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Interim Portfolio The Bartlett UCL Akmal Afandi Azhar Unit 22

Izaskun Chinchilla & Carlos Jimenez


Unit Brief


Chocolate Dwellling

Chimney Dwellling Exercise 1 Three Dwellings Akmal Afandi Azhar Unit 22

Tree Dwellling


Distribution of sites

Chimney Dwellling Chocolate Dwellling Tree Dwellling

Peninsular

Borneo

Malaysia


Chocolate Dwelling Intimate respective monuments as a reminiscence to the traditional culture and heritage Reincarnating the Abandon Architecture of Vernacular Malay House in Peninsular Malaysia


Site

Personal experience

Site Plan

Kuala Lumpur City Centre Park

Grandmother’s house

1

2

3

4

House survived during flood 2011


Climatic Design of Malay House Reproduce using my models


Traditional Malay House Context


Section Through Traditional Malay House


Reproduce using sketches

Traditional wood carving ornaments


Mobility

Construction

Vulgarisation of Traditional Malay House

Contemporary application


Contruction Sequence

Skeletal structure

Roof orientation

Raised on stilts

Platform heig ht

External cladding

Skin materiality


Elevations

South facade

North facade

West facade

East facade


Floor plan

Typical floor layout and life in traditional Malay house

Roof plan


Gender dominance

Male domain

Living area

Kitchen area

Female domain


Individual Module, Programs, Users & Activites 2

Transitional area

Changing

3

Cooking

2

2

1

Dining

1

Washing

1

Praying

3

1

Chit-chatting/ Gossi ping

Reception

Meeting

1

Adult sleeping


Materials catalogue

Fabric

Weaved palm leaves

Stones

Timber louvres

Carved timber

Cement bricks

Timber plank

Bamboo stri ps

Palm thatch

Clay shingles


Transgender materials


User Experiences

Washing area linked to the chicken coop

Cooking

Dining

Washing


Sections L-shaped

Longitudinal

Traversal


User Experiences

Male domain

Reception

Praying

Adult sleeping

Children sleeping/ Meeting

Transitional area

Changing


User Experiences

Female domain

Chit-chatting/ Gossi pping

Washing

Dining

Cooking


Detailings

To construct one particular module according to vernacular methodology and scale 1:20


References of Vernacular Methodology


Enlarging the scale

1:50

1:20


Ornaments


Levels

Roof structure

Roof level

Finishes

Floor level

Primary frame

Floor level

Foundation

Ground level


Components Catalogue STRUCTURAL MEMBERS

FINISHES

FINISHES

Footings

Palm leaves weaving

Palm leaves weaving

Floor beams

Floor boards

Floor boards

Floor joists

Main columns


Male & Female Section

Clay shingles

Thatch roof

Wood carving panel

Weaving wall panel

Timber panel

Bamboo stri ps

Living area

Kitchen area


King post + Roof ridge

Roof truss + Roof ridge

Roof rafters + Roof truss

Roof ridge + King post

Roof gable + Coolumn

Rof rafters + Roof gable

Connection & Jointings Column + Roof beam

Floor boards + Floor joists

Floor beams + Column

Weaving panel + Column

Column + Footings

Floor beams + Floor joists


Story Boards 00:03.25

Foundation

00:14.25

Footing 1

00:38.50

Footing 3

Footing 2

00:54.25

Footing 4

01:03.50

Column 1

01:24.25

01:11.50

Column 2

00:27.50

Column 3

01:34.50

Column 4


01:35 .50

Floor beam 1 & 2

01:36.25

Floor joists

01:38.00

Roof beam 1 & 2

Floor boards

01:39.00

Roof ties

01:40.00

Roof ridge

01:37.50

01:39.50

King post 1 & 2

01:40.50

Roof trusses

01:42.50

Roof joists


Stop Motion Animation

Stop motion video

QR Code


Chimney Dwelling Floating piers for cultural and education exchange between the locals and tourists Towards Improving the Life of the Outcast Bajau Laut Tribe in Semporna, Sabah, Malaysia


Site

Reference to the Local Culture

Traditional Boat/Lepa (Annual Regatta Lepa Festival)

Semporna,Sabah, Malaysia

Schedule

The shore


Users

The little girl on the rig ht, at the back told me how she want going to go to school when she grew up. I asked her casually, not thinking about it: How old are you? And she looked at me with a funny, quizzical expression, as thoug h I had asked the dumbest question in the world. I don’t know my age. Most of us don’t know our age.” Then she asked if I was Malaysian. I said: Yes I am. I am from KL. Then I asked her: Rina,where are you from? And she replied: I am from the sea.

