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lssN 0869.il77

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1991


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PEAAKUhOHHbI[I COBET: B. f. EOPTHEBCKHn QnaauoLri pedaKrop) A. B. CMO.TII4H B. IO. LIEPHqEB H. B. KAPACEB (oraercraennoni cercperapo)

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(812)-242-27-J

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242-13-85.rer.eKc

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<CeereH>, Hal[tlit sapy6exnuu cooreqecrBennHKamt Pyccxofl 3apy6exnofi llpanocaannoft {epKBl{' qbil noMou{b H noAAepxKa cAeJIaJIH BOSMO)I(HbIM UsAaHIre aJlbMaHaxa <Pyccxoe [poIIIJIoe>. B qactnocru, MbI np[3HareJIbHbI Ho-, txlrld aMepnKaHcKlIM KoJJreraM-IrcropHKaM; npoQeccopau Pu,rap4y En4laxy (Vnunepcnrer BaruunrroHa ll JIn, Jfexcnnnrou, Bnp4rxnnnn), Apqy ferru (KaanQopnnficxufi yHnBepcrrer, Punepcafi1),,ll,onatt4y Pa,nnefi (Vnnnepcnret CenepHofi Kapo.nnnu, rlenlxu;rl). PeAaxqns HaAeercr Ha nnoAorBopnoe corpyAHnqecrBo c qnrarercnru u 6yAer 6aaro4apHa sa KpnrnqecKl{e saMeqanufl, coBerH H IIoX(eJlaH,,c v 3a np[cnaHHHe MarepHaJIbI g,an ny6rnxaquu.

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Flerporporqo o EBPAJT bCKAt PEBOJI lOIlI,It TJIA3AMPI FPAAO HAqAJI b H H KA A. TI. BAJIKA

Vsnxarruoct Aaunofi ny6rnxaqun B ToM, qro s Hefi BnepBbre cqacTJlllBo coeAuHHJIHcb paHee Hen3BecTHbIe H xpaHc[Inecc no paSHhre cropoHbr cBera AoKyMeHrbI nocJIeAHero qapcKoro rpaAoHaqaJrbnr,txa A. II. 6anxa o QespalrHa[HcaHHbIe HM B 1929 r. B eMHcxofi peso.nrbqnn. 3ro rpaqill,t, n Eerrpa4e, -BocnoMuHaHr.rs n Qoprvre AHeBHITKa <Ilocae4nue nqrb AHefi rlapcxoro llerporpaAa>, Koropble o6napyxu.rr n Apxnne fyneponcxoro nHcrnryra nofinu, peBoJrroqru lr Mr.rpa (CreuSop4, CIIIA) Bnnrop Eoprnencrnfi, a raKxe nepBble co6crnennopyqHble noKa3aHl{s A. [I. Ba.tra CteAcrrenHofi KoMr.rccllr focyAapcrnennofi AyMbt, AaHHbIe HM n 1917 r. rto ropflqnM cJreAaM noA apecro*r r MnHncrepcKoM naB[JrboHe Tanpnuecxoro ABopqa, r.r Apyrlre qoKyMeHrH, BHflBreHHue BlaAnunpom 9epnseBbrM s lleHrpaJIbHoM rocyAapcrBeHHoM r.rcropnqecxoM apxnBe JlennnrpaAa.

HccreAosaHns HcroplrKoB He coAepx(ar cBeAeHufi o npo-

nyr[ A. Il. Eanxa. On npI{Ha,tI,K crapr.rHrroMy ABopcHcKoMy po4y llerep6yprcxofi ry6epHnn. [Io oAnnu cBeAeHHflM, eror poA npo[cxoAnJl or nefireHaHra ruseAcxofi cuyx<6u, qeft cun Kopnnrnyc B pycrKoM [reHy flplrHqr npaBocraB]re c uMeHeM Mnxann l. IIo poAoHaqaJrbHl,rK po4a Qon Ea.nxen flepece,'Ixflcc (pynnM r.rs BecrQarnn r JInnonHK), a ero cbIH, Hnxorafi llgaHonnq HcxoxrAeHHH r,r )Kn3HeHHoM

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n 1653 r. nepeuen B pyccKyp apMnrl, r noroSoptuHpyeMHe perynflpHHe noJlKu H yqacrBoBaJl Bo B3crlln Cmgtencra, noxoAax nporlrB Crenrxn Pas[Ha H KpbtMcKI{x rarap. Ero norouxl{ Hocu;rn $aunrnn Ea.nx.2 Cauum I{3BecrHi'IM B poAy 6u,n repoir OreqecrseHnofi noftnu l8l2 r. teHepan-nefirenanr Mnxann 3 ,ll,mnrpnennq 6alx. llo4po6nue 6uorpaQuuecKl{e cBeAeHufl o A. n. 6a,nxe coAepxc{r xpaHcqeecc s III'HAJI n Son4e l(anqelrpun nerporpaAcKoro rpaAoHaqaJlbnnKa 4elo <O cayx6e llerporpaAcKoro rpaAonaqanbHxKa reHepaJl-Mafiopa 6alxa>. a OHo sxrloqaer ero noclyxnofi cnficoK H pa3Hble AoKyMeHrbI. A.irexcan4p ilan.nonnq Ea.nr po4n.ilcn 7 Qeopalc 1866 r.' npaBocJraBHufi. Oronqua 1-ft Ka.u,ercxnfi Kopnyc H l-e [IasJroBcKoe yqunnu{e. BoeHnyn c.nyxr6y HaqaJI n yuuanue 3l aBrycra 1884 r. ruHKepoM ps,qoBoro sBaHrc. B 1886 r. oH npor{3BeAeH B nopyqnKn I{ HarpaBJleu s 16-fi JlaAoxcrnfi nexoruufi no.nx. C 1887 r. A. tl. 6aax - s refi6-reapAnn BoauHcKoM noJrKy, rAe sa 16 urer noAHflJIcr no c,nyxe6Hofi .rlectuuqe Ju,lrrrb Ao KanuraHa, KoMaHArpa poru. IIpu groM eMy npnxoAnnocb 3aBeAoBarb coJIAarcKLtM 6y$erom, 6uru op,Rtl' HaprreM Ha caMoKare (rax Ha3blBarcq reaocune4) npu Kor MaHAyroqeM soficxaMn Ha 6o;truu.tx MaHeBpax aBrycre 1895 r., 6u6.rnorexapeM roJlKoBofi o{Nqepcxofi 6n6.nsorexu AeJronpoH3BoAnreneM noJlKoBoro cyAa H qJIeHoM cy4a o6 ulecrBa oSuqepon. fsapAeficraq Kapbepa A. [I. Ea;lra 3aBepunJtacr l2 uapt ra 1903 r., KorAa sblcoqafiulM npI{Ka3oM no ,BoeHHoMy Be] AoMcrBy oH 6ul HasHaqeH noMoII{HHKoM rapuarcxord o6ep-norrqueficrepa, c 3aqltcJleHneM no apueftcxofi nexorl I{ noBbr[reH]IeM B gBanlle nolKoBHI,IKa. 13 ler on orctyxll.li Ha sroM nocry, HepeAKo caM BblnoJrHss o6cgaHnocrn o6epJ nolnqrueficrepa. llpoesxrafl B oxrn6pe 1909 r. uepes Bapi rrraBy, rlMreparop Hnxo.nafi II co6crnenHopyqHo noxarosa.i eMy 3a ycepAile 3oJIorHe qacu. K orI{M roAaM orHocnTcfi ny6.nnryeuas HaMr Sotorpa$uq A. II. Ea.rra ns focyAap: crBetrHoro apxnBa rnHoQoro4oKyMeHroB JleHnnrpa4a, 6o. flee nos4uefr Hafirn He yAaJlocb. 6 aexa6ps l9l2 ri A. II. Eanxa npor3BeJllr B teHepaJl-uafiopu. Ha nropofi ro4 nepnofi mnponofi,nofinu, 23 urotrs (5 an, rycra H. cr.) 1915 r. nepMaHcKxe soficxa Bacfltt Bapuar! Ilo o6croqreJrbcrBaM BoeHHoro BpeMeHI{ B IrIoJIe l9l5 i A. II. Ea.rrr sce n rofi )Ke AoJrx(Hocrr{ rroMoIIlHuKa BapIIIaB' cKoro o6ep-noruqueficrepa 6ur nepeneAeH B Mocrry. I noxoAax n 6ocx flpor]rB Henpnsrerg eMy raK H He AoBenoct QoH-Ea;rxen, mafiop lrlBeAcKofi cayx6st,

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yqacrBoBarb, Ho rpyAb ero yKparxanlr opAeHa CB. Bla4u_ mupa 3-fi crerreHr{, Cn. Cranucilaea 2 n B crenenefi, cepe6pcHHas MeAaJrb Ha JreHre opAeHa Cs. ArexcaH4pa Hercrono B naMsrb rlapcrBoBannc AnercanApa III n cserao-6pon3oBble MeAaJrn B naMflrb 300-Jrernq qapcrByprqero AoMa PonaaHoeHx H Ba rpyAhr no orMeHHonny nunotnennp sceo6uqeft rrlo6n.nr{3auru 1914

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__Bapuraea ocraBaJracb n r.uy6oxonr ru.ny repMaHcKr.rx noficx, ee cKopoe ocno6ox4eH[e He npeABr{Aenocb H npe6unauue ee Bbicullx nolnqeficxnx quHon n Mocxse Tepf,Jro

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qenrpe. [Io rele{toHy A. [I. Ealx rcnpauuBan y A. A. flporononoBa pa3pemeHl{e nolrblTarbcc Bo rJIaBe 9rPc'44 r(oHHbIx crpaxHlrKon npo6ntcn n l{apcxoe Ce,no. IlporononoB BoBMyrHJIcfl: <Kax )Ke BbI' FpaAoHaqarbHl{Kr AyM4zo [Io ere yfitu ns-flerporpaAa? rlrc xe ero raKoe 6yAer?>' cloiaoa llpotononoBa 3ro 6uuo 26-ro' Ho MorJIo 6urr 'nurut K Horru 27-ro. Vxe soccraa 1-fi sanacuofi nylemersufi no'nx (6o.nee 19 ruc. colAar Boopyx(eHnux 1'5 rblcflqaMll nyJleMeroB H HecKoJIbKI'IMH rblcflqaMl'l Bl'lHronox). C ApyrlIMI'l

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flepeoAerbrx B coJrAarcKr{e urnHeJrrr ropoAoBbtx.

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<fl, uuscenodnucaawuilcn, 1an nacronqAtu nodnucrcg Ilporcypopg Ilerpoepadcrcoil Cgdeinofr lTanaru B rol't' ttro niu fiiiaoil,nepeneue cooeeo adpeca o1asgrcco coo6t4ara rarcoeofi IIporcgpopg.

Ilerpoepad. 2 unnn 1917 eod.

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Eanrc.

Adpec. Cgoopoecrcufi npocnercr, don 65, rce.41>27.

Corracno srofi noAnucxe A.

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fpax4,ancxas. sofina sa6pocn,la A. II. balra s IOnofAe HM HanHcaHbI ny6luxyeuble HaMH BocrIoMHHaHlrfl.'Apxnnnan pyKonllcb npeAcraBJlflet co6oro MaIIIIIHonncnuft reKcr c uepnu.rlrnofi arropcxofi npanrofi. Ha nepnofi crpannqe, HaA sar,nanneu, A. Il. Ea;rx HarlncaJl: <Bcero npoHyMepoBaHo 23 ctpannqbl' lI3 Koropblx ABe HenoJInue. I8/VII-29 r. 6a;lx>>. [l uytr HI'Ixe ero )Ke pyKorc <Konns>. Crpannqu cKpennenH HlrrcMll n cepryqHoft neqarbrc. Ha nogteAneft noA TeKcroM MaIuHHo[IrcH noAnr,rcb: <A. Ea,ilx 17lVll-29 6elrpaA>. Jlucru 6olruoro $opnara, MalllllHonncnufi rexcr Haneqaran qepe3 HHTepear. B aMI{rpaIrHH A. n. Ealx npoml{Jl Aorro H yMep B BecbMa [peKnoHHoM Bo3pacre' s 1957 r. OcrasrseM HaIIILTM q[TarelcM npurrnnfi n [HTepecnufi rpy4 caMHM cpaBHurb noKa3aHus 1917 r. H BocnoMlrnaHuc-4. [|. Ea,nra o nocJIeAHI{x AHqx qapcKoro llerporpaAa. Bce ny6.nnxyemHe HaMll AoKyMeHrbI BocnponsBeAeHbl 6es xynnp H I{3MeHeHHfi n rexcre, xax 6u He pe3anu noporc nJras Hexoropble BblcKasblBanns 6a.nra. Be4r gTlr AoKyMeHTH qeHHbI TeM, IITO roBopqr He ro_JIbKo o rparnqecKHx c66Hrlrcx Qenpa.rIr 1917 ro4a, no u o6 aBrope noxagannft r{ BocnoMr.tHaHnfi, teprax xapaKTepa qenoBeKar llrpaBulero Becbua 3aMerHyrc ponb HaKaHyHe H B AHH Oenpa.nrcxofi cJraBlllo.

peBoJrrcqnI{.

Ilyd.nnxaquc ocyqecrBJlena B coorBercrBllll c HopMaM[ apxeorparfnn. Pexoncrpynpyeuufi reKcr Bscr B KBaAparBHqepKHyinn - B yrnoBHe. Ilocxolrxy A. n. "ile "xb6*n, l7


6anx ne BcerAa roqeH B HaII[caHLtn Qarvrn.rruft, I.tHttqI{aJIoB H AoJr)Knocrefi, x ny6uuxauu[ npuJrox(eH pasnepuyrufi nnressofi yKa3areJrb ynoMcHyrux HM JTHII, xoropuft cocraBJreH no apxr.rBHbrM AoKyMeHTaM u cflpaBorIHfiKaM. lloetouy, B npnMerraH!.rqx 9rr.r ourn6xn A. II. Earra He oroBaprzBaroTcg.

I Hoeuri sHquKro[eAHqecxaii cnoeapr @. A. Eporfay3n ot 14. A. E$pota, r. 4. Cn6., 6. r. C. 863.

,

c.

Pyccxuir 6r.rorpaQrrecxnii c,ronapr,

3

cftd.,

Tav rie. C. 449-450; Boensar 1911.

c. 366-367.

4 U.f.riA,il. O. 569. On.27,

;

ll

r. 2. CfI6.,

446.

Tau xe. ,II.

euqlrxnonegug,

1900.

r.

4.

4.58.

19.

0 iloxasasns A. /,. llporonono:a, 3l aBrycra 1917 r. llaneuue uapcKofo pelKrrMa, r. 4. J1., 1926. C. 91. 7 Talr rxe.

8 floxasaHuq C. lI. bereqxoro. 24 utour 1917 r u,apcKoro pe)KriMa, r. 4. C. 305. // llaaeriue s.[,onpoc A. H. Xeoctora, 18 uapra l9l7 r. ll tlaAer{He qapcKoro pexr.{Ma, r. l. ,rI., 1924. C. 13. r0 3a xy,'rncaMrr uapr.r3Ma. Apxne ru6ercKoro Bpaqa EaAnaena. Il., 192i,. C. 44. tt {fl,IAJI. O. 569. On. 27. A. 58. II. 2l-22, 32,

36-38.

r2 floxagaHrlq

A. !,. flporononoea,

3l arrycra 1917r.

C. 45, 91; ,Il,onpoc A. !,. flporonouosa, 2l ltapra 1917r. // llaaenue uapcKoro pexuMa, r. I. C. 155; lloxaeauua A. ,(. llporononosa, 28 r4ronrfl u 3l arrycra l9l7 r. ll lIaAeuxe qapcKoro pexnMa, t. 4. C.46, 95. 13 A r a e rrr o s H. (D. Aronur crapofo pe)KHMa: no npr,rcraBcKnM AoHeceHHrM u floKa3arrflrrt cglrAeterefi // I4croonqecxuft BecrHuK. 1917. Anoe.rr. C. IV. te Pa6oqee ABlrx(eHlie n llerporpage s 1912-1917rr. !,orylrenru H Mareprarrr'r. JI., 1958. C. 535.

6ypAxaJIoB 3. H. Bropat pyccxat peBonrct\nfl.'' Boccrasse n flerporpa,qe. M., 1967. C. 107-108; Kpnsnc caMoAep)KaBHs s Poccuri. 1895-1917. JI., 1984. c. 634. 16,lionpoc ren. C. C. Xa6a,rosa,22 uapra l9l7 r. ll lla,(euue qapcKofo pexuMa, r. I. C. 184; Oxtr6prcroe BoopyxeHuoe BoccraHue. CerrtnaAqaruft roa r flerporpaae, xn. L JI., 1967. C. 49. tt EypAxanoB 3. H. Bropan pyccrar peBonlouug... C. I18. r8 T a u x e. C. 127-134; Jlefi6epoa H. fI. Ha rrrrypM caMoAepxaBur. flerporpa4cxr.rft npo,neraptar B roAH nepeoft uuponofi eofiHbr l.t @enpa;rrcxofi peBonlo[r.Iu. M., 1979.

C.132,137; lloxaaauuq A. A. flporononona,

ll

cenra6pa

1917 r. ll lTal.enue qapcKoro pexl.rMa, r. 4. C. 98-99; Araeruos H. tD. Aronur craporo pexr.rMa. C. XXII. re

tleoHqes B. IO. Boccrauue flagroscroro rroJrPoccuu, ero coll Pa6osufi x.nacc g

xa 26 Seaia.rrs l9l7 r.

ro3HuKH H noJrlrrr.rqecrr{e nponrBu}rrn yqnbrx rpyAoB. .[., 1989. C. 152-177.

18

l9l7 roay. C6. sa-


20 ,[,onpoc A. .[. Ilporononoea, 14 anpenr l9l7 r. ll lla,[eHne rrapcKoro pexHMa, r. 2. JI., 1925. C. 149-150; floxagaHuq A. ,(. flporonorroBa, ll cesra6ps. C. l0l.

2r

r{ep

u

r en B. IO.

$eapare l9l7 r. c. 260-275. 22 floxasauun g_

//

Opannen6ayr,rcxoe soccraHue Llcropuuecxue ganilcxs. 1986, r. tl4"

B. JI. Eypueaa, I anpulr lglT r.

Jl

flaAeHrle uapcKoro pexHMa, i. t. C. ZSS. 'B. IO.- Opannen6aylrcKoe r{ BoccraHr.ie..^ -13- e p-n s e s

c. 262-263. zr tdfAOP CCCP. O. 1467. On. L n. 471..rr. 155. 's II|HA/I. O. 1695. On. I. A. 47. il.7-8: E.521,II. 18. r0 r{epngee B. IO. flsrr 4nefi a Heftno.rre /i Ee-

,'Ible HoqH: orrepKH, Sapr.tcoBKrr, BocnoMr.rHaHlrr, AoryMeH-

ru. .IL, 1985. C. 49-51. zz [|HA,II. O. 1695. On. I. [. 47. 28 Tau xe.,rl. 11.

11. 10.

I.

NOKA3AHHfl TEHEPAJI.MAAOPA A. N. 6AJIKA TOBAPI,IIIIY NPOKYPOPA n ETPOTPAACKOTO O KPyXHOTO CyAA n. f. KOCTEHKO I AnPEJIfl lg17 r. Bc,reAcreHe [olyug1111oao MHoFo npeA,,ro)*.'eHrifl

or

roBa-

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BOEM BOI{HCKHX III.IHOB BCC MbI 6U,TN AOCTABJICHbI HA ABYX

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24 tDeepaln

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euri4yr, Ho 4eficreoBarb opyx{HeM He 6yayr. lopo4onue ofiacarorct, qro r{x uocrlrrHeT neqarbHafl yqacrb. Ha gro e orBerr{Jr Haua;rrH [nry] pe3epBa, qro6 bn [epeAa,'r or r!{eHR ropoAoBbrM npHKa3aHr{e cJro)KHTb opyx([e H KTo x{eJtaer vArH 4ouofi, caM r ocrarocb 3Aecb. 9epes Mr.rHyr ABaAuarb q Bbruer Bo ABop lr y6equ.nca, rrro opyxne cJroxeHo, a r{g qrr HoB rroJrl{qfir.r HuKoro Her. JlouraAu xon [xux] ropoAoBbrx roxe croflJrrr oAHe. Bcrope soficxa [ocrerreHuo c cBor.rMn o$uqepamn pa3olrnncb no KagapMaM Lr cJroxtrJrn nyJreMerbr, a aprnJrJreplcrbr gaMKH or opyAufi sa (.necruuqe) Ha n.ltou1aAKe y rJraBHoro BxoAa e A4rranpanreficrso. Buecre co uHoft ocraJrr{cb ABa MoHx noMouIHHKa, KonaaHa [np] xaHAapMc [xoro] AlrBlrsuoHa, rura6 oSaqep A.rq oco6bix ropyqeHr.rrl poruncrp l,Irnauuyc (nepene4en B rpaAoHaqaJrbcrBo r.rg MocrsH 5 ,qHefi rortry nasa4) r.r uaua.nru [ur] pe3epBa roA[oJrKoBHr.rx ,Ilesizcou. gepes ueKoropoe BpeMfl norrBr4rcfl renep [a.t] Xa6a;ros n renep [a.rr] Tsxe.nssnros. MEr neperxJrr{ criAerb a uafiHyo xorranary, a ren [epa.lu] Xa6a.rroe H TqxerrHHKoB KyAa-To Bbrrrrdrtr. Bcxope fiofBaJracb ro/]rla pasbrcKuBaBrrrafl reH [epana] Xa6anoea H no-MoeMy gaqBJreHrllo ulr 6u,ru AocraBJreHbI B focyAapcrn [enuyrc] Ayrtly.- KorAa ]Ke Hac BbrBoAriJrr{ H3 KoMHarbr, K HaM He3aMerHo npncoeAaHriJrcfl, H renep[a"rr] Xa6a.[os. To.rna groro se 3aMeruJra. flpu noca4Ke Ha aBrotuo6u.lra utr 6u.lm o6crpulnHu, KaK MHe rroKa3ar'Iocb, H3 nyr'reMera. Tonna B [aHi.rKe craJra crpeJlflTb B pagHble croporrbr. I,Is foc [yaapcrnennoft] fiyutr s 6ul rroMeqeH B uuuucrepcr [afi] [aBlrJrboH, rAe Ao MeHq HeMeAJreHHo ]Ke BnepBble AorxJrr4 cJryxn, qTo qr.rHbr [oJrHuHLr cTpeJrsror rr3 nyJreMeroB.- llo sroMy noBoA)' Mory cKa3arb roJrbKo oAHo: B noJlriqzu [yJreMeroB He 6uJro, no [oBoAy rryneMeroB Hr.{KTo HLIqero MHe He roBopan v Hr4Karilx cgeAeHuft no. groMy Bonpocy, rroKa ff 6u.n sa coo6o4e, Ao MeHq He Aoxo,q,IiJro. llpe4cranNrr ce6e ltpr.r KaKr{x o6crosre.nrcrBax r.r 22


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AOCTaBJTqeMbIX [pI{CTaBaMU, COCTaBJTflTb CBOAKy BCeX [pOltcurecrer4ft AHN, qro r.{ Berocb uM Bce BpeMg Ao MoMeHTa

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lt Apyrne no4po6uocru

repex{r.rroro BpeMeHlr. B) flpo noll Mofyr Aarb yKa3ariirrr ,'nrqa xa>x4srii Aelib rro HeclioJrbKy pas 6unanrurie y N{eHrr B pa3,'rrrrlHoe BpeMff AHfl II Horrr't, a r.rMeHHo: MoH tloMorquaxu, Vnpan.rr [anunfi] Kanqe.{sp [ueft] u uofi cerperapr l(yrenoe.

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r. fierporpa4

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focyTrap [crneHHan]

fI o.q.uusHlrr, pyKorrucb.

t_.Cy,q," no orBera-tr A. II. Ea,rxa, eMy saAaHbr Boflpocu: l) raue uun, 2) Bo3pacr, 3) eouucroe 3BaHr{e, 4\ 4orxuocm, 5) c.nyxe6uue o6rsaunocrlr, 6) o6crorrerbcrBa apecra, 7) yuacrue B [oAaBJteH[r.r peBo,rrc[iru. 2 24 tpenpa;rr a flerporpa4e 6acrosanu 224 npeAnprrflrlrs c 214 rHc. pa6ouux, T. e. HeMnoruu 6o.nee nolonnnu pa6ovnx cro.ruI1H (57010).-Jlefi6epoe H. fL Ha

rxrypM caMo,uepxaBfir. C. 144. 3 Keaprr.rpa KoMaH,{yprqero soficxaMn oKpyra reHe-

pan-leftreuaura C. C. Xa6a,rosa 6Hra s s4auun ;l--rr. I(onuo-aprul.nepnftcxofi 6puraau: Jlurefinufi npocnerr, 2,oKHaMrr na Bocxpecencxyrc ua6epexuyrc. Hs Hux 6ulu

rn4nn Hera n ninopar'ad Bu6oprcxofi-croponbr or

A;rexcagApoBcKoro (Jlnreftnoro) Mocra K rropbMe <Kpecru> u

ga.lee. flocrotbKy Mocr oxpansncr, geuoucrpauru

c Bu-


6oprcxoft cropoflr,r no nbAy nepeurnn Heay u no Jltref,HoMy ltpocneKry ruecrBoBatr Ha Hescxufi flpocrrexr. a 9nnosuax oco6ux nopyrennfi

nptl rpaAouaqaJlbnn-Ea.lx,

@. Axaenos ngca,r, 'rro A. fL ccEr.flarcb Ha MHoxecrBo ne6urnx B oAHHorIKy uo.nuqeficxux, yroBapusa.'r C. C. Xa6aaosa currb rro.nfi[eficrse nocrw, go ror

re H.

IIO3BOIIIJT Jrr{rrrb caBoHTb: yMeHbIIIIIB BABOe TIUCJIO IIOCTOB,

BbrcraBurb Ha KaxAoM lro ABoe ropo4oanx.- AraeIros H. @. Arosxn craporo pexrrMa. C. XVI. 5

3ro

coneulaHr.ie npoxoAr.rno Ha KBaprxpe

C. C.

Xa-

6a;rona.-,If,onpoc ren. C. C. Xa6a;rora, 22 uapra ll llaAenue qapcKoro pex(rrMa, r. I. JI., 1924. C. 186. 6 .[,neu 26 Qenpara soficra c?penrnn B ,rleMoHcrpau-

roB Ha 3uarraencxoii n,'IoqaAs, Jh.rogcrofi yn[qe,

CyBo-

poBcKoM npocreKTe, Ha nepeceqenuu Hegcxoro nPocneKTa

n

B;ra4uurpcKoro npocneKra, Ca4orofi yJIHrIbr, na6epex-

uofi Morkn. <V6urux H paneubrx B gTor

AeHb Hacqltrbl-

Baror corHrMu. O6yxoocxar, Mapnuucxaa, A.nexcau4poscxar, IlerponaB.rroBcKar r.r Ap. 6onbHlrllbl, a raKxe Jasa-

peTbr ruruoro

saBaJreHH paHeHHMIr. B uepreeqxue aocTaBJIeHo tpynon pa6ounx, yqalqnxct, )KeHIUHH>.- Kax pyc-

cxnfi napo4

aaBoeBa.n cno6oAy. O6sop peuo.rIlortl{onnIJx co6urrrlfi. llr., 1917. C. 8. 7 Peur u4er o BoccraHItLI 4-fi poru Sanacnoro 6a' TarboHa Jr.-rB. IIaBnoBcKoro [o.rlKa, c Koroporo Haqa,locb BoccraHr.re

flerporpaAcxoro rapHIr3oHa. I(ouan4up eroro

[o,tIKoBHHK A. H. Sxcres 6u;t y6ur AeMoHcrsa Kosroureuuofi nnoIqaAu. floapo6uee crr.t.: 9epiqee B. IO. Boccrauue flasroscxoro no,lKa 26 Qeapa.rr

6ara,lrosa paHraMu

r. ll Pa6o,tub xracc Pocct{H, ero cologHllKu rr noJllrs l9l7 roAy. /1., 1989. C. 152-177. 8 llo ieu.(ere,rrcrny H. @. Araernrosa, 25 $eapa.nr noc.reAnnfi AeHb, 3a xoropufi r A. fI. 6a;rxy nocrynulu AoHeceHHt npncraBoB, Aa I-I ro He Il3 Bcex ylactr<on. Vt1917

rHr{ecKrre npor}rBHl.iKri

porrr 26 Qenpa;ra HecKoJrbxo yqacrKoBblx ynpanaenufi yxe npexparu,'rn cyulecrBoBaHrre.,II,ueu BoccraBtune SaxBarblaa,nN, rpor*lx.rI[ u noAxHraJIIr ocTaJlbsHe no,nlqeficxne

lescrKH- AxaeMos H. @. Arouut craporo pexrarua. C. XVII-XIX. e Tar n reKcre: or BorHeHHt, A. fI. Ea.nr Hanucan

<QeepaJlb> BMecro <anpent>. llgct 7 gToro Aera npeAcraB,'rqer co6olo orlycK conpoBoAlrreJlbnoro orHolueuua a tlpeseuuafiuyrc c,reActneuuyrc KoMl'Iccurc or C;reAcrseHHofi- KoMlrccurr loc. 4yuu or ll alpent l9l7 r. u

cnoro

9ro no3BoJrter A. fl. ba.nxa.

yroqnlrrb

Aary

Harrucarilfl uoraganutl


2. 3AN NCKA TEHEPAJI-MAROPA A. N. 6ANKA

OE OECTO'TEJIbCTBAX APECTA Ero H HAXOAHBIIIHXC' C HIIM B AAM I{ PANTERCTB E JI Id II. l9 MAPTA 1917 r.

Konus 3AN UCKA

f EHEPAJIA 6AJIKA

19.III-1917 r. 27-ro <Denpann l9l7 r. reHeparl Ea4x, reuepal BeHreuepa;l Kasaroa, urr. oQnAopO, - xauepr6p Jlucoropcxuft,

uei npn fpaionauantcine Als oco6ux nopylennfi por-

rtru'crp-HrHaUnyc H HaTIaJIbHI'IK pegepBa [oJII'IUlIil .IlesncoH HaxoALIJrLtcb IIocJIe poc[ycKa scex soficx KoMaHAyIouI'IM goftcxalvln Xa6a.[ogEill{ Irg aAMI'IpaJlreficrna, B aAMHpaJIreficrge )Ke c lreJlbro BtilxAaTb saHflrue ero Bpelraenuuu

flpaenre.nrcrBoM I,I repeAarbcfl eMy. Kor,qa B aAMI'IpaJIreftcrso flBIIJIacb roJlna, pyKoBoAnMan [paflopqliKoM I.I coJrAaraMu, c Irenblo apecroBarb reHepaJla Xa6a.nona, rpaAoHar{aJrbHHK reuepaJl Dalr u HaxoAqu{Hect c HHM JIHqa o6'nxzwrtr, Kro oHH. fpa4oHaua.nbHllK npocl{Jl flpenpoBoAHTb llx a focyaapcrBeuHylo Ayr'ry, qro II 6H.[o sblnotHeHo Ha AByx aBToMo6unnx, npnrleM Bce opyxne BrrtueyKagaHHbre .[uqa ga6raroBpeMeHno [epeAaJII,I cropoxy B aAM]Ipaareficrae, rt oHo 6ulo npno6uleso K opy]Kllrc, cJIoxeHHOMy paHr,ue ylxeAunrr4lt soficxaMH, )KaHAapMaMH il IIo.nnuneft.

Bepuo: t{.ren

loc.

,[lyrrrsr H. Mapxon

III

[|.f I{A Jleuunrpa4a. <0. 1695, on. 6, r,. 27,

r. l. Konrc,

MAIIII,IHO.ttI{Cb.

25


3. BOCnOMI,|HAHt4fl A. n. SAJIKA PI3 APXI,IBA IYBEPOBCKOTO H HCTI,ITYTA BOHHbt, PEBOJITOIU]l V MHPA (cTSHOOPA, CIUA), lg29 r.

noc/rEAHnE nfTb AHEn UAPCKO|O NETPO|PA,IA (23-28 Qenpa.ur 1917 r.) .[,neruur nocJreAHero [Ierporpa4croro 23 Qenpa.tn

fpa4oHauaJrbHHKa

l9l7 r.

Ha ero qncJro HHKaKrlx gJroBeqrzx vxasaHafi se 6u.no. Haqa.rcs AeHb HopMallHo. floro4a or.tnunar coJrHequafl.

lLopos rpu noJrHoM 6eseerpull rpa4ycoo 5-6.B l0 q. yrpa, npr.rHr.rMaq AoKraAbr y ce6ff B xa6usere, craJr rroJryqarb rro re"neQony cBeAeHr.rs o6 oxusneHHorl ABri)KeHaH ua .IIureilsou u TporzqKoM Mocrax, a raKxe lro .II it refi nol:r y,r. u Hea cxo iray npbcnexry. E r,rcrpo Br,rf cHr{Jrocb, gro ABHX(eHr.ie 9To Heo6ltquoe yMbrIIIJreHuoe. llplrrara- nJIoIIIaAL,, Hencxaft, foTeJIbHbIe TIyHKTEJ: 3Haueucxafl poAcKar Ayua. B ny6laxe MHoro AaM, eilIe 6onlrue 6a6, yuanleftcr MoJroAexH H cpaBHHTeJIbHo c rrpexHr.rMrr BbrcryureHr.rrMu MaJio pa6or{Hx. KolecHoe u rpaueaftuoe AHr.rlKeHrle K 12 qacana AHq AoHecrH o ra- Hopr,{aJrbsoe. KoM )Ke ABH)KeHnH ua llerporpa4croft Cropoue no Eo.lruloMy a KauessoocrpoBcKoMy npocneKrarra. lycrar roJr[a MeAJreHHo u cnoxoiluo ABrrrarracb rto rpoTyapaM, ox(HBJreHHO pa3roBapvBaila, cMefl,'racb rr qacaM r( AByM CrAilIi CJrbrrrrHbr gayHbrBHble IroAaBJreHHbre roJroca: x.ne6a, x.ue6a... 14 raw npoAoJrxaJrocb Becb AeHb BcroAy. Tolna rar 6u croHa,'ra: <<;r.ne6a, x;ie6a>>. flplluev Jlurla olKtiBJreHHbIe, Bece,rbre u, [o-BtrAi{MoMy, AoBoJtbHb]e ocrpoylruoli, KaK Inr KasaJrocb, au4yrvrxoft nporecra. fIo 4ox.ira4v raoeuv KoMaHAyroq [enay] eoficranau flerporpa4 [cxoro] eoenHoro oKpyra feu [epar]-Jleftr [eHaHry] Xa6a;roey o co3AaBueMcs coBeprxeHHo HeoxHAaHHOM nOJrOlKeHrrr4, B MOe pac_ nopfl)KeHae 6lr"tu 4aHn: 9-uft 3arracH [ofi] xana,repnr?ixHfi vt l-it AoHcK loft] xasau [nfi] Eprr,raxa ro,rrKr{. g-ufi no.,rr noMeu{ad'rcr B Ka3apMax s6,'rl.rs]r Taapuuecxoro,[l,soDua. I(oruaH4up

no,rxonH

[ux]

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MaprurHon.

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xasa,lHrl

uro npn6u.l n llerporpa4. KoraaHAosaJr rroJrKoM rroJrKoBHHK Tpotuuu, BrrocJreAcrBHLI

26

Tod'rbKo


6uetuuft npu fenep [ane] .II,euuKHHe pocroBcKl{M rpaAoHa'

qad'IbHI{KOM.

[aurorrly] x [ananepr'rficxouy] Aut "up*pytu 9-uy san paSbe3AaMI'I OtIHXIaTb OT nyofl IIpHKa3aJI KpyIIHLIM

nOJIKy,

II{KI{ rporyapbl Ha JinrefrHofi H HeBcKoM. I(aearu, npu HapqAax noJIHIII{n, 6u.nn nocraBJIeHbI B OnpeAeJIeHHbIX nyHKrax ropoAa. " B 2 qaca fl noexaJl e o6lesA no ropoAy. I(analepncru Aeficreosanlr gHepruqno H pasyMtto: cnoxoftHo B'besx(aJII'I Ha rporyapu n rpe6onaJln or uy6.ttn-x-ll He ocraHaBJll'IBarbcff u paixonulbcn B 6oxosbre yJIIIIIsI. Hx c.nyrua.lucb' Ho KaK ToJrbKo pa3be3A yAaJlflncfl, ceftqac x<e onqrb 3arorHqflll H cryulanucb Ha rporyapax, IIIJIII MeAJIeHHo' cnoxoftno, ruxo r.r sayHblnno nontois.nn: xne6a, xJle6a. Ha HeecxolvI Ha MoHx rJla3ax ny6lnxa 6poculacl c rporyapoB Ha cepeAu.-

Hy yJrl4llbr I{ craJla rpyrlnHpoBaTbcfl rlporl{B I opoAcKOI'I Ayoit. HaprAu ToJIHuHH rlrlerHo yroBapnBann pasoftrncl' Td.nna ece- 6onlrue pocJla I{ [IyMeJIa. Vs[Aas fioJlycorHlo Ka3aKoB Bo rJIaBe c b6nuepor,,r y KasaHcxoro co6opa, 6esvqacrHo cMorpeBIxLIMH IIO CTOpOHaM, fl BbIJIe3 I'I3 aBToMo6r.r,rq, noAoIueJI K oQHqep-v, Ha3Ba.[ ce6q tt rloKa3aJI HeMeAH pac"rreHHo KapbepoM npn6urs K Mecry cocpeAoroqeHltfl oQuuep, Opy]KHe. yrnorpe6,rxr B roJr[Y, He ceffrb AeJIO coBceM MoJroAoft, cMyqeHHo [ocMorpeJl Ha MeHfl I'I BSJIbIM roJrocoM rroAaJI KoMaHAy. Kasaxn [ocrpollJll{ B3BoAbI H rrrafoM, cKoJlbgfl no uaxatagsoft MocroBoft, ABHHyJII{cb BrrepeA.

HecKoJIbKo ruafoB pqAoM c HI'IMI{' fl KpI'IKHy"I: Otfuuep [epeBeJI cBolo JIouaAb Ha <xoAy>, Ka3aKr.r rox(e, Ho qeM 6nuxe npu6,ruxa.nucb K ToJIne, TeM

flpoftaa

<<Kapbep>.

6ul alnnp, fi, HaKoHeI{, coBceM ocraHoBLIJIHcb. sapeBeJla or Bocropfa, Ho He HaAo,'Iro. I'Ie Kagascxoft yJII4IlbI BbIJIeTeJI raJlonoM pa3be3A xonsoft noJIHr{rru Lr ycrpeMLIJIct Ha ronny. MrHoeeHI'Ie, I'I Bce pas6exaIueAJIeHHee

Tolna

J]I,ICb.

IIo

ttplleeAe

a lpa4onaqaJlbcrBo

trlse

6ulo

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HO, TITO HA OTAAJICHHbIX Y.TIHUAX KYIIKH XYJIIIIAHOB II NOApocTKoB ocraHaBJI[BaIoT I.i3Bo3III{KOB rpySOBHKOB, a Ha

Bu6oprcroft cropoHe na CaucosbeBcKoM upocnexre 6u.ttt't 3aAep)Kanbr ABa rpaMBafiHux BaroHa, [pnqeM ABa oKoJIo-

ror{Hbrx r.r ABa no;luqeftcrux oQnqepa, BoABopflt nopqAoK, rroJryql.{Jrrl cepbe3Hble paHeHI.{r.-3anoAn pa6oraot...1 Kpacnux $.naron HI,IrAe He saMeqaJIocL'; af[raropoB I'I pyKoBoAl4reJreii 6ecnopn4KoB roxe He BI.IAHo. B nrore 4ua, flpnqnHa HapoAHoro ABI'I)KeHLII - HenoHflrua. Hn .[,enapTaMeHr flo,ruqun, uu OxpauHoe Or.u,e.reuue Ha MoK saupo27


cbl He MOrJIT.I yKa3aTb MOTr.rBbI BbrcTytrJleHun. IIDH BerreDHeM AoKrraAe .Hav1"rr [r_nur] oxpan [Hoio] ora [eniur.rn] iese-

pa;r-Maftop f,ro6aueB ire

r{Me,rr cseleHr.rfil o6tscussuux cryrrnBureecfl. He HcKJrnqaJrac! c.ilyuaftnocrr. Xopouran noroAa rox(e cbrrpalra po,'rb. lo.uoAa ne 6uno. Aocrarr MoxHo 6Hro sce. K xsocraM [prr-BbrxJrr{. Xne6, oxycuufi H rrnraTeJrbuult, eu4aeaJrcr_no ll12 e. Ha qe,,roBeKa, a pa6oquu H eoricxaM no ABa. V unornx-6brJra npunaceHa My_ Ka, cyxapu. BoJrHosarx cJlyxlr, pac[pocrpaHreMbre naHr{_ KepaMLI, rrTo cKopo MyKa [epecTaHeT AOCTaBJIflTbcg, a no_ roMy HaAo AeJrarb 3alacbr cyxapefi. Bo scsxoM cJryqae, Boflpoc o Eacryrra]ouleM roJr_oAe 6u.n pa3Ayr cauofi xe ny6narofi, K coxaJIeHrIIo, He 6ee yuacrNg r{HTeJIJIUtieHrIItH, rl loryrlunacb o6qag ilalura, BbrHeceHHag KeM_To Ha vJIHuv. a 3areM xoxAeur4e H BorrJrH: <<xJle6a, x.ire6a [!]>, oveinaH6, BceM HpaBHnocl: 6u,ro npl{grHoe gaHtTKe craBHTb rroJll{: rrnro B rJrynoe H cMerrrHoe ltoJroxenrle. V raxwvt o6pasou IVIHOTHC, BNOJIHC JIOflJIbHbIE JIIOAH, A S OCO6CHHOCT}I MOJIOAexb, 6eccognareJrbHo [oAtoroBJrgJrn KpoBaBb{e co6urra,

pa3brrpaBrrrHecfl B nocJreAyroqHe AHII...

flpoAoeomcrseHHbrft Borrpoc, rto npKqr,rue He[oJrHoro

KoruqecrBa AocraBJrflel\loil exe4uenHo B croJrn[y MyKrz, xorn n 6u.n HeMHoro o6ocrpeu, Ho He flpeAcraBJrflr rtpuqnn

Ans 6ecuoxoficrsa. B ropo4cxHx sanaiax HaxoAnJrcs He_ Aenruufi pe3epB {yKr.r AJrfl npoKopMJreurs 3-x rr,rH;l.nuon [HoroJ Hace.neuus 2. BoeHubre 3anacbr B cqer He rrrJru u n xt'ari_ HeM cryqae uoxno 6u"ro 6rt n I{MH Boc[oJrb3oBarbcfl. B ouepe4xx ilplrxoAxJrocb xAarb, Ho He 6onee ,oao HLr, x KoropoMy [priBbrKJro HaceJresne. Bce sa6orH nboao_ "o"*"_ BOJTbCTBeHHOTO OpraHa, BO rJraBe KoToporo yxe ABe HeAeIH HaxoAuJrcr He rpaAonalraJrbHuK, a no naoeft ycuneHuofr n

ynopnofi _npoct6e oco6oe, BnoJrHe caMocrosreJrbHoe Jrurro, Hlrqero o6qero c fpaAoHarraJrbcrBoM He rrMerouee. n leiicr_ nure;rruuriJ C [rarcxnfi] C [onernux] Befic, Hasniq6HHrrR r ocyAapeM, IIo npeAcraBJreHuro Munzcrpa 3eM.[eAe,ruq YHTTHXA' CBOAHJIHCb K IIONYqCH1,/,]'J0^ nAU6OIIbIIICTO KOJI,'I}I-

rIecTBa BaroHoB

c

tr,tyxoft, KoTopaq

s

Hso6wnuu HaxoAI{JIaCb

Ha ysJroBbrx craHur.rrx Anq srofi ue.nu 6u,rn - B sarope. KoMaHAHpyeu_u MunvcrpoM 3eu.neAenus oco6ne Jrnt\a _ ?oJrKaqlt, c 6onlurnufi [oJrHoMoqng.MLt. ExeAHesHo Ang HopMaJrbHoro yAoBJrerBopeHi.tfl Heo6xo4nuo 6ulo no.nyuurl 'o6utnfi 40 saroHoe MyKr4, no, uecuorpr Ha *p"* .ju"ut BafoHhI>), TaKoBbIe, 6.naro4apx gacrorropKe, npu6una.nu c l4-ro rpeopaJrs He rroJrHEilM quc;rolr. Bazay 3anacoB MyKH

BO3MO)I(HOCTb HC YMEHbIIIATb KOTAqCCTBO NAITXA,

'BJIflJIACb H3 pesepBa r.r o)KHAaq pacxoAyr elKeqacHo, uro MzHncrp 28


Coo6ureHLrq Haila4vrr o6eulansyro pa3rpysxy ysJloBbrx craHqnfi. TelerpaMMbl [oryl{arucb co Bcex cropoH'

flyreft

I{TO MYKA I{AET B 6O.NIIIIOIVT KOJII{qECTBE H qTO BOT'BOT CTO' ,rr.rqa 6y4er 3aJII{Ta uyxofi. IIo ivroefi HHurluarrlee s I qac [on] noulr s 6orllr]oft ga-

I

ne lpaaoHaqaJlbcrBa co6paloc_l 3aceAaHtae rIoA rl-peAceAarerincrsou fen [epan]-Jleftr [euanra] Xa6arosa. VqacrBoBarH: Haqanrnl.rx lllra6a feH[epa.n] -Mariop Tsxe;llHrrKoB, florrosHnx flaueuxo, xax Kouas4up feap4ericxltx qacreft (feHepan-,IIeftteuaur tle6uxutt, ronyJlflpHbI; cPgAv rBap1rrLr, yexa,'I He3aAoJIro Ha orAblx e KucnosoAcx) (ora"a"pt: 9-ro 3anac Inoro] KaBaJI [epufic-xoro] noJIKa llo;rxoo Innx] MaprrtHoe, I(ouaIr4up Ka3aq [le-ro] -rlorKa

flolxosInuxj

TpouJtHu, HauarbHI'IKI'{ goeH-[HHx] pafioHoo,

a4rnotaHr ieH-epa,ra Xa6anosa JI.-fs. @uH,rmacx{oro]

Ma[xennu, HaqanrH [ur] Oxpa_g [noro]-Ornonxa flopyuux fenep 4e.ir [enuxi [a.n]-Maftop -AI.IBI{3I{oHa f,ro6aqee, - Kou-aHl-[up]

fenepa,r-M_[aftop] KaiaXanaaprui[crorol KoB, IloniqeftMeficrepa: Aeftcrsrrertuuft Crarcxnfi Co' fpuroplen, flo"'tBerHr,rK 3Haqroscxnfi, leu [epa.rr]

-Mafiop flolron [rux] Ilia,rQeen, I1o.nx [oo-Hnxi nu-e.rrr.rn, !, [eficrnurenrHufi] C [rarcruft] p [o_eeruur] xou [Hrar<] Cnupu4onoe,

Mopoxr.r, Hau [a.rrsnnx] pe3epBa flo.rrxoe Inux] Jleo_ncon, Hau [a.rrrnrax] Cucxn [oro] ot4elen [un] Cr [arcxnfi] cos [eriNx] I(npnuuuuroB, Hau Ia.nlnlrx] peuH [oli I no,rnunn fiuep[a"r]-Mafiop Haynaon, Mofi ceKperapb A. A. KyrerroB H Bce quHbr, cocroq[Iue Als oco6ux lopyr{eHufi npn f p a4ouaua,'lbHHKe. B saqare 3aceAaHufl n o3HaKoMHJI IlpucyrcrByloru,Hx c co6ur[qMz 4Hr. flocrpaAaBllrne 6nt,rn ro.ttxo y'rloMsHyrble Bbl[re qHHbI lroJII{uLIH. Buscupt.ltocb, .ITo xasaqHli noJIK Bo Bcex cJryqaqx 6esAeftcrBoBaJl. flonxoeHnx Tpou.nuu, oqeHb cuMrrarnqHbrft u nu4epxaHHuft r{eJIoBeK, 3aflBHJI, r{To noJIK ToJrbKo qro rIo[oJIHeH. Kasaxn He oIIbITHbI s o6paureuun c rornofi H Moryr Aeftcrsogarb roJIbKo opyxueM, I'I qro JrorxaAlr y Hnx He npnyqeHbl K ropoAy. Ha nonpoc oAnoro I{3 BOCHHbIX HAI{AJIbHIIKOB, IIOqCMY KA3AKH HE PA3TOHqJi[ ToJr[y HafafiKaMu, [oJIyqHJIct AJII Bcex coBepIrIeHHo Heox<uAaHunfi orBer: <<Haraex B rIoJIKy ner>>. leu. Xa6anoe [plaKa3aJr I{3 cyMM, HaXOA'UIEXCS B ero pacnopqxeHEl,I, orrrycrurb HeMeAJIeHHo uo 50 K. Ha xa3aKa Ha o6saseAeHHC HA|ACK.

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38


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gHalor, rAe n qro c Kyrenonuu. C 2-x qacoB Ans co6urur nporeKaJrx c noAaBrgroqefi 6ucrporofi. 9acos He rroMHro. flounrc ToJIbKo, qro cflyqnJrocb B fpa4ouaua.rrbcrBe Ao cyMepeK r{ qro 6uno nocre cyMepeK n A4nrupa.nreftcrBe, KyAa Mbr Bce tto [pHKa3aHI{ro reHepaJra Xa6aJrosa [eperrrJru, KaK K Mecry, rAe y4o6Hee pacnoJrararb oTpfAbr r.r 3arquqarbcq B cJryqae HanaAeHI.Ifl; qro raKoe upousofi4er, HHKTo I{g Hac He coMHeBaJIcfl. Ha orpng noJrKoBHr.rKa Kyreuooa Bo3JrafaJrvcb Bce HaAexAbr. Ero Hey4ava npnruu6.na oKouqareJrbno sHeprrrc Xa6a.[oea. Oxo.no 3-x ,racos AHs floqBuflcs e fpaAouarrarbcrBe coBeplrreHuo pacrepqHHbrfi renepan Ee,rsee. OH yI.a[rlrltcfl, B oTAeJrbHyro KoMHary c feHepaJrorrr Xa6anosErr\,r r{ raM onr{ coBexla.nucr. tlepm HeKoropoe BpeMff Ha Mecro

sa6onesuero noJIKoBHuKa llasreHxo 6ul Ha3HaqeH H BbrsBaH reHepar 3aHxesuq. leHepana 3aHxeguqa fl sHaJr AaBHo. I(opeHuoft oQuqep. JI.-fe. flaeroscxoro rroJrKa, a Ha eoilHe KoMaHAr{p groro xe [oJrKa, soeHHbrfi areHT B Pymunnn u Ancrpo-BeHrpnr,r, reHepaJr-KBaprnpueficrep, a B nocJIeAHHe AHLI HarlamH[r 46


reHepaJl 3agKes['{ Ae!'Ia,t 6necrqfeseDarrsoro lllra6a - HaxoAqHsHii, ytrlerculuir .6srctpo ruyFo Kapbepy. Cue.nufi, gaBoeBblBarl o6utyro ct'IMlarlrlo, nplr cpaBHI'ITerbHoI.{ MoJIo-

Aocru u 6o,ruuofi rpyAocloco6Hocrn, oH 6u.it K roMy xe u 6o.nnruoft Io,IIHTHK. Ero HasHaqeHze Ha Mecro 6onrsoro norxosnuxa flaeJIeHKo uaAo 6u.no roJIbKo npI{BercrBoBarb, Ho... rIoJIo}Keuae 6u.tto HacroJlbKo 6egnaAexHoe, qro reHepaJl 3aureBI,Iq, Ha3HaueuHHft, KaK MHofHe H TIoHuMaJII'I, He 3aMecrHTe,'reM noJrKoBHI{Ka flao.neuxo, a pyKoBoAHTeJIeM Bcerc Ae' Jra, yx(e He Mof clacrll AeJIo, a roJIbKo 6olee JIoBKo sHfirH LI3 COS.d.aBlxerocfl nOJIO)KeHHg.

He ycne,rlr eu{e KoHtIHTb coBelqarbcfl reHepaJIbI Eenges u Xa6a,ron, KaK, rlpoxoAfl no npueuHoft B xa6uHet, g K HeM a Jr o My yAr.r B JreH HIO, y Br4/.ail TIOAbI M a loulerocfl no n a p a4noIi .necrnrzue uoeft rnaprupu Benuroro KHsgq l(upu.n.na B;la'

AHMapoBHqa.

