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Herd Health Issue

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Robyn Scherer

Robyn Scherer

Ashley Hassebrook















A young Boer kid plays in the snow at Rooster Ridge Boer Goats in Indiana. Photo by Tina Hirsch.

WANT TO SEE YOUR PHOTO IN THE MAGAZINE? If you would like to see YOUR photo in the January February issue, please submit your picture to robyn@ abga.org! Please send photos in the largest file size you can.

INTERESTED IN ADVERTISING? The Boer Goat is being revitalized, and we are looking for new advertisers! Check out the rates and issue themes on page 23 to learn more!


The Boer Goat - 3

2014-2015 AMERICAN BOER GOAT ASSOCIATION January/February, 2015 REGION 16 - BRAD MACKEY (EC) PRESIDENT • bradmackey@bmackfarms.com

Dear ABGA Members,

REGION 13 - MARK ANDERSON (EC) VICE PRESIDENT • fandhranch@aol.com


in your renewal forms. ABGA appreciates your membership, and we

Happy New Year! Thank you to all of the members who have turned

REGION 2 - SCOTT PRUETT TREASURER • eieiowefarms@yahoo.com

look forward to continuing to serve you in the coming year.

REGION 1 - TERRY BROWN • capriole@pocketinet.com

Our last Face-to-Face Board Meeting, which was held on Dec. 5th

REGION 3 - JOEL R PATTERSON • bobnjr@gmail.com

and 6th in San Antonio, was very productive. We covered many topics,

REGION 4 - CECIL SWEPSTON • cecils@brokensranch.com REGION 5 - JOHN EDWARDS • eggstx@aol.com REGION 6 - PAUL GRAFE (EC) • pgrafe@valbridge.com REGION 7 - JAY EARL PEACOCK • earlpeacock@yahoo.com

including the National Show, Committee Updates, JABGA updates and we approved the Judge Apprentice Program. We also held several hearings on Rule 900 and 901 filings. If you are interested in more

REGION 8 - SHON CALLAHAN (EC) • sdccccranch@aol.com

details, please visit the ABGA website and check out the minutes from

REGION 9 - VICKI STICH • ladyhogger59@hotmail.com

the meeting.

REGION 11 - JANIS WESSON • dustydan1@windstream.net

We had a tremendous start to the ABGA DNA program in 2014.

REGION 12 - PAUL KINSLOW (EC) • paulsellsindy@yahoo.com REGION 14 - CYNTHIA PRICE-WESTFALL EC cindy-price_westfall@yahoo.com REGION 15 - SARA DAVIS • csdavis@oakhollowlivestock.com ERVIN CHAVANA (EC) PAST PRESIDENT • mengercreek@hotmail.com *EC DENOTES EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEMBER

2,169 DNA Sample Test Kit requests have been processed by the ABGA office since the DNA Testing Program went live on April 16, 2014. This is more than two times more than UC Davis projected would be done in the first year; we had estimated 1,000. I want to thank the membership for the active involvement in kicking-off the program during the voluntary year. The DNA testing program is no longer voluntary, so if plan to register kids that are conceived in 2015 and beyond, you will need to have your buck DNA tested. A DNA test kit can be requested online through the website. We are still looking for applicants to be National Ring Stewards, so if you are interested, please make sure to fill out the application and

AMERICAN BOER GOAT ASSOCIATION 1207 S. BRYANT BLVD., SUITE C • SAN ANGELO, TX 76903 MARY ELLEN VILLARREAL, Executive Director • mary@abga.org ROBYN SCHERER, M.AGR. Director of Marketing & Communication • robyn@abga.org CINDY DUSEK, Youth Coordinator • cindy@abga.org MARIA LEAL, Member Services • marial@abga.org JENICA TERSERO, Member Services • jenica@abga.org KRYSTAL MORALES, Receptionist • krystal@abga.org CAYLA WILDE, Registration Support • cayla@abga.org RUBY CARRILLO, Registration Support • ruby@abga.org MODESTA HERNANDEZ, Registration Support • modesta@abga.org MARINA ZEMKE, Registration Support • marina@abga.org ABGA OFFICE HOURS Monday - Friday • 8:00 AM TO 5:00 PM (CST)

4 - The Boer Goat

send it to the office. Applications are due by February 20, 2015. January is a busy time of year for many of you, as you are in the midst of kidding season. I wish you the best, and can’t wait to see all of the new goats who will make an impact in our industry.

Sincerely, Brad Mackey, President ABGA © 2015 American Boer Goat Association™

Let ter from the Editor HAPPY NEW YEAR! Welcome to 2015, and the first issue of The Boer Goat for this year! The last few issues have come a long way, and I have received a lot of positive feedback from members. This issue will focus on health, with a special column on understanding nutrition. In this issue Dr. Ken Brown will be covering the issue of worming, and the ins and outs of dealing with parasites. There is also an article on recognizing the signs of a sick goat, as well as some common diseases to watch out for and their symptoms. Don’t miss the article on recognizing and treating chest pad infections, which has taken the lives of several prominent goats in the industry. The JABGA update covers their face-to-face board meeting, as well as their upcoming events. The junior spotlight features one of the JABGA scholarship winners. The Top Goats page will be continued every month. Last issue we started with June, because goats receiving awards prior to June were recognized at the National Show. Congratulations to all of the owners, breeders and goats on these tremendous accomplishments! This issue I added a show highlight page, and this issue we featured the National Western Stock Stow. Do you have show highlights? Feel free to send them in! Finally, there are the association updates, including the current fee schedule and a list of all of the disciplinary actions that were taken in 2014. We had some great user submitted photos this issue, and look forward to more photos from members!

CONTACT INFORMATION: Cell: 325-812-5593 Email: robyn@abga.org

Winter has finally kicked in here at my house, and we have had a ton of snow. The does have finally started to kid, and one of my favorite things is snuggling with baby goats. I hope you have a healthy and productive kidding season! I am looking forward to what this new year will bring for The Boer Goat and for ABGA. Sincerely,

Robyn Scherer, M.Agr.

ANNOUNCEMENTS March Face-to-Face Board Meeting

The next Face-to-Face Board Meeting will be held on March 27-28 in New Orleans, LA. The agenda will be posted 10 days prior to the meeting. The minutes from the December Face-to-Face Board Meeting are on the website.

DNA Update

The DNA Testing program is now mandatory. Kids that are conceived after January 1, 2015 will not be able to be registered until the buck has DNA on file. All other DNA testing through ABGA is on a voluntary basis, including parent verification. The price for DNA testing has increased from $28 to $33 for members. If you received your Sample Test Kit and have not sent your sample to UC Davis VGL Lab for testing, please do so as soon as possible. If you have sent your sample to the VGL Lab and not received the results from ABGA, please call the office.

Membership Renewal

If you have not turned in your renewal, please do so as soon as possible. Renewals can be mailed or done online. Please mark the county that you live in on the renewal form.

National Show Ring Stewards

The ABGA is looking to add new ring stewards for the National Show. ABGA has revised the ring stewardship program for the National Show to allow for broader participation by interested and qualified members. Ring Stewards will be selected for a three year term. Show expenses and a stipend are paid for each ring steward. Application will be due postmarked by or completed online by February 20, 2015. For more information on the rotation and duties, please visit the website. The application is available by visiting www.tinyurl.com/ringsteward

2015 National JABGA/ABGA Show

The 2015 JABGA/ABGA National Show will be held in Grand Island, Neb., June 7-12. A full schedule was approved at the September Face-to-Face meeting and is available at the end of the meeting minutes on the website.


Members who are sponsoring shows and/or seminars are invited to send the information to Robyn Scherer for inclusion in the ABGA Events Calendars. Applications for show sanctions should be sent to the office. The Boer Goat - 5

AMERICAN BOER GOAT ASSOCIATION In recognition of the efforts of local clubs and the impact their activities have on the goat industry, ABGA implemented the Affiliate Program in 2004. With the rapid growth in the meat goat industry, these goat clubs have an increased role of education, marketing and promotion. They provide an essential service in promoting the industry and educating breeders at the local level.

The objectives of the AGBA Affiliate program include:

• To provide resources at the local clubs level

• To provide networking opportunities for the local clubs

• To attract and retain goat producers

• To assist with educational opportunities

• To cultivate grassroots input from local clubs

Local clubs benefit from joining the group of recognized affiliates by receiving: • Listing on the Affiliate page of The Boer Goat including a short description • Listing on the Affiliate section of AGBA website with description of club’s mission • Listing of club events (shows and educational events) on the ABGA Event Calendar • Monthly listing of new AGBA members in the Affiliate’s area • Eligibility to receive ABGA promotional and educational material for club events

• Eligibility for educational funds

• Eligibility for cost share programs

• Membership matching funds at the end of each year of $1/member

• Opportunities for future programs How to become an affiliate:

In order to become a recognized affiliate, a local club needs to complete the affiliate application and submit the annual membership fee of $75. AGBA staff will review the application and notification will be sent to affiliate upon recognition. At the end of each year, ABGA sends each affiliate a renewal notice, and in order to continue as an affiliate, the club will need to return the form with any corrections, along with the $75 membership fee and a current roster, for the membership match.

