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Insider Secrets for Your Hydroponics Success

Bigger Buds How to Grow

pH Manifesto The Grower's Guide to pH and Bigger Yields pg 41

Plus: How to choose the right nutrients for your plants pg 38

Power up your blooming & flowering for bigger, more consistent yields— every time pg 92

How to Set Up the Perfect Grow Room A guide to the gear the pros use! pg 10

Easier trimming, Easier drying… Your perfect harvest plan inside. pg148 More Consistent Cloning The 3 keys to success pg 18

Which bundle is right for you? pg 102

Maximum Growth!

Bigger Buds!

Get The Most Out of Your Yield

The Bigger Yields Flowering System®


Welcome to

How To Grow Bigger Buds

O

ur purpose at Advanced Nutrients is simple: to make the world passionate about growing plants hydroponically.

Why We Wrote This Guide

“When you're in love, you want to tell the world.” - Carl Sagan Our purpose at Advanced Nutrients is simple: to make the world passionate about growing plants hydroponically. This guide, “How To Grow Bigger Buds” is a declaration to the hydroponic world about our products, which solve real problems for you, the grower, that we're proud of.

How To Use This Guide It's simple, really. Whichever step of the growing process you find yourself curious about, you'll find a section for it in the index, at the front of this product guide. Then, just flip to the pages that explain what you're curious about and voila, you'll see a list of all the resources you'll need for that step. You'll also find special tips about which resources will optimize your growing, and the basic information you need to understand what's going on.

With the right information, and a love of the game, you can take a tiny transplant like this and yield marvelous flowers.

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Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

Sadly, we don't have the space to give you full tutorials on each step of the growing process. However, we do have enough space to clearly organize which resources you'll need at each step of the growing process. And, which are the best of those resources. These steps appear in the order you'd perform them in real life. We'd also like to point you to our website, advancednutrients.com, for more information, should you find yourself curious about any of the resources listed in this product guide. Lastly, it's very important we're clear about what this guide is not. It's not a technical, comprehensive how-to the same way that some other popular guides are. It is a catalog of the specific solutions our company, Advanced Nutrients, has developed to solve specific growing problems. Which means this guide is limited to our product line, which is not comprehensive for every challenge you'll face as a grower. As always, we recommend you work with your local hydro store experts to get complete advice about growing.


Table of Contents

2013

Welcome to "How to Grow Bigger Buds" What is Different About Us?

4 6

Section 1 - Setting up a room Intro BaddAss Bulbs

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting Intro Juicy Roots Root Shooters B-52 Voodoo Juice

Section 3 - Growing

Intro pH Manifesto pH Perfect Sensi Grow pH Perfect GMB Jungle Juice 2-Part & 3-Part Ancient Earth Organic

Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering

Intro pH Perfect Connoisseur pH Perfect Sensi Bloom Bigger Yields Bundle® Boxes: Hobbyist Level®, Expert Grower Level®, Professional Grower Level®, and Grand Master Grower Level® Bud Ignitor Piranha Tarantula Big Bud® Bud Candy Sensizym Nirvana Rhino Skin Bud Factor X

Section 5 - Ripening and Harvesting Intro Overdrive Final Phase QuickCure

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14

18 20 26 30 34

38 41 74 78 82 86

92 94 98 102 110 114 118 122 126 130 134 138 142

148 150 154 158

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t n A b e r out Us? e f f i D s ' t a Wh When you decide to buy an Advanced Nutrients product what you’re really buying is peace of mind. Here’s why. You’re a client to us not a customer. What’s the difference? A customer is somebody you do business with and then for all practical purposes forget about. A client is under the care, guidance and protection of an expert in the field. Think about it, because that’s a very important distinction. Moreover, all Advanced Nutrients team members take this responsibility seriously. In fact, they realize the importance of putting your success first. That’s one of the reasons all team members are so passionate about getting you using the best products, information and results for your crops. Because they realize anything less and they’ll be putting you at a disadvantage. And that doesn’t mean just using Advanced Nutrients products. If there is a better

product out there they have been given very clear instructions to recommend that product even if it’s a competing product with one of our own products. Now when you think about that last statement it obviously puts a tremendous amount of pressure on every team member in our entire organization to continually give you the very best products, information and drives constant innovation -- anything less and we would have to suffer the embarrassment of having to send you to one of our competitors. And this isn’t lip service. It’s absolute doctrine at Advanced Nutrients. You are a client first and foremost, your long term success is the essential part of our company culture. You see, Advanced Nutrients is the hydroponics industry's thought leader and innovator. When you use any Advanced Nutrients product you are getting the best

Advanced Nutrients has created more industry firsts for our growing community than any other hydroponics company, period.

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Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

technologies available to you. I realize this may sound like a bunch of “Yea, sure, that’s what they all say” to you. Maybe it is to you... but maybe it’s not. And if it’s not, then what? So I want you to take the time to consider this for a moment.

Industry firsts Advanced Nutrients has created more Industry Firsts for our growing community than any other hydroponics company, period. In fact, here’s your very long list of them. Take a quick look and judge for yourself... • First to do testing on the types of plants you grow, and in the types of gardens you grow in. • First and still the only hydroponics company to have an all out “real” PhD staffed research team. • First to develop and deploy a selfadjusting pH line of base nutrients and supplements so you won’t have to balance or adjust your nutrients' pH ever again. • First to invent and use beneficial microbes to balance and maintain pH. • First to use 100% chelated micronutrients giving you full protection over an ultra wide pH range. • First to use chelated macronutrients. • First to use a new class of pH buffering


technologies. • First to invent pH activated and balancing molecular technologies. • First to do daily tissue samples in relevant garden settings. • First to invent sealed grow rooms for the hydroponics community with total environmental controls (these rooms are known in the industry as “The Perfect Room”). • First to create patented engineered fertilizer programs. • First to give you beneficial bacteria and fungi. • First to give you root zone enhancers. • First to offer you toll-free and online technical support. • Invented the feed chart. • Invented the nutrient calculator. • First and only company to offer a 100% performance guarantee. • First and one of the few to use hot water manufacturing for superior dissolving of all liquid products. • First to use multiple element filtering of all products. • First hydroponics company to use bloom cofactors, and other specialty components that stimulate growth to get you bigger yields. • First to use ultra-purified reverse osmosis water for manufacturing products. Most hydroponics nutrient companies still use tap water to manufacture their products. • First to use standardized reverse osmosis water “tuning” in all manufacturing facilities and labs. This enables all water used to manufacture and test with is exactly the same anywhere in the world. And is the same technology used by Coca-Cola, Pepsi and Anheuser-Busch to ensure you always get the same consistent product. • First to use hormone-producing microbes. • First to use beneficial enzymes. • First to offer varietal nutrient mixture ratio and formulation. • First to offer email tech support, entertainment media, and gardening videos. • First to create products that stimulate plant immune systems. • First to offer symbiotic synthetic-organic

hybrid fertilizers. • First to make hydro-organic formulas that work perfectly no matter what garden you use them in. • First to do competitive product testing. • First to offer products in easy to use packaging, foil pouches, and hydrofriendly configurations. • First to offer a total system that takes care of your entire plant. • First to offer beneficial microbes and other products that protect grow rooms without toxic effects. • Invented carbohydrate supplements for plants. • First to use amino acids in bloom boosters. • First to identify the specific ratios of macro and micro-nutrients your plants need for bigger yields. • First to have perfectly balanced cations and anion based nutrients that control pH in your growing medium. Ok enough already, and I’m sure there are lots more that I haven’t remembered yet. It’s a fact the entire hydroponics nutrient industry has been chasing and imitating us for years. Which brings me to something else...

why compromise? Imagine just for a few moments you could jump into a time machine and be transported back to the year 1504. Boom! There you are ... it’s Saturday morning and you’re standing in the outdoor market in Florence, Italy. It’s a sunny day, the sky is clear blue, the temperature is in the mid 70s, and there’s a gentle breeze blowing across your face. So you start to take a walk around and see merchants everywhere. As you come around a corner there he is, the great master himself, Leonardo da Vinci sitting in a chair surrounded by all these really wonderful inventions and beautiful works of art. So you stop and stare at all of his original works and inventions. To your amazement they’re all for sale and when you reach into your pocket -sure enough -- you have plenty of money. So you start to negotiate for one of his works of art. But just before you’re ready to hand him your money you notice another merchant 30 feet away and he has what

I

f there is a better product out there our Business Buddies and Advanced Angels have been given very clear instructions to recommend that product even if it’s a competing product with one of our own products.”

looks like some of the same stuff Leonardo has. So you approach him and ask him his price. He offers you better prices and he says to you that he has a similar work of art like the one you were just looking at, in fact he even claims it’s exactly the same as Leonardo’s work. However under very close scrutiny you discover it’s not “just the same”. In fact, the workmanship is shoddy and it lacks inspiration. Well which one are you going to buy? The answer is really obvious. Isn’t it? So why would you want to compromise when it comes to buying your hydroponics nutrients? Truthfully, you wouldn’t knowingly do so, would you? And personally, I don’t want you to either, that’s why I listed all of Advanced Nutrients' hydroponics industry “firsts” and leading inventions for you. More importantly, I want you to be absolutely sure when you make your choices -- it’s going to be the right one for you and your plants. Thanks for taking the time to read this, you’ll find the rest of this product guide interesting and informative. Enjoy :-) Big Mike

Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

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Section 1

Setting up a room

A

lright, so you’ve got your vision. The force is strong with you. You have the intention to grow. The first thing you need to decide is this: How many plants do you want? How much you want to grow will determine every other decision you make. If you're growing one plant for yourself and some friends, then you can get away with growing in a closet. If you plan to sell your yields for some serious cash, you're going to need more than one plant. And your plants are going to need some space to grow. The rule of thumb is that you want to aim for your plants being 18-24” from the surface of the light. After that, there are four major areas of concern.

The Challenges You Face When Setting Up Your Space There are four basic challenges you’ll face when setting up your space. With this guide, they’ll be easy to overcome. Here they are: 1. Lighting 2. Power 3. Air Flow 4. Environment

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Section 1 - Continued Setting up a Room | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 1 - Setting up a Room | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

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1. Lighting The point of indoor growing gear is to mimic nature as closely as possible, or improve upon it when possible. And just like everyone learned in grade school, one of the basic foods any plant needs is light. Obviously in nature this comes from the sun. Indoors, you have a couple of customizable options that will do just about as good a job if you get the right equipment. The two most important considerations you have when planning your lighting are: 1. How much light you need for the plants you're growing. 2. Where you are in the process of growing.

1. Uno™

2. MelonHead®

3. Custom Hood

What size bulb should you use? It all depends on how many plants you're growing, and how much space you have to grow them. ScrOG growers, for example, brag about growing with insane efficiency using little 250 watt lamps. (ScrOG stands for “Screen of Green” and is a way to maximize your yields using a very small space. Excellent for closet growers. In very simple terms, ScrOGing is using a net to carefully manage the distance between your plants and the lamp they feed from. This distance is very important for optimal growth, which we'll talk about in more detail below). Growers with more space and more plants will need larger lamps, anywhere from 600 to 1000 watts. This is a very important part of setting up your grow space and should be discussed in person with a hydro store professional. They’re helpful, knowledgeable people and you’ll want to explain to them what you’re trying to do in order to get the best advice. Also, when you make friends at the hydro store, you’ll be making your way into the community, which looks out for its own. These are people you can count on when you have questions, and as time goes on, you’ll be very glad to have them on your team when the real challenges come up. WHAT STAGE ARE YOU AT? Your plants will go through two distinct stages of growth – the vegetative phase, where they grow their stems; and the flowering phase, where the attention moves from growing stems to blossoming flowers or fruits. To maximize your yields, you’ll need to plan your lighting strategy for these distinct stages ahead of time. There are a couple of decisions to make.

Advanced Nutrients makes three types of shades: (1) Uno, (2) MelonHead and (3) Custom Hood. Each is designed specifically for the space that you have to grow with.

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Section 1 - Setting up a Room | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

Decision #1: Which lights will give you the most bang for your buck? Here’s what we mean: your plants can only use certain parts of the spectrum of light. Remember the colors of the rainbow, ROYGBIV (Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet)? Well, as far as photosynthesis is concerned, your plants are focused on the reds and the blues. To grow truly awe-inspiring flowers, your lights will need to deliver optimal photons in the red and blue color spectra. A term you should become familiar with, if you’re not already, is PAR, or Photosynthetically Active Range. This range (between 400 and 700 nanometers) is used to measure the amount of the specific photons your plants use to grow big and healthy. When you go to buy a light, you want to make sure the light emits optimal PAR watts to your plants.

Decision #2: When will you trigger the flowering stage in your plants? Your plants know it’s time to start blooming when you make a specific change in the lighting. This is known as a “photoperiod,” or the contrast between how many hours per day your plants are receiving light, versus the time they are in the dark. Eighteen hours of light per day will feed your plants all they can handle during the vegetative phase. After your plants are about eight weeks old, it’s time to switch your lighting to 12 hours on, 12 hours off. This will let your plants know it’s time to blossom, and you’ll see signs of budding on your stems in approximately one to three weeks from the time you make the switch. Having lights, and power sources for your lights (called “ballasts”), that are well designed for effective photoperiods, is crucial to your success.


2. Power The power source for a light is called a ballast. The ballast controls the energy output of the light, and can automatically time the on/off stages of your photoperiod. The ideal ballast for the light you choose is one that can a) manage a steady output of light from your bulb, and b) get maximum performance from your bulb without pushing it too far (which can result in overheating, and in some cases, exploding bulbs. Be very careful about this. Bulbs pushed too far can lead to house fires, not to mention unfortunate growing setbacks.) 3. Air Flow There are three things to keep in mind when it comes to air flow: 1. Stomata 2. Circulation 3. Ventilation 1. Stomata are the nostrils your plants breathe through. The name of the game here is to keep everything clean. That means keeping easily clogged stomata free of too much gunk in the growing medium, whether that comes from an imbalance of nutrients, pesticides, fungicides, or what have you. Also, you want to keep fresh air coming in through ventilation, and have it circulating around the room. Circulation is important because your plants will use all the CO2 in the air around them very quickly. Once a dead air zone forms around your plants, growth comes to a screeching halt. You want to keep the air moving so that your plants always have a fresh source of CO2. Ventilation is the process of bringing in fresh air. This is pretty easy to do, and is also very important. If you don’t have a steady supply of fresh, dry air, then the humidity levels in your grow space will get out of control and clog your plants’ stomata. Once that happens, again, growth stops dead in its tracks.

BaddAss Ballasts® are the world's first low-frequency square-wave digital ballast.

BaddAss Blades

Equipment You'll Need for Air Flow If your grow space has naturally occurring cracks and holes to supply fresh air, then you may only need an inline blower or a fan to maintain good air flow. Grow spaces that are sealed off will need an intake fan and ducting. In the pages that follow, we’ll list which products are best for whatever your situation may be, and why (with some pretty astonishing proof).

BaddAss Blower®

BaddAss Blowers and BaddAss Blades are the most durable, effective solution to move serious CFMs through your grow room.

4. ENVIRONMENT By “environment” we mean the general conditions of the room. What is the humidity? Room temperature? Temperature of your lights? Factors like these are very important to manage if you want to grow well. However, at the time of this publication, Advanced Nutrients doesn’t manufacture every product needed to address these challenges. Therefore, we have to recommend that you find a hydro store, with experts you get along with and trust, who can help you out. It’s a good idea anyway, because you’ll make your best progress as a grower when you have a community of other experienced growers to learn from and talk with.

For more on the issues that might occur in your grow room, visit our "Advices & Prevention" webpage at advancednutrients.com/advice

Section 1 - Setting up a Room | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

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Light It Up! What Makes For Ideal Indoor Lighting?

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Section 1 - Setting up a Room | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 1 - Setting up a Room When you invest in a bulb for indoor growing, you’d like to be confident you’re buying a bulb designed by competent engineers. Engineers who take pride in their work. Engineers who are hungry to uphold their reputations by making a quality product. That’s why we think it’s important to be aware of what makes a quality indoor light – so you know what to look for to get the best results in your garden. Here’s a list of the most important elements in a high-quality bulb, and why we think Advanced Nutrients has the best answer for each challenge: • A strong lumens/wattage ratio. You’re going to notice an increase in your energy bill if you grow indoors, so to get the most out of the extra money you’ll be paying for power, it’s very important you get the most lumens you can out of your lights. More lumens = better yields. • The BaddAss Blue Diamond® and Red Diamond® Bulbs have more lumens for the wattage than any other bulbs in their class. At each level – 600 or 1000 watts, metal halide or high pressure sodium – your BaddAss bulbs will easily shine more lumens than any other bulb available for the wattage. • Consistent color and relevant color spectrum. Remember ROY-G-BIV, that acronym to remember the colors of the rainbow (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet)? There are different colors of light, and not all of them are

relevant to the growth of your plant. The most important colors for maximum photosynthetic response are in the blue and red range. The BaddAss Blue Diamond® and Red Diamond® Bulbs put out 99% color consistency and the most complete, relevant color spectrum you’ll find in any bulb. A quick strike time. Strike time is a term for how long it takes your bulb to reach maximum output from the time you turn it on. Obviously, the shorter the strike time, the less money you spend on energy, and the more time your plants can spend growing. Specifically, the strike time is as fast as under 4 minutes, which can be achieved best with the ballasts. Your bulb is protected by an Oil Guard® protective removable sleeve which will prevent the oils from your hands from ever coming in contact with the surface of the bulb. That means no surface damage to the bulb, and thus no rupturing or exploding bulbs. Strict Acceptable Quality Level (AQL) standards. Manufacturing is very much a game of numbers and statistics. If you make a million of something in a factory, chances are a certain percentage are going to have defects. Because of that, the average quality of a product is largely determined by how carefully they are inspected and handled before they leave the factory. BaddAss Blue Diamond® and

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: Can BaddAss Bulbs be dimmed? ANSWER: Yes, BaddAss Bulbs can be dimmed. QUESTION: Is there a dual arc bulb available in MH/HPS? ANSWER: No, at this time there is no dual arc version of the BaddAss Bulb. QUESTION: Is there a 400 watt version? ANSWER: Not at this time, but possibly in the future.

QUESTION: Are BaddAss Bulbs compatible with most sockets? ANSWER: Yes, they are compatible with E39 sockets used throughout the industry for HID lighting. QUESTION: What about the spectrum and lumen output? ANSWER: See the graphic later in this article. There is a detailed chart for lumen output and a graphic for spectrum as well.

Section 1 - Setting up a Room | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

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BaddAss Bulbs - Your Only Competition is the Sun®

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he BaddAss Bulb puts out 99% color consistency and the most complete, relevant color spectrum you'll find in any bulb.

Red Diamond® Bulbs are held to strict AQL standards. If even a slight defect is found on just one bulb, we go all the way back to the beginning of quality control to take care of it. This includes our visual, functional test and burn-in stages, as well as going through the entire testing and qualification/ approval process over again. • Automation. Once you’ve got a winning formula, it’s important to automate it to avoid mistakes. At the same time, we’re always working to see if our formula can be improved. The BaddAss Blue Diamond® and Red Diamond Bulbs® manufactur-

If your current bulbs don’t measure up to your high standards, then you might be ready for a light source designed to compound your yields, protect your plants, and save your hard earned money.

MH 1000-Watt enhanced spectral output metal halide vegetative bulb

Blue Diamond Bulbs®

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ing process is over 75% automated, which has resulted in less than 2% defects overall (that includes manufacturing, testing, packaging, transportation, shipping, handling – every step of the way – to finally arriving on the store shelf in mint condition). We have established a defect rate of less than 1% on the manufacturing line!

The specifics You can choose from the following classes of BaddAss Bulbs: • 600 watts or 1000 watts • Metal Halide or High Pressure Sodium. Just to be clear, and at the risk of being redundant, that means you can choose from four different bulbs. Six hundred watt in either metal halide or high pressure sodium, or 1000 watt in metal halide or high pressure sodium.

Clean, steady light is one of the most basic requisites for growing success, and no other bulb does it quite like the BaddAss Bulb.

MH 600-Watt conversion bulb enhanced spectral output metal halide vegetative bulb

HPS 1000-Watt enhanced spectral output hps flowering bulb

Red Diamond Bulbs®

Section 1 - Setting up a Room | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

HPS 600-Watt enhanced spectral output hps flowering bulb

Protective Oil Guard® Sleeve


Section 1 - Setting up a Room Red Diamond Bulbs

Blue Diamond Bulbs 1.0

1.0

0.5

0.5

0.0 380.0

485.0

590.0 Wavelength (nm)

695.0

0.0 380.0

800.0

1.0

1.0

0.5

0.5

0.0 380.0

485.0

590.0 Wavelength (nm)

695.0

0.0 380.0

800.0

Performance/Electrical Data

MH 1000W

MH 600W

HPS 1000W

HPS 600W

Initial Lumen Output

110000

60000

140000

90000

Lamp Lumens Per Watt

110

100

140

150

Color Temperature (k)

4200K

4200K

2000K

2000K

Lamp Wattage (W)

1000W

600W

1000W

600W

Operating Voltage (V)

263V

110V

250V

115V

Operating Current (Amps)

4.1A

6.20A

4.7A

6.2A

Blue Diamond Bulbs

485.0

590.0 Wavelength (nm)

695.0

800.0

485.0

590.0 Wavelength (nm)

695.0

800.0

One of the most common questions we get is “what about the lumen output?” On the chart to the left, you’ll find a detailed listing of the performance and electrical data to answer any questions you may have.

Red Diamond Bulbs

Fast Facts BENEFITS and Features: • Oil Guard® protective, removable sleeve protects your bulb. • BaddAss Bulbs feature a quick strike time to save you money. • An industry leading lumens/wattage ratio. • Highest initial lumen reading of any bulb in its class ever recorded. • Enhanced flower spectrum gives you over 99% color consistency. • The Red Diamond 600 Watt bulb reaches full lumen output 10x faster than any other bulb in its class, approximately 60 seconds.

Section 1 - Setting up a Room | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

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Section 2

Cloning and Rooting

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irst, we highly recommend you work this out with a hydroponic store professional. Without measuring your grow space and knowing exactly what you have to deal with, and what level of work or study you're willing to put in, we can't make a recommendation.

That said, most often you'll start with a clone, cut from a plant you'd like to reproduce. This is as simple as cutting a branch off the plant you'd like to mimic, and then dipping the cuttings in a rooting solution and planting it. After you plant that clone, you'll begin the process of moving it through bigger and bigger containers to give the roots space to grow. What might start out as a clone in a dixie cup full of soil could eventually grow into a monster plant that lives in a 15-gallon container. Again, this all depends on how much you're growing and what kind of space you have. As far as what you can do to help your plants grow through this period, you only need to manage a few things: 1. Your plants' stress level 2. A base nutrient solution 3. Rhizosphere supplements If you cover those factors well, you'll be setting yourself up for big time success. In the following pages, we'll tell you about the solutions we've developed to address these key aspects of growing, and why we think they're so great. 18

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

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Cloning Success How to Eliminate Cloning Problems, and Get a Near 100% Survival Rate 20

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting What You Need To Know If you're like most growers, you prefer to propagate using cuttings because it saves you time, shortens crop cycles, gets you more harvests per year, and helps eliminate some of the problems of growing from seeds. Not to mention the added benefit of knowing the exact type and quality of your new plants, unlike with seeds where sexual variation can produce less than desirable offspring. These are all great reasons to use cuttings .... But THERE ARE Problems With Cloning Many of your cuttings die because they don’t have roots yet, and you and I both know they can only live off the nutrients and energy they’re already storing for only so long. Cuttings that survive are often weaker because they can’t rely on strong root structures. Even with high quality mother plants, and following instructions properly, many growers just can’t seem to get cuttings to produce anything but wilted or sick looking plants. For many growers, cloning can be one of the biggest and most discouraging challenges they face.

There Is A Solution: Advanced Nutrients Juicy Roots™ was designed to solve these problems and to make cloning success easier for the everyday grower. Juicy Roots helps optimize clone's root development. The formula contains compounds that can help cuttings to direct more energy to earlier root initiation and growth. This, of course, is fantastic news for growers because the faster clones initiate roots, the faster they can stop relying on stored energy and start gathering their own. More energy means a stronger plant and stronger plants aren't as susceptible to common grow room pests and diseases. The bottom line is that when your clones rooting is optimized, you can expect a higher survival rate and virtually no more, or much less, of the wilting and yellowing typically associated with the cloning process. In the end this translates to a strong root structure that's ready for future growth, stronger and more valuable plants and more yields.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: When do I use Juicy Roots™? ANSWER: Use Juicy Roots cloning gel with your cuttings to optimize plant metabolism and plant infrastructure. Optimized root structures lead to stronger plants that may go into flowering earlier and have higher yield potential. QUESTION: What does Juicy Roots do? ANSWER: Juicy Roots optimizes root initiation and development. Plants with large, effective roots are stronger and can fight off clone killing pathogens more easily, including fungi, molds, and mildew. Because it optimizes root growth and development, you get much higher clone survival rates.

QUESTION: What makes Juicy Roots different than other cloning gels? ANSWER: Juicy Roots was developed specifically for the unique needs of the high-value plants we grow and their crucial early development time from cuttings to newly rooted crop. It will help optimize your clones ability to quickly develop larger, more productive roots. All this means you get overall stronger plants with a much higher survival rate. Plus, this cloning gel uses a unique applicator tip that makes it easy to use the right amount with no mess.

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

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Juicy Roots™ - Stickier Cloning Gel For Faster Rooting

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he first thing Juicy Roots™ does to help clones survive is spur them to sprout roots faster than with any other cloning gel. The formula contains rare compounds that compel cuttings to metabolize faster and direct more energy to earlier root sprouting and growth.

When and How Is It Applied? One of the biggest problems with other cloning gels is they’re messy to use, they don’t work right, and after you’ve used them a few times they are polluted with plant parts. You don’t have any of those problems with Juicy Roots.

Juicy Roots enhances root sprouting and development faster than other cloning gels.

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First, Juicy Roots has been specially designed for use with all of the most popular cloning mediums in the world. Second, instead of cutting and dipping your clones into a messy jar or plastic tub like you do with other cloning gels, Juicy Roots uses a new, unique applicator tip that does 2 things for you:

Juicy Roots was created by scientists for the types of high-value plants you grow.

Juicy Roots can make it possible to get a near 100% survival rate with your clones, saving you time, money and frustration.

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting One, you can use the entire container and not have to worry about contamination, which keeps things clean and free of gel corruption.

Two, because Juicy Roots is stickier than other cloning gels (which helps it bond better and work more efficiently on your cuttings), the applicator tip guarantees you use the exact right amount and makes it super easy to use.

Juicy Roots has been scientifically tested and rigorously proven to give your high-value plants larger root mass and development.

Testing shows that Juicy Roots clones sprout roots 40% faster than identical clones treated with the runner-up competing gel.

Fast Facts PRODUCT TYPE: Rooting Gels & Cloning Aids. GARDEN TYPES: Juicy Roots has been specially designed for use with all of the most popular cloning mediums in the world. WHEN TO USE: Use Juicy Roots cloning gel with your cuttings.

BENEFITS and FEATURES: • Helps optimize cutting growth. • Leads to increased metabolism. • Produces overall stronger plants with a much higher survival rate. Volume:

Liquid:

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Hobbyist Level®, Expert Grower Level®, Professional Grower Level® and Grand Master Grower Level®.

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

23


Superior Rooting

The Perfect Rooting Medium For Propagating Cuttings & Seeds

26

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting Experienced growers know that getting your plants to root faster and develop stronger, deeper, and bigger root structures means better quality crops and world-class yields.

What You Need To Know The right medium sets up your cuttings for success. The problem is it’s easier said than done. The Problem Most rooting mediums are hard to work with and wind up giving you smaller yields, costing you both time and money. Here’s why: 1. Most rooting media isn’t properly aerated, depriving your precious plants of the vital oxygen they need to grow. 2. Many rooting systems are too wet, leading to diseases that reduce bud development and cause lower yields. 3. Bark-based rooting systems wreak havoc and cause disease and pH issues. In wet rooting, the structural fibers of bark break down and clog air spaces, making it impossible for roots to grow quickly and develop fully.

Root Shooters' proprietary substrate is composed of a unique and uniform structure with hundreds of “micro air pockets” evenly distributed throughout the plugs.

Our Solution If you’re tired of always settling for decreased yields because of limitations and weaknesses with your rooting medium, we’ve got a remedy for you. The scientists at Advanced Nutrients along with the talented people at Jiffy® have developed Root Shooters®.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: What are some of the challenges with most typical rooting systems? ANSWER: Most rooting media is hard to work with because they’re not properly aerated and get too wet. QUESTION: What makes Root Shooters a superior solution to other rooting systems? ANSWER: The proprietary substrate in Root Shooters® has a unique structure with hundreds of “micro air pockets” evenly distributed throughout the plugs. Unlike bark-based systems, you get extensive fibrous root growth throughout the full depth and dimensions of the plug. Also, there’s no net around the plug, so your plants’ roots can grow completely throughout the medium immediately after potting.

This superior structure also solves the “too wet” problem of most rooting media. It gives you the ideal water holding capacity and perfect drainage, which helps prevent diseases and pests and reduces potential losses, especially in overwintered crops. QUESTION: What kind of preparation do I need to do before I can start using Root Shooters? ANSWER: Root Shooters Plant Plugs are supplied ready-touse. There’s no additional labor needed to fill or water trays unlike when using loose-fill substrates. With Root Shooters you’ll have less work, faster sticking and faster potting.

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Root Shooters® - Plant Plug Rooting Medium What Does It Do Exactly? • Helps avoid disease and pH issues because of the special medium makeup... • Roots automatically – all the work is done for you... • Provides perfect air-to-media ratio, guaranteeing enhanced rooting... • Makes cloning and rooting easier than ever. The Details Root Shooters is the ultimate rooting medium for indoor hydroponic growers. It solves both the aeration problem and the “too wet” problem. It’s made of a peat-based media with a special proprietary binder to create the perfect peat-to-air ratio. This peat and binder combination helps prevent the disease and pH issues commonly caused by bark-based mediums. To prevent diseases and pests, and reduce potential losses, Root Shooters’ superior structure gives you the ideal water holding capacity and drainage, so your rooting medium never gets too wet.

Getting your plants to root faster and develop stronger, deeper, and bigger root structures means better quality crops and world-class yields.

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How It Works Root Shooters’ proprietary substrate is composed of a unique and uniform structure with hundreds of “micro air pockets” evenly distributed throughout the plugs. Unlike with bark, you get extensive fibrous root growth throughout the full depth and dimensions of the plug. And because there’s no net around the plug, your plant’s roots will grow fully throughout the medium immediately after potting. In addition, this superior structure gives you ideal water holding capacity and excellent drainage, so your rooting medium never gets too wet. This helps prevent diseases and pests, and reduces potential losses, especially in overwintered crops. Research proves that cuttings grown in Root Shooters produce a cleaner callous than in other mediums, which means you’ll

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

see fewer losses due to rotting. You’ll also see faster and more prolific root development because you’ll get more active root nodes formed at the callous. And because your plants' root systems are developed in the plug (not outside of the plug), your plants will pot much more quickly. They are also better protected against root damage and disease, and the risk of transplant shock is virtually eliminated. Root Shooters Plant Plugs are supplied ready-to-use so that you’ll see significantly faster sticking speeds compared to other plugs. And, unlike loose-fill substrates, there’s no additional labor needed to fill or water trays. Our extensive testing has proven potting is much quicker than with other loose fill plugs, because the Root Shooters pull from the trays quickly, easily, and with remarkable consistency.


Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting Final Thoughts Root Shooters Plant Plugs can help you do the following: • Save time and money • Increase survival rates • Avoid rooting too wet • Reduce harmful plant pests and diseases • Get faster rooting, every time • Achieve significantly faster stick speeds • Most importantly, provide the best possible rooting medium for developing strong, prolific root structures, which means better quality plants and larger yields.

