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FUTURE ARTEFACTS ARCHIVE

INFORMATION CENTRE & ARCHIVE OF REPLACED LANDSCAPE WEI-KAI, CHU UNIT 11 DESIGN REALISATION Y4, 2017/2018

DESIGN TUTORS DR TUTOR

LAURA ALLEN MARK SMOUT RHYS CANNON

STRUCTURAL CONCULTANT

STEPHEN FOSTER

ENVIRONMENTAL CONSULTANT

HARETH POCHEE

MODULE LEADERS

PEDRO GIL DIRK KROLIKOWSKI


PREFACE 0.0 Future Artefacts Archive

The building project augment on the notion of the ďŹ rst approach of National Reserve . At the ďŹ rst approach of National Reserve , the action aimed on recording the disappearing image of natural environment which has been replaced by the new estate development in Lea Valley. The Lea Valley Landscape protection act 1966 has been challenged by the housing issues in London and some areas has started being given out to the estate development. The boundary markers were proposed to be planted throughout the Lea Valley area to record and document the potential disappearing landscape, such as marshland, agriculture farms, forests. The images and documentation facilitated the emergence of the Future Artefacts which is the representation of those disappeared landscape in the future. Thus, the second approach of National Reserve introduces an archive for storing these future artefacts. National Trust, EnďŹ eld Council and Tottenham Hale communities are the proposed shareholders to be served by this Future Artefacts Archive. The concept of the building is enlarging the documented future artefacts into architectural scale and translating the objects into the form of the building allowing visitors have more intimate engagement with this preserved landscape memory.

0.1 Boundary Marker / Landscape Memory Recorder (Input)

0.2 Creating Future Archaeological Artefacts (Output)

i. Source The sources are mostly images captured by the boundary markers. Micro ecology, detected artefacts,humanbeings activites, texture of plants will be the main objects in the images

ii. 2D to 3D Crafting In the second phase, images will be sculptured out from 2D to 3D. The picture demontrates how artist Bert Simons extruded the digital images from the portrait photos and challenge the way how we can preserve the memory in our mind.

iii. Artefacts Documenting Different from the conventional archaeological artefacts discovered through excavation, the future artefacts require post-dicovery sculpturinf to materialise the recorded images into tangible form. Nevertheless, the future artefacts will be documented into the identical archaeology data system to preserve the artefacts for the future.

iv. Artefacts Displaying The future artefacts translates the image of our surrounded environment into a obtainable objects which can be stored and exhibited by museums and institutions. Thus, the circulation of the future artefacts will be focus on curating and archiving simultaneously.


CONTENT Section 001 / Building Form, Systems, Planning and Context 1.00 Brief 1.01 Site Context 1.02 Hybrid Mountain / Combination of Nature and Artificiality 1.03 Programme & Organisation 1.04 Building Material 1.05 Soil Recycling Process 1.06 Environmental Conditions & Local Climate 1.07 Environmental Strategy / Earthen Architecture 1.08 Interior Climate and Ambiance Creation 1.09 Structural Strategy II- Rammed Earth

Section 003 / Building Performance 3.00 General Environmental Strategy / Interior Climate Setting 3.01 General Environmental Strategy / Passive Design of Environmental Control 3.02.01 Detailed Method of Environmental Control / Climate for Archives/ Temperature 3.02.02 Detailed Method of Environmental Control / Climate for Archives / Humidity and Ventilation 3.03.01 Detailed Method of Environmental Control / Climate for Services Area / Offices, Café, Workshop / Temperature 3.03.02 Detailed Method of Environmental Control / Climate for Services Area / Offices, Café, Workshop / Temperature 3.04.01 Detailed Method of Environmental Control / Creating Authentic Micro-Climate of Caves. / Temperature

1.10 Structural Strategy III-Pathways & Platforms

3.04.02 Detailed Method of Environmental Control / Creating Authentic Micro-Climate of Caves. / Humidity and Ventilation

1.11 Structural Strategy I- Inflation Concrete

3.05 Lighting Arrangement / Artificial Light and Natural Light

1.12 Façade / Digital Re-Visualisation of Landscape

3.06.01 Water Supply

1.13 M & E

3.06.02 Water Recycling

1.14 Access

3.7 Source of Energy / Operating Artificial Mountain

Section 002 / Building Construction

Section 004 / Buildling Delivery

2.01-1 Material Application

4.01 Building Mountain of Caves

2.01-2 Material Application

4.02 Government Act and Land-use Regulation

2.02-1 Construction Method Application/ Study on Plaster Model

4.03 Roles and Relationships

2.02-2 Construction Method Application/ Site Possession and Raft Foundation

4.04 Building Components Supply and Delivery

2.02-3.1 Construction Method Application/ Pre-Cast Work / Placing Weathering Steel Frames 2.02-3.2 Construction Method Application/ Pre-Cast Work / Placing Adventure and Safety Infrastructure 2.02-3.3 Construction Method Application/ Pre-Cast Work / Pre-Cast Insulation Placement. 2.02-4 Construction Method Application/ Casting Rammed Earth Casting/ Casting Control and principle 2.02-5.1 Construction Method Application/ Pneumatic Concrete/ Half Sphere Concrete Shell 2.02-5.2 Construction Method Application/ Pneumatic Concrete/ Full Sphere Concrete Shell 2.02-6 Construction Method Application / Post-Cast Insulation Placement 2.03.01 Augmented Infrastructure for Adventure/ Ladders and Climbing Tools 2.03.02 Augmented Infrastructure for Adventure/ Hanging Bridge and Pathways

Appendices Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix Appendix

I ‒ GF FLOOR PLAN II ‒ 1F FLOOR PLAN III ‒ 2F FLOOR PLAN IV ‒ L 3F FLOOR PLAN V‒ 3F FLOOR PLAN VI‒ 4F FLOOR PLAN V11 ‒ Section AA V111‒ North Elevation IX‒ South Elevation X‒ East Elevation XI‒ West Elevation


