__MAIN_TEXT__

Page 1


1 ISBN: 979-81-8339-474-1

Quarterly Journal

PRAVE SPECIAL ISSUE ON

MOHAMMAD AHSAN AHSAN Vol:28-29

Chief Editor Ab. Ahad Hajini

Editor Dr. Amin Fayaz

Sub Editors Jameel Ansari

ADBEE MARKAZ KAMRAZ Jammu & Kashmir www.prave.in adbeemarkazkashmir@gmail.com


2

INDEX S.No

Title

Author/ Translator

P.No

I

Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan Man behind the Scene

Dr.Syed Shujaat Bukhari

3

II

My Encounters with Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan

Dr. Farooq Fayaz

6

Remembering some impressions of Life and Works of Ahsan Sahab

Dr. Marouf Shah

9

IV

Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan Man with Mission

Brij Nath Betab

17

V

Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan

III

Art as Vocation

20

His contribution to the Kashmiri Language, Literature and Society

Dr. Ameen Fayaz

VI The translation by Mohammad Ahsan AhsanA Glimpse

Dr. Shafqat Altaf

29

VII Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan An Introduction

by: Gh Nabi Aatash

32

VIII Khanqahi Sheikh-ul-Aalam

by: Mohd Ahsan Ahsan

36

Translated by: Ameen Fayaz Translated by: Sonaullah Niyaz

39

Face

by: Mohd Ahsan Ahsan

X

Humour in Kashmiri Folk Lore

by: Mohd Ahsan Ahsan

41

XI

I Won't Write

by: Mohd Ahsan Ahsan

47

XII Legend Never Die A tribute to Mohd Ahsan Ahsan

Dr. Riyaz-ul- Hassan

50

XIII Tribute to Mohd Ahsan Ahsan

Dr. Jawaid Bin Nabi

52

Translated by: Aejaz Mohd Sheikh Translated by: Sonaullah Niyaz Translated by: Aejaz Mohd Sheikh




3

Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan The man behind the scene Dr. Syed Shujaat Bukhari

W hen I glance at

a priceless treasure I

never had ever thought of joining the AMK

have preserved in my portfolio,I come across

as a member and not to think of reaching the

a signature that authenticates not just my

top most position in the organization. In 80's

merit but the passion I have for my mother

the organization, which eventually became

tongue - Kashmiri. The treasure is "Kamyabi

the biggest and most vibrant one in the field

henz Sanad" (Certificate of success ) a

of literature and culture was almost in every

testimonial, in fact a few, I received in mid

home of north Kashmir, as these certificates

80's after I appeared for yearly Kashmiri

would slip in to those homes since thousands

examination, Adbee Markaz Kamraz would

of students would voluntarily take part in the

conduct in schools and colleges throughout

examination. The credit for making those

Kamraz (North Kashmir). The laborious job of

examinations a credible and most sought

connecting people from one corner to other

after plateform to get recognition would go to

and makes it sure that the examination

Ahsan Saheb.

process culminates efficiently and

A poet, researcher, translator and a

transparently was taken up by an able

good manager, he had all the skills that

organizer named Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan.

would make him some one to be looked

He was the controller of examination, hence

upon. For all who worked with him he was a

his signature was on the certificate to testify

guide and mentor who would never lose his

that the students have successfully passed

co ol. AMK n ow in 4 6t h yea r, is a big

the test. On both sides it was a voluntary

institution and running its affairs has become

effort to keep the spirit of connect with

an uphill task with each passing day but

language going. Ahsan Saheb as I came to

people like him made the journey of this

know him later was not just doing it as a

literary sanctua ry ea sy. Ma naging the

member of AMK of which, he was a co

finances with out even telling others as to

founder but was avowed activist whose

how the crises could be dealt which was a

heart and mind was in a struggle to protect

virtue, which we will miss. Ahsan Saheb was

and preserve the language.

a man behind the show but always prefer to

When I used to sit in the examination as

remain on the sidelines avoiding the photo-

a student at middle an secondary level, I

ops. His connect with members of (AMK has


4 hundreds ) was real and forthcoming. He was

passion that made him an inalienable part of

a man of intricate details who would never

the biggest linguistic movement in the satae.

compromise on the quality and never let the

Not on ly did Ah sa n Sa ha b p lay a

guard down vis- a- vis the movement for

glorious role in shaping up organizations

preserving and protecting the Kashmiri

such as AMK and Halqa-e- Adab but his

language.

c o n t ri b u ti o n t o K a s h mi r i l i t e r a t u r e i s

Ahsan Saheb had a great sense of

immense. As an Assistant Editor at Jammu

humour and that too subtle. Even I was just

and Kashmir Academy of Art, Culture and

h i s s o n , h e wo u l d a l wa y s m a k e m e

Languages, he pieced together a huge

comf ortable by adding humour to

amount of research thus documenting some

conversation. And that was the way to keep

important aspects of Kashmiri literature.

things going. When I was reluctant to contest

Himself being a writer and poet he made a

elections for the post of general secretary for

difference by treading on a path that was

the second term in 2012 Ahsan Saheb forced

creative but simplified the expression of

me to seek another term saying, " You can

thought. For many young writers he was an

not be so cruel to leave an organization you

inspiration who would guide them to the right

have cherished". He added though nobody is

path.

indispensable yet you are needed at AMK".

For all of at AMK and particularly for me

He also made late Prof. Rasheed Nazki to

as a person his departure is a great loss.

sp e a k t o me wh o s e wo r d wa s ju s t a

Kashmiri language lost a great benefactor.

command for all of us. The point here is that

To go to the other world is part of the destiny,

he was deeply involved in working towards

which no one can challenge or escape but

making AMK a sustainable institution that

some losses are unbearable and have hardly

had grown as a giant tree from a sapling he

any replacement. Ahsan Saheb belonged to

had planted with others. He wanted to see it

a class of writers and language activists and

turn greener every day.

they have gone one by one. We are losing a

On August 27, when Halqa- e- Adab

cover of elderly wisdom and that is a

Sonaawari of which he was the president

handicap in many ways. We will feel the

organized a memorial function to pay tributes

vacuum for long times as it is difficult to fill in.

to AMK founder Prof. Mohiuddin Hajini he

As we accept his parting way, he will remain

was on tenterhooks, since he could not

in our spirits and will continue to guide us in

attend it due to a death in the family. But his

our endeavour to work for our language and

fingers were on phone and he was calling

create credible institution that serves as

people about the progress the whole day.

plateform for discussion, dissent, argument

When I spoke to him he was felt sad and

and counter argument. We are committed to

said " This is perhaps first Hajini day in last

take the legacy of Hajini, Nazki, Ansari and

20 years which I have missed". It was

Ahsan forward with same zeal and zest. May

actually the sense of responsibility driven by

Allah have mercy on us and he be pleased


5 with our colleague whose going is painful. How important he was for me and all of us has been beautifully summed up one of our distinguished poets Shabir Ahmad Shabir in his couplet; (The article was contributed by Dr. Shujat Bukhari to the daily Rising Kashmir immediately after the death of Ahsan Saheb on September 13. 2017. It is reproduced for the readers of the Prave magazine.)



                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                           

                                                    


6

My Encounters with

Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan Prof.Farooq Fayaz

C onditioned

in simple, sincere and a

the officers in the room except Ahsan Sahib

modest rural landscape, Mohammad Ahsan

started talking to me in a manner as if I knew

Ahsan continued the set of practices and

them for years. The official colleagues of my

patterns he inherited from his family and

brother and friends of Ahsan Sahib threw lot

social atmosphere till his demise in the year

of pleasantries which later on proved false

2017. though believing little in conversation

a n d ho a x. B ut A h san S a h ib wh ile

and gabbling, that too at public places,

accompanying me to the administrative

Ahsan Sahib fell never short of words, idioms

section of the Academy told me in a very

amnd metaphors while deliberating on any

plain language that " O young boy, don't get

serious and sensitive literary topic or theme

misled by the comments of my colleagues,

d u r in g d e b a t e s a n d d i s c u s s io n s. I f I

we remain fully engaged with our official

remember correctively, my first encounter

business. In the f ield of research and

with Ahsan Sahib took long back in the year

scholarship you will have to traverse all alone

1978 when d uring my P. G dip loma in

to reach the destination." These words of

Kashmiri, I, visited research section of

Ahsan Sahib could not offer my any solace,

Jammu and Kashmir Cultural Academy at Lal

instead, I felt pained at his gesture. But the

Mandi office Srinagar. This was in connection

truth stands that the advice he lent me

with some academic pursuit assigned ton me

radiated his nobleness of soul and

by Prof. Rahman Rahi, then senior fellow in

straightforwardness which are considered to

the department of Kashmiri. Dropping at

be the corner stone of one's character and

Academy's Lal Mandi office, I enquired from

personality. During the days ahead, when I

my elder brother,Ab. Gani Sahab, the light

got registered as a full time scholar for

designer, about Ahsan Sahib. The response

pursuing M.Phil and Ph.D in the faculty of

to my query though brief was extensive

Social Science, the advice once given to me

inwardly as it qualified the personality of

by Ahsan Sahib proved absolutely true.

Ahsan Sahib in totality. He told me, Ahsan

Untrue to their so- called promise and

Sahib sits along with his colleagues in one

pleasantries , the other colleagues of Ahsan

room but unlike his colleagues he speaks the

Sahib never came forward with even a least

la n g u a ge o f s ilen c e . Th e met a p h or ic

sign of assistance or guidance. True, with

expression of my brother regarding the

every passing day, the striking academic and

person in question began to unravel when all

personal flaws of those colleagues and


7 friends of Ahsan Sahib came to be exposed

Inayatullah, Sonaullah Niyaz and others. My

and my scholarly reaction to those flaws was

presence, I believe prompted them to have a

never guided by any personal animosity,

live discussion on a number of literary

prejudice or ill will but on the basis of well

matters. In response to one of the queries

established evidences or arguments.

relating to the literary contribution of Wahab

The second encounter with Mohammad

Parray Hajini as raised by Taskeen Sahib, I,

Ahsan Ahsan took place at his ancestral

while attempting to examine the diverse

residence in Hajin in Dec. 1985. I had gone

lit erary con tribu tion s of W aha b Hajini

to see my friend Mohammad Maqbool Bhat,

reminded the literatures present about his

at Madvan, a village at the edge of Wular

role as a revenue contractor and as a

lake at a distance of some three and a half

collaborator of rapacious Dogra official -

klilometres from Hajin town. On my return

dom.To my surprise, a person sitting in the

from Madvan the very next day, Dr. Aziz

room reacted sharply during the discourse

Hajini insisted me to spend the night at his

and started ridiculing the urbanties. Ahsan

residence which I readily agreed to with an

Sahib and his other village friends and

intention to see Ahsan Sahib next day. The

associates felt a bit perturbed and urged me

love, warmth and hospitality shown by my

to elaborate my argument in the light of

friend during the night stay at Hajin continues

historical narrative. After a detailed speech

to fountain fragrance even today and remind

on the topic in the light of diverse literary

me of the good old days when Kashmiri

evidences, Ahsan Sahib unwrapped himself

v i l l a g e f o l k e v e n wi t h o u t t h e b a s i c

from the woolen blanket, and after taking few

requirements of life treated the guest with

puffs of huqa, delivered an extensive speech

heartfelt love, affection and respect. After a

wherein he threw light on the causation of

presentable traditional rural breakfast, at

W a hab 's association with Do gra

about 10 am we proceeded towards Ahsan

administrative system and the forces that

Sahib's residence in near by Par Mohalla of

prompted him latter on to dis- associate

village Hajin, hardly quarter a kilometer away

h ims e lf f r o m t h e lo c a l a d min istr a t i ve

from Dr. Hajini's house. I witnessed Ahsan

structure.

Sahib wrapped in

a traditional woolen

On yet another occasion during the

blanket known as tcadar, as reportedly he

annual conference of Adbi Markaz Kamraz

was unwell for the last few days. With in a

held at Qammaria Hiagher Secondary School

couple of moments, hot Kashmiri tea in small

Ganderbal, in 2007,Mohammad Ahsan

copper samovar was served to us along with

Ahsan got a chance to encounter me. This

all the people present already there. Dr.

chance came his way when a Kashmiri

Hajini introduced me to some of the persons

pandit representative ( R. L Bhat ) in an open

who had already been there with Ahsan

deliberative session advocated for the usage

Sahib in his small cozy room. Among those

of a parallel script for Kashmiri in Devnagri

present there included, Gh. Hassan Taskeen,

on the plea that the young Kashmiri pandit


8 generation has been brought up in a different

Sahib's personality. One such trait was his

geo- cultural atmosphere and hence are not

style of soft speech and sincerity of thought

aware about the current Nastaliq script,

as well as action. He hardly believed in

operational for modern Kashmiri. In order to

projection and hypocrisy. He would never get

keep this generation of Kashmir connected

irritated even if given a chance to react or

with the cultural roots, it is necessary to allow

respond so. In his social domain, he would

them to use Devnagri script for Kashmiri. My

seldom draw a strict line of separation or

argument led to an intense debate but failed

difference between a friend and an enemy.

to make any positive headway as majority of

His hospitality was unparallel to all, even his

the members disagreed with point of view.

enemies acknowledge this fact in public.

Next day after taking breakfast, while strolling

Totha, as he was lovingly called by his near

on the river bank, Ahsan Sahib reminded me

and dear ones, was truly an epitome of love,

of my argument in favour of an alternate

goodwill and sacrifice. He could hardly bear

Devnagri script. To convince him,I, explained

to see someone in pain and distress. He

my p oint of v ie w f rom a varie ty o f

used ton feel extremely perturbed in finding

perspectives and emphasized upon the need

his friends and relatives in agony and would

of adopting an alternate script to ensure and

do his best to explore the possible ways to

sustain the linguistic and cultural connectivity

offer them consolation and comfort.

of the generation of Kashmiri pandits who

(Prof. Farooq Fayaz teaches History at the

had been brought up in entirely different

Department of History, University of Kashmir. His

cultural landscape. In response to my stand

areas of research include Kashmiri History. He has

point, Ahsan Sahib grumbled for some time-

published papers and books on Kashmiri culture and

a mood unusual from a person like him and

ethos and played an instrumental role in making the

continued to justify the stand taken on the

use of literary data for historical analysis.)

subject by the participants in the conference. The crux of his argument centered round the point that if alternate script in devnagri is allowed to be used, it is sure to divorce or disconnect the language form its established or defined socio- religious matrix. I had enough ground to disagree with Ahsan Sahib but in presence of his noble personality and deep conviction, I could not dare to react bluntly, instead, I begged for pardon and excuse. Judged against the backdrop of encounters referred above, there comes to fore some major characteristics of Ahsan




9

Art as Vocation Remembering some Impressions of Life and Work of

Mohd Ahsan Ahsan Dr. Mohammad Maroof Shah There are many reasons to think of

was rather hard to keep him on talking

Hajin as a premier cultural post of Kashmir

mode. Culture might have been his livelihood

that has produced poets, Sufis, scholars and

for sometime but it was his wazeefa as well.

cultural activists of the first rank although

He spent life editing, compiling, creating and

n o n e o f t h e m g o t d u ly re c o gn ize d o r

managing resources of culture. He helped

translated for larger literary audience of the

rescue out of oblivion some lesser known but

world. The project of presenting Hajin on the

not less significant poets. He did much to

cultural landscape of Kashmir and larger

transmit to new generation love of literary

world is still awaited. Ahsan Saheb was

c u l t u r e b e s i d e s c o n t r i b u t i n g h i ms e l f

Mr.Dependable or the Dravid of cultural team

significantly to study of art and literature; his

of North Kashmir. As long as he was around,

monographs and entries in Encyclopaedia of

the team of Adbi Markaz Kamraz or Halqa-i

Kashmiri and on as diverse issues as add up

Adab Sonawari felt a fatherly presence that

to b e no teworth y contributio n to

would, anyway, take care of things. It is rarely

dissemination of understanding Kashmiri

that literary or cultural organizations get

culture. Prof. Rashid Nazki known for his

workers who are truly karma yogis. It is the

rather niggardly attitude praised Ahsan

sweat of such literary workers as Ahsan

Saheb in no uncertain terms. Most of his

Saheb that irrigates the literary soil.

contemporaries found something in him to be

Ahsan was every inch a man of culture;

treasured. His work treasured what was there

he breathed or exuded certain values we

to be treasured, especially from his home

associated with being cultured. It is a rare

a re a a n d we n o w n e ed t o f in is h a n d

sign of being cultured that a literary figure

consolidate his unfinished work. Abdul Ahad

could avoid speaking ill of fellow writers. He

Hajini's valuable documentary work on

had enough of critical acumen to sift the

cultural heritage owes something to him and

mediocre but he believed in the thesis that

so do many significant works of and beyond

God has His eye on something in each one

S o n a wa r i . A h s a n S a h e b b e l i e v e d i n

us that if he chiseled could shine to illuminate

perfection and that could perhaps be the

us all. He was always accessible though it

reason, besides dread of public attention (a


10 virtue perfected by Beckett and Guenon,

school curriculum if ever need is felt for

among others), that he published so little of

preparing such introductory texts. For

his creative output.

in st an ce , his e nt ries on Rah im Sa hb ,

Ahsan Saheb has written quite useful

Muhammad Khar and his remarkable piece

and insightful introductory and critical pieces

on Ramzan Bhat could be readily

on some important Sufi/lesser known poets,

anthologized in any introductory work of

architecture and some aspects of cultural

Kashmiri critic ism ta rgetted a gen eral

heritage. His forte is, however, lesser known

audience. Ahsan

poets from Lali Taentray to Molvi Ahmadullah

co mmo ne rs -he wa s n e ve r ve rb os e o r

to Ramzan Ganistan to Muhammad Khar.

pedantic or addicted to rhetorical excesses.

