Page 1


ENGLTSH

q#f /

/

ARABTC c,E:J*t

*Ktrffiffiffi PKffYffiffiffi OND EDITION

S

'i

i'

t.

J

aym.ind.

lso n -G o I dste i n

Norma Shapiro


OX.FORD

uNrvERsrTY PRRSS

,

198 Madison Avenue NewYork, NY 10016 USA Great Clarendon Street, Oxford ox2 6Dp UK

Oxford University Press is a department ofthe University ofOxford. It furthers the University's objective ofexcelience in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide in

Oxford NewYork Aucldand CapeTown Dares Salaam HongKong Karachi Kuala Lumpur Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Nairobi NewDelhi Shanghai Taipei Toronto

With offices in Argentina Austria Brazil Chile CzechRepublic France Greece Guatemala Hungary Italy Japan Poland Portugal Singapore SouthKorea Switzerland Thailand Turkey Ukraine Vietnam oxrono and oxloRD ENGrrsE are registered trademarks Oxford University Press. @

of

Oxford University Press 2009

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Adelson-Goldstein, Jayrne. The Oxford picture dictionary. Monolingual / Jayme Adelson-Goldstein and Norma Shapiro.- 2nd ed.

p.cm. Includes index. ISBN: 978-0-19-474010-4

1. Picture dictionaries, English. 2. English language*Textbooks for foreign speakers. L Shapiro, Norma. II. Title. PE1629.S52 2008

423'.1-dc22 200704-t0-t7 Database dght Oxford University Press (rnaker)

All dghts reserved. No part ofthis publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any forrn or by any rneans, without the pdor permission in wdting of Oxford University Press (with the sole exception ofphotocopying carried out under the conditions stated in the paragraph headed "Photocopying"), or as expressly permitted by 1aw or under terrns agreed with the appropriate copyright clearance organization. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside the scope ofthe above should be sent to the ELT Rights Department, Oxford University Press, at the address above. You must not circulate this book in any other binding or cover and you must impose this sarne condition on any acquirer.

Photocopying The Publisher grants permission for the photocopying ofthose pages marked

"photocopiable" according to the following conditions. Individual purchasers may make copies for their own use or for use by classes that they teach. School purchasers may make copies for use by staffand students, but this permission does not extend to additional schools or branches.

Under no circumstances may any part ofthis book be photocopied for resale. Any websites referred to in this publication are in the public domain and thefu addresses are provided by Oxford University Press for information only. Oxford University Press disclaims any responsibility for the content. Executive Publishing Manager: Stephanie Karras Managing Editor: Sharon Sargent Development Editors: Glenn Mathes II, Bruce Myint, Katie La Stoda Associate Development Editors: Olga Christopoulos, Hannah Ryu, Meredith Stoll Design Manager: Maj-Brift Hagsted Project Manager: Allison Harm Senior Designers: Stacy Merlin, Michael Steinhofer Designer: Jaclyn Srnith Senior Production Artist: Julie Armstrong Production Layout Artist: Colleen Ho Cover Design: Stacy Merlin Senior Image Editor: Justine Eun Image Editors: Robin Fadool, Fran Newman, Jenny Vainisi Manufacturing Manager: Shanta Pe$aud

Manufactudng Controller: Eve Wong Translated by: Techno-Graphics & Translations, Inc. rsBN:978 0 79 474070 4

Printed in Hong Kong

109876543

'Ihe OPD team thanks the following artists for their storyboarding and sketches: Cecilia Aranovich, Chris Brandt, Giacomo Ghiazza, Gary Goldstein, Gordan Kljucec, Vincentlucido, and :

Glennudeta

IJlustrationsby: Lori Anzalone: 13,70-77,76-77; Joe "Fearless" Arenella/lMill Sumpter: 178; Argosy Publishing: 66-67 (cal1-outs), 98-99, 108-109, 112-113 (call-outs),7i2,128, 193, 194-195, 796,797,205; BarbaraBastian:4,15, 77,20-27,162 (map), 798,216-217 (mapl,220-227;Philip Batini/AA Reps: 50; Thomas Bayley/Sparks Literary Agenry: 158-159; Sally Bensusen: 211, 214; Annie Bissett: 112; Peter Bollinger/Shannon Associates: 14-15; Higgens Bond/Anita Grien: 226; Molly Borrnan-Pullman: 776,117: Jim Fanning/Ravenhill Represents: 80-81; Mike Gardner: 10, 72,17,22, 732,774-775, 742-143,174,279,228-229i Garth Glazier/AAReps: 106,118-119; Dennis Godfrey/ Mike Wepplo: 204; Steve craham:124--125,224; Graphic Map & Chart Co.: 2OO-201, 202-203; Julia Green/Mendola Art: 225; clenn custafson:9,27 , 48,76,700,707, 777,132,133, 136, 155, 161, 179, 196; Barbara Harmon: 272-273,215; Ben Hasler/ NB Illustration: 94-95, 101, 148-'149,172, 782,186-187; Betsy Hayes: 134, 138-139; Matthew Holmes: 75; Stewart Holmes/Illusffation Ltd.: 192; Janos Jantner/Beehive Illustration: 5, 13,82-83, 722-L23,130-131, 14G147,76+76s,184,185; KenJoudrey/ Munro Campagna: 52, 68-69, 777,2}8-209iBob Kaganich/Deborah Wolfe: 10,4047, 121; Steve Karp: 230, 231; Mike Kasun/Munro Campagna: 218; Graham Kennedy: 27; Marcel Laverdet/AA Reps: 23; Jeffrey Lindbetg:33,4243,92-93,733,160-767, L7U777,176; Dennis Lyall/Artworks: 198; Chris Lyons:/Lindgren & Smith: 173, 191; Alan Male/Artworks: 210, 21 1; Jeff Mangiat/Mendola Art: 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 66-67; Adrian Mateescu[he Studio: 188-189, 232-233; Karen Minot: 28-29; Paul MirochaEhe Wiley Group: 794,276-217:Peter Miserendino/P.T. Pie lllustrations: 198; Lee Montgomeryfilustation Ltd.: 4; Roger Motzkus: 229; Laurie O'Keefe: 111, 276-277iDafielO'LearyElustration Ltd.: 8-9, 26,3+35,78,735,136-737,238; Vilma .Ortiz-Dillon: 16,20-27,60, 98-99, 100, 211; Terry Pazcko: 46-4^7,744-745,152, 180, 227; David Preissf{unro Campagna: 5; Pronk & Associates: 192-193; Tony Randazzo/ AA Reps: 156,23+235: Mike Renwick/Creative Eye: 126-727i Mark Riedy/Scott Hull Associates: 48-49 ,79, 14O,1 53; Jon Rogers/AA Reps: 1 12; Jeff Sanson/Schurnann & Co.: 84-85, 240-241; David Schweitzer/Munro Campagna: 162-163; Ben Shannon/ Magnet Reps: 11, 64-65, 90, 91, 96, 97,766-767,168-169, 179, 239; Reed Sprunger/ Jae Wagoner Artists Rep.: 78-79,232-233i Studio LiddelVAA Reps: 27; Angelo Tillary: 1 08-1 09; Ralph Voltz/Deborah Wolfe: 50-5 1, 728-729, 747, 754, 77 s, 236-237, JeffWack/Mendola Art: 24, 25, 86-87,702-103,134-135, 231; Brad Walker: 104-10s, 1 50-1 5 1, 757, 206-20T i W endy Wassink: 1 1 0-1 1 1 ; John Whitefhe Neis Group: 1 99; Eric Wilkerson: 32, 138; Simon WilliamsfllustrationLtd,.:2-3,6-7,30-31, 36, 38-39, 4445,72-73i Lee Woodgate/Eye Candy Illustration:222-223: Andy Zito:62-23; Craig Zuckerman: 14, 88-89, 712-113, 120-721, 794-795. Chapter icons designed by Von Glitschka/Scott Hull Associates

Aftby AJBB[llustration Ltd (hummingbird, branch); Paul Mirochafihe Wiley Group (cherry); Mark Riedy/Scott Hull Associates (stamp); 9 Sudstudios (iettering).

Cover

Studio photogaphy for Oxford University Press done by Dennis Kitchen Studio: 37, 67, 72,

7

3,

7 4, 7

5, 95, 96, 100, 180, 187, 783, 226.

StockPhotography: Age Fotostock 238 (flute; clarinet; bassoon; saxophone;

violin; cello;

bass;guitar; trombone;trumpet: xylophone; hatrmonica); Comstock,6l (window); Morales, 221 (bat); Franco Pizzochero, 98 (cashmere); Thinkstock, 61 (sink); Alamy: Corbis, 61 (table); Gary Crabbe, 220 (park langer); The Associated Press: 198 (strike; soldiers in trench); Joe Rosenthal, 198 (Iwo Jirna); Neil Armshong, 198 (Buzz Aldrin on Moon); CORBIS: Philip Gould, 198 (Civilwar); Photo Library 220 (Yosemite Falls); Danita Delimont: GregJohnston, 220 (snorkeling); Jamie & Judy Wild, 220 (El Capitan); Getty Images: 198 (Martin Luther King, Jr.); Amana Images, 61 (soapy plates), The Granger Collection: 198 (Jazz Age); The lmage Works: Kelly Spranger, 220 (sea turtle); Inmagine: 238 (oboe; tuba; French horn; piano; drums; tambourine; accordion); istockphoto: 61 (oven), 98 (silk), 99 (suede; lace; velvet); Jupiter Images: 61 (tiles); 98 (wool); 99 (corduroy); Foodpix, 98 (linen); Rob MelnychulqBrand X Pictures, 61 (glass shower door); JupiterUnlimited: 220 (seagulls); 238 (electric keyboard); Comstock, 99 (denim); Mary Evans Picture Ubrary: 198 (women in factory); NPS Photo: PeterJones, 221 (Carlsbad Cavern entrance; touq cavern; spelunkerh Oceanwidelmages.com: Galy BeIl, 220 (coral); Photo Edit,Inc: DavidYoung-Wolff,220 (trail); Picture History: 198 (Hiram Rhodes); Robertstock: 198 (creat Depression); Funchstock 98 (t-shirt), Robert clusic, 31 (MonumentValley); Roland Corporation: 238 (organ); Superstock: 99 (leather); 198 (Daniel Boone); Shutterstock: Marek Szumlas, 94 (watch); United States Mint: 126; Veer: Brand X Pictures, 220 (deer); Photodisc, 220 (black bear); Yankee Reet, Inc.: 220 (FortJefferson; Yankee Freedom Ferry), Ernil von Maltitzpime Photo, 37 (baby carrier).

This second edition

of

the Oxford Picture Dictionary is lovingly dedicated to the memory of Norma Shapiro. Her ideas, her pictures, and her stories continue to teach, inspire, and delight.


I Rcknowledgments The publisher and authors would like to acknowledge the following individuals for their invaluable feedback during thb development of this program:

Houston, TX

Druci J. Diaz, Hillsborough County Public Schools, Tampa, FL

Robert Hearst, Truman College, Chicagq lL

Joseph

Marion Donahue, San Dieguito Adult

Dr. Macarena Aguilar, Cy-Fair College,

Center, Coconut Creek, FL

School, Encinitas, CA

Patty Heiser, University of Washington, 5eattle, WA

Stacy Antonopoulos, Monterey Trail

High School, Elk Grove, CA

Nick Doorn, lnternational Education Services, South Lyon, Ml

Joyce Hettiger, Metropolitan Education District, 5an Jose,,CA

Carol Antunanq The English Center, irtiami, FL

Mercedes Douglass, Seminole Community College, Sanford, FL

Katen Hirsimaki, Napa Valley Adult School, Napa, CA

lmra Arencibia, Thomas A. Edison khool, Union City, NJ

Jenny Elliott, Montgomery College, Rockville, MD

Marvina Hooper,

Suzi Austin, Alexandria City Public khool Adult Program, Alexandria, FL

Paige Endo, Mt. Diablo Adult Education, Concord, CA

Katie Hurter, North Hanis College,

Patricia S. Bell, LakeTechnical Center,

Megan Ernst, Glendale Community

Nuchamon James, Miami Dade

Eustis, FL

College, Glendale, CA

College, Miami,

Jim Brice, San Diego Community College District, San Diego, CA

Elizabeth Escobar, Robert.Waters

Linda Jennings, Montgomery College, Rockville, MD

F.

Anselme, Atlantic Technical

School, Union City,

Phil Cackley, Arlington Education and Employment Program (REEP), Arlington, VA

Joanne Everett, Dave Thomas Education Center, Pompano Beach, and Employment Program Arlington, VA

Sandra Cancel, Robert Waters School, Union City, NJ

Judy Farron, Fort Myers Language

Anne Marie Caney, Chula Vista Adult

Sharyl Ferguson, Montwood High School, El Paso,TX

khool,

Chula Vista, CA

FL

(REEP),

Center, Fort Myers, FL

NJ

Paohui Lola Chen, Milpitas Adult khool, Milpitas, CA

Nancy Frampton, Reedley College,

lori Cisneros, Atlantic

Lynn A. Freeland, San Dieguito Union High School District, Encinitas, CA

Ft Lauderdale,

Reedley, CA

Vo-Tech,

FL

loyce Clapp, Hayward Adult School, l-hyward, CA

FL

Cathy Gample, San Leandro Adult School, San Leandro, CA

Education Center, Garden Grove, CA Fayne B. Johnson, Broward County Public Schools, Fort Lauderdale, FL

Stavroula Katseyeanis, Robert Waters School, Union City,

Osmara Lopez, Bronx Community College, Bronx, NY

Heather Lozanq North Lake College, lrving, TX

Betty Lynch, Arlington Education and Employment Program (REEP), Arlington, VA Meera Madan, REID Park Elementary School, Charlotte, NC

Bonnie Boyd Johnson, Chapman

Dr. Monica Fishkin, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL

Patricia Castro, Harvest English

lnstitute, Newark,

Lake Technical

Houston, TX

Jennifer Fadden, Arlington Education

Frieda Caldwell, Metropolitan Adult frucation Program, San Jose, CA

Luz M. Lopez, Sweetwater Union High School District, Chula Vista, CA

Center, Eustis, FL

NJ

Renata Lima, TALK lnternational School of Languages, Fort Lauderdale, FL

NJ

Dale Keith, Broadbase Consulting, lnc. at Kidworks USA, Miami, FL Blanche Kellawon, Bronx Community College, Bronx, NY

Mary Kernel, Migrant Education

lvanna Mann Thrower, Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools, Charlotte, NC

Michael

R. Mason, Loma Vista

Adult

Center, Concord, CA

Holley Mayville, Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools, Charlotte, NC

Margaret McCabe United Methodist Cooperative Ministries, Clearwater, FL Todd McDonald, Hillsborough Adult Education, Tampa, FL Nancy A. McKeand, E5L Consultant, 5t. Benedict, LA Rebecca L. McLain, Gaston College, Dallas, NC

Regional Office, Northwest Educational Service District, Anacortes, WA

John M. Mendoza, Redlands Adult

Karen Kipke, Antioch High School Freshman Academy, Antioch, TN

Bet Messmer, Santa Clara Adult Education Center, Santa Clara, CA

Jody Kirkwood,

Christina Morales,

ABC

School, Redlands, CA

Adult School,

BEGIN Managed

Cenitos, CA

Programs, NewYork, NY

5tacy Clark, Arlington Education and Employment Program (REEP), Arlington, VA

Hillary Gardner, Center for lmmigrant Education and Training, Long lsland City, NY

Matthew Kogan, Evans Community Adult School, Los Angeles, CA

Lisa Munoz, Metropolitan Education

llancy

Martha

lneza Kuceba, Renton Technical College, Renton, WA

Mary Murphy-Clagett, Sweetwater

B. Crowell, Southside Programs

for Adults in Continuing Education, Prince George, VA

Doroti da Cunha, Hialeah-Miami

Mult Education Center, Miami,

Lakes

FL

C.

Giffen, Alhambra Unified

School District, Alhambra, CA

Jill Gluck, Hollywood Community Adult School, Los Angeles, CA Carolyn Grimaldi, LaGuardia

District, san.Jose, CA Union High School District, Chula Vista, CA

John Kuntz, California State University, San Bernadino, San Bernadino, CA

Jonetta Myles, Rockdale County High School, Conyers, GA

Paula Da Silva-Michelin, La Guardia Community College, Long lsland City, NY

Community College,

Claudia Kupiec, DePaul University,

Marwan Nabi, Troy High School,

Long lsland City, NY

Chicago, lL

Fullerton, CA

Cynthia L. Davies, Humble

Concord, CA

1.5.D.,

Humble, TX

William Gruenholz,

USD

Adult School,

E.C. Land, Southside Programs

for

Adult Continuing Education, Prince George, VA

Dr. Chtistine L. Nelsen, Salvation Army Community Center, Tampa,

FL

Betty Lau, Franklin High School,

Michael W. Newman, Arlington Education and Employment Program

Center, San Jose, CA

Sandra G. Gutierrez Hialeah-Miami Lakes Adult Education Center, Miami, FL

Seattle, WA

(REEP),

Beverly De Nicola, Capistrano Unified khool District, San Juan

Conte G{zman-Hoffman, Triton College, River Grove, lL

Patt Lemonie, Thomas A. Edison School, Union City, NJ

Rehana Nusrat, Huntington Beach Adult School, Huntington Beach, CA

Amanda Harllee, Palmetto High School, Palmettq FL

Lia Lerner, Burbank Adirlt School,

Cindy Oakley-Paulik, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical U niversity, Daytona

Mercedes Hearn, Tampa Bay Technical

Krystyna Lett, Metropolitan Education

Center, Tampa, FL

District, San Jose, CA

Christopher Davis, Overfelt Adult

Gpistrano,

CA

Beatriz Diaz, Miami-Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL

Burbank, CA

Arlington,

Beach, FL

VA


I

I Acknowledqments IJ

Janet Ochi-Fontanott, Sweetwater Union High School District,

Lorraine Romero, Houston Community College, Houston, TX

Ruth Sutton,Township High School District 113, Highland Park, lL

Chula Vista, CA

Eric Rosenbaum, BEGIN Managed Programs, NewYork, NY

Alisa Takeuchi, Chapman Education Center, Garden Grove, CA

Blair Roy, Chapman Education Center, Garden Grove, CA

Grace Tanaka, Santa Ana College

Lorraine Pedretti, Metropolita

n

Education District, San Jose, CA lsabel Pena, BE/ESL Programs, Garland, TX

Margaret Perry, Everett Public

Arlene R. Schwartz, Broward Community Schools,

Schools, Everett, WA

Fort Lauderdale,

Dale Pesmen, PhD, Chicago, lL

Geraldyne Blake Scott, Truman

Cathleen Petersen, Chapman Education Center, Garden Grove, CA

Allison Pickering, Escondido Adult School, Escondido, CA Ellen Quish, LaGuardia Community College, Long lsland City, NY Teresa Reen, lndependence Adult Center, San Jose, CA

Kathleen Reynolds, Albany Park Community Center, Chicago, lL Melba l. Rillen, Palmetto High School, Palmetto, FL

FL

College, Chicago, lL

FL

Desiree Wesner, Robert Waters School, Union City, NJ

Annalisa Te, Overfelt Adult Center, San Jose, CA

David Wexler, Napa Valley Adult School, Napa, CA

Don Torluemke, South Bay Adult School, Redondo Beach, CA

Cynthia Wiseman, Borough of Manhattan Community College,

University,

Tara Vasquez, Robert Waters School,

San Jose, CA

Union City, NJ Nina Velasco, Naples Language

Janet Setzekorn, United Methodist Cooperative Ministries, Clearwater, FL

Center, Naples, FL

Terry Shearer, EDUCALL Learning Services, Houston, TX

Theresa Warren, East Side Adult Center, San iose, CA

Elisabeth Sklar,Township High School District 113, Highland Park, lL

Lucie Gates Watel, Truman College, Chicago, lL

Robert Stein,

Wendy Weil, Arnold Middle School,

BEGIN Managed Programs, NewYork, NY

Dr. Carole Lynn Weisz, Lehman College, Bronx, NY

School of Continuing Education,

Maliheh Vafai, Overfelt Adult Center,

Dr. Cheryl J. Serrano, Lynn Boca Raton,

Fort Lauderdale, FL

Santa Ana, CA

School Antioch,TN

Sharada sekar, Antioch High Freshman Academy,

Patricia Weist, TALK I nternational School of Languages,

New York, NY

Debbie Cullinane Wood, Lincoln Education Center, Garden Grove, CA Banu Yaylali, Miami Dade College,

Miami,

FL

Hongyan Zheng, Milpitas Adult Education, Milpitas, CA Arlene Zivitz,

ESOL Teacher,

Jupiter,

FL

Cypress, TX

The publisher, authors, and editors would like to thank the following people for their expertise in reviewing specific content areas:

Medford, MA

Jill A, Horohoe, Arizona State University,Tempe, AZ

Dr. Susan Rouse, Southern Wesleyan University, Central, 5C

William J. Hall, M.D. FACP/FRSM (UK), Cumberland Foreside, ME

Phoebe B. Rouse, Louisiana State Universitt Baton Rouge, LA

Dr. lra M. Sheskin, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL

Ross Feldberg, Tufts University,

The publisher would like to thank the following for their permission to reproduce copyrighted material: p.26: Penny, nickel, dime, quarterdollar, half-dollar, and dollar coin images from the United States Mint. pp. 125, 1 34-1 35: U.5. Postal Service Priority Mail Logo, Express Mail Logo, Certified Mail, Ready Pack Packaging, Letter Carrier Uniform, Postal Clerk Uniform, Automated Postal Center, Round Top Collection Mailbox, and Lady Liberty Stamp lmage are trademarks and copyrighted material ofthe United States Postal Service and are used with permission. I

I

I

I

I

I

t_"

p. 152: Metrocard is an MTA trademark and is used with permission. p. 152: Metro token for L.A.'s bus and rail system used with Permission.

p.229: Little League used courtesy of Little

League@ Baseball and Softball.

p. 231: Frisbee', a registered trademark of Wham-0, lnc.

Maiko Tomizawa, D.D.S., New York, NY


Table of Contents lntroduction

LlL

IX_XI

1. Everyday Language 4J"dl git'rt1 i;1 MeetingandGreetingi.JlreGlll . PerSOnal lnfOrmatiOn a+-i,i d,l- J* School

.....2-3 ....4 ......5 ... .6-7 . . . .8-9 . .10 . . . . . .1 . .. . .12 . . . . .13

i*rill.

AClassroomGJl StudYing

6FS.

a*lrJ!.

Succeeding in School 4-J$l i CI+JI A Day at School cfJilt eCl.

EverydayConversation s-r:J!

Weather,J*ujl . TheTelephong oli"'$l Numbers:l.r)t .

.

1

'"'Jbll.

/.jiUl .

Measurementso+[iJl .:!:ll. The Calendar ercll

.14-15

. . . .16 ""...".17

Time

Calendar Events

i--lJl

Prepositions +lr

:l;cYl.

c$Yl,i^,

DescribingThings

ColorscrljYl

diL-lsll3

.

ir-p

MoneYrriJl. ShoPPing,-lr-:ll . Same and Different !tiit.i:..u

2.

People

;Ux,,.Uu,"

crt':tt

AdultsandChildren Jul)lr:L6ll

,: r. *Jl,; DescribingHair r. FamiliesdrxUl .

.

..

Childcare and Parenting

DailyRouting5

+,'ijjl

JLc)l

Life Events and Documents aJ!-lt 6:Ujtr

Feelings..,+*Li. A Family Reunion ;'l-Yl

di.-,.i

o+L':. stlsyt

At-+l.

Jjdl .

FindingaHome Jji"dl.."'-,'1. Apartments ,ii*ill. . DifferentPlacestolive ,JSJlijlli-i.Ft A House and Yard

oliA_r

AKitchen eil*ll. . A Dining Area el-!l

cjj!.

.32

"...33

ctJlil ,r':, .)u-t!l

4i.rCl

.30-31

..

Describing People g"tll

The Home

18-19

. . .20-21 . . . .22 ...23 ......24 . . .25 ......26 ....27 . . .29_29

...34-35

... . .. ..

. .".. i. .

i'i;e AlivingRoom(iiJl)crAlli.aJ6. ../.;. A Bathroom il"^-u. A Bedroom r:Jl i-a-,' TheKids'Bedroom Ju-tYlpr43f HouseworkaJjiJl cJLeYl Cleaning Supplies -ir$'::11 ol3:i HouseholdProblemsandRepairs ks)-lrJiiJlcjsl,i. TheTenant Meeting .rt+L 'Jl tt:+l

.36-37 .38-39 .40_41

.42-43 .44-45

.46-47

.48-49 .50-51

. " . . . . .52 . . . .53 . . . .54 . . . .55 .....56 . . .57 . . .58 ...... "59 ... "..60 . . .61 . . . : . . . . .62-63 . .64-65


I Cont"nt5 c-rlFJl Back from the Market cjrJt cr.

Fruit4esllll Vegetables ,:lr

i.rjJl.

.

...68 . . .69 ......70 . . . .71 . .72-73 . . . . . .74 . . . . . .75

!:ilt

MeatandPoultryg;ljJlje_nllt . Seafood and Deli ;rd a.'.Ui, q5,ft cr)jsiJl A Grocery Store a$Jl

"

J*. .

ContainersandPackaging ++l'j-rc,!:L.

.

WeightsandMeasurements;r.:l!Jlj,.1l-.13)l Food Preparation and Safety 4i-\r elJll Kitchen Utensils g+ul c.lj.ri.

. +;sl .

.76-77

. . . .78 ......79 . .80-81

FastFoodRestauranti!!1 orrill

-.t^ .. i^11! .'&,J etJll A Restaurant -l^ . . The Farmers'Market .r*',,lyll c!rA Coffee Shop Menu

5.

.66*67

.

.82-83 .84-85

.

.86-87

.

.92-93 .94-95

Clothing cr+)Ul Everyday Clothes +rCl u*.)^ll Casual,Work,andFormal ClothesdiJl o!)-re+*-rll-r4+*-Jl J..no+)-.l1

SeasonalClothing{.^dlo+>-Jl . UnderwearandSleepwear,.ll u,J.ri.:JilJl .*r)-ll Workplace Clothing LJJI rrls^ ua)-. Shoes and Accessories crlrl-"-,,slr

DescribingClothesgs)-ll

ri-3

.

lii . "

Making Clothes e*)Jl eiMaking Alterations +$llcJ:u:. Doing the Laundry ga)rJl$e A Garage Sale cJ-ti"lt elii ; ,l qr',,^ll le-i,ill r$Yl

......88-89 ......90 .......91 .....96-97 .. . ...

6,

.98-99 . . 100 . . 101

102-103

6. Health is,alt The Body l*+tt lnside and Outside the Body !+-,1-ll: I,J:l$l i..+l! ot:ci Personal Hygiene :r' ^:. '-ll a3unll .

Symptomsandlnjuries6L1-lraa'-22 obl)ei lllnessesandMedical Conditions 4++.tciYlsrgJlr".

APharmacy+J.:-.

Taking Care of Your Health ,rlr-. i irlsJt Medical Emergencies ijJ[:.#t d,Yt- .

FirstAid4+lrisbl-l Medical Care 4isll AJ"LeJJI Dental (2ps gE "')l L"bt . Hospital ,ri.uJl A Health Fair i*lt L-Fy.

VI

.

1

.

04-1 05

106-107 108-109

.. .....110 . . . . .111 .... 112-113 114-115

. . 116 ...117 . . . .118 . 1 19 120-12i 122-123


al+ri=^lt Contents

I

7. Commu Downtown4+.ll City Streets i+u.ll

J.-r 3rl_i*

Anlntersectionc!-AclGl. A Mall (.Jr^),f:t r 5,r TheBankq-iJ"Jt/c$t .

....

124_125

...

126_127

"

1pg12g 130-131

...

Thelibraryijs.ll.. The Post Office +:+.I1,.,'i(o.

.132

...133

Department of MotorVehicles (DMV) +;J)r otr<lr cjj+.,i i;h Government and Military Service 4iJs*ll LrJtr Lrs-ll . Civic Rights and Responsibilities +rJt drlrltllr,jriJl. .

ThelegalSystemdgitillrt.Ljll. ..... Crime a+>ll PublicSafetyLlJlL)ut

Emergencies and Natural Disasters 4+,++tlt eiJtrsll: Gtt_.rtt! d,yL Emergency Procedures ir-,1-1tl1 di)ls ; i*nJl d"tetj+yt.

Community Cleanup C.i+.ll i3U;i sle

ilnul

B4-135

....

136-137 13g_139

.

140

..141 . .142 .....i43 . 144-145 . . . . 146-147 . . 14g-14g

9. _rreJ:pprtetiql tYte{lq Basic Transportation

4+! i!L*)l JElt Otr.

PublicTransportation

.lJlJijll

Prepositions of Motion isJJL Traffic Signs -23;*Jt .:Ei).

itl.iJl >ll

....

DirectionsandMapsJ;l;jol.rl^i'11

sl:!-

Cars and Trucks drL-L,ir

Buying and Maintaining a Car irrl

ofa Car ;:!- J!; An Airport Ju...

. .152 . . . . ]53 . . . i54 ......,'55

d:>

,,

i:lr;,

ot_ri

.

.

el,6

Parts

156

. . 157 l5g_159 160-161

TakingaTripaLrdJiJl

".

rc2-163

9. Work dtgjt The Workplace J-Jl gls"

Jobs and Occupations Jobs and Occupations Jobs and Occupations Jobs and Occupations Job Skills 4+-F d,lJk-

164-165

A-C c,'g--l -intl:

166

C-H ,.X+: eiil.t3 H-P r:x-3 riilJo3

168

167

P-W O*--r ri:lJ"3

169 170

office skills , ,1<" j Jd (atJLeCareer Planning ;J;r Jr ,,J L.rLrrli

171 172

Job Search 4+L-i cp ,',-rll

lnterview Skills

:;

-,'Jt

dJ\tiJ

173 L_J-Llt dJtJLett

A Factory cr* " . Landscaping and Gardening a,i*"Jlr ++tll J,LtiJt Farming and Ranching ,ll-1nJl 4rJir:.elJjJl

Construction

175

e-dl .

176

.

177

oEJl.

Job Safety giJl oL{.

178

; u:tJl

Tools and Building Supplies rQJl

An Office

174

.

rlj.j cil_e.ri

. 17g 80-1 81 1 82-1 83 184

.

1

tl

,,,1<"

A Hotel 6ss.

FoodService

e[d$L.!i

A Bad Day at Work

aJ-..It

os e.,--

lri

."

. .lg5 11g6-1rg7

vil


I

Contunt5 r:!;i-,Jl 10.

Areas of Study a*,UJl ilYl+.

. . . 188-189 . . . 190-191 ....192-193

Schools and Subjects 4-l;:ll .rl-e^3 "*Jl-. English Composition .:'d+yl iilltJ er-i)l

Mathematicsc,!,;!_'lt Sciencee:ul . Computers (+_rt-tt; je+sll The lnternet (adJl ciu JJI ;<1 L) dlJij)l

.lg4-195

U.S.History+SyYl6\-1^lleLYil&:E.. JtJleJE. North America and Central America Ailr a*.lu;It t<rr^i WorldMaP Culnh;. Geography and Habitats i'r--,+t d,li:,r SlA. The Universe o-:sll A Graduation 6ii:llili-. WorldHistory

11.

Plants and Anim6l5 Nature Center l++ut

crUlrrs"

".198

. . . . .199 . 2OO-201 . . . 202-203 . . . . . 204 ' ' 205 206-207

g ci^3lj

jsJ*.

TreesandPlantscrEL":-rl+.li

. . .196 , . 197

..

Flowers -;9-;.. Marine Life, Amphibians, and Reptiles , i-l-ril-9 diJ:. uJClr ar F+ll eli-Yl. Birds, lnsects, and Arachnid5 o1=s "s-i,,llj nl "i-llr Jr*tll Domestic Animals and Rodents .r:l:ill_r li,l. !t cUtr*tt Mammals ,-!1+-$ll . Energy and Conservul;gn !';rtll r;l-eJl l^;-, i-gll"ll . U.5. National Parks i*s.-r)l LlJl olajii"llr dilisll

. 209_2Og ......210 ....211 212-213

. . . 214 . . . 2:|5 .... .

2j6-217 218-219 220-221

12. Recreation pl4!*jl Places to Go ;,r!-rll

,$t-i. .

The Park and Playground

TheBeach +1;l1

cJtj-tYl

. 222-223 . . . . . 224 . ..225 . . . . 226 . . . . 227 ....228 .....229 . . 230

','.Lr i.irill

.

Outdoor Recreation 4'+tll ,+ el "r1.")l cJ.L--r . Winter and Water Sports as. l-r o+-r* 4+;1+J ql-li lndividual Sports:e:ya.';t;: -r-li..

TeamSportsa+tt-+a+;!:-l,li Sports Verbs L!-l! iiLi^ i[-ii

..

Sports Equipment i*l.t drl:*" Hobbies and Games uf-Ji3 cr!19 Electronics and Photography ;l:Jl crlrrir +rrlsll

e+-!-r 4JJ . . Music,r4;-r. HolidaYs:l;c)l A Birthday Party r5:;c ali'

Entertainment

Verb Guide s!*)l g!.1.r How to Use the lndex

Jil'^'i-l

4ii5

"*-,+ilt Englishlndexg-;.1+tc.r"*g Geographical lndex ,/l-r'+.r-,re Arabic lndex 6-r cr,xs. ResearchBibliographydiL-)J:-.,;*

VIII

.23"1

;j<+i

...

232-233 234*235 236-237

......238 . . . .239 240-241

. . . 242-244 . . . . . . 245 ....246-281 . . 282-284 285-304

....305


Teaching with the Oxford Picture Dictionory Program The following general guidelines will help you prepare single and multilevel lessons using the OPD program. For step-by-step, topic-specific lesson plans, see OPD Lesson Plans.

l.

Use Students'Needs to

. r

.

ldentify Lesson Objectives

Create communicative objectives based on your learners' needs assessments (see OPD 2e Assessment Program). Make sure objectives state what students will be able to do at the end of the lesson. For example: Students will be able to respond to basic classroom commands and requests for clqssroom objects. (pp.6-7, A Classroom) For multilevel class'es, identify a low-beginning, highbeginning, and low-intermediate objective for each topic.

2. Preview the Topic ldentify what your students already know about the topic.

r r . 3.

Ask general questions related to the topic. Have students list words they know from the topic. Ask questions about the picture(s) on the page.

Research shows that it is best to present no more than 5-7 new words at a time. Here are a few presentation techniques:

r r r

o

word and describe it within the context of the picture. Have volunteers act out verbs and verb sequences.

Say each new

Use Total Physical Response commands to build vocabulary comprehension.

For long or unfamiliar word lists, introduce words by categories or select the words your students need most. Ask a series of questions to build comprehension and give students an opportunity to say the new words. Begin with yes/no questions: ls #16 chalk? Progress to or questions: /s #l6chalkora marker? Finally, askWh- questions: Whatcan I use to write on this paperT Focus on the words that students want to learn. Have them write 3-5 new words from each topic, along with meaning clues such as a drawing, translation, or sentence.

More vocabulary and Grammar Point sections provide additional presentation opportunities (see p. 5, School). For

multilevel presentation ideas, see OPD

4.

Practice

The exercise bands at the bottom ofthe topic pages provide a variety of guided and communicative practice opportunities and engage students' higher-level thinking.

6. Provide

More Practice

OPD Second Edition offers a

variety of components to facilitate vocabulary acquisition. Each of the print and electronic materials listed below offers suggestions and support for single and multilevel instruction. OPD Lesson Plans Step-by-step multilevel lesson plans feature 3 CDs with multilevel listening. context-based pronunciation practice, and leveled reading practice. lncludes multilevel teaching notes for The OPD Reading Library. OPD Audio CDs or Audio Cassettes Each word in OPD3 word list is recorded by topic.

Low-Beg in ni ng, H i g h-Begin ning, and Low-l ntermed iate

Present the NewVocabulary

r

5. Provide Guided and Communicative

Lesson Plans.

Check Comprehension Make sure that students understand the target vocabulary. Here are two activities you can try: Say vocabulary words, and have students point to the correct items in their books. Walk around the room, checking if students are pointing to the correct pictures.

Make true/false statements about the target vocabulary. Have students hold up two fingers for true, three for false.

Workbooks Guided practice for each page in OPD features linked visual contexts, realia, and listening practice. Classic Classroom Activities A photocopiable resource of interactive multilevel activities, grammar practice, and communicative tasks. The OPD Reading

Library

Readers include civics, academic

content, and workplace themes. Overhead Tronsparencies Vibrant transparencies help to focus students on the lesson. OPD Presentotion Software A multilevel interactive teaching tool using interactiye whiteboard and LCD technology.

Audio, animation, and video instructional support bring each dictionary topic to life. The OPD CD-ROM An interactive learning tool featuring fourskill practice based on OPD topics.

Bilinguol Editions

OPD is available in numerous bilingual editions including Spanish, Chinese, Vietnamese, Arabic,

Korean, and many more.

My hope is that OPD makes it easier for you to take your learners from comprehension to communication. Please share your thoughts with us as you make the book your own.

ww*

Jayme Adelson-Goldstei n

OPDteam.us@oup.com


The second edition of the Oxford Picture Dictionory expands on the best aspects of the 1998 edition with: e New artwork presenting words within meaningful, real-life contexts o An updated word list to meet the needs of today's English language learners n 4,000 English words and phrases, including 285 verbs

c 40 new topics with

*

12 intro pages and 12 story pages

Unparalleled support for vocabulary teaching Subtopics present the words in easy-to-learn'thunksj'

A Bus Stop

A Subway Station

a

YUS l0lodhboud lMair Elm oak

i i

6:00 â&#x201A;Ź.l-6::L:lX ,i 6:30 6.40 6:43 7:00::::.i86::::::?il+.::

Color coding and icons make it easy to navigate through oFD.

.!:0, l:40

o

7:43

__--

,,

'@:*arr.*rei::

ff 1. bus route

3. rider

2. fare

4. schedule

A Train

5, transfer

Station

turnstile

6. subway car

8.

7. platform

9. vending machine t l. fare card

Airport Transportation

New art and rich contexts ^J!s H at

improve vocabulary acquisition. ,

L-l

Ye,ffi

ms $&,m 684:11m03

B0$tm

:t

l;"_difus s wqrJDl

mk.

'

Revised practice activities help

l.

students frorn low-beginning through lowintermediate levels.

ffiffi 15. ticket

'18. taxi stand

2'1. taxi driver

13, conductor

16. one-way trip

19. shuttle

22. taxi license

14. track

17. round trip

20. town car

23. meter

12. ticket window

More votabulary

Ask your classiratos. Share the answeB.

hail a taxi: to raise your hand to get a taxi miss the bus: to get.tir the bus sto! after ihe bus leaves

1, ls there a subway system in your city? 2. Do you ever take taxis? When? 3, Do you ever take the bus? Where?

10, token


f"dEc#! lntro pages open each unit

with key vocabulary related to the unit theme. Clear, engaging artwork promotes questions, conversations, and writing practice for all levels.

Each intro page teaches key vocabulary items within the

unit

theme. __j

Practice activities make it easy to manage multilevel classrooms.

I

NEW! Story pages close each unit with a lively scene for reviewing vocabulary and teaching additional language. Meanwhile, rich visual contexts recycle words from the unit.

Pre-reading questions build students' previewing and predicting skills.

Post-reading questions and role-play

activities support

criticalthinking and encourage students to use the language they have learned.

The thematic word list previews words

that students will encounter in the story.


A. Say, "Hello." ".>q-, >toi' ,,$ B. Ask, "How are you?" "fdllL- , :.,<' ,JLl C. lntroduce yourself. .,:t ,;r ":! /

"ilt

D. Smile. .iJidl

E. Hug. F. Wave. .el+

LjrL .,crJJ

e&

Tell your partner what to do. Take turns. 1. Say,

"Hello."

2. Bow. 3. Smile.

4, Shake hands. 5. Wave. 6. Say, Goodbye."


G. Greet people. -Lril -:s

H. Bow.

t. J.

lntroauce

a friend.

.q*,1s Shake hands. .CiLE

K. Kiss. t1'a

L.

Say, "Goodbye.' .tujlJ!

ti L

,

ri,,:i

u'l

il

Ways

to greet people

Ways

to introduce yourself

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

isbm.

Good morning.

I'mTom.

A: Good morning. My name

Good afternoon.

My name isTom.

B: A/ice to meetyou,bm. I'm Sara. A: /Vice to meet you, Sara.

Good evening.

la ! lU VV


A+,4f,j,

CARVOS

.,r\^,.1

.,a*r{g

J!

Filling Out a Form

63ta3*l

O

R' SOT

C. Print your name.

B. Spellyour name.

A. Say your name.

ciLjti

,rl ..

,1

D. Sign your name.

, ,i<l

.,r".,,t g_l

r&

LI

=g

@

â&#x201A;ŹrrJ*tQ . $oto' School Registration Form i*-,,r.1! dh+*i 6;Ld*l 1. name: 3. middle initial

2. first name r i',

!-J)1 JL-l ,e Jdl

gJ9)l zuJl

5. address Jlrill

4. last name

gr.ll

411-11

e-l

6. apartment number aii:ll iEJ

() 7.

8.

city 4+.Jj

Jr

i-61J-

Jl

=iJ.

13. date of birth (DOB)

i:

15. Social Security number

;t"Ji

ZIP code

,c:. Jl *

-!Jlr

12. cell phone number (JGJr) .Ji*Jl J "iJ:ll / .ckJl

,rot "1.Y1

9.

state

ps_.;

17.

male .

.<\

18. female 'il

11. phone number

J"i$l /.-ckJl *.;

14. place of birth

:$1

J)+4]1 eJJLi

16. sex: :tdr

10. area code ill..1^lt clji" / J^J

;1S^

tr 19. signature

I

es" JJl

Pair practice. Make new Gonversations.

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

A: My first name is Carlos. B: Please spell Carlos for me. Az C-a-r-l-o-s

2.

1. Do you like your first name? ls your last name from your mother? father? husband? 3. What is your middle name?


LJI.Jl Gampus :" ,-rdlpF 1. quad

8-x ot'i 2. field ,,,JJl .;.;1

3. bleachers Crl+l!

Administrators

4. principal L_.pJl ;r" / LJ$l J"LU 5. assistant principal ;l$l rcL*

g3x'lhYl

6. counselor

*-)*

7. classroom

^;-n-

,r-l;.:gl-6/,t 8. teacher

&

Around Campus

r-,.11

9. restrooms

tJr.

olu drl;3r

10. hallway .!l-u 1

l.

locker

ijlji 12. main office

r;l:)l

r-nS.

13. clerk

i-

;ur"

7,

14. cafeteria I",J$lS

15. computer lab ,,,,1

-l1e 1-r!io

16. teacher's aide

J*

O-rt'-

17. library a.iS^

18. auditorium

slFt5^.icLq 19. gym

(:!^lt

o-t:; er*jt:^+

20. coach

.:j-

21. track ,

Morevocabulary

'

i

:

Students do not pay !o go to a public,:school. Students pay to go to a private school. A church, mosque, or,,tsrnt1. sehoollis a parochial school. ,

iLJl ,YJ. / 1''Jl

Grammar,Point: contractions of the verb be

He+is=He's is= She's . They + are = They're She +

He's a teacher. She's o caunselor.

They're students.

,1".-b-


li.all

1. chalkboard

r:l2. screen Lt J,ll i-it,i

3. whiteboard rL;u !1 +-

5. student

4. teacher / instructor ."aal*a i ar;:r

6. LCD projector

6;+.:

7. desk

Ull" "

o

8. headphones

tA ijL,i.Jr d"1c ill (,f. .'- 1;Jl)

cJ,L-

/

''i(

..yi; oLcL*

\*:=;': Raise your hand.

B. Talk to the teacher.

D. Stand up.

.ctris eilt

/ e: v/g a:o ")

.\Y

E. Write on the board.

.rii

G. Open your book.

C. Listen to a CD.

.#rc. cs

ei:. .r.i 't

,;1 .+J1 Glc

H. Closeyour book. .cl+us

d$i

e J Ss lt g,ui*l

F. Sit down. / Take a seat. ..r'jL clo Jrgl / .O*l+l

,;,1<l

l.

v

Pick up the pencil.

.,rL-jl

cill .hiitl

J.

Put down the pencil. Jijl ,J,!i

.r*L-ji


c-i,all i.r+s

ABCDEFGHIJ KLiINOP

9- clock

1

:-

13. alphabet

-s

lO. bookcase --<j .iJ

J..1.!

L.rl^illl

olgall

f Z. map

lils

iilJ ej;" .Ljl

21. (pencil) eraser eli

18. chalk

J+r!l 19. eraser 6lsM

20. pencil

.rL-r $ Look at the picture. Describe the classroom. A: There's a chalkboard. B: There are fifteen students.

(tri*jl

Cill) 61-."

22. pen

25. textbook lFlJJA ,'u ,L"i

23. pencil sharpener ,-L--,11 6X)l ;1;a24. marker

$

4ll

,:ll..,i:,_l-S

30. dictionary

S

27. 3-ring binder / notebook 4-lJS / eiUL 3

:! ++-_ir

31. picture dictionary t!* e+*

28. notebook paper ++,_lrll

u:;c

29. spiral notebook

u. US

i-l

16. overhead projector 4+j.lt

26. workbook

-p$

LrLrr

15. computer +_r-L

rir*

14. bulletin board

nh-F

17. dry erase marker r--X

1. chair

RSTUVWXYZ

cji_r_r

Ask your classrnates. Share the answers.

1. Do you like to raise your hand in class? 2. Do you like to listen to CDs in class? 3. Do you ever talk to the teacher?


i*tr.rlt Learning New Words i++

dll-Js C,.i

a. ui*iuq

thin ffir1yo,uoro.

auruiffi ,1 :1 o;;ti; of

8s

@ttr

ther

B. Read the definition. .. ;rr;tt ;yl

A. Look up the word. .i+Jl *! i-I< 6e tjs+l

C. Translate the word. .i-.tsJr

o+j

d D. Check the pronunciation.

.r;!il

F. Draw a picture. .i1 * 6r*11

E. Copy the word. .r."lsll

,re1!,.1

Working with Your Classmates

,

;, tt d

cijt

cl:)-oj

g

6JaJl

:ffi,,

G. Discuss a problem. ils-i^ s"Jau

H. Brainstorm solutions / .JA

;l

.t-*i ,f.i ' r- v,\"rll Working with a Partner v,J!

K. Ask a question.

.)l;+ Os:Al

/

answers.

Ji'*jJl Jsitt lilrti

L. Answer a question. ,\l ill e.-lsgoLr .-.

l.

Work in a group.

.i-r^+ j.J"el

M. Share a book. .LLS l&Erj

J. Help a classmate. ., i' ^tl ;J dL)t"j \i rr.lcl*

N. Dictate a sentence. .i1""' p)J.h

cr.$


1*.,t;St

Following Directions ahl"!,,l!l

f$! t-P-l

-5. Read a

W

How much is the book? a.$99.99

rb.$9.99

Read the

" c.$0.99

pencil.

# tr o. Fill in the blank.

P. Choose the correct answer.

, ,sr) futJl )ljl

Q. Circle the answer.

.ei-Jl aliJl Al

..:lyJt J:- ;,rilr c;

Underline the action. 2.Close the book.

chalk marker

<

1

s. Underline the word. rL:. d '!ijlsll,",-l

.rL,il

pencil chair

-b.

3.G

R- Cross out the word.

:

_a.

1. read 2. write 3. sit

1.Qpen the book.

T. Match the items.

.k;!

C. crt

jsll

c!+t-L

,uJ Gheck the box nextto each action.

ffi

stand

n u paper I pen

,:1.i!1

pen

2. rappe 3. okob

DdDET

ETaxG#

2 J

book

U. Check the correct boxes.

:+.Jl

1. enp

d C+ L)le Cf

V. Label the picture.

.;JJli;

W. Unscramble the words. .nl-l$l

A

X. Put the sentences in order.

.e-Jt

Y. Take out a piece of paper.

:

,:

iJi e_Fi

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

1. Do you like to work in a group? 2. Do you ever share a book? 3. Do you like to answer questions?

book. PiCk:np,the,bosk. Open,the book. Read lhe book.

la11,_i

"+

.J.Jl

e-

Z. Put away your books. .rr'iJl t+itj4 cp J!]S e,. Think about it. Discuss. 1. How can classmates help each other? 2. Why is it important to ask questions in class? 3. How can students check their pronunciation? Explain.

:


i*,,Jr.ll gF C$t Ways to Succeed gt+ill

cJ',t*s

A. Set goals. Lil:ai lrs

B. Participate in class.

E. Pass

F. Ask for help.

C. Take notes.

.'i^\l Cdtl*i

a test.

,''t i.l 9 -i gi ^sil

,o1-.9.r.

D. Study at home.

gjl

.Jj;.ll d

G. Make progress.

H. Get good grades. .; '+: r:rL.-,;r j,p,i

.l-rn .Jis

.6l9LJ1 '!'tLl

JSll

Taking a Test Or'1rY liiill

@

A

9O%-1OO% OutstandinA

Lee, Jung

B

8O%-89% Verrirgood

$sore

D

6O%-69% Barely passin$

c@

8fi140

F 0%-59% Fail 2. answer sheet ciLlr)l i.61y

1. test booklet ,1-1,)l

l.

,,,,ti(

Clear off your desk .,rlji( o tslt ,* tg,^i ,JS dii

-6

-t

l0

4. grades i-tr".iL)G

a-iiill

own.

K. Bubble in the answer.

.a-p-tt iJilJl !,J*df ,,t..l-1.gli

.dr 'i+ $el

cD crD (E

M. Erase the mistake. .i-urtt 6"i

J. Work on your

3. score

4.

L. Check your work. .eILc

arl,.,;

(IS (B

N. Correct the mistake. .it^rt1

gig

O. Hand in your test. .elL.i"l j,iJJ d-

i


s*,,,JJall lJgll

A. Enter the room. .i +-:lt tJ3.rl B. Turn on the lights. .ir'

t ' .lr9)rdkt

rt

C. Walk to class. ., " ^,1 clr

(.Jii4J

D. Run to class. .,

;, ^r1

J1

a.;iaS3l

Lift / Pick up the books. .,,,r(rl .hi:tl F.

Carry the books. .,

G.

/ eiJt

,.i<\l

,-Lrl

Deliver the books. .,.,'i<ll

iL

H. Take a break.

..tlJi-t ri

l. J.

Eat.

i.

Drink. ..ilil

K. Buy a snack.

.ii,ii as;

Ji"6l

L. Have a conversation. .+i.:t*

,5;-s.l

M. Go back to class. .. i ^\t s_ll l.*+tl

N. Throw away trash. .LL"ijl dli

O. Leave the room. .DjssJl llFll

P. Turn off the lights. ._,,1lyYi ;,.i.Li

Grammar Point: present continuous Use be + verb + ing

Look at the pictures. Describe what is happening.

He is walking.They are entering. Note: He is running. They are leaving.

A:

They are entering the room. B: He is walkinq.


,/J*ll d+dl

make smalltalk ,

,.1.1 ,.r

C. compliment someone

1*-i*iAt+ D. offer something

Qj cr*l E. thank someone r.^- u -.1*rl

F. apologize

jiol

G. accept an apology JlrieYl difi H. invite someone l.:-i

l.

.rcll

accept an invitation

;rrr

Ol+lt

J. decline

an invitation

6jc: r-,iri;!

K. agree ,airo

L. disagree liliil M.

explain something

L-i z ":l N. check your understanding e)S!,4.(i aF

qtS"E

More vocabulary request: to ask for something accept a compliment: to thank someone for 12

compliment

Pair practice. Follow the directions. a

I. Start a conversation with your partner. 2. Make small talk with your-partner. 3. Compliment each other.


Lt"illl

AWeather Map

Temperature i;l-sJlL..1.r

qr"iLtl

il3ri;.\;A

1. Fahrenheit cr"\p_.,pi.t;.:

2. Celsius qJq 4+Jr

3. hot JL.

4. warm ,

;t

.

5. cool

J$* 6. cold

l:! 7. freezing 1:+ :_r!

8. degrees

oF:r

9. sunny / clear ;L-

1

/ ,Js,i,"

10. cloudy

I.

raining

A*

12. snowing

iL;

aljlt

LltJi

Weather Condition5 cr"i&ll jt3ni

13. heatwave

16. thunderstorm

19. dust storm

qrc; in*Lc

6_,,1- 4+_r^

14. smoggy

17. lightning

gL:'i g!i* u1i :

15. humid

-L

!'J

i

ci\; Jl r:,1,

2I.

a:rL

23. snowstorm / blizzard

20. foggy

G: 18. windy

q.tr

22. tcy

4+lj aj*-Lt

rl:i +5li ii-te / ,:lilt

hailstorm r_,pil aa

i.!*1-

Wa)rl'to talk about the weather

Pair practice. Make new cohversations.

It's sunny in Dallas.

A: What's

W h at's th e tem

peratu re?

It's 19& They're having a heat wave.

the weather like in Chicago? B: It's raining and itls cold, lt's 3A degrees.

;Liâ&#x201A;ŹLe


gJi*[Jl

/.iit{Jl

PARTS OF A PHONE

Hello? Hello? you hear me?

Can

l.

/ handset lirikll 4e1*J +$l / receiver t

2. cord (J c$l / liilCl

,41

,,

!-iit-dl L"si; 'qJJt /

13. headset ct-5s:tS"+

arSLY

tr J"lj 4tL-

20. lnternet phone call *lt 4+4ll / a.ijla LJS.

.:!r!)l

14

iUJl

4s_.,J

6. star key i*Jt cljL

15. calling card

,"i, a-U-

14. wireless headset

;ts:-S*

rr_.i$ll / qi'ikll li

5. key pad

3. phonejack ;

4. phone line

(ciuts. 4ill) 4.Jriil / i.ii. 1A 4!1Ll

16. access number

.J_r:lt

c:

21. operator Jl iiiJl / all$l

7. pound key

10. charger

$Jlill CtiL

UAT,-X

8. cellular phone g:L ;j .J .* ; "isl / qliA 9. antenna c)lr-rl /.'.t:a

17. answering machine gLJSJI

,rl'

._,ll

J

_tU.

1

1. strong signal

!j;tL,j]J 12. weak signal

iE;;Jtil

19. text message +.-i 4lLJ

18. voice message 4.,i

*

alL-J

22. directory assistance ukitu)l

23. automated phone system

lYt

u,!"\$t / qiilCl eL!'i


OJi*gll / .isLgll

24. cordless phone -SL) ;;slf: /

25. pay phone

(--i '

e-ir:;\a

.re$) ;;;)1, ;ei$ / jlta

26.

TDDX

!^

.!r3'-ff uJ+ / .-rili jk+

irl;!

Reading a Phone Bill O.d*lill /ciiLâ&#x201A;Źll igiG 28. phone bill

32. long distance call i^Jl-: ills-

O,r$ll / qiil-dl ;JriLi

29. area code

4itill

cLG^

27. smartphone Jr 9-5srl / c-i:to

33. country code / j^J

$l

30. phone number aJ -.",!jl / .o$l *,r 31. local call

a+.Jl a..J3.r

B. Press "send".

" ._Jt ,L

Making an Emergency Call iiJt!

,1

91 1.

\rCr(CLt)+:at

,1"

-t

i;

,...,<l

fuLr or

C. Talk on the phone. .J *Jlll / qijlCl j Arrj

D. Hang up.

G. State the emergency.

H. Stay on the line.

/

Press "end". AebJl ,lill

" 't+.1" zUs . *.Sl /

LJS. rt;p!

F. Give your name, .,li*l J6ll/lei

xtelecommunication device for the deaf

L.llS-

rt5!

++J+$ / 4$lA i-Jts.o

A. Dialthe phone number. .J +Ill / -:lkll *t (+-"at) .,rJ.Lt

E. Dial

-x_,r

35. international call

A,L^ aJS^

Making a Phone Call

-x,r

34. city code

.4jJll"ll

illJt

JSlt

..tJl

Glc .rEijl

15


.rl.rcYl

Cardinal Numbers i.,,ta.Jt .rt.pYt 0 zero 20 twenty Ji* 1

2

a.,u-r&

one bl:

21 twenty-one

two

22 twenty-two

g3;*ica

rjsl 3

Ordinal Numbers irr,:;,:tt rtsYt 1 st first 16th

u3J,'Xo_9

three

5

23 twenty-three 24 twenty-four U3J-'i.-J

five

25 twenty-five

i

g;;-':lcy

SiX

ii* seven

iri-

eight

,r+-,i 50 fifty

nine

60 sixty tJJ-

;Jsie

eleven

12 twelve Js 13

ul

thirteen

14 fourteen

;t

a+:i

15 fifteen

Jjo i.*:. 16 sixteen

j"ic ij17 seventeen

Jit i'+18 eighteen

J.ir

4$LJ

19 nineteen

lic A--j

"16

90

19th Js Clsr

r*lJl

4:i,ll

6th sixth

21st

g*.:LJ1

;-9 yjj,Jl3 :s13Jl

7th seventh eu1 8th eighth

30th

20th

fiftieth

1oth

60th

1th

;*ell

tenth

3th

70th

eleventh

80th

twelfth

90th

1,000,000 one million Jr+L

1,000,000,000 one billion

/ 'lrL) ', J \J

i

I

vJ...

ninetieth

; r,"ill

100th

fourteenth

,c

fifteenth

1,000th one thousandth .!i

Osliil

.Pvr',

Roman Numerals

1;-

t-sJtttsYt

l=1

Vll=7

XXX=30

ll =2 lll =3 lV=4 V =5 VI=6

Vlll= 8

XL=40

lX=9 ,X=1,0 XV= 15 XX=20

one hundredth

"i-\1

10,000 ten thousand

.ri : ,r st tuk

eightieth

r.JJ!\al

thirteenth

JUI

15th

seventieth

jJ'+J1

lic eljl J"iie

sixtieth

,i-:Lll

.9r1Jl

14th

100,000 one hundred thousand

thirtieth

rJl,Ull

50th

J$

.\'i.. $Jl oJs,

twenty-first

9th ninth *till

1

.il1

twentieth

fortieth

J@ crur

1,000 one thousand

nineteenth

i,t LJr!Jlr

ninety

iiL

Ualili

40th

JJ*i

101 one hundred one

eighteenth

4th fourth -l Jl sth fifth

12th

:-l_9_9

18th

third

JlLi

'l00 one hundred iil-

seventeenth

;rrs

y.lic

80 eighty

.r-i

\1

dJl-lil

1

(JJt+!

sixteenth

uic 6+LJl

}iu1

70 seventy

l0 ten

17th

Lr*Ull

uJ9*

i.,,j

.;-it

i.".s

30 thirty u,l^ 40 forty

+Ld

11

i*J1

o*-,,j

A-"

2nd second

ird

o$l

9j "lis3 ijX 4 four

Jls

jLJl

r-1-9

J UrJls'

,J-rYl

L C D

=50

=100 =500 M =1,000


o+ilidt

A divide

B. calculate

c. measure

,+al

Fractions and Deci 6619 qjcJl

=

1.00

-< sl

JJ#,SllJ JJ**Sll

2. one half 1/2 = .5

one whole

1

.Jb

.r9

@e

D.ffi 'tr.

D. convert

3. one third

1/3

litai

"

=

5. one eighth 1/8 = .125 ,'d

4. one fourth

1/4

.333

drl:

=

.25

l.r

PerCentS a;sutt .+*At

@ roo percent

6. calculator all

=rs

7. decimal point

@

tu percent

@

so percent

@

,u percent

@

''o percent

g% 10% 20% 30% 40o/o 50%

8. 1 00 percent {LJL)..

10. 50 percent

9. 75 percent

11. 25 percent

er*W

Dimensions

",2.

AilJl,

1O

percent \.

aj\lt+

Ai'llt o.

a-LJt4 Vo

m"Jrur"rent

70% 80% 90% 100%

60%

Yo

th.rl

Equivalencies 12inches=lfoot ,tS,teti$yari{i., 'i

'.:,.,1,',

1,760yards= 1 mile

,,tt,inih' '13. ruler 3

15. inch [in.]

J.*

14. centimeter [cm] [*]

':..1j-

i*

J+

16. height LGll 17. length \J.

18. depth

J19. width

0-,P

'

1

yard =

I

mile

--

.9 1

=11,,6

Gnt#erters meters

kitometeis.


c,,!Jl

Telling Time AetJl

sJ! -,.Bxq '"'artl

;r13

ffi'ffi)"ffi.ryffi 1. hour

2. minutes

4cL

3. seconds

cG.r

4. a.m.

5. p.m.

({: ^

'-&s

6.

8.

7.1:O5 one-oh-five five after one

1:00

one otlock ;.sl;Jl acLJl

.!iG: ,_s*ij 6J:l

/Jtl .-i.t ' g-' \J!

(rsLllJ+i) ..L.i

ol-rj

tm a.ffi

1,1O*txw one-ten ten after one .!jG: ucy i::13J1

11

.

one-fifteen a quarter after one

"ir a-".ij 6isljl 4l-11: ;:*lil

++S.

ffi w7'":fi 1O. 1:20

1

one-twenty twenty.after one ili$r ;jycj

half past one 4i:s':

rsl-5Jl

,",]ji\lj;biil

Times of Day ;QjJl

tJJiXJ;lsljl

, i. ^tllJ.6sl!l

12.

1,40w

one-forty twenty to two +i",!r

;3-1i-, ;.:-ljl

$

yJ 4Jt!l

13.

1:45

one-forty-five a quarter to two +qrrsr

er

93".1;i-9

i,";; ir-i:il

YJ a+utt

crG3i

14. sunrise 'JFJI dJJs

18. sunset cJ"Jl +JJE

18

1. 1:30 one-thirty

15. morning

-LJl

19. evening

"LJI

16. noon KiHl

20. night .l'Jll

17. afternoon

(r-Jl) xilll :*

21. midnight J$l , ; ^rro

Ways to talk about time

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

lwake up at 6:30 g.m. lwake up qt 6:30 in the morning. Iwoke up at 6:3p.

A: What time

do you wake up on weekdays? B: At 6:30 a.m. How obout you?

A: lwoke upat Z-:09.


cilJll

FW:e

-it€€t

-?-s:tSbeet Ir-,cn

8lvd.

ka;aeBhd. iig:itoo Dnve 3moosBlvd.

22. early tS+

23. on time

r'- Ji :s1.ll

25. daylight saving time =_:+lt

/, 1 ^i i,\1)

cl .Lr YJ ,

28. Alaska time 'S-Yl

,'+i;

.-"i

Jj

.

-i.!ill

.",,'d

Jl

ciL&,

27. Hawaii-Aleutian time Ji -

, . ilJsL!

26. standard time

,",Jirill

fime Zones {l,trill

,L^l

24. late crs

29. Pacific time { s.i-Ul) 'a:l:Jr lsJl \e-?

/v

!

30. Mountain time r-i]+lt ,",liJill

31. Central time ."';'d;

L5jJ1 cJi)jl ,",:tir.i 32. Eastern time 4+,tiJ1 c,LYlt ,''t6i

33. Atlantic time

jLii-t)l ,"'iir:ll 34. Newfoundland time

s)!rur+,",iii

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

Think about it. Discuss.

l. When do you watch television? study? relax? 2. Do you like to stay up after midnight? 3. Do you like to wake up late on weekends?

1. What is your favorite time of day? Why? 2. Do you think daylight saving time is a good idea? Why or why not?


i.' oiill

'1. date

5. today

.Jl 2. day

6. tomorrow

(rln)$ir

3. month

7. yesterday \rr

4. year

i-"

Days of the Week

!**Yl pli 8. Sunday

15. week

r=)l

tJl-'

9. Monday

16. weekdays pli

Li+)l

l:+-!i

10. Tuesday

17. weekend

!S l!')

ou)-:11 1

1. Wednesday r .b

gr-Yr +k,

(ar*Yl

i'r '!l

12. Thursday ,JP*Jl

13. Friday {r^+ll

14. Saturday ,",,,,,11

Frequency .rl.1ill

21. every day / daily

18. last week

**tJl g9-)l

!.-* / e:+ Js 22. once a week

19. this week ,JLJI ?

*)l

rEu)l ,j6n

20. next week ,:ltill

39-)l

,/

Ways

to say the date

Today is May 11th. lt's the tenth. Yesterday was Moy 9th.

20

The

party

is on Mav 21st.

,/

â&#x201A;Ź

23. twice a week 1:+Yl cr crljl 24. three times a week

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

A: The

test is on Friday, June 14th.

B: Did you say Friday. the fourteenth? A: Yes, the fourteenth.

1-!-)1

g,s

cfl1 ,:)E


!

o.iill

Months of the Year

ii,tt,r*.i 1

2

1

2

3

4

5

6

2

3

4

5

6

3

4

5

6

7

8

I

I

I

10

11

12

13

7

8

I

l0

il

12

13

10

t1

12

13

14

15

16

14

15

t6

t7

18

19

20

14

15

t6

17

18

t9

20

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

21

22

23

24

25

26

2t

25

26

27

28

29

30

28

28

29

30

31

1

2

a

7

I

I

10

24,/

/31

4

5

6

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

6

7

I

I

10

1"1

12

12

13

14

15

13

14

15

t6

t7

18

r9

l8

19

20

21

22

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

25

26

27

28

29

27

28

29

30

1

2

3

4

5

10

l1

17

24./ ,/31

1l

12

13

14

t5

16

17

I

18

1S

20

21

22

23

24

'16

25

26

27

28

29

30

%

25. January

;tjll

Jrils / J*t!

26. February l$ / _xl->p 27. March Jlil / u"JL" 28. April ,l "i/ L.l 29. May _.,!i / _*t30. June c-rl-rj^ / -r*-i:

31. July -,-r^ / :J-* 2

3

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

2

3

4

4

5

6

7

I

I

t0

8

I

10

t1

12

r3

14

5

6

7

I

s

10

11

11

12

t3

t4

15

t6

17

t5

16

17

18

t9

20

21

12

13

14

t5

l6

17

l8

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

29

30

31

26

27

28

29

30

32. August

'il /, *i..di 33. September

jrj;i 7 u;ir'34. October

Jj)l u,lJili / JdJiSl 35. November

_____-

W 1l 21 3l

2

4l 5l

,Jll +lu

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

7

8

I

10

1l

12

13

10

tl

12

13

14

15

16

t4

15

16

17

t8

t9

20

17

18

t9

20

21

22

23

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

25

26

21

28

29

30

28

29

30

24,/ ./21

/,r^;

36. December cJjYl u;lS / ;".+r

6

Seasons

&;t ,l.y.g 37. spring

-Jl 38. summer , ;;. ^ll

39. fall / autumn

+!r

40. winter

Dictateto your parther. Take tutns. A: Write Monday. B: ts it spetted M-o-n-d-a-y? A: Yes, that's right.

Ask your classmates. Share the answers. 1. What is your favorite day of the week? Why? is your busiest day of the week? Why? is your favorite season of the year? Why?

2. What 3. What


i,aLill

1. birthday

2. wedding

r)Lu.:s

e!-,rU.eJl3 tl+eYl

3. anniversary

cr* l7l

,cai-

4. appointment

le

e 5. parent-teacher conference 6. vacation , p.L*-cLi rL:-l 6jlsj / ilL.

Legal Holidays iJ.{..,i1

a:Jl o"i;,+e

12. MemorialDay csjSJl

10. Martin Luther King Jr. Day

'L3jl :p

8.'legal holiday

9*J

+)"

rl+eYl

9. New Year's Day

rcrq ijS ;J, ': 'L^:s 11. Presidents'Day

7. religious holiday c+r +t

15. Columbus Day

+'

13. Fourth of

/,

u.+^!-5S.*r July

/

!U- Sl!\ti r)LJl rLsi

16. Veterans Day

lndependence Day J)[ii-Yl +t / d:; -* 4l2ll

14. Labor Day

18. Christmas

*rl.:lijl .1e

;p;t-

J1

3-

17. Thanksgiving s;ll ,i.

JL"JI .r:.

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

A: When

1. What are the legal holidays in your native country? 2. When is Labor Day in your native country? 3. When do you celebrate the New Year in your native country?

your birthday? 3l st. How about you? It:'s on December 22nd. is

Bz lt's on January

A:


ewYl

1.

little hand

i$,a 2.

ei.,a3

13. heavy box ,Jt6i .3r'::* 14. light box

-l

big hand 6..r*5

, iji{ 6jua

+

3. fast driver

15. same color

I s,,iiL

(4<..ti"

16. different colors

5. hard chair

17. good dog

(r+61

r.5

i.r--

,

J

4-|.t$r UIjl

*"

&!r

q.s

6. soft chair (e.l.) s-F.;

18. bad dog

7. thick book

19. expensive ring

.u.L. ri' ,

g,

(4li) il+'*.iljs

dri

't<

ir.

8. thin book (c*r) ci$r +us

20. cheap ring

9. fullglass

21. beautiful view Ct'i J.:' 22. ugly view ro3 .ur"

tt

gs

rJ4;'i,J

i.

Urb

10. empty glass

i

1

Jtji) orilt c'"ij

4. slow driver esJ+ .!3L

,t! , *iS

1. noisy children loud children gJ+ej" J.i!i

/

23. easy problem it( g ilL* 24. difficult problem hard problem

12. quiet children

i-*- ilL-

OJ'jrLa JU-ti

Ask

l.

your classmates. Share'the answers.

Are you a slow driver or a fast driver?

2. Do you prefer a hard bed or a soft bed? 3. Do you like loud parties or quiet parties?

ili

Use the new'w_ords.. o Look at page 150-l.5,l. Describe the :thingsyou see.

A: The strept is batd. B: The truck is

ns*y.

l

/


OljlYl

Basic Colors 4"'l-t*Yl

Neutral Colors ;!r-

OIJ'lYl

7. pink

1. red

ji

8. violet

,L-i

';-+i

9. turquoise

-f

15. gray

:t_ft I e-)ilf

4. orange lr-i:.

10. dark blue

5. green

11. light blue

- t. ,u8,6

..

G+ti / .aat )i-i

17. brown

q\rl -:

-J

12. bright blue

18. ieige / tan

.,...i

6"ll

c^y dJJr

.11:.=li

t

16. cream / ivory

.i \ \l

vJ!

-

6. purple

,<:L

.

-..'

ilB

":ii

ll Ll- *i '{-' /-

'

Ask your classmates; Share the a,nswers.

Use the new words.

1. Whatrcolors-are you wearirrg today?

Take turns naming the colors you see.

2; What colors do'yourlike? 3. ls there a color you don't like? What is it?

Az His shirt is blue.

,

24

14. white

(J+-dll

3. blue

3. black .r,*i

Q)l-t

2. yellow

-

t

Bz

Her shoes are white.

look at,pages 86-87.

^rt OldVl


rdl .igs

'T. The

yellow sweaters are on the left.

-.r-4t

q;tt sle ,l iJl (,:lFl)

cilJFjlJl

2. The purple sweaters are in the middle.

-.:Lrl

4,fiJt

d "+'-+,;)' (.frjrslr)

.irJ-ilJr

3. The brown sweaters are on the right.

--:,lt

;-4;t

C,lg o+!lt

(slj,isli) crlJsj,ul

4. The red sweaters are above the blue sweaters. . jrjJl (crljjsll) slJsrul 6si ,t;*-lr (sljisll) qitJojil 5. The blue sweaters are below the red sweaters.

. ,Jl (nlFl) !:ljsjJJl do*i/c^:,L6lJJl (irlj,lsll) slJrjlli 6. The turquoise sweater is in the box.

;;.i

^\t AtJqF

fj::dl

(tjisll)

;rsrUt

7. The white sweater is in front of the black sweater. ..:;u)l (;;sJt) ,srUt

,t i u;#Yl

(;J,isjt) Jpr.Jl

8. The black sweater is behind the white sweater.

;tr ryYt (;js.li) -n:Ul 9. The orange sweater is on the gray sweater. .qrrt^jt (;ji(Jl) ;er$l ,.l"/d.5n JilJ1ll (;jisll) ,prill 10. The violet sweater is next to the gray sweater. ..e:\-;jt (;l.SJt) .'r.ilJI +l++ r+i-+r (i;jjSll) )r#r 1 1. The gray sweater is under the orange sweater. .ud+.r)l

(;ji$l)

.Jrs:-ilI (;,"Sr)

J;ll-,11

Jlilr

,

.-,-'r

-c.:L

jr

(ijrslr)

-Gt+lr

12. The green sweater is between the pink sweaters. ..ipJ;jt (otj-r<ll) crtJlJl

0# F::yl (;jisi) Jrlrjl

More vocabulary

Role play. Make new conversations.

near: in the same area

A: Excuse me. Where are the red sweaters? B: They're on the teft, above the btue sweaters.

far from: not near

A: Thanks very much.

25


rJljll Coins il".tt

3. S.10 =

1. S.01 = lC \lJ'''t

a dime

'/sii

4.

2. S.05 = 5C anickel/5cents crti- o / t_9

gllls

5. 5.50 = 50C a half dollar

10C

/ 10 cents .:Uit./a"'i

apenny/1cent

;);r eju-j

5.25 = 251 a quarter / 25 cents lii.., \o / (ty;: J:l;S

6lt)

6. sl.00 a dollar coin

.r;i 1)jr.iJc

cit!'sJl 6a9ie;1$

i

du"

-***.ffiffiffi

8.

7. 51.00 a dollar

F!E6era6lsB

9.510.00 ten dollars

Ss.00

five dollars

el1)yr a-,;

r):r

rrjlJl

oJ.e

l:., r:'

10. s20.00 twenty dollars 1;Y;r ;;;-3c

1

1. ss0.00

12. s100.00

fifty dollars 1-1);: ;;,,*-

one hundred dollars ;)3.t +rL

Do you have

change for a dollar?

A. Get change. :.$ .e

.l9 ,1.--l

B. Borrow money. .l:3:r:

ciJ:*l I

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

I I I

I I

d

26

A: Do you have change for a dollar? B: Sure. How about two quarters and five dimes? A: Perfect!

&fl

C. Lend money.

.irF dL / r,:J!l

D. Pay backthe money. .:;r,Jl

.rL

Think about it. Discuss. 1. ls it a good idea to lend money to a friend? Why or why not? 2. ls it better to carry a dollar or four quarters? Why? 3. Do you prefer dollar coins or dollar bills? Why?


dJ*sill

Ways to

Pay grl dJL

m *@ *S-:,

A. pay cash trij g+

B. use a credit card ,:L^].i1 aiil

L,

C. use

l,lAi*:

rc

/L--J\ \r

I

lS; -

,

s

n1*1

debit card {il Ll a r:"1*

['lj

E. use a gift card

D. write a (personal) check

a

gl .^ll i.r f^

F. cash

Lr p,rij*4

:i-!r

1+-!-

a traveler's check \St-1i

dJ,â&#x201A;Źt

stlB

*iX 1. price tag

JJI

,.rU+

2. regular price c:tll -Jl

/ payfor sl*.rls / a i.i,i

G. buy

r

',YJ

'f{lffiw ;;:;"y:t:

3. sale price

5.

4. bar code

SKU number

(SKU)+'t"lt*,F Cr

(jFsdr,l u]+i!!r itu

6. receipt

;Lu:"iil ;;o:l

GJI

H. return r-ll 1 Clj

/

7. price / cost ai<lt

/ ),Ji

8. sales tax lL

.^'!l

cil,+1l

+J;

l.

9. total Jt^Yl / r .^l1 10. cash register r;s:lt ,J+-: ill

exchange

J$*j 27


ffic"?* 3

1 TERfu

; I

iqag*Ex*

l.

twins

matching

oui-,.

,-lq1l."

2. sweater /; ,-is\ ,a J \r ttJ-

\ . ld

4- disappointed

&j

a-,a. J

5. navy blue

--ill

A. shop

^a,\l .i

O. f,uppy .1U':5-

B. keep t{Jr'$.r

53sr


,+*. " r'l

Look at the pictures. What do you see?

..1 .F

Answer the questions. 1. Who is the woman shoppin gfor?

2. Does she buy matching sweaters or different sweaters? 3. How does Anya feel about her green sweater? What does she do? 4. What does Manda do with her sweater?

@

neaa the story.

Same and Different Mrs. Kumar likes to shop for her twins. Today she's looking at sweaters. There are

many different colors on sale. Mrs. Kumar chooses two matching green sweaters. The next day, Manda and Anya open their gifts. Manda likes the green sweater, but Anya is disappointed. Mrs. Kumar understands the problem. Anya wants to be different.

Manda keeps her sweater. But Anya goes to the store. She exchanges her green sweater for a navy blue sweater. It's an easy answer to Anya's problem. Now the twins can be warm, hEppy, and different.

i:irfill

[*

Think about it. 1. Do you like to shop for other people? Why or why not?

2. lmagine you are Anya. Would you keep the sweater or exchange it? Why?

29


1. man *+.,)

2. woman 3. women

4. men ,_l+,j

5. senior citizen iJ:e i 4i,;

-;-:

fuq*k q"{s# :-

Listen and point. Take turns. A: Point to a womqn. B: Point to a seniar citizen.

A: Point to an infant.

Dictate to your partner. Take turns. A: Write woman. B: ls that spelled w-o-m-a-n? Yes, that's right, woman.

A:


{

6. infant ffl 7. baby

Ji! 8. toddler tir.l

L:l,j

-;il

r

l!-]r

9. 6-year-old boy .t

lT'i

',0. 16-year-o,O n,r,

:i

;Jl +1

a.

, '*Jrs

--!q

1. teenager / teen

:,*l

J.J1

..,::

1

+:-.r|-* t-*lX elY;r

rq

ffi

- .rf., t::.7:', t

t

"1.' '!iil+$il

,{ii +-tr*,

i

;r

t$.. I i

Ways to talk about age

I month - 3 months old = infant "18 months - 3 years old = toddler 3 years old - 12 years old = child

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

teenager 18+ years old = adult 13

19 years old =

62+ years old = senior citizen

A: How old

is SandraT

B: 5he3 thirteen years old. Az Wow, she's a teenager now!


g*UJl r-i,a3

Age

ct*Jl

1. young

(;)-r:* 2. middle-aged (;F-rr" 3. elderly (6)d,* / jj+c

Height d.*ll 4. tall

(;),iA 5. average height

1;p-r*

..1rUt

6. short (r)-x*!

Weight

oj-Cl

7. heavy / fat (;)cr+

8. average weight o1r:t

1;;t-:-

9. thin / slender

(;)

;,,_r

Disabilitie5 j+rll oYtr I

0. physically challenged (r)j,+to

1

1. sight impaired

/ blind

(;)-r:12. hearing impaired

,l:* 1 71

/ deaf

Appearance *-b4jl

.ffi 13. attractive (i)ap,

14. cute (r)&.+

15. pregnant

16. mole

&l-

17. pierced ear .:

Jl: /LL,-i

4rJAh ..1ll

18. tattoo

$-r Ways:to,describe:pCoplE,,

.1

.r

I

,',

He's a heavy, ygu_ygtman. She's a

32

He's

preanant woman with a mole.

sight impaired.

Uae

the new'wofdi. Lookrat,:pages 2-3,

Describe the people anil point.Take turns.

A:

He's a

tslI thin, middle-aqed man.

B;'Sh e's,a

sh

ort, avera

g e -w e i ght

yaung wo m a n.


';dll ri,a3

; E

@

ffi

6. beard

1. short hair

=p;,; 2. shoulder-length hair , ;r<t\ .!-1, :.,i 3. long hair ,LJ

($/

Style

8. bangs

/

.i

.

15. red hair

-r^i

iuJ 23. blow dryer ,iCL

--i

--i

F !ji*

(Jl*ji-)

19. rollers

o"ijl irJp c! F.ijll $;j

-l

-* f-

18. brown hair

'b..i\ .-L,j --

14. corn rows

10. wavy hair

lJs

22. brush

-Lt

13. gray hair -'

l-,i.

17. blond hair _F-r Jtu

\v

21. comb

,y;

^l-i /,

9. straight hair i.U F

5. mustache

.:r-i

12. bald

(dlr-)Llijral,Jl {1,-=

,-!_e

16. black hair

1. curly hair

.rr+F

7. sideburns

--i

4. part _*:iil

1

4i=J

JALJI

cilJS+

20. scissors

,,;

.J,it

Hair $tt '!i.al

B. perm hair

A. cut hair

*rre3+

Jsill Lâ&#x201A;Ź3i

Waysto.talkabouthair Describe hair.iin

"''

I:

*.11, ::'

thii order: length, style, and then color,

She has bng stra.ight. brown hair.

C. set hair

ii, I

D. color hair / dye hair J

-.il| fig),',.L /, vv. \9.

nole,p1ay. lal k t6 a':stylist, A: t need a new hairstyle. Bi, How'ab:outsheIi and ttlaight?,' A:'Great Do you think L should'fue it?

33


s)UlrJl

1. grandmother !\i

2. grandfather

\ 3. mother

:.i

ej

4. father

lr: r:rt!:t:rrit

-i 5. sister

ii:iil.,riiiil:;

aifi'i-:iiirt:*:ta

...i

lii:ii':lltl:ril

6. brother ir:ti!i:i|i:i:ii

ii

ili$ffi

7. aunt ill-: / i4

8. uncle

Jt./i'

9. cousin (;)JLr/(;).c ;;Y."'t,

10. mother-in-law '6La 1

1. father-in-law

J^: 12.

'r,

wife

,

a+:i 13.

t,.

s

)-

14. daughte 15. 16.

:'

husband r

.'

aill

:,,

son

:l

;1

:,

sister-in-law

,:.

I

l'i

/ +rlji ri nrlr c,ii; a"i-t, (C)l o+-,j

17.

brother-in-law / o+rjl ;l 6 rlr qc*)l E-ij

9s')

;

:

-i,i-

18. niece .. ..,, i . i,, ... $)r Jr C !l 4rl

,

19. nephew (..slr ".i.rr

qlr

.r'r Z]l

!l'

More vocabulary

34 I I

F

Tim is Min and Lu's grandson. Lily and Emily are Min and Lu's granddaughters. Alex is Min's youngest grandchitd.

Ana is Tito's wife. Ana is Eva and Sam's daughter-in-law. Carlos is Eva and Sam's son-in-law.


dDEbll

20. married couple cl$;jj.

ct1

^-,it

21. divorced couple

;Gl.L;1-:.,i, 22. single mother

,!,,'

ei

23. single father .+-pi .+j

[.bo Green's Fomily 24. remarried uur

Djtrlt â&#x201A;ŹJ_lk

25. stepfather i,, z ^.yl

e

!

26. stepmother .J a't ) I 4+JJ

27. half sister a+U;+; .:.ii 28. half brother ,i":i; J.L'-;i 29. stepsister 6)1 6r-,r ,1

-,)l

a.-r1

;-

co1

30. stepbrother i,, >)l zqi

Grqil -1-sfr:Z\ )a I F-,W

I

\jl'

e

#ffi@

5:.-- 5 - lMary FrL

More vocabulary

Look at the pictures. Name the people.

Bruce is Carol's former husband or ex-husband. Carol is Bruce's former wife or ex-wife.

A: Who is

Lisa is the stepdaughter of both Rick and Sue.

B: Mary

is.

Lisa's

half

sister?

Who is Lisa's stepsister?

i

q'

rYl {soi . rt

v

*zlI


gdJlJ'll JJIJ

B. nurse

A. hold iiujl &si

eE)

C. feed

d4

dlilil lbt

D. rock

*

jl :t

G. change a diaper

E. undress tukB .9

"d"li-ll -;ij

J. praise 6ui

M. play with

N. read to

4-'-, ,-h

4l

lJgJ

Look at the pictures. Describe what is happening. At She's'changing her baby's diaper.

36

Bz He's

H. dress

kissing his

son

goodnight.

K. discipline

+j-f

O. sing a lullaby, 4-J;il i.1l_i ol *$.

L. buckle up gr.yl pt;s

\; / p!

P. kiss goodnight L+_x t"y al U* {q

Askyour classmates. Share the answers. 1. Do you like to take care of children? 2. Do you prefer to read to children or play with them? 3. Can you sing a lullaby? Which one?


OrJlJl .p.r3 6JEhYl !Lo,r

*@

d,re FW

ffi s. bib

1. bottle

,-L:,, a+bj 2. nipple

ael;jl tL, i-L 3. formula (

!:ris,.'j\-)

9. safety pins

a;;,1* l.l;s

' e)t .!.Jl+

4. baby food Ji-tyl eh;

16. baby bag

6. high chair

Jiti-t)l L)UJ gt-l

18. stroller

21. rocking chair j!,p !r-_5

-

44

---

}i!

n t i,, 4:iJll$ USjtJ

*-;S

23. teddy bear

,jli.ti +,.e

DietatEtg you;rlpartlrer. Take tiirns;

,

^tt I'

22. nursery rhymes

19. car safety seat

20. carriage

i,r j{l

!-s ^lJl L- , l\s!i 1 2. potty seat .j.il":[ 4#t

sL:Li'

e;Li-

1. training pants ,

8. cloth diaper

17. baby carrier dj-tl ilL^ L

1

oL;tiJl ;jr

i},Jir

.jG!i

dl-'j-Yl rl.4

J

,-it^ilt .1.

13. baby lotion

,""eq.r

10. disposable diaper

^si* P-S 7. diaper pail !J

Jitll crujjL* i.n=

n.t Jr .

,ui

;_9.Ji-"

ir:

24. pacifier 4,:L;e

cJl9l

,JJ,".i

14. baby powder ,

\liLi ; ,: .

15. wipes . irLlll .!.:L.

25. teething ring

;,:,; iiL 26. rattle ljr:-X: 27. night light (+:l<-" -,-,') sl'J

ThinkaboUt it;,Discusgl,i.' :r..::.i..:r':'.''',

-

,r*

.,,,

Az Write pgsjfist.

1,:''l-low cah paients: discipl,ine'tlddl.ers?1eehs?

B: Was that pacifier, p-a-c-i-f-i-e-r? Az Yes, that's right.

2. Vvhat'are some,things you cqn !ay_lo prgisea,child?, 3q

'

:Why,are,nursery rhymes i,mportant:fdr young children?

37


i-&:" j_.;rll 4i"-9Jl dtaeYl "

!

A. wakeup

F. make lunch olJJt i^r J;r:

tiiJi s

B. get up

ts.i"l D. get dressed cJ+l;

E. eat breakfast ,,Lto)t cl!.r14

Grammar Point third person singular For he and she, add -s or -es

38

He gets up.

/

drop off the kids / 4_JlJt Jt JLirYl lirq) &s+ 4-fill uL $e Jl-it)l J_A H. take the bus to school j-J$l Jl .r+:._rYt (+-':) liil l. drive to work / go to work ,:iaq / i;!-Jt "J^Jl JJ "].Jl Jls- Jl

C. take a shower

He wakes up.

, i, ^!l ;t+-

G. take the children to school

-,.,-*Jl cl" egL

!S

J. go to class

to the verb:

He watchesTV. She goes to the store.

K. work ,1"!

L. go to the grocery store allirll LJ* Jl 9Al M. pick up the kids

i-;-:Jl rj-6r

r.,r-

cJUtYl

N. leave work ,l-Jl llL!

These verbs are diffeient (irregular): Be: She is

Jl :*lI

in school at

10:00 a.m.

Hove: He has dinner at 6:30 p.m.

J.ai


4#s-rlt 4+Jill

dL^eYl

O. clean the house

..J;iltO.d!.il P. exercise 1;t,,,, crtl-+ Q. cook dinner .rJt "1

;i.i

/

er

/ make dinner .i,Jl

S. have dinner / eat dinner etiJl ,!3tii

W. check email

T. do homework ce-:Jt .,+ljl Jd;

X. watch TV O-*'*!ll .st4 Y. goto bed

U. relax

di*l

e+!i

R. come home / get home Jjr"ll Jl r1e / e.+

does he go

V. read the paper

lij-Jt iji

A:

She

gpeilpslgssat

10:00 a.m.

,

Z. go to sleep es/ el4

Askyour classmates. Share the answers. 1. Who cooks dinner in your family?

lp vrptk?

B: He goes to werk at 8:00 a.m. When does

i q iSYl :r rrll Jc dLi

..nlJi! qiall: / +A+

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

A: When

.

she

go

IpSlsS:t?

2. Who goes to the grocery store? 3. Who goes to work?

39


4$b.ll cltj:llg &l.rrYl

m

rffii 6ffi w.r;,"," wi f#ry1-,eca

B. start school L"-,;.r.Jl sJi,rr

ffiâ&#x201A;Źs

-_-.;:;l;:.-'-

2. Resident Alien card / green card

{os Angcles 9igb Scbool

Martin

Perez

.*."-*;d*-'ffi

---.

,"..'..w

C. immigrate gs-r..t*+

D. graduate

/ -nt*+

3. diploma

e.Fr

ajJ,r

;.:la,Ji

4,EeA

NI,

DRryEi ilCâ&#x201A;ŹNsE

ffi

ffii,::ffi .':r-dg

rn0ornn

EffiF. ry:

@sffi 3=.ffiffi - nliffi" ----

't:

4. driver's license i;11." llrj'd:i-o5,

F. get a job

E. learn to drive 6i.lJ1 ill+! d'+

44lJ s.!e d,aAf

5. Social Security card sr,l ^:il Jlr',:

ctrsrtreAtDor

Lll_;* 6;,.a;

;Ui

Grammar Point: past tense immigrate

start learn

40

travel

+ed

graduate

retire die

"l e

,..i

,tii

These verbs are different (irregular): be - was go -

].0

Ll

**,*ourrn"*

6. Certificate of Naturalization a5;;lt-6;

H. fall in love

G. become a citizen

1s

4li1

get * got become - became

went

have

fall

-

had

- fell

buy

-

bought


4J!.Jt #riJtg &t.sYt

g,*g Sog** rc

Mattin Petez B.rclxlordftimre

l.

-

go to college

7. college degree

i*lr\i.,J:4

4+*"1+

ir$

RIAGE LICENSE

K. get married

eJ}i

M. buy a home arofr

8. marriage license c))*

L. have a baby )sl {:+ji

N. become a grandparent

9. deed ii.l(\o ,;\, ^

lrr,1e

10. passport

-p- j1:+

Q. volunteer p "o!:.

R. die sJ4J /

i.

11. death certificate rl.ir;rk,ri

rf.}J

More vocabulary

Ask your classmates, Shhre the answers.

When a husband dies, his wife becomes a widow. When a wife dies, her husband becomes a widower.

1. When did you start school? 2. When did you get your first job? 3. Do you want to travel?


oni/.{Lr

1. hot ol,n / F! -pu 2. thirsty 01

.".L. / ijjll"

3. sleepy

;L; 4. cold ol:j{ / :J+lL 5. hungry v,'Lc^/nL r. 'l

Jc|,.i

-

6. full / satisfied ,fl-i- / Ll:*

7. disgusted

(or}* 8. calm (i)c;rla

9. uncomfortable zu* ui J.

.J

10. nervous

(r)jr11. in pain

$ (;)+r* / (r)Jij. 12. sick

(l).rl-F 13. worried (6)& 14. well 4",sL*"

/

"+1--

15. relieved (r)e

:.:-

16. hurt

+Lilt J."s17. lonely +-J 18. in love .!i!" / ', ''

"

Pair practice. Make new conversations. A: How are you doing? B: I'm hungry. How about yrou?

42

A: t'm hung4t and thirsty. too!

Use the new words. Look at pages 40-41. Describe what each person is feeling. A: Martin is excited. B: Martin's mother is Wul!.


cJ"j*tri

19. sad

20. homesick /

JtjlJlJu;^

Jljil

n:,j-lL

fL;

21. proud

(;):r.,

22. excited

z:.

lcared

/

afraid

qi

"ii. I iiiLl 24. embarrassed

e_ts

25. bored

6r* / JJ! 1rL* 26. confused JLi-^

27. frustrated L,_

o

28. upset rc's

/ uL;.L

gJ

29. angry

;Lr;;

30. surprised ai;AJi"

31. happy ,t_t-,r* / :r* 32. tired '1Lri

Ask your classmates. Share the answers. 1. Do you ever feel homesick? 2. What makes you feel frustrated? 3. Describe a time when you were very happy.

/ iA *

More vocabulary exhausted: very tired

furious: very angry humiliated: very embarrassed

overjoyed: very happy starving: very hungry terrified: very scared

43


1. banner

!1: 2. baseball game J,+"+ i;1;!*

44

3. opinion !?,J

4. balloons (iti-il1+

5. glad f J-},M

6. relatives "!Yi/.;;Gi

A. laugh r:lar-a:

B. misbehave

iJ.aill Ji djJJl r",;


Look at the picture. What do you see? Answer the questions. 1. How many relatives are there at this

reunion?

l

2. How many children are there? Which children are misbehaving?

J

i

3. What are people doing at this reunion?

1

@ neaA the story. A Family Reunion Ben Lu has a lot of relatives and they're all at his house. Today is the Lu family

reunion. There is a lot of good food. There are also balloons and a banner. And this year there are four new babies! People are having a good time at the

reunion. Ben's grandfather and his aunt are talking about the baseball qame. His cousins are laughing. His mother-in-law is giving her opinion. And many of the children are misbehaving. Ben looks at his family and smiles. He loves his relatives, but he's qlad the

-affi;

reunion is once a year.

E€F=* E :'ffi

Think about it.

l. Do you like to have large parties? Why or why not? :3ft

%* j & r,r*

2. lmagine you see a little girl at a party. She's misbehaving. What do you do? What do you say?

...'.,.,'.'.'.,.'.,,.@

I

)

45


1. roof , i;..,

2. bedroom 3r {!,r 3. door

+! 4. bathroom tl:s 5. kitchen

a!* 6. floor

i+;Ji 7. dining area iLJ"jl

4AJi,

Listen and point. Take turns. A: Point to the kitchen. B: Point to the living room. A: Point to the basement.

Dictate to your partner. Take turns. A: Write kitchen. B: Was that k-i-t-c-h-e-n?

A:

Yes,

that's right, kitchen.


i;:;liii+.!

8. attic aii*

9. kids'bedroom -jGj-=\'l ae.

i-4_5a

10. baby's room 3r;.i1 *!J.Jl +3 ; 11. window J'L]"- l;-:.?L

12. living room *,, .i"Ji ,Jt-.,

13. basement JJLLL

/

J=F!

,j,'

{e;-'+i 14. garage j,r:lF j :

Ways

to give locations

l'm home. I'm in the kitchen. I'm on the roof.

Pair practice. Make new conversations. A:Where's the man? B: He's in the attic. Where's the teenager? A:5he3 in the laundry room.

47


gJ-;L ,1e 'r''r'11

l?-rqen apr. H 2 ) unit.

!3strlfrffi!#}lGffis rr West

Rentals

'l Bedroom 5900 I Month

Call for info:

818-555-4949

w*i

1. lnternet listing $Jijll ,,1" 6$ Jjilt cr_r

i?Y'''i:t'"d F650i mo

]s-2345

t For Reni id city apt

NOrrnLtgnr

AFartment For Rent 2 bdrm 2ba city apt Unlurn $unny kit

$550. W/D Water incl, oo!, fitne center. Cl(

$850lmo

shoppi ng.

Util incl

all mgr Call mqr eves 1

2-555-2368

Jor unit,

2. classified

al Plaza

21

Abbreviations

9-993-4

Dover Aptl

1-3 8R.

kit = kitchen

Hr

ad

util = utilities incl = included rTlO = lTlOflth

i+s .j:>r^.-)rJ

furn = furnished unfurn = unfurnished mgr = manager eves = evenings

3. furnished apartment i-iy;e" +i;

4.

unfurnished apartment a.i9;u ;c ih.i

5. utilities .ia1-x

Renting an Apartment ;&i Jt+'iisl

A. Callthe manager. .qiJpiJl / 1r.ilL,lgii

D. Sign the rental agreement. rL-Yl $e ,l,!

48

oi

B. Ask about the features.

C. Submit an application.

.cil;;^Jl iJe Ji*l

.rirL lJ!

E. Pay the first and last month's rent. .J..-Vtr JJYI

+_xll

,r1r:j

i$

F. Move in. .ii"&lt crl! dlli:

More vocabulary

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

lease: a monthly or yearly rental agreement redecorate: to change the paint and furniture in a home move out: to pack and leave a home

1. How did you find your home? 2. Do you like to paint or arrange furniture? 3. Does gas or electricity cost more for you?


!, l,

Buying a HOUSe

@

,,.1.,_+"r*r

.r.

'.a 7",!1.

11.:;]i-r'-il

;i...,i

t'.

G. Meet with a realtor. :=,i

-lise ';''.".."'"

l-"

ij.:li:'":

l.

H. Look at houses. -.,

t., ,-,,, i*;-i,i.;

Make an offer.

"'r*;*

ej3't

,':::';i'" 5**

n"fu

^

.

^:'-^*"o"

L

J. Get a loan. . -_,.:,.,

.ii

'.1â&#x201A;Ź

Moving

ln

.i;:",I!

".i".i"i"ii

_,i

..Jo

,-]'.*rn1 y' o13ig

.

r

;"i,-o;

O. Put the utilities in your name.

N. Unpack. ,,r '-

a mortgage payment.

.61isJ1 ;;_ii a"-i:

1,j1 r,jiUiTi

M. Pack. Lll

L. Make

K. Take ownership.

r.1,.i:::

li.?

; l.,tt .-d',"du

<*"u

Q. Arrange the furniture. ,.:=,rj'tr

+""L11

as';jj ,!s"-d rJ,Lr

!e,*

R. Meet the neighbors. " yil ,5Lii ",j ;!'rl":

! i.r..,;l

,1

Ways to ask about a home's features

Role play. Talk to an apartment manager.

Are uti I ities i ncl u ded?

A: Hi. l'm calling about the apartment.

ls the kitchen large and sunnyT

Are the neighbors quiet?

B: OK. lt's unfurnished and rent is 5800 a month. Are utilities included?

Az

49


,j6.ilt

1. apartment building ij6- iJt@/ .!fi Cq,

2. fire escape ,-!_,Jl .t- rl+jll

3. playground ,

J-

4. roof garden e.t-Jt *.lc ass

,-1"

Lobby 3ait

EntranCe cj.r.ll

ffi ffi

&attflptfrAnlhttu

ffiffi

5. intercom / speaker (r;Jil)A1r Jt*:l.Lb 6. tenant gSL-/

7. vacancy sign 411-i

9. elevator

l.

mailboxes l'l+U cr,.tt ^

8. manager/ superintendent

^i'r".

1

liL:4ii)

u1,i," / ;:a

10. stairs / stairway e J. / J)t*

Basement (el+lt) g'irl-lrl/ sliJl JJJI

I2.

washer

14. big-screen TV

ijt^"i

;-r+5 .i.il .':i

;9 15. pooltable 1:1\! alyLt

13. dryer

a-ii* Grammar Point: there

is

/ there are

is

plural: there are There is a recreation room in the basement.

singular: there

50

There

are mailboxes in the tobby.

16. security gate

18. parking space

ct l ql:+

iri$

17. storage locker rJ-A'

;_.,11+Jl

e-iy-eJ

19. security camera ;J'l.l 1;u15

Look at the pictures. Describe the apartment building. A:

gts"

There's d pooltable in the recreation room. B: There are parking spaces in the garage.


cji^i,ll

20. balcony LrS! /

22. swimming pool

ast^:

eLa / e.u 23. trash bin a-lL, a-;* / l!)*{- rle3

21. courtyard ;lrJl

a,* /

Hallway

o1.!

7;-

Rental

631-l-'.ll

25. emergency exit a ,l ^LIi f/z .i.

24. alley

Asli,.,

26. trash chute .rLG..ll qr"ui

^

An Apartment Entryway

,i;tt

Jl.AJ

office

;;;i-i!l','i<o

27. landlord

.i-ii

28. lease / rental agreement

,j\\Jl , ,_L-

_,1++)l

ri'

r_lir.

{-9

qP

w 29. smoke detector

31. buzzer

a:-::i , i.':is

30. key lii' e

33. door chain slr\t;Li .i_!-L

,Lr 32. peephole !J* rj.e /.-,Sl :.i

34. dead-bolt lock *.1j

evi.!&

More vocabulary

Role play. Talk to a landlord.

upstairs: the floor(s) above you downstairs: the floor(s) below you fire exit: another name for emergency exit

A: ts there a swimming pool in this complex? B; Yes, there is.lt's near the courtyard. A: ls there...?

I I ! I I

51


gS*Jl

1. the city / an urban area L;.:-;i!- / b-rJl

5. condominium / condo ,;\,\"i +i^r

8. college dormitory / dorm !i).t11 JSL*

11. senior housing J+Jr..1sL*

52

2. the suburbs

3. a small town /

CSt

6. townhouse

a.u ijil"t^ /, irjt

7. mobile home

.-+

9. farm

Js.s'$

10. ranch

\-,r-y

12. nursing home r_;,J.I.+

i

4. the country / a rural area

a village

!-p /;;*;*;'tt

(ssi ell) 4isLll

a-+:. *S

iilii.

; tS

a-,r_X

13. shelter

kl

More vocabulary

Think about it. Discuss.

co-op: an apartment building owned by residents duplex a house divided into two homes two-story house: a house with two floors

1. What's good and bad about these places to live? 2. How are small towns different from cities? 3. How do shelters help people in need?


suis

d;;

FrOnt Yard and HOuSe rjl:"11., .r*toYt rtjlilt

4. gutter

1. mailbox +'r$ c!:'1 ^

+j,,-x

2. front walk

.,,,JI \iilt

i:-r"

3. steps /

e:j c)u

Backyard o.ilill

16. patio liltll ,ljdl

s-a GJ*J.

9. gate

19. patio furniture

22. sprinkler

a^iJ*.ill

13. porch light

,nt'+!

1. front door g-Ul +Lr

12. doorknob rtr.il (irsi; i

!lr

eli!

qir*ll

ot$ll 51ii

t.Pi o::-

"il-!j 18. sliding glass door

.:q

1

,",.tl'iL,.}M

20. flower bed

.r-. la-,

8. driveway

(iJlJill)

(t-llrsll) 4rl,jil C1+*

14. doorbell +Ui .,'-l+

:,i

15. screen door (ssL) ,,l!- !L

rtJiJl

17. grill

d>.

10. storm door ( , ^lr*il tt-)

J'

elFl'P

6. satellite dish

4Jit-{yl

7. garage door zl sil *L !

5. chimney *

Front Porch

21. hose e:t->

alxi

23. hammock 6..:$

a::+; as5;t

24. garbage can ci)-{-

eLoJ

I

25. compost pile *,!" lL* L;S

A. take a nap

26. lawn

e. elraen

i-i,-::i;

-t r"..!ilN SL

4qd1

j,J-r

27. vegetable garden rf 1;

u:: ;11'"

53


tiLill

effi ***.'

1. cabinet

8. dishwasher s ^* iJL^c

2. shelf

15. toaster oven

;5Jl ,:+J;;s 16. pot

9. refrigerator

ciJ

e$

3. paper towels c!-r:

,}rl-

10. freezer

4. sink

,J-i r'i'."'r\l 6

11. coffeemaker

iL

OAF

I.Js

5. dish rack

*S '" *6 '!

*-

, cL;:,]

:l -u

7. garbage disposal s[\gll , :t sl

{' : I ! ; i

i, i

54

1

1

I !

.!

Ways to

eLcj

/ L)Lc

6)'lL

/ i F-it

ts. u;rner

26. food processor

.:)rSUl $:sr jks 13. microwave

(Jr-i) j$Jla*

6;i

24. pan 25. electric mixer *-!:+S .t)l.:

nL-

; r* L'i. ^ ,,,i -!; 6. toaster

t:_rl+ /

18. stove

I

12. blender

23. drawer

-'td

17. teakettle

JIJ / 4+Xll

22. counter .il3U 6 \. ;i ^ / nljt

c-+::_S+

14. electric can opener 4J!J+S

20. oven

21. broiler

t l" ,-15

talk about location using on and in

Use on for the counter, shelf, burner, stove, and cutting board. lt's on the counter. Use in for the dishwasher, oven, sink, and drawer. Put it in the sink.

27. cutting board

tJ'F

rJ_p

Cilii:

4-j

28. mixing bowl

11.L

L\i

\\

ill LL

Pair practice. Make ndw conversations.

A:

move the blender. you want it in the cabinet? A: No, put it on the counter. Please

Bz Sure. Do

,


rtr.L

1. dish / plate g* / &t

2. bowl iJil Ll,

,,

3. fork asyj

4. knife ,iS5. spoon

iiJ =

cL,ill ,v. ,1-i

Ways

7. coffee mug _H5;r$ JL'ji 8. dining room chair eL

13. salt and pepper shakers Jlilsilr elJl tiJi 14. sugar bowl

Lll 6J+s c-JS

c;i LJ!.

12. tablecloth

aljttll

to make requests at the table

May I havelhc;ageL b9w!? Would you pas thr rr"o*rr, please? Could I have a coffee muo?