R

oot Shooters' proprietary substrate is composed of a unique and uniform structure with hundreds of “micro air pockets” evenly distributed throughout the plugs.

Root Shooters' proprietary substrate is composed of a unique and uniform structure with hundreds of “micro air pockets” evenly distributed throughout the plugs.

Root Shooters vs. Rapid Rooters Criteria Chemically stable? Sterile? Cost Backed by 100% Guarantee? Biodegradable?

Root Shooters Yes

Rapid Rooters No

Made from peat

Made from composted bark

Yes Lower Yes Yes

No Higher No YES

Root Shooters vs. Rockwool for Propagation Criteria Chemically stable?

Root Shooters Yes

Rapid Rooters No

Made from peat

Highly alkaline

Sterile?

Yes

No

Level of Polymer used

Low

None

NO

yES

Lower

Higher

Yes

No

Yes

No

Risk of Contamination w/Refills? Cost Backed by 100% Guarantee? Biodegradable?

Fast Facts PRODUCT TYPE: Plant plug rooting medium.

BENEFITS AND FEATURES: • Saves you time and money GARDEN TYPES: • Increases survival rates All garden types. • Helps you avoid rooting too wet • Reduces harmful plant pests and diseases DIRECTIONS FOR USE: • Helps you get faster rooting EVERY TIME! Root Shooters™ plant plugs are supplied • Develops strong, prolific root structures better ready-to-use. There’s no additional labor than any other medium needed to fill or water trays unlike when • Produces better quality plants and larger yields using loose-fill substrates. • Is a peat based media with proprietary binder • Features air pockets and uniform structure GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: • Eliminates need for gels or powders, just cut All levels - Hobbyist Level®, Expert & stick Grower Level®, Professional Grower • Increases your cuttings’ survival rate Level® and Grand Master Grower Level®. • Allows faster sticking and potting, less work.

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

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Boost

Immunity And Shock Yield Production Into High Gear


Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting You’re most likely already giving your plants the best environment and nutrient supplements you can. And that’s great. But a lot of growers don’t realize that their highvalue plants need several types of vitamins too. Scientific research has repeatedly proven that B vitamins in particular have a huge positive effect on the types of plants we grow, making them an essential consideration for growers. Supplementing your grow room with vitamins like B5, B9 (Folic Acid), B1 (Thiamine), B2 (Riboflavin), B3 (Niacin) and B6 can make a huge difference in yield production and in the overall health of your plants.

Why Your Plants need Extra B Vitamins For Survival And Yield Production Unfortunately, your plants can’t synthesize enough B vitamins from everyday nutrients to take advantage of all the amazing benefits those vitamins offer. But when you provide additional vitamins, your plants have less metabolic work to do. This means that they can use more of their nutrients for growth and flower production because you’re sparing them the trouble of synthesizing their own B Vitamins. Plus, studies show that when plants are stressed (which is when they most need B vitamins), that’s when they are least able to make their own vitamins.

In fact, there are several stressful times in your plants’ lives when they need extra B vitamins, like when your plants are seedlings, being cloned, being transplanted, or during flowering. Other stressful times include when you’re using CO2 augmentation, and during seed production, or when your plants have to face extreme temperatures, or pest and disease attacks.

What B Vitamins Do For Your Plants: • Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin): Enhances systemic resistance so that your plants are less susceptible to common grow room diseases that often disguise themselves as nutrient disorders while insidiously harming your crops. • Vitamin B3 (Niacin): An essential substance that contributes to your plants’ metabolism and other basic life functions. Insufficient amounts of B3 lead to slow growth, poor yields, and lowered disease resistance. • Vitamin B6: Involved in plant respon– ses to stress such as high light, chilling, drought, and ozone. B6 is a root growth factor and also a key player in a plant’s salt tolerance. • Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid): Helps plants maintain healthy metabolism and DNA, and upgrades the weight and quality of your harvest. Because B9 breaks down so easily (especially under intense lighting), it’s essential that you have a

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: Why do I need to give B-52 to my plants when I am already feeding them a high-nutrition fertilizer? ANSWER: Plants can make B vitamins from some fertilizers, but they expend energy and nutrition to make those vitamins. When you provide B vitamins via B-52, giving your plant a ready-made vitamin source, your plants can focus on flower production.

QUESTION: I’ve heard that B-52 is really good for young plants. Is this true? ANSWER: Yes. B-52 is definitely a powerful anti-stress tonic that increases survival of transplants, seedlings, and clones. QUESTION: I am growing all-organic. Can I use B-52? ANSWER: We make the only all-organic B vitamin supplement in the industry, called Organic B1, which you should use if you’re growing only organically.

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

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B-52 - Fertilizer Booster B Vitamin Supplement supplement on hand to replenish this important vitamin as it diminishes. • Vitamin B5: Without sufficient B5, plants die, grow slowly, or are susceptible to stress disorders and pathogenic diseases that can have grave effects on their yields. • Vitamin B1 (Thiamine): Helps plants use and create carbohydrates so that your plants have enough energy for strong growth and production of flowers and essential oils. It also helps your plants’ use of phosphate (which fuels flower growth). B1 also strengthens plant immune systems to help avoid disease and stress and activates Systemic Acquired Resistance (SAR), which is what happens in humans when a vaccination produces an increased immune response to future disease attacks. Plus, B1 assists in root development, so your plants get more nutrients faster, and are more resistant to shock, transplanting, or cloning.

Fast Facts

The Solution Is Simple An ideal B vitamin formula will be a platform for vitamin-rich components that double as yield-boosting substances. As it happens, Advanced Nutrients B-52 formula fits this description perfectly, and also contains kelp and seaweed extracts, which contain a variety of compounds, including auxins that increase cell replication and stimulate roots and stems. Several studies show that B vitamins, combined with seaweed and kelp extracts, assist in flower development and ripening, resulting in significant increases in flower weight and potency. The Bottom Line Along with the B vitamins mentioned above, B-52 also contains humates and other sources of plant nutrition that are more easily absorbed when administered with B vitamins. Additionally, these substances aid the transference of B vitamins into your plants. With B-52, you can feed your roots or administer foliar feeding, which makes the

PRODUCT TYPE: Bud Enhancer. GARDEN TYPES: B-52 has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir and other growing media. B-52 has been developed for use with any and all hydroponics and continuous liquid feed growing systems. WHEN TO USE: When plants are under stress, especially during early growth, cloning, and transplanting. Do not use in first two weeks of flowering. MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 2 mL per Liter during weeks 3 through 5 of your blooming phase, and during all weeks of growing phase.

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GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Hobbyist Level®, Expert Grower Level®, Professional Grower Level® and Grand Master Grower Level®. BENEFITS and Features: • Better survival rate for seedlings, transplants, clones • Plants more resistant to stress and disease • Increased growth and yield • Stronger roots for more nutrient uptake. Volume: Liquid:

250 mL

500 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

23 L

45% INCREASED RESISTANCE TO STRESS & HEAT

INCREASED EFFICIENCY OF NUTRIENT UPTAKE

0%

INCREASED YIELD

B-52 IMPROVES YOUR PLANT’S

B-52 pumps up your plants’ stamina, energy, AND andPRODUCTIVITY productivity so that you get HEALTH larger harvests.

healing, stimulating, and protective effects of B vitamins immediately and completely available to your plants. Plus, B-52 works in all types of growing systems and root zone material, including aeroponics, rockwool, soil, coco coir, hydroton, ebb and flow, and any other hydroponics gardening methods.


Advertisement Space


If You Want Big Plants,

You Need Big Roots What’s the Method Proven by Science to Work Like Magic? 34

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting As an accomplished grower, you know that your plants’ roots are the foundation of your harvest. Without a solid root system, your high-value plants can’t do the following: • Absorb all the nutrients they need to grow fast and healthy. • Reach their full potential in size or yield • Produce viable offspring that you can continue to profit from in the future. You’re about to see how easy it is to enhance (or destroy) the power dimensions of your plants’ roots, and how to guarantee yourself maximized harvests with custom designed microbial supplements. These powerful supplements create ideal root zone environments that allow your plants to more efficiently absorb nutrients, stay healthier, and stay stronger. They do this with beneficial microbes, which break down old root material, providing nutrition while enabling roots to repair themselves and create new tissue. Also, microbes help oxygenate your roots, capture nitrogen, and pump more phosphorus into your plants. Now the question is what is the best way to install beneficial microbes into your hydroponics root zone? To answer this question, Advanced Nutrients' scientists conducted a multi-phase research project on a unique suite of beneficial

microbes contained in Voodoo Juice. They discovered, when used as directed, Voodoo Juice provides the following: • Enhanced development of roots on your seedlings, transplants, and clones • Enhanced roots size and branching • More efficient intake of nutrients, saving you time and money • More vigorous plant growth, producing more impressive flowers • Roots more resistant to heat, stress, drought, nutrient burn, and other common problems

Not All Beneficial Root Microbes Formulas Are Created Equal You know beneficial microbes will help your plants, but it can be confusing when you go to the store and see so many of these formulas made by different manufacturers. The obvious question is which one will give you the best bang for your buck? The answer lies in the fact that there are two very distinct processes manufacturers use when they want to offer microbes products. Most hydroponics companies save money on costs by hiring a thirdparty company to bulk produce/bulk combine microbes without testing them for specific plant appropriateness or microbial compatibility. Not only that, but their process includes a generic view of microbes.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: Will Voodoo Juice make my roots too big? ANSWER: Your roots will get much bigger, but only in the most efficient way for your root zone so that you get larger harvests. QUESTION: If I use Voodoo Juice, why would I use your Tarantula beneficial microbes and your Piranha beneficial fungi formulas too? ANSWER: Each of these three products contains unique beneficial microbes that contribute to the healthiest root zone possible, enabling your plants to grow better via different pathways. The individual microbe formulas in these three products combine in a synergistic fashion with your roots and each other to provide even more root enhancement and protection.

QUESTION: Does your previous version of Voodoo Juice work with your new version? ANSWER: Yes, our previous Voodoo Juice works well in all types of gardens and systems, and is compatible with our stronger new and improved version of Voodoo Juice. Always store our beneficial microbes formulas in a cool, dark place to extend shelf life. QUESTION: Is Voodoo Juice compatible with an allorganic fertilizer program? ANSWER: Yes. Voodoo Juice, Tarantula, and Piranha are organic supplements that work perfectly in all-organic gardening (and all other types of gardening).

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

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VOODOO JUICE - Beneficial Bacteria Root Booster

 Voodoo Juice Enhanced

 Control Plant

Root mass of tomato plants, same seed, same age, same number, harvested after 42 days of growth. Plants on left received Voodoo Juice.

Voodoo Juice contains designer microbes created by leading microbiologists. These super strain microbes fatten, strengthen, and supercharge your roots; the result is more valuable harvests.

VOODOO JUICE BENEFITS VOODOO JUICE BENEFITS

FASTER GROWTH BIGGER YIELDS

STRONGER SAFER PLANTS

117%

ROOT MASS INCREASE

Bigger roots that more than double in mass are the foundation for faster growth and bigger yields.

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What It Takes to Produce the Highest Quality Microbes Advanced Nutrients employs the sharpest microbiologists in the world. We have a team of scientists testing and breeding hundreds of sub-varieties of Bacillus and other beneficial microbes in a continual research program. In fact, over the last two years, Voodoo Juice’s root-producing abilities have been increased drastically. Specific beneficial microbes work better with certain plants than others, which is why we put so much time and money into our breeding program. We’re driven to find the needle in the haystack of microbes in order to give you the absolute best product for the plants you grow. Our scientists demand that we supply them with all the highest quality precision equipment needed to identify each microbial strain’s special characteristics and compatibility with each other in order to make them “super strains”. This is why our microbes are also extremely fast-replicating, so that they can quickly colonize root zones for rapid results (yes, we test for fast versus slow replicating microbes). Each microbe strain is individually bred in a purpose-built 10,000 Liter breeding reactor, not in a bunch of vats or tubs. This is a very painstaking, time consuming step, but it’s necessary because different strains of beneficial microbes breed at different rates, and we have to ensure total uniformity and maximum colony forming units (CFUs). After breeding, the microbes are taken to the evaporation tower and dried, and then all twelve strains in Voodoo Juice are carefully recombined. As you can see, providing a high quality, “custom fit” formula for the types of plants we grow is a long and complicated process, one which must be taken seriously in order to be successful. And as it happens, when it comes to taking hydroponics seriously and providing growers like you with the best possible products, no one

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting is even in the same league as Advanced Nutrients. Our scientists conducted a multi-phase research project on a unique suite of beneficial microbes in order to develop a microbial supplement able to provide growers like you with all the benefits you could possibly hope for. In a word, we wanted it to be perfect.

Additional Benefits of Voodoo Juice In addition to all the great benefits you’d want to find in a formula like this one, you’ll also be interested to know that Voodoo Juice is NOT outsourced. We’re the only hydroponics nutrient company in the world manufacturing all our own microbial products ourselves with a full-time Ph.D. microbiologist personally supervising all aspects of production at all times. (The same is true for our Piranha and Tarantula root zone products.) Also, to ensure that Voodoo Juice has a very long shelf life and superior viability, Voodoo Juice’s microbes are put into hibernation with an “antagonist” compound used to keep the microbes dormant until you mix Voodoo Juice into a nutrient reservoir, at which point the antagonist is diluted. As soon as the antagonist is diluted, Voodoo Juice’s microbes immediately exit dormancy, replicate quickly, and burst into action for you by wrapping themselves around and penetrating into roots, maximizing flower-boosting hormones, and enhancing root size and function.

The Bottom Line Voodoo Juice feeds your roots so that you get safer, nutrienthealthy plants as well as enhanced aboveground growth of maximized flowers. It’s a basic but important step you can easily take today to immediately upgrade the productivity of your garden. You’re Guaranteed to Get More Growth and Higher Productivity when You Put this Knowledge to Work for You! Advanced Nutrients is so serious about our Voodoo Juice formula that we offer a full money back guarantee of satisfaction. Now you know that your plant roots are like buried treasure waiting to be exploited in your grow room. You also know what to avoid when shopping for beneficial microbes, and about the incredibly detailed process used to produce the most potent, pure, and effective root maximizing formula available. Even better, you risk nothing by trying Voodoo Juice, because it’s 100% guaranteed. That’s why the next logical step is to visit your local hydroponics dealer and tell them you want to try Voodoo Juice in your grow room today.

Fast Facts PRODUCT TYPE: Root Mass Expander. GARDEN TYPES: Voodoo Juice has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil growing mediums. Voodoo Juice has been developed for use with any and all hydroponics, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain, drip emitters, and continuous liquid feed growing systems. WHEN TO USE: Early grow phase, early blooming, cloning, transplanting, growing from seedlings. MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 2 mL per Liter during weeks 1 through 2 of your flowering phase, and during weeks 1 through 2 of vegetative growth.

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Hobbyist Level®, Expert Grower Level®, Professional Grower Level® and Grand Master Grower Level®. BENEFITS and Features: • Maximum development of roots on your seedlings, transplants, and clones. • More root branching, root density, and root mass. • Enhanced efficiency of nutrient intake, saving you time and money. • Maximized growth and flowering. Volume: Liquid:

250 mL

500 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

23 L

Section 2 - Cloning and Rooting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

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Section 3

Growing

N

ow that we’ve covered the basics, we can focus on optimizing your efforts. This is where it gets really good.

Archimedes once said, “Give me a lever long enough, and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I will move the world.” His point was this: If you can get good leverage, you can do titanic work with very little effort. And the most dramatic point of leverage you can have in growing is to feed your plants the right ingredients, at the right time. This is where we earn our name at Advanced Nutrients, and we’re not shy about it. We can’t be, because the industry standard does not do your garden justice. The plain and simple truth is that by having the correct ratios of macronutrients and micronutrients, the development of your plants will be staggering compared to what happens if you have incorrect ratios. We never want you to be disappointed in your crop. That’s not how we do business. We believe in creating phenomenal value for you, and our team of world-class plant scientists has succeeded wildly in providing our community with outstanding technology.

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Continued | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds" Section 3 - Growing


Section 3 - Growing | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

39


This is not idle chest beating or bragging. We’ve got overwhelming evidence to back up our claims. And we must tell our story boldly because if we don’t, you, our client, will be left with other companies’ sub-par growing materials that will not get the job done the way you want it, the way you deserve. Growing successfully is very challenging work and you need every advantage you can get. Whew. Now that all that’s out of the way, here’s what you should be focused on when you buy your base nutrients, and why:

wines and coffees, there are different places around the globe that will give you very high quality ingredients to grow with. The key here is to make sure that the nutrients you’re buying are researched and developed with that basic truth in mind. There’s also chelation, a hugely important advantage that almost no other nutrient company takes advantage of. The short story is this: chelation is a process that makes it easier for your plants to get what they need. There’s a bit more to it than that, but we’ll explain the details later on.

How complete is the base nutrient?

Finally, do your nutrients balance your pH for you?

In other words, does it cover all the basic 16 elements your plants need? Does it include a surfactant? Amino acids? Fulvates? Humates? It’s important that you buy a base nutrient that does as much work as possible because supplements aren’t cheap, especially when you have to use them constantly.

During a grow, you can burn a lot of money on nutrients and supplements very quickly if you’ve got a decent feeding schedule. Again, the point here is leverage – getting maximum performance out of the minimum spending and work on your part.

How’s the quality of the ingredients? For example, not all elements or minerals are made equal. In exactly the same way that different regions of the world produce fine

Ours do. We know nobody else's does because we invented and patented the technology. Here’s a very important thing to consider: do you want to have to buy pH pens, and the chemicals to calibrate your pens, and pH Up and pH Down, and basically be anchored to your reservoir like it’s a ball and chain, leaving you with no semblance of a normal life? That’s not an exaggeration. When you’ve got to constantly monitor and adjust your pH levels, it will annoy you like water torture until you’re crazy, like screaming-childrenthat-won’t-sit-still-in-the-backseat-on-a-tenhour-drive crazy. Our line of pH Perfect® nutrients have inside them guardrails along the pH highway, keeping your pH levels in the perfect sweet spot with no work on your part whatsoever.

2-Part Vs 3-Part Nutrient Solutions In the early days of hydroponics, base nutrient solutions were sold as a package of three different types of bottles: grow, micro, and bloom. Each of these had different ratios of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium, commonly abbreviated N-P-K, because from these three basic elements, your plants can create everything they need to thrive. The hitch was (and remains) that threepart base nutrients must be used in a specific sequence to make sure your plants get the full benefit of the N-P-K, specifically the N. If, for example, you first pour the bottle labeled “grow", you won't get the full benefit of the nitrogen in the bottle labeled “micro”, which should always be poured first. The reason for this, without getting into too much detail, is that if your plants are exposed to the ratios of N-P-K present in the grow bottle to begin with, the nitrogen in the micro bottle will be “locked out”, so to speak, and thus wasted. To solve this problem, and to make base nutrients more effective and easy to use, nutrient companies created two-part base nutrients that eliminated the problem of illogical N-P-K ratios. Two-part solutions are mixed in such a way that you only need to focus on what phase of growing you're in, vegetative or flowering, and your base nutrient comes with ideal N-P-K ratios already worked out.

Speaking of pH, we’re including the “pH Manifesto” here as a free bonus for picking up our Product Guide.

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Section 3 - Growing | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


pH Manifesto The Grower’s Guide to pH and Bigger Yields

w • The three things that form a circle, that when kept in

balance … hold the keys to the buried treasure … Page 42

• The best growers in the world know this one simple secret: “having really great ______ guarantees great crops and awardwinning finishes.” (Find the surprising answer on Page 44)

• The secret beneath your plants … gives you more control … it’s the most important link in the growing chain! … Page 49

• A perfect growing medium? It sounds outrageous, but this one combination is easy-to-use, inexpensive, pH friendly, charged with NPK, a wetting agent, and gives excellent aeration — it makes getting bigger yields almost automatic! … Page 54

• Do you know where and how to measure your pH like

award-winning growers for the most accurate results? Quiz yourself, with the step-by-step directions on Page 56

• How to get a theoretical plant absorption range for your nutrients from pH 1 to pH 10… so you’ll never have to worry about pH again! (And no! It’s got nothing to do with adding acids to your nutrients!) Page 66

• The amazing plant-maximizing secret discovered by a

street racer named Allan — put this same secret to work in your grow room and you’ll see the most impressive yields of your life — GUARANTEED! … Page 70

• Plus much, MUCH MORE!

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pH Manifesto The Grower’s Guide to pH and Bigger Yields

O

ne of the biggest misconceptions in hydroponics growing is that the pH in your nutrient reservoir is the single biggest thing having to do with pH that affects the outcome of your crops. Well, it’s simply not true. It’s actually the pH and alkalinity of three things: 1. Your Water 2. Growing Medium 3. Nutrients Unfortunately, this circle of big bud getting power isn’t talked about, and it’s responsible for more growers silently losing loads of buds and quality they weren’t even aware of. Hydrogen Ion Molecule

Almost all the world champion growers who I’ve talked to have powerfully harnessed and utilized the synergistic punch that the circle of big bud getting power delivers to their prize winning crops. This report will show you how to start putting it to work for you immediately.

Hydroxide Ion Molecule

Let me explain...we’re going to have to get a little technical here, but not too much. So let’s take a journey and uncover the really important points about pH so that we can leverage it to get you bigger yields.

First Things First

OK, pH stands for potential hydrogen and is actually a measurement 42

of hydrogen and hydroxide ions, and is measured on a scale from pH 0 to pH 14.0 with pH 7.0 being neutral, aha, so we’re interested


in those pesky little hydrogen and hydroxide ions. They’re the culprits? Yes they are. Here’s how. When your water, growing medium or nutrient solution is acidic (below a pH of 7.0) it contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions. And when your water, growing medium or nutrient solution is alkaline, also referred to as base or basic (above a pH of 7.0) it contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions. And these hydrogen and hydroxide ions interact with each other and perform a balancing act of sorts that determines the pH in your water, growing medium and nutrients.

Shown here is a pH scale. A reading below pH 7.0 is considered acidic and a reading above is considered alkaline. A pH of 7.0 is said to be a neutral pH; further in this report you’ll find that is not exactly true. Also some common products are given for pH reference points.

Don’t Sweat It

Wow that’s a lot of stuff, but it’s important you understand all this because it’s one of the keys to you getting bigger and better yields. Anyway, these hydrogen and hydroxide ions are also in the elements that make up our macro and micronutrients of the nutrient solutions we use to grow our plants with. And because of this the elements that make up our macro and micro-nutrients are classified into two distinct groups. One group of elements is called cations and contains more hydrogen ions. The other group of elements are called anions and contains more hydroxide ions. Also our growing medium pH is dramatically affected by these cations and anions contained in the macro, micro and secondary nutrient elements we use. Remember this because it’s important and we’ll be referring back to this in the growing medium and nutrients sections.

Mastering The Subtleties Of The Balance

The macro, micro and secondary elements that are cations are urea and ammonium (both are forms of nitrogen), potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron zinc, manganese, copper and cobalt. And the elements that are anions are nitrates (another form of nitrogen), phosphates (phosphorus) sulfates, carbonates and bicarbonates. This list covers the most common cations and anions. This topic will be covered more in the nutrient section. So what does all this stuff have to do with you getting bigger yields? Well a whole lot. We’re almost there. These three things, your water, growing medium and nutrients

powerfully form a circle that when kept in balance with each other truly holds the keys to the buried treasure that is commonly overlooked and waiting to be unlocked in a grower’s garden. And the best part, it will absolutely give you bigger, more consistent, and higher quality yields when fully understood and implemented. So let’s explore this circle of power a little deeper...

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Your Water

Misconceptions About Your Nutrient Solution’s pH

One of the critical elements of successful growing is the precise balancing act of your hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions and having total control over them at all times in your water, growing medium and nutrients.

Field Crop Pumping Station — Here’s one of the critical steps farmers — who grow field crops that are irrigated — take to ensure they get the best harvests possible. To do this they inject acid directly into irrigation lines to neutralize their source water’s alkalinity. Then depending on the desired pH of their growing soil they will use a cation-rich fertilizer to bring the soil’s pH down or an anion-rich fertilizer to raise their soil’s pH. The field pumping station above also filters the source water.

Like I mentioned earlier, the most common misconception is that the pH of your nutrients is the most important factor that will drive your plants’ ability to give you bigger yields. You would think that your biggest concern would be about the pH in your reservoir. This is just not true. You should be more concerned with your water’s alkalinity. This is one of the major culprits that will affect your yields. In fact, one of the biggest problems with water is its alkalinity. 44

This is something that must be taken care of if you really want to easily manage the pH of your nutrients and growing medium and get those bigger crops.

The Simple Truth Of “Alkalinity”

And what is this “alkalinity”, anyway? Your water is not just water. There is a lot of other stuff in it. The alkalinity of water is the concentration of all sorts of ions in it, like calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, in both the forms of carbonates and

Unfortunately, more growers’ money goes down the drain every single day — and it’s not your fault — because of the lack of information that has been given to us. Oh sure the PhDs know this stuff but they’re not putting it out to us in plain English. And no hydro books have covered all this in great depth. And quite frankly I find that puzzling because the importance of water, nutrients and growing mediums all working together will absolutely give all of us bigger yields.

bicarbonates. And bicarbonates are the worst offenders of the two. Making matters worse, alkalinity insidiously accumulates in your growing medium in a vicious cycle that will cause your growing medium pH to climb faster than a speeding bullet and give you pH


When the amount of alkalinity in your source water hasn’t been measured and is then used to mix your nutrient solution - even with a properly pH balanced nutrient reservoir - your plants can suffer from a continuous build up of alkalinity that will silently sneak up on you and quickly raise your growing mediums pH, locking out your plants vital elements, and hijacking you from your crop’s true harvest potential.

stability problems in your reservoir and growing medium, substantially decreasing your yields. In fact, farmers who have to irrigate their field crops and have alkalinity in their water supply have to continuously inject different types of acids - depending on what the farmer is trying to accomplish with the crop and soil into their irrigation lines to counter balance their alkalinity. An easy way to think of alkalinity is pH up. Unfortunately a very bad form of pH up. Once alkalinity is neutralized, fertilizer is then injected into the lines.

Here’s something to think about, depending on what crop is being grown, the fertilizer being injected will be balanced with the correct cation to anion ratios for that crop’s soil pH requirement. If they need to lower their soil’s pH they’ll use a fertilizer that has more cations than anions. And if they need to raise the soil’s pH they will use a fertilizer with more anions than cations. We’ll go over this more in the nutrient section. And then there’s the subject of water hardness. Shouldn’t you be concerned about that? Well, it’s important not to confuse water

hardness with the alkalinity of water. These are two different things.

Here’s The Difference:

“Hardness” is the measure of the combined concentration of insoluble calcium and magnesium in the water, not the presence of the carbonates or bicarbonates mentioned earlier.

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Using a water softener to handle the hardness will only displace the calcium and magnesium ions and leave the carbonates and bicarbonates behind, which doesn’t change the alkalinity at all. So this is not the thing to do. And a BIG WARNING, using a water softener will add unwanted sodium to your water severely decreasing your yields. If you’re using well water it is almost guaranteed you will have alkalinity problems. In fact most municipalities have water that is poor quality and has alkalinity. I have personally seen municipal water that’s 900 PPM and chocked full of alkalinity. Here’s the thing, if your water is 30 PPM or below you’re safe. And I’ve seen city water that has less than 10 PPM, Vancouver, Canada being one of them. Anything over 30 PPM and you should invest in a reverse osmosis system. Calcium and Potassium Carbonates are major contributors to alkalinity that will steadily raise your pH in your growing medium.

Hach Alkalinity MeterShown here is the Hach digital alkalinity meter. It’s used to check for the harvest-robbing alkalinity of your source water. It costs a couple hundred dollars, for the same price you can go out and buy a reverse osmosis system and not have to worry about your water’s alkalinity.

Let’s Explore How To Measure And Manage All This

So now the question arises, “How do we measure alkalinity?” Well, the way that alkalinity is measured is how much carbonate and bicarbonate is in the water.

Magnified Calcium Carbonate

Potassium Carbonate

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Alright, so now we have to test the water. But how do we do that? Well, there are several ways to test water alkalinity. One way is with an alkalinity meter (which measures it in PPM) which is quite different than an EC meter. As an aside you can use an EC meter to do a quick check but it is not the same measurement. And the least expensive way to check your alkalinity is with a test kit where you add diluted acid until a color change occurs at a specific pH. Now, you can get a digital meter for about $200 at www.hach.com. But if you want to go easier on the pocketbook, there are kits as cheap as $30 to $40. And you should get one that uses titration which is actually the most accurate method of testing.


Here’s Something Interesting About pH Readings

OK, so that seems simple enough, but now I’m going to add just a little variance into the subject to make it more interesting. Taking pH readings during the light cycle will give you a different result than when you take pH readings at night. The reason for this is, during the dark periods, both microbes and the plants are resting and give off alkaline molecules and the pH tends to go up a bit. During the day the plants and microbes are active and they give off acid molecules which make the pH go down some. If you’re running a recirculation system this is important to consider, especially because your tank should be outside your grow room. And you might be taking your readings when your plants are in their dark cycle.

RO System Wall Mount And Commercial Units: Pictured above is a typical wall mount unit that will produce around 25-50 gallons per day. On the right is a commercial system that produces 200 to 500 gallons per day. WARNING: When you get your RO system DO NOT get a water softener with it, because it will put unwanted sodium into your nutrient solution and substantially cut down on your yields.

The Best Way To Measure PPM

One way people have measured the PPM is with TDS (total dissolved solids) but I would not advise this because TDS was intended for determining the acceptability of drinking water, not nutrient solutions. Instead use a meter that measures EC (Electrical Conductivity). This type of meter was made specifically for measuring nutrient solutions. Here is one of the biggest secrets the best growers in the world figured out a long time ago: if you want a world class crop you have to use really great water. And a very simple way to ensure that is to get a reverse osmosis water system. It’s an absolute must for bigger yields.

An assortment of different manufacturer’s EC metersEC meters are made to measure fertilizer solutions. TDS meters measure total dissolved solids and were originally designed to check drinking water not nutrients.

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WATER FEED INFLOW

TO WATER RESERVOIR

PUMP

WATER RESERVOIR

PUMP

NUTRIENT RESERVOIR

Float Valve System Diagram Of RO Storage And Reservoir — Pictured above: A tank mount float valve shut off set up. Reverse osmosis systems are priced and rated by how many gallons or liters of water they produce in a 24 hour period. Because of this, a lot of growers run theirs 24 hours a day into a separate reservoir. So to avoid overflowing your reverse osmosis water reservoir, a float valve shut off should be installed.

You May Want To Read That Last Line Again...

Think about it, you spent all that time and hard work building your grow room and in the final hour you skimp on the water, it just doesn’t make sense. You really should invest in a reverse osmosis system. They aren’t that expensive these days, prices start for under $100. A reverse osmosis system will take the alkalinity out of your water and give you bigger yields. And obviously alkalinity is one of our limiting factors we want to get rid of, isn’t it?

When You Invest In RO Remember These Tips

One word of advice: you should have a tank-mounted shut off float valve installed on your RO water storage tank and nutrient reservoir that shuts off automatically when the tank is full, and you should keep your nutrient tank topped off because, as water level lowers, the 48

pH will be magnified as either acidic or alkaline. You can get one at: www.autotopoff.com/products

One Last Thing About Your Water

Now here is the last thing I will say about the water you use and then we’ll take a look at the growing medium. There is one more thing to pay attention to when it comes to your water. The temperature is important as well. Cooler water holds more oxygen as well as affects your pH level, but if it is too cold, it will cause your pH to rise, and if too warm, it will cause it to go down. Here’s a little known fact: excessively high water temperatures above 79°F or 26°C start to negatively impact your plants’ ability to absorb macronutrients. High temperatures also encourage fungal and bacterial diseases, and you don’t want that either. In

fact, it is best to maintain a nutrient reservoir temperature of 65°F or 18°C to 69°F or 20°C. And colder water holds a lot more oxygen. And here’s another fact: scientists who study our oceans consider warm tropic waters to be the “deserts” of the oceans because they contain way less life than the colder waters of the Arctic and Antarctic oceans, that are teeming with life because of the colder water temperatures holding more oxygen. In the end if you want bigger yields go out and buy a reverse osmosis system; it will be some of the best money you’ll ever invest in your grow room.


