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ISSUE 6 2011
Avocado disease Lifecycle of anthracnose
Agritechnica 2011 review Effective vaccination of broilers Phytogenic feed additives Malunggay planting
Pig Buyers' Guide
Tips on poultry housing - p13
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ISSUE 6 2011
A round-up of key developments in the regional market US$15.00 (UKÂŁ9.00)
Avocado disease Lifecycle of anthracnose
Japan expands grain import capacity; Green, the new colour of rice; Farming crucial for threatened species in developing world; plus FAO Food Outlook
FIAAP, VICTAM and GRAPAS Asia 2012 preview, Agritechnica 2011 review, and an update on other upcoming events Agritechnica 2011 review Effective vaccination of broilers
Phytogenic feed additives Malunggay planting
Housing tips for poultry production in the tropics
Vaccinating broilers with the watering system
Phytogenic feed additives and ammonia emissions
Pig Buyers' Guide
Tips on poultry housing- p13
Lifecycle of avocado anthracnose
The rise of the lowly malunggay
Pig Buyersâ€™ Guide 28
An overview of the key players in the pig market
The latest innovations and agricultural technology
Major gains in efficiency of livestock systems needed
Advertisers Index AWILA Anlagenbau GmbH ..................................................................................5
JSR Farming Group ............................................................................................2
Delacon Biotechnik Ges.m.b.H ........................................................................15
Lubing Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG ........................................................36
Eurofeed Technologies ....................................................................................34
Messe Essen GmbH (IPM Essen 2012) ............................................................11
Goizper Sociedad Cooperativa ........................................................................21
Schauer Agrotronic GmbH..................................................................................7
IIR Exhibitions (AGRA Middle East 2012) ..........................................................27
Victam International bv (FIAAP Asia 2012/VICTAM Asia 2012)............................9
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FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue Six 2011
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Bulletin Indonesia to start Green Palm Oil Certification in 2012 THE INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT will start regulating its palm oil producers to check on sustainability practices from the beginning of next year, newspaper The Jarkarta Post reported. It will ask producers to submit applications for the country’s mandatory scheme, which expects all palm oil plantations to be certified by 2014. Indonesian Palm Oil Commission deputy executive director Rosediana Suharto, said the ministry of agriculture would be assessing plantations based on cultivation practices, as well as social and The government-backed certification environmental factors scheme expects all palm oil plantations in as part of preIndonesia to be certified by 2014 certification. “There are 20 companies ready for assessment. Certification will be very important for all Indonesian producers as buyers have demanded all production be sustainable by 2015,” she was quoted as saying. The government-backed certification scheme was published at the end of 2009 after consumer product giants suspended crude palm oil purchases from several major Indonesian suppliers for alleged deforestation.
Cobb to strengthen presence across Asia COBB-VANTRESS HAS OPENED a regional sales and technical office in Bangkok to serve the growing market for its broiler breeding stock in Asia. This move, which follows the appointment of Duncan Granshaw as general manager for Asia last year, makes the new office the hub of Cobb’s Asian activities, providing a permanent base for some sales and technical personnel and enhancing service to customers. Its geographical coverage will stretch from Australia and New Zealand, to Bangladesh and Nepal, as well as China, South Korea and Japan. Cobb-Vantress Philippines will retain its own office supporting parent stock customers in the country and also provide an additional base for the international sales and technical team when working in the country. With the increasing success in China, there may also be a separate office there in the future, said Cobb president Jerry Moye.
Coalition urges Japan’s inclusion in TPP talks A COALITION OF food and agricultural organizations has urged the Obama administration to work with Japan to smoothen the way for that country’s participation in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), a multilateral trade agreement. Japan recently announced its intention to join the TPP negotiations, which currently include Australia, Brunei, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Vietnam. In a letter sent to U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk, the coalition said including Japan in the trade talks would generate enormous interest and support in U.S. agriculture. “It would also spur even broader interest among other Asia-Pacific countries, which could lead to the type of Asia-Pacific regional arrangement envisioned by the administration when you embarked on these talks last year,” said the coalition. Japan’s economy is second only to China’s in the region, and it is the
fourth largest agricultural export market for the United States despite the fact that it maintains substantial import barriers. Even with the barriers, U.S. exports to Japan in 2010 were nearly US$12 billion.
INRA and NewVectys ink R&D partnership pact THE FRENCH NATIONAL Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) and the biotechnology company NewVectys signed a partnership agreement to reinforce their scientific collaboration and develop breakthrough innovations in animal biotechnology for research on human health. This partnership will promote the scientific, technological, economical and industrial synergies between INRA and NewVectys in animal biotechnologies and their applications in animal health and well-being, as well as human health. INRA and NewVectys will reinforce their cooperation by sharing their know-how and complementary strengths to develop research programs, specialized infrastructures and technological tools in the benefit of animal biotechnology and its applications to serve human health. In order to strengthen the implementation of the partnership, NewVectys will set up an R&D team specialized in animal biotechnologies at the INRA Center of Tours.
Alltech Vietnam receives ISO 22000:2005 certification GLOBAL ANIMAL HEALTH and nutrition company, Alltech, recently earned an ISO 22000:2005 certification for its plant in Dong Nai, Vietnam. The ISO certificate is consistent with Alltech’s continued commitment to provide excellence in quality assurance. “Alltech is dedicated to having every facility certified to the highest standards,” said Matthew Smith, Alltech’s Asia-Pacific director. “Consumers demand total traceability and total transparency from their suppliers. Alltech is leading this trend and in doing so, will achieve our goal of exceeding our customers' expectations.” A higher national target for livestock population growth and increasing demand for better meat quality, presents huge opportunities and challenges for the feed industry in the coming years. “Operating under our strict AQS quality control system, which exceeds global standards and regulations, we can ensure that we are at the forefront to provide the technologies and quality assured solutions our customers need in order to address these future challenges,” added Steve Bourne, Alltech vice-president.
TOPIGS imports breeding pigs to China DUTCH-BASED GENETICS SUPPLIER TOPIGS has imported 1,003 top breeding pigs to China from a nucleus farm in Canada to build up extra breeding capacity for Chinese clients. The great grandparent pigs are the top of the TOPIGS breeding pyramid and have the highest SPF health status, according to the company. The imported breeding stock will be housed at the facilities of TOPIGS Huanshan, a joint venture company of TOPIGS and Huanshan Group. “This is an important step for pig breeding in China. With the imported breeding stock, it is possible to provide fast growing professional pig industry with top shelf genetics, making it possible to produce at high level,” said Jeffen Chen, manager of TOPIGS China.
FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue Six 2011
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Events 2012 JANUARY 2012 8-9
International Crop Science Conference & Buyer Seller Meet
FEBRUARY 2012 6-7
Dairy, Pig, & Poultry Focus Asia 2012
Pasay City, Philippines
FIAAP, VICTAM & GRAPAS Asia 2012
International Veterinary Poultry Congress & Exhibition of Iran
www.cmtevents.com www.positiveaction.info www.ildex.com www.inahgen.com www.victam.com www.ivpc2012.com
MARCH 2012 3-5
Horti Expo 2012
New Delhi, India
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
MAY 2012 16-17
Pan Pacific Pork Expo
China Animal Husbandry Expo (CAHE) 2012
Japan expands grain import capacity THE U.S. GRAINS Council’s 2011 Corn Mission to Japan, China and Vietnam toured the Kushiro Port in Hokkaido, Japan, and heard firsthand the plans to expand the port’s capacity to accommodate larger vessels. Kushiro is the largest port facility in the heart of Japan’s major dairy producing area – Hokkaido, Japan. The Director of the Kushiro Port Office for Japan’s Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) Dr. Tetsuya Hayakawa explained to the group that the port was selected in June by MLIT as one of the eight ports designated to undergo a massive expansion in an effort to remain competitive internationally. While Japan can accept the Japan is the leading market for US corn capsize or the postpanamax vessels expected with the expansion of the Panama Canal, this initiative will contribute greatly to Japan’s ability to handle larger ships with a faster distribution process. Mission participant Tom Mueller, from the Illinois Corn Marketing Board, said the visit was a worthwhile and vital interaction as the expansion of the port will help to increase Japan’s grain import capacity at a competitive price. “Japan is our number one market for corn. This expansion and work to accommodate the larger vessels will help to ensure that Japan will continue to be a reliable customer. At the same time, it will help to reduce transportation costs, and positively attribute to Japan’s ability to remain competitive,” he said.
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Food Outlook THE FAO FOOD Price Index in November was virtually unchanged from its October level. At the new level of 215 points, the Index was 23 points, or 10 per cent, below its peak in February 2011 but remained two points, or 1 per cent, above its level in November 2010. The prices of cereals, one of the main commodity groups included in the Food Price Index, dropped by 3 points or 1 per cent from October. The retreat was largely driven by wheat prices, which dropped 3 per cent, while rice quotations fell only slightly and coarse grain prices remained virtually unchanged. Nevertheless, the cereals index remained 6 points higher than in November 2010. Contributing to the downward pressure on cereal prices is the significant upward revision of the 2011/2012 global cereal supply estimate as a result of better crop prospects in some Asian countries and the Russian Federation, and larger than anticipated stocks in the latter. Other factors include deteriorating world economic prospects and a strong U.S. Dollar. These are among the highlights of the latest issue of FAO's quarterly Crop Prospects and Food Situation report published today. The report confirmed a record level of world cereal production of 2,323 million tonnes for 2011.
Although marginally lower than October's estimate, this represents a 3.5 per cent increase on 2010 production. At this level, the 2011 cereal crop should be sufficient to cover the expected increase in utilization in 2011/12 and also allow for a moderate replenishment of world reserves, the report said. Among cereals, global wheat output is expected to increase by 6.5 per cent, while the forecasts for coarse grains and rice were reduced slightly due to a downward adjustment for maize in the United States and a deterioration of rice prospects in Indonesia. Total cereal utilization in 2011/2012 was forecast at 2,310 million tonnes, 1.8 per cent higher than in 2010/2011. An important feature is a sharp, 8 per cent rise in the use of wheat for animal feed given its competitive price compared to coarse grains and maize in particular. The forecast for world cereal ending stocks by the close of seasons in 2012 has been raised by almost five million tonnes since last month, to 511 million tonnes, the report said. At this level world cereal stocks would be 10 million tonnes higher than last year and the world cereal stocks-to-use ratio would increase slightly to 22 per cent. Crop Prospects and Food Situation — which
focuses on developments affecting the food situation of developing countries and in particular Low-Income Food-Deficit Countries (LIFDCs) — noted that given their likely increased import requirements, the aggregate cereal import bill of LIFDCs for the 2011/2012 marketing season would reach a record level of US$33 billion — up 3.4 per cent from 2010/2011. Reviewing the world's food security hotspots, the report said that despite some improvements in the situation in Somalia due to substantial humanitarian assistance and favourable rains food insecurity is expected to remain critical in droughtaffected areas until the harvest of short-season crops in early 2012.
FAO steps up support to South-South Cooperation IN A GROWING trend towards cooperation among countries of the global South, developing countries are putting more financial and technical muscle behind initiatives to help each other improve food security, as evidenced by new agreements fostered by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) among some of its member countries.
Under the agreement with Liberia, China will contribute more than US$ 1 million, and technical assistance through 24 Chinese experts
FAO recently co-signed two new tripartite agreements between the People’s Republic of China and the Republics of Liberia and Senegal, respectively, to support implementation of a series
of food security initiatives and projects in Liberia and Senegal. The agreements were signed in the context of the Strategic Alliance between FAO and China on South-South Cooperation (SSC) in support of programmes for food and nutrition security in selected countries. The funding provided through the new agreement comes from a US$ 30 million FAO-China Trust Fund. Under the agreement with Liberia, China will contribute more than US$ 1 million, and technical assistance through 24 Chinese experts and technicians, to support implementation of the National Programme for Food Security over a twoyear-period. In Senegal, China will provide assistance through 26 experts and technicians. “At a time when continued economic uncertainties are having an impact on the flow of traditional, North-South development assistance, South-South Cooperation is creating and building on partnerships that support the direct exchange of financial and technical contributions between developing countries,” said Laurent Thomas, FAO Assistant Director-General, Technical Cooperation Department. “FAO's South-South Cooperation (SSC) initiative was launched in 1996 to provide technical support
to country-level action on food insecurity. Since then, FAO's experience with South-South Cooperation has shown that the knowledge and skills of technical experts and field technicians from the South have made an invaluable contribution to efforts to modernize small-scale agriculture throughout the developing world,” Thomas added. A total of 47 tripartite agreements have been signed to provide technical assistance among developing countries in Africa, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, and over 1 500 experts and technicians have been fielded in the framework of various food security initiatives. In addition to the Strategic Alliance with China, letters of intent for SSC Strategic Alliance have also been signed so far with Argentina and Indonesia, and are under discussion with Morocco. In one such SSC project, Vietnamese experts are helping to implement irrigation activities in Chad to support rice cultivation and horticulture, and to increase cereal production, artisanal fishing, beekeeping and food processing. Under a tripartite agreement signed with FAO in 2010, ten Vietnamese experts are helping Chad to implement the activities under the country's five-year, US$ 200 million National Programme for Food Security (which FAO helped to design).
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Green: The new colour of rice RICE CONSUMERS WORLDWIDE can now look forward to eating “green” rice with rice farmers to adopt these practices. It will also identify criteria to assess how the launch of an initiative that will set environmentally sustainable and socially well the sustainability targets are being met and whether farmers are responsible rice production management standards. implementing the practices. The “Sustainable Rice Platform” “For example, we will harness our initiative, launched at IRRI headquarters in know-how to set standards to better the Philippines recently, will elevate rice manage insect pests in rice to reduce the production to a new level by helping unsafe and ineffective use of pesticides, farmers–whether subsistence or marketwhich can damage the environment and focused–boost their rice production, keep the health of farmers,” said Dr. Bas Bouman, the environment healthy, facilitate safer who will lead the work at the International working conditions, and generate higher Rice Research Institute (IRRI) – one of the incomes to overcome poverty and project partners. Everyone who eats rice or is engaged in rice production can improve food security. “We can also develop and promote the benefit from the "green" rice anticipated with the Sustainable “There are many different sustainable use of specialized field calculators to Rice Platform initiative technologies and practices for rice – the determine the environmental footprint of world’s most important food crop that feeds half the planet,” said Mr. James water, carbon, greenhouse gas emissions, or chemical use,” he added. Lomax, from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) that initiated Rice presents a unique challenge for any quality control system because it is the Sustainable Rice Platform. mostly grown by hundreds of thousands of poor farmers who have only very small “The trouble is, we need a way to deliver and upscale these practices,” he farms of less than 1 hectare each. Moreover, 90 per cent of rice is grown in added. “The Sustainable Rice Platform is an exciting opportunity to promote developing countries in Asia, where access to knowledge and support is limited. resource-use efficiency and sustainable trade flows in the whole of value chain of “Our formula for success lies in our track record of working with rice farmers the global rice sector.” and others in rice research and development across the private and public The Sustainable Rice Platform will learn from established commodity sector at the international, national, and local level in major rice-producing initiatives that promote sustainability such as for sugarcane, cotton, and coffee, countries,” Dr. Bouman said. “To create an impact in rice, we need to move and apply them to rice. It will set sustainability targets, develop and promote forward in two directions: public policy development and voluntary market regional and global standards of best practices for rice production, and support transformation initiatives.”
