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Fine Art

of Backyard Farming





DISCOVER THE NEW NOR T H G E OR G I A MO U N TA I N S a t C o v e r e d B r i d g e E s t a t e s i n E l l i j a y, G A . A peaceful mountain community less than a hour north of Atlanta!

Visit Our Model Home! $2,500 toward your Design Selections if you use our Preferred Builder and purchase before November 5th 2017

Whether you’re searching for your first mountain home, vacation retreat or planning your retirement, Covered Bridge Estates is right for you. Our community offers an abundance of lifestyle opportunities. Watch wildlife from your balcony. Take a leisurely walk on paved roads throughout the gated community. Covered Bridge Estates is just a stone's throw away from Carter's Lake and the entrance to the Appalachian Trail where recreation opportunities such as hiking, boating, and mountain biking abound. Enjoy the convenience of local vineyards, dining & antique shops. Visit the historic downtown square, and enjoy the Annual Apple Festival. Covered Bridge Estates... the next place you will want to call home.

Community Features Use Brown Haven Design Center Open Daily “The Esteemed and Preferred Builder for Covered Bridge Estates” or Bring Your Own Builder

· Professionally planned community

· Sales office open daily

· Gated entrance w/cameras

· Homes starting in mid 200's

· Homesites starting in mid 30's

· Several home plans to choose from 1700 - 2500 sq. ft. of living area

· Incredibly low HOA fees · 1 to 3-acre build-able homesites

Contact Jackson at 706-669-4177 Contact Kylie Tom or Mary Anne at 706-669-4177or or Or Visit • 481 Bridge Road, Ellijay, GA 30540 Or Visit • 481 Bridge Road, Ellijay, GA 30540




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3310 3310 Blue Blue Ridge RidgeDrive Drive Blue Ridge, GA 30513 Blue Ridge, GA 30513

706-492-3071 706-492-3071

6.9 miles North of Blue Ridge on Hwy 5 toward McCaysville. | Monday - Saturday 9:00am - 5:30pm 6.9 miles North of Blue Ridge on Hwy 5 toward McCaysville. | Monday - Saturday 9:00am - 5:30pm



Did everyone enjoy the Longest Holiday Ever? I sure did! My brother was here for the entire time, and while he stays with a friend, it was sure nice to have him with me for a few nights. We spend Xmas Eve together toasting our parents with Manhattans and steaks- my father’s favorites. And then we celebrate our Mom on Xmas morning with dogs opening presents and a breakfast I make from scratch, two of her favorite things. On New Year’s Eve the dogs and I happily stayed in cuddled by the This is what happens when I take too long trying to snap an artsy photo of fungus on wood stove. But, wow, it sure a log: Maxine photo bomb! was hard to come out of that Holiday Spirit this year. Dogs are getting up in years, with Maxine at least 9 or 10, and Billy Zoom, who knows- maybe older. Maxine has developed an immune deficiency which is expensive to treat, and Billy has a crazy through the roof heartbeat and a collapsing trachea. The dogs get the primo treatment, me not so much. Luckily for you- I won’t list my old lady ailments. Like someone said to me not too long ago, “How would you know- you’ve never been this old before!” Truer words were never spoken. In this issue we revisit Ande Cook’s “The Fine Art of Backyard Farming” and more of her awesome artwork. We also look forward to celebrating the green with some recipes perfect for your St. Patrick’s Day gathering. And of course our extensive calendar of events give everyone plenty to do here in the mountains. Also in this issue is our first Artist in Residence column from long-time contributor Betty Kossick with her poem “Appalachian Voice.” Look for the 2nd Annual Needle Crafts Festival taking place again this April in Ellijay, GA. Last year was such a huge success that they’ve expanded for 2019. Hosted by Strings and Stitches, also in Ellijay, this event is on the fast track to becoming the “go to” event for Needle Craft fans across the country. Our next issue will feature Covered Bridge Estates in Ellijay, GA. Modern Craftsman homes set in the secluded north Georgia Mountains, yet close to Downtown Ellijay and all of the amenities Gilmer County has to offer. We’ll also be featuring the latest cool things to do in Ellijay- there’s plenty of new stuff on tap- including a visit to the Ellijay Coffeehouse and a tour of the new George Link, Jr. Gilmer Arts Playhouse- where acoustics take the main stage. And of course Billy Zoom had to see See y’all this spring! what was going on too, they are quite a team!



GARDEN| LANDSCAPE EDITOR Kevin Johnson | HISTORY EDITOR Leslie Barker Thomas | OUTDOOR ADVENTURE EDITOR Greg Dunn | STYLE & DESIGN EDITOR Cindy Trimble | ADVERTISING SALES NORTH Blue Ridge, Blairsville, Young Harris & Hiawassee, GA Murphy, Andrews, Brasstown & Hayesville, NC Angela Huffstetler 706. 851. 8190 | ADVERTISING SALES SOUTH Ellijay, Talking Rock, Jasper, Ball Ground, Canton & Woodstock, GA Tonia Sheppard 404. 784. 0620 | ALL INQUIRIES Appalachian Country Living 706. 492. 5070 | LAYOUT/DESIGN Alice Sexton Blue Ridge Media Group 706. 492. 5070 | DISTRIBUTION Arthur Pope Publication Marketing & Distribution, Inc. 770. 807. 3043 | CONTRIBUTORS Stuart Borders, Ande Cook, Betty Kossick, Karen & Janice Moss, Maxine & Billy Zoom

APPALACHIAN COUNTRY LIVING MAGAZINE PO Box 1250, Blue Ridge, GA 30513 706. 492. 5070


Appalachian Country Living Magazine is published six times a year. All rights reserved under International and Pan-American copyright conventions. Reproduction of this work in whole or in part without the written consent of the publisher is strictly prohibited. Appalachian Country Living is printed in the United States of America. The articles contained in this magazine are works of journalism and do not represent the opinions or ideas of Appalachian County Living Magazine and the publisher assume no responsibility for the content of advertisements. While we welcome submissions, the magazine is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts or photographs. Please do not send originals. The magazine is given away free by advertisers and at selected businesses in the region. A one year subscription is $20 per year for six issues. For renewals, new subscriptions, or any other correspondence, write to PO Box 1250 Blue Ridge, GA 30513.



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W W W . W I LT O N P L A C E S B . C O M We have all your shopping needs for Valentine’s and Spring Gift Giving! FEBRUARY/MARCH 2019





CONTENTS Spotlight, 7 Restaurant Cabin Coffee Co. Just Be Happy and Have Fun at Cabin Coffee Co. in Blairsville, GA.

11 So You’re Building a New Home?


Design Editor Cindy Trimble Discusses Important Choices in Starting the Process

14 The Fine Art of Backyard Farming

Local Part-Time Resident and Full- Time Artist, Ande Cook Shares Her Experience

20 I’m Looking Over a 4-Leaf Clover Celebrate St. Patrick’s Day with These Traditional Irish Recipes

24 26


2nd Annual GA Mountain Needle Arts Festival & Retreat Lovely Ellijay, GA Provides the Perfect Backdrop for This Weekend Festival

Feb/March Calendar

I’m Looking Over a Four-Leaf Clover... Test Your Luck of the Irish with These Party Favorites

Arts, Events, Kids Stuff, Hiking, Music, Theater, Plus Wine & Beer Tastings

This incredibly moist and rich color and interesting finish fro

Cake Ingredients 2 cups stout or dark beer, such 2 cups (4 sticks) unsalted butte 1 1/2 cups Double-Dutch Dar Dutch-process cocoa 4 cups Unbleached All-Purpos 4 cups sugar 1 tablespoon baking powder 1 1/2 teaspoons salt 4 large eggs 3/4 cup sour cream

Frosting Ingredients 1 pound bittersweet or semisw chopped 2 cups heavy cream 1 teaspoon vanilla extract




Ande Cook is an artist and aspiring farmer splitting her time between Atlanta and Blue Ridge, GA.



e Artd Fin of Backyar Farming

“Love this Country Life” 18 x 24 on wood. Available on : YOUR HOMEDO BUILDING YS OFF TO WHY IT PA WORK YOUR HOME /MARCH FEBRUARY




















Cake Preparation 1. Preheat the oven to 350°F. G three 8” or two 9” cake pans, a parchment paper circles. Be su are at least 2” deep. 3. Place the stout and butter in saucepan, and heat until the bu 4. Remove the pan from the he the cocoa powder. Whisk until smooth. Set aside to cool to ro 5. Whisk together the flour, su der, and salt in a large bowl; se 6. In a large mixing bowl, beat and sour cream. 7. Add the stout-cocoa mixture combine. 8. Add the flour mixture and m slow speed. Scrape the sides an bowl, and mix again for 1 min 9. Divide the batter equally am pans. APPALACHIAN COUNTRY LIVING



Fresh Roasted Coffee Everyday I-FI FREE W

COL. POOLE’S Georgia Bar-B-Q

PO Box 727 East Ellijay, GA 30539 706. 635. 4100

Breakfast: Sandwiches, Pastries, Cinnamon Rolls & Bagels Lunch: Soup, Salad & Sandwiches Drinks: Coffee, Mocha, Latte, Cappuccino, Frappe & Fruit Smoothies

Oscar and Edna Poole Darvin Poole

44A Town Square Blairsville, GA 30512 Like us on FB / CabinCoffeeBlairsville

706. 745. 0073


Happy Hour M-F 4:30-7 $4 Sushi Rolls • $1.50 Draft Beer $3 Glasses of Wine • $3-$7 Appetizers

706. 698. 2222

Monday-Thursday 11:30-2:30 & 4:30-9:30 Friday 11:30-10:30 Saturday 12:00-10:30 Sunday 11:30-9:30

130 Old Orchard Square, Ellijay, GA Next to the Ingles Supermarket


Call Us Today! 706.492.5070 FEBRUARY/MARCH 2019

289 Highland Crossing East Ellijay, GA 30540 In Front of Lowe’s

Downtown Jasper’s

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For Reservations Please Call


