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Spring

Home Improvement

Solar power choices, Page 2C

Plugging the holes in your home, Page 9C $VSHFLDO6HFWLRQRIWKH$GGLVRQ,QGHSHQGHQW‡0DUFK


PAGE  2C  —  Addison  Independent,  Thursday,  March  28,  2013

Homeowners  get solar  panel  options Manufacturers  offer  various  ways  to  pay By  XIAN  CHIANG-­WAREN  and   Pahl   said.   “There   can’t   be   trees   or   JOHN  S.  McCRIGHT other  buildings  that  would  shade  the   ADDISON  COUNTY  —  Spring  is   panels.â€? in   the   air,   the   days   are   getting   lon-­ The   second   question   is   how   best   ger   and   for   some   homes   and   busi-­ WR ÂżQDQFH WKH WUDQVLWLRQ &KRRVLQJ QHVVHV WKH LQFUHDVHG VXQ H[SRVXUH a   plan   and   a   company   to   help   with   may   mean   more   than   starting   gar-­ the  move  to  solar  power  can  be  con-­ dens,   wearing   shorts   and   slathering   fusing.   All   common-­sense   home   on  SPF-­65.   improvement  practices,  like  investi-­ A  growing  number  of  homeowners   gating  several  options   and   carefully   around  Addison   County   are   consid-­ UHYLHZLQJFRQWUDFWVVKRXOGEHH[HU-­ ering  putting  photovoltaic  solar  pan-­ cised  with  solar.   els  on  their  rooftops  or  in  their  yards,   ([SHUWV DJUHH WKDW WKH VRODU PDU-­ which   until   recently   constituted   a   ket  has  done  a  complete  180-­degree   substantial  up-­front  invest-­ turn  in  the  past  few  years.   ment   —   from   $10,000   to   Whereas  a  few  years  ago,   $100,000,   depending   on   ´7KHĂ€UVW Savage  estimated,  roughly   the   size   of   the   home   and   TXHVWLRQ 80   percent   of   homeown-­ the  location.   nationwide   moving   to   LVZKHWKHU ers   “Just   a   few   years   ago,   VRODU ZHUH ÂżQDQFLQJ WKHLU across   the   country   and   in   WKHKRXVH installation   up   front,   now   Vermont,  the  vast  majority   LVZHOO that   percentage   of   home-­ of   homeowners   who   tran-­ owners   are   leasing   panels   RULHQWHG VLWLRQHGWRVRODUÂżQDQFHGLW instead  of  buying  outright,   themselves,â€?   said   Andrew   IRUVRODU he  said. Savage,   a   spokesman   for   7KHUH Luckily   for   Addison   AllEarth   Renewables,   a   County   residents,   sev-­ manufacturer   of   solar   col-­ FDQ¡WEH HUDO ÂżQDQFLQJ RSWLRQV DUH lectors  based  in  Williston.   WUHHVRU available   from   local   com-­ But   AllEarth   and   other   RWKHU panies. companies   like   the   Acorn   The   Acorn   Energy   Co-­ Renewable   Energy   Co-­op   EXLOGLQJV op  boasts  of  a  new  owner-­ and   SunCommon,   among   WKDWZRXOG ÂżQDQFLQJ SURJUDP IRU LWV others,   have   recently   VKDGHWKH members,   in   partnership   ODXQFKHG ÂżQDQFLQJ LQLWLD-­ with   the   National   Bank   tives   designed   to   ease   the   SDQHOVÂľ of   Middlebury,   which   Âł*UHJ3DKO will   provide   home-­equity   burden  on  homeowners  in-­ terested   in   transitioning   to   loans   designed   to   be   paid   solar  electricity.  The  goal  is  to  make   off  within  15  years.  The  photovoltaic   the   cost   manageable   and   non-­pro-­ (PV)   panels   are   installed   by   Bran-­ hibitive,   since   the   demand   for   solar   don-­based  Green  Earth  Energy.   energy  is  high  at  the  moment.   “The   electricity   generated   by   the   With  rising  electricity  costs,  many   QHZ VRODU 39 V\VWHP LQ H[FHVV RI believe   that   solar   energy   is   a   smart   your   home’s   needs   will   be   fed   into   long-­term   investment,   and   many   the   electric   grid,   causing   the   elec-­ who  were  concerned  about  the  envi-­ tric   meter   to   spin   backwards   and   ronmental  impacts  of  burning  fossil   generating   a   credit   on   the   electric   fuels  have  been  eager  to  transition  to   bill  equal  to  the  regular  energy  bill-­ affordable  clean  energy. ing   rate   plus   a   premium   of   6   cents   To   make   the   transition,   some   ba-­ SHUNLORZDWWKRXU´WKHFRPSDQ\H[-­ VLFV DUH UHTXLUHG H[SODLQHG *UHJ plained  in  a  press  release.  “At  night,   3DKO DQ $FRUQ (QHUJ\ RIÂżFLDO LQ when  the  sun  isn’t  shining,  the  home   Middlebury   and   author   of   several   will   draw   electricity   back   from   the   books   on   energy   including   2012’s   grid  reducing  the  credit  generated  by   “Power   From   the   People:   How   to   the  PV  system.  The  idea  is  to  gener-­ Organize,   Finance,   and   Launch   Lo-­ ate   as   much   electricity   as   the   home   cal  Energy  Projects.â€?   uses  over  a  year’s  time  to  reduce  the   Âł7KHÂżUVWTXHVWLRQLVZKHWKHUWKH amount   paid   to   the   utility   for   elec-­ house   is   well   oriented   for   solar,â€?   tricity  as  close  to  zero  as  possible.â€?

Housing agency NeighborWorks recognized as a green business WEST   RUTLAND   —   Neighbor-­ Works   of   Western   Vermont   in   West   Rutland,   a   NeighborWorks  America   member   organization,   is   one   of   16   organizations   to   receive   the   Neigh-­ borWorks  Green  Organization  desig-­ nation  for  a  comprehensive  commit-­ ment  to  sustainable  operations  from   NeighborWorks   America.   The   des-­ ignation   is   based   on   adherence   to   a   set  of  green  business  practices  across   the  organization’s   operations  and  all   This is the of   their   program   ÀUVWWLPH areas.   N e i g h b o r -­ 1HLJKERUWorks   America   :RUNVKDV CEO   Eileen   UHFRJQL]HG Fitzgerald   pre-­ RUJDQL]Dsented   Neighbor-­ Works  of  Western   WLRQVIRU Vermont   (NW-­ WKHLUHIIRUWV WVT),   which   WRFUHDWH serves   Addison,   KHDOWKLHU Rutland  and  Ben-­ HQHUJ\HIÀnington   counties,   FLHQWHQYLwith   the   award   this   winter   in   URQPHQWV Washington,  D.C.   IRUKRPH7KLVLVWKH¿UVW RZQHUV time   Neighbor-­ UHQWHUV Works   has   rec-­ FRPPXQLW\ ognized   organi-­ zations   for   their   UHVLGHQWV efforts   to   create   DQGHPhealthier,   energy-­ SOR\HHV HI¿FLHQW HQYL-­ ronments   for   homeowners,   renters,   community   residents,   and   employ-­ ees. NWWVT’s  mission  is  to  promote   VDIH HI¿FLHQW DIIRUGDEOH KRXVLQJ and  is  committed  to  green  practices.   They  have  designed  programs,  such   as   the   NeighborWorks   H.E.A.T.   Squad,   to   help   homeowners   make   WKHLU KRPHV PRUH HQHUJ\ HI¿FLHQW which   saves   the   over   500   home-­ owners   in   the   program   an   average   of  375  gallons  of  heating  fuel  every   year.  In  addition  to  green  programs,   NWWVT   also   has   solar   hot   water   JON  SATZ,  SEEN  here  with  his  dog  Willa,  had  a  solar  array  installed  on  his  Woods  Market  Garden  property   in  Brandon  late  last  year.  Satz  will  see  a  small  break  on  his  electricity  bill  for  the  next  six  years,  at  which  point   panels   on   its   building   roof   to   pro-­ YLGHKRWZDWHUIRUWKHRI¿FHDQGVL[ he  has  an  option  to  buy  the  system  and  see  much  bigger  savings. Independent  photo/Trent  Campbell DSDUWPHQWVDQGSURPRWHVLQWHURI¿FH composting   and   recycling,   walking   AllEarth   Renewables   is   taking   a   owners   have   no   upfront   costs   and   tricity  bill. or  biking  to  meetings  when  possible,   different  tack.  Savage  said  his  com-­ monthly   payments   targeted   to   be   The   company   says   its   residential   (See  NeighborWorks,  Page  5C) pany   offers   a   plan   in   which   home-­ around  the  price  of  the  current  elec-­ (See  Solar,  Page  5C)