BUILDING FORMS, SYSTEMS AND PLANNING

1. BUILDING FORMS, SYSTEMS AND PLANNING 1.0 Brief

Lea Valley Walk & Camden Plant Sand Supply The site of the building project is proposed at a brownfield area 2.3 mile away from the Tottenham Hale Railway Station, which situated between the Banbury Reservoir and the William Girling Reservoir in north-east London. The existing condition of the site is used as a gravel and construction waste recycling field. The east part of the site is the residential area and commercial area where obtains wholesale store or displaying room of Costco, Audi, PC World. The west side of the site is mostly covered with industrial facilities. The southern side of the site connects to the North Circular Motorway which links the site to the main towns and traffic network. Adjacent to the site, behind the motorway at the south, a new estate development (f,g,) has been designated on the land which represent the sprawling of the East London Regenerating movement starting from Olympic Park development implemented in 2012. This identify the exclusive location of the site where situated on the junction of different urban areas, which we can argue the site represent the encountering point of the clash between built environment and natural context in Lea Valley area. As the result, locating Future Artefacts Archives represents as a buoy to manifest how to reserve the disappearing landscape memory in our modern epoch. Appro.

65%

Excavated Soil will be recycled,

95 % 90%

Estimating Approach to more than

by 2030

of excavated soil and creates a Corss Rail Project has reused retrospective wildlife park in Southend-on-Sea at Essex

Pic(Left,Top) : Our Mutual Friend By Charles Dickens, Painted by EH Dixon in 1837. https://londonist.com/2012/09/londonsrubble

Pic(Left,Down) : The Aggregates Recycled Field

01.b-01 Lea Valley Walk (s:1/10000)

N


1.01 Site Context Master Planning / The Future Artefacts Archive is situated on an undesignated area adjacent to the existing wasted aggregates recycling field (north). In order to connect the greenery and create a continuous landscape for the people who would like to do some activities for leisure, the open space at the ground level is covered with grass and the boundary of the site are formed with trees to make the access of the site easier but softly distinguish the adjacency between surrounding and the site. There are two small bridges are designed for connecting bounds along with rivers, the bridge on the north-west side of the building interlink the building and the west side of the canal River Lea Navigation, the bridge on the east side is a flyover in order to connect the visitors from the east side of River Lea to the main entrance of the building, the flyover allows the existing route of aggregates delivery remained the same and link to the North Circular efficiently. pic a.

1.01-a. General Site Context

Master Plan Scale : 1/400

The site of the project is next to the east side of EcoPark Waste Recycling Industrial Area and adjacent to the warehouses and commercial centre which includes Costco, Retail shop of car companies. The River Lea and Navigation distinctively define the west and east edge of the site, the south side of closely attached to the North Circular Highway of London which is a great convenience to the waste and aggregate delivery for the local industry. The buffer between site and industrial areas are covered significantly with greenery which is an opportunity to create soft boundary between site and the existing landscape.

pic c.

pic d. pic b.

N

A

a.

c.

Industrial Area Residential Area

A

Green Field Water Motorway b.

d

1.01-b. Transportation and Access to the Site pic a. pic b.

BUS 444, LOWER HALL LANE

N

North-West Pathway London Energy / EcoPark Waste Recycling Centre

Camden Plant Ltd.

a.

The major entry to the site for vehicles is on the south side which directly links to the North Circular. The existing driveway linking the aggregates placement field to the south entrance on the site is for trucks to deliver the waste and aggregates. There is a vehicles control point on the south-west of the site which is set up for the Lea Valley Walkway in order to create a vehicles-limited zone for passengers. The site are restricted to the publics currently, if the site is opened in the future, new pathways need to be considered in order to enhance the accessibility to the site. The visitors can travel to the site with the Bus 444 connecting to the railway network.

b.

pic a. pic c.

Navigation Bridge

pic b. pic d.

The Future Artefacts Archive

East Side Flyover

N

Carpark Vehicles Control Point

Site (Currently Unaccessible) a.

c.

North Circular

Trucks Driveway Waterway Walkway River Lea and Navigation

b.

d.

Green Edges of the Site


1.03 Programme & Organisation unpublic archives

public archives

1.

2.

3.

4.

The Feature of presentation in spaces 1. The rock-like surface is used to prsent the artificial reality in the dispaly room which is trying to enhence the engagement of user to the demonstration of the landscape images 2.The scaled the landscape images to impose the image of landscape images to the viewers 3.The Future Artefacts is attached on the 3 dimentional surface to deomstrate the 3D feature of landscape images 4. The items of aritficial landscape in the display room will be curated by different distance to the viewers.

EXIT

EXIT

Archive / Gallery

EXIT

Exit

Cafe

Adventure Point

Reception Toilet Staff Office Workshop


1.04 Building Material Rammed Earth Casting Principle

Formwork Preparation

PreCast Installtion of Components

Cast in earth 25 cm in depth

Composition of Soil Study for Rammed Earth Application

Demoulding

Soil Skeleton Quality

Gravel

Active

Plasticity Stone

Sand Silt

Cohesiveness Clay

Upper Layer Earth Soil

Binder Compatibility

Organic

Demoulding Following with different porpotion of rammed earth, the performance of the material will be different as well

Local Material Application 6. 6C Clean Oversize 1. Gabion Fill 200 ml to 100 ml Crushed Concrete 7. Pipe Bedding 20 ml 2. Road Plannings 50 ml down to dust

8. Pipe Bedding 10 ml 3. 6F2 Crushed Concrete + Hardcore 100 ml to dust 9. Recycled Fill Sand 4. Type 1 Crushed Concrete + Hardcore 50 ml to dust 10. Recycled Sharp Sand 5. Type 3 Crushed Concrete +Hardcore 25 ml to dust 11. Top Soil

These are soil and aggregates recycled by the local soil recycling company, as the result the casting of the building will be on-site construction


1.05 Soil Recycling Process + Construction Sequence The exisiting soil recycling process and the construction of the archivedemonstrates the narrative of how soil has been made into constrution material and become part of the building. After the construction of the building, the building will become a platform to view the delivery peocess and makes the experience more educational.

