did not help to produce a horse with the necessary cantering aptitude of a riding horse. In the first decades of the 20th century, the army was the main purchaser of horses in Spain. The horse required at the beginning of the century was an essential part in the combat operations in North Africa. A horse that, in essence, should be able to gallop, be tough, resistant, energetic and, at the same time, docile and able to withstand a poor quality life. This factor, along with the rise in the passion for “competition” among the equestrian elite, to which King Alfonso XIII himself belonged, was to play an important role in the functional direction that the production was to later take. The principal prototype of the breed at the beginning of the century was described to us by the professor of the Zaragoza School of Veterinary Science, provincial inspector of animal hygiene and famous equestrian, Mr. Pedro Moyano, who said in 1908, before the creation of the first volume of the PRE Stud Book: “The ethnic characteristics of the Andalusian breed are defined as of medium body weight, conformation

dominated by convex profiles, their whole body being the slenderest and arrogant of all the horses that are known when verifying their paces. Average height of 1.56m, thoracic perimeter (girth) of 1.76, length of trunk 1.60 and average weight of 380 kg. A robust constitution, solid and tough, energetic and resistant but with a slow development. Compact bones, sanguine temperament. They are also intelligent and docile. Due to their physiological-mechanical aptitudes they are horses suitable for hacking or riding. The prototype most frequently achieved is in the countryside of Cadiz and Seville, above all Jerez, Arcos de la Frontera and Medina Sidonia. Also very notable are those produced in Cordoba and the surrounding province”. But let us look at another definition of the PRE, on this occasion, that which Commandant Luis Constante Moya produced a few years later, in 1922: “The Spanish Horse is characterized by the following: head not very big, finely fleshed and square, big ears, average height, big and lively eyes, broad forehead, lips and fine bars, thick neck especially where this meets the trunk, arched crest with soft, wavy mane, broad chest, low and fleshy withers, slightly dipped back, flexible and voluminous, big stomach, short and muscular forearms, fine and long cannon bones, short legs, flexed hocks, compact hooves, round and sloping croup and full tail. Their temperament is sanguine-nervous, their nature noble and their movement graceful”. “Due to their sobriety, resistance while marching and to privations and due to their lightness, they are of great use to the Army and none of the foreign breeds that have been acquired for military use has been able to equal their advantages”.

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Enlarged photo of Hechicero. Entrance of the 2nd Stallion Covering Station. Army Ministry. 1956

”A horse that cannot gallop is not a riding horse, even if it is the most beautiful in the world, all the rest is a chimera and an empty dream” Let us continue wandering through time to collect more testimonies that certify the utilitarian wind that marked the time. Mr. José Vázquez Sánchez, the then Lieutenant Colonel Chief of the Cordoba Stud Farm, was completely aware of the importance of this functional selection that was necessary to imprint on the PRE, and in 1926 he stated: ”It is necessary to not limit oneself to the conformational characteristics, but rather they must be selected by testing”. Categorically stating that: ”A horse that cannot gallop is not a riding horse, even if it is the most beautiful in the world, all the rest is a chimera and an empty dream.” In May of 1931, in a Spain that had recently for the first time become republican, General Francisco Fermoso, the then director of development of the Cria Caballa (Equine breeding) in Spain, established the necessity to increase the selective basis for Spanish sire stallions, taking care that these have paces that are “neither high nor short”, and he indicated: ”..It is a pity that we hardly come across livestock of this type in Spain, therefore I advise breeders that they should concentrate on obtaining these, they would be

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very well paid for, at over 6,000 pesetas, provided that they have those qualities”. He goes further, praising the necessity to organize races at the race course as the optimum method by which to select the qualities of good gallopers:..” Even PRE horses must quickly be forged from the crucible...” Another brief and bright work produced by Ruiz del Castillo, one of the best civil riders, conversant in equine breeding and presented by Emilio López de Letona, an outstanding member of the Cavalry Body and a member of the Spanish Olympic Show-jumping team, mentioned: “There does not exist, no other criteria can exist for the appreciation of the external conformation than the very sure and very rational criteria of usefulness..” “Beauty and kindness are words that are synonymous with suitability”. This clear focus on the necessary operability of the aforementioned equine, as well as the establishment of a breed pattern based on the search and selection of the PRE of oriental type and straight profile from amongst the existent amalgam, marked without a doubt the route to the PRE bred in Moratalla, a base which today feeds our stallion covering stations.

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The "obsession for competition" at the Barracks arena of S. Gil. Madrid 1900. Cavalry Memorial. Nº. 169

The disastrous practice of only selecting sire stallions for their external conformation, with no test of any type, or for their elevated and collected movement, did not help to produce a horse with the necessary cantering aptitude of a riding horse The various stud farms had been located in the places considered environmentally suitable for each section and this is why the PRE section ended up in the fertile and nutritious Dehesa de Moratalla, where it has been since the end of the 19th century. In order to fix the type in the first Stud Book, as well as the desired mechanical qualities, it was necessary to use individuals that not only possessed these, but rather, were also able to transmit them. Those in charge of the Military Stud Farm of Cordoba dedicated themselves to that difficult search for many during years. The prevailing necessity to become homogenized was defined for us by the always enthusiastic Commandant of administration, Luis Constante Moya: “The breeder who dedicates himself to perfecting the Andalusian Horse to the extent that it becomes a breed, would be free of all competition, with well deserved pride and would put himself in the position of obtaining high earnings, because any Andalusian Horse that does not tire, that stands up to long marches, that neither trips nor falls, that carries the rider at whatever pace that is requested, that stands-up to bad weather, that eats and drinks anywhere, that is sensible, and that is also beautiful and elegant, is the horse that the riders in Spain, in England (except on the race tracks) and in all the nations of the world, prefer.”

In the face of the excessive diversity of conformation in existence, the proposal is to achieve a breed as soon as possible …. “A breed? What is it? Generally, the type is confused with the breed, and must be noted that these are very different things. A horse becomes a breed when it reproduces and transmits to its descendants, characteristics that make them identical. To achieve the type is to see the way in which to do everything possible to ensure that animals are produced that are the most similar possible.” And to summarize, “Type is, well, a group of individuals that display the same characteristics in all aspects, and these same characteristics that make them identical are transmitted from generation to generation. In Spain we will be able to standardize the type very easily, and the day that we achieve this, we could then say that we possessed the horse that would have to be the most sought after, because for all the good that is said about the Andalusian Horse, it must be added that there is no other like it for war.” So, after all is said and done: In that PRE dream factory, there was to take place a tough selection of breeding stock, with the object of obtaining the desired Spanish Horse of oriental type, straight profile and cadenced movement.

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Each individual breeder believed that he possessed the essence, although the difference between the types of some and of others was very obvious After several years, a nucleus ended up being obtained, that not only inherits the conformational characteristics of their predecessors, in a homogeneous way, but rather a very specific type is achieved, with less high movement and more propulsive strength in the hind quarters. The first stallion that ended up making and leaving his definitive imprint was Hechicero. Hechicero was a bay horse with a Hermanos Guerrero brand, from Jerez. I have already mentioned these breeders in a previous issue. They produced Irlandés and his influential lines: authentic foundation stock of the new PRE. This horse represented the “modified” type, with a straight profile, and he was a stallion that really stamped his stock. He even passed on his light bay coat color, with ermined socks, along with a rounder movement with more impulsion, less elevation and more extension. He appeared in public before starting his career as a stallion at stud, as an eight-year-old, in the first National Livestock Competition, which took place in the Casa del Campo, Madrid, in 1922, favored by King Alphonso XIII, who was a great enthusiast of horses. A LIVESTOCK competition is one in which any enthusiast of the countryside could thoroughly enjoy themselves gazing at the best Spanish livestock. And it allowed for a change of pace and amusement. Prizes for Merino sheep went to Mr. Matías Sánchez Covaleda and Mr. Enrique Granda. For Andalusian bred sheep, prizes went to Mr. Florentine Sotomayor, Mr. Manuel de la Chica and Mr. Pedro Guerrero. There was participation by a volume of breed varieties unthinkable nowadays at one single competition. Sheep, goats, cattle of all types: Galician, Asturian from the valleys, Asturian from the mountains, breeds from the Pyrenees, Tudanca, Leon, Zamora, Avila...; Granda achieved a double with his cattle from Extremadura, along with Mr. Gregorio Moreno. Andalusian bulls such as those owned by Mr. Félix Moreno and Mr. Florentine Sotomayor took the trophies, bred from Murcian, Schwitz, Dutch, and Hispano-Durham cows (Granda once again!), working oxen (Sotomayor once again!) .. Mr. Lisardo Sánchez swept the board with his pigs. For the first time, the versatile and easy to handle thresher “La Española” was presented, and the Zotal products were awarded certificates. Now we get to the equines. The prize-winning representation of the PRE was presented to both the Marquis of Casa Domecq and Mr. Enrique Granda, amongst other breeders. There was as much variety of breed sections as with the cattle. Horses of such breeds as those from Galicia, Leon, etc, and Arabs where those that stood out, were presented by Francisco Perea, Hermanos Guerrero, Marquis of Negrón and the Casa Domecq, along with Mr. Juan Cid. With Anglo-Arabs, once again Hermanos Guerrero and José María Martínez. With Hispano-Arabs, the Duke of Veragua, Mr. Antonio Higuero and Mr. Luis A. Polanco and the Count of Guevara. 78