Ljji)i^

19. fan

a-;-r 20. platter

Js.Jl ,uJ

9. dining room table i;i- / elrtll ;J+- 4lJU 10. napkin irl- 4lb 1 1. placemat j,JJl .',-r

6. teacup ,

Aif

u;i1.,

^l.*

L

15. creamer

21. serving bowl

,.,,1-\\ eul

lsj 1,ilti ajl L\,,,

16. teapot

+u

iJi

22. hutch

LrJJl+!rajr}

&:i

17. tray

23. vase

4++-

C,F-)

18. light fixture 6JU,J

4+SJ!

l,t

"rS v,

/-.

24. buffet

/ cr&. e *

,; -iio/a*t

Role play. Request item3at the table,

A: What do you need? B: Coutd thave a coffee mug? A: Certainly. And would you...

55


{Alrdt} u*jJd! i-i:i1::,i-i1:iii:u!lllitilutii=atti!,: .:r:::.iiji.i:,4:i attirir::rir!

r-

1. love seat

a3j-r;

+9S

7. DVD player / +!;i

4-{9-r

(+.,1+.)

2. throw pillow r{n

4JiJ

;Jd

a+J ^' oit3j

J-

6. TV (television)

1

17. window J!'r:: / ;jL

'12. fire screen (:Lilt ',+.'*)

JJi )s!i

r;rJ*

iJl sl -\E

+:-.X

-i;j. jlL-

Use the new words. Look at pages 44-45. Name the things in the room.

A: There's

gll/.

B: There's a carpet.

"JJ'J=

20. candle tth

16. drapes

1. mantle i;1i:"'l1):1

,cl a#_,*" a]

--;;i -"*

JjL'/;l rr

5. entertainment center

;-r*,6

15. floor lamp

10. wall

-s

19. coffee table

I .: / rJ"l"u

'i.. 4jr[+

9. painting {*:d 4-d

4. houseplant

-L:DEi

14. end table

-c-r- j'++

4l-

n-i!rJ

13. fireplace

** .!: -:l' " ,,-

8. stereo system

j

3. basket

*rJ!

.s=+l

18. sofa / couch +1;! / +:s

;*;

21. candle holder

,-*jll ;lru 22. armchair / easy chair I ;,iri,.. ,: ,r-la 23. magazine holder +"Lr;s

":)L., ::i;arl $ta 24. carpet i:l.g

More vocabulary

light bulb: the light inside a lamp lampshade: the part of the lamp that covers the light bulb sofa cushions: the pillows that are part of the sofa

I


pL^- It

4gii

1. hamper

8. faucet

d!-) ou).ll 4l2. bathtub (+!; .u=;vt ,:3. soap dish g-9L* r* 4. soap (J+GX

,J91-

4+u.ir^,i

iuu+

4iiii" / 4tJB

7. drain ac\/bLJl

dr

, ;.i,l-i. / l"-rs ilt-

9. hot water .iil- eL"

16. bath towel

10. cold water

17. hand towel

:;L eL

11. grab bar iill

,

-

i1--i-X ii-jii^

:

,j.

18. mirror :t

6i-x

c$ir

gu-i;i.t; 24. toothbrush holder 25. sink (FF

19. toilet paper

cjL,ii! / .t)L

22. medicine cabinet a;3.:1 -) 9: 23. toothbrush

.r. irr..r" ,-, oUJ$r ctjt Jull

--y

12. tile

6. washcloth ; !i*

15. towel rack

a"sl-

,rl.,.

5. rubber mat

!@;;:#:oi@

ci_,_r

26. wastebasket s)1"{-

iL

13. showerhead diJl d"iJ

20. toilet brush ,',rlld1 iu-)i

27. scale

14. shower curtain

21. toilet

28. bath mat aLe; +.^

r.!l

1-

JrJr J$

More vocabulary stalt shower: a shower without a bathtub half bath: a bathroom with no shower or tub linen closet: a closet for towels and sheets

.rl--x / c$li

JIJJ.

Ask your classmates. Share tlie answers. 1. ls your toothbrush on the sink or in the medicine cabinet? 2. Do you have a bathtub or a shower? 3. Do you have a shower curtain or a shower door?

57


rdl i-iP l-:Ij]+lll:t+ll .. :il::l: I

/

r ir:r

4. picture frame jlrjillJ*JrUJ

8. mini-blinds ; 'd- i..,j- ,i L-r* ,rU9. bed .il-p / -r,.p 10. headboard -P;Jl s"11 11. pillow rl5- / trL-J

5. closet

12. fitted sheet

1. dresser ,:_i zl ,ll )6;l 12

bureau

\!

uL

tul s

2. drawer

',::t+ / 6;i 3. photos a+l_.rt_s._f

lJ-

al*k f")L"

tuJF / ulJl

Jul

{LlS;l_F

14. pillowcase

7. curtains rilji-

ils. / ;rL-J

15. blanket

u+S

22. rug

i:6-

4$tl+

16. quilt

23. night table / nightstand

ijt-l

-rfr:.:S / a-rd- 4lJU 24. alarm clock

17. dust ruffle LJJX i,jl-.i-::s.'is

4+j^

18. bed frame

25. lamp (;rFrri) CL,* 26. lampshade

; "Jl ;.:cLA 19. box spring _r>Jl, ",-., d_r,j

13. flat sheet

6. full-length mirror

.:rri*

cL-Jl

a.+-*j rj

20. mattress .Fly / +j-x

2T.lightswitch

21. wood floor

28. outlet

a..-ll i-GJj

ei":11 CUu

Jlrili

sL

Look at the pictures.

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

Describe the bedroom.

1. Do you prefer a hard or a soft mattress? 2. Do you prefer mini-blinds or curtains? 3. How many pillows do you like on your bed?

A: 58

il,:.

There's a lamp

on

the nightstand.

B: There's a mirror in the closet.

i+


JlilYl

ll

I

p_r

li_r

ffi

,F i!

I

Furniture and Accessories crl;13*sl3 l[. changing table

7. baby monitor

-Jl _u\ J_-il iJJu

Z

!)sleil a.iglJi;lll

changing pad

;j

-;Lir l*+ijl;rLJ

3- crib

_.=-;.)il;;,4. bumper pad

;i

i-tti9 rrLl

5. mobile ';-e ;;ljr irJ .a1.1

12. ball

18. dollhouse cr-:,I .-+

;JS

13. coloring book

.r-A':]iS

c,!,S^

9. bunk beds

14. crayons

20. cradle

(6:.:-x *x-x) garl6

10. safety rail eLi ', 'i :i 1

Toys and Games uLr.d9,r.J

8. wallpaper JjL.!,,:

1. bedspread

.-i.']ii /,r_p j,r-

6- chest of drawers

- ;:i

&Ei

11ra

4i*-x;tji .Xi 15. stuffed animals i;"i*

d!lrl-;1s

19. blocks

l(j

21. doll

i*:

16. toy chest .r'JJl .3r'r' ^

17. puzzle

-F

Pair practice. Make conversations.

Think about it. Discuss.

A: Where's

1. Which toys help children learn? How? 2. Which toys are good for older and younger children? 3. What safety features does this room need? Why?

the changing pad? B: It's on the changing table.

59


4$$dl -a::'.!

A. dust the furniture --i'_ ;c *irl1 $;i i F*J B. recycle the newspapers +.1 lr-*i*'-ttl .g*Jl

:ru

C. clean the oven

:uli

&;s

qig" d *Elri &"e* H. vacuum the carpet 4iqr4sjl fudsJq :L*-jl

l.

wash the windows Jr

J.

+r d".,e

sweep the floor LJLJq:i+;rYl d";si

g*,is*

"r:rJl L. empty the trash ;)r-gJl .l* &lq M. wash the dishes ;y"Jt ,i jlr-L)l ;L*ir N. dry the dishes jr+:"t *tlJi / d$*i

P. change the sheets jtrl4)LJr

,h,Ai

Q. take out the garbage

L'*rll #"&

O. wipe the counter r.r.a,nll

tu

Pair practice. Make new conversat:ons.

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

A:

1. Who does the housework in your home? 2. How often do you wash the windows? 3. When should kids start to do housework?

Let's clean this place. First, I'll sweep the floor. B: I'll mop the floor when you finish.

60

rjlEii

il-:t;"i.tL

G. put away the toys

a---- ---

I

K. scrub the sink

':

i+-:";lt gru E. polish the furniture

ql

F. make the bed

,;;slt *L.&X

D. mop the floor

":

*'rs'"#t


, i.,B:ll1 grlrji

@g

d @

1l

- feather duster

:r:tl

9. rags

a*iuJ

L

2- necycling bin

6.t

17. dustpan

L ,,' r 4!!A5t-i /t Lg-, )s-

a-Ls,ll

10. vacuum cleaner

r .'-S lLJl .:r)-g.ll

oie

urrd

e

itLil / -i:_rB

18. cleanser r!1". ' il^t.

a."rs.

3- oven cleaner ,;rt jJ.u

11. vacuum cleaner attachments 4-.:!J+<ll i.".Sll erti*

19. sponge 4+l-]

"[. rubber gloves

12. vacuum cleaner bag 4,il!J+Sll a-lsJl r,5

20. scrub brush

5. steel-wool soap pads :j:til\ CIL Ct!

13. stepladder

21. dishwashing liquid

6" sponge mop

t

I -j^

$ljtli

:_:ri .l ;i-."q

7. bucket / pail '-o/

J:

8. furniture polish - '\,r -i2r^&

Ways to ask

for something

-,

e*;uJ

! i,,

', ' LbLJLlhYr J.@

+. gtass cleaner

22. dish towel

gl+j ..-Ui"

-, t a,, gttult.

66

a-l:_53

15. squeegee ((r+litu) 4il1L 4-LL

23. disinfectant wipes ;;,i-L.!pL^

16. broom

24. trash bags

i-"is. / a.$.

hand me the squeegee. Can you get me the broom? I need the sponoe mop. Please

:':.L

JLr

cl)-4-

Lj"l,t<i

Pair practice. Make new coiiversations. Az Please hand me the sponge mop. B: Hereyou go. Doyou need the bucket? A: Yes, please. Can you get me the rubber gloves, too?

l

61


ted*!3 Jj.r.cJl d5l,:'r

1. The water heater is not working.

.jc;

Y

6. The lock is broken.

'LJl ;L-

7. The steps are broken.

3. The roof is leaking.

8. roofer

'

1

5. The window is broken. .i-.1j-454

i

i$trll

1

eJ,-i _jr -rl

iL

*s

--l

^ ^

z. carpinter :t+, 3. fuse box

(sljlill)

+\+r+Sll 2r1

14. gas meter ;l;Jl :lrc

10. repair person eL-J -tL" / dL-;

More vocabulary

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

fix: to repair something that is broken

A: The faucet is leaking. B: Let's callthe plumber. He can fix it.

pests: termites, fleas, rats, etc.

62

, ;;-i

9. electrician

is cracked.

.,3.:i.ir .t)tJt

t

sS. q-- 'il

itll

.vruJtlgs,i,i,,ll t r. .r

1. locksmith ,, ...f ll6ql

2. The power is out. P &!r 9.J! -t *Sll ,Lll '9v

4. The tile

1

.J9"S4 JEll

exterminate: to kill household pests

.-Jl ,!rrr.-


tg-)t-!s cjjj^ll CFL.L

15. The furnace is broken. .Jhrl-,11lJ1/;-;slt 'T

6. The pipes are frozen.

;!+.

!."1d1

20. plumber

25. fleas

,cS*/elllYJ

('"'ir

21. exterminator gl u:iJl ;lLl

!5-{

l-;c)

(_x:l_r) )jsy

22. termites (r",'eri .11 cl;a:16

27. rals

18. The sink is overflowing.

23. ants

28. mice*

'fi9. The toilet is

stopped up. :3r*r (c_,_Jl;jll) u-L;'Jt

(.J^)

&'

24. bedbugs (t:*) l*

.i c;r

26. cockroaches / roaches !-.-sj.,J-i,i

'il7. The faucet is dripping. .-Jri6 / Lil'l L!r-11 ..rj.l*o / Ct.L,*_rJt

ffi ffi ffi ffi ffi ffi ffi

(r.rlr5) i;r; (.tt-rs)

-.rG I i

xNote: one mouse, two mice

l l l

Ways to ask about repairs

Role play. Talk to a repair person.

How much wittthis repair cost? When can you begin?

A: Can you fix the rooft B: Yes, but it willtake two weeks. A: How much willthe repair cost?

How long will the repair take?

1

:i


1. roommates

3. music

5. noise

2. party ili..

f.

7. rules jrl$

Li,: eGiJ

4.

D)

(+B +.) nlil J.-Yl .Fj:*

6. irritated 6*-. i 6Ue"

8. mess 'l-i

invitation

:i*r; /;p-r

A. dance

l4Lil

,',"-! ,


Look at the pictures. What do you see?

-lllllL*

#1"-

Answer the questions. 1. What happened in

apartment 28? How many people were there?

2. How did the neighbor feel? Why? 3. What rules did they write at the

tenant meeting? 4. What did the roommates do after the tenant meeting?

llv,

Read the story.

The Tenant Meeting Sally Lopez and Tina Green are roommates. They live in apartment 28. One night they had a big party with music and a DJ.There was a mess in the hallway. Their neighbors were very

unhappy. Mr. Clark in 24 was very irritated. He hates noise! The next day there was a tenant meeting. Everyone wanted rules about

parties and loud music. The girls were very embarrassed.

-IE

J

After the meeting, the girls cleaned the mess in the hallway.Then they gave each neighbor an invitation to a new party. Everyone had a good time at the rec room party. Now the tenants have two new rules and a new place to dance.

NEXT SATURDAY...

Think about it.

-/

1. What are

the most important rules in an apartment building? Why?

2. lmagine you are the neighbor in 2A. What do you say to Tina and Sally?

I

II

\\

------.'-;*

T-f# :a

65

t," I

.#&t,

ii


1. fish -:i-.

2. meat 3. chicken !:

4. cheese 5. milk --".I*

6. butter

+j 7. eggs 8. vegetables ;iJi*:ia

(6)

i

! t

I

l

Listen and point. Take turns.

Pair Dictation

A: Point to the vegetables.

A: Write veaetables.

B: Point to the bread. A: Point to the fruit.

B: Please spellvegetables for me. Az

V- e-

g- e -t- a-b -l- e -s.


9. fruit 4â&#x201A;ŹSll

10. rice

::\ 1

1. bread dl' / i+i

12. pasta '* g e'\ L-lr I

(4jrlSJl

13. grocery bag 4lGJl up.S

14. shopping list

J."il

a-iLi

15. coupons

Crly6

vmilk

{

v

'/

Ways to

talk about food.

Role play. Talk about your shopping list.

Do we need eggs?

A: Do we need eggs?

Do we have any pasta?

B:

We have some vegetables.

but we need fruit.

bread {ettuce graPes

No, we have some.

A: Do we have any...


4-FLilt

wry @

%d%-

ffiryff'

@d

5T

%* pgf, 1. apples

9. tangerines

-lii C*

-rL u

tO. p"u.h",

2. bananas

-F

)v 3. grapes

1

4.

pears

..'ix 5. oranges .

\Lii

"

6. grapefruit 1oo's*S\ii=jl .-J JJ \ I

,J

7. lemons 1;i-i .lrC) o:+: 8. limes (er-"l' ;i ,rri ;r"r:; ;"t

dut sri 18. watermelons

1. cherries

19. melons

..+i 26. prunes /.ii-.,i.!"\1,,^t . vrJ-t \

20. papayas

13. plums ,jY-r

21. mangoes

14. strawberries

22. kiwi

/ alrl;s

15. raspberries *SJ- ei9 16. blueberries 4!dl cJji

,i

4

27. figs

,$

iL"-,ji

12. apricots ,Ji..i.

-,J

25. raisins

,..L

iS

!-ne

17. blackberries

28. dates

J/

tr"1+

*i

29. a bunch of bananas

i-r L>'

JFil-

30. ripe banana

6rtr;.s^

9F

23. pineapples

31. unripe banana

r.r.l

24. coconuts

(i#) C+u

*

,ts^

32. rotten banana

Sell ,,-r+

illc jJ.

Ask your classmates. Share thebnswers.

68

1. Which fruit do you put in a fruit salad? 2. What kinds of fruit are common in your native country? 3; What kinds of fruit are in your kitchen right now?


cilg*itiJl

ffi ._*x !

:l

ffi

t.

Wffi

,!

ii ri

ii

ti

6irts

9. celery

1. lettuce

.A

U."r-s

2. cabbage

10. cucumbers

irr.L / +-S 3. carrots

1

7. potatoes .),l.u+ / uu+

rA

1. spinach

blqi

-"',bls

8. string beans

'Jr-c

(.:l,r ri*)

lt5 / ,;:i

21. peas

()j!) n\

(.L",4t"ple).-](sr v Jr. -.J \ lrt9 14. cauliflower

7. bell peppers "I\

*Jsi

13. broccoli

;-,rr+/aJ"*/+Ll

22. artichokes

4r-p

*J,i-F

15. bok choy

23. eggplants

,JJ':n

df

16. turnips

.rhjrq

24. squash c,d (_J

.jl

Pair practice. Make new conversations. A: Do you eat broccoli? B: Yes. ! like most vegetables, but not peppcn. A: Realty? Wett, t don't like cautiflower.

27. mushrooms

20. green onions / scallions

:

!J:

6. tomatoes

!d6

J.-+

12. corn

,\i".': / F+

26. asparagus

l-l.U+

19. onions

oL-

4. radishes J+ 5. beets

L,rs

18. sweet potatoes

t\: 1

25. zucchini

cJ-

i

;.1"s

I

28. parsley

x

I {

O!JI+

29. chili peppers ,L, lila 30. garlic i-ts

31. a bag of lettuce

.)*

l.tsr$

32. a head of lettuce LJ^

cJ*iJ

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

l.

Which vegetables do you eat raw? cooked?

2. Which vegetables do you put in a green salad? 3. Which vegetables are in your refrigerator right now?

69


ipt3.tll3 fJslll

pqyk Jijiilt fJ

Beef Jqd 1. roast

r*,J

.9;'l+

2. steak (cl;iqr)

Poultry

d

(a_d.-)

J^ dt-

10. pork chops

14. leg of lamb

u ii

--l -il '1 1 1. bacon

".1,

^/. ltver ! rj(

(.r:+; 3't*

"1.-

il-i

15. lamb chops

-rj! !

,

L- J

--i1 L'

.i

12. sausage

8. tripe (.-lJS)

13. lamb shanks

-r_tg .:i SJ

.*u

6. veal cutlets 1J.\ , kc J -il J \' .t -. \ !

d.--J,i

3. stewing beef (iii,r! r* #) ,jLJl -J 4. ground beef rJJ* #

cj;Ej

"iJsll

/ 'jc-

!q13.!l

16. chicken

18. duck

c:-

l+

-l-

9. ham

5. beef ribs

(-,--,-r) elei.ll

Lamb (cti.at; d,asll esl

,

17. turkey

19. breasts

,-o

JJls

tdr:

20. wings

22. thighs

i-i-i

cilJri / jl-i-ii

21. legs A,,i

23. drumsticks (GlSll+ riill i-l-e)

g*,1i.lir

24. raw chicken c+ 6F' 25. cooked chicken 6.*-b asl.r

More vocabulary

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

vegetarian: a person who doesn't eat meat boneless: meat and poultry without bones skinless: poultry without skin

l.

What kind of meat do you eat most often? 2. What kind of meat do you use in soups? 3. What part of the chicken do you like the most?


4*3*l,

idi3

a;;s,,tt ciVjSrlt

ji.;'t

*,

?,.," :-r rj*,'

f+

F:-!F;{ -.*+ ri

'i,:

,i*:

q +F

fi'.1 tr;.'';';'l':',

fisft I

r:lt u,,i

" trout

-i;r i:r;r

:t*

Shellfish 6. halibut steak .: Ja /4.!i) \ .. / a' 7. tuna

,a",.

2. catfish _ JJl cL*

9. crab

(!trt5)

"i:

(;jrstLt)

8. cod

;sj*L

$jl ,jl*

("\)

5. swordfish

13. mussels

.i

21. roast beef (.-,+j:-,r)

,s. *i"u, u*uo =-:^i

r

22. corned beef

j+i

20. rye bread

: .1.:.t '-i

*:& *-e

(.-++)

d-

23. pastrami

Llt

+

+_x e,t

ri'.

^

16. fresh fish

eil!

'4

*

17. frozen fish ,J\ .

,

JI !.J

27. Swiss cheese

**)tJl ;e.ln) 25. smoked turkey

â&#x201A;ŹJ*+J-

26. American cheese

A_xi

o++

28. cheddar cheese

,-A.:. .r^:,, d-L.

l+i,..r++

29. mozzarella cheese

.t++

);_rL*:i:-.r+

Ways to order at the counter

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

td like some roast beef.

A: What can I get for you? B: ld like some roast beef. How about

I'll have a hatibut steak and some shrimp. Could I get some Swiss cheese?

-.

g" *ll=Jl

la.

24. salami pL i.J.l

\l

15. clams

rl;-

:t:'i.;i

,;l^.,

white bread

;s=Jl

,rLr,/,c^

12. scallops

"lll8.

aai r

11. shrimp

4. salmon steak -^1., 14Ji\ \ .- / a* ,i

.,, ,i

uUJ*

10. lobster

4.Jlll

3. whole salmon

14. oysters Js-Jl

A: A pound of roast beef coming up!

a pound?


alQlt

3. scale

1. customer

LJI

2. produce section a+'l_,jl ertliill i*{

5. pet food

4-Jjill uljl

lt-

4. grocery clerk 4lGll t^ 9!-A -L

7. cart *511

il-.t

oj* !-,rt

8. manager

6. aisle

Canned Foods

Dairy

olr,h,^

O$Yl crttrr'

iJLi;

Grocery Products ctr,r^

Frozen Foods ir..o* ciY3SL

17. beans

20. margarine (.s.S..' ) .r,n-x 21. sour cream a--b-i- (4-*JS) t!i!

23. aluminum foil

26. ice cream

24. plastic wrap jSjL)L .+lA .:_r_,

27. frozen vegetables

22. yogurt

25. plastic storage bags

28. frozen dinner

..Jj

18. soup

,L^ / t:-+19. tuna {iJili ,4" . j.rie Ways to ask

.-rJ / qti+-l

for information in

a

grocery store

pe-iJi .+i;l o-lr

'':

4+J-jC .l o, .-p!$l

,"r)i+ / +tr / a-,S l*j 6l* fls

c:l; ,.:a eLfe.;.sJ

Pair practice. Make <oiiversations.

Can you please tell me where to find the dog food?

A: Can vou please tell me where to find the dog food? B: Sure. !t's in aisle 18. Do you need anything etse?

Do you have any lamb chops today?

A: Yet where are the carrots?

Excuse me, where are the carrots?

72

1.1..


tlqll d..

shopping

bask<

1

13. cashier

1. line

,,rlt /,

idl,iL 10. self-checkout

jli ut ,,,-11 g:

;.^

12. checkstand

Cjl

_S_x

.!r

ri,

^

15. cash register

;ii-j

lJsrll

14. bagger d*LEi

i=j'- /

,

lid

4ll

16. bottle return

ffi ffi 4dJlJl

LdS^

(30) \_-,/

nbl+jjl illcl

g1S^

+@

,,J&G

-*M ffiffi

wffi%

Baking Products -

:.

" Jili.ii^

29. flour

Beverages

Snack Foods

d3l+JJ^i.a

+4pii

32. apple juice

35. potato chips 1 ..,,',i a..lL JLL

6l_i: r'^.a

to. iusar

F

31. oil

+i

33. coffee : -^i

34. soda / pop l.:;e / a;1le u11y;"j^

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

l.

What is your favorite grocery store? 2. Do you prefer to shop alone or with friends? 3. Which foods from your country are hard to find?

\v

W ffi

Baked Goods

ovSL

.-

/

-

36. nuts d]lJ*&

37. candy bar u JJI 6 {lil

ijJri-l

a-crli

38. cookies LG

,

/\e -t- '+i , :LS\| .:.-t ^<

39. cake as,s

40. bagels (t+'tt

.t

u-lJii) J+

Think about it. Discuss. " l. ls it better to shop every day or once a week? Why? 2. Why do grocery stores put snacks near the checkstands? 3. What's good and what's bad about small grocery stores?


ilJrjJ

d3l+-91r,

Mru#Kfu 1. bottles 4+l+i

2. jars

OLJ",x

3. cans

lilr* (el')

/ Ot"l-r

4J'

4. cartons ((),ili) Jli 4&

6. boxes

5. containers eLeJ

/ 4iJL

/,ir:L-\ \v" I

,i,,1. ^/ vJ

@

7. bags (o"lisi) o*rs

8. packages (eir) Li,,

9. six-packs

10. loaves

,.,t. ,i

o[B

@

1

1. rolls

(.iic;i) , irr,

j d! 4+JL.il.ie

12. tubes

(..+ul)++i

(.:rbr.il) 4il

@

@

J fl#E ':w

@

13. a bottle of water tL" 4+t+J

14. ajar ofjam

4;^ 9Lt; 15. a can of beans ,

1

7. a container of cottage cheese . J- * L.t'/"Lc .

21. a six-pack of soda (pop) ll l- ciLl^J d! 4+JL .iJe

18. a box ofcereal (J!-x.,) +-p {J'

22. a loaf of bread

19. a bag of flour

23. a roll of paper towels +$;_e jpL* a.il

l.i iJc

16. a carton of eggs e,:* (;)ctr-S

3

.-!*..r$ 20. a package of cookies ,"'.1

,S.+

LjJ

ii

24.

a

"-q.--l

tube oftoothpaste

..1ir-i

g.:*

.fra.i

Grammar Point: count and non-count

Pair practice. Make conversations.

Some foods can be counted: an apple, two apples. Some foods can't be counted: some rice, some wqter. For non-count foods, count containers: tyyo bags of rice.

A; How many boxes of cereal do we need? B: We need two boxes.

ilc


;lrt ^tlj 6llYl

A. Measure the ingredients. .;:GJl ,.;l*i

Uquid Measures

B. Weigh the food.

.L!r

C. Convert the measurements.

,.,i:

.,J#1S11

cjjr.j

dilJr,.Jl JrrLi.

ffi

1 fl. oz.

1 pt.

Dry Measures i3t+lt .rljrJl -.;s$L

"@

w 1 tsp.

*=*M,**.., 1 TBS.

1/4 c.

1 gal.

& 112 c.

Weight

@" 11.

a

fluid ounce of milk

, ;\-11 eio

Z

5. a gallon of water

LfiL" a.=i:i

a cup of oil

-+j:r-6 3. a pint of frozen yogurt

-+" (C) 19rLj Ls.ir 4. a quart of milk ,iil- ltl6

Equivalencies

9. a half cup of raisins

oL ,t-ilt+

..+-,ll

..1.

-:ts. i

6. a teaspoon of salt ^lll *,cLia-iiJ

10. a cup of flour c#:ll .r" .:1S

7.

1

a tablespoon of sugar

iJt s

(!Js-) il-.t l&1"

fl. oz.= 30 ml

1 Pt.:= ,47 L

;tii 1

12. a pound of roast beef

r$l-J elj.r. (,E:) sr!

t.!

Weight

Volurne 1

1. an ounce of cheese .t*rjl gF i-:iji

8. a quarter cup of brown sugar ,-iJl SJI ,xqS-' v r

^,

1

:

o4,= 2$.35 grams (g)

2.205 lbs. = 1 kilogr.am {kg) .

gal. = 3.79 L

75


ai^),..,g flt Lll JH..h:i

Food Safety at-"tttL)* A. clean .i.

!-!5J

B. separate

,ldll C. cook e+!l

D. chill .t-f / ,lof

Ways to Serve Meat and Poultr1l inlsJls eJrlll

l.

fried chicken

rii!i:lr,1dt&

4. roasted turkey

5. boiled ham

o:$l

J*asiJ d-lL

8. hardboiled eggs l\rtl J J* ,J;.#

c ui: .:*

ZJ

10. eggs sunny-side up \S.i -lc lL

1

.;,'

Role play. Make new conversations.

76

6. stir-fried beef . ,,\iii\L lij^ < ,L --\

7. scrambled eggs

'rc

"*t

3. broiled steak ,i;"L.J'*ii

1hl:* !!i!.il4iii1!

*-:,,4.

Ways to Serve Eggs

,

d-t!

2. barbecued / grilled ribs -rlt *l' 4+j.j:. / 4+ri. (t_it-)

& zL:

,jJ"il .,s X-L

#:.ll

A: How do you like your eggs? B: I like them scrarnbled. And you? A: t like them hardboiled.

9. poached eggs JUll el-]l .:s L-Jti" rJ-J*

1. eggs over easy

12. omelet

IJILJ 14r: *&

/i.*\ \/

r-E+

,'',1

"

.1

,Ji.+

-"

Ask your (lassmates. Share the answers. 1. Do you use separate cutting boards? 2. What is your favorite way to serve meat? poultry? 3. What are healthy ways of preparing meat? poultry?


,! 'o ''e" s l+k"%ti

'";a*\:

Cheesy Tofu Vegetable Casserole

A. Preheat the oven,

._p:,.

E. Saute the mushrooms.

Easy

&S

p* ic;**

.J*it

Chicken Soup

Cut up the chicken.

:;i*

gh}

#! et+:ji

$t

"eL-ii *1"

i'd.*

J. Dice

the celery. -

.{3'.Fetu,jll

**Fl t#

N. Add the vegetables.

",;.rr.;Jl

Break 2 eggs into a microwave-safe bowl.

-i L:UJ,r3;1L;-r *r:-6.* *P i'**i-)l

qSelJU

,'*51

C. Slice the tofu. .p:1;+i:,ri

;4lt

g*r4

G. Grate the cheese. ***

..ll+r i4r

D. Steam the broccoli. .:t**11 e"b â&#x201A;Źlj51jlll 4&l

H. Bake. .*Jsll

crs

jj.l

i r-' ryi-''; j. ,.p;

g.i&+l

Quick and Easy Cake

O.

L*LL I l_p.:J= ;.j

F. Spoon sauce on top.

a-h!

\1. Boil the chicken.

:+Jl

;*3iil; -ri.,;* 4;*43 fus_p*$

B. Grease a baking pan.

,i:u;;"Jl ,jss

:,+S1 ;pe

oi*-t.Xi

4fu+-,"-g

K. Peel the carrots.

.Jill

J#e

O. Stir,

L. Chop the onions. J*ii1 {eji}e*,3

P. Simmer.

u.Lmi

.4,L":la

;U,r:")

e&++ j.&t

i*#;"'u ;*.5

R. Mix the ingredients.

:,f

'S,,ll

J=inl

S. Beat the mixture. .}=jkjl

u_j"41

T. Microwave for 5 minutes. .-;16: o

ril

kqJJJ5+.11 ,Fi

4.h1

77


6L.ll

c,l3ri

jE 6.6. E. E ;if64+'â&#x201A;Ź :4 * ++::#q #,iâ&#x201A;Ź

+s B f +t.igFffi H-a

s&l

I

,i

4

1. can opener

9. wooden spoon

2. grater

il_,_6,1$ / r+s J+l

iL+.

4. plastic storage container l$.i-\ uij.Jj 4+JL'

12. carving knife

5. frying pan

13. roasting pan

D

.,<

/

eUl

A:

me the whisk. B: Here's the whisk. Do you need anything else? A: Yes, pass me the casserole dish. Please ha;nd

\

'J

,

(cl.lr-Jl; ;tr ^"

23. tongs

il.iL 24.lid

16. paring knife +is ;$-

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

i

22. strainer

15. vegetable peeler r!!J ":- ;JL,l!

8. double boiler (a+:r_r^ 4tla) sl,X E:r_x

28. pie pan

.:,' /q '.:^\ {ii,il-

;.ii:-

c ",lJl a\ri, Y2

i_iy*

,,11\vJc JJl oJ 4,j,f;l ./ ^< \ t

21. whisk

14. roasting rack oul

7. ladle

78

v

eu1

27. cookie sheet

ai,l^

20. eggbeater ,

."1\\ .Ll /;,_iL YJ

)+s

6. pot

;F

.*lli L.^,Lil \2

dLSl

a'L

19. spatula

e-i i-**

J1-iJL .r<l.ll eLcJ

tu.Lll ,",,i i

!,

11. garlic press

3. steamer

18. kitchen timer

25. saucepan ..: ^ ..i r)26. cake pan

iits*

10. casserole dish

i ui+

ore /

17. colander

li-jj.".i:iiirL

,.,1. i^LiA

)tl"s.il+29. pot holders 4.-1- l +Vl .i1<,,,." 30. rolling pin

4r,i / u+r'Jl J1-!J 31. mixing bowl Llr (eG,r) iljl

L1,,,

"Lb Use the new words. Look at page 77. Name the kitchen utensils you see. Az Here's q grater.

B:

This is a mixing bowl.


4+;*,,'ll gLrr,. J'll fr.h.o

ii;:;iiiilili:#

1. hamburger

7. nachos

(J+ll FJ) ->-r_r+^a r.S::-

zL.: , ,ji ":i

6. hot dog (63.:

o:a) ei+-

9. burrito r+-tg

eiLUJl iS,S

10. pizza

(o*+-) ;;-e.:^;

1. soda ir *

/ cgjLc !j

12. iced tea ^li- , cL;

Grammar Point: yes/no questions (do,, Do you like hamburgers? yes, ! do. Do you like nachos? No, I don't.

di^

19. plastic utensils

4S$-\.L.t rtr:i 20. sugar substitute SJI Lr 21. ketchup (-,.uts)

16. muffin

l-)r*l 1

S-dl J^ jrs *s d_S u+l

14. milkshake d "ii* ', "\- / !J 15. donut

rsu

oUt

"IL,j,-1 5. chicken sandwich

,",i

8. taco

:+jl C. JsJJd.A UIXJI!

4. onion rings

13. ice-cream cone

J-}dU

2. french fries lli^,J*ltl4 3. cheeseburger

+liiriliir

+lJ a*L

22. mustard +LA

17. counterperson ( ii i!:J^ll , LLc 'lsl) 18. straw i:*l- / 4tLj-j:

(i.J:,"r.)

Jri i*-t*-

23. mayonnaise :-'+::t"

24. salad bar s1J")LJl c6: /

o+r

Think about it. Discuss 1 t- t- - t t ^ ) is 1. F\n your +hi^I, Do .,a' think +L.^+ that f--+ fast t^ food bad for people? Why or why not? 2. What fast foods do you have in your country? 3. Do you have a favorite fast food restaurant? Which one?

: i

79


,,4i" ef tbL't a4jE 1. bacon

(":s+)eu',rja

gtrg#gtrg#*ffimffi6ff9#g*qs6s4sg*66gsg#gfgffigtrgHg$gffig#g#g#gsry*gffg$i

d

-**,@o.i--BRtAKrA5T5p[ClAL"'"Fi.5c?:?..-FeEqF3':sH5

2. sausage qiuii\v.i* /, \v I

W,.#'"':,R,r:::

ffi

3. hash browns Lelu3 !li-,;J-U+ 4. toast 1,-',,dr\ Jtv \

g*g€.H..$9sg#*H3 gTyFg€;3

.^"-- ,n

5. English muffin !_xl+,1 a++y"

ffi

Served 6 a.m.

to 11 a.m-

6. biscuits ,",,r cS*+ i;l"A 7. pancakes (e-ts!)i)r6\+r,s 8. waffles

$ilt

\+t"

9. hot cereal i:iL- (cJ\-r+-) +:+10. grilled cheese sandwich rs ,:J.:i-

,c"L 1

ffii*E@S*4@s€

Served 1'l a"m. to 2 p.m. All sandwiches corne with soup or salad

1. pickle "[i- ;tlt

W

12. club sandwich

(_s::i .:A)

.r:LJt

_i:;:i

13. spinach salad

al;-

e,!-

14. chef's salad il( L\l u,SJ 4l)Lu

7

, i, r,t1 i11_

15. dinner salad eLiJl

iar it\

16. soup

cls / 1r-i 17. rolls

j>

ffi il*ffi

i+-itr*#

5 lD t

SALADS

6$$*'!:*d,6*ffi Hsspcii*ffi !-H*ffi u.s"

SALAD

DP

18. coleslaw (rLJjs) \.iJS 4t\

Thousand lsland

19. potato salad 9JU+ 4t)t-

20. pasta salad (u-L) turlss 4t)L

Italian

21. fruit salad 4Slrs

ffi ffi

Ways

to order'from a menu

t'd like a grilled cheese sandwich. l'll have a bowl of tomato soup.

I

lr

N fi

J,*****,

ft

w

Blue Cheese

ffi

4t)t*g*g$gs6Hg'sgffigsgfu-$rffig*gHv;igffi;€*3rr*gffigsg€gsg*r*g*gsgsgsgsgig#gHg*g

80

t55l

"=l-Bi

Could I get the chef

i

salad. with ranch dressihg?

gygEg*: e*s;Tgfrg*g€

Pair practice. Make conVersations. A: ld like a orilled cheese sandwich, please. B: Anything else for you? Az Yes, !'ll have a bowl of tomato soup with that.


,r{i"

,

" g=

ce ,trt^tt

iait!

g€gflr$gY6&rHg*;*gFg#gHigffg#gFgSgHgffi6$g$g-eg*g,i641;$gfi;$68g6g#gH.ffgTg#g*g* ffiffi

nmffisDlNNtP

e nsa*Bsffis'effi s6ffi*q*

m&m

g$_#g#gH

nF

€@mms6e

22. roast chicken 'r rsll -i ^"L" g-L=: 23. mashed potatoes +-3;a-

(a+-r-*)

,,"J.t L,

24. steak (d-LL)

i.+-)-

+r&,f-g.J

25. baked potato rjJrll .J ; xl." .4lLL 26. spaghetti

(et !-l) +!rtr +,+: L3_,S* 27. meatballs (a+--s)d i+s 28. garlic bread

ed! -'S 29. grilled fish psjll

*! €J*,,\ *

30. rice -t:\

31. meatloaf ,.,rLd

rrr

,-s

a,,1L

p_r_F.

J

32. steamed vegetables "i=*es*sffe-n*wwvmmsew+r:.ms#rresaffiff

Df55ruJ$

:tJl _b .ii.A.

*******skw*j4€6ffi6ffis:+sstrr:.ffi#$ss**:ss*r

33. layer cake cjlill. dla;iSJ

34. cheesecake a)++

aSd

35. pie ;-+ts

36. mixed berries LK*.:f.9l rrr:::*4**E+q!Ee*esqigureemwrr.***.**"*

btVtRAfif5

*******EBr*+m*ssmmr*€gs::.#e;i##H*sGs

37. coffee i

-"4

38. decaf coffee ;#siS ;3q ;r,+i 39. tea L5s

+0. herbal tea !l.v.':. i .Li

41. cream ',irl- ;r;ii / !,.;33€g$g'fr*6Hg$gffg;gffi.lHTtrsffig$g#gHX*mffigarSg-$*$ES**m:;sffi*&g*;:ffig#p$g&ryff6*gHgff6&g6s

Ask your classmates. Share the answers. 1. Do you prefer vegetable soup or chicken soup? 2. Do you prefer tea or coffee? 3. Which desserts on the menu do you like?

g#;

;s!

42. low-fat milk e-Jl .-;.+i ,,ill-

Role play. Order a dinner fibrn the menu. A: Are you ready to order? B: t think so. t'll have the roast chicken. Az Would you atso like...?

c:lr

!--


dining room e'-

Ltl

iiL-

2. hostess

ii.;"

A. set the table 4lrl-Lll

J;r-r B. seat the customer ;;lr-jl "r.J+: C. pour the water etll q{sJ

3. high chair C$,x q--S 4. booth 'elll

,_.*_x

;$;t ;r"i^

5. to-go box

JlJl Jl gre

al]c

6. patron / diner aLJ.ll ;rtr:,, ,ri; / ..19;

isL"

D. order from the menu

G. clear / bus the dishes

atlll a-jLq c.).,,.lll E. take the order ,:,tLIl di4 F. serve the meal q++-,lt

euj^\r l:)

/ 4lrU"lr *.Ic J^ dLJ")l 4lrLtll , ;'t|i'.

4.';g

H. carry the tray

a.i'Ji Ja+

eJq

''"-* I l I I

82i

l

1

I

More vocabulary eat out: to go to a restaurant to eat take out: to buy food at a restaurant and take it home to eat

Look at the pictures. Describe what is happening.

A;

She's seating the customer.

B; He's taking the order.

7. menu eLlll a^jl! 8. server / waiter .r;--t+ / Jrl:

pay the check (.:L-Jt) ;r;LLit 6l+ leave a tip f

.ilJ,iiit d_JiJ


ft!"

9. server / waitress :.-*:s / ilrLi '10. dessert tray

iJl irrl.i ir:M

17. place setting .r- Lll

;J|r- jt++

18. dinner plate

alls. 1

pL!;*

9. bread-and-butter plate i:r;Jlj j+Jl ,'tM

20. salad plate 4l)LJl ,jpt

1

1. bread basket

13. dish room

iiJl al

e

12. busser

21. soup bowl a+:,i,.iiJt +r:t i^t

t,

.-.pL\

23. wine glass \r., i

,"

s

+-Jt

L

il JjL\

24. cup Ut+j!

&

16. chef

\./

f-il,i\;l."l.ll

sJL:e

25. saucer ,,

22. water glass c\.dl

^Jl

14. dishwasher

/\er ,* J.Jl\I v \:Lll rr

15. kitchen

.ii9

-lllClil !S-

26. napkin LrilL"i

,

29. steak knife

Jlii.\l a,: i$L"I

*

30. knife

Js-

J.ru

27. salad fork

31. teaspoon

i.DtJi isr.i 28. dinner fork

,

cL;i

{iiJ

32. soupspoon

iU 4Sr-

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

Role play. Talk to a new busser.

A: Excuse me, this spoon is dirty. B: I'm so sorry. I'll get you a clean spoon right qway. A: Thanks.

A: Do the salad forks go on the left? B: Yes.They go next to the dinner forks. A: What about the...7

L::- ai,l

83


1. live music

t+ ssl--l 2. organic *'"1+ rL..i 4eJJj iL'j-

3. lemonade ', J /iru tJ\-t \ 4. sour J* / s;.*

5. samples .,.4

d1r.

gLre

6. avocados L-r.; / clsyi

7. vendors

,rJ-! 8. sweets dr!-d'

9. herbs -t-Li A. count .rij 7 ,..o.i


Look at the pictures. What do you see? Answer the questions.

C*r'wy'ea,k4t

1. How many vendors are at the market today? 2. Which vegetables are organic? 3. What are the children eating? 4. What is the woman counting? Why?

@

nead the story.

The Farmers'Market On Saturdays, the Novaks go to the farmers'market. They like to visit the vendors. Alex Novak always goes to the

hot food stand for lunch. His children love to eat the fruit samples. Alex's father usually buys some sweets and lemonade. The lemonade is very sour. Nina Novak likes to buy organic herbs and vegetables. Today, she is buying avocados. The market worker counts eight avocados. She gives Nina one more for free. There are other things to do at the market. The Novaks like to listen to the live music. Sometimes they meet friends there. The farmers'market is a great place for families on a Saturday afternoon.

Think about it. 1. What's good or bad about shopping at a farmers'market?

2. lmagine you are at the farmers' market. What willyou buy?

85

Ii


Listen and point.Take turns.

Dictate to your partner. Take turns.

A: Point to the dress.

Az Write dress.

B: PointtotheT-shirt. Az Point to the baseball cao.

B: Is that spelled d-r-e-s-s? A: Yes. That's right.


8. blouse -t OJJ+

9. handbag ,.r

+ll^1:

/ Lgi-

10. skirt

(x:+) ;',-r1

1. suit al:r

12. slacks / pants ,ll .!i,^lLi,

13. shoes

!ii 14. sweater

(;js)_p:! B. put on ;eJill

Ways to compliment clothes That's a

pretty

dress!

Those are great shoes! I

really like your baseball cap!

Role play. Compliment a friend.

A: That's a pretty

dress! Green is a great color on you.

B: Thanks! I really like your...

,jsj


d*ll

CaSual ClOtheS i+.l..,,Jll * a!!j! / ; e,nid cardigan sweater elsi^

eJ ^ v ^(i';S\ \t tJr

3. pullover sweater

*iJl i.J. v * v J 19 -{*/;*{\ J \ r 4. sports shirt

4+;!J iJi,"

|

/

GJ J.

6. overalls (Je;ei);;;rlt

10. uniform

7. knit top Af e.rs-r- i,r8. capris (J"t.L j+;" .r Jli,)

11. business suit

:ls*

JL@l

88

!

,Ji-qdl

:,

{}

12. tie dJ,.lS

;

J.ti,

/Li!t s\ 'iic J te \

9. sandals

13. briefcase

J$-

JIJJI

4-i'

5. maternity dress

J-lr-X

l* *jl

Work Clothes

o+l,l-ll

1. cap

Ug[.q3 {;a-,,,,;Jl3

c-,Li"s

More vocabulary

Describe the people. Take turns.

three piece suit: matching jacket, vest, and slacks outfit: clothes that look nice together in fashion / in style: clothes that are popular now

A: She3 wearing a maternity dress. B: He's wearing a uniform.

iLl

,

-He cJ.+)-oJl

or+)j


,,,,.'.,,.

u

.i-,..:..*.-,:.1

i,..,".','.r+)i*i

I

t+'J

:i ::;::.

FOrmal ClOtheS,4-;,l.o.,;!i

'4.

sports jacket / sports coat ,.,._.,

1

a-p4i!,Ji

,_+-,... ,r ,1*'-.

18. evening gown

il rr.,, 'i!.1.

,, .,.=l "..i,. .; !-..

20. cocktail dress j-='.,-; 1-.,:, ii=:i.,-j

'17. tuxedo t:

-.,.-ll

j.-,-."-.,,, :r,,;.1,,.,

ti!rt!?tal:,i,j :-:'."..''t

,

,.li::.,

-.,.-,.:,'

..:,i.:

l;=l.-;,,ji*

1. What's your favorite outfit? 2. Do you like to wear formal clothes? Why or why not? 3. Do you prefer to exercise in shorts or sweatpants?

iii

.lr.ir. :,r-rrl 1 r,.,

;J, i-',r.=:=l,-li,qp,

24. tank top !_;li .=.,:..ji,,

"=,":'....i

,.i.fj

j

-,.:, _.,-.,..

-.,. , ti

25. shorts i;-:

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

4.'1.."r!1,

i,"=i;,.i.i,.1-.",,.4:, :.,:. i,-.tJ

21. high heels .1,1.:r

f

22. sweatshirt / hoodie ,.r,i-_,ll .-k= i-a;1^,.1 i-i,, / :i,;L!-:; : ,:1: 23. sweatpants

19. clutch bag

16. bow tie

I

EXg f CiSe Wea

iiil:.

5. vest

i:t:,-:.:

-1

,":;i ;.,-...-li . , "t 1..,

Think about it. Discuss. 1. What jobs require formal clothes? Uniforms? 2. What's good and bad about wearing school uniforms? 3. What is your opinion of today's popular clothing?

89

ell


i+4-"Cl cJ-.Ul

1. hat

5. winter scarf

i+

,< YJ

2. (over)coat

("*tts)-lt!/(6+Jti)':L'" 3. headband

.ril4i

6. gloves eiljli!

10. mittens

7. headwrap

1. ski hat +Hl *l' ,A,!jt o+ 12. leggings

.i

4. leatherjacket +i+ (;_!-){jsl^

,tt ,

eL-i \i+i*d,ljlji 1

t^ .: *u

8. jacket aisl.

17. umbrella

GL.,[ eL-s / dl .'L\1

20. rain boots

J.ll (L1.) ,!LJt

4+.""j

18. raincoat

*JLc el.:s

21. trench coat (_E :t cr dlr qjiL*) JL:JI

:.L 1;r1;, ,i^* 19. poncho

(;'!'o$,

9. parka (i.iiL 4-.i1;s ;Jl-),liJi

"i..i !-L,i - "

;ay

-9i

c1.

i1r, ^

15. ski mask

+Hl

*i'.}J.;lll eS

16. down jacket

;1 ji ..a; dr 4+

4lStr

25. cover-up

23. straw hat

26. swimsuit / bathing suit i il! / a-!- .1+ ("-*..u) "t*U tl-' 27. sunglasses

c.,"ilt

e* +r+

C,Ljl -J. ajslj ; 4--s ir):L

oiir,li

c-.:i^

oLtrl!

'1

(-.Jr;* "+':) -*;;rt!

Grammar Point: should

Pair practice. Make nerfu conversations.

raining. You should take an umbrella. tt's snowing.You should wear a scarf. It's sunny. You should wear a straw hat.

A;

It's

qsJ

e!!3

22. swimming trunks ("*t-) Jt+J isli ,ll c:Jrj

24. windbreaker ;L-")

13. earmuffs rll u- s!)J 14. down vest

tt's snowing. You should wear a scarf. B: Don't worry. l'm wearing my Wfus. A: Good, and don't forget your mittens.


psill

o+).: i.,titSt cp.).ll

Unisex Underwear

Men's Underwear

:*.j+ll

dt+jl4Ji,lt

>tSl

4.dit.r o+)1.

1. undershirt

4. boxer shorts

i\LA\ \. /9 -]=1:,,^,"i 2. thermal undershirt :,1 o YJJ

9

\ll:

/\v.'".S)1. ".Jr' "-:\ l * -Llr

rl )r-

5. briefs 6. athletic supporter jockstrap / +:l1;JJ

.1l>U

Women's Socks

7. ankle socks

10. low-cut socks

+rJ-tS

9L,,,'ilt er,;ljrs,

u;l,p

3tiilYl ;;r*d ,,,115 I 1. anklets

8. crew socks a.;!J uJlF

,,.^! jl i^i,ll "*

.^,.d

3. long underwear

oIA i.Ll:

o..,r.)-o

Unisex Socks O+..liill )5J i;y.a! !r;lJ+

/

")-13.11

9. dress socks

1ts:1L

o;19

12. knee highs ',,i,< Jl plS

c_+*,).:JlJ+

vrJL

'L

-

,l

*

""-!_.,J"!-, ,;L,,11 .-

WOmen'S

UndefWeal

13. (bikini) panties jL. "aSg

*d

i-i,\l ou

..rg i

F;rr*l

16. garter belt

.:t

r*jl

l!,r

17. stockings

14. briefs / underpants -jL, ,,,^i i-i

LJrt.l cp+)I,

el ,.,iir

4$-,ll

.-

15. body shaper/ girdle i,.x.

iLi

21. camisole

;n*\,1^,^,"i J t't " /; .,-! L-L;

ll ouu,d

re. iistrti ltr .!"s 9 Jl+ 20. bra /\vi ,G r *L.usill L .u I v-]

24. pajamas

27. blanket sleeper

Ltili

l-1l:r / JU-t)U ey a!_x Lj"!.$ glj

\J.

,j,f *,U +t:+ 22. full slip

18. panty hose \l

Sleepwear e*xl o+)L

irLl.r ;_ru Lat\

I ..Lr

23. half slip fJil: r:pJJt .-t-]J

25. nightgown eL-$I ii u-+i 26. slippers qi: /

,,

"r+,i

28. nightshirt c:n JA.:+^ 29. robe o--r / pL- -;

More vocabulary

Ask your classmates. ShHre the answers;

lingerie: underwear or sleepwear for women loungewear: very casual clothing for relaxing around the home

2. What kind of sleepwear do you prefer?

1. What kind of socks are you wearing today?

3. Do you wear slippers at home?

9',


,Jcll

1. hard hat

t_i* d+ 2. work shirt &-:,_Fi^d / & !4^! 3. tool belt ':rtrrl

al;

4. Hi-Visibility safety vest .:,+ -l'k+j, ,fu ,l"i Lr.r:

7. ventilation mask

5. work pants

8. coveralls

13. tie

15. name tag a*)l 1++ ii1 Ll

iic iLl

J- .:r),,ji

6. steel toe boots ak-.:t: JLJI 4:Jtc Li

14. polo shirt

1{Al r S\ \ tv

(au.s rr

--i

+j! Jl r!.9 ,

10. safety glasses .., rt.. ' i ulJtlar Jkl 1

1. apron

4-r"

:)eilt sn

. I

9. bump cap Lr,:ll ;.r1 ,:" ]L.,

,.iiioLujerd

(&.i)J*,t91-tl

12. blazer / , ul\ ir.!i,iSL \JJ4

gtS"c Oa)l-e

16. bandana -)]ts

e:*,-rl! .tl.:-x *1,,

18. cowboy hat

,Is.

17. workgloves cLe $ljtid

J+ll

.:-i:

o.+

19. jeans

'l+

tt dL"

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

Use

Az What do construction workerswear to work? B: They wear hqrd hats and tool belts.

Look at pages 166-169. Name the workplace clothing you see.

A:

A: What do road workers wear to work?

B: 5he3 weariig scrubs.

the new words.

He's

wearing a hard hat.


,lgll

20. security shirt grYl

r:!l

uFL:,J,+^li

21. badge

glS,c gr*r.).

23. helmet ;:Ji

24. jumpsuit Laji u ; iL\ i! *

22. security pants

1lLJl

3.)l .;l^J,-t-;qlt-i,

31. scrubs

sL:jJiJ or-l,rJi :$ 32. face mask ,+_rl1

tili

33. lab coat l.l$l

DJ!

34. latex gloves GjIl

(J4

eiljti{

25. hairnet *,iI asl.li

28. chef's hat

26. smock

29. chef's jacket

(f

f

. i,'rlt\

\r/!

.;r

,

Lll

,.,.i , a-i

/. ;, r\l\ ;Latll 'J

27. disposable gloves J1 ri...Yi + si! crljli!

30. waist apron ar>^ 4_x

35. surgical scrub cap

37. surgical gown 61*ll ri:1

crlra+ 36. surgical mask

C')>'

a*

,

"jsLS

38. surgical scrubs crliUl il'1i, lLJ

Askyour classmates. Share the answers.

Think about it. Discuss.

1. Which of these outfits would you like to wear? 2. Which of these items are in your closet? 3. Do you wear safety clothing at work? What kinds?

1. What other jobs require helmets? disposable gloves? 2. ls it better to have a uniform or wear yout. o*n clothes at work? Why?

93


Ol.,,1ljl*.ls13 a,;lsi

A. purchase

; B. wait in line

4. customer

:UL^J

14. change purse / coin purse rF c."$ / Jhj+ 15. cell phone holder

1

,

'"'i<

16. (wrist)watch

(+)a-u

.hls

Ji i+i20. belt buckle ,l!l (,,\r*) Ar)

J,,j

22. heel

Lll . -jc , 1--i ;ijis

19. tote bag !-ul-â&#x201A;Źll

21. sole eliJl

:Llis

8. backpack .,

L;i

rlri

17. shoulder bag

al;!*

94

/ handbags

(lulri / +.,.[i-

13. wallet

5. display case c+1ij 6L:JJ* 6J$* 6. belts

g!:i u\

Jl-i-Jl a..lt^

2. purses

,.Ltll 9. -! lJirl sin \ "' r

(Jl!ill) c)j*Jl J i$l /

3. salesclerk

1. suspenders

cl.rJl .."5

23. toe eliJr (e$

6*))

3.:;

24. shoelaces oltlt .tLr

More vocabulary

Grammar Point: object pronouns

gift: something you give or receive from friends or family for a special occasion present: a gift

My sister loves jewelry. I'll buy her a necklace. My dad likes belts.l'llbuy him a belt buckte. My friends love scarves. t'lt buy them scarves.


Ol-1lj*..'Sl3

7. shoe department

:riYi

9. bracelets

3.d

--,rLi

8. jewelry department

:lJA

allri

10. necklaces

rjc /:rX

,+11 i,,,s

1. hats cJ-jii

try on shoes t{+"lfil ,liJl ,J+,li

12. scarves

D. assist a customer

1

C.

Lrj.pL+

;.jJi

w

i**ffi*;ffid*

i;R#

25. high heels JLe ,,,*S Ji elis 26. pumps rjt,n elt 27. flats

.-uS;j+

4J:t"i

Lti

28. boots (dLJl Ways

29. oxfords :; nlJi olt

33. chain

30. loafers JL-K!! 4+,,:l el:31. hiking boots :\.,i1\ / lLJt lle v\v9/ "l:=\ L ;

34. beads in

38. pin

35. locket

39. string of pearls

32. tennis shoes

-Jt' el:-) L;

/u -Jl

ii S\ "ai "rrs

to talk about accessories

hat to wear with this scarf. earrings to go with the necklace. Do you have a belt that would go with my shoes?

t need a

td

like

37. clip-on earrings

il-

,r\i.,lc

cit

til $'

36. pierced earrings +r.tir^,.tr)

jL

40. ring

Role play. Talk to a salesperson. A: Do you have boots that woutd go with this skirt? B: Let me see. How about these brown ones? A: Perfect. I also need...

95


O..r*Y-oll

ui,a3

SiZeS diL*lLo

1. extra small

2. small

3. medium

)P-

.t_r,j,"

Iri ;;u ^

Styles

1

J

\

J

I

pt*si

r.

t

1

_,i

(;js)y_,!

9. turtleneck sweater l+ 4JLe a+t _ri (;-.,S) >A iJ(J!*

4.!.

Pattefns

r ri (;F)

Ls*y

JFA

or

'r^

gjq

/ irL-

20. striped t^t^..

15. mini-skirt

(c#) t+ i.*g!;;r,i:

,;pr^{

2. short-sleeved shirt (# d4) 6Jbua! fUSi rr

16. short skirt cr-*"ii

i:ri

;;rs

17. mid-length / calf-length skirt dlJl Oh cJ3!1;t_i. / cJ.*11 i-h*li.;-rE 18. long skirt a!"gL ;_,_,-

'i

21. polka-dotted

19. solid

/

J#s

13. 3/4-sleeved shirt d (g'*ri i5E1 rlt rr u-""'i 14. long-sleeved shirt 4-L"JE ft^si Ji ri+^{

10. scoop neck sweater

JjL

1:+:+5

1. sleeveless shirt

i.l , .r /i '.iS\ G "L

8. V-neck sweater V,r,,r- ,#,P +$t

d!"*

6. one-size-fits-all r--ll:-1 .,*G^ !+.

5. extra large

et+ii

7. crewneck sweater +.tt-e

4. large

!L

22. plaid fu3L

-tq-r

23. print dJL 24. checked nlaJJIS

25. floral (4r;-e cJltui

:i) tr-x

26. paisley (er--'l! oiS:-r. e+-) -\

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

Role play. Talk to a salesperson.

1. Do you prefer crewneck or V-neck sweaters? 2. Do you prefer checked or striped shirts? 3. Do you prefer short-sleeved or'sleeveless shirts?

A:

l'm looking for this V-neck sweoter in lqge. Bz Here's a larye. lt'i on sale for.51_9"92. A: Wonderful fil tuke it. I'm also looking for,.. Excuse me.

i


-om

paring

Clothing,r,:.....'.-'.,,

I

--. heavyjacket

29. tight pants

-::.-r .

- 3,

C I

33. plain blouse

31. low heels

l::;-:.1 _l;:,!1".r,

1+Ia.r*;,tr

light

jacket

30. loose / baggy pants

32. high heels

,,,.

:,-!-:.,1_-,,,

rj_::i;1,]9 "i q-.,.t.;t ,]_;r"",a

1Ji,e;,-.,""5

oth

in

i 7. lt's

,

g Pro

b I em

too small.

,..i.lrl

rl:-,. ;:..,,t]

r.rl

s

rlri...,-ir!r

ii.

I ii..:';.::,

6

;'r*'

35. narrow tie a#r

;31-, "

34. fancy blouse

(+:*t

s] ,-id L:r.

36. wide tie

{;-i-{ri) ,-';;:i ;;ri

{4Gi

ts)

jia

nj*l

j

i**+.F

l:il".

38. lt's too big. .;,-li:,i.1!

r';:

39. The zipper .-;3."*tu

..'.,:il

is broken. {:;:-Jt) 3 j"t*il ir"_}i1

40. A button is missing. .r3&&a ;..1 J1.a

il

ii

11. lt's ripped / torn.

42. lt's stained. r:-jg

i:jl

43. lt's unraveling. "".e:-+= r*i: / ci;-,+

44. lt's too expensive. ,.""]l

"i,.jJil

;* ,.iii

,.r

More vocabulary

Role play. Return an item to a salesperson.

refund: money you get back when you return an item to the store complaint: a statement that something is not right customer service: the place customers go with their complaints

A: Welcome to Shopmart. How may t help you? B: This sweater is new, but it's unraveling. A: l'm sorry. Would you like a refund?

]

i

i

97


U+Y4ll ei.a

TyPes of Material jiul3ll erj;l

1. cotton

2. linen

3. wool

.il!

Jts

-i:-

6. leather

4. cashmere

J+

!.*XS

A Garment FactorY

o*r.>la

Parts of a Sewing Machine a.buill4+St- ptj+i

6iar

A. sew by machine ;-tli:.\1 ijsLd L;{1

14. sewing machine operator ;il't,rrlt irSL (i)J^tc

17. needle

B. sew by hand \J! .LFl

15. bolt of fabric

18. needle plate 6.-;DU i.rir* a-$-

13. sewing machine

itl*

ai.su

,-FL. +_i

16. rack u,Dl-ll J"JJ J_.r / &L-

More vocabulary

98

fashion designer: a person who makes original clothes natural materials: cloth made from things that grow in nature synthetic materials: cloth made by people, such as nylon

;:l

20. feed dog /feed bar .:[^1

,,,j :i /

rl-:"J crJS

21. bobbin 6Js|

/ drs^

19. presser foot

!;L:

eii

Use the new words. Look at ilages 86-87. Name the materials you see.

A: That's denim. B: That's leather.


1.,1*dt

oll L,JA

Types of Material cit-atill gljJi

/"i *,;Li.i :Lt:,Jt

/tv-J.. il^i,,1iL6\, t-*jlt

\r-2

10. velvet

r

I

4J

11. corduroy

i-I:-

a+L{

A Fabric Store i,LEi

v

12. nylon

ai,tn

J4u

J."

Closures .lJill

Trim

crl3ri

cl".'rjll

=eg'P$cf,& 22. pattern

(u-';!) 'J,-dt oiro 23. thread

l+r 24. button

))

25. zipper

(e*) c!lj! euj 26. snap

28. buckle ('lr t.) e,rJ

31. appliqu6

29. hook and loop fastener

32. beads

4jr+ Jt d u+S

4i.L3 4+i+ LllJ

27. hookand eye

(iaiir dL&) ij;cj

30. ribbon +fuic

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

l.

##

Can you sew?

2. What's your favorite type of material?

3. How many types of material are you wear,ing today?

+ggi

i-F

;'ij.:

33. sequins

.r.r

34. fringe +l.tt+

i-x

(\JJ$rJ-)

h),i Think about it. Discuss. : 1. Do most people make or buy clothes in your country? 2. ls it better to make or buy clothes? Why? 3. Which.materia'ls a're best forformal clothes?


rlll An Alterations Shop +$lt

,!u:.J*

4. collar

1. dressmaker

4t\:j:

7. pocket

+

a-ii-l

2. dressmaker's dummy a'tt Jt (;ts+u) .Ju;

5. waistband

3. tailor

6. sleeve

(+

&.lri

; Jti

,r

6.,i-

8. hem

JU

:i

(.+ro) +$'t-

cli

9. cuff

j>)lt+i

;

Sewing Supplies iltrr't1

ilL+ll giU

1p::

g1r1i

ff^ W 10. needle

12. (straight) pin.

o-ll

6:ij* crf:

I

l.

thread

l+r

14. safety pin

16. pair of scissors ,J.L

eJr,.l- U"3rr

13. pin cushion arr^ / .r.*[r: i;:i-

15. thimble

18. seam ripper ihi\ i.,it ;1*

17. tape measure (;r.9ju) .rS L__p

91ti...(

I

JJJ

(4!..J1 cl,

Alterations +$l As.i

A. Lengthen the pants. .; Jti,ll,Ji;.!:;

B. Shorten the pants. ..JJ.tirll

;,!i,

C. Let out the pants. ', ^\Lr,l1 r.g .gv/

o

D. Take in the pants.

.1,ltiilt ,,!*,-;

Pair practice. Make new convetsations.

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

A: Would you hand me the thread?

1. ls there an alterations shop near your home? 2. Do you ever go to a tailor or a dressmaker? 3. What sewing supplies do you have at home?

B: OK. Whot are you going to do? A: !'m going to take in these ps!)Is.


o,.+Y.oll d;,,c

1. laundry Ji-"ilj

6. fabric softener

2. laundry basket

.-,+\ {L 3. washer

;a)L

I 1. hanger

. "Jo-

u!"\

^,^"Jl 7. bleach

, ;JUt

12. spray starch

17. wet shirt

ct "ill

l,dr J-UJ

j*

8. laundry detergent "n+:^

LJr

rsll

ilru

10. clothespin g,")-ll dI"L

15. dirtyT-shirt

A. Sort the laundry.

B. Add the detergent.

C. Load the washer.

.,J+"Jl d

E. Unload the dryer.

.#)Ull di-

U *

eJrJ

wash in cold water no bleach

t-,* , ii '1

F. Fold the laundry. -)Lll ," o,Li

E C

r

e,.L drJ+,i.J

.4lL.J1

; r\,l-ilt e;i

G. lron the clothes. ..-,+)1"11

19. wrinkled shirt

(c,i"Js-) \';1^,-F+^!

5. dryer sheets a-iL,i,j JtJri

LJr i,i:

..

.il+ .iJ+J ,t

14. ironing board

'"i^

dr-Xj ;

18. dry shirt

6l_6^

9. clothesline ,

"t" /qUtu

13. iron

a.il,c

4. dryer .r!)t" i-il,'ii]

16. clean T-shirt

al:t'i\l all^S

,jJS!

20. ironed shirt dJSi L4-!i

D. Clean the lint trap.

.fitJl

;'Lr'i C.+i Otsi,

H. Hang up the clothes, .J+)j.lr !9.1!

Pair practice. lVlake new conversations. line dry

A: t have to sort the laundry. Can you help? B: Sure. Here's the laundry baskei.

dry clean only, do not wash

A: Thanks a lot!

101


It's stained. I can give you seventyfive cents.

3. sticker

1. flyer tuieJ

D

uu

2. used clothing .il"r:* oN)-

102

.3.-Y

4. folding card table

eU) ..J.ll A-Ll.! ilrlJ. i$lridrlr

5. folding chair -l

ll

lrts

-

o. .to.t r,uiio acLr j1:l;

\\

7.

B. browse

VCR J

"+ <!i \L^ Y

+

J'.

A. bargain

lilt

"fo

rJ.lt3:

420 sll !v, rLll , A qig LtJl


Look at the pictures. What do you see? Answer the questions. 1. What kind of used clothing do you see?

2. What information is on the flyer? 3. Why are the stickers different colors?

4. How much is the clock radio? the VCR?

@

neaa the story.

A Garage Sale Last Sunday, I had a garage sale. At

5:00 a.m., I put up flyers in my neighborhood. Next, I put price stickers on my used clothing, myVCR, and some other old things. At 7:00 a.m., I opened my folding card table and folding chair.

Then lwaited. At 7:05 a.m., my first customer arrived. She asked, "How much is the sweatshirt?"

"Two dollars," I said. She said, "lt's stained. I can give you

seventy-five cents."We bargained for minute and she paid 51.00.

a

All day people came to browse, bargain, and buy. At 7:00 p.m., I had $85.00. Now I know two things: Garage sales are hard work and nobody wants to buy an old clock radio!

Think about it. 1. Do you like to buy things at garage sales? Why or why not?

2. lmagine you want the VCR. How will you bargain for it?

103


1. head *i_,

2. hair

F

3. neck i.d.

4. chest Jl..

5. back J<-l

6. nose -iii 7. mouth c 8. foot

ii

Listen and point.Take turns.

Dictate to your partner. Take turns.

A: Point to the chest.

Az Write

Bz

Pointtothe neck.

Az Point to the mouth.

hst

B: Did you say hair? A: That's right, h-a-i-r.


9. leg J+,,

10. toe e$ C+=l 1

1. eye

12. ear .i

ull

13. shoulder ,

i!i<

14. arm Ll:1

15. hand +

16. finger + C+-J

Grammar Point:'imperatives

Pair practice. Take turns giving commands.

Please touch your right foot.

Az Raise your arms.

Put your hands on your feet.

B: Touch your fes!. A: Put your hand on your shoulder.

Don't put your hands on your shoulders.


4$.,,lill-, i-tti,tSt |.,+ll *l'2o1

The Face

The Mouth

The Eye

4-.Jll

ri!

d+rll

1. chin

9. eyebrow

5. lip ir.

tl!:

6. gums 4l

10. eyelid

3. cheek

7. teeth

1

li,

4. jaw elA

.,.i LJst

.J,+

1. eyelashes ,-is^-t

D. taste

A. see

.,.+L

iâ&#x201A;Ź++

2. forehead

The Senses (JflJ.ll

B.

6)t hear

cgjl+

E. touch ...il|- ,.,,- .rv L n , "ulr \v

'4

c. smell ,-L

8. tongue ...11-

The Arm, Hand, and Fingers +ll g1uis qJl3 gl-1i'll 12. elbow

15. palm

17. knuckle

t-6

LA

4^+'t

13. forearm

.rL-

16. thumb ,l*,1

18. fingernail

jl

14. wrist

The Leg and Foot p.till3 rjr._jl 19. thigh

22- calf

i.i-i

&LJl

ild rj 4!J

20. knee +$:

23. ankle

21. shin

24. heel

.+

rl-tS

*!ti1 -iJs

lr'S

More vocabulary

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

torso: the part of the body from the shoulders to the pelvis limbs: arms and legs toenail: the nail on your toe

A: ls vour arm OK? B: Yes, but now my elbow hurts. A: l'm sorry to hear that.


4S-,,tillg A-,llrlJl f-4+ll

r,Wl

25. chest

28. shoulder blade ,

26. breast ,

c:i

27. abdomen JI+

34. brain 35. throat ij+s

36. artery

29. lower back xl;lt o. jjiJi ej+ll 30. buttocks -ilr;i / irli.

32. muscle ,J.:e

33. bone

J-

39. lung {iJ

44. gallbladder

40. liver rs

45. pancreas

41. stomach

46. bladder

42. intestines oL^i

38. heart ..i!

31. skin J+

iils

37. vein

:'i<\i

c!

JJâ&#x201A;Ź

43. kidney 4_]l\

;r1-x

49. spinal column .c G:"c YJ

.,*!:s+

50. pelvis LFF

a.U.

47. skull i.+^.. 48. rib cage fJl-

uFii

107


i-r,a$ll ai$ill

A. take a shower (utr

riii) i.j!,.!

dJtll i:itJ &"j" J-'\

i.':.+ltt^3i;

iL"-ll F "u.i 2. shower gel ,,1ril , L-

3. soap .llL-

1

1. conditioner

-,Jl .iL 12. hair spray

*;lt '"'il"

108

-5

7. sunscreen ,,.*ll ;.Ji J^ crl,

6. perfume / cologne Jtr / Srirs

9. body lotion / moisturizer :\Jl:,1_r / *tt e-5

F. rinse...hair

8. sunblock r ri' 'rr eJ l\JJdr ek

H. dry...hair

G. comb...hair ';n-ltt

W@€ ;4^Li

o

JL

4. bath powder 6Li;1 ;;r9 5. deodorant / antiperspirant iJl 4-1 ,,L*

jaXll !i!,-:,i

10. shampoo

.

,ffiw

1. shower cap

*ll cll"ij

"..-ill ar-ni .'* Gl

€tr €m

o

E. wash...hair

D. put on sunscreen

C. use deodorant

B. take a bath / bathe

13. comb l"^r.

14. brush

i;uj 15. pick

Ut-)l a)" J'jL,

(6y)

E-ill , ;it'i

.L*s

l.

brush...hair .;Lj:)iJL ,-xll dii€i

ff

16. hair gel

*,iil

L-

17. curling iron

:r.X cl1;r

20. barrette

J'.i 6lF

ir^i 'Jlr'':o

18. blow dryer

21. bobby pins

(,,1-r."+-)

liLJl ,lrd1i J- .j'i+"

,i-S*

;r.-,1

94rL:

More vocabulary

Think about it. Discuss.

unscented: a product without perfume or scent

1. Which personal hygiene products should someone use before a job interview? 2. What is the right age to start wearing makeup? Why?

hypoallergenic: a product that is better for people with allergies


4#ai-ilt

J. brush...teeth

F

t. i,, Dsrsr! rJLulr

t8'

L-eZuJ

i^ir-Eilr

K. floss...teeth aj\rti

, . i,, |Jlullr

23. toothpaste elui g3;* 24. dentalfloss rJLsYl

,

::11^i1l

=r-# 28. razorblade 4I\ u*J-

29. shaving cream

ljLJeS 4i)l.s ijSL

il)o ;-".*

27. razor L,!i

dil

i-DLs

il!

trryâ&#x201A;Ź

26. electric shaver

N. cut...nails r6ll;Yr

,

25. mouthwash rill glJ !-bs:u

;uy

M. shave

fA

ffire

22. toothbrush gu-i

L. gargle

t'h!!l

30. aftershave +Dtll .u ta;JeS

iisl-

O. polish...nails

P. put on / apply ,.23

1sl-L)l s&{

Q. take off / remove dJJJ

w\61 $tu"

6) \--,/

*6alf

---rG

@=,.3,r

Makeup 31. nail clipper

Jlui aJL 32. emery board ;st-ti

:;*

33. nail polish JltlYl e)!

6t+s^

34. eyebrow pencil .,r+l:-

#

f3:-

35. eye shadow JEs

40. foundation

^i

38. lipstick oG-,,:,ll

>15

SO. eyeliner ;idl L.rLlr

37. blush

^i

39. mascara $

(r!^+ ":-:*) 6iS,;

+Li

e_S

41. face powder a+C

i:.rr

42. makeup remover e

li<

Jl

LiJJ^


c,!to!,, \AJ^

l.

headache 1:L e

2. toothache ,',1!-i e

^.

!.-

3. earache ;iYt =s.li 4. stomachache lr*ll C eli 5. backache -Ill 9\_A Ji

11. insect bite 6

A. cough

7. nasal congestion ro)l .J.jLiij.l

B. sneeze

lis {J

;111s

L*!+ C. feel dizzy /a^.:\ r Itr 'l .iL-- c.i:/ s'iu \

/ *s

D. feel nauseous

9. chills

i,i.ef

rJ1,il.ll+ ,"r^:,i

E. throw up / vomit

10. rash 611-

13. cut

cF 14. sunburn

su (t->;)i;-

Lls

d*J

8. fever / temperature

ffiW

12. bruise

110

6. sore throat ;*:Jl uQ.iJl

crl*i

; ,i:*j -;g, .il,,, / i,i11

2iL

gJ

15. blister

17. bloody nose

(rls) t--$

rUYl ,rs

16. swollen finger

e+*)l .+

et-:

ra}

18. sprained ankle

JnKl "lrill

Look at the pictures. Describe the symptoms and injuries.

Think about it. Discuss.'

A: He

2. What do you recommend for a stomachache? 3. What is the best way to stop a bloody nose?

has a backache.

B: She has a toothache.

1. What are some common cold symptoms?


L.L

crYLr.s

db

Common lllnesses and Childhood Diseasss ilriLlt crl-ris ir.iutt

,Jit.tt

3. ear infection

2. flu I )J 9l$l

,3rY1

i

4. strep throat i EjJl i !. kjl

+1a11

;

i

5. measles i,*

6. chicken pox

7. mumps

8. allergies

,< ti 7 -lis: Serious Medical Conditions and Diseases ;.l+!i. &l.,jr.is j".L c,yt

9. asthma

(+-xr,+; eLJl

1

4;;\

3. intestinal parasites

0. cancer .-,[-l-

11. heart disease ,,,liill ,;}4

12. diabetes

.9jJl

g-=,1

,.,-

17. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)

L

.Afulol Yr

'l

Lul

14. high blood pressure / hypertension iJl .ti-: 3l!:;l / JLc ar L:.:

""Jr

â&#x201A;ŹLJl _-ii:

18. dementia (JS) q+*tt

se3jill

;"9,;,s

rrlii!

15. TB (tuberculosis)

& 16. arthritis

&t!" -. klr

More vocabulary AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome): a medical condition that results from contracting the HIV virus Alzheimer's disease: a disease that causes dementia

coronary disease: hedrt disease infectious disease: a disease that air or water

influenza: flu

is spread

through


tl+r

l. pharmacist J+* 2. prescription

3. prescription medication l+i.t .ir ^-J^ el;r

5. prescription number

4. prescription label

6. dosage

alul ii-jl

(4j.irJ) 4.lt ai-r

i-atL

a'JJl

a-l-jl

7. expiration date ,uj|rall

,,st

eL(rl erJU

8. warning label

AcJA

_f.r

+!U+

Medical Warnings i-.',! c,,t;xiri

A. Take with food or milk. . ,,r- .l , 1si LYV ,lot

-

i

C. Finish all medication.

.qt*J,F

ei3:11 siS

j3Lii

E. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery. .,'r..r,i ,-., 'i,. .4!$ jYl ,Ji;: ,t ;rq- 19fi Y

112

B. Take one hour before eating. .,JSVi

;" 4eL

g}l!

JJtji

Do not take with dairy products. .;L,Ji .:t.'ir " 6. Jjlrii Y

F. Do not drink alcohol. .a-rlFs.!qJJ* :_,,.i: Y

More vocabulary

Role play.',Tal k to thepharmacist.

prescribe medication: to write a prescription fill prescriptions: to prepare medication for patients pick up a prescription: to get prescription medication

Az Hi.

t need to pick up a prescription for Jones. B: Here's your medication, Mr, Jones. Tske these once a day with milk or food.


4-,1

!r.â&#x201A;Ź

ast !r

9. wheelchair

13. heating pad

-)$'+.r-rs

iri:,i

10. crutches I

l.

walker

15. hot water bottle laLJl ,LJl L.j+S

it.i*

12. humidifier el

8. over-the-counter medication iJ:.i-J ;yr. icL* L3.ri 19. sling 1

,ji^

ol_ieJ

(a+r*)

17. vitamins oq+qs

;:Lrl

14. air purifier

JlSc

s ,+

J)tr

16. cane

20. cast

*ll ','L,r^

o-++ /

;-.rr++

Types of Medication L;.ryl Eleji

o

i

I

",,,ii3sr

21. pill

22. tablet

1^

23. capsule

,.G

4l

Over-the-Counter Medication 4#!;i,.J

Os+

24. ointment

25. cream

crr*

"-!S

ie!.tt

/,+-;S

qgrVt

,54rc <-,,

.:::,,:t .

.&93.,ffit "ih '-\.ffi v

M

l

.,!"

& 26. pain reliever

28. antacid

evX,:s*

i;r6ll

27. cold tablets elsjil ri r;.lj g-l;si

31

:

29. cough syrup .JL,"ll

ati

Ways to talk about medication Use take for pills; tablets, capsules, and cough syrup. Use apply for ointments and crearn5. Use use for drops, nasal sprays, and inhalets.

30. throat lozenges i l+jsX:,ilL !-^ll u-lJli

32. nasal spray

31. eye drops ,j,t'lj;;JJ

33. inhaler

!ij)U Uit^i; '..:

4!.i;

Ask your classmates. Share the answers. 1. What pharmacy do you go to? 2. Do you ever ask the pharmacist for advice? 3, Do you take any vitamins? Which ones?

113


'rfir

rref

t&ll

Ways to GetWell

A. Seek medical attention. .a..ul LuJt

B. Get bed rest.

+!l

.ri .jFl Jsll ejl

C. Drink fluids.

D. Take medicine.

.Ll *gdl

,

c

ljl ult!

Ways to Stay Vvsll dlis,6 crle il&l:"ll dJL

E. Stay fit.

F. Eat a healthy diet.

;r*

.4+'ill JIiAl+j,-J" !â&#x201A;Źt

H. Have regular checkups.

.i-ll-

114

4*+t

ri

".iiS e19,1

,,,1L1

l.

G. Don't smoke.

a-,.r"i ,1i

.iAJ

Get immunized. .!,j.l;+)l r; gL'ili 'a:r' 'r glbl

J.

Y

Follow medical advice.

.iJll

i5.--:11

c!

More vocabulary

Ask your classmdtes. Share the answers.

injection: medicine in a syringe that is put into the body immunization / vaccination: an injection that stops

1. How do you stay fit? 2. What do you do when you're sick? 3. Which two foods are a part of your healthy diet?

serious diseases


d3!+ !&ll Types of Health problems 4'rr.al ,Jsr,LJ grjii

c_

l.

vision

problems

3. pain

2. hearing loss

J;ll -.i,lsu-

eJt

Ji

cJtriA

Help with Health Problems a+s,all dSl,LllcJ

6. optometrist

)-ill ei*

4. stress rk+l/ jj

5. depression

O3rrll

9. audiologist 6^.et ^ri

8. contact lenses iii*Y erLrc

10. hearing aid ;.rl

,-u*

7. glasses alJb

11. physical

therapy

-.J -).

csL

12. physical therapist .-.,+$ e)te

;L-:i

Ways to ask about health problems Are

13. talk therapy

you in pain?

Areyou having vision problems? Are you experiencing depression?

eb

15. support group e.l L_t^+

14. therapist alLPair practice. Make new conversations. A: Doyou know a good gplgme!$l? B: Why? Are you having vision problems? Az Yes, t might need olasses.

115


i.:rt! +;;L ctVU,

1. ambulance *i[**l ;JL-

E. have an allergic reaction

2. paramedic sL-)l CU

F. get an electric shock

A. be unconscious

G. get frostbite liJl U*,6r Lr

M. bleed djiiJ

B. be in shock

H. burn (your)self

N. can't breathe

a+-L^ c,.

a*n;f-+r

+La*

C. be injured / be hurt

ur! Sto;

/ a+L-l+

+t-:

D. have a heart attack C$ cr+ +l-J

Grammar Point: past tense For past tense add -ed:

burned, drowned, swallowed,

116

K. overdose on drugs ely:ll cJ a!.:i" a*"S ,J:Ul

L. choke c9s

a+!XS L:--+ +t*ol

*-jl ri!

L,,-r

<lh

overdosed, choked

l.

cJ"ijlll

drown

O.

.a;l

el{*t

y

fall Lii

J. swallow poison LL;ri- el.ri

P. break a bone a-^Ltc

;. i"te

These verbs are different.(irregular): be - was, were bleed - bled have - had can't': couldn't

get

-

got

break

-

broke

r*,,Si


qt3i c,tit*..'t

First Aid

l.

er't3i

etltr*,t

4-'lJi

3. medical emergency bracelet

first aid manual

first aid kit

!iti\,-l iJc

irr! .e;lr-t ;;r*i

!J ei ,:LAL*I , ,,lr<

lnside the Kit i.g*I dJr

w@ 8. gauze

4. tweezers .tul"

9. hydrogen peroxide

5. adhesive bandage 4j,i-) rrL"; 1

- s 1 1. antibacterial ointment p"$l +I :t ^" aa-.,;.

7. sterile tape c* 4.>-

First Aid Procedures +JsYl

crGlr..,Yl c1bl;6!

15. stitches

16. rescue breathing

\6

tl

/

14. splint

0. antihistamine cream .,!

.giunl ,J*iii

\ @

:ne.w

cohversationr;

A:,

What da:we,need'ih the first aid

Bz,

We'neAd

NeeZei|end,Q

.',

A: I think we need sterile tape, too.

kii)

|

,:

+$;-x++

I r/

1

7.

CPR (cardiopulmonary

18. Heimlich maneuver

resuscitation) LiinJilr ', 'liill

Paif practiee.: Make

i.rL^;

C LjE

.Mi:,,,,"1\:L:-

ilu

;$ll"

13. ice pack

.t++:-,+ell +*,S-i-r+

6. sterile pad a-ii*

12. elastic bandage

,_tt 1

Glri:)l

iJl*j,,tll

+n

a+>t

dLjl

ThihkaboutitlDis'cuss;:,: i , ."',',.l, ;.;.:. ,.:; i,.' "'

,

1. What are the three most important first aid items? Why? 2. Which first aid procedures should everyone know? Why? :. Wfrtt are:rome gocidr: plice!;,:to,keep,a ifirst a d kit ? i

117


4F,4ll ttortt

Yl 4eJn !P ln theWaiting Room JtliijYli.iJi

tl*alth Foitn

ffi

Slaallh Hlctory:

Childhood Diseases: t'chtckon pox ddiphthsria glrubella E'"measles

nmumps

nother Dsscription of symptoms:

1. appointment

2. receptionist Jiii.i.,l , iL'4

le Ja

ln the Examining Room , ; x<rl ijJi

5. doctor ','iiL

6.

patient

*--

;.i<\1 AIJLI

8. nurse

rlaJ-F

3yi:

+dt t^,

d

7. examination table ,

4. health history form G-Jl GJ[il iJl^Ll

3. health insurance card

9. blood pressure gauge p:Jl L: : .rt"il jk10. stethoscope

'4,-z)^

1

1. thermometer

(Yr'-r) 12. syringe

LJ.4cL-

a+.,p / ;_rl

Medical Procedures +*;! c,trt5!

A. check...blood pressure eJl L: ^ c1aii B. take...temperature ;;1 Jl i^1: 3iry,..j-.ii

C. listen to...heart

examine. ..throat i +i-ll ,Jaii draw...blood

,;.+(,ll C4* D. examine...eyes i,,jiJl oail

Grammar Point future tense with will

,,,lii\l

L: qi

+verb

To show a future action, use will + verb.

118

The subject pronoun contraction of will is:ll. She wilt draw your blood. = She'll draw your btood.

Az What will the doctor do?

rJlJ=

!*!L


6tiuYl L-to-t

Dentistry otj*Yl+L

l.

dentist jLr*i

a..J...

3. dental hygienist /,,,JlL

.1u-i

2. dental assistant *11-i ,,,,,,L jt1*

Dental Problems

i-*;l

^r

5. orthodontist OL-Yi ejn, !,L 6. braces rrt!-)l 6jsil drt

j

4. dental instruments ;LuYl q.lG-.:13ri Ol&*Yl

Jsl,L ,.,j*;i

i;+:;:.

1@.T;,+:a*i ii: "4 ei :.., .:- ,r'i !:,';

:

:

:tl:.1.'.:::t:::l '+;;;rn

7. cavity / decay i/

9. crown

s

10. dentures

A

1. gum disease ajlll cr_x

eu

8. filling

An Office Visit Otii irrr.t

1

aE1iL. ^1 !U-i

12. plaque I

eDtlt .:t-:_d

iiU

I

i;t;j I

i I I

B. take x-rays ;f.:.- i*;fi 3i;

D.

drilla tooth .1JiA

E.

filla

Flt

C. numb the mouth

dl

-,.ri+

F. pull a tooth v, Jl ldi,rl .rg rljil \!

cavity r

d

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

Role' play. Talk

1. Do you know someone with braces? Who? 2. Do dentists make you nervous? Why or why not? 3. How often do you go to the dentist?

A: lthink t have a cavity. B: Let me take a look.

to

a

dentiiti'

A: Will I need o fillino?


ti*ilr*all MedicalSpecialists 63Et ri etili

ffi

1 1 ,:.

1

u:,I ..

'i':

2. obstetrician ;:)j ..rJ"

6. radiologist

5. oncologist

i,;i

ell:j',lil

'

,

frL

3. cardiologist

4. pediatrician Jutj ,,,.t,L

,,,\i .-,jrL

7. ophthalmologist .-,,*t C+$t

8. psychiatrist

.!; r:toi ,

,,,L

Nursing Staff cr+-r-ll *+$

9. surgical nurse

10. registered nurse (RN)

i-lj+ a;J-

i--=j^ a.:J-

11. licensed practical nurse (LPN)

A-:iJ i-JL-:,;

Hospita|Staff .j"ll,.*t!

13. administrator

f:ltl

14. admissions clerk Jt:l ) I !$jr

!

li-

assistant (CNA) :-:,* a,;1* rcL*

ogl"t lt

ry*_ nnore vocabulary

120

*

12. certified nursing

Gynecologists examine and treat women. Nurse practitioners can give medical exams. Nurse midwives deliver babies.

15. dietician L,:ill

,.1

.;

16. orderly -A -t ^li

LLz,lP

Chiropractors move the spine to improve health. Orthopedists treat bone and joint problems.


,--i.i,t,.all

A Hospital Room r.i,.i1,,-ll+ 4iJi

16!

:+:icll

FF,. F:i -" f :â&#x201A;Ź

:l

17.

volunteer

21

patient

22. hospital bed

.

ztu '18.

25. lV (intravenous drip) +_,_dl ,"+ sl.,-. lrX JIL 26. vitalsigns monitor

bed table -r-p ol;Lt

*e:-l19.

hospitalgown

23. bed pan 1,9 / -p ".ll rt'3 24. medicalchart

-.i;L* r1r; 20.

medication o

4.u1J-\l

i.#l

iJl

'il")'li

27. bed control _r!l os> .'s S=rll oLo

31. medical waste disposal aaul c:)^+.X;l-

rl ")l cr-,'=

Operating Room

-:;lj&Jliip At

c!'ltorll

32. emergency medical technician (EMT) J)rur 'r)il r+ JJr ^ri 33. stretcher / gurney

35. anesthesiologist

iJLllr

30. blood work / blood test .: Ll,-i

28. call button

drt L. aiiJ3

Emergency Room Entrance

..;;.

','Gi

29. phlebotomist rL-!

4ili

-;r.lJi

,,lil^

36. surgeon

37. surgical cap i1i\ .Jl

4aJe r ."-il!

38. surgicalgown sLJJI {ij,e elrJ

39. surgical gloves sl.r\.-ll ;Gj: sljGi 40. operating table

!-l!l

4+lJl .ilrU

34. ambulance .jl^-1 ;Jli

,

Dictate to your partner. Take turns.

Role play. Ask about a

A: Write this sentence.

A: I need to find a good surgeon.

Bz She's

She's

a volunteer.

a what?

A; VoIunteer. That's v-ol-u-n-t-e-e-r.

dottor.

B: Dr. Jones is a great surgeon.You should call him.

A: lwill! Please give me his number.

"t2',


1. low-cost exam a-iKill

"l"'li

't22

gu+

i-L;iS

2. acupuncture

+,Jl

3. booth

1r)L

elc

4.

yoga l+dl

5. aerobic exercise

rl^

r*i

6. iemonstration a+r

a4;+,/ t-,,p

sugar-free

SJI *.lt-i

check... pulse ,J;",i.]l CEa-ii

nutritio; label

give a lecture

!-9-r'j ciLl- ill Lr

tJ;t-*,*jlf


Look at the picture. What do you see? Answer the questions. 1. How many different booths are there at the health fair? 2. What kinds of exams and treatments can you get at the fair? 3. What kinds of lectures and demonstrations are there?

4. How much is an acupuncture treatment? a medical screening?

Q

neaa the story.

A Health Fair Once a month the Fadool Health Clinic has a health fair. You can get a low-cost medical exam at one booth. The nurses check your blood pressure and check your pulse. At another booth you can get a free eye exam. And an acupuncture

treatment is only 55.00. You can learn a lot at the fair. This month a doctor is giving a lecture on nutrition labels. There is also a demonstration on sugar-free cooking. You can learn to do aerobic exercise and yoga, too. Do you want to get healthy and stay healthy? Then come to the Fadool Clinic

Health Fair!

Think about it. 1. Which booths at this

fair look

interesting to you? Why? 2. Do you read nutrition labels? Why or why not?

123


l.

parking garage

/.l rl ,L*-lgJ. * *lJL- dir-

t

2. office building , .ils.ll u-l_: cii. 3. hotel J$s

4. Department of Motor Vehicles 4",lvl

i,L.sJJl J-,,,j

i]rlr

5. bank

;:*

/

e!

6. police station dtJ;1l Gi^ 7. bus station ur*:i:Yl

it*

8. city hall 4+$1 *j+

Listen and point. Take turns. A: Point to the bank. B: Point to the hotel.

A: Point to the restaurant.

Dictate to your partner. Take turns. A: Write bank. B: ls that spelled b-a-n-k? Yes, that's right.

A:


9. hospital ,r-s,Jt*

10. gas station JtJJi 4l.s

11. post office

+::.K" 12. fire station

+ctl 13. courthouse

i^(Jl ti: '44.

restaurant erJ."

15. library L:<^

Grammar Point: in and

otwith locations

Use in when you are inside the building. lam in (inside) the bank. Use at to describe your general

location. I am at the bank.

Pair practice. Make new conversations. A: l'm in the bank. Where are you? B: l'm at the bank. too, but I'm outside. Az OK. I'll meet you there.


Anrdl p rla.i ,

\L<J

5. mosque

stadium

9. school i-:-r.

:1j,,1

2. construction site

iil'Lii]

6. movie theater

eE:^

7. shopping mall

3. factory

el^

,-sl*- -S-X

4. car dealership

ol;1;-;*-r Ways

Use

1

1. coffee shop

"+*

12. motel

.:,li\l -d 1.-

\7-

Use fo for schools, churches, and synagogues.

"r26

(jl*'ll 4'G) e:,iL^:

8. furniture store

to state your destination using fo and to the

l'm going

10. gym

L+'/,l:;c;y:

to school.

to thefor all other locations. I have to go to the bakery.

I 'n-

e

iji!)l*.J U *

Pair practice. Make new Gonversations. Az Where are you going today?

B: l'm going to school. How about you? A: t have to go to the bokerv.


4fo$lt g:}_*,j

13. skyscraper

/ high-rise

1Ll,1! I +Jl* 4lL! I

{rr"6

23. theater

"u

to give locations

The matl is on

e

20. home improvement store JjLll i*-"'i] j.ltr:i .[.

16. synagogue

2nd Street.

The mall is on the corner of 2nd ond Elm. The mall is next to the movie theoter.

;tl:i J*

22. garbage truck .itr'Gll ;fLu

supermarket .:,s,L "* L--

jt'*

;-+c"

21. office supply store a,;S*

19. bakery

15. cemetery

Ways

. r i - i4r-IAl 4,!L\

t8.

14. church

:l.a vJ.

17. community college

!'L-' LJL

,)*

24. convention center ':l_;^_r^ jS_x

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

l.

Where's your favorite coffee shop? 2, Where's your favorite supermarket? 3, Where's your favorite movie theater?

127


,

^.hLii

7. corner 4:-ti / lru

13. mailbox

2. dry cleaners dtrilLiil+t*

8. traffic light

14. pedestrian

3. convenience store ij+i- 4-1tri,

9. bus

1. laundromat LLc il,,i*

,-ill-

i;Li*

15. crosswalk 7

,+riri

10. fast food restaurant +r;1* l1,f-9i'.L

U.,+-

5. parking space ;;ti,,lt ;;; 6^

6. handicapped parking ecrl-l!- -iY-d ,irrl *J "e:i"

q;all .3r'r' ^

-rt-x ;lLdl

4. pharmacy

128

i&

1

1. drive-thru window &lJri '\\ i-J)l eiriil ;rili

J*

A. cross the street c!J 'LJl .-i B. wait for the light sJdr -

tr -

o

r:rl

JU)l

tt,.

lluJ

C. jaywalk dllil ,-6.4i-ll OtSl Jie uJ &ttJl *+

12. newsstand uiS"

;L,x,Jl

:rl1- ';l 'l<

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

Think about it. Discuss.

A: I have a lot of errands to do today. Bz Me, too. First, I'm going to the laundromat. A: I'll seeyou there ofter ! stop at the copy center.

2. Would you like to own a small business? lf yes, what kind? lf no, why not?

1. Which businesses are good to have in a neighborhood? Why?


,t & ah$i

iffi

22. bike

16. bus stop u"!+1"3j

-i!J-

17. donut shop iUJJI cts L!. 18. copy center

!i1$* JJ*J J* / tJ-" 19. barbershop

23. pay phone (..^g* .f+t); )+)! \9J 24. sidewalk

29. street vendor '1_9s$

/

cJj+L

-i,iLA

20. video store ' L^

.-ji-J

JU.tj 4iteJ jSrF

25. parking meter

21. curb , i.,.^; +iL-

26. street sign g;LJ

i!

30. childcare center D. ride a bike

illJi r!G;* rlre

G)ts

t'li I'li

28. cart + 4+f

a+l:r

i:l;r,,,<..! E. parkthe car

;-,!- ti!.*

a:sV

27. fire hydrant

jrJ- ailL

F.

walk a dog tilS

"/*.J

More vocabulary

Ask your classmates. Share'the answers.

neighborhood: the area close to your home do errands: to make a short trip from your home to

1. What errands do you do every week? 2. What stores do you go to in your neighborhood? 3. What things can you buy from a street vendor?

buy or pick up things

',2e

I

i I I I

rl


tt

tdidj

1.

2.

music store i-* k-

5. toy store

jewelry store

6. pet store

rl;a-*

"|** 3. nail salon

jLl:,)l J-l*:J;el'u* 4. bookstore

,,l<* t-

il ,i

I

i

I

-L

130

u6Jqr JsY

9. optician

';d J* 4+ ,Sr

Jlr

'u-l:k 10. shoe store _o5lr JLI.M

7. card store

1

J-- / rtL"

-:J 8. florist

Lr-i *!.*

,)sj

;

r:iG1

Lt

rd,rL

JJJ'.

.!,-

1. play area -r""U ,"i L."

12. guest services

,j e-iJl .:L".:*

More vocabulary

Pair practice; Make new conversations.

beauty shop: hair salon men's store: men's clothing store gift shop: a store that sells t-shirts, mugs, and other small gifts

A: Where is the florist? B: lt's on the first ftoor,

next

to

the optician.


{*l**} g*ki S*t'

lil'..=..-

iiu -t:.'r

.1. :. :,-', ii- .,r:-.i:r I I ::: ii I : : :.1 :: ::!. : r.t,.. a:.r: :ii::::_-l - : a: ,.r.::l .11: :i::r:jt::i:.:lit.:r:i::' .::-::r: i-il:.r_::. | :r.:-i,_::- ir:l.

13. department store

17. candy store

eLiiYl -:r,i. .J--

.LJl *

14. travel agency ;a-

all.53 1 j61:!,,,, r,:<4

'15. food court eL*.!Jl

i*t*

16. ice cream shop !s .i, !r

tu

21. elevator

L.-

22. cell phone kiosk (4l$ll) ,J r"Jl f,inlrdl 23. escalator

18. hair salon +s)*

;;Jt*

19. maternity store

J;idl ;s)-

e+

J*

dtrer.

20. electronics store 4+_9_!Nl

r_ldsl

i,

J-

24. directory J.'l.:il

J5i

Ways to talk about plans

Role play. Talk to a friend at the mall.

go to the card store. I have to go to the card store. lwant to go to the card store.

A:

Let's

,JLi{

go to the card store. I need to buy a card for Maogie's birthday. B: OK, but can we go to the shoe store next? Let's

I

I ! I

i i

131


tiJr.dl / 4l+ll

Townlul

erlT$f-

1. teller

.-{

[|

3. deposit tl+l 4. deposit slip

.3, rt. ^11 fu-i

2. customer

,b luy:

Il:rYl

,

5. security guard .l.i ,*_,16. vault 4+F

'1.

7. safety deposit box l-i- .3rrt: 3!.r3Jl 8. valuables

ri;;

or,,.Li

7.615

Opening an Account -t*r, z.ii Town Bank

;*fitxs:.,**

tfri-6frEr3-ginrEfrEFfl

4sl..lns &bn..

on A/7/gg

Endlng B3lsnâ&#x201A;Źr 6le/00

9. account manager

12. check book

Cri:ts;r.

Cr1<+,:r

10. passbook

t.

JYI

13. check

clj

frf'

t

15. ATM card

Jjll

savings account number G"lll sl- . - lJri,

14. checking account number

f:hJl +L-Jt P,

A. Cash a check. .l<J,r , iJ.aJ

,i

l-r!i:

Jl

,fk+ aiu+

16. bank statement *(+ll o1 ,-\l , i.':< 17. balance

+-',ll

B. Make a deposit. .t<,,.".

d

C. Bank online. .e,jJ!)l *1" 45!

g,lj,;

Ytooi 6.;,1

The ATM (Automated Teller Machine) sJYl !.iy-ll jl,g1

D. Insert your ATM card. .clt

xPlN

L

1*Bll

el

.i

4+l :Gl

Lr

al:ti

E. Enter your PlN.* < 'YJ

= personal identification number

Jl .,1-i ,,ls.li

F. Withdraw cash. ..ljliLJl

{:ts!

G. Remove your card. .,j!

i*tJl

ei

.,.

ll

o!U+

eei


4J,LlaJl

:, irinth 1 !r. 1oS iaftet be :lr _,..* f-r Reillsed she t1')!

;r

,.''# . get a library card :_nS. :G1 L.r ,;e J.aJ

B. look for a book +ttt 4P ,t^*

C. check out a LtS

book

D. return a book 1+tS qr;

Jiri*i

E. pay a late fine ,ol.:

Lt rWc rir.

\r'fe<li.a Section

1. library clerk

ai<.,',r;J*i,,rils 2. circulation desk I atJ

14. title ..1llr.

('"''1'L)

al+-

3. library patron i"<. rU-x

4nl: ,; !,"

7. headline

L;j-: ull;i;

5. magazine

L 1r\^

13. biography

4. periodicals

6. newspaper ii.,*

5. author -iJ;* 16. novel 1

!1-s-r

*-+r

10. self-checkout 1+1:. ,1<;JLLL1

Jl9!"

8. atlas

1

1. online catalog r-.r<\1--\1:< s-)-ts1 C-).*

ilLl

9. reference librarian ii-+JJl nL"!,-X i.:f" ;*"i

17. audiobook qrt1l,* '"'LK

12. picture book J9 - ','ljs

19. DVD /:: \Y

9

-s Y::\le

-..ii 2'

-ri

rr]

v

*,!it

18. videocassette

s+

4-,l,,

133


+-$l

1. Priority q)-;l*

Mail@

l;

3. media mail

5. airmail

cf)t'l +-r

.AtrU Yr.

4. Certified Mail-' k*1.

2. Express Mail' !utru l-J

6. ground post / parcel post

â&#x201A;Ź'r -!'r

15. greeting card

13. letter

,,,lF /,i1 L:.

1

16. post card (JLL} .!rts) ++_r

7. package

19. postal forms

r$

i!.L- djJK/a-ll Ll

14. envelope , :\;_ / -i$

+6s..c

L-1;r c,l;1"i,1

18. book of stamps

20. letter carrier :r 'rlt . Ll^ / :. Jl rL

L:r"-1 J 'ii: .-J, l.r

AiU+

21. return address

23. stamp

&dt ;tr-

.l u pLt

22. mailing address +Jl

&!l

Ways to

24. postmark

+!t$

.rl_*

talkabout sending mail

Pair practice. Make new conversationt.

Mail') Mail')

This letter has to eet there tomorrow. (Express

Ai Hi. This letter

has

This letter has to arrive in two days. (Priority

B: You can

it by

This letter can go in reaular mail. (First Class)

A,:

sentd

to

oet there tomorrow.

Expres;s

Mail'.

OK.l need a book of stamps, too.


+J+ll

+Sl

7. postal clerk

9. post office box (PO box)

r.t; , il-rr

1u \'

'v

*\:.. I 'J'

1

i.:-i-

10. automated postal center (APC)

8. scale

Ji

1. stamp machine

ellt 4sl-

e'

.s+,;; -,sJ.

12. mailbox +;pJl

'GJY.93r:-

Sending a Card diJEiilu+ cI*J!

A. Write a note in a card. jJl.:jl J allu; r$r

B. Address the envelope. ..jLlJl *lt OlJitll ';'1<1

C. Put on a stamp.

E. Deliver the card.

F. Receive the card.

G. Read the card.

.

.+-,Jt cJ-i,e;

-

\.tt

.ujrr

l.

is

.

.

r,r!1 gU"

.cj)1S1

e;i

ij,i

D. Mailthe card. .

r:;il .3rrr ^ lr-s $Jlsll

qrilj

H. Write back. .J Jl-!l Lrie ll J k-!l risr

More vocabulary

Think about it. Discuss.

overnight / next day mail: Express Mail' postage: the cost to send mail junk mail: mail you don't want

1. What kind of mail do you send overnight? 2. Do you want to be a letter carrier? Why or why not? 3. Do you get junk mail? What do you do with it?

13s

i i I I I

-


i-,ll3t

l.