3a unu IxeJI pacreps,snuilcfl,

urnefiqap. VnH-

AeB MeHq, Be.ui.txttft KHqst no3AopoBa,'Icfl Ii BbIpa3I'IJI xe' JraHAe rrepefoBopnrb coBeplxeHHo HaeAI{He. f npoeel Ero BHcoqecrso HesaMerHo Arq Apyrux qepe3 3afl uoeft xnapTI'lpbI B MOlO Ma,'Iyo rOCTI{HyIo'

Be,raruft Kssgr, coxpaHsfl noJIHoe cnoxoficrsne, cer'I yAo6no B MflrKoe Kpec,'ro, [peA!'Io>KaJI MHe cecrb Hacy[poTHB, II pOBHbIM, OTqeT.IIIiBbIM, ?aK XOpOIIIO BCeM H3BeCTHbIM toJrocoM ero noxoftHoro orua, cnpocllJr: <<Karoso no Ba<<Boesuuft 6yur uauarcs c 8 qarrreMy roJroxeHae [? j u - He roJrbKo He rIoAaBJIeH, a c KaN(coB yrpa I.I Ao cr4x rlop Abrl,r qacoM yBeJri.iqrrBaercs>>.- <<PaeBe eoficxa LIS oKpecr<<Hacxonrro MHe HsBecrHo, tIpHHocreil He npu6u.rr.r [?] , - oHLI 6es4eficrnylor.>> <<9ro xe 6t'tno 2 gcKaApoHa, Ho LI - croJllrqa 6yaer AaJrblxe [?] , <<f no,rararo, qro HoI{bIo oKaxercrr B pyKax 6yuronururon>>. Be"nvrxnft KHgsr gaAyMa,'rcs, a 3areM roJrocoM, no,'IHbIM ropeqE, Harlar foBopHTb:... ro 3arouqrae pagroBop, clpocn,'r: <<He gHaete JrLI, rAe re<<3Aecl Ha coBerqatilv c renepaJloM HepaJr Be.rses [?] , Xa6anoeHru>.- <<fl- xoreJr 6u ero roBuAarb. llpono4I.tre MeHff.,.>>

f

npone.n

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lIr.rHoBHHKr4 Anfl,

.47


Kaxaq-ro QpanuyxeuKa co csoefi npaclyrofi saflBJrs,ra

oSllxesHuna roHoM, rITo cetoAHff He MoD,'ra Aocrarb 6e.noro xne6a, a or qepHoro xBopaer. Ona 6una rax Hagoftrusa n BMecre c reM TaK HecqacrHa, r{To, qro6st orAeJlarbcfl, fl rrpr.rKa3a,'r npnHecril eft sa rroAuoce Qpanuyscryn 6ylxy. Bocropr 6u.u nolHlrfi. OHa yrxJra, pacroqafl 6.naro4apHocru. Co6urnqMn oHa He r{HTepecoBaJracb. OQraqep, np[exaBuuit ro,rrxo r{To c Qpoura, y6e4r.rrelluo AoKa3brBaJr MHe, qro roJrny MoxHo pacceriBarb, 6pocar 6ou6u, pacnpocrpaHflroIrIHe AbrMoBbre 3aBecbr.

Aaa oQlqepa c

npecrynHbrMrr

QusuoHour.rrMlr HaxaJrbHo,re3Jrrr, rpe6yn asrgMo6xrr, Ang y6opr<lr c y,'rr4r{ paHeubrx, BHA Koropbrx nponsBoAr.rr Ayprroe BrreqarJreHr4e Ha ro,{[y. IJ,e,rr 6u.ua gcsa: agtoluo6r.url r.]N{ 6un HyxeH AJrr afnrauuu. f uanpaBr{Jr r{x x reuepany Xa-

6aloey, rlpeAynpeAHB, r{To c,'IeAyer ycraHoBI.irb I.ix JII{tIHocru. K coxa,reuuro, oHLI ge 6lt,ril apecroBaHbr rr BHoBb noflBu,rrlcb yxe no6e4HTeJ'rffMH e Mr.IHacrepcKoM flagu,tlone 29 Qeapa.na 16. fpaQuHs Bnrre 3BoHr.rr'rd no re.neQoHy, o[acaflcb sa csofi oco6Hqx 17. lpaQuHr tr4rHarreea nepeAaBa,'ia. rITo MoJIur 6ora nocJlarb MHe cHJIbI.- BHsuHtl npeMbep Tpenoa o6a4pnna,r MeHr, roBopfl, qro, gHas Moe cnoxoficrnire, oH yBepeH, qro B KoHrre KoHrloB nopr4ox 6yAeT

BOCCTaHOBJTeH.

B ro xe BpeMfl npou3orrreJr rypleeHurt

pa3roBop c

fierporpa4crnu fopotcr<liu fo.roBoft li. 14. JIenqHosHNr. flsfistultcl s fpa4onauaJrbcrBo B xopo[reM HacrpoeHlrH, oH B OqeHE' BOX,'II{BOM TOHe H3BI{HH,'ICfl, qTO OTpbIBaeT MeHfl

OT

AeJI, I{ SaflBVJr rITO TOdIIbKO IITO Ha AyMCKOM 3aCeAaHI{il pe[reHo Ece rrpoAoBoJrbcrBeHHr,re Kor{HccrrH nepeAarb Ifopogcxori] Ayue, a oH, KaK llpe4ceg,are,rr flpo4ono,'rbcrBeHsoft Kouuccr.nl, HagHarrzJr gaceAaHr4e Ha gaBTpa ua 4 uaca, TaK Bor I.I cnpatrraBaer, y4o6uo nu LJtr ]\,reHfl gro Bper{fl. fi c yAlrsreHI.IeM rrocMorpe,'I Ha Hefo, Ho, ue )KeJrafl Tepgrb BpeMs, cKaSaJI, rlro Ha3Haqeusltil rlac MeHs BII6JIIIe ycTpal.rsaer. fI. 14., no-vugr.IMoMy, ocrar'rcfl yAoB,'reTBopeHHbrM H Ao6asur, qro 3aBTpa 6yayr us6pauu npeAcraBr.treJrH ropoAcKr.rx pafiouoe or HaceJreHr.ifl H qro raKHM o6pasou rrpoAoBoJibcreeHHrrfi Bonpoc o6,re.rercs s 6o,'ree x{!rgHeHuyn Qopuy. f u c grr.rM corJracuJ'rcr, H oH, BrroJrHe AoBoJrbHurl, cepAer{Ho paclpoqaBrrrucb, yexar'r. f, xoporuo eHaa ero, He Mor gafioAo3plrrb B HeHcKpeHHocrH. Sror uelonex, KAK V. MHOrI{e B TO BpeMq, HeCOMHeHHO BepI.r,'I B BedrrHKyto, 6ecxponuyio...

Tyr xe saAo 6uno AaBarb yKagaHtfl MHofoqucr'reu-

HbrM cBoHM noAqI{HeHHbIM lr IIpaHHMaTb CporrHbre AoKJraAu. 3a Becb AeHb y MeHfl He xBarri,'ro BpeMeHH cAeJrarb 48


HecKoJrbKo KperrHrbcs. -

[raroB, 3afiTH B

CTOJIOByIO

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B ra6i-rsere MoeM npi't6unarcu1lle c AeJIaMu 6unn noliyri pacrepsHbl. Co6upa,roct ece 6onlttree u 6onlruee ron&qeciso oQHqepoe. HacrpoeHlle cfyuraJlocb. Haqalacl pbr

aroHxq BJracrH. PasAanllcl pblAaHus. I'IcrepuvHo KarrHTaH

Kexcro,rrucxoro [o,'iKa:

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f ,rnqHo [oJlyqtui irpHKa3aHIie paclycrltrb c,'Iy]Kaur[x npr.r Vnpan,reHHI.I n fpa4oHarla.rIbcrBa I{ HaxoAlirbcs -_rrptl reuepa"r-e Xa6a"'roee. fl rIpHrJIacIL,'I Vnpanlaroulero Kauqe.napnefi A. C. C. fo,roeaHoBa, cBoux noMoulHHKoB H co-

crorruux rrpu MHe I{HHoB A.ril oco6Hx rtopyrleH]lli u nepeqro6u AaJr npHKa3aHLIe o npeKpalqeHlilr sanqitlil lI o ro['I,

oHlr lrl"rn no AoMaM.- <<flpirxo4urr, ,rl.i, Barue flpenocxo4ncnpoc[,'I VnpannrrcreJrbcrBo, BaBrpa Ha 3aufrnfl [?] , - crpeJls6a ua yilllt1ax uiufi.- <<To,'tuxo B ToM c,Ilyqae, ec!'Ilr Aacr BosMolKHocrb 6esonacHo riepeMeuarrcx>. O6paur,ascb K cBotIM troMoLqHIIlial,r, 406aBLt"'t: <<A Bac, focIIoAa,,, rtpouy HaxoAi.irbcrr nprl MHe; B c,ryqae Hecqacrbs co MHolI, crapuntrt uz Bac Bcryrll{T B ticlo,'tHeHue o6sganirocreri fpa4oHarraJibsrrKa. lenepa,'r-,'reiir IeHanr] BeH4opQ n I(anaeprep

ne MeAJIx HIr ceKyHAbI, eAaHoAylxHo orBeru,rtI: <<C,nyttlaeM>>. Ocra,rrglte qHHbI, cocroflurtie npI,I MHe: cr Iarcxraii] con [eruux] B. H. Cro6eyc, Cr [arcrufi] Coe [ernnx] H. O. AKaelios, porMucrp tr4rHaqllyc, 6apou Ocres-CaxeH, rpaQ Jlancxoii u Cexperapr A. H. Kyrenoa 3AflBr4Jrrt, qro B nepexnBaeMylo MHHyry el]Ie 6o;rlrue se,Illrcoropc_r<ufr,

xeJrH KorAa-nu6o cqHTaFor cBoLIM Ao!'IroM ocraBaTbcfl npH lpa4ouauanbHI,tKe.

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pHrT,

,IITfl BCEX HAC HC}KCJATCJIbHO. BpeMeHIi KaprHHa rlaAeHaff BJIacrH yxe BbIpr.rcoBbrBanacr. Boficxa He npornBocroflJlu 6yHronuuxau, fiepexoAu,'rr Ha rix cropoHy, B ,tyqueM cJlyqae 6esAeftcrsoearlr. C 6o,rrunucrBoM yqacrKoe re.neQonHas cBsgb npeKpararacb. Hexoropue llg HHx 6u.rru pasrpoM"'reHbl H rloAo)KX{eHbI. LIiaHsI noJIHUHH nepeoAeBa,tHcb B lurarcKoe KOHCI{HO

K arouy

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49


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feHepa.n Xa6a,ros Bce gro gua"'r. Ori{ocr.rreJrbHo yrlurfiul eMy roBopH.[r.r. flo,{eMy oH He Bocno,'rb3oBaJrct noMoulbn rcHoueft, pBaBrrrl.rxcg npnHgrb yqacrfle B [oAaBJreHuu 6yraTa, ocrar'rocb AJrfl MeHq coBeprrelrHo HenoHffTHbrM. Moxer 6brrl, on 6os.ncg. o6sr.{HeHLrq B npHB,'reqeHuH yrrauluxcg K noJrr.rruKe, qero Aet?ctBr.rreJ'IbHo paHblrre ncropufl He 3uaJra. Heeo,'rlHo 3aAaerxb Bonpoc, qro noqyBcrBoBaJrn 6u uuraufoBaBIrIile o ,[lyrvre, KofAa 6u ysua.[u, qro Ayua oKpyxeHa xasa.nepuefi n B 6poueabrMu MarrrHHaMH c [yrrrKaMLI H rlyJICMCTAMH.,.

Cra,'lu pasMerqarbcs s AArt{Hpa,'rreftcrne. [lra6 reneparra Xa6a,'IoBa noMecrHJ'tcq B rIepBoM STaxe Ha,'IeBo or BXo!,a. Euno AocraroqHo nae6e,ru. 14uencs ryr rxe H reJleQon. f c cBoIiMLI AByMq noMoIIrHHKaMfi, reueparoNl KasaKoBbrM, noJrKoBHHKotr4 JIesHcoHoM MH porMHcrporvr I4rHaUHycoM l'i H.

lI

Bce-Taxu npn6unrun-

O. AKaelraosHlr{ yceJlHcb B cropone rpynnofi. H. B. Cro6eyc, orIo3AaB Ha aBroMo6r.r,rl, HecMorpfl Ha npocTyAy, To)Ke HaripaBiiJlcfl 3a HaMI{, Ho, npo6,'lyx{AaB AoJrro no AAuupanreftcrny LI He HaftAfl Hac, ro[reJl Aouofi. c sauu )Ke r]axoAl{Jrcg 6Hsulxfi IOJILIH,lreftcrep Bacu"rrescxoro ocrpoBa reHepan lan.ne, HeAaBHo Ha3HaqeHHbrft Bapruaecxnu O6ep-no.irr.ruueficrepou. XoTq oH HfiKaKOfO yqacTHfl B Aene He npHHIiMaJI, HO, IiHTepecyrcb co6urusua, Aepxancs npr-r IIIra6e renepa.na Xa6a,rosa. PacnopaxaJrcn reHepan 3aHresllv. fenepaa Xa6a,'los 6ll,r cnoxoeH u rlo o6slrgogerinlo MonI{a,'IHB. llo HsuulrarliBe reuepara 3aHxesuqa 6u,'to orAaHo pacnopsxenne nocrpourbcx ua ,U,nopqoeoft [JioIIraAII poraM Jl.-fe. flpeo6paxeHcKoro norKa, pacronox{euHblM B KagapN{ax ua Mnn,rltouuoft y,ruqel8. feuepar 3auxeanu, [tBsecrHr,lfi [onKy flo Boilue, BbrIIIe,'I K poTaM, [o3AopoBanct I{, cKa3aB HecKoirbKo cJIoB o nepe)KHBaevttx co6Htnflx, o6olien pffAbr, pa3roBapllBafl c co,ryAaralta. Poru orBernJrr.r Ha [pr.{BercrBlle H eoo6ule Aepx(afiIi ce6n AltcutlrIJIHHHpoBarruo... feuepar 3aHxesltq Bce xe raKit BbIHec BneuarEc)


r'leHne, rITo nocbrJrarb r.tx nporriB 6yHroeulnroB pHcKoBaHHo: KaK 6u He yBe!'mrrnTb pqAbr [porfiBHHKoB. Heua.no flpolxrro BpeMeHH, noKa Hanaxv,Bailvcb cuolrreHI{fl no HoBoMy reneSoHy, xorfl I,r3 fpa4oHauarbcrBa AexypHufi oKor'rororrnbrft He6pacxlrH, He flox(e,'raBrrrrift ocrasrarb ceoli nocr, Bce BpeMq yKa3brBa,'r coeAr.{HfliouluMcg Ho-

Mep Haruero HoBoro re"reQoHa. BoeHuoe Haqarucrso HaIIIJIo B or4e,rruoti KoMHare eqe oAnH re,reQoH, i,r c grofo BpeMeHr-r pa3foBopbr Be,rrHcb He B MoeM npucyrcrrnu. f To,tbxo ABa pa3a 6tt.[ eligsan x re;re$oHy: Haqa,rrnnr no>NapHoii KoMaHAbr feHepaJr JIHrsHHoe AoKJraAbrBa,'r MHe o pa3Mepax no)KapoB 3a AeHb pt s 12 qacoB uoun 4exypnuft oKo,-'roroqgblfi npu re,neQoHe AoK.{aAbIBaJr, r{To B gAaHEII fpa4oHauanbcrBa Oxo.no 7 qacos seqe- 6,rarono,nyuHo. pa npr[rer'r a A4uupa.treftcreo 6Heilrfifi KonaaH4up fnap4ei.icxoro l(opnyca leHepa,r Eeso6pasoe, rroAceJr K o6irleMy crony u, o6paularcb K reH. Xa6anoay, cnpocuJr: <Barue flpeeocxo4[TeJrbcrBo, gnaere lu Bu, rAe HaxoAr{Tcfl roJrooa 6yHronqnqecxori fuApbr [?] > feHepal Xa6a.uoB qro-ro HeBHtrFIo orBerHJI.- <<fonosa fnApbr Ha TasDr.r'{ecxofi v;ulqe, n locy,u,apcrBeHHofi Ay"e. Orpy6nre e'e r.r sarrpa n cro,[Hue Hacry[Ilr cnoKofi crBr.re>. feHepa.u Xa6a.rloe orBeruJ'r, rlro oH gHaer Ii rrocblr'Iaer orprqbr. 3areu reHepaJr Eeso6pasoa pacupouraJrcfl. rlacu rruy,rucr. OrprA He [ocbr,ralcs. Cu4r n rpecJrax, Mbr ApeMaJ'rH. lenepax Xa6a;ros co [Ura6ou neperue.n B orAenbHyro KoMHary. tlacos oKoJro l0 fenepa"r Xa6a.[og nprlrJracn,'r MeHE ri coo6IrIHJr, uro flerporpa4 o6tan.nen Ha ocaAHoM noJrox(eHrrlr. EHeruafi l"[asHHft BoeHHuft flporypop reHepal-;rerir [enaur] Maxapeuro Ha3HaqeH Mniucrpou BHyrpeHHHx Ae.r, '11o o6 sroNa vlKe [eqaraForcfl B I(aHqe"upnH Mopcxoro fllra6a o6tqsienns H rrro HaAo Hx pacx,'reurb rro ropoAy. f Ao.toxun, Lrro pacKJreuBarb o6rsnnesNr B Hacroflrqee BpeMfl MolKHo roJrbKo nplr oxpai{esI{}r pacx.ueftuluron oco6nult Bor.rHcKr.iMH HapqaaMH n qro Heo6xo4uu x.nefi n Kr.lcrg. JImAeli xe s ueueAJreHHo Ha3fiaqy. KorAa 6H.[H roroebr JrroA]i, renepaJr Xa6aros cxasaJI, qTO OXpaHeHHe AaTb He MO)KeT, a TaKX(e HeT KJIefl H rucreli.- <flycrn Baruu llo4u pas6pocalor, a fAe MoxHo cKBepa o6tqereHuq n pafione - Hai{enflr HauorpaAy Aguupa.nrericrea ,(nopqoeoii n,.touraAu)>. fl oraa.lr coorBeTCTByrOqHe rrp HKa3aHr.lfl

.

Oxono 12.l12 qacoB lrorrr{ rer{epan Xa6anoB Heox(uAanHo AJIS MeHq orAa.4 pacfloprlxeHne nepefira e 3llMHHfi Asopeq lt npuforoBurL,cq K 3aulitre ero, npr.icfloco6lrn nyJreMerbr Bo BTopoM gralKe. He craxy, qro6u aro npurasa6:r


HLIe Kofo-HH6yAb yALIBHJTo HJrIr BsBoJrHoBaJro. Vcranocrl, roJroA, coH, a uraBHoe co3HaHr{e, xors o6 sroM BcJIyx He roropxJlocb, qro soficxa He xorgr aKTlrBHo Bblcrynarb H qro HarraJrbHHKt4, yxe r{yBcrByff ceoe 6eccuJrlle, BceMIi MepaMIl craparorcs orAaJrl.Irb peuarcquft MoMeHr,- Bcex yrHeTaJro...

Oqyqa.rracb ararvrfl rr uoJrHoe paBuoAyrur{e Aa)Ke x co6creeHHori yqacrn. fIoAHqrncr. Harrarr,r nponycKarb KoMaHAbr. 3arpoMbrxaJra aprr.rJrJrepr.rr. Hn rouanA, Hn pasroBopoB. Tsrocrsoe MorqaHne. Mopcxoe HarraJrbcrBo .nrc6esHo npoBO)KaJIO HaC, OqeBHAHO, paAyffCb, qTO OTAeJraJrOCb OT OnaCHux rocreft. Benuxo.nenrafl, rvrxafl, soqr. Ha yJrr{qax peAKaq oAuHorrHafl crpe,'rb6a. Banslorcs o6rssreHl.Ifl reHepana Xa6anosa. MeAreHHo HAeM, r{ HeBoJrbHo .nrc6yerr,rca r<pacannqefi Heooft, .[,noplrou, flerpouaonoscxor? Kperrocrbro. IIpoxoxr.rx H softcx coBeprueHHo He Br.rAHo. Oxo.uo Mocra cBepHyJrH Ha[paBo no Asopqosoft ua6epexuoft. B ero BpeMs, MoJrqa, He npoqaflcb orAeJruJrcs renepaJr fan.ne u ttotrreJr no Mocry ua llerep6ypfcKytcl cropoHy. Kro-ro upoHI.IqecKIt sa Merr.rJr: <<Cnacaer urKypy>.

Bo 4aopeq BorrrJrr{ qepes noAbesA Anercan4pa II n nonaJrrlr B .na6upuur Kopr{AopoB, rAe yxe croflJrlr, cvr$eilz, a KTo H JrexaJr, Haruu softcra. OQr.ruepbr yKa3bIBaJIu Mecra HapsAaM, qacrb [oAbrMaJracb c [yJreMeraMu Ha Bropofi arax. Bce cocrosq[e ltpn reHepaJIe Xa6arone, ocraJlltcb B nepBoM gTa>l<e B AByx 6o.nrIunx KoMHarax, [oKpbITbIx

KoBpaMLr H yBerrraHHbrx KaprI{HaMIa. Msrxue AI,IBaHbI n |Ao6nue KpecJra MaHI{JrI{ K orAblxy. flogsl,Iracn HaAex(Aa, lrro, HaKoHeu-To, [epeAoxHeM r.r Hac HaKopMgr. Ho paaoua-

poBaHr.re [oJrHoe. Bcrpeua.ru Hac rrpr.rBerJrHBo roJrbKo crapbre r'raKen. 3ane4yrcEnfi 4nopqonr reHepaJr KareropnqecKlt saflBnnt,.rro 6ee pa3perxenr..rn Mnnncrpa ,Il,oopa He nycruT Hac H rpe6yer, qro6u Mbr HeMeAJreHHo yrrrJrn us .[I,oopua.

feuepa.n Xa6a.nos MoJrqaJr. lenepan 3anresu.r crar y6exAarb w o6'sscusrb noJro)Ken[e uorpeBoxeHuoMy or cHa reHepaJry. Haxose(, 6u.no nolyqeHo pagperrreHue ocrarbcfl Ha BpeMg, [oKa reHepaJl cHeceTcfl co cBoI{M HaqaJIbcTBoM. Kro-ro r{3 cJryxaqux lto cBoeMy floqrrHy rrpncJraJr roprqero qafl c x.ne6ou. Haqarcs o6ururl pa3foBop. Eu.no u ropbKo H cMerluo: a A4rrlupanreftcrse u ,(nopue Mbr flBJrfleMcs nouexofi. flo-snAnr,roMy, Ha Hac cMorpsr KaK ua o6peuenHbIx ri garueft noMoIJrLI He roJIbKo He xeJraror, a 6oatcx uatuefo rrpncyrcrBllq KaK noBoAa K orBercrBeHnocrl{ g 6yA,y-

uleu. Bc.ne4crBl,Ie cBoero 6eccurns Mbr oKa3aJrl{cb AJrr Bcex Jrr{rrrHx [e] u 4axe onauru [e] . 51


r re.neQoHy I'I3 I{apcxoro Ce,ra floruoutreHepaJl fporeH.- <<9ro rau KoMenaasra nHr !,aopuoBoro y Bac npoucxo4nt [?] , - nocJIbIIIraJIcs 6oApuft HaqaJIbHI{qecruft foJloc.- <<Bce yxe [poI'I3oIxJIo, a rellepb reHepaJl Xa6anoe c cBoIlMId soilcraNl[ He Moxer saftrn Mecra' rAe pacnor'ro)Kr{rbcr>.- <<Mesg He 9To l4Hrepecyer. f cnpaurntr{.eHq eHsea.rr

Baro, Hacryrrr4Jr

Jrr4

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fl ylusun-

cooblcfl, rITo reHepar'I fporen He IroHI{Maer cepbe3Hocrl'l rult. fl BKparlre o6tqcnlul. Ton ero nepeMeHI'IJIcq.- <<fl Bac

npoAoJI>Kar'I oH,- yrpoM cBo-eBpeMeHHo coo6ToJInbI Ha[paBqrcg e L{apcxoe Ce.no>>'ecJILI rlrl.trb MHe,

noflpottry,-

Ha Mecrax yxe Her, yqacrKlr pagrpoM,'IeHu, releQoHHax cBg3b orcyrcrByer LI r{To Aaxe soficKaMu, HaxoAflurllMl'{cfl rlpl,t feHepaJle Xa6anoee, pac[opsxarbcfl oH He peuraercr.- <<9ro x<e Aa,'rbrxe 6yAer?>>,- o6ecnoroenHblM lo,tocoM crrpocIiJI reHepaJr.- <<Ec;ru He rpI.IAyr K yrpy BepHbIe noficra,- 6yaer i<oneq Ilapcxoli Pocclln, raKoBo Moe MHeHI{e. Bce-taxx neperoBopl{re c reHepaJIoM Xa6a.rlosbIM.>> - CreAcrelreM pa3roBopa reHepa.na lporeHa c reHepaJloM Xa6a.roeura 6uno npuxasaHne I(orraan4upy xan4 [apucxonol 4aeus [nona] HeMeAJIeHHo orrlpaBlirbcff c AI'IBI'I3IIoHoM e IJ,apcxoe Ceno s pacrloJlo)KeHI're !,nop[oBoro KouesAaHTa AJrfl, HeceHLIfl pa3BeAbIBarelrsoft c.nyx6u. leuepan Kagaxoe AoJIox{I{JI, qro JIIoAH I{ JIoIITaAII cyrKI'I

f onqrl pa3bfcHI{JI reHepaJly, lITo tro,rlluliill

HI'IqE|O HC CJIU, TAK KAK KA3APMbI AHBLISLTOHA I{3 tIHCflA IICP.

6b,urlr saHffTbI 6ynroauluxarraa. I(poue roro, JIoIxaAI{ He IIOAKOBaHbI Ha OCTpbIe IIII{nbI, I'MTO B TaKOM COCTOSHLIH

sHx

c.nyx6y, npoftas 25 oepcr, AIrBI'I3IIoH fenepan Xa6a.[oe BbIc,'Iy[IaJI H He HacralrBar'r. llpn6.nzstzteJlbHo qepes qac Ha[Iefo npe6nnannx so .[,eopue 6u,no nolyrleHo npvKa3aHl{e or HMeHlI BeluKofo I(Hnsr MHxau.na A;rercan4poBnqa, npn6usurero ToJrbKo rrro Bo .[,nopeu, BbrBecrl{ Lrs ,[nopua HapflAbl. Vsursne rroJluoe. Kyaa narN. fl rIpeAJIoxL{JI 3aHfrb pa3BeAbrBarer'rbHyr,o

HecrLI He Mox(er.

flerponaeloBcKylo Kperlocrb H TaM orcl{xnBarbcn, o)KlrAafl noAxoAa softcx. Oreer: B Kpenocra rapHLIsoH roxe 6rltsox x 6ynry. Peureuo oilrrrb BosBpaularlcs s AAl\.Irpa.ureficrno. IIInU TeM xe nyreM. Mopos Kpelqa,'I. B A4r'rnpanteftcree, nocJle xopono Haro[JrerrHbrx ABopuoBblx [oMeureHufi, 6nlo xoJroAHo r.r HeyrorHo. 3au;In B KaKylo-ro MaJIeHbKyto KoMHaTy, yceJlHcb Ha cTyJlbff, CKJIOHHJII,I TOJIOBbI Ha CTOJIbI I{ 3a.rI,peMaJrr{. leHepa.rr Xa6a,rros co [IIra6ona pacnoJloxl{JII{cb oTAe,IIbHO.

Er,In e HaqaJIe 5-Hft .Iac

HotIH.


28 $eupanr

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8-onl qacy yrpa rroJrKoBHr.rK JlesucoH BsBoJrHoBaHHo Ao,'roxH,'I, .rro, nblfi4R npoBepfiTb HapgAhr, oH K yAr4BJreHL.Ito cBoeMy yBHAeJI, KaK BOHHCKLIe qLIHbI CK,'IaAbtBaIOT B Kyqy opy)Kr.re H 3areM crpoeM npu oQurrepax pacxoAercq rto KasapMaM. BufiAs B KopuAop, a y6e4u.ncx or cnetuarlux K CBOLIM qaCTtM OSuqepOn, .ITO OHH nod'ryqu,'il{ npgKa3aur.re cJrolKHTb opyx{lre r.i BecTri cBolt qacTLi no KaSapMarra. B c,ryriae lipoMeA!'reHnfl rapuusoH flerponae.uoecxoii Kpefiocrn orr{poer apuin,repuficxilri orout no A4ulrpalreficrny. leHepaJra Xa,6a,roea BHAHo ue 6u,ro. f. npwwasan Ha.r lanrHuxy] pes [epea] o6tsgrrs qHHaM IIO!'lItUufi, IITO, BBIIAy pOCnyCKa BOftCK, OHI,I TaK)Ke CSO6OAHI'1.

Moryr, npucoeAlrHnBtrr]rcb x soiicxal,r, HATrr B ytracrKlr H no cBolrM r{BapTHpaM, aro rix Ae,ro. Bce opyxr4e AoJrx*tbr cJIO)KliTb B Te X{e MeCTa, rAe CKJTaAbIBa}OT BOr.rHCKrre lIaCTLr. fl ocrarccl 3,u,ecb, Ho HHKoro c co6ofi He cBfl3brBalo, TaK I{aK He coMHeBarocb, qro c Mlrnyrrr Ha Mr{Hyry 6yay n rycueM

cryqae apecroBaH. tlepes 20 uurryr

fl crrycrr.rJrcs Bo ABop. JlouraAn 6es ,rrcAefi cros,'irr fo.rroAHbre, fioHypg ronosbl. .[.ne 6u.rrtt y6urbr IrraJrbHbrMr.r ny.rrrr{}r. Hapagon Bo ABope y}Ke He 6uro BriLHo. B uanHolr BxoAe c !,eopuonofi nnoru,a;r.n aprLL'IJrepHcrbl Tarqr.rr'ru rr cBa,'rrrBaJtlr n o6utylo Kyqy llo-

c"reAHlie opy4uiinue 3aMKH. llorxogHllx-aprirJrJrepucr o6parllJrcfl x croqgmeli ryr )Ke B crpolo, roqHo upn norpe6eHrzr.r, KoMaHAe c perrblo. fo;rocorr,t c HapbrBoM, onr{paficb Ha Kocrbl'rb, oH craparcfl rrro-ro o6rqcHr.Irs coJIAaraM rr eHr?rlt rr3 TfffocrHofo [o,rro)r(eHvs. f nocnerulrn yfiru noAaJrbtrre or aroft yxacuofi cuesu. I(ro-ro cKasair, .rro 3anegyrourur? [oMeureHr.reM norpe6onan oceo6oAurr Bce 3aHrrMaeMbre HaMr.r KoMHarbr; HaM xe flpeAocraB,'rflerct HaBepxy qaiiHaq KoMHara. lloAr,ntaagcr HaBepx, I{3 oKHa yBHAeJr, rax 6arapen n rropflAKe, npn o$aqepax, BbrrqfllBadrracb LI3 Bopor A4rrarapanreficrsa. Hapoaa Ha [JroulaAu 6nro eure MaJro. floAorue.n

flouousux HarIa!'rbHHKa [Ira6a H ,rro6esHHM ToHoM nepeAad'r MHe ri reHepaJry Xa6arony rpufJraureHr.re Ha qail x HaqaJrbHHKy Illra6a Agranpany Cre(esro. flocuorpen Ha COBEPIUCHHO I43TOJIOAABUHXCS COCJIYXI,IBIIEB, fl CTIPOCHI'I: <<A uoux corpyAHaKoB npurJralxeHne Kacaercg?>> <<K co- BMec)KaJreHi.trc, cTodloBafl H. T. ir,rana H He Mo)KeT Bcex TI,ITb>>.

Zg,rH npxurr'rocb na rrporLIBono,'roxHuft KoHeq A4rraupan-

reftcrea K naMsrHl.rKy llerpa. fII.nH naor,{a. lloxa Bo oo

ABo-


pax eule 6u.n nopa4or. Aguupa,r CteqeHxo I{ ero cynpyra npuHfl"'Iu Hac orlenb .llrc6esHo H Aaxe ylacr.nuno. HaKOHeU, HaITIJIIICb ,'IrOAn, He

6oqqHecff Halrlero npllcyrcTBllff'

B lta,reHt,xofi xotvlsare, BbIXOAgilIeft OXsaun Bo ABOp' CTOI,'I lranesrrxft croJ'I, HaKpblrufi Ha llrecrb npr'r6opon. flocrossHofi cro,{oeoii eocnort3oBarbcfl 6u;to nell3n - SaJIeraJII'I nyru. flpucyrcrBoBaJla eue oAHa AaMa - aHrrHrIaHKa' xeui uopixoio o$rzqepa. Osa Bce BpeMfl oqeHb no4po6no paccKa3blBaJIa c CLIJIbHbIM aKIIeHTOM, HI'ICKOJIbKO He BOJIHyrcb, o HanaAeHI{u npournoii HotIbIo Ha oreJlb A-cropul'o,

rAe oHa npo)KHBa,'Ia. To.nnn Boopy)KeHHux, 6oniluefi rracrblo fibqHblx coJIAar, MarpocoB H eBpeeB BpblBa,'Illcb B HoMepa, npoBepsJll{ AoKyMeHrbI , orlnpanw, opyxue y o$ilIlepoB, nonyrHo KpaJII{, rITO MOTJIH, II TaK [poAoJlxaJlocb BCIO HOqb.

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.ltrcAeft aHr"'IH-

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qaHKH, Ho HaAo 6rr.no eosepau,arbcfl ua no6uoe uecro.

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o pocnycKe aoficr,

xosqllHltqana

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lrcKa3nBrrrr{Mcr or crpaxa Jrr{rloM rarofi-ro qeJroBeK c KprrKor\r: <<crracHTe MeHff, Baure flpenocxo4nTeJrbcrBo>>. Orre,rounegHuft n He [oHIIMaf, B qeM Ae,'Io, cflpocun: <<Kro Blr raxofi u xro Bana yrpoxaer?..>> ,rfl x(aHAapMcxafi o0uqep r.rs HapqAa... cnacarocb - OHH eABa He pacrep3a,'rr{ MeHfl... g cnpflTaJlcfl oT -TOJInbI... r{ ABopHrrKy... oH AaJr MHe rrlanKy rr [ar'rbro... oHu ceftqac <<Ecnu Bac BopByrcff [r rrpHKoHqaT MeHq... ctracr{Te...>> - Cnacaftrecr, yBHArr co ruuofi B raKoM BHAe 6yaer nJroxo. noxa ceo6oAeH exle BbrxoA n-sarepnftrecb B roJrne.>> flepeo4eruil oQnqep, He roBopfl Hr.r cJroBa, 6pocH.ncn n eo-

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lllra6a. H. O. AraeMos Bbl[rer c qe,'Ibro Kynlirb AJIfl Hac npoHac yxe He sacrar. Bce AyKrbr, Ho KorAa Bo3BparuJrcfl ocrar'rbubre, a r.rMeHHo, feHepaJr -Bengoptp fi TIoJIKoBHHx JIeBI.IcoH, ren. KasaxoB, KaMeprep JIucoropcxuft, porMI.Icrp HrHaquyc n A4ir,rHpa.rreftcrse. Hauarucr pae- ocraJrr{cb roBopbr: ,qo6yLer nu AraeuoB eAy I.{ npolrycrflr JII{ ero K Haru. VsuHI4fl He 6uro: Ha JrroAex tI cMeprb KpacHa. Ilpour.uo MI{Hyr 20 Ir BApyr... IIIyU roJIlbI Bo ABope, roIIoT MHOrIIX HOr IIO IIIIIpOKHM LI OTJIO|I'IM JIeCTHI'IIIaM I{ KpriKr4 : <<,[,a.nrrue... Bbrrre... 6ert cnAa... KyAa cnpsraJll{cb.>> LI ronna BopBaJlacb LI sarIoJIHI-IJIa BcIo KoMHary. MH scraJru. I4s rornH BbrAeJrLIJrLIcb rpli Qurypu: [panoplquK B crpe.nxonorl Qoprvre: rlbflHoe, cugoe, oAyrJIoBaroe JIl{uo, Becb B npbrurax, rJla3a, san,IIbIBIIIue B xl{py. B pyxax 4epxan 6o.nrruoft uaysep, xoropuft oH nooqepeAHo HaBoAITJI B ynop Ha uaurn $ueuoHoMHI,I. OAer 6u;l no Qopue Bo Bce coBceM MoJIoAeHbHoBoe [oxoAHoe cHapsx(eHl.Ie. .tlpyroft - HexHbIM uBeroM xuft co,rAarullKa, 6erufi, c [peKpacHblM Jruua, ?oxe oAer xopouo, Ho He no Qopue, B paccrerHyToM uaJrbro c KpacHbIMH IIoroHaMH I'I Bblflyurauu. Eun nrqH. B pyKax Aepx<aJI o6naxeHHyto oQnuepcKylo ltralxKy c aHHeHCKHM TeMJISKOM, CTpaUIHO paSMaXHBaJI elo HaA HaIII{MrI TOJIOBaMH Ir nO BpeMeHaM AeJIaJI BI{A' 1ITO XOqeT 3aKoJrorb nac. Kpnual on 6o,rlrue Bcex H ynHBaJIcfl poJlblo BoxAfl BoccraBlrlefo HapoAa. MeN4y grIlMI{ AByMff cronJla BCe BpeMg MeJIaHxoJIItlIHo, coBceM cMI'IpHat c npoceAbK) 6a6a. 5u.na orlorcaHa rloBepx AJIHHHoTo naJlbro ruauroft Ha HOBOM IXLIpOKOM peMHe. <<A Asxb ryr npoMex( sac Xo-6aaa-JIoB>,- 3aopaJl coJIAarHrrrKo, pa3MaxlrBafl uraruxofi . npa[opquK It HaBeJI Ha <<fAe Xo6aros?>> - [oBropI{JI MeHr peBoJrbBep. <<feuepa.u Xa6aros 6u.n c HaMn, Ho HeAaBHo yIrIeJI, a KyAa He 3HaIO>>,- OTBeTHJT A. .ileftcrnnreJlbHo, Xa6a.[os [epeA- TeM, KaK BopBaJlacb ToJI'na, Hcqe3. lIrqHHe coJrAarLIIIIKo H rlpaflopulliK, BbITapauI[B rJla3a, cMorpeJrr4 rpo3Ho Ha MeHf H He ycleJII{ eule pa3I'IHyTb prbl, KaK fl rpoMKo, t{To6r,l Bcff ToJIrIa ycJIbIIIraJIa, cKa3aJI: <<A gor

n lpa4ouauaJrbHltK. Apecryftre

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ocraJlllcb croflTb. flo.noxeuHe HeBa)xnoe. K ccacrtrc To.rlna, e[re ouaJreBtrrat or_ nepecrpeJrKr.r, He oco6eguo o6paqana Ha HaC BHr.rMaH[e. fl XpuxHyn, uHy, ecJrr{ HeT aerOl.rO6E,rX,

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paJI I(asaxoe, caAeste 6u,ro HcfloprleHo, I,r Mbr cHAeJltr rlorrrlr Hzt Aue Ky3oBa. flporuo, d'ru(oM K HaM, Ha KaKlrx-To TIOKaX, nO-BI.iAHMOMy, C npoAoBoJIbCTBHeM, yce/'[tcb IoJIK. .Ileeltcou H porM. I4ruauuyc. AeroNro6finr o6,'renu,'ru corAarbr r{ qacrHbre .nui{a. PsAou co ir,ruofi Ha rroAHox(Ke crog,'I coJrAar, BbrcoKo rroAbrr\4afl H norprcag pyxbeM. Bce crpeJrsJ[r BBepx, Kpfiqarr]r <<ypa>> H Maxailrl Opyx(r{eM HaA Ha_ nIHMH rod'roBaMli. Co.ngar, crogsutnli oKo,lo MeHg, nbITaJIcg Bce BpeMfl esgru Ha ce6s po,'rb pyKoBoAnrerq. OH HeHcroBo gpan: <<ToBapbrrrrbr. ,[,a Hecrupu,rtfirax, Hg crbrpbrns.firs. Beperuru-x rrarpoHbr. OHu uau euo npbrxoAflrcfl)>. Ero Ma.rro cJryrrraJrH. KpHxu ll crpe.l16a npo4o,rxanacu Bce BpeMfl. Buexa.uu ua ,[,nopuonyn Ha6epe]KHyro, florrrtr rrycrbrHHylo, lr [orrrJrH 6ucrpsru xoAoM Mr.rMo rpaHArro3Ho-crporoli JrHHnr4 ABopuoB. Baxrepu H ABopHHKH, MoJ{qa a COqyBCTBeHHO, KaK MHe Ka3ar'lOCb, CMOTped'tI.t Ha HaC. fl noqrz xaxAuii AeHb e3Ar.rJr sa6epexsoft. u ouu sga,{ri MeHs B JIHI{o. y 3suuero [aopqa HaBcrperry HaM rxJrg LBa asr.nzftcxux oQrqepa. O4noro q 3Hafi xopouo n .nuqo, @aMr{JrHro sa6u.l, Ho Qrlrypy ero, ueo6trvHo AJrr.rHHyro H noA)Kapyrc, 3HaJr KaxAuii, Kro 6Hsar u AcropHlr. Tax eor sror oQuqep cnoeo6pa3Ho npnBercrBoBaJr uac. Os ocraHOBI,IJTCfl, noBepHyrcq K HaM JTHTIOM, sacyHyJr pyKH B KapMaHbr, u npuru6aacb Ha3aA Bo Bce cBoe AJTHHHoe ryJIOBr.rule, pa3pa3r.r,Jrcfl rpoMKHM XOXOTOM, a IIOTOM qTO-TO KpI.{qaJI_r{ yKa3brBaJr Ha Hac nad'rblleM. B ero BpeMfl por-

Mucrp lrlruaqnyc, Bcefo rpr.t AHs Ha3aA HasHa'{eHHHfi r.{s MocreH Ha Aor'r)KHocrl lllra6-o$Hrrepa nprl fpa4oHaqa.EbHIiKe, npHBcraJr Bo secl csofi roxe 6o,rlnroft pocr Ha aBTouo6u.re, npr.rJrolKrrJr pyKy K Ko3brpbKy, u, o6paulascb Ko MHe, cKaga.n: <<Barue flpeeocxo4nTeJrbcrBo. Barra Hey4o6no cuAerb, rlo3BoJrbre, g [epeABHHy rIoKH>>.- He suao, noAeficrsoear ,'rr.r gror rpacuaufi )Kecr Ha lpocBeuleHnoro Mope["'raBareJrs, Ho ]ra KoHBorrpa nogeficrnoBaJl, r{ oH exle 60


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r

ctopouy fo-

poAcKoft AyMbI no AeMoHcrpaHTaM, qeM BbI3Ba,'Ia Bo3l!ty' rrleufie u Boccranlre 4-fi porrt cnoero 6ara,rr,oua. 8 19 conAar 4-ft poru 3aKJInqI{JM paHHI.rY yrpoM

27 $ezpann e tropruy Tpy6euxoro 6acruoua flerponan' Hi cniaiox ctr,t.: tlepnqes B. IO. Boc' craHue lasroacxoro noJIKa... C. 172-173. flo rpe6oeaHuro BoccraBlrrl.tx ux ocso6oAltJlu AHeM 28 Qerpana r'r noJroecKofi KDenocrLI.

nenofi cyA, rposnaruuft paccrpe,'toM, He cocroqflcq.

e Pa6oqaq rpynira npu llenrpa,rruou BoeHno-nporoMltrere, B Koropyrc Bxorti,ru E. O. EorlaHos, f. E. Epefiao, K. A. IsosreB LI Apyrue MeHb[leBIiKl'Io6oponqu, HaMepeBaJracb l4 Qeapa.nr, B ,[eHb sogo6HosreHHs 3aceAaHufi foc. AyMbI, ycrpolrrb Aet{oHcrpalrurc pa6oqux c rpe6oaanueu co3,llaults orBercrBeHnoro Ml'lnllcrepcrea. B erofi csqgu B Hoqb ua 27 ntsapa q;renu Pa6oqeft rpynnbr 6nru apecroeaHbl r.r 3aKtbqeHt{ B TIopbMy <<KpecMbrrrrJreHHoM

rH>. Ocso6ox,[eHHble 6oqarrul

u

g.aeu

corAaraMfi, oHr.r

27 Qenpalr BoccraBInI.IMIl paB pyKoBoAcrBo flerpo-

BoTIIJILT

Cosera. fparcKoro -

I0 PacrleeHnoe yrpoM 26 $erpa.nr no croluue o6lC. C. Xa6aaoBa nperynpexaa.lo, qro 6ecnopsrxr.r 6y,uyr no.uaa.nflrbct ctlJlolo opyxnq. rBJreHr.re reHepaJra

rr Cu. Ioryuesr

I

H lpl.IMeqanue

x neuy 6.

re Onncra: (oMaH.u,HpoM 6H.[ norrosnNx Btcxoscxt fi. 13 Bo speMq BoccraHl.rt B 3anacHoM 6ara.nrone ,r.-rs'

no,'IKa reHepa.n C. C. Xa6a,ros 6Hn saHrt na 6ara;rsonsofi raynrnaxre JI.-rB. flastoecxoro coJlrar ] IacrHLIKoB Boccranl.rt, Koropble Bepuy-

Bolrtucxoro AorrpocoM

norxa l6

rncb B Ka3apMv yrpou 27 $enpann It3

orJlyqKI'I.

la Han6oaee roqHoe onlrcaHlle BoccraHllt BoJIbIH[eB cM.: faue.nun P. III., Corosbeea 3. fl. BocnoMI.IHaHr'Itr

Kr-rpnnqnsroBa KaK ncroqHuK no I'IcropHH (peapa.nrcxux peBor'rro[noHHnx Auefi l9l7 r. a flerporpaae ll Pa6o'rut xlaec Pocclttt. ero coIo3HIrKI.I u noJlur[qecKl{e nporIrBHItKIl

T.

s l9l7 15

roay. C. 178-195. Tax s Aot{yMeHTe.

63


t6 17

B l9l7 roAy B Qeepaae 6Hao to.nrxo

28 auefi.

M. H. Burre, n4oru npeubeprpaoa C._ IO. Bume, 6Ha na Kauenuobcrpon-

Oco6nsx

rp_aQx_Hrr

MHHr.Icrpa cKoM rrpocneKTe, 5. CoxpanuJrcr B qacrurrno nepecrpoeuHoM BHAe, HHHe AerCKar My3blKanbHar luKona. rE Ha Mt;r.nuouxofi ylrqe, 33, noueqaaucb Ka3apMbr

l-fi poru .n.-rn. llpoo6paxencKoro 3uprslrft ABopeq.

[onKa,

oxpauraruefi

re Murpono,ur llerporpa4crufi u JlaAoxcxufi IIHrupurvr 6r,r.rr noA KoHBoeM AocraBJreH a Taspnvecxufi 4nopeI1 28 tpeepaar e l0 qacos yrpa. I(ouen4anr Taopuue-

cKoro ABopua rroJrKoBHuK

l. f. fleperu

acnoMHxan: (B

nonyuupKynbHoM 3aJre HorH ero rroAKocHJrucb, eMy nocTaBnnn cryn, ua xoropuft Mr.rrponorHT ynan; ero flouecJrr.r Ha gToM cryJre B o6tuyro KoMHary Mr.rHacrepcKoro naBu,'rbona. OAsar<o, B ABepflx cryn 3acrprn H npnrxJrocb ocraBnrb B,'raAHKy B nepeAHefi. V ryr, ca,(r y geepefi, a no-

.ny6eccoenare.nrxou cocrornlrn, oH 6narocnoB.'rrn Bcex

3a Hr.IM IIOA KOHBOeLI B MrlHficrepcKflfi nasnmoH>.- lleperu l. f. B I1xraAe.nu pyccxofi peBonrounfi. 3auucru KoMeEAar{Ta Tanpurecroro ABopIla. IIr., 1917. C. 37-38. Bulnnxeueq u craBJreHHnK l. Pacnyruna, rrr.rrponoJlrr flxrupau nxocBoHx SHaKOMhrX, KOTOpbTX CneAOM AocraBJrsJrH

B oKpyxeHHe r.rMrreparpr.rrlbr AneKcauApn @e4oponnu 6H.[ cgqgaH c reMHbIMIr Quuancosut"tu u 6upxesuuu

.4r{,'r

s

AenbuaMr{. fIoA Aae,'IeHneM AyxoBeucrBa oH cJIortuJI MI.Irpono.nuuufi cas lr 6u;r ornyqeH <sa noxofi> g A,'leKcauAPo-HeBcKylo naBPY. '0 K roruy BpeMeHLI e Muuncrepcror'r_nasllJl-l,oHe TaspurrecKoro ABopua cuAout noA apecroM 6. B. Illrnpuep, l. E. Pefin, reHepan A. A. Kyp,'ron. flopy,reuua Kapayna ocyuecrB"'rflnH cryAeHrbl A. 6apou, Mocrsus, KypcncrKH

bypruna, @nreprtau,

Korunaseeu.- flequraAelu pyccxoft peBonlouulr. C. 37, 39. 3ru cryAeuru I.r Kypcncrxll raxxe ga6orsnncb o eAe H qae

Asnauecxaa,

peru

f. f. B

A,'rr apecToBaHHblx.

yKA3ATEJTb !4MEH ynOMqHvTbIX A.

n.

6AJIKOM

AKAEMOB Hnxo.rafi tDe4opornv (p. 1869) qHHoBHrK oco6brx nopyueHair n 1899-1916 npa BapmaBcKoM o6ep-uo.nrrqMeficrepe, 25 non6pn l9l6- I naapta 1917 npn [erpofpaAcKoM rpaAoHar{a,'rbHr.rKe. Anrop oqepKa <<AroHHq cTaporo pex{HMa: no [p]rcTaBcKHM AoHeceHI{gM I{ noKa3aHHqM cBr.rAereJrerl>

-

tr4cropuuecKHri BecrHlrK. 1917. Anpenr.

EE3OBPA3OB Bla4uul.rp Muxafiroenq

reneparraAbIoTaHT, reHepaJl oT KaBa,'repHr{, 6HsilrHfi- KoMaHAHp Inap4eficxoro Kopnyca.

EEJIflEB Mnxana A.rexceesnq (1863-1918) -renefeu. rrra6y. flo,rrsoearcrr pacnoroxeHr.reM f. PacnyrxHa. 3a KaHrleJrflpRsM rrMeJr y BoeHHbilx paJr-or-nHQanrepl{u no 64


nposBnqe <Meprnan roJroBa>. 3 sHsaps-27 desparn

lgl7

loc.relHnri rlapcxuft soe_Hntlri unuucrp, b ee'apaaa BbrBeJr llerporpaAcxufi soeHnuft orpyr us se,ieHuq KoMaHAoBaHHs B cBoe noAruneHns. I uapra cay ,BuJrQpoHra :,_eBeploro cfl B 'l aBDH'recxnfi ABopeq n 6n.u apecroeai. paccrpe.txH

s

1918.

BACI{JIbEB Aaexcef, Tnxonosnq (p. lg6g) _ nocrreAuufi 4npexrop AenapraMenra rronnr{na i2g cenisop;iiii6 -BEnC Baa4nmnp Kapaonn,r (p. lg64) _Aeftcrsprrerttusrft crarcrnft coserHur, yno.nuoubueHsufi no-npolouori_ ctBuro flerporpa4a, qJreH coBera MHHncrpa 3eMneAernff. ..BEHAOPO Ocxap HrHarosrs (p. lg4g) _ reHeDajr_ rneapn lg}4-22 il;;"i;;; nerporpaAcKoro rpaAorrasaJrbHaKaQenfi.,ra-lg1'Z uo napyxHori noauqu[. _ BI,ICKOBCKI{n - roJrKoBHHK, KoMaHAr{p sanacHoro 6aranroua n.-rs. BonuHcKoro rroJrKa. BI{TTE MarnarAa-Hnauonna, rparpr.rua (ypoxaeHHaq Xorurucxag, B .neploM 6pgle /Iucienfi _ B,qoBa npeMbepneftreHaHr, 26

Maur{crpa rpaQa Ceprea lOnteea,ra Bnrre.

IAJIJIE BtaAucuar e_panqerrv..(p. lg62) _reHepa;lnerp'orpaAcKofi " KoHHo-no;laqeft cxofi crpaxeft.saeeAyroqnfiu norurrueficrep -IV'or4ere'H, uafi op,

n.rp;;;il'^iii;:

cnnr_eecxnft ocrpoB, Ileiporpa4cKa, croporrd, peaHn).

Aoiu".a.-

IJ|OEATIEB Koncranrnn lfsaHosr,t (p. _rexe_ par-uafiop OrAenbHo^lo_ Kopryca xaH4api,ioa,lg70)'eenpaan

l9l5-27

Qenpa.rrn

lglT

noc.,rean"f

-"iluntnurI I

no oxpaHenHrc o6ulecrsenHofi 6esonacuocrn H OrAelesus noprAKa B r. flerporpaae (<Oxpanrr.r>). IOJI ll IIbl H Hur<o.nafi ,ll,runrpnenn.r, KHfl3b ( 1850_ - _ 1925) -qnen loc. coBera (npaoaa rpynna), ceHarop; uo

HacJorHuro HMneparpurrur A.nexcauApH Oe4oponuu 2Z 4era6pt 1916 nasHarreH nocneAnuitr qapcxuM npeAceAareJreM

Cosera MHHr{crpoB, npocr.rJr Hnro.nas-II o6 yirynxax s Ayxe rporpaMuu flporpeccuBHoro 6.noxa. Apecronan I uap-

ra

1917.