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Farming crucial for threatened species in developing world A NUMBER OF threatened species in the developing world are entirely dependent on human agriculture for their survival, according to new research by the University of East Anglia (UEA). Published recently in the journal Conservation Letters, the study concludes that many species, rather than just using farmland to supplement their natural habitat, would actually be driven to extinction without it. Species such as the White-shouldered Ibis in Cambodia, the Sociable Lapwing in Kazakhstan and the Liben Lark in Ethiopia rely on local people and their agriculture. Greatest benefit comes from local communities practising traditional agriculture with low ecological impact. Valuable practices include grazing animals on land where rare species breed and feed, and growing cereal crops which provide a rich source of food. “Conservation efforts in the developing world focus a lot of attention on forest species and pristine habitats – so people have usually been seen as a problem. But there are a number of threatened species – particularly birds but probably a whole range of wildlife – which heavily depend on the farmed environment,” said lead author Hugh Wright of UEA’s School
of Environmental Sciences. “Many of the traditional farming systems that benefit these species are now under threat both from industrial, large-scale agriculture and from more local economic development. We need to identify valuable farmland landscapes and support local people so that they can continue their traditional farming methods and help maintain this unique biodiversity.”
Greatest benefit comes from local communities practising traditional agriculture with low ecological impact
Conserving biodiversity by supporting or mimicking traditional farming methods has long been a feature in Europe, but it has rarely been applied in developing countries. The UEA researchers found at least 30 threatened
New ISO standard on traceability of fish products THE USE OF a new ISO standard on the traceability of finfish products will help improve food safety by supplying stakeholders throughout the supply chain with accurate information about the origin and nature of these products. Finfish constitute an important part of the modern food industry. People consume more and more products coming from the four corners of the globe and fish, in particular, may be caught thousands of kilometers from their place of consumption. During the past decade, several food crises have seriously affected many countries. Following the outbreak, the concept of traceability of food products has become a matter of special interest to policy makers and scientists. ISO 12875:2011, Traceability of finfish products – Specification on the information to be recorded in captured finfish distribution chains, specifies the information to be recorded in marine-captured finfish supply chains in order to establish traceability. It specifies how traded fishery products are to be identified, and the information to be generated and held on those products by each of the food businesses that physically trade them through the distribution chains. The standard deals with the distribution for human consumption of marine-captured finfish and their products, from catch through to retailers or caterers. The ISO definition of traceability concerns the ability to trace the history, application and location of that which is under consideration, and for products this can include the origin of materials and parts, the processing history and the distribution and location of the product after delivery. Traceability includes not only the principal requirement to be able to physically trace products through the distribution chain, from origin to destination, but also to be able to provide information on what they are made of and what has happened to them.
or near threatened species relying on farmland in the developing world, but further research is likely to find many more. Where local communities are threatened by industrial agriculture, which often results in people being thrown off their traditional lands, conservation may be able to provide a win-win solution, helping to safeguard farming livelihoods for local people and for wildlife. In other cases, local communities could receive economic or development benefits in return for continuing valuable farming practices that benefit wildlife. Conservation must not prevent development so any lost livelihood opportunities must be adequately compensated for. “We have seen some of the poorest villagers denied access to their traditional grassland grazing and fishing lands, once these have been allocated to large businesses for intensive rice production,” said co-author Dr Paul Dolman. “Although this helps produce food for export and helps the national economy, local people can suffer along with threatened birds which once nested in these grasslands. By identifying this link between people and threatened wildlife, we hope to help both.”
Revised guide to good dairy farming practice launched IN COLLABORATION WITH the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), IDF has produced a revised Guide to Good Dairy Farming Practice. The Guide advises dairy farmers on how to develop sustainable management systems. This has become a top priority as the social and environmental aspects of milk production are increasingly in the focus of consumers and producers. Commenting on the Guide, Helen Dornom, Chair of the IDF/FAO Project Group said: “This Guide has been written in a practical format for dairy farmers engaged in the production of milk from any dairy species all over the world. It covers key aspects such as animal health, milk hygiene, nutrition, welfare, the environment and socioeconomic management. These are essential tools to ensure that both the needs of the food industry and the expectations of consumers are met.” The revised FAO/IDF reference document comprises a comprehensive tool kit to improve quality assurance at farm level, thereby enabling dairy farmers to better respond to market incentives, to add value and to adopt new farming methods. IDF President Richard Doyle adds that: “It has always been a top priority for IDF to identify and disseminate best practice at international level, in order to guide and harmonize work on the many challenges and opportunities facing the dairy sector. This tangible result of our joint work with the FAO will support the production and marketing of safe, quality-assured milk and dairy products. I encourage every dairy farmer to adopt and use the Guide.”
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Gearing up for the one-stop feed and grain expo Preparations for FIAAP, VICTAM & GRAPAS Asia 2012 are in full swing despite the flooding that has hit parts of Thailand and Bangkok. HE SITUATION NOW seems to be improving with flood levels going down throughout Thailand and its capital Bangkok. However, BITEC, the exhibition venue for the shows and conferences, has not been threatened by flooding, nor has Bangkok’s International Suvarnabhumi Airport. Downtown Bangkok, where the majority of the city’s hotels are situated, has also remained flood free. In fact, all the facilities necessary for a successful show have not been affected and are fully operational. Over the coming weeks, the city will dry out and return to its vibrant, welcoming and
fun loving self, for which it is famed. With life returning to normal and with still almost two months before FIAAP, VICTAM & GRAPAS Asia 2012 events open, the organizers Victam International expect the event to draw senior trade executives from throughout the animal feed and grain processing industries of South and South East Asia. The exhibition will be 25 per cent larger than the previous edition in 2010 and is the biggest event by Victam International in Asia yet, according to the organizers. “There are more exhibitors, larger exhibition stands, more new product
FEED INGREDIENTS, ADDITIVES, FORMULATION
FEED PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY
1 5 – 1 7 F e b r u a r y 2 0 1 2 . B a n g k o k I n t e r n a t i o n a l Tr a d e a n d E x h i b i t i o n C e n t r e , B a n g k o k , T h a i l a n d
Asia Pacific’s largest international event for the formulation and production of safe, cost-effective animal feeds, aquafeeds and dry petfoods The conferences The FIAAP Conference 2012, Aquafeed Horizons Asia 2012, Petfood Forum Asia 2012, The Thai Feed Conference 2012
Supported by Thailand Convention & Exhibition Bureau
Co-located with GRAPAS Asia 2012 The show for rice & flour milling, grain & noodle processing, breakfast cereal & extruded snack production
Further information For additional information and free visitor registration visit: www.fiaap.com or www.victam.com
FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue Six 2011
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launches, more technical conferences. Visitors will find the latest feed ingredients and additives for animals, pets and aqua within the FIAAP exhibitors. If you are looking at animal feed processing technology then Victam is the show for you. The latest machinery and systems from all over the world will be on display. You will be able to touch those gleaming machines and get expert advice from the world’s leading manufacturers and suppliers,” a Victam International official said. The Victam show will also include many exhibitors that will be displaying the latest technology for biomass pelleting. These organic pellets are used as an alternative source for green energy. There will also be many exhibitors displaying “ancillary equipment”, for instance silos, conveyors, un/loaders, bagging, buckets, programs, etc. The “ancillary equipment” will also be applicable to the final exhibition – GRAPAS. This show is all about grain and rice milling and processing, its storage, sorting, preservation, transportation and final processing. For visitors from the rice and flour milling sectors, breakfast cereal, noodle and extruded snack producers, this show will be a must. The senior trade executives visiting the event will find a large selection of exhibitors from all over the world that will be displaying
The 2012 exhibition will be 25 per cent larger than the previous edition in 2010
ingredients and technology, some being shown in Asia for the first time, that are used in the production of animal feeds and the processing of rice and grains. Companies that supply ingredients and technology to these expanding industries are increasingly seeing the markets increase in importance to them. Companies are now investing more within this market and have realized the importance of this event and so it will be of no surprise then that visitors to the trade shows will see larger exhibition stands
displaying the latest innovations within these industry sectors. A series of conferences at the event including The FIAAP Asia Conference 2012, Petfood Forum Asia 2012, The GRAPAS Asia Conference 2012, Biomass – Pellets Update Asia, Aquafeed Horizons Asia 2012, The Thai Feed Conference, GMP+ seminar Feed safety and sustainability in the global market, et al will also be held. The shows and their conferences will open at BITEC, Bangkok on 15 – 17 February 2012. n
Global food challenges and solutions discussed at COP10 WORLD FOOD DAY was marked globally and many of the global food challenges and solutions, such as ensuring future food security, were key topics of discussions at the tenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP10) to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). This year’s theme for World Food Day focused on high global food prices, price volatility and efforts to remove price swings to create stability. According to the World Bank, in 2010-2011 rising food costs pushed nearly 70 million people into extreme poverty. “World Food Day is a powerful reminder of the vast inequalities in the availability of food for the world’s population,” UNCCD Executive Secretary Luc Gnacadja said. “High and volatile food prices are likely to be with us for some time to come.” Rising food prices and volatility have been attributed to demand outpacing food production, while food stocks are at historic lows. Other factors include market speculation, trade policies, biofuels, export restrictions and climate shocks, such as
drought. Still, Gnacadja said, a key element that was too often overlooked was land degradation, particularly in drylands areas. Gnacadja said that the majority of the 925 million people who suffered from endemic hunger in 2010 were small holder farmers and landless poor living in rural areas. Most live in areas with low land productivity. The law of marginality where marginal soils are cultivated with marginal inputs leading to marginal yields that support marginal standards of living, Gnacadja said, must be addressed. “If we want food security to prevail, we must not only address the volatility of food prices in the global markets, but we must also alleviate the stress on the food production system of the planet,” Gnacadja said at a session discussing the UNCCD’s food policy framework, earlier in the week, noting that up to half of what most people eat daily comes from drylands. Over the next 25 years land degradation could reduce global food production by as much as 12 per cent leading to a 30 per cent increase
in world food prices. More than 12 million hectares of productive land are lost due to desertification every year. While productive land becomes scarcer, providing food for the 9 billion people predicted to live on Earth in 2050 will require a 70 per cent increase in global food production. With the need growing for a diminishing natural resource, food prices must be stabilised and known solutions to reverse land degradation need to be scaled up globally. UNCCD has collected more than 200 examples of best practices from around the world, which it has shared with country parties to the conference through a web portal. A variety of examples from Africa were described as solutions which could be replicated in other countries during a side event at the conference. “To ensure the scaling up of best practices, including policy making at the national level, we will need to make sure that we mainstream all that we know that works,” Gnacadja said at a session on food security held in the COP10 Rio Conventions Pavillion.
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Agritechnica reflects growing strength of equipment industry GRITECHNICA 2011 RECORDED the highest number of trade and agriculture professional visitors the show has seen. With exhibitors achieving higher results than in the previous editions, the expo showed that the industry is on the rise for the future. “Agritechnica 2011 has impressively demonstrated the global importance of agriculture and agricultural machinery and equipment. With over 2,700 exhibitors and some 4,15,000 visitors, of whom 100,000 came from outside Germany, a new dimension has been achieved,” said Dr. Reinhard Grandke, Chief Executive Officer of the exhibition organizer DLG (Deutsche Landwirtschafts-Gesellschaft – German Agricultural Society). He added that this result confirmed Agritechnica’s leading role as global forum for the agricultural machinery and equipment industry. Agritechnica was more international than ever. The international contingent grew from 47 per cent in 2009 to 50 per cent. With around 18,000 decision-makers and investors coming from the large farms in Central and Eastern Europe, Agritechnica exerted its expected magnetic draw. These numbers represent an increase of 25 per cent by comparison with the figures for 2009. The character of the world’s largest exhibition was impressively affirmed by the rise in visitor numbers from North and South America (6,100 visitors). Visitor numbers from emerging countries such as India, China and Pakistan (2,000) also rose dramatically. Larger, faster, wider – these attributes continue to describe many developments in agricultural machinery and equipment, but their significance is increasingly and universally being upstaged by a constant influx of new developments in electronics and sensor technology. Today these factors largely determine the degree of innovation of machinery and systems with the goal of making processes even more efficient, precise, environmentally compatible and thrifty. This was strongly in evidence at Agritechnica 2011 and especially in the Special “Smart Farming Intelligent and sustainable plant production”. The information offered there on the latest developments in sensor technology, navigation and data management attracted exceptionally high interest among farmers. Special measures were taken at Agritechnica to counter the foreseeable shortage of skilled workers in the field of agricultural machinery and equipment among manufacturers and in the service sector. In the Special
FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue Six 2011
Harvesting equipment on display at Agritechnica 2011
“Workshop Live”, specialists ranging from apprentices to master craftsmen demonstrated their skills and potential on high-tech machines with typical maintenance and service work. Manufacturers also informed interested visitors about attractive career prospects for machine builders, electrotechnicians and computer specialists. More than 10,000 young farmers and students from home and abroad attended the various events at Agritechnica. Particular mention should be made of the panel discussion at which 400 young business people from many parts of Europe discussed farm management and business management issues. One of the highlights of Agritechnica 2011 was once again the “Young Farmer’s Party”, held in the TUI-Arena for the first time this year and attended by over 3,000 young people. Manufacturers of agricultural machinery and equipment were highly satisfied with the course of the industry’s mega exhibition. “As one of the three largest industrial trade fairs in the world, Agritechnica now plays in a league of its own – a status attributable primarily to the great innovative force and international market presence of the European agricultural machinery and equipment industry,” said VDMA Managing Director Dr. Bernd Scherer. n
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Renowned researchers join speaker programme at World Potato Congress
Good response to AgriPro Asia 2011
TOP POTATO RESEARCHERS from Britain and The Netherlands have joined the speaker panel at the World Potato Congress (WPC 2012) due to take place in Edinburgh, Scotland, from May 27-30, 2012. Exploiting the potato genome and how newfound knowledge will ultimately impact production, nutritional qualities and consumer needs will be the focus for Dr Glenn Bryan of The James Hutton Institute, Dundee, Scotland. Cutting the potato’s production carbon footprint down to size, as part of the industry’s sustainability agenda, will see Prof Anton Haverkort of Plant Research International, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Holland suggest actions for growers. Lead speaker on the first day, Prof Sir John Beddington, UK government chief scientific adviser, will examine the global challenges of food security in the coming decades and how policymakers can influence more sustainable intensification of agriculture with crops like the potato. He will discuss the recommendations of the UK Government Office for Science Global Food and Farming Futures report and how, one year on, this has been taken forward globally. Dr Bryan, who led the UK arm of the research team that sequenced the genome of
AGRIPRO ASIA EXPO (APA)— one of the leading global agricultural trade events held in Hong Kong recently— drew good response. APA served as a springboard for international products to enter Greater China and Asia Pacific Region. Concurrent event, Agricultural Conference Asia (ACA) offered a sharing and learning platform for the agricultural industry. Speakers from various agricultural institutes, production units, distribution channels, government officials and trade bodies shared their views on latest agricultural trends, including market intelligence, technology, environmentallyfriendly agriculture, investment opportunities, specific countries trade rules and regulations. Spread across an area of 5,000 sqm, and with exhibitors from nearly 20 countries, the event was successful in attracting large number of visitors.
the potato, will explain how putting more science into the sector will make breeding programmes more effective. “The use of genetics-based selection methods is very promising and technology to exploit the genome sequence is already underway,” he explains. “I can see that collaborative working involving scientists and breeders in different countries will lead to the introduction of baseline traits, such as nematode resistance, that will benefit all varieties. Individual breeders will then carry out work to introduce traits of particular relevance to their own geographic region.” According to Prof Haverkort, the scientific community attending World Potato Congress will exchange important knowledge with peers and the commercial sector. “A significant issue will be to ensure we move forward together towards establishing a sustainable industry that makes best use of energy, land, water and chemicals as our goal. We’ve worked worldwide to define and quantify the carbon footprint and now we need to develop measures in the potato industry to ensure constraints on production can be avoided.” Online registration for delegates and partners to attend WPC 2012 is available at www.wpc2012.net.