Your Growing Medium The Secret Beneath Your Plants

Your plant’s roots are actually pH producing “machines” creating either hydrogen ions (pH down) or hydroxide ions (pH up) depending on whether the roots are taking in elements that are mostly cations or anions.

Plant Root

All my labs’ grow rooms use reverse osmosis water. In fact, it’s so important, all Advanced Nutrients products are made with ultra pure zero PPM and zero alkalinity reverse osmosis water. OK, let’s explore your growing medium – a lot has been said about measuring pH in the nutrient solution, but where the real money is being won or lost by the buckets full, is in the actual growing medium itself. Here’s why... your plants’ root system is actually a pH-excreting machine that manufactures and pumps hydrogen ions (pH down) or hydroxide ions (pH up) directly into your growing medium and will directly change the pH of the growing medium depending on the

elemental composition of your nutrients make up. And you can imagine how having a thorough understanding of this is going to give you even more control over your plants that will lead to bigger yields, right?

The Most Important Link In The Chain

Out of the circle of big bud-getting power, it’s your growing medium that you need to be most concerned about. Because if you want a really great crop, your plants must have an acidic pH growing medium. In most cases your pH will be climbing and your challenge will be to keep your pH from going up. 49


Here’s the typical pH absorption range of non-chelated elements in soil and hydroponics.

Sure, the water, the growing medium, and the nutrients should all have to work in perfect harmony with each other, but it’s the roots in the growing medium that drive the pH chemical reactions that are the most overlooked by growers and it’s not your fault; it’s just most books out there don’t go into great depth about it. And naturally this is very important because the pH in the root zone is going to determine the availability of nutrients and your plants’ ability

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to produce world-class buds. And we all want to grow kick ass buds, don’t we?

What are you really feeding your plants? Your plants’ macro, micro and secondary nutrients are really a lot like the foods you eat. Think about it, are all sources of protein, carbohydrates and fats you eat the same? No they’re not. And it’s exactly the same for your plant’s food it eats. Your plants are what they eat.

It’s This Sort Of Knowledge That Leads To Real Mastery In Growing

You just got another gem that’s not even talked about or even considered by most growers, except by growers who have a very deep understanding of plants. And this is where your big money is going to be made or lost. So you see, it’s going to be essential then if you want big consistent yields, you should check your growing medium pH every week.

An Important Lesson To Nutrient Company Owners

I have extensively tested the competitors’ hydroponics nutrients, and unfortunately the vast majority of them don’t work with the plant’s root system to even remotely come close to maintaining a stable or ideal pH in the growing medium because they use too many nitrates as their source of nitrogen. Here are the straight goods... and an education for a lot of the nutrient manufacturers out there: to balance a growing medium’s pH, nutrient manufacturers must be using the correct balance of cations to anions to guarantee you the right pH in your growing medium. And... one more thing, the right balance of elements (cations to anions) that will give you a stable and ideal growing medium pH is different from plant species to plant species. And by not being aware and acting on this vitally critical piece of knowledge is exactly like growing with one

foot on the gas and the other foot on the brake at the same time.

Why Would Anybody Work Against Themselves Like This?

So why are nutrient companies not building their products with this in mind? Well, I will give you two reasons for that. One is the high expense and the other is the amount of research and knowledge needed to prepare the nutrients for a specific type of plant. I admit it... I go on the forums every once in a while, and it always amazes me when I see people making statements like, “All base nutrients are the same and salts are just salts”. Think about it... is there a difference in the foods you eat? Are your

sources and quality of proteins, carbohydrates and fats you eat all the same? Absolutely not. Some proteins are assimilated and utilized by your body faster and more completely than others. And some carbohydrates release quickly and spike your insulin while others are a slow burn and give you sustained energy. What about fats? Some are actually good for you like Omega-3 and others will slowly clog your arteries and eventually give you a heart attack. Obviously it all makes a difference. And in the nutrient section we’ll take a look at this in depth.

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Coco Coir

Peat Bog Sphagnum Moss Harvest

Sphagnum Moss

Perlite

Expanded Clay Pellets

Rockwool

Coco Coir

What’s Your Favorite Growing Medium?

Now if you’ve looked lately, you probably noticed that there is a variety of growing mediums to choose from. You have sphagnum moss – that stuff from bogs. And there is coco coir, the fiber that comes from the coconut’s outer husk. And let’s not forget about the special mixes and all the other hydroponic growing mediums. 52

Sunshine #4 Mix

Now you might want to keep it simple so what I recommend is that you use Sunshine #4 mix. This is a mix that is pretty close to ideal and will save you a lot of work. We’ll talk a bit more about that later. You might even choose coco coir since it is also a good growing medium and has a special line of compatible fertilizers. The thing about different hydroponic mediums is that they have varied abilities to maintain and control pH.

So Let’s Take A Closer Look At Them

OK, so we had a look at some growing mediums. Now we’ll look at them and a few others in a different perspective. In hydroponics, there are two basic types of growing mediums: those that are pH independent and those that are pH dependent. Let’s take a closer look at these mediums’ differences.


Well, each one of them has a certain ability to stabilize or buffer pH, which is another way of saying they have varied abilities to keep the pH from changing on you. This ability is called cation exchange capacity or CEC. In other words, CEC refers to the ability of the medium to absorb and release cations. Remember the cation stuff I mentioned at the beginning of this report? We’ll be looking at this a little bit closer now.

Dependent vs. Independent

Mediums that are pH dependent have little to no CEC and cannot resist a change in pH and this results in the pH going high or low very rapidly. So, then, mediums that are pH independent have a high CEC, are more buffered and can resist a change in pH for long periods of time. And that’s good! That’s what you want. As an example, your everyday, garden, soil-based medium contains some humus and clay and is pH independent with a high CEC because of the humus and clay. They are great to grow plants in because they are not affected by rapid pH swings.

But Indoor Growers Have To Follow Different Rules

These are the cation exchange capacities of different soil structures at pH 7.0. You can clearly see how important the addition of humus is to your soil and growing mediums’ ability to hold a stable pH. You can easily build more humus structure in your soil and growing mediums by adding humic and fulvic acids to them. As an aside, if you’re an outdoor grower you can now see the importance of growing in soils with high humus values because it will definitely make a difference in getting you bigger yields.

Now, hydroponics is different. Many of its mediums have a low CEC and need to have the pH continually balanced and monitored. More on this later. Of course, there are some that have a higher CEC and are better buffered than others. For example, coco coir and sphagnum moss have higher CEC capacities. This means they are capable of maintaining a more stable pH level. These are said to be pH independent. Sphagnum actually has eight to ten times the CEC as soil pound for pound, but there are other drawbacks. But not to worry, these could be easily remedied, though no manufacturer has done this yet. You see, sphagnum doesn’t have the bulk density that soil has. After all, it is a moss and is light in weight. But you can add something called calcined clay to solve that problem.

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Calcined Clay

All you need to do is add 5% – 7% to your sphagnum growing media. And what is calcined clay? Well, this is clay that has been heated to drive out volatile materials. One word of caution though. Make sure you use a low sodium source of calcined clay because you don’t want extra sodium in your growing medium. Now what about low CEC growing mediums? Some hydroponic mediums that we use, such as rockwool, expanded clay pellets or perlite, have a low CEC and so they have a hard time stabilizing the pH. We call them pH dependent and, you probably have already guessed by now, you will need to correct the pH more often. How about the Sunshine #4 mix that we mentioned earlier? Actually this is a very, very good medium. When it comes out of bogs, it has a pH of 3.5 to 4. This is actually too low, so dolomite lime is added to it to raise the pH. (We’ll talk about adding dolomite a bit later.) This brings the pH of the Sunshine #4 to 5.8 to 6.3 for a 6 week period.

Calcined Clay Calcined Clay can be added to sphagnum moss and coco coir growing mediums to increase its (CEC) cation exchange capacity so your growing medium will have a much more stable pH.

More About Sunshine #4 And How It Can Make Your Life A Lot Easier

So what’s Sunshine #4 mix made of? It’s made of 60% – 70% peat and 30% – 40% perlite. This is the combination you want and gives you excellent aeration which you’ll need for great big thick root development. And, as hundreds of university studies have conclusively shown, the bigger the root system, the bigger the yield. And that’s what we’re after isn’t it? BIGGER YIELDS.

Coco coir comes from the outer husks of coconuts.

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It also has a starter charge of fertilizer that gives it an NPK ratio of 6-5-11 meaning it has a ratio of 6% nitrogen (N), 5% phosphorus (P) and 11% potassium (K). All you have to do, then, is add a bit more nitrogen to the mix and this would be a near perfect medium for growing your plants. Sunshine #4 also contains a wetting agent (surfactant) to ease surface tension and allow for better initial water penetration to the growing medium.

Coco Coir (And How To Overcome Its Limitations)

Let’s have a look at coco coir. It starts out with a better pH of 5.5. But the problem with this medium is that magnesium and calcium bind to coco and don’t want to easily release. And that’s not good. Your plants need to be able to get to those nutrients. Now if you add dolomite lime, as a lot of companies out there will do because dolomite is cheap to use and made up of magnesium and calcium carbonate and a source of alkalinity, that will eventually raise your growing medium’s pH and this is not what you want to do. So what do you do? You would solve the problem by adding chelated calcium and magnesium either to the coir or in the base nutrients. Unfortunately, other nutrient companies won’t do this because of the very high added expense, but that is exactly what we put in all the base nutrients at Advanced Nutrients. However Advanced Nutrients doesn’t make a specific coco nutrient yet.


Coco coir also has a lot of potassium so you’ll need to use a fertilizer with reduced potassium so you don’t end up with potassium toxicity. There is one other thing to be aware of: low quality coconut husks are often soaked in salt water as part of the manufacturing process to break down the husks and quite often not properly flushed by the coir manufacturer overseas. You’ll need to make sure that the extra salt is flushed out of your medium with water by either yourself or the manufacturer you’re buying it from before using it.

You don’t want to take your growing medium’s pH readings from the top third of your container because there usually isn’t enough root activity there. Instead take your readings from the bottom two thirds of your growing medium where the most root growing activity is to ensure an accurate reading.

This Step Is Very Important

Because if you don’t, you will have high sodium content in your growing medium and that will severely reduce your yield when using cheaply produced coir. This problem is more common than you might think. If you’re thinking about using coco coir as your growing medium, you’re going to find coir still has some inherent problems with it that have not been resolved completely, that’s why you’ll probably have to use a Cal Mag product when growing with coir. At one point, Advanced Nutrients pulled their SensiCal calcium and magnesium product off the market because we figured if a nutrient was built right you didn’t need it. Man, stores started calling and demanded we keep it on the market, so we did. Here’s what the hydro store owners told us was happening: growers growing with coco coir were using SensiCal to fix the calcium and magnesium deficiencies caused by the coir they were using. Which of course told us that there

hasn’t been a correct coco nutrient formula made yet that addresses the needs of the growers using coir growing mediums. So, at some point, we will bring out a coco coir nutrient and then, later on down the road, a coir growing medium that will be perfectly aligned with each other. We’ll be doing the same thing for a sphagnum moss growing medium too. Enough of the commercial.

Monitoring Your Growing Medium pH

Remember, we talked about monitoring growing medium pH? One of the most overlooked areas by growers is checking their growing medium pH on a regular basis. That is probably the biggest single culprit

for yield inconsistencies from crop to crop and it could be costing you a lot of money. Let me explain how this happens. As the roots take in an element, it gives off a positive charge, pH down (hydrogen ion), or a negative charge, pH up (hydroxide ion), and depending on the nutrient elements being used, some carry more of the same charges than others. What’s more, because of this it affects the pH of the surrounding root area and growing medium. If it’s hydrogen ions being excreted, it becomes more acidic, and if it’s hydroxide ions, it becomes more alkaline.

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How To Measure Your Growing Medium pH

So it’s important to monitor the pH levels in your medium as well as your nutrients and the alkalinity of water you are using. So how do you measure your growing medium pH? Basically, there are three ways to do it: 1. Saturated media extract – you add distilled or de-ionized water to the medium just to the saturation point and measure. 2.  Pour-through method – the water is poured through the pot to replace the water that was in there and collected. 3.  Squeeze method – the water that already exists in the medium is gently squeezed out in a measured amount and pH readings are taken. In all three of these, you just use a pH meter or color test to measure the pH. The easiest of the three is the squeeze method. If you are using rockwool, you just take one of the cubes after a feeding and you gently squeeze it. Repeat this with at least six different cubes so that you get a couple ounces or 60 milliliters from each cube. After combining and mixing these six extractions together, check the pH. This tells you what the pH is in the growing medium. What you’re looking for is a pH range of 5.5 to 6.3. In our labs we’ve extensively tested pH ranges and yields; this is the “sweet spot” for nutrients that are not fully chelated. The range is even wider for fully chelated macro, micro and secondary nutrients. 56

When your growing medium is coco coir or sphagnum moss, you water your medium to the point of being saturated (but not leaking out the bottom) and then take a sample from the bottom 2/3 of your pot where your roots are most actively growing. Next...you take the same amount from six different pots and mix them together. Make sure to take the same amount from each pot. Then gently squeeze it and get an extraction from which you will measure the pH. Look, I realize that taking samples from grow buckets is a hassle; however, it is the most accurate.

This will be more expensive but worth it. The cheaper ones are a pain to use while the auto-adjust ones calibrate at a press of a button, which makes it a lot easier. You want to make sure that calibration is done every week.

There’s An Easier Way

A much easier way is to get a pH meter with a metal spike probe and take readings simply by sticking the probe deep down into the growing medium and calculate the average of all six containers. Now, don’t take the sample from the top third of the container. Here’s why. There isn’t as much root growing activity at the top of the soil. So use the bottom two thirds of your growing medium to take your pH readings because that is the active zone for root growth. There’s another reason for taking the samples near the bottom of your container, and that’s because nutrients will tend to crystallize near the top and can precipitate out a little bit and will give you a false reading.

Using pH Meters

So now, we should look at the meters we need to measure the pH. There are so many different pH meters available, but get one that uses dual solution to calibrate your pH meter. It’s a good idea to get one that auto adjusts and has ATC (automatic temperature compensation).

pH Meter With Soil Probe — This is a very good growing medium pH meter to use when you’re checking your growing medium’s pH.


Laboratory-Grade pH And EC Meters - Here are high-end laboratory-grade EC meters, pH meters and probes that cost from several hundred to over a thousand dollars.

pH Temperature Chart — Contrary to popular belief a pH of 7.0 is not always neutral; in fact it really depends on the temperature of your nutrient solution as the chart below shows. That’s why it’s critical to make sure you buy a pH meter that compensates for temperature.

If you’re a fanatic to detail like I am you’ll want to have a pH meter with ATC because as your nutrient solution temperature changes so does the pH of your nutrients. When your nutrient temperature gets warmer your pH goes down, and when your nutrient temperature gets cooler your nutrient solution pH goes up. Here’s an interesting side note, a pH of 7 is considered to be pH neutral, but in fact is only an approximation and is accurate only at 25°C or 77°F. A true neutral pH is when the concentration of hydrogen ions (H+) is exactly the same as the concentration of hydroxide ions (OH-) and those concentrations are effected by temperature so your pH neutral point varies from pH 7.47 at 0°C or 32°F to pH 6.14 at 100°C or 212°F.

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Beneficial Microbes Switch Gears At Night

At night beneficial microbes are at rest and respirating, and they give off alkaline molecules instead of acid as they do during the day, and the pH goes up. Some interesting facts: some microbes give off more hydrogen ions (pH down) in a 24 hour period than hydroxide ions (pH up). And some do exactly the reverse. Also make sure that you do not over-water your plants, and provide a somewhat warm growing medium (65°F or 18°C to 75°F or 23°C) so it will encourage active growth of beneficial microbes. This will help to keep your pH stable, and your growing medium more acidic.

A Valuable Secret! A Good Resource

If you’re looking for really high quality pH measuring instruments and electrodes check them out:

Here goes... I’m going to reveal something I’ve never told anyone before. And I’m sure it’s going to give my competitors something to start researching into.

www.pulseinstruments.net

Bacteria In Your Growing Medium

It may surprise you to find out just how much activity is going on under the surface of the growing medium. There is actually a lot going on there including bacterial activity. But before we get into that, we need to say a bit about beneficial bacteria and nitrogen. Plants need nitrogen as an essential element for its survival. There is a process that bacteria is involved in called nitrification.

The Role Of Nitrification

Nitrification is a process where specialized beneficial bacteria in your growing medium take the urea and ammonium from the nutrients and convert them into usable forms. Then the plant roots can absorb it and use it for plant growth and development. By the way, an important thing that happens in this process is that these beneficial bacteria then give off an acid molecule which actually lowers your growing medium’s pH as well. And that’s a good thing. Now, if you have a pH that is too low, nitrification will be inhibited. The same happens when your medium has too low a temperature or there is a lack of oxygen through over-watering. Then the pH goes up and the medium becomes more alkaline. Not good! 58

Microbe Circle Diagram Showing Daytime H+ Nighttime OH - Beneficial microbes release hydrogen ions (pH down) during your light cycle and hydroxide ions (pH up) during your dark cycle.


By hunting down and selecting specific beneficial microbes Advanced Nutrients can now select microbes that either give off equal amounts of hydrogen ions (pH down) and hydroxide ions (pH up) or more hydrogen ions (pH down) or more hydroxide ions (pH up) in a 24 hour period. Obviously the importance of this is significant because we can now use these to help you control your growing medium’s pH.

Advanced Nutrients’ beneficial bacteria products have microbial interaction with each other that’s balanced in a way that assists your growing medium in holding its pH. And here’s something else you may find interesting. Advanced Nutrients is the only hydroponic nutrient company to breed and produce their own beneficial microbes in house.

Making Your Own Growing Medium Mix

Now, you might have decided to make your own media mix. If so, alright. But if you start with pure sphagnum moss, you will need to add at least 30% perlite (between 30 – 40%) so that the sphagnum moss can breathe and aerate properly, allowing the roots to pass through quickly and infuse into your growing medium.

When using sphagnum moss you could add 5 to 7% calcined clay to increase the cation exchange capacity (CEC). This would help stabilize the pH in that growing medium. I would not use calcined clay in a recirculating system, only in a “one way” feeding program. Of course, if you are new to hydroponics, I would suggest you start by using Sunshine #4 mix, which has very good CEC and is very forgiving. You will get a good crop even if you make a few mistakes.

Sometimes There’s An Unexpected Aspect To “Do-It-Yourself” Mediums You Should Be Aware Of

problems for growers mixing their own mediums is inconsistencies in source materials. When mixing your own growing medium you need to know the sources of your sphagnum moss and lime because they differ in pH from year to year and locations. The only way to be certain you are working with the right pH materials in your medium is to test it frequently. See Soil and Plant Analysis: Laboratory Registry for the United States and Canada 2nd Edition, CRC Press (ISBN 1-57444179-5) to get a comprehensive list of soil-testing laboratories in the United States and Canada.

There is something else that you might run into when mixing your own medium. And that is inconsistent growing mediums. The number one cause of pH 59


Calcium Hydroxide

Limestone Screenings

Dolomite

Calcitic Limestone

Pictured above are the different types of limestone. It’s important to be aware of which type you’re using because they all have different release rates.

Adding Limestone

Earlier I mentioned adding limestone or lime. When you have a medium that is too acidic, you have to add something to bring it up into a better range. For example, you will find that sphagnum (pH of 3.5 to 4.0) is very acidic to use as a medium. So you’ll want to use limestone to neutralize this acid and raise the pH to a level acceptable for plant growth. The amount needed depends on different factors such as sphagnum sources, types of ingredients, and limestone type. 60

Another thing, when limestone is added to your growing medium, only a fraction of the lime reacts to increase the pH to a stable level in 5 to 10 days after planting. And this is called the reactive fraction. So what happens to the rest that doesn’t react? Well, this is called un-reacted or residual limestone, and it affects the longterm buffering capacity of your growing medium. It is the residual limestone that you want to measure regularly in order to test how good your limestone source is. Actually, each

limestone source is different, so there is no way to determine the residual fraction except to test it. There is also a variance in the limestone you get depending on what part of the quarry it comes from. You will find a variance in pH with sphagnum moss as well, depending on what part of the bog it is harvested from and what time of year or even what year.


The Three Main Features Of Lime

So when you use sphagnum as your medium, there are three main features of lime that determine how much is needed to raise its pH. These features are limestone type, particle size, and hardness.

Limestone Types

In dealing with limestone type you actually have two choices: 1.  Calcitic which is straight calcium carbonate. 2.  Dolomite which is a combination of calcium and magnesium carbonate. I do not recommend calcitic limestone as your optimum choice because it releases too fast and usually raises the medium pH too high. Dolomite is slower and doesn’t do that, so it is a better choice. With dolomite you get a more even pH and buffering over a longer period of time. Just remember that different sources of dolomite will give you different reaction fractions or percentages of the limestone. The only way to really ensure you have the dolomite lime with the right residual balance and the right reactive component to it is to test it by doing the following: • After placing the medium in pots, irrigate with tap water avoiding any leaching. • Reapply the water daily as needed to keep the medium moist. • Measure the pH at days 0, 3, 7, 10, 14, and 21. • Plot your results on a graph. You should see the pH stabilize after some time and see what the final pH was as well as how long it took to stabilize.

Particle Size

Now that we looked at limestone type, let’s look at particle size. Particle size also makes a difference in how reactive the limestone is. The finer the particle size is, the more reactive the limestone is. Just so you’re aware, limestone is sold in mesh sizes. The higher the mesh size, the finer the particle size.

Hardness

Hardness is the third important feature of limestone. A soft crystal reacts more quickly with acid than a hard crystal. Of course, there is no real way to tell if the limestone being used is soft or hard except by testing it. You have to add it to your growing medium and raise the pH to 5.3 – 6.8 and observe what happens. You can conduct a test for determining the reactivity of your limestone by adding 4 to 6 pounds of limestone per cubic yard of growing medium. If this adequately brings the pH up to 6.0, you know that the limestone is reactive, and there is little residual left once a stable pH is reached. Needing to add 8 – 12 pounds of limestone indicates the limestone is moderately reactive. Adding more than 15 pounds per cubic yard indicates an un-reactive limestone and that is not good.

Hydrated Limestone (A More Volatile Option)

If you use hydrated limestone, it’s another story. Hydrated limestone is known as calcium hydroxide and is a white, crystalline, slightly-soluble alkali used in the neutralization of acid soils. It reacts completely and rapidly and does not have any available residual limestone. You have to be

careful with it because it will quickly shoot your pH way up.

Some Challenges You Should Be Aware Of

Now you might run into a problem with adding limestone. Adding too much limestone adds alkalinity to your growing medium which could raise the pH levels too high. In limestone, the bicarbonates settle around a pH of 6.5 to 6.7 and this is dangerously close to the pH where precipitation of iron and manganese start to happen unless they are properly chelated. If you use Sunshine #4 growing mix, you don’t want to add limestone as it already has sufficient limestone in it, and adding more will increase your growing medium’s pH. Be careful...if you’ve been using limestone in your Sunshine #4 mix you might end up with your pH going high. You might even cause your nutrient elements locking out in the growing medium. However, if you use fully chelated macro, micro and secondary nutrients, this won’t happen. We will talk about chelates in a bit. Many of the nutrient companies don’t bother with using any chelates and the ones that do usually only chelate the iron and manganese. Properly chelating nutrients is an expensive endeavor. And the lack of proper chelation is likely costing you bigger yields, and you end up having to monitor your nutrients and growing medium continually to get the right pH.

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Reusing Your Growing Medium

One thing to remember if you reuse your growing medium is that you may not get consistent yields. You should be exceptionally cautious reusing your growing medium if any of the following happens during your growing and flowering cycle: your pH is currently running wild; you’re

using a lot of limestone; not watering regularly; or not leaching all the nutrients out at the end of your flowering cycle. This is especially applicable to reusing sphagnum moss or coco coir. You might want to store your sphagnum or coir from one crop to the next and, while the other crop is growing, you can work with the stored medium to

Pictured above are urea and nitrate molecules. When properly used together they will help balance your growing medium’s pH. Plus, they will give you more robust, thicker stalk plants and bigger yields. Plus, urea is also a great food source for your beneficial microbes.

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replenish it and get it to the right pH level for the next crop.

The Advantage Of Expanded Clay Pellets

Expanded clay pellets are my personal choice for running hydroponics systems because they’re easy to work with and clean up easy for reuse. You can also reuse perlite; just sift it and clean it with very hot water or use a weak solution of hydrogen peroxide and then rinse. The same can be done with expanded clay pellets. If you’re using rockwool just throw it out after every crop. Though I’ve seen and personally reused rockwool, it’s a pain in the ass and I wouldn’t do it because it has too many down sides. You’re better off buying it new. Here’s the bottom line: you have to be interested in your growing medium’s pH and make sure it’s clean if you’re going to reuse it to grow your plants. Otherwise, it will be difficult for you to grow a consistently high-yielding, highquality crop. If you don’t want to invest the time and money in this project, you’ll be better off to go to your hydro store and get new growing medium for each crop.


Shown above are the different outcomes that your nutrients will have depending on how their cations and anions are balanced when formulated. When done right, they will work in your favor and give you a great crop. When done wrong, you’ll find yourself battling constantly with your nutrient solution’s pH. Worse yet, your growing medium’s pH will be on the rise. And if you’ve never measured your growing medium’s pH you would never be aware of this yield-reducing trap that’s been silently stealing your crop’s true harvest potential.

Your Nutrients

Let’s Take A Closer Look At This Critical Piece Of The Puzzle Let’s have a look at how the different elements that make up your nutrients affect your pH. We mentioned this earlier at the beginning of this report. Your nutrient solution is made up of macro, micro and secondary nutrients. Macro means large and micro means little. Macronutrients are those elements like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium that your plants use a lot of. Micronutrients, on the other hand, are nutrients that are only needed in very small quantities like iron, manganese, boron, copper, cobalt, molybdenum and zinc. Secondary nutrients are calcium, magnesium and sulfur and are used in smaller amounts than macronutrients. All of these elements, macro, micro as well as secondary

nutrients carry either a positive charge (cations) or a negative charge (anions) and will affect the pH of your growing medium as your plants use them up. In fact, most macro, micro and secondary elements can be manufactured to carry more cations or anions if a manufacturer is willing to go the extra mile and spend the additional money required to have them custom-made. And, of course, that’s something Advanced Nutrients does. Cations include potassium, magnesium, calcium, zinc, copper, cobalt, manganese, iron and ammonium. Anions include nitrates, phosphates, sulfates, carbonates, and bicarbonates. And different forms of these elements carry different amounts of anions and cations.

How It All Comes Together

Your plants’ roots take in both anions and cations but when they do, different things occur - like when the roots take in cations, they give off hydrogen ions, which are acidic, and are then released into your growing medium. This makes your growing medium acidic and the pH is lowered. Now, when anions are taken in by your roots, hydroxide ions are released, which are alkaline, and that raises the pH of your growing medium. But as it goes, cations and anions actually work together.

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Like I Mentioned Up At The Beginning...“It’s A Balancing Act”

The whole trick is to balance the cations and the anions; then you can maintain the ideal pH in your growing medium. This does take a lot of work and research, but it can be done. Why is this important? I’ll let you in on the secret. When you use the cations in an ammonium-based nitrogen source, it gives off acid molecules and that helps to maintain the ideal pH around the roots and in your growing medium. But when you use a mainly nitrate-based nutrient, you are working with anions which give off alkaline molecules and that raises the pH. This means you’ll need to continually adjust your pH down. Why do the extra work when you can just maintain the right balance of ammonium and nitrates, cations to anions, right from the start?

Too much nitrates as a source of nitrogen will give shorter petioles, smaller leaves and thinner stems that won’t be able to support heavy flower weight.

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And I don’t know for sure, but because of this imbalance of anions to cations you may have a high pH in your growing medium. And the worst part is, you aren’t even aware that this harvest-robbing culprit is lurking in your growing medium. Also, if you use a recirculating system you’ll be continually adjusting your reservoir’s pH in an unending cycle of pH balancing. And this directly affects the bigger yields that you could be getting.

A Few More Fundamentals Of Nutrients

So let’s talk more about your nutrient. Since a lot goes on in a nutrient, you’ll need to have one that takes everything into account and makes the proper adjustments for you. It should work with and within the pH range of where your plants are growing and not against it. Plants that are subjected to stress due to limited and incorrect ratios of nutrient elements show slower growth, smaller bud size and weaker potency. In fact your plants use very little phosphorus - they are actually nitrogen and potassium hogs. Unfortunately, other nutrient companies haven’t taken the necessary tissue samples to find this out. We’ve taken thousands of samples for all parts of the plant through all phases of growing and rigorously tested many different nutrient ratios and have optimized your plants’ nutrients based on that research. To make matters worse, we found that as nutrients move away from your plants’ ideal ratios and element forms, yield and essential oil production rapidly deteriorate. For example, when you feed your plants with ammonium nitrogen

When you get it right your plants will have nice vibrant green leaves.

you will get a greater petiole leaf expansion. But fertilizing with too much nitrate nitrogen will give you shorter petioles, smaller leaves and thinner stems making it difficult to pack on a lot of weight because your plants can sense whether they have the proper support to grow bigger flowers.


This is because at below 60°F or 15°C temperature, the little microbes are just not working as fast and the nitrification process is inhibited. And this means the ammoniacal nitrogen is just not converted as well to ammonium. The only problem with that is that over time the nitrate nitrogen will cause the pH to increase in the growing medium. As an aside, the fertilizers that you find in garden centers and nurseries marked as “high acid” are high in ammonium and have a lot of cations in them. Here’s how it works: as the plant begins to take in these cation nutrients through its root system, it releases acid back into the soil or growing medium and that brings the pH down. So adding a “high acid” fertilizer to the reservoir does not make your nutrient solution have a lower pH; as you can now see, the process comes about in the soil as the plant roots use the cation-rich fertilizer and excrete acid into the soil.

But Wait, There’s More!

The form of nitrogen used also affects the color of your plant, as is seen in the case of fertilizing with ammonium nitrogen component which develops richer vibrant hues of green leaves. Now, temperature is something you have to take into account also. When the growing medium temperatures are below 60°F or 15°C, you are wiser to use nutrients high in nitrate nitrogen. Remember the ideal root zone temperature is between 65°F and 75°F or 18°C and 24°C.

The Source Of Nitrogen And...How It Makes A Big Difference

We explored the importance of nitrogen for plant growth and bud growth, but it’s the source of nitrogen and the amount of that source that makes the biggest difference in your nutrient. For example, there is potassium nitrate, magnesium nitrate, and calcium nitrate. When a plant takes in nitrates, it gives off an alkaline molecule, and you get a rising pH near the roots making the pH of your growing medium alkaline. A great cation-rich nitrogen source that we use at Advanced Nutrients is urea. It’s a great source because

Urea and nitrate molecules.

it acts like ammonium and keeps the pH nice and acidic in the growing medium. Urea also makes great microbial food and beneficial microbes love urea. The combination of urea and nitrates actually makes for a bigger, more vigorously growing plant, and increases your crop yield. And yes, I just gave up another inside secret. Remember, when your plants’ roots take in elements that are cations, they excrete acid molecules into your growing medium. And when your plants’ roots take in anions, they excrete alkaline molecules into your growing medium.

