Page 1

FEAG 1 2014 COVER_FEAG_COVER_MASTER_09 21/02/2014 11:28 Page 1

US$15.00 (UK£9.00)



Coconuts Versatile crops with benefits aplenty

Preview of Ildex Vietnam 2014 Keep pigs in the forest for better ecology Saving water in poultry processing – p15

Poultry Buyers’ Guide

Philippines’ coffee industry is brewing Cambodia’s rice variety is world’s best

S01 FEAG 1 2014 Start_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:32 Page 2





Advertise in African Farming and Food Processing to generate business from this massive market!

AF NovDec 2013 Co


November/December 2013 January/February 2014

KSH150 - Nigeria N200 - South Europe m14.50 - Ghana C1.3 - Kenya

Africa R18 - UK £9 - USA $15

Europe m14.50 - Ghana C1.3

lling Ricericemi process

- Kenya KSH150 - Nigeria N200

- South Africa R18 - UK £9 - USA


The dry

la Ango initiatives - coffee

Poultry housing in

Harvester progress

Coffee New


the tropics

lease of life for small scale farmers in Zimbabwe

New developments

Sowing seed precisely

The latest in precision seed






Merging conventional and rotary Massey Ferguson’s Delta hybrid.





The Case IH Farmall JX110 to be distributed in East Africa.

Find out how it can help you maxmise your business

Sign up for the FREE fortnightly e-newsletter on

Serving the world of business




Tel: +971 4 448 9260


Tel: +91 80 6533 3362


Tel: +1 203 226 2882

EUROPE Tel: +44 20 7834 7676

e-mail: web:

S01 FEAG 1 2014 Start_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:32 Page 3




US$15.00 (UK£9.00)

Bulletin A round-up of key developments in the regional market



Agenda Cambodia set to see record paddy crops this year, Japan beef exports up in 2013, Fish farms to produce two-thirds of global fish supply by 2030, Annual growth rate of poultry meat market pegged at 5.9 per cent



Versatile crops with benefits aplenty

Events 9

Preview of FIAAP, VICTAM and GRAPAS, INAGRITECH 2014, RUBBER Plant Summit Preview of Ildex Vietnam 2014

Review of INHAGEN 2014, IPM ESSEN

Keep pigs in the forest for better ecology Saving water in poultry processing – p15


Philippines’ coffee industry is brewing Cambodia’s rice variety is world’s best

Poultry Buyers’ Guide


Right housing for efficient output of broilers and eggs


Mycotoxins can be combated


Genetic chip will help breed better salmon


Crops 24

New project aims to speed up rice breeding

Equipment 25

The latest innovation in agricultural technologies

Moreover 35

A united front to tackle loss of crops

Overheated soy harms chick immunity, reveals study

Advertisers Index AWILA Anlagenbau GmbH ............................................................................................................................................19 Centre for Management Technology (4th Rubber Plant Summit)....................................................................................9 Eurofeed Technologies S.p.a. ......................................................................................................................................34 Goizper Sociedad Cooperativa......................................................................................................................................25 Impex Barneveld b.v ....................................................................................................................................................33 Lubing Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG ....................................................................................................................36 Olmix............................................................................................................................................................................17 Omex Agrifluids Ltd. ....................................................................................................................................................21 PEL-tuote Oy ................................................................................................................................................................27 Unipoint AG ..................................................................................................................................................................34


Cows’body condition scoring made easy with new app

Managing Editor : Rhonita Patnaik Editorial and Design team: Bob Adams, Hiriyti Bairu, Lizzie Carroll, David Clancy, Andrew Croft, Ranganath GS, Prashant AP, Genaro Santos, Zsa Tebbit, Nicky Valsamakis and Ben Watts Publisher: Nick Fordham Advertising Sales Director: Pallavi Pandey

Head Office: Alain Charles Publishing Ltd University House 11-13 Lower Grosvenor Place London SW1W 0EX, United Kingdom Phone: +44 20 7834 7676 Fax: +44 20 7973 0076

Middle East Regional Office: Alain Charles Middle East FZ-LLC Office 215, Loft 2A PO Box 502207 Dubai Media City, UAE Phone: +971 4 448 9260 Fax: +971 4 448 9261

Magazine Sales Manager: Richard Rozelaar, Tel: +44 207 834 7676, Fax: +44 207 973 0076 Email:

Production: Nathanielle Kumar, Donatella Moranelli, Natalia Rebow, Nick Salt and Sophia White Email:

Country China India Nigeria Russia South Africa UAE USA


Representative Ying Mathieson Tanmay Mishra Bola Olowo Sergei Salov Annabel Marx Camilla Capece Michael Tomashefsky

Phone (86)10 8472 1899 (91) 80 6684483 (234) 8034349299 (7495) 540 7564 (27) 218519017 (971) 4 448 9260 (1) 203 226 2882

Fax (86) 10 8472 1900 (91) 80 40600791 (7495) 540 7565 (27) 46 624 5931 (971) 4 448 9261 (1) 203 226 7447


Chairman: Derek Fordham Printed by: Times Printers Private Limited Far Eastern Agriculture (ISSN 0266-8025) | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014

Audit Bureau of Circulations - Business Magazines

Serving the world of business


S01 FEAG 1 2014 Start_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:32 Page 4

Bulletin Japan’s Mitsubishi to enter seafood market in China

Philippines dairy industry receives MILK boost

MITSUBISHI CORPORATION HAS announced a new partnership with Zhejiang Ocean Family Company Limited (ZOF) to establish a joint venture company in Hangzhou, China. The new company, Zhejiang Daling Seafood Company Limited, will process seafood for supply to the Chinese market. ZOF specialises in ocean fisheries and the processing, sales and distribution of seafood. The new company will take over these domestic sales and marketing functions from ZOF and will draw on the knowledge and experience gained by MC in the Japanese market to introduce a new style of seafood sales and distribution in China. The new company will seek to meet the growing demand for sushi and sashimi by extending the range of products distributed in the Chinese market. These include products from MC group farms such as Chilean farmed salmon, Thai farmed shrimp and Japanese farmed tuna, as well as wild tuna caught by ZOF’s fishing vessels.

THE PHILIPPINES’ LOCAL dairy industry is set to receive a US$667,407 boost through the Masustansyang Inumin para sa Likas na Kalusugan (MILK) credit assistance programme, which is a partnership between the LANDBANK of the Philippines and the National Dairy Authority (NDA). The programme is expected to make available financial and technical assistance for the production, processing and marketing activities of dairy cooperatives, farmers and other local industry stakeholders to help improve their productivity and increase their income. It also aims to help increase domestic milk production in the country.

Cobb appoints new GM for Asian region PELAYO CASANOVAS HAS been appointed general manager of Cobb’s Asian region covering Asia, the Pacific and Australasia and will be based in a new corporate office being set up in Shanghai, China. His move from Cobb Europe, where he has been sales and technical director for Europe, the Middle East and Africa, comes as Cobb is forging ahead with plans to start producing parent stock in China through a joint venture, Hubei Tong Xing Cobb Breeding Company. Stan Reid, vice president of sales and marketing for Cobb, said, “Pelayo has a solid track record of building and directing teams in both sales and technical roles with Cobb including his role in directing our expansion efforts in Russia. Greenfields Milk has launched its fresh milks in Malaysian retail shops

Singapore’s milk firm plans expansion into Malaysia GREENFIELDS MILK, A diary producer in Southeast Asia, has plans to expand into the Malaysian market. Jan Gert Vistisen, head of marketing and sales for AustAsia Food, distributor for Greenfields Milk, said, “Greenfields holds a commanding market in Indonesia with its fresh milk, and we just launched our fresh milk in retail shops in Malaysia including in Kuala Lumpur. “Today, Malaysia is still a new market for us. We believe Malaysia is very, very promising because in Malaysia, the consumption is more than 50 litres per person, per year. In Indonesia, it is only eight litres and in Singapore, a person consumes 32 litres a year. So there’s a big market in Malaysia.”

Zinpro Corp opens new sales office in North Asia Pelayo Casanovas is Cobb’s new general manager in Asia

Integrated pig parm to open in Chinese county CHINA’S CHANGLING COUNTY is all set to open an integrated project for the farming and processing of pigs. The project comprises of a commercial pig base with a capacity of two million pigs, a slaughtering plant with capacity of two million, feed mills with annual output of 650,000 tonnes of feed, and a meat processing plant capable of processing 50,000 tonnes. China National Cereals, Oils and Foodstuffs Corporation (COFCO) will invest US$6.6bn in the county for the project.


ZINPRO CORPORATION, MAKER of trace mineral nutrition, has recently established a new sales division in North Asia. This geographical sector includes the countries of China, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. Leading this new sales division is Sou Fei Chin, who recently joined the company as vice-president of Sales. “We are pleased to have Chin join our team and look forward to the strong leadership and extensive industry expertise that he brings to this position,” said Joseph Carrica, executive vice-president, global sales and marketing, Zinpro Corporation. Meanwhile, the company’s website was recently awarded the ‘Best Science Website’ in the 2013 WebAward competition. The site was developed by Zinpro Corporation and its web-agency partner, Minneapolis-based Risdall Marketing Group.


S02 FEAG 1 2014 Agenda_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:33 Page 5

Events 2014 MARCH 3-5

Poultry Focus Asia

Bangkok, Thailand


Pig Focus Asia

Bangkok, Thailand


4th Rubber Plant Summit

Phnom Penh, Cambodia



Jakarta, Indonesia


ILDEX Vietnam

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam



Bangkok, Thailand



Bangalore, India


12th Animal Husbandry Expo

Qingdao, China


VIV Europe

Utrecht, The Netherlands


9th Indo Livestock Expo & Forum

Jakarta, Indonesia


International Conference of Aquaculture Indonesia (ICAI 2014)

Bandung, Indonesia





VIV China

Beijing, China


VIETSTOCK Expo & Forum 2014

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Filipino agriculture sector up in 2013 despite typhoons WITH POULTRY, PRE-HUSKED rice (palay), and a host of other key subsectors posting healthy growth rates, agriculture in the Philippines managed to expand by a respectable 1.15 per cent from January to December 2013, notwithstanding the series of natural catastrophes that hit the country during the period. The Bureau of the Agricultural Statistics (BAS) also reported that the industry grew by 3.5 per cent. “Considering a very challenging year, this growth is significant,” said Proceso J Alcala, secretary of agriculture. “It also reminds us how weather-dependent agriculture is and, therefore, the need to promote and support diversification and value-adding in food processing is stronger than ever before,” Alcala added. Poultry growers produced 4.2 per cent more in 2013 than the previous year, largely due to the uptick in the production of chicken buoyed by the increased demand for roasted chicken in key urban centers nationwide. Chicken output expanded by 5.01 per cent, from 1.47mn tonnes, to 1.55mn tonnes. Livestock raisers likewise improved their output last year, as production increased by 1.75 per cent led by dairy (5.47 per cent), followed by hog (1.95 per cent) and cattle (1.76 per cent). Collectively, livestock and poultry subsectors accounted for 31 per cent of the total agricultural production.

Palay saw a another record-breaking harvest at 18.4mn tonnes, which is 2.26 per cent higher than 2012’s output of 18.03 million tonnes

Palay farmers also came up with another record-breaking harvest, at 18.4mn tonnes, which is 2.26 per cent higher than 2012’s output of 18.03 million tonnes. The report mainly attributed the growth to the expansion in area harvested and improvement in yield through the use of quality seeds in Central Luzon, Caraga, SOCCSKSARGEN, Bicol Region and Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). Lower incidence of pests and diseases also contributed to the increase in gross output, the BAS report said. in 2012, palay production was 8.08 per cent bigger than in 2011, at 16.68mn tonnes. Overall, the crops subsector to which palay belongs expanded by a modest 0.09 per cent and accounted for more than half (51.04 per cent) of | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014

the total agricultural output. Fish capture and aquaculture farmers also had bigger output in 2013, allowing the fisheries industry to negate its weak output in the previous year. The combined harvests of commercial, municipal and aquaculture farmers increased by 1.23 per cent, boosted by roundscad production which grew by 17.03 per cent, followed by milkfish (3.7 per cent), tilapia (3.18 per cent) and tiger prawn (2.59 per cent). Meanwhile, corn farmers saw their output slightly decline by 0.40 per cent, to 7.37 million tonnes, from 7.4mn tonnes in 2012, due to damages inflicted by typhoon Gorio on corn farms in ARMM in the second quarter, and typhoon Yolanda that hit Visayas before the year-end. Lower output was noted among growers of coconut, sugarcane, banana, abaca, peanut and calamansi. Livestock recorded the highest farmgate price gain (at 6.94 per cent), followed by crops (2.04 per cent), fisheries (1.53 per cent) and poultry (0.10 per cent). The year 2013 has been marked by destructive typhoons that affected key food production areas around the country, the strongest being Typhoon Yolanda (international name Haiyan) that slammed Eastern and Western Visayas.


S02 FEAG 1 2014 Agenda_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:33 Page 6


Food Outlook THE FAO FOOD price index averaged 206.7 points in December 2013, nearly unchanged from November, as a sharp increase in dairy prices and firming meat values largely balanced out a steep decline in sugar quotations and lower cereal and oil prices. Over the full 2013 year, the index averaged 209.9 points, down 1.6 per cent from 2012, but still the third highest annual value on record. Large supplies pushed down international prices of cereals (with the exception of rice), oils and sugar. However, dairy values peaked in 2013, while meat also hit a record. The FAO cereal price index averaged 191.5 points in December, down 2.8 points, or 1.4 per cent, from November and the lowest monthly value since August 2010. Large global supplies, following record harvests in 2013, continued to exert downward pressure on international prices of wheat and maize in particular. By contrast, rice prices were up slightly in December, sustained mainly by firming aromatic and japonica rice quotations. In 2013, the cereal price index averaged 219.2 points, down as much as 17 points, or 7.2 per cent, from 2012. The FAO vegetable oil price index averaged 196 points in December, down 2.5 points, or 1.3 per cent, from November. The fall in the Index was mainly driven by a weaker import demand for palm oil. Soybean oil prices also

weakened, reflecting ample soybean supply prospects in South America, while large harvests of rapeseed and sunflowerseed also contributed to the general easing in vegetable oil prices. For 2013 as a whole, the Index averaged 193 points, which compares with 224 points in 2012, with palm oil, the vegetable oil with the highest weight in the Index, falling to a four-year low. The FAO dairy price index averaged 264.6 points in December, a rise of 13.2 points, or 5.2 per cent, over November. Demand for milk powder, especially from China, remains strong and processors in the southernhemisphere are focusing on this product rather than on butter and cheese. As a result, in context of light trading and most supplies being already committed, prices of the latter products have risen more than those for milk powder. During 2013, the index averaged 243 points, its highest annual value since its inception, thereby exceeding the previous maximum of 230 points reached in 2011. The FAO meat price index averaged 188.1 points in December, 0.8 points above November. Prices for bovine and pig meat moved higher: demand from China and Japan have resulted in beef prices showing consistent growth since the middle of the year. Prices for poultry were stable, while those for sheep meat moved lower, which coincided

Cambodia set to see record paddy crops this year CAMBODIA IS EXPECTED to witness harvest record paddy crop of 7.3mn tonnes in 2013/14 main wet season, which began in early December 2013. The total cereal output for 2013 is estimated at 10.3mn tonnes. The preliminary official estimates put the 2013 main season paddy crop up 1.7 per cent on last year’s output of the same season, according to FAO. The increase is attributed to the The increase is mainly expansion in plantings attributed to an estimated 3.3 per cent expansion in plantings. However, heavy monsoon rains during September and October 2013 resulted in localised flooding across northern parts of the Mekong River Basin. FAO added that the aggregate 2013/14 rice output, including the ongoing main and secondary seasons, is officially forecasted at a record level of 9.3mn tonnes, slightly above 2012’s level. The harvesting of the 2013 maize crop was completed by October 2013. Latest official estimates point to a harvest of 911,127 tonnes, some four per cent below last year’s level.


with the seasonal slaughter peak in the southern hemisphere. In 2013, the index remained at historically high levels, averaging 184 points, compared to 182 points in 2012 and 183 points in 2011. The FAO sugar price index averaged 234.9 points in December, down 15.8 points, or 6.3 per cent, from November. Sugar prices declined for the third consecutive month in December as the sugarcane harvest in Brazil, the world’s largest sugar producer and exporter, exceeded expectations. Adding to the downward pressure on international prices were reports of record production in Thailand, the second biggest world exporter of sugar, as well as good harvests in China. Overall in 2013, sugar prices were down 18 per cent in comparison to 2012, on the back of greater export availabilities.

Japan beef exports up in 2013, may reduce US import tarrif JAPAN’S 2013 BEEF exports reached 909 tonnes, up 5.3 per cent from 2012, according to the Ministry of Finance. The country is also looking to reduce tariffs on beef imported from the US in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) free trade talks, according to highly placed sources. The Abe administration has decided to offer the concession under strong pressure from the US to open up its agricultural sector. Imported beef is currently subject to a 38.5 per cent tariff. The administration plans to propose lowering the figure to less than 30 per cent, while it is also considering proposing a reduction in tariffs levied on low-priced pork from the US, which is currently subject to a high level of duties, they said. The proposal to Washington on beef compares with Japan’s separate proposal to Australia to cut tariff on beef imports to around 30 per cent in negotiations for a separate free trade agreement. Japan also hopes to obtain approval from the US by offering more favourable treatment on US beef than Australian beef. Among goods categorised as five sensitive farm product groups, the Abe administration is seeking to retain tariffs on rice while increasing the amount of Japan’s imports from the US duties on sugar will likely be retained, the sources said.