IOJIOBAHOB Bcqecaas HnaHosnq AeftcrsurenlHbrft crarcxufi coBerur.rK, ynpaBJrflrorqufi xagqenspnefi rpa4oHaTIAJIbCTBA.

fPHfOPOBlltI llsaH KoucraHrnnornq (lg53-Ig30)loc. coBera, KoMaHAup ropra flopr-Apryp e PyCcro-flnoncryro eofiuy,'c tg uapri

renepaJI-aA'broraHT, aAMIrpaJr, .l.tteH 3l-116

65


19ll noc,relriuil

qapcxt'tfi ,r'topcr<ofi MHHI{crp' apecroBaH He

6ur, ocrara.ncs e l;tasuou A4uupanreficree H cgrpy4ll{: oun' a Bpeveusutvt npaBllTe,lbcrgotta,. floc're oxra^6pn l9l7 .ny*"n'n-Mopcr<on lrc"opruec*ofi xotrltlccuu' B 1923 c pa3peilenun npaBl.Ire,rbcrsa CCCP Bblexa,l ro Opanunto' fPHfOPbEB feopnrfr Hnroaaennu (p. 1868) -re.Yepa.n-uafiop, noln[rrleilcrep 2 or4eleuun (3-ll yqacroK \aiancroft uacrH, Hapncxaa lt KonouencKafl lIacrII' nplttop;;ilt flerepiotpci<nft yuacrox), u,'reu flerporpascxoro

cro,rnqHoro npLIcyrcTBHt no Ae,'IaM crpaxoBaHl.Ir pa6ouax' f POTEH llaseu llasrosrq (p. lgZO) - reHepa'r-ivrafiop au"rr EIIB, BpelIeHIIo saMeuar n l{apcrou Cene 5'e'ra-n-urero B Cranxy ABoplloBoro KoMeHAaHra -reHepa"I-Mafiopa fl B,rrJrcr KoMeHAaHrou A.ilexcauAp_oncxoB.- fl. goen*oni " l4Mrleparpl'tqa A'nexcasApa tDeloponua ro ABopIra, rAe )KIL'Ia

c AoqepbMH I{ CbIHOM.

fyqKOB

o4uu

A,nexcanAp LlsaHosrq (1862-^1936)

ot"o"utatreri naprnll' ofltn6plrcros,

s

-- npea1916-1917

", ceAared'Ib IJ,eurp a.ltt,ttoro Boeuuo-npoMbIIx"IeHHoro KorllITenepeBopora' Buecre c B' B--' ra. cropoHHHK ABOpIloBoro -t

orpeqeH'd Huxo'ras I I z np ":H"J'I o"'np"iiona. Z uabra-30 anpenn nepouft soefiuHft I{ Mop' uae Bo3r'la.non'""""aip Bpdr'reHnoro npaonTâ&#x201A;ŹurbcrBa' BPocct'u, crpe-

u;";'.;'*t ;'t tAti;

st

sH,,r O6qecrio eiosouuqecKoro Bo3pox(AeHua 6ypxyasHofi soeuHofi 4Ilxrarype' npltqacrelt Mr.rBureecfl K rIOnbITKe rocyAapcTBeHHOrO nepeBopoTa Bo r"''laBe c reJI. KoprrHrIoBbIM. C l9l8 3MI'IrpaHr' ""puno* 3AHKEBHH Mnxanl llnnolntonwl (p' l87e) reHe6par- xenu A. fI. Ea;rxa' Hauailbnux feu' qrra--

x f.

-

oan-uaftoD. "6;.'

t7',ii;'p ri"

r

g

i/

;NIeHI'II

6onesrero

no"rxosH uKa B'

Haqa,[bHI'IKa uofierosoft oxpanu

flas,resxosa Ha llocry porpa,(a..C uas 1917 BHoBb s feu' urra6e'

kl'

fler-

3HAIIKOBCKUn' feopEnfi AHaroruesn'r - AeticrnuI otre'leHlrR relrnulft crarcxltil coBerHHK' no'muuefrcrep qacrl'I' l-ft yuaCnaccras n (AatnpunreficraR ir-iii-".-dta" 'uoci", q"rle' I -r pota Ctonnqsofi TIoJII'quu)' ;;;;i Ji;i6hofi crpa: flerporpagcKoro croJluqHoto IIpHcyrcrBI{l no AeiIaM xo"ur"i pa6ou,x u llerporpaAcKoro no BoItHcKofi nosltHHOCTH IIpl.ICyTcTBHt.

porMucrp' A,nercau4poB}lq llerporpaAcKoM npu nopyqenilft oco6tlx rura6c-odnuep AJIfl rpalofiaia.rrriuxe, panee cJIylKIl,r B KaHIreilnprn BapuaB'

IFHAUI{yC Jleoxn4

b-xoro rendP 66

a.rr

-rY6ePHdrop a.


KA3AKOB Marsefi HgaHosnq (p. 1858) --- reuepa.l-Irafiop. C 1888 s orAeJrbHoM Kopnyce xaHAapMoB, 6br.,r.,HaqaJrbHHKoM

Talr6oscKoro u MocroBcKofo xaHAapMcKrrx ynpae.nennfi, KoMaHAr.rpou BapurancKoro l,t Mocxoecxofo )KaHAapNIcKlrx AHBr{3aoHoB. l9 ,lrapra t910---27 Qenpa"rx l9l7

llerporpa4cKoro xaHAapMcKoro AnBu3r.{oHa. KI,IPnPIqH I,IKOB Apxa4ufi Apra4rennu xonrexcxufi - no.ln[ulr. aceccop, HaqadrrbHr.rK flerporpa4cxoii cucxsofi KPyIJIOB OeAop crapurari ynrep-oSaqep 4 poru - llpeo6paxeucxoro nonxa. BossanacHoro 6arantoua,r.-rn. f,rrdBJflil KapayJr s MrzHacrepixorr,r rraBujrboHe Taopnuecroro ABopr{a, rAe coAepxar'rHcb apecroBaHHbre AesreJrr4 rlap_ cKoro BpeMeHH. K?blJIOB porMncrp, yqacrKoBufi npucran. 25 Senpaas l9l7 Bo rJraBe KoHHbrx fopoAoBbrx ilbrraJcq pa3orHarb rvilrrrrHr pa6ou-Hx H_a 3Haueucrori naou{ah4 H 6ri.rr sapydrreH r(a3aKou l-ro,[,oucxoro noJIKa.. KyTEIOB ArexcaHlp llasaoslrq (1882-1930) non_ KoBHHK, yqacrnr{K Pyccxo-flnoncxoft u nepeorl luuponorl softH, xoI,{aHAHp noJ'rKa,.reopfueBcxlttl xasaJep, rpaexaJr B llerporpa4 B orflycK c $poHra, yqacrBoBar'r B norrbrrKe noAaBrrb (Denpanrcxyrc peBoJrroqun. B rpaxAaHcKyn nofi_ Hy yqacrHrir .Ilegonoro'ttoxoAa reuepa"rra-.II. f. KopHnnosa, r{epHoMopcKra.fi soeHn[,rfi ry6epHarop, sa B3srtre Honopoc_ cuficra npor{3BeAeH n reuepa,rr-rr,tafopu, 3a Bsflrne Xipr_ KoBa B KpbrMy KoMaHAoBa"rr i-ryr - BcreHepaJl-.ueftreHauru, apuHe.ft, 1920 LeHepar'r-or-r.rHSaurepnu. pyxono4uJr BHyr_ peuHerl;insNerl Pyccxoro o6urenoirucKoro coro3a. c lE2g €ro fr'raBa. 26 xHnapr 1930 noxuuteH coBercr{HNrH pa3BeA_ I{oMaHAHp

I{IIKA}1II.

KyTEnOB Hrxolafi Hnxoaaesnq Ko.t..re)xcxufi cexpeTapb, ceKpeTapb neTporpaAcKofo rpaAoHar{a.-rbHHKa. JIAHCKOH Ceprefi Mnxafi,nonql, rpaQ crarcrufi co_ BerHHK, r{HHoBHriK oco6ux nopyvenutt rrpH -rrerporpaAcKoM .

rpalOHa{a,rlbHIlKe. JIAIIIKEBHTI I,IsaH CrenaHosrq (l8gl-lgl7) - r,rra6cKaIIr{raH, floroMcrBeHHur? 4oopnuuu gepHnro"a;o;',ry6ep_ uuu. C l9ll s ,'r.-Ls. Bor'rbrHcrioinr no,rxy, noc,le puHa"r"'"

uae l9l6

H_a Qpoure cra,'r rioMaHanpoli:yve6Hofi .xoMaHAbr 3alacHoro 6aranroHa no!'rKa n flerporpaae. Vrpou 2T een_ p a.ra I 9 I 7 s acrpeJreH BoccraBrrruMr{ coJrA a ra M r-t* o.,r slur,li nr r.r.

JIEBHCOH Bepn_ep Bepaeponn,r-+.noAro.irKoBHHK,

urh6c-oQauep A,'rfl oco6u* nopyuerraii -npu,nerporpaacrou rp af,oHa qa.lbHHKe.

QX


JIEJITHOB llasea llsaHosuq -.Aeficrsnre;rrnuft crarcxafi coserHLIK, Kyneq l-ft ru.nlAnu (xpyuHaa MexoBat roproe.un); po4crnennuK, qepe3 xeHy' KyrqoB Ennceenux; 4o^' fopo4croft io.nosa lletporpa4q-g I 908-19 I r', """"dli.i"ii. i9'l'7, peAaKrop <Hs;ecinft flerporpagcxoft igro-b"upure ' ropo,qcfoft AyMH>, npeAceAarell flerporpaAcKoro iopoacxbro xounrera Bcepoccuftcroro colo3a ropoAoB H lrerpof p aAcKoro y'{I'ullltrlHoro coBera' rn a'csufi ry 6ep ucxo-ro^s-eu-

cxoro,co6panun, unen feoprrleBcKOrO KOMHTeTa, IIpaBJIeHI'LII Pyccxoro Ans sueurneft topron.nu 6auxa, <Pyccxoro JlrofiAa> r{ Ap. JI

I{TBHHOB A.rexcaH4p Buag,uunponnu (1860-

-1917 ' c 1904 6paHr-uafioo flerporpaAa - reHepaJl-Mafiop, (naqanlHux no*apHoft oxpanu). nocne^brrn6ia dpu"l".l.tep Tefcrnlruoft- Qa6pItKH IIM' Cnep4nona' JIbICOIOPCKHn Baaluunp Baaluuuponn'r (1866-c crarcxufi coserunK, KaMeprep' 19241 -aeftcrsurerlsnfi 1907 noMoulHI'IK nerporpaAcKoc MBA, BeAoMcrBe 1890'e qacrlr' qJIeH ro rpaAoHaqarbnuKa no aAMgHlrcrpatnouoft ropHo3aBoAflerporpa4cKoro croJll{qHoro rl9 Qa6pnuHbIM H cKHM Ae"raM nplrcyrcrBufl H fleipoipaacroro ry6epHcKoro

1925)

p

acIIopfl AI'ITeJIbHOf O KOMIrTeTa.

MAKAPEHKO A,rexcanAp Cepreennu reHeDaJl-Jleftreuaut,

c

(p'

186l)

1908 noMourHHK HaqarbHuKa'

^c lYlt

ruoilnonll*

f,rasHoro BoeHHo-cyAe6qoro ynpaBJIeHI'Ifl H Bo-

xorrlnccuefi

foc.

l9l7 Ha3HarIeH rocneAHI'IM npoKypop. 27 tlespa,rn 'enyrpeHnnx """"4 Aen. B rpax4aucxyto MHHHCTpOM [aDcKHM qJIeH u BoeHuoro BoeHHo-MopcKoro cyrofi"v nocrosssdfi la n KpnuY. MAPTbIHOB - nomosHltK' KoMaHA4p 9 3aracnoro Kana,repuficxoro noJIKa' 28 Qenpa'rs l9l7 cMeIqeH tsoeHnofi MAIIKEBNTI @ns.nsgAcroro

AYMbI.

3anacHoro 6ara'rloHa 'n'-rs'

nopyrlnK -noltia-, aAtloraHT

reHepaJI-JIeftreHaur

C. C. Xa6arosa.

s

MEHEP

llerp llerponnu (p'

1860)

reHepa;I-trlafiop'

1905-1916 napuaecxufi o6ep-nonuqlrlefrcreP'-c lD aory-

."u-fgfS

noc.tre,qriun qapcxuii

riag,ouaualrnlx PocroBa-Ha-

Aouy.

MOPAKH Blaguuup

Huxoaaesru

g,eftctsnte'nrsnfi

llerporpa3 orAeJIeHItq crarcxnft qacrlr' 2, 3, 4 yqacr*H n'PoxAecrseuciaq ;;ii,i;&;".*u" JInTefiuoft uactu). coBeTHHK, noJruqMeficrep

68


HAyMOB Aaexcan4p Hnxolaenuq-reHepa;l-;refireHaur S.nora, yfipaBnrloulnft flerporpa4cxofi peunofi uo.nllquefi.

OJtbAEHEyPICKI{R Arexcanlp llerponnu, npnHu (1844-1933) llasna I, reaepaa-aAtroraHr r.r -npanHyxnoKpoBHre.ryt reuepan-or-xuQaurepnll, ueAlrunun. B lgl4_ Qeepa,re 19l7 nepxosHbrft HaqaJrbHHK BoeHno-caHnrapuofi H sBaKyarlnossofi qacrr.r. Suarpaur. OO H-AEP.OCTEH.CAKE H E BAJI bA SAYAPAO B I,I q, 6apou KoJrJrexcxurt aceccop, rrHHoBHHr oco6nx nopyue- nerporpaAcKoM nufi npx rpaAoHaqa.[bHnKe. IABJIEHKOB B.ralrunp l{nanonn.r (p. lg65) _ no,r_ KoBHHK Jr.-rB. llpeo6paxeHcKoro rIoJrKs, rAe cr,ryxltr,r c 1906,

s

1916 cra.lr noMolrIHHKoM HaqaJrbHHKa 3arracHoro 6a-

Ta.r'IboHa.

C 9 aunapn lglT salr{eula.ir

OaraJ-rboHoB

u

eoficxosor?

Harrar,rbHuKa 3a[acgbrx

oxpauu flerporpa4a

reHepan-

,reftreuaura A. H. 9e6uwzsa.-24-27 Qenpaan KoMaHAoBaJr noficxauH noAaBJrsBrrruMrr peBonpqnoiHue Bbrcryn.lreHtlfl H Boccraune. kIa-sa upana4r-on <rpy,auofi xa6u> 6rore, o" ACJI.

_^ IIHJIEUKIIH Moncefi Hcaesnq (p. rcT/4 Merrrau, 1893-1916,(€arro[pou3BoAnrenb xasqenspsu -us BaprrraBcKoro ooep-noJrHuueficrepa, c 22 lexa6pq lg16 ynpan,rnrournfi

netporpaAcKoro rpaAoHarrartuux-a, Tll.u.l:!_Tfi Iyl / cnyxHn s o6qecrBellHoM rpaAoHaqarbcTBe. c Mapra nLlTHPt{M, B MHpy flanea OrHos _ .(lSbg_1921) flerporpa4crnft u u apxrerncxorr rrla4oxcxuH XIMLonnt LBsr_o- Ipoxrlxofr A.nexcaH4po-Hencxori

naopu, craBJreHHHK t^-l-1._1yTrH4 ycrponBrrrero ero HasnaqeHrie n non6pe lgl5. ApecroBaH ZE eeBpars l9l7 H noA AaBJteHHeM AyxoneH_ CTBa CJIOXHJI CaH MI{TponO,'IHTa I.I OTnyIqeH <Ha nOXOfi> S "rraBpy.

nOKPOBCKHR Hnroaafi Hrxoaaenn,r (lg65_

1930)_- rariHufi coBerHHK, -.rreH foc. coBera, seMJreBJrd.(e_ neq KoseHcxoft ry6epnuv. 2l rnnapr-3o ;;_ 'no.o"4*nfi cyAapcrneuHuft KoHrponep, c jO Hoa6pa ";;6p"--ibl6 Ha faPcxuft MHHHcrp HHocrpaflHbrx AeJr, npe,qcelarear rrerporpaAaxol.r xoHeepenr{uu coro3HHKoB -n xuoape lgl7. flo.[rgosancx 4onepu-err,r an6ep a;rrHoli o6urecrBeH Hocr,. Bbr-. cryflan_3a ycrynxn e-ft npanureJrbcrBa H 3a orcrpaHenue A. A. tlpororonoBa. Apecronax ue 6u;1. B uapra iglZ ne_ peAaJr AeJra nocerr.rBrrreMy ero fI. H. Mn.nnxony.

nPOTOnOnOB Auercan4p..,ll,unrpnennv l9l8) 4eftcrnurenrsur? crarcrilli 'coeerunx, vaen(1g66.'_ III N

-

09


IV foc. AyM or CI'ru6upcxofi ry6epHutl (Qparuus 3eMqeB' orrx6pncros), xpyuultft selvIregraAeJlel{' 3aBoAqI'IKr II QaoplrxaHr. C 18 ceHra6pn 1916 ynpaBrlflIouufi '[iIBA' c Aeka6pn MHHI{crp uuytfenurnx Ad{ u uaBuoHaqanluut -or-

19[7 AeJIbHoro Kopnyca ,rdn4uptno". Beuepou 28-Qenpanr

u

Tuup*ne.xbrur 4nopue cAaJIcR noA apecr. Paccrpe'nxu no

uprrroiopy BtIK. nq EJI I,tH AnexcaH4p 6opxconuu - no.iIKoBHIIKJ_no.]HUruefictep 6 otAe.nesun lierporpa4a (A'rrexcau4po-Hescxaq qacrb,'lll.nncce.nu6yprcxnft u AlexcaH;lpoecrul't yqacrKtl)' PEIaHEOT-PE3BOH Anaronuft AHarorlesuu (1868l9l8) reHepaJI-I{aftop no raapAeftcxoft lerxoft aprl'L'l"lepnu, B- 1906-1907 Naocxoscrzfi rpaAoHarlarbnuK' no^cJle-peB'r3rlu VBOJTeH. pa3xaJroBan, e i91l npnronopeH Oco6ltlt nnHcvrcrsr{elr-cegara K J-rI4IIeHI't}o Bcex ocHoBHbIX IIpaB II nbeutr,tvlr{ecrB H 3aKJIIoqeH Ha roA B rlopbMy' BcKope 'torlrr{roeiu. C l9l4 BoccraHoBJIeH Ha cJlyx6e s 'IaHe reHepa"l*uftopu H c Bblcoqaftruero colI3BoJIeHLIa cueuu'n-.QaN'II{'IHIo qacrlI e *ra p'es"on, Ha3HaqeH HaqaJIbHIIKoM caHI'IrapHoft 4eficruynuyrc aPMHIo. PI4TTHX A,rIercanAp AlexcaHpponnu (p. l8-68) - roQMaprxaa sHcoqaiiruero ABopa, ceHarop' V1"111 l"tpll|ll' oAttH lls rJIaBHbIx opfaHu3aropoB Cro'nunnucKolz peq-opl9l6 rvrii. c l9l2 roBapxxt MHHHcrpa 3€Mr'l€.{e'1Hrl, c uon6pn 3eMJIeAeMutlxcrepcrBoM ynpaerqrcuHft no'$eepa.rrl l9l7 ;ar4s tr qreH Cogera MI'IHI'IcrpoB. 'iMI'lrpaHr' POMAHOBbI' BeJIITKI{e KHc3bc: ("p"nn B.la4uullponn'r (1876-1918) - eu1'n 'A"relicaHJ oa II. crapunfi cbIH B€rHKoro KHfl3fl Br-laLllMl{pa AJreKgaHAboer.rua.,isotopoAHstft 6par Huxo.lag Il, xourp-aAMHpa.'l

H3 I{eMHorIIX l"nr" fIAg. g Pyccr<o-flnoHcKylo nofiHy oAHH cIIacmuxcg floc,re ra6errrE 6poHeuoc{a I IeTponaB.IIOBCK>. exunaxa' l9l5-8 Mapra l9l7 xouan4np luapAeiicxofo Mapra orKaga"Icg <<

flpnsua.u Bpelreuuoe [paBlareJlbctno, 9 Of npeCrOfra [I yAe"IbHbIX 3eIvIeJIb, B HIOHe-yeXaI C C]np]: ce6s 6'rrccmre'leu roft i 'OururqnAllto. B ,1922 o6'assH'n _ K-ttqT']' I'IMneparopott 1924 B rpecrora, HMreparopcKoro ,'rotr i, qtd ge ltp[{3na,ra BAoBcrBylouar HMneparplrlra lvlapun Oeggpoeua. Botcrylta,'I 3a coeAI'IHeH]Ie caMoAep^xaBHoH B.[acru c BJIacrbIo Coseroe I{ BoccraHoB"IeHI'Ie e CCCP allHacrlrlt PoMaHoeux Mnxant AlexcauAponn'r (1878-1918) -- u'ra{uruft 6par Hnxo,ras II, reRepan-rvraftop cBHrbI EI4-8, qleu foc' coeera, s 1899-1904 irac.rreAHllK npecro,ra' B nepBylo MIrpaByIo 70


BofiHy,KoMaHAr.rp l(anxascxoft ryseuuofi LvrBLrBr4n, 3areM 2-ro KagrascKoro Kopryca. 3 uapra l9l7 noanncadlr MaHn$ecr o6.orKa3e or npecroJra. B l9l8 r. Bbrc,taH Hs farqfiHu n flepub, fAe B Holrb Ha 13 urcgs 6un y6lrr. POA3flHKO Mnxau;r B.nag,nuuponnu (1859-1924) Aerlcrnnrelruur? crarcxaft cosetnuK, KaMeprep,. rpynHuii -ayrnr, s€M"1€B;tr2[€reU, [peACeAaTeJrb III rn IV foc. r,]raBa bpeuenuoro KoMr.rrera loc. 4yuu, co3AaHHoro e AHrl (DeB. panrcxor? peBoJrroq[u, c 7 uapra raKxe noqergnfi KoMHccap l"rasHoro yrpaB,'reHr.rfl Kpacuoro Kpecra. ArrEsHHft cropoHHHK-rrorrbrTKr4 focy_AapcrBeHHoro nepeBopora Bo, rJra-

Be

c renepa,rou JI.

I.

I(opHu,roeuM. floc,re oxrs6ps

c*orp)rAuuqaJr _c reHepana*ru J7. .[,eunxuui,ru. 3 nanrp aur

.

f.

Kopur.r.trossrM

CIIHPHAOHOB_ Hnxolafi llerpoauv

lgl7

i{ A.

14.

no..iKoBHnK,

npr{craB 2 yuacrxa Cnaccror? qacrn llerep6ypra CTEIIEHKO KoncranruH BacnlbeBuq BHue-a,:,IrupaJr. CTOEEyC Hnrouafi-_BHKropoB[q crarcxufr coBerur.rK, - oco6ux nopyueuufi cJryxnJr B BeAoMcrBe MBA, qr-rHoBHuK IIp

n

neTpOrp aACKoM rp dTloHaua.r'rbHHKe.

TPEIOB Arercan4p OeAoposr{q (1962-192g) _ yg'1n.*!: crarc-ceKperapr, u,reH roc. c'osera G-p;u" na)., qreH Anexcau4poBcKoro

ereo_

"p;;, KoMureTa, cenarop, v,ragnerep6yprcKoro. fpaAoHaqarrbni.rKa O. O.' fpen6, 5fi^.y1 ynpaBJ'tatoul.lrl r[usu-crepcrBoM nyrefi coo6ure. 11:" ".l9lb HHH. lv Hofl,Opr-26 4era6px l9l6 npelce,qare..rb Conera MHHHcrpoB,.orcrpaHeH sa rpe6onanr{fl yAa.rreHvn H3 llerep_ r. pacryruHa ri_yBorrbHenns A. A. flporononona. 9yli, ne [pHsHaJr orpeqeHae HHxo,raq II u noc,re orrg6ps lglT crpeMhrcr BoccraHoBflm pouaHoBbrx Ha npecrond c duuaHcosori l, soen'or? rroMorrlbto lepmauuu.' C l92l -,r;eu Bucruero MoHapxnqecKoro coBera, cn,rragaBan 6e,rvrc auHrPaqno BoKpyf BeJrHKoro KHfl3fl HIIKOaaq HHxo.iaesHtra. TPOHJII,IH A. cKoro [oJIKa.

A. -

roJrKoBHHK, KoMaHAnp

l_ro Aon_

TTXEJIbHHKOB Mnxan.n l,fuaHosuq (p. lg66) _

reHepad'r-Mafiop, n l914-Qeepa,re rrerporpaACKOrO BOeHHOTO OKpyra.

l917

HaqaJrbHHK una6a

XAEAJIOB Qgp.ef CeMeHosHq (lSbg-I924)

_

reueoa;r_

"l:Tl"l:-"r no Vpar:tcKoMy-Ka3arrbeMy norlcry, s l9i+_ lylo Boe,THrilf ry6epHarop Vpa,rscxofi o6;lacru-ll uaxagHofi Ka3aqbero soficxa. C l9t6 no Qeopa,rr ?I?y1T^yt:-i_o_-.-Tolo ryl/ HaqaflbHnK llerporpaAcKoro Boennoro orpvra u. c 5 7l


Serpa.na KoMaHAylolqufr softcral,In oKpyra. 28 Qenpaar l9l7 apecroBaH, 3aKrloqeH o llerponaonoBcKylo Kpenocrb, B- oKtirOp" ocgo6oxAeH, a Hor6ire yBoJIeH H3 apMHI{' s l9l9 3Ml{rpH'poBaJI.

tlEEbIKllH Alercan4p Hecroponm (1857-1920) a Jr-fl eft resa Hr no rn apAefi cxoft nexore, 3errJreBJI-aAeJIeIl gaquB l9l2 ry6epHun. Jlvxicroro ve3Aa llerporpaacxoft caen cnury EHB, c l9l3 xor'ran4up l-fi 6pura^r{ 2-ft reap" neiorttot? AI'IBH3I'Iu, n l9l6-QeBpane l9l7 sa'Iarl4eficroft reHep

Hr{K 3anacHux rnapAeftcrnx 6aranbonoB

ll

softcxosofr ox-

panu flerporpaAa, c 9 annapr l9l7 s ornycKe no 6olesHn, Jleqr.rd'Icg g KHcrosoAcxe. IIIAJIOEEB Muxanl llerponuq - norIKoBHI4K' c HIoJIfl l914 noflhqueftcrep 5 orAelesHn flerporpa4a (Bu6oprcxuft, OxreHcxnft, ilalrccrponcxnfi v' Jlecuoli yvactxl't, 5-n DoTa cTo,'rgqnofi uo,'1.rqng p 5-e oTAeJIeHIIe Koggo-noluqeftirori crpaxn), yuacrnnK pa3foHoB pa6ouux 4euoncrpaunfi B HroJre l9l4 r. 25 Qenpaln l9l7 npn nonblrKe pasnoHa. pe-

y A.nercanApoBcKoro (JIucropoHe 6u,r HMH rtxeJlo na Bn6oprcxoft Mocra refiHoro)

BonroIlHoHHbIx AeMoHcipaHroa paHeH

SKCTEH Aaercan4p Huxoraesx't (1873-19!7) - nonKoBHHK, KoMaHAHp sanacuoro 6ara.nlona J.-rs. flagnoBcKoro nori<a. V6nt ieueporrr 26 Senpa.nn l9l7 na Konourennofi nlouraAlI npu BblxoAe H3 Ka3apM 4-ft porn oKpyxI{BrrrHMH ero yqacrHlIKaMH paccrpentHnoft AeuoscrpaIrHH.

-


xolnEKqlrn EbrBUEro PyccKoro 3arpaHtqHoro hCTOPhqECKOTO APXXBA B NPATE

9. H. f HAUrr HTOB

Tporeryue pyccKoh opMHl4 B l9l7 rogy l Ily6;rnxyembr_e HUx<e B(rcnour{HaHns 6u.nx cnequaJrbHo HanHcaHH 4ar Pyccxoro 3arpannqHoro HcropHqecxoro ap-

xHBa B llpare H nepeAaHbr ryAa B 1926 r. Iloc.ne nmpofi mnponof, nofinu 6ecqenuue KoJneKqrrrr gToro apx[sa 6burn BHBegeHbr s Cosercxufi Corcs n BnJrorb Ao nocreAHnx Jrer HaxoA[Jrncb Ha oco6om pexHMe xpaHeHtls. He ncnolugoBa.,racb HccneAoBareJrsMH

t| 9Ta

KoJreHxopoBac yqeHnqecKan

reTpaAKa, Mex TeM KaK COAepXaHne ee HMeeT BO MHOTOM yHnxalbnHfi xapaxrep. Ho cHa.raaa o6 aBTope orux Bocnouunannfi... Spacr Hnronaesn.l Fnaqnnron (1894-1975) ponnncn B MnonoAernofi 4nopnncxofi ceure, xnrurefi Ha xaJroBaHne qr{HoBlt[Ka-orqa, AocnyxnBlrrerocr g,o taftnoro coBeTH[I(a, A[peKropa AenapraMeHra xeJresHoAopoxHHx AeJr MnHHcrepcrBa Snnancon Poccnficrofi nMnepHH. PoAnn cBsro rrrilra nausrb AeAa no MareprHcKofi ,tnnnn reHepara

Baa4nunpa ]fsaHosnqa Maoapaxnn, Berepafla- pyccKo-Typeqxofi H KaBKa3cKux sofiH. Hnxoaaencxnfi raAercxrfi ropnyc, KoHcraHrnHoBcKoe aprunnepnficxoe yqnJrnrrle, nponsBoAcrBo n oQnqepu B aBrycre l9l4 r.3areu - Qponr nepnofi mnponoft, uecrt 6oesbrx opAeHoB, ABa Aocportnbrx n(F BbrrxeHHc B qrrHe 3a orJrr.tq[e. <IIo xapaKTepy cep,u,eunufi, orKpoBeHnbrfi n o6ulxre,nrHufi, BcerAa BeceJro n 6o4po nacrpoennufi ronorla. PernnnosHHfi, x uepau npancrnennoro nogAeficreils BocnpHuMqr{n. C ronapnulaMH xnBeT oqenb ApyxHo>r- qHTaeM o HeM B KopnycnoM xypnane. <B 6olo nHHqHArHBeH, npeKpacHo opneHrr{pyercs, He yKnoHcercf, or

t

Jlpe1rrcJrolne, noAroroBKa reKcra

HeDCKOTO.

H KoMMexrapxfi B.

f.

6opr-


onacHocni... EeeyxopnslreHHo qecreH H npaBAltB, xopouo Bocnnran, xopournfi ToBapnul)t- orMeqaercs r ero cayxe6soft amectaqnu. l Ilorou npnruna rpaxAancxaq BofiHa, c.tyx6a s Ao6poMapxoncxofi aprnaleBoflbrrecKofi apMHrr - B rereHAapHofi ptu. <3a BpeMf, cayx6u B ynpaBneH[I,I AI{BH3}Iona urra6cKanI{raH filar{uHros BcerAa orJll{qaJlcs flpnMepnbtM I{cnoJIHeHneM Bo3JIaraeMHx Ha Hero nopyueunfi. Kouauga paeBeAqr{KoB ynpaBneHuq AnBnS[ofla 6ula nocraBJleHa I'IM Ha AOnX(Hyrc BHCOTy Il nCnoJIHfJIa He TOJIbKO qlrcro 4pTHJIJIepnficxne, Ho rlacTo H KaBanepuftcxue 3aAaq[, Ao KoHHblx araK BKJInqUTeJIbHO, npuqeM BcerAa c BHAabu{t{Mcf ycnexoM>,- roBopunocb B oAHoM lls npnKason no 2-ttly AI{BH3IIoHy Aprnlnepnficrofi reHepaJla Maprona_6puraAbl. 2 B noc6be 1920 r. 26-lerHnfi noAnolxoBHHK flraquHtos BMecre c ocrarKaMn BpaHrenescxofi apMI{H noKnHyJI Poccnrc n noMtrMo cBoefi BoJIn HaBcerAa crar oMl{rpaHroM. B l92l1922 r. oH B KaqecrBe psAoBono (oareu - Kanpana) suHyxAeH 6ua cryxxtr oo OparuryscKoM HHocrpaHHoM Jlernoire xa ErnxHenr Bocroxe, HaxoAccb noucrl{He n <Ao6poBoJrbHoM pa6crne>. Herotopoe BpeMc xHJI B 6elrpa4e, noToM c orruqlteM saKoHqnfl llpaxcxr'rfi noJlnrexHlrqecrnfi uHcrrrryr, B KaqecrBe HHx(eHepa'xIlMI{Ka pa6oraa Ha 3aBoAax Opairqun u .drctpuu. Bo npeur Bropofi ruuporofi softHu 3. H. fnaquHroBy qyAoM yAanocb ns6exarr tnrJlepoBcKoro KoHI{eHrpaqHoHHoro narepc 3a aKrIlBHoe npornno4eficrBfie Bo]rHcrByloulenry pyco$o6crny HaIrHcroB. B naqale 50-x roAos oH-sluecte c ceutefi nepeexan s CoeA[HeHHue IIIraru Amepuxn, yMep B sHBape 1975 r. n Hrrc-Hopre u 6ua noxopoHeH Ha xuaA6nule Cnrro-TponltrKoro MoHacrbrpa Pyccr6fi 3apy6exnofi npanoclannofi qepxon n ,ll,xop-

-AaHBIrflJIe.3

Hapo4nar aprncrKa CCCP Corprn Bla4nunposHa frarlr{HroBa npBxoAunacr 9pacry HnxoJaesnuy AnoropoAHori cecrpofi. B cenrn6pe 1917 r. oHu o6se,HqaJll{cb. 6pax ne oKagarcc AoJITHM H cqacrJll{BblM, Ho o6a Ao xonIla Anefi cBorrx coxpaHuJltr Apyr K Apyry caMhle lodpue u HexHbIe qyBcrBa. cV nero 6ulu reunHe 6recrcqne rJlasa c cnoH' cKu noAHcTbIMl{ KBepXy yroJIKaMH-' KpacHBble pyKlr c ToHKI{MH naJrbqaMu, yAl{Bt'ITeJIbHo crpo[Hac Anq MyxqHHH TaJInt H ,qJrr{HHbIe-npeAnI,IHHhIe HorH' sa Korophle B AercrBe oH no' ryq[r KflHqKy 6acrepnn.nrcKaq'- BcnoMr'lHaJIa C. B. l'naqnnrora.- Spux 6ul yMeH H cMeIIJII{B' rpy4ollto6uB I{ Ko MysHKe' K HHocrpaHBceMy cnoco6eH - K ToqHbIM HayKaM I{ HbtrM s3bIKaM Lt cnopry. tlpu croficrnennofi euy 3aAyMqHBocTE oH o6laAa.n He It3MeHqBIIII'IM eMy HHKorAa qyBcrBoM 74


3. H.

luauugroB r.t C. B, fnauu[rosa

rcMopa. Ho rnannuM B 9pHKe 6uun ornercrBeHHocrb, cMeJrocrb (rce rpynHoe oH KaK 6u nrex4y npoqltM rcen,u,a 6paa Ha ce6g) t| noHf,THe qecrH noJtKa, ceMbH, xeH- Po4uHu, ultrHbl. fl nuror4a He Bcrpeqara MeHee gror{crHqHoro n 6onee MyxecTBeHHofo qeJroBeKa, HHKOTAa He B[Aena TaKOTO crpororo noAqHHeHHc rucoqafturnM MopanbnHu ycronm. H nprt gToM KaKafl cKpoMnocrb-c qacro nadnrcAana, KaK nnAt| noHaqany He SaMeqarcT ero cpeAH Apyrnx, a fioroM BuAersrcr H He Moryr or Hero oropBarbcfi. Ero Henreg 6u. no o6uanyrb, ganyrarb He noroMy, qro oH 6uu npoxllqarerbnee ocraJrbnbrx, npocro Bcf, Kac Qa.ntur orropraJracb 4 or Hero He 3a4enar.> HaxoAqcu B gMnrpaq[r, 3. H. fuaqnnroa BcerAa )ro4Jr

MbIcJcMH o Poccnr, MeqraJr o Bo3MoxHocr[ BogBparrleHun Ha Po4nHy, ocraBascb B ro xe BpeMr BepHbrM csouM HAefiHbIM HpaBCTBeHHbtM npHHrIHnaM, qyBcTBy AOJrra, Mopanb't Hof, orrercrBenHocrrr nepeA npeAKaMH n norouKaun. Ha cKnoHe reT oH n[caJt C. B. fnaqnHrosofi: <Ec,nn 6H qacoBan crpenKa nepeABHHynacr 6u Ha 50 ,ner nasa,q, e 6u cHoBa noBTopHn To, rtTo KorAa-To cAeIaJI, HHqerO He ll3MeHHB B csoefi cyAu6e... {ro xacaercc MeHs, To, Aaxe 3naa Bce r(aracrpoSu, R He Mor n He cMeJr nocryn[tb nna.re. IIo

xpafinefi Mepe fl yfi4y xs smfi xnsHr, a ero, neponrno, 6yAer cxopo c qncrofi coBecrbn. Ha une HeT HHXaKOTO nf,rHa...>

5

75


Bropar xena 9. H. firaqunrora, 3on Cepreerna (19031970), ypoxAeHHar MaprunoBa, Aorrb noJrKoBH[Ka [MneparopcKofi apMrr[, poAnna eMy rpex cunonefi, npoxnBanqnx HltHe B rrrrare Hrro-,ll,xepcn. Crapunfi - I(upull, xpynnnfi 6ucnecuen, npe3[Aenr KaMnaHHn oAPf HHrepHeftIrrHJr>, ne4yqefi yxe 6oaee 20 aer coBMecrHo c coBercxrrutr yqeHbrM[ BaxHHe pa6oru s o6racrn melxqnncxofi n Sapruaqenrnqecxofi npoMbrrrrJreHHocru. 6Cpe4nufi - Huroaafi, usnecrHufi yuenufi-6noxnunr, npo$eccop Hrro-HopxcKoro yHnBepcr{rera. MaaAuufi cun no o6paeo- Ceprefi, BaH[ro aHTponoJror. Bce oHH poAr{n[cb Ha .ryx6nne, no 6sau nocnr{TaHbl B Ayxe uro6sH Ir yBaxeHHR x Poccnr, ee HapoAy, ncropr|Il, Kynbrype I| nocrapaJllrcb B cBorc oqepeAb np[Bl{Tb 9To cBoI{M

AeTCM.

Meuyapuoe uacreAne trrHpHO.

6yly'ru npaxcKr{M

9. H. fnaqnHroaa recrna

o6cryAeHToM, oH HanHcaJI r{ nepe-

Aan B apxlrB pyKonlrct,t o6ulum o6reuou 6,5 anropcxnx JrtIo6cra, 7 a B KoHrIe 60-x - Haqare 70-x roAoe npoA,urronal or flepBblx cronTeJlbHble BocnoMunanfif, Toro xe o6teua BneqarJreHnfi 4ercrna lo Bropofi uuponofi rofiHu.8 Cpe4u gTI{X MaTepUaJIoB, y)I(e norHocTbrc noAroToBJIeHHbIx K ll3AaHnp, oco6oe Mecro aannMaer oAHa H3 rpex npaxcK[x rerpaAoK-nocBculeHHac co6blrnsm 1917 r. n Poccnu. C cauoro HaqaJIa llepnofi unponofr sofiHbl 9. H. fnaqunroB cnyx<nn so 2-fi 6arapee 3-fi rpenaAepcxofi 6puna4rt u x l9l7 r. 6u,n ura6c-ranuraHoM, craplxl{M o$nqepom 6arapeu. B cnoux BocnoMnHaHl{flx oH rrasaMn yqacrHxKa co6urufi paccKa3nBaer o ru6e,tbHblx AJc pyccxofi apMnlr npoqeccax B nepnoA or tDenpalc x Oxrs6pro, npxo nepeAaer HacrpoeH[s SpoxronuxoB, npexAe Bcero KaApoBoro oQnqepcrBa, oHaquTerbHac rlacrb Koroporo cblrpaJla 3areM Br{AHyrc ponb B rpilKAaHcKofi sofiHe - KaK na roft, rax u Ha Apyrofi cropoHe. Ho ne B eroM, KoHeqHo' yHnKanbHoerb [aHHbIx BocnoMuHannfi. ,lle.rlo n ToMr qro ocHoBHoe BHHMaHHe B HI{x yAeJIeHo o6crosrenrcrBaM noAaBreHnc aHTlrnpaBurenbcrBenHblx BblcrynneHnfi qacrefi IOro-3ana4noro SpoHra B rrpJre 1917 r., B Koropbtx <BoJIeK) cyAe6> AoBeJrocb np[HcTb AeflreJrbHoe yqacrlre aBropy. <Aa6u He HaBJIeqb Hl,t Ha Koro Kapanulefi Aecnnqbt coBercKofi nracrn>>, 9. H. fnaqnnron eaurnQponaJl 3anLtcKI{, JII{IIIb 6yrraun o6osHaqns Ha3BaHuc BoLtHcKIrx qacrefi n Saun,lnu o$nqepoB. Hsyrenue H conocraBJleHue MarepnaJloB pa3nnqHblx SoH4on IIf B}fA CCCP nosBoJILtJIo npol{oBecrl{ noflHyp Aeruu$ponxy pyKonnctl. B perytrrare BbIqHHJtocb, qro perlb lrAer o caMoBoflI;HoM yxoAe c 6oenux nosuqnfi 46-fi nexot sofi Aunnssu n oco6enHo o BbIcrynneHHH BxoAHBIIIero B 76


9ry

l8l-ro Ocrpouencroro nonKa.

HueHHo sror aprnllepuftcKoMy o6crpeJry KoMaHAyeuofi aBropoM 6arapeu. B Heo6ospnMoM Mope Hayuuofi r MeMyapHofi lnreparypbr o pyccxofi apunn 1917 r. aToT cnxeT ocTaJrcs coBep[reHHo HeocBeuIeHHbtM Mex TeM KaK coo6qaeuue 9. H. fnaqsnronuM cBeAeHHr- o norepcx <6ynronqnron> (154 qe.loneKa, r{3 roux 48 y6nro) cBnAeTeJrbcTByrcT, qTo gTa KapaTeJrbHaq onepaqHf, 3HarIHAnBHBT{ro

noJIK B KoHqe KoHqoB noABeprcr

TeJrbHo npeBocxoAnT

no

cBoIrM TparnqecKHM peSynbTaTaM

BCe, H3BeCTHbre AO HaCTOCUIeTO BpeMeHn.

Bocnouuuaunn ny6anKynrcs no pyKon[cu noJrnocrbKr,

6ee xar[x-ru6o rynnp. e Crapan opQorpaQnc saMeHeHaHa coBpeMeHHyrc. B xna4parnue cxo6xn 3aKrnqeHbr 4erun$poBaHHHe HagBaHHR Bor{HcKHx qacrefi n Qauuanu BoeHHo-

cnyxaqrx. 3aroaosox 4an ny6lnKaropoM. Ilo4roronxa

KoMMeHrapns ocyu{ecrBJreHa rJraBHbtM o6pasoru Ha ocHoBe AoKyMeHroB UfBI,lA CCCP, a raKxe paeantnofi BoeHHo[crop[qecKofi u cnpanoqnofi Jrnreparypbr. ..t l{eurpa.lr-luq{ rocyAapcraexuuft BoenHo-Hcropuqecxufi apxua CCCP (,qaaee-UfBl4A). O. 920. O;. l. A. 2810. JI. 9; @. 3675. On. 2. 0,. 426. JI. 9ll-913.

2 Bunncxa_r{3 npuKa3a Ne_21 ($2) no 2-rrry AHBH3r.roHy . Aprur.nepuftcxofi neHepara Mapxona 6pura,u:u. 2 utols 'aDxtle 1920 r., celo Mnxafilosxa ll JIuqnHfi Kupu.rua

fna[uHrosa_(r. Maynrexcaft,q, Hrrc-Axeicu, CIXA). 3

Cu.: boprHescxuri B. l) pa6arrlll He

cra,ru.

HelrsgecrHue crpaHuubr rparuuecr6rt ltcropulr pyccxofi

eMr{rpaqrr nepaofi sotuw ll Vqnremcxaq iaseri.- lggg. 5 oxrr6pn; 2l trluxu BpeMeHH. ll Tau xe. 1g89. B0 Hoa6pa. a f uaquurona CoQrs. C nausrrp Haear.rne.

M.,

1989. C. 46r-462.

s

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Poccuefi

e cepaqe! IIg

nuceu Opacra Huro.nae-

euua,faaquxroaa Cotpre B;la4nrtruporn6 fnaqfiHroeofi

/

ny6aarauua u npe4uolonue

B.

Dopnrencxoro// JIeHss-

rpa,l,cxrlft yur.rBepcurer. 1990. 5 svnapi. 6 Cu. floucr. 1989. N! 26. C.7.' 7 UeurpalrHnft rocyaapcraennufi

peBonrour.ru,

apxua Oxrr6prcrofi

Bbrcu[x opranoB rocy]IapcrBeuHofi s",racrl.t

lo-cy4apcrB_eHHoro ynpaBJtenrrs

u

CCCp (aa.nee-[fAOp

qCCPl. O 58!1. On- 2. n: 309 (<Bocnorr.runanur>), A. 310-3ll (<Ee.nne pa6u. Bocnounianr.rs Karrparra o ,I(H3HII pycCKI,IX B UHOCTpaHHOrr,l .nernOxe>), 8 f uaur.rHros 3. H. Bocnouusanur (opurr.rna;r ItarnuroQouuofi aanrcu) ll fla,anwfi apxnn Knpr.r.nia fuaUI-IHTOBA.

'g

U|AOP CCCP. O. 5881. On. 2. n. 809. 25

.rr.n.

77


BOCTIOMHHAHIIf, flocleAuLre roAbr yHecrn c co6ofi MHofo pyccKilx ;KI13Herl. flpo,rlt,'rocb ueJroe Mope KpoBH B Mex{Aoyco6nofi sofi* He. Bo.rep cyAe6, MHe npHIIrJIocb eure Ao Haqa"ra fpa)KAaucxoti Bo!"rHbI, B To BpeMt, KofAa renepaJl Jlaap feoprtte-nuu l(opnnnos, 6yAyuu BepxonHuu l.nasHorotuaHAylourll'\'l', AeJra,r [ocJIeAHI{e [onbITKLI CraCTIz pyCCKy]o .IecTb, 6uTb oAHHM Ir3 rJraBHbIx 4eficrnynulux J'lHIl xponanoli rpaMbl, nponcrrreArrreii n paftone Epoau-TapHorIoJIb. Co6urue, Koropoe fl onucblBalo HI{xe, Ao c}Ix nop He npeAaBaJlocb or,qacKe. Bpeueuuoe npaBI{Te,'IbcrBo, cHAguree MexAy AByx cryJlbeB, no BIIoJIHe noHqrHbIM co6paxeunru He MofJro orJlaclrrb ero, TaK KaK 3To 6tl sblesaJlo 6o,rluoe HeyAoBoJrbctsue Coseroo pa6ovnx E coJIAarcKHx AeIIy_ra-

toi.

ElnncrtseHHafl gaMerKa, flogBuBllraficfl B ra3ere .<Ktr-

l9l7 roAa, coBepuleuHo He qcHoro o6o BceM [poficIIIeAuIeM.npeAcraBJleaug AaBa,'Ia * Tau 6u,ro crasaHo npn6lusnteJlbHo cJleAyrouree: l6 sto"rts nucrypac[oJroxeHHe... flexorttoft AusEgHH, orKa3aBlueficn narb Ha lto3llqnn, 6u;to ouenJleHo orpsAoM KaBa,']Iepnlt ]r aprr.rJIJIepHIt. batapea... rpena4epcxoft aprH.nlepulicxoit 6pnra4u BbInycrLIJIa no AHBHSHH TpII upanHeJ'III Ha BblcoeBcKaq MbIcJIb>> B KoHIre llro,rq

ll3bgBll.tllt KHX pa3pblBax, nocJle qeno Bce IIoJIKH 2. '.rlBrlSIlH cor,'racue Ha BbInoJIHeHue 6oegoro npuxasa>> a Ha cauou Aele 6uno Bbrnyqego He rpl{ cuaptAa' qeM rlerblpe, pa3pblBax' o Ha BbIcoKHx H He BoceMbAecflT r{e-

cBHAereJIbcrByIor norepl{ 6yHroruluxoB' cro rtsrbAecqr Tbrpe qeJIoBeKa, H3 KoHX copoK Bocel\,tb y6urnx. O6crpe"rtlBa,rracb He Bcfl AHBLlgHfl, a ro,'IbKo O' (crponeHcxuft) no,rx' nprr Koropottl se 6uno oQHqepon n xoropnft B gror nepHOA

oi.rr[,{arci sau6ortrunrrl

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3. BuAq peuI.ITer'IbHbIe

Mepbr npaBHTeJIbcrBeHHHx softcx, ocTaJIbHbIe noJIKH ns6ynrosasueiicR AIIBI.I3IIH Il3bRBIlJIIt noKopnocrb, He xeran noABeprarrcg yqacrl'I O. (crpo,reHcroro ) no,'IKa. B csoux BocnoMHHaHI'Iflx f cqer HyxHbIM paHb[Ie' qeM nepefirn K o[IicaHlln caMoro neqaJlbnoro co6utua, s o6ulix ueprax o6pncoearb cocroflHue 6arapeu, n roropoli R c.nyxun, n oxpyxaroqux ee qacreii. @alranlnn oQnqepor H Ha3BaHI{fl .Iacreil He Ha3bIBaIo, 4a6u He HaBJIeqb HII Ha Kor'o Kapanqefi .Aecnuubt coBercKoft snacru. Bcn-suuy-s 1916-1917 roAa Halxa-6arapex 4. npocroR,ra [IIeJrsoBcKoM necy Bo.nuHcxofi ry6epnnu" Ha noslluuH Oxonu uaurefi n ueueqxoft nexorbl HaxoAIlJIHcb oqenb 6ags-

* 3,[ecb u Aa,'Iee Bce AarH 78

[PnBoAflTcs no crapoMy crnnn.


Ko Apyr or Apyna. Mecraun c6;tuxesue AocrllraJlo BoceMHaAIlarII [IaroB, TaK uro npoBorol{Hble 3arpax(Aeuts 6ultl B

:3rHx Mecrax o6ulne. fIosHIII'Is 6n.na ue us croxofiHrrx'

flo uoqau uepe6pacunaJll'Icb

MI'IHaMI{ II.3- M:HHoM€ToB' Ko-

ropbre pa3pbIBaffcb tlpousBoAI'{JIu oruIyilarculnil - rpoxor. flexorgue qacrn, KaK HaIIrfi, TaK H .nporlIBHHKa, 6naroAapff cu,'rbHoMy c6;lxxeunlo olleHb HgpBflI'IqarH H qacro BbI3brBaJrH 3arpaAuTeJlrsufi oronr aprlulJleplin. Taxsn'r o6pa3OM IIO HOqaM TO TyT, TO TaM BcrIbilxI',IBaJIa AoBoJIbHo oxI'IB-

reHHaq nepecrpeJlKa. Earapeu uaun 6u.rs o6nnlso csa6" )KeHbr cHapflAaMli LI MbI, He cTecHttgcb, pacxoAoB?JIH HX; Ha sa6;rroAareJlbHblx nynKrax BbIcJIelKhBa.[lI repMaHcxue 6arapeu, Koropble nocJle lrpl{crpeJIKlI irlu o6crpeJIHBaJII'I yAyIIJHBLIMI.I CuapflAaMu. Haura ltoslillus 6ltna oqeHl xopo[ro yKpblra or.B3opoB rIporI'rBHHKa il Hau{yrlarb Hac He' i,leuxoii isxe,loft aprIr,'IJIeplru He yAaBaJIocl. B,raroAapR o6s.nxp JlecHoro MarepuaJla 3eMJIIHKI'I co,'IAar 6u;tn orJrr4qHo o6opyAoaaxu, JlouraAn crosJIH rloA HaBecoM; y nepeAKOB 6una ycrpoeHa npeKpacHas Sanr; c,'IoBoM ycrpoHJILIcb Ha cJIaBy co BceM Bo3Mox(HbIM xoiraQoprou. CorAaru 6H.[Ir no,{rli Bce crapble H orHo[IeHHr MexAy HlrMH r.r oQuqepcxuu cocraBoM 6u.nu ranne, Jlyqure Koro' pbrx H xeJlarb 6H.rlo He.n'rsn. C aHnapfl Mecq(a HaqaJJH IIoroBapuBarb o HacryrIJIeHI{H, foroBqureMcg c Hauefi cropoHbl. Bce ronopn.no sa ero, s oco6eHHocru Hacrosuraq 6oivl6apAnponxa or pa3Hblx rbIJIoBbIx flpexAenuft pas.nu'lnuMH 3arlpocaMl.t o cocroflHllu 6oesr,lx tipnllacoB' cafiof, urnse,refi, cyxapefi H ra:x Aa,'Iee. V o6o sceM HaAo 6Hno qeM B Tpex AOHOCHTb <<CpOTIHO>>, <<CeKpeTHO>> lI He MeHee eK3eMn,rrgpax. MnaAruue oSnqepu 6arapeu ue pasru6alcr qeprri,rur pa3Hble KpoKIz H cxeMbl, a 3aBeAyloulltii xossficrBoM cocraBJlr,'I caMble pasnoo6pasHble BeAoMocrra. B Senpa,re coceAnxfi c uaureft 4unusueii yqacroK rIocerLIJI rd'IaBioxouan4ylolrlnfl loro-sarlaAuoro $poura renepaJl EpycuJros 5 lt AoJIro ocMarpItBaJI rloAcrylbl K rro3ulruqM nporuBHuxa. 3ro [ocJIeAIIee etrt.e 6o.nee yKpenHJIo Hac Bcex B MbIC,']H, qTO TOTOBHTCfl 6o,rluroe HacTy[JIeHIie. Bce urr BepHJII{, r{To pe3yrbraroM SToro HacrylJIeHI'Ir 6yaer no6eAouoesoe oKoHr{aH[e softHb,I. flonnrNxofi HITKTo Hs uac oco6enuo He LlHrepecoBarcq. Ilpasla nce 6u.nu par,ocrno B3BoJIHoBaHu i6uricrnou Pacnyrnna 6; soo6ue pyrAJIH TbI,II II B IIAETHOCTT |IPOTONONOBA 7. B ETOM I-I tsbIPA. xa.rrocb Bce Halle yqacrlie B no,'Inrl4qecxoil >xltaHl'i cTpaHbI' flepnoro Mapra Ber{epoM AoIx"Il'{ Ao l{ac [epBL'Ie Becrl{ o oo6nrusx a llerporpaAe 8. Bneqa?JIeHI'Ie 6stno oure.nolt,qsrcu,ee. Ao czx nop Bepl{,'Iocb B 3ApaBr,lii cuuc;n pyKoBo-


xusHll, KagaJlocb, qro y HHx xBarHT Ailfl rono, uto6br orJroxlTb cBou naprnftune cqerbr Ao oKoHqaHHq sofiHbr. OAsaxo gericrruTenbHocrb noKa3aJra nporr.rBHoe. B nepnuft MoMeHr Ha Bcex Hac Ha[JJro caMoe MpaqHoe oTqatHHe, Ta{( KaK HHKTO He AyMan, rrro npa'BHTenbcrBo 6es scsxoro conporr.rB,'reHLrff orAacr BJracrb. flcHo 6u.no, qro BHyrpeHHHe 6ecnopn.4ru or3oByrcr rn6elrno Ha c\ocroqHun Qpoura, 3Haqur copBercg HacTy[neHne H eule gaTqne1cq goftHa. Huxro, KoHerIHo, AHTeJIeIi [oJIHTHqecKoft

tsce-TaKn narpnorll3Ma

He

_Mor ce6e npeAcraBriTb HHoro oKoHqaHr.rr sofirrb{ KpoMe

no6e,('Horo.