Addison  Independent,  Thursday,  March  28,  2013  —  PAGE  3C

Escaping   Some  household  products   heat  is  a   emit  chemicals  into  the  air waste  of   energy Audits  are  good   for  homeowners I   love   my   home   and   wanted   it  to  perform  better.  So  I  sched-­ uled   a   professional   energy   au-­ GLW IURP D %3, FHUWLÂżHG +RPH 3HUIRUPDQFH ZLWK (QHUJ\ 6WDU c o n t r a c t o r   (also   known   Energy as   an   energy   auditors auditor).   You   know their FDQÂżQGWKHP listed   by   zip   building code   at   the   science. E f f i c i e n c y   These proV e r m o n t   fessionwebsite.   Ef-­ als use ÂżFLHQF\ 9HU-­ mont  and  oth-­ diagnostic ers   launched   equipment a   Vermont   valued at +RPH (QHU-­ thousands gy   Challenge   of dollars this   year   to   to precisem o t i v a t e   more  of  us  to   ly measure take  this  step.   your home I   urge   you   to   for heat take   it.   I   had   loss. no  regrets. Energy   auditors   know   their   building   science.   These   profes-­ sionals   use   diagnostic   equip-­ ment  valued  at  thousands  of  dol-­ lars   to   precisely   measure   your   home  for  heat  loss.  It  starts  with   a  blower  door  test  called  a  “test   inâ€?   that   measures   the   rate   at   which  air  leaks  from  your  home   EDVHG RQ %78VVTXDUH IRRW They  use  an  infrared  camera  to   see   missing   insulation,   but   can   assess   much   of   this   through   a   careful  visual  inspection  and  by   taking  measurements.  They  use   combustion   analysis   equipment   to   test   your   heating   appliances   IRUHIÂżFLHQF\DQGPRUHLPSRU-­ tantly,   for   health   and   safety   as   well   as   your   ventilation   equip-­ ment  for  adequacy.   7RVWD\FHUWLÂżHGHQHUJ\DXGL-­ (See  Audit,  Page  5C)

By  CHRISTY  LYNN Volatile   Organic   Compounds,   or   VOCs,  are  a  large  group  of  carbon-­ based   chemicals   that   evaporate   eas-­ ily  at  room  temperature.  Commonly   found   in   many   household   products   including  carpets,  cleaning  products   and  adhesives,  they  emit  potentially   harmful  levels  of  chemicals  into  the   air   for   many   months   after   applica-­ tion. According   to   the   Natural   Re-­ sources   Defense   Council,   research   has   shown   that   high   or   prolonged   exposure  to  VOCs  can  yield  adverse   effects,   including   eye   and   throat   ir-­ ritation,   headaches,   asthma,   liver   damage,  complications  to  the  central   nervous  system  and  cancer.   VOCs   are   also   a   principal   con-­ tributor  to  ground-­level  ozone,  a  ma-­ jor   factor   of   urban   smog.  As   if   that   weren’t   close   enough,   when   VOCs   ¿QGWKHLUZD\LQWRODQG¿OOVRUDUHLP-­ properly  disposed  of,  they  can  leach   into  the  water  supply.   7KH¿UVWVWHSWRUHGXFLQJ\RXUH[-­ posure   to   VOCs   is   identifying   the   sources   of   these   toxins   within   your   living   environment.   Some   com-­ mon   sources   are   building   materials   and   home   and   personal   care   prod-­ ucts;͞   they   also   come   into   the   home   from  common  hobbies  or  behaviors.   Formaldehyde,  which  is  responsible   for  high  VOC  levels  in  some  homes,   is   a   common   component   in   carpets,   particle   board   and   many   cleaning   products  and  preserving  agents.   2QFH \RX KDYH LGHQWL¿HG WKH likely   sources   of  

VOCs  in  your  home,  you  can  choose   to  replace  or  mitigate  the  off-­gassing   effect  of  these  products  as  you  under-­ take   renovations   or   even   in   your   VSULQJ FOHDQLQJ HIIRUWV +HUH DUH six   helpful   hints   for   limiting   the  effects  of  VOCs  in   your   home,   compiled   by  the  National  Asso-­ ciation  of  Realtors  on   WKHLUZHEVLWH+RXVH/-­ ogic.com: ‡ %UHDN WKH KDELW of  buying  household   c l e a n e r s   or   other   c h e m i -­ cals   in   b u l k   to   save   m o n e y   and   sim-­ ply   buy   what   you   n e e d .   S t o r e d   c h e m i -­ cals   are   a   major   source   of   VOCs. ‡ 3DLQWVSDLQWWKLQQHUVSHVWLFLGHV and   gas   cans   are   a   major   source   of   VOCs.  If  possible,  store  these  items   away   from   the ��  house   in   a   detached   storage   shed   or   garage.   This   is   a   great  place  to  also  store  gas-­powered   tools   such   as   lawn   mowers,   snow   blowers  and  chain  saws.  If  you  have   leftover   pesticides,   paint   and   other   chemicals,   contact   your   municipal   ZDVWH GHSDUWPHQW WR ÂżQG RXW ZKHUH you  can  dispose  of  them  safely. ‡ ,I\RXUVWRUDJHVSDFHLVDWWDFKHG to  the  house,  seal  up  any  connections   between  your  garage  and  living  area.   :HDWKHUVWULS \RXU JDUDJH DFFHVV

door  and  make  sure  that  the  thresh-­ old  gasket  is  snugged  up  tight. ‡ :HDWKHU SHUPLWWLQJ RSHQ ZLQ-­ dows   and   run   exhaust   fans   when   you’re  working  with  paints  and  pun-­ gent  cleaners.  Trust  your  nose  —  if   \RX FDQ VPHOO LW \RXœUH ZKLI¿QJ VOCs.   That   includes   any   time   you   bring   vinyl   or   plastic   items   (say,   a   new   shower   curtain)   or   dry-­cleaned   clothes   into   the   house.   If   weather   permits,  remove  covers  and  packag-­ ing  from  items  and  set  them  outside   for  a  while  to  off-­gas  —  at  least  until   they  don’t  smell.  Schedule  major  in-­ terior  paint  jobs  for  good  weather  so  

