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THE CLARION The Folk Art Newsletter The Museum of American Folk Art 49 West 53rd Street, New York, N.Y. 10019 Summer,1973 Number 3

These attractive stove heating elements represent George Washington and "Birth of the Nation". Both were cast in New York in 1848 and are featured in the current exhibition THE METAL OF THE STATE.


I am pleased to announce on behalf of the Board of Trustees three new appointments made by the Trustees. The Museum has two new trustees on the Board and a new director. Alice E. Burke (Mrs. James E. Burke), has been elected to serve on the Board of Trustees. Mrs. Burke has a special interest in folk art. Her interest in museums and museum work began at Sweet Briar College and continued at the University of Geneva in Switzerland and at New York University Institute of Fine Arts. She was on the staff of the Metropolitan Museum of Art for five years. Mrs. Burke lives in Princeton, N. J. with her husband and two children. Esther Schwartz of Paterson, N. J. has re-joined the Board of Trustees after an absence of several years. Mr. and Mrs. Schwartz are well known collectors of folk art and have been generous supporters of the Museum since it was founded. Now as the Museum increases its activities, her energy and support will be of great benefit. Mr. Joseph P. O'Doherty became Director of the Museum January 1, 1973. Mr. O'Doherty was chosen to direct and administer our growing Museum for his talent in public relations and his business acumen. A dynamic individual, he brings enthusiasm and ability to the position. He believes that the Museum of American Folk Art can become the museum that best relates the American experience. "I hope to establish greater communication with industry, commerce, labor, the professions, academics, and others as a means of broadening the Museum's service to the greater American community. Our young people will be introduced to our nation's folk heritage by expanding the Museum's policy of school group visits." In the short time Mr. O'Doherty has been Director, the Museum has made great progress. Read about it in this newsletter.



As the new director of your Museum, I would like to present you with a few of my thoughts about the Museum - where it is and where it can go. The Museum has become a very exciting place to be as old goals are met and new goals are set: Our attendance figures for the current fiscal year are almost 60% higher than for the corresponding period last year. Sales for "The Spirit of Christmas Past" show topped those for any previous program. Our third "grassroots" exhibit, OCCULT, proved so popular that it was extended for five weeks. We displayed the paintings of J. Frederick Huge at the South Street Seaport Museum, a fitting setting for nautical works. The Huge exhibition is a big step forward for the Museum. Not only do we have two exhibitions running concurrently, but we have displayed the art in an area where it is best suited and where the most people could see it. This is a totally new museological concept. Other efforts to bring folk art to the people include our quilting classes (including special free ones for school children) and various lecture series (there were seven lectures for the OCCULT show alone!). The second of our Bicentennial shows, THE METAL OF THE STATE, is now open and it looks as if it will be as big a success as THE FABRIC OF THE STATE which has just been on tour. METAL OF THE STATE is booked to tour after it closes (continued)

at the Museum. This summer the Museum initiated a totally new program entitled CELEBRATE AMERICA, an indoor/outdoor summer festival taking place in the plazas, malls and open areas of the Rockefeller Center complex and the Avenue of the Americas, as well as in the adjacent window display areas. CELEBRATE AMERICA programs bring folk art to the thousands of visitors who come to New York during the summer. on "The This autumn the Museum is sponsoring a course York New through Art" Significance of American Folk course The . program on" University's "Continuing Educati uished disting by art will include ten lectures on folk folk art lecturers. provide in terms of As you know, the services our Museum can and education are exhibitions, collection accessions, research, should be obvious limited because of our physical restriction. It are the major that we need our own building. "Where" and "how" funds to unanswered questions: we need a site, and we need the develop it properly. n, but Money is a major problem, not only for a new locatio what we for l gratefu are We Museum. also for the improvement of our l Nationa the and Arts the on receive from the New York State Council greater needs Museum the , Endowment for the Arts. But, at present support from private donators. the Museum Please let us hear from you. What would you like ? New exhibit to to do? Any ideas for shows? Special collections and Tattoo, , "grassroots" show possibilities (to follow the Macrame possibilities? Occult exhibitions)? Any potential fund raising director. It is your Museum, and I am pleased to be its ent. us work together for its betterm




The current exhibition is THE METAL OF THE STATE, the second in a series of five annual exhibitions on the folk art of New York State for New York's celebration of the Bicentennial. It is an in depth study of the many ways various metals have been used to serve and decorate New York. THE METAL OF THE STATE is one of the most diversified collections of metal ever assembled: items made from cast iron, wrought iron, tin, copper, brass, pewter, and silver which were created during the past two hundred years. This show is made possible through grants from the New York State Council on the Arts and the National Endowment for the Arts. The Museum is also grateful to the many collectors, New York museums and New York historical societies that lent us their most exceptional pieces of metal folk art for the exhibition. There is a catalog of the show which can be ordered through the Museum shop. METAL OF THE STATE will be showing through July 1st. then go on tour to several museums around New York State.

