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Wednesday, December 6, 2017 • FINAL FALL ISSUE • VOLUME 111 • ISSUE 16

Inside 2 | News | Grad students walk out

7 | Fall Commencement schedule

26 | Science | New growth, old box






Offically inaugurated as the UA’s 22nd President, Dr. Robert Robbins looks to plot a new course. Where will he take the university from here? | 5




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Grad students walk out, protest GOP tax bill Nearly 200 graduate students walked out of their classes on Nov. 28, drawing attention to an element of the new GOP tax bill that could tax tuition as income BY ROCKY BAIER @RockyBaier

In response to the Republican House tax plan, a group of graduate students gathered in front of Old Main to protest, joining thousands of grad students across the country who participated in walkouts and rallies on Wednesday, Nov. 29. In the tax plan, graduate student tuition waivers would be taxed as income. For graduate students, many of whom live at or below the poverty line, increased taxes could force them to drop out of school or not consider graduate school as an option at all. “It’s going to make graduate school inaccessible to the majority of people,” said anthropology graduate student Cari Tusing, one of the people who organized the walkout. “Only those who can take on debt or those who are independently wealthy will be able to attend graduate school.” Tusing is part of the Graduate Student Organizing Committee, a group of graduate students that work in conjunction with the Graduate and Professional Student Council to plan advocacy events for graduate student issues. “I make approaching $20,000 a year,” Tusing said. “This is going to add several thousand dollars of taxes on us, it’s going to make it impossible to work here. We already barely make enough to make ends meet.” As a large research university, the University of Arizona relies on graduate students to run classes, help professors and perform

research. This tax could impact how the university functions. “I think the tax plan is terrible for all universities,” Dean of Students Kendal Washington White said. “We rely on graduate and teaching assistants and research assistants to get stuff done on campus. They contribute so much to the institution and to tax their stipend … The stipends are already not where they should be.” Anthropology graduate student Sarah Renkert agrees with Washington White. “Without graduate students, this place just becomes dysfunctional,” Renkert said. During the protest, students shared their thoughts, held signs, chanted things like “Grad Tax Walkout: Save Grad Ed” and marched in a circle. However, that changed when Deanna Lewis, internship coordinator graduate assistant for LGBTQ Affairs, jumped into the middle of the circle and suggested everyone file into Old Main and sign in, documenting every single student who was at the protest. “When we start thinking about the implications of the grad tax on us, it really would affect us significantly, and I think overall it would diminish the mission of the University of Arizona,” Lewis said. “It’s in our president’s [Robbins’] best interest to make sure that he has our back so that we can continue to contribute to the university and make the University of Arizona one of the best places to be.” On the university’s end, people like Michael Sistak, senior director


GEOSCIENCE GRADUATE STUDENTS LISA Jose, left, and Haiyang Kehoe hold a sign that says “tuition is not income” during the graduate student walkout and rally on Nov. 29. “If we’re taxed more, I’m probably going to have to leave grad school,” Jose said.

of federal affairs and national advocacy, directly advocated for students by talking to politicians. “We met with most of our congressional offices to articulate the university’s position,” Sistak said. “A lot of the things that Congress is looking to tax, you’re taking away from students when you do that.” Sistak said partner organizations such as the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities, Association of American Universities


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and the American Council on Education are going around meeting with members of Congress and their staff members are always very surprised that when they tax they are taking away from scholarships. Sistak and his team have already sent around 1,600 emails to Arizona representatives, sent a letter signed by President Robbins and began a grassroots campaign to send emails to Congress. Currently, separate versions of the

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tax bill passed in both the House and the Senate, and both versions now go before a conference committee to work out the differences between the two. If that part of the bill is kept in the conference committee’s version of tax reform, it will become law. “I shouldn’t be punished for just trying to learn more about the world, about life,” atmospheric science graduate Malori Redman said.

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The Daily Wildcat • 3

News • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

Ciao Bella: Students get virtual taste of Italy With no relief for the cost of textbooks in sight, three SLAT Ph.D. students are exploring new, innovative ways to help students immerse themselves in a second language

Imagine taking a class trip to Italy without having to leave the classroom. Three Ph.D. students in the Second Language Acquisition and Teaching program made it possible with the help of virtual reality. Margherita Berti, Stefano Maranzana and Jake Monzingo hosted an event Tuesday, Nov. 28 that allowed undergraduate students enrolled in Italian 101, 102, 201 and 202 to use Google Cardboard glasses to explore Italy. Berti was first introduced to Google Cardboard glasses as a masters student in a class on technology and language learning. She said she wanted students to use this form of virtual reality to immerse them into the Italian culture instead of only using a textbook. “When you’re looking at [an] image, you don’t see everything; you see one thing by itself,” Berti said. Monzingo is studying virtual reality for his dissertation. He said he sees this event as a chance to help him with his research. “Being able to see how everybody was looking through with the environment, looking through with YouTube and the Google Cardboard app — I think it’s a good way to get an idea of how it works,”

Monzingo said. The technology is versatile and can be applied outside the classroom. “Anything where there’s a 360 video, you can use the VR portion of YouTube and just hook it up and get a chance to explore other cultures,” Monzingo said. Berti, Maranzana and Monzingo obtained a $300 Student/Faculty Interaction grant and a $200 grant from the French and Italian department to purchase the glasses and snacks for the events. Two cardboards cost $25, and the team was able to purchase 30 glasses for the 25 students per session and three glasses for themselves. The event was held in two sessions, with each session lasting one hour. In each session, the students were first asked to take a pre-survey to share their expectations for the event with the instructors. Attendees were then asked to download the YouTube app and the Google Cardboard app so that the Google Cardboards would be compatible with their phone’s YouTube app. The students were asked to silence their phones so that the audio from each video could be heard using the speaker from the projectors in the room. The students were sent links to four 360-degree videos of different locations in Italy before the event.


STUDENTS USING GOOGLE CARDBOARD glasses particiate in a virtual reality event to immerse them in Italian culture, instead of only using a textbook.

The instructors told the group when to start each video so that everyone could be at the same point. Following each video, the students were asked to discuss in their groups what they saw and how they liked the technology. After all the videos and discussions were played, the students were asked to take a survey to express their thoughts



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after the event. Berti, Maranzana and Monzingo are planning to host the event again next semester and the year following. Berti said she wants to see Google Cardboards used outside of this event. “The idea, for me, would be to have Google Cardboard in the language classrooms,” Berti said. “So using it constantly — maybe once a week — to

explore Italy as opposed to just a textbook.” The three currently teach undergraduate Italian language courses. Maranzana sees this being used to supplement his classroom teaching. “In the syllabus, we have to cover a lot of grammar,” Maranzana said. “We don’t have much time to look at the culture.”

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4 • The Daily Wildcat

News • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

The College of Social & Behavioral Sciences

CONGRATULATIONS WINTER 2017 GRADS! Department of American Indian Studies School of Anthropology Department of Communication Department of English Department of Gender and Women’s Studies School of Geography and Development School of Government and Public Policy Department of History School of Information School of Journalism Arizona Center for Judaic Studies Division for Late Medieval and Reformation Studies Center for Latin American Studies Department of Linguistics Department of Mexican American Studies School of Middle Eastern and North African Studies Department of Philosophy Department of Political Economy and Moral Science School of Sociology


UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA GRADUATE Derric Vaughan celebrates during the 153rd Annual UA Commencement. UA alumni reported a greater feeling of emotional connection to their alma mater than grads from similar institutions.

UA grads happier than peer-college alums BY VANESSA ONTIVEROS @nessamagnifique

University of Arizona alumni report a greater sense of personal happiness and professional fulfillment than graduates from similar universities, according to a poll conducted by Gallup earlier this year. Alumni also reported a greater feeling of emotional connection to their alma mater than other graduates. “I am thrilled, but not surprised, that these results show that our graduates leave the UA prepared for success,” UA President Dr. Robert Robbins told UA News. The poll surveyed 4,200 UA graduates who earned their bachelor’s degrees between 1947 and 2016. Survey participants were asked about their collegiate, professional and personal experiences during and after their time at the UA. The UA Alumni Association, the Department of Marketing and Student Affairs and Enrollment Management all helped fund the poll. “We all want to know how people are faring,” said Melinda Burke, president of the Alumni Association. “That’s real important to us.” The survey measured five areas of well being: purpose, social, financial, community and physical. Sixty-four percent of alumni report feeling like they have a sense of purpose, defined as liking what one does each day and being motivated to achieve goals. Alumni also reported high levels of social well-being, with 61 percent of those surveyed saying that they maintain strong and supportive relationships. Alumni reported a 57 percent satisfaction rate for both financial well-being, defined as the ability to manage economic life in order to reduce stress, and community well-being, which asked about feeling safe and having pride in where one lives. The only aspect of well-being that a majority of alumni did not feel they possessed was physical. Forty-three percent of UA graduates surveyed reported feeling that their physical well-being is thriving.

The results of the survey were compared to the Gallup-Purdue Index of over 60,000 recent college graduates. UA alumni rates of well-being exceeded rates reported by graduates of peer institutions, such as the University California Los Angeles and the University of Florida, in each of the five categories of well being. “We have a strong belief that our alumni like this place, that they do have a strong affinity for the university,” Burke said. “What we didn’t realize was this is was stronger than many of our peers.” Additionally, UA alumni indicated that they felt the university prepared them well for dealing with the world beyond college. A third of graduates reported having a job waiting for them when they graduated. After finding a job, two thirds of alumni surveyed said that they have an ideal job for them. Eighty percent strongly agree that they are deeply interested in the work they do. Additionally, 80 percent also report being satisfied or extremely satisfied with their organization. UA alumni satisfaction with their professional lives also far exceeds that of graduates of peer institutions in each of the aforementioned three categories by as much as 13 percentage points. Other key findings include the fact that nine out of 10 UA alumni reported feeling that their education was worth the cost. In addition to alumni, Gallup also surveyed 3,200 UA undergraduate students. The results of this survey were also positive. Over 75 percent of students reported feeling that developing students problem-solving abilities, writing skills and ability to work in groups. “Happiness definitely influenced my decision to come here,” said Sam Henke, a UA freshman. “It was important to me to go to a university that I felt comfortable in, one that not only had strong academic programs and availability of financial aid, but also an atmosphere that made coming to college feel like a second home.”

The Daily Wildcat • 5

News • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

Welcomed with open paws: Robbins installed as pres. BY JORDAN WILLIAMS @GoodDivaJayJay

Dr. Robert Robbins was officially installed as the 22nd President of the University of Arizona on Nov. 29 in Centennial Hall. The event was established to ceremonially mark the beginning of Robbins’ tenure as president. Andrew Comrie, provost of the UA, explained that it’s like getting married. “Just like when you get married, the actual time you’re technically married is when the document is signed at the office,” Comrie said. “It’s the ceremony and having the guests there and having everyone sort of see it — that’s sort of what counts in some social sense. That’s the marker.” The ceremony began at the Memorial Fountain on Old Main, where the national anthem was played and Regina Siquieros of the Tohono O’odham Nation blessed the event. The procession began right after — made up of former UA presidents, Arizona Board of Regents and delegated faculty from both the UA and universities abroad — and ended inside of Centennial Hall. After the installation, Robbins gave his remarks where he outlined his goals for the university, which included his signature goal of wanting UA to be a leader in the “Fourth Industrial Revolution.” As of November, Robbins has been the UA president for six months. With this much of his tenure completed, Robbins has developed a reputation as being an active president. Melissa Vito, senior vice president for student affairs, enrollment and strategic initiatives, said Robbins is “terrific.”