9ep,ea ABa AHfl npnrrren MaHuQecr focy,qapx Huneparopa-o6 o?peqeHnn or fipecrona u uauueecr Belnxoro xisgs Mnxanna A.nencaH4poBlqa e. KouasAr.rp 6arapen lo, H€ 6yayun B cuJrax sr.rrarb arn uaunQecrbr coJrAaraM caM, nopyrrur ero cAenarb MHe. flpourr o6a rrlaHuQecra nepeA crqge_y, n or ce6q 4o6annl, qro 304 roAa roMy HasaA nepHs AoMa PoMaHosHx Mnxaul <Deioposuq cnic 1ufi I{apr P_occuro ll, tl renepb cnacer ee ero npaBHyK, roxe Mnxau,r. Hxxaxnx corrrHennft B ToM, qm Ml.rxaa.lr A.nexcanApoBr.rq 6yaer npocurb Vupe,qure;rlHoe co6paune B3srb BJracrb B cBolr pyKlr, y MeHfl He 6uno. He ro.nrxo Mbr, oAHaKo, Ho H coJrAarbr Har[r.r B To BpeMr He MorJrlt ce6e npegcraBurb Pocclr_ro peo!y6.nnxofi. Co.n4aru MoJrqa nuclyuraln o6a uaunOecra. Hnxlo r.r3 HHx HHKaKHx BocroproB He Bbrpaxa,r. fleproe BpeMR nocJre nepeBopora nogr.tuuoHHafl xllsHb nporeKaJra KaK B'cerAa 6es xaxax-an6o usMeueHHfi; rolrKo fioqry_oxriAanl{ c eu1e 6o.tturnu HereprreuueM, r{eM o6rr.IHo. Bce c x(aAHocrblo HaKHAbIBaJIlrcb Ha ra3eTbl. Kompbre xaxAufi AeHb npnHocnJrr,r Bce 6onee n 6olee MpaqHbre HoBocrlr. C seflHgaftullM yAtrBJreHHeM y3HaJrn vlr o cyurg-craoBaH[n Cosera pa6ouux H conAarcKnx Ae[yra12, ToB

Ho HHKaKoro gHaqeHug eMy He [pIrAaJrI{.

Orgoruennn MexAy HaMI.I H coJrAaraMlr He r{3MeHn.;rHcb. flepeueHa 6ula rolrxo BHerlrHgfl: MbI crapar'Iacb IIM roBopI{Tb <<tsLil>>, a oHIt roxe crapar'IHcb BMecro <Baue 6,laro_ poAr.re> HagbrBarb Hac tto unuy 13. r{ro6u ueu-uH6_ygl orrennrb peBonrcql,tn coJrAarbr peIIIHIH ycrponrr o6rqee co6paxHe. Kax nepBoe co6paHlle, TaKlr-Bce nocneAyroq[e npoxoAr{Jrn B noJrnefiureu nopr4_ re. O6Hq'Ho npeAceAareJreM srltx co6pauuft 6rilear r, ecJrr{ xe MeHr He 6n.no, ro xaxoft-Hn6yAb MJraArunfi oexrlep, craprunft ns flpucyrcrBoBaBurnx. Huxro K groMy coJrAar He npnHyxAaJr, a onr.r caMr.r raK pelxrun. EcrH so BpeMfl co_ 6panuft [pHxoAHJr KoMaHAHp ,6arapen, To npeAceAare,rrb KoMaHAoBar <Bcrarb, cMr.rpHo>>. I(ouan4np sAopoBa,,rc, c 80


<Mo,loAqaMu>, Koropble KaK o6uqno orBeqarn: <34pannn >r(eJraeM, nocnoAan noJrKoBHuK>. O6HrHoseHHo Ha co6paHHrx rrnraJrn ragef,bl, HHorAa xro-nu6y4r xs oQnqepon uu-

rar n pa36acusn [porpaMMy

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My BpeMeHH yx(e o6rqslisurfixcg coqr{aJrucroB nbrraJlcfl Bogpaxarb, Ho oQuuepy KoHetrno He crouJro oco6oro rpyAa pas6nrl ero. 3ro HoBoflBJrerrnbre <co3nareJrbHbre>, no 6olrueft 'racrn MacrepoBbile uB o6o3a, Bce BpeMfi rrbrraJrncb BHecrH pa3Aop B Harrry recHyro 6arapeftnyro ceMbro, Ho Bce HX nontilrKH JrHrnBHAr{poBanHcb CaMHMT{ xe COJrAaraMIi. K coxaresnro, B ery 3HMy Ha HarueM Qponre 6u;ro AoBoJrbHo MHoro ga6oJlesaHr.rfl unHroft H noroMy y nac 6u.na cuJrbnaf, HexBarKa B JrroAflx. Co AHq Ha AeHb Mbr o)KHAaJTH npn6urxa nononHeHrir r{3 Tbrdrra. flono;lnenne ero npn6sl.no npu6;rHsnreJrbno B cepeAr.rne Mapra. Hononpu6uBrrrue, 3a HcK,'rrcqeH[eM AByx 6He[Jrix ropoAoBbrx, cpa3y xe npougBeJrn Ha Hac oqeHb He[pnqrHoe B[eqarJreHne. I4x rox coBeprxenHo He rroAxoAn.n x saureft 6arapee. lopo4ornx uarrrtt crapbre 6arapefiuu trpuHrnn xopoluo, H oHH 6ucrpo ocBo[d]rHcb co cBoI.{M HOBbTM IOJIOXeHHeU. oAUn H3 HHX 6u.n ne4e.nu qepe3 ABe noc!'re npn6nrnn y6nr npu oqepeAtrolrl_o6crpene yqacTKa, H COJrAaTbr HcKpeHHe xaJIeJrI{ efo. .[,nr uepes ABa nocJre npu6urua nono.nHeHHq 6una Ha3naqena _rlpncqra BpeMeHHoMy npaBurenbcrrny. Haura u Tperbn 6arapen nptlcsraJra BMecre Ha naureh nogHrIHH. Ha,ranbcrso co6pa.irocr s Haueft 3eMJrtHKe, KorAa no reJleQoHy 4o.nox(HJrn, rrro. nroAk rocrpoeHbr. Crapulufi oenuep rperleft 6arapet, .lrlofi ronapunl rto yqnJrnqy una6c-ranuran f.(a;rrcrep) t4 H fl norrrJrn ocMorperb "rlr6aefi. floAxoAs K tro3HuHll, MbI H3AaJIH 3aMeTHJrH CKBOSb AepeBbg KaKI{e_TO KpaaHbre nqrHa. flolofils 6nnxe, uu ynu4e.nu Ha Qlaurax 6arapeft KpacHbre 3HaMeHa u y Hexoroptrx coJrAar npnKperrJre,Hnbre K rpyAr.r Kpaoubre 6asru. Bce sro 6u.no c,ue_ JraHo KoHerIHo lroA BJIr.rsHI{eM npn6unurero norroJrHennr. flo,qofias K cBonM 6arapeRna, Mbr npnr(asa;rn y6part suaMeHa, gareM o6oru;nl QpoHr H codciseHHopyrrno nocHHMaJrH CO BCeX KpacHbre yKparrreHr{fl.

I{epeuouun npficqrH npouna coBepruenHo rnaAKo. rJneqarJreHufl oHa oAHaKo Hr{ Ha .Koro He npouanena. OrcyTcTBHe KpeCTa r.r eBaHteJrr.tff AeJranH Bcro 9Ty UepeMoHnro HeHyxHoft l,l 6yraQopcroft r5. Iloc;re npoqreHus reKcra npucsrn Bce paonncaJrucb r.r Ha groM nce 6uno KoHqeHo. Bcro_pe nocJre npllcrrn fl yexan B ornycK, ocratsr.rB Bce Haurn 6oesb,re qacru B rroJrHo,M nopx4re.-geM Aa,,Iblrre , orb_

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raK KaK Ue,'IbIe oTpgAbi oTXoAHJII'I AOBOJIbHo AafleKo oT cBoero pac[oJloxeHHg H HanaAaJIH Ha oTAeJIbHbIe IIoBo3Krr. flptttu.nocr ,Bce o6o3bl coeAl{Hfirb BMecre I'I ornpa'B,rrflTb rnoA oxpauofi KaBaJlepnn. Taxoe noJlolreHne HapyuaJro npaBHJrbHoe nr.IraHLIe QpoHra BceM neo6xoAulrruu v orpbrBaJro or Qponra qeJIyIo Alt,Blrsl{ro KaBanepuu. Hegs,secrHo, KaK AoJrro 6u eule HflrHqHJIct ,c 6yHronulu' xaun l(epeucxr.rr?, Ho Ha cr{acrbe B sro BpeMr rJIaBHoKoMaHAyrorrluu 6u.n Hasuaqen l(oputuon, xoropufi cpasy xe orAan rpuKas o BBeAeHUH cueprHofi KaBHH n npnQpourosofi noroce aa. Enecny.n ryl{ HaAex(Abr Ha ro, qro elqe He Bce flponano. BcneA 3a gTIrM npHKa3oM 6un no.nyueH er{e oArrH ueo6xo4l.rMocrH Becrr{ ganflTr{t c coJIAaraMH Ha - o Tex yqacrKax, fAe aro no3tsoJrqer 6oeeag o6craHosxa. Tar KaK Halla cToqHKa [pLIHLIMana XapaKrep noguunonnoft BofiHbr, Mbr He 3aMeAJIT.IJIU 9THM BocnoJlbgoBarbct w Haqanrw tsecrl.I gauflrlrs uerrrrM crpoeM, qro sau6onee cnoco6crnyer noATrfu,Ba'Hr{ro coJrAar. KounrerquKn Harrrn oqeHb Hettpl.IflTHo 6unr nopaxeH[r raKHM o6oporou AeJra, a co,'IHOft,

AATbI, NOqY'B, IITO HX BONbHIIIIE NPHXOAI,IT KOHCI{, SAMETHO noATqlHyJIHCb.

l2-ro Nrcrq paHo yrpoM y Hac 6u.na cluruua opyanfiHafl crpeJrb6a c ru.ila. flpnexaeuue B ror xe AeHl o6osHbre paccKa3aJrn, rrro : . : (46-n nexoruan) AnBru^slirfi oKpyxeHa KaBanepneft H yrpoM no O.(crpoleucrouy) no"rrxy, pacnoJroxHBrrreMycr B porqe, crpenqna ray6nuuax 6arapefl 45. llocne ,HecKoJrbKr{x BbrcrpeJroB, nponsBeAexHbrx Ha BbrcoKrrx_ pagpbr'Bax, 6argpea orKa3aJracb rrpoAonlr(arb oroub. Ha 6ynronuluKoB sra crpeat6a He npor.r3BeJra Hr.lKaKofo BneqarJreHus, u rpa6exx u 6ecqnHcrBa npoAonx(aaxcr. flo-npexHeMy o6ogu conpoBoxAaJrr.rcb xananepNeft u nosuqnfiHbre rracrn lurn noryrraJr'fi Bce He Bo,BpeMfl HJIH ocraBaJrncb Aonroe BpeMq 6es xre6a. Taxoe noJroxeHue cHJrbHo og.no6.nslo conAar npornB MffrexHHKoB a6. Oxo.rro 12 ,racos l5.ro Hro;rg li:l ynpa,Bneuun 6pura4n 6uro no.nyrreuo npnKa3anne HeMeAneHHo tsbrcJrarb opyAl.re npu._oAHoM oQnuepe B pac,nopqxeur{e KoMaH4npa 6pnraALil "'. KaK opyAHe, raK u oonUep Aonx(Hbr 6u.nn nArn no xpe6nn. Kpou_e KoMaHAl.rpa 6arapeu y Hac 6uno Ha.nuqo rpu oQuuepa.,fl uoAoruer rflHyrb xpe6nft nepBE{M H cpasy xe Bbrrrny.n 6yuaxxy.c KpecroM. B opyAllu, BbrrsHyBrrreM xpe6ufi, HaBoArrHKoM 6u;r ac-ep Tpy6xdn. t{epes rpil uaca e yxe noABer opyAue K ynpaBnexno 6pura4br, rAe ytsHAan yx(e slgsrrln€ opyAur AByx Apyrsx 6arapeft. Oxaga_ Jrocb, rrro oce 6arapeu nonyqurn TaKoe xe rrpH,Ka3aHue H rerepb x4yr c6opa Bcex urecrn opyaNfi. Crapurufi Hs npn93


6Hsurux oQfiqepoe aB 6yAer Ha3Harren KoMauAyr,orqnu 6aTape[ H noIyrILIT saAaiHI.Ie. B oxnAanuu npz6urur ocra"'rbnbrx rpex opyAnft uu cTpoIUIH pa3JrfirrtHbre flpeAlo.loxeHur. crapaJ'rllcb KaK-HI.I-

ag,uoraHTa ae, Ho oH caM Huqero He 3HaJI. I-IaxoHerr Bce rrecrb opy4uft 6u,rn co6paHu. CtapultM I't3 oQurlepon oKa3a,'Ict r. AAororaHT Ao,'IoxHJI 06o Mue, u uepeo Mi{Hyry t croflJl nepeA KoMaHAnpou 6pHra4u. fenepa"'t 6lt;r cn.qr,Ho 'B3Bo,rHoBau. llpex4e Bcero oH I\{eHt npeAynpeAILri, trro 3aAaqa, HcIIoJIHeHtle xoropoii BbInaJIo Ha MeuR, Heo6rruatluo rpyAnafl H ureKorJluBafl. .[le,ro a roM, qro repnerb y ce6x ,B rbldry 'ns6yHronaeuyrccfl AHBI.{3uIo coBepIII€HHO HeBOSMOXHO' H nOsTOMy peUeHO u'II'IKBHAHpOBaTb NIfl-

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B

paClOpfl)KeHIie KOMaHAyIOTIIeTO Ka-

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flo npnuouy ff AOJIX(CH 6HT gCCTH 6arapero 6u,ro eepcr AecflTb, Ho Mse uaAo 6u;lo cAeJlarb He MeHbIIIe nqrHaAqaru, uro6g o6oilttl Bce orIHcaHHLle r\{ecra. floxe.[as MHe yAar{H, KoMaHAIlp 6pura4u orrrycruJl N.reuq. BHfiAx I.t3 nz6t;, a paccKasar'I o$zqepau 'Bce' llro ygHaJr caM, a gareM, co6pan "TIIoA€ft, cKa3aJI HM, qro I?IAeM B KapareJlbHblfi orpa4 I{ [ogroMy fl Irx flpeAynpexAalo' qro Ha.u.o 6H"'ro

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6yler MHoIo Kaparlcs 6ecnou{ar,uo' Bncrynu.nu MbI I{3 AepeBHI{, e xoropoli co6pa.nucl nce opyAl.{q, oKorTo ceMH qacoB Ber{epa. I44rx npzturocb oqeHb ocropox<Ho, uro6ut He BcrperuTbcn c 6yHronquxaMH'-IIo3To: My q 'BbrcraJl'BnepeA I'{ B cropoHy HoBoflBJIeHHOTO nporl{BHlrxa pasrtesAH. Vxe creMHeJIo, KofAa Ha Aopore BnepeAH Hac noKa3aJII,Icb BcaAHIlru. 3ro 6lt.nn xagartl, BbIcJIaHHbIe KoruaHAHpoM orpsAa AJiq Bcrpetln 6arapeu. 9epes' lto-Jlqaca r yxe orf anoptbeaJl inoJIKoBHnxy T. (onu"ruHy) o npu6urnll: Hhc xaa,ru C 6o.rrrurnu I'IHrepecoM, TaK KaK Bce Ir oQuqe' pbr, u Ka3aKE crpalxHo roMHJIHcb HeceHIleM raxoft crpauHoft MI{uKa

c.rryx6u. 91


Orpna cocros"r II3 AByx KoHIIbIx,Kasaqbnx AoHcKIIx [o"'I.KoB H C.(aH4ouup)'cxoro KoHHo-ltorpaHHrIHoro flo,'IKa o'!,ucqun;rnHa 'Bo BceM orpflAe 6n.rra o6pa3lloBas. Osro6"IleHIie'nporHB 6yHrooruuxos 6Hno 6o.nrruoe. Kaeanepnlt npt.t' xoAr{,'Iocb Hecrr{ oqenJreHue Bcefo pafiona H KpoMe rorc oxpaHsrr o6ogtr, I,'1 ,rn4n, II JroIxaAI.I 6unte crpaurHo H3MoTaHbI; npu etou:xaxAufi or"qutlHo co3HaBaJI Bclo ypoA"'IliBocrb It HeuopMa,'IbHocrb co3AaBuefocg [o,'Io)KeHI.In. K uau, aprtl.'Ir'repncraM, oruorxeHue Ha nepBbrx nopax 6uno onpe4e,'IeHHo HeAoBepr{r.rBoe. Srorvry ruu 6unu o6sgasu cBoI{M npeAllrecrBeHHr{KaM, IrOC,.re nepBoro BbrcrpeJra orKa3aBlrrHMcg cTpe,'tflTb AaJlblxe.

I(oua,ugup orpflAa npoci{,'r ueus AeficrBoBarb peull-

TeJrbHo, He crpeJrflTb Ha 'BblcoKux pa3pbrBax, TaK KoK TZr: Koe 3anyrnrBaHne coBeprueHHo He BeAer K rreJrlt. fl"ran .ltuKBHAaTIHT.{ ${qrexa 6H.[ raxos: KoHHHua K paccBery Ao.,rx-

Ha gaKoHrrurb oKpyxeHue recHbrM KoJrbrroM O. (crpocxoro [o,'IKa, pacno,'roxeHHoro,s He6oflru]ofi poure. Earapes c paccBeroM orKpbrBaeT oroHb no poqe H BeAer ero Ao rex rop, noKa Mflre)KHHKH ue ouii4yr orryAa 6es opyxrq. O. (crpo.ren).c'xufi no;rx 6un us6pau KaK Hapr6o,ree orJrHqr.rBrrrlrr?cq sa grn AHH 6ec.rr.rHcrsaMff ur. Kpol,re roro, crpersq fio poqe; MH fis6eranu Heus6exHbrx xeprB .cpeAn Mr.{pHoro HaceJleHr.rff r.r HI,I B qeM HenoBHHHofo oQHqepneH)

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saqbero oQuuepa Bbrexar Ha peKorHocrlupoBKy no3l{rlrrt,t. .{vIH [oAbexanH noqru BnJrorHyro x cauofi poqe, He tscrpeTLI'B HHKaKoro OxpaHeuug. 3ro flcHo IIoKa3bIBa.rro Ha ro, trro coJIAarH B noJruoii uepe HacJraxAaJ'rucb [JroAaMr{ Aocmrnyrofi cso6oAu, a xpoMe-Toro coBepuenno He 6os,rucl BosMoxrHoro HaKagaHHs u ue nepunu B perxrlrenrHue AeficTBHfl_npaBHTeJIbCTBa, KOTOpbTMH IrM yrpolKaJrH cToJIbKo pas. flyra,une Bbrcrp€r'raMlr " ray6aunoir -6arapen roJrbKo yKpenuJro ux ts co3naHuu csoeii 6esonacHocrr4. Bu6pan orxpbrryro rro3r.{rru}o npn6nnsureJrbHo B Bepcre oT porrlH, q llocrail AoHeceHr.re KoMaHAupy OrprAa u nprrKasaHI{e cJaprueMy o$uuepy na pbrcsx necira 6arapero. Cseraro. B porue ge 6u,ro gaMerHo Huxaxoro ruese,'Iet{uq, Ha ;ryry nepe4'Porqefr MrrpHo.racJrricb clyrannbre .'rorraArt Mqrerl<noro'noJrr(a. "Kor,qa noAour,r a 6 a"r a.p en, 6n.no'cosceM

35


cBegro. Vxaga,B KaxAoMy opyAnro rorrKy HaBoAKH, f, npl'rroroBHJrcs K orKpbrrxrc onun. MnHyr qepea Aecqrb K no3l{r{Hr.r noAtexaJr .noJrKoonnx T.(onx.rrun) B conpoBoxAeHltx corHu Ka3aKoB H gcKaApoHa KaBanepun. f Ao.rtoxI{JI eMy, rrro Bce roro-Bo. MqrexHll'xn Hac eule He gaMerHJIH H npoAOJr)KaJrH Cnarb MHpHbrM Cttotrt. Eu.no nflTb qacoB 20 uunyr' KorAa noJIKoBHuK T. (onn.rrnH) npnKasan MHe orKpurb or0Hb.

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sa BbrcrpenoM nepeA poIuefi norIJIbIJIo 6e.noe o6nauxo paspbrBa. flpn6aann rpfiIleJl, fl AaJI Bblcrpen_'BropErM opyAI{eM. CHapa4 paaopaalci na cauoft onyIIIKe. He Aaeas tspeMeHu onoMHtrrbct Hll cBoHM coJIAaraM, HH MgrexHHKaM' g AaJI oAHo oqepeAb (xaxgoe opyAI'Ie -c crpenter ro oAHoMy p13y Ka'Kofo-Hu6yll Q;ranra). Paapusu 3a ApyrHM, Haqnnas npnunacb no naJIarKaM. B oAus MI'II Bcq poua oxIrJIa. Cyuarcxa noAHsJlacb HeBepoqrHas; KTo xBaraJlct 3a BI{nroBKy, KTO InpocTo noA BJII{gHI'IeM naHHqecKoro yxaca Me' rarcs or oAHoro AepeBa K ApyroMy 6es scsxoro roJIKy' floc.ne nepnblx nuctle.lot

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4 l-116


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B nonHTKe rocyAapcrBeHHoro- nepeBopora; 19 uoa6pl BMecre c rpynnofi apecrooauHux reHepaJroB H o$uqepos coBepruun no6er u 4o6palca 4o Honouepxaccra, rr,e npuHfln arrsauefiruee yqacrHe B co3AaHHH ,{o6po06BHHeHnro

jplllll.l. Ocyuecrnra.rr BoeuHo-oneparnBnoe py.(,o6poao;nvecrofi apuueri s xoae ee llepo6io Ky6ancroro (u,nrr le,uauoro) noxoaa; y6ur no4 ExarepHHoAapoM 3l r'rapra l9l8 r. 2 Pevt nger o npocrpauuofi crarbe B (KHeBcKoft Mbrc.rtn) or 5 anrycra l9l7 r. noA garonoBKou <Vctnlrpe. Huc noJrKa .(or narueno KoppecnoHAeHra) >. B uefi roeoirlnocb, oAHaKo, uro 16 urola 6u,ro AaHo rpHHaAqarb rxpanHenbgbrx o,repeAeft, oT KoroprJx nortGro ll, yruepao or pau 4 u paueuo 40 qeaosex. 3 3Aecu n ,u,a.{eg peqb uAer o l8l-u ilexorHor\r Ocrpo,'reHcKoM nolxy 46-ft nexorsoir AHBH3un, B cocraB Koropofi^axoau,nn raxxe 182-fi fpoxoncx-ufi, fg3-fi fly,rryccxufi u 184-ri Bapruancrxfi no;lrn. Eule 2?'uapra ttitZ'r,. xoMaH,[Hp Ocrpoaeucxoro noJKa [o.'lKoBHrrK'M. A. paficxuii sorrqecxofi KoB_oAcrBo

coo6qa;r no KoMaHAe: (nonx TBep,{ofi 6oesofi crrrH Tenepb B cyulHocTn He npeAcTaBnseT lr qTo npr{ HHHeruHeM

ero cocroqHHll 3a

Ao6pocoBecruoe BHnoJrHeH[e nu 6onopyrrHrbcq He Mory>. Oruaxo I paropre Ko:1"I ",unlo_ MaHAHpa zb-ro reuepala Edloroga -apMeiictoro xopnyca or 14 nrcsR l9l7 r. orMeqaJrocr,, qro unorrr B orruqnoM cocroflHr.lt. CroHu 6oApulr, Mo.rroAeqxxM BuAor,ir ttonK npo_ r.r3Ben orJrltrtHoe BneqarJreHue... JIp6o 6u,ro cuorpetr ua ao6n^ecrnbrx_ ocrponenucB> (UfBhA CCCP. O. 237b.

9n. 2. A. ts1. trr.'sz o6.; @. 2i2b. on. r.

n-.-a-oz.

Jr.

i6ii.

Kpaatc, KaK Mbt yBHAnu no3xe, lracrynltJr B pe3ynbrare flpoBana HtonbcKoro DacryflreHtt, n ycnerunord KoHTpHa-

cTynneHHff npoTilBHHKa.

rcrc rofiuy_npo_cry)xrrn so 2-il 6arapee B-ft __ - i_l:lgp" aprn"raepnfi cxofi 6pnraau 3_fi rpenaiepcxofi :?.:1.11:.p.[or JInBH3rrH. b onucbtBaeMoe Bpeilq 6pnraAa BxoAHJra B coc-

ras 25-ro

apueficxoro ropnyca d.;;;n upil" ey"Jna saren loro-3anaaHoro $ponra. Apxnnnurfr'6oHa 6pnra.1ur coxpaHn.rcn (U|BHA CCCP. O. aOZS On. tIZf

cKono,

5 EPyCIIJIOB A.rrexcefi Anerceenx,t {lgb3_1g26) _ fe^lgpa{-or xaBarcpnu, BerepaH pyccxo-Tirpeqxofi softHu 1877-1878 rr. C Hiqa.la llcirnor'l ri,,ponofi""oi*u *orun-

Aosa,r 8-fi apurrefi,

ac

$enpa,trr

tdl6 r. cra,r f{asHo-

KoruaHAyrcquv IOro-3ana,[Hoio $ponra, noficxa Koropo-

no B

Mae-aBrycre ocyruecrBgnri sHal{egurHft flpoprlB aBcrpo-repMaHcxoro^ep-oHTa, ga3BaHHhrfi no cnpase.{,r!rBocru ero HMeHelr. C 22 uas, no lg snas l9l7 i._Bepyoyguri f.naauoxonauAyrolqnfi, sareM coBerHxx npr BpLuenuorr{ npaBu?erbcrBe. B uae lg20 r. Bo3rJraBHJr Ocotioe coBeulaHHe npu _ f,ranuoroMaH.(yloueM BceMrr BoopyxeHlrr,rMH cuiraMH Coaercxofi pecny6;ruxu, Koropoe ritiparn_ Jlocb c Bo33BaHHeM K 6HB!!HM oQaueparvr c nfrnausou .qo-

6poro,rrxo Bcrynarb B PKKA

rnn saulurH'poaunu

or

no.:rbcxHx HHTepBeuroB. B Aa,rurefiureM _ Ira BoeHllo_HHcnexuuoHuofi n BoegHo.neAarornqecrofi Da6ore.

t03


6 PACIyTHH (Horux) fpnropnfi ESxuonl'l (1872-1916) H3 KpecrbsH To6o"rrcroii ry6epnuu, Qa'

- cer,ru (eonpoc o crerleHn efo BnuflHHn Ha H I.rMneparpuuy 4acxyccloHeu) . V6Hiicrso PacuyrnHa l7 aexa6pa 1916 r. HaiuJ'Io ruupoKuft otxuttlx B pa3JIHqHbIx Kpyrax o6ulecrsa, oco6enno KaApoBoil qro BopHT qapcKofi

ur,aneparopa

oH cBolrMH AeI{oQHqepcrne, cflpaBeAnuBo cqHTaBIueM, cTBr.rqMH KOMnpOMernpycr pyccKylo rocyAapcrBeHHocrb B pa3rap olKecroqesHoli sofiHbl.

? nPoTononoB

ArexcauAp ,II,uxrpnenuu cr.riu6upcxHfi noueulnx, oxrn6pucr, aenyrat III u IV focyaapcrBeHHux AyM. C -16 cenrx6pa 1016 r. NrHHHcrp BHyrpeHHIIx AeJ'l, nocreAHltfr a nunepa' ropct<ofi Poccuu. lloiaiee pacrpenflH no npunoeopy BHK. s Pcqr uAer o co6Hrfiqx <Dcupallcxofi peBonloqfis'

(1866-1918)

Haqa,ro Koropbrtt 6u,ro noao;lieHo MaccoBbIMn BbIcryrIJIeHr.rflMH nerporpaAcKH\ pa6outtx 23 $enpa"u, nepepoclrll{llu x 25-ruy nir eceo6ulyro rronl{rfiqecKylo craqKy. 27 Qea-

pa!'It Ha cTopOHy PeBo!'ItOqfill cTaJII{ lepexOAI.ITb

COJIAaTbI

il.tpo.paacx6ro- ripuuaoua, 6u;r o6p-aaonan BpeuenHstii

lioll}tret CoBera pa6outlx AenyraroB

ucno,rsnre;rrsr,lii

fi

Bpenaennsrfi I(oMltrer f ocy.{apcrae:i!rofi .u'ytrttl.

o6 orpeueultn HHrioraq II or

e Mana$ecr

npe^cro'ra

no.cnucil e ilcxoBe s 3 qaca 4ua 2 lrapra l9l7 r. Eno rexcr rJIacIl,'I: <B ault BenIlKoft 6ops6u c BHe[IHl'1M BDaroM, crpeMflIrltl\lcn noqrll rpll ro4a nopa6ornTr' Hatrry pbrrttny. f<icno.ly Eory yro4H-o- 6u,ro sncnoclat' Poccllrt 6r,r.,r

Hoesre

rqxKltc

BoirHeHHn

HcnblraHuq, Haqasuttecn BHyrpu Hapoaa 6ercrBcHHo orpa3llrbcn Ha.aaJbHeHIrIeM

rpoatr

yn'opHofi sofiHu. Cyas6a Poccult, LIecrl fepofi""i."n, cxoii naureft'Aprrtllrt, 6;raro uapoaa' nce 6yAyruee 'l'oPororo Ha[Iero Oicqecrsa rpe6yror roBea-er-lnn Boii.HbI Bo qro 6ur

ro

Htt crar'to Ao no6eAHoro xouua. Xccrol(Hfi Bpar Ha' n yiKe 6,ruaor qac, KOf'qa AO-

npgr rlocre[Ht.te ycH.l]Ifl,

6,recrHaq apM!tt Halra coBrlecrHo

coro3HIlKaMI{

c

c.llaBHbIMlI Haulllllll

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B Il(H3HI'l Poccrttl coqflll MbI aoJlro[{ cogecrrr o6.nerqsrb Hapoay Ha[eMy rccuoe eAuHeHHe t-l cfl.lloqeHr{e Bcex cHr HapoAI{bl\ :1"1fl cKoPetiruero AoctuxeHtrq no6eAu LI B cotflacllq c focylapcrnenuori Ayt'loii npl'r3Ha' Dcrrr-rrer'rbHble AHH

"rru MH

3a 6.laro orpc'tuc" oi npcctola focyAapcrna Poc-

tt cJtoi't(HTb c ce6n sepxoBHylo B'lacrb' He xe,raq paccrarbcq c ;ro6str'tr'tlvl cbluol\l Hattlull ]\tn nepeAaau Hac;reAue rraure 6pary HaueMy Beauxo'lty KHqero'MHxau,ry A,rercauApoBlitly tt 6.laroc'noeaqeM elo Ha BcrynneHIIe ua rlpecro.l focy-lapcrna Poccuficroro' 3acoeeryeru 6pary Haurcuy npaBHrb Ae.llaMH rocyAapcr' BCHHIJMiI B no.ilHolt H liepa3Ae.lIHMOlr eAUHeHUH C npeacTaB''!TeItlIll HapoAa B 3aI{OHOAar€r'lbIIHX yqpeXAeHHtlx rra rex Haqa;Iax, Koropble 6yayr ul'lu ycraHoBJ'IeHbI' npunpucqny Bo IIN{q ropqqo -fllolrccq '6;;;;tB TOlr HeHapyuurlylo ' Po,runsr. hp"tonato Bcex cbrHoB aepuux oreqccTBa K IICnoJrHeHI.lro cBoelo cBqToro Aonna nepeA Hltrl noBT.IHOBeHUCM Uapl'o B Tflx{enylo rlullyTy BccHapoAHblx ucnurasuil ri floMoqb eilry BMecre c [peAcraBuTeirqMn Ha-

clrfict<oro

104


poiqa BbrBecrr.r rocyAapcrBo PoccuficKoe Ha nyrb no6eabr, 6naroAeHcTBHfl

r.r cJ'IaBbI.

,[a nouoxer focnoar Eor

Poccu[.

floanuca,r: Huro;laft>.

B MaHuQecre BelrnKoro xuqgs Muxau,ra A,nercasApoBaqa, noAnucaHHon 3 uapra n flerporpa,qe, noAqepKnBaJ'racb oco6afl ponb 6ya,yurero Vupe,&Hre'ruuoro co6paHnff B

rocyAapcrBeHHofi snacra g Hapo.rl,oM Mbrcnblo, qro Bbrue Bcero 6.naro po.qruu Haruefi, npr-rHrJr r rBepAoe peueH:{e B ToM Jrr.rrub cnyqae BocnpHfiflTb BepxoBHylo Br'tacTb, er.{rr raKoBa 6yAer eo,rx Be.'rnKoro HapoAa Halueto, KoonpeAeJ'reHI.rH

Qopult

co scelr

Pocclll:

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TOpOMy

!Z HaAne)KUT BCeHapO;lHtrM

TOJTOCOBaHHeM qepe3

rtpeacraBHre,{efi cgoux s Vupe4are,nr,Hoe co6paHHe ycraHoBrlrb o6paa npaa,reHnrr H HoBbre ocnoBHbre 3aKoHbI focyAapcrBa PoccNicxoro. flplrsuaan 6raroc.lonesue Eo)Krie, flpouy Bcex rpa)KAaH Aepx(aBbr Poccuficrori no4-

quHrrrbcfl BpeMeHHoMy npaBr.rrerbcrBy, no nounuy focyAapcrBeHHofi .II,yvu eoaur.rxrueMy r.r o6,reqeHHoMy Bceft no,rnorofi B,'racru B[peAb Ao roto I{aK co3BaHHoe B Bo3-

r\roxrio Kparqaiiurrii cpor< Ha ocHoBe nceo6qero, nprMoro, paBHoro u rafinoro ro.locoBauarr Vupe4ure,rluoe co6panlre, cBoaM peureHqc:.r

pa3HT Bo.'rrc HapOAa.

o6

o6pase npaB,'resrrq

flornsca.l:

Bbr-

Msxalr.lr>.

t0 CMIIPHOB (Cmnpnor-Vrpouoe) Burrop Alex-Cs.

ceeanu (1884-?)

KaBanep opAeua Ie- uro.tKoBHr.rK, oprun 4-fi creneHrr feopruercxoro opyxua. <<Xaparrepa roptqero, Ho cAep;liaHHoro. O.reHt HeucgpeHeg H 3ar{cKHBarou{e AepxiHT ce6q c HyxghrM:t Jrro.[b]\.rfi. MeA,rnTCneH, a noroMy He cpa3y flpHHr{Maer AonxHoe peureHfie.

B

6oeeofi o6craHosxe HecKoJrbKo npevBeJrnrrHBadr co6u-

rux. Crpe,rn6ofi pyxonoaar xoporuo>l-l orMeqar'rocb B ero crryxe6Hoft arrecrau!.lu (U|BHA CCCP. O. 2158. On. 2.

n. r97. JI. 97). .. _^'] lttlltaHJl | (Mrxar,r (1596-1645)

6pan

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ra

-

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poruanon)

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l.rs-

npecroJr 3eucxl.ru co6oporra 1613 r. B Trxerylo PoccrrH roAHHy Cuyrxoro BpeMeHH nocne rpexJrer-

Hero npaBneanr 6oap. Boqapeuxe Mnxaa,ra o6terragso BO MHOTOM CnOCO6CTBOBa,'ro KOHCOJIBAaUHH HaI{tOHaJbHbrx cg.rr fi nocreneHHoMy Bo3poxAeusn PoccnficKoro ro9)_{1Pcr9?: _ Be.rnrufi KHfl3b Muxan.n A.nercas,[poauq (1878-1918), poAHofi 6par auneparopa Fluro,raa II,6u,r npflMbrM noroMKoM Mnxau,na <DeAopoanua B AeBflToM KOJICHE.

t2 2J 6ezpats, l9l7 r. 6u.ro o6bflB,.reHo o6 o6pasoaaarl flerporpa.IcKoro conera pa6ounx aenyraron (Qar-

ero Hcno.rrKoMa) Bo rnaBe c ,'tH,(eDoM MeHblrre_ sacrcxofi QpaxuHn focyaapcrncHHofi AyMbl H. C. gxe-

TIlqecKH

HA3e. It qHCJTO tO qJleHOB HCflO"rKOMa BOurnH, B ocHoB_ HoM, 3cepbr H MeHbrueBnKH, a raKxe gta 6o,rrureura _

A. f.

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r05


KoM 6uno H36pano l0 npe4cranure.nefi or corAar il MaraKrrM o6pasoru o6pasoaa;rca flerporpaacrufr Coaer -pa6our'rx H corrAarcKux .q,efiyraroB. 2 rraapra flerpocoBer o4o6pu.lr peueHlie ucilonr(oMa o npeAocraBJreHfirr npaaa QopruupoBaHnfl [paBuTenbcrBa BpeMeuHoMy KoMr{-

rpocoB

rery

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I uapra 1917 r.6sr.n nprruar sHaueunrnft flpuN! I flerpoconera no flerporpaAcKoMy rapHr.r3ony,

13

xas

Ho Ha npaKTr.rrc uueeruuft ecepoccuiiclroe 3naqeuue. B coorBeTcTBr.lH c HHM y3aKOHUBaJIHCb CaMOq[HHO BO3HHI{aBIlrne B apMHH COJiiarCKHe KOMnTCTbI, HIIX(HHe qHHbI HaAeJrrJrHcb rpaxAaHcKnMr{ npaBaMfi, craBn,'rHcb B paBHoe

c

oor.rqeparru no"roxeHr.re aue c.nyxr6u N crpoa. I(polre Toro orMeHsJrocb BcraBaHlle no Qponr H orAaHlre qecrx nve c,ryx6r'r, a raK)I(e ruTynoBarlue oQuqepoe.

r4

IAJIbCTEP (ap;r-Jlroquan (leoprnfi A.rIercaHr. p.) ura6c-KanuraH, KaBanep rrrll

4posuu) (1895

aBTopa no Koucraurlznoe6oes;rx opAeHoB, oAHoKaIuHHK

cKoMy aprun,'repuiicrouy yquJlHuly

l9l7 r. B xoAe nu6opoe

n flerep6ypre. B

.(e'

KoMaHAHoro cocraBa 6puiaAsr 6u.r u:6paH KoMaH.(Hpo^t 3-fi 6arapeu, no cBenpo)KItBaJI g Klteee. .u.euunu ' !5 Ha lrloHb 1918 r. noqeMy n 3-fr rpeua4epcroil apTpyAHo cKa3arb,

xa6pe

run,repuficxoii 6puraae Bo BpeMt llepeMonlrtl npacnrlt orcyrcrBoBanr{ Kpecr lI eBaHfe,,'lfie - cooTBerc?Byloxlux cqer HHI(aKIlx IJe pacficpsxelltrit xolralrAosaHllg Ha gTor '6H.'ro.^

Texcr npltut-tuacltofi trpltctrll r,lacHJI:

<<l(,lruyci,

r{ecrbro oSraqepa (co;rAara u ipax4atruua) n o6eulalocs nepea Eoron LI cBoep coBecrblo 6url repHr,Iu u HeIl3,rtaenno npeAausnlr Poccllficrorvry focyAapcrBy KaK cBoeuy Orevbcrny. I(,rrnnyct cnyxurb eMy Ao ltocneAueft Ka[Jrr{ KpoBIt, BceMepHo cfloco6_crByg cJIaBe lr npoqBeraHHIo Poccliircroro focyaapctna. O6nsyrocr noBl'IuoBarbcfi EpeMeHHoMy fipaBlirenbcrBy, HbIHe Bo3tJlaBntloueMy -Poccuficxoc locyAapcrno, BrIpeAb Ao ycraHoBJIeflufl oopa3a IIpaBJreHnfl BoJIelo Hapoaa npll flocpeAcrBe yqpeAuTe,'l-bHbro Co6panus. Bos.,roxeunnil na MeHq ,4orr clyx6u 6yay euno;rHtrl c nolHblM HanpqxeHIzeM cIIJI' uMetr B nirvsrc,nax IrcKnoqHTe,JIbHo uurepec focyAapcrra u ae

rrlaAfl xc.r3HIl pa4u 6.nara Oreqecrea. I(.nauycs

ltoBI.{Ho-

BaTbCfl BCeM IOCTaHOBJ'IeHHbIM HaAO MHOIO HaqaIbHI.lKaM' qrrHfl rrM no,'IHOe nocnylxaHue Bo BCeX Cnyqatx' KOIAa

Mofi Ao"'tr (oQuqepa, coJlAara' rpaxAaHuero norpe6yer -Oreqecrsola. Klnuycs 6url qecr.sutrl, 4o6pona) nepe.l coBecrHHM, xpa6purrt oonqepolt (conAaroM): He Hapyuiars csoefi x.nsrbu us-sa xopucrn, poAcrBa, Apy>K6LLI

B sax,lloqeHttn Aaguofi MHoto KJItTBbI oceHgK) cb6n xpecrnnrM 3naMeHeil u Hl.Ixeno.(nncblBarccb>. (no,4qcpr{Hyro lrHoo ' r6'B r. JIyuxe - B. 6.). Bo,rsrncroft ry6epufin pacnoraranctt rura6 Oco6oft apMltn. . !7 Becama Cxoanyrc KaprI{Hy poccr'rficxofi cronl.Iubl roro .BpeMeHa pl{cyer Z. A. EyHuy- g <OKaRHHblx AHqx): <<Floc.neAurfi ias a 6rr,r B nerep6ypre B HaqaJIe nnp-er'Iil Bpaxabl.

17 roaa.. B ruupe ror.&a yxe npolr3qluno .ueuro ueroo-6pagHtrloe: 6pourena 6rr,na na uo;tuufi .npou3Bon cyAl6u r06


rr He r(orAa-Hr.r6yAb, a BO BpcMrt Be,'Ifiqaftueft MHpOBOfr BeJ'luqafiuat Ha 3eM.1e crpaHa... HescKlrfi 6Hr BofiHbr - cepoft rornofi, co.lgaruefi B [InHe"ltx BHaKHA3aronren xy, nepa6orarculuMr pa6oqtrr{u, ry.narculeti npuc.nyrofi n BCttKHIltH flpblnaMl'I, TOI)TOBaBIUIIMII C JOTI(OB H IIanHpOCaMH, u KpacHbIua 6aHrarrllt, u noxa6nultlr Kapror{KaMH, l.t cJracTflMr.r, r{ BceM, qcfo flpocarur. r\ sa rporyapax 6un cop, ue,'ryxa noAco,rHyxoB, a Ila uocroBoii .re)Kal Heno:Huri neg, 6n;ru rop6rr rr yxa6sr> (.II,ayrana. -L989. Nb 4. C.8l). ta .[l([flHOB Fprropurl lpuroplewu (1894 r. p.) npaflopntrlr, BnocrelcrBxlt (srecr rr Aa.rlee 25 ox- ao opAeHa rn6pn l9l7 r.)noanopyuuK, l.r3 ilreulaH; KaBanep Cg. Auuu 4-li creneHrr c HaAnucbro <3a xpa6pocm>. BxoAll.rr no3Auee B cocraB 6puna4uoro xournera, s'Aexa6pe l9l7 r. B peaynbrarc nu6opoa KoMaarHoro cocraBa 6sr.n ns6pau Koivrau,[,Hpoi\r 2-fi 6arapen. B rrrcse l9l8 r. npo)KuBan

s

MocKse.

'e OyKC flxoe A.rru6eproBuq - ,rua,'trurrrl $efiepI{3 BO,'rblroonpc.nerqrculrrxct, BflocJeAcTBr.ru rlpattopxlnK. BxoAurr n no nropoii coc'ran 6araperlHoro xoMurera, ue6paHuufi s rrac 19l7 r., B . eKa6pe us6pau B3BoAHrIM KoMaHAnpord 2-fi 6arapet. B rrrouc l918 r. BepKep

rri)o)(rrBan '?o

s

MocKne.

nPO3OPOBCKl,|n Jleonn4

feopruern.r

Ka-

raH, 6r,reruuil NouaHllip 2-ro napxa 3-ri rpeua4epcrofi napxoeoii 6pnragr,l; npn6u"r n 6arapero 8 lrapra l9l7 r. Os rax n ocraBaJicl KoMaHAyrolurrM 6arapeefi (ro ecrr He 6u;t yrBepxAeH B ao.q;tiHocrrr rolraHqupa) Bnnorb ,qo nu

26 orra6pn l9l7 r.. <<no

n:or,qa

cocrotHHro 3/rtopoBr,r>

ua,Icr.

y6u,r

n

n ornl'cr,

H3 Koroporo

6pr.rraay 6o.lcc nc Bo3Bpa-

Anrop qBrfl,tcff craprxltrlr oQirqepor.r 6araper, no ycraBy BecbMa runpoxnfi rpyr o6naannocreii, npuxo,4r.l.loct cly HepeIXo rr BpeMcHHo KoMaHIozarr 6arapeefi. OH rro,rbsoBaJol B orrucbrBaeMoe BpeMq 2r

HMeBrrrlrM

rrccoMHeHHbrM aBTopHTcTotr

cpeAfi Hr.i)KHilx rltrHoB,

o

qeM

roBopur ero us6pauue g lrae 1917 f. roBapuuleM npelceaarerr 6arapeiruoro Kor{Hrera. Kpoue roro ou 6u,r

ns6pan qneuoM Epuraguoro cyAa,

paccitarpHBaB[rero n xoHQ;rnxrrt

pa3rrrrIHble Allcqt.tlr.n14HapHbIe npocrynlin MCTKIy HaqanbHHKaMH H riOAqHHeHHbIMI.t.

22 neno noAnpaflopruuKa lluxar!.la MctecAeea pac-

ci\rarpnBaJrocb 6puralxsrr.r KoMr.rreroM 30 airpc.ra 1917 r., nprrHrrBllrr-rM perxeHHc oTcTparrHTb cfo oT Io,rIlKHocTr r.I

npoH3BecTr.r Io3HaHue, TaK KaK oH <<no cBoliM HpaBcTBEHHbIM KAqECTBAM HC MOXET 3AHIIITSTb AO.;I}I{HOCTb Qe;rr4tpe6e.rr>. BpclreHuo KoMaH;toBaBttrnrl 5pr;ra1ofi nolKoBH'1K K. H. lpuueB yrBepAHJ oTcrpaF:et{iic <rlo 60-

Jre3IIn>, pacnopqAHBlxHcb npoBecrl.r Jr,o3Harlic rura6c-xa'

nnraHy B. C. Kapa6yry. B urcHc l9l7 r. .l.lcrecAes 6brr

B KoMaHAHpoBXy no xogRricrncsrioir naAo6r{ocrH, B aBrycre ero ae,ro 6u;ro rosspalqeuo n 6pnra4nufi cyA, Ho ltHKaKofo IIoBofo peulcHrrq npltr{rro ne 6u-

ornpaBJreH

t07


.19 -(lIfBHA CCCP. o. 3675. On. I. A. 2. Jr. E, 97-97 o6.). 23 _C saqa,ra Mupoeoft nofiuu oQuqepcxufi Kopnyc pyccr<ofr apMrrfi 3a crrer norepb cr\{eHr.rJrcrr na 7/81 B nexorHblx qacrflx cveHrrr'rocb or 300 ao 5000/o o$uuepos, s KaBar'repulr tr aprunriepurr * or l5 ao 400/0. e4 1l Maq l9l7 r. 6prlra4nsrfi Korrtrrer npuHqJ-r nocraHoB,'IeHuc: <,Bcex co;rrlat, noqBnqloxluxcfi Ha Iro3Illnrr 6arapefi c npocl6oii u,ra rpe6onaxueM rrpeKparurb oroHb, 3aACp;nHBaTb r.r rio BbrflcHeHuro ntrqHocTn nepeAaBaTb B rrorrKoBbre Kor,rrrrerbr> (tlfBI.lA CCCP. O. 3675. On. l.

E. 2. Jl. l0l o6). ,5 KEPEHCKUN (1881-1970)

uap'ra 1917 -r.-

A,rexcangp

<De4oposuu

npHcsxiHrrfi nonepeHHsrfi, rpyaorur< (c 3cep) , Aenyrar IV f ocy.4apcrBeHHoii

B nepnort cocraBc Bpe,veunoro npaBlrMr{rr}rcrp rocrulrnu B Mae-ceurq6pe 1917 r.soeHrrlrii r.r vropcxoil l,rHr{r.rcrp, c B rlo.ns eA- MI{Hr.{crp-nf c€Azrenb, a c 30 aBrycra eule n BepxoBubrri rr'raBHoK.naugyroulurt. B r<ouqe l9l7 repBoft nor'roBuHe l9l8 rr. - 3aTcllt B sMIrrpaqulr. IZMa H2 Itertctit,TtbHou IIo;toit{0HHu, AyMbr, Macon.

TeirbcrBa

I(epeucricro 6sr;c upeaeuuariHo HerronynqpHo cpe,{u 3Haqure,rtHofi rlacrlr r(cr{aHAHoro cocraBa apMLtH, oco6eHHo

l'lrienuo HeHaBacrb x I(epeHc;<ornry 6lr.na ociloBHoii npfiqtiHoii noLrortln, oxasaHHoii CoBCTCKCMy IrpaBHTenbCTBy t''lHorfiMII oQll{epar{Ir B,'II'{KBI{,(aqr{rr KoHrppeBoa'rIoIl.loHHofo ilIt{re]Ka I(epencxoro-l(paco0t.tt1epoB-QpoHroB]rlicB.

l9l7 t. '6 TPyBKI'|H llna*r - prAoBofi; oceHblo 1917 r. BOrxeJ'r B cocraB 6pIifaAHOfo KOMttrera oT 2-it 6arapet' 6ua AeJlerripoBatt B AI.lBH3HoHIIufr KoMI-Irer. 4 lexa6pn I 9l 7 r. 6puiaaHlrft KCltt.{rer BbtHec <<nopilIIaHHe> Tpy6rruHy, xoropufi sse,r B 3a6,'lyiliAeuue cBollx ronapnrrleti, riHcnHpupoBaB 3arB;eHHe sa 120 rloAn]Icfl]11{ c Heo6ocHoBanHbrMH o6eaHeHliqMI.I oQu{epoB 6puralu <<B KoHTppeBoJrIoquoHHocrlt> II rpe6oraaualuu orcrpaHeHHr Hx or -CCCP. O. 3675. On. 1. A. 2. aor*"o"t,t (U|BH.A HoBa B noa6pe

,rr. 37-38).

,? MOTbIUKIIH fioorrf Tomaurenuq (1891 r. p.) -' pqAoBofi, 6oru6ap.lltp-uaBoAqHK. BnocreAcrsHIa BoIre,"I B iocraa 6puraAHofo KoMlrera, 23 ceHrl6pt 1917 r. 6u"r KOMalrAr.rpoBaH lra AByxHeAe,'IbHbIe Kypcbl IIo floAroroBKe r.rncrpyKropoB

K

BbI60pal,{

B

yqpeAHTerbHoe co6paHIIe.