you  can  open  up  windows. ‡ %DWKURRPDQGNLWFKHQIDQVDUH great  for  removing  VOCs  from  the   air,  especially  because  cooking  and   cleaning   can   release   some   potent,   HYHQFDUFLQRJHQLFFRPSRXQGV%XW if  you  run  exhaust  fans  constantly,   you  create  negative  air  pressure  in-­ side  the  house  that  may  draw  air  —   and   VOCs   —   from   your   attached   garage   into   your   home.   Run   fans   until  any  chemical  or  smoke  smell   dissipates,   then   turn   them   off.   If   you   use   your   garage   as   a   regular   work   area   for   VOC-­generating   hobbies,  such  as  woodworking,  in-­

stall  an  exhaust  fan  to  the  outside.   Exhaust  fans  cost  $250  to  $400,  in-­ stalled. ‡ &KRRVH FOHDQLQJ SURGXFWV DQG air   fresheners   (both   plug-­in   and   VSUD\ FDUHIXOO\VSHFL¿FDOO\ZDWFK-­ ing   out   for   a   fragrant   chemical   called   terpene.   Terpenes   are   com-­ monly  found  in  natural  substances,   VXFKDVSLQHUHVLQV:KHQFRQ¿QHG inside  a  house,  terpenes  react  with   naturally   occurring   ozone   in   the   air   and   form   compounds   that   can   negatively   affect   the   respiratory   system  and  cause  long-­term  health   problems.

Common  sources  of  VOCs  in  your  home Building  Materials   ‡ &DUSHWVDQGDGKHVLYHV ‡ &RPSRVLWHZRRGSURGXFWV ‡ 3DLQWV ‡ 6HDOLQJFDXONV ‡ 6ROYHQWV ‡ 8SKROVWHU\IDEULFV ‡ 9DUQLVKHV

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PAGE  4C  —  Addison  Independent,  Thursday,  March  28,  2013

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Addison  Independent,  Thursday,  March  28,  2013  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  PAGE  5C

Audit (Continued  from  Page  3C) tors  must  do  what  other  professionals   do   and   be   monitored,   take   ongoing   coursework   and   retest   every   three   years.  This  is  what  you  are  paying  for   when  you  get  an  energy  audit.  Energy   audits   cost   between   $300   to   $600   depending   on   the   size   and   complex-­ ity   of   your   home   or   small   commer-­ cial   building   and   are   well   worth   it.   I  recovered  every  penny  of  it  in  fuel   VDYLQJV LQ P\ ÂżUVW \HDU DIWHU VWDUW-­ ing   weatherization   measures   recom-­ mended   in   my   energy   audit   report,   which  I  spread  out  over  a  few  years.   Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s   better   to   do   it   all   at   once   if   you   can.   I   was   burning   as   much   as   800   gallons  in  my  1,700  square  foot  home   before  2007  and  was  down  to  375  gal-­ lons  last  heating  season.  Some  of  this   was   through   conservation   steps   any   of   us   can   take   like   setting   back   my   thermostat  at  night  and  doing  a  better   job  with  sealing  and  covering  my  old   windows.   I   learned   the   bigger   bang   for  my  buck  was  air  sealing  and  insu-­ ODWLQJP\EDVHPHQWÂżUVWDQGDWWLFQH[W rather  than  replacing  my  windows.  I   also  learned  that  heating  water  was  a   major   energy   hog   and   added   a   solar   hot  water  heater  three  years  ago.

Energy   auditors   will   often   use   the   blower   door   equipment   while   air   sealing   is   being   done   to   be   sure   leaks   are   plugged   adequately.   They   canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  always  get  all  leaks  due  to  ac-­ cess  or  expense  constraints,  but  they   typically  reduce  your  heat  loss  by  at   least   10   percent   and,   in   many   older   homes,   by   much   more.   On   average   about   380   gallons   of   fuel   oil   are   saved   annually   by   Vermonters   after   ZHDWKHUL]DWLRQ$ ÂżQDO EORZHU GRRU test   is   done   when   work   is   complete   to   measure   how   much   heat   loss   re-­ duction  was  gained.  This  is  called  a   â&#x20AC;&#x153;test  out.â&#x20AC;?  You  need  a  â&#x20AC;&#x153;test  inâ&#x20AC;?  and   ÂłWHVWRXW´E\DFHUWLÂżHGHQHUJ\DXGL-­ tor  to  qualify  for  up  to  $2,000  in  state   UHEDWHV IURP (IÂżFLHQF\ 9HUPRQW On  average  it  costs  about  $6,000  to   $8,000  for  weatherization. You   can   now   get   an   energy   audit   for   only   $100   through   Neighbor-­ Works   of   Western   Vermont   HEAT   Squad.  This  offer  has  been  extended   by   NeighborWorks   from   Rutland   County   to   all   homeowners   in  Addi-­ son   County,   regardless   of   income.   Simply  call  438-­2302,  ext.  227,  and   they  will  schedule  it  and  work  with   you   throughout   the   whole   process,  

which   is   outlined   at   their   website.   They   assign   you   an   energy   adviser   who  coaches  and  advocates  for  you   every   step   of   the   way   and   have   a   great   loan.   You   can   do   all   or   some   of  the  work  yourself  to  save  on  these   costs  and  still  get  a  state  rebate  pro-­ vided  you  get  an  energy  auditor  to  do   a  test  in  before  you  start  work  and  a   test  out  after  you  complete  it.   Give  your  home  an  energy  check-­ up   (audit)   as   soon   as   you   can   this   year.   Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll   learn   how   your   home   performs,   how   much   fuel   you   may   be  wasting  to  heat  the  sky,  and  what   you   can   do   to   improve   it.   Contact   me   to   ask   questions,   arrange   for   a   free  home  energy  visit  to  see  if  you   ZRXOG EHQHÂżW IURP DQ HQHUJ\ DXGLW DQG UHYLHZ \RXU ÂżQDQFLQJ RSWLRQV or   to   help   with   the   Vermont   Home   Energy   Challenge.   Those   of   you   who   have   completed   projects   could   help  by  telling  your  neighbors  about   WKH PDQ\ EHQHÂżWV RI HQHUJ\ DXGLWV and   weatherization   and   how   to   get   started  so  they  can  love  their  homes   even  more. Laura  Asermily Middlebury  Home  Energy   Challenge  Coordinator