“He’s super energetic and has definitely reached out to the community — all members of the community,” Vito said. “I think [it’s] really awesome.” Stephen Fleming, vice president for strategic business initiatives, said he likes the way Robbins has interacted with the business community in the past six months. “In that time, he’s been very active in reaching out to the business community and business community up in Phoenix,” Fleming said. “Both of which is a part of our mandate as a land-grant university.” Robbins’ ability to interact with the community is what the regents were looking for when selecting the UA president earlier this year. “Part of what we needed was someone who could engage — internally and externally — the people of Arizona and the faculty and students of the university,” Regent Ron Shoopman said. Gov. Doug Ducey said he sees Robbins’ ability to work with people as important for being the president of a university. “In this role, you’re working with students, you’re working with parents, you’re working with faculty, alumni and citizens of the state and the city,” Ducey said. “So I think Bobby Robbins is uniquely equipped to do all of that.” Ducey said he thinks Robbins has found success because he is “an outsider to academia.” “While he’s certainly credentialed and certainly worked within the academy, he comes from experience outside the traditional upbringing inside these institutions,” Ducey said. Shoopman noted that, during his time as director of Texas Medical Center, Robbins


UNIVERISTY OF ARIZONA PRESIDENT Dr. Robert Robbins is applauded and officially recognized as the UA’s 22nd President on Wednesday, Nov. 29.

was able to get 59 different organizations to work together. Because of this, he wants to see Robbins do two things with UA: “We want him to get all of the colleges on this great university working together,” Shoopman said. “But also all three universities in the state and the private sector to work together for the good of Arizona.” Ducey said he wants to see Robbins pay more attention to the most important aspect of the UA. “I want to see him pay a tremendous

amount of attention to academics, and not so much attention to athletics,” Ducey said. “But I think there is so much good innovation and research that’s coming.” However, for Robbins, the primary priority will be attaining funds for the UA. “How can we get more scholarships for students? How can we get the resources we need to advance the university for programs, to help support students, to do our research, to get the facilities in line?” Robbins said. “So, that’s always going to be number one.”


Modern independence: Bloody borders OPINION

BY ERIC ROSHAK @DailyWildcat

In recent months, a series of would-be, or currently, independent states have sowed unrest within their respective regions. South Sudan, the world’s most recent addition to the cannon of nations recognized by the United Nations, has struggled to successfully lift itself from its post-revolutionary violence. In the European sphere, the eastern Spanish province of Catalonia has staged dramatic opposition efforts in the form of protests and other demonstrations intended to force Madrid to the bargaining table. Despite a majority of Catalans in support of secession, the Spanish government up to this point holds Catalonia to be a state in insurrection and observes any unwarranted attempts

to break from Spain as treason. What are the roots of these revolutions? Why and how might they go about achieving and maintaining independence and stability? Most crucially, does the redrawing of borders cause more problems than it solves? With respect to Catalonia, the fear of many Spanish is that an independent Catalan state would contract a more nationalistic attitude than is typically represented among European democracies. This fear stems from the notion that Catalans with Spanish allegiance would suffer persecution by Catalan citizens and authorities because of the hyper-patriotic tendencies already elicited by Catalans in the form of demonstrations, rallies and general public sentiment. This prediction, of course, displays a natural bias on the part of Spain – naturally not in support of Catalan secession. The redrawing of this border is something that will and ought to be discussed among Spanish citizens. The fact of the matter is that the ferocious Catalan resentment of Spanish governance may lead to the weakening of both states.

While the cultural divide is clear, the economic ramifications of a split may not prove to be a healthy decision. Spain’s economic and cultural balancing act will be determined by the decision to remain intact or separate. While it may seem counterproductive to compare a situation such as the Catalonian crisis with a longtroubled region of sub-Saharan Africa – South Sudan – the problems associated with border-shifting are analogous. While Sudan prior to an independent South Sudan suffered state-sponsored atrocities and ethnic conflict, the South Sudanese situation has depreciated further. It takes time for new nations to develop systems of governance and logistics, however, on the aggregate, independence movements like South Sudan and Catalonia would likely be better suited if they established well-founded justification for secession and following extended deliberation with their parent nations. -Eric Roshak is a sophomore majoring in law and political science

6 • The Daily Wildcat

News • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

Finals week festivities BY SHANNON SNEATH @shan_anaginssss

With finals week just around the corner, the University of Arizona is planning relaxing activities for students to reduce stress and to enhance their studying methods. With papers and tests aplenty, here are some fun events and activities happening around campus to help keep you going during the toughest part of the year



Dec. 4 through Dec. 6 — Another Campus Rec event taking place are bouldering workshops. This includes the boulder wall, sand volleyball courts, music, a workout and fun new routes. The workshops are offered Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday of this week at the Campus Recreation Bouldering area.

Dec. 4 to Dec. 14 — Campus Recreation will be providing students free snacks and a place to study for finals. The study room is located at the center upstairs, in the North Conference Room.

THERAPY DOGS Dec. 6, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. — Another activity at the UA Mall going on “De-stress With Therapy Dogs,” where you can pet dogs in order to become less stressed about finals.

GAME NIGHT ROUND 2 Dec. 8, 6–8 p.m. — Another game night will be occurring at the UA Main Library, including snacks, tabletop games and therapy dogs. At the UA’s Fine Arts library there will be free coffee, donuts and therapy dogs.

BOULDERING WORKSHOP ROUND 2 Dec. 11 and 12, 5:30–6:30 p.m. — Also again at the Campus Rec will be another bouldering event, offering workshops for sand volleyball, climbing the boulder wall, music, a workout and routes. With various de-stressing activities to choose from at the UA, students should have a better chance of relaxing throughout finals week and doing well on their finals!

ELEVATE EVENT Dec. 7, 6–7:30 p.m. — At the Kiewit Auditorium at the UA Health and Sciences – Cancer center, there will be an “ELEVATE” event, which is a program that teaches effective strategies to enhance one’s academic performance. Some of these strategies include yoga and artistic activities made to relax one and feel more focused.

FREE GROUP FITNESS Dec. 8 through Dec. 13 — At the Campus Recreation center, free group fitness cardio classes will be given from noon to 6:30 p.m. The schedule of classes is located on the UA recreational center website, The Rec will also have extended hours all week

DROP-IN WATER BASKETBALL Dec. 14, 6 a.m. until 10 p.m. — The UA’s Campus Recreation Center will be hosting drop-in water basketball games, available during all the regular rec pool hours. The water basketball games will take place at the Campus Recreation Pool.

COFFEE, DONUTS AND DOGS Dec. 5, 6–8 p.m. — The UA Health Science Library will have free coffee, donuts and therapy dogs to pet.

GAME NIGHT @ MAIN LIBRARY Dec. 7 — There will be a game night event at the UA Main Library. This game night includes table-top games, snacks and an aromatherapy garden. Yoga classes are also included from 6:30–7:30 p.m. Game Night lasts until to 9 p.m.

GAME NIGHT ROUND 3 Dec. 10, 7–9 p.m. — The Main Library and Science and Engineering libraries will play host to a game night on Dec. 10. Therapy dogs will be at the game night, along with snacks.

CAPS STRESS COUNSELING Dec. 14, 9 a.m. until 4 p.m. — Also through Dec. 14, Counseling and Psych services triage will be offering an ear to UA students who want to talk about their stress. It will take place on the third floor, southeast corner of Student Health, Monday through Friday.

FREE FOOD AND GIVEAWAYS Dec. 6, 8 a.m. — The Campus Health lobby will be giving out free granola bars, apples, and oranges. Also on Dec. 6, the FSW Kick-Off event will be happening, taking place at 10 a.m. on the UA Mall. This includes free food, farmer’s market, giveaways, study resources and more.

LATE NIGHT PANCAKES Dec. 7, 9 p.m. — There will be a free, late-night breakfast offered, which includes pancakes with optional butter and syrup, sausage and a free fountain drink or coffee. Participating locations include Cactus Grill on the third floor of the Student Union Memorial Center, Nosh at Park Student Union and Bear Down Kitchen on the fourth floor of the Football Stadium’s north end zone.

FREE FRUIT AND GRANOLA Dec. 11, 12, 13 and 14 — the Campus Health lobbies will again be giving out free fruit and granola bars starting at 8 a.m. and ending at 4:30 p.m.

FREE BLUE BOOKS Dec. 14 — Free blue books will be given out during regular hours until Dec. 14 at the University of Arizona Bookstore, located at the Student Union Memorial Center.

News • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final fall Issue

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News • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

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Testing out sustainable diets BY GRACE PENRY

“Going green” probably makes you think of activists urging the public to use LEDs, drive hybrid vehicles, turn off electronics and take shorter showers. However, one of the easiest, and arguably most beneficial ways you can ‘go green’ is hardly mentioned -- sustainable eating. As part of my class, the Human Footprint, my group members Ava, Ashlynn, Joanna and I explored the impact our diet has on the environment, and what a sustainable diet means. Eating green is not as hard, or extreme, as you might think. Given, the most effective way to eat green would be going vegetarian or vegan. However, reducing meat consumption to only a few times a week versus every meal is good enough. For every pound of beef you don’t eat, 1,800 gallons of water are saved. Or, keep eating meat, but don’t eat beef or lamb. Eat chicken instead. Chicken produces the least amount of carbon emission in comparison to other popular meats, at 6.9kg of CO2. Eggs are another great source of protein with little impact on the environment. On the list of the top ten worse foods for the environment, meat products made up seven. Nine of the foods were animal products. Americans consume more meat than any other country in the world. Other cultures tend to use meat as a seasoning instead of main dish -- except for special occasions. Foods, like legumes (think beans), soy and almonds are alternative options containing lots of protein and iron. The point is not to become vegetarian or vegan, the point is to eat more mindfully. The Testimonies:

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AVA: Already a long-time vegetarian, she ate a vegan diet for a week, recording all the foods she ate in a log. “Being a vegan for only a week wasn’t that hard, but I can imagine that being vegan for a longer time would be more difficult, because you have to go without the foods you’ve grown to love for a long time. I was definitely feeling healthier on a vegan diet than I felt as a vegetarian, and I felt better about my human footprint. Being vegan eliminated a lot of fast food options and other unhealthy food which caused me to eat healthier and seek protein options with less of an impact.” JOANNA: She had a normal diet before being vegetarian for a week.