His work in projecting key figures of Hajin on

He maintained a life style that one could

the literary horizon of Kashmir has earned for

easily mistake him for being another Sufi

him a distinction and for North Kashmir

poet. One can see that some more rigourous

especially unpayable debt. He has opened

selections and translations from his

up only occasionally on certain knotty issues

selections may help introduce little known

but impresses us by exercising rare balance

poets to select world audience and earn for

in approaching obscure issues in exegesis of

Hajin far better recognition than is currently

Sufi poetry and symbolism. Ahsan Saheb

the case Asad Parray has been left out of the

has always been lucid and his editorial

canon as have been almost all the poets

credentials have stood him in good stead.

whose work, edited by Prof. Muhyidenen

His selections from the works of the poets he

Hajini, he has helped - directly or indirectly as

has introduced are well chosen as evidenced

he was such a resource to almost every

by the collective impression one gets after

writer in Sonawari who co ntribute d to

reading them. One gets, for instance, greatly

preserving the literary legacy of Sonawari - to

impressed by the merit of

the work of

bequeaths us. Kashmir owes to Ahsan his

Muhammad Khar and Molvi Ahmadullah in

invaluable work the lesser known Sufi poets

general and occasionally by Lali Taentray .

of the area.

Saheb wrote f or the

Both Muhammad Khar and Ramzan Bhat

Just a few verses from one of the poets

have already got some share in immortality

whose work Ahsan has edited to show how

due to him in Kashmiri Sufi lore and it is folk

these make some creative additions to the

consciousness that has preserved some of

received understanding of Tradition. The

their gems. Ahsan Saheb has helped secure

same Muhammad Khar who wrote a sort of

their permanent place in the history of

rejoinder to Ahad Zargar's controversial Kafer

Kashmiri poetry even if f ew of modern

Sapdith korum yeqrar has himself written

students of it bother to read them. Life stories

certain verses in a more radical

of poets are told in an accessible style with

"transgressive" tone than even Zargar. For

few but pertinent critical remarks about work

instance such verses as the following:

that makes them worthy of inclusion in

Benkhaey Aashiq mard-I shuneed


11 zalten pannnnui arshi majeed

kyaz-imares bi kyaz-I mares.

nar deu zameenes bayi aasmanes

And see the concluding lines that show

kaebi butkhanes kour mey inkar

how convincing and self evidently authentic

Masjid paenay ker sar khem

has been conquest over mortality:

goudi zal dar-i ber ad-I zal tham

Khod beenhen dil baydaen

na chum janeth naey jahnem

deutaalaw Muhammad Kharen

ney chum tamna nay kenh gem

bay khaber yus lagi kun-I dares

yem-i roab bayikes na insanes

kyazi mares bi kyazi mares

kaeb-I butkhanes kur mey inkar.

This is rare in the history of religion and

This recalls Abu Sayid A l-Khayr's

mysticism that someone could declare his

statement to the effect that none shall truly

conviction of last things in such a tone that

wo r s h i p G o d u n t i l e v e r y m o s q u e i s

philosophers ever watchful or anxious about

demolished!.(The revered Sufi Master didn't

uncertainty in such affairs for those who can't

ever mean any disrespect for hallowed

buy faith's evidence on face value.

tra d it io n b u t sh a kin g c o mp la ce n c y o f

Lastly one may allude to his masterly

conventional piety that thinks of prayer in

"Na chus warean na chus aabad " that is

terms of qarz/farz binary little knowing that it

unique to Muhammad Khar in Kashmiri Sufi

is more importan t t han breat hin g a nd

p o e t r y a s a n e x t e n s iv e s t a t e me n t o f

drinking and can't be restricted to certain set

traditional doctrine of samata - equanimity. It

formulae only.)

recalls both Islamic and Vedantic sages such

Muhammad Khar has given us one of

as Rumi and Ashwakra Gita respectively. Let

the most succinct and compelling statements

us read examples from all three with a

about immortal destiny of man in a language

remark that samata constitutes the crux ot

that has stayed and shall stay and one could

distillation of nondualist wujoodi metaphysic

cite this as an exemplary declaration of

of which all three are beautiful illustrations.

man's great potential in mystic literature of the world. Pholith hayat chem zer zares kyazui maresbi kyaz-I mares

 Chukhaey beena sar-i gach kus chu maran kus ba chu lasan jalwi dith kus myanis gares kyaz-I mares bi kyaz-I mares

 Sujood wujood sar-I yus kari chi sui hayatzenh no meri izraeles jawab kares

                                                                                                     


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

12

                       This is Rumi from Diwani-I ShamsTabriz as translated by Nicholson: O Muslim what can I do? For I do not know myself, I am not a Christian nor a Jew, a fire worshipper not a Muslim. I am not of the East or the West, not of Land nor of Sea. I am not of the Elemental not of the Circling Spheres. I am not of earth nor of air, of water nor of fire. I am not of the Empyrean nor of the outspread carpet of the world, indeed I am not in the category of creation at all. I am not Hindustan nor of China nor form near-by Bulgaria. I am not of the land of Iraq nor of the dust of Khurasan. I am not of the Faith (or the present obligations of religion) not of the hereafter, nor of Heaven nor of Hell. I am not from Adam nor from the garden of Paradise. My dwelling is without location, my trail without trace

This is the sage-king Ashwakra: The body, heaven and hell, bondage and liberation, and fear too, All this is pure imagination. What is there left to do for me whose very nature is consciousness? (2.20) Who can prevent the great-souled person who has known this whole world as himself f ro m liv in g a s he p lea se s? (4 .4 ).Ho w wonderful it is that in the limitless ocean of myself the waves of living beings arise,


13 collide, play and disappear, according to their

(18.83). The dispassionate does not praise

natures (2.25) For the yogi who has found

the good or blame the wicked. Content and

peace, there is no distraction or

equal in pain and pleasure, he sees nothing

one-pointedness, no higher knowledge or

that needs doing (18.82). There is neither

ignorance, no pleasure and no pain. 18.10

dissolute behaviour nor virtue, nor even

There is no delusion, world, meditation on

discrimination of the truth for the sage who

That, or liberation for the pacified great soul.

has reac hed the goa l a nd is th e ve ry

All th ese t hin gs are jus t the realm of

embodiment of guileless sincerity (18.92).

imagination (18.14). The wise man, unlike

Neither happy nor unhappy, neither detached

the worldly man, does not see inner stillness,

nor attached, neither seeking liberation nor

distraction or fault in himself, even when

liberated, he is neither something nor nothing

living like a worldly man (18.18). He by whom

(18.96). For me established in my own glory,

inner distraction is seen may put an end to it,

there is no self or non-self, no good or evil,

but the noble one is not distracted. When

no thought or even absence of thought

there is nothing to achieve, what is he to do?

(19.4). For me established in my own glory,

(18.17) He who acts without being able to

there is no dreaming or deep sleep, no

say why, but not because he is a fool, he is

waking nor fourth state beyond them, and

one liberated while still alive, happy and

certainly no fear (19.5). For me established in

blessed. He thrives even in samsara (18.26).

my own glory, there is nothing far away and

He who is beyond mental stillness and

nothing near, nothing within or without,

distraction, does not desire either liberation

nothing large and nothing small (19.6)For me

or anything else. Recognising that things are

established in my own glory, there is no life

just constructions of the imagination, that

or death, no worlds or things of the world, no

great soul lives as God here and now

distraction and no stillness of mind (19.7).

(18.28). Some think that something exists,

For me, free from the sense of dualism,

and others that nothing does. Rare is the

there are no scriptures, no self-knowledge,

man who does not think either, and is

no mind free from an object, no satisfaction

thereby free from distraction (18.42). The

and no freedom from desire (20.2). There is

straightforward person does whatever arrives

no world, no seeker for liberation, no yogi, no

to be done, good or bad, for his actions are

seer, no-one bound and no-one liberated. I

like those of a child (18.49). The mind of the

remain in my own non-dual nature (20.6). For

fool is always caught in an opinion about

me who am forever unblemished, there is no

becoming or avoiding something, but the

judge, no standard, nothing to judge, and no

wise man's nature is to have no opinions

judgement (20.8). For me who am forever

about becoming and avoiding (18.63).The

a c t io n le ss , t h e re is n o d is t ra c ti o n o r

wise man does not dislike samsara or seek

o n e - p o i n t e d n e s s o f min d , n o l a ck o f

to know himself. Free from pleasure and

understanding, no stupidity, no joy and no

impatience, he is not dead and he is not alive

sorrow (20.9). For me who am blessed and


14 without limitation, there is no initiation or

the art of presenting difficult esoteric truths in

scripture, no disciple or teacher, and no goal

a compelling language. He is highly quotable

of human existence (20.13)For me who am

a n d in d e e d i n t h e t r a d it io n a l v e in o f

forever pure there is no illusion, no samsara,

acclaimed Sufi poets. It is indeed to be

no attachment or detachment, no living being

lamented that he has not been given the

and no God (20.11).There is no emanation or

attention he deserves.

return, n o goal, mea ns, seeke r or

Similarly Molvi Ahmadullah appears to

achievement. I remain in my own non-dual

be an indispensable scholar poet and

nature (20.7). For me who am always free

chronicler and not merely a religious poet.

from deliberations there is neither

Ahsan Saheb's introduction to him seems an

conventional truth nor absolute truth, no

understatement in view of varied colours of

happiness and no suffering (20.10).

Ahmadullah's work. One wonders how he

These quotations also help to

has assimilated and given voice to

appreciate and explain import of Muhammad

variegated aspects of Tradition that include,

K h a r's ra d ica l Un it a ria n "a n t in o mia n "

among other things and disciplines, classical

position as quoted previously. Those familiar

expression of ethics and lesser known parts

wit h S u f i l o re , e s p e c i a ll y o f W u jo o d i

of historiography, seerah and risayi literature,

orientation, need not look askance at these

na't and manqabat. Our generation needs to

passages. One could quote even Iqbal who

be made aware regarding the names of

was, earlier at least, a critic of W ujoodi

Persio-Arabic and Judaic figures (in the work

paradigm. "Khudi Ki Jalwaton Mein Mustafai/

of Ah mad ullah Ha kb ari) tha t we have

Khudi Ki Jalwaton Mein Mustafai Khudi Ki

inherited as a part of education in classics.

Khalwaton

Kibriyai;.

Every Muslim Kashmiri child would benefit

Zameen-o-Asman-o-Kursi-o-Arsh/ Khudi Ki

Mein

from poetic rendering of important prayers

Zad Mein Hai Sari Khudai" And lest we think

and religious teachings. Madrasa students

of charging Sufis with any arrogance or self

sh ou ld e sp ec ia lly re ad a nd memorize

indulgence. Sufis are consumed by love and

relevant portions anthologized in the text

in those special moments have nothing to

edited by Ahsan Saheb.

labour for, to fear, to seek, to be bound to.

"However the most important thing that

"Do Alam Se Karti Hai Baigana Dil Ko/Ajab

impresses us in the legacy of AhsanSaheb is

Cheez Hai Lazzat-e-Ashnayi."

his personality. Not only his art but his work

These illustrations from the work are

was also an escape from personality. He was

en o u gh to p re s s h o me t he p o in t t h a t

arguably the most unassuming of our literary

Shahgund Hajin should have privileged place

figures. He shunned publicity. He didn't

on literary-Sufi map of Kashmir. Thus we

prefer to occupy podium. He was not given to

owe to Ahsan our renewed attention to

long speeches and imposing his presence

Muhammad Khar as a preeminent Sufi poet.

anywhere. He hardly ever talked about

Muhammad Khar seems to have mastered

himself. He declined to publish his collection


15 of poetry during his life. He didn't court fame

sand have little more significance than one

or advertisement of his achievements that in

alone. A sand castle on an endless beach in

any case was impressive by any standard.

an infinity of time is soon erased by the

Ahsan Saheb indeed understood what so

elements." Pascal famously said that all the

many people including modern poets have

problems in the world could be traced to

not understood about life that "The real world

man's inability to sit alone in a room. Thus

is the one within the walls of homes; the

wisdom consists in making the best of one's

outside world, of careers and politics and

own richness of being and celebrating

money and fame, that was the fake world,

silenceaway from fanfare. One would usually

where nothing lasted, and things were real

find Ahsan Saheb silent or silently engaged

only to the extent they harmed or helped

with his work. The folly of seeking fame is

people inside their homes." He seems to

thus laughed away by Schain. "Fame is

have interiorized Rilke's mantra "Make your

usually a fraud; rarely does the famous

ego porous. W ill is of little importance,

individual deserve the accolades given to

complaining is nothing, fame is nothing.

him and he experiences the need to justify

Openness,patience, receptivity, solitude is

his reputation by new accomplishments.

everything." Ahsan Saheb seems to have

There is nothing more pathetic than a

held the ideal expressed by Hemmingway

'successful' person trying to duplicate his

thus: "There is nothing noble in being

successes, often in areas where he is little

superior to your fellow man; true nobility is

capable of doing so. 'Fame enslaves the

being superior to your former self" and

Gods and Men' is a saying attributed to

W.E.B. Du Bois' point that "The worker must

Heraclitus who, at the dawn of philosophy,

work for the glory of his handiwork, not

perceived the vacuity of worldly success."

simply for pay; the thinker must think for

"The quest for fame arises from a lack of

truth, not for fame."

valuation of the self. A person who values

As Richard Schain has noted "Kant's

himself or herself does not dissipate energies

characterization of a person's existence as a

by engaging in activities that will bring fame."

