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Alexander Historical Auctions An affiliate of Alexander Autographs

LIVE AUCTION WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 30, 2013 - 11:00 AM EASTERN THURSDAY, JANUARY 31, 2013 - 11:00 AM EASTERN


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Terms and Conditions of Sale 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

13.

14. 15.

16. 17. 18.

19. 20.

This auction is conducted under the laws of the State of Connecticut. This auction will begin at 11:00 AM Eastern time on Wednesday, January 30 and Thursday, January 31, 2013. There is a 19.5% Buyer’s Premium charged on the final hammer price of each lot. An additional 3% (for a total of 22.5%) will be added to lots purchased live through the Internet via artfact.com. The Auctioneer reserves the right to reject any bid for any reason. The Auctioneer reserves the right to withdraw any lot for any reason. In the event of duplicate high bids, the earliest bid received will be the winner. (Please note absentee bids left with artfact.com do not reach the auctioneer until the lot opens during the live sale). Some lots may carry a reserve beneath which the item will not be sold. Any reserve will always be at or below the low estimate. Detailed descriptions of lots and photocopies are available upon request. Bidders are advised that we warrant ONLY printed descriptions and additional information set forth in the addenda and from the auction block. Illustrations of lots in this catalog and our website may have had size and/or contrast modifications for display purposes. Estimated selling prices are for your guidance only. Actual selling prices may be higher or lower than the estimate indicated, although our estimates tend to be accurate. The placing of a bid legally binds the bidder to purchase the lot at or below the bid placed, plus buyer's premium (see item 3). Bids may not be retracted without our approval: those doing so will be banned from future participation and will be reported to the trade. Please think before you bid! You are legally bound once you do so. Absentee Bidding. All bidding is undertaken in a competitive manner. The winning bid will always be one bidding increment over the second highest bid. The minimum acceptable bid for any lot is one-half of the low estimate given in the item description. Bidders may call us at 203-276-1570 during office hours to check the status of their bids. Live bidding: Bids entered during the course of the sale by bidders on the floor, on the phone, or live on the internet will be taken at the amount bid. Payment is expected immediately upon, (but not before) receipt of invoice. Payments may be made via mail, phone, fax, or in person. We accept checks, money orders, Visa, Mastercard, American Express and PayPal (payable to sales@alexautographs.com). All accounts are payable to Alexander Historical Auctions. Payment must be made in U.S. funds. Wire transfer details are available upon request. Please note that lots purchased are subject to sales taxes where applicable unless a resale number is filed with us prior to the auction. Invoices not paid within thirty days of the date of invoice will incur a 1.5% per month late payment fee. Handling, shipping and insurance charges will be added to the invoice. Note: large, heavy and bulky itmes are not shipped by the auctioneer. Client is responsible for arranging shipments for these pieces. Please see the page titled "Bidding Procedure" for contact information for reccomended shippers. All autograph material in this sale is guaranteed genuine for the life of the original purchaser (unless otherwise stated or if contrary to other provisions of these terms). Any autograph item sold which is determined to be not authentic by two independent dealers or authenticators acceptable to both parties to the sale may be returned by the original buyer at any time for an immediate refund of the purchase price (only). Non-autograph items are guaranteed genuine for a period of twenty-one (21) days of receipt if determined to be not authentic by two independent dealers or authenticators acceptable to both parties to the sale. Any declarations of lack of authenticity by any party must be made in writing. Items may also be returned if the catalog description differs significantly from the item’s actual state; such returns must be made within three (3) days of purchaser's receipt of the lot(s). All returned lots must be in the same condition as shipped. All items are in very good condition unless stated otherwise. Any lot containing five or more items is not subject to return for any reason. We do not examine the condition of items contained within frames beyond what is readily visible. Such defects may include, but may not be limited to: mounting, silking, marginal damage, closed tears, “mat burn”, etc. That being the case, we are not responsible for such hidden damage. Bidders are further advised that we are selling the autograph, not the frame, and therefore the condition of the frame shall not be considered reason for return. Shipping costs for framed items may vary greatly depending on the size and/or weight of the frame, and at times these charges may be quite substantial. Customers may request us to remove an autograph from its frame to reduce shipping charges. We will accommodate customers in that respect for an additional charge of $10.00 per framed item, but such service will be undertaken at our sole discretion. Alexander Historical Auctions will be responsible for any damage caused to the VISIBLE area of the item as it appears in the frame. We will in no way be responsible for any pre-existing hidden damage or defect, nor will we be responsible for any damage caused by us to any previously hidden portion of the autograph, its mount, or any material matted with the autograph during removal from the frame. Property purchased and paid for by successful bidders but remaining unclaimed after 120 days will be deemed abandoned and title will be ceded to Alexander Historical Auctions, LLC. The placing of a bid shall constitute acceptance of the preceding terms and conditions of sale as well as the Bidding Procedure guidelines posted in this catalog.

We are proud members of the

PROFESSIONAL AUTOGRAPH DEALERS ASSOCIATION, THE MANUSCRIPT SOCIETY, THE EPHEMERA SOCEITY and the U.A.C.C. and adhere to their respective codes of ethics.

Bidding Increments $20-100

$10

$1,000-2,000

$100

$100-500

$20

$2,000-5,000

$250

$500-1000

$50

$5,000-10,000

$500

$10,000+

$1,000

(or at auctioneer’s discretion)


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LIVE & INTERNET AUCTION WEDNESAY, JANUARY 30 & THURSDAY, JANUARY 31, 2013 Auctions begin at 11:00 A.M. at our Stamford, Connecticut offices. ORDER OF SALE Part I, Wednesday, January 30, 2013 World War II - Autographs & Documents Lots 1 - 151 World War II - The Holocaust Lots 152 - 196 World War II - Posters & Photography Lots 197 - 228 World War II - Relics, Uniforms,, & Flags Lots 229 - 352 General Militaria Lots 353 - 400 Colonial & Revolutionary War Lots 401 - 418

OUR WEBSITE FEATURES Searching and Sorting. Looking for a particular name, term or keyword? You may search the entire contents of our current auction catalogs using our handy search function. Search results may be sorted by name, estimate or category. Complete Illustrations! To see items not pictured in our printed catalog, simply enter lot number in the View Lot field and press enter.

Part II, Thursday, January 31, 2013 The War Between The States Americana Presidents and American Politcs Royalty and Heads of State Science, Exploration, Aviation & Space Authors, Artists & Composers Entertainment & Sports Notables & the Notorious!

Lots 419 - 497 Lots 498 - 523 Lots 524 - 608 Lots 609 - 648 Lots 649 - 700 Lots 701 - 745 Lots 746 - 800 Lots 801 - 837

Payment is Easy! We welcome Visa, Mastercard, checks, money orders and PayPal to sales@alexautographs.com

Alexander Historical Auctions 860 Canal Street, 2nd Floor, Stamford, Connecticut 06902

Telephone: (203) 276-1570 Fax: (203)504-6290 OUR STAFF: BILL PANAGOPULOS, KIETH MYERS, ANDREAS KORNFELD, VICTORIA TILLOTSON, MINDY GREENSTEIN, PETER KLARNET AND MARK SCHMIDT-FELLNER

A B B R E V I AT I O N S A.L.S. Autograph Letter Signed L.S. Letter Signed T.L.S. Typed Letter Signed D.S. Document Signed S.P. Signed Photo A.Q.S. Autograph Quote Signed I.S.P. Inscribed Signed Photo A.D.S. Autograph Document Signed

A.M.Q.S. Autograph Musical Quote Signed b/w Black and white n.p. No place indicated n.d. No date indicated 4to. Approx. 8" x 10" 8vo. Approx. 6" x 8" 12 mo. Smaller than 6" x 8" folio Larger than 10" x 12"


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Bidding Procedure Please note that by submitting a bid in this auction you agree to all the Terms and Conditions of Sale as stated on the inside front cover of this catalog.

LIVE BIDDING In-Person Attend our auction at our offices: Alexander Historical Auctions 860 Canal Street - 2nd Floor Stamford, CT 06902 203.276.1570 sales@alexautographs.com • Please have identification available for inspection. • New clients should be ready to present a major credit card. • A 19.5% buyer’s premium and applicable state tax applies. Live - On the Internet • Go to our home page www.alexautographs.com. • Click Register to Bid in the top right corner. • Choose Register to Bid Live. • An additional 3% for a total of 22.5% buyer’s premium and applicable state tax applies. • Please register at least 24 hours before the sale. Live - Via Phone Bidding • Bid Live with an Alexander agent over the phone - just as if you were attending the auction in person. • Phone reservations for any number of lots will be accepted up to 24 hours prior to the sale. • An agents will stay with you, keep you informed of the bid level, and place any bid you request on your behalf. • A 19.5% buyer’s premium and applicable state tax applies. • Please register at least 24 hours before the sale.

Absentee via the Internet • Go to our home page www.alexautographs.com • Click Register to Bid in the top right corner. • Choose Register to Bid (if you are not already registered). • A 19.5% buyer’s premium and applicable state tax applies. • Please register at least 24 hours before the sale. Other Absentee bids accepted via: • Email sales@alexautographs.com • Fax to 203-504-6290, or mail to our offices, using the form at the back of this catalog.

SHIPPING As noted in the Terms and Conditions of Sale, we no longer ship oversized or heavy material. These lots have been identified in the catalog with a short note at the end of the description. We recommend the following shippers for this material: Alexander Services 94 Franklin St., Stamford, CT 06901 Tel. (203) 324-4012

BIDDING INCREMENTS Please note the following bidding increments. All out-of-increment bids submitted on an absentee basis will be rounded down to the nearest increment. For example, a bid of $225.00 will be rounded down to $220.00. A bid of $567.33 will be rounded down to $550.00. All bids are taken competitively and we will bid up to the specified number as necessary. Please also note that we will not accept “either/or” bids or “+1” bids.

$20-100 $100-500 $500-1,000 $1,000-2,000 $2,000-5,000 $5,000-10,000 $10,000+

ABSENTEE BIDDING

$10 $20 $50 $100 $250 $500 $1,000

The UPS Store 65 High Ridge Road Stamford, CT 06905 Tel . (203) 356-0022

CONDITION OF LOTS As noted in the Terms and Conditions of Sale, we attempt to describe the condition of our material according the criteria set forth by the Manuscript Society. We encourage bidders to view lots in person to inspect condition. If you are unable to come and view the material in person, we encourage you to call us at (203) 276-1570 and we will be happy to answer your questions regarding the condition of any lots in this catalog.

VIEWING OF LOTS Lots may be viewed by appointment Monday through Friday, 10 AM to 4 PM Eastern. Please call us at (203) 276-1570 to schedule a viewing.


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Alexander Historical Auctions 860 Canal Street Stamford, CT 06902

Phone: (203) 276-1570 Fax: (203) 504-6290 LIVE SALE

PART I - WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 30, 2013 - 11:00 AM EASTERN PART II - THURSDAY, JANUARY 31, 2013 - 11:00 AM EASTERN

Mail and Fax Bid Form I hereby authorize ALEXANDER HISTORICAL AUCTIONS, LLC. to execute the following bid(s) for their Mail, Phone & Fax Bid Auction. Please buy the the following lot(s) for me at the price(s) not exceeding those I have indicated, but not including the 19 1/2% Buyer’s Commission which I understand will be added to the hammer price. My bids are made subject to the “Terms and Conditions of Sale” and I agree to remit immediately upon receipt of invoice. This signed bid sheet constitutes an agreement between me and ALEXANDER HISTORICAL AUCTIONS, LLC. I have checked my bid form carefully. SIGNATURE: ________________________________________________________________________ NAME: ______________________________________________________________________________ ADDRESS: __________________________________________________________________________ CITY:______________________________________________STATE_______ZIP__________________ PHONE:______________________________________FAX:___________________________________

LOT

BID

LOT

BID

LOT

BID

LOT

BID


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A Message from the President January 2013 2012 marked my twenty-fifth year of offering some of the finest autographs and historical relics ever seen somewhere over 40,000 pieces - to collectors and institutions around the world. And many of you have been with me from those earliest years, when I issued a photocopied list of about fifty "small" pieces from a secondfloor walk-up, taking bids on a single phone line and logging them on sheets of legal paper. Remember…this was before computers came to the fore! But one thing has remained consistent over these many years, and that's change. Those among us who collect anything, from matchbook covers to priceless oil paintings, know how only a few years' passing has changed our world. Ebay and other internet auctions, live online bidding, interactive price guides, photo hosting, chat forums, and other "wonders of the web" have leveled the playing field for buyers and sellers, so it's become critical for dealers and auctioneers to adapt to these changing times. Experience has proven to be a great teacher, and I’m thankful that after almost three decades I’m still at the top of my trade and doing a job that I love. So, what now? We've concentrated on how we can better serve the wants and needs of our consignors and bidders in this changing auction world. These changes are advanced, innovative, and will benefit us…and you. We call them the "Alexander Advantage": - Our auctions will now run on multiple international bidding platforms. What does this mean? More bidders around the world will view and bid on lots consigned by you. We’ll be bringing you millions of potential bidders…literally. At the same time, we’ll remain a “brick and mortar” auction house, with previews, live floor and telephone bidding, and lots available for customer pick-up. Bidders shouldn’t have to be concerned about dealing with nameless, faceless auction houses. - Simply put, we'll have more auctions, more often. People are busier than ever now, so few have the time to devote to peruse a 2,000 lot auction catalog. - Social networking and on-line advertising aimed at bidders and consignors will increase geometrically. With the internet expanded to the farthest reaches of the globe, we expect to be there as well. - We'll offer the best terms in the business - U.S., Europe, and Asia included. If you get a better offer from another auction house, we'll beat it, guaranteed. And you'll still get the best researching, cataloging, press exposure and "reach" anywhere. I'm excitedly looking forward to these many changes and innovations as a challenging new adventure - much as I did when I mailed my first catalog from that dusty one-room office so long ago. I hope you'll take advantage of what we'll offer you in the coming months - our Alexander Advantage. Enjoy our catalog!

Basil A. Panagopulos


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World War II: Autographs & Documents

1. ADOLF HITLER CHURCH INTERIOR WATERCOLOR PAINTING Watercolor painting on board attributed to Adolf Hitler and so signed “A. Hitler 1912” at lower left, 18 1/4” x 19 1/2” on heavy art board, an ornate interior view of a church showing statues of cherubs, a bishop, religious paintings, and various accouterments, with a lone faceless congregant seated at the extreme lower left. The verso bears the red printed paper seal of the store belonging to Samuel Morgenstern. Morgenstern, an Austrian Jew, owned a frame store in Vienna and bought most of Hitler’s early paintings for resale...largely to his Jewish clientele. The work bears many similarities to proven examples of Hitler’s style: lack of people in the image, which Hitler was unable to draw with any competence, a concentration on architectural style, and most importantly, a rather poor sense of perspective - a fault which would result in Hitler’s rejection from art school. Fine condition. This painting is cited on p. 150 (plate 268) in the Billy Price reference Adolf Hitler: The Unknown Artist (Houston: Price Publishing Co.) 1984. Price describes the piece as Interior of the Franciscan Church, held by a private collector in the U.S. and he credits the photo to Peter Jahn. Jahn has been widely recognized as an authenticator of Hitler’s artworks. A rare, oversize Hitler painting, and one of only two interior views known - likely commissioned by Morgenstern for a client. $10,000 - 15,000

Live Auction - Part I - Wednesday, January 30, 2013

1

Alexander Historical Auctions - 203-276-1570


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2. ADOLF HITLER AWARDS THE KNIGHT’S CROSS OF THE IRON CROSS A superb, rare original document awarding the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross to Major Fritz Herrmann, 4pp.parchment, 13 1/2” x 16 3/4”, boldly signed by Hitler at bottom. The text of the document reads: “In the name of the German People I give Major Fritz Herrmann the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross Fuhrer Headquarters 26. December 1941 The Fuhrer and Supreme Commander of the Wehrmacht [Signed] Adolf Hitler”. The document is intricately handlettered in dark brown India ink, and Herrmann’s name is rendered in raised gold leaf. A few trivial light stains, else very good. FRITZ HERRMANN fought with the Wehrmacht’s 36th Infantry Division in the invasion of France and in Operation Barbarossa. In Russia, the division fought with great distinction as part of XXXXI Panzer Corps. In late October the division helped establish a bridgehead near Kalinin, which it did while under heavy Soviet fire. In November it relieved Kampfgruppe Manteuffel at the Kalinin-Klin-Moscow railway lines near the Volga reservoir. In December 1941, the division had reached just west of Klin when it came under fire from the Soviet’s 365th Rifle Division. The Soviet division was forced to retreat after German forces began flanking them from the east. It was during these actions that Major Herrmann undoubtedly distinguished himself. Accompanied by the equally rare presentation folder, 14 1/8” x 17 5/8”, the boards covered in burgundy grained red leather and the front cover bearing a left-facing eagle clutching a wreath encircling a swastika. Within, the folders are lined in parchment with the outer edges bearing the same red leather bearing double lines of gilt trim. The maker’s name, “FRIEDA THIERSCH”, appears in small embossed gilt letters at the bottom of the inside of the rear cover. The front cover bears stains and some surface cuts, corners are bumped, and the front cover may have had its color somewhat restored at some point in time. The hinge bears a small tear at top, and the inside back cover has a water stain at upper-right. These documents, especially when actually signed by Hitler, are much rarer than one would expect. Since all Knight’s Cross documents were hand-made by only one German firm, Frieda Thiersch, a backlog of orders for award documents soon developed. Also, it should be noted that these meticulously hand-crafted documents were all made using India ink calligraphy, obviously very labor intensive, even when done by the skilled and experienced calligraphers employed by Thiersch. Some recipients waited months, or even years, before receiving their award documents. Many recipients actually never received their large award documents, or “Gross-Urkunden”; only a very small fraction of the more than 7,000 Knight’s Crosses awarded, from 1939, were accompanied by these formal documents. $10,000 - 15,000

Live Auction - Part I - Wednesday, January 30, 2013

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All lots fully illustrated on our website


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Hitler signs a photo and pens a letter to a lady friend using unusually warm language...

3. ADOLF HITLER (1889 - 1945) Fuhrer of Germany and Nazi Party leader, Hitler’s bloody rise to power, his military seizure of most of Europe and North Africa and his genocidal racial policies culminated in suicide in his Berlin bunker as Russian troops approached. A fine pair of rather intriguing related items signed by Hitler, includes: I.S.P. 7” x 9 1/2” b/w, an early bust profile boldly inscribed: “Frau Yolanthe le Moine Berum Oslo In remembrance Adolf Hitler Munich, 12/April 1933”. The photo bears a period Hoffmann backstamp and a few pencil notes in Norwegian on verso. Light corner crease at upper-left, with a slightly sharper 1 1/2” crease above the inscription, else near fine. Set in a period silver frame which requires slight repairs. Hitler maintained his relationship with the lady, as the second piece in the lot is a partly-printed Christmas greeting he sent to her on his personal gold-embossed 7 1/2” x 4 3/4” correspondence card, Berlin, December, 1937. Hitler adds the salutation: “Fr. Lola[?] Berum!” adding at bottom: “Sent with devotion. Yours Adolf Hitler”. One letter in signature lightly brushed, else very good. The sentiments expressed in the photo inscription and correspondence card are completely atypical of the language normally used by Hitler on such items, especially went sent to a member of the opposite sex, and may indicate that their relationship was of more than a simple acquaintance. We have exhaustively attempted to track down a history of the recipient, but to no avail. The photo is signed eight days before Hitler’s birthday and just a little over two weeks after Hitler and the NSDAP established their de facto dictatorship in Germany. It should also be noted that Hitler holograph material is exceedingly rare! Two pieces, worthy of further research. $7,000 - 8,000

Revealing notes on Hitler’s medical and psychiatric condition... and his doctor’s opinion on his sexuality.

4. NOTES FROM THE INTERROGATION OF ADOLF HITLER’S PHYSICIANS An historic collection of five notebooks containing the extensive notes of U.S. Army interrogator Herman Merl, a Vienna-born medical technician who was pressed into service by military intelligence to interview Hitler’s primary physicians, Dr. Theodor Morell and Dr. Karl Brandt. Merl’s findings would be used in an exhaustive report which would come to be known as “Hitler As Seen By His Doctors” (a copy of which is also offered in this sale). Merl’s notes, obtained directly from his estate, are contained within five 65pp. 8vo. “Stenogramm” notebooks, all German-made, four of which are labeled by Merl with the name of the person interviewed and in some cases the date of the interview. The notes are partly in pencil, and much is written in German and in a medical shorthand which we have been unable to decipher, so a careful deciphering of these texts may reveal much. The first notebook is labeled “Dr. Morell Sept. 7, 1945” bears 10pp. of text and begins with Merl’s listing of the doctors he interviewed, who also included Drs. Giesing, and von Hasselbach, and he mentions dental x-rays of Gen. Albert Kesselring. On Sep. 21st, Merl notes: “...Dr. Morell...was interrogated from 9 A.M. to 11 A.M. by me. He was asked by me about injections...medications, intramuscular, intraderContinued on next page

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a49_1-267_Alexander Catalog 1/15/13 7:27 PM Page 4 NOTES FROM THE INTERROGATION OF ADOLF HITLER’S PHYSICIANS Continued from previous page

mal...He was with Hitler for a period of over 8 years...my interrogation on the medical field will be continued. Questions on Eva Braun, Hitler’s girl, was also asked by me. His sexual life and intercourse with Eva Braun was told to me...” The next five days show Merl preparing and translating the Morell report on Hitler, and mentions Kesselring stating that Patton was a “great” general, Clark “good”, and Hitler “clever”. The second notebook, dated Sep. 21, bears 20pp. of text and appears to be Merl’s notes from the Morell interview. Merl’s notes are extensive, listing all of the various vitamins, injections, and bizarre compounds Hitler was administered while under the care of Morell, and most of these “remedies” appear in the final report issued by Army Intelligence. Apparently also mentioned are the various male and female hormones, including the extracts of bull testes used by Hitler in an attempt to regulate his level of testosterone. A physical description of Hitler is also set forth, as well as his pulse and the fact that he had tremors. The third and fourth notebooks concern the interrogation of Dr. Karl Brandt and contain a total of 31pp. of text in pencil. In these notebooks, Merl used a great deal of medical shorthand, but it is clear that he obtained Brandt’s biography and extensive information on the doctor’s treatment of Hitler. Notes on Hitler include: “...gutteral pronounciation...angina...meteorism [an accumulation of gas ]...vegetarian...lumbago...strychnine 0.04mg Belladonna 0.4...slight tremor, possible psychogenic origin. After July 20, no tremor...Parkinson?...hysterical, memory excellent...megalomaniac...”. The last notebook, 18pp. of text in pencil, bears one disbound page headed “Morel” which leads us to believe that these are notes from a follow-up interview of Morel. They commence with a brief summary of various vitamins and medications given Hitler from 1936, on, and mention an electrocardiogram. He continues, mentioning Morell’s opinion on Hitler’s sexuality: “Homosex / [?] Eva Braun = seperate rooms. Was a night person...effusion...Hormones about 12 times...Prokinon[?] = female...female hormone - injection 50,000 units...”. Additional content concerns additional injections, Hitler’s gall bladder and liver functions, his incresing tremors, nervousness and irritability, a mention of astrology, and lists the names of many of those who were in Hitler’s bunker at the time of its capture. Overall in very good condition. DR. THEODOR MORELL (1886-1948) was Hitler’s primary and most responsible for the myriad drugs, hormones and quack compounds fed to Hitler for nearly a decade. He was the main rival of Dr. KARL BRANDT (1904-1948), an SS-Brigadefuhrer selected as Hitler’s personal physician in 1934. Brandt also headed the Nazi euthanasia program and was hanged for his crimes in 1948. These notes, original source material for the first official report on Hitler’s mental and physical state to have been generated from information obtained from his personal physicians, are of great historical importance and should be carefully “translated” for additional facts which may have been excluded or censored from the final Army Intelligence report. $5,000 - 7,000

“Findings: extensive use of cocaine, uncontrollable flatulence, injections of extracts of testis and prostata of young bulls...”

5. “HITLER AS SEEN BY HIS DOCTORS...” Fascinating printed report, 47pp. legal folio, [n.p., Military Intelligence Service Center], Nov. 29, 1945, a classified report containing a highly-detailed compilation of data obtained from Adolf Hitler’s six chief physicians, along with fifteen xrays of various views of Hitler’s skull and several EEGs. The report is the result of interrogations of doctors Theodor Morell, Erwin Giesing, Walter Loehlein, Karl Weber, A. Nissle and E. Brinkmann who each specialized in different areas of treatment. The report opens with a complete physical description of Hitler and his medical history, with neurological data, spinal root functions, psychiatric observations, etc. The report includes many startling revelations - and leaves much out. Some examples: no mention is made of the extensive use of cocaine to treat Hitler’s sinuses and throat ailments; he suffered from uncontrollable flatulence and was treated with pills containing strychnine; Morrell’s believe that Hitler had relations with Eva Braun; injections of extracts of seminal vesicles, testis and prostata of young bulls; rapid coronary sclerosis is detected; and much more. All pages have been lightly laminated for preservation, the x-rays are in their original state. From the estate of Dr. Herman Merl. Merl served as an Army Medical Technician and assisted in interviewing Hitler’s physicians and gathering information used in compiling this report. A previous offering by us another copy of this report, with five fewer x-rays, realized an $11,000 hammer price and brought international attention. $4,000 - 6,000

Live Auction - Part I - Wednesday, January 30, 2013

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All lots fully illustrated on our website


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A rare presentation frame

6. KARL DONITZ (1891 - 1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuehrer after Hitler’s suicide. Superb war-date I.S.P. in an exceptionally rare presentation frame, 13 3/4” x 18 1/2” overall, a 7 3/4” x 10 3/4” photo of Donitz showing him half-length in uniform with his baton in hand, looking slightly to his right. The inscription was penned by Donitz on a separate 13” x 4 3/4” sheet of heavier stock and affixed to the bottom of the photo, reading: “Korvettenkapitan Poske in thankful recognition and in faithful camaraderie Donitz 27.10.43 Grossadmiral and Commander in Chief of the Kriegsmarine”. The photo and inscription are set into a silver presentation frame with 5/8” hand-hammerd borders with a small set of crossed batons at top which each bear Maltese Crosses and anchors, as does Donitz’s baton. The reverse of the frame bears a maroon faux leather finish, the easel stand is detached and missing. The inscription bears a 1” tear at bottom intruding into the admiral’s rank, but otherwise this item is in fine condition. Of course, it is impossible to determine if the item was presented in this form, or if Poske received the dedication seperately from the photo and matched the two pieces together. Nevertheless, the photo, presentation frame and fine association inscription are rare and highly desirable. HANS-GEORG “FRITZ” POSKE (1904-1984) commanded U-504 on several patrols and was a Knight’s Cross recipient. He also commanded the Grille, Hitler’s state yacht. He sank 15 vessels in North American waters, and was transferred off the submarine just before she was sunk by British depth charges on July 31, 1943. $4,000 - 6,000

Goebbels’ optimistic birthday telegram sent to Mussolini

7. JOSEPH GOEBBELS (1897-1945) Nazi Minister of Propaganda with Hitler from the earliest days, a master of manipulation of the masses who took his life and those of his family members in the last days of the war. Fine content typed D.S. “Dr. Goebbels” with several holograph additions, 1p. large 4to., [Berlin, ca. July 29, 1943], the typed text of a telegram to be sent to the “Duce of Fascist Italy, Benito Mussolini” on the occasion of the Italian dictator’s sixtieth birthday. In part: “...For your sixtieth birthday, I ask you, Il Duce, to accept my most admirable wishes and allow me to express my admiration for your fighting way of life whose goal is the well-being of the great Italian nation and the preservation of the highest human cultural values. I am sure that this war which Fascist Italy and National Socialist Germany are fighting shoulder to shoulder will end with the great victory of the Axis powers and will bring your life’s achievement a crowning from the entire civilized world...”. File holes at left, staple holes at top, else very good. Goebbels very likely did not know where to send this telegram as Mussolini was already under arrest by the time of his birthday. On July 24 he had received what amounted to a vote of no confidence, was arrested, and had begun to be shuffled about the country in an effort to keep him out of the hands of any potential Nazi liberators. $1,500 - 2,000

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Minutes of a meeting to determine the fate of Danzig

8. HERMANN GÖRING (1893 - 1946) German politician who began his career as an ace in World War I, rose to become Hitler’s right-hand man and head of the Luftwaffe, finally captured and committed suicide on the eve of his execution. Important content typed D.S. “Göring”, 7pp. 4to., [n.p.], May 20, 1935], the minutes of a meeting concerning the fate of the Free City of Danzig which was attended by Göring, Konstantin von Neurath, Count Schwerin von Krosigk, Wilhem Frick, Hjalmar Schacht, and State Secretary Backe, and from Danzig, Gauleiter Forster and Senate President Arthur Greiser. The group discusses the near bankruptcy of Danzig, in part: “...we will not be able to avoid the introduction of the [Polish] zloty forever, but if Danzig wants to deny the unification of currencies, there will be problems developing with Poland, which will have influence on German politics...we must take measures so that the decline of the [Danzig] gulden is avoided...the propping-up of the currency by financial means is endless, so we must help Danzig in other ways, especially the traffic of goods...Danzig has no assets to pay its employees...that will allow Poland to become involved...the oppostion is strong...in the next public election National Socialism will be in danger...The Reich must support Danzig with additional funds...use propaganda on the citizens...books, magazines, and films...to counteract the coming developments...Germany has no solution to the Danzig question at the moment...the first thing is the reconstitution of Germany’s great standing which requires Germany’s rearmament...and Germany cannot be held back because of the financial needs of Danzig...”. Boldly signed in indelible pencil at conclusion. The minutes are accompanied by a letter from JOHANN LUDWIG VON KROSIGK (1887-1977), Minister of Finance from 1932-45, 1p. 4to. on official letterhead, Berlin, May 25, 1935 forwarding Göring’s signed minutes to the Prussian Minister in Berlin and asking him to edit the text. Docketed at top, file holes, else very good. Also present is a T.L.S., 1p. 4to., State Dept. letterhead, Berlin, Sep. 9, 1935, from an unknown party returning Göring’s remarks. Overall very good. The economic policy of Danzig’s Nazi-led government, including the retrenchment of financial aid from Germany led to a devaluation of more than 40% of the Danziger Gulden in 1935. Reserves and foreign assets declined massively, and Poland protested when Danzig’s Senate reduced the value of the Gulden so that it would be the same as the Polish Zloty. $1,500 - 2,000

Göring writes to Hitler to confirm the financial rescue of Danzig

9. HERMANN GÖRING Rare, fine content A.D.S. “Göring”, 1p. oblong 8vo., [n.p., likely Berlin, n.d., ca. September, 1935] to Adolf Hitler, the text of a telegram. In full:”Fuhrer and Reichs Chancellor Talks with [Hjalmar] Schacht succesful Stop All necessary currency for Danzig including the school approved Stop Finance Minister has also approved all payments for Danzig with the Reich Stop Case Danzig closed as desired Göring”. The verso of this message bears an A.L.S. of HANS H. LAMMERS (1879 - 1962) Minister and Chief of the Reich Chancellory, dated Sep. 1, 1935, addressed to Werner von Blomberg (“Reichskriegsminister”). The text, difficult to decipher, mentions the Luftwaffe and makes a request. The text has an “X” throught it. Clearly, Göring simply grabbed Lammers’ letter and used the verso to use for his message to Hitler. Two file holes, else very good. An interesting behind-the-scenes view of Germany’s involvement in Danzig’s financial affairs. The economic policy of Danzig’s Nazi-led government led to a devaluation of more than 40% of the city’s currency in 1935 and Poland was infuriated when the value of the Gulden was reduced to match that of the Polish zloty. $1,500 - 2,000

Himmler writes Göring demanding the removal of Prince Philipp von Hessen, a suspected traitor

10. HEINRICH HIMMLER (1900 - 1945) Hitler’s Chief of the Gestapo placed in charge of security and responsible for the construction and operation of extermination camps. He chose suicide rather than face a hangman’s noose at Nuremberg. Typed D.S. in his capacity as Minister of the Interior, 1p. large 4to., Berlin, Nov. 15, 1943, stamped “Secret”, to HERMANN GÖRING in his capacity as Minister President of Prussia. In part: “...I am attaching a petition...the Prince [Philipp] von Hessen is married to a daughter of the King of Italy...after the disgraceful betrayal of the House of Savoy against Germany [Italy signed an armistice with the Allies on Sep. 8, 1943], it is impossible that he, as a close relative of the House, continues to have the important office of a Prussian Upper President. I therefore request...[per] the decree of the Fuhrer...to suggest to the Fuhrer that he be transferred into retirement...His personnel file is attached...”. Docketed in several places, files holes, else very good. On 8 September 1943, Philipp was arrested on suspicion of espionage as he was married to the daughter of Italian King Victor Emanuele III. He was stripped of his membership in the party and sent to Flossenbuerg concentration camp where he was placed in solitary confinement. On 25 January 1944, his political disgrace became public when he was dismissed from his office as Governor of Hesse-Nassau. Philipp’s wife Mafalda was arrested and eventually sent to Buchenwald where she was mortally wounded in a bombing raid. $1,000 -1,500

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11. GUNTHER PRIEN (1908 - 1941) Germany’s first U-Boat ace who snuck his U-47 into the British anchorage at Scapa Flow and sank the Royal Oak with a huge loss of life. He went on to sink a total of 28 merchant ships before meeting his end in a depth charge attack. Excellent, very rare signed original painting by Prien, 10 1/2” x 7” matted to 12 1/2” x 9 1/2” bearing captions by Prien as well. Using a black ink wash, Prien has executed a dramatic naval encounter of World War I showing five ships bombarding each other, one capsizing at right. At bottom, Prien captions his artwork on the mount (in German): “The cruiser squadron Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Nurnberg, Leipzig, Dresden destroy on 6.11.14 the English armored cruisers Good Hope and Monmouth and damaging Glasgow and Otranto!” Prien also draws arrows and identifies four vessels in his painting. Boldly signed “Prien” at lower-right. Mat lightly soiled, else near fine. Set into a simple frame, lacking glass. At the Battle of Coronel off the coast of Chile, the Germans completely outclassed and outgunned the British, handing them their first naval defeat since the War of 1812. The entire crews of the Monmouth and the Good Hope were lost. $1,200 - 1,500

Signed by Churchill, Monty, and British North Africa officers

12. WINSTON CHURCHILL AND BERNARD LAW MONTGOMERY A superb, likely war-date association piece, a menu for a dinner given in honor of Field Marshal BERNARD LAW MONTGOMERY for his command of the British Eighth Army commencing on October 23, 1942. The printed menu features a caricature of Monty sitting with another general, possibly French, signed by Montgomery, WINSTON CHURCHILL and 17 other prominent military figures, including: General BRIAN HORROCKS (1895-1985) who commanded the X corps at Alamein; General JOHN HARDING (1896-1989), who commanded the 7th Armoured Division at Alamein; war reporter GODFREY TALBOT (d. 2000), who made his name with dispatches on the Desert Rats’ campaign in North Africa; Major JOHN LAWSON; and others worthy of research. Churchill signs boldly on the cover, while the remainder on verso, some in pencil. Central fold, very good condition. A great war-date association. $3,000 - 4,000

13. MAX AMANN (1891 - 1957) Reichsleiter in charge of the Nazi Press. Amann was also Hitler’s company sergeant during World War I and conceived the title “Mein Kampf”. T.L.S. on his official letterhead, 1p. large 4to., Munich, Dec. 1, 1943 to Gauleiter PAUL GIESLER thanking him for his birthday wishes and for the gift he had sent. Initialed and dated by Giesler at top. Files holes else very good. Paul Gielser (1895-1945) was Gauleiter of Westphalia-South and President of Bavaria. In the closing days, he ordered the murder of all surviving prisoners at Dachau, which order was refused. With his wife, a suicide as the Americans closed in. $300 - 400

14. KARL BODENSCHATZ (1890 - 1979) German Luftwaffe minister and previously a member of von Richthofen’s “Flying Circus”, also served as Hitler’s adjutant. Fine association A.L.S. as an oberstleutnant and Göring’s Chief of Staff in the Prussian Ministry, 2pp. 4to., Berlin, June 1, 1934 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. Bodenschaft advises that he has been instructed to send along Göring’s birthday greetings to Goebbels as Göring was visiting his brother-in-law, Swedish Count Eric von Rosen. File holes at left, docket and staple hole at top, else near fine. $200 - 300

15. ALBERT BORMANN (1902 - 1989) Wehrmacht general and adjutant to Adolf Hitler. Hitler much liked and trusted Bormann, although he and his brother Martin disliked each other intensely. War-date T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. 8vo., Berlin, Sep. 7, 1943 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS sending his “heartiest thanks” for having been remembered on his birthday and sending regards. File holes at left, else very good. $200 - 300

16. PHILIPP BOUHLER (1889 - 1945) Nazi war criminal who supervised Hitler’s euthanasia program which ordered the “mercy killings” of thousands of retarded, deformed and mentally ill Germans. With his wife committed suicide as Americans closed in. Fine association A.L.S. on his official Reichsleiter letterhead, 1p. 4to., Frankfurt, Aug. 28, 1934 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. In part: “...for your friendly wishes and flowers for our wedding...and in the name of my wife, I thank you very much...”. Staple and file holes at left margin, ink receiving stamp at top, else very good. $200 - 300

17. VASILY I. CHUIKOV (1900 - 1982) Russian general who was an essential planner and director of the battle of Stalingrad, his forces headed the spearhead to Berlin, where he had the honor of receiving the surrender of the city from General Krebs. D.S. 3pp. 4to., [Moscow], Dec. 1, 1949, an attestation concerning the political department of the 196th Infantry Division, specifically concerning Lt. Col. Alexei Vasilyevich Netreba. On the third page, Chuikov orders that the officer remain at his present post. Rough right margin, else very good. $200 - 300

18. MARK W. CLARK (1896 - 1984) American Army general, commanded the landings at Salerno and Anzio against the forces of Kesselring. Two items, the first a membership for the Fifth Army Division, measures 3 3/4” x 2 2/3”, issued to Jack L. Krevisky on Dec. 11, 1944, boldly signed by Clark at bottom. Along with a S.P. 8” x 10” b/w, a reprint of a vintage image of Clark in uniform, boldly signed in black marker. Two items, very good. $150 - 200

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Signed by the artist, Elk Eber

19. MARK W. CLARK Three T.Ls.S. with varying content, the first on Headquarters of the Far East Command letterhead, May 17, 1952, to Laurence Cotterell of the publishers Harrap & Co. sending thanks for taking care of royalties. Wrinkled, stamp at top, good. Along with another T.L.S. 1p. 4to., on Citadel letterhead, Mar. 1, 1966, to Herbert Watson, sending autographs [not present]; and May 17, 1979, also on Citadel letterhead to Tiny May Walton, in part: “...Your letter...has been received and I really can’t do justice to your request. It certainly is an interesting aspect on your project about me in World War II. I think you wrote to the wrong fellow, if you wanted someone who enjoyed, for example, opera. I did at one time to a certain extent, but after fighting throughout the length of Italy and having in the course of the fighting damaged or destroyed some opera houses, I had to return when they were reconstructed...After fighting in Italy, I was the American Occupation Commander and High Commissioner in Austria...After signing the Korean Armistice, I retired...”. Three pieces, very good. $100 - 150 20. KURT DALUEGE (1897 - 1946) Chief of Security Police in SD central office, appointed SS-Oberstgruppenfuehrer (1942), succeeded Heydrich as Deputy Protector of Bohemia and Moravia. Hanged by the Czechs in 1946. Fine association T.L.S. in green indelible pencil on his Prussian Ministry of the Interior letterhead, 1p. large 4to., Berlin, Feb. 5, 1934 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. Daluege sends thanks for the gift of a work of historical propaganda, in part: “...For your new work sent to me from the party press of the NSDAP, Franz Eher Nachf., Munich, I express my heartfelt thanks. The book reminds me how all of your books in recent years, of the old [party] battle times...”. File holes at left, one toned spot, else very good. $300 - 400

26. ELK EBER (1892 - 1941) German artist, born Wilhelm Emil Eber. Eber was one of the most famous of German military artists, largely remembered for his distinctive battle scenes and forceful portraits of soldiers and officers in uniform. An early member of the S.A., Eber sketched party events and street battles, while at the same time indulging his passion for painting American Indians and western scenes. Hitler himself was enamored of Eber’s work, purchasing several pieces for his collection. Signed print, his “Hand Grenade Battle”, 23 1/2” x 18” heavy stock, lightly-signed “Elk Eber” in pencil at lower right. The image shows a group of German soldiers throwing grenades at an unseen enemy at left, though clearly French as one lies wounded at their feet. Some flaws: signature, as mentioned, is light but legible, and is affected somewhat by a stain and toning, some glue remnants at left and right margins, and possibly trimmed, and a few trivial stains. Nevertheless, still very appealing and a very rare image when signed by the artist. $1,000 - 1,500

Christmas wishes sent to Joseph Goebbels

21. KURT DALUEGE Fine association T.L.S. on his official letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Dec. 22, 1939 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. In part: “...For war-Christmas 1939 and to the new fighting-year 1940, my best wishes from me and my wife to you and your entire family. I wish you further the strength and the good health to fulfill our great victory for the Fuhrer and the people...”. File holes at left, receiving stamp at top, else near fine. $300 - 400

27. FRANZ RITTER VON EPP (1868 - 1947) Nazi politician and general, Governor of Bavaria and Reichsleiter of the NSDAP. Died in an internment camp. Fine association T.L.S. on official correspondence card as Governor of Bavaria, 1p. 12mo., Munich, June 29, 1934 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS sending thanks for a gift of Goebbels’ memoir: “From the Kaiserhof to the Reichs Chancellory” which Goebbels had inscribed to von Epp as well. Stamp docket at top, two file holes, else near fine. $200 - 300

22. KARL DONITZ (1891 - 1980) German admiral who headed the U-Boat arm of the German Navy, later succeeded Hitler as Fuehrer after Hitler’s suicide. His very bold signature on his printed Grossadmiral card sending Christmas and New Year’s wishes. Fine. $75 - 100

23. JAMES H. DOOLITTLE (1896 - 1993) American aviator who gained fame both as a racing pilot and as leader of the first air raid on Tokyo during World War II. War-date T.L.S. 1p. 8vo., July 31, 1944, on letterhead of the “Headquarters Eighth Air Force Office” to Shirley Vernon. In part: “...Thanks for your letter of 22 July with sketch attached. I am enclosing a shoulder patch of the Eighth Air Force [not present]...”. With original envelope, very good. $75 - 100

28. HANS FRANK (1900 - 1946) Nazi occupational Governor of Poland partly responsible for the genocide perpetrated there. Fine association T.L.S. “Hans Frank” on his personal Reichsminister’s letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Jan. 25, 1935 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. Frank warmly thanks Goebbels’ for his congratulatory message upon the birth of Frank’s daughter on behalf of his wife and himself. Brigitte Frank, named after her mother, had been born twelve days earlier. File holes at left, scorched at extreme margins, else very good. $400 - 500

24. JAMES H. DOOLITTLE Two I.S.P.s, the first a vintage image 8” x 10” b/w, shows Doolittle in uniform. Boldly inscribed at top right: “To Bobby Ree with every good wish J. H. Doolittle”. The second is a contemporary image 8” x 10” color, shows Doolittle in his later years in uniform, also boldly inscribed and signed at top right. Very good condition, two pieces. $100 - 150

29. HANS FRITZSCHE (1900 - 1953) Radio propaganda chief in Joseph Goebbels’ propaganda ministry. Delivered regular radio broadcasts with the familiar opening “Hier spricht Hans Fritzsche!”, making him one of the best-known commentators in Nazi Germany. Fine association A.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Dec. 29, 1939 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. In part: “...In the name of the Department, I am sending you all the best for the New Year...”. File holes at left, receiving stamp, else near fine. $250 - 350