Solar QLRU DQDO\VW DW (IÂżFLHQF\ 9HUPRQW (Continued  from  Page  2C) lease  is  â&#x20AC;&#x153;unique  in  the  state  by  offer-­ many   homeowners   are   most   con-­ ing  a  no-­cost  lease  for  homeowners   cerned   about   having   reasonable   to   net   meter   with   solar   at   or   below   month-­to-­month   payments   for   elec-­ their   electric   rates   and   be   given   the   tricity   and   PV   systems,   but   buying   opportunity  to  fully  own  the  system   outright  can  pay  off  in  the  long-­term.   DW D VLJQLÂżFDQWO\ UHGXFHG FRVW DIWHU He  said  this  is  especially  true  given   state  incentives  and  the  federal  gov-­ seven  years.â&#x20AC;? Savage   added   that   AllEarth   Re-­ ernmentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  30  percent  tax  credit. Savage   pointed   out   that   newables   â&#x20AC;&#x201D;   whose   cus-­ the   solar   companies   get   tomers   include   Middle-­ bury   College   and   Stark   â&#x20AC;&#x153;I wouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t the  tax  credits  when  home-­ owners  lease  from  them. Mountain   Woodworking   plan on But   Lane   adds   that   re-­ in  New  Haven  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  is  proud   incentives gardless   of   how   the   tran-­ to  use  only  Vermont-­man-­ going up. sition   occurs,   now   may   ufactured  products. be   the   best   time   to   take   â&#x20AC;&#x153;Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  exciting  for  Ver-­ Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll be advantage  of  state  and  fed-­ monters,  to  buy  a  Vermont   lucky if eral  incentives. product  and  to  be  investing   they stick â&#x20AC;&#x153;I   wouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t   plan   on   in-­ in  solar,â&#x20AC;?  he  said.   centives   going   up,â&#x20AC;?   Lane   Waterbury-­based   Sun-­ around.â&#x20AC;? Common   in   December   â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Damon Lane said.   â&#x20AC;&#x153;Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll   be   lucky   if   they  stick  around.â&#x20AC;? launched   a   campaign   â&#x20AC;&#x153;Most   solar   companies   can   guide   called   â&#x20AC;&#x153;1,000   Panels   in   100   Daysâ&#x20AC;?   with  the  aim  of  increasing  the  num-­ homeowners   through   incentives,â&#x20AC;?   ber  of  solar  electricity  panels  in  Ad-­ added   Pahl.   â&#x20AC;&#x153;(At   Acorn)   we   try   to   dison   County   by   50   percent   within   make   it   as   easy   as   possible   for   the   three   months.   Addison   County   met   homeowner   to   move   forward   with   the  project.â&#x20AC;?   that  challenge  in  only  two  months. Jon   Satz,   who   owns   Woods   Mar-­ The   company   offered   a   20-­year   lease   of   PV   panels,   which   lowered   ket   Garden   in   Brandon,   has   found   the  cost  of  the  point  of  entry  for  cus-­ his  transition  to  solar  pretty  straight-­ forward.   He   signed   a   deal   with  Al-­ tomers. Dan   Conant,   a   solar   organizer   lEarth  Renewables  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  in  partnership   with   SunCommon,   explained,   â&#x20AC;&#x153;At   with  Green  Lantern  Capital,  Nation-­ SunCommon,   weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re   committed   to   al  Life  and    Green  Mountain  Power   helping  Vermonters  make  the  switch   â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  to  bring  solar  power  to  the  Route   to   solar   power   without   upfront   cost   7   market   where   Satz   also   lives   on   and  for  no  more  than  a  homeowner  is   site  with  his  wife  and  son. AllEarth   installed   several   solar   currently   spending   monthly   on   util-­ panels  mounted  on  trackers  that  fol-­ ity  power.â&#x20AC;? According   to   Damon   Lane,   a   se-­ low  the  sun  across  the  sky  during  the  

day  to  maximize  production  of  elec-­ tricity  at  the  end  of  December.   â&#x20AC;&#x153;They   paid   for   the   install,â&#x20AC;?   Satz   said.  â&#x20AC;&#x153;We  didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  put  in  a  dime.â&#x20AC;? The   panels   have   an   output   of   56   kW,  with  an  estimated  annual  output   of  78,000  kWh. Satz   gets   a   little   discount   on   his   electricity  bills  and  has  the  option  to   buy  the  solar  panels  at  the  end  of  a   six-­year   agreement.  AllEarth   gets   a   revenue   stream   from   the   tax   credits   and  a  potential  sale  at  the  end  of  the   contract. Satz  is  sent  a  bill  each  month  for   one-­twelfth   of   his   annual   average   electricity   bill.   The   bill   also   shows   his   actual   usage   at   19.5   cents   per   kWh,   and   a   credit   of   6   cents   per   kWh.  At  the  end  of  the  year,  if  there   is  a  mismatch  between  what  he  was   billed  and  what  he  owed,  he  and  the   utility  settle  the  account.  He  said  the   going  rate  for  electricity  as  he  under-­ stands  it  is  14  cents  per  kWh,  which   means   he   is   getting   a   half-­cent   per   kWh  break.   But  the  big  payoff  will  come  once   he   owns   the   system   and   is   getting   WKH IXOO EHQHÂżW RI WKH HOHFWULFLW\ LW produces.  At  that  point,  Satz  hopes,   he   wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t   have   to   pay   for   much   or   any   of   his   electricity.   This   will   be   particularly   important   in   the   sum-­ mer  when  his  business  draws  more   power   â&#x20AC;&#x201D;   conveniently   summer   is   also  when  the  panels  produce  more   electricity. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  all  about  getting  a  delayed  re-­ turn,â&#x20AC;?  Satz  said.  â&#x20AC;&#x153;It  makes  sense  for   me  because  Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m  going  to  be  around   for  a  long  time.â&#x20AC;?

NeighborWorks (Continued  from  Page  2C) and  use  of  green  products.   â&#x20AC;&#x153;Every   day   we   at   NWWVT   are   committed   to   being   green,â&#x20AC;?   said   Mary   Cohen,   Homeownership   Cen-­ ter   Director   at   NWWVT.   â&#x20AC;&#x153;Not   only   do   we   support   homeowners   with   our   energy   improvement   program   through   the   H.E.A.T.   Squad,   we   practice   being   green   in   our   work-­ place  and  in  our  homes.  We  are  ex-­ WUHPHO\SURXGWREHDPRQJWKHÂżUVW Green  Organization  Designees  from   NeighborWorks  America.â&#x20AC;?   The   NeighborWorks   Green   Orga-­

QL]DWLRQ GHVLJQDWLRQ LV VLJQLÂżFDQW because   it   challenges   organizations   to   be   comprehensive   in   their   green   efforts.   By   embracing   a   sustain-­ able   business   culture,   they   produce   EHQHÂżWV WR WKRXVDQGV RI LQGLYLGX-­ als   through   homeowner   education,   housing   development   activities,   and   community   engagement   programs.   Collectively,  these  activities  help  re-­ duce  energy  consumption  and  costs,   create   healthier   living   and   working   environments,   and   promote   sustain-­ able  communities.   NeighborWorks   Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s   goal  

is   for   two-­thirds   of   NeighborWorks   America   member   organizations   to   receive  a  green  designation  by  2016.   As  a  result,  more  than  100,000  resi-­ dents  in  NeighborWorks  rental  prop-­ erties  would  have  better  information   on   managing   healthy,   energy-­con-­ scious   homes;͞   more   than   25,000   families  annually  would  possess  the   knowledge   and   skills   to   assess   the   homes   they   are   buying   for   green,   healthy   features;͞   and   6,000   owner-­ occupants   each   year   would   receive   KHDOWK\ HQHUJ\HI¿FLHQF\ KRPH UH-­ pairs.

