406 Woman Vol.11 No.3 Business

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406 contents featured 8. Lauren Walker


16. The Brothers K David James Duncan

business 18. I Want Her Job Beth Comstock

non-profit 22. Changed Lives Kids helping Kids


24. Whitefish Study Center




12. Wilderness Club

38. Leanne Roberts

28. Courtenay Sprunger

40. Diabetes Tips for Daily Foot Care

34. Alpine Family Dental 46. Dr. Tammy Stenberg, DC

44. immune system


48. Yogis should do Pilates 50. Stress and social media

30. Shareholder and Operating Agreements

52. Balance the Brain


54. the Adams Family 56. DIY Skincare Don’ts 58. Happenings North Valley Hospital 60. Winter Is Coming Keep Smiling

Published by Skirts Publishing six times a year 704 C East 13th St. #138 Whitefish, MT 59937 info@406woman.com Copyright©2018 Skirts Publishing


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View current and past issues of 406 Woman at w w w . 4 0 6 W o m a n . c o m

Go Tell The Trees

n e r u a L er Walk


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By Alyson Iannicelli


When Lauren first told me to go into the woods, allow the trees to hold space for me and to scream - I thought she was crazy. Why would my beloved teacher and mentor recommend screaming in the woods?

One of the foundational energy systems for healing that Lauren Walker teaches in Energy Medicine Yoga is the Five Elements. This system provides guidance on how to understand your personality, emotions, dis-ease patterns and the essence that makes you, you. The 5 Elements are Water, Wood, Fire, Earth and Metal; each falling into a different season: Winter, Spring, Summer, Solstice/Equinox and Fall; each with primary emotional responses. In Lauren’s most recent book, The Energy Medicine Yoga Prescription, she provides an in-depth look at the 5 elements and how imbalances can bring out different ailments of the mind, physical body or one’s emotional well-being. There is an easy quiz in her book to find your element. We all have each of the 5 elements within us, but typically there are one or two that are strongest.

When I first took the 5 Element quiz in one of Lauren’s EMYOGA Teacher Trainings, I discovered I am predominantly Fire, with Metal as my

secondary element. What does this mean? Fire elements are typically people who are very passionate, known to be the life of the party and their first response to stress is anxiety. This was a perfect description for me, specifically anxiety as my stress response. Metal element types are very detail-oriented, organized and have difficulty letting things go. The combination of Fire and Metal in my energy system made it very clear to me why I suffered from anxiety from a young age, it took me a long time to recover and I was full of grief over stressful events. Further, in my quiz, it was very clear that I was deficient in Wood energy, which meant that I was lacking confidence, assertiveness and the ability to express anger in a healthy way. When I get mad, I internalize this feeling, become anxious (fire) and typically cry (metal). This is a clear demonstration of how my fire and metal energy were excessive and my wood energy was lacking. Hence why my “prescription” was to scream, but specifically in the woods, with trees around to help support my release. The healing power of nature is not a new concept. “Earthing” has become another buzzword, like mindfulness, and now the quest to get grounded has begun. Lauren teaches the ancient wisdom of energy medicine, integrated with yoga, to inspire us to look within. One the results of EMYOGA is deep love, appreciation and acceptance of yourself just as you are now, as you continue on your path toward your

Lauren Walker

best self. During the healing process and as you learn to fully and unconditionally love yourself, Lauren always recommends spending time in nature. And, there’s no trick to earthing! Getting your bare feet on the ground is all that is required. In a bustling city, this might seem difficult, but any patch of grass will do or just placing your hands on a tree. EMYOGA gives you permission to be a literal tree hugger, but it’s for a greater purpose than you might think.

Nature is healing. There was a time when every woman in the world had a menstrual cycle that synchronized with the moon’s cycle; this is why our period is deemed our “Moon.” However, due to technological advancements and the overall progression of our society many of us have lost our connection to nature. Generally, as a society, we no longer hunt or gather, instead we go to a store and pick up everything in a pretty package or even order groceries online. We drive, take trains and even fly where we need to go and the idea that a person walks in order to get somewhere seems foreign. Perhaps walking is still a regular habit for people, but even then we have concrete sidewalks to pave our path and grass is no longer our typical landscape. Lauren also teaches how rubber-soled shoes block our connection with the earth. At the bottom of our feet is the start of one of our primary energy pathways, so a rubber-soled shoe, high-heels or anything other than barefeet or leather soled shoes, restricts the energy flow between the Earth and our



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Lauren Walker

body. This lack of connection can cause anxiety, depression or simply fatigue. This is why Lauren chose to live in a place where hunting, gathering, hiking, and being in nature is the norm. She intuitively felt the need to be surrounded by this world, even before she understood the science of its healing power.

When I followed Lauren’s advice and planned my trip to scream in the woods, I felt uncomfortable and scared that other people might hear. I nervously looked around to check that I was alone and on my first scream, I had to plug my ears and close my eyes to help block out the fear. I screamed once, then unplugged my ears and screamed again. I was amazed at how foreign and highpitched my voice sounded. On hikes as a child, I was always taught to bring out of the woods everything we bring in, like food and garbage. However, through the practice of screaming in the woods, I realized that I am allowed to leave my emotional and mental garbage behind. The trees’ root system is stronger than mine, they could take my pain and release it to the Earth easier than I could. Trees breathe in what we breathe out, so I allowed myself to breathe into my discomfort and through my screams, let it out. Screaming alone in the woods was liberating and helped to remind me that the idea of separation between any one of us or any living thing is a facade of the mind. Nature offers us the lessons, wisdom and unconditional love of the universe to support our healing. And I


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felt it, viscerally, when I was done. I felt clear, clean, centered, and more confident than I had in a long time. The trees heard my cries, and returned a sense of power and certainty to me, from their own DNA.

Lauren’s EMYOGA practice provides a lens to observe oneself that is complete and holographic. Taking time to practice yoga in nature, walking outdoors without any distractions or headphones - cherishing the relationship with the all that is around us - is paramount to our healing. When we “unplug” and are able to plug back into our source to find a oneness with the world, we experience healing. Allow the trees, the ancient listeners of our world, to lend an ear to support the release of worries, anger, grief, fear or anxieties. This helps you cultivate the ability to listen in to your highest self. EMYOGA teaches you to uncover the limiting beliefs and unprocessed emotions that bind you, to discover the deep, unconditional love at your core. As you practice EMYOGA, you are able to amplify your healing and share this love out into the world, one energy system at a time. To learn more about Energy Medicine Yoga and the work of Lauren Walker, please visit https:///www.emyoga.net.

About the author… Alyson Iannicelli is the Director of Education at the EMYoga school. She lives in Connecticut.

Taking time to practice yoga in nature, walking outdoors without any distractions or headphones - cherishing the relationship with the all that is around us - is paramount to our healing.

Wilderness Club By Mary Wallace

A Newly Discovered Montana Treasure


Wilderness Club

One might think that the Wilderness Club would be busy getting ready to hibernate for the winter this time of year - it IS a golf resort, after all. One would be wrong. The management and staff at the Wilderness Club, located halfway between Eureka and the Canadian border at Roosville, are actually excitedly gearing up for a new slate of fun, exciting, and distinctly ‘Montana’ winter activities.

From sun-up to sundown this park is fun for the whole family The Wilderness Club offers a wide selection of all-season outdoor activities as well as luxury accommodations designed for comfortable indoor/ outdoor living. The Club boasts a golf pro-shop, restaurant, a family sports park, and an amazing water park complete with hot tub and pools overlooking Wilderness Lake and stunning mountain views. Recent enhancements include the following: EQUESTRIAN CENTER: The Wilderness Club Equestrian Center has designed programs for all ages and levels of rider experience. Guests can enjoy the changing season with trail rides, horse yoga, relays, or choose from any of the daily saddle club activities. Christy Prophet, the new director of the Equestrian Center has brought her 15 beloved horses to insure a great equine experience. “We want to make sure everyone can be involved in this sport; from the youngest to the even the most senior participants.”

Even those who have never “saddled up” before will find riding programs for all skill levels and parents are encouraged to lend a helping hand! Expert riders can expect a fun and more challenging ride. WATERPARK & LAKES: Weather permitting, guests can experience the waterslide, invigorating hot-tub, or relax with our pool-side service. Just steps from the pool area guests can swim, kayak or paddle-board on the calm waters of Wilderness Lake. They can also take a short stroll to the pristine beach on the 90 miles long Lake Koocanusa. LAKESIDE YOGA/OUTDOOR SPA: What better way to start a morning than with yoga on the dock over-looking the serene Wilderness Lake? If the weather is gloomy, a fully equipped indoor fitness studio is available. During warm weather months, guests can listen to birds and enjoy

warm breezes while receiving a pampered massage in the outdoor platform spa tents. WILDERNESS PARK: From sun-up to sundown this park is fun for the whole family with a state-of-the-art ball court, playing field, a mini-amphitheater, restrooms, and will also be home to upcoming tennis courts & jungle gym. HIKING, BIKING & ATV RIDING: For those whose passion is mountain biking, there are several trails in and around the Wilderness Club. Guests can bring their own bike or ATV, or bikes are also available to rent at the resort. Lake Koocanusa is just a short hike, or enjoy the tranquility of hiking on the miles of National Forest Reserve hiking trails surrounding the resort. A camera is a must for wildlife viewing!



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Wilderness Club

DID WE MENTION GOLF? Designed by the legend Sir Nick Faldo, the Wilderness Club championship golf course was listed as the #1 rated resort golf course in Montana by Golf Week. Acclaimed course designer, Sir Nick Faldo, is a sixtime Major Champion and the most successful European golfer in history. Aside from Faldo Designs and a family wine business, Sir Nick is also a Lead Golf Analyst for the PGA Tour on international television networks, and active in junior player development with the Faldo Series. Of the Wilderness Club he says, “This course, with its unbelievably luxurious fairways & greens, is a must see! This course is one of our #FaldoDesign facilities that I am especially proud of.” Faldo loves the area so much that he owns a home at the resort and remains a frequent visitor. He says he loves spending time at the Wilderness Club enjoying a great round of golf and ‘all that is Montana’. “We do our best to make every hole playable from every standard. Beginners will find it a pretty good test, and obviously, from the


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back tees our more experienced players find an even better test.”

upcoming 2019 season. The Club’s Event Team is standing by to assist in planning an epic event.

Wilderness Club golfers agree. Whether a low handicapper or an absolute beginner, golfing guests will find this 18-hole/Par 72 course memorable and challenging, well cared for and beautiful. And of course, in Montana, one never knows what wildlife might show up on the golf course during their round.

WINTER: Several new winter activities have been added! The resort will be offering winter sleigh rides, skijoring, ice skating, sledding, tobogganing, cross-country skiing, and evening bonfires. Hot drinks and s’mores, anyone?

Anthony Sable PGA, the Head Golf Pro, has 20 years experience as a golf professional with public, private, and resort golf facilities. The Club offer lessons, stay and play packages, club rentals and even tournaments. The clubhouse grill, golf shop, luxury accommodations, and resort amenities to make any visit even more memorable.

STAY AND PLAY PACKAGES: With choices ranging from a fully equipped villa suite to a four-bedroom cabin, the Wilderness Club accommodations are appointed with rich craftsmanship, rustic details, and stone fireplaces. Guests can choose a luxury accommodation, that also includes one round of championship golf, or choice of horseback riding, spa treatment, or dinner for two - starting at $129 per person (limited time offer).

WEDDINGS/EVENT VENUE: In response to numerous guest requests, the Wilderness Club has recently geared up for weddings and events. Summer and winter weddings, corporate retreats, family reunions, and other gatherings can now be scheduled starting this winter and for the

COMMUNITY: The Wilderness Club has embraced the surrounding communities in the northwest corner of Montana. The Club is the largest summer employer with over


100 on staff during the high season. Area youth have been taking part in Christy’s (somewhat accidental) apprentice wrangler program, which evolved when she invited some kids to come put in a few hours work at the stables in exchange for a few hours riding experience. The Club sponsors local events, donates to fundraisers, and welcomes local youth and adult golfers. A BIT OF HISTORY: The current owners and managing partners of the Wilderness Club, Ron and Brian Ehlert, rightfully inherited their love for golf as well as for construction and course development. In the early 1960’s Lawrence Ehlert, after 25 years as a general building contractor, switched careers to take on the management of a 9-hole course in Magrath, Alberta, alongside his wife, Winnie. Lawrence was superintendent and golf pro and Winnie managed the food & beverage side of things, becoming famous for her delicious pies. Their son, Ron, grew to love the game of golf and with his degree in landscape architecture, helped develop an 18-hole master plan for not only the Magrath course, but eventually

designing and managing other area premier golf courses. Ron’s son, Brian Ehlert, who also had a love for the game of golf, veered into the building construction industry, working on several prestigious projects, even including Siegfried and Roy’s Las Vegas estate. In 2011, he joined Wilderness Club as a building contractor and managing partner. In 2015, Ron & Brian found a way to combine their love for both construction and golf when they bought the Wilderness Club from their partners, with a view toward developing a world-class resort. LOOKING AHEAD: In addition to the expansion and improvements done over the past three years, the Ehlerts have ambitious plans for future expansion. Projects will be done in phases and will include an intimate pedestrian experience, with groomed trails overlooking the Wilderness Lake and holes 9 and 18. They also include a new golf pro shop, underground golf cart parking, a general store/bakery/deli, a larger fitness center combined with a family activity center, a concierge service, a large “adults only” pool and hot tub area, and a new and longer waterslide. Attached

Wilderness Club

residential townhomes, a spa and wellness center, gathering areas, and a casual grill, along with an upscale dining restaurant are also scheduled. The Wilderness Club is situated on 550 acres and has been designed to incorporate carefully planned neighborhoods, as well as a selection of beautifully crafted Wilderness cottages, cabins, or custom homes by the lake, by the village, by the garden, overlooking the golf course, or adjacent to forest wilderness. (See page 16 for real estate info.) As the northwest Montana transitions between seasons, fall colors are putting on quite a show. Cool, crisp misty mountain mornings give way to Indian summer days and stunning sunsets at the relatively undiscovered Wilderness Club. The Club encourages area locals to make the short drive to 1885 Sophie Lake Road, Eureka, Montana, for an enjoyable afternoon, evening, or weekend stay. Find the Wilderness Club on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/ WildernessClubMontana/ or visit https:// wildernessclubmontana.com/



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Wilderness Club

Real Estate Opportunities


Wilderness Club

Those looking for investment property, a vacation home, or year-round residence should start their search at the Wilderness Club. The 550 acres resort has 319 lots and an assortment of cottages, cabins, and private residences. COTTAGE COLLECTION: The newly designed Wilderness Club Cottage Collection is perfectly sized for both families and discerning budgets. Fully furnished, fully landscaped and ready to move into, they feature hardwood floors, stone fireplaces, large wood decks, and high ceilings. Prices starting from the mid $200's make them one of the best vacation home offerings in North America! CUSTOM HOMES: Those who want to create a legacy with an exclusive Wilderness Club custom home are encouraged to bring their custom home plans or they can choose from any number of exclusive designs. The Wilderness Club an excellent selection of large lakeside and wilderness view estate lots, with prices starting at $139,500. The design, development, and construction of the new Village Center, cottages, and custom homes are personally and professionally managed and overseen by Brian Ehlert. The construction team employs a crew of 10-12 year-round craftsmen. Owners can also take advantage of the Club’s interior design team, which includes a completely furnished turn-key home, ready to move into and enjoy. CONCIERGE SERVICE: The Wilderness Club friendly staff and concierge service are hallmarks of a memorable experience. Homeowners who plan to visit for a weekend, a week, a month, or all season, can simply call in advance and the concierge team will make sure their cabin or cottage is equipped with groceries and personal needs to make their arrival stress-free. Our on-site concierge can also help plan special events, arrange outfitter bookings, and provide helpful information about the area. VACATION RENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAM: Vacation homeowners who want to bring in some extra revenue can take advantage of the Wilderness Club Rental Program! The program manages all necessary rental activities - from advertising, booking, damage deposits, grounds maintenance, cleaning, and accounting. The Rental Team ensures all participating homes are maintained with care and they make it seamless for homeowners to take advantage of their Wilderness investment when they are not using it! EXPANDED VACATION OPTIONS: The Wilderness Club is proud that their location, amenities, and services meet the high standards required to belong to the exclusive Registry Collection. This membership is open to selected Wilderness Club owners who want to be part of this exclusive luxury world-wide exchange program with over 450 properties, in 40 countries and 6 continents. Members can exchange a week or two at their Montana vacation home for a visit to the Caribbean in the winter, Europe in the summer, or explore exotic destinations in the South Pacific, India, Africa, or Australia. Exchanges can be easily booked on a smartphone or with the Registry Collection's 24-hour service and concierge center. Whether for golf, a weekend away in one of the luxury cabins, or an opportunity to own a rustic lakeside cottage or custom dream home, this is the relaxed vacation lifestyle that many have been longing for. This is the Wilderness Club, in spectacular Montana.


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The Brothers K Doubleday 1992

David James Duncan

By Susan Schnee, voyageur booksellers

Zen and the Art of Baseball. Baseball, love and war. I first read this book in about 1993 or ‘94 and immediately upon finishing it I went out and got a signed first edition and put it on my top 10 shelf. Whenever someone comes into my bookstore and asks for a really good book I always offer this as one of my choices, whether I have a copy in stock or not. I was quite surprised and glad to find when preparing to write this review that there were so many people just in the last few years finally finding out about this book and posting 5 star reviews. I have spent a lot of time trying to formulate a review for this book because it is a deceptively complex story. But let me quote another reader. “I could tell you this: That everyone I’ve ever recommended it to who has read it has really, really loved it. Many of them have bought extra copies for people they want to recommend it to. Many of them have given this book to their parents, their brothers and their best friends. I could tell you this: That it is each of my parents’ favorite novel as well, and that one of my most deeply imprinted memories of them as a couple is of them reading this book aloud to each other and often laughing loudly or weeping. I could say that it is my choice for the “Great American Novel.” I could point out that if you scroll through the reviews for the book, they are overwhelmingly four or f ive stars and often use words like “favorite,” “best and perfect.” I could talk about how I love it when books are ostensibly about something you have little to no interest in but you love the book so much anyway, and you love the thing too, because the characters do. In this case it ‘s baseball.” The Chance family: Father, a baseball prodigy sidelined by injury. Mother, a SeventhDay Adventist. Vietnam War. Four brothers. Religious fundamentalism. Four different ways to understand the world, four voices to fight injustice. How Duncan shows us the long, unfolding paths these brothers follow and the ways they are ready to sacrifice themselves for the sake of others, giving example of what is the true meaning of courage, honor and of love. As a person who came of age during the Viet Nam war, this novel put words to my thoughts, beliefs and experience. It is just a beautifully written, sweet epic story of family strife and loyalty.