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With those carrying the three bloods, Hispano-AngloArabs, the Marquis of Casa Domecq and that of Negrón once again measured up, alongside Francisco Perea and Hermanos Orbanejo. With Hackneys, more victories from Hermanos Guerrero along with Perea, in addition to a plethora of other breeds to complete the exhibition: Spanish Heavy Horses, Bretons, Norfolk-Bretons, Percherons, HispanoBretons, Hispano-Percherons… There were three PRE stallions, which were presented outside of the competition by the Office of Development and Equine Breeding (Cria Caballar). Hechicero, Voluntario II and Junquillo. The first and most influential, as has already been commented on, was at that time signed up for the Stallion Covering Center of the second breeding area. Very soon, this handsome chap was to start to visit the meadows of Hornachuelos to “to produce livestock.” The gray Voluntario II was a veteran stallion of fourteen years old, with a Miura brand, who, through his daughter, Corista and his granddaughter Jabelina, was to end up configuring, along with Hechicero, the maternal line of Maluso. Along with Junquillo, also Guerrero, he completed his military service in the fourth breeding area. But, it was the bay stallion with ermine marks and his daughters, who would end up constituting the principal nucleus of the Cordovan stud farm, which years later would end up by fusing with those coming from Curro Chica and Hermanos Domínguez. I will talk about that in a future issue. The memory of Hechicero will always be highlighted in the history of the PRE, due to the momentous change that he imprinted on the breed by means of his influential descendants. An icon of the Spanish equine breeding that will proudly adorn the old entrance of the second stallion covering center of Jerez. (to be continued…)

Entrance of the 2nd stallion covering station of Jerez. Army Ministry. 1956

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DOWDHVFXHOD

by Alfonso Cuesta

CANTER PIROUETTES

Regidor XXXVI, bred by Eduardo Miura, owned by JosĂŠ Fajardo Garcia and ridden by Jose A. Fdez. Lineros 80

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Before approaching this exercise, there are other more basic ones that the horse must know how to perform perfectly. These exercises belong to the field of "invisible" equitation, to that type of equitation which so frequently deemed unimportant, because it is not "spectacular" in itself, but that enables us to give a magnificent display.

Of

course, the horse must correctly perform all work on two tracks: at walk, trot and canter, with all their possible combinations. It must, above all, perfectly master croup to the inside, haunches in, and canter shoulder-in. On the other hand, the horse must totally master all the canter transitions, and will be taught a collected canter and another type of canter that we could call “very collected" which is what will take us to the canter on the spot. Master Nuno taught his horses to canter on the spot before pirouettes. This is perhaps, for some horses, not necessary, but undoubtedly, it is, at the very least, advisable. Under no circumstances must we start to ask for pirouettes before the horse knows how to perform all the aforementioned exercises correctly, because, if we do, we risk encountering every problem imaginable later on. We can start by working croup to the inside without asking for an accented degree of collection at the beginning. The horse must be very well balanced and superbly in hand, looking for the most suitable rhythm for each horse: more lively for the lazier horses or calmer for the more nervous, and trying to get them to keep their croup sufficiently towards the inside. Here particular care must be taken because if we ask for the croup to be placed very much to the inside, too soon, we run the risk that the movement of transfer from the forehand is made impossible, due to the horse still not being very dexterous. Therefore, never ask the horse to bring the croup too far inside until it is sufficiently dexterous in the basic croup to the inside, without forgetting that the croup to the inside is no more or less than a lateral movement when cantering in circles. Working on this exercise we will discover what aspects must be improved. Frequently, what happens is that the difficulty arises in moving the croup sufficiently towards the inside. In

this case, far from asking for the desired position of the croup, we will check, in all three paces, whether the horse correctly performs haunches in and the haunches out, and we will almost always find some deficiency in these exercises. And it is in these exercises that the problem must be resolved. Once resolved, there will no longer be a problem in putting the croup of the horse in the position required for croup to the inside. Another frequent problem is when the horse transfers its forehand further towards the inside, and faster than what is required. In this case, it is the canter shoulder-in that has to be worked on, and only after the horse has it completely assimilated will we once again request the croup to the inside. On the other hand, for me it is indispensable that the horse knows how to do croup to the inside in spirals. Once the horse is sufficiently dexterous performing croup to the inside in big circles of approximately fourteen meters, these are made smaller by two or three meters, and then again larger and, without interruption, returning to the smaller ones. In this way, amongst other things, we will avoid the horse “escaping” from our aids, because doing spirals with the croup to the inside ensure that the horse is always going forwards. I forgot to mention that before beginning to work on spirals, the horse should be well prepared physically and mentally, because they have to work hard in this exercise, and failure is a sure thing without the correct preparation. When we come across problems, we must always look for the solution at the base, because almost always what happens is that when we do not work for love of the art of equitation, small details are ignored and we go on without resolving the problems and these we have to pay for when the level required is higher. A small problem that remains unresolved in the base work is the best guarantee for a catastrophe in more demanding exercises.

Horses must correctly perform all work on two tracks: at walk, trot and canter, with all their possible combinations. It must, above all, perfectly master croup to the inside, haunches in, and canter shoulder-in. .

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Croup to the inside circle

Never ask the horse to bring the croup too far inside until it is sufficiently dexterous in the basic croup to the inside

Regidor XXXVI, bred by Eduardo Miura, owned by JosĂŠ Fajardo Garcia and ridden by Jose A. Fdez. Lineros

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Horses should be well prepared physically and mentally, otherwise failure is guaranteed

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'$,/<9(7(5,1$5<35$&7,&( Use of autologous Growth Factors in Equine Tissue Regeneration by Marta Abad Collado

The samples are processed following rigorous conditions of sterility under a laminar ďŹ&#x201A;ow cabinet. The procedure follows the regulations laid out in the Royal Decree 175/2001, dated the 23rd of February

CELL THERAPY The application of cells and tissues is a sector of medicine that is undergoing strong growth and which brings great opportunities for the treatment of diseases that, up to now, have been incurable. In recent years, a more evolved step has been taken in the treatment of diseases by means of Tissue Engineering. The recent investigations in the areas of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering have partly enabled the biological mechanisms implicated in the repair and regeneration of tissues to be specified, as well as the definition of the various elements and molecules that participate in the regenerative tissue response. As a result of these basic investigations, the fundamental role played by autologous growth factors

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in regeneration has become evident. This experimental evidence endorses the clinical use of these substances, with the objective of repairing and regenerating tissue. There exists the possibility of influencing these mechanisms, aiding and accelerating the global repair process by means of supplying autologous Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP), in short, growth factors (GFs) extracted from components of the blood of the horse, at the site of the injury.

PLATELET RICH PLASMA PRP is an autologous therapeutic product (created starting with proteins from the blood of the same horse) developed starting with only young bioactive platelets and with a very high concentration of growth factors.