S02 FEAG 1 2014 Agenda_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:33 Page 7


Fish farms to produce two-thirds of global fish supply by 2030: FAO AQUACULTURE — OR FISH farming — will provide close to two thirds of global food fish consumption by 2030 as catches from wild capture fisheries level off and demand from an emerging global middle class, especially in China, substantially increases, according to a report. These are among the key findings of Fish to 2030: Prospects for Fisheries and Aquaculture, a collaboration between the World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), released recently. The report highlights the extent of global trade in seafood which tends to flow heavily from developing to developed countries. According to FAO, at present 38 per cent of all fish produced in the world is exported and in value terms, over two thirds of fishery exports by developing countries are directed to developed countries. The Fish to 2030 report finds that a major and growing market for fish is coming from China which is projected to account for 38 per cent of global consumption

Asia is projected to make up 70 per cent of global fish consumption by 2030

of food fish by 2030. China and many other nations are increasing their investments in aquaculture to help meet this growing demand. Asia — including South Asia, South-East Asia, China and Japan — is projected to make up 70 per cent of global fish consumption by 2030. The report predicts that 62 per cent of food fish will come from aquaculture by 2030 with the fastest supply growth likely to come from tilapia, carp, and catfish. Global tilapia production is expected to almost double from 4.3mn tonnes to 7.3mn tonnes a year between 2010 and 2030. The World Bank’s director of agriculture and

Taiwan lifts ban on Canadian beef imports, signs deals TAIWAN HAS RECENTLY lifted a ban on imports of Canadian beef-on-the-bone and both countries have signed an agreement to expand market access to include beef products from animals under 30 months of age (UTM). The arrangement is likely to level the playing field for Canadian beef producers and generate export opportunities to the lucrative Taiwanese market, according to official sources. The market is expected to open up in March this year and will also benefit Taiwanese consumers, who will have greater access to Canada’s safe, high-quality beef. Canada currently ships boneless UTM frozen, fresh and The market is expected to open up in chilled beef to Taiwan. March this year In 2012, Canadian total exports of these beef products were valued at US$1.4mn, ranking Taiwan as Canada’s 18th largest beef export market. Canadian and US beef imports were banned in Taiwan starting 2003 in the wake of various mad cow disease scares. However, boneless Canadian beef continued to be imported since 2007. The Canadian Ministry said it hoped its latest move would help promote negotiations with Canada on an investment agreement as well as paving the way for Taiwan to join reggional trade bloc Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). Taiwan is heavily reliant on beef from abroad with 94 per cent of local consumption met by imports, according to the Taiwan’s Agriculture Ministry.

environmental Services, Juergen Voegele, said that the report provides valuable information for developing countries interested in growing their economies through sustainable fish production, though he warns that carefully thought out policies are needed to ensure the resource is sustainably managed. “Supplying fish sustainably — producing it without depleting productive natural resources and without damaging the precious aquatic environment — is a huge challenge,” he said. “We continue to see excessive and irresponsible harvesting in capture fisheries. In aquaculture, disease outbreaks among other things, have heavily impacted production. If countries can get their resource management right, they will be well placed to benefit from the changing trade environment.” Fisheries and aquaculture are a vital source of jobs, nutritious food and economic opportunities, especially for small-scale fishing communities. Yet threats from largescale disease outbreaks in aquaculture and climate change-related impacts could dramatically alter this.

Vietnam seafood exports to hit US$7 billion in 2014 IN 2014, VIETNAM seafood exports are expected to report a firm growth to reach US$6.7mn to US$6.8bn and hit US$7bn if shrimp and pangasius exports have the great growth in 2014. According to Vietnam Customs, in 2013, Vietnam exported its seafood to 156 markets, earning US$6.7bn. Top 10 largest importers of Vietnam seafood made up 85 per cent of the country’s total seafood exports. Vietnam shrimp exports, particularly whiteleg shrimp, saw great success in 2013 due to its stable supply in comparison with China, Thailand and high shrimp price in markets such as Japan and the US. Vietnam whiteleg shrimp Vietnam shrimp exports, particularly white- exports in the year rose leg shrimp, saw great success in 2013 113 per cent year-onyear to reach nearly US$1.6bn, reports Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP). However, the pangasius industry in 2013 faced some difficulties due to instability in fish supply, low demand and low price. The exports still reached over US$1.7bn, equating to that of 2012. The rise in exports depends on the quality of shrimp seed is ensured, chemicals and antibiotics in aquaculture and exported products are closely controlled. | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014


S02 FEAG 1 2014 Agenda_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:33 Page 8


South Korea and FAO team up to support sustainable fisheries THE GOVERNMENT OF South Korea and FAO will work together to promote responsible fishing and aquaculture in the developing world. Jae Hak Son, South Korea’s viceminister of oceans and fisheries, Maria Helena Semedo, FAO assistant directorgeneral had recently signed an MoU agreeing to work together to address key issues related to fisheries and aquaculture and promote compliance with the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Adopted by FAO’s member countries in 1995, the code contains a series of policy principles, technical guidelines and best practices for conducting fishing and aquaculture in a responsible and sustainable way. The new FAO-South Korea initiative will cover a broad spectrum of policy, governance and management issues in fisheries and aquaculture. Education and training programs will be a major component. All activities will mainly be financed by South Korea via a new trust fund established at FAO. “Fishing and fish farming make major contributions to food supply, nutrition, and incomes for millions of people,” said Semedo. “This new program will help safeguard these contributions for future generations, by providing governments and those working in fishing and aquaculture with guidance and support in adopting more sustainable practices. We are extremely grateful for South Korea’s support for this effort, both in terms of funding and in bringing its own expertise and know-how to bear,” she added. “This MOU forms part of Korean efforts to foster capacity building in developing countries,” added Mr Jae Hak Son. “By providing key education and training, we will help create much needed expertise in international fisheries policy development.” The livelihoods of 660mn to 820mn people depend directly or indirectly on fisheries and aquaculture, and fish is the primary source of protein of 17 percent of the world’s population — that figure rises to nearly 25 per cent in low-income fooddeficit countries and to more than 50 per cent in some Least Developed Countries in Africa and Asia.


Annual growth rate of world poultry meat market pegged at 5.9 per cent THE PROCESSED POULTRY meat market revenue is estimated to reach US$250,949mn by 2018, with a projected combined annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.9 per cent, while the processed poultry equipment market was valued at US$2,667mn in 2012. According to the report published in Research and Markets, the processed poultry meat market has grown exponentially in the last decade and this growth is expected to continue. Factors such as the increasing demand for protein-rich convenience food, busy lifestyles of two-income middle class families of developing countries are driving the market for processed poultry meat. The ever-growing population, especially in developing nations, and their increasing income are expected to result into a rise in the demand for food, both, fresh and processed. As a result, the processing of meat is expected to increase in the near future. Research and development activities carried out across all regions, especially in Europe, to develop low-cost production techniques are expected to add pace to the growth rate of the poultry meat processing equipment market. The major restraint of this market is the small and medium organizations in AsiaPacific, Latin America, and South African countries catering to the demands of the local market but which cannot afford the costly poultry meat-processing equipment. Lack of awareness among the processors about the technological advancement in the industry is another restraining factor of the market. The estimated poultry meat consumption is 106mn tons in 2013, of that, 94mn tons is chicken meat. Chicken meat had a share of 84.2 per cent of the total production of poultry meat. It takes much less feed to produce a kilo of chicken than an equal

Chicken meat had a share of 84.2 per cent of the total production of poultry meat

quantity of pork or beef. Global processed poultry meat market was valued at US$1,79,551.2mn in 2012 and projected to reach US$250,949.5mn by 2018. Poultry processing equipment market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 6.7 per cent from 2013 to 2018. The trend in the processed poultry equipment market is shifting towards convenience food, hygiene, safety and custom fillets and portions of poultry products in order to suffice the increasing consumer demand. The major market players in poultry processing equipment market are Marel Food processing limited (Iceland), CTB Inc, BAADER Food Processing Machinery (US) and others. The size of the processed poultry meat and poultry processing equipment market was derived by forecasting techniques based on the segments of the entire market, such as types, product types,market players and the trade between various geographical regions. The major market players were acknowledged through secondary research and their market revenue was determined through both primary and secondary research. It includes the study of the annual reports of the top market players and interviews with key opinion leaders such as CEOs, directors, and marketing personnel.

Philippines plans corn exports in 2014 THE PHILIPPINE’S DEPARTMENT OF agriculture (DA) said that it will export corn in 2014 if the local corn supply is more than sufficient. Proceso J. Alcala, agriculture secretary, said the country is targeting higher production this year while the DA plans to expand corn production areas to reach this goal. At the same time the government will add more infrastructure as well as post-harvest facilities like dryers and storage facilities. The secretary expressed optimism that there will be higher volume of corn exports because of farm mechanisation, according to a report in Business Mirror.

Alcala said that production must be maintained as demand increases due to the growing livestock and poultry industry. The DA said that there will be an expansion of corn areas for harvest to boost its competitiveness for 2015. The agency has already identified 300,000 hectares of coconut areas that can be intercropped with corn. The country aims to produce 8.4mn to 8.7mn metric tonnes of corn this year. The Philippines had, in 2013, sent an initial shipment of 24metric tonnes of corn silage for cattle to South Korea.


S03 FEAG 1 2014 Events_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:33 Page 9

INAGRITECH 2014 to serve machinery needs in Indonesia MACHINERY EXPO INAGRITECH 2014 will be held from 19 to 22 March 2014 at JIExpo Kemayoran Jakarta and co-located with IIBT (The Indonesia International Bus, Truck and Commercial Vehicle Exhibition) and Heavy Equipment Indonesia 2014. It is touted as a one-stop exhibition for heavy duty vehicle, truck and supporting industries vendors in agriculture supply chain. Organised by PT. Global Expo Management (GEM INDONESIA), INAGRITECH will feature the latest agriculture and forestry vehicle, machinery, equipment and technology. It is said to be the ideal platform for agricultural machinery manufacturers to launch new machinery and equipment. The exhibition will also serve as the marketplace for meeting professionals working in the agriculture and agro-industrial business chain, including palm oil and forestry chain. The visitors can witness the latest agriculture technology and machinery for helping the efficiency of agricultural crop with high productivity targets. The event will also aid buyers to meet agro vendors under one roof. INAGRITECH will optimise for vendors to expand their business and network agro-industry in Indonesia. Indonesia is reportedly growing to become the largest economy in ASEAN with more than US$1,000bn market-based spending and GDP growth of seven per cent in 2013.

FIAAP, VICTAM and GRAPAS a month away FIAAP, VICTAM AND GRAPAS Asia 2014 is pegged to be even bigger than the last event organised in 2012, according to the show organisers. Over 200 international exhibitors will keep visitors engrossed from 8 to 10 April when the three exhibitions will be held within one event at the Bangkok International Trade and Exhibition Centre (BITEC). Millers from important industry sectors from throughout the Asia-Pacific region will be descending on Bangkok to find out how they can achieve costs savings, increase efficiency but without reducing the quality of their end products. FIAAP Asia 2014 will profile the range of specialist ingredients and additives used within the production of animal feeds, aquafeeds and petfoods. On its part, VICTAM Asia 2014 will profile both the specialist technology and systems, together with ancillary equipment, that produce safe, nutritious animal feeds cost effectively. The production of biomass pelleting is also included within this exhibition. GRAPAS Asia 2014 will profile ingredients, specialist technology and systems, together with ancillary equipment that are used in rice and flour milling, grain processing etc. Companies will also exhibit the latest technology for grain preservation, transportation, storage, etc. Various conferences like Petfood Forum Asia, Aquafeed Horizons Asia, Thai Feed Conference and Pellets Update Asia will also be organised. New features like the ASEAN Feed & Rice Symposium and the ASEAN Feed Summit will also be held. | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014


S03 FEAG 1 2014 Events_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:33 Page 10


Rubber summit to encourage new countries into production THE 4TH RUBBER PLANT Summit will commence 5-6 March 2014 to spearhead dialogue on the prospects of emerging rubber producing countries. CMT is hosting the event at Phnom Penh in Cambodia to delve into rubber price movement, plantation techniques and productivity in a sluggish global economy, and focus on the emergence of new rubber producing countries like Cambodia, Myanmar and Gabon. To be attended by key officials, global investors, plantation owners, economists, the summit is slated to be a major business platform for the rubber community worldwide. For over two days, key officials from Cambodia, Sri Lanka as well as planters, investors, rubber producers and suppliers, rubber research organisations and other stakeholders along the value chain will examine dual subjects of ‘Rubber Plantation Boom in Cambodia driven by Government Initiatives’ and ‘Balancing Investment Opportunities & Challenges in a Sluggish Global Economy’ deliberating on the

The summit is slated to be a major business platform for the rubber community worldwide

INHAGEN 2014 renews its foothold in Philippines INHAGEN 2014 OR The Farmers’ Congress was recently held in Pasay city, Philippines. A conference and exhibition dedicated to animal health, genetics and nutrition, showcasing products, equipment and services related to livestock and poultry and covering topics on research, commercial findings, technologies and veterinary medications, the fifth edition renewed its stronghold as the country’s largest and most prestigious agri-business exhibition on February 8-10, 2014 at The SMX Convention Center, SM Mall of Asia. The bi-annual event, organised by the Philippine Veterinary Drug Foundation, Inc. (PVDFI) and the Philippine Swine Industry Research and Development Foundation, Inc. (PSIRDFI), played host to livestock and poultry industry leaders from the Philippines and around the world. INAHGEN 2014 continued to focus discussions and convention programmes on the resolution of animal health, genetics and nutrition issues. The event also displayed live animals, the latest products and equipment, technology and innovation. Renowned Filipino and foreign speakers included Ronaldo Javier D. Mateo, MD, Vitacea Philippines Inc., who spoke on functional fatty acids. Dr Hans Christoph Wagner, manager, business development,


More than 500 exhibitors showcased their products and services at the event

AVEVE Biochem NV, spoke on fine tuning cost reduction in poultry feeds with NSP enzymes and Jose Q. Molina, D.V.M., M.V.S., veterinary medical director, Chemvet Products, Inc./ Enson Laboratories Inc., spoke on porcine respiratory disease complex an epidemiological revisit. More than 500 exhibitors showcased their products and services at the event, ranging from feed suppliers, raw materials, feed ingredients and additives; animal health and breeding; farm and slaughter equipment, as well as meat processing, packaging and handling. More than 30,000 farmers and industry partners attended the past editions and have proved that INAHGEN is the biggest and the largest Farmers’ Congress in Philippines.

changing patterns of rubber trade globally, price movement, foreign investment outlook in rubber plantations, socio-economic issues related to rubber as a commodity crop and other pertinent issues. The summit will begin with an address by Ly Phalla, general directorate of rubber plantations, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries, to provide an overview on ‘Strengthening the Development of Cambodia’s Rubber Sector’ along with insights on Cambodia’s vision to rapidly expand the country’s rubber industry. Sudharma Karunaratne, secretary of Ministry of Plantation Industries, Sri Lanka who will share ‘Strategies to Develop Sri Lanka’s Natural Rubber Sector’ with special focus on moving into non-traditional areas. The summit also features presentations by rubber plantation owners as well as rubber processing companies. The programme will also highlight recent studies on agronomics to increase yield and productivity by leading institute like CIRAD and CRRI.

IPM ESSEN gives a unique overview on horticulture IPM ESSEN, ONCE again, presented itself as an important ordering platform for horticulture at Messe Essen in Germany recently. It offered trade visitors from all over the world a unique overview of the market and showcased innovative new products. Inaugurated by Hands-Peter Friedrich, federal minister of agriculture, IPM ESSEN hosted 1,550 exhibitors from 45 nations who exhibited their products and services from the plants, technology, floristry and equipment sections. In addition to the complete diversity of plants and flowers, the floristry highlighted the newest trends from technology, equipment and services, a large number of national and international associations were represented too. Poised as more than a pure ordering fair, the trade visitors used it as an important meeting placein order to maintain and consolidate business contacts and to obtain information about innovations and market chances. For example, the horticultural forum was devoted to the business possibilities in Turkey. Numerous competitions highlighted new plants for the international market. With flowery design and display ideas, top class florists from all over the world provided insights on cut flowers and plants were marketed successfully in the retail flower trade.


S03 FEAG 1 2014 Events_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:33 Page 11


ILDEX Vietnam and India get ready for another stint The biennial event is a must-visit for exhibitors to showcase their products in livestock, dairy and aquaculture sectors LDEX VIETNAM 2014 is set to return in March with the objective of serving the domestic market by organising the trade exhibition together with a variety of activities such as technical seminars including both commercial and non-commercial sections, supported by the government, associations as well as private companies. The fifth international livestock, dairy, meat processing, aquaculture and bio-energy exposition will feature advanced technology and innovative solutions from suppliers for the country’s livestock, dairy, meat-processing, and aquaculture industries. The population growth, changing dietary habits and rising income result in a dramatic increase for meat consumption in Vietnam. The US Grains Counsel expects that by 2020 Vietnam could account for 350mn new households in the middle class, which is now around 925mn. The country is the No. 1 market for US-dried distillers grains in Southeast Asia and is only behind China, Mexico and Canada. Vietnam also has a strong aquaculture industry, and in the next three years, as China’s expanding population will demand nearly all of the world’s aquaculture production, Vietnamese fish farms will have a large opportunity. In 2010, there were more than one million hectares of aquaculture in production in Vietnam, producing about 500,000 tons of fish. To be held in March 19-21, 2014 at Saigon Exhibition and Convention Center (SECC) Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, the biennial event will feature pig farming equipment, feed and feed ingredients, feed additives and premixes, feeding system, cattle breeding, dairy farming, dairy processing equipment, milking system, disease controls, animal


The 2014 India edition will be held 23-25 April at Bangalore International Exhibition Centre (BIEC).