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I Want Her Job

Beth Comstock Former Vice Chair and CMO, GE

By Brianne Perleberg and Becca Mulhill, I Want Her Job

Beth Comstock is the former vice chair of GE and a corporate director of Nike. Her accomplishments include building GE’s Business Innovations and GE Ventures, as well as overseeing the reinvention of GE Lighting. Prior to her role as vice chair, she served as chief marketing officer of the company. And before that, she had another dream job as the president of integrated media at NBC Universal, overseeing the company’s digital efforts, including the early formation of Hulu. While Beth has built an incredible career, she’s had to make some tough decisions in the process. We’re all lucky enough live vicariously through her, with the opportunity to learn more about her journey and the decisions that led her to career success in her new book out this month called Imagine It Forward.

In it, Beth shares her story, documenting the ups and downs of working at GE and NBC during a time of tremendous growth. But, Beth will tell you she also wrote this book to help those out in the middle of their career. It’s for those who want to make change happen, but feel they need permission to do so, whether through others or from themselves.

What I’ve learned to do, and one of the things I talk about in the book, is agitated inquiry. I share a time when, frankly, I didn’t have a lot of perspective. I got too absorbed in the conflict, and we weren’t able to make the change I wanted. That’s really the message. If everybody gets along, and the idea seems too good to be true, it probably is. You need to beat it up, interrogate it and invite people in with different perspectives.

career, but we had good ideas. Anytime we’d take an idea to him, he’d give us at least one reason – or usually many – about why it wouldn’t work. So, I summoned my courage and I put this whole report together of all the things we’d like to be doing differently and could be doing better. He totally shut me down. After that, I ended up leaving that job.

What I realized after was that there are always going to be gatekeepers. I went to this new job and there were gatekeepers there. That was a big awakening for me. There will always be gatekeepers in any organization you work for. These are the people who … they want a sense of control. They want to have all the answers. Sometimes you can build a team and you can work for somebody who to you can say, “Let us have a shot.” Then other times, your gatekeeper is never going to change.

I’m reserved, and I consider myself an introvert – in addition to not liking conflict. How I got over this was by making it about the idea and what I thought about the idea. It wasn’t my idea. It wasn’t me. I had to get out of my own head and say, “We see a better way. There is a better way possible.” I needed to get One topic discussed in your book is the necessity of excited about that and not make it about myself, or having to win the day or hear people say, “Beth tension and conflict. As women, naturally we can you’re a genius. Your idea is so great!” If you want sometimes try to avoid these. How did you make the idea to live, you have to wade into conflict and In my case I had to, over the course of my career, yourself more comfortable with this, and how can make it not about you. figure out how to work around these people more women get comfortable with this dynamic? – realizing they’re in everyone’s organization. I will admit, I hate conflict. I don’t like tension. I’ve You talk a lot in your book about gatekeepers. How Sometimes you also have to say, “This gatekeeper is not going to change. They’re not going to leave often been called a diplomat. To realize in my career do you identify gatekeepers? And, how should their job. I either have to adapt my style, or I have to that I had to actually dive into tension and invite people trying to make a change in their company go somewhere else.” critics in was a big awakening for me. You can’t get react to them? to any place good unless you’ve worked through the conflicts, and in companies, let’s be honest, I share a story in the book about a classic gatekeeper Gatekeepers are also sometimes in our own head. people have a hard time getting along often. Why is I worked for early in my career. I call him J.R. He was That’s an important message I try to bring out in that? It’s about fear – fear of losing something, fear super smart, but he doled out all the answers and the book: “Give yourself permission.” Give yourself of change, people fighting over whose idea is better didn’t give the team a lot of room to navigate on permission to fight for a better way, or to say,” There … and you have to work through all those things. our own. We were ambitious. We were early in our is another way to do it.”


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business} I adopted a mantra for myself. I say, “No is not yet.” It was my way to work around some of these gatekeepers because sometimes people say no because your idea isn’t that good, or maybe you haven’t practiced it enough, or it’s not ready or it’s too early. Sometimes I’ll go back a second, and sometimes a third time with an idea. One time I tried pitching something for 6 years, which is a bit crazy. But, this “No is not yet” mantra helped me get around the gatekeeper.

And look, if by three, four, five, six times you still love this idea and you can’t get it solved, maybe you need a totally different strategy. But often people leave the room when they’re told no the first time and you never hear from them again. That’s what I’m trying to fight against – this gatekeeper in you and the gatekeeper in someone else. How do you work around that?

at building strategy. But, I don’t know marketing capabilities. So, here’s what I’m good at, and here’s what I think you’re good at. We’re going to try to work together as a great team. Part of that learning is also recognizing when you’re new to a role that there is something that brought you there. Don’t just focus on the gaps. Make sure you know what you’re good at, and lean with that strength. For me, a lot of that ended up being storytelling and strategy.

One trend people are talking about near-future is a return to analog. I think we’re overwhelmed with so much digital. We’ve seen the value of connectivity, but I see more and more instances where people are intentionally choosing analog experiences. It’s beyond the one-off detox camp. I think you’re going to see businesses created around that and people embracing that part of it.

When you became chief marketing officer at GE, you did so without a traditional marketing background. What was the approach you took after taking on this job?

I gave myself 90 to 100 days of discovery. I just started calling up anyone I had met through the network I had developed. Or, sometimes I’d call and say, “Hey I’m a new CMO.” For example, I called up Jim Stengel, who at the time was CMO of Procter & Gamble, a huge company that has been so revered for what they’ve done in marketing. People like Jim were incredibly helpful. I would go there and ask him how he trained his marketers, and he would send me marketing materials.

I also went out and read every major marketing book I could get my hands on. Phil Kotler, at the time, was working out of the Kellogg School. I think I must have read every Phil Kotler book. I looked up the armchair MBA books on what you need to know about marketing, and I just immersed myself and asked questions and tried to bring back that perspective. I also had to hire experts. I was given that job because, at the time, Jeff Immelt had seen a lot of creativity and strategy in me that he felt we needed. I also had to realize I didn’t come with that toolkit, so I had to hire people right out of business school, or great CMO’s, and say to them, “I know this. I am good at this. I can connect dots. I’m good

It’s passion. When I tap into my passion, I can overcome my fears. We all have them. I still have them. I’m not as confident as I need to be. I talk in the book about a very personal example to me of having to move forward as a divorced, single mother. That had a huge impact on me in a lot of ways and on my daughter. I think it’s like staring into those fears, and realizing that once you’ve made a decision, it’s time to go forward. You have to have that mission and that passion that there’s a reason you’re doing it. Anytime I feel doubt or go, “This is so hard,” I return to that. “Why am I in this? What problem are we solving? What’s the mission?” That’s been the key for me. And then work really hard to make it happen.

What are some trends that you think everyone will be talking about in 10 years?

The gatekeeper is in all of us. We all have alibis of why “we can’t do” something. Usually, it’s a fear or a lack of confidence or a perceived constraint. One of the things I learned early from my career in marketing is that creative briefs with the tightest constraints often give the most creative work. So, when you think it’s “impossible” I bet you that’s when you’ll have a really amazing creative inspiration – if you just focus on it.

What I like is making connections. I think I’ve had to train myself to see patterns and to go deep in discovery as part of that process. That’s something I’m so passionate about. Use your curiosity to learn and discover. I was tapped to be CMO at GE. They hadn’t had the job in 20 years, and I hadn’t had a traditional marketing background. I didn’t go to business school. I’d worked for a media and marketing company and I’d done promotion, but I didn’t have that core training. It was quite intimidating, so I just did what I know how to do, which is to be curious and go out and discover my way forward.

Beth Comstock

You’ve had to make a lot of tough decisions in your life and your career. Is decisiveness something that comes naturally to you? No. I’m so indecisive. I’m adaptable and I like to consider all the options. I like to think I’m openminded, and that sometimes means secondguessing yourself because your gut tells you one thing, and that little voice in your brain tells you no. I think what I try to do is give myself that space to wallow in the indecisiveness and then say, “I’ve got to make a decision.” I take the pressure off by saying, “I’ve got to make a decision, for now, to just get to the next step.” I can’t make a decision for all of eternity. That’s where I trip up. I overthink things, and I worry about the future. Sometimes that’s when my “imagine it forward” works against me a bit. [She laughs.] Instead ask, when are you going to take a step? What’s one thing you can do to move forward? Otherwise, you get in this loop of overthinking things, and you can’t make a decision. I believe in listening to my dreams I believe in writing things in journals to see patterns. I’m one of those people who, at night, I’ll write all the reasons why. Then I go to bed, wake up and I say, “Okay, I’m making a decision. Now I’m going to move forward. That’s it.”

Looking back, if you had to identify the patterns that helped lead to your success, what would those be?

Perhaps because I’m on the other side of it – I left GE in December – but I am really trying to be much more fluid in my professional life. I’m seeing so many more people who define themselves professionally in multiple ways. I’m a writer. I’m a consultant. I’m an adviser. I’m an entrepreneur. I’m a doctor. I’m a DJ. I’m a mom. I think more of us want the opportunity to express that in a professional way. We’re gravitating toward companies that are giving those opportunities, and if they don’t, we’re going to go create those on the side … Professional fluidity is something we have to think about in the future of how we work … How do you craft a more well-rounded professional life that helps you do what you want to do? It all starts with this: What is your story, and what do you want it to be? There’s tension in those two things, but that is part of the journey. This article originally appeared on IWantHerJob.com.

Brianne B. Perleberg

Brianne B. Perleberg, a born-and-raised Montanan, is the founder of I Want Her Job, an award-winning website featuring curated career conversations with women changing the future of business. She also is a marketing director at NASCAR track Phoenix Raceway. You can follow her on Twitter @iwantherjob and read more interviews like this on iwantherjob.com.



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Changed lives

Kids helping Kids By Kristen Hamilton

How several kids “summer break” became a “summer of purpose.” As the crowds were gathering at the Bigfork Arts Festival on a warm Saturday morning, a young boy at the arts fair booth declared loudly, “I want that one!” “Can I have that one, Mommy?” his younger sister shyly whispered. The children’s mom leaned in and grabbed young Cleo Maloney’s hand, “I adopted both of my children out of foster care. Thank you so much for selling these beautiful dolls to raise awareness for the crisis in our state and helping to fund the needs of foster children!”


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Cleo looked at the faces of the precious boy and girl. That was a moment when she connected her passion to change the lives of children who suffered from abuse and neglect, with the faces and stories her creative efforts were making a direct impact on. Perhaps not many 15-year-olds decide to use their summer break to make a difference in the lives of others their age or younger. However, after an extended stay in a hospital due to illness at age 11, Cleo Maloney has decided to use her painful experience for a greater purpose. “I wanted to make something to give to children that would outlast flowers, balloons, or a visit. So, I came up with the idea to make these “Sprite” dolls I had seen on YouTube to give to or help fund children in need. I specifically felt led to help children in foster care who may not have anyone to recognize their need,” said Cleo. “I am so fortunate to have every one of my needs met by my family, but so many children in crisis in foster care, do not.

If I can do something about that, why wouldn’t I?” Desiring to make an impact, Cleo began to create unique, individualized “Sprite” dolls whose faces were simply designed with caring eyes. She then donated 100% of the proceeds to Child Bridge to help make an impact for children in desperate need of a caring family. “I didn’t want to design anything that only conveyed one mood or emotion. By creating each one of these dolls with only eyes, whatever mood the child is in can be matched by the doll. The dolls are also not necessarily for a boy or a girl. They are a standing companion that doesn’t fade like a temporary gift. I love that aspect of creating something lasting!” explained Cleo. Summer of 2018 is Cleo’s 3rd year selling her Sprite dolls at the Bigfork Arts Festival. As Donna Lawson, Festival chairperson, purchased a doll for her granddaughter she shared, “I love the fact


“It’s simple, if I could…why wouldn’t I help?” the Cleo learned at a young age to give back to the community and good causes so, every year I support her. I have a whole collection now and I make sure that she always has a spot for her philanthropic work in the fair! She usually always sells out the first day, so we love having her artwork represented through the fair and we love having her here in Bigfork.” Before the end of the first day at the Bigfork Arts Festival, Cleo had not only created awareness for the urgent needs of children in foster care in Montana, but she raised over $1,500 for the cause. One young person giving thousands of other young people a voice…and hope! Kaiya, Aria, and Quinn Sikkema are your typical Bigfork, Montana grade-school children who love their summers off! They play volleyball, soccer, swim and play with friends. But these siblings had a wish – they wanted to bring a little sweetness into others’ lives, specifically other children! Through their grandparents, the Sikkema’s heard of Child Bridge and about the nearly 4,000 kids in foster care in Montana, with only half the available families to care for them. “I couldn’t imagine not having a family to be with me any time I was happy or sad,” said Kaiya. “Who would cheer for them at their soccer games?” asked Quinn. “It doesn’t seem fair,” said Aria.

So, the Sikkema siblings decided to host a lemonade

stand to raise funds for children in foster care benefitting Child Bridge. Child Bridge began in the Flathead Valley in 2011 and has a laser sharp focus… to recruit and equip foster and adoptive families to care for children in their time of need across the state. “We’re just kids,” said Kaiya urgently, “but we know what it’s like to be a kid and we can be the ones to help other kids who don’t have families.” For several hours on a rainy and cold 4th of July weekend, Kaiya, Aria, Quinn, their mom and grandparents hosted a lemonade stand outside of Harvest Foods in Bigfork. “It couldn’t have been a worse day to have a lemonade stand,” said mom, Michelle. Sikkema. “It was so cold, and many would have rather had hot coffee or hot chocolate…but people got behind the mission of what the kids were doing and they began to give!” Michelle recalled one woman who was so moved by what the kids were raising money for, she had tears in her eyes as she handed them a large donation, then sharing that her best friend from grade school was in foster care. This supporter remembered how hard it was for her friend to be moving from family to family and that an organization like Child Bridge would have made such a difference in the life of her friend. Another woman stood off to the side listening to the children tell the story of the needs of kids in foster care over and over. After many minutes, with tears in her eyes, she handed the children a check and said, “Bless you!” When we asked Cleo, Kaiya, Aria and Quinn why they were sacrificing their time and energies to help others this summer they all responded with the same

heart: “We imagined what it would be like if WE didn’t have a family to care for us…we’d be really, really sad not to have our parents.” “I could have been one of these kids if it weren’t for my family,” said Cleo. “I don’t want to take for granted the beautiful life offered to me and not care for those children who are neglected.” Not everyone is called to foster or adopt, but everyone can do something…as we have seen in the simple, yet powerful examples of kids Intentionally helping kids this summer. Perhaps, instead of letting time get away from us this fall, we can all pick up the “call to action” of 15-yearold Cleo Maloney: “It’s simple, if I could…why wouldn’t I help?”

Child Bridge recruits and equips families for children in Montana’s foster care system. If you’re interested in becoming a foster or adoptive family, or would like Child Bridge to speak to your organization or church, contact us at info@childbridgemontana.org



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Helping students every day… The Whitefish Study Center By Kristen Hamilton

Kristen Pulsifer with Whitefish Study Center In this day and age we seem to do (or at least try to do) everything to help our children. This seems to be especially true with sports. If a child shows the least bit of talent, the sky becomes the limit. Let’s use softball as an example. Your daughter shows promise so you purchase for her top of the line equipment, sign her up for a team, heck you may even jump in and coach for the season. As she gets older, there are conditioning classes and coaches in the off-season. Regular organized ball continues, then you throw in a travel team and the whole family becomes a part of the “fun.” She may really love it, but no one has asked for a while, and school has become secondary, because she MAY have a chance at an athletic scholarship. You [her parents] are her biggest cheerleaders.


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The truth of the matter is that more schools offer academic scholarships versus athletic scholarships. There aren’t many “full ride” athletic scholarship opportunities compared to “partial” scholarships, and a student’s academic performance is very often even attached to these agreements.

So what can be done? What can we do to help our kids in the classroom and academically gear them for success, whether or not they excel in a sport? The Whitefish Study Center may be just the place to help. The Whitefish Study Center is celebrating over 10 years of helping students in the valley, and we recently chatted with founder Kristen Pulsifer to find out more. Pulsifer grew up outside of Chicago, but has visited the Flathead Valley for over 25 years.

Her mother and aunt were born in Great Falls, Montana, and they always desired to venture back to Montana. “After they retired, that’s exactly what they did,” Pulsifer said. She followed suit 12 years ago, just before starting her business here. “I modeled my business after a tutoring center my brother and I attended outside of Chicago, called the Glencoe Study Center. My brother was unfortunately quite sick growing up and needed quite a bit of academic assistance in keeping up with school. Robert Boone and the Glencoe Study Center kept my brother afloat and helped me through math. I knew I wanted to help in the way that Robert Boone did. My brother never felt better about himself than he did when he was working with Robert Boone. I work hard to emulate his style and ease with helping kids.”

Whitefish Study Center

Randy Carspecken


“I wanted to help students.” She knows education is intimidating and stressful. “I am here to alleviate the stress and teach students how to be advocates for themselves and also how to be proactive vs. reactive in their studies,” Pulsifer earned her BA in English from the University of Colorado in Boulder. She also has an MA from Colorado College in Education/Humanities and has continued her graduate work as a literacy specialist where she has earned additional Orton Gillingham training in literacy intervention and dyslexia curriculum. It was in Colorado that she taught High School English for 10 years in both the private and public school sectors. Pulsifer said, “I empathized with the kids that struggled and always worked hard to provide one on one assistance. I have kept Robert Boone’s platform in mind and have always known that I wanted to either start my own school, which still tugs at me, or emulate the Glencoe Study Center.”

Whitefish Study Center was started for a very simple reason, says Pulsifer “I wanted to help students.” She knows education is intimidating and stressful. “I am here to alleviate the stress and teach students how to be advocates for themselves and also how to be proactive vs. reactive in their studies,” she said. You can tell when you speak with her that she has a real passion for helping people. She added, “Academics were never easy for me, so I am compassionate regarding the struggle.”

Pulsifer is proud of the Center and the amazing staff she has recruited. Regarding the staff, she said: “They are all certified teachers with advanced degrees in math, English, literature and special education.” Her wonderful staff includes Pam Clark, Elaine Steele, Julie Wentworth, Beth Darnick, and Randy Carspecken. Parents agree also! Stacey Talbot, a mother of three, says “We have worked with Kristen and the Whitefish Study Center for the past four years. It has brought more peace to our home life. Kristen has helped my daughter feel more confident in her reading and schoolwork. The study center provides a warm, calm atmosphere for students to work, develop skills and learn different strategies to help each student succeed. Far and foremost it helps build confidence within!” Owning a business has given Pulsifer the opportunity to meet interesting families. She said, “I have the opportunity to meet with families that truly take their children and their educations seriously. I love it!”