,8 KAPETHH A.rexcefi Huxauoponur (1874 r. p.) [oJ'lKoBHuK; c,'ryxrlJl n 6prlraae c l2 urc,rq 18€5 r', a 3-fi 6arapcer? rbMaHAoean c 18 urc,rq 1914 r. Br,r,r uanpa)KAeH ceMbIO opAeHallll' B TOM rJl.lC,Ie Uerr'IprUa 6OeopAeH Cn. leoprun 4-fi creneHx. <Xapax"nrouar MqroK. Oueul 4oaepqlIB K rrQAql{HeH"'r*rr, reDa cnoroiisoro, Hrira. .l,eiicrnyer s 6oe peuurerbHo, xopouo pas6Npaerca e o6craHoere>,- nonopli,rocb B ero c,ryNe6nofi arrecra-

o Ha3HaqeHiIH Kapetnsa KoMaHAI'Ipoll 4 n'rapta l9l7 r., 3areM oH notunrr"ponan i craBKy <<no AeJIaM cnyx6bl>; 29

wru. XoaaraficrBo

6u.no ornpaa,leso AaBa3rlolra '6"n 108


uroHr orr 6Ha Hasga,teH AHBIiSItoHHblM rorraauAupou 53-fi aorn.n,repuficxorl 6puna4u, a 3arelll KoMaHAHpoM Tqt<ero-

ro aHsuinoHa Knescxofi oQtuepcxoii aprr"r.nepuftcxofi urxo.nu. flo .{,aunbrM na 18 urcuq 1918 r. npoxuBan a ApxaureJrbcKe. Tor Qaxr, uro I(apernu J'tl{1ilfi''tctl yBaxennfl o0lruepos 6pHraAbI, noATBepil(Aaercff noMerKofi serepana 6pirraasr ltor'TKoBHLIKa A. M. Befic6axa Ha cocraBJIeHHoM

rii,l n Mocxse B uroHe 1918

r.

fipe,qnonaraeMoM cttllcKe

oQuuepoB, npeAHa3HaqeHublx AJlt npnrnaueHllt ua cQoprtrupouaulre 6pura,qu .q.nn KpacHoii Aplruu: <<Bnoaue xe-

4,ri cnyx6u n ,fipyrofi 6pnraAe> (Uf BI']A n. 197. .II. 93; @. 3675. On. 2.

naie,'teu

CCCP. O. 2158. On. 2. A. 447. rI. 4).

IUyBAJIHKOB B,nanumilp BacrflbeBHq - ura6c' Ko' 6ul oSuqua,rbHo yrBep)KAeH B Ao,'IxHocrt'I MaHAHpa 6arapeu rurur 17 orrn6pa 1917 r. BxoAsn s cocraB Ai.rBz3lroHHoro KoMI.rrera or 6puraAu. He 6ua 2'g

KarraraH;

ris6pau Ha KoMaHAHyro Ao,'lxHocrb

n gera6pe

c.RHBapr 1918 r. HaxoAti,'lcfl B ornycKe

1917

r.

a

<<no 6o,tesuu>;

l9lB r. npo)KltBar n Pocrone-fpocJIaBcKoM, lrrcsrcxoM HacrvnreHl.rr pvccKoli apMI.IH ocrloRHyro ponb AoJrlKHbI 6u,rlt"curparr'soricxa Kiro-3anaAsoB

anpeJie 30

B

n6 Qionra noA

(saren-JI. l.

KoManAoeauuii,.{ reHepaJla

A. E. fyropa

Kopnu;rona), nacrynas. cutarqu

ll-fi

r4

7-fi apunfi B HarrpaBJIeHI.rN Ha ,Illsos, a 8-ft apruuil-ua Ka.rryur n Eo,rexos. Bolicxa CenepHoro, Pyltuttcxoro u 3arraAnoro QpoHron ocyu{ecrB"'rfl ,'rl BcrroMorarenbHble yAapbl. Hacryu,reHue tl-it u 7-ft apunfi, uauanureecs 18-19 urcug ycflexa He HMeJro ]t x 20 fironq 6uno nperpauleHo. Hacryn,'reHue 8-fi apuua .II. f. I(opur.r,rora 6u,ro ycneruHbrM I.I npr.iBeJ'ro K 3aHrrrllo Crauric,rana, fa,rnqa u Ka,'ryrxa, BbrxoAy ua p. .Ilovuuqa. llorepu Bo Bcex rpex apMirrx oT STOrO HacTynJ'reHHg K KOHTIy rrIOHrr cocTaBI.rJIr-I 1222 otuaepa u 37500 co,lAar, ro ecrb 140/s ecero ,'rnvHO|O COCTaBa. 31 Oco6ar

apur.rR Aonxga 6H,ra cxosat Aeficrsus [porr.rBHriKa I-i He Aonycrr.irb nepe6poct<lt efo cHfl Ha Jlueoecxoe HanpaBJ'reHl:e. 32 B saqare unus, 2-g, 6arapea 3-ri rpeuaaepcxoii

aprn,r"repuricxofi 6puraasr o6crpe.nanara ltporllBHuKa xuMr.rqecKilMri cHaprAaMr.r n pafione A. lIIenbBoB. Kax orMeqar-rocb B xypHaJ're BoeHHbrx,u,eficreHft, l0 nroHs 6arapeu I AHBlr3HoHa npa6r,I;ra s c. 6e,'Iocror, rAe pacno-

rro KBaprrtpaM H IraxoAI-rJIHcb ao lB lrrcnq. B noqs sa 19 tzroHfl fleperrr!'Iu B JIee n craJII{ 6unarorra, 22-23-ro nelu o6crpe,r a3pon,'IaHoB nporl{BHllKa, a 3areM pacrro!'rara,'rncb B MecreqKe Mrixafiaotxa, 4epeeuar Kypcuua-Cepeauue u ,rIes.yxone. (l-ifBI'lA CCCP. O. 3675. On.2. [.364. .rl. 1-l o6.).

r'ro)Kr.r!'rr.rcb

33

3

nrc.nq

2-t

6arapea BbtcryIIItJIa na .Ile,4yxoea

nepelrra B Aep. lloA.nunxu, rAe croaJla 6HeaxoM

N

Ao

>r<e. ,4. 370. JI. i). Peqt r.raer o 6-fi rpenaAepcxoir AuBI.r3IrH, BKJIToqasurefi 21-fi rpeuaaepcrufi Pyrralnqescxltii, 22-n rpeua-

6 Hn,rq (Tau 3a

Aepcxnfi Cynopoacxafi, 607-fi nexornHfi M,rHnoscr<Hfi u 608-fi nexornr,Ifr O,ruxcxuft no,rxll.

109


4 nronr l9l7 r. ronfloii

3s

uan,4yroqaft

22-u

con,(ar 6u;r v6sr xo-

rpeHaAepcKuM Cynoponcrxru noJlKqM rroAnoJrKoBHHK Purr<oa, yroBapnBaBrunfi no;rx xAru xa no-

3t{u}Ito.

r0 9-fi ,rpeuaAepcxurt CN6upcxirfi, lO-fi rpeuaaepcrnfi Maropoccuficxnfi, l.l-fi rpeHaaepcrnfi <DaHarbptftcxxfi n I 2-fi rpeuaaepcxr.rri Acrpaxascrnfi no.nxr.l. 37 B xypua.rre BoeHHbrx Aeficreui Vnpaeaennn 6pnraAbr orMeqaercq, r{To apru.n.repnficxr.rfi oroHr nporIlBHr{Ka Haqa!'rcfl n 2 ,.taca Hour.r (I{|BHA CCCP. <D. 3675. On. 2.

JI. l). A. 355. 38 B urra6e apMulr flpuxa3 tlArn Ha noMorqb 6-fi

rpeHa.aepcxoii Ar{Br.r3Hfi 5-ro Cra6apcroro Kopnyca 6u,r noayqes B 9 qacoe yrpa, a s 12.30 6arapeu Bbrcrynhrr.r B noxo.q,. l-fi Ar.rBr{3HoH (l-a,2-n n 3-x 6arapeu) no,ryuu;lea-

raqy coxpaHqrb nepenpaBy y A. ParbrHaqe, 9ucrona,4n u 3a,roNHue, a 2-fi Ar.rBH3uoH-y A. floA6epexuqe u Ko.lryusr. 3e a0

Aep. IloA.nunxu. 9-fi Cr6npcrafi rpeHa4epcrufi norx.

ar Peqr uAer

o 46-li

nexorHofi ,4ueugrrlr

xorHoM ocrpo;reucrou no.nxy. a2 Bor xar onllcbrBarcTcff

u

l8l-rr.r

ne-

gril co6Httq B )Kypuane BoeHnbrx Aeficrenfi 6arapeu: <B 18 q. 6arapen noA orneM IrporrrBHHKa Bcrara Ha no3rlufiro-K ceBepy or fae aa PyAoM, Br,IAeJIllB BnepeA .qnfi oOcrpe"'Ia nepenpaB

c

83BoA'

cBfi3aBurrrcb noAxoArulrrM K lroMy BpeMeHu Ca6upcxuru noJrKoM r.{ BbrcnaB asyx ooHu,epoB nepeAoBblx Ha6nIoAe-

riuft, 6arapea orKpbr,ra ofoHb no flepenpaBaM Y a. 3aa raxx<e no r. 9ucrona,rlH u LsuqKa. KaK 6a-

,'roxr{bl,

raDefiutte, TaK u orrenbuHfi s3aoA BeJIH oroHb troA orneil npotnnunra. flepeAonuu na 6,rpAareJltM nPI.{xoAItJIocb KoppeKTnpoBarb oronb r{3 Ha[IIix nexorHblx uenefi. flpo' TrrBHr{Ky He y.qa,'rocb nepefipaBl.rrbct Ha neBblfi trep_er p. Ceper> (UfBI,IA CCCP. O. 3675. On. 2. L. 370.11.21. a3 3ru pa6oru 8- ilutorlq conpoBoxAa.[Hcb uuu o6crpenolr noeauufi (Tau xe. JI. 3).

ll Vxe B

B3auM-

aenb cBoero Ha3HaI{eHHt fnasHoxouag-

AyrournM IOno-3anaAnstra QpoHtora JI. l. KopHtrJIoB ornpann;r TenerpaMMy KOMaHAyIOIIIHM KOpnyCOB u apUUfi: <Camogo.nr,nuii yxoA qacrefi t cqHTaIo paBHocHJIbHtilM c L3MeHofi Il npeAareJtbcrBoM, nogToMy KareropurlecKlr rpe6ylo, uro6u Bce crpoeBble HaqaJIbHIiKH B TaKIix cnyqatx, He xofle6,rqcr, npl.rMeHqrH npoTIIB IISMeHHHKOB OrOHb ny' JreMeroB r.r aprlr.rr,'repnu. Bcto orserc?BeHnocrb 3a xeprnu flpusrMaro sa ce6s, 6esAeiicrsue tl t<o"re6asue co cropo-

HH HaqarbHfiroa 6yay cqurarL' He]Icno,'tHeHHeM I{x cny' xe6soro .q,onra H 6yAy raxosux HeMeAJIeHHo orpellrarb

or

KoMaHAoBaHvs

9epes

v

[peAaBarb cyay.

rpu Anq JI. f.

xas, xoropuft, ToJIKoBaHue HOCTbIO:

B

8

nro.rrs

l9l7

r.>

I(opnx,roauM 6bI"'I noAnncaH ttpn-

yqHTHBaq rpaAItIlHoHHo ucKaxenuoe ero

nI{Teparype, geo6xoAtlt"to npnBecrl{ noJI'

<<flo,ryvus ,[oHeceHl{e KoMaHAapMa 1l o rou, qro coJI' AaTr,r BBepeHHofi eUy apMHH no3Bo.ln.nn ce6e npn ocTaB' ,rreHHH HaMr.t TapHono.nn rpa6urs l.tMyuecrBo, HacHJIo' Barb xeHu1HH r Aereft, y6unarr I{HpHbtx xurqtefi u rpyF

ll0


ApYra,

q

oTAan upIrKa3 paccTpenl{BaTb noAo6HtIx Hero'

airAe 6ee cyAa. Bo 9-ro cero HIoJIt

Moero npl{Ka3a Ant cero KoMaHAaMI.I pac'

ucno,nsenue Sroro

Ha3HaqenHbIMIr

crDersHo 14 noAleuon Ha Mecre coBePlxeHllfi ItMu npecryn.nexua. O6tgsrqs o6 arou apMIltM BBepeHHono MHe Sfonra, Ao6asrlo, rlro MHoio orAag np-llKa3 6es cyAa pac-

ifpe,rueam rex, Koropbte 6yayr rpa6urb, Hacl.lJloBarb H y6lraam KaK MLtpHbIx xnre,lefi, raK II cBolrx 6oeBblx coparurxon, u Bcex, KTo nocMeer He ucnoJlHflTb 6oegblx npllKa3oB B Te MHHyTLI' KorAa peuaerctt BOnp-oC CyUecTBoBaHlis Oreqectaa, cBo6oAbI H peBonrcunq. x He ocra' HOBITOCb HH nepeA qeM BO I{Mt CnaceHufl PoAuttu or ru-

6enu, npuuuttofi roropoft flBrqercf noAJIoe [oBeAeHue npeaare,refi, usr,reuHuKos Ir rpycoB. Hacroaulufi IpHKa3 nDorrecrb Bo Bcex porax H 6arapenx. feHepal Koptttl' ,rbe>. (tl|BHA CCCP. O. 2228. On. 2. L. 307.

il.222-223. a5 Peqr r{Aer o Aeficrstqx 6arapen 25-ro rraoprupHoro aprnnnepuftcr<oro AHBII3I.IoHa B_ ponre y 4. MItnbHo. B ny6,'rur<aunl-r <KfiescKofi Mblc,'tn> 5 anrycra 1917 n. ertt

co6Hrnq orHeceHbl r 14 nro'ns. a6 <He nplr3gaBatl HIlKoro H Hllqero' oHH B Teqegfie HecKoJtbKrrx Agefi trlaccaltlI 6poAn.nn tro orpecrIIr,IM AepeBHfiM, BopoBanI{, rpa6nau, HdcaroBllJIIl, nos6yxlan x ce6e crpanuoe o3JIo6reHHe KaK co cropoubl oxBaqeHlrblx aHapxlrqecKl.rMu HaCTpOeHlIfiMI.l COrAar, TaK I.l CO CTOpOHbr Mecrgblx n<utenetl> (Kuescraq MLIcJlb. 1917. 5 anr.). a7

KouasAuporrr 6pura4u 6u.n renepa.r-uafiop Ht{-

xonafi Banesr!.rHoBrrq Op,roacrufi (L872 Hne 6pma4u nor'Iftt.E,rto

r. p.).

oxolo 18 qacoB 15

Vnpae.re-

I'IIoJIfi I'I3 IIITa-

6a xopnyca <<flpLIKa3aHHe BbIAe.IrHrb 6arapeo ans ycMHpenua 46-fi AHBII3I.Iu. Ertra sHAereHa cBoAHat 6atapex uo I opyAuro or xaxAofi 6atapelr>. B xypua,re BoeI{HbIx ,4eficr:sfift I -ro ANsugEoHa noaqepKl'tBaerct, qro cBoAHafl 6arapea BbIAe,reHa 6u.la <<g rapare,lluufi orpxr aJIfl -vcrvlr.rpeHr{t rs6ynronanrueftcR nexoTHofr II.IBI{3I'IU> iurBza cccp. o. 3675. ou. 2. [. 355. JI. 3; A. 362.

il.4).a8

B cooteercrBulz c nopsAKoM craprul'lHcrBa crap.IUUM rrplr paBeHcTBe B qllHe ctiuTatcfl oQu{ep, KOTOphII'l 6o,'ree ArurelbHoe BpeMt npe6una,r B HacrotlqeM rIHHe, a ecJru t4 3Aecb 6uLro panencrBo B npeAHAylqeM tIilHe rr Ta(

.u,aJree.

4s

-

PAEHE llaser AAoJtftonul

nopyql.rK, Bnoc-

urra6c-xanatag; HHxeHep no- o6pasoeaullrc, trpu3Ban Ha Sponr ua 3anaca. B ceura6pe l9l7 r., KaK cneuHaJrHcr, 6u.n orxouanAl{poBaH B pac[oprxeHxe 3aBe.[vrcuero asrolr{o6HruHofi .{acrr!o Ceaepnoro $ponra, IIo cie,u.eunnrrl Ha l8 fitoHq l9l8 r. npo)KI'IBan n flpoc.nan.ne.

!'reAcrBr.ru

5q float<osgt x Bna.{uur'rp HsaHosuq Tonnlnn B l9l7 r. 6u,r xoruasAupou 29-ro ,I[,oncxoro Ka3ar{bero rorKa. B cepeAHue orrx6pl 1920 r. B pe3ynbrare peiiAa s-ii xanalepuitcxoft AHnHsHu Kpacublx tlo rbL'IaM BpoHf€r'I€B-

cKofr apMHH reHepa,'r-Mafiop Tonn,nnu 6Hr gaxsaqeH B n,'leH na cranuHr 6o.'riruoir Toxl,lax, a 3areM <sapy6;reu na 4o-

pofe> apfi Bo3Bpalqcltttu rpacttofi

KoHHl.rIrbI (cM.:

lll


ft^.^^8. pnV_n9e na lOxnorr.r $ponte (cenrr6pl-xor6pr !9?9 . ) C6opnux ,qoxyueHroi.' @pynsd. 1988. C. ld7, 145). 'st

29-it

u 33-fr .lloucr<orl

Ka3aqbu noJrKr{

,qouupcrnfi KoHHo-florpaHnqsufi nolx. 52

OcralrHas gacrb noJrKa

c II

u lb-fi

Cau-

urc,rq HaxoAHnacb

Ha

n03auHH Bo BpeMeHHoM uoAqt uettrdH KoMaHAvrou-(ero 6_fi Ouu,rnHAcxofi crpe.nr<oeoft I.t4BH3Htr renepa,r-uafiopa EpeAosa. OAHaxo Ha 17 rrn,rq B porax uo.rra xarnuo 6ri,ro

562 qeJ'roBeKa... 74. Jt. 33-34).

.'rr-rurr

L.

5?

I{noe

(tlfBHA

CCCP. O. 2TgE. On.

2.

co6urufi Aaer ra3era <KqeBcKafl qacos yrpa no pou1e 6u,ra _orKpbrra crpe,nl6a oqepeAqMn ua rircornx pasMbtrcrrb>

onucaHr{e

or 5 annycra l9l7 r.: <B l0

pbrBax. Crperr16a Beracb cdreAyroulr.iu o6pasorrl. floc;re flepBofi oqepeAr.r nay3a B 20 ruuuyr, norou cpa3y ABe oqepeAn u onrrb nay3a B 20 uuHyr, 3areM c ne6o.ntrunMrr nepepbrBar.{H eure AeBflTb oqepeAefi. flo cBeAeHr.tflM, flocrynnBur.rM no3AHec. : . : [ocrpo;ren] uu nocle nepaoft orre-

co6pat MfirHHr, Ho cneAyrcuas oqepeAb pa3roHana. floc,re rpertefi nonurru onlr xoreJru cr{pbrrbcr n 6o,rruroft Jrec, pacrroJroxennufi ro)KHee Aep. peArr nbrraJrucr,

ero

Mlr,rrno, Ho 6ri.'rn HeueA.neHHo ocraHoB,teHbI 3arpaAHT€r'IbHblM nyJIeMeTHblM OrHeM CO CTOpOHbt IIyneMeTqIiKOB : . :-cKoro [o,rKa... floc.le AsenaArlarofi ttrparrHeJrn : . :rlbr caa"rlucb. Bcex apecronauHsrx co6paJln B oAHo Mecro u oxo,lo 2 qacoB AHq nocJra,rlr ynbrHllaryM a : .: cxuh n : . : cxufi [oJrKr.r c rpe6onauuerr,t nocrpolrrbcr 6es opyxur.

Tpe6oaaHne 6u.ro HeueA,reHHo Hc[oJrHeHo...>. B apxurnlrx QoH,u,ax yAaJrocb pa3brcKarb ;ruur xpafiHe JraKoHHsHOe OnUCaHfie KaparerbHofi aKllr.ru: <<B 46-fi Aasueuu [o.rIKH orKa3a.rrncb Bbrno,'rHg'rs 6oesue flplKa3anlrt,

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cTpena qacrH c.{a.rrncb, rJIaBHbIe BilHoBHHKU BHAeJIeHH npeAaHbr BoeHHo-no.rreBoMy cyAy),- roBopHnocb o HacrpoeuHRx B apMnr.r, nanpanaeuuofi o

(Uftsl4A CCCP. O. 2003. On. 2. 5a

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29 ur.ns ne 24 noacyauunx 184-ro Bapurancxoro [oJlxa rpoe 6uar npuroBopeHbr n cueprHofi xasun, 8-K 6eccpouuofi Karopre, l3-x l5-ru, a l-x 20-ru roAau Karopxnbrx pa6or. A rpeMr AHflMH panee 6u;r paccrpeJlaH (3a npecrynHyro AeflTe,lbHocrb> pRA0rofi Toro xe

tt2


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peHns B ycKopeHHoilr nopqAKe. OcyxAessne pagee K cuepruofi rarHu fl. Eue,rlRuoa, n. KoHaureHxos r1. M. Kyx no xoAaraficrBy KoMHccapa Bepxonuoro lrasHoKoMaHAyroqero .N1. .N{. !DrlaoueHno 6u,rn noMuJroBaubr. Ae.'ra CoeA'rHessoro cyaa KopuycoB 3a coorBercrByrorqnii neprroA Hc coxpaHrirrrcr (I_[IBHA CCCp. O. 2326.

On. 2. .ll. 6a3). s7

26 aarycra A. Q.

KepeircKoMy qepe3 6eceAosan-

I(opHu.lonul"r g crasre s Morarese B. H. _Jltnoea, q.'leHa IV focyaapcrsennofi AyMbr, nepeAauo 6u.no rpc6oeauire nepeAaqu elry <ecefi soeHnofl u

uefo c .rI. f.

rpax,a,aHcrorf BJracrn>. Ha c"rea.yrcu1ufi gear B CraBKy 6r,rla ornpasnena renerpaM,lra l(opnu.rony c rpe6oeanaervt HeMeA.reHHO CA6rb AOr.r){(HOcTb reHepany Jlyxoucxouy n

npu6urs a llerpor.paA.'28- annycra B reJrery6epucralr u o6,racrHuu xouuccapau Kopnnloe 6r,u o6ras.[eH Mrre)r{rrHKoM Ir H3MeHHnroil, a 29'anrycra o6tqg,reHo o6 or,JacneHuH or AoJ'lxHocru H npeAaIrnlr cyAy 3a - Mrre;( reHe-pa,roB I(opun,roaa, ,(enr_rknna, /lyxoracroro, Mapxona r Kuclqrosa. A aO iorycra 4ei HeMeAJreHHo-

rpaMMe_

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r,'raBHoKoMaHAyroutnM. Haqa,,rb-

luurou ura-6a_ npu HeM 6u.'r uagsaqen ieHepa.lr $aHrelrull M. B. A,rercees. 58

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ss flo,lnpanoputHK Cuopra,roa

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KoB-HuK, KoMaHAHp

l-lr ArrBH3[oHoM. Bxo,qri.n s cocias 6ouraauoro xoMlrera,.oaHaKo B xoAe nu6opoa B AeKa6pe lgl? r. ne 6n,r ls6pau Ha Ao.rrxnocrs xouau4npa qaiastoua, ycrynHB nocre Broporo rypa ro,'locoBarrr Kantrauy B. B. IIIvBan[KoBy. llo cBeAeHHqM Ha I8 lroun l9lg r. npoxHBaJr a Apxannelrcre. 6t EypHryg co6urus ao 2-lt 6arapee npoHcxoAHJtH _ 30 orrn6pa l9l7 r. r u_. floa6epexre.'31 o,(r;6p; ;p;nopre no KoMaHAe 3. H. I-HarIulToB nficaJr: <Cero qxcJra s ga6o.lea H ornpaBnncr Ha r{3JreqeHHe a nepeaasounufi nyHKT>. _B ueArr{nncxou cBn,{ererbcrBe, n6Anxcasxou apavou_H. A. fanaunsnM, orMeqanocr, uro <urra6c_xautnft

nnraH rtaqaHron BcJteAcrBue 6o,resHH'xaroDa ToJrcrblx xxueK cero qncra ornpaanen B nepeBqgoqxilfi orprAf.

n3


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A.

t32. Jr. 366-385).

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c 27 omn6pn no 3 Hor6pn

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uitrcs u

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i9l7-iCI0 m. M., 1988.-C. 98-99)' 3'ro, a raK)Ke ycnue neHUe peflpeccllBHblx reHAenqtlli Cose'rcrofi BJIacrn He BbI3bIBaTr' I{3BeCTHOTO OTTOKa nOTeHIII{a'libHblx BoeHc[erroB B pa3nliqHbte 6e.nue apultn' MOTJIO


A. A. EOPMAH

MocrBo-1918 (H3 sAnnCOK CEKPETHOTO ATEHTA B KPEMJIE)

Apxannfi Anr$pe4onuu Bopuan poArrJtce s l89l r. n llerep6ypre B ceMbe HH)KeHepa ns odpyceuxnx HeMqeB. Maru ero, ApuaAna Bla4nmnporxa Tupxoea (no BropoM 6paxe 6uta [sBecrHblM JtnreparypHuu n o6- Bn,nrsuc), IIlecrBeHHbtM AecrereM, qJreHoM IIK xaaercxofi naprxx n, Kcrarrr, ruMHa3uqecxofi no4pyrofi H. K. Kpyncxofi. t

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c

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AO HMeTb B BrrAy, qTo 3anficKH eTH He npeAcTaB.[gflH KaK(F ro-.nn6o nponaraHAHcrcKoro 3HaqeHus lr BoBce He npeAHa3HaqaJrncb Anc ny6rrtKarux, npoqHo oceB B saKpHTbrx AJrfl

nccreAonarelefi QoHlax Pyccxoro 3arpaHnqHoro ncropnqecKoro apxnBa n llpar_e. He pacrpuBarorcc aBropoM rr rexHnqecKr.re ceKperbr p a6oru 6elornap4efi cxoro no4no;l rr. 3Haqnrelrno, qro B cBonx neqarHbrx pa6orax, B ToM IloAroroura rexcra B.

I.

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EoprxeBcxoro

f.

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qncfle H B Knnfe BocnoMnnaHnfi, BbruleAulefi n BauuHrroHe 1964 r., A. A. Bopuan onycKaer croJlb npxufi enn3oA csoefi xHsHH, coo6ulaq raKoHt{tlHo JII{tlIb o HeJIeraJIbHoM nepexoAe t$Necxofi rpaHl{qbl n g,era6pe 1918 r. 2 Mexr reM KaK BbrffBfl€HHble B apxHBe AeJIorlpoI{3BoAcTBeHHbIe AOKyMeHTbI rroArBep)KAarcr ero clyx6y n HapxouroprnpoMe. 3 CosercKr{e ny6rnxaqxn cKpoMHo yManqnBaxlr o6 yg,aulurom <(KpeMJreBcKoM areHTe>. Iloxa.nyfi' JIIIIIIb s shluleAuefi s 1920 n. (n nepens4agnofi n 1989-r'r!) <KpacHofi KHI'Ire BIIK> Moxc{o orblcxarb BecbMa rJlyxoe ynoMuHaHne o6 erou: <...oHH (xoHrppenoJlloqlloHepbl.- B. E.) npno6p-eraror ocBeAoMure.nn n KpemJIe' B Kpyry Connapxotrta, u3 6;tu3xo oAHH H3 COCTaBI{TeJIeI{ eMy cTosBlrrfix JIIlu> - oTMeqaJl KHHtlt qeK[cr M. fl. JIaquc. a Bnepnue orpblBKl{ H3 BocnoMnuanufi A. A. Eopu-ana 6sl,rn ony6rurosanbl coBceM HeAaBHo.5 Hacroqqan ny6ttuKaunr ,n,aeT ql{TareJlrc 3Haq}IreJIbHo 6olee pa3BepHyroe rrpeAcraBJlevHe o6 sroM BaxHoM HcroqHHKe H qBrgercfl 6 ciyneNrn Ha IIyrH K ero norHoMy HayqHouy us;1aHurc'

s

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n A. A. A. Tuproaa-Bu'11'qMc

MaM I'I BociIoMIiHaHlIffM c. 29, 56.

IIo ee nucb1964'

ee cblua' Bauruslron'

2 Tau >xe. C. 190' a qfAHX. O. 413. On. 8.

466.

A. / Hayv' pea' A' C' Be"ruAosa. T' I. M., 1989. C. 120' u B crane BpafoB' Mocxea, l9l8 roaa' rrasarll'I-6enoraapaeficxo"o aie"ta (ny6n' - loAr" B' Soprueecxrafi N E. BipycrilHa) // E,q'l'lHcrao (perraoua'nlnafl ra3era JIen"".pu4.r.ti 'npoSeccuonaJtbHblx colo3on)' 1990' Ne l' (17 uan). C. 8. ' u lliAOP CCCP' O. 5881. On. l A' 8l' n KpacHax xsura Br{K

nPLlE3A B]llOCKBv

Bo eropoil TIoJIoBI{He Mapra i9l8 rola qipi,lexa't B Mocrsv c lora, fAe norepsr B crenqx c'rrea Ao6poBoJIb;;;;"ft'apMI'Iu t. ilIe,r nsruft Mectlq 6o'rr''regficrcKofr sracrn. Vxe 6un noAn"can Epecr-'rlrroscruft uup' Corercxue e rreHrpaJ'rb'Hble yqpex{AeHI'Ifl rlepeex-aJIil us flerporpa'ua gnacr' 6H"Io Coeercxori t1o.;uy. 3a6url'cyurecrBoBaHie

OKpy)KeH KoJIbIIoM IpOAOBOJIE"CTB€H- r0poA Hbrx oTpflAoB, no y,'iu[aM ro Ir .ileJo npoxoAflT'B3BOAbI MOJloAqeBarbrx .narl[ueri. Kperra,rrt A,rq o6bleare.rleil yxe [oqrl{ HeAocryrleH. Bo,rlruesuKll B cBol{x ra3erax yno-pHo rBep-

HeBO3MoxHO

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TBepAqr, Ho I{ ocyqecrBJlfflor. EaHxlt 6u,'tIl HaquoHaJ'II{3ttpoBaHbr errle B HaqaJre 4exa6pn 2. Bce BpeMq lpo[cxoAqr xoHQucxaql{H roBapHbrx cKJraAoB lr Mara3nHos. Kaxercq

AocraroqHo Qaxron, qro6u y6e4umcr, qlo 6orrureguru 4eftcreyor Bcepbe3. Ho ruupoxln'r o6HBare,rb sro [oHHMaer or{eHb rIJIoxo. OH lo.nlxo HeAoBo.rteH -- pyfaer 6o"rurueBL{KOB 3a npeAaTeJrbcTBO, yXaCaeTCq pocry r{eH, Ho coBepIXeHHO He OUyqaeT, qTo HacTyrraroT BpeMeHa aHTr.rxpficTosH. OH He co6upaercfl ll3MeHnrb cBoto >KI,t3Hb, a ro,'IbKo crapaercr Heci{o;bKo npuc,noco6urbcg K o6croqrertcrBaM. B ercr*l orH'orIIeHHr{ KaKVIo-To oco6vo cnenorv llDoflB,{ter re,'Ioeofi gJreMeHT. Hauaoganu3auuq 6aHxoe He flBr.rJracb AocraroqHF,IM npeAyrrpexAeHueM. Kynuu cMupHo cuAe,'rrr B c,BoHX Jra,BKax rr cKr,'IaAax, c xaxofi-ro HenoHsruoji noxopHocrbro o)KLrAaq, KorAa r{oMMyHr.{,crnqecKar B,'racrb or6eper or HHx IlMyuecrBo. Iulsre,n,rureHur.{rr eure qr{ra,ra cso6onHtie taserbl -_ KorAa 6unlr saxpurbr MocKoBCKHe, eule Hecr(oJ'rbKo HeAeJrb rrpHXoAlrJrrr neTpofpaACr(r{e- r{ orpaHr.iqI,IBaracb pyraHbro 6ontmeefiroe. Huxro He co[rHeBa.rrcfl, qro 3To He HaAoJrfo. Hacrpoeuue 6H,[o sbrxr.tAarejtbHoe. THcqq[ od[uepoB cr.{Ae,rtr s Mocxee, Hr.{KyAa ue codupancr exarn. ,IIllq, aKrr{BHo pa,6oranurux fiporrrB 6o;lruenuxbs, e Mocxse 6H_ ,'Io, Mo)KeT 6utr,, HecxorbKo aecqrKoB. B t"_ BpeMeHa 6o,rnrueer.txH Aep)Ka,1ricb, HecoltHeHHo, To"rbKo 6"rrarogapa 3ToMy HeonpeAe.[enHo paccesHHoMy Ha-

crpoeHaro o6ulecrsa, 6.taro4apa He[oHqrHo orKyAa np]r_ rueArueft yBepeHHocrr.r, rITo 6o,rtureaacrcras BJracTb 6es BcflKHX eogAeftcrsilr'r cropo rraAer, ricqe3Her caua co6ori. Conercxaq tsJracrb eule 6u,ra n,'roxo opraHu3oBaHa. gexa eu{e He sBr'rsJracb MoryuecTBeHHbrNr annapaToM, nycTIrB_ IIJTIM rqyrraJrbUa Bo ,Bce rropbr o6u{ecrsa. B re eperrleHa ge_ xa 6wna Ha[paBo rr Har'reBo e[{e B 3HaqnTeJrbgoft crenesa

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rIoA coBe1lcKHe .rlpe)KAeHllfl., rlo KBa'prHpbI AJIfl qacrHofo xHTbfi gaxBarbIBa.IIH oqeHb Mer,JIeH'Ho. Ho rorAa y)Ke 3axBarblBaJlHcb;: To IIpoqHo, li 3axBarql'iKH.cpasy ]Ke HaJIara' JIr,r cBolo, pyKy fl a : I.lMyulecrBo BJIaAeJibueB, npeBpau{4fl ' eto B ,cBoro co-6atseHHoctr. Tar, HarlptiMep, Aruy6, .crpeMI'IBtuuitcg. r{HorAa B pagroBopax co nsoil ,rn6eparbHl.{qarb H ,{a}Ke ;KpI{TIIKOBaTb 6o,IbrUennxon :(roHeuHo To,'IbKo ts KaqecTBe orlrro3r{Ilur{ efo Be"IHqecraa). 3aHffJI xaxyn-m 6oraryro KBaprr{py I.l 6es scsxax xo,re6asltii qepe3 Hexoropoe BpeMr'BbrBeg H3 Hee rue6e,rl B Apyrylo KBaprI'Ipy. Ha qacrHHe KBapTH:pbr coBeTcKas MeJ-IKoTa. 6pocunacn uo3)Ke, a.re qro crotJrx IIoBbII[e npoAorxiaJlx'ocraBarbcs'e 6oflltuux rocrlIHHIIax, qyBcrByfl ce6q noAo6uo 3aBoeBare,'IsM Ha 6Hsvaxax. B cronosofi <Melpono,rs>> ff KaK-To Bcrperl{rcq c Paxoec KnM, I{OTOpOTO 3HaiI C iAerCTBa. B Ha'Iafle croJlerHff oH oKoJro roAa npox(Hn n flerporpaAe II 'Bpau{arcn B luSepa;llHrirx Kpyrax...5noa.n,y: Mu.rrcroBa rI y Crpyne.8. lloc;le cMepru cpoefi )KeHH Paxoecruft yexaJl I{s PoccHH H BepHyJrcr ronbKo ir uae l9l7 roaa. Vxe rorAa o HeM xoAHJII{ pa3Jrr{rrxbre cnyx}r. lonopu.rll, qro oH Ha c.nyx6e y ancrpuiiqes. Kaxercff pyMblnbr roxe flpeA'bflBJlfldlu euy uo4o6noe o6axnenne,,Ho rro RpHe3Ae e PoccHIo y Hero Bce x(e xBarI,IJIO HarJTOCTH TIOCeTHTb JIIIU, KOTOpbIX OH 3ttan CeMHaAIIaTb JreT TOMy Ha3aA.

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136


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B nee Ha npuHuHne ,qo6poeoltuecraa 6exaguue na ,[,on a,'rn 6opr6sr c 6oatureguxa-

Hoaouepraccre. BxoAHJru

nn oQuqepu, roHKepa, cryAeHTbt, rHMHa3?rcrbl u r. E. 25 rcra6pt (7 nnapn) oHa floJ,'ryquna oQuqualsuoe HaHMeHoBaHrre <<,II,o6ponolruecxaa apMrlrr>>, B KoMaHAoBaHne BcrynuJ'r reHepa"r JI. f. I(opura,roe. B $eapa;re-aupeJre l9l8 r.,{,o6pono,rruecKaq apMr.ra coBepr[r.rJra csofi flepnufi Ky6ancrufi (Jleaanoft) noxoA, Koropufi ue npuHec BoeHHbIx ycnexoB, Ho cnoco6creora;r QoprranpoBaHuro cnrroqerHoro qApa A"rq 6yayuefi 6opr6u c 6oflnuresuxaun na IOre Pocclrrl. 2 .[,erper o HaquoHaru3aurn KpynHbrx aKrlr-roHepHbrx 6asxon 6u;r npuuRr 14(271 rcra6pr 1917 r., a 23 sunapa (5 tpenpa,ra) l9l8 r. 6u"rlr xonQucroBaHbr Karrr{ranH 6Hsurgx qacrHbrx 6auxog.

145


3 flepeesA Coeercroio npaBnrenbcrBa. us^ flerporpa-

l0--ll uapra l9t8 r' 4 EPOHCKHR llt. I. (6payn' ll. 14. BapuraBcKlrii) {1882-1941) - norucrnfi corruan-AeMoKpar' yqacrnlrr iin"""p"uriacroft xouQepenql'Iu u u.nen o6pasosaHHoft B. I,I. JIestHHM rpynnbl <[nuuepaa.nrr.cKarl .[eBaR>' Bbl' crvnHeurefr nport{B flepsofi uapoeofi nofinu; c anpexn l9i7 n. n lleiporpaae, 'uleH 6o,rluesucrcxofi flaprull, Toproratr u npoMblurneHnocle Oxrr6pt - 3aMHapKoua HOCTI.I. aa e Mocxsy npollcxoAnn

s Bucruufr Coaer HapoAsoro xosxficraa 6ur,r o6pa' eonau 2(15) .u,era6pa l9l7 r. Ha ocIIoBe sKoHoMI'IqecKo' ro orAena BUHK KaK ldeurpanbnufi opran pyKoBoAcrBa sroHoMnxofi crpauu. HapxorvnoprnpoM nepeAan e BCHX orpacneBble orAenH 6Her[eno Mnnncrepctna roproBtH H npoMbIIuneHHOcTn.

6

JIAPHH K)pufi (Jlypre Muxan.n 3a,'rsuauoar.ru) io asiycra l9l7 r.- vensruenur, 6u;r

(lSS2-1932)

qneHoM HcIIoJIKoMa flerpocoaera; B onI'IcbIBaeMoe qJreH BIIIZK, corpyAHI.IK BCHX; Mr

Bpe-

-

PAAEK Kap.rr Eepxrap4orn,r (188$-1939) - 6unnocuuft qnex CAII|, c l9l7 n. B naprltl{ 6olrutenuron,

.ne Orrq6pg Ha orBercrBeHHblx nocrax s Cosercxoft Pocpea6ulutuponau); cfir.r; penpeccupoBaH (nnHe

-

PAKOBCKI{n Xpncruax feoprneuu (I873-I94I) qreH naprnu 6o.luuesuxos c 1917 r., B onucHBaeMoe BpeMt

(nsrne -

upeAceAarem CHK pea6ranrnpoaau);

Vrpauuu;

peflpeccupoBan

9uuaxYruoruq l|cranop IYKOBCKUE qrleH PC,IIPII c 1898 r., n l9l7 r.(1871-1921) xasxaqeft IIK -6oauues[KoB, B onFcusaetuoe BpeMfl 3aMHapKoMa Quuaucoo. ? MI,IJIK)THH Bnal,HMrp

llarrosrq (1884-1937) -

qJreH flaprrrn 6oasuegilros c l9l0 r., B onltcblBaeMoe Bpepea6uMff 3aMrrpeA BCHX; penpeccllpoBaH (usIne

;rurupoaau).

-

JIOMOB (Onnoron) feoprxfi Hnnorurosxq qreH IIaprHH 6oJtluesuros c 1903 r.; pe[peccHpoB OrncbrBaeMoe- BpeMfi - 3aMnpeA BCHX; pea6u,rurupoaan). naa, (nune 8 tylt{JlK)KOB llaseil HnxoJraesrq (1859-1943) c 1907 r.-[peAceAare;rr IIK naprltl{ KaAeroB H peAaKra3erbr <Pevr>; Top ee r{euTpanbnoro opraHa CTPyBE llerp Eepnrap4oanr (187G-l9a ) - s 90-e nr.- <<.neraarnufr MapKcr.Icr>, r 190$-1915 rr.(1888-1938)

q,nen

IIK

KaAeroB.

, MAHyI{JIbCK1|R ,ll,uurpnfi 3axaponx.r qnen naprr.In 6omrueeuros c 1903 r., (1883-1959) B OnlrcbrBaeMoe- BpeMfi - 3aMHapKOMIIpOAa. J|OABOICKHE Hxxo;rafi fiasnq (1880-1948) qnen'0PCAPII c 1901 r.; oAHIt r.ts pyxoao,4ure.nefi Ox140


rfl6pbcKoro BoccraHuq BpeMr

B fleTporpaAe, B

npeAceAareJlb Bucureft

onrrcbrBaeMoe uHcneKqur.l

goessofi

llaser .Il,mxrpxennu " AOJIIOPyKOB (1866--_1927) KHg3b, s l918-1919 fr.- npeAceAare,rlKaAeroB, u.lex HaqnouaJrbgoro qeHrpa; -Ij,Kr. flaprun s 1927 6u;r apecroBan nocJre HeJrefaJrbHoro nepexoAa PKKO.

coBercroft rpann[br H pacc?penqH 6es cyAa.

', OAI{HIIOB Ceprefi Hranosrq (1874-1920) 6Hemafi feuepantHoro rura6a renepa.n-uafiop; c AeKa6. pa 1917 f.- Ha pa3rnrrHrtrx Aor'r)Kuocrrx BoeHHbrx opnaHon Cosercrofi a,racru, B onr.rcbrBaeMoe BpeMfi - crapurufr uscnerrop KaBal'repfiu Bucurefi eoeHHoii ]rHcneKrlun Ha Vrpar.rue.

ta qIOPVIIA A,nexcan4p ,llrrlrrpxenn,r (1870-1928) q,ren PCAPII c 1898 r.; B orrlrcr{BaeMoe BpeMrr

-

-Hap-

KoMnpoA PC@CP.

1pQ[(Utr (Eponrurefin) JIer ,l|anxgorn.r B coqrraJr-AeMoKparnqecKoM ABHxeHuH c - napruH 1897 r., qnes 6omuresuros c 1917 f.; B onuHapKoMBoeHMop PC<DCP; e 1929 r. crrBaeMoe BpeMr BbrcJraH ug CCCP, y6xr o Mexcaxe no 3aAaHHro HKBA ta

(1879-1940)

CCCP.

qUqEPI{H leoprufi Baouresxq (1872-1936) '5 ao l9l8 f. MeHb[reBHK; B onr.rcbrBaeMoe BpeMrr - Hap-

KoMHHner PCOCP. 16

TOMCKUn (E{perrror) Muxarn llasaosrq

(1880-1936)

B

qJ'reH onr.rcbrBaeMoe BpeMr

-

napruu 6omruegrxoe npeAceAare,rrr

craHoBKe MaccoBtix penpeccnfi noKoHqHJ'r 17

c

c

1898

f., B oflucbrBaeMoe

Ma rpyAa PCOCP.

1904 r.,

BpeMq

-

o6-

co60ft.

HOIl.lH Bxxrop llanroanq (1878-1924)

PCAPfl 18

c

BIICilC; s

-

qreH

3aMHaPKo-

EyXAPI,IH Huxonafi Heanosrq (1888-1938)

c 1906 r., B onncuBaeMoe peAaKrop raseru <flpan4a>>; perpeccllpoBaH,

qJreH naprrrx 6omruegnxos Bperufl (nuHe

-

pea6n,'rurnpoBaH).

'e IIOIIOB Tuxon llsaHogrq (1872-1919) - r corluaJr-AeMoKparr.rtlecKoM,(BuxeHr.rlr c 1893 r., c uoq6pq l9l7 f.- KoMr.rccap - ynpar,rrroulufi Mocxoscxofi xoHropofi loc6aHra, c aflpenr l9l8 r.- ynoJ'rHoMoqeHHbtfi CHK PCOCP no coxpaHenno uessocrefi Pecny6.nlrxu, c uroHr rrasHbrfi KoMHccap Hapogaoro 6asra PCOCP. llo -npoucxox<AeHr.uo oH 6u,r cuso,lr cBfiulenHlrKa, B

1896 r. saKoHuH!'r ucropuro-Qu;rororu,{ecxflfi Qary;rnrer Xaprxoacxoro yHuBepcrrrera, pa6ora"r ctarncrnrou. VqacrBoBaJr a Orra6prcxnx 6oqx s Mocrse. 20 Peqr uAer o BbrcrynneHltu tlexoc.rogaqxoro xopnyca, cQopruupoBafiHoro H3 BoenHonneHHbrx qexoB H cJrosaros. nocfle Epecrcroro Mnpa Kopnyc 6Hn o6rqs"'ren aaroHounoii sacrbro Qpauqyscxofi apMr.ru lr Haqanacb no,EK efo ornpaBKe r 3ana4nyro Eapony qepes

roroBKa

117


Aa,rrnnft Bocror. B pesy,trtare xonQ.nnxra c Cosercxult npaBnrenbcrBoM eoficxa xopnyca l2(25) Yat l918 r. nucrynxlN IIporl'tB 6o.nrureauroe, BcKope 6H.1r saxgaqeHEtr 9eaa6i{Hcr, Ilenea, Hoeoudrolaencx, Cuspanr, Onacr, Cauapa, 3,natoycr, KpacnoTorvcx, a B r{Ioue apcx, Bra4unocmr. -

,'

Ano;rr0 A6pamoox,r (1883-1927) c 90-x rr., B rlaprfis 6onsruegl{KoB c l9l7 r.; B onucHBaeMoe BpeMt B

HOOOE

coufiad'r-,(eMoKparHr{ecKoM ABH)KeHuIi

[onnpeA PCOCP a leplvrautn.

,, MEHXHHCKUn Bcqecras PyAo,lrSonu,r qrex PCLPII c 1902 n., B oIIHcbIBaeMoe KoHcyn PCOCP s EepauHe. flocBpeMfl reuepa,rruuft - tD. 3. .Il,sepxrHcKoro (1925 r.) re cMeprr{ - upeAceAa(1874-1934)

OfflV CCCP. 23 6EP3I,lH (Eepsuxrur-3reue,ntc) fln Anrosnq qneg PCAPI c 1902 r., B onucblBaeMoe (1881-1938)

re.rrr

BpeMr

- PCOCP e lUaeftrlapuu; penpecclpoBaH nonnpeA

(nune

pea6n.nurupoaan).

za

Bnrlreabu Il foreHqor,nepx (1859-1941) reprrrancrnfi HMneparop u npyccrufi Koponb 1888-1918 rf., cBepfHyr Hor6prcroft penolrcqaeft. ,5 HATAHCOH Mapx Ax4peemr (1850-1919)

B

-

oAHH H3 BHAHbrx HapoAHHKoB, oAHH H3 oclrosareneft <3eMJrr{ H BoJrr>), KpyxKa <uafixosqen>; 1905 acep, B

l9l7 r.-,resbrft scep, B l918 r.

<peBonrouHoHHbrx KoMMyHncroB>, MecrHo c 6o.nrueguxauu.

c

r.-

opraHn3oBan rpynry 4eftcrnonanruyrc coB-

ze 6PACIH Jleonn4 Eopncoarr (1870-1926) - n co(Han-AeMoKparuqecKoM ABU)KeHur{ c 1890 r.; B oflHcbrBaeMoe BpeMr ToproBnrl H [poMHruneHHocTr.r - HaproM BCHX. PCOCP, u,ren flpeau4ryua

,? BOPOBCKHN (1871-1923) B

Baqras Baurasonfiq corllan-AeMoKparuqecKoM ABuxeHur.r c 1894 r.; c noa6pn l9l7 r. 6u,r no;rnpeAor'r PC<DCP s cKaH,u{HaBcKrrx

crpaHax ([IIseuHa, .Ilauun, Hopnerra);

y6nr B Jlosauue 6Hsurnr{

o$nqeporrl-gpo3AoBrleM

M.

KoH-

paAr.r.

,8 MHPEAX Buarreaeu (1871-1918) c - rpaQ, aflpenq l9l8 r. repnancruft noco.]r B Mocxre; 6 uIo.lts l9l8 r. y6ur .neruru ocepoM fl. f. E;rrcuxunurra. 2s Asr,ruficxurl Aecasr a Apxaure,ucr 6Hl sncaxeH 2 anrycra 1918 r., B eror xe AeHb B ropoAe npolrsorxen

nepeBopor noA pyKoBoAcrBoM Kanr{raHa 2 payra f. E.9anJrHHa H o6pasonauo Bepxoauoe ynpaBneHue Cenepnofi o6racru Bo rJraBe c HapoAHHM corlr{aJlucroM H. B. tlafiKOBCKIIM.

30 KEAPOB Mnxar.r Cepreennu (1878-1941)

q.neu PCIIPI c l90l; B onncbrBaeMoe BpeMr 3aMHapKoMa pea6n.nulro BoeHHbrM aenaM; penpeccupoBan (uune

rHpoBarr).

t48

-


3r C cexrn6pn lglS n. M. C. Keapor 6u.n naqanrsuxom Boessoro orAeJra BI{K, c rHBapr l9lg r.- naqa"{bHEK Oco6oro orAera BIIK. B rrlae-1919 r. on 6u;r

raKxe HasHauen oco6oyno.nHoMoqennbrM BHK s Ae (cM.: Me,rrryuoa C. II. Kpacnurl reppop s r9r8-1923. M., i990. C. 59-62). 3, IEKKEP Anarorrfi l{auu (1888-1938)

BoaonPoccau

6ua-

- orprrunfr rura6-porMrrcrp uapcrofi apMnrr; KouaH,u,oBan AoM, [oAaBuBruHM auru6oanuteguctcxoe BoccraH]re B fpocaaaae B Htor'râ&#x201A;Ź l9l8 r.; c aBrycra 1918 n.- KoMaHAynrqufi Bo,ronoAcxlrrra rbrJroBbrM pafionou, gareM soficxarrrr Kor.naccxoro par:ioHa n CeeepHofi ,Il,aunu; penpeccrpoean (uuue pea6u,'rHtnponan). 33

Peqr uAer

o

g,roAeiicxolr y6r.rficree HMrreparopa Exarepun6ypre c 16-ro na

Hnroraq II u ero ceMbr.r B 17 urons l9l8 r. 34

KOJIqAK A.rexcau4p Bacu,nrcnuq (1874-1920)

Buqe-aAMupan fiNrneparopcKoro Qr'rora, s l9l7 r. KoMaHgona.n 9epnoMopcKuM Qaororr,r; n ron6pe l9l8 Qenpa.ne 1920 m.- BepxonHuft flpaeure,rr Poccrn -u BepxosflHfi frasHoroil{aH,q,yrcu1Hfl. Paccrpe,rRH no nPtrnoBopy Hpxytcxoro BPK 7 genpa.nr 1920 r. 35 3llHOBbEB (Palousc.rrrcxnfi) fpnnopufi Enceenrr (1883-1936) u,ren PCAPH c l90l r.; B onxcblBae-

Moe BpeMs

fipeAceAarenb-

npeAceAarenb flerporpa4croro coBera

CHK Corosa KoMMyH Cenepuoft OceHrp 1918 r. flerporpaA 6ur't o.(ttfitu us

Li

o6nacrn. rJIaBHblx

qeHrpoB MaccoBoro KpacHoro reppopa. 36

K)AEHfiq Hnxoaafi Hnroraesnq (1862-1933) -

neHepan or uu$aHrepuu, s l9l7 r. 6rr,'r rraBHoKoMaHAyIoirtHM sofrcrdMn (asrascroro $ponra. floote npuxoaa r sracrn 6o,rsuresurog oKono roAa HaxoAurcq B fler-

porpaae Ha

HeJIera,'lbHoM

iex- QuHcryro rpaHnuy

rlt

noJloxeHllu, 3areM raftno nepe-

opraun3a[un.Seaoro ABfixe-

HHfl Ha ceBepo-3araAe Pocctrlt. B tlloue l9l9 r' 6u;I sa3HaqeH Ko,rqarou fr!aBHoKoMaIIAyloqlrM BceMI{ pyccKI-Irax soficrail{u Ha Cenepo-3anaAHoM tppoHre. Vnrep e err,Iurpaunu.


)Ai,s goKyMeHroB

6enorBopfleficrofi KOHrppo3BeAKll

l9l9

F.

ily6anxyemuft Htrxe AoKyMeHr He xyAoxecrBeHHoe npon3BeAeH[e n He MeMyapH. 9ro - oQnqxa.rruuufi orqer HaqarbHnKa Xapr,xorcxoro qeHTpa PaeseAblsareJrbHoro orAereHHc IIIra6a fnannoxoruaHAyKlqero BoopyxenHuuu Cn.irauu IOra Poccnu. O4naxo qnraercfl eror, Ka3aJrocr 6u, KaHqenqpcKnfi 4oryueHr, KaK Hacrogutnfi AereKrHB.