[http://thefragile.tumblr.com]


Constructing the festival boat according to manual

Side view

Front view

Plan view

Rig ht view

Left view

Plan view


Deconstructing the boat


1.

2.

4.

3.

5. 6.

7. Organize according to elements and functions


Configuration 1


Configuration 2


Configuration 3


Configuration 4

Configuration 4.1

Configuration 4.2


Selected Configuration Rigid Platform

Swaying Platform 1.

1.

2.

3.

3.

Teacher’s/Tourist’s shelter

4. Fishing platform

2.

Type of Floating Platform 4. Teaching area Seating area of the classroom


Swaying Platform 1.

2.

3.

1.

2.

Swaying Motion Individual buoy for each wood plank

3.


Buoyancy Experiments

Teaching area

Teacher’s/Tourist shelter 1. Find the volume,in cubic feet,of the object whose buoyancy you wish to calculate. An easy way to find volume is to simply submerge the object in a tank of liquid (water will do) with a known surface area and measure how much hig her the liquid rises. Multi ply the change of depth in feet by the surface area of the water in square feet. The result will be the volume of the object in cubic feet. 2. Determine the density of the fluid you wish to use in calculating the object’s buoyancy. Water’s density is approximately 62 pounds per cubic foot, depending on temperature,while air at sea level is about 0.075 pounds per cubic foot. You can easily look up the densities of other fluids in reference books or online. 3. Multi ply the volume of the object by the density of the fluid. The result will be the mass of fluid displaced,and the weig ht of that fluid is the buoyancy of the object. If that force is less than the weig ht of the object itself,the object will sink; if the force is greater,the object will rise until enoug h of it pokes throug h the top of the fluid that it displaces exactly its own weig ht.

Fishing platform

Seating area of the classroom

http://www.ehow.com/how_2101130_calculate-buoyancy.html#ixzz2CNl8HKvP


Tree Dwelling for the ‘People of the Forest’ Suspended kinetic crib to nurture conserved living environment Sanctuary for Orphaned Baby Bornean Orang Utan in Sarawak, Malaysia


End-users

Site

• Native to Indonesia and Malaysia,orangutans are currently found in only the rainforests of Borneo and Sumatra. • Two species: the Bornean orangutan (P. pygmaeus) and the Sumatran orangutan (P. abelii). Both orangutan species are considered to be endangered with the Sumatran orangutan being Critically Endangered. • Human activities have caused severe decline in the populations and ranges of both species. Threats to wild orangutan populations include poaching,habitat destruction and the illegal pet trade.

Distribution of Orang Utan in Borneo

• Orangutans have an extraordinarily long period of infant dependency,with infants spending between 5- 9 years learning every aspect of orangutan life from their mothers. Deprived of this, ex-captive orangutans seem to pick up atypical, or unusual,behavior from watching humans,and this contributes to the level of imitative behaviors displayed. • Ex-captive orangutans at most sites also receive supplemental feeding,and freed from the endless quest to find food,which underpins almost all aspects of wild orangutan behavioral ecology,ex-captive orangutans have the time to experiment and innovate in different ways. [Galdikas 1982; Russon et al,2009]

Borneo,the third largest island in the world,divided between Indonesia,Malaysia and Brunei, was once covered with dense rainforests,but along with its tropical lowland and hig hland forests,there has been extensive deforestation in the past sixty years. In the 1980s and 1990s the forests of Borneo underwent a dramatic transition. They were levelled at a rate unparalleled in human history,burned,logged and cleared,and commonly replaced with agricultural land,or palm oil plantations. Half of the annual global tropical timber acquisition currently comes from Borneo. Furthermore,palm oil plantations are rapidly encroaching on the last remnants of primary rainforest. Much of the forest clearance is illegal.