“Becoming vegetarian for a week presented some challenges and many revelations. It gave me the chance to try food I’d never had before and discovered many incredible new dishes. And now as a result I make an effort to diversify my meal. It made me realize just how much I rely on meat, and allowed me to see how I could reduce it. Overall, while I haven’t automatically become a vegetarian (due to love of certain dishes), I’ve been far more mindful of what I eat and how I can reduce m impact and still eat well and enjoy the food I like. I think food diversity, more than anything, is important.” ASHLYNN: She took another approach. Never a vegetarian, but mindful of meat consumption, Ashlynn cut out the ten most harmful foods to the environment out of her diet for a week. “For a couple of months, I have been avoiding meat other than chicken or fish, so this new diet was not all that hard except for avoiding cheese and eggs as they are many foods that we consume on a regular basis. I found myself eating more vegetables and fruits while finding my protein in foods such as beans and nuts. I did however lose three pounds over the week which I would attribute to eating a lower fat diet by eliminating chicken, eggs, fish and cheese. Although, I may not be able to give up all of these foods entirely I believe I would be able to make it where I only included either of those three foods in one meal a week. In turn, I think it would contribute to a healthier diet and one that would have a more positive impact on the environment.” There are many advantages to eating sustainably, other than being environmentally friendly. Meat is expensive, both at the grocery store and at restaurants. A vegetarian diet can also be healthier. Excessive pork and beef consumption has been linked to colon cancer. Eating just three servings of fruits and vegetables can significantly decrease the risk of contracting such diseases. Furthermore, buying locally grown food cuts down on emissions caused by transportation significantly, while creating a sense of community. Farmers markets provide a unique experience for the consumer to create a connection with where the food comes from. In Tucson, there are many opportunities to exercise sustainable eating. Food Conspiracy Co-Op on Fourth Avenue is a local store that sells a variety of mostly locally grown foods, not to mention various farmer’s markets occurring daily all over the Tucson area and simple. Please take action to help halt climate change, just by changing your diet a little to become more sustainable.

News • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue


UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA PROVOST Andrew Comrie addresses members of the community at a town hall in 2013. The first three years of RCM were designed as a pilot test for the UA; no changes were made and a review was guaranteed.

Budget model up for review BY RANDALL ECK @reck999

Three years after implementing a new university-wide budget model, called Responsibility Centered Management, the University of Arizona has convened a committee to review the model and recommend improvements and adjustments to UA President Dr. Robert Robbins. Just as RCM meaningfully impacted students’ UA experience when it was first implemented, any changes now have the potential to reverberate across the whole university. “Over the course of the academic year, we are going to take a look at RCM and make sure we understand what is really working well and identify what little things have to be fixed,” said Provost Andrew Comrie, who co-chairs the committee with Chief Financial Officer Gregg Goldman. The first three years of RCM were designed as a pilot test for the UA; no changes were made and a review was guaranteed. “It is our budget system and we need to make sure it works for us,” Comrie said. At its core, RCM determines how the university’s revenue is distributed — everything from students’ tuition and fees to state allocations and philanthropic donations. Previously, the university budget functioned loosely like a command economy with the administration distributing blocks of funding. Those with the loudest voices often received the most money, sometimes to the detriment of students. RCM aimed to bring transparency and equity to the budget by awarding funding based on the activity of “units” or colleges in terms of teaching, research, facilities costs and more. This activity model incentivizes strategic investments and encourages an entrepreneurial spirit, according to Comrie. “RCM encourages colleges to manage all their revenues and costs to optimize their activities to serve our core mission of teaching students, creating new knowledge and extending that

knowledge for community impact,” Comrie said. While RCM has steered colleges toward providing a wider array of general education courses and creating exciting, effective programs to retain students, it has also resulted in some unforeseen negative consequences. For committee member Lynn Nadel, chair of the faculty and a regents professor emeritus in psychology, there are three core concerns about RCM on the committee’s table. “The committee needs to address the unevenness between how colleges distribute their RCM funds, the impact of RCM on crosscollege collaborations and the impacts of RCM on creating interdisciplinary courses and curriculum,” Nadel said. RCM allows each college or unit to distribute its revenue and costs in the spirit of RCM, acknowledging no one mechanism could be most effective in both the College of Humanities and, for example, the College of Optical Sciences. According to Nadel, some colleges adhered less strictly than others to RCM’s mission of transparency and simplicity, leading to the perception of unfairness among some faculty. By rewarding colleges teaching more students in the classroom, RCM has expanded the sizes and numbers of once-limited general education courses. As a consequence, however, colleges and programs come into conflict over how to share RCM funding when designing curriculum and collaborating on research or more — potentially limiting new opportunities for students. Initially, Nadel believed internal governance structures would arise to resolve these disputes. That has not been the case. Nevertheless, Nadel believes he and his fellow committee members will be able to justify the continued use of RCM. “RCM allows students to talk with their feet,” Nadel said. This provides the majors students desire the resources to best serve them and encourages colleges to compete to build the most successful programs and investments instead of leveraging politics behind closed doors, like in the past, according to Nadel.

The Daily Wildcat • 9

Wednesday — Thursday December 6 Page 10

SCIENCE (520) 621-7579

A greenhouse in an old box UA professor turns shipping container into hydroponic greenhouse on campus BY HANNAH DAHL @hannah_dahl715

Chances are you’ve eaten lettuce grown in a greenhouse before. But what if that lettuce was grown in a shipping container? One biosystems engineer at the University of Arizona has developed a way to grow the veggies in your salad within a shipping container. In fact, you’ve probably walked right past it on your way to class. The unassuming shipping container, tucked between the Chemistry and Forbes buildings, is the first “Green Box” designed by Joel Cuello, a professor of agriculturalbiosystems engineering and arid lands resource sciences. The Arizona Green Box is a modular, vertical farm that contains hydroponic or aeroponic growing units that can produce crops, Cuello said. Like building blocks, the containers could be stacked vertically on top of each other to create an entire farm structure. One of the biggest benefits of the Green Box is the ability to control the environment within the container. This allows scientists to cultivate a “perfect world” situation for the plants inside. “We get the maximum productivity, the maximum quality of the crops because the environment is controlled, and it’s yearround and independent of the weather and the climate,” Cuello said. The Green Box uses a type of hydroponic system known as N.F.T, or nutrient film technique, said Adrian Valois, a senior studying biosystems engineering. Valois has helped Cuello manage the Green Box since June. In a nutrient film hydroponic system, the plants receive their nutrients from a water reservoir infused with a nutrient solution, Valois said. The water takes the place of the soil in a traditional growing setting. The plants are placed in rows with their roots submerged inside a wide PVC pipe, which carries the water solution. This pipe runs in a continuous loop from the water reservoir and back, allowing the flow of gravity to move the water from the top row of plants to the bottom rows. Once the water reaches the reservoir, a water pump pushes it back up to the top row again and the process starts all over, Valois said. “This is what makes hydroponics very water-efficient,” Valois said. “Hydroponics uses around 90 percent less water than conventional farming, so it is very sustainable.” Cuello said he hopes to improve the Green

Box’s sustainability even more by using solar power to supply the electricity needed to power the lights and water pumps. The lights in the container play an essential role in keeping the plants alive. “Plants can grow with pretty much any white light,” Valois said. “In order to do photosynthesis, they only need a small spectrum of the light, so they don’t need solar light.” The plants are being exposed to light 24/7, as opposed to the typical six-to-eight hours of sunlight an outdoor plant would get, so they spend a lot of time in photosynthesis, Valois added. This greatly increases their productivity. “Because we are controlling the environment’s temperature, we get a productivity that could be [up to] 300 times that in the open field,” Cuello said. The Green Box is currently sprouting rosyhued stalks of rainbow chard and bright green leaves of basil, but it has the potential to grow much more. “Some of the crops that can be grown are salad crops, like lettuce, tomatoes, bell peppers, microgreens, chard, kale; all of those would be ideal for this,” Cuello said. One of the limitations of the Green Box is that it’s not ideal for growing cereal crops such as corn, barley or wheat. In theory, one could grow cereal crops in the Green Box, Cuello said. However, from an economic standpoint, it wouldn’t be very productive because people wouldn’t be able to produce the same large quantities as what’s produced by arable land agriculture. An increasing need for urban food production was one of the driving forces behind Cuello’s inspiration for the vertical farming units. According to Cuello, by 2050 nearly three-fourths of the world’s population will be living in cities. The Green Box provides a solution to producing food in a crowded, urban environment. “People in cities will need local food production; it’s just more sustainable that way,” Cuello said. “This doesn’t mean that they’re going to produce on-site all of the food the cities will need — that’s not practical — but with salad crops, there’s nothing wrong with growing them inside, and that’s going to save a lot in terms of energy and resources.” Both Cuello and Valois have already started distributing their hydroponically grown crops here in Tucson. Valois sells the lettuce and herbs he grows at farmer’s markets, and Cuello is cooperating with the Southern Arizona Food Bank to help involve people in their own food production.


THE ARIZONA GREEN BOX provides a controlled environment to grow crops and can be used anywhere in the world. The interior is insulated and equipped with a cooling system to prevent overheating.


FRESH BASIL GROWS HYDROPONICALLY in the greenhouse on Monday, Dec. 5, in Tucson. The racks holding the plants are an innovative design by Joel Cuello and his team. They slide in and out on tracks to allow for easy harvest.

Looking ahead, the Green Box system has the potential to be utilized across the globe, Cuello said. He plans to establish Green Box counterparts in the United Arab Emirates and the Philippines at some point in the

future. The Green Box project is supported by the UA Green Fund, a student-led grant program that allocates money to sustainability projects on campus.

The Daily Wildcat • 11

Science • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue


Lipedema mostly misdiagnosed


University of Arizona researcher Yann Klimentidis received a $115,000 grant for research into lipedema, a condition that causes disproportionate amounts of fat to develop around the hips, legs and thighs. The condition is found almost exclusively in women, and it is easily mistaken for standard obesity. It cannot be treated with simple exercise, and it causes those affected to be overly sensitive in the afflicted areas, causing pain on even the slightest touch, Klimentidis said. He is focusing on finding genetic patterns and indicators to help learn more about the condition and potentially find a treatment. His funding is coming from the Lipedema Foundation, which is only just beginning to fund research. YANN KLIMENTIDIS “Lipedema is rarely diagnosed and poorly understood,” Klimentidis said. The main effect of lipedema is persistent fat developing around the legs and thighs, with less developing around the belly. This pattern means that women with lipedema show lower risk for developing diabetes or heart problems, according to Klimentidis. “The difference is it’s a specific type of fat patterning, whereas obesity is a general crude description of having a lot of weight,” Klimentidis said. The fat itself developed in lipedema is also different, said UA College of Medicine – Tucson associate professor Karen Herbst. “Normally, fat is smooth with a rubbery feel on the thighs, but in lipedema, it feels like little pearls,” Herbst said. “When we train people to identify lipedema, we tell them to search for those nodules.” Studies have also shown that lipedema fat is persistent, and even removal by liposuction is not perfect. Surgeons in Germany have done long-term studies on liposuction on lipidemic patients, and for about 5 percent of patients, it is ineffective, Herbst said. “For the remainder of women, debulking lipedema fat is effective at improving quality of life, but after an extended period, it would likely eventually come back,” Herbst said. Currently, liposuction is the only treatment for lipedema. The theory for why lipedema is found primarily in women is that women are already genetically programmed to put fat in those areas, so lipedema is almost like an overproduction of that programming. “You could argue that it is an extreme of typical female fat patterning,” Klimentidis said. Evidence also shows that lipedema develops around puberty, a time when different hormones rise in men and women, according to Herbst. “Since hormone levels rise in men but they don’t develop lipedema, we think it may have to do with the difference in hormones, specifically estrogen,” Herbst said. Herbst, who has also received a grant for lipedema research, is focused more on observing skin and fat tissue under a microscope. The goal of her research is finding differences in the tissue and blood flow between those with and without lipedema. “What we have found is women with lipedema tend to have larger bundles of blood vessels and more inflammatory cells,” Herbst said. “We’ve also done ultrasounds and have


found lipidemic patients are more prone to leaky vessels and fibrosis.” Lipedema has three stages, with each stage more drastic than the last, according to Herbst. “There’s something different about the structure of tissue found in women at stage three, which has big lobes of fat that hang and impede blood flow,” Herbst said. This all leads to interference in proper blood flow, symptoms Herbst said she believes further perpetuate fat development. Klimentidis’ research focuses on identifying genetic patterns in women with lipedema. He has been given access to the UK Biobank, a cache of genetic, disease and physical data. “I’m sorting through the data to find women with physical attributes like lipedema,” Klimentidis said. “There’s data about fat deposits around the leg, arms, trunk, waist and hip circumference, and leg pain.” While the data does not specify who has lipedema,

Klimentidis can identify the symptoms and sort through those who suffer from it. By observing the genomes of lipidemic women, Klimentidis can find potential patterns and indicators. “By identifying genetic risk factors, we get insight into the biology of the disease, issues with genes and potentially identify if someone is at risk,” Klimentidis said. Lipedema is still something the medical field knows very little about, so Klimentidis said he can’t narrow down his search and will have to analyze entire genomes. He must also search whole genomes because, in many cases, he said, more than one gene is responsible for your physical and biological characteristics. “It’s really probably hundreds or thousands of genes that, in combination, put you at risk for the disease,” Klimentidis said. “For example, there is no single tall or short gene; it’s many genes that determine height.”