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PRP is an autologous therapeutic product that is able to regenerate soft tissue, bones, cartilage, tendons, muscles and ligamen

Young, highly functional, bioactive platelets are selected. This is following by a viability test and concentrations

The form of presentation of the product, in suspension, allows it to be applied topically or by local injection, so that the growth factors reach their molecular target. This means that one can control, during the clinical application, the liberation of the growth factors in the same place as the injury and at the exact moment required. In addition, topical application is simple, economic and has less of a toxicological risk than the systemic methods.

DIFFERENCES TO OTHER METHODS There are many variations in the procedures for obtaining PRP that, without a doubt, modify the quantities of GFs obtained, and therefore the biological and therapeutic activity of the product. Despite having, on occasion, the same physical appearance, one PRP could contain a high concentration of GFs and another practically none or simply have no action. The whole procedure for obtaining them is carried out following rigorous conditions of sterility under a laminar flow cabinet and by qualified personnel.

MODES OF ACTION GF optimizes the physiological repair mechanisms that start spontaneously in all tissues following an injury, whether this be caused by a trauma, a surgical procedure or an illness. They are proteins that

intervene in cellular communication, transmitting their information on interacting with the receivers located in the cell membrane, inducing a directed cellular migration, proliferation, cellular differentiation and the formation of new blood vessels. All of these being fundamental events in the repair and regeneration of any type of tissue. It has been observed that five days after application, there are, depending on the tissue, up to 50 times more cells working in the treated area (reconstructing it, healing it, regenerating it and, in short, curing it) than if the conventional protocol had been followed. It stimulates and accelerates the physiological processes that lead to the self-repair and the selfregeneration of the damaged tissues. In addition, it improves the immune, cellular and humoral status, reducing the possibility of inflammation. That is to say, the treatment promotes and accelerates the mechanism by which the body repairs itself. The application of the GF concentrate changes the biochemical environment of the injury, influencing the clinical development, a significant decrease in inflammation being observed, as well as an acceleration of the proliferation phase and of repair. Therefore, treatment with GF will shorten the time of immobilization and will accelerate the recovery of the horse. In this way, a better quality tissue will be obtained in a clearly shorter time.

As it is elaborated starting with the blood of the animal itself, this makes it easily available, safe, and cheap

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Protocol for the application of an autologous therapeutic product 1. Chronic ulcer with a one-year evolution that failed to respond to previous conventional treatment. Topical application with small inďŹ ltrations of the active concentrated growth factors at the edge of the wound

ADVANTAGES AND SAFETY It being a totally autologous product, any type of process such as allergies, rejection, or reaction to foreign bodies, is discarded. As it is elaborated starting with the blood of the animal itself, this makes it easily available, safe, and cheap. There are no risks of infection, transmission of disease or any other undesirable effect. In their composition they are only bioactive proteins, with nothing added, and no preservative that would stop it being 100% autologous, and it is therefore not toxic, it is quickly bio-reabsorbed and has an appropriate bio-tolerance.

APPLICATIONS 2: Active concentrated growth factors in gel form

3: Placement of the coagulated bioactive growth factors directly on the injury. Topical application. This product can be applied with no prior inďŹ ltration of the wound

4: Bandaging of the injured area to keep the coagulate in place on the injury

It is a matter of stimulating and accelerating the physiological processes that lead to repair and regeneration of damaged tissue

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It has shown a high capacity and specificity in tissue regeneration, being able to regenerate soft and bony tissues, cartilage, tendons, muscles and ligaments. In joint and muscle-tendon injuries, by means of intra-joint and paratendinous infiltrations, the tendon nodules following excess liquid in the joint always associated with arthritis in the horse and the consequent lameness are resolved. In the gonarthrosis, it impedes the relapse of excess synovial fluid. It repairs muscle fiber tears and hematomas. In tendon injuries (tendonitis of the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT)) and ligament problems (suspensory ligament desmitis (SLD), it promotes repair and it aids the survival of the cells which are present in that tissue. In the repair of fractures and in inter-articular joint therapy and arthritis, a reduction of pain is obtained, plus greater mobility and a repair of both the cartilage and bone injury in the joint. It is applied with success for various serious muscle-skeletal problems. It represents a significant therapeutic tool in numerous pathologies be these due to: trauma; locomotive; maxillofacial; deontological; ophthalmologic; chronic wounds or surgery: vascular; general; cardiothoracic; etc.

CONCLUSIONS Treatment with a high concentration of bioactive growth factors from the animal itself constitutes a new minimally invasive therapeutic focus that has the potential of helping cure injuries to the horse. It avoids the necessity for surgical procedures, improves chronic pathologies and accelerates the processes of regeneration, scaring and rehabilitation. It is a therapeutic tool that accelerates a cure in horses. Marta Abad Collado Graduate in Biochemistry Graduate in Biology Director of the Laboratory of Cellular Therapy and Tissue Engineering

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International ANCCE ORGANIZED TWO CONFORMATION AND GENERAL HORSEMANSHIP CLINICS IN AUSTRALIA AND ONE IN NEW ZEALAND

Participants at the Christchurch clinic in New Zealand

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Continuing with the Promotion Plan and more specifically in reference to clinics held abroad, three such clinics took place in December; two in Australia and one in New Zealand. The clinics enjoyed the collaboration of the PRE Breeders’ Associations of Australia (PREAA) and New Zealand (ACPRE - New Zealand) as well as that of the breeder Cristina Wilkins, who acted as translator Ignacio Bravo, rider, conformation judge and PRE breeder taught the courses which were attended by a hundred riders and breeders, with an average of thirty participants per clinic. Christchurch, New Zealand hosted the first event, which took place on the 6th and 7th of December, while on the 12th and 13th of December the Clinic was held in Queensland and the 14th and 15th in Melbourne—both the latter cities in Australia. They were a huge success and those attending were

delighted with all the information provided by Ignacio Bravo. The clinics took place in two parts, one theoretical and the other practical. The contents were adapted to the needs and requirements at each clinic, but basically all three covered aspects of the conformation and presentation in competitions: the selection, training, handling; and aspects of Dressage and general horsemanship. ANCCE is trying to deepen in the knowledge about PRE horses and to do this it will, during 2009, continue organizing clinics throughout Spain and the world. The purpose of these is to educate breeders and owners about general interest topics in an effort to ensure that the PRE horse is suitably prepared for greater enjoyment.

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The PRE Horse in America

Ana Gilmore with Bolero

In the sixteenth century, King Felipe II of Spain established the official Stud Book for the Pura Raza Espanola (PRE horse). Under his tutelage, the breed standard was cemented and remains largely in effect today. In Spain, the successful versatility of the horse is confirmed by history; as demonstrated by its use on farms, in bullrings, parade routes, battlefields, show rings and breeding pastures, the PRE horse is considered a national treasure. Five centuries later, visitors to Spain continue to be mesmorized by the P.R.E. and have imported horses to their homelands whenever possible. Today aficionados can find revised (approved) Pureblood Spanish Horses in the Americas, Australia, New Zealand, Asia, the Middle East and all over Europe. The appeal is universal, however numbers still remain relatively small so it may be necessary to research and travel to actually see one of these fantastic animals outside of Spain. In the year 2008, this situation remains true in the United States.

U.S. History The 1960â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s provide a good beginning point to examine the history of the PRE in America. Prior to that time, the repeated outbreaks of African Horse Sickness occurring in Spain paired with the rarity of these horses kept the imported numbers small and intermittent. There was limited stock to choose from until African Horse Sickness was controlled and the embargo on equine exportation was lifted around 1964. Another outbreak of African Horse Sickness in 1987 again interrupted the fledgling process but two events in the early 1990â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s stabilized the ability to import horses from Spain and the flow has not stopped since. In 1991, the first SICAB International Horse Fair for Spanish Horses was held in Seville, Spain. Seventeen years later, crowds of horse lovers from around the world, flock to Seville in November to see the best of the best Spanish horses. Aside from the exhibitions, competition, trade show and breeder hospitality booths, trips to close-by Yeguadas and Fincas are common, sales are initiated, business cards exchanged and importations arranged. Newly enchanted visitors return home with thoughts of owning a P.R.E. In 1992 the Olympic Games (Equestrian Events) were held in Barcelona following assurance of complete eradication of African Horse Sickness in Spain. Again, crowds of horse lovers were drawn to Spain where the PRE could be seen. In four short years, at the Atlanta Olympics, Ignacio Rambla rode the PRE stallion Evento to noteable success as part of the Spanish Equestrian Team, finishing tenth overall and a favorite of the audience. This fortuitous success introduced the PRE

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horse to the United States in a new light--as a worldclass sports competitor in all its glory. In 1994 the Cria Caballar, representing the Spanish Stud Book, conducted Inscription and Revision services in the U.S. for the first time. Throughout the previous thirty years, several different American organizations were developing to support the Andalusian horse, which included the PRE. By the nineties, a large number of PRE breeders in the U.S. became convinced that registration of US-bred stock in the Spanish Stud Book was essential to preserve the purity of the breed. Since then, PRE breeders have been able to keep unbroken bloodlines documented through the Spanish-supervised process of Inscription and Revision which registers and approves American PREs with the same privileges of their papered counterparts in Spain. Today, ANCCE is responsible for the Spanish Stud Book and American breeders now must petition them for these needed services.