Don't forget to renew your Affiliate Membership for 2015! 6 - The Boer Goat

Boer Goat Association of North Carolina Kelly Clark P.O. Box 36497 Greensboro, NC 27416 KellyClark@triad.rr.com Serving States: NC Tall Corn Meat Goat Wether Assoc Inc Vern Thorp 1959 Highway 63 New Sharon, IA 50207 neverthorp@aol.com www.meatgoatwether.com Serving States: IA Snake River Meat Goat Association Clara Askew, Secretary/Treasurer 8054 Ustick Rd Nampa, ID 83687 foxtailfarms@hotmail.com www.srmga.com Serving States: ID, WA, OR, CA, NV, MT, UT, AZ, NM Cascade Boer Goat Association Crystal Fenton 14352 W Hwy 12 Touchet, WA 99360 info@cascadebga.org www.cascadebga.org Serving States: OR, WA, ID, MT, CA Keystone Goat Producers Association 106 Carlisle Rd Newville, PA 17241 rzeigler@centurylink.net Serving States: PA Tri-State Goat Producers Association [TSGPA] 5125 State Rt 2 Greenup, KY 41144 billupsfarms@windstream.net Serving States: KY Empire State Meat Goat Producers Association PO Box 306 Watkins Glen, NY 14830 607-937-3324

OF EVENTS 2015 FEBRUARY FEBRUARY 11-12 Florida State Fair Tampa, FL Johanna Davis 386-527-0607 FEBRUARY 14 San Angelo Stock Show and Rodeo San Angelo, TX Brittni Kaczyk 325-653-7785 FEBRUARY 14 Dixie National Jackson, MS 601-214-1344 FEBRUARY 21 ETGRA Cream of the Crop Henderson, TX Sharon Fitzwater 972-979-1822

FEBRUARY 28 Bulldog Classic Athens, GA Ryan Winne 706-550-3277

MARCH 14 MSU FFA Spring Classic Morehead, KY Danielle Williams 859-707-6954


MARCH 19 Rodeo Austin Austin, TX Segayle Foster 512-919-3000


The Fuzzy Goat Show Caldwell, ID Marilyn O’Leary 208-642-6022 MARCH 4-5 Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo Houston, TX Karl Henast 832-667-1129 MARCH 14 Rio Grande Valley Livestock Show and Rodeo Mercedes, TX Kylie Boykin 965-565-2456

MARCH 21 IMGP Spring Fling Joilet, IL Deric Wetherell 217-898-9358 MARCH 28 Spring Spectacular Greenville, TX Anissa O-Hair 903-456-8752

Be sure to visit www.abga.org for additional information, updates, and a complete year’s calendar of upcoming shows and events. Don’t see your event listed? Please contact the ABGA at: 325-486-2242. The Boer Goat - 7



Introduction Having a practical explanation of the basics of meat goat nutrition is useful to owners, because it helps them to make informed decisions about economical feeding practices, as well as make more astute purchases from the array of feedstuffs on offer. Accordingly, I now describe selected principles of the physiology of digestion and utilization of required nutrients, as well as their practical application. This information should enable you to reduce—perhaps even avoid—costly errors in feeding and management of your goats. Required nutrients for production All goats require the same nutrients: protein, fat, carbohydrates (sugars and starches), fiber (cellulose and hemicellulose) minerals, vitamins, and water. The quantities (proportions) of these dietary requirements vary with the stages of goat life (maintenance, growth, gestation, lactation). Digestion and utilization of nutrients All goat diets, regardless of their composition of feedstuffs, go through the same digestion processes and, subsequently, the assimilation and utilization of digested nutrients. Every feedstuff or diet contains a given quantity of ‘energy’ expressed in kilocalories (1,000 calories). In this context, dietary energy is a composite figure reflecting the amounts of dietary protein, fat, carbohydrate, and fiber in feeds eaten (dietary minerals and vitamins do not furnish energy). 8 - The Boer Goat

Accordingly, goats ingest a number of kilocalories/day which nutritionists call gross energy (GE) intake. Portions of this gross energy and are lost to the goats in their feces, and the remaining energy is called digestible energy (DE). Additional energy is lost in the urine and fermentation gases (belching and farting) and the remaining energy is called metabolizable energy (ME). A portion of this ME is lost due to a process called heat increment which accounts for the energy lost due to the work of digestion and to maintenance needs (for maintaining body temperature, for routine movement, and for work performed, if any). The remaining energy is called the Net Energy Value. This net energy is used by the animal for productive purposes such as growth, gestation, and lactation. Note that excessive exercise or work or extreme environmental temperatures can reduce net energy available to the goat for productive purposes. Note also that green forages and hays generate higher heat increment than grains and concentrates and thus have lower net energy (the high heat increment is useful in cold weather but detrimental in hot weather because the animal has to expend energy to dissipate excessive body heat). While there are calculated net energy values for many individual feedstuffs, producers commonly use the simpler terms crude protein (CP) and total digestible nutrients (TDN) to compare feedstuffs and to furnish dietary needs of the various classes of goats. When you get laboratory analyses of a feedstuff, there will be two sets of figures for percent CP and percent TDN. One column will report results on a ‘dry matter

basis’ and the other will use ‘as-fed basis’. The as-fed values for CP and TDN will be 10-12 percent lower than those for dry matter values because the water content (10-12 percent moisture in feedstuffs) ‘dilutes’ the dry-matter basis values. I use as-fed values because that is how you buy feedstuffs and that is how your goats consume it. Recent issues of this magazine have carried my articles about winter feed supplementation. Certain figures therein described the average amount of goat feed eaten/day (ADI) and the quantities of CP and TDN needed by goats in a given stage of production, as well as the percent CP and percent TDN in the ADI. The daily diet eaten is composed of forages (green or preserved) and, if needed, supplemental feedstuffs containing CP, TDN, and minerals/vitamins. Nutritionists use the phrase, total mixed ration (TMR) to describe the combinations (mixtures) of feedstuffs needed for a given class of goats (growth, gestation, lactation, dry period). More specifically, TMR describes the practice of mixing all feed ingredients into a single homogenous blend for ad lib feeding once or twice daily. Most commercial goat enterprises commonly use forages fed separately from any supplemental grain mixtures needed to balance the ration (daily dietary needs). An exception is found in the use of commercial TMR blends for feeding show kids. Such blends are formulated to meet dietary needs of the kids with one mixture (usually pelleted to prevent sorting) and no other feedstuffs are offered. Some producers buy concentrates composed of individual feedstuffs to use as supplements to the forages being fed. These individual feedstuffs vary in their CP, TDN, and fiber contents and the quantities of each feedstuff are chosen to achieve a final percent CP in the concentrate. Typically, the percent TDN in these concentrates falls within an acceptable range

around a targeted average figure. The selling price/lb or ton of concentrates is quite variable, reflecting as it does continuous fluctuations in prices of individual feedstuffs plus the costs of milling, mixing, bagging, merchandizing, and markups. Feed companies typically formulate their concentrates based on ‘least-cost’ computerized computations. Given this, the array of feedstuffs, minerals, vitamins, and additives used in each batch of concentrate over time may vary widely even though the values for protein, fat, fiber, etc. ‘guaranteed’ by the feed tag will remain unchanged. Only custom-ordered concentrate formulations will contain the same amounts of the same feedstuffs over time. I now reproduce a commercial feed tag for your review and interpretation. Feed tag structure, content, and nomenclature are consistent across time and place because they are under

tio ns to Co ngratula Skyler Scotten

Reserve Grand Champion Market Goat 2014 American Royal

Use These Feeds for Championship Results! Goat Sale Prep RU No. 81072CAUE4

Nutritionally balanced show goat creep feed designed for peak performance and bloom from one week of age to weaning. Contains 18% protein, 5% fat, 15% fiber.

AminoGain® Goat DC No. 81667MPSP4 Designed to meet the unique nutritional needs of growing and blooming young show goats. Contains 16% protein, 3% fat, 19% fiber, 25-35 ppm copper.

Elite Goat DC No. 80941MPSE4

Designed to meet the unique nutritional needs of growing and blooming young show goats. Contains17% protein, 3.5% fat, 13% fiber, 20-40 ppm copper.

National Show Feed Specialists Tadd Knight 217-653-0528 • Al Schminke 217-257-3513 866-666-7626 www.admani.com/MoorMansShowTec

The Boer Goat - 9

control of the National Association of Feed Control Officials. Each State has a Feed Control Agency domiciled in either the state Land Grant (Agricultural) University or the State Department of Agriculture). Their employees inspect feed stores, take random samples of various products and their tags for lab analysis, and they take ameliorative action, including stop-sale orders, when samples differ ‘appreciably’ from tag guarantees. If you as a buyer suspect that the content of the purchased feed is not meeting its tag guarantee, you can ask the feed store to contact your state feed control service for proving/ disproving your suspicions. A tag must have a product name and list the name and location of the manufacturer and provide a Guaranteed Analysis. The latter must show the percentages of: Crude Protein minimum (including the amount of non-protein nitrogen—typically urea), Crude Fat minimum, Crude Fiber maximum, Calcium minimum and maximum, percent Phosphorus minimum, Salt minimum and maximum, and the quantities of various minerals (parts/million/lb) and vitamins (International Units/lb).