12 • The Daily Wildcat

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The Daily Wildcat • 13

14 • The Daily Wildcat

Advertisement • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

Wednesday — Thursday December 6­­ Page 15

ARTS & LIFE (520) 621-7579

Hanson Film Institute collaborates with UAMA Through this partnership, audience members will see exclusive footage of the preparatory work that occurs behind the scenes of world-famous art exhibitions BY KACIE LILLEJORD @DailyWildcat

In December, we have many things to look forward to: holidays, time with loved ones and time off from school and work. Thanks to a new partnership between the Hanson Film Institute and the University of Arizona Museum of Art, students may now also look forward to “Exhibition on Screen,” a documentary series that will give its audience exclusive behind-the-scenes access to the preparation and staging of some of the world’s acclaimed art exhibitions from recent past. Kerryn Negus, the assistant director of the Hanson Film Institute, credits Vicky Westover, the director of the Hanson Film Institute, for bringing the film series to Tucson. “[Westover] identified this film series as something that would be of great interest to Tucson audiences; it’s never been here before,” Negus said. “She thought it would be a great opportunity for the Hanson Film Institute to partner for the first time with the University of Arizona Museum of Art because it’s such a perfect combination of film and art.” On Dec. 9, “Goya: Visions of Flesh and Blood” kicks off the “Exhibition on Screen” series. It is to be introduced by Dr. Malcolm Compitello, head of the UA Department of Spanish and Portuguese. This film will show the 2015– 2016 exhibition “Goya: The Portraits” at London’s National Gallery. In addition, the film presents the life of Francisco Goya onscreen and shows the processes of conservation and curation required for staging this exhibition. Negus said the Goya documentary allows audiences in Tucson to go behind the scenes and find out how the exhibit came together, in addition to receiving a front-row screen to the actual exhibit.


A STILL FROM “GOYA: Visions of Flesh and Blood” showing “Self Portrait” by Francisco de Goya.

“If you didn’t get to go to London in 2015–16, no problem; you can be in Tucson on Saturday and you can get to experience the film,” Negus said. “And the other side of it is that they do a reenactment of Goya’s life. So interspersed with the making of this world-famous exhibit is the history behind it and the story of Goya. So that brings the historical side of it.” Jan. 13 marks the date for the second film of this series, “The Artist’s Garden: American Impressionism.” This film follows the exhibition “The Artist’s Garden: American Impressionism and the Garden Movement, 1887–1920” as it

travels from the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts to Old Lyme in Connecticut, the location of Florence Griswold’s colony. The film offers spectacles of American Impressionism and the historical time period when they were created. Last but not least, “Exhibition on Screen” will conclude on Feb. 10 with “Rembrandt: From the National Gallery London and Rijksmuseum Amsterdam.” This film features the life and work of Rembrandt, with behind-the-scenes looks of the exhibition “Rembrandt: The Late Works.” The exhibition was filled with 91 paintings produced in Rembrandt’s final years.

Negus said she hopes for the Hanson Film Institute to partner with the UA Museum of Art in the future. Members of the museum of the Hanson Film Institute Producers Club can attend a pre-screening art viewing at the museum, curated by UAMA curator Olivia Miller. Each of the three documentaries in the series will be screened once each month at the Center for Creative Photography on campus, located at 1030 N. Olive Road, and the screenings are free and open to the public. All screenings are general seating and doors open at 1:30 p.m., with the film following at 2 p.m.



16 • The Daily Wildcat

Arts & Life • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

Movies to celebrate the holiday season BY KACIE LILLEJORD @DailyWildcat

We’re down to the final stretch of the semester, Wildcats. Thanksgiving has come and gone, and now we can look forward to the holiday season. Most importantly, we approach our month-long break from schoolwork when we enjoy some siestas, hot cocoa, candy canes, friends, family and, of course, beloved holiday movies of the season. The Daily Wildcat has arranged a list of classic films to get you started on your merry way. Happy Holidays!

“EIGHT CRAZY NIGHTS” Co-written, produced by and starring Adam Sandler, this animated comedy is intertwined with plenty of adult humor. When Davey, voiced by Sandler, is arrested for refusing to pay a bill, a man named Whitey, also voiced by Sandler, intervenes on his behalf in court and suggests community service in lieu of jail time. This is granted, with the condition that if Davey commits a crime during community service, he will go straight to prison for a decade. Hilarious yet touching, this movie is an essential on your holiday watchlist. You can watch this film with Netflix DVD or by renting on Amazon.

“NATIONAL LAMPOON’S CHRISTMAS VACATION” Sappy Christmas trees, bickering relatives, decoration misadventures and one massive freak-out following a year-long membership for the Jelly of the Month Club, this Christmas classic is integral for your holiday viewing experience. Chevy Chase stars as patriarch Clark Griswold, a family man intent on creating the perfect holiday for his family and extended relatives. The film opens with Clark driving with his wife, daughter and son to find the perfect Christmas tree, and instantly the madness begins as Clark tangles with road rage, getting stuck under a truck and ultimately flying off the side of the road to, thankfully, the Christmas tree lot. Well, at

“ELF” Will Ferrell stars as Buddy, a human raised by elves who discovers his true heritage, as well as the fact that his father is on the naughty list (gasp!). He subsequently leaves the North Pole for New York City. Buddy struggles to connect with his long-lost father and blend into the cynical world outside of the merry North Pole, but he ultimately spreads Christmas cheer to the people around him. Ferrell is funny and able to drink a whole gallon of Coke in one sitting in this film; “Elf” is both humorous and heartfelt, and it’s perfect for the holiday season, as it will give you a good dose of Christmas joy. You can watch this film with Netflix DVD or buy on Amazon.

“THE POLAR EXPRESS” This animated 2004 classic, narrated by Tom Hanks, is another beloved Christmas classic. A young boy, his belief in Santa Claus fading, has his beliefs renewed in one incredible night when he boards a mysterious train that is heading for the North Pole. He meets several children, two of which he befriends, as well as the train’s conductor, voiced by Tom Hanks, and a peculiar but lovable ghost. The journey is eventful to say the least, from crackling ice to skiing across the rooftops of the Polar Express. Touching, merry and sweet — take a ride aboard the Polar Express and hear the sleigh bells ring, as they do for all who truly believe. You can watch this film with Netflix DVD or buy for cheap on Amazon.

“HOME ALONE 2: LOST IN NEW YORK” Kevin McCallister, played by Macaulay Culkin, is back to once again outwit Harry, played by Joe Pesci, and Marv, played by Daniel Stern. Kevin is left alone for the second time when he is separated from his family in the airport as they head to Florida and Kevin boards a plane for New York City. At first, Kevin is having the time of his life on a vacation of his very own; then, following a hotel clerk’s discovery of a stolen credit card and a subsequent run-in with Harry and Marv, who have escaped from jail, Kevin gets to work setting traps in his uncle’s vacant house, which is under renovations. You can watch this film with Netflix DVD.

“THE SANTA CLAUSE” Tim Allen stars as Scott Calvin, a man who accidentally causes Santa Claus to fall from his roof one night — and who finds that, after donning Santa’s suit, he’s the next Santa Claus. Allen, to the audience’s amusement, struggles with severe weight gain and is in severe denial about what’s occurring. Meanwhile, his ex-wife, played by Wendy Crewson, is seriously concerned about their son, Charlie, played by Eric Lloyd, who believes his father is Santa Claus. You can watch this film with Netflix DVD or buy the DVD on Amazon.

“JACK FROST” This movie stars Michael Keaton as the title character, Jack Frost, a musician who loves his family but strives for a successful musical career. He heads with his band for a gig that would mean spending Christmas away from his family. At the last minute, Jack takes a bandmate’s car and drives back to the family cabin, but he never makes it. Jack crashes and dies instantly while driving in the midst of a snowstorm. One year later, he is resurrected by a harmonica he had jokingly told his son was magical, and he is given the chance to be the dad he always wanted to be. The film is heartwarming and funny. You can watch this film with Netflix DVD.

“THE BLACK CANDLE” A documentary narrated by Maya Angelou, known for her book “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings,” this film follows the growth of Kwanzaa via the Black Power Movement in the 1960s to the present day reality. More specifically, this documentary emphasizes the ups and downs of African-American family, community and culture. You can watch this film on iTunes.

The Daily Wildcat • 17

Arts & Life • Wednesday, December 6,2017 | Final Fall Isue


Finals fun all week long




f we were playing Mad Libs, what would be your adjective to describe finals week? Stressful? Painful? Terrifying? Instead, we should try “relaxing” or even “fun.” If you enter finals week with a positive attitude, you’ll find you can actually enjoy it. One reason people hate finals week is because they study too much. They think they can look down at their chemistry textbook, not look up for six hours and still end up as a normal human being with advanced knowledge in the subject. That’s not how studying works. For most people, after about two hours, every hour spent is less productive. It becomes more difficult to cram another piece of information into their head. They become sleepy, they stop making connections and their head starts to hurt. If they keep going, they might even mess up their ability to study for the rest of the day, or even the next few days. Instead, stop to smell the roses! Literally, they’re right outside of Forbes. Study until you feel yourself slowing down a bit, then take some time out to recover. Before you go for another round, you can check out the amazing events

the university has set up just for study breaks. For example, there will be all the opportunities to pet dogs that we can’t have. They’ve been around already, but we still have Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Sunday. Live it up! We never have so many chances to hang out with puppies on a normal week. For those of us who don’t have a Campus Rec group fitness pass, we can try out Zumba, Body Pump or Yoga for free. We can even go to rock climbing classes. If it’s hard justifying taking time away from studying, remember that exercise sharpens focus for up to four hours afterward. Another thing that makes finals week great is it should be offering you the best sleep of the semester. Instead of three or four classes per day, you might have four or five finals for the week. That means the pressure to complete many assignments in one day doesn’t happen over finals week. Finding time for eight hours of sleep should be cake. Except, you might point out, there’s still studying, finishing up projects and writing essays. Yes, but three hours taken from sleeping in order to study won’t help overall. Students who sacrifice sleep have diminished concentration, more stress and less motivation throughout the day, according to Harvard’s Medical School. These drawbacks cost more than the three hours they gained. If the choice is between sleep and finishing daily assignments, it might be a toss-up. We can probably sacrifice some brainpower while we sit in classes on a normal day. Between sleep and studying though? At least

for me, my physical limitations force me to choose sleep. Finals week can also offer solutions to common college problems. Your friends might all be busy studying while you are in desperate need of human interaction. Most weeks, you’re out of luck. During finals week, there are events almost every day. You can catch the Farmer’s Market, or the kickoff event, or game nights, or study breaks at the library. The events will be full of others who want a bit of interaction. And of course, finals week and free food go hand-inhand. It comes at the perfect time. We need food, but funds at the end of the semester are especially low. Also, it takes too much time to make food. The solution for finals week is not ramen. If you plan well, you could easily sustain yourself only on free food from the kickoff on Wednesday, Pancake dinner on Thursday, to the Fine Arts Library coffee break on Friday. Plus, there are tons of union specials, like those free chicken minis I’ll probably get at least four times this week, and the free and healthy snacks located on almost every corner of campus. There’s almost no need to stress for finals week. It has your sleep, interactions, dog needs, food, new experiences and more covered. Besides, since when does anxiety help you remember more, or work more productively? — Toni Marcheva is a sophomore excited for finals week, especially those puppies