The Present In a few weeks it will be the year 2009. Across America small herds of PREs live. All in all, there are fewer than 10000 purebred horses descended from revised Spanish stock here. The largest concentrations are in California, Florida and Texas. A percentage

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of these horses are recently imported--primarily from Spain, Mexico, and Puerto Rico. Some can be considered domestically bred because the original Spanish ancestors are several generations back in the pedigree. Some owners have only one horse, a few breeders or show barns host five or ten, and a very few own twenty head or more. The transfer of the Studbook to ANCCE, and the inception of the USPRE Association resulted in a record number of Inscriptions and Revisions in the US in 2008, as those services for the first time became available to all breeders who could genetically prove the purity of their PRE offspring. The number of American-bred PRE foals inscribed into the Spanish Studbook in 2008 was over 1500. The PRE horse has many different purposes; riding, driving, pleasure, and breeding. Some equestrian pursuits are familiar: halter, trail, Dressage, exhibition, English and western training, and breeding. Some historical or traditional disciplines are new to the broader base of Amercian equestrians; Charro, Doma Vaquera, Domo Escuela, Rejonero, and La Garrocha. No matter what the purpose, the common thread is appreciation for the beauty, disposition and talent of the PRE.

recognizing talent and shaping it, The exhibitor must provide proof of quality and reveal faults, the breeder must take this imput and integrate the information into future breeding plans. At every corner is intelligent selection of the best horses. Oversight is provided by an experienced and qualified organization.

Our Challenge Our country is so large. The PRE horse population is spread out over thousands of miles. Many Iberianinfluenced horses are emerging in various arenas, and there is sometimes confusion and levels of understanding about what the PRE horse is. Some enthusiasts are more dedicated to preservation of the breed, while others seek to further enhance their athleticism or functionality. The price of the PRE horse can be very expensive which adds to the already high costs of breeding or showing or even pleasure riding. High cost for quality animals encourages some to breed lower quality horses. Combine all this with the differing cultural and traditional elements and that is the challenge in promoting the PRE in America.

Our Opportunities The Community A unique aspect of the American PRE Horse community is that it inhabits two cultures: English speaking and Spanish speaking groups. There is a natural connection between Spain and Spanish speakers in the U.S. The combination of culture, language, music, custom, and tradition is a powerful glue between the PRE horse and the Hispanic community. Long before importation of purebreds, there was the hacienda, vaquero, riata, yegua and sementale. Horses with Spanish roots have been an important part of the history of the southwest and western U.S. so it is no wonder the concentrations of Spanish horses correlate with the populations of Hispanic-Americans. This part of our community brings a richness of history and tradition to the mix that is very important. It also acts as a conduit for the Engish speaker into certain aspects of the roots of the horse and horsemanship traditions. However, respect for tradition must not seek only to recreate an antiquated version of the horse, for history's sake alone. Other parts of the PRE community take the horse directly into equestrian pursuits such as dressage, saddle seat, western riding, and jumping. Without the built-in cultural influence, this community may immediately try to shape the horse to the job without appreciation of the centuries of culling and dedication to type. It is critical that the whole community join to put the PRE horse first. This can only happen when groups gather and share their knowledge, show their horses, and make changes together. A process that integrates all the needed aspects of both developing and preserving the breed must be in place. The circle of life is breeder, trainer, exhibitor, breeder with communication flowing between the elements. The breeder is charged with preserving and improving the breed. The trainer is charged with

Fortunately, we are talking about an extraordinary breed, and no matter how bumbling his human may be, the PRE horse itself is its own best witness. Our horse, whether demonstrating broodmare skills or giving a brilliant performance at the Olympics, always sells itself. We have the internet, wonderful books, photography, magazines and annual competitions and all kinds of communication forums that keep the discussion alive. We can travel to other countries and make international connections. We have a long history in order to study and learn. We have a horse shaped by centuries of dedicated breeding and selection. We can depend on its character and capability, Although we may have an individual use in mind, we do ourselves and our horse credit by looking at the entire picture and appreciating each individual's contribution to the whole.

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BOLERO, KALIBREテ前, JR AND GRANDIOSO ARE DRESSAGE SUCCESS IN THE USA

Cherri Reiber riding Kabileテアo

The United States PRE Association has established a number of programs to encourage the training and competing of PRE horses in dressage. During the Wellington 2009 season, USPRE has offered High Point Awards programs at 3 High Performance Shows. The first contest was held February 6-8 at the Wellington Classic Spring Challenge CDI3/CDIY/CDIJ. Seven horse and rider combinations competed for the various awards, and USPRE is pleased to announce that the High Point Champions of this show also were placed high if not first in their classes with very respectable results against the top warmblood competition in the United States. Congratulations to the winners!.

USPRE High Point Award Winners Open National Level Champion---Ana Gilmour and Bolero 69.13 (First Place) Training 1

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Open FEI Level Champion---Cherri Reiber and Kabileno 61.579% (Sixth Place) Inter 1 Adult Amateur National Level Champion--Janne Rumbough and JR 67.857% (Second Place) 2nd 4 CDI Level Champion--Courtney King-Dye and Grandioso 72.4% (First Place) Inter-1 Freestyle Courtney King-Dye Debuts a PRE Stallion at the Wellington Classic Spring Challenge CDI3. US Olympian Courtney King-Dye has been training Grandioso III (owned by Kimberly Boyer of Hampton Green Farm) for the past 10 months and debuted the 1999 PRE stallion at the Wellington Classic Spring Challenge CDI3 on February 6-8. The pair competed at the Prix St. George and Intermediare 1 levels in the International classes against a field of 17 horses. The pair finished 6th on the first day, but surprised everyone when they achieved a 68.2% at the Intermediare 1 and came in second only to top-ranked Jan Brons and Teutobad.

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Ana Gilmore riding Bolero

King-Dye and Grandioso continued this upward trend with a stunning win and 72.4% for the I-1 freestyle, a fully orchestrated arrangement of classic Spanish music. King-Dye's plans for Grandioso are the National Intermediare 1 Championships in June in Gladstone, New Jersey, with the goal to compete at Grand Prix in 2010. Grandioso is a stallion bred by the family stud farm, Marín García, and is owned by North American breeder Hampton Green Farm. He reached the USA thanks to Javier Marín, who worked as a trainer and Youngstock manager for several seasons at the stud farm owned by Kimberly Boyer, President of USPREA. Grandioso, a ten year old stallion already warned of his up and coming value this past seventh of February (Saturday) when he came second with an average of 68.211%, in the Intermediare I. He had run through that test for the first time only a week earlier. “This horse is really good,” stated rider King-Dye.

Twenty-four hours later, the son of Adelante and Grandiosa, confirmed the words of his rider with an average of 72.4% and an exceptional success in the Kür Intermediare I, well ahead of Colombian Marco Bernal. This horse and rider were only surpassed the previous day, by Jan Brons riding Teutobod, who earned an average of 71.15%. King-Dye, wanted to present Grandioso in the Gran Prix next year and explained that at Wellington, she wanted to know the opinions of the judges in terms of the progress made by the PRE. Not just said, but done; everyone was surprised, starting with the President of the Field Judges, British Stephen Clarke, who assured Grandioso’s owner, Kimberly Boyer van Kampen, that there is nothing that this horse couldn’t do, being that he is one of the best young horses seen to date. After the victory, Grandioso will work hard to try and qualify for the 2010 World Equestrian Games to be held in Kentucky, (USA).