DMV handbook

il)t

crtr<_rJl

g\+ri ;1.lt

2. testing area

;l=i")l ;!ilu

,

,

,,t'i<

DMV clerk 4+j)l ".1,<)ll J5j

cig;.ll cjr+i iJ,ilt

5. fingerprint 6-l a-,:;

!J.l:. ;l^_*

4. photo qel_py.1s;11e

8. proof of insurance - i-tr -r rr LJIUI u$l

9. driver's license fJLu 6rlii i,:iJ

N57881049/

AUG

Aar/t;,[ut

CLASS

ffi

6riLi

;'Id t-ta-

uspu}ffstr

10. expiration date

ekii)l

12. license plate 4"'i.r'll

GJU

11. driver's license number ;lLriill

/

j-, iis

0RtvERs ll8Ft{99

J

dl1,J.-j,

6. vision exam

@ c*rFonurf (9r

7. window

;.-i-l

,

=+:jil .t1J

13. registration sticker / tag , \*iJl iiJ / gFY

pli-l

More vocabulary

Ask your ilassmates. Share the answers.

expire: a license is no good, or expires, after the expiration date renew a license: to apply to keep a license before it expires vanity plate: a more expensive, personal license plate

1. How far

is

the DMV from your home?

2. Do you have a driver's license? lf yes, when does it expire? lf not, do you want one?


a*JVt

*t *<r;l

Getting Your First License

j-*E; 6y!*

clJ &rrâ&#x201A;Źs

4,*i'1 J3i

"-u

Js.**:t

*r*r*^

,.. .^, ,sor;-r,., _{}S

:

l.

.--

:., :l

C. Show your identification.

Studythe handbook. j,<lt jsli

";&p

+atja

j*!

i jlttl:l:.r rij..a..

,,'lt.'ltrt,l:nj: ri i:i:'r-rj;dii;

).

Pay the application fee. .

.,1L11

fl$: e-,,

E. Take a written test.

.#,r-Plt

egrt

;l-')ll

P$rl

F. Get a learner's permit. .J"j.X Crr"-i ulo d,6l

STUDrilT DRIVHR

\

3

G. Take a driver's training course.* .j+iLJl .,,Jjr: ;;r't d:fll

H. Pass a driving test. .i;ur

b:G .jl -j-' J SCil

l.

Get your license. .,,',t.i-LJl

i:1,rii1l

;i--o, *[1

*Note: This is not required for drivers 18 and older.

Ways

to request more information

What do I do next? What's the next step? Where do I go from here? il

Role play. Talk to a DMV clerk. A: lwant to apply for a driver's license. B; Did you studv the handbook? A: Yes, I did. What do I do next?

137


4+JS,.dl

L.riJl3 LJS:JI

Federal Government ({Jl:$ll) alrtsiYl LJS.rll Legislative Branch 4++J.j,illLLLJI

l.

4. congressperson rl"l+.:5 "^:. 5. Senate r ",,1,\l ,J*

Capitol

U.S.

, * sll r 'L\l-J"' l;illsll (;,tilt; i "-!:.)l ,

2. Congress

!J-

c-,.-,*,;sll

6. senator

3. House of

/ ; .;

I

Representatives

!7i

Jll!

-1

,,\- ^ .,:c

.

,.,1C1 ,J*l+-

Executive Branch a1+$j!ta-hLlt

7. White House ei.#Yl d+jl

8. president (.,$-tll

9. vice president +$_'ll

+lj

10. Cabinet b)t

)9t

Judicial Branch i.lit'ill 4llull 1

1. Supreme Court ]+ul

;-sJl

12. justices

iL:i 13. chief justice

i-aJl u"+J / ;l :iill U"+J

The Military As!..'ll dllJill

14. Army ,

138

'j++ll

15. Navy

!r.Jl

16. Air Force

!j+Jl .:lrill

17. Marines a. -,Jl iL,i. C)t(-l+ll^l',1

18. Coast Guard Li JI ,iA

19. National Guard ,rjtjJl u"Fl


deJ6*,rll L.l.:J|3 a-SSJt

City Government +4utt Lrs.

State Government qYstt A,,ss.

23. Legislature

20. governor

26. mayor

r)l *4;;ilt -*I-Jt

tsui 21. lieutenant governor 3SkJl ','rg

22. state capital

dYll i*Lc

An Election

';J.J1

24. assemblyperson -"J+lt +;s

27. city council , c:lJl . t- -tl / ij.ill Y-e-

25. state senator

28. councilperson

"+J']iJJi

dY Jl z "',,i, .l.-

,

,\- -

i-rJl .rt- r:.

';p

cil+Li,ijl

ffFfV Fon {}lfY COt}StC

A. run for office ,G u^-jil a*O:3*;a

C. get elected nuLrijYl s.i

jJq

29. politicalcampaign L&1"- 4!Li*1i1 al*

B. debate

31. election results

D. serve

clLl.ji)l erljl

6$U"

4i!n{

urg

30. opponent rJ.+

elJQ

r'-i\l /

LreLJt

32. elected official ..,-_:i"

jr}*

---) More vocabulary

Think about it. Discuss.

I

term: the period of time an elected official serves political party: a group of people with the same political goals

l. Should everyone have to serve in the military? Why or

I

why not? 2. Would you prefer to run for city council or mayor? Why?

l

I : I

139


4J&ll citnl9ll3 dJ6rll Responsi bil

ities

dil++l3ll

A. vote

B. pay taxes

dtLl:.1lyl

,

C,gzJ O-E

D. register with Selective Service* gGijYl LIJI j 4sr

Citize

n

sh

i

Ji+dJ

p Req u i remsnt5

Rights

rs

irl i-

!i

c"+$1

2. free speech

F. be informed , < * L^.! c-)ttl s -ls .39.?

g.r39

=J

U.S.

l.

for 5 years

o i; rrd 6 \- i Jl

.:L) tl

*.3

I ^Ja o ,..1J$ c,;l

3. freedom of religion ;.rtJl

PKll!,>

"Note: All males 18lo 26 who live in the

140

E. serve on a jury :ust* a-o j LriJt

take a citizenship test a.-"i.Jl uL':;) p$q ui

,1ArJt

1. peaceful assembly

r-IJl

',;l-i,ll .rr.L, 9.

":lt C*

H. live in the O.lSr

C. obey the law

4+"ai.?'ll slc dJ,asll ol+l!':i

G. be 18 or older a-i- 1A -),<i Ji "

,rt

U.S.

ji .r"ll q.,-

4. freedom of the press 411- ^ll

4j:F

are required to register with Selective Service.

5. fair trial i.l.:lJl i^St- Jl


qrllill

el.Ejll

B. hire a lawyer

A. arrest a suspect .4,i 4.:5 _-ii -Je -':$ll J3! 1. police officer

/ hire

o1

6. judge

_.:ti

10. prosecuting attorney !!:ll *S: / ptJl *c:Jl

D. stand trial

;.xl-^ll C;3i / fsr-i 7. courtroom 4'1-i

defendant

a!"i.Jis

qlc *c:" / pgx

4. defense attorney 3ti.t .-1*"

*iJl ijhtr eS+ 14. verdict" JtJdll / r<Jl

:ii\!

5. defendant

..r"rL

2. handcuffs uLiJS / .:;"6

E. convict the

C. appear in court

3. guard

,+)a I "t;.i l+L,

d"sJl

an attorney

!^L^ c5*

F. sentence the defendant og]Jl 4Js. lr+ fssll JJâ&#x201A;ŹJ

12. court reporter

11. witness

a*sJl +ts 13. bailiff

.:lL,.l

axJl

G. go to jail / go to prison ,.^11 Frq /,.s !

-?

'

vi

i

, ,-1,

H. be released 4AIJH..!q I

e eA

15. convict / prisoner au+- / (!l'pS*) Lrlr^

*Note: There are two possible verdicts,'guilty" and "not guiltyi'

Look at the pictures. Describe what happened. police officer arrested a suspect. B: He put handcuffs on him.

A: The

Think about it. Discuss. 1. Would you want to serve on a jury? Why or why not? 2. Look at the crimes on page 142. What sentence would you give for each crime? Why?

14",


4.*J#l

1. vandalism latia $

Fj

2. burglary

Jt*

3. assa u lt cl.El

4. gang violence r::LLac *i:q T

5. drunk driving J.,jil ,",- i !J1rl , lrlid

l-ll

illegal drugs +c

*^

.:1

,tl"

7. arson ld:& L!13

8. shoplifting

f-ill ejL:j;* i-iJ-

9. identity theft

yJl u1r4,,-6;* 10. victim

q'lr

-i-

I

i*,

11. muggrn9 ,.,1 ,Jl *ir-t6r olJicl

12. murder [dl a^ * 13. gun JrJai

More vocabulary

"t42

steal: to take money or things from someone illegally commit a crime: to do something illegal criminal: someone who does something illegal

Think about it. Discuss. 1. ls there too much crime on TV or in the movies? Explain.

2. How can communities help stop crime?


4*U,:t

LU;t A. Walk with ajl'.^.j

a friend.

,i,.^*,d,.1 lv

B. Stay on well-lit streets. .!;\:!1 ; rlr

gtt:* *s $1 l I

C. Conceal your number. u:lijc:l\

<

!'e

PIN

ilt

J:Li!,

.!)i *i}lt jt(+.J

D. Protect your purse or wallet. .elrl a-ii- ,i ,,!t1-;- " ,,lo ,bat^

tffiffi

r#ff

ffi

E.

Lock your doors. .,,i,tri .1i!l

F.

Don't open your door to strangers.

.'Lrlll

ffi G.

el+!,Cle

V

Don't drink and drive.

.!-,!* l.rfi: J"Jl

+;,.1i

Y

H. Shop on secure websites.

.4l.;* -jjiil Sly,J' )l cjJ...:i

t.

V

Be aware of your surroundings. .iL 4t*1r i"tt"- Lt.t :: I & *F

Report suspicious packages.

r. J. .r -le Li - i.h - ;jr !.iL .4Ap.::^

K.

Report crimes to the police.

3l5Jl ;c 4!J"lll & Join a Neighborhood Watch.

iillJl .-Jl Jui o+" d! p,5l .4,6

!+^ill JLâ&#x201A;Ź)1

More vocabulary

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

sober: not drunk designated drivers: sober drivers who drive drunk people home safely

1. Do you feel safe in your neighborhood? 2. Look at the pictures. Which of these things do you do? 3. What other things do you do to stay safe?

143


Es+Jdl dr3l3$l3 (jJlshlt {.tYt*

1. lost child

5. earthquake

CL: $L 2. car accident 6;l o:ts / ;;i,r,. l:Lr

3. airplane crash ;;.Lt .t-"r 4. explosion

144

.bLt ].,/

6. mudslide jiJJl J)jil 7. forest fire

iGLl

10. fire truck oGtl i;1i;.'

i!U- Ljt;>

8. fire

cl-*

."rl+;l

Ways

9. firefighter

JtiJ

to report an emergency

First, give your name. My name isTim Johnson. Then, state the emergency and give the address. There was a car accident at 21 9 Elm Street.

Role play. Call 911. A: 911 Emergency Operator. B: My name is Lisa Diaz. There is a fire at 323 Oak Street. Please hurry!


q';$tt

11. drought

&;1;6!13 glljrlrJl ciYLr

1

12. famine

't9. flood

5. tornado

L-d / ljli?

a-+

;1 ;.ii

sl

16. volcanic eruption

ac1r"

13. blizzard ;qr.; a-'ll ai*lc

17. tidal wave / tsunami ..-.UJ,j / !- +-p+ ^+-""

14. hurricane

18. avalanche

;1-.]

20. search and rescue team rLn)lJ ,',-l\1 &Js

,*.Jt() Jlsnl

-\'i .js/,",,;

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

Think about it. Discuss.

1. Which natural disaster worries you the most? 2. Which natural disaster worries you the least? 3. Which disasters are common in your local area?

1. What organizations can help you in an emergency? 2. What are some ways to prepare for natural disasters? 3. Where would you go in an emergency?

i

l: i: l i I

145

i !

I


&JlJtJl sYLr

4r$.lt obt;;yt

i

Before an Emergency J;;LhJl arrll .lJ.l. d;i

A. Plan for an emergency. .ijJl-tlt

l.

2. out-of-state contact

ilrlt.b!i

meeting place

B. Make a disaster kit. .:t"=!i* a+U ;lr. l6i-t .laJlJSl

6. warm clothes .ij!$l 4lji,i u+\ 7. blankets 8. can opener ','f i^lii 9. canned food ..

u)

\'

10. packaged food

o

15. batteries s\'lU+

I 1. bottled water

16. matches

+)s

12. moist towelettes iJ"J i; $* .tJg

17. cash and coins

13. toilet paper

18. first aid kit arJ;i crlrL-l i..lc

.$i-r

G-,:

il@J $i

i/.: j'U

rJC

*:

19. copies of lD and credit cards +;16ll et-ll l-,. rJ ;JJs a$ o1-j.:)1 gGl Lir

20. copies of important papers 4.+Jl jlJ j)l J EJJa ai

14. flashlight

/i 9:t

a;;U+

6b*

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

Ask your classmates. Share the answels.

A: What do we

1. Who would yourcallfirst after an emergency? 2. Do you have escape and evacuation routes planned? 3. Are you a calm person in case of an emergency?

need

for our disaster kit?

B; We need blankets and matches. A: I think we olso need batteries.

1,..

5. evacuation route

au- a-Ji *L cltat.;

&$U+

e

JI;JI .9li iL^. ^

3. escape route +-x- / +,rd &-A

,iS^

^-si

4. gas shut-off valve

L)!l 6;t^ -i;L-


rsJljltll ciYtr

j L1!.lt crbl..;6Yl

During an Emergency a.:;tlltfui.ll eu:i e-i

D. Pay attention to warnings.

C. Watch the weather. .,_*!l"il il1.,!,6U

.LUl cllfl'\-'i\\ 4Ji!l

.l-:rlr

G. Help people with disabilities. .a.1.+;J1 d*Lll

l.

J.

Stay away from windows. .$ltll 0e &iil

After an Emergency

Take cover.

.isl

fui-hJlfutsJt

L. Call out-of-state contacts. .LY;JI g;l^ elsJl4 Jiâ&#x201A;Źil

rol*

E. Remain calm.

.i!

H. Seek shelter. .L;L Ji 1+.- i.1e ''''rl

K. Evacuate the area.

.aitillJil

a3's.q

M. Clean up debris. .u;UnYl e ,-11SJ1 uiAj

N. lnspect utilities.

i:

li

..FlJJl (,te criii

I

t;

Ways to say you're OK

Ways to say you need help

Role play. Prepar6 for an emergency.

I'm fine.

We need help.

We're OK here.

Someone is hurt.

A: They just issued a hurricane warning. B: OK. We need to stay calm and follow directions. A: What do we need to do first?

Eve

rythi ng's

un

der control.

l'm injured. Please get help.

ir

i: I

147

i: I

t;


ffi

,l

'.sll fc ;,n

.l

/

'*

\J

2. litter lGrlll rJ;GL .)t"# LL"]1

J

,

3. streetlight lJLilj iful riFL" 4. hardware store / +.J1 i:lr,j)l ';rl!l iilJrj J-- "E-

5. petition ar*; a-':r;c / ;"t^Ji

A. give a speech trr

tr- ;tJJ


Look at the pictures. What do you see? Answer the questions. 1. What were the problems on Main Street?

2. What was the petition for? 3. Why did the city council applaud?

4. How did the people change the street?

@ neaA the story. Community Cleanup Marta Lopez has a donut shop on Main Street. One day she looked at her street and was very upset. She saw qraffiti on her donut shop and the other stores. Litter was everywhere. All the streetlights were broken. Marta wanted to fix the lights and clean up the street. Marta started a petition about the streetlights. Five hundred people signed it. Then she gave a speech to the city council.The council members voted to repair the streetlights. Everyone applauded. Marta was happy, but her work wasn't finished.

PHART'O

Next, Marta asked for volunteers to clean up Main Street.The hardware store manager gave the volunteers free paint. Marta gave them free donuts and coffee. The volunteers painted and cleaned. They changed Main Street. Now Main Street is beautiful and Marta is proud.

Think about it. 1. What are some problems in your community? How can people help?

2. lmagine you

are Marta. What do you say in your speech to the city council?

149


1. car

;-,!2. passenger :rS1,r

3. taxi

*.su 7;*1 ;;,!-

4. motorcycle Jl.-y:^ / a::L+ ++l,rr 5. street a2

6. truck ,,ri-il / 4j"Ld

7. train

Jtt! 8. (air)plane

M h:*x**

+

Listen and point. Take turns.

Dictate to your partner. Take turns.

Az Point to the motorcycle.

A: Write motorcycle.

B: Point to the truck.

B: Could you repeat that for me?

Az Point to the train.

Az M oto rcycl e. M- o-t- o- r- c-y- c-l-e.


9. helicopter I i;r;rc 63Lt

-;+:-$ 10. airport

jLt 11. subway station

i r-d rLL,c aJ.* jui .-P";u-. 12. subway r-:* / *-sii J'i"J ,jr-t 13. bus stop

/

.;rrr:j *Gr

n)GL^ -iSJ-

14. bus a-Lit /

-*;ri

15. bicycle

a:!t^ / Ll;:

Ways to talk about using

transportation

for buses, trains, subways, taxis, planes, and helicopters. Use drive for cars and trucks. Use take

Use ride for bicycles and motorcycles.

Pair practice. Make new conversations. A: How do you get to school? B: I take the bus. How about you? A: I ride a bicycle to school.


rlrll

A Bus StoP ct"*-Ssi

cjAilt

A SubwaY Station ei'ii

'ils'

JU"s

i'b"

)t

6us 1o t{orthbound i

Main Elm - Q-Cltj 6:00 6:18,;:6:.itfiii 6:30 6:40 6:43 7;ss ,?4$.7r13jr 7:30 7'.40 7'.43 i

e@

gr+Yt)l -,:- &-,1

:rs1:

4. schedule .:ltl:- rJ:.+

2. fare 4+J', / ;_Fi

A Train

5. transfer ,IJ-j ;JSi

3. rider

1. bus route

?ratls€er::,

Station JU!

6. subway car ,rs ;ttii 1-p 7. platform

8. turnstile ;13: *iiii ;L 9. vending machine

1

0. token

'.J;J al€ 1

1. fare card

ii+Yl 4ill-

(-j+gJ

4e

Airport Transportation :t!"ll cl!

i-Ls..

dr)l'alee

!l tFl

Et

Q2

L-r

rrA3f DAvrs/DAuoN

dilrlgn, un g0smn ilmu s$,}{A

," 684 2\

1?FEB03

BtI$tsE$

ci

ib"'-lix*o*se'rgr

*

12. ticket window r5lii dLJ

15. ticket

13. conductor

16. Jne-way trip

IH

. ".X / Sl:ill JUi !

YJ

14. track

is-

ir

I .::'

lii! -fii iLt 17. round trip 6193 u1a!

!

More vocabulary

I! i

frail a taxi: to raise your hand to get a taxi ar- - r^---&L^ L,,- -+^^ after tl.ra bus l-rr leaves ^f+av the ' - the bus: to get to the bus stop miss

I

152

I I

n

; slr

I

;

18. taxi stand

i r.pi :.r ,L-. iiro

(\9 Ju) |

19. shuttle

dF

/

+"+-_i

20. town car iJL- / iiG J_dL- ;JU*

21. taxi driver -dL/asl

i.., b\S

22.laxi license s^6U a--:J 23. meter

:it

a-rlir.J

Ask your classmates. Share the answers. 1. ls there a subway system in your city? 2. Do you ever take taxis? When? 3. Do you ever take the bus? Where?

ilU

Jsill


{sJJq &hiJt

A. go under the bridge

,*:lt ,",-r (p)

l.

;"

/ *l \tr

-'

.-o! . -

',Jc

cJ.S

(ur-sNl)

rJl

!"Jv9J'

Use get into for taxis and cars. Use get on for buses, trains, planes, and highways.

4J.$ _Je t+-l .:l r -.:l' !+_4jlJj+

G. run across the street

H. run around the corner drljJl dJA ,-)aSJi

* , .ir5 IJ 'LJl 'rc "

eF;

K. drive through the tunnel 'isll ss

u'Ut ,'xzsr

off

D. walk down the steps

iL'.,ir rL.i/3LLi

J. get off the highway

Jll lc ,ls.r

Grammar Point: into, out of, on,

6;p.Y1 611,- rJ*

*

k+..I9

F. get out of the taxi

get on the highway

- Jl !--Qv

C. walk up the steps

B. go over the bridge **.-tt .ao! 9J

cJa"r:

E. get into the taxi (.i"Sl:Jl) r;sYl r;1,r .J!

:dt 'i*e

,'A

og

Use get out of for taxis and cars. Use get

offfor

buses, trains, planes, and highways.

1 , , I I

153


JJllt sEiY

2. do not enter / wrong way iloi olilt / JFJI tri*

5. U-turn OK ',r ,"ii -* LJ

6JLJ1

10. merge

.:jj+Jl

J.nl

13. pedestrian crossing ;L,,ill J qe

14. railroad crossing /, ,i-iil;\ r-r= \vrt-

I

I

r I

I

I

",54

.::l

6. no outlet / dead end ry-:* ,1;A / rii" ct:+

9. yield

9 ol--il

i-;r^ 1;rc 16. road work

L(- , *

J- iih-

e=ill 4eJ"Jl

8. no left turn rl r\l ,Jl .irU.-Yl r +-

1. no parking u;sell

15. school crossing

g;

7. right turn only J.i! ,.lc^"Jl Jl sl LlYl

1

eL"$l

4. speed limit

one way

1

g3*

17.

2. handicapped parking J$l*^lj J!r^

/ highway

U.S.

route

er

-il.J. L){e / il,rY j

marker J}r

.}}t

18. hospital si.fi*r

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

A: Watch out!The sign

1. How many traffic signs are on your street? 2. What's the speed limit on your street? 3. What traffic signs are the same in your native country?

says no left turn. B: Sorry, ! was looking ot the stop sign. A: That's OK. Just be careful!


lt:l>g Directions

d,l,rL&1t

A. Go straight on Elm Street. .CJ t:t-,i sic ft$l,s ohi! * B. Turn right on Pine Street.

C. Turn left on Oak Street. .utri g;u cle lJl*J dlnjt D. Stop at the corner. .i*Lll/airljl $. Li!

c :L- lc UE Ei.Lr:l

.

c!l.rt-&1l

,vr pL lr

Go past Main Street. 'v-

M9 (J

rS

Wl

Go one block to First Street. .c*,F t:U Jl 4+-ll ijL* *

W Polk St

f

eointof

interest

1. north

f nailroaotract< l,,,.Pr',,

3. south !Jr+ 4. east

Jt^,i

2. west +.P

5. symbol 6. key C[L 7. scale

Role play. Ask for directions. A: I'm lost. I need to get to EIm and Pine. B: Go straight on Oak and make a right on Pine. so much.

8. street

9. highway r*

t-J

1

1. GPS (global positioning system

TJU

.r!L

A: Thanks

I

i"J.

e-J

10. river ." i

)

,U;\ *l - ^ (!.tt- 4;3 tl

:rr-i

12. lnternet map d,iJjjl ihF

Ask'your <lassmatesi Share the answers. 1. How often do you use lnternet maps? GPS? paper maps?

2. What was the last map you used? Why?

155


d,l-ll+*,

9. camper

1. 4-door car / sedan ,j_elL- iJ\- / .:ri i drli ;JLu

5. convertible

2.2-door carlcoupe .:6;:[- / JriL llr;JLb 3. hybrid ('t,J+Sllr ij!! J-,1) *_*r ;:!4. sports car la-';L,\,"-;\Lu

6. station wagon ++LL;-r!7. SUV (sport-utility vehicle)

't2. pickup truck ril

'3\li ijsL,,X

13. cargo van

^iL;,

1al . \ jr-r.

\9

'l.A

Jrv

/

rJtil;ls

10.

RV (recreational vehicle) (++e.ur +$-}")

,4

ti

11. limousine / limo

;:rts i-r.:Lt 6;L+

aJltj_i.-"J

iJ!-

8. minivan / ,Li -i-h\ ; 'i' -

,

,i

1

rii ;;q-

15. tractor trailer

/

semi

,

"lS\I

-;lS^ i ,L-

( -,.i e 9r) jYl*'i-Yl

14. towtruck .,,-.

+A

6J-.rlL

,li ; rL-

18. moving van

6. cab aj-L,.ill 4+lS

sliJl ;G

;_.11i",

19. dump truck

17. trailer ;--,11tr!..i.;c

ii-t:l

20. tank truck

a,- !â&#x201A;Ź-

4_i-L,i

21. school bus

i-;r. ,"+;1i

Pair practice. Make new (onversations.

More vocabulary

A: I have a new car!

make: the name of the company that makes the car model: the style of the car

you get o hybrid? A: Yes, but I really wanted a sports car. Bz Did


;tt+ fub,.aS *l-rt Buying a Used Car

il*:.,*

i,1l;*

rly' How many miles does it have?

'05 Sedan. Must sell. Great deal!

A. Look at car ads. .ul-rr,r."ll

B. Ask the seller about the

citi),el i JEil

D. Negotiate a

price.

E.

ijlJt ;e eUi rJLt

C. Take the car to a mechanic. sS.jts& sll iJliJl ii

Get the title from the seller.

F. Register the

.gt.Jt .r" asLll

.-:'- *J' cf:G

r-

.,Jo

car.

car.

.;,'$l rli*

"1,..t

Taking Care of Your Car 4-.,h.+ el&Yl

G. Fill the tank with gas.

.+-r!t r.,1;

J.

i#

Go for a smog check.* .4jrLll L,ljUX,rF.3 iiJ iiAil

*smog check emissions test = Ways

to request service

Please check the oil.

Could you fill the tankT Put in coolant, please.

l.

H. Check the oil. .,",ijJl

o.:il

K. Replace the windshield wipers. .sLL,:Jl J$*1

Put in coolant. :. *ill , LL rjr

L. Fill the tires with

air.

.elr<lL crlJUYl eijl

Think about it. Discuss. 1. What's good and bad about a used car? 2. Do you like to negotiate car prices? Why? 3. Do you know any good mechanics? Why are they good?

157


i

(slJtr-Jl 11a.J-) cll1l+,rl ils., $e

^t

9''J

Jl !'J -- Jl

eful3*.lt $"

lle / rLtl

2. windshield wipers

3. sideview mirror

DJUI

!Sl

7. headlight c-l-i Cl+* 8. bumper

;i:r

4. hood (crri() ;Jli,,\1 d,*

10. gas tank

6. turn signal sl.,4ll

d:LL,:-11

e+rlill +:-Jl

9. hubcap/wheel cover alJl J ^a eli.d

5. tire

' '-L

olJ..

L

r'

12. license plate ;J1+Jl CJ

red_5Jl

;n:

pU;

18. engine

;eiv / d;* 158

c\* "u 14. brake light C\*

15. tail pipe

ilLuJl .!rrr ^

^\l qirii^

13. tail light

4J^jilt

rls

I 1. trunk

Under the Hood (clJitll) dlJ+.ll ptLi ,".-r

17. fuel injection system

,r-L!

t-

At the Mechanic

At the Dealer

1. windshield

tLi

!. ,l-r,rr,.rF

4sj

ertil ;Jr*l-

16. muffler (!1 "< i) ci Mil

\"'-

lnside the Trunk 6J+-Jl dJ$.a

21. jumper cables

19. radiator

/cL-;\ ,nL:l \Llr'ir 20. battery clU+

dilr

,

4-!Ltll

Jrs

J.S

22.lug wrench l+t ELiL

23. spare tire /, d-1\t9 -tl ,i-1 \e. 24. jack (c!:5S) gtr;

,Lt!

'


i

't*,,,rF'l-ri

<.

,d+i

\-

The Dashboard and lnstrument Panel --r;ill 6,*+i3 ilhlrJl LJJ ;JrJ"Jl JiU

25. door lock

30. temperature gauge

.r!il Jii

iJiJAll

26. steering wheel

31. gas gauge

;jl,tii\l :i!5e

.-u>Jl

27. speedometer

+c!1

32. horn I dAl \v

-rl.:c

28. odometer

U"L,L

".!L

,r^:rll

29. oil gauge

40. heater j.ir^

36. hazard lights tC-,I S uJ,srl ,j1*

41. defroster

37. radio

42. power outlet

,ad I er.

o5rril-^-11-ri

1S-,. &U

45. brake pedal iL1ill i-13: 46. gas pedal

/

accelerator .1

urll

i-l

47. gear shift ua Jl , EL

sil9a eL"i ,J!i$

44. glove compartment ulj-ili .3rri ^

39. air conditioner

jl.JUl

el

An Automatic Transmission

43. air bag

l=lJii ,Jiti-ir jl-*^ t/, cr *l il";..-:^

34. turn signal $\.,4

4lll" $i.

38. CD player

JL,.:il

.+-il .r\i"

r.ttll.Jr;

'!.:l-r

33. ignition

(+sLJl rl.rc)

35. rearview mirror i.ilJl a5;J.1 ;iy

dl Js^

A ManualTransmission â&#x201A;ŹJ+ as-'r &U

49. clutch

(e!-r:il)

lnside the Car 6,.1t;JlqJil.r

51. front seat cr+tilt

48. hand brake

50. stick shift

$1 4L_,,

("F+,r)

.it"!l

c*l*i J*L

52. seat belt Ji:31;r

&ilL !L"j eljA

53. child safety seat .lstX JUi

&L

54. backseat jlL :'i.

e.:

159 i


Ju-o

At the Security Checkpoint cF.cYl u4'L$ ilail Se

ln the Airline Terminal trLoll fuL- ,.i

1. skycap ._nt6Jl

3. ticket agent

jls

&L

2. check-in kiosk

'

the

Gfr

5. TSA* agent

g.i

JS-r

4. screening area

'Ji:l+Jl '4is

/ security screener / +l .rl ,t JSl

t

";lL.

6. bin

its; jjp aiitj^

r. arrival

rr

r;:-iil

-.,

monitm

o-.-rL

Taking a Flight q.r+;Lr d JsJt

l.

-.

gate a+l_r

). boarding ij; -"J.

A. Check in electronically. L-,i.

nsl

B. Checkyour bags.

,!tu:lL.\-i

E. Board the plane.

.,,,lliJl

lJ*

F. Find your seat.

.;Jll!l &â&#x201A;Źl

.d.h.L 4P

''''ii

C. Showyour boarding pass and lD.

.L.,ltj I FJI i!U+ JCli

G. Stow your carry-on bag. .cL

i*l.ll

r,ttl

iat ,r5

D. Go

through security.

.gnYl

;-tn aro ,e

H. Fasten your seat belt.

.r'iJl elja ^hJl e-ticket

Omrd* : .-

!-i-L

tray taftl iL-;-.!

l.

Turn offyour cell phone. .J *rJl e!_r$i / dliita dlii

J.

Take off. / Leave.

.iJrli. / e$!

* Transportation Security Administration

160

K. Land. / Arrive. ,,J:-l / Lel

L. Claim your baggage. .elu;l

6,1.,)i-l

Moren departr arrival

li

directQ


Jt-L.o

At the Gate

$e

4+lJ+ll

7. arrival and departure

On the Airplane 6it-LJl LJilr

10. cockpit

monitors i1.:LiJl1 J j'.!l

1

+-,!L11 ++1s ciL,iiLi

11. pilot

8. gate

L,JlJt s)ls 'l

12. flight attendant

9. boarding area iJ,:tUl JJ .:;*Jl ilil-

;;,lJa

[tlrlM&

*ffiqm l@t4tMNtr

loOxfrGSF:ld&S

AtiLtNt lrt ,l&t wEredM& 11 ult

ctt33

,lef

ts6

ECorcSY o€Pl

Alr 0es0

XttYoR{ Al:12{0 rtJil ErreBmh 211 EoOiloiY Lv: XE sft lrrtr0 An: l[^Sl Al aao An:

{cening}ird Ait FUGH1'128 D&&zffi

odsin

\;-

GATE

827

SEAT 1OC

trd tYc

Dadndon Boarding Pass

3. overhead compartment Lje .J!L;J+-

,J-r+ tlYJ ;tw-t

l ,i,:

, Oatc

rJ.g

17. customs officer gjjl ^i , ;LJ^

E-r_n -. \

18. luggage / bag A.$- / i.i"j

5. passenger :rsl,r

^^

o-Zo'S

I

ruom rzl

I

sslr roc

@

DEPT:C^IEAa

19. e-ticket

22. turbulence

25. life vest

20. boarding pass .le* +!lL

26. emergency card

21. tray table

24. oxygen mask

27. reclined seat

i.-i*

a* Yr.

a;;"o:

-l J"*;l '9/ -t t.l -..t^ 23. baggage carousel djJAiJl i'i^)l J"!-

4+J u\ll oJ\!

4l^1^

16. declaration form

14. emergency exit

-,$

!ir

At Customs dr.o+ll .tb

"-""S1

;$,Jl

U_,,1

S

slrL,jiJl ii1 Lr

!e!l Jt" r&

eLG

28. upright seat _\<l.l1 dils rqi^ 29. on-time s-Jl :c!l *-i 30. delayed flight ;;i-:. +t-,

More vocabulary

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

departure time: the time the plane takes off arrival time: the time the plane lands direct flight: a ilip with no stops

A: Bz

me. Where do t check in? At the check-in kiosk. Excuse

A: Thanks.

161


Joe Gomez

429 014 01$456?8

1. starting point 4Jlr.ll

i-tir

2. scenery 4rlill JC1jJl 3. gas station attendant dljiJl 'J.* J;Lc

r t

162

I

4. auto club card nl ,LJl Y.:1. a-!1 L,

B. get lost

5. destination

C. get a speeding ticket

\*Jl a^ A. pack 1

4-!ssl1 JA

0.5fu

/ ga;Lll

qj.Q

o-:Jt j:t+l iilB- &.J 19.-ill D. break down bJt!-dl

dIs

E. run out of gas '"'n il ; A v+J. t-

F. have a flat tire ,'q i 'LrJl 'Ltl ^ll iul el,i / plJ#l

.


Look at the pictures. What do you see? Answer the questions. 1. What are the young men's starting

point and destination? 2. What do they see on their trip? 3. What kinds of problems do they have?

@

neaA the story.

A Road Trip On July 7th Joe and Rob packed their bags for a road trip. Their starting.point was Seattle. Their destination was New York City. The young men saw beautiful scenery on their trip. But there were also problems. They got lost. Then, a gas station attendant gave them bad directions. Next, they got a speeding ticket. Joe was very upset. After that, their car broke down. Joe called a tow truck and used his auto club card. The end of their trip was difficult, too. They ran out of gas and then they had a

flat tire. After 7,000 miles of problems, Joe and Rob arrived in New York City. They were happy, but tired. Next time, they're going to take the train.

Think about it. 1. What is the best way to travel across the U.S.? by car? by plane? by train?

whv? 2. Imagine your car breaks down on the road. Who can you call? What can you do?

163 i I

*,n


1. entrance *eJ4

2. customer 3. office ":rls-

4. employer / boss 1*...1

I :tnl tul

5. receptionist JL-iii-i :-i.L j-

6. safety regulations t-)i-jl -jl

,l

Listen and point. Take turns.

Dictate to your partner. Take turns.

A: Point to the front entrance. B: Point to the receptionist. A: Point to the time clock.

A: Can you spell emoloverT B: I'm not sure. Is it e-m-p-l-o-y-e-r7 Yes, that's right.

A:


7. time clock elJJl

icL

8. supervisor

*;-^

9. employee , iq_*

10. payroll clerk

.jl . il 1.r

a-i.L

*

11- pay stub ,,,ilJ e)&l -&<

12. wages

JFi 13. deductions gL" e4i

14. paycheck +ljr !!,:i

:',i:!t+:.+

Ways to talk about wages I

earn 5250 a week.

He makes 57 an hour.

I'm

paid

51,000 a month.

Role play. Talk to an employer. A: ls everything correct on your paycheck? Bz No, it isn't.l make 5250 a week, not 5200. A: Let's talk to the payroll clerk. Where is sheT


0t,q:

1. accountant

Jr-

5. architect a+ll"* 4-:k-

6. artist

9. babysitter

10. baker

13. butcher

ijll:. / ijlj

14. carpenter

eB / -,l''+

_.rt+,

to ask about someone's job

4. appliance repair person

a;;lrl 6:cLu

a-,J_1-

7. assembler

1

i^L- / JL-i a+:

15. cashier .3r'r.^ g-i /

!.ilJ-

12. businessperson Juci ;q- / cJL*l J+:

16. childcare worker ,Jlitj a.t:- 4.:t ^ri

Pair practice. Make newconversations.

What's her job?

A: What kind of work does she do?

What does he do? What kind of work do they do?

A: They're actors.

Bz She's

et; ;t -:i

drlJli . .j+il<J.

1. business owner JLâ&#x201A;Źi

ol3ri

8. auto mechanic

$.+;t-ii

a:Lrg

.JUtl dul-

Ways

3. administrative assistant

2. actor

i-L*

c-i:t-83

an occountant. What do they do?


u{*3 t-ijuEj

17. commercial fisher

; rl-i d* :L*

18. computer software engineer lj **< .:1L*rs r,-)i-

1

9. computer technician (.=+*1 s) nl ,j.',^< --i!

$*t.l'*

25. engineer ,ull6-a

29. garment worker

itL.:

representative c)Le L)r ,,,"J-

('r:-'L-;

2'1. delivery person

20. customer service

22. dental assistant ;L;i .+'J-;:c'u*

23. dockworker .+Sly J-t"

24. electronics repair person +srt'(ll ;-x+i ail*i;1 .^..i

26. firefighter

27. florist ;-:aj j;!

28. gardener

31. hairdresser / hair stylist _)--i a!t* / f,-: ,+,)"

32. home health care aide Uj! !* LLFJ;)rL*

;l."tl

30. graphic designer 4+t

t l,,r:i e*

Ways to talk about jobs and occupations Sue's a qarment worker. She works in a factory. Tom's an engineer. He works for a large company. Ann's o dental assistant. She works with a dentist.

c+s

Role play. Talk about a friend,s new job. A: Does your friend like his new iob? B: Yes, he does. He's a araphic designer. A: Does he work in an office?

/ srL '.

I

't67


0**3 r-i:Ui3

33. homemaker

34. housekeeper

lMd

35. interpreter / translator

l\!AU! -_1J-J

37. machine operator

38. manicurist ,t.i..

ntiSl- iLte

-Ft]ai

41. model ol";i :;r1-

42. mover

45. occupational therapist

46. (house) painter

d,Uliij

*.+- g)tc.r"-t '-r1

J-L'

(JjLi").16r

-)b

/ *-g":.aO

39. medical records technician a.rt .i)L* Lg

43. musician .,i,.

..

36. lawyer

*

47. physician assistant , ,,,t roL-

40. messenger / courier -r

/

L;j*

48. police officer 4t;; 4I+t! i 4e;;

Pair practice. Make new Gonversations.

Iwas a machine operator for

A: What

5 years.

They were movers from 2003-2007.

n

44. nurse

Grammar Point: past tense of be She was a nurse for a year,

168

4+,F

jN

was your first job?

B: I was a musician. How about you? A: lwas a messenger for a small company.


c$a3 Lfulg3

49. postalworker

50. printer

ri; cjr.tl*

4r!l

53. retail clerk

J^1"

54. sanitation worker

gL_, iL-r.

A-iLl,j

.l^te

51. receptionist J1j'.il.,t

:i!Lr^

52. reporter A+iv iJ-lJ.

55. security guard ;^i i-ru

56. server

59. stock clerk

60. telemarketer

alrl-i

Here are some programs

that will help you.

57. socialworker isL":;-i

+.t

.

^l

j

58. soldier +rr+

',ili-:o,LLc

.Jjl"Jlr.

/._ilut d;* (+I

\\_

61. truck driver Aj-L,'i

diL

62. veterinarian

4+A {++

Ask your classmates. Share the answers. 1. Which of these jobs could you do now? 2. What is one job you don't want to have? 3. Which jobs do you want to have?

63. welder e]jl

a

64. writer / author 4ilJ. /

4+1S

Think about it. Discuss. 1. Which jobs need special training? 2. What kind of person makes a good interpreter? A good nurse? A good reporter? Why?

169


cil-,rt{-

tp-o

A. assemble components

B. assist medical patients

s;!l

ClUl eal. /Cr+;

E. drive

a truck

M. solve math problems

cJL+U

J.

ru r.dq

Jt*

Q. teach

d-:

H. operate.heavy machinery .:r"i

ri -.\'i 4+s slrdkj

'. 'rl'. ltrllCs

repair appliances .:13:i 6!a;

CrlJ-,Lu V.. r+.r

N. speak another language 4"dU 4il &Jrij

O. supervise people

R. type

S. use a cash register r1ri J1;t; i.I di'i*i

,*ls / i!,: GrarnmarPolntacan,con't I am a chef. I can cook.

eiLl

:,.

:

-

not a pitot.l can't fly a plane. can't speak French, but I can speak Spanish.

P. take care of children r.! i,t JL6hlU

,:+ilj- sle JJI.iI

skilts. Can

"&

,

,

you type?

l'm

B:

I

A: OK. What other skills do you have?

No, I

g-,rt j

T. wait on customers jLjJr Ls a.r$,

Role,play. Talk to a job eounsâ&#x201A;Źlor. A: Tell me about your

r

L. sew clothes L$.Liii

K. sellcars

+.i;i

g

c:+ JL-! ru!

G. make furniture

r;;u -lA

program computers ul ,iul

D. do manual labor

i-J.bJ

F. fly a plane

i:sl.ii jjr*;

l.

c. cook

Jel*J

can't, but I can use a cash register.


qds"

i &dl dill.gi Office Skills $isr 4.9 cji*ll cilJL{". A. type a letter

ilt-r

3i.Ln

B. enter data

.:i:h tji+ C. transcribe notes Jl'A-iLa e4

D. make copies 1i

"n

,

L!/ria

E. collate papers

':

r9rJJl a)J

F. staple

o"i+/iA G. fax a document

crStil! +r+t r"L"* H. scan a document

l.

A*Ui,"-iJ e*1i print a document 4+l.L,rb o-+:

l:,

eJr*

ii

schedule a meeting

1L;Y 1.te3* ll:g take dictation it;Sr" 'rri; ")1")L organize materials llJill aL!

Telephone Skills 4$J4ll i q$l.a *l-rk* M. greet the caller ,,,\ll"jl .,;s:

N. put the caller on hold Mr. Perez, l'm

transferring you.

D

J, ^,') I cll *IlLbll d 0!

O. transfer the call a-^llSlt

This is Lee Tran. Please call me back.

djFi

P. leave a message ':n tulJ

sJJ

Q. take a message ..

i-

4lLuJ Jstr

R. check messages

iL-jl

.,ll 3.1*l

171

d


I cr+EJ J[..*.4l rl^'i"itl

1. entry-level job g rli.\

3. new job

2. training

ial,

t+.-r:i

6+.l+

4. promotion

4+r

+-i

Types of JobTraining ,ris" Jl ','l$Jl gljii

: r \l\ed\ta\ lransdr$.s.n

bq\q,--f

6. internship Alr,,',t;Ji

5. vocationaltraining

d-.+rs Planning a Career c'!83

7. on-the-job training +!J:Jl

c1:1

8. online course

ci1l)l ,+

rl.!i ,-,-;s

L.:L i;y.r

_1Le^r.L;LSI

J::c;::''ur E

ift ss*

rnro.

o E

,^ &n-

i

iee

b wo*

w'th ch/d,eh By

Myset

Skills skillsr dick on Your

6

Drive

El

SpeaksPanish

6

9. resource center

11. interest inventory

r-rl_r 5_r"

erLL"b)l.l

.r;:

10. career counselor

12. skill inventory

a.!'.t ,ll J,l '1 ,^ll

ol;laJl r;q,

Ways to

'172

lype

:rr

J.g;Li;.l

talk about job training

l'm looking into an online course. l'm interested in on-the-job training. lwant to sign up for an internshio.

13. job fair

glJl sey u;Js 14. recruiter

si cHi:t-;*, itl^Ji Jc JJ"-JI Ask your Glassmates. Shhre the answers. 1. What kind of job training are you interested in? 2. Would your rather learn English in an online course or in a classroom?


;.i+AJ

ip ,r'-Jl

A. talk to friends / network j:.)L*ij)i jJ^ 4$ u$ I otii-,-i e. Ak

B. look in the classifieds ;- -'

I L --,Jr Ju)tc)l !,rst /

9

.

C. look for help wanted signs iJcl-ili .jnUjll ;$AY Ce c:3+1 Dan King 1235 Oak St. Apt. 2 Raleigh, NC 27613-7007 252-555-4958

*rcnarcw.x:r

iE1€Eti$Ftri#tfEijlE*€stli:rr

Seerience Grocery Clerk Farm Worker

Job lrsljJ77ag G@erv clerk

$rslh.,

FT

Exp. nec.

2OO4-2OOB 2OOO-2OO4

Eduedon Central Technical CC 2007 Henan Hongli School 1996-2004

il i:l

j.

D. check lnternet job sites s;,i:)l gdl;r gr11 ;j;LJl .jitttl ."r. "'-il\ To

E. go to an employment agency .

rli, 'r<";l

F. write a resume

qall

:j.ljhil;

il-,!r

_o .k)|:.,.31 Can you come in for an interview at 9:00?

Whom lt May Concern,

I am very interested in a grocery clerk job with your company. I am enclosing my resume.l look forward to setting up an interview Thank you for your consideration.

Sincerely, Dan King

G. write a cover letter

["r$:].U.r.nl<l

J. fill out an application 4+! erill :,1-L )l.l

H. send in your resume and cover letter s-e.fjll *lltiJ inlJl elr+- &Ji

l.

K. go on an interview

L. get hired 4+jli crle J€rl

4.*-:-111 4-L1,iill

ll !4:l

set up an interview

i,,-:.i alllJ llc3x r.s

'173


A*,-*tt cli.rl!^tl L.j&"tt cilJt{-All A. Prepare for the interview. ..i-L!i"ll

Jri*l

B. Dress appropriately. ..i!1.- OJl",..j*!'ll

C. Be neat. .i-rle- iF

D.

Bring your resume and .,:tltyr, a$l:il

lD.

dIJ- ,4- l-:.i

Don't be late.

.:LJl F.

;rc ;S,iii

V

Be on time.

::Jl rJl

-i,14

offyour cell phone. .JjFJi cIrqX / Aiila d$i

G. Turn

H. Greet .4-\ibl-L

t.

the interviewer.

ilili L-:.j:ll s;r

Shake hands. .

\Jlli

k:'!t.a

J. Make eye contact.

k+,* *, K.

l;;!*

JSjl

Listen carefully. .4ilr-r L{-Jl C,flql

L. Talk about your

experience.

.eX;:;p Asi

M. Ask questions.

ilii z &r

.!r

N. Thank the interviewer.

.i![iJL ri:,ilr

-iJr

.s.-il

O. Write a thank-you note. .;S,j:

iJL,

',':<1

More vocabulary

174

benefits: health insurance, vacation pay, or other things the employer can offer an employee inquire about benefits: ask about benefits

Think about it. Discuss, '' 1. How can you prepare for an interview? 2. Why is it important to make eye contact? 3. What kinds of questions should you ask?


Jfu'#

i**-3 E !

1.â&#x201A;Ź.

J,

'".:1

hi."d

'i.]

-ir

4

factory owner

9. conveyer belt

5. parts

uf

e.Ji ;.-.;., 6. assembly line

designer

. !:! L.r

3. factory worker

a*.J'1. j."ie

line supervisor 3.r"s:Jt -1=:

A. design

sir ;-!-t

lJ

8. packer ;i,* J.ls

B. manufacture *o**

,Jl* 4*;

10. order puller ul.jHl

-!a1.

7. warehouse

13. pallet

,.,.

1

)la:l:c

1. hand truck on:.! Ji,ii :+;.

12. forklift a:-,

C. assemble

r;u

14. shipping clerk j*r

. ,l! .jur -â&#x201A;Ź

t

+j,o t$^

'^

15. loading dock 1*.i *n*

.! !.&

.


Lii.*,rllg

1. gardening crew ;li, ,t\l iLt

5. landscape designer o;l;Yl g*iji;* 6. lawn mower

2. leaf blower --lr1 eitJr, .i I+u ,

!....dl

3. wheelbarrow

7. shovel

fi:lJ alr crli q

A. mow the lawn

d+!1i+ B. trim the hedges (sr_++,il)

Use

j

I I

;;;-

10. trowel 1

1. hedge clippers

-

(c:i esJl) e1,]iii i-li^ C^iJ

ilrj /

i;u

12. weed whacker / weed eater ,,,1Jt tsl /,,,,:Jl clr!

C. rake the leaves jj,r.lt e rr,.i vs .. --ltt ,il D. fertilize / feed the plants

e.xjl c3l

ou!:.ll .pQ /

.r*;

the new wordsi

A: lcan mow the lawn.

176

-uiJi

alL"

Look at page 53. Name what you can do in the yard.

)

,

oJIJS

8. rake e,iJl

4. gardening crew leader iilJl -ill. .L)t"

JEU^ll c!J-.ll

9. pruning shears

c:,rh

a1-rc

A*#!ll

B: I can weed the flower bed.

plant ;;r;J

a tree

tl.ij

water the plants 1;-;Jl

.i;

G. weed the flower beds

;9a;jl -;r.*i ;*,,,.inll eljiiJ H. install a sprinkler system "l+Jl

d,/ t^l.h !i. Jd

Ask your classrnates. Share the answers.

1. Do you know someone who does landscaping? Who? 2. Do you enjoy gardening? Why or why not? 3. Which gardening activity is the hardest to do? Why?


,llJ.ll Crops

a;++-l 4s t-;j'tt

d[.ala-6ll

2. wheat

3. soybeans L^ ^\r \i

--i L*

7. field JTL

8. farmworker

+.,*,L1" 9. tractor (JnSlJi) lJlJ+

10. orchard v* u-

11. barn

i 4i.

12. farm equipment

is;;,:lr*

4. corn

22. rancher

++.-li

18. hay

14. vegetable garden

19. fence

-.i.1

tu

B. harvest 16+

e!20. hired hand

*1 *

JcLui\1

LJs

21. cattle 4+^lL"

*.- *

n. piant

ur/.'6

15. livestock 16. vineyard

6. cotton

a-ai^-l

17. corral

13. farmer / grower c)a I Z:\:^

;il9;.-- ri!r-

5. alfalfa

!J')

i,,1

C. milk qrLJ

D. feed , iidl , ilr arnr / 177


eqll

1. construction worker

'Q

4. scaffolding

2. ladder

6. bulldozer ( r I.i r) ;

4;JLe

10. concrete

13. trowel

LL-F

alL"

.t\

12. bricks +lt / +"y

A. paint 178

!a+/A

J'1

\JJJ

i,+!li 4ir+-

J-lt , "::l i-ir

9. jackhammer / pneumatic drill -t.i;J1 elrdl. Js all / Ui LGj

y=

16. window pane ;rALe --ie..J!r i - J -L=

14. insulation

17. wood

4ljlc ll;^

,.

/ lumber

o-+

19. drywall

All;l

22. shovel d:-,,H

'i

20. shingles ,

,.i,i

18. plywood 'FG; irr

15. stucco

B. lay bricks /ill\ t.r-:- dl rr \ -

VJ

lts-

8. backhoe

*A 3t;r dilr A-ilJ

3. I beam/girder

1. tile

(.e:)

5. cherry picker

ri-

1

7. crane

alui-

J^G

::$,,,'i

23. sledgehammer 4+j_F / dld alJL

cf1-:i!

21. pickax

"'

C. install tile u

bUtrS*

D. hammer 4{

J.J! d+


6JnJl

gtsr .,.l LY,,JI

Safety Hazards and Hazardous Materials 6;Lill rledl3 Ly*,tt

1. careless worker - ii- ' !d

2. careful worker * i;- '

3. poisonous fumes

Lu;;l

LLc

LLc

rF ttl'iyt

5. frayed cord .il]j ,'\\,,

4. broken equipment ;;y**il crll*

7. radioactive materials a-.Llly

6. slippery floor tuij +;Jl

8. flammable liquids \l-i.i)U 4-LU Ll *

Safety Equipment LY-JI clt"u"

%ffi Wdg 9. hard hat 4J* i+ 10. safety glasses tu!

alJb

11. safety goggles JIJ JtL!

t

Z. safety visor 'il cLii "

13. respirator LLJI sljlJi r:LL.S

14. particle mask nr ^,.,-\l e.*

15. ear plugs ..i-,r.

JJr OJr!

16. earmuffs ;i!Yl L,3il e

erlcl

. cL$

17. work gloves Lc nl ildi

2'1. fire extinguisher

18. back support belt

22. two-way radio

re-tll eeJ

eli

j"u- ajlL JLii*r &J. LsL!

;L6+

19. knee pads 1sj glr$ 20. safety boots o"rl!r elt 179


rsll

TOOLS

HARDWA**

-

#

1. hammer a-irt^

4. handsaw ,

c ol

5. hacksaw

3. ax

6. C-clamp

3

't

n

7. pliers

!r-rj

'L-i-

2. mallet ar.,j:: i-AA

10. jigsaw

erUi-!

8. electric drill

g:Lr;1 ':r'

,f!-xS:Lii' 9. circular saw

,",.r.,'ri;-Lti

J"G

.rl9r3 c!l3.ri

<.1: 'L;i-

JL^l:i.

11. powersander

+-nI;A ijsl12. router \t.:ij

6t*

@

ffi W

26. vise u,,L I it+:"

30. screwdriver

27. blade ;Jr.j / iL:i

31. Phillips screwdriver

28. drill bit

32. machine screw

,

:,il ,!ail

29. level

9c1j

*irlt

C!.

','"t ^",rcl;a ciL l+-,

.-_r

cCqP-t

Use the new words. Look at pages 62-63. Name the tools you see.

A: 180

There's a hommer.

B: There's a pipe wrench.

38. toggle bolt 6:liJl JL"*

33. wood screw

Jli.J: / aFQ ,flj1"

34. nail

Clih

35. bolt +-,L 36. nut {df

39. hook

JL*

37. washer 4\j!

a)NS

/ tj1-Li

40. eye hook ;j1c JrLti

41. chain 4l*J-

Ask your classmates. Share the answers. 1. Are you good with tools? 2. Which tools do you have at home? 3. Where can you shop for building supplies?


rUll

.rlgca ol3.ri

FAINT

19. 2x 4 (two by four)

16. yardstick

13. wire

'ii:1Ul

,r\1,.,

+-. \ -lji^9 ,'.- !-a-;a i x

L+

17. pipe

14. extension cord

20. particle board

;;j-L / u-e1.i 18. fittings ul '14+j

r,i"l,ai,;\1,,

15. bungee cord

-tLL L.

J,

-*= t-";6J

21. spray gun

23. paint roller

J.-j ")l-t;Lij 24. wood stain 4-nl

,.,.1r11

i_-r')*

= G 47, 42. wire eiu!

stripper

\*'

'r

46. outlet cover

oj,]&

-.fqJ+S)l J!+ili

50. plunger 1.(

riL" eUi

51. paint pan )U" a.i--

43. electricaltape +!_xSi J)t*)ll dâ&#x201A;Ź) L-;-i

47. pipe wrench

44. work light

48. adjustable wrench L, :\l glli l+: gl]U

52. scraper

49. duct tape

53. masking tape :*.t;nX jFY l+_!ll

(,r::\) ")e o -; 45. tape measure

,

,"S l+-.,-

,,,Lri -1-:i. !

.!-lll qu L'ri

:iji"lâ&#x201A;Ź

I=

#@'ffiffi \E

25. paint r)Lt / ;Lrr

22. paintbrush o)U.;U;

o

il"^ls^

1F

54. drop cloth

n1j)l al"GiJ,./1;\1 ira '; irt -lE)rtJ

55. chisel Ji^il 56. sandpaper i_p."

.lj_r_s

57. plane

lt

Jl

i;G / 6L* ]

Role play. Find an item in a building supply store.

Think about it. Discuss.

A: Where can Ifind pgttjsle-begIsL?

1. Which tools are the most important to 2. Which tools can be dangerous? Why? 3. Do you borrow tools from friends? Why or why not?

on the back wall, in the lumber section. A: Great. And where are the nails?

B:

tt's

LiLoe

t !

have? Why?

181


, ,i{4

8il\

GREEII EIIERGY

CORPO

1. supply cabinet

;;Jl <r1;

5. executive

2. clerk , ;L:.

6. presentation

3. janitor

7. cubicle

",r+L-

;Jj*^L

4. conference room CrljiiF

aijo

9. desk

4:+! 4lji-

8. office manager uiL;:a

13.

LiiS.

;-*.$ I *rls

10. file clerk ulslJl ..,ll:l , ;l^r" 1

1. file cabinet

jli;.:.,.)t ;rq!:}.

15. reception area Jl,i-i .Yl

2. computer technician 1-

*L:\ n '..S I

Jr]

q

182

Ways

to greet a receptionist

I'm here for a ipbjnletytew. t have a g:00 a.m. appointment with Mr. Lee.

ru

nt<e

to leave a message for Mr. Lee.

rtla! ] I 4i-:r-k

Role play. Talk to a receptionist. A: Hetto. How can t hetp you? B: I'm here for a job interview with Mr. A: OK.What isyour name?

;Mts*u

Ait&

16. waiting area

-n

;/

! I i |

*r* r&

14. receptionist

rEIa arlJA 1

PBX

Lee.


gAA

Office Equipment ':'rcoll cil.u-o

@.n ffih ffi"G 17. computer

2O. scanner

/o *L\

4-t"

\

-

t

n JJ1

+-S

18. inkjet printer -)r-ll iilg 4-U

Su

26. electric pencil sharpener 4+l+jS exl ilJ*

ajs;L4

24. paper shredder

21. fax machine

)k+ paper 22. cutter 3rrri u-trs

o'+l-t

Office

ql \i'i.u .t e.aj

u"sG

19. laser printer -,-il

23. photocopier

JJll

27. postal scale clu,l

!9r !o all

*

Yrt,eJ]

25. calculator a-].. rJl

ppl ies,-liLll illijJr,..'-{

3 +;'

kryw@ EIâ&#x201A;Ź _

U

6)\

-''*.

?

@

*â&#x201A;Ź"'

f=g'ffi

ffi eb#

&,-

t

:.,

48

th'r**L."1

li';l-i;':'- I

ffi

28. stapler

i-Lr /;;l; 29. staples r.r u"+1+ / ejlji

,,t\..\l

30. clear tape .-ri..r:+qi*Y 31. paper clip .i,,-i

L,i

4,L

32. packing tape

J-Y 33. glue

a*

a-r'L--2-

34. rubber band 'i _tlt- /L 9 \'2 "i\ler J.

40. mailer

35. pushpin

41. mailing label .i;r;1 , ri/ aitL

47. stamp

42. letterhead / stationery L*jll i-l +-it d e$.i_,_, "r-UJi / 43. envelope , :t;.7 *;rt

48. appointment book

q5-6

.J"f'

36. correction fluid

^,i

!-

\,L

37. correction tape

eF.i

l+t

38. legal pad

LJ,;,"a-r 39. sticky notes ai-) slrsr^

s

\,i_p

46. ink pad a-i* / t+.i ;lLl

.jrji*

44. rotary card file llj: .:.GlJa ,

;1"

i^ .l+pl_s _!sl

49. organizer

.L-

;:s:

50. file folder ey3: / c,GL a-LdL-

45. ink cartridge

>- i;:t_r'

183


1. doorman +1r

4. concierge

2. revolving door

5. gift shop l;lu gl-^

;l-9.1

ulr

3. parking attendant *UUJI r-il.ii;Y 3:1-

13. guest room

,L;a.ie 14. double bed dlj^,i

4i-P

21. pool service (;slr"'\l eE'^) g+Jl 'iuri 22. pool LlJ,, eta / C+* 184

7. bellhop i:.i ,:L=

:Au /','rL

10. guest

,

8. luggage cart

1

* - l'. '--, 4*)l Ja! 4rJ9

6. bell captain i.i^Yl tL6 cjJ:is

1. desk clerk dlti , i'LJ

9. elevator

12. front desk

L[.JIJ r-Ir;i;Yl

U*iuJ

15. king-size bed +^:.:=l_9 -;-:*

17. room service

16. suite

18. hallway

sf

,,tl<

^

19. housekeeping cart

LL

J)!l , ;r,t:tij

_iJ{+ !*,)c

20. housekeeper ei;,;Jl , ;il^ti, '!++i 4j.1e

cu+

23. maintenance

24. gym (eeju.+)

25. meeting room ,rle1

fu]'lo

j!.+ -5-r

-rrl icG

26. ballroom di)-i-

AcG


pb! p.}ij LJi

A Restaurant Kitchen

fllr c,s t+LaJl

1. short-order cook 6:-rJt at"t^tt 6t

3. walk-in freezer

t

4$

2. dishwasher

4. food preparation worker e''LIt +;': $t'

; pJl "!-[c

Restaurant Dining

f!".,3

eb&Il

11. maitre d'

9. diner

12. headwaiter

pLLll all.*

4J4)

10. buffet

6. sous chef !1eLll

!u!J.:,iU

(.$ *)

Jru:

8. server i.1-;- / a.J.:t:

4S

5. storeroom *.H-Fii {-P

-ilI ;sa "-.: r'.. .

J:19J1

14. banquet room

yr.

.'"r,; / !UJ*!l

13. bus person

ri

jrlJl ;.:cL*

ej)ri

4el-i

15. runner u,+J

16. caterer

:t^Ji a,:s

More vocabulary

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

line cook short-order cook

1. Have you ever worked in a hotel? What did you do? 2. What is the hardest job in a hotel? 3. Would you prefer to stay at a hotel in the city or in the country?

wait staff: servers, headwaiters, and runners

185


1. dangerous

3. budget

5. contractor

i:ri _p"

2. clinic i.ri.::

4. floor plan #,"1,,1; {i}*:} t!;. r#:k

186

7. wiring

A. call in sick

J)L,l r As;

6. electrical hazard ,r-'.rid

i*

8. bricklayer )!,.,i -rdi

'

;**;* !j'*i u*tht*g rlSt


Look at the picture. What do you see? Answer the questions. 1. How many workers are there? How many are working? 2. Why did two workers call in sick? 3. What is dangerous at the construction site?

@

nead the story.

A Bad Day at Work HEALTH CENTER

Sam Lopez is the contractor for a new building. He makes the schedule and supervises the budget. He also solves problems. Today there are a lot

of problems. Two bricklayers called in sick this morning. Now Sam has only one bricklayer at work. One hour later, a construction worker fell. Now he has to go to the clinic. Sam always tells his workers to be careful. Construction work is dangerous. Sam's also worried because the new wiring is an electrical hazard. Right now the building owner is in Sam's office. Her new floor plan has 25 more offices. Sam has a headache. Maybe he needs to call in sick tomorrow.

Think about it. 1. What do you say when you can't come

in to work? to school?

2. lmagine you are Sam. What do you tell the building owner? Why? fr:;r

:. ,r:.. :: _i::.1:..rtr :ittt

:.6e:lr' . :.- r@

b.

187


i.fu*#

1. preschool / nursery school

2. elementary school .--r1:;;l

L.,,;rr

3. middle school / junior high school .i.,;11-5i ;,,-.-,.'o

a. high school :'.,

_rl:,

.i,.,,r.:-.

5. vocational school

/

technical school :!.jir

.--,r-_1.':.r

;l .t--,: g r*,.1;,

6. community college

:i;l

:i'f,

7. college / university "--.i,..,1

).f-i

8. adult school ,;riil ir,, r.:r,.

188

E

Listen and point.Take turns.

Dictate to your partner. Take turns.

A: Point to the preschool.

A: Write preschool.

B: Point to the high school. A: Point to the adult school.

B: ls that p-r-e-s-c-h-o-o-l? A: Yes. That's right.


9. language arts 3UJl

nF

10. math -1,t 1

:!J

1. science l-

12. history 13. world languages

14.

ell-ll

-l.il

ESL

/

ESOL

/ +1-: ds !_$i]l r.

"

l

:

I

4lj9l+rJ sr.l$ ' .i', .,.rr, Jjs)laLaJjl

.\fr

15. arts U}l

16. music ii,, *

17. physicaleducation +r+ 4+-r

More vocabulary

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

core course: a subject students have to take. Math is a core course.

A: I qo to communitv colleae. Bi What subjects are you taking? A: |m taking history and science.

elective: a subject students choose to take. Art is an elective.

ir l l

189


Lj,*lirVt iittq

:

lri:liril'riirllll:i.r:ri:r::::li.i:i;:i:l,t.iltiir

lr.riri:::]]l::l li:f

et..i:Vt

li'i!i .

2. sentence iL+

1. word

3. paragraph

4. essay

iJ,ii

JIL

Parts of an Essay cJt-iall

Punctuation

rlJ+i

rC"

5. title

6. introduction

LJ;

.,_,,

Carlos l,opez Eng. Comp.

q

j1_p

-i:tts ' ;eJtl cJldle

t0/2r/10

1

t,?

12. question mark

Success in:the U.&

7. body

lfh job, no friends. and no family here. I was homesick and scared, but I did not go home. I took English classes (always Y L-a at night) and I studied hard. I believed in my future successl :--.-

8. conclusion

.r!i!1 10. footnote

13. exclamation mark

, It,

!-s*i L)5

14. comma ...r.

More than 400,000 new immigrants come to the U.S every year.! Most of us need to find work. During my first year here, my routine was the same: get up; look for work; go to class; go to bed. I had to take jobs with long hours and

9. quotation

.il*ta

it.?t

15. quotation marks u*ljilil gl-)le 16. apostrophe

low pay. Often I had two or three jobs.

.LI

$r a:.-l:

Little by litt1e, work and success came to me. My first

.:;ll,:

job wasn't good. I worked in a small factory. Now, I help manage two factories.

17. colon

;u.tn

u

.*i.: l l

LrisJt

'te' parentheses

{i}'

l

,-iL-j

i

@ Writing Rules

o!$ it -tl

l

(9

Census \

18. semicolon

t,'::':

Cf"dil#,ST1;;;ffiT.Ulh;T;illo?'"#$.,"., rU.S.

L)tc

el{.!ii-l

I came to lnsAngeles from Mexico in 2006. I had no

9-:

1. period Ltir

20. hyphen

st3i

:':;',ryi,!ill.t:it$iig..*.1,!i+.

t*lA:P,.tJdP.

myfufure zuccess!

A. Capitalize names. .ij+S LiJJs+ oL*Yl

,,,'r<1

B. Capitalize the first letter

C. Use punctuation. .#Jillr dlil L)te d3'idl

in a sentence. il^;Jl *s cjjYl .i!t

,,,r<1

D. Indent the first sentence in a paragraph. .J

.*S' i:'r Walri to'ask for SUggeitionr

youri:compositions ' :, , R thk piifggiaph,A'K7:ls the punclggli@correct? ', , I . Di o

-fu ,j

,Jri

, , A::,\ffhat do.,you thinrk of this fi'tle? ' ' ,' , Bz l'think you need tarevise rf., ' A:, T a g giesti on i! ; D o yQ u av e' ny m ie Pair ptactice.,Make nâ&#x201A;ŹW conversations.

o.n

yp'u h ave"any su ggesti'on s'.for the'cancl usio n ?

ii.-

.;++;rni

Whgt'do you thiink of thistitle?'

'

'

,

,

h

n ks

.h

SYv$*: -,'

tl

a

o

s

u

''

t.otJi dlJil

:


Lj,*tr,:Vt

iifq

ruJ.iYt

The Writing Process Lt:sllA,Lg

@

Writing aeeignment, - Oue 1 Ol3 Write an eseay about, your firat y ear in i"lhe U.5.

my life ... hmmm... what can I say... I have one week...

E. Think about the assignment. i^*":t

a,.i rSg

F. Brainstorm ideas. .4i J!q: I ' ,lsii tl*Lil 7r.Lt g

G. Organize your ideas. ' .-.i .llJL\ll

r.. eJu

i_.."li6radl:

-..1*"";:::i* *1"i1;"111;,t i;.' f;i,;n[,.1r:i"'''t] ";r il;:'tii::::::''F:'""

"',: iF i: ri.r"..*;."'o \ "t*

1'

t'

rred'

t\*lr.rd

\o

oJ

,"-t""*"

H. Write a first draft.

.J;i ;.:r*

,,,'r<1

l.

J.

Edit. / Proofread. ,iils |v|.L

t

r,3)

/ Rewrite. .Lr3l&i/.e+lJ

Revise.

SHARING AND RESPONDING

K. Get feedback.

.;l , -i;

u;l; s/o ;J-^l

L. Write a final draft. .i'1-4: ;.: "* ,,,r<1

Ask your classmates. Share the 6hsw€ys;

1. Do you like to write essays? 2. Which part of the writing process do you like best? least?

M. Turn in your paper. .eliit_,

eL

Think about it. Dis'cuss. 1. ln which jobs are writing skills important? 2. What tools can help you edit your writing? 3. What are some good subjects for essays?

'191

,i

t


ct!.aut lntegers 4r+r.all

Pr"61i66s ;-*sll

.rl.leYt

@,'.:t, 3,5,7,9,11... @1,,,'z',4,6, B, 10 3. odd numbers

1. negative integers +rlL

i*

- . .-

rl.ui

a.tJ .p 219

| -,1l

4. even numbers L=oi,G,i

2. positive integers i5-9* +.p* rl:ti

...

z:@--__z

re@-E 5. numerator L'ttl 6. denominator eul

Math Operations i-r.;L, gttt" C. multiply

B. subtract

A. add

r

a+4*tr2 8*+*+ 7. sum

c-

A Math Problem

9. product J-lJ1

.J-Flr

apt;

10. quotient

{--!il 6j-

iJi,,-

6)-*: -x + 10 : x* 1:

(11) \__./

l Tom iolo yearo older than Kim. Nextyear he will betwice as old ae Kam, How old is Tomthieyear?

r*!1

8x+sAz A+4sZ

8. difference

tJ^+-jl

D. divide

+l;l

,Ll

:

2(x

+

1)

=

Kim's age now Tom's age now Kim's age next year Tom's age next year

x* 10l1=2 (x+ 1) x* 11 :2x+2 11 -2:2x*x

;

a

x'*-9;,1( is9,Tom,ig'l9 1

1. word problem .

4s){.\ 4lLru -,u.!l

12. variable

13. equation

;-rrL

al:L-

14. solution

J-

.rLr.

.tli.

Types of Math o!;r.rJl gljii When willthe rocket reach maximum height?

x = the sale price

x=79.00 - .40 (79.00) x = 547.40 16. algebra

',92

-*ll

area of path = 24 square ft. area of brick = 2 square ft. 24/2= 12 bricks

tan 63'= height /14feet height = 14 feet (tbn 63i) height =27.48feel

sr(t)=-gt+Vo-0 t=Vo/9

17. geometry 4-.idl

18. trigonometry gt5IJl

19. calculus

-1.^

s(t) = -t1, gt2 + Vo t + h

&lsitlr jL;t!ill


d!r!,il1 LineS LJL.i.ll

Angles

UsJl

Shapes drs,iyl

@

I

?@l @

20. line segment

25. parallel lines

L-, * J:L

UIFI+i

21. endpoint 4,,\s,

26. right angle / 90" angle .t . 4+rlj / Lrdi- Lrlj

iJ.lj

22. straight line

*it- .t: 23. curved line

29. rectangle 'J,ttu 30. square 31. diagonal

4+Jtu 4iJU

jrJS&

;rL=

34. circle i;;rb

35. radius

;lii ' i

27. obtuse angle 28. acute angle

-*; -L

WAO@ 36. circumference Ll-

32. triangle

LJlj

,',\'i .

JIJ

33. parallelogram

Geometric Solids 4#"qll dts,jyl

Measuring Area and Volume i+SIIJ LL, .^tl u.G

:."*.r..tt

i

al.-!

lxw=;'yg;'

ry 38. cube

39. pyramid

40. cone -t;_,*

43. perimeter G+Jli Ll-

.-t-i

x f=

surface area

42. sphere iJs

45. base f

:cli

44. face

\r

"

'rT)(12)/.h:volume

Ail

6

T.

e-S

41. cylinder

'

37. diameter

24. perpendicular lines ;r.LL I J.:

,sr lMt

^r

L_

tXTrXrr=VOlUme

46. pi

J;t ;r :i

'rtl

cj+.sril -r"it)

(u:s_, iJilJl Ask your classmates. Share the answers. 1. Are you good at math? 2. Which types of math are easy for you? 3. Which types of math are difficult for you?

Think about it. Discuss. 1. What's the best way to learn mathematics? 2. How can you find the area of your classroom? 3. Which jobs use math? Which don,t?

l"l*

+!

193


fittll Biology (!+J.*) rtpYl $

l. organisms 4+-

glll5

2. biologist (!+:t,r* Ctc)

@

;L^j

3. slide

5. cellwall

{--}"

aiJl ;l 'r

4. cell a.ii

6. cell membrane i.",lill eL,ii

Liahr

7. nucleus

9. cytoplasm I J,A

Dr'l

8. chromosome (e-p-r,r-S)

":+=

roxyg*n

hnergy

,

and $uga

F"# #

,${ Carbon dioxide '-=wn*

10. photosynthesis

1

1. habitat

ti*

sr3; d,rlij

A Microscope (+-f*s-f+) -x+" 20. base

14. eyepiece

re+ra:lF

ii:sLli

15. revolving nosepiece {JlrJl j6i4l a-:iji

21. stage clips

16. objective

22. fine adjustment knob . -, 1,. 4+l.t,'ill

(,X+^il 4-re) 1

7. stage x+ll d sJ

18. diaphragm

ql*ll

,

I l

194

Jl^

,31i.". "

+$

(#r

!t",L

23. arm cl !r ':

24. coarse adjustment knob .

19. light source (lJ-

liJjl

r

'iii

,

L:,i ;rL

12. vertebrates

o!:s

13. invertebrates .iUUA)


eiltll Chemistry r!.;sJt

Physics

(*t-r";pilt)

L*rLll Ca

r@r \ t lâ&#x201A;Ź-l

,EbJ

31. proton

25. chemist ('!+S Jt")*:\.$

28. atom

26. periodic table

29. nucleus

-":D)J

34. formula

i;r- / alrl--

.t,il-l,r

32. neutron

c l":Jl YJT '":.]1

35. prism q5+l+j :J'lii" I

..,rf>f+

27. molecule

Eo.

elctron '. ^

33. physicist

36. magnet

(+$ +.tt-; +t ;.1

.;<11

::-:^

'+l.!i-

A Science Lab pehll r',:i.

37. Bunsen burner oJii !+L/iJJt 38. graduated cylinder 6l:^ +}ri 39. beaker

40. funnel

43. fo.rceps

*i

r)US

I

41. balance / scale

q:$r .tsL

42. test tube

.J+-:'6 An Experiment

44. crucible tongs

,11-)F

JLlsl

uj$l

_i

45. dropper iJt.t!

tJ*

Salt and sugar crystals will grow

the same way.

A. State a hypothesis. .i_,;>Crln/L.,il

Do an experiment.

.!>. "l-p!

tg$

C. Observe. .+l-F

D. Record the results. ,\vi 'f-iljill

E. Draw a conclusion.

.L>o dl

r.J,.,

195

I


(+.*,Lrlt;

;.*rsjt

Desktop Computer srisJl JiJ#.sll

g 1*a&Itrrebirtr&trew

l. surge protector -.,y1;:il1

:l:L,l;l

hard drive

* jk+

,,,1.^11

2. power cord

(a.rl r.rs3

JJ\i CPU

-x4+llJl i\r

(t-l."*.-r-r-r-.,5*)

/

6tu-

5. motherboard

p)l6iil Keyboarding eil.i.ll

A. type ,erb

196

I

1

rii") rtlr .J-JJI $iill rii.

4. microprocessor / ,+jS!l

gb-,x"

7. USB port

*g-11 'sll .

3. tower o-i$Jll asllsll

10. software

ep:,rll el:o^

*

d€lJAi

cjJ*

a.,41 JY

iJJ fI

-S,c: Y

E

9

€Gel* J

/\VJ*.L\I i J ,G 16. laptop J* Ji.+S 17. printer

aJl

13. cable

9. DVD and CD-ROM drive 9

4,iLi;

12. webcam 4ilJ+.S _*:p1-rr.15

8. flash drive

Jj,^-

1. monitor /screen

15. mouse

J

\.<

14. keyboard g$1r.

a-!

Ld sle /+l*sll

B. select

C. delete

D. go to the next line

,rti+

ta*'t3jr

slljll J.Jl Jl ,!l+


(a+"lt'tt

Navigating

a

d]urull 4t*1)

Webpage cij*Yl

d$JljYl

,F g:" e1,,a]

SIGN IN user name

camsuyl47

@

password

1. menu bar

URL

ilrrl l+Jr

/

5 uil ^i* J

2. back button 4-!.L-lr

L,jJt Jl :.+_i'

_,;

3. forward button 4l$l a-iJl JJ e:!:il tt

7. tab

/ website address

*lul J' ^'\l ey ** v'

l2

& 'l

5. search box

,',-rll

10. links

+J+ 8. drop-down menu 4ll,,e e.dt!

.iiLt/jr$-

9. pop-up

6. search engine

aiiiu

,'',-l d,>"

Logging on and Sending Email +g+rt! +*

cJL*rlg

fsno

ad

Username: sanchezl2S@mail.com Password:

9

video player

glruu

!J

14. cursor )AJA

15. scroll bar

-rlJl!-l-

To:

ouillermo.looez@mail.com

m

guillermo.lopez@ mail.com

Cc:

i#"iri#.l

h**

Cc:

Subjecl:

Subject:

*****

Hi from Claudia

Hi from Claudia

Dear Guillermo, Here's the picture you asked for. And here are the movee times for tonight. Call me.

-Claudia

A. type your password

C. address the email

i-1lt Jrll a-K.Jili6$l

4Jll

J-J

X

*.re;lSl)t

!;Jt gljjc

LJiri

E. type the message ilLjJl (jFj diri l&&1

D. type the subject

B. click"sign in" "sign in" "".!r+;"

L,lJ

dr+rill

Er'ffifffi'ffi1 ,,\i

l.

d:1

i:^

LLe.:

rjlru* Sm*'

i.,

1

13. text box /

,i+ Jij;" 12. pointer

flffi##ffi&ffi

PI*ase sign in...

!)L-J

:j -'E

ilL;Ji 1r*_r^

l

cJiri /C+Ll

,W Here's the picture you aske movee times lor tonight.

llattactr H mo u&s

To,

iif'ffiSffisr:

guillermo.lopez

Ccr

i"Y?sSt:'

.qESiUqBll:

Subject:

Hi from Claudia

Dear Guillermo, Here's the picture you asked movie times for tonight. Call me.

F. check your spelling .:LLu '

sl L.

r'

G. attach a picture ..

or}â&#x201A;Ź

-i

i

!9Ur

H. attach a file

e #:i

l.

send the email

!l:)llll

+-lJl

&ti 197


{*yYl

;.rsiill olyjilt

6;-,)u

Colonial Period Judj.*yl iJii

1.

thirteen colonies oJtu

oJs

2. colonists U-r';pii*Jl 3. Native Americans rr

198

7. founders

4. slave

UJ*jJl

aiu

*!-Yt ct,i$-r")l

5. Declaration of lndependence qDGi-Yt

cttej

6. First Continental Congress .J-e) I 6-.,1tlill

.r-p.Fl

",2. Constitution

10. minuteman Yt

"t 8. Revolutionary War .i-F / a;Jr.ll +!l D6i-Y1 9. redcoat

:U- u c:i-

9

-ls,< YJJ '1'o,c:!' Y

,,,lsll .:l-:'i-l

.

tr:l, ii;5j ,151, 11. first president .t"+-,

.J_rj

:AJl 13. Bill of Rights

,j3iJl

,jU".^


Clrll &Ju Civil ization5

crl_,;l,.bsJl

!

1. ancient

3. emperor

i^li

t;lt_p"J

2. modern i-i.:-

HistoricalTerms

4. monarch .\r

ar*s.,ru

8. exploration lil

crr'lL

Queen Elizabeth

I

5. president u+J 6. dictator til.:s':

12. immigration ';_Fa

+_F

9. explorer

11. army

,;.i,<i!y

c.'"+,r

r

10. war

.!:<'i,.,1

prime minister

olljr

13. immigrant

t+k-

.-iJ+

C6sar ChSvez i

14. composer

16. political movement

,ii,l^ / os:-;* -:.ii-

15. composition a++-:^ a-i1_r. / -+-r.

4,F!- iS_F

rdi:

17. activist L-t- l-;iu

18. inventor

ZJ* 19. invention ZIJLI

199


L,-h*Jr!lJ

4Jtdll *yi

U

iz 24 6*

Fv

FE5* (6

q o

o

o F

p

o

o

o

::U stn

I6

tr

i

a

to9

E

r

(IJ

=->

8S5

,.1

&

a2

H(,)

;>' 5H

o 5q) rJv) o

I< g lrl *Q

4o

w ". bo

gd !v uU)

200

b4

+fi

s

tqtt

s"

u s

;3 r-

2z n{

H rrl {n o--


s.h*JllJ

^tf >

4+11-

i,ll

Syi

*o !$:elo.o ': Lo \\ P-o 3-s ^ Fo-

OC J<

H9 o;d#E+E v-c=o-!-'=

o a

X

P<9r

:=

s

=# €

+

jj

o"r

J

F

o !.T

E,= ;'q, o_

E J

#d' S P P S

z.

O z.

o o

fl< " cD(J 8E

UJ g

J

I

€isi€icl='+s,i Er#1E1fit,j ;;

gf #i,#f ix,,#,i # =r#un p

Q

3 o c

=

a

r,'B ou lE P rrl Tt +a

; oa'u A';.

CJ

E e=- .; =;j

E c

!1,.= ;l I

o,1

F J-

-r

e

or-e

p?,

= S

('E1 q

.

., -c:

.y_i

14

Eis4-f ElE €a€4 E_E-; [e, #15,lgn5d=Ei oj a'i '"EjEltr;ls; E? Ef ;i if 1.i #; # 4\ E4 # 1 # | .e; F{ cd

LU

kf

(5

eA

G .tt

E

to

E t

),

o p j

6g 8,r .gi

:1

S I

6

,i=

sJ ,: 5 51*A I7 +4;)t1Ee€*ir E,fi. F;e-u 5l !-1rri-l

F

z

F{

t!

3

-, .Eg. E'4:E1. zJ 'at co.+'trJOaO-"1 F,t' c,i ri ui + 6 &2 201

il


CL.ll

44Ji

Continents drl-.1l3ll

1. North America ;JL;JI

t<:_r-i

2. South America +:+JlEr-xi 3. Europe !-r:-ri

4. Asia ltt

'i

5. Africa

M (4

Gutf of AIaska

!+jJ 6. Australia Ulrr-i 7. Antarctica 4. ;!+lJJ '6jjill '+-ll

]}*& ' 1r{;O R'T

H

PAC IF IC

(<jr<;1-tl)

OCEAN

GUATEMALA EL SALVADPR

NICAFAGUA

**,, GALAPAGOS ISLANDS {Ecuadod

&,

*

]&AMERICAN

:.S*:,SAMOA.

Vo

Snrnsor aoo* ' ''

.

.&

i :1..1

i

.I$!.ANDS

. ....6&

..l'l

d

li. *.k : i

*

*,

i )

'orui'$

'51iil3$" socrerYoo tr tsLANos ^ -:

,ir..

rX ror'teA',' :: ...

&

$. F^o

!lv,l$

'

NORTI{

SOUTH

a

^

0s s

o

it

i3

S OUTH PACIFI C OCEAN


dl,$

ARCTIC OCEAN

i4Ji

5l

n *'-? .i- : yr&:j!:)('l " * sVALBABD (NoBwAY) \ P' 1ii"$i! 'vL \, r' :t{ FBANZJOSEF LAND * *'-& Y;:**..ri*S -p* ,*\ (RUssrA) '*tus4 \'.;l a*r

N

ORTH

PACIFIC OCEAN ir&

ttl tr\un r nEnrr BLIAB|ANA q| ISLANDS ISLANDS {rNDrA)

!

GHANA

IVIALDIVES

__

q

sRt

Pbilippine

PALAU

E

-

s- (us) s*

Sea

-BEF tA __.

WAKE ISLAND

e

uS

luD/

s

'glltY "*o .l'ec ""Mor.ro* diolsLANDS \""1e ,"",-n

. *O "* s -]xeoeArreo ETDEHATED STATE$ s '' RGDEFATED oF rvltcRoNFstA -

LANKA

8U

$* Ktntsnrt

5 solot\4oN \^'tISLANDS '&\]*

INDIAN OCEAN S

Coral *

sea

*s uoiuoru q.

s\ B i\J| i h\rc' .NEW* , CALEDONIA

OUTH

ATLANTIC

$rur

OCEAN

S

OUTHERN OCEAN

203


4F#L c,q+_, SIA

1. rain forest

jEll eiLli

6. ocean Ll-

"

10. beach -L ' :-tL;

t.

7. peninsula ;-xt+ a+-

t

3. river

8. island

12. shore

." i 5

ius

2. waterfall

4. desert pl v

9. bay

eti / t-t=

forest

Lli

.l't13. lake r-}'+

14. mountain peak Jl^

i-!

18. valley

frl-r

15. mountain range J!+ aIJ_

19. plains Jr<-

16. hills

20. meadow e)^ 21. pond is-r

J)u

17. canyon ,

ir:

c:l

v2

"

5. sand dune ,,,'i<

More vocabulary a body of water: a river, lake, or ocean stream / creek: a very small river

204

E

Askyour classmates. Shbre the answers. 1. Would)ou rather live near a river or a lake? 2. Would you rather travel through a forest or a desert? 3. How often do you go to the beach or the shore?


o"eslt

The Solar System and the Planets +lsslts ,,,"*4,ill

1. Mercury

rr-Ejll

3. Earth

5. Jupiter

-:;tJ.c

7. Uranus

c n-:;-ll

2. Venus Jr.-dF

9. new moon xll Jrl J", I J),a 10. crescent moon JJ'IA

4. Mars ir Jl

6. Saturn

\-.

11. quarter moon J

3. star i> 14. constellation

12. full moon

+ili:*

1I

8. Neptune .-ri+

1

*!i 12 -'

,"_*i_,-rj

rr;, +.r*

15. galaxy

;r+ll 16. solar eclipse ,J"..ll s_-.S

17. astronaut oL;! sl;

19. space shuttle cL;ill clrs-

21. observatory

23. telescope +uSJ

18. space station

20. satellite

22. astronomer

24. comet

"i

;d

LL*

JL/*cti-;r

More vocabulary solar eclipse: when the moon is between the earth and the sun Big Dipper: a famous part of the constellation Ursa Major Sirius: the brightest star in the night sky

s.:ls crc / .Ale

, rll^

Ask your classmateis. Share the answers. 1. How do you feel when you look at the night sky? 2. Can you name one or more constellations? 3. Do you want to travel in space?

205


All Adellais'photes

I loved Art History.

)24

2. funny photo 4Ss.-a. ;J *

206

I,

Marching Band is great!

The photographer was upset.

We look good!

get my diploma.

Dad and his digital camera

I

1. photographer

My last economics lesson

3. serious photo ;rls;J!^

4. guest speaker dJ.,'iil 1i.!;

5. podium a---

7. cap

6. ceremony

8. gown

Jui=t

e,A:.lr

A. tqke a picture C. celebrate

4+

g;siJl el.rl

1lAl,.,,iyiJr*.LiL! di:rl B. cry c5#


Look at the pictures. What do you see? Answer the questions. 1. How many people are wearing caps and gowns?

2. How many people are being funny? How many are being serious? 3. Who is standing at the podium? a. Why are the graduates throwing their caps in the air?

@

neaa the story.

A Graduation Look at these great photos on my web page!The first three are from my favorite classes, but the other pictures are from graduation day.

There are two pictures of my classmates in caps and gowns. ln the

first picture, we're laughing and the photographer is upset. ln the second photo, we're serious. I like the serious photo, but I love the funny photo! There's also a picture of our guest speaker, the mayor. She is standing at

the podium. Next, you can see me at the graduation ceremony. My dad wanted to take a picture of me with my diploma. That's my mom next to him. She cries when she's happy. After the ceremony, everyone was happy, but no one cried. We wanted to celebrate and we did!

Think about it. 1. What kinds of ceremonies are important for children? for teens? for adults?

2. lmagine you are the guest

speaker

at a graduation. What will you say to the graduates? 207


Listen and point. Take turns.

Dictate to your partner."Take turns.

A: Point to the trees.

A: Write it's a tree. B: Let me check that. I-t:s -a- t-r-e-e? A: Yes, that's right.

B: Point to a bird. Az Point to the flowers.


8. sun (,"

:l

9. sky 10. mammals .!_1..$ 1

f. insects ,j:l

}.is

12. nest u\.e

13. water 14. fish

dL-i

ways to talk about natufe Look at the sky! tsn't it beautiful? Did you see the fish / insects? tt's

/

They're so interesting.

Pair practice. Make new conversations. A: Do you know the name of that yellow flower? B; t think it's a sunflower. Az Oh, and what about thdt btue bird?


ciEl+g _,,Si

2. branch j'ai,

3. limb

4. trunk fJ+

5. root JJJ+

6. leaf &t-r

7. birch

10. needle

(.A"xtt:.-)v+ 8. magnolia

Plants

x€

drJi

pinecone j_6

,

,,i,i

13. willow qiL i€

14. palm JSt

15. dogwood Sl-P

16. elm

;tr;: 17. oak

o!$18. redwood

(o.,r- :-r*; JA)l J+,jll

c.ru$

ill

20. berries

210

l.

12. maple +,i

19. holly j'l

1

i-{-'-r

::*

4JJ.*

9. pine ;l"iJl

\-'lJ

21. cactus

:[: 22. vine LJs

23. poison sumac eL c!l^*

24. poison oak er l-A

25. poison ivy eL

+\


JJ^J

Parts of a Flowerf

6-.tO.,;ill

el:+i

ffi 1. seed 6l+

4. seedling

2. bulb

5. shoot

7. bud

i,. oJ'l'.â&#x201A;Ź .u

iL-+

C-F

/

8. petals (nq+i) ci)[.

4-+'

9. stems tJt+

6. leaves

3. roots

G:s

JJI+

@

ffi w

@

%

%

p 10. sunflower

g-.Jl 1

15. rose !lJ-l

rLc

I. tulip

13. marigold

ii!"! 14. daisy uJl ;oi

!.-J

,

\:i

25. daffodil au su Yr.v.r

21. chrysanthemum Jlr-{i

26.lily

22. jasmine a,tf*\

27. houseplant

18. gardenia !+t-P

23. violet

za. o;uquet ,rai i.i!

19. orchid

24. poinsettia air';e

16. iris

4r!j 12. hibiscus ;i+F

20. carnation

O!J! 1

7. crocus c-r1_pt j

;..1*

sl$

d\!tu

29. thorn 45J.l

211


c-&*!gpii*g

Sea An i ma IS i"1.,'"+i

*Wtn;*Jig

*fi"t\'1

ii'uii;,.r-*Ji 1.

Iin

('-,rl*,1) .1-wj

2. gills

4. shark

octopus

*rl'"ttll

'L

5. cod

j.J.*i

10. swordfish !'-"s, Fl

-!,ili

6. bass

11. ray

-* -e;lii

12. eel

{+-e 'L!;} -*u::t

;,", {;ij1

lL*l ,- 'ni

Amphibian5

*!:ji) *j)'$t ;lJt {

-u*-'lt

15. flounder --iJi"ll ;iJi

16. starfish

7. squid s.

14. jellyfish

&1ri*,p1

13. seahorse ..-Jr ,. G

.*J1 e+.

17. mussel

,"Jl

$

18. shrimp

22. snail

,:.+,$1 1."rk-li

r,iii

{+-'*!t}

worm

19. scallop

';*1

f- i', !t }!Lr J I

Prll !+;

20. crab {-,"J1 "",U,r*i

21. sea urchin ",*+lt

,.1

24. sea anemone

;f{

;i.i*Li


t*.ue" !3-"5

Sea

!3*::L:iL+'-4-1

Mammals

I

=!

.q

=,**+:

!

rt

l.+:':'

!

a+-r*#l j,r.q1.rJl

33. sea lion

31. dolphin

29. whale

*Jl *i

:iFa

30. porpoise

. ..-,it r:.

Reptiles

i.,1....,rr,*.,i={i

.;,:ii

;r

is-'r;-i'i

34. seal

32. walrus

;Ji ;-;i

35. sea otter

,ju

-!-i1

*{,s13,'i} El'arl;i ,.:

;

38. rattlesnake

36. alligator

J,l _F-tr'i ":-;i:

cr.".:

j ,ilJlroll

39. garter snake

37. crocodile {i-{..,}"i -'.*i}

i

jj},is

)t*

)*:1

4O.lizard

42. tortoise

;+*

41. cobra {1-"4i

i;-L*t-] .:j

i;i

43. turtle 3l*-!.r

213


cililSirll3

beak

i3lJyiAllJ JJCdI

/ bill

1G*

feather i4_,

KW

li t,

5. owl

8. woodpecker

6. blue jay +!:_i1 / Lerj)l

9. eagle

ytj;*

J+6j1

7. sparrow q)J3 I

17. wasp \di

18. beetle cL-s!:'

214

10. hummingbird

)"i'^

lnsects and Arachnids

1. penguin

.!rh 12. duck

j+ 13. goose

(i:l) ;;,t

.JUUl d,rbi

14. peacock a.r",r-fl!

15. pigeon

LL* 16. robin oUJl ei

JirSlllJ sl J,i.,ll

21. moth aic

22. mosquito

25. honeybee J,c aLj 26. ladybug

(4-J"tj) L:jtr+

19. butterfly ul-F

23. cricket

20. caterpillar

24. grasshopper

Lti,r

1

,.,.,:rtl J!!l

e9

JiIl Jl r"..r$>

29. spider

s +jc 30. scorpion .::9

27.

n;k iirlli

28. fly dLl


crtl,lsll,, i+tYt aUlj+rll

Farm Animals t:l>.ll clul.llr

1. cow iJE

2. pig

,xi^ PetS

J1--

)9v

4. horse

6. sheep

r,.e

8. hen i-l^.:

13. rabbit

iJA) ilJa

15. parakeet

/

cr:i

.-rls

12. puppy

10. kitten !i-

,r\i:

-i-r-R

11. dog /

7. rooster

I D)e

d3UlJ.'isll

9. cat

(6

5. goat

;l.s

$j:"ll

il{

3. donkey

\J"

14. guinea pig c:io

J,F

, Y

';'

..1 ;J ,r - .li-'\

16. goldfish

u 'ui'

-+l'4"

J.J

'

Rodents crtljJl

'17. rat lJ+ 'I

8. mouse

19. gopher (*S."->"i

21. squirrel u. $-l-

-1't ) >:'

20. chipmunk

(!!:- !r- A_xi +tr;) i['l

More vocabulary domesticated: animals that work for and 1 or live with people wild: animals that live away from people

^

22. prairie dog ,c,1J.Jl . '\< YJ

Ask your classmates. shafb the answers. 1. Have you worked with farm animals? Which ones? 2. Are you afraid of rodents? Which ones? 3. Do you have a pet? What kind?

215


dlhrl:ll

1. moose

5. wolf

!J^

'

2. mountain lion (-PFt)cJls\l:-l

6. buffalo / bison

3. coyote /l"*l *:I!-d \9"/ I

7. bat -l.ljlr / uilri 8. armadillo

4. opossum

.-r-r-* / c-,"r.B

e-i-ei

L,rrJt

16. antlers ,lcJl

Jl:'

18. whiskers

c+-

,"'i

17. hooves 2'16

:'ij

19.

coat/fur

-...;

9. beaver

13. raccoon

-,i-

t-r-rSl-'

10. porcupine ,

14. deer

=- / -,,.i

JIP

11. bear

15. fox

ul

..l'j

12. skunk

,rq$

20. paw ,',jlr.

v

,.: ".]1 Y

2',,. horn rJ-F

22. tail 11 vJc

^'-\l

'

;<

,-L.

/.+i

23. quill \i1i\1

cllilj


dit!lll

24. anteater

34. leopard r"i

\'r:'

J-ijl Jsl

30. hyena

25. llama

.f

35. antelope

I

ci-

b)

26. monkey

:j 27. chimpanzee

31. baboon *+>l .tl.t* 32. giraffe t1_.,j

Jls 28. rhinoceros (i+*,>) Os;S

/

33. zebra s-i-J Jta

48. tusk

47. trunk

Llj

29. gorilla

e_rt_r-

gI

:0.

iion c+ / r-i

37. tiger J,J

38. camel J^+

49. mane ic

39. orangutan gl-iJl ;Lr1

40. panther

44. kangaroo Jijs

45. koala

A-rl,p 41. panda !,ii

46. platypus ,-t"

ltt\

42. elephant

J* 43. hippopotamus

xll

u-F

50. pouch

51. hump L:= 217


ii+Lll rJlCl tri-J A^i$ll Energy Sources iiLh'll '1.rta.

1. solar energy aJ^*-,j.jt

a-iujl

2. wind power i'sJJl a-iull

4. coal

,r+$l jtill

r*

6. oil /petroleum ,l. n,il / Lir\l

5. hydroelectric power 4ri"

3. natural gas

t"J4S all.t

7. geothermalenergy a;;Ji eiJlJ- a-iu

.-

.furu-

., â&#x201A;Ź'

g*le

O:x

9. biomass / bioenergy i,:11-Yl iltljt / u" ljs)t "i-Ijsll

8. nuclear energy 4-i-iu t[

Pollution

1

14. water pollution "1,

12. hazardous waste 6

ti

13. acid rain

,-r*-

d,l+til

15. radiation

zuJ

Agk yoUr: ttasimates;q Share,1th'e, a,ns!r,9rs. 1, What,ty.pes of rh:ings do you, recycte? 2. What types of energy sources are in your area?

218

rk--jl

,r,jrntl

1. air pollution / smog ,rjlir uli.: / (J+l!) ,l-.dl nJX

11,",_s

10. fusion a-iu

tr\:ry

3. What types of pollution do you worry about?

16. pesticide poisoning .ll

r.'::,Jl .:,l

r:to.'* -n.j

-,p.

17. oil spill .--tn ulS*,nl

Think about it. DiscusS 1. How can you save energy in the summer? winter? 2. What are some other ways that people can conserve energy or prevent pollution?


!e;l!ll rJlJrll !:i-J

4^6l}ll

Ways to Conserve Energy and Resoulsg5

A. reduce trash

B. reuse shopping bags

LLiJi 4r.rrJl

J_,Jl

'LJl

l.

"J

.r!si

durjsl

iltrl

G.

a+;";Jt otr;t-tl a1,o1

JpJ.ll

cF +.F

cI lslt Ltt

L. don't litter Lkll Ost4Yl i Ll4ill sd! ee

D. buy recycled products

1a-;i;i .:L- ;iLi:^

6rLe!

M. compost food scraps i1-Lll LIL,,lJr

pl.),^i'

H. use energy-efficient bulbs

{lttli i--b!:4:iLJ4S elLJ dtll&*l

JlriYi eliLl

(JtL,*)ill) i;r sll ,ii- !+;r

.-,J!

.bli:ll dil*J

turn off lights

J. adjust the thermostat

carpool 6.slj 61!* +JFt

inLLll sle

C. recycle ccsll oi risill

F. fix leaky faucets

save water el)i.dLl

!'*iLll lllClJ

K. wash clothes in cold water .:;L cL *.i erDLJl

&n

N. plant a tree o.,i* tJJ

219


NATIONAL PARK

ffi

1. landmarks

Ct* 2. park ranger ";iiJt ,i 4-ii.r.ll JJ*L 220

3. wildlife Llll

4. ferry ;_r!,

elj-)l

5. coral /4-nL= j J \

6. cave )e

7. caverns Jl , ,-'.\1\ ',L Jl tv

2

GrtS

A. take

4.!*

tour fug* 1rA

a


Look at the pictures. What do you see? Answer the questions. 1. How many U.S.landmarks are in the pictures? 2. What kinds of wildlife do you see? 3. What can you do at Carlsbad Caverns?

ffi neaa the story. U.S.

National Parks

More than 200 million people visit U.S. National Parks every year. These parks protect the wildlife and landmarks of the United States. Each park is different, and each one is beautiful. At Yosemite, in California, you can take a nature walk with a park ranger. You'll see waterfalls, redwoods, and deer there.

ln south Florida, you can take a ferry to Dry Tortugas. lt's great to snorkel around the park's coral islands. There are 1 13 caves at Carlsbad Caverns in New Mexico. The deepest cave is 830 feet below the desert!You can take a tour ofthese beautiful caverns. There are 391 national parks to see. Go online for information about a park

near you.

Think about it. 1. Why are

national parks important?

2. lmagine you are a park ranger at a national park. Give your classmates a tour of the landmarks and wildlife.

221


1. zoo .!ljl tJl iirrs

2. movies t"iill 3. botanical garden cr[lrli an:=

4. bowling alley rrsli dd)

(.+:^:t

edll .:>*

5. rock concert J-eJ

-r,1

dJJJI c4+-J* ali-

6. swap meet / flea market erlr) }=li ,l i;rU":t

3r-

7. aquarium a-LJl plr-Yl

,,:t*

Listen and point. Take turns.

Dictate to your partner. Take turns.

A: Point to the zoo.

Az Write these words: zoo, movies, aquarium. B: Zoo, movies, and what?

B: Point to the flea market. A: Point to the rock concert.

A: Aquarium.


8. play 4+:,).-

9. art museum ;r+ell ers:.

10. amusement park

crs\ 4+11. opera 1;oyYl

12. nightclub

/ -iJ -lJ s!,.L '9'Y

9_

a:L

13. county fair crql uF-x14. classical concert i.S-)lS ,rsJ-j- ilL

.,.*;;;*--';,:*"i.--i-"*i

Ways

i--S.i-,,,,-

to make plans uslng Let's go

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

Let's go to the amusement park tomorrow.

Az Let's go to the zoo this afternoon.

Let's go to the opera on Saturday. Let's go to the movies tonight.

A: That sounds Iike a good plan.

B: OK. And let's go to the movies toniqht.


dGhYi qsJ*;;

1. ball field

9. water fountain

5. fountain

ujdl

4itu--q

Z. .V.fir, i*ir;

"-:S1l

3. bike path .l

'-,,1

+.

\r-.

;rri,.op" =-

rl j:'

A. pullthe wagon +,

ejl

,=+x"*

,-,.1 .--, -

-ti

7. skateboard ,:i)'.*

Jl !;j:*

8. picnic table ?'l

j:

4.i

:+,

B. push the swing i.",.*_:Jl

.q-.4*

-.. i.

ir;-" '!*i" 1

13. slide

tsu

10. bench

6. tennis court /

"'s rj

14. climbing apparatus j/

;Sr

jj*i

1. swings

$;;3e:;*

g*-1_r.

16. seesaw j

C. climb the bars ,'r.-:-:i] 1t3i.S

jL-3;

15. sandbox

12. tricycle .-r],s"jl i:j)rj :*

.

_;

+- 9=.;i

D. picnic / have a picnic

t"a;! {es:} psil l

*-Jl


i"Ll.jllt

;fi;i:#iti !,: ;: :i: illtlii!:.:n

â&#x201A;Ź ***"&,

7. fins

1. ocean / water "LJl /

l+Jl

2. kite g=-il|:,1-!:-ilI r.r

it$

3. sailboat r1 .i,i,"i

+. wet suit uPJc 4l+

5. scuba tank gFjiJl uJ+,J1 ;1;

6. diving mask "lJl

1

3. shade

19. lifeguard

itii)l

*illt j

pUi

8. pail / bucket ,l:*/ J:

14. beach umbrella

9. cooler

15. surfer

\.tli JJri ^

10. sunscreen / sunblock r*".ilJ i..ii ..r glr d-r 1 1. blanket

+o+ 12. sand castle L Jr * i-16

ilLix;,l.L

16. surfboard ;r--SiJr :r.*Y'

,iFj --=;l

;l:i

21. lifeguard station rl]i.Vt Cq-*. 22. beach chair _tl ,i\\ s

-

23. sand

17. wave

&r

4+J^

18. pier s=Jl

/ rij^

20. lifesaving device rLril

iJ",Sj-Jl 613 Yl ,,,<l;

Cl+-

24. seashell -J-lr

ri L"

, ;.i ^)

a1;s1 a-i-:-

More vocabulary

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

seaweed: a plant that grows in the ocean tide: the level of the ocean. The tide goes in and out every 12 hours.

1. Do you like to go to the beach? 2. Are there famous beaches in your native country? 3. Do you prefer to be on the sand or in the water?