She added that families have to support the process for it to succeed. “It takes a team and cooperation to help kids in need.”

Young Girl is Anna Pulsifer with Elaine Steele On a personal note, Pulsifer enjoys working with horses, hiking and spending time with her various animals and her wonderful daughters.

Her extended family lives in the valley, Chicago and Minneapolis. Her mother was also a teacher and owned a bookstore in Chicago for 15 years. “The love of books and reading has always been in my blood,” she said. Her mother is still very involved in all that Pulsifer does, and is hoping to assist her with her upcoming nonprofit organization, The Whitefish Literacy Foundation. Let’s hope it works!

On a sad note, Pulsifer lost her father this summer, and I asked her to share something special about him and what she learned from him. She said, “My dad taught me to stand up for myself and be direct and to the point. He taught me to be forthright. He had the ability to cut through the static and noise and reach the heart of a situation. I have always admired that trait.” Whitefish Study Center www.whitefishstudycenter.com (406) 270-0900



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Grit and Gratitude By Mackenzie Reiss

Kalispell’s Courtenay Sprunger shares her journey of building a business from the ground up

Courtenay Sprunger was told from the get-go that she could do anything she set her mind to. “He believed in me,” she said of her father, “and therefore, I believed in myself.”

Sprunger, at just 37 years old, is the principal and owner of Big Sky Public Relations, a Kalispellbased firm she founded on the values of integrity, empathy and teamwork. Big Sky PR’s clientele is public-service focused, including the Montana Department of Transportation, various engineering and construction groups, Glacier Park International Airport, Montana Equestrian Events, and Partnership Health Center, among others. For Sprunger, good business isn’t just about being successful — it’s a way to use her communication skills to better the local community. And her good works haven’t gone unnoticed.

This year, she joined an esteemed group of local professionals as one of the Flathead Valley’s 20 Under 40. Since her firm’s inception in 2008, Big Sky PR has doubled in size, expanding to include a second office in Missoula with plans for continued growth.


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In many ways, she is the definition of a powerhouse woman.

But her idyllic Montana childhood wasn’t without adversity.

And it all started right here in the Flathead — on a small farm in Creston.

“He had been such a proponent of mine … from an early age,” she said. “My father was the singular biggest influence on my career. I’ll always be grateful to him for that.”

Strong but humble, driven but kind, successful but generous.

Sprunger was raised by her parents, Gary and Kay Burt. Her father, an English teacher, was her unfailing supporter, her mother, a pillar of generosity. As for her two older brothers? They certainly helped toughen her up, she said with a laugh.

She was far from shy and could often be found riding horses or nose-deep in a book.

In 2005, when Courtenay was just 24, her beloved father passed from Alzheimer’s disease.

Though he was no longer physically present, his lessons lived on. “Entrepreneurship, a lot of it has to do with grit and guts. Dad taught me how to be brave,” she said. The idea of starting her own firm came in Sprunger’s senior year of college during an internship for a boutique public relations firm in Southern California. She had the drive to do it and the name — Big Sky Public Relations — an homage to her home state.

But her path to business ownership was far from a straight shot. After graduating Vanguard University of Southern California with a Bachelor of Arts in Communications with an emphasis in


Courtenay Sprunger

“I literally fell into this by accident in some ways, and in other ways it was always a dream, maybe a bit of a destiny. I can't say that I planned it precisely,” Sprunger said. public relations, Sprunger returned home to help with her father whose health was rapidly declining. At that time in the Flathead Valley, jobs in her chosen field were scarce. So she threw herself into the workforce to gain management experience, getting her feet wet in companies like Enterprise Rent-a-Car and Target. Glamorous jobs? Not exactly, but Sprunger took the opportunities for what they were — a chance to learn the ins and outs of business management.

“I washed a lot of cars. I folded a lot of shirts. I dealt with a lot of angry customers and I waited a lot of tables on the way to where we’re at,” Sprunger said. “I think it's often important to do the humble work and really be looking for opportunities to learn valuable skills, regardless of what season you’re in in your profession.” Her public relations career took off in college thanks to her original internship, which led

to subcontracting with the same company years later, and one contract led to another. After marrying her husband Nathan, Sprunger briefly thought Big Sky would be a part-time venture, but ambition soon won out. “I literally fell into this by accident in some ways, and in other ways it was always a dream, maybe a bit of a destiny. I can't say that I planned it precisely,” Sprunger said. Her faith in God was a driving force in her burgeoning career, and she credits the man upstairs for steering her in the right direction.

A referral from fellow PR executive, Lisa Jones, connected Sprunger with the Montana Department of Transportation, spurring an unexpected love for public infrastructure.

“It really impacts the practical day to day lives of my friends and neighbors,” she said, of MDT’s road projects.

As the number of her contracts grew, so did Sprunger’s team.

She and Nathan were joined by Josh Galassi in 2015, an exceptional first full-time employee she described as the “epitome of sunshine.” Her current team of six helps bridge the gap between infrastructure construction and public perception, whether that be by mitigating frustrations, providing clarity on big road projects or strategic planning. Big Sky PR also helps enhance communications for clients in economic development, education, the nonprofit sector and corporations with a bent toward social responsibility.

“I think that the greatest achievement to date for our organization has been the day to day lives that we’ve bettered by providing information that people need or want,” she said. “I like to think of it as using our powers for good.”



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Shareholder and Operating Agreements that Work for Your Small Business By Kelly O’Brien, Attorney at Law

Kathryn and Amanda were both creative women that decided to put their collective experience and knowledge together to start a marketing business. They both had similar ideas regarding how to structure the business and position it to be successful in their growing community. They discussed the business plan and goals at length and believed that they agreed on most of the major issues relating to their business. They agreed that Kathryn would contribute more money to get the business started than Amanda, but Amanda would work more hours and have a larger role in the day-today operations of the business. While the two women had a lot in common professionally their lives outside of the working environment were very different. Kathryn was married with two children that were almost grown. She owned a sizable home and had accumulated significant assets. Amanda was younger, single and did not own a home or much in the way of assets. Accordingly, the two women had different concerns to address in the in the event the business was not successful and different considerations in the event something happened to the other owner.


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After doing some research, Kathryn and Amanda decided to form a Member Managed, Limited Liability Company for their business. The two women would be the sole owners and members. They knew that they wanted to create an agreement to protect their business in the future, but they did not know where to begin or what provision to include in the agreement. They decided they needed an operating agreement to set the guidelines for future business operations and to help them address unforeseen circumstances that may arise for their business. While many businesses may have an operating agreement in place, it is important the small business owners carefully consider the unique challenges of their own specific business in the creation of an agreement. The operating agreement is essentially the road map for the internal workings of the business and determines how business ownership may change in the future. Therefore, a “one-size-fits all” or “boilerplate” agreement may not be sufficient.

What is an Operating Agreement and Why is an Operating Agreement Important?

As an initial matter the term “Operating Agreement” is used in this article as a general reference to any internal operating document for a small business. However, different terms are used for the internal agreements for different entities. The term Operating Agreement typically refers to an internal agreement

for the “members” of a Limited Liability Company. A Shareholder Agreement is a similar agreement for the “shareholders” of a Corporation. A Partnership Agreement relates to an internal agreement for any form of partnership. An operating agreement is a contractual agreement between the owners of the business, which sets out the guidelines for how the owners will operate the business together; depending on the entity type this will include members, shareholders or, partners. It should set out the owner’s common understanding of issues such as valuation, distribution of profits and losses, and related tax issues. In addition, a comprehensive operating agreement sets the rules for how new owners may be added to the business and how current owners may withdraw from the business or sell their interests. An operating agreement should also set out a framework for how to address issues such as the death, incapacity, divorce or bankruptcy of an individual owner in a manner to reduce the impact to the business. An operating agreement is likely to be the most important internal business document for any small business. If carefully drafted the operating agreement may reduce expensive and time-consuming disputes. Aside from general business issues there are separate considerations to address in the drafting of an operating agreement that may apply to a specific business.

legal} Consider the Relationship Between the Owners

A business that is owned by a married couple should have a different operating agreement than a business owned by unrelated individuals. For example, a married couple may want their kids to inherit the business upon their death, while unrelated individuals may not want children to be involved in the business after one of the owners is deceased. If you started a business based on the close personal relationship with the other owner(s) you may want to include provisions in the operating agreement that limit transfers of ownership. Often this may mean that no individual owner may transfer his or her ownership interest without consent of all owners. At a minimum, you may want to include provisions that allow the company and/or the remaining owners the option or right of first refusal to purchase a departing owner’s interest in the business upon any sale, or in the event of a death or incapacity. Such a provision will allow the company and remaining owners the ability to retain control over the ownership and direction of the business.

Consider the Specific Nature and Activities of the Business

To be effective an operating agreement should address the unique activities of that business. A retail business with inventory will have different considerations than a services business like Kathryn and Amanda’s marketing business. A service-based business may want to limit the entry of other owners that do not have the same level of expertise or experience. Whereas a business that needs to raise significant capital may provide for easier entry of owners based simply on financial contributions. Accordingly, there should be different terms in an operating agreement to account for issues such as capital, inventory, equipment, or intellectual property.

Account for the Unexpected Events in Life

Perhaps the most important aspect of an operating agreement that will reduce the potential for conflict within a business is thorough framework for addressing the ownership changes and structure of the business in the event of unforeseen life circumstances. These are issues such as death or incapacity of an owner, divorce, bankruptcy, unlawful action or simply the desire for an owner to retire from the business. For example, a typical operating agreement will consider the death of an owner as triggering event which amounts to an offer by the heirs to sell the deceased owner’s interest to the company or remaining owners. The company and the remaining members then have a certain timeframe in which to purchase the deceased owner’s interest in the business. If the company or remaining owners decide not to purchase the deceased owner’s interests, then the operating agreement may provide that the heirs or devisees may retain the interests and either take an active role in the company or simply an assignee of economic rights. Similarly, an operating agreement may attempt to reduce the impact to the business in the event of a divorce of an owner. This can be accomplished through a consent and waiver signed by the spouses of all owners or by including terms for buy-out by the company in the event of a divorce.

While it is not always easy to discuss these types of issues it is critical that business owners address these potential issues and set out guidelines in an operating agreement. After an unexpected event occurs it is often too late. By including such provisions in an agreement it can reduce the potential for conflict and disruption of the business operations.

Set a Price or Method for Setting in Advance of a Sale or Purchase

In addition to setting out how to address business changes and unforeseen circumstances, an effective operating agreement should set a price or method for determining a price for the sale or transfer of business ownership interests. The appropriate price or pricing method of an owner’s interest will depend on the type of business and relationship between the owners. A standard value is book value, which are essentially assets minus liabilities. Book value may make sense for a business with significant inventory or equipment, but this formula does not work for every business. For example, a marketing business, like Kathryn and Amanda’s, may not have a lot of assets on the books but there may be significant intellectual property to consider down the road. Such a business may want to consider methods for valuing intellectual property or calculations based on multiples of earnings. For a business that mainly holds or manages real estate, an appraisal to determine fair market value is often appropriate. The operating agreement can also include how to choose an appraiser, as it can sometimes be difficult to agree on the appropriate appraiser in the event of a death or dispute. In addition to setting a pricing method the operating agreement may include how and when payments are made to a departing owner. The agreement may determine an allowance for installment payments over time, the use of life insurance to fund a purchase by the company, and loan and interest structure.

Seek Professional Advice and Discuss the Details with Your Business Partners

These are only a few of the discussion points to consider when creating an operating agreement. A business attorney can advise you on operating agreement provisions appropriate for your business. An effective operating agreement should help organize the structure and management of your business while reducing the potential for conflict in the future. Even if you seek assistance of an attorney in drafting an operating agreement, it is important that the owners of your business have a discussion as to the important points of the operating agreement. A thorough review and discussion of the terms of an operating agreement ensures everyone is on the same page and they have discussed these issues from the beginning of the business, rather than trying to figure out these issues in a disagreement or other unexpected life event. For advice regarding forming or maintain a legal entity for your business, operating agreements, shareholder agreements, partnership agreements or general business law contact Kelly O’Brien at Measure, Sampsel, Sullivan & O’Brien, P.C. at (406) 752-6373/ www.measurelaw.com


This article is intended for educational and information purposes only, it is not intended to act as legal advice.


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Infant Laser Frenectomy at

Alpine Family Dental By Mary Wallace

“It is probably the most rewarding procedure we do in our office,” says Dr. Gregory Eller, at Alpine Family Dental in Kalispell, MT. “It makes such an immediate positive difference for Mom and newborn baby!” The procedure is called an Infant Laser Frenectomy and it can be life changing when mom and newborn baby have been experiencing difficulty with the breastfeeding or bottle-feeding process. It is an often- undiagnosed condition called ankyloglossia or ‘tongue-tie’ that might be causing the problem.

Tongue-tie is when the tissue connecting the tongue to the bottom of the mouth, is too tight, too thick, or both. It is a congenital condition that restricts the tongue’s range of motion and can cause difficulty for babies when they feed. A lip-tie is a similar condition involving the fold of tissue between the upper gum and the lip.

Alpine Family Dental is celebrating 10 years of practice in the Flathead Valley. “Most of our crew have been on board from the beginning,” says Dr Eller. “They are masters at putting our patients at ease.”


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For babies with tongue-tie and/or lip-tie, the struggle is real. Baby is unable to latch properly and may not get enough nutrition; some even experience failure to thrive. Infant tongue-tie can cause a host of issues for both mom and baby, including inadequate nursing, acid reflux, and fussiness, to name a few. Breastfeeding may be very painful for the mom as well; some may develop mastitis or lose their milk supply. Fortunately, Alpine Family Dental is offering this quick & simple procedure in the Flathead Valley. Dr. Eller attended advanced training at Tuft’s University and has been performing the procedure in his office for almost two years now. They typically see one to two infants per week for the condition. Most have been referred by a pediatrician, nurse-midwife, or lactation consultant.

The Carbon Dioxide laser is specifically designed for procedures like tongue tie release. The actual procedure takes seconds to perform and is usually done on newborns up to 3 months old. Anesthetic is not required with the infant laser frenectomy, there is little to no bleeding, and there is less swelling and discomfort than other lasers. Recovery


Alpine Family Dental

“It is probably the most rewarding procedure we do in our office,” says Dr. Gregory Eller, at Alpine Family Dental in Kalispell, MT. “It makes such an immediate positive difference for Mom and newborn baby!” time is swift and the infant can literally nurse and be comforted by Mom immediately afterwards. Most mothers report that the change in the way their infant is able to nurse is immediately apparent, with shorter nurse time, less struggle, and less discomfort for mom. Tongue-tie has historically been treated by cutting the affected tissue with scissors, soon after birth. Although conservative, this method often incompletely treats the problem and has a risk of the tissue growing back together. Alternatively, a surgeon can treat the tie under general anesthesia in the operating room, with the inherent risks of anesthesia. The Carbon Dioxide laser frenectomy procedure allows for precision, no anesthesia, and little risk of the tissue growing back.

Even though frenectomies are often considered a medically-necessary procedure, only about 50% of health insurance plans will cover it. However, the procedure is not so expensive as to rule it out for most families, and Dr. Eller’s team is able to assist with options to help find ways to pay for it. What happens to children who go undiagnosed or untreated? Babies who are not diagnosed often have an early end to breastfeeding because it has become such a struggle for mom & baby. Studies show that babies benefit most from being

breastfed solely up to 6 months old and continued breastfeeding to supplement solid foods up to 2 years old. The unrestricted tongue assists in normal growth and development of the jaw bones. Abnormal jaw growth is associated with a higher incidence of sleep related breathing disorders, like obstructive sleep apnea. Additionally, lip and tongue tie may impede normal toothbrushing habits, lead to food texture and swallowing difficulties, and speech impediments.

A tongue-tie can cause a lot of stress for a new mother and her baby, especially if it isn’t diagnosed right away. To prevent unnecessary struggle, the child should be checked by a qualified healthcare provider. The good news is that a tongue-tie is very treatable. An infant laser frenectomy can be done with minimal pain and can make a world of a difference for mom and baby. Tongue tie treatment is only one of the many advanced dental procedures provided by Alpine Family Dental. Dr. Eller dedicates numerous hours to continuing education each year, and this, in turn, allows Eller & his team to provide such things as IV sedation, surgically guided dental implant placement, and a new oral appliance therapy for SRBD. SRBD stands for ‘Sleep Related Breathing Disorders’. Patients who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea sometimes find it difficult to be

compliant with CPAP equipment. Alpine Family Dental offers a custom acrylic oral appliance that the patient can wear at night.

Alpine Family Dental is celebrating 10 years of practice in the Flathead Valley. “Most of our crew have been on board from the beginning,” says Dr Eller. “They are masters at putting our patients at ease.” The Alpine Family Dental team works seamlessly to make patients feel comfortable during each and every visit, offering extra comforts for their patients during procedures like complimentary movies, music, and paraffin hand wax treatments, along with an upbeat, positive atmosphere, and individualized attention. All this can make a trip to the dentist a more positive and relaxing experience.

“We realize that no one really wants to be at the dentist,” says Eller, “so when a patient is here, we strive to make their time in the chair worthwhile and yes… we consider it a success if our patients have a little fun!” They strive to create an atmosphere that has the small town feel, yet offers all the latest technologies to provide the best outcomes with least chair time.


Visit http://alpinefamilydentalmt.com or Follow Alpine Family Dental on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/Alpine-FamilyDental-161752604484/


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Caught on Camera

A silent

intruder By Staff writer, Kalispell Regional Healthcare

Leanne Roberts S Patient


“But you don’t look sick,” replied my sister-inlaw when I told her and my other close family members that I had breast cancer. Leanne Roberts had arrived in the British Virgin Islands. It was a family getaway where she looked forward to seeing her husband’s brothers and their wives. Everyone was looking forward to this year’s gathering, but Leanne was not looking forward to sharing her heavy news. One day prior, Leanne didn’t have breast cancer. Now she did. Well, of course the lump was there before, but now she knows it’s there. Now she has to think about it. It was 2014 and Leanne recalls how it all unfolded. She had been diligent about getting her annual mammograms since she turned forty. A mammogram certainly wasn’t something she looked forward to doing each year, but she knew it was important. And it always came back just fine. She had no reason to expect different news. “I remember — it was the first year that Kalispell Regional Medical Center offered 3D mammography,” recalls Leanne. “My primary care provider at Big Sky Family Medicine encouraged me to utilize this technology.”


