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Ought design to care about lowering costs? A product often becomes more useful if the costs are lowered without harming the quality D o e s t h e c r e a t i o n o f
Design depends largely on constraints. What constraints? The sum of all constraints. Here is one of the few effective keys to the design problem? the ability of the designer to recognize as many of the constraints as possible? his willingness and enthusiasm for working within these constraints? the constraints of price, of size, of strength, balance, of surface, of time, etc... each problem has its own peculiar list.
Does design obey laws ?
Aren't constraints enough?
Are there tendencies and schools in design?
Yes, but this is more a human frailty than an ideal. Ought the final product to bear the trademark of the designer? of the
In some cases, one may seem appropriate.In some cases, the other, and certainly in some cases,both.
CHARLES ORMOND EAMES
, Jr (June 17, 1907 - August 21, 1978) was an American designer, architect and filmmaker who, together with his wife Ray, is responsible for many classic, iconic designs of the 20th century. He was born in Saint Louis, Missouri, where he studied architecture at Washington University and later opened an architectural practice.
Together with Eero Saarinen he designed prize-winning furniture for NEW YORK'S MUSEUM OF MODERN ART "ORGANIC DESIGN" competition. Their work displayed the new technique of wood moulding, that Eames would further develop in many moulded plywood products, including, besides chairs and other furniture, splints and stretchers for the US Navy during World War II. One great influence on him was the Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen (whose son Eero, also an architect, would become a partner and friend). At Saarinen's invitation, he moved in 1938 with his first wife Catherine Woermann Eames and daughter Lucia to Cranbrook, Michigan, to further study architecture and design at the Cranbrook Academy of Art, where he would become a teacher and head
of the industrial design department. In 1941, Charles and Catherine divorced, and he married his Cranbrook colleague Ray Kaiser, moving with her to Los Angeles, California, where they would work and live for the rest of their lives. In the late Forties, as part of the "Case Study" program, Ray and Charles designed and built the groundbreaking EAMES HOUSE, their home. Located upon a cliff overlooking the Pacific Ocean, and constructed entirely of pre-fabricated steel parts intended for industrial construction, it remains a milestone of modern architecture.
Ar t s & Ar c hi t e c t ur e ma ga z i ne
Th e follow in g q u estion s w ere ask ed b y M ad am e Am ie an d an sw ered b y Ch arles. Th e q u estion s an d an sw ers w ere th e con cep tu al b asis of th e exh ib ition Wh at is D esign ? An ed ited an d sligh tly ch an ged version of th e q u estion s w as u sed as th e b asis of th e 1972 film D esign Q & A (p . 388).