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agri Vol 46 • No 4

AUG • SEPTEMBER ‘17

Highly Commended

FOKUS • FOCUS • Voer en voeraanvullings, saad • Feed and feed additives, seed


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agri Inhoud/Contents

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Inhoud Contents

Sinvolle aanpassings

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m by veranderende omstandighede aan te pas ten einde te oorleef en te groei, is nie ’n nuwe begrip nie. Die landbou het oor meer as ’n eeu van verskeie verhoë af daaroor gepraat. Die stigting van koöperasies aan die begin van die twintigste eeu – toe die landbouomgewing dit genoodsaak het – was ’n sprekende voorbeeld van tydige aanpassing. Aan die einde van die twintigste eeu was dit egter duidelik dat dié ondernemingsvorm nie langer die geskikste was nie en ’n groot kopskuif moes gemaak word. Die praters het daarna grootliks verdwyn, terwyl die doeners in voortreflike landbougroepe omgeskakel is. Agri SA streef daarna om ’n doener en nie bloot ’n prater te wees nie. In dié uitgawe van Agri verskyn verskeie artikels om dit te bevestig en dié organisasie se belangrike rol opnuut uit te lig. Die veeleisende omgewing waarin die land se boere ’n volk teen die billikste pryse moontlik moet voed, is in die onlangse dekades aansienlik deur politieke en ander eise en omstandighede bemoeilik. Daarom is Agri SA deurlopend besig om sinvol aan te pas om kritieke beleidsareas so doeltreffend moontlik te kan hanteer. Derick van der Walt

3 Redaksioneel 5 Boekresensies/Book Reviews 7 Stille waters 8 Standpunt/Viewpoint 12 Brokkies/Snippets

NUUS/NEWS

11

Radikalisme het nie plek in Suid-Afrika nie Agri Wes-Kaap vereer landboupresteerders Oos-Kaap kyk na aanpassings by uitdagings Adrie dra twee gesogte toekennings weg More Agri SA expertise… Nasionale minimumloon: Wie, waar, hoekom en hoe? Partnership with The WesBank Fund will improve communal livelihoods Land expropriation without compensation Loop katvoet waar dié honde betrokke is Addressing land redistribution through the One Household One Hectare policy

17 23 25 27 29 33 61 64 66

81 87 91 95

Vergoeding: Wat is regverdig en billik in die konteks van grondhervorming? Valuer-general holds four workshops with Agri SA on valuation regulations for land reform purposes Agri SA se korporatiewe lidmaatskap groei fluks The 2017 SACAU Young Agripreneurs Forum

FOKUS/FOCUS 36 Voer en voeraanvullings, saad/ Feed and feed additives, seed GEREELD/REGULAR 101 Water 103 Fauna 104 Bewaring/Conservation 111 Wyn/Wine 113 Uit ‘n ander hoek Highly Commended

agri Vol 46 • No 4

AUG • SEPTEMBER ‘17

Redaksioneel Editorial

95

Voorblad geborg deur/ Cover sponsored by Nedbank Financial Planning Bladsye/Pages 10 & 11

FOKUS • FOCUS • Voer en voeraanvullings, saad Feed and feed additives, seed

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agri Agri (waarby ingelyf Die Boer/The Farmer), word vyf keer per jaar versprei aan lede van Agri SA en ander intekenare. Agri (under which Die Boer/The Farmer is incorporated) is distributed five times a year to Agri SA members and subscribers. Redaksionele komitee/ Editorial committee Omri van Zyl, Christo van der Rheede, Annelize Crosby, Derick van der Walt, Kobus Visser, Jahni de Villiers, Annemi Mennen, Yolisa Mfaise, Hamlet Hlomendlini & Livhuwani Ngwekhulu Personeel/Staff Uitvoerende redakteur/Executive editor: Derick van der Walt 082 770 5111 derick@greenpepper.biz Advertensiebestuurder/ Advertising manager Mabel Schmahl 082 563 4427 or (012) 997 3407/12 Mabel@agrisa.co.za Senior sales executive Riaan Schmahl 074 170 6403 riaan@mesconsultants.co.za Kantooradministrateur en intekenare/ Office administrator and subscribers Thea Liebenberg Medewerkers/Contributors Dr Gerhard Verdoorn, Cassie du Plessis, Dr Gerhard Backeberg & Lehman Lindeque Uitleg/Layout Fréda van Wyk Adres/Address Agri, Privaatsak/Private Bag X180, Centurion, 0046 Blok/Block A, Inkwazi Gebou/Building, Embankmentstraat/Street, Zwartkop, Uitbreiding/Extension 7 Tel: (012) 643 3400 Faks/Fax: (012) 663 3178 E-pos/Email: derick@greenpepper.biz Reproduksie en drukwerk/ Reproduction and printing Business Print Centre: (012) 843 7600 Agri SA aanvaar geen verantwoordelikheid vir aansprake wat in advertensies ge­maak word nie en die menings en aan­bevelings van individue of enige ander liggaam of organisasie wat in artikels in Agri verskyn nie. Kopiereg word voorbehou en inhoud mag slegs met die toestemming van die direkteur: Korporatiewe Skakeling gereproduseer word./ Agri SA accepts no responsibility for claims made in advertisements or for opinions and recommendations expressed by individuals or any other body or organisation in articles published in Agri. Copyright is reserved and the content may only be reproduced with the consent of the Director: Corporate Services.

Indien u op Agri wil inteken, skakel/ If you wish to subscribe to Agri contact Thea Liebenberg Tel: (012) 643 3400 Faks/Fax: (012) 663 3178 www.agrisa.co.za Artikels in Agri is ook op aanvraag in ‘n alternatiewe taal beskikbaar/Articles in Agri are also available in an alternative language on request. Sirkulasie/Circulation

agri Boeke/Books

Boekresensies Book Reviews ‘n Boek verniet Agri gee ‘n eksemplaar weg van elk van die boeke wat op bladsy 5 en 7 bespreek word. Stuur ‘n e-pos met jou naam, posadres en telefoonnommer na agricompetitions@gmail. com. Sê ook watter boek jy wil hê (slegs een boek per e-pos, asseblief). Indigenous Healing Plants Margaret Roberts and Sandy Roberts (Briza Publications) Indigenous Healing Plants is a fascinating compilation of the uses of more than 140 indigenous plants, from wellknown garden favourites such as agapanthus and scented geraniums to lesser-known plants like agt-daegeneesbossie and ashwaganda. Margaret Roberts, in her inimitable style, shares the story of each plant’s history and its various uses – medicinal, in cooking, as natural insect repellents and deodorisers along with tried-and-tested recipes, as well as brief notes on how to grow it in the garden. Sandy’s full-colour photographs, alongside Margaret’s delicate line drawings, illustrate the plants. This fully updated and expanded edition of Indigenous Healing Plants, which was first published in 1995, now includes an additional 15 indigenous medicinal plants as well as a new section on naturalised weeds and foraged food plants. This book records traditional wisdom and practical information on the many uses of indigenous South African plants and will appeal to anyone interested in health, gardening, cooking and home crafting. It also offers a historical perspective and botanical detail that will be of interest to students of Botany, Homeopathy and Medicine. Enquiries: Briza Publications, tel no (012) 329 3896, email: books@briza.co.za, website: www.briza.co.za, bookshop: 121 Soutpansberg Road, Riviera, Pretoria Boerekos met ‘n twist Annelien Pienaar (Human & Rousseau) In Boerekos met ’n twist gee Annelien Pienaar ’n kwyl­lekker kinkel aan die eenvoudige, voedsame huiskos wat jou ma, ouma en oumagrootjie gemaak het. Elkeen van dié 140 familie­resepte vir soppe, souse, groente-, vleis- en nageregte én gebak en spenstreffers is deeglik getoets, bevat g’n vreemde bestanddele nie en sit die “resep-met-’nles”-konsep voort wat haar gelyknamige blog en Facebookblad so ’n ongekende sosialemediasukses maak. Tussendeur help sy lesers om basiese kombuisvaardig­hede onder die knie te kry én sy deel nuttige raad, kortpaaie en plaasvervangers waarmee selfs groentjies vinniger, goedkoper en met meer selfvertroue vooruit sal boer in die kombuis. As voedselwetenskaplike, kookskool­eienaar, boervrou, werkende ma en blogger met haar vinger stewig op die pols van die volk weet Annelien presies wat kosmakers én -eters nou nodig het: ’n kompakte 21ste eeuse Kook en Geniet vir besige mense. Navrae: nb@nb.co.za

Hallo, Hekel/Hello, Crochet Cornel Strydom, Elsbeth Eksteen, Anisa Fielding (Human & Rousseau) Hekel is die nuutste handwerkgier wat wêreldwyd op die loopplanke te sien is en nou deur oud en jonk beoefen word. In Hallo, Hekel word ’n enkele patroon geneem en op vier verskillende maniere vertolk na gelang van jou styl – hetsy boheems, kunstig, kontemporêr of romanties. Patrone, wat wissel in moeilikheidsgraad, sluit mooi goed vir jouself, jou huis, babas en kinders, en selfs geskenke in. Daar is ietsie vir almal: ’n warm poncho vir die winter, ’n mooi teemussie vir die huis, ’n serp wat jy as geskenk vir jou vriendin kan gee, ’n dienlike baadjie vir ’n nuwe baba. Daar is ook voorstelle om dieselfde patroon vir meer as een projek te gebruik. Hallo, Hekel is net die ding as hekel jou passie is. Deur bekendes in handwerk- en hekelkringe. Navrae: nb@nb.co.za Kokkedoortjie Errieda du Toit (samesteller) (Human & Rousseau) Die inspirasie waarop elke gesin gewag het. Kokkedoortjie volg in die spore van die uiters gewilde Kokkedoor-, en Koekedoor-reekse, met tien jong kinderkokke wat meeding vir die titel van die land se beste kinderkok. Dié kookboek is ’n versamelstuk vir die derduisende aanhangers wat die Kokkedoortjies leer liefkry het, en wil bak en kook soos hulle. Kokkedoortjie is ’n gesinskookboek, ’n kinderkook­ boek, ’n kookboek vir die kind in ons almal. Dit verweef elke dag se staatmakerresepte met ’n unieke bestanddeel – die kleurvolle verbeelding van ’n kind. Dit wissel van eiernessies vir ontbyt, die beste kosblik-toebroodjies ooit, koekies vir Entrepreneursdag, trooskos, sportiewe hamburgers, piekniekslaaie in flesse, poetsbak-poedings, plaat­ koekies en pannekoek. Daar is kreatiewe visgeregte en die finaliste se wengeregte wat die land se monde laat water. Die beoordelaars deel ook hul gunstelingresepte in die boek. >>> bladsy 7

Boekwenners, vorige uitgawe: Die Koning se wingerd, Johan Buys, Ladysmith; Bome van plek tot plek in die Nasionale Krugerwildtuin, Sanli Brink, Esti Pretorius, Bultfontein; Perlemoendiewe, Helgaard Dreyer, Vredendal; Vreedsame revolusie, Johan Nieuwoud, Kakamas; Die apies se dieretuin, Schoeman du Preez, Windmeul. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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agri Stille waters

Stille waters Gehoorsaam die Woord Ek roep na U, red my, ek wil u verordeninge gehoorsaam (Psalm 119:146). GESELSVRAAG: Wat wil die Here dalk vandag in jou lewe verander?

H

et jy dalk vanoggend gebid dat die Here tog niks in jou lewe moet verander nie? Of is jy gewillig om te verander?” daag ek ’n gemeente uit wat my as prediker genooi het. Die Here gee tog sy woord aan ons omdat ons nie volmaak is nie. Ons almal moet verander.

Die Here wil ons in die erediens toerus vir die week wat voorlê. Dit beteken Hy wil ons verander sodat ons gereed kan wees vir die uitdagings wat wag. Die psalmdigter was bewus daarvan dat God verandering by ons verwag. Daarom stel hy hom daarop in om God se Woord te ontvang. Hy begin reeds voor sonop en maak hom gereed (vgl. v. 147). Hy lê in die nag wakker en dink na oor die Woord (vgl. v. 148). Hy weet dat God ons sekerheid wil gee oor wat reg en wat verkeerd is (vgl. v. 152). Die meeste van ons sal vandag geleentheid kry om na die Woord van die Here te gaan luister. Ons moet dus gewillig wees om nie net ’n preek aan te hoor nie, maar om

daardeur radikaal verander te word. Kom ons bid dus vir ons predikers wat vandag voor ’n gemeente sal staan, dat hulle toegerus en bekragtig sal word en dat die Woord van die Here baie mense sal verander. GEBED: Here, ek buig voor U om vandag deur U verander te word. Help my om u opdrag te hoor. Lees vanaand in Psalm 119:153-160 hoe die Woord van die Here die geheim van ware lewe openbaar.

<<< bladsy 5 Die Boendoesbaai-ding Rudi Venter (Human & Rousseau) Wanneer Eddie twee mans hoor praat oor ’n rooftog jare gelede tydens die Boendoesbaai Derbyperde-uithourit, is hy vasberade om die geheim te ontrafel. Kon so iets skokkends ooit in hulle klein kusdorpie gebeur? Wat sou van die geld geword het? En waarom lyk dit of Lampies van Tonder op dieselfde tyd verdwyn het? Maryna Cloete, pal met haar neus in ander se sake, meng natuurlik dadelik in met sy planne. Hulle pad kruis ook met die Von Dempter-neefs, Hein en Roelof, wat in die woonwapark kamp vir die vakansie. En gou word dit duidelik dat vraagtekens soos coat hangers die dorp vol hang. ‘n Lekker spannende “whodunit” vir tienerlesers. Navrae: nb@nb.co.za Ek leer die ABC/Ek leer tel/Ek leer van kleure Leon Rousseau, Karen Ahlschläger (illustreerder) (Human & Rousseau)

Ek leer die ABC maak voorskoolse kinders op ‘n prettige manier vertroud met die alfabet van A tot Z. Eenvoudige eerste woorde en klanke wat met elke letter geassosieer word, maak dit maklik om die ABC te leer. Ek leer tel is ‘n kleurvolle telboek en kinders op ‘n prettige manier vertroud met getalle, terwyl hulle stelselmatig van 1 tot 100 leer tel. Kinders kan aangemoedig word om hardop saam te tel, terwyl daar na elke element gewys en die pragtige tonele op elke bladsy saam verken word. Ek leer van kleure is ‘n kleurvolle boek en maak voorskoolse kinders op ‘n prettige

manier vertroud met al die primêre kleure. Daar is ook kort rympies om saam op te sê en ‘n storie om die kleure van die reënboog te leer ken. Moedig jou kind aan om die kleure self uit te ken, terwyl julle die pragtige tonele op elke bladsy verken. Dié boeke is ‘n moet vir elke voorskoolse kind. Navrae: nb@nb.co.za Haas Das se Nuuskas: Episode 3 Louise Smit, Vian Oelofsen (illustrasies) (Human & Rousseau) Almal van Menseland is verheug om Haas Das, die geliefde nuusleser van Diereland, en sy assistent, Piet Muis, en hulle manewales weer te geniet in hierdie veelkleurige leesboeke. In hierdie episode vind die groot wedloop tussen Hasie Kwassie en Skillie Skilpad plaas! Wie gaan wen? Die gewilde Haas Dasstories word opnuut uitgebeeld deur Vian Oelofsen se pragtige illustrasies. Navrae: nb@nb.co.za agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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agri Viewpoint

What is policy work? OMRI VAN ZYL, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR: AGRI SA

Agri SA is at the forefront of policy work in South Africa, yet many throw the word “policy” around as if it was a close relative they invited to dinner. Let us examine the core business of policy work and what it entails and make sure we clarify what it is that we do at Agri SA.

I

n terms of the classical definition policy work is described as follows: “Public policy is the principled guide to action taken by the administrative executive branches of the state about a class of issues, in a manner consistent with law and institutional customs. The foundation of public policy is

Gathering intelligence

Analysing policies and laws

Drafting comments, alerting other stakeholders and engage­ ment on policies and laws

Communication, mobilisation and awareness raising

Presenting at Parliament Monitoring implementation

composed of national constitutional laws and regulations.” Most of Agri SA’s work is focussed on influencing policy. This requires focus and a very professional approach. For this reason, Agri SA has been enhancing its capacity by appointing more specialised professionals to

focus on the critical policy areas. Our workspace is focussed on the following Centres of Excellence: 1. Economy and Trade; 2. Labour and Transformation; 3. Safety; >>> page 11 4. Natural Resources;

Policy can only be influenced if government intentions are known. The earlier a policy can be picked up and engaged with, the better the chance of exerting an influence in that policy space. To gather intelligence a network is required. Agri Sa has built up a network over many years. Elements of this network are Busa, Nedlac, the ILO, parliament, senior government officials, ministers, members of political parties, various NGO’S. Through this network, Agri SA has an early warning system of what policies are on the horizon. This allows for early intervention. All law and policy have a strong legal component to it. Agri SA has a strong team of legal word,identify lyk dierisks prentjie soos volg:contained in these, experts that analyse all policies and laws and for the sector Insameling inligting – 10%;work point out shortcomings and suggest ways - to improve on them. van These legal experts closely with farmers who are the chairpersons respective van centres excellence. - of theMonitering die of toepassing daarvan – 5%; After having studies any relevant policies or proposed laws, draft comments are done. Other stakeholders in the sector and within Busa are alerted where necessary. - Parlementêre werk – 5%; Engagement then takes place either directly with the relevant government department or through Busa in - Kommunikasie, mobilisering en Nedlac. bewusmaking – 15%; Once an Agri SA position has been developed and Formulering mandated byvan ourkommentaar affiliates, media - statements, thought leadership articles, and raising through various mediums take en awareness skakeling met die regering en place. Members are also informed at meetings of centres of–excellence, through newsletters belanghebbendes 30%; and circulars. - Ontleding van beleid en wetgewing Agri SA monitors parliamentary processes25%. and often make oral submissions in parliament on policies and laws. After policies and laws are implemented, Agri SA also monitors their impact. Although it is never the first option, Agri SA has in the past and will continue to get involved in litigation where necessary to protect the sector and the constitutional rights of its members.

Litigation

V E N N OT E I N L A N D E L I K E B E V E I L I G I N G | PA R T N E R S I N R U R A L S A F E T Y Use agricultural fleet code F14911 when purchasing a Nissan vehicle for Nissan SA to contribute to farm safety | Gebruik landbouvlootkode F14911 wanneer ‘n Nissan voertuig aangekoop word vir Nissan SA om ‘n bydrae te maak tot plaasveiligheid

agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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agri Standpunt

Wat is beleidswerk? OMRI VAN ZYL, UITVOERENDE DIREKTEUR: AGRI SA

Agri SA staan aan die voorpunt van beleidswerk in Suid-Afrika, en tóg gooi baie mense die woord ‘beleid’ rond asof dit ‘n familielid is wat uitgenooi word vir ete. Laat ons kyk na die kernbesigheid van beleidswerk en wat dit behels, en seker maak dat ons uitklaar wat dit is wat ons by Agri SA doen.

I

ngevolge die klassieke definisie word beleidswerk soos volg beskryf: Openbare beleid is die beginsel-riglyn vir aksies wat geneem word deur die administratiewe bestuurstakke van die staat ten opsigte van ‘n klas van aangeleenthede op ‘n wyse wat strook met die wet en institusionele gebruike. Die grondslag van openbare beleid word saamgestel uit nasionale konstitusionele wetgewing en regulasies. Agri SA se werk is meestal gemik op die beïnvloeding van beleid. Dit verg ‘n gefokusde en hoogs professionele benadering. Om hierdie rede is Agri SA besig om sy kapasiteit te verhoog deur meer spesialiste aan te stel om te fokus op die kritieke beleidsareas. Ons werksterrein is gefokus op die volgende Sentrums vir Uitmuntendheid: 1. Ekonomie en Handel; 2. Arbeid en Transformasie;

Versamel intelligensie

3. Veiligheid; 4. Natuurlike Hulpbronne; 5. Landbou-ontwikkeling. Ons besef dat ons nie alles vir almal kan wees nie; daarom het ons ‘n strategiese besluit Omri van Zyl is die uitvoerende direkteur van Agri SA geneem om te fokus op hierdie uiters belangrike aangeleenthede – en om te verseker dat ons diep delf - Kommunikasie, mobilisering en in die beleids­omge­wings wat verband hou bewusmaking – 15%; met hierdie onderwerpe. - Formulering van kommentaar Kom ons kyk na die onderbou van en skakeling met die regering en beleidsformulering asook die verskeidenheid belanghebbendes – 30%; aktiwiteite wat vereis word. - Ontleding van beleid en wetgewing 25%. Interessant genoeg – wanneer die Wanneer die regskomponente uit die persentasies van toepassing uiteengesit persentasies gehaal word, draai ongeveer word, lyk die prentjie soos volg: 70% van al ons beleidswerk om regsaspekte. - Insameling van inligting – 10%; Ons het ‘n strategiese benadering - Monitering van die toepassing daarvan – gevolg tydens die werwingsproses en ons 5%; professionele aanstellings weerspieël hierdie - Parlementêre werk – 5%; bedeling. Beleid kan slegs beïnvloed word indien die regering se oogmerke bekend is. Hoe gouer ‘n nuwe beleid bekend is en daarmee gehandel word, hoe beter is die kans om ‘n invloed in daardie beleidsterrein uit te oefen. ‘n Netwerk word benodig om intelligensie te versamel. Agri SA het só ‘n netwerk oor baie jare opgebou. Elemente hiervan is Busa, Nedlac, die IAO, parlement, senior regeringsamptenare, ministers, lede van politieke partye en verskeie nie-regeringsorganisasies. Deur middel van hierdie netwerk het Agri SA toegang tot ‘n vroeë waarskuwingstelsel van watter beleid in die pypleiding is.

Ontleed beleid en wette

Alle beleid en wetgewing het ‘n sterk regskomponent. Agri SA het ‘n bekwame span regskundiges wat alle beleid en wetgewing ontleed, risiko’s wat dit vir die bedryf inhou identifiseer, tekortkominge uitwys en opsies ter verbetering daarvan aanbeveel.

Formulering van kommentaar en skakeling met die regering en belanghebbendes

Nadat studies oor enige tersaaklike beleid en voorgestelde wette afgehandel is, word konsepkommentaar geformuleer. Ander belanghebbendes in die sektor en binne Busa word hiervan ingelig indien nodig. Interaksie vind dan plaas, óf direk met die betrokke staatsdepartement óf via Busa binne Nedlac.

Kommunikasie, mobilisering en bewusmaking

Voorlegging aan parlement

Monitering van implementering

Litigasie

Nadat ‘n Agri SA-standpunt ontwikkel is en ‘n mandaat van ons affiliasies verkry is, word mediaverklarings geskryf, leier-opiniestukke geplaas en bewusmakingsaksies uitgevoer via verskeie mediums. Lede word ook hieroor ingelig tydens die vergaderings van die Sentrums vir Uitnemendheid in die vorm van nuusbriewe en omsendbriewe. Agri SA kontroleer parlementêre prosesse en doen dikwels mondelingse voorleggings oor beleid en wetgewing aan die parlement. Nadat beleid en wetgewing geïmplementeer is, monitor Agri SA die impak daarvan. Hoewel dit nooit die eerste opsie is nie, het Agri SA is die verlede betrokke geraak en sal weer betrokke raak by regsaksies, waar nodig, ten einde die sektor en die grondwetlike regte van sy lede te beskerm. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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agri Promosie/Promotional

agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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agri Promosie/Promotional

<<< page 8 5. Agricultural development. We realise that we cannot be everything for everyone and we’ve strategically decided to focus on these all-important topics – and to ensure that we dive deep into the meat of the policy environments associated with all these subject matters. Let us investigate the underbuilt of policy formulation as well as the

variety of activities that it requires. Interesting enough: when you break down the percentages of application the mixture looks as follows: - Intelligence gathering – 10%; - Monitoring enforcement – 5%; - Parliamentary work – 5%; - Communicating, mobilising and awareness raising – 15%;

- Drafting comments and engaging with government and stakeholders – 30%; - Analysing policies and legislation 25%. When you break the legal components out of the percentages, approximately 70% of all our policy work revolve around legal aspects. We have also strategically applied ourselves in the recruitment process and our professionals reflect this dispensation.

Radikalisme het nie plek in Suid-Afrika nie Die tyd het aangebreek dat radikalisme in al sy vorme in Suid-Afrika uitgeroei word en landsburgers die vryheid wat die Grondwet bied in ’n gederadikaliseerde samelewing kan ervaar.

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ó sê Johannes Möller, president van Agri SA. “Die afgelope tyd is daar in die media kennis geneem van verskeie rassistiese voorvalle wat nie nasiebou bevorder nie, maar eerder gemeenskappe van mekaar verwyder.” Volgens Möller het die land en sy mense ’n samelewing nodig waar hulle reg op lewe gerespekteer en almal ewe belangrik geag word. “Ek doen vandag ’n beroep op alle Suid-Afrikaners om geweldsmisdaad en rassisme in alle vorme te veroordeel en in gemeenskapsverband na mekaar uit te reik en van die land ’n beter plek te maak, waar almal in vrede en verdraagsaamheid kan saamleef.” Lede van die landbougemeenskap het die afgelope ruk ook nie ontsnap van gewelddadige optrede, soos plaasaanvalle en opruiende uitsprake oor grondbesetting

nie. Daagliks word in die media gerapporteer van geweld wat teenoor mede-landsburgers gepleeg word en die gepaardgaande trauma wat slagoffers moet ervaar. Dié optredes het nie plek in ’n demokratiese land nie, waar menseregte ’n hoë prioriteit behoort te geniet. Leiers in die samelewing het ’n verantwoordelikheid om saam te staan en ’n klimaat van verdraagsaamheid te skep en geweld in al sy vorme te veroordeel. “Die landbou bly een van die land se bates en behoort ontwikkel te word as ’n aantreklike beroep vir jong toetreders,” sê Möller. “Dit kan slegs moontlik wees indien boere en plaaswerkers hul beroep in veiligheid kan beoefen en waar radikalisme nie ’n plek het nie.” Dit is reg dat die minister van polisie vorme van radikalisme veroordeel, sê Möller. “Ons vind dit egter vreemd

dat hy nie die wreedaardige moorde en aanrandings op lede van die boeregemeenskap veroordeel nie.” ’n Beroep word ook gedoen op leiers om hulle te weerhou van opruiende en ekstremistiese uitsprake wat kan aanleiding gee tot geweld teen die boerderygemeenskap. Uitsprake van hierdie aard gaan gewoonlik met emosie gepaard, wat lei tot die vorming van verkeerde persepsies van mense, en dit kan rassistiese optrede bevorder. Daar moet daarop gelet word dat ’n misdadige element oral in die samelewing teenwoordig is en dat opruiende uitsprake vir hulle as motivering kan dien om ’n misdaad te pleeg. “Daar rus dus ’n groot verantwoordelikheid op alle leiers om met sorgsaamheid uitsprake te maak en nie ondersteuners aan te moedig om gewelddadig op te tree nie.” agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Case IH provides hands-on sales training More than 100 sales professionals, from distributors across the Africa and Middle East region, have attended a very successful Case IH agriculture commercial training event in South Africa. Split between practical driving sessions at Cairo Farm Parys and theoretical training in the BMG Hotel in nearby Sasolburg, the event focused on a wide range of Case IH equipment. This included Quadtrac, Steiger, Magnum Rowtrac, Magnum and AFS high power tractors, Puma CVT, Puma, Maxxum and Farmall A tractors, combines, headers, sprayers and implements. Delegates from as far as Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa attended the course in two groups, allowing plenty of hands-on driving time, to build familiarity with the extensive range of Case IH equipment. The sessions, which were prepared and delivered by the Case IH commercial training team from St Valentin in Austria, were designed to ensure that sales people have the very latest information and updates, providing them with practical expertise that can be used to benefit their customers when selecting agricultural machinery.

Nobody here is hungry “No one in this community goes to bed hungry.” So said Mavis Hlatshwayo, talking about the success of a programme to empower small-scale farmers to yield a better harvest – and thus escape poverty. Mavis is one of the beneficiaries of the Farmer Development Programme (FDP), initiated by Grain SA in partnership with Monsanto and several other sponsors, which is aimed at developing sustainable black farmers, including black commercial farmers, so that they can contribute to food security. “I am so grateful for the programme because in a country where millions of people go to bed hungry, I’m able to produce enough maize to feed my family. I can then sell the surplus to make some money for myself,” she said. According to Magda du Toit, Monsanto’s communications manager, the programme aims to provide all farmers in rural South Africa with agricultural knowledge regarding good planting practices, sustainable farming, business plans, planting techniques and the use biotechnology has to achieve top yield. “It’s a great privilege for us to be part of FDP because we are passionate about emerging farmers. This is an opportunity for us to help change the life of communities where the need is so high. We also bring them hope,” says Du Toit. Monsanto was one of the initial partners in the project together with the Agricultural Research Council (ARC), and helped farmers with the latest technology in high quality seed and chemical input.

Partnerships to nurture future farmers Monsanto strives to empower famers with smart solutions to yield a better harvest, while using resources more efficiently, the company says in a media release. One way of achieving this is through a partnership initiative with Khulisa Social Solutions. Khulisa is a nonprofit company that provides long-term sustainable social solutions to vulnerabilities and inequalities, which impede communities’ ability to thrive. Founded in 1997, the company focuses on empowering South African communities, especially young children, women and youth to unlock their potential and develop skills towards a sustainable future. “We are an organisation that strives to address the casual factors of why communities fail to thrive through grass root level engagements, innovative interventions and key collaborations with multiple stakeholders. We leverage investments and experiences from our partners to solve complex problems facing our country,” says Tine Cornillie, Khulisa senior programme manager. In 2016 Monsanto and Khulisa implemented the Global Giveback Circle (GGBC) to bridge the gap between unemployed youth and work opportunities through job readiness programmes, experiential learning programmes and employment opportunities. A total of 120 post matric girls, aged 25 from the Amajuba district Newcastle, were recruited into the programme. The girls were provided with critical skills such as basic computer training, financial literacy and career guidance to empower them for future opportunities. They were also each assigned a mentor to guide them and provide support through the programme.

Agri SA participates in the development of a labour information web tool for SMEs JAHNI DE VILLIERS, HEAD OF LABOUR AND TRANSFORMATION

Agri SA attended a meeting in July, facilitated by Busa, where the CCMA launched its small business labour information web tool project. The aim of this web tool is to give employers and employees in SMEs access to labour law information, which is hoped to support harmonious labour relations in SMEs, while reducing the number of CCMA referrals from this sector. Agri SA emphasised the need for accessibility to the web tool (it must be mobile-friendly, among other recommendations), and will continue participating in this project until its launch date in early 2018. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Plaaslewe in die stad bekendgestel Kom ervaar die plaaslewe in die stad tydens die jaarlikse Agri-Expo Livestock vanaf Donderdag 12 tot Saterdag 14 Oktober 2017. Dié expo bied ‘n wêreldklas-tentoonstelling van die Suid-Afrikaanse veebedryf, sowel as ‘n uitstalling van die primêre vleis- en suiwelsektore en hulle waardekettings. Saterdag 14 Oktober is spesifiek gemik op die verbruiker om landbou op sy beste te ervaar met kaas, wyn, boerbokvleis, skaapstertjies, afval en meer is aan die orde van die dag. Hierdie unieke familiegeleentheid beloof om gesinne te vermaak met plattelandse gasvryheid. Die hoogtepunt van die geleentheid is die kroning van die Suiwelkoningin en die Rooivleis­ koning of -koning­in op Saterdag, 14 Oktober.

Mahindra launches Farm-To-Folk initiative in Nigeria Springfield Agro Limited, a Kewalram Chanrai group company, in partnership with Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd, a part of the US $19 billion Mahindra Group with a growing global presence, announced its collaboration with Katsina State Government, and launched the Farm-To-Folk initiative. An end-to-end farm mechanisation solution, the Farm-To-Folk initiative will develop agriculture and farming ecosystem in Nigeria and provide customised farming solutions for every need of the farming community. Under the aegis of this initiative the company will not only provide tractors and farm equipment solutions, but also be a key enabler in knowledge dissemination. Springfield Agro and Mahindra will setup agri centres across the state – Chibiyar Chi Gaban Manoma – Gromost Centre. The Gromost Centre will be a one-stopshop to empower farmers with the knowledge of soil, seeds, micro-irrigation and harvesting as well as the relevant method for caring of crops. Farmers from every region and capacity will benefit from these Gromost Centres. This in turn will drive farm tech prosperity and contribute immensely to the growth of agriculture and farming in Nigeria. The launch agenda will also include the commissioning of 225 tractors by the Katsina State Governor, Aminu Masari, in line with the government’s effort to encourage farming and increase support for the growth of farmers’ unions and other agro-based associations.

McCain celebrates environmental achievement McCain recently achieved the Global ISO 14001:2015 certification. This global certification is given to companies that manage to follow the voluntary standards, as set by ISO 14001:2015, that manage environmental responsibilities in a systematic manner. McCain implemented strategies, globally, that aimed to reduce the impact the business has on the environment through its activities, products and services. The focus is on controlling the waste produced in every aspect of the business in terms of air pollution, the use of energy, recycling as well as water usage and management. In South Africa McCain has initiated internal projects to improve irrigation scheduling on farms and water efficiency within its plants. Each McCain plant has a dedicated water usage team that reviews usage results daily and proposes gap closing measures, covering aspects such as water cascading, process refinements and different process technologies. This water utilisation strategy has seen a 42% reduction in water wastage at the Springs plant, and a 23% reduction at the Delmas facility over the past two years. The Global ISO 14001:2015 certification is a great accomplishment for McCain globally and illustrates the commitment, of all McCain teams across the world, to sustainable business practices that focus on reducing environmental waste. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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GoGlobal a logistic pioneer GoGlobal. What can be said about this incredible industry disruptor? The company has established a remarkable reputation for themselves, becoming a truly innovative organisation that maintains a forward-thinking mindset throughout all their endeavors. Over 15 years of industry experience, a passion for logistics and dedication to their clients, has lead GoGlobal to achieve a pioneer status and a justified spot as one of the most influential and highly regarded brands in the market.

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ollowing a thorough marketing position analysis, it was clear that GoGlobal is a multi-functional organisation that generates value for all exporters. Through the strategic use of business data, GoGlobal consistently adds value throughout the chain, achieving awe-inspiring success stories, year after year. GoGlobal integrated their existing online tracking and cargo management software with a new, cutting edge mobile application. GoGlobal was the first in the industry to offer an innovative, state-of-the-art 24/7 login function, allowing clients to obtain live, up-todate information and reports on their cargo via a Windows, Andriod or iOS platform. “The GoReefers App not only provides container tracking, but provides up to date sailing schedules, operational information and multi-user login for management reports, as well as push notifications of out-of-the-norm occurrences”

The application enables real time booking and cargo management. Container packing list information is included, as well as the status of export documents, along with waybill courier information and search function, indicating various season registration statuses. The App provides booking notifications of stacks closing or SI Cut-offs. Customisable Push-Notifications will keep you informed on arrivals or delays in trans-shipment, ports of discharge and container collection. Clients are able to access their online information 24/7, from their smart devices; whether at home, office or in the field. GoReefers, the team responsible for setting up the GoReefers App, is a logistics service specialising in the shipment of perishable cargo to and from South Africa. Their track record speaks for itself, with 50% of their clients having been with them for over 10 years and 75% exceeding the 5 year mark. GoGlobal operate with an integrated network

of global and local offices and agents. The newly launched UK office, as well as agents in the Far East, NWC and the Mediterranean, provide clients with a wide scope of unconstrained logistic services. GoGlobal has also invested heavily in industry leading IT systems, used and developed by GoReefers, as well as other services. GoIntell, a business analysis model that runs off a customised ERP programme that covers an integrated export solution. The linking of GoGlobal’s vast operational system, with your IT system, results in a level of efficiency and transparency that was previously unachievable. In addition to the information technology solutions GoGlobal has also developed GoChill, an ultra-modern, purpose built, cold storage and fruit handling facility situated close to the port of in Durban. GoCheck is based at GoChill and these two companies operate simultaneously. GoCheck consists of a highly experienced and specialised quality assurance team, delivering a wide range of inspection, monitoring and supervisory services across South Africa. On both sides of the South African border, GoBorders offers a one-stop cross-border solution for all import and export needs. From VAT payments, temporary imports, acquittals to having your customs documents electronically available. On the road, GoRoad is the proud owner privately owned fleet of trucks that haul both long and short distance loads within South Africa. Management monitors the fleet through satellite tracking technology. Through innovation they have created services and products to provide value and tools for clients to manage their businesses more efficiently, give them visibility in the chain, reduce handling of cargo and thus reduce direct costs. GoGlobal don’t merely consolidate customer’s logistics needs; but truly add value throughout the entire logistics chain. If you stand back and look at GoGlobal’s journey, they have created an entire suite of value added services that are entirely unique in their offering – something that cannot be found anywhere else under one “umbrella”. This culmination of modular services is why GoGlobal was developed. Their motto to ‘Go Beyond’ truly means that they will go further, go bigger and infinitely do better.