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Dear Eric, It was a pleasure to work with you with the installation of our solar hot water system. Your professionalism and knowledge of the system were appreciated. The quality of your workmanship is also excellent. It is obvious you take pride in your work. We would highly recommend you for installation of all Sunward systems.Thank you again for making this such a smooth process. Think Sunshine! â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Tassie Blondin

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^ŽůÄ&#x201A;Ć&#x152;,Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x;ĹśĹ?Íť^ŽůÄ&#x201A;Ć&#x152;,Ĺ˝Ć&#x161;Ĺ?Ć&#x152;Íť^ŽůÄ&#x201A;Ć&#x152;tÄ&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;,Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ć? EWÄ&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ć&#x;ÄŽÄ&#x17E;Ä&#x161;Íť>Ĺ˝Ä?Ä&#x201A;ĹŻWĆ&#x152;Ĺ˝Ä&#x161;ĆľÄ?Ć&#x161;Ć?ÍťÇ&#x2020;Ć&#x2030;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;Ĺ?Ä&#x17E;ĹśÄ?Ä&#x17E;Ä&#x161;^Ć&#x161;Ä&#x201A;ÄŤ

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PAGE  6C  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  Addison  Independent,  Thursday,  March  28,  2013

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Addison  Independent,  Thursday,  March  28,  2013  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  PAGE  7C

Experts  give  some  advice  on  appliance  energy  usage How  much  energy  can  you  save  by  dry-­ ing  your  clothes  on  a  clothesline  instead  of   using  an  electric  dryer? What   a   great   question.   Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d   estimate   a   savings  of  about  $10.20  per  month   or  just  over  $122  per  year. Hereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s   the   math:   Electric   clothes   dryers   demand   be-­ tween   1,800   and   5,000   watts.   If   we   calculate   based   on   a   3,400-­watt   dryer   and   a   drying   time   of   45   minutes   per   load,   then   one   dryer   load   uses   2.55   kilowatt   hours.   Mul-­ tiply   that   by   322   (the   aver-­ age  number  of  loads  per  year   in   an   American   home),   divide   by   12   months,   and   youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re   looking   about   68   kilowatt   hours   of   use   per   month.   Last   thing:   Multiply   those   monthly   kilowatt   hours  by  the  current  average  Vermont  electric   rate  of  15  cents  per  kilowatt  hour  and  you  get   that  monthly  estimate  of  about  $10.20  to  dry   your  clothes.   I  should  add  a  tip  about  air  drying:  Just  be   sure  to  do  it  outdoors.  Air  drying  indoors  adds   moisture  to  a  house.  That  can  create  undesir-­ able   conditions,   like   window   condensation,   mold,  wood  rot,  and  compromised  indoor  air   quality.   Compensating   for   that   with   a   dehu-­ PLGLÂżHU ZLOO DGG WR \RXU HOHFWULFLW\ ELOO 6R be  cautious  about  hanging  clothes  inside,  but   RXWGRRUDLUGU\LQJGHÂżQLWHO\LVDPRQH\VDY-­ er,  not  to  mention  a  way  to  get  great  smelling   laundry! -­  Kathleen  for  Ask  The  Home  Team

parents  could  set  up  an  advanced  power  strip   to   cut   power   to   the  TV,   game   consoles,   and   recording  devices  when  the  TV  is  turned  off. It   sounds   like ��  you   two   are   important   members  of  the  team  that  can  save   money  for  your  family.   -­  Bob  for  Ask  The  Home   Team

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We  are  11  years  old  and  9  years  old.  Our   parents  are  the  energy  police.  They  make   us  unplug  the  TV  after  we  watch  it.  They   say   it   wastes   energy   plugged   in.  Are   they   wrong?  Lamps  donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  do  that  so  why  would   the  TV?  They  will  believe  you.  Thank  you. Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re   right   about   lights   not   using   power   when   theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re   switched   off.   Your   parents,   though,   are   right   about   the   television.   You   see,   many   TVs   and   other   kinds   of   electron-­ ics  donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  really  turn  off  when  you  press  â&#x20AC;&#x153;off.â&#x20AC;?   They  go  into  standby  mode,  and  they  continue   to  use  electricity.  Lots  of  people  donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  know   that  they  could  be  paying  $100  or  more,  over   the  course  of  a  year,  to  keep  all  their  electron-­ ics  in  standby  mode. Unplugging  the  TV  solves  the  problem,  but   PDQ\ SHRSOH ÂżQG WKDW LWÂśV HDVLHU WR SOXJ WKH TV  into  a  power  strip,  which  they  switch  on   and  off.  If  your  parents  are  interested  in  look-­ LQJLQWRWKDWWKH\FDQÂżQGRQHDWWKHKDUGZDUH store.  In  fact,  there  is  an  advanced  power  strip   that  senses  when  the  TV  is  turned  off  and  then   shuts   off   power   to   the  TV   and   to   other   ma-­ chines   at   the   same   time.   For   example,   your  

Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m   going   to   be   add-­ ing   some   insulation   to   my   home,   and   I   hear   you   have   programs   to   help  pay  for  projects  like   that.   Do   I   have   to   use   a   certain  kind  of  insulation? Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m  glad  that  you  contacted   us   before   doing   the   work,   be-­ cause   our   rebate   programs   require   an  initial  home  energy  audit,  performed  by  a   FHUWLÂżHG+RPH3HUIRUPDQFHZLWK(QHUJ\6WDU contractor. The  contractor  will  perform  a  series  of  di-­ agnostic  tests  and  identify  areas  for  improve-­ ment  in  your  house  and  can  even  project  esti-­ mated  savings.  Together,  the  two  of  you  can   decide   which   projects   make   the   most   sense   to  tackle,  based  on  your  personal  budget  and   comfort  goals.  Often  times,  insulation  and  air   sealing  are  one  of  the  top  recommendations.   Your   contractor   will   have   ideas   for   which   types  are  best  for  your  home. From  there,  most  people  have  the  contrac-­ tor  do  the  work  for  them.  Another  approach,   and  it  sounds  like  this  might  be  what  youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re   interested  in,  is  to  do  the  work  yourself  under   WKHJXLGDQFHRIWKHFHUWLÂżHGFRQWUDFWRU(LWKHU DSSURDFKLVHOLJLEOHIRUUHEDWHVIURP(IÂżFLHQ-­ cy  Vermont  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  up  to  $2,000  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  and  both  will   save  energy  and  make  you  more  comfortable   in   your   home.  The   right   choice   for   you   just   depends  on  your  skill  level  and  the  amount  of   time  you  have. 9LVLW RXU ZHEVLWH DW ZZZHIÂżFLHQF\YHU-­ mont.com  to  get  started. -­  Li  Ling  for  Ask  The  Home  Team Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m   afraid   our   furnace   wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t   make   it   through   another   year.   There   are   a   lot   of   options   on   the   market.   What   do   you   rec-­ ommend? The  right  heating  system  really  depends  on   the   house.   To   choose   the   one   best   for   your   KRPH FRQWDFW D +RPH 3HUIRUPDQFH ZLWK (QHUJ\6WDU FRQWUDFWRU 7KHVH SURV FDQ GR a   whole-­house   evaluation,   and   will   let   you   know   what   type   of   furnace   would   be   best.   Theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re   not   actually   selling   you   a   furnace,   so  you  can  depend  on  their  unbiased  advice.   They  will  also  determine  steps  you  can  take   to  lower  your  heating  costs  overall. That  said,  we  do  have  a  section  of  our  web-­ site  dedicated  to  home  heating  and  the  vari-­