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Leanne completed her annual exam with the new 3D imaging, but the radiologist noted something out of the ordinary that merited a biopsy. Again, Leanne didn’t think too hard on the topic; she was busy preparing for her upcoming travels the following week. Leanne applauds her primary care provider, Jessica Glover, FNP-C, for the speedy footwork to get the biopsy test results in her hands before Leanne’s departure from Montana for the Caribbean. Jessica asked her if she wanted to know the results of her biopsy before she left for vacation. For some, this would be a tough choice, but there was no hesitation on Leanne’s part: she definitely wanted to know. “What’s the point in getting annual mammograms to stay healthy if I’m going to delay the news?” Leanne queries. “The point is to know. To get checked each year. All of this so I have the information and time to do something about it. Hiding from it only gives it a chance to grow.”

The pathologists examined the biopsy and confirmed that Leanne had tested positive for breast cancer. At the current moment it was just the size of a lemon seed. The tumor was determined to be slow-growing, but an aggressive type of cancer. It needed to be removed with surgery soon. There was no time to waste so Leanne and Jessica devised a care plan to be sorted out while Leanne was gone. Jessica would get all the necessary “next steps” in order while Leanne was on vacation.

“Jessica and her team of colleagues were nothing short of amazing,” explains Leanne. “While I relaxed in the sun, having a good time, I didn’t know how much was being done on my behalf until I returned.” Behind the scenes, surgery plans with Melissa Hulvat, MD, breast surgeon at Bass Breast Center were being put into place for Leanne’s return stateside.

A funny thing about sitting on the beach to relax: it allows time to think and reflect. Leanne reflected on the moment when she told her sister in law about the cancer diagnosis. She was a bit perplexed by their reply — about how she didn’t look sick. Leanne confirmed that she could not yet feel the small lump, but the imaging did, in fact, see it. In return, Leanne inquired if the three women on the trip stayed current with their annual screenings. Their responses were the same: no.

“I have asked this question to many women since my diagnosis and I am stunned that so many women make the choice to avoid this potentially life-saving test due to 20 minutes of discomfort or inconvenience. I just assumed that everyone was doing their annual exams – like doctors encourage women over 40 to do,” shares Leanne. “To me, the choice of getting a mammogram or going through chemotherapy, surgery and/or radiation after advanced cancer is found is an obvious one. That’s why I schedule my exam every year. I can handle a mammogram.” After farewells and parting hugs with her family, Leanne left the sun-kissed sand and warm air to journey back to Montana. She was ready to face surgery to remove the cancerous lump, followed by radiation treatment just to be sure there were no other sneaky cancer cells hanging out still. According to Dr. Hulvat, without 3D technology on Leanne’s side, it was probable that this tumor would have continued to grow for another two years before being seen on a traditional mammogram. “I was only out of work for three days due to surgery. I have felt more down and out with a tough cold than with breast cancer surgery,” Leanne says with a hint of disbelief still. “And luckily, the 3D technology identified

the cancer so early that it never got into my lymph nodes. I am very fortunate. I had easy choices.” “Annual mammograms and 3D technology saved my life. I’m sure of it,” she adds confidently. This isn’t a cancer story. It’s a survivorship story. Fortunately, Leanne’s experience ends on a good note. The only thing that made it even better was that Leanne’s sisters-in-law returned home after vacation and scheduled a mammogram — even though they didn’t feel or look sick.

Most health insurance plans

include annual preventive screenings in standard coverage, including yearly mammograms for women over the age of 40. That’s great news and a great reason to put your routine screening on the calendar every 365 days. If you don’t have insurance or need support to get an annual screening, Montana Save a SisterTM may be able to help. For more information about Save a SisterTM and available financial assistance, call (877) 399-0384. Learn more about KRH breast health services online at krh.org/breasthealth. Kalispell Regional Healthcare offers two facilities and two locations for scheduling your mammogram. First, contact your primary care or women’s health care provider and ask them for an imaging order. Then call the imaging location of your choice to schedule your mammogram. · Kalispell: The Women’s Center at The HealthCenter, (406) 751-9729 · Whitefish: North Valley Hospital, Imaging Services: (406) 863-3576



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Tips for Daily Foot Care By Esther Barnes, DPM, FACFAS

If you have diabetes, it's important to make foot care part of your daily routine. Oftentimes when people have diabetes, they develop what is called “neuropathy,” which can involve a loss of feeling, specifically protective feeling. In other words, they may not recognize a problem such as if there is a blister, if there is a cut or injury to the skin on their foot, or if they have an object in their shoe. They may not have the feedback that those with proper feeling experience when there is a concern. At times this is difficult to understand since neuropathy can also result in pain, tingling, burning, a feeling of “pins and needles,” a tightness or a feeling or hot and/or cold. There are different kinds of nerves and each type of nerve may be affected differently from diabetes. When one experiences one of these sensations, it is difficult to understand that he/she may also experience a numbness or inability to feel something worrisome or something that can result if a bigger problem. Essentially, when feet and legs have neuropathy, a small cut or wound can go unnoticed. That's why it's critical to check for problems before they get infected and lead to serious complications, like an ulceration, infection, or amputation. Daily foot care and daily foot inspections are so important. Most foot amputations can be prevented if a diabetic patient gets a wound or other foot concern (blister, bleeding callus) treated in time and properly. This involves checking your feet daily and seeing a foot doctor (podiatrist) every two or three months in order to catch problems early.


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Prevention is key and prevention starts with regular foot care.

Diabetes: Tips for Regular Foot Care

● Wash and dry your feet with mild soap and warm water. Dry your feet thoroughly, especially between the toes, an area more prone to fungal infections. Use lotion on your feet to prevent cracking, but don't put the lotion between your toes. ● Do not soak feet, or you'll risk infection if the skin begins to break down. If you have neuropathy, take care with water temperature. You risk burning your skin if you can't feel that the water is too hot. Also, the neuropathy that results in loss of protective feeling can also lead to excessive dryness. Soaking feet can make this more pronounced, making the skin more prone to breakdown, cracking, fissuring, and therefore infection. ● Look at your Feet Every Day…

Your Daily Foot Exam Checklist

If you have diabetes, you should check the tops and bottoms of your feet each and every day. You can use a mirror if you cannot see the bottoms of your feet, or if you do not have someone available to help you. Also, be sure to get your feet examined at every doctor's visit.

When examining your feet, look for:

● Dry skin: Use moisturizing soaps and lotions to keep your skin soft, but don't put lotion between toes; moisture there can cause fungus growth. ● Corns/calluses: Before doing anything, seek care and evaluation by a podiatrist. If you are at “high risk” (vascular disease, etc), you should not attempt to treat your calluses yourself, not even with a pumice stone. Lower risk people may have options avaialble for callus debulking so check with your podiatrist. Do not use drugstore remedies for corns and calluses and do not try to cut or remove a corn or callus yourself unless directed by your doctor.

health} ● Blisters: If shoes don't fit properly, blisters can develop. Don't break a blister open as this will risk infection. Simply clean it and apply an antibacterial cream, then cover it with a bandage. ● Cuts/scratches: Wash cuts and scratches with mild soap and water. If your cut has redness, is oozing, or has a foul-smelling discharge, contact your doctor right away. ● Ulcers: Minor scrapes or cuts that heal slowly, or sores from badlyfitting shoes, can become infected, causing ulcers. To prevent foot ulcers, treat scrapes or cuts right away. Talk to your doctor about any foot sores you have. It's important to get them treated immediately. ● Plantar warts: These painful callus look-alikes are caused by a virus and develop on the foot's underside. See a doctor for treatment, especially if you have diabetes. ● Cracking, itching, red skin between the toes can be signs of athlete's foot fungus. This should be treated right away to prevent further infection. Your doctor can give you recommendations on how this should be treated. ● Ingrown toenails: Trimming toenails regularly -- cutting only across the top -- helps prevent ingrown toenails. When toenails cut into the skin, pain, redness, and infection may result. ● Thickened toenails that are thick and brittle means you may have a fungal nail infection. Although there are not any proven 100% effective treatment options for the fungus, your doctor can make recommendations. More importantly, having these treated routinely may be advised by your podiatrist in attempt to minimize pressure on your shoes, snagging on your socks, or other injuries that can result from the nails being so thick, especially if you are at risk for infections for other reasons (arterial disease, or poor circulation). ● Redness, warmth, swelling, or pain: These may be signs of inflammation but more concerning is that they can be signs of an infection.

Call Your Doctor Immediately if You Notice:

● Corns or calluses. ● Dry cracks in the skin, especially around the heel. ● Open sores on your feet that are draining or slow to heal. ● Ingrown toenails or toenails infected with fungus. ● Pain in your legs. ● Swelling in your foot or ankle. ● Changes in skin color. ● Changes in skin temperature.

How to Protect Your Feet:

● Do not go barefoot. ● Wear only flat shoes that cover your feet. ● No high-heels and no open-toed shoes. ● Break in new footwear gradually. ● Make sure shoes fit properly. ● Buy shoes when wearing your normal socks. ● Look at your Feet Each and Every Day!

Dr. Esther Barnes, DPM, FACAS

practices at Step Ahead Foot & Ankle Clinic in Kalispell, where she enjoys treating all foot and ankle concerns. She is certified, in both Foot Surgery and Reconstructive Rearfoot / Ankle Surgery, by the American Board of Foot and Ankle Surgery.



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Build a fence By Kelly Pris

(around your immune system)! As much as we wish it wouldn’t, our beautiful Montana summer is shifting towards cold nights, cool days, and more time spent indoors. And, while we enjoyed the summer at peak health, focusing our energy on fun in the sun, now is the time we have to start thinking in terms of how to keep healthy through the long, cold winter. I don’t know about you, but I’ve come to expect that first phone-call of the fall from my children’s school, advising me to come pick up one or both of them because of illness. The dreaded cold and flu season is like an annoying neighbor; it is always showing up uninvited and ruining your day. But, like your pesky neighbor, there are ways to keep it at a safe distance. Build a fence. Lock your door. And, shut your blinds. No, it doesn’t mean you have to hole up in your house all winter, but,


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figuratively speaking, protect yourself from contact with the unwanted.

As a source of natural defense, the immune system is designed to spring into action to support every area of the body and many herbs have traditionally been used to enhance this systems ability to do so.

Perhaps one of the best-known and extensively studied herbs for immune support is Echinacea. As Published in the journal Lancet Infectious Diseases, the University of Connecticut performed a metaanalysis study that evaluated 14 studies and determined that:

· Echinacea cuts the chances of catching a common cold by 58 percent. · Echinacea reduces the duration of the common cold by almost one-and-a-half days.

Becoming increasingly popular among herbal immune remedies over the past few years is the Elderberry. The idea of using this berry to promote good health is not new, as all parts of the plant have historically been used for this purpose. Recently, however, researchers have been working to discover what it is that makes these berries so special. The high content of anthocyanin appears to be mostly responsible for the berry’s superior health effects. This phytochemical helps to protect the plant from environmental stressors, a benefit that may carry over into its use as an immune-supporting herb for humans. Nature abounds with solutions for everyday health concerns, most of which have been used and proven successful throughout centuries of use. As the cooler weather sets in and immune systems feel the pressure, give some thought to herbal remedies. Children are especially susceptible to these issues, and with many of the more common medical


immune system

As a source of natural defense, the immune system is designed to spring into action to support every area of the body and many herbs have traditionally been used to enhance this systems ability to do so. treatments unsuitable for them; it only makes sense to seek natural alternatives.

Visit us online or stop by our store in Somers. With over 40 herbal formulas and even more single extracts, we’ve got something for everyone! www.mmherbs.com 1019 Hard Rock Rd., Somers, MT 1.888.528.8615



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Dr. Tammy Stenberg, DC Healing Hands Chiropractic and Wellness By Mary Wallace Photo by Amanda Wilson Photography

Dr. Tammy Stenberg didn’t actually start out to be a chiropractor, nor a practitioner of alternative wellness. She cheerfully admits that she traveled a long and varied (but mostly fun) path to arrive at this profession that she is so passionate about. Dr. Tammy (as she likes to be called), of Healing Hands Chiropractic and Wellness, is a holistic primary care provider of low force, gentle chiropractic care. She also offers energy healing modalities such as Craniosacral, Reiki and Attunements, along with Nutrition Response Testing. Her practice is located in the Wellness Education Center at 103 Ponderosa Lane, Kalispell, MT.

Dr. Tammy started out to be a massage therapist (a good one!), but she discovered that what she really loved was helping people feel better. She eventually realized that she wanted to learn more about the human body to open up more opportunities to help people.

Growing up in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, Dr. Tammy moved to San Diego at the age of 22 years old. She moved multiple times and had many different jobs, and she makes no bones about the fact that she had the most fun doing so! She moved to Portland in 2001


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and stayed there for 15 years. She obtained her Massage Therapy Licensure there and practiced massage for eight years, including the time spent attending the University of Western States Chiropractic School. In 2013 she completed four years of medical school obtaining her Doctorate in Chiropractic and a Bachelor Degree in Human Biology. She began her original Healing Hands Chiropractic and Wellness practice at a wellness center in Hillsboro, Oregon. Remembering how much she loved visiting relatives and spending summers in the Flathead Valley as a kid, she took a leap in 2016 and made the big move to Kalispell, where she opened her local practice under the same business name - Healing Hands Chiropractic and Wellness - in the Wellness Education Center. “I love living here!” says Stenberg, “It is a dream come true!”

Dr. Tammy says her favorite thing about her practice is that she gets to educate and empower people about their body so that they can live a longer healthier life!

Her least favorite thing is also part of her most favorite - when her patients get well again, and she doesn’t get to see them as often. Each person she works with is unique and special, and Stenberg says she looks forward to seeing them on a personal level. Nevertheless, she is always extremely happy when they are feeling well again! “That is my ultimate goal… and, of course, to have this happen as quickly as possible,” says Stenberg. Her favorite thing to hear from a patient is “I didn’t think I would ever have my full range of motion back and now my pain is gone!” Mission accomplished!

Stenberg’s recreational interests include anything outside. “I absolutely thrive being active outdoors! Hiking, camping, backpacking, fishing, cycling, kayaking, canoeing, and snow-

Dr. Tammy’s history and extensive experience as a bodyworker give her the special ability to feel beyond her finger tips. Although she applies the scientific knowledge she learned through a rigorous medical training program; she is able to use specialized, gentle techniques because her hands are trained to listen to each patient’s unique body.


Dr. Tammy Stenberg

shoeing.” Dr. Tammy says she is also passionate about learning – she is always reading a book that is teaching something new.

Is there such a thing as ‘gentle chiropractic’? Actually – yes. Since Dr. Tammy was a massage therapist for nine years prior to becoming a chiropractic physician, she understands the importance of getting the patient into a state of relaxation and the importance of maintaining that state, in order for the body to let down some of its natural protective defenses to allow the healing process to occur. Dr. Tammy’s history and extensive experience as a bodyworker give her the special ability to feel beyond her finger tips. Although she applies the scientific knowledge she learned through a rigorous medical training program; she is able to use specialized, gentle techniques because her hands are trained to listen to each patient’s unique body.

Her goal is to help as many people as possible be relieved of their pain, which she intends to do with her gentle chiropractic care to create a healthy nervous system. She also assists her patients by looking for underlying causes, as well as external environmental factors, for an individual’s health concerns through Nutrition Response Testing. Dr. Tammy treats individuals of all ages; from infants to seniors, both men and women, for any number of different conditions. Whether back/neck/joint pain, headaches, asthma, insomnia, fatigue, weight management, lack of energy, or any other health care concern, she strives to be each patient’s greatest ally in helping them live a long, high quality, well-adjusted, balanced, and pain-free life! Her plan for the future includes continuing to grow her current practice and expanding into other therapies of combined treatments to enhance and increase people’s choices to get well.

Dr. Tammy is a conservative, holistic practitioner who covers multiple topics in her office to address her patient’s entire well being. She offers complimentary evaluations. She can be reached by calling 406-261-9872 or emailing drtammy@hotmail.com. Visit www.drtammystenberg. com for more information.



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Yogis should do Pilates and vis-a-versa

By Delia Buckmaster, PMA®-CPT Photos by Amanda Wilson Photography location Dancing Spirit Ranch

Did you know that adding a weekly Pilates class to your Yoga routine can have a profound impact on your practice? The 6 Pilates principles are in place to guide the student through a Pilates workout in the most effective way. The hope is that the exercises are done in a manner that will allow the student to carry these principles off the mat to everyday life. This can include other workouts or disciplines.

1. Concentration 2. Centering 3. Control 4. Breathing 5. Precision 6. Flow How Pilates and Yoga are the same…

Joseph Pilates's technique was derived from his study of Eastern philosophy, and many say this included yoga. In his book Pilates' Return to Life Through Contrology, he wrote that age is gauged not by years but by the suppleness of the spine. He also noted that full, deep breathing is a key component to efficient movement. And some Pilates mat reveal similarities between Pilates exercises and asanas: Side Lift is much like Vasisthasana (Side Plank Pose), Roll Over is reminiscent of Halasana (Plow Pose), and Swimming could be mistaken for Salabhasana (Locust Pose).

Yoga and Pilates don’t have to be two separate practices. Together they can strengthen your core, lengthen your side body, and improve your alignment. They are similar yet different in ways that compliment each other well.


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With the help of certified Yogi Robin Gardner, here are some exercises and asanas that are similar and also complimentary to each other.

Swan Dive

Bridge Pose / setu banhasana

Upward Facing Dog / muhka svanasana

half lord of the fishes / ardha matsyendrasana

Shoulder Stand / salamba sarvangasana

Spine twist

Jack knife (modified)

Boat pose / navasana

Shoulder bridge

Teaser (prep)

Stressed about social media? Many people have concerns about social media’s impact on their mental health. Social Media (SM) includes Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Snapchat, to name a few. 40% of the world’s population has at least one SM account. This translates to roughly three billion people with most users averaging 2 hours of SM use per day. What impact does this usage have on overall health? How does it impact our feelings about ourselves? Our relationships with others? The answer may surprise you! At first, statistics around SM usage seem to contradict themselves. While a 2014 study showed a worsening of mood after 20 minutes of Facebook usage versus general internet usage, another study cites that the more women use Twitter, the less stress they report. A 2016 study showed a three-fold increase in depression and anxiety in those who use a higher number of social media platforms while another study showed an


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By Kassandra Patton

increase in overall well-being in some heavy SM users due to support and encouragement received when they posted about problems they were experiencing. While these statistics seem confusing at first, it may be helpful to look at how social media impacts different areas of our lives.