CALL: +27 12 912 5900 | EMAIL: GOBEYOND@GOGLOBAL.GROUP | WEB: GOGLOBAL.GROUP agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Agri Wes-Kaap vereer landboupresteerders Agri Wes-Kaap se komitee vir landelike veiligheid vereer elke jaar tydens sy jaarkongres, wat vanjaar op 27 Julie gehou is, lede van die SAPD vir hul bydrae tot landelike veiligheid in die provinsie. Vanjaar se toekenning vir die Beste Landelike Veiligheidskoördineerder is aan sersant Alan Adams, sektorbevelvoerder: landelike veiligheid van Uniondale, toegeken.

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aptein Morné Heunis, SAPD-klusterbevelvoerder, sê sersant Adams het die afgelope jaar verskeie dwelm-arrestasies in die landelike gebiede gemaak deur middel van 252 operasies, wat duidelik daarop wys dat hy deur die jaar konstant besig was met sy polisiëringsaksies in die landelike gebiede. Hy dien die gemeenskap ook ywerig deur middel van misdaadbewusmakingsprojekte om ’n beter en veiliger landelike omgewing te verseker, veral met die klem op ouer persone en misdade teen vroue en kinders. Verskeie inisiatiewe is ook van stapel gestuur om voorvalle van huishoudelike geweld te voorkom en persone aan te moedig om drank verantwoordelik te gebruik. Hy doen ekstra moeite om kinders in die gemeenskap te bemagtig deur verskeie bewusmakingsaksies by plaasskole, waar pamflette uitgedeel word om skoolveiligheid, waterveiligheid, dwelm- en drankmisbruik en seksuele misdrywe aan te spreek. Johan Bothma, Agri Wes-Kaap se hoofbestuurder, het sersant Adams bedank vir die besondere en lojale diens wat hy aan landbouers in die Wes-Kaap lewer.

Kapt Morné Heunis, sersant Alan Adams en Johan Bothma, hoofbestuurder van Agri Wes-Kaap.

Hulle het diep spore getrap Agri Wes-Kaap het tydens die jaarlikse kongresdinee op Woensdag 26 Julie spesiale oorkondes oorhandig aan persone wat die landbousektor in die Wes-Kaap oor jare gedien het en diep spore in die landbou getrap het: André Roux en Callie van den Heever tree vanjaar af by die Wes-Kaap se departement van landbou. Nic Opperman en Johan Pienaar het ook vanjaar uit die diens van Agri SA getree, onderskeidelik as direkteur van Natuurlike Hulpbronne en adjunk- uitvoerende direkteur.

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arl Opperman, uitvoerende hoof van Agri Wes-Kaap, sê die bydrae van dié persone tot die landbousektor is byna onmoontlik om op te som. “Hoewel hulle vanjaar uit diens tree, is hulle kundigheid hopelik nie vir landbouers verlore nie.”

NIC OPPERMAN Nic Opperman was die afgelope 36 jaar ’n baie goeie vriend van die landbou. Sy landbou-loopbaan het in 1982 as bedryfsbestuurder by die TLU begin en in 1996 is hy aangestel as direkteur van Natuurlike Hulpbronne by Agri SA. Agri Wes-Kaap wil Nic graag vereer vir sy rol om beleid vir landbouers te beding, veral met betrekking tot volhoubare landbou-ontwikkeling, grondhervorming en boer-ontwikkeling; watersake en energiesake met ’n belangstelling in hernubare energie. Sy insette en betrokkenheid om landbou se belange te bevorder, strek tot in die buiteland. As verteenwoordiger van Agri SA was hy gereeld deel van die internasionale landbouprodusente-organisasie se

Nic Opperman, Johan Pienaar, Cornie Swart (president van Agri Wes-Kaap), André Roux en Callie van den Heever.

verteenwoordig. onderhandelingspan “Hoewel hulle vanjaar Nic se uitgangspunt oor volhoubare uit diens tree, is hulle was nog altyd dat dit landbou, hernubare vir hom belangrik is energie en selfs kundigheid hopelik nie vir om mense reguit en van die COPlandbouers verlore nie.” eerlik in die oë te kyk. berade in verskeie Hoewel ons van hom wêreldstede. Plaaslik afskeid neem, weet ons sy kundigheid gaan het hy Agri SA in onder meer Busa, Sancio, nog lank aan die landbou beskikbaar wees. WNK en verskeie staatsdepartemente >>> bladsy 19 agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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JOHAN PIENAAR Johan Pienaar het diep spore getrap, nie alleen in georganiseerde landbou nie, maar in vele van die instansies waar hy hom vir Suid-Afrika se produsente beywer het. Ons ken Johan, afgetrede adjunk- uitvoerende direkteur van Agri SA, as ’n persoon wat in sy loopbaan gereeld sy kundigheid aangevul het. Hy het nooit geskroom om homself verder te bekwaam om ’n beter diens te kan lewer nie. Met vele kommissies van ondersoek, inligting oor buitelandse sendings, landbou-ooreenkomste en die regtrek van wette wat landbou benadeel, was hy binne-in die geveg. Sy kundigheid was gereeld in aanvraag by buite-instansies en die regering van die dag, waar hy gehelp het om reg en regverdigheid te laat seëvier. Hy het op ’n verskeidenheid terreine bydraes gelewer: die landbou-handelsforum, komitee vir landbouversekering, Nedlac/ Busa, die AgriBEE-bestuurskomitee, interdepartementele rampbestuurforums en vele ekonomiese forums om landbou se saak te stel. Agri Wes-Kaap bedank graag vir Johan Pienaar vir die spore wat hy in landbou getrap het, vir die ondersteuning wat ons van hom gekry het en die positiewe bydrae wat hy ook tot Agri Wes-Kaap gemaak het. Ons as sy kollegas sal dit altyd onthou. ANDRÉ ROUX Dit is ’n voorreg om vir André Roux te vereer vir sy bydrae aan die landbousektor en vir sy besonderse, beskeie en menswaardige manier om landbouuitdagings te beredder. In sy loopbaan by die departement van waterwese en bosbou tussen 1970 en 1995 was hy onder meer die residentingenieur tydens die konstruksie van die Roodekoppiesdam. Van 1996 af is hy in diens van die Wes-Kaapse provinsiale departement van landbou; aanvanklik as hoof-ingenieur

by Ingenieursdienste en sedert 2007 as die direkteur van die Program Volhoubare Hulpbronbestuur. In sy loopbaan van 42 jaar het André deurgaans op uitsonderlike wyse tot die ontwikkeling van landbou bygedra. Dit is toe te skryf aan sy intellek, harde werk en toewyding, ’n bereidwilligheid om deel te neem, sy breedvoerige kundigheid en ondervinding. Hy het baie waardevolle insette gelewer om die konsepwaterwet van 1996 meer aanvaarbaar vir die landbousektor te kry. Sy insette en kommentaar het bygedra om die watergebruikers in die landbousektor se waterregte te beskerm. By die departement van landbou het hy hom toegespits op volhoubare hulpbronbestuur, landbou-ingenieurswese en LandCare, water en besproeiing, dierebehuising, hanteringsfasiliteite en afvalhantering, meganisasie en bewaringsboerdery, waardetoevoeging op die plaas, grondbewaring, dreinering en die Fruitlook-satellietprogram vir doeltreffende besproeiing. Dit is onmoontlik om André se bydrae tot die landbou in ’n paar woorde op te som. Sy uitgebreide kennis van landbou maak dat hy die omvang van landbouskade weens natuurlike rampe kan bepaal en kwantifiseer om fondse vir ramphulp te kry, soos pas weer met die huidige droogte wat ons beleef. Hy het in 2011 die SABI Goue Medaljetoekenning ontvang as die persoon in Suid-Afrika wat die grootste bydrae tot besproeiing en doeltreffende waterbenutting in die landbousektor gelewer het. In 2016 is hy deur die Landbouskrywers as die Wes-Kaap se Landboukundige van die Jaar aangewys. Hy dien ook reeds baie jare in Agri WesKaap se komitee vir natuurlike hulpbronne, waar hy waardevolle insette lewer tot beleidsformulering en samewerking en koördinering tussen die departement en Agri Wes-Kaap te bevorder.

CALLIE VAN DEN HEEVER Callie van den Heever het in 1995 in die Wes-Kaap aangekom van die Oos-Kaap af. Hy was van dag een af baie nou betrokke by Elsenburg se grondbewaringsdienste aan landbouers. Dit het ingesluit die tegniese nasiening van grondbewaringswerke soos dreinering, heinings, veesuipings, kontoere, stuwalle en skanskorwe – of gabions soos ons dit ken – wat nodig was om die subsidies goed te keur. Terwyl die departement fondse vir subsidies gehad het, is ’n baie belangrike ondersteuningsdiens aan die landbousektor gelewer deur die ondersteuning met grondbewaringswerke, waarby Callie ’n groot rol gespeel het. Nadat die subsidiefondse opgedroog het, het hy voortgegaan met die tegniese ondersteuning van grondbewaringswerke. Die afgelope 12 plus jare was Callie nóú betrokke by die ondersteuning van die landbousektor tydens rampe soos droogte, vloede en brande en het hy multi-miljoen rand se ramphulpfondse bestuur. Deur sy ywer en toegewydheid is gróót getalle boere die afgelope meer as ’n dekade gehelp met ondersteuning om droogtes te kan hanteer deur middel van aankope van voer en herstelwerke ná vloed- en brandskade. Dienslewering aan die landbousektor was altyd ’n groot prioriteit vir Callie en hy het baie nagte en naweke omgewerk, sonder enige vergoeding, om seker te maak dat die hulp so vinnig as moontlik aan die landbousektor gegee kan word. Sy vermoë om menslike verhoudings te koester en uit te bou, veral met die personeel van die nasionale departement, het die afgelope 12 jaar ’n enorme rol gespeel in die toekenning van fondse vir rampbestuurondersteuning. Sonder hierdie goeie verhoudings sou daar beslis baie minder fondse aan die provinsie beskikbaar gestel gewees het vir rampverligting.

Beste veediefstal­eenheid

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ydens Agri Wes-Kaap se jaarkongres op 27 Julie is die jaarlikse BKB-wisseltrofee vir die beste veediefstaleenheid in die WesKaap aan die SAPD Oudtshoorn-veediefstaleenheid toegeken. Die beoordeling word jaarliks aan die hand van die SAPD se produksie-inligting vir die 2016/’17-boekjaar van al die veediefstal-eenhede in die provinsie gedoen. Links is Theunis Smit, voorsitter van die provinsiale veediefstalkomitee, in die middel is die waarnemende bevelvoerder van die Oudtshoorn-veediefstaleenheid, SAO Fasie de Kock, en regs is Hein Vollgraaf, bestuurder by BKB.

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Makro-oplossing vir mikrospuite Die gebruik van mikrobesproeiing in droogtetye maak sin. Dit verseker dat die besproeiingsboer elke druppel water optimaal kan aanwend, maar ook dat hy maklik kan waarneem of mikrospuite doeltreffend werk.

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it maak egter ook sakesin om mikrobesproeiing te gebruik: al is water ruim beskikbaar, kan onnodige vermorsing die besproeiingsrekening opjaag. Agriplas, gerekende vervaardiger van besproeiingstoerusting vir meer as vier dekades, is deurlopend besig om sy besproeiingstoerusting tot die voordeel van boere te ontwikkel. Mikrospuite is geen uitsondering nie. Die probleem met mikrospuite is dat dit – omdat die spuite bogronds is – daagliks aan slytasie blootgestel word. Daarbenewens kan dit beskadig word deur plaaswerkers en die toerusting wat hulle in die vrugteboorde en wingerde gebruik. Agriplas, vanweë sy instelling op probleemoplossing en die verbetering van stelsels, het plan gemaak met die spuit­koppe deur die ontwerp van ’n produk wat dit vir spuitkoppe moontlik maak om besproeiings­water uit die lug toe te dien. Die grond word terselfdertyd vir verwerking oopgelaat sonder om te vrees dat spuitkoppe beskadig sal word.

Agriplas se gepaste naam vir die nuwe produk is J-Clip. Dit dien egter ook as ’n gewig vir die spuitkop en hou dit so stil en regop moontlik. Dit kan saam met enige van Agriplas se Gulf-reeks mikrospuitkoppe gebruik word. Tegniese adviseurs van Agriplas staan gereed met meer inligting. Meer inligting is ook op die webwerf www.agriplas.co.za beskikbaar of by telefoonnommer 021 917 7177.

Perfekte oplossings in besproeiingsbestuur

Doen navraag by jou naaste besproeiings handelaar oor Agriplas Produkte

www.agriplas.co.za KAAPSTAD - Hoofkantoor

GAUTENG

Posbus 696, Brackenfell 7561 Tel: +27 21 917 7177 Faks: +27 21 917 7200

Druiwe.indd agri AUG •1 SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

Posbus 11052, Randhart 1457 Tel: +27 11 908 2204 Faks: +27 11 908 5312

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MPUMALANGA

Suite 63, Postnet X 11326, Nelspruit 1200 Tel: +27 13 755 3510 Faks: +27 13 755 3505

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agri Nuus/News

Oos-Kaap kyk na aanpassings by uitdagings HOOGTEPUNTE VAN AGRI OOS-KAAP SE KONGRES Doug Stern het in sy presidentsrede beklemtoon dat daar ‘n ramp, in afwesigheid van droogtehulp, besig is om te ontvou. Agri Oos-Kaap het ná verskeie pogings om amptenare bewus te maak van hoe krities die droogtesituasie in die Sarah Baartman-distrikmunisipaliteit is, nie daarin geslaag om dit as rampdroogtegebied te verklaar nie.

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erder het Stern beklemtoon dat die korrupsie en bedrog in die regering se droogtehulp­ program met dringendheid oopgevlek moet word. Van die R1 miljard wat verlede jaar deur drie staatsdepartemente vir droogtehulp aan kommersiële boere toegewys is, het slegs 5% die boere bereik. Agri SA doen ‘n indiepte-ondersoek ten opsigte van die besteding van die fonds. Stern het nietemin ook ‘n optimistiese boodskap vir die boere gehad en uitgewys dat landbouproduksie die afgelope twee dekades danksy beter tegnologie met 40% toegeneem het. Hy het gesê dat Suid-Afrika se boere loshande die leiers in landbou in Afrika en van die beste ter wêreld is. Die Suid-Afrikaanse boer moet massiewe uitdagings te bowe kom soos plaasgeweld, veediefstal en grondbesettings. “Die jaar 2016 was een van die droogste jare deur die hele land (die afgelope 100 jaar) en kyk net hoe goed het ons boere oorleef onder moeilike omstandighede.”

GASSPREKERS Die bekende joernalis, TV-aanbieder en radio-omroeper Freek Robinson het boere daaraan herinner dat hulle nie slegs die voorgangers is wat die ekonomie bou nie, maar ook meer belangrik, die voorgangers moet wees om rasse-verhoudings te verbeter. Hy het beklemtoon dat boere baie belangrik is, nie net by die produksie van kos nie, maar ook in die poging om Suid-Afrikaners nader aan mekaar te bring om op menslike vlak ’n verskil te maak en mekaar op menslike vlak te vind. “Ons kan nie heeltyd met mekaar baklei nie. Dit is die boer se plig om die naam van die boere te suiwer teen die negatiewe aspek en te verander na ‘n positiewe een.” ABSA se senior ekonoom Wessel Lemmer het gesê dat landbou, ten spyte van ‘n resessie, nog steeds ‘n goeie belegging is. Die groei van 22% in die bruto binnelandse produk van die landbou vanaf die laaste kwartaal in 2016 tot die eerste kwartaal vanjaar is bewys van ’n goeie belegging. Hy het kongresgangers aangeraai om nuwe beleggingsgeleenthede

Henk van Wyk (Agri Noord-Kaap), Freek Robinson, Doug Stern (Agri Oos-Kaap) en Johannes Möller (Agri SA)

te ondersoek en nie ‘n goeie geleentheid mis te loop nie. “Vasbyt vir die volgende twee jaar,” was sy boodskap. ABSA was ook die hoofborg van die damesprogram wat deur Liz Stern (presidentsvrou) gereël is. Dr Peter Johnston, ‘n klimaatweten­ skap­­like en navorser vir die Afrika-klimaat se ontwikkelings­inisiatief, het uitgewys dat die klimaat se skuiwe getroef kan word. Ondanks onbetwisbare bewyse dat klimaatsverande­ring ‘n werklikheid is kan boere, met behulp van die hendendaagse tegnologie, die ongunstige gevolge daarvan verminder. Die toepassing van minimum of geenbewerkings­praktyke, presisieboerdery, die beter benutting van water en die aanplant van gewasse wat meer droogtebestand is, is enkele maniere om steeds te sorg dat daar genoeg kos op die tafel gesit kan word.

Eeufees-sertifikate

Johannes Möller, Agri SA, ontvang ‘n geskenk

>>> bladsy 25 agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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<<< bladsy 23 Ds Daniël de Kock, ‘n motiveringspreker, het met ‘n humoristiese en reguit aanslag daarop aangedring dat mense nie negatiewe dinge oor hulself uitspreek nie. Hou op om dinge te doen om ander mense te beïndruk – jy maak jouself moeg. Van Agri SA was Johannes Möller (president), Omri van Zyl (uitvoerende direkteur) en Ernest Pringle (voorsitter van die landbou-ontwikkelingskomitee) ook teenwoordig. Pringle het die realiteite van grond­ hervorming bespreek en vrese vir grond­ besetting beklemtoon. Data toon dat meer grond deur die vryemark (privaat) verkoop word as deur die regering se meganismes. Sy afleiding is dat die “willing buyer-willing seller”-beginsel vir grondhervorming werk. Daar is ook ‘n kongresbesluit geneem om Agri SA se regsfonds finansieel te ondersteun. Hierdie fonds sal gebruik word om die lede se belange en eiendom in die hof te verdedig.

BESKRYWINGSPUNTE Beskrywingspunt 1: (Klaassmits LV) Kongres versoek die dringende wysiging van die Nasionale Wet op Veld- en Bosbrande om die toepassing daarvan, in die praktyk,

haalbaar te maak. Beskrywingspunt 2: (Jansenville LV) kongres bespreek die daarstel van ‘n werkbare protocol vir mynbou-aansoeke op landbougrond op plaaslike, provinsiale en nasionale vlakke. Beskrywingspunt 3: (Visrivier LV) Kongres bespreek ‘n professionele organisatoriese struktuur vir ‘n gemoderniseerde Agri Oos-Kaap.

INFORMELE Toyota Jongboer-wenner Stefan Eramus, Yolandi Erasmus en FUNKSIE Ricky Pillay van Toyota SA Tydens die funksie is Hy boer op die plaas Beskuitfontein tussen die provinsiale wenner Middelburg en Noupoort. van die gewilde Toyota Jongboer van die Vir meer inligting en foto’s van Jaar-kompetisie deur Ricky Pillay, bestuurder kongres, besoek asseblief ons webtuiste van verkope en sake by Toyota Suid-Afrika, (www.agriec.co.za) en ons Facebook-blad aangekondig. Vanjaar se wenner is die jong (Agri Eastern Cape). Stefan Erasmus, ‘n 33-jarige veeprodusent.

Adrie dra twee gesogte toekennings weg As jy nie vir Adrie Kitshoff-Botha agter haar lessenaar aan die stuur van Wild Suid-Afrika vind nie, mag jy haar maklik met ’n BRNO 30-06 oor die skouer in die veld aantref. Dié formidabele vrou is hoofbestuurder van Wild Suid-Afrika en ook ’n kranige jagter en spog deesdae met twee prestige-toekennings wat sy onlangs ontvang het.

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EO Global is ’n organisasie wat die wêreld se invloedrykste vroue in verskeie dissiplines in 23 kategorieë vereer. Dis sluit alles van besigheid tot regeringsorganisasies in. Adrie is eers as Suid-Afrika se wenner in die landbouafdeling vereer en daarna is sy as die wenner van die Sadec-streek aangewys. Sy ding in November mee vir die algehele Afrika-wenner. Wenners word in nege streke aangewys. Die beoordeling is omvattende proses en sluit ook ’n onderhoud in. “Ek weet nie wie my genomineer het nie en die toekennings was ’n algehele verrassing. Daar is soveel sterk vroue in Suid-Afrika se landbousektor asook in die Sadec-streek en ek voel erg nederig en dankbaar hieroor.” Sy sê sy is veral ook dankbaar dat die wildbedryf die erkenning kry en as volwaardige rolspeler in die landbousektor deur die beoordelaars beskou is. Adrie is in Vereeniging gebore, maar het haar eerste skooljare in Heidelberg, Gauteng, deurgebring en later op Molteno

in die Oos-Kaap. Haar hoërskooljare was op Warrenton en in Kimberley in die Noord-Kaap. Ná ‘n sekretariële kursus aan die destydse Technikon Pretoria, het sy onder meer by ’n prokureursonderneming en vir die parlementêre afdeling van die destydse SAS & Hawens gewerk. Hendrik Schoeman was destyds die minister van vervoer. In 2001 het haar eerste tree in die wildbedryf begin by die KwaZulu-Natal se Jagters- en Bewaringsvereniging, waarvan sy in 2009 uitvoerende hoof geword het. Daarna het sy by die Jagterskonfederasie (Chasa) gewerk. In 2010 het die Professionele Jagtersvereniging van SuidAfrika gevolg en in 2015 is sy in haar huidige pos aangestel. “Ek was vir die afgelope 16 jaar altyd by die een of ander regeringsforum betrokke,” sê sy. Adrie sê sy is die enigste persoon wat ’n bestuursposisie in die jagbedryf, die internasionale jagbedryf en plaaslike wildboergeledere beklee het. Benewens haar passie vir die wildbedryf hou sy van musiek, lees en stap. Sy en haar

Adrie en haar man Michael by die oorhandiging

man het twee “kitskinders” uit ’n vorige huwelik en ’n seun en ’n dogter. Sy is ook die trotse ouma van vier kleinkinders, ’n rol wat sy terdeë geniet, sê Adrie. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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More Agri SA expertise…

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ahni de Villiers joined Agri SA as head of labour and training on 3 July 2017. She holds an LL.B degree from the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University and is currently studying towards an LL.M degree in discrimination law. Jahni brings special knowledge and in-depth experience of labour relations, industrial relations and the CCMA to Agri SA and is looking forward to using this expertise to the advantage of Agri SA’s members. Jahni describes herself as a negotiator at heart. “I pride myself on being able to handle change and help others to handle change too. “When the opportunity arose at Agri SA, I prayed My more than 11 years at Solidarity about it before doing anything. The key for me taught me flexibility, and the importance of doing meaningful has always been whether I will be able to make

a difference in someone’s life; otherwise work becomes pointless. At Agri SA I saw the opportunity to grow as a person by working in a sector that I have had limited exposure to, as well as the chance to bring my labour relations knowledge and skills into a space where I can be a part of something bigger than myself.”

work,” she says. “I believe that harmonious labour relations are a key driver of social cohesion, and ultimately a better functioning society. By doing my part and working hard, I hope to build a better South Africa for my children,” Jahni concludes.

Jahni de Villiers

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ietman Roos joined Agri SA on 1 August as head of value chain development. He will oversee the functioning of the commodity chamber, building on the commodities’ special and unique needs as a grouping, but also as individual members. He will also further build and grow Agri SA’s corporate membership base, and manage these relationships to the advantage of farmers and the agricultural value chain. His qualifications include a B.Com Law degree at the University of Pretoria (UP), B.Com (Hons) Econometrics (UP), LLB (UP), as well as successfully passing the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) Institute Level “I have dealt with Agri SA 1 exam. He is currently studying towards an LLM degree in numerous times over the course constitutional and administrative law. of my career in advocacy, policy According to Pietman, agriculture presents amazing research and on both sides of opportunities to grow an inclusive and prosperous South the media table, and have been Africa in a sustainable way. “To become part of this process is really exciting,” he says. impressed by the quality of the “Similarly, South Africa is a maturing country that still work, the corps of experts and presents significant challenges. The current instability, ultimately the support it provides particularly within agriculture, requires a professional to its membership. I look forward organisation that is fully capable of representing the needs to joining this winning team.” of farmers and large operators across the value chain. I believe Agri SA is already leading the way in this regard.”

Pietman Roos

D

r Requier Wait joined the Agri SA team as head of trade and commerce on 1 September 2017. We are excited about the extensive economic experience he will bring to head the economic business unit at Agri SA. He has a strong understanding of economics issues in oil and gas from his PhD, as well as government policy and economic impact analysis. His research includes upstream licencing and tax policy, fiscal policy and revenue management, the economic impact of developing South Africa’s shale gas reserves and the governance of the shale gas industry. Dr Wait has a doctorate “I look forward to joining from the North-West University and his qualifications include a MCom the Agri SA team in (Economics): Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU), BCom our mission to promote Honours (Economics): NMMU and BCom (Economics & Accounting): NMMU. “I enjoy doing applied research with clear and practical applications. I strongly believe in lifelong learning and building quality relationships through our day-to-day interactions with those around us. “Joining Agri SA is a perfect opportunity to live out these values in my daily work. I am excited and look forward to making a difference by applying my economics background to the commercial and policy issues facing the industry,” Requier says.

the development of commercial agriculture in South Africa. The sustainability and stability of agriculture is crucial to South Africa’s future prosperity.”

Dr Requier Wait

agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Nasionale minimumloon: Wie, waar, hoekom en hoe? JAHNI DE VILLIERS, HOOF: ARBEID EN TRANSFORMASIE

Die Nasionale Minimumloonwetsontwerp sowel as die Nedlacooreenkoms blyk ’n groot bron van kommer te wees in die landbousektor. Dié artikel lig die belangrikste aspekte van beide uit. Die teikendatum is 1 Mei 2018

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ie teikendatum van 1 Mei aanstaande jaar word in die Nedlac-ooreenkoms aangedui en dit beteken dat die regering nasionale wetgewing tussen nou (Augustus 2017) en die teikendatum (1 Mei 2018) wil promulgeer en implementeer. Gegewe dat die wetsontwerp waarskynlik hewig by Nedlac gedebatteer gaan word en daarna nog deur parlementêre prosesse moet gaan voor goedkeuring, is die tydsraamwerk besonder kort. Nietemin sal Agri SA voortgaan om deel te neem aan die proses en seker maak dat die belange van die landbousektor beskerm word. Deur Busa lewer Agri SA kommentaar op die wetsontwerp en word daar seker gemaak dat die wetsontwerp binne die bestaande arbeidswetgewing inpas.

Die voorgestelde minimumloon is R20 per uur Die ooreenkoms meld twee uitsonderings: Huiswerkers kwalifiseer vir 75% van die minimumloon (R15 per uur), en werkers in die landbousektor vir 90% van die minimumloon (R18 per uur). Hierdie uitsondering is soortgelyk aan internasionale tendense, waar werkers in hierdie twee sektore normaalweg ’n persentasie van die totale minimumloon betaal word, of heeltemal uit so ’n ooreenkoms gelaat word. In die Suid-Afrikaanse konteks, met sy hoë werkloosheidsyfer, bly die vraag of ons die werkloosheidskoers wil vererger, of meer mense toegang wil gee tot werk – teen laer betaling. Die regering sal nie hele sektore toelaat om nie die minimumloon te betaal nie, maar het besluit dat ’n nasionale kommissie vir minimumlone tot stand gebring moet word wat spesifiek navorsing sal doen om die vlak van die minimumloon te bepaal en ook metodes om die betaling van die minimumloon te beloon, sal ondersoek. Die huidige minimumloon, soos bepaal in die landbou-sektorale vasstelling, is R15,39 (Maart 2017 tot Februarie 2018). In Maart

2018 sal dit verhoog na R15,39 + VPI (5,5% geskat) + 1% = R16,39 (Maart 2018 – Februarie 2019). Dit bring die minimumloon volgens sektorale vasstelling na R1,61 per uur minder as die nasionale minimumloon, wat van 1 Mei 2018 af van toepassing sal wees. Die Nasionale Minimumloon is van toepassing op die volgende kategorieë werkers: 1. Voltydse werkers; en 2. Deeltydse werkers. Die nasionale minimumloon tref nie onder­ skeid wat gebied betref, soos die sektorale vasstellings soms doen nie. Die nasionale minimumloon word aan werkers betaal vir ure gewerk en sluit bonusse en ander voordele uit. Aftrekkings ingevolge artikel 34 van die Wet op Basiese Diensvoorwaardes word toegelaat, met die instemming van die werker. Dit is belangrik om te onthou dat dit die werkgewer se verantwoordelikheid is om produktiwiteit te bestuur, en dat dit meer en meer belangrik gaan word om die produksie van werkers korrek te bestuur namate arbeidskoste verhoog. Die doelwit is om huiswerkers en werkers in die landbousektor binne twee jaar op dieselfde vlak te betaal as werkers in ander sektore. Dit sal onderhewig wees aan die navorsing wat deur die Nasionale Minimumloon-kommissie gedoen sal word.

Die nasionale minimumloon is onderhewig aan dieselfde kwytskelding- (exemption) proses as die huidige sektorale vasstelings Volgens die huidige vasstellings mag werkgewers ingevolge artikel 50 van die Wet op Basiese Diensvoorwaardes aansoek doen om kwytskelding. Dieselfde proses sal met die nasionale minimumloon gedoen

word maar die aansoeke moet binne 30 dae gehanteer word.

Werkgewers mag nie diens­ voorwaardes wysig as gevolg van die nasionale minimumloon nie Volgens die Nedlac-ooreenkoms sal geen werkgewer toegelaat word om eensydige veranderinge aan diensvoorwaardes, soos werksure, te maak as gevolg van die implementering van die nasionale minimumloon nie. Deur dit te doen, sal ’n werkgewer hom skuldig maak aan nie-nakoming (non-compliance), en/of ’n onbillike arbeidspraktyk. Afleggings as gevolg van die implementering van die nasionale minimumloon kan werkgewers blootstel aan nie-nakoming- of onbillike ontslag-sake. Die regering het aangedui dat werkgewers bygestaan sal word om die nasionale minimumloon aan werkers te kan betaal. Die bystandmetode sal bepaal word deur die navorsing wat die Nasionale Minimum­loon-kommissie sal moet doen.

Ten slotte ’n Minimumloon is nie ’n vreemde konsep vir die landbousektor nie, aangesien die sektor se arbeidskoste reeds sedert 2003 deur sektorale vasstellings bepaal word. Hierdie sektorale vasstellings word grootliks nagekom, veral in Gauteng en die WesKaap, met die kwytskeldingproses wat nog altyd ’n opsie is vir werkgewers wat nie die minimumloon kan bekostig nie. Agri SA moedig nakoming van die nasionale minimumloon aan en sal elke geleentheid benut om die wetlike proses te beïnvloed om te verseker dat werkgewers in staat gestel sal word om werkers volgens die loonbepalings te betaal, en sodoende groei en voorspoed in die landbousektor te fasiliteer. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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STRATEGIESE LANDBOUVENNOOTSKAPPE Agri SA en die Agri Securitas Trustfonds het strategiese vennootskappe met die privaatsektor gesluit tot voordeel van lede van die landbousektor. Dié ondernemings maak finansiële bydraes tot Agri SA en die Trustfonds se werksaamhede.

STRATEGIC AGRICULTURAL PARTNERSHIPS Agri SA and the Agri Securitas Trust Fund have concluded strategic partnerships with the private sector to the benefit of members of the agricultural sector. These businesses make a financial contribution to Agri SA and the Trust Fund’s activities. Nissan SA Nissan SA is by die Agri Securitas Trustfonds betrokke en dra by tot die fonds se landelike beveiligingsprojekte. Gebruik die vlootkode, F14911, by u handelaar wanneer ‘n Nissan-voertuig aangekoop word, sodat Nissan SA sy bydrae tot die Trustfonds kan maak. Besoek www.nissan.co.za. l Nissan SA is involved with the Agri Securitas Trust Fund and contributes to the Fund’s rural safety projects. Use the fleet code, F14911, when you visit your dealer to purchase a Nissan vehicle so that Nissan SA can make its contribution to the Trust Fund. Visit www.nissan.co.za.

T&E FinOps Dié maatskappy het die gesinsbeskermingsplan in samewerking met Agri SA ontwikkel, waarin onder meer voorsiening gemaak word vir dood, ongeskiktheid, trauma, hospitaalkontant en passiewe oorlogvoeringvoordele. Kontak Tiens Theron, 082 386 1593. l The company has developed a family protection plan in collaboration with Agri SA which, among other things, makes provision for death, disability, trauma, hospital cash and passive-war benefits. Contact Tiens Theron, 082 386 1593.

CrisisOnCall CrisisOnCall beskik deur middel van verskeie diensverskaffers oor die infrastruktuur om mediese hulp, reismonitering, padbystand en vele meer, aan lede regdeur die land te bied. Kontak deur te sms, coc Agri SA na 33282. l CrisisOnCall, via its various service providers, has the necessary infrastructure to provide medical assistance, travel monitoring, roadside assistance and many other services to members throughout the country. To contact CrisisOnCall, send an sms, coc Agri SA to 33282.

Sonfin Dié maatskappy spesialiseer in groenkragoplossings en bied doelgemaakte oplossings aan kliënte wat in hulle eie kragbehoeftes wil voorsien. Kontak Chris Schutte met verwysing AgriSec/Sonfin, 087 751 1216. l The company specialises in green energy solutions and can offer custom-made solutions to clients who wish to meet their own energy needs. Contact Chris Schutte, 087 751 1216, and use AgriSec/Sonfin as reference.

AliSom Die ooreenkoms met Vodacom bied deur die maatskappy se “fulfilment partners”, soos AliSom, die landbou toegang tot moderne tegno­logiese oplossings op die sellulêre, satelliet- en dataplatforms. Kontak Niandre, 082 389 5169 of e-pos ebuadmin@alisom.co.za l The agreement with Vodacom offers through the company’s “fulfilment partners”, such as AliSom, members of the agriculture sector, access to modern technological solutions on cellular, satellite and data platforms. Contact Niandre, 082 389 5169 or email ebuadmin@alisom.co.za.

Sanlam Sanlam maak deur die Agri Securitas Trustfonds ‘n bydrae tot Agri SA se Transformasie Kommunikasie, waardeur gepoog word om die beeld van kommersiële landbou te bevorder. Besoek www.sanlam.co.za. l Sanlam, via the Agri Securitas Trust Fund, makes a contribution to Agri SA’s Transformation Communication, which strives to promote the image of commercial agriculture. Visit www.sanlam.co.za.

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Partnership with The WesBank Fund will improve communal livelihoods The Utloanang community in Mount Fletcher of the Joe Gqabi district is the proud owner of a brand new shearing shed that was handed over on 23 June 2017.

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tloanang was selected to benefit from this initiative as they showed commitment and grit in the good quality wool they produced and prepared for the market from a corrugated iron structure as well as their keen involvement with the wool sheep development project run by the National Wool Growers’ Association (NWGA). Agri SA, in collaboration with The WesBank Fund, a committe of the FirstRand Foundation and Tshikululu Social Investments, agreed to support the NWGA’s efforts to improve the farming environment of communities in the extensive communal areas of the Eastern Cape. As the development of new strategic partners was one of the key focus areas of Agri SA during 2016, the NWGA as affiliate was identified and The WesBank Fund and Tshikululu was approached for the funding of the R1 million project. The shearing shed came with a complete range of equipment necessary for the wool harvesting process and included a wool sorting table, piece picking table, wool bins and baskets, a single base mechanical wool press, wool scales and 12 hand shears. The shed also has dipping and handling facilities to assist these producers with their sheep management, especially during shearing season. In order for farmers to properly prepare their wool for the commercial market, the project provided for demonstration and training in the proper care and use of infrastructure and equipment, sheep selection, wool classing and marketing. Ten members of the community will also be selected for training in sheep shearing during the coming shearing season. This course will be conducted by the NWGA shearer training section, which is accredited by AgriSETA. In order to improve the quality of wool produced in the surrounding areas of Mount Fletcher, 40 home grown rams were removed from communal flocks and replaced by 40 quality rams. These rams are bred and selected for the farming conditions of the Joe Gqabi district. Twenty of these rams will remain with the Utloanang community and the remainder was introduced to the neighbouring Bethania district.