Concerning non-protein nitrogen (NPN), multiply

10 - The Boer Goat

the tag figure by 2.62, and this is the amount of ‘equivalent protein’ in the concentrate; the remaining protein guaranteed is from natural sources. For example, in a tagged feed with 16 percent CP and .73 percent NPN x 2.62 = 1.9 percent equivalent protein; the other ingredients would provide 14.1percent natural protein (16.0 – 1.9). Feed companies use NPN to lower the cost of the protein component. At the levels typically used (1-2 percent), there are no adverse effects on dairy or meat goat productivity or health. Ill-informed producers may question the use of NPN for goats, but Finnish research had found dairy goats can get all their required protein from sources of NPN without ill effect. In the U.S., lick tubs typically contain considerable NPN and cause no problems with cattle, sheep, or goats. Rumen bacteria convert NPN to bacterial protein that is easily and safely digested and utilized by these species. NPN is not fed to non-ruminant species such as poultry, swine, and horses. Tags must also provide a list of ingredients used in the formulation. Note: this listing is not required to identify individual feedstuffs by name, but instead uses generic group nomenclature. For example,

“Processed Grain By-Products” (may contain brans, shorts, meals, etc.), “Grain Products” (may be corn, hominy feed, oats, barley, wheat, rye, etc.), “Plant Protein Products” (can be soybean meal and/or cottonseed meal, distillers grains, corn gluten meal, etc.), “Roughage Products” (alfalfa meal, ground hays or straws, hulls, etc.; all are high in fiber), and various minerals and vitamins. The tag must also identify the name and quantity of any antibiotic present and note any usage restrictions. A concluding useful caveat: in nutritional physiology, there is the principle of ‘least limiting nutrient’. In practical terms, this means that if a given nutrient (e.g., protein or TDN or a mineral or vitamin) is insufficient for optimum growth or gestation or lactation, the animal will produce only at the level sustained by the deficient nutrient. To clarify, if the diet offered only enough protein for a daily gain of .2 lb by a growing kid, that is level that would be realized (doesn’t matter if the other dietary components would support a daily gain of .4 lb). Obviously, limiting quantity of a given necessary nutrient will result in loss of performance and of feed

monies. On the other hand, one must realize that overfeeding a dietary component such as protein will result in a loss of money spent for feed because increased productivity is not achieved in response to overfeeding one or more nutrients. A classic demonstration of overfeeding protein occurs when show goat owners feed a TMR testing over 15 or so percent CP. The excess protein from feeding show kids does not ‘hurt’ the kids, it just hurts the owner because the excess protein is converted by the liver to costly nitrogen that is passed through the kidneys to the bladder and on to the ground. In this instance, the phrase, wasting away one’s profit, comes readily to mind. An owner cannot ‘force’ an animal to grow faster by supplying more dietary protein than it can metabolize and utilize. Don’t go there; enough is enough and more is not better.

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The Boer Goat - 11



By Trevor Clemens, 2014-15 JABGA Reporter

JABGA Board Kicks Off the New Year The JABGA Board of Directors arrived in Orlando, Florida on December 30th, 2014 for their annual Face-toFace Meeting. Meetings began the next morning and lasted until January 3, 2015! The junior board reflected upon events that took place in the year of 2014, and planned the upcoming year of 2015. Scholarship and award details, National Show details, and the JABGA Leadership Conference were a few of the various topics discussed at this meeting.

JABGA Regional Shows The JABGA Board of Directors are striving to meet the needs of their members across the country, therefore they have decided to host two Regional Shows within each JABGA Area. This will allow for both promotional and educational events to take place. All JABGA Regional Shows have been decided, with the exceptions of Areas 2 and 5, who only had one application each as of December 20th. However, the Regional Show application deadline for these areas was moved from December 20, 2014 to February 1, 2015, in high hopes of receiving more applications. Sometime after February 1st, the JABGA Board will collaborate to finalize Regional Shows for these areas. Regional Shows that have been approved are as follows:

Area 1

Show #1: Sutter Buttes Classic Regional JABGA Show. May 9, 2015~Yuba City, CA Show #2: Wild West Regional JABGA Show. May 4, 2015~Moro, OR

Area 2

Show #1: Linn County Boer-Nanza Regional JABGA Show. May 9, 2015~Central City, IA Show #2: To Be Determined.

Area 3

Show #1: Empire State Meat Goat Association Regional JABGA Show. May 23, 2015~Locke, NY Show #2: Guernsey County Barn Blitz Regional JABGA Show. April 26, 2015~Cambridge, OH

Area 4

Show #1: The Next Generation Regional JABGA Show. September 5, 2015~Athens, GA Show #2: SE Regional JABGA Show. April 25, 2015~Shelly, NC

Area 5

Show #1: Colorado Boer Classic Regional JABGA Show. September 5, 2015~Keensburg, CO Show #2: To Be Determined 12 - The Boer Goat

JABGA Promotional Events Within Area 1 The JABGA Board of Directors have decided to attend an activity within the state of California to promote the association in hopes of acquiring new members. While working to involve all JABGA members and promote the association, the JABGA Board of Directors feel that attending various activities across the country, like this, is the best possible way to better educate their members and essentially “PROMOTE THE GOAT!� Therefore, a few JABGA board members will be attending the Western Bonanza on February 14-15. Along with promoting the association, the JABGA will also be promoting the 2015 Leadership Conference, which will possibly be held in California. You can stay updated with pictures and information on these two promotional events by visiting the JABGA Facebook Page.

Upcoming JABGA Face-to-Face Meeting The JABGA Board of Directors has decided to meet on a quarterly basis. Phone conference calls are great, and very convenient, however the JABGA board is able to accomplish more business in a timely manner when meeting face-to-face. Therefore, the JABGA Board of Directors will be meeting on March 27-29 in correspondence with the ABGA Board of Directors. Location is to be determined.

JABGA Meal Packaging Event The JABGA has decided to host a meal packaging event that the 2015 National JABGA Show. Hosting an event like this will be a great way to give back to not only the community of Grand Island, but people within our country and possibly even other countries! The JABGA is asking for donations to purchase these meals. A simple donation of $10 can provide at least 40 people with a nutritious meal. Keep an eye out for more information on this event!

JABGA Fundraisers The JABGA is selling calendars. Calendars are $12.50, and that includes shipping. Please contact Cindy Dusek, Youth Coordinator, for more information. cindy@abga.org The JABGA is also still looking for recipes for their cookbook. They really want to put an emphasis on goat recipes, and they encourage people to send in recipes. Not only goat recipes are needed though. They are accepting recipes of all sorts, and they need as many as they can get. This is not directed to just ABGA or JABGA members, but everyone! Please send recipes to Cindy Dusek, or any other junior board member. cindy@abga.org

Quincy Edwards, JABGA Area 5 Director The Boer Goat - 13

JABGA Spotlight



By Robyn Scherer, M.Agr. Photo courtesy of Mark Anderson

Starting a Boer goat herd is fun and rewarding. Sara Fielder, a JABGA member from Arkansas, began her Boer herd a few years ago. “My junior year of high school, my ag teacher wanted me to show in the fair. My dad was looking for someone who had Boer Goats, and that’s when we met Karl Herman. He got us started,” she said. She originally bought a market goat, but after he died, she decided to get into breeding does instead. “My brother was into the ag program in our school, and he was showing market goats, so that’s what my first one was. Then I started showing breeding goats, and I have two now with more on the way,” Fielder said. She also helped put on her first show this year. “I got to help Mr. Karl at the Jonesboro Classic, and I also go to show there. It was kind of scary, as I have never been scrutinized by a judge that much before, but it was a good experience,” she stated. Fielder likes Boer goats, and is excited for her first kids to be born. “They are so cute. They are sweet little animals, and ours are like little dogs and they follow us around. That’s what I like most. These are the first kids that we will have born, so we are pretty excited about that,” she said. In addition to the regular membership benefits, JABGA members are also eligible for a $1,000 scholarship to use at any school they are attending. “I didn’t think that I would be accepted for it. I was new to the organization, so I didn’t think I would get it, but my dad pushed me towards it. I was honored to be awarded the scholarship, and it was very exciting. I’ve never done anything like this before,” she said. She continued, “I needed a little more money to pay for college, because I had most of it paid for with scholarships. So that helped a lot.” Fielder is in her freshman year of college at Arkansas State University, where she is pursuing a degree in Animal Science, with an emphasis in pre-vet. “I have always liked animals. I have wanted to be a vet since I was in Kindergarten,” she said. Her dad, Keith Fielder, encouraged her to apply for the scholarship. “It was a big honor for her to receive the scholarship. We are pretty new to the industry, and she was kind of unsure about it. The main question was, ‘How have you promoted the Boer goat?’ I told her, you talk to people, you are in FFA and you have showed your goats. That is promoting it,” he said. He continued, “She had been telling others about her experience, and promoting on a local level. We were pleasantly surprised, and the $1000 really helps. It means a lot to us.” They plan on continuing to raise goats. “Our local FFA chapter, the kids are always looking for goats. We always have to go off somewhere to buy them. If I could supply some of the local kids to show, that is really the goal that we have. We want to help get more interest in this part of the country, in Northeast Arkansas,” he said.

14 - The Boer Goat

Coming to a Show

Near You in 3D

TST1 Win

dy Acre 2014 Res s Tripl erve Na tional Champio e D n Buck

Windy Acres Boers

Terry & Sue Taylor | 882 S. State Rd. 168 | Lubbock, TX 79407 806-234-2095 | ttaylor.ie@gmail.com | www.windyacresboers.com

Red Oak Ranch

Sammy Lerena | 860 Tuggle Rd. | Lipan, TX 76462 530-300-3338 | ktgosteppin@att.net | www.redoakranchboers.com

The Boer Goat - 15

BREEDER'S SPOTLIGHT JC BOER GOATS By Robyn Scherer, M.Agr. Photos courtesy of Julie Carreiro

JC Boer Goats, owned by Julie Carreiro, is located in Hollister, California. She raises 100 head of fullblood goats, and has a few percentage and wether type does. She answers a few questions about her operation:

1. How did you get started in the Boer goat industry? My late husband and I were in the cow calf industry and I was training stock dogs. The cost for getting fresh cattle in for the dogs, and getting them ready, got to be really expensive. I heard that goats work a lot like cattle, so I thought I would look into it. I had a few sheep at the time, and I ended up selling my sheep herd, and at that sale someone was dispersing their fullblood Boer herd so we bought 20, and started in the commercial end of it raising meat goats. I sold meat goats to the USDA inspected facilities and then had a registered herd that I was hoping to sell brood stock.