Self Esteem-

One-half of 18-34 year olds report feeling that social media sites make them feel inadequate and unattractive. Women especially, compare themselves to other’s selfie photos that can be doctored with filters and effects to enhance looks. Overall, women who spent more time on Facebook reported feeling less happy and confident with themselves.

Insomnia- Internet and screen usage in the few

hours prior to bed have been linked to difficulties in both falling asleep and staying asleep. The blue light emitted from tablets and phones held close to the face has been shown to decrease the brain’s production of melatonin. Melatonin is the hormone that the body releases in response to decreasing light to tell the body it’s time to go sleep (which explains why you can be tired at 5:00 p.m. in December!). While social media itself cannot be directly tied to sleep disruption, there is a clear connection between increased screen usage and insomnia.

Loneliness- While it may seem that social media connects us to others, a study of 7,000 19-32 year olds found that those who spent the most time on social media also reported the most social isolation. This may be a cause and effect issue since those who feel more isolated may try to connect to others via the internet. In fact, one of the positives of social media is its ability to stay connected to distant relatives and friends. Also, those who feel overwhelmed or apprehensive about contact in person, such as people with certain anxiety disorders, may gain a sense of connection with others in the comfort and safety of their own home. This may explain the statistic that notes an increase in anxiety in those who use seven or more social media platforms versus those who use two or less. It could be that those with the most anxiety are more likely to be trying to connect with others via social media. The study couldn’t determine whether social media caused the anxiety or the anxiety increased social media usage. Stress- People use social media to vent their daily stresses and frustrations, which can be a good thing. An outlet to share concerns with those who can offer support may help improve moods. Those able to express their emotions and receive support from friends and family are more likely to benefit from social media and report a better overall sense of well-being. However, not everyone uses social media to support

health} social media those that post their true thoughts or feelings and negative comments can lead to worsening of stress in someone seeking relief from frustrations. In addition, if a person posts negative comments to express their feelings, their news feed may be filled with other stress-related posts, increasing overall stress when viewed.

Relationships- The mere presence of a cell phone while people are interacting face to face can decrease the overall recall of what was said during the conversation. In a study with people conversing in a private, one on one environment, half had their cell phones with them and the other half did not. Even though they did not use their cell phones during the conversations, those who had them had a decreased ability to recall what was said. They also reported less meaningful conversations and were less likely to report a sense of closeness to the other person. This study does not have anything to do with social media directly, but cell phones are frequently used to access social media sites and are often the first thing somebody reaches for when they are bored or when there is a moment of downtime which might lead to the next topic in conversation.


While there is not a medical diagnosis of “Social Media Addiction” at the time of this writing, there is a diagnosis of “Internet Addiction Disorder” that is defined as “any onlinerelated, compulsive behavior which interferes with

normal living and causes severe stress on family, friends, loved ones, and one’s work environment.” Excessive internet usage has been linked to problems in relationships, worsening school achievements and a decrease in “real world” activities. Anyone can fall into the trap of internet addiction, but those with few ties in real life may be more vulnerable. In other words, those reporting more social isolation can be using social media the most. At the other end of the spectrum, those considered “highly extroverted” or very outgoing may also be more at risk for Internet addiction as they seek more social interaction or positive reinforcement from both “real life” and social media.

What Can We Do-

● Hide negative posts and people in your news feeds by unfollowing them. Fill your news feeds with positive people, pages, and things that bring you joy. ● If you have a good, supportive online network, reach out and share your struggles. You may be surprised to find how often others share the same difficult issues. They may be able to offer you advise on how to get through hard times or at least lend a sympathetic ear. ● Limit your tablet and smartphone usage in the 2 hours prior to bed. Watching TV from a distance should not impact ability to fall asleep as much as screens that are held close to the face.

What can we do to incorporate social media into our lives in a healthy way? Here are a few recommendations to help maintain a healthy balance:

● If you still feel like you are struggling, make an appointment to see your health care provider to discuss your concerns. They may have additional resources to help you.

● Turn off notifications from your social media sites. This will help keep you from being pulled from the “real world” into the online world. Establish a time each day when you check your news feeds and then that’s it for the day!

Kassandra Patton, WHNP joined Kalispell OB/ GYN in March of 2013, moving to Montana from Illinois with extensive experience as a women’s health nurse practitioner. Prior to becoming a nurse practitioner, she worked for 10 years as a labor & delivery nurse. Kassandra has a strong interest in teenage wellness exams, reproductive health and contraception management. She and her husband, Jeremy, have two children, three dogs and two cats. They love the outdoors and moved to Montana looking to enjoy a better lifestyle in our beautiful Big Sky Country.

● Pick up the phone! Actually make phone calls or set up times to meet with people face to face. ● Then put down the phone! When you are interacting with people, make sure your device is stashed in your purse or bag and not within eyesight.


Confused with your Child’s Diet?

Balance the Brain – Gut Connection First By Dr. C. Claude Basler, DC, Basler Family Chiropractic

FOOD, FOOD, FOOD. Here’s some food for thought. Before you go down multiple rabbit holes of allergy testing, adding food, and eliminating food and on and on, why not turn your attention to the immune system and understand what the body is going through. It’s no secret that high fructose corn syrup or any of the other chemicals that are put in our food is bad for you.

Regardless, the body is far more intelligent than anything that is genetically modified. A healthy developing child will be able to ADAPT and process whatever food is consumed as long as the brain-gut connection is intact and without interference. The brain-gut connection is a statement used to describe the relationship between the central nerve system and the immune system. The CNS is the master control system. It developed and


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continues to control every system in your entire body including the immune system itself. 7080% of your immune system is located in the “gut.” The brain communicates with the immune system via an extensive network of “highways” made up of your spinal cord and spinal nerves (CNS). Hence, the brain-gut connection. The spinal cord is the highway and the spinal nerves are the on and off ramps. When stress occurs on the CNS it disrupts the normal flow of communication or “traffic” by inhibiting the messages that are supposed to be sent via the spinal nerves. What happens? The body goes into a chronic state of dysfunction. When the normal flow of communication is dysfunctional the cellular tissue make-up of the vital organs, glands and tissue of the body become inflamed. Inflammation wreaks havoc on the immune system. Remember that inflammation in the body is a GOOD thing utilized to defend and adapt to stressors initially, but when the body attempts to adapt and fails, chronic inflammation will spread throughout the body un-

checked. The body will respond with symptoms. This can result in IBS, diverticulitis, crohn’s disease, leaky-gut, constipation, etc. Symptoms are the bodies first way of showing that it is attempting to heal itself. This should exist only for a short period of time. When the CNS fails to overcome and heal, the diagnosis ensue and we begin to think it is “normal” for us to live our lives with constant symptoms of one sort or another.

Balancing the brain-gut connection is the NATURAL way to ensure that optimal function is present within your child. This does not require eliminating food, avoiding food or going down different rabbit holes to find out the source of the problem. The source begins with balancing the CNS. Chiropractic’s main focus is to make sure the CNS is intact and free of limitations. This is attained by making specific spinal adjustments where subluxations are present. A subluxation is a misalignment within the spine that puts stress on one or more spinal nerves. These stresses bring about dysfunction in the body. However,

Balancing the brain-gut connection is the NATURAL way to ensure that optimal function is present within your child. This does not require eliminating food, avoiding food or going down different rabbit holes to find out the source of the problem. The source begins with balancing the CNS. it is important to note that subluxations will exist with or without pain or will show its presence via different symptoms, e.g., GI symptoms (Gastric Intestinal). One of the first symptoms children express are GI symptoms. GI symptoms are painful but when they are a daily occurrence, we just begin to think they are “normal.” By removing interference within the spinal column, your child’s brain-gut connection becomes enhanced. Automatically, when the CNS is free of limitations and subluxations are removed, the immune system will begin to filter in the good and extract the bad without producing GI symptoms. There are measurable improvements in immune function within minutes after a spinal adjustment proven by the measure of antibodies in the saliva. When you take care of the CNS it is a literal “gut-check.” Research published in the November 2002 issue of the Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research ( JVSR) demonstrates that chiropractic care may be effective in helping patients with allergies and crohn’s disease. Once again this is attributed to the brain-gut connection and the understanding of the effects that the CNS has on every aspect of digestion. Digestive disturbances can become a thing of the past for your child by reducing the cause of the symptoms. Our aim is not just to suppress the symptoms. We want to restore natural and normal rhythm within the GI. The best way for your child to have a “normal diet” is to prevent illness by establishing a strong

and balanced brain–gut connection. So, regardless if you’re taking a break from normal meals and splurging on pizza night for the family, you don’t have to worry about the aftermath. Healthy spine = healthy nerve system = healthy immune system.

Dr. Claude Basler, DC is a Chiropractor and Dad of three. His office, Basler Family Chiropractic, is located in downtown Kalispell. His mission first and foremost at Basler Family Chiropractic is to serve God and the people He created through specific Gonstead Chiropractic care. Dr. Basler wants the Flathead Community to be the healthiest place to live and is committed to seeing the next generation of children being raised healthier than the past. He raises the value of health in our community and it is his passion and commitment in his office to serve you and the next generation to come.



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An Amazing True Story of a

Chicken and the Adams Family By Kristen Hamilton

Andrew holding Daisy Duke, a Buff Orpington hen. (She was a young chick who appeared at the very end of the book when Andrew and Sue were paying tribute to Frightful.)

Adams and her family survived one of the most gut wrenching and emotional ordeals over a 10-year period and luckily for all those who follow, she’s written a book to tell her story.

The book, “The Chicken Who Saved Us: The Remarkable Story of Andrew and Frightful”, is receiving rave reviews from parents and doctors alike. After reading it myself, I can only join in the accolades. Adams grew up in the Seattle area and attended high school in the 80’s. She attended the University of Washington and graduated with a BFA in Graphic Design. She married her high school sweetheart, Jon Adams, in 1990 and they started their family. Andrew was first then three years later Hannah joined the family. Andrew is autistic and didn’t utter a word until he was four,” according to Adams. From there he spoke in riddles and the family was always struggling to decode his language. When Andrew was 8 years old and Hannah was 5, the family went to DeYoung’s


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At first glance you’d think Kristin Jarvis Adams was your typical mom with two kids, a lovely home with a proverbial white picket fence, and a side business. That is what you may think but you’d be wrong. Feed Store in Woodinville, Washington for the annual Chick Fest. Andrew discovered a bin of baby chickens on the far side of the room. They were Araucana hens and Tony the store clerk told him that they lay beautiful blue eggs. A few minutes later, Andrew approached his parents gently cupping a splotchy brown and black chick in his hands and announced, “She is my new friend. I’d like to bring her home with me.” Adams said

that she was astonished he had spoken so clearly. That sentence along with the children’s pleas were all they needed and next thing you know they are heading home with six chicks and all the items needed to raise them. Andrew told his parents her name was Frightful. When asked why he called her Frightful he replied, “Because she told me that was her name.” When pressed he added “She will be brave for me. Frightful will save me.” Frightful was not only Andrew’s best friend but his confident as well with him admitting to her one summer afternoon “I think my body is trying to kill me.”

Adams admitted, “Andrew was sick pretty much his entire childhood. It became critical when he was 16 years old.” Hannah (5 years old) and Andrew (8 years old) with baby chicks at DeYoungs Feed Store when Frightful joins the family.

In and out of doctor’s offices, hospital emergency rooms, then eventually moving into to the hospital at 16 years old, Andrew was in constant excruciating pain. When he was finally diagnosed with a rare

The Adams family today from left to right: Jon, Hannah, Kristin, Andrew

Andrew and Hannah as adults holding baby chicks at the book launch party.

genetic disorder, the doctors were then baffled as to how to cure him or at least help lesson the pain. Hannah adored her brother and throughout it all stayed strong and seemed to understand her role in the family, eventually saving Andrew’s life. Frightful of course couldn’t visit at the hospital but stayed ever vigilant to her best friend at home on her perch by the window and via technology at the hospital. Adams and her husband did what they could to save their son and keep their heads above water for what seemed like eternity. They are forever grateful for friends and family that stepped in and up so that they could focus on Andrew. While reading her story, there were moments where I laughed out loud and other moments where I quietly sobbed. Adams captured the truism to dealing with a child’s life-threatening illness within a family unit and at the hospital surrounded by other parents and caregivers. “There is a whole world going on inside these [hospital] walls,” she said.

When asked why she decided to relive the ordeal and tell her story she said, “I felt the need and wanted people to know that you are not alone.” I am confident that anyone who is a parent or caregiver would benefit by reading her book.

“She will be brave for me. Frightful will save me.” Adams admits that many people have reached out with thanks and the book has touched people in different ways. One man wrote to her and said, “Oh my God you absolutely changed how I looked at my family’s situation.” Adams said, “He was the Hannah in the story.” Frightful lived to the ripe old age of 10…just long enough to see her friend Andrew come home from the hospital. Adams said that the phrase “Chick, chick, chickadee” became one that she knows had a bit of magic in it. Andrew would likely say to this day “Frightful saved my life.” Andrew is now 25 years old and doing well. He was able to graduate from high school and worked for the past three years as a prep chef. He is now thinking of his next step and as a family they are feeling things through and trying things on for size. I asked Adams her advice for other parents faced with a life threatening illness. She said “As a mama bear you protect your young over anything. That was the biggest thing for many years for my husband and I. When the illness blossomed like a mushroom cloud, it took over our lives. We tried to suck it up. Eventually I just called the church and asked for help.” The church responded by offering support to the family in every way possible. When Adams first shared her story, the pastor said, “We’ve got this and we’ll hold the story for you.” From there she learned it is so important to share/tell your story so others can “hold it” for you. Be connected to community…they can help.

“The Chicken Who Saved Us: The Remarkable Story of Andrew and Frightful” has won the Gold IPPY Award. It is available wherever books are sold and in Northwest Montana at Bookworks in Whitefish and The Bookshelf in Kalispell.



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ask the skin coach


DIY Skincare Don’ts


By Erin Blair, Licensed Esthetician + Certified Health Coach

I like to experiment with homemade and DIY products for my skin. Beauty bloggers are always promoting skin care that can be made with ingredients from the kitchen, and it makes sense to use products on my skin that I could eat. I’d also like to give myself treatments I can buy online because that’s a big savings over going in for a facial. But I’ve seen other information that says it’s not safe or desireable. What do you think? Are estheticians just saying their products are better so they can make a sale? I’m tired of the conflicting information I see online! What’s the truth?

A. It really all depends on whether you want to effect any change in your skin. Do you want to prevent or reverse signs of aging? Clear acne? Lighten dark spots? Firm and tighten? If you’re looking for any type of RESULT, you’ll be sadly disappointed. Food as skincare

First we need to recognize that the skin is not a digestive organ. When we chew and swallow food, saliva and the digestive tract break down, absorb, and deliver nutrients throughout the body. Skin is not capable of this. Of the many nutrient benefits of plants, only antioxidants can be absorbed through the skin. By contrast, scientifically formulated products incorporate standardized plant extracts that are carefully measured and controlled for efficacy. Extracts come not only from the parts we eat, but the


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entire plant including stems, seeds and roots. Plant extracts are able to penetrate deep into the skin and thus be utilized by the skin for their many properties. When you put whole, undigested food on your face, you get none of these benefits. You’d get more benefit from actually eating the food.

Milk, yogurt and honey are moisturizing. Manuka honey is antibacterial and is the only honey that should be applied to the skin. Cold milk compresses are great for hives, sunburn, etc. Beyond that, these products have no real value in skincare.

Glue masks

Charcoal and glue masks have been popular DIY exfoliation for awhile now. I suppose if you keep it out of your eyebrows, and haven’t been using a Retinoid (vitamin A treatment)

then there’s not too much to fear with these. Otherwise you run the risk of lifting a considerable amount of skin, bleeding and possibly scarring. If your skin is compromised in any way, a glue mask is just a bad idea. If you’ve taken Accutane in the last year, it’s out of the question.

Professional strength peels

Just because you CAN buy it on Amazon, doesn’t mean you SHOULD. Any type of chemical exfoliation, or skin peel, requires a certain amount of knowledge. Do you have training on peel pH? Do you know what that means, and what to do with that information? Do you know when a peel is contraindicated? Do you know your Fitzpatrick type, and which peels should be avoided for which type? Do you know how long to leave on, and how to properly neutralize a peel? Too frequently, we

estheticians hear from clients (or more accurately, their desperate friends) who have harmed themselves with a peel they bought online. They want to know, ‘What should I do, how do I fix this, it hurts and looks terrible!’ Peels that are too strong for me to perform as a trained, Montana Licensed Esthetician are available to anyone online. Bottom line: Is it worth saving a few bucks by skipping the trained professional? Nope.

Homemade Sunscreen

You’ve heard coconut oil is the BEST sunscreen. Guess what? It has a weak SPF value of 15. It’ll also clog the bejeebles out of your skin if you’re even mildly acne prone. Of course, you can mix zinc or titanium dioxide powder in to make a better SPF value, but you’ll hate how it looks and feels. Given that UV radiation is the #1 cause of skin aging (and of course cancer) why cheap out on the most important part of your regimen? I mean, if you waste some avocado or yogurt on your face, no major harm done. But risking inadequate sun protection should be non negotiable. Invest in a good one that’s been FDA cleared for the SPF rating it claims (should be a MINIMUM SPF 30), and use it rain or shine. In the end, it comes down to the why. WHY do you want to DIY? If it’s to take some fun selfies while ‘avocado masking’ then knock yourself out! Anything more is wishful thinking.

Erin Blair, LE CHC owns Skin Therapy Studio, where she embraces a creative method of treatments, products and coaching to get skin clear... and keep it that way. It's a 'whole person' approach to difficult skin concerns. Visit SkinTherapyStudio.com for more info, and to submit questions for Ask the Skin Coach.



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Happenings at

North Valley Hospital By Allison Linville

There’s a lot going on at North Valley Hospital this fall, and we’re proud to continually partner with our local community to provide patient-centered care in a healing environment. Recently, there were some great opportunities to work with many of our community partners at local events. Here are some highlights for what’s going on at North Valley Hospital. Planetree Patient Centered Care:

In September, North Valley Hospital celebrated the Planetree Festival, held every two years as a way to give back to the community. We thanked our community partners with free food and drink, fun games, a view of the SIM-MT training simulation van, live music, and more. North Valley Hospital also hosted the second drawing contest for Whitefish Middle School health classes with a theme of “What healthy means to you.” The drawings were incredible and provided colorful decorations at the event. Three students from each grade won a prize, and we are grateful to all students for participating. The artwork and creativity was amazing!