49 South Main Street | Jasper, GA 30143 APPALACHIAN COUNTRY LIVING

Cabin Coffee Co., Blairsville, GA Welcome to Cabin Coffee where their mission is to create a warm and inviting environment, while serving quality products. The folks at Cabin Coffee embrace their “Just Be Happy and Have Fun” tagline, and want you to feel like you’ve been welcomed into their home to relax with your favorite beverage and a tasty treat. Serving fresh roasted coffee and specialty drinks, you can enjoy your favorite morning cup on the couch by the fireplace or grab your latte for the road. They source premium Arabica coffee beans from various countries and roast them on site, ensuring maximum freshness and variety to meet your tastes. This local favorite also serves breakfast, lunch, and anytime snack items, in addition to hot and cold specialty drinks. One item unique to Cabin Coffee is their white coffee, which is prepared espresso style and included in several specialty drinks, such as the very popular Tumbleweed which pairs a white coffee latte with caramel, whipped cream and salted caramel on top. Cabin Coffee of Blairsville was opened in 2014 by Wayne and Judy Jolley, who had a vision for creating a place for community on picturesque Blairsville’s downtown square. Since that time, they have been joined by partners Greg and Stephanie Conner, and have grown the café to be a central meeting place for the community and visitors alike. Located on the Square in Historic Downtown Blairsville, Cabin Coffee is open Monday through Saturday from 7:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., as well as select evenings and Sundays during local downtown events. They can accommodate special dietary needs with alternative milk and gluten-free selections. If you have a large group, call ahead and see if the Meeting Room is available. And…. Just Be Happy and Have Fun at Cabin Coffee! ACLM Fresh Roasted Coffee Everyday in a Warm Inviting Environment. Beverages – Brewed Coffee, Latte, Mocha, Cappuccino, Frappes, Fruit Smoothies, Premium Teas Breakfast – Breakfast Sandwiches, Pastries, Bagels, and their famous Cinnamon Rolls Lunch – Sandwiches, Soup and Salads Visit Cabin Coffee Co. 44A Town Square Blairsville, GA 30512 706-745-0073 • Free Wi-Fi • Open Monday - Saturday 7:00 am to 4:30 pm WWW.ACLIVINGMAGAZINE.COM


The Largest Yarn Shop in north Georgia!

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Exquisite Specialty Yarns of all Fiber Types in Basics to Novelty PLUS

Books • Patterns • Needles Notions • Purse Handles

Knit & Crochet Classes for Beginners to Advanced


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Tues, Wed & Fri 10-5 • Thurs 10-7 • Sat 10-4 449 Industrial Blvd. Suite 165 Spring Plaza • Ellijay, GA 30540

Follow a typical American family over thirty years’ worth of holidays. As time passes, we often arrive at unexpected destinations.


March 7th - 24th Thursday - Saturday 7:30 PM Sundays at 2 PM

When Mel & Edna are fired, things can’t get much worse. Throw in a robbery, noisy neighbors, & a nervous Breakdown and it’s the best thing for him.

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April 27th ADVERTISING DEADLINE Saturday 12:00 - 3:00


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RANDALL BRAMLETT Southern Rock Royalty March 2nd 7:30 PM




Invasion of the Russian Wild Boar Landscape & Garden Editor Kevin Johnson Introduces Us to One of the Top 12 Invasive Species in the U.S.


Years ago when I was serving as Grounds Supervisor at Young Harris College, I encountered something that excited several members of my crew. We were driving along a road on the backside of campus which buts up to the woods– and there they were– a mother sow and three piglets. These weren’t pigs that had escaped from a nearby farm they were wild pigs. My crew members saw a golden opportunity for hunting right before their eyes. Feral pigs, or razorbacks in the U.S. were first established in the 1500s, when colonists brought over wild and domesticated pigs for food. Some wandered off and spawned small feral populations. The Eurasian wild boar, or Russian wild boar, Sus scrofa, was introduced to the United States in the 19th century for hunting. Today, wild invasive pigs consist of a combination of feral pigs, pure wild boars and hybrids of the two. They have several names: Russian or Eurasian wild boar, wild hog, feral pig, or feral boar– and they are a big problem. Wild boar exhibit a wide variety of coloration and markings with males weighing up to 440 lbs. and females up to 330 lbs. Females give birth to 5-6 piglets per liter and depending on access to food, can have 2 litters per year. Both males and females have tusks, with the male’s tusks growing long and sharp. While they prefer to avoid humans, in the right (or wrong? situation) they can be aggressive and dangerous. The Dept. of Agriculture estimates there are currently over 5 million wild boars in the U.S. and are established in 47 states– with massive populations in Texas, Florida, Georgia and North Carolina, and a growing one in Virginia. The recent population boom, state game officials and biologists say, is largely the fault of hunters who imported wild pigs to hunt year round, and now they have become one of the top 12 most invasive animals in the United States. Due to the growing population, an estimated 1.5 billion a year is spent to repair and prevent damage caused by this invasive species. They eat crops, acorns, roots, small herbaceous plants, eggs of ground nesting birds, bulbs, and etc. Ravaging ecosystems around ponds, creeks, and FEBRUARY/MARCH 2019

Top: Flemish painter Frans Snyders’ “Hounds Bringing Down a Boar” circa 1600. Above: The lower tusks on adult males– often called tushes in some vernaculars– vary in length from 5 inches to 18 inches. Right: Feral pig/boar damage is not limited to the forest. rivers, they pose a threat to several endangered species. Feral hogs transmit diseases and parasites to livestock, wild animals and humans. Pseudorabies Virus (PRV), Swine brucellosis (Brucella suis) and Bovine tuberculosis (TB) are a few diseases that are danger to other animals, while Leptospirosis, Brucellosis, E. coli, Rabies and Swine Influenza viruses (among others) can be contracted by humans. Over the course of several years, while working in the woods treating hemlocks for Woolly Adelgid, I’ve encountered these animals and the damage they have done. I can always tell when wild hogs have been there because they virtually strip the land of small trees and plant material, at the same time causing extensive damage while rooting for food. Wild boars APPALACHIAN COUNTRY LIVING

are incredibly smart and difficult to control once they are established. Your best option to eradicate them is by trapping or hunting which isn’t easy to do. If you are having problems with these beasts check out Good luck! ACLM Editor’s Note: AC Living Mag’s Maxine– a Jagdterrier, or German Hunting Terrier– was originally bred as a farm varmint hunter. But as you can see in the upper right corner of the painting above– they were also used to hunt wild boar. Kevin Johnson is the owner of Green Leaf Lawn and Ornamental, LLC, based in Blue Ridge. Kevin can be reached toll free at 866. 883. 2420 or by email at Or check out his web site at www.wetreatlawns. com or visit for more info. Spring is a great time to treat your hemlocks to prevent or cure a Woolly Adelgid infestation. Call Kevin at 866. 883. 2420 today! WWW.ACLIVINGMAGAZINE.COM


Blue Ridge Coin Shop and Collectibles THE LITTLE STORE THAT PAYS YOU MORE!

We Buy and Sell Coins and Collectibles Coins • Gold • Silver • Jewelry • Currency Free In-Store Appraisals

Full Bar | Patio Dining | Live Music

1901 Appalachian Hwy Blue Ridge, GA

NEW! THE CELLAR Wine •Bar •Tapas

In the Dogwood Plaza

Tues-Thurs 11:30-8:00 | Fri-Sat 11:30-9:00

706. 632. 3127

588 East Main Street | Blue Ridge, Georgia

Around Back at Rocky’s Place

706. 946. 5200

Treo_04_2017.indd 1

The Ultimate Folk Art Gallery in the South!

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7/16/18 12:40 PM

Best Selection by “Cornbread” in the Universe!

“Multi Colored Chicks” by Cornbread Saturday 11-5 • Sunday 1-5 Or by Appointment


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Monday – Saturday 12–8 & Sunday 12–5


706. 265. 6030

Facebook “f” Logo


Facebook “f” Logo

105OcoeeSreet, Copperhill,TN37313 10

CMYK / .ai



CMYK / .ai


Building Your Own Home Style & Design Editor Cindy Trimble on The Pros and Cons of Hiring a Licensed Contractor


How exciting to be building a new home! Do your homework, due your due-diligence, “get educated” on your building options, your liabilities and warranties provided in all these options.

Being Your Own Builder

In Georgia, homeowners can build their own homes without a license. However, there are stipulations. Many do this thinking they will save a lot of money – not necessarily so. This process can cost you dearly if you are not educated on building. In this scenario, homeowners assume all liability for the construction methods, the adherence to building, fire and life safety codes. The homeowner is required to get their own general liability and worker’s comp insurance. If you are a very educated homeowner, know building methods, are willing to accept the full liability and do not want any home warranty once the home is finished then being your own builder may be an option for you. If you are considering purchasing a new or partially constructed home, do your research on who built or is building the home. Were they a licensed contractor? Did they use licensed sub-contractors? Some individuals who are not licensed will build “spec homes” as their own home, then sell them when they are almost finished for a profit. This is essentially building without a license. According to the GA Secretary of State’s website, there are restrictions on this method: “Yes, property owners may construct a building or structure which is for their own use and not for use by the general public and not offered for sale or lease. If you sell or transfer the building or structure, you will not be allowed to build another for a period of two years, unless you obtain a license or hire someone who is licensed to oversee the construction.”

It is the homeowner’s responsibility to insure they are working with a licensed (or unlicensed) builder. Anyone can contact the Secretary of State’s office (SOS) and confirm a builder’s professional license. If your builder is unlicensed,



In this method, it is unlikely that this unlicensed builder will provide the year home warranty.