Study of Orang Utan Natural Habitat

Intelligence More recent studies at Suaq Balimbing in Sumatra have found evidence of orangutans using tools to extract honey,ants or termites from tree holes,mani pulation of vines to swing across gaps in the canopy and using leaves to fashion gloves to handle prickly fruits (Russon et al,2009). Further similar levels of innovative feeding techniques have been observed at the Tuanan site in Borneo (van Schaik et al,2003). In comparison to the relative rarity of tool use observed in wild populations,such activities are common in rehabilitant,ex-captive and semi-wild orangutans. At Tanjung Puting in Borneo,semi wild ex-captive orangutans were observed using sticks to dig holes,jab at other orangutans,stir liquids,rake objects from fires,prying loose objects and as an arm extender to reach far away objects (Russon et al,2009; Russon,2004). Sticks and branches seem to be an important part of ex-captive innovation,with similar activities at other rehabilitation sites having been observed. At Ketambe in Sumatra orangutans were observed using sticks to open fruit,disturb ant nests,probe rat burrows and poke other animals in cages (Russon et al,2009),and at a rehabilitation centre in Ketapang,West Borneo,a female adult orangutan was observed using a stick to try and pry open the lock on her cage. Human made objects available are often used,and orangutans raised in their vicinity have proved to be expert imitators,with orangutans at Tanjung Puting being observed putting together make-shift clothes out of leaves and rags,putting rice on to ‘plates’ of bark,trying to put mosquito nets over nig ht nests,breaking in to buildings and commandeering dug- out canoes (Galdikas 1982 & 1995). Orang Utan’s Nest Orangutans build nests specialized for both day or nig ht use. These are carefully constructed; young orangutans learn from observing their mother’s nest-building behaviour. In fact, nest-building is a leading cause in young orangutans leaving their mother for the first time. From six months of age onwards,orangutans practice nest-building and gain proficiency by the time they are three years old. Orangutans build elaborate nests which have pillows,“blankets,“bunk-beds and“roofs. Construction of a nig ht nest is done by following a sequence of steps. Initially a suitable tree is located,orangutans being selective about sites even thoug h many tree species are utilised. The foundation is then built by pulling together branches under them and joining them at a point. After the foundation has been built,the orangutan bends smaller,leafy branches onto the foundation; this serves the purpose of and is termed as the“mattress”. After this, orangutans stand and braid the ti ps of branches into the mattress. doing this increases the stability of the nest and forms the final act of nest-building. In addition, orangutans may add additional features such as pillows,“blankets,roofs”and“bunk-beds”to their nest.


Tragic Cases

The story of the Lonely Mely’ Daily Mail, 28 March 2012 Mely was snatched from her mother 16 years ago,shackled in chains,tethered on to a tiny verandah as a pet. She had endured seeing her mother shot and her carcass left to rot by a fisherman who wanted to keep her as a trophy pet. Traumatised and alone,the special bonding that creatures like her need was denied her. Instead she was an outcast,fed on raw noodles and chilli powder which left her undernourished and unhealthy. In the wild a diet rich in fruit and fibres would have grown limbs that would have propelled her Tarzan-like throug h the canopy of rainforest trees that form her natural habitat. As it was her arms and legs could barely support her when IAR officials were greenlig hted by the Indonesian government to rescue her in 2009.

Orangutan Tragedy in Indonesia BBC,6 September 2012 IAR’s team rescued a large male orangutan that was burnt after local villagers tried to chase it out of a tree by setting it on fire. The police,forestry department and a great many other people became involved as a result of a video broadcast on Metrotv and BBC News which showed the orangutan’s hair catching fire as he clung to the burning tree. The large male orangutan entered the farmland and plantations of some villagers in Wajok Hilir,near Pontianak. They did not want to harm him but were apparently at a loss to know what to do to frig hten him away. They thoug ht that by setting fire to the tree they could scare him away but tragically the orangutan had no means of escape and himself caug ht fire. The villagers called the BKSDA (forestry department) who called International Animal Rescue. The team immediately jumped into action. When they eventually managed to dart and sedate the orangutan,he was found to be in a fairly critical condition and severely dehydrated,althoug h the burn wounds were only first degree and all superficial. The condition of the orangutan was monitored by IAR vet Dr Siffa. He was evaluated and it was decided that he needed to be moved to IAR’s orangutan rescue clinic in Ketapang,a centre which our volunteers have played a major role in constructing. Tragically,the orangutan died on his way to the clinic. Althoug h much blame is being attached to the villagers for their misguided actions,yet again, the real culprit in this story is the palm oil industry which is destroying the forest and leaving no food or shelter for orangutans and other wildlife and creating conflict as people and animals compete for food.”

Sketches of Mely new house


Responsibility to the volunteer group Green Hopes Eco Warrior

https://www.facebook.com/groups/147081364962/

Publications & Activities

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Earlier Development Human eye view

Modular arrangement

Top view


Materials from Natural Habitat

Local Crafts

Rattan vines

Weaving basket


Kinetic Mechanism Study To explore the kinetic mechanism of the structure to offer view for tourist while simultaneously protect the baby orang utan from hostile environment

Structure expand

Structure contract


Stretchable Fabric -Crochet Single Crochet

1.

2.

1. Cotton string 2. Pencil

3.


Stretchable Fabric -Crochet Multiple Single Crochet

1.

2.

1. Yarn 2. Crochet needle

3.


Three Dwellings Portfolio