ILDEX Vietnam has truly proven to serve the domestic market together with a great variety of activities

health and pharmaceutical products, pig and poultry breeding, pig and poultry farming and packaging services. The visitor profile is likely to include feed industry, animal husbandry, animal health, veterinarians, meat processing sector, trade and distribution, industry supplier and pig and poultry farmers. ILDEX Vietnam has truly proven to serve the domestic market together with a great variety of activities. In 2012, the exhibition welcomed more than 200 exhibitors worldwide to meet and match with around 7,000 visitors who are both Vietnamese and participants from neighbouring countries. The well-received activities were the professional business platform with good support from the Department of Livestock Production, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD). Moreover, ILDEX Vietnam still positions as a leader and has been chosen by the leading company such as BIOMIN, Nutiad, Buhler, Lohmann, Muyang, Tecno, Texha and etc. to be a highly recommended exhibition to participate in this promising market. According to organisers VNU Exhibitions, participating in ILDEX Vietnam will open up a great opportunity to put one’s mark on these strategically important cities, with the network linkage among the ASEAN Countries and Asia. Meanwhile, VNU Exhibitions and Inter Ads India partnered with NEO to create VIV/ILDEX India in Bangalore in 2012. The 2014 edition will be held 23-25 April at Bangalore International Exhibition Centre (BIEC). This is a single platform to serve the Indian feed-to-meat business better. Through their co-operations and own events, the three partners have set up profound databases as well as valuable networks with institutions, media and industry associations. VIV/ILDEX India 2012 presented a successful professional feed-tomeat platform for the Indian poultry and dairy industry. A total of 150 specialised exhibitors from 18 countries introduced an extensive exhibition program with the latest technology, products and services. The presentation of countries included official pavilions from China, France and the Netherlands. n | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014


S04 FEAG 1 2014 Poultry_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:35 Page 12


Right housing for efficient output of broilers and eggs It is imperative that the interiors of the house be designed and arranged in accordance with comfort for better production ELECTING THE RIGHT type of house for poultry allows efficient production of broilers and eggs within a stress-free environment with maximum economy of feed. A properly designed and correctly constructed poultry house provides the required level environmental control for birds to live and grow in comfortable, hygienic and well-ventilated and illuminated conditions. With this achieved, birds are protected from direct sunlight, rain, draughts, extremes and sudden changes in temperature, as well as gases and fumes including carbon dioxide and ammonia from manure and soiled litter. Overhead costs should be low and no more than 15 per cent of total production costs. Design and construction should take into account the need for multi-purpose use — adaptations for brooding, rearing and egg laying, but on no account should birds of different ages be raised simultaneously under one roof.


Poultry house layout in relation to the entire farm and other individual buildings and their functions must be taken into consideration

orientate towards the least direct sunlight. Poultry house layout in relation to the entire farm and other individual buildings and their function is another important consideration. Design plans must ensure that wind direction, water drainage and work routine moves from buildings holding younger stock to buildings holding older stock.

Site and location The next big step is the location of the house, which must be accessible via a good allweather road so that inputs can be brought in and produce taken out. Reliable sources of clean piped water and electricity are essential. Drainage should be considered from the point of view of poultry health, including the disposal of poultry waste. The selected site should benefit from air movements and to this, end wind speeds and directions should be studied over a period of time, whole year if possible, so that the house receives the most favourable orientation to the prevailing winds. Farmers should avoid sites that are prone to water-logging, which have air movements obstructed by natural barriers or other farm buildings. They should consider direction of sunlight, rainfall and cold draughts and relate these factors to wind speed and direction especially during cool and rainy seasons. Always site the house so that the long walls


Surrounding vegetation Always locate the house well away from concentrated blocks of tall plantation tree crops

It is not a good idea to locate poultry houses near to dense natural vegetation or crops like sugar cane and cocoa, which may harbour rodents

like rubber and other buildings so there is no interference with natural air flow onto and through the poultry house. Tall trees with bare trunks, foliage restricted to tree crowns near to the house can provide good shading benefits without interfering with the flow of air. But small bushy trees and shrubs like citrus and mango have an overall negative effect because they are not tall enough to provide shade but will still interrupt air flow. Appropriately sited trees and other vegetation may complement cooling of the house through transpiration of water from the leaves by taking heat from the immediate environment for evaporation. Indeed air movements across transpiring crops in hot climates can reduce ambient air temperature by up to three degrees celsius. In hot dry areas, poultry house location near crops including pasture under irrigation can bring considerable rewards. Furthermore, a poultry house that is completely surrounded by grassland or alternative low-profile cover crops like alfalfa, groundnuts, cowpea (vigna) or cucurbits (such as cucumber, pumpkin or musk melon) will benefit from the absorption of solar radiation by the foliage. It is not a good idea to locate poultry houses near to dense natural vegetation or crops like sugar cane and cocoa, all of which may harbour rodent predators like rats. If


S04 FEAG 1 2014 Poultry_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:35 Page 13


raising ducks always reserve an area outside of the house, occupying an equivalent to half the house area, to construct a pond of shallow water which need be no more than 30cm deep. With this supplied ducks can often withstand high ambient temperatures that would otherwise cause high mortality in chickens and turkeys. Clearly there are no hard and fast rules but more a question of ‘mix and match’ to suit.

Building the house On a per bird basis, the cost of building a house decreases with the size of house so producers are advised, if financially possible, to include any future expansion plans in the initial construction.

Foundations and floor Required depth of the foundations is determined by the physical condition of the ground and soil and the weight that has to be borne. In locations that experience high winds, a depth of at least 0.4 metres is required. The foundation hole should be large enough for one man to work in comfortably (up to 0.6 metres wide). For a foundation depth of 0.4 metres, 0.2 metres depth of concrete (lime or cement) is required. Foundation walls should be built to 0.2 metres thickness and brought up to 0.15 metres above ground level with 0.1 metre left on each side. In all cases they must be constructed from cement, stones and other termite resistant material. Concrete is advised for the floor so that it provides a rodent proof surface that can be washed down and disinfected. Floor level should be at least 0.20 metres above ground level with up eight cm to 10cm of high quality concrete laid on a carefully prepared and solid base. Bricks laid on an equally solid base and cemented together offer a cheaper and satisfactory alternative. A concrete floor is essential for deep litter systems. This is

Producers looking for a cheap alternative may be able to keep commercial broilers, layers or breeders on dirt floors of a sandy, porous nature

particularly important if the soil is clayey and able to absorb moisture from the sub soil, because the dampness will ultimately be transferred to surface of the soil, by capillary action, and be absorbed by the litter. Producers looking for a cheap alternative may be able to keep commercial broilers, layers or breeders on dirt floors of a sandy, porous nature, although the floor should be rammed tight with a hard material and be at least 0.3 metres above the surrounding ground level.

Dimensions Widths of open-sided houses should ideally be between 8-10 metres while those excess of 10 metres will invariably cause problems during hot seasons with insufficient natural ventilation to keep the birds out of heat stress situations. Length of the house is more versatile. It may be any length the producer chooses although in practical terms length is determined by the ‘lay of the land’ on which it is to be built. Uneven land requires grading and levelling, a labour intensive and relatively expensive component of the building programme. Length of the house will also be constrained by the adoption and

A generous overhang of up to one metre is advised to protect the interior of the house from heavy driving rainfall and to offer shade and comfort for the flock | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014

installation of automatic feeding and watering equipment. For this reason, producers who opt for such equipment should have detailed discussions with manufacturers beforehand to determine the limitations, if any, on house dimensions. Open sided houses will typically have stud supports that measure 2.5 metres from the foundations to the roof, increased to three metres in areas that experience very high temperatures. Side-walls are typically 10cm to 12cm thick (the width of a single, standard concrete block) and built to a height of 0.5-0.6 metre with pillars (0.3 square metres) on top, at 1.2 metres intervals, to secure wire netting frames. Frames are approximately 1.2 metres tall with hexagonal wire netting slotted into and secured to a timber frame. End walls are built of solid brick with doors at each end.

The roof Thatch, though cheap, is neither fireproof or bird/rodent proof and is, therefore, not recommended. Suitable alternatives include clay tiles on a wooden support structure. Gable roofs with ridge openings to provide good ventilation are ideal in hot climates. A generous overhang of up to one metre is advised to protect the interior of the house from heavy driving rainfall and to offer shade and comfort for the flock. Other commonly used roofing materials include corrugated, galvanised iron sheets or aluminium sheets. The tendency for corrugated iron roofs to raise the inside temperature of the house to uncomfortable levels during hot seasons can be avoided by the judicious planting of shade trees. Aluminium sheeting, though more costly, does not cause this problem. Installation of false ceilings and treating the roof with white paint to reflect heat are relatively cheap ways of maintaining house temperatures at equitable levels. n By Terry Mabbettn


S04 FEAG 1 2014 Poultry_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:35 Page 14


Overheated soy harms chick immunity, reveals study SCIENTISTS IN CHINA’S Nanjing have found that heating a high-protein soy product can damage the protein, adversely affecting the chick's immune system. Protein oxidation of soy protein isolate (SPI) is induced by heating, and oxidised protein may negatively affect the immune function of broilers. That is the conclusion reached by DW Wu and colleagues at Nanjing Agricultural University after a study looking at the effects of heat treatment of SPI on the growth performance and immune function of broiler chickens. In their study published in Poultry Science, they explain that the SPI was heated in an oven at 100°C for one, four or eight hours and resultant oxidative status was evaluated. A total of 320 one-day-old Arbor Acres chickens were randomly divided into four treatment groups with eight replicates of 10 birds, and fed diets supplemented with the unheated SPI or one of the three heattreated SPI for 21 days. The results showed that heat exposure of SPI for four and eight hours caused an increase in protein carbonyl, and a simultaneous decrease in sulfhydryl and free amine groups compared with unheated SPI. The bodyweight of broilers fed diets supplemented with SPI heated for eight hours were significantly lower than that of broilers fed diets supplemented with unheated SPI. Compared with unheated SPI, heattreated SPI (heated for eight hours) reduced liver weight at 14 days of age, spleen and bursa weights at 21 days of age. The content of IgG in serum and duodenal mucosa of broilers (at 14 days) was decreased when diets supplemented with heat-treated SPI (heated for eight hours). No significant differences were observed in the mucosa secretory IgA contents of broilers among the treatment groups. Compared with unheated SPI, a significant increases were observed in the content of adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol in serum of broilers fed the heat-treated SPI (heated for eight hours) at 21 days. The myeloperoxidase activities in serum (at 14 days) and mucosa of broilers were increased when diets supplemented with heat-treated SPI (heated for eight hours).


New vaccine delivery system for newborn chicks AN ALTERNATE VACCINE delivery system for newborn chicks has been developed by US Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists to improve vaccination against intestinal diseases like coccidiosis. A common and costly poultry disease, coccidiosis is caused by tiny, single-celled parasites that belong to the genus Eimeria. Infected birds spread disease by shedding oocysts, the egglike stage of the parasite. The infected birds are slower to gain weight and grow, and sometimes die. Traditional poultry vaccine methods involve vaccinating chicks in trays on a conveyor with an electronic sprayer. However, some chicks may be missed by these methods and consequently have little defence

against diseases. The alternate system, developed by scientists at the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) involves putting low doses of live Eimeria oocysts inside gelatin beads, which are fed to birds. Microbiologist Mark Jenkins and zoologist Ray Fetterer, in BARC’s Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, examined the gelatin bead vaccine effectiveness in chicks of layer hens and broilers. One-day-old chicks were immunised by ingesting gelatin beads or with a hand-held sprayer. The group that swallowed the gelatin beads had a greater vaccine uptake than the group that received the vaccine in spray form, and was better protected against coccidiosis.

Oil palm leftovers as poultry and livestock feed OIL PALM HAS many uses such as cooking oils, cosmetics, oleochemicals and biodiesels are what most people will come up with, if you ask them how the crop is used after harvesting. However, palm waste can be useful as a feed for livestock. Fruit from the oil palm tree has an oily outer layer and a single seed within, both of which contain commercially valuable oil. About 98.8 per cent of the value in oil palm comes from oil products, including palm oil, oleochemicals, palm kernel oil, finished products and biodiesel. The remaining 1.2 per cent of the value found in the plant's byproducts however, are not to be scoffed at. One by-product of the industry is palm kernel meal. This is the pulpy mass left over after oil has been extracted from palm kernel seeds. Every year, over seven million tonnes of the stuff is dried and processed, ending up as feed stock for cattle. The biggest importer is the European Union, which took in about 2.63mn tonnes in 2013, followed by New Zealand with 1.52mn tonnes. The Malaysian Palm Oil Council (MPOC) explains that this substance is packed with minerals, protein, fat and carbohydrates. Cattle are particularly suited to the meal due to their ability to digest its high starch, sugar and cellulose content. In monogastric animals such as the African catfish or layer chickens, palm kernel meal can be used to make up about 20 per cent to 30 per cent of the animal’s diet. In beef cattle, palm kernel meal can constitute up to 80 per cent of the diet and for dairy cattle, 50 per cent. This makes the dairy industry a big customer of Malaysia’s palm kernel meal. Palm kernel meal is an important source of supplementary stock feed to grass and hay for dairy cattle, especially in drought-affected areas. In response to such concerns, risk assessments conducted by its Ministry of Primary Industries have shown that palm kernel meal is

not a natural host for potentially worrying pathogens, such as the foot and mouth disease virus. Besides, import conditions require each consignment to be heat processed to 85°C and stored in factories dedicated to the processing of palm fruits and kernels, and kept clean and free of potential contamination following production. The ministry has also ensured that under the Import Health Standard, palm kernel meal will only be imported from approved and audited facilities. These assurances can only be a good thing for responsible exporters based in Malaysia and Indonesia, which together, accounted for about 90 per cent of world exports in 2013 (Malaysia, 2.58mn tonnes and Indonesia, 3.56mn tonnes). In Malaysia, most palm kernel meal is exported as its dairy and cattle industry is relatively small, with the local consumption at 23,000 tonnes last year. According to the MPOC, recent market prices have allowed palm kernel meal to offer the best value for money in animal feed ingredients. Based on market price trades in Rotterdam in August 2013, the total digestible nutrient per US dollar is higher than soybean, rapeseed, and sunflower meals. “In other words, one US dollar spent on palm kernel meal gives feed millers an energy value of 52.7 megajoules, which is 29 per cent to 108 per cent higher than that of soybean, rapeseed and sunflower meals,” concludes the MPOC.


S04 FEAG 1 2014 Poultry_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:35 Page 15


Saving water in poultry processing The industries must be constantly reminded that resources are finite. Therefore, there must be an endeavour to reduce wastage of water in the units ECAUSE OF ITS efficiency, the poultry industry is emerging as the No. 1 supplier of sustainable animal protein — be it in the form of poultry meat or eggs — yet there are still examples where the industry does not run as efficiently as it could or make the best use of its resources. One such example is the use of water in poultry processing plants; however, there are numerous ways in which savings can be made.


Problem: Infrastructure At the start of the processing chain, water is used for washing, and through the addition of suitable products, the disinfection of birds. Any equipment used for these processes should supply sufficient volumes of water but not waste it. The equipment used for carcass washing may be located in the scalding, plucking and evisceration areas of the processing plant, and may simply comprise a traditional domestic showerhead. This results in high consumption of drinking-quality water, which is expensive to produce. This same type of showerhead can also be seen during evisceration and, in the worst cases, nothing more than a half inch hose is used, and the water supply is never turned off. Solution: An awareness needs to be created that all work must be carried out quickly and well to avoid waste of any kind, and this includes the connection of pipes, hoses and the carrying out repairs. Another challenge for plant managers would be to organise a more staggered start for each process at the start of the shift, and to insist on greater accuracy. This could result in a reduction in energy consumption, a reduction in water wasted through the proper adjustment of air pressure used by the blowers, an overall lowering in amount of water used per processed chicken. Avian blood takes longer to coagulate than mammalian blood, and this should be reflected in the design and angle of the blood channel so that only enough water as is needed is used to help move the blood to where it is temporarily

By recycling wastewater, the total volume of fresh water used can be reduced by an average of six litres per bird per day

stored. This can result in a substantial saving of litres used per processed bird. Problem: Leaking pipes and hoses At some biosecurity stations, hand and boot washing facilities do not supply only the water needed, so once again, water is wasted. Similarly, the pipelines used for cleaning the processing plant may not be in a good state of repair and may be without adequate control valves. Soultion: Biosecurity stations should have movement sensors that control the flow of water for hand and boot washing. Perhaps it is worth considering a disinfectant gel that can be applied to the hands and arms without water. Problem: Operational factors In some processing plants, as soon as the daily shift starts, overhead conveyors, scalders, pluckers and washing equipment are all brought on-line, including the evisceration equipment. It can take up to eight minutes for birds to reach the washing areas, so bringing these operations into use immediately at the start of the daily shift will results in water wastage. An additional issue that may arise is the overfilling of scalders. When the blowers start to work and the water is agitated, spillage will occur. This can mean that more water must be added in addition to the one litre per bird that enters the scalder if birds are to be submerged to the necessary depth.In some processing plants, the overhead evisceration conveyor is started as soon as birds reach this area. The problem with this is that valves controlling the sprayers and carcass washers immediately open, which results in water wastage before the chicken arrives at the first work station where the vent is cut. | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014

At some gizzard-peeling stations, water valves are not independently controllable. As a consequence, if one workplace is in operation, all sprinkler valves that supply water to the rollers come into operation. A similar situation arises when filling the chillers with carcasses and offal, and in some plants, the initial water level is above the paddle shaft and screw. With the addition of ice, the level rises further. Poorly repaired joints can be another problem in processing plants, and small holes can be another route through which water is lost from scalders and chillers. This continual dripping can amount to several litres of water per day. Solution: Flute-type sprinklers should be used for evisceration, particularly when performing the vent cut and the removal of the viscera, heart, livers and gizzard. The water pipework system should resemble that for compressed air, with quick couples and pressure guns.