25. KAETHE DORSCH (1890 - 1957) Prominent German film actress, a protege and childhood friend of Hermann Göring. Fine association A.L.S. on her letterhead, 2pp. 8vo., Apr. 10, 1934 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. Dorsch mentions Goebbels’ invitation to visit him and his wife, and mentions that she will be coming to Berlin shortly. She asks if a visit would be possible during her stay. File holes and a receiving docket, else very good. During the war, Dorsch repeatedly urged Goebbels to release prisoners known to her. $100 - 150

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30. WILHELM FRICK (1877 - 1946) Nazi Minister of the Interior, author of the Nuremburg Laws. Hanged at Nuremberg for his crimes. Fine association A.L.S. “Wilhelm Frick” with attached A.N.S. of his wife, MARGARETE FRICK on his official letterhead, 3pp. . 4to., Berlin, Oct. 29, 19[34] to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. In part: “...For your birthday today best wishes from me

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and my wife. I hope that the enclosed glueckspilz is a good sign for your succesful work...”. His wife adds her birthday wishes on the attached page. File holes else very good. “Glueckspilz” is literally “a lucky mushroom”. In this case, it was marzipan, an almond-flavored treat which not a single American has ever developed a taste for. $500 - 700

31. WILHELM FRICK (1877 - 1946) Nazi Minister of the Interior, author of the Nuremburg Laws. Hanged at Nuremberg for his crimes. Fine association T.L.S. on Reichstag letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Jan. 17, 1935 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. Frick discusses withholding of a portion of government wages to be contributed to the W.H.W. state charitable organization. File holes at left, staple at top, ink stamp and singed at bottom from attempted burning - still very good. $300 - 400

32. FRIEDRICH FROMM (1888 - 1945) Wehrmacht general, Knight’s Cross awardee and a member of the July 20 bomb plot along with his Chief of Staff, Claus von Stauffenberg. As the plot unraveled, Fromm ordered von Stauffenberg and other conspirators to be executed in order to cover-up his own involvement. He would be arrested and executed for his complicity nonetheless. S.P. 3 1/2” x 5 1/2” b/w, an artist’s portrait of the general mounted on heavy stock, boldly signed by him on the mount. Fine. $250 - 350

33. WALTHER FUNK (1890 - 1960) Nazi Minister of Economics who confiscated goods of imprisoned Jews for the Reichsbank via Himmler. Sentenced to life imprisonment. Fine association A.L.S. on his official letterhead, 1p. 4to., Salzburg, Dec. 31, 1939 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. Season’s greetings, in part: “...you and your wife sent me wonderful presents for Christmas...as always, with your presents, we feel that they were chosen with special care and love...”. Marginal file holes, else fine. $200 - 300 34. ADOLF GALLAND (1911 - 1994) German fighter ace of World War II and general of fighters. Holder of the Knights Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. A group of three 4” x 6” b/w reproductions of vintage images of Galland in uniform, each boldly signed in black marker. One image has poor contrast, the others are very good. $150 - 200

35. JOSEPH GOEBBELS (1897-1945) Nazi Minister of Propaganda with Hitler from the earliest days, a master of manipulation of the masses, who took his life and those of his family members in the last days of the war. Fine content T.L.S. 4 pp., 4to., Berlin, Apr. 23, 1936 to Walter Buch, chief of the Supreme NSDAP Court, intervening in the court case against his friend Hans Schwarz van Berk, editor-in-chief of the Nazi paper “Der Angriff”. After a visit in December 1934 to the political Berlin cabaret “Die Katacombe”, Hans Schwarz van Berk wrote into the guestbook: “Dangerous or not dangerous! Carry on!”, which caused him to be accused of damaging behavior against the Party by former colleague Hans-Joachim Rechenberg, partly due to personal differences. Goebbels explains the circumstances of the case: “…van Berk was working in connection with my department regarding the creation of a National Socialist political cabaret...The cabaret was closed in May 1935 on my orders…in part due to the questionable demographic of the audience”. Prior to the closing Goebbels had planted secret police in the audience to report back to him. He adds: “…after the closure, van Berk wrote an article defending the actions of the government....Rechenberg, who knew about the entry in the guestbook, did not use this information until November 1935 when, in absence of van Berk, while intoxicated, he insulted him and called him a scoundrel...I should point out...Rechenberg had professional differences with van Berk… and was behind several personal attacks…which ended in dismissal of Rechenberg from the Eher Publishing Company...I believe it is very harsh, condemning an editor for defending the actions of the state...I ask to take into account that Schwarz van Berk is of invaluable service to the state and the movement through his countless publications as a respected national-socialist journalist. Please take my opinion into account when deciding on a final judgment...Heil Hitler! Your Dr. Goebbels”. Four tears in upper left hand corner professionally repaired with tape. Paperclip marks top right, files holes and folds, else fine. $1,200 - 1,400

36. JOSEPH GOEBBELS Important content partly-printed D.S., 3pp. 4to., Berlin, Oct. 10, 1935, the publishing contract between Goebbels and the official publishing house for the NSDAP, Franz Eher Nachfolger giving the publishing house exclusive rights to Der Angriff Aufsaetze aus der Kampfzeit (“The Attack - Essays from the Time of Struggle”). The terms of the contract are standard for the time and place: Goebbels gives permission for publication and distribution in all forms, Goebbels warrants that he is of “true Aryan origin”, he will receive a 10% royalty, and so on. File holes, else very good. Der Angriff founded by Goebbels in 1927, was a mass circulation paper that fought the hated “System” with rude and aggressive language. Anti-parliamentarism and anti-semitism were its self-defining themes. The most regular contributors were party functionaries; lead articles were usually written by Goebbels and signed “Dr. G.” The book mentioned here is a collection of Goebbels’ essays. $700 - 900

Goebbels writes to Göring approving the arrest and trial of his top propagandist

37. JOSEPH GOEBBELS Fine association and content T.L.S. “Dr. Goebbels”, self-typed (and so stated) on his Reichsminister of Propaganda letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Jan. 28, 1936 to HERMANN GÖRING. In part: “...Regarding your letter...the repeal of the immunity of Party Member [Walter] Schulze-Wechsungen, here is my position...after the review of the report from the Attorney General...I believe that the repeal of immunity is necessary...internment only if the Attorney General believes it is absolutely necessary. I request that in the interest of the Movement that the negotiations take place with the public excluded...”. File holes at left, else fine. WALTER SCHULZE-WECHSUNGEN (1902-1944) was the top propagandist in Goebbel’s ministry. In 1933 he was elected to the Prussian Parliament, and later received a seat in the Reichstag. Charges of corruption led to his arrest, internment at Orianenburg, and eventual death at that place. $700 - 900

38. JOSEPH GOEBBELS Rare A.L.S., 1p. 12mo., [Berlin, 1934], a draft response in pencil to the notorious Philipp Bouhler sending warm wishes on the former’s upcoming marriage. Goebbels’ draft is penned on the verso of the the wedding announcement of PHILIPP BOUHLER (1889 - 1945) Nazi war criminal who supervised Hitler’s euthanasia program which ordered the “mercy killings” of thousands of retarded, deformed and mentally ill Germans. He and his wife would commit suicide as Americans closed in at war’s end. File holes and paperclip and staple stain, still near fine. $500 - 700

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39. JOSEPH GOEBBELS Draft T.L.S. “Dr. G” in indelible pencil. , 1p. 4to., Berlin, Oct. 13, 1943 to Prof. Ferdinand Sauerbruch sending his congratulations upon the latter having been awarded the Knights Cross of the War Merit Cross with Swords. Also included is a typed response from Sauerbruch to Goebbels, 1p. 4to., Nov. 8, 1943 acknowledging Goebbels’ letter. FERDINAND SAUERBRUCH (1875 1951) was a German surgeon and a fervent nationalist who wanted to undo the “humiliation of Versailles”. Surgeon General to the army, he was charged by allies with having contributed to the Nazi dictatorship, but not convicted for lack of evidence. $300 - 400

40. JOSEPH GOEBBELS AND ROBERT LEY Fine pair of related letters includes: JOSEPH GOEBBELS (1897-1945) Nazi Minister of Propaganda, typed D.S. “Dr. G” with one holograph correction, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Feb. 15, 1943, the text of a telegram sent to Dr. Robert Ley congratulating him on his 53rd birthday: adding: “...my wife and my most sincere wishes for your successful business activities and personal prospererity. May you have many years of a rich life granted in service to the Fuhrer and the people...”. Sold with the corresponding response from ROBERT LEY (1890-1945), the Nazi leader and ardent anti-Semite who headed the Labor Front, sent in a T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Feb. 19, 1943 Ley responds with thanks for the message which had made him especially happy. Both letters have file holes at left margins, dockets and staple holes, still very good. $400 - 600

41. JOSEPH GOEBBELS DRAWS HIS 1936 SALARY. JOSEPH GOEBBELS Fine content D.S., 1p. 8vo., Berlin, Jan. 9, 1935, issued by the Reich Main Accounting Office. Goebbels’ salary statement for the calendar year 1935 showing that he had received over 28,160.40 Reichsmarks before taxes, including expenses of 4,800 Reichsmarks, from which 2,551.64 Reichsmark were deducted for taxes. Light fold, file holes, else very good. With a secretary’s signature and official stamp. $1,000 - 1,500

Birthday greetings sent to Joseph Goebbels

42. HERMANN GÖRING (1893 - 1946) German politician who began his career as an ace in World War I, rose to become Hitler’s right-hand man and head of the Luftwaffe, finally captured and committed suicide on the eve of his execution. Good association T.L.S. on his personal Ministerpresident letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Jan. 21, 1938 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. Göring thanks his long-time adversary for remembering him with gifts given on the occasion of his birthday and Christmas, concluding: “...with comradely wishes in old solidarity Heil Hitler!...”. File holes at left, docketed, and scorched at top during an attempt to burn Goebbels’ papers - still fine. $700 - 900

43. HERMANN GÖRING War-date partly-printed D.S. “Hermann Göring”, 1p. sm. folio, “Fuhrer Headquarters” [n.p.], Oct. 27, 1941, official permission allowing Dr. Josef Faltin to retire from his position as a teacher as he had requested. Boldly signed in blue ink at bottom, also bears a lithographed signature of Adolf Hitler. Small paperclip stain at top, else very good to fine. $400 - 600

44. EMMY GÖRING (1893 - 1973) German actress and the second wife of Luftwaffe Commander-in-Chief Hermann Göring. She served as Adolf Hitler’s hostess at many state functions, which led

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to her claiming the title of “First Lady of the Third Reich”. Fine association T.L.S., 1p. large 4to., Berlin, Apr. 4, 1936 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. Göring warmly thanks Goebbels for remembering her birthday and sending her “gorgeous birthday flowers, which surprised me... “. Docketed at top, file holes in blank left margin, else very good. $200 - 300

An organizer of the Holocaust schemes to seize control of Danzig

45. ARTHUR GREISER (1897 - 1946) Nazi German politician, Senate President of Danzig, SS-Obergruppenführer and Reich Governor of Wartheland. He was one of the persons primarily responsible for organizing the Holocaust in Poland and numerous other crimes against humanity, including the murder of 100,000 Jews on Himmler’s direct order, the use of gas vans at Chelmno, and destruction of Polish families and culture. Executed by the Poles following his trial. Fine content T.L.S. on official letterhead as President of the Senate of the Free City of Danzig, 3pp. large 4to. with 2pp. addendum, Danzig, June 30, 1936 to Staatsrat Neumann at the Prussian Ministry in Berlin. Political machinations, in part: “...I believe you have seen the report I gave Göring...as far as the person of the High Commissioner of Danzig and [his removal]...with the backing of the German Reich...there is no objection from the standpoint of the statutes of the Free City of Danzig...”. Greiser discusses Poland’s rights vis-a-vis Danzig, adding: “...How Poland will react I do not at this time know...I expect an official Polish initiative...I request immediate instructions as to how to respond...”. Greiser also asks that Göring intercede so that his instructions will be made perfectly clear. File holes, else fine. The addendum included are the minutes of a June 8, 1936 meeting in Munich between Hitler, Göring, von Neurath, von Blomberg, Schacht, Greiser and Gauleiter Forster. At the meeting it is decided that Danzig is not to be surrendered, and will not request assistance from Poland. New laws will be enacted which will put currency and gold markets under the control of “die Notenbank”, Poland will not be forewarned of any actions, and if necessary Germany will become involved. Existing contracts and savings programs will be broken if the opposition does not agree to their termination, and RM14 million is guaranteed to a savings program. File holes at margin, pencil docket at top, else fine condition. Although tempers had already risen over the visit of the German cruiser LEIPZIG and the vessel’s captain failing to pay official respects to the High Commissioner earlier mentioned in this letter - it would be another eight months before the High Commissioner would finally resign with the approval of both Germany and Poland. The financial system, however, would immediately seriously deteriorate under Nazi control. $600 - 800

A future war criminal plots to mislead League of Nations overseers of Danzig

46. ARTHUR GREISER Fine content T.L.S. on official letterhead as President of the Senate of the Free City of Danzig, 3pp. large 4to., Danzig, Apr. 29, 1936 to Staatsrat Neumann at the Prussian Ministry in Berlin. In part: “...on May 11 is the new conference of the League of Nations...with a great deal of trickery...I was able to make it so that the High Commissioner will not have any difficult issues concerning Danzig on the agenda...the opposition parties are trying to bring up the Danzig question in Geneva...we can expect that we will not be the center of attention...the only issue about Danzig on the agenda is...an extension of the current mandate...there is a danger that other council members will bring the subject of Danzig up at the meeting...I will definitely go to Geneva so that I can get involved if something occurs...psychologically it is important to show up for support, not only when we are accused...I request a reception...to know the intentions of the Fuhrer...accordingly I will adjust my tactics for Geneva...”. The Nazis controlled the Free City of Danzig’s finances in 1936, an election year. The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations decreed that the Free City was to remain separated from Germany, as well as Poland and East Prussia. The Free City was under the protection and administration of the League of Nations which had, however, delegated its administration in favor of internal autonomy, supervising only its finances. $400 - 600

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53. KONRAD HENLEIN (1898 - 1945) Sudeten German politician, Reichsstatthalter and Gauleiter of the Sudetenland. After 1938, Henlein worked as a spy for the British and had conspirative contacts with Admiral Wilhelm Canaris. Committed suicide at war’s end. Fine association T.L.S. on his official letterhead as gauleiter, 1p. 4to., Reichenberg, May 11, 1944 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. Henlein sends thanks for Goebbel’s remembering his birthday and expresses his happiness. File holes at left, receiving stamp, else near fine. $200 - 300

47. WOLFGANG VON GRONAU (1893 - 1977) German aviator and military officer, a co-pilot and member of the crew of the first plane to circumnavigate the earth flying west to east. During World War II, von Gronau was Hitler’s Luftwaffe attache at the German embassy in Tokyo and was interned by the Japanese until the end of the war, then held by the Americans until 1947. Rare signed book by von Gronau, “How I Learned to Fly”, Verlag von Philipp Reclam jun. Leipzig, 1935, 88pp., 12mo. Inscribed on the front flyleaf: “Herrn Stark, Shanghai with best greetings, W. von Gronau, Tokio 1941” . Fine. $150 - 200

Hess to Goebbels: “...The Fuhrer has awarded you the Service Award of the NSDAP...”

48. LEOPOLD GUTTERER (1902 - 1996) Nazi official and politician, Secretary in the Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, a close confidante of Goebbels who introduced policies for the identification of Jews in Germany. Fine association A.L.S. on his official letterhead, 2pp. 4to., Berlin, Oct. 29, 1943 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. In part: “...this is a serious and difficult year in which you celebrate your birthday...a year in which you...contributed greatly to the war effort...it is custom on such a day to take account, to see if you really lived, to see if you did the best you could. You did and you can be proud and satisfied about the past year...you were a good example to all your employees...you assured us and you aroused us...” . File holes at left, else very good. $200 - 300

54. RUDOLF HESS (1894 - 1987) Nazi German Deputy Fuehrer and second in command after Göring, Hess was one of Hitler’s closest confidantes and friends. In an unauthorized peace mission, Hess flew a German fighter to England and surrendered, purportedly attempting to ally Germany with Great Britain against Russia. His mission, of course, failed and Hess was imprisoned at Spandau where he was found hanged in 1987. Fine content and association war-date T.L.S. on his official NSDAP letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Apr. 18, 1940 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. In part: “...The Fuhrer has awarded you the Service Award of the NSDAP. I send it to you enclosed with the thanks of the Fuhrer for your faithful work...” File holes at left, slightly scorched at top, else near fine. $700 - 900

49. ERICH HARTMANN (b. 1922) German ace, the top ace of all time, with 352 aerial kills during which he never lost a wing man. Captured and held by the Soviets for ten years. Holder of the Knights Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. Group of four S.P.s, 8” x 10” each, contemporary reproductions of vintage shots showing Hartmann standing over a reclined astronaut and examining a model of a FG-767. Each is boldly signed in blue marker. One bears some coffee stains at bottom margin, clear of signature, otherwise fine condition, four pieces. $100 - 150

Sending thanks to Goebbels for a propaganda work

55. HEINRICH HIMMLER (1900 - 1945) Hitler’s Chief of the Gestapo placed in charge of security and responsible for the construction and operation of extermination camps. He chose suicide rather than face a hangman’s noose at Nuremberg. Fine association T.L..S. on his “Der Reichsfuhrer SS” letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Jan. 27, 1934 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS sending his sincere thanks for having sent to him Goebbels’ propaganda book “The Awakened Berlin”. File holes at left margin, right margin bears multiple small tears and folds, still good to very good. The Awakened Berlin was written and published by Goebbels in 1934 to document the Nazi Party’s struggle during the 1920’s and early 1930’s until finally coming to power. The book described all of the main players, including Hitler, Himmler, Göring, Goebbels, Hess, Frick, and Ernst Roehm...whom Hitler and Himmler would conspire to murder six months later. $700 - 900

50. ERICH HARTMANN (b. 1922) German ace, the top ace of all time, with 352 aerial kills during which he never lost a wing man. Captured and held by the Soviets for ten years. Holder of the Knights Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. Group of three S.P.s 8” x 10” each, contemporary reproductions of vintage shots with two showing Hartmann standing over a reclined astronaut and another examining a model of a FG-767. Each is boldly signed in blue marker. One bears very slight staining at bottom margin, clear of signature, otherwise fine condition. Three pieces. $100 - 150

51. HENRY H. “HAP” ARNOLD (1886 - 1950) American general, commander of the Army Air Force through most of World War II, instituting the daylight bombing raids on Germany. T.L.S. on Headquarters, Army Air Forces letterhead, 1p. 4to., Washington, Aug. 18, 1944 to the widow of a pilot killed in an airplane accident. In part: “...I have learned of the death of your husband, Second Lieutenant Herbert Lee Witmer...in an airplane accident near Frederick Army Air Field, Oklahoma. Lieutenant Witmer’s training record...is marked by conscientious endeavor...he won the esteem of associates by his alert approach and a determination to do well. I extend my deep sympathy to you and other members of the family...comforted by the knowledge that your husband died in the service of his Country...”. Accompanied by Witmer’s cased engraved Purple Heart and matching ribbon, possibly a later replacement. Fine condition. $300 - 400

56. HEINRICH HIMMLER Fine association T.L.S. on his “Reichsfuhrer-SS” letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Feb. 27, 1934 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. In part: “...for your words of condolence upon the death of the deserving and loyal SS-Gruppenfuhrer [Siegfried] Seidel Dittmarsch I express my heartfelt thanks...”. Right margin is ragged but with no loss of text, multiple dockets and file holes a t left, still overall very good. Siegfried Seidel Dittmarsch (1887-1934) served as an NSDAP representative in the Reichstag, but more notably as Himmler’s Chief of Staff. $600 - 800

52. JOSEF HARPE (1887 - 1968) Wehrmacht major general awarded the Knight’s Cross with Oak Leaves, led a brigade in Poland and later commanded Panzer forces in Russia and at the stand-off at the Vistula. Charged with war crimes at war’s end. War-date partly-printed D.S., 1p. 8vo., Krakau, [n.d., ca. 1942], “In Thankful Recognition from the Home of the Army Group North Ukraine”. Boldly signed at bottom. One crease, else good to very good. $200 - 300

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59. HERMANN HOTH (1891 - 1971) German panzer general who drove his forces through France to the Channel, headed Panzer Group 3 in Barbarossa and later besieged Stalingrad. Tried and convicted of war crimes. War-date S.P. 5” x 3 1/2” a Hoffmann postcard photo showing Hoth from the chest-up in uniform. Addressed on the verso to a party in Cologne and stamped “Feldpost”, 1944. Very good to fine condition. $300 - 400 60. HANS JURY (1887 - 1945) Nazi Gauleiter of South Austria, SS general and physician, committed suicide at war’s end. Fine association T.L.S. on his official letterhead as Gauleiter of Niederdonau, 1p. 4to., Vienna, July 19, 1943 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS sending thanks for Goebbels’ having remembered his birthday which has given him much pleasure. File holes, receiving stamp at top, staple, but still very good. $200 - 300

61. ERNST KALTENBRUNNER (1903 - 1946) Chief of the S.D. who replaced Heydrich, he was a rabid anti-Semite who greatly increased efforst to round-up Jews, and also urged the murder of parachutists. Executed at Nuremberg. Fine content and association T.L.S. with holograph subscription on his personal letterhead as SS-Obergruppenfuhrer, 1p. 4to., Berlin, June 26, 1943 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. In part: “...For congratulations offered me on the occasion of my promotion to SS-Obergruppenführer and General of Police, I thank you sincerely...”. File holes at left, three dockets, else fine. Kaltenbrunner had received his promotion five days earlier. $400 - 600

Offering birthday wishes to Martin Bormann

57. ADOLF HITLER (1889 - 1945) Fuhrer of Germany and Nazi Party leader, Hitler’s bloody rise to power, his military seizure of most of Europe and North Africa and his genocidal racial policies culminated in suicide in his Berlin bunker as Russian troops approached. Partly-printed D.S. “A. Hitler”, 1p. 4to., Bayreuth July 24, 1936, withdrawing from a lieutenant of the reserve the right to wear a uniform, his rank and his five decorations. Countersigned by WERNER VON BLOMBERG as Minister of War and Commanderin-Chief of the Wehrmacht. One horizontal crease, extremely minor marginal wear, else fine condition. $2,000 - 3,000

62. HANS KREBS (1888 - 1947) Moravian Nazi Party member and SS-Brigadeführer from Czechoslovakia, participated with the harsh persecution of political opponents of the Nazi regime, executed by the Czechoslovak government in Prague during 1947. Rare T.L.S. on Czech-occupation letterhead, 1p. 8vo., Sep. 4, 1942 to Albert Bormann in Berlin. Birthday wishes: “...May you be granted long years of service and activity for the Fuhrer and the German State, and especially after the victories of the Fuhrer and his soldiers, to participate in the building of Greater Germany, thus the heartland of a new Europe...”. File holes at left, else fine. $200 - 300 63. JOHANN LUDWIG VON KROSIGK (1887 - 1977) German jurist and senior government official who served as Minister of Finance of Germany from 1932 to 1945. Found guilty in the Ministries Trial in 1949, he was sentenced to ten years’ imprisonment. Fine association T.L.S. on his official letterhead, 1p. oblong 8vo., Berlin, Aug. 27, 1943 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS thanking him for having sent a birthday gift of a radio and record-player combination. Trimmed at bottom, file holes at left, docket and staple hole, else very good. $150 - 200 64. ROBERT KROPP Personal valet to Field Marshal Hermann Göring. A fine collection of five items, includes six signed items: A.L.S. on a 4” x 6” correspondence card, Berchtesgaden, July 12 1970; S.P. 3” x 5” b/w, a repro. of a photo of Kropp in the Ukraine in 1943, signed with rank on verso; Kropp’s name and return address cut from an envelope, mounted, with a photo, 4 3/4” x 6 3/4”, b/w showing Göring in his white field marshal uniform from Kropp’s archives. Also included is a D.S., 1p. 8vo., Seegraben, March 19, 1943, a receipt from the Reichswerke Aktiengesellschaft Alpine Montanbetriebe “Hermann Göring” - Steiermark to a sawmill, payment and delivery of wood. $60 - 80

58. ADOLF HITLER Fine early I.S.P., 4 3/4” x 6 3/4” b/w, a stern chest-up pose in S.A. uniform, warmly inscribed to “Fraulein Anneliese Weinrich...” and dated July 21, 1932 to Kassel. Backstamp by Hoffmann. Slightly silvered, else fine condition. Framed. The recipient could very well have been the daughter of KARL WEINRICH (1887-1973), a member of the Reichstag for the electoral district of Hesse-Nassau and Gauleiter of Kurhessen. $2,500 - 3,500

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65. HANS LAMMERS (1879 - 1962) Minister and Chief of the Reich Chancellory, ordered arrested by Hitler in the final days, and ultimately sentenced to twenty years imprisonment for war crimes. T.L.S. on his official letterhead, 1p. large 4to., Berlin, Jan. 26, 1944 to HERMANN GÖRING in his capacity as Minister-President of Prussia. In part: “...regarding the transfer of Upper President Prince [Philipp] von Hessen into retirement...I submitted the discharge award to the Fuhrer and I am sending you the award from the Fuhrer with the request to institute the announcement through the press and radio...”. Several dockets, file holes in left margin, else very good. On 8 September 1943, Philipp, who had married Italian King Emmanuel III’s daughter, was arrested for suspicion of com-

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72. ANTHONY C. MCAULIFFE (1898 - 1975) American Army general who held Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge, remembered for his reply to a German surrender ultimatum, “Nuts!” T.L.S. “Tony McAuliffe” on his corporate letterhead, 1p, 4to., New York, Apr. 11,1960, New York to an admirer. In part: “...”I returned from a trip to Canada to find the bronze plaque which you so kindly sent me...The plaque is a splendid souvenir of our battle at Bastogne which I shall always treasure. Thank you very much for thus remembering me.” Trimmed, tape remnants at two margins, else very good. $200 - 300

plicity in the fall of Mussolini. He was stripped of his membership in the party and sent to Flossenbuerg concentration camp where he was placed in solitary confinement. On 25 January 1944, his political disgrace became public when he was dismissed from his office as Governor of Hesse-Nassau. Philipp’s wife Mafalda was arrested and eventually sent to Buchenwald where she was mortally wounded in a bombing raid. $200 - 300

66. HANS LAMMERS Fine association T.L.S. on his official letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, June 1, 1934 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. In part: “...Regarding our recent discussion, I am sending you the two decoratively-bound books from publisher C. E. Weller. The first one is ‘Reichstag Meeting in Nurnberg 1933’ and ‘1933 The Year of the German’...”. File holes at left, staple hole at top, else very good. $200 - 300

Göring cuts off aid to Danzig, leaving the city’s economy in shambles

73. OTTO MEISSNER (1880 - 1953) Nazi Nuremberg defendant who served as Reichsminister and Minister of the Presidential Chancellory. Fine content group of two related typed signed items on official letterhead, 4pp. total, 4to., Berlin, Jan. 30, 1936, both stamped “Secret”. The first is a T.L.S., 1p., to Staatsrat Neumann in the Prussian State Ministry. In part: “...I am sending you...minutes regarding this matter...If you need the exact wording of the agreement from 1915 between the German Government and the King I can have a copy sent to you...”. The letter also bears an autograph endorsement signed by HERMANN GÖRING in indelible green pencil at left margin and at bottom: “State Secretary Meissner is immediately to be notified that I am against any further applications financially. We have done enough...There is nothing to be done on the part of the State’s Ministry...”. File hole affects one letter in text, bears another endorsement, else very good. The second D.S. concerns compensation by the German government to be paid to the former King of Bulgaria, Ferdinand I. After Bulgaria’s defeat with the Germans in World War I, Ferdinand abdicated and fled to Coburg. The document refers to an agreement which Germany had made to replace the king’s private wealth in the event he should lose his throne and have his assets confiscated. The document indicates that on Jan. 20, 1921 he had been paid 25 million marks and that the king had affirmed that he had no further claims, but since then had also received an additional two million marks and a steady pension. Now the exiled king was seeking additional funds, and is finally ordered to be cut-off by Göring. Overall very good condition. Following the untimely deaths of his sons, Ferdinand would die a broken man. $750 - 1,000

67. ZARAH LEANDER (1907 - 1981) Swedish actress and singer who remained in Germany under Nazi rule, accused of being a propagandist for the Nazi cause. Fine association A.L.S. on her personal correspondence card, 2pp. 12mo., [n.p.], Mar. 12, 1939 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. In part: “...I don’t want to forget to express my happiness that you are going to be a guest at my birthday. I hope that you will feel welcome at my home...”. File holes at one margin, else fine. Incredibly, in a 1937 diary entry, Goebbels had written: “... Zarah Leander ... comes out of her chrysalis stage as an enemy of Germany”. Sold with: WILL DOHM (1897-1948) German actor, A.L.S., 2pp. 12mo., 1943, also to Goebbels, announcing the birth of his daughter and expressing his enthusiasm for the way Goebbels “lead[s]our fight. Your weekly essays are soul-strengthening...”. Likewise with file holes and a receiving stamp. $150 - 200

68. LEOPOLD III (1901-1983) King of Belgium exiled in 1945 for Nazi sympathies, formally abdicated in 1951. T.L.S. on black-bordered letterhead, 1p. folio, Brussels, Sept. 24, 1934, in French to Oscar Benavides, President of Peru. Leopold names M. E. Franck as Minister to Peru and sends the usual greetings and approbations. Light foxing, mounting traces to verso of second blank page, very good. $200 - 300

69. DOUGLAS MACARTHUR (1880 - 1964) American general and Allied Supreme Commander in the Pacific in World War II, accepted the surrender of Japan and was later dismissed by Truman for advocating an invasion of China. T.L.S. 1p. 4to., New York, Feb. 10, 1955 to a supporter: “Thank you so much for your congratulatory message. It was gracious of you and I am most appreciative…” . Staples at top margin, folds, and light toning, else very good. Ex: Walter Benjamin. $200 - 300 70. DOUGLAS MACARTHUR Excellent pre-war I.S.P., 8” x 10”, b/w, an image of the young officer showing him chest, up and in uniform, inscribed: “To the Lours - With cordial regard, Douglas MacArthur, Aug. 26, 1930”. Contrast fair to good considering the darker, background, else fine. $400 - 600

71. GEORGE C. MARSHALL (1880-1959) American general and statesman, Roosevelt’s Army Chief of Staff during World War II and author of the Marshall Plan which sustained Eastern Europe after the war. War-date T.L.S. on War Department letterhead, 1p. 4to., Washington, Nov. 7, 1941, to Congressman Hamilton Fish. Marshall forwards a letter from Fish regarding the request of the Poughkeepsie faction of The American Legion to have “certain field units participate in the Poughkeepsie Armistice Day parade ...”. Just one month before Pearl Harbor, Marshall states: “...Since the field commanders are in the best position to know the extent to which their troops can participate without detriment to their preparedness mission, the question of participation in any event has been left to the local commanders. I am therefore referring your letter and inclosure to the Commanding General...Fort Bragg...”. Staple holes at top left, else fine. $100 - 150

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74. OTTO MEISSNER Fine association T.L.S. on his State Secretary letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Jan. 24, 1934 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS sending his sincere thanks for having had sent to him Goebbels’ propaganda book “The Awakened Berlin”: “...I have read with great interest this captivating, insightful work...”. File holes at left margin, dockets at top, else very good. The Awakened Berlin was written and published by Goebbels in 1934 to document the Nazi Party’s struggle during the 1920’s and early 1930’s until finally coming to power. The book described all of the main players, including Hitler, Himmler, Göring, Goebbels, Hess, Frick, and Ernst Roehm...whom Hitler and Himmler would conspire to murder six months later. $200 - 300

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75. JOSEF MENGELE (1911 - ca. 1980) Nazi “doctor” who plied his trade at Auschwitz, he was the most brutal and detestable of all the camp doctors. It was Mengele’s decision as to whether camp inmates would be used as forced labor or sent directly to the gas chambers, and he as well performed hideous experiments on inmates, especially twins. After the war, Mengele fled to Argentina where he avoided capture until his death. Very rare full signature: “Mengele, Josef” cut from a German document, matted and framed with a full-length image of Mengele in civilian garb, and a biographical description. About twelve years ago a single document bearing about ten Mengele signatures was broken-up and the signatures sold separately - this is one of those examples. $1,500 - 2,000

& C.), ca. 1920. The front cover bears gilt trim and the presentation: “Remembrance of the First Communion”, with the front flyleaf bearing a pencil inscription in Italian with the presenter’s name and adding: “To the handsome boy Bruno Mussolini is invited the great virtue of the Father and the Holy Spirit...” as well as the location and date, Sep. 8, 1924. Corners are quite worn, cover slightly scuffed here and there, else binding is tight and contents are fine. $300 - 400

A letter to Rudolf Hess arguing the Black Tom and Kingsland sabotage reparations discussions

80. KONSTANTIN VON NEURATH (1873 - 1956) Nazi diplomat and Hitler’s advisor on foreign affairs. Later served as Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia. Sentenced to 15 years at Nuremberg. Scarce T.L.S. on official letterhead as Minister of Foreign Affairs, 3pp. large 4to., Berlin, Nov. 3, 1936 to RUDOLF HESS with a copy to HERMANN GÖRING, stamped “SECRET REICHS MATTER”. In part: “...The Foreign Office has recently received news that Hauptmann von Pfeffer recently sent a note to the American Embassy in which he expressed the difficulties which recently existed in Germany regarding the Munich Agreement are now eliminated...the German Government decided that in order to avoid unnecessary delays...they would send Dr. Markau to Washington...I was not informed of this step by Hauptmann Pfeffer but the mentioned information is being confirmed...Pfeffer was not authorized to send any information to the American Embassy nor to dispatch Dr. Markau. There is no reason to expect that the American government is ready to agree to the conditions...the negotiations...will only open up renewed [difficulties]...”. File holes, else very good. Von Neurath refers to the efforts of the Mixed Claims Commission which sought to obtain reparations for the U.S. for the Kingsland and Black Tom Island munitions plants sabotaged by German agents during World War I. On the previous July 6, both parties reached an agreement; and von Pfeffer signed the accord for Germany, presumably with the full authorization of his government. This document is known as the Munich Agreement. Ultimately, many of the claimants distrusted the Germans’ ability to pay the claims awarded and American courts threw out the agreement. It would be the 1950s before a final ($50 million) award was made. $300 - 400

76. WERNER MOLDERS (1913 - 1941) Luftwaffe pilot and the leading German fighter ace in the Spanish Civil War. The first pilot in aviation history to claim 100 kills, and instrumental in the development of new fighter tactics which led to the finger-four formation. Typed D.S. in bold graphite, [n.p., likely Belgium with Jagdgeschwader 51], Feb. 23, 1941, an approval of the promotion of Horst Walter to the rank of lieutenant: “Walter is a very passionate, clean and upstanding soldier, and inside he is pure. He is logical and clear in his thinking and he has a healthy motivation...I believe that he is acceptable...”. Paperclip stain at top, else very good. $400 - 500

81. KONSTANTIN VON NEURATH Scarce war-date T.L.S. on official letterhead as Reichsprotektor of Bohemia and Moravia, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Feb. 3, 1943 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. In part: “...Thank you for your friendly wishes for my seventieth birthday and the good wishes from your wife...I was very happy about the radio you sent at the same time. My wife would like to visit your wife as we hear she hasn’t yet fully recuperated...”. File holes at left margin, dockets, else very good. $250 - 350

77. AUDIE L. MURPHY (1924 - 1971) Most decorated U.S. combat soldier of World War II. Among his 33 awards and decorations was the Medal of Honor, also received every decoration for valor that his country had to offer, some of them more than once, including five decorations from France and Belgium. Credited with killing over 240 of the enemy while wounding and capturing many others. Very rare war-date signature and rank closely-cut, likely from an autograph album: “Best Regards to Ron from 1/Lt. Audie L. Murphy 3rd Inf. Div. A. U.S.”. Mounted, two small tape stains, else very good. $400 - 500

A torpedoman helps save the USS SCAMP, which would be lost with all hands months later

82. ADMIRAL NIMITZ COMMENDS A GALLANT SUBMARINER CHESTER W. NIMITZ (1885 - 1966) American admiral, Commander in Chief of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II and largely responsible for the successful “island-hopping” campaign against the Japanese. Fine lot of five items pertaining to Chief Torpedoman’s Mate Byron K. Gradoville’s service aboard the submarine USS SCAMP. Includes two signed commendations by Nimitz, each 1p. 4to. on U.S. Pacific Fleet letterhead, [n.p., n.d.] praising the sailor. The first commends the sailor for heroism while on patrol on Apr. 7, 1944. Nimitz notes that the vessel had been bombed by enemy aircraft and had lost all power with its control room filled with poisonous smoke. With the submerged submarine at risk of being lost, Gradoville risked his life to assess damage in all compartments. Once surfaced, he further risked grievous injury by unhesitatingly entering the wrecked superstructure to further determine the extent of the destruction. The second document also commends Gradoville for assisting his commanding officer: “...during a strenuous patrol period...”. Both documents award commendation ribbons and are

78. BENITO MUSSOLINI (1883 - 1945) Italian dictator whose fascist supporters marched on Rome, securing him power; allied with Hitler, after many military and political setbacks he was captured and executed at war’s end by partisans. Partly-printed D.S., 1p. sm. folio, Rome, Apr. 15, 1928, in Italian, untranslated but almost certainly a military promotion, boldly signed at bottom, also signed by KING VICTOR EMANUELE III (1869-1947) King of Italy who essentially served as a figurehead during Mussolini’s administration, abdicated the throne following the end of World War II. Very good. $150 - 200 79. (BENITO MUSSOLINI) BRUNO MUSSOLINI (1918 - 1941) Second son of Benito Mussolini, a dedicated combat pilot for the Italian Air Force killed while test fitting a new four-engine bomber. Leather-covered prayer book presented to Bruno Mussolini upon his first communion, Pietas del Sacerdote G.M., (Milan: A. Bertarelli

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America’s submarine fleet. Vessels described here include the USS SILVERSIDES, POGY, DRUM, ARCHERFISH, and SAND LANCE. Overall fine condition, most with transmittal envelopes. $350 - 450

boldly signed. Accompanied by a U.S. jack, traditionally flown at the bow of the vessel with this example also from Grodoville’s estate and presumably from the SCAMP, 33 1/4” along the hoist and 50” long, cotton with 36 stars sewn to both sides, four brass grommets affixed to the white canvas hoist which is stenciled: “UNION JACK NO 7 M I DEC 1942”. Scattered moth nips and soiling which is consistent with use. Also present is Gradoville’s double-ribbon pin-on bar and engraved Military Merit medal. A fine grouping. On Apr. 7, 1944 the SCAMP was bombed and sank to 300 feet where she finally leveled off. She “see sawed” three times, and started down a third time before power was regained. On Nov. 14, she was ordered to take up a life guard station off Tokyo Bay in support of B-29 bomber strikes, but failed to acknowledge the message. The vessel, likely again bombed, was never heard from again. $700 - 900

88. MATTHEW B. RIDGWAY (1895 - 1994) American Army general who led airborne assaults on Sicily and commanded U.N. forces in the Korean War. S.P. 3 1/2” x 5” sepia, a reprint of a wartime image of the general boldly signed on the face, additionally initialed on the verso with the caption: “Major General Comdg XVIII Airborne Corps. at a site on the ELBE RIVER, early May 1945 M.H.R.”. Fine. $100 - 150

A fine content letter to Goebbels commenting on her plans for Olympia

83. HIROSHI OSHIMA (1886 - 1975) General in the Japanese Army and Japanese ambassador to Nazi Germany during World War II. Virtually all of his diplomatic dispatches were intercepted by the Allies. Sentenced for war crimes at Tokyo and imprisoned until 1955. Rare war-date T.L.S., 2pp. large 4to., Berlin, Feb. 13, 1943 to Nazi Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels. In part: “...Please allow me to thank you for introducing the young Japanese violinist Miss Suwa into the artist circle in Berlin with the help of your ministry...Now you surpass yourself with your intention...to present an antique master violin by Omobono Stradivari to Miss Suwa as a sign of German- Japanese friendship...I express my warmest gratitude for your generous intention...”. File holes at left margin, else fine. The subject of a September, 2012 New York Times article, the origin of the Stradivarius violin remains unknown and its history is still the subject of intense speculation. The violin is still in the hands of Ms. Suwa’s family. $600 - 800

89. LENI RIEFENSTAHL (1902 - 2003) German film director, an intimate friend of Hitler who filmed the propaganda classic, Triumph of the Will. Important fine association A.L.S. on her correspondence card, Hohenlychen, July 20, 1935 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. Riefenstahl writes from a sanatorium, where she is recovering from a kidney infection, on her ongoing preparations to film Olympia. In part: “...through the morphium and the other poisons, my recovery continues...when I am pain-free, I am reading everything about the Olympics...I am getting a better and better picture how these films should be made. I am very excited about this work and that this time we can create something together...the Fuhrer...visited Herrn Hess...he also visited me...a ray of sun in these dark days...”. Two file holes, else very good. Previously, historians believed that in 1936 Hitler invited Riefenstahl to film the Olympic Games in Berlin, a film which Riefenstahl claimed had been commissioned by the International Olympic Committee. This letter clearly shows that Goebbels (whose romantic advances were rejected by Riefenstahl) planned the film a year earlier. $500 - 700

84. ERICH RAEDER (1876 - 1960) Commander and Chief of the German Navy (1933 - 1943) who was largely responsible for its expansion. Retired over growing differences with Hitler. Superb S.P., 10 1/2” x 13 1/2” (sight) b/w, a fine chest, up pose in uniform by Binder, boldly signed “Raeder” on the mount adding his rank as Generaladmiral and dated by him Sep. 30, 1937. Very fine condition, set in a later gilt wood frame. $600 - 800

Rommel extends Christmas greeting to Joseph Goebbels

90. ERWIN J. ROMMEL (1891 - 1944) German field marshal whose Afrika Corps threw back repeated British and American assaults in North Africa, later he defended Normandy and ultimately was forced to commit suicide due to his implication in the Hitler bomb plot. Fine association war-date T.L.S. on his Der Oberfehlshaber Panzerarmee Afrika” letterhead, 1p. 4to., “In the field”, Jan. 2, 1943 to Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels. Rommel warmly thanks Goebbels for his Christmas greetings, presents and New Years sentiments, extends his own best wishes, and concludes: “...hoping that the new year will bring us forward to great victory...”. Boldly signed in indelible pencil. File holes at left, else fine condition. After defeat at El Alamein and a skillful withdrawal to Tunesia the previous Fall, Rommel would soon inflict a sharp defeat on the American forces at the Kasserine Pass, in February. $1,000 - 1,200

85. GILBERT RENAULT “COLONEL REMY” (1904 - 1984) French Resistance fighter, known during the war as “Colonel Rémy” . He is one of the most famous secret agents of occupied France during the World War II, and was known under various pseudonyms such as Raymond, Jean-Luc, Morin, Watteau, Roulier, Beauce and Rémy. Rare signed book, his Memoirs of a Secret Agent of the Free French, (Paris: Raoul Solar), 1946, in French. 194pp. soft-bound, uncut, illustrated by EMILE COMPARD (1900-1977). The front flyleaf bears a lengthy inscription signed by the author as “Remy”, and also bears an original ink-wash illustration similar to the cover illustration, painted and signed by the artist Compard. Near fine. $400 - 600 86. (JOACHIM VON RIBBENTROP) (1893 - 1946) Nazi foreign minister. First of the Nuremberg defendants to hang on October 16, 1946. T.L.S. with printed signature on his State Department letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Apr. 4, 1939 to HERMANN GÖRING. In part: “...At the end of the month of April of this year, we are expecting a visit from the Hungarian Minister President Graf Teleki and the Minister of State Graf Csaky...and at the end of May and official visit by Prince Regent Paul of Yugoslavia...”. Multiple dockets, else very good. $100 - 150 87. HYMAN G. RICKOVER (1900 - 1986) American admiral responsible for the construction of the “Nuclear Navy”, starting with the submarine Nautilus. Fine lot of five (5) T.L.S.s, each 1p. 4to. on an official submarine’s letterhead, depending on the letter, “At Sea”, 1971-72. Rickover was a master of public relations and made it a habit to send multiple letters to important political figures from every new atomic submarine and ship he commissioned as it returned from sea trials. Each of these letters, all typed and handsigned, was sent to an associate of powerful Vermont Sen. George D. Aiken. Every letter describes the vessel’s successful sea trials, the history of its namesake vessel, describes features of the newest vessel, and concludes with a summary of the strength of

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95. HANS-ULRICH RUDEL (1916 - 1982) Luftwaffe ace of World War II. Rudel flew 2,530 combat missions and successfully attacked many tanks, trains, ships, and other ground targets, claiming a total of 2,000 targets destroyed - including 800 vehicles, 519 tanks, 150 artillery guns, a destroyer, two cruisers, one Soviet battleship and nine aircraft. Holder of the Knights Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds. S.P. 11” x 7” sepia, a reprint of a vintage image showing Rudel with Mussolini, boldly signed at blank left margin in black marker. Rudel participated in the operation to free Mussolini from the hands of the Italian partisans. Very good condition. $150 - 200

91. ALFRED ROSENBERG (1893 - 1946) Nazi leader considered the ideologist of Nazism, Reichsminister of the eastern territories, executed at Nuremberg. Fine association dedication, likely removed from his book and trimmed to 4 1/2” x 7”: “Party member J[ulius]. Streicher in old battle camaraderie A. Rosenberg Berlin, 31.12.33”, with a separate piece of paper affixed at bottom, a piece of the title page of Rosenberg’s The Myth of the Twentieth Century ornately printed. Fine. $300 - 400 92. ALFRED ROSENBERG Printed D.S. on his Reichsleiter Reichsminister correspondence card, 1p. 16mo., Berlin, Jan. 22, 1945, acknowledgement and thanks for birthday wishes sent to him, boldly signed at bottom. Staple hole at top, else fine. From a group of correspondence belonging to Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels. $250 - 350

96. BERNHARD RUST (1883 - 1945) Nazi Minister of Science, Education and National Culture. His philosophy was that the entire purpose of education “is to create Nazis”. Committed suicide at war’s end. Fine association T.L.S. on his official letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, [n.d., ca. Oct. 12, 1939] to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. In part: “...I presented the Fuhrer...for his fiftieth birthday a present, the collected works of important German scholars since 1933 and I am honored to also give you a printing of this gift...”. File holes in margin, receiving stamp at top, else very good. $200 - 300

“I wish I could continue to lead my squadron against the enemy...”