ous   systems   Vermonters   use.   To   learn   more   DERXWKRPHKHDWLQJDQGWRÂżQGDOLVWRI9HU-­ PRQW FRQWUDFWRUV YLVLW ZZZHIÂżFLHQF\YHU-­ mont.com.  Best  of  luck! -­  Bob  for  Ask  The  Home  Team I  know  that  CFLs  use  less  energy,  but  I   feel  like  the  one  on  our  porch  takes  so  long   to  get  bright,  itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  not  practical.  Are  tradi-­ tional  bulbs  better  for  outside? As  it  gets  colder  outside,  it  takes  a  bit  lon-­ JHUIRUFRPSDFWĂ&#x20AC;XRUHVFHQWOLJKWV &)/V WR FRPHWRIXOOEULJKWQHVV6RWKH\DUHQÂśWDJUHDW ÂżWIRUOLJKWVLQRXWGRRUVSRWVZKHUH\RXZDQW short   periods   of   instant   light;Íž   at   least   not   in   our  Vermont  winters. For   a   bulb   that   isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t   affected   by   the   cold   and  saves  energy,  too,  you  might  take  a  look   at  light  emitting  diodes  (LEDs).  These  are  a   newer  technology  and  still  a  bit  more  expen-­ sive   than   CFLs,   but   their   performance   and   longevity   are   really   impressive.   And   right   now,   some   Vermont   lighting   retailers   â&#x20AC;&#x201D;   in   SDUWQHUVKLSZLWK(IÂżFLHQF\9HUPRQW²RIIHU already-­discounted   pricing   on   LEDs,   or   an   instant   coupon   good   for   $10   off   the   regular   price. An  added  bonus  of  LEDs  is  that  their  light   LV PRUH FRQFHQWUDWHG LQ D VSHFLÂżF GLUHFWLRQ whereas   both   incandescent   and   CFL   bulbs   emit   light   in   all   directions.  The   more   direc-­ tional  light  of  LEDs  is  perfect  for  out-­ doors.   You   get   the   light   where   you   need   it   most   (on   your   porch)   and   not   where   you   donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t   (like   the   sky,   or   your  neighborâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  lawn). -­Li  Ling  for  Ask  The   Home  Team I  think  itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  time  for  a   new   refrigerator.   Can   you   recommend   a   good   one? I  canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  recommend  a  specif-­ LFPRGHOEXW(QHUJ\6WDUTXDOLÂżHGUHIULJHUD-­ tors  use  20  percent  less  electricity  than  non-­ TXDOLÂżHG PRGHOV$QG LI \RX KDYH DQ ROGHU refrigerator,   it   likely   uses   more   electricity   than  any  other  appliance  in  your  home. Old  refrigerators  can  make  up  to  12.5  per-­ cent   of   your   total   electricity   use,   so   replac-­ LQJRQHRIWKRVHZLWKDQ(QHUJ\6WDUPRGHOLV going  to  make  a  real  difference  in  your  bills.   3OXV ZKHQ \RX SXUFKDVH VHOHFW (QHUJ\6WDU refrigerators  and  freezers,  you  could  be  eligi-­ EOHIRUDUHEDWHIURP(IÂżFLHQF\9HUPRQW -­Kathleen  for  Ask  The  Home  Team You  have  to  help  me  do  an  intervention   with   my   dad   about   air   conditioning!   Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m   12   and   I   learned   in   school   about   how   to  

save  energy.  Air  conditioning  is  an  energy   hog  but  my  dad  acts  like  heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll  die  without   LW+HVD\VWKDWLI,FDQÂżQGDQRWKHUZD\WR stay  cool,  heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll  do  it.  I  know  you  can  help,   so  please  will  you  give  me  information  that   will  help?   Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s   true   that   some   houses   in  Vermont   can   stay  cool  without  air  conditioning.  I  donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  know   if   your   house   is   one   of   them,   but   Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m   glad   to   share  some  tips  that  I  give  to  homeowners  who   want   to   reduce   the   need   for   air   conditioning.   Good  luck  to  you  and  your  dad! In   the   cooler   evening   and   early   morning   hours,   turn   off   the   air   conditioning   and   open   windows   on   opposite   sides   of   the   house   to   create   cross-­ventilation.   Use   a   window   fan,   blowing  toward  the  outside,  to  pull  cool  air  in   through  other  windows  and  to  push  hot  air  out.   $VWKHGD\ZDUPV\RXPD\ÂżQGWKDW\RXIHHO more  comfortable  with  windows  and  coverings   closed  against  direct  sunlight. On   hot   days,   delay   heat-­producing   tasks,   such  as  dishwashing,  baking,  or  doing  laun-­ dry,  until  the  cooler  evening  or  early  morning   hours. Use   a   bath   fan   to   remove   heat   and   mois-­ ture  generated  by  showers.  And,  if  the  kitchen   range  hood  fan  exhausts  to  the  outdoors,  use   it  to  remove  hot  air  created  by  cooking. Keep   cool   air   in   and   hot   air   out:   Caulk   around  window  and  door  frames,  use  weather   stripping   on   exterior   doors,   and   have   a   professional   VHH WKH ÂżQDO WLS EHORZ  seal   gaps   where   air   can   travel   between   the   attic   and  your  living  space. To   reduce   both   cool-­ ing   and   heating   costs   and   make   a   home   more   comfortable   year-­round,   homeowners   can   take   a   whole-­house   approach:   $+RPH3HUIRUPDQFHZLWK (QHUJ\6WDU FRQWUDFWRU FDQ ÂżQG DQG Âż[ WKH FDXVHV RI KLJK HQHUJ\ ELOOV uncomfortably   hot   or   cold/drafty   rooms,   moisture  problems,  ice  dams,  and  more.  Ef-­ ÂżFLHQF\ 9HUPRQW RIIHUV ÂżQDQFLDO LQFHQWLYHV to   homeowners   for   energy-­saving   improve-­ ments  completed  by  these  contractors.  If  your   GDGZDQWVWROHDUQPRUHRUWRÂżQGDFRQWUDF-­ WRUKHFDQYLVLWRXU+RPH3HUIRUPDQFHZLWK (QHUJ\6WDUVHFWLRQWRJHWVWDUWHG -­  Kathleen  for  Ask  The  Home  Team (GLWRUÂśV QRWH Âł7KH +RPH 7HDP´ DW (IÂż-­ ciency  Vermont  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  Li  Ling  Young,  Bob  Mur-­ phy  and  Kathleen  Brown  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  answer  questions   about   saving   energy.   Read   more   tips   or   ask   \RXU RZQ TXHVWLRQV DW ZZZHIÂżFLHQF\YHU-­ mont.com/askthehometeam   or   call,   toll-­free,   1-­888-­921-­5990.