Water reuse, rainwater Proper treatment of wastewater can lead to it being reused. For example, it can be reused for cleaning floors in the bird reception area, in lavatories, for supplying boilers and cooling towers. In some processing plants, rainwater is collected, treated and stored. Depending on quality, it can also be used for processing or industrial uses. By recycling wastewater or collecting rainwater, the total volume of fresh water used can be reduced for washing equipment and the plant by an average of six litres per bird. When large volumes are processed every day, the annual savings in costs are significant and will contribute to the competitiveness of the product. n By Wattagnet


S04 FEAG 1 2014 Poultry_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:35 Page 16


Keep pigs in forest for better wellbeing and environment Leaving the animals in a thicket rather than an open space can lead to resourceefficient organic pig production RGANIC SOWS AND their piglets’ health can be improved if they are put on areas planted with trees, according to scientists in a Denmark varsity. The scientists from Aarhus University aim to take on a project that will help improve the environmental impact and pig health and welfare of organic pig production by allowing the sows with their piglets to spend more time together in forests rather than in open pastures. The biomass from the trees can be used for energy production. Organic pig farmers receive twice as much for their product as conventional farmers and exports of organic pork have contributed significantly to Danish exports of organic products, reaching US$184mn in 2012. But organic pig production is not without its challenges — in terms of impact on environment, climate and animal welfare. “In the organic systems used today, the climate impact is not significantly different from conventional production. At the same time, the existing pig houses with solid outdoor areas are often inappropriate in terms of hygiene management and are characterised by large ammonia losses,”


ADDING FLAVOURS TO creep feed may be a method to stimulate early exploratory behaviour, feed intake and performance in piglets. Study has found that butterscotch, in particular, has proven to be a hit. Research at the School of Agriculture at Newcastle University, UK, aimed at investigating the effect of increasing creep flavour diversity in two lactation housing systems. The trial was set up as creep feed intake by suckling piglets is often low. Feeding five different flavoured creeps (toffee, apricot, butterscotch, apple and red fruit) in a daily sequential order increased the hourly frequency of visits to the creep feeder on day 18 of life, and increased the piglets' feed intake over days 15-22 of lactation, and day 22 to weaning at 28 days. When controlling for day of presentation,


The trees can reduce the leaching and evaporation of some of the nutrients that the pigs leave behind in the form of manure and urine

explains section manager and leader of the project, John E. Hermansen. Post-weaning scours can also be a big problem in free-range production when the piglets are weaned from their mothers and moved indoors. The scientists, therefore, propose a new kind of organic pig farming production system where there would be even higher consideration for the environment and animal health and welfare. The new project will test the system in practice and examine the effects on animal health, welfare and productivity and on nutrient emissions and carbon storage.

butterscotch flavoured creep promoted a higher intake than red fruit creep, with other flavours intermediate. The prior experience of flavour diversity significantly increased weight gain in the first two weeks after weaning on a standardised feeding regime for both treatments.

Organic woodland pork The concept is based on integrating the production of free-range pigs with woody biomass for bioenergy. The enclosure for the outdoor pigs is more than just a simple pasture; the field will also be planted with trees for biomass production. The trees can reduce the leaching and evaporation of some of the nutrients that the pigs leave behind in the form of manure and urine. By converting the trees into energy, greenhouse gas emissions from the production can be reduced. The trees will also provide shade and activity for both sows and piglets. The pigs are weaned at a later age than usual and are finished in a new housing concept with no paved outdoor area. The piglets are thus outdoors with the sow for a longer period. The outdoor life can promote healthier and more robust pigs. Less disease and happier pigs will improve animal welfare and reduce the need for antibiotics. “The new form of production can help to make this type of competitive, responsible and resource-efficient organic pig production more popular,” says Hermansen. The 3.5-year project has been granted US$1.6mn from the Green Development and Demonstration Programme of the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries. Participants in the project include Aarhus University (project manager), Center of Development for Outdoor Livestock Production, Knowledge Centre for Agriculture, Pig Research Centre, Organic Denmark and two organic pig farmers. n


S04 FEAG 1 2014 Poultry_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:35 Page 17

Mycotoxins can be combated They are substances produced by moulds or fungi in a damp environment and cause serious health implications YCOTOXINS ARE COMMONLY found in feed. However, the toxicity of combinations of mycotoxins cannot always be predicted. Using a wide adsorption spectrum of a toxin binding product is, therefore, the key. Based on their common occurrence and effects on human and animal health, aflatoxins (AF), fumonisins (FB), deoxynivalenol (DON), ochratoxin A (OTA) and zearalenone (ZEA) are recognised as the five most important agricultural mycotoxins. Recent surveys have demonstrated the regular occurrence of low levels of multiple mycotoxins in cereals. However, the toxicity of combinations of mycotoxins cannot always be predicted based upon their individual toxicities. Worldwide surveys on the occurrence and contamination levels of mycotoxins in raw materials indicate that DON and FB are the most frequently detected mycotoxins, so it is of interest to determine their toxic effect when present simultaneously in feedstuffs.


Effects on intestinal wall integrity Following ingestion of mycotoxincontaminated feed, enterocytes may be exposed to high concentrations of toxins. Both DON and FB have a direct effect on gut health and integrity. DON damages the epithelial cells, decreasing the villi length and thus their surface, resulting in poor nutrient absorption and an increased risk of negative energetic balance and also impairs the barrier function of the intestine by two mechanisms. This results in an increased risk of transepithelial passage of both bacteria and endotoxins into the systemic system.

Transfer rate of aflatoxins The joint effect of FB and DON on gut integrity increases the absorption of other mycotoxins and toxins. At the end of 2012 and throughout 2013, much larger amounts of aflatoxins in corn were encountered than usually found in Europe. The reasons were the drought and high temperatures occurring during the harvest of 2012. The amounts observed are not affecting the health of animals but are dangerous from the point of view of milk quality and public health. Indeed aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) passes into

It is essential to screen feed before providing it to livestock, analysts said

Precise action

milk in the form of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), which is a potent carcinogen. Aflatoxins are produced mainly by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, fungi being more characteristic of tropical regions.

for big results

Good binder

The natural tool to support digestive welfare

With such variability in metabolisation rate and the low limit for AFM1 in milk in the EU, it is essential to use a good toxin binder to protect cows from absorbing these low quantities of AFB1. Aflatoxins are lipophilic and of low molecular weight, so they are assumed to be properly adsorbed by several aluminosilicates, especially of the bentonitemontmorillonite type. This type of materials shows adsorption rates of more than 90 per cent when measured in vitro. However, it is acknowledged that in vivo adsorption is lower, and with low legislated level, any quantity of free AFB1 can be absorbed and metabolised to AFM1. Using a broad spectrum toxin binder, able to properly protect against the deleterious effects of DON and FB on the intestine will allow an efficient protection against AFB1. DON and FB are mycotoxins with higher molecular weights and more difficult to adsorb by conventional detoxifying agents. Specific technologies can modify clay structure at the nano scale, increasing the interlayer space of the material and thus improving its adsorption capacity for larger molecules. This modification can be done by using natural agents such as algal polysaccharides.

Conclusion Protection is key, and becoming a more important factor in order to obtain profitable performance and good quality products from our animals. n — Olmix | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014

OLMIX welcomes you at ILDEX Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 19 - 21 March 2014 - I N N O VAT I O N T H R O U G H T H E P O W E R O F N AT U R E


S05 FEAG 1 2014 Livestock_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:36 Page 18


Global feed antioxidants market to grow at 5.07 per cent by 2016 ANALYSTS FROM RESEARCH and Markets have forecasted the Global Animal Feed Antioxidants market to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.07 percent over the period 2012-2016. According to the research firm, one of the key factors contributing to this market growth is the increasing concern about animal health and feed safety. The Global Animal Feed Antioxidants market has also been witnessing an increasing demand for natural antioxidants, Reuters quoted the research as saying. However, the impact of global warming due to livestock production is expected to pose a challenge to the growth of this market. Antioxidants are also generally termed as shelf-life extenders. Feed antioxidants protect deterioration of other feed nutrients in the feed such as fats, vitamins, pigments and flavouring agents, thus providing nutrient security to the animals. Oxidised feed can result in decreased animal health and performance; therefore it is essential to prevent feed from oxidation. It is expected that with globally increasing demand for livestock products such as meat, eggs and milk, demand for antioxidants as feed

additives will also rise. Globally, livestock producers will focus on higher usage of antioxidants in the feed to reduce loss due to feed deterioration and to save cost on feed inputs. The key vendors dominating this space include Adisseo France S.A.S., BASF SE, Danisco A/S, and Novozymes A/S. The other vendors mentioned in this report are Alltech Inc., Archer Daniels Midland Co., Biovet JSC, Cargill Inc., Chr. Hansen Inc., DSM Nutritional Products Inc., Elanco Animal Health Inc., Evonik Industries AG, InVivo NSA S.A., Kemin Industries Inc., Kyowa Hakko Kirin Co. Ltd., Novus International Inc., Nutreco N.V., Pfizer Animal Health, Phibro Animal Health Corp., Provimi Holding B.V., and Tessenderlo Group. Commenting on the report, an analyst from the team said, “With the increasing demand for naturally processed meat from consumers, the Animal Feed industry has been increasingly demanding that natural antioxidants be used in the feed. Research studies have found extracts from plants and natural compounds to be very helpful in improving the quality of meat.

“It has also been found that extracts of various herbs and spices have high antioxidant capacity. For instance, some plants from the Lamiaceae species are reported to have a high antioxidant capacity. Essential oil found in the phenolic compound content of these plants is also reported to have a high antioxidant capacity. Natural antioxidants are used in some stages of the meat production process as such antioxidants are reported to improve the shelf life of meat and improve its quality. Therefore, the increasing demand for natural antioxidants is an emerging trend that is expected to have a positive impact on the growth of the Global Animal Feed Antioxidants market.” According to the report, one of the key drivers contributing to the growth of this market is the growing concerns about animal health and safety. Factors such as the increase in the use of antibiotics in animal feed in the recent past and its consequence on meat consumers have raised concerns over the effects on human health. Owing to this reason, acceptable daily intakes of antioxidants have been established to counter the use of antibiotics.

Cows’ body condition scoring made easy with new app Dairy Australia has released a new smartphone app to help body condition score cows more effectively. Designed in consultation with dairy farmers and advisors, the Cow Body Condition Scoring Tool app is easy-to-use featuring large graphics to help dairy farmers and advisors get a standardised measure of cows’ body energy and protein reserves at critical times of lactation. Dairy Australia’s feedbase programme manager, John Evans, said the app will help farmers working with seasonal and split calving herds take greater control over their herd’s feeding. “The app has been designed to make the body condition scoring process easier so farmers can realise the benefits in their herd’s reproductive performance and milk production. “In the past farmers and advisors would have referred to photos in books such as the Condition Magician. This app uses the same simple scoring method using the graphics and the touch screen and it takes only seconds to score each cow,” he said. The app also features three scoring methods are also available to suit beginners, intermediate and advance users so anyone is able to use it, Evans said. Herd results are provided instantly after each scoring event with suggested actions to consider. A results summary including a graph can then be emailed as a permanent record. Tasmanian-based herd nutrition advisor, Pip Gale, of Vanguard Nutrition said the app will make the recording process easier for farmers and the high quality of reporting would be of great value. “The great thing about the app is that you can take it anywhere, anyone can use it and you can circulate the information on the spot,” Gale said.


The app is available for Android smartphones and iPhone

“It’s often the case that you are out in the paddock with your pen and paper and you are trying to record your BCS average by hand so the app makes the process easier that way. Sometimes you lose the piece of paper so, to have a permanent record saved on the phone for next time that you can immediately compare with, is very handy.” Farm stakeholders such as vets and farm owners could also be kept upto-date as the results summary could be emailed. As the results were also offered in graph form they were also easier to interpret, Gale said. The app is available for both Android smartphones and iPhone.


S05 FEAG 1 2014 Livestock_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:36 Page 19


China-US tie to enhance mussel conservation and pearl production MOLLUSK RESEARCHERS AT Virginia Tech in the United States and at the Freshwater Fisheries Research Centre in Wuxi, China, are collaborating to promote freshwater mussel conservation, develop productive pearlproducing Chinese mussels, and possibly introduce a US mussel to China that has the potential to produce coloured pearls. “Just like the eastern United States, China has a rich diversity of freshwater mussels, which is imperiled by humans building dams, for instance, and introducing toxins into the waterways,” said Eric Hallerman, a professor of fish and wildlife conservation in Virginia Tech’s College of Natural Resources and Environment. Both countries are working on mussel conservation, and Dan Hua, a doctoral student in fish and wildlife conservation in the college and laboratory manager of Virginia Tech’s Freshwater Mollusk Conservation Centrr, said the collaboration would benefit both. Hua has been studying with Hallerman, who is a leader in genetic improvement of aquaculture stocks, aquaculture biotechnology and related public policy, and genetics education. “Ms Hua told her Chinese colleagues that

collaboration with Virginia Tech could help,” said Hallerman, who is affiliated with the university’s Fralin Life Science Institute. “We visited Wuxi in 2011, and in 2013 dedicated a new lab there.” The 2013 trip included Hallerman, Hua, Professor Emeritus Dick Neves, and Don Hubbs, mussel programme coordinator at the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency. “We visited field sites and aquatic resources management agencies throughout the lower Yangtze River valley as far inland as the Three Gorges Dam,” said Hallerman. Hubbs also has restored mussels to Tennessee rivers and provided Hua with the pearl-producing pink heelsplitter mussel for her research, which is playing a role in the new partnership.

There have already been tangible outcomes from the new lab, called the Freshwater Fisheries Research Center-Virginia Tech Cooperative International Laboratory for Germplasm Conservation and Utilization of Freshwater Mollusks. “The North American pink heelsplitter, which produces pink- to purple-coloured pearls, is advancing as a candidate species for production of colored freshwater pearls in China,” Hallerman said. “The colored pearls would be good for the Chinese pearl industry, and producing the baby mussels in Tennessee for shipment to China would be a good cottage industry for that state.” Virginia Tech hosted visiting scientist Wen Haibo of the Freshwater Fisheries Research Centre in November to see pink heelsplitter propagation. Wen and his Virginia Tech colleagues are also studying the possibility of selective breeding of the Chinese mussel Hyriopsis cumingii, which is currently the focal species for freshwater pearl production in China. “The faster it grows, the faster it produces pearls,” said Hallerman. “Males grow faster, so we want to be able to do selective breeding for male-skewed production.

Genetic chip will help breed better salmon, says research ATLANTIC SALMON PRODUCTION could be boosted by a new technology that will help select the best fish for breeding. A chip loaded with hundreds of thousands of pieces of DNA — each holding a fragment of the salmon’s genetic code — will allow breeders to detect fish with the best genes. The development will enable salmon breeders to improve the quality of their stock and its resistance to disease, according to a research. ‘Best’ fish can be then detected by variations in the genetic code of each individual fish — known as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). These variations make it possible to identify genes that are linked to desirable physical traits, such as growth or resistance to problematic diseases, for example sea lice infestations, the research added. Salmon breeders will be able to carry out the test by taking a small sample of fin tissue. Dr Ross Houston, career track fellow at Edinburgh’s Roslin Institute, said, “Selective breeding programmes have been used to improve salmon stocks since the 1970s. This new technology will allow the best breeding fish to be selected more efficiently and accurately, particularly those with characteristics that are difficult to measure such as resistance to disease.” The chip carries over twenty times more genetic information than existing tools. Similar chips have already transformed breeding programmes for land-farmed livestock including cattle and pigs. Worldwide, approximately 1.5mn tonnes of Atlantic salmon are produced every year. | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014


S06 FEAG 1 2014 Crops_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:37 Page 20


Coconuts: Versatile crops with benefits aplenty

Coconut, like every other agricultural crop, requires and responds to good crop husbandry but this has traditionally been a difficult concept to get across to the growers

From its oil to its meat, the applications of coconut plant is unparalleled along with its ability to survive with minimum care and attention oconut has long been regarded as the tropical ‘Tree of Life’ due to an unrivalled versatility of applications including the copra or kernel (meat) for food and animal feed; palm kernel oil for cooking, the manufacture of cosmetics, detergents and pharmaceuticals; wood for construction; shells for charcoal; husk or fibre for ropes, mats and mattresses; roots for dyes and the palm fronds for roofing materials and making brooms. However, versatility in application is only part of the success story that is the coconut. First half of the success story is a correspondingly wide versatility in agronomy and production with the capacity to grow in a wide range of soil environments, in pure stands or mixed cropping systems and at a range of production levels from backyards and subsistence crops to large scale estates and plantations.


A truly tropical tree crop The coconut (Cocos nucifera) is essentially a species of the lowland humid tropics with over 90 per cent of the world’s production sourced from a zone bounded by the latitudes 20°N and 20°S. Rarely is a coconut crop planted much above 300 metres from sea level. Average temperature for optimum growth and production of coconut palm should ideally be within the range of 27°C to 32°C with a diurnal temperature variation not exceeding 7°C. Annual rainfall requirement is 1,000mm to


2,000mm depending on seasonal distribution and other relevant factors such as the depth of the water table and water retaining capacity of the soil where grown. Plenty of sunshine (ideally 2,000 hours per annum) is required although in the final analysis total solar radiation to which trees are exposed is more important than the total hours of sunshine received. Relative humidity is similarly important with levels below 60 per cent causing closure of the stomata (pores on the leaves) which restricts gaseous exchange (carbon dioxide in and water vapour and oxygen out) and therefore trees’ physiological processes and growth rate. Conversely excessively high levels of relative humidity will make coconut palms prone and susceptible to high humidity loving fungal and bacterial diseases. The coconut palm can be grown successfully in wide range of soil types from almost pure coral on atolls in the Pacific Ocean to peats and acid reaction swamps. Highest yields of coconuts are invariably obtained from trees growing in fertile alluvial and volcanic soils. Coconuts will grow quite adequately on estates that are well away from the ocean, although seashore and coastal sites appear to provide the best conditions for growth and production. These have been identified as well-drained and well-aerated soils just inland from the ocean. High rainfall supplemented with supplies of mineral rich water flowing through the soil and into sea and the relatively higher humidity and lower diurnal temperature fluctuation experienced at these sites are important factors. The high requirement of coconut for chlorine as a plant nutrient is also considered to be a key factor in the coconut palm’s preference for coastal locations. Despite the coconut’s long history of cultivation, agronomic standards have generally been poor which is due in large part to the trees’ ability to


S06 FEAG 1 2014 Crops_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:37 Page 21

Crops survive and crop at some level with a bare minimum of care and attention from growers. Coconut, like every other agricultural crop, requires and responds to good crop husbandry but this has traditionally been a difficult concept to get across to growers. For this reason coconut has been caught in a subsistence-like scenario and trap, consequently gaining the reputation of as a ‘lazy man’s’ crop and historically leading to traditionally low farm gate prices. This, in turn, has prevented the required level of investment by coconut farmers who often find themselves caught in a viscous subsistence-like spiral. Coconut cultivation in many countries is consequently characterised as a low input, low output crop system with coconut growers remaining at the bottom as some of the poorest members of the agricultural community. Coconut farmers around the world have traditionally sought to overcome these problems by growing coconuts in association with other crops or by grazing livestock beneath them. However, the overall productivity of such mixed cropping/livestock systems has been similarly inhibited by inadequate inputs and investment.