Condolences sent to the parents of a youth killed in combat

97. BALDUR VON SCHIRACH (1907 - 1974) Nazi leader of the Hitler Youth and Gauleiter of Vienna, sentenced at Nuremberg to twenty years for war crimes. Scarce war-date T.L.S. “Schirach” on NSDAP Hitler Youth official letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Sep. 22, 1942 to Dietrich Wilken whose young son had been killed in combat. In part: “…your son Hans, leader of Group Bann 691st North Sea area, died on the field of honor in the East. Please accept my heartfelt sympathy to you and your wife…The youth movement of Adolf Hitler mourns with you. You can be proud of the comrade who did his duty at home and in the war front with leadership to the end. This young German was a model and the Hitler Youth will keep a faithful and cherished memory of your son Has. So your son will live on!…”. With transmittal envelope. The young man was likely a member of a Waffen-SS Hitler Youth Division which increasingly became cannon fodder as the war ground on. Folds, else near fine. $300 - 400

98. FERDINAND SCHAAL (1889 - 1962) German commander of the 10th Panzer Division involved in the Polish campaign and in the taking of Calais, later implicated in the July 20 plot and imprisoned until war’s end. War-date D.S. in indelible pencil, 1p. 8vo., Dec. 19, 1941, an award of the Iron Cross 2nd Class to a member of Nebelwerfer Reg. 51. Very good. $150 - 200

99. HJALMAR SCHACHT (1877 - 1970) German financier and banker who engineered the rearmament of Germany. Broke with Hitler and joined the resistance when Germany went to war. Aquitted at Nuremberg. T.L.S. as Minister of Economics on official letterhead, 3pp. large 4to., Berlin, Dec. 16, 1936 to HERMANN GÖRING. A rather telling letter exposing the growth of Germany’s arms industry, in part: “...The Reichs Forestry Department was recently ordered to provide forest property in Hamburg to erect a plant for the production of explosives...I ask myself is the increasing of German explosive exports really possible and are these based on insane expectations?...” He continues, explaining the contractual obligations make exports impossible, and that English and American competitors had a great advantage over similar industries in Germany. He concludes refusing to release funds to build the plant. File holes at left margin, else very good. $200 - 300

93. HANS-ULRICH RUDEL (1916-1982) Stuka dive-bomber pilot during World War II, the most highly decorated German serviceman of the war. War-date A.L.S. in blue ink, 2pp., 4to., Jan. 14, 1945 to Reichsminister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS on his personal letterhead, “Schlachtgeschwader 2 ‘Immelmann’ Commodore”, thanking Goebbels for the congratulations sent for his award and promotion and adding: “...I wish I could continue to lead my squadron against the enemy...there are ‘black clouds’ on the horizon...Heil Hitler, H. U. Rudel”. Also present is Rudel’s personal field post envelope addressed to “Reichsminister Dr. Goebbels, (1) Berlin”. Docket stamp at top right , file holes at left, staple holes at top left corner, usual folds, else fine. Rudel was awarded his Golden Oak Leaves on December 29, 1944. $300 - 400

94. HANS ULRICH RUDEL A.N.S. “Hans Ulrich” on the verso of his calling card, [n.p.], dec. 3, 1967 in German to Otto Skorzeny: “Dear Otto, please sign the picture for a young friend...”. Staple and some soiling at top, else very good. From Skorzeny’s personal estate, handled by us. $100 - 150

Live Auction - Part I - Wednesday, January 30, 2013

100. ARTUR SEYSS-INQUART (1892 - 1946) Nazi occupation governor of Holland and deputy governor of Poland, executed as war criminal. Fine association T.L.S. on his personal correspondence card, 1p. 12mo., the Hague, July 26, 1943 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS thanking him for having sent best wishes upon the occasion of Seyss-Inquart’s birthday. File and staple hole, stamp receiving docket at top, else very good. $300 - 400

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108. OTTO GEORG THIERACK (1889 - 1946) Nazi Minister of Justice, made penal prosecution of all unpopular persons and groups harsher, with “antisocial” convicts turned over to the SS. This usually meant Jews, Poles, Russians, and Gypsies to be “annihilated through work”. Committed suicide after his arrest. T.L.S. on official letterhead as Minister of Justice, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Apr. 30, 1943 to JOSEPH GOEBBELS expressing his thanks to Goebbels for having sent to him birthday wishes and mentioning how he had looked forward to the event. File holes at left, else fine. $300 - 400

101. OTTO SKORZENY (1908 - 1975) Nazi officer and Hitler’s chief and favorite commando, he made a daring mountain-top rescue of Mussolini, placed English-speaking soldiers in American uniforms to mislead American forces in the Bulge, and after the war headed the organization that helped hundreds of ex-SS officers flee Germany. Bold signature on the face of an Eisenhower commemorative first day postal cover, Washington, Aug. 6, 1970 (coincidentally, the 25th anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima). Sold with a rare original 1943 German press photo, 5” x 7” with German paper caption affixed to verso, a chest, up portrait of Skorzeny following his rescue of Mussolini and receipt of his Knights Cross. Two pieces, near fine. $200 - 300

109. PAUL W. TIBBETS (1915 - 2007) American bomber pilot of the Enola Gay which delivered the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, August 6, 1945. Partly-printed check, Columbus, OH, Dec. 4, 1991, drawn on Bank One and ordering a $71.91 payment to Carl Zipf Lock Shop Inc. Boldly engrossed and signed, fine. With a 5” x 7” b/w image. $60 - 80

102. ALBERT SPEER (1905-1981) Nazi German architect and Minister of Armaments and War Production, convicted of war crimes at Nuremburg. Most uncommon D.S., 1p. folio, Detmold, Apr. 20, 1939 (Hitler’s birthday), the appointment of August Diekmann to serve as saltwater baths inspector at Bad Salzuflen. A fold and light soiling, else very good, with blind embossed eagle and swastika seal. Bad Salzuflen is a spa town and is known for its saltwater springs and thermal baths. Speer is rare in war-date documents. $300 - 400

110. PAUL W. TIBBETS A patriotic FDC honoring the first atomic bomb dropped, cancelled U.S. Army Postal Service with date Aug. 1, 1945, boldly signed by Tibbets and also by the designer of the cover, U. S. Army Capt. Frank L. Teixeira. Fine. $50 - 75

111. HANS VON TSCHAMMER UND OSTEN (1887 - 1943) German sport official, SA leader and a member of the Reichstag. He played a major role in the structure and organization of the 1936 Olympic Games. Fine association T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Dec. 30, 1934 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. In part: “...For the New Year I wish you all the best...May the year 1935 bring you health and strength to reach the goals you have set for yourself...I promise you smooth cooperation...in regards the 1936 Olympics we will do everything necessary for the worldwide reputation of Germany...”. File holes at left, else fine. $200 - 300

103. HERMANN STEHR (1864 - 1940) German writer and advocate of the “blood-and-soil” ideology, he also wrote a justification for the legality of the murders during the Rohm putsch. The Nazis celebrated Stehr as a “prophet of the German soul” and praised him for his “ethnic earthiness”. Fine association T.L.S. on his official letterhead, 1p. 4to., Berlin, Mar. 1, 1934 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. He thanks Goebbels for sending a letter upon the occasion of his 70th birthday: “...and your forceful commemoration of my life’s work...I am happy that my lonely and so often dark rings around the German man are finally getting the light of recognition...”. Some faults include ragged right margin, file holes at left, two toned spots and a small fold split, still quite good. $250 - 350

112. LEONARD F. WING (1893-1945) Major general, Commander Army 43rd Infantry Division, named “Winged Victory”. War-date T.L.S. 1p. 4to., Headquarters of the 43d Infantry Division, Feb. 27, 1945, to two boys collecting autographs. In part: “...When I left home over four years ago my boys were still boys. One is now a prisoner of war in Germany. War is a terrifically useless and wasteful thing and boys of your generation must, and I am sure will, do everything to prevent it. Not by misguided ideas of disarmament or pacifism by insisting that our country be so strong that no one will dare attack it...”. Wing includes two pieces of Japanese invasion money, ten pesos each, signed by him adding rank. With original envelope, light staining to bottom, signatures on bills a bit light, overall very good condition. $150 - 200

104. JULIUS STREICHER (1885 - 1946) Nazi journalist and politician, editor of “Der Sturmer” and virulent anti-Semite, executed at Nuremberg. Partly-printed D.S., 1p. oblong 8vo. [Nuremberg], Nov. 17, 1945, a form typically given by Nuremberg Trial guards to prisoners certifying that the signature appearing is their “proper” signature, boldly signed in pencil: “Julius Streicher”. Fine condition. $200 - 300 105. JULIUS STREICHER T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. 4to., Nurnberg, Dec. 22, 1939 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. Streiched regretfully must advise his party comrade that he is unable to send the traditional Nuremberg gingerbread this year, as that product was now a rationed and regulated product. He nevertheless wishes Goebbels a happy new year. File holes at left, else fine. $400 - 500

113. KARL WOLFF (1906-1975) Colonel-general in the WaffenSS, liason officer for Himmler with Hitler, German military governor of Northern Italy. Fine association T.L.S. in green indelible pencil on Reichsfuhrer-SS letterhead, 1p. large 4to., Berlin, ca. Jan. 27, 1937 officially advising that SS-Hauptsturmfuhrer Gerhard Klopfer has been promoted to the rank of sturmbannfuhrer. File holes at left, left corners slightly browned, else very good. GERHARD KLOPFER (1905-1987) was an SS officer, member of the Gestapo, served as Martin Bormann’s assistant in the Party Chancellery, and represented Bormann at the Wannsee Conference. In 1938, he became responsible for the seizing of Jewish businesses and for questions about mixed marriages. $300 - 400

106. JULIUS STREICHER Nuremburg. Fine association war-date T.L.S. on his personal letterhead, 1p. 4to., Nuremberg, Jan. 2, 1935 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. Streicher thanks Goebbels for his generosity in sending a Christmas gift of a silver-framed photograph, a 17th centurybook of views from Nuremberg, and a “Lorenz-Ritterbuch” and especially appreciates the underlying camaraderie of the gifts. He extends good wishes to Goebbels, his wife, and their children. Dockets at top, file holes at left, else very good. $400 - 500

114. AMERICAN ADMIRALS AND NAVAL OFFICERS A group of thirteen signatures of Admirals and Naval officers, mostly in signed card format, includes: HUGH RODMAN, BRADLEY ALLEN FISKE (an interesting questionnaire in which Fiske adds his hobby as “Inventing”), , DANIEL E. BARBEY, ALFRED EUGENE MONTGOMERY (2), CHARLES MCMORRIS (2), CHARLES TURNER JOY, ALBERT S. BARKER, ARTHUR D. STRUBLE, LOUIS KEMPFF, and another not identified by us. Condition ranges from good to very good. $100 - 150

107. JOSEF TERBOVEN (1898 - 1945) Nazi leader, Reichskommissar for Norway. Declared martial law in Trondheim in 1942, and ordered the destruction of Telavåg. Committed suicide by detonating 50 kg of dynamite in a bunker. Fine association T.L.S. on his official Norwegian letterhead, 1p. 4to., Oslo, June 2, 1943 to Minister of Propaganda JOSEPH GOEBBELS. He thanks Goebbels for his birthday wishes and the gift of an oil painting which will be kept for safety reasons at Skaugen, the Norwegian crown prince’s former residence. File holes, staple top left, receiving stamp, else fine. $300 - 400

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115. AMERICAN MILITARY NOTABLES OF WORLD WAR II Group of items signed by three WW II prominent military men. Includes: I.S.P. 8” x 10” color of JIMMY DOOLITTLE American aviator and Tokyo air raider, showing him in uniform later in life, a clipped signature of OMAR BRADLEY, general and later Chairman of the Joint Chiefs, and a signed book cover from his memoirs by M.O.H winner RICHARD O’KANE. A fine group. $100 - 150

demanding the surrender of encircled Bastogne. McAuliffe will be forever remembered for his one word response: “Nuts!”. Fine condition. Accompanied by: a 4pp. copy of “German Source Materials on File with Ardennes Subsection as of 2 January 1946”, also a copy of the consignor’s 4pp. signed copy of the “German Order of Battle in the Ardennes”, signed by many of the same commanders as the above document, and letter of provenance. $800 - 1,200

116. BRITISH MILITARY COMMANDERS OF WORLD WAR II A lot of six signatures of prominent British commanders, includes: JOHN E. AUCHINLECK (signed FDC adding date June 16, 1967; GERALD TEMPLER (signed FDC); BERNARD FREYBERG (war-date signature on his official lettersheet); ANDREW CUNNINGHAM (signature on a card), H. R. M. BROOKE-POPHAM (signature on folded sheet); and ARCHIBALD SINCLAIR (war-date T.L.S. on Air MInistry letterhead, June 10, 1940, thanking Admiral Sir Murray Sueter for his goodwill). Overall very good condition overall. $150 - 200

118. GERMAN KNIGHT’S CROSS AWARDEES Fine signed photo bearing the images of four Luftwaffe Knight’s Cross awardees and signed by each, 16 1/2” x 11 3/4” color, shows excellent renderings of four aircraft, squadron emblems, and the recipients, signed by each beside their photo portraits by: GUNTHER RALL, HAJO HERRMANN, HANS-EKKEHARD BOB, and WALTER SCHUCK. Fine. $75 - 100

119. JURGEN WAGNER AND FELIX STEINER (1901 - 1947) Brigadeführer in the Waffen SS, commander of the 23rd SS Volunteer Panzer Grenadier Division “Nederland”, awarded the Knight’s Cross with Oak Leaves. War-date D.S. , 2pp. 4to., [on leave in Germany], Apr. 25, 1944 a promotion recommendation for SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Dietrich Ziemssen. Co-signed in pencil at top by FELIX STEINER (18961966) Waffen-SS officer He skillfully commanded the SS-Deutschland Regiment through the invasions of Poland, France and the Low Countries, later leading the SS-Division Wiking, III (Germanic) SS Panzer Corps, and 11th SS Panzer-Army. Very good. $300 - 400

120. MASAHARU HOMMA AND JONATHAN WAINWRIGHT MASAHARU HOMMA (1887 - 1946) Japanese general in charge of the invasion of the Philippines and the infamous Bataan “Death March”. Homma also ordered the bombing of Manila after the declaration that it was an “open” city. Executed for war crimes following a military trial. Rare, bold signature in both Japanese and english characters penned in blue ink on the verso of a Philippine one-peso “Victory” note. Sold with JONATHAN WAINWRIGHT (1883 - 1953) “Skinny”, American general who defended Bataan and Corregidor and surrendered to Homma, signature and rank cut from a letter. Also present is a rare Japanese war-date press photo, 10 1/2” x 7 1/2”, showing Wainwright negotiating the American surrender, with printed Japanese caption on verso. Three pieces, very good. $500 - 700

117. GERMAN COMMANDERS OF THE BATTLE OF THE BULGE An extraordinary discovery, a set of three pages bearing nine ink signatures of important German military leaders, Wehrmacht and WaffenSS, who participated in the Ardennes offensive of December 1944-January 1945, otherwise known as the Battle of the Bulge. The signatures were obtained by U.S. Army G-2 intelligence officers during interrogation of the commanders from June through August, 1945. This list, 3pp. 4to., [n.p., n.d., ca. mid-summer, 1945] was obtained by our consignor directly from one of the Army G-2 interrogators and is accompanied by the consignor’s letter of provenance. The signatures, each penned above the signer’s rank and command, could have been obtained for any number of reasons: comparison purposes, research, or simply as a souvenir. Those signing, in order, include: FRITZ KRAEMER (1900-1959) German Waffen-SS and Heer officer,Knights Cross recipient. He commanded and a commander of the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler and the 12.SS-Panzer-Division Hitlerjugend; CARL WAGENER (1901-1988) Generalmajor in the Wehrmacht, recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross Chief of Staff, Fifth Panzer Army; RUDOLF CHRISTOPH FREIHERR VON GERSDORFF (1905-1980) German Chief of Staff, Seventh Army, Knights Cross recipient. Discovered the Katyn Woods massacre site, attempted to assassinate Adolf Hitler by suicide bombing in March 1943; PERCY ERNST SCHRAMM (1894-1970) German historian, official staff diarist of the German High Command during World War II; FRITZ BAYERLEIN (1899-1970) German panzer general and a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords, commanded the Sixth Panzer Div. and Panzer Lehr Division, most notably at Bastogne; HEINZ KOKOTT (1900-1976) Generalmajor in the Wehrmacht, recipient of the Knight’s Cross. Primarily responsible for the siege of Bastogne; WALTER DENKERT (18971982) Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht, a recipient of the Knight’s Cross, commander 3rd Panzern Grenadiers, captured by American troops in April 1945 in the Ruhr Pocket; SIEGFRIED VON WALDENBURG Commander of the 116th Panzer Div. in the Ardennes; and HEINRICH FREIHERR VON LUTTWITZ (1896-1969) German general of Panzer troops who issued an ultimatum to Gen. Anthony McAuliffe

Live Auction - Part I - Wednesday, January 30, 2013

121. PEARL HARBOR ADVERSARIES A great pair of items signed by two of the chief protagonists from the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Includes MITSUO FUCHIDA, a rare signed imprint, “Intercepted Diplomatic Messages Sent By the Japanese Government Between July 1 and December 8, 1941”, (Washington: Government Printing Office), 1945. 254pp. 8vo. Marked “CONFIDENTIAL”, this grouping of diplomatic messages, received and de-ciphered by American codebreakers, was used by the Joint Committee which investigated the attack and ultimately crucified Kimmel and Short. Signed by Fuchida in Japanese and English characters on the cover in pencil, just a tad light. Sold with HUSBAND E. KIMMEL, scarce S.P. 10” x 8” b/w, an image of Kimmel and Army Gen. Walter Short during their grilling by a post-war joint Congressional committee which ultimately blamed them for the disaster at Pearl. With a second unsigned photo of Col. Rufus Bratton looking at the infamous Japanese “ultimatum” telegram of Dec. 7. Three pieces. $400 - 500

122. MILITARY LEADERS A First Day Cover honoring the 150th Anniversary of the launching of the USS Constitution, cancelled U. S. Frigate Constitution, Oct. 2, 1947, and signed by noted military men: MAXWELL TAYLOR, CURITS LEMAY, JAMES VAN FLEET, MATHEW RIDGWAY, WILLIAM WESTMORELAND, JOE FOSS, A. C. WEDEMEYER and ALEXANDER HAIG. Very good. $150 - 200 123. WORLD WAR II A great group of 11 items signed by legends of World War II, includes SHERMAN MILES (1882-1966) American lieutenant general, commanding general of the I Corps during Pearl Harbor, war-date A.L.S. Sept. 1942, written on his Commanding General letterhead from Boston, sending sympathy. With signed envelope. Along with JIMMY DOOLITTLE, S.P. 10” x 8” b/w, shows Doolittle at the age of 79, seated in his office. Boldly signed at top right; FRANCIS “GABBY” GABRESKI, three items: S.P. 5” x 7” color,

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came closest to losing but ended up as a victory occurred on 11 May 1943. I was the fighter group leader flying my personal P38...We had left North Africa...and were escorting about one Bomb Group of B25s in a 200 Bomber raid to Marsala Sicily. As we reached the target area, we were met by a number of M.E. 109s who came in to attack the Bombers....I got a few strikes on him indicated by flashes from tracer bullets he then turned in toward me in a head on pass and I let him have it with 4 50 calibers and one 20mm and he got one 20mm stuck down alongside my machine guns as we passed at extremely close range. My instrument panel was pretty well shot up...”; with ROBERT M. LEE, A.L.S> 1969, in part: “...As Deputy Commander for Operations of the United U.S. Air Force...several...stand out. First, the rather depressing reaction of the 1st U.S. Army Hq. at Spa, Belgium, on the morning of December 17, 1944, upon realizing that the enemy had made a sizeable break-through. I was present for a large meeting for finalization of plans for a big push by the 1st and 9th U.S. Armies...needless to say there was a rapid change of plans...”; ROBERT L. BASELER, A.L.S. 1971, in part: “...My most memorable mission and victory was on 30 January 1944 when I led 60 P47s of the 325th Fighter Group up the middle of the Adriatic Sea for 300 miles...and caught the Germans taking off to intercept the bomber stream that was 15 minutes behind us...We shot down 37 enemy aircraft and lost two. I shot down a JU88...”; and MAURICE G. LONG, T.L.S. 1984, in part: “...It was a couple of days before D Day and we were ordered to escort some B-26s into France...We were sure that we would not see any German fighters that close to the French coast, so we were feeling rather sorry for ourselves...I was at the front when one of the guys in the back of the stream called out that there were German fighters back there. I lost no time in getting back in that area and as soon as I got near...I saw a lone FW190 which I proceeded to engage...He and I fought for what seemed to be an eternity until I was finally able to get a crossing shot...”. Very good condition. $150 - 200

a reprint of an image of Gabreski in his bomber bearing 28 Nazi flags indicating “kills”, a signed FDC honoring Lindbergh, cancelled Roosevelt Field, May 20, 1977, and separate signature on a small sheet; SAMUEL FUQUA, S.P. 10” x 8” b/w, a reprint of a vintage image showing the USS Arizona, boldly signed; MAXWELL TAYLOR, small vintage S.P. 3” x 4 1/2” b/w, shows Maxwell at his desk, boldly signed; DONALD K. ROSS, signed FDC honoring Pearl Harbor, cancelled Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1986; and CURTIS G. SHAKE, Judge at Nuremburg, two signed checks from 1970. Together 11 pieces, very good. $200 - 300

124. WORLD WAR II A great group of 11 items from legendary players in World War II, includes: GENL. JOHN L. HINES, bold signature on a small card; FRANCIS “GABBY” GABRESKI, two S.P.s: 5” x 7” color, a reprint of a famous image of Gabreski in his bomber with is adorned with Nazi flags, and a 8” x 10” b/w, a reprint of Gabreski deplaning. Both boldly signed; WILLIAM E. POTTER, T.L.S. on Walt Disney letterhead, Aug. 5, 1969, recalling his most memorable event in WWIl, JIMMY DOOLITTLE, S.P. 8” x 10” color, shows Doolittle in uniform in his later years, inscribed to R. L. Adams; MAXWELL D. TAYLOR, bold signature on a small green card; RICHARD H. KANE, S.P. 8” x 10” b/w, shows the sub commander in a head and shoulders pose in uniform, boldly signed 1986; SAMUEL FUQUA, FDC honoring the USS Arizona, cancelled Arlington, Nov. 11, 1979 and boldly signed; Ace JERRY O’KEEFE, A.L.S. 1p. 4to., May 10, 1984, describing his most exciting kill, and CURTIS G. SHAKE, Judge at Nuremberg, a signed check from 1970. An added bonus is a humorous A.L.S. by an unknown soldier on Army letterhead, not dated but likely WWII, in which he writes: “...My Aunt died and is doing nicely, and I hope you are the same...My sister has the mumps, and is having a swell time....” etc. Together 11 items, very good. $150 - 200

125. WORLD WAR II A great group of 11 pieces by prominent World War II figures, includes: FRANCIS “GABBY” GABRESKI, three S.P.s, two being 5” x 7” and the other 8” x 10”, each showing Gabby in his Nazi flag-festooned bomber; TOM GLEAVE, printed drawing of Gleave in head and shoulders, boldly signed at lower right adding “Sq/Ldr O. C. No 253 Sqdn in the Battle of Britain 1940”; DONALD K. ROSS, S.P. 10” x 8” b/w, a grisly shot showing mangled bodies from Pearl Harbor; BERNARD LAW MONTGOMERY, signature on a yellow card “Montgomery of Alamein”; JACOB BESER, S.P. 8” x 10” b/w, a reprint of an image showing Beser standing in front of the Enola Gay; MAXWELL D. TAYLOR, signature on a small card; AIREY NEAVE, signature on a small card; CURTIS G. SHAKE, Judge at Nuremberg, signed check from 1970, and one other S.P. of a general not identified by us. 11 items, very good. $200 - 300

130. WORLD WAR II AMERICAN ACES A group of six fine content letters of World War II aces, most discussing their favorite “kill” of World War II, includes: CHARLES DU BOIS, A.N.S on a an 8vo sheet, in full: “Most rewarding victory: shot zero off tail of my flight leader - South China - 1942”; THOMAS L. HAYES, A.L.S. 1985, in part: “...You ask what was my most memorable victory? I could say the one ME 109 that gave me the hardest and longest flight. Or that Zero that shot me down in the Pacific, over Bali...But I would say the time we were escorting a large air drop to the Free French in the mountains of Southern France. Some ME109s appeared - none of the got home to report the location. Not one!”; FRANCIS M. FLEMING, A.L.S. 1985, in part: “...Probably my most memorable victory was in November 1943. We (12 fighter planes) were...toward a group of ‘bogeys’...We spotted them...we didn’t have an altitude advantage and took them on ‘even steven.’...My first kill was easy: it burned after a short burst. Then I chased a Zero...I hit him maximum fire bonesight range & hit him...This action happened near Makin Island...”; JOHN STRANE, A.L.S. 1984, in part: “...My most memorable experience...would have to be Oct. 25th of 1944 when during the Battle of the Bulge for Leyte Gulf...I was hit by two planes that came from underneath my nose...rescued by the USS Cotten...”; FREDERICK E. DICK, T.L.S. 1972, in part: “...I supposed it was the Zeke (Zero) I shot down over Samah Air Strip on March 6, 1945, Hainen Island, Indo China. It turned out that it was the 2500th aerial victory over the Japanese air force...The Jap plane exploded and since I was firing at close range I had to fly through the pieces...”; and WILLIAM A. DANIEL, A.L.S. on a small card mentioning “many of the old ‘Heroes First Class’”. Very good, more content. $150 - 200

126. WORLD WAR II A group of four items by World War II military figures, includes: OMAR N. BRADLEY, bold pencil signature on his General’s card; MARK W. CLARK, bold signature on a 3x5 card; ALEXANDER M. PATCH, war-date T.L.S. on Headquarters Seventh Army letterhead, 1p. 4to., Feb. 12, 1945, sending an autograph. Damaged. Together with LAURIS NORSTAD, signature on a small card green, and a grim original Signal Corps photograph, 10” x 8” b/w, showing a dead German soldier in the Gothic Line area, Sept. 19, 1944. $200 - 300

127. WORLD WAR II ACES A signed printed magazine image measuring 8” x 6” b/w, showed acclaimed aces HUB ZEMKE, GUNTHER RALL and FRANCIS S. “GABBY” GABRESKI in their later years standing together. Boldly signed by each across his respective image. Affixed a cardboard, edges bear toned tape which could be matted-out, very good. $100 - 150

131. WORLD WAR II AMERICAN ACES A group of six letters of aces, with content about their memorable experiences during the war, includes: MERRIWELL W. VINEYARD, A.L.S. 1984, in part: “...My most memorable Victory during World War II was my trip down the gangplanks in San Francisco, Calif., after my last combat tour....”; HAROLD E. VITA, A.L.S. 1973, in part: “...I was leading the Second Division of 4 aircraft heading for Kiki Island on a bombing mission. We encountered 16 Japs ZEKE’s headed for the Fleet. We dropped our bombs and destroyed all Jap aircraft without a loss...”: JOSEPH P. LYNCH, A.L.S. 1984, “...I guess that my most memorable victory was a double which I got in July of 1945 over Japan. It was quite a dogfight, there were

128. WORLD WAR II ACES A set of six printed engravings of individual aces, 8” x 10” b/w, bust portraits with squadron’s insignia behind him, signed by each in pencil. Includes: FRANCIS “GABBY” GABRESKI, ROBBIE RIMER, CAROOLL WARREN “RED” MCCOLPIN, HERMAN ERNST, DAVID MCCAMPBELL and HARLEY CAMDEN VAUGHN. Fine condition, ideal for display. $100 - 150 129. WORLD WAR II ACES A lot of four fine letters by acclaimed aces, with content regarding their experiences in battle, includes: EVERETT OSHER, A.L.S. 1971, in part: “...The one mission that I

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eight Marines and an estimated eighty Japanese fighters...”; C. L. RUFFNER, brief A.N.S. [n.d.], in part: “...My most memorable exciting moment of the war was the Armistice with Germany. The second most exciting was the Armistice with Japan...”; JAMES B. TAPP, A.L.S. 1985, in part: “...With regard to the most memorable victory I suppose it was my sixth. We were flying high cover for the 21st Group which was strafing an airfield. I spotted two Jacks at a slightly lower altitude, and headed in our direction. I began a lead curve of pursuit pass from about 45 degrees...As soon as I was in range, I started firing. All of the Airto-Air gunnery training I had paid off. I immediately saw hits as indicated by the incendiary flashes...: and DONALD GAST, A.L.S. 1974, in part: “...My most memorable victory - it would have to be the first encounter with Zeros over Munda on the late afternoon of Dec. 23rd 1942. I would imagine the first time one duels in the air with enemy fighters - both pilots shooting for keeps - must be the most memorable...”. Very good condition. $150 - 200

136. ACTORS, SINGERS AND ENTERTAINERS WRITE TO JOSEPH GOEBBELS Fine lot of 13 letters, all but three being A.L.S.s, 14pp. total, 1930s through 1945, written by various prominent German actors, entertainers, singers, and a few other notables to Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels. Content is generally routine: thanking Goebbels for his birthday wishes, or offering their own, holiday regards, wedding announcements, etc. Among the correspondents are: KRUPP BOHLEN HALBACH, KAETHE DORSCH, HANS SCHAUFUSS, MICHAEL RAUCHEISEN, LISSIE VON ROSEN, URSULA GABBY, MARION SKALDEN, IRENE VON MEYENDORFF, URSULA DEINERT, LISELOTTE KOESTER, and others unidentified by others. Worthy of research. $200 - 300

137. HISPANIC MEDAL OF HONOR AWARDEE Hispanic Veterans FDC signed on the face by SILVESTRE S. HERRERA (1917-2007), awarded the Medal of Honor during World War II for single-handedly capturing eight Germans following his one-man charge on their position in Mertzwiller, France. Fine. $60 - 80

132. WORLD WAR II AMERICAN ADMIRALS A group of four letters of prominent U.S. Admirals, with content about memorable moments, includes: JAMES L. HOLLOWAY, JR., A.L.S. 1969, in part: “...There are quite a few incidents of WWII I remember vividly - some combat, some operational...Perhaps most harrowing was taking Fast Battleship IOWA out of Ulithi Atoll at night in the midst of Typhoon of worst kind, because possible destruction on coral reefs was so very close at hand. I was a captain in command, on list for flag rank, which made situation even more critical, personally...”; ARTHUR W. RADORD, T.L.S. 1969, in part: “...It is difficult for me to select my most interesting experience as an Admiral. I enjoyed my whole Navy career...very rewarding to have been appointment Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff...”; JOHN L. HALL, A.L.S. 1968, in part; “...You have posed a difficult question. You made me try to recall experiences in French Morocco, in the Mediterranean at...Salerno, in the assault on the Omaha Beaches in Normandy, and later in the Pacific. However, I do not believe any of these stand out from the others. Perhaps I might say my most memorable experience came at the end of World War II, when, after commanding the U.S. Amphibious...I was assigned to relieve Admiral Richard Kelly Turner...”; and LAWSON P. RAMAGE, A.L.S> 1968, in part: “...To mention but a few...as a participating witness to the attack on Pearl Harbor; 3. Observed at final major surface battle between USA & Japanese forces off Guadalcanal...” and more. Very good condition, four pieces. $200 - 300

138. ARCHIVE AND MEDALS OF WEHRMACHT LT. HERBERT VEIGEL, 4TH INFANTRY DIVISION An excellent group of items once belonging to Lt. Herbert Viegel who served with the 4th Infantry Division of the Wehrmacht, was twice wounded and awarded the Iron Cross, First Class. Included in the lot is: a non-descript 3 1/4” x 4 1/2” brown cloth-covered notebook bearing a few dated notes within, being notable for having been clearly penetrated by a bullet at one corner, piercing the book at an oblique angle; two-part dog tag; NSDAP Party membership book; Deutsche Arbeitsfront book showing contributions until December, 1938; Veigel’s pin-back Iron Cross, First Class, arms slightly bent and with some surface wear, late war Infantry Assault Badge marked “FZS”, and black Wound Badge; a handmade faux alligator skin leather pocket wallet lined with SS camouflage fabric; a black leather map or drawing case, 7 1/2” x 11”, possibly post-war, with modern pencils and a field dressing within, and three photo albums. One of the albums has been professionally made and lettered. Generally, all of the photos show the Viegel during the occupation of France. Included are scenes of target shooting, marching across rural France, German columns marching through the streets of Paris and other French cities, French being loaded into a freight car, German soldiers’ cemeteries and burials, and German Atlantic coastal pillboxes. Overall very good condition. The German 4th Infantry Division was one of the first divisions raised and to serve during World War II. It took part in the invasion of Poland in 1939 and in the invasion of France in 1940. Later that year it was converted into the 14th Panzer Division which was completely destroyed at Stalingrad. $1,000 - 1,200

133. WORLD WAR II COMMANDERS A group of seven pieces by notable military leaders in various formats (noted), includes: MATTHEW RIDGWAY (signature on embossed autograph card); JAMES FIFE (A.L.S. 1968, in part: “...the most memorable occasion in my life was in Guam 1943...when I was in a B-24 of the Fifth Air Force & was suddenly surrounded by 12 Japanese Zeros. None of us thought we would come out of that one...); MARK W. CLARK (signature on a FDC from French Guiana, cancelled Nov. 7, 1941); J. LAWTON COLLINS (signature on a card); ISAAC DAVIS WHITE (T.L.S. 1968, in part: “...probably the greatest thrill I had was when I was informed that I was to be Commanding General of the 2d Armored Division during the Battle of the Bulge”), and JAMES H. DOOLITTLE, two 8” x 10” b/w S.Ps. being repros of vintage image, each signed with an old age signature. Very good. $200 - 300

134. WORLD WAR II GENERALS A large group of over 20 signatures of World War II generals, in various formats but mostly signed cards and letters, includes: H. A. GREENE, HANS C. ADAMSON, ROBERT E. RICHARDSON, PATRICK J. HURLEY, GEOFFREY KEYES (2), JOHN H. CRICHTON, CHARLES PELOT SUMMERALL, FRANCIS V. GREENE, PEYTON C. MARCH, WILLIAM H. BISBEE, ENNIS C. WHITEHEAD, THOMAS T. HANDY, WALTER KRUEGER, and many more not identified by us. Condition varies but overall good to very good.$200 300

135. WORLD WAR II MEDAL OF HONOR WINNERS A FDC honoring Dr. Mary Walker, the only woman to have been awarded the Medal of Honor, canceled Oswego, NY, June 10, 1982, boldly signed by seven other winners including: ROERT H. DUNLAP, CARLOS C. OGDEN, JOSEPH LOPEZ, DONALD E. RUDOLPH, R. M . MCCOOL, JAMES R. HENDRICK and LUCIAN ADAMS. Very good condition. $150 - 200

Live Auction - Part I - Wednesday, January 30, 2013

139. “DER PANZERBAER” - THE LAST PROPAGANDA NEWSPAPER PUBLISHED IN BERLIN BEFORE THE SURRENDER Very rare newspaper, “Der Panzerbaer”, 4pp. large 4to., Berlin, Apr. 29, 1945. The paper only appeared seven times altogether between 23 and 29 April 1945. Its logo was a bear, referring to the coat of

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143. BATTLE OF OKINAWA LETTER AND PHOTOS A fine content and very well-written A.L.S. of Alim F. Buttus of Batallion III Amphibious Corps, stationed in Japan, 4pp. 4to., June 21, 1945, to his friend stateside, relaying his experiences. In part: “...Here I am, the missing link, up to my ears in the battle of Okinawa...A lot of water has gone under the bridge, and a lot of lead over my head since the last news...I’m still in reasonably good shape for the shape I’m in. I sure used to wish for this overseas detail and I finally got it and have been over almost a year now with the prospect of a couple more operations...We had a short run-in with a few Nips the other day which was rather exciting. We met a patrol of five men who had just seen a Jap sneak into the ruins of a house, so we thought we’d...stick around and watch the boys flush him out...One of the boys flipped a grenade over the stone wall around the building and this was the cue for all hell to break loose for the one man seen was going in had about twelve buddies and all were well-armed. We were pinned down for a while for they used grenades and small arms fire pretty liberally, but we made a break shortly and when the smoke finally cleared we had a couple of slightly wounded men on our side, and a perfect score on the other side, a baker’s dozen of good Nips...After a time you get used to the sight and sound of death but even the most hardened stomach turns at the smell of it...The worst fear of all is felt when you are roused and of a half sleep by the scream of an air raid siren and huddle in a fox-hole listening to the engines purring directly overhead...which is the prelude to a searing explosion which scatters burning bits of shrapnel for hundreds of yards...Such is life, so when some shiny eyed young school boy comes and tells you about the glamour and glory of the Marines, give him the ‘scoop.’...We managed to clean up for a brief time and had a group picture [copies included]...We should be about ready to close up shop and go to our rehabilitation area by the time you receive this letter...I would like to have fifteen copies [of the photos]...”. Accompanied by five small images of the remains of Japanese temple [?] and seven 8” x 10” sepia images of the group shot Buttus mentions. Also included is an 8” x 10” sepia bust shot of Buttus, looking every bit the “shiny eyed school boy” he once was. Very good condition. $150 - 200

arms of Berlin, holding a Panzerfaust anti-tank weapon. It reported on and provided Nazi propaganda regarding the fight for the city against the Soviet Red Army. This issue, published the day before Adolf Hitler would commit suicide, bears a headline reading: “Heroic Wrestling by Day and Night New Defensive Forces Are Being Introduced”. The text describes the fighting for the inner city of Berlin, the advance by the Americans from the Elbe, and intense Soviet pressure. The bad news is offered in as an upbeat manner as possible, yet still dwells on the “chains” of Versailles and claims that Britain and the U.S. were always ready to sell-out smaller nations to Stalin. Also: “...We have nothing to lose any more, we have lost everything...if we capitulate, we give up our future, our children, our wives...Where the Fuhrer is, there is the victory...where is the enemy, where is the friend - nobody knows...Ivan is coming from the north...Stalin wants Berlin, nothing else counts...Berlin, don’t let Ivan in...”. Two photos appear, showing a young boy with a panzerfaust and women handing food out to soldiers. Toned with fold splits, no loss, still very good and undoubtedly not a reprint. Possibly the rarest of all war era papers and it is simply incomprehensible to understand how it could have been published under non-stop artillery bombardment and infantry attacks throughout the city. $150 - 200 140. A WOMAN JOINS THE WAFFEN-SS A rare pair of personnel documents surrounding the employment of a Elisabeth Dieprecht by the Waffen-SS, each 1p. oblong 8vo., Homburg, ca. May 5, 1942. Dieprecht, who looks and dresses as if she deserves the position, has submitted her photograph, fingerprints, personal information and experience which included involvement with the Hitler Youth. After approval by the Homburg home office and a local kreisleiter, she is finally received a position with the 12th SSPanzer “Hitler Jugend”, likely as a clerk or stenographer. Very good. $150 - 200

141. AMPHIBIOUS FORCE ENSIGN DESCRIBES VJ DAY, WITH RARE POSTAL COVER An A.L.S. written by Ensign Robert E. Pierce aboard the USS Medea in the Pacific Theatre with a rare VJ postal cover from the Third Amphibious Force, 6pp. 8vo., cancelled Sept. 2, 1945. Pierce writes to friends in Hadley, Mass., in part: “...I never dreamed I’d be in Tokyo on THE day. But I was....It was really a terribly thrilling experience. There were perhaps thirty transports and cargo ships stretched out in a long column some nine or ten miles long weaving their way thru a swept channel in the minefield that black the harbor. Overhead wave after wave of B29s and fighter planes passed in formation. On the Missouri itself we could see everyone standing at attention...We had no sooner put the anchor down when we lowered all our boats and within a matter of minutes the entire harbor was swarming with perhaps 500 small boats all dashing toward the beach with troops of occupation...Much of the waterfront section has been utterly destroyed or gutted by allied fire bombs. But the allies seem to have been pretty careful about their targets for what sections of the city we could see destroyed all entirely all were factories or shipyards...I don’t know whether or not you know I was at Okinawa. We rate a battle star for it although we don’t deserve it. We ran into very little action. We did have the job of laying smoke screens with our small boats...The first night we were out, suicide planes passed overhead and one of them dropped some bombs on an LST anchored about a half mile away. But the bombs missed the LST and hit another smoke boat instead, blowing it to kingdom come...” and more. Very good condition. $200 - 300