Unlicensed Builder

Hire a licensed a builder for their indepth knowledge and expertise in building a quality house, for their knowledge of codes and construction techniques, for their stable of quality licensed sub-contractors and for the home warranty that builders are required to provide. Approval from Cindy’s Corgi, Peanut, was required for this job.





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they will may have gone one of these routes: pay another builder to pull a permit for them (highly illegal), they may have someone on their staff who is licensed pull the permit and work on the job or they will ask the homeowner to pull the permit themselves. In most states, if a homeowner pulls a permit, they assume “ALL” liability for making sure the home meets all building, state, national, fire and life safety building codes. Additionally, you void the state requirement to provide a home warranty for 12 months. And typically, it is up to the homeowner to take out all required insurance policies – alleviating the builder of all responsibilities. Generally, this is why someone hires a builder: for their in-depth knowledge and expertise in building a quality house, for their knowledge of codes and construction techniques, for their stable of quality licensed sub-contractors and for the home warranty that builders are required to provide.

doing the work as a representative of another individual (or company.) The homeowner will have the depth of resources and liability coverage afforded through the licensed builder as if they were contracted with that builder individually. This is common however, there are restrictions. Again, per the GA. Secretary of State’s website: “A qualifying agent license is not a personal license and may not be used to operate as an individual and may not be used to operate for any other business organization.”

Licensed Builder

An alternate type of license in Georgia (and some other states) is called a “qualifying agent.” Builders who possess qualifying agent status are

For most situations, this is the best route. It is well worth the percent the builder will charge you above the cost of your home to take care of all the liability, carry all the required insurance, hire qualified and licensed sub-contractors and provide you with a 12 month home warranty following completion of your home. There are “FAQ’s” on the Georgia SOS’s website for homeowners with questions relating to building your home. If you feel you have issues with your builder regarding unlicensed practice or other



Qualifying Agent

Even if you’re considering a small addition or an outdoor living space, a licensed builder should be an asset. Being an educated customer is the best way to get the results you want. legal issues, you can report them through the SOS office by filing a formal complaint. Best advice for homeowners wanting to buy or build a new house is do your research, go online to the SOS’s office and research individual licenses and types of license. Talk to others in your community who have recently built and ask about builders you are considering. Also ask your builder to see certified copies of all certificates of insurance before your sign on! Be an educated consumer, don’t ask these questions when it is too late. Buyer always beware! ACLM Cindy Trimble, ASID is owner of StudioTrimble, Inc. based in Blue Ridge. She is NCIDQ certified and a Georgia Registered Interior Designer.



Cluck Your Heels Three Times and Say...


...Oh Boy I Love Fried Chicken! Part-Time Resident and Full-Time Artist Ande Cook Gives Us the Down Low on the Latest Organic Backyard Craze






t all started at Brown's Feed and Seed in downtown Blue Ridge. I’d been treating the store like a kind of farm zoo, welcoming spring to a sound track of hundreds of peeping, chirping chicks. Their tiny heads frantically bobbed in and out of trays of starter feed. They were busily pecking and scratching through the shavings in their pens, erratically running around, climbing over each other and eventually collapsing under a heat lamp in exhaustion. It was adorable, and definitely not something I was accustomed to seeing. I was, after all, a recovering city person, just a few years into my "country life." Sporting an astonishing assortment of shapes and colors, the baby chicks displayed little hints of mature patterns to come on their tiny wings. I was on the verge of becoming a loitering pest and realized I had to go ahead and get some chickens. I studied the breeder posters to see if I could match the baby chicks with the illustrations of the adults. When I figured out what I wanted, I bought my first three chickens. Bantams. "They are smaller,” I said, "easy to take7th back and Hole/Par 4 forth to Atlanta". FEBRUARY/MARCH 2019

Above Left: Easter found a cache of termites under the leaves. Above Right: Lily in her blueberry laying box. Our coop was made entirely of recycled and repurposed materials. Left: From the Williams-Sonoma Catalog, the Alexandria Chicken Coop & Run. Priced from $599.95 to $1449.95.

"I'll have fresh organic freerange eggs and I'll stick it to big corporate food," I said. "If I am what I eat, then I am whatever my chickens eat too, right?" This, I suspect, is how new chicken people, like myself, rationalize the leap into the feathered symbol of rural revival and urban homesteading. And who can blame us? Choosing to eat healthy chicken products is an exercise in avoiding hormones, antibiotics, GMO feed, and caged birds. Getting your own chickens is the ultimate in food sourcing! Or maybe it was the charming Williams-Sonoma Agrarian catalog– with page after glossy page of pastoral scenes featuring ready-to-go coops and stylish chicken accessories– that signaled to me that the chicken trend was evolving into bona-fide suburban revolution. As anyone who bought into Williams-Sonoma Agrarian catalog view of raising chickens will tell you, it's definitely not about saving money. When I consider




what I’ve spent on the country coop, the city condo coop, traveling carriers, organic feed, oyster shells, grit, pine shavings, feeders, waterers, meal worms and sunflower treats, I figure every egg averages around $17. Just like my home grown organic heirloom tomatoes. On the upside, I didn't anticipate that my chicks would grow up to have such distinctive personalities! There's Easter, the tiny golden jewel of a hen with a big personality and a poor laying record. Because she’s so cute and personable, I've let her come in the cabin a few times at night, mostly to entertain guests. I’ve now created a monster. This little bird has butted the bottom of the screen door relentlessly until she punched out a hole big enough for her to enter at will so she can do such charming things as jump up on the kitchen counter and peck into a stick of butter, or beg strings of vermicelli off the Mister, or roost on the bookcase where she can hold court over all cabin activities. She's good about staying in that one place, so I just slide a piece of newspaper under her and let her be. Vera the Barred-Rock has an agreeable nature and a beautiful brick of a body. Plus she’s quiet! Her little sounds are softly inquisitive and bright. Quiet is a trait I’ve grown 16


Above Left: Vera and Wren in a rhododendron hammock behind the art studio. Above Right: Better than the USDA– the flock examines a pole bean harvest. Left: Vera and Edith (R.I.P) check out my first batch of Easter egg radishes. Top Right: A gouache illustration of the Hound and Hens in their Atlanta yard. Far Right: Barred Rock folk art painting with bottle caps 14 x 18." Near Right: Bottle cap chick #4.

to treasure in chickens after losing my little Wren to a hawk last summer. Wren was a noisy, tireless complainer who broadcast like a beacon to hungry raptors, endangering all the hens. And since they free-range almost all day, a noisy bird is a hazard. Vera is on top of the pecking order, and is the best lookout sentry the flock could have. I count on her watchful eye to spot danger and sound the warning trill to alert the flock. Free ranging is dangerous, but I think it's a fair trade-off against being penned up all day for safety. The hens are much happier and healthier when they are free to roam and I’ve made peace with the possibility of loss. In 7 years I’ve only lost two to hawks. Peggy Jean possesses an air of self-determination and a crazy pair of earmuffs. Her head down forward running rush reminds me of a college football scrimmage line. Birds lower







Artist in Residence

Betty Kossick

Writer of many genres, author, journalist and poet with an affinity for Appalachia, who resides in Florida, Betty is starting her 48th year as a word-weaver. She’s written for Appalachian Country Living Magazine since 2010, when she lived in north Georgia. Pictured here with

 At Ellijay Coffeehouse, we always encourage you to EAT, DRINK and GATHER! We are a specialty coffeehouse serving paninis and select pastries all day long 7AM - 7PM , 7 days a week. Unwind with two outdoor pet-friendly courtyards + a coffee lounge with fireplace, books & games + FREE WIFI.

husband Johnny at Christmastime.

Appalachian Voice The sound stays in my memory Like a beloved voice, I call it back with clarity A sound to hear by choice; A voice out there upon mounts high Like song of sweet refrain -And with the sound, I heave a sigh To return there again: To see spring’s dogwood in bloom and Anemone’s flower, And summer roses on the land, Then walk the valley floor. Next to spy-out autumn’s bright show, And the fall festival. Before winter snow starts to blow; Such scenes untestable.

131 North Main Street • Historic Downtown Ellijay • Georgia 706-635-5565 •

Those calling mounts will ever tempt For a part of me clings, With deep yearning, and heartbeats meant, To return to such things; Thus, voice call on, I hear your song, From mounts that ever stand, High, lofty and so stately strong, Mounts: Appalachian. – by Betty Kossick





on the pecking order better move aside! Peggy Jean can spot a jar of peanut butter from a distance better than any chick in the flock and cover the ground to get to it the fastest. Plus her eggs are the most beautiful pale green. Last year I added Lily and Annette. Lily, a classic Welsummer, and on the large size for a Bantam, lays lovely speckled brown eggs. Her big and efficient earth moving feet can yield a haul of earthworms and tender pupae throughout the day, keeping her entertained while honing her foraging skills. She might be my favorite because she’s incredibly beautiful. She’s so big she has her own travel carrier, while the other three ride together in another. Annette is a shiny iridescent black with a stylishly appointed Polish Crest. Her crest flopped off to the left side of her head, covering one eye, resembling a hip hairstyle. When Annette began launching sneak attacks on the back of our legs and crowing loudly she became known as "Muchacho" and "Death from Below." I’d wanted to keep the rambunctious cockerel, but when Muchacho's crows alerted our Atlanta neighbors to our stealth coop in the back yard, we worried about complaints. Therefore, Muchacho went to live with Michelle in Mineral Bluff. And is much happier in her– er his– new home, a large run filled with soft clover and an entire harem of Silkies. It's all worked out. Four is the perfect number of hens for this family. Now we’re planning to build a brand new coop out by the garden where they’ll get more sun and have a job in assisting with gardening and pest control chores. We've learned that having them hang around the house has some clear drawbacks. Mostly tearing up potted plants and leaving fertilizer in inappropriate places where it’s not needed. The hens have earned a new chicken palace. After all, they’ve starred in lots of my home movies from comedies to Italian operas and even horror films, in which they've excelled. If you imagine a chicken that is dinosaur sized (and indeed the dino’s are their ancestors) you can see how those crazy features could work to a frightening effect. I’ve conscripted each of them, without consent, and they've been exploited time and again for art, with a mostly good nature. FEBRUARY/MARCH 2019

“Pear” 24 x 24 acrylic on wood Eggs from Peggy Jean, Vera and Easter. Lily was not yet laying at the time of this photograph.