speck of sand in an infinity of time has been

And "‌activity arising from the desire for

amply confirmed by the scientific study of the

fame is merely the extension of the animal

physical universe. It is impossible to conceive

herd instinct into the more sophisticated life

that an individual in his physical being can

evolved in civilization. There is really no

have any significance in the cosmos - it is

difference in kind between the yearning for

absurdity to imagine otherwise. Thus the

professional, political or artistic recognition

persistent attempt of individuals to develop a

and a wolf wishing to lead or even just be

circle of influence and thus transcend their

part of a pack of wolves. (And woe to the

own miniscule being. The reality is, however,

lone wolf who does not fit into the pack.)"

that this effort is not worth the trouble since a

"The only ambition that can be allowed free

hundred, a thousand, a million specks of

rein is to live the life of the mind, the bios


16 theoretikos of antique Greek philosophy. The

about exhibiting it and selling it. And it is a

individual must center his ambitions on his

slur on our times that artists - "hunger artists"

own mind. Ambition focused elsewhere is a

- have to betray themselves and their art in

road map to a downward direction of life and

the market place.

degradation of the human potential." One's

(The author is Doctor by profession. He regularly

true dignity is measurable by noting how far

contributes to many newspapers and journals across

he has overcome the lust for fame, "the last

Asia.His writeups are reaserch papers on Philosophy,

infirmity of the noble mind"

Sufinism, Tradition and Modernity have been a

It seems that Prof.Muhyiuddin Hajini had

catalyst of new thinking in Kashmir. His book the

transmitted his carefree attitude implying

problem of Evil in Iqbal's poetry has recieved

utter indifference to so-called renown or

appriciation across South Asia.)

fudged decorum to Ahsan Saheb. Ahsan



Saheb was, in one respect at least, ahead of his mentor - i.e., he didn't mind clearly expressing even his disgust at the manifestations of mediocrity. He, imbued with a sacred mission of art and art literacy, was a gatherer of souls and had his eye on what is to be treasured in the other person and didn't usually mind what was irritable. Although Ahsan Saheb was no Sufi in formal sense, salient aspects of his life and ethic show how he consciously idealized Sufi model - his humility, his silence, his yoga of work, his utter devotion to the social and literary causes and rare embodiment of nobility and dignity with which he seemed to carry himself. Life and work of Ahsan Saheb

                                                                             

is an invitation to karma yoga, to the idea of art as initiation and for cultivation of forgotten virtue of humility for artists. Emily Brontie wr o t e " A n d l u s t o f f a m e wa s b u t a dream/That vanished with the morn." The point to be noted is that the desire to a literary career is characterized as lust. "An artist has no self" as a great poet has said. Whose career he should be bothered about? An artist is fully consumed in art to worry

             

            


17

Mohd. Ahsan Ahsan Man with a mission Brij Nath Betab

Men may come and men may go, the

genius at the college probably infused in him

world goes on forever is the universal truth,

t h e d e s i r e t o b e c o m e a wr i t e r a n d

but in the passing away of Mohd Ahsan

researcher. And it is probably this reason that

Ahsan, fondly addressed by young and old

he le f t h is jo b a s a t ea che r a n d wa s

like me as Tathha, something has vanished

successful in joining the Cultural Academy

with him. The love that he showered upon

that has always remained the hub of cultural

me filled the gap after migration. He was a

and literary activities in our state.

caring and loving Tatha. He was so caring

Working as Research Assistant at the

that despite his failing health he would

academy provided him the much desired

eagerly wait for my phone call. And if due to

platform to dig deep into some aspects of life

some reason I could not talk to him for some

in the vale and write about many writers of

time, he would make a phone call and

his own times and the earlier periods. His

enquire about my welfare. This was his habit.

hard work resulted in Ahsan being promoted

For me he was an epitome of love. And

to the level of Assistant Editor.Later he was

today when he is gone and I ponder over his

entrusted with the responsibility to edit and

personality, I realize that he was a staunch

make entries in the Encyclopedia. He has

believer and follower of his faith that teaches

about 50 entries in the first three volumes

humanism and love for God's creation. His

and these include the entries about

personality development probably graduated

Imamabads, Ziarats or the resting place of

at Islamia High school Srinagar where he

saints a and Sufis

moved from his ancestral village Hajan to

handicrafts of Kashmir.

and also about the

complete his Matriculation studies. And back

Earlier during his stint with the Folktales

home at Hajan it was the literary atmosphere

project, three volumes came out under his

in the village and modern outlook at home

editorship. He not only edited the collections

that he was drawn to literature. The genius

but also collected some tales that had gone

was visible and it got exhibited early in his life

into oblivion. His acumen is today visible in

at S.P.College when young Ahsan was made

the "Godh Kath",the foreword to these

the student editor of the prestigious college

prestigious volumes.

magazine Pratap. Appreciation of his literary

In his foreword to the third volume,he


18 illustrates his belief that the folklore 'mirrors

value today as this character is now visible

the collective psyche of a society'. This third

only on ETV Urdu now .( Due to Rajesh

volume of the tales includes some tales for

Riana's efforts). Locally we do not find any

the children as well and the editor tells us

artist performing or roaming him like in the

that 'they have been included with the belief

past. Ahsan sahib truly describes Ladishah

that tales and stories help in nourishing and

as the most s ought -af te r characte r of

developing the child's intellect apart from

Kashmiris. The unique thing about this

providing him some entertainment". This

Ladishah is that the poetic style and the

speaks of his vision and sense of

character performing this are both known by

responsibility as a custodian of folk treasure

t h e n a me L a d i s h a h . A n d t h e u n i q u e

at an establishment of literature. It is

contribution of Ahsan sahib in this regard is

probably this dedication and sense of

that on the request of late Noor Mohd

responsibility of the writers and the staff that

Roshan, the versatile poet of post

has not only bestowed prestige to our cultural

independence era, Ahsan sahib called many

aca de my bu t a lso pro du c ed all t h os e

bards to his house and Mr. Roshan listened

st a l wa r t s wh o wo r k e d t h e r e o r we r e

to their Ladishah and put them to papper.

associated with it and who have become

These were later published. Had Ahsan

torch bearers today.

sahib not done so, we would have lost them

Other than editing these volumes Ahsan

f o r e v e r . T h i s wo u l d h a v e b e e n a n

sa h ib a lso wro t e s o me a rticles a bo u t

irreversible loss to Kashmiris. More so as

Kashmiri folklore. In one such article on wit in

Ladishah wasour historian too who wrote our

Kashmiri folk in Urdu language he

history 'unwittingly" to put in in the words of

enumerates certain typical characteristics of

Ahsan sahib.

Kashmiri lore and says that on one side

Apart from the above Ahsan sahib, as is

satire and spoof of cruel rulers and kings by

clear by his pen name Ahsan, also wrote

intelligent natives has provided an escape

poetry. Though some of his poems became

from the harsh and tragic events in our lives

very popular, yet I believe that he did not

but on the other hand at least half of these

take poetry so seriously as he dedicated his

tales are devoid of any drollness. But 'the

life to social service and devoted much of his

bald king, the shepherd, the ugly queen, the

time to socio literary cause.It is perhaps due

blind minister, the blacksmiths daughter, the

to his social commitment that during the last

f o o l is h ki n g h a ve a ll p ro v i d e d u s a n

about forty years he never lost an election of

opportunity to enjoyment and delight'. He

the treasurer of Adbi Markaz Kamraz.For the

rightly attributes this to the creative Kashmiri

equal number of years one could replace

intellect. He puts Ladishah, the local folk

him as the general secretary of

baard in this category and praises him for his

Halqa-e -Adab Sonawa ri. He re he was

wit and skillful presentation. To me Ahsan

elevated to the position of its president . A

sahibs write up about Ladishah is of great

position that he occupied for about ten


19 years.Ahsan sahib remained associated with the national academy of letters the Sahitaya Akademy as its advisory board member. Among many other awards he was the first recipient of Sharf-e-Kamraz award. Ahsan sahib till almost his last day worked with zeal f or the promotion of education in his home town in particular. He served as the Principal of the M D Hajini memorial public school Hajan.He

also

worked as the controller of examinations for all the Kashmiri language examinations conducted by Adbi Markaz kamraz, for the promotion of Kashmiri language. S o cia l s e rv ice wa s h is c h e rish e d mission but the teacher in him never faded away. To me also he taught how to love and rise above the narrow mental state. (The author is a veteran Kashmiri writer and commentator. He has been associated with many important institutions of Kashmiri working for the promotion of Kashmiri language and literature.His association with Ahsan Sahab could be reflected through the fondest of memories that has recorded in this write up.)



                                                                                                                                                             


20

Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan His Contributions to Kashmiri Language, Literature and Society Ameen Fayaz (The author teaches English language and

department of Jammu and Kash mir

literature at PG department of English ,North Campus

government. After serving the Department

,University of Kashmir and can be reached at

with full zeal and zest for a few years ,Ahsan

ameenparray@gmail.com)

joined th e S tate Cult ural Acad emy as

Introduction

Assistant Editor Kashmiri.As Assistant Editor

Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan was born on

Kashmiri at the Academy ,Ahsan contributed

20th of June ,1937 at Parra Mohalla Hajin

to the compilation of Kashmiri Dictionary and

.He was admitted to a local primary school

Encyclopedia of Kashmir ,projects which

for the primary education. He joined Islamia

speak volumes about his skills as editor and

High School Srinagar for completing his

compiler of scholarly entries required in the

matriculation and F.Sc. Mr Ahsan did his

same.

graduation at the SP College, Srinagar where

Apart from being a versatile and highly

he even got the opportunity to act as the

skilful teacher and editor, Mr Ahsan was a

student editor of the Pratap Magazine.He

poet also who would sing in his solitude

further improved his qualification by doing BA

unmindful of whether the world should know

Hons. in Kashmiri (Private) ,B Ed. and MA in

of it or not.His poetry reflects the changing

Kashmiri from the University of Kashmir with

s o c i o - p o l i t i c a l l a n d s c a p e o f K a s h mi r

good marks thereby establishing a good

also.Humour being an essential element of

academic base for himself to serve as an

Ahsan's temperament, his poetry has enough

activist of Kashmiri language and literature in

of it.Mr Ahsan showed his interest in literary

the days to come at different plateforms.With

activities since his early youth when he would

this sound academic base in those times,

participate in different theatrical activities at

Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan was fortunate

his village.Among his contribution to theatre

enough to grow under the shadow of his

and drama ,works like "Gulrez", "Grayi ta

scholar and famous academician cousin,

Paye", "Himal ta Nagrayi" and "Aka Nandun"

Professor Mohi ud Din Hajini whose name is

could be counted as some of the most

po pu la r amon g all th e ge n erat io n s o f

successful and effective works.Mr Ahsan

academics since 1940s.

would contribute ,apart from poetry and

In 1957,Mohammad Ahsan was

drama ,through prose work also to Kashmiri

appointed as teacher in the school education

language and literature as he was basically a


21 serious researcher and knew the value of

th is o rga niza t io n f o r a lo n g t ime a n d

words and facts in language and literature.

conducted scores of Kashmiri language

Many a lesser known poets would approach

aptitude/diagnostic tests at primary ,middle

Mohammad Ahsan and show their poetry to

school,high school and higher secondary

him for editing ,corrections and technical

levels,a regu lar annu al a ctiv ity at the

modifications which he would most willingly

organ iza tion f or t he promotion a nd

do thereby helping them in publication

propagation of Kashmiri language and

process with all smoothness and ease.Kalam

literature among the youth. He was also the

e Nabir Mir ,Kalam e Lal Tantray ,Kalam e

president of Halqa e Adab Sonawari for a

Ra mza n Bh a t , K a la m e A h ma d Ul la h

long spell after Prof.Mohi ud Din Hajini till he

Hakabari ,Kalam e Ab Aziz Miskeen and

passed

Kalam e Mohammad Khar are some of the

20 17 .Mohamma d A hsan was also th e

collections of poetry compiled ,edited and

Convener of Kashmir Chapter of Sahatya

introduced to the public by Mohammad

Academy of India.As a recognition of his

Ahsan Ahsan at Halqa e Adab Sonawari ,an

work and credits in the promotion of Kashmiri

institution which would serve as a platform

language and literature ,Mr Ahsan was

for artists ,poets ,scholars and researchers

awarded with Sharf e Kamraz in 1998 and

f or wo rkin g f o r t h e p ro mot io n a n d

was also the recipient of Award Shahbaz

propagation of Kashmiri language and

Memorial.Needless to mention ,Mr Ahsan

literature. At the State Cultural Academy,

s e rve d a s t h e P rin c i p a l o f MD Ha jin i

Mohammad Ahsan published his translation

Memorial Public School for more than ten

of Allama Iqbal's famous poem "Talu e

years after his retirement and was the

Islam"in Partaw e Iqbal,thereby establishing

cashier of the Idar e Awqaf Hajin for more

his translation skills from Urdu into Kashmiri.

than twenty years. With such a prolific and

away

in

September

Besides essaying at poetry ,drama and

active record of literary, academic and

prose writings ,Ahsan took pains to collect

administrative activities, this man with a

and compile the epic written by Nemat Ullah

mission passed away with flowers of humor

Safapori titled Gul e Bakawali. He was for

on his lips on 13th September, 2017 at his

ma n y ye a rs o n t h e ed it o ria l b oa rd o f

re s i d e n c e a t Ha ji n S on a wa ri l e a vi n g

magazines like Mashaheer e Kamraz and

thousands of his students, well wishers and

Prave published by Adbee Markaz Kamraz

friends in a state of deep shock and anguish.

and the research journal published by Halqa

May Allah bless him with the best of rewards

e Adab Sonawari Wulrak e Malar.

in his heavenly abode and the

At Adbee Markaz Kamraz ,the largest literary organization of Kashmir ,Mohammad Ahsan served as the cashier and general secretary for about fourteen years.He would also serve as the controller examinations at

hereafter!(Reyaz ul Hasan :2015,57,58) Sincere and Serious Language Activist Of all the language activists and organizers who I have seen or met so far in my life, Mr


22 Ahsan had the distinction of being sincere,

solidier.He would even ask the concerned

serious and devoted to the cause.Of many

Kashmiri teacher to be present in the class

qualities and characteristics that a language

and see if his way of teaching Kashmiri

activist should have ,being connected with

language would in any way contribute to the

the common people who speak and write in

improvement of his/her methodology of

the target language could be counted as an

teaching the same to the students. Although

essential f eature.Mr Ahsan had this in

he was quite conversant in English and Urdu

ab un d an c e. He wo u ld no t f e el sh y o f

languages ,yet I have never seen him

speaking in Kashmiri and discussing and

interacting or teaching students through

solving the problems of those lesser known

these languages as it was his considered

poets who would visit his residence or MD

opinion that Science ,Mathematics and

School thereby disturbing his daily schedule

History like subjects should be always taught

of literary and non-literary activities ;but he

in the mother tongue ,reason being one

would never mind it and would do the same

understands the things in the best possible

with the fervor which he would not even

manner in ones mother tongue only.Mr

show to his own work.The love of the mother

Ahsan would speak less but he was a very

tongue possessed him and this possession

powerful conversationist as through his

gave him a chance to find and discover a

humour he would beat anybody during a

class of Kashmiri poets who would be

conversation or dialogue on any subject. He

otherwise unknown to the elite class of

was very simple and down to earth and

literary masters and would never get a

would never pretend to know. Many a time

chance to get their works published at a

he would call people closer to him for telling

platform like the Halqa e Adab Sonawari

him the most appropriate meaning of a

which for this very reason may also be called

Kashmiri word or expression in English or

a People's Plateform for the revival and

Urdu .Similarly, while editing poetry, prose or

p r o mo t io n o f K a sh mir i l a n g u a ge a n d

essays in Kashmiri, if he would encounter a

literature.He did his work with dedication and

typical Persian or Arabic expression used by

devotion regardless of the fact that the

the author in his writings, he wouldn't feel shy

publication of such works as shown in the

in asking his friends who he believed knew

introduction would earn him anything in terms

some Arabic or Persian. In fact, he believed

of material benefits.

such interactions with his friends opened his

Kashmiri language was perhaps his first

mind about human languages and allowed

love and he would at times express this love

him to understand them to their fullest

through his interactions with small children at

through their multiculturality and translation.