During the most recent EC Communal Flock competition, Mount Fletcher produced the most winners in all the categories with confident first and second places by Messrs

Napoleon Lehlohla and T Duba in all the categories. A lamb from 2015 winner Napoleon Lehlohla was scored by the judges as the highest in quality and the overall award was presented to Mr Duba, who produced the best ram. These performances are further proof of Mount Fletcher producers’ commitment to improve their wool sheep enterprise. The project allocated additional funds for shearing equipment to be allocated to deserving wool producing communities from the district. The NWGA is convinced that the support provided through this project and partnerships will contribute towards improved household income and livelihoods of these communities in the most rural and extensive farming areas of Eastern Cape. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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agri Promosie/Promotional

Dié produk verhoog jou winsgrens Regalis®, die AgCelence®-oplossing vir appels, verhoog produsente se klas 1-produksie Een van die belangrikste doelwitte by vrugteproduksie is om die vegetatiewe groei en vrug-ontwikkeling in balans te bring. Regalis® lei tot beter vrugset en hoër opbrengs

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egalis®, met die aktiewe bestanddeel Prohexadione-Ca, is deur BASF geformuleer om oormatige lootgroei effektief te verminder. Dit bring mee dat die bome se energie op vrugproduksie toegespits kan word.

Regalis® toegedien op bome (links) verg minder somer- en wintersnoei a.g.v. die vermindering in lootgroei, in vergelyking met onbehandelde bome (regs).

Regalis® vrugte het ‘n beter kleur en is van hoë kwaliteit

WAT IS DIE VOORDELE VIR JOU? Gerieflike bestuur van jou boerderybedrywig­hede Minder somer- en wintersnoei • Vermindering van lootgroei met ’n 30%-80%-verkorting in lootlengte; • Intensiteit van somer- en wintersnoei word merkbaar verminder, wat dus jou arbeidskoste verlaag. Spuitvriendelike boom • Die internodes word verkort sonder verlies aan blare; • Minder afskerming van die binneste gedeeltes van die boom; • Plaagdoders kan gevolglik meer effektief gebruik word. Boomvorm • Met gerigte bespuitings kan die boom se vorm gemanipuleer word; • Oormatige lootgroei in spesifieke dele van die boom word geïnhibeer; • Verlaagde boomvolume bevorder vinniger

afdroging ná reën; • Verlaagde risiko van sonbrandskade op vrugte.

verlaag die risiko van bitterpit, brandvlek en ander vrugsiektes; • Minder probleme met afwisselende drag.

Betroubaarheid om die resultate te verseker

Gemoedsrus wanneer jy vrugte bemark

Beter vrugset en opbrengs • Meer energie is beskikbaar vir vrugontwikkeling; • Minder kleiner vrugte wat afgespeen word; • Beter vrugset lei tot hoër opbrengs; • Minder vegetatiewe groei laat meer kalsium toe vir ontwikkelende vrugte en dit

Verbeterde kleur van vrugte • Beter lig-indringing by Regalis®behandelde bome; • Vrugte aan die binnekant van die boom het beter kleur; • Meer vrugte van hoë kwaliteit word geoes. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Biotech/GM crops: What is the SA situation? South Africa planted its first biotech crops – insect-resistant cotton – 19 years ago in 1998. Insect-resistant maize and herbicide-tolerant soybean followed in 2000 and 2001 with herbicide-tolerant maize in 2003. In 2016 the country planted 2.66 million hectares of biotech crops comprising maize (2,16 million hectares), soybean (494 000 hectares) and cotton (9 000 hectares). This was a 16% increase from the reported biotech crop area of 2,29 million hectares in 2015. The average biotech crop adoption increased marginally to 91% in 2016. The total area planted with maize, soybean and cotton was 2,93 million hectares, a 15% increase from the last report in 2015.

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Weather he El Niño weather pattern persisted from 2015 through to November 2016, seriously damaging all agricultural sectors, water resources, grazing for livestock, raising food prices. A La Niña pattern developed later during December with good rainfall in most parts of the country, except the far western provinces. Promising outcomes include increased late planting of food crops and expected higher crop yields per hectare. Events approved Since 1998 the 70 events approved for planting in South Africa include five Argentine canola events, ten for cotton, 42 for maize, one rice event (for food), and 12 soybean events. 1. Biotech maize South Africa is set to harvest the biggest maize crop on record, estimated at 15,63 million tonnes. The average maize yield is estimated at 5,95 tonnes per hectare, which is also the highest ever. This is the highest national maize average in Africa. Maize is the main field crop in South Africa and is used for both human consumption (mainly white maize) and animal feed (mainly yellow maize). Biotech maize was planted on 2.16 million hectares at an adoption level of 90%, 22% higher than 2015. This hectarage comprised 19,5% (420 000 hectares) insect-tolerant, 18,9% (407 000 hectares) herbicide-tolerant and 61,7% (1,33 million hectares) of stacked IR/HT. Biotech white maize was planted on 52% (1,123 million hectares) of the total biotech maize, with yellow maize at 48%. Maize is the most critical staple food in South Africa and the South African Development Community (SADC) region. The severe drought hit food production very hard in this area. It became clear that South Africa will become a net importer of maize and early in 2016 indications were that some three million MT of commodity maize will have to be imported. The country needs 10,5 million tonnes to be produced annually but only 7,5 million tonnes were produced in the 2015 harvest season. The price of white maize escalated agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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to a peak of R5 500/MT (US$408), which prompted the government to intensify the issuance of import permits. Around 94,9% of the 628 permits were for white maize. New information on imported volumes and late rains showed higher than expected yields of crops on the field and more stocks available with US grain coming in, creating a possible surplus, and difficulties for local farmers as white maize prices went down to some R2 300/MT (US$170). Despite these setbacks, farmer confidence is returning and normalcy may return in early 2017. Hence, the latest estimate on the area of biotech maize planting showed a 22% increase of up to 2,16 million hectares.

WEMA project South Africa, in partnership with Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda is involved in the development and deployment of biotech maize under the Water Efficient Maize for Africa (WEMA) project. Maize varieties with stacked drought tolerance and insect resistance were approved in June 2015 but seeds will only be available in late 2017 to a limited number of smallholders. The official wide scale release to commercial

farms is planned for 2018. Maize production in South Africa indicates the long term trend of producing more maize on less area with the use of more efficient and effective farming methods and practices. These are accompanied by the use of less marginal land in the maize production systems, better seed cultivars and the adoption of biotechnology. With biotechnology, yield of maize doubled over the past 20 years in South Africa (USDA, Agribiotechnology Annual for South Africa, 2016).

2. Biotech soybean Soybean has been planted in South Africa since 2001 and in 2016 it was planted on 520 000 hectares, a 3% decrease (15 000 hectares) from 535 000 hectares planted in 2015 due to drought. Biotech soybean was planted on 494 000 hectares, 95% of the total soybean area. Experts believe that the increasing trend in soybean hectarage before the onset of drought in 2015/16 will continue due to the demand created by the growing investments in the oilseed processing industry in the country. The USDA post estimates that >>> page 43


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Verspoelde lande en toe ’n kragtoer As jy lank genoeg tjoepstil staan, kon jy vanjaar sommer hóór hoe die mielies op Anton en Alfred Nebe se plaas buite Potchefstroom groei. PAN 5R-791BR en BG 5785BR, het by Nebe Boerdery presteer ten spyte van groot reën wat lande oorspoel het.

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ns het ’n goeie seisoen gehad, maar daar was op twee geleenthede té veel reën wat op een slag geval het,”

sê Alfred Nebe. “Gedurende die eerste deel van die seisoen het ons op een slag 150 mm en op ’n ander keer 110 mm reën gekry. Ons het loging op die lande ervaar en ook bietjie hael. Steeds het PAN 5R-791BR homself deur moeilike tye bewys. Hy is ’n sterk groeier en het in die regte stadium in die saad gekom, goed bestuif en die koppe is vól.” Sy pa, Anton, is net so beïndruk met Pannar se witmieliepakket. “Die mielies was onder water en toe die water sak het hierdie lande soos ’n plat sandveld gelyk. Selfs dít kon die jong mielieplantjies nie onderkry nie, en die meerderheid het deurgedruk.” Alfred het PAN 5R-791BR teen 32 000 plante per hektaar geplant en uiteindelik 9,4 t/ha gestroop. “Ons het ’n hoë plantestand (rywydte 91 cm) gebruik omdat ons ’n opbrengs van 10 ton/ha gejaag het. Ná die vreeslik baie reën was daar wel bietjie spoelskade op hierdie onderste lande en sit ons nou met ’n effektiewe plantestand wat nader is aan 28 000 plante per hektaar. As hierdie ’n pieperige mielie was, het ons alles verloor en sou ons moes oorplant,” sê hy. BG 5785BR EN NUWE PAN 5R-791BR Nebe Boerdery het die afgelope seisoen Pannar se witmielies weer ingespan, gegrond op goeie prestasie in vorige jare. Pannar Saad se witmieliepakket vir

Anton Nebe en sy seun Alfred spog met twee mielietweelinge van die meerkoppige PAN 5R-791BR. Regs is die trotse “peetpa”, Stephan le Roux, verkoopsverteenwoordiger van Pannar.

droëland in die westelike produksiestreek bestaan uit ’n uitstekende medium-vinnige reeks basters. Die pakket beskik oor goeie prestasie, aanpasbaarheid en stabiliteit vir goeie risikobestuur. BG 5785BR val in die medium-vinnige groeiklas in die droëland-witbasterpakket. Hierdie Biogene®-baster beskik oor goeie stabiliteit en is sterk meerkoppig. Dit word veral in die westelike produksieareas as deel van die hoofaanplanting aanbeveel en is ook goed aangepas vir die oostelike produksiestreek. Die baster is ’n aantreklike planttipe met goeie agronomiese balans en toleransie teen kop- en pluimbrand sowel as noordelike blaarskroei. PAN 5R-791BR is nuut op die rak en is ’n enkelstammige, meerkoppige baster. In die reeks is dit die baster wat die sterkste meerkoppig is,” sê Stephan le Roux, Pannarverkoops­ verteen­woor­ di­ger in die Vereeniging- en Potchefstroomomgewing. Hierdie baster is goed aangepas op sandgronde

PAN 5R-791BR met twee of selfs drie ordentlike koppe per plant.

en word as deel van die hoofaanplanting aanbeveel. NUWE BASTER BEWYS HOMSELF “Ons stel graag nuwe tegnologie op die proef. Ons het goeie dinge van PAN 5R-791BR gehoor en die proefresultate gesien, sê Alfred. “Stephan het ons van hom vertel en die meerkoppigheid was ’n groot oorwegende faktor. Ek was boonop reeds baie tevrede met die ander Pannar-basters wat ons voorheen gebruik het.” Hy voeg by dat die mielie “wag” vir die regte omstandighede voordat hy in rat kom. “Dit is asof die mielie terughou as die omstandighede nie reg is nie en sodra die weer draai en gunstige omstandighede heers, kom hy vinnig in saad. Daarom sien ons hierdie mooi, vol mieliekoppe vandag,” sê Alfred. “Ek is nie altyd opgewonde oor nuwe kultivars nie,” sê Anton, “want ek wil maar eers sien of ’n nuwe mieliebaster homself hier by ons bewys. Maar vanjaar was ek uit die staanspoor baie beïndruk.” Anton sê PAN 5R-791BR het baie sterk wortelontwikkeling getoon en die plante staan hoog en dra goed. “Toe dit moeilik gegaan het met die stortreën, het die mielie nooit rêrig gelyk of hy sukkel nie en ons is baie tevrede. Dit lyk beslis of die navorsing wat Pannar oor hierdie baster gedoen het, in die kol is.” NAVRAE: Webwerf: www.pannar.com; tel. 033 413 9500 of Stephan le Roux by 078 612 4065 agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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uppe marketing A16206

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Maak staat op suksesvolle onkruidbeheer ... Met die regte kombinasie en gebruik van Roundup Ready®produkte. Suksesvolle onkruidbeheer in Roundup Ready®-mielies verg bloot die perfekte kombinasie van die regte produkte, soos Monsanto se Roundup PowerMAX®-produkte wat deel uitmaak van ’n onoortreflike onkruidbeheerprogram vir mielies.

Roundup PowerMAX®: • Is effektief as enkelproduk of in kombinasie met ander geregistreerde produkte; en • Waarborg gewasveiligheid. Vir effektiwiteit en gewasveiligheid, asook korrekte gebruik van die produk, verwys na die produketiket vir volledige gebruiksaanwysings. Slegs met die korrekte en verantwoordelike gebruik van Roundup PowerMAX®, het jy uitstekende beheer oor onkruide en sal jou mielies en jou wins groei.

Roundup PowerMAX® plaas jou in beheer. 011 790-8200 | www.monsanto.co.za Kliënte is welkom om ons op ons kliëntediens-telefoonnommer of e-posadres te kontak: 011 790-8200 of customercare.sa@monsanto.com Roundup PowerMAX® bevat glifosaat 540 g/ℓ. Versigtig. Reg. No. L7769 (Wet No. 36 van 1947). Gebruik onkruiddoders op ’n veilige manier. Lees altyd die etiket en produkinligting voor gebruik. Monsanto, Roundup Ready® en Roundup PowerMAX® is geregistreerde handelsmerke van Monsanto Technology LLC. Monsanto Suid-Afrika (Edms) Bpk, Posbus 69933, Bryanston, 2021.

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Important year for Biotech/GM Crops internationally The International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA) publishes the Annual Global Review of Biotech Crops Commercialisation or ISAAA Briefs. It is one of the most cited references in modern agri-biotechnology due to its credibility and accuracy. Since the adoption of biotech crops in 1996, ISAAA has remained the single most prominent source of this information.

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ast year, 2016, was momentous since for the first time, Nobel laureates released a statement in support of biotechnology and condemning critics in their stance against the technology and Golden Rice. The UN Food and Agriculture Organisation, International Food and Policy Research Institute, the G20 countries and other like-minded bodies, guided by 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Agriculture, have committed to eradicate hunger and malnutrition in 15 years or less. More importantly, the US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine published a review of 900 research studies on biotech crops since 1996 and found that genetically modified crops and conventionally bred crops show no difference in terms of probable risks to human health and the environment. Biotech crops have now had an unblemished record of safe use and consumption for over 20 years. Future generations can benefit from wide choices of biotech crops with improved traits for high yield and nutrition, as well as safe for food use and the environment.

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE 2016 ADOPTION OF BIOTECH CROPS: • Biotech crop planting in 2016 resumes high adoption at 185,1 million hectares worldwide. A year after the second decade of commercialisation of biotech/GM crops in 2016, 26 countries grew 185.1 million hectares of biotech crops – an increase of 5,4 million hectares or 3% from

179,7 million hectares in 2015. Except for the 2015 adoption, this is the 20th series of increases every single year; and notably 12 of the 20 years were double-digit growth rates.

Global area of Biotech crops Global hectarage of biotech crops has increased 110-fold from 1,7 million hectares in 1996 to 185,1 million hectares in 2016. This makes biotech crops the fastest adopted crop technology in recent times. An accumulated 2,1 billion hectares or 5,3 billion acres was achieved in 21 years (1996-2016) of biotech crop commercialisation. Global adoption rates The 185,1 million hectares of biotech crops were grown by 26 countries, of which 19 were developing and seven industrial countries. Developing countries grew 54% (99,6 million hectares) of the global biotech crop area compared to 46% (85,5 million hectares) for industrial countries. The four major biotech crops, soybean, maize, cotton and canola, in decreasing areas, were the most adopted biotech crops by 26 countries. The area planted to biotech soybean was the highest at 91,4 million hectares, which is 50% of the global hectarage of 185,1 million hectares for all biotech crops. Although the soybean area only showed a marginal decrease of 1% from 2015 (92,7 million hectares), the area is still substantial at 91,4 million hectares. Based on the global crop hectarage for individual crops, 78% of

soybean, 64% of cotton, 26% of maize and 24% of canola were biotech in 2016.

Biotech countries and mega countries Of the top five countries growing 91% of biotech crops, three are developing countries (Brazil, Argentina and India) and two are industrial (USA and Canada). USA led biotech crop planting in 2016 at 72,9 million hectares, followed by Brazil (49,1 million hectares), Argentina (23,8 million hectares), Canada (11,6 million hectares) and India (10,8 million hectares) for a total of 168,2 million hectares, 91% of the global hectarage. Ten countries in Latin America grew 80 million hectares of biotech crops Except for Chile and Costa Rica, which continuously plant biotech crops for export, biotech crop countries in Latin America grew biotech crops for food, feed and processing. Brazil obtained the highest increase of 11% or 4,9 million hectares of biotech crops in 2016 and occupied 27% of the global biotech crop area. Eight countries in Asia and the Pacific grew 18,6 million hectares of biotech crops Biotech crops planted in the eight biotech crop countries of Asia and the Pacific ranged from fibre (cotton), feed (maize and canola) and food (maize and eggplant). Adoption of these biotech crops varied in 2016: India and China’s biotech cotton planting were extremely affected by low global cotton prices, while Pakistan and Myanmar maintained their biotech cotton area. The area planted to biotech maize in the Philippines and Vietnam increased due to high demand for livestock and poultry feeds, as well as favourable weather conditions. In Australia, favourable weather conditions after two years of drought permitted increased planting of biotech cotton and canola. Four countries in the European Union continued to plant biotech maize at more than 136 000 hectares Four countries in the EU (28) continued to plant biotech maize (IR maize event MON 810). In 2016 they were Spain with 129 081 hectares, Portugal (7 069 hectares), Slovakia >>> page 43 agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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elke boer

FOKUS • FOCUS Voer en voeraanvullings, saad/Feed and feed additives, seed

wil graag meer pitte hê

Pioneer kultivars is nog altyd bekend vir die hoogste opbrengs. Nou is dié top genetika ook beskikbaar met Yieldgard Genuity.

PNR-NW-01

DIE SAAD VAN SUKSES Tel: +27 12 683 5700 | www.rsa.pioneer.co.za

© 2016 PHII. Die DuPont Ovaal Logo is ‘n geregistreerde handelsmerk van DuPont. ®, SM, TM Geregistreerde handelsmerke van Pioneer. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Yieldgard II® is ‘n geregistreerde handelsmerk en gelisensieer deur Monsanto Beperk.


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FOKUS • FOCUS Voer en voeraanvullings, saad/Feed and feed additives, seed

Plant- en bestuursbesluite met vroeë aanplantings PHILIP FOURIE, LANDOUKUNDIGE, DUPONT PIONEER

Min besluite oor mielieverbouing is so belangrik soos die plantaksie. Dit is die hoofstuk in die plant van mielies waaroor die produsent die grootste beheer het. Boere moet uiters belangrike bestuursbesluite hieroor neem.

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spekte soos klimaat, gewasrotasie, geografie, grond en kultivarkeuse is maar ‘n paar van die faktore wat jou besluite sal beïnvloed. Dit beïnvloed faktore soos planttyd, plantdiepte, plantpopulasie en rywydte. Swak besluitneming, of implimentering van besluite, kan ‘n groot nadelige effek hê op die uitkoms van die oes. Plantdatum is ‘n belangrike faktor, maar dis definitief nie die belangrikste nie. Vroeë aanplantings verseker dat die mielieplant meer vegetatiewe groei produseer voor en gedurende die warm somerdae en dat bestuiwing plaasvind voor die midsomerhitte en -droogte.

Doelwitte van plant Gegewe die verskillende plantopsies is dit soms maklik om die basiese beginsels van plant uit die oog te verloor. Meeste besluite word geneem om sekere agronomiese doelwitte te bereik, en om die doelwitte te herken, mag jou besluitneming vergemaklik. • Verseker ‘n uniforme stand. ‘n Goeie stand – plante wat gelyk opkom in genoegsame getalle met uniforme inryspasiëring, vorm die grondslag vir ‘n goeie oes. Grondtemperatuur, saadkwaliteit, plantdiepte, grondbewerking, is alles faktore wat ‘n goeie stand beïnvloed. • Gelyke opkoms

Oneweredige stand en plantontwikkeling gaan oor die kompetisie vir sonlig. Plante wat ná die tyd opkom, kompeteer vir kunsmis, water en sonlig. Die verlies in maksimum opbrengs sorg vir plante wat Fig. 2. Grondtemperatuurskommeling tussen 2 cm- en 8 cm-plantdiepte onderontwikkel, met geen of baie kleiner geplaasde saad het ‘n meer uniforme stand, koppe. Die plante wat sterker plante en baie meer gelyke opkoms tot later opkom, ontwikkel nooit ten volle nie. gevolg. As voorbeeld: Teen ‘n maksimum Variasie in grondtemperatuur word potensiële verwagte opbrengs van veroorsaak deur tipe en verspreiding 5,5t/ha teen R1 750/t en dan net 94% van van residu of reste op die oppervlakte, die potensiële maksimum opbrengs behaal, grondtekstuur en kleur, dreinering en verloor jy R577,50/ha bruto inkomste, of onegalige saaddiepte. 50l diesel wat jy kon koop! • Grondtemperatuur en plantdiepte

Grondtemperature tydens plant is ‘n kritiese komponent om goeie saailingvestiging te verseker; ongelukkig het grondtemperature direk ná plant ‘n groter invloed. Grondtemperatuur het die grootste invloed op jou besluitneming as om vroeg te plant ‘n oorweging is. Deur vroeg te plant, word addisionele stres op die saad en ontkiemende plant vir die eerste paar weke ná planting geplaas. Pioneerbesproeiingsprodukte besit Amerikaanse genetika wat geteel is om ongunstige koue, nat toestande beter te kan hanteer. In figuur 2 kan gesien word watter uitwerking daaglikse temperatuur op verskillende gronddieptes het. Indien die saad 8 cm diep geplant word, sal temperatuurskommelings in die dieper gronde baie minder wees, met Fig. 1. Die persentasie van maksimum potensiële opbrengs, gevolglike beter gelyke. indien opkoms oor ‘n tydperk plaasvind In figuur 2 was die Pioneer USA, in samewerking met Purdue wisseling in daaglikse temperature vir 2 cm Universiteit, het oor verskillende seisoene en plantdiepte 13,9°C, terwyl 8 cm plantdiepte ‘n proewe oor streke bewys dat mielieplante nie wisseling van slegs 6,5°C ondervind het tussen die volle potensiaal kan bereik indien opkoms die minimum en maksimum temperature. ongelyk of oor ‘n tydperk plaasvind nie. In Daarom word ‘n plantdiepte van tussen 6 cm figuur 1 kan gesien word dat, indien opkoms en 8 cm aanbeveel. oor ‘n tydperk van 10 dae voorkom, jy slegs As vroeë aanplantings ryp kry, sal die 94% van die land se potensiële maksimum dieper geplaasde saad nie onderhewig wees opbrengs kan verwag. aan uiterste koue skommelings nie. Dieper

• Koue temperature Die ontkieming van mielies is swak of baie stadig by grondtemperature laer as 10°C. Tussen 10°C tot 13°C vind ontkieming wel plaas, maar ontwikkeling is baie stadig en kan swamsiektes en/of grondinsekte ‘n nadelige effek op saailingvestiging hê. Vir goeie ontkieming en die ontwikkeling van ‘n sterk saailing moet dagtemperature bo 19°C wees en nagtemperature nie benede 13°C daal nie. Afhangend van watervoorsiening is die optimale groeitemperatuur vir ontkieming tussen 24°C tot 27°C. Hoe koeler die temperatuur is, hoe langer vat saad om te ontkiem en die koleoptiel om sy verskyning bo die grondoppervlakte te maak. ‘n Mielieplant ontwikkel volgens die akkumulasie van die gemiddelde dagtemperature gedurende sy lewensiklus. Die gemiddelde hoeveelheid hitte-eenhede wat nodig is vir die plant om te groei, word bepaal deur die gemiddeld te kry tussen die maksimum en minimum temperature minus 10°C. Onder 10°C (basistemperatuur) en bo 30°C maksimum vind geen ontwikkeling plaas nie. Vir ‘n mielieplantjie om deur die grondoppervlakte te breek, benodig dit in die omgewing van 115 HE vanaf planting. As grafiek 1 as voorbeeld gebruik word, kan dus gesien word dat as vroeg geplant word (15 Sept), het die plant slegs omtrent 7,2 HE per dag beskikbaar om te groei en ontwikkel, teenoor 10,3 HE as gedurende November geplant word. Dit verduidelik dus hoekom vroeër aanplantings baie meer vatbaar is vir >>> bladsy 43 agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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FOKUS • FOCUS Voer en voeraanvullings, saad/Feed and feed additives, seed

Grafiek 1: Die gemiddelde langtermyn-beskikbare hitte-eenhede vir Lichtenburg

voor-opkoms onkruiddoders, grondinseksade en koueskokke. Die plant bly vir langer tye en onder meer ongunstige toestande onder die grond. In die geval van besproeiing en vroeg plant, moet gepoog word dat die plantdag opgevolg word met ‘n periode

“Corkscrew”-skade as gevolg van koue weer gedurende die eerste paar dae ná plant

van 3-5 warmer dae . As geplant word en die temperature val tot onder 10°C, word imbibisieskade veroorsaak. Die algemeenste simptome hiervan is blare wat onder die grond oopmaak, “corkscrew”skade, en ‘n

beskadigde koleoptielpunt. • Saad- tot grondkontak Mieliesaad moet omtrent 30% van hulle eie gewig in vog opneem (imbibisie) voordat

Koleoptielskade as gevolg van koue weer gedurende koleoptielontwikkeling ná ontkieming

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oilseed pressing facilities.

there will be a 39% growth in the area planted with soybeans in 2016-2017 due to the added soybean crushing capacity and the increased affinity by farmers to use soybeans as a rotational crop with maize (USDA FAS GAIN Agribiotechnology South Africa 2016). The Oilseed Industry Office has been stimulating and supporting soybean adoption by way of new imported varieties, better use of Rhizobia and farming systems. The Industrial Development Council provided funding through the department of trade and industry to boost

3. Biotech cotton Cotton with insect resistance (Bt) has been planted in South Africa since 1998, and in 2016 there were 9 000 hectares planted to IR/HT cotton, a 25% decrease in planting due to drought and low global cotton price. All cotton is GM with Bt-Bt stack and glyphosate tolerance. It is expected that cotton prices will increase as global prices stabilise, leading to increased prospects for cotton in the 2017-2018 season.

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and Egypt, only South Africa and Sudan planted biotech crops at 2,8 million hectares. South Africa is one of the top ten countries planting more than one million hectares in 2016 and continued to lead the adoption of biotech crops on the African continent. Biotech maize, soybean and cotton areas increased to 2,66 million hectares in 2016, a 16% increase from the 2,29 million hectares in 2015.

(138 hectares) and the Czech Republic (75 hectares) for a total of 136 363 hectares. Thus, a significant difference of 19 493 hectares or 17% increase from 116 870 in 2015 was achieved. The more than 95% of the total biotech maize in the EU was planted in Spain.

On the African continent South Africa and Sudan had increased planting of biotech crops By 2016 at least four countries had in the past placed a GM crop in the market – Burkina Faso, Egypt, South Africa and Sudan. However, due to a temporary setback in Burkina Faso

Economic benefits It is estimated that the economic gains from

Contribution of biotech crops to food security, sustainability and climate change Biotech crops contributed to food security, sustainability and climate change by: • Increasing crop productivity - 574 million

ontkieming kan plaasvind. Grond direk om die saad moet ferm wees om vog vining en uniform op te neem. Oneweredige ontkieming vind gewoonlik plaas indien die saad in kontak is met klonte of reste in die plantvoor weens te droë bewerking, te vinnig werk of te nat werk. As in te nat grond geplant word, is daar ‘n verlies in grond- tot saadkontak, die plantvoor wat nie toemaak nie en ook kompaksie (smeer) van die plantvoor.

Samevatting Planttyd hoef nie noodwendig uitgestel te word as gevolg van lae grondtemperature nie, omdat daaglikse grondtemperature geweldig wissel, selfs in die optimale planttyd. Onder koue toestande ontkiem die plante wel stadiger, met gevolglike hoër risiko’s tydens die periode, daarom is plantdiepte so belangrik. Die behoefte aan goeie saad- tot grondkontak bepaal die plantdiepte en bevoordeel uniforme ontkieming en opkoms. Plant “singulation” en plantestand moet nie met mekaar verwar word nie! “Singulation” verwys slegs na die manier wat die meter die saadpit vanaf die plaat verwyder en dit dan in die saadpyp laat afval. Spoed, diepte, grondbewerking en goeie saad-tot-grond-interaksie is veel belangriker as “plant singulation”. biotech crops for South Africa for the period 1998 to 2015 was US$2,1 billion and US$237 million for 2015 alone (Brookes and Barfoot, 2017, Forthcoming). Biotechnology continues to be a good investment for millions of farmers all over the world. In 2015, for each extra dollar invested in biotech crop seeds globally, farmers netted an average $3,45. In developing countries farmers received $5,15 for each extra dollar invested in biotech crop seeds, whereas farmers in developed countries received $2,76 for each extra dollar invested in biotech crop seeds. tons valued at US$167.8 billion in 19962015; and 75 million tons valued at US$15,4 billion in 2015 alone; • Conserving biodiversity in 1996 to 2015 by saving 174 million hectares, and 19,4 million hectares in 2015 alone; • Providing a better environment by saving 620 million kg active ingredient (a. i.) of pesticides in 1996-2015, and by 37,4 million kg in 2015 alone. Finally, biotech crops are here to stay and will continue benefiting the ever-growing population with new biotech crops and traits to cater to the needs of farmers and consumers alike. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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FOKUS â&#x20AC;˘ FOCUS Voer en voeraanvullings, saad/Feed and feed additives, seed

Top class extruders, hammer mills and feed plants Quadro Alloys Trading Enterprise is a company specialising in the manufacture and design of extruders, hammer mills, feed plants and other related fabrication of equipment servicing the African and international market in the food and agricultural sector.

F

ood extrusion is a form of extrusion used in food processing. It is a process by which a set of mixed ingredients are forced through an opening in a perforated plate or die with a design specific to the food, and is then cut to a specified size by blades. The extruder consists of a large, rotating screw tightly fitting within a stationary barrel, at the end of which is the die. Food products manufactured using extrusion usually include some pasta, breads (croutons, bread sticks and flat breads), many breakfast cereals and ready-to-eat snacks, confectionery, pre-made cookie dough, some baby foods, full-fat soy, textured vegetable protein, some beverages, and dry and semimoist pet foods. Extrusion in particular is a processing process used in the food and agricultural sector that is particularly suitable for Africa as it is a relatively inexpensive, energy-efficient and easily operated method to produce a wide range of animal feeds, including fish food, pet food, horse and ruminant

animals, chicken and pig feed and our latest development for the processing of crocodile feed.

Extrusion is also environmentally friendly as it produces minimal waste products. There are also multiple other applications in extrusion technology that include quality food for the hungry, saving energy through pre-cooking foods, as well as job creation through establishing new food manufacturing plants. Quadro Alloys Trading Enterprise was established in 2007 with our premises located in the East Rand of Johannesburg. This dedicated and experienced team is able to provide specialised design to cater for your specific business needs from the larger industrial and agricultural sector as well as for the small emerging farmer. Each project is produced with quality workmanship in the shortest turn around time possible with guaranteed results and output projection. To ensure that our designs work at their optimal level full on-site commissioning of feed plants is provided as well as ongoing maintenance, on-site support and the manufacture and supply of spares and accessories.

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FOKUS • FOCUS Voer en voeraanvullings, saad/Feed and feed additives, seed

“Die sleutel tot sukses, - oorgedra van een generasie na die volgende.”

Linde du Plessis 2012 Nasionale Beesboer van die Jaar

VOERMOL SUPERMOL • Geen vermenging met graan is nodig op groenweiding nie • Uitstekende prikkellek vir verse en koeie • Eenvoudig, prakties en winsgewend • Bevorder vrugbaarheid van koeie en eerste-kalf koeie • Met Supermol is 'n daaglikse toename van tot 1.2 kg per dier per dag op groenweidings moontlik • Verseker dat vervangingsverse goed uitgroei en teikenmassas bereik

www.voermol.co.za Voermol Supermol, Regnr. V7267, (Wet 36/1947). Registrasiehouer: Voermol Voere (Edms) Bpk. Posbus 13, Maidstone, 4380.

Vir meer inligting skakel 083 456 3636 of stuur 'n e-pos aan info@voermol.co.za agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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FOKUS • FOCUS Voer en voeraanvullings, saad/Feed and feed additives, seed

GSI

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FOKUS • FOCUS Voer en voeraanvullings, saad/Feed and feed additives, seed

Gee beeste vars voer – Laat hulle wei! Die topverskaffer van beesvleis ter wêreld is Brasilië, en dié land het dit vermag deur hulle diere in goeiegehalteweiding te te laat wei.

M

arangatú is Brasiliaanse weidingsaad wat afkomstig is van saadsoorte wat hulle 49 jaar gelede vanuit Afrika begin versamel het. Eerste was Panicum Maximum, ‘n tropiese voergras wat in Oos-Afrika versamel is, asook Bracharia Brizanthe cv Marandu vanaf Zimbabwe. Die beste eienskappe van die variëteite

is gebruik om die genetika van Brasiliaanse grassaad te verbeter. “Die gemiddelde Suid-Afrikaanse boer glo dat ten minste 3 hektaar per grootvee-eenheid (GVE) benodig word om oorbeweiding te voorkom. Hul Brasiliaanse eweknieë pas ‘n totaal ander filosofie toe – hulle glo dat enigiets minder as drie beeste per hektaar gemiddeld is,” sê Jo Haden Smith van Marangatú SA. Dit word vermag deur ‘n aantal faktore, insluitend weidingverskeidenheid, grondtemperatuur en -gehalte, reënval en besproeiing, asook weidingbestuur. Min boere in Brasilië sny en baal wintervoer. Hulle is van mening dat beeste na die voer geneem moet word, nie andersom nie. Hulle behaal hoë produksieuitsette deur wisselweiding toe te pas op weivelde aangeplant met groeikragtige Panicum-saad wat verbeter is deur Marangatú Sementes, die grootste uitvoerder van

Brasiliaanse weidingsaad. Marangatú SA, ‘n gevestigde verskaffer van weigrassade aan die plaaslike mark, is die uitsluitlike agent van hierdie gesogte handelsnaam. Kontak Jo Haden Smith (082 552 3917 of per e-pos: jo@marangatu. co.za) of Frikkie Combrink (073 070 8545 of e-pos: info@marangatu.co.za).

VOER ONS VARS

DIS TYD OM WEIGRAS TE PLANT BESTEL DUS NOU ONS KOS VIR DIE REËNSEISOEN! • Marangatú is Brasilië se voorste saadverskaffer • Hulle het ’n bewese rekord in Afrika • Hulle grasvariëteite word aanbeveel vir intensiewe weigrasverbouïng • Marangatú is ideaal for Beeste, Skape en Perde

KONTAK: Jo Haden Smith: 082 552 3917 E-pos: jo@marangatu.co.za info@marangatu.co.za Webwerf: www.marangatu.co.za agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

5077 ZMSA FAgrisa Aug/Sept’17 ½ Pg.

WEIGRAS!

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Ons geakkrediteerde laboratoriums en produksie-aanlegte stel ons in staat om aan ons boere gehalte produkte te verskaf, wat aan streng standaarde voldoen en wat deur navorsing en toonaangewende tegnologie ondersteun word. Dit beteken dat ons saam met ons boere verskeie kwessies soos presisieboerdery, waterverbruik en meer doeltreffende produksieprosesse kan aanspreek. Ons moderne tegnologie is die fondasie van ons omvattende dienslewering wat grondmonsters, ontledings, plantvoedingsvoorstelle, aksie en monitering insluit en sodoende opbrengs verhoog.