Importance of saturated fatty acids’ functionalities stressed EACH SATURATED FATTY acid (SFA) has specific functionalities and should be evaluated as such, said nutrition expert Professor Philippe Legrand. Prof. Legrand spoke at the 11th European Nutrition Conference in Madrid, Spain, after his presentation at the IDF World Dairy Summit in Parma, Italy. His current research focuses on specific traits of saturated fatty acids (SFA), showing that even long chain SFA such as lauric acid (C12:0), myristic acid (C14:0), and palmitic acid (C16:0) have important functions in our body. “The real issue is the issue of intake. We need a better understanding of the effects of a moderate consumption of C12:0, C14:0 and C16:0. The available controlled trials too often have only evaluated extreme intakes of these fatty acids, and thus do not reflect normal dietary intake,” Pr. Legrand explained “We need more studies with moderate intake levels to evaluate when and how C12, C14 and C16 fatty acids can be deleterious,” he said. “A detailed analysis of specific functionalities of each SFA is crucial and SFAs can’t be studied as one indivisible group. This was underlined in the recent guidelines published by the French Food Safety Agency (ANSES), a very positive step forward,” he added. This research will ultimately help consumers to identify dairy foods as part of a healthy and balanced diet.
2nd RubberPlant Summit to be held in Indonesia THE 2ND RUBBERPLANT Summit will be held on 06-07 February, 2012 in Bali, Indonesia. The Summit explores in-depth key developments and challenges facing the natural rubber plantations and producing countries. The Indonesian government has put rubber on the fast track by focusing on improved planting policies to achieve greater yield and productivity. As the second largest producer of natural rubber, Indonesia plays a pivotal role in meeting global demand and has the pressing need to engage in new strategies to optimize production. Natural rubber continues to boom with a strong stable growth. Driven by the tire sector and key markets like China, India and Malaysia which account for 48 per cent of global usage, countries are stepping up measures to increase production through replanting and rehabilitating old plantations. New plantations are cultivated in the traditional rubber growing belt alongside emerging rubber producing countries like Cambodia and Philippines. Amid the tremendous potential and expanding acreage of natural rubber cultivation, plantation companies are continuously striving to increase yield and productivity. The search for high quality clones and in some instances processing technology and manpower issues are crucial challenges to overcome.
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Photograph: Big Dutchman
Housing tips for poultry production in the tropics
Achieving the ideal environment for birds depends on appropriate management of the poultry house OULTRY PHYSIOLOGY IS at the root of birds’ inability to cope with high temperature conditions especially with accompanying high humidity, but producers can design and manipulate housing to minimise heat stress and resulting loss of production. The internal body temperature of domesticated gallinaceous birds (chickens) at 41.2°C to 42.2°C is measurably higher than that of mammalian livestock and humans (36°C to 39°C). The upper temperature limit beyond which living cells and tissues progressively fail to operate is governed by the temperature at which enzymes (enzymic proteins) are denatured (destroyed) by loss of configuration (shape) and chemical activity. This starts to occur in the region of 46°C and thus poultry have considerably less leeway than other animals when suffering from heat stress and quickly succumb to higher temperature. In comparison, actual body temperature of poultry may fall as much as 20°C below the normal range with birds still making full recovery if carefully re-warmed.
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Domestic poultry is clearly less tolerant of heat than cold and much more likely to die from heat stress (hyperthermia) than succumb to stress associated with low temperature (hypothermia). Poultry are not well adapted and disposed to high ambient air temperatures. They lack sweat glands in the skin and are therefore unable to gain much from natural evaporative cooling, although there is some direct diffusion of water through the skin tissue. Only the head appendages (e.g. comb) are very rich in blood vessels and able to act as sites for direct loss of heat, so poultry appears to have few limited options for heat loss in warm conditions.
Heat loss Chickens dip their faces in water and allow drips to fall from the facial appendages thus encouraging some loss of heat when the water evaporates from the surface of the body. Furthermore, blood vessels in the facial appendages and the legs vasodilate (come closer to the surface of the skin) to promote so-called ‘sensible’ heat loss (conduction,
convection and radiation) from the body in addition to ‘insensible’ heat loss by evaporation. A distinction is made because ‘sensible’ heat loss contributes to warming up of the poultry environment, whereas evaporating water molecules actually take heat out of the environment by absorbing ‘Latent Heat of Evaporation’. That said, most heat loss achieved by hens is through the respiratory system and more specifically the lungs. Avian lungs are small in relation to total body size but have big nonvascular air sacs which play no role in gaseous exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Instead, they present large areas of wet surface for loss of water by evaporation and therefore evaporative cooling. Birds lose this heat through an activity called ‘panting’ which starts to occur when body temperature reaches 43°C. The negative effects of high humidity come into play and pose additional related problems which are specifically dangerous to poultry. Air saturated (up to capacity) with water vapour prevents further water loss from birds through evaporation. The role of relative humidity is closely associated with temperature. At 20°C, relative humidity can be raised up to 90 per cent with seemingly little effect on either food conversion efficiency or growth rate. At 29°C,
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raising the humidity to around 70 per cent has a discernible inhibitory effect on the rate of growth of broiler chickens. Birds continually generate heat through body metabolism but during high ambient air temperatures of 35°C to 40°C, which is not much below normal internal temperature, they are unable to discharge all by evaporation. Body temperature, therefore, starts to rise causing even more heat to be produced and if unchecked results in acute heat stress and death from hyperthermia. The feeding process including moving around to find food, ingestion, digestion and assimilation generates heat so the bird’s metabolism reacts logically by reducing food intake. Water intake may double initially but slips back to normal levels. There are well documented negative effects of heat stress on layers including reduced egg production, lower egg weight and shell weight and for broilers increased total carcass and abdominal fats.
Environmental conditions Overall effect of the tropical environmental is usually greatest for high yielding hybrid hens which have been bred for temperate climate production, where the consequences of low temperature-induced cold stress are more important than thermal stress brought about by high temperature and high humidity in tandem. Hybrid birds are invariably raised in large and appropriately designed houses and there is
every temptation to copy and adopt such designs for the tropics. But they may be technically inappropriate for prevailing environmental conditions as well as the economics of production. Such designs are unable to keep out sufficient heat by insulation or create the necessary degree of air movement and flow to achieve optimum in house climate for maximum productivity. Poultry house design should be directly related to environmental conditions and tropical Asian producers should go for housing which suits their climate. Two distinct climatic areas in tropical Asia need to be catered for. First are those areas lying 15° either side of the Equator and experiencing temperature ranges of 25°C to 35°C with exceptionally high humidity and accompanying small air movements. Second is the classic hot arid area experiencing a much wider range of temperature from 10°C to 49°C with distinct and marked diurnal (day/night) and seasonal (summer/winter) variations not seen in the humid Equatorial regions. Such regions which typically occupy the outer tropical zone (1530° North and South of the Equator) receive high intensities of solar radiation but considerably more frequent and higher velocity air movements (winds).
House location and vegetation First consideration is where to locate the poultry house. As a general rule, house sites
should take full advantage of local topography (lie of the land) so that maximum use is made of prevailing air currents and shading from high land masses. Consult local records of wind velocity and direction and orientate houses to benefit from prevailing air movements. Always locate the house well away from concentrated blocks of tall plantation tree crops like rubber and other buildings so there is no interference with natural air flow onto and through the poultry house. Tall trees with bare trunks and foliage in crowns and sited sparingly near the house can provide good shading benefits without interfering with the flow of air. But small bushy trees and shrubs like citrus and mango have an overall negative effect because they are not tall enough to provide shade but will still interrupt air flows. Appropriately sited trees and other vegetation may complement cooling of the house through transpiration of water from the leaves taking heat (Latent Heat of Vapourisation) from the immediate environment for evaporation. Indeed air movements across transpiring crops in hot climates can reduce ambient air temperature by up to 3°C. In hot dry areas, poultry house location near crops including pasture under irrigation can bring considerable rewards. Grassland and other low profile cover crops like alfalfa, groundnuts, cowpeas (Vigna) or cucurbits such as cucumber, pumpkin or musk melon
Poultry house design should be directly related to environmental conditions and tropical Asian producers should go for housing which suits their climate
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absorb solar radiation from the environment. Bare ground and soil will reflect considerable amounts of solar radiation onto the poultry house. It is not a good idea to locate poultry houses near dense natural vegetation or crops like sugar cane and cocoa all of which may harbour rodent predators like brown rats. Ducks always reserve an area outside of the house occupying an equivalent to half the house area for a pond of shallow water which need to be no more than 30 cm deep. With this supplied, ducks can often withstand high ambient temperatures that would otherwise cause high mortality in chickens and turkeys. Clearly there are no hard and fast rules but it’s more of a ‘mix and match’ question.
Building design Roof design and construction in the tropics must ensure total interception of solar radiation to prevent direct heat transference onto birds in the poultry house. Shade is crucial and can halve the heat load on hens. Heat load is minimised when hens are surrounded by cool surfaces. Insulation of galvanised iron roofs is essential because it reduces transference of long-wave radiation down onto the birds.
Obvious choice for cost effectiveness is grass or other dried thatch but care must be exercised because it may harbour vermin and parasites. Colour and nature of roof surface will have considerable impact on the amount of solar radiation absorbed with white and smooth shiny surfaces staying cooler than equivalent dark coloured and rough surfaces. Painting the roof white is clearly a good idea not only because of the colour but also as an anticorrosion measure to stop development of a rough surface coating of rust. Regular movement of air within the house takes away heat, water vapour and pollutant chemicals including ammonia from the faeces and if the birds are in battery cages continual air flow is crucial to stop those in the higher situated cages getting to hot. Depending on actual climate it may be necessary to have one permanent solid wall to shield birds from strong wind and driving rain that can occur at any time of the year, but for others a temporary erection facility may be all that is needed to protect birds during three months of an annual cooler rainy season. Poultry houses for relatively small number of birds in the hot dry tropics, having big day/night fluctuations in temperature, benefit
Acetic acid supplementation reduces the effects of heat stress in poultry SUPPLEMENTING LAYER FEED with acetic acid may provide an effective, cost-efficient method of achieving significant reductions in the negative effects of heat-stress, resulting in major improvements in egg production and quality, according to Anitox, a company that offers pathogen elimination and mould control products for the feed milling and primary meat, egg and fish production industries. “High environmental temperatures can have a significant detrimental impact on laying hen performance, reducing feed intake, egg production and quality, as well as increasing mortality. Alleviating the effects of high environmental temperatures can therefore significantly improve flock performance and profitability,” said Alan Doyle, the company’s Business Development Manager. Independent research has demonstrated that the administration of acetic acid can have a very positive effect on the performance of laying hens during periods of heat stress. Conducted with commercial laying hens reared during a period when the average environmental temperature was 35°C, it demonstrated that acetic acid supplementation at a rate of 400-600ppm significantly increased egg production and quality, resulting in increased egg numbers, weight, diameter and length, together with improved shell and egg quality. “Increasing acetic acid intake is often achieved by supplementing drinking water, but in some cases a more practical option is through the use of Maxi-Mil A during the feed manufacturing process. The unique Anitox Maxi-Mil Programme was primarily developed by Anitox to increase feed mill efficiency and it is widely used in countries with inherently warm climates to reduce process losses. Mills using Maxi-Mil A could also add it to layer mash at an inclusion rate of 1kg per tonne to produce feed containing the equivalent of adding 440ppm of acetic acid to drinking water.”
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from walls with high heat capacity and low heat conductivity. This means they absorb heat in the day and release it at night thus equalising house temperature over the twenty four hour cycle. This is not advisable for poultry units housing large numbers of birds as there will be insufficient air flow to prevent high accumulations of ammonia which impede respiration and feed intake. Large units were traditionally built as opensided structures to encourage maximum natural air movement which after all is both cheap and totally reliable. More enclosed houses are now springing up which clearly require at least some environmental control whether it be from ventilation systems providing continuous air flow, high pressure misting systems or fogging/cool pad/ tunnel ventilation systems which rely on a combination of evaporative cooling and air flow. Installation of such systems clearly requires considerably higher initial investment but poultry producers moving towards environmental control should also keep an eye on reliability of electricity supply and certainly build cost of a standby generator into their calculations. n Dr Terry Mabbett
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Vaccinating broilers with the watering system The watering system has evolved into a great tool for vaccinating large numbers of birds at once. With careful planning and preparation, this delivery method can ensure birds receive the vaccine in a timely and effective manner fashion. HE WATERING SYSTEM has become the preferred method for administering live vaccines to broiler flocks because of the amount of labor it saves. A producer can vaccinate thousands of birds at one time. However, producers need to ensure that they perform the vaccination process correctly. Mistakes in administering the vaccine can destroy the vaccine virus and result wasted time and money.
Clean and biofilm free Besides having clean water, ensure that the watering systemâ€™s interior walls and the drinkers are clean and biofilm free by administering a hydrogen peroxide based cleaner and performing a high-pressure flush. (Always follow the watering system manufacturerâ€™s recommendations for effective
Water quality The quality of water used in the vaccination process is of vital importance. Water consists more of hydrogen and oxygen atoms. It also contains a variety of substances dissolved or suspended in it. Those added materials could drastically affect the vaccine. For instance, chlorine in water from a municipal system can kill the virus. To reduce the number of substances in the water, discontinue using any disinfectants and additives one to two days before the vaccination date. Also, consider adding skim milk powder to the water to protect the virus from chlorine or other materials. The skim milk acts as a protein source and the vaccine virus attaches to it. Sometimes, producers will substitute fatty milk powder because skim milk powder is more difficult to find. However, fatty milk powder does not dissolve as well as skim milk, and it leaves more residue on the walls of the pipes. (The manufacturer of the vaccine or a veterinarian can offer advice on how to use this strategy.) Ideally, water coming into the poultry house should meet the same microbiological standards as potable water for human consumption. The water should be clear, odorless and tasteless. To meet this standard, test the water on a regular basis (at least annually) to determine its makeup. Water quality, however, can change over time. Producers should pay particular attention to the source of their water during times of drought. As the water table lowers, the quality of water can change.