Exisiting Soil Recycling Process

Construction Sequence

1. Putting in formwork

2. Casting First part of rammed earth until 250cm high and put in the inflated concrete

3. Cast in the second part of rammed earth until 500 cm high

4. Build up form work on the prviously completed layer

5. Putting in the inflated concretestructure

6. Casting in the rammed earth until 1000 cm high

7. Build up form work on the prviously completed layer and cast in rammed earth until 1250 cm high

8. Putting in the inflated concretestructure

9.Casting in rammed earth until 1500 cm high

10 . Build up form work on the prviously completed layer and cast in rammed earth until 1750 cm high

11.Casting in the final part of rammed earth until 2000cm high

12. Removing the formwork


1.02 Hybrid Mountain / Cave Creation in between Nature and Artificiality The building is proposed as a pile of cavernous spaces which embrace the quality of natural caves (pic 1.02-01.) and artificial spaces (pic 1.02-02.) to provide a civic building for archiving and exhibiting the recorded documents of boundary markers simultaneously. The pile of cavernous spaces gives the building project an opportunity to design the structure like a mountain. The mountain is structured by three essential materials to elevate the spaces, which are rammed earth, concrete and weathering steel. The discussion about the nature and artificiality of the mountain will be based on the structural performance, interior microclimate performance and curated openings for ventilation and light conducting. The realisation this mountain focuses on the questioning how an architecture pic 1.102-01 designed as like a mountain but is operated as a functional building.

1. Artificial Material of Cave: Pneumatic Concrete

pic 1.102-02

3. Vertical circulation infrastructure

4. Climbing Infrastructure 2. Sustainable & Natural Material of Cave: Rammed Earth Structure


1.06 Environmental Conditions & Local Climate Environmental Strategy 1. Cavern Vernacula Interior Climate 2. Rammed Earth as Natural Thermal Mass 3. Ventilation holes are put in the North West Side of the building to bring in more air

1.

2.

Entrance to Cafe , a threshold in between outdoor and indoor space. The wind is easy to be conducted through this area due to the quality of space is been designed as a cave

3.

Natural cool air ow through the hidden ventilation pipe and get into the service space like hall way, toilet, cafe.

4.

Hydroscopic Insulation is used to provide an ideal environment for artefacts. (see 3.02.01)

5.

Hydroscopic Insulation will stablise and provide adquate thermal and humidity in the archive spaces .

6.

An electrical control openning is installed in the ventialtion well of the archive space in order to serve some speciďŹ c environemntal requirement and ďŹ re event.

7.

FEBenvironHallway, the mental condition is set up close to the outside weather, the performance will be balnced by the rammed earth structure

8.

9.

Active Ventilation System. Space are monitored in the building and the air will be regulated thorugh out spaces which is connected to the system.

Many envelope spaces are installed in the buildings, not just because the structure, the spaces are also designed as a transitional gap between spaces.

On the top of the building is the veiwing area which is remained open and natural to DEC demonstrate the qaulity of this mountain building and its cavity.

SW

9.

7. 3.

7.

8. 7.

3.

5.

4.

3. 7.

6.

2.

1.


1.07 Environmental Strategy / Earthen Architecture

1.

3.

2.

4.

6. 5.

7.

9.

8.

1. Archive +(L) Gallery Hall on the 1F 2. Archive + (S) Gallery on the GF 3. Archive + (M) Gallery on the GF 4. Rmmed Earth 5. Concrete 6. Sheep Wool Insulation - The insulation is chosen for reasons of being natural and hygroscopic. The insulation also has nice soundproof quality. 7. The hot air is able to ow through the seams between the joint which allows the concrete shell roof resting on rammed earth wall and envelope spaces 8. Rammed Earth can also absorb heat in the air, the quality keeps the hot air won t get stuck in the space and make the space over heated. 9. In the night time, the rammed earth will realease some of heat back to regulate the differences between indoor and outdoor.


1.09 Structural Strategy I- Inflation Concrete Building Principle

Pneumatic Forming Concrete- Predominant Structure

Concrete

Pneumatic Layer

Piping Profile

Reinforce Layer

Plate Layer


1.10 Structural Strategy II- Form Work, Rammed Earth Shaping Caves- Fromworks

Experimented Materials 1. PVA - 3D Printing Material, Solvable in Water

1. Polystyrene Foam Blocks

Casting Process

Dissovable Blocks & Pnematic Concrete Structure


1.11 Structural Strategy III-Pathways & Platforms

6.

2.

3.

1.


1.08 Interior Climate and Ambiance Creation

Humidity Setting Archive & Gallery = 45% Cavern Adventure Spaces = 60%

Temperature Setting Archive & Gallery= 12 19 degree Cavern Adventure Space = 27 30 degree

Humidity 45%

Cavern Adventure Spaces = 60%


1.13 M & E

Piping Maintenence

Electricity Utilities Maintenence

Reference / Gregavancom Sub Floor DIY Tutorial https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJvZ7g_Z5Lk

Reference / Power Distribution http://www.lindsaylights.com/Technical/power_distribution.html


1.14 Access

Platform Stiar Lift

Wheel Chair Accessible Route

Fire Event Emergency Evacuation Route

Platform Lift

Wheelchair Friendly Facilities Platform Lift

Assembly Point

https://www.terrylifts.co.uk/lifts/platform-stairlifts/

Platform Stiar Lift


2.01-1 Material Application / Performance

01. Casting Rocks of Artificial Mountain Rammed Earth

02. Roofing the Caves Pneumatic Concrete

The main structure of the building will be casted rammed earth. However, because of the limistation of material, the bulding cannot fully supported by the rammed earth structure.