Congratulations to the

2017 Centennial Achievement Award Recipients The recipients of these awards embody the academic pursuit of excellence, scholarship, and leadership and the best that the University of Arizona has to offer

Hassan-Galaydh Mohamud Farah Moira A. Hamilton Graciela R. Jauregui Rebecca Renee Renteria Roman Palitsky Ariana Stickel

Physiology Outstanding Senior Award

NOLAN J. WEINSTEIN Tahisa Amador Farzeen Aria Justin Arnold Alyssa Arvizo Troy Belcher Jacqueline Bollinger Brooklyn Borkowski Joe Brown Jordan Browning * Corina Caran Christian Carmino June Chabayta Laura Covey Stephen Dahn Tyler Firlik Daniel Fourte Griselda Gracia Flores Jocelyn Guzman

Melissa Hamblin Emma Hardina Kimberly Hogarty Dillon Hollander Youjin Jung Kennedy Knuckles Edmond Limon Jesus Llanes Megan Loehr Michael Lorenz Ismael Miller Juan Monroy Ian Morgan Kelsey Murphy Aishwarya Nair Jeannine Palacios Samuel Protich Fabian Quintana

Paula Redman Jessica Rein Jarod Roach Nicolas Robinson Thane Rosette Hagi Ruiz Lopez Steven Salazar Jack Schoettimer Adam Shoemaker Michael Shulby * Samantha Smith Nam Hoai Tran Niomi Tsingine Tiffany Varadi Nolan Weinstein Carolina White Miranda White *Honor Students


18 • The Daily Wildcat

News • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

News • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

The Daily Wildcat • 19 UPPER LEFT: At 12:52 p.m. EDT on Sept. 22, the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft came within 10,711 miles of Antarctica before following a route north over the Pacific Ocean. The spacecraft is on a flight path to the astroid Bennu to collect samples. (Photo by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center/University of Arizona) LOWER LEFT: Close friends of Christiana “Chrissy” Duarte, who was killed in the Las Vegas shooting, cry as they watch a slideshow dedicated to Chrissy’s life at her memorial service hosted by the Arizona Zeta Omicron chapter of Sigma Kappa sorority at Greek Heritage Park, Oct. 10. (Photo by Courtney Talak/The Daily Wildcat) UPPER MIDDLE: Protestors hold up their signs at the 2017 SlutWalk, an annual event that protests against rape culture and sexual harassment. (Photo by Sofia Moraga/The Daily Wildcat) LOWER MIDDLE: Protesters shout in unison during the pro-DACA protest following the announcement of the Obama-era acts cancellation by the Trump administration on Sept. 5 in front of Old Main. (Heather Newberry/The Daily Wildcat) UPPER RIGHT: Construction underway for the new Honors Complex, located on Park Ave. on Dec. 3. The complex, which met final approval before the Board of Regents during their Sept. 29 meeting, is scheduled to be complete by the beginning of the Fall 2019 semester. (Photo by Sofia Moraga/The Daily Wildcat) LOWER RIGHT: “Brother” Dean Saxton speaks on campus on Sept. 28 for the first time since last year, when he was banned for assaulting a student in September of 2016. (Photo by Pascal Albright/The Daily Wildcat)


20 • The Daily Wildcat

Arts & Life • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

Music has not devolved, more available than ever OPINION


BY ALEC SCOTT @DailyWildcat

usic has always been the darling of mankind, recorded music goes as far back as hymns carved in clay from the 14th century B.C. all the way up to digital recordings swiped from streaming websites today. Referred to by the psychologist Steven Pinker as “auditory cheesecake,” what’s not to love about a good song? Music puts us to sleep, it helps us study and it gets us through the day regardless of what’s on our plate. Mankind’s love affair with music of all kinds has lasted millenia, and now is no different. Edison Research put out a study that showed that the average American listened to “four hours of music each day,” a figure that includes actively choosing songs as well as background music on the radio in your car or at home. So if Americans love music as much today as ever before, then why are we hearing so many reports of music getting worse? Just by asking your parents, you could probably hear all you need to know on the failings of the modern music industry. From mind-numbing lyrics, simple tunes, catchy choruses, to a lack of innovation, it seems music plateaued years ago and we are simply living in the wake of its height. Even the Smithsonian has gotten in on the fight, putting out an article based on a report finding that music has decreased in variety and sounds more homogenous now than ever before. Pop songs nowadays are all rehashes of the same four chords and general principles,

differing only in which chorus is chosen to bring the brain-dead audience into another concert or to buy another over-simplified album that can barely stand on its own. But of course that’s complete nonsense. While top-50 hits may be more alike today than in the past, that says absolutely nothing about the state of music in general. Top-50 hits have always been take-it-or-leave-it at best, anyway, with countless songs from the ‘50s, ‘60s, ‘70s and ‘80s all sounding as if they are all using the same trends to make a quick buck. So when was music at its best? As soon as you ask that question, everything falls apart. Was music best in the ‘70s, when people got so sick of the music scene in general that an entire new genre of punk rock was invented to reject what came before? Was music at its zenith in the ‘60s, when parents were complaining about how loud and mindless the Beatles, David Bowie, the Doors and the Rolling Stones were? Or was it in the ‘50s, when musicians seemed to be in a competition with each other on who could steal the most tunes to produce the same safe rock song that could be played to parents and kids alike? According to the article quoted by the Smithsonian, this decrease in quality and complexity began in 1955, which would make every successive generation of music following “Rock Around the Clock” less complex and undeserving of artistic credibility. The problem with looking at music in the past is that all the bad is lost to time, while all the good remains in our collective memories. No one wants to remember how simple the song progressions of the Beatles were, or just how safe 1950s rock is to our ears, but we can’t ignore the failings of music when it’s being blasted at every corner of every street and on every advertisement.

I don’t want to defend every song on the radio. I don’t often listen to the top-50 hits, not out of some high brow disgust of music that can be enjoyed by the people around me, but because they normally aren’t for me. I prefer to listen to music from the ‘80s and ‘90s, especially lo-fi garage rock and postpunk, but if anyone asked me if I thought music peaked after Pavement’s Slanted and Enchanted in 1992, it would be an adamant no. The beauty of this day and age is that we no longer need to listen to the radio to expand our taste in music. I don’t touch the AM/FM radio on my car; instead, I stream music through Pandora, Last. FM or any other online radio that seems interesting. I can choose which genre I want to listen to, skip the songs I don’t and I don’t spend the rest of the day brooding that an album I like isn’t being played next to Kanye West or Katy Perry. Our options today are so numerous and open-ended that any inability to find a song that is right for you is a failure on your part. We have, at our fingertips, the ability to listen to any song or album and find music away from what disc-jockeys want to play for us. At any point in time, I can decide to find something from any decade that I have never heard before, something that was never so readily available to people in the days before the internet. I count myself lucky to have been born in this time of such a healthy and expansive music industry, where individuals can make a name for themselves independently or through the major labels and I can find music for myself without feeling superior or threatened by the taste of others. —Alec Scott is a sophomore music enthusiast studying political science and German studies

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The Daily Wildcat • 21

Arts & Life • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

Local vinyl community grows Vinyl records are becoming more popular in Tucson as local record shops spread throughout the city BY VICTORIA PEREIRA @vguardie917

How do you listen to music? A few decades ago, it would be commonplace to have a collection of eight-tracks or cassettes with all the best tunes. More recently, CDs were the way to go, and many people still hold onto their favorite digital music discs. The most popular digital music methods of the modern era are streaming services like Spotify and Apple Music or downloadable files that allow one to carry thousands of songs in their back pocket. Some listen to their music digitally, and some listen to vinyl. Despite the popularity of digital, Tucson has a strong vinyl record community. The love for the format has brought collectors out of the woodwork and caused shops to open all over town. From the Zia Record Exchange chain to independent shops like Wooden Tooth Records and Old Paint Records, the passion for vinyl is strong in Tucson. “In a world where things seem to get more and more digital and more and more minimalized every day, it’s cool to sit down with a vinyl record,” said Billy Englert, the Zia Records Tucson store manager. “I think it’s a more active way to listen to music.” Zia has storefronts in Phoenix and Las Vegas in addition to their Tucson location. The Tucson shop has been around since 1992 and has ridden out all the market changes and fluctuations in vinyl interest. Many record stores in town have a large stock of used vinyl provided by the numerous resell customers, but some feature new records. Zia has a particularly large stock with reissues and remasters of iconic albums, previously unreleased tracks and new albums from current bands. With so much variety among the record stores in town, their clientele spans all generations, backgrounds and tastes. “You’ll see families come


RECORDS FOR SALE AT Old Paint Records. There are many vinyl record stores in Tucson, including Zia Records, Wooden Tooth Records and Old Paint Records.

in,” Englert said. “You’ll have grandma, grandpa, mom, dad, young kids and all of them are digging around in the vinyl section.” Kellen Fortier, co-owner of Wooden Tooth Records, said Tucson Magnet High School students from down the street and collectors in their 60s are just some of the customers who visit the shop on a typical day. Like the students who are now his customers, Fortier discovered his love for records as a teenager when he began listening to his mother’s collection. After his uncle gave him his first record, Fortier was hooked. Two years ago, Fortier and his co-owner, Jacob Sullivan, decided to turn their passion

into a business and have been a staple in the vinyl community ever since. While every story is unique, each record store owner shares a passion for the medium. Having a store where they can buy and sell those records gives them a place to share their love of music with others and perpetuate the vinyl they treasure. “My favorite thing is just talking about music with people, nerding out about stuff,” said Lana Rebel, one of the owners of Old Paint Records. Rebel said one of the regulars to the shop is a lover of James Brown and ‘60s soul music, which is something Rebel and her co-owner, Kevin Mayfield, have in common. “He’s one of the only people

that we can just sit here and riff about stuff with,” Rebel said. “It’s so fun to be like, ‘Oh my god, that record’s amazing’ and ‘did you hear that one song because it’s so good.’” Currently located in the Old Town Artisans plaza, Old Paint opened three years ago after Rebel and Mayfield noticed the lack of independent record stores in Tucson and decided to take the matter into their own hands. The vinyl community continued to grow after Old Paint’s opening. PDQ Records reopened, Wooden Tooth was established, Desert Island

opened their doors and countless second-hand shops in town now have vinyl sections. There are even groups like Lathe Cuts, a co-op record cutting group that custom-cuts records for bands from around the world. Some of their projects, like Bailey Moses’ lathe-cut record zines, can be found at some of the shops in town. “Everyone’s kind of back into vinyl or just into vinyl depending on your age,” Fortier said. “You have something to hold and look at, and with the physical act of switching the sides, it just feels good, and I think people have caught onto that.”



