Adrian Cortinas Landscape Architecture & Urban Design Select Works
Cover Image: Topographic Model. LARP 512 Workshop II: Landform & Planting Design
Adrian Cortinas Landscape Architecture & Urban Design Select Works:
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Rebuild By Design: Living with the Bay
San Antoni[ooz] aerial view 4|
Devising Space for the Creeks to Interweave Habitat & Community Site Location: West Side San Antonio, Texas PennDesign MLA 702, Spring 2016 Critics: Lucinda Sanders, Trevor Lee & Michael Miller Project Type: [sub]urban, ecologic/flood infrastructure
West Side Creeks
The San Antoni[ooz] is a project which goal is to create new corridors that interweave social and ecologic systems by restoring the historic creeks that were straightened and channelized in San Antonio between 1957 and 1998 for flood prevention purposes.
San Antonio has invested time and money in its north to south natural and recreational corridor along the San Antonio River. This connection focuses on tourism and downtown redevelopment, with a new museum and mission reach of the famous Riverwalk. While those developments unfold, this project advocates to create a West to East corridor along the cityâ€™s West Side Creeks, where local communites of predominantly Hispanic residents are prone to severe flooding during heavy rainfall and are underserved of basic social and ecological amenities. Though channelized for flood prevention, the creeks no longer serve this purpose and have decimated the pre-existing ecologic systems of the area, and the
expansion of the city itself has grown into [sub]urban fabric. The project is focused on a 1.3 mile stretch of Zarzamora Creek, which is identified as a potential area to create social, ecologic, and flood prevention systems. San Antoni[ooz] utilizes a Deployable Strategy for the West Side Creeks. The strategy is intended to become a prototypical solution that is replicable in the rest of the West Side Creeks system, allowing for a new form of connectivity in the city. The creeks are a mythical place that represents danger. The communities of San Antonio seldom think about the creeks or use these spaces, nor do they have the desire to do so. Ironically the city has a rich history of water awareness and human interaction and intervention of local water systems. San Antoni[ooz] aims to challenge the notion that its creeks are inaccessible and dangerous by conceiving new ways that the community can interact with ecology, recreation, and the very essence of the city of San Antonio which is its water.
Watch a Project Animation at: https://vimeo.com/165956844 |7
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San Antoni[00Z] Park on Zarzamora Creek 1
Recreational + Educational Facility
Lowlands Habitat Immersion
Arroyo Bend Park
Loma Park Neighborhood Park
Arroyo Bend Sports Complex
Rocky Formation Habitat Immersion
Memorial Heights Neighborhood Park
Shrubland Habitat Immersion
Wet Meadow Habitat Immersion
Loma Vista Neighborhood Park
Upland Habitat Immersion
Loma Vista Nook
Woodland Habitat Immersion
Deployable Strategy for the West Side Creeks As a guideline, a set of design principles were developed to approach the site, but also to create a prototypical and replicable strategy which can be applied to the broader West Side Creeks system of San Antonio. The strategy may vary depending on the availability of real estate and space that exists adjacent to the creek, yet the strategy is flexible to accommodate various strategies to approach edge conditions. This approach involves the addition of social programmatic space, ecological vegetative systems, and new flood regimes. In the spaces within close proximity to local neighborhoods, the landscape will be floodprotected and contain upland vegetation strategically positioned to create spaces which allow open and active social program. Within the spaces that are closer to the creek, the vegetation will be dominated by emergent and aquatic vegetative species tolerant of flood conditions while the social programmatic space becomes intimate and exploratory.
Several vacant parcels alongside Zarzamora Creek are chosen from the broader west side for this project intervention and deployment of the design strategy. The site is located 5 miles west of the Rivewalk, and it is a part of the city which seldom receives attention when it comes to issues of flooding, local recreation, and ecologic systems. The site contains a couple of sports fields that are highly damaged during floods. It is also completely devoid of any ecological value, with a channelized creek, grasslined channel walls, and invasive vegetative species The vacant spaces that the undeveloped parcels provide in this area, give the project a unique opportunity to widen the creek bed and allow for a larger volume of water to inhabit the space during a flood event.