144. FRENCH SS RECRUITING PAMPHLET Rare recruiting pamphlet printed by the SS in order to attract French volunteers of German descent into their ranks, 4pp. 8vo. on heavy stock, Douai, France, [n.d.], with a quarter of the last page being a tear-off postcard meant to be mailed back to a recruitment office. Douai at the time was a city of 37,000 in northeast France, about 15 miles south of Lille. The cover bears a sword with large lettering: “THE SS CALLS YOU”. Text within reads, in part: “...Ethnic German comrade! Since you have regretted your emigration from Germany for many years, you have reached your goals...You are again part of the great German Community...Germany, however, is in a bitter struggle for its freedom which the Bolshevik sub-humans are trying to wrest from her just like the Jewish capitalists...the Fuhrer has broken the yoke of capitalism...they have started the war...after the war...you may become a landed farmer in the east...” The back cover reads: “The Fuhrer has called us WE OBEY!!”. With translation, fine. It was not until July 1943 that full nationwide SS recruitment began in France. Volunteers were required to be “free of Jewish blood”, physically fit, and between the ages of 20-25. $200 - 300 145. PANZER OFFICER’S SOLDBUCH Panzer soldier’s military identification book, issued to private Kurt Kruger whose photo is stapled and tied with an ink seal to the inside front cover. The book is 24pp. small, 8vo., and was issued to Kruger on Aug. 25, 1943 at Stahnsdorf. Kruger initially served with the Stamm Co. Tank Reconnaissance Reserve and Training Dept. 4, later was transferred to infantry and finally was transferred to “Pz. A. E. and A. A. 6” at Iserlohn. The book also includes weapons, clothing and equipment issued, inoculations, hospital stamps, pay grade stamps, and entries for three furloughs. Also present is a pass, 1p. 8vo., Zagan, Poland, Sep. 25, 1935, issued by the Polish Military Command indicating that prisoner of war Kurt Kruger is permitted to return to his place of residence, Berlin. A Russian document, 1p. 16mo., Sep. 25, 1945, untranslated, is also included and presumably also permits Kruger to (luckily) return home. Three pieces. $400 - 500

142. ARCHIVE OF LETTERS FROM A GERMAN IN SERVICE AT PRISON CAMP STALAG IIC Lot of letters from Schutze (private) Heinrich Lederer, a German soldier serving at Stalag IIC Greifswald, Germany. Present are six A.L.S.’s, 11pp. 4to., Stalag IIC, 1941, all bear the camp’s rubber-stamped letterhead. The soldier writes to his family in 1941, describing his receipt of packages, sending his family gifts, a mention of receiving the huge sum of 1,600 marks, etc. With envelopes with feldpost stamps. Together with a letter sent to Lederer from another soldier stationed near Kiev, 2pp. 8vo., mentioning the death of his wife, and a prisoner’s identification disc stamped “Stalag 2E Nr 33764”. . Overall very good. Stalag IIIC was in operation from June, 1940 until April, 1945. $200 - 300

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149. WORLD WAR II SAILOR’S LETTER FROM JAPAN An interesting group of items, the first a partial A.L.S. penned on the verso of a Japanese form of some sort, 1p. 4to., [n.p., n.d.], in part: “...Geisha girls cost two hundred yen for life, a girl and a house can be bought for several years for a small amount and a privilege to resell the girl anytime one chooses, quite a place, a fellow with very little money is a rich man here. They won’t let any of the swabbies come ashore...There is a lot of talk here about points and where we will leave here but not a thing definite....I feel we have done our share...I guess you think all I do is bitch honey but I hope you’ll understand...”. Along with a few diary entries penned on two separate small envelopes, in part: “...May 15th Friday Captain speech said there was not much change at present situation. We lost three planes...May 22...the Charleston was attacked by Jap. torpedo planes so far they say there were six of them damage was not reported...” and more similar content. Finally, the lot includes five small period copies of patriotic holiday postal covers showing Japanese soldiers being picked up by an American eagle, carried in a sailor’s bag, and so forth. Light wear, very good. $150 - 200

146. SOLDIER’S LETTER FROM TOKYO BAY, 1944 An A.L.S. of W. M. Borwassa, 11th Div. USS Missouri, 4pp. 4to., Tokyo Bay, Sept. 6, 1945, to his parents in Michigan. Spelling not corrected, he writes in part: “...Well I am back on my ship agin it sure seems good to be back. I also broght a few souiviners back inclouding a Japs, rifle, watch, helmet, gas mask, bill fold, & money, pass ports, glasses, scarf & Flag. Also a few other smaller items I picked up...Our ship won quite a lot of fame out here for having a green crew & so good in Battles, we got hit by 2 suicide planes...My Gun I am in charge of is on the Stern of the ship on the right handside Quad 19 well a Jap plane on April 1 just missed crashing us...on April 17 another Jap plane crashed in front of my gun with a 500 lb. bomb it knocked me & a few other down & covered us with smoke & oil & water....while we were talking I seen 3 planes diving out of the sun one came at us & I fired at it & it caught on fire so then the whole ship started to fire & it blew it up...I would write on those air raids all day...we used to stay beween the Ruykus or Japan & Okinawa to stop the air raid from getting our troops on shore. We used to have on the average of six to eight air raids a day...We made at least 20 raids on Tokyo its self...Did you hear that we are the Flag Ship of all the United States Navy & that we have Admiral Nimitz aboard the highest officer in the navy...We are going to Manila tomorrow & Guam & I guess all these other islands...I guess I get two metls for volenteering for the Occupational Force on Japan & Expeditionary...”. With the original envelope stamped Tokyo Bay First Landing and censor stamp, very good condition. $100 - 150

150. WORLD WAR II SOLDIER’S LETTER Interesting A.L.S. of one Capt. Harrel P. Hesterly of Company E, 28th Infty., May 20, 1945, to his cousins in Prescott, AR, in part: “...Today is Sunday...It is a bit cool here for I am probably 30 miles from the Baltic Sea. I am sixteen miles from Schwerin, Germany...For the last week or so I have had a camp for Displaced Persons, persons who feared war and especially the Russians. Many of them have been gone from their homes for many months. When our division made its drive up here we came in from the rear of this German Army so they were forced to surrender to either us or the Russian, so the Americans were chosen. For 72 hours two columns were bumper to bumper on all roads trying to give up to the Americans. For hours at a time columns of three of troops would march by to surrender to the Americans. Of course we took them all in, but with such a mass of troops we had a mass of problems. They had to be fed, and all supply lines were filled with traffic. They had to have water and a place to live. All of the German P.W.s were put in a field together, and the civilians were sent out to different companies. I was sent about 1800 persons from a concentration camp. I found a lot of tents, so I hauled them up here for the ‘homes’. I fed them 1000 lbs of potatoes and two horses per day. They liked the food at first, but now they are not so hungry. There is an ammunition depot in my area that contains several thousand bombs and a lot of V-1’s (buz bombs). At a distance the buz-bombs look like airplanes. There are also a lot of German planes there. I wish that we could use this German equipment against the Japs....”. With original envelope and a vintage war-era bust portrait of Hesterly. Very good. $100 - 150 151. WEHRMACHT ZELTBAHN (TENT QUARTER) Wehrmacht “zeltbahn”, a tent quarter or poncho in camouflage splinter pattern, with buttons, buttonholes and grommets, maker’s black ink stamp “J. C. Kunker & Co. Bremen 1941”. With matching black leather rucksack straps. Very good. The zeltbahn or tent quarter was a multi-purpose piece of German army regulation equipment that was issued to Wehrmacht soldiers. This piece of camouflaged material could be combined to make tents or shelters of various sizes as well as for camouflage, ponchos or stretchers. $100 - 150

147. WOMAN’S REICHSARBEITSDIENST FILE AND BADGE Lot of four items pertaining to the labor service of Else Frehsmann, an 18 year old girl undertaking service in the Reich Labor Service. Included is her criminal record certificate with photo showing her birth date, place, and other details, with no criminal charges recorded; a participation award from the Hitler Youth career competition in the category of housemaid; her Reichs Labor Service pass showing her as having been inducted on July 2, 1938, discharged Dec. 31, 1938, with attached photo showing her wearing a R.A.D. badge, which is also present in the lot. Four pieces, very good to fine. $200 - 300

All lots illustrated online

148. WORLD WAR II CHINESE RECONSTRUCTION BONDS A collection of five bond certificates including $5 and $10 Liberty Bonds as well as three bonds for “THE 29TH YEAR RECONSTRUCTION OLD LOAN OF THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA (1940)” (one $5 and two $10 certificates). Most are in very good condition overall with some redemption cupons removed on some, one example bears some losses at margins and corners that should be viewed. Together, five pieces. $150 - 200

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World War II: The Holocaust 152. BEER STEIN OWNED BY SS GUARDS AT FLOSSENBURG CONCENTRATION CAMP A frightening reminder of SS-Totenkopf concentration camp guards’ total inhumanity, a massive beer stein communally owned by concentration camp guards at Flossenburg, inscribed with a curse upon their Jewish victims. The pewter stein stands 9 3/4” tall and is 5” wide, with a lid which tilts back towards the handle. The stein bears the original owner’s name engraved upon the top with the date “1828”. The stein was thereafter acquired by the guards at Flossenburg who engraved the following in German about the upper lip: “Our Ancestors’ Bloodline is Germany’s Greatest Treasure!” adding beneath: “Squad Property - 2./SS-Totenkopf-Sturmbann Flossenburg”. At the front of the mug is a 2 1/2” dia. circle containing an image of a skull and crossbones with SS runes beneath. At bottom, the guards vindictively added in perverse rhyme: “Flames blazing and bright show the Jew mob Hell’s fire!”. The knob upon the top lid is slightly knocked askance, else very good. Three companies of SS guards were stationed at Flossenburg, located in Bavaria. Flossenburg held every type of prisoner, from Jews to Soviet P.O.W.s and homosexuals, and became a training center for woman guards. By the middle of the war, it had over one hundred sub-camps. Death rates climbed from starvation, sickness and executions, with total deaths reaching 30,000 by war’s end. Forty-six staff members were tried for their crimes - all but five were found guilty, and fifteen were executed. $5,000 - 6,000

“If we want to be healthy and strong again, there is only one cure: their extermination...”

153. JULIUS STREICHER’S ANTI-SEMITIC CHILDREN’S BOOK “THE POODLE-PUG-DACHSHUND-PINSCHER” The excessively rare third of Julius Streicher’s notoriously anti-Semitic children’s books, The Poodle-Pug-Dachshund-Pinscher, written by Ernst Hiemer, Streicher’s Chief Editor at Der Sturmer” who also wrote the text for Der Giftpilz. This hardbound volume, published by Der Sturmer’s publishing house in Nuremberg, 1940, is 96pp. 8vo. and bears an imaginary mongrel dog on the cover with line drawings of various other rather disagreeable creatures. The illustrated text compares Jews to unpleasant forms of animal life: drone bees, hyenas, chameleons, coo-coos, locusts, bedbugs, starlings, mongrel dogs, poisonous snakes, tapeworms, and bacteria. The title comes from one of the stories, which focuses on a mongrel dog. Three of the stories end with outright calls to exterminate the Jews. Sample text: “...There are various kinds of poisonous snakes. There are poisonous snakes in the most varied countries in the world. The same is true of the Jews. There are little and big ones, fat and thin ones, black-haired and even blond ones...Just as the snake’s bite poisons the blood of its victims, the Jews poison the blood of their host peoples...Just as the danger of poisonous snakes is eliminated only when one has completely eradicated poisonous snakes, the Jewish question will only be solved when Jewry is destroyed...The doctor advised Mrs. Müller to end her son’s treatment only when she saw the tapeworm’s head. It means nothing if segments of the worm are shed, for they can grow back. It takes a radical cure, continued until the worm is entirely dead...Tapeworms and the Jew are parasites of the worst kind. If we want to free ourselves of them, if we want to be healthy and strong again, there is only one cure: their extermination...It is much the same with the Jew, Many peoples have taken effective measures against the Jewish bacterium. They have passed laws against the Jew! They have driven the Jew from the center of public life! They have forced the Jew to live in special areas (ghettos)! But no people has yet succeeded in fully getting rid of the Jew...We today who are building a new Germany and a new Europe under Adolf Hitler’s leadership will not carry out the final and decisive reckoning with Jewry! No! The final and decisive reckoning with Jewry is reserved for our children and their children...”. These texts were so offensive even Nazialigned critics responded negatively to their release. Post-war, the Allies issued orders that such material be burned - this copy escaped intact as evidence. $3,000 - 5,000

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154. COSSACK ANTI-SEMITIC, ANTI-SOVIET PROPAGANDA POSTER Rare war-date propaganda poster aimed at the separatist sentiments of Ukrainian cossacks, 25 1/4” x 33 3/4”, marked at bottom: “W.Z. 96125 (D. ofs.) 1943)”. The poster depicts a cossack standing upright dressed in a red shirt, blue pants and tall black boots, holding in each hand a green-complexioned caricature of an orthodox Jew and a grimacing commissar. At bottom the reader is exhorted: “COSSACKS, NOW IS THE TIME TO SAVE YOUR FAMILY AND COUNTRY! TIME TO TOSS OFF THE YOKE WHICH WE HAVE UPON US!”. Light horizontal fold, light toning and a very light stain at bottom, else very good. $1,500 - 2,000

155. “THE ENEMY BEHIND THE MASK” German propaganda poster aimed at the Russian population, an anti-Semitic image of a well-dressed man with a bowler hat adorned with a Star of David who removes his mask to reveal a scowling, razor-toothed ghoul. The caption at top and bottom boldly proclaims: “THE ENEMY BEHIND THE MASK!”. Light horizontal fold, else very good. $1,500 - 2,000 156. JULIUS STREICHER’S ANTI-SEMITIC COLORING BOOK An extremely scarce example of Nazi propaganda aimed at propelling children to embrace antiSemitism, Julius Streicher’s “Juden stellen sich vor” [“Jews Introduce Themselves”], a 6” x 9” b/w coloring book published by Streicher in 1934. It contains within 25 cartoon caricatures of Jewish men by the noted cartoonist Philipp Rupprecht whose pen name was “Fips”. Each portrait enjoys its own page within this encyclopedia of stereotypes. The men - who invariably have large noses, big lips and hirsute limbs - include a ragged street vendor, tailor in a yarmulke, a slovenly artist, a portly, well-dressed banker, a screaming politician, a dapper lawyer holding a sign reading “Contract” and perhaps most disturbingly, a lurid portrait of a naked man dubbed “the naked truth”! The book opens with a forward by Streicher and applauds Fips’ commitment to “the battle against the Jews”. None of the portraits have been colored and condition overall is very good, with just light wear to cover and a few rusted spots along spine. Slight vertical bend, rear cover a bit soiled, else very good. $800 - 1,200 157. “THE JEWISH MESSIAH’S THOUGHT” - A DEFENSE OF THE PROTOCOLS OF THE ELDERS OF ZION Rare book The Jewish Messiah’s Thought, by Ulrich Fleischhauer. (Erfurt: U. Bodung Verlag), 1935. 416pp. large 8vo. paper boards. Ulrich Fleischhauer (1876-1960) was a leading antisemitic publisher of books and news articles reporting on a Judeo-Masonic conspiracy theory and “nefarious plots” by clandestine Jewish interests to dominate the world. Fleischhauer’s influence grew in 1934-1935 following his participation in Switzerland as a key defense organizer at the Berne Trial of distributors of the book The Protocols of the Elders of Zion. This book is Fleischauer’s printed defense of the validity of the Protocols using the same ersatz claims used for over one hundred years. The dust jacket of the book is especially vile: it depicts a vulture’s body with a caricature of a birdbeaked yarmulke-wearing Jew, blood dripping from his mouth, with a red Star of David over his head. A cathedral and orthodox church burn in the background. A few chips to the dust jacket, largely to the spine, else very good. $750 - 1,000

158. “THE JEWISH WORLD PLAGUE” One of the most notorious of Germany’s anti-semitic posters, a 24” x 33 1/2” image of a swastika-topped dagger deeply stabbing a green snake which has encircled the globe. Blood-red lettering at top reads: “The Jewish World Plague”. Horizontal fold, else near fine condition, simply framed. $1,000 - 1,500

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159. “DER STURMER” ANTI-SEMITIC POSTER Anti-Semitic poster issued by Julius Streicher’s propaganda newspaper, “Der Sturmer”, 9” x 12 1/2”, Nuremberg, [n.d.]. The broadside advertises the paper and bears a caricature of a Jew labeled “Farm animal Jew” by Phillip Rupprecht (“Fips”) with the caption: “Do you know him?...He took everything...Great are the number who even today are being cheated by him...You have to know him, the Jew in general, so you understand what the race question means...Let Der Sturmer educate you...The Jews are our misfortune...”. Fine. $250 - 350

particularly in cities, their vocations, particularly their involvement in industry, law and medicine, their political involvement as “apostles of communism”, and so on. There appear the usual caricatures of Jews, with the final photo showing Jews celebrating Rosh Hashanah in 1933 with “no restrictions”. What is especially interesting is the writer’s indignation over the following facts he had illustrated: In Berlin, 70% of the doctors were Jews; 40% of the top health administrators were Jews; 68% of the welfare doctors were Jews; 54% of the lawyers were Jews; 59% of trade and commerce leaders in Prussia were Jews…etc. The anger seemed to rise from the fact that not enough Jews participated in farming and manual labor… $200 - 300

160. “DER STURMER” ANTI-SEMITIC POSTER Anti-Semitic poster issued by Julius Streicher’s propaganda newspaper, “Der Sturmer”, 9” x 12 1/2”, Nuremberg, [n.d.]. The broadside advertises the paper and bears a depiction of a stern S.A. soldier, an eagle clutching a snake which bears Stars of David, and marching troops with Nazi banners beneath. The text reads, in part: “... The S.A. and Der Sturmer march and fight together...Our goal is what the Fuhrer wants...Free us from the Jew and his servants...Der Sturmer...gives you the necessary education to fight shoulder to shoulder with our Fuhrer against the Jew...Read Der Sturmer every week...Without a solution to the Jewish question, there will be no saving of humanity...”. Fine. $200 - 300

165. “ISRAEL’S RITUAL KILLINGS OF THE PEOPLE” NSDAP-sponsored “blood libel” anti-Semitic publication, Israels Ritualmord an den Voelkern, by Dr. Wilhelm Matthiessen (Munich: Ludendorffs Verlag), 80pp. 8vo., paper boards. The cover bears an image of Abraham moments after the life of his son Isaac had been spared. The text describes the ongoing “plot” by Jews to not only sacrifice Christians in their religious rituals, but to systematically plan their extermination. The author uses Biblical citations to support his allegations. Some light wear to covers, else very good. $200 - 300

161. “THE FATHER - THE COMMANDER” Anti-Semitic, anti-Marxist German propaganda poster, 22 1/2” x 33 3/4”, pictures a large crimson Star of David at center with a portrait of Jewish Marxist Karl Radel within, surrounded by portraits of other Soviet and German “agitators”. At bottom appears the legend: “The Father - the commander”. One horizontal fold, else very good, simply framed. KARL RADEK (1885-1939) was a Marxist active in the Polish and German social democratic movements before World War I and an international Communist leader after the Russian Revolution. He founded the German Communist Party and sought to pull workers’ support away from the Nazis to the left. $200 - 300

166. “ISRAEL’S SECRET PLAN FOR THE PEOPLE’S DESTRUCTION UNKNOWN SECRETS OF THE BIBLE” NSDAP-sponsored religious text, Israel’s Secret Plan for the People’s Destruction - Unknown Secrets of the Bible, by Dr. Wilhelm Matthiessen (Munich: Ludendorffs Verlag), 1939. 112pp. 8vo. with cover illustration of what the author felt an early Jew would have resembled. An anti-church, anti-Semitic tract citing Biblical verse to support warped theories of Jewish world domination, etc. Heavily marked-up by a previous “believer”, else very good. $200 - 300 167. “JEWISH MINIATURES” Collection of hundreds of jokes which would today be considered anti-Semitic , collected in the book Jewish Miniatures, by Paul Nikolaus, (Leipzig: Paul Steegemann), 1924. 176pp. 8vo, illustrated. The joke book, one of a series that included jokes about northern Germans, Rhinelanders, Saxons, etc. contains nothing threatening or grossly insulting but are rather corny and harmless. Nevertheless, the illustrations are typical of those later used to insult and denigrate Jews. In the afterword, the author comments that after the first edition was published, he was accused of being anti-Semitic, but essentially claims that he was an “equal opportunity” jokester, writing the same type of jokes about Swedes, other Germans, and so on. Interesting. $100 - 150

162. “DER UNTERMENSCH” A disturbing and quite rare publication entitled Der Untermensch (The Sub-Human), (Berlin: Norland Verlag, [1942]) un-paginated, [52pp.] folio, titled paper wraps. The introduction opens with a quote from Himmler and explains that certain populations are so biologically inferior to even average humans that they are virtually incapable of understanding how different they are from the remainder of humanity. According to this publication, Der Untermensch knows nothing of culture, the plow, factory machinery or even something as basic as a house. The publication is copiously illustrated with contrasting photographs of Germans in idyllic, pastoral scenes contrasted with the worst poverty Eastern Europe had to offer and of course includes the obligatory passages accusing Jews of running the world. It ends with a stern warning of what would happen if these ‘sub-humans’ were allowed to breed: doom for Germany. Extant editions of this piece are quite rare as these virulently antiSemitic publications were targeted for destruction by Allied denazifiction teams after the war. Spine very lightly worn, else very good. $400 - 600

168. “JUDENKINDER” Early anti-semitic publication Judenkinder (“Jewish Children”), by “Melschin” (pseudonym of Petr Lakubovich), (Leipzig: Wiener Verlag), 1905. 114pp. 12mo., paper board. Translated from the Russian, a novel of Jews persecuted in pre-revolution Russia. Covers are chipped, else very good. $75 - 100

169. “THE FOOLS OF KAGANOVICH” Anti-Semitic anti-Russian novel Die Narren des Kaganowitsch (“The Fools of Kaganovich”) by Karl Miedbrodt, (Munich: Franz Eher Verlag) 1942. 416pp. 8vo. The novel concerns alleged nefarious actions of Jews in Russia, supported by excerpts from the Talmud and also points out the influence of the Jews surrounding Russian dictator Josef Stalin. With the expected insulting caricature of a Jew on the cover. Covers a bit worn, else very good. $200 - 300

163. “DER STURMER” Two issues of Julius Streicher’s vitriolic antiSemitic newspaper, “Der Sturmer”, Nuremberg, May, 1937 and May, 1939, 12pp. and 20pp. respectively. The 1937 issue features an article labeling Jews as “malicious global newspaper agitators” and illustrated with photos of various Jewish editors and bearing multiple insulting cartoons. The 1939 issue is far more disgusting, focusing on the long-alleged sacrifice of Christian children by Jews. The article is replete with multiple images, including copies of gruesome medieval engravings and the “proof” which Streicher was able to conjure-up. Some splits due to age, still entirely intact and generally very good. $200 - 300

170. “THE GREAT WORLD UPHEAVAL IN MYTH AND HISTORY” German propaganda publication, “The Great World Upheaval in Myth and History” by Walter Gross (Dusseldorf: Verlag Deutsche Revolution), 1936. 166pp. 8vo., illustrated. The author purports to set forth the Jews’ secret plan for “world domination”, their intention to enslave non-Jews, etc. useing Biblical citations and twisting history to support his allegations. With illustrations including a menorah above a Bible and a rabbi bearing the arms of an octopus which encircle the earth. Very good. Gross was a Nazi Party member since 1925 and from 1934 led the the Rassenpolitisches Amt der NSDAP (Racial Political Office of the Nazi Party). His radical publications on the “Solution of the Jewish Question” and his call for a Europe free of Jews had great influence on other like-thinking radicals in the Nazi Party. He would commit suicide at war’s end. $300 - 400

164. “GERMANY’S FIGHT FOR WESTERN CIVILIZATION” Extraordinary anti-Semitic english language propaganda magazine produced in Germany for foreign consumption, (Berlin: Buchdruckwerkstatte GmbH), ca. 1936, 36pp. 4to., illustrated. This issue attempts to present the Nazi rationale for the persecution of Jews using political and labor statistics, much toned-down when compared to the vitriolic attacks made by “Der Sturmer” and other “attack” publications. The cover bears an image of “half breed lawyer Karl Liebnecht…inciting Bolshevism” as Hitler looks down from a glowing swastika. Within, chapters examine the growth of the Jewish population in Germany,

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177. TICKET TO ATTEND A GÖRING SPEECH: “JEWS NOT ALLOWED” Printed ticket, 4” x 3”, bears a swastika in one corner and admits the bearer to a speech to be given by Hermann Göring at Augsburg on Oct. 6 [n.y.] with the printed (obvious) advice at bottom: “Jews’ entry not allowed”. Torn indicating it was used. $100 - 150

171. “THE JEWISH QUESTION IN THE CLASSROOM” Rare anti-Semitic teaching aid puiblished by Julius Streicher’s “Der Sturmer” publishing house, Die Judenfrage im Unterricht (“The Jewish Question in the Classroom”), by Fritz Fink, (Nuremberg: Der Sturmer Verlag). 1937, 48pp. 8vo., illustrated. The text is a teaching aid intended to instruct teachers upon how to introduce the Nazis’ race theories into the classroom. It stresses the usual claptrap: children have a natural instinct to avoid foreign races, Jews are not native to Germany, Jewry is a criminal enterprise, and it uses side-by-side comparative photos to illustrate the “differences” between “Aryans” and Jews. The end of the text sets forth anti-semitic quotes from Jesus, on. Very good. Fritz Fink (1893-1945) was not really known for his propaganda, and was likely commissioned to undertake this work. He had earned a degree in Protestant theology, wrote poetry and historical works, and was killed in fighting in the Kurland pocket. $500 - 600

178. NSDAP PROPAGANDA CARDS Group of 12 propaganda cards published by the NSDAP, each 4” x 3” and concerning anti-Allies and anti-Semitic topics. Examples include a card bearing a Star of David and warning: “Whoever wears this symbol is an enemy of our people!”, another also bearing a Star of David claiming that Jews are rewarded only through crime, claims against Jewish retailers, a quote by Göring praising Hitler, etc. Fine. $100 - 150

179. POISON GAS WARNING SIGN Cardboard warning sign, 11” x 6” ca. 1930-40, printed in black ink on heavy cardboard: “Halt! POISON GAS Trespassing life endangering!”. Ominous skull and crossbones are printed at left. Origin unknown. Good condition. $100 - 150

172. “U.S.A. BEHIND THE CURTAIN” Anti-American, anti-Semitic, anti-Black German propaganda booklet “U.S.A. Behind the Curtain” by Arnold Hammer, (Berlin: Verlag Scherl) 1942, approx. 100pp. 8vo. A heavily illustrated (190 photos), comparing Wilson (read: Versailles) with Roosevelt, showing class differences in America, unemployed in New York, American youth dancing to jazz music, Al Capone, different churches, blacks “mixing with whites”. Very insulting content, obviously aimed at the German lower classes. Some wear to covers, spine worn, else very good. $300 - 400

180. GERMAN ANTI-SEMITIC PIN Anti-Semitic pin, tin pin-back button, 1 1/4” diameter with silver finish, shows a “good” German holding a sword and a spade surrounded by rays of light, facing a Jew holding a whip and and engulfed in flames, a Star of David before him. The text reads: “The People’s Peace Or Jew Dictatorship”. Near fine.$200 - 300

181. FIFTY MILLION REICHSMARK ANTI-SEMITIC BANKNOTE Fifty million Reichsmark banknote, a copy of the 1923 (worthless) note of the same denomination reissued as a propaganda piece by the Nazis. The note bears the same printing as the original on the face, but verso bears the message: “The Jews took the Gold, Silver and Bacon and we were left with this Filth. Fellow citizens, how long do you want to be taken by the Gold Internationalists and be cheated? Come to Hitler and $75 - 100 become National Socialists”. Fine.

173. “WHEN YOU SEE THIS SIGN...” Chilling propaganda flyer, 4pp. large 4to., [n.p., n.d.] bearing on the cover the infamous yellow Star of David with “Jude” printed within, worn by Jews in Germany, with the bold exclamation above : “When you see this sign...”. Within, the text continues: Remember what the Jew did to our people...Now it is openly said for the first time what World Jewry wants: ‘Death to Germany’...Theodore Nathan Kaufman, President of the American Peace Union, Speaker for World Jewry, in his book publicly exclaimed ‘Germany must perish and disappear forever from the planet Earth...’...Judah has decided on the deaths of you and your children...The German Wehrmach will ensure that the terrible, gruesome plan of World Jewry which the Jew Kaufman pronounced to the world will never become a reality...Recognize the true enemy!...”. One horizontal bend, else very good. $400 - 500

182. GERMAN FIVE REICHSMARK “CONVERSION” NOTE Rare five Reichsmark “conversion note” issued to those who emigrated from Germany during the commencement of the wholesale persecution of the Jews. In essence, this was a promissory note given to those who surrendered German reichsmarks as it was forbidden to remove banknotes from the country - they were issued these notes which were presumably redeemable upon their return. Of course, in almost all cases the funds were never returned. These notes were issued to (mainly Jewish) refugees from Germany during 1933-35, and while they proved worthless, the cash they replaced helped fund Hitler’s war machine. Fine condition, no cancellation holes. $150 - 200

174. GERMAN ANTI-ROOSEVELT ANTI-JEWISH PUBLICATION Satirical German magazine Lustige Blatter (“Funny Pages”), 16pp. sm. folio, Berlin, July 3, 1942. Just in time for Fourth of July celebrations, the cover bears a caricature of President Franklin Roosevelt holding a menorah in one hand while standing upon an American flag with the caption beneath reading: “An American Bonehead”. Within are various other unflattering anti-American and anti-Allies cartoons and jokes: a large cartoon picturing a ragged, unshaven bum dancing with a near-naked woman as two thick-lipped black jazz men play in the background, another cartoon of a German flyer hitting Churchill on the head with the result of a bomb being expelled from the latters rear end, and various other propaganda pieces. Cover a bit brittle with a few small marginal chips, else very good. $150 - 200

183. LITZMANNSTADT GHETTO DIVORCE DOCUMENT An unusual partly-printed document, 1p. 12mo., Lizamannstadt, Nov. 27, 1943. It notes that: “The Elders of the Jewish Court in Litzmannstadt” require Frau Rechsauwalt [?] and her lawyer Mrs. R. Rumkowska in a divorce case appear in court on Nov. 28, 1943. The verso outlines the consequences for not showing up in person. Rusted staple holes at top left, wrinkled, very good. $150 - 200 184. THERESIENSTADT “EXCHANGE” BANKNOTES A complete set of seven pieces of currency, apparently uncirculated, from the notorious Theresienstadt concentration camp, in denominations ranging from one to one hundred kronen, each bearing a vignette of Moses holding the Ten Commandments, and a Star of David. When placed in Theresienstadt, the inmates were forced to exchange their currency for this camp money, theoretically redeemable for regular money, but in practice all such notes were of no value outside of the camp in which they were issued. Each bill is signed in facsimile by Jacob Edelstein, Judenrat leader of the Theresienstadt “fantasy” ghetto who was executed by the Nazis at Auschwitz in 1944. Very good. $100 - 150

175. GERMAN ANTI-SEMITIC PUBLICATION Lot of three German anti-Semitic publications, includes: “Hilf Mit!” (“Help Along!”), Nov., 1939, 32pp. 4to., published by the Nazi teacher’s organization, a student publication with cover illustration showing English Minister of War Hore-Belisha seated with a machine gun beneath a statue of a caricature of a Jew with bags of money; “Der Aufbau”, (“The Construction”), Mar. 2, 1939, 32pp. 4to., published by the D.A.F., the premiere article being: “Jews Are Being Aryanized” and showing a Jewish woman getting reconstructive surgery on her nose; and “Illustrierter Beobachter” (“Illustrated Observer”), Apr. 7, 1934, 40pp. large 4to., published by the NSDAP, featuring “The Black Market in Riga” and clearly showing Jews doing surreptitious business. Overall very good. $200 - 300

185. SACHSENHAUSEN PRISONER’S LETTER Prisoner’s letter from Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp on official letterhead printed with the rules for correspondence, 1p. 8vo., Nov. 2, 1941 sent by Polish prisoner Marian Lipiec to his sister. Lipiec complains that he has received no mail, citing the fact that incoming mail often takes two or more months to reach him. He asks if others are employed, adding: “I know that you are strong and wise enough to cope with everything in life....”. He also speculates on where their mother may go. Very good. $75 - 100

176. RESTAURANT BANS JEWS Scarce promotional postcard issued by the Bahnhof Hotel Koelnerhof, Frankfurt am Main, the image showing the fancy dining room of the hotel with a sign placed prominently on the column at center reading: “Juedischer Besuch verbeten” (“Jewish visitation unwelcome”), which is the politest manner in which the restaurant could convey the Nazi’s vile racial obligations. $75 - 100

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190. HOLOCAUST VICTIM PHOTOGRAPHS Group of 40 photographs of Holocaust victims, living and dead, including burned and starved prisoners, corpses in trenches, etc., a few images showing their liberators, all 3 1/4” x 4 1/2” b/w and bearing Russian backstamps. These images, second generation, were issued by the Russians just after the end of the war. Chilling. $200 - 300

186. BULGARIAN STAR OF DAVID BUTTON Scarce yellow bakelite six-pointed Star of David issued in Bulgaria and which Jews were obliged to wear on their clothing in lieu of the armbands found in most of the Nazi-occupied countries. The button, incised with black lines, bears squared end points and has two indented holes at center for sewing to a garment. Very good. $200 - 300

187. GERMAN “JUDE” CLOTH GARMENT BADGE Unused yellow cloth “Jude” patch obliged to be worn by Jews so as to be readily identified by government and military authorities. This example, ex: Israel, was hastily cut from a larger sheet printed with the same design which measures about 4 1/2” across. Fully consistent with legitimate examples. A number of stars of this exact type, issued in Germany, survived the war, presumably kept by those who survived or escaped. $300 - 400

191. PHOTOS OF PERSECUTION OF JEWS Group of eight second-generation photographs of Germans persecuting, mocking and executing their Jewish victims, all 3 1/4” x 4 1/2” b/w and bearing Russian backstamps. Images include laborers wearing Stars of David, a firing squad at work, Eastern European Jews being interrogated, etc. Very good. $200 - 300

192. (ANNE FRANK) Lot of four items related to Anne Frank, includes postal and first day covers signed by MIEP GIES, one of the Dutch citizens who hid Anne Frank, her family and four other Jews from the Nazis in an annex above Anne’s father’s business premises, HANNAH GOSLAR (b. 1928), a friend of Anne’s who attended the same school and then the Jewish Lyceum, signed in English and Hebrew; and JACQUELINE VAN MAARSEN (b. 1929), another friend of Anne’s. Her mother was able to remove the “J” from their family’s identity cards making it possible for them to flee the country. With EVA SCHLOSS (b. 1929), step-sister of Anne Frank who survived internment at Auschwitz, a signed paperback copy of her memoir Eva’s Story, 2011. Four pieces. $150 - 200

188. “JUDE” CLOTH STAR OF DAVID Scarce authentic “Jude” Star of David, 3 1/4” wide, 3 3/4” tall printed on yellow cloth, cut from a larger sheet of similar emblems. Unused. This emblem was, of course, required by law to be sewn to the clothing of German and Austrian Jews in order that they would be immediately recognizable by the public and civil and military authorities. $400 - 500 189. PERSECUTED JEWS Lot of eight original candid photographs of persecuted Jews, about 2 1/2” x 3” b/w, most from Eastern Europe. Images show various Jews one or two possibly wearing insignia, with one image showing a German motorcyclist with gorget. Of particular interest is a full-length image of a Jewish man rubbing his chin, hand labeled in German on verso: “Jud Suss Jewish riff raff”. Overall very good. $300 - 400

193. ORIGINAL HOLOCAUST ARTWORK Original charcoal and white paint depiction of the interior of a concentration camp barracks, 22 1/2” x 14 1/2” (sight), showing several figures in cramped conditions lying upon wooden bunks, a figure in the foreground seated and hunched-over, with several rats evident at lower-left. Unsigned. The image was done on thin cardboard with a matte white coating on the reverse which also bears an untranslated inscription in green ink, likely Hungarian. Set in a crude green frame “decoratively” covered in green cloth tape quite some time ago. Almost certainly a period piece, most likely done by a female ex-prisoner while at a DP camp. $600 - 800

194. ORIGINAL HOLOCAUST ARTWORK Original charcoal depiction of the interior of concentration camp barracks, 22 1/2” x 17” (sight), showing two women in a concentration camp barracks seated on straw bedding as they warm themselves before a crude stove made from an oil drum. Their laundry hangs on a line in the background. Unsigned. The image was done on thin cardboard with a matte white coating on the reverse which also bears an untranslated inscription in green ink, likely Hungarian. Set in a crude green frame “decoratively” covered in green cloth tape quite some time ago. Almost certainly a period piece, most likely done by a female ex-prisoner while at a DP camp. $600 - 800 195. ORIGINAL HOLOCAUST ARTWORK Original charcoal and white paint depiction of the interior of concentration camp barracks, 22 1/2” x 14 1/4” (sight), showing seven naked women in a concentration camp bathing chamber. One woman stands forelornly as a clothed man (a Kapo?) pours a bucket of water over her head and another man tends a large wash tub. A naked light bulb hangs from the ceiling. Signed with an illegible signature at bottom. The image was done on thin cardboard with a matte white coating on the reverse which also bears an untranslated inscription in green ink, likely Hungarian. Set in a crude green frame “decoratively” covered in green cloth tape quite some time ago. Almost certainly a period piece, most likely done by a woman ex-prisoner while at a DP camp. $600 - 800

196. ORIGINAL HOLOCAUST ARTWORK Original charcoal and white paint depiction of the interior of concentration camp barracks, 22 1/2” x 17 1/4” (sight), showing three women in a concentration camp barracks lying in a bunk head-to-feet, emaciated and near death. A shaft of light from the window illuminates their horrific condition. Signature illegible. The image was done on thin cardboard with a matte white coating on the reverse which also bears an untranslated inscription in green ink, likely Hungarian. Set in a crude green frame “decoratively” covered in green cloth tape quite some time ago. Almost certainly a period piece, most likely done by an ex-prisoner, probably a woman, while at a DP camp. $600 - 800

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World War II: Photography & Posters 202. PORTRAIT OF A U-BOAT MAN Excellent war-date charcoal and pastel portrait of a U-boat sailor, 15” x 19 1/4” (sight), a very well-executed rendering of the sailor, a torpedo man’s mate who had been awarded the Iron Cross which is visible pinned to his left breast, with a U-boat service pin attached just beneath. Signed by the artist, and dated in Paris, June 19, 1941 - the height of the “Happy Days” for the U-boat fleet. Matted in navy blue and set into an antique-style black wood frame. Fine. $200 - 300

197. JAPANESE PRESENTATION PHOTO ALBUM WITH PRINTED GERMAN CAPTIONS A most unusual photo album, certainly meant as a presentation piece, featuring within sixty 11 1/2” x 9” professional quality mounted photographs of Japanese militaryrelated photographs, with the facing page bearing equal-sized printed sheets with German titles and captions for each image. The images cover the Japanese involvement in World War II from the launching of aircraft during the strike on Pearl Harbor to the battle of the Coral Sea in May, 1942. The photographs are professional in quality and composition: eight images of the attack on Pearl Harbor, including a bogus image of the ARIZONA, attacks on the REPULSE and PRINCE OF WALES, the fall of Hong Kong, the Philippines and Singapore, the campaigns in Burma, Bali and New Britain, and much more. Photographs are in fine condition, a few of the captions may bear a few short tears. Set into a leather album with torn cover and replacement screw-type binding. Clearly not a commercially available item! $800 - 1,200

203. ADVERTISING POSTER FOR “MEIN KAMPF” Poster promoting the sale of Adolf Hitler’s manifesto “Mein Kampf” by its publishers, 12 1/2” x 20 1/2”, Munich, ca. 1927, pictures Hitler in brownshirt uniform at left and proclaiming: “ADOLF HITLER MEIN KAMPF The basic work of National Socialism...Understand Hitler from his book!”. Titles of various chapters from the two parts of Mein Kamp are listed, including “The Red Terror” and “The Jewish Question”. Fine. $75 - 100

204. AMERICAN V.E. DAY - ANTI-JAPAN PROPAGANDA POSTER U.S. Army Information Services poster, 23” x 17 1/2”, issued May 21, 1945 following the surrender of Germany. The poster proclaims: “VICTORY IN EUROPE” above a photo of a group of surrendered German prisons, but bears a warning: a large red arrow points to a map of Japan and “JAP-HELD AREAS” advising that there are 4,000,000 Japanese military men in arms, 1,000,000 “Manchurian and Chinese Puppets”, and a million more men in training, implying that much more was left to be done before the war could end. One indistinguishable horizontal fold, else very good. $100 - 150

205. ANTON MUSSERT N.S.B. DUTCH PROPAGANDA POSTER Scarce January, 1943 Dutch N.S.B. propaganda poster, 14 1/2” x 21” (sight) picturing Dutch National Socialist Movement (NSB) founder Anton Mussert at center in a black shirt, tie and tunic with party patch on his sleeve. The caption reads: “As the leader of the Dutch people I appeal to the benevolent part of the nation to no longer wait and continue to watch”. Very good. Only a month earlier, Hitler declared Mussert to be “Führer of the Dutch People”, albeit solely as an assistant to SeyssInquart. Here, he plainly seeks his people’s support for his policies, most likely for greater involvement and cooperation with Germany militarily. Matted and framed in gilt wood. Mussert was executed for treason at war’s end. $200 - 300

198. ADOLF HITLER PHOTOGRAPH ALBUM Superb photo album bearing over 40 period photo postcards of which all but two depict Adolf Hitler in a variety of poses, some casual, some in the most formal of settings. The images include many never before seen by us: Hitler at the French surrender, reviewing vessels of the Kriegsmarine, at the West Wall and in Poland greeting troops, with Mussolini at various functions and signings, and with the majority showing him warmly greeting young children. The postcards are all in very fine condition and unmounted. $300 - 400 199. (ADOLF HITLER) Fine lot of two original candid photos, each 2 1/2” x 3 1/2” b/w, the first showing Hitler full-length in civilian garb outside the Fuhrerbau in Munich as he is saluted be several civilians, the second an exterior view of the same building showing two guards with standards attached to the wall beside them. Very good. $100 - 150

200. GERMAN FLAK REGIMENT PHOTO ALBUM Fine photograph album kept by a member of Luftwaffe Flak Regiment 19, located at Cologne. Shown are images of the soldier’s commanding officers, the regiment on parade and in the field, several excellent images of batteries firing at airborne objects at night, encampments and training in the field, fraternizing with some not-so-attractive ladies, etc. The covers of the album, bearing a painted war flag and metal Luftwaffe eagle, are in excellent condition. Almost 100 images in all. $200 - 300

206. ANTON MUSSERT - N.S.B. DUTCH PROPAGANDA POSTER Scarce ca. January, 1943 Dutch N.S.B. propaganda poster, 14 1/2” x 21” (sight) picturing Dutch National Socialist Movement (NSB) founder Anton Mussert at center in a black shirt, tie and tunic with party patch on his sleeve. The caption reads:”Support, all good Netherlanders, Mussert in his difficult march NOW ‘I am Dutch in heart and soul, and whoever wants to destroy this country, will find me his greatest enemy’ Mussert 8-4-41”. Light folds, else very good, matted and nicely framed. Mussert was executed for treason at war’s end. $200 - 300

201. HITLER YOUTH PICTURE BOOK Jugend um Hitler (Youth Around Hitler) a softbound volume with 120 photos by noted Nazi photographer Heinrich Hoffman, published Berlin, 1930s. Replete with numerous images of angelic children, some in Hitler Youth uniforms, meeting Hitler, at rallies, seated in idyllic settings, and so forth. Water damage at bottom resulting in cockling throughout volume, otherwise very good condition. $100 - 150