2. How did you get started in the show industry? I wasn’t getting the recognition I wanted as a producer, so I started showing. People told me that if I wanted to sell breeding stock, that I needed to show. I had already had goats for 12 years at that point, and my first show out, we were in the top five. Since then, I’ve been learning how to clip and watching people, and marketing goats. Then I bought a buck, because I wanted that “wow” factor. I started going to Nationals, and saw what I liked and didn’t like. I was able to get Prodigy ennobled on his first three offspring. That was my first introduction to showing.

3. What does your operation look like today? I have the goats, and I still have the stock dogs. The fullbloods that are born that aren’t show quality or are correct we castrate and sell those for the market wether deal. I still do some meat goats, but not many now. I am still really into the production part of it, and I want fast maturing goats that have some size. We also have a few wether dams for jackpot shows, and we have sold some good market wethers that have done well in our local fairs. We also have a few percentage does. I am trying to cover all aspects of the Boer industry, from the meat, to the market, to the show, to the production part of it. I also work to get more kids involved. We have showmanship practice at the ranch, and I love to get new people involved. A lot of people do not have the ability to have the great genetics in California. I looked for people who wanted to sell their semen and started doing AI, and I invite people from California and Arizona to do it. 16 - The Boer Goat

4. What is it about the Boer goat industry that you enjoy?

time to do all that stuff. He was really involved in the breeding part and matching that up.

The goat industry is really great. My husband passed away about a year and a half ago. I wasn’t going to show and was pretty bummed. I was planning on putting on my second ABGA show in my hometown, and I told everyone I can’t do it. Everybody called and was willing to help me. I ended up showing about a month later, and one of the Prodigy daughters ended up getting Grand at that show.

Also, all of my friends in the goat industry has been really great. The Boer goat people are really happy for you and willing to help out. I have a whole crew of people who really help me a lot. There is a lot that goes in to having a good show doe, and I’ve had many other breeders who have helped me learn to fit and feed.

I also love the goats. They have a good personality, and I really like the genetics part of it. It’s almost like Christmas every time I kid. It’s so exciting when they kid and to see what genetics worked with what.

5. Who was an inspiration to you and assisted you in improving your knowledge/herd, and how did they help you? My late husband was a dairyman, and he had registered Holsteins. When I was at work, he would be researching bloodlines and I really didn’t have

6. What has been your biggest challenge as a producer in the industry? I think one of the hardest parts is keeping them healthy, as well as feeding those brood does so they don’t have kidding problems. The reproduction part, getting them bred, that’s a huge factor. You have to keep the does healthy so they will produce. I am still a realist, and my goats have to work and are not just sitting there with a feed pan. I still thrive for that fast maturity kid that can be a meat goat.

7. What are you most excited for with your herd in the coming year? I was really happy I was able to get Eye of the Storm, and I am hoping to get her ennobled. I also have two Prodigy does that are doing really well, and I am showing those goats now. So I am looking forward to showing them and getting their inspections done, and I am looking forward to getting my own, homebred does ennobled. I’m pretty lucky and very excited about it. I also want to try to get more junior shows out in California. There are not a lot of junior shows and I’d really like to work with some show people and see if we can’t get some more. California has some great goats, and I love helping kids and seeing them show their goats. The livestock industry is so good for kids. They have a vision and goals to work towards, and learn to be competitive.

To learn more about JC Boer Goats, please visit http://www.jcboergoats.com/ The Boer Goat - 17

Vet's Corner


A PRIMER by Dr. Ken Brown, DVM

And the goat herder said “If it’s a goat, it has parasites.” And the goat herder was right; not just here in the USA, but throughout the world. Ruminants are besieged (under attack, even) by parasites and fighting the war is a series of skirmishes and battles. Where we find our enemy in large numbers, we then defend ourselves. We call it deworming, and it is good. Almost. We cannot win the war, but we can win some battles, fight our enemy in ways that are effective and at the same time reach an uneasy “truce” so to speak, as both goat and parasite come into a state of mutual existence. The subject is far too complex and extensive to go into with any great detail here, but a good basic knowledge goes a long way and it is that basic understanding we are going to try to convey in a few short pages. Any goat owner with problems in the herd can look to parasites as a cause – from anemia, decreased protein levels, abortion, poor fertility rates, poor body condition, overall unthriftiness, higher diseases rates and even death. The actual impact and severity of the parasite problem in a given herd is going to vary by geographic area, environment, weather and seasons, farm management, the host, and the type of parasite. In the South (especially in my state, Florida), parasites can be a year-round problem due to the more temperate climate and moist environment. Moisture and vegetation (density and height) will also be factors in parasite management, with thick grasses protecting larva from the sunlight that can kill them and moisture allowing their rapid development. Some parasite larvae protect themselves from harsh extremes by arresting their development in a process call hypobiosis and wait for favorable conditions to return so that they may ambush the grazing goat. Browsing results in less infection than grazing, and grazing tall grasses is also helpful to avoid larva (overgrazing is an invitation to disaster). The goat pellets we love to see help keep parasite ova from spreading (they need insects and rain to break them down), while loose feces allows for ova to contaminate the environment easier. The stocking rate (how many goats per acre) is also a major factor with fewer goats per acre (or more acres per goat) reduces the contamination and also helps prevent overgrazing grasses too 18 - The Boer Goat

low to where larva may be consumed. Additionally, the management of your herd and land is an important parasite management tool, with rotation and pasture rest being important considerations (another presentation topic altogether). Parasites adapt to the environment to protect themselves, just as much as they develop a resistance to the tools we use to wage our battles. Some parasites can adapt enough to be able to arrest their development in the host when it senses a host immunity, then resurface when that immunity wanes such as during illness or even when there are hormonal changes during pregnancy. Genetically, the host can also be weaker or can develop immunity to some parasites as the host grows older. To diagnose the parasite numbers, fecal egg counts (FEC) should be performed – by yourself after training, by your veterinarian or by a commercial service (Mid-America Agricultural Research is one such service). Instructions on how to perform a FEC are found on the website of the ACSRPC. Take your fecal sample before you treat the animal. A good sampling of a herd will include goats that look unthrifty or that have been ill or have other signs, together with healthy animals. At least 5 individuals (or 5 to 10%) of each group should be tested (assuming your herd is divided into groups). Fresh feces are required and each animal providing a sample should be identified. Sample handling and shipping should be according to the lab requirements. Post treatment samples will also be taken in 7 to 10 days, so be able to identify the animals from which samples were acquired. Interpretation of the fecal results can be frustrating, as the number of eggs in a sample do not always correlate to the actual number of parasites in the individual animal due to a variety of reasons, including intermittent ova shedding, higher egg production in some species of parasites, host immune and health status, different larval stages and fecal sample size and type itself. But, if you have followed the “5 to 10% and at least 5” rule above, the total average between all animals tested will provide you with a herd parasite “picture” and guide your next steps to parasite control. There are many parasites, both internal and external, that are problematic for goats. To understand your adversary, it is important to

understand their basic life cycle and with that knowledge be armed with information to help conduct your management efforts. Nematodes (roundworms) are stomach and intestinal parasites and for the purposes of this article we will focus on the three most common, also known as the “HOT Complex” (and which are also collectively in the strongyle classification). Adults live in the stomach or the intestine and produce eggs that are passed in the feces (and which are the subject of the FEC). They develop in larval stages, with stage 1 (L1) developing within the egg in a day and molting to L2, which then molts to the infective L3 stage in as short as 7 to 10 days if temperature and moisture is favorable. The L3 will migrate to the tops of grasses and are eaten by the goat and then burrow into the intestine and finally develop to L4 larva in another 1 to 2 days. The L4 will remain in the tissue for up to 10 days and then return to the surface of the stomach or intestinal lining and molt into an adult – a total of 3 to 4 weeks having transpired from ingested ova to adult (the prepatent period). Different species of nematode live at different levels in the gastrointestinal tract and are treated with various anthelmintics.

with large numbers of eggs shed. A goat with an H. contortus burden will develop anemia, “bottle jaw”, weakness, intolerance to exercise, weight loss and be very reluctant to move. Ostertagia is also capable of causing bottle jaw as proteins are lost due to inflammation of the intestinal tract; other signs include diarrhea. The Trichostrongylus is the final part of the HOT Complex and can live in either the abomasum or the small intestine with similar signs as Ostertagia which can also include poor appetite, loss of condition, a dull attitude, diarrhea, pot-bellied appearance, bottle jaw and even death. Barber pole worm is not the only cause for bottle jaw, nor anemia. It is the most common and the most problematic due to its rapid reproduction, which also allows it to mutate and develop resistance to dewormers. A quick summary for the nematodes (and which are also all strongyles) : Abomasum – H. contortus, Ostertagia circumcincta, Trichostringylus axei Small Intestine – Trichostrongylus spp, Cooperia spp, Nematodirus spp Lung – Dictyocaulus filaris Lungworms deserve special mention not because they are more common, but because they can have a direct life cycle. D. filaris is the most pathogenic and the adults live in the bronchi and can show clinical signs of an increased effort and rate of breathing and coughing. L1 are coughed up by the adult, swallowed and then passed in feces where L2 development occurs to L3 (1-2 weeks). L3 is the infective stage and can persist in the environment so long as it is cool and moist. Once eaten, the L3 mature to L4 in the lungs and can start producing eggs in 30 days. There are several classes of dewormer to kill adults and larva, including fenbendazole, levamisole, ivermectin, and moxidectin; a repeat dosage of the dewormer is suggested at 21 and 35 days to cover the prepatent period. Detection of the lungworm ova requires a special fecal examination technique, the Baermann method.

(Source from VA Cooperative Extension Parasite Control Fact Sheet)

The other two types of lungworm, Muellerius and Protostrongylus, have an indirect life cycle with a snail as an intermediate host. Protostrongylus resides in the bronchi, typically with few clinical disease signs.