225


L*#t j

4. fishing cll*)l ,i.^

1. boating

.lj:l:-il

.,,_6_r

il$)l cJe I r- o njll 8. mountain biking Jl+Jl -lt gj1rl;il ,,,jS;

5. camping

3. canoeing

6. backpacking tel.ll *lt i.j^Yl

_i,1S1

1

1+r

JU

{+l.i iJ^ 17. fishing net

e:.! .*5 13. foam pad

18. fishing pole

14. life vest

ii;Jl a19.:*

-

i+i-

16. camping stove

12. sleeping bag

zituYl 'F i"':l i

9. horseback riding Jt

5. backpack _El.ll *Jc LJ.-l

1. campfire

iiJl

"!si

.r;S,r

10. tent 1

7. hiking

2. rafting &jl urSJ i-:llJ (J \t. ^\1)

g1_i ,r.^.ig ,rl^,, ,i, ^ !Jlj*

19. rope J+r

pL.r1*Yl rll*,-l

,LJl -S'

20. multi-use knife 6)l-,i-Yl .r.:;ir,'+S21. matches ,",1;$ / +l]n:l-eci

22. Iantern o"9L!

23. insect repellent Ul

!].N

oljl-Li

24. canteen (et" L;,{)

;:1;

D-]La


a+t-.r

lJli agq, .;tr.ti

2. snowboarding J nil f-Ill e -lc gJ

3. cross-country skiing :\1I -s g? isi J $1 .

ice skating ,,r-\te -lc gJJ ijll

5. figure skating

6. sledding

waterskiing "LJl sje Aij$l

8. sailing

downhillskiing ,\-i" -ic gJ J iijl

c:lSJAll s^

e^

Aljll

1

ejj,:ll

More vocabulary speed skating: racing while ice skating windsurfing: sailboarding

1. snorkeling ;*i'il1 sii

++ljJl +;S-,

9. surfing 6 !"Sill 6l;*)l

orl_p :rs_n ,rL+!t

10. windsurfing elj.ri Jl -'i,.,1 c^ "ll1 p

+I-I* e\ill

.;-5S;

12. scuba diving

JLâ&#x201A;Źr"'l C. aslt

,,ll

,,.;i:ll

'n *, -Jl

,.,1 rlvr

Ask your classmates. Shate the answers. 1. Which of these sports do you like?

2. Which of these sports would you like to learn? 3. Which of these sports is the most fun to watch?

227


4+rJF

{labJ lrhli

M # 1. archery

,1*ll

LL^

)

2. billiards / pool :r,r\!

6. badminton ', di-rl, ; s a-"; A.J\ . I sr

1

1. martial arts

fencing

' it

'\lr

;i,rl*

12. racquetball

rrrJl

cJ*Klr

Jii:)l crJ

8. golf ril9.

4. boxing

9. gymnastics

5. cycling / biking \l;lil u;S;

10. inline skating L- Yc:J*Jill gJ

Ulr"r\l i-;\:Jl

13. skateboarding .U+,+ Cj *l' dll

c;"Jl

14. table tennis .ilrUll ;JS

17. wrestling

aeJL*

ffi ffi

/, \v

19. horse racing

18. track and field irl

\,,

Jl

r )l-^:.Jl

j1,,.

,

gJ

e.:

15. tennis

@

@

16. weightlifting

3. bowling (:,! t-ll ;;SJl nd) c$r

re

Jdl6!-

Pair practice. Make new conversations.

Think about it. Discussi

A: What sports do you tike? B: I tike bowting. What do you like? A: I like qvmnastics.

1. Why do people like to watch sports? 2. Which sports can be dangerous? 3. Why do people do dangerous sports?

",i\) -.J ":ll ;

S


-1.1

.-

i+'

1. score ;)1,,r,!j1 .r*:-:l

2. coach

3. team ,.:t -.ti

4. fan

.1,

,

7. basketball court ;.i*.ll !t-ri '-';

5. player +.:r'

.a

::

)i

6. official / referee ;:=1i.,..

8. basketball

9. baseball

10. softball ;

r 1,,.i=:lli-l

1 'r.1-1.1.,!

1ql r.Ir:ltlt.-:

1. football i

I

ri: *rl I a-a,

,.""1

'

"..:-lii

# 12. soccer -l!1

1! :

More Vocabulary win: to have the best score lose: the opposite of win tie: to have the same score

13. ice hockey : ir i , .i-.]':,] ']r::..j]

14. volleyball :

-i,.1-=..ii

,

"ili

15. water polo ".i..ll

i

.)!

captain: the team leader umpire: the name of the referee in baseball Little League: a baseball and softball program for children

229


,"aU-lt+

lilri"

dLrei

A. pitch Ll*

B. hit

+r4 C. throw

sltl D. catch

..4 E. kick

,I-l F. tackle iG.) loilL,4 ... G. pass Jll

H. shoot

dril) ir-lt .d i:sllc+j jump (iJsll

l.

jiir

J. dribble iJSll LLri

K. dive o,,b_l

L. swim ei*J M. stretch

rJ{il N. exercise / work out !;9, ot1,a oiJui / Olcii O. bend

gsl P. serve

tJ*: rki.r

;JFll

Q. swing ',,J.-i / Ai-S

R. start Lil.h.lJ

S. race ,ill

...

T. finish qrdlt.hit d-r U. skate c-.r V. ski eLlJ iJJg elJ

Use the new words. Look on page 229. Name the actions you see. A'.

He's throwing.

B:

She's

iumping.

Ways to talk about your sports skills can throw, but I can't catch. swim wel!, but t don't dive well. |m good ot skating, but t'm terrible I

I

at skiing.


4;h:

alrra

i:

'1.

golf club

:tiiiffi

2. tennis racket 4J u;,;o

15. catcher's mask

8. arrow

qilj+ aJ*;" / iJlja

;flt

r&-

f.

ice skates r,\- qJ il; "

3. volleyball ;iLLll ;rs

10. inline skates

4. basketball

11. hockey stick

dLJl ;JS

..,lllr3 L:.,

5. bowling ball i.lJl i s L--.

12. soccer ball

6. bow

13. shin guards

u*-*

7. target

iu

e.i;j J'lil 4*i.iGJj 14. baseball bat \u

-

'i*

Use the new words. Look at pages228-229. Name the sports equipment you see.

e, inorl, tl""tb"ll-.

22. weights

Jiii

3Ls

16. uniform f=* )

qr:

23. snowboard

eill *lr

t

17. glove

ol;

*J* t*

*sY

eJJ.ll

24. skis

il;d

,.+)J

18. baseball ,1",,,,,;s

25. ski poles

19. football helmet ("*-S"2.i r:s;;S) Jr+'r

20. shoulder pads .

;(

.,irU

21. football \",: dll

.-!

;s

AlXl

iiri

*l'eJjiil l ,.

26. ski boots e$l

-lr

d>,lt "tU 27. flying disc" .^ .i /-.,lL qJ

* Note: one brand is Frisbee', of Wham-O, lnc.

Ask your classmates: Share the answers.

l.

!

Do you own any sports equipment? What kind?

2. What do you want to buy at this store? 3. Where is the best place to buy sports equipment?

231


+ltli3

cil+lJa

A. collect things ;l+.'ii 3"+

1. figurine uis,

llji^i

2. baseball cards J-i+,+l crlsU+

3. video game console

+!l)

rQ^ 4. video game control 9rl;ll +l,li .-s ^<-:;tLi 9r,r;\l

D. do crafts

\jq

5. board game 4F-il

6. dice

g1

7. checkers

i,!J

8. chess

e'Jl'i

Grammar Point: How often do you ploy cards? I I

play all the time. (every day) play sometimes. (once a month)

I never play. (0 times)

13. doll making kit

i-: eiJ;-rc

10. acrylic paint

r;r.ll / A-lrtJ.ll L"lJl

9. model kit Eit;,,'l<];.:c

U

,,trt,,JSi 1

14. woodworking kit f;Lr irc

;LA"r

1. glue stick

15. quilt block

e*+

+j*:j

12. construction paper c|!l

YUui i.t tU:

4-]:iS

16. rotary cutter

dJJ

;13.:4.tl!i

Pair practice. Mdke new conversations. A: How often do you do your hobbies? B; t play games al! the time.

I

A: Reatty? I never play chess.

love chess.


+t*llt

paint !l.rlY\

G. pretend

F. knit

r-j

;Jti..all,i

17. canvas ,.,rr .!L"!

18. easel A-J,LL= ',La:

20. paintbrush

Ways to

ZZ. yarn

26. action figure

ti ri -ir* ii$

i

This board game is interesting. tt makes me think.

fun to ptay with my friends.

i*!r^.J

c

'ln:ll

30. spades .j.Jr.+l

28. paper dolls i.a ,. .'-:

t-

,

rr. ,Sh

24. embroidery

talk about hobbies and games

lt's

xr ']bl

29. diamonds lrli. ^, ,;1,-

27. modeltrains

l)^

plgggtsls.

(++l:-S) +i-e!i*

23. knitting needles iSlJ_ sX*

That video gome is boring. Nothing hoppens. I love to

H. play cards ir,ili 0l+.!

grli::

25. crocheting

.

e-J i$,p

,llf:i

21. watercolor iL^ ', J ,

'19. oil paint

-l \

dihlJa

ol;lJod

gt.

I

hearts 4+JSIl

32. clubs srq-

Y

I

Ask your classmates. Share the answers.

1. Do you collect anything? What? 2. Which games do you like to play? 3. What hobbies did you have as a child?

233


.;gJlaill t;!lj.ri3

boombox (g. o-) a-t.;.,;^ uFlJFi , F,,ii 1l.F

i.:"

$Sl!

1. CD

7. flat screen TV / flat panelTV LL*,.,i1"1 :j ._,gjil:

13. tuner

2. MP3 player

8. portableTV ,\bi ,- sl

14. speakers

(MP3)

!+-,*lr "

.,+ al

iLiL J.i-J

i.rcLi

6. 234

0. DVD player

cJ"iJ olel*-

(,f. .+ ,f.) o+^!t _i:+ cFlrrli 1. portable DVD player cjl!,Jr d 9.: JS.t jk+

ijiir

ds"1S

ij

16. plug

2. turntable rulj'bl

i

t

rfu

15. adapter (Jriiiri) ir..t<-

jl-e+

headphones personal CD player al * Li-I it^ sYev+ -J portable cassette player

(-r"i-iJ*i).$i -rk+ ; n- nloLo

9. universal remote &L,i (c,_*t) ui uc Ssj

3. dock

5.

-'1-â&#x201A;Ź-

,Ji",i-]i

jk+

o-.1!

I7.

charger g-1;

18. microphone .,

.r

Jt(+

i*+i

cl$:-rStt^


e+g-rsl! '.;;Jraill ol3ri3

ij+li

Gffi %uM@ffi ffio

W. digital camera /, \Li*:\ \-..-l-JJ-

a;

,I

*ls

memory card

ijsli

ciJts

film camera / 35 mm camera

- Yc lJsts / a++

lj$.ls

film J+

23. zoom lens (e:j) !-x' a-r'

27. battery charger Lrt t-,t1 *g

24. camcorder 9',tA9 ; ^-i aJ1 25. tripod rl "iill i$ , LL:

28. camera case lJi.lSl iJc

26. battery pack

30. screen

Lj-

32. digital photo album

JrF rli

-t-

,

J-;-:L:

-]c ; c ill

35. underexposed . ,.:Jl -;r.,4ll i-!L i;p

i.!e ;J *

34. overexposed "_e":JJ .;+_.y31

;!lj iJ *

record

C. rewind

.Ji,"i

rt-2i1ll gr.-i D. fast forward icr*,e aLVl ;1 alii

play e+ / di4

/\Yc: 9-- .1l\ [L -jlL,:,

33. out offocus i.-;lj

,,1- ell

29. LCD projector

,

-!-rU+

31. photo album

(cJU*-:) 4+.IJ

A

E.

pause

ul,t

.ii.s*

235


+;l;3 a1l;

Types of TV Programs 4ije"jAilill 6"1!l

news program c ,Lnl g*L . YJ.

4. talk show $\[L e.U]

7. nature program i...tll -vg ,c*L.

10. shopping program 6.-j

236

-i-j "

fJ.

glii

2. sitcom (situation comedy) <:gS Y.-g

*U

t

soap opera

-- *tLLt-

8. game show r:Ui.L* 3i liL*iL. e L;l

11. sports program *aL-Jg' *1I

u

3. cartoon (oS *:" a*;)

;-er;lS p)Lii

6. reality show

l-dlr;\-

C-UJ]

9. children's program JG-ti e*UJ!

12. drama Ll;.r


4:fJlJ 4il*3

Types of Movies pxvt gtjr:i

13. comedy

14. tragedy

(++'6)J>

(!:r.t:)

17. horror story

1..-t

#)

4+r-r !lr_r

Types of Music ,/+*.rtt

21. classical irS-)lS

25. pop

(t+;)

29. folk

':r

cJlsy +*;

15. western

(qrrK)

.s>*L

16. romance

(o*ur:)

ji+Il ;Lcr

,,,^ Al:,r

18. science fiction story -"lc ,ltn Ll "

19. action story /adventure story (JlJ^Li* 4-rlJJ / ;JU1 UJJ

20. mystery / suspense

22. blues / i.L\ Lisl

23. rock

24. )azz

,

&:i:i / q-C*

a+l:t

gtii

\JJ.I

.

26. hip hop (1*!1J) +ra

ii,,,,

*

(J:1 sI

djl) i*tilJ iaL- ,r-ii-r.

27. country t+A

jL>

28.

R&B

/ soul

\+r

30. gospel

31. reg9ae

4l-s

:Jl

i,"*

32. world music afJtt .r+-_f

237


cff*'J.{

A. play an instrument All clc dlj

B. sing a song

+.i

C. conduct an or

D. be in a rock band qJr-2 sl ei-r; i tr.l;

t l,sr-ri ljfo

e$J

:t$

(,n

"j-P

^ff

1l Woodwinds

i+dilleiil syl

1. flute

Strings

4. bassoon (or."r)-P"it

c,js

2. clarinet c.+t)tS

5. saxophone

(a+,X)

arx)J*djl$ /i

16. drums

15. xylophone

17. tambourine -ir / 13:

"i r

10. trombone

bass

x+i

(r--lilif) 9. guitar

(ru:+) :u+

12. tuba

(cl-i+-r;) ;rl;i*lt

..lL^S 1

1. trumpet horn (.-r":_r)

/

_,to

4+t

13. French horn / ej*

Other lnstrumenls .ej.i ,ryl

c,,YYl

14. piano _il! \vr

",<

Brass 4#Lrjll eijllsyl

_i+,ri

4p Percussion letiiYl

1, ,

crL"S

7. cello

(Lrr"-Si-) 4i"SJl

ovvt

8.

6. violin

3. oboe (:t"_r^)

L;it

JrJt\\ a!-iJl .-

(cJlt)J+

18. electric

keyboard"

.,.\xS (eL=i *!) .-,,.*S 19. accordion a_,_r:a_,:Si

20. organ ;r-,1

21. harmonica lS+_r-_F

!s*-P ci}


Jt*r. I

parade L-.;13i*1 ':'<j4

float

i--u

r::lr

Ly

11. costume

+h

: Sji YJ

7. fireworks i.f,1j ,iul]

1

!:L:[-i

.-rl+rj

15. ornament 4+J

*LJ

2. candy

16. Christmas tree

(+L+Fr)

.-sA 1

,J. / a;tt

3. feast

1

o-J-t

9. mask f*

couple

s"jj)

.\.

e+J

t-:

7. candy cane i9

14. turkey

.r)eJr :t,,' i ;

JJI La

18. string lights / >Jr '* il\ tu$c

,r

!,

10. jack-ollantern

card ;d1L,

6. heart

8. flag

confetti 4,!JjJ1 Jliil1

l

/

,.1<

*y,t-

e,4

e

r*

"Thanksgiving is on the fourth Thursday in November.

239


1. decorations

2. deck 4:-tL!'

3. present / gift a+u

al 6,/tu,

A. videotape LJ"

A d^-j.

9r,ti l;-1(i'1311

B. make a wish

,#

C. blow out

^-,iJl,.ib

D. hide ;-ri3*

E. bring

J;ll

F.

wrap iilj


Look at the picture. What do you see? Answer the questions. 1. What kinds of decorations do you see?

2. What are people doing at this birthday party? 3. What wish did the teenager make?

4. How many presents did people bring?

ffi neaa the story. A Birthday Party Today is Lou and Gani Bombata's birthday barbecue. There are decorations around the backyard, and food and drinks on the deck. There are also presents. Everyone in the Bombata family likes to bring presents.

Right now it's time for cake. Gani is blowing out the candles, and Lou is making a wish. Lou's mom wants to videotape everyone, but she can't find Lou's brother, Todd. Todd hates to sing, so he always hides for the birthday song. Lou's sister, Amaka, has to wrap some gifts. She doesn't want Lou to see. Amaka isn't worried. She knows her family loves to sing. She can put her gifts on the present table before they finish the first song.

Think about it. 1. What wish do you think Gani made?

2. What kinds of presents do you give to relatives? What kinds of presents can you give to friends or co-workers?

241


Verb Guide Verbs in English are either regular or irregular in the past tense and past participle forms.

RegularVerbs The regular verbs below are marked

1

,2,3, or 4 according to four different spelling patterns.

(See page 244for the irregular verbs which do not follow any of these patterns.)

ASKED 2.

Add -d to the end of the verb.

LIVED

3. Double the final consonant and add

--e_d t_o*_tf

e end of the

verb.

DROPPED

_|,DROP

4. Drop the final y and add -ied to the end ofthe verb.

CRIED

The Oxford Picture Dictionary List of RegularVerbs accept (1 ) add (1)

carry (4) cash (1)

address (1)

adjust (1) agree (2)

answer (l) apologize (2) appear (1)

applaud (1) apply (a) arrange (2) arrest (1 ) arrive (2) ask

(1 )

assemble (2) assist

(1 )

attach (1) bake (2) bank (1 ) bargain (i bathe (2) board (1)

chop (3) circle (2) claim (1) clean (1) clear (1) click (1)

)

breathe (2) browse (2) brush (1)

bubble (2) buckle (2)

burn (1) bus (1) calculate (2) call (1) capitalize (2) carpool (1)

fold (1) follow (1)

die (2) disagree (2)

discipline (2)

grease (2)

discuss (1)

greet (1) hail (1) hammer (1) hand (1) harvest (1 ) help (1) hire (2) hug (3)

dive (2)

divide (2) dress (1)

dribble (2)

drill(1)

comb (1) comfort (1) commit (3) compliment (1) compost (1)

floss (1)

dictate (2)

climb (1)

color (1)

fix (1)

garden (1) gargle (2) graduate (2) grate (2)

close (2) collate (2)

collect (1)

boil(1) borrow (1) bow (1) brainstorm (1)

242

celebrate (2) change (2) check (1 ) chill (1) choke (2)

delete (2) deliver (1) design (1) dial (1) dice (2)

drop (3) drown (1) dry (a) dust (1) dye (2)

immigrate (2) indent (1) inquire (2)

edit (1) empty (4)

insert (1) inspect (1)

enter

install(1) introduce (2) invite (2)

(1 )

conceal (1)

erase (2)

conduct (1) convert (i ) convict (1)

evacuate (2) examine (2) exchange (2)

cook (1) copy (4) correct (1 )

exercise (2)

cough (1) count (1 )

fasten (t)

cross (1)

fastforward

cry (4)

fax (1)

dance (2) debate (2) decline (2)

fertilize (2)

iron (1)

jaywalk (1)

expire (2)

join (1) jump (1)

explain (1)

kick (1)

exterminate (2)

kiss (1) knit (3)

fiil

(1)

finish (1)

(1)

label(1) land (1) laugh (1) learn (1)

lengthen (1)


Verb Guide lift

(1 )

pitch (1)

listen (1)

plan (3)

litter (t )

plant (1)

live (2) load (1) lock (1) look (1)

play (1) polish (1)

rock (1) saut6 (1 ) save (2) scan (3)

supervise (2) swallow (1) tackle (2) talk (1) taste (2)

pour (1)

schedule (2) scrub (3)

praise (2)

seat

manufacture (2) match (1)

preheat (1) prepare (2) prescribe (2)

select (1) sentence (2) separate (2)

measure (2)

press (1)

microwave (2) milk (1) misbehave (2)

serve (2) share (2) shave (2)

trim

miss (1)

pretend (1) print (i) program (3) protect (1)

transcribe (2) transfer (3) translate (2) travel (1)

mix (1) mop (3) move (2)

purchase (2) push (1)

ship (3) shop (3) shorten (t ) sign (1) simmer (1)

try (4) turn (1) type (2) underline (2)

quilt

skate (2)

mail(1)

mow (1) multiply (4) negotiate (2) network (1) numb (1) nurse (2)

obey (1) observe (2) offer (1) open (1) operate (2) order (1) organize (2) overdose (2)

pull(1)

(1)

raise (2) rake (2)

slice (2)

smell(1)

use (2)

reieive (2) record (1) recycle (2) redecorate (2) reduce (2) register (1) relax (1)

report (1)

smile (2) smoke (2) sneeze (2)

solve (2) sort (1)

spell(1) spoon (1) staple (2) start (1 ) state (2) stay

(1 )

pause (2)

return (1)

peel (1 ) perm (1) pick (1)

reuse (2)

steam (1) stlr (3) stop (3) stow (1) stretch (1) study (4)

revise (2)

submit (3)

rinse (2)

subtract

participate (2) pass (1)

undress (1)

unload (1) unpack (1 ) unscramble (2)

park

(1 )

(3)

ski (1)

paint (1)

(1 )

thank (1 ) tie (2) touch (1)

race (2)

remain (1) remove (2) renew (1) repair (1) replace (2)

pack

(1 )

request (1) retire (2)

vacuum (1)

videotape (2) volunteer (1) vomit (1) vote (2) wait (1) walk (1) wash (1) watch (1) water (1) wave (2) weed (1)

weigh (1) wipe (2) work (1) wrap (3)

(1 )

243


I verU Guide lrregular Verbs These verbs have irregular endings in the past and/or the past participle.

The Oxford Picture Dictionary List of lrregularVerbs simple

past

past participle

simple

past

past participle

be beat become bend bleed

WAS

made

met

met

bent

bent

bled

bled

make meet pay picnic proofread

made

beat became

been beaten become

paid picnicked proofread

paid picnicked proofread

blow

blew

blown

put

put

put

break

broke

broken

read

read

read

bring buy

brought bought caught

brought bought caught

rewind rewrite

rewound rewrote

rewound rewritten

chosen come

ride run

rode

chose

ran

ridden run

say

said

said

cut

see

saw

seen

done

seek

sought

sought

sell send

sold sent

sold sent

drove ate fell fed

drawn drunk driven

set

set

set

eaten fallen fed

sew

sewn

shake

sewed shook

shoot

shot

shot

felt

felt

showed

find fly get

found flew

shown sung

got

found flown gotten

show sing sit

give

gave

given

stand

go

went hung

gone hung

steal

hang have

had

hear hide

heard hid

had heard

hit

hit

hit

hold

held

held

keep lay

kept

kept

think throw

threw

thrown

laid

laid

wake

woke

woken

leave

left lent let

left lent let

withdraw write

withdrew

withdrawn

wrote

written

catch choose come

cut do

draw drink drive eat fall feed feel

lend

let

244

came

cut did drew

dranli

-

hidden

speak

sweep swim swing take teach

sang sat

shaken

sat

spoke stood stole

spoken stood stolen

swept

swept

SWAM

SWUM

swung

swung taken

took taught thought

taught thought


lndex Key Font bold type = verbs or verb phrases (example: catch) ordinary type = all other parts of speech (example: baseball) ALL CAPS = unit titles (example: MATHEMATICS) lnitial caps = subunit titles (example: Equivalencies)

Symbols

i

= word found in exercise band at bottom of page

Numbers/Letters first number in bold type = page on which word appears second number, or letter, following number in bold type = item number on page (examples: cool lkool] l3-5 means that the word cool is item number 5 on page 1 3; across [a kros/] 153-G means that the word across is item G on page 153).

Pronunciation Guide The index includes a pronunciation guide for all the words and phrases illustrated in the book. This guide uses symbols commonly found in dictionaries for native speakers. These symbols, unlike those used in pronunciation systems such as the lnternational Phonetic Alphabet, tend to use Fnglish spelling patterns and so should help you to become more aware of the connections between written English and spoken English.

Consonants lbl

back [bdk] cheek lchek]

as in

[ch] as in

[d] as in date'[det] ldhl as in this ldhis]

lfl

face [fas]

as in

[g] as in

gas [gds]

lhl as in half thafl

[]

as in

jam fjim]

key [ke] leaf llefl lll match as in lmach] lml

lshl as in shoe [shoo] [t] as in tape [tap]

neck [n6k] ring [ring] as in [ng] park as in fpiirk] [p] as in rice [ris] ld [s] as in sand [sdnd]

lvl as in vine [vin]

[k] as in as in

lthl

[n] as in

three lth16]

as in

[w] as in wait [wat] [y] as in yams fyamz] lzl as in zoo lzoo)

lzhl as in measure [mezhar]

Vowels [a] as in bake [bak]

lil

as in

line [in]

lo-ol as in

back [bik]

[i]

as in

lip tlipl

lowl

ldl as in

ldl as in car [kdr] or box [biiks] [e] as in beat [bet] [6] as in

bed tbedl

ldl as in bear [bdr]

as in near [n[r] [6] as in cold lkdld] lol as in short [short] or claw [klo] [oo] as in cool lkool]

[i]

as in

cook [ko-ok] cow [kow]

[oy] as in boy [boy] [U] as in

cut [kit]

lril as in curb lkrirbl lel as in above [e br]v/l

All the pronunciation symbols used are alphabetical except for the schwa [a]. The schwa is the most frequent vowel sound in English. lf you use the schwa appropriately in unstressed syllables, your pronunciation will sound more natural. Vowels before [r] are shown with the symbol ] to call attention to the special quality that vowels have before [r]. (Note that the symbols tiil and [o] are also used for vowels not followed by [r], as in box or claw.\ You should listen carefully to native speakers to discover how these vowels actually sound.

[

Stress This index follows the system for marking stress used in many dictionaries for native speakers. 1. Stress is not marked if a word consisting of a single syllable occurs by itself.

two levels are distinguished: bold accent [/] is placed after each syllable with primary (or strong) stress, a light accent [/] is placed after each syllable with secondary (or weaker) stress. ln phrases and other combinations of words, stress is indicated for each word as it would be pronounced within the whole phrase.

2. Where stress is marked, a

Syllable Boundaries Syllable boundaries are indicated by a single space or by a stress

mark. .. "

Note: The pronunciations shown in this index are based on patterns of American English. There has been no attempt to represent all of the varieties of American English. Students should listen to native speakers to hear how the language actually sounds in a particular region.

245


I

llndex Abbreviations [e brC/vC a/shenz] 48 abdomen fdb/da man] 107-27 about [e bowt/] 4a-8,174-L, 191-E above [a biv/] 25-4 accelerator lik s6l/e raltar] I 59-46 accept lik sdpt/] 12-G,12-|, 12 + access number [5k/s6s/ nr]m/barl 14-16

59,94-95

Accessories [ik s6s/a rez]

agent [e/jant] 160-3, 160-5

answer [in/sar] 8-L answering machine [dn/sa ring me shCn/] l4-1 7

agree [e gre/] l2-K agreement [a grC/mant] 51-28

answer sheet [5n/sar shet/] 1O-2

aid [ed]

first aid kit lfijrst/ ed/ kit/] 1 1 7-1, 146-1 8 first aid manual [fiirst/ ad/ mdn/y5-o el] I l7-2 hearing aid lhir/ing ad/] aide [ed] 167-32

11

antibacterial ointment

AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)

account [a kownrl] 132-11,132-14 account manager la kownt/ mdn/a jad 1 32-9

air [6r]

[a kwi/rd i

1

1O-5

1

1

bdgt]159-43

airplane [6rlplan4

1

1O-1

59-39

53-G

acrylic paint [a kril/ik pant] 232-10

AIRPORT

Airport Transportation

[6r/port/]

1

1 1

3-1 4

lo/ta mat id p0s/tal-sEn/tarl apologize [a pilla jtzl112-F

60-161

Alaska time [e lds/ke

album [dl/bam] 235-31, 235-32 alfalfa ldl f AV f al 177 -5

ad [dd] 48-2, r 97-9

algebra [allja bra] 192-16

adapter [e dip/ter] 234-15 add tddl 77-N, 101-8, 192-A

allergic reaction [a liir/jik re dk/shan] I I 6*E

address [a drds/, d/dr6s] 4-5

alley [dl/s] 51 -24,

website address [w6b/sit e d165/, -dldrds] 197-4 address [a drds/] 1 35-B, 1 97-C adhesive bandage [a-d he/siv bin/d\] 117-5

adjust [ejist/] 219-J adjustable wrench [a j[s/ta bal rdnch/] I 8t -48

adjustment

[a

jistl ment] 194-23, 194-24

administrative assistant lad min/a stra/tiv e sis/tant]

1

66-3

appear [e pir/] 141-C

tim/] 19-28

applaud

[e

plod/] 148-8

apples [dp/elz] 68-1 apple juice lip/31 je-e5/l 73-32 appliance repair person

11-8

[e pll/ans ri

pdr/ pr.irlsan] 166-4

appliqu6 [dp/la ke4 99-31 apply [a pli/] 109-P

222-4

appointment [e poynt/mant] 22-4, 118-1 appointment book [a poynt/mant bo"ok4 I 83-48 apricots ldp/ra kets/] 68-1 2

Alterations [ol/te ralshanz] 100 [ol/te relshanz] 100

ALTERATIONS

April l5/prall 21-28 apron [a/pran] 92-1 1,93-30

Alteration Shop [ol/ta ralshen shijp/] lOO aluminum foil [a loo/ma nam foyll] 72-23 Alzheimer! disease [dlts/hi marz d\ zEzl , dlts-l 111 +

[e/6m/]

l8-4

aquarium [e kwdr/E am] 222-7 Arachnids la r dkl n\dzll 21 4 ARACHN I DS le rdkt nidzl I 21

ambulance [iim/bya lans] 116-1, 121-34 AMERICA [a m6r/e ka] 200-201

archery [iirlcha re] 228-1

American cheese [a m6r/a kan chez/] 71-26

area [6r/C e]

4

architect [;r/ka tdkr/] 166-5

administrator lad min/a stra/ter] 120-1 3 Administrators [ad min/a stra/terz] 5

Americans [a m6r/a kanz] 198-3

area code [6r/C a

admissions clerk fad mi/shanz klii tk/112O-14

Amphibians [dm fib/e anz] 212

boarding area [bor/ding 6r/e a] 161-9 dining area fdi/ning dr/e a] 45-7

ADULTS AND CHILDREN [a dr]lts/ en chil/ dranl 3O-31

AMPHIBIANS [dm fib/e enz] 212-213

adult school [e drilt/ sk66u,6d/nh-] 188-8 adventure story lad vdn/cher storlel23T-19

amusement park [a myo-z/mant piirk/] 223-10 ancient [en/shant] I 99-i

aerobic exercise la rolbik dk/sar slzll 122-5

anemone [a n6/ma nCl212-24 anesthesiologist [5/nas the/ze ii/la jist] f

afraid [a fradl] 43-23 after [dfltar]

-35

play area [pla/ 6rle a] 1 30-1

1

reception area [ri sdp/shan 6rle a] I 82-5 rural area [ro-or/al 6rle a] 52-4 screening area fskre/ning 6r/6 a] 160-4 testing area lt6s/ting 6rlc al 136-2 urban area [iir/ban dr/€ a] 52-1

Angles [dng/galz] 193 angry [;ng/gre] 43-29

five after one [frv/ dfltar wr]n/l l8-7 quarter after one lkwor/tar ifltar win/l 18-9

animals [dn/a malz] 59-15

Area and Volume [dr/6 a an viil/yam,

Animals [dn/a melzl 212, 21 5

arm [erm] 105-1 4, 194-15

AREA [6r/e a] 55

ten after one lt6n/ eflter win/l 18-8 twenty after one ltwdn/ta dflter win/l f 8-1 0 After an Emergency [5fltar an i miir/jan se] 147

ANIMALS

Age [aj] 32

anklets [5ngk/lat5/] 91-1

agency [a/jan se] 131-14

anniversary [dn/e vtir/sa re] 22-3

246

21

angle [dng/gal] 193-26, 193-27, 193-28

kodtl 4-10,15-29

afternoon ldfltar no-n/] 18-17 [ifltar shav/] 109-30

aftershave

[in/a melz] 215

ankle [dng/kal] r 06-23,

/

Appearance [a pirlans] 32

alligator [dl/a galtar] 213-36 alphabet [dl/fa b6t/] 7-1 3

a.m.

lalpelsdll 1 35-10

apostrophe [a piis/tre f€] 1 9O-1 6 apparatus [dp/a ril1351 224-1 4

acupuncture [5k/ya pringk/chet] 122-2 acute angle [a kyo-t/ dng/gal] f 93-28

mailing address [ma/ling e dr6s/, -itl drdsj 134-22 return address lri turn/ a dr6s/, -6ldr6s] I 34-2 1

ants lentz] 63-23

APC (automated postal center)

action story [dk/shon stor/e] 237-19 activist ldk/ta vist] 1 99-1 7 actor [dk/tar] 166-2

1

lin/ti his/ta men krCm/l 1 17-l I antiperspirant [5n/tC pi.irs/pa rent] 108-5

APARTMENTS [a pert/mentz] 50-51

[6rlport/ trdns/par ta/shan] I 52 aisle [il] 72-6 alarm clock le liirm/ kliik/l 58-24

allergies [5]/ar jez]

oynt/mantl I 1 7-1 0

Apartment [a perthent] 48 Apartment Complex [e piirt/mant kim/pl6x] 51 Apartment Entryway le piirthent 6n/trC wa/l 51

AirlineTerminal [dr/lin/ tt]r/me nall 150 Airplane [6r/plan/l I 61

action [ek/shen] action figure [ik/shan fig/yer] 233-26

bdk tir/C el

apartment [a pert/ment] 48-3,48-4 apartment building [e piirthent bil/ding] 5O-1 apartment number [a pert/mant ntim/bar] 4-6

5O-8

airport [dr/port/] I 51 -1 0 air purifier [dr/ pyo-or/e fi ar]

ldn/te

antihistamine cream

antlers [ent/lerz] 216*1 6 1

airplane crash [dr/plan/ krdsh/] 144-3 air pollution [6r/ pa lo-/shan] 218-1 1

stomachache [str]m/ek/ akl 1 10-4 toothache [to-th I ektl 11o-2 acid rain lds/ed rAn/l 218-13 across [a kr6s]

+

Air Force [dr/ for5/] f 38-1 6 airmail [er/mel/] 1 34-5

earachefir/ak/l 110-3 headache [hdd/ak4

air bag [6rl

[idz]/

da filshen s€ sin/drom] 11 1

air conditioner [6r/ ken dish/e nar]

ache [ak] backache [bdk/ak/]

myo-n/

antelope [dn/ta lop/] 21 7-35 antenna [6n t6/no] 14-9

5-1 0

accident [5k/se dent]'l 44-2 accordion [e kor/d€ an] 238-1 9

Account la kownt/l 1 32 accountant [a kown/tent] 156-1

antacid [5nt ds/ad] 1 1 3-28 anteater [6nt/C/tet] 217 -24

1

10-1 8

ankle socks [ing/kal siks/] 91-7 I

-yo-m] 193

armchair [irm/ch lrll 56-22 armadillo [drlme dil/o] 216-8 Arm, Hand, and Fingers [arm/ hdnd/ en fing/garz] 106 Army fiirlme] r38-14, 199-l I around [a rownd/] I 53-H


lndex audiologist lo de e/lajistl I

f5-9

Around Campus [a rownd/ kim/pas] 5 arrange [e ranj/] 49-Q

auditorium [o/de tor/C em] 5-18

arrest [e r6st/l 141-A

August [o/gest]

anival [a rilval] 161-7 ,161 arrive la riv/l 160-K

+

arrow [6110] 231-8 artery liirlta re] f07-36 arthritis [iir thri/tas] 1 1 I -1 6

rts] 189-9, 1a9-1 5, 22a-1

ask about [dsk/ e bowt/] 48-8, r 57-B

vacuum cleaner bag

[vdk/yo-m kle/ner b;g/] 61-12 bagels Iba/galz] 73-40 baggage lbdg/ij] baggage carousel lbdg/ij

Automatic Transmission

assault [e solt/] 142-3

autumn [o/tem]

assemble [a srim/bal] 17O-A,175-C assembler [a s6m/blar] 166-7

avalanche

lo ta mat/ik trdnz mi/shanl 159

2l-39

bake [bak] 77-H Baked Goods

lbaktl goodzl]73

[bi/ke re] 1 27-1

9

Baking Products [ba/king pred/ikts] 73 balance f bdl/ansl 132-17,

[iv/a 16nch/] 145-1

1

95-41

balcony lbdl/ka ne] 5r-20 bald lbold] 33-12

8

average height [5v/rij hit/] 32-5

ball f boll 59-1 2, 231 -5, 231 -12 ball field lbol/ fcld4 224-1

average weight [Avlrij wat/] 32-8

assemblyperson [a s6m/ble p0r/san] 139-24

avocados lirl va kiil d6z, iw I a-l 84-6

ballroom Ibol/ro-om/]

assist [a sist/] 95-D 1 70-B assistance [e sis/tans] 14-22

ax ldksl 180-3

baseball lbas/bol tl 231 -1 8, 231 -1 4 basketball lbds/kat bol/] 229-8, 231

assistant [e sis/tant]

baby [ba/be]

baboon Ibd boonll 217 -31

administrative assistant lad min/ e stre/ tiv a sis/tent] I 66-3

3l-7

footba I ffo-ot/b6l I j 229 - 1 1, 23 1 -21

baby carrier fba/be k6/rC/ar] 37-1 7

meatballs Imet/bolz/] 81 -27

fo-d/] 37-4

baby lotion lba/be 16/shan] 37-1 3

dental assistant fd6n/tal a sisltantl 1 19-2, 167 -22 physician assistant [fa zilshan a sis/tant] 168-47

baby powder Iba/bC pow/dar] 37-14

backache Ibdk/ak4 1 1o-5 back button lbdk/ brlt/nl 197-2

ATM (Automated Teller Machine)

lattetEmtl lo/ta m;t id t6/lar ma shEn/l 1 32 ATM card [a/te/6m/ kiird/] 1 32-1 5 atom ldt/am] 195-28 attach [e tdch/l 197-G,197-H

/

1

t;k/] I 1 6-D

attendant

[e

tEn/dant]

161 -12, 162-3,

At the Gate [6t/ dha

git/]

1

184-3

58

backpack Ibdk/p 6k/] S4-1' t, 116-r backpacking lbik/pdk/in g] 226-0 backseat

back support belt [bdk/ sa port/ b6lt/]

go back I g0/ bdk/]

bank fbingk] 124-5

1

1

79-1 8

1-M

1

58

bank statement Ibdngk/ stat/mant] I 32-1 bankonline [bdngk/ iin lin/] 132-6 BANK [bdngkJ

horseback riding Ihors/bdk/ rlt ding] 226-9

1

lower back ilo/er bektllOT-29 pay back [pa/ bdk/] ZO-O

bar [biir]

kodtl2T-4

Backyard Ibdk/yerd/] Sg

bar code lbdrt

BACK FROM THE MARKET

candy bar lkdn/ds 6571

lbdk/ frem dhe mar/katl 56-67 bacon [b5/kan] 70-1 1,80-1

grab bar [grdb/

bad [bdd] 23-1 8

salad bar lsdlt ad biir t) 79-24

BAD DAY AT WORK

[b;d/ de/ et wr.irk/] 185-187

badminton lbed/min tan] 228-6 bag tbdgl 69-31, 7 4-7, 74-1 9, 161 -1 8

bdgrl159-43

[dt/ dha sa kyo-/ ra tC/ chdk/ poynt/] 150 attic [dt/ek] 47-7

baby bag lba/be bdg/] 37-1 6

clutch bag [klnch/

big/] Ag-t

g

handbag lhdnd/ bdg/l 87-9,94-2 plastic storage bags Iplds/tik stor/\i bdgzll 72-25

73-rt

bdrtl57-9

menu bar [m6n/yo- biir/] 197-1 scroll bar lskr6U ber/l 197-15

barbecued ribs Ibiir/bi kyoo I d r\bzll barbershop Ibar/bar shep/] t 29-1 9

7

6-2

bargain Iber/gan] lO2-A barn [bern] 177-1

grocery bag tgros/rc bdg/l 57-1 3

6

32

banner lbdn/ad 44-1 banquet room [bing/kwat ro-om/] 185-14

air bag [6r/

audiobook [o/de o bo-ok4 1 33-1 7

bangs lbdngzl 33-8

Ibik/ser/] 159-54

At the Security Checkpoint

attorney [a tur/nC] 141-4, 141-10 attractive [a t16k/tiv] 32-1 3

t

badge [bdj] 93-21

151

At the Mechanic [dt/ dha me kdn/ik]

waistband [w6st/bdnd/] 1 OO-5 bandage tbdn/dijl 117 -5, 1 17 -12 bandana [bdn dd/na] 92-l 6

backhoe Ibdk/ho4 178-8

[5t/ k[s/tamz] 161 athletic [5th l6t/ik] athletic shoes [dth ldt/ik shiloz4 86-7 athletic supporter [6th l6t/ik se poiltatl91-6 Atlantic time let ldn/tik tim/] r 9-33 atlas [6tllas] 133-8 At Customs

At the Dealer [dt/ dha dd/lar]

band lbdnd] r83-34 headband [hEd/bdnd/] 9O-3

r04-5

astronaut [;s/tre n6t/] 205-1 7

attachments [a tdch/mants] 51-1

balloons [ba lo-Onz/] 44-4 bananas fbe ndn/az] 68-2

babysitter lba/be sit/arl 166-9 baby's room lbalbdz/ roomll47-10

astronomer la stra/na marl 205-22 Astronomy [a stri/na mC] 205

attack [e

racquetball lrdk/at [6[/1 229-12 softball [s6ft/bol tl 229-1 0 volleyball [vaUe bol/] 229-1 4, 231 -3

baby monitor lba/be men/e tar] 59-7

back [bdk]

-4

I

baby food [ba/bC

lll-9

84-26

baby bag [ba/b6 bdg/] 37-t 0

certified nursing assistant (CNA) [si]r/ta fid/ nijr/sing a sis/tantl / [sC/6n/ at1 129-12

asthma [62lma]

1

basketball court Ibds/kat bol/ k6ftt1229-7

assistant principal [a sis/tant prin/sa pal] 5-5

fusistant [a sis/tant] 93

161-23

bailifftb;/lifl 141-13

bakery

average [6vlrijJ

assembly line [a s6m/ble lin/] 175-6

ll

baker lba/kad r 66-1 0

Automotive Painter [o ta mot/iv pen/tar] 92

140-l

sEl

baked potato lbakt/ pe ta/to] 81-25

askquestions ldsk/ kwds/chanzl 8-K, 174-M asparagus [e spdr/a gas] 69-26

assembly [a sdm/ble/]

kir/a

bagger Ibdg/ad 73-14 baggy Ibig/e] 97-30

lo/ta mat id tEl/ar ma sh6n/l 132

forl] 1 O-F

begztl6l-24

trash bags fueshl

author [o/thad 133-1 5, 1 69-64 auto [6/to]

automated postal center (APC) [o/ta met id pos/tal sdn/ter] / [a/pe/se/] I 35-1 0 Automated Teller Machine

1

art museum lart/ myo-o zeleml 223-9 ask [dsk] 2-B ask for [dsk/

totebag [tot/ bdgtl 94-19

[o/ta mat id fon/ sis/tam] 14-23

arrist [erltist] 155-6 [e

2l-32

aunt [6nt] 34-7

automated [o/te met id] automated phone system

artichokes fer/ta chOks/l 69-22 arts

shoulder bag lshol/dar big/l 94-1 7 sleeping bag [sle/ping bdgl] 225-1 2

auto club card [o/tO klUb/ kerd/] 162-4 auto mechanic [o/to me kin/ik] 156-8

arson [erlsan] 142-7

I

1

banette [be r6t/] r08-20 base [b6s] 193-45, 194-20 baseball Ibas/b6V ] 229-9, 231 -1 8 baseball bat lbas/bol/ bdt4 231-14 baseball cap [bas/b6l/ kdp/] 35-5

247


I

II

lndex baseball cards Ibas/bol/

liili5tl 232-2

beauty shop lbyo-/tC shiip/l 130

baseball game [bas/bol/

gem/]44-2

beaver Ib€/var] 216-9

I21-27

BASIC TRANSPORTATION

bed control [b6d/ ken trol/]

Ibi/sik trdnzlpar ta/shan] 1 50-l 5r basket lbds/kat] 55-3

bed frame [b6d/ fram/] 58-18

basketball tbds/kat

bol/l 229-8, 231 4

basketball court Ib5s/kat b6l k6ttt] 229-7 bread basket [br6d/ bis/kat] 83-1

1

laundry basket tlon/dr€ bds/ketl 101-2 shopping basket lshap/ing bds/katl 73-9 wastebasket lwast/bds/kat] 57-26 bass [bds]

212-6, [bes] 238-8

bassoon [ba so-n

l]238-4

bat [bdt] 216-7,231-14 bath Ibdth]

bed pan [b6d/ pdn/]121-23 bed room Ib6d /ro-o m/] 45-2 bedspread [$[d/5p1id/] 59-1 1 bed table [bdd/ ta/bal] 121-21 bunk beds [bnnk/ b6dz4 59-9

bathroom lbdth/ro-m/] 46-4 bath towel 16516/ 16r1y/sll 57-1

beef Ibcfl

battery/ batteries [b;t/a 146-15,158-20

re]

/ lbdt/a

Ibdd/ro-m/] 58, 59

honeybee lhnn/e be4 214-25 beef ribs lSgfl 1\$7tl7o-5

roast beef [rost/ befl171-21 stewing beef [sto-/ing bef/] 70-3 stir-fried beef lstiir/frid/ bef tl76-6 rdz]

Beef

lbcfl 70

beetle [bCt/l] 214-18

battery charger

beets Ibets] 69-5

battery pack

Before an Emergency [bi forl en i miir/ jan se] 146

lbit/a r€ chiir/jar1235-27 [!i1/s 1[ pift/] 235-26

bay Iba] 204-9

be lbcl be aware [bE a wdr/] 143-l

be born lbc born/l 40-A be 1 8 or older lbe a/tcn/ or 6ld/ar] 1 4O-G be hurt [be htirt/] 1 16-C be in a rock band [be in a riik/ bdnd/] 238-D be informed [bC in fdrmd/] 140-F be injured lbd in/jardl 1 1 6-C be in shock lbC in shiik/l 1 1 5-B

bin [bin] 51-23, 61-2, 160-6 bioenergy Ibl/0 6n/arje] 218-9 biography lbi ii/gra f6J 1 33-1 5 [[i i/ls ji5f] I 94-2

Biology lbi e/lajCl 194

6i5/] 218-9

birch lbijrch] 2r0-Z bird Ibt]rdl.208-4 Bird lbtird] 214 BIRDS, INSECTS, AND ARACHNIDS

corned beef Ikorndl beftlTl-22 ground beef [growndt bcft]7O-4

bathe [bedh] 36-E 108-B

Bills lbilz] 26

biomass Ibi/o

bee Ibc]

bathing suit Iba/dhing soot/] 90-26 BATHROOM lbdth/ro-om/l 57

tbi[ rs

billiards lbil/yerd zl 228-2 Bill of Rights lbil/ ev rits/] I 98-1 0

hospital bed lhds/pitl bddtl 121-22 kids' bed room lkidzt b5d I r o-om t I 47 -9

bath mat [bdth/ mdt/] 57-28 bath powder [bith/ pow/dar] 108-4 3

Bill

biologist

king-size bed lking/sizl b6d/l 184-15

bathtub Ib5th/tIbl ] 57 -2 half bath [hdf/ bdth/] 57 +

bill tbil 214-3

double bed ldnb/al b6d4 184-14 flower bed lflow/er b6d/] 53-20

BEDROOM

/ lbi/si kal] 129-22,151-15

biking [bi/kin g] 226-8, 22a-5 bikini panties [ba ke/ne p6n/tcz] 9l -1 3

bedbugs lbld I blgztl 63-24

ki/larz] 24

bike / bicycle [brk]

bike path [bik/ pdth/] 224-3

become [be k[m/] 4O-G,41-N bed lb6dl s8-9

basement lbas/mant] 47-1 3 Basement Ibes/mant] 50 Basic Colors Iba/sik

+

[biirdz/ in/sdkts an a rdk/nidz] 214 birth Ib0rth] birth certificate lbtirth/ ser tif/a ket] 40-1 birthday [biirth/da/] 22-1 BIRTHDAY PARTY [burth/de / piirl tEl 24O-241 biscuits Ibis/kats] 80-6

bison Ibi/san] 216-6 bit [bit] 180-28 bite [bit] 110-1 black [bldk]

1

24-l

3

blackberries [bl5k/bdr/Cz] 68-1 7 black hair

lblik/ her/l 33-16

behind lbi hind/] 25-8 beige lbazh] 24-1 8

bladder [blid/erl 1 07 -46 blade lbled] 1o7 -28, 109-28, 180-27

bell tbdll bell captain [b6l/ kdp/tan] 184-6 bellhop [b6l/hiiptl 1a4-7

blankets [bl5ng/kats] 58- 1 5, 1 46-7, 225-1 1 blanket sleeper Ibl6ng/kat sle/par] 9l-27

bell peppers Ib6l/pdp/arz] 69-7

doorbell [dor/b614 53-1 4 below lbi lo/] 25-5 belts Ib6lts] 94-6 back support belt [bdk/ sa port/ b6lt/] 1 79-1 8

blazer

lblalzarl92-12 r01-7

bleach [blech]

bleachers lble/charzl 5-3

bleed lblcd] 116-M blender [bl6n/dar] 54-1 2 blind lblind] 32-1 1

be neat lbe ne!]174-C

belt buckle [b6lt/ bnk/al] 94-20

blister [blis/ter] I I 0-1 5

be on time [bC on

conveyor belt Ikan va/ar b6lt/] I 75-9 garter belt lger/tar b6lt/] 91 -1 6

blizzar d [bliz I e r d]

tim/] t 74-F

be released lbc ri lcst/] 141-H be unconscious lbd rin kiin/shas]

1 1

5-A

don't be late ldont/ be l;t/] r 74-D beach [bech] 204-10 beach chair lb1chl chdrtl225-22 beach umbrella [bdch/ um brdl/a)225-14

seat belt [s6t/ b6lv] 159-52

tool belt

1 3 -23, 1 45 - 1 3 blocks lbleksl 59-19 quilt block lkwitt/ btiik4 232-15

[to-l/ b6lt/] 92-3

bench lbdnchl 224-10

bend Ibdnd] 230-O

sunblock [sin/blak4

benefits lben/a fits] I 74 +

beads Ibedz] 95-34, 99-32

blackbenies lbldkt b 6r t €zl 68- 1 7 blueberries Iblo-o/b6r/ez] 68-1 6

beak lbckl 214-3 beaker fbe/karl 195-39

mixed berries Imikst/ b6r/Cz] 81-36

beam [bem] 178-3

raspberries lrdzl bdr / €zl 6a-1 5

beans [bEnz] 69-8, 72-17

08-8, 225-1 0

blood pressure gauge [bh]d/ pr6sh/ar gAj4 blood test lblnd/ tdst4 1 2r -30

berries Ib6r/cz] 210-20

BEACH Ibech] 225

1

blond hair lbl5nd/ her/] 33- 1 7 blood [blnd] 111-14

blood work

[flfifl/

bloody nose

yyij1ft/]

[d!d/s

l2l-30

no2l] I 1O-1 7

blouse [blows] 87-8 blow dryer [blo/ dri/ar] 33-23,

r 08-1 8

strawberries [stro/bdr/Cz] 68-1 4 between [bi twen/] 25-1 2

blower Iblo/ar] 176-2 blow out [blo/ owt/] 240-C

beard lberd] 33-6 beat lbetl 77-S

Beverages [b6v/ra jaz] 73, 81 bib [bib] 37-s bicycle / bike lbr/si kal] / [bik] 129-22,151-15

blue lbloo] 24-3 bluebenies [bloo/bdr/6zj 68-1 6

beater Ibe/tar] eggbeater 169/bc/13r1 78-20

big [big] 23-2,97-38 Big Dipper [big/ di/parJ 205 +

soybeans lsoy I benzl 1 177

-3

bear [ber] 37-23, 216-11

beautiful Ibyo-/ta fel] 23-21

248

big-screen TV lbig/skren/ terve/l 50-1 5

*

bluejay Lblf;ot ja/121a-6 bglght blue [brit/ blo-o4 24-12 dark blue ldiirk/ blo-o/l 24-10 light blue ilit/ blo-o/l 24-1 1 navy blue [na/v€ bloT4 28-5

1 1

8-9


lndex

I ! I

i

blues Iblo-z] 237-22

boots Ibo-ts] 95-28 hiking boots [hi/king bo-ts/] 95-31

blush lblish] 109-37 board [bord]

Breakfast Special [brEk/fast sp6/shel] 8O breasts [br6sts]

7 o-1 9, 1 07 -26 breathe lbredh] 1 16-N breathing Ibre/dhing] 1 t 7-1 6 bricklayer Ibrik/la/er] 1 86-8 bricks Ibriks] 17A4 2, 178-B

rain boots I ran/ bo-o15/] 90-20

board game Lbdrdt gam/)232-5

safety boots [saf/te bo-ots/]

bulletin board [bo-ol/a tn b\rdtlT-14 chalkboard [chok/bord/] 6-1

ski boots kke/ bobts/l

cutting board [kit/ing bord/] 54-27

bored lbord] 43-25 borrow Ibdr/o, bor/0] 26-B boss lbasl 164-4

emery board [6m/a râ&#x201A;Ź bord/,6m/rC-] 109-32

headboard [h6d/bord/] 5g-

tO

ironing board [i/ar ning bord/] 101-14 motherboard Imidh/ar bord4 196,-5 particle board [piir/ta kal bord/] 181-20 skateboard lskatl botd tl 224-7 snowboard [sn6/bord/] 231 -23 surfboard [surfl bord/] 225-1 6

6116 a]

79-20

briefcase Ibref/kas/]

161-9

88-l

3

briefs fbrefsl 91 -5, 91 -1 4

bright blue lbrit/ blo-o/] 24-12 f brin gl 17 4-D, 24O-E

botanical garden fba tdn/i kal giir/dn] 222-3 bottle Ibdt/l] 37 -1, 7 4-1, 7 4-13

bring

broccoli [briik/a le] 59-1 3 broiled steak Ibroyldt stek/176-3

bottle return lbat/l ritrirn/] 73-16 hot water bottle [hiit/ wo/tar bevl] 1 13-1 5 bottled water lbat/ld wo/terl r 46-l I

broiler Ibroy/lar] 54-21 broken [br6/kan] 62-5, 62-6, 62-7, 63-1 5, 97 -39 broken equipment fbro/ken i kwip/mantl 179-4

bouquet [b0 ka/, boo-] 2r I -28 bow [bo] 231-6 bow tie [bo/ ti/] 89-1 6

whiteboard [wit/bord/] 6-3 board [bdrdj 160-E boarding Ibor/dinn1 boarding area [bor/ding

1

23r-26 steel toe boots lstel/ to/ boots/] 92-6

broom [br6_om] 61-16 brother Ibr[dh/er] 34-6, 35-28

bow [bow] 3-H bowl [bol] 55-2

brother-in-law Ibrtidh/ar in 16 tl 34-1 7 stepbrother lstdp/br{fl [/34 35-39 brown [brown] 24-17

boarding pass lbor/ding pds/] 161-20

mixing bowl lmiks/ing bol t] 54-28, 7A41

sailboarding lsal/bor/ding] 227 + skateboarding [skat/bor/ding] 228-13

serving bowl [s0rv/ing b0l4 55-21

brown hair fbrown/ hdr/] 33-18

soup bowl [so-p/ bol/] 83-21

hash browns fhdsh/ brownz/] 8O-3

snowboarding lsnol bor / dingl 227 -2

sugar bowl lsho-og/ar b6l/] 55-1 4

boat Ibot] sailboat lsal/bot/] 225-3 boating Ibo/tingj 226-1

bowling Ibo/ling] 228-3 bowling alley [b0 tling

bobbin [b6/bin] 98-21 bobby pins Ibeb/e pinzl]lO8-21

box / boxes [biiks/, biiks/iz]

bruise [brooz] dlt

CD boombox

mailboxes fmal/biik/saz]

104-10s, l06-107 boil Iboyl] 77-M boiled ham fboyld/ hdm/] 75-5 boiler Iboy/ler] 78-8 BODY [bad/c]

bok choy fbiik/ choy/] 69-1 5

bolt lboltl 51-34, l80-35,180-38 bolt of fabric lb6lt/ av fdb/rik] 98-1 5 bone [bdn] r07-33, rr6-P

+

book Ibo-ok] appointment book la poynt/mant bo"ok/l 183-48 audiobook [o/d6 o bo-ok4 1 33-1 7

kl

ke

t par]

1

7

5-2

book of stamps [bo-ok/ ev stimps /1134-18 bookcase [bo"ok/ kas/] 7-10

bookstore Ibo-ok/ stor/] 130-4 check book lch6k t bdoktl 132-12 coloring book [krJl/e ring bo-ok/] 59-'13 DMV handbook [de/6m/ve/ hind/bo-ok/] 135-1 n

ote boo k ln ot I b o"ok / I

7

-27

passbook lpds/b6-oL4 t tr-'t

toothbrush [to-th/brish/]

test booklet [tdst/ bo-ok/lat] 1O-1 textbook [t6kst/b o"okt , t6kst-]7-25 workbook lwti rkl bo-ok/l 7-26

1

O9-22

brush [brr]shl 108-1, 109-J bubble in lbi/bal in/] 1 0-K

50-l l, 128-13

lpost/ o/fes beks/l / [pe/o biiks/] 135-9 safety deposit box [saf/te dI piizlat biiks/] 1 32-7

bucket lbik/at] 61 -7, 225-g buckle lbrjk/el] 94-20, 99-28 buckle up [bnk/al np/] 35-L

sandbox lsdnd/biiks/l 224-1 5 search box lsurch/ biiks/] 197-5

bud [bnd] 21 1 -7 budget lbijit/] 186-3

text box ltdkst/ biiks/] t 97-1 3

buffalo [b[f/a lo] 216-6 buffet [ba fal] 55-24,185-j0

to-go box [ta gol biiks/] 82-5 boxer shorts lbek/sar shorts/] 91 -4

bugs lbrlgzl bedbugs

boxing Ibeks/ing] 228-4 boy [boy] 31-9

lbl d I b ilgzl | 63-24 buitding lbil/din g] 5O-1, 124-2

bra [bra] 91-20

BUILDING SUPPLIES [bitr6inn sa plizl]

bracelets Ibres/lets] 95-9, 1 17-3

bulb tbnlbl s6 +,211-2 bulldozer Ibo-ol/do/zar] 1 78-6

braces [bra/saz] I 19-6 brain lbran] 107-34

bumper fbrim/par] 1 58-8 bumper pad lbim/per pdd/] 59-4 bunch [binch] 68-29

brake pedal lbrek/ pdd/l] r59-45 branch fbrdnch] 210-2 Branch lbrdnch] 138

bread [br6d] 57-1 1 bread-and-butter plate Ibrdd/ n bread basket [br6d/ bds/kat]

bunk beds [bnngk/ b6dz/] 59-9 Bunsen burner lbrjn/sen brir/nar] 195-37 bureau Ibyo-r/o] 58*1

bit/er plat/] 83-'l

83-l

burger Ib0r/gar] cheesebu rger lch â&#x201A;Źzl bjr I garl 7 9 -3 hamburger Ihdm/biir/gar] 79-1

9

1

garlic bread [gdrllik br6d/] 81-28 rye bread

180-t8t

bulletin board [bo-ol/e tn bdrdt]7-14 bump cap lbnmp/ kdp/] 92-9

brainstorm Ibran/storm/] 8-H, 1 9t-F brake [brak] 1 59-48 brake light [brak/ lit/] 158-14

Brass lbrds] 238 O

picture book [pik/char bo-ok/] 133-12 spiral notebook [spi/rel nOt/bo-ok/] 7-29

boombox Iboom/bii ks/] 234-1 booth [bo-th] 82 -4, 1 22-3

[skrib/ brish/] 51-20 toilet brush [toyllet brish/] 57-1 I scrub brush

[se/de/ bdOm/biikstl 234-1

post office box (PO box)

Ibo-o

paintbrush lpant/brish/l ft1 -22, 233-20

74-6,74-18

fuse box lfyd-ozt beks/162-13

body of water fbiid/e ev wo/tarl 204 +

llO-12

brush [brish] 33-22, 1O8-1 4

box spring lbiiks/ spring/] 58-1 9

body shaper [biid/e/ sha/per] 91 -1 5

bookkeeper

e]222-4

bowling ball [bo/ling bol/] 231-5

body lbed/e] r9o-7 body lotion [biid/e lo/shan] 108-9

boneless [b6n/las] 70

browse [browz] 102-B

burglary fb0r/gle rcl 142-2 burn [bijrn]

lll br\dtlTl-2l

wheat bread lw6t/ br6d/l 71-19 white bread lwit/ br6dl 7r -1 8 break [brak] 77-Q, 1 15-P break down [[y;ft/ j61n7n/] 162-D

., .

sunburn [siln/bilrn/] *burn:lbi.irnl 116-H burner, [biir/nar] 54-1 9,

1

10-14

1

95-37

burrito [ba relto]79-9

249


I

I

lndex

bus lbns] 128-9,151-14 bus person bus route

[b[s/ ptir/san] 185-1

3

[bis/ rilot/, -rowt/1152-1

124-7 bus stop lbris/ st:ip/] 129-16,151-13 bus station Ibris/ sta/shan]

miss the bus [mis/ dha br]s/l 152 business lbizlnasl

1

business suit Ibizlnas so-t/] 88-1

1

1

66-1 2

camcorder lkdm/kor dar] 235-24

copies of lD and credit cards

lkim/al] 217-38

lkiip/ez ev i/de/ an kr6d/at/ kdrdztl 146-19

camera case lkdm/ra kEs/l 235-28 digital camera ldi/jo tal k5m/ra] 235-19

fare card [f6r/ kdrd/] 152-1 I

film camera [film/ k5m/ra] 235-21 security camera [si kyo-or/a te kim/ra] 5O-19

green card fgr€n/ kiird/l 40-2

35 mm camera

[th0r/te fiv/ mil/a me/tar kim /ral235-21

f55-9

camper fkdm/par]

butterfly Ibit/er fli/] 214-1 9 buttocks Ibit/eks] 107-30 button [bith] 99-24 back button [bdk/ bit/n] 1 97-2 call button [kol/ birth] r2l-28 forward button ffor/ward bit/n] 197-3 buy [biJ 27-G buy a home [bi/ a hom/] 41-M

camping [k;m/ping] 226-5 camping stove [k:m/ping stov/] 226-16

[bI/

re si/kald priid/r)kts]

campfi re lkempl fir t I 226-1

Buyinga House [bl/ing a

Campus [kim/pas] 5

74-3,74-15

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

cancer lkdn/sar] 1l 1-10

candy bar lkEtnl de bartlTS-37

[kin/de kan/] 239-1 7

cane [kan] 113-1 6, 239-17 canned food fkdnd/

supply cabinet [sa pli/ kib/a nat] 182-1 cables lkd/balz] 1 58-21, 195-1 3

fo-d/] r 46-9

l]226-24

canyon Ik5n/yan] 204-17 baseball cap lbas/bol/

lbimp/

kip/] 35,-5

kdp/] 92-9

surgical cap [sUr/ji kal kdpt1121-3, surgical scrub cap [stir/ji kal

Capitol lkd/pat al] 1 38-1

calculate fkdl/kya lat/] 17-B

capsule [kdp/sel] I

calculator [kdl/kya la/ted 17 -6, 183-25 calculus [kdl/kya las] 192-19

car [ker] I 50-1

u5n15/] 22

calfJength [kdf/ lEnth/] 95-l 7 call [k6l]

br]thl 121-28

international call lin/tar nish/a nal kol/] l5-35 lnternet phone call lin/tar n6t/ fon/ ki)lll14-20 local call

[o/kal kol/] 15-31

long distance call l6ng/ dis/tans kol/l 15-32

call [kol] 48-A, r47-L <all in lkol/ in/] 186-A

l3-23

1 44-2 lkiir/ de/lar ship/l 1 26-4

car accident [ker/ ek/se dant] car dealership

calf [kdfl I 06-22

call button [kol/

skrlb/ kdp/] 93-35

capital fkd/pat al] 139-22 capitalize [k6/pat al izl] 190-A, 190-B capris lka pr€z] 88-8

CALENDAR

19

kiir/] 1 57

career counselor [ka rer/ kown/sletl172-10

car safety seat [ker/ saf/te set/] 37-1 9 4-door car lforldorl ker/l f55-1

sports car [sports/kiir/] 1 56-4 subway car

[s[b/wa/ kar/i152-6

town car [town/ klir/] 152-20 2-door car [to-o/ddr/ kiirll156-2 Car lkdr]

r72

cargo van [ker/90 v5n/] 156-13

carpenter Iker/pan tar] 62-12, 166-14 carpet Ikair/pat] 56-24

88-1,206-7

Cake lkakl 77

[kil/an 634 26-tt EVENTS Ikdl/an 4"r;

1

carnation lkiir na/shan] 21 I -20 carousel lkir/a s6l/] f6l-23

canvas Ikdn/vas] 233-1 7

shower cap [show/ar kdp/] 108-1

CALENDAR

18,

CAREER PLANNING lka rer/ plSn/ing] 172

cafeteria lkdf/a tir/c e] 5-1 4 cage lkajl 107-48

cheesecake [chcz/kik/] 81 -34 pancakes Ipdn/kaks/] 80-7

1

Career Path lke rCrl p6th/]

bump cap

cake pan [kak/ p6n/] 78-26

CARE tkerl 114-1 15,

Care ofYour Car [kdr/ av yar

cactus lkdk/tasl 21 0-21

cake lkekl 73-39,81-33

1 79-2 wt]r/karl 179-1 childcare worker [child/kdr w0r/kar] 166-16

careless worker lkdr/las

canoeing lka no-o/ing] 226-3 can't breathe lkdnt/ bredh/] 1 16-N

cap lkdpl

157,159

carpool [kar/po-l/] 21 9-l carriage Ikdr/ij] 37-20 carrier lkir/e ad 37-17,134-20 carrots lkdr/ets] 59-3 carry tkir/eJ 1 f -F, 82-H CARS AND TRUCKS [kiirz/ an

triks/] 1 56

caft lkeftl7z-7,129-28 housekeeping cart lhows/kC/ping kart/] 184-19 luggage cart flng/ijl kart/l 184-8 carton Iker/tn] 74-4,74-16 cartoon Ike r/to-on] 236-3 cartridge lker/trul r83-45 carving knife Ikiir/ving nf t 1 78-1 2 case Ikas] 94-5,235-28 cash [kdsh] cash and coins [k5sh/ en

koynzll146-17

cash register [kdsh/ r6jle star] 27-10,73-15

cash lk;shl 27-E 132-A cashier [kd shir/] 73-13,166-15 cashmere lkdzhl mlir ll

98-4

CAR tkerl 156, 157, 158-1 59

Casserole tkds/e roll 77

card tkerdl 239-5

casserele dish [kis/a rol dish/] 79-1 6

[a/te/6m/ kiird/] r32-15 auto club card [6 t0/ klnb/ kiird/l 152-4 ATM card

/

care [kdr] 157-32

Canned Foods lkdndl fTodztlT2

canteen lkdn ten

file cabinet [fi]/ k6b/a net] 182-1 1 medicine cabinet [m6d/e san keb/e nat] 57-20

(CPR)

lkiir/d6 O po-ol me ner/C ri sis/a ta/shanl lsetpetdrtl 117-17 careful worker Ikdr/fal wiir/kar]

candy Ikdn/d6] 239-1 2 candy cane

Cabinet lkdb/a nat] 138-10 cabinet lkeb/a net] 54-1

fso/shal si kyo-or/a te kiird/l 40-5

electric can opener [i l6k/trik/ kdn/ o/pa nar] 54-1 4

7a4,146-8

candy store lken/de stor/] I 3l -1 7

cab lkdb] 1s6-16 cabbage tkdb/ijl 69-2

t] 183-44

Social Security card

garbage can [giir/bij kdn/] 53-24

can opener [kdn/ o/pa nar]

fbi/ing an man ta/ning a kiir/] I 57 Buying a Used Car lbi/ing a ydbzd/ kiartl 157

[bizler] 51-31

18-3

cardigan sweater fkiir/da gen swdt/ar] 88-2 Cardinal Numbers lkiird/nal nUm/barzl 16 cardiologist lkdr/de 51r" jir,1't r0-t

can fkinl

BUYING AND MAINTAINING A CAR

buzzer

1

Card lkiird] 135

Ikin/dl] 56-20 candle holder [kin/dl hol/derl 56-21

hows/]49' *

lh6lth/ in sho-or/ans kard/l

rotary card file [rolta re kiird/ fil

1

candle

219-D

greeting card [9re/ting kiird/] 134-15 health insurance card

Resident Alien card kdzla dant a/le an kiird/l 4O-2

butcher lbo-och/ad 1 66-1 3 butter IbIt/ar] 66-6, 83-19

buy a snack [bi/ e sndk/] 1 1-K buy recycled products

folding card table [f6l/dlng/ kiird/ ta/bal] 1 02-4

memory card lm6m/a r€ kerd/l 235-20 post card lpost/ kerd/] 1 34-1 6

campaign lkdm pan/] 139-29

[bis/ stap/] 1 52

232-2

l3o-7

emergency card [i mtjr/jan se/ kiird/] 161-23

camisole lkdm/a sol/] 91-21

busser [bri/sar] 83-1 2 Bus Stop

card store lkard/ stor/l

camera lkdm/ra]

+

businessperson fbizlnas piir/san]

baseball cards Ibas/bol/ kiitdz/]

calm [k6m] 42-8 camel

bus [bns] 82-G business owner [bizlnas o/nar] 166-1

calling card [ko/llng kiird/] 14-1 5

cassette Ika sdt/] 234-6

videocassette [vi/dC o ke s6t/] 133-18


1 r

lndex .l /

chdrl 56-22

castlkSstl 113-20

easy chair lEl ze

castle Ikd/sel] 225-1 2

folding chair [fold/ing 6hg1/] 102-5 high chair [hi/ chdr/] 37-6,82-3

Casual Clothes [kdzh/oo al kloz4 88

lkSzh/o-o al wi.irk/ an forlmal klOzll 88-89

wheelchair [wel/6h91/]1

cat lketl 21 5-9

chalk lchok]

catfish Ikdt/fish/] 71

head chef [hEd/ shef/] r 85-7 sous chef [so-o/ sh6f/] 1 85-6

rocking chair [riikl\ng chdr/] 37 -21

CASUAL, WORK, AND FORMAL CLOTHES

7-i

1

Chef [sh6fl 93

3-9

chemist Ik6m/ist] 195-25

8

Chemistry [k6m/a stre] 195

chalkboard [chok/bord/]

-2

catalog fkdt a /log] 1 33-1 catch lkdch] 23GD

executive chef [ig zdk/ya tiv sh6f/] I 85-7

6-l

cherries [chdr/Cz] 68-1 1 cherry picker [ch5y/g pi(/sr]

challenged [chdl/angd] 32-1 0 <hange lchanjl 36-G, 60-B 1 48-C

1

1

78-5

chess [ch6s] 232-8

catcher's mask [k5ch/arz misk/] 231-l 5

change purse [chanj/ piirs/] 94-14

chest [ch6st] 59-1 6, 104-4, 1O7 -25

caterer [ka/ter ar] 1 85-1 6

changing lchdn/jin9l changing pad [chin/jing pdd/] 59-2

chicken [chik/an] 66-3, 7O-1 6

caterpillar [kAt/a pil/ar, kdt/er-] 214-20 cattle [kdt/l] 177-21

chest of drawers [ch6st/ av drorzl] 59-6 chicken pox [6[ift/sp pift5/]

changing table f6fi1n/jing ta/bal] 59-1

11 1

-6

cauliflower Iko/li flow / ar, k?il -) 69-1 4

charger [chiir/jarl 14-10, 234-17, 235-27

chicken sandwich lchik/an sdn/wich, -sdnd-l 79-5

fried chicken ffrid/ chik/anl 75-1 roast chicken Ir6st/ chik/an] 81-22

cave [kdv] 220-6

chart lchert] 121-24

caverns [cd /varn z] 22O-7

cheap [chep] 23-20

cavity Ikdv/a tC] I 19-7

check [ch6k]

C-clamp [se/kldmp/] 180-6 CD

fsc/dc/l 196-9, 234-5 CD boombox lsc/de/ b66m/biiks/] 234-1 CD player [se/de/ pla/arJ 159-38

1

Chicken [chik/an] 77

32-1 3

check book [chEkt bo"oktl 132-12

chiefjustice [chCf/ jis/tasl I 38-1 3

check-in kiosk fchdk/in/ ke/osk] 160-2

CHILDCARE AND PARENTING

checkstand [ch6k/stdnd/] 73-1 2 paycheck Ip5/ch6k4 r65-1 4

child / children [child] / lchil/ dran]

[child/kdr an pdr/an ting] 36-37

check [ch6k] check blood pressure [ch6k/ bl[d/ pr6sh/ar] I 18-A (heck email [ch,6k/ e/ mal/] 39-W

celebrate [s6l/a brat] 205-C celery [s6l/a re] 69-9 cell [sdl] 194-4

<heck in [ch6k/ In/]

cell membrane [s6l/ mdm/bran] 194-6 cell phone holder [s6l/ fon/ hol/dar] 94-1 5 cell phone kiosk [sdl/ fon/ ke/osk] cell phone number lsdl/ f6n/ cell wall [s6l/ wiilt]194-5 cello lch6l/ol 238-7 cellular phone [sdl/ya ler fon/]

1]1-2]

.

nlm/barl 4-12

1

6O-A

check lnternet job sites [ch6k/ In/ter n6t / jt)bt sttsl) 173-D

lost child

chill [chil] 76-D chills [chilz] 1 10-9

[ch6k/ dhe pra nen sc a/ shan] 8-D check your bags fchdk/ yar bdgzl] 1 60-8

automated postal center (APC)

[o/ta met id pos/tal s6n/tar] / fi/pc/se/l 1 35-1 0 childcare center [child/ker/ s6n/ter] 129-30 convention center Ikan v6n/shen sEn/ter] 1 27-24 copy center lklip/a s6n/tar]

1

29-1 8

lost/ child/l 1 44-1

check the correct boxes

cent [s6nt] 26-1, 26-2, 26-3, 26-4 center [s6n/tor]

Celsius lsdl/se as] 1 3-2

children! program [chil/dranz pro/grdmJ 236-9 child safety seat lchild/ saf/tc set/l 159-53 grandchild [g16n/child/, grdnd/-] 34 + Childhood Diseases [child/ho-od di zet zez] 111 chili peppers [chil/e pdp/arz] 69-29

cemetery Is6/ma tdr/e] 127-1 5

4-8

childcare worker lchTld/ker wU r/ker] f 66-1 6

check messages fchdk/ m6s/ajlz] 171-R checkout [chdk/ owt/] 133-C fch6k/ dhe ke r6kt/ b;k/sez] 9-U check the oil lchdk/ dha oyl/] I 57-H check the pronunciation

1

childcare center [child/kEr sdn/ter] f 29-30

chimney [chim/n6] 53-5 chi m pa nzee lch\m I pdn ze I I 217 -27

check pulse [chdk/ pils/] 122-A check your spelling lchdk/ yar sp6l/ingl check your understanding [ch6k/ yar rin/dar stend/ing]

1

chin lchin] 106-1 chipmunk [chip/milngk] 2l 5-20 chips [chips] 73-35

1

97-F

2-N

check your work [ch6k/ yar wilrk/]

1

chiropractors lki/ro prdk/tarzl t 20 chisel fchizlal] 181-55 choke lch6k] 116-L choose [cho-oz] 9-P

0-L

entertainment center

checked [chEkt] 96-24

[6niter tenhent s6n/tad 55-5 resource center ke/sors srin/tarl 172-9

checkers [chdkl arz] 232-7

chop [chiip] 77-L chops fchiipsl 70-10, 7O-1 5

checking account number

Christmas Ikris/mas] 22-1 8

CENTER lsdn/tar] 2OA-2OS

centimeter [cm] [sdn/ta me/tar] 17-14 CENTRAL AMERICA [s6n/tral a mEr/a ka] 200-201 Centraltime [s6n/trel tim/] 19-31 cereal [sir/e el] 8O-9

tif/a kat av ndch/ra la zdlshan] 40-6 certified Lsiir/ta fid/l Certified Mail' [silrirte fid/ mal] 134-4 certified nursing assistant (CNA) lstir/ta fid/ ni.irlsing a sis/tantl / [se/6n/a/]

120-12 chain lchen]

51

7-l I

-33, 95-33,

71

church [ch0rch] 127-14 chute [sho-t] 51-26

-28

cheese lchEzl 66-4 1

lsar

chair lchdr]

Checkpoint [ch6k/poynt/] 160 cheddar cheese [ch6d/ar chcz/]

Christmas tree Ikris/mes trC/] 239-16

chromosome Ikro/ma zoml] 194-8 chrysanthemum lkrisin/the mem] 211-21

cheek lchek] 106-3

ceremony [s6r/a mo/ne] 206-6 certificate lsar tif/a kat] 40-1, 41 -1 Certificate of Naturallzation

lch6k/ing a kownt/ nim/barl 132-14 checkout [ch6k/owt/] 1 33-1 0

circle lsilr/ kall

American cheese [a mdr/a ken chez/]

7I-26

cheddar cheese [ch6d/ar chez/] 71 -28

circular saw lstir/kye lar s6/] 180-9

cheeseburger [ch Ezl biir / garl79-3

circulation desk [si.irlkya la/shan ddsk/] 1 33-2 circumference fser kim/frans] 193-36

cheesecake lchez/kak/l 81 -34

grilled cheese sandwich

lgrild/ chez/ sdn/wich, -sdnd/-l 80-1 Swiss cheese lswisl

chezllTl-27

Cheesy Tofu Vegetable Casserole 1

80-41

armchair ftirm/ch6rl 56-22 beach chair lbdchl ch1rtl225-22 dining room chair fdi/ning leern/qIgv/] 55-8

f93-34

circle [siir/ kal] 9-Q

[che/ze

to/fo- vdj/ta bal kds/a rol] 77

chef [sh6fl 83-1 6 cheft hat [sh6fs/ hdt/] 93-28 cheft jacket [sh6fs/ jdk/at] 93-29 chef's salad [sh6fs/ s5l/ ad] 80-14

0

citizen lsit/e zenl 3O-5 Citizenship Requirements lsjt/a zan shTp/ ri kwTrhents] 140 city [sit/e] 4-7,52-1 city code lsit/6 kod/l 1 5-34

.. cityâ&#x201A;Źouncil [sit/6 kown/sal] 139-27 city hallJsit/e hal/l 1 24-8 City Government fsit/e

gi/varn ment] 139

CITY STREETS [sit/e strets/]

126-127

251


I

I

lndex cloth lkloth] 181-54 cloth diaper lklothl dttpan]37-8

CIVIC RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

[si/vik rits n ri spdn/sa bil/a tez] 140 Civilizations lsi/va la zalshenzl 1 99

tablecloth [ta/bel kloth/] 55-l2 washcloth lwash/kloth/l 57-4

claim lklaml 160-L clamp [kldmp] 180-6 clams lklimz] 71-15 clarinet Ikl5r/a ndt/] 238-2

colonists lka/la nists] 198-2 color [kil/ar] watercolor lwo/tar kll/erl 233-21

clothes [kloz] 146-6

clothesline Ikloz/lin/]

1

clothespin fkl6zlpin/]

1

0r

-9

color Ikil/er] 33-D

01 -1 0

86-87, 88-a9, 96-97, 9a-99 clothing Ikl0/dhing] 1 02-2 CLOTHING Iklo/dhing] 90, 92-93

classical Ikla/si kal] 237 -21

CLOTH ES [kloz]

classical concert [kla/5i [31 ken/sart] 223-14 classified ad Ikl5s/e fid] 48-2

Clothing Problems lklo/dhing prdbtlamz] 97 cloudy lklow/del 13-10

Classmates Iklds/mats/] 8 classroom lklds/ro-om/] 5-7 claw [klo] 214*2

club lkln b] ft2-4, 223-1 2, 231 -1 club sandwich lkhlb sin/wich/, -sdnd-l 8O-1 2

clean [klen] 101-1 6

clubs Iklibz] 233-32

CLASSROOM lkl5s/ro-om/]

clean lklen] 75-A clean teeth [klen/

6-7

1s1hr1 1

1

9-4

clean the house [klen/ dha hows/] 39-O clean the lint trap lklen/ dhs linl/ lyip/] 101-D clean the oven [kl6n/ dha iv/an] 60-C clean up lklen/ np/l r47-M

glass cleaner [glds/ klen/ar]

61-14

Coast

[vdk/yo-om klen/ar a tech/ments]

6l-

vacuum cleaner bag fvdk/yam klgn/3y CLEANING SUPPLIES lklc/ning sa pliz/]

l

61-1 2

6l

cleanser Ikl6n/zer] 61-1 8

lklcn/np/l 148-149

desk clerk [d6sk/ kltjrk/] 1 84-1

1

lde/6m/ve/ kltirk/l 136-3

file clerk [fi]/ klurk/] r82-10 grocery clerk [gros/re khirk/,

trench coat ltr6nch/ kot/] 90-21

complaint [kam plant/] 97

[i/br6r

grOsh

l-, 916lsa-172-4

e

postal clerk Ip6/stal klUrk/]

r35-7

]

5l

Complex [kiim/pldks/]

cockpit Ikek/pit/] r 51-1 0

compliment [kiim/pla m6nt/] l2 + compliment Ikiim/pla m6nt/] l2-C composer fkam po/zar] 199-15 composition Ikaim/pa zishlan] 199-14

71-8,212-s

compost Ikiim/post/]

bar code lbdtrl kod/127-4

city code [sit/C kod/] 1 5-34 countrycode Ikin/trC kod/] 15-33 coffeemaker [ko/fe mi/kar] 54-1

1

coffee mug lko/fe mng/] 55-Z coffee shop lko/fe shiip/]

1

21

9-M

compost pile lkem/post ptlt153-rt computer fkam pyo-/tar] 7 -1 5, 1 83-17

coffee Iko/fe] 73-33, 81-37, 81-38

kltirk/] t 33-1 payroll clerk [palrol/ kltirk/] 165-10

library clerk

i

klen/ip] 148-r49

cobra [k6/bre] 213-41

area code [dr/e a kod/] 15-29

klilrkll l2O-14

crime lka mit/ a krim/l 142

fka myo-o/na te kevij] 127-17, 188-6

code [kod]

admissions clerk [ad mish/anz

a

Comparing Clothing lkam pdr/ing klo/dhing] 97 compartment Ikom part/mant] 1 59-44, 1 61 -1 3

cod lkiid]

clerk lkl0rk] 5-13, 1A2-2

commercial fisher fka miir/shal frshlar] 167-17

raincoat [ran/ kot/] 90-1 8 sports coat [sports/ kot/] 89-1 4

coconuts [ko/ka nits/] 68-24

clear Iklir] 82-G clear off lklir/ efl] 1 0-l

comfort Ikim/fart] 36-l comma [kiim/a] 190-14

fka myo-/na te

cocktail dress lkek/tel/ drds/] 89-20

clear tape Iklir/tep/] I 83-30

come Ikim] 39-R comedy lkiim/a d el 236-2, 237 -1 3 comet lkiim/et] 205-24

community college

cockroaches lkdkl rol chazl 63-26

clear fklir] 1 3-9

comb [kom] 33-21, 108-1 3 <omb [kom] 108-G

[k6m/an il/na saz an chlld/ho-od-di zdlzaz] 111

lab coat ildb/ kot/l 93-33

1

[igl]

Columbus Day [ke l[m/bas det]22-15 column lkal/r]ml 107-49

COMMUNITY CLEANUP

a

coat Ikot] 9O-2,216-19

vacuum cleaner [yift/yo-m klen/ar] 61-10 vacuum cleaner attachments

COLORS [kr]l/arsl 24

Common lllnesses and Childhood Diseases

j0st/mant neb tl 194-22 Guard [kost/ giird/] r 38-l 8

fkors/

coloring book [kil/e ring bo-ok/] 59-1 3 lkil/ars] 24

Colors

commit

coarse adjustment knob

oven cleaner IUv/an kl6n/er] 51-3

DMV clerk

229-2

coal lkoll 218-4

dry cleaners [dri/ klen/arz] 128-2

CLEANUP

clutch [klrlch] 159-49 clutch bag [kh]ch/ bdg/l 89-1 9 CNA (certified nursing assistant) [se/6n/a/] / lsiir/ta ta fid/ nur/sing e sis/tant] 1 2O-1 2 coach f k6chl 5-20,

cleaner lklâ&#x201A;Źn/arl

computer lab lkem pyo-/tar ldb/] 5-15 computer software engineer [kam pyo-/tar soft/wer/ 6n/ja nir/] 167-18 computer technician Ikem pyo-/tar tdk nish/an]

167-19,1a2-12 Computer [kem pyo-o/tar] 196

26-1

1

coffee table [ko/fe ta/bal] 56-1 9

6[n/ye-] 80-81

COMPUTERS lkam pyd'-o/tarzl 196 conceal fkan sel/] 143-C concert Ike n /sert] 222-5, 223- 1 4

retail clerk [rC/tal/ kliirk/] 169-53

COFFEE SHOP MENU [ko/fC shijp/

salesclerk [salzlklurk/] 94-3

coins [koynz] 146-17 coin purse [koyn/ pilrs/] 94-14

concierge lkiin/se 6rzh/, k6n/-1 194-4 conclusion fkan klo-/zhan] 190-8

Coins Ikoynz] 26

concrete lkiing/(vg1, kiin krCt/l 178-10 conditioner [ken dish/a nad 108-1 1,159-39

shipping clerk [ship/ing kliirk/] 1 75-1 6 stock clerk lstak/ kltirk/] 169-59

click lklik] 197-B

clip-on earrings Iklip/in irling2, -on-] 95-37 clipper Iklip/ar] 109-31, 17 6-1 1 clips lklipsJ 108-1 9, r83-31, 194-24 clock [kliik] 7-9,58-24, 165-7 clock radio [kl:ik/ ralda o] 102-6

close lkloz] 5-H closet lklezlat] 57

l/en darl 7 a-17 cold lkold] 13-6, 42-4, 111-1 colander

<limb Iklim] 224-C climbing apparatus lklim/in g it pa rdl tesl 224-1 4 clinic lklin/Ik] 185-2

+,58-5

Closures Ikl0/zherz] 99

252

Colonial Period fka l6/ne al pir/e adJ 198 colonies [kli/le nez] 198-1

Ike

t;b/lets] 1 1 3-27 cold water [kold woltat)57-7 cold tablets lkold

coleslaw lkol/slo/] 8O-1 8

Conditions [kan dish/anz] 1 3, I 1 1 CONDITIONS [kan dish/anz] I l1 condominium [kiin/de min/e am] 52-5

conduct [ken dUkt/] 238-C

collar [kel/ar] r00-4

conductor [ken dik/ta4 152-13

collate [ko/let/, ke let/] 1 7l-E collect Ika l6kt/] 232-A

cone [kon] 7 9-1 3, 193-40 pinecone [pin/kon] 210-1

college [kiiuij] 127 -17, 188-6, 1 88-7 college degree [kdl/ij de grc/] 41-7

conference room lkdn/frans room/] 182-4 confetti lken f6t/e] 239-3

college dormitory lkel/ij dor/ma t6r/61 52-8 cologne lka lon/] 108-6 colon [ko/lan] 190-17

confused Ikan fydbzd/] 43-26 congestion lkan j6s/chen] 1 10-7 Congress Ikiing/gras] 138-2, 198-6

1


lndex congressperson Ikiin/gras ptir/san] 138-4 CONSERVATION lkiin/sar vd/shan)

21A-219

correction Ika rdk/shan] correction fluid lka 16k/shan flo-/adl r83-36 correction tape fka rdk/shan tap/] 1 83-37

Conserve Energy and Resources [ken stirv/ 6n/erje an relsorslaz]219

cost lkost]

console Ikin/s6l] 232-3

27-7,122-1

crewneck [kro-o/ ndk] 95-7 crew socks Ikro-o/siiks/] 9l 21

-8

4-23

crime [krim] 142 * CRIME lkrim] 142

construction paper Iken strUk/shan pa/par] 232-1 2

couch lkowch] 56-1 8 <ough lkofl 1r0-A cough syrup [k6f/ sir/ep,

construction site Ikan str[k/shan sftl]126-2 construction worker

council Ikown/sal] 139-27 councilperson Ikown/sel p0r/san] 139-28

crocodile lkrak/a dil/l 2l 3-37

counselor Ikown I sler] 5-6, 172-1 0

Crops lkriips] 177

CONSTRUCTION lkan strik/shan] 178

count Ikownt] 84-A

cross [kros]

Construction Worker Iken strik/shan wiir/kar] 92 contact Iken/tdkt] 1 46-2

counter [kown/ter] 54-22,

construction Ikan strik/shen]

lkan strik/shan wtir/kad 178-1

contact lenses lkan/tdkt l6n/zazl 1 15-8 container Ikon ta I natl 7 4-5, 7 4-1 7, 7 8-4 CONTAINERS AND PACKAGING

-sirt-]113-29

crossing [kr6/sinS]

crown lkrown] 119-9 crucible tongs [kro-/sa bel tiingz/ , -t6ngzll195-44

couple Ikil/pal] 35-20, 35-21, 239-4 coupons Iko-o/ponz/] 57-1 5

convenience store fkan vEn/yans stor/] 128-3 convention center Ikan v6n/shan sEn/ter] 127-24

courier lkrir/d ar, ko-or/-] 1 58-40

convertible Ikan viir/ta bel] f 56-5 conveyer belt [kan valar b6lt/] 175-16 convict fkan/vikt

convict lkan vikt ll 1 41-E cook [ko-ok] 185-1,185 + cook [ko"ok] 39 -Q, 7 6-C, cooked [ko-okt] 70-25

17

course lkors] 172-8,1a9 + court Ikort] basketball court [bds/kat biSlt k6rtt]229-7

cookie sheet Iko.'okle shett]7A-27

cousin

cool [ko-l] 13-5 cooler Iko-o/lad 225-1 9

cover

lkizlen] 34-9 [kiv/ed 158-9, 181-46

cover-up [kr]v/ar

copies of lD and credit cards

fkiip/â&#x201A;Źz av i/dc an kr6d/at klrdzll 146-19 copies of important papers lkiip/Cz av im port/ent pa/perzl 146-20 copy center [kii p/c s6n/tar]

ip/l 90-25

[se/pe/yo-/] 196-4 7 1 -9, 212-20

(opy [kiip/a] 8-E

cradle Ikrad/l] 59-20 crane lkran] 178-7

cord lkord] 14-2 bungee cord fbnn/jc kord/l 1 81 -1 5 cordless phone lkord/les fon/] 1 5-24

crash [krdsh] 144-3

extension cord lik stdn/shen kord/] frayed cord lfrad/ kord/] 179-5 power cord [pow/ar k6rd/] corduroy lkor/da royl] 99-1 1 core course [kor/ kors/] 189 corn lkornl 69-1 2, 177

1

1

81 -1 4

+

rdlll177-17

correct lke rdkt/] 1O-N

1

ice cream shop [is/ krCm shep/] 131-16

corn rows lkdml 62/133-14

corral [ke

m6n krem/l 1 17-1

shaving cream [sha/ving krCm/] 109-29 sour cream [sow/ar krEm/] 72-21

corned beef fkorndl b5fllTl-22 corner lkor/narl 128-7

creamer [kre/mar] 55-1 5

+

kip/] 75-8

curling iron fkur/ling i/arnl 1 08-1 7 curly hair [kilr/lâ&#x201A;Ź hdr/] !13-1 1 Iku

r/tnz]

57 -1 2,

58-7

customer service representative

lkis/ta mar-s0r/vas 16/pra zdn/ta tivl 167-20 Customs lkis/temz] 161

cutting board Iktt/in9 bord/] 54-27 cycling [si/kling] 228-5

ice-cream cone [is/ krem kon/] 79-1 3

-4

coronary disease [k6r/a nd/re di zezll 111

13-25

antihistamine cream

lin/ti his/ta

1/4 cup fkwor/tar

teacup ltC/kip/l 55-6 curb Lkiirbl 129-21

cutter [kut/ar] 183-22, 232-1 6 1

ice-cream lis I kremll 72-26

95-2

a3-24

cut [kUt] 91-10,110-13 cut [kit] 33-A, 109-N cut up [k[t/ lptl77-l cute [kyo-ot] 32-14 cutlets Ikit/lats] 70-6

crayons Ikrd/linz] 59-1 4 cream lkrdm] 24-1 6, 81 -41,

O,

customs officer Ikrls/tamz o/fa sat1161-17

62-4

coral lkor/al] 220-5

cuff [krifl l OO-9 cup lk[p] 7 5-2, 7 5-1

customer lkis/te mad 72-1, 94-4, 132-2, 164-2 customer service lkils/ta mar siir/vas] 97 ]

crab lkrdb]

cracked lkrdkt]

29-1 8

1

3-1 0

cubicle lkyoob/a kal] r82-7 cucumbers [kyo-/k[m berz] 59-10

curtains

coyote [ki 6/tC, ki/ov] 21 6*3 CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) [se/pC/arl] / fkdr/dE 6 po-ol/ma ndr/e-re sUs/a te/shan] 1 1 7-l 7 CPU

1 1

curved line [kiirvd/ lin/] 193-23 cushion [ko-o/shan] 56 +, 100-1 3

cow [kow] 215-1 cowboy hat lkow/boy/ hdt/] 92-1 8

photocopier [fol1e [i/p[ ar]183-23 copies / copy lkii/pEz] / lkii/pC]

54-1 3, 154-1 4, 154-1 5

cursor lkUr/sarl I 97-l 4

coveralls Ikr]v/ar olzll 92-8

co-op [ko/ep/] 52 + copier [kii/pe ar]

1

1/2cuplhdft kilptl75-9

tennis court [t6/nes kort/l 224-6

cookies Iko-ok/Ez] 73-38

cross out Ikrds/ owt/] 9-R

crutches [krlch/az]

court reporter [kort/ ri por/tar] I 41 - l 2 courtyard lkort/yerd/l 51 -21 food court lftod/ kort/] 131-15 Supreme Court lsa prem/ kort/] r38-1 1

O-C

crosswalk Ikr6s/wijk4 128-1 5

cry [kri] 206-8 cube [kyo-ob] 193-38

courthouse Ikort/hows/] 1 25-1 3 cou rtroom lk6rtl t diom I I 1 41 -7

tl 141-15

cross-country skiing Ikros/kin/tre rkgringl 227-3

country [kUn/tre] 52-4, 227 -3, 237 -27 country code lkin/tre kod4 1 5*33

continental Ikiin/ta n6nt/al] 1 98-6

vii rll I 17 -D, 7 5-C

crocus [kro/kas] 2t I -1 7

cross lkros] 1 28-A

contractor Iken/trdk tar] 1 86-5 control [kan tr6l/1 121 -27, 232-4

convert Ikan

criminal lkrim/a nel] 142 + crocheting lkro sha/ingl 233-25

3- l 8 counterperson lkown/tar pur/sanl 7 9-17 Counterperson fkown/tar pijr/san] 93 11

county fair lkown/te fdr/] 223-l 3 coupe lkoop] 156-2

lken t6/narz an pdk/ijingl 74

I

crew fkro-ol 176-1 ,176-4

crib Ikrib] 59-3 cricket Ikrik/at]

costume Ikas/to-m] 239-1 1 cotton [kat/n] 9a-1, 177-6

constellation Ikiin/sta la/shan] 205-14 Constitution lkiin/sta too/shan] 198-19

T

credit [kr6d/at] 146-1 9 creek lkrek, krik] 204 + crescent moon Ikr6s/ent moon/] 205-10

cyclist [si/klist] 224-2

cylinder [sil/an dar] 193-41, r95-38 cytoplasm [si/te pl6zm] 194-9 daffodil [dAf/a dilt ] 21 1 -25 daily [da/lc] 20-21 DAILY ROUTINES [da/le

ro- tenz/] 38-39

Dairy [ddr/e] 72 ,"daisy,.{dalzEl 21 1 -1 4

dince

tdgnsJ

64-A

dangerous ldan/jer as] 1 86-1 dark blue [diirk/ blo-o/] 24-10

253


I

lndex

I

Dashboard and lnstrument Panel

lddsh/b6rd/ an in/stra ment pdn/alj I 59 dates [dets] 20-1, G8-28 date of birth [dat ev bUrth/] 4-1 3

expiration date [6k/spe rdlshan datt]

1

12-7, 136-1

0

daughter ldo/terl 34-14 daughter-in-law [do/tar in l04 34 + granddaughters [gr'in/do/tarz] 34 +

birthday lbrirth/de/l 22-1 Columbus Day lka lr)m/bas dal22-15 daylight saving time [de/lit/ 5l/ylpg 1i1p/] 19-25

l6vlft da/l20-21

lndependence Day fin/da p6n/dans da/] 22-1 3 Labor Day fla/bar da/l 22- 4 1

Martin Luther King Jr. Day

fn{ol yirzl dall22-9

Presidents'Day Iprezla dents da/] 22-1 Veterans Day [v6t/ar anz dell22-16

1

1

19

department ldi piirt/ment] 95-7, 95-8 Department of Motor Vehicles ldi perthant ev mo/tar ve/i kelz] 124-4 department store ldi piirt/ment stor/] I 3l-1 3 DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES (DMV)

136-137 departure ldi piir/char] 161 -5, 161 -7 deposit [di pezlet] 132-3,132-7 deposit slip ldi pazlat slip/l I 32-4 11

5-5

sko-t/l 11 wurk/l 186-187 ofthe Week [dAzl av dha w6kl] 20-

DAY AT WORK lde/

it

skri/[ing klozt]96-97 ldiskri/bing h6r/l 33

Dining [di/nTng] 185 DINING AREA [di/ning er/e e] 55 dinner ldin/arl 72-28 dinner fork ldin/ar fork/] 83-28

dinner plate [din/ar plat4 83-1 8 dinner salad [din/er sdl/ad] 80-1 5 Dinner [din/sr] 81 diploma [da plo/ma] 40-3

lda rdk/shanz an mdps/, di-l 1 55 directory fda rdk/ta re, dt-l 1 31 -24 directory assistance

deaf ld6fl 32-1 2 Dealer [dâ&#x201A;Ź/lar] 158

designated drivers [dezlig ni/tad dri/varz] 143 ] designer ldi zilner] 98 +, 167-30,175-2, 176-5

DESCRIBING THINGS ldi skri/bing

thingzt]23

desert [d62/art] 204-4

lda r6k/ta rE a sisi tans,

dirty

desk ld6skl 6-7, 1 82-9

8f-38

Disabilities [di/se bi/la tez] 32 disagree [di/sa gre/] 12-L disappointed [di/sa poyn/tad] 28-4

circulation desk [sr.irlkya lalshan d6sk/] 1 33-2

DISASTERS [di/zds tarz]

desk clerk lddsk kltirk/] 1 84-1

disc ldisk] 231-27

1

front desk [frrlnt/ d6sk/] 1 84-1 2

discuss fdi skr]s/l 8-G

Desserts fdi zUrts] 81

disease fdizezl]

decimal point ld6/sa mal poynt/717-7

dessert tray ldi

Decimals [d6/sa melz] 17

destination [d6s/te na/shan] 151 + detector ldi tdk/ter] 51-29 detergent [di ti.irljent] 101-8

declaration [d6k/le 16lshan] declaration form [dEk/la ralshan fcirm/] 161-16 Declaration of lndependence

0

144-145

discipline ldis/a planl 36-K

December ldi s6m/bar] 21-36

zirtl tra/l 83-1

di-] 1 4-22

[d r.irlte] t 01-1 5

Desktop Computer [d6sk/tep/ kam pyo-/ter] 196

deck [ddk] 2a0-2

+

DIRECTIONS AND MAPS

design ldizin/] 175-A

decafcoffee [dC/kdf/ ko/fC] decay [da ket] 119-7

dining area fdi/ning 6r/â&#x201A;Ź a] 45-7 dining room [di/ning ro-m/] 82-1 dining room chair ldi/ning leem/ 6hs1/l 55-8 dining room table ldi/ning ro-m/te/bal] 55-9

DESCRIBING nnlR

DESCRIBING PEOPLE [di skri/bing pe/pal] 32

1

l7

DESCRIBING CLOTHES [di

dead [ddd] dead-bolt lock [d6d/bolt/ lAk/] 51-34 dead end [d6d/6nd/] 154-6

dealership [de/ler ship/] t 26-4 death certificate [d6th/ sar tifla kat] 4l -1 debate lda b6t/] 1 39-B

Dimensions fda m6n/shanz]

direct flight [da rdkt/ ftit/, di*] I 6t Directions lda r6k/shanz] 9, I55

depth [ddpth]'17-18

DAY AT SCHOOL lda/ 6t

DIFFERENT PLACES TO LIVE

diner [di/ner] 82-6, 185-9 dining [di/ning]

dentures [d6n/charz] 1 t 9-1 0 deodorant lde o/dar antl 1 08-5

depression [da pr5/shan]

Day [de] 18

lll-1

1,

1l

1 +,

1

19-1

1

Diseases ld\ zdlzazl 111

device [da vis/] 225-20

disgusted ldi skis/tad] 42-7 dish ldishl ss-1 casserole dish [kds/a rol dish/] 78-1 0 dish rack fdish/ rdk/154-5

decline [de klin/] l2-J

diabetes fdila be/tez, -tas] 1 11 -1 2 diagonal [di dg13 6s1, -5n7nal] 193-31 dial [di/al] 15-A, l5-E

decorations [d6k/a ralshanz] 240-1 deductions lde dik/shanz] 165-l 3

diameter [di dm/a tar] 193-37 diamonds [di/mendz] 233-29

dishwashing liquid [dish/wii/shing lik/wad] 6t -21

deed [ded] 4r -9

diaper [di/par] 37-8, 37-10 diaper pail ldilpar pal/137-7

satellite dish [5i/13 li1 di5[/] 53-6 soap dish [s0p/ dish/] 57-25

[ddk/la ralshan ev in/de p6n/dans]

deer [dir] 215-14 defendant ldi f6n/dent] 1 4l -5 defense attorney ldi f6ns/ a tiir/ne] defroster lda fr6s/ter] 1 59-41 degrees fda

916z

1

1

98-5

4l -4

tl 1 3-8, 1 93-26

delayed flight [da lad/ fltt/] tGt-30 delete lda let/] 196-C DELI [d6l/e] 7r deliver lda liv/ar] 1 1-G, 135-E

delivery person [da liv/a re piir/san] 167-21 dementia lda m6n/shal 1 1 t -1 8 demonstration [d6/man stra/shon] 122-6 denim [d6/nam] 99-7

254

digital camera [di/je tel kdm/re] 235-19 digital photo album [di/je tal fO/to illbam] 235-32 dime [dim] 26-3

ldi pert/ment av mo/tar ve/i kelz] / [de/6m/ve/]

[mar/tan lo-/thar king/ jo- nt yarditt] 22-1 0 Memorial Day [ma mor/e el dell22-12

Days

dental hygienist ld6n/tal hij6/nist, -je/nist] I t9-3 dental instruments [ddn/tal in/stra mants] I I 9-4 DENTALCARE [d6n/131 1a5111 119 Dental Problems [ddn/tel priib/lamz]

stepdaughter lstdp/do/ter] 35 +

NewYear's Day

ldi/frent pla/saz ta liv/, di/fa rent] 52 difficult ldif/i krj lt/] 23-24 digital ldi/je tall

dentist [d6n/tist] 1 19-1 Dentistry lddn/tas trC/] 1 I 9

day ldel 20-2

every day

denominator [de noma na/tad 192-6 dental [ddn/tel] dental assistant [d6n/tel a sis/tant] 119-2, 167-22 dental floss [d6n/tal flos/, -fl dstl 1O9-24