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207. GERMAN SOLDIER’S PHOTO ALBUM World War II German soldier’s photo album bearing within about 115 candid photographs, most about 2” x 3”, documenting the man’s service which appears to have been in Germany. Typical non-combat images include machine gun training, shore batteries, cavalry training, a destroyed Belgian [?] town, group photos, etc. Overall fine. $150 - 200

he has served upon, as well as printed regulations; and an official S.A. Sports Badge in Bronze bound booklet issued to an 18 yearold. Four pcs. $100 - 150

214. 33 YEAR-OLD IS DRAFTED INTO THE VOLKSSTURM Partlyprinted D.S., 1p. oblong 8vo., Magdeburg, Oct. 26, 1944, official notice that a 33 year old man has been drafted into the Volkssturm. Instructions on the verso advise that he is to follow his leader’s instructions or face a court martial, and that his service is a priority. Very good. Thousands of retirees, veterans and even children were pressed into service in the Volkssturm and massacred by the Russians as they advanced through eastern Germany. $75 - 100

208. ORIGINAL HITLER PHOTO AND RESIDENCY PASS Two items from a German private, the first an original photo, 3 1/4” x 3 1/2” b/w of a Nazi Party rally, undoubtedly at Nuremburg, showing perhaps 100,000 people but in the foreground one sees Adolf Hitler in his car returning the salute of the crowd, with an SS man in the back seat, possibly Himmler. Also included is a permit for the private to reside in Paris, issued on Mar. 31, 1944, valid until Oct. 31, 1944, with curfew hours printed on verso. Both are fine. Paris would be liberated on Aug. 19, 1944, cutting short the private’s party time. $100 - 150

215. DUTCH NAZI PARTY (NSB) PROPAGANDA AND EPHEMERA Good lot of five pieces of Dutch Nazi Party (Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland - NSB) propaganda and ephemera. Includes: booklet The Betrayal of the N.S.B., by J. Hollander, Amsterdam, [n.d., ca. 1941],78pp. 8vo., paperback; booklet Invaders, by Max Blokzijl, [n.p., n.d.], 32pp. 8vo., apparently an antiBritish, anti-Soviet tract; booklet The Sources of Netherlands National-Socialism, (NSB - Hoofdkwartier: Utrecht), [n.d.]; 32pp. 8vo.; booklet The Fourteenth of December 1941 Decisive for Our People, published by the N.S.B., (Uitgave Nenasu: Utrecht), [n.d.], 46pp. 8vo., texts and photos of various Dutch N.S.B. leaders with Hitler and German Wehrmacht officers, honors the day Arthur Seyss-Inquart banned all parties except the NSB, and; newspaper Volk und Vaderland, 8pp. folio, Nov. 11, 1933, the official newspaper of the N.S.B. Overall very good. $200 - 300

209. SS PANZERGRENADIER DIVISION RIFLEMAN’S EXERCISES Printed documents, 6pp. total legal folio, Oct. 10 and 14, 1943, issued by the 1st and 10th SS Panzer Grenadiers, essentially a list of exercises for soldiers upon how to identify targets, gauge distances, perform reconnaissance, prepare camouflage, clear a field of fire, etc. Marginal chips and wear, else good. $75 - 100

210. VINTAGE PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR A set of 22 5” x4” b/w vintage images of Pearl Harbor, being period reproductions of incredible shots showing the bombing of the American ships, destroyed airplanes, the cloud, wreckage and aftermath, a sailor covered in oil, and so forth. Light wear, very good. $150 - 200

216. GERMAN AND GERMAN-RELATED PUBLICATIONS Lot of five publications printed in Germany during World War II, or related to Nazi Germany. Includes Berlin Rome Tokyo, Berlin, May, 1943, 32pp. sm. folio, a high-end magazine with articles on the Cossacks, Japanese women, etc.; Art in the Third Reich, July, 1939, Franz Eher, Munich, 46pp. sm. folio, the semi-official art magazine of the Nazi Party, many images of classic German works; Elegant Works, Berlin, Feb., 1943, story on Marianne Hoppe and her propaganda efforts; Joy and Work, Berlin, 1937, 130pp. sm. folio, featuring an article by Dr. Ley on social and political cooperation with Italy, Goebbels’ work at the Ministry of Propaganda, the Fliegerkorps, etc., much translated into several languages, and; Life magazine, overseas Armed Forces edition, Nov. 25, 1946 featuring a two page illustrated spread showing official photos of the executed Nuremberg defendants. Overall good to very good. $100 - 150

211. “ORGANIZATION BOOK OF THE NSDAP” The essential handbook of the OrganisaNSDAP, tionsbuch der NSDAP (“Organization Book of the NSDAP”), by Dr. Robert Ley, (Munich: Franz Eher Nachf.) 1937, third edition. 556pp. (stated) 8vo., red cloth covered boards, illustrated. This book, never offered for sale, was the official Nazi party guide published by Reichsorganisationsleiter der NSDAP, Dr. Robert Ley. It describes the structure and organizations of the NSDAP with eighty full color plates of tables, uniforms, awards, banners, etc. as well as many dozens of black and white illustrations. Every topis is covered, including the party’s history, symbols, administration, racial theories, etc. Cover split at edges of spine, contents are very good to fine. $300 - 400

217. THIRD REICH EPHEMERA Grouping of various ephemera related to the Third Reich, includes: two postcards related to the “Soviet Paradise” exhibit held in Berlin, May 9-21, 1942, includes a postcard bearing a photo of a shattered statue beneath and inscription: “The translucent facade of Bolshevism”, the second card bearing a printed cancel promoting the exhibit and showing impoverished Russians; a postcard promoting an exhibition and bearing a Sept. 26, 1942 Vienna cancel both honoring George Ritter von Schonerer (1842-1921), an Austrian politician active in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century’s and a major exponent of German nationalism in Austria; postcard honoring the S.A. and sports games, July, 1938; a postcard with an S.A. commemorative cancel; and a book The War in Poland 1939, (Deutsches VerlagsExpedition: Stuttgart), 8vo., unpaginated, contains printed speeches by Hitler, narrative on the conquest of Poland, and multiple photos of principal officers, troops and mayhem. Six pieces. $100 - 150

212. WEHRPASS FOR A CAREER ARMY OFFICER Identification book for one Josef Hubrich, an oberstleutnant and department chief, born in 1901 in Prussia. His papers show his military service commencing in 1919 and ending in 1943 when he was attached to OKH. Awarded the War Merit Cross First Class, with Swords. With his attached photo showing him in uniform. Very good. $100 - 150

218. “I FIGHT” NSDAP publication, Ich Kaempfe (“I Fight”), (no author stated), (Munich: Franz Eher Nachf. Verlag) 1943. 100pp. 8vo., paper boards, illustrated with color and black and white photos. A book bearing “duties of party comrades” given to new NSDAP members instructing them on the history of the party, the oath to be given to Hitler, duties of the S.A., lifestyle of National Socialists, and so on. Some toning, else very good. $75 - 100

213. NAZI GERMANY IDENTIFICATION Lot of four items, includes: passport issued by the Free City of Danzig to a woman, Sep. 15, 1940, 32pp. sm. 8vo., with ink stamp permitting the bearer to reside in Germany; replacement I.D. card (Ausweis) issued by the D.A.F. for the Gau of Berlin, issued to a man working at a train station in the city, with two train tickets and cloth ID case (worn); state-issued Sea Voyage Book issued to a commercial fisherman by a Gauleiter Forster at Cuxhaven and listing the vessels

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227. 1943 WILLYS JEEP MANUAL IN ENGLISH AND RUSSIAN Scarce original January 15, 1943 issue “Maintenance Manual for Willys Truck 1/4 Ton 4 x 4”, (Toledo: Willys-Overland Motors, Inc.), approx. 160pp. 4to., illustrated, the text largely in english with a bound-in supplement in Russian. This is the complete service manual for the ubiquitous “Jeep”, which of course was also sent to Russia in great numbers. Covers well worncontents still very good. $75 - 100

219. SS SOLDIER’S COLLEGE CLASS BOOK List of classes taken by a young SS soldier while attending the University Jena and University of Frankfurt am Main in 1934-35 and 1938-39, contained in a notebook, about 50pp. 8vo. The student, Ernst Berghoff, is pictured on the first page in SS uniform. There are multiple entries listing the classes he took, including common law, philosophy, military law, criminal law, the German constitution, church law, etc. Fine. $100 - 150

220. STAHLHELM MEMBERSHIP BOOK Rare membership book issued to a member of the Stalhelm, the precursor of what would become the S.A. The booklet, 16pp. 12mo., is issued in Marburg in 1931 to Theophil Boettcher who was born in Flatow (Prussia) in 1910. Boetcher was a devoted member, remaining with the organization until at least 1934 as membership stamps within indicate. A letter tipped to the back cover shows that he was promoted to sturmmann in 1934. Very good. Boettcher would later write a published treatise concerning the rights of property owners versus those of the NSDAP. $150 - 200

221. IDENTIFICATION CARDS OF S.A. STORMTROOPERS Good lot of six identification cards issued to S.A. members who are so identified thereon (one a temporary ID), each 4pp. 12mo., all being students. All bear official stamps and signatures, all but one printed on waterproof cloth. None bear photographs. Overall fine condition. $200 - 30 222. 1932 GERMAN REICHSTAG ELECTION BALLOT Uncommon 1932 Reichstag election ballot, 1p. 8vo., Upper Bavaria. The ballot lists ten different political parties vying for seats in the Reichstag, including Adolf Hitler, Chancellor Franz von Papen who was desperately seeking to reaffirm the legitimacy of his office, and various parties from the left and right. in the end, Hitler won substantial gains, and von Papen would be forced to relinquish his seat. The ballot is marked for Communist Party leader Ernst Thalmann who soon after the election would be thrown into solitary confinement for 11 years until his summary execution at Buchenwald in 1944. Fine. $150 - 200

223. ADOLF HITLER 1933 ELECTION BALLOT German Reichstag 1933 election ballot, 1p. oblong 8vo., lists all of the NSDAP candidates including Hitler, Rohm, Hess, Göring, Goebbels, etc. The Nazi Party is obviously named on the ballot, but so that no mistake could be made, beneath the party name also appears: “Hitler movement”. The ballot has been marked with an “X” supporting the slate. Very good. $100 - 150

224. NAZI BOOKLETS Two Nazi booklets: the first Osterreich ist Ein Land des Deutschen Reiches (“Austria: A Land of the German Reich”) by Franz Tumler, published NSDAP, Berlin, 1942. Along with Die Kriegerische Revolution (“The Warrior Revolution”) by Kurt Eggers, published by NSDAP, Berlin 1941. Very good condition. Accompanied the hardbound volume Die Niederlande im Umbruch der Zeiten (“The Netherlands in Our Changing Times”) by du Prel/Janke, Konrad Triltsch Verlag Wurzburg, 1941. This particular volume was ordered to be written Arthur Seyss-Inquart. Three pieces, very good condition. $100 - 150

228. “THE PRIVATE LIFE OF...HITLER!” A particularly cheesy movie poster advertising the long-forgotten 1962 film “Hitler”. The large poster, 40” x 76”, shows Hitler (as played by well-respected star Richard Basehart) slapping a scantily-clad woman as another smug, equally scantily-clad woman looks on approvingly (the film depicts the women as Geli Raubal and Eva Braun!). The text reads, in part: “THE PRIVATE LIFE OF...HITLER Revealed for the first time! SEE IT ALL...in the shocking personal story of HITLER!”. A two-sheet poster, bears a small well-repaired tear at top, light toned water staining at bottom which hardly detracts from this masterpiece. The film, which Basehart actually spent a good amount of time preparing for, was filled with factual errors including Hitler ordering Geli’s murder and Claus von Stauffenberg being hanged (versus shot) Interestingly, John Banner (“Sergeant Schultz”) portrayed Gregor Strasser but was unable to save the production. $150 - 200

225. SS REINHARD HEYDRICH POSTAGE STAMPS Scarce complete sheet of one hundred one-half Reichsmark “value-added” stamps bearing an image of Heydrich’s death mask, issued by the Reich Protectorates of Bohemia and Moravia over which Heydrich had presided. This stamp was issued on the 28th of May 1943, exactly one year and a day after the attack on Heydrich. Fine condition. $200 - 300

226. WEHRMACHT ANTI-YUGOSLAV SAFE CONDUCT PASS Scarce anti-Yugoslav partisan propaganda and safe conduct pass, a copy of a Series 1943 U.S. ten dollar bill bearing the legend at bottom in a Slavic tongue: “This bill is no good, but you are guaranteed your life”. The verso, printed in German, Slavic and Russian, bears a eagle and swastika emblem with “safe conduct” language: “Don’t shoot - but take this to the next German encampment and get a good deal”. Two file holes, else very good. $100 - 150

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World War II: Relics Mussolini’s sword bearing an “inspiring” quote by Machiavelli: “It is not with words that one maintains governments”

229. THE PRESENTATION SWORD THAT WOULD DETERMINE BENITO MUSSOLINI’S POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY An extraordinary presentation sword, a superb piece of the silversmith’s art given by a Blackshirt legion to Benito Mussolini in 1924. It would soon influence the writing of his doctoral thesis, and his future political philosophy. The 38 1/4” (overall) sword bears an incredibly ornate and massive 7” silver handle. Either side of the handle has a full standing figure of two Roman figures, one a legionnaire holding a gold sword and shield and labeled “VIGOR” on a small brass plate beneath, the other a woman in headdress with two hands resting upon the top of a gold Roman fasci and with the mounted plaque reading, “IUSTIA” (“Justice”) beneath. The pommel bears two ornate Italiante eagles flanked by ivy, both topped by a crown with brass or gold trim. The handguard is equally beautiful, bearing additional ivy leaves and a geometric design on top and bottom, with a “figure eight” knot appearing on either side (significance unknown). The handle is marked with the makers’ names and date: “MCMXXIII M. DAGNINI DIS. E. SARONNI FEC.”. The steel blade bears raised lettering against a gold background: “CUM PAROLE NON SE POSSONO DEFENDERE LI STATI” (“IT IS NOT WITH WORDS THAT ONE MAINTAINS GOVERNMENTS”, a quote from Niccolo Machiavelli, author of The Prince. Near the hilt the blade is further engraved with the name of the donors: “LA 68 LEGIONE RIARIO SFORZA” and the edge of the blade is marked by the makers/engravers: S. A. E. GNUTT. LUMEZZANE BRESCIA”. The reverse of the sword again bears ivy leaves and vines in relief against a gold background. The sword blade bears some nominal oxidation, while the grip and guard are in excellent condition. Lacking scabbard. The 10th Blackshirt (CCNN) Group, was a Fascist militia brigade headquartered in Ferarra, of which the 68th Legion “Riario Sforza” (Imola), the presenters of this extravagant gift to Mussolini, was a component. This sword presented by them would figure in Mussolini’s future attitude toward the Italian people and the world in general. Mussolini was an ardent admirer of Machiavelli and his “methods”, and he made no secret of it. His 1924 honorary doctoral thesis at the University of Bologna, quoted in his Prelude to Machiavelli” for “La Revue de Geneve” in September, 1924 (copy included), mentions this very sword at its start: “It chanced one day I was notified from Imola — by the Black legions of Imola — of a gift of a sword engraved with Machiavelli’s saying: ‘It is not with words that one maintains governments’. That ended my hesitation and decided the choice of the thesis I submit today...upon The Prince of Machiavelli — upon a book that I am inclined to call The Statesman’s Handbook...”. In 1928 Mussolini again reprinted his preface in an edition of The Prince. An historically important relic of great significance. $12,000 - 15,000

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Mussolini’s gift to Skorzeny for saving his life

230. THE WATCH GIVEN TO OTTO SKORZENY BY BENITO MUSSOLINI IN THANKS FOR HIS RESCUE FROM CAPTIVITY Undoubtedly one of the most evocative relics of World War II, the gold watch personally given to SS commando Otto Skorzeny by Benito Mussolini in thanks for Skorzeny’s daring rescue of the dictator from captivity at the hands of his fellow Italians. The gold-cased watch, undoubtedly Skorzeny’s most prized possession, is a Wintex wristwatch with a seperate smaller sweep-second dial, the watch face is two-toned, ivory, with a copper-colored outer band upon which are printed six roman numerals representing hours. The watch crystal is original and bears an indented circular area (“cyclops” crystal) near the center of the crystal. The back of the watch is engraved with the letter “M”, a facsimile of the first letter in Mussolini’s signature. Engraved beneath the initials is: “12 - 9 - 1943 - XXI” indicating the date of Skorzeny’s brilliant raid at Gran Sasso, September 12, 1943, as well as the year of Mussolini’s “reign”, 1943 being his twenty-first year. At the edge of the dial is the watch serial number, “227852”. The watch does not appear to be in working order, and there is a very slight area of oxidation at the point where the seconds dial meets the watch dial. The crystal bears no significant scratches, nor does the case. The watch strap, originally leather, was at some point replaced by Skorzeny with a modern gold flexible mesh-type band, not hallmarked. The “Wintex” brand name was one of several used by Rolex, registered by Rolex founder Hans Wilsdorf on March 7, 1927.

The watch was bequeathed to Skorzeny’s wife, Ilse Finckenstein Skorzeny at the time of Skorzeny’s death in 1975. Ilse continued to reside in in the Tres Cantos section of Madrid, but was slowly cheated out of her wealth by various con artists and manipulators in Spain and in the United States. Early on, she befriended an influential businessman who sought to obtain her legal and financial assistance. By the time of her death in 2002, Ilse was bankrupt and living in a nursing home, supported by the charity of her friend. On Jan. 13, 1998 she granted the man her full power of attorney, and on May 4, 1999 she executed a legal document leaving her entire estate to the gentleman. He since transferred this property to his son, our consignor. In September, 2011 representatives of Alexander Autographs, Inc. met with the heir of Ilse Skorzeny’s estate and his son, the consignor. A substantial amount of other Skorzeny’s personal letters and documents were also made available for viewing. Also viewed was the original power of attorney given by Ilse and the fullyexecuted and notarized copy of the legal document bequeathing the property to her Spanish friend. Copies of those documents are included in the lot, as is a letter of provenance signed by the heir and his son, as well as a letter attesting to the fact that the son had been gifted the estate by the father, this document also signed by both. Additionally, film of Skorzeny exists showing him being interrogated while being held by American forces at Dachau in 1945. Skorzeny is questioned intensely about the watch and is asked to remove it for inspection. Frame-by-frame analysis shows ours to be the same make and model of watch. Clips of this film can easily be found on the internet. A photo of a frame from the film showing the watch is included. An early draft of Skorzeny’s memoirs previously sold by us and containing corrections in his hand clearly indicate that his American captors relieved him of an Omega watch - but not the gold presentation watch given him by Mussolini. Provenance apart from ours is provided in Charles Hamilton’s Leaders & Personalities of the Third Reich, (San Jose: R. James Bender Publishing), 1996, where in the citation for Skorzeny’s handwriting, Hamilton has illustrated the May 20, 1945 list of items surrendered by Skorzeny to his American captors. Among the items on the list, which was signed by Skorzeny at the time he relinquished his possessions, is “1 Armbanduhr [wristwatch] Wintex 227852” which matches the brand and serial number offered here. This is as solid as provenence can be. On July 25, 1943, Benito Mussolini was voted out of power by his own Grand Council and arrested upon leaving a meeting with King Vittorio Emanuele. The next day, Skorzeny was introduced to Hitler who, convinced of Skorzeny’s talents as a planner and man of action, ordered him to rescue his old friend and ally. Mussolini was moved around the country before being sent to Campo Imperatore, a mountain resort in Abruzzo where he was completely isolated. On Sep. 3, 1943 Italy signed an armistice with the Allies, thereby broaching their alliance with Germany, making Skozeny’s mission even more hazardous. Using his own sources and those of the German Security Service, Skorzeny discovered “Il Duce’s” location and determined that only a glider assault would succeed. The only possible landing ground seemed to be a small triangular field just behind the hotel. Indeed, the Chief-of-Staff of the Parachute Corps and his senior staff officer both thought that a landing on so small and unprepared a space would result in major losses and that the few troops who survived would probably not be adequate to complete the operation. Nevertheless, it was the only possible option. On Sep. 12th, the approaching gliders crash landed on terrain even steeper and rockier than expected. As the Italian carabinieri ran for cover, Skorzeny bolted for the hotel and found Mussolini who cried out: “I knew my friend Adolf wouldn’t desert me.” The two piled into a small German reconnaissance plane, greatly overloading it and nearly causing a crash on take-off, but the party made it to Rome and then Prussia where Skorzeny was promoted and awarded the Knights Cross. Not a single shot was fired during the entire operation. $15,000 - 20,000

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Hitler presents his political manifesto to party ideologue Alfred Rosenberg

231. MEIN KAMPF “GAULEITER” EDITION, PRESENTED TO ALFRED ROSENBERG An exceptionally rare edition of Adolf Hitler’s political manifesto “Mein Kampf”, presented to Nazi ideologue and Reichsminister Alfred Rosenberg. This edition of Hitler’s work, commonly called the “Gauleiter” edition, was limited to perhaps fifty copies, all of which were intended as gifts to be presented to Gauleiters and Reichsleiters, the two top governmental administrative positions. This massive book, published by the NSDAP through their publishing house Franz Eher Nachfolger in Munich, bears only the original copyright dates of 1925 and 1927. The covers are of fine white woven cloth on wood boards, the front cover bearing the title “Mein Kampf” and the NSDAP eagle and swastika device, both gilt-decorated. All 354 pages are gilt-edged, and the text, and exact copy textually of the original first edition, is quite large (width 15 1/2 “ x 20 3/4” height and 3” thick. The book is secured by two metal hasps secured by pins attached to the front cover. The half title page bears a gilt inscription in large lettering, printed on exactly the same stock as the balance of the book and also gilt-edged: “To my faithful collaborator Alfred Rosenberg in recognition of his special services to Germany’s cultural renewal, I dedicate this. The Author”. Corners slightly bumped and spine ends bear a bit of wear, yet much better that normally seen with almost all gilding absolutely intact and contents very fine. Verso of inscribed page has a very thin strip of reinforcing paper at the edge of the binding but the page has never been detached from the book. As a Reichsleiter and later Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories, in addition to being one of Hitler’s closest advisors, Rosenberg certainly qualified as a recipient of this important gift. $8,000 - 10,000

An evocative Nagasaki relic - a church bell found five hundred meters from Ground Zero

232. NAGASAKI CATHOLIC CATHEDRAL’S SCARRED CHURCH BELL A chilling and evocative relic from the August 9, 1945 atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, a church bell that remarkably survived the blast which was centered only about 2,600 feet away! The cast bronze bell measures 4 1/2” tall and 4 3/8” wide at its base. It is marked with the deeply indented words: “ANGELUS” and “NAGASAKI on one side, with Japanese characters likewise indented on the reverse. The clapper is present, as is a separated chain which once supported the bell. The bell bears multiple small black spots which cannot be removed, possibly indicative of sootladen water or fire damage, and also a few traces of raised metal residue that did not originate from the bell, as if some tiny bits of molten metal had fallen upon this object. The bell is accompanied by an original notarized letter of provenance from Robert D. Stern dated May 14, 2001. Stern relates that he served in the Marines during World War II and was a member of the 2nd Marine Division Occupational Force which landed in Nagasaki on Sep. 23, 1945. He mentions that his assignments included security escort for military photographers in restricted areas. He adds: “...The bell in question was found by me in the ruins of a church. The church was located approximately half a mile northeast from ground zero...”. Stern then describes the bell’s markings. All of Stern’s statements bear out, as the first official American presence in Nagasaki was on Sep. 16th when only an advance group of twelve men went ashore, followed by the Marines on Sep. 23rd. The Catholic church which most closely fits Stern’s description was the Urakami Cathedral, located about 500 meters from Ground Zero. As the Assumption of Mary was soon approaching, the cathedral was filled with worshippers when the bomb detonated: all were killed and the church was totally destroyed. In 1959 the church was rebuilt and another French Angelus bell that survived the blast remains on display. For those not familiar, the ringing of the Angelus bell is a Christian call to prayer and to spread good will to all mankind. A more chilling yet hopeful reminder of the evil of war would be hard to find... $3,000 - 4,000

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233. HERMANN GÖRING REICHSMARSHALL’S AUTOMOBILE COMMAND FLAG Hermann Göring’s Reichsmarshall’s automobile command flag, 11 1/2” x 11 1/2”, a fine piece bearing on one side an embroidered Reichsmarshall’s eagle over crossed batons with a wreath of laurel leaves, set on a light blue background as is usually the case with many of Göring’s personal flags and decorations. The reverse features an embroidered wreathed 1939 Iron Cross trimmed in silver bullion, with four Luftwaffe eagles over crossed batons at each corner of the flag. Gold piping surrounds each side of the design, with a broader border of bullion piping present which is heavily oxidized and discolored. This type of automobile flag would have been secured to the vehicle in a celluloid case with three or four grommets - it is not present. A rare and desirable relic. $4,000 - 5,000

234. GILT WOOD WALL EAGLE FROM OBERSALZBERG Massive wood gilt eagle from Obersalzberg, 27” wide, 36” tall, about 3” thick, depicting a right-facing eagle clutching a ringed swastika. This wall ornament, generally used only in administrative setting, is hand-carved, and in very good condition with the gilding almost completely intact but for a few tiny areas in which the red primer is visible due to chipping or a scuff. The reverse of the eagle is in excellent condition and has been branded: “VERWALTUNG OBERSALZBERG 1938” indicating that this piece was at one time in the administration building of the complex of buildings at Hitler’s retreat at Obersalzberg. There is a pair of somewhat oxidized mounting brackets inset on the reverse, the screws of which show no sign of recent tampering. A rare item! $4,000 - 5,000

235. OAK WALL SCONCE FROM OBERSALZBERG Solid oak wall sconce from Obersalzberg depicting a right-facing eagle clutching a ringed swastika, 8 1/2” wide overall, 7 1/2” tall, a somewhat rustically-carved piece which still appears to bear its original finish. The top shelf, measuring 6” x 5 1/4”, bears a bit of darkening at the rear, probably water staining. The reverse of the sconce shows an inlaid iron hanging device, well oxidized and matching the adjoining unstained oak which is likewise damp stained. The reverse has also been branded: “VERWALTUNG OBERSALZBERG 1937” indicating that this piece was at one time in the administration building of the complex of buildings at Hitler’s retreat at Obersalzberg. This mark has also been affected by water staining, but the entire affected area of the rear of the sconce has been very lightly sanded, probably to remove any lifting of the grain caused by exposure to dampness. An entirely honest item, fine for display. $1,750 - 2,000

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The rarest Allied helmet and uniform, with handcuffs which held Rudolf Hess

236. HANDCUFFS, HELMET, UNIFORM, AND SERVICE RELICS OF NUREMBERG TRIALS CPL. RICHARD MANLY An outstanding grouping of rare Nuremberg Trial items from the estate of Cpl. Richard Manly, an American soldier who guarded the chief defendants during their war crimes trial at Nuremberg, his term being from June-December, 1945. Manly had originally joined the 49th Infantry (“Cross of Lorraine”) Division only a year before the trials, qualifying as a machine gunner. He apparently joined the regiment during its heavy engagements along the Belgian-German border and the Siegfried Line. On Mar. 24, 1945, the regiment crossed the Rhine, secured the north bank of the Ruhr and took part in clearing the Ruhr Pocket after which it took on occupation duties. Manly, having insufficient points to receive a discharge, was ordered to Nuremberg to serve as one of the 26 rotating guards present during the incarceration and trial of the major war criminals. In a newspaper interview (included), Manly describes being a “shadow” to Göring, Hess, and other defendants, and how he was often handcuffed to Rudolf Hess “putting on his crazy act” to prevent an escape attempt. A plethora of material is included in this excellent grouping: gunmetal black Peerless handcuffs and keys used by Manly to transport prisoners, mainly Rudolph Hess; exceedingly rare white helmet liner with green webbing and brown leather sweatband bearing the emblem of the 6850th Internal Security Detachment on both sides of the helmet and hand-marked with Manly’s name within (two minor 1” tears to edges with no loss); Army-issue “Ike” jacket with 1st Infantry Division and Army Services Forces shoulder patches, also sergeant and service stripes, with pants (the 6850th served as part of the 1st Infantry); Army standard issue visor cap; 1943 U.S. Army whistle and steel chain, two sets of Manly’s dog tags; Armyissue pocket New Testament; two LIFE magazine photos and two original 4” x 3” b/w photos showing Manly in guard’s uniform and standing at the dock with the principal war crimes defendants in forefront; leather pistol shoulder holster marked with Manly’s initials, regiment, and a Cross of Lorraine; multiple medals and insignia including C.I.B., qualification badges, 79th Infantry shoulder patch and chest pin, ribbon bars, sergeant’s stripes, Presidential Unit Citation pin with oak leaf; and much ephemera including three notebooks with addresses of friends and other notes, a scrapbook kept by a family member tracking Manly’s war record, along with a window flag hung in his memory; his signed pay book; nine photos of friends, captioned on verso, Manly’s stenciled duffel bag; three war-date printed company and regimental histories, bound, and a November, 1945 extensive bound regimental history. Overall fine condition. Obviously, this grouping includes the rarest helmet obtainable, and as a set, nothing comparable has ever been offered. Museum quality relics. $4,000 - 6,000

237. KNIGHTS CROSS AWARD PRESENTATION LEATHER FOLDER Rare, original formal presentation folder for the formal Knights Cross award document, 14 1/8” x 17 5/8”, the boards covered in burgundy grained red leather and the front cover bearing a left-facing eagle clutching a wreath encircling a swastika. Within, the folders are lined in parchment with the outer edges bearing the same red leather bearing double lines of gilt trim. The maker’s name, “FRIEDA THIERSCH”, appears in small embossed gilt letters at the bottom of the inside of the rear cover. This example bears significant damage, having been separated at the central hinge, and is worn, abraded and bumped almost throughout - nevertheless, it is the “real deal” and once restored could be matched with any Knights Cross award. Should be examined. $3,000 - 4,000

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238. ADOLF HITLER ALLACH SERVING BOWL WITH LID A rare piece of Allach porcelain dinnerware manufactured exclusively for Adolf Hitler in the SS-operated Allach porcelain factory at the notorious concentration camp at Dachau. This set measures 8” diameter, with a gold Nazi eagle on the side and an 3-D acorn as the handle. Hallmarked on the bottom with the green Allach SS stamp. In fine condition. $800 - 1,200 239. ADOLF HITLER ALLACH SERVING PLATTER A rare piece of Allach porcelain dinnerware manufactured exclusively for Adolf Hitler in the SS-operated Allach porcelain factory at the notorious concentration camp at Dachau. This rectangular serving platter measures 15” x 9” x 1 1/4” deep. It is accented with a gold-embossed Nazi eagle device and hallmarked for Allach on the bottom. Fine condition. $500 - 700

240. ADOLF HITLER ALLACH SOUP BOWL A rare piece of Allach porcelain dinnerware manufactured exclusively for Adolf Hitler at the SS-operated Allach porcelain factory at the notorious concentration camp at Dachau. This shallow soup bowl is 9 1/4” diameter and bears a gold-embossed Nazi eagle device on the rim. Hallmarked on the bottom for Allach and in fine condition. $400 - 600

241. ADOLF HITLER FORMAL PATTERN FORK Scarce fork from Adolf Hitler’s formal pattern of silverware, 8 1/4” long with four tines, bears the appropriate hallmarks and Hitler’s personal monogrammed eagle and swastika with the edge of the fork in a Greek key pattern. An increasingly rare piece to locate, in fine condition. $1,750 - 2,000

242. ADOLF HITLER FORMAL PATTERN NAPKIN RING Fine original formal silver napkin ring from Hitler’s mountain retreat at Berchtesgaden, 1 3/4” tall, 1 1/2” diameter, bearing a large embossed Nazi eagle and swastika device, the swastika flanked by Hitler’s initials “A H” at bottom. On the opposite sides the rings bear the hallmarks of silversmiths Bruckmann. Some light tarnishing, else fine condition. The Bruckmann “formal pattern” of silver flatware and tableware was made as a 50th birthday present to Hitler from Albert Speer. There are believed to be six complete sets of 500 pieces, or possibly five sets of 600 pieces, and they were distributed among the places Hitler frequented the most: the “Berghof” (Hitler’s mountain home); “Der Adlerhorst” (the Eagle’s Nest); the “Gasthaus” (Guest House) at Obersalzberg: the “Braune Haus” (the “Brown House”); the “Prinzregentenplaz” apartment in Munich; and the “Reichskanzlei” in Berlin. This relic was obtained from a 101st Airborne veteran who looted four boxes of silverware from a storage facility in what was the basement of the Berghof. A rare item, and certainly more appealing than a fish knife... $800 - 1,200

243. ADOLF HITLER FORMAL PATTERN NAPKIN RING Fine original formal silver napkin ring from Hitler’s mountain retreat at Berchtesgaden, 1 3/4” tall, 1 1/2” diameter, bearing a large embossed Nazi eagle and swastika device, the swastika flanked by Hitler’s initials “A H” at bottom. On the opposite sides the rings bear the hallmarks of silversmiths Bruckmann. Some light tarnishing, else fine condition. The Bruckmann “formal pattern” of silver flatware and tableware was made as a 50th birthday present to Hitler from Albert Speer. There are believed to be six complete sets of 500 pieces, or possibly five sets of 600 pieces, and they were distributed among the places Hitler frequented the most: the “Berghof” (Hitler’s mountain home); “Der Adlerhorst” (the Eagle’s Nest); the “Gasthaus” (Guest House) at Obersalzberg: the “Braune Haus” (the “Brown House”); the “Prinzregentenplaz” apartment in Munich; and the “Reichskanzlei” in Berlin. This relic was obtained from a 101st Airborne veteran who looted four boxes of silverware from a storage facility in what was the basement of the Berghof. A rare item, and certainly more appealing than a fish knife... $800 - 1,200 244. 1939 EAST PRUSSIA POLITICAL LEADERS’ SHOOTING PRIZE A rare, finely crafted shooting trophy awarded by the First President of East Prussia, apparently the notorious Erich Koch who served as both Gauleiter and President until 1939. This superb award is a circular 14 1/2” dia. silver tray, slightly bowl-shaped, bearing at center a silver-outlined map of East Prussia. The 3/4” silver border of the award is deeply engraved in capital letters: “Presented by the Upper District President of the Province of East Prussia Competitive Shooting Competition of Political Leaders Reichs Party Day 1939”. The bottom is hallmarked by the maker with his seal and name:”STAATL. BERNSTEIN MANUFAKTUR KONIGSBERG”, the same maker of the famed Mein Kampf editions bearing amber-inset covers. Most impressive is the fact that the entire bowl is lined with 1 1/2” x 1/2” sections of golden amber, all intact and perfectly fitting. A superlative item. This certainly a contentious award: until the fall of Poland, East Prussia had been an exclave of Germany, separated from that state by the “Polish Corridor” which also included the Free City of Danzig. The map shown in outline on this presentation piece incorporates Danzig in its outline and whether it was made pre or post-invasion, it shows East Prussians’ sympathies. They would need their shooting abilities five years hence, as the Russians rolled across their borders destroying everything in sight. As for Gauleiter Koch, he would use slave labor, persecute Jews, Russians and Poles, and be accused of over 400,000 deaths, yet escape the hangman’s rope and die in 1986.In the meantime, he was accused of complicity in the theft of the famed “Amber Room” from Leningrad. $2,000 - 3,000

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245. FREE STATE OF THURINGIA STAINED GLASS WINDOW Fine original circular stained glass window, 11 1/2” diameter, an image of the seal of the post1933 Free State of Thuringia. A beautifully executed piece, hand-painted and etched in excellent detail, flanked with borders of green and yellow glass with lead borders. Believed to be from the estate of FRITZ WACHTLER (1891-1945), Gauleiter of Bayreuth and an SS-Gruppenfuhrer, executed for desertion. Fine condition. After 1933, Thuringia was pressured into changing its arms and flag because the old arms contained seven six-pointed stars which were deemed inappropriate, i.e. too closely resembling Stars of David. The new arms showed a red and white striped lion wearing a gold crown and holding a gold swastika. $2,000 - 3,000

246. PRESENTATION COBURG BADGE STAINED GLASS WINDOW Fine original stained glass window, 11 1/2” x 15”, an image of the famous Coburg Badge given to veterans of that early Nazi clash which bears the legend: “MIT HITLER 1922 1932”. Beneath is a painted inscription: “PRESENTED BY THE PRINCIPAL MAYOR OF THE CITY OF COBURG 15.X.1940”. A very carefully constructed piece, believed to be from the estate of FRITZ WACHTLER (1891-1945), Gauleiter of Bayreuth and an SS-Gruppenfuhrer, executed for desertion. Fine condition. On Oct. 14, 1922 Hitler and 800 Brownshirts descended on Coburg to march in a “German Day” parade. Ignoring orders not to unfurl their banners or otherwise incite the population, the storm troopers marched on and clashed repeatedly with many in the Marxist-aligned town. What was initially a bluff by the nearly bankrupt Nazi party turned out to be a propaganda bonanza. $2,500 - 3,500

247. PRESENTATION CANE GIVEN TO BENITO MUSSOLINI An elaborately-carved oak cane presented to dictator Benito Mussolini by Hungarian admirers upon the occasion of his state visit to Hungary. From Jan. 9-12, 1938 representatives of the Austrian, Hungarian, and Italian governments reaffirmed the protocols between the three states to maintain the status quo in Danubian region, essentially reassuring each other of the validity of various parties’ claims to territories in the region. The solid wood cane stands 38 1/2” tall and bears a checkered background wherever it lacks designs. The top of the cane is inset in two places with a lighter-colored wood with checkered and floral design. Images in relief include ferns, a cross and crown, the inscription: “ROMA CAPO DEL MUNDO”, symbols of Rome and Hungary, a maiden carrying a banner reading: “VIVA LA PATRIA”, a portrait of Italian poet Dante, a hawk, and a very lengthy scroll with the inscription in Italian: “With greatest admiration to our Duce from two Hungarians, John Horvath and Stephen Morvai. Long live the friendship of Italy and Hungary”. The top of the handle is cracked on both sides but could be restored. Accompanied by a period card from Mussolini’s government secretary who “logged-in” this gift at the time of its receipt, describing the gift, the name of the donor, and the date of receipt (a previous owner erroneously labeled it a “museum” card). A fine relic. $750 - 1,000

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252. HERMANN GÖRING PRESENTATION “SHOT” GLASS A gift given by Reichsmarshall Hermann Göring an typical of his indulgent lifestyle, a 1 3/4” tall silver “shot” class bearing his heraldic shield in high relief, along with the original presentation box. The cup shows Göring’s shield on one side, an upraised arm bearing a ring, contained within a shield. The bottom of the cup is hallmarked with the half moon and crown (present on all German silver after 1888) and 835 standard mark, as well as the Wilhelm Binder maker’s mark. It is contained within a fitted cardboard box lined in blue satin with faux reptile finish. Cup is fine, box is slightly worn. $600 - 800

248. ITALIAN MILITARY COMMEMORATIVE MEDALLIONS Lot of three Italian military commemorative medallions, includes: Bronze medallion, 3 3/4” dia., shows a member of an Italian Alpini division in high relief with the legend: “MONUMENTO AGLI ALPINI DELLA ‘VAL PUSTERIA’, with the reverse showing a fasci, two seals, and the legend: “BRUNI CO 5 GIUGNO XVI EF. III EP”. The second medallion honors the Pope and the King, 4 1/2” dia., brass: “PIUS XIII PONTIFEX VICTOR EMMANUEL III REX IMPERATOR” with two fascii, the reverse showing a dove with laurel branch and the date “XXVII DECEMBER MCMXXXIV - XVIII E.F.”. The third medallion, 3” dia. in bronze, 1935, shows an elephant on both sides and honors aviator and poet Gabriel D’Annunzio, quoting him on the reverse. Three pieces. $200 - 300

249. GERMAN GLIDER FABRIC REMANANT German glider fabric remnant, 16” x 19” heavy canvas painted in desert camouflage, bears a hand-painted black swastika with white border, ca. 194243. Mounted to heavy card. Likely from a Gotha Class glider, possibly from the invasion of Crete. A rare relic, in excellent condition. $750 - 1,000 250. GERMAN-AMERICAN BUND SILVER RING A fine and unusual relic of the German-American Bund, a silver man’s ring produced by Franz Schnell that bears a black enameled top with the “AV” symbol and the American federal eagle on both sides. It measures about 1” tall and is hallmarked on the band .835 for silver content. The German-American Bund organization was formed out of the ”Friends of the New Germany”. This organization was made up of German Americans bearing strong racial and nationalistic feelings stirred-up when Hitler was elected chancellor. The members wore uniforms, sang the Horst Wessel Lied, and flew the swastika flag, and as a result soon fell out of favor within the U.S. Its leaders, largely German nationals, were recalled to Germany and in 1936 the German-American Bund, or Amerikadeutscher Volksbund (AV) was organized. Very good condition overall. $400 - 500

253. JOACHIM VON RIBBENTROP TABLECLOTH. JOACHIM VON RIBBENTROP (1893 - 1946) Nazi foreign minister. First of the Nuremberg defendants to hang on October 16, 1946. A fine von Ribbentrop relic, an embroidered cream-colored linen tablecloth owned and used by the Foreign Minister, 94” x 94” bearing at center a large wreath of flowers with two oval emblems, each about 7” wide. The emblems reflect his foreign service: they depict an eagle clutching a swastika which in turn is surrounded by a wreath of oak leaves. The eagle sits atop a globe which itself rests upon two oak branches. The rest of the tablecloth bears scattered small flowers embroidered throughout. Light scattered stains and toned consistent with age, else in very good condition. $750 - 1,000

251. HERMANN GÖRING CIGAR BOX An unusual relic from the Third Reich, a 9 1/4” x 5” x 1 1/8” “Luftfahrt Minister” brand cigar box honoring Luftwaffe Reichsmarshal Hermann Göring. The cedar box’s top lid is lightly branded with the brand. Within, a paper label picturing Göring, an eagle and a swastika are affixed to the inside of the lid, and the paper liner also bears the brand name. Two facsimile signatures are also printed within. The box originally contained 25 claro cigars - a previous owner has placed twelve larger cigars in their place for display purposes. A crease through Göring’s image, the interior leaf likewise creased, still entirely presentable and an interesting addition to your humidor. $250 - 350

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254. JOACHIM VON RIBBENTROP NAPKIN. JOACHIM VON RIBBENTROP (1893 - 1946) Nazi foreign minister. First of the Nuremberg defendants to hang on October 16, 1946. A fine von Ribbentrop relic, an embroidered cream-colored linen napkin once owned by the foreign minister, 16” x 17”, bearing in one corner a 3” dia. eagle clutching a swastika which in turn is surrounded by a wreath of oak leaves. The eagle sits atop a globe which itself rests upon two oak branches. Very good to fine. Relics from von Ribbentrop are rarely encountered. $400 - 500

258. NAZI PROPAGANDA OFFICE-APPROVED RADIO Fully original operational radio approved for use by the Nazi government, made by Radio H. Mende & Co., type VE301DYN, 110 v. The radio is mounted within a bakelite case, 12” tall, 11” wide, 7 1/4” deep with a beige and brown cloth (loose) covering the speaker. Three knobs control volume, tuning, and the chosen frequency, and a power switch is present. There is also a loud/soft switch, presumably to be used in the event the Gestapo makes a midnight visit for illicit listening. The front also bears two eagle and swastika images in slight relief. Various German cities (only) are listed on the face of the tuning plate. We were able to receive only AM transmissions...although with some effort it may “tune in Tokyo”. $150 - 200