It will



The South Street Seaport Museum was the site chosen for the beautiful display of Jurgen Frederick Huge's paintings. Many of his paintings of steam and sail ships blended in very well with the atmosphere of the Seaport. J. Frederick Huge was born in Germany and came to the United States when he was in his early twenties. He settled in Bridgeport, Connecticut. Huge began painting ships and landscapes around 1830 and continued to paint until his death in 1878. This exhibition was the first comprehensive display of his work. The exhibition coincided with the publication of a booklet on Huge by the Archives of American Art, a branch of the Smithsonian Institution. It was written by Jean Lipman, a Museum trustee. The opening on March 16th was a great success. Guests included many members of the Museum, The South Street Seaport Museum, and the Archives of American Art. Dr. Donald S. Huge, a descendant of the artist, and his wife came specially from Houston, Texas. Our Museum is very grateful to the South Street Seaport Museum and particularly to its President, Peter Stanford, and Frank Braynard, Director of Special Programs. We are also thankful to Mary McHugh of the Seaport who was there daily to help with the exhibition. A big reward for doing an exhibition such as this is that several Huge paintings were discovered as a result of the show.

43 unit erf)iff.

OCCULT On January 15 when members of the press and members of the Museum arrived for the opening party for OCCULT they were greeted by the peaceful happy faces of a dozen or so people dressed in long red robes. These people were from the New York Coven of Welsh Traditional witches and they had helped in setting up part of the exhibition by loaning their altar and items used in their ceremonies. Guests were also greeted by two television crews and a "witches brew" punch that bubbled and smoked. OCCULT was the third exhibition in the "grassroots" series and was funded by The National Endowment for the Arts. OCCULT brought to public attention the decorative aspects of the many supernatural beliefs practiced in America, from hexerei to palmistry. An added highlight of the exhibition was the participation of the School of Innervision. Every day a member of the school was at the Museum giving readings, proceeds of which went to the Museum. The Museum sponsored a series of seven lectures; lectures on various occult topics. These lectures were very well attended indeed, and the Museum plans to enlarge its series of lectures to its members in the future. OCCULT, assembled by Herbert Hemphill and William Harris, received a great deal of acclaim, from reviews in the London Times and The New Yorker as well as many radio and television talk shows devoted solely to the exhibition. OCCULT was so successful that it was extended an extra five weeks.

Several trustees and members of the Museum staff lectured to other organizations such as a lecture,on "Scrimshaw" at The South Street Seaport Museum and a lecture on "Occult" to the Mystery Writers of America.


The Christmas season was a very successful one for the Museum, especially for Nelle Hankinson's Museum shop. The shop was enlarged to service the gift seekers that came to the city. A special bazaar table was set up stocked with many fine pieces of folk art that were donated by several generous members of the Museum. THE SPIRIT OF Museum is thankful up the exhibition, and many beautiful

CHRISTMAS PAST was a warm and joyful show. The to John Kern of Hallmark for his help in setting which included two wonderfully decorated trees toys.

The Museum is grateful for the efforts of Mrs. Micki McCabe and her family. Mrs. McCabe demonstrated to visitors of the museum how to make lovely Christmas decorations with items around the house. Leslie and Dawn McCabe with the help of their friend Kathie Johnson made a beautiful gingerbread house every Saturday afternoon. The houses were decorated with different types of candy - candy that often proved to be too much of a temptation to the many children that came through the Museum during the show. 4155 persons came during the show and all sales records were broken. It was a very Merry Christmas for our Museum.