-w6/-]

disinfectant wipes fdis/an fdk/tant wips/] 6t -23 display case [di spld/ kis/] 94-5

dice [drs] 77-J

disposable [di spo/ze bal] disposable diaper [di spo/ze bal dj/par] 37-1 0

dictate [djk/tet] 8-N dictator ldik/ta/tar] 1 99-6 7

dishwasher [dish/wii/shar,

54-8, 83-1 4, 1 85-2

diaphragm [di/a fr5m] 194-19 dice ldisl 232-6

dictionary [dik/sha nEr/e]

dish room [dish/ ro-om/] 83-13 dish towel ldish/ tow/all 61-22

disposable gloves [di spo/za bal

-30,

7

-31

die [di]41-R

gllvztlg3-27

disposal [di spo/ zel] 54-7, 1 21 -31

dietician ldi/a tish/anl 120-l 5 difference [dif/rons] 1 92-8

dive [drv] 230-K divide [da vid/] 17-A,192-D di.v ing ldt I vin gl 227 - 1 2

different fdi/frant, di/fa rent] 23-1 6 DIFFERENT ldi/frent, di/fa rantl 28-29

diviqg mask tdi/ving mdskil 225-6 divorced couple [da vorst/ kU/pal] 35-21 DJ @et

jetl64-4


lndex DMV [de/6m/ve/] DMV clerk [de/dm/ve/ ktijrk/] t 3G-3 DMV handbook [de/6m/ve/ hdnd/bo-ok4 136,_1

do ldool 39-T do an experiment [do- en ik spdr/a mant] 195-B do crafts ldot krdfts/] 232-D do errands ldo-6 dr/endzl I 28 +

do manual labor [d-o mdn/yo-o al lalbar] l7O_D do not drink [do- net drink/] 1 12-F do not enter [do- nat/ dn/tar] 1 54-2 do not operate [do- niit/ dp/e rat/1112-E do not take [do- nAt/ tak/] I I 2-F don't be late [dont/ be/ latt] 174-E

21 0-1 5

t0t

dollhouse [diil/hows/j 59-1 6 doll making kit [dtil/ ma/king k-rt/] 232-13 dollar ldiil/ar] 26-7 dollar coin [diil/ar koyn/] 25-6 fifty dollars

lfifttl de?etzl26-11

five dollars

lfivl diiltarzl26-8

half dollar [hdf/ diil/ar] 26-5 one hundred dollars

[wln/ h i n/d rad ddl I arz]

downstairs [down/st6rzl] 51

26-1 2

domesticated lda m6s/te kd/tad]

2i5 +

DOMESTIC ANIMALS AND RODENTS

lde m6s/tik dn/a malz an r6d/ntsl 215 donkey ldeng/ka, ding/-, d6ngr-1 215-3 donut [do/nit] 79-1 5 donut shop [do/nrit shiip/] 129-1 7 door [dor] 45-3 doorbell [dor/b6l/] 53-14 door chain [d6r/ chan/] 5t -33 doorknob [dor/niib/] 53-1 2 door lock [dor/ lek] 159-25 doorman [de1/ppin/] 184-1 4-door car fforldor kiir/] I 5G-1 front door lfrilnt/ ddr/] 53-1 j

dorllSS-l

dry erase marker [dri/ i ras/ mertkarlT-17 drywall [drilw<ill] 17 B-1| 9 dry [dri] 50-N, 108-H

dryer [dri/ar] 5O-1 3, l Ol -4 blow dryer [blo/ driler] 33-23, I Og-t 8 dryer sheets ldri/ar shets/] 1 Ot -5 Dry Measures

]

ldrll mlzhterzlTl

duck [dlk] 7O-18, 214-12 duct tape ldikt/ tap4 1 8l -49

DOWNTOWN [down/tow6/] 124-125

dummy

[dih€]

duplex [do-o/pl6ks/] 52 + During an Emergency [do-/ring an i mi]rljen se] 147

dust [dist] dustpan [dr]st/pd nll 61-11 dust ruffle ldist/ rilf/al] S8-j 7 dust storm ldist/ storm/] I 3-1 9

dressmaker [dr6s/ma/kar] I 00-l dressmakert dummy [dr6she/karz dil/me] lO0-2 dress socks fdr6s/ siiks/l 91 -9 dress [drds] 35-H, t 74-B

dust ldist ] 60-A

dressed [d16st] 38-D

duster [d[s/tar] 51-1

dresser [drEs/ar] 58-1

DVD [de/ve/d€/]

Dressings [dr6s/ingz] 80

33-1 9, 234-11

1

dribble [drib/al] 230-J drill [dril] 178-9, 180-8 drill bit ldrit bit] 180-28

lde/v€/dC/ an s€/de/rdm/ d nv ll 196-9 [da/v6/de/ plat erl 56-7,234-10 dye [di] 33-D

drill [dril] 119-D drink ldrinkl 1 1-J

ear firl 32-1 7, 1 05-1

DVD player

eagle [e/gel] 214-9

[do-o/ net/ drink/ 5llka hol/] I t2-F don't drink and drive ldont/ drink an dw/] 143-G drink fluids [drink fl6-o/adz] I t +-C

drip [drip] 121-25 dripping [drip/in91 63- t t drive ldriv] 1 96-6, 1 96-8, 196-9 drive-thru window [driv/throt/ win/do] 128-1 driveway [driv/wa/] 53-8

1 I I -3 earmuffs lirlmrjfs/l 9O-1 3, 179-1 6 ear plugs lirt pl\gztltTg-15

pierced earrings Ipirst/ irlingz] 95-36 early Iiir/lC] r9-22 Earth lrirth] 205-3 1

drive ldriv] don't drink and drive fdont/drink an driv/] 143-G drive a truck [driv e trrik] I 7O-E drive through fdrrv/ thro-] 153-K drive to work [driv/ te wi.jrk/] 3g-l

earthquake [iirth/kwek/] I 44-5 easel fe/zall 233-1 8 east [est] 155-4 Eastern time [e/starn

]

lelze ch6t/156-22

an sd-optl77 eat letl 1t-1 eat a healthy diet lat a hdl/the di/atl t 1 4_F eat breakfast let brEk/fastl 38-E eat dinner [Ct din/ar] 39-S eat out [et/ s\ /1/] 82 +

1

Phillips screwdriver ffillips skroo/drilvar] I gO_3

1

screwdriver [skro-/dri/var] I 8O-30

eater [e/tar] 176-12 eclipse [i klips/] 205-1 6, 2OS +

edit [6d/at] 191-l

sliding glass door [sli/ding glds/dor] 53-18 storm door lstorm/ dor/] 53-10 2-door car [to-/dor kar/] 156-2

drop cloth ldrep/ kloth4 r8t-54 drop-down menu ldriip/ down/ m6n/yoo/] 197-8 drop off fdrip/ ofl] 3S-G dropper ldrii p/arl 1 95-45

eel [cl] 21 2-1 2

1

drown [drown] 116-l drugs [drigz] 116-K, 142-6 drums [drimz] 238-16 drumsticks ldrim/stiks/l 70-23 drunk driving ldrilngk/ dri/vingl 142-5

j

Easy Chicken Soup [a/ze chik/

driver's license number

drops ldriipsl 113-31 drought [drowt] 145-l

tim/] t 9-32

easy le I zel 23-23, 7 6-i easy chair

driver [dri/var] 152-21 ,169-61 designated drivers fddz/ig na/tad dri/verz] 143 driver's license [dri/verz lilsans] 40-4, 1 36-9 ldri/varz lilsens nrlm/barl 136-1

1

earache fir/ak/l I 10-3 ear infection fir/ in fdk/shenl

driving [dri/ving] 142-5 drop [driip]

double bed [dnb/el bddi] 184-14 double boiler [drjb/al boy/ler] 78-8

1

DVD and CD-ROM drive

revolving door lri viiltving diirl] 184-2 screen door lskrCn/ dor/] 53-1 5

dorm / dormitory [dorm] / [dor/ma tor/C] 52-8 dosage [do/sij] 112-6 double [dr:b/el]

100-2

dump truck [drimp/ 11[(/] 156-19 dune [do-on] 204-5

do not drink alcohol

ten dollars [t6n/ diil/erz] 25-9 twenty dollars [tw6n/te dal/erz] 2E-10 dolphin [d6l/fan, ddl/-] 213-31

garage door [ga rejt

put down [po-ot/ down/] 6-J sit down lsit down/] 6-F walk down lwiik down/] 153-D

drapes [draps] 56-1 6

DOCUMENTS [dii/kye mants] 40-41 doS [doS] 7 9-6, 21 5-1 1, 2t S-22

td6/ing dha lon/drel doll [del] s9-21, 233-2s

down vest [down vdst/] 90-14 drop-down menu [driip/ down/ m6n/yoo tl1g7-.g

draw [dro] 8-F, 1 1 8-F, 1 95-E drawer [drod 54-23, 5A-2, 59-6 dress [drds] 85-3, 88-5, 89-20

dock [dek] 17 5-1 5, 234-3 dockworker [diik/wti r/kar] f 67-23 doctor [d.ik/tar] 118-5

DOING THE LAUNDRY

dry [dril 10r -1 8 drycleaners [dri/ kle/narz] 128-2

drain [dren] 57-5 drama [dreha] 236- 1 2

don't litter [dOnt/ Ii/tar] 219-L don't smoke [dOnt/smok/] t l4-G

dogwood [dog/wo-od/]

down ldownl break down [brak/ down/] 152-D downhill skiing [down/hil/ 5ke/in g] 227-l down jacket [down j6k/et] 90-1 6

I I I

education

[6

jyo-/ ka/shan] r89-tZ

eggplants [69/plSnts/] 69-23 eggs [692] 66-7

eggbeater [69/b64"r,

tt-ro

eggs over easy ldgz olva( etzClT6-1 1 eggs sunny-side up [Cgz sr]n/e sid I irytl76-tO

hardboiled eggs [hiird/ b6yld/ pgzt]76-,8 poached e$gs [pocht/ 69zl] 76-9 scrambled eggs [skrim/bald 6gzt]

7

6-7

Eggs [692] 76

25s


I

I

lndex

eight [et] 16 eighteen [a/tcn/] 16 eighteenth [e/tEnth/]

employer [6m ploy I 3yl 1 64-4 empty [6mp/te] 23-10

l6

empty [6mp/te] 60-L

eighth [atth, eth] 15 eightieth [a/ters161 16 eighty [e/tc]

EMT (emergency medical technician)

[e/dm/tc/]

li mr.lrljan sC m6d/i kal t6k nish/anl end [6nd] 1 54-6

t6

elastic bandage [i lds/tik ben/dij] I r 7-1 2

elbow [6ubo] 106-12 elderly [dl/dar le] 32-3 elected [i lEk/tad] 1 39-C

/

t2t-32

endpoint [6nd/poynt/] 1 93-21 end table [6nd/ ta/6s11 55-1 4 energy [6n/ar je] 218-1, 21a-7, 21a-g bioenergy [bi/6 6n/arjC] 218-9

elected official [i l6k/tad a filshal] I 39-32

election results li l6k/shan ri zitltzl) 139-31

Energy and Resources [6n/arje an rdlsorlsazJ2lg

elective [i l6k/tiv] I 89 + electric [i 16k/trik] I 1 6-F electric can opener [i l6k/trlk kdn/ o/pa nar] 54-14

Energy Sources l6n/ar jC sor/sazl 21 8 engine [6n/jan] t 58-1 8, 1 97-6 engineer [6n/je nint) 167-13, tUr-rt

electric drill [i l6k/trik dril/] 180-8

ENGLISH COMPOSITION

electric keyboard [i l6k/trik kc/b6rd4 238-1 8 electric mixer [i l6k/trik mik/sar] 54-25

ling/glish kiim/pa zish/anl r90-l 9t mif/en] 80-5 enter [ 6n/ter] do not enter [do-/ net/ dn/tar] 154-2 enter data [6n/ter delta] 1 71 -B enter the room [6n/tar dhe ro-om/] I 1-A enter your PIN [6n/ter yar pin/] 1 32-E

electric shaver [i l6k/trik she/var]

1

09-26

electrical [i l6k/tri kall electrical hazard [i ldk/tri kal hdzlerd] I 86-6

l6k/tri

tap/l 181-43 trish/an] 62-9

electrical tape

Li

kal

English muffin [ing/glish

ENTERTAINMENT [6n/ter

tenhant] 296-237

electrician [i l6k electron [i 16k/triin] 195-30

entertainment center [6n/tar tan/mant s6n/tar] 56-5 entrance [en/trans] 1 64-l

electronics [i l6k triin/iks] electronics repair person

Entrance [6n/trens] 50, 1 21 entry-level job 16n/tre l6v/al jiib

li ldk triin/iks ri p6r/ pur/sen] I 67-24 electronics store [i l6k triin/iks stor/] I 3l -20

exclamation mark [6k/skla ma/shan merk/] l90-1 executive chef fig z6k/ya tiv shdf/l 1 85-7 Executive Branch [ig z6klya tiv brdnch/] I 38 exercise [6k/sar stzll 122-4

exercise [dk/sar sizl] 39-B 230-N

tl 172-1

Entryway [6n/trc wa/] 51

envelope [6n/va l6p/] 134-14, rc3-43 Li kwe/zhanl 192-1 3

+

ex-husband [6ks/ hriz/bendl 35 + exit [eg/zat, 6k/sat] 51 -25, 51 +, 1 61 -1 4 expensive lik sp6n/siv] 23-1 9, 97 -44 Experiment [ik spdr/e mant] 195

expiration date [6k/spe ralshan

dit/]

explosion lik splo/zhan] 144-4 exposed [ik spOzd/] overexposed lo/var ik spozd/l 235-34

underexposed Irin/dar ik spozd/] 235-35 Express Mail@ lik sprEs/

mal/|134-2

Extended Family [ik stdn/dad fam/lC, f5m/a le] 34

extension cord lik stEn/shen kord/] 181-14 exterminate lik strir/ma nat/] 62 + exterminator [ik strir/ma na/tar] 53-21 extinguisher lik stin/gwa sherj I 79-21 extra [6k/stra]

li l6k trlin/iks an fa teg/ra fel 234-235 elementary school [6]/a mdn/tr€ sko-14 188-2

equipment [i kwip/63n11 177-12, 179-4 Equipment [i kwip/mant] 179,183

extra small [6k/stra smol/] 96-1 ex-wife [dks/ wif/] 35 +

elephant [dl/a fantl 217 -42 elevator l6l/a valterl 5O-9, 131-21|, 1a4-9 eleven [i l6v/an] 16

EQUIPMENT [i kwip/mant] 231

eye

Equivalencies [i kwi/va len sCzl] 17, 7 5

embarrassed [im bdr/ast] 43-24

embroidery lim broy/de rC] 233-24 EMERGENCIES [i mur/jen s€z] t tG EMERGENCIES AND NATURAL DISASTERS

enands [6r/andz] 128 + eruption [i rip/shan] I 45-1 6

eyelashes li/l5sh/ezl 106-1

escalator [6s/ka lelter] t 3l -23 escape [is kep/] 56-2

eyelid [i/lid/] r05-10 eyeliner [l/li/ner] 109-36

escape route lis kap/ ESL

144-145

essay

emergency exit li miir/jan sd 69/zat,-6k/satl 51-25, 161-14 emergency medical technician (EMT) [i m0r/jan se m6d/i kal tdk nish/anl / [€/6m/te/] 1 2l -32 Emergency [i mtir/jan se] 146-147 sC

kdl/] 15

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

[6/6s/o/dl/] 1 89-1 4 l6s/al 190-4

[6s/a] 1 90 e-ticket [e/ti kat]

1

li mur/jan sE pra se/jarzl 146-147 [i miir/jan se ro-m/,5n/trens] 121 sE

wtir/ker] 93

80-40

eyepiece nl pcs/l 194-1 4 1

99-3t

fabric lfdb/rik] 98-1 5 fabric softener lfdb/rik so/fe nerl

evening gown fev/ning gown/l 89-1 8 even numbers le/van nrim/barz] 192-4

40-41 86-87

face lfasl 193-44 face mask lfds mdsk/l 93-32 face powder [fas/ pow/dar] 109-41 Face [fas] 106

factory [fik/ta 16, -tre] 126-3 factory owner lfdk/ta re o/nar]

1 75-1 factory worker ffdk/te re wur/kar] 175-3 Factory [fdk/ta rc] 98

EVERDAY CONVERSATION

FACTORY

[6v/re de/ kiin/var sa/shen] 1 2 evidence l6v/i dans/l 141-9

Fahrenheit lfdr/an fi1/1 13-1

emery board [6m/a re bord/,6m/re-] 109-32

exam [ig

emperor [6m/per ar] 199-3 employee l6m pioy/eJ 155-9

examine lig z6mlan] t l8-D,

tOt-6

Fabric Store [f5b/rik st6r/] 99

evacuate [ivek/yo-/ et] 147-K evacuation route livdk/yo-/a shon ro-t/, rowt/l 145_5 evening [ev/ning] I 8-l 9

EVERYDAY CLOTHES l6v/r€ da/ kl6zl

1

Eye [i] 106

61 -1 9

EVENTS [i vEnts/122,

1

eye shadow [i/shd/661

every day l6v/rC da/l 20-21

Emergency Room Entrance Emergency Worker [i miir/jen

ro-t/, rowt/] 146-3

Essay

emergency card [i miir/jan sE kiird/] 161-26

Emergency Call [i miir/jan

eye hook filho-ok4

[e/6s/61/] 189-14

ESOL

sC] 1 17-3

n 99-27,105-11

eraser [i ralser] 7-19,7-21

[i miir/jan sez an ndch/ral di zdslterz,-ndch/a rel-]

emergency [i miir/jan

extra large [6k/stre liir'/] 96-5

eyebrow [i/brow/] 106-9 eyebrow pencil [i/brow/ pdn/sal] lO9-34 eye drops [i/dreps/] 113-31

erase [i ras/] 1 0-M

ziml] 122-1,136-6

examination table lig zdmla na/shan td/bal] I t 8-7 1 18-E

,136-10

exploration l6k/spla ralshenl 199-8 explorer [ik spl6r/er] 199-9

equation

Email [€/mal/] 197

112-7

expire [6k/spir/] I 35 + explain [ik splan/] 12-M

ELECTRONICS AND PHOTOGRAPHY

eleventh [i l6v/anth] 16 elm [6lm] 210-16

3

executive [ig zEklya tiv] 182-5

exhausted Lig zolstadl 43

[6n/ar je an kiin/sar v5lshan] 218-219

electric pencil sharpener li ldk/trik pdn/sal shiir/pa nerl lg3-26

zimla ning ro-m/] I l8

Exercise Wear [6k/sar sizlwdr] 89

ENERGY AND CONSERVATION

Election [i l6k/shan] 139

256

Examining Room [ig

exchange [iks chanj/] 27-l excited [ik si/tad] 43-22

[fik/ta ra] r75

f5lir lferl 172- j 3,

223-13 fahtrial [fdr/ tri/al] 140-5 FAIR tferl 122-123

fall [fol] 2r-39


Index I fall [fdl] 4o-H, r 16-0 FAMILIES

[fim/lâ&#x201A;Ź2, fdm/a lez] 34-35

Family [fdm/le, fdm/a ld ] 34 FAMILY REUNION

ffam/le re yo-n/yan, fdm/a le] 44-45 famine lfdlmin] 145-12

Fish lfish]

fifty dollars [fiflte dal/erz] 26-1 l 50 percent lflfltC per sdnt/] 1 7-1 0 fighter lfilterJ

fisher lfish/ar] 167-1 7 fishing lfish/ingl 226-4

fi

[fiirl frim l, -fremt]25 +

fare [fdr] 152-2

Farm Animals [fiirm/ dn/a malz] 215 farmer [fiir/mar] t 77-1 3

lfiir/ming an rdn/chingl 177 Farmworker [fdrm/ wUr/ker] 92

fashion [fish/an] 88 +

ftag [ftdg] 239-8

a cavity

[fill

a kdv/a te]

]

rds/ta rent,

1

I 9-E

lfil/ pri skrip/shanz] 112 +

128-10

fine adjustment knob lfin/

FAST FOOD RESTAURANT

fi

lfdst/ fo-d/ r6s/ta rent, -rentl 79 fast forward lfdst/ forlwerdl 235-D

a

form/] 4

1

O5-1 6,

a

O-1 6

floor lamp lflor limp/] 55-15 floor plan fflor plSn/] 186-4

finish [fin/ish] 1 r 2-C, 230-T fins lfinz] 212-1,225-7

Floor lflorl 50

fire [fir] 1M-7,144-8 campfire lkdmp/firl] 225-1

stepfather lst6p/fedhorj 35-25 faucet [folsat] 57-6

fax [fdks] 17r-G

floral lflor/al] 96-25 fl orist [flor/ist] 1 3O-8, floss lflos, fliis] 109-K

flounder lflown/darl 212-l flour lflow/erl 73-29

fi refi

fire hydrant [fir hi/drant] 129-27 fireplace lfirlplas/] 56*1 3

o-

-t r, -rU

[f6lda ral gr)/vern mant, f6/dral] 138 feed [fcd] 36-C, r 76-D,177-D feed dog / feed bar [f6d/dog/ /

fedt ber4gg-20

ghter lfirlfil1s4

1

44-9, 167 -26

fire screen [fir skrCn/] 55-1 2

FLOWERS lflow/arz] 211

fire station lfir sta/shan] 1 25-1 2 fire truck [fir trrik tl 144-10

flu [flo-] 111-2 fluid [flo-/ad] 183-36 flute [flo-t] 238-1

first aid kit lfrirst/ ed/ kit4 I

I7-1, I 46-t 8 6ip/yoe al] t t 7-2

fly ttltl214-28 fly tflll l7o-F

First Continental Congress

fence [f6ns] 177-19

flyer [flilar] 102-1 flying disc lfli/ing disk/] 231-22 foam pad [fom/ pdd/] 226-1 3

lftirst/ kiin/ta n,5nt/ el kdng/grasl 198-6 first name lfrirst/ nem/] 4-2

fencing [fdn/sin g] 228-7

lflttCl220-4

first president [fiirst/ prEzla dant] 198-1

fertilize lfirtt al tztl 176-D

focus [folkes] 235-33 foggy lfolge, fiig t e] 13-20

1

lfilrst/ ad/] 1 1 7 FIRSTAID lfijrst/ ad/] 117 First Aid

foillfoyllT2-23 fold lfoldl 101-F folder lfolrd"4 1tt-to

FirstAid Procedures lfLirst/ edl prasel jarzl117

8

field tfeldl s-2,177-7

ballfield [b6l/ feld/] 224-1 track and field ltrdk/ en feld/] 228-1

fluid ounce [flot/ad owns/] 75-1

u

first aid manual [fiirst/ ad/

flor/] SO lfiirst/ li/sensl 1 37

First Floor [f0rst/ First License 8

fi

sh lfish] 66-1, 81 -29, 209-1 4

[fflten/] l6 fi fteenth [ffltcnth/] 1 6 fifth tffthl 16

goldfi sh [gOld/fish ll 21 5-1 6 jellyfish [j6/lc fish /1212-14

fiftieth lfif/tC ath] 16

starfi sh [stii r/fish

catfish lkdt/fish4

71

ll

-2

21 2-1 6

5

Flower fflow/er] 211 flowers lflow/erz] 208-7 flower bed lflow/ar b6d/] 53-20

fi reworks lf I w1rksll 239-7 first lfurst] 15

feel [fCl] 1 1O-C, I 10-D F E ELI NGS lf e I lingzl 42-43 female [fe/mal/] 4-18

-27

lfirl 6g/zat, -dk/sat] 51 + fire extinguisher [fir ik sting/gwi shai 179-21

feather [f6dh/ar] 214-4 feather duster [f6d h/ar dis/tar] 6l -1 f 6to 1,

67

fire escape lfir i skap/] 5O-2 fire exit

Februa ry [f6b/yo- dr I e, Federal Government

1

floss lflos, flds] 1O9-24

1

fax machine [fdks/ ma shen/] 183-21 feast [fest] 239-1 3

fifteen

flood lflnd] l4s-19 oor [flor] 46-6, 58-21, 179-6

fl

fingerprint lfing/gar print/l 136-5

1

2

Flight [flrt] 150 float lfl6t/] 239-2

Fingers [fing/garz] 106

fatherin-law lfeldhar in lol] 34-t grandfather [grin lfd/ dher, gritndl-]34-2

tire [hdv/ e fldt/ tir/] I G2-F

flea market [fle/ met/ket]222-6 flight lflrt] 161-30, 161 + flight attendant [flit/ a t,-6n/dant] 161-1

jr.isthant niib/]194-23

1 1

a flat

fleas flezl 63-25

fingernail [fing/gar nal/] 106-18

fat [fat] 32-7 father lfii/dhar] 3 4-4, 35-23

fever lfE/vad 1 10-8 fiction lfik/shan] 237-l

have

FINDING A HOME lfin/6inn e hom/] 49-49 ngers [fing/9arz)

pdn/al te/ve/] 234-7

flats lfldtsl 95-27

film camera lfilm kiim/ra] 235-21 find lfind] 160-F

-riint]

lflit/

flat screenTV lfldt/ skrCn/ tc/vC/] 234-7 flat sheet [fl5t/ shet] 58-1 3

the tank ffil/ dhe tdnk/l 1 57-G the tires [fi]/ dhe tirzl] 1 57-L

fasten [fis/en] l5O-H fastener [fds/nad 99-29

ferry

flat lfldt] flat panel TV

in [fi]/ in] 9-O out [fil/ owt/] 173-J

filling [fi]/ing] 119-8 Filling Out a Form [fil/ing owt film [film] 23s-22

fast [fdst] 23-3

fo-d/

fix ffiks] 62 +,219-F fixture [fiks/char] 55-t 8 flammable liquids [fl6m/e bel lik/wadz] 179-8 flashlight [fl5sh/l tttl 1 46-1 4

fill fill fill fill

FARMING AND RANCHING

ifltar wrjn/] I 8-7

five after one [fiv

five dollars lfiv diil/arz] 26-8

tfit]

fill

[fiirlmarz mtir/kat] 84-85

8

five lfiv] 1 6

file folder [fi] folldar] 183-50

fif l prescriptions

fashion designer [fdsh/en di zilnar] 98

fittings [fit/ingz] t8t-1

file clerk [fi] kltirk/] 182-10

fi[

71,212

fishing net [fish/ing ndt/] 226-17 fishing pole [fish ting pol/]226-18 fitted sheet [fit/ed shet/] 58-t 2

44-9, 167 -26

file [fi|] 183-44 file cabinet [fi] k;b/a nat] 1 82-l I

fare card lfdr kiird/] 152-1 1 farm [fiirm] 52-9 farm equipment lfiirm i kwip/mantl177-12 farmworker [firm I wlJrr/karl177-8

fast food restaurant lfdst/

1

figure [fig/yad 233-26 figure skating lfiglyer ska/ting] 227-5 figurine ffig/ye rdnl] 232-1

fancy [fin/se] 97-34

FARMERS' MARKET

refighter lfirlfi/tatJ

frgslfigz)6a-27

fan [fdn] 55-1 9, 229-4 far from

fifty [fifltc] rG

folding ffolldingl

' ^"

folding card table lfolr6inn kerd/ ta/bal] 102-4 foldihg chair tfdl/ding ch6r/l 102-5

folklfokl2tT-29 follow [fiil/o]

1 1

44,

1

47

-F

Following Directions ffiil/o da rek/shanz, -di-] 9

swordfish [sord/fish/] 71-5

257


I

I

lndex fteezinglffttzingl13-7

food lfood] baby food [be/bC fo-d4 37-4 canned food fftini/ feedl 146-9

French [fr6nch] french fries

French horn [frdnch/ horn/] 238-13

fast food restaurant lfdst/ food/ r6s/te rent] 1 28-1 0

food court [fo-d/kdrt] l3r-15 food preparation worker

[fotd/

fresh [fr6sh] 71-16

prii/sE 5sr] 54-26

packaged food [p6k/ijd fo-od/] 146-10 pet food [pdt/ fo-od4 72-5 FOOD PREPARATION AND SAFETY [fo-od/ pr6/pa ralshan an saf/tC] 76-77

[fo-d/ pri/sd

I

fried lfrrd] 76-6 fried chicken [frid/ chik/an] 76-1 fringe [frinj] 99-34

front desk

[frint/ i!5ft/]

184-1 2

garden [9iir/dn] botanical garden [ba tin/a kal giir/dn] 222-3 roof garden [ro-f/giirldn] 5O-4 vegetable garden lvdj/ta bel giir/dnl 53-27 ,177-14 garden [gerldn] 53-B gardener [gdr/dn er, giird/nar] 1 67-28 gardenia [giir dEn/ya] 21 1-1 8 gardening [giird/ning]

front door lfrrint/ d6r/] 53-l I

sar] 92

gardening crew [giird/ning kt66/J 176-1 gardening crew leader

front seat [frr]nt/ set/l 159-51 front walk lfrr]nt/ wok/l 53-2

Foods lfoodzl72,73 Food Safety [fo-d

Friday [frilda, -de] 20-1 3

Irog lfrog, fregl 212-25 front [frint] 25-7

FOOD tf66dl 79

Food Processor

garbage disposal lg1rlb\j di spo/zall 54-7 garbage truck [g iirtbij trlktl 127-22

Frequency [fre/k,rsn 5s/] 2O

[fo-d/ pr6/pe ralshan wilr/kar] 185-4 food processor

[frinchl ftzl]79-2

GARAGE SALE fga razht sal/] 102-103 garbage [ger/bij] garba ge ca n lgitr I bij kdn / | 53 -24

sef t@]76

lgiird/ning

kro-o

led/arl 176-4

FOOD SERVICE [food/sijy'vas] 185

Front Porch [frr]nt/ porch/l 53

GARDENING fgiird/ning]

foot [fo-ot] lO4-8

Font Yard and House [frrlnt/ yiird/ en hows/] 53

gargle [gar/gel] 109-L garlic [giir/lik] 69-30

footba I [fo-ot/ bol / I 229-

1 1, 231 -21 football helmet [fo-ot/bdl/ hdl/mat] 231-19 footnote [fo-ot/not/] 190-1 0 I

Foot [fo-ot] 1 06

for [for] 128-B,173-C forceps fforlsaps, -s6ps] 1 95-43

fork [fork] 55-3, 83-27, a3-28

Garment Factory [giir/mant fdk/ta re, f;k/tre] 98 garment worker [gdr/ment wtir/ke rl 1 67 -29 garter [ger/ter] garter belt [gar/ter bdlt/] 9l -1 6 garter snake [giir/tor snak/] 21 3-39 gas [g;s] 21 8-3 gas gauge fgds/gajl] 159-31

fuel injection system [fyo-/al In j6k/shan sis/tam] 158-1 7

full

]

forms lformz] 1 1 a-4, 1 34-1 9, 1 61 -1 6 formula fforlmya la] 37-3, 195-34

fortieth [forlte ath] 16 forty [forlt6] 1 6 forward [for/ward] 235-D forward button lfor/ward brit/n] 197-3 foundation lfown da/shen] 109-40 founders [fown/darz] 1 98-7 fountain lfown/tnl 224-5, 224-9

[fo-ol]

gas meter fgds m6/tar]

23-9,42-6

gas

funnel lfin/ell 195-40 funny photo lfin/c folto] 206-2 fur [ftid 216-1 9 furious [fyo-or/e as] 43

]

gas station lgds sta/shen] 125-10 gas station attendant

t6n/dentl 162-3 tdngk/] r 58-1 0 gate [gat] 50-16, 53-9, 161-8 Lgds sta/shan e

gas tank [gds

Gate [gat] 161

gauge [gaj] blood pressure gauge

furnished apartment [fUr/nisht e pert/mant] 48-3 furniture [fiir/ni char] 53-1 9 furniture polish [fr.irlni char piil/ish] 61:8 furniture store [fi.irlni cher stor/] 1 26-8

62-14

r59-46 shut-offvalve [giis/ shit/of vdlv/1146-4

gas pedal lgds p6d/l]

full-length minor [fo-ol/l6nth/ mir/ad 58-6 full moon [fo-ol/ mo-on/] 205-12 full slip lfo."ol/ sliptl9l-22 fumes [fyo-omz] 179-3

76

garlic bread [giir/lik br6d/] 81-28 garlic press [giir/lik pr6s/] 78-1 1

[fro I zan dinl ar]

fruit [fro-ot] 67-9 fruit salad lfro-ot sdl/ed] 8O-21 FRUIT [fro-ot] 68 frustrated lfris/tre/tadl 43-27 frying pan [f1iling pin/] 78-5

[forlastfirll 144-7

forklift lfork/lift/l 17 5-1 2 Form [form]4 Formal Clothes [form/al kl0z/] 89 former husband fforlmer hiz/band] 35 former wife [forlmar wif/] 35 +

72-28 frozen vegetables lfro/zen vdj/ta balzlT2-27

frozen dinner

Frozen Foods lfr1 | zan f dbdzll 72

forearm lforl:irm4 106-1 3 forehead [for/ad/, -hEd/, fii rl -l 1O6-2 forest lforlast, fe rl -]2O4-1 ,2O4-1t 'forest fire

frostbite lfrest/bit/] 1 16-G frozen lfrolzan] 63-1 6, 7 1 -17

1

[bl[d/ pr6sh/ar gajl] I r8-9

gas gauge [g5s/gajl] 159-31

oil gauge loylt gejtl 1 59-29 temperature gauge [t6m/pra char gaj/] I 59-30 gauze lgozl117-B

four lfdd 16 4-door car [forlddr kiir/] 1 56-1 2 x 4 (two by four) lto-/ bi for/l 181-19

fuse box lfyoozl biikstl 62-13

GEOGRAPHY AND HABITATS

fourteen [for/t6n/] l6 fourteenth [forltenth/] 16

fusion [fyo-/zhan] 21 8-l 0 galaxy [gdl/ak se] 205-1 5

Geometric Solids [je/a md/trik siil/adz] 193

fourth lfdrth] 16

gallbladder [goUbled/ar] 107 -44 gallon [gil/an] 75-5

geometry

game [gam]

get

Fourth Floor lfdrth fl6r/l 50 Fourth ofJuly ffdrth avjo- ltll22-13

Furniture and Accessories

fftir/ni char an ik s6s/a râ&#x201A;Źz] 59

gear shift lg:irt shlfttl 1s9-47

gel [j6l] r08-2,108-16 [jE

iig/rs

15

3n hd/ba

Ue em/a trel 1 92- l 7 geothermal energy lje/o thrir/mal 6n/erjel 218-7

tg6tJ

job [g6t/ e jiib/] 40-F

fox [fiiks] 216-1 5

baseball game Ibis/bol gam/] 44-2

get

Fractions [frdk/shanz] 192

board game [$g1d/ g!m/] 232-5 game show lgam/ sho/l 236-8

get a learner's permit

Fractions and Decimals ffrdk/shanz an d6/sa malz] 17 frame ffram] 58-4, 58-18 frayed cord lfrad/ kord/] 1 79-5

tteefftl122-7

Games [gdmz] 59

freedom [fre/dem] freedom of religion lfrd/dam av ri liljanl 1 40-3 freedom ofthe press ffre/dam av dha pr6s/l 140-4 freezer [fr6/zer] 54-1 0, 1 85-3

Garage [ga 1i7l't , -1i4tl 5O

258

GAMES [gemz]

a

lgdt/ a ltirn/arz pur/mitl 137-F get a library card [gdt/ e li/br6r c kaird/] I 33-A get a loan [96t/ a lon/] 49-J

video game console fvid/e 6 gam/ kiin/s6ll 232-3 video game control [vid/6 o gam ken trol/] 232-4

232-233 gang violence [gdng/ vlrs lans] 142-4 garage [ga riizhl, -ri)jtl 47 -1 4, 124-1 garage door lga rdzhl dorll 53-7

free speech [fre/ spech/J 140-2

tits/] 204

3

get an electric shock [gdt/ an i ldk/trik shek/] r 1 6-F get a speeding ticket [gdt/ a spe/ding tik/at] 162-C

get bed rest [g6t/ b6d/ rdst/] 114-B gâ&#x201A;Źt change tg6t/ chanj/l 26-4 get dressed [g6t/ d16st/] 38-D get elected [get/ i l6k/tad] I 39-C


I

get engaged [g6t/ in gajd/] 4r-J get feedback [96t/ fed/bdk/] I 9l-K get frostbite [gdt/ frost/bit/] I I 6-G

go to the grocery store lgo/ ta dha gros/ro stdr/, grOsh/rel 38_L go to the next line [go/ ta dha nekst/ lin] 196-D go to work lgol ta wr-irk/] 38-l

get good grades [g6t/ go-od/ gradzlllO-H get hired [gEt/ hird/] 1 73-L

get home [gdt/ h6m/] 39-R get immunized [96t/ im/ya nizd] t get into [gdt/ in/to-] 153-E

l4-l

grilled fish [grild/ fish/] 8t-29 grilled ribs lgrildt ribzll7e-Z grocery [gros/re, grosh/re] grocery bag lgr1st re begll

go under [90/ r]n/darl 153-A to-go box lta go/ biiks/J 82-5 GO

grocery clerk lgrosl re

67 -1 3

klirkll 72-4

Grocery Products [gros/re priid/Ukts] 72

[9c]222-223

GROCERY STORE

goat [got] 215-5 goggles [giig/sl2] 179-1

lgtosl re stiittlT2-72

goldfi sh [961d/fish /1 21 5-1 6

get off [g6t/ of/] I 53-J get on [gEt/ iin/, 6n/] 1 53-1 get out of [g6t/ owt/ av] 1 53-F

ground [grownd] ground beef [growndl bdft]7O-4 ground post [grownd/ post/] 134-6

golf tgiilt golfl 228-8 golf club [giilf/ klnb/] 23r-1 good [go-od] 23-1 7

get the title lgdt/ dhe tit/ll 1 57-E get up [g6t/ np/] 38-B get your license [g6t/ yar li/sans] I 37-l

group [gro-p] tt5-15 grower [gro/er] 1 77-13

Goods [go-odz] 73

guard lgerdl 141-3

goose [go-s] 214-13

get lost lgdt/ losttl 162-8 get married [961/ mdr/Cd] 4t-K

[gdt/ing yar fiirst/ li/sens] 137 [g6t/ w6l/] 114 gift lgiftl 94+,240-3 Get Well

girder [gtir/dar] I 78-3

evening gown fâ&#x201A;Źv/ning gown/l 89-18 hospital gown fhiis/pitl gown/] t2t-19

girdle [gilr/dl] 91-1 5 girl lgiirll 31-10 1

nightgown [nit/9own/] 91 -25 surgical gown f sii r/je kal gow n / ) 93 -37, 1 21 -38 GPS (global positioning system) [jelpC/6s/] / [gl6/bel pa zilsha ning sis/tam] I 55-l I grab bar lgreil ber/l 57-9

4a-A,

a4-s

glass [glisJ 53-1 8, 83-22, 83-23 glass cleaner [glds kle/nad 61-14 glasses [glds/az] p2-10,115-7 , 179-j0 sunglasses [sIn/glds/ez] 9O-27

global positioning system (GPS) tglo/bal pa zilsha ning 5i5/1srnl / [j[/p[/6s/] I 5S-1 gloves [glivz] 90-6, 231 -17 disposable gloves [di spo/ za bal

glove compartment

lgliv/

latex gloves lt./t6ks ghlvz/l surgical gloves lstir/ji kal

93*l+

gli:zl1121-39

1

bik/] 1 r-M

guest lgEstl 184-1 0 guest room [96st/ ro-m] 184-13 guest services [g6st/ si.irlves as] t 30- l 2 guest speaker [96st/ sp6f1"4 rO"-O

guinea pig [9in/C pin71,tt-tO guitar [gitiir/] 238-9 gums [gimz] l05-6 gum disease [9rim/ di 2gr71 1 tt- l

GRADUATION [grAjlo- e/shan] 206*207

graffiti [gre fet/te] 148-1 grandchild [grdn/child/, grind/-] 34 + granddaughters [grdnl do/ tarz] 34 +

gymnastics [jim n5s/tiks] 228-9 gynecologists [gilna kiil/ajists] 120 + habitat [hd/be tettl 194-12 HABITATS

Ihi/ba 1i15t] 294

hacksaw [hdk/so/] l8O-5

Grandparents [grin/pdr/ants, grAnd/-] 34

hail a taxi [hal/ e 15yr541 1 52 hailstorm [hal/st6rm/] t g-2i hair [h6r] 104-2

grandson [grdn/sin/, grdnd/-] 34 +

black hair lbldk/ hdr/] 33-1 6

grapes lgraps] 58-3

blond hair lbliind/ hdr/l 33-17 brown hair [brown/ hdr/] 33-18

graph [grifl 192-15 graphic designer [grdf/ik di zilnar] 167-30

gray hair [9rar h5r1

curly hair [k0r/le her/] 33-1

grasshopper lgrest hep / arl 21 4-24

hair clip [h6r klip/] t 0B-1 9

grate [grat] 77-G grater [g16lter] 78-2

9o past [go/ p5st/] 155-E go straight [go/ strat/] I 55-A go through [go/ throt/] 160-D

hair gel [hdr j6l/] tO8-1 6

gtay

hairdresser Iher/dr6s/ar] 167-31

gtal24-15

hairnet Ihdr ndt/] 93-25

gray hair lgra h6r/] 33-1 3

hair salon [hdr sa liin/] 131-18

grease [gr6s] 77-B green [gr6n] 24-5 sC]

go to jail [go/ ta jau] 141-c go to prison [90/ ta prizlan] 141-G go to school [90/ te sko-l] 38-J go to sleep [go/ te sl6p/] 39-Z

173-E

hair spray [h6r

sp

te/] rca-1|2

hair stylist lhdr sti/list] 167-31

green card [grenr 16164 4g-, green onions [gren/ in/yenz] 69-20

long hair ilong/ 651r1 33-t red hair [rdd/ hdr/] 33-15

greet lgret] 3-G, 171-M,174-H [gre/ting] 2-3

short hair [short/hdr/] 33-1 shoulder-length hair [sh6l/der ldnth/ hdr/] 33-2 straight hair [strat/ her/] 33-9

GREETING

greeting card lgre/ting kerd/l 1 34-1 grill [gril] s3-17

1

tt-'t,

gofor lgot farl157-J

go to bed [go/ ta bdd/] 39-y go to college [96/ te kel/ij] 4r-l

*

grapefruit [9rap/fro-t/] 68-6

go on fgo/ iinl 173-K go over [go/ o/var] 153-B

go to an employment agency lgol ta an im ploy/mant iiljan

I

gun [grlnJ 1 42-1 3, 1 81 -21 gurney [gOr/ne] 121-33 gym [jim] 5-1 9, 1 26-1 0, 1 a4-24

grandfather lgrin/fiildhar, grdnd/-l 34-2 grandmother [grdn/mridh/ar, grdnd/-] 34-l

90 [go] go back [go/

security guard [si kyo-r/a te giird4 I 32-5, I 69-55 shin guards lshin/ gdrdzll 231 -1 3

gutter [git/ar] 53-4

it/] 4o-D

graduated cylinder lgrdj/o-o a/tad sil/en der] 195-38 1

kam pert/ment] 159-44

work gloves lwiirkt gllvztl 92-j7, 179-17 glue [glo-] 183-33

[glo-/ stik] 232-1

grades lgredzl 1O-4

graduate [grdj/o-o

gllvzt]93-27

rubber gloves k[b/ar gh]vzll 6l -4

glue stick

National Guard [n5/sha nal gdrd/J 138-19

[gi/ vern mant en mi7 le tdr e sur/vas]l3g-139 governor [gri/ var netl 1 39-20, 139-21 gown lgown] 205-8

212-2 giraffe lja rifitl217-32

[g15dJ

Coast Guard lkost/ giird/] I 38*1 8 lifeguard |rf t giir d tl ZZS-I g lifeguard station liflgiird/ sta/shanl 225-21

GOVERNMENT AND MILITARY SERVICE

gills lgilzl

give lgivl 1 5-F, 122-8,

playground [pla/grownd/] 5O-3

Government lgril varn ment] 138-139

gift shop lgift/ shep/] I 30 +, I 84-5

glad

1

gopher [96/fer] 21 5-1 9 gorilla [ga rilla] 217-29 gospel [giis/pell 237-30

Getting Your First License

ndex

5

"

grilled [grild/J grilled cheese sandwich

lgrild/ 6hst/ s6n/wich, -sdnd/-l

wavy hair lwa/ve h6r/]33-10

-HAIR thdrl 33 SO-1

O

259


I

I

lndex

hatf lhdfl

high+ise lht t r1r11 r r, -'t t high school lhir s1o-u,, ttt-O

hay thel 177-18

half bath lhdf/ $;1671 57

r

hazard fhdzlard] 186-6

half brother [hdf/ bridh/er] 35-28

hazard lights [hdzlard lrts/] 159-36

1/2cuplhdft klptlT5-9

Hazardous Materials [hizlar das ma tTr/e alz] 179 hazardous waste Ihizlar das wast/121A42

half dollar [hdf/ dil/31] 25,-5 half past one

[[ifl

pdn/ rvrin/] l8*1

1

halfsister lhdf/ sis/tarl 35-27 half slip [hdf/ sllp/191-23 halibut steak fhil/a bet 5tak/l 71-6 hall [hol] 124-8

hallway [hol/we/] 5-10, 184-18 Hallway Ihol/we/] 51

ham [hdm] 70-9,75-5 hamburger Ihim/biir/ger] 79-1 hammer [h6m/arl 180-1 jackhammer [jdk/hdm/ar] r 78-9 sledgehammer [sl6j/ hdm/ar] I 78-23

hammer lhdm/ad 178-D hammock Ihim/ak] 53-23 hamper Ihdm/par] 57-1 hand [hdnd] 105-15, 177-20 DMV handbook [de/6m/ve/ hdnd/bo-ok] I 36-1

Hazards lhinlardz) 179 head [h6d] 69-32,

hiking boots Ihi/king bo-ts/] 95-31

r04-l

hills lhilz] 204-16

headache [h6d/ak4 r 10-1

downhill skiing [down/hil/ skeling] 227 -1 hip hop lhip/hiip] 237 -26 hippopotamus [hip/a pdt/a mas] 21 7-43 hire [hir] 141-B

headband lh6d/bind/l 90-3 headboard Ih6d/bord/] 58-1 0 head chef [h6d/ shdf/] 1 85-7

headlight IhEd/lrt/] 1 58-7 headline [h6d/lrn] 1 33-7

hired hand lh\rdt hitndll 177-20

headphones lhdd I f onztl 6-8, 234-4

history lhis/ta re] t t 8-4, 1 89-1 2

Historical Terms Ihis/tor/e kel ttirmz/] 199

headset [h6d/s6t] 14-1 3

HISTORY fhis/ta rdl

headwaiter [h6d/wa/tar] I 85-1 2 headwrap [h6d/rip/] 90-7

hit

letterhead fl6t/er h6dl 183-42

[ach/i/ve/] / [hyo-/man im/ya no di fish/an se vi/rasl

lo/var h6d/ kem

p;rthantl

161-1 3

handicapped parking Ihdn/dâ&#x201A;Ź kdpt per/king]

124-6,154-12 hand in lhdnd/ in/] r 0-O hanger lhdng/gad 10r-1 1 hang up lhdng/ r]p/1 15-D,101-H happy lhdp/01 28-6, 43-31 hard Ihard] 23-5,23-24 hardboiled eggs [hdrd/boyld/ dgzt] 76-8 hard drive lhiird/ drrv/] 195-6 hard hat therdt

hi)tt|92-1,179-9

HOBBIES AND GAMES fhiib/ez an

hockey Ihek/e] 229-1 3

heart [hert] 1 07 -38,

11

ski hat [ska/

hit/] 90-1 hit/] 9O-23 1

have [hdv] have a baby [hiv/ a [6/[61 41-1 have a conversation [hiv/ a kdn/var sa/shan] I l-L have a heart attack [hdv/ a hert/ a tdk/] I 1 6-D

11

t -1

lhom/ im pro-v/ment stor/1127-20 1 58-33 homesick Ihom/sik/] 43-20 homemaker [hom/ma/kar]

HOME fhoml a6-47,48-49 honeybee [hin/e be/] 214-25

1

l06-24

hood [ho-od] 158-4 Hood [ho-od] 158

high heels lhlt helztla9-21,95-25 height fhitl 17 -i 6, 3z-s

hoof/ hooves

Height [hit] 32 Heimlich maneuver fhim/lik me no-/var] 117-18 helicopter [hdl/e k;p/tar] 151-9

[ho-ofl

hook [ho-ok] 1 80-39,

/ 1

lho*ovz]

216-17

80-40

hook and eye [ho-ok/ en i/] 99-27 hook and loop fastener

helmet [h6l/mat] 93-23, 231 -1 9

[ho-ok/ an

lo-p/ fil5sn atl99-29

help [h6lp] 8-J,147-G Help with Health Problems

horn [horn] 1 59-32, 21 6-21, 23A4 1 French horn [fr6nch/ horn] 238-1 3

[h6lp/ with/ hdlth/ preb/lamz] I 15 hem [h6m] 100-8 hen [hdn] 21 5-8

horse lhorsl 21 5-4

herbs lrirbz, htirbz] 84-9

horror story [hdr/ar stor/e, hdrt-]237-17 horseback riding Ihors/b6k rildin9] 226-9 horse racing [hors/ ralsing] 228-1 9 seahorse [se/hors/] 21 2-1 3

hibiscus fhi bis/kes, hi-] 211-12

hose [hoz] 53-21,91-18

hide [hrd] 24o-D

hospital [has/pitl] 125-9, r54-18 .'rhospital bed thiis/pi tt b6d/l 121 -22 hospital gown lhes/pitl gown/l 121-19

high [hi] 91 -1 2, 97 -32, 188-3 high blood pressure [hi/ blnd/ pr6sh/ar] I I high chair [hr/ cher/] 37-6,82-3 high heels lhit h1lztla9-21,95-25

260

home health care aide [hom/ hdhh/ k6r ad] 1 67-32 home improvement store

heater Ihe/ter] I 59-40

[hiv/ en a lur/jik re 6k/shan] 1 16-E have a picnic [hdv/ a p;1rn;11 2rO-O have dinner Ihdv/ fliprs4 39-5 [hiv/ 169/ya lar ch6k/ups] 1 14-H

jl2l] 239 holly lhiil/el 210-19 home [hom] 52-7, 52-12

heating pad [he/ting pdd/] 113-13 heat wave [het/ wav/] 13-'13

herbal tea ltir/bal te/, hiir/bel-] 81-40

Hawaii-Aleutian time fha wi/e a lo-/shen tim/] t 9-27

Holidays lhal I a daztl 22 HOLIDAYS [hiil/a

1

have an allergic reaction

have regular checkups

pot holders well h6l/dar47a-29

6-D, 239-6

heart disease lhert/ di zCzl] hearts Iherts] 233-31

heel [hel] 94-22,

straw hat lstro/

cell phone holder [s,il/ fOn/ hold/ar] 94-15 magazine holder Imdg/a zenl hOld/ar] 56-23

hearing aid lhir/ing ad/] 1 1 5-1 0 hearing impaired lhir/ing im pdrd/l 32-1 2 hearipg loss lhir/ing l6s/] 1 15-2

harvest [hdr/vast]

cowboy hat Ikow/boy/ hdt/] 92-1 8 hard hat lhiirdt hittl92-l,179-9

1

hold lhold] 36-4 holder Ihol/dar]

toothbrush holder [to-th/brr]sh/ h6ld/arl 57-22 holiday [hiil/a dd tl22-7,22-e

heavy [hev/e] 23-1 3, 32-7, 97 -27

chef's hat [sh6fs/ hdt/] 93-28

gamztl232-233

candle holder lkdn/dl hol/darl 56-21

Health Problems [hdlth/ preb/lamz] I t 5

hedge clippers lhdjl klip/ arz) 176-1

-B

form/] I t 8-4

hear [hir] 106-8 hearing Ihir/ing]

harmonica lhiir mii/ ni ka] 238-21 177

hockey stick lhak/e stik/] 231-1 re

HEALTH [h6tth] r 14-1 r

hardware store [h6rd/w6r/stor/] 1 48-4

hash browns fhdsh/ brownz/] 8O-3 hats lhdts] 90-1,95-1 1

I I -1 7

overhead projector [o/var h6d/pra j6k/tar] 7-1 6

lh6lth/ in sho-or/ans kiird/l I 1 8-3 s HEALTH FAIR [hdlth/ fer/] 122-123

Hand lhdndl 106

1

Hi-Visibility safety vest Ihi/vi/za bil/a te vdst/] 92-4

wireless headset [wir/las h6d/s6t] 14-14

handsaw [h;nd/so/]

8O-4

[h-rt]

overhead compartment

health Ih6lth] 167-32 health history form lhdlth/ his/ta health insurance card

1

198-199

230*B HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)

handbag lhdndt bAg/l 87 -9, 94-2 handbrake lhdnd/ brek/] 59-48 handcuffs [hdnd/kifs/] r 4l-2 handset Ihdnd/s6t] 14-1 hand towel lhend tow/al] 57-1 5 hand truck lhdnd tn]k/l 1 75-1 1

highway [hi/wa] 155-9 highway marker [hi/wa mdr/kar] 154-17 hiking [hi/king] 226-7

1

-l

4

HOSPITAL 16;5/pi tlJ

120-121

Hospital Room fhds/pitl 1q-orn/] 121


lndex Hospital Staff [hd5/pi tl stdf/]

1

20

ice pack [is/

hostess Iho/stas] 82-2

pik/]

I r 7-1 3

ink [ink]

lis/ skats/] 231-9 ice skating ltsl ske/fin91227-4 iced tea [ist/ te/] 79-1 2 ice skates

hot [hiit] 13-3,42-1 hot cereal lhdt sir/e el] 80-9 hot dog lhdt/ dogtlT9-6 hot water Ihat/ wo/ted 57-8

icy F/sCl

hot water bottle [het/ wo/tar bAt/l] hotel lho t6l/] 124-3

11

3-1 5

tdl/l r84 hour [ow/ar] l8-1

ink cartridge fink/ kiir/tr-rj] 183-45

inkjet printer fink/jdt prin/tarl 183-18 ink pad [ink/ pdd/J 183-46

l3-22

rD

inline lin/lin/] inline skates

ignition [ig nish/an] 159-33

inline skating [in/lin/ ska/ting] 228-1 0 inquire about benefits

[i/de/] r46-19 identity theft [r ddn/ta te th6fttj 142-9 illegal drugs [i l6/9al drr)gzl] 142-6

A HOTEL tho

insects lin/s6kts] 209-1

fil/na saz en child/ho-od di z1zl ezl111

courthouse Ikort/hows/] 1 25-1 3 dollhouse [dil/[era5/] 59-1 8 housekeeper [hows/ke/par]

1

[il/na saz en m6d/i kal ken dish/enz] lmmediate Family

housekeeping cart [hows/kC/ping kert/] 184-19 House of Representatives

li me/ de et fdm/la, -fd/melel 34 immigrant [im/a grant] 199-1 9

lhows/ av r6p/ri z6n/ta tivz] I 38-3 house painter Ihows/ pdn/tar] 168-46

immigrate Lim/a grat/l 40-C

1

I

INSIDE AND OUTSIDE THE BODY

lnside the Car [in/sid/ dha ker/] f 59

+

warehouse lwdr/hows/] 1 75-7 White House [wit/ hows/] 138-7

important [im port/ant] 146-19 improvement [im pro-v/mant] 1 27-20 be in shock [be/ in shiik/] I

1

fall in love [fiil/ in liv/] 40-H

fill in [fil/ in/] 9-O nO di

fish/an

sd

vilras]

/

ldcht rtvetl 111-17

6-8

+

hutch [hich] 55-22 hybrid Ihylbrid] 156-3 hydrant f hi/dran tl 129-27 hydroelectric power [hi/dro i l6k/trik pow/ar] 218-5 hydrogen peroxide [hi/drajan pe riik/sid] 117-9 hyena [hi e/ne] 21 7-30

hygienist Ihi jehist, -j6n/ist]

+

INTERNET

interpreter [in tilr/pra ter] 168-35 I

1

r

9-3

vyo-/ skilz/l 174 intestinal parasites [in t6s/ta nel pdr/e sits/] intestines [in t6s/tenz] 107-42 ln the Airline Terminal [in dha ln the Examining Room

independence [in/de p6n/dans] Declaration of lndependence

ln the Waiting Room [in dha wa/ting

[Tn

ld6k/la relshan avin/da pdn/dent 198-5 lndependence Day fin/da pdn/dans da/] 22-1 3

l-3

infectious disease [in f6k/shas di zezl] influenza [in/flo-o 6n/za] I I I +

hypoallergenic [hr/po 5l/arj,5n/ik] 108 + I beam [i/ bem/] 178-3

INFORMATION [in/far ma/shen] 4

krdmllT2-26

ice-cream cone [is/ krem/ kon] 79-1 3 ice cream shop [is/ kr6m/ shiip] ice hockey [is/ hek/C] 229-1 3

1

31-1 6

lin/tar s6k/shan] 128-129

indent lin d6nt/] 190-D

hypertenslon [hi/par t6n/shan] t 1 1-14 hyphen [[y/f3n] 190-20

ice [is]

NTERSECTION

INTERVIEW SKILLS [in/tar

inch linch] 17-15

infant fin/fant] 31-6 infection lin f6k/shan] I r

inhaler fin ha/lad 1 13-33 injection [in jak/shan] 114 +, 1 58-17 injured [in/ jard] 1 16-C INJURIES

[in/ja rez] 1r0

11

l4-20

lin/ter ndt/] 197

internist [in/11ir/nist] I 20-1 internship lin/tUrn ship/l 1 72-6

INDIVIDUAL SPORTS [in/da vijloo al sports/] 228

[hy/jcn] r 08-l 09

92-2

lnternet map [in/tar ndt/ mip] 155-1 2 lnternet phone call [in/tar ndt/ fon/ kiil]

.

husband [hdzlband] 34-1 3

8-3, 1 35-8 1

lnternet LTn/tar n6t/l lnternet listing [in/tar ndt/ list/ing] 48-1

in the middle lin dhe mid/l] 24-2 look in flo-ok/ inl 173-B move in lmoov/ in/] 48-F send in [s6nd/ in t1173-H take in [tak/ in/] r 00-D turn in ltiirn/ in/l I 9r -M walk-in freezer fwik/in fre/zar] 185-3

hurt [htjrt] 42-1 6, r I 6-C

11

integers [in/te jarz] 192-1, lntegers lin/te jarz] 192

intercom [in/tar kiim/] 5O-5 interest inventory [in/trest in/van tdrl e]172-11 international call [in/tar ndsh/a nel kol/] t5-35

frintl avl24-7

in style fin stil/] 88

hungry [hr)ng/gre] 42-5 hurricane [hrir/a ken/] 145-14

ex-husband [6ks/ hr]z/bandl 35 + former husband [for/mar h[z/band] 35

inspect lin sp6kt/] 147-N install [in stel/] 176-H,178-C

in love fin lJvtl42-18 in pain [in panl]42-11

humid [hyo-o/mad] f 3-15 humidifier lhyo-o mid/a fi/arl 1 13-1 1 humiliated fhyd-o mil/e a/tad] 43 + hummingbird [him/in9 brird/] 214-1 0 hump [himp] 217-51

7

instruments lin/stra mants] f f 9-4, 238 insulation lin/sa la/shan] 178-14

hand in [hdnd/in/] l0-O in fashion lin fish/an] 88 + in front of fin

1 1

trink/] 158

instructor [in strik/tar] 6-4 lnstrument Panel [in/stra mant p;n/el] 159

check-in kiosk [chEk/In ke/iisk/] 160-2

human immunodeficiency virus (HlV)

lnside theTrunk [in/sid/ dha

insurance [in sho-or/ans]

hug [hng] 2-E

ice cream ,j,sl

t -1 7

bubble in lbrib/lin/] 10-K call in [kil/ in/] 186-A check in [ch6k/ in/] 160-A

housing Ihow/zing] 52-1 1 hubcap [h[b/kdp4 158-9

HYGIENE

lnside the Kit lin/sid/ dha kit/l 11

in [in] 25-6

lhows/hold/ priib/lamz an ti pdtzt|62-63

fhyo-/man im/ye

lnsects [n/sdkts] 214

1

INSECTS [in/s6kts] 214

immunodeficiency [im/ya nO di fish/an s6] impaired [im p6rd/] 32-11,32-12

HOUSEWORK Ihows/w0rk/] 60

1

p6l/antl226-23

insert [in stirt/] 1 32-D

houseplant [hows/pl5nt/] 56-4, 21 1 -27 townhouse ltown/hows/l 52-6 two-story house [to-/stor/e hows/] 52 +

A HOUSE AND YARD fhows/en yiird/] 53 HOUSEHOLD PROBLEMS AND REPAIRS

O-1

11

insect repellent [in/sdkt ri

[in/sid/ an owt/sid/ dha bed/C] 106-107

immigration [im/a gralshan] 199-1 8 immunization [im/ya na zdlshen] I 14

House [hows] 49,53

1

insect bite [in/sdkt bit/]

ILLNESSES AND MEDICAL CONDITIONS

6A-34, 184-20

skets/] 231-1 0

lin kwir/ a bowt/b6n/a fits] 174 +

lllnesses and Childhood Diseases

house [hows]

[n/lin/

I+

111

-1 3

6rllin ti]r/ma nall 160

dha ig zdmla ning ro-om/] 118 y6-61y1/]

I

l8

into [in/to-, -ta] 153-E intravenous drip (lV) [in/tra ve/nas dripl] / lilvCtl 121-25 introduce fin/tra do-s/] 2-C,3-l introduction fin/tra drik/shan] 190-6 invention lin v6n/shan] 1 99-1 2 inventor [in v6n/ter] 199-1 3 inventory lin/van tor/ e] 172-11,172-12 invertebrates fin vr,irl ta brets/] 194-1 3 invitation lin ve tii/shan]

12-|,12-],64-9

.invitd'{in vit/l 1 2-H iris [i/ras]

?l I -16

iron [i/31n] 101-1 3, 108-1 7 iron [i/arn] 101-G

261


I

Index

I

ironed F/arndl 101-20 ironing board [i/ar ning bdrd/]

r0t-14

irritated fir/e te/tadl 64-6

keyboard [ke/bord/] 196-1 4, 238-1 Keyboarding [ke/bord/ing] I 96

island [j/land] 204-8

kick Ikik] 230-E kidney [kid/n6] 107-43

lV (intravenous drip)

kids bedroom lVJtdzt bdd I roomt) 47

li/vC/l / lin/tre ve/nas drip/] ivory fi/var eJ 24-16 ivy [i/v6] 210-25 jack tjdkl 1 ss-2a

1

2l -25

I

landmarks

jacket U;k/etl 9o-8 chef's jacket [shefs/ jdk/at] 93-29 down jacket [down/ jdk/at] 90-1 6 leather jacket il6dh/ar jdk/atl g0-q

fl5nd/ska/ping an giird/ningl I 76

KIDS' BEDROOM [kidz/ bdd/ro-om/] 59

1

60-2

kiss [kis] 3-K,36-P

large ilerjl

kit tkitl doll making kit [del/ me/king kit/] 232-13 first aid kit lfiirst/ ad/ l]tt/l 117-1 ,146-18

laser printer Ud/zar

96-4,96-5

eyelashes [i/ldsh/az]

l,"tt /

| 232- 1 4

last week

laugh ildfl 44-A

jasmi ne [62lman] 21 1 -22

KITCHEN UTENSILS [kich/an

jaw [joJ r06-4

kite Ikit] 225-2 kitten [kit/n] 215-10

jewelry

Kitchen lkich/en] 185

[o-/al

17

2-3,

17

job fair [jab/ fer] 1 72-1 3

knife lnifl 55-4,83-30 carving knife fkiir/vin g nf ll

steak knife lstak/ nif4 83-29

leader fle/darl 175-4

JOB SKILLS

knuckle

Lab ildbl 195

Judicial Branch [jo- di/shal brdnch/] 138

label ila/bell

juice [jo-sJ 73-32

prescription label [pri skrip/shan lalbal] I 1 2-4 warning label [wiir/ning la/bal] f 12-8

legal ile/gall

jumpsuit [jUmp/so]t/l 93-24

Labor Day Ild/bat sk6-ol]

Jupiter [jo-/pa tar] 205-5 jury [jtir/6] 141-8 justices ljIs/te saz] 1 38-1 2, r 38- l 3 kangaroo lkdn g/ga roo tl 217 -44 keep [kep] 28-B

-l 79-21

lss-9

key pad lk6/ pdd/l 1 4-5

pound key lpownd/ kC/114-7 star key [stdr/ kC4 14-6

262

188-3

datl22-14

pid/l r83-38

Legal Holidays lldt gal hdlt a dazl I LEGAL SYSTEM

shoe laces [sho- I le sez]

ladder

legal holiday ile/gel hel/a de/l 22-8 legal pad fle/gal

lace ilasl 99-9

junior high school fjo-n/yar hi/ junk mail ljink/ mal/l 135 +

key [kc] 51-30,

leaf blower llef/ bld/arl 176-2

lecture [6k/char] 122-9 left il6ft1 2s-1,1s4-8, rss-c

label ila/bell 9-V

wtrdz/l 8

leather jacket ilddh/ar jik/atl gO-+ leave ilevl I t -O, 38-N, 82- J,16O-J,171-P leaves / leaf ilevzl / tlCfl 21 0-6, 21 I -6

mailing label [ma/ling lalbal] 183-41 nutrition label [noo tri/shan la/bal] 122-8

July [o-o htl21-31 jump [jnmpl 230-l jumper cables [jim/par ka/belz] r58-21 jump rope l)tmpl fipt)224-4

2l-30

leaf/ leaves tlafl / tlcvzl 210-.6,211-6 leaf blower llefl blotarl116-2 leaking ile/kingl 62-: learn illirnl 40-E 5l -28 leather il6dh/arl 98-6

lab coat fldb/ kotrl 93-33

judge Unjl 141-6

235-29

lease ilEsl 48 +,

lab il5bl s-1 s

join ljoynl 143-L

LCD projector [6]/se/dar pre jEk/tar] 6-6,

Learning New Words flrir/ning no-o/

[nik/l] 106-17

koala lkd iilla] 217-45

17 2

lawyer llo/yarJ 168-36 lay ilel r 78-B layer cake ila/er kakl 81 -33

knob lniib] 1 94-22, 194-23 doorknob [dor/niib/] 53-1 2

fjiib/ s0rch/J 173 fdbt skilzt)17o

ketchup lk6ch/ep, kdcht kettle [k6t/l] 54-21

8-1 2

multi-use knife [mril/te yo-s/nif/ , milltt-l226-20 paring knife fpdr/ing nif/l 78-16

JOB SEARCH

June [jo-on]

7

knit top Inft/ tep/] 88-7

ljiibzl an i(/ya pa/shanzl 156-159

Job Training l16bt tr ant\ngl jockstrap ljiik/strdp/l 9l -6

ro-m/l 50 lawn ilonl 53-26 lawn mower Uon/ mo/erl 176-6

gl -12

knitting needles Init/ing ned/lz] 233-23

JOBS AND OCCUPATIONS

laundromat ilon/dre m5t/l 128-1 laundry flon/drel l0l-1

LAUNDRY ilon/drâ&#x201A;Źl 101

knit Init] 233-F

1t,

JOB SAFETY [jeb/ s614"1

latex gloves la/tdks glrivz/l 93-34

Laundry Room ilon/drc

knee pads lnelpddz/) 179-19

2-7

3

laundry basket ildn/drC bds/ketl 101-2 laundry detergent flon/drC di tUr/jentl I 0t -8

knee highs lne I hizll

jewelry department [jo-/al rC di pert/mantl 95-8 jewelry store [jo-/al re stor/] 130-2 jigsaw Uig/so/l 180-10

job tjebl 172-1,

yo- tdn/selz] 78

kiwi lke/wel 58-22 knee [n6] 106-20

râ&#x201A;Ź]

06-1 I

lSst/wCk/l 29-1

A KITCHEN [a kich/en] 54

jeans ljenz] 85-2, 92-1 9 jellyfish ljdl/c fYsh t1212-14

1

last name il5st/ nem/l 4-4

January [jin/yo-o d I e] 21 -25 jar l)atl74-2,74-14

jaywalk [jelwek] 128-C jazzUdzl23T-24

9

last !estl

late lletl 19-24

lal214-6

prin/tarl 1 83-1

lashes ildsh/azl

kitchen lkich/en] 46-5, 83-1 5 kitchen timer Ikich/en ti/mer] 78-18

jav

r89-9

language arts il5ng/gwij iirts/l

lantern il5n/tarnl 226-22, 239-1 0 laptop il5p/tap/l 196-1 6

Kitlkitl 117

janitor Uen/i terl 182-3

ziherl 1 76-5

languages il6ng/gwi jazl 189-1 3

-9

model kit [m;d/l kit/] 232-9 wo od wo r ki n g kit [wo-od /w ij r/ king

sports jacket [sports/ jdk/at] 89-1 4 jackhammer [jdk I hdm I arl 17 8-9 jack-orlantern [jik/a ldn/tern] 239-1 0

6nd/merks/l 220-1

LANDSCAPING AND GARDENING

king-size bed lking/sizr b6d/l 134-15 kiosk Ike/iisk/] 1 31 -22,

fl

landscape designer ildnd/skdp/ di

94-24

Leg and Foot

Idd/arl 178-2

leg gi

n

il69/

an fo-oYt

Legislature

ladybug ila/de bISt I 21 4-26 lake l6kl 204-1 3

legs ilEgzl 70-21,105-9

5

lamb shanks il5m/ shdngks/l 70-1 3

tOt

gs Ll6g t \ngzl 90- 1 2

ladle ila/dll 78-7

lamb [6m] 7O*14 lamb chops [6m/ chaps/] 7O-1

l)

le/gal sis/taml 141

fl

6/jas la/charl 1 39-23

leg of lamb 169/ av ldm/l 70-14 lemonade Idm/e nad/l 84-2 lemons lldm/enzl 58-7

lend ldndl 26-C

Lamb lldml 70

length il6ngkthJ 17-17, 96-17

lamp ildmpl 56-15, 58-25 lampshade [ldmp/shad/] 56 +, 5a-26

lengthen il6ngk/thsnl 1 g9-4 iens I lqpses l6nzl / l6nz/azl 115-8,235-23 leopard il6p/ardl 217-34

land flindl 160-K landlord fldnd/lord/l

51

-27

let out il6t/ owt/l 1 00-C


Index I letter

l6t/arl I 34-l 3

line cook

letter carrier ildt/er kdr/e erl 1 34-20 letterhead fl,51/er h6d/l 183-42

parallel lines [p5/ra

linen closet

LIBRARY fli/brdr el 133

liner

driver's license [dri/varz li/sens] 4O-4, 136-9

driverl license number ldri/varz lilsans nim/barl 136-11 license plate lli/sans plSt/l 136-12,15A-12

4l-8

li/sens]

renew a license ki nd-o/ a li/sans, -nyo-/-l 136 + taxi license ltdk/se lilsans] 152-22 1

1

20- l I

lidl 78-24

lieutenant governor flo- tdi nant

gi/

var narl 1 39-21

lrfl ifegua rd lhl t 1t)r

lifeguard station

d t

I 225-1 9

lhftgitdl sta/shanl 225-21

lifesaving device llif/s6/ving di vls/l

225t0

life vest ilif/ vdst/l 161-25,226-14

wildlife [witd/ LIFE |Tfl

ltf

tl220_3

LIFE EVENTS AND DOCUMENTS

09-36

Lines

-ja-l 91 +

illf/ i v6nts/ an da/kye mentsl 40-41

iliv set/l 56-1

low_fat milk [10/fd1/

6il[/] 8t_42

lower back ilo/er bektl lOT-29 lozenges fliiz/an jazl I 1 3-30

links flinkzl 197-10

lion ili/enl 213-33, 216-2, 217 -36 lip [lip] lo6-s

LPN (licensed practical nurse)

lipstick lip/stik/] I 09-38 Liquid Measures flik/wed m6zh/arzl 75

Ir/sanst prdk/te kel niirs/] 120-l I luqgage ilng/ijl 16r-18 luggage cart

listen lis/anl 5-C,

1

r

8-C, 1 74-K

lumber il[m/bar)178-17 Lunch il[nch] 80

litter ili/terl 219-L little ilit/ll 23-1 Linle League ilit/l leg/l 229 +

machine [me shEn/]

lung

ilingl 107-39

answering machine [6n/sar ing ma shen/] 14-1 7 ATM (Automated Teller Machine) lAttE/ 6mtl

live ilivl 1 40-H

fax machine ffdks/ ma shen/] 183-21

LIVE ilivl 52

liver fiiv/ed 7O-7

,107-40

livestock iliv/stiik

t1

living room ll\v ling r ooml 3

machine operator [me sh€n/ ap/a ra tar] 158-37 machine screw [ma sh€n/ skro-o/] 180-32

sewing machine [so/ing ma shen/] 98-13 sewing machine operator

177 -1 5

lizar d lliz I e r dl 21

1

47 -1 2

ro-m/l 56

fso/ing ma shen/ ap/e ralter] 98-14 stamp machine lstdmp/ ma sh6n4 f 35-I I vending machine [vdnd/ing ma shCn/] 152-9

- 40

llama ila/mal 217-25

daylight saving time [da/llt/ 5;/ying liyp/] 19-25 fl ashlight lfldsh/lit/] 145-1 4

load flodl 101-C loading dock flO/ding diik/l

hazard lights fhdzlard lits/] 159-36

loaf 116fl74-10,74-22

headlight IhEd/ lit4 158-7 light blue ilit/ blontl24-11 light bulb ilrt/ bulb/l 56 +

loafers Io/farz] 95-30

magnet [mdg/nat] 195-36 magnolia lmdg n6l/ye] 210-8

Lobby iliib/cl so

mail

meatloaf [met/lof4

light switch ilit/ swich/l 58-27 night light [nit/ ltttl3T-27 porch light fporch/ lit4 53-13

Machine lma shen/] 98, 132 r 75-1 5

1

81 -31

tail light ltel/ lit/] r58-13 traffic light ftrdf/ik lit/] 1 28-8

Logging on and Sending Email

21 1-26

limbs |imzl 106 +,210-3 limes flimzl 58-8

limit lli/metl 154-4 limo / limousine ili/mol / fli/me zenl line flinl 73-1

1

assembly line la s6m/ble linl 175-6

clothesline [kloz/lin/] 1 O1-9 curved line lkrirvd/ lin/] 193-23 headline Ih6d/lin t] 133-7

airmail [6r/mal/] 1 34-5 Certified Mail'lstir/ta fid mal4 134-4

s9-25

locksmith ilek/smith/l 62-1 lock fliikl r43-E locker ilii/karl 5-11 ,50-17

lil/el

Express

1

mal/] 135 + 1

28-l

3,

35-1 2

media mail lme/de a mal/] 134-3 overnight / next day mail

llog/ing iin/ an s6nd/ing e/mal, -6n-l 197

fo/ver nit/ / ndkst/ da/ mel/l 1 35 + Priority Mail' fpri/or a te mal/] 134-l

mail [mal/] 135-D

long distance call llong/dIs/tens kdl/l 15-32 long hair ilong/ hdr/l 33-3 91

-3

ilo-okl

look at ilo-ok/ ;t/, -etl 49-H, 1 57-A look for ilo-ok/ fdrtl / llo"okt farl 1 33-8, 1 73-C

look in ilo-ok/ inl 173-B look up ilo-ok/ lpl 8-A loop llo-pl 99-29

[ink/

mailboxes [mil/bdk/saz] 5O-1 1, 53-t,

lonely ilon/lCl 42-17 long il6ngl 96-1 8

long-sleeved llong/slevd/l 96-1 4 long underwear ilong/ irn/dar wdr/l

Mail' fik spr6s/ mey1134-2

junk mail

1

locket ilek/etl 95-35

look

rnig/s 2e6l] I 33-5

magazine holder lmdg/a zenl hol/darl 56-23

streetlight lstrct/lit/] I 48-3 string lights [string/ litzl] 239-1 8

work light lwiirkt lrt/11al-44 lightning lit/ilingl 13-1 7

magazine [mdg/a 2snl,

lobster iliib/sterl 71-l 0 local call ilo/kal kol/l 15-31 lock iliikl s1 -34,

/

[o/te mat id te/lar me shen/] 132

light ilrtl 23-14, 97-28 brake light [brek/ lit4 I 58-1 4

I

/

flig/ij kert/l 1 84-8

listing list/ingl 48-1 litter li/terl 148-2

LIVING ROOM fliv/ing

light fixture ilit/ fiks/cherl 55-1 light source ilit/ sors/l 1 94-21

[6]/pe/6n/]

lug wrench ilrig/ r6nch/l 158-22

lift trifu 1 1-E

lily

love seat

+

low il61 97-31 low-cost exam ilo/kdst ig zdmll 1 22-1 low-cut socks [6/kr]t/ seks/l 91-10

live music lliv/ myoo/zikl 84-1

212-213

+

I15-2

loungewear Iownj/wer/] 91 love ilivl 4O-H,42-'18

list ilistl 67-14

ili/sanst prdk/ta kal nrirs/l / [dl/p€/6n/]

l

1

lossil6sl

lotion ilo/shanl 37-13, r08-9 loud lowdl 23-11

|In/an klazletl 57 +

linzl 193 lingerie fliin/zha ral,

lose lo-ozl 229

lost child ilost/ child/l 144-1

liquids flik/wadzl 61-21 ,179-8

37

licensed practical nurse (LPN)

life

linzl] 193-25

fliherl

eyeliner [i/li/nar]

license ili/sansl

Imir/ij

16l

lprir/pan dik/ya lar hnzll 193-24 straight line [stratl ltntl193-22 linen ilin/anl 98-2

library clerk Ir/brer e kl0rk/l 133-1 library patron fli/brdr e pa/tren] 1 33-3

marriage license

so-o/ par

loose ilo-sl 97-30

93-20 vl zarl 175-4 1

perpendicular lines

librarian ili brdr/C anl 133-9 library fli/brer eJ 5-17, 125-1 5

lid

flinl

line supervisor

lettuce il6t/asl 69-l level ildv/all 172-1, 1 80-29

Llcense lli/sansl

ilin/ ko-ok4 93, 1 85 +

line segment ilin/ sdg/mantl

mailer Ime/lar] 183-40

mailing lma/lingl mailing address [ma/ling e dr6s/, e tdrds] 134-22 mailing label [ma/ling la/bal] 183-41 main office [mdn

I

olfas] 5-12

MAINTAINING A CAR [man/te ning a ker/] 157

maintenance [man/tn ans] 184-23 m;itre d'llna/tre dC/] 185-1 1 make lmdkl 156

*

263

I


I

I

lndex

make lmakl make a deposit [miik/ a di piizlat] 132-B make a disaster kit [mak/ a dizlis tar kit/] 146-8 make a mortgage payment [mak/ a mor/gaj pa/mant] 49-L make an offer [mak/ en olferl49-l make

a

wish [mak/

a

markers Imdr/karz] 7 -17, 7 -24, 1 54-17 market [miir/ket] 222-6 supermarket [so-/par mar/kat] 127 -18 MARKET

Imiir/katl 66-67

[m6d/i kel rEkardz t6k nish/an] 158-39 medical waste disposal

lmed/i

[mir/ij lilsens] 41-8 married couple Imir/ed ki/pal] 35-20

wish/] 240-8

medical records technician

kal wast/ di spo/zall

t2l-31

marriage license

MEDICAL CARE [m6d/i kal ker/] 118

Mars [miirz] 205-4

MEDICAL CONDITIONS [m6d/i kel ken dish/anz] 111 MEDICAL EMERGENCIES fmdd/i kal i miir/jen scz] 115

make copies [mak/ kiip/ez] 1 71-D make dinner tmeki din/erl 39-Q make eye contact [mak/ i/ k;n/tdkt] I 74-J

martial arts lmiir/shal iirts/] 228-1 Martin Luther King Jr. Day

make furniture [mak/ fiirlni chad 170-G make lunch lmak/ lUnch/] 38-F

mascara fmd skdr/a] 109-39

Medical Warnings Imdd/i kal wor/n\ngzl112

mashed potatoes Imdsht/ pa ta/toz] 81 -23

medication [m6d/e ka/shen] 112-3, 112 +,

Imer/tan lo-o/thar-king/

make the bed [mak/dhe b6d/] 60-F maker lma/ker] dressmaker ldr6s/m6/karl 100-1

homemaker

ffi

e6/rnl/131]

1

1

0O-2

58-33

MAKING CLOTHES Imek/ing kloz/] 98-99 Making an Emergency Call

kol/l

1r3-18,r21-20

face mask [fas/ mdsk/] 93-32

medium Ime/de am] 96-3 meet [met] 222-6 meet [met] 49-G,49-R

oxygen mask liik/sijen mdsk/] 161-24 particle mask lper/ti kal mdsktl179-14

rni5(/] 90-1

5

meeting room lme/ting ro-m/] 184-25 MEETING AND GREETING

mat [met] 57-3,57-28 placemat lplas/mdtl 55-1

melons [m6l/anz] 68-19 watermelons fwo/tar m6l/anz] 68-1 8

matches [mdch/az]

f6n/ kcilll 15-

meeting Ime/tingJ meeting place lme/ting plas/l 146-1

masking tape [mds/king tap/] 181-53

1

match lmdch] 9-T

l5

Medical Technician [m6d/i kal t6k nish/an] 93

Medication [m6d/e ka/shan] 1 13 medicine cabinet fm6d/a san k;b/a natl 57-20

ventilation mask [v6nt/al a/shan mSsk/] 92-7

MAKING ALTERATIONS fmak/ing ol/ta ralshenz] 100

se

22-10

surgical mask [si.irlji kal mdsk/] 93-36

3

fmi/king tn i 111ir/jan

jo-nlpr i7/l

catcher's mask fkdch/arz mdsk/] 231 -1 5 diving mask [di/ving misk/] 225-6

ski mask [skg/

Makeup fmak/rlpl r09 makeup remover lmdk/rip ri moov/arl 109-42 making lma/kingl 232-1

Medical Specialists [mdd/i kal sp6/sha lists] 120

mask Imdsk] 239-9

make progress fmak/ prii/gres] 10-G make small talk [mek/ smo[tok] 12-B

dressmaker's dummy [drEs/ma/karz dt/mE]

Medical Procedures fmEd/i kel pra se/jarz] 118

1

1

lme/ting en gre/ting] 2-3

membrane [m6m/bran] 1 94-6 Memorial Day fma mor/e al da/122-12

46-1 6, 226-21

matching Imi/ching] 28-3

memory card lm6m/a re kiird/l 235-20

male lmal] 4-17

Material [ma tirle al] 98

men / man [mdn] / lmdn] 3O-1, 30-4

mall [mol] 126-7

materials [ma tTr/e alz] 9A

Making a Phone Call lma/king

MALL [mol]

a

130-r3I

+,179-7

doorman [dor/min/] I 84-1 men's store [m6nz/ stor/] 130

Materials [me tir/e alz] 179

mallet lmdl/atl 180-2 mammals lmdm/alz] 209-1 0

maternity [me tiir/na te] maternity dress Ime tUr/na td drds/] 88-5

Mammals [mdm/alz] 213

maternity store Ima tur/na te sto1ll131-19 math lmeth] 189-10

MAM MA LS lmdm I alzl 21 6-217 manager lmdn/i jad 5O-8, 72-8 account manager le kownt/ min/ijarl 132-9

office manager [o/fas Manager [min/i jar] 92

MATHEMATICS Imdth/a mdt/iks] 192-1 93

Math Operations

min/ijar] 182-8

lmith/ iip/a ralshanzl 192

message [mds/ij] 14-18, 14-19

mayonnaise [ma/a nazl, mal a

manual [mdn/yo- el] .Manual Transmission

1

17

lmin/yo-

al trdnz mish/anl

messenger Imds/en jar] 1 58-40

measles lme/zalz] I

I59

1

l-5

microwave lmi/kra wdvll 77-T 7, 75

meatballs Imet/bolz] 8r-27 meatloaf [met/lof4 8r -31

MAPS Imdps]155

margarine Imiir/jar an] 72-20 marigold lmdr/e gold/] 21 1-1 3 MARINE LIFE, AMPHIBIANS, AND REPTILES

lma ren/ llfl dm fib/e anz an r1pltilzl2l2-213 Marines [ma rEnzl] 138-17 2,

1

90-1 3, 1 90-1 5

postmark lpost/miirk/]

1

34-24

microwave oven lmr/kra wav/ r]v/anl 54-13 middle [mid/l] 25-2 middle-aged Imid/l ajd/] 32-2 middle initial lmid/l i nish/al] 4-3 middle school [mid/l skd'61/] 188-3 mid-length lmid/l6nthl 95-l 7 midnight [mid/nit/] 1 8-21 Military lmi/la tdr e] 138

Meat [met] 70,76 MEAT AND POULTRY [met/ n pol/trC] 70 mechanic [ma kdn/ik] 165-8

MILITARY SERVICE [mi/la tdr e silr/vas]

Mechanic lma k5n/ik] 158 media mail [me/de a mal4 f 34-3

milk lmilk] 177-C

medical [m6d/i kal] 121-32 medical chart lmdd/i kal

charttll2l-24

medical emergency bracelet

[m6d/i

264

1

[m6/zhar ing erle a an vdl/yam, -yo-m] 193 meat [met] 65-2

March [mdrch] 21-27

90-l

l7

MEASUREMENTS [m6zh/er mants]

Measuring Area and Volume

1

microprocessor lmi/kr6 pra/s6 serl 196-4

measure [mEzh/ar] 17-C Measurement fm6zh/ar mantl Measures lmdzhlarzlT5

Maps [m;ps] 155

1 52-23 mice/ mouse [mis] / [mows] 63-28,196-15,215-18 microphone lmi/kra fon/] 234-18

Microscope Imi/kra skop/] 194

map [mep] 7-1 2, 1 55-1 2 Map lmdpl 13 maple [m6/pal] 210-1 2

meter ImC/tar] 62-1 4, 129-25,

measure lm6zh/arl l OO-1 7, 181-45

manufacture Imdn/ye fdk/char] 1 75-B

mark lmerk]

ninllT9-23

mayor [ma/ar] 139-26 meadow Imdd/o] 204-20

-2

merge lmtirj] 154-10

mattress fm5/trasl 58-20

maneuver lma no-o/vad 1 17-18 mangoes [mdng/g0z] 68-21

doorman [dor/mdn/] I 84-1 mantle [m;n/tal] 56-1 1

MENU [m6n/yo-o] 80-81 Mercury [miir/kya rC] 205-1 mess [mds] 64-8

May [ma] 21-29

manicurist [mi/na kyoo/rist] 1 58-38 man / men [mdn] / lm6nl 3O-1, 3O-4

menu [m6n/y06] a2-7, 197 -8 menu bar [m6n/yo-o barl]197-1

Math Problem lmdth/ preb/lamz] 192

mane [man] 217-49

]

Men's Underwear [m6nz/ un/dar wer/] 91

kal i mur/jan sC bras/lat] I 17-3

milk [milk]66-5,81-42 milkshake lmilk shAk4 79-14 mini [min/e] 95-15 ;1 mini-blinds lmin/â&#x201A;Ź blindz/] 58-8 minivan lmin/e vdn/] 156-8 minister lmi/ne starl 199-7

138-139


lndex

1

I

I

I

I

minutes lmin/atsl

l8-2

mirror Imir/ar] 57-16 full-length minor [fo-ol/l6nth mir/ar] 58-6 rearview mirror [iirlvyd1l mir/ad 159-35 sideview mirror [sid/vyd6/ mir/ar] 158-3 misbehave Imis/bi hav/] 44-B miss the bus lmis dha bUs/] r 52 missing

+

Navy [na/ve] 138-15

move in lmo-ov/ in/l 48-F move out [mo-v/ owt/] 48 +

neck ln6kl 96-8, 96-1 0, r 04-3

Movies [mo-o/vezj 237

Moving ln [mo-/ving in] 49 moving van [mo-/ving vdn/] 155-18

mixer Imik/sar] 54-25

mixing bowl Imik/sing bOVl 54-28,7a-31 mobile Imo/bCl] 59-5 mobile home [m0/bal hom/] 52-7

mow [mo] 176-A mower [mo/ar] 176-6

model [miid/l] 156 +, 16a-41 model kit lmiid/l kit4 232-9 model tra ins lm dd I I tr anzl I 233-27

multiply [mll/ta ph] r92-C multi-use knife [mil/te yo-os/ nif I , m()lltt-]226-20

Months of the Year [minths/ av dha yirl] moon [mo-n]

jebtl172-3 [no-/ mo-n/] 205-9

new job [noo/ new moon

mumps [mimps] lll-7 murder [mur/darl 1 42-12

Newfoundland time [no-/fan lend tim/, -fand-]

muscle [mris/el] 107-32

news lno-zl

NewYear's Day lnool yirzl

mushrooms lmitshl r oomzl I 69-27

6yee/2i[] 84-1

live music fl1y/

music store Imyo-o/zTk stoy'] 130-1

world music lwilrld/ myo-o/zikl 237-32

2l

295-9

6p/16-e61

new Ind6]

music [myo-o/zik] 64-3, 189-1 5

vital signs monitor lvi/tal sinz men/e tar] 121-26

In

]

network [n6t/wtirktl 173-A Neutral Colors Inoo/tral kill erzj 24 neutron Ino-/tr5n] f 95-32

monarch lmii/nerk, mii/niirk/l 1 99-4 Monday [min/dd, -dC] 20-9

monkey [ming/ke] 217 -26 month [mr]nthl 2O-3

neighborhood [na/bar ho-od/] I28 nephew [nEf/yo-] 34-19

net [n6t] 226-1 7 hairnet Ih6r/n6t/] 93-25

mug [mig] 55-7 mugging [mig/ing] I 42-1 I

rilval an di piir/char miin/r tarz] 161-7

negative integers In6/ga tiv in/te ierz]192-1 negotiate lni go/she et/] 1 57-D

mudslide [mnd/slid/] 144-6

molecu le lmal I i ky crol / 1 1 95-27

[a

needle plate lnod/l plat/] 98-1 8

Neptu ne

muffs lmr]fsl 179-16

baby monitor lba/be men/e tarl 59-7

necklaces In6k/la s6z] 95-1 0 turtleneck [trir/tl n6k/] 96-9

nervous Iniir/vas] 42-1 0 nest [ndst] 209- l 2

moisturizer lmoys/cha rilzarl 1 08-9 mole [m6l] 32-16

[min/e] 26

+

chezllTl-29 MP3 player [6m/pe/thre/ plat arl 234-2 muffin [mr]f/anl 79-1 6, a0-s muffler [mr]f/larl 1 58-16

monitor lman/a tar] 195-1 1 arrival and departure monitors

near [nir] 25

mozzarella cheese [mots/e 16la

modern Imii/darn] 199-2 moisttowelettes Imoyst/ tow/el 6ts] 146-12

MONEY

navy blue lna/ve bloo/] 28-5

needle [ned/l] 98-1 7, 1 00-1 0, 21 0- l 0, 233-23

movie theater [mo-/ve thc/a tad 125-6

8l-36

a Webpage

crewneck Ikrd-o/ndk] 96-7

movies lmo16/vezl 222-2

mittens lmit/nzl 90-10 mix Imiks] 77-R mixed berries lmikst/ b6r/â&#x201A;Źz]

Navigating

mouth lmowth] 104-7 mouthwash Imowth/wdsh/, -wosh/] 109-25 Mouth lmowth] 106

movement Imoov/mant] 1 99-1 6 mover [moo/var116a42

Imis/ing]9740

[n6/va gelting e w6b/paj] 197

mouse / mice lmows] / [mis] 53-28, 196-15, 215-18

dell22-9

newspaper Ino-z/pa/par] 1 33-6 news program [no-z pro/grdm] 235-1 newsstand Inooz/stdnd/] I 28-1 2 newt [no-t] 212-26 New Words [nto/ wLirdz/l 8

next In6kst]

Music [myo-/zik] 237 MUSIC Imyoo/zik] 238

next day mail ln6kst/ da/ mal/] 135

crescent moon Ikrds/ent mo-on/] 205-10

musician Imyo-o zish/an] 168-43

next to [n6kst/

full moon [fo-ol/ m6-on/] 205-12 new moon [noi6/ moon/] 205-9

mustache Imis/tdsh] 33-5

quarter moon Ikwor/tar moon/] 205-1

mussels Imls/alzl

1

Moon Imoon] 205 moose [mo-s] 216-1 mop [mdp] 61-6

mop [miip] 60-D morning [m6r/ning] I 8-1 5 mosque lmiisk] 126-5 mosquito lme ske/to] 214-22 motel lmot6l/] 126-12 moth lmdth] 214-21 mother [midh/arI 34-3, 35-22 grandmother [grdn/mridh/ar, grind/-] 34-1 motherboard [mIdh/ar bord/] 196-5 mother-in-law [midh/ar in lo4 34-1 0 stepmother [st6p/mIdh/ar] 35-26 MOTION [m6/shan] 153

mustard

Im

7 1

-1 3, 212-1 7

is/ta rd] 7 9-22

niece lnesl 34-1 8

nail [nal] 180-34 fingernail lfing/gar nAl/] 105-18 nail clipper fnal klip/ar] 109-31 nail polish lnal pel/ish] 109-33 sa 15n/] 130-3

toenail [to/nal/] 106 + name fnaml 4-1, 4-2, 4-4

nightgown Init/gownil 91 -25 night light lnttl lttt I 37 -27 nightshirt Init/shiirt/] 9l -28 nightstand [nit/stdnd/] 58-23 night table lnit/ ta/bal] 58*23 nine [nin] 16 nineteen [nin/ten/]

name tag lnem/ tag/] 92-15

napkin lndp/kin] 55-1 0, 83-26 narrow [ndr/o] 97-35 nasal Ina/zel] nasal congestion [na/zal kan j6s/chan] I I O-7 nasal spray [na/zal spra/]

next week InEkst/ wek/] 20-20

night [nit] r8-20 nightclub [nit/klib/] 223-1 2

nachos In;/choz] 79-Z

lnil

11

3-32

l6

nineteenth lnin/tenth/] 16 ninetieth lnin/te ethl 16 ninety [nin/te] 16 90. angle lnin/tC de gre/ 6ng/gal] ninth lninth] 16

National Guard [nd/sha nal giird/J 1 38-1 9

mountain Imown/tn] mountain biking Imown/tn bi/king] 226-8

Native Americans lna/tiv a m6r/a kanz] 198-3

no outlet [no/ owt/16t,

natural [ndch/ral/, nich/ar al/] natural gas lndch/ral gds/] 218-3

no parking [no/ pdr/king] 154-1

mountain lion [mown/tn ltl anl 216-2 mountain peak Imown/tn p6k/J 204-14 mountain range [mown/tn ranj/12O4-15 Mountain time Imown/tn tim/] 19-30

lni/sha nal piirks/] 220-221

natural materials lndch/ral ma tir/C alzl 98 +

208-209 nature program In6/char pro/grd m] 236-7 NATURE CENTER lna/char sEn/ted

1

93-26

nipple Inip/al] 37-2 no [n6]

motor [m6/tarl 124-4 motorcycle lmo/tar si/kal] 150-4

NATIONAL PARKS

+

to-, -ta124-9

nickel [nik/al] 26-2

mystery [mis/te rel 237 -20

nail salon

l9-34

no left turn [n0/ l6ft/ ti.irn] 154-8

-let] I 54-6 1

noise lnoyz] 64-5 noisy tngr/zel 23-11

noon [no-n] l8-16 afternoon ldflter noon/] I 8-1 7

265


t I

I

lndex 5rif/] I 20

north lnorthl 155-1

Nursing Staff [nti1/5lng

NORTH AMERICA AND CENTRAL AMERICA

nutrition label [no- tri/shen la/bal] 122-8

ln6rth/

e m6r/a ka an sdn/tral e m6r/e kal 2OO-2O1

nylon [ni/liin] 99-12

revolving nosepiece lre viil/ving nozlpes] 194-1 7 not lnetl

oak [6k] 210-1 7, 21 0-24

try on ltri/ :in/, -on/l 95-C turn on ltiirn/ iin/, -on/] 1 l-B once a week [wr]ns/a w6k/l 20-22 oncologist [ep/fte l3ji5t/] r20-5

obey [6 ba/] r40-C objective [ab j6k/tiv] 194-1 8 oboe [o/bo] 238-3 observatory [ab ziirlva tor/e] 205-21 observe leb ziirv/l 1 95-C

do not take [do-o net/ tak/] 1 1 2-D don't be late ldont/ be/ letll174-E don't litter ldont/ lit/er] 219-L don't smoke [dont/ smok/] 1 14-G

obstetrician [eblsta trish/en] 120-2 obtuse angle fiib/to-s ing/gal] 193-27

one-fi fteen [wU

occupational therapist [iik/ya pa/shan el thdr/a pist]158-45

one-forty lwUn/fbrltel 18-1 2 one-forty-five [win/forltc fiv/] 1 8-1 3

notebook ln6t| book/l 7 -27 notebook paper [not/bo-ok/ pepl

OCCUPATIONS [iik/ya pa/shenz]

et1 7

-28

novel lnd/vall 133-16 November [no v6m/bar]

21

-35

nuclear energy [noo/kl€ ar 6n/arje] 218-8 ucleus Ino-o/kle as]

1 9

4-7,

195

-29

166-169

one hundred fwrin/ hrin/drad] 16 one hundred dollars

off tofl clear off [klir/ ofl] f 0-l drop off [driip/ ofl] 38-G

one hundredth

nim/bar]

11

2-5

savings account number

[sa/vingz a kownt/ nirm/bar] SKU number

r

32-1

post office [post/ o/fas] 125-1

5l 134-135, 1 82-1 83

Office Equipment lo/fes i kwip/ment] 183

Office Visit lo/fas vi/zet]

1

official [a fish/al] 139-32,229-6 oil [oyl] 73-31,218-6 oil gauge loylt gejll159-29

prdk/ta kal nilrs/l / [6]/pe/dn tl120-11 nurse midwives [nurs/ mid/wivz] 120 + nurse practitioners [nurs/ prdkti/shen arz] 120 registered nurse (RN) lrdj/s 51s16 nrirs/]

nursery [n0r/sa re] nursery rhymes fniir/sa r€ rimzl]37-22 nursery school lnUr/sa r€ sk66l/] I 88-l

nursing [nUr/sing] 120-12 nursing home [n0r/sing [ern/] 52-1 2

+ / liir/6n/l

[win/ hin/drad par sdnt/] 1 7-8 [w[n/ hin/dreth] 16

fwin/ hin/drad thow/zand] l5 [w[n/ mil/yen] 16 one otlock lwin/ a kliik/] 18-6 one million

one-size-fits-all [win/siz fits/al] 96-6 one-ten [w[n/t6n/] I 8-8 one third

[win/ thurd/] 17-3

one-thirty [wrin/thiir/te] l8-1 1 one thousand [wr]n/ thow/zandl one thousandth

l6

[win/ thow/zanth]

16

one-twenty [w[n/twdn/te] l8-1 0 one way [wr]n/ wa/l 154-3 one-way trip

lwin/wa/ trip/] I 52-16

one whole lwrin/hol/l 17-1

quarter after one [kwdr/tar dfltar wrin/] ten after one [tdn/ dfltar win/] 18-B twenty after one [twdn/tC dfltar w[n/] onions IUn/yenz] 69-19, 69-20 onion rings ltrnlyen ringzllT9-4

l8-9

l8-10

online course [iin/lin/ kors/,

on

-] 172-8

opener lo/pan er] 54-8, 78-1 , 1 45-8

oil paint [oyl/ pant/] 233-1 9 oil spill foyll sp\ltl21a-17

ointment [oynt/mant] 1 13-24, 154-s

00 percent

only [6n/le] 154-7 On the Airplane ftin/ dhe 6r/plani I 161 open [o/pen] 6-G, f43-F

19

numerator [no-o/mer a/ ter] 192-5 licensed practical nurse (LPN) ili/sanst

26-12

online [5n/lin/, on-] online catalog [an/lin/ kd/ta log, on-] 1 33-l I

Office Supplies [o/fas sa plizl] 183

nurse [niirs] I 18-8, 168-44

nurse [nr]rsl 36-8 Nurse [nilrs] 93

/

OFFICE SKILLS lo/fas skilz/] 171

lnim/barz] 15

120-10

1

Office Skills lotfas sldlztl171

Numerals [noo/mar alz] 15

ddlt arzl

one-oh-five [win/6 fiv/] 1 8-7

officer [o/fa ser] 161-17 ,168-48

[so/shal si kyo-r/e te nim/bar] 4-15 Numbers lnim/barz] 16

surgical nurse [s0r/ji kal pi]15/l 120-9

vllv /] 146-4

post office box (PO box) [post/ d/fes biiks/]

OFFICE [o/fas]

1

[6s/ka/yo-/ nim/bar] 27-5

Social Security number

NUMBERS

1

turn off [turn/ ofl] 1 1-e 160-1, 174-G,219-G offer [o/fad 1 2-D office lo/fasl 164-3 main office lman/ o/fesl 5-12 office building [o/fes bild/ing] 124-2 office manager [o/fas min/ijar] 182-8 office supply store lo/fas sa pli/ stor/] 127-21

Office [o/fas]

n/ hrin/dred

17-2

one hundred one lwirn/ hirn/drad wr]n/l 16

[pe/o biiks/] 1 35-9 run for office [rrln/ far o/fas] 1 39-A

prescription number [Pri skrip/shan

fwri

[w[n/

one hundred thousand

get off [g6t/ ofl] 1 53-J take off [tak/ 6f/] 109-Q

odd numbers [od/ nr]m/barzl 192-3 phone number [fon/ nr]mi barl 4-1 1 , l5-30

forth/] 1 7-4

hef l]

18-6 October [ekto/bar] 21-34 octopus [ek/ta pas] 212-9 odd numbers [od/ nim/berz] 192-3 odometer [6 dam/e tad 1 59-28

number Inrim/bar] access number [ik/s6s/ nim/bar] 14-16

ldri/verz li/sens nilm/barl 136-1 1 even numbers ldv/en nim/barz] 192-4

one fourth lwiln/

[a klak/]

gas shut-off valve [g5s/ shUt/of

lchdk/ing a kownt/ nim/bar] 132-14 driver's license number

[win/ etth/, -ath/] r7-5 n/fflten/] t 8-9

one half

numb [nr]ml 119-C

apartment number le p;rtlmant nim/barl 4-6 cell phone number lsdl/ fon/ nim/bar] 4-12 checking account number

one eighth

ocean [6/shen] 204-6, 225-1

otlock

spiral notebook [spi/ral not/bo-ok/] 7-29

266

one [win] 16 five after one ffiv/ 5fl tar wrin/] 18-7 one billion lwiln/ bil/yenl l6

do not enter [do-/ nat/ 6n/ter] 154-2 do not operate [d66/ niit/ iip/ar aV] 1 1 2-E

not working Inet/ wi.jrlking] 52-1 note [n6t] 183-39 footnote [fo-ot/not4 I 90- 1 0

n

tim/, -6nl19-23, 16-29

overdose on drugs fo/var dos / ijn drigzl] 116-K put on [po-ot/ iin t , -i)ntl87-8, r 08-D 109-P

nuts lnuts] 73-36, 1A0-36

nose [noz] 104-6, 110-17

can't breathe [k6nt/ bredh/] 1 1 6-N do not drink [doo/ net/ drink] 1 1 2-F

on time f;n

Opening an Account [O/pa ning an a kownt/] 1 32 opera f ep/ral 223-1 1, 236-5 1

17 -1 0

OK [o ke/]

old [old] 3r -9, 31-1 0 omelet [am/lat, e/ma lat] 76-12 on liin, on] 25-1 1 get on [g6t/ en, -on] I 53-l go on [90/ en, -on] 173-K on-the-job training [en dha jajb/ tra/ning, -on]

172-7 on the left liin dha l6ft/, -on] 25-1 on the right liin dha rit/, -on] 25-3

operate liip/a

rit/l 112-E,17o-H

Operating Room [iip/a ralting room/] 121 operating table [ap/a ralting ta/bal] 121-40 Operations liip/a rll5[sp21 192 operator [ep/a ralter] 1 4-21, 9A-1 4, 16a-37 ophthalmologist

liiflthal mijl/a jist, -tha miil/-, iip/-]120-7 opinion [a pin/yan] 44-3 oposqgm [a pls/am, piis/em] 215-4 opponent la p6/nantl 139-30 optician [ep tish/an] 130-9


I

lndex

I

I

t

optometrist [;p t6m/a trist] orange [orlanj, e r l -] 24-4

1

l5-6

oxygen mask liik/sijan mdsk/] 161-24

oranges [6rlan jaz, ?ir | -] 68-5 orangutan [a ring/3 ling/, -t6nll217-39

Pacific

time lpe

sif/Tk

tim/] 19-29

pacifi er lpds/a fi / arl 37

pikl 7 4-9,

pack

order [orldar] 185-1 order puller forldar po-ol/ar] I 75-1 0

pa<k [p;k]

order [orldar] 82-D orderly lor/der lel 120-16 Ordinal Numbers f6rldn al ndm/barz] 16 organ [orlgan] 238-20

packaged food fpdk/ijd fo-od/] 146-1 0

1

2O

5-1

4-8, 7 4-20, 134-17

paper cutter Ipa/per kUt/ar] 183-22 paper dolls lpatpar ditlzll233-28 paper shredder fpa/par shrEd/ar] I 83-24

jing] 74

paper towels Ipa/par tow/alz] 54-3 sandpaper [sdnd/ pa/per] 181-56 toilet paper [toy/let pa/par] 57-17, 146-13

wallpaper [wiil/ pa/par] 59-8 parade lpa rad/] 239-1

foam pad [fom/ pdd/] 226-1 3 heating pad lhc/ting pdd/] 1 1 3-1 3 ink pad [ink/

paragraph lpdr/a grSfl] 190-3 parakeet [pdr/a ket/] 21 5-1 5

pid/] 183-46

parallel lines [pdr/a 16l/

knee pads lndl pddz/1179-19

+

steeFwool soap pads [st6l/wo-ol/sop/ sterile pad [st6r/el pdd/]

1

pail [pal]

out lkros/ owt/l 9-R eat out [Ct/ owt/] 82 + fill out lfil/ owt/l tZ3-J

37

-7,

61

1

parasites

pidz/] 6t-5

17-6

-7, 22s-8

PARENTING

liv/an kle/narl 61-3 88-6

overcoat [o/var kot/] 90-2 overexposed [o/var ik spozd/] 235-34

lpiir/an ting, pdr/-] 36-37

pain reliever lpan ri le/varl 1 1 3-26 paint lpant] 1A125, 232-1 0, 233-1 9 paintbrush [pAnt/brlsh/] 1A1 -22, 233-20

parent-teacher conference lper/ant te/cher kdn/frans, plr | -) 22-5 paring knife [pdr/ing nif/] 78-16 park [piirk] 223-1 0 park ranger lperkl

painter Ipen/tar] 168-46 Painter Ipan/tad 92 painting [pen/ting] 56-9

[piirk/ an platgrowndtl224

PARK AND PLAYGROUND

parking [piir/kingI 128-6, 1 54-1 1, 1 54-1 2 parking attendant lpiir/king a tdn/dent] 184-3 parking garage fpiir/king ga rdzht , -riij/l 124-1

pair of scissors [pdr/ ev sizlarz] 1 OO-1 6 paisley IpazllC] 96-26 pajamas [po jalm az, -jdt

tangtiatl220-2

park [piirk] 129-E parka [piir/ka] 90-9

-l

91

parking meter fpiir/king mC/tarl 129-25 parking space fpiir/king spas/] 50-18,128-5

-24

pallet [pe/lat] 175-13 palm [piimJ 106-1 5, 210-14

PARKS Ipiirks] 220-221

pan [p;n] 54-24 bed pan [bdd/ pin/] 121-28

parochial school lpa r6lke al skd6l/l 5 parsley Lper/slCl 69-28

cake pan [kak/

pin/] 78-26

pancakes fpdn/kaks/] 80-7 pie pan [pi/ pdn/]78-28

Partner [perthar]

roasting pan lro/sting pdn/l 78-1 3

parts [parts] 175-5

saucepan fsos/pdn/] 78-25

Parts

I

overflowing [o/var fl6/ing] 63-1 7 overhead compartment

pancreas Ipdng/kre as] 107-45

PARTS OF A CAR

[6/var h6d/ kem perthont] l6t -1 3 overhead projector [o/var hdd/ pre j6k/tar] 7-1 6 overjoyed lo/verjoyd/l 43 +

panda lpdn/del 217-41 pane [pan] 178-16 panel [pdn/al] 234-7

Parts

Parts

overnight mail lo/ver nit/ mel/] 135 + over-the-counter medication

Panel fpdn/al] 159 panther Ipe n/the rl 217 -40

Parts of a Sewing Machine

fo/var dha -kown/tar m6d/e ki/shan]

overdose [o/var

dOs/, 6/var dos/]

1

t

6-K

3-1 8

panties Ip5n/tez]

91-l

Parts

Parts

3

security pants fsi kyo-or/a te pdnts/)93-22 11

3

training pants [tre/ning pdnts/] 37-1 work pants [wi.irk/ pdnts/] 92-5 panty hose [p6n/tc h6zl] 91 -1 I papayas lpa pi/ez] 68-20

ofa Bird [perts/ av a bnrdll214 lpiirts/ av a kiir/] 1 5g-159 of a Fish [piirts/ av a fish||212 of a Flower fpiirts/ av a flow/er] 21 1 ofan Essay [piirts/ ev en 6s/e] 190 ofa Phone [piirts/ av 3 f6jl] 14

[p;rts/

pants [pdnts] 87-1 2

Over-the-Counter Medication [o/var dha kown/tar m6d/a ka/shan] owl [owl] 214-5 owner [o/nar] 1 66-1 1, 17 5-1 oxfords [e ks/fa rd z] 9 5-29

11

+

part lpartl 33-4 participate lpiirti/sa pat/] 10-B particle lpar/ti kal] particle board [piir/ti kal bord/] 181-20 particle mask fpiir/ti kal mi)sktl179-14

dustpan [dIst/ pdnl] 61-17 frying pan lfriling p;n/] 78-5 paint pan lpant/ pin/] 181-51

over [o/var] 76-1 1, 1 53-B

1-1 3

Parents lper/ents, pdr/-l 34

paint Ipant] 49-e 1 78-A, 233-E

OUTDOOR RECREATION [owt/dor 16k/râ&#x201A;Ź a/shan] 226 outlet lowt/16t, -lat] 58-28, 154-6,159-42 outlet cover [owt/l6t kuv/er] 181-46 OUTSIDETHE BODY [owt/sid/ dhe be/de] 105-107 oven fiv/enl 54-1 5, 54-20

1 1

painlpanl42-11,115-3

1

move out [mo-v/ owt/] 48 + outfit lowt/flit] 88 + out of focus [owt/ av fdlkas] 235-33 out-of-state contact [owt/av stat/ ken/t;kt] 145-2 run out of gas [rin/ owt/ av gis /] 162-E take out [tiik/ owt/] 9-Y 6O-Q,82 + work out [wilrk/ owt/] 230-N

[pir/e sits/]

parcel post lpdr/sal post/l 134-6 parentheses lpa rdn/the sezll 1 90-1 9

paint pan lpant/ pan/] 181-5 paint roller [pant/ 16llar] 181-23

get out of lgdt/ owt/ avl 1 53-F let out il6t/ owt/l 1 00-C

linzl]193-25

parallelogram lpdr/a 16l/a grdm4 193-33 paramedic fpdr/a m6/dik] 116-2

legal pad fle/gel p6d/l 183-38 shoulder pads [shOl/dar p6dzl] 231-20

cross

overalls [o/var olz/]

notebook paper Inot/bo-ok/ pal par]7-28 paper clip Ipe/per klip/] 183*31

pad tpidl bumper pad [[[rn/per pid/] 59-4 changing pad [chanj/ing pddtl59-2

blow out [d6/ ery1/] 240-C check out [chdk/ owt/] r 33-C

oven cleaner

7

PACKAGING Ipdk/a

Other lnstruments Iidh/ar in/stra ments] 238 otter [iit/ar] 213-35 7

rr-r t

packer fpdk/ar] I 75-1 8 packing tape lpdk/ing tap/] 183-32

organize lorlga nizl] 171-L,191-G organizer [orlga ni/zer] 183-49 ornament [drlna ment] 239-1 5 Orthodontics [orlthe diin/tiks] 1 1 9 orthodontist [orlthe diin/tist] 1 I 9-5

ounce lowns] 75-1, out [owt] 62-2

t,

49-M,162-A

package Wektijl

194-l

orthopedists lor/tha pe/distsl

-1 3,

backpack Ibik/p dktl S4-1'

organic lor gd/nik] 84-2 organisms [orlga nizmz]

1 17

[kii/pez av im port/ant pa/perz] 146-20 newspaper [no-z/pa/pad I 33-6

-24 235-26

orchard [orlchard] 177 -10 orchid lorlkid] 21 I -19

f

paper fpa/par] construction paper lken strirk/shen pdl par] 232-1 2 copies of important papers

7l-14

oysters [oylsterz]

1

. ".