Producers should pay particular attention to the source of their water during times of drought
flushing and the hydrogen peroxide producerâ€™s guidelines for effective use and safe handling requirements.) Refrain from using any disinfectants and additives for about 24 hours before the scheduled vaccination intervention. Conduct the hydrogen peroxide intervention and the first flush at this time. This will ensure the
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Water coming into the poultry house should meet the same microbiological standards as potable water for human consumption. The water should be clear, odorless and tasteless. To meet this standard, test the water on a regular basis (at least annually) to determine its makeup. system is clean by removing biofilm, chemicals and any impurities in the pipes. Perform a second hydrogen peroxide cleaning and high-pressure flush about 24 to 48 hours after the vaccination. This removes any lingering skim milk or dead vaccine that can build up on the walls of the pipes. Remove this material because it is nutrient rich and encourages pathogens and the formation of biofilm
Administering the vaccine The best time to administer vaccine is early in the morning. The birds are most active then and water consumption is at its peak. Turn off the water supply and allow the birds to drink the line dry. This will take
about an hour. Confirm that lines are dry by removing a drinker and check for the absence of water. Then, winch all watering lines well above the birds’ heads so that they cannot reach the drinkers. Withhold all water from the flock for about 90 minutes. This will make the birds thirsty and ready to drink. When water starving a flock, take into account weather conditions. For instance, in very warm weather, decrease the amount of time that water is withheld. The birds should not become overly thirsty because then they will fight for the water, spilling medication. Use the water starvation time to create a stock solution according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Producers can inject the stock
New TwinClean Line from Lubing LUBING HAS INTRODUCED TwinClean drinking system to achieve complete hygiene, particularly during the processes of rearing and growing birds. “The drinking water in the TwinClean Line is continuously circulated inside the drinking line. In addition, a pump is installed in the circulation unit, which pumps the water with defined pressure to the upper line of the drinking line profile. The water runs to the end and flows back again in the lower nipple pipe to the pump. A float switch regulates the pump unit automatically. It ensures that the pump does not run without water,” a company official said. As with other Lubing drinking systems, the height of the water column is set at the pressure regulator. The correct height adjustment is measured at the breather at the pressure regulator. The flow rate of the pump can be adjusted with the flow rate controller. “The adjustment depends of the installed drinking line length and is only made once with start-up. The balls in the two front breathers indicate the difference of pressure between upper and lower line. The drinking line principle is laid out in such a way that the pressure at the end of drinking line is always higher as in front at the pressure regulator. Therefore drinking line lengths up to 120 m with only one front connected pressure regulator can be realized.” Lubing TwinClean Line system
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solution into the supply lines with a proportioner or can mix the solution in a holding tank at the proper stock solution to water ratio. Maintaining the proper ratio is very critical for effective and desired results. Allow the vaccinated water to fill all the watering lines from end to end. Then, lower the lines and gently drive birds to the drinkers. This is especially important for young chicks. During the birds’ first three weeks of life, water consumption is erratic. While it’s difficult, try to ensure each bird gets at least one dose of the vaccine. Do not provide any other source of water until the flock has consumed the vaccine. With long drinker lines, some producers worry that birds at the start of the drinking line receive more vaccine than those at the far end. Check this by putting a harmless food-grade dye into the water and watching how much it stains the birds’ tongues at different sections of the line. Experts generally say a vaccination is successful if up to 90 percent of the birds exhibit the dye on their tongues. n Source: Ziggty Systems Inc.
China-Brazil agreement boosts poultry trade MORE BRAZILIAN PROCESSING plants are being certified to export poultry meat to China, expanding the bilateral trade relationship between the two countries, according to a recent report in China Daily. Brazil is the world's largest exporter of poultry and the increasing demand in China has resulted in a rise in imports. However, not all Brazilian slaughterhouses are allowed to export to China, because some of them have yet to implement the technical and hygienic procedures required to obtain a green light from Chinese regulators. Therefore, Brazil's current output, most of which has already been sequestered by other countries, is unable to satisfy orders from Chinese dealers, said Adriano Zerbini, market relations manager of the Brazilian Poultry Association (UBABEF), the country's largest poultry industry organization. Analysts said the poultry business is a microcosm of trade between China and Brazil. They are two major emergingmarket economies and could prove crucial for the ongoing global economic recovery, especially at a time when Europe is suffering a sovereign debt crisis and the US economy remains fragile with uncertain prospects.
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‘One-stop’ source of information on all livestock and poultry vaccines A NEW ON-LINE database aims to become a unique free ‘one-stop’ source of information on all the livestock and poultry vaccines produced throughout the world. Vetvac.org is a free to access and easy to use searchable database which provides detailed information about livestock and poultry vaccines. Currently, the Vetvac database contains information on nearly 2,000 livestock vaccine products produced by more than 95 manufacturers. This included cattle, sheep, goat, pig and poultry vaccines available in the Australia, UK, Africa, India, South America and the United States. It is being expanded and updated on a continuous basis, and aims to cover all markets, providing the most complete compendium of licensed livestock vaccine products available worldwide. The database developers, Inocul8 and the Global Alliance for Livestock Veterinary Medicines (GALVmed), both of whom are based in Edinburgh, envisage that Vetvac.org will be especially useful to vaccine manufacturers and developers, and animal health professionals and livestock keepers.
Josef Geoola, Vetvac’s co-founder, said, “Although there are a number of on-line databases and websites that focus on livestock vaccines, none provide the global coverage that Vetvac.org aims to achieve – our product will be unique.” Through Vetvac.org, vaccine manufacturers will be able to bring their products to the attention of potential new users and identify new business opportunities. Developers will be able to review what vaccines already exist before committing resources to developing new products. Vetvac.org will also makes independently verified information available to vaccine users. Vetvac’s developers are keen to engage with all vaccine manufacturers, large and small, so that the database can be truly global and comprehensive in its coverage. This entails downloading, completing and submitting a form. From the manufacturers’ side, this entails making all their vaccine datasheets available, ideally in electronic formats, and ensuring that all new products are added to the database.
Meriden launches new product for use in Aquaculture Hatcheries MERIDEN ANIMAL HEALTH is launching a new product for the early days of larval rearing which mirrors an optimal wild larval diet. Phyconomix is a ready to use range of products, available in a liquid and powder form, designed to fulfill the nutritional requirements of growing shrimp and fish larvae. “The importance of optimal nutrition during the early periods of life is paramount in any living species. In aquaculture as with other animals, the young are vulnerable and adequate nutritional provision for fry and post larvae reduces risk of mortality and poor development,” a company official said. “Shrimp and fish larval nutrition is generally poorly understood. Specific nutrients involved in optimal growth, survival and immunity can be missing in standard dietary regimes or at best, present at levels capable of negatively impacting on larval quality and quantity. It is generally accepted that essential fatty acids, phospholipids, vitamins, trace elements and carotenoids figure prominently in this scenario, and delivery methods for such nutrients must also be optimal to ensure maximum delivery to target organs.” Both shrimp or fish larvae have a requirement for optimum nutrition and it has been shown that Phyconomix can meet these requirements, without the need, cost, labour or disease risk of having to produce algae within the hatchery, according to the company.
Many of the largest vaccine manufacturers are already working with the Vetvac.org developers to ensure their vaccine ranges are included in the database. Ceva Santé Animale’s Director of Public Affairs, Pierre-Marie Borne, who is also a voluntary member of GALVmed’s board said, “Vetvac.org is a very valuable resource, addressing a significant gap which current online tools are missing. By providing a highly searchable, user-friendly portal for vaccine information, Vetvac has the potential to help Ceva reach a greater range of target users.” Any vaccine manufacturers who would like to have their products included in the database can contact the Vetvac.org team at email@example.com and more information can be found at www.vetvac.org Vetvac.org is being compiled by Inocul8 and GALVmed with funding provided by the European Regional Development Fund. Inocul8 is a company formed by the Moredun Research Institute, Scotland to facilitate commercial development of emerging technologies.
UK pig breeder opens 900-sow joint venture in China PIG FARM The pig farm is located in the Xiangyang region of Hubei HUBEI Liangyou JSR Breeding Limited, a new Chinese joint venture between JSR Genetics and stateowned Hubei L i a n g y o u Livestock & Poultry Company, was opened recently. The pig farm, built on a Greenfield site, located in the Xiangyang region of Hubei, will house a 900-sow high health JSR nucleus herd, and marks a major step forward for JSR who have increasingly targeted China for its exceptional growth potential. “Establishing a nucleus herd here, with the support of a state owned company, is a tremendous achievement for JSR,” said Paul Anderson, The Hubei Liangyou JSR Breeding Limited - International Sales Director. “China is a rapidly expanding market, already home to half the world’s pigs and the Hubei Province itself is the country’s third largest pig producing area.” Built on a 66-hectare greenfield site, the unit provides an ideal opportunity for incorporating the latest technology and biosecurity. “We are recommending a nucleus herd based on JSR Genepacker GGP Gilts – large white and landrace – and JSR Geneconverter Boars, the 500 and 700. We believe this specification will meet Chinese regulations for nucleus herds and provide the lean, lower fat, feed efficient pigs that the Hubei market requires,” Anderson added.
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Phytogenic feed additives and ammonia emissions Within the swine industry the largest emissions concern is Ammonia (NH3), which is known for its negative impacts on the environment as well as animal health. Among several strategies, feed supplementation with plant-derived substances has shown substantial benefits in reducing ammonia emissions in pig production systems. ITH A GROWING world population, the global demand for animal protein including pork will continue to grow in the future. As a consequence of increasing demand, animal production will face several challenges. In order to provide safe, high-quality food supply for a growing population, there is an urgent need for increasing agricultural production and for improving production efficiency. Intensification of animal husbandry, however, may cause more gas and odor emissions originating from animal production facilities. Several gases occurring in swine farms are known for their negative effect not only on animals, but also on the wellbeing of workers. Ammonia (NH3) is one of these harmful gases. It is a colorless gas with pungent odor, derived from the degradation of nitrogenous feed ingredients. Among others, its negative effects on animals include increased susceptibility to respiratory diseases and reduced performance. Furthermore, it may contribute to soil acidification, and odor release, if applied to the soil in excessive levels. There are many proposed actions and strategies to reduce livestock-related ammonia emissions, such as ventilation, nutrition and manure treatment. Nutritional strategies include diet formulation as close as possible to the animalâ€™s actual requirement based on digestible amino acids. Another option that has recently gained increasing importance is the inclusion of phytogenic feed additives in the swine diet.
Phytogenic feed additives By definition, â€˜Phytogenicsâ€™ are plant-derived materials with the potential to improve feed intake and/or growth performance of animals. Due to their unique structure and composition (mainly natural essential oils), phytogenic feed additives were reported to exert positive effects on animal performance and health. Interestingly, feeding phytogenic feed additives to livestock was also found to decrease ammonia emissions, which contributed to the improved performance of the animal by allowing it to better utilize the amino acids in the diet. In a recent trial, a matrix-encapsulated phytogenic feed additive based on a blend of essential oils was tested for its effects on growth performance and ammonia and odor emissions of growing-finishing pigs. In this formulation, essential oils (of oregano, thyme, anise and citrus) are encapsulated in a specific matrix, designed to provide enhanced bio availability, stability and improved handling and processing properties. The control group was fed a basal diet and the experimental group was fed the same diet with addition of the phytogenic feed additive in a concentration of 150 or 100 g/ton in the grower and finisher diet, respectively. The two groups were both kept in identical, isolated barns, equipped with sensors for measuring ammonia and other gases in the
Phytogenic feed additives can represent a powerful and applicable solution
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Figure 1. Effect of a phytogenic feed additive on ammonia concentrations in the barn air
barn air. Ventilation rates were identical in both barns, as well. The results revealed that pigs fed the phytogenic feed additive had higher weight gain and 4.3 per cent better feed conversion ratio, confirming the results of previous trials and field reports. In addition, ammonia emissions were on average 24.4 per cent lower in comparison to the control group, indicating the potential of phytogenic substances to contribute to a significant reduction in ammonia emissions. The ammonia concentrations recorded in the barn air are shown in Figure 1. Furthermore, less CO2 and odors were emitted by pigs fed the phytogenic feed additive.
Figure 2. Effect of a phytogenic feed additive on odor emissions on four sampling days
Odor emissions, measured by olfactometry analysis of air sample taken on four days, were reduced by 29.4 per cent (Figure 2). In the light of these results, it is apparent that one possible solution lies in the feed, where the phytogenic substances were capable of reducing the levels of fermentation products and increasing protein digestibility. Feed supplementation with matrix-encapsulated phytogenic substances is therefore regarded as an option not only to improve growth performance, but also to alleviate emissions from pig production systems. Aerial ammonia emissions in pig production units can have a negative impact
on animals, workers and the environment. There is big potential in reducing ammonia emissions by including plant-derived, i.e. phytogenic substances in pig diets. In this article it was shown how a single feed additive substantially reduced ammonia (-24 per cent) and odor emissions (-29 per cent) in a controlled experiment. Therefore we can conclude there are powerful natural solutions available to agriculture that can substantially contribute to reducing the environmental impact of animal production. n By Ahmed Aufy, Eduard Zentner and Tobias Steiner, Biomin
New WEDA demand feeding station for group management WEDA HAS DEVELOPED Sow-Comp, the new demand feeding station with improved visualisation to which up to 25 devices can be connected. With the new system, the entire agricultural animal management will be created in a more flexible way. Each animal is identified at the control computer by means of an ear tag transponder, which adjusts the feed requirements to the individual animal data. The feed amount is regulated depending on class and gestation and is automatically adapted according to the weight of the sow. Accordingly, the feed amount assigned to the sow is dosificated at the trough. Once the animal has exhausted its contingent, the system switches off the components in order to protect the technology and to save energy. The WEDA demand feeding station is not only employed as a feeding computer but also as an animal house management system. By means of the Sow-Comp, the unit operator has a comprehensive instrument with intelligent control technology at his side, which adapts itself to individual requirements and changed unit sizes. The system is disturbance resistant, easy to operate, and it
is especially well suited for the management of larger groups. The visual presentation of the unit has been considerably improved, presenting the
Sow-Comp demand feeding station
user the status of the demand feeding stations, of the feed preparation and of animal movements. The status lights are attached to the demand feeding station in such a way that they can be easily recognized from any position inside the house. It is a novelty that now up to 25 demand feeding stations and devices can be connected to a system. Each station can now by request be called up and operated from the computer (if required also manually) in order to obtain detailed information and to carry out settings. The feeding computer of the Sow-Comp is ISO-AgriNet-capable and compatible with customary feeding, separating, and heat systems. It is easily connected with the WEDA Exzellent 4PX computer, which controls and monitors the processes in the feed preparation. In order to prevent surpluses, the computer requests the exact feed amounts at the feeding computer. Each station is able to feed out customary kinds of feed in liquid or dry form or additives. Three kinds of colour can be integrated for marking. The colour dosificators regularly report the filling levels to the control system which in turn signalizes for how many animals the colour still suffices.
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‘Secret’ life of avocado anthracnose Anthracnose of avocados is a latent disease and the symptoms only develop after picking, while infection would have taken place several months earlier in the orchards. Dr Terry Mabbett presents the lifecycle of the causal organism. VOCADO—WHICH ORIGINATED in Central America, particularly in highelevation areas of Mexico and Guatemala—is now being produced commercially throughout the tropics and subtropics with Asian and Pacific Rim countries including India, Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and Australia and New Zealand becoming increasingly important producers. Wherever grown, avocado is plagued by fungal pathogens infecting the leaves and fruit and one in particular called anthracnose caused by the fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Avocado trees invariably grow in conditions conducive to the rapid spread and
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development of fungal diseases including anthracnose, while at the same time being subject to intense weathering pressure on fungicide deposits applied for season long protection. The dense tree canopies displayed by some avocado varieties aggravate disease development by prolonging high humidity levels, making the disease control more difficult to achieve. Thick waxy deposits which cover the surface of avocado leaves and fruit mean only those fungicides showing good particle-plant surface adhesion and high tenacity in the face of heavy rainfall stand any chance of control. Particulate fixed copper fungicides, which are
protectant in action, provide the best all-round option for the control of avocado anthracnose and other common diseases. Cuprous oxide is generally accepted as most efficacious of the fixed copper fungicides on a ‘gram for gram’ comparative basis. Anthracnose disease of avocado has an extra dimension which makes control even more difficult to achieve. Infection (of the fruit) can take place at any time after fruit set, but major disease developments and damage do not show up until after-picking, during postharvest storage, transit and marketing. This is due to the development of latent infections established weeks or months while the fruit
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was still on the tree. As such, anthracnose of avocado has a ‘secret life’ lasting from fruit infection in the orchard until post-harvesting stage. The only way to block the ‘secret life’ of avocado anthracnose is to spray the trees with cuprous oxide by targeting the fruit and timing applications to cover the entire period of fruit susceptibility.
