MARCH 2019, ISSUE 1
INDIAN SLAVERY IN AMERICAS WRITTEN BY: ALAN GALLAY In South Carolina, and to a lesser extent in North Carolina, Virginia, and Louisiana, Indian slavery was a central means by which early colonists funded economic expansion. In the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, a frenzy of enslaving occurred in what is now the eastern United States. English and allied Indian raiders nearly depopulated Florida of its American Indian population. From 1670 to 1720 more Indians were shipped out of Charleston, South Carolina, than Africans were imported as slaves—and Charleston was a major port for bringing in Africans. Alan Gallay is the Warner R. Woodring Chair of Atlantic World and Early American History at The Ohio State University, where he is Director of The Center for Historical Research. He received the Bancroft Prize for The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South, 1670–1717 (2003).
"Public records in the office of the Bureau of Vital Statistics, and in the State Library, indicate that there does not exist today a descendant of the Virginia ancestors claiming to be an Indian who is unmixed with negro blood"
PAPER GENOCIDE UNTOLD TRUTHS REVEALED Dr. Walter Plecker spent almost all of his public life trying to eliminate the recorded existence of Virginia’s native americans "Indians" which were misnomered later as negro and colored. Today descendants of those negro or colored folk are having a hard time documenting whether they are descendants of the African slave trade or indigenous to America. Plecker stated, "Public records in the office of the Bureau of Vital Statistics, and in the State Library, indicate that there does not exist today a descendant of the Virginia ancestors claiming to be an Indian who is unmixed with negro blood,” Plecker countered that his policy was justified because of his extensive research into race records dating back a century. The 1924 Racial Integrity Act was passed as part of
a series of laws designed to prevent racial intermixing. Under the direction of Dr. Walter Plecker, the Bureau of Vital Statistics divided Virginians into strictly defined racial categories of "white" and "colored" and banned marriages between people of different races. It had a national rippling effect he lobbied the Census Bureau beginning in 1930 to stop using the category “mulatto” to count mixed-race citizens. Indicating that you were of more than one race was not allowed until the 2000 census.
That the Blood Stay Pure African Americans, Native Americans, and the Predicament of Race and Identity in Virginia Arica L. Coleman Distribution: Global Publication date: 10/18/2013 Format: Hardback 12 b&w illus. ISBN: 978-0-253-01043-8
White Supremacy Got Us Good BY YABA BLAY Her name comes up in my life on the regular. Convos about Black beauty culture. Questions (and judgement) about skin bleaching.
“She was so cute! She didn’t know how pretty she was!” My question is, for those of us who were grown enough to appreciate the game changer that was Lil Kim circa 1996 -
Did WE know how pretty she was??
Serious question. Was Kim hailed as “beautiful,” “pretty,” or even a “sex symbol?”
Like, were brothas talking about how fine she was? Were sistas?
I don’t remember people affirming her; they were too busy being entertained, shocked, or ashamed.
I ask this question because too often we blame and shame Black women for the “choices” we make to our bodies without questioning why certain “choices” are made to US.
Shaking our heads at skin bleachers while skin bleaching manufacturers (mostly Europe-based companies) nod their heads to the bank.
Anyway. Don’t mind me. Just over here thinking of all the ways White supremacy got us (ALL of us) good. Per usual.
Race is a social construction and the Frankenstein creation of the Doctrine of discovery. Prior to its implementation via the Christian Crusades, there were only families of nations/ tribes/ clans etc. Race is a social construction. We are all phenotypically different however the anthropological/ political concept of race as we know it today was and is socially #book of abundance engineered. ~Abundance Child
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Modern American Abolitionist digest ~With Your Tongue You Can Save Or Destroy The Village