Processing for virgin coconut oil Global oilseeds markets including the relatively recent introduction of virgin coconut oil may well turn out to be the long-term salvation for this ancient crop. Virgin coconut oil is the naturally processed product of fresh coconut meat extracted directly from the copra or indirectly through the extraction from coconut milk or even coconut residue. Virgin coconut oil is a colourless (water white) liquid with a mild to intense scent of coconut. It is extremely rich in lauric acid (a fatty acid) at 47-53 per cent. Virgin coconut oil also contains tocopherol (Vitamin E) at a concentration of 5mg/kg, with a peroxidase value no higher than 1.0 and with less than 0.2 per cent of FFA (free fatty acid). Versatility also features high in the production of virgin coconut oil. The product can be produced from fresh coconut meat, coconut milk or even coconut residue. Fresh coconut meat can be processed into virgin coconut oil through either the fresh dry process/wet milling route; the fresh dry process/desiccated coconut route; the fresh dry process/grated coconut route or the low pressure oil extraction or intermediate moisture content method. Virgin coconut oil can additionally be processed from coconut milk by using the traditional wet process/modified kitchen method; the fermentation process or the centrifuge process. Last, but not the least, virgin coconut oil can be extracted from coconut residue by using the Bawalan-Masa process that was developed by the Philippines Coconut Development Authority.

and a healthy culinary (cooking) oil because of its high resistance to heat. Wider application of virgin coconut oil encompasses both the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Research trials support the use of virgin coconut oils to treat patients with compromised immune systems, heart disease and its prevention and others who have been exposed to toxic (poisonous) food additives, children exposed to pathogenic viruses and elderly persons with immune systems requiring additional support. The potential of virgin coconut oil in combatting pathogenic microbes appears particularly important. Its anti-microbial properties include antiviral, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-protozoan credentials, which have been pinned down to the medium fatty acids contained in the oil. And especially the C12 (twelve carbon molecule) lauric acid and its endogenously manufactured derivative called monoglyceride monolaurin. Virgin coconut oil and its vital constituents have featured in HIV/AIDS research conducted by Michigan State University in the USA and the Philippine Coconut Research and Development Foundation and as a possible treatment for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Virgin coconut oil is an established and acknowledged skin care product helping to keep the skin soft and smooth, to prevent and alleviate wrinkling, sagging and premature ageing and to act as a moisturiser for dry, flaky and itchy skin conditions and complaints. It has also been used for treating eczema, insect bite reactions, skin allergies and nappy (diaper) rashes in babies. Virgin coconut oil is used in the manufacture of cosmetics including skin creams and moisturisers, body lotions, shampoos and hair conditioners. n By Dr Terry Mabbett

Uses for virgin coconut oil In its pure form virgin coconut oil can be consumed directly as a mild and sweet scented food product. In this context, it provides a tasty and nutritious dressing for green salads, good complementary food seasoning

Virgin coconut oil encompasses both the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014


S06 FEAG 1 2014 Crops_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:50 Page 22


Philippines coffee industry: Brewing The Philippines is one of the few countries that produce the four varieties of coffee

The continuous economic challenges faced are slowly being overcome by growing taste among the domestic crowd in the country OFFEE HAS BECOME the favourite social beverage in the Philippines, evidenced by the numerous coffee shops sprouting all over the metropolis. The domestic demand for coffee has increased in the last five years, writes journalist Ed Limtingco in his column — C&C Views — published in the local daily The Freeman. This is not surprising, he said, as coffee has become a staple for the Filipinos, even those belonging to the lower economic classes, with 90 per cent of the total demand coming from the consumption of instant coffee. Based on the data from the Institute for Development and Econometric Analysis (IDEA), Limtingco said that the estimate of growth in 2008 showed that domestic demand is expected to increase 3.1 per cent annually. This projection was already surpassed as growth levels from 2010 to 2012 were almost 30 per cent due largely to the improving economic performance of the country, added the columnist.



Due to strong typhoons led by Haiyan, the coffee sector was among the casualties with production going down 15.8 per cent or 7,620 tonnes during the period of July to September last year from the 2012 output of 9,050 tonnes. Data from the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS) show that production of Arabica coffee went down by 4.3 per cent because of the early onset of rains that adversely affected the development of coffee berries in Maguindanao, Compostela Valley and Davao del Norte as well as the shifting of plantation to banana in Davao City. The bulk of drop in the output of Excelsea variety was also due to cyclones, which significantly reduced the number of mature coffee trees in major producing areas in the region of Mindanao. The BAS also cited similar reasons for the drop of other coffee varieties such as Liberica and Robusta. Of the total production, 62 per cent were of Robusta, 30.3 per cent were Arabica, seven per cent were Excelsea and 0.7 per cent was Liberica. The Philippines is one of the few countries that produce these four varieties. Coffee was first introduced in the country in 1740 by a Spanish Franciscan monk, according to the Philippine Coffee Board. It was first planted in Lipa, Batangas and then followed by other provinces. In 1880, the country was once the only source of coffee

beans worldwide when disease struck coffee trees of exporting nations Brazil, Africa and Java. Its glory days ended in 1889 when an infestation destroyed nearly all trees in Batangas, which reduced production by one sixth of its original production volume. Thus, only a few surviving trees were transferred to Cavite and since then, lesser areas were allotted as more farmers have already shifted to planting other crops. It was in the 1950s that instant coffee was produced with the introduction of another variety that was brought by the Americans. To date, the board says the country ranks 110th in the world, producing 30,000 tonnes of coffee a year, up from 23,000 tonnes three years ago.

Brewing concerns Despite the huge domestic market, local producers are unable to meet the demand. Per IDEA, Limtingco says the 30,000-tonne production is measly compared to the 100,000 tonnes, forcing traders to import the 70,000 tonnes from Vietnam and Indonesia, where prices are much lower compared to local coffee. The continuous decline of coffee production, which began in the 1990s, is hampering its competitiveness in the international trade. Limtingco tells that IDEA’s figures show that the industry suffered from continuous decreases in production: Total


S06 FEAG 1 2014 Crops_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:37 Page 23

Crops amount of coffee produced in 2005 was 105,602 metric tonnes, after which production decreased to 97,224 metric tonnes in 2008, 94,341 metric tonnes in 2010 and to 88,943 metric tonnes last year. Much of the decline came from lower production of the Robusta variety-production in 2005 was a 75,179 metric tonnes, which eventually declined to 70,118 metric tonnes in 2008, 67,933 metric tonnes in 2010, and 63,825 metric tonnes in 2012. Production of Arabica, Excelsa, and Liberica also declined in the same periods. On a global level, the country’s coffee production only contributes 0.012 per cent of the total coffee output, a large setback from the 1,800 production levels, writes Limtingco. IDEA says the continuous decline in production shows the lack of incentive in the coffee industry, particularly during the time when the country joined the World Trade Organization (WTO), opening its doors to a globalised commerce. The surge of coffee beans from Vietnam caused coffee prices to plunge from US$9.93 per tonne to US$3.97 per tonne. The quality of local coffee is also another reason why the industry is helpless against their foreign counterparts. In a report by Philippine Daily Inquirer, some global coffee chains have not considered Philippine coffee as a viable product. It quotes Jay Isais, US-based coffee expert of Coffee Bean and Tea Leaf, saying, “Concerns about the quality of Philippine coffee bean as well as lack of knowledge of local market” has hampered investors to source their beans from the country. “We have a dual purpose, we support the coffee farmers and the coffee farming ingredients and we also support areas and markets where we have franchise stores. But if we can do both simultaneously, it’ll be better because we’re not just promoting our Philippine stores and partners but we are supporting Philippine coffee industry as well,” added Isais. The once glorious of Philippine coffee in the global trade has been overtaken by Vietnam which is now the second largest coffee producer in the world and accounting 30 per cent of the global trade. According to Ernesto Ordoñez, former undersecretary of the department of trade and industry, Vietnam exercised political will on its agricultural development, including its coffee production where it can go toe-to-toe with global coffee powerhouse Brazil. On the other hand, Filipino coffee farmers are abandoning their plantation due to high production costs but cheaper selling prices in the market. Ordoñez cites a Canadian financial expert Pierre Yves Cote who works closely with local agricultural officials wherein he writes in his document on the state of the local coffee

In an effort to revive the industry, the country’s department of agriculture has created a roadmap, which aims to increase the competitiveness of the coffee industry and achieve local environment-friendly production

sector: “In terms of economic value, the Philippines will give Vietnam US$374,034 within five years, US$616,056 within 10 years, and US$1.65mn within 20 years. This will make the Philippines’ coffee importers rich, Vietnam people rich, but Filipino farmers will remain poor. Can we allow this to continue?” In an effort to revive the industry, the country’s department of agriculture has created a roadmap, which aims to increase the competitiveness of the coffee industry and achieve local environment-friendly production. The roadmap aims to highlight differences between typical and modern coffee growing, addressing issues on gaps in value chain, promoted good farming and management practices, and offered services such as financing, logistics and research and development. The underlying goal of the roadmap, of course, is to improve benefits to coffee farmers, processors, traders and exporters, Limtingco said. Aside from the industry roadmap, the department of trade and industry is presenting strategies to better market coffee, which is assumed to have a competitive advantage relative to other food products. Ordoñez, however, sees a problem with the roadmap. He said that there is a model that clearly promotes inclusive growth and put emphasis on upland farming that benefits the poor, many of whom are indigenous people. He recommends more production of Arabica coffee instead of the current Robusta as Arabica coffee can grow only in upland areas because of the cool climate it requires. Unfortunately, most of our coffee is Robusta, which commands a price of US$1.65 per kilogramme, a third of the Arabica price of US$4.85 per kilogramme. | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014

Ordonez added that today some integrators who sell coffee seedlings buy back these coffee beans only if they meet the integrators’ standards. The burden and task of drying and processing the beans to meet the required standards lies with the farmers. Unfortunately, most farmers lack the required equipment for this. Ordoñez is of the opinion that a roadmap recommendation is to promote coffee processing centres owned by the farmers in groups, using economies of scale. This will increase the quality and value of their produce. For inclusive growth, the former trade official said that the farmer should own the land and cultivate the crop himself where profits will also be his. But Limtingco emphasised that productivity of coffee producers will be the overall gauge of the industry. Lower productivity, in turn, he said is affected by lack of services that coffee producers need to increase and improve their yields. Much of these services, such as financial, logistics and extension services, are supposed to be addressed by the coffee industry roadmap provided by the DA. But what will make a difference for the coffee industry, however, is not just the industry roadmap but a strong implementation of its programmes. The columnist said that these programmes will determine how the industry is going to improve in the future. Considering the long history of poor agricultural reforms in the Philippines casts doubt on how well the roadmap will be implemented and a stronger commitment by the government is therefore needed to communicate support to coffee producers according to the researchers of IDEA, concludes Limtingco. n By Gemma Delmo


S06 FEAG 1 2014 Crops_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:37 Page 24


Cambodia rice variety declared world’s best CAMBODIAN RICE VARIETY PhkaRumduol, often called PhkaMalis or Cambodia Jasmine Rice by rice millers and traders, was chosen as the ‘World’s Best Rice’ during the Rice Traders World Rice Conference held in Hong Kong in November 2013. Rice samples from several countries, including Cambodia, India, Myanmar, Thailand, and the United States, were evaluated in several rounds based on raw (chalkiness, head rice, shape, and size) and cooked qualities (gloss, colour, stickiness, flavour and texture). This was not the first time PhkaRumduol was recognised as such. In a similar competition at Bali, Indonesia in 2012, the variety was also chosen as “World’s Best Rice.” It is now considered the ‘Pride of Cambodia’.

PhkaMalis is now considered the ‘Pride of Cambodia’

PhkaRumduol was developed through support from the Cambodia-IRRI-Australia Project (1988-2001) and was officially released as a variety by the Cambodian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI) in 1999, the same year CARDI was founded. With continuous efforts to disseminate the variety since then, PhkaRumduol was

Wheat breeder Cimmyt works on heat tolerance for Asia GRAIN BREEDER CIMMYT will use genetic mapping to develop heattolerant wheat for South Asia, in a project funded by the US Agency for International Development, to boost the crop’s resilience to climate change. The five-year project with a budget of US$5mn will allow crop breeders to pick the best varieties more quickly than through conventional breeding, the El Batan, Mexico-based International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre, known by its Spanish acronym Cimmyt. Climate change reduced wheat yields from 1980 to 2008, with world production of the grain during the period 5.5 per cent lower than it would have been without any change in temperatures and rainfall, US researchers wrote in a 2011 study published in the journal Science. “Incorporating genomic selection criteria into Cimmyt’s bread-wheat breeding pipe will significantly expedite wheat genetic gains,” Ravi P. Singh, head of the centre’s bread-wheat programme, was cited as saying in the statement. About 1,000 wheat varieties developed by Cimmyt in Mexico were planted in India, Pakistan and Mexico to characterise them for heat tolerance, and the genetic mapping project will select the best candidates for testing and release in South Asia, the researcher said. India is the world’s second-largest wheat grower after China, with a crop estimated at 94.9mn metric tonnes in 2012-13, equal to 14 per cent of world production, International Grains Council data show. Pakistan was Asia’s third-largest producer with a crop of 23.3mn tonnes. Wheat developed through the project will have ‘enhanced climate resilience’, and the varieties’ hot-weather tolerance and yield potential will reduce heat-induced yield losses by 20 per cent to 30 per cent, according to the researcher.


accepted as one of the ten rice varieties promoted by the Royal Government of Cambodia in late 2010. It is now widely grown in Cambodia. PhkaRumduol typically yields 3.5–5 tonne per hectare under rain-fed lowland conditions. It has a long slender grain and a nice jasmine-type aroma, is not chalky, and has low amylose content (13.8 per cent which

makes it quite sticky when cooked. The milled rice is translucent and the cooked one soft-textured, unbroken, and flavorful. Meanwhile, stringent rules to prove that rice exported from Cambodia is actually from Cambodia will soon be in place, according to a copy of a joint agreement between the Ministry of Commerce and industry associations. The Code of Conduct (COC) seeks to reassure the European Union that rice is local and not mixed with grain from Vietnam in an attempt to boost exports. “This COC is to prove that we are clean, honest and we do not cheat in our business,” said Kim Savuth, president of the Federation of Cambodian Rice Exporters, a co-signatory to the Code of Conduct.

New project aims to speed up rice breeding INTERNATIONAL RICE RESEARCH Institute (IRRI) has launched a new project that aims to make breeding programmes for irrigated rice much more efficient and thus enhance genetic gain. The new Transforming Rice Breeding Efficiency (TRB) project makes use of modern breeding tools and approaches and will focus on IRRI’s breeding ‘pipelines’ for irrigated rice. Its activities will cover South and Southeast Asia and East and Southern Africa to help secure the food and income of resource-poor farmers in these regions. Members of the TRB Project core team, led by Eero Nissila, head of IRRI’s breeding division, launched the project in a meeting attended by several colleagues at the IRRI headquarters in February 2014. Bas Bouman, director of the Global Rice Science Partnership (GRiSP), said, “The project has good funding and a very short time frame to make rapid advances.” The five-year TRB project is funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and has as its key partners the national agricultural research systems (NARS), especially in Asia.