On October 3rd an exhibition opened that brought together the traditions of the past with the topics of the present. With the 1972 presidential race decorating bumpers and lapels across the nation, HAIL TO THE CHIEF demonstrated how former campaigners decorated their followers with symbols, smiles, and slogans. In addition to campaign art Herbert Hemphill, curator of the exhibition, included many fine pieces of folk art that were made as tributes to various popular presidents, such as a painting by Ralph Fasanella of the Kennedy Assassination and a painting by Joseph Pickett of Washington on his horse.

*C*E*L*E*B*R*A*T*E* *A*M*E*R*I*C*A*



-- 1973 Special Summer Program

The CELEBRATE AMERICA special summer programs are conceived as four separate summer shows -- through the bicentennial summer of 1976. Each summer's program will consist of several exhibits, with appropriate special programs, demonstrations, lectures, and classes. The CELEBRATE AMERICA special summer shows are staged in the plazas, malls, and open spaces of the Rockefeller Center complex and along the Avenue of the Americas with exhibits of Folk Art in the various buildings and show windows adjoining these open spaces. With this festive type show, Folk Art -- the art of the people -- would be brought out in the open where the people are. The first of this series of CELEBRATE AMERICA through Folk Art will concentrate on many of the basic folk art materials:

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1) The Whole Cloth of America - as personified in Folk Art. Exhibits include quilts, samplers, rugs, weaving, crewel, embroidery, lacework, clothing, and costumes, even flags. Special skills demonstrated are quilt-making, lace making, and sewing, and special interest items such as sheepshearing, wool gathering, and dyeing of the fabric. Just as quilting represents the gathering together of many diverse and varied pieces of cloth into an ordered whole that can be a thing of beauty, so it has been with this America. And the quilts and the flags and embroidery and all tell the story of what's happened in this country. 2) Metal Folk Art - from the ornamental to the utilitarian, encompassing such matters as weathervanes, utensils, tools, ornamental iron work, pewterware, copperware, toleware, guns, even musical instruments. Among the demonstrators will be a blacksmith and other metal working craftsmen.

There are appropriate banners and music to give the area a festive nature, in keeping with the folk art motives that will help draw people to the show. It is anticipated that each of these shows will last four weeks. The exhibition is open from 10:00 A.M. to 7:00 P.M., with the live demonstrations from 2:00 P.M. to 7:00 P.M., from Monday until Friday, the busiest days of the week for the area.

There is such a wealth of material to be included. Tentatively, however, we envision the shows for the following three summers to be as follows: 1974:

1.) 2.) 3.)

(For additionals details, please see special write-up on 1974 CELEBRATE AMERICA program.) Wheels of America, Part I -- Railroading Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean Ceramic Folk Art

1975: 1.) 2.) 3.)

Wheels of America, Part II -- Automotive Contemporary Folk Art Social Aspects of Folk Art (Survival/Ecology/Labor/ Ethnics, etc.)

1976 - The Bi-Centennial Year: 1.) 2.) 3.)

Flags and Insignia Documents and Paper Folk Art and Religion

*C*E*L*E*B*R*A*T*E* *A*M*E*R*I*C*A*




1974 Special Summer Program

The 1974 CELEBRATE AMERICA summer program will be a natural extension continuing the 1973 shows that initiated the series. Again, the program will give the folk art back to the people, by being on display where so many people gather the malls, plazas, and open spaces around the skyscrapers of Rockefeller Center and the Avenue of the Americas. Again, the theme will be the development of America, as portrayed by its folk artists in many media. For 1974 the three shows will be: 1.)

Wheels of America, Part I - Railroading. Here prints, paintings, and many types of art work will commemorate the opening of the country by the railroads. From caboose art to Currier & Ives to the folk art work of the various immigrant groups that constructed the railroads -- every aspect will be shown. Possibly the hobo art that decorates freight cars will be included, together with lectures. The Folk Art will reflect the romance of railroading -- even the fun of toy trains and model railroading.


Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean -- Naval pictures and art work, whaling materials, scrimshaw, paintings and sea scapes, figureheads and sails, macrame -all will be included. From submarines to supertankers, from privateers to yachtsmen, there were many contributors.


Folk Art Ceramics -- this exhibit would include the many examples of glass, pottery, earthenware, china, stoneware, figurines, and bottles that have been the objects of folk artists since the country's founding. Potters would demonstrate their crafts, and the glassblowers would enchant with their magic for forming beautiful things.

Once again, the Museum would plan the shows to bring a summer of folk artists delight to the visitors to this center of the country's biggest city. Nine weeks, three weeks per show. Come again next year, and the year after!