MD Hajini school when he would during a

His sincerity and devotion to the cause of

vacant period step into a class and start

Kashmiri language could be f urther

teaching students how to write Kashmiri

understood by his attachment with the

words and sentences with the precision of a

language throughout his life as beyond


23 Kashmiri language and literature he could

and this openness would make him the

hardly think of working or thinking on

be lov e d ma st e r o f t h e c o mmo n e st o f

anything or subject. It was his first love and

common poets hailing from far flung villages

he died with Kashmiri language and literature

of Kashmir.

as his last love as even at the age of eighty

A word on his humor

plus his bed would be always surrounded by

Some people are born with the gift of an

books of Kashmiri poetry ,Kashmiri prose

artistic use of language ,and by virtue of such

work ,magazines and journals in Kashmiri

a powerful and creative use of language they

and in the company of these friends he

leave the impressions of their wit and

would spend his time editing collections of

humour on every mind they encounter

poetry ,dictating corrections to his nephew

wit h . Hu ma n b e in gs u s e la n gu a ge f o r

and closest friend ,Ab Ahad Hajini,and talking

different purposes : for the expression of their

language ,literature and history of his times

f ee lings ; fo r sh arin g th eir inf ormat io n

to friends and well wishers visiting his home

;knowledge and wisdom with the world ;for

from time to time.If I am asked what is the

developing social and cultural bonds and

real contribution of Mr Ahsan to Kashmiri

affiliations with the people;for recording their

language ,I would ,without any hesitation ,say

wordveiws and impressions of the world ,and

that his own spoken Kashmiri was always a

for a host of other purposes.There are people

treat for the ears for its humor and ease with

who are introverts with reference to the use

which he surprised the opposite side. Had he

of language ;and ,there are people who are

not written poetry and compiled and edited

qu it e e x p re s s i v e a n d e x t ro v e r t s wit h

books in Kashmiri language ,he would have

reference to language.While the introverts in

still been remembered and loved by the

language use fail to make an effective

people for the language that he had been

impression on the minds of people living

gifted with ,most particularly his humor.As he

around them ;the extroverts in language

was a born teacher before training himself as

make the world around them alive and

an editor ,Ahsan would always have students

charming with the magic of their linguistic

in the form of poets and language activists

skills.Shakespeare has quite rightly stated in

whom he would guide and train in Kashmiri

his famous drama King Lear : "Mend your

prosody ,editing of poetry and prose works

speech;or you may mar your fortunes".Such

and compilation and publishing process of

a statement with reference to the use of

their books and magazines and this sincerity

language makes it amply clear that language

towards the first and last love of his life kept

matters in our day to day life as it is with the

him active and alive till his last regardless of

help of language that we human beings

his old age and weakness of physique. As a

either do many things or we get many things

sincere servant of Kashmiri language and

done through language.Language is

literature, he would never deny access to any

everywhere even in the wilderness when we

body seeking his guidance in the art of poetry

are alone and all of a sudden we start talking


24 to stars or to ourselves or to the immediate

now.Our egos were down.Ahsan Sahib could

surroundings in order to minimize our fears

sen se it a nd s o de cided to b re ak the

created by the wilderness.One may just end

silence.He again in his typical style asked the

up sa yin g t h a t we h u ma n b e in gs a re

Science teacher. "Yeth kya wanan?" while

condemned to speak.

pointing to hairs on his head. "Mas haz"

Among many fellow kashmiris who I

 hairs,sir),said the teacher.OK ,go down and

have been associated with so far in my

what is it called here pointing to his eye

personel or professional capacity ,one man

brows and then to beard ,to moustache and

whose wit and humour in Kashmiri language

coming down and down till he himself turned

has imp re sse d me the most is Mr

silent and all other gave a hilarious laugh as

MoHammad Ahsan Ahsan who passed away

some sensitive places were going to follow

on 13th September 2017.He would look out

soon.Ahsan Sahib was silent.He then said ,

for an opportunity to say something lively to

"Human language is a marvelous thing.Don't

the people around him but that act of speech

you see how we have named one same

would be relevant and educational in its

thing differently at different places by just

nature.

seeing to its place value.

Here ,the author would collect and

One day Ahsan Sahib went to a Medical

comment on some of the instances of wit

Shop at the Hajin market for checking his

and humour that are attributed to Ahsan

blood pressure.My friend Zahoor was at the

S a h i b t h e r e b y s h o wi n g h i s p o we r f u l

counter .He had of late grown some beard on

command on language and its meticulous

his face.Ahsan used to talk to Zahoor fondly

and purposive use in different situations.

and affectionately .He asked Zahoor , " Tche

One day ,we ,the staff members of the

kath sa peth chui resh thoumut?" Zahoor

MD Hajini Memorial school ,are in the office

,who knew Ahsan Sahib well used Ahsan's

with the Principal of the school ,Mr Ahsan

weapon against Ahsan sahib and said

Sahib.He was having a cup of tea.Everybody

"Buthis peth haz".Ahsan Sahib turned silent

was so silent till Ahsan sahib himself broke

for a few minutes and retaliated with one

the silence addressing our Science teacher

more question "Tcha hekkha me wanith

who had done Masters in Zoology. "Tuhi

athas manz katch angji chi?" Zahoor said

hekwa me wanith Panini jismakhi temi hisukh

"Dah haz"(ten fingers).Ahsan Sahib had

nawa yath kashiris manz mukhtalif jayen

caught him by his neck as he asked him to

mukhtalif nawa che",asked Ahsan Sahib to

go on counting to find only eight fingers as

the teacher.It was such a common place

the two are called (neth meaning thumbs)

th in g b u t t h e wa y h e a sk e d it f o rc e d

according to Ahsan Sahib.

everybody to think so seriously about it.There

He would create such a situation with

was a silence of about ten minutes.Neither

colleagues and friends thereby amusing and

the science teacher nor any body else could

informing them also through a humourous

say anything.The silence looked terrific

and wit ty linguistic or moral o r so cia l


25 construct.

everybody could sense that he was angry

One day Ahsan Sahib was on a day

with the young man.But he was just silent.He

long excursion with his colleagues at Halqa e

didn't say anything and he didn't take any

Adab Sonawari.Ahsan Sahib was a chain

action against the boy though he could have

smoker and so he smoked in the bus.Many

because he knew that the young man is

other colleagues in the bus were also

desperate and in desperation has lost the

smokers but none of them dared to smoke in

cool of his temperament.After some days ,he

front of Ahsan Sahib.Nevertheless ,they took

asked the management committee of the

liberties vis-Ă -vis joking and laughing on

school to go for a comprehensive review of

many things which at times would even blush

the salary of the staff.Though he was very

Ahsan Sahib.In order to silence them ,he

precise and effective in his speech ,he was

said "Tuhi kez chu na me thi cigerrete

silent in the times of crisis and anger and

chewan".They all turned silent.Then he went

would never lose his temper against his

on saying "Ba chus pana cigerrete chewan

adversaries whosoever that be.

,lehaza gache tuhund to methi cigarette

I had years of association with Ahsan

biladareg chun;wungu non-veg joking shayid

Sahib as a teacher at the school he was

chus nab a ye pana karan kehn"thereby

heading after his retirement.He would never

hinting that you should not take liberties in

judge a teacher by his/her political affiliations

certain things that I myself do not do.The

or ideology even though there might be some

remark left everybody silent and so changed

manifest and visible differences of opinion or

the course of action in the bus.He was very

political orientation between him and his

precise and serious and his words would

faculty member.Professionally ,he would

have an immediate impact on the people

always mean it to practise a kind of neutrality

around though he never used a harsh tone

and objectivity in his comments on the

and aggressive preaching on the subject.

ongoing political positions of people.It is only

When angry ,Ahsan Sahib would be

once that he could say something like

absolutely silent and his silence would last for

"Dapan tuhi chu dalith" with reference to my

hours thereby killing alive all those

political affiliation in the context of a certain

around.One day it so happened that one of

election in the valley ,thereby ,in other words

the teachers at the MD school lost his temper

,telling me that our political association did

at Ahsan Sahib and he started literally

not fall in the same line.When in reply to this

shouting at him.The teacher was literally

comment , I just said "Sir ,I co uld not

cursing Ahsan Sahib for he felt that the

u n d e r s t a n d " , h e ju s t c h e we d u p t h e

salary was not suf ficient.W e somehow

explanation and left it unsaid obviously trying

managed to get the teacher out of the office

to not to interfere in my political aspirations

and tried to not allow him to cross the

a n d b e lie f s . H o we ve r , I h a d f u l ly we ll

boundaries.Ahsan Sahib throughout the

understood what he meant by "Dapan tuhi

episode just listened to him silently though

chu Dalith" and its discursive features.Was


26 there anything subversive against me ,I

body of the character of his poem is the

never took it like that? Did he take my

identity of every common Kashmiri of the

political position as something subversive

present turmoil. There is a silent protest in

against him ,I am sure he too had not taken it

the poem and if published I am sure it would

like that?Nevertheless ,his open-mindedness

definitely find place in the literary response to

forced him to just express his disagreement

the present turmoil in Kashmir. I wish I could

with my political understanding by just saying

have the text now to deliberate on the poem

"Dapan tuhi chu Dalith."Very brief ,precise

in order to exposit it as one of the

but speaking out all that one could

masterpieces of Ahsan Sahib.Since he was a

understand with being explicit.I might have

man of silent poetic constitution, he would

then taken his comment as a criticism of my

ne v e r mak e lo u d p o lit ica l s t at e me n t s

own political orientation but just after some

.Instead, his was the way of living another

time my mind would get cleaned of all such

day with grace and poetic composure and it

perceptions about Ahsan Sahib when one

worked well for him as long as he could

Friday afternoon he asked me to sit beside

continue his journey in this world of hue and

him in his office and surprised me by offering

cry. This silent poetic composure and grace

me the position of head priest of the Jamia

would come to his rescue even when people

Masjid Hajin f or Friday sermons.It just

would target his administrative acumen and

nullified all that I had started presuming after

try to uninstall him from the administrative

that comment "Dapan tuhi chu Dalith" as the

positions he held for long at his native place

bigness of his heart and openness of his

because nobody would actually dare to

mind on making such an offer to me

question him and doubt his credentials and

A silent and sensitive soul

so he would enjoy the whole sound and fury

Mr A h s a n wa s a l wa y s s i l e n t b u t

all around with the same poetic grace and

sensitive to all the things that he saw around

silence thereby giving a lot of psychological

him and would respond with a poetic grace to

torment to his rivals and competitors.

each and everything. I once asked him if he

Nevertheless,

had written anything about the present

accommodative and magnanimous towards

turmoil of Kashmir or just come up with a

one and all and would never allow the

poetic response to the same.He paused and

personal differences come in the way of his

read

out

a

poem

by

the

he

was

always

title

relationships with the people because there

"harisaath".Although I haven't read the

again he had the poetic grace to handle

written text of this poem ,yet what I still

pressures and get the people along. One day

remember is that the poem reflects on what

I found a colleague shouting outside his

happened to a common Kashmiri amidst the

office and saying the things uncalled for ;but

present wave of violent turmoil and how

Ahsan Sahib never took it personnel and

he/she was caught between the devil and the

didn't hurt the prospects of the man at the

deep sea. The identity card found in the dead

school. He always treated him like his son


27 and allowed him to grow and evolve like all

silence and poetic grace after all achieves a

others thus maintaining the administrative

high degree of beauty in the eyes of those

protocol of doing the things professionally

who look at the same through a humane

and handling all the criticism professionally

glass on eye.Many a time ,I would see in

also. However, this doesn't mean that he

A h s a n S a h i b ' s e ye s t h a t e l e me n t o f

would never get angry. When he would be

humaneness and humility which would add

angry, again he would turn silent and

t o h i s p o e t i c g ra c e a n d b e a u t y ; a n d

wouldn't talk to the person for a while. Next

,undoubtedly ,consequent upon insistence of

day, it would be again as if he had never

unnecessary nature from the circles that he

been angry with the person.

ha d , h e t oo wo u ld t en d to f a ll t o t h e

One day, it was 2010, massive protests

temptation and not budge an inch from the

were going on in Kashmir over the burning of

position he held and which his opponents

the Holy Quran by a crazy pastor in the USA

wanted him to quit.But ,there again in such

a n d p e o p le in Ha jin t o o c a me o u t in

moments of rigid control he would not make

hundreds and thousands to lodge their

loud statements and resort to rabble rousing

protest against the uncivilized act. On that

but silently wait and watch thereby allowing

occasion as I remember people demanded

the things to follow a natural course of rise

that the members of the Awqaf too should

and fall, something which obviously showed

join the protest rally and then one by one

his understanding of human psychology

address the people regarding the whole

,most particularly the class of people he dealt

is su e . A h sa n S a h ib to o s p o k e o n t h e

with.

occasion but not in the plain rhetoric that

At MD Hajini school ,he was always of

generally suits such occasions; he rather

t h is o p i n i o n t h a t t h e re sh o u l d b e n o

chose to speak through a poem that he had

unnecessary fee hike as it was a public

written long before but had the connection

school and so it should be accessible and

with a similar kind of situation. He knew he

affordable for the common people of this

should not raise the passion of the people ,so

area.Even MD continued to have the same

should instead speak to them through an

color of Uniform for the whole of his tenure

idiom that they understand and take it upon

for the simple reason that such changes

themselves to think and ponder about.

should not in any way cause any discomfort

Sometimes, when I just try to recall

and inconvenience to the common people of

Ahsan Sahib I just forget to judge and

the area. This is how he never tended to

evaluate him as judging after all is the

convert MD school into a Capitalist enterprise

prerorigative of the God and in Ahsan Sahib

where only a select class of people could

it was the feature of beauty that most of the

send their children for education. When he

times dominated the scene s. The thing that

got a cheque of Rs twenty five thousand as

he had poetic silence and poetic grace sums

CP fund from MD school after his retirement,

up it all as the thing that has the attribute of

he donated it for the development of the


28 school and instantly gave it to the incumbent

oneself busy and active in some substantial

administration.

and fruitful work. Though many people would

A brave heart

say that he should take rest, yet he showed

Hundreds of people retire every year

them the path of making the post-retirement

from their active government or

life more active and joyful by creating new

non-government services and spend their

avenues and opportunities f or oneself

e a rn in gs o n t h e ma rr ia ge o f c h ild re n

through ones association with books and

,construction of a beautiful house or in

thoughts of different people.

performing the Hajj and then take rest from

Conclusion

all engagements.Ahsan Sahib continued to

Mr Ahsan was a prolific literary figure

work in different capacities as if he never

who tried his hands on drama ,poetry

wanted to retire. Many people in the area

,criticism ,translation ,editing and directing

would complain that the man just does not

people towards improving their art of writing

want to accept the reality of his old age but

poetry.He was an organizer of highest repute

those people could hardly understand that

among the literary circles of the valley and

the man wants to live his life to its fullest and

was an excellent administrator also.Above all

t i l l t h e l a s t . I f t h i s wo u l d n o t b e a n

these things ,he was a nice human being

exaggeration ,Ahsan Sahib worked more

who would love to help the needy and do

after his retirement than he could have

things for others.Mr Ahsan was blessed with

before it as he had now more assignments

a language that mesmerized one and all and

and lif e in its real f orm with all of its

would charm up everything by his wit and

challenges to face which he did with a brave

humour.W ith his sad demise ,Kashmiri

and open heart as the realities of social

literary landscape lost one of its selfless

engagement are always bitter and tough to

s e r v a n t s a n d s i l e n t b u t h yp e r a c t i v e

face.With administrative engagements at

lovers.May Allah grant him Jannat ul Firdous

different literary and non-governmental

and fill the vacuum that his death has

orga niza t io ns a ft er h is re t iremen t ,h e

created ! Amen!