Our hens are my muses as well– being featured in dozens of paintings, hundreds of illustrations, countless blog posts, photo essays and Facebook updates. They are valued members of the family that connect us back to the good earth in a most elemental way. I believe this is where the true appeal lives, understanding that caring for the land and her creatures is the same as caring for our own lives and for the future. Sustainable thoughtful living is on the rise precisely because life giving resources are fragile, and we sense them slipping away. Now and then on 515 I'll pass a tractor-trailer of fat white chickens stacked in metal cages. Soon they’ll be plucked, packaged and stuck under a fluorescent light at the grocery store. I often wonder if these chickens had had the kind of life my chickens have, would they also be unique individuals? Would they have liked dusting under the studio? Perhaps sunning at the edge of the hemlocks, with their wings stretched out like solar panels? Would any of them surf the dashboard of my old truck, as Easter did? Would these be brave enough to fly across the creek like Peggy Jean did the afternoon a hawk dipped and missed? Of course they would. But the world needs food and the trailer moves on. I look over at the carriers containing my own small flock en-route to the city and take comfort in knowing that everyday more people are discovering the joy of raising chickens. ACLM Thinking about getting chickens? Here are some useful links: Ande Cook is an artist and aspiring farmer splitting her time between Atlanta and Blue Ridge, GA. View her art, and chicken movies, at www.andecookstudio. com or visit to purchase her artworks.




I’m Looking Over a Four-Leaf Clover... Test Your Luck of the Irish with These Party Favorites






Chocolate Stout Cake This incredibly moist and rich cake gets its dark color and interesting finish from the stout. Cake Ingredients 2 cups stout or dark beer, such as Guinness 2 cups (4 sticks) unsalted butter 1 1/2 cups Double-Dutch Dark Cocoa or Dutch-process cocoa 4 cups Unbleached All-Purpose Flour 4 cups sugar 1 tablespoon baking powder 1 1/2 teaspoons salt 4 large eggs 3/4 cup sour cream Frosting Ingredients 1 pound bittersweet or semisweet chocolate, chopped 2 cups heavy cream 1 teaspoon vanilla extract Cake Preparation 1. Preheat the oven to 350°F. Grease and flour three 8” or two 9” cake pans, and line them with parchment paper circles. Be sure your 9” pans are at least 2” deep. 3. Place the stout and butter in a large, heavy saucepan, and heat until the butter melts. 4. Remove the pan from the heat, and add the cocoa powder. Whisk until the mixture is smooth. Set aside to cool to room temperature. 5. Whisk together the flour, sugar, baking powder, and salt in a large bowl; set aside. 6. In a large mixing bowl, beat together the eggs and sour cream. 7. Add the stout-cocoa mixture, mixing to combine. 8. Add the flour mixture and mix together at slow speed. Scrape the sides and bottom of the bowl, and mix again for 1 minute. 9. Divide the batter equally among the prepared pans. FEBRUARY/MARCH 2019


10. Bake the layers for 35 minutes for 8” pans, or 45 to 50 minutes for 9” pans, until a cake tester inserted into the center comes out clean. 11. Remove the cakes from the oven and cool on a rack for 10 minutes before turning the cakes out of their pans and returning to the rack to finish cooling completely before frosting. Frosting Preparation 1. Place the chopped chocolate in a large heatproof bowl. 2. Bring the cream to a simmer in a heavy, medium-sized saucepan. 3. Pour the hot cream over the chocolate and stir until the mixture is completely smooth. 4. Stir in the vanilla. 4. Refrigerate until the icing is spreadable, stirring occasionally, about 2 hours. To Assemble 1. Trim one cake layer to have a flat top, if necessary (otherwise the layer will crack when you place it upside down on your cake plate). 2. Line the edges of a serving plate with parchment or waxed paper to keep it clean, and then place the layer upside down on top. 3. Spread 2/3 cup of the icing over just the top of the layer. 4. Top with another cake layer, top side down, and repeat the process. If you baked three layers, add that one also. 5. Use the remaining frosting to cover the top and sides of the cake. Remove the parchment or waxed paper. Sprinkle with shamrock sugar decorations, if you have them. Note: For a somewhat less imposing (smaller) cake, downsize the ingredients as follows: 1 1/2 cups each beer and butter; 1 cup cocoa; 3 cups each flour and sugar; 2 1/4 teaspoons baking powder; 1 teaspoon salt; 3 large eggs; 2/3 cup sour cream. Bake in two 9” round pans, at WWW.ACLIVINGMAGAZINE.COM


350°F, for 35 minutes. Frost with Super-Simple Chocolate Frosting, with the optional espresso powder added. This downsized version also makes 30 standard-size cupcakes; bake them for 18 to 22 minutes, then remove from the oven, cool, and frost. Recipe courtesy of King Arthur Flour

Colcannon With Leeks Bacon and Kale Ingredients 2-1/2 pounds potatoes 3 to 4 slices thick-cut bacon, cut into 1/2-inch pieces 2 leeks, halved lengthwise and cut into 1/2-inch pieces Small bunch of kale, chopped 4 tablespoons butter 1/2 cup half-and-half 1 teaspoon salt 1/2 teaspoon white pepper Preparation 1. Peel the potatoes and cut them into cubes. Cover with cold water and add a pinch of salt. Bring to a boil and cook until tender when pierced with the tip of a knife, 10 to 12 minutes. 2. While the potatoes cook, fry the bacon in a large skillet over medium heat until it is lightly brown and crisp. Drain on paper towels and 22

discard all but 1 tablespoon of the fat. 3. Add the butter and sliced leeks and continue cooking until the leeks are soft and tender, 3 minutes. Add kale and cook for a minute. Stir in the half-and-half and cook 1 minute more. 4. Drain the potatoes and mash with a potatomasher. Add the leek & kale mixture, reserved bacon, salt and white pepper and combine well. Taste and adjust the seasoning if necessary and, if the potatoes don’t seem creamy enough, add a bit more half-and-half. 5. Transfer to a serving dish. Serves 8 Recipe courtesy of

Slow Cooker Corned Beef and Cabbage Tender, fall-apart chunks of beef thanks to braising in beer and vegetables for an unbelievably easy one-pot dinner. Ingredients 3 carrots, peeled and cut into 3-inch pieces 1 yellow onion, peeled and quartered ½ pound small potatoes, halved 1 corned beef brisket (about 3 pounds), plus pickling spice packet or 1 tablespoon pickling spice 2 8-ounce beers, I prefer ale or lagers 6 sprigs fresh thyme ½ head Savoy cabbage, cut into 1½-inch wedges



½ cup sour cream 3-4 tablespoons prepared horseradish to taste Preparation 1. In a 5-to-6-quart slow cooker, place the carrots, onion and potatoes. Place corned beef, fat side up, on top of the vegetables and sprinkle with pickling spice. Pour the beers over the vegetables and brisket. Sprinkle with sprigs of fresh thyme. Cover and cook on high until corned beef is tender, 5-6 hours or 10-12 hours on low. 2. Arrange cabbage over corned beef, cover, and continue cooking until cabbage is tender, 45 min to 1 hour (or 1½ to 2 hours on low). 3. Meanwhile, mix the sour cream and horseradish together. Thinly slice the corned beef against the grain and serve with the vegetables and cooking liquid with the horseradish sauce. Serves: serves 6 Recipe Courtesy of

Spotted Dog Soda Bread Ingredients 3 2⁄3 cup all-purpose flour, plus extra for dusting 1 tsp baking soda (bicarbonate of soda) 1 tsp salt 1 Tbsp superfine (caster) or granulated sugar 2⁄3 cup golden raisins (sultanas), raisins, or dried currants (or a mixture) 1 egg 1 2⁄3 cup buttermilk or soured milk FEBRUARY/MARCH 2019

Preparation 1. Preheat the oven to 425°F. Lightly dust a baking sheet with flour. 2. Sift the flour, baking soda, and salt into a large bowl. Stir in the sugar and dried fruit. 3. In a separate bowl, beat together the egg and buttermilk. Make a well in the center of the dry ingredients and pour most of the buttermilk mixture (leaving about ¼ cup in the bowl). 4. Using one hand with your fingers outstretched like a claw, bring the flour and liquid together moving your hand in circles around the bowl, adding a little more of the buttermilk mixture, if necessary. Don’t knead the mixture, or it will become too heavy. The dough should be soft, but not too wet and sticky. 5. Once it comes together, turn onto a floured work surface and bring together a little more. Pat the dough into a round, about 2½ inches (6cm) in height, and cut a deep cross in it, from one side of the loaf to the other. Transfer to the prepared baking sheet. 6. Bake for 10 minutes, then decrease the oven temperature to 400°F (200°C/Gas mark 6), and bake for another 30 to 35 minutes, until the bread is golden and sounds hollow when tapped on the bottom. I often turn the loaf upside down for the last 5 minutes of baking to help crisp the bottom. Allow to cool on a wire rack before cutting into thick slices to serve. Recipe courtesy of Rachel Allen for

Good Morning Guinness Bloody Mary



Prepare your favorite Bloody Mary combining everything except the Guinness and garnishes in a shaker filled with ice. Shake, shake, shake. Garnish with your preferred items, then pour 1-2 oz. Guinness on top, and enjoy. Every good Bloody Mary has a side car! Add a glass of Harp on the side and you’re good to go!