The pneumatic concrete will be put in after the rammed earth structure has casted on each level of building. The hollow spherical form of the concrete can reached to the half floor to 1 floor high above there structure edge.

Rammed earth is a fast dry material that formworks can be rmoved immediately after the ramming process.

03. Envelope Space Between Caves Prefabricated Weathering Steel

The envelope spaces are installed to connect different spaces in the building. The structure of it is concrete strip with weathering steel panels covered on the surface. The envelope spaces are also a secondary structure to support bearing of the concrete shell .


2.01-2 Material Application / Performance

04. Grid Steel Panels

05. Adventure Infrastructures

06. Hydroscopic Material

Grid steel panels are chosen as the material of the oor, which allow maintennce work to be more easier. The grid steel panel passage are lifte to accommodate sophisiticated topography in the cave space.in the cave space

The infrastructure for adventure activities are constructed on the outdoor space. The structures are lightly attached on the building, the joint for installing the infrastructure will be installed in the pre-cast stage of the construction work.

Due to the spaces are designed to be the archive for future artefacts, hydroscopic insulation will be applied in these spaces to regulate the condition of the space.


2.02-1 Construction Method Application / Study on Plaster Model / From Plaster Model to Real Materials Study on Plaster Model - Partitionally Constructing Mountain The construction work of the archive building will be divided into units. The model shows the geometrical relationship different level of the individual unit. The formation of the mountain-like building will be similar to the plaster model.

Plaster Model

The casted plaster model used two kind of negative model to ďŹ nd the shape of the cave. The casting process is also a epxloration to ďŹ nd the shape of caves and generate the space for people can habitate inside in architecture scale.

From Plaster Model to Real Rammed Earth Structure The strategy to translate the plaster cave model to real architectural structure is to contourising the volume. In the architectural scale, the difference of each contour will be 25 cm which is the best depth to cast the individual layer of rammed earth architecture.


2.02-2Construction Method Application Site Possession and Raft Foundation


2.02-3.1 Construction Method Application / Pre-Cast Work / Placing Weathering Steel Frames

Bearing

The thresholds is designed as a compensational structure to bear the concrete roof. The main structure of the threshold are concrete strips. The inner suface is covered with weathering steel panels to correspond to the texture of the rammed earth wall.


2.02-3.2 Construction Method Application / Post-Cast Work / Placing Adventure and Safety Infrastructure

4.

t in jo

th wi

m

n ai nt ou

2.

3.

1. The hiking infrastructure will be placed on the south east of the building which to avoid the burning sunshine at the west and enjoy the east sunshine in the chilly weather. 2. The design of the infrastructure unit. The the unit design is aiming on corresponding to the uneven surface of the mountain cliff. 3. The detail of the unit.

1.

4. The ďŹ tting of the unit to the main building structure. The same as the adventure ladderes attached on the building, the ďŹ tting will be casted in advance for installing the units without damaging the intergrity of the rammed earth structure.


2.02-3.3 Construction Method Application / Pre-Cast Work / Pre-Cast Insulation Placement.

SpeciďŹ c Insulation Installation process The installation of insulation (1.) will follow the casting work of rammed earth structure. the wood strips will be placed on the top of the insulation roll in order to provide the stablity before the liquid rammed earth dehumidiďŹ ed.


2.02-4 Construction Method Application / Casting Rammed Earth Casting/ Casting Control and principle

Reference / Rammed Earth Traditional Casting formwork

a.

http://www.nzdl.org/gsdlmod?e=d-00000-00---off-0hdl--00-0----0-10-0---0---0direct-10---4------0-1l--11-en-50---20-help---00-0-1-00-0-0-11-1-0utfZz-8-00&cl= CL1.1&d=HASH70c81f6386a2600bdfdd3f.8.7&gt=2

b.

d.

c.

4.

e.

1.The customised casting work platform, the inspiration of the platform inherets from the traditional casting formwork and working process for casting the rammed earth wall. The plastform is deployed to correspond the sophisticated contour of the mountain. The platform is also deisgned to cooperate the partitional casting work of the rammed earth structure of the building. 2. The modiďŹ ed platform which is a moveable component of the unit for reaching every corner of the contour layer. 3. The dimension of moving the working platform. 4. The ramming tools a-d. manual tools for ramming the earth, following with shape and the size, tools are alternated to make sure each part of the layer is equal and ďŹ lled. e.vibrating plate.

2. 3.

1.


2.02-5.1 Construction Method Application / Pneumatic Concrete / Half Sphere Concrete Shell

Location of Half-Sphere Concrete Shell

1.

2.

3.

5.

4.

1. The inatable formwork for casting the concrete will be placed on the at area in wedge shape . Renforcesteel strips will be placed on the formwork before spraying the concrete layer. While placing in the renforcesteel strips, cables for pulling the concrete wedges together will be placed in the formworks along the edge of wedges. 2. Cables for pulling the concrete wedges together will be connected with tower crance after the concrete has been sprayed in the formworks and dry. 3. The diagram demonstrates the internal forces of the concrete shells, the analysis will be refered for creating the opening on the completed shell. 4. The internal structure of the concrete shell 5. The diagram demonstrates how forces will be delivered from the top and beared by the concrete shells. The prototype of half-sphere concrete shell is useful for distributing the weight of the building from the top and equalising the forces to other parts of structure.