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The Next Step For Nutrient Companies

So if a nutrient company actually cared enough, knew what they were doing, and was willing to spend the extra time and money, they could make a perfectly balanced nutrient solution that would keep the pH in the “sweet spot” in your growing medium at all times. How would a nutrient company do that exactly? First they would have to tune the cations and anions of all the elements in the nutrient solution to a specific type of plant. And once you also knew what the exact macro, micro and secondary nutrient ratios of that specific plant was... You could then use your nutrient solution’s nitrogen sources to help do the “balancing act” for you, Some nutrient companies save a few bucks per bottle, by selling separate soil formulas instead of an all-in-one high quality hydroponics and soil nutrient.

Alkalinity can run out of control faster than a speeding bullet in your growing medium and severely reduce your harvest, or worse, in extreme cases kill your crop.

because nitrogen is abundantly used by your plant and it is available in both cation (ammonium) and anion (nitrate) forms. Now we’re getting some place. Only problem is, if you look at the hydroponics nutrients out there most of them use only nitrate forms as their nitrogen source, which are anion forms of nitrogen and drive your pH up in your growing medium as fast as a speeding bullet.

The Straight Goods On Different Formulas For Hydroponics And Soil

Here it is, simply put - it’s cheaper to make nutrient formulas for soil than hydroponics. Because soil has some nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, and for the most part small quantities of iron, manganese, copper, zinc, boron, and molybdenum) already present in them, companies just figure that they don’t have to put as much of those elements into their nutrient formulas. 66

There’s a danger with that kind of thinking, because soils are very diverse not only in the macro, micro and secondary nutrients they hold, but also in their availability, as well as the soil’s pH. However that’s not all; soil has a high cation exchange capacity, so companies also wouldn’t - if they chose to - have to use as much, if any, pH buffer. Bottom line is... saving a few bucks per bottle for them is more important than building a sound and sturdy nutrient platform that delivers to you, one high quality formula built right from the get-go, so to speak, for both hydroponics and soil. And with that being said, Advanced Nutrients base nutrients can be used in all hydroponics including rockwool, expanded clay pellets, perlite, volcanic rock, foam, styrene, sphagnum or soil growing


Pictured are various standalone pH and EC meters and combo meters that do both pH and EC at the lower to medium end of the price scale.

mediums, and any combination of those; it’s totally your choice. The only growing medium the base nutrients are not made for, at this time, is coco coir. That requires a totally separate base nutrient and bud enhancer. Even better, all Advanced Nutrients base nutrients and supplements can be used in any and all growing systems like flood and drain, NFT, drip irrigation, continuous feeding and aeroponics. And while we’re at it, almost all Advanced Nutrients supplements can be used in all your growing mediums including coco coir. Just look for the coco coir safe emblem on your supplement bottle or jar.

Balancing Your pH

When adjusting your reservoir’s nutrients to adjust your pH, for example, potassium hydroxide (also called caustic potash) can be used to raise your pH up. Use nitric and phosphoric acid to lower your pH down. You can use nitric acid in your vegetative phase because it will add nitrogen to your crop and phosphoric acid in your flowering cycle because it will add phosphorus. And guess what? Personally I prefer to use nitric acid in my

flowering cycle because tissue samples have shown your favorite plant doesn’t use a whole lot of phosphorus during flowering. In fact, in most cases nitrogen use increases. If you’re looking for organic forms of pH down, you can use citric acid to bring the pH down. This you can get at a vitamin store; just make sure that it is a really pure type of citric acid. You can even use vinegar (acetic acid) but the acetic acid varies in different vinegars so you have to be a bit more careful and watch what goes on. For this reason, citric acid is the preferred acid to use.

How About Using Buffers?

Some companies promote using chemicals to buffer your hydroponics nutrients. So what is a buffer? A buffer is a chemical that helps maintain pH stability of the nutrient solution. A lot of growers aren’t aware of this little known fact, but a lot of nutrient companies use magnesium, calcium and potassium carbonate or bicarbonate as their pH buffers. This is absolutely not a good idea. Here’s why: remember that carbonates and bicarbonates are

anions and add to the alkalinity of your nutrient solution and growing medium, and even though they might buffer the pH a bit, these “down and dirty” pH buffers will cause your growing medium’s pH to accelerate up. Vitally important last and final point: calcium, magnesium and potassium, using these carbonates and bicarbonates will actually diminish your crop’s yield potential. So check out what’s in the nutrients you’re using and see if they’re using any magnesium carbonate, calcium carbonate, potassium carbonate, bicarbonates or worse, a combination of them. For all these reasons, Advanced Nutrients won’t use them, period. Instead we invest our money in pH buffers that give you rock solid stability over your nutrient and growing medium’s pH while never adding alkalinity in any way that will diminish the size of your harvest.

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Adding Chelates

OK, so let’s take an in-depth look at chelates. What are they, anyways? Well, chelates are complex organic molecules used to allow the micro, macro and secondary nutrients to remain available to the plant over a wider pH range. They do this by binding them to ions, and this prevents those ions from precipitating with or locking out other elements. You can use different chelates to lower and raise the pH level as well, depending on what you need. So the whole activity is another balancing act. Adding chelates to the mix makes it easier for the plant’s roots to absorb the macro, micro and secondary nutrients that it needs.

There are several advantages of using chelates: • It increases availability of nutrients; • Mineral nutrients are prevented from forming insoluble precipitates; • Toxicity is reduced of some metal ions to plants; • It prevents nutrients from leaching; • The mobility of plant nutrients increases; • It suppresses the growth of plant pathogens; • When formulated correctly can help stabilize pH;

How We Give You The Best

DPTA

EDTA

EDDHA Chelates - Pictured above are some of the different chelates in their raw forms that are used to chelate hydroponics formula elements.

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Advanced Nutrients micronutrients are 100% chelated, and our macro and secondary nutrients are chelated as well (although not as much as the micronutrients because they’re not as critical). This makes them more available to the plant over an extremely wide pH range. The chelates that we use in your nutrients are EDTA, EDDHA, DPTA, amino chelates, and our own proprietary blend. And together they will give you a theoretical plant absorption range of pH 1 to pH 10.

Pictured is a simplified version of the way chelates bind to elemental ions.


The chart on the left shows the absorption range of typical non-chelated macro, micro and secondary nutrients. The chart on the right shows the absorption range of Advanced Nutrients pH Perfect® macro, micro and secondary nutrients. The only limit to absorption is the ability of the plant’s root system to keep growing its roots faster than they “burn” back from extreme pH levels. Typically those extremes are around pH 2.5 and pH 9.5.

pH 4.5 NON-CHELATED

pH 4.5 CHELATED

pH 8.5 NON-CHELATED

I say theoretical because at pH 2.5 the roots are being burned up faster than the plant can produce them and the same thing happens at pH 9.5. And most other nutrient formulas will start to precipitate and lock out at a pH of 6.8. At that pH, precipitation is microscopic and easily stays in suspension and usually can’t be seen with the naked eye. And it’s not until a pH of 7.5 to 8 that you can visibly see it. Then at the other end of the spectrum at pH 5, iron and manganese start to become way more available and can lead to plant toxicity. You won’t have to worry about any of this with Advanced Nutrients products because of all the chelates that are used. You can plainly see that without chelation your plants’ ability to absorb nutrients is placed in a very narrow pH range. And constant pH adjusting and monitoring will be required. Advanced Nutrients’ extensive use of chelates powerfully protects your crop with a second layer of pH protection and Advanced Nutrients is the only hydroponics company to do this and obviously goes to great lengths and expense to ensure you get the bigger yields you deserve.

pH 8.5 CHELATED

The tanks on top show precipitation at pH 4.5 and pH 8.5 of typical hydroponics nutrients. The tanks on the bottom show Advanced Nutrients chelated nutrients at pH 4.5 and pH 8.5.

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This is what healthy roots should look like, with the exception of using organic formulas, which will usually stain your healthy roots with a brownish tint.

Expensive Chelates And A Street Racer Named Allan

Using these types of chelates is literally 7 to 10 times more expensive than using straight non-chelated elements in your nutrient solution. So why do we pay so much attention to all the details when making your nutrient formulas? Well a long, long time ago when I was a very young man, just 19 years old, there was a street racer by the name of Allan in my hometown of Aurora, Illinois. He had the fastest car in a fifty mile radius. It was a Chevy Nova and it turned very low 10 second quarters consistently. Allan was a good 7 years older than me, and late one night on a summer evening a group of us were hanging out and talking to him. And I was asking a lot of questions about his car. Out of the blue he asked me if I wanted to go for a quick spin. Man, I was in that front seat of that car in a split second. I had barely gotten my seat belt on when we rolled out onto Lake St. 70

The light was already green in front of us and the moment the car was in a straight line all hell broke loose - the engine came alive, the tires hooked up and the sound of it all shattered the quiet of the still night air, echoing and reverberating off the store windows like intense thunder in a canyon of glass. I was pinned to the seat as if a powerful magnetic pull had gripped onto every cell in my body and firmly held it into the seat. I glanced over and saw how effectively the Hurst straight line shifter was making quick work of changing gears. And I was amazed how he deftly squeezed every last RPM out of the top end of every gear. By the time I looked forward again we were already coming out of third gear and into fourth gear. I couldn’t believe what I was seeing; the interval lines on the road had all become a solid stripe and vision off to my sides became blurred while my frontal vision became razor sharp and all my senses were lit up like Las Vegas at night and sensory

overload was setting in. Just then the run was over. He eased off the gas and just as quickly brought the car back down to a somewhat normal speed. I turned to Allan after we got done running that car through the gears and my ears had a chance to adjust from the roaring thunder. I asked him why his car was so fast. I asked him, was it because he had a triangular valve job? Was it the headers? The dual Holley double pumpers on the high lift manifold? 12 to 1 compression pistons? The Muncie Rock Crusher transmission? Was it the ported and polished heads? The 4:11 posi traction rear end with traction bars? The roller cams? He stopped me mid-sentence and said words I would carry with me for the rest of my life, and they have served me well.


He looked at me and said, “Mike it’s all of it, and a whole lot more things than you’ve mentioned. You see – it all matters. A lot of guys think they can go out and do just a few of those things to their cars and run hard. But what happens is when they do just a few of those things, there’s something they don’t realize and

understand; it affects something else that they didn’t think about, and then something snaps or limits their performance. When I built this car, I looked at everything and went through the entire car, and then built up each system. That’s why I don’t get beat.” Little did I realize on that warm summer evening that a street racer

had just handed me one of my keys to life that would open many doors. For whatever reason those words have stuck with me “it all matters” and throughout my life I’ve always put those words to good use. Talk Soon :-) Big Mike

It was in a Chevy Nova similar to this one that I discovered, from a street racer, one of my life’s important lessons. One that I would take with me for the rest of my life.

Enter the world of pH Perfect ® and see how it can make growing easier than ever. advancednutrients.com/pHPerfect 71


It Just

Makes Sense Here's What A Scientifically Researched And Developed Base Nutrient Formula Should Do For You – And What It Looks Like

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Section 3 - Growing | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 3 - Growing The bottom line: To get the best return on your investment of your time and your money, choosing the right base nutrient to feed your high-value crops is critical. The problem Indoor growing is a new science. There simply aren’t a lot of people who have had the resources or the know-how, or taken the time to study the specific types of plants you grow to see what makes them tick. Our solution The pH Perfect® Sensi series comes in two different versions, helping you get the best out of both the grow phase and bloom phase of your plants. Here, we’ll focus on the grow phase, which is where pH Perfect Sensi Grow comes in. With pH Perfect Sensi Grow, our scientists have taken exacting measures to create the best all around choice for a base nutrient. Here’s what you should know: • We only give you pharmaceutical grade ingredients – Advanced Nutrients uses pharmaceutical grade raw materials to make your nutrients. What that means is that the raw materials sourced for our ingredients must meet a certain standard of purity and quality. This applies to the raw material as it appears in nature or in the lab, and also to how it’s handled at every step along the way, from its original source, right to your bottle of pH Perfect Sensi Grow Parts A & B. Pharmaceutical grade materials approach total purity so that, practically

speaking, every milliliter of product you use is sure to exert its intended effect on the plants. And they’re guaranteed to be safe for your plants and, more importantly, for your consumption. Your results are our highest priority – Advanced Nutrients uses both organic and synthetic ingredients. But in either case, the criteria we use to decide which materials to source is what will give you the best harvest. It comes down to purity. Not only do we use pharmaceutical grade ingredients, but our team of plant scientists is obsessively dedicated to finding and testing additional variables. We scour the globe to bring you the best ingredients – Just like certain soils yield the best coffee beans, certain regions of the world have higher quality sources of certain nutrients and ingredients. Our scientists are constantly on the lookout for the best sources for the most potent ingredients. Tissue sample testing that can exceed four years for a specific product or ingredient – We have developed a base level of quality checks for every ingredient and product we put into the market. This includes thorough plant tissue sample testing and a scientific approach to recording and adjusting our results. Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment – Advanced Nutrients uses a reverse osmosis (RO) water treatment system. This provides not only what is considered “ultra pure” water (the same water that Coca-Cola© and Red Bull© use for their products), but gives us a unique scientific

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: I was perfectly happy with the results I got from the original Sensi series. Do I have to relearn how to feed my plants if I use the new pH Perfect Sensi series? ANSWER: Our Sensi Grow & Bloom have always outperformed all other two-part bases, but you’ll get even better performance from the new version. And it’s actually easier to use now than before!

QUESTION: What can I use with pH Perfect Sensi Grow & Bloom during bloom phase to get larger buds? ANSWER: pH Perfect Sensi Grow & Bloom is customengineered to work with several of our phase-specific formulas, so you get the ultimate in targeted flower-fattening nutrition during bloom phase.

Section 3 - Growing | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

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pH Perfect® SENSI GROW - 2-Part Base Nutrient advantage for hydroponic nutrients – a steady control point. Our RO water is extremely free of sediment impurities and excess sodium, as well as 99.999% free of all bacteria due to the UV light treatment that is part of the reverse osmosis process. We use the same pure water every day, hour, minute, etc. This means that the scientific tests we perform on our nutrients are actually scientific because the variables are known and controlled. There are a surprising number of hydroponics companies that use tap water for their product development. • Optimum Water Temperature – Our scientists are obsessive. Some of them have more than one PhD. And they are always on the lookout for new variables to test. One of Advanced Nutrients’ secret weapons is the water temperature we use to develop our products. When you mix a jug of Kool-Aid, for example, if you use cold water you’ll find more sediment at the bottom of the glass. When you get the temperature just right, you’ll notice much less sediment as well as a tastier brew. All Advanced Nutrients products have a specific temperature dialed in to

mix with, which means your plants will get the full benefit of the product from every last drop. • Global quality control measured to a hundredth of a gram – Another advantage of buying pH Perfect® Sensi Grow Parts A & B is quality control. There are many companies that will put out different products regionally. For example, the cereal you buy in Oakland, California may not be the exact same cereal you buy in Abbotsford, Canada (even though it comes in the same box, with the same label). The reason is that local materials are used to produce the product, and the grain in California might be different than the grain used in Canada. Not so with pH Perfect Sensi Grow. Each bottle is produced using the exact same process and ingredients anywhere on the globe, no matter what the location. They’re also produced in small, hand-picked batches at a time, by qualified professionals, to ensure the highest quality standards. The pH Perfect Sensi Grow Parts A & B you buy in California is the exact same pH Perfect Sensi Grow A & B you’d buy in Mumbai,

With pH Perfect Sensi Grow A & B, you can leverage thousands of hours of lab work done by some of the most dedicated and qualified plant scientists working today, specific to the types of plants you grow.

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Section 3 - Growing | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

India. And each ingredient in every product is measured to be identical down to a hundredth of a gram (0.01g). • Even more tests – Our process of selecting ingredients is exhaustive. This process includes carefully constructing plantspecific test sites gathering information on room conditions and varieties of plants considering factors such as room temperature, plant height, plant weight (using both wet and dry tissue samples), pH, and PPM, to name just a manageable few. The way we develop most of our products is meticulous. We start by sourcing the material we want. Our team of scientists then formulate multiple versions of a given product, altering mixing rates and concentrations. Next, they send each version out to different test sites to run rigorous scientific comparisons, carefully recording the results. At this point, other companies would package everything up and sell their product, feeling proud of themselves. Advanced Nutrients is far too obsessive for such half-hearted effort. We go the extra mile, taking the collected data and further narrowing our never-ending search for perfection. Once we have a good idea of what we think is getting the job done, we repeat the testing process from the beginning. This process of refinement, as outlined above, can take years before delivering results that satisfy us enough to pass the product along to you. Now that you know how carefully it’s been researched and developed, let’s check out what makes pH Perfect Sensi Grow Parts A & B so effective as a base nutrient.

The details pH Perfect Sensi Grow Parts A & B uses the most complete and advanced range of chelates of any nutrient formula in the world, except for pH Perfect Connoisseur. For example, for iron we have four different chelates in the pH Perfect Sensi Series: EDTA, EDDHA, amino chelate, and DTPA.


Section 3 - Growing In plain speak, you have some of the most advanced plant science expertise in the world working to grow you profitable buds when you pour pH Perfect Sensi Grow Parts A & B. In no particular order, here are some easyto-read bullets that tell the rest of the story: • The price for pH Perfect Sensi Grow Parts A & B is and has always been an incredible bargain considering the concentration of growing power you’re buying. The nearest competitor sells their bottles for almost double the price. • Using a two-part base nutrient instead of a three-part is very simple and easy, especially because with pH Perfect Sensi Grow Parts A & B, you measure the exact same amount of liquid from each bottle when you pour them. • The pH Perfect Sensi Series contains optimal NPK ratios for the specific types of high-value crops you grow. This is not speculation, but fact demonstrated through thousands of plant tissue sample tests. • The extremely refined chelation you’ll find in pH Perfect Sensi Grow Parts A &

PRODUCT TYPE: Two-part Base Nutrients. GARDEN TYPES: pH Perfect Sensi Series has been developed for use with any and all hydroponics and continuous liquid feed growing systems (aeroponic, drip irrigation and emitters, NFT, flood & drain). WHEN TO USE: Use pH Perfect Sensi Grow and pH Perfect Sensi Bloom during appropriate phases of plant cycle.

Our scientists are obsessive. Some of them have more than one PhD.

B sets it apart from all competitors and raises the bar for the growing industry. • For each trace element used there are at least two sources of chelated nutrients. Exact and specific ratios, determined among many research gardens, will outperform any other product for a lot less money.

• p H Perfect Sensi Grow Parts A & B can be used in any type of growing situation. Hydro, rockwool, aero, soil – it’ll work its magic for you regardless. • Because of the level of chelation, it will deliver the nutrients through a wide range of pH conditions, and keep plants healthy under a very wide range of environmental conditions. • It does not use excessive ammonium, which a lot of competing formulas do. Ammonium is one of the main culprits in root burn. • It uses proprietary ingredients that change how cell walls behave so that your plants are capable of growing in ways that are impossible to reach under “normal” conditions. pH Perfect Sensi Grow Parts A & B is the vegetative side of the pH Perfect Sensi Series, complemented by pH Perfect Sensi Bloom Parts A & B. Other than pH Perfect Connoisseur, it is the most advanced base nutrient formula in the world, designed specifically for the types of plants you grow.

Fast Facts

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Hobbyist Level®, Expert Grower Level®, Professional Grower Level®, and Grand Master Grower Level®. BENEFITS and Features: • Faster growth and larger yields • Easier to use • Faster absorption • Less work • pH Perfect® technology offers immense value and savings to the customers by including the F-1, H-2, and Wet Betty products along with the base nutrient.

Volume: MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 4 mL per Liter during weeks 1 through 6 of your grow phase. Shake well to take full advantage Liquid: of this product and put it to work for you.

250 mL

500 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

23 L

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Wild Growth The Biggest Problems With Most Three-Part Formulas And How To Spot One That Works

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Section 3 - Growing | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 3 - Growing While a high quality two-part formula is actually the most effective way to dial in the exact nutrients and ratios your plants need, many growers enjoy the simplicity of an easy-mixing three-part formula. However, those growers still want the most effective formula possible. Unfortunately, the truth is that most three-part formulas are not up to the standards that professionals like you and I expect, and those formulas shouldn’t be used with the types of high-value plants we grow.

The Biggest Problems With Most THREE-Part Formulas First of all, most three-part formulas are NOT made for the types of plants we grow. If you look at their ingredients or visit their manufacturing facilities, you’ll discover they’re about the same as the super cheap bottles of granulated fertilizers the average homeowner uses in his or her backyard flower garden. They’re made with generic ingredients. Another big problem is this: other threepart formulas are hard to mix and monitor and can often directly cause many of your plants’ problems. Many also include artificial dyes of unknown amounts and molecular structures, some of which could harm your

plants. Other three-part formulas don’t even have the right PPM or pH, which can quickly lead to root damage. In short, these low quality, generic formulas are ill-suited to the task of making your plants healthy and happy. And lastly, even if you do manage to find a formula with nutrients beneficial to your plants, you might still waste most of those nutrients because those formulas won’t have carrier molecules to drive those ingredients straight into your plants quickly and efficiently. This is actually a bigger problem than it seems because most of your nutrients are not getting into your plants, which is not only a waste of money, but, because it causes longer crop cycles, a waste of precious time as well. But it doesn’t need to be this way.

The Solution To These Big Problems Growers like us are a particular bunch, and with good reason. Our livelihood and our good name depend on us being able to consistently deliver high quality crops. This is why we demand ONLY the best when it comes to using three-part formulas. In fact, what we really want is something specifically designed for our high-value

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: Can I use it in the same ratio as I did with General Hydroponics 3-Part? ANSWER: Advanced Nutrients' scientists conducted extensive research on plant tissue samples, and found plants perform best when the ratio of application of our pH Perfect® Grow, Micro, Bloom is 1:1:1. Professional and grand master growers may have enough experience to experiment with that ratio, but our test gardens have shown great results with 1:1:1. When our pH Perfect Grow, Micro, Bloom is used with the Bigger Yields™ system, nutrient absorption is higher than ever previously possible with any 3-part formula. QUESTION: Does it matter which of the three components I mix first? ANSWER: Very much. Add pH Perfect Micro to the reservoir first and mix it well. Then add pH Perfect Grow, then add pH Perfect Bloom.

QUESTION: Why does each of the three parts have its own color? ANSWER: Colors are used to simplify the process of mixing by allowing three different parts to be easily recognizable from each other, helping to avoid confusion and possible duplication of ingredients in the reservoir mixture. The colors are created by absolutely safe dyes. QUESTION: Why should I use Advanced Nutrients products at a lesser strength than General Hydroponics? ANSWER: Advanced Nutrients pH Perfect Grow, Micro, Bloom is manufactured with the latest coatings, chelates and processes, which means much more nutrition is absorbed by plants. That's why you use a lot less of our nutrients when compared to General Hydroponics, which is 25% weaker than our three-part.

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pH Perfect® GROW-MICRO-BLOOM - 3-Part Base Nutrient plants – formulas with the absolute best and most potent nutrients and ratios. We want the most advanced, state-of-the-art “carrier molecules” to ensure our plants get the maximum amount of nutrients in the least amount of time. We demand formulas that have been proven, in multiple scientific studies, to get more color, more aroma, more size, and more potency from our plants. We want formulas that are not only highly advanced and easily customizable, but easy to mix and use. The fact is that grand master growers have found that pH Perfect® Grow, Micro, Bloom from Advanced Nutrients is the only three-part formula on the market that meets all these criteria.

The Truth About GrowMicro-Bloom One of the most important ways pH Perfect Grow, Micro, Bloom gives you faster growth and bigger yields is through the special ingredients it contains, ingredients that drive more of the nutrients in the formula into your plant faster than ever before. These nutrient-delivering compounds are called “chelates,” which are compounds designed to bind with nutrients and help them get inside plants so that the plant

Only for Your Type of Plants

HIGHEST

YIELD

Easy Mixing and Use

Faster Absorbing

Maximum Flexibility

You'll see the widest range of harvest-boosting benefits from this powerful 3-part formula.

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For growers like us, our livelihood and our good name depend on our crops. That’s why we demand three-part formulas with the absolute best nutrients and proper ratios along with the most advanced “carrier molecules” to ensure that our plants make the most of the nutrients we feed them.

cells can use them more quickly and more efficiently. It’s these chelates that give pH Perfect Grow, Micro, Bloom significant advantage over every other three-part formula on the market. Grand master growers everywhere understand chelates are especially important when you’re using non-soil hydroponic systems, including rockwool, aeroponics, NFT, and other types of materials in indoor gardens to make the most out of every ounce of nutrients you feed your plants.

Bud-Potentiating Nutrients Delivered Directly To Your Plants pH Perfect Grow, Micro, Bloom contains only the most proven, most potent, and most effective nutrients, always in the correct ratios, so you get what you need to achieve maximum growth and yield from your plants in every stage of your crop cycle. During the growth phase – when your plants need nitrogen, calcium, and other necessary nutrients – pH Perfect Grow, Micro, Bloom’s chelates send these nutrients directly and immediately into your plants’ roots, leaves, cells, and flowers, greatly

Section 3 - Growing | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

speeding the growth phase. During the bloom phase, pH Perfect Grow, Micro, Bloom feeds powerful chelated potassium, phosphorus, and other nutrients designed to boost flower size and weight directly into the heart of your plants so that they acheive maximum size, weight, and budding. And as if that wasn’t enough, there’s more:

Never Worry About Your pH Again pH Perfect Grow, Micro, Bloom contains pH Perfect technology, which eliminates the need to manually check and adjust pH levels

I

t’s these chelates that give
pH Perfect Grow, Micro, Bloom a significant advantage over every other threepart formula on the market.


Section 3 - Growing two times per day. That means off-color leaves, slow growth, and low yields due to pH and PPM fluctuations are a thing of the past. In short, as long as your water falls between 4.5 pH and 8.5 pH (which is pretty much everyone’s water), this technology adjusts your pH for you and keeps it buffered there throughout your plants' growth and bloom phases! That means you’ll never have to manually adjust your pH and you’ll never have to worry about your plants not being in the premium growing environment – all you have to do is use pH Perfect Grow, Micro, Bloom as directed and the pH Perfect technology takes care of it all for you!

Now you can use the only three-part hydroponics base fertilizer tested and designed by scientists to give you guaranteed larger harvests and more convenient use. The potent combination of the right nutrients, chelates for enhanced absorption, and pH Perfect ensures better results more consistently.

You’re Guaranteed To Get Faster Growth and Bigger Yields Advanced Nutrients is so serious about their pH Perfect Grow, Micro, Bloom formula that we offer a full money back guarantee of satisfaction.

Fast Facts PRODUCT TYPE: pH Perfect® Base Nutrients. GARDEN TYPES: pH Perfect Grow, Micro, Bloom has been developed for use with any and all hydroponics and continuous liquid feed growing systems (aeroponic, drip irrigation and emitters, NFT, flood & drain). WHEN TO USE: From seedling/clone to end of bloom phase. MIXING DIRECTIONS: 4 mL (each part) per Liter during weeks 1 through 6 of blooming phase, and during all weeks of grow phase.

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Hobbyist Level®, Expert Grower Level®, Professional Grower Level® and Grand Master Grower Level®. Benefits and Features: • Faster vegetative growth • Healthier plants • More productive flowering • Value-added multiple formula • Easier to mix and use • Combines with Bigger Yields Flowering System® • 20% more potent than competing fertilizers. Volume: Liquid:

250 mL

500 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

23 L

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Why Pay More? What To Look For When Investing in a 2- (or 3-) Part Base Nutrient

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Section 3 - Growing | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 3 - Growing The problem The hydroponics industry is very competitive and it can be difficult to discern the difference between a product that will form the pillars of your success, and one that will leave your plants sedentary, or even harm them! So what should you be looking for? What you need to know There are three things that are VERY important when hunting for a product as specialized as this:

• First, try to find a product designed with you in mind. You don’t want to waste your money on a one-size-fitsall generic base nutrient when you can find a product specifically created for the special types of plants you grow. A formula tailored to your specific needs is, obviously, going to provide you with better overall results. • Next, select a base nutrient that contains the exact ratios of macronutrients, secondary nutrients, and micronutrients your plants need to thrive and grow.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: What’s the difference between General Hydroponics' Flora Gro-Micro-Bloom and Advanced Nutrients’ Jungle Juice™ Grow, Micro, Bloom? ANSWER: Not much. They use the exact same ingredients in the exact same proportions. The advantage of using Jungle Juice Grow, Micro, Bloom is that you save 40% of your money. Jungle Juice Grow, Micro, Bloom is also put through a more rigorous quality control process as it’s made; we have a whole host of quality control standards that set us apart from the competition. QUESTION: Does Jungle Juice Grow, Micro, Bloom work like your pH Perfect® nutrients to automatically balance the pH so I can avoid the hassles of adjusting the pH? ANSWER: No. Jungle Juice Grow, Micro, Bloom does not automatically balance the pH, but it is fully compatible with our pH Perfect line of products. The biggest benefit of Jungle Juice Grow, Micro, Bloom is the money you’ll save. The formula for both General Hydroponics’ Flora Gro-Micro-Bloom and Advanced Nutrients' Jungle Juice Grow, Micro, Bloom is a very simple formula, and they are identical products except that with Jungle Juice Grow, Micro, Bloom, you save 40% of your money. All that said, to get the best results we recommend you use our base nutrient formulas with pH Perfect technology. QUESTION: How can you afford to sell Jungle Juice at 40% less than what General Hydroponics sells their 3-part for? ANSWER: By not including pH Perfect technology, we were able to cut our production costs. Also, Advanced Nutrients is very conscious of our relationship with you, our client. We’re proud to offer you products at a fair price. QUESTION: Is the Jungle Juice 2-part pH perfect? ANSWER: You will still need to adjust the pH when using this

product. Our pH Perfect 2-Part base nutrients are the pH Perfect Sensi Grow & Bloom and pH Perfect Connoisseur lines. QUESTION: Does Jungle Juice Grow, Micro, Bloom fit in with your Bigger Yields Flowering System®and other hydroponics formulas? ANSWER: Yes. Our entire nutrients line feeds and protects your plants from top to bottom and integrates perfectly to create a symbiosis that powers your plants. We design and test with a systems approach in mind. Our products complement each other so that they add value to each other’s performance. You can use Jungle Juice Grow, Micro, Bloom with our other products, knowing that they work together to increase your growth rates and yields. QUESTION: What growing medium or growing system can I use Jungle Juice in? ANSWER: Jungle Juice has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, and soil growing mediums. It has also been developed for use with any and all hydroponic, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain, and continuous liquid feed growing systems. QUESTION: I am switching from GH Flora to Jungle Juice. Can I use one of my remaining Flora bottles with the Jungle Juice? ANSWER: Yes, you can use your remaining GH Flora bottles with Jungle Juice. QUESTION: Is Jungle Juice similar to the 2-part formulas from General Hydroponics or Humboldt Nutrients? ANSWER: While Jungle Juice is a 2-part formula, there are separate bottles for the grow and bloom phases, allowing your plants to have the ideal spectrum of nutrients for their particular stages of growth.

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Jungle Juice 2- and 3-Part Base Nutrients

Choosing the right 2- or 3-part base nutrient is critical for your high value plants.

Many nutrient formulas have incorrect ratios or types of macronutrients, secondary nutrients, and micronutrients. Sometimes they even contain ratios that can be harmful to the types of plants you grow. That can become a BIG problem for certain types of high-value plants because they need much more potassium than phosphorus during bloom phase. When too much phosphorus is dumped into your plants, it creates a potential for phosphorus toxicity that works against flower production and overall plant health. In addition, too much phosphorus is the reason your crops may taste harsh and can hurt your throat and lungs. This is one of the biggest problems you’ll face when using products that aren’t designed for the plants you grow. Lastly, be sure that you aren’t throwing your money away on an overpriced product. There are plenty of high quality formulas out there capable of getting the job done without breaking the bank. If you can stick to these three simple rules, you’re guaranteed to find a great product to give you results without costing an arm and leg.