continued to receive assignments from different literary forums ,edit the works of writers and help aspirants in improving their poetry and art of writing thereby keeping himself busy with the world of letters and thus not allowing his mind and heart to retire and rust .Ahsan def ied the dictates of physical aging and let his mind grow younger day by day thus leaving a message behind that whatever time one has got in this world ,it is to be spent to its fullest by keeping




29

The translation by Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan A Glimpse Dr. Shafqat Altaf Translation has been an indispensable component of intellectual exchange and development throughout the recorded history of kno wle dge . In ou r a ge , t ra ns lat io n

his imaginations ear before translating them in to formal musical notation. Ahsan Sahab remained busy in writing and translating different works of literature.

received more and more impetus because

It would be my sincere attempt in this

the limits of space and distance have been

paper to evaluate briefly the translations

reduced by science and technology. The

d o n e b y Mo h a mma d A h s a n A h s a n in

ever- accelerating interaction among cultures

Kashmiri. Ahsan Sahab's translation of

and economies in this globalized world is

Alama Iqbal's famous poem ' Tulu-e- Islam"

e x p o n e n t ia ll y i n c re a s in g t h e n e e d o f

 The rise of Islam) is of great significance.

translation. More over translation of work of

He ve nt ure d to t ran slate t he p oem in

literature or scholarship - indeed, of any

Kashmiri, with full care and responsibility.

major cult ure do cumen t - ca n ha ve a

The affectibire of the translation has been

sign if ican t imp act o n

th e int elle ct ua l

possible only because of his mastry of two

community, while the absence of translation

languages. The source and the target. This

impedes the circulation of ideas.

meaningful work speaks of the translators

Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan, a

faith in himself, his enough verbal skill and

profound writer of Kashmiri, had a clear

ima gin at ive su p pline ss. T h e tra n sla to r

un d e rst an d in g of

t h e s ign if ican c e o f

emphatically identified himself with the

translation for bridging the communication

original poet. His act consisted of findings not

gap by helping the creative writers to

merely linguistic equivalents but also of super

multivariate readers to transcend regional

transcreation. In this pursuit of translation,

boundaries in literature and culture. He, thus,

the translator did not for the sake of his

undertook translation as a component of his

fiedlity to the originality but remained faithful

pro f e ssion al activit y a nd as a n at ural

to his master. In other words we may say that

extension of his writing. Conceptually, every

the translator soaked himself in the original,

creative writer in the process of writing is

felt its feelings and the end - product is as

engaged in translating his mute, nascent

such truly rewarding. The example of some

thoughts in to words, like Mozart 1 Who it is

translated couples of the poem is given as

believed always first heard his symphonic in

under:-


      

30 friend of God ( English )

   

           

  

                            

    

                                The demise of stars is evidence of the bright morning.

   

  

The secret of life is hidden in your breast-

The Sun has risen over the horizon, the time

then tell it;

of deep slumber has passed ( English )

Tell the Muslims the account of burning and

      

re- making of life. ( English )

   

                    

  

                               

          

                         The blood of life runs in the veins of dead

   

  

East:

Read again the lesson of truth, of justice and

A vicenna and Farabi can not understand the

velour!

secret ( English )

You will be asked to do the work of taking on

            

     

   

responsibility for the world.( English)

Generally speaking,translation is constructed as rendering a literary work from one language to another. However an ideal

                                     

translation is the matching of phonological,

The effect of the spring - rain is born in the

right mood, tone, intense feeling and sense

tears of the Muslims.

of the original the poem to the readers in a

Pearls will be born again in the sea of the

very pleasant manner. It is often argued that

  

morphological, syntactic and semantic equivalents. That is why Ahsan Sahab did not look for synonyms between the source and the target language. He percolated the


31 any attempt to translate poetry happens to be

literary works are well worth acknowledging

an act of vandalism or an asthetic

at all level as these works are determined by

impertinence.

the practical usefulness explanatory power.

Controversy over the issue of the



possibility of creative translation. The "purists" believe that poetry is essentially untranslatable. Ahsan Sahab proved it false by making readers feel the music of the poem along with the words. Besides that translation of Tulu-e Islam (The Rise of Islam), Ahsan Sahab rendered many poems and short stories in to Kashmiri.

                           

These translations seem to be more and more important both as an actual material and as a cultural phenomenon to be critically analyzed. These translations relatively developed a human contact cutting across

                                

the linguistic and regional impediments. While translating all these literary works, Ahsan Sahab gave prominence to the culture and the contextual meaning. He has been instrumental in maintaining a meaningful

                        

contextual correspondence between the two languages. He, thus, realized the distinction between transference, substitution and trans coding of meaning. In his translations, Ahsan Sahab gave due importance to language

                            

verities in tune with linguistic, cultural and collocational translatabilities, Ahsan Sahab's translations don't match surf ace forms governing the mere rules of correspondence. He rather adopted a more complex procedure involving analysis, transfer and restructuring. By transferring on the kenel, Ahsan Sahab has not in any way distorted the mersy of the source or the filter language text. The painstaking efforts that Ahsan Sahab put in for the translation of these

                            


32

Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan An Introduction By :Gh Nabi Aatish

Translated by: Ameen Fayaz

Mohammmad Ahsan Ahsan,a perfect

University of Kashmir after the launch of this

gentleman,is a dynamic cultural activist at the

Department with the efforts of scholars and

age of around seventy eight after having

activists of Kashmiri language.Ahsan not only

experienced many ups and downs of life.This

passed this examination but continued to

inheritor and practioner of the qualities of

encourage students to study Kashmiri

love ,gentleness ,sympathy ,good conduct

language and literature. He would help the

,good hostship and sweet linguistic behavior

aspirants by providing them with materials

is like that typical bright morning candle

,information and councelling for doing this

whose light at times goes up and at times

course in Kashmiri thereby serving as an

seems dying ! May Allah allow this candle to

unofficial link between aspirants and the

light us up for long !

Department of Kashmiri.His friends still recall

In North Kashmir ,Hajin is a fertile piece

how he would write letters to them and

of land.In the literary history of Kashmir and

respond to their queries and questions

among the important literary townships of

regarding the course and its pursuit.Basically

K a s h mi r , H a ji n e n jo y s a p r e s t i g i o u s

,this showed his innate tendency towards

status.Mohammad Ahsan was born at this

acting as an activist for the promotion and

very important place in 1937.After passing

propagation of Kashmiri language and

matriculation examination, Ahsan took

literature which he naturally inherited from

admission in the SP College Srinagar but

the company of the learned scholar and

had to quit halfway due to some personal

activist of Kashmiri language and literature

reasons.He got appointed as a teacher in

,Prof.Mohi Ud Din Hajini.

School Education Department in

In 1965 ,when Ahsan was twenty eight

1 9 5 8 . H o we v e r , t h i s ma n o f e x t r e me

years old,he was arrested by the police under

co mmitmen t t o t e ac hin g a nd le arn in g

security law of the state and imprisoned at

continued his studies along with his teacher's

Central Jail Srinagar for forty days for the

job.He did BA as a private candidate and

crime of participating in a protest rally against

went on to do B.EC and B.Ed also as a

the arrest of Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah.It

private candidate in service . He was among

was in such a protest rally at Hajin that the

the first batch of Kashmiri Honors students

CRPF killed four civilians.Massive protests

who joined the Kashmiri Department of

erupted in Kashmir when Sheikh Abdullah


33 was arrested by the Govt. forces on his

committee for the construction of Kashmiri

return from Hajj .

terms and words for various technical lexical

In 1973 ,when Ahsan had already been promoted to the cadre of Master's grade in

items in English ,it consulted Ahsan Sahib also for his expert advice.

the school education department ,he got

Whatever Ahsan has written (poetry or

appointed in the Art and Cultural Academy of

prose),it is scattered here and there in

the State as the Research Assistant.He

journals ,magazines and anthologies.He has

worked in the Academy for twenty two years

not so f ar pa id an y att en tio n towards

and has to his credit a successful completion

publishing his own work.That is why his

of projects like compilation of Kashmiri

poetry is not available in the form of a

Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Kashmir in

collection.Whether this has to do with his

the company of a host of veteran Kashmiri

laziness or selflessness ,it is a big loss for the

academics and scholars. He retired from the

Kashmiri literature and for those who would

Academy in 1995 as the Assistant Editor.All

love to read some of his quality poetry and

of his colleagues and friends know him as a

prose.He must now start paying attention

perfect gentleman and recognize his humane

towards the same.

and kind attitude towards one and all.

Ahsan is equally adept in experimenting

Besides being a very good poet

with the Ghazal and the Nazm writing in

,researcher ,academic ,editor and compiler

Kashmiri.Generally ,it is believed that he

,Ahsan has the distinction of being a very

doesn't have the temperament for Ghazal

good social activist also.He has been the

writing which is not true.Some of the couplets

principal of the MD Hajini Memorial Public

quoted below would definitely change this

School for more than ten years ,and has

op inio n o f th e p e op le . He re a re s ome

been the cashier and financial advisor of the

samples:

Idara e Awqaf Hajin for more than twenty

Achar kach tam aabas peth jareth

ye ars. He ha s be e n th e s ec re ta ry an d

thawin tap ok panas

president of the Halqa e Adab Sonawari for a

Morach handi khaka wawas zora

long period of time and has the credit of

poshrawin tap ok panas

being the cashier of the Adbee Markaz

Wachas andar wuchum kogmut

Kamraz since its formation in 1972.He has

gulalas dag meini pathi

been the member of the general counsel of

Amis log tu howun ,chim me tithi

the Kashmir chapter of the Sahatya Academy

rachar aawmati katiya (Ahsan)

for five years.The State Board of School

Ahsan has contributed some of the

Education of Kashmir has quite often been in

wonderful penegyrics in the genre of Naatiya

touch with him regarding the design of the

poetry in Kashmiri.His tributes to Prophet

s yl l a b u s a n d ma t e r i a l s f o r K a s h m i r i

Mohammad (SAW) show his immense love

language.When the Kashmiri Department of

for him.Some couplets quoted below depict

the University of Kashmir constituted a

that love :


34 Zena zaw ta ond pok mushkowun

Ana wasi pew

Yena aaw ta gata zol nahnowun

Phut

Goda iqra buzith woshleyu

Phalen bewn bewn garuth

Pata bar quranuk wetrowun

Adi dulaami Kehn kunadar

Yas moyi walail ta royi wa shams

Kateh besumi

Shab gazlowun tad oh nazmowun

Kehnchan khanjen chuna geometry manz az tin aw

Khud khodahas manz ous parda lagith

Khanji khanji manz buth

Nanawani sorui brunh kun trowun

Akh kan chatith

(Ahsan) However ,he had a strong appetite for

Bekhaw cha oun Khal kahn khanda yath buth mari mund

Nazm writing in Kashmiri.He has written

Yama che sari meyani buthi

some of the most beautiful prose-like Nazms

Buthi wuchim

in Kashmiri which are full of meaning and

Wolum buthis pannnis phasha

have a strong sense of direction.He has a

Sorum chame pari

very simple diction in his free verse poems

Sobooth buth

which contributes to the construction of a

Buthi chehen manz weh karan

typical Ahsani style of writing.He does not

Poz

use any heavy metaphors but uses simple

Pana basan bas akui buth dohi dohas

words in such a way that they themselves

(Ahsan)

convey all the metaphoric nuances.Some of

Similarly ,in his poem "Sanput Rowuk"

his very famous poems in Kashmir are:

,pigeon serves as the metaphor of peace and

"Intizar", "Sanput Rowukh", "Safar", "Kotur",

its bower at a high place symbolizes a

"W unda Manzar","Harisaath","Lol",and

peacef ul place.However ,due to some

"Buthi".Of these poems ,one would for sure

reasons the group of pigeons in the poems

give the highest rating to "Sanput Rowuk"

goes helter skelter and they lose unity.A

and "Buthi".

hunter ha s h is eye s o n t hem an d ,he

In his poem "Buthi", Ahsan shows that

,consequent upon their disintegration, starts

every human being has a face (of flesh

hunting them one by one and enslaves them

,blood and bones) so to speak but every

also.This poem ,in fact ,depicts something

human in this postmodern age carries

that the poet has been observing in his own

hundreds of other faces in his/her pocket to

society for a long time now.He does n't say

suit to the needs and demands of the

that all in explicit terms but rather chooses a

market.He says :

methophoric language to say that all.The

Ana wasi pew

poems reads as follows :

Phut

Sari kotar panas panas

Phalen bewn bewn garuth

Akh chok jangli


35 Akh patali chaj

prose works of writers and poets of which

Kehn khati baman

two volumes of Folk Tales ,Partaw e Iqbal

Kehn kul tehren

and Noorana could be counted as some of

Chokri kari kari

the best ones.After his superannuation from

Bewn bewn

the job at academy ,he has been putting his

Gara karnas kun lagimati

best of efforts in editing and compiling the

Akh aki sandi rata teuk karnas peth

works of lesser known rural poets and getting

Hol chuk godmuth

them pub lish ed also at Halqa e Ad ab

Teerandazo

Sonawari.He was one of the compilers of

Adi marekhi

Shahnama Firdousi during its publication

Adi choka lada karikh

process by Prof. Mohi ud Din Hajini.He has

Bas kehn kotar

played a key role in the compilation and

Panas panas

publication of Gul e Bakawali of Nemat Ullah

Path kun

Parray.He has been on the editorial board of

Kath tam saatas praran

many journals like the Prave of Adbee (Ahsan)

The great individual dignity in the poetry

Markaz Kamraz and Wularaki Malar of Halqa e Adab Sonawari.

of Ahsan has been long recognized and

In the end ,It is my humble suggestion

appreciated by Prof. Shafi Shoq and Naji

that the real diamond in Ahsan Sahib could

Munnawar in the first edition of their "Kashiri

not be recognized until all of his poetry and

Adbach Tawareekh" in these words :

prose works are formally published for the

"Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan bases his

benefit of scholars and critics.If he has not

poetry on his personal experiments while

done it himself ,the Halqa e Adab Sonawari

de via tin g f ro m t he t ra ditio n o f p oe try

,the Adbee Markaz Kamraz and all of us are

writing.His satire and untraditional diction

responsible for doing it at the earliest. Thank

m a k e h i s G h a za l a n d N a zm f u l l o f

you!

individuality though his wording is fully well traditional" (p.213). Ahsan has contributed a lot of research and compilation work to Kashmiri language and literature.He has also contributed to Kashmiri literature through his translation work.He has some wonderful research papers and essays to his credit also.The Kashmiri Encyclopedia would bear witness to the quality of the research work that he has put in his sixty enteries.During his tenure at Academy ,he compiled many poetry and

(The author read this article at the annual conference of the Bahar e Adab Tilgam Patan at Tangmarg on September 10 ,2015)




36

Khanqahi Sheikh - ul - Aalam Translated by: Sonaullah Niyaz

Khanquahi - Sheikhul - Aalam lies in

Khanquah was raised there and on the

Charari Sharief 28 kns to the South West of

Eastern side to enter into the Khanquah just

Srinagar. This town is between 74. 49

opposite to the three doors the stairs of white

longitude and 33.52 latitude 9400 above sea

marble comprising six steps each were built.

level. To the North East of Khanquah lies the

Th e sma ll sp rin g t o t he S o ut h o f t h e

shrine of Sheikhul- Aalam ( R A )