255. JOACHIM VON RIBBENTROP FORMAL DESSERT FORK Fine piece of sterling silver tableware from Nazi Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop’s service, a 5 1/2” dessert fork bearing his family’s crest (from 1882) in high relief at the end of the handle. The reverse of the handle is hallmarked: “900” and by maker Jakob Grimminger. From a collection of tableware and linens “liberated” from his household. Ribbentrop, although adopted, had no qualms about also adopting his formal lineage. His personal relics are not often encountered. $400 - 500

259. GERMAN RED CROSS FIRST AID KIT War date German Red Cross first aid kit, 7” x 8” x 2 3/4” brown leather with two leather closing straps, containing within: a pack of large gauze pads bearing seal of the German Red Cross and a quote praising the organization signed in type by Adolf Hitler; a rolled bandage also with the organization’s seal, three bundled cloth gauze rolls dated 1944 with a packet of gauze bearing the same date, a small sheet of cloth, another roll of gauze, finger splint, tongue depressors, and a rubber tourniquet with instructions. Very good. $150 - 200

256. LUFTWAFFE THEATER-MADE CIGARETTE CASE Theatermade Luftwaffe cigarette case, 3 1/2” x 3”, a fairly good quality silver case bearing a gold-colored Luftwaffe eagle carefully soldered to the top lid. The work to the lids has given a moire look to the case. Within, the elastic cigarette holders are gone, and the interior is scratched in places. A few tiny dings, otherwise very good. $150 - 200

260. WAFFEN-SS OAKLEAF PATTERN ZELTBAHN Waffen-SS Oakleaf “A” pattern “zeltbahn”, a tent quarter or poncho in camouflage splinter pattern, with buttons, buttonholes and grommets, maker’s mark indistinguishable. As always, the fabric is printed with a winter and spring foliage pattern on either side. With matching black leather rucksack straps. One or two buttons missing, two field repairs to very small tears, else very good. The zeltbahn or tent quarter was a multi-purpose piece of German army regulation equipment that was issued to ground forces. This piece of camouflaged material could be combined to make tents or shelters of various sizes as well as for camouflage, ponchos or stretchers. $250 - 350

257. NAZI NSKG RECORD ALBUMS A collection of nine Nazi NSKG (National Socialist Culture Community) records, housed in the original binder. The records feature performances of symphonies conducted by German conductor Hermann Abendroth. Abenroth (1883-1956), was appointed Kapellmeister of the Liepzig Orchestra in 1934, replacing the Jewish maestro Bruno Walter. Binder bears wear, albums appear to be very good condition, not played by us. $150 - 200

261. OTTO SKORZENY’S 25 YEAR NAZI SERVICE MEDAL OTTO SKORZENY (1908 - 1975) Nazi officer and Hitler’s chief and favorite commando, he made a daring mountain-top rescue of Mussolini, placed English-speaking soldier in American uniforms to mislead American forces in the Bulge, and after the war headed the organization that helped hundreds of ex-SS officers flee Germany. 25 year NSDAP Service Medal with ribbon and pin, showing some oxidation at bottom of lower arm. With case which bears two tape repairs. Skorzeny did not qualify for this reward and we are unaware as to how it came into his possession. Sold as-is. His post-war involvement with veterans may provide some explanation. This medal was bequeathed to Skorzeny’s wife, Ilse Finckenstein Skorzeny at the time of Skorzeny’s death in 1975. Ilse continued to reside in in the Tres Cantos section of Madrid, but was slowly cheated out of her wealth by various con artists and manipulators in Spain and in the United States. Early on, she befriended an influential businessman who sought to obtain her legal and financial assistance. By the time of her death in 2002, Ilse was bankrupt and living in a nursing home, supported by the charity of her friend. On Jan. 13, 1998 she granted the man her full power of attorney, and on May 4, 1999 she executed a legal document leaving her entire estate to the gentleman. He since transferred this property to his son, our consignor. In September, 2011 representatives of Alexander Autographs, Inc. met with the heir of Ilse Skorzeny’s estate and his son, the consignor. A substantial amount of other Skorzeny’s personal letters and documents were also made available for viewing, and are offered elsewhere in this sale. Also viewed was the original power of attorney given by Ilse and the fully-executed and notarized copy of the legal document bequeathing the property to her Spanish friend. Copies of those documents are included in the lot, as is a letter of provenance signed by the heir and his son, as well as a letter attesting to the fact that the son had been gifted the estate by the father, this document also signed by both. $200 - 300 262. OTTO SKORZENY’S ALARM CLOCK OTTO SKORZENY (1908 - 1975) Nazi officer and Hitler’s chief and favorite commando, he made a daring mountain-top rescue of Mussolini, placed english-speaking soldier in American uniforms to mislead American forces in the Bulge, and after the war headed the organization that helped hundreds of ex-SS officers flee Germany. Swiss-made Angelus 15-jewel alarm clock, 5 1/2” tall x 4 3/4” wide, brass octagonal case enclsing the clock which bears a white dial and Roman numerals. The clock and alarm remain completely functional. This clock was bequeathed to Skorzeny’s wife, Ilse Finckenstein Skorzeny at the time of Skorzeny’s death in 1975. Ilse continued to reside in the Tres Cantos section of Madrid, but was slowly cheated out of her wealth by various con artists and manipulators in Spain and in the United States. Early on, she befriended an influential businessman who sought to obtain her legal and financial assistance. By the time of her death in 2002, Ilse was bankrupt and living in a nursing home, supported by the charity of her friend. On Jan. 13, 1998 she granted the man her full power of attorney, and on May 4, 1999 she executed a legal document leaving her entire estate to the gentleman. He since transferred this property to his son, our consignor. In September, 2011 representatives of Alexander Autographs, Inc. met with the heir of Ilse Skorzeny’s estate and his son, the consignor. A substantial amount of other Skorzeny’s personal letters and documents were also made available for viewing, and are offered elsewhere in this sale. Also viewed was the original power of attorney given by Ilse and the fully-executed and notarized copy of the legal document bequeathing the property to her Spanish friend. Copies of those documents are included in the lot, as is a letter of provenance signed by the heir and his son, as well as a letter attesting to the fact that the son had been gifted the estate by the father, this document also signed by both. $400 - 600

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263. DIE FOR THE LUFTWAFFE VISOR CAP EAGLE A rare German military production relic, a pre-war steel die used in a press to produce the early, “drop-tail” version of the Luftwaffe aluminum visor cap eagle emblem. The die, 2 3/4” diameter and 1 1/2” tall, bears a reverse impression of the emblem and bears the correct curvature matching the finished product. The reverse of this die descend onto a sheet of aluminum thus pressing-out the finished emblem. Sold with one of the said visor emblems. Rare! $400 - 500

264. HERMANN GÖRING DIVISION GIFT PLATE Gift plate issued to non-commissioned officers in the Hermann Göring Division, 9 1/2” x 6 1/2”, a silver plated tray with fluted edges, bearing an embossed Luftwaffe eagle and swastika, as well as Hermann Göring’s personal coat of arms, with inscription: “Uffz. Corps. Regt. Hermann Göring 1944”. Very good. This may have been a gift plate, or held cigarettes, cigars, or candy. $200 - 300

265. POST-WAR SS RUNE GOLD RING SS-marked gold ring, a more modern copy of the custom original made in war-era Germany, this copy one of six made by a Cleveland jeweler who owned the dies. A high-quality, heavy ring with wreath design flanking SS runes with the motto “Meine Ehre heisst Treue” engraved on either side of the face. Within on the inside of the band is engraved a passable copy of Heinrich Himmler’s signature. The 14 karat ring is hallmarked “585” and “C/86” with marks of a type and quality so that there is no mistaking this for a wartime piece. Fine condition. $1,200 - 1,500

266. RELIC OF THE JULY 20, 1944 BOMB ATTACK ON HITLER? KARL-JESCO VON PUTTKAMER (1900 - 1981) German rear admiral and naval adjutant to Adolf Hitler. Puttkamer was badly injured on July 20, 1944 when the bomb exploded at Hitler’s headquarters in Bavaria. In the last days of the war, Puttkamer was ordered to the Berghof to destroy Hitler’s papers there. We offer an intriguing relic, a 15 1/2” x 15 1/2” linen napkin that shows clear evidence of violence and what very well may be blood stains. The napkin, which bears a somewhat indistinct Nazi eagle emblem at one corner, has been perforated in multiple widely-spread areas in very irregularlyshaped patters. These holes are inconsistent with normal wear and tear, and in a few cases, when the napkin is folded, some holes align with each other. One could speculate that these punctures were the result of shrapnel-like flying projectiles. The staining on the napkin is entirely consistent with that of old blood, a dark copper color where blood was heaviest, lighter and with “streaks” where the napkin was folded to wipe blood from the affected area. This is further borne out by the fact that two of the round stains perfectly mirror each other, showing that the napkin was folded when a large blotch of blood has been freshly deposited upon it. When tested with hydrogen peroxide (a standard field test for blood), the test was positive. The napkin was found in a period envelope with snap bearing contemporary ink handwriting: “Konteradmiral v. Puttkamer”. Also included are two printouts of Bundesarchiv photos of Puttkamer in the hospital being greeted by Hitler, and an SS officer displaying a pair of pants totally shredded in the explosion. This relic was discovered in a box lot military autographs sold at an estate auction with no other provenance available. Of course, short of a DNA test and an eyewitness account, there is no solid proof of this item’s history, so we estimate it as a curiosity only. $400 - 600 267. RIDING CROP OF PRINCE AUGUST WILHELM AUGUST WILHELM (1887 - 1949) “Auwi”, fourth son of Kaiser Wilhelm II, he joined the nationalist veteran’s group “Stahlhelm”. In the following years he had increasing contact with Hitler and the National Socialists. He was made an Obergruppenführer, the second highest rank in the SA, but after making derogatory remarks about Joseph Goebbels in private, he was denounced in 1942. Tried and convicted of Nazi sympathies at war’s end. Riding crop once owned and used by August Wilhelm, 27 1/2” overall, hallmarked sterling silver top bears his facsimile signature and title: “Prinz von Preussen 1928”, the shaft apparently birch in a darker shellac finish. The “business end” of the crop bears a looped piece of sturdy leather (broken at one end), attached to the shaft with waxed thread. The top end of the crop has been slightly crushed - perhaps the prince smashed it upon the ground in anger? Finish is overall quite good, twine is loosening, and a museum number has been painted on the silver but could be easily removed. $400 - 500

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268. SILVER SS RING Silver ring, a private purchase bearing raised SS runes a stippled background with the sides of the ring decorated with a fern-like designs. Within the ring is hallmarked “835” for purity, with no other marks evident. 13/16” opening. $400 - 500

269. SS “FLORIAN GEYER” DIVISION SILVER LADY’S COMPACT Fine theater-made ladies’ compact presented to a lady by a member of the elite SS “Florian Geyer” Division. The silver case measures 2 3/4” across and is engraved on the top lid:” For the all dearest Greta in memory of my service in the eastern campaign. Hans”. Beside the inscription is a rose-gold monogram, likely 14K, with a separate horse head surrounded by a horseshoe. On the bottom of the compact are the words: “3 Schwadron SS Reiterregiment 1, 8. SS Kavalleriedivision Florian Geyer” with the horse head and sword symbol of the regiment and the date “1942”. “800” purity hallmark and Russian made, as a second hallmark shows a hammer and sickle! $1,200 - 1,500

270. WAFFEN-SS LEIBSTANDARTE “ADOLF HITLER” PRESENTATION GOBLET TO OTTO KUMM A fine silver presentation goblet presented to Otto Kumm, the man who would command the Liebstandarte Adolf Hitler in desperate defensive actions in Russia and Hungary at war’s end. The hammered cup stands just over 4” high with a 2” dia. mouth and bears a silver and enameled crest, likely a family crest. About the rim of the cup is engraved the presentation: “Für den SS Obersturmbannführer Otto Kumm, Kommandeur SS Regt. Der Führer 3.12.1941.” with SS runes also engraved above the crest. The bottom of the cup has crown and moon and 800 hallmarks, as well as the maker’s hallmark which is unknown to us. An attractive presentation piece given to one of the Waffen-SS’ top field commanders. OTTO KUMM (1909 - 2004) served as SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS and was awarded the Knight’s Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. He led the last major German offensive of the war, in Hungary, launched on Mar. 6, 1945. The division then participated in the defense of Vienna, with its remnants fighting the Russians in Berlin. $1,500 - 2,000

271. “ADOLF HITLER-STRASSE” PORCELAIN SIGN Porcelain painted sign “Adolf Hitler-Strasse” in slightly raised black letters with black border painted upon a white surface, 33 1/4” x 6” overall. The sign has been painted in black glossy paint on verso and bears multiple old rust spots thereat. The face of the sign has two small holes at either end for suspension: they show old crazing of the porcelain, which also shows signs of old chips and oxidation of the steel beneath. Overall fine condition. Of course, almost every city and town in Germany had a street name after Hitler. $200 - 300 272. BODY IDENTIFICATION BOTTLES A grim reminder of war’s toll, a set of six 4” long green glass bottles with waterproof seals and caps in which indentifying details concerning the deceased soldier’ could be placed for recovery upon exhumation at a safer time. The bottles are contained within their regulation cardboard box labeled “BOTTLE IDENTIFICATION, BURIAL” with instructions that the bottle be placed under the deceased’s left armpit, and that if a marker could not be erected, a second bottle with the same information should be placed in the center of the grave, at its head, until a marker could be raised. Fine condition. $100 - 150

273. DON COSSACK ANTI-SOVIET CIGARETTE CASE Very crude homemade aluminum cigarette case no doubt constructed by a member of the Don Cossacks, 4” x 3 1/4” x 3/4” with hinged lid. The top and bottom lids bear respectively well-worn idyllic images of swans swimming before a home in the country and an old man puffing a pipe. At a later time the owner added the date “26/X 43” to the top, and a handengraved skull and crossbones to the interior of the top lid. Beneath that emblem appears the hand-engraved exclamation: “BEAT THE JEW COMMISSAR! ENOUGH DRINKING OF OUR BLOOD!” In well-used condition. The Cossacks were avowed enemies of the Soviets and donated soldiers to the ranks of their German occupiers. $200 - 300

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274. GERMAN MACHINE GUN REGIMENT SHOOTING TROPHY Trophy issued to a member of a German machine gun regiment, a 13” dia. circular heavy cardboard target bearing a hand-painted image of a fox unsuccessfully attempting to snag two ducks in flight. Identified at top: “Korp. 17 (M.G.) Komp. I.R. 14” with the winner noted at bottom: “Best Shot: Rifleman Daubenberger”. The target has been pierced with seven bullet holes, each identified with the name of the shooter. Age toned, else good condition. $150 - 200

275. GERMAN-AMERICAN BUND FOB Small bronze charm sold by the pro-Nazi German-American Bund, a heptagonal one-sided fob 1 1/2” wide and bearing an inscription in German: “GERMAN DAY NEW YORK 1935” on either side of an eagle with a swastika upon its chest. Scarce. $150 - 200 276. S.A. SPORTS LOT Good lot of three items includes an S.A. car pennant, 12 1/2” long with emblem sewn-on, RZM tag still attached, fine condition, S.A. sports instructor’s armband with RZM tag within, one small rectangular stain else fine, and a Hitler Youth sports shirt, a few stains and repaired holes. $200 - 300

280. GEN. ANTHONY MCAULIFFE PRESENTATION WHISKEY DECANTER SET ANTHONY MCAULIFFE (1898 - 1975) American Army general who held Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge, remembered for his reply to a German surrender ultimatum: “Nuts!”. A superlative, fine association relic, McAuliife’s personal travelling whiskey decanter set, presented to him by the officers who served under him at Bastogne. The set is comprised of four triangle-shaped glass decanters, each about 6 1/4” tall with corklined nickel screw-on tops. The four decanters are placed in fitted compartments within a brown circular leather travel case with a stiff leather top which may be secured with the accompanying attached strap. The inside of the cap bears an inscription in gilt letters: “FROM THE OFFICERS AT BASTOGNE”. The top of the cap also bears the recipient’s name in gilt lettering: “MAJ. GEN. A. MCAULIFFE” with two regulation silver general’s stars affixed above. McAuliffe was promoted to the rank of major general in October, 1949, but remained obviously much loved by the men who served under him at the Bulge. An evocative piece that speaks volumes about one of the Army’s toughest officers. $1,000 - 1,500

277. “FLICK YOUR ASHES ON HITLER’S HEARTH” A curious Hitler relic, a solid brass ashtray, 6” x 5 1/2” x 1” tall being a replica of Adolf Hitler’s fireplace at the Berghof. Engraved at top is the legend: “FLICK YOUR ASHES ON HITLER’S HEARTH” with the addition at bottom:”This is an exact copy of the fireplace in Hitler’s former home at Berchtesgaden from which the marble piece inset above is an actual part taken from there one month after V-E Day”. At top is inset a 7/8” x 1/4” piece of brown marble. On the bottom of the ashtray is a printed Certificate of Authenticity signed by two soldiers who recovered the hearth from the drawing room fireplace at the Berghof in June, 1945 while on a “technical war assignment”. Although one signature is worn away, the other is identified as “[Robert?] J. Weathershead, Jr.”. Happily, they did not recover Hitler’s commode... $250 - 350 278. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS WRIST COMPASS An interesting piece of trusted WWII field gear, an original Army Corps of Engineers compass. Measures 56mm diameter with green cotton strap, a Superior Magnet Corp. issue stamped “CORPS OF ENGINEERS US ARMY”. This type of compass was made for wearing on the wrist, keeping the hands free for other tasks. Very good condition, exhibiting but little wear. $75 - 100

281. U.S. NAVY “LIFE BARTER” KIT An exceedingly rare U.S. Navy “life barter” kit, given to Navy pilots to be carried on their person in the vent they had to bale out over unfriendly or unknown territory where the contents of the kit could be traded with locals or unscrupulous enemy soldiers in exchange for the pilot being brought to friendly forces or directed toward freedom. The hard molded black rubber case measures 5 1/2” x 4” opened with five form-fitted compartments within. Included are all of the original trinkets intended for barter, including two ersatz gold rings marked “100%” and bearing Eastern designs, a small charm with an image of a fish, links of ersatz gold chain, and a Swiss-made 21 jewel Milus Instant Date watch with band which is in fine condition and still keeps time. These items match the items found in museum examples of this barter kit. The box is stamped with inventory control number “688”. The box’s waterproofing has browned a bit, but the contents remain in excellent condition. Milus, which only a few years ago learned that it had made these watches, has now reissued the watch in a commemorative edition. $400 - 600

279. BRITISH AMMUNITION BOX British World War I ammunition box, 15 1/2” x 8 1/4” x 11”, solid tongue and groove construction with the solid top screwed in place. The box bears various paper labels, some quite chipped, indicating that the contents include “CORDITE” AND “1000 CARTRIDGES S.A. BALL .303 Inch IN BANDOLIERS”. A wedge-shaped piece of wood slides onto the top of the box and is secured with a metal pin. Within, the box is fully lined in tin and even the “pull tab” which originally sealed the top of the lining is present. Tarred rope carriers on the side of the box are also intact. Very good. $150 - 200

282. U.S. NAVY “LIFE BARTER” KIT An exceedingly rare U.S. Navy “life barter” kit, given to Navy pilots to be carried on their person in the vent they had to bale out over unfriendly or unknown territory where the contents of the kit could be traded with locals or unscrupulous enemy soldiers in exchange for the pilot being brought to friendly forces or directed toward freedom. The hard molded black rubber case measures 5 1/2” x 4” opened with five form-fitted compartments within. Included are all of the original trinkets intended for barter, including two ersatz gold rings marked “100%” and bearing Eastern designs, a small charm with an image of a fish, links of ersatz gold chain, and a Swiss-made 21 jewel Milus Instant Date watch with band which is in fine condition and still keeps time. These items match the items found in museum examples of this barter kit. The box is stamped with inventory control number “698”. The box’s waterproofing has browned a bit, hinge is broken, but the contents remain in excellent condition. Milus, which only a few years ago learned that it had made these watches, has now reissued the watch in a commemorative edition. $400 - 600 283. U.S.M.C. GARMENT BAG World War II era Marine Corps officer’s canvas garment bag, 52” long, 27” wide, bears two large pockets in front with strap closures, a single similar pocket at rear. A cloth tab sewn within accommodates clothes hangers and the bag itself closes likewise close with straps. The entire garment bag can be rolled-up and secured with two straps. Carried by means of a heft leather handle. The owner’s name and particulars “F. K. KULL 061563 LT. USMC” are stenciled on both front and back. Very good. $150 - 200

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284. WEST POINT 10TH INFANTRY PRESENTATION CAVALRY PIN A fine present once gifted to a graduating cadet from West Point, a 14 karat gold collar pin with officer’s crest issued to a member of the Class of 1919 destined to join the 10th Infantry. The pin, made by Bailey, Banks & Biddle, shows crossed ‘03 rifles, a standing pair of swords flanking an artillery shell, and an eagle above the letters “U S M A” which appear in a scroll in relief. Traces of black paint which once highlighted the piece remain evident. In fine condition. The 10th Infantry was mustered out in February, 1919 so this pin may never have reached its intended recipient, or may have been worn by a senior officer when the division was reformed during World War II. $300 - 400 285. RUSSIAN BANNER Ornately embroidered Russian banner, 44” x 60”, bearing gold bullion trim within and fringe, ca. 1940-50. Untranslated. $200 - 300

286. BRONZE BUST OF ADOLF HITLER Full-headed bronze bust of Adolf Hitler on a marble base, 8 1/4” tall overall, a rather sedate pose of Hitler bearing a slight frown. The reverse of the bust is signed by the artist, either “E. Beck” or “F. Beck”. Research shows the sculptor may be Hungarian Fulop O. Beck (18731945) who specialized in medallions, busts, and tombs (!), though there is no concrete evidence that he executed this work. Fine condition. $1,500 - 2,000

287. PROTOTYPICAL HITLER YOUTH KNIFE Most unusual Hitler Youth knife and scabbard, possibly a prototype bearing several characteristics not seen in other examples. The knife’s grips are still firm and well-attached with original rivets, but rivet heads are larger than usual. The blade bears the usual “Blut und Ehre” etching, but in a font usually seen on S.A. and SS items - certainly not on HJ daggers. The blade has been poorly sharpened near its tip, and surprisingly bears no marks of any kind. The scabbard is made of much heavier leather than typical HJ daggers and is of overall sturdier construction. Worthy of inspection. $500 - 600

288. HITLER YOUTH KNIFE WITH SCABBARD Fine example of a Hitler Youth knife, 5 1/2” blade etched “Blut und Ehre!”, checkered black grips with inset Hitler Youth emblem, blade marked “RZM M7/2 1938” indicating date of manufacture. Virtually no damage from sharpening, though blade has just the slightest shimmy from a loosening rivet. Scabbard also present, with unretouched original paint. Overall fine. $200 - 300

289. HITLER YOUTH KNIFE AND SCABBARD Fine condition Hitler Youth knife and scabbard, the knife’s grips still firm and well-attached with original rivets, emblem fine, the blade, clean and sharp but for some nominal running marks, is RZM-marked, maker M7/2, 1937. Scabbard and leather hanger intact, a few chips to paint but no significant dents, in overall fine condition. $250 - 350

290. HITLER YOUTH KNIFE AND SCABBARD Early Hitler Youth knife and scabbard, the knife grip and blade unmarked and with no insignia, tip slightly dented, scabbard bearing diamond-shaped Hitler Youth emblem affixed thereto, leather hanger with snap, original paint. Some flaws, incl. small dent in scabbard tip and paint chips, still quite good. $150 - 200

291. LUFTSCHUTZ CIVIL DEFENSE HELMET German World War II Luftschutz civil defense helmet, black painted two-part “gladiator” style with Luftschutz decal (90%) at front. Rivet construction with four ventilation holes, simple leather liner (torn), string lacing and leather chinstrap, size 56. Marked with the maximum price allowed by the state: eight reichsmarks. $150 - 200

292. GERMAN PARACHUTIST GRAVITY KNIFE German fallschirmjager (parachutist) gravity knife, 10 1/8” open, wood handle, blade marked “SMF SOLINGEN ROSTFREI” with pick properly marked with eagle head and “5”, spring remains very tight, blade opens and closes easily. Handle dinged a bit here and there, blade bears some slight marks from sharpening, still very good. $400 - 500

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293. LUFTWAFFE DAGGER WITH DELUXE HANGERS Fine second model Luftwaffe dagger, scabbard and deluxe hanger. The dagger, bearing an unmarked blade, has a pommel with good detail to the oak leaves and remains bright and clean, with the background darkening excellent, though it does bear a few minor surface dings. The matching crossguard is excellent, with left-facing eagle and pebbling on reverse in good condition. The engraved oak leaves and acorns on the upper quillon arms are better than is usually found. The grip is an attractive ivory color with original wire still quite tight. The blade shows no running marks and just the slightest oxidation, with a good sharp point. The scabbard is an oxidized steel/brown while the bands are an airplane steel gray, the throat secured by a single flush screw. There is a regrettable ding to the scabbard, at about mid-length, but the scabbard is otherwise straight and undamaged. Also present is a deluxe set of hangers, 11” long overall, black with silver bullion trim, RZM marked with “DRGM U. E. 10”. $500 - 700

294. WEHRMACHT OFFICER’S DAGGER AND SCABBARD Good quality uncleaned Eickhorn Wehrmacht officer’s dagger with scabbard, with very dark patination over most surfaces which may not have been cleaned since war’s end. The silvered fittings remain in very good condition: oak leaves and rim of the pommel are fine with no damage evident, crossguard eagle is in perfect condition with all detail crisp and in an exceptional state of preservation, likewise the ferrule is in excellent condition. The mellow orange grip bears a very small chip on the reverse but is otherwise in fine condition. Scabbard has apparently also never been cleaned and has plenty of frosting in protected areas around the throat, edges and the tip. The bands and scabbard are excellent, with no damage evident, the thicker style throat retained by a single flathead screw. The blade is still bright throughout and bears just the slightest oxidation - running marks are absent. Etched with the post-1941 Eickhorn squirrel trademark. $600 - 800 295. MENZ PB SPEZIAL PISTOL GRIP Very rare left hand bakelite grip from one of the rarest pistols of the 1930s, the August Menz PB “Spezial” (also issued under the Theodor Bergmann trade name). The grip is in excellent condition, all original, and is accompanied by the right grip which is regrettably broken. Sold with a copy of an explosive view of the pistol, history, directions for cleaning, etc. $150 - 200

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One of the rarest of all Waffen-SS uniforms

296. WAFFEN-SS JUMP SUIT Likely the rarest of all SS-issued uniform items, a camouflage jump suit issued to an SS-Fallschirmjager Battalion member and intended for use in the event they would jump into action. The suit, printed in SS “pea dot” camo pattern, measures 36” tall with unbacked collar and four button closure. The left and right sides both bear a diagonal slash pocket with zipper leather tab closure at the shoulder, as well as a similar horizontal lower zippered pocket. Also present on both sides is a snap closure which cover three sewn vent holes. At right a broad 7” flap secured with two buttons was intended to secure a pistol or flare gun. A fabric loop is also sewn at rear. The sleeves bear ends which are lined with elasticized fabric with a snap closure, constructed to keep wind from inflating the garment during a parachute descent. Within, the garment is unlined and unmarked except for three numerical inspectors’ marks. A drawstring is integrated into the garment to fit it more closely to the wearer. Some oxidation to the snaps, else in near unissued condition. While SS camouflage jackets, gloves, and other items remain obtainable, some items are simply no longer extant - this may be one of the the last example of this jump suit available. $20,000 - 30,000

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297. WAFFEN-SS PANZER “KOMBINATION” COVERALL Very rare Waffen-SS clothing item, the Panzer “Kombi”, a reversible camouflage coverall first issued in 1943 to tank crews as their typical black uniforms failed to provide any camouflage advantage when the men were outside their vehicles. Additionally, it was soon learned that the presence of soldiers in black uniforms alerted the enemy that an armored unit was in the area. The reversible step-in coverall bears Fall and Spring camo patterns in Plane Tree No. 2 and Oak Leaf patterns, with six original “glass” buttons securing the front, the lowest button hole at a diagonal, one button missing on the oak leaf pattern side. Each side bears two deep chest pockets and two waist slash pockets (lined in a green herringbone twill), and all pockets are likewise secured by buttons. Shoulders bear loops and buttons for shoulder boards. The suit, cut generously so that it could be worn over the traditional black uniform, bears an elastic at the waist and cotton drawstrings at the bottom of each pant leg. Size approx. 38-40 (U.S.). In superb condition, showing only the lightest wear and a fine item for display. One of only a handful of such suits extant. $12,000 - 15,000

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298. GROSSDEUTSCHLAND DIVISION OFFICER’S TUNIC Especially rare solid black wool tunic issued to an oberleutnant serving in the Grossdeutschland Division of the Wehrmacht. The tunic bears pink edged collar with silver-washed totenkopfs indicating that the owner was a panzer crew member or commander. The sewn-in shoulder boards each bear brass Grossdeutschland emblems and one pip each, appropriate pink base and are strongly backed. The chest bear a flat wire eagle emblem, and the left sleeve bears two silver tank destruction badges sewn thereto. A “Grossdeutschland” cufftitle has been sewn 7” up from the end of the right sleeve. An Iron Cross ribbon is looped through the top buttonhole The tunic, clearly made late in the war, bears an ink stamp of maker Georg Stark Dillishauser and from its construction may have been intended for overseas use only. A really rare tunic from a most desirable division, showing no damage and ideal for display. $10,000 - 12,000

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Relics of a member of the 82nd Airborne who jumped during “Market Garden”

299. JUMP JACKET AND RELICS OF PVT. ROBERT LEE HENRY, 82ND AIRBORNE A fine assemblage of items related to the service of Pvt. Robert Lee Henry III, a Floridian who at the age of 18 enlisted at Ft. McPherson, Atlanta in the 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment, a component of the 82nd Airborne which came to be known as the “Red Devils”. The lot, obtained with a notarized letter of provenance from Henry’s son describing the jacket, includes a variety of material. Present are: Khaki jump jacket with regulation belt, zippered front closure with four front pockets, each bearing double snap button closure, double snap button wrist closures, pleateded rear, with several holes, small stains and wear entirely consistent with use in the field; a roughly 3’ x 1 1/2” section of camouflaged rayon, presumably a parachute remnant; brown bakelite Army wrist compass and strap, maker Taylor; Henry’s 508th PIR “challenge coin” bearing his name and serial number; two dog tags and chain; his ribbon bar with three bronze stars and presidential unit citation pin; silver Combat Infantry Badge; 82nd Airborne shoulder insignia, Purple Heart, Good Conduct and European Theater medals (two named); jump wings with combat star; infantry and U.S. collar pins, what appears to be a section of helmet chinstrap; and a non-regulation Schrade automatic knife. Also present is a 6” x 8” repro of a wartime portrait of Henry in uniform, as well as his son’s signed and notraized letter of provenance. It mentions that Henry: “...jumped into Holland during the war...” and bears multiple images of the jacket. An excellent grouping, very difficult to assemble! The 508th PIR was activated on 20 October 1942 at Camp Blanding, Fl. and Pvt. Henry enlisted nine months later. The unit participated in Operation Overlord, jumping into Normandy to capture Sainte-Mère-Église, and secure crossings at the Merderet River near La Fiere and Chef-du-Pont. It suffered nearly 50% casualties. The regiment also participated in Operation Market Garden, during which it established and maintained a defensive position over 12,000 yards long and held a key bridge in Nijmegen. $3,000 - 4,000

300. WAFFEN-SS FELDGENDARMERIE JACKET Extremely rare Waffen-SS Field Gendarmerie camouflage jacket in fall “pea dot” camouflage pattern, 23” tall, button-on shoulderboards with appropriate orange piping and grey pebbled buttons, the cotton jacket six similar buttons attached to the garment with metal eyes. Four pockets with straight flaps are evident, two on each side, all unlined. A Feldgendarmerie patch, original to the garment, is sewn to the left sleeve, and both sleeves bear button closures. At one time, the jacket may have had a button-in lining, as three plastic buttons appear at the inside neckline. Within, the jacket is unlined, but suspender hooks, an interior pocket, and triple ventilation holes are all present. A single ventilation slit is present at rear. In near unissued condition. SS-Feldgendarmerie controlled rear areas but also conducted counter-insurgency and extermination operations with einsatzgruppen against Jews, partisans and those deemed to be “enemies of the Reich”. These SS units had a severe reputation for being strict enforcers of military law. Nicknamed Kopf Jäger (“Head Hunters”), they also tracked down and punished those deemed to be deserters. $10,000 - 12,000

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301. 44TH REICHS-GRENADIER DIVISION “HOCH UND DEUTSCHMEISTER” OFFICER’S TUNIC Rare M36 tunic from a surviving officer of the doomed 44th Reichs-Grenadier Division “Hoch und Deutschmeister”, worn by an infantry oberleutnant who possibly escaped death at Stalingrad to join his reformed division. The four pleated-pocket wool tunic bears six original buttons and shoulderboards which each bear the insignia known as the “Hoch und Deutschmeister Kreuz”, a small blue Maltese cross edged in gold, with a Reichsadler and banner in the center reading “STALINGRAD”. The boards are sewn to the tunic, and each bears a single brass pip (oxidized). Silver bullion chest eagle is original to the garment, and a three-position ribbon bar which includes an Iron Cross with Swords. Within, the garment is fully lined in gray rayon, with the sleeves lined in a striped cotton. In overall excellent condition, no mothing or other damage apparent. After its near total destruction at Stalingrad, the reformed division was sent to the Gothic Line in Italy where it fought at Monte Cassino before being shifted to Hungary. $1,500 - 2,000

His secret negotiations with the Resistance saved La Rochelle from destruction

302. TUNIC OF VICE ADMIRAL ERNST SCHIRLITZ, THE “SAVIOR” OF LA ROCHELLE Tunic of Kriegsmarine Vizeadmiral ERNST SCHIRLITZ, navy blue wool with bullion chest eagle, single star on each sleeve, and appropriate vice admiral’s sleeve stripes and seven buttons (two under lapels), all original to the garment. Vent closed at rear. Iron Cross ribbon hand-sewn at top buttonhole. The tunic is fully-lined in black satin and bears two interior pockets, sleeves are lined in a striped cotton fabric. Maker’s label “Wilh. Sartorius Helmarshausen” sewn at neckline. Left inside pocket bears the admiral’s identification label with ink ID and date of manufacture: “Vzadm. E. Schirlitz Nr. 33 29.4.43”. A small superficial stain between shoulders on back of tunic, else very good to fine condition. ERNST SCHIRLITZ (1893-1978) had a distinguished history in the Kriegsmarine. After serving aboard heavy cruisers and airships during World War I, Schirlitz served aboard liners between the wars. When war broke out again, he first served as a training officer before being placed in charge of sea fortifications in Brittany. In March, 1943 he was named commanding admiral of the Atlantic Coast and in August, 1944 he was given the additional duty of Commandant - Fortress La Rochelle with explicit instructions by Hitler to destroy the submarine pens, fortifications, and the city itself before surrendering. Yet only a month later, Schirlitz began secret negotiations with French naval commander Hubert Meyer to spare the city. They concluded a pact preventing the city and the submarine base from being blown up and allowing the Allies to supply La Rochelle’s civilian residents with food and medicine. Schirlitz kept his word that his men would not benefit. He finally surrendered the “fortress” on the day Berlin fell and was unjustly jailed and tried for war crimes. Meyer rushed to his defense and saw that Schirlitz was acquitted. Regardless, the admiral fell on hard times, taking menial jobs for the rest of his life. The two died within two months of each other .$2,500 - 3,500

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303. GERMAN “AZAD HIND” LIASON OFFICER’S TUNIC Very rare German infantry oberleutnant’s M44 tropical tunic, its owner once serving as a liason to the Azad Hind (“Free India”) provisional government of India. The khaki “duck” tunic bears sewn-in shoulder boards each bearing one brass pip. The collar tabs are of an unusual construction, possibly theater-made, while the bullion chest eagle, original to the garment, is regulation. A rare embroidered “Freies Indien” patch has been applied to the left sleeve. The short vent at the rear of the tunic has been hand-stitched closed, and the two top pockets have had small snaps added at each end to further secure them. Within, the jacket bears two chest pockets and is only partially lined at top. A rare tunic in otherwise very good condition. Azad Hind sought to organize Indian soldiers to fight the British in an effort to free India of British rule. Indian forces supported by the Japanese fought the British at Imphal, and the Germans trained a regiment of 2,000 Indians at Frankenburg. The experiment was a bust, as the Free French defeated them in battle and many attempted to flee to Switzerland. Other were trained as commandos, parachuted into Iran, and were intercepted before achieving any results. $1,200 - 1,500 304. WEHRMACHT PIONEER OFFICER’S TUNIC AND PANTS Wehrmacht Pioneer lieutenant’s M36 tunic and pants, six button front with four pleated scalloped pockets, sewn-in Pioneer bullion shoulder boards, bullion collar tabs, and bullion chest eagle, with Iron Cross ribbon sewn to lapel. The lining is in excellent condition save for a torn seam in right armpit. Pocket ink marked “M.F. 3./204”. Tapered wool pants also present, with suspender tabs, waist tightening tab, button fly and lace closures at bottom, just above buttoned fabric closures. Overall an excellent early Pioneer’s uniform. $1,000 - 1,200

305. LUFTWAFFE FORESTRY SERVICE TUNIC A mostly unusual tunic, a Luftwaffe forestry service tunic (informal), green cotton canvas with forest green felt-lined collar, the green sewn-in shoulder boards on black backing bearing one lieutenant’s pip each. The collar bears silver bullion piping with Forestry Service tabs in black, as was the case with Luftwaffe uniforms. A green cloth-backed bullion Luftwaffe eagle is sewn to the right chest. The tunic bears four buttons in the front, with four slightly-scalloped buttoned pockets. Shows moderate field wear. Rare. $750 - 1,000 306. GERMAN NURSE’S UNIFORM Complete World War II German nurse’s uniform, includes blue and white striped skirt with button-front closure and two-button sleeves, tie-on belt, embroidered “Deutsches Rotes Kreuz” armband, and white tieon bonnet bearing embroidered red cross. Three small stains at front of garment, else very good. Scarce. $500 - 700

307. GERMAN GENDARMERIE LIEUTENANT’S UNIFORM German police gendarmerie oberleutnant’s (lieutenant) wool tunic, four pockets, bearing gendarmerie patch on left sleeve and appropriate collar tabs and shoulder boards. The lining bears a few hand-stitched repairs, but is otherwise very good. Jacket is worn a bit, especially at creases and possibly due simply to storage. Pants are present, in much better condition, orange-piped (as is tunic), button fly, with tightening straps. Two pieces. $750 - 1,000 308. GERMAN WORLD WAR I GUARD’S GREATCOAT Guard’s formal greatcoat ca. 1918, full-length with six copper-plated buttons and buttoned rear vent, shoulders bear epaulets bearing a fancifully embroidered crown with the intertwined letters “F R 1” in red thread. Fully lined, no maker’s label. Worth researching. $500 - 600

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309. SS GENERAL’S VISOR CAP Schutzstaffel (SS) general’s visor hat by EREL in superior condition. The visor bears perfectly-fitted braided aluminum piping as worn by those holding the rank of Oberführer through Reichsführer-SS. The upper hat body is made of a high quality tricot material, and the black velvet cap band is fully intact with no trace of mothing. The totenkopf and eagle insignia are high-quality silver washed, though the eagle is tarnished and the totankopf has lost much of its plating. Both appear original to the visor - no other puncture holes are evident externally, and both were apparently affixed to the visor prior to the lining being sewn. The aluminum chinecords are secured to the hat by appropriately-marked silver pebbled aluminum buttons. The black vulcan fiber visor bears some marks to the top surface, the underside is worn a bit revealing the “checkerboard” pattern. The brown leather sweatbend bears a gold-embossed “EREL” maker’s stamped diamond-shaped celluloid remains intact. The hat is fully lined in cream-colored rayon which has been sweat or damp-stained. The lining, sweatband and sewing are totally unmolested. Very rare, and in better condition than is often seen. $13,000 - 15,000

310. SS-EM NON-COM VISOR CAP SS-EM visor cap, ca. 1936-38, size 56. Black wool body with white piping with no moth or stain damaging whatsoever, black leather chinstrap has lost its lustre but glossy painted side buttons are fine, vulkanfiber visor bears a few tiny scuffs but is otherwise also very good and properly marked “SS RZM” on the underside. Lining and leather sweatband are very good, as is celluloid and BeVo quality control label beneath. Beneath sweatband the appropriate SS - RZM tag indicates that the visor was made by manufacturer “148”. Nickel-silver fittings show appropriate wear, lining is completely intact and untouched - a much better than usually seen. $3,000 - 4,000

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311. WAFFEN-SS M43 WINTER CAP Scarce Waffen-SS M43 winter cap, coarse green wool with two metal button flap, similar wool eagle and totenkopf patch sewn to front of cap at the time of manufacture. The sides of the interior lining are constructed of a finely woven lighter green fabric (somewhat moth-damaged), while the top of the lining is an Italian herringbone twill. Ink-stamped within with size 58 and: “Wi. St. Ost.”. Visor is fully intact and unbroken. A later example. $600 - 800 312. HERMANN GÖRING DIVISION VISOR CAP Scarce visor cap issued to a member of the Hermann Göring Division, a size 56 1/2 charcoal grey wool cap with ribbed black side band, patent leather chin strap affixed with round black buttons, and appropriate cockade and Luftwaffe eagle devices. The black vulkan visor is in fine condition, still bearing the oilskin edging. The hat bears a complete rhomboid celluloid covering maker’s name G. A. HOFFMANN Berlin, with year of manufacture “1938” stamped within. The hat is lined in a light ochre cotton with a leather sweatband (torn in places). The underside of the left side of the sweatband bears an ink stamp: “II Rgt. Gen. Göring 7./Batterie I”. In near fine condition, with no mothing or stains visible. $2,500 - 3,000

313. OFFICER’S WINTER M43 FIELD CAP WITH JAGER PIN German officer’s M43 winter field cap, bears silver braided piping denoting officer’s rank encircling the top, a trapezoid BeVo insignia sewn to the front, pebbled silver finish buttons, and a silverfinish Jager device pinned to the left ear flap. Within, the geen rayon lining bears a size 57 ink stamp and obvious perspiration stains. Officers’ caps of this type are not often encountered. $2,500 - 3,000

314. RUSSIAN ARMY OF LIBERATION (ROA) GENERAL’S VISOR CAP Excessively rare Russian Army of Liberation (“Vlasov Army”) green wool visor cap, gold piping at brim with ends fitting perfectly, red piping about the top and bottom of the darker green side panel, gold color braided chinstrap, and a Russian cockade at front with German eagle insignia pinned above. Lined in burgundy cotton and untouched, celluloid liner protector intact and in good condition, pins from insignia appear to have never been moved or re-bent. Brown leather perforated sweatband is likewise in good condition, but could use some cleaning to remove old mold stains. Apparently a recent trunk find with moth damage at front and remains of that attack still evident, insignificant mothing at one small spot on top of cap. A rarer cap, as most of these caps (and their owners) failed to survive the war. $1,500 - 2,000

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315. KRIEGSMARINE OFFICER’S TROPICAL VISOR CAP Rare Kriegsmarine officer’s tropical visor cap, size 57, khaki cotton twill with celluloid oak leaf wreath cockade (to avoid oxidation), two-pin eagle, and cello chin strap affixed to matching “anchor” buttons. Red cotton lining with some type of rain barrier stitched within, with a production control number stamped on lining. Perforated leather sweat band is excellent. But for a slight ripple in the brim, this cap is in excellent condition, no stains nor holes, and would be a fine addition to any collection. $1,500 - 2,000