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USET FOUNDATION NAMES KIMBERLY BOYER, BILL BREWER, AND BILL WEEKS TO BOARD OF TRUSTEES The United States Equestrian Team (USET) Foundation has announced that Kimberly Boyer, Bill Brewer, and Bill Weeks have been named to the organization’s Board of Trustees. The announcement was made at the annual USET Foundation Board of Directors Meeting, held on January 31, 2009, in Wellington, Florida.

Kimberly Boyer Hampton Green Farm

Kimberly Boyer, President of USPRE

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Kim Boyer, a dressage rider and breeder of Pure Spanish Horses, owns and operates Hampton Green Farm (HGF) in Wellington, Florida, and Fruitport, Michigan. HGF is dedicated to the development of the Pure Spanish Horse (PRE – Pura Raza Espanola) for dressage in America. Kim, a mother of four boys, started her involvement with horses when her oldest son, Michael Molinara, became an avid polo player as a youngster. She purchased family horses in Michigan and boarded them, and then in 1997 built her own barn. By 1998, Kim was focused on dressage and made trips to Florida, Germany, Holland, and Spain to buy horses. In 1999, Kim purchased a polo facility in Wellington, renovated it, and in 2000 established HGF there. By 2002, Kim was exclusively importing Spanish horses and promoting the Spanish horse as a dressage horse in America. Her 200acre Michigan facility is home for her breeding stock and the Wellington facility showcases her stallions during the winter show season. All her stallions and broodmares have been imported from Spain and are descendants of national champions. HGF foals have earned many significant awards and achievements. Kim sponsors topnotch riders and her horses compete in national and international FEI arenas, winning titles at prestigious shows. Kim served on the Advisory Board for the Foundation for the Pure Spanish Horse. In 2005, she addressed the World Congress of Breeders of the P.R.E. in Seville, Spain. Currently, Kim is President of the United States P.R.E. Association, serves on its Board of Directors, and is a member of its Management Committee. She holds a PhD in Philosophy in Medieval and Renaissance Studies. Kim is married to Frédéric Boyer and they divide their time between Fruitport and Wellington. “For a dressage enthusiast, it’s a very exciting time to be asked to serve on the USET Foundation Board,” Mrs. Boyer said. “Both nationally and internationally the dressage world is changing dramatically. Especially for Americans, the sport of dressage is taking on a new face – and it’s a very unique American one. There is significant desire on the part of top riders to have more access to our coaching staff, more training for young riders, and more high performance programs, so it’s a great time to get involved with the USET Foundation to promote those programs and raise funds for those programs.”

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+LVWRULDGHO35( I ANCCEMEX GENERAL ASSEMBLY This past 20th of January, the recently created Mexican PRE Association—ANCCEMEX—held its first Assembly. The Association has 65 founding members and approximates 40 associate members, which represent approximately 3000 heads of horses. Joaquín Quintana, President of ANCCEMEX

The Board of Directors is made up of the following: President Joaquín Quintana Vice-president: Víctor González Secretary: Abelardo Morales Treasurer: Fernando González Members: Federico Jiménez Guillermo Salcedo José Antonio Plasencia José Nicolás Morales Rubén Anguiano

Max Michel José Antonio Fernández José Manuel Quintana Ramón Trepalacios José Antonio Cifrián Francisco Talavera Francisco Lona Juan Jorge Favier Gabriel Escoto Pablo Suárez Carlos Mauriño Sergio Mena

Arturo Valencia, Gabriel Escoto, Federico Jiménez, René Jiménez, Francisco Talavera, Joaquín Quintana, Manuel Jiménez, José Antonio Plasencia, Juan Jorge Favier and Víctor González.

JUAN CARLOS ALTAMIRANO CLINIC IN SWEDEN Altamirano teaching at the clinic

Juan Carlos Altamirano traveled to Sweden to hold two clinics, specifically, in the cities of Stockholm and Helsingborg, in the south of the country. The theme of the clinics was principally based on Conformation and the History and Origin of the PRE, following the two main lines, Military Stud farm and Yeguada del Bocado. These were purely theoretical clinics, attended by 40 people, including PRE breeders and enthusiasts. The organizers were very satisfied, since Altamirano was able to transmit to those attending, his profound and expert knowledge of the PRE.

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Rozita, Youngstock Filly Champion in Sweden, owned by Stuteri Tranan

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Caballos y danzas


INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS The goal of this section is to provide a space for associations throughout the world, whether or not they are linked to ANCCE, whose objective is to defend and promote the PRE.

Ecuador: AECCPRE

The PRE Breeders’ Association of Ecuador—AECCPRE— was created on the 24th of November, 1992. It was founded with the backing of notable PRE enthusiasts who drafted the association statutes which were then approved by the Assembly. Among the first activities that the first President, Doctor Wilson Granja Ávalos, was to carry out was to obtain permission from the Ecuadorian authorities to become an Association. As a second stage, and under the same Presidency, AECCPRE was recognized as a PRE Breeders Association by the Office of the Cria Caballar of Spain and before the International Federation of Spanish Horse Breeders FICCE. Thus, all horses imported or born in Ecuador were able, for first time, to be registered in the Stud Book. During the same period the first evaluation commission visited the country. This was presided over by the Cavalry Commander José Bobi Miguel. At this first evaluation, 38 horses were presented for evaluation and identification. Five years were to go by before the Association organized the first conformation competition, under the presidency of Doctor Gonzalo Chiriboga Cháves. Eighty-six horses from thirteen stud farms were presented at this first conformation competition. The event was a real success given the number of horses in the country. An important landmark, during the same presidency, was the signing of the Protocol with the Cria Caballar Office. Thus, ties were officially formalized between Ecuador and Spain for the breeding and promotion of the PRE. Thus, AECCPRE was incorporated as an Association recognized before the international organizations. Special mention must be given to the ties established with ANCCE, the National PRE Breeders’ Association of Spain. Currently, the association has twenty-eight members, with stud farms that are disseminated throughout the provinces of Pichincha, Azuay, Imbabura and Cotopaxi, with a population of 400 horses. The largest stud farms currently have about fifty horses. The

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greatest concentration is in the northern part of the country. The PRE in Ecuador is bred, basically, as a horse for hacking; however, thanks to the promotion and the constant efforts of its members, this breed is entering the competitive field, especially in the modality of adiestramiento (training, similar to dressage). In 2008, the PRE horse obtained a series of first places in both the provincial and national competitions in Ecuador and, at the moment, there is the possibility that the PRE will represent the country in the next Bolivian games. The Ecuadorian association is doing a lot of work to promote and position the breed among horse enthusiasts in the country, where examples of several breeds can be found. English Thoroughbred, the Peruvian Paso, the Colombian Paso, and the Arab are the best known breeds. There are a large number of Criollo horses in the country, which are what are used in agricultural work. According to the 2004 Agricultural Census, there are close to 170,000 horses in Ecuador. In Ecuador, the PRE horse is admired for its beauty, but in no way is the true potential of the breed known. This is why, as of 2008, the Association has been focused on bringing the breed closer to the enthusiasts by means of several activities. The main activity, undoubtedly, is the conformation competition, which has uninterruptedly taken place annually and for thirteen years. This year it will take place in Quito from the 13th to 15th of March at the Quito Tennis and Golf Club El Condado facilities. Spanish judges have come to judge the Ecuadorian livestock at each one of these fairs, and excellent comments and scores have been received from them, especially the quality of the broodmares. With the experience acquired by the breeders, as of 2008, six horses with Ecuadorian breeder codes have been approved following the rigorous demands of the TQB. In addition to the annual competition, the association will participate in several parades throughout the country and at agricultural fairs. Participation in these events seeks to promote the PRE horse by using the media, such as magazines, the press and television, as well as personal interviews and reports about the many activities.