2.02-5.2 Construction Method Application / Full Sphere Concrete Shell

Location of Full-Sphere Concrete Shell

1.

3.

2.

1. All the concrete shells are constructed on the site, the inflated concrete shells will be elevated and lifted up by the towere crane placing on the rammed earth structures. 2. The process of making full sphere concrete shell is the sames as the half sphere at the initial stage.The strategy of making full sphere is combining two half sphere concrete dome togetehr and finished by spray concrete on at the joint part. 3. Whole sphere shell bears the weight of the building and turns into support of uniform load. The concrete shell is ragarded as a gemometrical rock which is part of the mountain-like building. The same as the half sphere concrete shell, the structures feature non-columns concrete system and artificial cave interior.


2.02-6 Construction Method Application / Post-Cast Insulation Placement Location of Full-Post Casted Insulation

2. 1.

3.

1. The hygroscopic insualtion foam will be sprayed in at the finishing stage of conctructing each floor of the archive. The focus of spraying the insulation will be on the top of the concrete shells after the concrete shells is surrounded by the casted rammed earth. 2. The section express the relationship between the insulation foam and insulation roll which has been installed while casting the rammed earth ( see. section02, 2.02-3.3 ) 3. The scaffold will be conctructed following with the casted rammed earth layers, the scaffold for casting the rammed earth will be moved to other unit for casting work and scaffold for insualtion spraying work will be elevated and attached on the finished structure.


2.03.01 Augmented Infrastructure for Adventure / Ladders and Climbing Tools 1. One of the ladderes is placed on the outdoor landing of the third floor for connecting the rock climbing route to the top floor landing. 2. The other ladders connects the tansitional platform of the hung bridge to the 2nd floor outdoor landing at the east north side of the building. The height for climbing through the access is 100 cm high. For the health and safety, the safty equipments will be supplied at the reception. 3. The section of climbing access. The ladders will be joint on the finished rammed earth structure, fitting joint will be casted into the rammed earth structure in advance so that the installation of the ladder won t damge the integrity of the structure.

3.

1.

2.


2.03.02 Augmented Infrastructure for Adventure/ Hanging Bridge and Pathways

1.

5.

4.

3.

Reference / Cable & Fittings http://www.thecivilbuilders.com/2013/01/cables-and-fittings-detailing-and.html

1. The Hung bridge Unit. 2. Short Section of the Hung Bridge Unit 3. The fitting D. (reference image) pull together the V-cable units with a spline cable. The fitting is special for joining the crossed cables. 4. The fitting E. (reference image) is fixed connecting at the both end of the V-unit on the hand rail cable. The fitting is special for joining the T-inter-crossed cables. 5. Long Section of the Hung Bridge Unit 6. The reference of deatil footing of the bridge. 2.

6.

Reference / Covering of the Courtyard Carré des Arts in Mons / AgwA + Ney & Partners https://www.archdaily.com/555329/covering-of-the-courtyard-of-the-carre-des-arts-in-mons-agwa-ney-and-partner s/543ffe50c07a801fe70003de_covering-of-the-courtyard-c arr-des-arts-in-mons-agwa-ney-partners_det2-png/


3.00 General Environmental Strategy / Interior Climate Setting

Air Temperature

1. Comparing with other buildings made with timber or other material apart from rammed earth, earthen architecture is more stable in the performance of temperature comparing inside and outside the building.

Time of Day Outdoor Temperature Light Timber-Framed Building Heavy Building with External Insulation Heavy Building Set into and Partially Covered with Earth

2. Ideal Thermal Mass Rammed earth has very good performance in thermal mass. The quality allows some of spaces (see below, the 1st & 3rd kind of space) in the Future Artefacts Archives need to consume less energy to reach to the target condition in humidity and temperature. 2.Dealing with Cave-like Environment Rammed earth architecture like this archive still needs to deal with the inuence of English weather from general enevironmental condition. Especailly in the winter, cold and wet weather will makes interior similar due to the main rammed earth structure. As the result, the environment of the building will be partially operated by active environmental control system to reach to the ideal environmental target. The conditions is concluded into three kind of settings. Condition 01. Archive Climate

Condition 02. Condition 03. Natural Climate in Climate / Service Spaces Semi-outdoor

Archive / Gallery

EXIT

Exit

Cafe EXIT

Adventure Point

Reception Toilet Staff OfďŹ ce Workshop

See 3.02.013.02.02

See 3.03.013.03.03

EXIT


3.01 General Environmental Strategy / Passive Design of Environmental Control

1.

2.

Entrance to Cafe , a threshold in between outdoor and indoor space. The wind is easy to be conducted through this area due to the quality of space is been designed as a cave

3.

Natural cool air ow through the hidden ventilation pipe and get into the service space like hall way, toilet, cafe.

4.

Hydroscopic Insulation is used to provide an ideal environment for artefacts. (see 3.02.01)

5.

Hydroscopic Insulation will stablise and provide adquate thermal and humidity in the archive spaces .

6.

An electrical control openning is installed in the ventialtion well of the archive space in order to serve some speciďŹ c environemntal requirement and ďŹ re event.

7.

Hallway, the environmental condition is set up close to the outside weather, the performance will be balnced by the rammed earth structure

8.

9.

Active Ventilation System. Space are monitored in the building and the air will be regulated thorugh out spaces which is connected to the system.

Many envelope spaces are installed in the buildings, not just because the structure, the spaces are also designed as a transitional gap between spaces.

On the top of the building is the veiwing area which is remained open and natural to demonstrate the qaulity of this mountain building and its cavity.

9.

7. 3.

7.

8. 7.

3.

5.

4.

3. 7.

6.

2.

1.


3.02.01 Detailed Method of Environmental Control / Climate for Archives/ Temperature and Ventilation

1.

3.

2.

11.

4.

10. 6. 5.

7.

9.