*

av a so/Ing me shâ&#x201A;Źn] 98

Parts of a Tree lpdrts/ av a

tre/]

party lperrtgl 5a-, pasttpdsl 161-20 pasibook Ipds/bo-ok/]

32-1 0

1

21 O

.

passport fpds/p6rt/]41-10 pass [pis] 10-E, 137-H, 230-G

267


I

lndex

I

passenger [pis/an jad 150-2, I61-1 5

75 percent [s6v/an te

past [p;st] 155-E pasta lpes/ta] 57-1 2

0 percent ltdn/ per sdnt/] 1 7-1 2 25 percent ltwdn/te fiv/ par sdnt/]

fiv/ par s6nt/] 17-9

Phone [f6n]

1

7-1

pasta salad lpiis/te sdl/edl 80-20 paste Ipast]

Percents lpar s6nts/] 17

toothpaste [to-th/past/] 1 09-23 pastrami lpa stra/me] 7l-23

perfume [pUr/fyo*om/, par fyoTm/] 108-6 perimeter [pa rilme ter] 193-43

path Ipdth] 208-3, 224-3

period [pir/e adJ 190-1 Period lpTr/e ad] 198

Path [pdth] 172 patient [p6/shent] f 1 8-6, 1 2l -1 patio [pet/â&#x201A;Ź 0] 53-16

Phone Call lfon/ kol/l

1

l5

photo lfolto] 58-3, 135-4 digital photo album ldi/ja tel folto 5l/bam] 235-32 funny photo [frin/e fo/t6] 206-2

Percussion Ipar kish/an] 238

I

l4

Phone Bill [f6n/ 6i1r1 15

1

photo album

lfolto;l/bam] 235-31 photocopier [f0lta kap/a ar] 183-23 serious photo [sTr/e as fO/t6] 206-3

1

periodicals lpir/e 5d/i kalz] 133-+ periodic table Ipir/e iid/ik ta/ba11195-26

photographer ffa teg/re far] 206-1

perm [pUrm] 33-B

photosynthesis lfolto sin/tha ses] 1 94-1 0

patron Ipa/tran] 82-6, 133-3 pattern Ipdt/arn] 99-22

peroxide lpa rak/ sid] 1 1 7-9 perpendicular lines [piir/pan dik/ye lar Iinzl] 193-24

physical

Ipdt/ernz] 95 pause Ip6z] 235-E paw [po] 216-20

person IpUr/sen]

patio furniture [pdt/e o frirlni char] 53-1 9

PATTERNS

PHOTOGRAPHY lfe

appliance repair person [a pli/ans ri

assemblyperson [a s6m/ble piir/san] 139-24

pay stub [pa/ st[b/] 165-1 1 pay [pa] pay a late fine [pa/ a lat/ fin/] 1 33-E pay attention fpa/ a tEn/shan] 147-D

congressperson [kiin/gras pilr/sen] 138-4

pay

businessperson Ibiz/nas p0r/sen]

1

picker [pl/kar] 178-5 pickle [pik/l] 80-1

repair person fri pdr/ piir/sen] 62-1 0

pick up fpik/ np/l 0-t, 1 1 -E, 38-M, pickup truck [pik/Up trlk4 r 56-1 2

tO8-109

PERSONAL INFORMATION

[ptir/sa nal in/far ma/shan] 4 pesticide poisoning Ip6s/ta sid/ poy/za ning] 218-16

bel27

PBX [pC/ be/ 6ks/] 182-1 3

peaceful assembly Ipes/fal a s6m/ble] 140-1 peaches [p6/chaz] 68-1 0 peacock Ipc/kiik tl 21 4-1 4 peak [pdk] 204-14

+

pet [p6t] pet food [p6t fo-d4 72-5 pet store Ip6t st6r/] 1 30-6

pierced ear lp:i$tl itll32-17 pierced earrings Ipirst/ irlingz] 95-36

pi} lpigl215-2,215-14

pharmacy ffiirlme sE] 128-4

pedal [pEd/al] 159-45, 1 59-46 pedestrian [pa dds/tre an] I 28- l 4

pigeon [pij/an] 214-15 pile Ipil] s3-2s

Phase of the Moon lfazl af dha mo-bn/l 205

2-l l3

Phillips screwdriver lfil/ips skro-/dri/varl 180-31

phlebotomist [fli bii/ta mist] 1 21-29 phone lfon]

peephole Ipep/h0l/] 51 -32 pelvis Ipdl/vas] 107-50

cell phone holder lsdl/ f6n/ h6Udad

pencil sharpener IpEn/sal shiir/pa penguin [p6ng/win] 214-1 1 peninsula [p6 nin/sa la] 204-7

n

pilot [pi/let] 1 6l -1

94-l

5

cell phone number [sdl/ f0n/ nrim/bar] 4-12

cellular phone lsdl/ya lerfdn/] 14-8 cordless phone [kord/les fon/] I 5-24 headphones

lhldl f onztl 6-8, 234-4

penny Ip6n/c] 26-1

lnternet phone call [in/ter n6t/ f0nl kevl14-20 microphone fmi/kra fon/l 234-18

PEOPLE lpe/pal] 32

pay phone [pa/ fon/] 15-25,129-23

pepper [p6p/ar] 55-1 percent Iper sEnt/] 50 percent 1

3,

69-7, 69-29

lff/te par s6nt/] 1 7-1 0 00 percent [w[n/ hin/drad per sdnt/] 1 7-8

1

1

pin Ipin] 95-38 bobby pins Ibiib/c pinz/] 108-21

cell phone kiosk [sdl/ f6n/ kC/osk] 131-22

erlT -23, 183-26

pill [pil] r 13-21 pillow [pil/o] 56-2,58-1

pillowcase lpil/0 kas/l 58-14

[o/te met id f6n/ sis/tam] 14-23

pen IpEn] 7-22 pencil Ipdn/sal] 7 -20, 109-34 pencil eraser lp6n/sal i ralsar] 7-21

clothespin [kl6z/ pin/] 101-10 pin cushion [pin/ ko-osh/an] 100-13 pushpin Ipo-osh/pin/J 1 83-35 rolling pin frO/ling pinl 78-30 safety pin lsef/tc pin/]

37-9,1oo-14

straight pin [stret pin/] t oo-1 2 pine [pin] 210-9 pinecone [pin/k6n/] 2f0-1

phone bill [fon/ bil/] 15-28

pineapples [pi/n;p/alz] 68-23 plitk tpinkl 24-7

phone jack lfon/ jdk/l

pint lpintl 75-3

1

+

picture book fpik/char bo-ok/l 1 33-1 2 picture dictionary [pik/char dik/sha ndr e] 7-31 picture frame [pik/char frdm/] 58-4

pharmacist [fiir/ma sist] I 12-1

automated phone system

2

picni< [pik/nik] 224-D picnic table [pik/nik ta/bel] 224-8 picture Ipik/cher]

peas [pez] 69-21

peeler [pe/lar] 78-1 5

1 1

pier [pir] 225-18 pierced Ipirst]

Pets lp6ts] 215

pediatrician Ipe/de e trish/en] 1 2O-4 peel Ipel] 77-K

1

78-21

1

pearls Iptirlz] 95-39 pears lpdrz] 68-4

pedestrian crossing lpa dds/tre en kro/sing] I 54- l 3

5-1

r08-is

pickax Ipik/eks/]

pie lpil 8r -3s pie pan [pi/ pdntlTS-28

petals [p6t/lz] 21 1-8 petition Ipa ti/shan] 1 48-5 petroleum [pa tr6/la am] 218-6

PHARMACY lfiir/me se] I r

11

1

PERSONAL HYGIENE lpUr/sa nal hi/jCn]

pests [p6sts] 62

pC]

pi (n) [pi] 193-46 piano lpe dn/o] 238-14

electronics repair person [i l6k trSn/iks ri pdr/ ptir/san] 167-24

pay taxes [pa/ tdks/az] I 4O-B pay the application fee

Pay

th[r/a

pick [pik]

personal CD player [piir/sa nal se/de/ pla/ar] 234-5

[pa/ dhe 6p/la ka/shan fe/] 137-D

kal

councilperson Ikown/sal ptir/san] 139-28 counterperson fkown/tar pUr/san] 79-1 7 delivery person lda liv/a re piir/san] 167-21

pay phone ;pa/ fonJ 15-25,129-23

pay the check [pa/ dhe ch6k/] 82-l pay the rent [pa/ dhe 1[6t/] 48-E

ffzli

physically challenged [fi2li kl6 chdl/anjd] 32-10 physician assistant [fizli shan e sis/tent] 1 68-47

physicist [fizli sist/] 1 95-33 Physics [fzliks] 195

66-1 2

bus person [br)s/ piir/san] 185-13

for [pa/ forl , -fet]27-G

kall

physical education lfYzli kal 6 ja ka/shenl 1 89-1 7 physical therapist ffzli kel thdr/a pist] 1 1 5-1 2 physical therapy

pdr/ p0y'san] 156-4

pay lpa] paycheck lpa/chdk/l 1 65-1 4 payroll clerk lpa/rol kli.irk/] 165-10

Pay back [Pa/ bdk/] 26-D pay cash [pa/ kish/] 27-A

lfzli

tiig/ra fe] 234-235

4-3

phone line lf1nt hn/114-4 phone number [fon/ nim/bar] 4-1 1,15-30 smart phone bmeftl fonlllS-27

1

pipe [pip] 158-15, 181-17 pipe wrench fpip r6nch/] 181-47


rl

lndex

I I

:

pitch Ipich] 230-A

plywood [pli/wo-od/]

pizza lpCt/sal 79-1 0

p.m. lp6/c6m/l 18-5

place lplAs] 146-1

pneumatic drill [no-o mdt/ik dril/] 178-9

fi

replace

[fi

r/plas/] 56-1 3

poached eggs lpocht/

placemat lplas m;t/] 55-1

6gzll75-9

point lpoynt] 17-7, endpoint [6nd/poynt/] t 93-Zt

plains [plinzl 204-1 9

pointer fpoyn/ta(l 197 -12 poison lpoy/zanl 1 l6-J

plan lpldn] 186-4

plan [pldn] r46-A

r44-3,150-8, !8r-57

POST OFFICE lpost/ o/fes] 1 34-l 35 pot [pat] 54-16,78-6 pot holders Ipiit hol/darz] 78-29

teapot lte/pet/] 55-16 potatoes lpe te/toz] 69-1 7 baked potato lbdkt/ pa tAlto] 81-25 mashed potatoes Im;sht/ pa talt6z] 81 -23 potato chips lpa ta/to chips/] 73-35 potato salad Ipa ta/to s;l/ed] 80-1 9

poison oak Ipoy/zan

okll2lO-24

poison sumac lpoy I zan so-o/mdk, -shoo/

poisoning lPoyrzan inn, ,t poisonous fumes Ipoyl23n

Planning a Career fpld/ning a ka rer/] 1 72 f

postal worker fpo/stel wr.]r/karl 169-49

poison ivy lpoy/zan t/ve] 210-25

Planets lpldn/atsl 205

plant pl6ntl

postal scale [p6/stal skal/] 183-27

/

podium [po/dâ&#x201A;Ź am] 206-5 poinsettia lpoyn sdt/6 a, -sdtla]211-24

ta liv/] 52

plaid lplddl 96-22 plain [pl6n1 97-33

plane [plan]

postal clerk lpo/stal kltirk/l 135-7 postal forms [p6/stal formz/] 134-19

Ipost/ o/fes biiks/] 135-9 pocket lpek/at] lOO-7

te go/] 222-223

PLACES TO LIVE [pla/saz

postal Ipo/stel] 135-10

78-1 8

PO box (post office box) [pe/o biiks/]

1

place of birth lplas/ av biirth/l 4-1 4 place setting Iplas/ s6t/ing] 83-1 7 PLACES TO GO lple/sez

1

17 6-E, 177 - A,

219-N

plants Ipl;nts] 208-5 houseplant [hows/pl5nt/] 56-4, 21 1 -27

t-t

-l 21O-23

U

as fyo-omz/]

1

79-3

sweet potatoes lswot/ pe ta/toz] 69-1 8 potty seat lpat/e set/] 37-1 2 pouch lpowch] 21 7-50

Poultry Ipol/tre] 70, 76 POULTRY Ipol/tre] 70

poles Ipolz1 226-1 8, 231 -25

PLANTS lpldnrs] 210

police Ipa les/] police officer lpa les/ o/fa sad 141-1 ,168-48 police station Ipa les/ sta/shen] 1 24-6

pour

plaque lpldk] 119-12 plastic Ipl6s/tik]

polish [pil/ishl 61-8, 109-33 polish lpiil/ishJ 60-E, r09-O

powder Ipow/da(137-1 4,1 08-4, power Ipow/er] 218-2, 21a-5

Plants Ipl;nts] 210

plastic storage bags Iplds/tik stor/ij bitgz] 72-25 plastic storage container

lpl5s/tik stor/ij kan te/ned 78-4plastic utensils Iplds/tik yo-

tdn/ salz]79-19

plastic wrap lp|est tik t ep t I 72-24 plate [plat] 55-1 bread-and-butter plate Ibr6d/n bit/ar plat/] 83-1 9 dinner plate ldin/ar plet/] 83-1 8 license plate ili/sans plat/l 136-12,158-12 salad plate [sdl/ad plat/] 83-20

vanity plate [vd/na te plet/]135 + platform lplittt f ormtl 1 52-7 platter [pl5t/ar] 55-20 platypus

Iplit/i

",

t

to-l

play Ipla] 23s-B play an instrument [ple/ an in/stre mant] 238-A play cards [plii/ kiirdz/] 233-H play games lplel gemzll2?2-B

Pork lpork] ZO

play with [ple/ with/] 36*M

port lport] 196-7 airport [6rlport/] 1 51 -1 portable fpor/te balJ

CD player lserdE O1r7"n

ttr-rt

DVD player [de/ve/de/ plit/ er] 56-7, 234-10 MP3 player

[6m/p6/thra/ plal

ar1

234-2

personal CD player [pr.irlse nal se/de pla/arJ 234-5

portable cassette player

lpor/ta bal

ke s6t/ pla/er]

lpor/ta bal de/ve/de/ pla/ad 234-1 video player lvid/e 0 pla/ar] 197-1 PLAYGROUND

pliers Ipli/arz]

prepare [pri/p6r] r 74-A PREPOSITIONS Ip16p/a zish/anz] 25 PREPOSITIONS OF MOTION

prescribe medication lpri skrib/m6d/e ka/shan] prescription Ipri skrip/shan] 1 1 2-2 pick up a prescription

Ipla/grownd/] 224

t80-7

plugs lpldgzl 179-1 5, 234-1 6 plumber Iplim/ar] 63-20 plums [phimz] 68-13 plunger fplin/jar] 1 81 -50

1

1

2

+

[Pri skrip/shan m6d/e ka/shan]

11

2-3

prescription number [pri skrip/shan nim/bar]

portable cassette player

112-5 234-6

present Iprdzlanll 94 +, 240-3 presentation Ip16/zan ta/shen] 182-6 president lpr6z/a dantl I 38-8, 1 99-5

portable DVD player 1

first president [fiirst/ pr6z/a dant] 198-1 Presidents Day lprdzla dents da/] 22-1 1 vice president [vls/ prEzla dant] 1 38-9

positive integers Ipo/ze tiv in/ta jarz] 192-2 post [post] 134-6 post card fpost/kiird/] 1 34-1 6 postmark IpOst/m atkt I 134-24 post office [post/ o/fas] I 25-1 1 post olfice box (PO box) lpost/ o/fas bdks/]

[pc/o biiks/] l3S-9 postage [p0/stij] 135 ]

11

[Pik/ r]P/e Pri skrip/shanl 1 I 2 + prescription label lpri skrip/shan la/bal] 112-4 prescription medication

portable TV lpor/ta bal te/ ve/] 234-8

portable DVD player

1

lPrdp/a zish/anz ev mo/shanl I 53 preschool Ipre/sko-oli ] 1 88-1

lpor/te bel de/ve/de/ pla/arJ 234-1 234-6

1

preheat lpre/het/l 77-A

0

ke s6t/ ple/arl

8O-1

preparation [p16/pa ra/shen] 185-4 PREPARATION Ip16/pe ralshan] 76-77

pork chops Ipork/ chdps/] 70-1 0 porpoise Ipor/pas] 21 3-30

lpor/ta bal

1

Pregnant IPrdg/nant] 32-1 5

polo shirt [p0/10 shirt/] 92-14 poncho [pin/ch6] 90-i 9

porcupine Ipor/kya pin/1 216-10

player lpla/a11 229-5

power sander fpow/ar sin/dar]

poxlpoksllll-6

praise Iprez] 36-.,

porch light [porch/ lit/] 53-13

playground Ipla/grownd/] 50-3

09-41

power cord [pow/ar kord/] 1 96-2 power outlet fpow/ar owt/l6tl I 59-42

Pollution [pa lo-/shan] 218 polo [p6/lo) 229-15

pop-up ad lpep/npl 197-9

't

1

prairie dog lprdrl 6 dog/1215-22

PoP [PaP] 73-34,237-2s

play area [pla/ err6

82-C

practical [prdk/te kel] 120-1

pool service lpool/ siirlves] 184-21 pool table [po-l/ ta/bal] 50-14

play [pla] 223-8

Lporl

polka-dotted Ipo/ka diit/ad] 96-2 1 pollution lpa lo-/shan] 21A-1 1, 21A-1 4

pond [pand] 204-21 pool [po-l] 5l -22, 1 84-22, 228-2

t1217-46

pas, -po-os

political lpa Ii/ti kel] political campaign lpe li/ti kal k;m pan/] 139-29 political movement lpe li/ti kal mo-v/mentl 199-16 political party fpa lilti kal p6rltd] 1 39 +

pound lpownd] 75-12 pound key lpownd/ ke/l14-7

1

press [pr6sJ 78-11, 14O-4

press lprds]

1

5-B, 1 5-D

presser foot Iprds/ar fo-ot/] 98-1 9

/

- -presdbre [pr6sh/ar] 111 -1 4, 1 18-9 pretend.[pri tEnd/] 233-G Prewriting [pre/rilting] I 91

269


I

I

lndex

price [pris] 27-2, 27 -3, 27 -7 price tag lpns tdg/] 27-t prime minister lprim/ min/a starl199-7

put

principal Iprin/sa pal] 5-4

put away

print [print] 96-23 fingerprint [fing/gar print/] 1 36-5 print lprint] 4-C, 171-l

1

[po-ot]

9-X

lpo-ot/a wa/l

printer Iprin/tar] 1 69-50, 196-17 inkjet printer [ink/j6t prin/ter] 183-18 laser printer ila/zar prin/tarl

push [po-osh] 224-8 pushpin Ipo-osh/pin/] t 83-35

83*1 9

put put put put

RANCH I NG lr

9-2,50-G

down [po-ot/ down/] 6-J in coolant [po-ot/ in koo/lant] 1 57-l on [po-ot/ iin l, -6ntla7-8, t08-q 109-B r35-C

on hold lpo-ot/ en h6ld/, -onl I 7t -N put the utilities in your name

Priority Mail@ lpri orle te mey , -etl-] 134-1 prism Iprizlem] 195-35 prisoner lpr-ul narl 1 41 - 1 5 private school Ipri/vat sko-l/]5 ]

pyramid Ipir/a mid] 193-39 quad fkwiid] 5-l

Problem lpriib/laml r92 problems [priib/lamz] 115-1, 192-11

quart [kwort] 75-4 quarter lkwor/tar] 26-4

52-63

PROBLEMS Ipriib/lemz]

Procedures [pra se/jarz] 117, 118 PROCEDURES [pra se/jarz]

[po-ot/ dhe yo- til/a tez in yer nam/] 49-O puzzle lptrzl ell 59-17

quarter after one fkwor/tar dfltar win/] 1 g-9 1 /4 cup fkwor/tar kip/] 75-8 quarter moon Ikwor/tar moon/] 205-l l

Problems fprdb/lamzl 115, 119

146-147

processor Ipre/sE sar] 54-26

quarter to two lkwor/tar ta to-/] 18-13 3/4 sleeved [thre/ kwor/tar slevd/] 95-1 3 question mark [kwds/chen miirk/] 190-12

Processor Iprii/s6 sar] 92 produce section [p16/do-s sEk/sh en] 72-2 product lprad/ikt] 192-9

Quick and Easy Cake lkwik/ en etzekakllTT quiet [kwi/et] 23-12 quill lkwill 216-23

Products lpr ?id I tktsl

quilt lkwilt] 58-16 quilt block [kwilt/ bldk/] 232-15

Process [prii/s6s] 191

7

2, 7 3

program Ipro/grbm] children's program [chil/drenz pro/grdm] 236-9 nature program fnd/char pro/grd m] 236-7 news program

Ino-z/ pro/grdm] 236-l

shopping program [shiip/ing p16/grdm] 235-10 sports program [sportz/ pro/grdm] 236-1 1

program Ipro/grdm]

70-l Prog ra ms lpr o I gr 6mzl 236 projector fpra jdk/tarl 6-6, 7-16,235-29 1

proofread [pro-f/red/]

1

9r

-l

prosecuting attorney

lpriis/i kyo-/ting a tiir/nej 141-10 protect fpra t6kt/l 143-D

rabbit [rdb/et] 215-r3

raspberries lritzl bdr I Ezl 68-1 5

lats ue$l63-27,215-17 rattle lrdt/l] 37-26 rattlesnake kdt/l snak/l 213-38 rcw VolTO-24

ny Vel212-11 razor [ralzarllO9-27

razorblade lrelzer bled/] 109-28 reaction [rC/6k shen] 1 16-E read [red] proof read lpro-of/red /] read the card kdd/ dhe

1

91

read the definition ked/ dhe d6/fa ni/shanl 8-B read the paper kdd/ dhe pa/parl 39-V read to [rCd/ to-] 36-N Reading a Phone Bill [re/ding a f6n/ bil/] I 5 reality show [re 5 la te sho/] 236-6 rearview mirror

liirlvyon/ mir/arl 159-35

receipt ki set/l 27-6 receive [ri sev/] 135-F receiver lri se/ver] 1 4-1 reception area lri s6p/shan dr/e a] 182-1 5 receptionist lri s6p/5[3 ni511 118-2,164-5,

169-51,1a2-14 record ki kord/l 1 95-q 235-4 records k6k,rardzl 1 68-39

rack [rik] 98-16

-l

kird/l 135-G

slt/]161-27

RECREATION frdk/re a/shan] 226

dish rack ldish/ r6k/] 5a-5

recreational vehicle (RV)

roasting rack I16lsting rdk/J7A14 towel rack ftow/el rik/] 57-1 3

Recreation Room [16k/r[ a/shan ro-6m/] 50

[ralde o ik/tiv me tir/e alz] I 79-7 radiologist lraldC iil/a jist] 1 20-6

fr6k/re a/shan al vE/a kall / liir/ve/] I 56-1 0 recruiter fre kro-/tar] 172-14 rectangle I16k/tdng/gal] 1 93-29 recycle lre si/kal] 60-8,219-C recycling bin [re si/kling bin/] 51 -2 red [r6d] 24-1 red hair [rdd/ hdr/] 33- 1 5

redwood [r6d/wo-od/] 21 0-1 8 redecorate [re d6k/a rdt/] 48 + reduce lri do-s/] 219-A

PUBLIC SAFETY Ipnb/lik seflte] r43 public school fpib/lik sko-ol/l 5 +

radishes frdd/i sh az]

radius lrdlde es] 193-35

referee [r,6f/a

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

raftingvaf tfingl226-2

reference librarian [rdf/rans li br6r/C an] 133-9

puf

Iprib/lik trdns/per te/shen] 1 52 l [po-o lJ 1 1 9-F, 224- A

puller [po-ol/ar] I 75-1 0 pullover sweater Ipo-ol/o/var sw6t/ar] 88-3 pulse [pr]lsl 122-A

rags

69-4

Ueg461-9

rail [ral] 59-10 railroad crossing friil/rod kro/sing] 154-14 rain kenl 218-13 rain boots [ran/ bo-ots/] 90-20

pumps [pimps] 95-26 Punctuation Ipingk/cho- d/shan] 1 9O puppy [pup/e]2rs-12

raincoat lran/kot4 9O-1 8 rain forest lr1nl f6r/ast,fitrl-l 204-l raining [relningj 13-1 1

purchase [piir/chas] 94-A purifier [pyo-o/ra fi/ ar] r t 3-1 3 purple Iprlr/pal] 24-6

raise Iraz] 6-A rake [rak] 176-8

purses Ipi.irlsez]

rake lrakl 176-C

270

range kanjl 204-1 5 ranger kEn/jarl 220-2 rash [rish] I 1 0-1 0

ra<e kesl 230-5

radio [rdldâ&#x201A;Ź 6] 102-6, 159-37, 179-22 radioactive materials

j

int chingl 177

[iirln bet)237-28

reclined seat lri klind/

racquetball [r6k/et bol4 228-1 2 radiation I16lde a/shan] 218-1 5 radiator [ralde a/ted 1 58-1 9

protector [pre t6k/tar] t 9S-t

R&B

raccoon frd ko-on/] 21 6-1 3

racket lrAklat] 231-2

proton [pr6/ton] 195-31 proud Iprowd] 43-21 prunes [pro-nz] 68-26 pruning shears [p16-o/nin g shirzll 17 6-1 psychiatrist lsi kT/a trist, sa-] 1 20-8

quilt Ikwilt] 232-C quotation Ikwot te/shan] 190-9 quotation marks [kw6 ta/shen miirks/] l9O-1 5 quotient lkwd /shant] 1 92*1 0

racing Iralsing] 228-1 9

promotion fpra mo/shan] 172-4 proof of insurance [pro-f/ av/in sho-or/ens] 136-8

ranch kdnchl 52-1 0 rancher Irdn/char] 177 -22 Ranch Hand lrdnch hdnd/] 92

9

4-2, 94-1 4

raisins ke/zenzl 58-25

ft tl 229-6

refrigerator lri frijla reltar] 54-9 refund [re/frind] 97 + reggae I16 gal] 237-31 register lrdj/a star] 73-1 5 5134 1 40-D,

register lrdj/3

registered nurse

1

57-F

(RN)

lr6j/3 51"16 nurs/l / [iirl6n/] 120-10 registration lrdj/a stre/shan] :registration sticker

k6j/a stra/shan stik/arl 1 36-1

3

registration tag lrdjle stra/shan tdg/] r 36-1 3 regular price I169/ya lar prts/] 27-2


lndex living room ll\v ling r diom ll

ribs [ribz] 7O-5,76-2

regulations lrd gya 16/shenzl 154-6 relatives k6 la tivzl 44-6

rib cage frib/

kayllOT-48

relax Iri l6ks/] 39-U

rice [ris] 57-1 0, 81 -30, 177 -1

relieved [ri levd/] 42-1 5 reliever lri I€v/ar] 113-26

ride [rid] r29-D rider Irildar] 1 52-3 riding ki/dingl 226,-9

religious holiday [ri lij/as heVa da/]22-7 remain IrC/manl 147-E

remover ki moo/varl 109-42 renew a license [ri noo/ a lilsans, -nyo-o/-] 1 36 rental agreement [rdn/tal e gre/mant] 51-28

]

Renting an Apartment kEn/ting en a pert/mentl 48 repair [ri pdr/] 166-4,167-24 repair person [ri pdr/ puy'san] 62-1 repair [ri pdr/] I 70-J

evacuation route 1

RN (registered nurse)

li v5k/y-o/a shan ro-t,

8-1 4

2-213

[iir/6n/] / [r6j/a stard nUrs/l

t 20-1 0

ROUTINES

roast beef IrOst beft)71-21

Resident Alien card k6zla dant d/16 3n laivi/l 40-2 resource center kC/sors s6n/terl 172-9

respirator [r6s/pe ralter] I 79-1 3 Responding [ri spiin/ding] I 91 Responsibilities Iri spiin/sa bil/a tez] I 40 RESPONSIBILITIES fri spiin/sa bIl/a tez] 140

restaurant Irds/ta rant, -rantll 125-1 4, 12a-1 O

-rantt]

7

9,

8l-22

roasted turkey I16lsted tUr/ke] 76-4

roasting pan [rolsting pdn/] 78-13 roasting rack [rolsting rdkll 7 8-1 4

a2-a3

Restaurant Dining kds/te rant di/ning,

run across frin/a kros/] 153-G run around [rin/e rownd/] 153-H

rocking chair kiik/ing ch6r/l 37-21 rocks [rii ks] 20A-6, 237 -23

run for office

Rodents Irod/nts] 21 5

2l

restrooms [r6st/ ro-omzl] 5-10 results ki ziltzll 139-31

rolling pin [rolling pin/] 78-30 tolls ltolzl 7 4-'l 1, 7 4-23, 80-17

retire

[ri

tir/]

41

1

I 7-1 7

r69-53

-o

return [rit0rn/] 73-16 return address kitijrn/ a dr6s/, -5ldrdsl 134-21 return ki tLirn/l 27-H, f33-D

rules koolzl 64-8

rock lriik] 36-D rock concert Irek/ ken/sart] 222-5

RODENTS Ir6d/nts]

resuscitation [ri sa sa ta/shan]

ruler [roo/ler] l7-1 3

run [r[n] 11-D

-riint/l 185 Restaurant Kitchen Irds/ta rant ki/chen, -riint/] 185

retail clerk Ire/tal/ kliirk/]

ruffle [ri/fal] 58-i 7 rug [rUg] 58-22

Rules [roolz] 190

robe [r6b] 9r -29 robin [riib/an] 214-16

Resources IrC/s6rs/saz, ri sor/sez] 21 9

RESTAU RANT I16s/ta rant,

rubber gloves [rilb/ar glivz/] 51-4 rubber mat klb/er mdt/l 57-3

roast kostl 70-1 roast chicken I16st chik/an]

Iro- tCnz/] 38-39

rubber Irib/ar] rubber band kfib/ar b6nd/] 183-34

Road Worker Irod/ wUr/kar] 92

rescue breathing [rds/kyo- brC/dhing] I 1 7- l 6

-rowtl 146-5

route [yo-/6s/ ro-t, -rowt] 154-17 router kow/tarl 180-12 U.S.

road work [rod/ wtirk/] 154-16

request ki kw6st/l I 2 + Requirements ki kwir/mentsl 140 rescue Ir,is/kyo-] 1 45-20

rotten Ir;it/n] 68-32 round trip lrownd/ trip/] 152-1 7 route lro-tl / [rowt] bus route [bis/ r56t, -rowt] I 52-1 escape route [6s/kep r66t, -rowt] 146-3

river [rivlar] 1 55-1 0, 204-3

Reptiles Irdp/tilz] 2l 3 21

pierced earrings Ipirst/ irlingz] 95-36

sunrise [sUn/rizl]

representative [16/pri zEn/te tiv] 138-3, 167 -20 I16p/tilz]

rotary ko/te rel rotary card file [ro/ta re kiird/ fil /]1A3-44 rotary cutter lrolta r€ k[t/er] 232-1 6

tise lnzl127-13

report fri port/] 143),143-K reporter lri por/taa 169-52

rope k6pl 224-4,226-19 rose lr0zl 21 1 -1 5

ripped Iript] 97-41 ripper [rilpar] 100*18

R E PAI RS lri pdrzt I 62-63 repellent Iri pdl/ent] 226-23 replace [ri plas/] 1 57-K

rooster Iroo/sted 215-7 roots [ro-ts] 2l0-5,21f -3

[rits/ an ri spiin/se bil/a tez] 1 40 ring Irin g] 37-25, 79-4, 95-40

rinse lrins] 108-F ripe lripl 68-30

0

ROOM [ro-om] 55

RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

clip-on earrings Iklip/dn irlingz, -on-] 95-37

Rental Office [r6n/tal 6/fas] 51

REPTI LES

room service [ro-om/ srir/vas] 184-1 7 storeroom [stor/room/] I 85-5 Room ko-oml 50,1 18, l2l

right turn only [rit/ tiirn/ on/le] I 54-7 Rights [rits] 140

remove [ri mo-v/] 109-Q, 132-G

47 -1 2

meeting room [mC/ting ro-m/] 184-25 roommates Iro-mhats/] 54-l

right [rit] 25-3, 155-8, 198-1 0 right angle [rit/ ing/gal] 193-26

remarried lrc mdr/adl 35-24 remote ki mot/l 234-9

[rin/

far d/fas]

RV (recreational vehicle)

fiir/ve/l / [r6k/r€ a/shan

romance k6 mdns/, rolmensl237-16

rye bread [ril brdd/] 71-20 sad [sdd] 43-19

Roman Numerals l1[/man no-/mer alz] 16

safety [sef/te] 37 -1 9, 92-4,

al ve/a kal] I 56-1 0

1

59-53

roof [r56fl 46-1

safety boots [sef/te bo-ts/] 179-20

roofgarden koof/ giirldnl 5O-4

safety deposit box lsaf/te di pezlet biiks/] I 32-7

roofer koo/farl 62-8 room Iro-m]

safety glasses [saf/te glds/ez] 92-10,179-10 safety goggles

lsif/te

g6gls121

safety pin lsef/te pin4

reuse [r€ y6-ozl] 2t 9-B

ballroom [bol/ ro-m/] 184-26 banquet room [bdn/kwet r-om/] 185-14 bath room Ibdth / ro-om /] 46-4 bedroom Ib6d / ro-om /] 46-2

safety rail [sef/te rel/] 59-10

Revising [ri vi/zlng] 191 Revolutionary War [r6lva loT/sha n6r 6 wor/] t 98-8

revolving fri vtil/ving] revolving door Iri vel/ving dor/] 1 84-2 revolving nosepiece fri viil/ving nozl

rewind k6 wind/l 235-C rewrite kc ritll 191-J rhinoceros ki niis/ar asl ribbon Irilban] 99-30

21

7-28

plsll 194-17

39-A

rural area ko-or/al dr/C al 52-4

5

rollers I16llarz] 33-19, 181 -23

baby's room lbe/b€z rd-om/] 47-10

l9l-J

1

run out IrUn/owtll 162-E runner [ri/nar] 185-1 5

REUNION [re yo-on/yan] 44-45

revise [rivizl]

I

conference room [kan/frans

ro-m/] 182-4

1

79-1

1

37-9,1oo-14

safety regulations [sef/t6 16/gya l6 lshanz1164-6 safety visor lsef/t e

vt I

zetl 179-1 2

Safety [saf/tc] 75 SAFETY [saf/tC]

76-77, 143,179

dining room fdi/ning ro-m/] 82-1 dining room chair [di/ning ro-m/ chdr/] 55-8

Safety Equipment lsef/ta i kwip/ment] 1 79

dining room table [di/nlng ro-m/ te/bal] 55-9 dish room ldish/ room/] 83-13

fsaf/t6 hiz/ardz an hdzlar das-ma tlrlC alzl179 sailboat [sal/bot/] 225-3

guest room [g6st/ ro-om/] 184-13 kids' bedroom fkidz/ b6d/ro-m/l 47-9

sailing lsa/ling] 227-8

Safety Hazards and Hazardous Materials

271


I

I

lndex

salad [sdl/ad]

scan lskdn]

l7l-H

seashell [s6/shdl/l 225-24

chef's salad [sh6fs/ sAl/ed] 80-14

scanner [skdn/ar] f 83-20

dinner salad ldin/ar sdl/ed] 80-1 fruit salad [fro-t/ sdl/ad] 80-21

scared [skdrd] 43-23 scarfl scarves lskiirfl / lskiirvz] 95-1 2 winter scarf [win/tar skiirf/] 9O-5 scenery [se/ ne rC] / lscn/re] 162-3 schedule [sk6j/ool, -oo al] 152-4

5

pasta salad [piis/ta sdl/ed] 80-20 potato salad lpa te/to s;l/ad] 80-1 9 salad bar [sdl/ed

bartlT9-24

lsil/ad lorktlgS-27 salad plate lsdl/ed plat/] 83-20 spinach salad [spi/nich sil/ad] 80-1 salad fork

schedule [sk6j/o-e1, -eo school [sko-l] 126-9

salamander lsil/ a mdn / der] 212-27 SALE lsal]

102-103

Salesperson [salzlpiir/san] 92 salmon [sim/an]

.

7l-3

salmon steak fslm/an stak/l 71-4

t36-3,131-tt

salt and pepper shakers

school bus [sko-l/

lsolt/ n p6p/ar sha/karzl 55-1

+

[sam/ an di/frent, -dife rant] 28-29

bis/] 156-21

child safety seat [chrld/ saf/te set/] 1 59-53 front seat

technical school [tdk/ni kal skool/] 1 88-5 vocational school [vo ka/sha nal sko-l/] 188-5

love seat

lt

r0,

SCIENCE [si/ans]

sandbox [sdnd/b.iks/] 224-1

sand castle [sdnd kds/al] 225-1 2

sandals [sdn/dlz] 88-9

satellite [sdt/el it /1 205-20 satellite dish [sit/al lit/ dish/j 53-6

scraper [skrd/par]

94-l 95

1

lib/]

seconds Isek/andz] 18-3

195

section lsdk/shan] 72-2 security lsi kyo-or/a tC]

1

security camera [si kyo"orla te kdm/re] 50-19 security gate lsi kyo-or/a tC get/] 50-1 6 security guard [si kyo-or/a te gerdll 132-5,169-55 security pants [si kyo-or/a te pdntsl)93-22

81-52

security screener lsi kyo-6r/a te skre/ner]

screen [skren] 5-2, 196-1 1, 235-30

fidtl 42-6

flat screen

Saturday lsdt/er da/, -de] 20-1 4

lfirl skren/] 56-1 2 TV lfldt/ skran/ tC/vel]234-7

screen door lskren/ dor/] 53-1 5

Saturn lsdt/arnj 205-6

sunscreen f sin/skren/l 108-7, 225-1

a-25

screening area fskre/ning 6rle a] 160-4

sausage [so/sij] 7O-12, 8O-2

screw [skro-o]

saut6 lso ta/, so -] 77-E save [sav] 219-E

1

80-32,

1

O

80-33

saving fsa/vin g] 19-25, 225-20

scroll bar lskrol/biir/] 197-15

savings account number

scrub [skrrib] 6O-K scrubs lskribzl 93-31

lsa/vingz a kownt/ nim/barl 1 32-1

1

Security Checkpoint lsi kyo-or/a te ch6k/poynt/] Security Guard lsi kyo-or/e te giird/] 93 sedan lsa ddn/] 156-1 seed [sed] 21

l-1

seedling ;r66rlin9l 21 1 -4 seek fsekl 114-A,147-H seesaw [se/so/] 224-1 6

Phillips screwdriver [fi]/ips skro-/dri/var] 180-31 screwd river [skro-o/d rilvar]

1

80-30

select [se l6kt/] 196*B self-checkout [sdlf/ ch[(/61a11 73-1 0, r 33-1 0 sell [s6l] 170-K semi ls6m/t 156-15

semicolon lsdm/e kd/len] 190-18 Senate lsEn/otl 138-5

saw [so] 180-9

scrub brush

hacksaw Ihdk/so/] l8O-5 jigsaw [jig/so/] 180-1 0 saxophone fsdk/sa fOnr] 238-5

surgical scrub cap [srir/ji kal skrUb/ kdp/] 93-35

senator [s6n/a ter] 1 38-6

surgical scrubs [silr/ji kal skribz/] 93-38

state senator [stat/ s6n/e ter] 1 39-25 send [sEnd] 197-l send in lsdnd/ in] I 73-H

scales [skalz] 57-27

,72-3, 135-8, 155-7, 195-41

lskrib/ brrish/] 61-20

scuba [sko-/ba]

say [sa] 2-A,3-1,4-A scaffolding [skif/al ding] 178-4

scuba diving [sko-/ba di/ving] 227 -1 2 scuba tank [sko-/ba ,

tingk/] 225-5

sea [se] sea anemone [s€/ a n6m/a

postal scale Ip0/stal skel/] 183-27

seahorse [se/ hors/] 21 2-1 3

scallops [skdl/aps, skiill -17

1

-12, 212-1 9

Sending a Card fs6n/ding a kiird/] 135 Sending Email [s6n/ding el mal/] 197

212-3 scallions [skdl/yanzl 69-20

ne]212-24

sea lion [se/

sehior [s€n/yar] senipr citizen lsen/yar sit/a zanl 30-5 senior housing [sen/yar howz/inS] 52-1

sea

Senses [sdn/saz] 106

lilen] 213-33 otter [se/ iit/ar] 213-35

60-5

see [se] I O5-A

screener [skren/ar] 150*5

saucer [so/ser] 83-25

1

security shirt [si kyo-or/e te shurt] 93-20

big-screen TV [big/skr€n/ te/ vC/] 50-1 5 fire screen

l6

Second Floor ls6k/and flor/l 59

scrambled eggs [skrdm/bald 69zl] 76-7

1

sandwich [s6n/wich, -sind/-] 79-5, 80-10, 80-12 sanitation worker [sdn/a ta/shsn w0r/kar] 169-54

7

second [sEk/and]

scorpion [skor/pe an] 214-30

sander [sdn/ded 180-1

potty seat lpet/e set/l 37-1 2 reclined seat [ri klind/ sCt/l 161-27 upright seat [ip/1i1/ 5s{/] 161-28

00-16 scoop neck lsko-op/ ndk/l 96- l 0 score lskod 10-3,229-1

sand dune lsdnd do-on/l 204-5

1

seVl 56-1

seat [s6t] 82-B

1

scissors lsizlerz] 33-20,

sandpaper lsdnd/pa/paa 1 81 -56

saucepan [sos I pdnl]

1

Science Lab fsi/ans

5

lfrint/ set/l I 59-5

iliv/

seat belt [set/ bdlv] I 59-52

lsklooz an sib/jikts] 188-189 science [si/ans] 189-1

sand lsdnd] 225-23

Seasons [sC/zenz] 21

backseat lbdk/ sat/l I 59-54

SCHOOLS AND SUBJECTS

samples [sdm/palz] 84-5

SEASONAL CLOTHING [s6/za nal klo/dhing] 9O

car safety seat [kdr/ saf/19 5ey1 37-1 9

lskool/ r6j/a str;/shan form/] 4

SAME AND DIFFERENT

search engine [siirch/ 6n/jan] 197-6

seat [set]

School Registration Form

3

lsrirch/ an r6s/kyo-o tem/l 145-20 search box lsijrch/ biiks/] 197-5

school crossing [sko-l/ kroi sing] 154-15

SCHOOL lskooll 5,

same [s;m] 23-15

search and rescue team

SEARCH lsi.irchl 173

preschool Ipre/sko-l] 1 88-1 private school lpri/vet sko-l/l 5 + public school lpr]b/lik sko-ol/l 5 +

sales tax lsdlzl tdks/127-B

satisfied lsdt/is

search [s0rch]

nursery school [niir/se re skd;ol/] 189-1

lsall pr\s/127-3 salesclerk [salzlklijrk/] 94-3

salon lsa lon/]

seam ripper [sem/ rip/ar] 100-18

parochial school lpa rolke al sko-ol/] 5

sale price

d6tli]71

213-34

Sea Mammals [se/ miim/alz] 213

1tt-,

middle school [mid/l skoi6l/] 188-3

sales [salz]

I

[5[/ dn/e melz] 212

SEAFOOD AND DELI [se/fo-od/ an seal [sel]

high school [hir slo-o|r, 'ttt-o junior high school ljo-n/yer hi/ sko-ol/l 188-3

salads lsdl/adz] 80

lelme]71-24

seaweed [se/ wed/] 125 Sea Animals

adult school lla dnlt/-, dd/nlt skd-oul 188-8 elementary school [6]/a m6n/tre sko-l/] 188-2

3

Salad Dressings [sdUad d16/singz] 80

salami lsa

"q

sea urchin [se/ iir/chan] 212-21

1

1

60


lndex sentence [s6n/tns] 190-2 sentence lsdn/tns] 141-E separate [5[/pa rat/] 75-B

shears [shirz] 176-9 sheet lshctl cookie sheet [ko-ok/e shCt/] 78-27 dryer sheets [dri/ar shets/] 101-5

fitted sheet [fit/ed shet/] 58-l

Serious Medical Conditions

.

lsir/e as m6d/i kal kan dish/anz] 1 I serious photo [5ir/e as fo/to] 206-3

serve lstirv] 1 39-D, 230*P serve on a jury lstirv/ iin

I

flat sheet lfldt/ shelf [shdlfl 54-2

a

jo-or/e,

-on-] t 40-E

1

59-56 1 85-B

service [stir/vas] customer service

2

5hs1r1 59-1 3

shell [sh6l]

serve the meal [siirv/ dha mel/] 82-F Serve [si]rvl 76 server lsiir/var] 82-8, 83-9,

shoulder [shol/dar] 105-1 3 shoulder bag [sh6l/dar bdg4 94-1 7 shoulder blade [shol/dar blad/] 1 O7-28

sheep [shep] 215-6

September [sdp t6m/bad 21 -33 sequins lsd/kwinzt] 99-33

Ikis/te mar stir/ves] 97 +

shoulder-length hair [sh6l/der l,6ngkth/ her/] 33-2 shoulder pads [shol/day p;674 231-26 shovel lshriv/al] 17 6-7, 17 8-22 show [sh6] 236-4, 236-6, 236-8 show [sho] 137-C,160-C shower [show/erl

seashel I [se/sh6l

/l 225 -24

shower cap fshow/er

shelter [sh6Utar] 52-1 3

shower gel [show/ar j6l/]

shield [sheld]

showerhead [show/er h6d/] 57-1 stall shower [st6l/ show/ar] 57 +

windshield lwind/sheld/l 1 58-1 windshield wipers [wind/sh6ld y,,i/parz] 158-2 shift lshift] 159-49, 159-50

[kr]s/ta mar-siir/vas 16/pra 26n/te tivl 167-20 guest services [g6st/ slirlvas az] 1 3O-1 2 pool service [po-ol/ stir/vas] 184-21

shin [shin] r06-21 shin guards [shin/ giirdzl] 231 -1 3

08-2

sick [sik] 42-12 side [sid] 76-10

serving bowl [sur/ving bol4 55-21

shirt lsh0rt] 85-1 nightshirt Inrt/shijrt/] 91-28 polo shirt [p0/10 shiirt/] 92-14

I

homesick Ih6m /sikt ] 43-20

sideburns lsid/bUrnz/] 33-7 sideview mirror fsid/vyo-/ mir/ar] 158-3 Side Salads lsid/ s6l/adz] 80

shriftll93-20

setting [s6/tin9] 83-1 7

sports shirt [sports/ shiirt/] 88-4

sidewalk lsid/woktl 129-24 sight impaired [sit/ im perd/] 32-1

seven [sdv/an] 16

T-shirt [te/shiirt/] 85-4

sign [sin] 4-D

seventeen fsdv/en tâ&#x201A;Źn/]

1f

work shirt [wUrk/ shiirt/] 92-2

seventeenth [s6v/en t0nth/] 16 seventh [s6v/anth] 16

shoes

seventy [s6v/an te] 1 6 75 percent lsdv/an te

fv/

per s6nt/]

1

7-9

sew [so] 98-A, 98-B, 1 70-L sewing [so/ing] sewing machine [so/ing ma shen/] 98-13 sewing machine operator [s6/ing ma shen/ iip/a r3l 1s4 9g-14 Sewing Machine lso/ing me shen/] 98 Sewing Supplies fso/ing sa plizl] 100

fs

vacancy sign lvalkan se sin/] 50-7

ho-ozl 86-7, 87 - 1 3, 9

5-32

sign fsin] 48-D

shoelaces [sho-o/las az] 94-24

signal lsig/nal]

shoe store [sho-/ stor/] 130-10 SHOES AND ACCESSORIES

lshooz/ an ik s6s la rEz]94-95 shoot [shoot] 21 1 -5

shoot [sho-t] 230-H shop Ishiip] barbershop Ibiir/ber shep/] 1 29-1 9 beauty shop [byo-/tC shep/] 130 +

shade [shed] 225-1 3

donut shop [do/nr]t shiip/l 129-17 gift shop lgift/ shdp/] r 30 +, 1 84-5

milkshake Imilk/shak/] 79-1 4

ice cream shop [is/ krem shiip]

Sharing and Responding

fshdr/ing an ri spdn/ding] I 91 shark [sherk] 212-4 sharpener [shiir/pen ar] 183-26 shave [shev] aftershave [dfltar shav/] 109-30

shave lshav] 109-M shaver [she/vea 109-26 shaving cream lsha/ving krâ&#x201A;Źm/l 109-29

single father [sing/gel feldhar] 35-23 single mother lsing/gal

sister lsis/ter] 34-5, 35-27

shoplifting [shiip/liflting] shopping [shlip/Ing]

share lshdrl 8-M

sing fsing] 36-0,238-B single fsing/gal]

shop lshep] 28-A, 143-H

shakers [sha/kerz] 55-1 3

shaper [she/pad 91 -1 5 Shapes fshaps] 193

98-s

Shop lshiip] 100 SHOP [shiip]

shanks lshdnks] 70-1 3

131-16

silk [silk]

simmer lsim/erl 77-P

54-4,57-23 Sirius lsir/e as] 205 +

shake lshakl 3-J, I 74-l shampoo [sh6m po-/] 108-10

strong signal [strong/ sig/nal] 14-1 1 turn signal ltiirn/ sig/nall 1 58-6, 1 59-34 weak signal [wek/ sig/nel] 14-1 2 signature lsig/ns q6"r1 O- t n SIGNS [sinz] 154

coffee shop lko/fe shiip/j 126-1 t

shake lshak]

vital signs monitor lvtt/l sinz/ miin/e tar] I 21-26

shoe department [sho-/ di pert/mant] 95-7

sex [s6ks] 4-1 6

lampshade !dmp/shad/l 56 +, 5a-26 shadow [sh6/d0/] 109-35

1

street sign [strct/ sin/] 129-26

shock lshiik] r 16-8, t 16-F

seventieth [s6v/an te ath] 1 6

1

shut tshritl 146-4 shuttle [sh Ut/l] 1 52-1 9, 205-1 9

ship [ship] 175-D shipping clerk [ship/ing klirkt] 175-14

security shirt [si ky56r/a te

1

shredder [sh16/dar] 183-24 shrimp fshrlmpJ 7 1 -1 1, 212-1

room service [ro-m/ stjr/vas] 184-17 SERVICE lsur/vas] r 38-1 39, 1 85

sunset [sIn/s6t/] 18-18

I O8-1

shower curtain [show/ar kiir/tn] 57-1 2

shingles [shing/g alz] 17 8-20

'

kip/l

Shellfish [sh6l/frsh/] 71

customer service representative

set [sdt] 1 0-A, 33:C, 82-A set up [s6t/ r)p/] 1 73-l

I

80-81

midh/srl !!5-22

sink lsink]

sister-in-law lsis/tar in lo/) 34-1 6 1

42-8

stepsister [st6p/si5/1s4 35-29

sitcom (situation comedy)

shopping basket lshiip/ing bds/ketl 73-9 shopping list [shiip/ing list/l 67 -1 4

fsit/kiim/l / lsich/oo a/shen kem/a de] 236-2 sit down [sit/ down/] 6-F

shopping mall [shiip/ing mal/l l)5-7 shopping program [shiip/ing miil/] 236-10

site [sit] 125-2

SHOPPING [shiip/ing] 27

shore lsh64 204-i2 short [short] 32-6, 96-1 6 short hair [short/ h6r/] 33-1

short-order cook lshort/or/dar ko-ok/l f 85-1 short-sleeved [short/slevd/] 95- 1 2

shorten [short/an] 100-B shorts fshortsl 89-25,

91

-4

sitter [sit/ar] 165-9 situation comedy (sitcom)

[sich/o- a/shan-kiim/e de] / hit/kii mtl236-2 six [siks] 15 six-pack [siks/pd k tj

7

4-9,

7

4-21

6-year-old boy lsiks/ylr old/boy/] 31-9

silteen [siks/ten/] 15 sixteenth lsiks/tCnth/] 15 sixth lsiksthl 16 sixtieth lsiks/te ethl l6

273


I

I

lndex

sixty lsiks/tc] 16

Snack Foods [sndk/ foodz/] 73

sous chef [so-/ shdf4 f 85-6

Sizes [si/zaz] 96

snail lsnel] 21 2-22

south [sowth] 155-3 soybeans lsoy I bEnz/l 177 -3

skate [sket] 230-U skates lskats] 231

snake [snak] 213-39

rattlesnake lr5/tal snakl 213-38

-9,231-10

skateboard bketl botdtl 224-7 skateboarding [skit/b676;ng1 226-1 3 skating [ska/ting] 227 -4, 227 -5, 227 +, 228-10 ski [skc] 230-V skiing fske/in g] 227 -1, 227 -3 waterskiing fwo/tar sk0/ing] 227-7 skill inventory [skil/ in/van tdr/e]

1

72-1 2

skin [skin] 107-31

+

231-24

spaghetti [spe gdt/C] spare tire [sp6r/

speakers [spe/karz] 5O-5, 206-4, 234-1 4

+

Special [sp6/shal] 80 Specialists [spdsh/a lists/] 120 speech fspech] 140-2

social lso/shell

1

speed limit lsped/ lim/at] 154-4 speedometer lspi dem/e tarl 1 59-27

Social Security card

fso/shal si kyo-or/a te kiird/] 40-5

skull [skril] 107-47. skunk lskingkl 216-1 2

speed skating [sped/ska/ting] 227

Social Security number

skyscraper fski/skra/par]

skyo-o/]

27-5

127-13-' --

87-'l2

social worker lso/shal wU r/karl

Socks lseks] 1

78-23

sleeper [sl€/par] 91-27

sphere lsfir] 193-42

69-57

spider [spi/dar] 214-29 spill [spil] 218-1 7

ankle socks [ang/kal siiks/] 91-7 crew socks Ikro-o/ siiks/] 91

low-cut socks

sledding [sldd/ing] 227-6 sledgehammer [sl6j/him/ar]

1

socks [siiks] 85*6

dress socks [dr6s/ siiks]

slaves [slavz] 198-4

ilo/k[t

spinach [spin/ich] 69-1

-8

9l-9

spinal column [spi/nal kdl/am] 107-49 spiral notebook [spi/ral n6t/bo-ok/] 7-29

9l

splint lsplint] 1 t 7-1 4 sponge [sprinj] 6l-19

1

sofa ls6/fal 56-1 8

sleeping bag [sle/ping bitg/] 226-1 2

sponge mop lspInj/ miip/]

sofa cushions fso/fa ko-o/shanz] 56

+

sleepy [sle/pC] 42-3

t00-6

long-sleeved llong/slCvd/l 96-1 4 short-sleeved [short/slCvd] 96-1 2

96-l

1

software [soft/wEr/] soil [soyll 208-2

1

6r-6

spoon [spo-n] 55-5, 78-9 soupspoon lsoop/spoon/] 83-32 tablespoon fta/bel spo-n/] 75-7

soft [sdft] 23-6 softball [soft/bol / ] 229-1 0 softener fso/fen arl 101-6

Sleepwear [sl€p/w6r] 91 SLEEPWEAR [slep/vyg4 91

1

spinach salad fspin/ich sdl/ed] 8O-1 3

seks/] 91 -1 0

soda lso/da] 73-34, 79-1

+

spell lspdl] 4-B

[s6/shal si kyo-or/a te n[m/bar] 4-15

[6s/ka/yo-/ nIm/bar, sky lskrl 209-9 skycap [ske/kdp/] r60-1 SKU number

-26

81

tir/] 1 58-23

sparrow [sper/o] 214-7 spatula fspdch/e la] 78-1 9 speak lspekl r 70-N

soccer ball [siik/er bol/] 231-12

ski mask [ske/ mdsk/] 9O-15 ski poles lskel polztl231-25

teaspoon [te/spo-n/] 75-6, 83-31 spoon [sp-on] 77-F

67 -1 8, 1 96-1 O

sports [sports]

solar [so/ler]

sports car [sports/ kiir/] 1 56-4

solar eclipse [so/lar i klips/] 205-1 6, 205 solar energy [so/lar 6n/ar je] 21 8-1

+

sports coat [sports/ kot/] 89-14

3/4 sleeved [thre/kwor/tar slEvd/] 96-1 3 slender lsl6n/darl 32-9

Solar System and the Planets

sports program [spdrts/ pro/grdm] 236-1

slice [slis] 77-C slide [slid] 194-3, 224-1 3

[s6/lar sis/tam en dhe plen/ets] 205 soldier lsol/jar] 169-58

sports shirt lsports/ shiirt/l 88-4

mudslide [mid/slid/] 144-6 sliding glass door lsli/ding glds/ dor/l 53-18

sole [s6l] 94-21

sports jacket [sports/ jdk/et] 89*1 4

sport-utility vehicle (SUV) lspdrt/ yo- til/e tC ve/i ksll / [!5/yee/ye/]

1

solid lsiil/edl 95-19 Solids lsiil/adz] 193

SPORTS [sports] 228, 229, 23o, 231

slippers [slip/arz] 9t -26

solution [se lo-o/ shan] 192-14 solve [sdlv] 170-M

[sports/ vrirbz/] 230 sprained ankle [spr6nd/ dng/kal] 1 r 0-1 8

slippery floor fsli/per € flor/] I 79-6

son [sin] 34-15

sling [sling] 1 13-19 slip lslip] 91 -22, 91-23, 132-4

slow [slo] 23-4 small [smol] 95-1

,96-2,97-37

small town lsmol/ town/l 52-3 smart phone [smart/ fon/]

l5-27

smell [sm6l] 106-C smile [smil] 2-D

274

spades [spadz] 233-30

soccer lsiik/ar] 229-1 2

ski hat [ske/ het/] 90-1

sleeveless [slev/les]

Space Exploration [spas/ 6k/spla ralshan] 205

snowboard [sno/bord/] 231-23 snowboarding lsnol bor I dingl 227 -2 snowstorm [sno/storm/] 13-23

sober [so/ bar] 143

ski boots [skc/ bo-ts] 231-26

shit/al] 205-1 9

Space [spes] 205

1

snow [sno]

soap opera [sop/ ep/ra] 236-5

skirt lskijrt] 87-10

sleeve lslev]

space station [spas/ sta/shan] 205-1 8

soap dish [sop/ dish4 57-25

skinless [skin/las] 70

slacks [sldks]

space shuttle [spes/

sneeze lsnez] 1 10-B snorkeling [snor/ke l\ng] 227 -1

snowing [sno/ing] 1 3-l 2 soap [sop] 57-24, 61 -5, 1 08-3

Skills lskilz] 171 SKILLS lskilz] 17O, 171, 17 4

skis [skez]

space [spas] 50-1 8, 128-5

snap [sndp] 99-26

SPORTS EQUIPMENT [sports/

sore throat [sor/ throt/] sort lsdrt] 101-A soul [sOll 237-28

1 1

0-6

+

spray gun lspra/

gin/] 181-21

spray starch fspra/ stiirch/] 101-12 spread [spr6d]

bedspread Ibdd/sprdd] 59-l spring fspring] 21 -37, 5A19 sprinkler [spring/klar] 53-22

smock [sm6k]93-26

soup [so-p] 72-'l 8, 8O-1 6 soup bowl lsoop/ bol/] 83-21

smog lsmeg, smdsl 2f 8-1 1 smoggy lsmd/ge, smo/-l 13-14

soupspoon [so-p/spo-n /] 83-32 Soup [so-op] 77

squash [skwiish, skwosh] 69-24

smoke [sm6k] 114-G smoke detector lsm6k/ ditdk/terl 51-29

sour [sow/ar] 84-4

squid kkwidl 212-7 squirrel [skwilr/all 215-21

smoked turkey lsm0kt/ tUr/ke] 71-25

Sources [sor/saz] 218

sour cream lsowlar krdmllT2-21

square [skw6r] 193-30 sqrlEegee tskwe/jEl 61 -1 5

stadium lsta/dC am] 125-1

56-7

i kwiphant] 231

SPORTS VERBS

spray [spre] 108-12, 113-32

grandson [gr;n/sUn/, grind/-] 34 son-in-law [sin/in lo/] 34 +

1

1


lndex +

staff lstdfl 1 85

steel [stel]

Staff lstdfl r 20 stage clips lstejt klips/l 194-24

steering wheel [stir/ing wel/] 159-26

stain lstan] 181-24 stained lstend] 97-42

stems lst6mz] 21 1-9 step lstdpJ

stairs [sterz] 5O-10

stepbrother [st6p/brr]d h/arl 35-30 stepdaughter [st6p/do/ter] 35 +

stairway fstdr/wa/] 50-1 0 stall shower [st6l/ show/ar] 57

]

stepfather lstdp/faldhar] 35-25 stepladder lstdp/l5d/erl 51 -1 3

stamps [stdmps] 134-18, 134-23, 183-47

stamp machine lstemp/ ma shen4 135-1 stand lstdnd] 152-18

1

Ino-z/stind/l I 28-l

stereo system [st6r/e o sis/tam] 56-8

2

sterile [st6r/al]

stand lst;ndl 141-D stand up lstdnd/ np/] 6*D standard time [st;n/dard tim/] 19-26

sterile pad [st6r/al pdd/]

staple [ste/pal] 171-F stapler lste/pler] 183-28 staples lsta/pelzl 183-29

tl 212-1 6

starch [st;rch]

1

0t -1 2

starving lster/ving] 43

sticker [stik/ar]

stir

+

state capital [stat

1

O2-3,

lstr.ir]

1

bcltlT6-6

17 -1 5

stop lstap] 1 55-D Stop [step]

lfir/ sta/shan] I 25-1 2 station [gis/ sta/shan] 1 25-1 0

[gds/ std/shan a t6n/dant] 1 62-3 lifeguard station ilif/giird/ sta/shenl 225-21

store lstor]

1

Station [sta/shen] 152 stationbry lsta/she ner/ e] 183-42 stay lsta] stay away [stA a wall147-l stay fit lsta fit/] I 14-E stay on the line lsta on dha lin/] I 5-H stay on welllit streets [sta 6n wdl lit/ strCts/] 143-B

w6l/] I 14 steak [stak] 70-2, 81-24 Stay Well [ste

broiled steak lbroyld/ stek/] 76-3 51u11 7t -U

halibut steak lhdl/a 911

7

storage locker [stor/Ij liik/ar] 5O-1 7

-4

[st16ch]

230-M

stretcher lstr6ch/ar] 121-33 string [string] string beans [string/ benz/] 69-8 string lights lstring/ lits/] 239-18

stroller [st16/lar] 37-1 8 strong signal [str6ng/ sig/nal] 14-1

1

card store Ikard/stdr/] 130-7

student [sto-d/nt] 6-5

convenience store lkan ven/yans stdr/l 128-3 department store ldi pert/mant stdr/l 131-13

STUDYING lstri/de ing]

electronics store [e I6ktriin/iks stor/] 13f-20 furniture store [ftir/ni char stor/] 1 25-8

stuffed animals lstrlft/ dn/a malzl 59-15 style [stil/] 88 +

stucco

r65-l

1

[stik/o] 178-15

study [stl/de] 1 0-D I 37-A

hardware store [herd/wer/ stor/] 148-4

Styles lstilz] 96

home improvement store

STYLES [stilz]

Ihom/ im pro-v/mant stor/)127-20 jewelry store [jo-/al re stor/] 130-2

stylist lsti/list] 167-31

maternity store Ima ttir/na te storll13l-19 men's store [m6nz/ stor/] 130 ] music store Imyo-/zik stor/]

1

30-1

shoe store [sho-/ stor/] 130-10

[stehar] 78-3

111

stub lstib]

steak knife lstak/ nif/] 83-29

steamer

throt/]

bookstore [bo-ok/stor/] 1 30-4 candy store lkin/de stor/] 1 3f -1 7

salmon steak ls5m/an suk/] 71-4

steamed vegetables [stCmd/ vdj/ta balz] 81-32

126-127

STREETS lstrets]

striped [stript] 96-20 stripper lstri/parl 181 -42

a-4

office supplystore [o/fas sa pli/ st6111127-21 pet store [p6t/ stor/] r 30-6

steal lstel] 142 + steam lstCm] 77-D

street sign lstret/ sin] 129-26

Strings lstringz] 238

stopped up lstept/ Up/] 63-1 9 storage [stor/ij] 72-25,

space station [spas/ sta/shan] 205-18

+

street lstret] r50-5, 155-8 streetlight lstret/lit/] 1 48-3

string of pearls lstring/ av pUrlz/] 95-39

r52

gas station attendant

police station fpa les/ sta/shan] 124-6

straw hat [stro/ hdt/] 9o-23 stream [strem] 204

stretch

stomachache [stim/ek ak/] t 1O-4

bus station [bus/ sta/shan] 124-7

strawberries [stro/bEr/Cz] 68-1 4

stress [str6s] 115-4

stop [stap] 129-1 6, 1 51 -1 3, 1 54-1 stopover [step/6/var] 161 +

fire station

straight line lstrat/ lin/] 193-22 straight pin lstret/ pin/] 100-1 2

strep throat [str6p/

stockings [stdk/ingz] 91 -1 7 stomach lstim/ak] 107-41

statement lstathant] 132-16 station [sta/shen]

straight lstrat] 1 55-A straight hair lstret/ hdr/] 33-9

street vender lstret/ vdn/dar] 129-29

stock clerk [st6k/ kltirk/] 169-59

state senator [stat sEn/o tar] I 39-25

station wagon lste/shan wdg/an] 1 56F6 subway station [srib/wa/ sta/shan] 151-1

36-1 3

stir-fried beef [strir/fridl

state [stet] 1 5-G, 1 95-A State Government [stat gi/ varn mant] 1 39

gas

1

1

77-o

stitches lstich/az]

k;/pat el] I 39-22

stove [st6v] 54-18, 226-16 stow [sto] 160-G

strainer [strahar] 78-22

sticky notes lstik/e nOts/] 183-39

state [stet] 4-8, 146-2

horror story [hor/ar stor/C, hetl-] 237-17 science fiction story [si/ans fik/shan stor/C] 237-l 8

straw lstro] 79-1 8

59-50 yardstick [yerd/stik4 181-i 6

start [start] 1 2-A, 4O-8, 230-R starting point lster/ting poynv] 162-1..*

action story ldk/shan stor/Cl 237-1 9 adventure story [5d v6n/char storld237-19

stick [stik] 231-1 1 ,232-11

stick shift lstik/ shifvl

star key [stiir/ ket] 14-6

snowstorm [sno/storm/] 1 3-23 storm door [storm/ ddr/] 53-1 0 thunderstorm [thin/der storm/] 1 3-1 6 story lstdr/el

7-6 sterile tape [st6r/al tap/] 1 1 7-7 stethoscope [st6th/a skOp/] 1 18-10 stewing beef lstdo l\ng blf ll 7 O-3 11

drumsticks [dri m/stiks/] 7O-23 lipstick [lip/stik/] 1 O9-38

star [stiir] 205-13

6l-5

storm [storm] 13-19 hailstorm [hel/stdrm/] 1 3-21

two-story house [to-/stor/e hows/] 52 +

stepsister Istdp/sis/ter] 35-29

nightstand [nit/stind4 58-23

starfi sh fstiir/fish

stepmother lstdp/midh/er] 35-26 steps [st6ps] 53-3

checkstand [ch6k/stdnd/] 73-1 2 newsstand

storeroom [stor/ro-m/] I 85-3

steeltoe boots [stcl/ t0/ bo-ts/] 92-6 steel-wool soap pads lst6l/wo-ol/ s6p/ pddz/l

stage [staj] I 94-1 6

I

toy store [toy/ stor/] 1 30-5 video store lvid/C 6 stor/l 1 29-20 Store lstod 99 STORE lstor]

72-73

8-9

96

SUBJECTS [snb/jikts/] 188-r 89 submit lseb mit/]48-C substitute [sib/sta to-t/] 79-20 subtract [sab trAkt/] 192-B

suburbs [stib/rlrbz] 52-2 subway [sib/wa /) 151-12 subway car

[sib/wa/ kiirl] 152-6

. igubway station fsrib/wa/ sta/shan] 151-1

Subway Station

1

[sib/wa/ ste/shen] 1 52

Succeed lsak s6d/l 10 SUCCEEDING lN SCHOOL [sakse/ding an

sko-l/]

1O

275


!

!

lndex

suede [swad] 99-8

sweater [sw6t/arl 28-2, 87 -1 4

sugar [sho.'og/ar] 73-30 sugar bowl [sho-og/ar bol/] 55-14 sugar-free lsho"oglar frell 122-7 sugarsubstitute[sho-og/arsib/stato-otl]79-20

suit [so-t] 87-1 1 bathing suit IbA/dhing so-t/] 90-26 business suit lbizlnes soot/] 88-1

pullover sweater Ipo-ol/o/var sw6t/ar] 88-3 sweep lswCpl 60-J sweet potatoes lswCt pa te/t6z] 69- l I

1

swim [swim] 230-L swimsuit lswim/soot/l 90-26 swimming fswim/ing] swimming pool [swim/ing

take a tour [tek/

swing [swing] 230-Q

sum [sim] 192-7

swings fswingz] 224-1

take a shower [tek/ e show/ar] 38-C, I 08-A

p'd tl 51 -22

swimmin g trunks fswim/in g trrin gks/] 9O-22

1

1O-16

sunblock [sin/blak/] 1 O8-8, 225-0 sunburn [sin/br.irn/] 1 I 0-1 4

swordfish [sord/fish/] 7 1 -5, 212-1 0 symbol lsim/bel] 155-8

sunflower [siln/flow/sr] 21 1-1 0

SYMPTOMS AND INJURIES

n

g

lasses lsiln I glits I azl 9O-27

sunrise [srjn/ rrz]

1

lsimp/131'p2 sn

8-1 4

sunscreen [sin/skren/] 108-7, 225-1

O

In/ja rezl

s6tl 18-19

syringe lsa rinj/]

11

Sunday [sin/da, -de] 2O-8

syrup [sir/ap, s]r

I

sunny [sln/6] 13-9, 7 6-10 superintendent [so-/prin tEn/dant, soo/par in-] 5O-8 supermarket [so-/per/ miir/kat] 127 -1 8*

system lsis/tam]

sunset

lsin/

supervise [so-/par vizl] 1 7O-O supervisor [sd6/par vilzar] 1 65-8, 17 5-4 Supplies lsa plizl] 100,183 SUPPLIES lsa plrz/] 61, 180-181

1

11

to-r/l 220-4

Itak/ wrln/ ow/er bi forl C/tingl take out [tek/ owt/] 9-Y 60-Q,82

]

8-1 2

-)

a

written test ltek/ e rit/an tdst] 137-E take care of children [tek/ kdr/ av chil/dran] a

3-29

fuel injection system ffyo-o/al in j6k/shan sis/taml 1 58-1 7 stereo system lst6r/C 6 sis/tam] 56-8 SYSTEM lsis/taml 141 tab [tdb] 197-7 table lte/bal]

ltak/ dha ker/ ta dha ma kdn/ikl 157-C take the children to school Itak/ dha chil/dren te sko-Ul 38-G take the order [tak/ dhe orlder] 82-E take with food ltak/ with food/l 1 12-A

support lse port/l 179-18 support group [sa port/ gro-p/]

coffee table [ko/fe te/bal] 55*1 9

Taking

dining room table fdi/ning ro-m/ te/bel] 55-9 end table [6nd/ talbal] 56-14

TAKING ATRIP [ta/king e

1

surfboard [sUrf/b6rd/] 225-1 6 surfer [siir/far] 225-1 5 surfi ng fsi]rlfing] 227 -9, 227 -1 0, 227 + surgeon lsiir/janl f 21 -36 Surgeon lstir/jan] 93 surge protector lsi]rjl pre t6k/tar] 1 96-1

surgical [stir/ji kal] surgical cap fsur/ji kel kdp/1121-37 surgical gloves lsur/ji kal gllvzlll2l-39 surgical gown 15ij1lji kel gown/l 93-37, 121-38 surgical mask [silr/ji kal mdsk/] 93-36 surgical nurse

lstr/ji kal ntrsl]12O-9

surgical scrub cap fstir/ji kal skrrib/ k5p/l 93-35 surgical scrubs [siir/ji kal 5ft1[[7/] 93-38

sweat [sw6t]

sweatpants [sw6t/pdnts/] 89-23 sweatshirt lswdt/shu rtl] 89-22

0

trip/] 162-163

Taking Care ofYour Car fta/king (sy/ 3y y31 ki1/] 157

talk [tok]

tablecloth [ta/bal kl6th/] 55-1 2 tablespoon lta/bal spo-on/] 75-7 table tennis [ta/bal t6n/as] 228-1 4

traytable [tra/ ta/bel] 161-21 turntable [trirn/te/bel] 234-1 2 1

13-22,

1

13-27

Ita/king

talk talk talk talk

kdr ev yar

h6lth/l I 1 4-l r 5

about [t6k a bowt/]

1

3

74-L

on the phone [tdk/ on dha f6n/]

1 5-C to friends [t6k/ ta frdndz/] 1 73-A to the teacher ltok/ ta dha te/charl 6-8

tall [tol] 32-4 tambourine ltdm/ba ren/] 238-17 tan [t;n] 24-1 8 tangerines [tin/ja renzl] 68-9

tackle ltdk/al] 230-F taco [tii/k0] 79-8

tank ltingkl 158-10, 225-5

tanktop ltdngk/ tiip4 89-24 tank truck ltdngk/ trik] I 5G-20 tape ltep] clear tape lkler/ tap/] 1 83-30 correction tape Ika 16k/shan tap/] 183-37

tail pipe [tAl/ pip/] 158-15 tailor lta/lerl lOO-3

take [tak]

duct tape [d[kt/ tap4 1 8l -49

do not take with dairy products

ldo- niit/ tek/ with ddr/e pred/iktsl f 12-A take a bath ttek/ a bdth/l I O8-B take a break [tak/ a brak/] 1 t-H take a citizenship test

ltak/

276

1

60

picnic table Ipik/nik ta/bal] 224-8 pool table [po-l/ t;16s11 59-15

tail [tel] 216-22 tail light ltel/ lrt/] 158-13

/

1

talk [tok] talk show [tok/ sho/] 236-4 talk therapy [tok/ ther/ e pe] r 1 5-1

surprised [sar prrzd/, sa-] 43-30 suspenders [sa sp6n/darz] 94-l

[6s/yo-/ve/] [sport/ yot til/a te ve/i kal] 1 56-7 swallow [swdl/o] 116-J swap meet lswep/ mCt/] 222-6

Test [t6lking a tdst/]

9-B

I

1

night table [nit/ ta/bal] 58-23 operating table [ep/e relting ta/bal] 1 21 -40 periodic table Ipirls id/Ik ta/bal] 195-26

tags ltdgz] 92-1 5, r 36-1 3

suspense [sIs/p6ns] 237-20

a

ltik/ 6ks/razll

TAKING CARE OF YOUR HEALTH

Surgical Assistant [si.irlji kal a sis/tent] 93

SUV (sport-utility vehicle)

take x-rays

examination table [ig zdmla na/shan ta/bal] I l8-7 folding card table lfOl/ding kerd/ ta/bal] 102-4

tablet ltdb/lat]

f 2-B

+

ltAk/ dhe bris/ te skool/l 38-H take the car to a mechanic

Taking a Flight [ta/king a flit/]

supporter lsa por/tad 91-6 Supreme Court [se prem/ kdrt/] 138-1

1

take the bus to school

bed table [b6d/ ta/bal] 121-21 changing table fchan/jin9 ta/bel] 59-1

15-1 5

70-P

take ownership [tak/ 6/nar ship/] 49-K take temperature [tak/ t6m/pra char] 1 18-B

supply fsa pltt]127-21 supply cabinet lse pli/ kdb/e nat] 182-1 1

1

take off [tak/ ofl] 109-Q, r60-J take one hour before eating

1O

synagogue lsint a gdg tl 127 -1 6 synthetic materials [sin th6/tik me tir/e elz] 98

take

take cover ltak/ kiv/ar] 147-J take dictation [tak/ dik/ta shan] 1 71 -K take in ltak/ jn] 1 00-D take medicine [tak/ m6d/a san] 114-D take notes ftak/ nots/l 10-C

1

Swiss cheese lswisl chezl)71-27 switch lswichl 58-27 swollen finger [sw6/lsn fi6g/gar]

2l-38

sun [s[n] 209-8

su

[tak/ a dri/verz tra/ning kors/] 1 37-G a message [tak/ a m6s/ij] 171-Q take a nap [tak/ a 65p71 53-4 take a picture [tAk/ a pik/cher] 205,-8 take a seat [tak/ a set/] 6-F

wet suit [w6t/ soot/1225-4 suite lswet] 184-16 sumac [so-/mek]210-23

[tak/ a drl/varz 6jla ka/shen kors/] 137-B take a drivert training course

take

sweets lswCts] 84-9

jumpsuit ljImp/ s61,tt ] 93-24 three piece suit fthre/pes/ silot/l 88 +

summer [sIm/ed

take a driver education course

cardigan sweater [kiir/da gen sw6t/er] 88-2

e sit/a zan ship t6st/]

140-l

electrical tape [i lek/tri kal tep/] 181-43

masking tape [mis/king tep/] 181-53 pacKng tape Ip6k/ing tap/] 183-32 sterile tape lstdr/ el tap/] 1 l7-7 tape measure [tep mdzh/ar] l0O-1 7, 181-45


lndex target lter/gat] 231-7 taste ltest] 106-D tattoo ltd to-/] 32-18

tennis [t6n/as] 228-1 5 table tennis lta/bal tEn/as] 228-1 4 tennis court [tEn/as kort/] 224-6 tennis racket lt6n/es rdk/at] 231-2 tennis shoes [t6n/es shooz/] 95*32

tax / taxes ltdks] / [tdks/az] 27-8

taxi [tdk/sc] 150-3 hail a taxi [hal/ a tik/sc]

1

taxi driver ltik/sC dri/vea

52 1

+

tent lt6ntl 226-10

taxi license [tdk/s6 li/sens] 152-22 taxi stand ltdk/se stjnd/] 1 52-1 8 TB (tuberculosis)

[te/b6/] /

TDD [tC/de/de/]

l5-26

[to-o

termites

bi]rlkye lo/sas] I 1 l-1

tea kettle [te/ k6Vl] 54-21 teapot ltC/pat/l 55-1 6 7

term [t0rm] 139 + Terms [ti.irmz] 199

testing area [t6s/ting 6r/e a] 136-2 test tube [t6st/ toob4 1 95-42

5-6, 83-31

Test LtEstl 10

teacher [te/char] 5-8, 6-4, 22-5 teacher's aide [ta/charz ad/] 5-1 6

text [tâ&#x201A;Źkst] textbook ltdkst/b 6"q14 ,1pkisl -17-25 text box [t6kst/ bSks/, t6k5l-i197-13

team ftcml 1 45-20, 229-3 TEAM SPORTS [tcm/ sports/] 229

text message ltdkst/ mEs/ij, t6kst-]14-19 thank [th6ngk] r 2-E, I 74-N Thanksgiving [thangks giv/ing] 22-1 7

technical school [t6k/ni kal skool4 188-5 technician [t6k nish/an] computer technician

theater [thc/a

Ikam pyo-/tar t6k nish/an] 167-19,182-12 emergency medical technician (EMT)

theft [th6ft] 142-9

[i mur/jen sc

mdd/i

kal tdk nish/en]

/ [c/6m/te]

121-32 medical records technician

[m6d/i kal rdk/ardz t6k nish/an] 1 68-39 Technician [t6k nish/en] 93

teddy bear lted/e ber/] 37-23 teen /teenager [1gn] / [te/na/jsr]

3t-1

1

teething ring [te/d hin g r\ngt ] 37 -25 teeth / tooth ltcth] / [to-oth] 1 06-7 toothache [to-th/ak4 1 1 o-2 toothbrush [to-th/brlsh/] 57 -21, 109-22 toothbrush holder [to-oth/brr]sh/ hol/darl 57-22 toothpaste [to-th/past/] 1 09-23 telemarketer ltdl/a mdr/ka tar] 169-60

ltdl/a fon/l 14-15 Telephone Skills [tdl/a f6n/ skilz/] TELEPHONE

171

telescope [t6l/a sk6p/] 205-23 television /TV [t6l/a vizh/an] / [tC/ve/] 56-6

ll 5O-1 4 [flit/ pin/al te/vel]234-7 TV lflit/ skren/ te/vCl]234-7

big-screen TV lbig/skren/ te/ve

ta rl

125-6, 127 -23

therapist lthEr/ e pist] 115-12,115-14, 16a-45 therapy lth6r/ a pe] 1 I 5-1 1, 1 1 5-1 3 thermal undershirt [thtir/mal in/dar shtirt/] 91-2 thermometer lthar m:im/a tar] 1 18- l 1 thick [thik] 23-7

tim/] l8

temperature lt6m/pre cher] 110-8 temperature gauge [tEm/pre cher gaj/] 1 59-30 Temperature ltdm/pra charl 13 ten [tdn] 16 ten after one [t6n/ dfltar wun/] 1 8-8 ten dollars [tdn/ dal/arz] 26-9 1 0 percent [ten/ par s6nt/] 1 7-1 2 ten thousand [t6n/ thow/zand] l6 1 0-year-old girl [t66/yi1 eli/ gri rll] 3 I -1 0

229 +

time [tim] Alaska time [a las/ka tim/] arrival time [e rtlval

l9-28

ilm/] 161 +

Atlantic time let ldn/tik tim/] l9-33 Central time ls6n/tral tim/] 19-31 daylight saving time [da/lit/ se/vin9 tim/] 19-25 departure time ldi par/char tlm/]161 + Eastern

time [C/st3rn tim/] 19-32

Hawaii-Aleutian time lha wi/e a lo-/shan

tim/l 19-27

Mountain time lmown/tn tim/] 19-30 Newfoundland time

lnoo/fan lend tim/, -fand-] 19-34 flm/] 19-23,161-29 Pacific time [pa sif/ik tim/] 19-29 standard time lsun/derd tim/] 19-26 three times a week lthro timz/ a wek/] 20-24 time clock [tim/ klek/] 155-7 on time [en/ flm/, on/

TIME [trm] 18-19

l8

ltihad 78-18

THINGS lthingz] 23

timer

think [think] 191-E

Tlmes of Day [timzl av da/118

third lthiird] 16

Tlme Zones lttml zonzl119

Third Floor ;1[i;1d/ fl[1/] 50 thirsty [thi.irlstC] 42-2

tire [tir] I 58-5, 158-23,162-F tired ltird] 43-32 title [tit/l] 133-14, 190-5 toad [tod] 212-28 toast ltost] 80-4 toaster [to/ster] 54-6

thirteen [thilr/ten/] 16 thirteen colonies [thiir/ten/ kii/la n6z] 198-1

thirteenth [thiir/tenth/] 1 6 thirtieth [thrir/te eth] 15 thirty Lthur/tel l6 35 mm camera

lthur/tC fiv/ mil/e mC/ter kAm 1rc1235-21

thorn [thorn]

Telling Time [t6/ling

61 -1 9

2, 89-1 6, 92-1 3,

Time ltiml

flat screen

t]234-g

1

thin lthin] 23-8,32-9

this week ldhis/ wek/] 2O-19

portable TV lpor/ta bal te/vC

2

tie [ti] 85-A tiger [ti/gar] 21 7-37 tight [tit] 97-29 tights ltits] 91-19 tile [til] 57-10, 178-11,178-D

thighs lthiz] 7O-22, 106-19 thimble [thim/bal] 1 OO-1 5

flat panel TV

teller [t6l/ar] 132-1 Teller [tdl/ar] 132

1

20-l

ticket agent [tik/et a/jant] 1 60-3 ticket window [tik/at win/d6/] 1 52-1 2

tie [ti] 88-

l1/rpi15l 63-22

terrified [t6r/a fid/] 43 + test [t6st] 121-30 test booklet [t6st/ bo-ok/lat] 10-1

tea [te] 79-12,81 -39,81-40 teacup [te/kip] 55-6

teaspoon fte/spo-n/] teach ltcch] 170-Q

5

ft

tick [tik] 214-27 ticket [tik/at] 1 52-1 5,

21

-29 thread [thr,id] 99-23,100-1

I

tidal wave ltid/l wav/] 145-17 tide [tid] 225 +

tenth [t6nth] 16 Terminal [tur/ma nal] 160

52-21

Thursday lthUrz/de, -de]

I

1

1

three [thre] 15 three piece suit [thre/pes/ so-t/] 88 + 3-ring binder [th16/ ring/ btntdarlT-27 3/4 sleeved lth16/kwor/tar slev4 95-1 3 three times a week [thrC/ timz/ a wekll20-24

toaster oven [to/star riv/an] 54-1 5 today lta da/] 20-5 toddler [t;d/lar] 31-8 toe [t0] 92-6, 94-23, 1 O5-1 0 toenail [to/nal/] 105 + Tofu [to/fo]6/l 77 toggle bolt lteg/al bolt/] 180-38

to-go box lte go/ beks/] 82-5 toilet ltoy/latl 57-1 9 toilet brush [toy/lat brilsh/] 57-1 8 toilet paper [toy/lat pa/per] 57-17 ,146-13

throat [throt] 1O7 -35, 1 1 0-6, 1 1 1 -4 throat lozenges [throt/ lezlanjaz] 113-30

token [to/ken] 152-10 tomatoes [ta me/toz] 69-6

through lthr6bl 153-K

tomorrow [ta miir/6, -m6r/0] 20-6 tongs ltengz, ton gz) 7a-8, 195-44 tongue lting] 106-8 tog [to-] too big [to-o/ big/] 97-38 too expensive [to-o/ ik sp6n/siv] 97-44 too small [tdb/ smol/] 97-37

throw [thro] 230-C throw away lthro/ a wa/] I I -N throw up fthro/ ip/] 1 1 0-E throw pillow lthro/ pil/ol 56-2

tenant [t6n/ent] 50-6

thumb lthr]ml 106-16

TENANT MEETING ltdn/ant mC/tingl 54-65

thunderstorm [thin/dar storm/l 13-16

277


I

I

lndex

tool belt

[to-l/ bdlt/] 92-3

trees ltrCz] 2Oa-1, 239-1 6

TV Programs [tC/ve/ pro/grbmz] 236

[tr€zl an plents/] 210

TOOLS AND BUILDING SUPPLIES

TREES AND PLANTS

ltoolz/ an bil/ding sa plizl] 180-r8l tooth / teeth [to-oth] / [teth] 1 06-7

trench coat [tr6n chl kot/\ 90-21

toothache [t66th/ak4 1 1O-2 toothbrush lto-oth/brr]sh/l 57 -21, 109-22 /

i:sh /

TV / television

[te/va/] / [t6l/a vizhlan] 56-6

trial [tri/el] 140-5

big-screen TV Ibig/skren/ te/ve/] 5O-1 4 flat panel TV [fldt/ pin/al te/ve] 234-7

triangle [tri/ing/gal] 193-32 tricycle [tri/si kal] 224-1 2

flat screen TV [fldt/ skren/ te/ ve/] 234-7 portableTV lpor/ta bel te/ve/l 234-8

trigonometry ltrig/e niim/a trC] 192-18

tweezers llw

toothpaste [to-th/past/] 1 O9-23 top ttiipl 88-7,89-24'

trim ltrim] 176-8

twelfth [tw6lfth]

torn ltorn] 97-41 tornado ltor na/d6] f45-1 5

tripe [trip] 7O-8

toot

h b ru

s

h

h o Id e

r [to-ot

h

br

h

ol I d

arl 57 -22

trip ltrip] 1 52-1

6,

1

52-17

trowel [trow/al]

truck [trik] 150-5 dump truck ldimp/trik/] 156-19 fire truck [firl trr]ktj 144-10

paper towels fpa/par tow/elz] 54-3 rack ltowlalrdkll5T-13 towel . towelettes ltow/al 6tsl 146-12

tower [tow/ar] 195-3 town ltownl 52-3 town car [town/ ke(l]152-20 townhouse[town/hows/] 52-6, tow truck [to/ triktl 156-14

127 -22

2

tow truck [to/ truk/] 1 55-1 4 truck driver ltrik/ dri/var] I 69-61 TRUCKS [trnks] I 56

--

.

twenty-three [tw6n/tc thrC/] 16 twenty to two ltwdn/te ta to-/] 18-1 2

twenty-two [tw6n/te to-o/] 16 twice a week ltwis/ e w€k/] 20-23 twig [twig] 210-1

2-door car [to-/dor kertl156-2

trunks ftringks] 1 58-1 1, 210-4, 217 -47 swimming trunks [swim/in g tring15 tl gO-22

try on [tri/on] 95-C 60-5

T-shirt [te/shiirt/] 85-4

tsunami [soo nii/ me/, tsoo-] 145-1 7

two-story house [tdo/stor/C hows/] 52 + two-way radio ltdb/wa rald€ o] 179-22 2 x 4 (two by four) [too/ bi/ forl] 181-19

type [tip] 170-R, r96-A type a letter [tip/e l6t/er]

1 71 -A typethe message ltipr 6Y'" m6s/ij] 197-E type the subject ltip/ dha srib/jiktl 1 97-D

track ftrdkl 5-21, 1 52-1 4 track and field ftrdk/ an feld/] 228-1 8

tub ltr]bl

tractor [trdk/ter] 1 77-9 tractor trailer [tr5k/ter tra/lar] 1 56-1 5 traffic light ltrdf/ik lit/] 128*8

tuba ltob/bal 238-12 tube [to-b] 7 4-1 2, 7 4-24, 195-42

Types of Health Problems

tuberculosis (TB)

Types of Job Training ltips/ ev jeb

TRAFFIC SIGNS

tragedy [trdj/a dc] 237 -1 4 trailer [tr6/ler] 1 56-1 5, 156-17 train ltran] 1 5O-7, 233-27

Training ftra/ningl I 72 Train Station ltran/ sta/shan] 1 52

71

1

-O

translator [trenzlle/tar, trdns/-] 1 68-35 Transmission ltrenz mish/en, tr;ns-] 159 Transportation ltrdns/per ta/shen] 1 52 TRANSPORTATION [tr;ns/par ta/shan] 1 5O-l 51, 1 52 trash ltrdsh] trash bin

bdgzll61-24

[trish/ bin/] 51-23

trash chute [trdsh/ sh66t/]

travel [triv/al]

41

5l-26

f3l-14

7, 83-1 0

traytable ltra ta/bal] 151-21 Tree [tr6] 210

278

type your password [tip/ yer pds/wr]rdll I 97-A Itips/ av hdlth/ priib/lamzl 1 15

| fi a I ning] 172

Types of Material ltips/ av ma tir/e al] 99 Types of Math [tips/ av mdth/] 192

tulip [to-o/lep] 21 r -1 tuna [to-/ne] 7 1 -7, 72-1 tuner [to-/nar] 234-13

Types of Movies ltips/ ev mdb/vCz] 237

Types ofMedication [trps/ av mdd/a ka/shan] 113 9,

212-8

Types of Music ltips/ ev myd6/zik] 237

turbulence [ti.irlbye lans] t 51 -22 turkey [tiir/ke] 7 O-17, 239-1 4

tiir/kc] 76-4

smoked turkey [smokt/ tiir/kC] 71-25 turn [tiirn] 154-5, 1 54-7, 1 54-B turn signal [tUrn/ sig/nal] I 58-6, 1 59-34

turnstile [tr.irn/stil/] I 52-8 turntable [tUrn/te/belj 234-1 2

turn [tUrn] turn in [t0rn/ in/] f91-M

turn left lttirn/ 16ft/] 1 55-C turn off ltiirn/ ofl] r r -B 160-1, 174-c,219-G turn on [tUrn/ dn/, -iin/] 1 1-B turn right lturn/ nt/] 155-B turnips ltrir/neps] 59-16 tu rq uoise

-P

travel agency ftrdv/el a/jan se] tray [tre] 55-t

-2

Tuesday [to-oz/da, -dC] 20-1 0

roasted turkey [ros/tad

transcribe ltren skrib/] 171-C transfer [tr5ns fur l, trinslfarl 1 52-5

trash bags ltrdshl

57

1

training [tra/ningl 172-2, 172-5, 172-7 training pants ftra/ning pdnts/] 37-1 1

transfer ltrdns fiir/, trdns/far] translate [trdnzllat] 8-C

bathtub lbeth/tUbtl

lto- b0r/kya l6/sasl / [te/bC/] 1 r I -1 5

ltrdf/ik sinz/] r 54

lljlt I koyz, -kw oyzl 24-9

turtle [ttjr/tl] 213-43 turtleneck [ti.irltl n6k4 96-9 tusk ltusk] 21 7-48 tuxedo

1

twenty-four [tw6n/te for] l6 twenty-one [tw6n/to win/] 15

two [to-]16

1

TSA agent [tC/6s/A/ A/jant] I

gamzll59

l6

twins ltwinz] 28-1

trumpet [trim/pat] 238-1 Trunk ltringk] 158

toy ltoyJ toy chest [toy/ ch6st/] 59-1 6 toy store [toy/ stor/] f 30-5 Toys and Games ltoyzl an

Vjktl

I trlktl 175-11 pickup truck Ipik/ip trik/] I 56-1 tank truck [t5ngk/ trilk/] 1 56-20 hand truck [hdnd

[h;nd/ tow/al] 57-15

hand towel

-4

twenty-first [tw6n/te fiirst/] 16 twenty-five ltw6n/te fiv/] 16 25 percent ltw6n/fiv/ par s6nt/] I 7-l

17 6-1 0, 178-1 3

garbage truck [gert bij

1 17

t6

twenty after one [tw6n/te dfltar win/] 18-10 twenty dollars [tw6n/tc dal/arz] 26-10

0

total [tot/l] 27-9

dish towel ldish/ tow/el] 61-22

zerzl

twentieth ltwdn/te eth] 16 twenty ltwdn/te] 16

totebag [tot/ bitgl] 9a-19 touch ltich] 105-E towel [tow/al] bath towel lbeth/ tow/al] 57-14

I

twelve [twdlv]

tripod [tri/pad] 235-25 trombone [trem bon/] 238-1 trout ltrowt] 7l-1

torso [tor/so/] 105 + tortoise ltor/tas] 2l 3-42

C

[tik se/d6] 89-l

7

Types ofTV Programs ltips/ av tC/v1l prqlgrdmz]236

ugly l1stle123-22 umbrella [[m br6l/a] 90-17,225-14 umpire [im/pir] 229 + uncle

Iing/kal] 34-8

uncomfortable

[in kirmf/ta bal, -ter-] 42-9

unconscious [r)n/kiin/shas]

1

16-A

under lin/darl 25-1 0, 1 53-A long underwear ilong/ rin/ds1 ry54

91

-3

thermal undershirt lthiir/mal rin/dar sh0rt] 91-2 underexposed lIn/dar ik spozd/] 235-35 underpants Iin/der pints/] 91-14 undershirt [in/dar shiirt/] 91-l

underline [r]n/dar lin/l 9-S Under the Hood

lin/dar dh3 [6-sd/] 1 58

Underwear [r]n/ds1 uysl/l 91 UI)IDERWEAR AND SLEEPWEAR

lin/dar wdr/ an slCp/wer/l undress [an d16s/] 36-E

91


lndex unfurnished apartment

vacuum lvdk/yo-m]

nisht e part/ ment] 48*4

lin/fiir

uniform [yo-/na form/] 88-1 0, 231-16

in/dar wer] 91 [yo-he vur/sel ri m6t/] 234-9

viirs/] 205 university [yo-o/ne vtir/sa tC] 188-7 unload lin lod/] 101-E unpack fin pdk/] 49-N

vacuum cleaner attachments

vital signs monitor lvit/l sinz/ men/a tar] vitamins lvilte manz] 1 l3-1 7

tdch/ments] 61-1

a

1

vacuum cleaner bag

vocational [v6 ka/sha nal] vocational school [vo ka/sha nal skool/] 't88-5 vocational training lvo ka/sha nal tra/ningl 1 72-5

valley [vdl/C] 204-17 valuables

t2l-26

v-neck fve/n6k/] 96-8

fvik/yo-m kl6/nar bdg/] 6l-12 vacuum lvdk/yoom] 60-H

UNIVERSE [yoo/na

19

visor lvi zer] I 79-1 2

fvik/yo-om kle/nar

Unisex Underwear lyoolne s6ks/

1

vacuum cleaner lvek/yo-m kle/ner] 61-10

Unisex Socks [yo-/na s6ks/ siiks/] 91 universal remote

Visit lvi/zatl

fvil/ya balz, -ye wa-] 1 32-8

voice message [voys m6s/ij] 14-18

valve lvdlv] 145-4

volcanic eruption lviil kdn/ik i rrjp/shen] I 45-1 6

unraveling

van [vAn] 155-13, 156-18

unripe

vandalism fvin/da lizlam] 142-1 vanity plate [ve/na tC plat/] 1 36 +

volleyball lval/C bol/] 229-1 4, 231 -3 Volume [viil/yam, -yo-m] 75, 193

[in rdvlal ing] 97-43 [in rip/] 68-31

unscented lrln s6n/tadl 108 + unscramble Iin skr6m/bel] 9-W

cut up [kr]t/

vase [ves, vaz, vez]

VCR

itpllTT-l [p/] 75-10

look up ilo-ok/ np/l 8-A pick up [pik/ np/] 6-1, 1 1 -E, 38-M pop-up ad [pep/ np 5d/] 1 97-9

'-*

upstairs

[ip/rit/ sat/] 161-28

sdt/] 43-28

Uranus fyo-or/a nas, yo-o ralnasl 205-7

vending machine [v6n/ding ma sh€n/] 1 52-9 vendors [vdn/darzl 84-7, 129-29 ventilation mask lvdnt/al a/shan misk/] 92-7

waitress [wa/tres] 83-9

Venus [ve/nas] 205-2

walk [wok] 53-2

vest lvdst]

89-l

1

U.S.