Anrop orqera, noJTKoBHHK ,ll,nnry6cxnfi, eqe B Hartare l918 r. pyKoBoAHJt no4noarHoii oQnqepcxofi opraHn3aqnefi n XaprKoBe, 3areM Bo3rJtaBHJr orpqA oQnqepor, npo6unruHficc B Mapre l9l8 r. x .llo6pono"nrqecxofi apmnu. Ilo saAaHr.rn KoHrppa3BeAKn oH qepe3 roA 6ua ornpaBJreH B ExarepunocraB, a HecKonbKo npeAaHHbtx eMy noAqnHenXaprxou, AJlq opraHxsaqnn pa3BeAbrBarerbnoro - aOqenr qenTpa. cxopo,6;laro4apa cBoHM JrHqHbrM KaqecrBaM H KOMneTeHTHOCTr.t, a TaXX(e CTapHM CBS3CM C COBeTCKHMII Hbrx

BOeHCnerlaMH.

off Aocr[r

BecbMa oTBeTCTBeHHHX nOCTOB B BJrHflJr B HyxHoM 4lr 6e-

KpacHofi Apunn N He 6es ycnexa

6ortuesrcrcKoro pyKoBoAcrBa Ha VxpanHe. On conepuraJr HHcneKqHoHHbIe noegAxtl n OAeccxxfi oKpyr r r Kpum, codrpan cBeAeHHc ceKperHoro xapaKrepa, a c KoHqa anpenc l9l9 n. Bo3rJraBnJr XaplJrbrx HanpaBJreHnr{ Ha Aericrsnc

xoncxnft pa3BeAqeHrp.

B orqere np[BoAcrce nHrepecHefiu[e cBeAeHiq o

6e.no-

nnap4ef,cxoM noAnoJtbe Ha Vxpar{He, o HeKoropbtx coBercKr{x pyt(oBoAHreIflx, oKa3aB[rrfxcc noA BJ|ncHHeM areHTOB KoHrppa3Be4xn. Oco6ufi unrepec npeAcraBnser onrfcanne noAroToBKr.r H npoBeAeHltfl aBaHTnpncTnqecKoro no cyTrf HaIlpe,qrclonxe, noAroroBKa rexcra HeBCKOTO.

r50

H

xomnenrapnfi

B. f.

6opr-


crynneflI{fl Kpacnbrx Ha PyMbtHI{ro Anfi nogepxKn ConercrOfi Benrpxfi tr npoBeAeHnfl B x(rrsnb r{AeH MrrpoBofi peno{fttqrt]r. Vneno urpac Ha ocJrenreHnocr[ 6orrurenncrcKux soxAefi [epcneKr[Bofi ycranorreHHc BJracr[ nponerapHara Bo BceM M[pe, ncnoJb3yc r{x A[JIeIaHTH3M B o6aacrn soenHOIO HCKyCCTBa, a raKxe CJrOX(HHe OTHOTXeHHC MeX(Ay OTAe{bHbrMH Qynrqnonepauu uonofi BJracrH, rll,anry6cxnfi nceMl{- cnnaMr{ crapancc secHofi l9l9 n. oc,na6urr HarilcK coB€rcK]rx soficx Ha HeMHoroqHcneHHHe cnau Ao6poBoJIb: qecxofi apMlrn n Aoneqrou 6accefine. 1l ero, B KoHeqHoM cqere, emy yAanocu. Hecounennufi nnrepec BHgoBer raKxe ocBerqefll|e B oTqere opraHl{3aql{fi AeereJlbHocrn xapbKoBcKr{x noAnoJrbu{r{KoB nonbtrKH npoBeAeHuq BoccTaHHc B ropoAe HaKaHyHe [oAxoAa K HeMy 6elux. IIy6anxyeuufi 4oryrrrenr Aaer f,pKoe npeAcraBneH[e KaK o JilOAf,Xf cJryx(r.rBrrrfix n 6erornap4eficxofi KoHrppa3BeAKe rr yqacrroBaBulux n aHrn6oatuenucrcrofi noAnoatnofi AerreJrbHocrn, TaK u o cpeAcrBax, HcnoJIbSyeMbIx nun. IIep€A qlrrareJreM Bcraer xecroxac Kapr[Ha 6paroy6uficrnennofi rpax4ancrofi nofinu, nofinu He Ha xH3Hb' a Ha cMeprb" Ter<ct orqera ny6.nnxyercc c He3HarIHTeJIbHblMI{ coxpaqenllflMH, odosnaqaeMbIIvrI{ orrorruem. Crapan oprporpaQun 3aMeHeHa fla coBpeMeHHyn. lly6luxaqns ocyqecrBJleHa no

MaIIIT{HonucHofi Konufi, coxpaH[Blllefics s SoHne VnpanaeHnn AeJIaMfi Oco6oro coBeqaHrc npn faanHoKoMaHAyuqeu Bo-

opyxeflflblmn Cnlaun IOra Poccnn (us xoalexqnn 6unrueio Pyccxoro 3arpaHilqHoro ucropl{qecKoro apxxBa n [lpare. nufe - IIIAOP CCCP. 0.439. On.l. 4.108. JI.l6-27 06.)

CosepttreHo 'ceKPerHo OTIIET o AecrerbHocru XaPuxoBcxoro pa3BeAbIBareJlbHoro qeHrpa

flonyuxn npnKa3aHue o6pasouarl n Xaprxo-se PasseAusarenouutft ieutp, q x I anpe,'Ir (1919 r'-B.8.) npu6Hr e Xapsroe BMecre c [pI{KoMaHAI'IpoBaHHbIMI'l K BBepeHHoMy MHe Irenrpy oQnqepautt 4^-ro Ky6ancKoro nJIacryucroro 6aralloHa rIopyrlHKoM C_xpunnnronuira, nopyqnror',r .Ilanenu,col,t, [oAlopyquxou IIIssKapeHKo' IlparlopurHKoM Pu6anou, IoHKepoM CxpanHnxonuna. l5t


Brn4y

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opaHxepeii xapbKoBcKi.rx caAoBoAoB, orryAa pyKoBoArln Aa,rlseirurert pa6orofr l{eHrpa, HarpaBJreHHoft Ha paspa6orxy nJraHa rr rroAroroBKy 3axBara ropoAa BHyrpeHHI{M BOOpylKeHHbi M BblcryrrJreHHeM.

B sror nepuoA xpacxufi reppop AocrI,Ir anoreq. Ha ynnUAI JIOBI{J'IH HI'I B qCN{ HC II.OBHHHbIX NPOXOX<HX II TOJIbKO Irerioropbrx AoBoAr.r,'rn Ao qp$BblqaeK, 6o.nsuuHcTBo xe paccrpei'rrrBaJrocb Ha r\{ecre. flonasu]I,Ie xe n 9pesnuuafixy noABepfalHcb )KecToKHM [bITKaM C I{eJIbtO BbI[bITaTb CBeAeHr{s o Xaprroecxofi flo6pono;rrqecroft opranr.reaqr{H, He qyBcrBoBarl pa6ory xoropoii oHH He MorJrr,r. t{ro xacaercfl [opyqr.rKa .Ilanesnca, ro eMy 6olro npe4rfln.leHo o6gtrHeHne B ToM, r{To oH cocrofld'I areurom .[,o6ponorsuecxofi opraHu3ar{n[ n Xaplxone I{ BbrloJrHffJI Bce

srofo ueHrpa. Moeii cecrpe, ,[,nnry6crofi 6u.nu rpeAbsBJreHbr cneAyroqtle o6suneur.rs: L Ee 6par [oJrKoBHuK ,[,oury6crufr s,sns,ercfl HatraJTbHHKoM Xaprxoocxoro .[,o6ponoJrbqecKoro nyHKra. 2. Ee xeaprnpa cJryxlr,ra MecroM c6opa ttpuesxanurux ornpaB,'rflForqfixcs Ha Aou oQuqepoo, Koropbrx oHa cna6xaaa rroAJroxnbrMr.r [ac[oprarran. 3. Iloqrosnft rulnK flopyqeHr.rfl

Ns 334, ganr.rcaHHbrii Ha ee I{Mfl, cJryxi{Jr ycJroBnbrM aApeca-

rona oQnqepcrofi opraur{3aqlrw. 4. B ee pacflopsxeHnr{ HaxoAr{Jracb runorpaQur, e roropoft [errara,rncb .[,o6pooo;rrIIECKHC BOS3BAHIif.

.Il,onpocu ee

lt fiopyrrfiKa Jlanesuca conpoBox{AaJrlrcb

sg6neHngun, npur{eM BBHAy noJlnoro orpuqaHr.rff

Br.rHbI no-

pyqIIKy Jlaneuncy 3aroHsJu{ ttoA Horrn rBosAr.r H BbrpbrBanu sy6u, ee )Ke HecKoJrbKo pas BbrBoAHJrfi Ha paccrpe,'r. flpuueu coJrAaraM r{pesnr,ruafixn 6u.n orAaH npriKa3 sapxAlrrb BHHToBKH Ha qerbrpe rrarpoHa, yroltrlB ece no4 ey6 oTceqKn oTpaxareJrg, Bc,'reAcTBr.re qero npr.r 3aJI[e BbrcTpeJIoB He noJlyrlaJrocb. Coclaanucb Ha ocer{Kl,r, KoMeHAaHT I]K me. CyAaroe, o6uquo apoAeJrbrBannuri ery rpoqeAypy, oTK,'IaAbIBaJr paccTpe,'r Ao cJreAyroulero LHfl. B Aenr rroAroroBKri Bbrcry[r'Ieulin 6amu cAe,ltaHbl cJIeAyloqlte Mepbr. B nepayr.o oqepeAb s o6reAusrEJr Bce opfaHn3arltllr anru6o,rnueBucrcKoro xapaKrepa. Taxonux opraHHsarlllii Hacqrrrbr'BaJrocb Ao AecflTr{ Kpor{e HecKo.rrbKI{x oQltuepcxux, rpy[[]rpoBaBrrruxcs no pafiouau, H3 Koropbrx cauoft xpynHoft 6una oprauwsar\ufr. ropyqr.rKa Ky.nuxona, 3aHEMaBUraqCg [peLIMyrqecTBeHHo nerraTaHHeM rrpoK.rraMa-

qufi n Hx pacnpocrpaHeHr{eM. llocre apecra nopyunxa Ky!'nIKoBa, norraBruerocn Ha Cyucxoft y"uuqe npa pas6pocxe 163


npoK,'raMarlHi4,

}ra rpynna

aKrl{BHoli pa6orbl

B ueHrpe

NOIITN HC NPI.IHI{MA,']A.

Kpoue grax opraHusaunfi, e Xapt'rone 6ula eule cryAeHqecKafl rpyltfla rIoA l{oMaH4oii cry4enra fluuxeproua, 3AHI{MABIIIA'Cq NPCI]MYXIECTBEHHO NCIIATAHHCM HA IIIANHporpaQe nossnaHltt?, npox.nauaqnft u [pIrKa3oB l{eurpa. Pa6ora rofi rpynnu cI{JIbHo ropMo3l{Jlacb orcyrcrBl{eM B MoeM pacnopflx{eHna AeHef, qro craBHJIo I'IHorAa IJ,enrp -n 6egsHxoAuoe no.noxesue. Co6parb xe AeHbrn nyreu o6pauleHHfl K MecrHbIM KaTII.ITaJILICTaM He npeAcTaBJIgJIOCb Bo3Mox<HbIM, orrlacrll llg-ga 6oggnu. Cpe4r.r MHJrltuLIoHepoB r. Xaplrona raK>xe cyuecrBoBaJra opraHll3alrufl, HacqHTbIBaBIIlar Ao 260 qeroeeK, Ho

6,raro4apx aHTIiceMHTcKoMy Hacrpolo MIiJIxquoHepoB, rrpn BblcryrrJreHH!I oHLI HaBepHsKa yBJIeKd'IHcb 6u eepeftcxutr't [orpoMoM, rITo fpo3uro KpoMe cro"'IKHoBeHIlft c xoporuo Boopyx(eHHultu enpeilcKl{MI.I Apy)KI'IHaMI'I o6leAIaueHIleu r.IHre,'rJrHreHuI,Ill

ltpor]IB [eHrp a.

r{ro xacaercff HacrpoeHnr pa6or{Hx Macc, To 3aBoAbI Me,rurose u Bceo6uag KoMnaHI'Iq sreKTpnqecrsa 6rtru ga

Conercxyro BJIacrb TJIaBHbIM o6pasou 6raroAapr npllcyrcrBI{Io 6orlurono Kor'IuqecrBa ,taruureft, ocra,'IbHble xe 6uJIH Hacrpoenbl flBHo aHTxcoBercxu, n oco6eHHocrl'I fell$epux-Ca4e Il IlaponosocrpoxTeJlbHltii sasoA, orrasasullfics uo6unusoBarbcs I.I He AaBIxzfi ronopnt Tpouxouy no BpeMfl ero Bbrcryn"teHHq Ha SToM SaBOAe Ha MI',ITI'IHre. Cpealr pa6ouux llaponoeocrpot.IreJlbHoro 3aBoAa HMeJIacb cBofl opraHvsatfirfl. ttoA pyKoBoAcrBoM Ha"rueafixo, 6Hnulero qJreHa Coroea pyccKofo HapoAa, HacqI'ITL'IBaIoqafl Ao 350 qerosex. Bce srn rpyr[bl 6u.nu o6reALIHeHbI MHoIo. Or raxAoft I,I3 HI'IX B MOCM PACIIOPflX(CHI'II,I I'IMCJIC'I OAI,IH I{CTOBCK AJIfl cBg3r.r, 11M nepeAaBaJIHcb rIocJIeAHIle HoBocrll c Qpoura. Bcerc B cJryqae BbIcrylJIeHI{fl MoxHo 6ulo paccul'ITblBarb na 2800 BoopyxeHHblx r{eJIoBeK. Kportre toro, utra6c-KanuraH DeAuufi, nocrynueurufi Ha coBercKyto c.rIyx6y, o6eqan Aarb Ao 30 'Ierosex Hs oco5oro orpflAa, KoropblM oH KoMaHAoBa,'I u xoropuft HaxoAl{,'Icfl nocr'IeAHee BpeMfl noA Mepetpofi. flpn arou ou o6eulan ,qarl 50 xaea.nepnftcxux nyJreMeroB cacreMbl llloura u ao 1000 BI.IHroBoK. tlepes ABa AHfl npe6usauus, nra6a B opaH)Kepee 6uno pacKpbrro 6onrrueeuraMn, ycrpol{BITIltMH o6.rlaey Bo BpeMfl 3aceAaHnrr rura6a. flocle KoporKolo croJIKHoBeHnn, y6uv H paHHB r{erbrpex 6o,rrueguKoB, MbI 6ee norepr yrunu, 6poCI'IB HecKO,'lbKO KapT I{ He HMeIOXIIIX SHatIeHIlIfl AOKyMeHTOB. lloc.ne eroro ruta6 6ul nepeHeceu Ha xyrop o 7-uu aep164


crax or ropoAa. C.nexxa 6olrueguxoB, ilor{yBcrBoBaB[rlrx B Hac rJraBHofo Bpafa, 6u;ra Hacr,oJlbKo xopoua, qro rrepe3 AeHb Ha xyTop 3alrreJr xaxoft-to rl,Irr, saloAospeuuufi HaMH B cr're)KKe. llpn 4onpoce oH BbrHyx4eu 6un co3Harbcq H Aaxe [oKa3a,]r yAocroBepeuue tI.K. lloc,le ero /'rr.rKBuAauE4 HaM yAaJrocl noftuars B Jrecy eue AByx Sn,repon ss QK H raKxe wx JiHKBLtArrpoBarb. t{epes qac Ha xyrope nogBHJII.ICb eIUe rreTblpe Tr{[a, npl 3aBfl3anureficn nepecrpeJrKe ABa r.r3 unx 6u"nz y6uru, oAHH paHeH, a oAHH y6exa;r. Bc.ne4 sa Hr{Mr,r nosBr{Jrocb eule oKoJro 50 ecaaHu-

Mn orseua.rlu pyx<efiHurr,r orHeM. Ber.r4y Ma,'roqr.rcJreHHocTH (Hac 6H,ro scero ceul ue.nosex) Mbr pelulrJrn ocraBl{Tb xyrop. flpo6noaacb r{epe3 Jrec, BoJrbHoo[peAeJrflrourufics MaKapoB 6r,r.n paHen B Hory, u, ue 6yAyur.r B cocrosHlrr4 r41rv, KoB, HaqaBrurax o6crpeJr xyropa Hg nyJreMeros.

npoAor'r)KaJI rrprrKpbIBaTb

HaIIIe

OTCTynr']eHUe, OTCTpe"rri{-

Baflcb r.r3 BrzHroBKu. Ey4yun oKpyxeH 6o,rtruesuraMr.r, oH xoreJr 3acrpe,rr.rrbcff, Ho B MoMeHT BblcrpeJra pyxefinax nyJrfl nonaJra n 6apa6aH HaraHa, JrerKo paHHB ero B rpyAb rr 3arHaB necs 6apa6aH eMy s 6e4po. On 6un yneseH 6o,rlrrreBuKaMra H noJroxeH noA crpaxeft e rropeuHyrc 6o.rrlHilIIY.

Tor? xe Hoqbro 6o,rlruesuxr npor.r3BeJru o6naey, oIIerrHB Becb ,'rec c xyropoM, Ho Mbr yx(e noKr.rHyJrH xyTop r.r B ry )Ke Horlb B xor[qecrse 12 qeJIoBeK npoIi3BeJII{ HalaAeHr]e Ha rropeMuyro 6oJrbHauy, y6HB qacoBbrx H yBe3r BoJrbHoonpeAeJrsloqerocr Maxapona. He nues BogMorr(Hocra ,'rer{rrTb efo Ha AoMy r.r3-3a nocTotHHbIX O6bIcKoB, MbI IrHCqeHIIpoBaJTH HalaAeHr{e Ha oAr.rH r.rg AoMoB Cyrracxor? y"lnqrr rr ocraBr.rJra efo Ha yJrr,rqe, npnrleM cropoxa 4onxHu 6u,rn

IloKa3arb, qro oH paHeH xax cly.rafiuuft npoxoxzft. On 6H,r oreesen e ArercaHApoBcKyro 6o,uunqy, rAe nprlBarAoueHr Kpanqon, npeAynpe)KAeuuufi HaMu, cKpbrr'r efo AoBo,'rbHo xapaKrepHbre paHeHufl. flpn uaneM 6ercree 6Hr y6ur urra6c-KarrnraH Bpy6neecrnfi, a ero 6par, nopyuur Bpy6"teocrufi cxsaqeH 6o,rluresnxawn H B Tor xe /teHb paccrpeJrsH tlpeseuuafiroft. IIIra6 Xaprx,oncxoro rrenrpa 6H,r cHoea flepeHeceH, Ha gTor pa3 B oALrH I{g cx!,rerroB ropoAcKoro x,ra46uu1a. [eHr noopyxeuHoro Bbrcry[JreHr,rn npn6nnxaJrcr c noAxoAoM qacreft .[,o6poeo.nrqecxoft apMnfl x ropo4y. ,[l,.nn cBfl,sn c HHMH rvrHOr,o 6u;m nocJraHbr npanoprrlHK Bfy6.nen_ ct<ufi n roHKep Cxpnnunxon. 3qjryaqan 6onluresnron ue XaplKoBa urJra noJrHbrM xo4ou. 9saryupoBaJrr.rcb BceBosMoxuue ura6u, ynpaBJreHHfl, cKJraAbr, yegxaJru KoMMyHucrbI I{ Hx ceMbu c 6o;lrurnn xo_ 165


6araxa. Boxga.il 6ttn sa6ur ye3xaloqnMu, Ha ttyrtrx roJInItJrtlcb rblcqqH 6onlruesllxoB, crpeMfiulnXcg ocraBrrrb ropoA. Mnoro 6nra HasHaqeHa rpynna reppopucToB c qeJrbro BocnpenflTcrBoBarb ulaHoMepHoft anaxya{uil

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flepouft x(e B3pbIB l0-rn QynroBoro nHpoKcLIJIHHoBoro sapfl,p.a, c6p,oureuHoro c nepexoAnoro MocrLIKa, rIpoH3Be,'I

crparrruyro ttaHnKy Ha BoK3aJIe. PasAarl,Icb KpI'IKH <KasaKu!>>, no4nffJracb 6ecnopn4ouuan pyxefiHafi crpefib6a, e pe3yJrbrare xoropofi 6uno secro,lrbKo paueublx n y6nrux,

IITO BbI3BAJIO IIPUOCTAHOBKY gKBAKYAUHI,I NOqTI,I HA qAC AO HacrynJreHr.rq rtorHofo ycnoKoeHIiq. Taxux BapHaHToB 14 Heo)KlrAaHHux o6crperoe gBaKyllpynuruxcs KoMMyHHcroB 6H,'ro s pa3Hbrx Mecrax rop,oAa Ao 20, [puqeM c Haureft cropoHbI, 6;rano,qapa crpaIuHoft rIaHHKe, noAHnrraaerueftcq

raxAul:r pag, norepb ne 6u.tto. flpn anaryarrurr KoMeHAaHrclroro ynpaBJIeHHfl 6o.nrureBlrKaMr.r 6amu safiAeHH qerblpe 3HaMeH[ 69-ro nexornoro Psgascxoro noJrKa, B KoropoM q cryxlui nocJleAnee BpeMfl H Koropbre 6urn cnpnranbr MHoI,o Ha r{epAaKe KoMeHAaHrcKolo ynpaBJreHllff. flo uoeuy ttpnKagaHlito gTH 3HaMeHa 6rr.rln nox[ureHbr cuoBa rura6c-xanuraHoM flucagxo n nepenpsraHbr Ha qepAaKe Boponuoncxplx Ka3apM.

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Bna4y HerrocpeAcreeHHoft 6;rttgocrn qacreii .Il,o6pono.nlqecxoft apMHK BoopyxeHHoe Bblcryrlr'Ienlte MH,oIo 6u.no HasHaqeHo sa 9 Hrcus. C erofi ue,rblo usoto 6u.no [pLIKasaHo urra6c-xanuraHy 6e.roMy orKpbrrr SpoHr yBoAoM cBoero orpflAa c MepeQnnncKoro HanpaBJreHlla n XaprxoB, Boopj,rx{eHl.{e orpflAa AoJrxHo 6u,ro 6nrr [epeAaHo B Moe pacflopfl)r(euue. 3ro npr{KagaHue uru 6u;ro BbrrroJrHeno, npI.IrieM rro Aopore ero orpqAou 6uno ycrpoeHo [ofo,'IoBHoe Hs6ueuue Bcex BcrpeqHbrx eBpeeB H KoMMyHLIcroB, lIeM ero orpflA He3aMerHbrM o6pasorr.r 3aHI{MaJrcs u paHee. Kpovre Toro, oH paclpocrpaurrr'r cpeArr qacreii coceAseft c HHM Eanrrupcxofi AnsHsrau Becrb o npI4KaBe nepe6pocxu AIiBH3rur B Jlro6orus. O4uoopeueHHo c grlrM I-{eHrporu 6uno noc,qaHo noAr'ro>KHoe npuKa3aHlle Earuxupcxorl Atlsaslrtl o nepe6pocxe ee co craHunu MepeQa sa ,Ilrc6oruu. llepepue cBq3r.r 6naro4apn nopqe rereQouunx npoBoAoB orxoAf,rqr.rNr orpffAou EeAHoro He Aa.;r Bo3Mox<Hocrr Eaurxnpcroft

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B .o6utux qeprax [,{aH 3axBara ropoAa cBoAltilcs K B uaropnoft qacrn ropoAa' B napr(e, s CoronrnlrKax w Ha ropoAcKotvl r.laA6uue, Bce

c,'reAylouleMy. Co6panuiucb

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AynpexAeH HaMu, noroM na l{pesnuuaftHyto KoMIlcc}lto (Cyncxan, 82) H AoM Ha yJIHIre r{aftxoscKoro, tAe Haxo.[,I4.rIHcb Bce gaJloxHI{KII, l.l, oceo6oAI'IB I'lx, ltpo.l{o;-I)KaIor r.Brl)KeHHe e rny6r ropoAa AByMs KoJIoHIIaMH. Jleeas xor.-roHHa, gaHqB TexHo.[orlat{ecxnfi I]Hcr}ITyr l'{ BbIcorbl }laA peroft Xaprxos, o6ecne.I[saer nepe[paBbl qepeg peKy A/'Ifl orxoAa E3 rcpoAa B cJlyqae HeyAaqH B BocroI{HoM HanpaBJeHrrH AJrq BbIxoAa x Bo,rqaucKoMy rpaKry, tto KoropoMy 4o6pononluecKlle qacrw 6:st,nn y>xe B B-lttl nepcrax or ropona. llpaeafl KoJIoHHa, ABufascb BHyrpb ropoAa' AoxoAI.lT Ao cflHqutln pex Xaprxos t.l JIonaHb I'I yKpenJtrerctt B I].eHrpa.uruoii qacrtl fopoAa, ycraHoBI{B [porl4B MocroB nyr'lelvrerbr. flpu noAxoa-e x X-aprKoBcKoMy Mocry pa6ouue fla.poBo3ocrpoHTeJIbHofo 3aBoAa Bblcrynanr a 3axaplxoscxoii qacru ropoAa npn [,oAAepxKe rpyrnn, Aeftcrsyrculeit lla TexnororuqecKoro liHcrl{Tyra. 3arpenun sa co6oil raKIIid o6pasou noqrll Becb fopoA, orpsAbl opraHl{3aul{H npucryrralor K onepaqllflM uporliB BoK3aJIa n Xo.noAsoft ropbl' Ha xoropoft 6orlruesuxu ycraHoBLIJIH aprl{JIJIepIlIo AJIfl o6crpe.ra ropoAa ua c.nyuaft Boopyx(eHnoro Bblcryrlr'IeHlls. Ha c6opnnre nyHKrbI K paccBery 9-ro Nrcss npn6u.ilH: ue 2000 oQuuepou-27 (ra.x s rre 300 pa6ounx -280, B. B.). Hecuorpn Ha MaJIoqucJIeHHocrb npu6nnreKcre rurrx, q- Bce xe peuIUI Hal{arb BbIcry[JIeHI'Ie, I'I B I I t{acos yrpa, To ecrb B MoMeHT HaJIera KaBaJIepIrH Tonopxona la (l-ii Tepcroft AHeasuH) ua napr, KofAa cpeAn 6oalruesuKoB, croflBIIII{x Ha no3LIqLIH B SToM pafioue, noAHfl!'Iacb fiaHr,lKa, HanaJI Ha tlpesnuuaftnyrc KoMHccI'Ip Ha Cyrrlcxoft ynuue Nb 82. Kapayn gpesnuuaftKIl rocJle rpe6oeaunn pa6ouux oceo6o,u,urr apecroBaunux pas6exaltcfl, n MbI npIrcryIIHJIIl K ocao6oxAeHilIo 3aKJIIolIeHHbIx, Ho B 9To BpeMq areHTbI rlpeseuuafiKr.r ll ocraBlrlnecfl BepHbIMH eft xpacnoapuefiuu, 3aHrB aepxHufi grax< H Kpblury AoMa, orKpbIJII'I opyxeftHuit oroHb no pa6ounu n craJII{ sabpacunarb LIx pyqHbIMX rpaHaraMB. Pa6oque orBerIaJIIt H3 BHHToBoK Ir tI3 peBoJIbBepoB tr npucrynl{Jlll K lxrypMy AoMa. C nopasureJlbHblM o}KecroqeHr{eM 6Hnll sgsrH Bce qerblpe gTaxa H BblrlyuleHo oKoJIo 45 apecronaHublx, Ho B sro BpeMs [offBHJIcs 6poHenux, 167


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B ,rucre ocso6o>i(lesnux 6u,ra Mofl cecrpa, sa xoropofi 6u,ro opraHn3oBaHo rrpecJreAoBaHr{e Ha aeroMo6r.ule- so rJIaBe c cy4e6nuu cJreAoBareJreu gpesnurraftxw Lllannpo u noMoItIHr.rKOM KOMeHAaHTa KOS,'rOslrI4.

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Ba nbrraJrr{cb apecroBarb ee, y6na .qnyx pa6ouux; Ho 6yAyrru o6crpeJtflHbr oQuuepcxoft rpynnor?, orcrynarculeii :ro srofi xe yJrurre, Br,rHyxAeHbr 6unu cxpurucx, 6pocuB aBTouo6n.nr, 3axBaqeHHbrri gaun, tllo xacaercfl nopyqaxa /Ianesaca, ro ero BMecre c lopyqr.rKoM Kylnxoeurr,r lr eule qerbrpbMfl oQuqepaun nuBeJrH H3 noMeuleHur 9peesuvaliKrr. AJtfl, paccrpeJra. B sacroslqee BpeMfl_,rpy[ nopyqr.rKa JIaneHuca sar?AeH cpeAz npoqux x(eprB 9peaouuarlrr Ha qarixoscxofi y.nnqe, C 4eCffTbIO fBO3AflMI{ IIOA HOTTflMII H CO BCCMH BbIDBAHHbIMII 3y6aMr. Bnn4y HeyAarrr Hacryn.rreHufl Ha ropoA oQnqepcxan fpynfia 3aHflJIa xna46aqe, rAe craJla o)KHAart, rroAxoAa repueB. Ey4yurz o6napyxeHHbrMr{ KpacHoapnaeftqaMr,r, noMeiqaBrrIHMrrct r Ka3aprr,rax Aprun,repiaftcxnx KypcoB (EnapxraJrbnoe yun,rnule), uu BbrHy)KAeHbr 6Hnu s cocrase 32 qerroeex rroKr.{Hyrb x,ra46nrqi: u oroiirlr B napK. 3Aecl MbI y3HaJI[, qTO TepIIbI, COBepUptB HaJIeT, OTOITL'rH OT rO_ poAa Bepcr na 20. lloc,re orKpbrruff Harrrefo uecronpe6uBaHHr B ltaDKe uu c 6oeu ocraBHr'ru Irapr{ H x Hacryn,reHulo reMHoto 'sunflJrr.r cKaKoaofi unno4poNl. Ocrasarbcs Ha selr 6u.uo HeMbrc.rrHMo, ueo6xo4rauo 6u.no pacnbrJruITbcfl r.r pacceqrbcfl rIo ropoAy. BHc.[ae pa3BeAKy, fl y3HaJr, rrro Bce yJrra[u neperopox{eHbr [arpy,'rflMu r.r upoftru B ropoA 6yaer HeMbrc_ Jrr.{Mo. TorAa q perxnr'rcfl Ha [.ocJreAHee cpeAcrso. Bgge sHa_ Mfl c HaAflIlcblo <<Aa 3ApaBcrByer Kortrrtaynucruqecxaft I4HrepuaquoHaJr>>, pa3BeBaBrrreecfl HaA I4nnoApoMoM, q, BbIcTpOI.IB.BCIO KOMa.HAy, C paccBeroM HanpaBr.rr,rcf B ropoA rro rnaeHori yJrHrIe (Cyucxori), nplrqeM rrpr oflpocax, sHas or3blB ll nooflycK, Mbr orBeqaJrr.{, qro HAeT vJrv, Oco6ufi or_ pfl.l r4JrH orpsA oco6oro HasHaqeHr.rfl, ulru Ae>KypHnrri nsaog, r.IJrH cMeHriBlLrafl.Cf. c AexypcrBa 3acTaBa. Boftas B rleHrp ropoAa, fl 3aHq,r o6qexurue Vunnep_ c[TeTa, corHaB B OAHy KOMHaTy BCex Xr.rBtrrHx TaM eBpeeB_ KoMMyHr.rcroB-cryAeHToB, a caM c nopyqfiKorrl Cxpnnnnxo_ BbIM H Bo,rrbHooflpeAeJrflrorqlrMca B. EropoBbrM HarrpaBHJrcr. 168


B

<<.IIOHAOH>>, tAe cTOgJI OTpgA OCO6O|O HaSHau, corHaB B oAHy KoMHary oKoJro B0 6Hsuux raM

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3aHflB xaxue-uu6yAb AoMa, npeLIMy[IecrBeHHo Ha fJaBHbrx y,'ilr(ax, fl B,'rrlouluxcg ualr6onee Ba>KHbrMH a prep r{s Mrr np }r orxoAe 6o.llrueszxoB, Haqarb o6crpe,r orxoArru_utx uacreii, rrpeHMyrqecTBeHHO aprr.iJrr'replr14.

FIeueA.neuHo 3a HaMr.r 6u,ra opraHr{3oBaHa rroroHs B cocraBe 6pouenuxa <<Apreu>> u 120-130 KoHHbrx, Koropafl npoMrlaJ'racb MHMo Hac no coceAHeli napa,r,re;lHoii yruue, yBJreKrxucb [pecJeAoBaH[eM cayqafiuo npoexaBruux KaBa,tleprcron-6o,rbtrleBnKoe. Btexae B JIec ry' Coxo,rtunxoB. rITo -suanlrlo

ceBepHee Xaptxoea, uu, 6naro4apn l"{ecrHocrti, npo6panllcl no He6o,rlruuM TponHHKaM B rtul 6o,rturegNKaM, 3aHHMaBIuHM IIo3HuIIn Ha Bblcore ce,ra Eo,rlruag LaHHJroBKa, gaKo[aB B Jrecv 17 nvneMeros.

Vcranoszs B rbrr'ry y xypcaHroB H KoMeHAaurcxoft porbr, 3anr4MaBlrrrx sry ir03Hqr.rrc, l0 ny"tenreron, R npuxasa,r oTxpbrrb ofoHb H3 HHX, np'or.r3Be,u,fl oAHOBpeMeHHO KOHHyTO 2,0 oSlruepoB Ha oAHH rr3 Qnanron arori rpyniu. lfaxy Cpeau 6o;iluesrxoB noAHqract Heeoo6pasuMaq nauuxa,

il B H€CKO/rtbr(o MHHyT OHH OCTaBI.III{ nOSHIIUrc, CKpbIBIII[Cb B ,llecy u 6pocun Ha [od're 6os Ao 20 y6urux u paueHux.

llpoexan ceo6oAHo rrepe3 ceJ'ro, Mbr [pucoeAuHr{.n}1cb B qacrflM l-ft Konuoft Tepcxofi ArrBHsHrr, _EopueBKa K

ce,'re

ocno,6oAns tto Ao?ore oAHoro noftuannoro KpecrbqHaMn ce,ra .t{epxaccxue Tnruxu Ka3aKa, paccrpeJrtB npr.r 3roM Mecr-

Hrrft ucno;lHnrenrnufi KoMr.rrer xotu6e.u. He.cn,torpa Ha ro, qro ropoA-yxe 6n.n'3aHrr 4o6pono.nr15,

IraMH 6orlrues[xx [poAoJr)KaJrr{ cr{Aerb noa Eb"rrturoft ,lf,aHxronxoir, co6upaxcb yxoAnrb na,ll,epravu-Irc6orHs. ATaKOBaB HX B KOHHOM CTpOTO npH noAAepx(Ke nyJreMeTOB, r69


fl

c6HJr I4x c nogl.tqrlu 14 o1parLIJI B 6ercrBo, norepffB ttpu aroii arare rrerbrpex y6urux Ia oAHoro paHeHofo. Boitas B ropoA, fl [pucoeAI.IHI,IJIcs K qacrsM 3-fi nexorHori Ansusnn. flocle sa*fl.rtfl ropoAa pa6ora [eurpa npoAoJrxaJIacb B AeJIe KoHrppa3BeAKI{, rlpilr{eM oQnuepault I-leHrpa 6u.ru saAep)KaHbI r npenpoBo)KAeHbl B pac[opfl>r{eHHe HaqaJrbHI,rKa

Jleryqefo nyHKTa l(onrppaseeAblBa-

re,'rbHofo orAeJIeHHff feHepaJI-KBaprupueiicrepa lllra6a .[,o6ponolrqecrofi apMHI{ [oJIKoBHI'IKa'Il{yuxuua 4o 300 Br.iAHbrx 6orrrueeuroB, ocraBllluxcff B Xaplxone AJIfl noAno,raHoft pa6oru. B nacrosqee BpeMfl ura6 I{eutpa B cocraBe nopyqttxa CxpHnHnnoBa, npa[opqnxa Pu6ara, ura6c-rannrana fllrcauKo, flpanopqr.rKa MaxapeuKo H npafiopulllKa Bpy6lencKofo BpeMeHH,o npHKoMaHALIpoBaH x XaprroBcKoMy KoHrppa3BeAbrBareJlbHoMy orAe,reHHIo. OcranlHrte oQnuepi,r I{eurpa lt'oA KoMaHAofi rura6c-t<attllraHa Ee4uoro cocraB[JrH KaBaJrepwitcxuir orpsA B cocraBe AByxcor xoneii, HeMeAJreHHo BbrcrynuBlllrfi Ha Qpour. BonrHooupeAensrcuuftcx MaxapoB yMep s ArexcaHAponcxofi 6o.llsnue or 3apaxeHLIfl KpoB[ B AeIIb Bcry[r'IeHr{ff B ropoA qacrefi ,Il,o6pono.rrt.Iecxoll apNII4I.i. Haqantuurc Xaporcoacrcoeo Qenrpa P as aed or.aar ertbHoeo orden enun U r a6 a n qe Ho rco rtan} g rcuqe e o

f

Boopgcterunotuu Cunanu rua IOee Poccuu If onrcoenurc IB H fY EC KH I'1.

t g6AtIKO

Anaro;rnfi EnreHresrq (1879-1941) 6Hsrxfifi KanfiTaH (us oQurlepoe BoeuHofo Bpeneurr), u;reu trapruu 6omuresuxos c l9L7 r.; c Qenpa.nn 1919 r. KoMaHAoBa,,'r lpynnoft norlcr xaprxoecxoro Ha-

BoeHcneu,

npaB,reHHt, B anpe!'Ie-Mae 1919 r.- KoMaH,(ytol0{,uir 2-it Vxpauucxofi cosercxofi apurefi, no3AHee cJlyxr{ir na IOroBocroqsoru t.r Kaexascrol4 Qpourax; penpeccupoBan (Hslue - 2 pea6rr.nurnponan). Peqr, uAer o co0tlrfitx 3-5 Hro,rq l9l7 r., qsllsur{xcr pe3ynbraroM oqepe,IHoro Kpl.r3l-rca Bpeuennoro rrpaBrrre,'rbcrBa

u

BbIJrr.{BIIIIrxcq

paqfilr noA,'Io3ynroM

B 500-tucsqsue

aer{oHcr-

Bracrb Coserau!>, npuqerl aKTrzBHoe yqacrxe g co6Htrqx npI.rHI,IMaJIIr H Boopyxeurrbre Boeuubre. B xoae cto.nrHoBenufi B gru aHH norn6,no <<Bcs

paneuo 560 ,Ieroser. 3 BeHrepcraa Coeercnas pecny6,ruxa 6n;la nponosr.rarueHa 8(21) rr,rapra 1919 r., a y>xe B anpene cro,lK-

56

r.r

Hynacb

c

HHTepBeHur{efi pyMblHcKux H qexoclloBaqKnx lpocyu{ecrBoBa.{a

soficx. CoeercKas BJracrb n Beurpuu Ao 19 nrc.ns (l anr;cra) 1910 r. 170


4 AHTOHOB-OBCEEHKO B;ra4nuup A,nexcan,qpoa3 uau6olee KDvnHbrx co- oAHH Bercr(Hx pyKoBoArrreneii nepuoaa Orra6pn ir- .pu*4uncxorl aofinu, qneH napruu 6omileslxos c uioHrr l9l7 r. (s PCAPTI c 1903 r.); a annape-uroHe lglg r. Kolrau.u,osarr VrpauHcKr.rM QpoHTolr, 6u,n qJreHor{ PeesoeHcosera Pecny6ar.rrn, Cosera o6oponu yCCP, no3AHee lra pa3!'ruqHoro poAa aAMlrHrrcrparuruoft, noaurnuecxofi, gun,roMarirqecrofi pa6ore; peflpeccr4poBau (nunc pea6n.rH-

auu (1883-1939)

-

rupoBaHJ.

5 II,ITTI,IC Bna4nuup ilkxafiuonnq (1881-1938)

BoeHc[eq,6bIsutrfi norKoBHnK; KoMaH.qoBan soficxaMu

naAHoro

u

KoMaHAHETe

B

flHBape-il]o.rre l9l9 -r. no3Auee 3a-

lOxsoro Qponra,

KagxascKoro QpoHron, 3aHlluaJr pi3JrfrrHbt€

Aonxuocrl; penpeccfipoBau (ur,ruc

nrrTi{poBaHr.

-

pea6u-

TPOUKII (Eponurref,n) JIes ,(ann4oruv Hs goxAefi 6onruresHcrcroi nap- oAnH rnu u CogercKoro rocyAapcrBa nepro,4a rpax4ancxofi BoftHH, q.rren PCAPII(6) c aarycra 1917 r. (e coqua,'r-AeMoKparuqecKoM ABrxeHr.ru c I 897 r.) ; r I 9l &- I 924 rr. HapKoMBoeHMop u c cenrr6pa 1918 r. flpe.4ce;1are,rr PcaBoegcoBera Pecny6.ruxu, ,r,IeH florur6npo UK 6o.lr,uteBI.tKoB; no3,u,Hee-Ha a,[MLIHHcrparr-rano-xosgficrgenlofi pa6ore; s 1929 r. BbrcJrar ng crpaHbr; <JrI.rr(BHArrpoBaH)) B 6

(1879-1940)

Mexcnre cerperHlrM areHroM HKBA CCCP. 7 Pe'n u,(er o npaBurenbcrse 3anaAno-Vxpauucxoii pecny6ruxu, npoBo3rnarxeHsofi l9 orrn6pa (l Hor6pn)

l9l8 r.

Bo JIbBoBe u BKJuoqaBureft repuropurc Bocroquofi u 3axapnarrr, pauee Bxo,{lrBlr-ryn B cocraB Ascrpo-Benrpuu. flapnxcxaq MIrpHat xoll$epeHquq orKpr,Inacb 3(16) anrapr 1919 r. c yqacrnell ,r,c-

fa;ruquu, Eyronunn

srofi

pecny6;rHKIr, oAHaKo no,'rarrrrrecKar He3araK r He 6u,ra. 6olee roro: KoHQepenur.rn l3(26) nroua l9l9 r. oSuqna,rruo ynoilHolro-

.lterar1uu

BHcHMocrb ee npn3naHa

ux.na

I

floluruy Ha 3aHtrne Bocroqxoft farr.rqun. APAJIOB Ceiren llsauosrq (1880-1969)

Bo-

eHcneq, 6Heufift rura6c-xannrau (ns oolruepoB BoeHHoto

npenexu), ruleH naprnu 6onbruesuros c l9l8 r. (r counaJr-AeMoxparnqecroM AB[xeHr.r[ c 1903 n.), a onncr,IBaeMoe BpeMt

,uIeH PegsoeHcoeera Pecny6anru, aoetl-

xoM flo,resoro -urra6a PBCP, uaqanbnllK Pa3BeAynpaB.'IeHnR flonegoro lura6a; no3AHee Ha pa3J'II{qHbIx Ao!'Ix(HocBOeHHblX, aAMIrllIlCTpaTUBHblx, AlIIIflOMarHqecKilx, TfiX pa6ore. HayqHofi e BAUETIIC lfoaxnn lloaxnuonn,r (1873-1938)

6Hsulllfi fenepalruoro ulra6a no,lroaHux;-B up;le l919 rr. r./IaBuoKoMaH.q,yrcuufi BoopyxenHn,uu -Curauu Pecny6.nurn, sareu pa6ora.l n PBCP, 3aH!.rMad'tct BoeHHo-neAarorirqecrofr ,(eflTeJrb-

BoeHcneq,

cesra6pe l918

Hocrbro; penpeccupoBau (unue-pea6l,tnurupoBan). to IIQIBOtrCKHE Hnxo.rrafi H,runq (1880-1948) .oArrn n3 pyKoBoAxrenefi Oxrr6prcrioro Boccrautlfl s nerporpaAe;

s PCAPII-c l90l r.; B onlrcblBaeMoe BpeMfl

l?r


qreH PBCP, npeaceAareal Bnc(.uo ceurx6pn 1919 r.) - PKKA, HapKoMBoeHMop VCCP; ruefi soegHoft uHcneKqlrfi lo3AHee Ha pa3Jrr.rgHbrx BoeHHo-aAMr.rgncTpaTuBHt{x Aon}KHocrrx, naprnfiuoft u cogercroft pa6ore. 't MEXJIAyK Barepufi llsanosnq (1893-1938)

H

BLTttycKHHK r.rcroplrro-Qunod'rornqecKoro

-

ropflAr.rrlecKoro

Qary;rrreroa Xapuxoecroro yHI.rBepcnrera, trJreH naprr{u

6omureguxos c urc.rrr l9l7 r. (o peno.nnqnogHoM ABrl)Kec 1907 r,); a ouucuBaeMoe BpeMs - saMnapKoMa Ha pa3rro BoeHHHM r{ MopcKr.rM .u,erau VCCP, [o3Asee

uuu

I{

JII.IIIHbIX KOIT{AHAHHX, AAMHHIICTPATI,IBHbilX

Aon)KHocrrx; penpeccspoBau (nune

IIOJIIITUqCCKI,IX

pea6nnarnpoaau).

p MAXHO Hecrop Hnanosnq (1889-1934)

oAuH rig pyKoBoAurenefi xpecmancroro [oBcraHqecKoro ABHx(eHr.rr nepHo,[a rpax4aucroft BofiHbr, axapxucr. B

Qenpane l9l9 r. Bor{HcK[e qacru Maxno BoruJrn B cocras 2-fr Vxpauucroft Cosercrofi apMnr.r B ra.{ecrse 3a-

4uenpoacroft 6puraAn, a sareM 7-ft Vrpauuoror? Ar.rBn3un, B Mapre-Mae BeJrr{ 60lt Ha yqacrKe Mapnyno;rr-Bo.nnoBaxa, a l9 Maq, 6yayvu pas6nru AeHr.rKHHuaM[ 6exaru c Qponra, Bucryru.rB uepes l0,quefr nporuo Cogercroi B,lacrt-r, sa qro 8 nnus l9l9 r. MaxHo u ero npn6ru)KeHHHe 6HJrrr o6raereHbl BHe 3aroHa. B 1920 i. cos-

MecrHHe AeficrB[r c Kpacuofi apuueft upornB 6e;rornapAefiqee sogo6gonr-urucr. Vuep B aMnrpaqur. 13

n l917

KyTEIOB A.nercan4p llarrosrq (1882-1930) n. no,'rxoBnr.rx ;refi6-raapAuu flpeo6paNeucKoro no.rr-

Ka, B ornrct{BaeMoe BpeMf, - reHepan-neftrenanr, KoMaHAr.rp I-ro apueficroro Kopryca ,[,o6poao;rwecKofi apMHr{, BKJrrcqaBruero sau6olee 6oecnoco6nue noficxa; no3AHeeneuepan or unQanrepuu, rn.qunfi Aeqrenb 6eroft eurrparIuH,

c

1928

r.

Bo3n.rraBJrfl,'r Pyccxr.rft o6qeBor.iHcKr.rft corca, BbrBe3eH Ha Po-

6un noxuuren anegraMrr Ofni/ CCCP lr AHHy, yMep B nyrn 6,rus Honopoccaficra.

TOIOPKOB A,rercan4poanu Ceprefi s l9l7 r. B qrHe rrorrKoBHHKa KoMaHAoaa,r Tarapcrr{M KoHHbrM noJ'tror{ <<,{,uroft AHsu3un>. C l9l8 r. Ha pa3nnqnbrx KoMaHAHbrx Aod'rxHocrrlx B apMr.rrx reuepan.[,enrruna u Bpanre,rn, B onr.rcbrBaeMoe BpeMfl uaiiop. flosaHee KoMaHAoBa;r 4-ru Ky6aucxuru -raea,repaft'4 (1880-1931)

cKr.rM Kop[ycoM, cBoAHbrM rana,reprficrnM KopnycoM, 6brJr npoLIgBeAeH reuepa,r-refiTeHaHTr,r. Vuep n gMurpaqlrfi.

r

t5 3ac;ryra B3trur Xaprxoaa B gHarrr.rrerbHofi crenesn

npHHaane)Kana ap03AoBrIaM BoHHaM 2-ro O.bflqepcroro crpenKoBoro noJIKa 3-fi -nexornofi Ar-rBr.r3IrH relrepa,'Ia .4,posAoacxoro. Bcxope noc,'re 83rrlrr Xaprrona norK etor 6u.n pa3BepHyr B rpexnonroByrc (sarelr qerbrpexno;rxoayrc) AHBH3uro, Koropar e orrn6pe l9l9 r. no,'ryqI,t.rra HauMeHoBaHHe

cKoro nuBH3r.Jt.

3-a crperxonar

FeHepaJra,Il,pos4or-


fihqHbtE aPxHEbl

B. A.

noccE

Or Oeepone $o Epecro BOCIIOMHHAHI,Iq

Hrtrq B.na4unl.rpa A.nexcaH4ponnua llocce ( 18641940), BHAHoro x(ypHanucra, H3AareJIs, AeqreJlfl peBonnrlHoHHoro r,r KooneparltBHoro Annxenufr, B HaqaJle BeKa c noxeaflofi 3ByqaJIo H3 ycr JI H. To.rrcroro, A. If. 9exosa. H. A. Bynnna r{ Apyrnx BblAarcIql,txcs coBpeMeHH[IKoB' a HbIHe oKa3aJrocs s sa6eennn. [IogteAHee LtsAaHne Eo,nruofi Cosercxofi aHqrKnoneAHH Aaer 6xorpaQnuecKyn cnpaBKy Jlr{[rb o ero crapueu 6pare, KoxcranrnHe AlexcanApoBHqe, aKaAeMr{Ke-MareMarnKe, Aa H ro c ourn6oqngu 3HaKoM yAapeHr.rfl n Sauurnn Ha nocneAHufi cuor, uem npu4a,no efi xecnoficrsennoe $panqy3cKoe aryuanne.' Eaponu r,r npa$u llocce I{3BecrHbI n lllseqrr c XIV nexa. Pyccxas BerBb r{x reHeaJlorilqecKoro ApeBa npolrgpocna or rJreHeHHoro llerpom I useAcxoro o$nqepa ll He yKparxeHa rrryrou. Bna4umup llocce poAHJIcr 10 Mac 1864 r. B HoBropoAcxofi yca4r6e llerponcKoe, MexAy Eoponnuamn u Vrlosxofi, y HbrHeIIrHeft xelegnoAopoxnofi ctanqnn KopcaKoBKa. Ero oreq, A,nexcan4p <De4oponnu llocce (18271867) - ilHxreHep, npoeKrltpoBaJl H crpoHJI xeJIe3HbIe Aoporu. A.lexcang,p II sa nepecrpofixy nerep6yprcxoro [oqTaMra no)KaJroBaJr eMy opAeH Cs. CraH[cilasa 2-fi creneHH c r{Mrreparopcrofi xoponofi. B nocleAnufi roA csoeft roporrofi xuonrr on 6ur 6oponnucxllM yeoAHbIM npeABoAI{rereM ABopcHcrBa. Marr, Elneanera fxosresHa, ypo)KAeHflas KosasHlrHona (1830*1904) - nomeulnqa, noroMoK nerpoBcKoro apana A. II. fannudata. Maa4uufi I{3 luecreIlo4roronra rexcra H. A. fiocce I B. K). 9epunena, I0. {epnnera.

Bcrynn-

TeJrbuar crarbfl Ir rouuexraptfi B.

r73


pHx AeTeft, B. A. llocce, c renJrorofi rcnomunaJr AomarxHero yqlrrenc, cryAenTa-ueAnxa M. E. ,Il,epxanr.rHa, 3ereM apecroBaHHoro Ba nponaraHAy cpeAn pa6ouux. l4nresxo on u nplrBHn X)HoMy ABOpcHnHy HHrepec K HayKe, fli{reparype H qyBcTBO HeOnJrarHOrO AOJ|ra r{HreJrJrnreHqHu nepeA Ha-

poAoM.

Cy4r6a qeApo Aapnna B.

A.