Finally, this summer, North Valley Hospital broke ground on the Planetree Healing Garden, a community garden on the hospital campus. The healing garden will provide a serene space for patients, visitors, employees, and the community to sit and enjoy nature.


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North Valley Hospital also partnered with local groups through the Planetree Healing Garden to support wellness, activity, and getting outside. There are garden beds dedicated to the NVH Diabetes Prevention Program and The Springs at Whitefish for residents to garden, and produce will be used in the NVH Food Rx healthy eating program in addition to the Valley Café at North Valley Hospital.

Upcoming Community Education Classes:

North Valley Hospital supports community education in a variety of topics. Many classes are offered through The Birth Center at North Valley Hospital, which provides free courses in childbirth preparation, breastfeeding, sibling preparation, understanding loss, and more issues that impact families. Updated dates and times are always viewable at nvhosp.org on the calendar of events. In January, the next Diabetes Prevention Program will kick off at NVH, which provides informative sessions with a dietician, a wellness coach, and a personal trainer. Learn how to make a positive change to improve your quality of life with Diabetes Prevention Program. Course dates will be listed at nvhosp.org as they are available, and you can call (4060 863-3519 for more information. Also, look for an informative session in mid-January to meet the team and ask questions before you commit to the program.

Opening the Base Lodge Clinic at Whitefish Mountain Resort:

From opening through closing day at Whitefish Mountain Resort, the Base Lodge Clinic is in full operation from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily. The Base Lodge Clinic supports a digital x-ray for prompt diagnosis and treatment of orthopedic injuries, and Board Certified Physician Assistants and Nurse Practitioners on staff can address cold and flu symptoms, infections, burns, fractures, sprains, and minor cuts requiring stitches. Physician coverage is through the North Valley Hospital emergency department. Put the Base Lodge Clinic in your phone so you can call them if you run into trouble on the mountain: (406) 862-1717.

Thank you from North Valley Hospital:

As always, we are grateful for our community that partners with us to provide high quality care. North Valley Hospital’s commitment to the Planetree philosophy is a commitment to providing patient-centered care. We are patient-centered and community centered, and we thank our community for the support. From fundraising in the Whitefish Community Foundation’s Great Fish Challenge this summer (thank you to all who contributed!) to coming out to the Planetree Festival, we’re proud to be a part of Whitefish and our greater service area.

Above photos from left to right: The Community Garden. North Valley Hospital employees talk to Pharmacy Director Andrew Matulionis at the pharmacy booth at the Planetree Festival, September 12, 2018. The Planetree Festival.

Winter Is Coming eep K Smiling by Dr. John F. Miller DDS

We are staring down winter folks. I pushed it out of my mind, convinced myself that it wouldn’t return. And yet, despite all my “jedi mind tricks” and appeals to the universe, October has arrived. It could snow before we flip the calendar. SNOW PEOPLE!! Let’s pull on our Sorels and tune up our snow-blowers and get through this together. We need each other’s smiles over the next six months. Not only is the weather going to get trying, we are facing down the dental and waistline guantlet. With a shotgun start on October 31st, piles of halloween cavity nuggets unfortunately transition very easily into “pumpkin pie” & “eggnog” season. Some of you might refer to this as autumn or fall. Either way, the sun is no longer bathing us in happiness so we seek out alternative savory and sweet sources. Seriously, I hope whoever invented eggnog received a Nobel Prize for their contributions to humanity. Alright, I’m obviously making an over generalization with assuming you are all as weak as me when it comes to the holidays and the treats they offer. You are all amazing examples of self control and


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are all very svelte I might add. But in anticipation of moments of weakness let’s approach this holiday season a little smarter following a frank discussion on dental caries (aka cavities; aka tooth decay). What more can I teach you about tooth decay? You’re going to say, “sugar rots your teeth. I already know that.” I’m going to get down to the simple science behind the creation of a tooth cavity so that you can make a more informed approach to the holidays with respect to your oral health. I’ll respond to your earlier comment and tell you, “sugar does not cause tooth decay any more than gasoline alone gets you to point B.” In other words, sugar needs a motor to harness its high energy chemical bonds. Our mouths are filled with billions of little motors in the form of bacteria. Some of these bacteria are cariogenic and responsible for tooth decay. Mainly Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacilli. They ferment the available sugar and create lactic acid as a by-product; this is the direct cause of tooth decay: ACID! Right now, as you read, your teeth are under attack. Bacteria are colonizing and creating a biofilm (plaque) on your tooth surface. Cariogenic bacteria thrive in an environment devoid of oxygen. The thicker the layer of plaque, the less oxygen available at the tooth surface, the more potent the bacteria, the more acid being produced, the greater the rate of tooth decay.

Now that we have established that acid is the direct cause of tooth decay, let’s discuss the oral pH cycle. The pH scale is a logarithmic measure of acidity. To keep things brief, the lower the pH value, the more acidic something is. Our mouths have a physiologic resting pH of approximately 7.0, or neutral. After we eat food containing fermentable carbohydrates, the pH levels within plaque drops below 5.0 rapidly as bacteria convert the available sugar into acid. Demineralization (decay) of dental enamel occurs at a pH of 5.5 or less while remineralization (repair) occurs at pH levels above 5.5. Saliva acts to neutralize the mouth and restore healthy pH levels, but this typically takes about 30 minutes. So everytime you eat, drink, snack, etc. your teeth experience demineralization from the first bite until 30 minutes following the last bite. This should get the wheels in your head turning, you’ve been informed, think about your morning coffee that you sip over the course of 2 hours. This equates to 2.5 hours of tooth demineralization. Even worse, sustained periods of high acidity will eliminate healthy bacteria resulting in a higher concentration of cariogenic bacteria, lower pH levels, and more rampant tooth decay. Halloween is upon us. Our children gain access to a bag of candy that they will devour over the space of a few days. It is not only possible, but probable that they will have a sustained oral pH of 5.0 or less for days on end. Irreversible damage

Not only is the weather going to get trying, we are facing down the dental and waistline guantlet. health} is inevitable. Thanksgiving is next, offering up bottomless supplies of pies, sweet potatoes, cranberry sauces, and cider that segue seamlessly into December’s caramels, fudge, cookies, cocoa, etc. It doesn’t end until midnight on New Year’s. My purpose is not to be a party pooper, but rather to inform and let the reader react accordingly. The day after halloween I’m going to exercise my right as a father to confiscate any and all Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups and enjoy them...my way. During Thanksgiving, I fully intend on consuming my weight in pumpkin pie, and you already know my stance on eggnog. I take it personally every year as they remove it from the shelf, as if they are staging an eggnog intervention. “Don’t judge me,” I think, “I’m in complete control”...while they call security. As I’m doing these things however, I’m going to be conscious of the microbiotic processes being carried out along the surfaces of my teeth, and I’m going to take measures to combat them. So I want to leave you with a few tips so your teeth will survive the holidays and be just as healthy (if not healthier) than going in.

Brush your teeth 3 times per day. This disrupts the bacterial plaque reducing the amount of harmful bacteria and exposing them to Oxygen. Don’t forget your gums, a common location for plaque accumulation. Floss between teeth once per day.

This disrupts plaque between teeth, the most common location of tooth decay.

Use a fluoride rinse right before bedtime.

Topical fluoride greatly aids in the repair of damaged enamel and makes it much more resistant to acidic demineralization.

Rinse your mouth with water after snacking.

This will greatly dilute the acid in your mouth and raise the pH rapidly. If you want to go one step further, dissolve 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda in 8 oz. of water for a potent neutralizing mouth rinse, which is also great for fresh breath.

Chew sugar free gum.

This stimulates salivary flow which aids in acid neutralization. Of course you all know to brush and floss, but I want you to think about what you are accomplishing now that you are an informed defender of your precious enamel. You are disturbing and removing the acidic plaque, allowing oxygen to incapacitate the cariogenic bacteria. I want you to think critically about the acid levels in your mouth. It should not come as a surprise that orange juice is just as destructive as soda to your teeth. A biochemist whose career was focused on metabolism and obesity once told me 10 years ago, “If you ran three miles every day, you could pretty much eat whatever you wanted and not gain weight.” I’ve reflected on that a lot over the last decade. I don’t run three miles a day, but I also don’t get to eat whatever I want. Now you have a Dentist telling you, that if you brush and floss as you're supposed to, and rinse regularly, and see your Dentist and Hygienist every 6 months, you can pretty much eat what you want and avoid tooth decay. Assuming everything else is functioning properly and you are mindful of your mouth’s pH cycle. I wish you all the happiest of holidays, and I sincerely want you to enjoy all the indulgences that come your way. Thank You!



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Come Discover Southside Consignment II The Place to Bring your friends and family!

Best place to shop for antiques!

2699 hwy 93 south, kalispell 406.756.8526 - Create your own individuality

SouthsideConsignment & antiques

Celebrating 27 Fabulous years!

Over 6,000 Square Feet of recycled Decor & Fine Collectibles

treasures mixing old with new!

Let us consign your treasures - Let the gals help you with decorating ideas

406 contents design 14. Tablescaping Symmetry 20. get cozy

travel 24. TEK IT EASY

food & flavor 28. World Spice 28. Fisherman’s Stew 30. Carrot Cake 32. Climate and Cumin


fashion 38. Kickin' It The Village Shop


40. Megan & ryan 46. Sabina & Dominic


52. Kathlyn Williams


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406 Cover Girl

w o m a n


Cindy Gerrity


business manager Daley McDaniel


executive editor

Kristen Hamilton



Sara Joy Pinnell

Brooke Williams

I was born and raised in Eureka, Montana. Being from a small town, I appreciate the outdoors and enjoy fishing, camping, etc. with my parents and two siblings. I graduated from Lincoln County High School in 2012 and attended cosmetology school at the Paul Mitchell School of Spokane. I now live in the Flathead Valley and work as a Cosmetologist at Amore Downtown. The beauty industry is so powerful; I chose this career because I knew that I could make a difference in people’s lives. Growing up with low self-esteem I know what it feels like to not have that confidence in your everyday life. I am blessed to have the opportunity to inspire people, give them confidence, and help them see the true beauty that they are.



Daley McDaniel Photography Amanda Wilson Photography Alisia Dawn Photography Kelly Kirksey Photography Carrie Ann Photography Kathryn Hayes Media Green Kat Photography Jennifer Mooney Photography

P h o t o b y A m an d a W i l s o n P h o t o g r aph y ( www . a ma n d awi l s o nph o t o s . c o m )

Business Girl

Published by Skirts Publishing six times a year 704 C East 13th St. #138 Whitefish, MT 59937 info@406woman.com Copyright©2018 Skirts Publishing

View current and past issues of 406 Woman at

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Want to know about great events, open houses, and more? Like us on Facebook at facebook.com/406 Woman

Lauren Walker

Lauren Walker is the creator of Energy Medicine Yoga and the author of two best-selling books on the subject. She lives in Montana. Read her full story by Alyson Iannicelli in our Business & Health feature.

Photo by Kathryn Hayes (I n s t ag r a m : @ ka t h r y n h a y e s m e d i a // ka t h r y n h a y e s m e d i a . c o m )

406 Woman is distributed in Bigfork, Columbia Falls, Kalispell, Missoula, Whitefish and every point in between. Check out www.406woman.com for our full distribution list. Have a great story idea or know someone that we should feature? Email us with your comments & suggestions. Interested in increasing your business and partnering with 406 Woman? Check out www.406woman.com.

Editor’s Note Family – Kin – Tribe – Famille However you say it, we are approaching the time of year that we likely think most of family. What is the true meaning of family? To me it not only encompasses blood relationships but that extended family that supports you and loves you through thick and thin. The people you know will always be there for you. The people you can confide in and they in you. The people you would trust with your life. Sadly family is oftentimes the people we take most for granted. We forget to say please and thank you. We forget that morning kiss or evening hug. We forget that the little things make a difference. Take extra care during the craziness of the upcoming holidays of your family (extended and otherwise). Look in their eyes when you tell them you love them. Hug them a little longer. Or if they don’t live nearby, pick up the phone and call them. I for one am so very grateful for my family regardless of how they came into my life and plan to take my own advice and share my love during the upcoming holidays and throughout the year.

All the best to you and yours - Cheers!


In this issue you’ll find….


Brian D’Ambrosio has researched Montana resident Kathlyn Williams for this issue’s history feature. Williams was known as the Silent Serial Queen. Check out his story on page 52. Have you considering treating your face with DIY products? Before you do, be sure to check out Erin Blair’s Ask the Skin Coach for this issue. She’ll answer your questions and help you make an informed decision on page 56.

Amanda Bevill and Julie Kramis Hearne have created a delicious cookbook called “World Spice at Home: New Flavors for 75 Favorite Dishes.” We are happy that they have shared a couple of their favorite recipes from that book, Fisherman’s Stew with Harissa and Moist Carrot Cake with Kashmiri Garam Masala. Check them out on page 28.

Meet Our Talented 406 Contributors

Dr. Basler…

Dr. Esther Barnes, DPM, FACAS

Board certified foot and ankle specialist practicing at Step Ahead Foot & Ankle Clinic in Kalispell

C. Claude Basler, D.C.

Family chiropractor, allowing you to express your true potential

Erin Blair

Licensed esthetician and owner of Skin Therapy Studio

Delia Buckmaster

Owner of Delia's Pilates™, PMA®-CPT, International Educator, bootybarre® master trainer, health coach, mom, Montana obsessed.

Brian D’Ambrosio

Accomplished writer and newly published author of “Reservation Champ’

Kalispell OB/GYN Doctors & Practitioners

Board certified OB/GYN professional offering expert advice

Allison Linville

Community Relations Coordinator at North Valley Hospital

John Miller, DDS

Specializing in general dentistry, Dr Miller provides expert advice

Carole Morris

Instructional Specialist, Author and Adjunct Professor. The proud mom of two perfect children and grammie to three flawless grandchildren.

Kelly O’Brien, Esq.

Business law specialist with Measure Law Office, P.C.

Brianne Perleberg

Founder of I Want Her Job and marketing director at NASCAR track Phoenix Raceway.

Kelly Pris

Marketing Director at Mountain Meadow Herbs with over 12 years of experience in the dietary supplement industry.

Kristen Pulsifer

Writer, editor and owner of Whitefish Study Center

Dr Austine Siomos

A pediatric cardiologist at Rocky Mountain Heart & Lung plus a wife and mother

Jaymee Sire

Jaymee grew up in North Central Montana and is an Emmy Award winning sports broadcaster. She writes a food and travel blog called “e is for eat.” (eisforeat.com)

Mary Wallace

Mother of three and grandmother to two, is still trying to figure out what she wants to be when she grows up.

For full bios for our contributors, please visit www.406woman.com.


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Profession: I am a Gonstead Family Chiropractor. Resides: At the Basler "Farm" in Somers, MT.

Notable accomplishments: Being a father of three and being able to do what makes me tick, serving God and helping others! My workweek always includes: Espresso, affirmations from my team and confetti poppers to celebrate just about anything.

My favorite outdoor activity is: Which season? ;) Hunting in the fall. In the winter, it is teaching my oldest how to ski and gain a whip cream mustache from hot chocolate. In the Spring, it is searching for flowers and game birds with my kids and in the summer, it has to be huckleberry picking! When it comes to electronics, i cant live without: my alarm clock

My bucket list: Expanding our office to help and serve more families.


View current and past issues of 406 Woman at

w w w . 4 0 6 W o m a n . c o m



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Symmetry design}


By June Jeffries for Empress Tents and Events Photographed by Kelly Kirksey Photography

Symmetrical design cues affect our subconscious,

even when they are subtle and not consciously acknowledged with our first glance. The Greeks believed there to be three "ingredients" to beauty: symmetry, proportion, and harmony. We are drawn to balanced images, it is essential to design; balance is everywhere in nature: our bodies, seashells, cloud formations, and reflections; our brains love a sense of balance. In Montana, if you work in the wedding industry autumn means one thing: a little room to breathe; so while waiting to exhale WE thought this issue is the perfect opportunity to delve into the topic of table setting because the one thing about table setting that is evident when working in the wedding industry is this: how will it photograph, how will all the space work into the master plan because there is no such thing as free space - nothing in design is accidental or random: every inch of the table is part of the grand scheme. When designing a table the empty space becomes as much a part of the design as the space filled with dishware, florals and accents.

We love detail and everything about weddings is detail oriented: setting a table is one of the many details. A formal place setting is used for a meal of more than three courses: it is really an informal place setting advanced to the next level. The basic rule for a proper place setting is simple: utensils are placed in the order of use. Knife blades are always placed with the cutting edge toward the plate; no more than 3 of any implement are ‘ever’ placed on the table, except when an oyster fork is used. If more than 3 courses are served before dessert then the utensils are brought in with the food, likewise the salad fork and knife may be brought in when the salad course is served. Dessert spoons/forks are brought in on the dessert plate just before dessert is served. The menu guides placement of utensils. The charger plate (service plate) serves as an under plate for the plate holding the first course; it remains in place for any other courses. The butter plate is placed above the forks at the left of the place setting; dinner fork the largest of the forks is placed on the left of the plate. Other smaller forks for the other courses are arranged left or right of the dinner fork according to when they will be used. Glasses on the right, above the knives and spoons: they can number up to 5 and are placed in order of use. Where there are more than 3 they can be arranged with smaller glasses in front, the water goblet is placed directly above the knives, to the right are placed a red, a white wine glass, sherry/champagne flute to accompany the first course for an opening toast. The napkin is placed on top of the charger or placed to the left of the forks, or under, if the space is tight.



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For our tablescape we used wood chargers from William Sonoma, Cantaria plates, copper flatware, gold rimmed red wine glasses, champagne glasses (all available from Empress Tents & Events).

The most formal table setting includes a centerpiece as a focal point, settings are placed evenly around the table, silverware is lined up all the same distance from the edge of the table. The space not taken up by place settings is free space. Feel free to add extra flower arrangements, lighting and decor accents to create balance. Be careful not to overcrowd and arrange decorations so diners seated opposite can see each other.

For a little bit of fun we added a champagne bar and a seating area where guests can engage in conversation or a ‘friendly’ game of chess. The simplest of arrangements reinforces your party’s theme and style; there is no limit except deciding what type of balance to create in the space available. Anyone can bring a harmonious feel if they think about beauty, purpose and function.

A special thank you to: Lynn from Empress Tents Events (https://www.empresstentsevents.com) who always curates something beautiful (thank you Jennilee for the flowers), Mimi’s Bridal for the use of ‘space’ (http://www.mimisbridalmontana. com) and always, always Kelly Kirskey who photographs the ‘space’ (http://kellykirkseyphotography.com)



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Get Cozy By Wright’s Furniture

As temperatures begin to drop, create a cozy ambiance in your home with these simple additions. Our snuggly bedding and home accessories are the perfect way to add warmth and comfort to any room. With hundreds of options and combinations to choose from, we suggest taking advantage of our complimentary design services and letting our expert sales team/designers help you create that custom, one-of-a-kind look.