316. ALLGEMEINE SS ENLISTED MAN’S VISOR CAP Very early Allgemeine SS enlisted man’s visor, a wool “saddleback” version with white piping, black vulkan fiber visor with beige underside, and black leather chinstrap with round black buttons. The cap bears first pattern eagle and skull insignia not removed by us and apparently original to the cap. The 1 5/8” brown leather sweatband is completely intact and is ink-stamped: “Nr. Da. Nr. 1405”. The celluloid shield sewn to the dark brown liner bears gold printed SS runes with the hat’s size, 57 3/4”. A white cloth RZM tag is sewn between the liner and sweatband reading in part: “DIENSTMUTZE fur SS Hersteller 122...”. But for a few tiny scattered moth nips, this rare, early visor is in excellent condition. $1,200 - 1,500

317. WAFFEN-SS OFFICER’S M37 “CRUSHER” VISOR CAP Early Waffen-SS officer’s “crusher” cap, field gray wool body with black side band, silver twist cord braiding at top and on either side of side band, lacking chin strap as usual, with stiff black leath visor. The braiding ends meet with a perfect fit. Eagle and totenkopf insignia appear entirely original to the cap, have not been removed, and their prongs bear only one bend each. The lining beneath each insignia bears no additional holes. The leather sweatband and lightly-padded liner show little use and are unmolested, and the rhomboid celluloid label holder is intact. No printed maker’s mark is evident. Except for the remnants of a few tiny spiderwebs on the wool outside of the cap, some light black spotting on the sweatband, and a few negligible dings to the top of the visor, the cap appears virtually unused. A fine example. $1,500 - 2,000

318. WEHRMACHT GENERAL’S VISOR CAP Wehermacht general’s visor, field gray wool body with dark green sides, twisted gold bullion piping absolutely uniform in width with ends meeting perfectly. Vulkan fiber visor gray in color on underside with typical “checkerboard” patter, oak leaf wreath, cockade and eagle insignia in excellent condition, not removed by us but obviously long-attached to this cap. Gold-washed buttons holding chinstrap apprear unmarked, possibly private manufacture, chinstrap a bit loose with larger knots showing a little wear, else very good. Gray rayon liner and celluloid protector are intact and appear untouched and undamaged but for light perspiration stains, gray leather ventilated sweatband shows just the slightest wear. Paper size 56 label present under the celluloid. No maker’s mark is apparent. Obviously a visor made by a smaller contractor. Just the smallest bit of mothing to the top of the cap , else a little brushing and sprucing up to remove spiderweb remnants and the owner will have a fine specimen. $1,500 - 2,000

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319. STURMABTEILUNG GENERAL’S KEPI Sturmabteilung (S.A.) general’s kepi, size 57, a superb original example and completely intact and untouched, the exterior excellent with only a small smudge to the top of the visor while the body, sides, and trim are fine. The eagle bears only a slight bit of wear and is absolutely original to the kepi. Within, the celluloid is just a bit soiled as is lining and sweatband, but otherwise very good. “S.A.TUCHMUETZE” tag present, maker “67”. A fine example for display. $1,500 - 2,000 320. TENO NCO’S VISOR CAP Scarce TeNo (“Technische Nothilfe”) noncom’s visor cap, gray wool body with black side panels, trimmed with bands of black and silver bullion piping which is of even width and ends meet perfectly. Unique TeNo laurel leaf and eagle insignia are affixed to the front of the cap and in good condition. Black three-piece chinstrap (a bit puckered) and black finished metal buttons are present, and original vulkan fiber visor “checkerboard” pattern on underside remains nearly unblemished. The gray perforated sweatband is untorn, though could use cleaning, gray lining appears untouched, and the celluloid protector is present and undamaged. No maker’s marking is evident, though a slip with the owner’s (indistinguishable) name is present under the celluloid. Part of the bottom rear edge of the hat is very worn, and there is significant mothing to the front of the cap. Overall, the cap could use a little bit of care as it shows the effects of long-time storage, but still a very good example and estimated accordingly. $750 - 1,000 321. S.A. MILITARY POLICE VISOR CAP S.A. Feld Jaeger visor cap, olive green wool with white side trim, two white painted metal vent holes on each side, three-piece leather chin strap, gold insignia includes first pattern eagle. Orange-brown satin lining with leather sweatband (one tear), with sewn-in RZM tag: “SA TUCHMUETZE Herst. 125...”, ink-stamped size 58. In excellent condition, with only one small spot of rust on one chin strap button, tiny moth hole on underside of hat rim, else in virtually unused condition. $1,000 - 1,500

322. NSDAP GAULEITUNG LEADER’S VISOR Scarce NSDAP gauleitung leader’s visor cap, woven wool body with orange piping denoting the owner’s rank, with light brown side bands. The double braided chinstrap with gold buttons is present and unflawed,as are the oak leaf and cockade and eagle insignia which are entirely original to the cap. Within, the hat is lined in two shades of yellow-gold fabric, likely cotton/rayon, and the celluloid liner protector is present. The untouched liner is stamped with the hat size 59, an inspector’s number, and with the district’s stamp: “Property of Ordensburg Sonthofen”. The top of the hat bears a light stain which could likely be easily cleaned. A “gauleitung” was a large, politically-relevant district, and its leaders were held in high esteem. Ordensburg Sonthofen served as a training facility for Nazi leaders and as a military barracks. $1,000 - 1,200

323. LUFTWAFFE IDENTIFIED FALLSCHIRMJAGER VISOR CAP M1935 Luftwaffe EM/NCO visor cap identified to Edgar Zimmermann, member of Fallschirm-Jager Regiment 2. The cap’s gray wool body and black band are excellent, as is the yellow piping which bears just a bit of wear the the front. Chin strap is a bit loose but fully intact, insignia are correct although the eagle was at one time replaced with a later 1942-43 version. Maker’s stamp, Christian Haug, Berlin, is worn but legible, celluloid is gone. The leather sweatband is very good, and on its reverse is stamped in ink seperately with Zimmermann’s name and address, the name of his regiment, and the date 1939 which appears beneath some illegible text. Size 55 1/2. Overall very good, and a scarce piece being from an identified member of a paratroop regiment. $800 - 1,200 324. LUFTWAFFE ADMINISTRATION NCO’S VISOR Luftwaffe administration NCO’s visor cap, field grey wool body with black ribbed side band, patent leather chin strap with round black buttons, and proper oak leaf cluster/cockade/wings and Luftwaffe eagle insignia. The visor is composed of an unusual thin, flexible vulvanized fiber but lacking the “checkerboard” design beneath as is commonly seen. Wide green piping indicates that this visor’s owner was employed in the administration of the Luftwaffe. Within, the cap is lined in blue rayon and bears a light gray sweatbrand printed with the maker’s name “Hertsauer” on the reverse. The celluloid liner protector remains intact, and the liner appears to be undisturbed. The rear of the body of the cap has been abraded and there are four or five small holes thereat, but properly displayed these flaws would not be noticeable. Overall a very good piece. $500 - 600

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325. WEHRMACHT PANZER NON-COM’S “CRUSHER” CAP Scarce Wehrmacht enlisted man’s “crusher” cap from a soldier who has served in a Panzer division. The gray-green wool cap with black side bands bears pink piping indicating its owners attachment to a Panzer unit. BeVo oak leaf cluster and cockade and eagle insignia have been carefully stitched to the front of the cap, just above the stiff black leather visor. As usual, no chin strap is present. The dark green lining, lacking celluloid, is untouched, and the brown leather sweatband is completely intact. The cap bears no markings but for an ink size 57 stamp withing and the owner’s initials “KR” attached to the sweatband. The cap, in storage for years, bears a few traces of spiderwebs and just two tiny areas of thinning of cloth at the top due to mothing, but is in otherwise very good condition - just a little care will bring it up to mint condition. A superior piece of headgear. $800 - 1,200

326. M38 GERMAN FALLSCHIRMJAEGER HELMET M38 German Fallschirmjaeger (paratrooper) helmet, single decal (left) 90% intact, in light camo colors of green, brown and tan. The liner is secured with four spanner bolts, all secure and apparently untouched. The liner is likewise in excellent condition, tight fitting and completely original to the helmet. The seven black foam pads amd foam top liner still retain flexibility, and the brown leather liner is supple and untorn, with tight stitching. Liner is ink-stamped with size 57, also manufacturing details: “Baumuster: Heisler, Berlin C2 Hersteller: F. W. Muller jr.”. Y-shaped chinstrap present, in good condition, also with stitching complete. A fine example of one of the rarest German helmets. $3,500 - 4,500

327. OVERSIZED STURMABTEILUNG (S.A.) HEADQUARTERS FLAG Rare, very large Sturmabteilung (S.A.) headquarters flag, 130” x 80”, made of separate pieces of cotton with white stitched details, believed to have been taken from the S.A.’s Munich headquarters where it had flown in front of the building. The flag bears numerous professional repairs, no doubt made during its service life, some scattered stains from storage, otherwise very good condition. S.A. flags are not often encountered; those of this size are almost never seen. $5,000 - 6,000

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with dimensions, eagle, and “M” denoting naval use. The flag bears some loss along an edge and several holes in the body, most noticeable a 5” circular hole which seems entirely inconsistent with typical insect, rodent, or mechanical damage, leaving battle damage a possibility. Some stains here and there - a really genuine item. $600 - 800

328. REICHSLUFTSCHUTZBUND FLAG Reichsluftschutzbund flag, 40” x 56”, an outdoor flag and double-sided with pattern printed on one side and printed on a separate piece of cloth and sewn to the reverse of the flag as well, reinforced at corners with additional cloth corners sewn along the hoist which also bears rope ties at corners. Maker’s label “Fahnenrichter Koeln” sewn at one end of hoist. Scattered small moth holes, else very good. The Reichsluftschutzbund (State Air Protection Corps) was a paramilitary organization founded in the 1933 as a branch of the German Aviation Ministry. The group’s first function was to serve as Air Defense Crews and it maintained a system of paramilitary ranks similar to that of the S.A. During World War II, the Reichluftschutzbund provided air defense support manning anti-aircraft emplacements. $350 - 450

332. NSDAP HANGING BANNER Enormous hanging NSDAP banner, approx. 25 feet long, 53 inches wide, cotton construction, with a full size circular white field and black swastika composed of separate sections of fabric sewn at center. The banner bears a hanging loop at one end. This banner was likely intended for use at an outdoor rally or was at one time suspended from a building, although it was certainly not meant for an extended period of display. A few tiny holes are evident near the hanging loop, else in near fine condition. This is the first such example of this banner we have encountered. $500 - 700

329. WOMEN’S R.A.D. PENNANT Pennant for the Reichsarbeitsdienst der weiblichen Jungend (State Labor Service for Young Women), a large double sided pennant, a high quality fine cotton/rayon body, 1.25 x 2.38 m. (4.1 x 7.8 feet), printed mirror images on either side, heavy doubled-over canvas hoist with rope loops, reinforced zig-zag stitched tail. No faults, strong colors, virtually mint condition. Much rarer than the regular RAD pennant, $300 - 400

333. SECOND DIVISION PARADE FLAG Beautiful satin-like twosided parade flag from the 2nd Infantry Division, likely used between the two world wars, 66” x 44”, bearing extensive embroidery featuring the division’s Indian head emblem. Lettering on one side reads: “Second Division A.E.F. 1917-1919” while the other side lists some of the division’s bloody engagements during World War I: “Chateau Thierry Saint Mihiel Soissons Mont Blanc Meuse Argonne”. The gold-fringed flag bears a 3” square area of light waterstaining near one edge, but is otherwise fine. $300 - 400

330. GERMAN VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION FLAG German vehicle identification flag, 37” x 73”, bearing an oversize swastika made of separate sections of fabric on one side only, with four grommets attached at corners in order to secure the flag to the vehicle. These flags were most commonly used on armored vehicles at the front so that they would not be mistaken as enemy vehicles from the air. A few very scattered small moth holes, else very good to fine. $200 - 300

334. NSDAP/SA BANNER FLAG Large NSDAP/SA flag, 110” x 44 3/4”, quality cotton three-piece construction with hemp hangers at top and bottom of the fly, folded black cloth comprising the swastika which has been sewn to the circular white background which in turn has been stitched to the red field. A few age faults include some discoloration to the white field, a small tear in the body, and a few tears to the top edge, still quite good. $150 - 200

331. KRIEGSMARINE FLAG WITH POSSIBLE BATTLE DAMAGE German World War II Kriegsmarine battle flag, 119” x 74 1/4” (220 x 335cm), a printed design with reinforced hoist, stenciled along the hoist with maker’s name: “Fahnen-Kreisel” and “Reichskriegfl.”

335. CASED ORDER OF AZAD HIND 2ND CLASS STAR WITHOUT SWORDS Cased Order of Azad Hind “Hero of India” (“Vir-e-Hind”) Second Class with ribbon bar and case. The Azad Hind decorations were instituted by Subhas Chandra Bose while in Germany, initially for Azad Hind Legion, to be awarded for gallantry in the field of battle. Both Indians and Germans were eligible for the decorations. The Vir-e-Hind (“Warrior of India”) was the 2nd Class Star and third in order, without swords, for non-combat awards. Manufacturer “Rudolf Souval Wien VII Str. D. Julikaempfer, 28” and so marked on interior of case. Three piece, slightly convexed, die struck, alloy construction merit award with nickel/silver plated, frosty, silvery/white washed and fire gilt finishes. The award is in the form of an eight point, ribbed, sunburst pattern with a central medallion with the embossed profile of a lion’s head on a subtly pebbled background field, encompassed by block Latin script, “Azad Hind”, (Indian Independence), with laurel leaf clusters to the top and bottom. The smooth, convexed, frosty, silvery/white washed reverse of the award has a raised, soldered on medal loop and ribbon suspension ring intact and the award comes complete with a roughly 18cm long, 40mm wide ribbed rayon ribbon in the Indian national colors of green, white and orange. The reverse of the award also has a central medallion with the embossed manufacturer’s name and location, “Rudolf Souval Wien VII”. The award comes housed in its original cardboard and wood construction presentation case with a simulated, finely grained, tan leather covering. The fold back top lid has a staggered, bar hinge to the reverse and an alloy, folding closure clip to the obverse. Both the hinge and the closure clip still function. The center of the top lid has an impressed, gilt, profile of a lion’s head. The exterior bottom of the case has a simulated, grained, black leather covering. The interior bottom of the case has a purple flock, lining with a sunburst pattern recess for the award and a rectangular recess for the ribbon. The interior top of the case is lined in white satin with the black printed, manufacturer’s name and location, “Rudolf Souval Wien VII Str. D. Julikaempfer, 28”, in block, Latin script. The case is in overall very good condition with light chafing wear to the exterior. Very seldom encountered, cased award with all the components in overall very good condition. $1,200 - 1,500

336. 1939 SPANGE TO THE IRON CROSS, FIRST CLASS Scarce 1939 Spange to the Iron Cross, First Class, pinback, unmarked, of tombak metal. In the original presentation case with silver emblem on top cover. Fine condition. As it was possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross, a special clasp was designed which typically was attached to the 1914 Iron Cross medal ribbon beneath a tunic button. $500 - 700

337. SAAR CASED MEDAL Likely unique cased Saar medal, 3 3/4” x 5 3/4” bronze showing the imperial German eagle clutching a wreath of oak leaves encircling a German cross with a banner beneath reading: “1918 1935 SAAR”. This medal is presented within a custom-fitted case covered in light brown leather with gilt trim, closed with a small ivory pin which passes through a loop of leather. A museum acquisition number has been painted on the reverse of the medal and the case. This certainly was not an item produced in quantity due to its high quality. Said to have been presented to Adolf Hitler, though there is no provenance to support this claim. $700 - 900

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345. IRON CROSS “PATTERN” EXAMPLE Original “pattern” example for a World War II Iron Cross, steel, 45cm. sq., bearing an image of the face of an Iron Cross in relief with a small cord and “official” lead seal attached. The purpose of this pattern is unknown - perhaps it could have been prepared as a standard pattern to be used by medal manufacturers? Very good, and worthy of a bit of research. $200 - 300

338. GEN. CHARLES D. W. CANHAM’S ORDER OF THE CROWN (1901 - 1963) American general, his 116th Infantry was chosen as the first to land at Omaha beach on D-Day. Shortly after hitting the beach, Canham was shot through the wrist, and refusing evacuation, he moved his men off Omaha and inland. He led the 8th Division to take Brest. During surrender negations, German lieutenant general HermannBernhard Ramcke demanded to know the lower ranking Canham’s credentials. Canham pointed to the dirty and tired American soldiers he had brought with him to witness the surrender and said, “These are my credentials.” A scarce medal with a fine association, Canham’s Belgian Order of the Crown, Knight Class with sash and hanger. During the Second World War, the Order of the Crown was authorized to Allied military personnel who had helped to liberate Belgium from Nazi Germany occupation forces, and was awarded only by royal decree. The cross is accompanied by the originals Fisch & Cie. case (broken). Some tarnish, else very good. Of course, Canham’s 8th Infantry saw much action in Belgium while en route to the Hurtgen Forest. Ex: an estate sale of Canham’s belongings to our consignor. $600 - 700

346. LUFTWAFFE SHOULDER BOARDS Pair of Luftwaffe captain’s shoulder boards, silver bullion on yellow felt backing, two pips, with button attachments. In fine condition. $300 - 400

347. S.A. SPORTS BADGE FOR WAR WOUNDED Rare S.A. Sports Badge for War Wounded, a bronze-covered zinc medal depicting an upwardspointing sword before a swastika, all encircled by a wreath of oak leaves with what appears to be a rune at bottom. Maker-marked M1/52 for Deschler & Sohn, bearing a slightly atypical catch plate, but hinge, detail, and finishing in accordance with known examples. overall fine condition. The SA Sports Badge for War Wounded was a rare variation on the standard SA sports badge. This badge was designed to encourage badly wounded soldiers to regain their physical fitness. The recovering soldier had to complete a series of sports activities in order to qualify for the badge. $500 - 700

339. GEN. CHARLES D. W. CANHAM’S UNIFORM INSIGNIA (1901 1963) American general, his 116th Infantry was chosen as the first to land at Omaha beach on D-Day. Shortly after hitting the beach, Canham was shot through the wrist, and refusing evacuation, he moved his men off Omaha and inland. He led the 8th Division to take Brest. During surrender negations, German lieutenant general HermannBernhard Ramcke demanded to know the lower ranking Canham’s credentials. Canham pointed to the dirty and tired American soldiers he had brought with him to witness the surrender and said, “These are my credentials.” A fine lot of 14 insignia and pins once belonging to Gen. Canham, includes three 116th Infantry pins, a Presidential Unit Citation ribbon with Oak Leaf (pinback), four infantry eagle sterling collar pins, his American Campaign Medal, his American Defense Medal, his European Campaign Medal, his National Defense Medal, and two 29th Infantry shoulder patches. Overall fine. Ex: an estate sale of Canham’s belongings to our consignor. $500 - 700

348. GERMAN P.O.W.’S MEDAL GROUP A great grouping of seven medals and insignia once owned by Wehrmacht Feldwebel (Sergeant) Heinrich Erich Kurtze, who served in the Wehrmacht from October 1, 1940, in the Russian campaigns, until his capture by the British on Feb. 22, 1945. Present are Kurtze’s Iron Cross, First Class (screw-back, unmarked), Infantry Assault Badge in Silver, Eastern Front Medal, War Service Medal with Ribbon, Wound Badge in Black, and army visor wreath. The seventh item is perhaps the most interesting: a P.O.W.made Wound Badge in Silver made of a pewter-like metal, with a crude cotter pin arrangement used to affix it to a uniform. Also present is Kurtze’s British Certificate of Registration, an identification booklet, 12pp. 12mo., Feb. 25, 1948, picturing Kurtze and signed by him. It denotes his army service, occupation, and release from P.O.W. status in order to obtain agricultural employment. On Oct. 16, 1948 Kurtze married a British woman and his residency became permanent. There is also an undated letter from Kurtze’s daughter mentioning his combat duty in Russia, his war wounds, and the fact that he carried shrapnel in his body until his dying day. Finally, four reprint photos of Kurtze are present, as a soldier and prisoner. Very good. $600 - 800

340. GEN. CHARLES D. W. CANHAM’S YANGTZE SERVICE MEDALS (1901 - 1963) American general, his 116th Infantry was chosen as the first to land at Omaha beach on D-Day. Shortly after hitting the beach, Canham was shot through the wrist, and refusing evacuation, he moved his men off Omaha and inland. He led the 8th Division to take Brest. During surrender negations, German lieutenant general Hermann-Bernhard Ramcke demanded to know the lower ranking Canham’s credentials. Canham pointed to the dirty and tired American soldiers he had brought with him to witness the surrender and said, “These are my credentials.” Lot of three Yangtze Service Medals awarded to Canham during his service in Shanghai supporting landing operations in the Yangtze Valley. All three medals have their original ribbons, the first being the original issue full size medal, bears medal no. 4880 engraved on rim, the second medal a later recast, likely 1940s, the third being Canham’s original informal miniature Yangtze Service Medal. All three in very good to fine condition. Interestingly, Canham was one of the purchasers of the 31st Regiment’s famous “Shanghai Bowl”. Ex: an estate sale of Canham’s belongings to our consignor. $200 - 300

349. ALLGEMEINE-SS WOOL ARMBAND Allgemeine-SS wool armband (unfinished), 22” long, 4 1/2” wide, double-stitched black trim at top and bottom, swastika made of folded black cloth sewn upon a white ribbed fabric which in turn is sewn to the red wool armband with single circular stitching on reverse. Lacking RZM tag which is sometimes the case as such tags were often paper. No mothing or other damage, fine condition. $400 - 500

350. D-DAY BRONZE STAR A Bronze Star given to Commander Lawrence Woodsworth Snell, U.S. Naval Reserve. According to the T.L.S. by Secretary of the Navy JAMES FORRESTAL, Snell is awarded the citation for “meritorious service as Commanding Officer of the United States Naval Advanced Amphibious Training Sub-Base, Fowey, England, prior to the assault upon the Continent of Europe, June 1944....Snell completed the combat loading of all landing ships and craft and dispatched them for the invasion of Normandy on time and in full operational condition...”. Bears minor toning, two punctures at bottom clear of text, very good. Along with a fine US Army Signal Corps photo, 10” x 8” b/w, showing Infantry troops advancing through a decimated French village in Normandy, Aug. 8, 1944. Fine condition, three pieces. $150 - 200

341. 1938 HITLER YOUTH KREISSIEGER BADGE 1938 Hitler Youth Kreissieger Industrial Award badge bearing a bronze eagle, gear, and Hitler Youth emblem on a white enamel background which is in turn surrounded by a laurel wreath. The reverse of the pins is marked by the maker: “G. BREHMER MARKNEUKIRCHEN” and is engraved with the recipient’s name: “ING. ZITTHIER”. The only damage is fracture to the enameling of the HJ diamond’s upper red portion, else very good to fine. $250 - 350 342. IRON CROSS, FIRST CLASS Iron Cross, First Class, screwback, LDO marked on bottom of lower arm, slight crackling to paint and light wear to a few points on date and swastike. Overall a good affordable example. $250 - 350

351. POLICE 25 YEAR SERVICE MEDAL German Police 25 Year Service medal, mercury gold gilded tombac, 43 mm., Maltese Cross with the distinctive police wreath and eagle superimposed on the face. The reverse of the medal has an oval bearing the raised inscription: “FUER TREUE DIENSTE IN DER POLIZEI” (“For Loyal Service in the Police”). The recessed areas of the cross are finely pebbled, while the higher, flat surfaces are polished. With soiled ribbon, in want of a little cleaning, else very good. $150 - 200

343. IRON CROSS, FIRST CLASS “1939” Iron Cross, First class, pin back, Deschler & Sohn, Muenchen. Maker marked on verso on the pin with an uncommon “1”. Very nice patina with some very slight oxidation. Along with an unrelated case for a War Merit Cross with swords, marked 621 K.B. on verso of the insert. $200 - 300

344. IRON CROSS, FIRST CLASS WITH CASE Iron Cross, First Class, pin back, no maker’s mark evident. Quite oxidized with much of the original black finish gone, still quite presentable in an original black faux leather presentation box. $200 - 300

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352. NSDAP 25 YEAR SERVICE MEDAL N.S.D.A.P. 25 year service medal, in frosted silver finish with black-enameled swastika. The obverse bears a black-enameled swastika and on the reverse appears the words “Fuer treue Dienste” (“For Loyal Service”). Light oxidation at end of arms, ribbon slightly soiled. In an original, fine condition box. $60 - 80

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General Militaria 353. FLAG REMNANT FROM THE BATTLE OF THE LITTLE BIG HORN A superlative relic, a small section of a guidon believed to have been found on the Little Big Horn battlefield the day after the destruction of Gen. George Custer and his entire command. The approx. 3 1/2” x 2” remnant is of red and white silk, described as a section of a guidon, and is attached to 4 1/2” x 8” sheet of period paper with light blue thread. The paper bears handwritten provenance in a period hand and in contemporary ink. In full (spelling and grammatical mistakes not corrected): “In Memory of Genrl G A Custer and Soldiers who was Killed June 27th 1876. This is a piece of guidon taking off the Battle field the next Day by Sartgent O Hair belonging to one of the Companys that was with Major Reno at the little Big horn fight in the Montana Try. May thay rest in Peace. The Drumbs may Rool The Carbines may rattle no more shall thay call our Hero to Battle”. Very good. The writer’s dates are of course incorrect - Custer’s stand was on June 25th, and his Indian adversaries scattered the following days as news of Terry’s relief column reached them. No doubt Sgt. O’Hare was part of that column and the guidon was parceled out among those who first arrived on the scene of the massacre. Ex: Swann Galleries Sale 2021 $2,500 - 3,500

Custer seeks an appointement for Lt. Algernon E. Smith, who would be killed with him at the Little Big Horn

354. GEORGE A. CUSTER (1839 - 1876) Union major general of cavalry who fought in nearly every battle of the Army of the Potomac, including Gettysburg, and later met his tragic end at the hands of Cheyenne and Sioux warriors at the battle of Little Big Horn. Fine content A.L.S. “G. A. Custer U.S. Army” with initialed postscript, 2pp. 4to., “Fort Lincoln Dakota [Territory]”, Feb. 27, 1875, to powerful New York Sen. Roscoe Conkling, entirely on the subject of securing a promotion for one of his officers, Algernon E. Smith, who would be killed while commanding Co. E at Little Big Horn. Custer writes, in part: “…I would be glad if you would present the claims of Lieut. Smith, as set forth in accompanying documents, to the appointing power, and use your well known influence to secure for him the appointment of Captain…Lt. Smith is a constituent of yours, having entered the volunteers service from Utica…Since the war he has served with marked credit and ability in the regular army, most of the time under my command. You will see from Genl. Terry’s endorsement that Lt. Smith’s service during the rebellion was in the highest degree commendable. His character for integrity, morality and for all that would fit him, to discharge the duties of the position for which he has been recommended is not inferior to that of any other officer of my acquanitance…” Near fine condition. Smith’s body would be found within yards of that of his advocate, George Custer. Ex: Joe Rubinfine, to our consignor. $7,000 - 9,000

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Tom Custer writes brother George to announce that he will join his command The two would die together at the Little Big Horn

355. THOMAS CUSTER (1845 - 1876) American soldier, the brother of George Armstrong Custer. Tom was the only Civil War soldier to twice be awarded the Medal of Honor, and by war’s end was serving on his brother’s staff. At the end of the war, Custer joined his brother George in the 7th Cavalry and ultimately fought at Little Big Horn, where Capt. Thomas Custer commanded Co. C and was likely one of the very last men of the command to meet his end at the hands of the Indian defenders. Outstanding and very rare A.L.S. “Tom”, 1p. 4to., Washington, Oct. 22, 1866 to his brother Gen. George Armstrong Custer in which Tom gleefully announces that the an Army board had approved his joining his brother’s command of the 7th Cavalry at Fort Riley, Kanasas, a move that ten years later would see three Custer brothers killed at the Little Big Horn. In part: “…I was before the Board today and passed examination. I will leave tomorrow evening if possible. I expect to arrive at Fort Riley about two weeks from tomorrow…” Near fine condition. $7,000 - 8,000

Boston Custer writes his brother George on duty at Fort Riley

356. BOSTON CUSTER (1848 - 1876) Younger brother of George and Thomas Custer and brother-in-law of First Lt. James Calhoun. Boston served as a guide to George and was killed along with his two brothers at the Little Big Horn. Exceedingly rare A.L.S “Bos”, 3pp. 8vo., Monroe, Mi., Dec. 23, 1866 to his brother, George A. Custer who was then serving at Fort Riley, Kansas. In small part: “…My dear brother, I thought I would write you a few lines to see if Tom [Custer] is any better. Mag received a letter from Libby the other day but Tom was no better…I wish you were all here to spend the hollow days with us. Mother thinks it strang by your not writing since you left…We are all well as usual, she has not been very well for to or three days…I asked you for some money I will have to ask you again. I do not like to but can not help it now & don’t want any one to see this letter but you. I want to get a pair of new boots, the ones that I am wearing now is about gone & I asked pop if he could get me a new pair and he said that he could not…he did not have the money and if you will give me $4.30…[I] will be a thousand times obliged…Please excuse all misspelled words…” Fine, with a portion of the holograph envelope addressed by him to:”Genl. G. A. Custer Ft. Riley Kansas”. Two pieces. Boston and George enjoyed a particularly close relationship, so much so that Boston would join George in the field...and die with him at at the Little Big Horn in 1876. $4,000 - 5,000

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357. NEVIN J. CUSTER (1842 1915) Brother of Gen. George A. Custer. A sickly child, Nevin never served in the military but instead remained in Monroe tending the family farm. He would be the last surviving male in his family. Rare A.L.S. “Nev”, 6pp. 8vo., Tontagang, Mar. 2, 1870 in pencil to his brother Gen. George A. Custer, then serving at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In part: “...Tom told you about me selling my place. I get the first payment tomorrow...I have been looking for a letter from you for some time to see what you think is best for me to do...If I went to Kansas to come out and look or move right along, what town do you think you would buy near...plenty timber and most all bottom land...there is a great many talks of going to Kansas...I think I can raise about one thousand dollars to take with me...you spoke...about us dropping in on you without telling you about it. You need not be uneasy...you would not get me to do that with so many little ones. If them soldiers would catch us coming in the fort, we would be arrested and put under guard...” With holograph transmittal envelope (stamp removed). Very good. $1,000 - 1,500

Keough describes Indian depradations, adding: ”We are preparing for an Indian War...”

358. MYLES W. KEOGH (1842 - 1876) American military officer, a captain in the 7th Cavalry in command of Co. I. Keogh was the owner of Comanche, the only surviving horse found on the battlefield. Very rare fine content A.L.S “M. W. Keogh”, 4pp. 8vo., Fort Harker, Ks., Aug. 13, 1868 to his brother Tom in London. In part: “…I have recovered almost entirely from the ill effects of breaking my leg. It is perfectly straight…I have again become a Staff Officer & am now Inspector General of this District…inspecting the Posts and Forts in Colorado & on the borders of New Mexico…the journey was a severe one, mostly by stage coach and on horseback...the duties of my office are most onerous…the Indians have again broken out. They yesterday attacked a settlement within forty miles of here & having plundered the place, brutally ravished the women & got away…We are preparing for an Indian War…I send you…a photograph of my Sergeant that the Indians killed last year...The top of the head was cut off…This man was less brutally used than many others…” Very good. $2,000 - 3,000

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359. WILLIAM W. COOKE (1846 - 1876) American military officer,first lieutenant and Regimental Adjutant of the 7th Cavalry who wrote the last message received from Custer which was a note to Benteen to bring the pack train up to him quickly. Killed on Last Stand Hill. Fine content and association A.L.S. 3pp. 8vo., Mount Pleasant, Jan. 27, 1870 to his commander, Gen. George A. Custer at Fort Leavenworth. In part: “…I have not heard a word from either Tom [Custer] or yourself since you left Canada…I am terribly dull here…We can always make little Sarah blush by calling her Mrs. Custer No. 2…Tell Mrs. Custer that I am not such a ‘Flab’ as she thinks I am…I suppose you are on duty with the G.C.M. I hope you will make it lively with the worm[?]…I know no more about what is going on than if I was dead and buried…I am so dull that it will be a relief to be back once more…” With holograph envelope addressed to Custer at Fort Leavenworth. Fine condition. $3,000 - 4,000

360. DONALD MCINTOSH (1838 - 1876) American military officer, first lieutenant who assumed the command of Co. G, killed in the valley fight at the Little Big Horn. Rare manuscript D.S. as 2nd Lt. of the 7th Cavalry, 1p. 4to., Fort Harker, Kansas, Jan. 19, 1869, headed “Special Order No. 13” ordering that cavalry recruits under Lt. Bodamer join him along the Saline River and that they are to be properly mounted, equipped and armed. Boldly signed, fine condition. $2,500 - 3,500

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361. JAMES CALHOUN (1845 - 1876) American military officer, brother-in-law to George A. Custer and First Lieut. of Co. L, 7th Cavalry, killed in action on the Little Big Horn. Interesting content manuscript L.S., 1p. 4to., Fargo, Aug. 20, 1875, an attested retained “true copy” of a letter sent to Gen. GEORGE A. CUSTER at Fort Lincoln by one Thomas W. Causly. In part: “...Flannagan Brothers of Minneapolis will furnish first class monument for two hundred (200) dollars delivetred on board cars. I have got several plans...I think you can get eight or ten percent knocked off...”. Light toning, else very good. $2,000 - 3,000

362. BENJAMIN H. HODGSON (1848 - 1876) American military officer, a second lieutenant who served as Battalion Adjutant under Reno in the Dakota Column from Co. B, 7th Cavalry, killed in action at the Little Big Horn. Bold signature “B. H. Hodgson” with rank “2nd Lieut. 7th Cavalry” cut from a document. Cleanly mounted to a reprint of a photo of Hodgson in uniform. Fine. $2,000 - 3,000

363. MYLES G. KEOGH’S SIGNED PAPAL WARS INFANTRY MANUAL (1842 - 1876) American military officer, a captain in the 7th Cavalry in command of Co. I. Keogh was the owner of Comanche, the only surviving horse found on the battlefield. Superb Keogh relic, the pocket manual of Infantry tactics used by Keogh when in Rome as an officer in the Company of Saint Patrick— part of the Pope’s Vatican Guard. The book, Ordonnance du Roi Sur L’Exercice et Les Manoeuvres de L’Infantrie (Paris: Libraire Militaire, 1831), is the 2nd edition, with 1845 addendum. Keogh signs, “Myles W Keogh” on the free front end page, with an inscription of date: “Rome, 1st Jan 1861”. DANIEL KEILEY, Keogh’s chief aide, countersigns. On verso, Keogh penned, “Battle of Castlefedardo September 29/60”, in reference to his 1860 Papal Wars defeat in its defense. The manual represents the most important period of Keogh’s pre-Civil War career, marking his time as an infantry officer and a Papal favorite. We can only assume that Keogh was determined to improve his infantry skills, and wrote the defeat date on verso to stay motivated. Missing covers, soiled and chipped front and rear endpapers with taped margins, withdrawn ink stamp on rear from Nebraska State Historical Society. $500 - 700

364. JAMES E. PORTER (1847 - 1876) American military officer who joined the 7th Cavalry immediately after graduating West Point, a first lieutenant of Co. I in the Dakota Column killed in action at the Little Big Horn. Bold signature “J. E. Porter” with rank “1st Lieut. 7th Cavalry” cut from a document. Cleanly mounted to a reprint of a photo of Porter. Closelycut at top, else very good. $2,000 - 3,000

365. MARCUS A. RENO (1834 - 1889) Union brigadier general and Indian fighter with Custer at Little Big Horn, accused of cowardice and failure to support Custer during the massacre. Rare Civil War-date A.E.S. cut from a document, 3” x 3”, “Hd. Qrs. 12th Pa. Cav.”, Charleston, WV, Feb. 28, 1865, Reno approves and forwards a document as colonel commanding. Very good. $800 - 900

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366. ALGERNON E. SMITH (1842 - 1876) American military officer, first lieutenant of Co. E in the Dakota Column of the 7th Cavalry, killed near Custer but away from his immediate command. Rare, fine association A.L.S. A. E. Smith”, 1p. 4to., [Fort Leavenworth], Oct. 10, 1869 to Gen. George A. Custer. In part: “...My dear General, I send you by Ambulance...my pistol & some ammunition. Also the ‘Conservative’ (Leavenworth). I forgot to say that ‘Lone Wolf’ will not run good with a curt bit, use a watering bridle. I will send saddle, bridle & all in Ambulance. I am sorry ‘Maida’ was killed...”. With holograph transmittal envelope addressed to Custer (hand delivered). Very good. Custer travelled with his two Scottish staghounds, Maida and Blucher. Blucher was killed by Indians at the Battle of the Washita, Maida during a buffalo hunt. $1,200 - 1,500

367. GEORGE W. YATES (1843 - 1876) American military officer, a captain in the 7th Cavalry commanding Co. F of the Dakota Column and killed at the Little Big Horn. Rare signature “Geo. W. Yates” with rank in another hand “Captain 7th Cavalry”, cut from a document. Fine condition, mounted to a reprint of a photo of Yates in uniform. Overall fine. $600 - 800 368. GEORGE W. YATES (1843 - 1876) American military officer, a captain in the 7th Cavalry commanding Co. F of the Dakota Column and killed at the Little Big Horn. Rare signature “Geo. W. Yates” with rank in another hand “Captain 7th Cavalry”, cut from a document. A bit closely-cut at top, else fine condition. $600 - 800

Lost with his entire command in an Indian ambush led by Red Cloud and Crazy Horse

369. WILLIAM J. FETTERMAN (1833 - 1866) U.S. Army office during the Civil War and subsequent Red Cloud’s War. In November 1866, Fetterman and his regiment were stationed at Fort Phil Kearny, tasked with protecting immigrants traveling to the gold fields of Montana Territory. Fetterman boasted that with 80 soldiers, he could “ride through the Sioux Nation. On December 21, 1866, a large band of Cheyenne and Sioux which included Crazy Horse - under the leadership of Red Cloud attacked a wood train near the fort. Fetterman, with a group of (ironically) 80 men, pursued the Indians...and found himself facing 2,000 hostiles. He and his command were wiped out to a man. Very rare Civil War-date D.S. “Wm. J. Fetterman” on Army of the Cumberland letterhead, 1p. 4to., Lookout Mountain, Feb. 1, 1865, Special Orders No. 20: “ 1st Lieut. John Miller ... having reported for duty with his Company will take command, he being Senior Officer. II. 2d Lieut. Joseph L. Follett will turn over all Government property in his possession pertaining to Battery ‘G’ 1st Mo. Light Artillery to Lieut. Miller who will receipt to him for the same. By order of Brig. Gen. King....” Two small holes and light staining from previous binding to left margin, else near fine. A very rare Indian Wars signature! $3,000 - 4,000

370. GEORGE W. GRUMMOND (d. 1866) American army officer in command of a contingent of cavalry with Col. J. Fetterman, likewise annihilated by a large band of Cheyenne and Sioux - which included Crazy Horse - on Dec. 21, 1866. Excessively rare partly-printed D.S., 1p. 4to., Louisville, July 18, 1865, an “eagle discharge” of William Dixon from the 14th Michigan Vet. Infy. Toned, several stains, and a mouse hole at right, but signature remains bold and largely unaffected - still good. Grummond was one of only three officers killed in the engagement. $2,000 - 3,000

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One of three officers killed in the Fetterman Massacre

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“Ears cut off, skulls broken in...some had from forty to sixty arrows sticking in them besides being shot several times...”

371. FIRST-HAND DESCRIPTION OF EVENTS SURROUNDING THE “FETTERMAN MASSACRE” Historic content partial A.L.S., 6pp. 8vo., “Fort Phillip Kearney”, Dec. 29, 1866 - written six days after Col. William Fetterman and his command were ambushed and wipedout near Fort Kearney by a superior force of Cheyenne and Sioux which included Crazy Horse - under the leadership of Red Cloud. The letter, describing the events of the “Fetterman Massacre”, was written by Thomas H. Mallory, an established silver and gold prospector and miner. Mallory first describes the fort’s location and the strength of its garrison. He continues: “...it will be impossible for this place...to be taken by the Indians, should they make the attempt, as many here believe they will...On the 21st inst. one of the most horrible massacres...took place four miles from this place...The Indians had been throwing themselves in sight along this ridge nearly every day...some of the most daring venturing within a few hundred yards of the Fort. They had once been driven off and followed up by about 75 cavalry men...one Lieutenant and a Sargeant was killed...after making a feint attack upon the wood train...approached nearer the Fort and seemed more anxious to have a fight. Col. Fetterman with a command of 79 started out to drive them off, or, as the soldiers said who volunteered to have some fun, under orders from the Col. commanding the Port not to go beyond the ridge out of sight...Contrary to those orders the command crossed the ridge and soon the regular discharges of small arms was heard...The firing was kept up for about an hour then all was still...nothing but Indians were in sight and they were just finishing their hellish work of scalping and mutillating the bodies...Not one of the 81 men who went out was left alive. The Indians to the supposed number of 3,000 were still in sight but showed no signs of fight...they always pack their dead away with them...large reinforcements now expected...The sad spectacle which they presented when brought in was soul-sickening in the extreme...They had been stripped of every particle of clothing, scalped...ears cut off, skulls broken in...some had from forty to sixty arrows sticking in them besides being shot several times...Early in the morning a party of 10 Indians dashed into a herd of cattle...and drove off 120 head...a running fight was kept up for about three miles...the Indians numbering about 300 routed...This is the only fight this year in which Indians are known to have got the worst of it...”.Last page is missing, however a fully signed postscript is present. Pinholes at top, some scattered stains and light wear and toning at folds, overall very good. $2,000 - 3,000

“Col. Fetterman’s body showed his thorax to have been cut crosswise with a knife, deep into the viscera...”