Arts & Life • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

22 • The Daily Wildcat

Congratulates our Winter 2017 Graduates Outstanding Departmental Seniors Sara Harders, Biosystems Engineering Gabriel Mitchell, Civil Engineering David Hung, Electrical & Computer Engineering Adam New, Mechanical Engineering Enrique Silva, Mining Engineering Andrea Parber, Systems Engineering

Outstanding Graduate Students Christoph Hader, Aerospace Engineering Song Gao, Agricultural & Biosystems Engineering Jeff Watson, Biomedical Engineering Sarah Moore, Chemical Engineering Warren Kadoya, Environmental Engineering Abduljabar Al-Sayoud, Materials Science & Engineering Arman Dabiri, Mechanical Engineering Gaurav Gupta, Mining, Geological & Geophysical Engineering Byungho Beak, Systems & Industrial Engineering

Engineering Ambassadors Jacob Garlant, Biomedical Engineering Giuseppe Lo Voi, Electrical & Computer Engineering Ana Rapalo-Padilla, Civil Engineering

Graduates with a PhD in Engineering Aerospace & Mechanical Engineering Nima Jamilpour Jeffrey H. Koessler Emile Suehiro Agricultural & Biosystems Engineering Said Attalah Song Gao George Khawam Katherine Klug

Chemical Engineering Ruochen Han Mingrui Zhao

Electrical & Computer Engineering Tzyy-Juin Kao Li Li Sree Ramya Surya Prabha Malladi Abhishek Pandey Terrance Pat

Civil Engineering & Engineering Mechanics Hwee Hwang Mohammad Rafat Sadat

Materials Science & Engineering Abduljabar Qassem Al Sayoud Fangyuan Gai

Biomedical Engineering Shellie S. Knights-Mitchell Robin Emily Sweeney Michael Valdez

Mining, Geological & Geophysical Engineering Mohammad Hadi Mehranpour Sr. Systems & Industrial Engineering Byungho Beak Dmitry Chernikov STEVEN SPOONER/THE DAILY WILDCAT

PUNK BAND STARVING WOLVES ends its set paving the way for another band, Dayglo Abortions, to take the stage. “I’m so glad to be touring with Dayglo and for them to have taken us under their wing,” David said.

Graduates with a Master of Science in Engineering Aerospace Engineering Tanner S. Campbell Corrianne Lamkin Aerospace Systems (M. Eng.) Noureldyn Al Zein Luc Arseguel Alan Boulard Adrien Bouskela Nicolas Braconnier Maxime Cade Jordan Corinus Jules Garot Romain Jacob Bastien Muller Quentin Phoudiah Theodora Eleonore Reguigne Cindie Tresamini Agricultural & Biosystems Engineering James E. Thornton Jr.

Civil Engineering & Engineering Mechanics Grecia Falcon Andrew Walcker Electrical & Computer Engineering Nasser Salem Albalawi Prithvi Veeramalai Annadurai Whit Bennett Andrew Byron Keeley Jeanne Eppley Criswell Christopher Demel-Alcala Yawei Ding Uriel Francisco Garcia Andrew M. Gardner Amit Juneja Qasim Mahmood Bhanu Prakash Meka Bargav Munusamy-Sampath Jason Reed Nottingham Michel Prince-Mensah Adam Raterink James Michael Ringle

Electrical & Computer Engineering Gregory Romero Veronika Leonidovna Salcido Benjamin Shelley Jeffry T. Skinner Giresse Tchegho Kamwa Noel Hagos Teku John Daniel Teran Francis Tyson Thomas Yao-Huei Tseng Richard Dulovic Wilson Frederick Zhishuan Yen Jue Zhang Engineering Management Kamal Al-Kalbani Jason Anthony Dahar Danny Huy Do Jose Pilar Gonzalez Jr. Yinwei Zhang Environmental Engineering Sarah Elizabeth Neely

Industrial Engineering Brianne E. Noriega Materials Science & Engineering Tarlton Verle Ferrin Ethan Kral Amy SumYee Ng Yusuke Watanabe Mechanical Engineering Nicholas Frederick Collison Javier T. Salido Jr. Chad Allen Wenn Mining & Geological Engineering (M.Eng.) Jing Liu Systems Engineering Jeffrey Arthur Calhoun James A. M. Mertz Aaron M. Petras Justin Steven Teuscher

Graduates with a Bachelor of Science in Engineering Aerospace Engineering Muhammad Azri Abd Rahim Kevin David Mueller Biomedical Engineering Alex Kenneth Burton Jacob Adam Garlant Biosystems Engineering Alexis Elizabeth Corrion Sara Jane Harders Hailey Marie Ogren Emma Noel Skidmore Civil Engineering Ian Michael Barr Camden Lewis Buechler Brian Alexander Loev Zachary James Mcpherson Gabriel Simon Mitchell Ana Rapalo-Padilla Aton Shabazz-Bey Max Jonah Simon Siew Wen Wong Electrical & Computer Engineering David Benjamin Anderson Brett C. Bushnell

Electrical & Computer Engineering Nicholas M. Carter Daniel Lawrence Davis Rogelio Daniel Delgadillo Leah Paige Feltham Rohin Galhotra Kyler Fong Gee David Hung Jared Huss Nigel Baier Kapoor Giuseppe Lo Voi Riley Joseph Magsino Heidi Lynn McCook Bradley Jarrett Nees Matthew Gregory Nielsen Milap Maheshkumar Patel Peter Hung Quach Ricardo Ramirez Andres David Rebeil Daniel Steven Small Kyle Lee Tatum Ross Tharp Naomi Alejandra Vera Maria Colette Walshe Samantha Jean Wareing Martin Poy Wong

Engineering Management Baldemar Audeves Martinez Ryan Arthur Bouchard Brian Kelly Adrianna Marie Ortiz-Flores Bradley Michael Roybal Pengyu Sun Miguel Angel Vasquez Industrial Engineering Thomas Joseph Deranek Ziqiang Wang, Materials Science & Engineering Jesse Boettger Laura Jeanne Haferkamp Zheng Qu Mechanical Engineering Lisa K. Bennett Connor Joseph Bowe Tiancheng Dai Brandon Cy Doty Jim Andrew Encinas Colin James Figgins David Alexander Greif Zachary Tyler Hamilton Andrew Bryan Hartman

Mechanical Engineering Mingjie Li David Wayne Malboeuf Johann Karl Meister Irene Paulina Moreno Stephen Murray Adam Michael New Adam Jacob Raabe Eduardo A. Ramirez Lopez Robert Steven Rystrom Isaiah Brandon Strong Kevin Kenneth Vock Michael Richard White Maurissa Nicole Wortham Qiang Zhang Zheng Zhou Mining Engineering Brian Dale Asplund Jorge Alberto Barrera Anthony Louis Ponce Enrique Silva Systems Engineering Michael Dean Hailwood Christopher Jason Horinek Andrea Milena Parber Regdy Fabian Vera Caicedo

Note: This list does not include students who applied for graduation late or who were updated from a previous term.

Punk, Tucson’s lost music A Daily Wildcat photographer writes on his experience covering a punk concert in Tucson BY STEVEN SPOONER @DailyWildcat

It’s been a while since I’d been to a punk show in Tucson. The Rat Trap got shut down, and Skrappy’s hasn’t done anything since 2016. So when I finally heard about a bar hosting Dayglo Abortions, I couldn’t pass it up. In front of the venue, House of Bards, was a white van, pulling a small twowheel trailer behind it. There, among the familiar sight of big, colored hair, were people unloading band equipment. There was a sign saying to enter from the north entrance, but I was already on the south and the door was open for gear to be brought it, so I walked in. No one yelled at me, or even looked twice. It was a good feeling to be able to roam around freely and take pictures. No strict security was watching me, forcing me to stand in a certain place for a certain number of songs. I asked Alice Noiret, the bar manager, where punk is being played these days. “We’re kinda the only one going on now,” she said. She introduced me to John Bujak, the owner. He was middle-aged with long, blond hair and a band T-shirt on. Bujak was polite and open with me about photographing the show. He struck me as someone who genuinely cares about the

music he hosts at the venue. “I don’t know what happened [to the punk scene in Tucson], if it had to do with the remodeling downtown,” John said. “They just don’t want it down there anymore; that’s just what I saw.” In conjunction with the bar is a music shop just next to it, which Bujak also owns. The show was well done as far as punk shows go. The music was loud, players were yelling at the audience and the crowd was moshing and screaming right back. What stood out about the show, and this isn’t uncommon for punk, is how much the whole scene cared for itself. The bands in the lineup were usually right up front losing it during the playing band’s set. I saw one of the singers for the local punk band Upstart 33 hugging the lead singer of Starving Wolves while both of them yelled the lyrics. The other singer was moshing behind him. While you feel the music reverberating off your chest and you’re sweating from being so close to a bunch of weirdos with bad haircuts and spiked clothing, what you leave with is an overwhelming sense of belonging. For me, this feeling came during the chorus of Starving Wolves’ “We Are One”: “We are one in opposition with everyone. The threat of violence on every shore.”

The Daily Wildcat • 23

Arts & Life • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

do you want... answers to your ques�ons about sex and rela�onships

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What do you do if you walk in on your roommate? Let’s face it: Accidentally walking in on your roommate during a romantic moment is awkward – but it happens. If you share a room, house, or apartment, you can appreciate the fact that a big part of the bargain is balancing privacy, personal space, and boundaries. And while a “walk in” pretty much violates all of these, you shouldn’t let a few unfortunate seconds define the rest of the relationship.

OK, so this first part is obvious, but it’s worth mentioning. If you walk in on your roommate, make sure you walk out just as fast – and a simple parting “sorry” probably wouldn’t hurt to show it was unintentional. But then what? Sometimes it’s not the event itself that creates a problem, but the fact that we don’t talk about it. At the first good opportunity, bring up the faux pas and openly address it. This is one of those times in life that you will likely “laugh about later,” though it may feel anything but funny after the incident.

Humor is actually not a bad way to deal with the awkwardness, provided you and your roommate are on the same page and are both okay with making light of the situation. Just make sure that it’s just between the two of you, since your roomie (or their partner) may not be comfortable with you sharing the episode with others.

Last but not least, you’ll want to talk to your roommate(s) about how you can avoid something similar from happening again. If things are pretty informal, you may need to institute a “knock first and wait” policy for the bedrooms. As you can imagine, knocking then immediately opening the door isn’t very effective. You may also need to talk about designating the bedrooms as the only approved places for intimacy. If you’re sharing a room in the residence hall, try placing a rubber band or sock on the doorknob – or some other cue that signals “do not enter.” Although no one wants to be “sexiled” – it’s better than the alternative.