Khanquah was walled in concrete and many

This Khanquah was built during the reign of Badshah ( 1420- 1470 A D ) when

washrooms were built near it. A parapet was also raised along the road.

the shrine of Sheikhul - Aalam had already

Khanquahi Sheikh- Ul - Alam is a very

b e e n b u i l t . Du r i n g Ch a k p e ri o d , t h i s

big and long structure of timber with brick

Khanquah got damaged due to fire and was

foundation, which is a living example of

rebuilt by the order of Yaqoob Chak ( 1586-

peculiar architect of Kashmir. This structure

88 A D ) It is said that at the time of laying its

is made out of timber pieces of a particular

foundation stone there was a slight variation

mea surement , wh ich are tightly in te r-

with regard to (Qibala) which was set straight

connected with one another. Its pillars are

by weiki reshi by dint of his spiritual power.

raised on the basement of timber. The four

During the Moughal period, this Khanquah

faced roof of three stages is supported by

got again demolished and was again rebuilt

four deodar poles. A chatravelli type of tower

during the reign of Mohammad Shah Ghazni

stands on it. To the North and South of

( 1724 - 27 AD ) by Kh. Nizam Drabu, a noble

Khanquah are seclusion cells. The central

man of Kashmir, and Kh. Mahmood.

part of the mosque is long and wide. Just at

During the reign of Pathan governor Atta

the very entrance, is " Yawan Mache" buried

Mohammad Khan (1808- 10 AD ), Khanquahi

under foot step, who according to common

was again repaired. During the regime of

belief had accepted Islam on the advice of

Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad, (1953 - 62 AD )

Sheikh- Ul- Alam.

while conducting expansion of the shrine and its surroundings, the roof of the Khanquah

The Shrine of Sheikh- Ul - Alam ( RA )

was replaced with tin. The Mazar Teng to the

This shrine lies in Chararib sharief 28

East of Khanquah was dug down and a stair

kms to the South West of Srinagar. This

of chiseled stones equal in width to the

town is located between 74.49 longitude


37 33.22 latitude and is 6400 ft. above the sea

came the compound of the shrine and the

level. At the site of the shrine lay the orchard

plain plot to its South into being. The

of Sangram Dar the closest follower of

inhabitants of Pukhribal were settled in the

Sheikh - Ul -Alam ( RA ) which was known

Tilwan Bagh. During the new construction of

as " Dache - Haar" . Sangram Dar had

the shrine, its roof was replaced by tin

already built a mosque in this orchard where

instead of ( Burzah ).

Hazrat. Sheikh - Ul- Aalam ( RA ) used to

Subsequently, the path inside the shrine

come from Rupawan to offer Friday prayers.

too was expanded which is hundred feet long

This mosque existed till the time of Yaqoob

on all sides and in between it ties holy tomb

Saha - i- Chak ( 1586- 88 AD ).

forty feet in dimension and all in all the four

It is said that in the same "Dach-Haar"

directions. The holy tomb has ( Khatam band

orchard Hazrat Sheikh- Ul- Aalam descended

) ceiling and on all sides has glass panes

down into the earth along with his coffin near

equal to human heights where through

the ( Hether ) shrub where the present shrine

pilgrims can sight view the tombs. Inside the

stands. This shrine was got built by Badshah

shrine the pillars contain Persian verses and

( 1420- 1470 AD). During the Chak period a

the verses containing the date of Sheikh's

portion of the shrine gutted in to the fire and

departure top the next world which are the

was repaired by the order of Yaqoob Shahi -

specimens of calligraphy.

Chak .During the Mughal period when Mahmood Shah Ghazni ( 1425- 27 AD ) was at the helm of affairs, the

Khanquah of

In the main tomb ( Hujrai Khas ), besides Sheik- Ul- Aalam, lie buried (1):Nasar- ud- din (2):Zoog Ruesh

Charar caught fire, at that time besides

(3):Mir Rues

(4):Lole Haej

Khanquah the shrine too was repaired and

(5):Rupa Ruesh (6):Reep Ruesh

expanded by the noble man of Kashmir

(7):Sehe Ruesh

Khawaja Nizam - ud- Drabu and Khawaj

(8):Nate Baabe and Bada Junied too.

Mehmood Deadamari. During the period of

All of them belonged to Reshi dynasty. In the

Pathan Governor Atta Mohammad Khan (

secred tomb ( Rozai Pak ), the tomb of

1808- 10 AD ), The shrine was rebuilt. During

Shekh- ul - Aalam ( RA ) is higher than all the

the same period, Atta Mohammad Khan got

tombs lying to its East. On the Western side,

the coins minted in the name of Sheikh Noor

besides Hazrat - i- Sheikh, is the grave of

- Ud - ( RA ) and Sheikh Hamzah ( RA ).

Baba Nasar Ud Din and the remaining eight

During the regime of Bakshi Ghulam

graves lie along it.The grave stone of Hazrat-

Mohammad ( 1953-62 AD), the shrine was

i- Sheikh is engraved with the era of his

re b uilt wit h ex p an sio n. B esid e s th e

departure as 827 Hijiri where as the date of

surroundings, ditchy surface was leveled

Sheikh- Ul- Aalam according to the most

evenly. At that time, the plateau type Mazar

dates of death is 842 Hijiri. Among these

Teng to the West of shrine was dug down to

dates the first one is that of Baba Nasar- Ud-

fill up the canal ( gutter) of Pkhribal. Thus

Din in Kashmiri.


38 (Meaning Nund has departed for heaven

stick of Sheikh-Ul- Aalam( RA )

and it shows the year of death as 842 hijiri.)

(2) A garment of

faded white colour

Baba Naseeb - ud- din Shah puts it that on

with small red lines

his visit to Charar- i- Sharief, he this date

(3) two wooden cups, one of them with

engraved on door.

a hole in it.

The pilgrim place of Sheikh-Ul- Aalam

(4) a wooden foot wear( Nalain -i-

(RA) is the best specimen of wood work,

Mu ba rik ). Be sid es th e re is gree n

which is generally believed to be the architect

coloured woolen garment of Sayid

of Reshi style. But the wood carving on it is

Mohamamd Aali ( RA ) and a wooden

comparatively better than that of other Reshi

rosary (Sting of beads) of faded

shrines. On all sides it has engraved boards

colour. In addition to these, there is a

and logs. Besides, it has the latest

real Manuscript of the Holy Quran,

(Khatamband ) ceiling and vaulted windows

which as it is believed belongs to the

on all sides. The windows on the eastern

age of Sayid Mohammad Aali (RA).

side have waroosi and the windows on

Sheikh Hamza Mukhdooimi (RA) used

western side are decorated with beautiful

to visit the pilgrim place of Sheikh-Ul- Aalam

curtains during the fair. This pilgrim place

bare foot out of regard and respect for him.

with four staged roof has tower of common

Akbr, the Great, ( 16th century AD) had given

Reshi style. The viewing window to the south

a twenty two feet long lease document to the

of pilgrim place too is the specimen of the

Reshi's of the shrine which exists till date.

latest architecture. Out side the shrine just at

This lease document bears the seal of

a distance of one feet to the south east of it a

Jahangir and it contains the turn of each for

board of memorizing 6th century celebrations

the shrine.

of Sh eikh -Ul- Aalam

wa s ere cted in

Maharaja Gulab Singh (1846- 55 AD)

November, 1978. It contains inscriptions in

too has gone on the pilgrimage to the shrine.

Urdu as well as in Kashmiri. This stone has

During the rule of Bakshi Ghulam

been laid by the then Chief minister Sheikh

Mohammad, the stones of the Chak grave

Mohammad Abdullah.

yard were shifted to Charar, from which a

In the shrine, there are f ootwears (Manjeela Shrine) of Sayidat- ul- Nisa Hazrati

strong bedded stone shrub exists in the park in front of the shrine.

Fatima made of date bask. The crystal

On 26th of Pouh, every year a fair is

headed walking stick of Hazrat-i- Auais Karni

held in the shrine where in the people from

an d t he gree n c olo ure d woo le n ro be /

all sects participate. Besides, pilgrims keep

garment of Hazrat-i- Shah-i- Hamdan. All

visiting the place through out the year.

these three secred gifts had been given to Sheikh-Ul- Aalam ( RA ) by Mir Mohammad Hamdani. Besides, these there are: (1) Silver headed / handled walking

(This is an entry prepared by Late Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan for Encyclopedia of Kashmir.)




39

Face By: Muhammad Ahsan Ahsan

Translated by: Aejaz Mohammed Sheikh

A person comes to the brink of slapping

the head of the family; that too when the

his face when his looks fall upon the bear

winter season is approaching. On one side

slap. One cannot recognize Dilawar Gujjar

he has to face the entreaties of his wife and,

without talking about the bear slap. It is said

on the other, he has to face his family

that when he wrestled with a bear in the

members. A person is not able to face the

f o r e s t , h e a l mo s t k i l l e d t h e b e a r b y

person with whom he could not keep his

strangulating his throat. The bear was still

wo rd ; e sp ecially, whe n a go ve rnmen t

breathing when Dilawar Gujjar felt that his

employee does not receive his pay on time at

face was drenched in blood. He rolled his

the end of the month. He cannot face the

hand over his face and could not trace his

shopkeeper who, on turn, shows him his

nose, right eye and lip along with the

angry

moustache. Wow! the bear had slapped him

recently-become-rich lord/ aristrocrat, he

and his left eye had somehow remained

would slap him repeatedly. After such a

unscathed. After his recuperation, no one

treatment, how can the poor fellow walk in

among his acquaintances in the low lying

the market. Moreover, if any of his relatives

areas could recognize Dilawar Gujjar.

resides in that area how can he face them?

face.

And

if

he

is

a

Gradually people came to know that he

Otherwise he has to behave as if he has

was the same Dilawar Gujjar who had

no face. You might think that I am reminded

sacrificed his face when he killed the bear.

of Dilawar Gujjar whose face was tarnished

Anyways, even if you label it as bear slap

by the bear. If one looks around, he would

(haapath chapaath) but, even without the

find that everything has a face. Srinagar is

face, Dilawar Gujar still remains Dilawar

considered the face of Kashmir but the

(brave). Faceless is the ruler who does not

corners of its mouth have stretched up to its

care about any person. Faceless is the

ears, its eyes have got closed by shutters

person whose face changes on seeing even

and its nose has also skidded from its place

his friends. The face also swells when the

but it is still regarded as face. Its denizens

wasp stings but when the thorn is pulled out

suddenly change their face. They have no

the swelling goes off automatically. The face

work and also have no leisure time. They are

of a person looks haggard when he is either

only thinking about how they can peel off a

plagued by sicknesses or when he serves as

person's face…………Dilawar Gujjar had


40 killed the bear. But rude bears have cropped

His face keeps blushing during counting of

up from every drop of his blood--- the bear of

votes. But when he wins the election, his

expensiveness, the bear of bribery, the bear

face gradually turns red and then he talks to

of deceit and treachery. There are so many

the people with a frowned face. Firstly, they

bears that are bent upon tearing up the faces

keep hundred faces within their pockets.

of the relatives and neighbours of the

They wear whichever face they want at a

faceless Dilawar Gujjar. Whoever comes in

particular time, and wearing that face they

their way they will make him faceless. The

exploit and deceive the people at will. And if

present day feasts stare us in the face. Even

people speak in their face at a particular

in presence of the guest control law, the

time, they tell them, "I never knew that you

traem (big round copper plate) at the start (of

are such an unruly lot. Remember, you will

e a t in g ) c o n t a i n s a min imu m o f t h r e e

never see my face again in future."In nutshell

kilograms of meat and at the end (of eating)

faces have price. If a person goes to buy a

its weight grows up to six kilograms. In case

cloth with a nice facing, his face sulks on

it does not happen like that, the hosts of the

learning about the price. And back home he

marriage party would not be able to face the

has to tell his family," Don't ask me anything;

society. Only the host knows and feels the

just have a look at my face."

pressure of the situation; leaning his face on his hand, he continuously stares at the half-eaten plates and the colour of his face

(The translator teaches Linguistics at the Department of Linguistics, University of Kashmir.)



gets transformed when he has to pay the bill of the waaza (head cook) and the butcher. Even after exhausting all his savings, the in-charge of the marriage feels relieved that the marriage concluded in an amicable manner and that he had not to deal with the f a ce o f gu est co n t rol la w. T h e pe o p le belonging to the poor class of the society have also to put up little bit of a face. Cutting short their needs and curbing their desires, these people also marry off their daughters and try to save their face on such occasions and maintain the dignity of their represe nta tives. B ef o re be coming the representative, the people's representative treats masses with a smiling face. If a voter visits his house, the representative comes out from his house to warmly greet the voter.

          

                                    


41

Humour in Kashmiri Folk lore By: Mohammad Ahsaan Ahsan

Translated by: Sonaullah Niyaz

After going through the history minutely

mile stone in the whole world.

we come to know that if a nation remained

Be it a sarcastic remark of a satire, a

prosperous during the period of a ruler, the

buffoonery or an indecent joker or a jesting,

next ruler

humour or Frivolity, all these come under the

(King) had been cruel to them. During

heading of humour and in our folklore we

such periods the nations have fallen prey to

have a great treasure of it. We don't need

sadness and sorrow. Where as it is natural to

psychoanalysis of laughing or smiling here,

be all praise for an efficient and kind hearted

my aim is to explain

king, to pray for getting rid of an inefficient

element of humour exist in our folklore. In

and cruel king is but natural. People try to

folktales of Kashmiri, " Bald King and the

find out ways and means to express their joy

Shepherd" " Ugly Queen and Cobbler's wife"

and sorrow. Confronted with hurdles and

" One eyed Wazir and the daughter of Black

hardships people lighten their hearts by

Smith" " Foolish King and Poor Village

weeping and wailing and there is no way out

Woman." The clothes of Heaven and the

but to taunt against tyranny. Be it a famine or

Foolish king' like titles on the one hand

break out of a disease or forced labour, be it

amuse us and on the other unveil the tyranny

a shocking earthquake or the destruction of

of the ancient kings and we come to know

the floods, what else could be done with out

how intelligent people by ridiculing cruel and

facing all such natural disasters gladly. It was

foolish kings have tried to provide joy and

enough for the people to share the company

pleasure to themselves. It is not binding upon

of others in order to avoid sadness and to

writers th at th ese f olkta le s sho uld go

satisfy the self and to provide a chance of joy

shoulder with shoulder to our recorded

and merriment to others. It is such an

history, but it is to be seen what elements

expression that would amuse some people

directly or indirectly lies at the plot of the

and enchant others. All such terms of

story. After going through Kashmiri folktales

amusement and enchantment in literature

minutely we come across at least half of the

stand labelled as humour. Humour is always

number of such tales which bear no sign or

outcome of intelligent and funny people

smell of humour.( However these tales have

wherein the Kashmiris have excelled in under

helped the Kashmiris in passing terrible and

all circumstances and it is because of this

torturing nights of Winter with pleasure.)Our

that humour in Kashmiri folklore has set a

folktales like the love affairs of beautiful'

to what extent the


42 Heemal and Ugly Naegrai'',tales based on

plays the most important role. The joker feels

the treatment of step mothers,'' treatment of

it a failure on his part to play his role with out

cruel masters unto their servants", "The tales

obscenity and satire. This low quality of

of foolish kings, etc. are just the outburst of intelligent minds and mere example of humour. Th ere is no de arth of h u mrous characters in our folklore. Our folklore is full of tales relating to humrous characters. Like Aakhoon Saeb,   ,Patchedar