Proposition Adding enhanced mobility systems with trails that connect the site to the adjacent neighborhoods and to the wider creek system, provide new community and educational facilities and neighborhood parks and play spaces for recreation.
San Antoni[ooz] also creates different vegetative zones depending on the distance from the creek, and creates a rich ecologic system where wildlife can begin to re-inhabit the space. The idea of the [OOZ], or backward ZOO, where the community can interact with wildlife in the creeks serves as an educational tool for the community. In terms of flood prevention, the adjacent vacant land where the creek has been widened can retain a more water during heavy rainfall. This helps to protect adjacent neighborhoods and gives relief to the creek downstream while creating a new flood regime for the west side of San Antonio.
Habitat Immersion Trail on th
01. Emergent Lowland The lower area of The San Antoni[ooz] has a large parcel of an existing park which allowed for the stretching of the creek bed and thus increasing water capacity during a heavy rainfall. The Wet Meadow is accessible and allows users to cross the creek during a bankfull condition. The site is intended to foster endangered amphibian species. During a flood event, the paths become submerged but the large volume of water stored gives relief to longer stretches of the creek downstream.
Low Creek Crossing Lower Trail
Rest + View Nook Trailhead Educational Facility Fieldhouse
he Wet Meadow
100yr Flood Submerged Path Flood Edge Indicator Flood Edge Indicator
Trailhead & Blackland Prairie
02. Wet Meadow As the creek turns the bend towards the narrow stretch, the strategy to widen the creek is also deployed in a smaller scale. The creek is stretched and a community park is placed at the community edge. The Shrubland and Wet Meadow foster activity of small mammals and endangered reptiles as well as some amphibian species. Additionally, the strategy also helps protect the community across the creek to the south.
Upper Trail Rest + View Nook Lower Trail
Bankfull Condition Rest + View Nook Dynamic Playspace
Flood Protected Neighborhood
Dry Area Lawn
Habitat Immersion Trail at Pre
03. Rocky Formation
The neighborhood that is located directly north of the San Antoni[ooz] has a history of severe damage during flood events. A different strategy is deployed on that edge which utilizes a levee while space for additional water is created on the opposite side. The space created serves as another small park and a rocky outcrop is created to foster avian predatory species.
Bankfull Condition Memorial Heights Neighorhood
Rocky Outcrop Lower Trail Upper Trail
edatory Avian Species Habitat
Flood Edge Indicator Rocky Outcrop Island Elevated Path
Flood Protected Neighborhood
Dynamic Playspace & Upland
04. Low Shrubland Existing Topography
The lower creek also allows for larger water capacity on site and fosters the activity of smaller bird species as well as flightless birds. The community edge will have a different neighborhood park and playspace which begins to interact with water during a rainfall. Across the creek to the north is a vegetated nook which allows the neighboring community to access the upper trail as well.
Dynamic Playspace Educational Facility
Rest + View Nook Upper Trail
Rest + View Nook
Flood Protected Neighborhood
Elevated Rest + View Nook
The Galician Coast & Recreational Space in a Changing Environment Site Location: Cambados, Galicia, Spain PennDesign MLA 701, Fall 2015 Critics: David Gouverneur & Miriam Garcia Project Type: Coastal Resiliency, Cultural Production 22 |
Project Model; Acrylic on High-Density Foam, Chipboard,
The project is part of a vision for the coastal town of Cambados,Galicia,Spain. Cambados is a town with a rich history of clamming and wine production. The projectâ€™s goal is to provide additional recreational opportunities for both residents and visitors while becoming a focus point for cultural education. The site is located in the Northwest Spanish coastal region, where traditional ways of living, sustenance, and commerce are colliding with global forces.
Economically, this region of Spain is in direct competition with other providers of clams and shellfish worldwide. Shellfish production is the traditional harvest of the Galician coast, and along with wine production, the region prospers as a popular tourist attraction for Spanish and international tourists alike. Ecologically, the high-demand for the regions products has a major impact on the regionâ€™s natural systems. Coupled with sea-level rise and higher temperatures, the region has a complexity of issues revolving around production, tradition, tourism and recreation.