LANDBOUKUNDIGES

NAVORSING & ONTWIKKELING

TEGNOLOGIE MAAK SAAK. Gesels met een van ons landboukundiges oor jou spesifieke benodighede, kontak 011 709 8778 / 011 709 8916 of besoek www.fertilizer.co.za agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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LABORATORIUMS

OMNIPRESIES®

TEGNOLOGIE


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FOKUS • FOCUS Voer en voeraanvullings, saad/Feed and feed additives, seed

‘N LEIER IN TEGNOLOGIESE INNOVERING Hoewel landbou afhanklik is van die werklikhede wat klimaat, natuurlike hulpbronne en fisiese kommoditeite bied, beteken dit geensins dat daar nie ‘n geleentheid vir tegnologie is om dit te verbeter en te verfyn nie. Vir duisende jare al plant en oes boere met die hulp van beskikbare tegnologie om opbrengs te verhoog en risiko te verminder. Dit is met hierdie gedagte wat Omnia Nutilogie® daarna strewe om tegnologie te ontwikkel wat boerderye prakties bystaan om die maksimum wins uit hul insette te verkry. LABORATORIUMTEGNOLOGIE Omnia Nutrilogie® beskik oor geakkrediteerde, wêreldklas laboratoriums wat deur die nuutste tegnologie aangedryf word. Ons Chemtech en OmniBio™ laboratoriums het amptelike ISO/ IEC 17025 akkreditasie, wat getuig van ons uitstekende standaarde en ‘n waarmerk is van top gehalte. Ons laboratoriumtegnologie stel ons in staat om data uit die veld uit, soos grond en sapmonsters, te ontleed en eiesoortige, praktiese oplossings vir kwessies op jou plaas te bied. NAVORSING EN ONTWIKKELING Omnia Nutrilogie® gebruik innoverende tegnologie om voortdurend nuwe produkte,

LANDBOUKUNDIGES

dienste en tegnologieë na te vors en te ontwikkel. Ons laboratoriums, landboukundiges en agente gebruik wetenskaplik gegronde metodes om data bymekaar te maak, te ontleed en in praktiese oplossings om te skakel. Ons belê in innoverende tegnologieë om gewasopbrengs te verhoog, boerdery- en omgewingsrisiko’s te verminder en die ondervinding wat boere met ons het te verbeter. PRESISIEBOERDERY OmniPresies® is ‘n boerderybestuurstelsel wat presisieboerdery en optimale hulpbronbestuur insluit. Dit gebruik fisiese monsterneming en afstandswaarneming om akkurate grondfisiese en -chemiese klassifikasie asook veranderlike toedieningskaarte te genereer. Moderne tegnologie word op groot skaal gebruik om volhoubare landboukundige strategieë en modelle, soos OmniZone™ en OmniRiskIQ™, te ontwikkel. Met OmniZone™ meet opbrengsmonitors verskeie parameters en gebruik dan ‘n reeks sensors en GPS-tegnologie om hierdie parameters met hul ruimtelike posisie in ‘n gegewe land te verbind. Aangesien opbrengs die produk is van al die invloede op ‘n gewas in ‘n bepaalde seisoen, word opbrengskaarte van verskeie seisoene in ‘n bestuursonekaart (OmniZone™) gekombineer om

NAVORSING & ONTWIKKELING

Omnia Nutriologie® se geakkrediteerde laboratoriums van wêreldgehalte word deur die nuutste tegnologie aangedryf.

oor tyd ruimtelike bestuursones te identifiseer. Hierdie OmniZone™kaarte kan gebruik word om opbrengsmikpunte vir elke sone te bepaal en om effektiewe, doelgerigte grondfisiese regstellings en kunsmisaanbevelings te maak. OmniRiskIQ™ is ‘n ingewikkelde model wat tegnologie en agronomiese kennis integreer om jou te help om bereikbare opbrengs te beraam terwyl moontlike risiko’s in ag geneem word. DIGIAG™ Inligtingskommunikasietegnologieë het ‘n magdom geleenthede vir die boer geskep. Omnia Nutrilogie® verstaan dat strategiese vennootskappe aan die boer verhoogde waarde bied en het daarom ‘n vennootskap met DigiAg™, ‘n hoogs tegnologiese boerdery-bestuurstoepassing, gesluit. DigiAg™ stel die boer in staat om reënval te meet en te

LABORATORIUMS

OMNIPRESIES®

rapporteer; veldwaarnemings in te lees en te stoor; alle boerderyinligting per plaas, land en GPS-liggings vanaf sy slimfoon of tablet te bestuur. Boere kan hul OmniPresies®-kaarte en -aanbevelings in die toep besigtig en dit met reënval, saad, opbrengs en ander data kruisverwys. Dié toep kan vanaf die Google Play-stoor afgelaai word, of deur DigiAg.co.za te besoek. Vir meer as 60 jaar al ontwikkel en verfyn Omnia Nutrilogie® tegnologieë wat jou as produsent help om meer doeltreffend te boer, risiko te verminder en opbrengs effektief te verhoog. Deur tegnologiese vooruitgang te benut, kan jy meer bereik. Vir inligting oor hoe om hierdie tegnologie op jou plaas toe te pas, kontak jou Omnia landboukundige of agent vandag op 011 709 8888.

TECHNOLOGIE

TEGNOLOGIE MAAK SAAK. Gesels met een van ons landboukundiges oor jou spesifieke benodighede, kontak 011 709 8778 / 011 709 8916 of besoek www.fertilizer.co.za

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EenKan oplossings agri

FOKUS • FOCUS Voer en voeraanvullings, saad/Feed and feed additives, seed

gerieflike formulasies vir elke unieke onkruid situasie

Gemak van afmeting Dosis hang van onkruidspektrum af en nie grondtipe

VOOR-OPKOMS OPLOSSINGS

Mesotrioon + S-metolachlor

Mesotrioon + S-metolachlor + Atrasien

Een oplossing met 2 of meer aktiewes, met verskillende metodes van werking

NA-OPKOMS OPLOSSINGS

Mesotrioon + S-metolachlor + Terbutielasien

Mesotrioon + S-metolachlor + Glifosaat

Geskik vir wisselbou Beheer van grasse en breëblaar onkruide Opname deur wortels, stingels en blare Bevat Benoksakor beveiliger Mengbaar met glifosaat

LEES DIE ETIKET VIR VOLLE BESONDERHEDE CALLISTO® bevat mesotrioon (Wet nr. 36 van 1947, Reg. nr. L6795). VERSIGTIG. CAMIX® bevat mesotrioon en S-metolachlor (Wet nr. 36 van 1947, Reg. nr. L8089). VERSIGTIG CAMIX® PLUS bevat mesotrioon, S-metolachlor en atrasien (Wet nr. 36 van 1947, Reg. nr. L8327). VERSIGTIG. DUAL GOLD® bevat S-metolachlor (Wet nr. 36 van 1947, Reg. Nr. L5749). SKADELIK LUMAX® bevat mesotrioon, S-metolachlor en terbutilasien (Wet nr. 36 van 1947, Reg. nr. L7483). SKADELIK, HALEX™ GT bevat mesotrioon, S-metolachlor en glifosaat (Wet nr. 36 van 1947, Reg. nr. L8415). VERSIGTIG CALLISTO®, CAMIX®, CAMIX® PLUS, LUMAX®, HALEX™ GT en PROVEN CALLISTO® TECHNOLOGY™ is geregistreerde handelsmerke van ’n Syngenta Groep Maatskappy. Syngenta Suid-Afrika (Edms) Beperk, Privaatsak 60, Halfway House, 1685. Tel: (011) 541 4000. www.syngenta.co.za © Syngenta Ag, 2000.

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agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page @SyngentaSA @SyngentaSA @SyngentaSA Syngenta Suid Afrika (Edms) Beperk, Privaatsak X60, Halfway House, 1685, Tel: (011) 541 4000, www.syngenta.co.za


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FOKUS • FOCUS Voer en voeraanvullings, saad/Feed and feed additives, seed

Capstone Seeds bied ’n verskeidenheid uitblinkers Capstone Seeds het in die verlede oor en oor bewys dat sy produkte hul man kan staan in alle omstandighede waarmee SA boere in ’n deurlopend veranderende landbou-omgewing gekonfronteer mag word. In die komende seisoen is daar ook genoeg om oor opgewonde te raak.

I

MIELIES n die Natalse Middellande is CAP9021 steeds besig om alle verwagtinge te oortref wat kuilvoer-opbrengs betref: om deur­lopend meer as 75 ton/ha se kuilvoer te lewer, wil gedoen wees. Daarbenewens staan dit uit wat siekteverdraagsaamheid betref. In die hoogs produserende mielie­ gebiede beïndruk CAP 122-60 met sy oes­ lewering van meer as 9 ton/ha op droëland en 14 ton/ha onder besproeiing. ’n Goeie voorbeeld is die Prieska-omgewing, waar CAP 122-60 se stewige 14,9 ton/ha die betrokke boer oortuig het om die grond aan dié kultivar afgestaan aansienlik te vergroot. In die Sonop-proewe het CAP 122-60

8,97 ton/ha gelewer, teenoor die proefgemiddeld van 7,8 ton/ha. Die resultate is boonop behaal terwyl CAP 122-60 nog nie onder volle potensiaal geplant is nie en teen plant­populasies wat konserwatiewer is as wat moontlik is. Ons kan nie wag om te sien hoe dié kultivar onder optimale toestande sal vaar nie.

SONNEBLOM CAP 4000 het oor die hele land goed gevaar deur goeie oeste te lewer maar terselfdertyd ’n hoë olie-inhoud van gemiddeld 42-46% te haal. Koppe is semi-neerhangend om dit beter teen die voël-aanslag te beskerm en dit beskik ook oor uitstaande siekteweerstand. Die feit dat CAP 4000 ’n medium- tot

WEIDINGSGEWASSE

volle volwassenheid-variëteit is, stel dit in staat om sy beste opbrengs onder ’n wye verskeidenheid toestande te haal.

SOJABONE Indien jy sojabone wil plant, hoef jy nie verder as Fundacep 65RR te dink nie. Dit is die ideale variëteit. Dit het meer as 3 ton/ha oor die hele land behaal, te danke aan die feit dat dit in ’n volwassen­heidsgroep 5.9 val. Dit beteken dat dit goed presteer oor ’n wye verskeidenheid toestande en dus ’n wen­perd is om op te saal. Capstone bied ’n groot verskeidenheid kultivars aan SA boere wat op oesprestasie ingestel is. Lees meer hieroor op die Capstone-webwerf www.capstoneseeds.com.

Ons boere is ernstig oor boerdery; ons is ernstig oor saad.

BASTER MANNA VARIËTEIT Speedfeed Super

PAK GROOTTE 25kg

SAAIDIGTHEID kg/ha 15-25

AANPLANTING Okt - Nov

PAK GROOTTE 25kg 25kg

SAAIDIGTHEID kg/ha 15-25 15-25

AANPLANTING Okt - Nov Okt - Jan

SAAIDIGTHEID kg/ha 15-35 15-35 15-35 15-35

AANPLANTING Okt - Jan Okt - Jan Okt - Jan Okt - Jan

PÊREL MANNA VARIËTEIT Speedfeed Babala

VARIËTEIT Multicut Sweetfeed Super Big Kahuna Big Kahuna BMR

PAK GROOTTE 25kg 25kg 25kg 25kg

MIELIES KONTANTGEWASSE WEIDINGSGEWASSE GROENBEMESTINGSGEWASSE GRASPERK- EN GERIEFSGRASSE ENTSTOWWE

KONTAK

BASTER VOERSORGUM

Mark Wattam - 082 603 8471

Kommersiële Bestuurder Verkoopverteenwoordiger - Oos-Kaap

Neville Young - 082 654 2162 Verkoopsverteenwoordiger - KZN

www.capstoneseeds.com

Thys Fourie - 082 326 6797 Nasionale Verkoopsbestuurder

Stiaan van Rensburg - 082 602 4414 Area Verkoopsbestuurder - Hoëveld

Deon Niemann - 083 949 5749 Verkoopsverteenwoordiger- FS

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FOKUS • FOCUS Voer en voeraanvullings, saad/Feed and feed additives, seed

sojasaad

sekuriteit

3 redes om APRON® PLUS BEANS te kies: •

Bereik optimum plantestand

Gesonde wortels lei tot eenvormige opkoms en makismum opbrengs

Begin sterk om sterk te eindig

APRON® PLUS BEANS, wees saad slim.

LEES DIE ETIKET VIR VOLLEDIGE BESONDERHEDE APRON® XL bevat mefenoksam (Wet nr. 36 van 1947, Reg. nr. L6837) CELEST® XL bevat fludioksonil en mefenoksam (Wet nr. 36 van 1947, Reg. nr. L6353) APRON® PLUS BEANS bestaan uit APRON® XL en CELEST® XL vir gebruik op sojabone en droë bone. APRON® XL en CELEST® XL is geregistreerde handelsmerke van Syngenta Groep Maatskappy. Syngenta Suid-Afrika (Edms) Beperk, Privaatsak 60, Halfway House, 1685. Tel: (011) 541 4000. www.syngenta.co.za Syngenta Ag, 2000. Kopiereg van die dokument is voorbehou. Alle ongemagtigde vermeerdering word verbied.

@SyngentaSA

@SyngentaSA

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@SyngentaSA


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DIE OOIE SE KONDISIETELLINGS IS MOOI IN STAND GEHOU, ONS KAN UITSIEN NA GESONDE LAMMERS! Elite Block is gerieflik om uit te sit as onderhoudslek en weens die aanvulling met gehalte deurvloeiproteïen en energie dra dit by om die produksie en die ooie se kondisie in stand te hou.

Dankie Molatek! Abrie van der Merwe & Divan Calitz uppe marketing A16443/ASA

Sandkraal Buffelsjag

ELITE BLOCK Elite Block verskaf voldoende kwaliteit deurvloeiproteïen en energie tydens die piek voedingsbehoeftetydperk van die ooi, wat volwasse liggaamsmassa en kondisietelling bevorder. Dit dra by tot verhoogde melkproduksie en melkvloei. Die lammers is lewenskragtig, groei vinnig en bereik gouer optimale speenmassas. Dit help ook om massaverlies onder die ooie te voorkom en konsepsie- en speenpersentasies te verhoog.

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Vir meer inligting oor Molatek se spesifieke voere en dienste, kontak: RCL FOODS: www.rclfoods.com MOLATEK: +27(0)13 791-1036 | www.molatek.co.za Elite Block Reg. Nr. V26008 (Wet 36 van 1947) N-FF 3586


agri Promosie/Promotional

Geïntegreerde vliegbeheer volhoubaar toegepas DR ARNO MOORE, BESTURENDE DIREKTEUR: BIO-INSECTARIES SOUTH AFRICA

Vlieë is seker die ergste verpesting vir mens en dier. Nie alleen is hulle uiters irriterend nie, maar vlieë veroorsaak regstreeks groot produksieverliese by plaasdiere – hoofsaaklik toe te skryf aan verlaagde voerinnames.

H

ierdie verliese manifesteer in beide verlaagde melkproduksie en verlaagde groeitempo’s by ander diere. Dit is ook bewys dat melkkwaliteit verlaag met toenemende vliegbesmetting. Daarby is vlieë ook betrokke by die oordra van meer as 70 siektes by mens en dier. Dit sluit onder meer in cholera, miltsiekte, maagkoors, tering, polio, salmonella, tifuskoors, mastitis, Newcastlesiekte, pienk-oë en amoebiese disentrie.

VLIEGBEHEER Vliegbeheer is noodsaaklik, maar ten spyte van ewigdurende pogings om vlieë uit te roei, word relatief min volhoubare sukses behaal. Doeltreffende chemiese middels word ten duurste ontwikkel, net om mettertyd hul doeltreffendheid te verloor met die opbou van weerstand van vlieë teen die middels. Die gevaar bestaan ook dat chemiese middels die natuurlike vyande van vlieë doodmaak, wat besliste nadele vir ekonomies volhoubare vliegbeheer inhou. Daar is al meer konsensus dat vliegbeheer op ‘n geïntegreerde manier aangepak moet word. Vir ekonomiese volhoubare vliegbeheer is dit belangrik om die volgende in ag te neem: • Die lewensiklus en biologie van vliegspesies betrokke; • Fisiese bestuursvereistes om die vliegplaag ten beste te bestuur, soos die uitleg van produksiefasiliteite, misbeheer ens; • Die rol van doeltreffende gebruik van die

vlieg se natuurlike vyande; • Die rol en doeltreffende aanwending van chemiese middels. Diereproduksie-eenhede behoort daadwerklik vir vliegbeheer te beplan met die oog op ekonomiese volhoubaarheid. Daar is ‘n groot verskeidenheid vliegspesies wat ‘n plaagstatus kan aanneem, maar die belangrikste is die gewone huisvlieg en die stalvlieg. Die huisvlieg en stalvlieg het prakties soortgelyke lewensiklusse, met die huisvlieg ‘n effens korter siklus. In die praktyk kom dit daarop neer dat die vliegwyfie voldoende voeding moet inneem, waarna eiers in tipiese “pakkies” van tot 50 eiers op ‘n keer gelê word. ‘n Enkele vliegwyfie kan in haar leeftyd tot 800 eiers produseer. Vliegeiers ontwikkel binne 12 tot 18 uur tot larwes, gaan deur drie larwe-stadiums wat een tot drie weke kan duur, waarna die larwes verpaap. Papies kan vanaf drie dae tot drie weke neem om uit te broei, afhangend van die vliegspesie en omgewings­toestande. Vlieë kom as volwassenes uit papies tevoorskyn. Dit spreek vanself dat potensiële vliegbroeiplekke so bestuur moet word dat dit die minimum vliegbroei-aktiwiteit sal veroorsaak. Hou mis so droog as moontlik, sorg vir goeie dreinering, beperk lekkende water, verwyder verspilde voer, kuilvoer en verrottende hooi. Wees bedag op die voorkoms van potensiële vliegbroeiplekke en bestuur die situasie ten beste om vlieggetalle te beperk.

Die volgende stap is om volwasse vlieë te beheer sodat minder vliegeiers gelê word. Vlieë kan gevang word in verskeie lokvalle in die handel beskikbaar of gedood word met doeltreffende chemikalieë. Chemikalieë moet gespuit of geverf word op mure, pale, onder dakke en ander vliegrusplekke. Diere kan ook gedip word met vliegdodende chemikalieë. Om die natuurlike vyande van vlieë te beskerm, moet sorg gedra word dat skadelike chemikalieë nie op vliegbroeiplekke kom nie. Die langer lewensiklus van vliegparasiete veroorsaak dat hul vermoë om gif te weerstaan, minder as dié van vlieë is. ‘n Uitsonde­ring op die reël is handelsmerke met die aktiewe bestanddeel Siromasien, ‘n larwesied wat vlieglarwes, merendeels in die vroeë stadia, dood. Siromasien maak nie die belangrikste vliegparasiete dood nie.

BIOLOGIESE BEHEER VAN VLIEË Daar is toenemende besef dat daarna gestreef moet word om sover moontlik in harmonie met die omgewing te produseer. Met vliegbeheer is daar nou ook in Suid-Afrika die geleentheid om deur die gebruik van vliegparasiete te beweeg na ‘n meer omgewingsvriendelike vliegbeheerprogram. Dit is moontlik deur die inbring van groot getalle parasitiese wespe wat uitsluitlik op vliegpapies voed en in vliegpapies voortplant. Parasietwyfies fynkam vliegbroeiplekke om vliegpapies op te spoor. Die wyfie steek die vliegpapie, voed op die ontwikkelende vlieg in die papie, en kan ook haar eiers in die papie lê. Die ontwikkelende vlieg in die papie word gedood en in plaas van vlieë, broei daar ongeveer 19 dae later ‘n nuwe generasie parasitiese wespe uit wat die proses van parasitisme voortsit. Soos die wesppopulasie toeneem, broei al hoe minder vlieë uit sodat die behoefte vir volwasse vliegbeheer dramaties afneem en, afhangend van omstandighede, selfs kan verdwyn. Die voordele van biologiese vliegbeheer is onder meer: • Vlieë word beheer voor hulle kan irriteer en skade veroorsaak; • Dit is maklik en gerieflik – effektief selfs op baie moeilik bereikbare plekke; • Beperk chemiese besoedeling; • Vlieë kan nie weerstand teen parasiete opbou nie, die parasiete bied ‘n langtermyn-oplossing. Kontak dr Moore: 083 270 4866. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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‘n Boer se nalatenskap – slaggate om te vermy ADV KOBUS ENGELBRECHT, BEMARKINGSHOOF: SANLAM BESIGHEIDMARK

Wanneer ‘n mens jou testament opstel is dit belangrik om ondubbelsinnige woorde te gebruik. Iets wat nou baie eenvoudig en ongekompliseerd voorkom, kan later ‘n groot probleem veroorsaak. Ek gaan voorafgaande stelling met die volgende praktiese voorbeeld toelig: Gestel ‘n boer besit onder meer ‘n plaas en ‘n woonhuis op die naaste dorp. Hy bemaak die plaas aan sy seun en die woonhuis aan sy dogter. Omdat daar ‘n groot verskil in die waarde van die plaas en die woonhuis is en hy sy kinders gelykop wil laat erf, bemaak hy ook ‘n bedrag geld aan sy dogter. Die woonhuis word in die testament bloot as “my woonhuis” beskryf.

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adat die boer sy testament opgestel het, koop hy ‘n huis in ‘n kusdorp. Die gesin gebruik hierdie huis gedurende vakansies. Die boer pas nie sy testament aan om hierdie laasgenoemde huis spesifiek aan iemand te bemaak nie. Regtens val dié huis nou in die restant van sy boedel. Die boer tree af en hy gaan woon in die huis by die see. Nou kom die boer te sterwe. Die vraag is nou: watter een van hierdie twee huise is sy woonhuis? Watter huis moet die dogter erf? Die potensiaal vir konflik is nou baie groot, want, gestel die dogter neem die standpunt in dat die huis op die kusdorp haar pa se woonhuis was aangesien hy die laaste ruk van sy lewe daar gewoon het, en die seun sê nee, die woonhuis is die huis op die dorp aangesien dit die enigste woonhuis was wat hulle pa besit het toe hy sy testament laat opstel het. So ‘n geskil kan uiteindelik in die hof beland met die gevolglike koste daaraan verbonde, sowel as die onenigheid wat dit in die familie kan veroorsaak.

Die oplossing om hierdie probleem te voorkom is om die ligging van die woonhuis in jou testament te beskryf. Byvoorbeeld: “Ek bemaak my woonhuis geleë te Leliestraat 2, Cradock aan my dogter.” Op hierdie wyse word enige twyfel uit die weg geruim. Onthou ook om jou testament aan te pas as jy ‘n woonhuis verkoop en ‘n ander een koop. Gestel nou jy bemaak jou woonhuis aan jou dogter en jy omskryf dit baie spesifiek. Nou verkoop jy hierdie huis en koop ‘n ander huis, maar jy pas nie jou testament aan nie. In jou testament word dus ‘n woonhuis wat jy nie meer besit nie aan jou dogter bemaak. Nou ontstaan daar ‘n vraag oor jou bedoeling. Het jy bedoel dat jou dogter die woonhuis wat jy in die plek van die eerste een gekoop het moet erf of nie? Weer eens ontstaan die moontlikheid van konflik en die gepaardgaande koste. Wysig jou testament dus wanneer jy bates koop en verkoop. Motorvoertuie en meubels kan baie maklik ook die bron van dubbelsinnigheid en konflik wees. Net so ook aandele. Die boer het byvoorbeeld ‘n aantal Sanlam-

aandele besit in die stadium toe hy sy testament opgestel het. Hy bemaak nou in sy testament soos volg: “Ek bemaak al my aandele aan my seun Jan.” Wanneer die boer sterf, besit hy egter ‘n uitgebreide aandeleportefeulje. Wat was sy bedoeling? Moet Jan net die Sanlam-aandele erf óf alle aandele? Weer eens ‘n potensiële bron van konflik. Die bemaking van kontant kan ook ‘n moontlike uitlegprobleem skep. Gestel die boer bemaak soos volg in sy testament: “Ek bemaak al my kontant aan my vrou.” Wat presies bedoel hy hiermee? Die kontant in sy beursie, die kontant in sy kluis, die saldo van sy tjekrekening, spaarrekening, geldmarkrekening of wat? Deur eenvoudig te sê “Ek bemaak R100 000 aan my vrou” en daarvoor voorsiening te maak, sal al hierdie onsekerhede uit die weg geruim word. Om te verseker dat jou nalatenskap werklik jou wense weerspieël, is dit belangrik dat jou boedelbeplanning en die opstel van jou testament met groot sorg gehanteer word.

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FOKUS • FOCUS Voer en voeraanvullings, saad/Feed and feed additives, seed

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Land expropriation without compensation: Possible impact on the South African agricultural economy HAMLET HLOMENDLINI, CHIEF ECONOMIST, AGRI SA

At its policy conference held in Johannesburg in June/July, the African National Congress (ANC) once again tabled the possibility of land expropriation without compensation. In his closing remarks on the last day of the conference, President Zuma stated that “where it is necessary and unavoidable, land expropriation without compensation may be pursued”.

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t was not the first time the idea of agricultural land expropriation without compensation was brought to the fore. During the State of the Nation Address (SONA) in February 2017, President Zuma reiterated that land expropriation without compensation was under way, stating that there are weaknesses in South Africa’s current willing-buyer, willing-seller principle which has delayed land reform. According to the president, expropriation without compensation was adopted as official policy at the ANC’s 2012 conference. From a legal perspective, as long as section 25 of the South African Constitution remains firmly in place, expropriation without compensation is not possible. To successfully allow expropriation without compensation, appropriate changes to the Constitution will have to be made, but such a change will have to go through all the necessary parliamentary processes. These include a two-thirds majority in the National Assembly and six out of nine provinces having to vote in favour of removing or amending section 25 of the Constitution. If that happens, expropriation without compensation may become a reality. It is no secret that land reform in South Africa has not effectively been carried out even the ANC admits to this. The fact of the matter is that the South African government has, in the past, been focusing on the acquisition of land and neglected to provide support to those who benefited from the land reform programme. Hence, in many instances where land reform projects have been carried out on land that was previously used productively, today there are nothing left of them. Without providing both technical and financial support

to sustain the growing population. Land is one critical factor for production in the sector and its ownership is critical for the sustainability of the sector. Since it is the responsibility of the agricultural sector to produce food, the sector’s production capacity will need to be enhanced to avoid food demand surpassing domestic supply and ensuring that the sector remains adequately competitive. This can only be possible if commercial farmers remain on the farms. Chart 1 shows the volume food production is South Africa relative to its population growth. As can be seen, population has and is still increasing substantially, while food production has also been increasing but at a deceasing rate. Between 2014 and 2016 food production was hampered by the countrywide drought that cut grain production by half. Food production in 2017 is expected to pick up vigorously owing to improved weather conditions experienced around major grain areas in the country. However, expropriation without compensation is undoubtedly posing a bigger threat to Role of agriculture in the economy food production for the future production cycles than the recent drought. Without drastic improvements in food production, South Africa and the southern African region will have to rely on food imports. In addition, commercial farming units in South Africa have declined significantly in the past 20 years. According Figure 1: The role of agriculture in the economy >>> page 63

for production purposes, beneficiaries are set up for failure from the start. Notwithstanding the ANC’s view that land reform is key to South Africa’s economic stability, if pursued, expropriation of agricultural land without compensation is likely to have huge knock-on effects on the agriculture sector, as well as on the country’s economy. Indeed, economic transformation and/ or inclusive economic participation is needed in South Africa, however expropriating agricultural land without compensation could seriously damage the agricultural sector’s competitive advantage and compromise national food security and ultimately lead to poverty and unemployment. Impact on food production and farming units South Africa’s population has increased quite rapidly (by approximately 15,5%) in the past ten years. In 2035, South African population is estimated to reach more than 80 million. This means more food supply will be required

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Landwyd: 086 022 7309 Webwerf: www.hpeafrica.co.za

HPE Africa, alleenverspreider van Hyundai-konstruksietoerusting in Suider-Afrika. Die robuuste H940s-skoffelpiklaaier-reeks is perfek ontwerp om in die groeiende behoefte van kleiner toerusting vir kleiner projekte te voorsien – sonder om ’n plaas se prys daarop te bestee. Die belangrikste pluspunte vir optimum-prestasie sluit in ’n stewige laairaam vir die beste laaivermoë en ’n opsionele terug-na-grawe-funksie wat die laaisiklustye verkort. ’n Hoësterkte-laaiboom wat duidelike sigbaarheid moontlik maak wanneer by verborge konstruksies soos waterpypleidings gegrawe word, staan in die kern van die H940s se indrukwekkende vermoë. Die toerusting is aan baie ure se gevorderde terreintoetsing en ontleding onderwerp en ’n gemiddelde brandstofverbruik van 5,5 liter per uur is aangeteken. Laastens, maar bepaald nie die minste nie: die toerusting bied die gemoedsrus van HPE Africa se waarborg van twee jaar of 3 000 ure.

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Chart 1: Food production vs population Source: DAFF and own calculations

to the department of agriculture, forestry and fisheries (DAFF), the number of commercial farming units in South Africa has decreased from 57 980 in 1993, to 39 982 in 2017, a decrease of 45,07% (see Chart 2). On the other side, remaining commercial farmers have been placed in the precarious position of having to produce about 80% of food in the country, with less arable land at their disposal. The situation has been worsened by the fact that many farms that were previously productive, are now laying fallow because of failed attempts by the state to adequately carry out land reform projects. It is estimated that about 70-90% of land reform projects have failed or are struggling with inadequate post-land support under which the lack of skills is one of the contributing factors. Productivity in the agricultural sector has been increasing compared

Chart 3: Capital Investment (Rmillion) Source: DAFF

compromised and job loses will ensue. This may well throw the country deeper into recession in the coming years. In addition, for sustainability and development of their farms, most farmers rely on creditors such as the commercial banks, the Land Bank, and agricultural cooperatives. In 2016 finance sourced from commercial banks, the Land Bank, agricultural cooperatives, and other lenders amounted to nearly R145 billion; mostly for financing capital assets of which land and fixed improvements constituted more than 50% (See Chart 4). The value of assets increased from R394,4 billion in 2015 to R437,8 billion in 2016. Debt as percentage of assets stood at 34% in 2016 (see Chart 5). What these charts show is that, whenever there is an increase in farming assets, farming debt, as well as debt to assets ratio increases. This is an indication that if land expropriated without compensation were to be implemented in South Africa, farmers would be left with in a massive debt that they cannot repay. Impact on the rest of the economy In recent times the South African economy has been facing some challenges: slow economic growth, high unemployment and the recent downgrades to sub-investment by two rating agencies. The political instabilities pose a big threat to our economy, and the taking of land

Chart 2: Number of farming units Source: DAFF

to the declining farming units. This can be attributed to the fact that farmers are investing in new technology and farming methods. At the back of expropriation without compensation, such investments will be held back. Ultimately, that will lead to the collapse of land values. Land ownership is a critical factor to ensure financial stability as well as the development of farms. Notwithstanding the fact that agriculture is regarded as highly risky, owing to uncontrollable factors like climate change, most of those who invest in the sector use the land value as assurance for their investment. Financial institutions, in particular, regard land as collateral when providing finance to farmers. Given that farmers rely on financing from financial institutions like banks, without guaranteed ownership of land, securing finance from banks will become nearly impossible.

Chart 4: Who Farmers owe money to Source: DAFF

Impact on capital investment in agriculture To ensure productivity and sustainability in the sector, capital investment is required. Capital assets and investment in the sector have been on the steady increase for the past five years (see Chart 3). In 2016 the value of capital investment in the agricultural sector was recorded at R427 790 million, of which land and fixed improvements constituted 54,1%. Expropriation without compensation is likely to change this trend, leading to large disinvestment in the sector. Without investment, the sector will regress, productivity will be

Chart 5: Agricultural debt, farm assets and debt as % of assets >>> page 65

Source: DAFF

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Loop katvoet waar dié honde betrokke is KOBUS VISSER, DIREKTEUR: KORPORATIEWE SKAKELING

Suid-Afrikaanse boere is nie net besorg oor toenemend ongure weerpatrone, grondkwessies en plaasmoorde nie, maar moet ook die groeiende kriminele bedrywighede op hul plase, soos die onwettige jag met honde, hanteer.

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ierdie jagbedrywighede het oor die afgelope dekade meer georganiseerd en gesofistikeerd geraak en dra by tot spanning tussen boere, gemeenskappe en selfs bewaringsorganisasies. Daar was al verskeie onaangename ervarings met hierdie betreders, wat meestal goed ingelig is, met betrekking tot hul regte en regskwessies, en hulle gebruik dit tot hul volle voordeel. Daar kan geen twyfel wees oor die omvang van die probleem wanneer jy kyk na koerantverslae, tydskrifartikels en verwante navorsing nie. Ongelukkig word baie sake rondom die onwettige jag met honde nooit opgelos nie, terwyl woedende boere dikwels in die moeilikheid beland wanneer hulle self die skuldiges konfronteer. Dit forseer boere-organisasies om meer betrokke te raak deur die korrekte optrede en prosedures te kommunikeer en ’n hegter verhouding met die polisie en ander owerhede te handhaaf. Agri SA beklemtoon voortdurend dat jag met honde op plase ’n misdaad is en dat die betrokke betreders die toegang- en ander protokolle wat deur verskeie organisasies en die Suid-Afrikaanse Polisiediens (SAPD) aanvaar is, ignoreer.

Belangrike uitwysings Agri SA se Landelike Veiligheidskomitee het onlangs heelwat tyd bestee om die probleem te bespreek op soek na oplossings. Onwettige jag met honde is toenemend ’n probleem en grondeienaars moet uiters oordeelkundig optree om vervolging te vermy. Verskeie belangrike regs- en ander riglyne is tot boere se beskikking in hierdie verband, insluitend die volgende: • Daar is genoeg wetgewing wat handel oor die onwettige jag met honde, soos byvoorbeeld natuurbewarings­ordon­ nansies, wat in ’n mate beskerming bied aan wild, veral spesies wat as bedreig beskou word. Daar is ook anti-wreed­ heidswetgewing soos die Wet op Diere­ beskerming wat sekere dade teen diere verbied. • Die meeste Suid-Afrikaanse munisipaliteite het by-wette en regulasies om troeteldiere te beheer. Nie-nakoming is strafbaar en die betrokke diere kan ook geskut word. • Wanneer ’n grondeienaar skade ly, kan hy ’n saak maak teen die eienaar van die dier om hom te vergoed vir die skade. • Die SAPD beveel aan dat, waar moontlik,

jaghonde gevang moet word en aan die DBV oorhandig word. Hoewel sommige natuurbewaringsordonnansies boere toelaat om honde te skiet, beskou die SAPD dit as ’n risiko. Hoewel grond­ eienaars die reg het om te skiet ter self­verdediging en om hul eiendom te beskerm, is daar baie gevolge wat die boer se lewe kan versuur. • ’n Suksesvolle verweer van selfverdediging vereis onder meer dat dit ’n noodsituasie moet wees met ’n onmiddellike bedreiging weens onwettige gedrag en – baie belang­ rik – dat die skade wat veroorsaak is deur die optrede nie buite verhouding tot die belang wat beskerm word moet wees nie. Daarom moet boere goed ingelig wees oor regsaspekte en uiters versigtig optree. Hou altyd die volgende belangrike riglyne in gedagte: • Daar word aanbeveel dat vee- of wild­ boere wat verliese ly weens honde, ’n klag van betreding ingevolge die Betredingswet en ’n klag van wreedheid teenoor diere ingevolge die Wet op Dierebeskerming kan indien. Klagtes ingevolge die Omheining-, Veediefstal- of die Wilddiefstalwet, natuurbewaringsordonnansies en tersaaklike munisipale ordonnansies kan ook ingedien word. ’n Eis vir vergoeding waar die eienaars van die honde bekend is, kan ook ingedien word. • Die SAPD beveel aan dat, waar moontlik, honde gevang en aan die DBV oorhandig moet word. Hoewel dit onder sekere omstandighede wettig is om hierdie honde te skiet, is daar vele risiko’s, insluitend misbruik van die wet deur oortreders, met

die gevolg dat boere valslik beskuldig word van intimidasie, die rig van ’n vuurwapen of self poging tot moord. Troppe honde van meer as 20 wat baie aggressief kan wees, is ook soms betrokke. • Daar word ook aanbeveel dat ’n grond­ eienaar sy plaaslike plaaswagstelsel in kennis sal stel wanneer verdagtes op die plaas waargeneem word. Die onwettige jagters werk gewoonlik in groepe van ten minste vier en dit sou onwys wees om hulle alleen te konfronteer. Hulle is gewoonlik baie arrogant en aggressief en ook swaar gewapen. • Veiligheidsverteenwoordigers van boere­ verenigings kan namens hul lede die probleem uitlig tydens plaaslike prioriteits­ komiteevergaderings.