S07 FEAG 1 2014 Equipment_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:38 Page 25


Valmont Irrigation launches winning solution for detecting low tire pressure VALMONT IRRIGATION, MANUFACTURER of the Valley brand of irrigation equipment, has launched Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS), which is also the recipient of a 2012 World Ag Expo Top-10 New Products award. It is also available in the Southeast Asian markets and a Valley Pro2 control panel is required for a grower to use TPMS. According to the company, TPMS is the first product in the precision irrigation market to monitor tire pressure on centre pivot irrigation equipment. “With the Valley Tire Pressure Monitoring System, the exact location of a flat tire can be identified at the Valley Pro2 control panel, or remotely with the Valley Base Station,” said John Rasmus, controls product manager for Valmont Irrigation. The Valley TPMS was developed in response to a need identified by the Navajo Agricultural Products Industry (NAPI) in New Mexico. With more than 10,000 tires and wheel gearboxes in its operation, NAPI needed a way to monitor for low tire pressure. “Detecting a low tire before it fails decreases downtime of the pivot during the peak irrigation season, when irrigating is critical to maximising yields,” said Anthony Valdez, NAPI irrigation manager. “The ability to identify low-pressure warnings in the tires has really helped to reduce service costs. With the TPMS, we can now preempt labour and fuel costs, as well as time, by knowing when a tire is low.” With Valley TPMS, a pressure sensor installed on each center pivot, corner, or linear tire transmits a signal reporting the tire’s pressure. Growers can view real-time pressures and receive alerts on low pressures situations. Problems can be resolved before a tire fails, reducing downtime and

preventing costly repairs to tires, rims, and wheel gearboxes. The company also said that it will launch Valley VFlex Corner in South East Asia this year after introducing the product in US last year. “The new Valley VFlex Corner has been in development since 2009 and was extensively testedat Valley and in customer fields,” said John Kastl, equipment product manager. “Its flexibility is based on suggestions from growers, and itoffers more options than any other corner on the market.” Valmont Irrigation introduced the first corner to the irrigation market in 1974. A Valley corner machine allows growers to irrigate the acres not reached by a traditional center pivot, increasing yields on land the grower already owns. The new VFlex Corner features an 8120series span and an improved steerable drive unit structure for industry-leading strength and durability. The VFlex also includes a wider track-and-roller cradle that can be easily serviced with standard hand tools. | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014


S07 FEAG 1 2014 Equipment_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:38 Page 26


John Deere offers a slew of features for 2014 JOHN DEERE HAS stepped into the new year with new additions like fixed chamber balers, new trailed mower conditioners and the heavy-duty XUV Gators. New fixed chamber balers The new line of 400 Series balers, now offers a complete solution for small and medium livestock farms, large farms and contractors. According to the company, ‘Keep the best and change the rest’ was the design principle for the new F440M fixed chamber baler, developed for small to medium size farms looking for a single multi-purpose machine. The F440M can also be ordered with the 623’s MultiCrop tailgate and net wrapping system. Along with the high performance feeding system of the 900 Series variable chamber round baler with Fast Release System, the F440M also features some of the 900 Series’ advanced technologies, including a new driveline and rotor, stronger shielding, wider and bigger tyres and other improved components. New trailed mower conditioners The 600 side-pull and 800 centre-pivot mower conditioners are set to serve a wide range of customer needs from the small and medium sized livestock farm to large livestock farms and contractors. Since smaller livestock farms are often mowing less than 100ha a year, they are primarily interested in low operating costs. Medium size farms mowing between 100 and 400ha per season, as well as large farms and contractors mowing more than 400ha a year, put a higher emphasis on uptime and performance. With this in mind, the new 630/635 and 830/835 mower conditioners have therefore been designed to meet all these requirements. Their reinforced frames, large tyres and redesigned transmissions are built to ensure long-term reliability and high performance.

The new line of 400 Series balers, now offers a complete solution

As an exclusive feature, the modular cutter bar of the 600 and 800 Series mower conditioners allows high-speed mowing in the field, and has been engineered to duplicate the load conditions of a self-propelled machine. New heavy-duty XUV Gators John Deere’s latest XUV heavy-duty crossover utility vehicle line-up features two new models, the fast and powerful XUV 825i Gator plus the four-seater XUV 855D S4 Gator. According to John Deere, the Gators have always been known for their durability, versatility and safety. The XUV 825i maintains all of these core qualities, but the extra power and speed are what set it apart in the range. The new XUV 825i is equipped with an 812cc, three-cylinder, liquid cooled, dual overhead cam petrol engine producing 37kW (50hp) and a top speed of 70km/h (44mph), plus a 26.7 litre fuel tank. The four-seater XUV 855D S4 is powered by the 16.1kW (21.9hp) liquid cooled threecylinder diesel engine featured in the current XUV 855D model. To allow for extra passengers or cargo space, the XUV 855D S4 provides a convertible rear bench that

folds down to provide a flat surface for extra storage. A spacious under seat storage compartment is also included. New Sprayers John Deere is extending its trailed sprayer range with the introduction of the new midspecification M700(i) and M900(i) models for 2014. To help reduce spraying cost per hectare, these M-Series sprayers have been specially designed to meet the requirements of farms growing up to 750ha of cereals, oilseed rape or row crops. M700 Series sprayers are available as standard versions with 2400, 3200 or 4000litre tanks, or as ‘i-specification’ machines with 3200 or 4000-litre tank capacities. The larger M900 Series sprayers have many of the same features as the R900i Series, including high capacity filling performance using the PowrFill chemical inductor, the same choice of 5200 or 6200litre tank capacities for maximum productivity, and durable steel booms from 24 to 40m. The M900 and M900i are available with a manual or semi-automatic operator station for easy and fast sprayer set-up.

LS Mtron wins deal worth US$350 million from CNH LS MTRON, A South Korea-based company specialising in machinery and components, has signed a US$350mn deal to supply tractors to CNH Industrial. The subsidiary of LS Group has revealed that it would supply 34,000 tractors to the world’s second largest farm equipment company for the North American and European markets for the next five years. The latest deal is an extension of the supply agreement LS Mtron signed with CNH Industrial in 2010. The earlier contract was for delivering tractors worth US$150mn to The tractor models that LS Mtron will supply this time are 11 types ranging markets including North America, Europe, Southeast Asia from 25 to 47hp and Australia.


The tractor models that LS Mtron will supply this time are 11 types ranging from 25 to 47hp. With the annual sales revenue of US$35bn, CNH Industrial is a giant in agricultural equipment and construction equipment, with 64 manufacturing plants and 49 R&D centres worldwide. Lee Gwang-won, LS Mtron’s vicepresident in-charge of machinery business, said, “We won supply deals worth US$1bn in one month including the US$500mn tractor contract to Uzbekistan in December in 2013.”


S07 FEAG 1 2014 Equipment_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:38 Page 27


Stone-removing tractor big on efficiency, easy on wallet AN INDIAN FARMER has developed a tractor that can pick small stones and pebbles from soil. The tractor-operated stone remover or tipper for removing the stones was created by K Viswanathan. According to Myrada (Mysore Resettlement and Development Agency) KVK, Indian agriculture is traditionally, to a large extent, rainfed and under dryland cultivation. The farming practices are heavily dependent on physical labour and the rising cost of cultivation and acute labour shortage for farming work make many farmers think of alternative practices for improving their farm productivity in a sustainable manner. In hilly regions, the fields are dotted with a number of small pebbles and stones that hinder farming activities such as land preparation and intercultural operations, the agency added. P Alagesan, programme coordinator, Myrada KVK, said, “In dryland during monsoon season, an intense sudden downpour though for a short time leads to top soil runoff resulting in soil erosion and more number of stones getting exposed in the field.” Talking about the tractor, he added that the stone remover requires 35 HP and above power. It consists of conveyor chains drive gearbox, PTO shaft and the bottom of the stone remover is connected with tines. Tippers are connected to the backside of the equipment. “While operating, the conveyor chain gets rotated at the rate of 12 – 16 rotations per minute. At the same time, the diggers loosen the soils exposing the stones which are pulled into the conveyor chain and

This machine serves the multiple purposes like stone removing, harvesting and preliminary cleaning of tubers and rhizomes

collected into a tipper,” Viswanathan said. By using this machinery a farmer can harvest 2.5 acres of field in a day and preliminary cleaning were also made in this machinery at the time of harvesting, it was estimated that 40 per cent to 50 per cent of labour time can be saved. This machine serves the multiple purposes like stone removing, harvesting and preliminary cleaning of tubers and rhizomes, the innovator added. He added that the machine is capable of picking both small and big stones, but not boulders, from a depth of 15cm to 25cm in the soil. In a day it can used to clear five acres,” says the innovator. Priced at US$2,410, the machine can remove small stones and pebbles from the field, improves the structure and texture of the soil, increases the water holding capacity of the soil, and makes the soil easy for nursery preparation and other activities.

The Asian area is rich with stones which cause damage to all kinds of harvesting and seeding machines.

The Asian area is rich with stones which cause damage to all kinds of harvesting and seeding machines. One year ago we started with our partner Crop Tech Asia and brought the first units into Thailand. The sugar cane farms fought against a big problem with stones and were very satisfied with the results during the first year. Following units are on the way to Thailand. You can directly contact our importer, Thaus Co. Ltd (Crop Tech Asia), Bangkok - Mr. Vorachai Manomuth to get an offer and find out where the machines can be watched for a demo! email:, mob: +66819123838

PEL-TUOTE OY, Seppälänsalmentie 181, FIN-58900 Rantasalmi +358-40-5688115 Jens Köllner – Export Manager | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014


S07 FEAG 1 2014 Equipment_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:38 Page 28


Petersime offers S-line solution for hatcheries MODERN BREEDS DEMAND a lot from the incubation equipment and Petersime incubators create the ideal biosphere for hatching eggs in accordance with the latest incubation methodologies. A company release states that its technologies, such as Embryo-Response Incubation, combined with powerful controllers, provide the maximum profit for life. S-line incubators The S-line is an innovative range of singlestage incubators that sets new standards in incubation. The S-line consists of two product ranges: AirStreamerPlus and BioStreamer. Both models have the same basic construction and principle of operation, but some of their features differ. The company claims that its S-line concept optimises hatchery performance by increasing chick quality and quantity. In addition, it reduces energy, maintenance and labour costs. The concept is an ideal solution for hatcheries wishing to maximise their economic return. More and better chicks The S-line provides higher chick output by assuring a bio-secured environment, higher hatch performance and high uniformity of

day-old chicks, the company said It also reduces labour cost by providing complete ease of operation. Operator fatigue is minimised and the risks of error reduced due to the ergonomics of the design, the intuitive user interface and autopilot functions. Not only labour cost, S-line also Reducer maintenance costs. The material and design for S-line ensure that the equipment is extremely easy to clean and maintain. The design of the S-line focuses on higher energy efficiency and reacts faster to changing environmental conditions. The Sline not only reduces your energy bill but

also minimises your carbon footprint. AirStreamerPlus The AirStreamerPlus is the standard model of the S-line. The company recommends this model for hatcheries which prefer interaction with the incubation parameter settings, based on the hatchery manager’s experience. BioStreamer The BioStreamer is the top-of-the-range model of the S-line. This model is suggested for hatcheries that want to achieve the highest possible number and quality of chicks in a fully automated way.

Massey Fergusson upgrades and brings MF2600 range to SE Asia MASSEY FERGUSSON HAS enhanced its MF2600 range and has just brought it into the South East Asian markets. The MF2635 and Flat Top Fenders have larger wheels throughout the complete MF2600 range. The first Flat Top Fender MF2635 arrived in Thailand in February 2014. Weighing in at 2,630kg, it’s the most capable utility tractor from Massey Fergusson. With lift capacity of 1,927kg at the hitch, it can pick up just about anything. It has an 8 x 8 shuttle and sideshift transmission, makes it easy to handle frequent directional changes by providing forward speeds and eight reverse. An ergonomic semi-flat steel deck makes driving easier. Its pendantstyle clutch pedals enables plenty of leg room for the driver. All Massey Ferguson 2600 Series are configured with three independent pumps that provide quick response with all hydraulic functions. 2600 Series loaders offers a wide array of attachments namely buckets and grapple forks, bale spears and pallet forks. Massey Ferguson also recently introduced the new 1700E Series of economy compact tractors, bringing operators an optimum blend of power, productivity and value. With three models ranging from 24. to 38.5 engine HP, the new line of economy compact tractors is designed for efficiency, matching powerful, clean-burning engines with two transmission choices and responsive, robust hydraulics. “Simple design, powerful engines and rugged construction make the 1700E Series a steadfast workhorse,” said David Bercik, Massey Ferguson


The Flat Top Fender MF2635

product marketing manager. “On the farm or at the work site, operators will find just what they need to make short work of a variety of tasks, from mowing and grading to hauling and loader work.” All models feature simple, useful open platforms, four-wheel-drive front axles and hydrostatic power steering, along with plenty of other productivityboosting features. A two-year or 2,000-hour warranty with additional five-year powertrain coverage backs up the dependable 1700E Series, which features durable steel foot decks, rear fenders, hood and transmission cover for a long service life in rugged conditions.


S07 FEAG 1 2014 Equipment_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:38 Page 29


Better machinery can lead to sustainable agriculture An FAO report explores the relation between good equipment and conservation of crops in the future ARM MACHINES HAVE revolutionised agriculture and reduced drudgery for millions of farm families and workers, but the machinery of tomorrow will have to do more than that — it will also have to contribute to agriculture that is environmentally sustainable. A new FAO book Mechanization for rural development, a review of patterns and progress from around the world, explores the inexorable rise of the use of machinery in farmers’ fields, drawing lessons for policymakers and economists from some of the big winners and also the regions lagging behind. For example, Bangladesh went from using human muscle and ox power in the early 1970s to being one of the most mechanised agricultural economies in South Asia, with 300,000 low-power two-wheel tractors, a million diesel powered irrigation pumps and widespread mechanised crop threshing. On the other hand, Africa, which has comparatively the most abundant land resources, has less than 10 per cent of mechanisation services provided by engine power. About 25 per cent of farm power is provided by draught animals and over 60 per cent by people’s muscles, mostly from women, the elderly and children. Mechanisation for rural development draws lessons from these trends, with in-depth studies of mechanisation in countries and regions in Africa, Asia, the Near East, South America and Eastern Europe, as well as chapters on themes such as development needs, manufacturing and information exchange. “The book delves into many aspects of farm mechanisation, not only how machines will contribute to an environmentally sustainable future, but also what policies will put machines at the service of family farms so that they too can profit,” said Ren Wang, assistant director-general of FAO’s agriculture and consumer protection department.


Future of agriculture The book also looks to the future, arguing that the design of agricultural machinery must evolve in parallel with the roll out of Sustainable Crop Production Intensification (SCPI). That means fewer chemicals, more efficient use of water, and more efficient use of machines. Farm machinery needs to be intelligent, lean, precise and efficient in order to minimise the impact on the soil and the landscape. Conservation agriculture is an approach that reduces or eliminates soil tillage and pesticide use. To control weeds, conserve soil moisture and avoid soil disturbance, a mulch layer of crop residue is retained on the unploughed field. Special machinery is needed to plant seeds and apply fertilizer through the mulch at the correct depth without disturbing the crop residues. These lighter machines have the added advantage of not compacting and, therefore, damaging the soil like a heavy tractor would. The use of agrochemicals for the management of insect pests, disease and weeds can have a significant impact on the environment. Besides reducing pesticide use overall through integrated pest management including biological control, when chemicals are necessary

Farm machinery needs to be intelligent, lean, precise and efficient in order to minimise the impact on the soil and the landscape, according to the book

they can be used with greater precision since it is estimated that about 50 per cent of all pesticides applied do not reach their intended target. Many technological innovations exist to improve this situation, for example, low drift nozzles and spray shields. In irrigation, technologies such as micro-sprinklers or drip irrigation that save water and consume less power are the environmentally friendly way of the future, according to the book.

Defeating poverty Mechanisation for Rural Development argues that government policies should encourage the agricultural machinery sector to develop markets for agricultural mechanisation, especially for conservation agriculture, and to establish the required infrastructures. The book’s lead editor Josef Kienzle, said, “The global agricultural machinery industry should provide more support to smallholder farmers with equipment designs and models that better suit the needs of smallholder farmers and service providers.” “Without this change in the machinery sector, the needs of developing countries for food security, poverty alleviation, economic growth and environmental protection cannot be achieved.”

China and India boost farm machinery demand Research and Markets has launched its new report titled Global Agriculture Machinery Market 2014-2018 that forecasts the global agricultural machinery market to grow at a CAGR of 7.97 per cent over the period 2013-2018. The biggest tractor markets in unit terms were India and China in 2013. Both markets increased by around 15 per cent in the past year, to 619,000 and 445,000 units respectively. Both results show new record levels for these countries, although growth rates in China slowed down compared to the enormous development over the past decade. The third country to reach a new peak in 2013 was Brazil, counting more than 65,000 tractors. One of the key factors contributing to this market growth is the increasing global population. The global agricultural machinery market has also been witnessing the arrival of new technology. However, the increasing price of raw materials could pose a challenge to the growth of this market. n | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014


S08 FEAG 1 2014 Poultry Buyer's Guide_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:43 Page 30

Poultry Buyers’ Guide

Poultry Buyers’ Guide 2 0 1 4 Section One - Listings by categories Section Two - List of suppliers Section Three - Contact details of agents in Asia


Section One All Equipment


Hatching and Incubation

Salmonella Control

Evolution Vaccination Technology Henke-Sass, Wolf GmbH Pel-Tuote Oy

Henke-Sass, Wolf GmbH Pel-Tuote Oy

Impex Barneveld b.v

Eurofeed Technologies S.p.A. Evolution Vaccination Technology

Feed Additives

Breeding Equipment

Evolution Vaccination Technology Henke-Sass, Wolf GmbH

Cages - breeder

Eurofeed Technologies S.p.A. Intraco Ltd. n.v Probiotics International Ltd. (Protexin)

Big Dutchman International GmbH

Feed Additives, Natural

Cages - broiler Cages - brooder and rearing

Eurofeed Technologies S.p.A. Olmix Probiotics International Ltd. (Protexin)

Big Dutchman International GmbH

Feed Ingredients

Cages - layer Big Dutchman International GmbH

Intraco Ltd. n.v Probiotics International Ltd. (Protexin)

Climate Systems

Feeding Systems

Evolution Vaccination Technology

Big Dutchman International GmbH

Big Dutchman International GmbH

Computer Systems Big Dutchman International GmbH

Disinfection Equipment Impex Barneveld b.v

Disinfection Products Bekina n.v Intraco Ltd. n.v

Egg Collection, Handling and Transport Big Dutchman International GmbH Lubing Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG

Evaporative Cooling Systems Big Dutchman International GmbH Lubing Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG

Health Control

Health Products

Intraco Ltd. n.v Olmix

Evolution Vaccination Technology Henke-Sass, Wolf GmbH Probiotics International Ltd. (Protexin)


Heat Control Systems

Bekina n.v Meyn Food Processing Technology b.v

Big Dutchman International GmbH Evolution Vaccination Technology

AWILA Anlagenbau GmbH Big Dutchman International GmbH Impex Barneveld b.v SKA S.r.l.


Bekina n.v

Slaughtering Equipment

Turnkey Operations


SKA S.r.l.

Big Dutchman International GmbH Intraco Ltd. n.v SKA S.r.l.