This coming autumn the Museum of American Folk Art in cooperation with New York University will present a ten session course on Monday evenings. The course, "The Significance of American Folk Art", will be part of N.Y.U.'s Division of Liberal Studies' "Continuing Education" program. Each Museum member should receive a catalog from the university giving complete details. (About 200,000 copies of the catalog will be mailed by N.Y.U:). Coordinating the course for the Museum of American Folk Art will be Ruth Andrews. She was the producer and broadcaster of the daily WQRX program "An Eye on Art", surveying exhibitions in the museums and galleries, and interviewing artists, museum directors, and critics. The program gave both an overview and an inside view of art in New York. This N.Y.U. course will feature a number of well-known guest lecturers and field trips to both private collections and museums. The Museum is pleased to be cooperating with N.Y.U. on this venture. Hopefully, all concerned will benefit: the Museum, with increased exposure and recognition; the enrollees and the university community with broadened awareness and knowledge of folk art.


In February the Museum embarked upon a new venture. School children in the 7th and 8th grade from Our Lady of Lourdes School on West 143rd Street in New York City, came to the Museum every Monday for five weeks to learn how to make a decorative quilt. The children were supplied with quilting kits and were instructed by Mrs. McCabe. The Museum paid for their tuition and quilting kits. At the Museum the children learned the specific techniques used to make a quilt. Just as in the "quilting bees" of our heritage, these children worked together to make a quilt, a quilt which they are now proudly displaying in their school. This program was a further attempt by the Museum to reach beyond its walls. These children learned many new skills, they learned something about America's heritage and they learned to work as individuals and as a team. The Museum has also been giving adult quilting classes. These classes are very successful and the Museum plans to continue giving classes in the future. If you are interested and wish to know more, please write the Museum. Please let us know if there are other classes that the Museum might consider.


There are many ways to help support the Museum of American Folk Art. Some people with folk art collections help by donating or loaning works of art. Other members and friends are generous with donations of funds to help cover the Museum's expenses. But, the Museum needs help in one more important area - it needs volunteers. The Museum operates on the smallest possible budget, therefore the staff is kept very small - too small. There are so many things to be done to make our Museum better and we could use your help and free time to accomplish our goals. And spread the word, let your friends know about the Museum and ask them if they would be willing to help, especially for the summer program. RECENT DONATIONS

The Museum would like to thank the following donors for their gifts: Dorothy C. Miller - Embroidered mourning picture. Ida and Abe Schechter - Carved bird and several other interesting items. Clara W. Mayer - Two Navajo baskets. Helen Quincy Woodard - Silk patchwork quilt. Robert Patterson - Afghan. The Museum is also grateful to the following donors to the Christmas Bazaar: Mrs. Richard Taylor, Terry Ditenfass, Mrs. William E. Morthland, Miss Anne Hunt, Marjorie Camp, Katherine Kosmak, Herbert Hemphill, as well as from all the trustees and from anonymous donors. NOTICES On January 23rd the Museum gave a breakfast for antique dealers who were exhibiting at the Winter Antiques Show. Many dealers came and expressed great interest in the Museum. Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Barenholtz discovered in France paintings by Jacques Milet, a French folk artist who paints toys. These paintings are being used in an exhibition of early toys at the Museum of the City of New York.

The South Street Seaport Museum celebrated its eighth anniversary between Friday, May 18th and Tuesday, May 22nd. Maritime Weekend, as the celebration was called, featured a carnival with rides, food, and fireworks (on Sunday evening) and the opening of a ferry that will run from the Seaport to Brooklyn. On July 4th the Seaport will have a bicentennial walk through the historic sites of lower Manhattan. For more information call 212-349-4310. Mr. Peter Tillou (who recently lent the Museum a Huge painting for the Huge show) is having an exhibition of his folk art collection at the University of Connecticut in Storrs, Connecticut. Later this summer the show will be exhibited at Cooperstown, New York. NANTUCKET LIGHTSHIP BASKETS by Katherine and Edgar Seeler (Life members of the Museum) is now being featured at the Museum Bookshop. The following is a review of the book which appeared in the December 1972 issue of ANTIQUES Magazine.