Tersaaklike wetgewing Die kwessie van plaas- en boereveiligheid, verontagsaming van private eiendom, die uitwerking daarvan op wild en plaasvee en die skiet van duur honde veroorsaak toenemende spanning tussen jagters en die grondeienaars op wie se plase hulle jag. Die volgende wetgewing is tot boere se beskikking om op te tree teen onwettige jag met honde: • Betredingswet, Wet 6 van 1959; • Die Veediefstalwet, Wet 57 van 1959; • Die Wilddiefstalwet, Wet 105 van 1991; • Die Omheiningswet, Wet 31 van 1963; • Provinsiale en nasionale natuurbewarings­ ordonnansies en -wetgewing; • Nasionale Wet op Omgewingsbestuur: Biodiversiteit, Wet 10 van 2004; • Wet op Dierebeskerming, Wet 71 van 1962; • Strafproseswet, Wet 51 van 1977. >>> bladsy 65

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Praktiese riglyne Hoewel onwettige jag met honde as ’n ernstige oortreding beskou word, moet grondeienaars sorg dat hulle die korrekte prosedures volg en soveel bewyse moontlik teen die oortreders versamel. Onthou ook om liewer die plaaswag van die begin af te betrek. Daar is net te veel op die spel om impulsief op te tree. Tydens onlangse samesprekings met die polisie is die volgende riglyne ter tafel gelê. Boere kan hierdie riglyne volg wanneer hulle die probleem van onwettige jag met honde aanspreek. • Soos hierbo aangedui, is daar oorgenoeg wetgewing om die probleem aan te spreek. • Rapporteer alle gevalle van onwettige jag met honde by die plaaslike polisiestasie en hou rekord van alle saaknommers. • Implementeer Agri SA se plaastoegangprotokol en vertoon die toepaslike kennisgewing by ingange en grensheinings. • Boereverenigings kan verhoogde bewust­ heid van die probleem onder die publiek en die media skep. • Versamel bewyse en bewaar die misdaad­ toneel. • Natuurbewaringsorganisasies moet onmiddellik betrokke raak om behulpsaam

te wees met klagtes oor onwettige jag. • Betrek die naaste Dierebeskermings­ vereniging om behulpsaam te wees met die konfiskering van die honde. • Boereverenigings moet die plaaslike Nasionale Vervolgingsowerheid betrek by vergaderings waar hulp bespreek word met betrekking tot die hantering van insidente waar onwettig met honde gejag word. • Raak betrokke by die plaaslike polisie en sektor-gemeenskapspolisiëringsforum. • Gebruik die plaaslike prioriteitskomitee om aksieplanne te ontwikkel vir die hantering van die probleem, soos patrollies en bewusmakingsprogramme. • In die geval van skade wat deur honde veroorsaak is, moet grondeienaars ook ’n saak van kwaadwillige beskadiging van eiendom open en aandring op ’n kompenserende boete wat die waarde van die eiendom aandui. • Indien jagbedrywighede voorheen toegelaat was en die grondeienaar dit nou wil staak, moet ’n regsprosedure gevolg word om bure, huurders, gemeenskaps­ lede en ander betrokkenes daarvan in kennis te stel.

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backward linkages, agriculture purchases goods such as fertilisers, chemicals and implements from the manufacturing sector. On the forward linkages side, agriculture supplies raw materials to industry and the food supply chain in general. Approximately 70% of agricultural output is used as intermediary products in other sectors, particularly the agro-processing sector, which contributes almost 20% to employment in the manufacturing sector (see Chart 6). What this suggests is that any distress in the agricultural sector will lead to distress in the rest of the economy. Unemployment, which is currently at a record high (27%), will further increase, more people will be excluded from participating in economic activities and the ultimate result is further slowing of economic growth, weakening currency and higher inflation, to mention a few.

without compensation or expropriation at low levels of compensation will also affect the already struggling economy. The National Development Plan (NDP) identified agriculture as one of the critical sectors for economic development with a potential to create about one million jobs by 2030. But with the current uncertainty around land, this target might not be reached. In addition, agriculture is critical to the development of the economy, as the sector has strong backward and forward linkages with the rest of the economy. Through

Slot Dit is belangrik om uiters versigtig te werk te gaan wanneer daar gehandel word met die kwessie van onwettige jag met honde.

Conclusion

Chart 6: Agricultural expenditure on intermediary products Source: DAFF

Given the importance of the agricultural sector in the economy, there is a great need to speed up transformation in the sector.

In gevalle waar grondeienaars vind dat honde hul eiendom vernietig, moet die polisie onmiddellik daarvan in kennis gestel word. Voordat honde geskiet word, moet grondeienaars egter besef dat klagtes teen sodanige grondeienaars algemeen is; daarom moet alle moontlike beskermingsmaatreëls aangewend word. Daar word ook aanbeveel dat boere hul veiligheidsnetwerk kontak sodat bure hulle kan ondersteun, veral wanneer verskeie oortreders betrokke is by die onwettige jag met honde op hul grond. ’n Dokument wat riglyne bevat oor die hantering van die onwettige jag met honde is by Agri SA se provinsiale organisasies beskikbaar wat met die aangeleentheid handel. Onthou, onwettige jag is ’n misdaad – maar vermy vigilante-optrede wat kan lei tot vervolging.

Erkenning • Die onwettige jag met honde: wat staan jou te doen? Annelize Crosby 2017 • Guideline: hunting with dogs, Kwanalu • Illegal hunting with dogs, a brief overview of the legal issues, SAPS • Onwettige jag met honde op plase, provinsiale SAPD-instruksie Vrystaat, November 2015 • Rural Safety Strategy, implementation guidelines • The illegal hunting with dogs, Servamus, February 2015.

This, however, should be done with the aim of improving the sector’s position to effectively and sufficiently deliver on its triple objectives of ensuring that the nation’s food is secured, employment is created and contributing to the GDP growth. The suggestion that land expropriation without compensation will fast-track land transfer to previously disadvantaged people may be true, but it will also seriously damage the agricultural sector and lead to the collapse of the South African economy, similar to what happened in Zimbabwe. According to the 2015 land audit, the state owns more than 4 000 farms, which equates to more than four million hectares. In addition, all the communal land in South Africa is owned by the state. Instead of the political push to acquire more farm land, government should bring into production the four million hectares that are currently not being used or are underutilised. The focus of government should be on increasing the sector’s capacity with regard to competitiveness, productivity and most importantly, keeping the farmer on the farm wherever possible. In this way government will be applauded for taking huge steps towards increasing the production capacity of the agricultural sector. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Addressing land redistribution through the One Household One Hectare policy YOLISA MFAISE, LEGAL ADVISOR, AGRI SA

The department of rural development and land reform (DRDLR) hosted a stakeholder consultative session on 23 and 24 June to provide feedback on its programmes. The feedback discussed here deals mainly with the One Household One Hectare (1HH 1H) policy.

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he DRDLR highlighted that the focus of the 1HH 1H programme is growth through redistribution. The policy gives effect to the department’s mandate for access to land on an equitable basis. It also secures tenure of beneficiaries who are on that specific piece of land.

Objectives of the 1HH 1H programme The 1HH 1H programme was launched by the minister in charge of the department in November 2015. The main objectives of the programme are: a) To contribute to the reduction of poverty in rural areas; b) Revive a calibre of highly productive black smallholder farmers and food producers; c) Build security of tenure, access to land, increase the involvement of individual households in production activities and minimise controversies on CPI-lead landed projects; d) Create sustainable employment in rural households; e) Create viable rural small to medium agricultural enterprises; f) To build competencies and broaden the skills base for targeted households and communities; g) The restoration of the social capital and beauty of ubuntu as the currency that creates social cohesion among rural households; and agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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h) Rebuilding the sanctity and dignity of family life as the most critical success factor in the rural socio-economic transformation effort of the state. The department alluded to the Stats SA report indicating that lack of access to food in households declined and that the percentage of persons with access to food has increased from 2010 to date. Through the 1HH 1H policy, the DRDLR hopes to increase this percentage in rural areas. The land earmarked is state and communal arable land currently not utilised, including farms acquired in terms of the Proactive Land Acquisition Strategy (PLAS), land acquired under the Restitution Act and land acquired for settlement of labour tenants.

How the programme works Qualifying households are assisted to acquire a site on which to operate and plant. In instances where communal land is used, traditional leaders play a central role. To be beneficiaries, households are required to organise themselves into registered cooperatives. Primary cooperatives deliver produce to processing facilities like AgriParks for processing, and to the market. These primary cooperatives take up ownership in the processing facilities. Furthermore, the primary cooperatives form secondary cooperatives that take up equity in the 70% ownership share in the AgriParks. Secondary cooperatives then have representation in tertiary cooperatives

and take up share equity in the RUMCs. Each of the cooperatives must save 10% of its profits which are in turn reinvested in the production to ensure sustainability. The DRDLR provides funding for infrastructure and production units. Local and district municipalities also play a key role in this programme.

Comments Over the years the DRDLR has had various programmes with similar objectives to the 1HH 1H programme, specifically aimed at supporting government’s land redistribution. Between 1994 and 1999 the Settlement Land Acquisition Grant (SLAG) programme was introduced. Through SLAG qualifying rural dwellers, farm workers and farm dwellers were given a grant to purchase and develop agricultural land. The programme’s objective was to improve secure tenure and livelihoods by providing access to and productive resources for beneficiaries. Following various challenges with the SLAG programme, the department introduced the Land Redistribution for Agricultural Development programme (LRAD) to replace SLAG in 2001. LRAD was aimed at improving nutrition and incomes of rural communities, stimulate growth from agriculture and empower beneficiaries to improve their socio-economic wellbeing. LRAD was also aimed at creating black commercial farmers. Some of the challenges which led to its failure included lack of access to capital and >>> page 67


agri Nuus/News <<< page 66 market, poor infrastructure, lack of mentorship and limited financial management skills. LRAD was also criticised for its slow pace in transferring land to previously disadvantaged persons. These challenges, and many more, led to the phasing out of this programme between 2007 to 2010.1 A closer look at these policies suggests that their objectives are similar. LRAD may have been aimed at mainly commercial farmers while the 1HH 1H programme is aimed at small-scale household producers. However, both programmes have the objective to address poverty in rural areas, effective land use and job creation; and form part of the department’s land reform agenda. More concerning, particularly with regard to SLAG and LRAD, is that they were phased out not because they had reached their finality, but rather because they failed. Both lasted only five years respectively. With regard to the 1HH 1H, the DRDLR has allocated almost R30,5 million to date, benefitting 689 households in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu Natal and Mpumalanga. For the 2017/18 financial year, the department intends spending approximately R32 million and benefit approximately 6 000 households. The amounts are not determined by the department itself, but are rather requested by the respective provinces and the department allocates these accordingly.

The number of households which have benefited from the programme is significant, considering the poverty alleviation objective of the programme and increasing the number of households with access to food. This must be commended, particularly when considering the unemployment rate in rural areas and various other socio-economic challenges faced by rural communities. Perhaps the increase in the percentage of persons with access to food as reported by Stats SA can be owed to such initiatives. The programme certainly does make a difference in achieving this particular objective; however, there are certain concerns about it. As mentioned, previous programmes of the department have failed and there was no indication in the department’s presentation how it intends ensuring the sustainability of this one. It is envisaged that for sustainability, cooperatives will reinvest 10% into the business. However, questions arise as to how the cooperatives will be supported in instances where they have not made enough profits and are unable to either reinvest or sustain themselves. Another concern is that there seems to be no involvement by the department of agriculture, forestry and fisheries (DAFF). DAFF is the ministry mandated to handle agricultural matters and ensure food security and yet,

no mention of collaboration with DAFF was alluded to. This, while the programme is a land reform initiative directly linked to agriculture. Furthermore, without getting into the politics of government and the deployment of ministers, the lifespans of both SLAG and LRAD coincided precisely with the ministers in the department in those periods. For instance, SLAG lasted for a period of five years during minister Hanekom’s term; while LRAD lasted for the period during minister Didiza’s term. By the time minister Xingwana took over, LRAD was being gradually phased out. This uncertainty and failures are likely to have adverse consequences on the very communities it is intended to benefit. It raises questions whether programmes are linked to ministerial terms and what then happens to beneficiaries once the term ends.

Conclusion During the consultative session, the acting director-general of DRDLR highlighted the fact that while the department’s programmes may seem like a duplication of one another, they are in fact initiated to enhance the already existing initiatives. The programme is set to be rolled out again in the 2017/18 financial year and a budget has been allocated for its implementation across the various provincial districts.

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Throughout the years, every innovation Case IH has brought into this world was born of single vision - make agriculture’s tomorrow better than today. Our innovations are born in the field, from practical needs of farmers all over the world. That’s why our equipment is designed to be more effective, more accurate and more efficient. Pushing boundaries, thinking and rethinking productivity - That’s what makes us who we are today.

The steel in your strategy. Tel 011 9222 300 · Fax 011 9222 358 agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 ·bladsy/page www.northmec.co.za www.caseih.com

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Tindrum 17/030E

175 YEARS OF INNOVATION. STRONGER THAN EVER.


agri Promosie/Promotional

LOOKING TO THE PAST – FOCUSING ON THE FUTURE

Case IH celebrates 175 years in agricultural equipment production

2017 marks a century and three-quarters since creation of founding element of Case IH business / Innovations include first successful steam tractor for agriculture, first singlerotor combine and first four-tracked articulated high-horsepower tractor.

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n 2017, Case IH celebrates the 175th anniversary of its foundation as an agricultural equipment business, and has marked the occasion with a number of product upgrades at a summer press launch in Slovakia. In 1842, in the US town of Racine, Wisconsin, where the worldwide headquarters of the Case IH agricultural business remain today, Jerome Increase Case founded his eponymous farm equipment company. Having worked extensively with farm equipment, he established the Racine Threshing Machine Works on the shores of the Root River, focusing on the manufacturing of machines to speed up the separation of grain after harvest. The company’s beginnings were closely linked with those of the American economy, as American pioneers moved west and new farms were established there to feed the growing population centres of the eastern US. As demand grew for mechanised ways to help improve other aspects of agriculture, Case introduced the industry’s first successful steam tractor in 1869. This initial design was still horse-drawn, and used to power other machines, but in 1876 the company built its first self-propelled steam traction engine. As steam engines quickly began to replace horses to provide threshing power, by 1886 the JI Case Threshing Machine Company had grown to become the world’s largest producer of steam engines. Sixteen years later, in 1902, separate developments saw five companies all involved in the production of grain harvesting equipment merge to form the International Harvester Company. The new entity was

based in Chicago, and the deal was personally brokered by JP Morgan, the American banker who dominated corporate finance and industrial consolidation Jerome Increase Case at the time. In 1915, IH produced its first combine, and eight years later introduced the Farmall, the world’s first rowcrop tractor. Providing greater productivity, reliability and safety, it was part of a revolutionary unified system of tractors and implements for all major farm tasks. The firm went on to sell more than five million Farmall tractors. In 1977, IH launched a new combine design that was to revolutionise high-output harvesting, bringing with it more thorough yet gentler threshing than had previously been possible. Doing away with a drumand-concave and straw walkers, and replacing them with a single longitudinal rotor and concave that handled both threshing and separation tasks, the AxialFlow was revolutionary in its simplicity and crop adaptability, and produced significant advances in grain quality and grain savings. Case IH was formed in 1985, shortly after the then parent of JI Case acquired the agricultural division of International Harvester, uniting the legacies of Case and IH in a single brand. The first product to be developed by the merged team of designers and engineers was the Magnum tractor, a clean-sheet design introduced in 1987 and spanning 155246hp. It became the first tractor to win the Industrial Design Excellence Award. Today,

Historical combines harvesting equipment

after sales of more than 150 000, Magnum retains its core characteristics, but has been completely redesigned, with models of up to 419hp available, and with a unique Rowtrac rear track option. In 1996, Case IH launched the revolutionary Quadtrac, the industry’s first articulated high-hp rubber-tracked tractor, featuring oscillating tracks on each corner for maximum ground contact at all times, and with pivot steering for smooth, scuff-free turning. During the same period, Case IH also launched its first Advanced Farming System technology, enabling farmers to begin to benefit from developments such as auto-steering and yield mapping. With levels of repeatability down to as little as 2,5cm, AFS has helped to maximise the efficiency of inputs by minimising wastage. In 2000 came the introduction to midrange Case IH tractors of CVT continuouslyvariable transmissions that have since become widely recognised for benefits ranging from stepless travel to the ability to work at set engine or forward speeds. Today Case IH continues to focus on innovative developments to help make farming more productive. Tractors such as the Magnum 380 CVX and Optum 300 CVX have won a raft of awards acknowledging the benefits their design brings to agriculture. And Case IH continues to focus on the future, as evidenced by developments such as the Autonomous Concept Vehicle, revealed at the 2016 Farm Progress Show in the USA and designed to help address labour shortages and produce food as efficiently as possible. “The 175th anniversary of Case IH is a testament to many years of quality, perseverance and progress,” says Peter Friis, who has recently been appointed to the role of Case IH marketing director for the Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) region. “It also allows us to reflect on our guiding principles of innovative engineering, efficient power and agronomic design, which create a philosophy that will continue into the future. “Reflecting on the enormous transformation that has taken place in agriculture over the past 175 years makes it very exciting to look forward to what might be achieved during the next 175.” agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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agri Promosie/Promotional

BMG provides engineering solutions to optimise productivity BMG’s KZN field service team has been involved in a number of field service projects in the local sugar industry during recent off crop seasons, as well as dealing with urgent breakdowns in sugar mills and refineries.

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recent field service project completed during the previous off crop season was a turnkey insitu replacement of diffuser head shaft bearings and the complete refurbishment of the multi misalignment couplings driving each end of the head shaft. “BMG’s design and installation team faced many challenges during this project, including the lack of engineering drawings required for the manufacture of replacement components. This meant bearing sleeves could only be final machined after the extraction of components, some of which had been in operation for approximately 20 years,” says Chris Johns, regional manager, KZN and Swaziland of BMG. “Restricted space for moving enormous components added to the difficulties of the project. Due to extended reach of the head shaft, it was not feasible to use the conventional approach of using mobile cranes. Instead, support structures were specially manufactured and placed under

Downtime, as a result of breakdown or routine maintenance, is a critical factor affecting efficiency and production in the sugar industry. BMG’s KZN field service team has been involved in a number of field service projects in the local sugar industry during recent off crop seasons, as well as dealing with urgent breakdowns in sugar mills and refineries.

the 126 ton head shaft and used to jack the shaft up and out of the pedestals, allowing the team access to replace the 900 mm bore diameter bearings. “BMG coped with extremely tight timeframes to manufacture replacement components and complete project, which also involved the installation of new bearings and adaptor sleeves, as well as new keys and connector arms for the couplings.” BMG’s field service team has recently attended to a failure on a mill gearbox in KZN, where the coupling box had seized, causing excessive axial loading on the final drive bearings, resulting in failure of these

BMG KZN field service team - sugar breakdown at mill in KZN 1

BMG KZN field service team - sugar diffuser head shaft project 1

BMG KZN field service team - sugar breakdown at mill in KZN 2

BMG KZN field service team - sugar diffuser head shaft project 3

bearings. The complete mill gearbox had to be dismantled, all gearing dressed and damaged components repaired. Scope of operations also included fitting and mounting of all bearings, re-assembly of the gearbox and alignment and blueing of all gearing. BMG supplied new bearings, adaptor and withdrawal sleeves, seals and grease for this project. Recent breakdowns in the sugar industry involved attending to a Dorstener mill gearbox in Swaziland and a shredder failure in KZN. BMG is committed to providing engineering solutions and technical services that optimise productivity, to make a difference to the efficiencies of every sugar mill and refinery. A wide range of products, selected especially for the sugar industry, is available from BMG, throughout Africa. These components include carrier and diffuser chain, knife and shredder bearing housings, custom sprockets and gear couplings, as well as steam gaskets, heat exchangers and hydraulic tools. Diffuser and mill gear boxes, in addition to mill lubrication and hydraulic systems, form a critical part of this range. BMG’s specialist services to the sugar sector include bearing and gearbox inspection, bearing and chain refurbishment, large size bearing assembly and alignment and balancing, as well as customised product design. BMG also offers a trouble shooting and maintenance service, condition monitoring and training. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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agri Promosie/Promotional

Troef haarwurms met nuwe entstof DR DANIE ODENDAAL (VEEARTSNETWERK)

Die ontwikkeling van ’n entstof teen parasiete is seker een van die beste voorbeelde waar vernuwende denke aanleiding gegee het tot ’n unieke oplossing vir ’n dieregesondheidsprobleem.

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aarwurms kan met reg beskryf word as die stil sluipmoordenaar wat die parasitiese oorsaak is van die meeste skaapvrektes in Suid-Afrika. Maar dan kan skaap- en bokboere met reg vra hoekom dit dan die geval is, terwyl ‘n magdom wurmdoders op die mark beskikbaar is. Eerstens moet ’n mens die ongelooflik vinnige ontwikkeling van hierdie parasiet duidelik verstaan. As dit warm genoeg is, broei die wurmeiers in die dier se mis uit. Larwes in die infektiewe larfstadium van die parasiet is op die weiding teenwoordig kort nadat die eerste goeie bui reën geval het. Sodra die larwes saam met die weiding deur die dier ingeneem word, volg ’n baie vinnige ontwikkelingsfase in die dier se melkpens voordat die volwasse wurms, vanaf net meer as twee weke, begin om ’n baie groot aantal eiers per dag (5 000 – 10 000 eiers per wyfie per dag) te produseer. Die gevolg is tweeledig: 1. Onvolwasse en volwasse wurms suip onver­ poos bloed en dit is hoekom hulle so vinnig kan ontwikkel; 2. Hierdie goeie voeding veroorsaak dat wyfies groot hoeveelhede eiers per dag kan produseer, wat dan aanleiding gee tot dramatiese besmetting van die weiding met meer wurmeiers, wat weer infektiewe larwes gaan word. So word die lewensiklus menigmaal gedurende die nat seisoen herhaal totdat ‘n baie groot wurmbevolking in een seisoen opgebou word.

Waar is die beperking met behandeling? Die oorgrote meerderheid van die wurmmiddels het nie ’n wesenlike náwerking nie en maak basies net die wurms dood wat in die dier teenwoordig is. Binne ‘n dag of meer word die diere dus weer besmet met haarwurmlarwes wat dadelik begin bloed suip en kan teen twee weke ná behandeling al weer groot bloedverlies veroorsaak. Hierdie kortwerkende middels is dus nie baie doeltreffend om bloedverlies te voorkom nie, al word dit gereeld toegedien (elke drie tot vier weke). Daar is wel enkele middels wat langerwerkend is, maar hulle het weer die nadeel, net soos in die geval van kortwerkende middels wat elke drie weke toegedien word, dat hulle baie doeltreffend vir wurmweerstand selekteer. Die konsep van seleksie van wurmweerstand moet weer eens op ’n eenvoudige manier verstaan word. Slegs volwasse wyfiewurms wat die lang­ werkende behandeling of opeenvolgende kortwerkende behandelings oorleef, sal eiers kan produseer wat aanleiding gee tot die volgende generasie van wurmlarwes op die weiding. Hoe meer intensief wurmmiddels gebruik word, hoe vinniger oorleef net die wurms wat nie vatbaar vir die behandeling is nie. Hoe meer intensief met kleinvee geboer word, veral op besproeide aangeplante weiding, hoe vinniger word daar vir haarwurmweerstand geselekteer totdat dit die enkele beperkende boerderyfaktor word.

Hoekom vrek skape so gou? As skape of bokke in ’n kamp wei met ’n hoë of baie hoë haarwurmlarfbesmetting, kan hulle vinnig vrek as die volgende som in ag geneem word: - Hoë haarwurminfestasie: • 1 000 tot 10 000 volwassenes lei tot bloed­ armoede, verswakking en tipiese kwakkeel­ sindroom; ’n groot aantal skape kan vrek as hulle nie betyds behandel word nie. • 10 000 wurms suip tot 500 ml bloed per dag. Bloedarmoede kan binne twee weke ontwikkel, omdat die skaap net nie vinnig genoeg nuwe bloed kan vorm nie. - Uiters hoë infestasie: • > 10 000 volwassenes lei tot ernstige bloedarmoede en skielike dood. • 20 000 wurms suip tot 1 liter bloed per dag. • Bloedarmoede kan binne een week ontstaan. In die geval van ’n uiters hoë infestasie kan geen of baie min uiterlike siektetekens gesien word voordat die dier vrek.

Nuwe denke en ’n unieke benadering Die Moredun-navorsingsinstituut in Skotland is bekend vir sy vernuwende denke en unieke navorsing. Hulle het ’n navorsingsdoel gestel vir die ontwikkeling van ’n unieke aanslag tot haarwurmbeheer. Die navorsingsdoelwit was om die bloedverlies te voorkom sodra die larwes begin voed en verder te voorkom dat die larwes ontwikkel tot volwasse wurms wat eiers produseer. Die navorsingsuitdaging was dus baie eenvoudig: 1. Voorkom bloedverlies wat deurlopend veroorsaak word deur larwes en volwasse wurms; en 2. Voorkom die produsering van ’n groot aantal eiers, wat weer aanleiding gee tot ’n hoë besmetting van die weiding. Die enigste manier om dit te bewerkstellig, was om die ontwikkeling van ’n entstof teen die wurms te ondersoek wat dwarsdeur die nat seisoen doeltreffend is. Navorsers het met die unieke gedagte na vore gekom om die slym­ vliesselle van die haarwurms se dermkanaal

te oes en dit te gebruik om ’n entstof te maak. Dit is sogenaamde verskuilde selle omdat die dier nooit daaraan blootgestel word nie, omdat dit net in die ingewande van die wurms voorkom. Dit beteken ook dat die diere nooit immuniteit teen die selle kon verwerf nie. Unieke werking van entstof Toe die haarwurm se slymvliesselle as ’n entstof in skape gespuit is, het dit ’n verworwe immuniteitsreaksie ontketen en die dier se immuniteitstelsel het teenliggaampies geproduseer teen die wurm se slymvliesselle wat die dermkanaal uitvoer. Sodra haarwurmlarwes begin bloed suig in ’n dier wat ingeënt is, sal die teenliggaam­ pies in die bloed bind aan die voering van die dermkanaal van die wurm en dit doeltreffend blokkeer sodat verteerde bloed in die derm­kanaal nie deur die wurm opgeneem kan word nie. Die eindresultaat is dat die larwes vrek omdat hulle nie voedingstowwe kan opneem om aan die lewe te bly nie. Die entstof ver­minder of verhoed dus beide bloedverlies en die wurms se oorlewing omdat eiers nie gepro­duseer kan word nie. Omdat die werking op die dier se eie weerstand gebaseer is, is daar ook baie min kans dat dit vir wurms kan selekteer wat weerstandig is vir hierdie effek. Die gebruik van hierdie tegnologies ­gevorderde entstof wat nou in Suid-Afrika beskikbaar is, is weliswaar nie so eenvoudig nie en sal net doeltreffend toegepas kan word in goed bestuurde kuddes waar veeboere bereid is om nuwe tegnologie met ’n nuwe benadering toe te pas. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Farm-Ag op die groeipad “Farm-Ag se doelwit is om op lang termyn ’n gerekende verskaffer van gewasbeskerming-oplossings vir die landbou in Afrika te word.” Farm-Ag het ten doel om voort te bou op sy uitgebreide ervaring as die voorste verskaffer van landbouchemikalieë aan die landbou bedryf regoor Afrika en daardeur homself in die breër landbousfeer te vestig. Farm-Ag het hom gevolglik verbind tot die verskaffing van nie alleen gehalteprodukte aan die Vasteland nie, maar ook om die nodige tegniese vaardighede en ondersteuningsdienste te bied aan ’n mark wat ongetwyfeld leiding vereis.

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arm-Ag International is in Maart 2011 in Durban gestig en het sedertdien uitstaande groei in sowel Suid-Afrika as Afrika ervaar. Dié groei het gepaard gegaan met ’n styging in die aantal produkte wat Farm-Ag sy kliënte bied, om nie van die toename in sy kliënte-basis te praat nie. Farm-Ag International fokus op die voorsiening van kostedoeltreffende oplossings aan sy kliënte deur landbouplaagdoders van gehalte aan hulle te voorsien, aangevul deur doeltreffende diensverskaffing en tegniese ondersteuning deur sy ervare tegniese span. Die maatskappy doen sake met boere op wie daar deurlopend druk is om insetkoste sover moontlik te beperk. Produkte word in-huis by sy doel­gemaak­ te fasiliteite geformuleer, maar ook van die voorste internasionale vervaardigers bekom en ingevoer. Dit word onder die Farm-Aghandelsmerk aan groot­handelaars, regstreeks aan grootskaal-landbou­produsente of via

verskaffers aan die eindgebruiker voorsien. Besondere klem word daarop gelê om die vereiste registrasies te verkry in lande waar die maatskappy sake doen. Dit het reeds gelei tot ’n aansienlike hoeveelheid registrasies in die betrokke Afrika-lande en die deurlopende vergroting van sy portefeulje om ’n mandjie produkte aan te bied aan die produsente van gewasse soos suiker, mielies, koring, katoen, vrugte en hout. Farm-Ag het tans meer as 100 produk­ registrasies in Suid Afrika alleen en ’n verdere 100 registrasies elders in Afrika. Die maatskappy se mikpunt is om jaarliks 15 nuwe registrasies in SuidAfrika alleen te handhaaf. Een van die maatskappy se grootste pluspunte is sy moderne, pasgemaakte laboratorium, wat nie alleen die nodige toetsing doen wat vereis word om nuwe produkte te registreer nie, maar ook deurlopend seker te maak dat die gehalte van bestaande produkte dieselfde bly. Elke besending produkte van Farm-Ag se Durbanaanleg word geëvalueer om te verseker dat dit deurgaans aan die streng standaarde voldoen. Farm-Ag is te alle tye ingestel op die omgewings- en gesondheidskwessies van produkte en is die hoogste internasionale standaarde is vir Farm-Ag ’n saak van

erns – nie alleen oor die welsyn van diegene wat sy produkte gebruik nie maar ook om die veiligheid te verseker van die eindprodukte wat wêreldwyd op winkelrakke beland. Nog ’n uiters belangrike rol van FarmAg se tegniese span en die laboratorium is die identifikasie en registrasie van veilige alternatiewe vir produkte wat nie meer veilig vir gebruik geag word nie. Die maatskappy is deurlopend op soek na alternatiewe wat boere in staat sal stel om chemikalieë met oordeel te gebruik maar terselfdertyd optimaal te produseer. Farm-Ag handhaaf en koester sy groot betrokkenheid in die suikerbedryf steeds. Die Farm-Ag span het egter die nodigheid vir verdere diversifisering van sy produk-aanbod raakgesien en sodoende produkregistrasies gekoop vanaf Cipla Agricare. Dit het toegang tot produsente verseker wat mielies, sitrus, sojabone en ander gewasse produseer en die waardevolle basis voorsien vir verdere uitbreiding. Farm-Ag het nie daar opgehou nie en in 2013 sowat R12 miljoen geïnvesteer om sy produksiefasiliteite in geheel op te gradeer. Dit het die vervanging van uitgediende toerusting en die verjonging van ondoeltreffende stelsels ingesluit. Die eindresultaat is moderne geriewe in staat om produkte van die hoogste spesifikasies te vervaardig. Dié fasiliteite het ’n ISO 9001:2008-akkreditasie. Farm-Ag is ook trots op die erkenning wat hy in die breër sake-omgewing geniet. Sertifiserings van onder meer CropLife SA, ’n vereniging wat verantwoordelike vervaardigers en verskaffers van gewasbeskermingsprodukte verteenwoordig, en Avcasa, wat die gewasbeskerming- en dieregesondheidbedrywe in Suid-Afrika verteenwoordig, getuig hiervan. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Die rol van inokulante in kuilvoerkwaliteit Deur: Dr Hannes Viljoen (PhD) (Pr. Sci. Nat) 400225/86 Animal Nutrition & Health (Edms) Bpk

Kuilvoer bly ‘n uiters belangrike bestanddeel in voeding van suiwelen voerkraal beeste. By hoë kwaliteit kuilvoer en hoogstaande prestasie, verskerp die fokus op nutriënt preservering, -kwaliteit en – beskikbaarheid. ‘n Biologiese sisteem so kompleks as die maak van ‘n hoë kwaliteit kuilvoer kan egter nie ligtelik opgeneem word nie. Die kennis en tegnologie is egter tot beskiking van die produsent om sukses te verseker. Alhoewel inokulante as hulpmiddel ‘n groot effek op die versekering van kuilvoerkwaliteit het, kan dit nie die kritiese faktore by die maak van kuilvoer vervang nie. Die faktore is onder andere die beskikbare toerusting, opgeleide arbeidsmag wat hulle take verstaan, snystadium, (regte droëmateriaal inhoud), snylengte, flinke en goeie kompaktering, vinnige en goeie bedeking van die materiaal asook bestuur met die uitvoer uit die bunker en vele meer. Ander hulpmiddels soos inokulering van kuilvoer is sekerlik een van die tegnologiese produkte wat die produsent kan gebruik om prestasie en winste te verhoog. Hierdie tegnologie kan vrugtevol gebruik word om droëmateriaal (DM) verliese te beperk, voedingstowwe soos proteïen en energie te bewaar, produkte smaaklik en vars te hou en dus die dier se prestasie uiteindelik te verhoog. Dit hang van die produsente af om ‘n kritiese effek op die biologiese prosesse uit te oefen en uiteindelik die sukses van die eindproduk en gevolglike diereprestasie te beheer. Hoekom is kuilvoer inokulante van waarde? Verskeie inokulante is kommersieel beskikbaar en moet die geskikte produk vir die doel benodig, gebruik word. Inokulante kan positiewe effekte op die fases van die kuilvoerproses hê (afhangende van die produk). Eerstens is daar die aanvanklike fermentasie proses wanneer kuilvoer gemaak word en tweedens die verkryging van aërobiese stabiliteit met die uithaal van kuilvoer uit die bunker en voer daarvan. Met inkuiling van mielies het die plante normaalweg ‘n hoë konsentrasie van natuurlike melksuurbakterie (epifitiese flora). Die samestelling van die epifitiese flora mag egter baie varieer afhangend van temperatuur en droëmateriaal toestande met die gevolg dat die uiteinde van die wilde fermentasie onvoorspelbaar is. In hoë kwaliteit kuilvoer, sal die werking van ‘n bekende bewese bakteriese samestelling egter die melksuurfermentasie beheer en domineer om ‘n meer voorspelbare resultaat te verkry. Hier speel homofermentiewe bakterie ‘n spesifieke rol (sluit die volgende in: Lactobacillus plantarum spesies, Enterococcus faecium, asook verskeie Pediococci spesies). Die opwindende unieke nuwe stam, Lactococcus Lactis 0224, het ook suurstof verminderende (oxygen scavenger) eienskappe wat vinnige preservering en minimum verliese tot gevolg het. Hierdie spesies verbeter die aanvanklike fermentasieproses deur die produksie van melksuur te bespoedig. ‘n Vinnige verlaging in pH (versuring) om onnodige fermetasie van die materiaal te voorkom met die gevolg dat proteïen-degradering verlaag, asook die groei van verskeie nadelige organismes soos enterobacteria en clostridia voorkom word. Die gevolg is ‘n vermindering in DM en nutriënt verliese, asook ‘n verhoging in voerinname en dus diereprestasie. Bygesê, homofermentiewe melksuurbakterie is nie baie effektief om aërobiese stabiliteit of raklewe van kuilvoer te verbeter nie. Vir die aerobiese stabiliteits fase word ook verskeie bakterie spesies gebruik waar die heterofermentiewe melksuurbakterie, L. Buchneri wyd aanvaar word as die produk wat die beste resultatue gee. Dit moet ook beklemtoon word dat daar verskillende stamme van L. Buchneri bekikbaar is en die prosusent moet verseker dat sy verskaffer se produk ‘n bewese prestasie gee. Die heterofermentiewe melksuurbakterie het egter self ‘n klein effek op die aanvanklike fermentasieproses, maar gedurende stoor word asynsuur gevorm wat ‘n effektiewe inhibeerder van gis en muf is. In Figuur 1 word die effek van so ‘n geselekteerde stam van L. Buchneri DSM22501 se effek op aërobiese stabiliteit geillustreer. Figuur 1: Aërobiese stabiliteit van mieliekuilvoer met die gebruik van ‘n kombinasie van L. Lactis en L. Buchneri (spesifieke stamme)

Dit is duidelik in die studie dat die kuilvoer wat die kombinasie inokulant ontvang het nog vars en koel was selfs tot 10 dae na inkuiling waar die kontrole reeds teen 2.5 dae gefermenteer en warm geword het. Hoe besluit die produsent watter inokulant gebruik moet word? Een tipe inokulant is nie noodwendig geskik vir alle situasies nie. Bestuurspraktyke soos bunker ontwerp, bunker bestuur met die verwydering van kuilvoer, temperatuur sowel as die periode van suurstof blootstelling na verwydering uit die bunker, het ‘n groot effek op kuilvoerkwaliteit en dus keuse van inokulant. Om effektiewe preserfering van ingekuilde materiaal te verkry asook die raklewe van verwyderde kuilvoer te verleng word ‘n kombinasie produk baie suksesvol gebruik. In so ‘n geval word die die homofermentiewe bakterie met bv. die heterofermentiewe organise, L. Buchneri, gekombineer om stimmulasie van vroeë fermentasie asook verlengde raklewe na verwydering uit die silo te verkry. Navorsings resultate het gewys dat die kombinasie van fyn geselekteerde stamme van sulke organismes die kwaliteit van kuilvoer op verskillende, maar komplimenterende maniere verhoog. Die kombinasie van L. Lactis 0224 en L. Buchneri DSM22501 het nie net die aërobiese stabilteit soos in Figuur 1 verbeter nie, maar ook Fungi vlakke (Tabel 1) en droëmateriaal verliese (DM) (Tabel 2) betekenisvol verlaag (Universiteits studie deur CHR Hansen, Denemarke) Tabel 1: Fungi in Kuilvoer, 90 dae fermentasie

Tabel 2: DM opbrengs in kuilvoer op dag 90

Behandeling

Muf cfu/g

Giste, cfu/g

Onbehandeld

1018

8600

Onbehandeld

93.2

L. Lactis + L Buchenri

15*

19*

L. Lactis + L Buchenri

96.1*

*Betekenisvol vir behandeling p<0.05

Behandeling

DM opbrengs (%)

* Betekenisvol vir behandeling p<0.05

Dit is baie duidelik die doelgerigte gebruik van ‘n kombinasie inokulant as tegnologiese hulpmiddel vir die produsent ‘n groot voordeel inhou. Die produsent moet egter ook seker maak dat die verskaffer en produk aan ‘n klopie vereistes voldoen soos: • Is die produk goed nagevors en is die inligting beskikbaar? • Dat die inokulant die regte hoeveelheid van effektiewe spesie/s (en stamme) bevat. • Dat die produk suustofvry verpak, reg gestoor word en binne die vervaldatum op die pakkie is • Dat die verskaffer ‘n primêre verskaffer van bakterie en kundig in mikrobiologie is. Dit moet egter beklemtoon word dat geen inokulant ‘n vinnige oplossing vir verkeerde bestuurspraktyke tydens die maak van kuilvoer asook met die uithaal en voer daarvan is nie. Die gebruik van kuilvoerinokulante is ‘n beskikbare tegnologie vir die produsent as hulpmiddel om te verseker dat die beste kuilvoerkwaliteit moontlik verkry word vir winsgewende diereproduksie. Die gebruik van ‘n produk met bewese organismes en nagevorsde resultate van ‘n bertoubare verskaffer is egter essensieel. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Vergoeding: Wat is regverdig en billik in die konteks van grondhervorming? ANNELIZE CROSBY, HOOF: LANDBOU-ONTWIKKELING

Die grond-debat is tans baie warm in Suid-Afrika en in wese gaan dit oor die kwessie van vergoeding – behoort huidige grondeienaars enigsins vergoed te word wanneer hulle grond vir grondhervormingsdoeleindes geteiken word, en indien wel, wat is regverdig en billik?