Ventilation Equipment


Evolution Vaccination Technology

Henke-Sass, Wolf GmbH Impex Barneveld b.v Lubing Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG

Veterinary - Vaccinators

Big Dutchman International GmbH

Veterinary - Sprayers

Eurofeed Technologies S.p.A. Intraco Ltd. n.v

Mould Inhibitors

Evolution Vaccination Technology Henke-Sass, Wolf GmbH Socorex Isba SA

Eurofeed Technologies S.p.A.

Veterinary Instruments

Fogging Equipment

Nests and Nesting Systems

Big Dutchman International GmbH Impex Barneveld b.v Lubing Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG

Big Dutchman International GmbH Impex Barneveld b.v SKA S.r.l.

Evolution Vaccination Technology Henke-Sass, Wolf GmbH Socorex Isba SA

Handling Equipment

Pork Processing

Evolution Vaccination Technology

Bekina n.v

Hatchery Supplies and Services

Processing - Killing and Defeathering

Feeds, Concentrates, Premixes

Bekina n.v Evolution Vaccination Technology

Watering Equipment Big Dutchman International GmbH Impex Barneveld b.v Lubing Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG SKA S.r.l.

Meyn Food Processing Technology b.v

SUPPLIERS Section Two AWILA Anlagenbau GmbH

Agents: Indonesia - PT. Flemings Taiwan - Maxivet Inc.

Bekina n.v

Big Dutchman International GmbH Dillen 1, Lastrup 49688 Germany Tel: +49 4472 8920 Fax: +49 4472 892220 Web: E-mail:

Planning, design and erection of turn-key feed mills, grain silo plants, mineral and vitamin premixing and dosing systems, pasteurising systems, biofuel processing equipment. Production of intakes conveyor-system, storage systems, mills, mixers, presses, coolers, conditioners and control systems.


Berchemstraat 124, Kluisbergen, 9690 Belgium Tel: +32 55 390020 Fax: +32 55 388619 Web: E-mail:

Bekina® develops and manufactures high-quality safety polyurethane boots for niche sectors such as food processing, industry, agricuture and leisure. Over the past 50 years Bekina® and its extensive range have been very successful. Today as one of the main market leaders Bekina® can truly call itself and xpert in the field.

PO Box 1163 Vechta 49360 Germany Tel: +49 444 78010 Fax: +49 444 7801237 Web: E-mail: Agents: Bangladesh - AFS Enterprise

China - Big Dutchman (Tianjin) Livestock Equipment Co. Ltd. India - Big Dutchman India Pvt. Ltd. Indonesia - Aneng Gunawan Lim (BD-ML) Indonesia - PT BD Agriculture Indonesia Japan - Masahiro Sumiya Japan - Nakajima Seisakusho Co. Ltd. Japan - Tohzai Sangyo Boeki Inc. Korea - Ganong International Co. Ltd. Korea - Jeong Jin Soo Korea - Samsung MS Malaysia - BD Asia Sdn Bhd Pakistan - Eastern Veterinary Services Philippines - Asia Giant Enterprises Singapore - Morgan Enterprise Taiwan - Bartholomew Lo, Siu-Man Taiwan - Global Ace Trading Co. Thailand - BD Agriculture (Thailand) Ltd. Vietnam - Big Dutchman Vietnam HCM Rep. Vietnam - P & N Agro Business Co. Ltd.


S08 FEAG 1 2014 Poultry Buyer's Guide_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:43 Page 31

Poultry Buyers’ Guide

Eurofeed Technologies S.p.A.

Via L. Einaudi, 12 Loc. Bettolino Brandico (BS) Italy Tel: +39 030 6864682 Fax: +39 030 6866560 Web: E-mail:

Eurofeed Technologies S.p.A. is an Italian company that produces and trades feed additives all over the world. We are GMP certified Eurofeed Technologies’ portfolio includes the following additives as Acidifiers, Antioxidants, Antimicrobials, Aremas, Mould Inhibitors, Mycotoxin Binders, Natural Diarrhea Preventions, Nutraceutical Feed Supplements, Pellet Binders, Trace Mineral Chelateds, Vegetable Protein Concentrate.

Impex Barneveld b.v

PO Box 20, Harslelaarseweg 129 3771 MA Barneveld, 3770 AA The Netherlands Tel: +31 342 416641 Fax: +31 342 412826 Web: E-mail:

Impex Barneveld b.v is a pioneer and specialist in drinking equipment for poultry, pigs and livestock. Impex automatic AGRILAND® drinking systems originate from the need for efficient animal breeding automation and are perfected by our technical staff with more than 45 years of experience in the coordination of automation for poultry and pig management.

Intraco Ltd. n.v

Evolution Vaccination Technology

Shirehill Industrial Estate Thaxted Road Saffron Walden CB11 3AQ United Kingdom Tel: +44 1799 523588 Fax: +44 1799 513381 Web: E-mail:

Jordaenskaai 24, Antwerp, 2000 Belgium Tel: +32 3 2269850 Fax: +32 3 2269852 Web: E-mail:

Lubing Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG

Manufacturers of ultra reliable, easy to use vaccination equipment.

Henke-Sass, Wolf GmbH

Keltenstraße 1 Tuttlingen 78532 Germany Tel: +49 7462 9466118 Fax: +49 7462 94665208 Web: E-mail:

Henke-Sass, Wolf (Tuttlingen/Germany) is a leading manufacturer with more than 90 years of experience in designing and producing veterinary syringes, needles and application systems. Everything for the poultry users from one source! Single/double automatic vaccinator for day-oil chicks: enables injection of two different vaccines with only one penetration. HSW UNI-MATIC® - 0,1 ml-1 ml; no o-ring to reduce maintenance issues; failure free valves ensure injections without interruption. HSW FINE- JECT® disposable needles-extra short sizes e.g. 18Gx1/2”, 20Gx1/4”, 22Gx3/8”. HSW ECO® needles- re-usable metal hub needles; extra short sizes e.g.19Gx1/2”, 20Gx1/2”. Wing Web Vaccinators- ideal for pox and other micro-dosage injections; enables a total dosage per vaccinator of 0.001 ml and 0.01 ml. Agents: Indonesia - Pesona Scientific Korea - Yushin Corporation Philippines - P & J Agricultural Trading Taiwan - Ennchih Co. Ltd.

Lubingstrasse 6, Barnstorf, 49406 Germany Tel: +49 5442 98790 Fax: +49 5442 987933 Web: E-mail:

LUBING, German company since 1949, is specialized in developing and manufacturing: - Complete Drinking-Systems for broilers, breeders, layers, pullets, ducks, turkeys etc. - Conveyor-Systems for save egg transportation without using transfers - Climate-Systems for cooling, humidifying and dust-controlling with the Top-Climate-Systems (high pressure fogging) or Pad-Climate-Systems (Pad cooling).

up, deboning, X-ray bone detection, portioning, production software and service contracts.

Omex Agrifluids Ltd.

Agents: Bangladesh - Axon Ltd. China - Marel Stork Food Systems China Co. Ltd. Indonesia - Marel Stork Indonesia Japan - Taiko Industry Co. Ltd. Korea - Ganong International Co. Ltd. Malaysia - Advance Farm Systems (M) Sdn Bhd Malaysia - Advance Farm Systems (M) Sdn Bhd-Marel Philippines - Marel Stork Asia Philippines - Vemaval Incorporated Singapore - Advance Farm Systems Pte Ltd. Sri Lanka - Bodum Aussenhandels GmbH Taiwan - Ever Prima Co. Ltd. Thailand - K-Plus Engineering Co. Ltd. Vietnam - Peja Vietnam

Saddlebow Road Industrial Estate King’s Lynn Norfolk PE34 3JA United Kingdom Tel: +44 1553 817500 Fax: +44 1553 817501 Web: E-mail:

Pel-Tuote Oy

Meyn Food Processing Technology b.v PO Box 16 Oostzaan 1510 AA The Netherlands Tel: +31 20 2045000 Fax: +31 20 2045001 Web: E-mail: Agents: Bangladesh - Chicks & Feeds Ltd. India - Meyn Food Processing Technology b.v India Office Indonesia - PT Euroasiatic Jaya Japan - Prifood Corporation Ltd. Gordex Co. Kazakhstan - Crown Central Asia Ltd. Korea - Millbankorea Ltd. Malaysia - Poullive Sdn Bhd Pakistan - Bio-Vet Pvt. Ltd. Singapore - Lee Guan Chuan Ltd. Vietnam - Euroasiatic Jaya P.T.


ZA du Haut du Bois Brehan 56580 France Tel: +33 2 97388103 Fax: +33 2 97388658 Web: E-mail: Agents: Vietnam - Olmix Asia Pacific

Seppalansalmentie 181 Rantasalmi 58900 Finland Tel: +358 40 5688115 Web: E-mail:

Special agricultural equipment for difficult conditions. Agents: Thailand - Thaus Co. Ltd. (Crop Tech Asia)

Plasson Ltd.

PO Box 108 105 Ha’llan Street North Industrial Zone Or-Akiva, 30600 Israel Tel: +972 73 2413001 Fax: +972 73 2413221 Web: E-mail: Agents: Japan - Tohzai Sangyo Boeki Inc. Japan - Yamamoto Corp. Malaysia - Edaran-Ispro (M) Sdn Bhd Philippines - Belmont Agricorp Philippines - First Citylink Enterprises Philippines - Jemcy Enterprises Thailand - Kasethpand Industry-KSP Equipment Co. Ltd.

Agents: China - Lubing Sysytem Engineering (Shenzhen) Co. Ltd. India - Lubing India Pvt. Ltd. Indonesia - PT. Charoen Pokphand Indonesia Japan - Hytem Co. Ltd. Malaysia - Malaysia Tong Seh Industries Supply Sdn Bhd Pakistan - Ample Trade Impex Thailand - KSP Equipment Co. Ltd. Vietnam - Dong A Material-Veterinary JSC

Marel Stork Poultry Processing PO Box 118, Boxmeer 5830 AC, The Netherlands Tel: +31 485 586111 Fax: +31 485 586222 Web: E-mail:

Marel Stork Poultry Processing is global supplier of dedicated poultry processing equipment, providing innovative inline solutions for all process stages and capacity levels. The product range includes live bird supply, stunning, killing, scalding, de-feathering, evisceration, giblet harvesting, chilling, grading, cut- | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014


S08 FEAG 1 2014 Poultry Buyer's Guide_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:43 Page 32

Poultry Buyers’ Guide Korea - Jaein Biotech Co. Ltd. Pakistan - Hilton Pharma Pvt. Ltd. Philippines - Prebiotech Health Products Phils Thailand - Novartis

Probiotics International Ltd. (Protexin)

Socorex Isba SA

Unipoint AG

Champ-Colomb 7, Ecublens/Lausanne 1024, Switzerland Tel: +41 21 6516000 Fax: +41 21 6516001 Web: E-mail:

Gewerbestrasse 2 Ossingen 8475 Switzerland Tel: +41 52 3052041 Fax: +41 52 3052042 Web: E-mail:

SKA S.r.l. Lopen Head, South Petherton, Somerset TA13 5JH, United Kingdom Tel: +44 1460 243230 Fax: +44 1460 249543 Web: E-mail: Agents: Bangladesh - Novartis (Bangladesh) Ltd. Hong Kong - MaxiPro (Asia) Ltd. India - Novartis India Ltd. Indonesia - Novindo Agritech Hutama

Via Agosta 3 Sandrigo (VI) 36066 Italy Tel: +39 0444 659700 Fax: +39 0444 659322 Web: E-mail:

Swiss manufacturer of self-refilling syringes, designed for precision serial animal injections covering all needs in poultry and other fields. Feed tube and vial models ranging 0.025 to 10ml. Twin syringes (simultaneous injection of distict liquids) ranging from 0.025 to 5ml. Socorex’s dedication to quality is an all-time tradition.

AGENTS Section Three Bangladesh AFS Enterprise House #70, Road #21, Block Dhaka, 1213 Tel: +880 2 8858404 Fax: +880 2 9858547 E-mail: wasusalam@

Axon Ltd. Apt. 18, House 541 Road - 12, Baridhara DOHS Dhaka, 1206 Tel: +880 2 8417331 Fax: +880 2 8417330 E-mail:

Chicks & Feeds Ltd. House 8, Road 14 Dhanmondi, Dhaka, 1209 Tel: +880 2 8142532/33 Fax: +880 2 8142531 Web: E-mail:

Novartis (Bangladesh) Ltd. House 50, Road 2A Dhanmondi RA, Dhaka, 1209 Tel: +880 2 8618756 Fax: +880 2 8615644 E-mail: humayun.arefin@

China Big Dutchman (Tianjin) Livestock Equipment Co. Ltd. No. 21, Yuan Shuang Road Beichen EDZ, Tianjin 300400 Tel: +86 22 26970158 Fax: +86 22 26970157 Web: E-mail: bdchina@

Lubing Sysytem Engineering (Shenzhen) Co. Ltd. Song Ming Industrial Park Gongming Town Guangming District Shenzhen City, Guangdong 518106 Tel: +86 755 27411888 Fax: +86 755 27411124 Web: E-mail:


Marel Stork Food Systems China Co. Ltd. Caiyuan Industrial Zone No. 16 Nancai Town, Shunyi District Beijing, 101300 Tel: +86 10 89472150 Fax: +86 10 89472350 E-mail: china.poultry@

Hong Kong MaxiPro (Asia) Ltd. Flat A, 2/F Chiap King Industrial Building 714 Prince Edward Road East San Po Kong, Kowloon Tel: +852 2328 8626 Fax: +852 2328 8102 E-mail:

Indonesia Aneng Gunawan Lim (BD-ML) Pergudangan Prina Center 2 Unit E. No. 9, Jakarta 11730 Tel: +62 21 29031020 Fax: +62 21 29030955 E-mail:

No. 8-2-293/82/A/666 Road No. 34, Jubilee Hills Hyderabad, 500033 Tel: +91 9701349484 E-mail: bdindia@

Lubing India Pvt. Ltd. 271/P/B, Ingawale Patil Estate Bhugaon Paud Road, Tal Mulshi Pune, Maharashtra, 411042 Tel: +91 20 2952404 Fax: +91 20 22952403 Web: E-mail:

Meyn Food Processing Technology b.v India Office C-60 Amaltas, Alstonia Estate Sigma IV, Greater Noida, 201308 Tel: +91 120 4251620 Web: E-mail:

Novartis India Ltd. Animal Health Division Royal Insurance Bldg. IV Floor 14 Jamshedji Tata Road Churchgate, Mumbai, 400020 Tel: +91 22 66156762 Fax: +91 22 66156764 E-mail: rajesh.kokje@

Prifood Corporation Ltd. Gordex Co.

Poultry Equipment Division Jl. Raya Serang Km. 30 Balaraja Tangerang 15610 Tel: +62 21 5951187 Fax: +62 21 5951013 Web: E-mail:

13 Suzukawa Isehara-City Kanagawa 25911 Tel: +81 46 3944601 Fax: +81 46 3944605 E-mail: k.okamoto_gdx@

Taiko Industry Co. Ltd.

Marel Stork Indonesia Stork House Jalan Rawa Pandan No. 19 B Tomang Raya, Jakarta 11430 Tel: +62 21 56974008 Fax: +62 21 56959071 E-mail: indonesia.poultry@

India Big Dutchman India Pvt. Ltd.