Anthracnose of avocado Anthracnose is the most widespread and serious disease affecting the leaves, flowers and fruit of avocado in the wet and humid tropics. Ability of the pathogen to infect a range of other fruit tree crops including mango just adds to the problem. Spores of the anthracnose fungus are spread in water and most avocado cultivars are susceptible. Infection of avocado fruit by the anthracnose pathogen can occur at any time after fruit set with spores spread by rainfall, surface moisture as dew (condensation) and by over-head irrigation. The majority of spores originate from dead leaves trapped in canopy and infected fruit which have not fallen from the tree. Infection occurs with the spore germinating on the surface of an avocado fruit to form a short germ tube with a spherical structure (appressorium) at the tip. What happens next depends largely on whether the fruit skin is intact or damaged in some way. Pre-harvest anthracnose occurs mainly on
Healthy crop of avocados
Physical damage can induce anthracnose and other rots in harvested fruit
fruit that has suffered mechanical or insect damage. Large diseased areas subsequently spread quickly across the fruit which will usually fall prematurely. The other form of preharvest anthracnose takes the form of small, dark and disfiguring spots which sometimes occur around the lenticels (natural openings) in the fruit skin. On undamaged avocados, infections usually remain latent (completely quiescent) until the full mature fruit is harvested and starts to ripen. During the ripening period, a narrow infection peg emerges from under the appressorium to penetrate the skin, thus allowing the fungal pathogen to grow rapidly across and inside the fruit. Continued growth of the fungal pathogen inside the fruit kills the flesh cells leading to large black necrotic areas called anthracnose. Reason for this period of latent infection is the presence of an antifungal chemical compound in the skin (peel) of immature and unripe avocadoes. As the avocado starts to ripen, this anti-fungal compound declines allowing the fungal pathogen to develop and the disease to spread. Fungicide application to trees in the orchard to prevent infection of leaves, blossoms and subsequently the young fruit is the only way to ensure that harvested fruit go into the post-harvest period free of latent anthracnose infections. Influence of anthracnose clearly extends from the orchard and into the post-harvest period on fruit that were visibly free of disease at picking, the fruit deteriorating quickly as
latent infections become active during the final climacteric phase of post-harvest ripening. Extensive brown patches cover the fruit surface and coalesce causing the pulp beneath to turn black. The rot moves on rapidly entering the seed with the skin becoming covered in fungal fruiting bodies with salmon pink-coloured spores during the final stage of infection. Disease development is affected by ambient temperature and humidity in storage but mostly by stage of fruit maturity, moving more quickly in older fruit. Diseased fruits are a total loss.
Cuprous oxide fungicide Copper fungicides offer avocado growers the best option for control of anthracnose while at the same time dealing with a host of other diseases including avocado scab (Sphaceloma perseae), black spot/cercospora fruit rot (Pseudocercospora purpurea) and stem end rots (Botryosphaeria sp, Phomopsis sp and Botryodiplodia sp) at the same time. The virtual insolubility of fixed copper compounds such as copper oxychloride, cupric hydroxide and cuprous oxide means they are naturally tenacious in the face of intense tropical weathering. Cuprous oxide is generally accepted as the most efficacious of these fixed copper compounds when on a gram for gram basis.
Particle size and size distribution Particle size distribution is the secret to success of protectant fungicides such as
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cuprous oxide. The smaller the particles and the narrower their distribution the more effective is the product as a protectant fungicide. This is related to a whole series of sequential factors in the entire spray application process from rapid and uniform mixing in the spray tank, superior particle adhesion to plant surfaces and optimum copper ion (Cu2+) profiles, for long term protection and effective disease control, by securing the right balances between solubility, tenacity and redistribution of deposits. Nordox 75WG, a water dispersible granule formulation of cuprous oxide with 75 per cent active copper and manufactured by Nordox of Norway, provides the perfect illustration. All particles are within a size range of 1 to 5 micron (µm), 80 per cent less than 2µm and 99 per cent less than 5µm. Decreasing particle size underpins the performance of protectant fungicides from the time the bag is opened until copper ions are released from the deposit and enter the fungal cell. Free flowing and non-dusty Nordox 75WG is easy and safe to mix in water. The formulation disperses rapidly and efficiently forming a uniform suspension in water that passes freely through the nozzle orifice without any blockage.
Tenacity and redistribution The increased surface area to volume ratio of the smaller particles generates stronger surface forces. These in turn enhance particle to surface adhesion and maximise capacity of the deposit to stick to the plant surface (higher tenacity), especially in the face of high intensity weathering. High surface area of small particles optimises the solubility profile of the sparingly soluble cuprous oxide. Plant exudates and rainfall containing dissolved carbon dioxide from the atmosphere combine to generate weak acids in surface films of water and a pH value of 5.5 to 6.5. Weak acid solutions dissolve small amounts of active Cu2+ from the cuprous oxide particles. These soluble and positively charged copper ions are absorbed by fungal spores during germination and kill the fungus before it can penetrate the plant surface. With more particles (on a gram to gram basis) than other copper fungicide products, sprays of Nordox 75WG spread a higher density of high adhesion particles over the plant surface. Spores are more likely to land directly on a particle or very close to one because inter-particle distances are reduced to a minimum. High deposit tenacity and weathering resistance shown by Nordox 75WG ensures residues remain at fungicidally active levels between spray applications even during the wet season. Deposits are gradually eroded by
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Severe case of avocado scab
weathering with gradual redistribution of fungicide over the surface of the same leaf or fruit and onto plant surfaces lower in the canopy, via rain splashes, drips and rivulets. The superior release and redistribution profiles of Cu2+ from Nordox 75WG is vital for protection of new foliage and fruit produced during spray intervals.
Avocado disease control Weekly sprays at 1,000 l/ha, started when fruit became susceptible to anthracnose, showed Nordox 75WG to perform as well as traditionally used copper fungicides at approximately half the dosage rate on the ‘Hass’ variety of avocado in Mexico. Dosage rates for Nordox 75WG of 2.0 kg /ha gave 98 per cent and 100 per cent control of, respectively, anthracnose and scab up to 14 days after the final application. Further reductions in dosage to 1.5 kg/ha and 1.0 kg/ha gave slightly less control but the
difference was not statistically significant. South African scientists compared Nordox Super 75 (wettable powder formulation of cuprous oxide) with a proprietary copper oxychloride product for control of black spot of ‘Fuerte’ avocado. Using a three-spray programme with a high pressure sprayer (25 bar) at 50-60 litres per tree they achieved equivalent control of black spot using Nordox Super 75 at 100g/litre, which represents one third of the copper dosage normally required. Trials in New Zealand to control ripe rots (anthracnose and stem end rot) in ‘Hass’ avocado showed the value of Oleo Nordox 40 (an oil-based liquid product containing cuprous oxide) in a nine-spray programme starting at the pre-blossom period and lasting right up to harvest. By using a ‘Hydramist’ sprayer, to produce very small droplets, Oleo Nordox 40 matched control achieved by a traditionally used cupric hydroxide fungicide and with reduced rates of active copper. n
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The rise of the lowly malunggay
Such recognition is given to malunggay that its production, processing and marketing is already being pushed as a law in the Senate
What was once considered as a poor manâ€™s vegetable is now being groomed as a high value crop in the Philippines. ORINGA OLIFEIRA, COMMONLY known as horseradish and locally malunggay, is now among the priorities of the national government in its research and development programs because of its innumerable health benefits. Such recognition is given to the plant that its production, processing and marketing is already being pushed as a law in the Senate. According to Senator Loren Legarda, who sponsored the legislation, the bill seeks to maximize the yield and the use of malunggay for agricultural, industrial, commercial and medicinal purposes. So huge are its potentials that Senator Legarda has appealed the Philippine Senate to approve the mandate with urgency to fully utilize malunggayâ€™s wonders at once. While the Department of Agriculture (DA) is spearheading the promulgation of malunggay planting nationwide, the Department of Education has already joined the campaign through its Department Order
234, instructing all public schools are now required to plant malunggay trees to make school children become aware of its nutritional and medicinal value to prevent malnutrition and other diseases. Even Filipino famed boxer Manny Pacquiao reveals malunggay as one of his secrets as he believes that having horseradish in his regular meals does wonders to his awesome pugilist abilities. Indeed, malunggay has come a long way from being an ordinary green edible to becoming the next big thing in Philippine agriculture.
Health benefits Though the popularity of horseradish is rapidly gaining in the local front, the plant has already been actively promoted by the World Health Organization in the past twenty years as a low-cost health supplement in poor countries. In fact, other nations such as Nicaragua and India are making significant headways in their cultivation of malunggay and these countries have been the models in utilizing horseradish with much success. Nevertheless, authorities are confident that the Philippines can become the global hub for planting and processing horseradish as the plant can grow anywhere and can stand any types of weather. It can be simply
grown in a backyard as its tree can be propagated by using stem cuttings. Even urban places can cultivate the vegetable tree as it grows in an empty can or a plastic container combined with adequate sunlight and water. How healthy can malunggay be? According to the DA Biotechnology Program Office (DA-BPO), scientists and nutritionists all over the world are one in saying that malunggay is definitely among the best leafy edibles as it contains four times more calcium than milk thereby recommended to breastfeeding mothers; three times more potassium than bananas; four times the vitamin A in carrots and an ounce has the same Vitamin C content as seven oranges. Moreover, the DA-BPO tells that including malunggay in a regular diet helps strengthen the immune system; helps restore skin condition, regulates blood pressure, relieves headaches and migraines; heal joint inflammation; prevent intestinal worms; help increase semen count; normalize blood sugar levels and contains phytochemicals that help prevent cancer. Not only the leaves contain the rich nutrients but also the leaf stalks. In a study entitled, â€œMineral Macronutrients, Micronutrients and Other Elements in Leaves of Malunggay Plant Sampled in Some
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Locations in the Philippines ” conducted by scientists Severino S. Magat, Ma. Cecilia M. Raquepo, and Carmencita D. Pabustan, the leaf stalks—which are usually thrown away—also contain valuable macro and micro nutrients. In terms of macronutrients, the study states potassium (K) is highest in malunggay stalks. In fact, for every 10kg of dried malunggay stalks, there are 293 g of potassium. Other macronutrients present are calcium (191g/10kg), nitrogen (185g/10kg), chloride (65g/10kg), sulphur (45 g/10kg), magnesium (23g/10kg), phosporus (19 g/10kg), and sodium (7g/10kg). Meanwhile, for its micronutrient contents, the stalk was found to be rich in iron, boron, zinc, manganese, and copper. The scientists reveal that for every 10kg of dried malunggay stalks, there are 436 mg of iron, 170 mg of boron, 112 mg of zinc, 100 mg of manganese, and 37 mg of copper. The accuracy of these findings are assured as the group separately analyzed the nutrient contents of leaf blades and leaf stalks for the purpose of optimizing its nutritional and medicinal uses and also to understand the other elements present which, according to scientists, can be beneficial or toxic at high concentrations. These health benefits not only make malunggay as an ideal crop but one of the effective tools in combating hunger, poverty and chronic malnutrition.
Myriad of uses Whereas its leaves are usually cooked for local viands, the malunggay’s uses now spans from cosmetics to feed stock. According to Biotech For Life, a non-profit organization which advocates the use of malunggay, mature seeds of malunggay can produce high-value oil called moringa oil that can be used in various food and product manufacturing. For industrial uses, it is ideal as a lubricant for fine machineries due to its little tendency to deteriorate as well as a good anti-oxidant which make ideal for cosmetics and perfume. As a predominantly oleic acid, the group said moringa oil can lower blood levels of cholesterol, improve lipid profiles eases inflammation. The malunggay presscake, after seed oil extraction, is also effective as a water purifier as it acts as a coagulant that dissolves the unwanted elements in the water such as bacteria in the bottom of the container. This technology has been successful in Nicaragua and Biotech affirms that this has been the subject of extensive studies as an estimated 1.3 billion people worldwide use contaminated water for drinking and cooking. The presscake is also used as animal feed
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Mature seeds of malunggay can produce highvalue oil called moringa oil that can be used in various food and product manufacturing
and fertilizer because of its high-protein content. Former trade secretary Nelly Favis Villafuerte also affirms malunggay’s uses with the leaves, flowers, seeds, pods, roots, bark, gum and the seed oil are continually being subjected to intensive research and development programs because the various constituents of the moringa are known to have, among other properties, anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anti-viral, anti-parasitic, anti-tumor and anti-aging activities. Moreover, malunggay has been a very profitable livelihood source of the impoverished. Through massive campaigns headed by DA-BOP Director Alicia Ilaga, poor communities are now processing malunggay into noodles, cookies, pretzels pan de sal (salt bread) and beauty products such as soaps, lotions and many others. Apart from
processing, they can also sell leaves at PHP5 to PHP10 per bunch of malunggay leaves and with the help of Secura International which offers contract growing schemes to farmers nationwide, Ilaga tells that an hectare of malunggay can earn a net of PHP150,000 per year. Ilaga says malunggay has truly changed the lives of the destitute as it not only helped them fight malnutrition but also gave them good source of revenue. Given the correct strategy of promotion and wider dissemination, Ilaga believes that it won’t be long that malunggay will become a big thing in the world market which is now leaning for natural ingredients wherein the Philippines can become a major global player. n Gemma Delmo
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Arysta LifeScience launches plant nutrient product portfolio
Aussie biotech innovator partners with Indian farming giant
ARYSTA LIFESCIENCE HAS launched a unique portfolio of plant nutrient products in Thailand, making it among the first multi-national corporations to launch a comprehensive set of such products in the country. The launch follows two years of research and field trials with growers of rice and horticultural crops in Thailand. The new portfolio includes four products from the Arysta LifeScience acquisition of Grupo Bioquímico Mexicano (GBM) in 2007, namely: Biozyme, a complex of phytohormone, used to help flowering, fruit setting and fighting abiotic stess during the critical period in tomatoes and strawberries; Foltron Plus, a balance of humic acid, folcystein and various foliar fertilizers, to help boost yields in rice, tomato and cucumber; and Pilatus and K-Tionic, which help plants, such as rice, develop strong root systems. A fifth product, INCA, rounds out the company’s plant nutrient portfolio. INCA is a proprietary product that was first developed by Plant Impact and will be marketed in Thailand by Arysta LifeScience under an exclusive distribution and marketing agreement. INCA is a calcium delivery system that moves calcium at a cellular level, giving greater calcium penetration to plants where needed. It reduces the risk of calcium disorders by helping to control stress and by building healthier cells. INCA has been shown to increase yields, enhance crop quality and improve shelf life, especially for root crops such as potatoes and Chinese radish. Field trials have demonstrated consistent yield improvement of 10-30 percent on those crops.
POLYGENOMX LTD (PGX) recently announced that it’s newly incorporated sister company PolyGenomX India has signed a deal within its first week of operating. The deal with one of India’s largest enterprises, the Indian Farm Forestry Development Cooperative (IFFDC), is to trial its Jatropha is a leading candidate to satisfy the growing global demand for polygenomic Jatropha (Jatropha clean, renewable aircraft biofuel curcas pgx) for determining the best performing lines to provide India with on-going energy sources. Plans for future trials include polygenomic Paulownia. Jatropha is one of the leading candidates to satisfy the rapidly growing global demand for clean, renewable aircraft biofuel, and PGX has developed a fast-growing and high yielding variety of this plant. Interestingly, polygenomics are the product of a proprietary but natural process and therefore are not GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms), according to the company. Identified by their unique genetic fingerprint, these “super plants” are subject to royalty. While the 2012 pilot study will cover just 50ha, the first stage of the IFFDC project scheduled for 2013 is expected to extend over 1,000 ha requiring more than 1 million plants. To date IFFDC has converted more than 26,900ha of wastelands into sustainable multipurpose forests.