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Wildcats restore order, upset No. 7 Texas A&M Wildcats finally figure out defense to defeat the Aggies in a pivotal non-conference win BY SAUL BOOKMAN @Saul_Bookman

PHOENIX— If redemption was in play for the Arizona men’s basketball team on Tuesday night against No.7 Texas A&M, they got it in unusual fashion at Talking Stick Arena in Phoenix as they upset the Aggies 67-64 and restored order to their own domain. The win improves the Wildcats record to 6-3, while Texas A&M suffers their first loss, dropping to 7-1. “I thought it was a high level basketball game, both teams fought hard,” said Texas A&M head coach Billy Kennedy. “But the first five minutes of the second half when the team fouls were 6-1, that was to our disadvantage … we put them on the line too many times.” The method was simple, though it wasn’t carried out effectively enough for Arizona head coach Sean Miller this season, defense … defense … defense. They finally got it and just in time for perhaps their biggest non-conference win of the year. The Wildcats were able to hold Texas A&M scoreless in spurts throughout the game and keep as well as limiting the damage from duo tall men Robert Williams and Tyler Davis. Davis did his part in carrying the offensive load scoring 21 points for the Aggies but down the stretch crucial plays were made to prevent Texas A&M from coming out on top for the second year in a row, one of them being a traveling call against Davis with A&M down by just two points and seven seconds left in the game. “They were just double-teaming me on different possessions on and off, and coach was just calling plays to get me the ball,” Davis said. “I was just trying to take what they were giving me and make the right basketball play … We knew it was going to be a high level basketball game.” Several players played above their season averages to help aid the lower production from Allonzo Trier and Deandre Ayton. Dylan


ARIZONA GUARD PARKER JACKSON-CARTWRIGHT dribbles past Texas A&M’s T.J. Starks in Talking Stick Arena on Dec. 5. Arizona beat Texas A&M with a score of 67-64.

Smith had production off the bench that helped Arizona in a big way. With Trier and Ayton combining for 20 points, roughly half their season average combined, Smith, Dusan Ristic and Brandon Randolph made up the difference contributing 13 points apiece. “I thought this was our best defensive effort of the year,” Miller said. “…I think we continue to progress from maybe the team we were in the Bahamas.” Parker Jackson-Cartwright was

also key down the stretch. Perhaps the biggest shot of the game with just under two minutes left as Trier slipped and tossed the ball to Jackson-Cartwright wide open in the corner. The senior settled in and hit a huge three that gave Arizona a lead they wouldn’t give up. The final stat difference may have been the performance at the free throw line. Arizona shot the ball 24 times from the charity stripe, making 20, while the Aggies only attempted 10, making seven. Arizona came out slow as Texas

A&M started 4-for-4 to try and take control the game, it didn’t last long. The Wildcats and Aggies would find themselves in the midst of several runs against each other and end up tight at the half at 3129 in favor of Texas A&M. The runs would ebb and flow throughout the game until the waning moments. For Arizona, in the early going it looked like a lot of the same kind of things that got them in trouble to start the season, defensive breakdowns and lack of continuity on offense. They cleaned it up

quickly to go on a 9-0 run and take the lead by 6. The Aggies were able to reestablish themselves in the paint in stretches but their outside shot disappeared in the second half, mainly shooter DJ Hogg. Hogg was a reliable scorer from the outside for the Aggies but shot just five times, hampered by foul trouble and chipping in just nine points. Arizona will take a deep breath before returning home to face a tough Alabama team in McKale on Saturday night.

26 • The Daily Wildcat

Sports • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

GymCats showcase preseason skills BY SYRENA TRACY @syrena_tracy

Strength, flexibility and skill are what the University of Arizona gymnastic team brought to the floor during their annual 2017 GymCat Showcase at McKale Center on Tuesday, Dec. 5. “I thought the showcase was really good,” said head coach John Court. “The team was obviously nervous, but they were excited and nerves are good this time of year.” Although it was a time for the Wildcats to give a sneak peek for the 2018 season, the showcase was an opportunity for the freshman GymCats to get a feel for what it is like to be under the bright lights at McKale. “We’ve been training really hard for the past few months and it is good to just come out and do our routines for the first time to get all those nerves out before the first meet,” said freshman Payton Bellows. Freshman including Bellows, Sydney Freidin, Laura Leigh Horton and Adra Parks performed on all events. Freidin performed a solid routine on the beam followed by Bellows. Horton and Parks tumbled through the showcase on floor. “It was their first time in McKale and it takes time to get used to things, all four went to an area that they specialize in.,” Court said. “Peyton is a fantastic vaulter, Adra is a very artist floor worker and


UA GYMNAST VICTORIA ORTIZ strikes a pose on the balance beam during the GymCats Showcase on Dec. 5 in McKale Center.

Laura Leigh provides some quality and depth on floor.” Returning to redeem themselves from last season is the sophomore class, which includes Christina Berg, Courtney Cowles, Jenny Leung, Maddi Leydin and Heather Swanson. The sophomores performed solid

skills throughout the showcase and are optimistic about the 2018 season. “They did more. I think people were surprised. Courtney is a fabulous floor worker and that’s the first floor routine she has done in three years,” Court said. “We saw what Christina Berg can do on

uneven bars and she will be one of the best gymnasts in the conference. Heather and Maddi are both very good valuters.” The crowd showed excitement for the returning junior GymCats Haylie Hendrickson, Lauryn Mattson and Danielle Spencer. The juniors showed new skills that they have been working on for the past twomonths. Seniors Madison Cindric, Victoria Ortiz and Kennady Schneider brought the most experience to the floor and helped guide the freshman through the showcase. Fans didn’t see Ortiz showcase her bar routine due to a small injury in the preseason. “It’s not Vic’s first time in McKale,” Court said. “She is a veteran and an AllConference athlete. She’ll be ready to go the first meet.” Both Cindric and Schneider are team captains this season along with Berg. For Schneider, Court sees that senior leadership role as someone that the team can rely on when performing on bars, beam and floor. “Moving forward we will do some open gym and resume practice on Dec. 27th. We have from the 27th to Jan. 5 to get ready and we fully expect to be first meet ready,” Court said. The GymCats open up the 2018 season with a quad meet against Denver, Rutgers and New Hampshire at McKale Center on Saturday, Jan. 6 at 4 p.m.






The Office of Instruction and Assessment (OIA) would like to recognize and congratulate student worker Gilberto M. Valdez, Jr. on earning his Bachelor of Science in Business Administration with a major in Management Information Systems. Gilberto came to work for OIA in 2015. We quickly learned that he has a stellar wit, a great work ethic, and many skills that enhanced our multimedia team. We are proud of all the successes Gilberto has worked for during his academic career. We are so very excited to see where he goes in life. His future is bright! We will miss you Gilberto!

congratulations TO OUR STUDENT WORKERS

Bachelor of General Studies Bachelor of Arts in Global Studies

Wishing our graduates all the best in their future goals and endeavors!

Jacob Rothenberg (Computer Science)

for your graduation achievement!

McKenna Braun (Public Health)

Rachel Abraham (Public Health)


Sports • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

The Daily Wildcat • 27


Arizona ‘excited’ for Fosters Farms Bowl BY ALEC WHITE @AlecWhite_UA

For the fifth time in six seasons under head coach Rich Rodriguez, Arizona football is going bowling. On Sunday, the team was selected to participate in the Foster Farms Bowl against Purdue (6-6) on Dec. 27 at Levi’s Stadium in Santa Clara, California. Arizona (7-5, 5-4) will have a chance to win its fourth bowl game since 2012 and end the season with eight wins, an amount the Wildcats have only reached five times since 2000. The consensus from the team about the bowl selection was a mix of relief and joy at its annual awards banquet. “We’re extremely excited,” said safety Demetrius Flannigan-Fowles. “It was great for the seniors and great for this program to turn it around and get a bowl game.” Although Arizona has not participated in the Foster Farms Bowl in school history, Rich Rodriguez thinks very highly of the chance to play in the game. It’s

certainly a step above the New Mexico Bowl that the UA has played in years past. “[We’re] very appreciative that it’s an outstanding bowl, a great opponent from certainly a great league and our guys are excited about it,” Rodriguez said. The team found out about its bowl placement Sunday afternoon in a familiar setting: the football field. “We found out right after practice,” said cornerback Jace Whittaker. “And everybody was excited. I mean, we are going to a bowl game. We missed out on it last year, so it’s a great feeling.” The Wildcats had a rough end to the regular season with a loss to Arizona State in the Territorial Cup and the team admits that the loss didn’t sit well with them. “Oh man, it’s a bad taste in our mouth,” Whittaker said. “I wish we could start next year right now.” Luckily, the Wildcats still have one more game to go to end the year on a high note and will have ample time to prepare for the matchup. That means more bodies will be healthy, and that includes quarterback Khalil Tate. Rodriguez said the sophomore sensation is “good

to go” against Purdue after suffering a left shoulder injury in the first half against ASU. A game during the holiday season will also be a chance for several California natives on this year’s squad to visit with its families. Wide receiver Tony Ellison, who grew up just a couple hours north of Santa Clara, said he plans on visiting with family at some point during the trip. “It’s going to be a really good experience. I haven’t seen them since the Cal game,” Ellison said. The scheduling of the bowl will put Arizona in the national spotlight for one of the few times this season. Most of UA’s games have been either late at night or on the Pac-12 Network, sometimes both. This time around, the Foster Farm’s Pac-12 versus Big-10 affair will air on a FOX national broadcast and kick off at 6:30 p.m. local time. “We’re fortunate they picked us,” Rodriguez said. “I told the team a couple weeks ago: They’re all good. I haven’t been to any bad bowl games. It’s nice to be wanted.”

28 • The Daily Wildcat

Advertisement • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

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The Daily Wildcat • 29

Sports • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

Hockey takes back the Cactus Cup BY CORY KENNEDY @corykennedy_DW

For the second time in as many games, the Arizona men’s hockey team dismantled in-state rival ASU, beating the Sun Devils 6-1 at the Tucson Convention Center and securing the Cactus Cup by winning the season series on Saturday. “It feels unbelievable, I’m speechless. Our freshman year we lost eight games in a row to these guys,” said defensemen Orion Olsen. “We lost a lot of games to this team, but we kept fighting and stuck to it throughout the years. We got a team now that took it to ‘em, and it feels great.” The ‘Cats played the Sun Devils both Friday and Saturday night coming out on top in both games. Emotions were running high with chippy play starting early in the game. The previous game ended with a brawl between both teams, and it was evident tempers were still running hot. Arizona forward Ethan

Stahlhuth got things going with the first goal of the game. Stahlhuth had the puck with little pressure behind him and, with a flick of the wrist, put the ‘Cats up 1-0. After about 10 minutes without a goal from either side, Arizona’s Griffin Dyne put the ‘Cats up 2-0 with a hard onetimer. By the end of the first, the score remained 2-0 Arizona. The second period brought a pair of goals for the Wildcats as their hot streak continued. With a little more than 12 minutes left in the second period, Josh Larson buried the puck in the net for the Wildcats’ third goal of the night. Less than five minutes later, Tyler Griffith scored for the ‘Cats, making it 4-0 Arizona. Tempers started to flare and both teams got more physical as penalties were handed out left and right. Arizona State got their first goal on the board with a power play goal with 2:48 left in the second to make it 4-1 Arizona. Another goal for Arizona came by way of Justin Plumhoff



THE ARIZONA HOCKEY TEAM cheers as they hold up the Cactus Cup, after winning against rival Arizona State on Dec. 2.