  , or    

    and Shude the tales

Wutal haem 

relating to Charas smokers, Aakhoon Saeb

humour too used to amuse the audience and the character of joker has great importance inproducing non serious literature. It is worth mentioning here that even in serious dramas the need of these non serious characters is felt. While estimating the literary richness of a language, it is necessary to consider the vastness of its proverbs, allusions and

and Patchedar when heard contain humour

sayings. These elements have always come

in every phase. Be it the tale of fasting of

to literature from folk heritage. From this

Charas smoker, or the story of Patchedars

point of view Kashmiri language ranks very

killing of Camel, the incident of burning

important language of the world. What is to

Aakhoon Saebs turban or drying up the

be seen now is the quantity of humour that

clothes in the moon light by Charas smokers,

this kind of literary stock contains/

Patchdars sowing salt in the lake of Malgam or steps taken by Charas smoker to save himself from cold. All such tales amuse us during the period of gloom. Similarly the bald

possesses. Though the support of historical incidents is a must, yet there is no dearth of such allusions in our literature that the predecessors have passed on to us the guise of humour .

headed Son of the blind old woman in many

" The Camel ate cotton in Islamabad

folklores represents wisdom which is full of

and in Baramulal the nose of the Cardar

humour. Now let us come across the jokes of

was cut"

t h e B h a g a t t h e a t r ' s K a s h m i r i D r a ma "Bhande Paether"

        which begins with

the folk tradition .The Bhagats presented their shows with satire and buffoonery and obscenity,enjoyed themselves and amused the onlookers too. This tradition exists at some places even now. Be it Raja Paether

      ,Raj Natak Gusaen Paether(Gusayein       Natak),be it Grais Paether      or Bata     . In all these dramas,the joker Paether    

               

Though this allusion ref ers to the tyranny of the past, nevertheless we get amused to hear it even now Similarly the allusion of the city of

Pumpkins ,one the one hand this allusion refers to tyranny and torture meted out to the

people in the past; on the other hand, it is a satire of the rulers of the time. The allusions we have received traditionally are the Cow of Aagar Bhat

       ,The daughter - in - law of


  Maya Ram      and the blushing of    .These examples Aakhoon Saeb   

43 who walks first on four feet then on two feet and later on three feet, Human being- Who

are a part and parcel of the humour in our

in childhood walks on hands and feet then

folklore. Kashmiri proverbs and sayings too

on legs in youth and in old age along with

contain humour. Here are some examples.

walking stick or three legs. While reviewing

                                                                                                                                                     

There are hundreds of such examples

from proverbs and sayings which contain element of humour. It is not binding upon us

the folk poetry, the vast stock of our folklore ,we come to know that it has greatly effected our creative poetry and not only in the poetry of unknown poets but more or less in the poetry of celebrated poets as well we talk of folk poetry. The existing kinds of folk poetry as Ruf

   (singing of women folk while

dancing to and fro together);W ana W un

 songs of marriage ceremony);Manzel Baeth.       (The  Songs    of Nende Baeth  

that all the proverbs and sayings of our

songs sung while weeding out paddy) and

literature be our own mental expression, but

Laddi Shah etc. occupy a peculiar position in

it is worth noting how artistically they have

our creative literature and these different

been framed and formulated and to what

kinds of poetry are even now in vogue. It is

extent humour and intelligence of the

pertinent to mention here that what ever we

Kashmiris represented by them. In literature,

receive from the folk tradition has a creator

riddles

behind it but anonymity of the creator and

 reflect the joint wisdom.

Their language adds to the language of

just traditionally passing on of such things to

allegory what makes it difficult to make out

us includes this stock in folk literature. The

the meaning of the riddles. Often even the

major portion of our folk poetry stands bound

riddle in its simplest form perplexes the

by the State Cultural Academy in seven

minds of the people which adds to the beauty

different volumes.

of such associations. It would be proper to

Our folk poetry contains satire as well as

quote some riddles here wherein the element

sarcastic remarks. It also contains humour

      meaning of humour is evedent.  

and buffoonery. It contains examples in all

Thread and needle meaning lamp meaning

aspects of humour. whereas Laddi Shah is

a mouthful morsel meaning.

the most important and celebrated phase of

Generally riddles are included in folk

sarcastic and satirical poetry, the character

poetry but it is not imperative that all such

presenting is also known as Laddi Shah    

riddles be appropriate. Some riddles are

whatever quantity of humour the Laddi Shah

used in purpose as interrogative and they too

phase of poetry possesses, the Laddi Shah

do not lack in humour what is that which the

who presents it

   rich preserve and the poor throw away. 

doubles its beauty by

presenting it in his peculiar style. Whatever


44 folk poetry we receive in the form of Laddi

away with the result day light was replaced

Shah when seen through the mirror of

by darkness. Perhaps it would provide

history, it appears to be pure Shaharaashub

clothing to cover bodies in the country. Char

 which needs not to be put forth just in

Khana i,e clothing is prepared. Our folk lore

the phase (aspect ) of Laddi Shah. But since.

poetry contains a remarkable portion of lyrics.

The Laddi Shah is the beloved phase of

These songs come in to existence for the

poetry. Its presenter Laddi Shah is the most

amusement and enjoyment of children.

liked character. It is because of this that by

Therefore, to contain element of humour in

presenting wailing cries of natural disaster

these songs is but natural. Most of the songs

and social evil in such a humorous style

are such which have provided physical

amuses people. Laddi Shah whether writing

exercise and the children while singing them

after being impressed by some grave social

play.Some games such as and if labeled as

incident or by some natural disaster, it

lyrical perhaps wouldn't be wrong. The

necessarily contains element of humour.

marriage songs ( Wana wun ) are varied

Hence while discussing humour in folk

from the other kinds of folk poetry and these

poetry, Laddi Shah is to be the first and

are a beautiful blend of lyrics and praise. The

f o re mo s t co n s id e ra t io n . W h e re a s t h e

women are behind the creation and acting of

destruction brought by the floods presents a

these songs. During different intervals of

gloomy picture, Laddi Shah presents such

marriage ceremony, such songs add to the

incidents in humrous style to amuse people.

charm of the celebration by singing songs

                                                                                        

conducive to the occasion and environment and some times persuaded to resort to satire or sarcastic remarks or use humour just for amusement. Here are some examples which reveal the element of humour in marriage songs. During Mehandiraat, women say after looking at the big hands of the bride

                   

Though the rains were needed for the crops of paddy and maize it washed away the buildings also. The paddy godown too was washed away and floods gripped and grappled every thing. Here f loods are addressed to as Sailab Singh to make the people laugh. Similarly expressing dearth of clothes Laddi Shah confronts people saying. The tails of the asses have been blown

We'll mix henna in bronze pots and fix it on your bold hands. Similarly while bathing a bride they like this

                      W e'll bathe you by f illing water in

saucers but remember you'll not do any


45 work.

the guests there is often a tussle in between

W h e n t h e n u mb e r o f gu e st s wit h

the two parties (such examples are noticed

bridegroom be more than the fixed number,

even now ) on such occasions the women

songs are sung to harass the bride groom

have no opportunity of expressing sarcastic

                   

remarks, satire and buffoonery to their fill

                           your stomach Dear  yazimaun   

We had invited twenty five guests oh! Our Majnoon why you have brought one hundred guests, what for? After serving guests when there is no meet left for women or be left in very less quantity, they remark sarcastically as under

                   

is very weak Your Pashmina too is very intricate You,the purchaser of brides clothes may your neck crack as the clothes fell short of our daughter

                 

(The guests after enjoying the feast left in groups, for the poor women only turnip leaves are left behind.) When a marriage stands settled against the will of woman, they can't help but use a sarcasticall remark for

On such occasions the middle man has to bear the burnt and face the minced matters of the woman

         

the physical defect of the bride 

                          

Lovely bride look up to the sky your bridegroom is older than your father

                            

You the old men have attained the age of over fifty year but are still un married.

                 

Dear bride, had you no horse to ride on, you should hired an ass to reach earlier. During the marriage ceremony after serving

   

You the blind man come and decide the issue In the long run after reaching some decision when the bridegroom reaches home with the bride, the women present there start singing after preparing themselves with sarcastic remarks against the bride and her maternal home

                 

Similarly, on such occasions due to late arrival of the guests, they would say;

      

Father of the bride you have gained nothing The father of the bridegroom has won the field.

            

      

The bridegroom was accompanied by


46 noble men to the feast There (in the maternal home of bride) they had to sit on the flooring of the grass.

                        

Your maternal family have kept self grown grass on heating to be served to guests You pigmy size bride make haste to win over the property share. On such occasions, they can not but taunt the bride as well as her mother in - law

                         

Yujmani you have given birth to a naughty child Now the torture tool is coming to you The position of humour in folklore not only makes it lively and lucid but also stands as a guarantee to its life which at one and the same time gives vent to pain and pleasure. Here, it is worth noting that the flowers of humour are always amongst the thorns of satire, so it is said that wit and humour are inseparable (The translator of this article by Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan

is a retired lecturer of English and a

Vet era n ed ito r, c omp ile r an d cu ltu ral act ivist associated with the Halqa -e- Adab Sonawari and Adbee Markaz Kamraz.)



                                                                           

            

                                    


47

I Won't Write By: Mohammad Ahsaan Ahsan

Translatated by: Aejaz Mohammad Sheikh

I f eel like taking up pen and start

"samaaji bhalaiyun kaa wazir" (Minister of

writingwould write that which is completely

Social welfare) is Kashmirized into "samaeji

disjointed. Readers and writers both would

balaayan hud wazir" (Minister of Socia),

be lost Some would label my halfbaked

Kashmiri language will get a new

writing as having 'modern style' and without

term ISTELAAH. Similarly, if the Urdu news

giving a little pause/ without understanding

bulletin uses "24 FARW A RI KO HALF

would ca ll me modern DA STAAR

TULENGE" instead of "24FARW ARI KO

GANDNAM. GODA KYA GOV. What cannot

HALD UTHAYENGE", Urdu language would

be comprehended it considered as "modern"

get richer. But I am not able to coin such

sa yin g it is "mod e rn . " T h e writ er h a s

words. In this regard you can consider me as

something peculiar to say it contains

a sheer dumb person. I cannot say, "After

a m b i g u i t y t o c o m p r e h e n d i t m e a n s M U H L I S B U U N T A A R I N O h G o d !

PAANA if this is the style of modern

sowing sunflower seeds in one acre land, we got four quintals of TILA GOGUL. If GAASI BYOL is sown in 'nayan' (pastures), I cannot

writingthen take up the penit has good

sa y G A S I B YO L wa s s o wn in 'ya n a n '

security. If nobody can understand it who will

(streams). So, you people should tell me as

put it on KAHWACHI KUS KHAALES but it

to why should I write. It is simply wasting the

is CHET for what purpose should one

wr i t e wh e r e i s t h e d e ma n d f o r m y

paper. And then it was ok if paper would have been cheap. Let the paper become

writingRadio give a fresh fifty rupee note

cheaper, then one cannot feel sorry even if

as remuneration; it is better to write any

the paper gets wasted.

damn thing to get the sum for a mere ten

Oh yes I am reminded of another

minutes yes one thing has to be taken

thingNow we have not to write only for the

words he is regarded as a great write in

means of OZQA sustenance/ KAMAYIfor

equal measure. Only a great writer can say

some of our companions if you consider

care of there one who coins more new

["sakh mehnata saet' sapdaw aes' bajaah" (we can achieve success only through sheer

RadioGod's blessings, television a good

t h e f e e m u c h h i g h e r t h a n t h a t o f Radioits is said that people earn baskets

hardwork)]. If I would use "mehnata" word in

of money but it does turn into water in

place of "mehnats", then it would be treated

basket---wherefrom would the make-up

as an error---- If (the Urdu expression)

accessories be derived. Let me also write for


48 TV o self one, I can earn a lot and

bottom while the dirt and muck float on top.

secondly, in addition to the name I can

The sea covers up each and everything. It

develop connections. The high officers will

neither cares about the standard nor does it

also see youthey may not like to view or

bother about the abuses and foul language

listen to a Kashmiri programme May be s

of people. On one side we will say: O my

friend or an acquaintance may by chance

wife, you have ONTHAM GUURand in the

see you on television and then will visit early

s a me b r e a t h : O h u s b a n d , y o u h a v e

morning By Father, by father you wre

BADNAAM KIYA. Then we will listen: Were

l o o k i n g v e r y s m a r t wh a t a n i c e T V

you born out of a rock. Don't you have a

face suit was looking so nice  but the

sister---and then at the same time: O friend,

start praising my look, style and suitI will

h a v e c o me a s t h e b r o t h e r - i n - l a w i s

shirt was lacking the TV colour they will

dear Begum is dancing or: Three GASH

get scot free. I should look smart on TV, then

comingwhich has been parodied and so

n o b o d y w i l l c a r e a b o u t wh a t I h a d

many TSETIN pickles have been prepared.

writ t e n Le t me ta k e up / p ic k u p t he

But it is not mandatory to be a "youth" for

pen---start writing WORATH PORATH -

this. I have heard that they give chance to

Hundred rupees are in your pocket you will

the aged also without any purpose. However,

become so famous by spending mere ten

I neither fall in the category of youth nor in

minutes

pages

that of the aged. This is called misfortune.

for two daysyes, o yesit will take only two days one day for getting introduced

and

three

Let me first change my date of birth. But who

there JANKARI LELIYE and second from

a g re e s b u t t h e a r t i s t s a n d l it e ra t i o f

entreating/

the

Yuwawaani will raise hue and cry. They will

rehearsalthen only will hard work come to

demonstrate EHTIJAAJ. They will get me get

pleading

up

to

fruition and fame will be achieve oh no! I

will accept to "decrease" it. Even if anyone

me arrested/ make me a culprit. However, if I

decided on my own. I don't look at myself 

get myself enlisted among the elderly, I may

First, I will have to see if I can pay the TV

get counted and will be superannuated from

fee. Do I possess all the prerequisites for

services very earlyO dea selft is better

appearing KHASNAEK on TVNeither do I

not to write.

have long DAKH, that is the cobbler's

But it is ot good to stop writing--- I have

TSORTSHAnor is my hair spread over my

heard that if something gets published in the

shoulders-Neither the BELL BOTTOM nor

"Sheeraza" of Cultural Academy, one gets

the foreign accent in Kashmiri style  No my

remuneration for that; although they don't

alsodon't writeyou will lose two holidays

hitchesthey also seek standard you will

d e a r s e l f s a v e t h e s e t e n m i n u t e s

pay in plentyo, yesthere are also WAR

for no gain.

have to sit and write the standard paperso

O h y e s t h e r e i s a n o t h e r w a y

look at the seathe diamonds lie at the

dear self, stop KHE KATH come on, you will have to spend the day on duty and then


49 write standard papers during the night not o n l y t h i s i f yo u s t a r t wr i t i n g u n d e r

twenty-two breadsI have to say something else and I have reached somewhere else. I

compulsion the electricity will be off right

want to say that it looks odd to write without

from the evening. For two days there will be

getting any remuneration. This is what the

routine load shedding WAER. Then only five

new era stands for. This is what is called as

days of the we ek a re lef t they hav e

the scientific period.