PT. Charoen Pokphand Indonesia

Novindo Agritech Hutama Duta Mas Fatmawati Blok A1/39 Jl. R.S. Fatmawati Cipete Utara - Kebayoran Baru Jakarta, 12150 Tel: +62 21 7245986 Fax: +62 21 7220373 E-mail: irawati.fari@

Pesona Scientific Komplek Kopo Mas Regency Bandung, ID-40225 Tel: +62 22 5430583 Fax: +62 22 5430314 E-mail: cvpesona@

PT BD Agriculture Indonesia Pergudangan Prima Center 2 Unit E No.9 Jl.Pool PPD Pesing Poglar RT. 010/002 Kel. Kedaung Kali Angke, Jakarta 11710 Tel: +62 21 29031020 Fax: +62 21 29030955 E-mail:

PT Euroasiatic Jaya PO Box 2775 Jakarta, 10001 Tel: +62 21 56960555 Fax: +62 21 56966132 E-mail:

PT. Flemings Palma One Building- 11th Floor Suite 1107 - JL HR Rasuna Said Kav. X2 No. 4 Kuningan, Jakarta 12950 Tel: +62 21 5228851/05 Fax: +62 21 5229931 Web: E-mail: salesind@

Japan Hytem Co. Ltd. 2-10 Techno Plaza Kakamigahara City Gifu 509-0109 Tel: +81 58 3850505 Fax: +81 58 3851230 Web: E-mail:

Masahiro Sumiya 5-18-3-1402 Minamikasai Edogawa-Ku Tokyo 1340085 Tel: +81 3 59397061 Fax: +81 3 59397061 E-mail: sumiya@

Nakajima Seisakusho Co. Ltd. Nagano City 33 Ai Shinonoi Nagano Pref. 388-8004 Tel: +81 262 921203 E-mail:

162, Morita Takuchi Okubo-cho Akashi City Hyogo 674 Tel: +81 78 9341610 Fax: +81 78 9340204 E-mail:

Tohzai Sangyo Boeki Inc. 2-Chome 17-18 Yushima Bunkyo-Ku Tokyo 113-0034 Tel: +81 3 38154491 Fax: +81 3 38154456 E-mail:

Yamamoto Corp. 66-2 Kamihina-Shi Hozu-Cho. Kyoto Tel: +81 771 251451 Fax: +81 771 251453 Web: E-mail: k-shimoo@

Kazakhstan Crown Central Asia Ltd. Astana, 47 Abai Avenue (Hotel Ramada Plaza) Offices 705-706 Astana Tel: +7 7172 390590 Fax: +7 7172 390102 Web: E-mail:


S08 FEAG 1 2014 Poultry Buyer's Guide_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:43 Page 33

Poultry Buyers’ Guide

Korea Ganong International Co. Ltd. 349-1 Cheonhyun-Dong Hanam-shi, Kyunggi-Do South Korea, 465-816 Tel: +82 23 4366790 Fax: +82 31 7926305 E-mail:

Jaein Biotech Co. Ltd. No. 617 Expotel 381 Mannyeon-Dong Seo-Gu, Daejeon-City Tel: +82 42 47219667 Fax: +82 42 4721968 Web: E-mail:

Jeong Jin Soo 486-18 Ui-Green Villa 6-202 Ssangmun-dong Dobong-ku, Seoul Tel: +82 10 52174518 E-mail:

Millbankorea Ltd. #901-1, B-Dong,Ssangyong IT Twin Tower, 442-5 Sangdaewon-Dong, Joongwo Seongnam-Si, Kyunggi-Do 462-723 Tel: +82 31 7068562 Fax: +82 31 7068564 E-mail:

Samsung MS 29-23, Bakdalro 275gil Anyang-si, Kyunggi-do 430-849 Tel: +82 31 4037291 Fax: +82 31 4037295 E-mail:

Yushin Corporation 7F, 751 Bldg. Kangnam-Ku, KR Seoul 135-010 Tel: +82 2 5682525 Fax: +82 2 5693113 E-mail:

Malaysia Advance Farm Systems (M) Sdn Bhd CT-6-19, 6th Floor Subang Square Jalan SS15/4G Subang Jaya Selangor Darul Ehsan, 47500 Tel: +60 3 56363204 Fax: +60 3 56362784 E-mail:

Advance Farm Systems (M) Sdn Bhd-Marel 46, Lorong Nagasari 11 Taman Nagasari Prai Industrial Estate Prai, Pulau Pinang, 13600 Tel: +60 4 3995157 Fax: +60 4 3909578 E-mail:

Edaran-Ispro (M) Sdn Bhd

First Citylink Enterprises

27 A Lorong 20, Sungai Patani Kedah Tel: +60 4 4292058 Fax: +60 4 4292059/ 4231779 E-mail:

299 Tandang Sora Ave Quezon City 1116 Tel: +63 2 5917046/9319477 Fax: +63 2 9319477 E-mail: first_citylink@

Malaysia Tong Seh Industries Supply Sdn Bhd

609 Brgy. San Miguel Tel: +63 917 5040095/916 6066757 Fax: +63 43 7782290/3182490 E-mail: info@

Poullive Sdn Bhd

#1 Langka Road, FTI Compl Taguig, Metro Manila Tel: +63 2 8383912 Fax: +63 2 8383913 E-mail:

Pakistan Ample Trade Impex Office 3-4, 2nd Floor Sarjah Centre, 62 - Shadman Market, Lahore Tel: +92 42 7584400 Fax: +92 42 7532102 Web: E-mail:

Bio-Vet Pvt. Ltd. 97-A Near Under Pass Jail Road Lahore, 54000 Tel: +92 42 7534508 Fax: +92 42 7534510 Web: E-mail: ahmad.waqas@

Eastern Veterinary Services Office 7, 2nd Floor Allied Commercial Plaza Chandi Chowk, Murree Rd Rawalpindi, Punjab, 46000 Tel: +92 51 4421771 Fax: +92 51 4421776 E-mail:

Hilton Pharma Pvt. Ltd. Progressive Plaza Beaumond Road, Karachi 75530 Tel: +92 21 111123000 Fax: +92 21 111124000 Web: E-mail: khalid@

Philippines Asia Giant Enterprises Unit 403, Hill Gold Tower San Juan, Metro Manila, 1500 Tel: +63 2 7236347 Fax: +63 2 7253942 E-mail: bengo@

BD Asia Sdn Bhd

Belmont Agricorp

No. 20, Lorong Keluli 1B Kawasan Perindustrian Bukit Raja, Shah Alam Selangor, 40000 Tel: +60 3 33615555 Fax: +60 3 33422866 E-mail: bdasia@

Legaspi Tower 100 Legaspi Village Makati City Tel: +63 2 8159861 Fax: +63 2 8127905 Web: E-mail: belmont@

Bartholomew Lo, Siu-Man #50, Floor 8-1 Chung Ching 1 Street Jen-Te Shiang - 717, Tainan Hsien Tel: +886 9 39375876 Fax: +886 6 2709332 E-mail:

Jemcy Enterprises

Lot 780, Block A, Jalan Sg. Putus, Off Jalan Kapar 3 3/4 Miles, Klang, Selangor 42100 Tel: +60 3 32916958 Fax: +60 3 32915198 Web: E-mail: No.1 Jalan Tago 12 Tago Industrial Park Sri Damansara, Kuala Lumpur 52200 Tel: +60 3 62755788 Fax: +60 3 62755787 Web: E-mail:


Ennchih Co. Ltd. No. 310 Chung Shan S. Rd Taoyuan Hsien Tel: +886 347 58168 Fax: +886 347 53803 E-mail:

Ever Prima Co. Ltd. Marel Stork Asia

4th Floor, No. 77, Le Shan Street, Nei Hu Chu, Taipei Tel: +886 2 26276815 Fax: +886 2 26270211 E-mail:

Global Ace Trading Co. P & J Agricultural Trading 184, St. Antonio Ave. Manila Tel: +63 2 6410053 E-mail:

11-F-1, No. 239 I Hsin, 1st Rd. Kaohsiung Tel: +886 7 3335481 Fax: +886 7 3314190 E-mail:

Prebiotech Health Products Phils

Maxivet Inc.

1216 Acacia St Alabang Business Tower Unit 801 Madrigal Business Park Ayala Alabang, Muntinlupa City Tel: +63 2 8099848 Fax: +63 2 8099848 Web: E-mail:

Vemaval Incorporated #1 Langka Road, FTI Complex Taguig, Metro Manila Tel: +63 2 8384647 Fax: +63 2 8384540 E-mail:

Singapore Advance Farm Systems Pte Ltd. No. 57, Ubi Avenue 1 #07-1 Ubi Centre, 408936 Tel: +65 67486613/17 Fax: +65 67457687 E-mail:

Lee Guan Chuan Ltd. No. 38 Lorong 1 Reality Park, 536957 Tel: +65 6 7937561/7603 Fax: +65 6 7937826 Web: E-mail: leeguanchuan@

Morgan Enterprise Bedok Centre, 914614 Tel: +65 7861218 Fax: +65 7861489 E-mail: tanchinleong2001@

Sri Lanka Bodum Aussenhandels GmbH Liaison Office #11 Suranimala Place, Colombo 6 Tel: +94 11 4510719 Fax: +94 11 2827957 E-mail: | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014

3 F~2, No 23, Sec 1 Hsin-Seng Norths Road Taipei, 10455 Tel: +886 2 25612182 Fax: +886 2 25230158 E-mail:

Thailand BD Agriculture (Thailand) Ltd. Block F7 & F8 41/76 - 77 Moo 6 Bangna Trad Rd. Km 16.5 Bangchal Bangplee, Samutprakarn 10540 Tel: +66 2 3496531 Fax: +66 2 3496535 Web: E-mail:

Kasethpand Industry-KSP Equipment Co. Ltd. 100 Mu 3 Soi Suksawad 76 Bangjak, Prapadang Samutprakam, 10130 Tel: +66 2 8176410 Fax: +66 2 8176439 Web: E-mail: vorowut@

K-Plus Engineering Co. Ltd. 299/132 Areeya Mandarina Sutthisarn Winijchai Road Samsennok Huaykwang Bangkok, 10310 Tel: +66 2 3188458 Fax: +66 2 7196092 E-mail:

KSP Equipment Co. Ltd. 51/845 Moo 3 Tumbon Lamsai Amphoe Wang Noi Pranakhonsi Ayuttaya, 13170 Tel: +662 81 76410 Fax: +662 81 76439 Web: E-mail:

Novartis 622 Emporium Tower 14th/1-5, 15th/1-8 FI Sukhumvit Road Kwaeng Klongton Khet Klongtoey Bangkok, 10110 Tel: +66 2 6850999 Fax: +66 2 6850909 E-mail: prapued.aksornphan@

Thaus Co. Ltd. (Crop Tech Asia) 305 M.4 Soi Khun Vivian Chang Wattana Road Thung Song Hong Laksi, Bangkok 10210 Tel: +66 81 9123838 Fax: +66 2 5737904 E-mail: vorachaim@

Vietnam Big Dutchman Vietnam HCM Rep. Office of BD Agriculture (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd Unit 203 2nd Floor, 91 Pasteur St. Ben Nghe Ward, Dis.1 Tel: +84 8 39390948 Fax: +84 8 39390951 E-mail: bdvietnam@

Dong A Material-Veterinary JSC 62, Ho Tung Mau Caudien Tuliem Hanoi Tel: +84 4 37632583 Fax: +84 4 37632602 Web: E-mail:

Euroasiatic Jaya P.T. 413/15 Nguyen Kiem Street Phu Nhuan District Ho Chi Minh City Tel: +84 8 454288 Fax: +84 8 454278 E-mail:

Olmix Asia Pacific 136 Hoa Lan Street Ward 2, Phu Nhuan District Ho Chi Minh City Tel: +84 8 35172098 Fax: +84 8 35172163 Web: E-mail:

P & N Agro Business Co. Ltd. 798 Truong Sa Str. Ward 14, Dist. 3 Ho Chi Minh City Tel: +84 88 465765 Fax: +84 89 350687 E-mail: pcvan@

Peja Vietnam Unit 806, Me Linh Point Tower 2 Ngo Duc Ke Street 8th Floor 1st District Ho Chi Minh City Tel: +84 8 8293503 Fax: +84 8 8251021 E-mail:


S09 FEAG 1 2014 Moreover_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:44 Page 34


Mycotoxins and Ammonium are responsible for severe economical losses in livestock industry


Klinosan® Switzerland For details of advertising in the classified section please contact:


Serving the world of business LONDON OFFICE: University House, 11-13 Lower Grosvenor Place, London SW1W 0EX, UK Tel: +44 (0) 20 7834 7676 Fax: +44 (0) 20 7973 0076 E-mail: Web:

# Reader Information Service

Subscription form I wish to subscribe to Far Eastern Agriculture for 1 year (6 issues) starting with the next copy.

Issue 1 2014

Surface Rates:

This is a free service, readers who wish to receive urgently further information about any product or company featured in the magazine, please complete this form and fax to: Far Eastern Agriculture on +44 (0) 20 7973 0076 or e-mail to: or post to: Far Eastern Agriculture, University House, 11-13 Lower Grosvenor Place, London, SW1W 0EX, United Kingdom. Name of product and/or company

Page No.

1 year: £57 US$111 2 years: £97 US$189 3 years: £129 US$251

Euro e93 Euro e158 Euro e210

Enclosed is my cheque/draft for ............................................................................................................................................ (Cheques made payable to Alain Charles Publishing Ltd)

Please invoice Please charge to Visa/American Express/Mastercard (please circle) Card number

 Expiry Date  /

(please note we debit your account in sterling)

Name Position Organization Address

...................................................................................... .............................................................................................

.................................................................................. .............................................................................................

........................................................................ .............................................................................................

................................................................................. .............................................................................................


E-mail Signed

Name: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Job title:





.................................................................................... .............................................................................................




Send this form together with your remittance to: Far Eastern Agriculture, University House, 11-13 Lower Grosvenor Place, London, SW1W 0EX, UK. Tel: +44 (0) 20 7834 7676 Fax: +44 (0) 20 7973 0076 Subscription order can also be made via the Internet: or email at


Address: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .............................................................................................................. ..............................................................................................................

Please TICK most relevant box 01 Government: municipal services, diplomatic,

(UN, International Agencies) 03 Educational/Research Institutes 06 Commercial Services: banking, finance, insurance





Your organization’s product/service: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..............................................................................................................

08 Import/Export Agents and Distributors 09 Farms and Plantations 11 Food Processing: poultry, dairy, cereal, fruit, vegetables, etc 12 Aid Organizations

Number of employees in your organization:


13 Agricultural Equipment and Material Manufacturers: irri-

gation, agro-chemicals

Signature: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Date:



16 Others: please specify:

4. Type of produce 01 Rice

11 Feedstuffs

02 Grain

12 Groundnuts

03 Fruit

13 Vegetables

04 Cocoa

14 Cassava

05 Coffee

15 Dairy Cattle

06 Cotton

16 Beef Cattle

07 Rubber

17 Sheep/Goats

08 Palm Oil

18 Pigs

09 Palm Kernels

19 Poultry

10 Sugar Cane

20 Fisheries


S09 FEAG 1 2014 Moreover_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:51 Page 35


A united front to conserve farms and fight loss of crops Greater collaboration and genebanks are some of the ways to fight diseases and save agriculture lands for future generations N MALAYSIA AND Bolivia, crops are increasingly affected by disasters like drought, water logging and unpredictable weather patterns. To cope, farmers plant an array of traditional crops and varieties to spread the risk of crop loss, whether from pests, diseases or the weather. However for these farmers, agrobiodiversity is not just a way to insure against crop losses; it’s an important source of cultural pride and value. However, with the growing impact of climate change, traditional varieties and land management practices may no longer suffice. Farmers also need access to varieties that can resist new threats and boost resilience in their farming systems. Hence, the Platform for Agrobiodiversity Research (PAR) has been working in the Bolivian Andes and in Sarawak, Malaysia, to improve the supply, exchange and conservation of traditional and improved planting material by building greater collaboration between communities and local genebanks. The aim is to support farmers’ agrobiodiversity resources, knowledge and management practices in order to find solutions that are appropriate, affordable and sustainable.


Participation and equity With support from The Christensen Fund, a US-based organisation which focuses on biocultural diversity, the project began by building a formal alliance between farmers and

genebanks through a free prior and informed consent (FPIC) agreement developed with each community. Each agreement outlined clear working arrangements for the gathering and distribution of genetic material (seed), along with rights and protections regarding the use or sharing of traditional knowledge, practices and innovations. The agreements led to relationship-building and greater equity among farmers, genebank researchers, seed producers and other scientists, spurring information sharing and innovation. Farmers identified the crop traits they needed to cope with shifting climate trends. They also shared information about the traditional varieties maintained on their farms and methods they employed to adapt to changing climate pressures. Community surveys, seed fairs and participatory varietal selection led to a greater awareness of the wealth of plants and strategies maintained by farmers.

Conserving diversity In Bolivia, an important aspect of the initiative was to strengthen relations between potato farmers and seed producers. Warming temperatures had caused seed producers to move their plots to higher, colder altitudes to evade encroaching pests and disease, creating a greater physical distance from farmers and contributing to a decline in trust. By increasing contact and communication among farmers, seed producers and genebank researchers, the project was able to restore trust and build a more robust seed system. The genebank provided improved planting material to seed producers, boosting the availability of quality, resistant and high-yielding potato seed. It also supported the exchange of improved and traditional varieties of native potatoes. | FAR EASTERN AGRICULTURE Issue One 2014

In the Sarawak communities, seed exchange is practised only through family lineages or for special occasions, such as weddings. Community-scale collaboration is not acceptable, as villagers do not want to be compared with one another. Farmers proposed alternative solutions including varietal selection at household — rather than community — level. They also recommended that the formal genebank could provide a ‘hotel service’ for their traditional rice varieties, allowing farmers to preserve their planting material without having to engage in seed exchange. On seeing how their seeds were stored in the airconditioned facilities, farmers in Sarawak expressed that while they had no money in the bank, it was a consolation to know that they owned something “even more precious than money in the genebank.” In both countries, scientists realised that they needed to change the way they viewed seed exchange. In these communities, it is not merely a means for geneflow within the farming system, but also a type of intellectual property right to be protected. But improving access to agrobiodiversity remains a major challenge. Farmers’ needs must be fully included in research and development designs or innovation will not be adopted. Safe spaces where community members can express themselves are required if effective and efficient interaction between formal and informal knowledge and seed systems is to take place. Paul Bordoni, assistant scientist with Platform for Agrobiodiversity Research, said, “This way of operating allows trust-building and reciprocity; partnerships can only function when everyone is on an equal footing. Agreeing on the work to be carried out through an FPIC is a stepping stone towards a more respectful way of operating.” n


S09 FEAG 1 2014 Moreover_Layout 1 21/02/2014 11:44 Page 36

nal !

i The Orig

Drinking-Systems With a LUBING Drinking-System you are always on the safe side. Completely equipped with innovative technical details LUBING‘s DrinkingSystems asure a reliable water supply for cages as well as for floor management.

Conveyor-Systems The worldwide leading position of LUBING Conveyor-Systems is based on the high level of safety and the individual adaptability of all sytems. • Rod Conveyor – for long straight distances • Curve Conveyor – for curves and turns • Steep Conveyor »Climber« – for steep climbs up to 60°

Top-Climate-Systems The LUBING Top-Climate-System is a highly effective cooling system. Special high-pressure nozzles (70 bar/1000 psi) spray a fine fog of evaporated water into the house. Humidity rises, the temperature falls. The floor stays dry. The animals feel better.



Maschinenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG 49406 Barnstorf (Germany)







Ample Trade Impex

KSP Equipment Co. Ltd.

Jl. Raya Serang Km. 30 Balaraja 15610 Tangerang Tel.: +62 215951187 Fax: +62 215951013

Sarjah Centre 62-Shadman Market Lahore Tel.: +92 427584400 Fax: +92 427532102

Suksawad Road 10130 Prapadaeng Samutprakarn Tel.: +662 8176410 Fax: +662 8176439

271/P/B, Ingawale Patil Estate Bhugaon, Pune Maharastra (India) Tel.: +49 (0) 54 42 - 98 79-0 Tel.: +91 20-229524-04 / -05 Fax: +49 (0) 54 42 - 98 79-33 Fax: +91 0-98909 96030 ·

Far Eastern Agriculture issue 1 2014  
Far Eastern Agriculture issue 1 2014