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Our wool accessories utilize durable, softloomed wool blends that are both stylish and utilitarian. From the fabric to the decorative blanket stitch edges, the quality in both materials and craftsmanship is undeniable. Additionally, our wool throws and pillows aren’t only decorative – they are soft to the touch, warm, machine-washable and made of high quality materials.


Cuddle throws

The name says it all: you can’t help but want to snuggle up with a good book when surrounded in our cuddle throws. Plush and luxurious to the touch, it’s a good thing they’re made from 100% polyester and machine-washable because you won’t be able to stop touching them.

Accent pillows

Accent pillows are one of the simplest ways to give a room a whole new feel. Choose pillows with warm colors or cozy textures to add warmth and comfort to any room in your home.

So simple. So stylish. This bedspread ensemble brings you an abundance of buffalo and ponderosa plaids that will fit into any decorating style. You’ll love the red, black, and gray statements and the interchangeable looks you can accomplish.

Faux furs

Stylish enough for a modern home and rugged enough for a mountain lodge, our faux fur throws and pillows are all the rave. The variety of styles range from polished and velvety, to rustic and realistic.

This bedspread ensemble features Scandinavian geometric snowflakes and mountains, with soft, solid colors and muted stripes. The calming blues and rich browns speak of a casual elegance, perfect for your bedroom retreat.

Pre-designed bedding sets of all styles and colors are available OR custom design your own bedding set in our Design Center and enjoy our Free Design Services.

Visit us at Wright’s Furniture in Whitefish to view our vast selection of home furnishings and accessories. Our showroom is stocked with items and design inspirations to help you get ready for a cozy fall season. 6325 Hwy 93 South, Whitefish, Montana 59937 | 406.862.2455 | OPEN DAILY | www.wrightsfurniturestore.com



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TEK IT EASY By Jaymee Sire Photos by Justin Aharoni

A winter escape to Jamaica Living in a place with harsh winters… (you know, the bone chilling, never-seem-to-end, somewhat depressing kind…) a trip to a sunny, tropical locale seems to be a necessity for me in those snowy months. It gives you something to look forward to, it gives you some muchneeded Vitamin D, and it gives your friends something to be jealous of when you come home with a suntan in the middle of January. That’s precisely how I ended up in the Caribbean last winter. Well, that, and to celebrate my boyfriend’s 40th birthday. Four days in “Jamaica, mon” turned out to be exactly what we needed. A place where the pace of life is slow and everyone is happy and friendly all the time. Where we stayed: Moon Palace Jamaica Moon Palace Jamaica is part of the Palace Resorts portfolio, located in Ocho Rios, about 90 minutes from the Montego Bay airport. Transportation is provided by the hotel, which is an all-inclusive property with several pools, private beachfront, fullservice spa, and no shortage of activities to keep you entertained during your stay. The staff is top-notch and overly accommodating and friendly.


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I don't normally gravitate towards all-inclusive resorts because I enjoy sampling the restaurants in places I visit, but we managed to do a little of both during our stay. It was a nice mix of exploring the local flavor and "I don't want to do anything but lay in the sun and have someone bring me drinks and food.” I have to admit; sometimes the latter was pretty wonderful.

What we did: A Whole Lot of Nothing Seriously. That’s why we went. As I mentioned, we were simply looking for a relaxing warm-weather reprieve from the negative temperatures back home, and that’s exactly what we got. Eat, drink, sun, repeat. (And no one will judge you if you decide to start drinking giant mimosas during the breakfast buffet at 10 a.m.)

What we ate: Jerk Chicken! I actually learned how to make Jerk Chicken before we went, so I was excited to compare it to the real thing down in Jamaica. Perhaps my favorite thing we ate at the hotel was the jerk chicken they grilled on the beach every day for lunch. It was served with a flavorful sauce, a side of corn and a freshly cut coconut to wash it all down. Aside from that, Moon Palace has the standard all-inclusive offerings. There's a buffet with lots of American favorites and local fare that is open for every meal (we ate here for breakfast every day, as well as a couple dinners). There’s also a steak/seafood restaurant, a fancier Italian place, and a Hibachi spot (think Benihana style, which is always my go-to at all inclusive resorts because it’s consistent). You can also order food anytime of the day at the various bars, poolside/ beachside and even in your room!

Scotchies: While we thoroughly enjoyed the jerk chicken on the beach at Moon Palace, NOTHING compares to the flavors we experienced at Scotchies. The original is located in Montego Bay, but there's one a few miles (about 15 minutes) from Moon Palace. Wanting to experience authentic jerk chicken, we arranged for a private taxi to drive us to Scotchies. I know it might seem a little counter-intuitive to venture away from an all-inclusive hotel to spend more money on food, when you could technically just eat for “free” at the hotel, but it’s important to me to get out and experience the local flavor of town… both in food and in culture. For that reason, we ventured off property almost every day and I highly recommend you do the same if you choose to do an all-inclusive. Scotchies is an open-air restaurant, where they cook a number of different types of meat on a special grill made of both hot coals and green wood (most traditionally from a pimento tree, which produces all-spice berries, an important ingredient in Jamaican cooking). The meat is cooked directly on the wood, absorbing oils and flavors as it slow cooks for a couple hours, with

sheets of aluminum placed on top to help achieve an even char on the butterflied, bone-in chickens. (Sort of like the effect you get when using a hot brick on the grill to help flatten out your chicken.)

From there, the chicken is removed from the grill, chopped up and served with a spicy scotch

bonnet sauce on the side. (Scotch bonnet peppers are similar in heat to a habanero, but more “fruity” if that makes any sense.) We also got a serving of "rice and peas" (rice and beans) and festival bread (which is similar to a hush puppy). I actually enjoyed the pork just as much (or perhaps more) than the chicken... so be sure to get both if you go!

A word of caution... because they are chopping up the pieces with a large butcher knife, there might be small bone fragments in the meat. I learned this the hard way when I chomped down on one, and cracked a back molar! (So... our $20 lunch actually ended up being a $700 lunch by the time I got it fixed back home. That said, it was still worth it!) Miss T's Kitchen: As much as we enjoyed the jerk chicken and pork at Scotchie's, probably our favorite meal of the trip was at Miss T's Kitchen where a hand painted sign inside the open-air restaurant sums up Jamaica perfectly: Tek it Easy. Miss T's is an adorable little restaurant located in the actual town of Ocho Rios. It's best to map it on your phone, but essentially you will walk down a side street off the main drag in town. You will



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most definitely think you have gone down the wrong road, but before you get to the end of the street, you will see the little entrance on the left.

Once inside, you will enjoy a cheerful and colorful little oasis serving up some amazing local dishes and cold drinks. We actually visited Miss T’s twice… once for happy hour and another time for a full meal. We ordered two of the house specialties: Miss T's Curry Goat and the Oxtail. Both are served in individual cast iron dishes with a side of rice & peas and vegetables. Even if you're one of those people who think, "not in a million years would I try goat"... definitely give it a shot. The flavors are insane and the goat is so tender and delicious, you will forget you are eating goat. The oxtail was probably our favorite though… it’s stewed with butter beans, carrots and "spinners" which are little dumplings that melt in your mouth. The menu also features jerk pork and jerk chicken, so if you don't end up venturing up to Scotchies, I'm sure it's great here (albeit more expensive). Whatever you decide to order, definitely


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don’t miss this super local and super delicious Jamaican experience.

Juici Patties: If you want to try some Jamaican fast food, you have to get a "patty." As far as I can tell, it's kind of like a giant empanada or hot pocket stuffed with various fillings. The most common is beef, making it sort of like a hamburger except instead of a bun, there’s a pastry surrounding the seasoned meat. We got ours with cheese, which was like molten lava, so I recommend letting it cool down a bit before biting in. Best part? They only cost a couple of bucks. There are several chains that offer up this local favorite, but according to my Jamaican expert, Alexis, Juici Patties are the best (and the original). There is one on the main drag in Ocho Rios, which was just a short walk from the hotel. Overall, it was a quick but lovely four days to escape the cold winter and most importantly… to “Tek it Easy, Mon.”

Jaymee Sire

Jaymee grew up in North Central Montana and is an Emmy Award winning sports broadcaster, former ESPN SportsCenter anchor, and occasional Food Network contributor. She also writes a food and travel blog called “e is for eat.” (eisforeat.com)


Fisherman’s Stew with Harissa Photography by Charity Burggraaf

This is a great seafood stew to make any time of the year. Serve it with a green salad and warm rustic bread. The harissa gives this stew the perfect amount of heat without overpowering the seafood. Ingredients Makes 6 servings ¼ cup extra-virgin olive oil

From our flagship store located behind Seattle’s Pike Place Market and our new outpost in NW Montana, World Spice Merchants provides superior quality herbs, spices, teas and service to discerning chefs and home cooks worldwide. We go to the ends of the earth to get the freshest spices possible and bring them home to create original blends inspired by regional traditions and international cuisines. Shop our selections online at www.worldspice.com.

Welcome to the World Spice Montana Outpost, now open in Columbia Falls! My calling as a spice merchant started at the ground level in childhoodwith my hands in the dirt, always checking out the twigs and stems. This led to a degree in botany and organic chemistry, followed by several years in the medicinal herb industry. I've always studied the plant kingdom with infinite interest, in both the field and the lab. Then, in 2002, I turned left instead of right on the sidewalk and my nose led me into “the spice shop” on the Seattle waterfront where it was love at first sniff. I began spice hunting in earnest and the kitchen became my new research lab. That was over a decade ago, and now I'm thrilled to bring the heart of the spice business to the Flathead Valley, our family home. As owner of World Spice Merchants, my passion for all things botanical has come full circle and I'm pleased to share this glimpse into our world of spices with you. Visit our showroom for gift sets and pre-packs of seasonal favorites or place your custom order online at www.worldspice.com for pick up at the outpost.


62 Arcadia Way | Columbia Falls MToutpost@worldspice.com

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1 cup finely chopped onion 2 small red bell peppers, seeded and finely chopped 1 tablespoon finely chopped garlic 1 strip thick-cut bacon, cut into 1-inch pieces 2 teaspoons ground harissa 6 medium tomatoes, peeled, seeded, and finely chopped (or fire-roasted diced tomatoes; we recommend muir glen) 1 bay leaf, crumbled 1 large pinch saffron threads, crushed in a mortar and pestle 1 teaspoon kosher salt 1 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper 3 cups fish or chicken broth, or water ½ cup dry white wine 1 tablespoon freshly squeezed lemon juice 16 mussels, scrubbed and debearded 16 small clams, scrubbed 16 large raw shrimp, peeled and deveined, tails intact ½ pound sea scallops, halved 2 tablespoons roughly chopped italian parsley 1 lemon, cut into wedges, for garnish

In a 6- to 8-quart Dutch oven, heat the olive oil over medium-high heat. Add the onion, red pepper, and garlic; cook for 5 minutes, stirring frequently, or until the vegetables are soft but not brown. Stir in the bacon and harissa and cook for 2 minutes. Add the tomatoes, bay leaf, saffron, salt, and pepper and cook until most of the liquid in the pot evaporates and the mixture is thick enough to hold its shape lightly in a spoon. Add the fish broth, wine, and lemon juice and bring to a boil. Stir thoroughly, then add the mussels and clams. Cover the pot tightly and reduce the heat to medium; cook for 10 minutes. Add the shrimp and scallops, cover, and cook 5 minutes longer.

Discard any clams or mussels that do not open. To serve, sprinkle the stew with parsley, taste for seasoning, and ladle into bowls, passing the lemon wedges on the side.

(c)2014 By Amanda Bevill and Julie Kramis Hearne. All rights reserved. Excerpted from World Spice at Home: New Flavors for 75 Favorite Dishes by permission of Sasquatch Books.




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Moist Carrot Cake with Kashmiri Garam Masala Photography by Charity Burggraaf

Sometimes change is good—and in this case the flavor is what’s new. Fans have deemed this the best carrot cake they’ve ever had! Serving a favorite dessert that is known and loved, like carrot cake, with a new twist is the joy of exploring with spice. Kashmiri garam masala lends roasted spice flavors of pepper, cardamom, and clove to this classic preparation, and the coconut oil adds wonderful moisture and a velvety texture.

Ingredients Makes One 9-inch Layer Cake For the cake:

2 cups all-purpose flour 2 teaspoons baking soda 2 teaspoons baking powder 1 teaspoon kosher salt 2 tablespoons ground Kashmiri garam masala 4 large eggs ½ cup granulated sugar ½ cup brown sugar 1½ cups coconut oil, melted 3 cups grated carrots 1½ cups chopped walnuts or pecans, plus more for garnish

For the frosting:

½ cup unsalted butter, at room temperature 8 ounces cream cheese, at room temperature 1 cup confectioners’ sugar, sifted 2 teaspoons pure vanilla extract Preheat the oven to 350 degrees F. Line two 9-inch round cake pans with greased parchment paper. To make the cake, in a large bowl, combine the flour, baking soda, baking powder, salt, and garam masala.

In a large bowl, whisk together the eggs and sugars. Add the melted coconut oil and whisk 1 minute more. Using a spatula, gently fold in the flour mixture. Fold in the carrots and walnuts. Fill the cake pans with equal portions of the batter and bake for 30 minutes, or until the tops of the cakes spring back to a light touch. Cool in the pans on a wire rack for 5 to 10 minutes, then remove the cakes from the pans and allow them to cool completely. To make the frosting, in a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment (or a large bowl with an electric mixer), beat together the butter and cream cheese until smooth. Add the confectioners’ sugar and vanilla and continue mixing until the frosting is thick and smooth. You can adjust the consistency by adding a little milk if it is too stiff, or more sugar if it is too runny.

We recommend a rustic presentation for this cake, so frost only between the layers and on top, leaving the beautiful colors and texture visible on the sides. Garnish with chopped nuts and serve.


*(c)2014 By Amanda Bevill and Julie Kramis Hearne. All rights reserved. Excerpted from World Spice at Home: New Flavors for 75 Favorite Dishes by permission of Sasquatch Books.

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Climate and Cumin By Dr Austine Siomos

Fall is a favorite season for a lot of people. In fact, when Americans were polled in 2013 about this, more people picked fall as their favorite season than any other season! Spring was a close second. There are a lot of reasons I can think of for this fall preference. The outdoors are incredible in the fall in Montana. It is still warm enough to be comfortable outside. The leaves are crunchy, we can pull out our cozy boots and we can plan for the holidays. Montana is so beautiful, and I am reminded of this every day as I walk outside with my kids. Because we treasure this beauty so much I am straying from my usual food focus to discuss a more global topic, literally. This past summer we saw a lot of fires and smoke. There is talk of this being the “new normal” in many states and countries. Meanwhile, flooding and increased storm severity is the new normal in opposite parts of the country and in the world. What is going on? And what can we do? This is all related. Stick with me. The planet’s average surface temperature has risen about 1.62 degrees Fahrenheit since the late 19th century. Most of this warming has occurred in the past 35 years, with the five warmest years on record taking place since 2010. The oceans have absorbed much of this increased heat. The Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets have decreased in mass and the rate of Antarctica ice mass loss has


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tripled in the last decade. Global sea level has risen about 8 inches in the last century, with the fastest rate of rise in the last twenty years.

What is the cause of this warming? Carbon dioxide (CO2) is an important heat-trapping gas that is released through human and other animal activities. It is released by deforestation, burning fossil fuels and human and animal respiration. It is decreased by plants during photosynthesis. Our current level of carbon dioxide is 405ppm (most recently measured in late September of this year). What does this mean? We know the levels of carbon dioxide that have been in the atmosphere for hundreds of thousands of years, because scientists can measure this in ice cores that are dated to a certain time period. The level of carbon dioxide was below 300ppm for over 800,000 years until 1950 when it took a jump upward and has been going up ever since to our current level. Humans have never lived with CO2 levels this high before.

If our current trends continue, sea level will rise 1-4 feet by 2100. The arctic will become ice free. We will have hotter temperatures, more fires and more violent storms. Essentially, climate change is one of the most complex issues facing us today. It involves science, economics, politics and moral & ethical questions. It is a global issue. So how do we combat this? The NASA global climate change group recommends multiple ways that anyone can decrease their contribution to CO2 in the atmosphere and climate change.

What are the most important things we can do in our daily lives to mitigate climate change?

● Continue to plant, harvest and eat local food. Not only will your food taste better, but the transportation and processing of food requires vast amounts of energy. ● Continue to walk and bike as often as possible. Remind yourself not to let your car idle. ● Minimize energy use (and save money in the process) – winterize your home, wash clothes in cold water, unplug devices when not in use. ● Reduce plastic waste by bringing your own shopping bag (many stores give a few cents of credit for this), avoid buying bottled water, bring your own coffee cup, and shop in bulk. Since I write about food, I will focus mostly on the first point, which is leaning toward more plants. Eating plant based does not have to be an all or nothing effort. I encourage families to start with one day (meatless Monday is a popular goal) and get creative. There are endless resources online and in cookbooks for plant based meals. Plants are delicious, full of essential vitamins and minerals, and also provide fiber. Fiber deficiency is the most common deficiency in Americans.


One teaspoon of ground

bake with green sauce

cumin contains 20%

This is a crowd pleaser and is pretty simple. The components can be made ahead of time and then assembled and baked quickly.

of the recommended daily amount of iron

Sauce · 2 cloves garlic · Juice from 1 lime or lemon · 1 bunch cilantro

for adults. This makes

(use the leaves and stems)

it one of the most iron

· ½ cup almond or coconut yogurt (or regular yogurt)

· 1 ripe avocado · 1 tsp cumin · ½ tsp salt · Pepper to taste

dense foods available! When I first started making plant based meals, I found myself much more interested in spices and seasonings. One of my favorite spices from when I first started to now is cumin. This is an incredibly versatile spice. You will find it in taco seasoning, curry and in desserts. It has an earthy, nutty and spicy taste with a warm aroma and hints of lemon. It is ideal for fall!


Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L) is a member of the Apiaceae family that originated in the Mediterranean region, Turkistan and Egypt. Cumin is the second most popular spice in the world after black pepper.