Record Cotton crop signals declining prices THE COMBINATION OF a record cotton crop and falling consumption will expand global stockpiles by the most since 2005, driving further declines in the price of this year's worst performing commodity. Harvests will increase 7.5 per cent to 123.89 million 480-pound bales (27 million tonne) in the 12 months ending in July, as demand drops to a three-year low of 114.27 million bales, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) estimates. Prices may decline 15 per cent to 77 cents a pound on ICE Futures US in New York by the end of next year, from 90.91 cents now, based on the median of 12 analyst estimates compiled by Bloomberg. “It's a double whammy,” said James Dailey, Output is rising from Australia to China to India, more than compensating for a US decline
who manages US$215 million of assets at TEAM Financial Management in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. “Cotton is facing the worst-case nightmare for a commodity, where you have a glut in physical production combined with weakening demand.” Cotton fell 59 per cent since reaching an alltime high of US$2.197 in March as investors bet that prices would curb demand and encourage supply. Output is rising from Australia to China to India, more than compensating for a US decline caused by the worst crop conditions since the dust bowl era of the 1930s. Economic growth is forecast by the IMF to slow next year from Europe to China to the Middle East, potentially curbing the consumption of commodities. This year's 37 per cent decline in prices means cotton fell the most among 24 commodities in the Standard & Poor's GSCI gauge, which advanced 4.1 per cent. The fiber rose the most in 2010, adding 92 per cent. The MSCI AllCountry World Index of equities dropped 9.1 per cent since the end of December and Treasuries returned 9.1 per cent, a Bank of America Corp index shows.
China's harvest, the biggest of any nation, is expanding for the first time in four years, the USDA estimates. Output in Australia may rise as much as 25 per cent to a record as water supply improves, Adam Kay, chief executive officer of Cotton Australia, a Mascot, New South Wales-based producer's group, said in a recent interview. Exports from India, the second-biggest shipper, may climb 14 per cent, said BA Patel, the country's joint textiles commissioner. The USDA cut its global demand forecast five times in the past six months, on expectations that global growth is slowing. Consumption contracted more than 11 per cent in 2009, the most in at least a half century, during the worst global slump since the Great Depression. Economists don't expect a repeat next year, with the IMF predicting global growth of 4 per cent, unchanged from 2011. China, the biggest cotton consumer, will expand 9 per cent, and India, the secondlargest, 7.5 per cent, the Washington-based group estimates. The price slump since March may spur purchases by textile makers after signs of improving consumer demand. US retail sales jumped to a record US$52.4 billion during the four-day Thanksgiving weekend through November 27, according to the National Retail Federation.
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Pig Buyers’ Guide
PIG 2 0 Buyers’ Guide 1 1
Section One - Listings by categories Section Two - List of suppliers Section Three - Contact details of agents in Asia PLEASE MENTION FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE WHEN CONTACTING YOUR SUPPLIERS
Section One All Equipment
Henke-Sass, Wolf GmbH
Delacon Biotechnik Ges.m.b.H Eurofeed Technologies INVESA Kemira Asia Pacific Pte Ltd. Neolait Nutri-Ad International NV Protexin Unipoint AG Zagro Singapore Pte. Ltd.
JSR Genetics Ltd.
Feed Additives, Natural
Delacon Biotechnik Ges.m.b.H Eurofeed Technologies Nutri-Ad International NV Protexin Zagro Singapore Pte. Ltd.
Artificial Insemination Equipment Jørgen Kruuse AS
Breeding Equipment Draminski - Electronics in Agriculture Jørgen Kruuse AS
Environmental Control Big Dutchman Pig Equipment GmbH Chore-Time Hog Production Systems Hotraco Agri BV
Goizper S. Coop. Henke-Sass, Wolf GmbH Hotraco Agri BV
Delacon Biotechnik Ges.m.b.H Kemira Asia Pacific Pte Ltd. Protexin Zagro Singapore Pte. Ltd.
Awila Anlagenbau GmbH Zagro Singapore Pte. Ltd.
Awila Anlagenbau GmbH Big Dutchman Pig Equipment GmbH Chore-Time Hog Production Systems
Fancom b.v Hotraco Agri b.v Impex Barneveld b.v Schauer Agrotronic GmbH
Flooring Big Dutchman Pig Equipment GmbH Lubing Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG MIK International AG Porcon Pig Equipment BV Schauer Agrotronic GmbH
Handling Equipment Chore-Time Hog Production Systems Impex Barneveld b.v
Health Products Delacon Biotechnik Ges.m.b.H Dutch Farm International BV Eurofeed Technologies Goizper S. Coop. Henke-Sass, Wolf GmbH INVESA Kemira Asia Pacific Pte Ltd. Nutri-Ad International NV Protexin
Housing American Coolair Big Dutchman Pig Equipment GmbH Chore-Time Hog Production Systems Fancom BV Hotraco Agri BV Impex Barneveld b.v MIK International AG Schauer Agrotronic GmbH
International Exhibitions Hotraco Agri BV
Lubing Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG
Pregnancy Detection Draminski - Electronics in Agriculture Jørgen Kruuse AS
Salmonella Control Eurofeed Technologies Kemira Asia Pacific Pte Ltd. Nutri-Ad International NV
Sanitation Goizper S. Coop.
Schauer Agrotronic GmbH
Medicators Impex Barneveld b.v Lubing Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG
Veterinary Instruments Draminski - Electronics in Agriculture Henke-Sass, Wolf GmbH Jørgen Kruuse AS
Eurofeed Technologies Kemira Asia Pacific Pte Ltd. Nutri-Ad International NV
Pest Control/Disinfection Equipment
Big Dutchman Pig Equipment GmbH Chore-Time Hog Production Systems Impex Barneveld b.v Lubing Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG
Goizper S. Coop.
SUPPLIERS Section Two AGRA Middle East
Awila Anlagenbau Anlagenbau GmbH GmbH Awila
PO Box 28943, Dubai United Arab Emirates Tel: +971 4 4072424 Fax: +971 4 4072485 Web: www.agramiddleeast.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Dillen 1, 1, Lastrup, Lastrup, 49688 49688 Dillen Germany Germany Tel: +49 +49 4472 4472 8920 8920 Tel: Fax: +49 +49 4472 4472 892220 892220 Fax: Web: www.awila.de www.awila.de Web: E-mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org E-mail:
Agra Middle East (AGRAme) as the largest agribusiness event in the region has effectively established its presence as the must attend event by the Middle East's agribusiness industry professionals. Growing at an average of 50% in exhibit space every year, AGRAme is now recognized by leading players in the agribusiness industry from all over the world. The 2011 edition of the event will be held from 01 - 03 April at the Dubai International Exhibition Centre. For more details, visit www.agramiddleeast.com
Big Dutchman Dutchman Pig Pig Equipment Equipment GmbH Big GmbH
American Coolair PO Box 2300, Jacksonville Florida, 32203, USA Tel: +1 904 3893646 Fax: +1 904 3873449 Web: www.coolair.com E-mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Philippines--Asia AsiaGiant GiantEnterprises EnterprisesPoultry Poultry&&Livestock Livestock Philippines Equipment Equipment Taiwan--Global GlobalAce AceTrading TradingCo. Co. Taiwan Thailand--BD BDAgriculture Agriculture(Thailand) (Thailand)Ltd. Ltd. Thailand Vietnam--P&N P&NAgro AgroBusiness BusinessCo. Co.Ltd. Ltd. Vietnam
Chore-Time Hog Production Systems 410 North Higbee Street PO Box 2000, Milford, Indiana 46542-2000 USA Tel: +1 574 6584101 Fax: +1 574 6585325 Web: www.choretimehog.com E-mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Delacon Biotechnik Ges.m.b.H PO Box 1163, Vechta, 49360 Germany PO Box 1163, Vechta, 49360 Tel: +49 44 478010 Germany Fax: +49 44 44 478010 47801237 Tel: +49 Web: www.bigdutchman.de Fax: +49 44 47801237 E-mail: email@example.com Web: www.bigdutchman.de E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Agents: Australia - B&M Slots Pty Ltd. Agents: China - Big- B&M Dutchman (Tianjin) Australia Slots Pty Ltd. Livestock Equipment Co., Ltd. Japan Kasei Co. Ltd. China - Fuji Big Dutchman (Tianjin) Livestock Equipment Co., Ltd. Japan--Bongdong Fuji Kasei Agrico. Co. Ltd.Ltd. Korea Korea--HK Bongdong Agrico. Co. Ltd.Ltd. Korea Global Trading Korea - HK- BD Global Trading(Malaysia) Co. Ltd. Sdn Bhd Malaysia Agriculture Malaysia - BD Agriculture (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd
Draminski - Electronics in Agriculture Owocowa 17 10-860 Olsztyn Poland Tel: +48 89 5271130 Fax: +48 89 5278444 Web: www.draminski.com E-mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Dutch Farm International BV PO Box 10, Nieuw Walden 112 1394 PE Nederhorst den Berg 1394ZG The Netherlands Tel: +31 294 257525 Fax: +31 294 257501 Web: www.dutchfarmint.com E-mail: email@example.com
Eurofeed Eurofeed Technologies Technologies Weissenwolff Str 14 Steyregg 4221, Austria Tel: +43 732 640531/0 Fax: +43 732 640533 Web: www.delacon.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Agents: Malaysia - Delacon Regional Office Asia Pacific
Via Via L.Einaudi, L.Einaudi, 12 12 loc loc Bettolino Bettolino Brancido Brancido (BS), (BS), 25030 25030 Italy Italy Tel: Tel: +39 +39 030 030 6864682/9973064 6864682/9973064 Fax: Fax: +39 +39 030 030 6866560 6866560 Web: Web: www.eurofeed.it www.eurofeed.it E-mail: E-mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue Six 2011
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Industrieterrein 34, Panningen 5981, The Netherlands Tel: +31 77 3069600 Fax: +31 77 3069601 Web: www.fancom.com E-mail: email@example.com Agents: Australia - Metrowest Autom. & Control (Pty) Ltd. Australia - Patarker (Pty) Ltd. Australia - Ryan-Ryte Enterprice (Pty) Ltd. China - Songming Machinery Industry (Shenzhen) Co. Ltd. Japan - Frontier International Co. Japan - IP Tsusho Co. Ltd. Japan - Tohzai Sangyo Boeki Inc. Malaysia - Poullive Sdn Bhd New Zealand - Sonoma Enterprises Thailand - World Agri Business Co. Ltd.
Goizper S. Coop.
Antigua 4, 20577 Antzuola Guipuzcoa, Spain Tel: +34 94 3786000 Fax: +34 94 3766008 Web: www.matabi.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Agents: Singapore - Goizper SCL
MIK International AG
C/Esmaragda, 19-21 Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona 08950, Spain Tel: +34 93 4706271 Fax: +34 93 3727556 Web: www.invesagroup.com E-mail: email@example.com Agents: Bangladesh - ACI Ltd. Indonesia - Agro Makmur Sentosa Korea - Se-Ah International Inc. Malaysia - Taseen Trading Sdn Bhd Myanmar - Marine Myanmar Livestock & Seafood Consultancy Pakistan - Aims Traders Philippines - Provet International SA Sri Lanka - Farmchemie Pvt. Ltd. Taiwan - Kuan Yirs Industrial Co. Thailand - Peter Hand (Thailand) Ltd. Vietnam - Namh Phuc Thinh Veterinary Medicine & Trading Co. Ltd.
Berggarten 1, Siershahn 56427, Germany Tel: +49 2623 600800 Fax: +49 2623 600870 Web: www.mik-online.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
200 Avenue de Mayenne BP 2227 Laval, Cedex 9 53022, France Tel: +33 2 43495151 Fax: +33 2 43539700 Web: www.sogeval.fr E-mail: email@example.com
Jørgen Kruuse AS Havretoften 4, Langeskov, 5550 Denmark Tel: +45 72 141516 Fax: +45 72 141500 Web: www.kruuse.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Agents: China - Kruuse Sales Office China Japan - Fujihira Industry Co. Ltd. Korea - Oh Chang Trading Co. Ltd. Malaysia - Lazuli Sdn Bhd Singapore - Ceres Agricultural & Chemical Co. Thailand - Nutrimed Ltd.
JSR JSR Genetics Genetics Ltd. Ltd.
Henke-Sass, Wolf GmbH
Keltenstrasse 1, Tuttlingen 78532, Germany Tel: +49 7462 9466118 Fax: +49 7462 94665209 Web: www.henkesasswolf.de E-mail: email@example.com Agents: India - National Meditek Indonesia - Pesona Scientific Korea - Yushin Corporation Philippines - P&J Agricultural Trading Syria - Denco Scientific Office Taiwan - Ennchih Co. Ltd.
Hotraco Agri BV Stationsstraat 142, Hegelsom 5963 AC, The Netherlands Tel: +31 77 3275020 Fax: +31 77 3275021 Web: www.hotraco.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Agents: China - Beijing HMA New-Tech Co. Ltd. Korea - JLFA Co. Korea - Myung Sung System Co. Ltd. Thailand - Systemate
Impex Barneveld b.v
Harselaarseweg 129 PO Box 20 Barneveld, The Netherlands Tel: +31 342 416641 Fax: +31 342 412826 Web: www.impex.nl E-mail: email@example.com
South South Burn, Burn, Driffield, Driffield, United United Kingdom Kingdom Tel: Tel: +44 +44 1377 1377 227799 227799 Fax: Fax: +44 +44 1377 1377 229253 229253 Web: Web: www.jsrgenetics.com www.jsrgenetics.com E-mail: E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com China China--JSR JSRGenetics GeneticsLtd. Ltd.
Kemira Asia Pacific Pte Ltd.
Neolait Rue des Moulins, BP 1 22120 YFFINIAC France Tel: +33 2 96638250 Fax: +33 2 96638251 Web: www.neolait.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Nutri-Ad International NV Schietstandlaan 2 Turnhout, 2300 Belgium Tel: +32 14 551990 Fax: +32 14 551915 Web: www.nutriad.net E-mail: email@example.com
Lubing Maschinenfabrik Maschinenfabrik GmbH GmbH & & Lubing Co. KG KG Co.