Mid-Day Guinness Margarita 1 can limeade concentrate 1 can of tequila 2 cans Guinness limes cut into wedges ice In a big pitcher filled with ice, add one can of frozen limeade concentrate. Take the same can and fill it with tequila and add it to the pitcher. Add two full Guinness (or gluten free beer). Add a bunch of fresh lime wedges and serve chilled over ice. Serves 6

The Always Elegant Guinness Black Velvet 1 part Guinness, chilled (I used 1 1/2 oz.) 1 part Prosecco or sparkling wine, chilled (I used 1 1/2 oz.) Fill a champagne flute halfway with Guinness. Hold a small spoon (with the back, convex side facing up) over the flute. Slowly pour the Prosecco over the spoon and into the flute until filled. Using the spoon will keep the Guinness and the Prosecco from mixing.

Hot Fudge, Guinness & Irish Cream Float Place 1 or 2 scoops of your favorite vanilla or chocolate ice cream in a large glass. Slowly pour Guinness over ice cream and watch it foam like crazy. Add more stout as needed. Top with a spoonful of hot fudge and a shot of (Bailey’s) Irish Cream. Yum!




The Second Annual

Georgia Mountain Needle Arts Festival April 26–28, 2019 Gilmer County Civic Center, Ellijay, GA

Vendors, Classes Demonstrations Daily Door Prizes!! 24




Following the huge success of last year’s first Needle Arts Festival, sponsors are proud to announce an even bigger and better Festival for 2019. Vendors, classes, demonstrations and door prizes are just some of what you’ll find at this fabulous event in the north Georgia mountains.


Berroco, Noro, Silver Threads & Golden Needles, Strings & Stitches Yarn Shoppe and the North Georgia Knitting Guild are proud to sponsor the Second Annual Georgia Mountain Needle Arts Festival. This event will take place in Ellijay at the Gilmer County Civic Center, April 26th – 28th. An absolute treat for knit, crochet, weaving, rug hooking enthusiasts and other crafters, attendees of this event will gain access to a variety of vendors and educational resources. Needle artists will enjoy shopping for yarn, beaded projects, hand dyed materials, vintage buttons, felted rug supplies, wood products and so much more. Through partnership with the North Georgia Knitting Guild, guests will also have the opportunity to advance their skills through a variety of educational courses. A list of classes is available on the website at and guests are urged to sign up now to take advantage of the opportunity to grow their skills. This year’s special teaching guest will be Cornelia Tuttle Hamilton, designer and teacher extraordinaire. Cornelia has designed for vendors like Noro, Universal, and has owned a yarn shop in Europe. She will be teaching some of her special knitting techniques in classes on Saturday and Sunday. Participants of the Festival will absolutely love sharing their craft with others and experiencing

the connection between specialty stores and the needle artists they serve. With North Georgia’s ample space, the festival is predicted to quickly expand beyond its roots. Vendors will be traveling from all over Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina for the event, which is estimated to welcome as many as two thousand guests. The backdrop of north Georgia makes this festival the ideal weekend getaway for crafting and knitting groups, as there are numerous hotel and cabin rental opportunities. Along with the festival, visitors will have the chance to experience all that the Ellijay community has to offer, including hiking, fishing, camping and mountain biking! You and your traveling companions are sure to enjoy Ellijay’s lovely wine vineyards and countless other attractions while breathing in the Spring aroma of the north Georgia mountains. This festival is sure to be a great way for craft and fiber art enthusiasts to learn new skills, access a variety of materials, be inspired by north Georgia’s beauty and make new friends along the way! Bring your craft groups, knitting buddies and entire family to make this an unforgettable weekend retreat. So let all your crafty friends know about this event and start now to plan your “girls weekend” or family trip to Ellijay, GA the 4th weekend of April 2019. See y’all there! ACLM



For more information: The Second Annual Georgia Mountain Needle Arts Festival The Gilmer County Civic Center 1561 South Main St. Ellijay, GA 30540 Hours: Friday & Saturday: 10am- 5pm Sunday: 10am to 4pm. There is a cash only admission fee of $5. Vendors will accept payments of checks, cash and credit. Parking is free. For more information regarding the Georgia Mountain Needle Arts Festival, including lists of sponsors, vendors, educational courses and local hotel and cabin rental options, please visit www. or find them on Facebook at To learn more about Ellijay’s wonderful tourist attractions, visit the Gilmer County Chamber of Commerce website at For vendor opportunities available contact Karen and Janice Moss at 706-698-5648 or



INSIDE Welcome to our Calendar! While every attempt has been made to provide accurate event listings, we urge you to confirm the information provided before making travel plans. With that said, come and see all that north Georgia and the southern Appalachians has to offer!

ARTS 12/14 thru 1/20 Fiber Arts Exhibition Quilts Ellijay, GA. “Warm and Cozy” Works by members of Apple Country Quilters and more! Reecption: 5pm. Free. Gallery Hours: Open M-F 10a - 5p, Sat 12-5p. Gilmer Arts Gallery 207 Dalton St. Downtown Ellijay, GA. For info: 706-635-5605 or 1/12 – 3/30 Artist in Residence: Tom Chambers Blue Ridge, GA. Artist Tom Chambers uniquely combines wood and bright colors to create the illusion of naturally flowing branches in one-of-kind patterns. Each distinctive sculpture unifies an ‘out of the box’ view of nature. Gallery Hours 10am – 6pm. Closed Mondays. Blue Ridge Mountains Arts Association, 420 West Main Street, Blue Ridge, GA 30513. Info: Email: blueridgearts@gmail. com Phone: 706-632-2144 Website: 1/12 – 2/23 Big Canoe Photography Club Exhibit Blue Ridge, GA. Enjoy stunning photography by the talented and diverse Big Canoe Photography Club as they display a variety of subjects from nature to digital photography. Over 20 photographers will be represented in this unforgettable exhibit. 26

Gallery Hours 10am – 6pm. Closed Mondays. Blue Ridge Mountains Arts Association, 420 West Main Street, Blue Ridge, GA 30513. Info: Email: blueridgearts@gmail. com Phone: 706-632-2144 Website: 2/9 & 3/9 Art Pickens ‘’Artist Gathering’’ Jasper, GA. Art Pickens “Artist Gathering” is an opportunity for local artists to gather and network with fellow artists as well as meet and talk with residents and other art lovers from around North Georgia. Demonstrations are encouraged! 11am – 4pm. Weather permitting. Peace Park, 141 North Main Street, Jasper, GA. 2/15- 2/16 Live Artist Demonstrations Ellijay, GA. A program that allows local artists to showcase their work in a studio environment by recreating their studio at Gilmer Arts. Artists will demonstrate their talent while working on an original art. Noon – 5pm. Free! Gilmer Arts, 207 Dalton Street, Ellijay, GA. Info: 706635-5605 or 2/23 – 3/28 Annual Juried Art Exhibition & Opening Reception Ellijay, GA. Featuring works of art by more than 20 regional artists. Join other supporters of the arts at the opening reception on 2/23, 5-7pm to experience the work of these talented artists. On display through 3/28/19. Open M-F 10a - 5p, Sat 12-5p. Free. Gilmer Arts, 207 Dalton Street, Ellijay, GA. Info: 706-635-5605 or www.





2/28 – 3/28 Youth Art Exhibit at BRMAA Blue Ridge, GA. Youth Art Month. Young artists from Fannin County area schools will display their artwork inside the Richard Low Evans Gallery highlighting this year’s theme “Your Art, Your Story”. Opening Reception: February 28, 4–6 p.m. Gallery Hours 10am – 6pm. Closed Mondays. Blue Ridge Mountains Arts Association, 420 West Main Street, Blue Ridge, GA 30513. Info: 706632-2144 or https://www. 3/8 thru 4/10 Annual Gilmer County Student Art Exhibition See the work of these talented elementary, middle and high school students as we celebrate “Student Art Month” at Gilmer Arts. Opening reception 3/1, 4-6pm. The artwork is on display until 4/10. Free! Gilmer Arts, 207 Dalton Street, Ellijay, GA. Info: 706635-5605 or 3/23 5th Annual Meet the Authors Ellijay, GA. Keynote Speaker – Patti Callahan Henry (Becoming Mrs. Lewis–the historical fiction story of the American poet Joy Davidman’s friendship and ultimate love affair with C.S. Lewis– and many other women’s books). Other authors will include Mark Warren, Kathi Harper Hill, Rona Simmons & Kathy Williams. 10:00am – 3:00pm. Free! Gilmer Arts, 207 Dalton Street, Ellijay, GA. Info: 706-635-5605 or www. 4/5 - 4/6 22nd Annual Blue Ridge Writers Conference Blue Ridge, GA. The mission of the Blue Ridge Writers’ Conference is to educate, inform, and inspire writers.

Featuring crime novelist, Thomas Mullen as Keynote Speaker, the conference offers workshops, speakers, networking and book sales. Opening reception open to the public Friday 4/5 from 5pm – 7pm. Blue Ridge Mountains Arts Association, 420 West Main Street, Blue Ridge, GA 30513. Registration & Info: 706632-2144 or https://www.