8.

1. Archive +(L) Gallery Hall on the 1F 2. Archive + (S) Gallery on the GF 3. Archive + (M) Gallery on the GF 4. Rmmed Earth 5. Concrete 6. Sheep Wool Insulation - The insulation is chosen for reasons of being natural and hygroscopic. The insulation also has nice soundproof quality. 7. The hot air is able to ow through the seams between the joint which allows the concrete shell roof resting on rammed earth wall and envelope spaces 8. Rammed Earth can also absorb heat in the air, the quality keeps the hot air won t get stuck in the space and make the space over heated. 9. In the night time, the rammed earth will realease some of heat back to regulate the differences between indoor and outdoor. 10. Thermalmeter and Hygrometers are installed oowing the requirement of other exisiting general gallery and archive facilities.


3.02.02 Detailed Method of Environmental Control / Climate for Archives / Humidity and Acoustic

7.

30

Outside RH

60

Inside RH Target

40

20

10

Inside T

20

Outside T 0

0

Outside Vapour Excess

-10 1

2

3.

80

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Month

Relative Humidity (%)

Temperature (°C), Mixing Ratio (g/kg)

40

2.

100

50

1.

4.

8.

Hunidity < 40%

1. The Hygroscopic Insulation alows the archives stay at the humidity of 40% to 60 %, but the temperature is still high enough to make people feel comfortable when staying in the room.

5.

2. Wet from the English weather 3. The Insulation also is also sprayed horizontally on the concrete roof before being covered by rammed earth. The Insulation enhences perfomance of absobtion of wet and ejcts the humid in good weather. This is used to stregthen the ablity of rammed earth to stand the wet condition. 4. Soundproof of rammed earth and acoustic absortion of wool insulation. These two materials keep the archives and galleries quiet from being affected by the nearby soil recycling works. 5. Insulation Position 6. Acoustic Absorption of rammed earth 7. The static demonstrates the ideal target of indoor by using the insulation 8. The deterioration of artefacts will be casued by inappropriate humidity and temeperature managaement. To dry (<40%) always makes artifacts become brittle and can crack .

6.


3.03.01 Detailed Method of Environmental Control / Creating Authentic Micro-Climate of Caves. / Ofiice

7. 5.

4.

2. 1.

3.

HAVC SYSTEM

1. Natural Fresh Air 2. Hot air will be collected through the terminal openning unit. Cool air can also be sent into the office space to regulate the temeperature. 3. Computer Heat 4. Concrete and Cavity- The hot air will be traped if there is no ventilation system has been connected to the space. Concrete need less time to deliver the thermal comparing to rammed earth, as the result, before thermal has been absorbed by rammed earth wall, thermal has been transit to the space. 5. Terminal Unit of HVC- the circulation of heat and cool air will be operated by both Active and Passive Ventilation mechanism to reduce the consumption of energy. 6. Position of Terminal Unita at the office.

6.


3.03.02 Detailed Method of Environmental Control / Creating Authentic Micro-Climate of Caves. / Cafe

2.

7.

1. 5.

6. 4.

3.

8.

1. Natural Fresh Air Intake 2. Rammed Earth 3. Weathering Steel Panels 4. Coffee Machine Heat 5. Air Circulation Unit 6. The weathering metal panels are able to deliver the heat and transit to the rammed earth, which makes the thermal in the space reduce more quickly. 7. Actively intaken cool air delivered through the ventilation system. Meanshile, the hot air also can be deliver into the ventilation system as well. 8. Rammed earth has good thermal mass to absorb the extra heat in the space and release the thermal in the evening. 9. Position of Terminal Unit of HVC system. 10. Floor Plan View of transiting thermal from metal panels to rammed earth.

9. 10.


3.03.03 Detailed Method of Environmental Control / Creating Authentic Micro-Climate of Caves. / Workshop

4.

2. 6. 1. 3.

5.

1.

1. Rammed Earth 2. Concrete Roof 3. Terminal Unit of HVC System 4. English weather is often wet, cold cloudy during the winter. The humid weather is not good for the rammed earth casting work. As the result, it is important to distingusish the envi ronmental condition required by the rammed earth casting workshop. 5. Passive way to bring in the air from outdoor will increase the humidity in the workshop. As the result, dehumidifer is required to regulate the humidity. 6. The thermal supply mostly reply on the thermal stored by rammed earth, however, due to the limited sun light in English weather, active heating supply still is required to regulate the temperature. 7. Intaking Natural Fresh Air into HVC. 8. Heating Support 9. Crafting Rammed Earth Art. 10. Rammed Earth can be demould immediately after the casting work has been ďŹ nished 11. Rework on newly casted rammed earth need to be done in less than one hour.

7.

5.

8.

Rework Time 11.

10. THERMALMETER

HYGROMETER

Ideal Drying Environmnental Setting ďŹ g.03

9.


3.04.01 Passive Cooling & Active Heating System

8.

7.

1.

6.

2.

A. Chiller

B. Boiler

C. Cooling Tower

5.

D. Air Handler

4.

3.

E. Terminal Unit

F. Wind Cachter

In order to compensate the requirement of specific interior condition which can t be passively regulated by natrual ventilation and material quality of rammed earth, Heat, Ventialtion Active Conditioner System(HVAC) is applied in the Future Artifacts Archive. In order to sustainably using the energy, the primary envrionemntal control will still be passive,the secondary strtegy will be this active system. 1. HVAC System 2. Devices of HVAC System 3. Boiler and Chiller will be placed together in the pumping room in the raft. The access for maintenance will be from the mechanical room on the GF. 4. Terminal units will be placed in 6 rooms, which includes reception, 3 archive space, corridor, cafe and lift hall. 5. One terminal unit will be placed in the archive on the 1F. Two wind catchers will be installed at the south west and north east side of the mountain. 6. One terminal unit will be placed in the workshop space on the lower 2nd floor, two wind catcher will be installed at the south west and north east side of the mountain. The air handler is in stalled under the stair case which can be access from workshop. 7. On the 3rd floor, one set of terminal unit is installed in the media room. 8. Cooling tower unit is installed on the top of the mountain adjecent to the viewing cave.