Landscape In[Flux]. High-Tide & Low-Tide 1
North Access Deck
South Access Deck
Privacy Deck | 25
The proposal takes advantage of the tide changes throughout the day, which cover and reveal the intertidal landscape. Two recreational pools connected by boardwalk piers allow users to inhabit this space. This design move invokes the Galician tradition of built objects that reach out into the sea. The physical elements of the design are deeply integrated into the landscape, where built materials blend with the natural elements. The space evokes the idea of the Spanish plaza, though situated in a wet landscape. The landscape is covered at high-tide, but a large space of irregular geometries is exposed during the low-tide. The design elements are then embedded into the rocky and mudflat areas in order to create a deeper link between the landscape while providing dynamic recreational spaces in the intertidal zone.
Water & Human Circulation
Other opportunities for kayaking and water activities are also available. The Plaza del Agua in the center serves as a controlled space where people can swim during the high-tide. A protective mesh keeps the area clean of algae and allows water to move through the space. In the low-tide, a vast landscape of mudflats, algae, and rock formations are revealed. This space may become productive in the future, yielding clams and other shellfish species for harvesting. The Plaza del Agua becomes an educational area, where local shellfish farmers can demonstrate the traditional clamming practices of Cambados.
Exposed Intertidal Land
Revealed Bathymetry (Intertidal Zone)
Project Site at Low Tide
High-Tide section cut through recreational pools, decks. Childrenâ€™s Pool
Low-Tide section cut through recreational pools, decks. Mudflats/Clamming Area
Plaza del Agua
Educational Clamming Area
Pier and Water Plaza (right)
Recreational pool and lounge deck
Model; acrylic on milled High-Density Foam , Chipboard, Cotton
Study Model; Acrylic on Chipboard 34 |
Digital Manufacturing and Design Innovation District Site Location: Goose Island, Chicago, Illinois PennDesign MLA 602, Spring 2015 Critic: Nick Pevzner Partner: Jungyoon Bae Project Type: Urban Design, Strategic
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: Goose Island DMD 1 2 9
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The vision for a new Digital Manufacturing & Design District at Goose Island in Chicago, Illinois intends to take advantage of existing infrastructure and embody the energy of adjacent neighborhoods and districts by increasing strong links to its immediate context and to the city of Chicago overall. The strategyâ€™s inception spurs from the idea of providing quality open spaces for a vibrant community that has a variety of building blocks and programs. A proposed triple hierarchy of Connectivity, Open Space, and Building Blocks are in dialogue with one another and lay the foundation for a district with engaging programmatic spaces that incentivize a talented and younger workforce to live and work within this urban context.
01. Open Space & Access
Watch a project animation at: https://vimeo.com/166113405
01. Rezoning The first mechanism for implementation is to rezone the Planned Manufacturing District from Goose Island to a new Elston PMD on the western edge, thus unlocking the Island for other types of development.
02. Active Mixed-Use Streets Once Goose Island is open for development, effort should be directed into 3 mixed-use cores along existing commercial corridors. This will extend existing commercial activity onto the island itself.
Planned Manufacturing District
Enhanced Commercial Streets
03. Parks & Recreation Investment into open space in the island should follow to capitalize on property values and incentivize residential and office development. The 3 proposed parks should be part of the larger open space network that connects to the Chicago River in the Loop.
Goose Landing Park
Goose Point Park
04. Additional Connections Investment in connectivity to the island creating pedestrian and vehicular bridges should follow so adjacent neighborhoods can access open space and other commercial amenities on the island.
05. Residential & Office Development Flex office space can be developed in the island along with residential development near the public open space and commercial cores This creates cores of retail, living-space, and parks, as well as hubs of high-tech office space.