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Cobra, owned by Ganadería La Merced Baja

The high level of horses bred in Ecuador, fruit of a rigorous selection carried out for the last 16 years, has enabled us to begin exporting our horses. More than 25 horses have gone to Colombia in the last four years, where they have obtained excellent places in the conformation-functional competitions held there. In an effort to continue breeding quality horses, the association hopes to be able to hold training activities this year. These will be for the breeders, the personnel who work directly with the horses and the veterinarians who are a permanent support to the stud farms. “Initially, and thanks to the support of ANCCE, on the 13th of March, coinciding with the beginning of the thirteenth competition, we will have a conference about the PRE Selection Scheme. With activities such as this, breeders hope to continue breeding better and improve PRE horses and to place the breed in the position that it deserves”. From the very beginning, AECCPRE has been concerned with positioning the PRE so that its quality is recognized in the market prices. This objective has only partially been achieved. Indeed, on average, they fetch more than their equals of Peruvian and Colombian Paso, TB or Arab, but the average price level is significantly lower than in Spain. Undoubtedly, this works as a hurdle to development, since the acquisition of stallions from Spain for the breeders from

this part of the world implies a series of inconveniences that must be clearly analyzed: the prices of the horses are quoted in euros and that currency has risen a great deal in value against the dollar, which is the legal currency in our country. In addition, the air freight and additional related costs are also substantial. We do not know if ANCCE has contact with the organization that promotes exports from Spain, but it would be very interesting to acquire lines of financing, similar to those enjoyed by several Spanish export products. Lastly, the Ecuadorian breeders have made several attempts and have now invested greatly in imported semen from stallions in Spain with very little success. Other breeds such as Arabs and the Selle Francais are promoting the sale of semen and they already have several foals born in Ecuador. With regards to this, ANCCE must dedicate some effort, since other breeds are doing this and, in fact, this is currently an enormous differentiating factor when deciding to choose to breed a pure bred. As far as we know, in Spain, there is very little experience in this matter and there are practically no foals born from frozen semen. It would be desirable to consistently receive promotional material from ANCCE, to be distributed to the enthusiasts and publicize the successes in the development of the breed in several world sectors.

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THE PRE AND DRESSAGE IN EQUADOR

Bronco IX ridden by José Rafael Bustamante, owned by San José and bred by Hros. Carmen Bonilla

A little bit of history After its auspicious participation in the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games, the 1998 Rome World Equestrian Games, Sydney 2000, Jerez 2002, Athens 2004, Torino 2007, and Beijing 2008, the PRE Horse has shown itself to be a breed with ideal characteristics for the demanding discipline known as Dressage or “Adiestramiento” (Training), used in Ecuadorian Spanish. The mythical names of Evento, Invasor, Flamenco, Distinguido and Fuego XII, amongst others, will go down for posterity, as well as their riders, Rafael Soto, Ignacio Rambla and Juan Manuel Muñoz. Starting with these successes, the breeding of the PRE experienced a major leap in quality, because, in addition to appreciating its conformation characteristics, for which horses were only judged in-hand, with particular attention to their abundant manes and tails, thick neck, short back and magnificent elevated paces, the concept of functionality was introduced: the horse has to be useful for performing any discipline. Today, given the correlation between conformation and movement, the breeding of the PRE is oriented towards the production of a horse that, maintaining the breed characteristics, has a conformation that enables it to brilliantly perform the complicated exercises of Dressage or “Adiestramiento”.

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Toledano X, ridden by Franciska Kinklich, owned by Ganadería Balmoral and bred by Francisco Santiago Ruiz

“Adiestramiento” in Ecuador Dressage has been somewhat relegated in this country, where showjumping competitions predominate. In this field, there are some excellent horses and accomplished riders, both men and women, and of all the ages, who have successfully performed in national and international competitions. “Adiestramiento”, on the other hand, being something that is not in general practice, has had magnificent riders who, in general, train and compete, up to today, on horses of different breeds, particularly Central European. The presence of the PRE in the competition arena is relatively new. Nevertheless, at the most recent competitions of “Adiestramiento”, both national and provincial, PREs taking part achieved magnificent positions. Deserving a particular mention are Toledano X and Bronco IX, who have also reached the exalted level of the Trophy for the Breed Champions in the Conformation Competitions that are annually promoted by the National PRE Breeders’ Association. Ridden by José Rafael Bustamante, Bronco IX took first place at Level III and Francisca Kinklich, riding Toledano X, took third place. This same horse-rider combination was proclaimed Provincial Champion and National Champion of Level IV in the competitions that took place last November in the facilities of the Club Rancho San Francisco and El Condado, respectively. The debut of María José Granja de Guzman and her PRE Horse, Descart, deserves a special mention. They participated in Prix St Georges and achieved the title of Provincial Champion (Club Rancho San Francisco) and National Champion (El Condado). We hope that following their successes in the last championships, the presence of the PRE will increase in the competition arena, and that breeders in Ecuador will promote their excellence and aptitude for performing this and other equestrian disciplines.


$662&,$7,216 Asociación Cordobesa de PRE

THE CORDOBA PRE ASSOCIATION AND CORDOBA EQUESTRE WERE BOTH PRESENT AT SICAB 2008 Once again, the P.R.E. Breeders’ Association in Cordoba and Cordoba Equestre participated in the Sevilla International Equestrian Fair, SICAB 2008, held from the 25th to 30th of November, with their own exposition area. Each year, this magnificent showcase aids the development of various actions focused on promoting and disseminating the excellent horses belonging to the accredited PRE stud farms of Cordoba, as well as marketing CABALCOR, the Cordoba Horse Fair. This is one of the fairs that has grown most in recent years and which has the greatest projection, with visitor numbers exceeding 100,000, and it includes the Equestrian Show “Pasión y Duende del Caballo Andaluz” (Passion and Charm of the Andalusian Horse), performed entirely by riders and horses from Cordoba. There was also an exceptional representation of horses from Cordoba in the Conformation Championships of Spain, with the participation of the following stud

farms: El Eucalipto, Lovera, Plaza de Armas, (which all sought the Best Stud Farm Award), El Royo y La Paloma. The following riders from Cordoba took part in the ANCCE Cup for Dressage: Mr. Francisco Jesus Castro Osuna and Mr. Javier Higuera Carmona, and those from the Yeguada Santa Clara. The Cordovan driver, Mr. Antonio Carrillo Baeza, took first place in the Final of the ANCCE Cup for Carriage Driving in the section for Teams (Four-in-hands), followed by Mr. Juan Robles Marchena. Also, the Cordoba Breeders’ Association wanted to take advantage of this magnificent setting to gather, in a reception held on the 25th of November, the various Cordovan breeders and personalities from the equestrian world. This was attended by José Luis Ramírez, President of the Cordoba Breeders’ Association, Rafael Blanco, President of Cordoba Equestre and José Barranco, President of the Cordoba Carriage Driving Club, among others.

Javier Conde, Manuel Cháves and José Luis Ramírez

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Asociación Abulense de PRE

ADVANCED COURSE IN STUD FARM NUTRITION AND VETERINARY SCIENCE Ávila hosted the advanced course in stud farm nutrition and veterinary science on the 6th, 7th and 8th of February. This course focused on equestrian breeders and enthusiasts. The course was offered by the Avila PRE Breeders’ Association and was organized by Cabalogía S.L. and Avilequus veterinary services, in collaboration with the Foundation for the Promotion of Equestrian Sport, Merial Laboratories, the Castilla y León Regional Government and the Provincial Government of Ávila. Despite the inclement weather—a blanket of snow covered the city on Friday—there were 31 participants from the province of Avila as well as various other parts of Spain. The participants included a variety of people, from stud farm owners to small scale owners of mares, equine enthusiasts, and students from the school itself, who are currently takes a Vocational Training Course in Productive and Sport Husbandry Assistant. According to the reports from those attending, the course was very satisfactory, both with regards to the knowledge acquired, and in its organization. The workshop, held in the City’s Agricultural Training School, began on Friday afternoon with the presentation of Cornelio Carvajal, veterinarian from Merial Laboratories, who informed the attendants about major infectious diseases in the stallion and mare, such as Influenza and equine rhinoneumonitis, as well as about parasitic diseases, and suitable management within the stud farm to prevent them. This presentation was followed by discussion about the importance of stomach ulcers in horses. Saturday was divided between the conferences on nutrition and veterinary science. In the morning, Coby Bolger, equine nutritionist, offered some interesting information bout the raw materials used in feeding stallions, mares and foals, as well as their optimal use and the most appropriate nutritional approach within the stud farm to prevent growth problems. After lunch, veterinarian J. Ignacio Cháves covered the clinical problems that may arise in pregnant mares, what to expect during a normal foaling, the problems mares can have following foaling and the first care to be given to the new born foal. The objective of all this was for breeders to be able to recognize the symptoms described and call the veterinarian in time. Sunday started by covering the clinical problems of the neonatal foal, a subject that was covered by the veterinarian Yolanda Cid. Once again, the objective of this was section was for owners to recognize when their foal is sick and to call the veterinarian, which many times avoiding a fatal outcome. The presentations of the course ended with surgical problems, presented by Jorge de la Calle, Chief Surgeon of the Sierra Veterinary

Hospital of Madrid, who informed the participants about such important problems as limb deformities in the new born, and other clinical problems requiring surgical intervention. Finally, the course was closed by members of the Ávila City Council, the Provincial Government of Ávila, the Agricultural Training School and the Avila PRE Breeders Association, who presented certificates to all the participants.