Ilocce Apy)K6y

aroAefi

cpKHX TaJTaHTOB, HO 3aTeM.qaCTO pa3BOAHra no pa3Hbre cropoHbr. C orpouecrsa 6un ox 6rrsor c It. E. Crpyne, qbH ABa crapulrx 6para x(eHr{Jrncb Ha cecrpax llocce. B r[MHa3HH Apyxnn c 6parrnun XpanoenqxnmN. OAnH lls nnx, Alexcefi, cral Als Q. M. ,ll,ocroencKoro npoo6pasom Aueruu Kapartraaoaat a B r.rcropln Bouefl MlrrponoJr;rroM

Auronueu, BbIAarcqHMcff AecrereM npaBocJraenn, crofixnu MoHapxncroM, noqerHbtM qJreHoM <Copaa pyccKoro HapoAa),

nepBbrM rJraBoro eMnrpaHrcKofi Pyccrofi npaBocJraBHofi uepx-

stl. B llerep6yprcxou yHuBepcnrere nprsre!'rcMn 6u.nn q. _Q. _BoloBosoB, Qparrn C. O. u O. <D. O.rr4eu6ypr, B. _4. Bepna4crnfi, B. B. Crrrnlonuu (8. Bepecaer) n-!p. Hecnpane4.nHBocrb n 6esnpancrBeHHocrb aByqalH cHHoHnMon{ Anq HapoAHHKoB-ceMHAecflrHr.tKoB. Or nnx BocnpnHcJ B. A. Ilocce grnqecKoe rpe6onanne coqnalrnofi cnpa-

BeAJruBocrr{, BepV n rpr4yrqnft corIHaJr{BM KaK Bo[JroueHr{e a6co.rnrnux HpaBcrBenHbrx rrpHHqnrroB, HpaBcrBeHHoe Bo3BbrureHne Hapo.qa. l7 noadpt 1886 r. on 6un cpeAu saqr{HrrlHKoB cryAeHrrecKofi 4euoncrpaqfifi y Bo.nxoncxoro KnaA6nula n naMcrb H. A. ,tlo6po.nro6osa, a b Hnnq 1887 r.. sa 3HaKoMcrBo c A. H. Varnnon6uu, M. B. Hoeopyccxnrrr,

6paruxruu Bouecrasom n IOseQou IIn,lcyAcxuMH, npilqacrHbrMlt K noAroroBKe y6nficrna A.nexcan4pa lll, 6HJl xsrHaH MHHHcrpoM npocBeuleHur rpaQom H. A. ,ll,e;lrnonum H3 yHr{Bepc[TeTa H BbICJIaH r{3 CTOJtHTIbt 6es npana )r(HreJrbcrBa B yHilBepcuTercKnx ropo4ax.2 fo4 cnycrn B. A. Ilocce Bce x<e cAaJr eKaaMeHH Ha KaH4HAara npaB, Ho u3-ga rfl)r(xofi douesHu nepeofi xeHH, Alercang,pu HnaHosHbr, peur.tJr crarb Bpaqonr. Vqnrcs s llapnxe, 6epne, llene, Opefi6ypne, neurxom ucxo4u,r Erpony, neqaraq B Poccnn nyreBHe oqepKn. Jlero u oceHb 1892 r. oH npoBeJr B caMapc_Kofi rlyruu, orKyAa AoKropa c6exa,nn fiocJre (xonepHbtx 6ynm>. Ceorc me4nuuHcxylo npaKTrrKy rr )t(rrgHb raM oH on]tcaJt B KHHre <Ha xo.ilepe>.3 Ona npnnecna n[reparypHyro HsBecrHocrb rf noxBaJru JI. H. Toacroro n A. II. tlexosa. 3aulnrue no Opefi6ypre AoKropcr(yrc AnccepTaqHK), B. A. Ilocce craJr JreqHrb KocrpoMcKHx KpecrbcH H yqnn ux 4erefi, nora He BosHHK xons.nnxr c uecrHbtM[ BIacTf,MH n AyxoBeHCTBOM. 174


:..;ii*trifr

B. A. llocce c ceuoeli s .Ilecuorvr. flerporpa,t, cep. 1910-x rr. Crosr B. A. flocce n cltu B,raAlnll{p, Ha cryr'Ic - )rielra

- Huro,{acBrra. v eti uor Ceprefi A;irua - lrcbrHoBbq (c neryxorri n pyxax) flerp. @oro lrg apxr.rBa l{. A. Iocce. fIy6,'rur<yercrr BrrepBble.

llepeexan n IIerep6ypr, oH craJr nafiqlrKoM-yqpeAnrereM H3BeCTHOTO KHr{fO[3AareIbCKOrO TOBapr{qeCTBa <3HaHHe>,

peAaKTopoM B HeM KHnr no l,Icropr,rn u coqnoJrornn I,| qJreHoM peAaKqnft pe4a x(ypHaJroB. B <<O6paooBaHI.Ilr)) oH olKI{Br{Jr nnreparypHbrri or.rl,efl, B <HoBoM cJroBe> BeJr llHocrpaH1/D


HOe O6O3peHHe H COAeftCTBOBaJT sBoJrrcqr{H X(ypHaJra OT HeO-

HapoAHr.rqecrBa

K

MapKcHaMy.

3a B. A. [Iocce raM noc-

II. 6. Crpyre, M. l,l. Tynan-Eapanoncxufi, C H. Eyrraxon H noA nceBAoHnMaMr{ f. B. llJrexanon, B 14.

BrrJrlrcb

Jlennn, tO. O. Mapron, A. H. Ilorpecon, B. M. tlepnon. Xypnanncrcxyn cJraBy B. A. fiocce o6pen n <.Xngtu.t>. Sror xypHan oH BogrJraBn.r r 1898 r. HenJracno, nBsa csoefi noflflTilqecKofi ne6nanoHaAe)r(Hocru. a Sneprun n saeuAnufi aap B. A. Ilocce cnJraqr.rBarb BoKpyr ce6s raJraHrbr npeo6paeuu saHyAHbIft xypnan Aac ceMefiHoro qreHHc B nonyncpHoe npoqBerarcqee n3Aanne. TyAa nepeuJrtl MapKcncrcKne aBrophr rr3 3aKpbrroro qeHsypofi <Hoeoro cJIoBa> H neqarar[cr A. Il. 9exon, I,I. A. Eyunn, JI. H. An4peen, K. A. Earunaonr, 3. H. funnuyc, B. Bepecaen, JI. VxpaxnKa, A. H. OscsHnro-Kyruxoncrnfi u B nepeBo-

f. faynruaH, I(. faucyH, P. Kunrunr n ap. HrueHHo B. -A. Ilocce orKpbrJt raJraHr M. l'oplroro, BBeJt MoJtoAoro Hr{xeropoAcKoro nncareJrs B nnTeparypHble KpyrH croJrH-

Ae

rlbr, noMon n3Aarb eMy nepByn KHt,lry. [enoypnufi Meq cMepreJrbHo cpa3nJr <Xn3nr>> nocJre yqacrltfl B. A. Ilocce, M. foprxoro, K. Ealruoura H Apy-

rux xtraHeHqeB B cryAeHqecKofi Aemoncrpaqr{H 4 uapra l90l n. y Kasancxoro co6opa H B orKpbrroM nncbMe npo-

recra npoTlrB sBepcroro ns6nennfl ee nonnqnefi n Ka3aKaOr6Hs Mecf,q n <Kpecrax> rr AoMe npeABapnreJrbHoro 3aKJlnqenr{n, B. A. Ilocce 6Hl nuc,naH Hs croJrnrlbr H peIuHJI gMxrptlpoBarb, ,tro6u Bo3poAHTb <XxgHr> Ha BoJIb-

nan.

HOM CTAHKC.

B Anr.rnn BoKpyr Hero cJroxn,nacl Coqnan-AeMoKparr{qecKar opraHrsaq[c (XH3Hb>: B. A. EoHv-Epyenfiq, cynpyrr f. A. x M. A. Kyrlnnu, crapbre xreneHqbr B. f. Mypunor n M. C. Epmo,naer, roncroBerl KHfl3b ,[. A. Xn.lKoB. oAr.rn u3 ocHoBare,refi Jlaruurcrofi CAPII O. A. PosHH, ecep xypHaflr{cr A. M. Cocxuc (Carypnu) u Ap.t C opraHH3aqr{efi 4pyxecrn corpyAHnqar}r oanpaHHqHbre npeAcraBHreJrn nnC (Ilonrcxofi coqr{aJrucnrqecxofi naprnn), Jlaruurcxofi CAPI|, Bceo6ulero enpeficxoro pa6oueno coIo3a B Jlnrne, Ilo,nuure n Poccnn uEynAn. Qon1 Bo,nruofi pyccxofi npecchl6 4a.n cnofi upuQr, npnnaAJrexasurfi A. H. l'epqeHy. TunorpaQnn noMeqaracb Ha oKpa[He JIoH4ona, KoHropa peAaKqHH s JlarrlrcKoM KBaprane lfapnxa, noA xpuuefi peAaKrlr{n -x(ypHana <JIe Myruan Coqrsuxcr>. PeAaKropoM xs6pa,nn B. A. tlocce. Ha AeHbrH Kyrunnux x A. A. Bucoqxoro rsAanll 8 nouepon xypHana <fn3nb>, 12 <Jlncrxon Xusnu>, 20 6pournp. B nux neqararncb rtreHuI opraHtrsaqnu, a raKxe A. Ee6ear, K. Kayrcrufi, M. Bnr, 176


rHx, 9. BaH4epre,lrAe, fl. JlarapAear l,| ApyrHe 3anaAHble coqiraancru; i. Faynruan npeAocraBnn ApaMy <<TKaen>, paccKa3H; BnepBble 6ul ony6.nnKoBan cAeJIaHO. Mup6o pyccxlfr nepeBoA <llnrepnauuonufi ciylenrdu -crasilnfiA. Koqempoccnfi cxofi coqllaJl-AeMoKparl'lll ; nIrMHoM HaJIa>, vBilreJIIr cBeT npHcJIaHHHe I'13 Poccun coqnHeHnq B. F. Tau"Eo.opaea, C. l'1. fycera-Opeu6yprcxono, f. A. fa'nnHoil (SfiHepnrnt), K. C. EapanueBllqa u Ap.; npeAaBaJIHcb or-

JracKe camopaao6aaqureJlbHble ceKperHble AoKyMeHrbI uapu3Ma; noMeuraJlncb <XpoHuxa pa6o,vllx sorHeHnft I'l craqeK>>'

xpoHr{KH penolrcquoHHofi 6opr6u B qapcrBe llorrcrou, Jlamnn, AesreJlbHocrn <Eyn4a>r cBeAeHHr o noJII{rHqecKItx yBH lI Kax. C nonroqrn ceKTaHroB-IIIryHAltcroB n crapoo6pqlqeB-HeKpacoBIIeB rlo 3apocul{M KaMbllltoM nporoKana AyHafl H r|HbIM]l nyrflMl't OpraHHSaq[f HeJIeraJIbHo nepenpaBl{-

ra n TVPH. -

Poccnrc 6o,nee 120 ny,qos peBonloqqonnofi nurepa-

CrperaaeHue sXusun> racuTb pa3Aop n poccnficxo! corrlraJl-AeMoKparlrn BbI3bIBaJIo pagApaxeHne tpynn-.<Ocso6oxAenue rpyAa> u <Hcxpa>. l'. B. IlaexaHos rafiHo na-

-H. flenr.rna rpernponaru <XnsHb>' Ho oH tf noAAaJIcs, xorfl I{ cqnraJl ee JlerKoMblclennofi nepryurrofi" H nce xe o6a nJIeJII{ I'IHTpI'lry c qeJIbIo oBJIaAerb AeHbraMH F. A. Kyx.rluna. T B 1902 r. n XeHese f. B. [IlexaHoe o6nopoxl'I.n B. A. llocce, He Be,qaBuero o6 HHrpilre' ll yroB-opnn crarb qJIe-

ycbKnBan B.

HoM-yipeAHreJIeM Mapxcucrcxoro xny6a. C6.nnxrenne BcKor

pe o6epny.lrocb orxo.ttoM B. A. Ilocce or coqlrar-AeMoKparnll. Orro.nxnyla aBropltrapHocrb ee poccnftcKnx Box(4efi, nx pe[rlMocrb nocJle B3srng BJIacrH JIIIIIIHTb 6ypxryasnn na6nparearnux npaB, pagorHarb napJlaMeHT' ecJII{ ero cocraB craHer nouexofi, orpaHnqnrb cro6o4y cJroBa H HenpnKocHoBeHHocrb lnqnocnr. f. B. Il.nexanon ronAa Aax(e cyJrHJr, cJIeAyr Po6ecnrepy, coopyAt{rb rI{JIborHHy-y XasaHciroro'co6oda Ans qapr tl ero npucJly]I(Hl'rxos.8 oAnaxo

B. A. Ilocce BHAeJI B nponerapcroft penolrcqnn cpeAcrBo HpaBcrBeHHono o6HosJteHxc o6qecrBa Ha HaqaJlax cno6o-

orqa Kaneutnxa, Trepa npoflerapnara' I{- orBepraJl reppop. llyru penourcqnn Anc Heto npoJlerar qepes Henoemon-eHue-qapcxofi BJIacrH, nceo6ulyn cratlKy pa6ourx, nepexoA Ha Hx cropoHy apMHu n yHHqroxeHHH BOHHCKOI| AHcqr{nIHHbl, npeAocTaBJIeHIre npaB Ha HaqnoHaJIbHOe CaMOonpeAeJreHHC rDxnlnnp,uN, [Ioluue, Vxparxe, Karxaey BnJrorb Ao orAeneHus or Poccnn. H nyrr gror BIlAeJIcs 6es KpoBlr, xasHefi u nof,n. e

AH,

I n Pooecnrepe

lr Apyrnx 6ypxyasnux

AyxoBHoro

na.naqefi

t77


B. A. llocce B peAaKqx[ xypna,ra <<)KusHb A.tq Bcex>.

fierporpaa, cepeAi.rHa lg10-x rr. Clega nricarenb A. I,I. Crapc<uri. (Doro ug apxnBa H. A. Ilocce. fly6;urr<yerca BnepBbre

He cyuen nycrurb KopHt{ B pa6oqeu ,qBH)KeHr,rn, <XuaHr>> _nexa6pn 1902 r. caMopacilycra,'racb, qacrb ee BJrr{Jracb e PCAPil. B re rpyAHHe Arr; B. A. ilocce AHu npon3oIIreJr ero pa3pbtB c M. fopsxuna. Tor eqe B poccnu o6eutan npuexarb Ang yqacrns n <Xuexn>, Ho noroM coo6unl. qro He xoqer <Hrparb n l'epqena>.r0 A earena B. A. lloccey3r{aJl o cBoe[r [cKflroqeHr,rr,t HB ToBaplrqecrBa <3naune>>. Eno He 22

yAoBnerBopHno o[paBAarerbHoe nficbfvro

M. l'oprxoro,

Ko-

Toporo oH cqHTar ApyroM, BBeJI B ToBapr,ru{ecrBo 6e3 naq, IE. Tgnelb r csofi nafi AoaxeH 6un nepeAarb ero xeHe, II. Ilemxosofi. 10 .rrer cnyerfl us-sa QuuaHcoBbrx pasnonopBar n 4pyrofi yqpeAHrenb .,3naHnR rr, l:rlalHfi_c foprruu rr. K. II. IlqrHuqrnfi Bpelrn npurrrupu.rro rpex6unuruxApy3efi, Ho He Bo3poAtrJto xx Apyx(6br. B Xenene B. A. Ilocce c f. A. Ky^.r,rnbrM n3AaBaJtH <<Eu6nuoreKy pyccKoro npoJrerapunn. ,ll,ir nee B. A. fiocce nepeBel ua pyccxnfi r3brK <(XeHqlrHv r,r couHaJtH3M) A. Ee6eng. <ManuQecr KortlrtryHucruqecrofi napruH> K. Mapx'ca u Q. Snrelrca lr r. A,. <ManN$ecr> ;AoxHoBu.n B.-A. llocce Ha cocraBJleHr{e B 1903 r. <llpoerra npo,nerapcxofi nporpaMMbr>. BepR, qro pa3Br{rne npoMbnrrJreHnocr-q l{ co.

178


3HareJlbHofi KnaccoBofi 6opr6u npoJlerapl{ara' ycHJennoro HHreJIJrHreHqnefi, npep.onpeAenser cMeHy KanHTarH3Ma coqnaJrn3MoM, oH pa3BllJI co6crneHnyn KoHqenqnn coq[aJrI{s-

ma. Ona ocHoBbtBaJlacb Ha [Aecx K. Maprca u 0. Surqllca o 6esroBapHoM caMoynpaBJleHllil KaK [AeaJIbHoM 6yAyueM H KHr3s n. A. Kponorrnna o Qe4epaqnu BoJtbHblx KoMMyH c no,nnofi cno6oAofi rx qJreHoB. KoHqenqHc npeAycMarpHBaJIa ynpaBAHeHI'te KaK KJIaccoBr TaK H qacrHofi co6-

Ha CpeAcrBa H npoAyKrH npoH3BOACrBa, H ee o6teAuneHnum r Se4epaqlln o6nacto6qunau, nepeAaqy HbIx H HaultoHaJlbHblx con3oB. Tonapnoe npou3BoAcrBo' HMeBIIree qenbrc npn6ulr, SaMeHflJIocb o6lqecrsenHblMr,AJIfl paBHoro yAoBnerBopenun norpe6nocrefi KaxAoro' c o6ssarerbHHM MIIHI{MyMOM TpyAa. vcrauasrilsadl{cb paBHonpaBHe PAC, nOJIOB, narlnonanrnocrefir BeponcnoBeAaHufi,

CTBeHHOCTH

cso6oAa cJIoBa, neqarl{r colo3oB' HenpI{KocHoBeHHocrb JIHqHocrlr r{ )KI{JII{qa, o6qsarerlHoe o6yqeH[e B IIIKoJIe SusnuecKoMy n yMcrBeHHoMy rpyAy. Harpa4,u, orJII{qHfl' rlrryJlll orMeHsJIHcb. Dpax craHoBuJlcs cso6oAHum consoMr He rpey3aKoHeHrs. 6ynqnru -

B noqcHenne <llpoexra npoaerapcrofi nporpaMMblD B. A. llocce I{3Aan KHnry <Teopnn n npaKruKa npoJlerap-

cKoro coqxaJlu3Ma)). l2 Ee pacnpocrpaHeHl'Ie JIOCb

r

Pocclln oKa3a-

3arpyAHeHO: [puncrcrB[eM craJla JteBae KpHrHKa

B

nefi coqna.n-AeMoKparl{3Ma' a He aHapxo-KoMMyHHcrlrqecKas

yronilqHoct. 13 CoquaJtbHas yronnc KaK HAeoronun 6opl6u, xorb r{ n pasnofi Mepe, Ho 6ula npncyqa BceM coIlHaJIHcrnqecKr{M napruf,M H rpynnaM Poccuu, I{ HMeJIa onopy B rofi qacrn o6Iqecrsa, KoTopas BMecre c caMoAep)KaBHeM orBeprana KarIuraJIll3M. Vcnruq 6omruesnxoB oBJIaAerb HMyulecrsoM l-. A. KyKJTHHa yBeHqarrcb ycnexoM. B uae 1905 r. f. A. Kyxutltt rcrynn.n n PCAPII. Bce csou AeHbrI{' rnnorpaQuro,6n6nu' oTeKy-qnraJrbHn oH nepeAan 6orruresuxaM' tl ABa roAa

yMep B Hnqere ot ry6epxyleaa. cnycrc Korna F. A. fanoH, IrMeBuInfi opeon repon I flHBapc' c noMorr{brc coqHaJI-AeMoKparoB H gcepoB cHapcAnfi napoxoA c opyxneM AJIfl nurepcxllx pa6ounx, B. A. llocce conpG soxAau ero s grofi onacHofi HeJIeraJIbHoft noeeAre. V SnnJrsHAcKoro 6epera 26 anrycra 1905 r. <,ll,xon fpa0ron> ceJr Ha MeJrb ll 6ua nsopnaH, pa6o'tnu AocraJlacb JlllIIIb Ma{as Aonc opyxns. BuAc asanTrcpl{3M fanoHa, orcyrcrBne v Hero pealruoft noAAepxKlr B croJlnqe, B. A. llocce Bepiryrcn ea py6ex. Bcxope qapcrnfi MaHnQecr 17 oxtn6pr 1905 r. orKpHn BoaMoxnocrb JlerarbHofi AesrenlHocrn B Poccun. r79


Pesontoqnq 1905 r. ycKopr{na pasBr{rr{e Koonepaqfirr KaK anbrepHarr{BH KanHTaJrHcrr{qecKoMy npor{3BoAcrny. [Ipnnqn_

rIoM Koonepaqnn rorAa 6n,no Hacbrqenue norpe6nocrefi cBoux qJreHoB, yAerIIeBneH[e HM XHSHtf, a He BbIXUMaHr.re MaKc[MaJrbHoft npu6u.rrn. K lgl7 r. poccrq craJra cauofi Koo[eparr.tBHofi crpanofi. Uyen pa6ovefi xoonepaqr[ KaK nyrn oBJraAeHnc pa6ounmx xosqftcrreHHofi xrilsHrm pocclrr{ BAoxHonnla B. A. [Iocce Ha co3AaHr{e r ilerep6ypre JreroM 1906 r. norpe6nreabcKoro KooreparnBa oTpin6sofi c_o_Io3>. ta llm pyxoBoAltJln x([3HeHqbr M. C. Epuo"'raee'i M. n. Kyx.nl.tua, cr.lHAr,rxaJtr{cr A. C. I'oxapen, pa6o,rne A. E. Kapgnl{j, I,I. K. Ko6HncHcxufi, [1. E. KopoJree, MeHbrrreBnK M. Jl. Xeficun, 6o.nrruesuxn H. A. Ckprrnnnn x p. M. Mar[Hoscxufi u ap. lloc.ne4nufi oKasailcc [poBoKaropoM. <<Tpyponofi cox)3)) He roJrbKo HaJraAHJr 6yaounoe nponsno4crno, cna6xreHr{e cBoux qJreHoB npoAyKTaMH, o4exr4ofi, o6yBbx), HO lr .u,an Kpbrr[y Anfl AenTenbHocTH peBoJInqI{OHHbrx naprnfi. K oxrc6prc lg07 r. B <cox)Be> 6uuo 8,b rhrc. qJrenon, 5 rreKapeH, 19 .naaor, BbnrrJro 8 uoMepos x(vpnana <Tpyxoeofi cons> noA peAaKqnefi B. A. llocce. Xyp"a.n 6Ha nocpcrqeH Koonepaq[[. Ko_oneparun cHllxaJr qeHbr, qeM H pa3lspr{Jr roproBqee. OHn 3acbrnaru nonnrlnn AoHocaMH, r{ HM yAaJlocb ra|(n BH3Barr ydblrxu H pa3Aopbr. fasera qepHocoreHr{eB <Pyccxoe gHaMfl> o6nnncra npaBneHue <con3a> B crpeMJreHHrr (3aMeHnrb co6oro pae6ofinnvuft Coner pa6ovnx 4enyraroB>, Koropbrft yxe 6ua paorpoMnen, n roJrKHyrb <nocnyrxnHx pa6ovux na 6ofinro>, Aadbr <KpoBbro ll-glo6oro Mexqy= co6on xp[crfiqH 4o6nrrcn enpeficxoro paBHo[paBlls>. r5 C.fleAosarerr Oxpanxn H. H. Xe,qeHoe sussfin nonynspHocrb cpeAn pa6o.ulx KoMMyHncrr{qecKrrx HAefi B. A. llocce, .nexqnft, c KoropbtMl{ oH e3A}tJr no Poccull. BHsoA )I(e4enona rJracnJr: or <Tpy4onoro co[o3a> Moxno o)K[Aarb qTo yroAHo, (or MltpHofi nponanaHAbr Ao BoeHHoro Mqrexa, BO,Op-yx(eHHOfO BOCCTaHVfl rr OrAerbHbrx reppopHcrr.tqecKnx y6nficrn BKJIloqfiTeflbHo.> l6 Koneuno, sro 6r,uto- rtpo0ecciloHaJrbHoe HarHeTaHr{e cTpaxoB, Ho Mr{Hr,tcrp BHyTpeHHr{x Aen n. A. Cro.lunnn BocnoJlb3oBaflcc cBor.rM npaBoM BaKpbrrb 6es o6rscHesnfi xooneparnB. C 4era6pn 1909 r. B. A.[Iocce n3AaBan <<Xrsnb rrfl Bcex>. B rxypHale neqaraJrncb Jt. H. Tolcrofi. E. H. gupr{KoB, M. foprxnfi, A. _q. Henepon, H. f. OpeH6ypr, n

B. Hooopyccrnfi, coqr.ra.n-4e- M.(6e,nrcxnfi), A. n. [IrHxenrq B. O. Ilelep6avm

{roJrr.rrr.rqecKoM orAeJre

MoKparbr

(Jlennqxnfi), O. A. Jlunxnn (rleperannn), pa6ovuri orle.n A. K. facrer (3opun), 6ece4u o ca-

Ben Ao cBoero apecra 180


Moo6pa3oBaHHn

H. A. Py6axuH, o6 ncrycctng; I'1. E.

PennH. I{enaypa rpecneAoBaJla neqarnoe cJIoBo B. A. IIocce. ApecroBaHH n yH[qroxeHbl MHorI{e HoMepa n3/,aBaemofi unr s 1906-19i3 rr. <6n6auotexn pa6ouero>. Blacrr paoApaxann ero crarbu' BbIcrynJIeHHR Ha I Bcepoccttfrcxom

KooneparuBHoM ctesAe, I Bcepoccnficxotvt cbe3Ae no 6opt' 6e c nisucrrom, II BcepoccuftcxoM cbe3Ae I'tMeHu Vlnuncroro npeAcrasurerefi o6rqects BocnoMoll{ecrBoBaHl'lr JI}IIIaM

yqr,rrerbcKoro aBaHur. Buecrc c A. O. I(onu, -H. O. JIoc' irnm, JI. I,l. IIerpaxuIlKHM oH npenoAanal pa6ounu n [Ie'

tep6yrcxou HapoAHoM yHtrBepcnrere. I / Oparopa B. A. llocce orJll{qaru yAaqnble, excKypcH B r,rcropr{p, Jlnreparypy, QnaocoQnrc, ernorpa$uro' MerKne rl[rarbl, np[eMbl peqH, xapaKTepHHe AJIf, aABOKaroB H aKrepoB. bH-nrtlel ycrex y pa3Houlepcrnofi ny6.nnxn, oco6en' Ho y MoJIoAexn. llncare.nr Bapl_au llla,nauoB MarbttuKoM cnu-ural JIeKIIltrl B. A. llocce <B qeu cMbIcJI xllsn]t?>, lt oH sanoMHlrJtcfl KaK oAI'IH I'ts npaBeAHHKos XIX crouerllc: <<flocce 6u.rI ceAofi KpacHoqeKnfi crapnx B BeJlbBeronoft xyprKe, paoMaxLIsanquft KoporKIrMIr pyr€Mlr HaA SaranBunM AbrxaH[e BaJIoM xencxofi rI{MHa3n[. Aopon Anfl yrBepxAennn 4o6pa llocce npeAnaran oqenb Mnoro' cJIunlKoM Mnoro Aflc TaKorO nHoro AofMarnKa, KaKHM 6ua q>. 18 3a ocyx4eH[e pasBflSbIBaHHc trlnponofi sofiHbl MrlHllcrp onyrpennxx lea H. A. Maxaaxos 29 cenrn6pn 1914 r. sanperuJr B. A. Ilocce ny6anuHue BblcryrlneHl{fl' yKasaB' qro ror (AonycKaeT BocxBaJIeHHe HeMqeB' nos6yx4aer B_pa:xAy B KoHIIe 1916 r. [r] corosluKaM>. re: 3anpet cHqrr JII{Iub A. llocce na VpaQenpa;rrcKan peBonrlqnq 3acrurna B. Jre. sa qreHneM aexqufi. 1 nrapra oH BepHyJIcl n llerporpa4 I{, paccql{THBag Ha xypHan[cTcKHe cBfl3I'I ll JII{qHOe 3HaKoMcrBo c pyKoBoAHrercMH llerporpa4croro Conera, P€rur{Jr BKJITq[Tbcc B npnHcrhe HMn noJIt{THqecKHx peruennft.

rlro us gToro

BbIIIIJIo, qI{TareJIb y3HaeT

o

us ny6luxyeMux

AoKyMeHrax rex 4uefi, 6epexrno xpaHlrMblx B apxnBe H. A. Ilocce. OHH soeBpautanr K BcrperlaM B. A. [Iocce B peAaKql{u "llqqgciufi llerporpaAcKoro Coneta>, Ha Jlrroscrofi yanqe, lll, c ynoJIHoMoqeHHbIM llcno.txo*ra Cosera B. A. 5on^q-EpyeBUqeM, nocKoJlbKy I{M cocraBJIeHH Il noAnncaHhl.- 9ro n-ocrocHibtfi nponyCx B. A. Ilocce B rllnorpa$nrc <llsnecrnfi)) or 3 ruapra u yAocroBepeHne ,I\E 83 or 7 mapra Ha npaBo decnpennrcreenHoro BxoAa n Tanpnuecxlrfi Aeopeq. O6a a.oKyMeHra na 6aaxxe <llsBecrnfi>' KaK I{ rperufi, nponl{Baroqnfi .u,onoJrHllreJlsHufi cset Ha xapaKrep noeoAxn B. A. Ilocce Ha rlr: t8l

HaMr.r Bocnouunannfi. ,ll,o6annm JIIIIIIb


<7 mapra

l9l7

Ilpe4rrsrreJrb eroro yAocroBepennn B,nag,uMnp AnexcaHApoB[q llocce eAer B rop. XaprxoB AJrf, pastficHeHrls rpa)r(AaHaM 3Haqennc peBonKrruonHux co6urufi, nnsreprHyBruilx Huxoraq II, u 4ar nptlsuBa rpaxAaH nop4epxllrarr BpeueHHoe llpannrelrcrno n Coier pa6o,lnx-r'"onAaTCKI|X AenyTaToB.

fpax4annx llocce Be3er c co6ofi H3AaHnfi Conera pa6oqnx rl coJrAarcKnx AenyraroB Auc pacflpocrpaHeHrffl HX B npoBlrHrl[[. Vnolxouoqeunufi HcnounnrelbHoro Kounrera Conera pa6ounx n conAarcx.Hx /lenyraroB npocnr oKasarb rpax(_ AaHnHy llocce _coAeficrsre B nolyqeHnn 6utera npr"o.o coo6uleHns 4o XaprxoBa, B BanoHe 6ecnepecaAoqHoro ABrr_ xeHI|c. Vnolsouoqennufi llcnonHnre,nbHoro Komurera BuaA. 6onu-6pyenuv>.

Beororc 1917 r. B. A. Ilocce cosAaJr <Corcs ilMyrrlecrBenHoro n rpyAoBoro paBencrBa> (CI,ITP), xoxrn6prc HMeHo_ nanux fi ct raKx(e l(ouruynncrnqecxofi nafirnefi . Ero nporparrlMa ero nepepa6orannufi B. A. lfocce <Ilpoexr nponerap- nporpaMMbr> cxofi 1903 n. H, KaK orMeqaJr oH. c ieus6exHhrMH_ ycrynKaMn <co6crseHHnqecKouy npeApaccyAxy rpy4ruleficr MaccH>: npeAnaranocb Bo3nanpaxAeHne ea orvyxAaeMoe nMyrr{ecrBo. B ycraae CI{TP qenbxr o6rsslsflacr 6opr6a <Bo uMf, gaMeHH o6u{ecrseHHoro crpor HacHJrHc n HaII(HBH o6ulecrseHuHM crpoeM 6parcrna tl paAocrHofi xu3HH Bcex lt Ka)KAoro. z0 Ero qreHon o6te4,nnn.nn KoMMyHn_ crnqecxfie [AeaJlbr H anTrrMuJlnrap[crcxnfi nnrepuaqxoua_ JIH3M, crpeuJreHue npeKparlrb nofiny. Kar n 6olrurenuxau, uu cnof,crtennu 6uan ynpoqeHnHe, yronltqHHe trpeAcraBnenfic o Bo3Mo)r(Hocrn BbrxoAa Poccllu lls sofiHu. B. A. Itoc_ ce noraraJr, qro oAHocroponHee pasopyx(enfie poccllll sH_ 3oBeT pagopyxeHlre Bo BceM M[pe.2r On orupuro ocyxAaJl odopouuecrBo rr no repMnnoJornu odoponqâ&#x201A;ŹB fBJtf,rcf, nopilKeHqeM, crruras: <Jlytue repmaucxufi Mrrp, qeM aurnufi_ cKaf,, aMepnKaHcKaf, HJrtr cnoncKac sofiHar. B sofiHe n o6oponuecrBe oH BnAen-(Mopanbnyro u $nsnqecKyb rn6e;rr pyccxoro HapoAa >.22 3r o orr-oa xHy"nopaxenuecrBo> Jro or nero 6para H Muorrrx crapHx 3HaKoMbtx. Ho c6nrsx;ro c M. foprrnu. <XnsHb Arf, Bcex> HaneqaraJra aHTHBoenHoe BossBaHHe M. foprxoro <HecqacrHbre, noxatefire ce6s!> 23 Co6urun 3-5 ilro.llc BH_oBb Kpyro pasBeJrr nx nyrn. Pacxpunan nporor[noB K.nnua Carvrrnfa, M. foprxufi n-orn182


Hee Ha3BaJI B. Maxaaxosa.2a -'-

A. fiocce, H. A. Eynnna n xaAera B' A'

Onnaxo B. A. Ilocce ne 6ua cropoHHI'IM na6'npAare'nen'r

*oaul.topr". n I'InJIe oH BblcrynaJl s Mocxse c 'rIerqnefi <Tou guaqllre.fibHblx qeiloBeKa HaIIIero BpeMeH[l: H'- H' n. o. KepeHcxnfi, B. lI. JI-enuH)> l't BbI3Bal..6VP.. [ifi;;;;, Hoe HeroAoBaHI,Ie ny6.ntr*tn, Ha3BaB JIeuuHa -xpynHefiuefi dr.rrvoofr coBpeMeHnoctu. C.nyurareJlbHnqa P' Buxnpera <Ton npoSeccopa 6u.l cepreeHblft H oqeHb

".n6**nuna: vBax(nreJlbnufi. f

TorAa He oco3naBaJlar KaKI{M MyxecrBeHirii* no.tvnxou 6u;to B re AH'I BbIcrynJIeHI{e npoQeccopa BHe 3aKona il Aonfiocce: nefir Jlennn 6n.n yxe o6rcsneH25 Kax u npex(A,e' )KeH 6urr cKpblBaTbcff n no,qnorle>. H 3ro' KaK ny6'nuKy non noAcrpanBaJlcs B. A. Ilocce He yBr.rAI{T qHTareJIb ero BocnoMaHanllfr, nopottl eABa He KoHqaJrocb caMocyAoM.

lVleuyapn,-oco6enno pacqHraHHble na ny6;tuKaIII'Irc' Bcer,na Hecyr orneqaroK BpeMeHH H Mecra cosAaHug. B Haqa'ne 1930-x rr. B. A. llocce 3arylxeBblBar rperpaAbl'. orAeJIsBurug ero, y6ex4eHnoro KoMMyHI{crar or rlaprlrl{ 6orruresuKoB, r{ He LaJI BHsrHoro o6lccHeHnc npilqnH' MeUaBIII[x eMy npl4Hflrb n non6pe 1917 r. rpeAnox(eHne JI. A. Tpoqxoro r'F{. A. 3anxuHAa crarb corpy,lI.HHKoM Hapxouara HHocrpaHlrblx ' B reAer. auu B. A. llocce paepa6ora,n npnuepnufi ycraB aprerefi H KoMMyH a.ns C[lTP' Koropbli BHAeJI saAaqy AHc B r,rx co3AaHHI{ Ha ceJle coBMecrno c BcepoccnficKl'rM colosoira pa6ovttx I,I KpecrbqH, qbs AecreJbnocrr - 6enoe ncr-

no B Hcropuorpa{nu. Anc pa3roBopa o6 eroru AeJIe

B. A. tlocce c HaqaJIa non6pn nblrarcc Ao6urlcc npfieMa y B. H. Jlennua n CmolsHol't. OAsaKo BoxAb 6oluuenuxon, rro cBrrAerenbcrBy og,nofi I{3 ero ceKperapil' Mapnx Cxpgn26 HuK, rx*qepfl FI. A-. CxpnrnHl{KaryxJloHsilcs or Bcrpeqll- Ona ylxe n r., Kpeule' cocroslacb JtI,Itub B anpeJle 1918 B. [l. JIeHuH nopyquJl A. [I. Pnxoay n C. Il. Cepeae usyql{rb npoeKr xounayn.-8. A. llocce Bo3rJIaBI{,1 OrAel KoJIJIeKTI'!BHHx XO3cficrr Hapxouara seMneAeJII'lc' Ho nocJre noesAKl{ no rySepHncM rl SnaKo[lcrBa c MecrHbIMI'l pyKoBoAI{TeJlsMH qTO Ha 3elrer,tbHLIX KOMIITeTOB CJIO)I(HJI O6qgaHHocrtl' 3aflBUB'

3roM nocry HyxeH cneqllaJucr-arpapHl'IX. Ho HcrI'IHHbIe npnrruHbl du.nll r,ny6>xe. B neony6luxosanHofi crarbe rex -u.sefi os nucafl o BceBo3MoxHbtx napaSl{Taxr 3a[oJIHI'{Blul'lx .co'BeTcKHe yqpex(,4eriilfl' o (HoBblx cTaHOBbIX I| XaHAapMaxt

Koropble, npHKpbIBascb KOMMyHI{3MOM H OnupaccbHa Boopycltry, Hcrq3aioT rpyAoBylo KpecrbslrcKyrc Maccy>' '' B-asrycr-e l9l8 r. B BaroHe AnflJloMarl{qecxofi M}IccHu

x(eHHyto

183


A_Ilocce yexan Ha oKKynHpoBaHHyp HeMrlaMrr Vxpan_ _8. Hy. l aM, 3a HAeH gTHqeCKOTO KoMMyHrrSMa oH noflaJr B TrcpbMy npn CxoponaAcKoM, cHAeJr cnaqaJra o O4ecce, sa-

TeM B llorrase noAogpeBaJtr{ B HeM raftnoro na_ - BAaxe poArroro KoMncapa. MocxryoHBepHyJtcc rleuonex nucoxofi u4eu, -conepuleliHo B KoHqe lgtgr. uyxr4ufi Kapbep_ Hbrx ycrpeuJrennfi, oH He crpeMr{ncs r{3BJreqb BHrotr uB cBoux peBonroqHoHHbrx 3acnyr n pa6oraJr B q[TaJI JreKq[r{ Ha Bucurnx KoonepaTr{BHbrx AercKrrx AoMax, Kypcax, <aQuurnue> (n,narnue) lexqnn n 6ecnjarHHe B *.0-y'6"*,'r*ooui, Ka3apMax, BbtcrynaJl Ha A[cnyrax. Eunxrafiurnu nououlnn_ KoM, cexperapeM, opraHn3aropoM .nexqnfi craJra ero xena, fl HHa Ail-e_KcaHApoBHa, ypo)r(eHHafl IIIeQrenl, Aoqb Br.tAHoro AeflreJrr Knencxofi ropo4cxofi AyMbt. *Bepro B crrJry pa3yMa, coBecrn u rsoefi flro6Bu>,-raK B lg20 r. HaAnncaJr oH B noAapoK efi csorc KHr{ry <B cnere pa3yMa r{ coBecrr,r>. H rso_efi rro6Bn>r- raK B lg20 r. HaArncaJr oH B noAa_ pox eft cBoxr KHnry <B cnere pa3yMa r coBecrn>. Xpynxar, KpacnBas AeByrrrKa, oKoHq[Brrraq c gonorofi MeraJrbx] KJrac_

cuqec_K_yrc rr{MHa3r{ro, yqnracb Ha r,opHAHqecKoM rere KuescKoro yHr{Bepcnrera, Ao ero 3aKpbrrnfl, lleaxy;rn_ xypcax -OHa

xyAoxecrBeHHoro cJroBa npr.r TearparbHoM yun;rnqe. BocnnThrBaJra MJraArrrlx cbtHa H 4ovt B. A. Ilocce u Ha

eno JeKrlncx BbrcTynaJra c qreHHeM JlHrepaTypHbrx npoH3_ seAeHnfi.

IIpn nxo4e cnylxareJrr{ JreKqnn rroJrvqaJrrr Jrr.tcroBKv <8. A. Ilocce: CoserH pa3yMa H cosecrl,tr;. Bor nexoropu6

grHx coBeron: <Cos4anafi ce6e cso6oAy na cnoGoae rcex H Ka)r(Aoro... Vsaxafi rBopsrqnx 4o6po, Ho Hn nepeA KeM He npeKnoHnficn, n6o npeKnoHeHr{e yinxaer H re6s, H ro_ ro, ,nepeA KeM TbI flpeKnoHqelxrcg... Hanounnafi JrrcAqM, oco6engo AeTflM, To xopoilee, qro oHI{ cAe.naJIIt, r{ To pa_ AocrHoe, qro oHH nepexfiJtn, a He BroHnfi s nx Ayuty, KaK o xyAoM n ropecrHou... rpy_ l:_o:An, (pHsnqecKl|, {!!extr r ynoMuHaur.rc Ar{cb H u yMcrBeHHO, crapascb nponsnecrn '6bH3

JIIIIIe, qeM TbI norpe6leeurr...>>

Bofixa, peBoJtnqrs n reppop o6ecqenntn xH3Hb n npn_ Tynfin[r HpaBcrBeHHoe qyBcrBo HapoAa. <pesorroq[onias orfiKa> 6oJrruesnxoB cJryx(Hna [HrepecaM ruraccoroft 6opr6u, HaqeaenHofi na coaAaHr{e HecoBeprxeHHbrM qeroBeKoM coBeprrrenHoro o6qecrsq. B. A. Ilocce, HarrpornB, crpeMnn_ cc B HecoBepueHnoM-o6rqecrre co3Aarb coBeprxeHHoro qe_ JroBeKa, BHyrrrafl csoficrneHnoe nepeAoBofi poicnftcxofi nu_ reilJrnreHr{Hn crpeMreHne x a6coarcTHbtM MopanbHbrM qen_ HOCTgM, coeA[HsB[Iee paSyM C COBecTbrc AJIC AOCTHXeHUC Bceodqef, cnpaBeAnHBocrr-. B nAeane B[Aen oH ,u,B[rarerb 184


nporpecca: <Ees uAeara AeftcrsnreJlbHocrb JIHIIIn npoqecc' HAeaJroM oHa nporpecc>' B HeM <<co6panu nando,nee gAopoBble n KpenK[e gJleMenrbl 4eficrenreabHocrnr B3grble B nx Aa.nsnefiuleM pa3Bl{ruu>. a, (qeM spqe cBeT HAeaJIat TeM cKopee AB[](ercc Aefictnntenbnocrb>>.28 CootsercrseHHo I{ TrcAl| ANC HETO AEJIIIJI}TCb HA HPABCTBCHHbTX _ IIbfl )ITI{3TTb coBfla,l{aeT c Aeficrel,|reJlbHocrbrcr 6esnparctneHHblx - orcrarcIq}|x or AeficrrnreJlbHocrl{, il UAeaJIHCTOB - ee onepex(aoIr1nx, )Kr{Bylqnx n.tn 6yayuero ll HcnblrblBarcqux MyKH ero pox(AeHHc. Taxunrn flreaJlficraMn 6uln nocJleAoBare,nn B. A. Ilocce. OHH cosAasaJln B [Ierporpa4e, Mocxne, Boponexe, Knene, O4ecce <<Corogu pa3yMa I'I coBecrll)) H rIbITaJIIlcb B cBonx cqefirax ocyqecrBrcrb KoMMyHH3M. Ho ux yronl{qecKafl gHeprnq He BbIAepxHBaJIa I',lcnHTaHll[ rocyAapcrBeHHoro

c

<BoeHHoro KoMMyHl{3Ma>

H H3Ila. fqefixn 6uctpo

pac-

naAaJIncb.

B 1923 r. nurepcKoe n3AareJlbcrno <MucJIb> BblnycrllJlo <<BocnounnaHrc B. A. Ilocce (1905-1917 rn.)>. Onu oxBarbrBaJrlt AOQespallcxnft nepnol. o0nqnarbHac peaKqrc

6brfia Kncrofi. Peqegsenr B. Arexcees B x(ypHaJle <<Karopra n ccbIJIKa> ynpeKaJl B. A. Ilocce 3a ro' qro oH <Ko BceM 0THOCHTCq KpI{THqecKH, oT Bcex oTropa)KHBa€TCfl)>r H ytpox<axrqe cnpaIIIHBaJl: <<C xeu oH H 3a Koro?> 2q 3nmon 1924 r. r Tnepu, cl{pf, B rocruHnqe co cJIoMaHnoft uorofi, B. A. Ilocce noAAancc Ha yroBopbl Hnnu Anq*caHA,poBHbr ltpoAoJlxllrr pa6ory HaA BocrIoMHHaHllclun. OH ,u,r,rKroBan efi no naMcrI'I. MHorne pyxonl{cn n AoKyMeHrbI noru6.nn B orHe rpaxAancKofr eorluu. Paculnpennufi napr{aHr BocnoMl{HaHr.rfi <Mofi xHgHeHHbIft nyrb: Aope^ng{Ioquosnufr nepuoA (1364-1917 rr.)> yBHAefl cBer B 1929 r. B HsAareJlbciee u3eMnr u Sa6pNxa>. B npe4nclonuu x nefi elrAHufi 6o.nrureskx I{ tlcropHK peBonnqnn B. H. Hescxuft flr.rcaJr o B. A. llocce: <<On mnoro BhAeJI I{ 3Haer. On unoro AeficrsoBaJl, crpaAaJl' JIn6I{JI H HeHaBI'IAeJIt oH IIIeJI BMe,cre c rpyAfluILIMLICs, HO OH IIeJI KaK TlrnlIqHufi pyccxr',Ift r{HreJIJInreHT, np}IeMJlloqnfi n To,ncroro u Kponorrnna,-6epyqnfi y ll.rexaiosa H y aHap{HcroB' noKJloHsloqnficn MapKcy H ero nporIrBHHKaM)). 30 fopnuo npHBercrBoBaJI BbIxoA KHr.rrH MeHbIrIeB[K, ttcrop[IK E. H. Hnxo,laeecxltfi, rarxte

orMerI{BIIIHft s <I(aropne }I ccblJtKe> crpeM-JIeHI'Ie B. A. llocce <<rI,o6uru> B noJIHTI{Ke MHoroe H MHor[x>' ero TflroTeHl{e K aHapxo-cI{HAl{KaJI[3My H Ml{pHoMy KyJlbTypHnqecKoMy anapxnsuy.

et

*Hcxp-enne paAylocb ycflexy Baurux BocnoMHHaHHfi..,rr{carr ri JIosaHHu- 2l mas 1930 r. H. A. Py6aKI{H'- rlpes185


BhrqafiHo xa.Een

o roM, qro Konrla Baurnx

He floflBnJrocb>. 32 I,I B. A. Ilocce npoAoJrxruJr

nocnomnnanufi

pa6ory, pacwr-

psq naHopauy co6urnfi u ruq, npeAeJrbno caMopacKpbrBaflcb s u[qHofi xr.t3Hr.r. B 1933 r. B KooneparnBHoM <I,ls4are.nlcrBe nucareJrefi n JlenuHrpaAe)) BbrrueJr neprufi roM KHHrrt <Il-epexuroe n [poAyMaHHoe> <Mo.loAocrr (1864 - ,1I,. BoHu-Epyennua, 4u1894)>. lg.au xe, ro npocr6e B. peKropa llncruryra muporofi nr{reparypbt uru. M. Ioprroro, B. A. Ilocce nepeAan B apxr{B r{Hcrr.rryra 2BZ nucem r neuy A. [I. tlexona, JI. H. An4peena, l'. l'aynrmaHa n Apyrux nncareaefi. Iloore4nne roAbr xnsnn B. A. Ilocce 6Hflu orMeqeHbr 3HaKaMrr npn3HaHnc ero BacJryr: c 1930 r. oH nepconaJrbnufi nencnonep PCOCP, c lg34 r. s lgBZ r. no-CCCP, JyqHJ KBaprnpy s AoMe cneqr{aJrncroB Ha Jlecnou npocneKTe, rAe coceAqMr{ cTaJrr{ yqeHble, xy/toxHl{Kn, aprr.tcrH, nr{careJrn, cpeAn Koropbtx crapufi sHaxoMufi A. H. Kynpxn. Bneurue sce 6HJo 6uaronoayuHo, Ho npeKparnnncr ny6,nnKaIIHH BocnoMr.rHaHufi n s 1937 r.- <aoH[rHbre> JreKqHH, AaBHo sanpeqanocb Aa)t(e npor.r3HocHrb cJroBo <Ayrxa>. ue C,na6e.no 3AopoBbe. lloc.ne4uee BbrcrynJreHne cocrGcJrocb 22 orrn6pn 1938 r. no npr{tJrarrreHllrc rraxMarucra M. M. EorsrHHrxa r l(.ny6e yqeHbrx s JIecHon Ha Beqepe naMcrx JI. H. Tolcroro. B ror ro4 n Mnncxe penpeccrpona;rn .nn6nMono cbrHa B. A. [Iocce, Cepree, pyKoBoAnre.rrff MecrHoro Hcrnapra. On ymep B TopbMe or ns6neHnfi Ha Ao[pocax. EJrrlsxne cKphIJrH 9To or orrla, onacaccb Ba ero xneHr. 2l orrn6pn lg40 n. Bna4uunp Alercan4ponnv cKoHqaJrcf,. Iloxopolll.ruu ero ua JInrepaHcKoM orAeJreHur{ BoJrxoscxoro rlaA6ur{a, pcAoM c nropofi cynpyrofi n roBapHqeM no 6opb6e A,numofi HuxouaesHofi Eopruan (cecrpofi_ r.nanu Tonapuulecma <Xopx EopuaH>), -ymepuefi r 1919 r. Bocxuulenne BhraHBaer caMoorBepxeHnocrb Hnnu AlexcaHApoBHbI IIocce, nocBflTr,tB[refi xHsHn coxpaHeHnr,o naMqrH Myxa. B 6.noxa4y JleHunrpa4a oHa c6eper,la eno pyxonncll, AoKyMeHrbr, Qororparpnn, n[cbMa, aQnrun lexqufi, xypHanbr rr KH[rrr. B qacu noe4yunofi rpeBorn oHa yHocIrJIa B 6ou6oy6exnqe qeMoAaHqlrK c rlennefiuefi qacirn ?_px!Ba. Eu.nn rau n nucbMa A. Ee6e.nn, K. Kayrcxoro, H. A. Py6axuna. llx oHa nepeAaaa n lgbS r. s H-Hcrrrvr qyccxofi Jrr{reparypbr (Ilyurxnncxnfi AoM). Hune Hrfa A.rercangpoBHa neHciloHep, BerepaH Corosa rearpaJrbHbIx AeflTeJrefi. B-erona roAy efi ncnoJrHflercs g0 ter. lls4are;lrcrno <Xy4oxrecrnenHaq Jrr{reparypa> Ha ncxoAe xpyrqeBcxofi orreneJrn roroBuno nepe[3AaHne nepBoro 186


roMa <llepe)Knroro n npoAyMaHnoro> B. A. llocce, Ho B 6pexneecxue roAbl pyKonl{cb JIerJIa B apxuB. Ilnrare.nr ne Br{AeJr noJrHoro reKcra grl{x Bocnomnnanufi, <JlnreparypHbIe noprperH> r{ Apyr[e coqtlneHnc B. A. llocce, spKo orpa3r{Burne repnlrcrbtfi nyru poccnftcxoro I{HTeJIrHreHra B noHcKax l{cTHHbl.

illpe4laraeM BaIxeMy BHIIMaHHn qacrb Heony6.lnxonaxHoro Broporo roMa BocnoMltHaHufi B. A. llocce <Mofi xneHeHnufi nyrb>. Ero pyronncb xpaH[rcc B rHqHoM apxune H. A. fiocce n npeAcraBrcer co6orc MalulrHonncb c pyKonucaofi, qepHlrnaMu, nparrofi r{ BcraBKaM[, cAeJIaHHbIMI{ pyrofi B. A. Ilocce, a raKxe noA ero AI{KroBKy H. A. [Iocce. Bornuofi o6teu pyKorruch H orpaHnqeHHble Bo3Mox(Hocru aJrblraHaxa BHHyxAaJIH npu6ernyrs K coKpaqennflM 3a cqer BTopocrerreHHblx gnr.I3oAoB, crarefi B. A. Ilocce u nporpaMMHbrx AoKyMeHroB CoIosa [MyrrlecrBeHHoro n rpyAoBOro paBeHcTBa, KOTOpbre B opr{nr{Hane BKIrcqeHbI noqTH noJruocrbn, Ho 6u.nn yxe ony6,rHKoBaHbI n 1917 r., a raKlre onncanNc co6blrnfi c qy)Kux cJroB, npeuauue HerorlHocrflMH. Bce corpauleHr,re He Hoccr reHAenrlrrogHoro cMblcJro-

Boro xapaKrepa l,t He r{cKaxaror o6qee npeAcraBJreHr{e o BocrroMHtaHusx B. A. llocce. B ny6anxaqnn Bce coKparqeHr.rc orMeqeHhr 3HaKoM (...). IloasanoJroBoK ny6anxaqun AaH HAMl{.

Ha4eeucR, qro gHaKoMcrBo ql{Tarenr c paHee Her.r3BecrHbrMH BocnoMHHaHuflMN B. A. Ilocce pacurnplrr npeAcraB-

JIeHng n 3HaHr{fl o6 yuacrnu HHTeJrJrHreHrI}rH B peBonnqn}t r{ rroMoxer Bo3po)KAeHr{n B naMf,Tn o6qecrna He3acnyxenHo sa6brrono HMeHil.

I Hexoropr,re ltcrop]iKlr x(ypnaJrr.rcrnKu Aaxe ccbrJrarorcfl Ha orcyrcrBr.re s Eo,'ruofi cosercxoft gHrlr{KJronerurr crarbr.r o B. A. flocce s aoKa3arerbcrso qr(o6H He3Haq,lTe"'rbHocTIt

efo

r'rljqHocrr.r rI aeflTeJrbrrocrn. cru.: )KypHarrncr H rrureparyp-

Kap,'rora T. C. K. 9yroacxnfi

- C. I18. floApo6nee o Hufi KpnrHK. Kasagr,, 1988. K. A. llocce - npnMeqaurre <60> K BocnoMIrHaHHflM. ' II|I.IAJI. O. 139. On. l. [.7403. IL I-4;3nusKr'roneAnqecKrrfi c.ronapr Q. A. Eporraysa u L7. A. EQposa. ,Ilonornurenrsut?

r. 2. CII6., 1906. C. 462; llocce

Morl xusueHnbrft nyrb: (1864-1917 rn.). M.;

Il.,

B. A.

4openo.nrcqnounutt nepttoA 1929. C. 39-44.