D

aar is skynbaar drie breë denkrigtings in dié verband: • Geen vergoeding; • Markwaarde-vergoeding plus verliese; • Billike en regverdige vergoeding soos beoog in die Grondwet. Die Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) en groeperinge soos Black First Land First (BFLF) propageer geen vergoeding nie. Hulle uitgangspunt is dat die grond gesteel is deur blanke grondeienaars se voorsate en derhalwe teruggeneem behoort te word sonder dat huidige grondeienaars vergoed word. Daar is skynbaar ook ‘n kamp binne die ANC wat hierdie benadering voorstaan van geen vergoeding aan huidige eienaars. Finansiers, grondeienaars en georganiseer­de landbou sou ’n benadering verkies waar vergoeding teen markwaarde geskied en waar werklike finansiële verliese wat sodanige grondeienaars mag lei, ook vergoed word. Dit is ook die benadering wat in die meeste lande gevolg word waar grond op gedwonge wyse deur die staat bekom word. Die Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) van die Verenigde Nasies se Lessenaar op Grondbesit-studies het in 2008 ‘n handleiding gepubliseer oor die beste praktyk oor gedwonge verkryging.1 In die handleiding bevind die FAO onder meer dat: “Compensation, whether in financial form or as replacement land or structures, is at the heart of compulsory acquisition. As a direct result of government action, people lose their homes, their land, and at times their means of livelihood. Compensation is to repay them for these losses, and should be based on principles of equity and equivalence. The principle of equivalence is crucial to determining compensation: affected owners and occupants should be neither 1

http://www.fao.org/3/a-i0506e.pdf

http://www.kas.de/wf/doc/kas_2703-1522-230.pdf?040114114341 3 Questioning Market-Led Agrarian Reform: Experiences from Brazil, Colombia and South Africa: Saturnino M Borras: Journal of Agrarian Change: 3 June 2003 2

enriched nor impoverished as a result of the compulsory acquisition.” Die Grondwet vereis dat regverdige en billike vergoeding betaal moet word, wat ‘n billike ewewig bewerkstellig tussen die openbare belang en die belang van diegene wat geraak word. Daar is nog nie klinkklare duidelikheid oor presies hoe daar uiting gegee moet word aan hierdie bepalings van die Grondwet nie. Daar was wel al enkele hofuitsprake wat in hierdie artikel in ‘n bietjie meer besonderhede gehanteer sal word. Die Suid-Afrikaanse samelewing gaan ‘n manier moet vind om ‘n pad vorentoe te vind tussen hierdie drie uiteenlopende standpunte van volle vergoeding, billike en regverdige vergoeding en geen vergoeding. En dit gaan ‘n kritiese keuse wees, wat die toekoms van elke burger van ons pragtige land en ons kollektiewe toekoms as SuidAfrikaners wesenlik kan beïnvloed. Internasionale perspektiewe Daar is beslis lesse te leer uit die ervaring van ander lande en die benaderings wat hulle gevolg het ten opsigte van vergoeding by grondhervorming en die nagevolge van die verskillende benaderings. Die bekendste voorbeeld van grondhervorming sonder vergoeding is natuurlik Zimbabwe. Daar is al baie geskryf oor die ekonomiese en ander gevolge van Zimbabwe se grond­hervormings­program. Sommige skrywers het selfs al geargumenteer dat daar ook positiewe uitkomste was. Daar kan egter geen twyfel wees nie dat die radikale grondhervormingsprogramme in Zimbabwe die landbou-uitvoer heeltemal vernietig het, gelei het tot grootskaalse hongersnood onder die bevolking en ‘n uiters negatiewe impak op die Zimbabwiese

ekonomie gehad het. Bertus de Villiers skryf in ‘n artikel getiteld “Land reform issues and challenges”: “If land reform is pursued merely on the basis of political ideology and expediency, the economic and social costs will soon outstrip the perceived benefits of radical land acquisition.” 2 Daar is basies twee breë benaderings tot grondhervorming, naamlik: • Staatsgedrewe grondhervorming; • Markgedrewe grondhervorming. Die Wêreldbank is ‘n sterk voorstander van die markgedrewe model. Die verskille tussen die twee modelle is deur Saturnino M Borras soos volg uiteengesit:3 >>> bladsy 82 agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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agri Nuus/News <<< bladsy 81 State, market and community Table 1: Key features of state- and market-led approaches based on the pro-market explanations Issues State-led

Market-Led

Getting access to land Aquisition Coercive: cash-bond pyments at below method market prices Beneficiaries Supply-driven: beneficiaries state-selected Implementation Statist-centralised; transparancy and method accountabilty – low degree

Voluntary; 100% cash payment based on 100% market value of land Demand-driven: self-selected Privatised-decentralised; transparancy and accountabilty – high degree

Place and Protracted; politically and legally nature contentious

Quick; politically and legally non-contentious

Land prices

Higher

Lower

Land markets

Land reform; cause and effect aggravates land market distortions; progressive land tax and titling programme not required

Land reform; cause and effect of land market stimulation; progressive land tax and titling programme required

Post-land transfer farm and beneficiary development Programme Farm development plans after land sequence; sequence distribution: Protracted development uncertain and anaemic post-land and transfer development; extension service extension statist-centralised = inefficient service

Farm development plans before pace of redistribution: Quick, certain and dynamic post-land transfer development; extension service privatised-decentralised = efficient

Credit and investments

Low credit supply and low investments

Increased credit and investments

Exit options

None

Ample

Mechanism

State ‘universal’ subsidies; sovereign guarantee; beneficiaries pay subsidised land price, ‘dole-out’ mentality among beneficiaries

Flexible loan-grant mechanism; co-sharing of risks; beneficiaries shoulder full cost of land; farm development cost given via grant

Cost of reform

High

Low

Financing

Source: Borras, 2003, 374.

In byna alle opsigte lewer die mark­ gedrewe benadering dus beter resultate. Dit is ook moontlik om ’n kombinasie van mark­gedrewe en staatsgedrewe programme te volg. In ‘n 2007-navorsingstuk deur die landelike ontwikkeling-instituut van die Asiatiese Ontwikkelingsbank, word ‘n analise gedoen van waardasie en vergoeding by hervestiging en word daar veral gekyk na die ervaring in Indië, Kambodja en Sjina.4 In die artikel word daar gewys op die negatiewe impakte van gedwongwe verskuiwing op diegene wat daardeur geraak word. Daar word onder meer gesê: “Develop­ment projects ultimately aim to improve people’s well-being. Yet, such projects frequently result in direct negative impacts on some portion of the population. 4 http://www.landesa.org/wp-content/ uploads/2011/01/ADB-RDI_Report_on_Land_ Taking_Law_and_Practice_in_China_India_ Cambodia.pdf

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Perhaps, chief among those negatively impacted are those whose assets are taken by the authorities as part of the project. This typically occurs because the project requires land. As such, those people living on, working on, or otherwise benefiting from the land and its related resources become ‘losers.’ Frequently, such people become involuntarily displaced and have to resettle elsewhere. For those affected, involuntary displacement means a drastic disruption fraught with risks of impoverishment.” Die navorsingstuk ondersoek onder meer die internasionale ervaring ten opsigte van vergoeding vir grond wat geneem word vir grondhervorming en ontwikkeling. In dié verband bevind hulle die volgende: “Most countries have developed land expropriation or acquisition laws to restrict their government’s exercise of its eminent domain power and have accumulated instructive experience in implementing those laws.

Such laws typically: (i) define the cases in which the government can exercise its power; (ii) describe the rights and participation of those persons whose assets are being taken; (iii) define the lost assets for which compensation is payable; and (iv) define the level of compensation that is payable for those assets. Until relatively recently, development-caused forced displacement of a population was considered a ‘sacrifice’ some people had to make for the larger good. The conventional ‘remedy’ employed in projects to respond to resettlers’ dispossession and economic and social disruption was compensation for lost assets. Resettlement programs in general were limited to statutory monetary compensation for land and other assets acquired as specified in the relevant expropriation law. Perceptions are changing, however, in large part because of a growing awareness of the actual and potential adverse social, economic, and environmental consequences of population displacement. Policy makers, planners, and practitioners are increasingly accepting that displaced persons should not bear any of the externality costs and that rather than trying to reduce some of the burden imposed on the displaced, the approach should focus on fully restoring, if not improving, the well-being of projectaffected persons.” Die artikel bevind verder, spesifiek oor die kwessie van vergoeding, dat: “Most countries around the world have constitutional and/ or statutory standards that call for ‘market value’ or ‘fair market value’ compensation for lost assets that the state expropriates. Based on constitutional requirements, many countries have developed standards for determining ‘just compensation.’ Most high- and middle-income countries with wellfunctioning legal systems have adopted ‘fair market value’ of the expropriated asset as the standard for determining compensation for state expropriations. The fair market value is commonly defined as ‘the amount that the land might be expected to realize if sold in the open market by a willing seller to a willing buyer’. The underlying reason for adopting the fair market value standard is that the market is an objective gauge for assessing the value of the land.“ Die oproep vir onteiening sonder vergoe­ ding deur sekere groepe in Suid-Afrika staan in skrille kontras hierteen. Daar is skynbaar ‘n verwagting by hierdie groepe dat enkele individuele kommersiële boere die totale koste moet dra vir iets wat gesien word as in die groter belang te wees. Suid-Afrikaanse Grondwet Suid-Afrika se Grondwet maak voorsiening vir regverdige en billike vergoeding by >>> bladsy 83


agri Nuus/News

<<< bladsy 82 onteiening wat ‘n billike ewewig toon tussen die openbare belang en die belange van diegene wat deur die onteiening geraak word. Daar word geen ruimte gelaat in die Grondwet vir onteiening sonder vergoeding nie. Sodra ‘n optrede as ‘n onteiening gedefinieer kan word, moet daar vergoeding betaal word. Dit is, terloops, ook nie moontlik om die bepalings van die Grondwet wat beskerming aan eiendomsreg verleen, te wysig deur middel van ‘n referendum, soos wat president Jacob Zuma onlangs te kenne gegee het nie. ‘n Fundamentele reg wat in die Grondwet beskerm word, kan slegs gewysig word indien die proses wat in artikel 74 van die Grondwet voorgeskryf word, gevolg word. Dit behels ‘n tweederde-meerderheid wat in die Nasionale Vergadering ten gunste daarvan stem en verder dat ses van die nege provinsies in die Nasionale Raad op Provinsies ook ten gunste daarvan stem. Dit is ook belangrik om daarop te let dat artikel 39 van die Grondwet (wat handel met die uitleg van die Handves van Regte) bepaal dat ‘n hof, by die uitleg van enige van die fundamentele regte en waarvan eiendomsreg een is, die volkereg in ag moet neem. Die howe moet ook die waardes van ‘n oop en demokratiese samelewing gebaseer op menswaardigheid, gelykheid en vryheid, in ag neem en kan ook buitelandse reg in ag neem. Die reg op eiendom word beskerm in talle volkereginstrumente soos die Verenigde Nasies se Universele Verklaring van Menseregte. Daar is al baie geskryf oor billike en regverdige vergoeding en wat moontlik is binne die Grondwet en wat nie. Dit staan vas dat die Grondwet nie markwaarde as die enigste maatstaf vir vergoeding aanvaar nie. Artikel 25(3) vereis dat alle relevante faktore by die bepaling van regverdige en billike vergoeding in ag geneem moet word, en noem dan spesifiek vyf faktore. Dié vyf faktore is: • Die huidige gebruik van die eiendom; • Die geskiedenis van die verkryging van die eiendom; • Die markwaarde van die eiendom; • Die omvang van regstreekse belegging en 5 http://www.saflii.org/za/cases/ZACC/2005/9. pdf 6 Compensation for Expropriation under the Constitution: Wilhelmina Jacoba du Plessis: 2009: Stellenbosch Universitei;

Msiza v Director-General for the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform and Others (LCC133/2012) [2016] ZALCC 12; 2016 (5) SA 513 (LCC) (5 July 2016) 7

subsidie deur die staat in die verkryging en verbetering van die eiendom; en • Die doel van die onteiening. Daar was al enkele hofsake waarin die Grondwethof ‘n aanduiding gegee het van hul interpretasie van artikel 25(3). Die vernaamse saak was dié van Du Toit v Minister of Transport5, waar die uitgangspunt van die Grondwethof was dat markwaarde as die vertrekpunt geneem moet word en daarna kan bedrae wat regverdig en billik is moontlik daarvan afgetrek word. Daar is al doktorale tesisse geskryf oor vergoeding by onteiening ingevolge die Suid-Afrikaanse Grondwet.6 Elmien du Plessies maak ‘n saak uit in haar doktorale tesis dat die basis van vergoeding sogenaamde “demoraliseringskoste” eerder as markwarde behoort te wees en verder dat ons Grondwet ‘n proporsionele benadering vereis waar die regte van die geaffekteerde individu gebalanseer word met dié van die gemeenskap. Sy argumenteer dat markwaarde gewoonlik meer sal wees as demoraliseringskoste. ‘n Amerikaanse ekonoom, ene Frank Michelman, het vorendag gekom met die konsep van demoraliseringskoste. Die argumente kom daarop neer dat, indien die doel van die onteiening van groot openbare belang is, dit geregverdig mag wees om vergoeding teen minder as markwaarde te betaal. Die demoraliserings-argument gaan uit van die veronderstelling dat mense verwagtinge het oor wat hulle uit ‘n situasie gaan kry (uitsette), afhangende van die insette wat hulle maak. Wanneer die verwagte uitset nie realiseer nie, word mense gedemotiveer of gedemoraliseer. Die Grondeisehof het onlangs in die saak van Msiza v Uys ‘n arbitrêre aftrekking van die ooreengekome landbouwaarde van R1,8 miljoen gemaak op grond daarvan dat dit geregverdig was om ‘n bedrag van R300 000,00 af te trek omdat die grond vir grondhervormingsdoeleindes geneem word.7 Die saak gaan egter nou op appèl en Agri SA het betrokke geraak by die saak as ‘n vriend van die hof. Agri SA sal onder meer argumenteer dat die doel van vergoeding – soos deur die Grondwet vereis – is om die geaffekteerde grondeienaar te vergoed vir die verlies van sy of haar eiendom. Markwaarde is die enigste wyse waarop die omvang van daardie verlies vasgestel kan word. Daarom behoort markwaarde die beginpunt te wees vir enige vasstelling van regverdige en billike vergoeding. ‘n Benadering waar daar lukraak aftrekkings gedoen

kan word van die markwaarde, is onbillik, irrassioneel en arbitrêr. Enige aftrekkings wat gedoen word van die markwaarde, moet behoorlik gekwantifiseer en gesubstansieer kan word. Die koste van grondhervorming, wat in die openbare belang is, moet deur belastingbetalers in die algemeen gedra word en kan nie op onbillike wyse afgewentel word op enkele grondeienaars nie. Agri SA hoop om ‘n duidelike uitleg van die Appèlhof te kry oor hoe regverdige en billike vergoeding ingevolge die Grondwet bereken behoort te word. Regulasies in terme van die Wet op Eiendomswaardering Die parlement het in 2014 die Wet op Eiendomswaardering aangeneem. Ingevolge hierdie wetgewing mag die staat nou geen grond vir grondhervormingsdoeleindes aankoop, tensy die waardasie goedgekeur is deur die kantoor van die waardeerdergeneraal nie. Die Wet magtig die minister van landelike ontwikkeling en grondhervorming om regulasies te maak wat onder meer die kriteria, prosedure en riglyne vir die waardasie van eiendom in terme van die Wet neerlê. Sodanige regulasies is op 21 April 2017 in konsepvorm gepubliseer vir openbare kommentaar. Die regulasies poog onder meer om inhoud te gee aan die faktore wat genoem word in artikel 25(3) van die Grondwet en skryf ook voor hoe waarde bepaal moet word. Die voorgestelde wyse van berekening van waarde is soos volg: Huidige gebruikswaarde (in wese produksiewaarde) plus markwaarde, gedeel deur twee, minus voordele verkry uit staatsubsidies en hulp. Daar is vrese dat hierdie metode van waardasie sekere landbouers ernstig kan benadeel. Agri SA het ook kommer dat daar by wyse van regulasies gepoog word om ‘n bepaalde interpretasie te koppel aan faktore in die Grondwet wat eintlik deur die howe geïnterpreteer en ontwikkel behoort te word. Daar was intense konsultasie deur die waardeerder-generaal met Agri SA se strukture oor die regulasies en omvattende

>>> bladsy 87 agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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The tide is turning LEON FOURIE, COMMERCIAL DIRECTOR: AQS LIQUID TRANSFER

The rise in the cost of electricity since 2007 has been over 300%; against a 50% increase in the inflation rate over the same period. This cost of power has begun driving the change to more energy efficient products.

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hanges include changing light bulbs to energy savers, moving from electrical cooking to gas and installing solar water heaters. Some even borrowed against their bonds to get off the grid completely. The question is what more can be done. Ten years ago, no-one outside of industry professionals had heard the term “inverter driven”. Today almost all household appliances, air conditioners, compressors, high speed packaging lines, conveyors, escalators, elevators, electrical motor vehicles, crushers, blenders and water pumps are fitted with this technology that follows the duty requirement by varying the rotating speed of the electrical driver. This action allows the highest efficiency point to move parallel to the duty point, as opposed to having the duty point slide up and down the efficiency ladder. Research of cost saving between the traditional and the new operating system seems to suggest that a 30% cost saving is achievable (specific to centrifugal pump application) over the

lifespan of such unit. In pumping technology, the difference in efficiency between traditional end-suction (single impeller type) pumps and modern design, vertical, multi-stage, in-line type pumps can be up to 20%. The traditional pumps can generate operating pressures of up to 10bar, the modern up to 35bar. Both types have similar suction capabilities and both are suitable for use with river or dam water. If you have a traditional end suction type pump, directly driven (and without frequency inversion) by a 30kw motor, let’s say, you would conservatively be paying around R1.20/kWh. An hour of operation would cost R36. If you were to use a modern in-line, vertical, multi-stage pump unit with the same duty requirement and controlled via a frequency inverter, you are likely to pay R20.16 to get the same result. This saving becomes more profound when the pump has a duty cycle of four hours a day (R1900/ month) or if the pump driver is larger than in this example. A recent project utilises a total of 66.2kw

to provide a maximum duty that would have required 81kW from a traditional end suction type system. The combined annual saving due to the combination of system efficiency and duty-specific frequency inversion would predictively amount to 47,4%. The payback time for the difference in capital cost for this specific project is 12,5 months. A total of eight VEGA pumps (two jockeys and six masters) and fitted with VEGA variable speed drives (vsd) were used to give duty flexibility of 80%. This system incorporates an active jockey and master to ensure 100% availability. The VEGA variable speed drives provide inherent characteristics of protection and operation that include soft start/stop, over/ underload, phase failure monitoring, auto reset, dry run protection, burst pipe condition monitoring, blue tooth/remote operation and more. VEGA systems are designed and manufactured in South Africa. AQS Liquid Transfer (member of Axflow Group) supplies system design services, technical expertise and field support throughout southern and sub-Saharan Africa.

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PROTECTS YOUR CROP AGAINST DAMAGE CAUSED BY SEVERE WEATHER CONDITIONS 86 wind | sunburn | frost | hail agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page


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Valuer-general holds four workshops with Agri SA on valuation regulations for land reform purposes ANNELIZE CROSBY, HEAD AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

Draft regulations in terms of the Property Valuation Act of 2014 were published for public comment on 21 April 2017. The deadline for written submissions on the draft regulations was 20 June.

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he Property Valuation Act established an office of the valuer-general and provides for the regulation of the valuation of property that has been identified for land reform. Section 20 of the Act provides that the minister of rural development and land reform may make regulations with regard to – (a) any matter the office of the valuer-general is required or permitted to determine in terms of this Act; (b) the criteria, procedures and guidelines for the valuation of property in terms of this Act; (c) a system to monitor compliance with the criteria and procedures contemplated in paragraph(b). Agri SA invited the valuer-general to a meeting of its Agricultural Development Centre of Excellence in November of last year, and the valuer-general then undertook to consult extensively with Agri SA on the proposed regulations. Even though Agri SA submitted written comments on the draft regulations by 20 June, the valuer-general also conducted four workshops with Agri SA members on the draft regulations. These workshops took place in Pretoria, Pietermaritzburg, Stellenbosch and Bloemfontein during June and July. All the workshops were well attended by provincial affiliations, commodity organisations and even some private valuers and representatives from financial institutions. Discussions were robust

but were conducted in a good spirit. The valuer-general allowed further written inputs following each of the workshops. Concerns that were raised in all the workshops centred around the proposed definitions of “current use value”, “net present value”, “acquisition benefits” and the proposed way in which value will be determined – adding current use value and market value together and dividing the result by two, and then subtracting possible acquisition benefits. Questions were also posed in all the workshops as to whether the regulations will also be used to determine just and equitable compensation if expropriation takes place. Concerns were raised that some of the contents of the proposed regulations was not in line with section 25(3) of the

Constitution and this was an attempt to give a particular content to some of the factors listed in section 25(3). There does not seem to be clarity of what kind of past subsidies and state investment would be regarded as acquisition benefits. The valuer-general invited proposals in this regard. The regulations will now be finalised after the department of rural development and land reform has studied all the comments. The valuer-general assured participants in the workshops that their written inputs following the workshops would also still be considered. The minister is, however, not obliged to publish the revised regulations again for further comment once he has altered the draft regulations following public comment.

vir die landbousektor en die ekonomie in die geheel. Internasionale beste praktyk is gebaseer op die beginsel van ekwivalensie,8 waarvan die grondslag is dat ‘n persoon vir die ware en werklike verlies wat hy of sy ly, vergoed moet word. Dit is daarop gemik om so persoon in dieselfde posisie te plaas as wat hy of sy sou gewees het indien hulle eiendom nie geneem is nie. Daar bestaan nog nie voldoende duidelikheid oor die interpretasie en toepassing van die beginsels van regverdige en billike vergoeding in terme van ons Grondwet nie. Uiteindelik kan net die howe groter duidelikheid in hierdie verband bring.

Agri SA is van plan om ‘n rigtinggewende rol in hierdie proses te bly speel om in belang van Suid Afrika se langtermyntoekoms ‘n volhoubare en billike benadering in hierdie verband te help teweeg bring.

<<< bladsy 83 insette is gemaak. Die finale regulasies word afgewag. Slotsom Vergoeding van grondeienaars wie se grond vir grondhervormingsdoeleindes geneem word, moet bepaal word volgens oorwegings van billikheid en in die lig van internasionale beste praktyk en mag nie gedikteer word deur korttermynpolitieke opportunisme, wraakmotiewe of bekostigbaarheidsoorwegings wat die gevolg is van ontoereikende begrotings of swak besteding nie. Kortpaaie wat daarop gemik is om sulke grondeienaars te ondervergoed, kan ernstige langtermyngevolge inhou

8 Law of Compulsory Purchase and Compensation: Michael Barnes: Hart Publishing 2014: https://books.google.co.za/books?id =9dOdBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA86&lpg=PA86& dq=equivalence+in+compensation&source =bl&ots=K5JGbHszEA&sig=mBKFILeuHveIE V1f7a1_usItOcQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahU KEwjsltflwIPVAhUICMAKHZQABMwQ6AEIMz AD#v=onepage&q=equivalence%20in%20 compensation&f=false

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Towing a total of over 30 tonnes of rock around an open quarry is hard work. That’s why it’s one of the Science of Tough tests we put the Ford RANGER through. And with 470Nm of torque, 4-wheel drive and 3 500kg towing capability, the RANGER passed with flying colours. Definitely tough done smarter.

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Ford offers South Africa’s farming community a wide range of Ranger bakkie models The Ford brand, a long-time supplier of vehicles suitable for use by the South African farming community, has over the years launched various models from Fordson tractors to bakkies and large trucks. In fact, Ford’s global involvement in agriculture harks back to company founder Henry Ford launching the Fordson tractor in 1917.

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here is no doubt that the role of agriculture in South Africa is crucial in terms of job creation, especially in rural areas and is an integral earner of foreign exchange. Ford’s current thrust within the bakkie segment speaks directly to the country’s larger economical narrative. The Ranger is fast becoming the brand of choice for more and more farmers. Strong demand from the agricultural community has catapulted the Ford Ranger into strong sales positions in both the one-ton bakkie and overall vehicle categories after the first half of 2017. Ford’s range of locally-built Rangers is testament to how the brand is listening as carefully as it can to its customers to meet and surpass their needs and expectations. With 36 Ranger derivatives now available, this is a fully-comprehensive line-up in the light commercial vehicle (LCV) market segment. The Ranger prides itself on redefining the local bakkie market with a raft of technological advances in terms of innovative comfort, convenience, and driver-assist features, with the range-topping Wildtrak boasting some of the most advanced driver-assist technologies yet seen in the local LCV segment. Ford further added an important variant to the Ranger line-up recently with the introduction of a range which combined the economical 2.2-litre turbodiesel engine with the driving convenience of a six-speed automatic transmission. This model range, available in three body options: Single Cab, Double Cab, and Super Cab, is in fact the only single-cab one-ton bakkie in South Africa with the option of an automatic transmission. There are two trim and equipment levels for the 2.2 automatic models for single cabs – XL and XLS – as well as a choice of 4x2 or 4x4 transmission. You also have the option of a 2.2 XLT automatic (double cab only).

The Ford Ranger continues to be one of South Africa’s topselling vehicles overall as well as in the crucial light commercial vehicle (LCV) sector. Ford saw domestic sales of 5 561 vehicles in South Africa in July grabbing an 11.9% market share and bringing its year-to-date market share in the region to 12.4%. The Ranger 2.2 automatic has already hit it off with many farmers, helping them negotiate traffic congestion when going into the town or city, while the self-shifting gearbox also fares well when driving leisurely on the farm, or in deep sand. Another consideration is the Ranger XL, which takes a step up from the specification of the base model. Externally it is distinguished by a body-coloured front bumper and daytime running lights. Inside the cabin of the XL is Ranger’s all-new instrument panel, plus power-operated windows, remote central locking, audio controls on the steering wheel, speed-sensitive windscreen wipers and a volumetric alarm system for added security. An additional 12-Volt power point is located at the rear of the centre console on Super Cab and Double Cab models. The radio is equipped with features such as Bluetooth®, as well as provision for USB and Auxiliary inputs. Safety levels have been stepped up in the latest Ranger. All models with the XL specification incorporate anti-skid ABS brakes with Electronic Brakeforce Distribution, as well as an Electronic Stability Control programme with Traction Control and Hill Launch Assist, plus Hill Descent Control on the 4x4 models. The XLS specification offers an even higher level of standard equipment. Externally it

is differentiated by a body-coloured rear bumper, front fog lamps, silver-painted grille, and mirrors, with 16-inch alloy wheels. It also gains functional items such as black sidesteps on the Super Cab and Double Cab, a differential lock, spare wheel lock, a tow bar, front mudflaps and a high-mounted stop lamp with rear load box illumination. The interior of the XLS takes comfort to a new level, with the stylish instrument panel incorporating SYNC® with a CD player and Bluetooth® with voice activation, cruise control with a speed limiter, power-adjustable side mirrors, leather steering wheel and the addition of curtain airbags on the Super Cab and Double Cab variants. Customers buying the XLS models can add optional extras such as a rear parking sensor with reverse camera, automatic headlight activation, rain-sensing windscreen wipers and an electro chromatic rear-view mirror. “The Ranger, which is manufactured alongside the Everest SUV at our Silverton plant, is a mainstay of Ford’s product range in South Africa, and we are aware of the importance of it appealing strongly to the farming community,” explained Greg Snodgrass, LCV Brand Manager at Ford Motor Company of Southern Africa. Ford is also a regular exhibitor at the NAMPO Harvest Day festival in Bothaville, which works very well for the company and our dealers by providing an ideal event and venue for two-way communication between the company and its customers and potential buyers. It is for this reason that we are continually evaluating possible further additions to our Ranger line-up and are very pleased with the reception received by the 2.2-litre automatic models.” agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Agri SA se korporatiewe lidmaatskap groei fluks ANNEMI MENNEN, BEMARKINGSBESTUURDER: AGRI SA

Om sy korporatiewe lidmaatskap te laat groei, het Agri SA ’n nuwe strategie vir die organisasie ontwikkel – ’n strategie wat veral fokus op die belangrikheid daarvan dat die waardeketting as geheel saamwerk en hul probleme saam aanspreek. Agri SA het ’n platform vir hierdie doel ontwikkel, naamlik korporatiewe lidmaatskap.

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gri SA se korporatiewe lidmaat­ skapbasis groei stewig en ons is verheug om ons nuutste lid, Pro-Agri Forum, welkom te heet. Charl Senekal van dié sakeonderneming sien dit só: “Dit is vir ons opwindend om by Agri SA aan te sluit as korporatiewe lid. Ons glo dat daar nog baie is om te leer en waardeer wat Agri SA doen in die belang van boere. Dit is nou tyd dat almal binne die waardeketting saamwerk.” Pro-Agri Forum sluit aan by die volgende organisasies as korporatiewe lede van Agri SA: British American Tobacco SAf, Nedbank, Santam, Sanlam, Syngenta, Woolworths, Intelichem, Obaro, Du Pont Pioneer en Agri Toerisme Afrika.

Wie is Pro-Agri Forum? Pro-Agri Forum is ’n groep kommersiële mega-boere, wat spruit uit die SA Landbouskrywersvereniging se jarelange toekennings aan die boer van die jaar en leier in die landbousektor wat in opkomende boere belê en hulle bemagtig deur sy kennis te deel en vaardighede te ontwikkel. Die forum se algehele doelwitte sluit in pogings om ’n bydrae te maak tot suksesvolle entrepreneurskap in die primêre landbousektor met die oog op realisering van die land se ontwikkelingsdoelwitte; koördinering deur middel van beleidsame­ sprekings binne georganiseerde landbou en die regering ten opsigte van landbouaangeleenthede; bevordering van inklusiewe landbou-ontwikkeling en die aanspreek van transformasie-uitdagings ter wille van gelykheid en volhoubaarheid; en laastens

samewerking met organisasies soos Agri SA om doelwitte te bereik. “Suid-Afrika, as een van die vyf grootste ekonomieë in sub-Sahara-Afrika, het die mees produktiewe en mededingende landbousektor in die streek. Dit word grootliks gedryf deur hoogs komplekse en gesofistikeerde boerdery-besighede,” sê Hamlet Hlomendlini, Agri SA se senior ekonoom. Daarom is dit vir Agri SA ’n groot eer om met hierdie groep geassosieer te wees.

Wat is Agri SA se korporatiewe lidmaatskap? Agri SA se korporatiewe lidmaatskap bied aansienlike voordele aan sy lede, met boere as die primêre fokus. Met toegang tot ons sentra vir uitmuntendheid, bied Agri SA vele insigte rondom landbouontwikkeling, plaaslik en internasionaal, asook landelike ontwikkeling, arbeid en maatskaplike aangeleenthede, werkskepping en kwessies wat verband hou met die landbouwaardeketting.

Ons verskaf oplossings volgens ons lede se unieke behoeftes en bied die beste landbounetwerkgeleenthede. Elke lid stel sy spesifieke vlak van kundigheid aan die bedryf beskikbaar tot almal se voordeel en verkry sodoende waarde uit strategiese vennootskappe. Pro-Agri Forum is die jongste toevoeging tot ons korporatiewe lidmaatskapsinisiatief en sal help om die vaardighede en vermoëns van die landbousektor as geheel te versterk.

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TODAY’S FARMERS KNOW MORE THAN JUST FARMING.

A modern farmer faces many challenges and takes on different roles to overcome them. You’re responsible for your farm, your workers, your assets, your home and your family. At Santam we understand just how much a farmer does. That’s why we take an in-depth, scientific approach to protecting your crops and assets on and off the farm. Because we believe you deserve one-of-a-kind insurance. For more information, call your broker or visit www.santam.co.za/products/agriculture. Santam. Insurance good and proper. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Brandwet-oplossings: Trek voordeel uit Santam Landbou se kundigheid Hoewel landbouversekering hoofsaaklik bekend is vir dekking van gesaaides, lewendehawe en natuurrampe, is die daadwerklike bestuur van veldbrande ’n uiters belangrike funksie van Santam se landbouversekeringsoplossings.