EVENTS Saturdays Jasper Framer’s Market Jasper, GA. Fresh & locally grown produce, handcrafted goods. 7:30am – Noon. Lee Newton Park, Jasper, Ga 30143 1/19 - 3/30 Expedition Bigfoot Winter Lecture Series Blue Ridge, GA. We have put together an amazing lineup of guest speakers covering many topics from Bigfoot to UFO’s. You won’t want to miss these. So get out of the cold and join us on select Saturday nights from 6pm - 8pm. Cost for each Lecture is only $10 and all monies go to the speaker to cover their expenses. Seating is limited to 65 attendees so act fast once tickets go on sale. Ticket may be purchased by calling 941-232-6029. Expedition: Big Foot, 1934 Hwy 515 S. Blue Ridge, Georgia 30513. Contact:, 941-232-6029 http://expeditionbigfoot. 2/4 -3/15 The Pickens County Master Gardener 2019 4-H Plant Sale Jasper, GA. Features handpicked selection of unique, hard to find native and pollinating plants chosen for the unique climate of the Georgia mountains. You can reserve for purchase


by mailing the order form to the Extension office at 502 Stegall Drive, Jasper, GA 30143, or by bringing it to our office no later than Friday, March 15, 2019. The 2019 plant sale Pick Up is set for 13 and 15 Apr at the Pickens High School Barn. For info and an order form contact: 706-253-8840 or 2/9 Compete Your Sweets Ellijay, GA. Show Off Your Most Loved Sweet Treat! Register to submit your homemade cookie or dessert recipe by Wed, Feb 6th, and bring in your completed treat on Sat, Feb 9th. Winners will receive a prize and all participants will receive a bound book of all recipes. Individuals and groups of all ages are invited to participate. 2:00 – 3:30pm. Gilmer County Library, 268 Calvin Jackson Drive, Ellijay, GA 30540. Registration is required: 706-635-4528. 2/16 Fire & Ice Chili Cook Off Blue Ridge, GA. Rain or shine! Live music, ice sculptures and amazing chili! Buy a $10 Tasting Card to sample the competition and vote for the People™s Choice Award. An amazing display of individual and unique ice sculptures from the award winning, National Ice Carving Champion Rock on Ice including several ice carving demonstrations. 11am – 5pm. Downtown Blue Ridge. Info: 706-946-2030 or 706-258-2432 or visit http:// 2/16 7th Annual GHS Jazz Cats Dinner & Valentine’s Dance Ellijay, GA. Presented by the Gilmer High School Band. Dinner, Dancing and Silent Auction After 5 attire reFEBRUARY/MARCH 2019

AC LIVING CALENDAR quested. Doors at 6, Dinner at 6:30. Tickets: $15 single, $25 couple. Gilmer High School Cafeteria. Corporate tables can be reserved by contacting Joe Pflueger: 706.276.5099 or jpflueger@;; 2/4, 2/11, 2/18, 2/25 Free In- Person Tax Preparation Ellijay, GA. AARP IRScertified Tax-Aide Volunteers are available for free tax preparation to taxpayers of all ages. Interested taxpayers should bring all essential documents. For a complete list of documents taxpayers may need, please visit: or call Gilmer Library for assistance: 706-635-4528. Appointments are encouraged. 9:30am – 1:30pm. Gilmer County Library, 268 Calvin Jackson Drive, Ellijay, GA 30540. 2/15 & 2/22 Phantom of the Universe the Hunt for Dark Matter Young Harris, GA. From the journey of protons racing through the world’s largest particle collider to closeup views of the Big Bang, this new full-dome show is designed to immerse audiences in the search for dark matter. The first hints of its existence are revealed through the eyes of the scientist who coined the term “dark matter”. Then we plummet deep underground to see the most sensitive dark matter detector on Earth, housed in a former gold mine. From there, we journey across space and time, speeding alongside particles as they collide in spectacular explosions of light, learning how scientists around the world are collaborating to track down the true nature of dark matter. 8:00-9:00pm. $5.00 adults, $3.00 students. Rollins Planetarium is located on the Young Harris College Campus. Info: 706-3795195 or planetarium 2/21 An Evening with the Stars Blairsville, GA. Join us for an evening of celebration FEBRUARY/MARCH 2019

and recognition of Union County’s Shining STARS and the Business of the Year! The Student Teacher Achievement Recognition (STAR) program honors Georgia’s highest achieving high school seniors and the teachers who have been most instrumental in their academic development. The Business of the Year is awarded to a chamber member who is actively involved in chamber and community functions throughout the year. 5:15pm – 7:30pm. Reservations only. Union County Community Center, 129 Union County Recreation Road. Info: 706-745-5789. 2/22 Free Workshop: Water Resource Management & Irrigation Blairsville, GA. This workshop will help producers understand the technical aspects of selecting and operating an irrigation system. Topics covered include the irrigation system components, irrigation plan, water source, sprinkler components, application rates and maintenance and operation. 10am – 3pm. Free, registration required, call 706-7452655. The Georgia Mountain Research & Education Center, 3 miles south of the Blairsville Square, on the east side of Hwy 19/129. Info: http://www.gmrec.uga. edu/ 2/22 & 2/23 Skies Over Georgia Young Harris, GA. Featuring a live presenter and using the planetarium’s digital and optical star projectors to their fullest, this traditional star show allows audiences to explore the heavens as they appear above the mountains of north Georgia. Learn how to identify the planets and stars currently visible in the night sky, take a guided tour of the constellations and hear some of their fascinating stories. Appropriate for general audiences. 8:00pm. $5.00 adults, $3.00 students. Rollins Planetarium is located on the Young Harris College Campus. Info: 706379-5195 or http://www.

2/23 Bringin’ the Blues to Blue Ridge Blue Ridge, GA. Annual Event Bringin’ the Blues to Blue Ridge with a Mardi Gras theme. A music event benefiting Snack in a Backpack. Great Food, Fun, Auction, Door Prizes. Hosted by Mercier Orchards on February 23, 2019. Tickets for sale at three locations in town: United Community Bank in Blue Ridge, South State Bank, Fannin County Chamber of Commerce. 5:00 PM to 9:00 PM. Mercier Orchards, 8660 Blue Ridge Drive, Blue Ridge, Georgia 30513. Contact: Snack in a Backpack: Email:, Phone: 706-633-8616 or 706-8518190. 2/28 K-9 Search, Rescue, & Recovery Ellijay, GA. Discover the training, conditioning, deployment and operations required for handlers and dogs in search, rescue, and recovery missions. Then experience their first hand case stories, photos, and videos involving missing persons, murders, drownings, and criminal evidence recovery. Presented by Search and Rescue K-9 trainers Lois & Bill Hall. Refreshments will be served. Free! 6pm – 7pm. Gilmer County Library, 268 Calvin Jackson Drive, Ellijay, GA 30540. Registration is required: 706-635-4528. 3/9 Georgia Trail of Tears Association Meeting Rome, GA. The Georgia Trail of Tears Association will have its first meeting of 2019 at the Chieftan’s Museum in Rome on the 9th of March. Speaking will be former association president Jeff Bishop on the causes of the Creek Civil War, also known as “The Red Stick War.” The meeting will start at 10:30am and, as always, it is free and open to the public. Hope to see you there. Chieftan’s Museum, 501 Riverside Pkwy NE, Rome, GA 30161. Info: Walter Knapp walt@


3/9 Cork and Canvas Blue Ridge, GA. Support the arts as you enjoy wine samplings from various area vintners. Includes a wine grab, silent auction, count the corks raffle, savory food and live entertainment. Tickets: $35, $30 for BRMAA members, and includes free samples of local area vintners, a commemorative BRMAA wine glass, and gourmet food selections and a complimentary glass of wine. All proceeds benefit our youth arts programming ,Youth Art Summer Camp and youth arts scholarships. 7:00 PM to 9:00 PM. Blue Ridge Mountains Arts Association, 420 West Main Street, Blue Ridge, GA 30513. Tickets & Info: Email: blueridgearts@gmail. com Phone: 706-632-2144 Website: html 3/16 St. Patrick’s Day Parade Downtown Blue Ridge, GA. You can walk in the parade, bring a float etc. all are welcome. Line up in front of the St. Marks Catholic Church on East Main Street at 10:30. No need to register, just show up and join in the fun. Wild hats & accessories, crazy outfits, even costumes.. The more green the better! 11:00 AM to 2:00 PM. 3/23 The Price is Right Hiawassee,GA. This hit interactive stage show that gives eligible individuals the chance to hear their names called and “Come On Down” to win. Prizes may include appliances, vacations and possibly a new car! Play classic games just like on television. You’ll love this exciting, live (nontelevised), on-stage version of the show! 7pm. Level 1: $45.00 + Handling & Credit Card Fees. Level 2: $35.00 + Handling & Credit Card Fees. Tickets & Info: Georgia Mountain Fairgrounds, 1311 Music Hall Road, P.O. Box 444, Hiawassee, GA 30546. 706-896-4191 or http://

3/29 Free Seminar: Firewise Communities Blairsville, GA. The risk of wildfires in our area was never more apparent as in 2016 when fires destroyed many homes. Learn how to protect yourself and your community with the Firewise program, a framework that helps communities get organized to reduce their risk. 10am – Noon. The auditorium of the Georgia Mountain Research & Education Center, 3 miles south of the Blairsville Square, on the east side of Hwy 19/129. Info: 706-745-2655 or 4/6 - 4/7 1st Annual Blue Ridge Parade of Homes. Blue Ridge, GA. Join some of the most highly skilled craftsman in Fannin County as they showcase their most unique and upscale home designs. Take a self-guided tour through 20 different homes ranging from 1600 to 9,000 square feet. 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. $15. Tickets & Info: (423) 241-1512 or www. blueridgeparadeofhomes. com

KIDS OF ALL AGES Ongoing Mountain Regional Library System Events Visit your local library for weekly events such as Story Time, Board Games, Crafting Club, Book Club & more! Visit mountainregionallibrary. org Ongoing Sequoyah Regional Library System Events Visit your local library for weekly events for kids of all ages such as Story Time, Kendama Club, Teen Japanese Culture, Youth Crochet Club, Dungeons & Dragons, Lego Club, Coloring Group, Book Club and more! Visit Wednesdays Family Story Time Ellijay, GA. Family story times are designed for families with children of all ages.