3 Ha xo.nepe. M., 1896.

lll

c.

aJlnrepatypoee4r'I qacro npunacblBalor

rJIaBHyto

M. foprrouy, Ho oH He Mor ee urparb yxe noroMy, qro 3a BpeMfl H3AaHI'Ifl >KypHaJIa JIIIUIT) ABa)KAbI no6usar a flerep6ypre u npo6sr,r rana g o6uefi crroxFrocrr.r rrorrropa ruecdud:' 29 ceirtpn -22 oxra6pa xug1899 r. a 19 $eopa"'u-8llapra 1901 r.-Jleronncr, Hr rr rBopqecisa A. M. foprxoro. Bun. L 1888-1907. ponb B <<Xugsu>

187


M., 1958. C. 24A-249,300-304. Des.uorasarenbHbr r.t ronHrru o6tqcHut saKpbrrve <XusHH> pesorroquoHuorl Aerre,'rbHocrbro M. foprxoro nu6o ony6luforaHuerra n ueft

ero

<<flecuu

o

Cu.

Eyperecruuxe>.-

HanprrMep: Kpar-

Kafl JrnreparypHar sHqrrKnotreAur. T. 2. M., 1964. Crn6. 937. <He ra vltn Apyrar crarbr noBeJra K Kape, a OaKr apecTa MHorux__coTpyAHI.tKoB sToro x{ypHa,'ra B anpene sroro roa^a).-Hcxpa. 1901. Nb 6. ;qyirira.tl 6u,r sarpur

8 urcss l90l r. tto perxeHr.rrc coBerlaHnr qerbrDex Mltulrcrpog-n. C. CunnrrHa, K. lI. flo6eaoHocqeBa. H. B. MvpaBbeBa u fI. C. BaHuoscroro.- U|HA CCCP. O. 77-6. On. l. A. 34. JI. 9-15. u floApo6uee cu.: 9epnnea B. IO. <XpoHura pa6oqlrx sorHeul.rfi H craqeK> HenerarbHoro xvpHana <<XlrsHb> lr ee co3Aare,rr.r f. A. Kyx;ruu u B. A. fiocce /l pa6oqee ABHr{eHHe s Poccnu 1895-1904 rr.C6. crarefi u MarepuarroB. M., 1988. C. 170-195. 6 @onA Boltsofi pyccxori lpeccbr ocHoBaH s 1891 r. r Jlon.qoHe C. M. Crennaxonr-l(paruuucr<nu, H. B. gafiKoBcKtrM, .II. 3. llluruxo, @. B. Bo;rxoscxlrl.r u M. Bofiuuueu (H. I(u,rrvencrurr,r) . Vs1asar fi pacnpocrpaHrJ'r B Poccuu coqnuesur A. 14.'lepueua, C. M. CrenHsria-KpasqaHcKoro, B. f.-I(opo,reHxo, l. B. flnexaHosa, B. 3hcyrnrr, nepeBoAu K._Maprca u (D. Suremca, r{ MHoroe Apyroe. Bunycra,r <.Ileryuue ,rucrKn>. B l90l r. npeKparnn AEflTEJIbHOCTb,

7 Jleuuucrnfi c6opurx. T. 3. M.; 1925. C. 440: xe. T. 4. C. 212; trleuun B. 14. "rI., Io.nu. co6p. cou., T. 46. C. 2l!,,239t 249, 260-261; tlepuaer B. IO. <.XpoTarrr

C. 185-187. s Bocnounsasss B. A. llocce (1905-1917 rr.). flr., 1923. Hueercs B Br.rAy Br,rcryn,'reHHe f. B. fl.irexanosa s xeHeBcKoM 3a.rre <<Xau,laepr>> 3l oxra6pa 1902 r. e HHKa...>

B. 14. Jleutua <<Ha conpeMeHnbre -no peQepary . (Oruoruenun c.-A. u c.-p.) >.- B,na4nr'lnp V$,tt r .IIeHnH. Euorp. xpounxa. T. I. M., 1970. C. 414. -f. K y x.rr-lr H A. Id'leu <<Xugsrl>. Crpauuua u3 lrcro' pfir. peBoJrroquossofi nesarlr. fleuena, 1904. C. 20-23. r0 loprrufi M. Co6p. co,r. B 30-rlr rolrax. T. 28. M.. 1954. C. 231. ,t floApo6see cM.: r{epunen B. IO <Xpontrxa...> c. 177-178, t94. 12 II o c c e B. A. Teopua H npaKrnKa npoJrerapcKoro npeHlrrx

reMr,f

"

Xenesa, I905: 951 c. <<f coguarc Terrepb, rrro B gTrrx npeAnn.{enuax 6n,'ro MHoro yronuqecKoro, Ho Moq yronnr 6u,ra yronr.reii KorlrMyHr.rcrHqecxori...> Ilocce B. A. Mofi xugHesuurl couua,'ru3Ma. 13

nyru. C. 333. r{ O Aesre,rluocru <TpyAoBoro coro3a> crra.: IlfI,lAJI. o. 569. On. 13. [.22 r: flocce B. A. Mofi xgsueuHr,rfi nyrr. C. 427-440. Hcropux aHapxH3Ma C. H. Kanee cqu-

raer B. A. flocce oAHuM lr3 HAeoJrofoB aHapxo-cr.rHAriKas BnAlr B <TpyAoaorr,r coro3e) crpeulenue flocce

.rru3Ma

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u auapiusu. lls ucropnn

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rr.). M.,

1987. C. 233. K.-Ea.n-


AlrH onpeAedrr.ser uAeu

B. A. flocce rar

xooneparuauufi

peQoptrlnerrr.- DanAuu. -l(, lTpyaolori cotos> ll trle:ouurpaAcKafl nauopaMa. 1990. Ne 8. C. 32. Ha uaru B3r,'tfll, AeflreJlbHocrb B. A. flocce s <,TpyAoBoM co!o3e> nporeKa,ra B pa3Burae uAeft ero <.llpoexra flponerapcKoii nporpaMMbr> 1903 r. 15 Pyccroe sHaMs. 1907. 30 Hrcss.

'6 Ull4A,II. O. 569. On. 13. [. 22 r. JI. 510. Xeaenoe Hnxoraft Huxolaeguq 6u.n ue ro,'I[,Ko q[HoBHHKoM Oxpanxoro orAe,'IeHus, Ho I.I BITAHbTM qepHocoreHllelil: npeAceAarenerra

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Ii t7 JIeirrvHa-Cnupcxas B. P. Pyccxaa uure,r,'rureHur{t e 1900-1917 roAax. M., 1981. C. 70. 18 III a,r a ra o e B. tlerrepraa Bo.rror,n,a // Haue uaTeJreM

ta3erbl <<lpoaa>.

c.rerne. 1988. Nb 3. C. 60. re IJ,rpxy,rapuat reJlerpaMMa MaHltcrpa BHyrpeHHI.D( :e,r H. A. MaxJrarosa ry6epnaropaM or 29 cenrn6pn

l9l4 r. Ie 9l // II|I'IAJI. O. 5Og. On. 13. [.22a. il.88. 20 fI o c c e B. A. Or KanararusMa K KoMMyHIt3My. IIr., 1917. C. 55, 57, 63. 2r Il o c c e B. Boesat rn Poccuu c fepuanueri // Xngur Anfl Bcex. 1917. M 5 (uafl). C. 609. 22 flocce B. Cosect H Brracrb. BofiHa n MAp ll Tau xe.

N 7-9

(uto,nr-ceurn6pr). C. 609.

Xueur Ant Bcex. 1917. Nb 4 (uafi). C. 531-534. M. f opbKnn - V. A. fpysa,eay, 18-19 Senparn 1930, Coppenro // flepenucxa M. foprxoro. T. 2. M.. 1986. C. 290. 2s BtlxupeBa P. Kax t yqllracb no,urrparraore // 23 24

Koucorr,rolrcxas npaBAa. 1987. 23 oxra6pa. 26

CxounHux M.

BocnouusaHss,

o6

I'l,rrnqe

(1917-l9l-8). M., 1965. C. 19. Ilepeuu nopyqeulreM B. H. Jlenuna M. H. Crpunnnr 6ulo neperonopl'Irb no releQony c B. A. flocce n BblficHlrrb, <<Her JIH Tyr nyc'

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c. 3-4.

2s Karopra

30

lI

ccblrlKa. 1923. Ks. 7. C.296.

flocce B. A. Mofi xrsuelruuft nyrr. C. III.

3r Karopra H ccblrlKa. 1930. 32

1917

Apxus H. A. flocce.

Ks. 2(63). C. 194-196.

FOA: OT QEBPAJIfl AO BPECTA

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rrreMy, r.r reM He MeHee uupnuft Aorotsop 6ul no4nucan 6es o6cyx4esufi n Bo3palreHnfi lta. JleunubrM, raKnr\{ o6pa-

sou, nu6pasa 6u.na [ep'Bag r.r3 BbIcraBJreHHbIx MHoIo BogMOXHbIX aJrbTepHaTr.rB, Vt fl IIOHSJI, qTO 3TO CaMOe pa3yMHOe.

B qe.rona psAe AoKJraAoB s ropflrro orcrar.rBaJr pe[reHlre rroAlucarb Epecr-Jlnroecxnft uupuuft AoroBop, r.t ro coqyBcrBHe, Koropoe BcrpeqarH MoH AoBoAbr co cropoHbr pa6oqax Ir coJrAar, y6ex4a.no Menfl, qro noguuuq JreBbrx KoMMyHHCTOB H JreBbrX SCepOB, CTOflBTITHX 3a peBOJTTOUAOHHyTO eofiuy, He HMeer onopbl B Maccax.

230


IIPl|MEqAHU'I

I

16 anpean 1908 na

I

Bcepoccr.rficKoM KooneparnBcAeJIaJI Aox;ra.i <3a4avn XOOnepaqsn soo6ule H B rlacrHocTr.I e Poccul{). AeIIpeAceAaxypnufi noruqeftcxnft qHHoBHRK rpe6ouaa

HoM c6e3rre'e Mocrse

B. A. lloice

or

reJrs ctesAa npoQeccopa A. C. flocrsllKoBa ocraHoBl{rb

H 3anDeTnTb eMV H3JIOXeHHe nporpaMM HeJIe' ri.nsnirx naprnfi. 3ro c,qsiano se 6uao ri B. A. flocce loJrarar, qro gTuM BHSBaHO npe)KAeBpeMeHHOe 3aKpbITIte oDaToDa

cbe3Aa.- Pyccroe cJroso. 1908. 17 anpe.nn; Ilocce B. A. Mofr xngHeunufi nyrr. M.; JI., 1929.-C. 436-437. 2

19-22

Qeepana

lglT r. B flepMn

3aceAano Co6-

panue ynoJruoMorreHnbrx Ceaepo-Bocroqnoro con3a ttorpe6nre.nnnux o6qecrs, a 17-19 Qeapa;rn B nopoAcxoM rearpe B. A. flocce rluran reKquu <Be,Ino-qenoBeqecKoe',

*Ayiua xeHurrinbl>,

<OcHosH eAoposofi

u xpacuaoft xt'ts'

or Aeftcrnstealsocrlt K HAeaJIyt.- flepn,tcran xlr3Hb. 1917. l7-19 Qeaparr. 3 23-25 rperpa.nn B My3HKaJIbHotrr yrnrnule Exarepnn6ypra B. A, flocce npouen JreKuxH uAyrua xeHIItsHu>, <Cvacme rl cMblc.tt xu3Hn), <[yua My)KqHHbl>.Hn:

Vpa;rrcrax xn3lrb. 1917. 23-25 $eapaaa.

a 3a anrusoennHe .rreKqlru r Capanyae <O fepuanun HeMrlax> n <Harun coro3Hr.iKu> gstcxuft ry6epuamp noAsepr B. A. flocce aAMr.rHncrparnBHoMy BsbrcKauulo, a

H

Mr{Hr{crp BHyrpeHHEx Aen H. A. Maxraxos sanpernn B. A. flocce ny6ruvaue BbrcrytrireHlrff. 5 B flerporpaa B. A. flocce suexaa 26 Qespa;rr n

npn6u,n I uapra. e Mra xenesnoAopoxHafl craHquq s 32 xM. or flerporpa4a.7 PeAaxqng rI KoHTopa <Xusnn AnrI Bcex> noMerqaJlncb HeAaJreKo or HnxoaaeBcKoro BoK3a;ra, ua y;ruqe XyKoBcKoro, 22, t<saprupa 14. 3necr )Ke BcKope pa3Mecrxaucu Oprrouurer BcepoccufiCxoro Koo[eparnBa npocBeTIITenbHoft caMorroMoulu <XugHb AJrrr Bcex> u Coros unayrqecrBeHHoro u rpyAoBoro paBeHcrBa. 8 qEPKACOB llanreaefi fpunoprernl roroMcreeuubrir nocernufi rpaxAauuH, xypHanucr, -aBTop nonurnqecKr{x cratefi s <XugHr.r AJrr Bcex>, c ceurr6px 1917 r. peAaKrop xypuana; qneH rrpaBneHus Kooleparuga <XusHb ,u,,'Is Bcex).

e Exarepunuucxufi saa-caMHfi 6oaruofi a TaopuqecKoM 4eope 6e"noxo,nosuufi 3aJr-raJrepes nepea sa.riqrr,r IocyAapcraennoft ,qyuu, craBrrreM s l9l7 r. MecroM saceAaur.rfi flerporpaAcrono Coseta pa6ouux s conAarcKnx AefiyraroB.

EPEIIIKO-EPEIIIKOBCKHR Hnxoaafi Hurorae-

'0 nuu (1874-1943)

pyccxofi peBonro- cun <6a6yurxu qun> E. K. Dpeuruo-Epeurxoacxofi, nloAosnrhrfi 6yarrapuuft xypna,nncr, rrucareJrb, Knnocuenaplrcr, xyAoxecrBeHnufi rpnrnx. fleqaraaca e <bupxeaHx ae4ouocrax>, <HrB€>, <<Cuneru xypuane> n ap. C 1920 r. B sMlrpaqt.Ill, r4e ony6ruroBan ex{e 6olee 30 porrlauon.C;ryxrrn B opra-

231


Hax QauncrcKofi flponaraHAbr, Iloru6 npu 6oM6ex{Ke Eep.rruHa.

.

3erurycapauu 6u.nu npo3BaHbr cnyx{auue 3europa

(frannono no cHa6xesup apMnr{ KoMnrera

Bcepoccnfi-

u ropo,qcroro coroooB), aefictsogasulel9l5 r. no Mapr l9l8 r. Ilocperuu.rar e nu.

cKoro seMcKoro

ro c

uroJrr norHeHnn BoeHHbrx 3aKa3oB B npoMrJuneunocrll, 3europ gB.IIqJ|cfl B,[rrflTeIbHHIt noJIItTUqecKI.IM UeHTpOII TOpTOBOnpoMbrurneHHofi 6ypxyasun

tr KEPEHCKII

Aaercau4p

Oe,qoporr.t

(1881-1970) ecep, sarqnrnrrK Ha noflurnqe- aABoKar, cKtrx npoqeccax, npeAceAarenb Qparquu rpyAoBr.rr{oB IV foc. AyMbr, c ;r6ta 1916 r. rei6pa.nnuu! 'cexperapr MacoxcKoro Bepxonuoro Cosera Beauroro Bocroxa sapoAoB Poccus, c 27 $enpa.rq l9l7 r. qJreH Bperrrenxoro KoMurera

foc. ayuu (BK|A) s roBapurrt (sauecrure,'rr)

npeAceAareJrr flerponpa4cxoro Couera, c 2 Mapra MnHracTp rocT[rt]r[ u reHepaJr-npoKypop, 5 uaR I ceura6-

pa aoeuuui n uopcxofi

rnaBa npaBureJrbcrBa H

8 upns - 25 orct6pn - BepxoBHbrft c 30 aBrycTa raKxe

MHHHcrp,

c l9l8 r. eMHfpaHr. IIXELIA3E Hnxolafi (Kapao) CeneHorx'l (18*-1926) - oAHH a3 ocHoBarenefi rpyenncxofi couuan-,qeMoKparnu, q.[eH Macoucroro Bepxoanoro Conera, npeAceAarenb $paxqnu MeHbrrreBr.rKoB IV loc. ,u,yMbr. B l9l7 r. q;res BKIA, 27 Sespatn - 3l aarycra npejr,ceAarurr flerporpaAcKoro Conera, 16 unnq-25 oxrx6pn upeAceAarenb IIIIK Coseros. B l9l8 r. npeAce,u,arelr 3aKaBKa3cxoro ceftua c npaBaMr.r upeenAeHTa pecny6;rurn, r,'raBHoKoMaHAyroutlifi. 12

1919-1921 rr. rJraBa npaBurenbcrBa n npe,(cerarear VqpeAureJrbHoro co6paHn'I fpysuu. floxouqun carrloy6uftctBoM Bo @pauqnu. t3 Tpy,u,oaan rpy[na Bo3Hr{KJra g 1906 r. KaK 3aqaTOK .7rera.nbHofi xpectrxucrofi naprHH u3 HHTeJ.[EreHToBHapoAHnKoB H KPeCTbrn AerryraroB foc. Ayrrau. Bncrynana ga AeMoKpaTHqecKue cno6oAr,t, napJraMeHTcKoe HapoAoBnacr[e, HaqnoHaJIH3aqulo nouegluqrefi serunu, 8-uacoooii pa6ovufi AeHr. Ha V cresAe B anpene 1917 r. npo-

Bo3ruracuJra ce6q coqlraauctuqecxoft naprueft, s rrrcHe o6tTpyAoayro uaeAsErrnacb c HapoAHr,rMu couHaJtucTaMr.r

r

poAHo-coquarHcrnqecKyro traprnlo, rpe6oaaeruyrc co3btBa V'rpe4nrearuoro co6paxna u HaqlloHaJIbHoro caMoonpeAeneHHr B paMKax eAunofi AeMoKparHqecxoii pecny6,rurn Poccr.ul.

la flecxaun nnrepuhl Ha3HBaJIH KBapranbt sAoilr CyBo3HrKlllne Ha necqaHblx MopcKr.rx orJroxesusx. B l9l7 r.- PoxAecrseHcrnfi pafiou, rAe HaxoAHnNcr Tanpuuecruft Aeopeu u Cuonrsufi. 16 BOAOBO30B Bacruufi Bacn;rrernq (1864-1933) topncr, eKoHoMrrcr, ny6ruqucr-napo4EOpOBCKOTO npOCneKTa,

- co3AaHHr uaAxJraccogoft flaprl{rr rpyAtHHK, cropoHnuK ullrxcfl. B 1906-1917 rr. q.tleH Tpy,uoaofi npynnu, BxoAHn B ee IIK. B nePEyK, MHpoByK, nofiny-(nopaxe-

geq>, cropoxulK HeMeAneHHoro 3arnloueuna uupa. flo-

Korirrr{Jr

232

c co6oro B gMurpal{Hlr.


qAHKOBCKI4N

16

Hxro.rrafi

(1850-1926)

Bacfiflreel,tq

cryAeHr{ecKoro Kpy}KKa <<qaft- yqacrHuK KoBr{eB>, orKpbtB[rero xor{AeHne B HapoA. B l8Z4-1907rr. B eMrrp_auur, c 1904 r. ocep. flo -nosepauqennlr npoBeJl ro.q r flerponaeroscxofi Kpenocrrr, nopBan c gcepaMu, cTaJr .[efaJIbHbIM KoonepaTrrBHblM AetTeJreM H BHAHbIM Macosonr. B nepByro [r]rpoByro aofiHy oprauu3arop npoAo-

eorlcrseHHoft noMoxlH tfpoHry, yttor'lHoMoqeHHnfi flerporpa.qcKofo o6,ractHoro KoMI-rrera Bcepocctrfrcxoro coro3a ropoAoB, npesr.rAeHr I,'lrraneparopcxoro- Bo,nrno-eroHorr.ulqecKoro o6qecraa. B l9l7 f.- <<AeAyrrrKa pyccrofi peooqt.ltl>, ,ureH l4cno,rroMoe flerporpiacxor6 - Coeera p. u C. {.---u _Bcepoccuficxoro Coderd KpecrbrHcKux Aenyraros, UK Tpyaoeofi HapoAuo-coqaalucruqecrofi naprui.r, 6opeu c 6onrruesasMorrl. C arrycra 1918 r. raaBa npa-

o6lacrn, a Qenpane rvrapre p{HgpyccKofo npaeurelrcrna. Sruurpaur. I{9t '? 3APyAHblH A,nexcan4p C-epreenuu (1863-1934) 9^P-ll_ct, ^ -3au{}rrHuK no Ae.qy llerep6yprcxoro Cosera 1905-1906 rr. u Ha Apyrrx nofluraqecKux npoqeccax. B l9l3 r. Ao6r-r,rcs onpaajaHnr B. A. flocce. 66suHeuHoro B KorrlyHcrBe sa ny6,rraxaquto s <<Xu3Hlr AJrr Bcex> crarerl ,rl. H. To,rcroro, u cral'I roptlcKogcyJrbroM )KvDHana. C r',r4p1a l9l7 n. Ao BecHbr lglS r. nap6aHurfi coqlr'arrcr. B 1917 r. B Mapre- alper're roBapr.ru MuHucrpa rocril4uu, 23 nroJrfl 27 azrycra MuHlrcrp rocrrlqnlr. floe4uee npeloAaBaJr B By3ax Jlenuurpa4a. 18 CTPyBE flerp Eepnnapsonur (1820-1944) gKoHoMt'lcr, HcropHK, QHnocoQ, TeoperuK <Jrera.rrbHoro MapKcH3Ma> u xaAercrofi flapruu. B l9l7 r. npoQeccop IlorurexnnqecKoro r.rHcraryra, B anpene arapexiop 2-rb AelapraMeHra MHA, c fl. H. IIu"rroKoBbrM yure.r B orcraBKy; c 13 [raq alaaer,lux (rlcx.nrcueu B 1028 r.) ; pexypHar'roB <<Pyccxar Barer'rbcrBa Celepnori t920_ r._

AaKrop

Aa>; yqacrHr.tx

MbrcJ'rb> r.r

<Pyccxar cro6o-

loc. coseqar'\ts, v llpeanap"raueura. Opra-.ILe-

HH3arop Ee,noro AB[]KeHuq, BxoAnJ'r B npaBr.rrerbcrsa HrlKHHa u BpaHre.nn. Sur.rrpaur. re Hueetcs B BI.IAy rroAaBJregr.re Hrcnlcxoro Boccra-

pa6ovux flapnxa 1848 n. n flapuxcrofi KoMMyHbr !!!_ l87l r. ,0 EOHq-EPyEBI,Iq Bla4xmnp ,l|lrtrplleauu (1873-1955) rr. u.uei coqua,r-AeMoKpa- s 1902-1903 ru,recxofi opfaunsa[r{lr <)(nsnu, c 1903 r.6omureslx.

B l910-1918 rr. rnaBa .rrerarrbuoro rsAarenbcrBa PCAPE <<Xusnb t.l 3Haur.re>. B 1917 r. qren Zcuo.nxoua flerponpaAcroro Cosera, r 4nu OenpanbcKori peBonror(nlr c Bo-

opyxenuofi rpynnoft 3aurn rr{florpaQuo <laseru-xonefira3erbr <l4snecrug flerporpaAcxoro Cosera>, B Mapre-alpene oAHH lrg ee peAaKToKr.r> H _HaJraAHn BbrnycK

poB,

B

Hro.ne

aBrycre rrreH peAaKqulr 6onnuegucrcroft

- H coJ'rAar). na3erbr <Pa6oqultr

C Hoa6pa l9l7 r. tro oKr. ynpaBnqroutnfi 4e.naruu CHK. flosaHee Ha Hayuuofi pa6ore. 2l HEKPACOB Hrroaafi Bnccapnonornu (1879-1940) rpafiue resuft q,'reu IIK raAeron, c urcnq 1917 r.- e Pa,4zxa,'rbHo-AeMoKparuqecxofi naprr.ru. tlnen ra6pl

1920

uacoscxoro Bepxonuono Cosera. Tosapnq npeA-

I

r-146

233


ceAare!'rq

ra-2

IV foc. [ynu. B

1917

r.

'{,leH

BKfA, 2 uap'

uwnq nrHHucrp nyrefi coo6qeunft, aareu MIlHI.lcrp -roBaplru1 MHHI-lcrpa6es noprQeaa, 24 uronn - 26 aerycra A. (D. Kepencxoro) Il -trlunpeaceaaie.ra (aavecrure'nt uuc,rp $uuaucoe, n ceura6pe - oxm6pe reuepa,r-ry6epuarop Ourr,rnHlttn. flog.qHee pa6ora.n B Koonepaqnu, ttperoAaBan. B 1930 r. penpecct'rpoBaH, orJlllqHJIcfl Ha crponre.nbcrBe Ee.loraopcko-Ea,rlttit?croro KaHa,'la. florn6 s 3

atiilvJqeIIIil{.

,, BEJIHqKnHA

Bepa Muxafi.rrosua (1869-1918) c 1903 r. 6olr-

BDaq. vriacrnHua opraHH3atlt.rt{ <<)KIlsHb>,

uieeriutiu. B 1905 i. pa6ora,ra B flerep6yprcrorrl Coeere oa6oqux llenvraroB. B 1917 r. Ao Mas ceKperapb peAal(qHu nl,lssecrufi flerporpalcKoto Cosera>, 3areM qaeH peAaltquu 6oJrrruesucrcroio xypna.rla <Pa6orsn[a> ^u 6topo PoxAecr"escxoro paiiroua 6orsruesttxoa. B 1918 r' pa6orana B uapKoMarax flpocBeuleuut u 3ApaBooxpaHeHfiq. Heo,4noxparuo JIeqrJIa B. 14. .Ilenuua.

B,rap,uuuponuu Hlxo,lafi Py3CKllIl us po,{a JIepor NHSaurepnrr, feHepan '1916 r.- 25 anpe,rn l9l7 r. rrasr'ro"to""x. i anrycra lloxouasAytoulnfi CenepHltu Qpo+lrou (8. !-yKonxcu g. a. nocc. oriu6oqno-- Cenepb-3ananuurn)' He o6naAafl AapoM [o,rlKoBoAI-Ia, Ee rHyulaJict A"'I-q Kapbepil 06Hrixo'raq II oriuuruioi" r fp. Pacnyrnny. V6exAan peunca or: npecrona H OTKa3aJlCg noc"Iarb BOiaCKa Ha noian,renue peBo,'trcut{tl, o qeM- BcKope ropbKo coxa'Ile'[' floc,re otcra"ru .rleqsrcfl n Muuepa,rrHblx BoAax' B3sr 6o,'nuresnraun s 1918 r. B 3aJloxHl'lru u y6ur no npu-

'3 (1854-1918)

roBopy peBo,'trculloHHofi rPoftril.

,4 I43fHAHHI4K rceBAounru OXOTI'IHA Huronaq - no3ra fi IIp03aI'IKa. CeMeHoenqa (p. 1885), 25 B npa3AHnKe peBortloqull, B XapbKose, 16^^trlapra 1917 r. yqactsosar" 300 ruc. qe,loBeK' It3 r{IIx 100 ruc' B uecrBnl.{,

,[.nHBIUeMcs

c ll ao 17 qacos. co;r,qaru

ro-p-

)KecrBeHHo npficmHyrlH Bperuennouy npaeNre'nrctny' Bo rJaBe ux luJla MaIIIHHa C BOeHHbIM KOMI',ICCapOM L KOMeHtraHToM napHu3oHa KHe3eM Tapxan-MoypaBoBblM' 3a uu' rrrN ruecreo'Baalr pa6oune, rpynna ocBo6oxAeHHbIx IToJII.IT3aK,'IrcqeHHbrx, yqaufiecfi H 3aMbIKaJIa <(IiHOpoAqecKafl c npusblBoM K BoI'IHe KoMaHAa)>. [Ipeo6,raAa;ru ,'lo3yHrH -

ao ro8.at, i,Korla soilcra noAolxJlll K Huroraegcrofi rreDKBr.I. Da3aa,rcq ropxecrBeuHblfi asoH, nponogneruufi nrjoti..."ro>.- IOxnuir xpafi. 1917. l8 napra' "-.b XPAIOBI4UKLIPI A'trercefi '6 AHTOHI'ln, B Mr'Ipy flaeroenq (1863-1936) - s l914-1917 nr' apxnenncron Xapsxoscxuft n Axrupcxuft. Vgo.nes Bpeuetlttltu npasl.tre,rrrcison ua uoroft B BaraaMcKfifi uonacrupr, Ho- B aBfycre

BoccraHoBJIeH Bcepocct'tiicxltM noMecrH['IM cooo-

p"i"'.-t<t"araar B narpuapi'; BosseAeH narpuapxou TuxoHoM B MuTpono,'lllrbl, c I\:J:i l91B r. MHrpononnT KIt' escrut. Srtaurpupona;r r Cep6nro, rrre s i 921 r' Bo3rJIanu"r Kapaoeairirfi pacxo; Pyccrofi nparoclaauoft qepxsa, nepeufi rrasa ee elrnrpanrcxofi uacu'I. 27 B XaosKoee B. A. flocce qrrra.n JIeKqI'Iu 9-15 uap'

ra. 234

Jlerqnx'<<PeBoJtrcuuq, Vupe4ure;lraoe co6paulre' pec'


n 15 uapra o Eols6ou rearpe.-Ioxuufi xpafi. 1917. 14, 15 uapra. :8 flocce B. A. VvpeAlrrerrbHoe co6paHr.re. flr., 1917. [y6nr.rKa> npoqr.rraua riM .(BaxAbr, 14

8c.

,e

JIyPnt Aapou IIannoBHq - HHxeHep-TexnoJror, r. ocHoBaJr coqlraJr-AeMoKparnqecKyro rpynny <Pa6ul saxnrcven n llerponaBnoBcKyro Kpenocrb rr cocJran a Cu6upr. B l9l5 r. Bbruer us PCAPil, n 1917 r. uapo.quurl coquaJrr.rcr. flocre 6ercrsa BpaHre.nn us Kpulra oKa3aJrcr cpeAu Tbrorq 6ess[HHo paccrpe.ltqHur,rx qeKucraMn g Cegacrono.ne.- Me.nsrvson C. II. Kpacrufi reppop B Poccnn. i!1., 1990. C. 69. fasera <loxsue BeAoMocrH> BbrxoAr.rr'ra n CuuQepono;le c 1906r. B rraapre 1917 r. ee peAaKroporvr 3Haqr{r'rcr C. E. Eusxos. s

1897

6oqee gHaua>,

30 Beveponr 23 lrapra CuuQepono.irlcrar enpeftcxaa o6uluua co6pa,'racb a xopa,rnnofi clrnarore no cJryqarc u3. gauur BpeueHHbrM npaBflTe"'rbcrBoM nocraHoBJreHr.rff or 20 xtapra o6 orruese BeponcnoBelHbrx u HaquoHa,rybHbrx

flocre necHoneHuft n 6.naro.4apcrBeHHbrx Ayxonuufr paBBr-rg Kpeuruep, o6qecrgesusrfi paBBr.iH C. C. Bilaepuafin, A, D. ,[,eprraaa, B. A. Ilocce, A. II. ,Ilypnr. Bce, xporrre flocce, npuanaaorpauaueuuii.

Mo,'rr.rrB BbIcrynH"TLI

nn K orpaxeHrllo

BHeruHero Bpara. O6uluua HanpaBHna

npr.rBercrBenuyro reJrerpaMMy B peuenno,ray flpaBnrenbcrBy. 3l <<Crllgoe BneqarJreHae npolt3Beno [DoqvBcrBeHHoe

cr'roBo nureparopa

rbqM-eBpeqM

or

B. A. Ilocce, o6parneureroia x 6papycKcofo HapoAa. B. A. Iloccc

r.rMeHr4

npocfin npocTr.rTb TeMHbrM pyccKnM nro.(flM

HaHeceHHbre

o6uAu rr ApyxHo vATn c pyccKHM HapoAoM r o6qefi po4unbr, Koropyrc eBper Bcer,(a lrc6nlu>. - 6"rary peva A. fl. ,Ilypua cKa3a,rr, qro <eBpeeB yrneB orseruofi raJr He pyccxufi HapoA, a y3ypnaropbr rpaB pyccroro Har.nrr.r qe,'rfi

poAa, KorqyncrBenHo flpuKpbrBaBrur.tecr ero uueneu... Pyccrltft xe uapoA 6Hr scerAa npan4o.lrrc6ur s, noryqarl ceo6o.4y, eAHHbrM B3MaxoM noKoHquJI

c

BepoucnoBe,(HbiMH orpaHr.rqeHflsMlr>.-

ru. 1917.25 n,tapra.

HaIIIToHaJ'tbHbIMI.I n

IOxHue

BeAoMoc-

32 B Cegacrono;re 25 u 26 uaDra B 3r{MHeM [oMer[eHrru ropoAcroro o6lqecrBeHHoro io6paHzr B. A. floc-

ce qfira,'r

,'reKrluro <O6 VupeAnre,r*roli co6paunu

u

pe-

BOJIIOqI-lH>.

33 6o,{Ho

54TKI'IH tDeAop (e pyKonnc1. B. A. flocce ourr.rba6i<nu) scep, 6nsruraft cryAeHr llerporpaA-

cKoro -TexHoJ'rort.trrecKoro uHcrnryra. floc,re Qeapa.nrcxofi peBo,'rrcquE nocryttr.rJ'r BonbHoonpeAeflsroulr.rMcq

r,topcxnfi

{lor, rAe

TopoM, arr{TrapoBa,'r 3a HacryfiJreur.re

Be

ua tlepno-

craJr u3BecrHbrM MrrEHroBbrM opa-

ua

B

Sponre. AeJrefauru tlepuouopcxoro Q;lora a Mae

cocra-

nocerr.rJr

flerporpa4, 3areM esAur't rro 3anaAHoMy Qponry. flogAuee yrracrHr.rK 1-ro Ky6ancroro (Jlegauoro) noxoAa reH. JL l. Kopuu.nona, pa6orafl B PocroBcKoM ocBeAoMnreJrbHoM arrrraur.roHHoM orAene Ao6posomqecrofi apMr.r[.

SuHrpuponan,

xagru 6era.

g

KoHcraHTHHonoJre opnaHu3oBbrBail Tapa-

3a B eroru B. A. llocce ne 6u"r HcKJrroqeHueM. 26 uapTa oH npeAno)KHn cJ'IyuaTeJIflM JIeKrIuu npr,rBeTcTBoBaTb

9r

235


Br.r[e-aAMupana A. B. Kolqara, <<qro 6uno u ucloJlHeHo B ror )Ke ,qeHb>.-Kpurucruri BecrHI.tK. 1917. 29 rraapra.

KOJIqAK A,rexcan4p Bacnmesuq (1874-1920)

$.norono4er1, no.nnpuuit HccJIeAoBareJIl, rltAporpaS, soTeopertlK, Macrep MIiHHofo Aena, oAIIH I'I3 euuo-uopct<oft noxaeft Ee,roro ABsxeHI'It. 3a ounque a Pyccro-fnouHarpaxAell SorlorblM IiMeHHbIM opyxlleM. cKvlo sofiHV -cosAair.rs Mopcxoro feuepa;lr,noro ulTa6a. B I,ftiuur.rarop nepByro MIrpoByIo roftuy opranu3oBaJl HaAex{Hyrc MIiH_HyK) saulury MopcKoro nyrn B flerporpaA. C 28 }rroHq 1916r. BHrre-aAMr{pan, xovlau4yroruufr 9epnon'Iopct<uu Q.noroIra.

6 arcss 1917 r.

orcrpageu

or Ao,'llKHocrli AeJIetarcKIlM lt pa6ouux Cegacronons.

co6pauuervl MarpocoB, conAar

He xeraq c.{ari csoe 3o,roroe opy)Kue, cr'loMaJl u 6poclt.n B MoDe. B flerporpa.u,e Bolren B KoHc[]IparI'IBHbIfi KoHTp-

DeBo;lounoHHnir <Pecny6nnrascxufi I{eHTp>' uaMetllsuuft iro s a"i tatopH. Xe,ilaq us6aslltr, ce6g ot gTofi onac' Hocrl.r, BpeMenuoe npaanrem,crso 28 unHt IIocraHoBIiJlo xouau4uposat Ko,rqara e CIIIA B cocraBe cllequaJlbHoft MopcKofi Mncclllt, AJI' [ocraHoBKI'I MllHHoro Aena Ha aMepEKAHcKoM Slore. B oxra6pe 1918 r. npu6r'u us-ea OMcK, 4 son6ps Ha3HaqeH BoeHHbIM Ir Mopci<u" u"""crporrt .l,uperropuu, a Houl Ha 18 Hofl6pq op'

roaiuuu B

raHr.rSoBaJr goessufi nepeBopor, craB BepxoBHbIM rJIaBo6lsgnB ce6s BepxoBHbIM npaBureHoKoMaHAyloururra

u

rervr Poccuficxoro rocyAapcrBa, ycraHoBlrn x(ecroxylo AIIKrarypy. floc;re pasrpoMa ero softcx, sblAaH IrHocrpaH,HYMH r.rHrepBeHrauu 15 flHBapfl 1920 r. Plpxyrcxouy tsPK

n 7 Qerpann paccrPe,'IflH' 3s BEPXOBCKIn A,lercau4p llsaHoruq yqacrHllK Pyccro-flnoucKoft, nepBoft MIr(1386-1938) BofiH. B l9l7 r. noAnoJIKoBHlIK' rjosofi u rphxa,aicxofi haqa,nrunx' gepnouopcxofi Ansugll-u,

HrrK,

c3

nrc.ns ro'tlKoB-

xouasAy-louruft- soficxaMl'I MocKogcxoro BoeHHofo

OKpyra, pyKOBOAI{n yCMI{peHueM p€Boa'IIOIIHoHHbIX BbIcTyn-

Mqre)Ke reH' leillfi co.riaar H. Honropoaa u Tuepu, flplr npaBlrreJlbcrJI. l. KopuunoBa noAAepxa;t- BpeltenHoe so, c 30 inrycta renepair-ruafiop fenuna6a il soeHHblft Mr{Hricrp, cropouuur BbIxoAa. Poccl'll't tlg sofiHbl Il AeMo6uJrfisaqulr apunu, noerorray 20--oxu6pt BblIueJI B orcraB1918 i. apecronaH BLII(, sarel{ Mo6r'uIH3oBaH B

xv. B

K"pa&Vro apMLIro.

B

1922

r.

BoeHHbIfi eKcnepr

escrofi xou$epeuquu, npenoAaBaJl

s

Ha leHy-

BoeHHoft aK

Aevtrlr^

PKKA, c 1936 r. KoMKop. Penpeccupoeau.

npuesAy flJrexaHosa. Cnpanxa ll flpaela. 1917. Astou He vKa3aH. Closa f. B. flnexaHosa Ha qropilxcxoru xonnpecc6 l4utepnaq-uotta.rla 1893 r- B erofi 3aMerre II3JIoxeHbI rar: <<Ec.nn 6u ueueuruer BoftcKa nepeunn HaIIry rpaHl'tqy, To oHIr nepeilrJll{ 6EI xax ocgo6o36

I

K

anoe,rq.

irre.nr, noio6rio roMy, KaK 100 ner roMy Ha3a.q, QpaHrly3ltr HaquoHaJIbHOrO KOHBeHTa npIIIIJII'I e-fepuauuro, qio6n, no6e.u,ua rocyrapefi, Aarb HapoAy ceo6o4y>' sz [EMbf H EEAHbIR Aner- flplr4eopoa Eilr.ru rleqaraJlct B nost-6olrlleBlrK' ceeBl{q (1883-1945) <Xugsu Ang Bcex>. B- l9l7 r. 3aBeAoBaJI B llegTpanbnb* noen"o-npoMblluJleHHoM KoMurere OrAenou no o6ec236


neqeHilro npoMblrxr'IeHHblx IIpeA[pHflTlIIl pa60'rI.IM cocrarr BXOAnT B InaBHbrft KOMnrer no orcporrKaM or npH3brBa B apMHro. floc,re oxra6pa l9l7 i. BeAyuHfi BOM

6o,rtulesacrcrsfi no:r-arnrarop. B cepeAr.rne 30-x rr. Bna,'r HeMr.r,'rocrb y Crarr.rHa, 6H,r Ircx.nlo.ieH ug naprnlt. EPEMEEB l(oncranrnn Crenanonnq (1874-1931) q;ren PCAPII c 1896 r., 6o.nrureanx, nlrreparop, flceBAoHr.rMbr: AffAr Kocrs, xusgr Kyp6cxufi, M. Me4ne4ea n 4p. Eexas s 1904 r. r.r3 ccbrJrrrr 3a rpaHnqy, rro3naKoMlrJrcf c B. A. Ilocce. B l9l7 r. qrreH Eropo IIK PCAPE(6), corpyAHr{K <flpan4u> lr <<CorAarcrofi npaeArt>, oAI.tH It3

B

opraHnsaropoe Oxra6prcxofo BoccraHna a flerporpa,qe, yqacrHnK npaxAaucrori sofiHbr. flepnnfi peAaKrop xyp-

sana

<<KporoAu,r>.

38

CAU A;rercau4pa Anexcangponna ne- MeAuK, peBoArruqa, yqacrHnqa opraHr-r3arrlr14 <<)(uBur>, nepenpaB-

HeneranbHyro "'rnreparypy a Poccuro, Apyr B. A. Ilocce. 3e Manou E. HnrepHaqroHa,l, ero licropnfi Ir nplruqr.rnbr. fleperog c Qpauqygcroro, c flpeAl{cnoBr.eM. B. A. Ilocce. E. u., 1907. 56 c. 40 f. B. llrexauos rpnexan llr Cau-Peuo orpyxHbrr\,r

rqra

nyreM uepes Ann,nrrc, Ceaepuoe nrope, (DnnrsuAnro n Ho,{rto 3l Mapra ropx{ecrBeHHo Bcrpeqen Ha OlrH,'rrHAcKoM BoK3aJ're. CrpacrHufi cropounnK no6eAu Ha.iI fep-

uauuefi. Kpuruxonan

eto

flerrI rre Borlen B

MeubrrreBr.rKoB-pyKoBoAr.rreneft

porpaAcKoro Conera KaK

<<rroJryJreur.rHqeB>

cocTaB,

4' KAMEHEB (PosenQearn) JIes Eopncoanu qrreu PCAPII c l90l r., oAnH ns pyrogoAnrerefi naprulr 6omruegrxog. B l9l7 r. qleu IIK, oAHH rr3 peAaKropoB <flpar4r,r>, qles l,Icno,rroua fler(1883-1936)

porpaAcKoro Cosera u III,IK Coaeroo, sa 6oree yMepeuHoti nosHUI-tI-r, .leu ,Ileuas. flocJte HrolrCrux Co6ntufi Cu.qe,r r <I(pecrax>, nporuBHnK BoopyxeHHoro B3srr{rl BJIaCTI.I, HO yrIaCTBOBan

B

oKTt6pbCKOM BOCCTaHUU 6OAr-

27 oxrt6pn- 8 uor6pr flepBbrfi 6onruegucrcxuft npe.4ceAare,rr BUHK Coneros, ocraBr.rJr nocr KaK rueBBKoB.

CTODOHHIIK BKJI}OqEI{H'

B

NDABI'TEJIbCTBO MCHbIUCBI'KOB

H

eceioa. rl;ren Ilorur6rcpo'UK PC.4PII(6) r orra6pe

r. u g 1919-1925 rr. flpeaceAarerrb Moccosera n rr. n oAHoBpeMeHHo c 1922 r. 3aMecrnreJrb [peAceAareJrr CHK B. Ii. JIesnHa c 1923 r. nepnufi 4r.rp6rrop l,IHcruryra Jlenuna, c 1924 r. npe.(ceAaie,'lb CoBera rpyAa u o6oponu. Esu s onnoguqr.rn TpoqroMy, sareu Cranuuy, orcrpaHeH or BJracrr.r. Penpeccr.rpoeau. '2 B orserHoft crate <<Boftsa Hapo,[oB n Hayqubrfi coqfiatr.r3M> f. B. llJrexaHoe 06BuHHr <flpan.uy>> n uenpaBAe !r raK pa36scHrJr cBoro [o3r.r[uro: <<.fl aeficrsuTeJIbHo roBopn,'I oro, Ho ttoA HeMeuKnrrt goficraM]r g uo1917

1918-1926

HHMa,l fepMaHr{eB, coqr.raJI-,[eMoKpaTnqecKyro apMnIo, Koropaq, noKoHqug c foresqoJr,'repHaMrr r.r c Apyu.rMr.r HeMeqKr{Mrr rocy.4,apsMr.r, ABuHynacb 6u nporna Porltanoeux, qro6u o6ecnequt cgofi TrrJr or Bo3MoxHoro Hana.regnt u c lrx cropoHbr. Ec;ru 6u 9To npeArronox{eHrre ocyrlecr-

237


B TeqeHr.re HacTogrqefi BofiHbr, To t noBToplln 6i.! To )Ke caMoe. Ho renepr flpori3olu,'ro Heqro nprMo [poTr{BonoJroxHoe. Pyccrar apuan noxonqr{Jra c PouauoiuMn r.r Boroer c BoicKaMa foresqolrepnos. HeMqaM ocraercfl Becrr.r ce6g no orHoueuuro x ueft tax xe, KaK BeJrH ouu ce6s no orHolueHnro x soficralr Qpauqygcroro xoHgenra. Ecru oHH grofo He AeJralor, To err.rgcrBeHHo lroTOMy, rrTO Tenepb oHn flBJrrIoTcfi He peBoJrrolnoHepaMH BHJTOCb

a

r-rMneprraJrucraMr.r

o anperfl.

u

[roBr.rnrrcraM[>.-EAHHcrBo.

1917.

a3 Tegucu <O saAa'rax lponerapnara B .(aunofi peBoJrroqnu> B. LI..Ilenun orr'racuJr 4 aupe;rn l9l7 r. s Tas-

na co6pauuax 6omuresfixoB H yqacrHuron Bcepocclrficxoro coBerrraHfir Coaeroe, 6 anpe.nn aa puqecKoM ABopue

IIK PCAPI(6) . Ony6.nuroaauu 7 anpenn n <<flpaa4e>. (Jlenuu B. I{. Ilo,ru. co6p. cov. T. 31. C. ll3-1l8). Tesncsr HaMeqarru Kypc Ha pa3pbrB c coqHan-AeMoKpara3MoM u napnaMeHrapr.r3MoM, rra flHsJroxeuue BpelreHHofo npaBuTe,'rbcrBa r{ ocyuecrBJreHue co3aceAaHr.ru Eropo

qr{aJrr.rcrHqecKofi peao;rrcqzl,l, co3AaHr{e I(ot'runrepHa, nepeuMeHoBaHr.re PCAPII(6) I(ounyHucrurrecKyro napTUr,o. Te3HCbr npaxge6uo BcrpeqeHbr MeHbureBHKaMu, a

n

cpeAn 6onbueBr{KoB

BbI3BaJILt Al.IcKyccn}o

b.

6u,ru npuuRru. JI.

u

cHarlaJIa Ee

KaMeHes I.i Apyrue 6olruegnxn

cqxTaJrrr Kypc JIeHHHa cJrnIIrKoM pIlcKoBaHHbIM I.I oropBan-

HbrM

or

peanbHoft Aeficrgfirerluocru.

Ha

Cearryqfi

]An-

pemcxor?) Bcepoccuftcrofr rouQepenqua PCAPn

24-29

Kypca. aa

anpeJrr

B. H. .Ileuus Ao6uflct [pHHtrLIt

(6)

cBoero

n ycraB Corosa uruyulecrBeHuoro u e rH.: flocce B. A. Or KanI'ITaJI[trrl'a x xouuliuH3My. nr, 1917. C. 52-61. 15 ryMIIJIEBCKIiH fles Hsanonxq (1890-1976) cosercrnfi nHcareJrb. B 1917-1918 rf. rocrotHHblfi aarcp flporparrtua

TDv.rloBoro DaBeHcrBa

xypHana <Xrsub AJIa Bcex>, ceKperapb Oprxouurera

Bcepoccuficroro KooneparnBa npocBerlirenbHofi cauonoMourn <Xngsr A,'rq Bcex>, aBTop Lt r Qerpa.ne-uapre 1918 r. orBercrBenblfi peAaKrop exeHeAeJIbHI'IKa <BorbHufi nryr>. a6

flosecrr JI.

fyrrrLr.nencxoro <Co6aqufi nepeynox>

ony6,ruronaua s 1927 cosercroft MoJloaexI{.

r. Ir BhI3Ba,'Ia

AIIcKyccHIo

4? BOPOHKOB Ceprefi KrereHrresnq

peAaKrop fa3erH <OMcKflfi secrH[K>

cxaa crioxar, s 6xpcraa Heae.rrs>

pofi), a l9l3 r.

o

s

u xypuana

Mopanlr

1910 r. <Cu6up-

l9l2 r. peAaKrop-lI3aareJlb ra3er (Cuu <Zrunucxltft xpafi> (sarpura [ensy-

peAaKrop-Ir3Aare.rb ra3erbl <Hruuucrar

crenb>,

B.laAuunporrq KOHCTAHCOB Cerex AoK?op MeAHI{IrHbI, repBHM BHAenI{n Bo3LI3 Kpacuofi pu6u, ar,IsraBuefi or' 6y.uure;rr 6oryrusrua 18

(1869-?)

paBneHHfl, r.r co3Aan aHTHroKcnqecKylo cblBopoTKy rIpoTI{B

pn6uoro rAa; aBrop uccreAoeaHllfi o 6y6onnofi qyMe, o io;repe, sblesauuofi 6amepuRrvu BuHonpaAHoro cora, o6 opfaHfi3aqqfi can!.rrapHoro HaA3opa ua 9epnouopcxon 238


TcproBoM Q,nore; ny6.luxona;I orqerhl o AeffrerbHocrll Qeoaocuficxofi flacreioncxoft craHqlln npu Baxrepuo'roruqecrofi na6oparopun @eo,(oclrficroro KapaHrI'IHa' 4e TOKAPEB A,nexcau4p Cepreennr (1874-1943?) -

uy6.nuqucr (nceaAounn'tu: Daxypueo, Heapor), Koofleparop. t{,leu nnrepcroro <Corosa 6opr6lt 3a ocBo6o>xAelr.re' pa6ouero r,raccatt, nporIlBHI.rK- .rieguucxofr <l,lcxon> (niprafiuure K,'IilqKlI: Buurn6ar?;ro, Jleuufi), nn-

eKoHoMr-rcr,

cog-

3Ba,r' pacKoJI'flerep6yprcxofi opraHr'rsaqr'ru

Aas (oiranre" pa6oueh- opranusaqun. 3arurnqeHLIH.

flosAlree

B

cl.tH.u,HKa,'Illcr

-PCAPfl, rr' 1903-1905

H

n

nocJIeAoBareJlb

B. A. flocce, yqacrullK <Tpy,u,oaoro colo3a> Iloc.ne ox' rr6pa 1917 r.-Ha coBercxofi H xossficraeHHoft pa6ote' 50OJlbJlEHEyPfCKI,lH A,nexcaH4p llerpornr' npaBHyK fla_n,ra l, reHepa,'I-aAt' roraHT u reHepaJI or- uuQ-anrepr'ru. Vqactsltx Pyccxo-Ty' peuxofi sofiHsr 1877-1878 rn. llplro6pe,r ll3BecrHocrb KaK bpraHHgarop u noneqHTe,'tb 14acrllryra gKcnepI-IMeHTa,'IbHbfi ueArrunHsl, O6ulecrsa rp$Bocrl4, HapoAsoro Aona r..rMneparopa Haxo.naR II n flerep6ypre' nepBblx qepHo' vopcir.rx KypoproB Kasxaga, noKpoBITg{b yqeHbrx-MeAH-

npuuq (1844-1933)

ros

14. fl.-ila-s,rosa r.r aP.

B

HarraJrbHr.tK BoeHHo-caHKTapnofr

1914-1917

a

rr.

repxornnfi

SBaKyaqnoHHofi qacrtl.

3uurpanr.

5r Bneprue JIeraJIbHo flepeoe Mafi npa3AHoBaJlocb B flerporpaa6 18 anpe,rr (l uan u. cr.)- l9l7 r. Mapcono

loJre cra,.'ro oAHHM H3 Mecr MI.trI'IHroa. C rpyaonuKoB' cny)KHBrrl{x rprl6yHaltr, Bhlcrynanu pyKoBoAI{Tena flerporDaacKoro Cosera, collua.nficrlqecKl.Ix naprltfr H rpynn. 18 urosx s llerporpa,4e flpouna l4rcnrcras Bcepoccuficxal AeMoHcrpar{Hl c yuacrxe-u noJIyMH.IJIHoHa nnrepuee. Ha nefi npeb6;raaa,rlr'6omurestacrcKue no3yHru orcrasKn <10 MLtHHcrpoB-KaIILITarHcroB> ll3 KoaflHlruoHHoro xa6Ngera u nepe,u,auu ncefi rocyAapcrseHHofi Baacrn Conerau, r. e.

co3AaHlIt coIIHaJ'IHcruqecKoro npaBI.lreJlbcrBa. 3ro 6ula flocneruqfl MHpHaq penolrcquouial AeMoucrpaqr'lq 1917r-

n llerporpa4e.

5' ilPOCKYPHHH

Huxorafi

lVlrxafiaornq

crpon;r I fle(1861-1942) - xyAoxHnK-apxr{reKrop, u .ubyrux ropoaaf. B 1917 r. rep6ypre, Mocrne,'Pure

fiBrrr,'rcfi TaK)Ke roBapraurerta ripe,4ceAarels cosera nerpofpaAcKoro BeferapltaHcKoro o