NANTUCKET LIGHTSHIP BASKETS, by Katherine and Edgar Seeler, photographs by Sandy Roca, 116 pp., 51 illus., 2 color pls. (Deermouse Press, Nantucket, Mass. 02554; $9.95)

This, the first and only book about Nantucket lightship baskets, is simply and clearly written and provides a solid foundation for further study. Until now published material on these famous baskets has been very limited and often mistaken. For example, the authors of this book establish that the so-called lightship basket did not originate on the lightship, as had been popularly supposed, but that there were six distinct periods in its evolution: Indian, farm, rattan, lightship, postlightship, and modern handbag. Because baskets made by the island's Indians were fragile and useless for anything but storage and berrypicking, Nantucket farmers learned to make heavier, more durable farm baskets. The wooden bottom, which persists to this day, appeared at this stage. In the third period rattan from the Pacific displaced the traditional hickory and ash splints, and the prototype of the Nantucket basket was complete. The fourth period began with the establishment of the South Shoal lightship in 1856; the crew made baskets on board in their spare time. No more baskets were made on the ship after about 1895, but some of the men carried on their craft on land and taught those who made the baskets of the fifth period. Here and there a woven lid foreshadowed the handbag of today--a covered basket with a wooden plaque on the top decorated with carved whales, seagulls, or other nautical devices.

The Museum of American Folk Art welcomes the following new members:

New Life Members Louis Baker

The Honorable Douglas Dillon New Corporate Members

Exxon Rockefeller Center, Inc.

Time, Inc. McGraw-Hill, Inc.

New Family Members Mr. and Mrs. Darwin Bahm Mr. and Mrs. Irwin Dienstag Mrs. Thad Horton Mrs. Joseph Kastner Mr. and Mrs. Richard F. Lamb M. H. Levins

Dr. and Mrs. Lowenstein Mr. and Mrs. Roger Malkin Mr. and Mrs. Lester Morse Ellen and Robert Rose-Kuperman Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Paul Sypniewski Mrs. L. A. Wier

New Full Members Mrs. A. J. Andon Milon A. Barnes Barbara Bennett Carla Blomquist Mrs. M. C. Bokelman Hilda Borcherding Caroline Brown, M.D. Justine Carson Hanna Cohen Gaila P. Coughlin Mrs. J. H. Crawford, IV Mrs. Doris E. Eckert Randi Eppridge Mrs. Morris Firtell Paul Flack Mary Galante Howard Garrett Mindy Gars Gary Gewant Myra Gewant Rosemary Gilman Will Grossman, M.D. Mrs. Polly Guerin Mrs. Richard Haders

Betty Lord Mrs. Herbert W. Marache, Jr. Douglass Maass Felice Merton Barbara Miller Kay A. Miranda Eileen Moroney Maureen Mullarkey Mrs. J. 0. Parson, Jr. Joanna Pisello Francis Polizio Maze Pottinger Mrs. T. B. Pratt, Jr. Robert Pribble Burt Purmell Joel Ropp Mrs. Harry T. Rice Mrs. Ann Richmond Nan Rosenblatt Carol Schuler Doris Simon Andrea Lynne Slatin Andrea Smayan Mrs. Jay Stuart

Stuart Hunt Michaeline Kiss Charles Klamkin Jim Kronen Marilyn LaRocco Edward Leight Judith Lewis Dr. William Levitt William S. Lieberman

S. Robert Teitelman Joan L. Thayer Ewald Van Elkan Village Green Antiques Wolf vonDemBussche Mrs. R. Warmer Mr. Bartlett Warren Lenore M. Weber Mary Elizabeth Wendt

New Friends Elizabeth Abbott Patricia L. Barnes Miss M. Bavuso Teresa Berger Grace Brod Linda Brown Ruth Burr Russell Burrowes Ilona Burstein Petra Cabot Leo Caccia Marjorie H. Camp Cynthia Cantelope Bob Carter Anna Chapo Tan Christopher Marlene Copeland Allen Coulter Kenneth Cox Alice Danziger Dorothy R. Davis Joseph DeGennaro Arthur Delorenzo Dale DiPierre Robert Drake Rose Drewes Letty Eisenhauer Sheldon Evans David Fanger Joanne Flanagan Raymondo Fornoni Elizabeth Free Karen Frerichs Marietta Germano Louie Gilroy Raymond Glanbock Harold Goldberg