Health benefits of cumin

Promote healthy digestion: The most common traditional use of cumin is for digestion. Studies show that cumin increases the activity of digestive enzymes. It also increases the release of bile from the liver, which helps to digest fat and other nutrients. In one study in 2013 concentrated cumin was given to 57 patients with IBS (irritable bowel syndrome). They reported improvement in all symptoms including abdominal pain, nausea, painful stools and frequency. Naturally control cholesterol: a metaanalysis (a combination of multiple studies) was published in August 2018 and showed a significant reduction in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol after supplementation with cumin when compared with usual treatment. HDL (the good cholesterol) was actually increased in patients after cumin supplementation. Naturally treat and prevent iron deficiency anemia: One teaspoon of ground cumin contains 20% of the recommended daily amount of iron for adults. This makes it one of the most iron dense foods available! This can be especially effective for those that eat mostly plants.

Prevent and treat cancer: In colon cancer, the activity of beta-mycinases and glucuronidase is substantially increased. Studies have shown


that cumin can protect the colon by decreasing mucinase and beta-glucuronidase activity. Cumin has also been shown to inhibit cancer cell growth in the stomach, the tongue, the uterus and the cervix.

Treat diabetes: One of the ways that diabetes harms the body is through advanced glycation end products (AGEs). These are produced in the bloodstream when blood sugar levels are high over long periods of time, as they often are in diabetes. AGEs are created when sugar attaches to proteins and disrupts the normal function of proteins. AGEs are likely responsible for damage to eyes, kidneys, nerves and blood vessels in patients with pre-diabetes or diabetes. Cumin contains several components that reduce AGEs. Prevent infection: Cumin seed oil has been tested in multiple studies for antimicrobial properties. It is especially effective against E.Coli, Staph aureus, Listeria and Klebsiella.

Enchiladas · 1 onion, sliced · 2 tbsp olive oil · Juice from one lime · ½ cup water or broth · 2 cloves garlic, chopped · 2 tsp cumin · 2 tsp smoked paprika · Pepper to taste · salt to taste · One package corn or flour tortillas · 1 cup black beans · 1 20oz can green jackfruit in water or brine (if you cannot find jackfruit, this is delicious without it)

Instructions 1. Make the green

sauce – place all ingredients in a food processor or blender and blend until smooth

2. Slice the onion and caramelize over medium high heat in water until brown

Dr Austine Siomos I am a pediatric cardiologist. I trained first to become a pediatrician and then specialized in the study of pediatric hearts. I see children from before they are born until they are ready to see an adult cardiologist. I am passionate about the health of all children and families. My goal for all children is to promote healthy habits and avoidance of those types of heart disease that are generally considered to be adult problems.

6. Add the black beans to the pan

Assemble the Enchilada bake 1. Using a 9x9 or similar casserole dish, drizzle green sauce over the bottom of the dish

3. Turn the heat down to simmer, add the olive oil, lime juice, water or broth, garlic, cumin, paprika, pepper and salt and cook for another minute

3. Spoon jackfruit filling over tortillas

4. Drain the jackfruit

4. Repeat the above

and pull apart with your hands (this is therapeutic) until it resembles pulled pork

5. Add the jackfruit to the pan and simmer for about 5 minutes

2. Layer tortillas on top of the green sauce

5. Top with remaining tortillas and green sauce


6. Garnish with cilantro and citrus wedges and enjoy with friends!


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201 Central ave. whitefish Montana 59937 - 406.862.3200



Kickin' It


at the village shop


11. 2. 12. 3.




7. 6.


Downtown Whitefish. 406-862-3200 @thevillageshop_mt


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Photo by Carrie Ann Photography



1. Frye ankle boot $358 2. Ivy Lee high heel ankle boot $ 334 3. Frye mule $ 298 4. Bird of Flight slides $ 145 5. Bird of Flight oxfords $160 6. Bird of Flight flats $ 112 7. Bird of Flight Moccasin booties $154 8. Ivy Lee fringe booties $ 385 9. Bird of Flight gold flats $ 143 10. Frye slip on tennis shoe $ 199 11. Acote Leopard Ankle Boot $ 375 12. Ivylee Gold Ankle Boot $ 357


Megan & Ryan June 30, 2018

Photography by Jennifer Mooney Photography

When Megan Clark traveled to a conference in Washington she had no idea that she’d be meeting her future husband, Ryan Mabbott. Ryan had been given the opportunity to teach at the conference on one of his passions, the ancient language of Hebrew. Listening to Ryan teach, Megan was intrigued and asked Ryan for more information. And so their paths intersected. Before the two parted – Ryan returning to Everett, WA and his job at Boeing and Megan back to work at her successful boutique, Bestow Heart and Home, in downtown Kalispell - Ryan slipped Megan his contact information. It’s often been said that long distance relationships never last or are too difficult, but Megan and Ryan chose to say, “Yes” to the challenge. Spokane, WA proved the perfect halfway point to rendezvous and so their adventure began.

With miles of road between them, communication and intentionality became the currency of this longdistance experiment. Shared experiences and hours of beautiful discovery into each other’s lives then made for the Great Summer and Autumn of 2017. From walks along the Spokane river, kayaking, archery lessons, Spokane theatres, Coeur d' Alene roller coasters, Whitefish zip lines, and Seattle indoor skydiving, their love for each other grew with each adventure. The miles between them became a forgotten obstacle of their shared intentions and pursuit of a wonder-filled partnership.


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Now with any good adventure, the best part is how you journey to get there. This journey began months in advance with an intention from Ryan to spend the rest of his life partnering with Megan. After many

love} stories

The miles between them became a forgotten obstacle of their shared intentions and pursuit of a wonder-filled partnership.



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love} stories


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conversations with Megan about their future and with her parent’s blessing, Ryan planned the proposal weekend. Megan was welcomed to her room that weekend by a glorious bouquet of red roses. Then Megan and Ryan soaked in the heavenly sounds of a Lindsey Sterling concert. The next evening the two shared in a scrumptious dinner at one of Spokane’s premiere restaurants, Clinkerdagger, overlooking the Spokane Falls – a place full of memories. And then, as if on cue to set the stage… soft flakes of snow began to fall. And finally, Megan and Ryan began their walk to the theatre for an evening show, the snow dancing all around them. As they walked over the bridge and to the site of their first photo together, Ryan dropped down on one knee. Expressing many words of love and partnership, Ryan asked Megan to marry him. In return, Megan was thrilled to say,


“Yes!” and couldn't imagine sharing her life with anyone else.

Ryan and Megan chose June 30, 2018 as their wedding date, desiring an intimate wedding surrounded by their closest friends and family. Megan envisioned an elegant wedding in a beautiful Montana setting. Soft colors of taupe, champagne and blush were complimented by mixed greenery with hues of sage and candlelight set in eclectic mercury glass vessels. Every element of the ceremony and celebration was filled with deep meaning and significance, honoring God and expressing their commitment to one another. Just as the two embraced adventure during their courtship, they began married life with a mini honeymoon that included white water rafting and sky-diving as they made

their way back to Everett, WA where they make their home. This fall they’ll travel to Europe, honeymooning in Italy.

Megan loves Ryan: I love Ryan’s passionate pursuit of God. He is constantly working on his heart, his character and becoming the best person he can be to love well and be a blessing to those he is around. He sees the value of others and in himself, which allows him to love extravagantly, because he knows the Father has made him to love and be loved. Ryan loves Megan: I love Megan’s

pursuit after a loving God. She doesn’t settle for what she knew in the past, but continues to learn and grow. Her valuable qualities are displayed in her adventure for life and her desire for more experiences with people and with God.


Sabina & Dominic March 31, 2018

Photography by Green Kat Photography

Who are you? Sabina – I was born in a small town on the western border of the Czech Republic, about two miles from the German border. I moved to a big city to attend college and studied Tourism & Hospitality Management. The more I learned about different countries the more I became curious about different cultures, lifestyles and opportunities. After completing my studies in Czech, I decided to travel to Australia to learn to speak English (I can now speak five languages; Czech, German, Russian, English and un poquito Spanish!). I spent all my savings on a one-way ticket to Australia and one semester of English School. Fast forward 10 years to now, I have lived in Czech, Australia, Asia, UK, Spain, Canada, and now the United States! Looking back on it all, don’t ask me how or why I did it, because sometimes I can’t believe it myself! Traveling is my passion and I have learned that it does not matter where you are, but whom you are with. I believe somewhere there is soul mate for everyone, and when you meet him or her, you just know. I feel blessed to have found mine! Dominic – I was born in Salem, Massachusetts, just up the north shore from Boston. After completing college my professional career focused on building large complex infrastructure construction projects which improve the quality of life in the United States and internationally. My career has given me the opportunity to travel, meet new people and experience many different cultures. I enjoy all sports and anything outdoors, and have two great sons.

How did you meet?

Sabina – During my travels and exploring the world, I lived in downtown Vancouver, Canada. One cold rainy day in January 2013 I got in the elevator in the building where I was living at the time. The elevator was coming down; the door opened and there was Dominic. I stepped into the elevator wearing my work out clothes and was heading to the gym in the building. Dom was wearing a bright green rain-shell, shorts and sneakers. He smiled and asked, “Are you coming running with me?” I thought to myself, in the pouring rain, who is this crazy guy, and why is he even talking to me?? My simple answer was, ‘No, I can’t go because my feet will get wet!”


Dominic – I will expand on Sabina’s answer… The elevator meeting occurred on January 22, 2013. It was after work,

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raining and getting dark so I was hurrying to get a run in around Stanley Park. Over the next couple months I saw Sabina a few times and would always say hello. In late March I saw her on a sunny day and asked again if she wanted to go for a run, and this time she said yes, but on roller blades. That was the first of many things we would do together.

The Proposal?

Our five-year relationship is a long story that covers many miles and many countries. In February of this year, after being together for almost five years, after a day of skiing, Dominic built a bon fire alongside the Whitefish River and proposed to Sabina under the stars over a bottle of wine. Sabina said, Yes!!

What is love?

Sabina – Love for me is the craziest full time emotion, which a human being can experience. Love can drive you insane, but at the same time it’s about joy, happiness

and constant support and uplift, when one person is down the other picks them up.

Sharing love, smiles, laughs and tears. Missing the other when you are apart. Love needs constant nurturing so the love is never taken for granted. Love is two people choosing to be a team. Four eyes see more than two, two brains brainstorm more than one, four hands makes more than two and four legs goes further than two. Love is everything for me.

Dominic – Love is the feeling you develop when you find that special person that attracts you and you want to be with all the time. Love is finding someone who is beautiful and laughs at the things you laugh at. Love is finding someone who likes to do the same things. Love is that feeling you share with someone when you know you can always count on each other. Love is that feeling when you finish each other’s thoughts. Love is special and Sabina taught me how to love again.

love} stories

Love for me is the craziest full time emotion, which a human being can experience. Love can drive you insane, but at the same time it’s about joy, happiness and constant support and uplift, when one person is down the other picks them up.



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love} stories

What do you love most about each other? Sabina - I always joke with Dom that he was sent to me as my angel, but just between us, it’s not a joke. He has such a big heart for the people he cares about. My favorite is Dom’s smile, because when he smiles everything is better. When we were getting to know each other we would sit and talk for hours, and still do. He is a very smart man and that attracts me ;). We also share the same warped sense of humor together! Most of all Dom always believes in me even when I don’t believe in myself. We have accomplished so much together… DOM IS MY ANGEL!!! Dominic – That is a hard to answer because I love everything about Sabina! She is beautiful, sexy, smart, supportive, strong, kind, sweet, and she makes me laugh.

When did you know you were in love?

Sabina – After a year in Vancouver, my working visa expired and I decided to go home for the Christmas holiday. My plan was to come back to Vancouver to be with Dom because we had so much fun together and I knew I was starting to fall in love with him. However, after the holidays when I flew back to Vancouver they would not let me stay. It felt like my whole world just crashed in a second when they would not let me pass through Customs, where I knew Dom was just on the other side of the wall waiting with a big sign and flowers “Welcome back Laska.” I had to turn around and fly back to Czech and cried for several days, but we maintained our love and managed to see each other every couple months. Our love survived the long distance relationship for about a year. I learned I love him more than anything. Dominic – I knew we were starting to fall in love when we were living in Vancouver. Then I found myself flying to other countries so we could spend time together. When her studies at Flathead Valley Community College were coming to an end, I realized I could not imagine being without her so I asked her to marry me. Now Sabina works out with me in all types of weather sun, rain, and snow.

Fun Facts:

We married on the 5-year anniversary of our first date (so we only have to remember one date :-D)!

We got married in Glacier National Park – Apgar Village Pier and it was 25 degrees! It was freezing cold and windy but we were HAPPY!!! Our official was Amy Nadeau - Ordained Spiritual Minister and Reiki Master


Our best man was our puppy Leo!

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Silent Serial Queen

Kathlyn Williams By Brian D’Ambrosio

Born: May 31, 1879, Butte, MT Died: September 23, 1960, Hollywood, CA

Kathlyn Williams’ dramatic parts in “The Rosary,” “The Spoilers,” “The Ne’er Do Well,” “The Carpet from Bagdad,” won her the distinction of being one of the foremost character actresses of silent drama. Courtesy Silent Film Association of Hollywood

To be certain, many Montanans have beat a path from way up there in the north to way down there in the warmth of California, making it the trail to cinema success, recognizing that for all the achievements of regional theater, New York and Los Angeles were – or perhaps still are – where the big money and reputations are made: Kathlyn Williams, Gary Cooper, Myrna Loy, Helen Lynch, Lane Chandler, Fritzi Ridgeway, Barbara Luddy, Wallace and Dorothy Coburn, Kay Hammond, Julian Eltinge, Doris Deane Arbuckle—that's only part of the list.

While Gary Cooper and Myrna Loy found unparalleled success during the Golden Age of Hollywood, for every Cooper and Loy, however, there is someone like Kathlyn Williams who was more typical of the type of actors that appeared in movies throughout Hollywood’s history.

Walkerville. It was at the Williams boarding house that the Butte Miners’ union was organized in 1878, and it was there that an election was held for the first postmaster to be appointed in Butte, and where the first and famous Curry band was organized.

As a young lady she was known by her full baptismal name – Kathleen Mabel Williams. She was the daughter of Mrs. J.E. Williams of Centerville, and was born in Butte in 1879. He father was J.E. Williams, one of the first merchants and hotel men in Butte. The family located in Centerville, and it was Mr. Williams who, according to several sources, gave the town the name of Centerville. He first called it Williamsburg but subsequently changed it to Centerville as being more appropriate because of the fact that it was situated about midway between Butte and

She was educated at Montana Wesleyan University at Helena and at the New York School of Dramatic Art. Besides her wonderful ability as an actress and a trainer of wild animals, Williams had a beautiful soprano voice, which was once cultivated for grand opera and with which she frequently entertained her friends and studio associates. Williams’ named is listed in the oration commencement exercises of the Montana Wesleyan University academy department,

It can be said that Kathlyn Williams pioneered Montana into film fame. She is claimed for Butte, the copper metropolis, but her habitat was at Centerville, a well-known suburb that cuddles on a slope of the richest hill on earth at Butte's northern edge.


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According to a 1925 edition of the Los Angeles Times, “In girlhood days, she put on concerts in one of Uncle Dick's theaters and he, characteristically, did all he could to help them along. She had a beautiful voice that attracted attention. Uncle Dick was not surprised at her conquest of fame. He said she took real intellect, remarkable fineness of character, wholesome ambition into the pictures.”

May 28, 1901, and as part of the school’s home oratorical concert, April 14, 1900.

Her biography on the rear side of a tobacco trading card summed up her contemporary charm and appeal.

Kathlyn Williams, a beautiful leading lady for Selig, who never hesitates to risk her life when some daring scene is called for by the scenario, was born in Butte, Montana. Her work for the last six years with the Selig Jungle Zoo animals has made her famous in “The Adventures of Kathlyn,” but her dramatic parts in “The Rosary,” “The Spoilers,” “The Ne’er Do Well,” “The Carpet from Bagdad,” have won her the distinction of being one of the foremost character actresses of silent drama. Some of her success may be attributed to the largesse of Montana Copper King William A. Clark. Born in 1839, Clark began his career as a miner, but his drive and determination rendered him one of the richest men in America and elevated him to the U.S. Senate. Clark shocked the nation by announcing his secret marriage to a working-class

Pioneer film actress Kathlyn Williams was born in Butte in 1879 and educated at Montana Wesleyan University at Helena and at the New York School of Dramatic Art. Courtesy Butte Archives

It can be said that Kathlyn Williams pioneered Montana into film fame. She is claimed for Butte, the copper metropolis, but her habitat was at Centerville, a wellknown suburb that cuddles on a slope of the richest hill on earth at Butte's northern edge.

woman from Butte, Anna LaChapelle, nearly forty years his junior.

Throughout the early years of his relationship with LaChapelle, rumors of Clark’s secret romances with other young women swirled, in part due to his continued sponsorship of aspiring, young female artists. (It was “common knowledge in Butte that Clark had a roving eye for ladies,” according to one of Clark’s biographers.) Among those who benefited from his generosity was Williams, who studied and trained in both opera and acting in New York at Clark’s expense. Clark also provided financial support to Margo Duffet, who became a stage actress in southern California and an early vaudeville performer in the late 1910s. Williams began work in motion pictures as an actress with Biograph in New York. “I was playing in stock,” she related to Photoplay in 1917. “One week when I was not working someone called me up from the Biograph studio and asked if I would work two days for them. I was dreadfully insulted at first,

but I went out of curiosity expecting to be offered about fifty cents a day.” Sensing her star value and potential, director D. W. Griffith paid her ten dollars for each day’s work. Williams, at the height of her fame as leading lady in “Adventures of Kathlyn,” married to Charles F. Eyton, one of Hollywood’s top film executives in the silent film era (it was her second). They were divorced in 1931 and Eyton died in 1941.

Williams earned at least 187 known film credits between 1908 and 1935; the one time queen of silent film serials was found dead on September 23, 1960, in the wheelchair to which she had been confined for 11 years. She was 81. A doctor said she apparently suffered a heart attack. Friends found her body when they called at her apartment near the famed Sunset Strip. Williams had been in a wheelchair since losing her right leg in a 1949 auto crash in Death Valley.



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Going to the Sun Gallery proudly Features bronze artist Rochelle Lombardi and oil painter Jordan Porter.

Rochelle Lombardi is a Whitefish, Montana artist and gallery co-owner. Her love for wildlife and domestic animals inspires her sculpting with clay and these are cast into beautiful bronzes. In addition to sculpting Rochelle is a trained jeweler and gemologist, creating fine custom jewelry.

Jordan Porter is a Whitefish, Montana artist. He finds inspiration in the beauty that Montana holds and lives an active life enjoying the great outdoors. He creates beautiful paintings honoring the incredible state he lives in.

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