Attendees of the course

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678')$50

(Publicity - Reports)

Dehesa de Cabeza Rubia Movement and Breeding

â&#x20AC;&#x153;The breeding of the PRE is a challenge, or rather than a challenge, it is an artâ&#x20AC;?

Montes II with two of his brothers

Dehesa de Cabeza Rubia is known for breeding that are excellent saddle horses as well as work horses


R

amón Martín Hernández - Cañizares, breeder by vocation, he began in the PRE world 15 years ago in the family breeding business that was already breeding crossbred horses for work with cattle. At first, it was difficult as there were few possibilities. They started with three mares—the cheapest they could find. The following year, these were sold and they bought another four, and so on, until now. But really, his love for horses and for livestock in general, comes from his grandfather, who had a stud farm in Ciudad Real. His first contact with a PRE was a horse owned by one of his uncles, a great horse enthusiast. That horse played Babieca, in the film, El Cid with Charlton Heston. “That was the day my passion for the PRE began,” stated Ramón Martín. In his family, horse riding was a compulsory subject for everyone; before being a breeder, he was a rider, he played polo, and he trained for two years with Philippe Davenport in the discipline of dressage. This enthusiasm means that his stud farm, Dehesa de Cabeza Rubia breeds horses that are suitable for riding and work. The adjectives that define his horses are “movement and character.” The priorities sought by Ramón Martín as a breeder are very clear: “I look for horses with strength, movement and who retain the good character of the PRE.” With work, consistency and imagination, this breeders has pushed forward the competitive career of several of his best horses, such as Montes II, Guardadamas and Armas Tarugo, “attending competitions provides me with information and knowledge for others; thus, I can compare my horses with others and even with other breeds. In all truth, I am not worried about the European horses.” He feels that the more than one hundred conformation competitions currently in existence are excessive, but confirms that attending them is a good idea as “they allow you to see if you are going in the direction that you want to go, and also to learn of anything lacking in your horses, and you try to improve on your weak points”. Ramón Martín has had a good year, professionally, and his horses have brought him great satisfaction, Montes II became the Reserve Youngstock Colt Champion of Spain and placed first in section 4 at SICAB 2008. He is a son of Armas Tarugo and Haza, daughter of Atiza II, one of the best mares that he currently owns. Ramón Martín defines him as a complete horse, compact, with a

Ignacio Bravo riding Armas Tarugo

My first contact with a PRE was a horse owned by an uncle that placed the role of Babieca in the film El Cid with Charlton Heston. That very day was the beginning of my love for the PRE

Guardadamas ridden by Eva Navarro

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My greatest hope was to become a PRE Horse breeders; it was a childhood dream, and today, it is a reality I seek horses with strength, movement and that have that good personality of my Spanish Horses combination of character and movement that is difficult to find. “I would highlight him as a whole, his beauty and proud bearing. With regards to conformation, his head and neck are most outstanding, followed by his loins and croup. His movement is spectacular, although I have still not been able to get him to move as well at a competition as he does at home; like most of us, he reserves himself for home”. Currently, following the hard, but well performed work of Montes II, with his participation in SICAB 2008, he is enjoying a few months turned out with his brothers, in a 65-hectare field. “At the end of April, I will bring him in, to start his training, and will present him in a competition or two at the end of the spring or start of summer. I hope that he will once again impress the same as he did last year”. Another strong point at Dehesa de Cabeza Rubia is the Guardadamas horse and rider team with Eva Navarro Villamor, a combination that delights all Dressage enthusiasts; as Ramón Martín assures us; “This year we will be able to enjoy them in the Grand Prix tests”.

This stud farm has earned many awards over the years, but three are particularly important as they brought the greatest satisfaction: 2007 Functionality Champion of Spain, with Armas Tarugo, two-year-old Champion and 2008 Reserve Youngstock Colt Champion of Spain with Montes II and the results earned by Lagartera, bred by him, now owned by Javier Díaz Remedo, But his satisfaction is the same, 2007 Reserve Youngstock Filly Champion of Spain and 2008 Youngstock Filly Champion of Spain. “Ever since I can remember, my ambition has been to be a BREEDER, I put this in capitals because I refer to the breeding of all types of animals. I accompanied my father on his farms ever since I was a child. When I was ten years -old, I had my own hamster breeding farm at home, with more than 20 females, and these brought in some pocket money. And so it has continued to today. I breed Iberian pigs, retinto and cross-bred cattle, black merino sheep, and undoubted, to my greatest delight, I AM A BREEDER OF PRE HORSES, a dream that I have had since I was a young boy, and which today is a dream come ture,” concludes Ramón Martín.

Garnacha alongside other mares in freedom

N

ame of the stud farm: Dehesa de Cabeza Rubia

L

ocation of the stud farm: Alconchel (Badajoz)

N

º of horses: 80

F

inca: Dehesa de Cabeza Rubia, covering 1,400 hectares

P

ersonnel: 3

M

ethod of breeding: in absolute freedom. Both mares and youngstock remain turned out throughout the whole year. The males are turned out, separated by age, up to three and a half years of age, in fields of between 10 and 60 Hectares.

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ANCCE

www.ancce.com


&203(7,7,216&$/(1'$5 CONFORMATION COMPETITIONS DATE

COMPETITION

LOCATION

COUNTRY

March 14 - 15

XIII CONCURSO MORFOFUNCIONAL 2099

PICHINCHA

Ecuador

March 19 - 22

EQUIMUR 2009

TORREPCHAECO

Spain

March 19 - 22

BONANZA 2009

SANTA ANA

Costa Rica

March 20 - 22

V CONCURSO MORFOLÓGICO "CIUDAD DE MORÓN"

MORÓN DE LA FRONTERA

Spain

March 26 - 29

SACABCOÍN

COÍN

Spain

March 27 - 28

MALPENSACAVALLI

BUSTO ARSIZIO

Italy

April 2 - 5

FIECVAL 2009

VALENCIA

Spain

April 3 - 5

EQUIOCIO 2009 - FERROL

FERROL

Spain

April 16 - 19

XV FERIA AGROGANADERA VALLE DE LOS PEDROCHES

POZOBLANCO

Spain

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V CONCURSO MORFOLÓGICO :PUERTOLLANO "CIUDAD DE LA ENERGÍA"

PUERTOLLANO

VII CONCURSO MORFOLÓGICO FUNCIONAL CATEGORÍA NACIONAL DE PRE

ALBALÁ

April 24 - 26

II CONCURSO MORFOLÓGICO DE CABALLOS DE PRE "CIUDAD DE ARCOS"

ARCOS DE LA FRONTERA

Spain

April 30 May 03

V CONCURSO MORFOLÓGICO FUNCIONAL DE LAVIANA

POLA DE LAVIANA

Spain

April 30 May 03

EQUIVIR VILLA DE ROTA 2009

ROTA

Spain

April 30 - May 03

FIESTA OF THE SPANISH HORSE

BURBANK

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For more information about the Conformation Calendar for the ANCCE Cup and the Young Horse Circuit to be held in 2008, consult the ANCCE web at: www.ancce.com