Haemonchus contortus is also known as the Barber Pole worm due to its red and white spiral colors. It is the major target of our parasite management for several reasons, notably causing anemia and death (the target of the FAMACHA score of red to white (anemic) of the lower inside eyelid – read more on the ACSRPC site). The parasite lives in the abomasum and is aggressive blood feeders and prolific breeders

Muellerius resides in the lung tissue itself and is also usually subclinical (no obvious signs) but can be a cause of coughing if there is a heavy fluke burden. Levamisole is not effective for this variety of fluke. Fenbendazole is effective, as is ivermectin for larval stages, therefore levamisole is not advised as a dewormer when fenbendazole or ivermectin will kill adults of each type of lungworm. The Boer Goat - 19

Additional GI parasites of concern include coccidia (a protozoa), flukes (trematodes), and cestodes (tapeworms) Coccidia are host specific so your chicken will not spread their version of coccidia to your goat. A presence of coccidia in the goat does not equate to a disease state, as small numbers are almost always present and the goat’s own immune system can keep them under control. Several thousand oocysts on an FEC may indicate there is a problem, especially when combined with the presence of clinical signs. As the goat gets older the resistance to infection increases and is why the problem is less common in adult goats and low oocysts are shed. If an adult experiences a major stress event (feed changes, weather, illness, other disease) the immune system can be compromised and clinical disease become apparent (diarrhea most often, with an accompanying odor). Young kids at age 3 to 5 months are more likely to develop diarrhea and a clinical disease due to the more naive state of the immune system. Diarrhea develops a few weeks after ingestion and is caused by the irritation and destruction of the intestinal cell, so it is possible to see it as early as 2 weeks but it is not common. Other signs include abdominal pain, diarrhea (which can contain fresh blood), anemia (when chronic coccidiosis), weakness, weight loss, and dehydration. The dehydration is the major concern, together with electrolyte supplements to provide chloride lost due to the diarrhea. Sometimes there can be a subclinical infection by coccidia that results in poor hair coat, low weight gain, and an otherwise unthrifty appearance. Treatment for coccidiosis includes supportive care of fluids and electrolytes together with using amprolium (Corid) or a sulfonamide (but be wary of using them in dehydrated animals) for a period of 5 days. There has been reported use of Baycox (toltrazuril) for treatment for 1 to 2 days and repeated in 10 days for a single day, 1mL per 5 lbs of goat weight. Prevention of coccidia is not always effective, nor warranted if there is sufficient cleanliness and low exposure to coccidian oocysts. Dry bedding, cleaning of fecal material from housing, sunlight exposure to feces, clean water, and proper nutrition are as effective as medicated feeds for prevention of coccidia. The author does not use medicated coccidiostat feeds and will treat the occasional coccidia caused diarrhea in kids, thus allowing the kid’s immune system to be exposed and to develop a natural immunity to the protozoa. If an outbreak has occurred, a coccidiostat can be used such as Decoquinate (0.5 mg/kg - 1 mg/kg body weight or 2 lbs of 6% Deccox to 50 lbs of salt) or monensin (20 g/ton of feed) and can be incorporated into creep feed or salt but the dose is dependent on 20 - The Boer Goat

consumption by the individual animal which leads to the treatment failure often observed. Of less clinical concern are tapeworms, often see as a small grain of rice or a flat segment of white material in the feces. Moniezia spp. are the most common and unless there is a heavy infection there is not usually a clinical disease (although owners become alarmed). The eggs are passed in feces and ingested by mites in the pasture and the mites are then ingested by the goat. The prepatent period is about 40 days, with heavy infestations of adult tapeworms possibly predisposing the goat to enterotoxemia secondary to an intestinal blockage. Treatment options include fenbendazole at 20mg/ kg for 5 days, albendazole 10mg/kg, and some practitioners are also using praziquantel either alone or with another agent. The trematodes are flukes (Fasciola hepatica and others) and need an intermediate host of a snail. Damage to the liver is possible and subsequent disease is usually seen in fall and winter months due to the extended prepatent period (ingestion to liver is8 to 11 weeks). The proper host, temperature, and moisture are all required to develop an infection. Signs are not specific and can include poor appetite and weight loss, with sudden death a common








occurrence. Treatment options include flukicides and albendazole (not in first 30 to 60 days of pregnancy) at 15mg/kg. Special mention: the meningeal worm, Parelaphostrongylus tenuis, is a parasite of the whitetail deer and has no effect in that species. Goats, and other animals, can be infected and the parasite larva can migrate through the spinal cord and cause severe neurological disease. The life cycle requires a snail as an intermediate host and treatment options involve high dose fenbendazole, ivermectin, and an anti-inflammatory such as dexamethasone. Now that we have identified our adversary, we can focus on how to wage our battles and work toward a management strategy to minimize losses to our goat herds. The management (control) technique we will use depends on the management system in place on the farm. Parasite control is local. For example, intensive, confinement housing controls most nematode infections but will allow an increased exposure to coccidia without extra efforts to keep the area free of fecal material – a tough task. Partial confinement and summer pasture grazing can lead to more nematode problems in the summer and fall. Year round extensive grazing can present problems specific to the season, but also are mitigated with stocking rates, rotation and the type of pasture or browse involved. Waging Battle (The Meat and Potatoes) It is a battle, and we know it, so some “rules of engagement” are in order: - Use dewormers strategically, only on animals that need to be treated as seen by a FEC or clinical signs. Monitor for clinical signs – be vigilant – but leave animals without clinical signs alone to allow for a natural balance of parasite and goat to exist. For those animals found to be consistently high in FEC, consider removing them from your program. - Do not routinely deworm on a schedule, this will help slow resistance and protect your herd longer. - Do not rotate a dewormer until it has stopped working as seen by a less than 90% reduction in egg counts in FEC. - Monitor fecal egg counts. - Utilize FAMACHA scoring (ACSRCP.ORG) to determine deworming needs - Manage pastures properly, avoiding over-grazing and over-stocking. Rotate species into and out of pastures. - Improve your deworming program by knowing

weights (round up in weight) - Withdraw feed 12-24 hours before deworming (but not if pregnant) - Dose properly, knowing that a goat metabolizes levamisole faster so needs 1.5x a sheep dose and ivermectin is 2-2.5x a sheep dose - Use the lowest effective class of dewormer possible, saving moxidectin in reserve - Avoid the use of injection or pour-on dewormers (except injection ivermectin given orally) - Do not overdose to an arbitrary number without a basis for that number (no “4x a horse dose”) - Work with your veterinarian for fecal exams and control programs. - Be mindful of withdrawal periods and deworm dairy goats when dry or use morantel. The Arsenal There is no scientific proof herbal dewormers work. It would be a poor deworming program and failures are common. The studies on condensed tannins and other “natural” dewormers have indicated they would fail under the standards of efficacy of the chemical classes. However, there is a place for these “natural” (condensed tannins typically) plants such as sericea lespedeza, and others, as they do show a reduction in ova on FEC in goats. They can help with a deworming program, but they cannot replace it. Copper oxide wire particles (COWP) have also been shown to reduce parasite ova in scientific tests. It is important to follow manufacturer recommendations for use and to be mindful copper toxicity can be just as deadly (if not more so) than the parasite you are trying to control. For our purposes we will divide the common dewormers into three classes of compounds: 1) Benzimidazoles which includes albendazole (Valbazen) and fenbendazole (Safe-Guard, Panacur); 2) Levamisole and related compounds which includes Tramisol, Prohibit, Levasole, morantel tartrate (Rumantel), and pyrantel tartrate (Strongid); and 3) Macrocyclic lactones which include ivermectin (Ivomec, Zimectrin), moxidectin (Cydectin, Quest), and doramectin (Dectomax). Specific doses and uses for the most common dewormers used in goats are: Fenbendazole (Panacur, Safeguard) - labeled for goats at 5 mg/kg, but 10 mg/kg is a better dose for strongyles and for tapeworms is used at 20mg/ The Boer Goat - 21

kg for 5 days in a row. Oral route. Covers abomasal and intestinal strongyles, lungworms, tapeworms. Resistance is common. Withdrawal for milk is recommended at 96 hours at 10 mg/kg dosing based on goat studies; meat at least 8 days based on label for cattle.

Cydectin pour-on). The carrier agents are harsh on the stomach and intestinal tract and there is some question if the same amount of drug is absorbed when inflammation or irritation of the GI tract by the pour-on is present. Oral products are now available and the pour-on products should no longer be used.

Albendazole (Valbazen) - not approved for goats, is labeled for sheep at 7.5 mg/kg but goats are dosed at 15mg/kg. Oral route. Covers abomasal and intestinal strongyles, flukes, tapeworms, lungworms. Withdrawal for meat 7 days (for sheep); not to be used in dairy animals

For further information, a good place to start is found at the American Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control (ACSRPC) located at http:// http:// www.acsrpc.org/ where everything discussed is found in depth, including instructions on doing your own fecal egg counts. The Merck Veterinary Manual Online (free) as well as parasitipedia.net are two other valuable resources.