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s bedryfsleier het Santam ’n deeglike begrip van aanspreeklikheidsdekking en die hantering van eise wanneer dit by veldbrande kom, asook van die nakoming van die Nasionale Wet op Veld- en Bosbrande van 1998. Hoewel boere aan hierdie wet moet voldoen, het Gerhard Diedericks, hoof: Santam Landbou, gesê landbouversekeringsmaatskappye het ’n vername rol te speel om seker te maak dat kliënte die vereistes van die wet nakom. “Ons moedig kliënte aan om by geregistreerde Brandbeskermingsverenigings aan te sluit, soos in die Wet bepaal,” het Diedericks opgemerk. Brandbeskermingsverenigings (BBV’s) ’n BBV kan deur grondeienaars gestig word om veldbrande te voorspel, te verhoed, te bestuur en te blus. Met die uitsondering van munisipaliteite en die regering, is lidmaatskap van hierdie verenigings vrywillig. Verder is dit die verantwoordelikheid van munisipaliteite en die regering om te verseker dat BBV’s in hul streke kragtens die wet gestig en in stand gehou word. Wat bied Santam? Diedericks het verduidelik dat veldbrande in Suid-Afrika jaarliks uitgebreide skade aanrig

aan eiendom, menselewens, lewendehawe, wild en weiveld. Om hierdie rede beloon Santam Landbou boere wat aan die wet voldoen. “Ons moedig boere aan om aan BBV’s te behoort in ’n poging om proaktiewe werkwyses te bevorder om risiko’s te verminder en te bestuur. Danksy die verhoogde risikobestuurs- en wetgewende voordele wat BBV-lidmaatskap bied, sal ons kliënte wat lede van BBV’s is, beloon met meer mededingende versekeringspremies in die vorm van verlaagde tariewe en bybetalings. “Boere wat aan ’n BBV behoort, is in ’n heelwat beter posisie om brande te bestuur – hulle het strategieë in plek vir brandbestuur, asook goeie kommunikasie en hulle is behoorlik gekoördineer. Dit het ’n beduidende impak op die risiko vir die boer en Santam,” het hy verduidelik. Diedericks het voorts gesê bo en behalwe die verlaagde premies en praktiese aanslag as dit by risikobestuur kom, is daar verskeie ander voordele aan lidmaatskap van ’n geregistreerde BBV. Boere hoef nie reusebedrae geld aan brandbestrydingstoerusting en vuurvaste klere vir hul werkers, soos die wet vereis, te bestee nie. As lid van ’n BBV word van ’n boer verwag om net ’n beperkte hoeveelheid toerusting aan te koop, omdat

die BBV en al die ander lede van die BBV (wat bystand sal verleen ingeval van ’n brand) reeds toerusting en vuurvaste klere het. Versekering teen die aanspreeklikheid wat voortspruit uit die verspreiding van ’n brand kan as ’n uitbreiding onder dekking vir gemeenregtelike aanspreeklikheid uitgeneem word – óf as standaard- óf uitgebreide verspreiding van brand. Standaarddekking bied aan die kliënt slegs beskerming teen derdepartyskade wat deur ’n standaardveldbrand aangerig word. As kliënte egter in gebiede bly wat deur plantasies, suikerriet of woude omring word, word van hulle vereis om die uitbreiding uit te neem teen die verspreiding van brand, ingesluit skade aan plantasies, suikerriet en woude. Diedericks het dit benadruk dat Santam Landbou se dekking vir gemeenregtelike aanspreeklikheid gratis dekking van R250 000 insluit vir standaardverspreiding van ’n brand. Hierdie dekking kan teen ’n bykomende premie verhoog word. Opsionele dekking vir brandbluskoste en -uitgawes om die verspreiding van ’n brand verder as die versekerde se eiendom te verhoed, is beskikbaar teen ’n opsie van R100 000, R250 000, R500 000 en R1 miljoen. Versekering speel ’n belangrike rol om die boer én sy of haar plaas te onderhou in die geval van enige onvoorsiene gebeurtenis. Daar moet in gedagte gehou word dat die geldelike verliese wat gely word, ’n landbouonderneming op sy knieë kan dwing. Ons moedig jou aan om voordeel te trek uit Santam se kundigheid deur vandag nog met jou makelaar te gesels of www. santam.co.za te besoek om meer uit te vind oor Santam Landbou se unieke versekeringsoplossings spesifiek ontwerp vir die hedendaagse boer. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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agri Promosie/Promotional

Benut houtbronne op landbougrond beter Houtbronne op grond wat bestem is vir nuwe landbougrond of wat op reeds gevestigde plase voorkom, kan beter benut word.

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Swak beplande oe dikwels gebeur dit egter dat ontbossings­programme wat ontbossingsprogramme op nuwe nie waarde aan ontboste landbougrond die bemarkbare materiaal toevoeg nie en ook hout wat daarop voorkom nie let op die uitwerking van grootliks onbenut laat? Dieselfde grootskaalse ontbossing op geld vir die houtbronne op gevestigde plase. die langtermyn-drakapasitiet Indien die staande hout op nuut van die grond nie, is nie gevestigde of bestaande landbougrond van volhoubaar nie. goeie gehalte is en as saaghout benut kan Onbenutte ontboste word, sit die boer met ’n potensiële bate wat materiaal op nuutgevestigde ’n goeie bydrae kan lewer om die plaas se of bestaande plase beteken inkomste aan te vul. Dink byvoorbeeld aan kratte, palette, boumateriaal en heinings vir gebruik op die plaas self of gesaagde hout wat in nat of gedroogde vorm verkoop kan word teen ’n netjiese wins. ’n Saagmeul-onderneming wat van die plaas af bedryf word is nog ’n opsie, so ook ’n klein fabriek op die plaas wat gesaagde hout in produkte omskep vir eie gebruik of vir die mark. Die waarde van ontboste houtmateriaal en houthulpbronne op gevestigde plase 1 2017/04/07 12:15 PM gaan egterWM_AgiAdd_180X122_PR_C.pdf ook hand aan hand met volhoubaarheid.

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nie net minder wins in die sak nie; dit kan ook as ’n sneller dien om nuwe plae en patogene te vestig, grondstruktuurveranderings teweeg te bring, bosindringing te bespoedig en uiteindelik die plaas se langtermynekonomiese waarde in gedrang te bring. Wood-Mizer se reeks rateltaai en Afrikabewese saagmeulens bied aan boere die kapasiteit om volhoubaar waarde te genereer uit houthulpbronne op die plaas.


agri Nuus/News

The 2017 SACAU Young Agripreneurs Forum: Promoting technology in agriculture PUSHO MAKGOLANE, ANALYST, AGRI SA

The 2017 Sacau Young Agripreneurs Forum took place from 10 to 12 July in Lusaka, Zambia. Young delegates from across southern Africa attended the forum, representing the following countries: South Africa, Malawi, Tanzania, Lesotho, Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Seychelles and Madagascar.

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he purpose of the forum was to carry out a decision took during the Sacau Annual General Meeting held on 26 May in Cape Town. Here Sacau resolved to establish Young Agripreneurs ambassadors comprising representatives from each of the Sacau members. Each ambassador will serve for three years. The ambassadors will support and promote the Sacau agenda of developing the new generation farmers in the region by being the voice and face of Sacau. During the first day an internal meeting was held, allowing attendees to introduce themselves and develop the working framework for the group. The following issues were discussed and will still be finalised: operation modalities, governance, and specific expected contributions of ambassadors. The second day was dedicated to training in various subjects, coordinated by Agco. Agco is an acquisition company and global leader in the design, manufacture and distribution of agricultural equipment. Agco also provides training in southern African countries. Agco presented on their core business, distribution of cropping projects, technical services equipment and technology at their disposal. For the rest of the day Agco brought in some of their partners to present their business and showcase the value they provide in the agriculture space. The partners included Yara who presented on the importance

Agco’s challenger brand.

SACAU Agripreneur ambassadors.

Ambassadors at work.

of fertiliser, while Syngenta addressed the importance of pesticide use. The third day was more hands-on, including a tour of Agco’s farm. The tour started with a visit to various study fields were new crop varieties were planted for research purposes. Equipment was the next topic of discussion. Agco displayed their various products) including tractors, sprayers, harvesters and combines. Agco also provided the opportunity to learn about tractor maintenance and check-ups and allowed tractor driving.

The last leg of the tour involved visiting the farm worker village were Agco houses over 170 farm workers and dependents, fully equipped with community centre, playground and workshop. In conclusion, the Sacau Young Agripreneurs ambassadors will address issues of young farmers on different platforms and ensure more youth participation in the sector.

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agri Nuus/News

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agri Promosie/Promotional

ONKRUIDDODER BIED KRAGTIGE GEWASBESKERMING

Intelex® is BASF se nuutste vooropkomsonkruiddoder op mielies Goeie reënval en omgewingsfaktore het ’n groot rol gespeel in Suid-Afrika se rekordmielieoes vanjaar. Die vraag is egter of dié resultate bereik sou word sonder die bekendstelling van nuwe saadgene, kunsmistegnologie, gewasbeskerming en ander verbeterings in boerderypraktyke.

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en van BASF se jongste beleggings in mielie-oesbeskerming is die revolusionêre onkruiddoder Intelex®. Dit is aangedryf deur die nuutste innovasie, Kixor®, wat ’n nuwe wyse van werking bied aan die segment vir vooropkoms-onkruiddoders by mielies. Voordat ’n nuwe produk op die mark kom, moet ’n navorsing en- ontwikkelings­ maatskap­py ’n groot klomp tyd en geld belê. Intelex® is geen uitsondering nie. Die ontwikkeling, toetsing en kommersiële aanwending is op ’n wêreldskaal aangepak.

Daarmee saam het BASF Suid-Afrika se tegniese span Intelex® sedert 2008 in verskeie bio-klimatiese en omgewings­toestande getoets om te bewys dit werk sonder probleme.

’n Kragtige kombinasie van Kixor® en dimetenamied-P In Amerika word die Intelex®-ekwivalent sedert 2010 elke jaar op 2,8 miljoen hektaar toegedien. Dit is ook in ander Afrikalande, soos Zimbabwe en Zambië, bekend gestel. In 2015 is BASF se registrasie van Intelex® uiteindelik deur die departement van landbou, bosbou en visserye goedgekeur, wat die maatskappy in staat gestel het om die produk aan die Suid-Afrikaanse mark bekend te stel. Intelex® oorskry talle mielieboere se verwagtinge van wat ’n vooropkomsonkruiddoder kan doen. ® Fotos geneem 9 weke na toediening van Intelex Boere wat Intelex® gebruik, sien voordele in ’n vooropkomsonkruiddoder wat nog nie voorheen op die SuidAfrikaanse mark gesien is nie. Hulle het hulself reeds verbind en hul Intelex® vir die komende planttyd vir mielies bestel. Intelex® is ’n kragtige kombinasie

van dimetenamied-P en Kixor®. Die dimetenamied-P-komponent is ’n asetamied­ gebaseerde chemikalie en nie uniek aan die Suid-Afrikaanse mark nie. Verskeie ander vooropkomsonkruiddoders met ’n asetamiedbasis word reeds plaaslik gebruik. Die algemene riglyn wanneer hierdie tipe chemiese onkruiddoder gebruik word, is dat die mielies potensieel skade kan ly in koue en nat toestande. Die hoofrede daarvoor is die gebrek aan hitte-eenhede, wat veroorsaak dat die saailing stadiger as normaalweg opkom en gevolglik langer aan die asetamied-onkruiddoder blootgestel word. In stresvolle toestande kan die plant nie die onkruiddoder doeltreffend metaboliser soos in normale toestande nie. In normale toestande, en wanneer dit korrek toegedien word, het boere en verskeie landbourolspelers openlik getuig dat BASF se Intelex® die beste vooropkomsonkruiddoder op die mark is.

Intelex® – Talle boere getuig BASF en talle boere ondersteun Intelex® ten volle as ’n opwindende hulpmiddel vir gewasbeskerming om probleme met onkruide by mielies te bestuur. BASF glo ook sterk daaraan dat boere wat Intelex® in die komende planttyd gaan toedien, weer ’n hoë vlak van doeltreffendheid met die vooropkoms-onkruiddoder gaan ervaar. “Namens BASF wens ek alle boere nog ’n suksesvolle mielieseisoen toe,” sê Sean Stiles, rygewasbestuurder by BASF Suid-Afrika. “Ons by BASF sien uit daarna om in die toekoms steeds nuwe innovasies vir gewasbeskerming aan die Suid- Afrikaanse boer te bied.” Intelex®, reg.nr. L9895, Wet 36 van 1947. Aktiewe bestanddeel: Kixor® 68 g/ℓ, dimetenamied-P 600 g/ℓ. Versigtig. Kixor® – saflufenasiel. Intelex® en Kixor® is geregistreerde handelsmerke van BASF.

NAVRAE: BASF Suid-Afrika (Edms.) Bpk.; webwerf: www.agro.basf.co.za; mobi-blad: m.agro.basf.co.za; tel. 011 203 2400; faks: 011 203 2461; straatadres: Sestiende Straat 852, Midrand, 1685; posadres: Posbus 2801, Halfway House, 1685. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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agri Promosie/Promotional

Wide range of applications for high-pressure washers in farming PREFERENCE FOR HOT WATER UNITS

The general squeeze on costs and the need to achieve a high standard of hygiene in livestock farming have made the high-pressure washer an indispensable aid in agriculture. It is not surprising to hear that almost every farm has such a machine nowadays.

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ressure washing is used primarily for cleaning livestock and machinery, but also for other jobs around the house and yard, including motor vehicles. This touchless method of cleaning with a high-powered jet of water has numerous advantages: • The cleaning action is very thorough because the process combines the dirt dissolving properties of water, pressure and, sometimes, high temperature and detergent. The jet of water penetrates even difficult-to-reach areas and the smallest of cavities, which often cause serious problems in respect of vermin and microbes. • Cleaning with high pressure is very flexible because the jet of water adapts itself to all surface contours. • Cleaning with high pressure is cost-effective because a high area coverage can be achieved even on irregular surfaces. • Since there is no contact between the cleaning machine and the surface being cleaned, the risk of germs being carried elsewhere by the machine can be almost excluded, providing the machine is used as specified. • Cleaning with a high-pressure jet of water saves water and detergent. Water consumption with a high-pressure nozzle is up to 85% lower than with a garden hose pipe, for example, because of the reduced cross section. And the mechanical cleaning action with a jet of water replaces in many cases the need for chemicals, at least partially. Both these aspects reduce running costs and help protect the environment. The great variety of possible applications is reflected in the very broad range of available machine models in different power categories with different levels of equipment. This means that detailed professional advice must be obtained before deciding on a particular machine. What features should a high-pressure washer have in order to be suitable for use in farming? One of the main points is the delivery rate of the high-pressure pump. It should not be less than 800 liters per hour (3.5 GPM) because this is the minimum flow rate required to flush away the dislodged dirt. The performance of a high-pressure washer is

Agriculture greenhouse forklift

Agriculture tractor

Easyforce double spray lance agriculture milking parlor

often judged by its so-called pump pressure, although this is only one of several factors that determine the impact pressure. A large number of high-pressure washer types and models are available today: Portable, mobile and stationary machines, cold water and hot water, electric and gasoline (petrol/diesel) units. At the present time most farms use electric mobile cold water units. However, the share of hot water high-pressure washers is growing steadily because hot water shortens cleaning times, improves results and effectively reduces the germ count before actual disinfection. Portable pressure washers are used almost exclusively as back-up units, or by part-time farmers, because of their relatively low capacity. Stationary plants are mainly of interest to large farms with livestock. Their advantage is the short setting-up times: The equipment is immediately ready for operation at all times.

Take-off points in all those places where they are needed provide “high-pressure straight out of the wall”. As modern plants allow all functions to be remotely controlled, the high-pressure unit can be installed away from the washing bay in a separate room, where it is protected from moisture, dirt and mechanical damage. Stationary plants also offer a number of benefits as far as hygiene is concerned since they practically exclude the risk of transmitting germs. Most farmers, however, prefer mobile machines because they can be used wherever there is a water and power supply. Furthermore, almost all machines also operate in the suction mode so that they can take water from any source. With a gasoline-powered machine and a suitable water tank it is possible to work completely independent of all public supplies. More information: www.karcher.co.za agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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agri Promosie/Promotional

Save energy costs with WEG IE3 motors Energy costs are set to continue increasing with little respite for the agricultural sector. These high costs pose several different issues for the farmer, depending on the size of the farming operation.

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est WEG Group, with its extensive experience, is providing solutions for both the large agricultural operation as well as the small farmer. In a large irrigation application where there could be between ten and more electrical motors installed, it is critical that these motors operate as efficiently as possible to reduce the overall energy consumption. The WEG IE3 Premium Efficiency electrical motor is designed to reduce the input (electrical) power

significantly, which means that this motor will use less power. While there has been a gradual uptake of this technology, it has started gaining popularity as the significant cost savings are being recognised by the agricultural sector. Over a ten year period the motor price would typically have amounted to only 2% of the real operating cost. In smaller farming operations, where electrical motors are used only for periods of around three to four months a year for irrigation purposes there is another option available, which will provide the necessary power while saving the farmer costs. This is particularly relevant where there is the need to run a power line from Eskom to a specific point for irrigation. A diesel driven generator set will provide the necessary power needed

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Zest WEG Group has been servicing the agricultural sector for more than 35 years with its range of robustly engineered products.

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WEG products, designed using modern technology, offer farmers optimum reliability coupled with excellent energy efficiency. From WEG Premium Efficiency electric motors to WWash electric motors with WEG Variable Speed Drives, all have developed a reputation for solid performance in the most demanding conditions. Low maintenance requirements as well as ease of serviceability allow reduced total cost of ownership to the agricultural sector. As a market leader, Zest WEG Group offers access through WEG Brazil, to international best practice in electrical solutions for the agricultural sector. The Zest WEG Group operates a strategically situated network of branches and distributors to ensure optimum availability of product and parts.

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to drive equipment and this is considered the ideal solution where power is only required for a few months of the year. The generator set can be customised to meet the exact load requirement for the given application by means of mobile solutions equipped with socket outlets. • Interestingly, some farmers favour the use of an alternator, which can be coupled to a tractor to produce the requisite power.

2016/11/28 10:59 AM


agri Water In this series of articles, Agri is in discussion with Dr Gerhard Backeberg, executive manager: water utilisation in agriculture of the WRC, in order to obtain information on water use and what the WRC is doing for investment of funds in water research. Many irrigation farmers in South Africa pay an annual research levy to the Water Research Fund (WRF) in respect of water, which is used for irrigation on scheduled land. This fund is dedicated to financing the activities of the Water Research Commission (WRC) to support and undertake research on the use of water for agricultural, industrial and domestic purposes. The levy on irrigation water is, however, not the only source of income for the fund: Levies on water use for urban, industrial and domestic purposes makes by far the biggest contribution.

Agri: Electricity tariffs have escalated in the last number of years. What advice can be given to farmers to reduce the electricity costs of irrigation? Backeberg: Over the past 25 years the WRC has invested in several projects to develop approaches, methods and models for calculating irrigation costs. With increasing electricity tariffs and changes in rate structures, requests were received from the irrigation industry that norms and standards for irrigation design should be revised. Given the higher electricity cost and new technologies (e.g. variable speed drive (VSD) and energy efficient motors), operating costs should be optimised in relation to fixed costs, as determined by e.g. pipe diameter and length. Significant opportunities therefore exist for irrigation farmers to reduce energy costs through irrigation system design and operating practices to improve profitability. Potential energy savings can be achieved by adopting new technologies, while explicitly considering the trade-off between investment costs and operating costs. The general objective of the most recent project, led by Prof Bennie Grové of the University of the Free State, was to develop appropriate management approaches for reducing electricity cost, improving water use productivity and increasing profitability of irrigation farming at selected irrigation areas in South Africa. The point of departure of the research was developing a conceptual

framework of factors influencing the life cycle cost of alternative electricity management interventions. Emphasis was placed on using life cycle costing, as it incorporates not only the cost of acquiring new technology but also operating costs, maintenance costs and the cost of disposing the equipment. As these costs have different time dimensions a net present value analysis was used to ensure fare comparison of the different cost components over time. The design process includes the design of the power supply, water distribution network and the determination of the irrigation water demand and design of the infield irrigation system. Capital investments that influence the kilowatt requirement, management of the operation and maintenance of irrigation system and choice of electricity tariff were identified as focus areas that should be investigated in order to reduce electricity costs. The conceptual framework was finalised after a workshop with stakeholders, which included SABI accredited designers, irrigators and irrigation scheduling consultants. The framework emphasised the interrelated linkages between irrigation system design, irrigation water and electricity cost management. Specifically a trade-off exists between reducing investment costs and increasing operating costs through higher electricity costs. Case studies were applied to evaluate the impact of VSD’s, electricity tariff choice, mainline design changes and management on electricity costs.

The SWIP-E model was developed to determine the influence of electricity tariff choice, irrigation system design capacity and system size on the design of the water distribution network. The model was validated against data for eight specifically designed pivot irrigation systems obtained from SABI accredited designers. Results from the real-life case studies confirmed that Ruraflex provides significant reductions in electricity costs. However, the benefits of Ruraflex are only achievable given good management. VSD appears to be an important technology that should be considered when working towards lower electricity costs. The life cycle conceptual approach and innovative programming model developed as part of this project is certainly novel for the irrigation industry in South Africa. The new design norms have been discussed and accepted by SABI, as representative of the irrigation industry in South Africa. As part of this project, guidelines for farmer advisory services and irrigation system designers have been compiled. The WRC report on “The optimisation of electricity and water use for sustainable management of irrigation farming systems” (report number TT 717/17) is obtainable free of charge from the WRC at the addresses below.

Visit the Water Research Commission’s webpage www.wrc.org.za for more information and/or ordering of research reports Tel: 012 761 9300. Fax: 012 331 2565 Email: wrc@wrc.org.za Private Bag X03, Gezina, Pretoria 0031 agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Dr Gerhard Backeberg

Optimisation of water and electricity use for sustainable irrigation farming systems


agri Promosie/Promotional

Voorkom lekverliese met PhosSure Dit is welbekend dat Suid-Afrika ‘n fosfaat-arme land is en die aanvulling van fosfaat in die groen seisoen is niks nuuts vir produsente nie. Duur lekke wat natreën en weggegooi moet word, bly egter ’n probleem en daarom het Yara Animal Nutrition ’n unieke weerbestande produk om hierdie probleem aan te spreek.

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osfaat is naas kalsium die mineraal wat die tweede meeste in die diereliggaam voorkom. Fosfaat is teenwoordig in feitlik elke sel in die liggaam (meeste in die skelet) en is belangrik vir ’n groot verskeidenheid biologiese funksies. Lekkoste is vandag hoog en daarom is dit belangrik dat lek nie onnodig vermors word deurdat dit weggegooi moet word wanneer dit natreën en muf nie. Yara Animal Nutrition het as deel van hulle produkreeks unieke, weerbestande produkte naamlik PhosSure. Hierdie produk word van ’n hoë kwaliteit MDCP gemaak. ’n Unieke sproeigedroogde melasseproduk word bygevoeg om die produk weerbestand te maak en smaak daaraan te gee. ’n Harde, beskermende lagie word bo-op die produk gevorm sodra reën daarop val. Diere leer gou om deur hierdie harde lagie te breek en die droë lek

verder te vreet. PhosSure is verryk met die belangrikste spoorminerale in die regte verhouding tot fosfaat en is beskikbaar as ’n klaargemengde, gereed-om-te-gebruik produk (PhosSure 6) of as ’n konsentraat (PhosSure 12) wat 50/50 met sout afgemeng kan word. PhosSure 6 en 12 se samestellings is soos volg: Tabel 1 PhosSure 6 & 12 samestelling g/kg g/kg Fosfaat (min) 60 120 Kalsium (maks) 120 240 mg/kg mg/kg Kobalt 3 6 Koper 300 600 Jodium 15 30 Mangaan 1200 2400 Sink 1200 2400 Selenium 8 16 Die volgende minimum-innames word vir PhosSure 6 en PhosSure 12 met sout aanbeveel:

Tabel 2 Minimum aanbevole inname Tipe dier Beeste Skape (g/dag) (g/dag) Nie-lakterende volwasse diere 100 18 Groeiende; Laatdragtig 125 22 Lakterend 200 - 240 36

Knowledge grows

PhosSure 6 & 12 Steeds die beste in sonskyn en reënweer!

PhosSure … Vir seker … Met PhosSure, Yara Animal Nutrition South Africa se oubekende, weerbestande fosfaat-spoormineraalaanvulling is reënskade iets van die verlede. PhosSure is beskikbaar in ’n P12konsentraat en nou ook ’n gereed-om-te gebruik P6 aanvulling. PhosSure: • Is weerbestand weens die insluiting van ’n unieke sproeigedroogde melasse-byproduk. • Vorm ’n beskermende lagie om reënskade te beperk en lekverliese te voorkom. • Bevorder produksie en vrugbaarheid. • Verbeter groei en skeletontwikkeling. • Bevat verhoogde vlakke van die belangrikste spoorminerale in die regte verhouding tot fosfaat. Innoverende oplossings in dierevoeding! Tel: +27 31 910 5100 Web:www.yara.com/animal-nutrition E-pos: animal.nutrition.sa@yara.com PhosSure 6 – Reg. Nr. V11350 (Wet 36/1947) PhosSure 12 – Reg. Nr. V12858 (Wet 36/1947)

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agri Fauna

Lood, jag en aasvoëls DR GERHARD H VERDOORN, GIFINLIGTINGSENTRUM

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partikels of groter fragmente versprei. Sommige mense is van mening dat dit geen gevaar inhou vir mens of dier nie; daar is genoegsame wetenskaplike data wat bevestig dat die inname van klein loodfragmente min of geen effek op mense en selfs op meeste diere het. Die gevaar bestaan egter by die aasvreters, veral aasvoëls, dat stukkies lood wat in vleis agterbly die voëls kan vergiftig. Ek het self vyf aasvoëls verloor wat lood ingekry het en daardie fragmente was kleiner as 5 gram elk. Die rede waarom aasvoëls makliker as ander diere met lood vergiftig word, is omdat hulle baie sterk verteringsappe afskei, wat die lood makliker oplos en in die voëls se stelsel laat opneem. Wat nou gemaak ter wille van aasvoëls? Eerste plek: skiet ordentlik en skiet die dier dood! Diere wat gekwes word en “My standpunt, nadat nie opgespoor ek baie aasvoëls met word nie, word aasvoëlkos en as loodvergiftiging behandel het: gebruik loodkernkoeëls dit ’n standaardloodkernkoeël vir daardie lekker dae op was, staan die die skietbaan, maar as die aasvoël wat fragmente inkry, ’n 30-06 of 9.3X62 veld toe baie sterk kans om gaan, voer hom met ’n vergiftig te raak. monometaalkoeël ter wille Tweede plek is om van die toekoms.” nuwegenerasiegebonde koeëls

en van die grootste kwelpunte vir die vuurwapeneienaars is die keuse van koeëls of punte, soos Oom Piet sal sê. Daar is ’n oorweldigende aanbod van allerhande tipes en fabrikate tot beskikking van jagters. Die norm is steeds loodkernkoeëls – juis omdat lood se soortlike gewig dit so geskik maak om ’n klein maar swaar projektiel saam te stel wat sy pad redelik ver kan hardloop sonder om te veel snelheid af te staan. Die netelige kwessie met loodkernkoeëls lê by die moontlike kontaminasie van vleis as daardie koeël die dier tref en opbreek. Standaard-loodkernkoeëls se kerne is nie metallurgies aan die koeëlmantel verbind nie en sulke koeëls wat teen hoë snelhede afgevuur word, spoeg derhalwe baie lood uit wat in die prooidier se karkas as klein

7 mm rem mag ammo 6

Rooibok met monometaalkoeël gejag

vir jag te gebruik of maar oë toe te knyp vir die prys en monometaalkoper- of geelkoperkoeëls te gebruik. Baie jagters knor oor die prys maar as die koedoe jou R5 000 kos, waarom kerm oor die koeël wat R15 kos? Gerugte dat monometaalkoeëls nie omklink om effektiewe wondkanale te veroorsaak nie, is onsin. Jagters is vir dekades lank gewoond gemaak aan die verwoestende effek van standaardloodkernkoeëls en kan soms nie verstaan waarom ingangswonde en uitgangswonde so klein is as monometaalkoeëls gebruik word nie. Monometaalkoeëls klink effektief om, al is dit teen laer koeëlsnelhede as wat die tipiese Magnumkalibers hardloop. Maak hulle vining en effektief dood? Beslis ja! Die uitwerking van ’n goedgeplaaste bladskoot op enige wild is dramaties en maak die dier baie vinnig dood. Ingevoerde sowel as plaaslik vervaardigde monometaal- en gebonde kernkoeëls is vryelik beskikbaar. As mens eers daarmee begin jag, is terugkyk na die verlede vergete. En, wie weet, is ons dalk oor vyftig jaar verstom as wetenskaplike bewyse gevind word dat lood grootskaalse uitwissing veroorsaak het? My standpunt, nadat ek baie aasvoëls met loodvergiftiging behandel het: gebruik loodkernkoeëls vir daardie lekker dae op die skietbaan, maar as die 30-06 of 9.3X62 veld toe gaan, voer hom met ’n monometaalkoeël ter wille van die toekoms.

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DR GERHARD H VERDOORN

Jagters van ouds moes die taak vir oorlewing aanpak met eenvoudige dog doeltreffende wapens soos spiese en die befaamde pyl en boog, wat vandag nog gebruik word. Die ontdekking van buskruit en later nitrosellulose het die jagbedryf soos ’n meteoriet vorentoe laat skiet, met moderne vuurwapens wat deesdae die jagmark domineer.


agri Bewaring/Conservation

Vetiver solution simple and effective LEHMAN LINDEQUE (UNDP) LEHMAN.LINDEQUE@UNDP.ORG AND ROLEY NÖFFKE (HYDROMULCH) ROLEY@HYDROMULCH.CO.ZA

Vetiver grass is an exciting and potential biological solution for wastewater treatment Raw sewage running down streets and polluting soil and water resources are a common site these days in many small rural towns of our country. Some of the main reasons for these problems are poorly designed sewage systems, not being able to keep up with an ever growing demand, poor maintenance of existing systems, the appointment of inexperienced and unqualified technical people to maintain and manage wastewater systems, to name just a few. In this article we want to look at a very exciting, very simple, proven effective biological control measure to treat wastewater: Vetiver grass (Chrysopogon zizanioides). The problem: poor blue and green drop status

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Photo 1: Sewage system overflowing and running into a stream A paradigm shift needed for wastewater treatment According to thought provoking individuals in the conservation field, wastewater in the 21st century should no longer be seen as a waste to be disposed of, but rather a valuable resource of nutrients, energy and water. While the majority of efforts these days focus on individually extracting these resources with advanced and expensive technology, this article will introduce an alternative low-tech, low-cost and highly sustainable solution that recovers phosphorous, nitrogen, and even many heavy metals in plant biomass. Vetiver is a perennial grass native to

Photo 2: Typical wastewater treatment plant

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India. Initially “discovered” by a World Bank project to control soil erosion and stabilise slopes (during the last 20 years), considerable research and numerous projects have demonstrated the success of using Vetiver to treat various forms of wastewater, including landfill leachate, domestic sewerage and industrial wastewater. In order to better understand how Vetiver grass can help with wastewater treatment, we first need to discuss some important morphological characteristics of the grass, lending it to wastewater treatment. Vetiver grass consists of a tall, stiff, and dense collection of stems rising up to three meters above the ground. This stem is coupled with a finely sized and highly dense root system

LEHMAN LINDEQUE

he civil rights organisation AfriForum tested the water and sewage quality in 132 South African towns during 2015/16. These tests form part of the organisation’s blue and green drop campaign, during which the communities of the various towns had been involved. The blue drop relate to drinking water and green drop to sewage systems. Marcus Pawson from AfriForum, leading the campaign, summarised the key findings as follows: “AfriForum did succeed, however, in testing various municipalities’ sewage, whereas the organisation was refused access to certain sewage systems by some municipalities in the previous year. This is quite understandable if the worrisome state of the country’s sewage management is taken into consideration – on average 40% of South Africa’s sewage systems do not function within the regulatory requirements. Gauteng, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal have a general decrease in sewage management, while North West and the Western Cape show improvement. The 27 sewage treatment plants that did not meet the standards may be seen as a threat to human health, food security and the environment. The standard of sewage systems should be treated as priority in light of the dry conditions in South Africa.” According to the department of water and sanitation’s Blue Drop Report for 2014, 1 036 drinking water systems were tested, while only 44 systems met the requirements for blue drop status. The summarised Green Drop Report of 2013 indicated that only 60 out of 824 sewage systems enjoyed green drop status.


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<<< bladsy 104 within the plant or evaporated. An overall reduction in wastewater is best for applications such as landfill leachate elimination, or the reduction of industrial effluent, particularly in more remote areas. Treatment systems Photo 3: Vetiver grass plant Photo 4: Indication of the length and Plant treatment can density of Vetiver roots be applied through extending 3-4 metres below the several mediums, ground or surface, as shown in the photo including land, water and wetland. Land above. medium treatment involves using wastewater Both these factors make Vetiver grass to irrigate land with plants or trees growing on extremely resistant to erosion and highly it. This method has been applied effectively at tolerant of flow conditions in wastewater landfills and with small-scale domestic sewage treatment applications where the plant may be treatment. partially submerged. Physiologically, Vetiver is characterised as a hard plant. It is resistant to both drought (C4 plant) and flooding, as well as tolerant of a wide range of temperatures and soil conditions, including pH, alkalinity, salinity and other factors. Vetiver grass is also resistant to pesticides and herbicides. The United States department of agriculture considers Vetiver grass to be non-invasive and sterile. Some specific traits of Vetiver grass are Photo 5: Land medium treatment systems particularly applicable towards wastewater treatment. Vetiver’s ability to uptake and remove nitrogen are the most notable. In Australia, five hedgerows of Vetiver were able to achieve a 99% reduction in total nitrogen when fed a sub-surface source of septic tank effluent. Furthermore, Vetiver achieved 85% phosphorous uptake, which indicates that this method is at least partially effective in acting as a secondary wastewater treatment system. Vetiver is also able to achieve some degree of Photo 6: Water treatment systems using filtration. Vetiver grass Vetiver roots grow in a thick and dense Water medium treatment involves the pattern with the average root diameter use of floating beds of plants that can grow between 0,5 and 1 mm. These characteristics in water. These beds are installed in ponds put Vetiver root systems roughly on par of water in need of treatment. Nutrients are with rapid sand depth filter systems. Vetiver assimilated hydroponically through the plant’s roots were observed to act as a substitute root system. disinfection process as well. Hart et al (2003), in Donaldson and Grimshaw, 2013, measured a reduction in E. Coli organisms present in a 20 litre sample of wastewater from 1 600/100ml to 140/100ml over four days of treatment with no soil present. Lastly, Vetiver grass is highly effective at creating an overall reduction in wastewater volume. This reduction is linked to the high transpiration rate of Vetiver grass, which is 6,86 litre/day under ideal conditions. This water is either stored

Photo 7: Constructed wetland treatment systems

Constructed wetland medium treatment, as the name implies, runs influent wastewater through a wetland specifically designed to encourage microbial activity along with plant nutrient uptake. The use of each medium depends mainly on influent characteristics, climate and land availability. A case study: The use of a Vetiver system to treat effluent in Toogoolawah, South East Queensland, Australia (Ash & Truong, 2004) The local sewage treatment plant has been operating since 1971, using a relatively straightforward system where the influent was taken through primary treatment and then released into a series of three retention ponds. These ponds were designed to drain into a wetland area, where the effluent would eventually overflow into a local stream or river. A very similar system to many treatment plants in South Africa. The primary motivation for upgrading the plant to employ the Vetiver system was the loss of permit. The effluent from the existing plant had concentration of nutrients remaining high after treatment. This, in turn, caused growth of algae in the ponds and increased the effluent pH from 7,5 to 9,2. The permit for the operations of the treatment plants was threatened after Australian environmental regulations were changed to require a maximum pH of 8,5 in treated effluent. A new treatment process would need to be developed to reduce or eliminate the nutrient load in the plant, removing the algae growth and returning the pH to acceptable levels for discharge into the local stream. The treatment process chosen to be used in the Toogoolawah treatment plant was determined by simulation to consist two stages, both involving the use of Vetiver grass. A plan view of the layout is shown in Figure 1. The first stage involves adding hydroponic Vetiver floats to the existing ponds in the treatment plant for the purpose of pretreatment of the effluent destined for the second stage of Vetiver treatment. 21 floating platforms were called for, each providing roughly 6m² of space for the grass to grow and suspend its roots in the pond water. The floating Vetiver is supplemented by Vetiver grown along the edges of the ponds, just above the water level. By employing this method of pre-treatment, the models determined that approximately 1,5 ha of land previously thought required for the land-based Vetiver treatment could be eliminated. The Vetiver used in this stage of the treatment process showed excellent growth, achieving a vertical height of 1,5m in the first five months of operation. Furthermore, the growth has been substantial enough that the plants from the floating pre-treatment stage >>> bladsy 107 agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Photo 10: Vetiver in hedgerows to treat wastewater

References:

Figure 1: Sketch of the Vetiver intervention layout at Toogoolawah

are used as the source of additional Vetiver grass for the entire project. The second stage is the main stage for the treatment process. It is fed by intermittent irrigation from the pre-treatment ponds. The wastewater flows across several rows of Vetiver grass, planted at approximately 3m intervals. These rows forms a curtain once the plants are fully matured. Two separate areas are utilised to achieve a degree of redundancy, allowing for maintenance and other work to be done on one area while the other is still treating wastewater. The systems are intended to run on a 4-day cycle, where one day is an irrigation day and the other three are dry days. This cycle has been implemented to accommodate the growth characteristics of Vetiver grass. Vetiver performs best in land rather than water. Table 1 is a summary of the before and after Vetiver treatment influent and effluent comparison. Adding the Vetiver grass system reduced the nutrient load significantly, achieving the overall goal of the enhancement project at Toogoolawah wastewater treatment plant. The plant is now in compliance with the new licence requirements and is already compliant with the expected future limits with regard to dissolved nitrogen and phosphorus. In summary, this morning, after writing this

article and driving for a second time through the small stream of raw sewerage running from an overflowing sewage pipe below the old silo’s in the Free State town of Reitz, in the direction of the stream curving through the golf course, I realise the solution could be actually quite simple and effective, as simple as planting grass: Vetiver grass! Let’s encourage local councils to use the hectares of overgrazed “meentgronde” around our towns for Vetiver treatment plants, let’s enable poor local communities to start with small Vetiver nurseries to provide the local council with plants and in doing that, create a long term sustainable solution to an ever-growing problem in our small towns.