USB

lhttvizta bil/e tE sef/te v6stl 92-6 il rfl v6st/l 1 61 -25, 226-1 4

port lyo-/6s/ be/ port/l 196-7

use [yo-oz] use a cash register fyo-zla kdsh/ r6jla star] 170-5

lyo-zle kr6/dat klirdll27-B

use a debit card lyo-zla d6/bet ketd/127-C use a gift card lyCozt a giftt kerdtl2T-E use deodorant [y662ld€ 6/dar ant] 1 O8-C use energy-efficient bulbs

[y662l 6n/arje ifilshent br]lbzl 219-H use punctuation lyo-ozl pringk/ch66 6/shanl 190-C Used Car

lyoozdl karll 157 his/ta re] 198

U.S. NATIONAL PARKS

[yo-/6s ndsh/e nal pdrks/] 220-221 utensi ls [yo-o tEn / salz]

79

-1 9

utility / utilities lyoo til/a te] / [yoo til/a t6z]

4A-5,156-7 U-turn [yo-/tii

rn

walk to class [w6k/ ta klds/] 1 1-C

walk up [wok/ np/] 153-C walk with a friend [wok/ with

Veterans Day lvdtlar

anzdall22-16

veterinarian lv6t/ar a ner/e an] 169-62 vice president [vis/ pr6zle dant] 138-9 victim [vik/tem] 142-10 video lvid/e o]

drywall [drr/wol/] 178-1 9

video player fvid/e o pla ar] 197-1 video store lvid/e o stor/l f29-20 0

walrus [wol/ras] 21 3-32 war [wor] 199-1 0 Revolutionary War I16/va loo/sha ndr/e wor/] 198-8 warehouse [wdr/hows/] 1 75-7 warm lworm] 13-4

1

tap/] 240-A

view [vyo-]

warm clothes lworm/ kl6z/] 146-6

sideview mirror [sid/vyo-/ mir/ad 158-3

wash [wash, wdsh]

mouthwash Imowth/wash/, -wosh/-] 109-25 washcloth lwiish/kldth/, woshl -] 57 -4 wash [wiish, wosh]

vineyard lvinl y erdl 177 -1 6 violence [vi/lans, vi/a-] 142-4 21 I

vacancy sign [vii/kan se sin/] 50-7

vise [vis] 180-26

vacation lva ka/shan] 22-6 vaccination lvdk/se na/shan] 1 14

vision [vi/zhan] vision exam fvi/zhan ig ziml] 1 36-6 vision problems fvi/zhan prdb/lamz] I 15-1

+

wash clothes [wiish/ klOzl, wosh/-] 219-K wash hair fwiish/ hiir/, w6sh/-] r 08-E

-23

violin fvila l\ntl 238-6 virus [vi/ras] 111-17

/] 1 54-5

warning label fwor/ning lalbal] f 12-8 Warnings [wor/ningz] I l2

village [vi/lij] 52-3 vine [vin] 210-22

violet [vi/a lat, vi/lat] 24-8,

fr6nd/] 143-A

wallpaper fwol/pp/par] 59-8 wallet lwii/let, wo/-] 94-13

videocassette [vid/e o ke s6t/] 1 33-1 8 video game console fvid/e o gdm/ kiin/sOl/] 232-3 video game control lvid/e o gem/ kan trol/] 232-4

videotape [vid/6

a

walker [wo/kar] 113-1 1 wall [wol] 56-10, 194-5

rearview mirror Iiirlvyo-ol mir/ar] 159-35

used clothing [y66zd/ kl6/dhin g] 1O2-2 U.S. HISTORY [yo-o/6s/

walk [wok] walk a dog [wok a dog/] r 29-F walk down [wok/ down/] 153-D

life vest

Capitol [ydb/6s/ ke/pat al] t 38-1 route [yo-/6s/ r'otl, -towtll154-17

use a credit card

crosswalk Ikros/wdk4 1 28- l 5 walk-in freezer lwok/in fre/zarl 185-3

5

Hi-Visibility safety vest

U.S.

wait staff [wat/ st;f4 185 + wake up [wak/ [p/] !3-4

94-1 3

urchin lilr/chanl 212-21 U.S.

2

waiting area [w;/ting dr/e a] 182-16 Waiting Room [wa/ting 1e-e6/] 118

down vest ldown/ v6st] 90-'14

[ym/iirl61/] 197-4 [yo-/6s/]

waistband twast/bdnd/l tOO-5 wait [wet] 94-8,128-8,170-T waiter lwa/tad 82-8 headwaiter [h6d/wd/tar] 1 85-1

,156-10

urban area fiir/ban 6rle a] 52-1 URL

waist apron [wast/ a/pran] 93-30

vein [van] 107-37 velvet lvdl/vetl 99-1 0

verdict [vi]r/diktl f 41-14 vertebrates [viir/ ta brats]

[ip/stdrz/] 5l +

4

+

vehicles [ve/i kalz] 1244,156-7

9

wagon [wd/gen] 156-6 waist lwist]

69

vegetarian [v6j/e ter/C en] 70

throw up lthro/ rlp/] I r0-E wake up [wak/ r]p/l 38-A walk up [wok/ lp/] 153-C

lip

waffles lwd/falz, wo/-l 80-8 wages [we/jiz] 165-12

Vegetable [v6j/ta bel] 77 vegetables [v6j/ts 6"1t1 66-8, 72-27, a1 -32 vegetable garden [vdj/13 5"1 gitrl dn] 53-27, 177-1 vegetable peeler [v6j/13 631 pe/lar] 78-15 VEGETABLES [v6j/ta balz]

lptl173-l

stand up lstdnd/ rip/] 6-D stopped up [stiipt/ ip/] 63-1

upset

[v€/se/iirl] 102-7

veal cutlets [vCl/ kut/lats] 70-6

get up [g6t/ np/] 38-B hang up [hdng/ r]p/1 r5-D 101-H

upright seat

volunteer lvdl/en t]r/] 41-Q vomit [vam/at] 110-E vote [vOt] 1 4O-A

55-23

vault [volt] 132-6

eggs sunny-side up [692l sUn/C 5ifl/

set up [s6t/

volunteer [vdl/en tnl] 121-17

variable [v6r/d e bel] 192-1 2

up [[p] buckle up lbnk/al np/] 36-L clean up lklen/ np/l 147-M

I

...

wash the dishes fwdsh/ dha dlsh/az, w6sh/-l 60-M wash the windows

.

lwesh/ dha win/doz, wosh/-] 5O-l -] 50-12, 1 01 -3, 1 80-37

washer [wd/shar, wol

.

dishwasher [dish/wiish/er,

-wo-] 54-8, 185-2

279


Itno.* washing [wii/shIng, wo/-] 6l-21 wasp fwiisp, wospl 21 4-17

weekdays lyssll iaTtl 2O-1 6

waste lwest] 1 21 -31, 21 a-1 2 wastebasket [wa stl bes / ket] 57 -26

hot water [hat/ wo/ter] 57-8 hot water bottle [het/ wo/tar bot/l]

11

3-1 5

watermelons [w6/tar mdl/anz] 68-1 8 water pollution lwo/ter pa lo-o/shonl 218-14 water polo [wo/tar po/lo] 229-15 waterskiing lwi) | tar ske l\ngl 227 -7

way [we] hallway lhiil/w-/] r 84-l 8 one way [win/ wa/] 154-3

[win/wa/ trip/] t 52-1 6

Ways to Conserve Energy and Resources

fwazl te kan surv/ 6n/arjE n r€/scjr/saz, -ri sor/sazl 21 9 Ways

to

Pay [wazl

gdt/ w6l/] 1 14

E pel]27

Ways to Serve Eggs [wazl ta

siirvl 69zl]76

Ways to Serve Meat and Poultry

lwdzl te st]rvl mCt/ n pol/tre/l 76 [wizl ta st5/ w6l/] 1 14

Ways to Stay Well

Ways to Succeed fwazlta sak s€d/] I 0

weak signal [wCk/ sig/nel] WEATHER [w6dh/ar]

l4-12

r3

Weather Conditions lw6dh/ar kan dish/enzl Weather Map [w6dh/ar

l3

mip/] 13

webcam ;11yi[/fti6/] 196-1 2 Webpage lw|btpeg/|197 website address lw6b/sit a dr6s/] 197-4 wedding [w6/ding] 22-2 Wednesday [w6nz/da, -de] 20-1

1

weed [wed] seaweed [5e/

wgi/] 225 +

weed eater fvyed/ g/1sr] 1 76-1 2 weed whacker [wed/ wdk/er]

1

76-1 2

weed [w€d] 176-G week [w6k] 20- 1 5 last week ildst/

wek/l 20-1

8

next week [n6kst/ wek/] 20-20 once a week

[winsl sy'1Qlll2O-22

this week [dhis/ wek4 2O-19

three times twice

280

a

a

week lthre/ timz/ a wekll20-24

week ftwis/ e wek/l 20-23

redwood Ir6d/wo-od]

21 O-1 8

wood floor [wo-od/ florl] 58-21 woodpecker [wo-od/p6k/ar] 21 4-8

wet suit [w6t/ s66tt]225-4 whacker lwdkl erl 17 6-1 2 whale [wal] 213-29

wood screw [wo-od/ skro-/] 180-33 wood stain lwo-od/ stan/l 181-24 woodworking kit [wo-od/wir/king kit/] 232-14 wooden spoon [wo-od/n spo-n/] 78-9 Woodwinds [wo-od/windz/] 238 wool

[wot-ol]

61-5,98-3

word [wiird] 190-1 word problem fwtird/ prii/blam] 192-1

whisk lwisk] 78-21

Words [wordz] 8

whiskers fwis/karzl 216-1 8

work [wijrk/] 121 -30, 1 54-1 6 workbook [wiirk/bot-ok/] 7-26

white [wit] 24-14 whiteboard [wit/bord/] 6-3 white bread [wit/ br6d/] 71-1 8 White House [wit/ hows/] 138-7 whole salmon [hol/ sdm/an] 71-3 wide [wid] 97-36 widow [wid/6]41 +

two-way radio [too/wa/ raldE o]179-22 wrong way lrongl wall154-2

Ways to Get Well [wazl ta

wood [wo-od] 178-18 plywood [pli/wo-od] 1 78-1 7

wheelbarrow [wCl/bdr/6] f 76-3 wheelchair lwel/cheri ] 113-9 wheel cover [wel/ kr)v/er] 158-9

wave [wav] 2-F wavy hair [wa/ve hdr/] 33-1 0

in/dar wdr/] 9l

Women's Underwear [wi/manz

wheat [wet] 177-2 wheat bread lwat/ br6d/l 7l -1 9 wheel [wel] 159-26

water [wo/tar] 176-F WATER SPORTS lwo/tar sports/] 227 wave [wev] 145-17, 225-17

1

Women's Socks [wi/menz siiks/] 91

well [w6l] 42-14 Well [w6l] 114 west lwdstl 155-2 western [w6s/tarn] 237 -1 5 wet lw6tl 101-17

water fountain [wo/ter fown/tn] 224-9 water glass [wo/tar glds/] 83-22

work gloves [wLirk/ glilvz/] 92 -17 ,179-17

work shirt lwijrk/ shijrt/] 92-2

work lwurk]

WINTER AND WATER SPORTS

lwin/ter an wo/tar sports/] 227 wipe [wip] 5O-O wipers [wi/parz] 158-2

8-1,

lO-J,38-K

WORK lwLirk] 186-187 Work Clothes [w0rk/ kloz/] 88

worker [w0r/kad careful worker Ik6r/fal wUr/ker] 179-2 careless worker lkdr/las wtir/kerl t 79*1 childcare worker [child/k6r wiir/ker] 165-1 6 construction worker lkan strik/shen w0r/kar] 178-1

dockworker [diik/wi.irlker] 1 67-23 factory worker ffdk/ta re wiir/kar, -trel I 75-3 farmworker [fiirm/wrir/kar]

1

77-8

food preparation worker

[fd6d/ pr6p

windshield [wind/ sheld4 158-1 windshield wipers [wind/sheld/wi/parz] 158-2

winter lwin/tarl 2l-40 winter scarf lwin/ter/skiirf/] 9O-5

1

work light [wtirk/ lrt/] 181-44 work pants [wiirk/ pdnts/] 92-5

widower [wid/6 er] 41 + width lwidth, witth] r7-1 9 wife lwrfl 34-12 ex-wife [6ks/ wif/] 35 + former wife lfor/mar wif/] 35 + wild [wild] 215 + wildlife fwild/lifl 220-3 willow [wil/o] 210-13 win [win] 229 + wind [wind] windbreaker lwind/bra/karl 90-24 wind power fwind/ pow/ar] 218-2

windsurfing fwind/stjr/fing] 227 -10, 227 + window [win/d61 47 -1 1, 56-17, 136-7 drive-thru window [driv/thro-/ win/d6] 128-1 ricket window ltik/at win/do] 1 52-1 2 window pane [win/do pdn/] I 78-1 6 windy [win/de] 13-18 wine glass [win/ glSs/] 83-23 wing [wing] 70-20, 21 4-1

l4-14

woman [wo*om/an] 30-2 women [wi/men] 30-3

lwdts/ an m6zh/er mantsl 75 welder [w6l/dar] 1 69-63

watercolor fwo/tar kril/ar] 233-21 waterfall lwa/ter fol/] 204-2

one-way trip

witness lwit/nasl 141-1 wolf lwo-olfl 216-5

WEIGHTS AND MEASUREMENTS

1

sttip / ar] 1 81 -42

wiring [wir/ing] 186-7 withdraw fwidh dro/, with-] 132-F

weights lwets] 231-22

cold water IkOld/ wo/tar] 57-7

I

-23

wireless headset [wir/las h6d/s6t]

Weight [wat] 32,75 weightliftin g [wat/lif/tin g] 228-1 6

water [wo/tar] 209-3, 225-1 body of water lbiid/€ av wo/tar] 204 +

5, 61

wire stripper [wir

weigh [wa] 75-B weight lwatl 32-8

watch lwiich, woch] 94-16 watch lwiich, woch] 39-X, 147-C

bottled water lbiit/ld wo/tar] 146-1

wipes fwipsl 37 -1 wire [wir] 181-13

weekend fyygk/ind/] 20-1 7 Week [wCk] 20

a ralshan

wtir/ker] I 85-4

garment worker [gdrlmant w0r/katl167 -29 postal worker Ip0/stal w0r/ker] 169-49 sanitation worker [sdn/a ta/shan wi]r/karl 169-54 social worker lsoirshel wilr/kerl 1 69-57 1

Worker [wi]r/kad 92,93 working [wiir/king] not working Inat/ wUr/king] 62-1 woodworking kit [wo-od/wiir/king kit] 232-14 Working with a Partner [wtir/king with a pert/ner] 8 Working with Your Classmates

[wilr/king with yer klSs/mats/] 8 work out [wUrk/ owt/] 230-N WORKPLACE [w0rk/ plas/] 164-165 WORKPLACE CLOTHING

fwtirk/ plas/ ki6/dhing] 92-93


lndex

I

world lw0rldl world languages lwtirld/ ling/gwi jaz] 189-13 world m usic [wi.i rld/ myo-o/zik] 237 -32 WORLD MAP

[w0rld/mip/] 2O2-2O3

WORLD HISTORY [wUrld his/ta rE] 199

worm [wUrm] 212-23 worried [wtr/Ed] 42-13 wtap Vepl72-24

wrap [rdp] 240-F wrench [r6nch] 1 5a-22, 1 81 -47, wrestling [r6s/ling] 228-1 7

1A1

-48

wrinkled [ring/kald] 1 01-1 9 wrist kistl 106-14 wristwatch frist/wiich/, -wochll 94-1 6

write [rit] write write write write write write write

a check

kit/

e ch6k/l

27-D

[rit/ e kiv/er l6t/ar] 173-G a final draft [rit/ a filnel drdft/] 191-L a first draft [rit/ a fiirst/ drift4 191-H a note [rit/ e n6t/] 135-A a cover letter

a resume a

[titl a tElza ma/] 173-F

thank-you note

lrit/.a thdngk/ yo- not/l 1 74-O write back [rit/ b;k/] 135-H

write on the board [rit/ 6n dhe b6rd/] 6-E writer ki/terl 169-64 Writing and Revising [rilting an ri vi/ z'ng]

l9l

Writing Process lrilting pre/sEs] 191 Writing Rules [n/ting ro-lz] 190 wrong way [rdngl

wll)154-2

xylophone lzilla fon/l 238-l 5 yard [yiirdl courtyard [kort/ yerd/] 51-21 yardstick [yiird/stik4 r 81 -1 6 YARD [yiird] 53

yamlyenl233-22 year [ylr] 20-4, 31 -9, 31 -1 0 Year [yir] 21

yellow lydl/o] 24-2 yesterday [y6s/tar dat, -dE]2O-7 yield [yeld] 154-9

yogalyotga)122-4

yoguttly'lgartlT2-22 32-l

young [ying]

Your First License lyar YOUR HEALTH [yar

fiirst/ lilsansl 1 37

h6lth/l 1r4-11s

zebra lzetb/'e1217-33

zerclzftlol16 ZIP code

lz\pt kddtl4-9

zippet lzipletl99-25 Zones [zonz] 19

zoolz'o7222-1 zoom lens lzdoml lEnzl)235-23 zucchini [zd6 k6/n6] 69-25

281


ICeographical lndex Continents

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Lesotho Ia so/to,

Africa ldflri ka] 202-5

[d6m/a krdt/ik ri pr)b/lik av dha kiing/96] 203 Denmark lddn/miirkl 203

Lesser Antilles ll6/sar

Devon lsland [d6v/an i/land] 200

Libya flib/e el 203

Eu

rope [yo-or/ap] 202-3 North America [north/ e m6r/a ke] 200-201,202-1

Djibouti [ji bo-/te] 203 Dominican Republic [da min/i kan ri prib/lik] 2O1,2O2

Lithuania flith/oo a/ne el 203 Luxembourg flrik/sam bijrg/l 203

Ecuador [6k/we dor/] 202

South America [sowth/ a mdr/a ka] 202-2

Egypt le/jiptl 203

Macedonia lmds/a doha a] 203 Madagascar [mid/a gds/kar] 203

Antarctica l;nt erk/ti ka, -arltj-1202-7 Asia lat zhal 2O2-4 Australia [o stral/ya] 202-6

Countries and other locations Afghanistan [dfgdn/a stin/] 203 Albania [dl ba/ne a] 203 Aleutian lslands [a loo/shan i/landz] 2OO,2O3 Algeria [dljTr/e a] 203 American Samoa la mdr/a kan sa mo/al 202 Andaman lslands [5n/da man i/landz] 203 Angola [dng go/leJ 203 Argentina [iirljan t€/na] 202 Armenia [iir me/ne a] 203 Austria lo/strc al 203 Azerbaijan [dzler bijiin/] 203 Azorcs

Bahamas [ba hii/maz] 2OO,2O2 Bangladesh Ibiing/gle d6sh/,

bing/-] 203

Banks lsland lbiinks/ T/land] 2

Belarus Ibe/la roos/, by6l/a-] 203 Belgium [b6l/jam] 203 Belize [ba lezl] 2O1, 2O2 Benin lba nin/, -nen/] 203 Bermuda lslands fbar myo-olda

tl landz]2OO,2O2

Bhutan [bo- tan/] 203 Bolivia lba liv/e a] 202 Bosnia fbiizlne a] 203 Botswana [bet swa/na] 203 Brazil lbre

zjlll2O2

[bil gdr/e

a] 203

Burkina Faso lbar ke/na fii/so] 203 Burma fbiir/msl 203

Burundi fbo-o ro-on/d€l 203 Cambodia lkdm b6/d6 a] 203 Cameroon [kim/e ro-on/] 203 Canada

fkin/a de] 200,202

Canary lslands lke ndr/C Cape Verde [kap/

i/

landz] 203

vtird/] 202

Central African Republic

lsdn/tral 5flri kan ri pib/lik] 203 Chad lchddl 203 Chile [chil/e] 202 China fchr/na] 203

Colombia [ka lim/be e] 202 Comoros fkdm/a rozl 203 Congo lkang/go] 203 Cook lslands [ko-ok/ i/lendz] 202 Corsica Ikor/si ka] 203 Costa Rica [kos/ta relka, kasl-]2O1,2O2 Croatia Ikro e/sha] 203 Cuba lkyot/ba] 201,202 Cyprus [si/pras] 203 Czech Republic [ch6k/ ri pnb/lik] 203

282

Estonia

16

st6/ne al 203

Maldives lmol/devz, mal/-l 203 Mali [mii/le] 203

Ethiopia [C/the o/pC e] 203

Malta [mol/te] 203

Federated States of Micronesia

lf6/da raltad stets/ ev mi/kre ne/zhal 203 Fiji tfe/jel 203

Marshall lslands Imiir/shal i/landz] 203 Mauritania [mor/a ta/ne e] 203 Mauritius lmo rish/as] 203

Finland lfin/land] 203

Mexico Im6k/si ko/l 2OO, 2O1, 2O2

France ffrdns] 203

Moldova [mol do/ve, miil-] 203 Monaco [miin/e ko/] 203 Mongolia fmiing go/le a] 203

[friinzl yolsaf ldnd/] 203

in/a, -ii/nal 202

French Polynesia [fr6nch/ piil/a ne/zha] 202 Gabon fgd bon/] 203

Montenegro Imiin/te ne/gro, -n6/-] 203 Morocco lma rak/6] 203

Gambia fgdm/be e] 203

Mozambique Im0/zem bek/] 203 Namibia [na mib/e a] 203

Georgia [j6rlja] 203

Nepal fne pol/,

Germany [jilrlma ne] 203

Netherlands [n6dh/ar landz] 203 New Caledonia [no-/ kdl/e d6/ne a] 203

Ghana fgiilna] 203 Greater Antilles [gra/tar

in til/Cz] 20l

-piil/] 203

New Zealand Ine-o/ zelland] 203

Greece [gres] 203

Nicaragua Inik/a riilgwal 201,202

Greenland [gren/land, -lind t] 2OO, 2O2 Guam fgwiim] 203

Niger [ni/jar, n5 2fiiy/] 203

Guatemala [gwe/ta me/le] 201,202

Northern Mariana lslands

Guinea [gin/e] 203

[nordh/ern md/r€ 5/ne i/landz] 203 North Korea ln6rth/ ka re/al 203

Guinea-Bissau lgin/e bi sow/] 203 Guyana lgi dn/a] 202

Haiti fha/tel 2O1,2O2

Brunei [bro- ni/] 203 Bulgaria

Madeira lslands [me dir/e i/landz] 203

Malawi [ma lii/we] 203 Malaysia lma lalzhal 203

GalSpagos lslands fga lii pa gos i/landz] 202

Bahrain [bd y;n/] 203

bir/e al 203

dor/] 2O1,2O2 Equatorial Guinea [e/kwa t6r/6 al gin/6,6k/wa-] 203 Eritrea [6rla tre/a] 203

French Guiana lfr6nch/ ge

Baffin lsland lbdf/an I/landl 200

|i

Ellesmere lsland [6]/as mir/ i/land] 200 El Salvador [6] sdl/va

Franz Josef Land

lelzotzl202

Liberia

-s6b/to-] 203 in til/ezl 2O1,2O2

Nigeria Ini

jirle al 203

Norway Inor/w6] 203 Oman [o 6in/] 203

Hawaiian lslands lha wi/en i/landsl 20O 202

Pakistan [p6k/e

Hispaniola Ihis/pan y6lla] 2Ol

Palau lpa Iow/l 203

Honduras lhiin do-or/as] 201,202

Panama lpdn/a mi) tl 2O1, 2O2

Hong Kong lhiing/ kiing/] 203 Hungary

[hing/ga

re] 203

lceland [is/land] 203

lndia [in/de a] 203 lndonesia finrda n[/zhs] 203 lran [i riin/, i rdn/l 203 lraq [i rek/, I rdk/] 203 lreland lirlland] 203 lsrael [izlre el, Italy

[it/l

C]

-re-] 203

203

Papua New Guinea

lpip/yo-

a n6-s/

gip/[] 203

lpir I e gwtl, -gwa ll 2O2 Peru fpa ro-/] 202 Paraguay

Philippines [fi]/a penz/, frl/a p4n7tl2O3 Poland Ip6/land] 203

Portugal Ipor/che gal] 203 Puerto Rico [pwdrita re/ko, p6r/ta-J 2O1,2O2 Qatar lke/tar, ka ter/] 203 Romania [rO mA/ne a, ro-o-] 203 Russia

lvory Coast [iv/rC kost/] 203

slin/] 203

kish/al 203

Rwanda [ro-o dn/da] 203

Jamaica [ja md/ka] 201,202

Samoa [se mo/a] 202

Japan lja pdn/] 203

Saudi Arabia lsow/de a ralb€ a, so/de-] 203

Jordan Uor/dnl 203 Kazakhstan fkii/zik stdn/] 203

Serbia [siir/be a] 203

Kenya Ik6n/ya, kCn/-] 203 Kiribati Ikii/a $i5/] 203

Senegal [sdn/a

g 6l

t, -gi)lll 2O3

Seychelles [sE sh6lz/, -sh6l/] 203 Sierra Leone lse dr/a le on/, -le d/nE] 203 Singapore [sing/a por/] 203

Kuwait [ko- wet/] 203 Kyrgyzstan [kir/gi stiin/, -stdn/] 203 Laos !ows, lA/6sl 203

Sloveqja [slo ve/ne a] 203

Latvia il:rt/ve el 203

Society lslands [sa si/a te i/landz] 202

Lebanon flEb/a nan.

-niin/l 203

Slovakia [slo va/ke a] 203

Solomon lslands [sal/a man i/landz] 203


Geographical lndex

I

5

North Atlantic Ocean lndrth/ at l;n/tik 6/shan] 202 North Pacific Ocean [north/ pa sif/ik 6/shen] 2O2,2O3

Somaiia [se ma/le e] 203 South Africa [sowth/ 5f/ri ka] 203 South Georgia [sowth/ jorlja] 202

Pennsylvania [p6n/sal

vin/ya] 200

Rhode lsland Irod/ i/lend] 2OO

kir/a lilna]

North Sea lnorth/ s6/] 203 Pacific Ocean lpa sif/ik o/shanl 2OO,2O2,2O3

South Carolina lsowth/

Spain [span] 203

Philippine Sea lfil/a pen/ se/] 203

Tennessee ltdn/a sC/] 200

Sri Lanka [sre/ liing/ka, shrC/-] 203

Red Sea [r6d/ se/] 203

Texas lt6k/sasl 200

Sudan [soo ddn/] 203

South Atlantic Ocean lsowth/ at

Suriname [so-oy'a nii/me] 202

Southern Ocean [sridh/arn o/shan] 203 South Pacific Ocean lsowth/ pa sif/ik o/shan] 2O2,2O3

South Korea lsowth/ ke re/a] 203

Svalbard [sviil/biird] 203 Swaziland lswii/ze ldnd/] 203

Syria lsir/e a] 203

[ti/wijn/] 203

Tajikistan [u jik/e sten/, -stdn/] 203 Tanzania ltdn/za n6/el 203 Tasmania

[tiz ma/nC

[no-/ ing/gland] 201-1 -7

Rocky Mountain States kak/e

Tonga lteng/ga] 202 Tunisia [to- nC/zha] 203

Southeast lsowth/6st/] 201-1 3

South [sowth] 201 -1 3

Southwest lsowth/w6st/] 201 -1 2 West Coast [w6st/ kost/] 201-7

Turkey [tijr/ke] 203

Turkmenistan [tiirk m6n/a Uganda [yo- gdn/da] 203

sten I ,

-stdnl]2O3

Ukraine lyo-/kran, yo-o kran/l 203

United Arab Emirates [yo-o ni/tod dr/ab€m/ar ats] 203 United Kingdom [yo"o ni/tad king/damJ 203 United States of America lyo-o

ni/tad stats/

Capital: Ottawa [at/a wa] 201 Regions ofCanada

1

mown/tn stats/l

Thailand [tT/lind/, -lend] 203 Togo lto/gol 203

av a m6r/e kel 2OO,2O2

Uruguay [yo-or/a gwtl , -gwAll2O2 Uzbekistan [o-oz bEk/a stiin/, -stdn/] 203

Vanuatu [vii/no-o d/to-o] 203 Venezuela lvdn/a zwallal 202 Victoria lsland [vik/tor a a i/land] 200 Vietnam [v6/6t nem/, -ndm/] 203 Wake lsland [wak/ i/land] 203 Western Sahara lwds/tarn sa hdr/e] 203 Yemen ly6m/anl 203

Zambia [zdmlbe a] 203 Zanzibar lzin I za barl 2O3

Zimbabwe [zim biib/wa] 203

2OO

Canada

Mid-Atlantic States Imid/at lin/tik stets/] 201 -1 0 Midwest lmid/wEst/] 201 -9 New England

jin/ya]

Wyoming [wi o/ming] 200

British Columbia [brit/ish ka

Pacific States lpa sif/Tk stats/] 2ol

a] 203

Virginia [var jin/ya] 200 Washington [wii/shing ten, wo/-] 2oo Wisconsin [wis kiin/sen] 200

Regions of the United States

Tahiti lta hc/tc] 202

Utah [ydb/to, -tii] 2OO Vermont lvar miint/] 200

West Virginia [w6st/ ver

Capital: Washington, D.C. (District of Columbia) lwe/shing tan de/se/, wo/-l 200

Switzerland lswit/ser land] 203

Taiwan

l;n/tik 0/shen] 203

the United States of America

Sweden lswed/n] 203

2OO

South Dakota [sowth/ da k6/ta] 200

201

-8

lim/be

a]

201-2

Maritime Provinces lmdr/a tim priiv/an sezl 201-6 Northern Canada fnor/dharn kdn/a de] 201-1 Ontario fdn ter/6 6/1201-4 Prairie Provinces Iprdr/€ priiv/an saz] 201-3 Qu6bec lkwi

b6ktl201-5

States of the United States

Provinces of Canada

Alabama [dl/a bem/e] 200 Alaska [a lds/ka] 2OO,2O2

Alberta [;l biir/te] 200 British Columbia lbrit/ish ka lim/be a] 2oo

Arizona [drla zolna] 200

Manitoba Imdn/a t6/ba] 200

[no-/ brinz/wik] 200

Arkansas [iirlkan so/] 200

New Brunswick

California lkdl/a forn/yal 2OO

Newfoundland and Labrador

Colorado fkiil/a rdd/6, -raldo] Connecticut Ika n6t/i kat] 200

2OO

Delaware [d6l/a wdr/] 2OO Florida

[f

lor/a da, fl6r | -] 2OO

Georgia [jor/ja1 200

lnoo/fan 1s6i 3n li/[13 d[1/] 200 Northwest Territories [north/wEst/ tEr/a tor/Cz] Nova Scotia In6/va sko/sha] 2oo Nunavut [no-/na vdbt/]

2OO

Ontario [an tdr/e o/] 200

Hawaii [ha wi/C] 200

Prince Edward lsland Iprins/ 6d/werd i/lend] 200

ldaho [j/da h04 2OO lllinois [il/a noy/] 200

Qu6bec [kwi b6k/] 200

lndiana [n/de 6n/a] 200 lowa F/a wal 200

Yukon lyoo/kiin] 2OO

Kansas lkdn/zas] 200

Kentucky [kan

tik/e] 200

Saskatchewan [si skdch/a wan,

-wiin/] 200

Mexico Capital: Mexico (City) [mEk/si k6/ (sit/C)] 201

Louisiana iloo E/zE 6n/el 200

Regions of Mexico

Bodies of water

Maine lmanl 200

Chiapas Highlands lchd iilpas hi/landzl 201-18

Arctic Ocean liirk/tik o/shan] 200,203

Maryland lmdr/a landl 200 Massachusetts [m;s/e cho-/sets] 200

Gulfcoastal Plain

Atlantic Ocean lat ldn/ tik o/shanl2OO,2o2-2o3 Baffin Bay lbdf/en ba/] 2OO,2O2

[gilf/ ko/stel plen/] 201-16

Pacific Northwest lpa sTf/ik north/w6stl 201-14

Baltic Sea IboUtik se/] 203

Michigan Imish/i gan] 200 Minnesota Imin/a so/te] 200

Southern Uplands [sr]dh/ern Ip/lendz] 201-17

Beaufort 5ea lbo/fart s6/] 200

Mississippi Imis/a sip/C] 2OO

Yucatan Peninsula

Bering Sea Ibdr/ing se/,

bir/-] 200

Black Sea [bldk/ se/] 203

Caribbean Sea lkdr/a be/an se/, ke rib/d an-] 2Ol

Missouri Ima zo-orl6, -zo-orla] 2OO

Montana lmen ten/a] 200 Nebraska lna brds/ke] 200

Caspian Sea fkds/pe an se/] 203

Nevada Ina vdd/a, -vd/da] 2OO

Coral Sea [kor/al s6/] 203

New Hampshire [no-o/ hdmp/shar] 2oo New Jersey [no-/ jrir/z61 200

fgilf/ av a l5s/ka] 200, 202 Gulf of California lgilf/ av k6l/a foln/y3l 200 Gulf of Mexico fgilf/ av m6k/si k64 200, 202 Gulf of Alaska

Hudson Bay [hid/sen batl2o0,2O2

2OO

[no-/ mdk/si ko/] 200 New York [no-o/ york/] 2OO New Mexico

North Carolina [n6rth/ kdr/e li/na] 200 North Dakota lnorth/ da ko/te] 2OO

lndian Ocean fin/de en o/shan] 203 Labrador Sea ildb/ra d6r/ se/l 200

Ohio [o hi/o]

Mediterranean Sea lmEd/a ta ralne an se/l 203

Oklahoma lO/kla ho/mal 2OO

Oregon [or/i

2OO

Qen

, -giinl , ?)rt-12oo

Plateau of Mexico [pld

[yo-o/ka

tin/

to/ ev m6k/si ko/] 201-1

pa nin/sa la, yo-/ka

5

tiin/-] 201-19

States of Mexico Aguascalientes [d/gwas kiil yEn/tas] Baja California Norte [be/ha kdl/a Baja California Sur

20l

forn/ya nor/ta] 200

lbii/hii k6l/a forn/ya

so-or/] 200

Campeche [kiim pa/ch6, kdm pc/chcJ 2Ol Chiapas [ch€ 5/pas] 201 Chihuahua [chi wii/wii, -wa] 2OO Coahuila Iko/a we/la] 200

Cijlima Michoacdn lka l6/ma mE/cho a kiin/] 201 Distrito Federal [di strc/t0 fEd/a rijlll2ol Durango fdo-o rdng/go, -riing/-1 261

283


I

I Geographical Guanajuato [gwii/na hwii/to]

lndex

2O1

Guerrero lge rdr/O] 2O1

Hidalgo [hi ddl/96, c dhaUg6] 201 Jalisco

[hi lis/ko, -lCs/-] 201

Mdxico [m6k/si k6/, m6/he k6] 201 Morelos [m6 rEl/6s] 2O1 Nayarit lna/ya ret/] 201 Nuevo Le6n

[nwi/v6

16

6n/] 2O0

Oaxaca [wa hii/ka, we-] 201 Puebla [pw6b/lii] 2O1

Queretaro [ka rdt/a 16l] 2OI Quintana Roo [ken te/na rol] 2Ol San Luis Potosl [siin/ lo-o es/ po/ta se/] 2Ol

Sinaloa [se/na lo/a] 2O0 Sonora [sa n6r/a] 2O0 Tabasco [te b5s/k6] 201 Tamaulipas [tii/mow le/pas] 201 Tlaxcala [tlii skd/le] 2O1 Veracruz [v6r/a kro-oz/, -krdbs/] 201 Yucat6n [yo-*o/ka tdn/, -1;671 26't Zacatecas [zalka

284

ta/kat se/-l 2Ol


lndex

cl-rss I

1 1

2-11 5

c'+ e )c ;t-ii

t--ii "+!ilr ; e: -r *.,

5-120

e

57_169

:r.r r.t

J.ll

i,i- t

-j,i

t.-:i

i-':"

5-24 ":ii L)Jl slc JU:!l

:ljJl_e

, 9-212 ! +:i ifJl dJl jl-e+Gr&,-r fj"Jl eLi_) ,-ir1

,:l3ri_e

235-234 .ye;Jl

1

_el Li.

gc ,',-rl

75 913':-i'L

1

D-132 ,j!

i-rJl

a1l)

-Jirt

rj gj 1rl i.iu+ J:rl r"_*,i,arl.,+ qJirl

&r.!,trjsl)l

grl

61 -i+Ljjll &lrsi 100

1!+ll slrii

78 6+ul otrri

19-79 {.S.i). elJ

c,t-iri

99 c3Hl ,:lrri

4-119 au-)l AJU- slrrj

rlel

181-180 .l,Jl d-Jr

27-95

H-160

r'ill

B-143;J1j)l !++

E-147 Eia

y_l

16-106

et(,'l

LFI

er-j-Yl

F-147 cil$,iJll

3_220:rl! ,l+s)l 2-194 (t++-:t"*r ft-) .1!'l

J-l14 eut ir+-ill

.2i

r)l e rJ ri .=,)l r+t j.:. H-77

OJill

,J

-^1

J-l${ slj r+\

\

Cgt

rt :l

Ci

Fl

19-53 '

16-224u*:\

L_12, rhl

5-22.yl'-*t'j tu+t

135 eJlS / i-ill+ jll*J)

.''rFl)l

+-!l &-ti

H-l73 *+rrxl cLl!:r iJilrll rlr-l-

&-.)i

F-8 r,r_r- s^_.rl 155 dihr,irl 155

Lil Ar

6lruj

3-205

qr-.rYl

i-13t

d!

rj

22-231

11-17

16 1

30

F26 ui- 50

i14

10-17 16

J\$1

50

or*

16

50

o-i- 60

16 o-r+- 70

ijl4

75

44'')-\1.-j-3 tt n+r 15 ajJu ills j ills. etll 15 lJr+lr / !fiiA iJls- clj+)

'16

olLi

80

'16

ur*

90

117 47 -1 46

o-ix

6 ar+Ji 40

9_17

64 orJ-ij*.lt

1

20

slj ll l$ u1'1'!c.t tj:t'l ll ! g ;j:r,ica :3X lf, '16 ]ilic ju:)!24 g3,;$c3

eti+l

iAI+

elj y_9 6_r, eJ,! 6;i 7-166 C+' iL"ri 24-167 en :-igl r..1*+1 el; ;t-:i 4-166 !lr- *lrii CiL-l dt-ii 8-62 i'j*lr ' r; I ::J'r iL-il 9-115 c* dt''ii 3-119 au-l i.-;t€ii 32-121 u)trJ'J,t di)tal c+;!,-il ctf

drJ*

16

l$

59 clJl "-4r &rji g_136 oc.ijtt drln. ! 9_20 dFjyl

G-132

19

^JJl etiiil ,:lji

!

19-199 1t;riit

23-53 ilill i$+'i i-FJi 1 -177, 3o-8'l, 1 0-67i-.ri

18

16 "ic i.,"i

rtl! 25 16 OrJ"icr i 'r 25

6_24,;\rr1

l-r+--rl

4-d"t,.j

16 r"l'o

4-26''ji-25

21-70,b_t\

J)

15

16

Etj d;t

us

29-35 r)l € r-,r :t .+!t "+r j ;r:,ii P-9 eFJl ulr+ll Jiil

^rl

):-

J& i-,

o-11 r Fsll lrsJir

Jji .;t-

L_147 i,-)jt 6_Ji eh_.rr.-+ J,;l A-186 4J;J. xjqi ','tu1, ,j'.3'

5-34.:.ii 27-35 i;$; -x" c.ii

'16-171t'u'2t

rr$ ,,t

C',jl

"6)1 14

16 J.$r L+- 17

7e-et1

t$l

11

: 16 J,i':l-

.14_24_

D-190

13

'16

JlFl

6-34 6i 28-35 J,,ij .r+d ai

ijx

16

13 L.i!11 c,ti- L"-nll-r

12

16 "io

16-214 "u'll ei 10-212.-+-.r+i

I

J& si 16 J.ic $l

.-i,t

.:rlrL.:J)l

10

16

ilt

4-216

g

16'!J"ic 10

dal

14-34

w

ijtll.

12-17

a4l

1B-34 cnYl ,i

a,i"

3_26 (:Jlj!" 10

c)t ;'t

J^l

213-212 ' i-l-r,ll-r

30-35

-,i

6

161- i9

15-34 +l

19-34;'i!t

F-11 ',i<rl

Og

16

erl}j sr d+l

J6i

16 o_,*_.r!l

l-197

s+*l

5

16 4.+ 7

17 i,+l

rrrj,

11-20,r.r'l

M-11 ' ;

c-77 oCl r+l

3g_1og "u.iil JAj

37-l

l6 i*,i' ,16 ir-

-lrj

6-94 L-j-l

1_24

Jsll

"s el..;a ldJl

a!U+

44)1 4

2-26 nEi- 5

I z>)

6l-Jr jJrl

B-17

E-173, r.jr-iillsr ri ,,r< *lt ,,.^i1 J-157:!r !l uljU,I !-r d.J t$il

^4:_

1

16:jrx 3 16

16-55 gti $;r'l

L-173 i+ll clc Ji6l 5-137 ,t',-tt grF +'J^l K-191 F !-i'i €iJ Glc ;!^l E-157 il+ll dr. a+sJJt Ji- Glc J^t A-26 45, slc d^l D-174 digr 4$l!ll ej:-Ja- eL- ":i E-2 sj;'l

12-105 oll

10-1 56 (ar*+2 +S-Y)

16 a$l 2

12-119

i.rsj

."^.S)r

H-'10 6++

ia3ri

17-32 "+rlL dil 11-173:e^-iJt i.l,riJl tl q$ir

rJi-.l

28-21 ou+. / r!-r) 28-99 (e!*1 3-)*t 20-94 rlFl (c!&) er.]

95-94 6lrl

€LJl i,.r$l

G-15:jJtul illJl

s-i'+l

C-137 ci:""}

-.'5 ;er t;.;!i

:rleri

1i-: ;, 'r iclu

lbi

1

L,je

'-.g' {-lS

10-100,17-98,A-12t4

6li 4+\l

1

iiJ i1,1"

75 1;_;-;

A-12,''r!l drrl

+,:-

rsi _-rl

ll-l!

llf, !ll":.i-3

!-ES

42ll glj:c gjiri

D_137 ,,.rl.\t ,":rii! p-_,r

+l \)l

1

3-179 Lt-

A-8 r+Jl

J6-l

75

15 sl_e

7-86:+;1+J i+si

{.+-Jl ;jlrjl

ltrL 1 g_113

illii'l

13-87

E-132 (PlN Pr) +"!r .:Ie; Jiri C-197

F-160 cir'i^ crr ,'*rj

6;l-:-;Jlr,:lb)l

lf,-llQ,s.2\!

K-10

H-l47 i+l

"r-r-i

J3

rilj;.ll

8-227 C-l73 ijELill !-xurl

L*i

8-20

21-89 ,J-

1

75 +-F

J-147

g ga-2t:!l

c4!

75

!tr ,-'-rl

i6jJ 6lri

i +Jt

D-2 r-ar cre }iJl

dJ13!

::4t lrJi

A-11

O1*ill ,!)l

o!t+ 75.::l:S

7-110 --n)'

-40

1/2

1-26'"; ^ 1 75 iij. l- i.:jri 1

$el-!- tsJa j.+)l

6-206

41

+6 (.-i,:)

75

l-l{/

43-42

aril+-ll

1/4

+i

23-35.=,-p1 7_199

0

75 +:s (er)

26-79:-;ri

s! S.r 6tri 7-59 aliLll ulJF ilri

20-225

4-34.=,i

Ji-

16

1,000,000

i;rJrsl) "'j{.i 12-165

R-77 (lursJl Ll:l 4-232

0r$

A-192 C+l

c_l43 J)r K_147 iil-iJl JAl

.

16

16 (_!L) or$ 1,000,000,000

190 dill "lj+i 98 44iJl i.jrSl" 'ljFj F-6 r'i. *l' r.!l / r"Ll

r..-:i

i;"

16-166 JUU ijr ' 45-168 e+' e)' 179 r

1--'ll :3rL- g5l 211 ',->lit cU+i

q.]it 5![-)l

irJl+.lr dj)lj's!

:..,n41,r

" ilt

8-17 ijul+ 1 00 16 :jr" 100

crlel-,a']

lilcl})l

16

4J+L st,Usl

118

r*i

2-i,52^4r' l",rr\

\lrr ijL 16

16

d)i t "ic

16

q.irl

1

01

.jri 1000 10,000

ijr" 100.000

285


I

I lndex c-r"xs 230

i;lrJllr

3-236 (is-Fr- ry.1)

liln d.il

9-144 ,u.t! J+,r / *,ult

exi

26_167;ulr 12_125 l$ull

O1r:_.rls

us;i

6_94 irr.l7

6-44 'Lirii / -j.!i 291 r! "< Jt l"rii 201 r\-r-tl elryJt

eJl.lj

201 l$s.elii

. l-l! ler g_190

11-23

o.lnl

c!{!t

F-10;EL.-jI .'JLI

S1

,1

;JJ-lrl

djl 17-80 j:',rlyi 27-'113 ?lsilt 3i r-;ll g-l'Pi 30-1 1 3

i Fj.! ii!!. u-.! d-lJli 9*26 rt;t '

'i 7 '9;t

D-l92, A-17 e"!t

E-143,{.lei D-15 "end"

"!l"

ce,

-Sl /

a'r

l-114

ob\^il s

'rli* -l

djlrtiiL

D-77

!-

.ellr

'-,

B-219 Lgrrlr

^!l :.!U+

J-lgQ i1u* / gXl

cljjll-

16:,I--

sj Jr)l liJJl

,,,1<l

J+i

irtil

ir"re

210 (:Jut!r

J_11 M_12

lg rluyl !t rtu)r

193:

l+-;_xr

itil d-i,ill

F-l73 clrljLjlr dllJt{i dc {-).i i<l o-174 i; ilL-,r c,Kt

23_216 jijiu clr.ii '10-105 eri Ci-J

E-160 i-jt.tll

e-l ul

E-6 iJ +Jl clc ,,i<l

9-84 or-:,ci

2_24

j_1

G-l73

Ul.i,:i<t

rJ.J$i

,

L_l 91

i:,j" ]-F

34-2'l J;\t

j dt,j-yt

a"i"i ii"

6r

* /

+"_Fi

u"L ql

,

,

'l-J$!

,,(l 106 al+jjJlr

alj,lil --ill cl ' . I

J,,sl

107 {}rJlJlJ

:jlrlil

J^nt

8l

19-238 o.il_.r:si 24-61 cr)."(- u"!

i

r;t

:,vi

238 iEr.ir)r

.:)il

236

239 i+r.iitt dijlt ,:!1 239 i+-lsjl tijll di)i

.

239

i:Jilt

uE

I

31-235 _r_r eCi 32-235 (,i++:, i:,.!r

r-r-

peJi

9-152 Cr 1

24-235 e'ie

2";'al\

i;rlr &Fil

24-183

2S_1A3, 6_12 .4-l-

16-Z qJ,!-

ill

0-27 rrilt j!+,"i rlt 1 5*73 rrii JJlr ili

!

""5J1

12-32,\;- I "?-1

{+* op.r:,. 4+i,'irJlt

i*"rll

Ji,@)l

l_g

22

u1!5ll rl-eci

23-158

rj*jt i+c!l Dll rtaei

H-6.ji..lls,jl;i l-160 t)J"Jl e[riJl /,ililla dltj G-174 &.Jt "ti +! /,j$la di.l G-6,ji,.lls C$l

6lr ":Jl ' r''

5-158

i\- / j!

(O+l-l)

c!+:sl Jlll

D-197

ilt-jl tFr"

E_197 ilL_tt

4-197

cl+

c-76 .+tr J-ri / c+tl

r!.j Jiri i c+t

i*l-itt J._/l a-K J6ri / ett B-192 3-At M_174

ili"j clt

F-l91 k+ o';: lisii r!";tr cJal K-8 Yl3+ o-;'tl (3 ijj++ dl

olr

H-l57 ''ljll L*.il

+:J .r_,p ili

22-70,!\.t1 t')\!1

t6'_i+O

i;r;*a-ri

5_202 !+'P)

P-11

Jltll Llti

8-76 J,-!l

G-219

JUll etitl

'A i.iti

Glr cJ:Jc

29-235,6-6 (9r

"+

rJl)

al'i

31;l

JS

Jji

CF il+il Ji-l B-2 'Tdllls, rJ<, .lii-l g-95 -,r-i

32-233 gjL-vr 1

19_20

5-20 1-e-l

JJt

er+. !t

20-20 rrEll er*-ll 18-20 c;ul e1-!l

ifi

48

rtsj:-l r1j_t

1_126

J$!t

K_157 6Lr:,.rt

C-l90 #tFllr d!.;ll L)c.'rr

"1

6-202 SlJj,.l L-160 41;.i qrj-l 1

0-l 72 t+ tl

.:l 1

rLJr

j

.

r-:

gj r jl-:.i-t

0-1 33 t':tt ' "< t'1o-' '

A-174:!'li^lj &:-l 22_14

i

4-58

1B-22 (uu,+t'tt)

i*Ell crtul.:Jt3 rlcyl !!-Jl -ltit)J a';:t;r --:l,;l 32-21 ri | .'L'"Ll

--,;l

)t:t l-.r.rll _.rll.J 120 ,ii" t-ii 'rJLi

\D!l

22

c,J-l

N-77

i-:^+.,F &l 239

C_192

S-77 Lr\.ll

Y\

cle r)" ,e_

8-157;-j+Jl

E-151\ I iJ(':.r1.l)uFl

qD-l

J-10 dr-!+ &l 21-226, 16-146 (d{J$)

,Jlt1<

&i

8-146 &JlFt drt^'fis illc ji+ I ai-t

'3':J1

S5-181 d+il

,a$islt c).€J

12-33

60 4+ljj.tl J.eYl

39-38

eYvt

8-174 i!tr" dN).

F_219

i

lci

JSil /

l_10

16-24 s+.1' / d$1, 'i,.i

5-198 D&*Yl n).cl 2_48

$$-\ clF,Asi

25-72

el. -.

-+ll

F-15 rr "l

Q-77.-+_r.l_S*

16-105 +

)t,.4)

14_145

-r_rsi

*i.:+

24-217

iJl-"

aSJJi

5-28 sLs dJji

s_,il

i1v rlui 2-192 i^-y 4-r* rlsi 110 diLtslr i*J. o:lfl D_12 E$ e,pl

4L+ll

/

's"\;

12-24

'r'rl i+-$dl Js^ill

N-174 i-liuJli

a.\rs

11-24 a!,3:-t1

193 Js,jYl

rte)l

rlJ.

1O-24

:-pl

E_12 1. r.r JS.il

+S.i>+

b.

3_24 J.t)I

Jti)l jh,ij

B_11

arry.l-6Jl

13-215.+-.ri 1-56

C-114 tj'le'='-.r-l

_*l

eu-.ri

-:^-rj

; Il Jl d:sJl

D-11 ,

j+,ti

192 lAasJl rl&Yl

B-190

f,-'lgl

1-208 _i+;i

ii*jllt rlE)l

16

H-197 uL,}-ri 4_1g2

g_129 _;.:L z:B) K-11 i+ic' A^r .n:r

,lrjcyl

{ g is- 1r 5..!l

'1<l

,.r<1

1-14

1$-218 3uJ 33-1sg J-.!

H-l91 Jri rrr*-a3sl* A-190 ; r5.-i:-r.+ cL-!t

1

F-12 's\zl 157

4_6,.:t+ e,;l G-197 ;-r:.-,j!-.ri

!rL:l

R_g i-lsll ,_,l,il

ljjisl

'l'

+rt

3-142 ctsel

B-15 "send" "J-;1" 6Eu.,.sr

C-4 'n'

*l

11-142' ,'\"\t L!+r 'hicl

irlji pil

5_115

a+*

12_14

c*_t\

liJl E-11 , i<rt li:lt / irl

34_159, 6_159 qirLn)t lrr,it

C-219 -r-jsll ,i a,.i,-:tl ;rt-1 3_rti

20-238

4-202\-l

dlsi JL.j-l i$,1

E-l55 rr^

u

:,+;Ji

J-12;Jer

)r-I

tt,S^ z,

iilj

6-46,;..-.ri 21_5g ,+jj: r;;_ri

obi

13-24 3-1'17'"t l^

P-77 (i:rta -rU.l') "t+ +tl T-77 j:lir 5 -orJ, ;Jrrjs;"ll d 4!l C-160

€'-iJl f-)l

7_.t06

,:JLl

-b,J:s:-!t

_rl.i.ll

'll Jiir .Fl

,

cr'.lJl ,9_1i

6-179

4_4 {-Lllt e_l ,t4_209, 71 ,jr*i

8_133 !_t!l

Jtilr

E-77 qAil u. c!$,,sr i-_),{ Jtill 14_59 ij"_-i

du.ti

A-15 or+llr / !;r:tCt ir (+_Fl),_,Ul g-114 i$r. ia$ Llr,is elrsl ,,,ll.l

21-211 ati.s\

B_8,

oFu

4_,114 :erHr aJjJl,.rLt

8-26 lrjij, rr 7.*

2-4

.r_r+-_r^ ,JUti

12-23

l-g

M-77 6bJl ,jLl 1-4 e-!l

H-219 illJ.ll

44!:

i,j"

l:rJ.j-)l

l,js.:1.J d".j.l g_1gg dr,isr_t

19-134

6lrt"i-l

'\r+)

16-161 *5-r+ -.rlll iJt"j-l 4-118 e-.Jl aill 6JL.3-l 4 i-JiJL j!+,,j r-jl-i-l

C-6 (9r u-)

Jl

e-r-l

r-eJ

c.r-t

F_132 L;,tt

,,,-...r

e.!

K_124

dFri

!14

36-217

6+-

/

ui

33-213 -+ll ui 2-216 (,rFt)

cJt++lt

ri

ijl J.-i .1iL-t

41_193 ,t17:+lri

'19-61 6ji$. ! 19_212

!.JILll

12-71

.:$-\


lndex

(}r&e

I

a-

21-14 dr ,iill / iu$r 12_205

:+

11-87

il+

il$ pL".:-l i.]l / i-lu i.]l 11-88 Jlej

26-90

('-9.J-) el-rl]

ll-l$$ ujr

-*:+!1i

rlu) :i.:r-;i

28-1 59 (a-ilJl

D-147 L1JI q:l-r\-lll 4,ll

4-225 c:-_*4+

3-202\:::l

&-.,1

_

5-101 a-iuj

75

ill .!+

ftiJlr Oljrll 13-214 ()rt)rrt 12-95

tt\ 1

7-106 :^. :

rr 2-74 oVy I ,-|Jt

1-75 q+lJr g.

'lI-l$;5Jl

33-180 .=!:ri

*i

-,i!.

*-

l+_,r

17-13

J{ -,+

6t

13_68 6-f-,l 9-90 (i-"ili. 4+U 6Jr-)'lI

6tn"

/

(jA

*

iii r+J) 4+-F';"ql

(J:-)'+-:-: 5-18 (5ut :'+)L+

28-237

e! i! "f Jr+r. e!

8_i30 _ryj 4-724u4t,J*

Lllr

29_129

3-94 il+ ri l;Lt 27-167 Ya'tt;\

7_94o*\

e'[:

3-46

yU_r

7-53 6l-sll

2-236 9+':s g'u-t

4-236.r),ti" I-EJP 8-236.aI+L* ,l oUlU 3.U2 5-86 cJ.*++ (r#) +r+r 9*92 L\. ^il rrL;. it+Ja

1

-.

1+

-l'

'r)t'"|

't;1

6-134 â&#x201A;Ź+ +-r 5-134 t"er+ +r

4r +t 1-134 LJ:,:* +r 4-134 J+ +-r 2-134

22_212^ati LL-

u.6

r.

-. ri :,.t1$

27-53 .:rl, 28-167

7-13 12-67 (air.Jt'-Jt o"

38-73 (Gl* d,i" J eLs),''r6,+ 21-69 0j1?) il"+ 19-69 J,+

Utr

3-75

i+

Jjii

op Ci

utnl

5-110 'dJl

g" Cl

,-lnj

7-210 (o!^'ilt

>-)

v.1l

49-48 J-)- LP ''-rll 173 ++l: q.l''"'r\l 1 5-l 38 L.J.'I 1

3-204 r-r-+

!4 dlrNt

4n Jl r-11

24

a-1.!l jrtvr

24

i+l-ll urJyl ii!:i. Ot:Ji

16-23

L-143 i^r+*ll

3-34 ri

7-11 7 iu::1t,

7-154.Lii it+Jl

22-35,\* 222

6L'''

'

"tttl

o<Li

$! is^Jl:il!i"

gsl-i

3-199 -)Jlt:-i

C-155 el:i t-rl.: slo ltL+, ;u-rt 1! r , iLdl 8-155 +-! t_rti

1g_161

6-104.-iii 4-144 -rt+lil

16-145

15-194 irlrir x+lr ijiri B-197 "sign in" "cJ+;" -.rj -el

1-202 -20O J.'tl

2O1

41-97 7& I 43-97 4!J-r .J.i I

7_20

A-143 4+u ri

18-239

(J+.i'tl ..r*-.rl)

6j;+4)

q+i. )ttl

236 AIy:

i,--er!r gr;1

o-9

J-l 73 i+!l 9-133

!+!l

ot"

115'r-

lrrt

-rt JSLrdt

1t;i

237 a'q-.elt 1t3;i

11-223

t)r\l

r.i

<r

.r-!r

6. sF.l

,\-\

arll x-l c,lt X-l

e$lll

J'-lji;s"

a*"i

1-132 cj-J't. \l i+.i 1

3-73

iis-

i+^i

l_140 r1 ,rrlt oL.:b! e';1 oi

G-140 )Si ri aj- 18

.r-

jr<.

rjill irsj,Jl d.l+Yjl .5! t"",,. nA H_140 ,:rri_ o 6-78

,

i92.:,qtaq;r

,1*

(el)ill)

gl3;i

"$l 6.1!l

qiitjtt ' 'r-fll 3lj;i gg-gg olE.ll gl3;i

'172

I

42-107

{l

$re:t.

L-ill r<rr.i

3-198 duC-ll g-l;!-,;n)l

ljl

38-97 rj)ul c* JSi oj) 42-97 {'+41

i,l"

r d. t"-:lr

2-212 (9-F+ ot+;) qlqlir)t 37-97 rj)Ul dF ri-i 44-97 rr)ll dr. *lni

/i.j.j

2-30 il) l +:Ct S-rl

2-202

Jbnl

sitsJP

dilil")l aijl 2-111 l,!J!i

j,,r:-

M-l0 iLr\l e.i

"J'

L-157 ,lrC!

r1

6JtcjJ.l

Jl dlJ"n)l

237 Ptrlt 3t;1

1,J+

4-110;}ll si cl

4-157 dilrt+Jl 611)e) $r J,t'll J-174 l-e+ ,,3 3,,-l+. J"L,jl

1

eli

Jjll

c,i,"t,

d'>u'

3-115 3-110 olYt

4i!l! sJl

1

1-]l

N-11 LL"il 6ri 30-195 ,ir ssl

10-218 _i<.-:l Jt@Yl

-.

qJll

d)jjl

i+ (.!)

20-69

7-239 i:Jb

6_144 dgll

ll!

8-211 (c'q*i)

ir,:"

16

46-193 (lnr'i'!r ,grt+-.,y

227

'c+iyt

dill

rjjj

crltJ,ilt

r+;!t -. tlj l-r ir_ri^:, !;1+J !. ul 228 i:rJi 1+;1+J d-li

E-8 i-jslr --_i."jl 't7-218 sl.n s. ls'"rl 191-190 i+)Lj". )l LllL,l,jiiYl

E-1,

12-75 At d er_r.r" (,Jtr) $Jlr -.'ilJll..* iJ".-LJl ,E^ crll *Jl\ cl,

.-J\ /;lr-

30-233 srt-Cl 5-192 Ldl 23-71 \-_F,+

1r+

+r-)

28-211 .71.a't^3\ 4-44 d'lji!

Gi jljJ

10-177 i6l-i dE,l

u!

6_13

B-114 229 rpt"+

0-1 54 6ust

39-217

1+

15-53 (,=5L) ,=$j' aL

18_110 Jslsll cljilt

ceAl

u-l-jl

J-6

1+

6-228 (+-pJt iJs +ii:J) drin iL 23-69 oqil!

'li

lG.i zsjr

i +Jl e! +kll &u.!.L6ll

16-111

H-3 sLll

(.-i-lyx:t;) ;. t- -. 14-161 U)t+-Yt- J e rra -. 2-184 1l3r -f' 18-53 L!_r-.,-,. r+j -. ! 10-53

oirr

3-134

:'ils

B

1

1-53 c-L"i JL

3-69 (l+!Jnl u. Ljl) slsr-r

31-195

:_n"

14-189

;."i

13_79 ."! ,s-+tt .r. j-6 s,, ers dp"l 6-27 J-jl / cjl--ryl

10-236 c!-r* g'L-P 6-236 4+,ilr;l+: e.U-,{ 7_236 iJiLrl

el+Yt /

pl+i

ii\+ I ^tr / p:f

1-236 gi-;:i s'rj1a 9-236 Jiuli a'Lri

11-236 e-l""J

L

3-132 gl'r)

26-72

2'l-2O4'x_t 212

dJl'iJl ei '-1 J

^r.,i

":

3-111 Oill sr !. QXI 4-111

f_lQ ;r-.:.r si.-:r

L i-:3i

16-20,20t-*Yl

et

7-211

25-63 (e+t-r) e.e;-x

i.,!-

H-137;_)1]J'rrtl! jr-1

/ crL;lt

6-110 ; FjJl ll-eXl

DtJl Jl ,iiijYl 18-4

c:f

S_148 4?-J

9-154 iJrJl (:lJl+Jr 'l'jir H-15 -tJl clo Jr.:l 49

LJI r-r13

8-137 6lJl+Jl riJ! eJLii 3)! Li.jll l-6 d-!-jl cill .Lill

(r.!lJl drt"rLJl is,,j) diJjr)l

cjrl

-.r

4_201 ets:\

14-74 ua;r ol^L2

32-180

1-1 98 o*-

d,r.,fr"

+.ls ili r.yr ilJl

el$r

6-234 G-137

139 diLrj.jil 197

irri

18 -rQJl c,tl-rl 16 Jir

4_24,)vt 1-11'l

38-195

75

t+L) elt Ort.J:+ 7-32 (r)d+

1

dtjr)t

/:,ii. O:+

5-68 cis->

5;57

"_jFL"/\ir+,i 42-195 JLjil u dji

jlrJi

6_x-

1_2i1

1

17-181

7-2O5 r.ytt_t:i

rj&

(J.:.r*

/ u",!riri

il+

20-79 3-37

1-lr!-

6-* +-*i 24-74 At-| dr+*.ir+ii

17-89 Jt+J! 4**J

6-154

12-74 (*.-.t':i) -. rPi

r-li

3_238 (-1.-x) 14-151 ,9-128

24-57

;-,r+

/

ji Oi

'uJ

26-78'4'<ll

oUJ

tjt

og1

'iu-!t

;t

15-55 q+Lll ,ljl

14-55 8-78 (4.3r; !>e) o.lill

s^"n

6l-r

'u) rL:)

23-68 J*ulji

287


I

I Index i,r"-res il;-r^ illj. / .,.i1--r.ati: JA J) cj sC _ltsslr lslJt:

15-199 H-8 !_ei /

A_195

1-184..,1-ie

J_l16 LL

rrL. Ci,i

!Jr}

U-230 aliir

9_29

A-28,i!d

15-17

-*-rr 'u *

41 _1

el_.r::

A-48 Li liJl / Je$li Jt-3

iJlll

D_162

/

r+r

24_SS, r.^i- I

a+_:t

24_79

G-233 JAuti

1

95

4+.,i

-* / Li-* 13-238 qr.j dr

15-69 9-$ de 3-228 (''t+"Jl r;rt iJ) eJ"e

!J+l

/ iiil H-108 "':lt i;tr B-82 ur.!'u!A-232 ;l+'ii e-r iii

5-214 ee 24-211 +ne

4-132 SrqYl ;t1 14-238 tr+

1-140 ,,-"lJl e-+ll 1 7-83 eLlll iJtu Jie+j

,"'"Jl

7-138 !.erYl

1g_1gl drl r4+j

cBi

6-52 "+! *s *,rl '18-59 s.Jl '"'rr 12-52 3j+,ll c+

B_29 l€ .itt l^;r-i

7-52 tliji' '"rl

c-206 Jii.r

li+

F-233 6rtiJt, '4r'1 158 (c,ri<ll) cl

-ll

'll.e

10_79

L-174 ,jlJ+: (J9 !:rsj C-'15 o *!lt / !-xkll *s &sj q:" +S$ O_iS

/

"t!*i

6.

18-24

i ,iJr Jl

-l,u _ei / e+

9-'ll7 ;r5-e-4alt': <r-

ei.:

9-229

26-96 (erjt+ -;s-r,r. E+) oI"+

A-94 J;j / *,--r

7-66.r-r+

)F rF JUIYI ,:.j F-38 "hfl 1+r r^ 77-76 4j,.)-r.1-!l *::

12-76 (a+') r+ri -;* 8-76 l++.e1I* u-+

E_240

M-38 lJill

N-171

9-76 JLill ,tJl s.iLLali4 6 J* 7-76

-J.L*

0_171 altslt Jjaj

JF rt- Jl er..Llr L.tir jF M_l71 dLUl *F

rLJ-!

u:rt

L-l/Q tr't-$ t-irr 5-226.#il

'Js.:

"1,

10_96;JFa+_.r

15-146 o!_ru+ 20-158 !_rU+ 17-69 d"lll+ / 1!U+

rj (..$) j4

3-gg dl-tt ,_!J"+,.F,-r+!

Jt

efr- (trls) -l!jl: dr*.j-r- iF (;JtS) ]lrrli jr

"Li _-+!,

(6_tslr)

18_69..4 25-81 oJill 3-90

+iYr (-,)rstr) JrJr 12_25 rljJrl (6USll)

rr iP)t (ij:Slt) ej.Jt 8-25 F+)l (sjisll) ,ilill slo/6ri sllilJ+! (;jjsJ) J',lt

23-81

jJNl,

:.tl

7-146

2-40 'l

!:Jl

i;lr Llil iiUa I'ril"ll ;J+\tl &]-L 1-27 .Jl iill+

4-11 2 4+Ul 16-1 34

11-25Jiurr (rFr)

(rJt

-e

40-73 (j+Jl

dF LrIJEI)

K_36 159

crL:il1

islr

rj4+ir drlrllJl

J+

8-122 i*rjn 6ljl+ i.iua

6-25 L-!:'i ^rl Ah/sr g;jrFr (rji<ll) -njitr 3-25 ci""Jl lFll Jc irilr (nrjisll) 6lAIJl 6l ij+ll 6J3,lr4Jr (nljisll) 61)ilJl

+jj

;_,)rj. .\l

luu

9-119 6t: H-38 erJJl JJ o"*-Fil (c.s_i) irir

Q-l71 ilLJ riij A-53 il!",! irir 12-189,1-20 eilu 10_136 ,t-€jj)r

eJjl 199.lul -"ru

f,_{ r)t reJr g; i.-r.tl :!Yrjl e_,rE 1

198

^-6_,r-Yl

_,rU

7-112 q-:t--t' el{iil 1

!

jE

6 6-Elr

E-153 (.,xult);-pYl ;Jrr". JJ clir:

16 J,i'c C-Ell N-12 Js.! eLa g. qrsij

2-172.+.ss

B-79 rslj

i-!u+

s'- iyil

3-118

8-11 2 -rlsr a!1L

!+:.-+F i!u+ Jl jk+ iiu+ 5-1 32 (pi ; 4 au*; 20-161 r * i-iLL 5-40 *-La+l ;L* i-!LL

41-183

4_25,l.!rjr (6ljsll)

sl)l -i

:rJJUr Ji-l/.",-I cl_iJjr (.:rljtsll) -lJiul 5-25,1 -Jl (6lFl)

1

(6lFl) .ljrllt 2-2s,+-.Sl

15-92 r-Yl

ieJl slc. ,rriJt (crrJisll) nuj+lt 1-25 cs>Ct

2_229:::S 78 ,1jrll

1-37 elJl .je- ,Jull o .U+

19-92,2-86 _A+ j Jt+ 22_93 a\1, ILJJ (FL o.l!.:r 29-97 rj:- O Jni 19-91 l:+ ,i:- O Jl+

i!U+

Ls+lc

4-162 .:llJl t'ru ;jir Li '15-14 (dJtJs- iiu-) 4+r+ / .rnb i.iu+ 1

5-134 6$* sJls / i-!rL "l1-225, 15-58a-,i.EL

1-50 i.js-;rr- / ,_ti.i !q 10-3't .:,lrj- 10 ta-r- .-,+

1

ii-jl i.ill-

c,rts) ar+) iiU+

11_214,a4

27-107,4

22-214

JS,i *1"

:.!t!

illl.LJl /

1-1 52

i r,,+ir,,tl (;jjsll) ]FrjJl

1

dlu+

e.,+ di|iua

26-161 a-)t:"tll ,:lrLi.Jl

1

aeJl c.i,Lirjil

iJtL U"ILL

e3-x- .;JU+

2-232 J

1

0-25 r;rt";rrt (;lslt) sjitr ,-,-1 (,jL"jt (-.jKJ) jlJl

Lr)Lr

(arr.91)

JirLll ,

g-25 crrt"rll (ilsll)

1l.u+

6r+L",ytrU+

2_79 irE"L)GU+

JrJr

7-25 ryyr (rjjslr)

rrj+Jr i

q+

19-90 (r'l+' 'r'i ' ;L-) iijjll 12-87 Jt:yla;L4

"'.!L3'

E_36._+)-clij 10-194 qrF,"qrB B-9$

9_96 l\i ait-to,,$J ri (6_)ls) jA g_96 V-> Gr rj (rJ,s) }Jli

slL .F* 102 JjiJl .ui J.i ai.,jJl .+--i-r' .tr rlt *

1-76

10-76 o-rl"

LJLrlll

A-98 4llrill i$14.!i:r

12-2'14, 18-70.tr

147 ijJlJ.ll

1-142 r-3^',px

d$r JLJ

5-136 g:-) '-"'+

-PA

41-217 L4

1

L-116 J-rx 172

yjli

-i (rjs)

4rll," +$-,,

9-34 (t,Jt: / (r)e. +l / c+ 5-69 -,1'r'r7 -:'

c_75 J_-rslt

M-219

2-211 "4.^!

14-87,2-28 (tF) 7-96

2_88

/ ":ii Ji-

20-69 o,,,tsi &15

-rt

,;il ':j^ ' -^ ;r;-,;' .r-*

+-r

j.r qll; 30-121 er F-36 s:'r Jttri.iYl J !-i]lJ.ll J'*j

M-170:l+;!,r

6_25 dr\i.

Li:+-"*

i,,t 6Uj.j

3-144 tr'lu

93,Jjrldl (6jisll) ,i &t

24-9'l t"1+*

A-173 dr)GYl 112

clitr /

32-159 (crsx) ,-!r 11-238 ('-'+':>)

u*Jt"s / uJFii

i

..5-.,

10_ig5

- iJrr.+ / ir6l

il+!!l

c,ll.)Jl

rtL,5

M-230:r;:

288

-j

09 a+r!

P_171 ilL-.r

N-60

ll.'+

dFj

4-108 3L*i'l ;-.Pe 14_37 cjrili rJry

7-',t97 ,.+:i

N-230 c+;!J -QJnj

16-50

25-237 (4*r)

8-206 ss''l

cr

ltr

Jl,i / !^.il

"+J:

E-110 a

8-161, 9-53

18-68 arl+ 17-18 (-xat) -.#ut

+

iJJl ,!1s

r,1

(6r^u)"er-

3-128 6Jbn-

rJti.l

24-63 (&) 28_69

44

o-:+

1_215t4

5-124;.; 14

Fd,rF t:"yt\ 12-57 dtiJ /.t\ 11-178 l\ 4-62 6 "ii- .t\I 17_212 ,Jt ! 13_7i r+t 4 3-52 iiJ! / tli- !J+ K-143 .,rr;r J;c l!-;jJl e

45-107 o*!-F+

J-143 {^r+L r3.)! ri,,,l- :rl ac itJ6tl ai

5-92 (Jr,i) ,J.' a Jt+ 25-89 (.:,ry) ed o Jtil 8-88 (rrr".ea;0 &+) ,frS uj1Li1 30-97 ci:U;! / 4-lj g Jti+

8-24.+"i'tr "Jl /.ijJl

132 Li

".

.,

26

17'-24

slr '''t

i

19-33

46-217

B_87

6iA

rll

33-97 (i\'a) ;ru;rrt' 34-97 (L:s))-) 6"vl)*

50 r+ill

24_210 ?\_LA

19-210

7-oi. r:.ie


lndex

o,J€'s

I

a

.! l-r-.jdl

7-226.1$!l 176

itl

illr

{lrill

iLjjlL

K-$Q

1

iFt

0

c.:r

E-137,J+Fl

uu*

16-117

g;!1n1

t_230

B_i95.4F

tr\=y I.4t_*

5-68 ssgi

c5-9:

1

36-81

E-195 1-)r J) J,-l A-240.r+ lJr.ls J'.-3

21-20 ."jinl

p-l09 c,:l

9-6 ".r-

- js

rr

udlr

9-S

'16-204

Jx

O_191

u

F-240,rv 6-56.r.sii$

33-'lI gl"iLtll '"liCl

7-234

isl.*

4.it^i

-i r:.*j!lj

8-234 cjtl Orjll: 14-50 D-135

rJ*S

+!l Jr$-

ul& Gi

o-lc ,",i!

drjsl si'lj

*1

A-148 !tJ.:. s,lr

25-19;"j-ll '"lirill

8-122 6FL. silr

30-19 ol'+tt '"rt

'"liCl 29-19 ((Ai.'" lil) GJ.dll+:Jl ,-!irl

E-60 drull C:]j

4$Jt1'll 61+YJr

dr,rli

31-19 *J"-ril drlrYil

''lirj

i!$ 11-218 siir -.1+; / (rill) ,ljdl gi;

26-19 (93utt) 32-19

G-r+ill

218.:Jill 14_218 ,l+lt

34-'19 s)srtrr",:,"rU

zl-19

a\s_l\

-

elJLA

d$-i

19-4 e'srlll

8-212(6!t'J\' )tuCr

26-233

D-232 irr+ )U,ii

16 d).st

16 -rrc.r.$l 16 silxl 16 JG dlXl

12-18 f,l1

Yl

4l;" lXl

lr.1-

c.l+!l .- -r / Cl.j

0-109 JiE\tl s}'l D-114

P-170 JutYL

*j:,j

100 !. lcl

4$ iF

elr

4_239

_L

H-lOl J+)[Jt.3lrj

iLr

Q_170 (J"j$ / g

;q,r

crL".K

E_109 q.il

.i,.:

ctij

l_60 $tCt rt"in

)$-

J'1a

P-60 8l')l-ll

6*

..r

1-232

":ill

dsJt

28-68 e! / r"r 5-122 ..t-*+'Lr"F 36-213

4-60 ,:ljit

.1c r=:r.ji.ll

qlJi /

s'*; e*J

0-60 tr;j.ll e,".j c-11 , ' -\r Jl ti,,r G-108 -Jl(clr)s 185

.l.- i

el'.Lll Jrui

Jsll g^ {c!- q!! cJ3lii C-112 €{l+ .j' elril rls &rn 4-112 c{L _ri dsj e^ Jrln F_49 ai$t JJ ,ji!r L-41 )til ,,'.,:

1

C_l48 1-68 6

D-118

E-233

jJs

ej c+j

rcn

*+.r

lQ

rlr..;i.l

ot-CY!

e->

8-36

c;-i

4_172

4$i

D-129

a+l-.rr crS_i

H-153 !-,l_!l ,J_e c.rx> H-230 (irsll di;l) ilJl ,-;;Sjl o,"-i

l-36 ir+ / c;-f E_126r+3Uj 10-228

,,

ull:r

li

,Ji

Ajjill

Al-r"+

dlr

2-227 dttt *1"

4-227 vi:tt.l" djill 7_227

;.Jt.l" djijl

10-227 ?t-y,J'-;-l C" ,tJl Glc CljFll 13-228 e,\+ Crl *L drJl 1-227 J\i".L AlJ'll 3-227 is_ u,ll d Al_jFll 5-227 dllsJAlr g. iI-I.i plAr 6" gl}ir B-75 Pt-!t gji R-109 99

J",-!

dr?",_Fl

B-48 6ljc.Jl de &i A-108 (t'lr rrL) :'^ S-1 70

Fl:ll

A_101 4,";Jl

.5$-,.

't-.r:lt JJ

"_g:

c1n

d,!.i+Jl

;lr$l

H_27 )-i I

c-235

jij

d.!I r-.n A-118eJlli;cF n B-11 8 rJlJrll isJr ij,ij / s^ii E-118

4r+-'P

33-99 'F-r

.l+,.r

19!192 J^lSillr &l-i:u

t-';

7-1 89 4*I

B-87

-r-

1-rL3ll

J-36

,

2-208 ^.tj ,4-86 'li'Jl-tt'-1

crr!L.j

tr-/$;rEJl ;$; A-128

*;; ros

C-195 +l-,ll

--)'lr r,ln

F-101

G_36.rr".u ,i;;

gr'" '-:jj o: 16_101 , trr-iirr$ j

CJl3l

(..j*JL.i

*l'

,}.-

'15-101

16 erfill

t"r

l-€r"ri

1

J-38 , ; ^rl ;-n- Jl :rs L-38:luJl J* J! !$$ 10-190 4r$

eJ.r

2-100 {tL$ll (rjs-.1-)

7_71 4Ar

16 ,ic

Jr':"

A-153 r-+ll '"'-r

31-99 4+sJ+i JJj,r W-39 qrJ)isl)l +)ill *1" ell'l C-153

-)t;l gs

5-152 i.rsJj

19-161 ++:FJ r_Ss

j_h,

0-36 qae.l4-!.1,;,r

8-101 -i'r+ i.rJj gj 1 7-101 -Ei' 3rr- o:

27_$g,ii 18-145 s+X .j-F / r-le+

24_233

i

0-232

1

2-62 Ztd. .,l'.isll j+:ll

JiU+i

1

Cil"l

ilLJ

A-171

u,"l:

-i-i

JA,"

R-i70

8_232 r,.ui ,,-r. M-36

J-e!l g;;a,ijl

nll ,J

+-6J

23-205

-p)l:

8-101 &--ll q3rs, ;r':r Q-39 'tiJl -.r,;-: / ,tiJl t+l;

H_36 dt3

/.+j !l D-48 ..rr-)r ri. gj 26_19 s-Yi ,"rr j

4-115 tl*+l /

ilt

isi+ll eil

8-224 E-48

4;ll c,5 C-135 +_rit e.u CD-108 -..-:lr iJl i L'il, C-:r 14-33 .r.i-,I ;rJ3 Js q-rr +i.:i C-101

e;ji:

B-135 .j1lll slc alr.i,Jl , i<r H-135 drJl3l *.lc lrl $1 ,,.<r A-135 (:Jlsr el iJ!-_r,,'<r

J<5r,j

Q-230 -:r.; E_219 ,rJl cDr.d_:_t j!

I

8-148 re+-l

e:.

jlJr r.i c'-lF

r':

33 :P;ll '

tucil

20_210 c,_*

16-68'lr-\l

Cae]

"L l-108ruJd! qill , ;i I

slc

!lg;t:_yt

\_i

ir"

"_.,p!

5-152 JrJ.l6Jsrl

B_39 _x>Jt ,r.

T-170 aiLjll

1-29 Ju\i 12-238

e$ / fJA^i3 A-94 qti'i3

197 d,j..;,,j!t

,

i{r

D_36

Lri

t*

o.

c1.i3i

5-172;.:.'=+.ts 6-172 olilr .'r-P

D_110:!iil\ y;

rJ!

[/-{$ ,}rt-:Jl ::.;.jn

B-4'l'I#

17-68

,l_F.l+

l{_{9.!;ruJl e-FeF

r,-!6,rjl ls 6 r-! ;JF / Jltll i.t-i. rrF 1 7-96,jlJl O!,JA ;_.r:-

21_57

jifi

a4_A;_r_r.

15-96 (s+)

-.

7-172 "+LrJl rlri

.j_,r$ 0-170 , r,l_r "t" F-108 *:Jl ' ru tr

eirr J.

B-176 (.:r e+-lr)

'*in

16-966

G-27

N-109 JuYr Cii

;.2r::

10-87 ()u3;) 18-96

rril

0-116 cd

9-191 i:lu"ll C.+, UlsL-171

eriill

'rjslr iF

G-135

C-60 o:'iit ' ruvr

c$ti illl #

')

Ol5j^)J

, rLrr

";.rJl

-r

v-39 4+-Jr iF

J"LliJl ,i+.':j

J-230

16-218 (ll "iJl .:l,ri- r.r # 2l ,ie_jl B-44 eiJ"-ill ri clrl"Jl ,s,":

C-48 l+ll .ril

0-230 $rrrl D_224 aa; (e:.) e:+ / "-l::

c-38 F,c!+; iJi a ': I r F-135 r.)lsl -lll r.ei:

R-171

$t-jl Jj c,r.i

c-118 c,l!l u-+ Jj

c"il

D-195 Alllll j+l 197,g,:-r:Sjl +-r LJI.-I! J++;ll

tF t*lii

A-224+_lt ,'-.,

129-12E,drt etlir

'l$ ura'lll

E-101 ;+)r,J'.ir+.

M-8

B-11 2

A-102

Fr

LUS

cle

G-12 Jlric)l D_235 ieJ.'e

F-118 t"r ,,.-

4rr diiii

J-)l Jl r:n

I

F-l76 3-).,it;;

l-137 !4

ri+ill

i--ir cr

237-236

\Sir irl,;

i-lilt

289


I

I lndex c.r"-les i'1" L'

8-'100 (+u)

&rJl dirili rj;L

9-234 J-ti (e:e.))

9-192 9-166

!;i'

dq

ri 'r\rL;-

!-rr

50-183

'

/ clUL

ildl.

-l+-d

jk-

10-234,7-56 (9r

99

t'rllll

e)'1:

32 FJI

drYls

5-234

(Ju.Jl) J

*Jl

d .*l3il /

25-235

1

l+*

irjs t1 t

7-102

*+

+_.,1_9a

+-.rl-e

8-91 !;1+,r +,rl * 6!86 i ,"ii uJlF 10-91 3ti:1Yl

18-194

u.

91 dr-,+ll )sJ;

Lt-i!

220 xi<iJ.!t LIJI 61a 'jiJlr

,_r*

.>

91 cl

c*Cl

1

7-9'l

4=s'

11-155 (l+Jl"

3_222 sUrj!

iirs

ii,s 4-50 elJl GJc iir\ 29-95 rr.i^sl

26-231 Allll

d>tt "1"

'r\ 'ti

32-95 (+-.*Jt iJS) eejl '15 25-95 d" !J,S ri elis 30-95 Ot L{Jdr

a+!.i

8-152 rlri siii

'12*56

.^.l-)

'l

20-90 JLlJ (Li+) 6LJl sxc

3-212.jilJ10-199 +->

290

5-132 cri 55-169 37-195

..i

\+

1

10-126, 19-5 (jl4.rlr

-i-

c1"-ru

oir q*l" / diris 15-7 +-y1-

5-42

acE)

)\

24_237

28-97 iirir {S1+ 12-92 (rj,$) 4+i: i-:sl29-93 (dr-ill) 6\l.ll d+J ijsla 14-89 -,r-*' 16-90

-a3 3i

rL'

.,-j

/ -,,:l- ist+

i).

4!+

4KL'

5-75 cL ur!+ c_121. r.r sLlA G-216

ct.r^,Jl

/ c,l.,r.h

L-8 Jl_rJl .! -.:t+ 16-192 Jr-lI

4-66 d!+ 26-71 sSrFi 27-71 g:-ts-

c.t:>

_*l

ce:

28-71

dP+

29-7'l \-rL;:'ic+

a\

4-82 crl: cu+

2-106 ie+ 20-113 .r++ / i-r:+

24-214,::\

14-11 7 +! ;-B+i

9-198

a Fll rl&i-l

*'tl+r

-lc

.

a

+r;+

3-155 tS-ZO1 +q:rl I *sr#r

12-201

G+Jill

\

-Jrs

1

5-194:Jl.ll

Jl\

9-178

-.21s

"!ilr

1-34 6+

.=,:.+

-.:+r

6-111 (g-l;+)

uJiJl

26-195

J)l d ;l ir.{+ Jl jq+

17-14 d,tllSll -1" .J!

2-34 .lQ-ggl.'1-/

Jia er*

Q-{ $$ ;sl3 ii''ir -1li'!r

132

eb

22*178,7-176 .i-l-.rB

ar)u+

58-169 gs>

'l

Ol-Y+ /

17-61 i-Usll itLil / GrJt+

14-32 (tc)i+

qts-rt'

ej-

38-93 r.l+lJl i.iJd -l?!

i,.+ll

3_20

1-214, 16-184,3-122

l:

ei

.rL: Flrr;r-lFr +$

D-76 rjr / r.+

2-190 aL+

$ *ic arlsll

3-141

'ls 26-95;t"i,t\

/ ,f,P.+

ql,+

J-.

3_13

rtt""._r

47-107

'trLx

el\

20_179 ar"Lij'ts

6-98 J. 22-13 lr+\

cL:," J+t: 2_144 &_A &iA / 6jJa c1i: (-rt-:ll

o+

38-217 d.+

1-158 q+\-tt E:-!l *.. t13-141 e-sJr *.1^

224 JUIII ,,.-t r 4lrrsjl

r-! / iu-

qb+

4-184 'r:tu / *.. L 3-182, 9-106 *..l.

.:l'x

14-177

31-93

B-90 4lsl+ 27-97 il,ii..lst+

31-107 rj+

11-71

=_i

30-69

eill

10_106

LA+lt

r,.Jt

15-98 ciL.!

"+x

11-145

.11_199tiJ+

I 6_108

3-18 or-i 29-91 o;'r / eL"' +-93

g_204 rrrr+ 104

50-217,7-100 ..r+

2-108 drll

ojl+ll 6Li+il

4-90 !.I+ (rj-) .rst+

.i\l a. JIF

14-138

9-100

L;

27-195

C-ll +i-l rux) u"l ,J s+

d.Ii

16,iidt S_17 J;

6-92 lYrill a^ rri. eli dtJl illc LJ+

24-68 $l iF 8-228.-il_*

4Ji

3-17

-r-r>

Lj+

28-95 (dul elle ,lL) 31-95 6rr! (,ju"I 61- rrL)

o:t- jlr-* +-.'r+ jr jF .,,1; .=,_.,-+

'"+ll :irb

3_69

11_228::_dl B-91

16 o-'r)j]t

9-54

c*S / dlrJ+

15-'178 ce+

ditlJl

+Jl

drul

i'll rjrja

204 iJ+1l drE+r 1+tJi+

1

'10-20 pli):Jl

.)t-r+

jt.*

2-199 al",b 1-222

rF

14-94

c,l..;r,3x

7*.\t d

jall

"

/

pl-iJ

,,.

6-176

Jtj,+

10_41 _p-

:J. I .i illiJ t! F rb 12

13-166

o.,l3a, u.

y sliJ'

29-107 $lll

24-93 (JtJl 1*+s>;,i-) 4*-*

ill

51-217 !b A_10 El$l rs

r-i

7_91 ::l-ll'

l+Jl

7-6 eiull i 13_161 1+j, rJL ! 7-5 g+l,P ql-i / ' i ^;

i ':i ollj;

24-20

142 4"rJ+ll

a<+

!--.r

32-51 !_,r* (r" / -. Ut s,3 1-198 r k j,M rJ,.ic dlx

-. Sl r-e_>

12-142 J3jI14-)+

Ls-!

'

&-

q+xl er +..ill r F

14-53

6-112i-_t+

9-91

15-216 c,Li {J- i iJlii

! d.:Jt ,trdrr Ji- ili /

Lr"Jr

12-215:*

'11-91 J-1sl

9L178

r..;+

_rk+

OriJl / Li]1a jl-e+

J-r:lt

28-121 of"rl-Yl

12-91 aHlsil ts-.!.+-rl.r+

4-224.*)t JF 15-181 s.tu' J5 9_80 ajiL (&_r;_).:.r-

4_219

jk+

217_216 dil+r:I 213 ir"JNll 6l+r!l

17_215 3E 27-63 (,Jli-F) irF

c jt{+

u61r

r,-!

&lJ+

12-172 sl-rt<-jf

21-183

5-162

ei.i- 6ji- ''ri' 19-226

l_173

.rs"

aa'e\'

c3>Lll d,iJ

11-172|:Lta:lr)l r->

9-118 pJll.i"; g"lau;t*26-15

6-178 (-rj:rle)

r+ rl

J.1-

r+lir 6lrrL

;.1t;p

jl-e+

€!

21-113 is. *

/

rl$''il

(;:!r-i)

9-177

'Si

10-209 d,1*$

lr+

e

13-110 6->

Jl.L

4-78 4r1$dj lcF 7-212

}":

al".;,ril

26-107

36-121 Cl-r' 10-71 (ljrSE*l) JA+ll rlr+

-rk+

r6lJ+ll

22-179

6_i60 lr1.

10-54

+,J*,r

qlfi*r &J. cSL! jk+ 3_232 *+dl -. r.l) jq+

5-74 '\ca I

25-233 (tir-.rs)

iilt

lijldl &1.

18-233 74

gli

1-124 6lJlr- !-i!r6 / !:lJl?-

Yl +':lill

13-18 69

9-21'l tr\ 1447 6t;S | 6t5.

3-234 (;r"riri+'i)'+l-f jk+ 8-56 _ie,r- ik+ 1-196

ilrill dx,J"t-

23-56 dD:Jlr

*,-!i

(MP3):jij !r I

2-234

15-32 cl"l1_160 !_jtiiJ d;rA 15-94

d-lJii Jtr-ir jLc-

6UL

6+jl dJ / &L

cJ+>iJr

"s

i;

1-234, 3B-159 (9r o+) 11-234 -Ia 9r j t'i J*.-:i jl-{-

11 r ,"ji.j, LFtJ.ir !+L ,':Yls

16-98

e+,Flrl

4.L

116 AjJll. id+t dlYls 1

rl-(+

Glc .LeL

20-139.slJl

145-144 :+'r+ll,sJlrsllr

J,jj

q.6",r

E-11 4 4++ll ,4!l-J cle .L!ls

!*'l{f,

"+

::\

3-211,5-210

)l-{+

iJ'es53 jl-(+

12-234 .!Urrr-l

irL

21-129 lrr€J

l:;rl

26-54 i,Y rSUl

cLJl

gls

g-.,D:ll qJ1oJl

4_152 +,1-r cJ_*

4-210

a\


lndex

d*r€3 32-81 :t+ll slc ii.+l^ d.l .J-:i 4-14a.i.l6ll /lijkll!i

lr 31-193 gJl!k / &u.L 22-193 dir*.t: 23-193 sr'!.u: 3-134 ..rF / r!: 39-180 .J)s /.jL!i 40-180 lrf qitti 6-186,/UdA 6-175

7_122

i^il e _rr: slr -Ji.i

A-146 ljJll"ll illsll LLr

16 ..;& o*l-ill

LrS1 39-138 er s-Jl LJ:llr L sJl

!

)+

i+ j+ 20-71 ,r-ltrrt+ i+ 19-71 -'-! )+ 4-80 (:-;; u.* j+ 12_211 ih+

J.Jl

8-190 i'ni

47-183'jt

1_186

.tllr

7_216

/

)+r uiu:

J-r!r ri:

18-138

.t): sil+J*s l):

12_54

25-54

4-194 4):

i*; 16 j"Jr

!$

el_)Yj:

f$

l-.,y)3r

12-20 u-+Jl

32-99. 34-95 i-F 29-183 'lt ll i i'*Li / -l )Ji 1 0_179 rjr--F

_rj:i qst 21;

14-215 1

Ls 17-184 -!i Ls 3-106 i H-l1 bl-)l*l ri C-l57 -S.;lsr. Jr ij+Jr ii 155 L'ri

8-214 "t-ji: 10-68

-F

23_93 3rF

19-231 (4is:/j C!rJS)J.ij. .lerrra

9-204t;jltr i 0_69 -rt+i

Ji. .rt+i 3-100 (ejj) 'ut5 11-80

1_100

4l.gr

22-69 45_193 -x-

47-217Lj)l?*)21-53 ?h)9-61 -ij!.i:! a,:"!r / jF 6_215 ir,r12-7 4.t13 --!trr JrFI

;.hF

203-202.jlJr

"hF

12-155

2-212 (d'it+r) r}j'r: 1-100, 23-99 .1+: lzt-lQ$ uu-)l ' irl:iil LJi

137-136, 4-124 4!\l d,t6-j*ll Jr+i ir,ilr 159 iJrr"rl dAlr

5-225

10-158 +i+lr urF

1-54, 1.1-5 ijr)22-55 rilJt 4+Cr ;jrji

1-182;j'Jt l-:t; 6-59 6trrl 1-58 6l.,Pii

117

i,lJt cjilr

r'rl;jrF

;tr- ..*)- i:t;

'11-182 J:uL turF

161 rJiUll cJih

G-l60 4

i-tJl

+ll

4ir- g'1.

alrrj- Jili 13-125 iisJt Jtr

6_132 4+)-

4-13 *slr

158

;-.r1+Jl

23-70 (J-isll+ \rill 21*108

{.S-

_"A

1;$Lr

dL"i Lis-.lrr

zo-J, a.,',+

F.1u".1+.

8-33 4i--i

ilsr)

9-37

1-69

-":; 8-178 *-i:li; ' r' 15-238 (dliri) ir+ii]r

11-216.=,r

23-37 ;

",i*;rr

38-95

cr_r+r

14-100,4r''" r cr-er 19-108 _l'.i

crrr

1

17-178

1

13-165.:rL"r--i

!:i crlr.Al 69 27-72iwr\r6 g_66 Jrrr

0-34

2_140 a)$t !_.r-

aj-

5-98 J:_F 8-144 -y-t7_144 -r,.l.e

5-100

OJJ.tj+

s'i:r Jt^ 17-37 Jjrl lua

1

ilt^ llr*

29-68

11

-209 d,l '1' (:Jl

.iJl

8_119

J*

214 el=nlsj,llr

4_215 at ^-

ii ^iJ Jri ,,1' J .-Jt 5-111

137 c!

i;ir.

ri-G

'

.

28-57 .L^

J.ir / -ti!j iJiisll

106

tJd-'

199 6uL:slr

ut+ll

1-188

tula

17-216

tt:=

4_162 l,.iJl _;

29-2'i.3

ae.

11-177

o*

/ "!ir / .;

50-107, 25-57,4-54

*e

1

t_*-

0-37 cjt^,j-yt + A crti8-37 dt"3ll {lr 6l-:ti:

!) el".i,Yl !a 6

2_64;li-

cr:'

6li:lt ai' r\ 240 +' ilL $i clril 5-222 J:: G!--j. il!-

20-53 18-63

3l*; ir L-.r-

8-1'tl 4+-t^

a_57

(r.r"

rl-1o

L-F

57 eUJl

ila 11_34 :^ 6_119 i-,1r; /.,.. 35-1 07 rrlj-

2-57

elj-

19-43 .>_F 18-192 (jEliJl -r^

ir-t3jjl

:+.,1j...

rcJ

4-46 eu'

15-214L\^ {,i.)l Ji-

21-51 JlJl

r4.):ll

13-117

6-226 JclJl Glc

7-63

rl ;JJii du.i ri

8-179

,t;

al.i el-ls

26-235 r,!jrl+

15-57 d-iu. / -L3s:lL5

1

\iJr

52-159

33-217

2g_139

_sj_F

3-92.:trri

;t*

3-215,rt^

1-94 Oru.iill 11-101 !. rju

ilr- rt Lrs

4_140

t-

i-Jl !+;: '!!t-

42-81

qi3-,1s

-.,+ll d_r_r-

13-7 "l+dl .j . 3-140 ;rli-X ,l ,;rJl a;.;s

,jL

8-84 s]+A 5-66 t+L

39-21

1

10-226 ^-F 34_193;_itr

12-239

r,iFl "hr=

.-r!t --tJ ur++.sl ,rF

29-167 4ll+:

153 iSrJL iiln"J

d,til-

sl:j:

jrs

5eJrJl .25,Fll

!b!i",i i.ils

25-37

2-37 acL:_!l

j;)4.: rt_,,-

drjY

,* J-

4-79

.:i-ri

185 2l-.t rrr:

93,.;

30-213 >'+ll

37-95 36-95 "rri:.

crL.ll

a:-!- lsr-

6-1 99

crLJSll Jis

d)d!&.!L

drJl

7_142'-\.6-> 1

19-129

4.lt+ 12-1 30 -i qlr .:rl"ii'

28-183 LLr / 6rlF

2_21i t:Ji:<

W-9

24_194

21-184 (bl+ll .L^) 1,1JI

21_106 J

J-

14-192

sibll dJJl

19-138

3-4 +!t .-t rF Jrlt

139 i+Yjr

18-71 -F--i 28-€1 eil14

24-193 ;ul,o. .t .t:, 2F't 93 l+jlrj. .t .!:

193

!$':)l

lJsli;Jri!,,' Jr

8-198 Dii-Yl

L3SJI

139 tirlJr Lrs=

11-67 _;* I

.

r*'

6-ZZS 138 (41lli1l)

16 c'r*Bl

Ci"+l

,

1

10_192

I

-r:a-r

rr& / iU cFrsll 5 r-!l ,J.e D_l7dF

206

215 FJlrillr iiilYl drul,.!l

ills 2-946ulrj+/+!-d.i-

6utrCl

G-f 0 t"i!i .!ii:

215 311-.dl oul4215 aJjiJl 61jljr-ll

l)diJl 140 4JrJl cJtslllr 6rill $-$/r:u,.'.7i;= 19-89 r_x- i!:: / -L-i i-r3-88 .3trrl i.;-

212 i+

15-59

+t

L,jr crulr4L-ftt s+-

H_174 i!.U4 clil

G_3.r$t e+23-43

d.:n

-,

/ !-iiL:

40-95

d:

et 19_23 Jl; d:

20-13

o+ir

14-223 4sr-)s c+-r-

7-177 140

1

15-226,

1

8-94

,cl;lr

17-94

-L J-.r i+!4i"

Lj 'jls ,.+i-

16-37 Ji'tlr iu J:- i+L

7-184 6$i

erE

19-94 Jn 4+i-

dliJ)

erE

14-14't rrJill / -<Jl

3-184 drlJl+Jl


I lnO"* cy*res dillt Jjr3 qjulll

37-36

118:r-

LJc-)

1_104 t:"!-t '13-57 uiJl c,;,i-,

e'r":Jl

rl

9_110

{;,r

'10-74 (i&Ji)

.,i"J

5-161 , 3-152, 2-150 q,sl-r

1

15_225

2_224'E\)J ,<t,)

0-7 ','r<il 'i'-.1

12-228,Jcs!.)

iJ

13-216

3-44 q\-) 8-239 ,J" / !t-r

35-73 (cr+r'i)'.rli.,,,J1-h,-Su-.r 3-104

c.i.

_.)

6-91 ,;1,,,\l

*/-,l

"

i4J

e)4t u. t-Jl

riJ

6_4 ii.iu

et

4-164 r-+r /

30-15, 11-4O"iJill /dilcll eiJ

33-168

14-132

12-4 (JuJl)

rJ

*.Jl

o.i-il:lt / -i:taJl

.i-.,1

i"dt ii€Jt 16_14 J,r:tr

C_r

S_112

a*;,

20-106 9_227

g-226

3

1

8-212

(Lt

oti_.r

dl:,!l

6-133 !r.i-.r 1 9-237 !ilJ4li- !t j2 I t:,E) \t3-; 1

20-237,3 yi; I "<+4-g: \t 16-237 ("+-l-.r-r)

.'-

:_t

a1l-r-r

18-237 e.J' cJ!: ql-r-.r 17-237 (,+: l+) {+"-r !l-r-r 91228 erj!^+ll

i.:L.jl

i*:l+,r 2-226 c--)t =-6_.r 10-189.:l;.:rdJ

*

gt,:

+:S

Ct-r

LILJI

1-30

J:r

lLJ

4-40;ir- rru: -rr

20-74,-+$,+L:_t ,19_14

{ljr- it!-J

1g_14;",. ,;lt-_)

Jjill

r:lcll

50-159 (d,'ri)

ctl-.,;5ll

slc !':rij rl

32-11 3

!ii)l dil,ir

17-132 7-152, 24-129

t:-jr ,'+-:

LJslr

$-

' tJ ^J

5-13 c,t_) 15-237 (t'e.is) Jdl ;!"J 119 oL:-)l i,"rcr

il-llgut_;t (-r* 't-+) ;-1 2-58.23-54 u-t! I 6j 1

5-215

7-62 Jg,s^ €rJl 8-13 el+-! 'lJ i-1lll 1-_; 1-1 3 &J.cj -){r €Jr

!ri.

2-13

gt..;i

t__rr

16_210 JtrJr

B-12 rir-.r

gJn

26_214 43r*r

1_106 rrrl

9-64Lr',;e lL.,t)

_F\

17_152.b!cr -J^j 39-107 ::-r 5-,199 r.*,-.r

0-1 32

1

1

8-134

-1$

-,)4r

-rsr

49-183 .l

/ c!:y;r;.It

gr"1L.1

13_.13g i-S-aJl , *:jJ / rt

:ill

cr"+J

7-199

ol-.,1'13

' -'':-1

17-205 cU! 2g_gg

10-197

iiLr :iirr

sl-1

.,;llr

6ir

t

14t5

36-97 4--rJc

16

c'tjt

-r- 6+trtt .j-Jr d lJ+Jl i,u)4)l arj L-'10

dle

C-lJ

(3-ii)l il.r. C.l_r D-l73 rltjll

riiu;3Jl uE ,',-rll

F_l97 ;t.+a illjstt

ui

6-199 Jrilj<r 31-213 +,lr 8-225,7-61 Jr> / -lr 7-37 cluusll !r 9-141

c+l-r

5-8,rli;' *-rr, 37-159

,*rt-,r

acr ."r

rirlJ

4+/4h

24-131

,llill

28-233 4_t: L^t 21-59

*:

9_99

itlr

7-99 (d$- s.tt! eit !) .,rJl 46-168 (J-rti.) otir 25-181

,)tt / ollr

10-232 c$rJsl

Otar

19-233 s+i olAr 2O-121 ot3: 3-1 12

ljit

F

ei

ts

el

,r

70 iL+l:rll

7 6-r-.,1

9-158 (3L-; -1411 6_102

rt# ui" / isr

db iLlJ

16

1

29-73 oF) 10-224

dJ)-r / cildlr

(4lslJs)

J-lgl

2_18 &ur

lalJ

13-92, 12-88 ({lilJs) dic i't+lJ 35-97 i.s- _.r (4:slJS) d.ic i.Ll'r

-Fr

ur*lt

Q-f

s*,u-1

i':"tl cL:.rr{,,.-n,

&

48-183 +"1r.

26-139 (;r.*ll) !J+lt c.+-r

7-185, 16-83 (+,i);1.cl"ll d"+r

;rir

"s+

!+-r 6til

12_132

8-138 c,+it

12-185 JilCl

i_ij+- e,"lcr

9*197

rrj

22-216,-ti l.J:)

B-173

:.;l_.p

12-2244>+)t 1;3Xq,l-1 9-8 UJJ|

12-198 JrGil

6*31 6;-1 1

tlsu / isl-r

50'-Ei-jy I !-,f-i,

3t-ri

15-175 .]-,..: ' 'r' - , 18-225 -FJl

4-1

sr rsls :Fli

174

.r-J

12-101 r^ijl dir,iJ

22-1294Lil 15-151

+j

28-195

6-184

L\r

;.+. €r-r

106 +ll e.L-ir +llr tUJl 4-177, 12-69 \!