Morantel (Rumatel) - approved and labeled for lactating dairy goats. Dose per package label (same dose as for cattle) and add to feed – 10mg/kg. Oral route. Covers abomasal and intestinal strongyles and is not absorbed in the intestine or stomach. Zero milk withdrawal, meat 14 days. Levamisole (Levasole, Prohibit) - not approved for goats (sheep labeled); reputation for abortions in first 2 months of pregnancy, can cause side effects of frothing at mouth, quivering. Dose is 8 to 12 mg/ kg – do NOT overdose as toxicity is common. Oral route. Covers abomasal and intestinal strongyles, large lungworms. Withdrawal for meat is 3 to 7 days; not to be used in lactating animals. Ivermectin (Ivomec) - not approved for goats, but is approved for sheep as an oral drench product. Dose is 0.4mg/kg orally and 0.2mg/kg SC (Ivomec injection). Covers abomasal and intestinal strongyles, lungworms, and sucking lice (not tapeworms, flukes, or biting lice). Resistance is common in many areas. Withdrawal – 0ral is 14 days meat, 9 days milk’ SC 35d meat, 40 d milk. Special note: Ivermectin injection product given orally: 1cc per 40 lbs of goat weight; horse ivermectin pastes: 1cc per 75 lbs of goat weight. Horse “Ivermectin Plus” products can also cover flukes Moxidectin (Cydectin, Quest horse gel) - not approved for goats, there is a sheep oral drench product. Dose is 0.5mg/kg, oral route. Covers abomasal and intestinal strongyles, and lungworms. Avoid using until is a last resort. Withdrawal recommendations per FARAD for goats are 23 days meat at 0.5mg/kg oral dose. Special note: Horse Quest (and Quest Plus) used at 1cc per 100 lbs of goat weight delivers 0.5mg/kg and will cover tapeworms when use the Quest Plus product. NOTE – Pour-ons were once used due to the fact no other product was available (example, 22 - The Boer Goat

Kenneth R. Brown, DVM is a veterinarian practicing in North Florida with Rural Veterinary Services and Rural Veterinary Outreach, a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. His practice includes most animals found in rural areas and farms, but has a special fondness for goats, of which he has a herd of 70.

The Boer Goat - 23

The importance of knowing the difference between goats that are

healthy or sick

By Robyn Scherer, M.Agr.

It can happen unexpectedly. One morning, your goats are fine, eating and drinking and playing. That night when you go out to feed, one of them looks like it’s dying. What happened? Recognizing the signs of disease is vitally important. Treating animals early will reduce the morbidity and mortality rate, and help keep herds healthy. Knowing the difference between what is normal and healthy, and what is not can you catch diseases early. There are several different aspects of goats that need to be monitored. However, if you want to recognize the symptoms of a sick goat, you must first know the difference between a healthy one and a sick one.

Attitude Just as with people, a sick goat will not be a happy goat. Normally, goats should be alert, curious and generally happy looking. A goat that is sick will act depressed. The goat may hang it’s head, seem dull and weak, and may not want to do anything but lay there. They are miserable. Appetite When a goat is healthy, they want to eat. They are eager to come to food. After they are full, they chew their cud. When a goat isn’t feeling well, it will go off feed. They won’t be interested in food, and may quickly become “sunken in” because their rumen isn’t full. Body Condition A goat in good body condition shouldn’t be too fat or too thin. Body condition can be determined using a quick numbering system, from 1 to 5. Goats that are a 1 are extremely thin, and a 5 is obese. Healthy goats should be in the range of a 3-4. Animals that are extremely thin usually have some sort of disease issue, unless they are just being underfed. Worms or other diseases may cause them to lose weight. Goats that are losing weight for no apparent reason should be evaluated for parasites, as this is usually the main cause. However, other issues, such as stomach or mouth problems, will also cause them to lose weight because they aren’t eating. Make a note of your goat’s body condition score at least four times a year, or every three months. Respiratory system Healthy goats will breathe normally, and won’t cough or wheeze. A goat that is sick may have problems breathing, and will sound labored. This can be a sign of any number of respiratory disease. It should be noted that many respiratory diseases are highly contagious, and if a goat is having issues breathing it should be quarantined from the herd and treated immediately.

Left: Healthy goats will be eager to eat 24 - The Boer Goat

Eyes The eyes of a healthy goat are bright and inquisitive. They will look alert, and the eyes will be clear. A goat that is sick may have watery eyes, and they will look dull. The cornea may be cloudy or have spots. The area around the eyes may be red. A sick goat may also be sensitive to light. Nose A goat that is healthy will have clear nostrils, and won’t be sniffling or sneezing. A goat that is sick may have runny, snotty or stopped up nose. It could be as simple as a cold, which will go away. However, if the symptoms persist, there is probably something else going on. Skin and coat The skin and coat of a healthy goat will be clean and glossy. A goat this is sick may have pimples, blisters, scabs, bald patches or have lumps. The coat may look dull and rough. If the goat has a skin problem, it may itch the area, which causes more inflammation of the skin. Feces and Urine The droppings of a healthy goat will be firm and in pellets. The urine should be a lighter shade of yellow,

if the goat is properly hydrated. A sick goat may have runny diarrhea, worm segments or loose feces. It may also strain to defecate or urinate. A sick goat my have bloody urine, or be unable to urinate. Gait Goats should normally walk with a steady, even gait. They will look relaxed, with a fairly flat back. Goats that are having problems may limp, arch their back, or be unable to walk. They may also lie on their sides and paddle with their limbs. All of these are signs of a problem. Vocalization The last thing to watch is vocalization. Some goats are noisier than others, and it’s good to take note of what your goats do normally. A sick goat may cry out more, or grind their teeth, which is a sign of pain. Although disease can be scary and costly, recognizing the signs early and treating the animals will result in the best prognosis. If animals are not acting normal, it is best to determine the cause and attempt to alleviate it. In all cases, if you are unsure, it is best to enlist the advice of experienced goat producers and veterinarians.

The Boer Goat - 25

Common Diseases in the Goat Herd By Robyn Scherer, M.Agr.

In general, goats are fairly easy to keep. They don’t get sick very often, but when they do, quick action is needed. There are many several diseases that goats can suffer from, but the following ones can be especially troublesome. Pneumonia Pneumonia is one of the most common diseases in small ruminants, and it is one that can kill an animal overnight. Even though young animals are the most susceptible, any age of goat can catch the disease. Dramatic changes in temperature can trigger pneumonia. Pneumonia can also be caused by bacterial, viral or parasitic infections. Newborn animals are exposed to pasteurella haemolytica and pasteurella multocida, but do not usually develop the disease due to the antibodies ingested through colostrum. Animals that are in a clean, healthy environment also rarely pick up the disease. However, animals that are in environments with high humidity, damp bedding, excessive heat, buildings with poor ventilation and overcrowding can compromise immunity and make an animal susceptible to the disease. Pneumonia has many recognizable symptoms. These include nasal discharge that is not white or clear (can be yellow or greenish), elevated temperature above the normal 103.5 degrees Fahrenheit, and labored breathing (which is not always present). If an animal is diagnosed with pneumonia, prompt treatment is key. For bacterial and viral causes, antibiotics and an anti-inflammatory agent, such as Banamine, should be used. If it is viral, the antibiotics are used to treat a secondary bacterial infection, not the virus. Antibiotics do not work on viruses. If the cause is parasitic, animals should be treated with a dewormer such as ivermectin. Animals should be isolated from the herd, to prevent the spread of the disease. They need to be in well-ventilated, clean environments that allow them to recover. Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis (CAE)

CAE is a disease that is fairly new, but can be very 26 - The Boer Goat

harmful to a herd. “CAE is now considered as one of the most important disease affecting the goat industry in the United States. All breeds of goats are susceptible to CAE, however, serological surveys indicate that the disease is most common among the dairy goat breed,” according to Seyedmehdi Mobini, DVM, MS, professor, researcher and extension veterinarian with the Georgia Small Ruminant Research & Extension Center. CAE is transmitted from dam to kid through milk. It can also be transmitted from goat to goat through saliva, nasal discharge, feces or urine. There are two types of the disease, the encephalitis form and the arthritic form. The first form is usually found in young kids (2-4 months old), and start with paralysis and can end in seizures or death. However, the arthritic form is the most common type. It affects adult goats, usually 1-2 years of age. The animals usually lose weight, have a poor coat, and have enlarged, swollen joints. This may progress to severe arthritis, where goats may not be able to rise and they will walk on their knees. They must eventually must be euthanized. There is no cure for the disease, and it is best to cull animals with the disease so that it does not spread. Herds can be tested for the disease and once a herd is declared CAE free, a closed herd program, or only introducing CAE free animals, can help keep the disease from entering a herd. Kids are who born from infected mothers should not be allowed to nurse from infected animals. They should be fed pasteurized colostrum and milk or fed milk replacer. Sore Mouth Sore Mouth, also known as contagious ecthyma, is a highly contagious, viral disease. It causes painful, scabby sores on the lips and gums. However, lesions on a kid can be transferred to the udder of the dam, and then the doe may not allow the kid to nurse. She may also develop mastitis. “Although the lips and gums are most commonly affected, lesions have been reported on the face, ears, coronary bands, scrotum, teats, vulva, neck, chest and flank,” according to Jean-Marie Luginbuhl, Extension Meat Goat Specialist and Kevin

L. Anderson, Professor of Veterinary Medicine from the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service. Lesions will usually heal in one to four weeks. However, if they are severe, antibiotics may need to be administered to treat secondary infections. Softening ointments can be used to help alleviate discomfort as well. Urinary calculi Urinary calculi, also known as water belly, commonly effects male goats. This occurs when a stone (made of phosphate salts) lodge in the urinary tract and prevent the animal from urinating. The primary cause comes from feeding a high grain, low roughage diet. Excessive phosphorus and magnesium, or an imbalance of calcium and phosphorus can result from too much grain. Decreased water intake can also be a contributing factor. Intact males can develop the disease, but wethers are most susceptible. Testosterone helps the urinary tract to grow, and animals that are castrated at a young age can prevent the animal’s penis and urethra to reach full size, according to Susan Schoenian,

Sheep & Goat Specialist at the University of Maryland's Western Maryland Research & Education Center. Symptoms include restlessness and anxiety, and then progress to abdominal pain, loss of appetite, urine dribbling and possible rupture of the urethra. If animals are not treated, the bladder may rupture, causing death. According to Schoenian, “Treatment of urinary calculi depends upon the location of the obstruction and could be as simple as snipping off the urethral process to allow calculi at the end of the penis to dislodge. Tranquilizers and antispasmodics may help to naturally dislodge some calculi. In more advanced cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to save valuable animals or pets. Veterinary advice should be sought in this case.” Although disease can be scary and costly, recognizing the signs early and treating the animals will result in the best prognosis. If animals are not acting normal, it is best to determine the cause and attempt to alleviate it. In all cases, if you are unsure, it is best to enlist the advice of experienced goat producers and veterinarians.