Story time is followed by a craft activity. Children must be accompanied by a participating adult. Mornings: 10:30am – 11:30am. Afternoons: 4:00pm – 4:45pm. Free! Gilmer County Library, 268 Calvin Jackson Drive, Ellijay, GA 30540. Registration is required: 706-635-4528. http://www.

gentle downhill to the overlook and back, plus up to the tower if we’re feeling like that. We’ll be hoping for the spectacular ice formations. Alternate date if bad weather, February 19 Contact Sue Harmon of GFW at suepharmon @ or (770) 540-3672 or Ken Cissna of BMTA at kcissna @ or (706) 636-1741.


2/23 Snow Day Indoors Elijay, GA. Escape the cold and enjoy a cozy snow day inside! There will be snowy crafts and activities and hot chocolate! Children 9 and under with adult supervision, please. Free! 2pm – 3pm. Gilmer County Library, 268 Calvin Jackson Drive, Ellijay, GA 30540. Registration is required: 706-635-4528.

2/15 Hike BMT in the Cohuttas Watson Gap to Dyer Gap. About 5 miles easy to moderate hiking. Starting at Watson Gap and ending at Dyer Gap. Requires shuttle on dirt road 4 miles. Contact Tom Sewell: SewellTom @ or text to (706)669-6406

Fridays & Saturdays Andrews Brewing Company Great music, craft beer and a good time. 6pm – 8pm. Andrews Brewing Company, 14 Miles for Harrah’s Casino, 565 Aquone Road, Andrews, NC 28901. For info: 828-321-2006 or

2/16 Hike BMT Section 4 Skeenah Gap to Wilscot Gap. 4.6 miles, moderate difficulty. Contact hike leader Ginny Smith at gmsmith123 @

Sundays WYYZ’s Live Music at Rocco’s Rocco’s Pub, 47 Mountainside Village Parkway, Jasper, GA. Contact 706.253.1900 or visit http://

Weekends Cartecay Vineyards Cartecay Vineyards, 5704 Clear Creek Road, Ellijay, GA 30535. Call 706. 698. 9463 (WINE) or visit

Thursdays - Saturdays Live Music at Blue Ridge Brewery Blue Ridge Brewery, 187 Depot Street, Blue Ridge, GA . 706. 632. 6611 or www.

Weekends Chateau Meichtry Vineyards Chateau Meichtry, 1862 Orchard Lane, Talking Rock, GA 30175. Info: (706) 5021608 or www.

2/22 Earth, Moon and Sun Young Harris, GA. Appropriate for children and families. Explore the relationship between the Earth, Moon and Sun with the help of Coyote, an amusing character adapted from Native American traditions. Learn why the Sun rises and sets and the basics of solar energy. Examine the Moon’s orbit, craters, phases and eclipses. 7:00-8:00pm. $5.00 adults, $3.00 students. Rollins Planetarium, Young Harris College. Info: 706-379-5195 or http:// 2/25 Mario Kart Tournament Ellijay, GA. Get your game on and test your skills against other players in our Mario Kart competition! Grades 6-12. Free! 6:00pm – 7:30pm. Gilmer County Library, 268 Calvin Jackson Drive, Ellijay, GA 30540. Registration is required: 706-635-4528. http://www.

3/15 Hike BMT along Sisson Creek Five Bridges to Indian Rock. 4 miles; easy; approx two hours on the trail. This leisurely, up-and-back, morning hike will follow the BMT along Sisson Creek upstream as far as Indian Rock, crossing the stream five times each way. Besides the bridges, we will enjoy views of three mountain lakes and several cascades. Contact Tom and Jane Keene at tkbmta @ or 770-548-4935 3/21 Hike Three Forks to Hickory Flats Cemetery Three Forks to Hickory Flats Cemetery on the Appalachian Trail to No Name Bald via FS roads to Long Creek Falls via the BMT to Three Forks. 8 miles, moderate. Contact Mike Pilvinsky at mikepilvinsky @


Every Evening Bell Music from the Tower 7:00pm – 7:30pm. At the Historic Courthouse on the Square in Downtown Blairsville, GA. Free! Contact (706) 745-5493 or www.

Fridays Concert Series at the Old Courthouse Blairsville, GA. Free! 7pm. Old Historic Courthouse, 1 Town Square, Blairsville GA. For info: Union County Historical Society 706-7455493 or 3rd Friday Every Month Live Music Acoustic Blends Listen to a Variety of Quality Music Acts … or Join the Jam! Bring your own libations and munchies. 7 pm. Free & Public Invited. For info please contact Gilmer Arts 207 Dalton St. Ellijay, GA 30540. 706-635-5605. Visit

- 105 Ocoee Street Copperhill, TN 37317. Info: info@copperhillbrewery. com, 423-548-3030 or copperhill Weekends LIve Music at Engelheim Vineyards Engelheim Vineyards 127 Lakeview Road, Ellijay, GA 30540. Call 706-635-WINE (9463) or visit Weekends Fannin Brewing Company Live Music in the Bier Garden Fannin Brewing: 3758 East First Street, Blue Ridge, GA 30513. or 706.258.2762

2/9 Melanie Massel, Live Music is Better Blue Ridge, GA. Melanie Massel a jazz musician and an Atlanta native, has been performing professionally and charming audiences since childhood. 7 -10pm. Blue Ridge Community Theater, 2591 East 1st St., Blue Ridge, GA 30513. Tickets & Info: Email: info@ blueridgecommunitytheater. com Phone: 706-632-9223. 2/23 Three Dog Night Hiawassee, GA. Legendary music icons. 7pm. Level 1: $45.00 + Handling. Level 2: $35.00 + Handling. Tickets & Info: Georgia Mountain Fairgrounds, 1311 Music Hall Road, P.O. Box 444, Hiawassee, GA 30546. 706896-4191 or /

2/14 Hike the Wagon Trail - Brasstown Bald Co-sponsored with Georgia Forest Watch. 5 miles, easymoderate. Two miles of

Weekends Copperhill Brewery Live Music. Definitely casual. Easy to relax. Roomy. Sometimes there’s music. Monday - Saturday : Noon to 8 PM Sunday: Noon to 5 PM. Copperhill Brewery




3/2 Randall Bramblett, Live Music is Better Blue Ridge, GA. Known for playing on stage with rock’s legends like Bonnie Raitt, The Allman Brothers Band, Steve Winwood (16 years), The Band, Roger Glover, Gov’t Mule and Widespread Panic among others. 7:30 PM to 10:00 PM. Blue Ridge Community Theater, 2591 East 1st St., Blue Ridge, GA 30513. Tickets & Info: Email: Phone: 706-632-9223. https:// blueridgecommunitytheater. com/live-music-is-better/ 3/16 25th Anniversary B.E.S.T. Series – Atlanta Pops & Chloë Agnew Ellijay, GA. Special live concert with the Atlanta Pops Orchestra and Irish singer, songwriter Chloë Agnew and Irish tenor Dermot Kieran. Enjoy Irish ballads, hits from Broadway, movie classics. Plus a thrilling performance from Riverdance alumni. $32 – $75. 7:30pm – 9:30pm. Ellijay Elementary School, 32 McCutchen St, Ellijay, GA 30540. Tickets & Info: 706-635-5605 or www. 3/16 Drifters, Cornell Gunter’s Coasters & The Platters Hiawassee, GA. The Drifters, Cornell Gunter’s Coasters and The Platters. Three rock and roll hall of fame legends on the same stage, for one night only! 7:00pm. Level 1: $36.00 + Handling & Credit Card Fees. Level 2: $28.00 + Handling & Credit Card Fees. Tickets & Info: Georgia Mountain Fairgrounds, 1311 Music Hall Road, P.O. Box 444, Hiawassee, GA 30546. 706-896-4191 or http:// 3/23 YHC Georgia Guitar Quartet Concert Young Harris, GA. The Georgia Guitar Quartet is a pioneering ensemble on the American chamber music and classical guitar scenes. Coinciding with this year’s North Georgia Guitar Summit, the concert will culminate with the FEBRUARY/MARCH 2019

AC LIVING CALENDAR combined “guitar orchestra” performance which will also feature Young Harris College and high school guitar students. 7:00-9:00pm. Glenn - McGinnis Hall. Info: 706379-4307 4/6 Hank Williams Jr. Hiawassee, GA. 7:00PM. Tickets On Sale January 18th (Available Online January 17th at 10:00pm). Tickets: $77.00 + Handling & Credit Card Fees. Tickets & Info: Georgia Mountain Fairgrounds, 1311 Music Hall Road, P.O. Box 444, Hiawassee, GA 30546 706-896-4191 or http://

THEATER 2/21- 2/13 Rodgers & Hammerstein’s Oklahoma! Young Harris, GA. Musical. Set in farm country in the Oklahoma Territory, the rivalry between the local farmers and cowboys provides the backdrop for the love story between a cowboy and the farm girl, Laurey. Young Harris College’s Performing Arts Center . 7:00 PM to 9:00 PM. Info: 706-3794307 or https://www.yhc. edu/academics/fine-arts/ theatre-young-harris/season 2/15 – 3/3 The Kitchen Witches Jasper, GA. Isobel and Dolly are two “mature” cableaccess cooking show hostesses who have hated each other for thirty years. When circumstances put them together on a TV show called The Kitchen Witches, the insults are flung harder than the food! Tater Patch Players, 95 Philadelphia Lane in Jasper, GA. For tickets & info: 706-253-2800 or www. 3/7 – 3/24 Making God Laugh Blue Ridge, GA. Follow one American family over the course of thirty years’ worth of holidays. Starting in 1980, Ruthie and Bill’s grown children all return home, where we learn of their plans and dreams as they embark on their adult lives. FEBRUARY/MARCH 2019