14-106 6--r 1-148

8-215 25-70

g-!Jl

23-194,14-105

-i.)t).r+-,',ll / ot*-!l 37-2,t slt 4-30 cjt+-r J:+-r

1-76 eIL ebr 24-70'-*..tq.,

"r1<rl

:lq :i i!-.,

9-105

22-81 o-dt g'r33L6bt

28_214+i

L.-)

.r'ii* "lr-.; B-74 Gt)L))

ci_r^_.r

c!l_r_.r

cjjt

4r 4r

10 / efr

A-137

19-121

23-225,!-t

6ui-

D-10

clt !-r

8-206 6'A:ll 'lr-1 37-93 6l-nll 'lr-1 38-121 drlbl i-iJn olrJ

33-15 i+ll J.J 34-15 4+!l J..)

31-51

r.r.

e-_,J sa_rJ

5-216

/ JiL-l i4J

30-161 rJAii. 9-136,

du jgt

29-233

22-152 s"S\34'-!)

9-4 g+-!t -r-!l

18-184, 10-5

dJ".lt os

26

u\-i r+- / Jt@i LFr 106 Clllr d'rll 1 6-152 .tii Jni iLJ

6-227 1)_>tt +-f.;

-x.,r

25-71 4-76

12-166

3-226 (JlrJl) irsr ursr 15-24 q:u1 1-228 d-cJl i'"!"r 29-15. 10-4 aUilr ae / ,,..r

14-239,

9-'t11 e.;

-226,-!-.rl-i'!l +-F-r

5-155

SJI

rsJ

cL d,l+uJl ,,.r<r 5-228 €lJJl lrSJ

51

siill

22-106

+S_r

u.

!-

/ _r.,+r

4r 17-70 q:_t4t

.+-.r_rll !1+_r

11-2O5

B-75

ols

s*3ar

6-70, 3-66 6l+r

_ry_rr

7_215

4-'17 4_t

.;.;s_1

".srlt 6rr.!r 9-226 J-lill

11-106

j e^.

Jt-

1-1 66

p_,

d++lt

1

1

iJ*

5-27 (SKU) ;-lJl .i,"-.F i-r 11-132 _*Cl -. t* e_r 11-136 i.t lt

16-91

CJ

15-4 u+6+Yt Ot"^rll iiU+

36-21 JrYl

*ll ;L,lL,

7-232 t"lJl

1

clc

26

144 t+t,t 24-94 ,llJl .Ll,-)

I 6.t

-.,13r

C-10 .:,lJS! Olr

tt-$t.;

cliiJ

-:

c.iJs_Yl

,

42-213 (3u.l-) JJ 17-238

oli

; "-sllt elr4u,,,<lJ

7-1 94 J4+Jl .,r .-iJ

ii.i

;u-:

L$. i)i 27-7 &lJS / crGL I 3! u" _p 5-58 ijlJA / !)rr 22_57 i+rrj lyrr

eUi d.li idrJ c-147 e"'iul ii- ',';lJ

5-54 oits L"ti- ri.jJ

1-64

'll-'lQ[ 6i;.

8-172

4+

5-178

5-56 i+ytt_y +,:":Jl i'!6+yl LiJ 11-56'(;Gill) $.iJl qiJ

16_229 JtilYl

35-183 o-,$ g*ar

/

(p-e;q)

6_126 t-+- / cr-p t_l g_5 JJ. ctJri

32-69 o^ crf-.r 8-186 +-y ul_.r

2_54,;:

1

sliJl )Jl

13-47

10-58 _r_!l el-.,

22-74::-"P-t

1

50 (erJr+il) ;Bsjll /

{$-l$$ {$-{gg

uljr uljr 9-.rr rjr

g;_lill

aL_)ill

13-111

23-212i:s:


iL iljl+'ill il-

11-83 j+ill

(4dl'"'r'J

1-57

u+)Lll

.

2-101 31-121 rlrlrl !:J^+"! Al26-57 .:r)-r-

21-55

d1++

F-155 d,*.;'e

lill el"ul

138 LiJ;tdl iLLJl

9-142

:il

:i

16-34 (aYl 4+rj / r.e.!l

3i

17-34

(.3!l €:j

/ a.

22-12'l

+l;idli 2_178 l_

14-181

G_11 ,,i<\l

Jillr

JF u+lr

iL +

"

^iJs:Jt

2-27 gt].J\ YAt 31-43 -'r:>* / +* 6-28 .1E+*,l$Q L;5:.L_.7

&

ciL ocrl3 ,:L v-9;JJr i9-209 'L*

j.r4L-

14-234 ejj- 4\L\^ dril

icL-

1-14

O

.+$l / !-!l-ell

:Elo

13-14 alr-,ls*r

14-14

Lj*jJ i-r-

. r ,n4 i.JSLY g"i);o!1

0-1

1

8 i+.t

i.L"-

23-210 et-

6t*

26_93,_i; 5-71 , ;r.., yl 1-71

,a

14-212

29-81 .-ilI _L =.j.L

,\

16 J'ic 1

5-131

e'ul

1

cr*

9-96

/

).i'

sblll

18

18-80 (JlJrs) +-S 4l>t20*80 (1Lli) ijr

s- it)-

GL 10-50 3-53, 6-ri / f>76 el,J"ll L)u '15-80

,tiJl

4s_.r

143 LrJl

L)rJl

179 qJ"Jl OlS.srL)tJl 3_56

et

9-73 ,jr-Jll il

a+:,t

27-237

Lrt) til: ,.,Jlj l$-l$f, r. _.,p $Q er-jlj / Lriits irlj 27-193 :r "ii. LJlj 7-128z:lgu 2B-193

22-72

d

LA\)

6_66

6-82 rl,J"ll

cJ:U4

+j

cpi,i / ,..r-r+j

l:*

2-132

I

a,y:,t

2-164,4-94, 1-72 ctt-t 9-185

i:ri

25-68.=+i 11

-146 '1-

c,l-.

l+j

'1-74 €. Bj

1-37;cL:J €fsj

i-t'

6f-j 6-205 J-j

13-74 ,t"

{eLJl

24_99 ,tj Jl esl -.,j 2-197 4i+ll Jl t_p-!t -rj

oru

J^ jt*

s'L

a\) 7_190 lrri N-219 ;r+-: trj

11-227 ,,ail\ !. J.nj Ji.",il c" €l+Jl

17-177 +_t)

1

+jll

20-134

5-1 85

6J^L 1

/

.!JCl

3-70

19-228

JrJl

3-197

177

20-63

+Jiir {elJjJl

7_225.j,j,v)

Jre-F- / a!-

17-211 at-s.)

33-21 JAi /

1-212

3-6 eL:"'i;Jr* 7-58, 16-56 -i6*

,l isu ;E-

('t:u1)ts1 24_51 6\3)

24-23'1 1+\ j

4\) 5_144 Jti)

r++

7-33 (.jlllr-) LJll i.l]Jl 1-6;-,r-l-

8-58 >d.-i+,:A

G'rlr.Jl

J14-

11-69 Cr414-20'": rl

6

4+lll

32_217

18-228 crl+ll: rL^,:Jl

'15-111

4t)-

.

rJJll

oL oL G-147 a#41 e.lll sL J-8' i ^ll ,J.i:)-j sI .euL

29-83 "-llr cu:S20-226 cJ)t-.i-)r $''" aS-

4slrr

iiE- /,

rr;:J

4-52

eu

18-78 a+-ll i+i 13-106

ij

1_61 . rjt.ir

1_18, 9_7:_r-

7-165.lrJl

o4_,,

4-214 c4''

u*rLJl

16-94 (+)

eqiX ac<-

& 17-138 (4rtJl) "r +l tr-i. c)14-80 ll-cJ"ll .r,iJ {t)l- / !-ij.,]Jl 4l\ 19-80 u"llld 4l)-

(t:lr)

/ L":r;.

16 u*rLJl 16

16 o_*+Jr

.r'lll

i,r&

irt-

18-216,:)+

12-78

"1"

i-t-

el-J.ll

12-204,J^\^

.Is-

21-80

6jud* 17-71 \ .: r\- .

16-71

gt-

d,!;Ur

5-70,JJq,".1 (ert^-) d-.,

2-76 r-il1

16 c''ul

16-78 v-n ..6-

30-83, 4*55

*

Q.lt 4lj!) J)Cl '4 'l 16-215 *+i eL-

cJ:r'

*l.a i;su q):u

"r

30_73 Js_ 5-238 (o+^su) aes"tt

ar14- 4l)t-

B-71 G)q) rill '''' ' 15-212 g.tult rt- rl

e5'i

21_61 Jl+r)l J,,n

'i'ilI

13-80

!i!l ajr.J$l cL2-71 ; JJI eL-

;i.!- &L

14_152.4s_

-

1-66,t-

/ rJsj

j|UjJ\

4_178 all.L

3-62 6'3-l / '.,-ra

Jti I q4.t .*l+.rL

36-183

25-121

os;eJl

1-46, r:"

8-160-. EJr -jL

0-11 5

d ill

(!*1 i,;_

o""j

14_110

J.ls.A

4_294, 8_6 J,ir

,r-

3-27 (e=i-"tt) 't!-.r::Jl

dJ-:i.+

3_71

1

+_

31-217 o+>) olu 7-27 I )r-Jl

M-191 .]:!..r; C-

,:r

-1,1-x

162;.LJ

o-10 ,j!Lj.1 i-irr

ef

sl-r

2_142

J+S

4-23

{j-ti dir3-23 3-P.:rL

ci;i* j)-

13-61 qr+JrJ23-131

G."sU

rjlrJ-

Ej,ll d!'l)

15-184

{+j

tr

6:jl j-i; .:t-

iiL

5-239

61-.169

ii=;-

9-58 ciry / -r-x 3-59 6*.l,.1u r*

13-181 .:!-

P-!

s

!l-gg i;!.,; Jtl / d;u.a

;--!Jt

2-14 O.J:ll / Ld.6ll ,il5-179 6rE,ir-

21-152

i.iLu _p

>".5t c,!JA

2_196 i-6rur gt-

2_50

-1-

dri

1-240

193-192

j

31_23 1

5-91 e,4;_ u..: JlrJ14-91 sLl Jl-u- /,Jtr-r +.-! sj.j JlrJ13-91 siis:+ c,!5 / *:l."j r--! cj.-: Jlr-)-

uiil illJl

ir6"

aj.i C:+€li

8-142 -.:Jl r:l!;3

4-ii"

139

*l' ,+li*.t+:!

9-71 (!-rrs) -Jl ,ru-r4-154 Le *iI i,!r

il.L 2-55 ii:- ll.lll.L 21 -83 4+Jr"ill 28_54 Llrl\ ii- UL

20-21 2 ( pJt ;tJ..;*)

1-rtl

uu

i,:" e'i-

139 ar+

C)

10_111 ou_)-

lli

(,!er)

4-155

iI-J!

6s: (0$)

31-78

;A-

r_,plr

r-.l. €j

"orr'l;JL

:Lil

'tJl ou.-

Y

15-179 ali irl\ D-26 (clr'll) r3i:lt rL

'

;l,L !t$ oLi ;l,L

15_204

119

ti-.

A-77

41-180,33-95 33-51

16-231 , 1 0-88

40_2,13 4rL_

1-62 J.+

il

43-213 itt-t

19-211 4+J-

13-224

(ij-!l) Jiljilt rr"jil 25-99 (ir-F) 3j:. et-j 4-238 (cr-*) ->,:Jt

39_97 _rys"

26-211 ot,) 11-211 ,3+)

17-214

::+)

14_57 JiJl )U-

6-232 r>ll / i-lyt.tJl 9_1

33-93 JriJl ""i.

14-211 s*)tt.;o,t

22-91 J-ls JA i+Llr;ri-

23-SS ^))^)

1:\-lr;,.F-

211,7-2OB -ty_t

23-91

I

J+ ''i--+

4_gg iG- l+J 6j_ 7_gg

24-90 3!-t'

i

Fj

ri-

4+lr'" '-.-4;.ri-

!_i-ltil

193

U-r-ril

15-145 a4))

16,.,ril|

13-34 E:)

ri+-

25-35 p)l 6-rj 4-239 ctE:) 12-34 a+:)

22-58, 24-56

2;80 (gflr!) d+ 6-79 (6:r o9)*r!+ 12_70

213

j_;_r*

dlir/ J+

F-157 rJl+Jr

J5

26-35

+!l a+ri

3-225 rPls-,3,ts)

293


I

I

Index ir,rer i--;4*rr elj

16-194 (JeiJl

1

7-1 00

13_132 14_165

+l,tt dlJl

10-216 cF# / e{+i 3-108, 4-52 o!,

(tJrjl-)

k$Lel-l.ll ilL-

1-82

1B_131 e-i)-

3-130

,

.1ll.J;)l

11-54

53*181 ietrit

21_21O tt:24_1gl ,:,.!.r\\;.i.M

8-l 94

('._*_r._r_-rs)

el+=

N-10 ILr

a:'-

ll

* i+-:ll: 19-83 rill iF* 6-53 -:ttt* i+ 3-57 O;r.L- dr* 18-83 elli" iL.t .F25*93 Or+:ilr r* 6-133 {+$ 6-208 iri"1-110 3lu 25-107,4-104 -tv 15_89 sru 14-90

>.-i 3i ','t-.1 6^

15-71 ee.*]ul

14-226, 4-92

)'-+

O.

_pt..i

142 ot/^ lFl,

_pL^i

10-108.i+.u 16-32 $i / Lr.i

i*,i 2_104 tj 15-33 J^i F 1

39-81 stti

J* + Jr 13-33 (.trri) +t.i F 3-33 J'-+ Jr 1-33 .r.-!F '11-33 j+ F 17-33 Jfil

9-33

4-28 J^li_!+ ,r",iu 18-79

4-27

ilL

/

j'tls.i

5-106

i.i;

+J,i

6Ja.i

€nAt

11-212,j)a lai'i

iij e u:_rLe 3_49 S_52

,rtr\ I

4_49 u:_.rL _F

i-1u

24-212

->lt

a9i,;

,r.

g_lQl

uUlsJrll r:-.r+ q+,i

40-21 1

8-210

("'+-.

>r,-) J !l

-r-

'E'3ll

+-1;u

dL"i

'

14-201 (as+tt-l+--tt)

o#$l!-l:u

1-201

J{t .;tt-

;e.i

B-209 1

1-32 (6).JP-

I'L

Jit.,j

9-68 et"i 27-217 qj,\*

7

11-73 :e)L

1$<

1

uri(..t-t.;-\ 1:->2_96 )i* 1-96 l+ +*

6r$-

.S+il-L!l

7-90

cp-

4+"

20-56

L4

e*L

ilr-€.i

7_41

6_40 4+,j+;j-ei

^

13_210 GL4i€

3-40

P'9Jrr;rta;

i.+i-

1-40

J\6jki

18-98 ;_Dl i+:u

9-214 )-r I _$*

11-41 ilir rrl.Fi

et-

3-20 J{-

g_41 i+sl.

41-213 (l-r.rs) lJJl F_l74 IJt _!l ,J,j.i 22-79 (L'ji^r") rJr-A i--t 21-79 ('r'!1s) +Lr.a'-L 4-146 jur itr r'' 33-183

4*

11-50 +-l+ll&ru-

21

iill

,r*.i

,17_125-e4:.Jt 7,tt:_

17-53 16-a0,

18-72,t^

4lr-

/ !-.r-l-

i$l i+ci r -.: j+i.eU/rFl# 21 -63 6l "iJl rrLl s.i r-.--j. !-i,i lQ-!$ gla,3Ji. dt-i.i !l-!g ;l.iE. ut-:,i 16-239 (cru,+-Sll)

B-77

1

8-13 6t+Jt +r; 49

157

iL,j*

Jiill 'lr'i irl+-

el,Fi

D-219 k*#,-l rl--

oLis

cl;-,i

:j.i: d el-x 6-70 (rq) J* r't itr; 10-70

2g_113 JL.JI elJ,j'

20-190 Ltr48-168 4tr"i ilL: / i+.rs 53 A""UYI (i$lJil) i.iJ"t!

9-88 Jrr-

27*93:.t)rJl isr"i

3-128 Uill cir$€

2B-83 .Ll" iSr;

16-211 6-222

8-99

(:triFt

(1i;

gl*,'J 30_99

e'+-r-

L_i

37--l6.og u,; 32-183 d;v rj-5-)49-181 J--lll

+$-h1-

18-133 _*+!+-r

at*

10-144,ull rj+-

2-156

r_!- / +d-! 6l! rJ+

-.-Js

dlYldi-)l ir\-l ir.:lJJ ii+-

(,+r,*,!)

7_156

4-156 (!;1+-.r) -rri-

a;li

6-156

8-156 (uu.+.; 1

ts-;4;,- ol-i

8-156 cjiill

.+-.rj

14-156

11-156

ot'i

i!rJl!;-j+-

-A! ;-.,!-

&irC;!ilj,is'

5-156 (4-*-r.s)

!

r!"'-j+-

20-152 dj:jrC rJl+- / rjsl-i,lJtE

6-11+-

J.'.1) rr-.r+r ;-rb.

et sj.Jt

l-j.!t

g-175

cEt:

_r-

-r-

13-133 4"ili !Jr-

aA (!$).-i-,l*

3-76

6r*

!-!l

ni)

22-127 6L-U.ill iJl+1-156 OIL- rJl]- / lr4j r eli iJlr-

36_107 Jq-F

2-70 (clJ+) 6J "-+-)24-81 (dl,i-) ,rr* g;;E # 4-+-)-

h"tilt

.91

1_150;-i+3-150 c."slj / 6J*i rJl+34-121, 1 -11 6 !iL-l rJl+-

23-161

6-71 d,r$ (Cls) *"J..i 3_1 94 4-rJ-

t

ri

crit!

19-177

14-18 cr"Jl 6rt"i

4-71

ey

156 6tirL,ir elJl+-

dr_

4_1SS

J:*-

J-t-,J.x-

84 dJc-Jlj^ll q3r-

3-156 ('l.+J{sllr i$!J.

1-197 eilrill L:Ji

29_211, 3_55 isr^i

A+IiJr

8-179 J.j-:)U i-Ui cl6lr-

20_51 irrst / ijJ_

zt--91 (dr"s)- dJJ,:-) $Jilr orr..-i

'16-226,,r..,': - ;-irL

16-201

J^ Pt:"ri

15-197 ;r;Ynl u;-r':

Lt"! 6rr*

8-231 e*19-204

,+.j,

77 +Ia- etrr l-.r_l,"

22-90 ('*u) d-J$

-r+.)rd -tsrri 17-210 o!$-

J+,iil

!.rjJt

9_210

eSF-

>._.rya

C-

7-2O4t''=>at-

15-70

a1;u

d)

3-79 J+ll

- Asl,i

siJill JL".ill

iL:Jl

1-79 (-llill

25-93 J'ill ls+i

I

O+ c.n:::i-

5-79 6t+: c.tsli'

.L'i

157 iJl+- ;'jl+-r ,lJ-i

_13u

9l*

14-78 ,;r JI as+

j.i.il

51_50

'iu

,:[-i

17-226

q-i

Ll-lJ

cl

giljll L'tfurr-

-. 1J5)

10-80

26-9f l:'/"'rtt

-$

e't-:

12-80 (cl.rir"

fLi

12-152 Jslil

6_r _F

2_33 , r<\l

('t,i

12-79 c$'

18-33

'10-33

!ti'i

40-81

\:-

4-20

14-17 [e*] A.!21-215.=,t+i.

sti

11-14'l

6-33 rr*i JFi

9_216-,-i32,jat

+Li

"J.i lr-,r+11+

Jlr11-

1-155 JL",i

23-214

1

10-204

442

2-204,J>:;'

k+jr 6fu

26-63

t+JP

j^ l't

27_212

26-212 clJt

+sI

.19_70

l$-l $l

5-166

d-y

"6J'll

24-22i'+->.:qv

20-91 (cr$y) 1

i.,iu

29_232;+J JslJI

4-204 't

.

2-6

8-232e-l;

ojlr.-

15-18 6t+Jl

4.jr,j,

225

3-90 u"jJ!.!+J7-117 i-4)':'

lr-+i OJL-

*r!)d rr$ iu-

irrliJlr (jj-jl oLiti

30_235, 11_196

30-183 O:J O_i+ rj-).1+_e 43-181 iJl+JCtr d\)l d€Y \jPi

er'Jl .sl27_51 ,d! rl ,slJ-3 iL' $" l+

7-161

e$I+-r

45-181

'1-175

l-174

}+-li

"*S

2-2221.\.)l 17-234, 1 0-14

iFri

27-235 !_rtt+ll o-Ll 6-150 1

'frl

/

ij'Li

cJl cl# lj-1,,i

2-156

20-156 !..-,re-

Lu

5-156

ij:rj, ij-r,i

1

6J,tr!

19-156 diLjn

5-33 er,,i / +Jti 21-93;-.rti 8-155, 5-l 50 3-ru

B_10.r

!t J3Jjrl.:

8-117 ciLi


I

d,Je Index

I

5

rlll

ii€E

35-1 21 r"r;: q++

i*te 17-79 (Jirrlsl) r$il| J.tc

5_119 du-!t c"Js q++

&"

3-120 c.$ c++ 2-120 6rYr q++

21-13

22_139

cr.

_i,)JJl

3-175

cr-rq

7-12O

1-178 '14 J^l4-1 85

d-lll r+':'j J-lc

1-119 oti-l a++

g_175 :r,-r .J-tc

62-169

U_j,t\. 59-169 djE rJ+ &re 50_169 i-!.t &t 114

rtr

u_r* &r"

2-179

A-t* &rc 23-167 q<tr^ J-t"

3-162

,3rt

-.Jc ilait-lt

6_rJ.

17-154

6:-

Lu-b

L)c

/ c,L)r

t-r;J]l

1B-55

l..rtrl

i,Ls."

dJ,ilt

rl

4-208 8-150

iir; j\L ilu

5-146,)3)l&Jl

dlu<- L

120.ii:-Jt+ 3-148 g-)till G-157 +;+lt .10_211

iJ*l'rll + ++-A 5-72 llFl .:rulrrsll rt'! 79 4'r!l .:,14+rjl +

O3LUI

rvL

1

.rt>;,!

L*,ill jae

l3 !-itll

Jr-

12-90 6r"!

rlu

34_183

23-235

tu..;c

4_32

i,-i"

crti

(tJ.-+

11_161

2_225 crdt :,j-.,1t .r. 214 6tnr$i,llr

6l

-!l ;-)$

4-136 4+lf_iJ ".-rr-

8-218 ir-rj i-$l.

2-206 "as';^z'l:e

rrllt

i-rrr-.

tOu-i CtL

219_219 ';-;rLlt 1g_119

2-116

7_119,

jr-!! iJjl!

i,.j". l+

ri

22-54 r\.. t- /

4-102 ir,ill ri d-rjr

i-1,.1-i

i.lJu

19-56

rJt-i

i!1l"

1-59 dlllr

J*Fl

il3u

da\

8_106 JiL

1-185 6-rJt d'l"jl al4l 18-7 ;r;il4.t

ll$ g-{tQ

oti.Yl

d:lJ.i ,.,,r-

1-55

Cr* / ,j+t 4]")Jt d+

!,p 7-156 i !J.i. ir.f 11-175 !e cJ. i,._p

10-32 (tjs' 1"

10-78 il:-),"s,j+t /

28-129 )1\-F

3-178 i;-.rr"

20-55

16-18 'cjlll

8-,1841,a.Y1 cJiil

35-34 drxlJl

'1

islr:tr-

41-168 "t+ji :-:-rt16 J.ilJl

crli q i:.-.p

6-1222r++'lcn,p 6-182, 19-17 6r.lj

cJjilt

e, cr-r

"J" g_2 ,,r...;r.il7.i;c

49-2',17,;*

1

23-13

r \j \.i i+:15 1

r'ilj ii-l'

9-13

{istc

/

1-j+$

:!i6lo

3-145 i+$ ij+[ iiElo I g_l t :;s., i'i_to

(!!f- *t-

20_83

1

el*

5-120 llJri 1-1 20

"lJL q++t

''rLl+

iJl

d,t1 21-161 4Ll51-181 28-78

")J. JlLl$

4+ir+-

i)jiilj:l+rr-

27-78 (.:."rs-Cl) cgirll jgJ a'd'!1-141

+Jts/4t}L.L:

2-52 (sil9:'ll) {-" Lll 14-13 Oli+ cJ:* +!; 20-13 *r.l+;

J-219 (c,E-r"Jill) trlJJl

ii"

30-217

L,''^

6+

6+; s+ / l*i..: 8-27 6l-r+.+F 11-32 (;):-P X-9 cFJr k+J J J^.tt aS-9 i-tSt " -r tli t-: Q-9 +l.pll cj..e;1:t: e; 5-64

10-142 41.

6.t

ZO.Juri*s+$

u+-

d_

17-SS

10-83

jS,j+t J"rS

^

3B-21 ' tr'-rl

6-238 (,Jr+t) J+ 5-118 c+$ '6_120..i;i ,,r,,-

"+lf

ssJ"l -. l+r-)

+t

!;

,j

4-128, 1'13-112 4$20-215

J,t i!1! ilrt i!ll"

e-tll

-r.li

c[_!l

,t_112,)t:_

4,!"

14-214 tyls\L

& 5_104 xt

23_194"4,i\*4_226

23-58 rj$ *rS / e,.j.r- Alrl! 9-55 rJi* / er-.tlr ! += iJ3l! 21-121 ts-dsu. 14-56

3JJF

c.)-9.,:!.

14-101 esl ilrll"

l$-$Q

Liu

3-98 -i_i10-229 (Jr+Jilt4 ie+,i a+f -i1 7-1 67 g-j;: cL- r!-

il,u

&-h d;- | \ijb

13-225

6-152,# -.rtls!-P

r.i<tt

_r_r_

-'r-*

islr -rc;-r.r-

35-235 "r.:ll d+J,.ill

:+LJr

8_224 A^Ji Ar\L

.1

33-235

5-6 i,ltt iJjll.

ij:rrJr

40-121

12_216

!-;e

rL-)r .iu

1_175:{..,rrl pLl

dL

35-217

43-183, 14-'t34

ijj_

L;-r iltLll

"iJl|r+ll

l-!l;tlLc I ar}

t-IZ JJp4.)-F 2_239

JII

32

asull er Lt"lll or;! r& 20*37 Juti !f

19-184.jJill, ;JLtlr'e4+;

LJC i-il.t

5-218

6Lr!u

6-119 .ru-)r eJrJ j+ 17-17 JrL

14-232rt4ie

i.i-) ,:uu (1:j) {.i" {-u

34-235 ,r,:l,l d+r.ill ir,:lj srrF

c.trl. (I+Jl) j+

9-232 6it': qa$Jil;r 1 3-232 ir.r ej,l r& B_115

3-206 6i+

13-78 r9r-! 'u! / r '+jt 5-78, 24-54 / ajt ")i" "

ic-!l rlv rtu

,r-,s /

10-214 otitll

3-32 (tdl* / jr+23-152 ttL -lUJt

3_ig +l-.r,-fy

1-218 ": 'ttl iil.tlt 9L218 {:" lr:)l iltul / {.,j" lJ-)l i-Esll i-il.t 7-218 ie;Ji i+Jlr- i-il.t

jUll ,)!

33-109

6i1t i-il.ttt

6;69 rJrr! / 4l.JF / +Ll

21-214"e 26-159;rlill il*

14-62

C"r

iL: diL 8-31 e.lll ,J-l-x,j-ri .!.Jit

1!154 6till ,re4s i5- -1je

25-129;-.rl+Jr ei!3n

*l+

C" 6L"lsll

2_219.r-rjt

'1-144

14-154 (olil-F)

15-154 u_.ru

l+b

7-31 JiL

4_220t:G 4-198 +.

27-159

0-110

+!l clil),3r,t ^ l-$t q-!1 ,!jri5-94 q+. bj c,urJs 6rr.:s 3-196 L"Jsll {Jl-ll 3br cirlj5_197 ..-Jtr ajti / jr$r 99-98 e+>.Jt d-

18-183 r+-ll i:li,r b1t

T-9

18-117 6u:i)l

4LE

i-j-rJ

&,$ =-.r+ll

+_x- /

44-159

G:l-

drrjdlljln dr$-

12-135

+: eu

23_134

17-196b.u

!146

15-224 &) 19-58 :"-r"Jl dbj eslj

9_1Sl .1a_f$ / a;:;* i;rlJ.

19-183 _r+lu.tt

L (t&rc

13-23 c!i1 ,jF7-132 3lr;Jl ut- t3-9r:14_23, !i: dr$s

/ '"'rr c-r-

-.1i

ij,-r

4_206

dr$-

+)+

9-225 r"-)+,j:" -

)e).$ '*

9-155 6:_x.-!"->t

37-168

1-48 d,jJ..i!l

9-135 (+ .(F)

1-152 u+r-i:)l-ll- dl.,r!

rs_

4,6"

(cr:r}) d* '*

44-181

27-37 (LtJ4-

6rii-

16-59 -'ttt 6-J" 13-62 (c,ljrtill) l+'esl J^LJI dir\t 24-$f, o)-lt 6r't -

er*

+_:i,j.V

e4Jl

11-158 irlrJl

12-117 i]t" tl.-;rt

J$-{$$ ie-rl}'! '

54_169 l-iun &tc

20-184.j!r , lLt *+iur

3-17$

$: ii-) 6jlG

5-117

dr J.

dr-ar

.ti;

7-186 cD.i I

,+lJ}t

76 -J+Jr

42-169 6r+lij &1"

Llll

3;

6srtt

114,U.i'll

/g ;lerJll p qlll ,J51 .3Jt

d_p+ll

g_177

L-219

cA4-.+

27

&f"

1-179 +-,1* >rr

/,!lil.

p:

25-2127:;;

++$

17-134 )_b

21_167

14_98

t:*

alii;l i jtc

14-1 11 prll t-: . '^

l-157 +-*ll tlu CF-77

U-9

elJl

i:+:Jl

,,lo :.iJJta

drt iJ,Jl €i

l-g

a.-U

6;

C- L)c C;

rB,.Jl l.(jts"

cf .j!is

e; 295


I tnA.* i/-res 8_146, 1_79,,,r. r_rsi 14_54;-,i" 11Jd

etc €Li3

+L-

132

26-51

39-213 56,

es

,,r*l i-:i 198 -1t"i-)t :-;l

13-83 d EJI

e-ijE

7-46 eLlll

a-i-,;

!:1,J.iJr

g;jt

10-47

4-2t8C l:!

19-106

J^

14-70

4-1 84

rJ.!i

0-1

59, 9-47

48-159 +ll

15-54 j+:ll ,r-J-..I

,JJ8

13-54.-i""_r_r_F+ O+

15-63

&,j.

_rFl

1

/..r-.rdr

9-21 6 ;:-p 3_229 &'p

20-145 lrjjylr,'^,rr 6:Ji

3-86 0u-! 1 8-89 ; x- oE-i 20-89 s--1

+i

OEU

6ll+Jl alsr

$'

-

7-1 33 (d"j'll-)

?j | )S u-L

66 1,lS

4i*lt

11-22,\-:-Jt )F

otl.;

"+-rlj.

1-108 et".ll in^i

dlJr

13-22 Dii-Yl

.r",c

/

elJ.;

16-22 s-l$ll gg_.[rJl ';-

r: / !); 29-217 \:*

12-227 !,,,;jJ1crrji c- crCl 19-215 (.+yj ati'i-) -src

942 7l;2 dlill /

tP'

7-22,t4t 9-22

iiJl

;-rG

14_190

il-li

35_81 6-rld

7-17 i+Jtic

ilsl3

rr1.

il€lr

16_190

r)! ri.ti

18-190 4l.Jij.il€t! 8-69 l+lr-ls

32-213

(J.+Jl J$) .Ldl

9_67 i.6lr

1

2-194 s!-.rtis

68 4(sri!

r")

6Jl

'+!$

6t$!

rjliJl .erill 6bii 3-190

1

3-156

z+.-106

d!

or-i

14-92 JsiJ] rl (J!! )jl"i

r.s

34-2'13"^;i'

iL:r

D_157

12_190 ekir-r L)tc

13-190..rrjL>tc

3-22

rP

1-22

r\ +'

3-74 ;eir* (_.l") .rl" 6-74 (,.:us:-; iti- / i.lc 18-146, 1-117 t:J:l ii.il--r i,le 28-235 lr-!.1Sl1 i'le

1

11-2O4"{.v

-74 li,€ -:lsfs j

jtll l_{gg g -Jl j-l; 6-20 (ll.) dl 4-37 iltit)l 'lrn

.

2-1p5.:P

elr !+.p

15-117

;iel

;s.

aJ

r-

j-

a,L

.+rl- i,le

18-74 (JL-,:-)

-:r-

+&

19-7244t '\^. i,)E 15-74 J:sqt' 4-74 (JSr,S) ltrs "1. 5-82 JiiJl Jl rr-r !r iiY;Jc

6_220.,v 3-218 G+?lll

18-211

jt).a

9-74 -.L rl :L=Ur:21

0-13

'1Lr 1-204 UJr €Lr-;

9i2g1.t_ryr

I

5-190 -'"'41 ='1-"

t*

_r-.L erh L\,.&

1

190 +_rill, .ilJjl

5-84 .:,+' 14-194 \i;4r 4i+D

'

6>'

+c

22-226 ty,r\s 26-21

13-1l5,Js:lt+

t1-115g'+leX

cei.,,;

106 dlJl

3-180 uLr

10-113 jls. a++At:yl+:)-

8-22 eP-:

-.rG

5-196 (qljt")

':t"

tf t 4'c

-:l-)c {-lQ ia-,p:Lt-)c

18-215 1

t ") t

'r

'Se15-22 _+116 +" 10-22 -r:+.r+ C6 j-C.i-.rr. +'

qiiL6ll rJrtu

2_122

grjr .r

g.

'U;

17-549u

O

"rl__s

17-22 s.Jt,r 1z$-22 JtJl +"

9-158 irr'\l -l3* ot!;

30-2'14

27-99 (i-ar''\t

2_1 86

46-181 ;- 14J+sll Jlrjll ):L e1!; -oJ1.!l

39-95 .J! s"

OJJI

d].,:i

25-90

4-158 (d,ris)

JSrJI sr

+' s

-rt++lr

B-41 6te;:1"

till

da

r_.rll""

33-107

28-51

e,.+J,rlro

dill

24-78 ''.].L

29-43

1-205

6-22tJt-l l'^:U

olr-

;i!. 12-22 alnt:*

ot-E

1_210

28-139 4+Jr ,*l+- r* 6-138 :Ft:- / C-rr.: -*l+- r25-1 39 4:) !l : i:- u"t- r-

ol:-

21-134 J-_.'Jl 22-134 4i) rj--dl

Ur

32-107'4Je

d:tsb

29-2,14

'^.

24-139.,,r>dl -.j+Jl e 4-138 -..,p,F ::

l"'-r.

5-2'15 F\^

5-177 4,A,4

2-115

296

lt:lt ,ui;

8-80.J5tjt ,]Li

(,J+:)

rD

11-105 _r'

7-80 (cl.silr) 6)ls. r

18-111

158 (,4U1.'Jl cF_x-)

24-37'er

t

u,ii6x i-trn

-Jr

ijJl J*4 (+t*..fr.) JLi

(i,l,i" "

158 *5':"ls1t 160 rr.)l

28-63 (ot,*)

6-80 ,"r 6..+; 'ri* 16-79

$c

$-{,jlpJr

3-210

28-15

Llljt

161 diJ.:ll $c

101 Lj.+)Jl jt"n

2_210

11-231

7-214 q;et

3-68 -.i" 161

5-190, 14-133 r.rl:-

6_194

25-231 :$r

^i i;t-iJl

29-121 :v.a 21

27-69

$9t* 1 t"i* 32-73 -ri: :: 3-84 (ilur"J);i :l -r:*

,+rla

4,:\:-

ar* iltd 3-101 u-\alL,;

5-88 &t*X uEu

5-224\,s

r&

49-107 115_11

B-54

4Lj

oj

16-181 ;:rt+tt t ^'

i+;lf

4-142 ciu.6 ei'ic

Jj

20-54

cLlLc

191 .illjsil i+Lc

192

ilr.d

K-219 rJ+ 't" or 4+)Jl L}; 1 3-37 Jur! Jr.;

16-113''*

* d}t' ' -' 17_239.rlJr L4

12_50

E-l62 dlJl t-p 8-192 dJdl

!. r_ri

st

16 o-l

10-1i2+::4*

Ljtl,;

ilii

4-33 r"ill

l$ t;\ 3: 1e2L

osJl

22-181

cr.

el:)-j c" cJJl 26 il.Jt

12_209Lb

;)3r / o;! _lYjr i.l-

e-jl:..Je

qJl

,

14-216 Jt-"

20-57'"ltlill itij 20-233 .-r iL,ij

13-226 6ai"!t

sl_e

dFi.ir u9

Jut)l

14-83

e*

cJ

4-ri-ir 246 1j:*tt

43-217 LCt cY;r 14-108,22-33 ttiy 22-109, 23-57 ou-i rtjJg

6L,iJ

26 .:Jl)Y ri ; r..:,e

13-184

18-18

20-61 cLr

c}Jl

4-182 dlt);Ya.t\.

13-212 -nJt cry

">Lrt':'j lJr+-i ,)! rLiri

l$

55 Pt-!

14-68

23-181

rl

i-iJ'

gHJHJ,a

5-185

/ ajrjs

:> /:l:t+ 2-22 e_r I El

8' ;

s'i'itill'i'iJn

121 1

19-214{t.F 1

i-!*-l 6'

I

i'i,;

58 elll

2143 (t).;:* 66 rjui

lr& 6*

36_180 ajJ"

18-12

7_341J\:

Jiillr l-iro

121 61+IJl i-iJe

N-,147LStlt Gl" L.d 4-69 J+

.

-llrJl

1247 (ilLll) rtsAll i.iJc

28-212 1

11

r*Y

:lJitll dErtr

i.jr,,ilr Jil,u

i+t

rryls , Je

1

19a

11

G+ri*)

,L^" Yr

195 (.lrlijr)

i++ll

Cs

^L

11-189 a.i' 195-194 eJJl

8-47 {L 8-34 cjs / a'


u^r# lndex

I

I

41-81 ',!'-

1-88i!+Jl/ie.iE 61+I"Jr irJn r..jl!

4_160 l+J)stl JJ+J! 1

54-181 ": - ;!t3 ,:liYl

j

3-239

+i-.,-Cl

61'. 35-213 ('LJl

14-204 J+'4,n 2-177

rs)

1-86.)'r'! J rI J-rd rLAi -96 4-86 6J+i,t o-]4

14_96

12-96

(f .-i;);

37_193 JI,!

"-:;;

!+j' L-l'!

19-101 (Li^-S3')

tnla

2O-1O1 ,A6-

25_91

21-91

1

(sJ,r.-!

5-90

4.i"

"t;.lt;j; r,-:g td l-,L) Jr,=e.! 9-239

3t':!

24-161

ar++-si

tlr!

*t

,jL_;tl

Urrll

6_225

4+-dt

erji

ts

32_93

I

$-lf,l

;;Sl c.i!) glii

12_179,Jt:L& 14-179 clq"+ll

c.:-

6lr

ts

37-81, 33-73

i-tt3

ar!

ij.i

i-lJl

1*55 L!+lll dsj e;Ji

LJ;.

11-99 D-155

i.l4

6LJl

193 ?+Jlr

17

i-J-" lll /

-. 1r:-!r /

dJjll

12-210

J,,ilr

\'j

crt

i.ls / r-rs

3-216 (s$->l

+.) lrS

1-194 15 6$15

146 ij-jl"ll

25-78

4-61 Ll" l!. sljl"i!

-.

t+lt

O-77 12-225 J.-)t

c,E

u!J!

1342(6)$ 24-7 36-109

--!

6a'-lt

t)t\\

C!

22-7.-ir+ -r-

$

34-109.+r:-J 20-7,_e'-'l* 11-232

t* *

35-109 J-s

+

:i-.;&

17-72 Je 147 turull a\Jl

29_161,23_19

15_210

trU

*j6

26-217

)j

22-1't3 19-133 (9t "s

9r)

:!itL

33-195

_-t

22-235 )+

4-18 (J+lll J!) ..L.d 14-67 dr",jll

4-jl-!

7-82 eLll

A-iLi

d eLll l-lE 8-197 elJ"i" i-it!

81-80 c{i.

G

itr

16-234 49-1 59

e"!

1B-177 p*--r / o$

<y-*+

7-238 (r-*S i-j.s) .!.r!rrs

O-r-P

B-95 crllr+Jl e"! 2-7i r;cr,lt,:.r rt-rt r;

*,l,"j.s

2-205

14-69.1++J

irslt

--n rr)!

19-145 -,1:+ 42-217 ,Jt

21-216U-A

7-95

ir,r j

(L*l &)

ej

c_17

G3

9-24 )tf -f I +i:* 17-11'l \)4t-eLiJr

24-$9 a-f' 12-178 +* I t"-i

15-67 (61rrrs)

J!

17_113 sl+.Ur,

*.er *+ --J

16-2'16 &-i]t

t ''<tt

119

4_212 .i.Ej 27_231

"Lr:l

r* "rl &!t

160 -j_ur alu- os 118 .ri!i:Vt e.lr" gl

!-lj

15-110 (A)

el.Js

r al.y

3_177 L-:"lr qjy

27-214r"; 6;-,1a)

lru

17-57

5-37

;AJu

?E

t-'t^" Pi

u:u{ll qil:

gJi-i

Jl

(-il;-

26-68

c-li

A-2 ").s-r )ij" ,il! 1 0-95 rric / $)l! 6-239, 38-107 t E

+$:t*- Lj

12-146

6-57 6 ,:i- ii^ii. / {tr, 22-61 6t]J"|, t' i"rii 1 ;-L j

Srtt;.t; 15 ; q:IXl / rxdr ;JiLi ilrj

18 &LJl

dJ+.+r!

34-217 )e

"$ )3Jl

1-199 {-ri!

cjs

A-4'a*l

39-168 !+t

.tnl; eri l-3 t+u e-3

34-93;lll u' lljli! 48-107 g-ru --ii 25-159

(-:rt ) it+sJ

19-98

JLi6

oF or!

9-167 (.'+-tr-) 6lJir+!s os

16-54 s+ Js 8-104 r$

i+rlll $e cji

17-179, 1 7-92 Jnc eljLii 391121 c]r-IJl irri !,:ljLi!

12-182 1

ji

gt'l'U ci].

1S-189

cJL!

5-212

i'+ji

-,;aS;r{r

6-55

iil- i+ u* illsll 3:s K_3

6-90 cJrju!

17-7

.13 tuug

24-83 db$

23-90 u,ilt -*

D-6.i!

+ G!! drljli! 10-90 e..t-i \ +r- uljrii

u"l-6

9-238 (-rQ+) -ru$

j cjrEJ.

7-55

9-179, 1-92

27-93 d..,1-Yl

!:Ll+

elnll

6-166

ri a'+

jill e'lr 4'+

18-92

Lib:,i$i

17_231

N-8 4L+'Ul.r o"Y 5-142 Al J!" i:,",-, t-rtr- ;"t+l

16-53 L;lul ,lr{lr

i;i!

28-93 (.ir.j,ll) il-{!l cr+rJ:"u!

eE

6-62 -rY6''Jiilt

.sjj

2-141

dild

1-154,

tl:!

silill

1-5 6l-Y 'lis

7-206

13-211, 1F994.i+i

6_231 t;"_f

6-214

__l!n

('.$:-iqrr* g.,;q d u !/-/f, ,e Jsll g- i-l+ 6-177, 1-98 oli

7-64 ul-f

ol-.f

aLLE

(irsi)

'il1

9-189 (:uil

215 cr-rl-dl

19-190

1+lr

-.

E!-Jt i+^;

-9sCl

34-51 *.U eY>+ rjo

1_3 "L)rJr g."

6-180'"rii

06

c.l"Yl 'u!ll

53

ist-i

26-58

sr

d,lrill

190 i.USll

1

Jjillr

53

184' 3-124 dijr

16-138'*:tl ol:Cl 138

{*lll

11-90

21-212 +r iiji 38_81 dr*ils

.,;4..;Jl i&1-{

el!

il','i

!"IJl tui

7-92 -*ii:r'+*

18-58 21-56

l-77 r ,d- c!! J) 6r+Sr J-77 61+.5. Jl .r"iJsll "r eli 5-61 , irLti\l ,il! et!

tti

36-93 6t;+lt 3tJ

(:JrFl--icLi

'18-5

ejl,

7-104 e

3-234, 20-194' 45-193 i&l-i

12-53

+'/,FI'

1_238

26-184 cDl.i- icl-i

6Ft +# ':lrll *l' ,il',ill i+ 35-93 6t-5I1 i"!

21-7 1

22-205 *sl'!

5-175 et!

dj+,u

159_158;_.,!_ I

37_180 isls

;cr-.

1-90 4+

C-77

JrclJJl6J.l!.:l-r;i: elxi rr:+ >.-A J-)a 24-89 (.Jrtr

rJili / s_.r-., Jitr

11-95 61-j

er"Si

.!+,r-+2-92 &,i u-# /,J- g-+d

A

7_69

'Jj rlle

_.rr-

;j.i

31_113

28-91 e::ll

2g-69

L-77 J-ilr (.Lj!) CL!

c'+i

ri qr-+.! ,*d rtxi ri d-r"!

20-211

glt-i

ej)il ;-l-i

14-185

45-195;-.ru.t!

i:x) r/i r! !'+.! i.\A

-ila

E-191 a.+Jr d.S

ctli

i-sJr

7-141

r)s / s$j Jl!! 27-233 C+iJ,.i uJ ..1UUr

'-+'!

-213r

dsl / ,,

25-184.:rr,cr ril€1.6

12-151,j1ni

20-93 o.tl , ;Ll (Frs oar^! 1-91 (\" 1r) ,Jilr

l$-1f,!

22-183 Jt) jl a'Lt3 37-213 (-sJll C' '') ,+'-l

i't';

7_150

1 1

13-96 rs (3!1i

c+$ /

xJl

2-l 76 +1'll

it",:l- s-:!

11-57 JYji)u

40-195 Ci

qrJilr

't

14_224 dL,t Jtr,a '10-59 (JLl !+,:!

e"a

20i205 Jt- / csti€ Jr!

2-91 gJl>

&t-L-!

Jtiill

6-32 (t-'lr'-! 1 2-138 rr,:!

7_233 c.$ Qir"!

i:"tiiJ ', rt:t1 6r.

rri!/r$!

K-77 t$t Lfr

37-121

,

,

cp.ti

(6!-r.-9rlt ) r.e.tilt

202 slJlill

7-202

(lsrlsJl-:rl)

ii".r+ll

;r.sill ijill

6-212

ts'_t_jill

r_rL.ig

6-141 -;- 6

21-724-^V (*+:S) r"li

13-152 '1.l-'s lJshill ell-!

15-78 drlrJ*::

297


I lnO"* c.*-xs 12-226 ?iJ o'$ 14-58 3r!. / iJt-r L.S

H-143

;Jt

14_228 iljl.ttt rJs

11-215 !.lS

21-231 J "nj'll trs 12-229 i,Jt xJt

22-215

195 'l44Sll

25-195 G!+s Jl,')-,, li.$ 22-68 q_#

f-ll{:t

21_237 lesi_X

20-98 rlul

r.ii.i -ill +jii

7-188

Jrlt

1S4

1

3-179

.

ii.li ii.i

ajiy

7_50

13-194 6!Jr&Y

1

3 rjsrl

rru

20-231 ' I<

rrl4l

2-59 Jiitll

1

o:lii

6-11 7

l-143

,i+ i

C-174

22-gg

o+l

44-217

;s

14-127 "'

t\<

9-62 .,,, r+rd 7-220 rlc 4-75',rr- oJlrs 4-26 ui- 16 / (r)Jl eJ) j_rlrs 45-2',t7 J\6

.il-l

2-75 c+) +:s

63-169

rljl

JL

39-195,J+-

-. r<

u

!. rs

10_75

c!il.t1

31_233 e+Sll 11-2'10

e.r

ti- )f

25-69 Lrs

.,rl_l

g;rir

.,r;.3i

q,+_S

elll

.'--S

cJ'.tl

9_69 crdJ6

22-210, 16-177

a*-

/

e":,s

40_109 cruj

e_S

9-108 $X c,t-F /,.-.+I

,."-rS

77 $++ll

ilj:,s

Jui

(lj+t)

17 i+J"iJl

'r'3lr

J."Sll

L"_.j,lt

dr,,s

}r!lL

,lg2..).sl

16_205

16-132 ',5!l u. l-Jl ' ;'i< 1-122 {iK5il c)lli ' t i<

22-131 (iiiill)

4-70 e-rl,"J 31_81

25-53

/ rs-crs

s-+ $^ Lrs 205 ofll

6-198

,JrYl

gJlill

gF-F..1Sll

*,t.-.res

(e.ui aiJ) I

t-*S

cJ

7-74 (d$i) uS

g_64:Liri i Uat

13_67 illi+tl !,+S

6_33

8-10G uLJ

11-110;

"i,-iJ

5g -. rJl-J

+,t

1

5-113 OitJl elJl r!,rs

12-61

a.i"

l+Jdt {."iSJt o.rs

43-159;19

ot"i d"S

50-181 o"l5

27-81 (a-.5)

26-99

e-il+!

4-96 ll$ 5-96 ll+ -rs 13-59

{.iS-iS

'196 1

illr

Q's

39_73

isl

31-97

i-

UJI

Ce+

isx

ii{*J 4,rJ-

iS'S

34-81

33_91 -U+t er {S< 1 5-1 06 .js

20-216 ,jl)+ll crl ulrc-ll i( p-114 i*-,1,i-J1 c.ls 21_20 1+.r / 14

cJs

31-69 cl*

!,4S

43_195.,,:rs

19-74 d$

d+S

2_238 d+J)s

-.

'+1u

-'

_D*

t< t-:<

-. ljs

clc i,lj<ll

1-1 33 ,s'-rrsr!

6!us 2-98 ork 13-105.jrs

&

15-232 .+_r* 2-117 +l:\ dJl-il--l !4is 1-10 OL:i"Yl t+'js 4.,"j iJjlr !K

1-1 36 ii- Yl dJlsjJl

15-79 6Ur$ iS,S 77

-. us

,j-r

6,

',.-<

d" e's

+"-lL -. ts trs -.

8-23 (6r" -r) ,j+'r 7-23 (4l;) e!^

12-133

32-97

il}6

13-196 ds 2.1_159 iil.ttl jr+c jLs

''\ i<

pr-l

$

rj &4s

23-113

st-

22-94 'liJl ','-<

!.S

7-70 i)S

25-7

11-165 +lJ

d

40-107

,4.'"<

iJl' LJ

,jlJ.'iJ+

l).ls

30 JutYrr Jtsll

Lijlrdl

5-232 i^" I r+t

5-59

IJJ-IS

i!^Jl

5-201 ,il+-6 18-238

,"!i

17-133

17-58 il.rDu i.jt"

K

19-50 O.!u

;'"<

2-138 ,,r"-p,jll

e!.!$ra3+l-il.r.d /S g;lerllj e_r!l

JL

2-196 i1;ir*sX

''\''"<

24-1 06 c.,s

6_108

1

ls'

l:*"

e+"!J lJ-" K

19-235 (Jrr,-,

iij'

12-128

u"ls

r,"Jjii"

i,.!i

l-slS /

JF;tt

6-136

2-201 +u+rJl !5_Crs 30-109 i-i)-dl r+ SjLs

e^ Yo

2-160

22-71 (' -^A) eL.rJqd

;j; S e'l 5-76 ,jjl- _rj:: s d 3-70 (i-it u -t) ,jul d 1-70 (-r--r-.r) 'lr,:ll bd

14_5

21-235

15-100 ou^6

4_98 .r",K

eL +;- d

9-23 iJr"

29-51 ijj,ri Liuils

rta f"-f

10-117 i:"'.E-xll

12-1OG 7:<

9-70

22-83 et"ll u*is' 23-83 ++ll +k

,--f

ist

1-80, 11-70 (o:s+)

10-23 i-lt'l cris

.jriL / +JS

2_69

25-113

6jS

6JSli

24-96 elArrls

28-217 (c+Jr) okJs

di},u+

6-106:il

70 ,=+litl.,?

.lc gS t"rk-,5

16_59

70+Fr

e-JS

21-37 jt-.)A .,', -5 8-70 (4,iJS) criFl

>.s+.s

30-237 4+<

rl14l

t+lA /

d.lll; '*

ejs

i:!U+ /

5-239

20-235

22-225*w,,-j 3-82' 6-37 c'-r'e'i

>.*+.s

9-59 (6-!-x -!-r-) q.4rli< 1 8-56 4!Ji / 4+s ic" LJ;F,/i;ti;irjis

2-66 r'l 70 (oli) (JJl eJ

6_76

J3*

irs

9-113 c,)+.+.F--S 8-55

Lr. 'll e-:,I" L i;l-.p

gjr,rt+l

drii.

diri.Llr

4-68 cs-ix

25-210 e]* e)+l 14-79

19-37 iJlrJL

dsJl j,r+"sl

196

16-196

4-59 Jij.ll 4:':Lir;JU 11-239

(+et-)

i:ri.:l6i+l

i-i*

11_69

11-7 q,'Js U:t,t djUl s-5

5-102

u\ g.)tJl ot:i)

3_1

9-156 obUls

je5stt

196 (-.3."t tt)

17-183

:.1r / -)r+ij,rtS 1

23-106 (j.ls

16_24 r6ri (6)clrrS

22_56 4+-* I

9-179 ','<rtt c'trt'l

46_193

#

cjr+^+r

12-231 ?stJt

6-238 (i+rs) trt"s 8-238 (e1+tr:s) -x+1 oi-x

25-217

24-71

64_1 69 :;rj . / Ljls

LtJl .':rjur $ Lrx

dl13y 13Y

;-S

18-231

aJs

6-100

5_229.._y 26-129 eJti

'l-133iisj' rLr /',ils 12-141 i-sJl ',ils

i*q / !K

43-107

1 6-156 ij-L,ilr i+ls 10-161 +-r$lt a*-ls

;;

,rilt

-1"") rJ-i...lst

1-138 (dAr'ilr

1 5-229 ct"ll rJs 15-228 (o-) uJ.:Jl rJs

6-188, 17-127 llAi lls

d-y

3_102

!!-rvt

l-11 *IS

Y

N_116 e*ijjll eiLi,+ Y 1 3-136 Jer.rll 4ijJ / LjsY

11-229 (J-I+CI)

1_190 i_ls

-. _F Y

F-143 '!JiX dl,.! elir Y E-11 2 ilji5 d,)i ,.1i-rs ,i ;_)ra- rr6j v

,,'\<

"r<

(:.iJ!l Cl_r.J. )l 6j.,n ) o-112 olli djlsji. c aljUn Y G_114 iArj y

F-112 arl.es c,trj_F

"'R

/ rlul

18-23 s-L -,;;; ','r< 17-23 e.L^ '

J. Fli )

in}

G-143 l-rtr-

qDt.1J-t

,,,1 ^i

,1r*-r!t .rFt'tt

,

,

5-ZO+ **:s

Ls

12-110 29_7.4r...r

lg-l

cJJJl"t

38-183 Jt J"

ul_.,:S

elJS

d) i-lJs

42-193,12-59irs 5-231 a+lCl trs 4_231, 8_229 ilJt iJS 1

4-229 rJiLtlr 3-231

irsl

6JiLtlr

rrs


u,J€r lndex

I

1

/!.ll l+* q+ji}+*

1-225

9-27 Ju+!t / e_r:-tl

eLJl

7-1927:"Jt

6-204, 36-193 43-193

34-107

e

j*

19-127 121

1Fl'l5Pri-^ I 14-205ii!i-:."eFi-r r 194

'

15;5 '.'J lF J+ii-

gji" 13-100 4.,+! / od_.l! ;':

177

i-il-,);j clc i'Lil-Jl 5-140 alll*ll l.s-ll

er*

36-168.'"t--

2S_Sl irJlrA!

(t.,^)

uur

20-78

22-19 t-F+

g-rcrl3o / s.IJl J' -'ll i-i-

2443 6-t1B-158 -1e-Y / el-.;*

21_79

s

16-158 (oL"s-) 188 elJJl

6_196,,,!.

\i:'"

Jl

rl3*3

8-196,J,r*,rlyl d_r-

^i;i^

2-214

'"r

9-196

p:-,,

g. *+

d-r*

rj:u 1

1-151 c!r!i

rF il.-

el"*

/ sin Ju"!

il"*

j:u ijiu 5_53

121 U)t-.J'lJ &.je

2-229,20-5,+l:v

20-'131 r+-Jrsl

a,<Jl ij{+i J*

3-5 oF-.ru g-126 u-.ru

10-130

.+\i J*

11_,139

f,-l$$ lrlol u-.p

{-lgg

i;el-:

J-

u.p

5-188 i+ii eJ& / e*> u__r! B-188

-jsJlu-s

8-216

i.$l

,l:<_r

3!r

/,.lJl o+rJl

40_159

aj.\

35-95 iYr: 8-1 76 ' ,' 1-!l 6.:J ;tri / i-:u g-gQ e; &/ J.au

8-72 9-132 cir.t*

1v Ja&

11-185.LJ"1l iJLe,2u 8-1 82

1-52 i: "-:

,,n< .

-ru

1

5-141

d. s-! / r+i. g);i gztri.

J*

J* (;* c'u-,r'lt 'a'<t 17-12$ rr& & 13-131 .t"'!!l

10-223 ua)t \u 4-84 j- I e,k 6lL

1-130.,+-:'J9-130 (;ljlx) cilJlls rl.5-184 !1$ ',+!l

20-178

8-68

(!l!"j

(cr.l.:i r,:-l

Or.rt)

14-199

/.j+.r.:l:^

O.iJ.

16

grilt

13-209 "\-

1 0-57 rjr eu 9-57 oat eL

26 -r)-r: i-iL

28-58 rl-ijl riL

2!226 sl ,i.! irjl" 27-21

5-205 rjaJl

23-139

lYC

d,l! /

71 iJ+-i

e-Jir

r-l+Jl

5-138.-l.ilr u,tj.tt

7

3-138 +lCl 4+ J+Jl dS.*

!r+

drYrSL

9-146 xrl" .:YrsL 23-183

dllrn* ,r"-rijs. L 27-109

26-109

r-\-

+; "r

21-177 4s,u dlyrsijl

eJJ+ll

72

J-

iir"tt,*t -

o"-)U

i*r"

73 i+i:.:Y3SL

4\-

iLlJl

s+r.,15!l

,1\i1

rrt"

15-158 rrHl Err*1" 14-237 (!++tJ) e-rL

6F F.ir+.

5-133 ..pl>. !l

|

20_.183

13-50 iii+38-213

i,l

12-197 s^+- -t-:^ 14-197 J"y 1 5-1 33 .-ilr"

12-145\.V

iritJl 'lrdl+

J*llr

7-68 (Ji*i urC) .rC 6-68 (o3; *r5; i+tt o3c 8-92 (+x -i cJ- -. J):ji

iiu.

18-108, 23-33 (.lt:&-)

3-185

.5-iJJ

L-iri.,3

23-211 4$

9-176 .+r,ii

g$+ll

dD.Jl

20-18

8-178':tr i-i:>

J.-

a@

12-119

iaJ

$"l".-sS -r'i:^ 32*193 cJL

1

27-139

b!

A- ai

21-%3

12-108 -.lu,'.::-

20-129 _.:+!l_.r-J* B_126 -:E)r C J5j

dill--9l

*1"

diiJ\

6-C

14-196 e$i. 14-7 diljr,'ii"

B-180

7_131 .srlsJt

€J

+i

9-56

23-231

2243:a

e-ScpiJ*

C.c

!-riJifl 6i

oJjl (;)t-3l 46_1 07

".$* orsl-

6-54 (j-t)

Fr

(6F4JI4

C-1rl

j

27-54 e i3 a^rl 12-158 irl+Jl eiJ i-j

.t-r_

3_96

2-32

s+i:

q,.. l-.

5-14 e:juJl

1042 G)j;.t;^

73-72 iiiJl

5-130 .:J

d"1i.

12-136 iJjrJl

33-193

B-32

7-4 i+Jl

13-55 Jiilillr eIJl uJi 3g_193 ii-) (JtJs}

7:tr',

12-192 >;L, 18-37 Jiti!)l tu ji3.

J--

2-130 c.ly-r- cJ.J jil .:Julrrsll irLrji. -l-. 6-1 30

ij'L.:,. / 4+iJl

17-121

c,trrYt

a)-. /

Y

16_179 i$1j sr

-J JJE#L:3.

5-32 &lrt (6F!r$

^!l

i-r I x i-l

/ (r)rli-:.

99;_i.!i / iri.-

19-181

140:r' till Jc Jr-.ll .:,!'Iti.

J* e J* 4-130 '.is a'r J19-131 ,Jjldl d"i\c|i& 100 -. Slt drr*i d1g_122 !_rsrl,.;1rs J$ c,_r__rs

rriij.

t*

J! J*

16-'131

7-130

24_19

(t-.

djst cJ

2B_107

29-161 o+r- -"; ; ! 16-225 r .-<llr erj.)r ,.JSJI s+jA:t

2843v':-lA';^

1r\-rt

21_127:!,:s- drlrrj 4-148 ;rlrJl 6lrJi

d:$

dl;""J c,tjri gJ-.

$u)t

20-127

5 eJill a,6lirl eJs

8-101

2g rllillr

ef i :Is

152 Ju!

",+"

t$ i-it

L)rl il! 5-196 rll clll

6-164

r*r,e :.> r+* /.*i 10-238 (rr,r+rJ) rsFl 24_35 iIuil' il 3rF

152 s.in Ju! i.L13_94 eI!*

51 ei,il cJir

2-188

35-168

19-125 +"r+ i-L.18-205

lJill

9-223::;ilt t-r 27-121 tptisJsdr<=il1

gr s! gr eFJt d * 7-124 ds".rjr\'l iL-

,":s..; drt34-168 rJji";ru

(JiilI

rr_.ril1

&

1142

j

15-141 ar.,+ / (tl'

50

rt

6-197'-^r cl-p-

g"]lr

1-164

g-124

"*

Ji!.

28_180

2_124\riS"! d-ti (+.

zt-197.5rij)l

g_159

c.t+--r+.

2743\26-43 jj.-

L,. rt dii. iiir('.'J&) LA

6-124 4tJ-l,ll

10-196

2_78\a+

6Ae I

c}l:Idr-ii;il 2 'l-1ll: otilll

q."+ dJL-

'.*

1842

20-96 6ii" 7 r^u' 15-192 (5il+llr'

qJ

ea!-j3 q!ru^ ajJ

j,,.r* _*u

23-7 crL-_)\ exll ilJ{^ l!_lQg yrl;i ry

o't--

4-141 3ur

17_S0.F 26-53 i G3:

16-69 d,il

7-228 dJ" L rjJl+. 26-193 iJ:" 1+J4S r)ri rlJs

148 e"bJl

40-1931:,r*

4-186 .".r.,J,_i..Lt

l-{{

4-r-ll

11-74 (ii-il-i!) ril

22-233

23-79

|

't7-55

t)^

29-21 )\1 I

elll d'tJ

13-189

ll-l{

i+r-.

6-142 1c3j- crlJs"

l"

1

21_69 Jir. L" g-109 !"-^ltl i,,iY i1j

,9e: tt-

1-166

18-199

10-141

j-

71

'14-7'l

i':'s"

6+1.$

76 ' 0-1 alL 2-220 , j!^t ri $-,r.ll Jr"L

(+_f-:$+) -x+

r,6Jr

195 P-;rl'lt '.ai'

11-135 13-178

1

iij" llJ+S

ii\ ii).

a!s-

r"

{is. t"

13-98

4!r:

i!s- t"

1-1 80 .J'jjl!

;Jij-

ijs"

t'

299


I

I lndex i.p-.res a

199 ari{Ju

dllsll,aj

4-222 (!+,all r-Sl +c) c+l4t

l* 22-78 (J'IJ-J) 3u* 17-78 3ri*

9-184,21-131,9-50

1

0-62 ell'-l

,J^tc /

Cl'-X 11-62 Lljlj Cl-..l 2-175 7*

i+l:!::

5-176

39-109

ri* 3-126 €^

30_167

O"i;l

5-236

u{)- c*

o-+-t^

2-23'l 21-5

'

19-54

Pza

J1+Jl / g_rCl

JLa

l-219

:\lr

-ru

A;l

','L,

q*

22-161

'.'l

/ $jl3l

1_115 r,LJ

djrilr t+Jl

54

1

8-129 nr$i-.

i'L

qi

1o-1ol t*>;t

20-43

it

Jl

e,rtsl-

!

€^

c!-r: el+&

4-229 €t'1^ 15-91 i.i-

a#ai-k^

:*,; a-l-j!" 6-101 r+-JlrF 14-125,83-82 r'L 1

0-128

dJ!+r

4.+_)-

r'.L

4-175

ijit'

+tjll il.L 32 r+Jl

14-225

B-165,

6-5.jJi.

G"+illi

cJ' .j-i,1"

11-79

ar- | $)V 73

1

-!j_re

4_196.+js!l 1-220 ?tu^ 16-5

31-7

25-43

/ JU]+ -. l*

218 &]l.I

Jll* 17-2Zg e)\* 25-58 (;-)J+!l) c!*

f* gjL'

15-56

e;Ji c1+*

s:x+v

13-53 (ijrlrill) ir-Flt 14-156

:1^

14-146 aru+ C1+*

e+-

7-158

29_i09 i$t-

oj*

dllb 183 LngJl dilb

'179

L)LJI

23,1

i*1,.)

otu

zet^ crtv

c!* 6!* grui 6!*

al.-J,ilt

,a_159.jtr E!*

23_109 Uri_j O:+_

12_177

+

d.-

5-13 Ji30-7 e+

16-127

1

172

i->

C!* iis .eI 6-115 e* 19-194 .';* -.,1'7-57 "e\ l61JJl Grs

10-239

cr. C,.-:

2-,128 dl+ q+Lit /

22-96 i:rL

3-1 33

stut* ,:rL ut*

1

8-201

rre

19-63

(d!l3:]l)

12-111

r!-

26-121 \-*J-t 30-78

10-135 131-130

u3

7-1 75

1 ;*

13-56 ;i-iu /

$-!*.

, 5-126r+ 57-181-JbJlrji/€1^.

ll*l$Q qri:6*l.* 7-'l0'l cl+-ll Lj-r* 13-'i-42

o"u

Ji 9+-r 5-r

5r"

o:-

_f:^

24-184 (,.*-ru+) j!^+ -S-x 30-129 dluli -i,"loJ 5J 24-127 c't

';9 Jr^

9-172:-;l:^.f>"

w.LJl

9-199,;'.<r.,183 !-iisJl 6t" '$-

.;sJ"

(,J-F) s-.,t+,

7-126

1g-154, 9-125 ci.j,r* 29-193 J:Li*

!-{$$

iill

208 "-;rL\l 5-r"

25-109FllcJJ

'

OJ+JI 61-iJ

12-73

cE^ / e+*

":.r* 20-177 uL- t"r 121_120 J.irrl

"5:-7u2" !-xrl!l !l-iJ

dlii/

ilL*

)-.li-

'tjC c,t-r (4-#) et-l-r

7-178 (u-:) 3tr-r 12-175

.'dJl asL-

6-50 JsL /

d-J.

ijl! cr_x

12-113 24-158

24-23+*i.ll* 22-184,22-51

qj"tt cr.;

11_119

g-52.i),tlt dsl*

*1 92 4!")s

6_;"

/ rJL'-r

'11-111 ..lill

b\jt+,tr&L*

11

dii.iirr

gF1-!l

*,'t-

40-168

rEL1 3-185 JrLnl 6E\* 32-167 !lJ- 4+* i.-leJ rul**

il*- itL-

dptl+,i

21_181,22_53 ^:3_y 21-205 v.y

3-166 iJJl{

23_23

ot:-x

*,s

5-220 (4+l+!l ,,- nt) ot+!t 20-72 (ex+ ir-) ir*j'_l"

uL*

!;!-.rilL

rE:p

20-2A4

)n*Zlx EL*

22-167

i;s"

20-58 +t> / rJ-r. 17-201 tu"-i-ll dlt i:JFll

"tJl

cJrl:ll

c.t +-x

e: 7*\t ,szl-

23-20 3.+Yl

slst;Jl

2-119 OLi'l ',liL 12-120

er-F

22-177 -at.:^ 22-20

e->"

o-

13-197

$-$;AL:ll ,

rF

30-193

4j|!"

$-i+ll JtJl

47-168

Fl

11-31

4+J"

3-208 -rL." 12-83 (drlJ+ll)

;llJr

5-48.!il r \ t J \ f ur+ drl .jJl g:! er / &l,x

rj-Jj*

9-18

g|y

52-169 :eir6

5-61 (s+rrs-) i+tLL i-l':*

r+ cii* 742(tur'r^

21-54ttr*

All,-

5-182

a+jjl tiJ.

a+iHl

44-107 t:t-t^

!3ji. &j* !+i: il:,t*

32-139

riy

4J.ll r'iJi

11-224

rs,t+iA.;*, ;+Li df, LL3JI

11-197

1442a,a"\elG,\4

rt- : > s -S:^) Jl,-

'l{-lll

192

12-68

jtl jj

10_175 6rIHl ,r.,:-J

&-)l Jii,i.

,+-64 (,Jl+ 9r) eul

9-13;_ r-/(J".*

/ (,t

I

11-52

":, ^/iJ:rr1 3-1 92 ihL. 2-146 !)tl 6_.rLi eilL14-115 elr-'

_F.i iii*

13-108,21-33!-i. 5-l 08 nrr-)l e-ru !-,ir

34_195

iJl-lr ;\J

+.r)3^

34-73 lirF / a?.)lt J+r-,,.i.

27_129 G',>asL^ 21-1 79 &rF

3B-168 31-167

5-205 ceJi'iJl

-J."

2_139

Jl

6u.i.

35-159

6!i 4j*

Jlll

6-58

34-99 (!+,il-x) .:l++ d-r"

1

31-183

1_180a.!A 23_178 e+,ty I

41-159 r"+:Il

2_159

'at t '

r5

gg i-'r:"]-ll lj-JJl

42-109 6!sJl r,!-x 5_109 dll isjtJ Jirj4

,:!-i.

F3+-

Jtrti / dAll

$>s

J<r,i.

20-108

.)r e-il Js. / a,iL

13*218

,j3

rjl

21-194

15-83, 5-46 a+^ 185

7-224

25-96 (!:-13 rJt$i ,i) ,r"-r

63-62 k-)u-)r Ljjnlr Jsr,i. 97 dJr-llJL i-li JSti.

3-28 o&.U161-160, 10-151

.u-)l JsLi.

119

ijLti'i-u,a/' ;r':' 2-g2ti+^

12-161

18-57 it_x

l-l

+l_,r-r

10-52 US i--.r-r" 10-231 c+ll,ri L..r d_F 9-231 +t+ d-,"

Lt-1^

3j+- u$t,J3 +_,rit C" iSJLi'Jl

24-205'.tjt D-l60 dr.tl ila Ji. J.

9-524-,tt"

Jt*

14_129

eri 4!jF

(,t^aj)ttt.;^ 4-53

6:* 5-30 :"*- / +4 60-1 69 alolt" t+ / stCt, ;l*

14-231 Js*+ '+t

Jti!\

13-177 7>t | 71t-;

5_1 54 ;l',13rll

i; u.ll rLa

28-113

L"l++ /

24-226

+rL Jt*

35-180

:s^

1-2OG

c!.i! dill

'r'4j.1'! 'J-J* 34-180 -,rr '"'

38-1 80 6$Jl

c.r..

175

l/-gl

544:s-t* 13_17 r-ll* (.lr'+': !:'j*') ; rs-; 26-113 iY)l & 23-233 {s1+- !:)*

*+l-.1V1 ,.;-!Ji

98

.r-l*

23-127 4l* 8-223 n:-_r*

3243

ct!'; I ,-*>"

24-113 1

1-11 7

10-225

$l;pll

u"Jl iJ1

rt;

g-

*y .e-1.

.9t3

.r..;"

19-55

s:_x

4-205

ell

18-121,6-118 o-;-r

1242 (r)o+-t^ 11-92 a\-r 30-93 !-r a!,r


lndex

u,-!€r

I

I

2F61 sri.L 3-54

6-r-i

-:Jl

/ u'suJl

+^

24-58 72 it",i!t

rt :i.

72 iJt!'

-ittr"

gl ,l .t\liJLtrua)L "i^-'ll ,ro o+)ll dJl o+)L: !*_:ll: !-jll Jdn d,'$l 1-f 01 (4rlr) ,};Jl .-,+)L

73 eill.:ri+i!" 2-84

g+ rtd

ie

rJy

26-180

2-102

i!-jt"

21-18 Julll ' |

al*i*

^rto

:r

Ljl" / 4$ 11-61

ij- \4xsll

":'rt"

46 53

olie

4$' JjrJl ,Jji'

r

9-180 g-rlr

1l;"

5-180 Orl-10-180 dll.:i.j.

Jtii. Jtii.

+jll +!L (Y:"i) i-.:l'> rrlL

4-6

32-'15 iJ+Jli 4-lls.

4 r J ^r

i,",sll

LiS

$)^

ilJl

;rS

LrL

!:jFJl -'Js ' '-r 5-554'* ,

!J}i ii'L sJl (iid-) 7-75 rF iu:nL 19-78:L * iil' 44-183

-,113:

d*A i--i.

44-195

iln ;-'-r'

5-'l82 JLn-)l

8-61

tl r-j*Jl i-iL-

rr* 6-72 t 8-53 elJ+ll r-

14-113

"lrC;i'

3-214 1

)w,

171 !-iis. sr J.'X crlJq171 :,"jrirr$/:,i1. la .'!lJl-e

14-4 r)+Jl

OlS.

5-128, 1B-50;-)!Jl

12-184 c!+Jl_, Jtiii!-)l !-ii<. ' 1 35-1 34 ir-rll ' "'<

51 ;s-i:lt ''r<

11-125

+:

14-131 -p- ill5y / 6!- eis. 15-125, r7-5 i5s. I 33 i,]s-il 36-73 el

'uill 1

09

**

14-73 Lrlsi

6!s'

/..de,

"t:Cl.;5. 4 t-,;L.j-t ,J. 't

3-58

12_59 el-U

i"). ;o>t

Jl.^4r

+-

89 e:1,"j1 crl4..;l.ill dN)91 p3.ll aa\j iaBlrll gr)Jl

11_13

;ul Jl *ltL'j)r t i2-'1541,!,i orrn / JFil t-rL 1_154 j FJl, t ,J& 16-185 i-Jj iir* 1

15_37 , irLlr\ glrLj-

-"*

.j,iJi

/ r"r;* u"-F. 30-180.n1-;. dL clL 31-,180 ,Jljjl ',rr. -.;l;

/g

a9.1*-rll

"*>r'tr 88 J^Jr cr$-

90:r. ,!l u!)[Jl 91 .Cl ds)-

qJ:ljJl ;ar\L

/g:-il;Il 97-96

rlll ;rt&

6l-.Jll ijrti"

6-96 C++ll slj

qYtL

6-201 aj +t 61-!Ull

3-201

(g.1l-.;+lt)

e1!l ':t'lu' 4-190 $L 6-192 eliJl

5-186

cJ'rtL

17 ds*tiJl

15-127 i)p^

,jlrs^

86 {,FrCl gjN)ul

8-154

12-55 ilLHr .i-)L 11-59

+&

39-159

(+t'-;;L;-

21-90 (-AJl o.6rr dl*)

'

19-205

r1\l CEL

*.-.ul cEL

22-158 \.t.-u;^ 48-181 !,.!l1 .)..13.l+r 6Ei.

"&

17-108 Frlrs^ 21-98 rJ$ / d_6.

11-113

47-181

il.j<j

3B-193

16-120

6-141

.r!j'll r '"s'

52_181

*ll clji.

27-58 '

c.K"

2-1 33 Jrlii !-ns"

cri"

30-51 7-14 srtJl 'uL clji^

2-5 rflJ)l Lns.

cn.r 44-168,8-118 L:-r 9-120 blr- i;Js 10-120 i.-:r. i;js 11-120 i.-iri eJ1- i;-,e 1B-100 (i!rrrt1 eli ilri) irJJl 6j6-61 a+s$-l L* 29-78 ejiLJl 4+Yl .ls*

3-224

6-155

6-128 esllJli-.jyiiJ ;p!- 3utl c--i. 6tS^ 183-182, 9-182, 3-164, 7-6 c.rs.

13-101 6tF

5_129 il_iJl

"' -Hl;8-2'10 rlr!*

36-195

el.j!3J uls-

lj-tJr Js

13-199 -l..k170 a+> sl_rq-

1-128 Ll"e a!"ii ;t'^ 4o-183

19-59 6!,s10-61 lifrJ4s i-"<-

1

9-225 !u!)'l c!- / !ii^

d.\li.! i{JlJl dllJtdl

7_79

4JS.

rs

2-53 s'"*il ,Jirll ->-

21-96 !ii. 23_96 Jil.

174 1r'^r'''tl

ilS-

o1S.

16-42

4*

-

164 JiJl

1

6!"JLj

4JnU

1-146 a +: os"

Cill) 61=-

19-7

11-130

1542 (6)€jij"

&1jYr

2-166 LF21-7 (rt-Jl

U-154 ,.jc fiJ'i" .4-160 uirliir jJs iil..i. 't

riJI /

.1

21-178,Jy

enJl.iil ebl+JJl srrcl arls.

jil^ sil1p

dL 642 tb+"lt)-

16-182 rLLij)l iil..:-

+Ji3lj. 11-179 jrr rrl'j 21-23 et p' 22-23 *=* l-$l dJ,ilr J.i:n 14-61 3Hj '-ib' 1B-6f i-L' rut 11-108 -31 .ij. 7-196 (qi q}l rc rir.) dll ,J-Ldl Jiull lii^ 42_159 iiu iii.

arJ"

23-78tttJ^ 4-199 clL

iil.i-

2-136 OLi.Yl :-ili" 9-161 3jl-tll

L\:;)^

4-117

5_206^.-)^

1

't6-73

c!

':L

7-90 ui-Jt ,j:-.i_re

4-133 arrt,:'.rj".:!q

3-175

ol-!lJ-

iI* i-j!/ LL 8-5

LJs.

:1" Jl

31_15 :rr-

20-14 diJii)l

{i,l.

32-83

33-11 3 ;i,:n

1

35_15

31-83 ,,.l.i ii.L

J*Jl 15 et"j-x:{iii"

2-240 4++Jli

11-118

d,$-

72

29-159

6-75 eIJl 9" gli i;*L

4-180 9-* -ltii' 16-57

:LiJ

g_79:e+i:

9-101

19-113,j)l,-

31-'159 +i+lt

LL

1-224 7-229 6-224 (Lr-)

.r!L

Lit

e,lill

4-126 c'\:l:-

13-172,J;t

30-159 siljall cr"lrl

16-92

10-55

7-155 cr,!u

tr-rcrj cr-r 11-78 ?r3 r)* 18-90 ,r'(-A!) '-r'u2-90 (s+ir) 3!]+ / ("+-rs) ':L26-81 ("i--.l+-l) i!:tr i'+-., l3i-

11-126 s4-

3-50 c,'L

e,l-j! glrY g*i1 gl1ri" 26-83 rr6t ! dilc +$.

r&

4-228LA>^ 13-52

.>* L)i !ir&

7-222 At"Ut,!-!l

,122i--At ee)e

11-'176 (d,l r+.ill)

_iu t-).

.,i\l

zv .pr-

41-107

,eLll J61- &i.

30-107 dlrJi / r&!. 31-109 Jlui LE"

ePt)-

i:yS. *iu

4-179

&i"

2B-161 '+ll er6*

93-92 (lhJl ol5-.r+)l^ o_175

30-43 dA$' 20-167

27-161

88

89-88

u$ r;

dl: (sr) 'Jrt oL

6-23

d+). 91 J--$:,Llr e+)-

-l'Lull

(o+t5)

54-159

91 &-,bll XJ rJLlr

6tt!{

2-162:J)ll

5-23

3-91 l.lJJ,ta,lihr.j+N

'!rli'

19 ,",rrj:It

30-139

6_1 46 4:iri! 4!i5 e!q)-

ibrLi"

-L -bi"

3-14 J 'rill / .-!i\-*lr 24-194

eF

Je&j

22-194 c#i d+,j dr.,i.

23-94 'llJl (ps 6+-l)

e5u

16-61 i,"is- /

i.ii.

6-190 L$ 21_225 !tn)l aq- rL 42-181

.4\i r !&

16-100, 20-33

-F^

7-1822;y^ 20-193.tr o^ +i" 51-159 r'L'l !L 53-1 59

,iit!

;!"1

r&


Itna"* c.r,ies 7_231

.j$

3-240

4+$

2-17'1 26 U; ..r! 3r _i.; 35-193 :rl!' e i 9_75.+-ll .j..i.6 i ,

eilFU 6/irlrA

27-180 \i;;1"4,-3

K-160 cj_,--rlb+A 2-1 99 xr:A

1

1-231

9_215 ^E

1.,_e

9-205 'cJl J_ri r- / ,J)a dljA

12-223

eqrg

M-147 el;.l.ii!l

3-42 oL-.i 21-94 "riJr Jn 8-132 i,ttl "!.:i / L,j"itij dijij 1 2-218 rli

JljA

,140 6l++t!l

1_17

1

0-18 4ijr qi,,!r

12-18 1

15-23 (r+.u:^ ot-'!i) orll

&tsrit;

8-214 ',''"r\l

-rri:

i\lll

1

r\lJl

-$ gl, dJl JE

L$.

2-176 +ill 11-128 c,lj+-J

i-J!t

5-62 9-224

"6J

G-8

blF 6JJlj

ilS-r," s.riiu

47_159 u.r-.r:tt

li

{s5

t9"

210, 5-208

il"ir

26 r:i.ill

B_205 o_+

6\ljl

7-111 !-!s Jli / dlsi

3-18

8-18 &1$

r-,3cJ

18-204

cs:l:

lra

.lltJ

17-204

28-72',J+^ cLic io.. 3 ,_119 4u_i

16-89

O.*".t+

17-20

(33+-Yl i,"t*

iltc)

35-21 ;lil1 rir.il /

16-4

6-211 6_;.: 2B-7 4r-rJl dJr

12-232,\,il!

1

bj

c3_r_r

8-59 l.ir,

c!_r_r

O

(e-r- Or+) ir+!l+ 27-15

8-14

,;i

/.-iila / LiilA

20-146

L+ll JlJr)l j. rrr*

a,".:

j. r)r*

a-"i

iJrdl J-iU-

19-146 o!':rYl q'rFu+r

Or,i$ / LiilA

4-101 r"r+)1"#B 1-102 agal ir-in

(r)icrLr

1

7-190 LL;

'

i /.il-r iilr.

0-165 .+l.r-!l

eilr.

+r iil_r

,J-lr+

iil.r v: r+r.

1-118,4-22 5_80.r-)'J+j)

18-54 r!y^

.*.r

$ ts

2-126 c't"'t\

4n

.1

.r-Jt !1,,,..,,!t

g-ei$ / ei:ta

8-42

49_169

3-30 'r,,r

gA

ri-l*

13-5

10-184 dr-r 17

ru-'

'

d\. 1*1 84 ,jss .il,r iJili

53-169 61-++..jb14-175 O-.ill ir dj3* ci.Lj-

-r.'

24-15 ssL) -rl

1

cl-1u5

d+s,"j

14-182 Jil.fi-Yl

A|

25-211 4tl+t 't7-110 !-!i!r .l !+ji

aJieb

7-161

!:Ls!l

9-32 (tei5r 7-119

J|.ri

c-i:t<lt

1

3-136 llYl

51-169, 5;164 Ji"ir-r

14-210,J!r

.i:!lt /

gr,i"jl:

J*

glt

23-'t29,25-15

23-72p5jll' lLrdJr 24-72 *s'':-N ' t ur 6r, 1J_146, 19_57 .+tly

5-14

e+,

Jt'iit 'u"

"4.j

25_214

32-195 or>.r+

gt';.3

2-118

16-212 r+r a+

12-37 Ju.L)l ilri 11-201 $)txl Jilj

Jc ;rJr

-i4

\:

14-120 t'lt-ityt ' 'u-,' 10-182 cluul dLn qilJ4

uJJJl e! Cl+jll 13-205

7-194iti

1742 t+s 15-211 t::s 7-24

10

i.,iill

14-166,12-62

3-204, 10-155 -le

6:_r

29-195,

/ il++ /

3-10

ar*-Yl ei4r

44-193 s. -r 106 4+!t

a+SU ,eS*-:"

l+j ::tu | u-:^ 1-216

31-139 6uj,ijYl Cjljj 1-229 slJul i.jii

22-99 (orA) JJ'-ixl elr4j 22-63 (F+i ,J"r) 'u:irl"r

'16-179 oliYl i'jllr

q,-.

2-182, 9-165.-il,r

.

A 40-217 *r)l ) 23-63 (J"i) il.i

13-231 Js-,ll il-a! di",!lr

35-195

4-2',11

37_217

K_12,9t:

i-!lr Lil- jr-r.

32-237

5-211

;uta

26drEi-o/JiSj

7-108,.,:*dl i;l,-t*,jl_r

23-237 ( Jy-j si .:lrr;

;-" r"

4+-,+-r

1-84

':ta d.ul-.'i

152 ilJl Jiill

1,1-d

7-1 90

22-237 (jJllt) i,.rsl

&l-i

ojl!

12_99

4-56

c,+-_r^

31-237.+'!t *i:--r

isJ- Jilj

159 $S$-riri 159 9e

il.lr

43-168 s+-.r' 238, 16-189, 3-64

c!L:

9-18 {"+r "i. i-," ir r\ljl +!'l!r rr_r+_.rlr i-,".ir 6sljl

1

): tb ): 31-68 (i+) e-L -r" j-r 30-68 (*r*) e-b ir 2B_109 ei)- ur 2_$B

32-68

lrull

".s-

+riil

s'11t4

17-225 ^+: 17-145 $.Ur*J / i!! !>.1 4+.r 13-13;-.rl. 4+-r

,;"i:;st:

aj I a3i L-}d- a3i! 27-211 4l>. 4+

21-193

7-{8 djtil r.-ir 6sljll

15-177

Jull Jl 6)-lr. 12-126 (,F* r-ir.tr) cJ+-r 152

gL:

,jl-1.1i

i-i. rl.r ir+:r*l:Jl

7_179

16-63

7-136, 17-56,11-47 +ll3!i / r$u

1-162 i+l$l il.i'i

11-18'; ^dll;sl:ll 11-18 iii6r Orixr

1_199

14-178il)\c )lr^

ilj.:

!-.tjrj 13-127 gti:-.,))l i,l- tc L"Lir / !l.- isli 4-5 i-.;:ll _.;r / i*-.,pJl ..;4L:

.,--r {6

17_146'a)er

6+-ll-e;sl-ell

*aL /

17-199

t_191 ,-Sr/e$

0_18 ,,Jrlt: ;stylt

9-18

"s liill

33-121

.13-1&3 sl_eJl

dr-.Jir

/

6-218 JrJlll

slrl

'l$ uj2iJl3

;it

.itJlsii elii

G-1gl

(i.-61-1)

9-194

eF ulsJl ,

"-r.l

ur*l.t

11-194

i..i.1-..;5 / iJrU

11-226

Oi- et!:

4-76.i!,r

orit- 4$ u9 ',rr

8_141

rj:tt

crr:e,.

elr^-r+. tull6-

5-166 !_,rL*

r.r.:--r+ / cjrl:

56_169

dl-

Z-158

13-229 +Hr ,;rA ,120 (j'4J.:ll + 26-237

8-82

13-182 ,*rr+l: / G-la .JiF t

(+.r1.) sr+$

7-79 jr,:nu

B-185, 9-83

Jtl

25-167 18-167

48-217 +i)

pll;:

CJx

eiidl 9-14,J!+i i,rt-* -r-JI_,

i.iulll

&;l

13-223 s+J ol+Jc-

rrcLrl LP*, ','1U

141 cjrJlill rtLll

17-192

233-232

:J. ^r .1\l

6-185 (.ig *1

u.iJiit / ri-cll

23-14

26-69 odA

1

cirrtl;j

o*.i;ilx

205 ,,,<lrslr s."".'ill rtLll

10-205 J)A

rj

2-148t^Ut (ltlJLll $r rtiL g)^{-

L)*

5-50 (r-6]p!).Jilr

40-97 )rii.

3-186 irr>^ 5-166 cllJl+- esi- 15:.

q

18-234 c:g:-f+"

ii:A

dr:-,,slr

6-64 gre / 6E{20-59 l<-

al:"

21-139 rsLll '-nu 9-138 o"r,jl +lr

10-179

15-234 (Jj!'hl) i,'l'â&#x201A;Ź-

dl-,;a^

29-180 JriLi /

slJun

27-90 (ol",ill ,-y* a1il.5)

15*201

-195, 8-135, 3-72, 27 -57 at )y 27-183 g4t at_tr

drul

0-215 (;-r5- ;;,41 ;r;3 13-237 (r9+"j) ,Jja

109-108

4'l

7-115 crrJll;i 10-92

39-193 ela 21-238 ls*-r-,A

' 1

1

,/

o

6_226

152, 16-129 u*-.-i-,j 13-,151

.ji-r

oXu, s-lr*-.-i-,j d_r

1B-152 (s.,sll) iJ+i drUld- .jir12-154 &il--ll

d!r.

1-239 d;lJPn-l ',K-,,. 't3-198 ,-3ri.ll dllr.


\

lndex

O'Je-e

I

i

M-41 )-Pqt-,;ir,;

8-171 d,tjl+ J-+

B_133 +ES sr, ,,^+

D-175 cF4

l-153 g"J.Jt &JHl clc J-+ g_139 lr,Llr $r J-+

l-170 :rlri9;FS ei.;o

C-110 (aijr) Jlrr!! -r*,ii/ q,ir

8-235 6:\ / &,+ H-,t70 ilg d,)i Ji,ir

B-140,,.11 .11

l-82

-. r-r / !U-! -. U-: ' $-ll$ Lr,4 o. 1-; F-116 il:- !-xS Lu+ +u+

t:!t:.

G_40

F-141 pall F-27

ul* ls"

-. t-".

!J+ SJI

lr-

l-S-i.,i

e+.-r -r

r'

qi.,;.-r

ls$.i_r.+ c-33 -.$r , ;; ^,

E-133

iJ+jll.tJ

T_230

Jr.-:

a;Jj,i. (:Jlrri

A-'175

JFI Jl

R_39

r^-:

8-178

'-.,iJ

20-214'*13-E

,4-64 Ord1;

):r^"le^"

c-178 !).J1

OrUr+ll

di.+

C-170

, trL?J /

iljill

-li

A-100 o Jtllt F-170 C_140

LJi.b

3r,il-L

J*ltl

orjill eh

4r-t* rr",tq

E-116

:+ L-,-Jl U al-jdl .j.Jl r+

Ol$l J1i +&_.All {,1-

B-110 o"t+ D_177 , ;r-\l

.+ /..i1+

K-38

P-230

4+!r

D-141 i"srs.ll

L-36

:-4

UU+

ediJt

C-l77 t.L:

r-Sll.rJ;

Jc1+

M_109(jl.+

H_92:+tJl 4-36 Jiitll

cji"_

D_240

iJ.:

J"s+

l-116,_!-FJ

A-110 d,,,{

F-1 71 o++ / i-p+

C-82 'Lll ''K !

J-41 +-:- ,,,ur,

8-238 "ini

*+

4-122 ;+ll -+ jJ.tJ / 4jc

.)_+lr

:Jrr

al- t.,llr

f+

/ r",.r

F-162 4\Jl

es/'lC.l o^:JlrJl

8-106 c"+ E-170 i:-Li c!-* K-153

caljll J+.

d9a

X-39 O* *lll uL!

23-12'1 23-51 iJ+j

AiJe

A

rll"J

../ 5-105 +

1-23

rJ*

2-23 S--{Q

+

ir_-S +

u;Jl

I JiJ"Jl '!er

€rs / 6)-{- 'lcr 24-53

1

6)-{-

elcr

7-74 eA ++ qj- / elor 1 3-90 rJilr ;- ;!)J "l! e 19-18 ':'!Jl

j:

3_160 Jstr: js" r

i'it:l' -<':

a',n +

c,U.rrll

3-78 i:.lr q'+ll 'Lor 7-54 *],1-iill ' rJ .l c!"3

9-4 eu-r

,1:t;'

D-176

-idJ":

f,-fll;qs ii;I,

D-119.Jl A E-141

ii'-r

ir+L

Je--;

1-172as+Ja4}:

J-49 ctrj sl' J.-.r F-40 ii,L" r slc J,-.+ A-82 alruit ;-l

J-153 g,FJt &,rlll cy e>: F-153 (s+,sHl) !J+!l 6J.!- O* e J+

JJ+

169-166

2-61 b:rr::LJl i:l)-s"ll r!e3

G-'141 O+Jl ti_s / r.p,+ L-49 g'ltiJl ;rjl i'i: r:,a

ri jrrL)r J.;,

(t'''il)

2-112

,J,-J

"1"

=i-r 't--,

o+)ll '-i--r 32cr[Jl': ^-,

LiJA+

C-119 titt -,,i"

+,:

l,-+3r

97-96

B-177 r,--+

A_39 \:;j."r

4jt

19-'152

J_-

Ji-

1,.1jS

gii 6u3 18-32 i3

Ot"Yl elr- l+: / r!

4-133 ir<-

-r,.,,-,

(;)P--r

5-90

1s=r

H_116 tuij

6+.+

A-235 J;,+ D-140 dtiljYl

1!32

J-171 3U;+Y lei' 11 D-27 (lr,-r,j,) tli -.,,r.r

ut+

!-r

124 4-ii$l

33;s,ill

dru-\

.

irt-r

2-56 4.itjll4+i<;rL-r

c-175 d--

iil!.rrr"* tlJ'.'1 , C-27 u. t"Jl g. p^ aiua 1i\ U-39 s-A 8-102 e'+il {;rFl eIJl u.b .j,,J C-108 dll i-jlJ cbjn J.'i+ C-171

J:Lr

11-58 tu!. /

D_139 "+-j," J+ -.lc i,s:, )Lel ,c;r;

OL"j:I

l,.lrs

219 ,.r++ll r-1lll3 ii$Jl .Jc. .Ll:-!\

c-176 i;ilt+ F3l jl.)Ji C-4-170 Clill 6+ / 4'++

E-27 olul

c_133

10 6t+:]l cl'L--;

23 .lJiYl

A-176

.;!l eL{

iJjil

32.i-)l 1'lrlll e! at"+l-Yl JiLr 150 i+-t-)l rji:ll .l.t--r

/ u/-r+

E_92,,,\Lrl

K_230

L_60

jJjr!)r

rJljJl

d.-_ / A+

d+,a

D_133

6lJ-

C-132

l-27 Ar,"r B-27

o-*

R-41

Llill j el

N-38 'J'Jt

H-141

ilrl.tll

L-230

B_53 4+!t j J_{

M-60

cr:

226

uJ+-)

6-88 (JJ'Prl)

-,lll!t O-!ru! '$'tt gj-rulr

14-49:gsUr GJ,

P-41 ;et-+

Je

T-39 q5+JrJl ..+l,tll J.+

jFJl

s-:

A-106

D-95 U:rj

C-128 dihl

8-60

S*39

^+

('lri!l

.ria

E-38

cJS:

s_230 &.r,!

8-170

"t'a4: eh

C-240 c"'iil i,itj 61, LtlI iuJl jl-j+,i,,,\Lr D-82 d'lll :rli rl' q'l\ A-tze c*+ l,rt\

H_49.:_r+

cJsjts

4-230

G_92

d+l+

c-36

alr;:

G-49,:r

A-177 7-t_l !l 4_t dF,_!l-1. Gl'

4-196 el+ l-171 a.U

Q-41

l"ux,,'i) G-i53 1ltilt -rc olJ* E-230

0-l 38

tjJl tii j+

E-40

H-176 'lJJl Jj

8-162'Al&J!l ;+

.

iJt

+^r,ll L-1;

(-. +ll)

uLit+

*l, ej"! ,r* y Juq O-41 luq 8-240 a+i.i .J A / _r.+ K-116 'lrill g" a.t-!" !x cjru!

{'"n

1

12-13 el3ll!6t,;r

Q-!!4;L.-ilt

ilrr

6U1+:-iJr

16-110 6+-!l "l 6-.r-i 37-107 +-t:

K4'l e":A

r &rr

ii_,!"

24-121

-t' -t;

3J:tt

L-109,,PJ+

G-170,58Y1 cr-J

D-100

V-230

L3_.r-r

\t)18-t:

2-10 eLl+Yl

63+

J,+ / c+_r

G-171 r6liL

&

10-2'10

J_92 l.rj.i:j dlJjj

E-171 El)ri .,'i-r

or 4+t

6-210 ij-.u

c"--

D-106c!.l:e

/ rA+

B-1 75 C!-r

D-171 li."i

D_40

8-153 J-+ll ,jy (_r,+) c$+ Y-39 c$ri / ++ "ilJ.! F-60 -pJt (,Jr,+).+: Q-49 ':tr!l ','i-r

A-139 .r"

4-140 eLrisiYl ,J 6_r-l N-41 lr+ *-: A-44 d- ,: 8-230 +ih G-60 rils" j tl]]l c,-r

O-49

A

:l-.,!-

K_170

,i:,,6_.r-r

26 e]-irJl

N-170i.i-G1ilir\:J

f-ir!r{,j+

P-49

*t uil

t)il"l *l' *--

LLlJ; i+

Ja"

D-178

A_132

J-170

Le

A_27 trx e+

csil.+

D-1164r+E

=sJ--

e+

(-. L-Jt);iull 6lq

c-106 e! c-11 6

F-140

56-181 ; 42-183 4+.l.tJi / i*3"1t

qJ:.q

5_160 u.j

rji!.

/ r-l ,yl

d

,js_r

6L)r 4lt 8-201 ,Jdt c.ll',+ eW: 10-201 Ail slJ.tll iiti.dllr)r

7-201

J-LJI / €rkll Li-

^11

8-4 i,Jir 9-31 .:lriE-140

.1J,L-

1

o;o rlj

13-239 +C: 4,+A j LriJt gr;.;

B-119

a++. a-.ii

!+

8-108 l'r+ / t"t^ ii+ K-171

'\Y1,.Usr ri+

iclr jj-jl iil:-

*1"

,J--Jjii.'

c-162 csr,-ilt 22-211

J)^\

4-'100

ii!


I tnO"* cr-res s,

ditit9

9-132 S.i rl tra grr", 6-169 irrUi,lt C-rr

A-116 **-!l ul C-139 6l+u3yl s., jr+

9-68 sl--*

R-49 ,Jt 't+lt J,.ln i cJ,.Ur P-36 L+,r Lr d F"L 4lh

dj+/i*JJl J

(s!).!:r*

diri$r

G-38

eJ$l

E-135

-1, r:c

E_235

ra,.

l_49 r-..p e+

l+t*

i*

|

.rJA-.!r ,.}ar.Fl

N-36 d i-rl

cl6_rr

rl_e

G-116

CiJl k-Jie A-33 --i!l e-!

At

8-100

2-20 e:t 11

186

$-20

rcl

s-rill

rCl

dJl

3G-21

dq

t$j..jir., A_40

31-21

G-176

u..,'.'-dr erir F_92 i-.. r! r+

E-129:-rt+-' 8_141

F-119 dJr (cl*)

+it cl:*

,;F

Fl-{Q

l-38 dJl Jl c$+ / &ll ris. Jl

o,j- ilJ

ol_,r*_r-

D-l70

"j+Jl

lir

I s..s..7.5i r.,r;

C-23g

/:r-.1

.);i:

o_iL:+lt

iEs pl-.)e os 69

!.e.i-i+

A-220 i^" !-

rYr

ll_e+ O_.:.yr

P-116 &t.L" rt" a,$e

'4

J-60 i.iill, ir:Jlt r-i<J H-60 iJi- L.Jdll i-"islL rl;*Jl ,-:5r C-95 1{-l+l clsJl t-,'lr D-38 qti,..r+Ir

i-lJj

l-41

6ai!

A-206 +lJeirs t !s L;r! D-238 cJ3-2 si el3J il1,rF c-! H-233

".J.ill OLl.!

D-230.iilr c-230 silJ A-141

4Jr

{Li".

rFi.i & ,41 c,!

E-106

e_60 Lt"i,I eA ltr cr".+) o-tr

(e

D-33

..l,]l

(g-i) ,*

P-39 L:t+: cr-,rt*

C-14'l eLlll d-i

dE"e

C-196:-* G-230.-.r-.r+

9-59 a;;.!t E-: F-230 4i1!)

e-ll.r,{-J

F-l29

l+.ls s.i"r E-119 Jr$ \ g_33 *iu gj,a

Z-39 rtn / djr 25-21 dEll ovts / +t4 B-94 -r:,.l.)"ll -f (..+) Jllr, 8-128 !ir,:ll 6Jl,iyl Glj D-196 sxrll -J.Jl

Jl

Jn+

B_196,'& M_116.ii1 D-153 +$,Jl9 1+* 6l+JJlll.icr / cl_jir H-l 71 i$1.+ 4rjr e!+ R_230 d-tll,

.

A-119 ou-1t ' tt'..! K*109 !Slt+ Oti.lt ' ru"! J-109 itiJilL iru-ll '

"''rr

O-39 rj:*'l oi,Ljl

C-40 l..rr>.t{+/-F.lrH 4-1221+Al

304


I

Research Bibliography The authors and publisher wish to acknowledge the contribution of the following educators for their research on vocabulary development, which has helped inform the principals underlying OPD. Burt, M., J. K. Peyton, and

R.

Adam s. Reading and Adult English Language Learners: A Review of the

Research. Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics, 2003.

Coady, J. "Research on ESL/EFL Vocabulary Acquisition: Putting it in Context." ln Second Language Reading andVocabulary Learning, edited byT. Huckin, M. Haynes, and J. Coady. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1993.

de la Fuente, M. J, "Negotiation and Oral Acquisition of L2 Vocabulary: The Roles of lnput and Output in the Receptive and Productive Acquisition of Words." Studies in Second Language Acq u i sitio n 24 (2002): 81 -1 1 2. DeCarrico, J. "Vocabulary learning and teaching ." ln Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language, edited by M. Celcia-Murcia. 3rd ed. Boston: Heinle & Heinle, 2001. Ellis, R. The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1 994.

Folse, K. Vocabulary Myths: Applying Second Language Research to ClassroomTeaching. Ann Arbor, Ml: University of Michigan Press, 2004. R. and S. Redman. Working with Words: AGuide toTeaching and Learning Vocabulary. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Gairns,

and M.J.A. Torres. "Attention When?: An lnvestigation Of The Ordering Effect Of lnput And lnteraction." Studies in Second Language Acquisition 27 (Mar 2005): 1-31.

Gass, S. M.

Henriksen, Birgit. "Three Dimensions of Vocabulary Development." Studies in Second Language Acquisition 21 (1 999): 303-31 7. Koprowski, Mark. "lnvestigating the Usefulness of Lexical Phrases in Contemporary Coursebooks." Oxford ELT Journal59(4) (2005): 322-32. McCrostie, James. "Examining Learner Vocabulary Notebooks." Oxford

ELT

Journal 61 (July 2007):

246-55. Nation,

P.

LearningVocabulary in Another Language.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,2001.

National Center for ESL Literacy Education Slaff . Adult English Language lnstruction in the 21't Century. Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics, 2003. National Reading Panel. Ieaching Children to Read: An Evidenced-Based Assessment of the Scientific Research Literature on Reading and its Implications on Reading lnstruction.2000. http://www.

nationalreadingpanel.orglPublications/summary.htm/. Newton, J. "Options for Vocabulary Learning Through Communication Tasks." Oxford

ELT

Journal

55(1) (2001):30-37. Prince, P. "Second LanguageVocabulary Learning:The Role of ContextVersusTranslations as a Function of Proficiency." Modern Language JournalSO(4) (1996): 478-93. Savage, K. 1., ed. TeacherTrainingThroughVideo - ESLTechniques: Early Production. White Plains, NY:

Longman Publishing Group, 1 992. Schmitt, N.Vocabulary in LanguageTeaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Smith, C.B.Vocabulary Instruction and Reading Comprehension. Bloomington, lN: Clearinghouse on Reading English and Communication, 1997.

ERIC

Wood, K. and J. Josefina Tinajero. "Using Pictures to Teach Content to Second Language Learners." Middle School Journal33 (2002): 47-51.

305


oxford  

oxford انجليزي - عربي

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you