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CDI***

MONTENMEDIO

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CDN** / ANCCE Cup

C.H. VIÑUELA

Spain

March 28

CDT

C.I.A.E. EL JUNCAL

Spain

April 2 - 5

CDN** / ANCCE Cup

VALENCIA

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April 25

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www.ancce.com


INTERNATIONAL TRADE FAIRS & SHOWS DATE

TRADE FAIR

COUNTRY

March 3 - 22

HOUSTON LIVESTOCK SHOW AND RODEO

USA

March 5 - 8

THE NATIONAL STALLION SHOW

DENMARK

March 6 - 8

WELLINGTON CLASSIC DRESSAGE CHALLENGE II

USA

March 13 - 15

MICHIGAN STATE STALLION EXPO

USA

March 14 - 15

XIII CONCURSO MORFO-FUNCIONAL

ECUADOR

16

17

March 14 - 22

EQUITANA

GERMANY

23

24

March 17 - 22

HORSES OF THE YEAR SHOW

NEW ZEALAND

30

31

March 19 - 22

INDOOR BRABANT

HOLLAND

March 19 - 22

BONANZA 2009

COSTA RICA

March 19 - 21

DUBAI INTERNATIONAL HORSE FAIR

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

March 27 - 29

MALPENSA CAVALLI MORFOLÓGICO

ITALIA

March 27 - 29

DRESAGE AT EQUESTRIAN ESTATES

USA

April 1 - 4

X FESTIVAL INTERNACIONAL HÍPICA 2009

GUATEMALA

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GRAND NATIONAL RODEO

USA

April 2 - 5

EQUINE AFFAIR OHIO

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April 15 - 19

FEI WORLD CUP LAS VEGAS

USA

April 17 - 19

MIDWEST HORSE SHOW

USA

April 23 - 26

ROLEX 3 DAY EVENTIG

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For more information: ines.parias@ancce.com

Sorry our mistake! In the previous issue, to be precise, number 189, in the Dressage and Conformation sections, the names of the authors responsible did not appear with their articles. José A. Fdez. Lineros was the author of the section of the ANCCE Cup Final for Dressage and María Sáez de Propios was the author each section of the Spanish National Conformation Championships Final.

El Caballo Español

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The information collected, in keeping with the Data Protection Law 15/1999 of Spain, in the current registration bulletin, will be included in the ANCCE Membership file which is registered with the General Data Protection Register, for which ANCCE (PRE Horse Breeders’ Association of Spain) with VAT Number G41071960, is responsible. The reason for the collection of personal information is the economic, accounting and fiscal tasks of our members and to maintain our relationship with the said members to provide information services about the news within the sector through newsletters sent by e-mail or surface mail, as well as to give publicity about your stud farm by including it in the list of members that appears in the final pages of the magazine “El Caballo Español”. You, as the owner of the data, grant and authorize ANCCE to include this information in the aforementioned file, and express you agreement with the conditions described herein; contrarily, it would be impossible to maintain any type of commercial relationship. You may exercise you right to access, rectify, cancel and oppose this information free of charge by contacting ANCCE at the following address: Cortijo el Cuarto (Cortijo Viejo) Sevilla; 41014 Sevilla. Please indicate the reference “LOPD” on your letter.

APPLICATION FOR BREEDER MEMBERSHIP Complete this form if you wish to become a breeder member of ANCCE. To do so, you must be the owner of a PRE mare registered as breeding stock in the Stud Book. OWNER: ___________________________________________________________________ STUD FARM: _________________________ BREEDER CODE: __________________________________________________________ ID NUMBER: ___________________________ ADDRESS: ________________________________________________________________________________________Nº_____________ TOWN: ________________________________________________________________________________ PROVINCE: _______________ POSTAL CODE POSTAL CODE: ___________PHONE Nº: _________________________________________ FAX: _________________ E-MAIL:___________________ BRAND: Nº OF MARES AT THE STUD FARM: _____ ANNUAL FEE: MORE THAN 7 MARES 652 € 472 €

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REGISTRATION FEE (MARKING IT SUBSCRIPTION QUOTA), SEND A BANK TRANSFER TO THE ACCOUNT AT THE CAIXA BANK: 2100-2320-55-0200168822 : SUBSEQUENT FEES: Bank transfer to the above-mentioned account. Check payable to ANCCE. Credit Card: VISA

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The information collected, in keeping with the Data Protection Law 15/1999 of Spain, in the current registration bulletin, will be included in the ANCCE Membership file which is registered with the General Data Protection Register, for which ANCCE (PRE Horse Breeders’ Association of Spain) with VAT Number G41071960, is responsible. The reason for the collection of personal information is the economic, accounting and fiscal tasks of our members and to maintain our relationship with the said members to provide information services about the news within the sector through newsletters sent by e-mail or surface mail, as well as to give publicity about your stud farm by including it in the list of members that appears in the final pages of the magazine “El Caballo Español”. You, as the owner of the data, grant and authorize ANCCE to include this information in the aforementioned file, and express you agreement with the conditions described herein; contrarily, it would be impossible to maintain any type of commercial relationship. You may exercise you right to access, rectify, cancel and oppose this information free of charge by contacting ANCCE at the following address: Cortijo el Cuarto (Cortijo Viejo) Sevilla; 41014 Sevilla. Please indicate the reference “LOPD” on your letter.

También dispone de estas solicitudes en www.ancce,com Application forms are also available at www.ancce.com

APPLICATION FOR ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP Complete this form if you wish to receive the six (6) annual issues of the magazine and timely information from ANCCE in your home FULL NAME:______________________________________________________________________________________________________ FULL ADDRESS: __________________________________________________________________________________ Nº_____________ TOWN: ________________________________________________________________________________ PROVINCE: _______________ POSTAL CODE: ___________PHONE Nº: ______________________ FAX: _________________E-MAIL:__________________________ ANNUAL FEE: SPANISH RESIDENTS 78 €

EU RESIDENTS 118 €

OTHER COUNTRIES 139 €

PAYMENT: REGISTRATION FEE (MARKING IT SUBSCRIPTION QUOTA), SEND A BANK TRANSFER TO THE ACCOUNT AT THE CAIXA BANK: 2100-2320-55-0200168822 : SUBSEQUENT FEES: Bank transfer to the above-mentioned account. Check payable to ANCCE. Credit Card: VISA

MASTERCARD

AMERICAN EXPRESS Nº______________________________________________Caducidad:_________

Standing Order DETAILS OF CLIENT ACCOUNT CODE Please include Swift Number or E-Ban number: Please transfer sums as requested from this account until further notice. In ________________ on_____________ of _______ de 200__

Signed: ………………………………

El Caballo Español

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El Caballo ANCCE ASOCIACIĂ&#x201C;N NACIONAL de CRIADORES de CABALLOS de PURA RAZA ESPAĂ&#x2018;OLA (PRE Horse Breedersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Association of Spain ) ANCCE-Cortijo de Cuarto (Viejo) 41014 Sevilla Telf.: +34 954 68 92 60 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Fax: +34 954 69 03 27 www.ancce.com - ancce@ancce.com ANCCE Libro GenealĂłgico (Stud Book) Nuevo Torneo Empresarial Avenida de la AstronomĂ­a, S/N. Torre 3 Planta 9ÂŞ Oficina 5 Sevilla Telf.: +34 954 97 54 80 +34 954 35 39 89 www.lgancce.com Advertising: Alejandro SĂĄnchez Telf: +34 954 68 92 60 comercial@ancce.com

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Edition and distribution:  bilingual issues for Purebred Spanish Horse breeders and aficionados all over the world, as well as to offices of interest such as: Spanish Embassies, ICEX Offices, Tourism of Spain, etc... Coverage:    breeders and aficionados throughout the world, several copies will be distributed to each of the existent breedersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; associations, for them to redistribute to their members. Frequency:

  tothe thusguaranteeingtheloyalty and continuity of the readers, at the same time as making it easier to access the publication.

J";#Zisnotincluded

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to  whentheirown  is not advertised

Issue

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10-15/02/2009

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3/09

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"additional#forcontracting$  in3issues per year.

4/09

10-15/09/2009

01/09/2009

5/09

10-15/10/2009

02/11/2009

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6/09

10-15/12/2009

04/01/2009

!toassociate  notapplicabletothepublicity-report of stud farms because this is exclusive to breeder-members.

% &'*';< = ;> 3 pages about the stud ?  illustrated with photos and texts.


Revista El Caballo Español 2009, n.190 (ENGLISH)  
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