Thursday through Saturday Performances start at 7:30 p.m. Sunday’s at 2:30 p.m. Blue Ridge Community Theater, 2591 East 1st St., Blue Ridge, GA 30513. Tickets & Info: Phone: 706632-9223. 3/29 – 4/7 Live Theater – Southern Fried Funeral Ellijay, GA. Rip-Roaring Comedy. Dewey Frye is dead and the rest of the family is left to pick up the pieces- if they don’t kill each other first. $22 – $34. 7:00pm – 9:00pm. Tickets & Info: Tickets & Info: 706-6355605 or www.gilmerarts. com. George Link, Jr. Gilmer Arts Playhouse, 135 Dalton St., Ellijay, GA 30540. 4/5 – 4/21 Drinking Habits Jasper, GA. Two nuns at the Sisters of Perpetual Sewing have been secretly making wine to keep the convent’s doors open. Wine and secrets are inevitably spilled as everyone tries to preserve the convent. Tater Patch Players, 95 Philadelphia Lane in Jasper, GA. For tickets & info: 706-253-2800 or 4/11 – 4/28 The Prisoner of Second Avenue Blue Ridge, GA. Mel Edison gets fired. Then he’s robbed, and his psychiatrist dies with $23,000 of his money. Mel does the only thing left- he has a nervous breakdown and it’s the best thing that ever happened to him. Tickets & Info: Thursday through Saturday at 7:30 p.m. Sundays at 2:30 p.m. Blue Ridge Community Theater, 2591 East 1st St., Blue Ridge, GA 30513. Tickets & Info: Phone: 706632-9223. HAVE FUN Out There! Deadline for April May Calendar Items is March 1st. Contact Alice@bl

WINE & BEER TASTINGS OPEN EVERY DAY Bear Claw Vineyards Blue Ridge, GA. Sunday Thursday 12-6pm, Friday & Saturday 12-8pm. Closed Thanksgiving and Christmas Day. 2281 Tennis Court Rd., Blue Ridge, GA 30513. Visit Open Every Day Engelheim Vineyards Engelheim Vineyards 127 Lakeview Road, Ellijay, GA 30540. Call 706-635-WINE (9463) or visit Ongoing Cartecay Vineyards Wine Tastings on the Chimney Patio or the Nealey Barn Loft. Cartecay Vineyards, 5704 Clear Creek Road, Ellijay, GA 30535. Call 706. 698. 9463 (WINE) or visit Daily Chateau Meichtry Chateau Meichtry, 1862 Orchard Lane, Talking Rock, GA 30175. Info: (706) 5021608 or www. Wednesdays Bistro 29’s Wine Wednesdays Murphy, NC. Wine Special: $5 off any bottle purchase or a discount of $1 off any glass of wine. Also join Wayne to sample his feature wine of the day. 4pm- 10pm. Bistro 29, 29 Tennessee St, Murphy NC 28906. For info: 828-837-9022 or visit Saturdays Out Of The Blue Wine Tasting Blue Ridge, GA. Drinking alcohol is just drinking. Wine is a lifestyle. Gourmet Living. We sell fine wine, cheeses, and beer along with specialty kitchen items. Wine tastings Saturdays at 1:00 pm. Out of the Blue, 647 E. Main Street, Blue Ridge, 706-258-2750. Visit www.


2/15 An Evening in the Winery at Chateau Meichtry Talking Rock, GA. Join us for a 4-course Italian dinner served Family-style Dinner iserved with your favorite bottle of wine in a commemorative keepsake glass. Live Music by Christian Jones. Cost: $120 per couple / $75 single (couple’s ticket includes one bottle of wine). Chateau Meichtry Family Vineyard and Winery , 1862 Orchard Lane, Talking Rock, GA. Contact 706-502-1608 or visit / 3/22 – 3/31 Winegrower’s of Georgia Wine Highway Weekend This is a great way to see and experience the views and wonderful wines of Northeast Georgia. Our wineries offer great wines that are grown and produced here in Georgia, many of which have won local, regional, national and international awards. There will be a $50.00 fee for each participant which will be collected at the first winery visited. Receive a “Wine Highway Week” collectors’ glass and Passport for admission to ALL participating wineries at no additional charge. Be sure to keep you Passport and Collectors glass with you at all wineries visited! Info: Ongoing Copperhill Brewery Copperhill, TN. We have created our tap room to be a local hangout and loved establishment. If you appreciate high quality craft brews, stop in and experience ours! Monday - Saturday: Noon to 8 PM Sunday: Noon to 5 PM. Copperhill Brewery - 105 Ocoee Street - Copperhill, TN 37317. Info: 423-548-3030 or copperhill Ongoing Wed - Sun Blue Ridge Brewery Dog friendly outdoor patio. Open Wednesday through Sunday 11:00am – 9:00pm. Blue Ridge Brewery, 187 Depot Street, Blue Ridge, GA . 706. 632. 6611 or www.

Ongoing Thurs - Sun Buck Bald Brewing Thursday, Friday, Saturday Noon to 8pm Sunday - Noon to 6pm. Buck Bald Brewing, 160 Ocoee Street, Copperhill, TN 37317. Info: 706.431.7141 or https:// Ongoing Thurs - Sun Fannin Brewing Company 3758 East First Street, Blue Ridge, GA 30513. 706.258.2762 or Ongoing Thurs - Sat Grumpy Old Men Brewing Dog & kid friendly. 1315 East Main Street, Blue Ridge, GA. 770-331-8870/404-9662665, Ongoing Mon- Sun Valley River Brewery & Eatery Located in Historic Downtown Murphy, NC at 71 Tennessee Street. 828-837BEER or Daily Chateau Meichtry Chateau Meichtry, 1862 Orchard Lane, Talking Rock, GA 30175. Info: (706) 5021608 or www. Wednesdays Bistro 29’s Wine Wednesdays Murphy, NC. Wine Special: $5 off any bottle purchase or a discount of $1 off any glass of wine. Also join Wayne to sample his feature wine of the day. 4pm- 10pm. Bistro 29, 29 Tennessee St, Murphy NC 28906. For info: 828-837-9022 or visit Saturdays Out Of The Blue Wine Tasting Blue Ridge, GA. Drinking alcohol is just drinking. Wine is a lifestyle. Gourmet Living. We sell fine wine, cheeses, and beer along with specialty kitchen items. Wine tastings Saturdays at 1:00 pm. Out of the Blue, 647 E. Main Street, Blue Ridge, 706-258-2750. Visit www.




history of indian georgia

– The Issue of Slavery

History Editor Leslie Barker Thomas Digs Deep Into Our Rich Cultural Past with This Ongoing Series About Our Native Ancestors



Nearly all indigenous American Indians had slavery by the time of the European invasion. When the Spanish arrived they captured the native Indians and used them as pack animals and sport for their dogs. During battle, American Indians captured other tribal members as prisoners and traded them to the Europeans as slaves. Some tribes used captives as sacrifices during religious rites. Cherokees captured prisoners during battle to replace those who died during the battle or had been killed by the whites in order to re-establish the balance and spiritual power within their tribe. Although the prisoner could not attain tribal status in most tribes, the children conceived by a tribal member could be received into the tribe. The Cherokee and Creek women played an important role within their tribe. They often made the final decision if a captive would live or die. Women were always present during important decisions. Cherokees could not comprehend why the European interlopers did not have their head women present during negotiations with the Indians. If prisoners were determined worthy by the head woman of the Cherokee or Creek tribe they could be adopted into the tribe. Slavery was an issue all over the colonies. Arrogant Europeans felt most of their colored captives were substandard for use as servants. They also felt that all Indians were pagans and without a soul. It meant nothing to them to lose a slave to death or to kill them themselves. Unlike a child conceived by a slave in an Indian tribe, who received tribal status, most children conceived by Europeans remained as slaves. 30

Years later it became an issue of whether or not those children could receive the property of their father. If the father acknowledged the child in writing, they could inherit especially if there were no other natural children. Indentured servants were shipped from Great Britain and Europe to aid the colonists with their businesses and households. While some thought this a better system towards getting servants who qualified to become house servants, others did not treat the new arrivals with any more kindness or concern than they had for the Indian or black slaves. This was how many of the Scotch-Irish had paid for their passage to come to America. They sold themselves to the ship’s captain, worked for their passage, and were sold into indenture once they arrived to the continent. Their fates were up to the purchasers. Servitude lasted from six or more years. While some were treated well and the servitude dates were honored others spent their nights in chains, were beaten and often the ending servitude date was not honored. When it was established in 1732, the colony of Georgia had ensured that slavery was prohibited. However, coastal Georgia landowners established that they could not run the vast expanses of their plantations without the help of slaves. The prohibition was over turned by a law in 1735 that still prohibited African slaves but not Indian slaves. Indians slaves were still the norm by 1772. Laws disputed over the slave issue in the south granted black slavery in 1751. Mixed blood Indians fought hard to establish themselves as acculturated and civilized under



Left: Indian slaves were common on Southern sugarcane plantations. Above: Columbus selecting slaves at auction. Below: Newspaper advert for a slave auction in the 1780’s. pressure from the colonists. Their ancestors had been coerced into giving up their warring status for assimilation. They had been persuaded into shifting from a hunting society into adopting agriculture as a means of economic stability. The thought originally was that they would fail. Many of the mixed bloods also became landowners, a concept foreign to most Indians who felt the Creator God had given the land to the tribe to be tended to. They now owned a number of properties in competition with their neighbors for the economic markets. When it became popular to own black African slaves, the rich mixed bloods joined in the fracas. This ended the tribal cooperation in raising crops. The Removal of the Cherokees saw them taking their slaves with them to the lands beyond the Mississippi River. It’s recorded that 2,000 slaves were removed with the Cherokees. ACLM Leslie Barker Thomas is a resident of Ellijay and the President of the Gilmer County Historical Society; Former President, Georgia Chapter Trail of Tears Association and Board Member of the National TRail of Tears Association. “When history is erased, people’s moral values are also erased.” –Ma Jian Visit the Gilmer County Historical Society Historic Tabor House & Civil War Museum 138 Spring Street, Ellijay, Georgia 30540 706. 276. 1861. Open Thursday–Saturday 10am to 2pm FEBRUARY/MARCH 2019


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