Passauerstrasse Passauerstrasse 11 A-4731 A-4731 Prambachkirchen Prambachkirchen Austria Austria Tel: Tel: +43 +43 7277 7277 23260 23260 Fax: Fax: +43 +43 7277 7277 232622 232622 Web: Web: www.schauer-agrotronic.com www.schauer-agrotronic.com E-mail: E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Agents: Agents: China China--Kingpeng KingpengGlobal GlobalHusbandry HusbandryTechnology TechnologyCo. Co.Ltd. Ltd. Korea Korea--His HisKorea Korea
Schaumann Agri International GmbH Lubingstr. 6, 6, Barnstorf, Barnstorf, 49406 49406 Lubingstr. Germany Germany Tel: +49 +49 5442 5442 98790 98790 Tel: Fax: +49 +49 5442 5442 987933 987933 Fax: Web: www.lubing.com www.lubing.com Web: E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com E-mail: Agents: Agents: China--Lubing LubingSystem SystemEngineering Engineering(Shenzhen) (Shenzhen)Co. Co.Ltd. Ltd. China India--Lubing LubingIndia IndiaPvt PvtLtd. Ltd. India Indonesia--PT. PT.Charoen CharoenPokphand PokphandIndonesia IndonesiaPoultry Poultry Indonesia EquipmentDivision Division Equipment Japan--Hytem HytemCo. Co.Ltd. Ltd. Japan Malaysia--Tong TongSeh SehIndustries IndustriesSupply SupplySdn SdnBhd Bhd Malaysia Thailand--KSP KSPEquipment EquipmentCo. Co.Ltd. Ltd. Thailand Vietnam--DONG DONGAAMaterial-Veterinary Material-VeterinaryJSC JSC Vietnam
FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue Six 2011
Ringbjergvej 16 Tureby, 4682 Denmark Tel: +45 56 283413 Fax: +45 56 283464 Web: www.stalosan.com, www.stalosan.dk Agents: Denmark - Vitfoss
Unipoint AG Langenmoos 9 Truttikon, 8467 Switzerland Tel: +41 52 3052041 Fax: +41 52 3052042 Web: www.unipoint.ch E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Victam International International b.v b.v Victam Lopen Head, Somerset TA135JM United Kingdom Tel: +44 1460 243230 Fax: +44 1460 249543 Web: www.protexin.com E-mail: email@example.com Agents: Australia - International Animal Health Products (Pty) Ltd. Bangladesh - Novartis (Bangladesh) Ltd. India - Novartis India Ltd. Indonesia - Novindo Agritech Hutama Korea - Jaein Biotech Co. Ltd. Malaysia - Agritech Enterprise Sdn Bhd Pakistan - Hilton Pharma Pvt. Ltd. Philippines - Prebiotech Health Products Phils Taiwan - Nedtex Co. Thailand - FD Additives Co. Ltd.
Schauer Schauer Agrotronic Agrotronic GmbH GmbH
111 North Bridge Road #11-03 Singapore Tel: +65 68372070 Fax: +65 68372075 Web: www.kemira.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
PO Box Box 197 197 PO Nijkerk, 3860 3860 Nijkerk, The Netherlands Netherlands The Tel: +31 +31 33 33 2464404 2464404 Tel: Fax: +31 +31 33 33 2464706 2464706 Fax: Web: www.victam.com www.victam.com Web: E-mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org E-mail:
Zagro Singapore Pte. Ltd. Zagro Global Hub 5 Woodlands Terrace 738430 Singapore Tel: +65 6 7591811 Fax: +65 6 7591855 Web: www.zagro.com E-mail: email@example.com Agents: Indonesia - P.T. Zagro Indonesia Malaysia - Zagro Chemicals Sdn Bhd Pakistan - Zagro NPC (Pvt) Ltd. Philippines - Zagro Corporation Singapore - Agri Nutrition Asia Pte Ltd. Singapore - AgroConnect.com Pte Ltd Singapore - AgroExchangePlus Pte Ltd. Singapore - Agsin Pte Ltd. Singapore - Pacific Lab Services Singapore - Vetsquare.com Pte Ltd. Singapore - Zagro Animal Health Pte Ltd. Singapore - Zagro Industries Pte Ltd. Singapore - Zagro Singapore Pte Ltd. Sri Lanka - Zagro Singapore Pte Ltd. Taiwan - Zagro Taiwan International Ltd. Thailand - Zagro (Thailand) Ltd. Vietnam - Zagro Vietnam Company Ltd.
An der Muhlenau 4 Pinneberg, 25421 Germany Tel: +49 4101 2185300 Fax: +49 4101 2185399 Web: www.schaumann.info E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Agents: China - Schaumann Agri Trading (Shanghai) Co. Ltd. Korea - MorningBio Co. Ltd. Taiwan - Brewster Nutritional Technology Inc.
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Pig Buyersâ€™ Guide
AGENTS Section Three Australia B&M Slots Pty Ltd. 13 Lucknow Cres., Thomastown Victoria, 3074 Tel: +61 3 94624266 Fax: +61 3 94624866 E-mail: email@example.com
International Animal Health Products (Pty) Ltd. 18 Healey Circuit, Huntingwood NSW, 2148 Tel: +61 2 96727944 Fax: +61 2 96727988 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Metrowest Autom. & Control (Pty) Ltd. 5 Milford Street Tel: +61 8 94704343 Fax: +61 8 94704341 Web: www.metrowest.com.au E-mail: email@example.com
Patarker (Pty) Ltd. Unit 4, 81-83 Station Road Tel: +61 2 98387980 Fax: +61 2 98397977 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ryan-Ryte Enterprice (Pty) Ltd. 4 Frankston Gardens Drive Tel: +61 39 7825515 Fax: +61 39 7825512 E-mail: email@example.com
Bangladesh ACI Limited 245, Tejgaon Industrial Area Dhaka 1208, Bangladesh Tel: +880 2 9885694 Fax: +880 2 9884784/9886029 Web: www.aci-bd.com
Novartis (Bangladesh) Ltd. House 50, Road 2A Dhanmondi R.A., Dhake 1209 Tel: +880 2 8615302 Fax: +880 2 8613489
China Beijing HMA New-Tech Co. Ltd. Room 435, Guang Yuan Mansion Zi Zhu Yuan Road, Beijing 100081 Tel: +86 10 68726736 Fax: +86 10 68703225
Big Dutchman (Tianjin) Livestock Equipment Co., Ltd. Beijing Branch 13/FI Tower A Wangjing Building No. 9 Wangjing Zhong Hua Nan Road Chaoyang District Beijing, 100102 Tel: +86 10 64761888 Fax: +86 10 64761999 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Big Dutchman (Tianjin) Livestock Equipment Co., Ltd. Livestock Equipment Co. Ltd. No. 21, Shuang Yuan Road Beichen Economic, Development Zone Tianjin, 300400 Tel: +86 22 26970158 Fax: +86 22 26970157 Web: www.bigdutchman.cn E-mail: email@example.com
JSR Genetics Ltd. Tel: +86 15 501256700
Kingpeng Global Husbandry Technology Co. Ltd. 7th Floor, Advanced Material Building 7, Fenghui Zhonglu Haidian District, Beijing, 100094 Tel: +86 10 58711009 Fax: +86 10 58711003 Web: www.jpxm.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Kruuse Sales Office China Room 401, Block 10, Lane 77 An Shuen Road, Chang Ning District Shanghai Tel: +86 13 701869350 Fax: +86 21 62835173 E-mail: email@example.com
Lubing System Engineering (Shenzhen) Co. Ltd. Song Ming Industrial Park, Gongming Town, Guangming Dist., Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province, 518106 Tel: +86 75 527411888 Fax: +86 75 527411124 Web: www.lubcn.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Schaumann Agri Trading (Shanghai) Co. Ltd. Room 2603 325 Tian Yao Qiao Road Gateway Intl Plaza, Shanghai, 20030 Tel: +86 21 33632585 Fax: +86 21 33632586 Web: www.schaumann.cn E-mail: email@example.com
Songming Machinery Industry (Shenzhen) Co. Ltd. Song Ming Industrial Park, Shenzhen City Guangdong Province Tel: +86 75 52741888 Fax: +86 75 52741124 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Denmark Vitfoss Ulsnaes 34, Graasten, 6300 Tel: +45 3368 5600 Fax: +45 3368 8637 Web: www.vitfoss.com E-mail: email@example.com
India Lubing India Pvt Ltd. 271/P/B, Ingawale Patil Estate Bhugaon, Paud Road, Tal. Mulshi Pune, Maharashtra, 411042 Tel: +91 20 2952404 Fax: +91 20 2952403 Web: www.lubingindia.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Jl Jurumudi 25, Jurumudi, Benda Jakarta, 15124 Tel: +62 21 5452947/6197528 Fax: +62 21 6197529 Duta MAs Fatmawati Blok A1/39, Jl. R.S. Fatmawati, Cipete Utara - Kebayoran Baru Jakarta, 12150 Tel: +62 21 7245986 Fax: +62 21 7220373 E-mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
P.T. Zagro Indonesia Karindra Building Lt.2, Suite No. 10 Jl. Palmerah Selatan No. 30A Jakarta Pusat, 11270 Tel: +62 21 26710709 E-mail: email@example.com
Pesona Scientific Komplek Kopo Mas Regency Block 8-j, Bandung, 40225 Tel: +62 22 5430583 Fax: 62 22 5430314 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
PT. Charoen Pokphand Indonesia Poultry Equipment Division Jl. Raya Serang Km 30 Balaraja, Tangerang, 15610 Tel: +62 215951187 Fax: +62 215951013 Web: www.lubing.com E-mail: email@example.com
Frontier International Co. 9-1, 2-Chome Gorikida Kanagawa Tel: +81 44 9802226 Fax: +81 44 9802226 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Shiguma Industrial Park 1004-5 Anaki-Cho Kumamoto City Kumamoto-Pref, 861-5501 Tel: +81 96 2453711 Fax: +81 96 2453770 E-mail: email@example.com
Fujihira Industry Co. Ltd. 11-6 Hongo 6-Chome Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033 Tel: +81 3 38122271 Fax: +81 3 38123663
Hytem Co. Ltd.
D4/8 Krishna Nagar, Delhi, 11051 Tel: +91 11 22094246 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Novartis India Ltd.
IP Tsusho Co. Ltd.
Animal Health Business Unit, Sandoz House 3rd Floor, Dr. Annie Besant Road Worli Mumbai, 400 018 Tel: +91 22 66156768 Fax: +91 22 66156764
10-1Shiratori, Yozai-gun Tokushima Tel: +81 886 751202 Fax: +81 886 751115 E-mail: email@example.com
Korea 1207-11, Bongdong-Ri, Yeomnu-Eup Nonsan-Si Chungcheongnam-Do South Korea Tel: +82 10 43713040 Fax: +82 41 7413788
His Korea B151U-Tower, 1029 Youngdeock-dong Giheung-gu, Youngih city Gyeonggi Province Tel: +82 10 34944319 Web: www.his-feeding.co.kr E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
HK Global Trading Co. Ltd. 2 Fl., 240-2, Dongsan-ri Yeanmu-eup, Chungcheongnam-do Nonsan-si, SudKorea Tel: +82 426244101 Fax: +82 426272626
Jaein Biotech Co. Ltd. No. 617 Expotel 381 Mannyeon-Dong Seo-Gu, Daejeon-City South Korea Tel: +82 42 47219667 Fax: +82 42 4721968 E-mail: email@example.com
Fuji Kasei Co. Ltd.
2-Chome 17-8 Yushima, Tokyo Tel: +81 3 38154491 Fax: +81 3 38154456 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Bongdong Agrico. Ltd.
Novindo Agritech Hutama
2-10 Techno Plaza Kakamigahara City Gifu, 509-0109 Tel: +81 583850505 Fax: +81 583851230 Web: www.hytem.com E-mail: email@example.com
Tohzai Sangyo Boeki Inc.
Indonesia Agro Makmur Sentosa
Jinsa-ri, Juen-Chungsul Apt. 201-405 Ansung-si Gongdo-up Guynggi-do Tel: +82 11 3298987 Fax: +82 31 6295317 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
MorningBio Co. Ltd. # Seemi B/D 1731 Doojung-dong Cheonan, Chungnam South Korea, 330210 Tel: +82 41 5780604 Fax: +82 41 5780605 Web: www.morningbio.co.kr
Myung Sung System Co. Ltd. 43-3 Jinan-dong, Hwasung-City Gyeonggi-do, 449597 Tel: +82 31 2357745 Fax: +82 31 2357819
Oh Chang Trading Co. Ltd. 4th Fl., Duckwoo Bldg 1640-27 Seocho-dong Seocho-ku, Seoul, 137 070 Tel: +82 258 13813 Fax: +82 258 72234 E-mail: email@example.com
Se-Ah International Inc. Yushin Corporation 7F, 751 Bldg., 203 Nonhyon-Dong Kangnam-Ku, Seoul, 135-010 Tel: +82 2 5682525 Fax: +82 2 5693113 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue Six 2011
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Malaysia Agritech Enterprise Sdn Bhd 22 Jalan SS 4C/5 Taman Rasa Sayang Petaling Jaya, Selangor, 47301 Tel: +60 3 78033226 Fax: +60 3 78033911 E-mail: email@example.com
BD Agriculture (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd No. 20 Lorong Keluli 1B Kawasan Perindustrian Bukit Raja Seksyen 7, 40000, Raja Shah Alam Selangor Darul Ehsan Tel: +60 3 33615555 Fax: +60 3 33422866 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Delacon Regional Office Asia Pacific c/o 37, Jalan Bukit Mewah 2 Taman Bukit Mewah, Kajang Selangor, 43000 Tel: +60 12 2026991 Web: www.delacon.com E-mail: email@example.com
Pakistan Aims Traders Hilton Pharma Pvt. Ltd. Progressive Plaza, Beaumond Road Karachi, 75530 Tel: +92 21 111123000 Fax: +92 21 111124000 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Zagro NPC (Pvt) Ltd. Plot 59 Sector 24, Korangi Industrial Area, Karachi Tel: +65 6759 1811 Fax: +65 6759 1855 E-mail: email@example.com
Philippines Asia Giant Enterprises Poultry & Livestock Equipment Unit 403 Goldhill Tower, #5 Annapolis St San Juan 1500 Metro Manila Tel: +63 27 236347 Fax: +63 27 253942 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Pacific Lab Services Zagro Global Hub 5 Woodlands Terrace, 738430 Tel: +65 6759 1811 Fax: +65 6759 2066 Web: www.pacificlab.com.sg E-mail: email@example.com
Zagro Animal Health Pte Ltd. Zagro Global Hub 5 Woodlands Terracem 738430 Tel: +65 6759 1811 Fax: +65 6759 1855 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Zagro Industries Pte Ltd. PO Box 0102, Bukit Timah 915804 Tel: +65 6753 9188 Fax: +65 6759 1866 E-mail: email@example.com
Zagro Singapore Pte Ltd. Zagro Global Hub 5 Woodlands Terrace 738430 Tel: +65 6759 1811 Fax: +65 6759 1855 Web: www.zagro.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Thailand BD Agriculture (Thailand) Ltd. Block F7 & F8, 41/76-77 Moo 6, Bangna-Trad Rd, Km 16.5 Bangchalong, Bangplee, Samutprakarn Tel: +66 2 3496531 Fax: +66 2 3496535 E-mail: email@example.com
FD Additives Co. Ltd. 7/474 Chaiyapruk-Talingchan Moo 9, Salathammsop Taweewatana, Bangkok, 10170 Tel: +66 863 164164 Fax: +66 815 136470 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
KSP Equipment Co. Ltd. 51/845 Moo 3 Tumbon Lamsai Amphoe Wang Noi Pranakhonsi, Ayuttaya, 13170 Tel: +66 2 8176410 Fax: +66 2 8176439 Web: www.lubing.com E-mail: email@example.com
Lazuli Sdn Bhd
P&J Agricultural Trading
Jalan SS5A/11, Kelana Jaya Petaling Jaya, 47301 Tel: +60 3 78749244 Fax: +60 3 78758637 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
184, St. Antonio Avenue Pasig City, Metro, Manila Tel: +63 2 640053 E-mail: email@example.com
Prebiotech Health Products Phils
Farmchemie Pvt. Ltd.
2811-2823, Phattanakarn Road Suanluang, Bangkok, 10250 Tel: +66 2 3225711/12 Fax: +66 2 3225777 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Poullive Sdn Bhd
1508 (Unit 305) Southgate Bldg, Finance Drive Madrigal Business Park Ayala Alabang, Muntinlupa City Tel: +63 2 8099848 Fax: +63 2 8099848 E-mail: email@example.com
Zagro Singapore Pte Ltd.