New Pedstrian Bridge on Hawk Avenue
Gateway Square & New Housing
Investment: Phase 1
Buffer & Accessibility
Investment: Phase 2
Investment: Phase 3
Light Industrial Buffer Zone Separating Residential + Open Space from Industrial
Goose Landing Park & Light-Manufacturing District
Goose Island Connection to Green Loop
1 6â€™ Bik
North Ave. Bridge
ve. th A
GOOSE LANDING Park area attached to boat dock & water taxi loading area 46 |
Cherry St Bridge Entrance
GOOSE LANDING Open Community Activities Deck + Public open space attached to residential
15’ Side Walk 12’ Road ke Lane
LightTypical Industrial StreetManufacturing Section Elston Avenue Corridor Light-Industrial Sidewalk
Mixed Use Light Industrial & Residential
Primary Street Magnolia Drive Mixed Use Industrial + Residential Roads
Commercial groundfloor with flex space + residential
GOOSE LANDING Water recreation area ramp accessibility to river edge and outdoor sitting space
street + park access
KEY Industrial Light Industrial Commercial Residential Office Institution Passive Green space Active Park Programmed Walkway | 47
A Model for Strategic Growth to Integrate Atlantaâ€™s Neighborhoods Site Location: Midtown Atlanta, Georgia 2016 Urban Land Institute Hines Competition Advisor: Josh Freese Team: Daniel Lau, Naeem Shahrestani, Paula Narvaes & Will Gordon Project Type: Urban Design Competition
Midtown Plaza from Cafe
SUBURBAN SPRAWL. Atlanta’s lack of unifying public space and urban amenities has led to disconnected development and to the underutilization of its existing infrastructure. Such lack of development organization and the resulting lack of urban character minimizes the incentive to travel by foot and rewards the development that privileges the convenience of the car such as parking lots, wider roads and poor public transportation. The Village reorganizes Atlanta’s indistinguishable sprawl around local concentrated hubs or villages and local efficiencies by connecting and leveraging existing Midtown assets and tapping into significant local markets like AT&T, Bank of America, and Georgia Tech University. By consolidating services and urban amenities around a localized ‘downtown,’ residents are encouraged to shift towards other transportation methods. The Village provides Midtown Atlanta with a clear and discernable cultural and geographic center from which further development can anchor itself around. The stabilizing of Midtown Village’s development around a discernable center provides the framework for increased density to occur around high quality and connected urban amenities. The Village precinct is prototypical and can be used to help structure Atlanta’s fragmented urban core.
Spring Street Corridor
Localized Hubs of Interconnected Activity
High Art Square
Olympic Park Square
Midtown Village, Atlanta, Georgia 1 The Varsity Park
2 Residential Courtyards 3 Bridge Plaza 4 3rd Street Pedestrian Bridge 5 Elevated Parkway 6 Market Stalls 7 Innovation Tower 8 Olympic Torch Park 9 Spring Street 10 Mixed Use Development 11 Fountain 12 Yellow Jacket Plaza 13 Village Porch 14 Residential Tower 15 High-Density Transit-Oriented Development 16 West Peachtree Street
Reduced block sizes and encourage pedstrian connections
Midtown Village cross section
Enhanced Public Space
Reorganized Transport Connections
Aerial View: Atlantaâ€™s Midtown Village
Fiber pole installation on the Delaware Shore
A Proposal for Wetland Regeneration on the Delaware River Shore Site Location: Delaware River, South Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Simulated Natures Seminar, Fall 2015 Critics: Keith VanderSys & Josh Freese Team: Tong Qi, Alyssa Garcia & Yajun Dong Project Type: Wetland Regeneraion, Art Installation
This proposal for wetland regeneration through a landscape installation on the Delaware River examines a variety of conditions as to establish zones of engagement with the land and water. Data is collected and visualized for further analysis in order to arrive at a formal design intervention.
Project Site Zooming into a smaller scale, a site is chosen between two existing piers. The area is further analyzed to establish intertidal, subtidal and upland zones, wind trajectories and respective water and wind velocity at different heights. Once these are examined, a proposal is made to engage with a specific geometric pattern that emerges from the river landscape.
Water Elevation Mean Low Water
Wind Velocity 1 m height
3 m height
Water Velocity 8:30 am [Low]
10 m height
Proposed Geometric Pattern 2:00 pm [High]
Light Effect Simulating Nature: Visuals & Natural Rehabiliation The project utilizes a series of fiber poles containing LED lights that can register the speed of water and emit light in different color according to speed. The flexible fiber material moves with different wind paths. Over time, the fiber poles augment sediment collection, which can begin to enhance wetland regeneration to establish a new edge condition on the site.