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The solution Here at Advanced Nutrients, we work tirelessly to bring you the latest and greatest in all things hydroponics because we know how valuable your plants are to you AND we know what you need to be a successful grower. This is why Jungle Juice 2-Part and Jungle Juice Grow, Micro, Bloom were both created with you in mind. We developed these formulas especially for the high value plants you grow – to maximize quality yields and to provide your plants with a solid foundation for future growth. Even though Jungle Juice doesn’t have the advanced chelates and pH balancing technology of our pH Perfect® line, they still have the perfect ratios of macronutrients, secondary nutrients, and micronutrients for the types of plants you grow, and are meant to give you the biggest bang for your buck. In addition, Jungle Juice 2-Part is also the world’s most affordable 2-part base nutrient, and is truly in a class by itself when it comes to selecting a high quality, low cost base nutrient formula. What does it do? Jungle Juice 2-Part combines industry– leading technology with decades of first– hand knowledge to provide a base nutrient that will provide your valuable plants with the most essential elements required to see significant increases in plant health and yields. You can expect the same results of Jungle Juice 3-Part as well. What does high quality look like? One of the great things about Advanced Nutrients is that our company manufactures 100% of our products, including our beneficial bacteria and fungi. In fact, we’re the industry’s only company with these capabilities. And one of the hottest ingredients in the new Jungle Juice is kelp extract. The truth is that our kelp extract is very different from the kelp you see in a lot of other nutrient supplements these days. The biggest difference is that our kelp is

Section 3 - Growing | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

standardized, which means that the kelp we use has incredible bud building properties that cannot be found in many other places. Some other exciting elements you’ll find in Advanced Nutrients Jungle Juice 2-Part are alfalfa and paulownia extracts. That might sound a little mundane, but don’t be fooled – alfalfa contains more than 80 vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients that your plants need throughout their life cycle to build bigger, stronger, healthier, and more valuable buds. And the icing on the cake is that our alfalfa is sourced from non-GMO crops, meaning that it contains absolutely NO genetically modified organisms. In fact, we even took pains to make sure that the crops we chose weren’t just growing non-GMO, but were also taking steps to prevent any contamination by GMOs from outside sources. This means that, as always, we can provide you with the consistent, high quality nutrient supplements that you deserve and have come to expect from us here at Advanced Nutrients. As for the paulownia, this is a really incredible plant. Not only can it grow at an alarming rate of 20 feet per year, it also boasts a natural resistance to fire and insects.

Even though the plant scientists at Advanced Nutrients formulated and manufactured Jungle Juice to a higher standard, you don’t pay more. In fact, you pay less.


Section 3 - Growing

When it comes to harvesting your crops, you’ll be glad you used a product like Jungle Juice because of the rigorous quality control process Advanced Nutrients utilizes in its production. This ensures more consistent results each and every time you use it.

Final thoughtS We sincerely believe that our “competitors” offer good products… for certain growers. But for someone who specializes in the valuable plants we grow, “good” just isn’t good enough. We want the best. And we know you do too. That’s why we’re always pushing ourselves to bring you the highest quality products at prices that can’t be beaten. You see, Jungle Juice 2-Part and Jungle Juice Grow, Micro, Bloom are both basic products. The big differences between Jungle Juice and other products like it are that Jungle Juice is of higher quality manufacturing, gives you more consistent results, and contains those perfect ratios we’ve been talking about.

Fast Facts PRODUCT TYPE: Jungle Juice Base Nutrients. GARDEN TYPES: Jungle Juice 2- (and 3-) Part are suitable for all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil. WHEN TO USE: All crop phases. MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 4 mL per Liter. Use a conductivity or ppm meter to monitor water quality and control nutrient strength. Drain, discard, and replace nutrient every week or two to prevent nutrient imbalance. Maintain nutrient pH between 5.5 and 6.8. Adjustment may be necessary since water quality and pH vary both regionally and seasonally. Please measure accurately. Reduce nutrient strength if plants show signs of stress, or if growing in very bright, hot, or dry environments. Shake well before mixing. GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Hobbyist Level®, Expert Grower Level®,

Professional Grower Level® and Grand Master Grower Level®.

• New plant extracts deliver you cutting– edge technology! Jungle Juice 2-Part Bloom comes with new plant extracts BENEFITS and Features: that promote your plants' natural • Jungle Juice Grow, Micro, Bloom tolerance to adverse environments. provides a full spectrum of nitrogen, • The results are stronger roots, more phosphorus, potassium, and secondary flowering sites, and better nutrient minerals necessary for the types of plants absorption. we grow to THRIVE during the allimportant grow and flowering phases. Volume: • Jungle Juice 2-Part is priced lower 23 L 1L 4 L 10 L than competing 2-part nutrients on Liquid: 500 the market, even while formulated and manufactured to a higher standard. mL

250 mL

JUNGLE JUICE GROW A/B

2 PART

STAGE

APPLICATION

(ml/1L) of each part

Seedlings

1

Vegetative

2

JUNGLE JUICE GROW A/B

JUNGLE JUICE

GROW

MICRO

BLOOM

DIRECTIONS

mL/100L

mL/100L

mL/100L

Cuttings & Seedlings

33

33

General Purpose-Mild

132

132

Vegetative Stage

396

264

Transition to Bloom

264

264

Blooming & Ripening

JUNGLE JUICE

132 DIRECTIONS

Cuttings & Seedlings General Purpose-Mild Vegetative Stage Transition to Bloom

GROW

264 mL/100L

33

DIRECTIONS 132 Cuttings & Seedlings LUCAS FORMULA MICRO mL/Gallon water DIRECTIONS General Purpose-Mild Media or Hydro 8 Vegetative Stage

Ripening

mL/100L

33 BLOOM mL/Gallon water 132

132 132

MICRO 264 mL/100L 396

BLOOM mL/100L

33

33 132

264

132

Transition to Bloom

264

264

264

Blooming & Ripening

132

264

396

16

MICRO

BLOOM

mL/Gallon water

mL/Gallon water

8

16

Section 3 - Growing | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

2

APPLICATION STAGE (ml/1L) of each part JUNGLE Flower Initiation 2 JUICE BLOOM A/B Flowering 3

BLOOM

132

LUCAS FORMULA

1 2

33

264

GROW 264 mL/100L 264

396

DIRECTIONS Media or Hydro

APPLICATION

(ml/1L) of each part

Seedlings

33

396 mL/100L 132

Blooming & Ripening

STAGE

Vegetative

132 264

33 396

Ripening

132

MICRO

132

JUNGLE264 JUICE

APPLICATION STAGE (ml/1L) of each part JUNGLE Flower Initiation 2 JUICE BLOOM A/B Flowering 3

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2


Prehistoric

Growth Secrets Know the Benefits of a Simple-To-Use Fulvic/Humic Acid Supplement to Take Your Plants to the Next Level‌

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Section 3 - Growing | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 3 - Growing Growers like us know how important it is to provide our plants with all the essential nutrients they need in order to grow bigger and faster while still producing potent, high-quality yields. But sometimes the process of providing our valuable plants with all the right nutrients can become confusing and exhausting, causing us to overlook vital steps in our plants' development. For example, fulvic and humic supplements are very important in the life cycle of your plants, but also very easy to overlook in the day-to-day routine of caring for your garden.

The Benefits Of Ancient Earth® Minerals The earth has been compiling and storing minerals of all kinds for millions and millions of years. And fulvic and humic acids are two that were passed down to us from the dinosaurs. Fulvic acid is a water-soluble, natural, organic substance of low molecular weight, often found in surface water. It’s one of

several subclasses of humic acids that arise from complex mixtures of partially decomposed organic materials. This basically means that the cells of ancient plants and animals were influenced by the pressure of the earth over a long period of time to become the nutrients that we use today. Unfortunately, fulvic acid is still not well-known or understood by most of the scientific community. Chemists have not been able to synthesize it or clearly define it because it is the smallest, most complex, most highly refined, naturally occurring, water-soluble substance on Earth! Tiny amounts of fulvic acid remarkably transform the molecular structure of water, making it intensely more active and penetrable. Additionally, it assists water in its job of dissolving and transporting minerals, helping to carry nutrients into the cells of your precious plants while also carrying waste products away. Amazingly enough, scientists have discovered that fulvic acid is nothing less than tiny fragments of DNA from past

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: Should I use fulvic acid and humic acid together? How are they different? ANSWER: Both humic and fulvic acids are derived from the same ancient substances. Humic acid is the portion of humic substances that is not soluble in water at pH <2 but is soluble at higher pH values. Fulvic acid is soluble in water under all pH conditions and is what remains behind after removing the humic portion. It is best to use both together, which is why Ancient Earth™ was created. QUESTION: What are the main ingredients in Ancient Earth? ANSWER: Ancient Earth contains fulvic acid and humic acid, two very important nutrient supplements with numerous benefits for high-value plants.

QUESTION: Is Ancient Earth 100% organic? ANSWER: Yes, Ancient Earth was created for organic growers. QUESTION: What can Ancient Earth supplements do for my plants? ANSWER: Ancient Earth reduces the effects of salinity and pH fluctuations, increases your plants’ uptake of the precious micronutrients that drive your plants to reach their optimum yield, and doubles your purchase value because this one formula replaces two products previously sold separately. QUESTION: Can I use this in my garden? ANSWER: Yes, Ancient Earth has been developed for use with any and all hydroponic, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain, and continuous liquid feed growing systems.

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ANCIENT EARTH® ORGANIC - Organic Source of Power generations of living organisms. In other words, fulvic acid is the “milk” from Mother Nature, meant for giving life, energy, health, immunity, and renewal to Earth and all of its life forms. This makes it invaluable to you as a professional gardener. Like fulvic acid, humic acids are also crucial to life on Earth, and when they become depleted via oxidation or deactivated by sodium or aluminum, soil problems develop that can cause negative effects all the way up the food chain. Conditions of soil depletion resulting in low yield and/or susceptibility to diseases and pests have resulted in devastating effects on plants, which translates into devastating effects on growers’ wallets and

reputations. Humic substances, of which fulvic acid is one, are the link between the living and the nonliving in nature. When the proper amounts of humic substances are dissolved in water, the water takes on a new form, becoming restructured on the molecular level. The biggest difference between fulvic and humic acids is that fulvic acid (F-1) is very acidic, while humic acid (H-2) is much more alkaline. If you were to only use one of the two, your pH balance would shift erratically, wreaking havoc on your plants. It is very important to use both and not just one of the two. That is the reason that Ancient Earth® has been added to The scientists at Advanced Nutrients never stop learning and testing in an effort to bring growers like you new innovations.

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The early grow phase is an important time (especially in organic gardens) to supplement with proper levels of humic acid and fulvic acid.

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t is very important to use both [fulvic acid and humic acid] and not just one or the other individually. That is the reason Ancient Earth has been added to our plant specific line of nutrients. It's a combination product to save you money and keep your growing medium in check.


Section 3 - Growing our plant-specific line of nutrients. It’s a combination product to save you money and keep your growing medium in check.

The Solution Is Advanced Nutrients Ancient Earth For years now we’ve offered you Grandma Enggy’s H-2 and F-1, two revolutionary nutrient supplements derived from a single extraordinary compound called leonardite. But as you know, here at Advanced Nutrients, we never stop learning and growing in an effort to bring growers like you the very best and most fairly priced products on the market. With this attitude in mind, we’ve combined fulvic and humic acids into a single nutrient formula that is specifically designed to fit the needs of the valuable plants we grow. Ancient Earth reduces the effects of salinity and pH fluctuations, increases your plants’ uptake of the precious micronutrients that drive your plants to reach their optimum yield, and doubles

After base nutrients, there are many different supplements that can help enhance your growing efforts. Grand master growers have known for years that each small addition, used correctly, can add up to a beautiful finished harvest.

your purchase value because this one formula replaces two products previously sold separately. This is a no-brainer. And since this, like all of our products, is backed by our

money back guarantee, you really have nothing to lose and everything to gain by trying Ancient Earth today.

Fast Facts PRODUCT TYPE: Root Zone Fortifier. GARDEN TYPES: Ancient Earth has been developed for use with any and all hydroponic, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain, and continuous liquid feed growing systems. WHEN TO USE: Use throughout the entire grow and bloom phases. Please note that when using the pH Perfect® system, Ancient Earth is not required. MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 2 mL per Liter during the entire grow and bloom phases.

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Expert Grower Level® and Grand Master Grower Level®. BENEFITS and Features: • Reduced pH fluctuations • Increased uptake of micronutrients • Accelerated plant growth • Reduced salinity build-up • Larger flowers • Affordable combination product • Soil conditioner • Enhanced cell communication. Volume: 500

Liquid: mL 250 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

23 L

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Section 4

Blooming and Flowering

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our plants will know it’s time to start budding and flowering when you change the photo period of your lighting from 18 hours on/6 hours off to 12 hours on / 12 hours off. At this point, you need to adjust the nutrient ratios in your reservoir appropriately. With three-part nutrients, this means you mix them differently as you pour them, which you can learn to do with our excellent nutrient calculator at www.advancednutrients.com. As for two-part base nutrients, the ratios are much more fixed and precise in the bottles, as well as particular to your crop’s growth phase. For example, our pH Perfect® Sensi Grow and pH Perfect Sensi Bloom are specifically mixed for two different phases of your plants' lives. And remember, bloom phase is where you can really boost your profits! Do you want to see an explosion of more bud sites per stem? Check out Bud Ignitor, which will also signal your plants to begin budding in about half the normal time. Would you like to get an edge in your market by delivering the sweetest flowers your clients will ever taste? Try Bud Candy. The solution to these problems and more are all here. In the following pages you’ll be introduced to products that have been meticulously crafted to meet every challenge a grower can face in the bloom phase.


Premium

Bud Developer How Can You Get Your Plants Into Bloom Faster And Multiply Their Yields Without Increasing Bloom Time?

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Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering We take a lot of pride in what we do, and we’re sure you’re the same way. We all want our plants to reach their peak bloom phase faster and to produce bigger and better yields. It’s a universal desire for all growers like us because, often, our good name as well as our livelihood depend on the quality of what we produce. That raises a very important question:

How Do We Achieve This Lofty Goal? The first thing we need to do is improve the quality of the actual ingredients being fed to our valuable plants. The idea is to give you a more solid foundation of nutrients for your plants to use to get bigger yields, more colorful flowers, and stronger aroma as well as maximum potency. Next, we need to enhance our plants’ ability to get the maximum absorption of these nutrients. Many growers overlook the importance of absorption, but ensuring that your plants can do a good job of absorbing the nutrients you give them is key to maximizing your harvest. Improving absorption exponentially increases the effectiveness of your nutrients, giving you better bang for your buck.

Interestingly enough, we found that most growers like us aren’t seeing larger yields with other hydro fertilizers because their high value plants have actually developed an aversion to both depleting and over-filling certain fluids in the individual cells of the plants themselves. Obviously, improving your plants’ ability to absorb vital nutrients compounds the effectiveness of the high quality ingredients being used!

The Solution is Like “Speed” For Your Plants: Increased Output and Performance In The Same Time Frame Designed as a front line product and premier alternative to pH Perfect® Sensi Bloom, Advanced Nutrients pH Perfect Connoisseur is capable of delivering yield levels and growth rates in the bloom phase that were unheard of until now, increasing your plants’ productivity and output. This is one of the many reasons we’re proud to call pH Perfect Connoisseur our flagship base nutrient. And it’s all backed up by science.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: I am already using pH Perfect® Sensi Bloom and getting good results, so why should I switch to pH Perfect Connoisseur? ANSWER: pH Perfect Sensi Bloom was the industry's topproducing two-part base until pH Perfect Connoisseur was invented. Now you can get more yield using pH Perfect Connoisseur. QUESTION: You say pH Perfect Connoisseur is best used by professional and grand master growers. Why is that? ANSWER: pH Perfect Connoisseur is the most powerful bloom base ever made. It pushes plants to their maximum genetic potential and beyond. Growers must be very familiar with their plants and with bloom phase growth so that they can monitor and adjust their use of this very strong formula.

QUESTION: Do I have to use bloom boosters with pH Perfect Connoisseur? ANSWER: pH Perfect Connoisseur without bloom boosters performs better than any other two-part formula, even if those formulas are combined with bloom boosters. However, using our proprietary Bigger Yields Flowering System®, you can get even more valuable harvests by using pH Perfect Connoisseur with Bud Ignitor, Big Bud®, Bud Candy and Overdrive, along with the other formulas in our system. QUESTION: What does it mean when you say "five-in-one" product? ANSWER: pH Perfect Connoisseur contains four other formulas that we've sold separately. These formulas were upgraded and custom-blended to enhance pH Perfect Connoisseur's effects. What this means is you are getting far more value than what you are paying for.

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pH Perfect® CONNOISSEUR - 2-Part Premium Base Nutrient To start with, every single one of the micronutrients used in pH Perfect Connoisseur is chelated so that you get maximum absorption and uptake of these amino chelates into your plants. With a theoretical absorption range of pH 1-10, this effectively means you get the highest possible absorption rate of these life-giving micronutrients for as long as your plant is alive! What’s more, Advanced Nutrients has also invested heavily into chelating a high percentage of the macronutrients used in pH Perfect Connoisseur to get your plants to bloom faster and keep them in bloom phase longer! Last but not least, in an effort to maximize every part of your plants’ deepest core levels of plant bloom metabolism and floral production, we developed a proprietary blend of floral growth cofactors to activate and control these elements. These cofactors include amino acids and amino acid precursors essential to protein formation, which promotes cellular metabolism, replication, and other bloom processes. In addition, other proprietary co-factors create enhanced changes in how plants carry out bloom phase functions.

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dvanced Nutrients pH Perfect® Connoisseur is capable of delivering yield levels and growth rates in the bloom cycle that were unheard of until now, increasing your plants' productivity and output. And it’s all backed up by science.

This proprietary 2-part fertilizer formula was developed by a team of 12 PhD scientists working for the leading plant-growing research laboratory in the world.

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Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering Growers Of High Profit Plants Get More Value With This One Simple Scientific Breakthrough If you count on your plants to make you money, you’re going to love pH Perfect Connoisseur! Here’s why commercial growers of rare and profit-producing plants love this comprehensive hydroponics fertilizer formula: • You get a shorter time to peak bloom, meaning you get to sell your plants sooner! • You get more flowers and more weight per flower, which means more money per plant! • You get more aromas, more taste, and more color in your plants, which means you get more satisfied and repeat customers! • The bottom line? You get more profits per crop cycle! Why Not Give pH Perfect Connoisseur A Risk-Free Try Today? You’ve seen how the unique principle of small continuous improvements to each phase of the 2-step base formula produces a more powerful, compounded total yield in your plants. You’ve seen just a few of the most potent, most pure, most effective ingredients in the pH Perfect Connoisseur blend. And you know Advanced Nutrients fully stands behind pH Perfect Connoisseur and every other product they sell with their 100% Full Money Back Guarantee. Either you’re ecstatic about the results you get in your plants or you get your money back.

PRODUCT TYPE: pH Perfect Base Nutrients. GARDEN TYPES: pH Perfect Connoisseur has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum and soil growing mediums. pH Perfect Connoisseur has been developed for use with any and all hydroponic, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain and continuous liquid feed growing systems. WHEN TO USE: From beginning to end of bloom phase. MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 4 mL per Liter during weeks 1 through 6 of your flowering phase. Shake well to take full advantage of this product and put it to work for you.

pH PERFECT

pH Perfect Connoisseur actually changes your plants’ bloom metabolism and timing so that your flowers go into peak bloom earlier and stay there longer, giving you more essential oils and size. The kicker is that your bloom phase doesn’t get any longer. You get heavier, more devastating buds in the same amount of time as your previous crop cycles!

Fast Facts

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Professional Grower Level® and Grand Master Grower Level®. BENEFITS and Features: • More budding sites • Earlier peak flowering • Larger, denser flowers • More essential oils • More aromatics • More taste • More attractive flowers • Higher market price for flowers.

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Enhanced

Bloom Cycles A Quick Guide To Recognizing An Effective Bloom Phase Nutrient

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Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering Let's just be honest – there are a lot of names to choose from when you’re thinking about which bloom phase nutrient formula to feed to your high-value crops. And even though many companies claim that theirs is “the best”, the plain and simple fact is that most of these formulas are missing very important elements. Elements you would expect to find in any and every bloom phase nutrient. You see, the truth is that you don’t have to be an expert or a grand master grower in order make your crops grow bigger, juicier, and more aromatic, and to see them produce incredibly potent buds. All you really need is access to the same secrets these experts use to achieve success in the grow room time and time again.

So… What’s REALLY Missing? There are BIG, vital things missing from most bloom phase nutrients. And even though they may not seem like a big deal at first, when these missing elements are present in your nutrients, they can take your valuable crop from “good” to professional. • The first thing you want to look for when choosing a bloom phase nutrient formula is something to ensure that the nutrients in this formulation get into your plants as quickly as possible. In the business, we call these surfactants. Surfactants are wetting agents used to lower the surface tension of a liquid (in this case, nutrient-rich water).

They allow the liquid to spread more easily and evenly, and help increase the uptake of nutrients into your plants. This will allow your plants to suck up the nutrients they crave more quickly and more efficiently, which will have an incredibly positive effect on your plants’ bloom and yield potential. • The second and third things you’ll want to see in your bloom phase nutrient are humic and fulvic acids. These acids give your plants an edge when it comes to growing quicker, stronger, and bigger than with any other formulation.

Here’s how IT WORKS The humic acid provides natural carrier compounds, which transport nutrients and vitamins into plants more efficiently, so your plants grow faster and have stronger cellular processes. In addition, the fulvic acid gives you quicker nutrient absorption, nutrient transport, and more cellular metabolism. Together, they work synergistically to maximize the time your plants spend in bloom. • Now, the fourth thing you need is amino acids. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. They fuel metabolic pathways for enhanced floral and essential oil production. This is absolutely critical if you want to push your plants to their full potential. • Last but not least is, of course, the actual plant-maximizing nutrients themselves. But, there’s more to know.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: I was perfectly happy with the results I got from the original Sensi Series. Do I have to relearn how to feed my plants if I use the new pH Perfect® Sensi Series? ANSWER: Our Sensi Grow & Bloom has always outperformed all other two-part bases, but you’ll get even better performance from the new version. And it’s actually easier to use now than before!

QUESTION: What can I use with pH Perfect Sensi Grow & Bloom during bloom phase to get larger buds? ANSWER: pH Perfect Sensi Grow & Bloom is customengineered to work with several of our phase-specific formulas, so you get the ultimate in targeted flowerfattening nutrition during bloom phase.

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pH Perfect® Sensi Bloom - 2-Part Base Nutrient

Scientific testing proves that plants crave not only the optimal amounts of macronutrients, but micronutrients too.

How To Get The Optimal Amounts of MacroNutrients and Micronutrients For a Bigger Yield With all of the above in mind, you might be interested to know this: at least one company actually got it right and there is a bloom phase nutrient formula on the market today that actually incorporates all of these indispensable components into one bottle. That bloom phase nutrient formula is pH Perfect® Sensi Bloom. Sensi Bloom contains an organic surfactant called Wet Betty, which does exactly what we discussed earlier – it aids in even dispersion of nutrient-rich liquids so your plants have easier access to everything they need. It also contains organic humic and fulvic acids, just the thing growers like us need. Also, to ensure your plants get the most out of the nutrients you’re feeding them, our scientists rely on chelation to enhance absorption. In fact, this 5-in-1 formula contains the optimum number of chelated macronutrients your plants need for faster growth and bigger blooms. In addition, the following micronutrients are 100% chelated: iron, zinc, manganese, molybdenum, copper, boron, and cobalt, 100

which of course means that your plants more easily absorb and utilize these nutrients, giving you bigger buds and more yields in the same bloom time!

In fact, many growers find that manually checking and adjusting pH levels two times per day in order to try to keep their plants' growth stable and maximized is tiring, time consuming, and one of the biggest challenges of trying to get bigger yields. However, our scientists have discovered how to completely eliminate pH worries forever, thanks to our exclusive pH Perfect® technology. In short, as long as your water falls between 4.5pH and 8.5pH (which is pretty much everyone’s water), this technology automatically adjusts your pH for you and keeps it buffered there throughout your plants’ bloom cycle. That means you’ll never have to manually adjust your pH, and you’ll never have to worry about your plants not being in their premium growing environment; all you have to do is add pH Perfect Sensi Bloom and the pH Perfect technology takes care of all the rest for you!

Maximizing Your Bloom Phase For A Harvest You Can Be Proud Of The benefits of the pH Perfect Sensi Bloom formula have been tested and proven, so you can expect to see better results than you will with any other product. In fact, you’ll see earlier flowering with more budding sites, a shorter internode length with more buds per stem, thicker diameter flowers with better floral structure, and more time in peak bloom because your plants flower earlier. All this adds up to more weight, more aroma, more color, and more potency from your high-value crop. Why You Never Need To Worry About pH Levels again If you’ve ever experienced off-color leaves, slow growth, or low yield with your plants, then you’ve probably noticed these problems coincide with mysterious pH and PPM fluctuations. It’s one of the biggest obstacles to getting professional level yields from your plants.

Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

Surfactants are wetting agents that lower the surface tension of nutrient-rich water, allowing the liquid to spread more easily and evenly, helping increase plant uptake of nutrients.


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The Ideal Ratios, Already Dialed In For You Your plants use a small amount of phosphorus during flowering, but what they really love is nitrogen and potassium. The scientists at Advanced Nutrients discovered this only after taking thousands of weekly tissue samples from the buds, stems, leaves, and roots of many varieties of plants, using gas chromatography analysis throughout all phases of plant growth. Other nutrient companies are overusing phosphorus in hydroponic bloom fertilizers. And to compound problems, they use high levels of ingredients like monoammonium phosphate (MAP) or diammonium phosphate (DAP). These substances are what give some plants their harsh taste. But the good news is that with pH Perfect Sensi Bloom you’re guaranteed to have the correct nutrient ratios for your plants! Advanced Nutrients offers a 100% money back guarantee of satisfaction with this product.

OK, BUT NOTHING SPECIAL

TECHNAFLORA

CANNA BOTANICARE

SENSI BLOOM

ysterious pH and PPM fluctuations are one of the biggest obstacles to getting professional level yields. But with pH Perfect, you never need to worry.

KICK-ASS FERTILIZER

GENERAL HYDROPONICS

HYDROPONICS GROWER SATISFACTION

Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering

VERY UNHAPPY

ADVANCED NUTRIENTS ALWAYS WINS THE GROWER SATISFACTION AWARD. TRY SENSIBLOOM NOW, YOU’LL SEE WHY.to Growers just like you who have compared pHAND Perfect Sensi Bloom competing bloom bases say that pH Perfect Sensi Bloom kicks ass, while the other nutrients are disappointing, not worth the money, and a waste of time and electricity.

PRODUCT TYPE: pH Perfect Base Nutrients. GARDEN TYPES: pH Perfect Sensi Bloom A & B has been developed for use with any and all hydroponics and continuous liquid feed growing systems (aeroponic, drip irrigation and emitters, NFT, flood & drain).

Fast Facts

6 of your blooming phase. Shake well to take full advantage of this product and put it to work for you.

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Hobbyist Level®, Expert Grower Level®, Professional Grower Level® and Grand Master Grower Level®.

WHEN TO USE: Use either pH Perfect Sensi Grow or pH Perfect Sensi Bloom during the appropriate phases of plant cycle.

BENEFITS and Features: • Faster growth and larger yields • Easier to use • Faster absorption • Less work.

MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 4 mL per Liter during weeks 1 through

Volume: Liquid:

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Simply

Perfect What The Bigger Yields Flowering System速 Is All About

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Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering The Bigger Yields Flowering System® is guaranteed to give growers huge yields of the highest quality, without a lot of complicated mixing rates. Simply put, the grower selects which of the bundled levels best suits his or her own skill level and garden, and can then leave the rest up to the proprietary pH Perfect® technology incorporated into these revolutionary crop feeding nutrients. The feeding chart provided with each of the bundles, whether the Hobbyist Level®, Expert Grower Level®, Professional Grower Level®, or Grand Master Grower Level®, has been developed and refined to give crops optimal nutrient levels and ratios for massive yields every time. Advanced Nutrients has developed the first-ever pH Perfect nutrient system for crop feeding. By simply using the value-added, combined formulations, you end up with easier mixing rates and fewer bottles. Add 4 mL of base nutrients, and 2 mL of the additives per Liter, and that’s it. The pH of the solution will instantly correct itself into the optimal range when the components are mixed with water. The formulations contain a proprietary “smart” release of acid and alkaline molecules that will correct the pH to optimum and keep it there. With the Bigger Yields Flowering System, nutrient uptake is unparalleled, thanks to high levels of chelation, a process that makes nutrients more available to plants on a molecular level. The nutrients supplied to the crop will have the highest level of chelation available from any product in the marketplace, ensuring maximum nutrient uptake, under the widest range of growing conditions.

Combining the pH Perfect technology with an unsurpassed level of chelation ensures that the balanced ratios of the formulations used in the Bigger Yields Flowering System are constantly being delivered to and taken up by the plants’ root systems. The formulas take care of the crop from top to bottom, promoting huge root systems, thicker stems, bigger leaves, and the hugest blooms. Advanced Nutrients has added value and simplified the use of the individual products in the system by creating 2-in-1 and even 5-in-1 products. For example, when you add base nutrients, not only will they be adding balanced ratios of chelated macro and micro elements, you will be adding crop enhancers such as humates, fulvates, amino acids, and even a high quality, non-ionic surfactant. These crop enhancers can help to improve the performance of any growing system, whether you like to garden in dirt or produce hydroponically. Each of the growing levels offered gives progressively bigger yields, with growers selecting the level that suits their skill level and needs.

Leonardo’s famous Vitruvian Man drawing demonstrated the “ideal” proportions of man. The Bigger Yields Flowering System promises the same “ideal” levels of all the components needed for growing success.

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Hobbyist Bundle

1L each of Voodoo Juice, Big Bud®, B-52, and Overdrive Voodoo Juice: Hundreds of university studies have shown that bigger roots equal bigger yields. Voodoo Juice produces an enormous root mass during your flowering cycle, which means your plants will support bigger flowers. Voodoo Juice ensures your plants will absorb the maximum amount of nutrients more quickly for optimal flower production. B-52: B-52 contains a unique blend of B vitamins to keep your plants healthy and driving hard during rapid flower formation. Big Bud: The legendary bloom booster containing the perfect ratio of flower-building ingredients and other awesome additives guaranteed to power up flower metabolism and production. Overdrive: You’ve always wanted to max out your flowers at the end phase of your bloom cycle, which is why we’re giving you Overdrive absolutely free. Use it in the last two weeks of bloom phase so that your flowers really pack on the weight.

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How To Spot a Worthwhile Hydroponics
“System” with the Ability to Push your Plants to their Limit Without Breaking the Bank There’s a good chance you’re reading this article because you’ve heard about some of the growing “systems” floating around out there and you want to know, once and for all, which ones are worth the time and money and, even more importantly, which ones are good enough to feed to your precious plants. As it happens, there are several things you want to look for when choosing a beginner or hobbyist level growing system designed to increase your yields without putting a strain on your wallet. Building A Solid Foundation You know as well as anyone that healthy plants start with healthy roots, and that healthy roots are the foundation of a bountiful harvest. Without a healthy and solid root system, your plants won’t have the ability to absorb key nutrients, and could get stuck in a cycle of mediocre growth. That’s why it’s so important for any system you choose to have a high quality microbial supplement. A powerful microbial supplement creates an ideal environment for your root zone, allowing your plants to more efficiently take in nutrients. This means your crop will stay healthier and stronger throughout its life cycle, which gives you a significant increase in yield potential. Another key factor you’ll want to look out for is vitamins.