Peter Hand (Thailand) Ltd.
No. 1 Jalan Tago 12, Sri Damansara Kuala Lumpur, 52200 Tel: +60 3 62755788 Fax: +60 3 62755787 Web: www.poullive.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
7 Mendis Place Dehiwela Tel: +94 1 7420 2856 Fax: +94 1 731794/733 649 E-mail: email@example.com
Taseen Trading Sdn Bhd
Provet International SA
35, Jalan Angsa, Klang Selangor, 41150 Tel: +60 3 33418048 Fax: +60 3 33418191 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Agri Nutrition Asia Pte Ltd.
Tong Seh Industries Supply Sdn Bhd Lot 780, Block A Jalan Sg.m Putus Off Jalan Kapar, 3 3/4 Miles Klang, Selangor, 42100 Tel: +60 33291 6958 Fax: +60 33291 5198 Web: www.tongseh.com.my E-mail: email@example.com
Zagro Chemicals Sdn Bhd 27 Jalan PJS 3/34 Taman Sri Manja Petaling Jaya, Selangor, 46000 Tel: +60 3 77830766 / 77833400 Fax: +60 3 77830772 / 77833015 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Myanmar Marine Myanmar Livestock & Seafood Consultancy #05-05, Olympic Tower(1) Corner of Mahabandoola & Bo Aung Kyaw Road Kyauktada Township,Yangon Tel: +95 1 391752/384003 Fax: +95 1 384003 Email email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Web www.marinemyanmar.com
New Zealand Sonoma Enterprises 50 Hakanoa Street Tel: +64 9 3611060 Fax: +64 9 3611061 E-mail: email@example.com
Singapore Zagro Global Hub 5 Woodlands Terrace, 738430 Tel: +65 6759 1811 Fax: +65 6759 1855 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Syria Denco Scientific Office Bab Touma BEMO Bank Bldg. PO Box 31597, Damascus Tel: +963 11 5428526 Fax: +963 11 5428530 E-mail: email@example.com
AgroConnect.com Pte Ltd
Brewster Nutritional Technology Inc.
PO Box 0102, Bukit Timah, 915804 Web: www.agroconnect.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tel: +886 4 23785839 E-mail: email@example.com
AgroExchangePlus Pte Ltd.
No. 310, Chung Shan S. Rd Taoyuan Hsien Tel: +886 347 58168 Fax: +886 347 53803 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
PO Box 0102 Bukit Timah, 915804 Tel: +65 6753 9188 Fax: +65 6759 1866 E-mail: email@example.com
Agsin Pte Ltd. Zagro Global Hub 5 Woodlands Terrace, 738430 Tel: +65 6759 1811 Fax: +65 6758 7118 Web: www.agsin.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ceres Agricultural & Chemical Co. 14-B Poh Huat Road 545117 Tel: +65 62 849684 Fax: +65 62 849680 E-mail: email@example.com
Goizper SCL 194 Pandan Loop #04-28 Pantech Industrial Complex 128383 Tel: +65 68 721618 Fax: +65 68 722628 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue Six 2011
Ennchih Co. Ltd.
Global Ace Trading Co. 11F-1, No. 239 I Hsin 1st Road, Kaohsiung Tel: +886 7 3335481 Fax: +886 7 3314190 E-mail: email@example.com
688/102 Ruenrudee 5 Village Hathairat Rd., Bangchan Klongsamea, Bangkok 10540 Thailand Tel:+662 13023234 Fax:+662 5487499 Web: www.systemate.co.th
World Agri Business Co. Ltd. 542/3168 Sinthorn Villa Bangkapi, Bangkok, 10240 Tel: +66 82 3753621 Fax: +66 82 3756159 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Zagro (Thailand) Ltd. 12th Floor, Ploenchit Center 2 Sukhumvit Road, Kwaeng Klongtoey, Khet Klongtoey Bangkok, 10110 Tel: +662 6568710/6568754 Fax: +662 6568758/6568759 E-mail: email@example.com
Vietnam DONG A Material-Veterinary JSC 62 Ho Tung Mau, Caudien Tuliem, Hanoi Tel: +84 43 7632583 Fax: +84 43 7632602 Web: www.lubing.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Kuan Yirs Industrial Co.
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5F, Tung Sheng Bldg 112, An Ho Road, Sec 2 Taipei Tel: +886 2 27352233 Fax: +886 2 27328834 E-mail: email@example.com
220/158/26A, Le Van Sy St. Ward 14, Dist. 3, Ho Chi Minh City Tel: +84 88465765 Fax: +84 89350687 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
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S08 FEAG 6 2011 Equipment_Layout 1 20/12/2011 11:34 Page 32
New in ovo machine set to revolutionize hatchery practice THE BENEFITS OF in ovo vaccination are now within the reach of many more hatcheries worldwide, thanks to the development of a new compact device. Embrex Inovoject m is a semiautomated in ovo vaccination system from Pfizer Animal Health Global Poultry designed for those hatcheries that do not have a large enough footprint or throughput to justify the installation of a full-size Embrex Inovoject. Full technical details for the new Inovoject m will be unveiled at the International Poultry Expo in Atlanta, Georgia in January 2012. According to Melinda Freson, senior manager, BioDevice Marketing, Pfizer Animal Health Global Poultry, the new device will include the same core features of the larger Inovoject in a more condensed package. “There has been a need for a smaller Inovoject for some time,” said Melinda Freson. “For smaller hatcheries, or those in developing countries which have traditionally relied on manual labor to
vaccinate each bird individually after hatch, the availability of a semiautomated in ovo vaccination system that is the right size for their hatchery, will be a real breakthrough.” A more modest device in a compact size means that more hatcheries will be able to switch from manual subcutaneous vaccination and thus improve flock health by protecting birds prior to hatch. “The Inovoject m has a number of operational advantages for the producer who currently vaccinates chicks on day of hatch,” said Freson. “Not least is the fact that chicks can be transferred out of the hatchery and into the grow-out environment sooner.” As with all Embrex Inovoject devices, Inovoject m will be supported by the Pfizer Global Poultry technical service and support team.
Embrex Inovoject m is a semi-automated in ovo vaccination system
Automated system for simultaneous transfer of multiple setter trays PAS REFORM HAS launched SmartTransfer, an ergonomically designed, fully automated setter trolley loader that enables a single operator to safely transfer all 32 trays from a farm trolley to the setter trolley simultaneously, in less than two minutes. The new system is said to be the first application to take advantage of recently acquired subsidiary LAN’s expertise in custom-made handling systems. “Unlike other systems, the SmartTransfer setter trolley loader saves
SmartTransfer setter trolley loader
time and manpower with a simple, ingenious push mechanism that transfers every tray in a trolley simultaneously. A smooth, gliding action protects fertile hatching eggs from any sudden movements or shocks, to prevent hairline cracks or other damage to the eggs,” a company official said. “Easy to operate, SmartTransfer is designed for operator comfort during this normally highly repetitive task. A filled farm trolley is pushed into the SmartTransfer trolley loader and locked into position. With the door closed, the operator sets SmartTransfer’s electronically operated pusher into action, transferring all the trayed eggs onto a tray collector simultaneously. The operator then opens the door and replaces the farm trolley with a setter trolley. Tray collector guides adjust automatically to the correct pitch for the setter trolley – and all the filled trays are pushed into the setter trolley at the same time. The whole process is completed in under two minutes.” With a footprint of just 1860 x 2775mm, SmartTransfer is constructed from easy-toclean stainless steel and requires minimal maintenance. In another major development, Pas Reform’s innovative SmartPro single-stage incubation system has been recognised by the coveted Dutch ‘GIO’ Awards this year, in a showcase of outstanding industrial design as part of The Netherlands’ annual Design Week, hosted in Eindhoven.
FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue Six 2011
S08 FEAG 6 2011 Equipment_Layout 1 20/12/2011 11:34 Page 33
Cat unveils new full tail swing track feller bunchers CATERPILLAR FOREST PRODUCTS is introducing the new Series II track feller buncher with smoother hydraulic performance, better fuel economy, a more comfortable operator station and better visibility. Both the Cat 541 II and the Cat 552 II are full tail swing machines designed for high production clear cut and for clear or select cut in rough terrain. The 552 II is a leveling machine for more comfort on steep terrain. The Series II features new compensator valve spools in both the implement and travel valve sections. The new valve compensators improve hydraulic stability and flow for enhanced multi-functioning. “The operator can maintain a productive rhythm when activating several functions simultaneously because there is minimal slowing or interruption in one function when another is activated,” said Keith Hicks, Caterpillar Forest Products product performance engineer. “And with a more efficient hydraulic circuit, less hydraulic horsepower is required, so fuel consumption is also reduced.” In addition, the Cat track feller buncher
Caterpillar’s new Series II track feller buncher
hydraulics can be configured for either high or low flow attachments. This gives owners the flexibility to run any attachment and still maintain fast, smooth multi-functioning capability. “For example, when the Cat track feller bunchers are configured for low flow attachments, more hydraulic oil flow is freed up for other machine functions. This is an advantage over other feller bunchers that offer only high flow and cannot be modified to maximize performance for both machine and work tool,” Hicks said. The monitor in the cab has been downsized slightly to improve the operator’s
line of sight out the right front corner of the cab. “The operator has a clear view of the work tool and area to the right side of the cab for lining up a cut or repositioning the machine and linkage,” Hicks said. The operator’s station features ergonomic joysticks, a comfortable, adjustable air ride seat, fresh air side window with screen and HVAC system with updated air ducts for better cooling and heating. All electrical harnesses are bulkheaded before they enter the cab, instead of lines fed in through holes in the floor. This keeps the cab sealed, so it is quieter and dust free.
Advanced draper head for New Holland combines
Pöttinger mulch seed drills: now with direct fertilisation
NEW HOLLAND HAS introduced a new SuperFlex draper head specifically designed to match the high capacity of New Holland CR Series Twin Rotor and CX8000 Series Super-Conventional combines. “Header designs play an important role in reducing harvesting losses," says New Holland Cash Crop Marketing Manager Ed Barry. “The new 880CF SuperFlex draper head provides closer cutting and better flotation so farmers can harvest every bit of their valuable crop.” The 880CF New Holland CR Series Twin Rotor and SuperFlex cutterbar CX8000 Series Super-Conventional combines draper headers are available in cutting widths of 30′, 35′, 40′ and 45′. The 30′, and 35′ heads feature a single-span, plastic-tine pickup reel while 40′ and 45′ models use a dual-span reel with plastic tines. “A patented, rubber spring flotation system allows the 880CF head to follow ground contours more closely. The rubber torsion springs on each floor support can be adjusted manually to tailor flotation to conditions or to compensate for any cutterbar unevenness.The six-bat reel smoothly feeds crop to the cutterbar, which cuts cleanly using three-inch guards and overserrated knife sections with 10 teeth per inch. Reel sensors provide for easy return-to-cut after each pass.”
PÖTTINGER, ONE OF the leading agriculture equipment and machinery manufacturers, has added new direct fertilisation technology to its TERRASEM series of mulch seed drills. Using direct fertilisation technology enables micro and macro nutrients to be placed at the same time as the seed grain. Optimum growth conditions are created during the early phase of seed growth as a result, increasing the potential performance of the crop. Fertilizer can be applied on the TERRASEM using two different methods: through a row of Dual-Disc Exakt coulters, or via a broadcast system using spreader plates. The Dual-Disc Exakt coulter method involves placing fertilizer between each double seed row using the coulters mounted behind the compact harrow unit integrated into the TERRASEM seed drill. The fertiliser placement depth can be adjusted independently of cultivating and sowing depths. The surface is then consolidated across the whole working width before the seed is drilled. The Dual-Disc Exakt coulter thus places a deposit of fertiliser in a perfect position to nourish the roots of the seed. Not only does this save fertiliser and minimise unproductive losses, it also promotes faster development of the root mass and contributes long-term to optimum yield. The broadcast method involves distributing fertiliser across the full working width of the compact harrow so that it is thoroughly mixed in to the soil. The fertiliser is applied virtually loss-free without overlaps or gaps. As a result the roots of the seed find nutrients at all levels. An additional advantage of direct fertilisation is that in difficult ground conditions only one pass is necessary, providing maximum protection of the soil. Plus, there is the advantage of being able to complete the full drilling and fertilising process quickly and effectively in a single pass as soon as an opportunity presents itself.
FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue Six 2011
S08 FEAG 6 2011 Equipment_Layout 1 20/12/2011 11:34 Page 34
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FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue Six 2011
S08 FEAG 6 2011 Equipment_Layout 1 20/12/2011 11:34 Page 35
Moreover Intensive production holds key to feeding growing cities, but improvements in natural resource use and environmental performance are crucial
Major gains in efficiency of livestock systems needed Y 2050 AN expanded world population will be consuming two thirds more animal protein than it does today, bringing new strains to bear on the planet's natural resources, according to a new FAO report. Populations and income growth are fueling an ongoing trend towards greater per capita consumption of animal protein in developing countries, says the report, World Livestock 2011. Meat consumption is projected to rise nearly 73 per cent by 2050; dairy consumption will grow 58 per cent over current levels. Much of the future demand for livestock production — in particular in the world's burgeoning cities, where most population growth is occurring — will be met by largescale, intensive animal-rearing operations. “As it stands, there are no technically or economically viable alternatives to intensive production for providing the bulk of the livestock food supply for growing cities,” FAO's report says. But such systems are a source of concern due to environmental impacts such as groundwater pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, as well as their potential to act as incubators of diseases, warns the report, cautioning: "an urgent challenge is to make intensive production more environmentally benign."
FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue Six 2011
Based on existing knowledge and technology, there are three ways to do this, according to FAO: reduce the level of pollution generated from waste and greenhouse gases; reduce the input of water and grain needed for each output of livestock protein; and recycle agro-industrial by-products through livestock populations. The surge in livestock production that took place over the last 40 years resulted largely from an increase in the overall number of animals being raised. But "it is hard to envisage meeting projected demand by keeping twice as many poultry, 80 per cent more small ruminants, 50 per cent more cattle and 40 per cent more pigs, using the same level of natural resources as currently," says World Livestock 2011. Rather, increases in production will need to come from improvements in the efficiency of livestock systems in converting natural resources into food and reducing waste. This will require capital investment and a supporting policy and regulatory environment.
Animal health is key A number of additional challenges must be confronted as well, including drought, water shortages and other climate-related impacts — not to mention the threat of animal diseases, some which may directly threaten human health, which will have to be carefully managed as livestock production is ramped up.
Intensive systems, and those that encroach upon forest environments or peri-urban areas without proper hygiene, are a fertile ground for new diseases — and many of them are managed in ways that are detrimental to animal health and welfare, according to the report.
Livestock and food security Since 1967, global production of poultry meat increased by around 700 per cent. Other products saw surges in production as well, including eggs, which registered a 350 per cent increase, pig meat (290 per cent), sheep and goat meat (200 per cent), beef and buffalo meat (180 per cent) and milk (180 per cent). Livestock products today supply 12.9 per cent of calories consumed worldwide — 20.3 per cent in developed countries. Their contribution to protein consumption is estimated at 27.9 per cent worldwide and 47.8 per cent in developed countries. However, global trends have not played out evenly on the ground. In many places, production increases haven't occurred and poor and vulnerable communities have not seen their consumption of animal protein rise, FAO warns. Production has expanded rapidly in East and Southeast Asia and in Latin America and the Caribbean but growth in sub-Saharan Africa has been slow. n Source: FAO
S08 FEAG 6 2011 Equipment_Layout 1 20/12/2011 11:34 Page 36
i The Orig
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