3.05 Lighting Arrangement / Artificial Light and Natural Light

1.

The Lighting Strategy focuses on illuminating the dark and mostly enclosed space. The natural light (1 & 2 ) will obly approach to the entrance of each caves on different floor. 3 types of lighting products have been chosen to be deployed in the building. 3. Floor Lighting 4. Spotlight 5. Wall lighting

2. 3.

4. 5.

N ER

N OO

MIDDA Y M

O RN

IN G

D

U SK

T AF

Solar-tube is applied in the office area where would need a more efficient lighting in the space. The choice of this lighting product can sustainably allow sun light enter the space by a tubular skylight conducting principle.

The other skylight conducting strategy is applied in the cafe where need efficient lighting environemnt for people who visit in the day time. The reflective panel can effectively conducting the light from outside in the day and reduce the consumption of energy.


3.06.01 Acoustic Environment

1.

3.

absorption reflection

absorption

reflection

tbd

2

>15

1

>24

absorption

3

5.

4

reflection

2.

stage : > 30 -0 max performance absorption / reflection areas

audience: > 50 -0 max

on orpti abs

on ecti refl

absorp tion

abso rpt ion

ion orpt abs

performance shell reflection / absorption

absorp tion

convex reflection

concave reflection

n ctio fle re

on ecti refl

4.

1. The geometrical feature of the space could casue a huge echo under the inflated concrete dome. Based on the acoustic design principle, the surface of the3 dimensional curverture roof can be divided into absorption face and reflection surface. 2. The acoustic design principle is used to design the theatrical space. Even though the function of the building is not theatre, however, it is important to create a comfortable and quiet environment when people wandering around the gallery space. 3. The reflection direction demonstrates how users under the roof can be affected by the reflected sound. The advantage of rammed earth building is create a sound proof environment. The rough surface also helps to diffuse the intercrossing voic when people make noise. 4. The main acoustic environment creation of the building is located on the 2Fwhich is a media room to display the recorded landscape images recorded by boundary markers all over London. 5. The size of the media room is farely small, as the result, in a sound reflection environment, sound will be bouncing between the 3 dimentional curverture wall. The curtain is installed in the room to absorb the sound perfectly.


3.06.02 Water Supply & Recycling 1.

East Elevation

North Elevation

South Elevation

West Elevation

2.

4.

1. The elevation diagram demonstrate the rain recycling route, which has been collected by the gutters on the edge of mountains 2. The recycled rain water will be delivered to the pond sorrounding the building. 3. The detail of gutter 4. The recycled rain water will be ďŹ ltered into secondary water and will be used for draining water for local landscape. In the summer heat, visitors who are doing the adventure activities, the recycled water will be sprayed into mist for cooling.

3.


3.7 Source of Energy / Operating ArtiďŹ cial Mountain

According to Lea Valley Park Authrority, the Lea Valley has long history of energy production; from using river and tidal power for its mills. Energy production has greatly reduced in the valley, only few electricity stations remaining. Currently the authority is still focusing on generating renewable energy by wind tubine and potential tidal generation 1. The site 2. The nearest power station is EnďŹ eld Power Station, according to the introduction from authority, the distribution of energy in Lea Valley depends on the National Grid s network. 3. The supply of energy to the building will be focusing on supporting the ventialtion system and opening time illumination in the buidling. The managament of off and peak hour will help to reduce the consumption of energy.

Peak Hour = Opening Time Summer Time Tue-Fri 09:00- 19:00 Sat-Sun 09:00- 19:00

1.

Winter Time Tue-Fri 10:00- 18:00 Sat-Sun 09:00- 18:00 Off Peak Hour= Night Event Hiring Hiring Slots are avaiable from 19:0022:00 2. 3.

4. 5.


4.01 Enfield Planning Authority Site of Future Artefacts Archive

Current Site Ownership

The site is located in the area where is currently operated by Camden Environmental company. The company has been using the whole area including part of the site of this project as an aggregate recycling field. In 2017, Mayor of London publish Policy SI 10 Aggregates in the draft of new London plan, the plan emphasises on the sustainable management of aggregate deposition and recycling of the stored of aggregates and soil waste. As the result, Camden Environment is willing to join the development of the site following by promoting the sustainable using of soil and aggregates.

Primary Client Enfield Council will be Enfield Council will be the primary sponsor for the funding and the development of Future Artefacts Archive. Enfield Council is currently leading the Meridian Water Development next to the site. The site is currently regarded as a green field in the proposal of the development. However, the proposal doesn t positively respond to the current occupation of Camden Environmental. The area has the potential to be opened up and extend the Meridian Water programme for more housing and community facilities if council is able to construct the relationship with local industry. The project will be regarded as a bridging project to connect the local industrial community and authority, hence, create a more harmonious living environment without asking industrial community move out of the space.