• Our Limited Edition Special Report: “Operation Money Suck: How to Avoid Money Sucking Growing Mistakes” • Bonus CD: “How New Growers Are Getting Bigger Yields” • Bonus CD: “Big Time Growing”

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Reducing Plant Stress For Increased Growth It’s a shame, but a lot of growers don’t realize the types of plants we grow actually require all types of vitamins in order to reach their full potential. Scientific research has repeatedly proven that B vitamins in particular have a huge positive effect on plants like ours and are absolutely essential to their long term health. Supplementing your grow room with vitamins like B5, B9, B1, B2, B3, and B7 can make a huge difference in yield production and in the overall health of your plants. Enhancing Flower Production One very important factor that is critical to getting the results you want with this system is the right bloom booster. But you have to be very careful about which formula you choose. You see, until recently, there were very big problems with almost all bloom boosters. First, they contained only poorly absorbed forms of phosphorus and potassium (P and K) as the main ingredients. Second, the improper ratios of these ingredients (most provide double the phospherus to potassium) can set your plants up for phosphorus toxicity, which is bad news for flower production and overall plant health, not to mention the smoothness of your final product. These facts make it clear – you definitely want to find a system with a bloom booster consisting of not only an easily absorbable version of these essential ingredients, you also want to make sure that the formula contains the proper ratios for the types of plants we grow. The Finishing Touch The final component you’ll want to look for is a great end-phase bloom enhancer to maximize flower production just before harvest.


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering We all know that the bloom phase in your plants’ life cycle is critically important. It’s when you get to see the results of all your hard work and hydroponic success. Most growers just accept that they will get a few weeks of flowers, and then resign themselves to the fact that blooming declines. However, you can reinvigorate your plants’ flowering if you use the right ingredients during this crucial final phase. When you apply a never-before-used combination of vitamins, organic materials, nutrients, and other ingredients, you can create a renewed burst of resins, scents, terpenoids, size, and other desirable bloom results. That’s why it’s important to choose the right finishing bloom booster during this important time — it can make all the difference in your finishing harvest.

®

The Bigger Yields Flowering System® “bundles” of Hobbyist, Expert, Professional, and Grand Master enhance and build upon each other—exponentially increasing your growing success as you “level up” and add to your starting system. Hobbyist Bundle shown here.

Now, all of these ingredients could act as standalone products and you would most likely see beneficial results by using any of them in your garden. But by combining them all in the same growth cycle, you will see an enormous change in the health and size of your plants and your harvests.

The Next Level In Hydroponics As it happens, here at Advanced Nutrients, we’ve taken all of these factors into account and used this knowledge when putting together our Hobbyist Bigger Yields Bundle. Not only does this system combine all of the essential components we discussed, it also contains a revolutionary technology. And it’s changing the hydroponics world. Let’s be a bit more specific. Remember how you’ve had it drilled into your head that your plants will suffer or even die unless you spend lots of money and time using pH meters, ppm meters, pH up, and pH down? Well it’s not true. You can now slay the pH/PPM dragon for good thanks to the Hobbyist Bigger Yields Bundle and any of Advanced Nutrients’ new 5-in-1 base nutrients. That’s because together they have a new built-in proprietary technology called pH Perfect®, which automatically puts your nutrient solutions’ pH and PPM into the “sweet spot” for optimum growth and flowering, ® eliminating the need to fool around with pH and PPM metering and adjustments. The Bottom Line Here’s the fact of the matter: we have liberated you from ever having to care about pH or PPM again. As if this wasn’t enough, we’ve also figured out how to standardize your products. You use just 4 mL per Liter for the System’s base nutrients, and 2 mL per Liter for all supplements, so mixing and using them is ridiculously simple and quick. When you experience the power and simplicity of the scales-tipping Bigger Yields Flowering System®, you’ll be happy to relax, have fun, and watch your flowers get significantly more valuable than you ever thought possible.

Add any of the AN Base Nutrients

or

or ®

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Results Guaranteed !!!

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Expert Grower Bundle

1L each of Piranha, Bud Candy, and Final Phase Bud Candy has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil growing mediums. Bud Candy has been developed for use with any and all hydroponics, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain and continuous liquid feed growing systems. Piranha has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil growing mediums. Piranha has been developed for use with any and all hydroponics, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain and continuous liquid feed growing systems. Final Phase has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil growing mediums. Final Phase has been developed for use with any and all hydroponics, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain and continuous liquid feed growing systems.

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• Guide: “How to Take Perfect Cuttings Every Time” • Bonus CD: “Cloning for Bigger Yields” • Bonus CD: “Getting Bigger Yields with Organics”

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Move On Up to the Next Level in Bigger, Easier Yields, and No More pH or PPM Metering or Adjusting Ever Again! When you take home this money-saving Expert Grower Bundle and get the benefits of the Bigger Yields Flowering System®, you step up and enter the door to getting proven advantages from the only hydroponics nutrients system guaranteed to give your plants everything they need to produce bigger yields. Not only that, using the System means you can stop worrying about pH and PPM metering and adjusting. Yes, you heard correctly! Just use any of the Bigger Yields Flowering System base nutrients in water that has a pH range from 4.5 to 8.5, and your plants will perfectly absorb all the nutrients they need. You’ll agree that makes growing a whole lot easier for you, doesn’t it? You’re Getting All the Right Ingredients for Maximized Yields Your plants are taken care of from roots to shoots and everything in between with the Expert Grower Bundle, a flowering system base nutrient and our Hobbyist Bundle combined to deliver precise nutrition to every part of your flowering plant. The Expert Grower Bundle gives you so much. Piranha promotes your root mass as well as helps your plants create a thick mat of lateral and vertical roots, enabling your plants to support your larger yields, and it allows your plants to take in nutrients faster during the critical phases of the flowering cycle where gains are won or lost. Bud Candy is like cotton candy for your flowers – gooey, sticky, and radiating with colorful glints of light and sparkles catching your eyes and flying off in every direction. Bud Candy is the world’s only 100% organic aroma, taste, and yield enhancer that also discourages your plants’ mid-bloom stall so that they have the energy to make larger, tastier, more aromatic flowers for you. Final Phase flushes your crops, getting

Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

rid of any leftover residual fertilizer that can sometimes affect the taste of your product. Congratulations. You’re taking the next step to a simple but highly effective Expert Grower Level® that will take your plants further faster, getting you maximum yields like clockwork with every harvest. This Bigger Yields Bundle gives you a free container of Final Phase, the super efficient flushing formula that won’t slow down bud growth or decrease flower size!

You’ll Use the Bigger Yields Bundles & System To Easily Grow Juicier, More Valuable Harvests Now you can have your cake and eat it too. Get the Hobbyist and Expert Bundles and join the many prosperous growers using our simple Bigger Yields Flowering System, guaranteed to give you reliably large harvests. Your Hobbyist and Expert Grower Bigger Yields Bundles are the first two steps on your exciting journey to a place where the huge harvests you’ve always dreamed of are guaranteed to become reality. The bold truth is that at every level of the System – Hobbyist, Expert Grower, Professional Grower, and Grand Master Grower – you get fantastic yields. But when you step up to the next level, you get even larger yields and even more protection for your crops. You’re climbing the stairway to maximum harvests! Combining the Hobbyist AND Expert Bundles Gives You: All the supplements you need for juicier flowers at the Expert Level from your plants’ roots to the top of your flowers and everything in between: • pH Perfect® formulas that work with all the Bigger Yields Flowering System base nutrients, so you can forget about pH and PPM metering and adjusting. Your plants get all the nutrition they need, and you never have to use those meters ever again.


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering • The only specifically engineered hydroponics flowering system with all formulas guaranteed to work together so that your plants give you the largest flowers ever grown. ® • Standardized mixing and measuring, just 4 mL per Liter for the System’s base nutrients and 2 mL per Liter for all supplements. • Exclusive bloom-feeding ingredients for big fat flowers. Oh, another cool thing we almost forgot to tell you about: There’s a free formula in the Hobbyist Bundle and another free formula in the Expert Grower Bundle. Go ahead and start “stacking” your bundles. Take the Expert Grower Bundle home and try it, then decide. It’s backed by a No-Risk 100% Money Back Guarantee, so you won’t even be risking one penny. Then you can see for yourself the bigger yields you’ll be getting. When you use the Hobbyist and Expert Grower Bigger Yields Bundles along with one of our new and improved superpotent base nutrients, you get the easiest, most valuable, and biggest yields ever. In addition to that, you never have to bother with pH or PPM again when you use your Bigger Yields Bundles with any of our base nutrients. That’s right, just mix your Bigger Yields Bundles formulas and our base nutrients in any type of water with a pH range of 4.5 to 8.5 and you’ll see your plants rapidly absorb all the nutrients they need for bigger yields. No pH metering or adjusting needed! And get this: your Bigger Yields Bundles continually fatten your flowers while making them taste so much better. Special carbohydrates and other natural ingredients in Bud Candy make your flowers taste like cotton candy. Unique chelates in Final Phase rinse unused nutrients from your crop to give you a clean, sweet taste that everyone will crave.

Add any of the AN Base Nutrients ®

®

or

The Bigger Yields Flowering System bundles of Hobbyist, Expert Grower, Professional Grower, and Grand Master Grower enhance and build upon each other — exponentially increasing your growing success as you “level up” and add to your starting system. Expert Grower Bundle shown here.

Your entire plant – from your huge root mass to the tops of your gargantuan flowers – is automatically taken care of when you use our Expert Grower and Hobbyist Bigger Yields Bundles along with one of our superb new and improved base nutrients. Best of all, you’re using the only pH Perfect nutrients system guaranteed to give you bigger more consistent yields and much less work. Plus, you never risk even one penny because if for any reason you’re not absolutely delighted just return your bundle for a full refund. Get one of our new and improved base nutrients along with a Hobbyist Bundle and this Expert Grower Bundle, and go to the checkout counter so you can get started on bigger yields right now. As always, we’re dedicated to your gardening success.

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Professional GROWER Bundle THE BIGGER YIELDS FLOWERING SYSTEM® - PROFESSIONAL GROWER LEVEL®

1L each of Tarantula, Nirvana, and Sensizym Tarantula, Nirvana and Sensizym have been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil growing mediums. They have been developed for use with any and all hydroponics, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain and continuous liquid feed growing systems.

Add any of the AN Base Nutrients

THE Bottom line The Bigger Yields Flowering system is organized into four different levels of performance. At the Professional Grower Level®, serious growers with a good level of cropping experience, and growers moving up from the Expert Grower Level®, will increase their yields by a large percentage over the Hobbyist Level®. Overview Growers who have mastered applying a variety of crop enhancers through the growing cycle will be able to follow an enhanced feeding program by applying three more bioenhancers than are available at the Professional Grower Level. The special combination of bacteria, enzymes, carbohydrates, humates, bloom cofactors, and vitamins pushes and supports crops at an increased metabolic rate over other feeding programs. Growers will have bigger root systems and bushier plants to support the extra demand and yields created by driving the crop’s metabolism at higher rates.

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The Bigger Yields Flowering System bundles of Hobbyist, Expert Grower, Professional Grower, and Grand Master Grower enhance and build upon each other — exponentially increasing your growing success as you “level up” and add to your starting system. Professional Grower Bundle shown here.

Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

Products in the Professional arsenal: Tarantula promotes naturally occurring growth factors that help to increase plant leaf and root mass for bigger yields. The beneficial bacteria in the liquid suspension will quickly colonize the growing medium and root system when applied with the nutrients in the Bigger Yields Flowering System. The diverse species of bacteria in the formula form symbiotic (mutually beneficial) relationships with the growth medium and directly with the root system. Some of the bacterium selected are able to help reduce the effects of stresses in the root zone, convert organic residues to plant-available substances, and naturally release beneficial growth cofactors. Nirvana stimulates a higher metabolic rate of activity in crops, promoting faster growth rates and larger yields. Nirvana is formulated by combining organic bloom stimulants with premium quality compost tea. Water, nutrients, light energy, and carbon dioxide can be processed by the plant at faster rates, stimulating higher levels of production. Vitamins, carbohydrates, amino acids, and bloom cofactors created in the perfect ratios trigger the plant to produce at a higher rate. Plants will tend to have tighter internodes through flowering, making better use of artificial light sources for higher yields. Sensizym is proven ®to create healthier growing mediums, reduce food sources for pathogens, and improve nutrient availability in all types of growing systems. The blend of over 80 digestive enzymes contained in the formula is highly bioactive and naturally occurring. The enzymes quickly digest fertilizers, decaying roots, and other organic matter, converting it into a source of energy for plant growth. Growers using Sensizym in their feeding program will keep root membranes cleaner and free of debris that can impede the rapid absorption of nutrients, thereby creating bigger yields.


Grand Master Grower Bundle THE BIGGER YIELDS FLOWERING SYSTEM GRAND MASTER GROWER LEVEL® ®

® THE Bottom line The Bigger Yields Flowering System is organized into four different levels of performance. At the Grand Master Level, you can expect a huge increase in performance over the Hobbyist Level.

Overview Products available to growers at the Grand Master Grower Level use powerful plant enhancers that will increase crop weight and reduce cropping time, and are combined with the nutrients and additives used through the Hobbyist, Expert Grower, and Professional Grower Levels. These powerful plant enhancers will also increase essential oil production, and promote a stronger and faster flowering response, while creating plants that are more resistant to the stresses of intensive growing environments. Growers who have mastered the cropgrowing environment and want to achieve the ultimate results possible will benefit the greatest from choosing the Grand Master Grower bundle. Products in the Grand Master arsenal: Bud Ignitor creates a stronger and quicker flowering response in crops when switching from vegetative growth into the bloom phase. Plants are able to channel more energy into creating blooms rather than leaf growth, increasing yields and reducing cropping time. Bud Ignitor is added the first week of initiating the bloom phase in order to trigger a faster flowering response. Bud Ignitor will also decrease internodal distances, giving growers more fruits and flowers instead of stems at harvest time.

®

1L each of Bud Ignitor, Bud Factor X, and Rhino Skin The Bigger Yields Flowering System bundles of Hobbyist, Expert Grower, Professional Grower, and Grand Master Grower enhance and build upon each other — exponentially increasing your growing success as you “level up” and add to your starting system. Grand Master Grower Bundle shown here.

Rhino Skin protects plants from excessive water loss in hot and dry environments and promotes a stronger resistance to foliar diseases and insects such as spider mites. The ingredients in the formulation are quickly absorbed and create an effective barrier between the plant and potential damage from environmental conditions and insects. Food-grade silicate, an ingredient in the formulation, is translocated by the plant into the spaces between plant cells and into the cell wall, creating hardier and tougher plant cells. Rhino Skin is used throughout the flowering phase and allows other key ingredients in the formula to increase flower and fruit densities, creating bigger yields. Bud Factor X creates superior quality yields by triggering the plant to create more resins and terpenoids. Bioactive components and cofactors stimulate this natural process. Higher quality harvests are created by enticing the plants' inherent response to produce and secrete essential oils. Plants also become less likely to fall victim to insect attacks and flower diseases, but are able to maintain the photosynthetic process at increased rates under intensive growing conditions.

Bud Ignitor, Bud Factor X and Rhino Skin have been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil growing mediums. They have been developed for use with any and all hydroponics, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain and continuous liquid feed growing systems.

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Fast Flowers How To Get Flowering In 5 Days Instead of 10

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Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering What you need to know By feeding your plants certain nutrients and co-factors, you can shift their focus from growing stems to growing flowers, influencing them to grow more flowers in less time than they would without those nutrients and co-factors. Do it right, and you can see signs of flowering in about five days instead of ten. You’ll also see bigger, healthier, more profitable flowers because the more quickly they reach peak bloom phase, the bigger they’ll be come harvest time. The problem Finding the right nutrients and co-factors, and blending them in the correct ratios isn’t always easy. Our solution Bud Ignitor is created specifically to give you more flowers in less time. Bud Ignitor will create more flowering sites and ignite faster flowering response in your highvalue plants, resulting in bigger yields. It will even reduce cropping times in general so that you can grow an extra half- to one full crop per year.

The details When plants transition from vegetative growth to flowering, they undergo tremendous change. By using special extracts from kelp, the nutrient ratios and proprietary co-factors in Bud Ignitor will amplify your plant’s natural flowering response so that you’ll see blooming faster. What you can expect from Bud Ignitor • Heightened essential oil production • Bigger, easier yields - just pour in 2 mL per Liter when you transition between photoperiods to trigger the bloom phase. • Optimal levels of pure phosphate and potassium to give you bigger flowers, faster. • An extra ½ to 1 crop per year. • More time in peak bloom phase rather than wasted energy and time developing more stem and leaf growth. As you can see, Bud Ignitor is one of our simpler, more focused products. But make no mistake, what it lacks in complexity, it more than makes up for in performance. You are guaranteed more profitable flowers, and in greater number.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: Bud Ignitor looks pretty strong. Is it going to raise my ppm? ANSWER: Bud Ignitor is concentrated and powerful. If you are using it as a standalone formula without also using our Bigger Yields Flowering System®, you should monitor ppm. You’ll probably see it go up about 200 ppm. But when you use Bud Ignitor in our System, pH and ppm are already balanced for you so that you don’t have to think about it at all. QUESTION: Looks like Bud Ignitor is going to give me a big boost. Why do I need to use any other bloom boosters?

ANSWER: Your plants have a bloom season, but during that season, they need different types of ingredients to produce larger, more potent buds. Bud Ignitor starts your season by rapidly creating numerous budding sites and earlier flowers. Later on, your plants need different formulas as they move into peak bloom and then to harvest. QUESTION: Should I use Bud Ignitor as a foliar feed? ANSWER: No. The ingredients are designed to be fed into roots, where they will be absorbed, converted, and transported up into your plants to increase your floral development and quality.

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BUD IGNITOR - Bloom Phase Initiator

B

EARLY FLOWER DEVELOPMENT & NUMBER OF BUDDING SITES

Early development & number of budding sites

ud Ignitor is created specifically to give you more flowers in less time. With Bud Ignitor

Without Bud Ignitor

Bud Ignitor gives you significant percentage increases in how soon your flowers start forming, and in how many flowers your plants form. This adds up to larger, earlier harvests.

By using special extracts from kelp, the nutrient ratios and proprietary co-factors in Bud Ignitor will amplify your plant’s natural flowering response so you’ll see blooming faster.

Fast Facts PRODUCT TYPE: Early-Phase Bud Bulker.

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Grand Master Grower Level®.

GARDEN TYPES: Bud Ignitor has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil growing mediums. Bud Ignitor has been developed for use with any and all hydroponic, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain, drip emitters, and continuous liquid feed growing systems.

BENEFITS and Features: • Bigger yields • More budding sites • Earlier floral development • Savings of time and money • Larger flowers • More essential oils • More crop cycles per year.

WHEN TO USE: Use in the first two weeks of bloom phase.

Volume:

MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 2 mL per Liter during the first 2 weeks of your flowering phase.

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Liquid:

250 mL

500 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

23 L


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Maximum Mass How swelling root mass increases yield potential

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Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering What you need to know By now, I’m sure you’re aware that your roots are what provide your plants with just about everything they need to grow. The greater your plants’ root mass is, the stronger, healthier, and BIGGER you plants will be. By using beneficial fungi to increase your plants’ root mass, you’ll be taking advantage of an incredible method of maximizing your garden’s production. Beneficial fungi are valuable tools, but it’s important to note that it really does matter what type of fungi you use and where those fungi come from. Here’s the problem In order to reap the benefits of beneficial fungi, you need to add the right types of the two major varieties of beneficial fungi: Endomycorrhiza and Ectomycorrhiza. Endomycorrhiza and Ectomycorrhiza are the biggest names in beneficial fungi and both have been proven to increase mass and root function in the types of plants we grow. When used together, and correctly, they can have a potent effect on the size and efficiency of your precious plants’ root systems. In addition, it’s important to realize how critical the source of your supplement is. When a hydroponics company makes the choice to save time, effort, and money by hiring a third-party company to bulk

produce or bulk combine microbes without testing them for specific plant appropriateness or microbial compatibility, it’s usually the individual grower like you who suffers. That’s really just a fancy way of saying, that if you want a fungi supplement to actually work for your plants, you’ll have to find one that is designed especially for the plants you grow.

Our solution Piranha, the beneficial fungi supplement from Advanced Nutrients, is a blend of twelve species of endomycorrhizal and ectomycorrhizal fungi. And Piranha is never outsourced. In fact, Advanced Nutrients is the only hydroponics nutrient company in the world manufacturing all our microbial products ourselves, with a full-time Ph.D. microbiologist personally supervising all aspects of production. That’s how we ensure the finished product is best suited to the special plants we care for. These carefully selected and isolated species of fungi occur naturally in healthy soils and root systems, and are cleanly sourced. The fungi colonize and grow in the root system and growing medium to provide an enormous number of benefits to the crop.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: Is Piranha going to get me bigger buds in soil and in an organic program, or is it just for hydroponics? ANSWER: Piranha enhances growth and yield in any type of gardening situation, including soil and organics. It is a 100% organic formula. QUESTION: My friend told me that Piranha can be used with some other of your formulas to get even more impact. Is this true?

ANSWER: It’s true. Using Piranha with our two other beneficial microbes products (Voodoo Juice and Tarantula) will create a fertile, naturally enhanced root zone for strong plants and maximum harvests. QUESTION: Does Piranha leave a bad residue? ANSWER: Piranha foliar spray leaves no toxic residue. We always recommend that you lightly mist your flowers about a week before harvest, and then don’t apply any more foliars after that.

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PIRANHA - Root Zone Enhancer / Plant Nutrition Support What it does for you Piranha introduces beneficial fungal microorganisms into growing mediums and plants to promote healthier crops, bigger root systems, and increased nutrient uptake for bigger yields. Also, Piranha helps to protect crops from common stresses that occur when growing indoors.

B

y using beneficial fungi that increase your plants’ root mass, you'll be taking advantage of an incredible method of maximizing your garden's production.

The details Trichoderma fungi are microscopic living organisms that thrive in the root environment. They are highly aggressive towards bacteria and fungi that are “unfriendly” to plants, thereby helping to prevent and control many root diseases and disorders. Mycorrhizae are a type of fungi that live on and inside plant roots. Each of our microbial strains is individually bred in a purpose-built 10,000-liter breeding reactor. Our microbes are later taken to an evaporation tower and gently dried. Then the Piranha super strains are carefully recombined. How it works The microbial strains form a “symbiotic” or beneficial relationship with the plant. The plant’s roots secrete and exude wastes that act as a food source to the mycorrhizal fungi, nourishing them and allowing for them to multiply. In return, the mycorrhizae act as an extension of

Microbial strains form a “symbiotic” or beneficial relationship with the plant. The plant’s waste feeds the microbes and the microbes enhance the plants root system, maximizing plant growth rate.

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BIGGER

MORE POTENT FLOWERS

PROTECTS PLANTS FROM ROT DISEASES STRESS

700%

ROOT MASS INCREASE

Piranha increases root mass so you get stronger plants that produce more valuable harvests.

the plant’s own root system, delivering the plant more water and nutrients so that the plant will secrete more waste to them as it grows at an increased rate. When active colonies of trichoderma fungi from Piranha are present, potential pathogens may not multiply to reach infection levels due to the control achieved by the various trichoderma fungi. Larger root systems are able to absorb and store more water and nutrients, helping to protect plants from over-feeding. Plants treated with Piranha will have much larger and healthier root systems, giving crops the ability to channel more water and nutrients into heavy blooms and fruits while reducing the stress on the plant. All that adds up to one thing: bigger yields.

How to use For bigger yields in hydroponics, aeroponics, soil, or soilless gardens, Piranha is best applied as soon as cuttings or seedlings begin to establish roots. Piranha can also be used as a pretreatment in new growing mediums or to recondition organic growing mediums for reuse.


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering • Helping roots gain surface mass. • Maximizing production of floral essential oils, increasing and adding depth to both flavor and aroma. • Increasing the overall health and wellbeing of your entire crop by giving your plants the ability to gather vital nutrients during times of high stress.

Each of Piranha’s microbial strains is individually bred in a purpose-built 10,000 liter breeding reactor. Our microbes are later taken to an evaporation tower and gently dried. Then the Piranha super strains are carefully recombined.

Final Thoughts The bottom line is this: Piranha is the best beneficial fungi supplement on the market, designed specifically for the types of plants you grow, and it has a ton of great

benefits to offer, such as: • Maximizing root absorption of oxygen, nutrients, and water. • Maximizing root growth for optimum yields.

PRODUCT TYPE: Root Mass Expander.

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Expert Grower Level®, Professional Grower Level® and Grand Master Grower Level®.

GARDEN TYPES: Piranha has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir and other growing media. Piranha has been developed for use with any and all hydroponics and continuous liquid feed growing systems (aeroponic, drip irrigation and emitters, NFT, flood & drain). WHEN TO USE: Cloning, early seedlings, transplanting, early grow phase, early bloom phase. MIXING DIRECTIONS: Liquid: Use 2 mL per Liter during weeks 1 and 2 of your flowering phase. Powder: Use 1g per Liter during weeks 1 to 2 of bloom phase.

Piranha is guaranteed to improve yields, root systems, and crop health because the correct combinations and ratios of these highly specialized microorganisms have been carefully researched to create the best possible formulation. If you want to take advantage of the growth maximizing effects of symbiotic beneficial fungi, then Piranha is the logical choice.

Fast Facts

BENEFITS and Features: • Maximizes root absorption of oxygen, nutrients and water • Maximizes root growth for optimum yields • Helps your roots gain surface mass • Maximizes production of floral essential oils • Maximizes aromatics • Ensures higher survival rate for clones and seedlings • Powder is OMRI Certfied Organic. Volume: Liquid: 250 mL

500 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

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Protect

Your Roots How to Properly Inoculate Your Root Zone with Beneficial Bacteria

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Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering What you need to know Your root zone is a battleground of helpful and harmful bacteria. So, for best yields, the goal is simple: maximize helpful bacteria and eliminate harmful bacteria. The problem There are tens of thousands of beneficial bacteria to choose from. To inoculate your root zone so that you can grow competitive, high-value buds, you need the strongest, most effective types of bacteria and in the right amounts. Our solution Tarantula is a powdered microbial inoculate, that contains billions of dormant beneficial microbes that will colonize the plant when applied to the root zone or foliage. What does it do exactly? A few things. First, it improves growth rates, which translates into bigger yields. Second, it protects your roots from diseases. Last, Tarantula protects your plants from environmental stresses like heat, which is an ever-present obstacle under intense indoor lighting. The commonly used black plastic pots, for example, can get very hot under

high-intensity lighting. When your plants are small, without much foliage or canopy to provide protection, your plants are highly exposed. Tarantula solves this problem. The commonly used black plastic pots, for example, can get very hot under highintensity lighting. And when the plants are small, without much foliage or canopy, the plants are fully exposed with minimal protection. Tarantula solves this problem.

The details • Bacteria in Tarantula help break down organic matter in the root zone for increased nutrient availability. • Decomposing organic matter is the preferred breeding ground for harmful bacteria. By having friendly bacteria eat this decomposing material and turn it into food for your plants, you’re not only removing pathogenic threats, you’re feeding your plants extra highquality food that otherwise wouldn’t be available. • When using Tarantula, you can expect an observable, day-and-night difference in your plants within a couple of weeks of first use. Expect to see tighter internodal spacing, and therefore better, bushier branching.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: I see that you also have two other formulas that go into the root zone. Will I get more benefits if I use all three, or can I just use Tarantula? ANSWER: It’s true that we offer Voodoo Juice beneficial microbes and Piranha beneficial fungi, both of which have unique root and yield enhancing benefits. We offer those formulas and Tarantula because the combined array of beneficial elements when using the three together gives you the most dynamic, supernaturally performing root zone that revs up your roots, plant growth, and yield size. You can definitely use any of our beneficial products by themselves and get increased growth and yield, but used together, they get you the healthiest and most productive plants possible. QUESTION: My buddy used your Voodoo, Tarantula and Piranha and said his roots got humongous. Can that be a problem?

ANSWER: Your plants’ roots will get as big as they can get given the space they’re growing in. This will give you more root support for bigger yields. We’ve never seen a case where the roots got so big that it caused problems for growers. QUESTION: I grow all organic in soil. Why do I still need to use beneficial microbes? ANSWER: If you could import the richest, healthiest, most undisturbed and fertile outdoor soil into your garden, you’d have a rich broth of beneficial microbes. But that kind of soil will also have pathogens and insects in it, and it is usually not the right porosity or pH for your types of plants or gardening. Truth be told, most soil you buy is either biologically dead, or it’s diseased. By adding the right types of beneficial microbes to your soil, you ensure that only beneficial elements gain dominance there.

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TARANTULA - Bacterial Microbial Root Colonizer • The driving force behind the power of Tarantula is biodiversity, which is especially useful for inert growing mediums like rockwool. • Of the tens of thousands of species and subspecies of bacteria, our researchers have managed to confirm which ones actually go to work for the specific highvalue crops you grow.

How it works The key word here is biodiversity. Specifically, there are 11 species of bacteria, each chosen by our in-house scientists, that provide 1.4 billion colony-forming units per gram. This makes for a very potent bacteria inoculate. Each of these 11 species falls into one of three major categories of bacteria type. Bacteria Type #1: Bacillus This is the strongest of the three and is extremely hostile toward anaerobic bacteria (the bad guys). How strong is it? It’s used as a litmus test for autoclaves in the lab. If the high-pressure saturated steam from an autoclave isn’t fully functional, bacillus species will survive the onslaught. That makes them a very strong ally to have in your root zone.

STRONGER ROOTS

INCREASE

YOUR GROWTH RATE AND YIELD

DESIGNED BY

PROTECT YOUR PLANTS

SPECIALLY-BRED MICROBES

SCIENTISTS

Tarantula works for your plants in every type of hydroponics and soil system, guaranteeing you increased harvest rewards.

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Also, some bacillus species included in Tarantula secrete enzymes that improve nutrient uptake. These enzymes break down organic matter, helping to improve nutrient availability and remove decomposing material, which is the ideal breeding ground for pathogenic bacteria. Once bacillus has set up shop, which it does quickly, it also paves the way for other desirable bacteria in Tarantula. Bacteria Type #2: Arthrobacter Arthobacter are nitrogen fixing and growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR), that colonize plant roots and release indole acetic acid, (the most well known auxin, a plant growth hormone) into plant sap directly. They show antifungal activity and increase siderophores (which chelate and absorb iron). Bacteria Type #3: Paenibacillus Paenibacillus are also efficient nitrogen fixing PGPR, which are able to take atmospheric nitrogen and convert it to ammonia which the plants can directly use. They also do a lot of work improving nutrient availability most importantly phosphorous, which works along with potassium in the bloom phase to bring you great yields. Paenibacillus release cytokinin, a plant growth hormone that promotes cell division and help regulate leaf formation, mitotic division, differentiation and branching. 

When can you apply Tarantula? We don’t recommend applying Tarantula until your plants have started rooting. As soon as plants have developed a small set of roots, usually about a week after root initiation, you can begin applying Tarantula. This is because the bacteria will only really “stick” to the roots when plants are present. Applying Tarantula too early severely diminishes its effectiveness. Once your colonies of bacteria have set up and created these web-like structures, they’re starting to stand on their own. Tarantula can be used with nutrients, or just plain water as a root drench.

Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

Optimized biodiversity in the rhizosphere means bigger, healthier, more profitable yields for the grower.

Tarantula can also be used as a foliar spray, but will require much more product. If you do want to use Tarantula as a foliar spray, we highly recommend using Wet Betty surfactant as well, as it will increase Tarantula’s effectiveness noticeably.