Gabriella Kurlan Emily LeBaron Barbara Lebensfeld Jeffrey Lefkowitz Roberta Levitow Lorraine Lewick Warren Martin, Jr. Suzanne Maurizio Louise McAndrew Laurel McKee Philip H. McNemer Molly Meezan Madeleine Monnet Robert Muller Irene Nelson Ellen Oakland Mrs. T. Obrebska Dorothy Oglesby Sondra Ordover Denis E. Paddock Angela Palladino Maria Palmeri Francine Pelly Muriel Pfeffer Marilyn Pfeifer Daniel Plung Perry Prelesnik Luis Reyes Beth Roemer Michael Roselli Julie Runk Allyn Salpeter Wanda Santos James Sarbaugh Sharon Schauben Philip Schonberger Mitchell Schwadron

New Friends (continued) Anne Goodman Frances S. Goulart Nancy Green Harriet Groopman Allen Guggenheim Barbara Harris Garland Harris Mrs. Thomas Hawks Barry Hesselson Charles House Kenneth Jeffer Maralynne Joldoff Mrs. William L. Johnson M. A. Jung Laura Kamil Dorrie Kavanaugh Hilda Kirby Richard Kellaway Gabriele Knecht Rosemary Koegh Phyllis Konishi

Robert Schwartz John Senese, Jr. Charles Siegel Renee Shevlin Dr. Maurice Shilling Marjorie Sorensen Sandra Speier Edmund Squire Jannis Stenger Marie Stern Ernest Stewart, Jr. Elizabeth Stone Mrs. J. L. Strauchon Carol Szymkowicz Yutta Van Seht Nancy Vlack Sheila Walker Nancy Waterman Barbara Weinberg Marion Weinstein Wool & Wool, Inc. Robert Wysel

MUSEUM SHOP Catalogs and Books of Special Interest Available in Museum Shop

The Metal of the State (Current Exhibition Catalog) $1.00 Rediscovery: J. F. Huge (Jean Lipman) $4.50 Early American Wood Carving (E. 0. Christensen) $2.50 American Decorative Wall Painting 1700-1850 (N. F. Little) $7.50 Early American Wooden Ware (M. E. Gould) $9.35 Antique Tin & Tole Ware (M. E. Gould) $12.00 American Country Tinware 1700-1900 (M. Coffin) $12.50 American Folk Art in Wood, Metal, and Stone (J. Lipman) $3.50 Early Iron Ware (E. L. Smith) $1.25 The Blacksmith (Gunnion & Hopf) $3.00 National Types of Old Pewter (Cotterell, Riff, Vetter) $5.95 Shipcarvers of North America (M. V. Brewington) $3.00 J. W. Fiske 1893 (Pyne Press) $4.95 America's Quilts & Coverlets (Safford-Bishop) $25.00 American Painted Furniture 1660-1880 (Fales, Bishop) $33.50 Customs and Fashions In Old New England (A. M. Earle) $2.95 Centuries and Styles of the American Chair 1640-1970 (R. Bishop) $27.50 A Book of New England Legends & Folk Lore (S. A. Drake) $3.75 The Fabric of the State (Exhibition Catalog) $2.00 Stewart E. Gregory Collection (Exhibition Catalog) $1.00 Ammi Phillips - Portrait Painter 1788-1865 $6.00

LEGACIES AND BEQUESTS Friends and members of the Museum who have watched it grow with their help and support may wish to consider working out a plan to help the Museum continue its progress. A legacy or bequest is one way to insure the future of the Museum of American Folk Art and to insure that it can go on serving its members and the public with interesting and informative exhibitions. Any gifts to the Museum are tax deductable. If you are interested in such a plan please contact the Museum. NAME: ADDRESS: CITY: Mail to:



Museum of American Folk Art, 49 W. 53rd St., N.Y., N.Y. 10019

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MUSEUM OF AMERICAN FOLK ART 49 West 53 Street New York, N. Y. 10019 (212) 581-2474

Joseph P. O'Doherty, Director BOARD OF TRUSTEES Barbara Johnson, President Stewart E. Gregory, Vice President Marian Johnson, Secretary Nancy Lassalle, Treasurer Edith Barenholtz Alice E. Burke Jean Lipman Adele Earnest Esther Schwartz Richard Taylor

Sheep shearer cutting the ribbon at the opening ceremony of CELEBRATE AMERICA. (See page 10)

Newsletter Editor:

Bruce Johnson

The Clarion (Summer 1973)