372. THE FETTERMAN MASSACRE SAMUEL M. HORTON Assistant Surgeon who, with Fetterman, garrisoned the Bozeman Trail. Horton was also part of Smith’s relief column that rescued Capt. James Powell the following year. It was Horton who examined Fetterman and Brown’s wounds and confirmed that Fetterman did not commit suicide. Scarce partly-printed D.S. signed twice, 24pp. folio, Plattsburgh Barracks, NY, June 21, 1872, a “Return of Medical Property”. Very good. The story has long been told that Fetterman and Brown committed suicide by shooting each other in the head. Refuting this is Horton’s official report, which stated: “Col. Fetterman’s body showed his thorax to have been cut crosswise with a knife, deep into the viscera...I believe that mutilation caused his death”. Regarding Brown, Surgeon Horton stated: “...a hole made in his left temple by a small pistol ball; the latter most probably caused his death”. It is probable that Brown committed suicide. An Oglala warrior, American Horse, later explained that he ran an officer down with his horse. After dismounting, American Horse hit the officer with his club then cut the throat with his knife. American Horse’s description of his killing of the soldier and the wounds that the surgeon found on Fetterman matched such an attack. Along with HENRY LIPPINCOTT, another physician associated with the Fetterman Massacre, typed D.S., 1p. 4to., New York, 1902, attesting to a man’s illness. Two pieces. $200 - 300 373. GENERAL ORDERS ANNOUNCING THE DEATH OF GEORGE CUSTER AND HIS FELLOW OFFICERS Printed General Orders No. 69, 12pp. 8vo., Washington, July 26, 1876, printed a month after Gen. George A. Custer and his command were wiped out at at the Battle of the Little Big Horn. The orders, issued by Gen. William T. Sherman, list promotions within the 7th Cavalry to fill positions vacated by those killed in action, and list the names of the dead including Custer, Keogh, Yates, Tom Custer, Smith, McIntosh, Calhoun, Porter, Sturgis, Crittenden, and Hodgson. Disbound, fine. $200 - 300 374. ELIZABETH CUSTER (1842 - 1933) American author, wife of George Armstrong Custer, Union brigadier general killed at the Battle of Little Big Horn. Rare early A.L. (unsigned), 1p. 8vo., Monroe, December, 1862 to her future husband, George A. Custer. In part: “...Captain Custer You are kind and polite to wish me to go to the Seminary with you this evening but I shall have to refuse. It is by no means any ill will that I bear to Captain Custer causes me to decline: but Father has signified his intention of going with us...I am really desirous of accepting his invitation...”. Marginal tear, wrinkled and soiled a bit, pencil note at head, else still quite good. Home on leave from the war, Custer met Libbie at a Thanksgiving party and began courting her against the wishes of her family. Indeed, even Libbie remarked to a friend: “I don’t care for him except as an escort”. $400 - 500

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381. EDWARD S. GODFREY (1843 - 1932) American military officer, first lieutenant of Co. K in the 7th Cavalry, under Frederick Benteen and was instrumental in securing Reno Hill. Partly-printed D.S. signed twice as captain in the 7th Cavalry, 1p. 4to., Fort Rice, Dakota Terr., Apr. 1, 1878, a requisition. Co-signed by ELWELL S. OTIS as lieutenant colonel of the 7th Cavalry. Folds, else very good. $400 - 500

375. MARGARET AND ANNE CUSTER MARGARET CUSTER (1852 - 1910) “Maggie”, sister of Gen. George A. Custer and wife of First Lt. James A. Calhoun. After a two-year courtship - carried on principally by correspondence - the pair married on March 7, 1872. Calhoun would be killed four years latter at the Little Big Horn. ANNE CUSTER Sister of George A. Custer, wife of Capt. George Yates who was also killed at the Little Big Horn. Pair of letters from each, 4pp. total, Monroe, MI, Aug. 24-25, 1865 to their brother Geaorge, mostly relating news of family and friends, marriages, deaths, Maggie’s poor health, etc.: “...I wish you would sell your horses...it costs a great deal to keep so many horses...” . With holograph envelopes addressed to Custer in Houston. Overall very good. $500 - 700

382. EDWARD S. GODFREY (1843 - 1932) American military officer, first lieutenant of Co. K in the 7th Cavalry, under Frederick Benteen and was instrumental in securing Reno Hill. Bold signature as First Lieutenant, likely as a member of the 7th Cavalry, cut from a document. Fine. $200 - 300

376. MARGARET CUSTER (1852 - 1910) “Maggie”, sister of Gen. George A. Custer and wife of First Lt. James A. Calhoun. After a two-year courtship - carried on principally by correspondence - the pair married on March 7, 1872. Calhoun would be killed four years latter at the Little Big Horn, and Maggie would spend the following years caring for her mother. Rare fine association A.L.S. “Mother and Maggie ”, 1p. 8vo., Monroe, MI, August 30 [1876] to her brother George (“Autie”), his wife “Libbie” and Tom Custer. In part: “...I was writing to pass on business and could not pass you by without writing a line to you. We are trying to get along as well as we can. Mother is about as usual. I am improving some, but am now well yet...Come home soon...”. Text is a bit light, lightly toned, else very good. With holograph envelope addressed to “Maj. Gen. George A. Custer...Care of Maj. Gen. Sheridan” in Houston. $500 - 700

383. EDWARD S. GODFREY (1843 - 1932) American military officer, first lieutenant of Co. K in the 7th Cavalry, under Frederick Benteen and was instrumental in securing Reno Hill. Bold signature adding rank ”1st Lt. 7th Cavalry” cut from a document. Fine. $200 - 300

384. EDWARD G. MATHEY (1837 - 1915) American military officer, first lieutenant in the 7th Cavalry present at the Little Big Horn in command of the pack train of Group IV and narrowly escaping death. Partly-printed D.S., 1p. 4to., Fort Rice, Dakota Terr., Jan. 7, 1878, a requisition for cavalry stores. Co-signed by ELWELL S. OTIS as lieutenant colonel of the 7th Cavalry. Split at one fold, else very good. $400 - 500

385. THOMAS M. MCDOUGALL (1845 - 1909) American army officer, commanded the 10th Louisiana Volunteer negro regiment, and at the Little Big Horn, he was in command of Company B, the pack train escort and was engaged with Reno’s battalion in the hilltop fight. Manuscript D.S., 2pp. legal folio, [Washington], Mar. 1, 1880, a “true copy” of a War Dept. document concerning the strength of a guard under the command of one Lt. Walter F. Halleck (likely a relative of Gen. Henry Halleck) when the former was injured in a fall from his horse. McDougall attests to the accuracy of the copy of the original document in an autograph note signed at conclusion. Very good. $450 - 550

377. THOMAS B. EASTLAND Captain of Texas Rangers Company, Bastrop, Texas, and Comanche fighter. In 1838, he led the raid on a Comanche camp at San Gabriel under Col. Moore. Manuscript D.S. 1p. 4to., Brazo’s Island, Texas, Apr. 22, 1847, an invoice for “... stores this very day shipped by Major T. B. Eastland... ”. Pencil docket at bottom, otherwise very good condition. $150 - 200 378. THOMAS H. FRENCH (1843 - 1882) American military officer, captain of Co. M of the 7th Cavalry under Marcus Reno, survived to fight the Nez Perce at Canyon Creek in 1877. Bold signature “T. H. French ” adding rank “Capt. 7th Cavalry” cut from a document. Cleanly mounted to a reprint of a photo of Hodgson in uniform. Fine. $500 - 600

Moylan offers a loan to his commander, George A. Custer

386. MILES MOYLAN (1838 - 1909) American military officer, a captain in command of Co. A of the Dakota Column of the 7th Cavalry, one of the three units that followed Major Marcus Reno in the unsuccessful attack to the southern end of Sitting Bull’s village. Moylan was later a Medal of Honor winner for service against the Nez Perce. Fine association A.L.S. on Headquarters 7th U.S. Cavalry letterhead, 1p. 8vo., Fort Leavenworth, June 23, 1868 to Gen. George A. Custer, apparently lending Custer what was, at the time, a great deal of money. In full: “Dear Genl: Enclosed please find one hundred dollars. I have no small bills. Use what you want of it. M. Moylan”. With holograph envelope addressed to Custer and showing that the letter (and money) was hand delivered. Fine. $600 - 800

379. FRANCIS M. GIBSON (d. 1919) American cavalry officer famous as an Indian scout and was under Custer’s command during the battle of the Little Big Horn. Although no on the scene, he was among the first officers to ride to attempt to relieve the doomed force. Lt. Donald McIntosh, who was killed with Custer, was Gibson’s brother-in-law, and Gibson recovered his body. Manuscript D.S. as First Lieut., 7th Cavalry, 1p. legal folio, Fort Rice, Dakota Terr., Mar. 1, 1878, his sworn statement in a court martial hearing that a private had lost a crowbar in a river and that the private was not responsible for the loss. Also signed by Indian fighter WILLIAM BADGER, First Lieut. of the 6th Infantry. Very good. $200 - 300

DeRudio receives his commission as Captain in the 7th Cavalry

380. FRANCIS M. GIBSON (d. 1919) American cavalry officer famous as an Indian scout and was under Custer’s command during the battle of the Little Big Horn. Although no on the scene, he was among the first officers to ride to attempt to relieve the doomed force. Lt. Donald McIntosh, who was killed with Custer, was Gibson’s brother-in-law, and Gibson recovered his body. Manuscript D.S. 1p. 4to., Fort Rice, D.T., May 2, 1878, “ Post Order No. 81 ” ordering that a horse infected with “ Glanders ” be shot immediately. Very good. $200 - 300

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387. CHARLES DE RUDIO (1832 - 1910) American military officer, captain of Co. A under Marcus Reno in the valley. When DeRudio’s horse was shot from beneath him, he hid beneath brush until late at night, then swam across the Little Big Horn to rejoin his command. Rare fine content A.L.S. 1p. 4to., Fort Meade, Dakota Territory, Jan. 31, 1883 to the Adjutant General of the Army. DeRudio acknowledges receipt: “...of my Commission as Captain of the 7th Regiment of Cavalry and the prescribed Oath of Office, which I respectfully enclose herewish sworn and subscribed...” . Near fine. $400 - 600

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388. CHARLES A. VARNUM AND SAMUEL D. STURGIS CHARLES A. VARNUM (1849 - 1936) American military officer, a second lieutenant in the 7th Cavalry and Custer’s Chief of Scouts, engaged with Reno at the Little Big Horn and the last surviving officer of that battle. Partly-printed D.S., 1p. folio, Fort Lincoln. April 1, 1878, a return for tobacco issued to members of the 7th Cavalry. Also signed by SAMUEL D. STURGIS (1822-1889) Union brigadier general who became colonel and commander of the 7th U.S. Cavalry. His lieutenant colonel was George A. Custer. Sturgis was on detached duty when parts of the 7th Cavalry were destroyed at the Little Big Horn. Also signed twice by ERNEST A. GARLINGTON (1853-1934) 7th Cavalry officer, MOH for Wounded Knee Creek. Very good. $800 - 900

With his “buffalo soldiers”, he saved fellow soldiers from an Indian massacre ...and was awarded this sword

389. PRESENTATION SWORD TO MEDAL OF HONOR WINNER CAPT. FRANCIS S. DODGE A fine, ornate presentation sword awarded to captain, and later brigadier general Francis S. Dodge, an American army officer who led colored cavalry troops in the Civil War and would be awarded a Medal of Honor for rescuing fellow soldiers under siege by the Ute - a rescue undertaken by “buffalo soldiers” for which Dodge was awarded this sword. The sword, which measures about 41” long, bears the hallmark “P. D. L.”, that of Peter D. Luneschloss, the noted German sword maker. It bears an ornate hand guard, not hallmarked but possibly silver, showing an eagle, wreaths, oak leaves, and a scowling figure near the pommel. The grip is wrapped in brass wire which remains tight. There is a small fracture to the hand guard opposite the center of the grip which could be easily filled. The blade is near perfect, shiny and bright and needing just a bit of cleaning at the tip, and it is engraved with with ornate filigree designs, an eagle with U.S. motto “E PLURIBUS UNUM” and “U.S.”. The chromed scabbard bears three decorations in high relief, all with patriotic themes including a standing soldier, shields, cannon, flags, swords, etc., with two hanging rings. The upper part of the scabbard bears a period engraved presentation: “Presented to Capt. Francis S. Dodge 9th Cavalry For Gallant Action October 1879”. Reverse of scabbard bears some pitting to the chrome, else overall in fine condition. Deaccessioned by the Canadian Military Studies Museum, Limehouse, Ontario. FRANCIS S. DODGE (1842-1908) was born in Danvers, Mass. and enlisted in the army in October 1861, reaching the rank of corporal by late 1863. In December 1863, he was commissioned a first lieutenant in the 2nd Volunteer Cavalry Regiment U.S. Colored Troops. With that regiment, he fought at Bermuda Hundred, Drury’s Bluff, and in the assaults on Petersburg and Richmond, ending the war with the rank of captain. Post-war, Dodge led the “Buffalo Soldiers” of the 9th Cavalry, and African-American regiment organized by order of Phil Sheridan. While in command of his company of forty men and on scouting duty in northwestern Colorado in 1879, Dodge heard of the attack of the White River Utes on the command of Major Thomas F. Thornburg. He immediately marched his force to the relief of the major and fought off the Indians for three days until aid arrived. For this action Dodge received a Medal of Honor...and this sword, quite possibly from his own men, or from those whom he saved. $3,000 - 5,000

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390. SIXTH CAVALRY AND THE CAPTURE OF GERONIMO LETTER GROUP An extraordinary group of letters from Pvt. John Pyne, Troop E, 6th Cavalry, 39pp. 4to., written from Feb. 17 - Nov. 12, 1886 from various locations in New Mexico including Fort Stanton, Fort Union, and from camp in the San Andrea mountains. While on the trail of Apache warriors Geromino and Natchez, Pyne takes time to write very detailed letters about his experiences. In very small part: “...isolated as I am...a letter from you is quite a tonic...Our little band here is in a high state of expectancy. Gen. [Nelson A.] Miles...has relieved Gen. [George] Crook, he has ordered all the wester holes to be guarded by the infantry...cutting off all the water from the Indians [and] he will concentrate all the Cavalry and Indian scouts and take up the trail of Geronimo and force him to fight or surrender unconditionally. I expect a protracted campaign...I am thankful for the compliment you paid me in saying I look older than you imagined as it removes me from dudeism...My life at its best is a failure...the privacy of races referred to do not condone the insult to those brave fellows who gave up their lives for those principles when we forget the respect due to the bereaved widows and orphans, victims of that conflict...This from a cavalry soldier sounds straight laced if not hypocritical...I ride a roan horse...I have every reason to believe he is the fastest horse on the post...when a horse is issued to a man he cannot be taken away unless he ill treats him...I received orders to get ready for field service...there are seven of my comrades [here]...we are attached to a company of Indian Scouts and with one officer attached we have a roaming commission. Gen. Miles’ motto seems to be ‘it takes a thief to catch a thief’ hence the employment of Apache scouts, a more worthless set I never met. The command is divided into parties of ten Indians and one soldier; the soldier is brought into requisition as a hostage for the safety of the Indians from attacks by settlers...and to render an intelligible report...I have seen the red devil in every phase of his life...greasy red blanket, the variegated shirt, the battered and worn hat, the shuffling gait...when not in war paint he is garrulous and inquisitive...begging but actually waiting for a chance to steal, or drink whiskey...unless engaged in gambling, the bucks are idle and the squaws are at work. The squaw is a slave, never too old to work...beaten, abused and sold like a pony...The most horrible fate awaits the prisoner, turned over to the squaws...pie-eyed, ragged, wretched and covered in vermin...the baby will never cry...If the Government turned over the Indians to the Army, they would receive their full allowance...the psalm singers of the East oppose this on the ground that the soldiers would contaminate them. This is false as hell, squaws are naturally chaste, with their hunger appeased, more chaste than their white sisters...The Indian is in fact being driven to the wall, he will soon be a thing of the past...”. Pyne then describes travels through Mexican villages, offering great detail on the structures, farming methods, clothing, foods, and so on, though at times he makes equally disparaging remarks about the Mexicans. Following the capture of Geronimo in late August, Pyne relates the events: “...After a close chase and numerous murders Geronimo surrendered...I was ordered to join my Troop at Fort Stanton...[and] ordered to take the field in pursuit of one hundred and forty Jicarci Apaches who had left their reservation...we struck their trail about 120 miles west of Stanton, on the Rio Grande...we arrested them at Albuquerque...Gen. Miles came in person...and [ordered] the Indians to Santa Fe...”. Pyne also carefully describes a Mexican church and wedding in Albuquerque, a visit to a Pueblo Indian village, and passing through a Navajo village (drily noting “I saw nothing of note, even their famous blankets are a fraud”). He then describes a Zuni courtship ritual and a visit to “the oldest church in the U.S.”. These fascinating letters, well-written, full of detail and easily read, bear a few tape repairs here and there, mainly at horizontal folds, but are otherwise in very good condition. Letter groupings of cavalry soldiers on Indian pursuits are very rarely encountered, especially of this quality. $5,000 - 6,000

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391. COMANCHE WARS FORT RICHARDSON HOSPITAL MUSTER ROLL, 1872 Partly-printed D.S. from the Comanche War era, 2pp. 30” x 10 1/2”, Fort Richardson, Texas, April 30-June 30, 1872, a muster roll for the hospital patients and workers alike, noting their names, occupations within the hospital, reasons for admittance, and so forth. Accompanied by an A.L.S. of a George W. Cradelbaugh, 2nd Division 3rd U.S. Infantry, 2pp. 4to., Monument, TX., Dec. 28, 1868, in which he complains to his correspondent about his injury and indisposition. Toned. Two pieces, very good. $100 - 150

392. WEST POINT OFFICER KIA MODOC WAR A scarce S.P., an oval mounted albumen 4 1/2” x 6” sepia of a West Point officer, illegibly signed — with possible last name Davis — on the mount adding “Philada”, mounted to a larger 10” x 13” sheet. Period note at bottom of sheet reads: “2nd Liet. 10th Infy, June 15, 1868. Unassigned May 19, 1869. Assigned to 4th Arty June 14, 1869. 1st Lieut..., May 1, 1873. Died May 12, 1873, of wounds received April 26, 1873 in action with Modoc Indians in Lava Beds, Orgn”. Very good condition, certainly worthy of further research. $100 - 150 393. MYLES MOYLAN (1838 - 1909) American military officer, a captain in command of Co. A of the Dakota Column of the 7th Cavalry, one of the three units that followed Major Marcus Reno in the unsuccessful attack to the southern end of Sitting Bull’s village. Moylan was later a Medal of Honor winner for service against the Nez Perce. Manuscript D.S. as first lieutenant, 7th Cavalry, 1p. 4to., Fort Leavenworth, KS, Nov. 29, 1867, Special Order No. 29 advising that 2nd Lt. Edward G. Mathey, having reported to the post, had been assigned to Company I of the 7th Cavalry. Endorsed by the paymaster at top. Near fine. Mathey was also lucky in the conflict, being attached to the mule train which shook off an attack. $400 - 500

394. BATTLE OF MOSCOW BROADSIDE A fantastic original French broadside measuring 16” x 21”, Borovsk (Russia), Oct. 13, 1812. Printed by Michel Vinsac, printer of the Prefecture. Titled “Grand Army 16th Bulletin”, the broadside gives detailed news of Napoleon’s victorious entrance into the besieged city of Moscow one week after his victory at the bloody Battle of Borodino on Septemer 7, 1812. In French in part: “...Before the battle of Moscow, General [Mikhail Illarionovich] Kutusow took up position about a league away from Moscow; he established many forts to defend the city...On September 14, having seen the French army march to him, he took part in evacuating the position and not passing by Moscow....Our vanguard passed at 1pm....The commander of the Russian rear guard asked to be able to stroll through the city without firing; we consented; but at the Kremlin, the scoundrel army was made to resist by the Governor and was immediately dispersed...On the 15th, 16th and 17th of September, the general of the Russian rear guard said that no one would take over and we would not longer fight...During this time, the Russian army stopped en route to Kolomna and took Kalouga...This march, according to Russian officers, was somber and religious...The King of Naples followed the enemy to first to Podol...Prince Poniatowksi took position behind la Nara, at the junction of Istia. General Lauriston had gone to the Russian Quartermaster on October 5, communication was restored between our preliminary posts and those of the enemy...but on the 18th, a 7am, 4,000 Cossacks emerged from the woods...[near] the cannon of General Sebastiani, forming the extreme left of the first guard...At the same time, the regular cavalry of enemy and two columns of infantry penetrated the gap. They hoped to take the woods and Voronosvo march before us...This division was massacred. Lieutenant general Miller was killed. While this was going on, Poniatowksi pushed a Russian division successfully. Polish general Fischer was killed by a bullet. The enemy not only experienced a greater loss than we, but had the shame to have violated a truce...losses amounted to 800 men...The enemy’s is unknown...However the Emperor wanted to oblige the enemy in evacuating his camp...to be able to peacfully go to the place chosen for his winter quarters...After Moscow ceased to exist, the Emperor had...decided to leave this pile of rubble, or only occupy the Kremlin with 3,000 men; mais the Kremlin, after 15 days of work, but the work was not strong enough to be judged as it was abandoned for 20 or 30 days...If we had wanted to protect Moscow against the beggars and looters, we would have neded 20,000 men. Moscow today is a veritable unhealty and defiled cesspool. A population of 200,000 souls ran into the woods, dying of hunger, coming back to the rubble to look for some trash and some beans to live on. It would be useless to compromose anything for an object with no military significance, and which today also has no political significance...All the stores which had been in the city were carefully uncovered, others evacuated, the Emperor was undermining the Kremlin...the arsenal, the barracks, the stores, all was destroyed. This ancient capital, which dated to the founding of the monarchy, the first palace of the czars, was gone! The Duke of Trevise was on march for Vereja. The aide-de-camp of the Emperor of the Russian Winzingerode, who had wanted to break out, on the 22nd, 500 Cossacks, was repelled and taken prisoner...On the 21st, Ignatiew was taken by Poniawkiski...The Emperor started his march on the 23rd to take Dwina, and took a position which approximated 80 lines from Petersburg to Wilna...Of the 4,000 stone houses which existed in Moscow, only 200 remain...Of 8,000 houses made of wood, less than 500 remain. It was proposed to the Emperor to burn the rest of the city to serve up to the Russians...The Emperor refused to take these measures which would only aggravate the troubles of the population...The Emperor is content with having ordered the destruction of the capital and military establishments, which only have use during the war...The Russian inhabitants will not return for 20 days. This is the sun and the beautiful days of the voyage of Fontainbleu. The army is in an extremely rich country, and which one can compare to the best of France and Germany...”. Napoleon entered Moscow on Sept. 14, after the Russian army had retreated. However, by this time the Russians had evacuated the city, leaving few inhabitants for Napoleon to subjugate, even fewer supplies, and much mess to deal with. Napoleon had expected Czar Alexander I to capitulate, but he did not. The city’s devastation was further increased on September 15, when it was burnt on the orders of Governor of Moscow, Fyodor Rostopchin. With no supplies, no Russian capitulation after more than a month, and an intransigent Russian army, Napoleon then began his disastrous retreat from Moscow in the middle of October. Through a series of scorched-earth tactics, lack of supplies and harrassment by Cossack forces, Napoleon’s army was gradually weakened, and on December 14, 1812, the decimated army finally left Russian territory in defeat. The Russian victory dispelled any myths about Napoleon’s military invincibility, and ground his quest for Europeon dominance to a halt. Folds, light toning to edges, very good. $1,000 - 1,200

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In the wake of Waterloo, negotiations with Napoleon are rejected

395. AUGUSTUS OF PRUSSIA (1779-1843) Prussian general, youngest son of Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia, brother of Frederick the Great; distinguished himself at the Battles of Leipzig and Waterloo. Fine content manuscript L.S. penned shortly after Waterloo, signed “Auguste Prince de Prusse” 2pp. legal folio, June 27, [docketed in pencil 1815], to an unnamed Napoleonic general, possibly LouisGabriel Suchet, who negotiated peace after the bloody battle and avoided the occupation of Lyon. Writing on the back of the Prussians’ decisive victory at Waterloo and en route to Paris, Augustus hastens to reject any negotiations with the defeated Emperor. In part: “...Proposals that were made by General [Charles Antoine] Morand have not been accepted by Marshal Blücher, because he is not going to enter into negotiations neither with Bonaparte nor his accomplices. So you cannot have any doubt about the proposals made by General Morand, I give you the original letter and ask you to return it to me. I received the official news this morning that a deputation from the chamber of peace and representing the nation was announced to the Prince of Blucher asking him to accept an armistice under conditions they wish they may prescribe. The Marshal, who was already well close to La Fere, and which is the position...abandoned, marched toward Paris without stopping. I am not able therefore to accept the armistice which you offer me, and I persist in [demanding] the conditions I have made in my letter. This is because I believe that you are a soldier full of honor, and who I flatter myself prefers the interest of our country to that of a Brigand, of whom you were an accomplice, if you stay in the party which the nation has abandoned. I ask you, Mr. General, to send me tomorrow morning a positive response, and to think it still depends on you to ensure a strong garrison and...save the town of Maubeuge from a certain ruin...”. He adds in a postscript: “...I gave orders to my outposts to not pull in any parliamentarians you would send me and, to avoid any misunderstanding, I ask you to not to be preceded by a drum...”. Augustus headed the 2d corps of the Prussian Army after Waterloo and was responsible for the siege the fort at Maubeuge — which, after a bitter resistance of nearly three weeks under the command of General Latour — would fall on July 12. Old tape repair at bottom, otherwise very good condition, worthy of further research. $750 - 1,000

396. KAISER WILHELM DINNER SERVICE FORK AND KNIFE Grouping of two pieces of sterling silver flatware directly from the table of Kaiser Wilhelm II at the Potsdam palace. The dinner knife is 11” long with a 7” blade which is almost 1” broad at center. The dinner fork is about 8 1/2” long and 1 1/4” wide overall with four tines. Both pieces are properly hallmarked with moon and crown, as well as Gebrueder Friedlander hallmark on the fork. Each utensil bears the Prussian crown over the Wilhelm (WR) initials, while the front side bears the Prussian imperial eagle, each image surrounded by ornate vines and leaves. The knife blade is a bit pitted, otherwise both of these massive pieces are in very good condition. $2,000 - 3,000

397. FRENCH GRENADIER MUSEUM-CONSTRUCTED SOLDIER A fine antique museum-constructed model of a ca. 1798 French “Tambour de grenadier”, “Demi-brigade de Bataille”, a life-like rendition of a Napoleonic soldier of an elite grenadier regiment. The soldier stands 44” tall and is 15” wide, shoulder-to-shoulder, about 10” deep front to back. He is clothed in a well-constructed cloth uniform with cowskin backpack, brass buttons, leather laced boots, fur hat, epaulets...the uniform detailed in almost all respects, down to human hair woven into a queue. The wood hands and face have been hand-painted and appear unrestored. His marching drum is also present. The date of construction is uncertain, but possibly Napoleonic period to 1870. Purportedly a Canadian attic find, then deaccessioned from the Mountain City Museum of the Wars (Georgia). Could use some slight restoration, else very good. $3,000 - 4,000

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Awarded to one of the 1,300 killed by the Zulu in the first massacre of the Zulu War

398. ZULU WAR MEDAL ISSUED TO A PRIVATE KILLED AT ISANDLWANA Rare and highly desirable Zulu War campaign medal awarded to Private John Sullivan of “H” Company, 1st Battalion, 24th Foot, killed by Zulu warriors at the massacre at Isandlwana, South Africa on January 22, 1879. This example bears the “1877-8-9” clasp above the medal itself. The obverse bears an image of Queen Victoria in profile and reads at edges: “VICTORIA REGINA”, while the reverse bears a lion and thistle bush, a native shield at bottom, and the words: “SOUTH AFRICA” at top. The edge of the medal is deeply engraved: “1495. PTE. J. SULLIVAN. 1/24TH FOOT.”. The medal, which swivels at top, is complete with its fully-intact ribbon. But for some light accumulated soiling, the medal is in excellent condition. The battle of Isandlwana was the first major encounter in the Anglo-Zulu War, instigated when British troops crossed the Buffalo River into Zululand. Pvt. Sullivan was under the command of Capt. George Vaughan Wardell, a Canadian whose company was among the first to cross the boundary. After a skirmish with outlying parties of the enemy, on January 20th the column advanced to the foot of Isandlwana Hill. Two days later, the Zulus attacked in force, using their traditional “horns and chest of the buffalo” tactics. At first the British advanced, then pulled back in an orderly manner until the Zulu right horn punched a hole in the British right flank. Wardell, Sullivan, and their fellow soldier, were at the center of the line and on the fringe of the break-through. Desperate fighting ensued: once flanked, they finally resorted to bayonets until they were annihilated. Of the 1,700 men at Isandlwana, 1,300 were killed no prisoners were taken. $10,000 - 12,000

399. VIETNAM AND KOREA A group of seven items in various formats signed by key players in the Korean and Vietnam wars. Includes: MARK W. CLARK, good content T.L.S. on Citadel letterhead, Aug. 22, 1980, in part: “...I am not familiar with the technical refinements of the neutron bomb, except that it’s supposed to destroy weapons rather than personnel. I am sorry the President did not see fit to develop it rapidly and deploy it to Europe as a possible deterrent to further Soviet aggression...”. A couple of stains, very good. Along with LAURIS NORSTAD, his signature on a souvenir copy of the President’s message to US Armed forces in June 1944 before D-Day; MATTHEW RIDGWAY, signed FDC honoroing McArthur, cancelled 1971; ELMO ZUMWALT, two signed cards; WILLIAM WESTMORELAND, signed card, and an S.P. signed by I. J. Pitt? showing two soldiers in front of tank in Korea, 1953. Very good. $100 - 150

400. VIETNAM A group of 10 items by prominent personalities in the Vietnam War, includes: WILLIAM WESTMORELAND (five S.P.s 8” x 10” with a separate signature on his Department of the Army card); CHUCK YAEGER (2. S.P.s 8” x 10”), and two signed cards of ELMO ZUMWALT. Very good condition, 10 pieces. $100 - 150

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Colonial & Revolutionary War Peter Stuyvesant grants a tract of land at Fort Orange, near present day Albany

401. PETER STUYVESANT (1612 – 1672) Dutch Director-General of the colony of New Netherland from 1647 until it was ceded to the English in 1664, after which it was renamed New York. A major figure in the early history of the city, Stuyvesant greatly expanded the settlement beyond the southern tip of Manhattan, built the protective wall on Wall Street, the canal that became Broad Street, and Broadway. Rare signed document as Director-General of New Netherlands and Curacao, 1p. 16” x 12 1/4”, Fort Orange [later Albany, New York], Oct. 25, 1653. Largely untranslated, but almost certainly a grant of land in the vicinity of Fort Orange to Jan [Johannes] Labate, a local official cited in Albany’s historical records. Regrettably, an 8” x 3 1/2” section of which about half is text has been lost from the left side of the document, but a later fair copy of the entire document survives and is included in the lot. The document also bears a few small holes costing some letters of text, with fold splits temporarily mended in only a few tiny areas with archival tape on verso. Stuyvesant’s large and bold signature, however, remains in fine condition. Estimated accordingly. Fort Orange (Dutch: Fort Oranje) was the first permanent Dutch settlement in New Netherland and was on the site of the present-day city of Albany, New York. Due to a dispute between the Director-General of New Netherland and the patroonship of Rensselaerswyck regarding jurisdiction over the fort and the surrounding community, the fort and community became an independent municipality, paving the way for the future city of Albany. $7,000 - 9,000

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402. JOHANNES LA MONTAGNE (c. 1586 - c. 1670) French-born physician who became the first official surgeon of New Amsterdam at a time when barbers conducted most medical procedures. Driven off his tobacco plantation in present day Central Park by Indians, he removed himself to the fort at New Amsterdam and became First Councilor to Peter Stuyvesant, commander of the troops on Manhattan Island (1640-1656), and a member of several peace commissions with the Indians. While at Albany, La Montagne was the chief administrator for a large area, including all the Dutch and Huguenot settlements along the Hudson Valley. Very rare manuscript D.S. “La Montagne”, 1p. legal folio, “Fort Orange”, New Netherlands [later Albany, New York], Aug. 12, 1658, in old Dutch. Conveyance drawn up and signed by La Montagne as commander of Fort Orange in which Johannes Baptist van Rensselaer, attorney for Jan Labitie, conveys to Jacob de Hince a house and lot in Beverwijck bound on the north by the kil, on the south by Sander Leendersen, a 40’ wide lot behind Fort Orange, for the sum of 2,350 guilders worth of good merchantable beaver pelts, with enough scarlet cloth to make a waistcoat for Labitie’s wife. The sum is to be paid in three installments in the months of August of 1659, 1660, and 1661. Folds, a very light marginal stain and typical soiling, else very good. With a later translation into modern Dutch. $2,000 - 3,000

A co-founder of Albany and backer of Captain Kidd

403. ROBERT LIVINGSTON (THE ELDER) (1654 - 1728) Fur trader and cofounder of Albany, New York, Livingston accumulated one of the greatest fortunes of the century and over 160,000 acres of land which came to be known as “Livingston Manor”. In 1696, he also backed Capt. William Kidd’s “pirate” voyage on the Adventure Galley. Pair of A.D.S.s on either side of the same legal folio sheet, each 1p., “Colony of Renselaerswyck en Schaenhechtady”, Aug. 24, 1680, in Dutch. As Secretary of the colony of New Netherlands (and likely seller), Livingston signs attesting to the sale of two parcels of land, one involving “Capt. Ph: Schuyler” of the prominent Schuyler Family of later Revolutionary War fame. Worn at folds, soiled - still quite good. Also signed by Commissioners DIRK WESSELS and ANDRIES TELLER, who was also a fur trader. $400 - 600 404. (RICHARD HENRY LEE) JOSEPH COSEY (1887 - 1950?) Notorious forger of historical letters and documents which a penchant for early American historical figures including George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, James Monroe, and Richard Henry Lee. Cosey even attempted a forged draft of Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence. Forged A.L.S. “Richard Henry Lee” 1p. 4to., Philadelphia, May 6, 1777. A particularly ambitious forgery, this one supposedly directed to Patrick Henry (another of Cosey’s favorites), reporting on political developments. In part: “...a late letter from France we understand that our enemies have given up their plan of attacking Virginia for the present... A curious act of Parliament has passed to make our opposition on the land high Treason, and on the sea Piracy... it is an acrimonious and foolish display of Tyranny...” This example appears on page 102 of Charles Hamilton’s, Great Forgers and Famous Fakes (1996 ed.). Trimmed, folds, corner losses filled in, else very good. $300 - 400 405. NATHAN DANE (1752 - 1835) American lawyer and statesman who represented Massachusetts in the Continental Congress, helped formulate the Northwest Ordinance, and introduced an amendment to the ordinance prohibiting slavery in the Northwest Territory. Partlyprinted D.S., 1p. 4to., Boston, Nov. 21, 1794, a power of attorney signed near the center of the document. Also signed twice by SAMUEL COOPER (1759-1872), a veteran of the Continental Navy who served under John Barry. Tipped to a heavier mount with a long, clean tear which could be repaired from the verso, no loss of text - still good. $75 - 100 406. JOHN PHILIP DE HAAS (1735 - 1786) American soldier, colonel of the 1st Pennsylvania regiment, served in Canada and at Ticonderoga, and after the battle of Long Island was promoted to brigadier general, serving until the close of the war. A.E.S., “J. P. de Haas”, as Justice of the Peace 1p. oblong 4to., Lancaster County, [Pa.], [n.d.] on the verso of a partial manuscript document, a deed granted to Christopher Loser. Usual folds, marginal tears repaired with archival tape, else very good. $700 - 900 407. WILLIAM IRVINE (1741 - 1804) Irish born physician who served as a brigadier general in the Continental Army and later as a Pennsylvania delegate to the Continental Congress and as a Representative in Congress. Scarce A.L.S. 1p. 4to., “Superintendant’s Office of Military Stores”, Sept. 12, 1803 to George Simpson, Cashier of the Bank of the United States. He writes, in full: “Be pleased to deliver to the bearer, the Account you were so good to say should be furnished, which the Secretary of War requested me to wait on you for—’ Usual folds, light scattered foxing, else very good. $400 - 600

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408. PETER MUHLENBERG (1746-1807) Revolutionary War brigadier general and clergyman who served under von Steuben and aided in the assaults on Stony Point and Yorktown. Manuscript D.S. as Governor of Pennsylvania, 1p. oblong folio on vellum, [Philadelphia], Feb. 11, 1788, a land certificate granted to Rachael Jones for “a Tract of Land called — ‘Widowhood’” in East Nantmeal Township in Chester County adjacent to the “Mark Bird Mine”. Countersigned by CHARLES BIDDLE as Secretary of State. With nice, intact paper seal at upper left. Usual folds, light to moderate soiling, else very good. $400 - 600

409. CHARLES COTESWORTH PINCKNEY (1746 - 1825) American diplomat and general, an aide to Washington at Brandwine and Germantown, member of the Constitutional Convention and first to report the inflammatory “XYZ Affair”. A.L.S. 2pp. 4to., Charleston, May 4, 1803 to John Cheswith, writing, in part: “I recollect very well the delivering you about a year ago a rough draught of an intended Bill in Chancery drawn several years before in my office at the desire of Mr. Aveson[?] & yourself to compell [sic] the Executors of Mr. Aaron Locock one o f you deceased solvent partners to pay his proportion of the debt for which a verdict in the federal court had been recovered against you as surviving co-partners a the suit of Greenwood and Higginson. The impression on my mind is that the suit was stopped by Mr. Clarkson’s telling me that there was no occasion to put the parties to the expense of proceeding as he would pay Mr. Lockock’s proportion as the assets should come into his hand. I do not know anything else that could have prevented the engrossing & filing the Bill....” With integral transmittal leaf addressed in his hand. Usual folds, moderate to heavy dampstains, else very good. $500 - 700

410. NATHAN RICE (1754 - 1834) Massachusetts officer, aide-de-camp to Gen. Benjamin Lincoln from 1777 to 1780. Second in command to Alexander Scammell at Yorktown and commanded the light infantry after Scammell was killed. Military-content A.L.S., 1p. oblong 8vo., Boston, Oct. 16, 1789, and writes, in part: “ As the establishment for a Regiment of Infantry directs that the Majors of a Regiment shall be allowed each a small Marquee or horseman’s Tent - You will please to make two of the horsemans Tents into small Marquees ...” Light folds and soiling, else very good. $100 - 150

411. RICHARD VARICK (1753 - 1831) Revolutionary War officer, aide to Benedict Arnold and appointed by Washington to be Secretary for Continental Army records. A.L.S. 1p. legal folio, Dec. 24, 1798 to George Simpson. Varick discusses financial affairs concerning funds two young ladies, both cousins of his wife. One had become indisposed, and Varick asks that certain transfers and disbursements be attended to. A chip at top and bottom margin, else very good. $100 - 150

412. A MASSACHUSETTS MAN OFFERS AN INDIAN AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR MILITARY SERVICE IN 1729 Unusual manuscript D.S. “N. Otis Cler[k]” 1p. 4to., [Massachusetts], Oct. 21, 1729, an affidavit concerning the case of man who attempted to offer a local Indian to subtitute when he was impressed for military service. The document reads, in full [with original spelling retained without comment]: “Benjamin Warren of Lawfull age being supened to give Evidence in a Case between James Otis Plaintiff and Joshua Shaveman defendant & saith that the said Shaveman and Elkanan Morton were imprest into His Majestys service. They having the liverty to hire one man between hem, they presented an Indian man, to me called Moses Attaquen. I examined the said Indian, whether he was any man’s servant, and he told me he was not. Howsoever, I told Shaveman & Morton that I could not accept and Indian in their rooms, but told them they should agree and I would list one of them accordingly they agreed, and I listed Elkanan Morton and told them if the Collonel would accept of an Indian it would be well. ” The James Otis named in the dispute, is more than likely James Otis Sr., the father of the radical, James Otis, Jr. Light dampstains, usual folds, else very good. $500 - 700 413. BEN FRANKLIN REBUS A painstakingly-drawn rebus copied from Benjamin Franklin’s “The Art of Making Money Plenty in Every Man’s Pocket; by Doctor Franklin”, 1p. 9 1/2” x 13 1/2”, on very lightly-lined paper, ca. 1840. The rebus, penned in dark brown ink, bears a fairly well-executed portrait of Franklin at top, with various carefully drawn images scattered about the ornate text which concludes with a fairly good copy of Franklin’s signature. One ink-eroded hole affects Franklin’s desk, else very good. $150 - 200

414. ORDERS FOR FORMING A COMPANY OF BOSTON MILITIA Interesting manuscript document, 1p. legal folio, Boston, [n.d.], titled: “New manner of forming a company in order of Battalion as practiced by the Independent companies in Boston”. This manuscript describes in great detail every movement of officers and non-coms in assembling and reviewing a company, including the drawing of swords, salutes, drum rolls, and dismissal. The writer has also included a diagram showing eight sets of footprints indicating the relative positions of the captain, lieutenants, sergeants, etc. during the proceedings. Light dampstains, else very good. $150 - 200

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415. DECORATED FRENCH 18TH CENTURY MUSKET Ornately decorated French-style 18th century military flintlock musket, .69 caliber, 55” long, possibly an 1808 pattern. The musket, still operational, bears the standard brass trim with the left side plate bearing two indistinguishable hallmarks. Original brass buttplate is also present, as is the iron ramrod. The barrel bears no marks. The wood stock has been adorned with multiple brass decorations and tacks, including a pattern of ornate circles with the seal of the British Crown at center, a second larger crown, two small “theatrical” faces, and scattered round-head brass tacks, all appearing on the right side of the firearm. The origin of this weapon is a complete mystery - it may have been a War of 1812 Canadian battlefield pick-up, or perhaps the decorations were added by an Indian who came into possession of the gun. An intruguing piece, fine for display. $1,500 - 2,000

416. REVOLUTIONARY WAR POWDER HORN WITH IMAGE OF JOSEPH BRANT Powder horn, 13 1/2” long, bearing inscriptions and fanciful drawings by an upstate New Yorker, likely a militiaman, daing back to 1777. The largest inscription reads: “John Spag[?] his horn made Oswego New York 1779” with an addition we have been unable to decipher: “CAG 11”. Beside the inscription, the owner has drawn a full-length image of a man in Indian garb pointing at Spag’s name, the figure labeled “Josef Brant”, no doubt meant to be JOSEPH BRANT (1743-1807), the Mohawk military and political leader who led Mohawks and Loyalists in northern New York in raids and battles against colonists. Also present on the powder horn is the inscription: “ARLAN H KELLUR DEAD 13 MAY 1777”beneath which appears a skull, and other images including two cherubic faces, a smiling sun, and a running figure. The carvings vary in darkness and depth, appear to have been done at different times, and show no indication of having been done mechanical means $700 - 900 417. PENNSYLVANIA MILITIAMAN’S POWDER HORN Revolutionary War powder horn, 11”, once owned and used by a Pennsylvania Revolutionary War militiaman. The horn bears an image of two rearing stallions facing each other, otherwise ornamented with ivy and flowers, and the date “1780” etched within a heart. At bottom is inscribed the owner’s name: “CHRIST’R WHITMAN MELITA [sic, militia?] BERKS CO [Berks Co., Pa., surrounding Reading]”. $400 - 500 418. GOV. THOMAS HUTCHINSON’S TENANT IS WARNED OUT OF JAMESTOWN, RHODE ISLAND Unusual A.L.S. “Isaac Peirce” 2pp. legal folio, Jamestown, [R.I.], July 15, 1771 to Edward Hull, President of the town council of Jamestown reacting to the town’s desire to “warn out” Peirce who was not considered a resident of the town. Peirce defends his right to live in the town: “...I am here by Virtue of a lease from his Excellency Thomas Hutchinson Esq. of Boston, of Good Land (whose Right or fee in or to the same I am Determined to Support & Defend as far as is Lawful…Sir I am Determined not to Depart the Town ... If you Had been Pleased to Visit Mr Hutchinson…I make no doubt he would have answered in the most Explicit manner and you beyond Dispute if you were a man of Sense...You are willing & ready to receive the Tax of Mr. Hutchinson’s farm & my Stock for the Benefit of the Town and would if it was in your power deprive him of Letting his farm to who he pleases & me from Improving of it ... I was not born on this Island but the King’s first Representative in New England has given me his Word he would Support me on it & it is my Opinion it will Puzzle you to get me off...”. The lands in question were likely part of a 1737 purchase by Hutchinson from his in-laws, Andrew Oliver and Mary Sanford (Hutchinson had married their daughter Margaret in 1734). Hutchinson leased the farms to tenants like Peirce and controlled the property until 1780 when the State of Rhode Island seized his property as was their policy for lands owned by Loyalists. $200 - 300

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Alexander Historical Auctions END OF AUCTION PART I WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 30, 2013 Auction begins at 11:00 A.M. at our Stamford, Connecticut offices.

World War II - Autographs & Documents World War II - The Holocaust World War II - Posters & Photography World War II - Relics, Uniforms, Flags, & Medals General Militaria Colonial & Revolutionary War

Lots 1 - 151 Lots 152 - 196 Lots 197 - 228 Lots 229 - 352 Lots 353 - 400 Lots 401 - 418

Alexander Historical Auctions Winter 2013  

Winter 2013 Militaria and Historical Autograph Auction