Primary Development Authority

Lea Valley Park Authority have generated a series of planning policies based on the Lea Valley Reginal Park Act published in 1966. The proposal of the building project has to be proposed to the authority to the initial consultation. The authority rrequires certain infrastructure regeneration following with new developed plan

Meridian Water Development

Core Policy 38 (Meridian Water) Based on the evidence of initial growth scenarios in the Meridian Water Place Shaping Priority Area (see boundary in Map 9.3 of the Core Strategy), the objectives of new development will be to create a new community by 2026 with up to 5,000 new homes, 1,500 new jobs and all the necessary infrastructure to support the community and attract families and new employers to the area, including: • Two new two form entry primary schools, a new secondary school (including Sixth Form), a new local centre offering a new health facility, a library, community rooms, a police presence and local shops (see Core Policies 7, 8 and 17); • Approximately 80% of the area should comprise a mix of residential, retail, community uses and open spaces, with 20% of the area as revitalised employment uses, integrated into the wider development; • High quality public realm and development of an exemplar quality at a human scale with buildings that are flexible, adaptable and responsive to the environment in which they sit; • A reduction in flood risk through the appropriate location, layout and design of new development and mix of land uses; • A development that pioneers new environmental technologies. New housing will aspire to achieve the greatest levels of energy-efficiency, incorporating renewable power and using locally produced energy; •Higher density development close to Angel Road station and in waterfront locations; •New development will maximise the opportunities offered by the waterfront location, with routes and spaces along the water edge; •A new spine running through the area, connecting all parts of Meridian Water, linking new and existing communities, the station and the Lee Valley Regional Park; •Improved connectivity, both north-south and east-west; • Integration with immediately adjacent employment areas, in particular Harbet Road Estate, where there is an opportunity to upgrade employment uses on the western fringe to complete transformation in the Meridian Water area; • A mix of housing types, sizes and tenures and affordable homes to support a new sustainable community, which will enable residents to remain in the community throughout their lifetimes; • New open space at the heart of the new community, designed to connect the currently disjointed part of the Lee Valley Regional Park either side of the North Circular Road; A co-ordinated strategy to managing flood risk in accordance with Core Policy 28 and a co-ordinated strategy for the decommissioning of gas holders and other contaminated land in the area in line with Core Policy 32; Restoration of the waterways which run through the development site as part of an integrated approach to water management in Meridian Water; and Development should achieve efficiency target of 105 l per person per day in line with the Code for Sustainable Homes. Core Policies 11 and 12 identify the need for new recreation, leisure, culture and arts facilities in Meridian Water. Core Policy 14 (Safeguarding Strategic Industrial Locations) and Core Policy 15 (Locally Significant Industrial Sites) set out the Council s approach to the safeguarding of employment land within the area. Core Policy 22 (Delivering Sustainable Waste Management) states that opportunities for local energy provision to support new development at Meridian Water will be explored. Core Policy 29 (Flood Management Infrastructure) states that opportunities for removal of culverts, river restoration and naturalisation should be considered as part of any development adjacent to a watercourse. Innovative responses to flood risk will be encouraged and explored as part of the transformation of Meridian Water and Central Leeside. Core Policy 34 (Parks, Playing Fields and Open Spaces) requires the creation of new open space at Central Leeside as part of the regeneration of Meridian Water and which provides effective links to the Lee Valley Regional Park. Core Policy 35 (Lee Valley Regional Park and Waterways) confirms that the Council will work with the Lee Valley Regional Park Authority, British Waterways, riparian owners, the Environment Agency and other partners to improve access to the Lee Valley Regional Park.


4.01 Local and Financial Context

Investment Profit

Meridian Water Planning & Development Agency

Industrial Funding

London Local Housing Devleopment Funding

Land Ownership

Primary Funding

1.

Expaned Development of Meridian Water Programme

Future Artefacts Development Fund

2. 1.

Funding FLow

The flow diagram demonstrates how the proposal of Future Artefacts Archive is majorly funded by the Enfield Council under the Meridian Water Programme. The funding of the project will also be coming from the Mayor of London (Greater London Authority) under the budget of the London s housing planning project. The funding also comes from the local waste recycling industrial community in order to promote the industry to the society. The project could raise the land value of the site if it can open up the opportunity to expand the development of Meridian Water Programme. The profit will be gained by the land owner as investment.

2.

Community Benefit

The site has been blocked in the aggregate field without being used. The development of the project will open up the boundary with local residential community and provide a new open field to do leisure activities. The project provides a community facility to participate in the preservation of landscape. The residence of the Meridian Water would be able to use the facility for leisure in the future. The facility also demonstrate the quality of soil recycling work, which positively promote the significance role of the aggregate recycling field.


4.02 Roles and Relationships - Procurement Route

Funding

Client-EnďŹ eld Council Head of Merdian Water Programme

Architect

Development Consultant - Lea Valley Reginal Park Authority

Design

The Architects Meets and explain the project to the jury who represent the London Building Society.

Architect

London Building Society

Feedback & Design Changes Client and Consultant Informing

Permission Receiving

Client-EnďŹ eld Council Head of Merdian Water Programme

Architect

Quantity Surveyor

Contractor

Consultants

Clerk of Works

Nominated Sub Contractors

Domestic Subcontractors

Nominated Suppliers

Functional Link Contractural Link

Domestic Suppliers


4.03 Building Components Supply and Delivery

3.

2.

1.

1.

4.

6. 6C Clean Oversize 1. Gabion Fill 200 ml to 100 ml Crushed Concrete

1. The English Carpentery and Building Serivce 2.AA Metal Work London

7. Pipe Bedding 20 ml 2. Road Plannings 50 ml down to dust

8. Pipe Bedding 10 ml 3. 6F2 Crushed Concrete + Hardcore 100 ml to dust 9. Recycled Fill Sand 4. Type 1 Crushed Concrete + Hardcore 50 ml to dust

3. The advantage of the site to the project low cost on delivery task. Due to it is an aggregate recycling ďŹ eld, the site has every elements for casting the rammed earth and concrete. Only the steel work and wood framework need to be deliver from the suppliers. Most of the building work will be ďŹ nished on the site inclusing prefabricating the concretes 4. Construction Sequence

10. Recycled Sharp Sand 5. Type 3 Crushed C o n c r e t e +Hardcore 25 ml to dust 11. Top Soil

Future Artefacts Archive DR  
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