Learn  the   best  ways  to   put  pesticides   on  the  garden 5$1'2/3+ &(17(5 ² )DUP-­ ers,  foresters,  landscapers,  greenhouse   and  nursery  personnel,  pest  control  op-­ erators  and  others  who  use  restricted-­ use   pesticides   to   produce   agricultural   commodities   are   required,   by   law,   to   have   a   Vermont   pesticide   applicator   OLFHQVH&HUWL¿FDWLRQLQYROYHVSDVVLQJ DZULWWHQH[DPLQDWLRQZLWKUHFHUWL¿FD-­ WLRQHYHU\¿YH\HDUV On  April  23  University  of  Vermont   Extension  and  the  Vermont  Agency  of   Agriculture,   Food   and   Markets   will   conduct  a  review  session,  beginning  at   9  a.m.,  and  a  written  examination  for   LQLWLDOFHUWL¿FDWLRQIURPWRSPDW Vermont  Technical   College   (VTC)   in   Randolph   Center.   Licensed   pesticide   applicators  also  may  attend  to  receive   WZR9HUPRQWUHFHUWL¿FDWLRQFUHGLWV Registration   is   $20   if   paid   by   April   12,   or   $30   after   that   date.   For   registration   Registration information   and   is $20 if a   download-­ paid by able   form,   go   to   April 12, or http://pss.uvm. $30 after edu/pesp/Initial-­ that date. Cert2013flyer. pdf.   Lunch   is   not   included   in   the   fee   and   may   be   purchased   at   the   VTC   cafeteria   or   brought  from  home. Training   is   based   on   the   new   1RUWKHDVW3HVWLFLGH$SSOLFDWRU&RUH Manual   (released   November   2012),   which   costs   $35   and   must   be   pur-­ chased  for  study  in  advance.  Contact   Matthew  Wood,  Vermont  Agency  of   Agriculture,   at   (802)   828-­3482   or   matthew.wood@state.vt.us. Topics  to  be  covered  in  the  review   session   include   state   and   federal   pesticide   laws   and   regulations,   pest   LGHQWL¿FDWLRQ DQG FRQWURO SHVWLFLGH formulations,  equipment  calibration,   protective   equipment   and   personal   VDIHW\DQG¿UVWDLGIRUSHVWLFLGHSRL-­ soning,  among  other  areas. After   passing   the   core   exam   for   LQLWLDOFHUWL¿FDWLRQDQ\RQHUHTXLULQJ commercial   or   non-­commercial   cer-­ WL¿FDWLRQLVUHTXLUHGWRWDNHDGGLWLRQ-­ DOH[DPVIRUVSHFL¿FFDWHJRULHV1R category  exams  will  be  given  on  this   date   but   may   be   scheduled   through   the   Vermont  Agency   of  Agriculture   by  calling  (802)  828-­3482.

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PAGE  8C  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  Addison  Independent,  Thursday,  March  28,  2013

Planting  is  key  to  a  healthy  tree

Vermont Insulated Concrete Forms 'HVLJQ3URIHVVLRQDOVÂ&#x2021;%XLOGHUVÂ&#x2021;+RPHRZQHUV have us quote your project today. VTICF@aol.com Toll free 866-­VT-­FORMS 97,&)Â&#x2021;32%R[:DWHUEXU\97

DONâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;T LIVE IN THE PAST-­ BUILD FOR THE FUTURE! An AMVIC home is warm, safe, green and sustainable. Let us show you!

Earth  Day  and  Arbor  Day  are  coming  in  April.  Celebrate   WKHZRQGURXVEHQHÂżWVRIWUHHVDQGPDNHDZLVHLQYHVWPHQW E\SODQWLQJDVKDGHWUHHLQ\RXU\DUG%XWEHIRUH\RXSODQW WDNHVRPHDGYLFHIURPWKHH[SHUWVWRKHOS\RXUQHZWUHH OLYHDORQJWLPH  Âł7RR RIWHQ FRQVXPHUV ZDVWH KXQGUHGV RI GROODUV RQ WUHHVWKDWZLOOGLHEHFDXVHWKH\ZHUHSODQWHGWRRGHHS´FDX-­ WLRQV7FKXNNL$QGHUVHQD%RDUG&HUWLÂżHG0DVWHU$UERULVW DQGVWDIIDUERULVWZLWKWKH7UHH&DUH,QGXVWU\$VVRFLDWLRQ Âł3URSHUSODQWLQJLVDEVROXWHO\HVVHQWLDOIRUWKHVXFFHVVRI DWUDQVSODQWHGWUHH´VD\V$QGHUVHQÂł8VLQJTXDOLW\SODQWV DQGIROORZLQJXSZLWKJRRGWUHHFDUHSUDFWLFHVVXFKDVZD-­ WHULQJSUXQLQJDQGIHUWLOL]LQJZLOOQRWVDYHDSRRUO\SODQW-­ HGWUHH7KHPRVWFRPPRQPLVWDNHLVSODQWLQJWKHURRWEDOO WRRGHHS´VKHVD\V $QGHUVHQDGYLVHVFRQVXPHUVWRIROORZWKHVHSODQWLQJ guidelines: Â&#x2021; 0HDVXUHWKHKHLJKWDQGGLDPHWHURIWKHURRWEDOO or  root  spread. Â&#x2021; 'LJWKHKROHMXVWGHHSHQRXJKWRDOORZWKH ÂżUVW VWUXFWXUDO URRW WR EH DW OHYHO JUDGH 7KH holeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  diameter  should  be  two  to  three  times  the   GLDPHWHURIWKHURRWEDOORUURRWVSUHDG Â&#x2021; 6HW WKH WUHH RQ XQGLVWXUEHG VROLG JURXQG LQ WKH FHQWHURIWKHKROH7KHWUHHVKRXOGEHSODQWHGVRWKDW WKHURRWĂ&#x20AC;DUHWKHEDVHRIWKHWUHHWUXQNZKHUHWKHURRWV EHJLQWRÂłĂ&#x20AC;DUHRXW´LVYLVLEOHDQGDERYHJUDGH Â&#x2021; %DFNÂżOOZLWKVRLOIURPWKHSODQWLQJKROHXVLQJZDWHU WRSDFNRUVHWWOHWKHVRLODURXQGWKHURRWEDOO'RQRWWDPS soil  by  stepping  on  it. Â&#x2021; 0XOFKWKHSODQWLQJDUHDZLWKWRLQFKHVRIDQRU-­ ganic  mulch  such  as  wood  chips.  Do  not  mulch  up  to  or  

DJDLQVWWKHWUXQN6WDUWWKHPXOFKLQFKHVDZD\IURPWKH WUHHWUXQN Â&#x2021; 7UHHVVKRXOGEHSUXQHGDIWHUSODQWLQJWRUHPRYHRQO\ EURNHQGDPDJHGGLVHDVHGRUGHDGEUDQFKHV Â&#x2021; 6WDNHDQGRUSURWHFWWKHWUXQNRIWKHWUHHLIWKHUHLVD UHDOSRWHQWLDOIRUZLQGGDPDJHRUODZQPRZHULQMXU\5H-­ PRYHWKHJX\ZLUHV VWULQJURSHZLUHRURWKHUVXSSRUWV  ZKHQWKHVWDNLQJLVQRORQJHUQHHGHGRUWKHWUHHFRXOGEH LQMXUHGRUHYHQNLOOHGIURPJLUGOLQJE\WKHZLUH Â&#x2021; 2QHWRWKUHH\HDUVDIWHUSODQW-­ LQJ SUXQH WR GHYHORS D JRRG branch  structure  once  the  tree   has   become   established   LQ LWV QHZ KRPH 1HYHU UHPRYH PRUH WKDQ  SHUFHQWRIWRWDOIROLDJH LQRQH\HDU 'HSHQG-­ ing   on   the   tree   and   its   con-­ GLWLRQ VRPH DUERULVWV DGYR-­ cate  capping  prun-­ LQJ DW HYHQ D ORZHU SHUFHQWDJH  Editorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s  note:  This  story   was   provided   by   the   Tree   Care  Industry  Association.