T

arantula is a powdered microbial inoculate containing billions of dormant beneficial microbes that will colonize your plants when applied to the root zone or foliage.


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering As a foliar spray, the concentration is 2 grams per liter, while as a root drench the concentration is 0.3 grams per liter. That means you won’t have to use much more than a liter for a crop covered by a 1000watt light.

Final thoughts Advanced Nutrients was one of the first companies in the marketplace to introduce this sort of inoculate. And while other hydroponics companies have followed suit, none to date have matched Tarantula's diversity, concentrations and ratios of beneficial bacteria. Tarantula has a very stable shelf life. Because it's in a powder formulation, it can stand a couple years on the shelf, and won't smell like liquid bottles would. Tarantula has been proven for years to give you a night and day difference you can observe within a week or two of the first use.

How often should you apply Tarantula? At first, you should apply it frequently, whether it’s just with water, or with water and nutrients. For several weeks you should keep up a steady pace until colonization is established. See bottle for specifics. Are there products that help tarantula work better? Yes. Piranha, Voodoo Juice, and Bud Factor X are the best allies to Tarantula.

Our plant scientists have spent years studying tissue samples, in scrutinizing detail, to understand the special types of plants you grow, and exactly what helps them reach their full potential.

So there you have it. You now know what Tarantula does, how, and why it's important. Remember though, you'll also need a good fungi inoculate for optimal performance. See the Piranha page for more info.

Fast Facts PRODUCT TYPE: Root Mass Expander. GARDEN TYPES: Tarantula has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil growing mediums. Tarantula has been developed for use with any and all hydroponic, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain, drip emitters, and continuous liquid feed growing systems. WHEN TO USE: Early growing phase, seedlings, cloning, first phase of bloom cycle. MIXING DIRECTIONS: Liquid: Use 2 mL per liter (1 g in powder form) during weeks 1 and 2 of your bloom phase. Powder: Use 1g per Liter during weeks 1 to 2 of

bloom phase.

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Professional Grower Level® and Grand Master Grower Level®. Benefits and Features: • Natural, more fertile root zone • Bigger yields • Plant protection and faster growth • Resistance to disease and stress • Increased nutrient uptake • Increased light intake and photosynthesis rates • Powder is OMRI Certified Organic. Volume:

Liquid:

250 mL

500 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

23 L Powder:

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Turn Big Buds Into

Big Yields

What Does an Effective Bloom Booster Look Like (and Is Yours Even Working)?


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering If you use bloom boosters, you are most likely hoping to see significant gains in your harvest for the money you spend. The sad thing is that most bloom boosters don’t measure up to the high standards of professionals like you. In fact, until recently, poorly absorbed forms of phosphorus and potassium (P and K) were the main ingredients in most bloom boosters. Worse still, almost all bloom boosters have incorrect ratios or types of phosphorus and potassium. Most provide double the amount of phosphorus to potassium, which is useless because your plants need much more potassium than phosphorus during bloom phase. Also, when too much phosphorus is dumped into your plants, it creates a potential for phosphorus toxicity working against flower production and overall plant health. It may even make your crops taste harsh, hurting your throat and lungs.

What Are The Benefits? Studies show floral production revs up most when your plants get the full range and correct forms of substances called amino acids (which are the building blocks of proteins, terpenoids, phenols, and alkaloids).

That means you want to give 20 “L-form” amino acids to your plants, with especially important doses of L-tryptophan, L-Cysteine, L-Glutamate, and L-Glycine. This is because your plants utilize L-tryptophan to create an important floral growth hormone called indole acetic acid (IAA). Boosting synthesis of IAA creates larger flowers with more potency. L-Cysteine provides sulphur, and along with L-Glycine, is a prime element in formation of an internal plant protective compound called glutathione. Plants respond to bloom phase stress by making glutathione, which has a number of functions, including helping plants deal with heat stress, other environmental stressors, and free radicals. Tissue samples show that, because many hydroponics nutrients provide no amino acids, and because indoor gardening is inherently stressful to plants, many plants have glutathione deficiency, slowing metabolic functions. All this results in lower yields.

Our Solution The bottom line is this: Ascorbic acid, all 20 L-form amino acids, potassium and phosphorus are found in the correct

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: Can I use Big Bud® as my only bloom booster, or should I use it with other bloom boosters you recommend? ANSWER: Big Bud can be used as a stand-alone bloom booster, and you will see bigger buds as a result. Additionally, our research shows that using our bloom booster series (Bug Ignitor, Big Bud, Bud Candy, and Overdrive) will result in even larger and more valuable products. QUESTION: Will I have problems with over-fertilization when I use Big Bud with your potent base nutrients? ANSWER: Our scientists have designed customized programs for each of our base nutrients, so you can use Big Bud as directed by the base feed chart and get bigger buds with no worries about nutrient burn. When you use Big Bud as part of the

Bigger Yields Flowering System®, the System is configured to balance pH and PPM to optimum levels so you don’t have to be concerned about them. QUESTION: Why does Big Bud come in a liquid formulation? ANSWER: The liquid formulation provides more absorption and is easier for growers to use. QUESTION: What can I count on regarding the crop size increase that Big Bud gives me? ANSWER: Depending on your strain, growing conditions, and what level you are on in our Bigger Yields Flowering System, you varying rates of significant increase in harvest weight from Big Bud.

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BIG BUD - Bloom Booster

W

20%

BIG BUD

SUGAR DADDY

HYDROPLEX

10%

KOOL BLOOM

ratios in Big Bud®, an easy-to-use, bud-potentiating liquid created by our scientists. Here’s what you’re guaranteed to see when you use Big Bud®: • More flowers • More potent flowers • Larger, heavier, denser flowers • Liquid formula for easier mixing and absorption • Flowers with more essential oils, aromatics, terpenoids, phenols, and other potency factors • Measurable, significant increases in overall harvest weight and market value.

YIELD INCREASE

hen you look at the facts and see the results, you have to agree that Big Bud offers you a convenient, reliable way to deliver a unique suite of bud-potentiating ingredients into your flowering plants.

0%

BIG BUD ABSOLUTELY DELIVERS LARGER YEILDS

Fast Facts PRODUCT TYPE: Mid- or All-Phase Bud Bulkers. GARDEN TYPES: Big Bud has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, and other growing media. It has been developed for use with any and all hydroponics and continuous liquid feed growing systems (aeroponic, drip irrigation and emitters, NFT, flood & drain). WHEN TO USE: Peak bloom phase. MIXING DIRECTIONS: Liquid: Use 2 mL per Liter during weeks 2 through 4 of your bloom phase. Powder: Add 10 grams per 20 liters in your reservoir for weeks 2 to 5 of bloom phase.

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Big Bud delivers larger yields THANabsolutely ANYCOMPETING BLOOM BOOSTER! than any competing bloom booster!

Get yourself the world’s most popular and legendary bud builder that puts the BIG in your buds!

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Hobbyist Level®, Expert Grower Level®, Professional Grower Level® and Grand Masters Grower Level®. BENEFITS and Features: • Larger, denser flowers • More essential oils • More aroma and taste • More attractive flowers • Higher market price for flowers • Larger harvests • More production per watt during lasts weeks of bloom phase. Volume:

Liquid:

250 mL

500 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

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23 L Powder:


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Get Some

Sugar How To Make Your Buds Especially Tasty And Profitable


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering What you need to know If you're growing a high-value crop, then you need to stand out in your market. One of the best ways to do this is to develop a connoisseur-level taste in your product. One reliable way to develop connoisseurlevel taste is to use a combination of simple and complex carbohydrates and natural ingredients that will help your plants grow sweet and tasty. What these ingredients do The simple and complex carbohydrates will keep your plants focused on growing. When your plants have to spend energy on creating these carbohydrates for themselves, they lose potential size and potency. With the right blend of carbohydrates supplemented, however, your plants can spend 100% of their time focused on growing tasty and profitable for you. Other natural ingredients and proprietary extracts can help your plants absorb nutrients better, maintain stress-free growing and give them a sweeter taste and aroma. You’ll be able to compete against any grower, indoor or outdoor, and still turn a healhy profit.

Our Solution Bud Candy by Advanced Nutrients is a very simple way to get all of the benefits mentioned above. In fact, Advanced Nutrients scientists have observed you can count on the following benefits from Bud Candy: • Improved taste • Better aroma • Faster growth • Larger yields • Increased potency The Details Bud Candy is part of the Bigger Yields Flowering System, a combination of Advanced Nutrients products designed to deliver you the best harvest possible. Bud Candy supplements the natural carbohydrate and sugar reserves which gives the plant more energy for creating heavier yields. And, helps to unlock, within the plant's genetic potential, the natural and delicious flavors and aromas in flowers and fruits.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: Is Bud Candy an all-organic formula, and will it work well if I am using synthetic nutrients? ANSWER: Yes, Bud Candy is 100% organic so it fits perfectly with an organic program. It also powers your flowers when you are using synthetic nutrients. QUESTION: Should I keep using Big Bud and CarboLoad to get bigger flowers while using Bud Candy?

ANSWER: Our bloom system combines Big Bud and Bud Candy during a specific period of time in bloom phase because the two formulas complement each other for increased floral size and quality. Bud Candy contains the powerful sugars that CarboLoad contains, so you save money by not having to use CarboLoad. You’ll see maxed floral growth using our two formulas together.

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BUD CANDY - Bloom Booster, Taste/Aroma Enhancer, Plant Protector

37% MORE POTENT

29% LARGER YIELDS

50% 43% FASTER GROWTH

59% BETTER AROMA

100%

67% BETTER TASTE

POSITIVE RESPONSES FROM CROP TESTERS

How is this accomplished? By getting the most out of every chemical reaction your plant goes through. Your plants will naturally create their own carbohydrates for energy through photosynthesis. However, when your plant is stressed, these natural resources can be taxed. When that happens, your harvest suffers, because energy that could be used for growing is being used for handling stress, and growing stalls. Carbohydrates are metabolized in almost every chemical process within a plant. When your plants have an abundance of carbohydrates, all of the chemical processes, from photosynthesis to DNA synthesis, run much more efficiently, giving your plant metabolic leverage to grow. As any grower knows, there are all kinds of plant stress; from pests to pathogens, transplanting, light, environmental elements... and every grow cycle will be a an exercise is fending these off. So, ensuring your plants have a storehouse of high-quality carbohydrates,

PROFESSIONAL GROWERS IN A BLIND CROP TEST FOUND BUD CANDY IMPROVES FLAVOR, AROMA, GROWTH, PC, AND YEILD OF YOUR CROPS

Blind taste tests conducted by experienced growers and connoisseurs showed that Bud Candy buds have better flavor, aroma, potency & market value.

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ready to handle any and all challenges, will go a long way toward ensuring a bumper harvest.

Not All Carbohydrates Are Created Equally There are different classes of carbohydrates, and different types of carbohydrates within those classes. The classes are as follows: monosaccharide, disaccharide and polysaccharides. “Saccharide”, from the Greek σάκχαρον (sákkharon), means “sugar”. And so “mono”, “di”, and “poly” are prefixes for “one”, “two” and “many” respectively. Within these classes, carbohydrates are further distinguished by other chemical properties, and a slight difference in the chemical make up of a carbohydrate can make a significant difference to the plant's ability to utilize it. What Makes Bud Candy Special Specifically? Like all Advanced Nutrients products, what makes Bud Candy stand out is the research and development. For example, beneficial bacteria will absorb much of

Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

the extra carbohydrates you introduce into the root zone. Which strains of those bacteria are present will make a difference in how your roots use the carbohydrates introduced by a supplement. There are also plant specific preferences for particular carbohydrates. Tomatoes and sugar beets tend to absorb sucrose much more readily than glucose. Melons are just the opposite, preferring glucose to sucrose. Of the 15 ingredients in Bud Candy, seven are scientifically tested and chosen carbohydrates with a dramatic and specific effect on the root zone of the types of plants you grow.

The Best Way To Apply A Carbohydrate Supplement The best way to apply a carbohydrate supplement is directly to the roots. That's where most of the action is happening. Carbohydrate supplements like Bud Candy can be used effectively as foliar sprays as well, but with caution. Because sugars in Bud Candy run the risk of gumming up your plants' stomata (tiny pores your plants breathe through), thus choking them.


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering If you're going to use Bud Candy as a foliar spray, use lightly. For details, ask your local hydroponic store for a demonstration.

What Makes Bud Candy Special? • Research And Development. All ingredients in Bud Candy are field tested by our plant scientists. The criteria for evaluation of these ingredients are all highly focused toward higher quality yields. • Ratios. It's not just about what's in Bud Candy, but how much, and how all of these ingredients work together. Bud Candy works like a highly trained team to accomplish its mission successfully. • Calibrated for hydroponics. Growing hydroponically is not the same as growing in soil, and using sugars as a supplement has inherent risks. The most common is clogging your reservoir or stomata. Careful measures have been taken to ensure the efficiency of Bud Candy, and none of these problems should surface when the correct doses are applied. PRODUCT TYPE: Bud Enhancer. GARDEN TYPES: Bud Candy has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil growing mediums. Bud Candy has been developed for use with any and all hydroponic, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain, drip emitters, and continuous liquid feed growing systems. WHEN TO USE: During bloom phase. MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 2 mL per Liter during weeks 1 through 6 of your flowering phase.

Compatibility. Bud Candy is a force multiplier for other supplements like beneficial bacteria and humic and fulvic acids. It works very well with both types of products for even more dramatic results come harvest time. • Optimal pH. As part of the Bigger Yields Flowering System, Bud Candy works with all pH perfect products to balance your pH automatically.

Tips for using bud candy • Not recommended as a foliar spray for those without experience or a good teacher (sugars can gum up underside of leaves, so that it can't breathe or transpire correctly). You can start to apply Bud Candy in about the second week of flowering, all the way through flushing. The more time this product is used for, the more effective it is.

There's no other product like Bud Candy because there are so many specific, high-quality ingredients chosen for their performance in plant-specific tests. But similar products are: Botanicare's – Citrus, Original and Sweet formulations. 8 m/gallon in Bud Candy vs 10-15 m/gallon for Botanicare's formulas. Bud candy is far more concentrated. Technaflora also makes something similar called Sugar Daddy, but again, is nowhere near as concentrated or complete as Bud Candy.

It's recommended for use in the bigger yields flowering system, but can be used in any program effectively. Bud Candy has been tested, time and time again.

What makes Bud Candy perform so well? The magic is in the ingredients. Not just alone, but in combination. Any one of these ingredients has a dramatic effect on plants, but in concert, are synergistic.

Fast Facts GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Expert Grower Level®, Professional Grower Level®, and Grand Master Grower Level®. BENEFITS and Features: • Larger flowers • Better taste • More aroma • More resins • Stronger roots • Faster floral maturation • Nutrient healthy plants • Increased nutrient distribution and uptake. Volume: Liquid:

250 mL

500 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

23 L

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Unlock

Your Plants' Potential Why You're Making A Serious Mistake If You Don't Add Enzymes


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering What you need to know Dead organic material in your root zone is a threat to your plants because it is the ideal breeding ground for disease-causing organisms. Leading plant scientists have found that the most fertile, healthy soils in nature have high levels of beneficial enzymes to break down dead organic material before it becomes a breeding ground for plant disease. And when you have a healthy amount of the right enzymes, your plants will not only be disease-free, but will have greatly improved nutrient solubility. Of course, that’s just a fancy way of saying that your plants will be able to eat more and eat faster, which will produce heavier flowers; more vivid colors; more potent, connoisseur-level tastes and aromas; and better essential oil content. The problem Isolating, extracting, testing, and combining nature’s most potent enzymes is no small feat. But there is another challenge. Keeping these enzymes alive and active on the shelf is difficult, and there have been many reports of whole bottles of product being completely useless because the enzymes were inactive due to the short shelf life of the product.

Our solution Sensizym – the sensible enzyme solution. Sensizym is a liquid concentrate of digestive enzymes applied with water or nutrients to crops. Here's what Sensizym does Sensizym, basically, turns organic “garbage” into usable food to clean up the root zone. Once this is achieved, you can expect the following benefits: • A greater degree of health and bioactivity in the root zone • Increased nutrient availability in hydroponic and all types of growing mediums including soil, rockwool, coco coir, etc. • Improved prevention of plant diseases like root rot and soil-borne disorders • Reduced amount of nutrient residues in growing medium and on roots, so your roots don’t get gummed up • A higher degree of bio-activity and nutrient cycling from beneficial microorganisms in root zone and growing medium (especially if you’re pouring a beneficial microbial product like Voodoo Juice, Piranha, or Tarantula) • Increased effectiveness of nutrient solutions by making them more easily absorbed by your plants • Ability to recondition growing mediums like rockwool, so you don’t have to replace them between grow cycles.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: I definitely want to reuse my rockwool. How
do I do it? ANSWER: Use Sensizym throughout bloom phase. Make sure you do a Final Phase flush before harvest. After harvest, flush your rock wool thoroughly, and go through it to ensure that no large pieces of root or other material are still present. Keep the medium pH balanced and apply Sensizym for a few more days. Then let the medium dry to the regular wetness that’s optimum for your plants, and reuse the material.

QUESTION: I went to the hydro store to get Sensizym. The salesman said that it had been on his shelf about 3 months. He said that he would not recommend other enzyme products if they had been in the store more than a couple weeks. How long is yours going to last on the shelf? ANSWER: We have the strongest guarantee and the longest shelf life in the industry. Under normal storage conditions with a reasonably temperature-controlled store, Sensizym’s shelf life is 18 months.

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SENSIZYM - Root Zone Rejuvenator

S

ensizym is far more complete than any other enzymatic product on the market, hands down. There are 88 enzymes included in Sensizym, all chosen to perform a specific task, and all chosen because they were proven very effective at what they do.

When all was said and done, there were 88 enzymes combined in very specific ratios to create Sensizym, the most sensible enzyme concentrate you can use.

The details Listed below are four of the major enzyme classes included in Sensizym. This is not a complete or exhaustive list, not by a long shot. It’s just meant to give you an idea of

CANNAZYME

MICROZYME

HYGROZYME

50%

0%

SENSIZYM YOU LONGER SHELF LIFE, MORE Sensizym givesGIVES you longer shelf life, more biological enzyme BIOLOGICAL ENZYME ACTIVITY, AND activity, and more concentrated enzyme power thanMORE any other hydroponics enzyme formula. CONCENTRATED ENZYME POWER THAN ANY OTHER

Sensizym will work with any nutrient program and maximize its effectiveness, regardless of brand names.

HYDROPONICS ENZYME FORMULA

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how different enzymes work to accomplish specific tasks, and how the product is put together. Xylanase – a class of enzymes that help to break down hemicellulose, which is an important component of plant cell walls. Xylanase is very effective at turning dead root material into high-quality food for your plants . Beta-gluconase – an important enzyme

100%

SENSIZYM

SHELF LIFE, ENZYME CONCENTRATION, AND ENZYME STRENGTH SHELF LIFE, ENZYME CONCENTRATION AND ENZYME STRENGTH

How does it work? Sensizym contains the widest spectrum of enzymes of any product on the market. There are 88 types of enzymes in Sensizym, and each plays an important role in keeping your root zone running like a well-oiled machine. Each specific enzyme was carefully chosen for its function and effectiveness observed in nature. It all started with our plant scientists observing the healthiest and most fertile soils that occurred naturally, all over the globe. After these different soils were analyzed, our scientists noticed that the healthiest soils had a higher content of certain kinds of enzymes that were helping to keep the root zone running smoothly. The next step was isolating and evaluating these enzymes. Our team worked very hard to extract the proven enzymes and test them in combination in plant-specific tissue sample tests.

Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering that breaks down carbohydrates, specifically sugars, that can be a great source of nutrition for your plants but also can become too thickly viscous, gumming things up. With enough beta-gluconase, even when you have high levels of carbohydrates, you can count on smooth, easy nutrient absorption and nutrient cycling. Cellulase – these enzymes catalyze (speed up) a process called cellulolysis, which is the hydrolysis of cellulose, to finally yield simple sugars, such as glucose. Hemicellulase – another group of enzymes concerned with hemicellulose. Breaking down cell walls of inactive root material is extremely important in preventing root rot and disease.

A third function of Sensizym When you use growing mediums like rockwool, it can be ridiculously messy and time consuming to replace your medium between grow cycles. However, you can use Sensizym after your flush, along with water right before PRODUCT TYPE: Bud Enhancer. GARDEN TYPES: Sensizym has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil growing mediums. Sensizym has been developed for use with any and all hydroponic, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain, drip emitters, and continuous liquid feed growing systems. WHEN TO USE: During all phases of growth, but especially beginning in early bloom phase and continuing to harvest. MIXING DIRECTIONS: 2 mL per Liter during weeks 1 through 6 of flowering phase.

harvest, to condition your growing medium to be reused. By breaking down leftover organic material, Sensizym will clean your growing medium so you can use it again for another cycle.

What makes Sensizym different than competing products? Two things: • Sensizym is far more complete than any other enzymatic product on the market, hands down. There are 88 enzymes included in Sensizym, all chosen to perform a specific task, and all chosen because they were proven very effective at what they do. • Sensizym has longer and more stable shelf life than any competitors. You’re guaranteed effective enzymes or your money back. Competing products have been known to have such a short shelf life that they are completely inert upon sale. When you buy Sensizym, you’re protected by Advanced Nutrients’ 100% money-back guarantee.

Why use Sensizym? • To ensure health in your root zone • To maximize the effectiveness of any product you use (Sensizym is outstanding at increasing the solubility of whatever else you’re using) • To get bigger yields with better colors, taste, aroma and essential oils • To avoid the very messy, pain-in-theneck work of replacing your medium between every cycle (when used with beneficial microbials, Sensizym will condition your growing medium to be re-used) • To maximize the effectiveness of any nutrient program, regardless of brand name • To ensure you get a product guaranteed to be bio-active (not dead) on the shelf. Whether you’re dealing with root rot or poor nutrient solubility, or you’d like a convenient way to recondition your growing medium for another cycle, Sensizym does a better job than any competitor.

Fast Facts

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Professional Grower Level® and Grand Master Grower Level®. BENEFITS and Features: • Breaks down dead material in your root zone, converting it into usable nutrients for the plant and preventing outbreaks of harmful pathogens that could use that dead organic material as a nutrient source • 
More nutrition for vigorous growth and maximum yield • Essential for a small niche of growers who may be reusing their soil or coco coir for more than one crop, as it breaks down the previous harvest’s root mass, rejuvenating and adding fertility to the growing medium. Volume: Liquid:

250 mL

500 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

23 L

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Finally! Something For The Eco-Friendly Grower Who Wants All Bases Covered


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering What you need to know Growing with natural nutrients is good for the environment. No doubt about it. But there’s a catch – to be competitive as a grower of high-value crops, there are a lot of bases to cover, and most natural nutrients just don’t have what it takes. Getting what it takes Even if you have high-quality base nutes and root zone inoculation, there is still plenty of room to improve when it comes to plant metabolism, coloration, diseases and pests, internodal spacing, and essential oils. To get your money’s worth, your natural bloom bio-stimulant should cover these bases. Our Solution Nirvana by Advanced Nutrients is hands down the most complete natural bloom bio-stimulant available. It handles all of the challenges mentioned above, and then some. The Details What will Nirvana do for your plant? • It will improve your yields, whether you’re growing synthetically or naturally. One of the ways it does this is to create more flowering sites per foot of growth. Maybe you’d normally have six nodes per foot. With Nirvana you could expect a sharp increase of several nodes per foot. • Also, Nirvana allows crops to grow healthier and more robust with fewer incidences of pests and diseases.

• Nirvana will improve the quality of the crops you harvest, especially for synthetic growers who don’t use many natural products normally. • Nirvana will supply your plants with a lot of basic building blocks, like essential oils, which are responsible for the taste and aroma of your plants. • Nirvana will help any strain you grow to unlock its total genetic potential. • Nirvana acts as a bio-catalyst, a substance that enables a chemical reaction to proceed at an unusually fast rate, meaning your plant will be able to do more work in less time, stress-free. • Nirvana encourages a wider, better branched grow pattern. When you’re growing under artificial lighting, the intensity of the light drops very quickly with distance. For example, at one foot from the bulb you could expect 100,000 lumens. At two feet away, you’ll only get 25,000 lumens. • Your plant will be able to accomplish more in a 24-hour period because it’s working at this increased metabolic rate. Say your plant goes start to finish in 60 days; with Nirvana you may get plants that act as if they’ve been growing for considerably longer. • You’ll get better coloration no matter which strain you grow, but Nirvana is especially effective at helping bring out more vivid purples.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: I’ve heard that Nirvana is good as a foliar. Can it be left on blooms until harvest time? ANSWER: Nirvana has two surfactants that make it penetrate leaves to deliver flower-boosting compounds directly into floral clusters. Nirvana is all- natural, so it’s safe to leave on your flowers. However, we recommend that you mist and cleanse your floral clusters with pure water just before harvest as a general way of creating the cleanest end product.

QUESTION: Does Nirvana do anything to improve taste and aroma when using it with synthetic fertilizers? ANSWER: One of the main effects of Nirvana is to add, a natural component to synthetic feed programs. Many growers report improved taste and aroma when they use Nirvana.

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NIRVANA - All Natural Bloom Enhancer • You’ll grow plants with more pronounced tastes and aromas. Growers who have been using synthetic nutrients to grow the same strain for years will notice subtle differences in the taste and quality of the yield once they add Nirvana. You also get more of a buildup of polyphenolics and esters (good things) that increase aromas and flavors. • Nirvana will work symbiotically with beneficial bacteria in your root zone. • Some of the ingredients in Nirvana will supply rapidly developing flowers and fruits with rare compounds, so they’ll increase in size and quality.

TASTIER FLOWERS

Scientists worked hard to give you an all-natural bloom phase booster that increases the dollar value of your harvests while adding quality and pleasure to your gardening experience.

MORE POTENT FLOWERS

LARGER FLOWERS

RARE EXTRACTS

ALL ORGANIC

NIRVANA OUTPERFORMS ALL OTHERS

How Is All this Accomplished? We’ve achieved these amazing developments thanks to a special blend of proprietary ingredients.

NIRVANA BEATS LIQUID KARMA AND ALL OTHER ORGANIC BOOSTERS COMBINED Nirvana gives you a wider range of crop-boosting benefits than Liquid Karma, Pure Blend, and similar competing formulas, and it’s 100% natural.

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Included in this proprietary mixture are isolates from kelp that increase cell division and tighter inter-nodal spacing. Also included are complex natural phosphates, sourced from fossilized bat guano. There aren’t a lot of other products that use bat guano to source phosphates, but it’s important because bats have a very specific diet (flying insects) that makes their guano much better as a source of complex natural phosphates than the much more commonly used sea bird guano. Nirvana contains fulvic acid, that is a natural and very effective chelator. As far as we’re aware, no one else is using high-grade fulvates in a natural bloom bio-stimulant. Nirvana includes a non-ionic wetting agent very similar to Wet Betty. This helps the transfer of nutrients in the root zone. Nirvana contains humic acid, a very pure and bio-active source. This helps to buffer other nutrients in the growing medium, which is important because you can feed your plants more without stressing them out as long as you include humic acid in the root zone. Nirvana contains chromium to help your plants with essential oil production. Trace elements of iron and zinc help your colors burst through in vivid, bold relief. Seaweed meal, as well as being the driving force behind the product in the form of kelp extracts, also contains potassium, which helps coloration in plants, particularly purple colors. This may be attributed to amino acids. B-vitamins, which reduce stress on plants, are abundant in Nirvana. Bright lights, air movement, and strong feeding all spell stress for your crop. With the right combination of B vitamins,

Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering

N

irvana contains fulvic acid, a natural and very effective chelator. It also contains chromium to help your plants with essential oil production.

your plants can handle all of the challenges of indoor growing without compromising your yields. Finally, it’s not just the ingredients themselves, but how they’re blended and in which specific quantity.

When and How Can It Be Applied? Nirvana can be added as a foliar spray or into your feeding schedule. Aeroponic growers, for example, will want to use Nirvana as a foliar spray. PRODUCT TYPE: Bud Enhancer. GARDEN TYPES: Nirvana has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil growing mediums. Nirvana has been developed for use with any and all hydroponic, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain, drip emitters, and continuous liquid growing systems. WHEN TO USE: During bloom phase, cloning, for seedlings, when plants are under stress. MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 2 mL per Liter during weeks 3 through 6 of your flowering phase.

Your flowers are safer, more potent, tastier, more aromatic, and more valuable when you use Nirvana, the only true all-natural bud builder that provides vitamins, nutrients, L-aminos, carbohydrates, and yield boosters.

After the plant has rooted, you can start using Nirvana. If you’re going to use it as foliar spray, wait until your plants have got leaves. If you want to keep things simple, one quality base nute, one quality root-zone inoculate, and Nirvana will take you very, very far.

You might have to buy ten additives from different manufacturers to get the results that you can get in one pour with Nirvana.

Fast Facts

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Professional Grower Level® and Grand Masters Grower Level®. BENEFITS and Features: • Boosts energy and metabolism so your plants grow larger faster • Increases nutrient distribution and uptake • Strengthens plants against day-to-day stress • Gives more harvest value for your investment • Provides building materials for more and larger blooms. Volume: Liquid:

250 mL

500 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

23 L

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Level Up Why Your Plants Need this Special Form of Potassium Silicate to Reach Their Full Potential


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering What you need to know The shortest distance between two points is a straight line. Similarly, the more time your plants can spend working on photosynthetic processes, the better they’ll grow, whereas the more time your plants have to spend detouring from photosynthetic relevant processes (a.k.a. the straight line to massive yields), the less they’ll grow. The problem There are all kinds of threats to your plants’ health, threats that will try to derail your plants’ straight line to profitable yields. Spider mites, heat stress, powdery mildew, microscopic pathogens – every distraction your plants have to deal with means time wasted and profits lost. Therefore, every advantage you give your plants is extremely valuable. Our solution One of the best ways to keep your plants safe from wasting energy on defense and repairs, besides good root zone inoculates like Voodoo Juice, Piranha, or Tarantula, is a silica supplement.

Ours is called Rhino Skin, which is composed primarily of a special form of potassium silicate that is like putting chain mail armor around your plants’ cell walls.

The details • Rhino Skin is the only silica supplement that is super effective in actually delivering silica to your plants in an easily usable form. Advanced chelation and proprietary blends that result from hard working scientists are what set our products apart. Rhino Skin is no different. Our scientists have worked very hard to make this the most effective silica supplement on the market. • Silica is the second most abundant element in the Earth’s crust. In nature, it’s one of a plant’s strongest natural defenses against stress because it’s key to strengthening a plant’s cell walls. • With strong cell walls, the stems of your plants will grow thick and be able to support heavier flowers.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: Can I get the same protection from Rhino Skin if I spray it as a foliar feed? ANSWER: Potassium silicate armors leaves, stems,
and internal plant cells best when the silica is
drawn in through roots to become part of your
 plants’ structure. Foliar feeding is not recommended. QUESTION: Can Rhino Skin affect pH? ANSWER: Yes. Rhino Skin is a powerful pH up formula that can dramatically raise pH, even when used in very small amounts. To ensure that Rhino Skin is properly dissolved and distributed in your nutrient water, add it to your reservoir at least two hours before feeding, allowing 
it to dissolve thoroughly. Agitate your water before you administer
it to plants. QUESTION: When I use Rhino Skin, will my plants be completely free of mites and other pests? ANSWER: Rhino Skin is a safe, non-toxic way to armor your plants so that they resist all types of attackers. However, it is not able to completely stop all attackers from harming your crops. A lot

depends on how dedicated you are to controlling your grow room environment and vectors so that mites and other pests are less likely to appear in the first place. QUESTION: Why is Rhino Skin recommended principally for Grand Master Growers? ANSWER: Rhino Skin is the most effective, concentrated silica product on the market, but it affects pH and must be carefully monitored and applied. Grand Master Growers are dedicated to spending the time necessary to maximize crop size and yields. They have the time and expertise to properly handle the power of Rhino Skin. As you use the Bigger Yields Flowering System® and progress up the ladder of success while educating yourself with our gardening information materials, you will one day be a Grand Master too, allowing you to safely get the benefits of Rhino Skin.