Wetland Phasing Phase 1 - year 1
Phase 2 - year 5
Phase 3 - year 10
Watch project animation clip at: https://vimeo.com/172986760
Close-up view of installation access deck
View of Installation from the shore
Community garden, playground & open lawn
A New Waterfront Park for North Philadelphia
Site Location: Bridesburg Neighborhood, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania PennDesign MLA 502, Spring 2014 Critic: Karen Mâ€™Closkey Project Type: Park Design, Waterfront
Pattern studies for park design
The focus of this proposal is to create geometries that are winding in nature and that create multiple connections from the community to the river waterfront. In addition, the manipulation of the terrain opens opportunities for programmatic spaces. Landscape architecture in the 21st century can be better defined as a conscious effort to unify ecologic and urban systems. Cities today are beginning to understand the misfortunes of an industrial past and focusing on reclaiming these underutilized spaces back to their communities. As part of this movement, Philadelphia is a city attempting to reconcile its once industrial waterfront into usable space for social and ecological activities. Bridesburg, a neighborhood on the shore of the Delaware River in North Philadelphia, is the setting for this park. The scheme is generated out of an exercise of organizational strategy exploration. This effort to create as many different variations as possible, was part of the creative process to understand different options in program, circulation, and planting scheme.
9 Winding Space, Bridesburg 1 Neighborhood Plaza 2 Neighborhood Garden 3 Playground 4
5 The Lawn
6 Sports Fields [existing]
7 The Meadow 8 The Woods 9 Sculpture Nook 10 Water Recreation Area
11 Wetland 12 Community Center 13 Outer Boardwalk
Section A: Plaza & Community Garden
Topographic Movement A series of geometric moves is proposed at the site that stem from winding through a large territory creating different programmatic spaces within. The proposition is aided by different densities of plant design, which set up conditions of openness and enclosure. Most importantly, the project is an experimentation in topographic movement. The moving of earth to create spaces, sets up different conditions that the users can inhabit.
01. Gathering Spaces (section cuts)
Section B: Community Garden, Playground
02. Circulation Section C: The Lawn and the Woodlands The Lawn
Section D: In the meadow The Meadow
Section E: Woodlands sculpture garden
16 ft -4 ft
The Woods Rest Area
Picnic Hill Lower Path
Bridesburg Park & Delware River edge
Beach Plaza Fishing Deck
Kayaking Outer Boardwalk
Inner Boardwalk Wetland
The Water Edge A new community center and boardwalk serve as broader connections to the Delaware River. The topographic movement along the waterfront edge allows for different views of the river and the Betsy Ross bridge., while creating and more natural landscape.
Upper Path Rain Gardens Lower Path Community Center
Mill River Park aerial view
LIVING WITH THE BAY Rebuild By Design: Mill River Park
Site Location: Nassau County, Long Island, New York Team: WaterLand Design with HNS Landscape Architects, Palmbout, Bosch-Slabbers, & Interboro Partners Project Type: Climate & Social Resilience, Ecological Restoration Responsibilities: Illustrative & Technical Drawings
Mill River Park 8
1 Smith Pond 2 Morgan Days Fields 3 Sunrise Highway Crossing
4 Lister Park 5 Bligh Fields
6 Educational Stop 7 Recycling Park 8 Centre Park 9 East Rockaway HS 10 ERHS Sports Fields 11 Rolling River Day Camp 12 Parking 76 |
The Living with the Bay project is a continuation of the initial winning proposal for Long Island,NY during the 2014 Rebuild by Design competition in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy. The project provides a comprehensive suite of resiliency interventions for Nassau County communities surrounding the Mill River; an environmentally degraded north to south tributary flowing from Hempstead, NY into the south shore of Long Islandâ€™s back bay. During Superstorm Sandy, Nassau County was hit with heavy rain and an 18 foot tidal surge, causing millions of dollars in damages. The project aims to create a safe, attractive, and accessible Mill River System. As communities in the Mill River Watershed are extremely vulnerable to flooding from surge, sea level rise, and storm water, one of the key objectives is cost-effective flood risk reduction associated with Sandy-like storm events.