The Boer Goat - 27

Recognizing Chest Wall Infection early

crucial to survivability By Ashley Hassebrook

Jenifer Keys wasn’t expecting to lose her buck Harmony Hill Gunslinger to a chest wall callus infection. At first she didn’t even know what it was. She expected it to be an easy fix – Betadine, flyspray, topical penicillin – the usual trio. Keys thought she had it handled.

But it wasn’t nearly that simple.

She was at Nationals when she got the call that Gunslinger was down with a temperature of 105. The usual vet was out of town and the stand-in oncall wasn’t sure how to do an IV on a goat and was only able to get him started on oral electrolytes and antibiotics. When Keys returned home after nationals she and their usual vet, with the help of an IV drip, were able to nurse Gunslinger back to some semblance of health – but they still weren’t sure what was wrong with him.

“I’m not sure why we as an industry aren’t talking about this,” Keys said, “I think it might be because this happens to people and they think they’re an isolated incident, that this condition is pretty rare. But it’s something that we should be talking about.” With Gunslinger back to normal, Keys took another feel at where the infection had been – only to find a pocket. The infection had turned the tissue in the area necrotic. They made arrangements with the vet to have surgery done. During the surgery Gunslinger seized and died. Afterwards, during a post-mortem autopsy, the vet discovered that the infection had wrecked havoc on his lungs – leaving only 20 percent of his lung tissue functional. “Even if he had survived the surgery, he wouldn’t have been able to survive our summer, when it’s so hot and humid,” Keys said.

“At first we thought it might be pneumonia or laminitis,” Keys explained, “The person we had watching our animals while we were at nationals noticed that he was having trouble breathing and favoring his front feet.”

Keys isn’t the first to lose a high-profile buck, Ruger Reloaded also succumbed to a chest wall callus infection.

So Keys palpated her way up both of his front legs, until she saw him wince when she got near his armpits.

While Keys admits she is not a expert in chest wall callus infections she has learned a lot from Gunslingers’ ordeal. According to Keys and what she’s learned recently from other breeders is that the infection often starts out small and more common in hot, wet areas of the country where things stay muggy for a good portion of the year.

“When I pulled my hand away it was covered in blood and puss,” Keys said. So Keys and their vet went to work with another IV of electrolytes and antibiotics. After a few weeks Gunslinger was acting normally again, Keys explained. That’s when she started posting to Facebook about Gunslinger’s condition, and that’s when the comments started pouring in. Comments from people with similar experiences – all wondering why they hadn’t heard of this condition before. 28 - The Boer Goat

So what should you know about chest wall callus infections?

These infections are also more common in bucks than does, and they are usually large, heavy animals, not light-weight junior animals, generally. “If you see a pink spot [on their chest] that’s when you should start treating for the infection,” Keys explained, “Then it’s still treatable. Don’t underestimate its severity. You don’t want the infection to go systemic.”

If you see the infamous pink spot, treat it with a drying spray to keep it from staying moist and spreading. Also, include a fly-spray to keep insects away that could bring further infection and irritate the area. The chest wall is a super-highway of arteries and blood vessels, making it a prime location for bacteria to get into the blood stream and advance to major organs. Also, when the animal is laying down, the animal’s chest is almost always in contact with the ground, making it easy for bacteria to get in and mud and dirt to block drainage. Many times moisture will get into the callus pad and spread the infection to the blood, leading to a systemic infection. As with anything livestock – keep an eye out for animals acting strangely. If there’s different behavior, start looking for a cause. Generally, when goats aren’t feeling well, these signs can include behaviors like being off by themselves, lethargy, loss of appetite, loose-stools, hunched back, fever, etc. However symptoms like these aren’t necessarily indicative of chest wall callus infections. These are just general herd health things to look for. It’s sort of like checking your symptoms on WebMd – it could be a cold. It’s probably a cold. But according to WebMd, it could be cancer. Or, it could be a rare fungal infection found only in Southern Thailand. If you’re worried – call an expert. Call your vet.

good vet. “Find a vet that knows goats,” said Keys, “Or if not one who knows goat health issues, is willing to learn and find out information.” Finding a vet who is willing to learn about goat health issues can be a major struggle, however finding one is worth the wait – especially when you find one who is able to run an IV on goats. According to Keys in her experience if you are able to run IV antibiotics and electrolytes through an animal early enough, a lot of the health issues that are usually terminal, like toxemia and callus infections, can be survived. As with most animal health issues, without a highly accurate crystal ball, it’s impossible to foresee what herd health issues we’ll confront with our goats each season. Chest wall callus infections are one herd health issue that is just beginning to gain notoriety, and it’s important for breeders to share their stories so we know as an industry how to confront these issues. Taking basic preventative steps ensures healthy animals and understanding the severity of chest callus infections can help to ensure our animals live long, healthy lives.

But for callus infections, one of the more telltale symptoms to look for is kicking. Yes. Kicking. Constant kicking. “They’ll kick incessantly with their back legs trying to reach their chest to get some relief,” said Keys, “Sometimes it’ll get so bad they’ll even stop eating and go off food. Lots of times people think it is mites,” said Keys. Providing preventative measures is usually the best means of stopping chest wall callus infections, many things producers already have implemented. Steps like providing clean dry bedding or shavings can go a long way in preventing a multitude of heard health issues, including chest wall callus infections. If animals are out in the elements during warm wet weather, building a 4-inch platform for animals to lie on can help get animals out of the dirt and mud. Perform weekly chest checks on bucks and heavy does during the warm wet months to ensure that your at risk animals are free and clear of any open wounds or scrapes on chest calluses. The most important thing Keys’ stresses: find a The Boer Goat - 29

Congratulations to the breeders, owners and animals who stand out in the Boer goat breed. The following have received the awards of Ennoblement, Doe of Excellence and Sire of Merit for September 2014, November 2014 & December 2014. The October 2014 winners were recognized in the Nov/Dec issue of The Boer Goat. Ennoblements: The ABGA ennoblement program is open to ABGA American Purebred and Fullblood does and bucks. Ennoblement Requirements are as follows: • For an animal that has passed visual inspection: o A combined total of eighty (80) points from subject animal and progeny is required for ennoblement o Minimum number of progeny required to pass visual inspection is 3 o Minimum ABGA points earned by each individual inspected progeny is 5 o Minimum points from the total of 3 or more visually inspected progeny is 30 o The animal cannot contribute more than 50 points toward its’ own ennoblement • For an uninspected animal, including those that are deceased o A total of one hundred (100) points must be earned by the progeny. o Minimum number of progeny required to pass visual inspection is 3 o Minimum ABGA points earned by each individual inspected progeny is 5 o Minimum points from the total of 3 or more visually inspected progeny is 100. Name

Registration Number






Coni Ross




Jared Hopkins




Tracy Pettyjohn




Lisa & Kevin Strohl




Loyd Martin




Cary Heyward




Carlie Callahan




Sarah Brend




Riley Brown




Chris Radloff




Sarah Sparks




Marsha Patterson




Kay & Don Kotwica


Rodney & Lori Meyer

September 2015 Bucks


November 2015 BUCKS




Aryn May & A Bar Boer Goats




Shelby McMahen



Melissa & Neil Love




Katelynn A Wheeler




Terry & Sue Taylor




Generic Sold for Breeding Herd

30 - The Boer Goat




Clint Demmitt




Michelleen & Frank Horning




Austin Landry

ZA Z145



Vic & Carole Pontious




Lachel Clark




Nathan Duncan



Nathan Duncan & Vic & Carole Pontious


December 2015 BUCKS


Percentage Doe of Excellence The Percentage Doe of Excellence Award Program is open to ABGA registered Percentage (50% through 88%) Does. Point requirements are as follows: • The percentage doe will be required to have a combined total of one hundred (100) points earned by the doe and her progeny. • A minimum of 15 points must be earned by at least two progeny, with a minimum of five (5) points each. • Points earned by male progeny through ABGA Performance Tests will be awarded to the doe. Name

Registration Number






Chestnut Springs Farm




Lacey Roe




Timothy, Arlan & Becky Humble




Melissa & Neil Love & Megan Shepherd

September 2015

& Kenny Elwood



Susan Hahn or Rick Czelusta




Paul Middlesworth




Sheila Smith




Cole Hammett



Tartaglia Boer Goats


Sire of Merit The ABGA Sire of Merit Award is open to American Purebred and Fullblood bucks. Point requirements are as follows: • A Fullblood Buck or an American Purebred Buck cannot contribute individual points toward this award. • The eligible percentage progeny of a sire will be required to earn a total of one hundred (100) points for the sire to earn this award • A minimum of five (5) female progeny must earn a minimum of five (5) points each of the one hundred (100) total points required. September 2015 S G R COOL CAT



Jenna Kay Jordan



Chris Radloff

November 2015 AABG NBD HYTECH

The Boer Goat - 31



32 - The Boer Goat

Grand Champion Percentage Doe 7PML Lyons 1 Phil Lopez of Collinsville, OK

Reserve Grand Champion Percentage Doe GSR Red Hot Mama Sarah Brend Good Shepherd Ranch of Milburn, OK

Grand Champion Fullblood Doe Rio Vista Buttoned Up In Smoke D227 Minda Witt Witt's Rio Vista of Lamar, CO

Reserve Grand Champion Fullblood Doe PF08 DHTBG Painted Red Nick Pitlick Pitlick Boer Goats of Jordan, MN

Grand Champion Buck Rio Vista Smokin Inferno Minda Witt Witt's Rio Vista of Lamar, CO

Reserve Grand Champion Buck J6 B BAR B Ready For This Becky Akerblom B Bar B Boer Goats of Hico , TX

ABGA™ 1207 S. Bryant Blvd., Suite C, San Angelo, TX 76903| (325) 486-2242| Fax 325-486-2637 |www.ABGA.org marketing | education | genetics | commercial | youth | service

If you are submitting a registration application for a goat that is not the offspring of a purchased "bred" doe and you are not the breeder, a transfer form and transfer fee will be required at the time of registration.