ANWAER other routine cuts. God keep these electricity employees in good healthbut if

they would not have good health they wo u l d n o t h a v e b e e n a b l e t o W A R KAREN if electricity comes, they are

c u r s e d i f i t g o e s o f f t h e n t h e y g e t

W hat wrong had PETSHI DAR BICHAER done? (The translator is a professor of Linguistics at the Department of Linguistics, University of Kashmir.)



abusesGod bless them, the cattle do not

die due to GUUR W OHW A. Oh I have st re tche d it to o f a r I d on 't in te nd to write otherwise one can write plenty of

books in candle light or LASHI light Abdul Ahad Azad-Amir Shah Kreeri and Wahab Parrey had no table lamps One gets wonderstruck what for these early people wrote at that timeneither was ther Radio in

those days nor the Television and nor t h e ma g a zi n e s wh a t L A L A E C H h a d

                                       

they---they have written in plenty without any LALAECH but excuse me we belong to the new era why should we write without

any LALAECH. Even if the Hajin Literary Circle (Halqa-e-Adab Hajin) beseech/ beg for

                                

an article for 'Wolraek Malr' magazine, we would never give one we don't sell our literature in cheap rates why should we hand them our precious creative writing without any remuneration. They want to portray themselves/ make their name and seek papers f ree of cost we have to

develop the Kashmiri language and we do thatoh I have gone too farthis is what is called as 'eleven' plus 'eleven' makes

                                           


50

Legend Never Die ( A Tribute to Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan) Dr. Riyaz-ul-Hassan Mo ha mmad Ah sa n S ah ab wa s a n

examinations of Adbee ,Markaz Kamraz, he

institution of humanity, incarnation of true

connected people from different corners of

knowledge whether wordly or spiritual and

Kashmir to make sure that the process

an, unparalleled icon of Kashmiri literary

worked efficiently and transparently. His

tradition. The most bearing quality in him was

noble efforts kept the spirit of voluntarism to

his honesty and speaking of seriousness of

develop the sense of propagation and

matters beyond common expressions.

p r o t e c t i o n o f K a s h mi ri la n g u a ge a n d

Ahsan Sahab usually taught people

literature. His contribution in shaping up of

linguistic activism and humanistic and

the organization such as Halqa-e- Adab

philanthropic values. Beside a poet, he was a

Sonawari, Adbee Markaz Kamraz and other

good human being with angelic nature who

Kashmiri organizations is worth praising.

always cared for poor and needy throughout

Sinc e t h e inc ep t io n o f Ha lqa-e - A da b

his life without any show off. He showed a

Sona wari , he worke d his best in

way to an ordinary Kashmiri and made him

strengthening it as he was also its founder

a wa r e o f h i s b e i n g , c u l t u r e a n d t h e

member. He would manage the finances and

surroundings.

handle the difficulties single handedly and

Ahsan Sah ab con tribu te d a lot to

would organize the literary functions of the

literature, education and literary activism

f ederation with adulating succe ss. He

while remaining himself out of public. He

sacrificed his life in shaping the raw talent of

taught many people in the field of art and

Kas hmiri youth . He wa s an able

literature who are now poets and artists. He

administrator, compassionate

used to visit every locale in search of talent

and was also known for his magnanimity,

and would teach the youth to love the

oratory and had a synoptic view of things .

Kashmiri tradition of poetry and culture. His

besides these high qualities, he was a

writings teach us the art of comprehensions

multifaceted personality.

philanthropist

and understanding. He was truly an honest

Ahsan Sahab has immensely

statesman because he never compromised

contributed to local literature and social

on his ide olo gy.A hsa n S aha b is an

upliftment in various capacities near his

inspiration with which we go ahead with our

home town Hajin and other corners of the

activities.

state. He strengthened the roots of Idar- e-

During his tenure as the controller

Auqaf. He served as the principal of well


51 known Mohiduin Hajini Memorialm Public S ch o o l Ha jin , p u t t i n g h i s e f f o r t s a n d experience together to let the things go smoothly. Being the Financial secretary of Idar-e- Auqaf Hajin, he always managed things for the development and upliftment of the historical Jamia Masjid Hajin .Mohammad Ahsan Sahab is alive by his writin gs,his cont rib ution to dictio nary, encyclopedia, editorials and other academic journals viz Wulrik Mallar (HAS) and Prave AMK). He proved his worth in Art, Literature and education. He would never compromise on quality and played a pivotal role in preserving the relics of Kashmiri language, literature and culture. Ahsan Sahab was the man of simplicity with a foresight, wit and minute observation. Humour was his treasure. The biggest tribute to this great personality is to publish his writeups and hold seminars and conferences on his great contributions to Kashmiri

                                                 

                                           

language and literature. With zeal and zest, we must be committed to take the legacy of late Ahsan Sahab forward. (The author is the teacher by profession and has been actively writing and documenting on Kashmiri language, literature and culture. He has authored Adbee Markaz Kamraz: Akhg Tareekh besides many other noteworthy contributions to the field.)



                                            


52

Tribute to

Mohammad Ahsan Ahsan Dr. Jawaid Bin Nabi

There are only a few people who come

Ahsan Sahab hailed from Hajin town.

in our lives and leave profound footprints that

The town is known as the town of saints,

remain for a very long. It is true that this

scholars, philosophers and poets. After a

materialistic world has seen less number of

brief illness, Ahsan Sahab left this world on

great folks whose death has been mourned

13th September 2017. He was known for his

and lamented for years rather centuries. As

writings and research generally in Kashmiri

s o me o n e t r u l y s a i d " L i v e a l i f e wi t h

language.

soberness, after your death people would

A h s a n S a h a b wa s t h e c o n t r o l l e r

mourn you." Muhammad Ahsan Ahsan was

examination of Adbi Markaz Kamraz at that

really one among them. He was the man of

point of time when the examination was held

unique stature and character. One of the

at dif ferent levels : Higher Secondary,

noted poets and scholars, Moti Lal Saaqi

Colleges and Universities. He was the

wrote in his book ( Gaashir Manaar) that

member of editorial board of Mashaheer -e-

there are angels live on sky, though I haven't

Kamraz & Prave. He served as the member

seen them but on earth I have seen a living

of General Counsel & Advisory Board of

angel in the shape of Muhammad Ahsan

Sahathiya Academy. He also contributed to

Ahsan.

encyclopedia and dictionary projects of

Ahsan Sah ab was a gre at and

Kashmiri language comprising 4 volumes.

renowned poet, well known scholar and a

Moreover, for many years he supervised the

famous literary figure. There are many other

publication of Vular -i- Mallar, an annual

towering personalities of Kashmiri literature

magazine of Halqai Adab Sonawari. He was

and language who devoted their whole life

also the President of Halqai Adab Sonawari,

for its sustainability and development.

a core member of Awkaaf Committe Hajin

Burning their mid-night oil to take Kashmiri

and the p atron o f Mo hi- u d-d in Hajini

la n g u a g e t o wa r d s n e w h o r i z o n s a n d

Memorial Public School Hajin. Being an

parallels, Ahsan Sahab was one among

accomplished editor, Ahsan Sahab edited

them. Doubtlessly, it is because of these

more than one dozen books including the

great personalities that the Kashmiri art,

widely read Nemayiat Ullaha Safapori,

literature and language are known to many

Kalami Muhammad Khar, Kalami

across the cosmos.

Ahmadullaha Hakabari & others. Ahsan


53 Sahab was also the recipient of many

Sahab as a good human being of high

prestigious awards including Bahari Adab

character and a beacon of light for the next

Tilgam, Khilat Hajini, Sharfi Kamraz and

generation. In his death, we collectively lost a

many others.

great poet, researcher and a nice human

Ahsan Sahab was not only a renowned

being. One could argue that the Kashmiri

Kashmiri poet and researcher but also a

literature has lost one of the richest and

noble and kindhearted soul who always

finest voices and that too at a time when the

encouraged and guided the youngsters. He

language is touching new

was an inspiration to many young poets and

As Sagar Kashmiri said:

scholars of Kashmiri language and literature.

Tyuth Sa'da Manush Yas Nah Dekas

Ahsan Sahab lived a life of great value and

Dreh Na dilas daag,

high stature. He was known for his soft and

Poz Ilm- o- adbuk Aaftaba Ous Ahsan

eloquent language.

Saeb.

I clearly recollect that it was during the

Ahsan Sahab has been a source of

last Ramdhan when I went to enquire about

inspiration and a person of inexhaustible

the health of Ahsan Sahab at his modest

knowledge and depth. He was also known

residence. During my long conversation with

for his austerity and all time eloquent and

him and his nephew Abdul Ahad Hajini, a

humorous conversations with others. He was

noted poet and writer, he told me about his

a man of envious humility who always

hardships and other struggles he faced in his

treated everyone equally. He was an ardent

life. He also told me how he would go to

lover of natural beauty. He p layed an

school by foot while praising the modern

instrumental role in enriching Kashmiri

technology that has reduced the distance

language and literature.

and the time of people. When I asked him

I believe the real tribute to this great

about his writings, he laughed and replied,

poet and researcher would be to publish his

"Unfortunately my illness has dried the ink of

works, hold conferences and seminars in his

my pen."

name at different national and international

We talked about many things, his life,

cultural forums.

writings and the days in M.D Hajini Memorial

The poetry of Ahsan Sahab has been

Public School Hajin where he served as a

admired by prominent poets and literatures

patron for years. Fortunately, during those

lik e Ra hma n Ra h i, Ma sh a l S u lt a n p u ri,

days I was a student in the same institution. I

Ghulam Nabi Aatish, Dr Farooq Fayaz,

would say it was a great privilege to meet

Satish Vimal Gulshan Majeed,Fayaz Tilgami,

such a legendary personality who in-spite of

Shahnaz Rasheed, Muhammad Yusuf Taing

his ill health was still scanning the pages of a

and many others.

book which indicated his deep love and respect towards the Kashmiri literature. Candidly speaking, I observed Ahsan

Legends never die, so Muhammad Ahsan Ahsan will always be remembered. He without an iota of doubt was a legend. Dr


54 Reyaz ul Hassan has rightly summed up him as: Aakh Anjaman, Aakh kaarvan, Aakh Baab Ous Alim Wa Adbuk Baakhuda Aftaab Ous Ahsanan Yeam Khonah Sagnow Lolah Baag Poshe Chamna Pew Harith Shadaab Oous. (The author is a Master's level student at the Islamic University of Science and Technology.)



                                            

                                                                             

                      

                                                    


1

    

ISBN: 978-81-8339-474-1

  -  

   



 

 

                        

190001   793       

       



 

WWW.prave.in adbeemarkazkashmir@gmail.com Contact No's: 9697441696, 9419011590


2


3

 5 7 13 21

  

     

28



36

  

40 44 51 57

 

     

 

60



66



82

 

85



91



94

 

99

  

104

   

110

  

101

117 120



 

                                              

       

     

                                   

                                                                                  


4

125



140



142



148

151

   

            

153

 

156 157

   

   

158



159



160 160 161 161

 

 

   



162

    

162

  

163 163 164

       

   



155

           

  

152

154

      

 

    

 

                      

    

      

                          

   



       


5

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        


6

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        


7

        

                                       L i v e r F l u k e                   Airdication                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 


8

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Agriculture                                               Instructor                                                                                                        Agriculture                                                                                                                                                                                    


9

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Pladium Gali                                                                                                                                      


10

                                                                                                                                            

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Assignment                                  A s s i g n m e n t                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 


11

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     


12

                                                                      

                                                               

                                                                      

                                                                                                                                                                     

                                           

           


13

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

                                                                                                                                

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          


14

                                                                                                       (Blank verse, free verse)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        


15

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       :  Reprint


16

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 


17

                                   

                  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       


18

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        


19

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

                                                             

            

                                                                                                                                                             

 


                 

                                                                                                                       

 

      

   

20

                                                                                                                                       

                                                  

                                                                                                                                                                             


21

             

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    


22

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          


23

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             


24

                                                           

       

                    

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                


25

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              


26

                                                                                                            

                                         

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            


27

                                     

           

                                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                                                        

                          

                                                               


28

     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               


29

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              -                                             -                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               


30

      

  

  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

                                                                                                               

                                                                                        

  

  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                         


31

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

                                                                                                                          


32

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    


33

                                                                                        

   

               

                                                                                                                                                                                                              

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            


34

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 


35

                                                                                           

     

                                                                  

                       

                                   

                                                                                                  


36

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  


37

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              


38

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    


39

                           

     

                                                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                

   

                                              

                            

     




40

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               


41

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     


42

                       

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

                       

                              

                                                                                                     


43

                                         

                                                                                

      

                                                                

                                                                                            Identify                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              


44

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 


45

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               


46

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     


47

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           


48

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             


49

                                                                                                                                                                                                     



                

 

             

   

              

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   


50

    

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                              

 

                                                                                              


51

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

                                                                

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    


52

                                                                                                              

                                                            Stylish                                                                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                                   -                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      


53

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              


54

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      


55

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          


56

                                                                                                           

                                                                

                                                                 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                                                           


57

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 


58

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            


59

                                                                                                                                                       

                                                                                                                                                                               

                                  

                            

                                      

                      

                           

                  

                         

                                                                         


60

                                                                                                                          

                                                                                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           


61

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          


62

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             


63

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 


64

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     


65

                                                                                                                    

                                                        

                                                                     

                                                                                         Email: jameelnishatansari@gmail.com 7006187808,9419011590,7298903208


66

                                                                                                                                                                                              

                                                                                                                                              

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            


67

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      


68

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    


69

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      


70

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                


71

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   


72

                                                   improvement                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   


73

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           


74

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   


75

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        


76

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               


77

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   


78

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

                                                                                


79

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         


80

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                           


81

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      


82

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              


83

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Commitment                                                                                                                                     


84

           

        

       



                  

  

                                              Sponsar                                                                 

                                                                                                                                                                                                    


85

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 


86

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (Visionary)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               


87

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (Reading Public)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             


88

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                         



                                                                                                                 

                                                                                                                        Reading Public               

              


89

                                                                                                                                                         

          

                                                                                                                                                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Reading Public                  

                                                                                                                                    


90

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            (Guide lines)                                                                                                                                           

  

                                     

                     

                                                                                


91

                                                                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                                            

                                                                                                                                                          E x t r a                        Curricular activities                                                                                                  


92

                                                                                                                  

                                                                         

                                                      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         


93

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          WYLL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       


94

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                            


95

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

                                                                                                                                       

 

                                                                                                                                                 


96

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               


97

                                                   

        

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

                                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               


98

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           



                   

                                  



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

   

                                                                                                                                  


99

                  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   


100

                                                                                                                                                                   

                                                                                        

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              


101

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     


102

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 


103

                                                                                                                                

                                        

                                           



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 


104

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            


105

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              


106

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               


107

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

                                                                           

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      


108

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            


109

                                                              

                                                                                                                                                      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          


110

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

         

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        


111

                                               

                                                                                                               

                     

                                                                                                                                      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   


112

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

                                 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   


113

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      


114

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Contribution                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        


115

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Smell                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      


116

                                                                                                                                          

                                                                 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       




117

             Enemy to none  Friend to one                                                              Friend                          to one                               

   

       

        

                                                                                        He dies not who               gives birth to learning                                        Kant      "The sunumbonum (Highest good) of man's integrity lies in his morality"

                                                                                                                  Franklin        "Be civil to all, sociable to many,                        familiar to few, friend to one enemy                        to none"                                                                


118

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              


119

        

                          

                                                                                                                                                                                  

         

     

                       

                               

                                                     


120

                   

                                                                        

                                                                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                          

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     


121

                                               

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

                                                                                                                                                           

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  


122

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

                                 (Contribution)                                                                                                 

                                                                                      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             


123

                                                               

                                                                                                         

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         "Editing is simply the               application of common sense of                           any good reader, that is why, to be an editor, you have to be                   a reader. It is number one              qualification.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              


124 sensitive task. a good editor will never underestimate an authors connection to, or passion for, the work. He will always be honest with you, and point out areas of weakness or grammatical errors. A g oo d ed i to r wil l g u id e yo u through your work, show you areas where you can express yourself better.

                                                             

                                                                               

                                              

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            (Anna Yeadell More)   Editing someone elses - work is a


125

      

                                                                                                                                                

         

  

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  


126

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               


127

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

                                                                                                                               

      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     


128

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

 

 



                 

  

     

                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         


129

   

                         

        

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             


130

                    

   

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     


131

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

                                                                                                                        