01. Access & Use
02. Flood Prevention
Furthermore, the project aspires to reverse the effects of ecological degradation issues inherent with the highlyanthropogenic density of the watershed by developing a comprehensive approach to ecosystem restoration. Improved accessibility and visibility of the Mill River will increase awareness of its ecological value and increase the recreational opportunities for the highly urbanized communities around the river. From a social resiliency standpoint, the LWTB project aims to increase the ability of all residents, communities, and local governments to recover after extreme weather events by strengthening existing community organizations and creating new social networks. Specific projects and initiatives will leverage investments in the Mill River Watershed to create economic and educational opportunities for the project areaâ€™s most vulnerable populations.
01. Smith Pond & Sunrise Highway Crossing Smith Pond is connected via an overpass adjacent to the LIRR tracks. This gives continuity to a unified Greenway for pedestrians and cyclists. A 12’ berm is proposed on the southern flank of the pond to prevent flooding in a storm event. An enhanced culvert will also aid with water flow along the River. Existing Condition
12’ Berm & Path Overhead Crossing (to Mill River) Culvert Fish Ladder
Existing 9 ‘ Flood
Proposed 9’ Flood
See: Section A
See: Section B
02. Lister Park North Water from the culvert reaches the Mill River from Smith Pond. Here a series of dams aims to create a water gradient that filters water as it moves downstream. This is further enhanced by a series of filtering, floating wetland islands. The Greeenway continues along the western side of the River with multiple pedestrian paths connecting to it. Existing Condition
Filter Wetland Islands Crosswalk (toward Smith Pond) Existing 9 ‘ Flood
Proposed 9’ Flood
See: Section D
See: Section C 78 |
Section A: LIRR, Pedestrian Crossing, Elevator, Stairwell
Section B: Bridge over Control Wier
Section C: Filter Wetland (floating island) & Shoreline Stabilization
Section D: Dam & Bridge Structure
03. Lister Park South Coir roll installations on the Mill River edge provide shoreline stabilization for the highly eroded waterway. Enhancement of the adjacent parking lot will house a cistern to store water during rainstorms. A 9’ berm is proposed along the Greenway to protect from flood. Parking & Underground Cistern
Greenway on 9’ berm
Shoreline Stabilization (Coir Roll Installation)
Existing 9 ‘ Flood
See: Section E Proposed 9’ Flood
04. Educational Pavilion The Pavilion is one of the educational hubs that serves as a educational and gathering space for different events. Additionally, coir roll installations will help to rehabilitate a degraded wetlands along the river edge that visitors can access via a pedestrian wetland bridge. Existing Condition
Education Pavilion Greenway on 9’ berm Rehabilitated Wetland Shore
Existing 9 ‘ Flood
See: Section G See: Section H Proposed 9’ Flood
See: Section F
Cross Section A: Underground Cistern & Shoreline Stabilization
Section E: Coir Roll Installation
Section F: Coir Roll Installation & Bridge Walkway
Section G: Pervious Parking (Grass Pavers)
Section H: Bioswale
05. Centre Park Infill of a nook of the Mill River creates additional land for park space (or new development) while also protecting the neighborhood from flood with a dam. The Greenway continues along this dam. Existing Condition
Greenway on 9’ dam New Wetland
Existing 9 ‘ Flood
See: Section K See: Section J Proposed 9’ Flood
See: Section F
06. East Rockaway HS Sports Fields The Greenway along the western side of the sports fields softens the edge of the River. A bulkhead is placed to protect against flood, but is softened by a vegetated edge along the path. The bulkhead gives flood relief to the sports fields and prevents them from being damaged. Existing Condition Recharge Basin
Existing 9 ‘ Flood
Proposed 9’ Flood
See: Section L
Section I: Coir Roll Installation (w/ backfill)
Section J: Outfall
Section K: Sidewalk
Section L: Greenway at ERHS
Greenway over constructed wetland at Smith Pond
Mill River: with restored edges, cleared views & gradient dam
Thank you. Adrian M. Cortinas 575-840-8922 firstname.lastname@example.org
Landscape Architecture | Urban Design Selected Works