Batch order pricing only applies to transactions within the same herdbook.

American Herdbook Registration of Does (50% to 93%) or Record of Pedigree Bucks (96% or less) Under 18 Months of Age Member Cost Non-Member Cost Less than 15 per batch $10.00 each $20.00 each 15 to 24 per batch $ 9.00 each $18.00 each 25 + per batch $ 8.00 each $16.00 each American Herdbook Registrations OVER 18 Months of Age are $15.00 each for Members and $30.00 each for Non-Members.

Full Blood or American Purebred Herdbook Registration of Does (94% & higher) and Bucks (97% & higher) Under 18 Months of Age Member Cost Less than 15 per batch $16.00 each 15 to 24 per batch $15.00 each 25 + per batch $14.00 each

Non-Member Cost $32.00 each $30.00 each $28.00 each

Registration of Non ABGA Goats Listing Paper for Animals Otherwise Ineligible for Registration or Record of Pedigree Member Cost Non-Member Cost Under 18 Months of Age Less than 15 per batch $10.00 each $20.00 each 15 to 24 per batch $ 9.00 each $18.00 each 25 + per batch $ 8.00 each $16.00 each Registration of Listed Animals OVER 18 Months of Age are $15.00 each for Members and $30.00 each for Non-Members.

TRANSFERS Transfer/Change ownership of ABGA papers Transfer at Registration

Member Cost $ 5.00 each $ 5.00 each

Non-Member Cost $10.00 each $10.00 each

OTHER SERVICES Duplicate Certificates Revisions due to fault of ABGA Revisions due to request or fault of Applicant Fax-back fees 5-Generation Pedigrees Herd Name Herd Prefix Name Change: see Rules for requirements DNA Testing Recording of DNA Results not done thru ABGA Recording of Inspection for Ennoblement Fee Ennoblement plaques Membership Labels

Member Cost Non-Member Cost $ 5.00 each $10.00 each Free Free $ 5.00 each $10.00 each $ 2.00 per page $ 2.00 per page $ 2.00 per page $ 4.00 per page $20.00 one time fee Not Available $ 5.00 one time fee $10.00 one time fee $10.00 each $20.00 each $33.00 each $38.00 each $ 5.00 each $10.00 each $10.00 each $70.00 each $20.00 for first 1000, $2.00 for every 100 thereafter


$60.00 per year Adult Membership/Online Premium $30.00 for remainder of year New Members joining July 1st - December 31st $30.00 per year Junior Membership/Online Premium (All memberships are due for renewal January 1st of each year, renewals are full price.)

** RUSH FEES ** Standard Rush Fee: *

$ 5.00 per animal

Same-Day Rush Fee**

$25.00 per animal

*in addition to applicable reg. fees there is a 3 business-day guarantee, not including mail time, or problematic registrations.* **paperwork MUST be in ABGA office by 1:00pm CST, in addition to applicable registration fees, does not include weekends or holidays.** UPS Overnight Fee Dependent upon zip code, fees mandated by UPS, call for amount Fed-Ex Only upon request Dependent upon zip code, fees mandated by Fed-Ex, call for amount Rush fees DO NOT include any type of special mailing; fed-ex, UPS, priority mail, etc. Only standard Postal mailing is included. *** FEES SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE ***

Rev. 1/31/2015 The Boer Goat - 33

NOTICE OF DISCIPLINARY ACTIONS 6 December 2014 Based on the findings that Jarrod Jackson failed to follow the ABGA judging protocol at the 2014 Nebraska State Fair, the ABGA Board of Directors hereby imposes the following sanctions on Jarrod Jackson: 1. 2 year suspension effective October 27, 2014; 2. $2,000.00 fine payable within 120 days from December 6, 2014; 3. Successful completion of an ABGA Judges Certification School that is scheduled after the conclusion of the 2 year term of suspension.

6 December 2014 Based on the findings that Corbin Bell falsified an ABGA registration application, the ABGA Board of Directors hereby imposes the following sanctions on Corbin Bell: 1. Denial of membership privileges or access to ABGA services; 2. ABGA registration certificates currently in the name of Corbin Bell cancelled and ABGA registration applications denied; 3. Revocation of participation privileges in all ABGA approved events; 4. Denial of privilege of access or presence on show grounds of an ABGA-sanctioned show; 5. Denial of privilege to advertise in ABGA official publications; 6. Terminating the rights to transfer any ABGA Certificate of Registration held; 7. Terminating any non-member access to ABGA services; 8. A fine of $5,000.00. 9. At the conclusion of a five year period Corbin Bell may request to reapply for ABGA membership through the ABGA Board of Directors. Said date for application for ABGA membership begins 5 years from the date of payment of the $5,000.00 fine.

6 December 2014 Based on the findings that Agnew Boers, James Agnew and Brenda Larner have falsified a birth date on an ABGA registration application, the ABGA Board of Directors hereby imposes the following sanctions on Agnew Boers, James Agnew 34 - The Boer Goat

and Brenda Larner: 1. Denial of membership privileges or access to ABGA services; 2. ABGA registration certificates currently in the name of James Agnew, Agnew Boers and Brenda Larner cancelled and ABGA registration applications denied; 3. Revocation of participation privileges in all ABGA approved events; 4. Denial of privilege of access or presence on show grounds of an ABGA-sanctioned show; 5. Denial of privilege to advertise in ABGA official publications; 6. Permanently terminating the rights to transfer any ABGA Certificate of Registration held; 7. Terminating any non-member access to ABGA services.

27 October 2014 Jared Jackson’s judging credentials have been suspended.

23 October 2014 Corbin Bell is banned from participating in any and all ABGA sanctioned shows and events, acting as an agent in any capacity and from registering and/ or transferring any goats. Any and all accounts currently in the name of Corbin Bell are suspended effective October 23, 2014. Registrations/transfers for all goats currently registered in the name of Corbin Bell are frozen.

27 September 2014 The ABGA Board of Directors has issued a letter of reprimand on September 27th, 2014 to ABGA affiliate ETGRA for violation of the ABGA code of ethics. A member in a leadership role for the East Texas Goat Raisers Association has violated the ABGA code of ethics by making harassing, derogatory and false statements to and about ABGA members during discussions of ABGA related topics on an open social media format.

27 September 2014 Based on the review of three written ethics complaints the ABGA Board of Directors has issued a written reprimand on September 27th, 2014 to

2014 CALENDAR YEAR Rochelle Gates for violation of the ABGA Code of Ethics. Rochelle Gates has violated the ABGA code of ethics by making harassing, intimidating, derogatory and false statements to and about ABGA members during discussions of ABGA related topics on an open social media format.

26 September 2014 Agnew Boers, James Agnew and Brenda Larner are banned from participating in any and all ABGA sanctioned shows and events, acting as an agent in any capacity and from registering and/or transferring any goats. That any and all accounts currently in the names of Brenda Larner, James Agnew and Agnew Boers are suspended effective September 26, 2014. That registrations/transfers for all goats currently registered in the names of Brenda Larner, James Agnew and Agnew Boers be frozen.

19 July 2014 Jessica Lankey as a member, owner, and/or agent is suspended until DNA proof of parentage is provided on pending violations.

19 July 2014 Evie Gates account has been frozen and her membership has been suspended for a period of twelve months. During the suspension, she is barred from attending all ABGA/JABGA events. This action was taken because she operated an unauthorized vendor booth at the 2014 National Show in violation of the association and national show rules that clearly state you must purchase a vendor booth to sell merchandise. When asked by ABGA directors to shut down the booth and/or pay for a vendor space in the areas set up for vendors, she refused and continued allowing merchandise to be sold. When asked on subsequent occasions she again refused, on each occasion. Since the end cap where the merchandise was being sold was purchased by her, she was sent a bill after the National Show and asked to pay for the booth, but she still refused to pay. While it has always been an acceptable practice for exhibitors to sell livestock from their pens, we have always prohibited the sales of merchandise to protect the rights and privileges of our vendors at the National Show and to make it a professional environment for all attending.


I apologize if my actions during the 2012 JABGA national show offended anyone.

Sincerely, Crede Garriot The Boer Goat - 35

Please Make All Payments Payable To: ABGA


Completed Subscription Cards Mail To: 1207 S. BRYANT BLVD., SUITE C SAN ANGELO, TX, 76903





Pit Kemmer, Auctioneer 931-335-4628 www.kemmerranch.com

36 - The Boer Goat




VERN THORP/641-660-1390 SUSAN THORP/641-660-1388

www.windrushboers.com | windrushia@gmail.com 1959 HWY 63 | New Sharon, IA 50207 IOWA










ERIK AND SUSAN GRILL 304.832.6194 P.O. Box 152 - Lindside, WV 24951 gramacfarm@hotmail.com www.gramacfarm.com

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The Boer Goat - 37



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BIJO Boer Goats Tina Hirsch

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The Boer Goat - 39



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The Boer Goat January/February 2015  

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