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RHINO SKIN - Plant Nutrient Support / Potency Enhancer

Rhino Skin is a very simple product. It’s got one job to do: keep your plants’ cell walls strong so that they can focus on growing instead of fighting stress or invaders. And it’s guaranteed to do it better than any other silica supplement on the market. With strong cell walls, your plants will practically laugh in the face of pests, heat stress, and powdery mildew, especially if you use Rhino Skin along with our root zone inoculates like Tarantula, Piranha, and Voodoo Juice.

GARDEN TYPES: Rhino Skin has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir and other growing media. It has been developed for use with any and all hydroponics and continuous liquid feed growing systems (aeroponic, drip irrigation and emitters, NFT, flood & drain). WHEN TO USE: Cloning, early seedlings, transplanting, early grow phase, peak bloom phase.

43% INCREASED VALUE OF FLOWERS 43% INCREASED VALUE OF FLOWERS

49% STURDIER PLANTS 49% STURDIER PLANTS

GROWERS REPORT THAT RHINO SKIN GIVES YOU PLANT

PROTECTION AND INCREASED POTENCY MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 2 mL per Liter during weeks 1 through 6 of your flowering phase.

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Grand Masters Grower Level®. BENEFITS and Features: • You get maximum amounts of trichomes and essential oil production. • Your plants’ stalks are stronger so they support larger flowers. • Silica makes plant cell walls tougher. Volume: Liquid:

140

50%

GROWERS THAT RHINO SKINplant GIVES YOU PLANT Growers report REPORT that Rhino Skin gives you protection PROTECTION and increased potency. AND INCREASED POTENCY

Fast Facts PRODUCT TYPE: Resin Enrichers.

27% INCREASED MITE, MILDEW, 27% INCREASED MITE, MILDEW, MOLD RESISTANCE MOLD RESISTANCE

• With strong cell walls, your plants will practically laugh in the face of pests, heat stress, and powdery mildew, especially if you use Rhino Skin along with our root zone inoculates like Tarantula, Piranha, and Voodoo Juice.

35% INCREASED HEAT RESISTANCE 35% INCREASED HEAT RESISTANCE

Your plants are protected from your roots all the way up to your flower tops, so you can rest assured that your valuable plants are safe.

41% INCREASED TRICHOME STRUCTURES 41% INCREASED TRICHOME STRUCTURES

GROWER-REPORTED RHINORHINO SKIN SKIN EFFECTS GROWER-REPORTED EFFECTS

50%

250 mL

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23 L


Advertisement Space


X-ponential

Growth

Multiply the Results Of Your Plants' Natural Flowering Processes by a Factor of X


Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering What you need to know There are natural processes that your plant goes through in the flowering stage that, if stimulated properly, will multiply the size and quality of your yields. The trick is that you need a blend of ingredients that not only amp up your plants natural processes, but manage stress as well. How it's done Certain compounds that occur naturally in plants have specific functions for the bloom phase. These include vitamins and amino acids, among others. To maximize their beneficial effects, you must isolate these compounds, extract the active parts, and discard the rest. Once you have the pure, active ingredients, you have what are called “co-factors”. By using specifically designed blends of co-factors, you can expect certain results. Among those results are the following: • Increased overall yields • Higher essential oil content for greater potency, aroma, and taste in your harvest • Increased resistance to spider mites, powdery mildew, and bud rot • Improved resistance to stress. Our solution Bud Factor X is a liquid nutrient additive that will create an exponential increase in your flowering, hence the name.

Although it’s part of the Bigger Yields Flowering System®, it’s suitable for any feeding program.

The Details • It delivers bio-active ingredients that coax maximum production of terpenoids, resin, and essential oils. These are the building blocks of taste and aroma in your plants. More on this below. • The co-factors in Bud Factor X were also engineered to increase the size of your yields, not just crop quality. • Bud Factor X is a reformulated version of an older Advanced Nutrients product called Scorpion Juice. What exactly will it do? When you use Bud Factor X, it will increase your overall yields, by using proprietary co-factors that have been derived form fractionated plant material. What that means is that a very specific compound (or compounds) that occur naturally in a certain plant have been isolated. These include vitamins, hormones, amino acids, and more. Certain compounds enhance certain qualities. We have isolated these compounds from natural sources, and learned to extract the active parts and discard the rest.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: My plant got bigger when I fed it Bud Factor X. Was this the result of the product? ANSWER: Yes. Plants bulk up when you stimulate their immune systems. Almost all the size increase is in floral clusters, which adds to your total harvest weight. QUESTION: What is the best way to get more potent crops using Bud Factor X as a foliar spray?

ANSWER: Follow the label instructions and then spray Bud Factor X directly onto buds just before lights go off. This way it will have time to absorb overnight. You could also apply it about 20 minutes before lights go on. Either way, you want it to have time to sink in rather than be evaporated. Try for a pH of about 5.8 and closely monitor your buds to make sure you aren’t overloading them. Avoid spraying buds in high humidity or when you are within three weeks of harvest.

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BUD FACTOR X - Immune System Stimulator Earlier we mentioned terpenoids, also called terpenes, which are a large and varied class of hydrocarbon produced primarily by plants. They are the major component of resin and oils, and function as smell and taste molecules. These are the bio-synthetic building blocks for many organisms. Tens of thousands of different terpenes have been identified. Which ones are produced will make a huge difference in how your plants will smell and taste. AlphaPinene, for example, is what gives certain plants or trees a pine tree smell. Lime nine, as the name implies, is a citrus smell. Lemon basil, for example, will likely have large amounts of lime nine resin. Besides increasing yields, flavors, aroma, potency, Bud Factor X will also make your crops much more resistant to spider mites, powdery mildew, and bud rot. One important reason for this is that more oil and resin means your plants have a physical barrier protecting them, as well as an increased immune system. In the same time frame you’re used to growing, Bud Factor X will have your plants gaining more mass, essential oils, and fragrances.

How do you use it? Like all additives in the Bigger Yields Flowering System®, Bud Factor X is

B

esides increasing yields, flavors, aroma, and potency, Bud Factor X will also make your crops much more resistant to spider mites, powdery mildew, and bud rot.

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Imagine how much better your yields would be with optimized resin and an exponential increase in flowering response. Not only would you grow more, but you’d have crops with award-winning smell and taste.

applied at 2 mL per Liter, with plain water or complete nutrient solution. You want to begin application at the onset of flowers, when you change your light cycle.

Final thoughts 1. Bud Factor X is the only product in the market place that is specifically engineered to create bigger and more potent buds, flowers, and fruits by amplifying the plant’s natural tendencies in the bloom phase. No other product works on so many levels to accomplish this. 2. Bud Factor X is five times more concentrated for root application than its predecessor, Scorpion Juice. When you buy it in the bundle, you get an even better deal because you get one of the products for free when you buy the Bigger Yields Flowering System. 3. No other product in the market place is capable of improving the quality of medicinal plants like Bud Factor X can. That’s because no other product creates exponential increase in flowering response based on the plant’s own natural processes.

Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

Advanced Nutrients is the only hydroponics company using Ph.D. plant scientists to boost your yields and crop value.


There you have it. Now you know all you need to about how maximizing essential oil production, as well as managing the stress this can put on your plants, can help you get the competitive edge you need when growing high-value crops.

23% INCREASED HARVEST SIZE

21% RESISTANCE TO DISEASE INCREASE

17% OVERALL PLANT SIZE INCREASE

23% FLOWER SIZE INCREASE

50% 35% ESSENTIAL OIL FORMATION

PERCENT INCREDIBLEINCREASE INCREASE

Section 4 - Blooming and Flowering

Our scientists have worked hard to give you an all-organic bloom phase booster that increases the dollar value of your harvests while adding quality and pleasure to your gardening experience.

You’ll enjoy seeing increases in your plants’ yield and your harvest value when youENJOY use Bud FactorYOUR X. PLANTS’ YIELD AND YOUR YOU’LL SEEING HARVEST VALUE WHEN YOU USE BUD FACTOR X

Fast Facts PRODUCT TYPE: Resin Enricher.

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Grand Master Grower Level®.

GARDEN TYPES: Bud Factor X has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil growing mediums. Bud Factor X has been developed for use with any and all hydroponic, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain, drip emitters, and continuous liquid feed growing systems.

BENEFITS and Features: • Triggers plants to maximize their ability to produce essential oils and resins • Provides nutrition for beneficial microbes in the root zone • Increases the value of crops grown for their essential oil contents, giving maximum yield of the desired active compounds • Optimizes essential oils • Optimizes aroma and improves taste • Enhances plant growth for maximum harvests.

WHEN TO USE: During bloom phase. MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 2 mL per Liter during weeks 1 through 6 of your flowering phase.

Volume: Liquid:

250 mL

500 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

23 L

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Section 5

Ripening and Harvesting

Y

ou made it. You've got huge, healthy, greattasting, prize-worthy buds. Now what to do with them?

Harvest is a very important part of the process that's often done poorly.

Here's how to do it right You'll want good trimmers and a good dry rack. Trimmers are easy enough, but we'd like to make special mention of drying your buds properly. A good dry rack, like the QuickCure®, which you’ll see in the coming pages, is essential. If you don’t dry your product properly, you can completely ruin months of work spent growing monster buds.

dry your work PROPERLY Why is this so important? Because after the amount of time and money you have spent growing a spectacular harvest, the last thing you want is rot or fungus collecting on your precious buds. It can and will happen if you’re not careful. Also, the trimmers themselves are easy enough to find, but as for technique, you’ll want someone to demonstrate this to you. There’s an art to it that simply can’t be well communicated well through print.

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Once again, as we’ve repeated throughout this guide, do all you can to find a hydro store community you like and get involved. Ask questions. Learn. That’s how you’ll theand best buds. | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds" Section 5 -grow Ripening Harvesting


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Get to the

Finish Line Drive Your Plants Past their Genetic Flowering Threshold and into a Prizewinning Finish

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Section 5 - Ripening and Harvesting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 5 - Ripening and Harvesting Growers like us are often plagued by a unique and disturbing dilemma that occurs toward the end of our crop’s flowering cycle – should we invest more time and money into our crop with the hope that we can squeeze out an additional 1-6% in size and weight increases? Or do we bite the bullet and harvest the crop early? On the one hand, it might be smarter to wait and hope the effort pays off at harvest time. On the other hand, you remember whatever weight and size gains your plants make may come at the expense of floral quality, as essential oil structures have a tendency to degrade at this stage. In a lot of cases, you’ll just go ahead and harvest the crop since continuing to invest time, material, and money doesn’t seem worth it. Many growers have made the same call.

Bigger Yield Potential Proven By Science You probably know that it’s possible for your plants flowering phase to be manipulated to produce bigger yields, and it starts when you flip your lights to 12 hours and put your plants on their flowering schedule. Over time, your flowers will swell up, fill in, change their appearance, gain aroma and taste, and develop essential oil structures.

This happens during your peak flowering phase in the middle trimester of blooming (the precise timing & length depend on the plant strain you’re growing). The peak flowering phase is the time you’ll see the largest increase in size as well as weight. During this time you’ll also notice the most obvious changes in the appearance, shape, density and structure of your flowers. Once this wonderful time of change and growth is over, your plants will enter their late flowering phase. During this time your flowers might make very small gains or they may maintain their current characteristics until harvest time. In some sad cases, flower quality can actually decline at this point, which is an obvious indication that you should harvest. This is commonly the way things are done, but the good news is that you can create a more productive finishing phase for your plants with the right knowledge and tools.

Help Your Plants Achieve Maximum Production The best way to rejuvenate your plants’ growth and yield potential during the finishing phase before harvest is to give them a special form of nitrogen called nitrate. It’s commonly thought that

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: I use your Big Bud® with pH Perfect® Connoisseur and get fantastic results. So why is Overdrive also very useful for me? ANSWER: Big Bud is indeed a top-producing bloom booster and pH Perfect Connoisseur is a premium bloom base nutrients formula. But our studies find that bloom phase has sub-phases during which very specific types and ratios of ingredients are required. For plants in their last 2-3 weeks of growth, the ingredients in Overdrive are more effective at increasing crop value than Big Bud, which is used earlier in the bloom cycle. And no matter what base nutrients you use, Overdrive gives you increased late season production. QUESTION: I used Overdrive and it did not increase the size as much as it increased the potency, aroma, and taste. Is this a normal thing to expect?

ANSWER: In some crops, depending on genetics, crop environment, grower skill, and other nutrients being used, you might see both a crop size and a crop quality increase. In other situations, Overdrive will primarily increase the percentages of essential oils, aromatics, and other value-adding compounds in your flowers. QUESTION: What about pH and PPM when I use Overdrive? ANSWER: If you are using Overdrive as part of our Bigger Yields Flowering System®, you have no need to be concerned about pH and PPM. Just use Overdrive as directed - the System is configured to balance all formulas together, ensuring they’re at the ideal absorbability and strength. If you are using Overdrive without using the System, it can increase PPM by as much as 200 PPM, in which case you need to monitor your nutrient strength accordingly.

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OVERDRIVE - Ultra Premium Liquid Flower Enhancer

Put Your Crops Into Overdrive Advanced Nutrients kept all the abovementioned factors in mind when creating Overdrive, which is specially designed for the high-value plants you grow. • Plus, giving your plants a 1-3-4 dose of properly-chelated NPK in late bloom phase feeds your plants the precise ratios of macronutrients needed to produce significant gains in flower size and potency when most other growers have given up and are just waiting to harvest. • Taken together, the combination of ingredients featured in Overdrive provides your plants with: • Increased nutrient uptake, and increased photosynthesis and energy • Increased cell expansion and replication for larger flowers 152

PERIOD OF 7 WEEKS

FLOWER SIZE & WEIGHT

supplementing your plants with nitrogen during their bloom phase is a bad idea, but this isn’t 100% true. The fact is that the plants we grow DO need nitrogen during bloom phase, just not as much as they need during the vegetative phase. More importantly, giving your plants the wrong type of nitrogen during this time can cause them to channel too much energy into stem and leaf production, drawing precious resources away from the floral growth. But when they’re given nitrate, your plants use it to create enlarged floral structures instead of stems and leaves. It’s also important to stimulate the growing tips of each plant stem, as they go dormant in late bloom phase (which is the reason your buds stop gaining size). It’s just like what happens when our human skeleton’s growth tips seal off around age 18, effectively preventing us from growing any taller. Scientists have now discovered we can keep the growth going because folic acid, fulvic acid, nitrate, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, and ascorbic acid in late bloom phase revs up photosynthesis & restarts cell replication and expansion at the ends of your growing tips!

1 2 3 4 5 6

7

The Numbers Prove It! Without Overdrive, your crops stop producing size, weight, and potency in late bloom cycle. But when you use Overdrive, your crops get a new spark of growth late in life, so they keep on producing for you far longer than they normally would.

• Increased creation of internal floral structures and compounds for increased aroma, taste, potency and market value • Increased resistance to drought, heat, stress, diseases, pests, and end stage exhaustion • Potentially massive gains in harvest weight and size during last trimester of growth

Beneficial microbes created by scientists studying the roots of the kinds of plants you grow give you a wide array of elements that increase the stability and productivity of your plants.

Section 5 - Ripening and Harvesting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"


Section 5 - Ripening and Harvesting

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y using Overdrive, you can help your plants accomplish something never thought possible during the end of their bloom phase. By providing them with the tools they need during this crucial time, you’re allowing them to reach their true potential and, in some cases, surpass it.

As you can see, using Overdrive is a much smarter and more economical approach than what most other growers are doing (just throwing the same bloom booster at their plants from week one of flowering until the day of harvest). The idea that an extra dose of PK is all your plants need during the bloom phase is just as ridiculous as the idea of thinking the last few weeks of bloom are nothing more than a waiting game where there can be no significant increases in size, weight, or quality. Both of these ideas have now been proven wrong. By using Overdrive, you make your plants accomplish what was before thought impossible during the end of their bloom phase.

Some growers find Overdrive is especially useful in the following situations: • When plants struggled earlier in blooming and need to make up for it by putting on a lot of flower growth fast • With varieties that traditionally don’t produce large floral clusters, in order to bulk them up and make them fatter • When a grower learns they need to get an extra large harvest from their crop.

PRODUCT TYPE: Late-Phase Bud Bulkers

GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Hobbyist Level®, Expert Grower Level®, Professional Grower Level® and Grand Masters Grower Level®.

GARDEN TYPES: Overdrive has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir and other growing media. It has been developed for use with any and all hydroponics and continuous liquid feed growing systems (aeroponic, drip irrigation and emitters, NFT, flood & drain). WHEN TO USE: During last trimester of bloom phase. MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 2 mL per Liter during weeks 5 and 6 or the last 2 weeks of your bloom phase.

In any of these situations, all you need to do is procure Overdrive and use it in any hydroponics or soil system, giving a prizewinning finish to your bloom season, and making every minute, every watt, and every ounce of your effort worth it.

You care for your plants tirelessly when they’re in their infancy, so it only stands to reason that you would show them the same care and attention during the last phase of their lives as well, especially since this is one key factor separating a good harvest, from an INCREDIBLE one!

Fast Facts

BENEFITS and Features: • Larger, Denser Flowers • More Essential Oils • More Aroma • More Taste • More Attractive Flowers • Higher Market Price For Flowers • Larger Harvests • More Production Per Watt During Lasts Weeks Of Bloom Phase. Volume: Liquid:

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Pure

Flowers How To Use Chemical “Magnets”To Get Rid Of The Excess Gunk In Your High-Value Crops

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Section 5 - Ripening and Harvesting What you need to know In the final phase of growing, about seven to ten days from harvest, it’s important to flush excess nutrients and buildup out of the root zone, especially if you sell your harvest for profit. Without a good flush, your high-value plants will never have the connoisseur level taste and aroma that will put you on top of the marketplace. The two main issues • The first is a no-brainer. You’ve been aggressively flooding your plants with base nutrients, root inoculates, and additives. There’s too much stuff built up for your plants to use, and in many cases, the build up will be so severe it will make your yields taste funny or “off.” • The second challenge is that there’s a process called osmosis that will try to even out the concentration of nutrients inside and outside your plants. It works like air pressure or water pressure. The universe likes balance, and if the inside of your plants don’t match the outside of your plants, nature will work very hard to fix this at the first opportunity, which can work against you.

Our solution Final Phase by Advanced Nutrients is our answer to the challenges you face in dealing with excess build up in the final phases of growing. What does it do? Final Phase is a nutrient additive that reduces and removes excess fertilizers in the root zone, preventing them from slowing growth, and diminishing flavor and other characteristics of your harvest. Final Phase works very quickly to break ionic bonds between nutrient residues. It does this using empty chelates, which are like tiny chemical magnets. Empty chelates have a stronger attraction with excess nutrient and build-up molecules than any other element present in the growing environment, and so they’re very effective at un-sticking these excess molecules.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: Will flushing starve my plants and make smaller ANSWER: There are several differences with Final Phase that give you harvests? more cleansing power. Not only is Final Phase the only formula that’s ANSWER: It’s true that some flushing products have an unfortunate actually made for the plants you grow, Final Phase is also different in tendency to rob plants of vital nutrients and thus create smaller, less that it has a very broad range of free flowing chelates. Nobody else has potent harvests. Final Phase is the only flush formula engineered these. There are many individual metals that need to be pulled out of differently. In fact, tests show that it results in either no net loss of crops. Chelates come in different shapes and sizes and are attracted harvest size and potency, or a slight increase. only to certain metals. Other flushing formulas don’t have a broad QUESTION: One of my friends uses Final Phase if he has crop enough range of chelates to remove all the substances present in your problems, not just before harvest. Do you recommend this? crops. It’s like the difference between washing the entire car, or only ANSWER: In situations where root zones have become toxic with excess one door. fertilizer salts, Final Phase can be useful as a mini-flush to get back to QUESTION: Can I use Final Phase to get better crops in soil? a neutral root zone for re-balancing pH and making sure your plants ANSWER: Absolutely. Just shorten the cleansing wash time from are not over-fertilized. 6 hours to 2 hours and run a lot of water through to ensure full QUESTION: Can you explain the differences between Final Phase cleansing. Then let your soil dry out so you don’t waterlog your roots. and other flush formulas?

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FINAL PHASE - Clearing and Flushing Solution TOTAL DETECTABLE EXCESS MATERIALS TOTAL DETECTABLE EXCESS MATERIALS

100 NO FINAL PHASE

50

0

COMPETING FLUSH PRODUCT

WITH

FINAL PHASE

Final Phase removes excess materials better than any FINAL PHASE REMOVES EXCESS MATERIALS BETTER THAN ANY OTHER PRODUCT other flush product or than using only FLUSH pure water. Crops USING taste, look, and smell better.ONLY PURE WATER

How do you use it? There are two different times you may want to use Final Phase. The first is during mid-crop if you’ve reached toxic levels of build-up; and the second is pre-harvest, your standard flush. Using Final Phase for mid-crop toxicity If you reach toxic levels of build-up long before you harvest (indicated by darkening or black leaves, and, in severe cases, “tip burn” of your leaves) then here’s what to do: • Completely drain your reservoir • Add enough fresh water to re-circulate • Add final phase (2 mL per Liter) • Adjust pH to what’s optimal for your particular growing medium • Run Final Phase through for an hour or two, then empty your reservoir and refill with fresh nutrients. Using Final Phase For Normal Pre-Harvest Flush • Completely drain your reservoir • Add enough fresh water to re-circulate • Add final phase (2 mL per Liter) • Adjust pH to what’s optimal for your particular growing medium 156

Final Phase works in all kinds of hydroponics systems to protect your crops, save you money, and activate your plants for bigger yields.

• Run Final Phase through for six hours, then empty reservoir, and refill with fresh water only until harvest.

The details Excess build-up of materials, especially nitrogen, means diminished flavors and aromas, which is very bad for business. Final Phase uses empty chelates to remove these profit-killing excess materials. Chelates are an arrangement of molecules that typically carry fertilizer molecules to the plant, but if they’re empty (not already bonded to a specific fertilizer molecule), they act like a magnet to excess fertilizer molecules that are floating around. If you’re using Final Phase for a standard pre-harvest flush, just use water to recirculate until harvest. Do not use more nutrients – there’s already a buildup of everything your plant needs and then some. Thanks to reverse osmosis, whatever Final Phase doesn’t flush out will provide more than enough high quality food to finish out the bloom phase. Pouring in more nutrients is actually counter-productive. This is because of a process called osmosis. Osmosis works like air pressure or water pressure. Nature likes to keep things balanced, and so if there’s an imbalance of

Section 5 - Ripening and Harvesting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

nutrients between the inside and outside of your plants, your plants will expel all the nutrients on the inside until the balance outside is maintained. Now, with all that said, while you can just use fresh water after you’ve done your flush with Final Phase, we’ve heard excellent results reported using H2 (humic acid) and Sensizym along with fresh water in those last seven to ten days before harvest. This is because neither humic acid nor enzymes are nutrients. They work to break down excess organic material that isn’t affected by chelates. Therefore any organic residue left behind after your flush can be digested and broken down into beneficial substances by the combination of humic acid and the enzymes in Sensizym. This stacks the competitive edge even more heavily in your favor when it comes time to sell your harvest. Using Sensizym and H2 along with Final Phase will also work to recondition your growing medium for a second use.

Final thoughts Final Phase is very economical to use – you only need to use one ounce per grow cycle. Final Phase will help you to recondition


Section 5 - Ripening and Harvesting your grow medium so that you can use it again, and even more effectively. The more you can do this, the more you’ll notice the money you save really adding up. You will see very noticeable improvements in the taste and fragrance of your crop, which means more profitable plants, more money in your pocket, and a better return on your investment. Final Phase can be used with any feeding schedule or brand of nutrients, and it’s backed by Advanced Nutrients’ 100% money back guarantee. If you’re not satisfied, or even if you’re not impressed, send it on back. Another bonus of Final Phase is that it complements the entire Advanced Nutrients Plus Program. Every grower knows flushing is an important part of the process. But now you know why, how to do it right, and how to use a good flush to grow buds that will earn you the sort of money you deserve for all the time you put into growing.

PRODUCT TYPE: Bud Enhancers. GARDEN TYPES: Final Phase has been specially designed for use with all hydroponics, sphagnum, coco coir, and soil growing mediums. Final Phase has been developed for use with any and all hydroponic, aeroponic, drip irrigation, NFT, flood and drain, drip emitters, and continuous liquid feed growing systems. WHEN TO USE: During all phases of growth, but especially beginning in early bloom phase and continuing to harvest. MIXING DIRECTIONS: Use 2 mL per Liter during the last week of your flowering phase.

F

inal Phase is a nutrient additive that reduces and removes excess fertilizers in the root zone, preventing them from slowing growth, and diminishing flavor and other characteristics of your harvest.

Your crops store excess nutrient salts that can make them taste bad, smell strange, and cure poorly. Final Phase safely flushes your crops, and it’s easy to use too.

Fast Facts GROWER EXPERIENCE LEVEL: Professional Grower Level® and Grand Master Grower Level®. BENEFITS and Features: • Cleaner, safer crops • Tastier, sweeter-smelling crops • Higher quality crops that command premium market prices • Better taste, more pleasant aroma, better appearance • More pleasant user experience • Flushes crops while maintaining harvest size and potency. Volume: Liquid:

250 mL

500 mL

1L

4 L 10 L

23 L

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Easier Drying How To Make Harvesting A Yield Of Any Size Quick & Easy

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Section 5 - Ripening and Harvesting Harvesting your crop is an exciting time, there’s no doubt about it. You finally get to see the finished product of all your hard work and investment. But a host of issues can arise that might make the drying process more stressful than it should be. If you’d like to be able to dry your entire harvest in the least amount of time possible... while at the same time protecting your plants, leaves, and valuable flowers from the value-killing hazards of drying, there’s a piece of equipment you need. What you really need is a drying rack created to address the most common issues during this critical stage in your process, issues such as fungus attacking the fruits of your hard-earned work, rot invading your drying space, or dropping leaves and flowers onto the floor because of a poor layout. If you want a drying rack that’s going to allow you to achieve the end product you’re worked so hard for, the rack must have these features: • Eliminates the occurrence of fungus and rot • Designed to fit in any room • Hangs just about anywhere • Easily mobile • Keeps everything together so that you never lose a bud or leaf • Blends in easily with its surroundings • Is easy to clean and dry after use.

Collecting the fruits of your growing labors is the most exciting time of the year for most growers. It’s also a lot of work. These harvesting tips will make it quicker and easier.

Here’s How Advanced Nutrients Would Like To Help Our design teams worked hard to perfect the Quickcure®, a dry rack designed for the serious grower. It’s ruggedly made with collapsible mesh and other high-tech materials and it’s so simple and effective, you’ll wonder how you ever got along without it.

Frequently Asked Questions QUESTION: How do I use the Quickcure®? ANSWER: You can hang this thing from pretty much anywhere you’d like because of the hanging anchor system that comes with it. That means you can take this drying system with you quickly and easily if you ever need to travel, change harvesting locations, or need a mobile solution. QUESTION: Does the Quickcure come in different sizes? ANSWER: Quickcure is a collapsible, expandable, modular system that you can stack and customize to fit your gardening needs exactly. That’s why we now make our innovative Quickcure drying rack in two sizes: our classic 35” size; and the new space-saving 24” Mini Quickcure.

QUESTION: I've heard that the Quickcure also works outdoors. ANSWER: Yes, the Quickcure has a special mesh material that handles outdoor conditions very well. Not only that, but Quickcure has a sage-green color that blends in well with outdoor foliage, which increases your security. QUESTION: Is it true that the Quickcure holds more flowers and protects them better than any other drying system? ANSWER: It’s true –the Quickcure has a far larger capacity than any other portable rack system, and it has deeper and more well-protected sides, so you have a lot of depth to store drying flowers without the flowers falling out of the rack.

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Quickcure® - Perfect Size Rack for Any Room • The Perfect Size Rack for Any Room You can decide exactly how much space you’d like to take to dry your harvest because each rack comes in three detachable pieces of two drying sections each. That means you have a total of six drying sections, each of which are 12.5” tall and 35” in diameter when fully assembled.

• Eliminates the Two Biggest Killers of Your Harvest You’ll confidently dodge the two biggest threats to damp buds - fungus and rot because these dry racks are made of an incredibly breathable mesh that allows stunningly quick drying and maximum ventilation for high-value plants like ours. That means you’ll never lose

You can easily clip on more sections of the drying racks! 1

2

3

4 •

5

The Quickcure system fits any size room and any size yield. This makes it easier for growers of any level to dry their harvests like a grand master grower.

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Section 5 - Ripening and Harvesting | Advanced Nutrients: "How to Grow Bigger Buds"

another leaf or flower to these two insidious harvest killers! Hang and Dry Your Harvest Almost Anywhere You can hang this thing anywhere you’d like because of the unique hanging anchor system, which means you can take this drying system with you quickly and easily if you ever need to travel or change harvesting locations. Speaking of mobile... Easily Take Your Drying Operation Anywhere You can store the entire system easily and quickly in a convenient black fabric carrying case, which is included. It’s compact and easy to fit into existing luggage as well. Never Drop Another Leaf or Bud Again You’ll never have to worry about dropping a single leaf ever again because each section of the Quickcure® has protective walls keeping your harvest neatly organized and safely placed until perfectly dry. Your Rack Will Blend in Anywhere You can put these racks virtually anywhere you like without them clashing with the room or surrounding décor because each one is colored a pleasant and subtle sage green. Once You’re Done, Your Rack Cleans and Dries Quickly The Quickcure rack is self-drying thanks to its clever design and breatheeasy material. You can shake it off and pack it up within minutes after use.

This Dry Rack Will Hold The BIGGEST Yields You Can Grow! Because Advanced Nutrients is world renowned for helping growers like you maximize their plant cycles and get the biggest yields from their high-value plants, we knew we had to build a drying rack that could support those harvests. That’s why this advanced drying rack holds more than any other rack on the


Section 5 - Ripening and Harvesting market – at least 75% to 125% more product - so you’ll never find yourself with a yield too big to harvest all at once! And with the exclusive design that allows you to connect as many of these dry racks together as needed. you’re guaranteed the perfect size for your harvest needs no matter how big or small.

B

ecause Advanced Nutrients is world renowned for helping growers like you maximize their plant cycles and get the biggest yields from their high-value plants, we knew we had to build a drying rack that could support those harvests.

And One More Thing… As an added bonus, you’ll also be glad to learn that this revolutionary drying rack comes in a smaller, even more compact size than before. The Mini Quickcure is perfect for growers who are on the move or have limited space in which to dry their crops. It’s still packed with all the great features and benefits of its larger companion, but offers the additional convenience of an even more mobile size. What All This Means for You No matter how big or small your crops, these options offer you the most versatile drying system on the market and are guaranteed to meet your needs, anytime, anywhere.

Fast Facts Features: • You can decide exactly how much, or how little space you’d like to take to dry your harvest. • Each rack comes in three detachable pieces of two drying sections each. That means a total of six drying sections. • You can easily clip on more sections of the drying racks with the common backpack type clip attachments you find everywhere. • The Quickcure eliminates fungus and rot with incredibly breathable mesh, allowing quick drying and maximum ventilation.

• You can hang this thing pretty much anywhere you’d like because of the hanging anchor system. • The Quickcure can be stored easily and quickly in its convenient black fabric carrying case. • Each section has protective walls keeping your harvest neatly organized and safely placed until perfectly dry. • Once you’re done, your rack cleans and dries quickly. • This advanced drying rack holds more product than any other rack on the market.

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Advanced Nutrients Magalog 2013 (English Edition)