Photo 9: Floating ponds with Vetiver on pre-treatment dam

Ash, R., & Truong, P. 2004. The use of Vetiver grass for sewerage treatment. Presented at the Sewage Management QEPA Conference, Cairns, Australia. Donaldson, A., & Grimshaw, L. 2013. Treating wastewater with Vetiver grass: All-in one treatment and reuse as plant biomass. College of Engineering. University of Washington. Truong, P. and Smeal (2003). Research, Development and Implementation of Vetiver System for Wastewater Treatment: GELITA Australia. Technical Bulletin No. 2003/3. Pacific Rim Vetiver Network. Office of the Royal Development Projects Board, Bangkok, Thailand. Truong, P., Truong, S. and Smeal, C (2003a). Application of the vetiver system in computer modelling for industrial wastewater disposal. Proc. Third International Vetiver Conference, Guangzhou, China, October 2003. Truong, P., Carlin, G., Cook, F. and Thomas. E. (2003b). Vetiver grass hedges for water quality improvement in acid sulfate soils, Queensland, Australia. Proc. Third International Vetiver Conference, Guangzhou, China, October 2003. Vieritz, A., Truong, P., Gardner, T. and Smeal, C (2003). Modelling Monto vetiver growth and nutrient uptake for effluent irrigation schemes. Proc. Third International Vetiver Conference, Guangzhou, China, October 2003. Wagner, S., Truong, P, Vieritz, A. and Smeal, C (2003). Response of vetiver grass to extreme nitrogen and phosphorus supply. Proc. Third International Vetiver Conference, Guangzhou, China, October 2003. Wei Liu, Chongyu Lan and Wensheng Shu (2003). Growth performance and leachate purification potential of vetiver in revegetation of sanitary landfill. Proc. Third International Vetiver Conference, Guangzhou, China, October 2003.

Dr Paul Truong, a director and East Asia and South Pacific representative of The Vetiver Network, and recently principal consultant of Veticon Consulting, has conducted extensive research, development and applications of the Vetiver System over the last 15 years. He received the King of Thailand Vetiver Award in Research in 2000. In the last five years he has concentrated on the development of a low cost, efficient and natural method of wastewater treatment both at the domestic and industrial levels.

Table 1: Before and after influent and effluent comparison at Toogoolawah

TEST RESULTS OF SEWERAGE EFFLUENT (Licence Requirements in Brackets) Tests Plant Influent

Photo 8: Floating ponds with Vetiver on pre-treatment dam

Previous Results New Results 2002/03 (Effluent ) 2004

PH (6.5 to 8.5)

7.3 to 8.0

9.0 to 10.0

D. Oxygen (2.0 minimum)

0 to 2 mg/L

12.5 to 20 mg/L 8.1 to 9.2 mg/L

7.6 to 9.2

5 Day BOD (20 - 40 mg/l max)

130 to 300 mg/L 29 to 70 mg/L

Suspended Solids (30 - 60 mg/l max)

200 to 500 mg/L 45 to 140 mg/l 11 to 16 mg/l

7 to 11 mg/L

Total Nitrogen (6.0 mg/l max)

30 to 80 mg/L

13 to 20 mg/L

Total Phosphorous (3.0 mg/l max)

10 to 20 mg/L

4.6 to 8.8 mg/L 1.4 to 3.3 mg/L

4.1 to 5.7 mg/L

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agri Nuus/News

From the farm to the mill Cash flow solutions tailored to your needs

Now let’s talk AgriBusiness. Our AgriBusiness teams are not only bankers, but agricultural experts of this dynamic sector. We’ll give you access to working capital, and the flexibility you need to operate your business. This is the reason more businesses bank with Standard Bank than any other bank in South Africa. For more information, visit www.standardbank.co.za/business

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Authorised financial and registered credit provider (NCRCP15). The Standard Bank of South Africa Limited (Reg. No. 1962/000738/06). agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 services bladsy/page Moving Forward is a trademark of The Standard Bank of South Africa Limited. SBSA 269904 06/17


agri Promosie/Promotional FARMING SUCCESSFULLY IN VOLATILE TIMES COMES DOWN TO KNOWING YOUR COSTS

Primary producers need to put their inherent adaptability on paper Price inelasticity of demand for agricultural products makes farmers intrinsically agile. According to Standard Bank Senior Manager: Agribusiness, MC Loock, this gives farmers a clear advantage in managing the increasing volatility in their industry.

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armers are used to adjusting their operations on a daily basis in order to manage variations in short-term weather events and longer-term climate patterns. They’ve always operated in an environment in which markets and prices shift continuously, often without warning. And they’re accustomed to constantly reworking their finances, whether for inputs, equipment, or capital expenses” Mr Loock says. The adaptability is borne out by the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry’s Economic Review of 31 December 2016. The review states that gross farming income from all agricultural products increased by 12.7% for the year that ended 31 December 2016. In spite of severe drought conditions and production volumes dropping by 2,8%, net farming income increased substantially by 26.6%. The main driver for this was prices received by farmers for agricultural products increased on average by 16.8% whilst overall prices for farming requisites, including machinery and implements, material for fixed improvements, intermediate goods and services only increasing by 6.0%. This resulted in the strengthening of domestic terms of trade by 9.5% from 1.05% in 2015 to 1.15% in 2016. “Although many factors contribute to these positive outcomes, one of the most fundamental is the resilience of farmers,” Mr. Loock says. Loock believes that farmers can – and should – formalize that resilience, thereby automatically embedding sustainability into their operations. According to the review the value of capital assets in agriculture showed an increase of 8.5% and is estimated at R427 790 million, compared to R394 385 million at the end of December 2015. The farm debt for the same period increased by 8,9% to R144 981 million resulting in a marginal increase in liabilities ratio from 33,7% to 33,9%. The farm debt divided by the net farming income declined from 1,75 in 2015 to 1,5 in 2016. It is really this improvement in the industry’s ability to repay debt despite tough agricultural conditions, that excites us. Prosperity should not only be dependent on the staying power of an individual, but also on how they manage future uncertainties. This however requires effective management of volatility, which starts with proper planning. “The basis of good planning stems from understanding your costs. If you know how much you must spend to get your product to market, then you automatically know what price you cannot afford to accept. In turn, this tells

you for what market to plant” says Mr. Loock. With proper planning a livestock operation will for instance be able to prepare for changes in the prices of inputs such as feedstock. Should the prices of the feedstock (maize) decrease and that of beef increase, effective planning will assist the farmer in making sensible decisions about expansion of the cattle or to consider a different livestock enterprise. Of course in an ideal world the farmer would be farming with cattle and maize in order to save on feedstock cost, take advantage of the different cost and profitability cycles and be able to absorb price shocks across the value chain. For many farmers, price discovery for inputs takes place at least nine months ahead of the sale of a product, apparently making budgeting for profitability difficult. “In actual fact, planning assists because it enables you to fix costs upfront and reduce them, when the need arise” says Mr. Loock. He further advises farmers to buy their inputs at the end rather than at the beginning of a season, to access lowest possible input prices and have a very precise idea of the lowest price you can accept for your product should the coming season be difficult. Mr Loock also recommends shopping around for the best end of season prices. “Don’t simply buy from your usual supplier without comparing prices. The more competition you create among suppliers, the more likely you will be able to manage costs down” he says. The review shows that prices paid for fencing material (5,7%); packaging material, animal health and crop protection (5,4%); fuel (4,7%); repairs and maintenance (4%) and fertilizers (3%) during 2016 all increased below the inflation rate for farm requisites.Once farmers have fixed as many of their costs as possible and as early as possible, they should set about fixing their own income via contracts or use hedging to cover any outstanding variables. Contracts give you the comfort of knowing before you plant that your prices will exceed your costs and that there will be profit. It also makes it easier to get production finance. It’s important, however, to reserve some of your product for selling well into the next season. With the current grain surplus, it is inevitable that prices will remain bearish until the next production season, which bodes well for the livestock industry. Input prices, for fuel and feedstock, as well as other factors such as the exchange rate cannot be predicted far in advance, but they can be hedged. A good hedging strategy will therefore consolidate your profitability. Weather patterns, too, are

Standard Bank senior manager: Agribusiness, MC Loock

becoming increasingly unpredictable and extreme. MC Loock says that it is however possible to manage this kind of uncertainty positively. He advises that farmers should in their planning phase; create a wide range of different scenarios that include all possible variables that could impact your business. Build in trigger or price levels at which they will need to reconsider their production plan in time to mitigate negative results. This process will also give them insight into ways in which they should be diversifying their business so that, in any given circumstance, they have the means to be sustainable. He further advises farmers to be careful, though, of using price signals as the only trigger for randomly changing their production plan. Just because the price of potatoes soars this month does not mean it will stay at that level until you’ve had a chance to plant and harvest a crop. A recent but profoundly effective means of reducing the effects of volatility at farm level is the use of renewable energy and eco-intensive agriculture. It is important to take control of your own energy supply cost while increasing your independence of external organisations. Also, using natural inputs sourced from your own farm or your community lowers costs, improves your control over your operations, massively boosts your product’s credibility with an increasingly environmentally aware consumer base, and positions you to fulfill your innate role as an environmental custodian. At the moment, as statistics indicate, farming is still a generally profitable business to be in. By doing some planning and being prepared to innovate, you can ensure that, in your particular case, it remains so. agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Rooiberg se “selfie”-wenner, die groot rooi stoel.

’n Ironie van Kaapse wyn is dat die wyne waaroor so baie gepraat, geproe, gespoeg en gepeins word eintlik maar ’n druppel in die kelder is in die groter prentjie. Dis nou die elite-handelsmerke van gesofistikeerde, spoggerige privaatkelders.

Soveel kelders; soveel keuses

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kelders, produsentekelders, produserende groothandelaars, landgoedere, boetiek­ kelders, net wat jy wil, maar daar is nie minder nie as 568 amptelike ‘fasiliteite’ wat die druiwe pars, meer as ’n miljard liter oes en omtrent 8 000 verskillende wyne op die winkelrak, met onbeperkte karakter- en stylvariasies. ’n Verdere eienaardigheid is dat 75% van die totale uiteindelik verpakte of gebottelde wyn van slegs 48 wynmakerye kom, naamlik die produsentekelders – voorheen ook bekend as koöperatiewe kelders omdat hulle bedryf word deur groepe wyndruifboere met gemeenskaplike kelders en wynmakers. Hierdie kelders het in die jongste jare almal maatskappye geword, met hul ledeen ledeplase wat aandeelhouers is, en wat steeds hoofsaaklik volgens gemeenskaplike of gepoelde stelsels werk vir ekonomiese voordele. Dit is juis hulle wat grootliks vir die bekostigbare kant van die wynspektrum sorg, maar wat slegs 25% van die land se totale verpakte wyn onder eie handelsmerke verkoop. Hul lewensaar oor die dekades was om hul wyn aan produserende groothandelaars – daar’s nou 27 van hulle – te verkoop vir hul handelsmerke soos Two Oceans, Graça en Roodeberg. Die privaat­kelders wat self wyn maak, aan die ander kant, het aansienlik in getal gegroei in die 2000’s – na byna 500 – wat 204 landgoedwyn­makerye insluit wat aan streng kwalifikasies volgens die Wyn van Oorprongskema moet voldoen om Die gewilde Nuy on the Hill. hierdie eliteonderskeiding te kan hê en natuurlik hoër pryse te kan regverdig – waarvan die meeste verbruikers egter nie bewus is nie. Die privaat­kelders

s jy dieper delf, help dit verklaar waarom jy in die kleinhandel enigiets van R25 per bottel tot meer as R1 000 sal betaal en sekerlik nie juis ’n duisend bokke se verskil gaan proe nie. Aan die bopunt van die spektrum sal jy waarskynlik spoggerig en veilig met jou keuse voel en hopelik onvergeetlike ervarings hê. Die bottom line van die onderkant is weer dat jy selde iets slegs sal kry en nogal lekker ontdekkings sal maak, veral as jy so ’n bietjie hoër mik sonder om die bank te breek. So vat ek mos toe nou eendag die papierberg in my posbus van ’n kant af en bekyk die wyn-advertensies vir die eerste keer – werklik ’n wêreld van kleur en verskeidenheid van nie minder nie as vier kettingwinkelgroepe. Alles van rosé tot port, meesal droog. Die pryse in een 16-blad-brosjure het gewissel van R24,99 vir ’n chenin of shiraz as jy ses koop, tot R179 vir ’n spoggerige rooi versnit. Ek was verbaas oor die aantal wyne van bekende brands in die R30-R50-kategorie, asook die feit dat die meeste wyne onder R100 was. Hoe rym dit? Wat jy wel moet verstaan is dat daar ’n wye spektrum van kelder- of wynmakery-kategorieë is waarvan min op die etiket aangedui word. En dat dit ons ’n groter styl- en pryskeuse gee as ooit tevore – ook ’n groter gehaltekeuse. Noem hulle kelders, wynmakerye, privaat­

verkoop volumegewys maar 22%, insluitend die land­goedere se 1,7%. Nou moet jy onthou dat ’n groot deel van die land se wynproduksie, veral van produsentekelders, deesdae uitgevoer word in stortmaat, sonder bottelering of identiteit. ’n Betekenisvolle verwikkeling by die produsentekelders is dat hulle, benewens hul groothandelverkope, al hoe sterker op kleiner lotte gehaltewyn fokus en handelsmerke bou, veral van geledere soos Oranjerivier, Namaqua, Boland, Perdeberg, Wellington, Darling en Robertson. Al hoe meer van hulle bied deesdae ook toerisme-aantreklikhede om verbruikers na hul mooi landelike omgewings te trek, soos bergfietsroetes, eet- en proeplekke. Oor ’n afstand van so 30 km tussen Worcester en Robertson is daar byvoorbeeld drie sulke uitspanplekke, wat begin met die Overhex Wynmakery en Bistro. Nuy-kelder se nuwe proelokaal en restaurant, Nuy on the Hill met sy panoramiese uitsig van ’n koppie langs die R60, is ’n treffer deur mense wat oor dekades voorgeloop het met muskadel-dessertwyn, maar nou ook voortreflike tafelwyne baie bekostigbaar aanbied. Verder af in die pad kry jy weer Rooiberg, met sy treffende rooi landkuns, insluitend ’n reuse-stoel by ’n vriendelike proelokaal en eetplek. Om met ’n voorbeeld van werklike waarde af te sluit; hul Pinotage Reserve wat die mees bekroonde van sy soort uit ’n produsentekelder is – met vier Absa Top-tien Pinotage-bekronings, ’n dubbelgoud Veritas en 4 sterre in Platter’s – verkoop vir R90 per bottel. Die bekroonde Rooiberg Rooi Muskadel, waarvan die 2014-oesjaar nou op die Nederburg-veiling sal wees, kan jy teen R55 per bottel opraap. Intussen het ’n vooraanstaande landgoed­eienaar van Stellenbosch my nou eendag vertel dat hy sy jongste bottelering van byna 5 000 bottels top-Pinotage teen R1 500 per bottel reeds uitverkoop is. Dit word nie ingeskryf vir kompetisies nie. Verstaan jy nou? agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Cassie du Plessis

agri Wyn/Wine


agri Promosie/Promotional

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agri Uit ‘n ander hoek

Swerfkanonne uit toeka se dae se storie FRIKKIE KRAAMWINKEL©

In iedere plaashuis word daar waarskynlik die een of ander in bewaring gehou wat ’n skakel met historiese oomblikke in die geskiedenis verteenwoordig en wat hopelik opgeteken sal word terwyl die feite daaromtrent nog aan iemand bekend is.

S

o was ’n beskeie drievertrekhartbeeshuisie met palmiet en kleimure, waar die Hartbeestpoortdam vandag die inloop van die Magaliesrivier in die Krokodilrivier ingesluk het, die eerste tuiste van die familie Andries Pretorius op Groot Plaas in die ZuidAfrikaansche Republiek. Uit ’n geskiedkundige oogpunt was dit Transvaal se eerste nie-amptelike staatsargief. Daarin het Pretorius verskeie belangrike staatsdokumente bewaar, waaronder die Retief-Dingaan-traktaat. Dit wys net daarop hoe merkwaardig dinge soms op die skynbaar onmoontlikste maniere en plekke bewaar kan bly om ’n skakel in ’n verhaal te word ver van hulle plek van herkoms. Ons storie gaan hierdie keer daarom oor ’n ander Pretorius en hoe hy ’n rol gespeel het dat twee Duitse Königsberg-skeepskanonne in Pretoria en Johannesburg hulle storie ver terugneem na die slagvelde van die Groot Oorlog toe die skaduwee van Sarajevo oor die Afrika-kontinent gesweef het. Die moderne nuwe Duitse kruiser Königsberg se aankoms in Dar es Salaam in Junie 1914 met ’n hand-uitgesoekte bemanning onder kaptein Max Loof was bereken om die status van Duits-Oos-

Afrika te verhoog en die Duitse vloot se vermoë te verstewig om in geval van oorlog aksie te neem teen vreemde handelsvaartuie op hierdie belangrike seeroete. Daardie oorlogs-oomblik het aangebreek toe aartshertog Franz Ferdinand en sy vrou op 28 Junie 1914 in die strate van Sarajevo vermoor is. Die Königsberg het ná enkele aksies ter see skuiling moes soek in die Rufiji-rivier toe enjinprobleme en ’n tekort aan steenkool vir brandstof die oorsaak was dat drie Britse kruisers agt maande lank nie aan die oorlog kon deelneem nie omdat hulle moes keer dat die Königsberg uit die rivier ontsnap. Dit het die Duitsers goed te pas gekom. Dit was die Suid-Afrikaanse olifant­ jagter, Pieter Pretorius, wat daarin geslaag het om die Königsberg te voet te bereik en vermom as ’n ou Arabiese hoendersmous het hy aan boord gegaan. Pretorius het die Königsberg se posisie aan die Engelse bevestig nadat hy groter vriende met hulle geword het toe die Duitsers sy jagverblyf gekonfiskeer het. Dit was 6 Julie 1915 toe die Britte tot die aanval op die Königsberg oorgegaan en die kruiser dermate beskadig het dat die Duitsers die skip met sy eie torpedo’s opgeblaas en gekelder het.

Die Duitsers het die skeepskanonne en ander geskut van die Königsberg gered vir verdere gebruik in die stryd op land. In Dar es Salaam se masjineer-werkwinkels is nuwe onderstelle met wiele vir die kanonne vervaardig en vir ’n lang tyd was die 105mm-kanonne die swaarste geskut op die Oos-Afrikaanse slagvelde. Dit is in hierdie Oos-Afrikaanse gevegte dat die Duitse generaal Paul von Lettow Vorbeck en sy Askaritroepe legendariese figure in die streek se militêre geskiedenis geword het. Gedurende die vier jaar wat die oorlog geduur het, het meer dan 300 000 troepe onder bevel van 137 generaals teen hulle geveg – onder andere generaal Jan Smuts. Toe Von Lettow Vorbeck uiteindelik ná die sluiting van ’n wapenstilstand op bevele uit Duitsland oorgegee het, het sy Britse en Belgiese teenstanders hom en sy troepe onderweg na Duitsland soos geëerde gaste behandel. In Duitsland is hulle warm ontvang as onoorwonne helde. Twee van die Königberg-kanonne is deur Suid-Afrikaanse troepe buit gemaak en bewaak een op ’n straathoek die westelike ingang tot die Uniegebou terwyl die ander een ’n tuiste in die Johannesburg-oorlogmuseum gevind het. Soos swerfkanonne staan hulle daar in allenigheid op verbygangers se reispad om ver van hulle plek van herkoms ’n unieke stukkie geskiedenis te vertel uit ’n Groot Oorlog toe die Europese olifante mekaar ook op die Afrika-kontinent begin vertrap en die grasveld erg daaronder gely het.

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ANTOKA 40 EC ‘n Sistemiese emulgeerbare konsentraatonkruiddoder vir die selektiewe na-opkoms beheer van glifosaat-tolerante opslagmielies en eenjarige grasse soos aangedui.

Opsomming van drie proewe (2015), wat die prestasie (gemiddelde persentasie effektiwiteit) van ANTOKA 40 EC toon vir die beheer van glifosaattolerante opslagmielies (Zea mays) * Daar is Direct teen 0.1% en VelocityTM DryMax teen 1 % by ANTOKA 40 EC behandelings bygevoeg. Silwett en VelocityTM DryMax is by die industriestandaarde gevoeg. * WNB -weke na behandeling

NEW FROM VILLA 100 80 60 40 20 0 2 WNB

4 WNB

6 WNB

2 WNB

Proef 1: Nylstroom

4 WNB

6 WNB

2 WNB

Proef 2: Fouriesburg

Antoka 40 EC (0.75 ℓ/ha)

Antoka 40 EC (1.0 ℓ/ha)

4 WNB

6 WNB

Proef 3: Groblersdal

Industriestandaard (0.75 ℓ/ha)

• •

ANTOKA 40 EC is ‘n asetiel CoA karboksase inhibeerder (HRAC Groep A). Selektiewe na-opkoms onkruiddoder vir die beheer van gras-onkruide en glifosaat-tolerante opslagmielies in lande wat voorberei word vir die aanplant van gewasse. Word geabsorbeer deur die blare van gras-onkruide en versprei deur die hele plant.

Hoop op in groeipunt van lote en risome, waar dit normale selfunksies benadeel, wat tot die dood van die onkruid lei. ANTOKA 40 EC kan gebruik word in wisselbouprogramme aangesien dit vinnig in die grond afgebreek word. Uiterse kort onthoudingstydperk (5 dae), wat dus buigsaamheid van toediening toelaat.

LEES ALTYD DIE ETIKET VOOR GEBRUIK ANTOKA 40 EC Aktiewe bestanddeel: Quizalofop P-tefuryl (aryloxifenoksipropionaat) 40 g /ℓ, Reg. Nr. L10249 (skadelik) Wet 36 van 1947 Registrasiehouer: VILLA CROP PROTECTION (Pty) Ltd. Mpy. reg. nr. 1992/002474/07. Posbus 801, Kemptonpark, 1620. Tel. (011) 396-2233

| agri www.villacrop.co.za AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page 114

6452

Kenmerke


agri Promosie/Promotional

Weerstand: Verstaan dié komplekse probleem DR CHARLIE REINHARDT

WANNEER SWAK ONKRUIDBEHEER SOOS WEERSTAND TEEN ONKRUIDDODERS KAN LYK Onbevredigende of swak werking van onkruiddoders word al te dikwels voor die deur van óf die onkruiddoder óf die onkruid gelê. Onkruiddoders wat swak werk, is meermale mense se skuld en nie onkruide of onkruiddoders nie. Wispelturige (té hoog en té laag) klimaatsfaktore, soos reënval en temperatuur, beïnvloed ook onkruiddoderwerking, in weerwil van mens se beste praktyke.

O

ntwikkeling van onkruid­­ weerstand teen onkruid­ doders is argumenteer­baar die grootste mensgemaakte probleem waarmee gewas­ produksie die wêreld oor te kampe het. Globaal beskou, is tot hede weerstand by 251 onkruidsoorte teenoor 163 verskillende onkruiddoders bewys. In Suid-Afrika is weer­ stand vanaf die 1980’s tot nou toe bevestig by nege onkruidsoorte en vyf meganismesvan-onkruiddoderwerking. Waarskynlik is daar meer gevalle hier te lande wat wag om bevestig te word, maar streng wetenskaplike protokol moet gevolg word vir ’n geval om in die annale van die International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds (www.weedscience.org) opgeneem te word. Vir onkruiddoders om behoorlik te kan werk, moet genoeg daarvan deur die teikenplant (onkruid) opgeneem word, en dan in die vervoerstelsel na die plekvan-aksie getranslokeer word, waar die onkruiddoder se besondere meganismevan-aksie plaasvind. Sou dit gebeur dat te min onkruiddoder die plek-van-aksie vinnig genoeg en in ’n hoog genoeg hoeveelheid bereik, is swak beheer die gevolg. Redes daarvoor begin by keuse van onkruid­doder, die dosis, tegniek van toediening, tyd van toediening (onkruid­ groei­stadium) – almal faktore onder menslike beheer. Eers daarna volg planten onkruid­doderfaktore soos spoed en gemak waarmee onkruiddoder deur onkruide opgeneem word. Ook hier is die menslike faktor bepalend vir die uitkoms, aangesien kritiese faktore soos grootte van onkruidplante en gebruik van bymiddels (spuitwater-kondisioneer­ders, benatters, spreiders ens) ’n groot verskil in effektiwiteit van beheer kan maak. Ware weerstand, d.w.s. genetiesbepaalde onkruidweerstand, is wanneer sekere individue van ’n onkruidpopulasie wat voorheen effektief beheer is, op spontane (natuurlike) wyse genetiese verandering ondergaan het en as gevolg daarvan nie meer gevoelig teenoor die betrokke onkruiddoder is nie. Genetiese aanpassings

vind oor tyd in onkruidpopulasies plaas en sluit in natuurlike of spontane verandering (mutasie) by die plek-van-aksie, wat maak dat die onkruiddoder se meganismevan-werking ongedaan gemaak word; byvoorbeeld die plek-van-aksie van glifosaat-onkruiddoder is die EPSPS-ensiem, en wanneer dit mutasie ondergaan het, kan glifosaat nie die ensiem se werking inhibeer nie en die teikenplant oorleef weens weerstandigheid wat ontwikkel het. Ander aanpassings van onkruid wat hul weerstandig teen onkruiddoders kan maak, is ontwikkeling van meer was en haartjies as normaalweg op die blaaroppervlak, wat die opname van die onkruiddoder belemmer. Dan is daar ook die chemiese reaksies in die vervoersisteem van plante wat onkruiddoders inaktiveer en sodoende verhoed dat genoegsame hoeveelheid onkruiddoder by die plek-van-aksie kan uitkom om onkruiddodende effek te hê. In die geval van glifosaat is gevind dat, benewens al die bogenoemde maniere waarop weerstand kan ontwikkel, daar ook sekwestrasie (afsondering) van die onkruiddoder in vakuole van plantselle in sekere onkruidsoorte plaasvind. Die verskillende maniere waarop onkruidweerstand tot uiting kom, kan in

verskillende kombinasies betrokke wees, wat weerstand ’n komplekse probleem maak. Mense “kweek” of selekteer vir onkruidweerstand deur oorafhanklik van ’n onkruiddoder(s) met ’n enkele meganismevan-werking te raak, soos wat die geval in kleingrane is met beide ALS-inhibeerders (chlorsulfuron, metsulfuron ens) en ACCaseinhibeerders (diklofop-metiel, fluazifop ens). Glifosaat se toekoms word erg bedreig deur oormatige alleengebruik daarvan, spesifiek waar dit sonder ondersteuning van ander onkruiddoders met alternatiewe meganismesvan-werking gebruik word. Beste praktyk vir voorkoming en bestuur van bestaande onkruidweerstand is tenkmengsels van onkruiddoders wat verskillende meganismes-van-werking het. Dr Charlie Reinhardt is projekleier van die Suid-Afrikaanse inisiatief vir onkruid­ doderweerstand (die SAHRI-program) aan die Universiteit van Pretoria. Hy is dekaan van die Villa Academy, buitengewone professor in onkruidwetenskap aan die Universiteit van Pretoria en buitengewone professor in die departement agronomie, Universiteit van Stellenbosch. NAVRAE: E-pos: dr.charlie.reinhardt@gmail.com; tel. 011 396 2233 agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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Human Detection

InstaCam 3G Die Veldkamera Oplossing wat vir JOU wys waar en wanneer HULLE kom.

Promosie pakkette Pakket 1

Pakket 2

X3

X 10

R 16 000

R 50 000

Ekstras Ingesluit

Ekstras Ingesluit

Ekstras: SD kaart, SIM kaart, batterye, gratis aflewering, tegniese ondersteuning en 1 maand Gratis Elite subskripsie.

+(27) 87 238 2388 | instasense.co agri AUG â&#x20AC;˘ SEPT â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;17 bladsy/page

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Promosie eindig 29 September 2017

Trots Suid-Afrikaanse Sagteware


agri Promosie/Promotional

Instasense se gratis sagteware

maak van jou veldkamera ‘n superkamera Veldkameras is baie gewild omdat dit geen bedrading benodig nie. Boere gebruik die tradisionele veldkameras nie net vir veiligheid nie, maar ook om seker te maak dinge op die plaas verloop soos dit moet.

D

ie Instasense-stelsel stuur vir jou ‘n boodskap deur middel van die toep (app) teen dieselfde koste as toeps soos WhatsApp en Viber. Dit is goedkoper as ‘n MMS! Wat maak Instasense so uniek? Instasense se mees unieke eienskap is dat die stelsel jou self laat weet wat waargeneem word deur middel van kunsmatige intelligensie. Met ander kamerastelsels word foto’s gewoonlik per e-pos of MMS gestuur. Aangesien daar nie enige versendingsintelligensie is nie, is die massa hoeveelheid foto’s wat gestuur word geneig om die verbruiker te steur. Instasense het patentregte op ‘n baie nuttige stelsel wat die verbruiker só kan aanwend dat die stelsel met enkele afwykings die verbruiker slegs laat sien wat hy benodig. Byvoorbeeld: “Stel my slegs in kennis wanneer ‘n mens waargeneem word.” Die toep stuur dan ‘n kennisgewing uit wat lees: “Mens waargeneem 89% waarskynlikheid.” Die verbruiker sal dan op die stelsel kan inteken en die foto bekyk. Die waarneming van mense word as ‘n funksie op die sagteware aangebied vanwaar die toep die verbruiker in kennis stel dat ‘n mens waargeneem is.

So kan die Instasense-sagteware ook geleer word om voertuie te herken. Die intelligente stelsel stel die toep in staat om nie die verbruiker te steur indien iets soos ‘n voëltjie of ‘n vlakvark waargeneem word nie. Natuurlik word alle foto’s op Instasense se veilige Cloud-platform gestoor en die verbruiker het enige tyd toegang tot die volledige spektrum foto’s. Dit is kommerwekkend dat duur veldkameras buite werking is of nie benut word nie weens swak integrasie of toerusting wat nie gebruikersvriendelik is nie, of bloot omdat data nie tot voordeel van beveiliging aangewend kan word nie. Instasense stel boere in staat om altyd toegang tot die materiaal op hul veldkameras te hê en met ’n kennisgewing deur die toep daarvan ingelig te word wanneer die kameras verdagte bewegings optel. Met die Instasensesagteware, Android- en iOS-toeps, is daar ‘n magdom moontlikhede om hierde slim waarnemingsplatform vir kommersiële, stedelike en landelike monitering aan te wend. Foto’s kan op verskeie maniere besigtig word, die eerste manier is natuurlik via die toep, en dan ook deur die www.mysense.co webportaal. Die www.mysense.co webportaal stel die verbruiker in staat om enige plek ter wêreld foto’s te besigtig. Die webportaal bied die verbruiker die geleentheid om alle foto’s volgens datums te rangskik. Dit is veral baie nuttig om patrone raak te sien aangesien die foto’s klaar in chronologiese volgorde gestoor word.

Is jou huidige veldkamera versoenbaar met Instasensesagteware? Instasense-sagteware is versoenbaar met die meeste veldkameras wat met simkaarte werk en algemeen beskikbaar is. Instasense-sagteware werk op enige selfoonnetwerk en benodig slegs ‘n opvangsterkte van 2G- of EDGE. Dus kan selfs ouer model kameras ook gebruik word deur eenvoudig die Instasense-sagteware te installeer en die toep af te laai. Daar is ook verskeie gratis hulpmiddels beskikbaar op www.instasense.co asook ‘n tegniese span per landlyn (087 238 2388). Wat maak die InstaCam 3G so spesiaal? As deel van die ontwikkeling stel Instasense ook hul eie kamera, die InstaCAM 3G, beskikbaar wat reeds volledig met die sagteware toegerus is. Dit werk dadelik en kan inligting versend. Dit kan ook op aanvraag vanaf die toep foto’s stuur. Besoek www.instasense.co of skakel gerus 087 238 2388 vir meer inligting omtrent die veldkamera-oplossing asook volledige tegniese inligting. ‘n Verbruiker kan enkelkameras of kombinasie-opsies (met ekstras, soos SIM en SD-kaarte, asook metaalkissies en batterye) direk vanaf Instasense verkry, klaar opgestel en getoets om dadelik te werk.

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®

Agri

Proud Suppliers of

premium agricultural equipment

Grain Storage Bins | Grain Conveyors & Elevators | Grain Dryers & Cleaners Water Tanks | Reservoir Liners

Telephone: +27(0)31 825 3546 | Email: info@sbsagri.co.za | Website: www.sbsagri.co.za agri AUG • SEPT ‘17 bladsy/page

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agri Promosie/Promotional

SBS Agri brings service excellence to farming We all know that partnerships are imperative to getting the job done in the agricultural industry. From the days of subsistence agriculture right up to the village model in the early 1900s where co-ops were the name of the game (and in many ways still are), there was no doubt that good partners ensured healthy crops, a good harvest, and a high return on investment. If you had the right partners, you could achieve remarkable things.

T

hat is why 20-year-old SBS® Water Systems (Pty) Ltd, manufacturer and supplier of SBS Tanks®, made a decision to partner with some of the most experienced people that they could find in the agricultural industry to ensure that they could service Southern Africa’s burgeoning farming needs. As food shortages become more of a problem and populations and urbanisation increases exponentially, farming communities throughout Southern Africa are presented with more opportunities than ever before. With 20 years of experience as the largest manufacturer and installer of prefabricated Zincalume® Steel water storage reservoirs and tanks in Southern Africa, SBS® Water Systems (Pty) Ltd were regularly dealing with enquiries about their agricultural offering. In 2016 their visionary MD, Delayne Gray, partnered with some key players in the farming industry and launched SBS® Agri (Pty) Ltd. Headed up by Leon Oosthuizen as managing director, SBS® Agri (Pty) Ltd aims to not only meet the needs of Southern Africa’s farming requirements, but go beyond them and exceed all expectations. For this reason their catchy slogan: “Meeting the need, exceeding the expectation.” Leon Oosthuizen comes from an agricultural background and he and his formidable team at SBS® Agri (Pty) Ltd have over 40 years of experience in agriculture. Just when you thought SBS® Agri couldn’t get any more impressive, they secured a

partnership with one of the most significant grain storage and handling companies in North America, Lambton Conveyor Limited. Based in Ontario, and with a history going back more than 50 years, Lambton Conveyor is the largest manufacturer of galvanized grain storage, handling and conditioning equipment in Canada. Lambton began as a small family-owned storage and construction company in an unused poultry house, and throughout their years of worldclass service and personalised business relationships, they now boast headquarters of 61 000 sq m and supply distributors across the world. Their continuing focus on innovation, their robotic factory lines and experience in international trade give Lambton Conveyor Limited a huge advantage over competitors on a global scale.

SBS® Agri (Pty) Ltd is proud to be the sole distributor of Lambton equipment in Southern Africa and has already seen remarkable response in the market. With a holistic design and consultation team, SBS® Agri (Pty) Ltd is able to provide unique and long term solutions for your farm, co-op, or business. Along with Lambton’s grain storage, handling and conditioning equipment, SBS® Agri (Pty) Ltd also offers South African made water reservoirs, earth dam liners, flow accessories, structural support systems, feed milling equipment, valves and even state of the art technology to monitor the temperature of your harvested produce using an app on your phone! SBS® Agri (Pty) Ltd prides itself in personalised business relationships, and if you would like to discuss your needs with its team, they would be more than happy to make the time and effort to see you at your site. After all, that’s what farming is all about, relationships based on trust. Contact Leon and his team today for a trustworthy, tried and tested solution for your farm on leon@sbsagri.co.za.

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THE PROFIT CENTER

VISIT GSIAFRICA.CO.ZA STORAGE + CONDITIONING + MATERIAL HANDLING + STRUCTURES

124 Ridge Road, Laser Park, Honeydew, Ext 15, Gauteng P O Box 4012, Honeydew, 2040, South Africa Phone: +27 (011) 794 4455 | Fax: +27 (011) 794 4515 Email: sales@gsiafrica.co.za | Website: www.gsiafrica.co.za

THE PROFIT CENTER

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Web agri sept 2017  
Web agri sept 2017  
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