Congratulations and Best Wishes to all of the Fall 2017 Graduates in the College of Science! Please join us in recognizing the following students for their outstanding achievements.

College of Science Outstanding Senior Award Genesis Georgina Hernandez Speech, Language & Hearing Sciences

Departmental Outstanding Senior Awards


Lior Attias Computer Science

Elizabeth Hannah Mathematics

Yiheng Xu Physics

Sarah White Ecology & Evolutionary Biology

Elizabeth Vuong Molecular & Cellular Biology

Eli Ramirez Psychology

Symone Whitney Banks

Michael Shulby

Erin Gray Hydrology & Atmospheric Sciences

Chrysta Andrade Neuroscience & Cognitive Science

Genesis Georgina Hernandez Speech, Language & Hearing Sciences

Jordan Browning

Alexander Valles

Lindsey Lundberg

Colin Widner

Brandon Miura-Akagi

Cadence Williams

UA Science Ambassadors These students are selected to represent their department due to their high level of academic achievement, undergraduate research projects and outstanding leadership qualities. In addition, UA Science Ambassadors have distinguished themselves through their service to the College of Science in recruitment and outreach activities.

Sarah White Ecology & Evolutionary Biology

Erin Gray Hydrology & Atmospheric Sciences

Yiheng Xu Physics

Symone Banks Speech, Language & Hearing Sciences

Jessica Mardis

30 • The Daily Wildcat

Wildcats full of noise to wrap up

Sports • Wednesday, December 6 | Final Fall Issue


Sports • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

The Daily Wildcat • 31

UPPER LEFT: Arizona assistant coach Emanuel ‘Book’ Richardson was arrested on corruption and fraud charges by the FBI on Sept. 26, in what is expected to be one of the largest scandals in collegiate sports. Richardson plead not guilty and currently on paid leave. (Photo by Simon Asher/ The Daily Wildcat) LOWER LEFT: The Arizona women’s soccer team had one of the best seasons in school history, advancing to the second round of the NCAA Tournament after beating TCU. (Photo by Sean Gundu/The Daily Wildcat) UPPER MIDDLE: Freshman sensation Deandre Ayton made his debut against Northern Arizona, scoring 19 points and hauling in 12 rebounds. (Photo by Simon Asher/The Daily Wildcat) LOWER MIDDLE: Arizona football head coach Rich Rodriguez started the season on the hot seat; after a 7-5 campaign and an invitation to the Foster Farms Bowl, he has solidified his position on campus for next season. (Photo by Heather Newberry/The Daily Wildcat) UPPER RIGHT: Khalil Tate took college football by storm becoming the first quarterback in Pac-12 history to rush for 1,000 yards. He was also in the conversation for the most prestigious award for any position, the Heisman Trophy. (Photo by Heather Newberry/The Daily Wildcat) LOWER RIGHT: The Arizona hockey team swept ASU through four games to secure the Cactus Cup for the 2017 season. They are currently 16-6 and at No. 1 in the Western Collegiate Hockey League standings. (Photo by Simon Asher/The Daily Wildcat)

32 • The Daily Wildcat

Sports • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

Men’s club soccer head coach Erick Rhodes provides thoughts on the 2017 season BY MAX COHEN @maxcohen_dw

The University of Arizona men’s club soccer team won the 2017 NIRSA National Tournament Open finishing 14-8-1 during its 2017 season. I sat down with head coach Erik Rhodes to discuss the season. Daily Wildcat: To start off, if you could describe your season in one word, what would that be? Coach Erik Rhodes: Uneven. I think it showed our guys that we had the ability to compete and win at the highest level. We beat really good teams that had good runs in the National Tournament in San Diego. And for a three or four game stretch, again in a couple of days, we just played solid soccer and won games flowing to another. Where we struggled over the rest of the season was we would have games like that on back to back weeks and not back to back days. DW: So do you think your team was better than what your record showed? ER: Oh absolutely, we had a lot of adversity this year. When you lose 13 guys to injury during different times, it’s a big deal. And key players. Will Martin, who is our right wing, played outstanding in the Aztec Cup. And clearly that makes a difference when you have a guy who came and didn’t play, and when he did play we were winning. DW: Can you take me through the National Championship, and the run to the final? ER: So first of all, with any tournament, you got to have a little bit of luck. The tournament was in Phoenix this year, and that played huge for us, because there’s just something to be said about. Some guys would go up and come back in the same day, and slept in their own beds that night. Some stayed up with family. When you’re playing in your home, or home state, or wherever you’re comfortable, there’s just a level of comfort going into that game that makes a difference. Where we were at a disadvantage in the Regional Tournament, we were at a great advantage in the National Tournament. Reach 11, where the tournament was held, many of our guys had played there in club tournaments and high school tournaments, so very familiar with the facility. And just going in, you could see the


THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA men’s club soccer team poses after winning the NIRSA Championship Series.

edge in our guys, you could see the excitement that we hadn’t had in a while. We got some players back from injury. We hadn’t played a game in about three weeks, so they were itching to play. And I’ll tell you what, they came out. We played the University of Colorado, Colorado Springs in the first match, and scored twice in the first 15 minutes, and it was on. I mean, from that point on, for the rest of the tournament, it was the mentality I hoped for all year. Not only did we know we were better, we were going to show we were better. Tournaments like that are always fun because there’s other teams looking at how well you’re playing to back with teams on other fields with other teams, and we scored bunches and bunches of goals. It’s kind of like golf, when you hear a cheer from another hole, kind of like everyone kind of turns and looks around. I mean we scored, you know we won

that game 4-0, and then that same day we won our night game 6-0. We turned some heads for sure that first day, with a goal differential of 10-0. It’s fun because a lot of people are going, ‘oh my gosh, you see Arizona?’ and we were doing the same thing. You know, you’re watching other games going, ‘holy cow, Texas looks good and Xavier looks good’ and all of that, it was a lot of fun. DW: What do you think contributed to your offensive success in your first few games of the tournament? ER: I’ll tell you what, we moved our team MVP, a guy named Karai Keil was voted our team MVP, was playing at right back for us, but due to injury I thought, ‘let’s give him a try at striker’, because he’s got enormous speed, and he’s got the mentality of never quit, and I’m going to beat whoever it is across from me. DW: So going forward, who did you beat in the championship game and

can you take me through that game? ER: So, it’s tough to win at any level. It’s just tough to win, much less six games in three days. I mean you’re playing good teams, guys are tired and you’re making adjustments. So our semifinal match, we played the University of North Carolina, Greensboro. A really good team; really had a lot of pace and got an early goal and hung on, hung on 1-0. Goalkeeper made some great saves. Our defense made one spectacular save off the line. And we advanced to the championship against Texas, the Texas Longhorns. They’re a phenomenal club team. When you look at rosters around the country and how many guys, Texas fields two teams. They field a varsity club team, and a JV club team. They’ve got 57 guys rostered. You’re looking at 57 guys, so their top 11 that they put on the field are going to be pretty good.


The Daily Wildcat • 33

Sports • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

DW: What’s next for Arizona soccer? ER: We got invited to play in the World Club Championship, in San Antonio, Texas. The inaugural World Club Championship, which is going to be championship teams from Mexico, Canada, and the US. We’re excited to play in the inaugural one of that. Again, to see where we stand against some of the other great teams, so, that’ll be exciting for us. And then in the spring we’ll play a few exhibition matches against teams from California. We’re trying to set one up with BYU soccer, which has been a juggernaut since they left D1. And a couple of MLS teams. I can’t announce officially who yet, but we’ll have MLS teams set up for scrimmage exhibitions. And then we’ll do the FC Tucson/Phoenix Rising combination game like we did last year to wrap up the spring.

in a power-play goal to make it 5-1, and things got heated on the ice. A stoppage in front of the Arizona bench led to a pileup of players. Larson and Trey Decker were both ejected from the game for the Wildcats. Despite the banter, the Wildcats never slowed down, continuing to pour onto the Sun Devils as Josh Dickison scored the sixth and final goal, making it 6-1 Arizona with just over two minutes left in the game. “This is a heated rivalry; it’s been going on forever. It’s a playoff atmosphere and a big stage for us,”said Arizona defensemen Sean Ozment. It was a special night in more than one way for Arizona. The Wildcats also retired the jersey of UA hockey legend Kelly Walker. Walker played for the ‘Cats from 1989–1992, winning the team MVP three out of his four years on the team. He holds the UA single season scoring record with over 100 points and is the ACHA Division 1 all-time leader in points and assists. Walker’s number 16 jersey was officially retired during Saturday’s game with a ceremony honoring Walker, who was in attendance. His jersey was the first Arizona hockey jersey to ever be retired. Before Saturday’s game the team also hosted the annual alumni game. Senior Tyler Griffith commented on what it was like to have those alumni back in town. “You can see all the passion in the alumni that were here. All of us felt it from them, and it kind of drove us through the weekend. It’s really nice to do it for them and have the [Cactus Cup] back in our room,” Griffith said. The Wildcats have a break in their schedule for almost a month now and will return to the TCC on Jan. 5. Arizona will play a two-game series against Grand Canyon University. The team said it will use that time to rest and recover after a strong but brutal start to the season. “We went through hell to get to this point,” said Arizona head coach chad Berman. “I’m thinking about the seniors; we have 30-year season ticket holders, so I’m thinking about them. This job’s tough, it’s demanding, so I just wanted this for them and for everybody, it takes a lot to get to this.”




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DW: You talked about how lucky you were to have the tournament in Phoenix, and how comforting it was for a lot of the players to be playing at home. You have a lot of hometown connections, and a lot of connections on the team to Tucson, yourself included. Can you talk about those? ER: Every day, I tell our guys, ‘Remember who we represent.’ We represent the University of Arizona. I was born and raised in Tucson. I’m a huge Wildcat fan, have been my whole life. For me to be able to coach for this school is an absolute dream come true. I love it here, so I hope that a lot of that passions translates. And we try to build on what already exists in Tucson, which is a strong soccer city. I don’t know if a lot of people notice that, but Tucson has had great soccer for many years. I just try to take players from Salpointe and Catalina Foothills that were in great clubs and on great high school teams. And when they stay in Tucson, it gives them a great college experience as well. And it really shows that



We were actually a great matchup with them. It was a lot of fun. I told the guys at halftime, ‘this is a great college soccer game for any level.’ The possession was great. The level of play was outstanding. The intensity was there. So it was one of those, where one goal might do it. And we got an early goal.




Tucson is a viable soccer community, and that Arizona is a viable soccer program that people want to be a part of. And stay home and say, ‘Club or not, I want to play for U of A.’ We’ve built that over the last three years. Guys have done a tremendous job, kind of recruiting their friends, and the kids they played against in school, which has built that into kind of a juggernaut here in Tucson over the last three years, with two conference titles, and now a national title. You know we just want to continue to grow on that, and build with our home town, and the TucsonPhoenix connection that Arizona has.

& TU


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Classifieds • Wednesday, December 6, 2017 | Final Fall Issue

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The Daily Wildcat • 35

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36 • The Daily Wildcat

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In this Issue: The Doctor is in: Robbins inducted, New growth, old box, Grad students walk out and Wildcats redeem themselves against No. 7...