Smoke  alarm  sensors  have  a  life  span By  GAIL  LAPIERRE VPRNH DODUPV LV WR GR LW ZKHQ \RX 'LG\RXNQRZWKDWKDYLQJDZRUN-­ VHW\RXUFORFNVEDFNLQIDOORUDKHDG LQJ VPRNH DODUP UHGXFHV D SHU-­ in  spring.  You  also  need  to  re-­ VRQÂśVFKDQFHRIG\LQJLQDÂżUH SODFHWKHEDWWHU\LI\RXWHVW E\KDOI" the  unit  and  donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t  hear  the   )RUWKHEHVWSURWHFWLRQ alarm   or   anytime   you   LQVWDOO VPRNH DODUPV RQ KHDU D ÂłFKLUS´ ZKLFK HYHU\OHYHORI\RXUKRPH indicates   low   battery   LQFOXGLQJ WKH EDVHPHQW power. RXWVLGH HYHU\ VOHHSLQJ 6PRNH DODUP VHQVRUV DUHD DQG LQ HYHU\ EHG-­ GR QRW ODVW IRUHYHU 7KH URRP 6PRNH DODUPV VKRXOG PD[LPXP OLIH VSDQ LV HLJKW be  mounted  on  ceilings  or   Smoke alarm WR  \HDUV $IWHU WKDW KLJK RQ ZDOOV DERXW IRXU sensors do not WLPH WKH HQWLUH XQLW WRLQFKHVIURPWKHFHLO-­ should  be  replaced. last forever. LQJDQGWHVWHGPRQWKO\E\ &KHFN WKH PDQXIDF-­ The maximum pushing  the  test  button. WXUH GDWH RQ WKH EDFN ,WÂśV DOVR LPSRUWDQW WR life span is RI WKH XQLW ,I WKHUH LV UHSODFH VPRNH DODUP EDW-­ eight to 10 QRQHGHÂżQLWHO\UHSODFH teries   at   least   once   a   year   years. After WKH HQWLUH XQLW QRZ 2U unless   they   are   10-­year   that time, the LI WKH XQLW GRHV QRW UH-­ OLWKLXP EDWWHULHV ,I \RXU spond   properly   when   VPRNH DODUPV DUH KDUG entire unit WHVWHGUHSODFHLWLPPH-­ ZLUHGWKH\VWLOOKDYHEDW-­ should be diately. WHULHV LQ FDVH RI D SRZHU replaced. 0RVWKDUGZDUHVWRUHV outage.  Be  sure  to  replace   carry   both   battery-­op-­ WKHVHEDWWHULHVWRR HUDWHG LRQL]DWLRQ DQG SKRWRHOHFWULF 2QH JRRG ZD\ WR UHPHPEHU WR VPRNH DODUPV IRU DERXW  WR  change   the   batteries   in   all   your   DSLHFH ,RQL]DWLRQ DODUPV DUH WULJ-­

JHUHGE\VPRNHDQGUHVSRQGTXLFNO\ WR KHDW DQG Ă&#x20AC;DPHV 3KRWRHOHFWULF DODUPV GHWHFW VPRNH IURP D VPRO-­ GHULQJÂżUHEHIRUHLWVSUHDGVUDSLGO\ ,WÂśVUHFRPPHQGHGWKDW\RXKDYHERWK types  in  your  home. 6PRNH DODUPV FRQWDLQLQJ WKHVH WZRW\SHVRIVHQVRUVLQWKHVDPHXQLW DOVRDUHDYDLODEOHDWPDQ\RXWOHWV2U consider  replacing  your  alarms  with   WKH QHZHU FRPELQDWLRQ VPRNH DQG FDUERQPRQR[LGHW\SHXQLWV 5HJDUGOHVV RI ZKDW \RX FKRRVH DOZD\VORRNIRUWKH8/ 8QGHUZULW-­ HUV/DERUDWRULHV RURWKHUUHFRJQL]HG testing  laboratory  label.  And  remem-­ EHU WR ZULWH WKH GDWH RI LQVWDOODWLRQ LQVLGHWKHDODUPÂśVFRYHUDVDUHPLQG-­ HURIZKHQ\RXZLOOQHHGWRUHSODFH the  unit. 'RQÂśW WDNH FKDQFHV 7KH FRVW RI D QHZ EDWWHU\ RU QHZ VPRNH DODUP ²DQGDIHZPLQXWHVRI\RXUWLPHD month  to  test  the  alarm  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  is  a  small   SULFHWRSD\IRU\RXUIDPLO\ÂśVVDIHW\ Editorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s   note:   Gail   Lapierre   is   the  Vermont  AgrAbility  Project  Out-­ reach  Specialist  for  the  University  of   Vermont  Extension.

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Check out these local businesses for help with your home improvement projects!


Addison  Independent,  Thursday,  March  28,  2013  —  PAGE  9C

After  the  audit

THE  BORDEN-­O’DONOHUE  residence  in  Weybridge   recently  completed  a  major  weatherization  project.   Laurie  Borden,  husband  Richard  O’Donohue  and   Laurie’s  mom,  Margaret  Borden,  have  always  been   energy-­conscious  and  decided  to  submit  their  home   to  an  energy  audit.  They  learned  there  was  a  lot  they   could  do  to  make  the  home  more  weather-­tight,  and   ultimately  invested  more  than  $9,800  in  recommended   upgrades. Laurie  Borden,  right,  recently  showed  off  new  in-­ sulation  in  the  basement;;  above  left,  a  hot  water  tank   that  works  with  a  new  solar  hot  water  collector;;  above   center,  air-­sealing  weather  stripping  on  doors;;  and,   above  right,  an  upgraded  attic  hatch  with  new  insula-­ tion  in  the  attic. With  these  and  other  upgrades  the  family  expects  to   save  24  percent  in  energy  costs  each  year. Independent  photos/Trent  Campbell

NEW  ZERO  COST  INSTALLATION AllSun  Trackers  can  now  be  installed  for  no  upfront  cost.  Instead  of  purchasing  your   electricity  from  the  grid,  purchase  it  from  a  Solar  Tracker  installed  on  your  property.   WĂLJĂŵŽŶƚŚůLJďŝůů͕ũƵƐƚĂƐLJŽƵǁŽƵůĚLJŽƵƌƵƟůŝƚLJďŝůůĨŽƌLJŽƵƌƐŽůĂƌĞůĞĐƚƌŝĐŝƚLJ͘ ĂůůŽƌĞŵĂŝůĨŽƌŵŽƌĞŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶ͘

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PAGE  10C  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  Addison  Independent,  Thursday,  March  28,  2013

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Addison  Independent,  Thursday,  March  28,  2013  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  PAGE  11C

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PAGE  12C  â&#x20AC;&#x201D;  Addison  Independent,  Thursday,  March  28,  2013

Goodro Lumber COMPANY,  INC. 5W (DVW0LGGOHEXU\97

WE  DELIVER.  FREE. Fast,  friendly  delivery  serving  Vermont and  the  North  Country  for  83  years.

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Home Improvement March 28, 2013