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406 contents featured 10. Erica Angelos

business 14. I Want Her Job Angela Santomero



18. Rebecca Farm

22. CoPilot Coffee Taylor Tutvedt



28. Limited Liability Company Investment Property

26. Changed Lives I Never Thought of Saying No!


32. Virtual Healthcare 36. Surgical Services 40. Treating Infertility 42. Pilates Moves for Runners 44. Gonstead Chiropractic 46. Mindful Moment 48. Cannabidiol Oil? 50. Minding Your Own Business

Published by Skirts Publishing six times a year


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704 C East 13th St. #138  Whitefish, MT 59937 CopyrightŠ2019 Skirts Publishing

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The Joy of Music

Erica Angelos Living Her Truth Photos by Kathryn Hayes Media


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Erica Angelos

I acquired Henry right before I moved to Montana and once relocated quickly became consumed with climbing mountains and bathing myself in nature. I came to realize this was time well spent, as nature is my biggest musical influence. One of my favorite original creations is about Grinnell Glacier written with my toes barely touching the water that the glacier sits in. Imagine a 5-year-old girl with golden brown ringlets, a matching neon patterned 90’s tank top and shorts combination with geometric shapes, and the stains of a firecracker popsicle on the front – you know, the red, white, and blue rocket looking ones. While she was waiting for her pap to finish up work, she was out in the lobby walking around the circular pole in the center of the room, running her delicate fingers over the tiny light blue tiles. Channeling her inner Aretha, with a very young girl’s tiny, yet booming voice, she beings to sing “CHAIN, CHAIN, CHAIN, chain of fools. For 5 LONG YEEEEARS I thought you were my man, but I FOUND OUT I’m just a link in your chain…” Unbeknownst to this little dreamer, the custodian was just finishing up his day as well, and he came out of the shadowed hallway dancing to her song. When she stopped abruptly, he said, “I didn’t know you had that in you! Don’t stop because of me,” and they continued singing and dancing together around the lobby.

I was getting dusty on and off the trail, while Henry was getting dusty sitting at home. Long story short, I broke my leg 4 years ago and needed a hobby like yesterday, so I dusted off Henry and we’ve been making music ever since. Immediately, it felt so good and necessary to get my ideas, dreams, and truths out of my body. I used to feel so vulnerable singing my own thoughts and strong emotions to the world but now I feel grateful. It has become such an important part of my life.

When I started performing at businesses throughout the Flathead Valley, it was a slow start, and a little rough for my heart. It was hard to get booked, and I received very little encouragement to play my original music. I was advised by many to play mostly covers, but that’s not what is calling me. I love playing my homemade songs, singing my truths, in hopes of connecting with another’s soul. I love to create energy and sing it into the world. Regardless of people actively hanging on my words, ultimately, I want people to enjoy the ambience created by my music and the place where I’m playing. I want people to feel better leaving than when they came in. In an essence, music has become what I do to help impart positivity in the world.

That little girl was me, is me, and that moment in time is the first cognizant memory I have of someone telling me that I could sing. I’m sure it didn’t sound as good as I imagined, but I loved to sing that song, “Bad to the Bone” being a close second. I have always felt such a strong pull to music, more so to singing, though at first never really connected to an instrument. Eventually I decided to get a guitar. A scruffy beauty that I fondly call Henry, well-loved with a scratched-up face from its former owner’s aggressive playing technique.


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Erica Angelos

Every time I perform with YYAS, it’s a celebration of living, of being a part of the community, and of being able to perform with my bandmates. These guys are talented, hilarious, supportive, and have devoted the better part of their lives to the joy of music. They are an inspiration for me to be better in ways that encompass and transcend music. I firmly believe that the energy anyone puts out is transferred to others, so it’s important to put out good stuff. My songs are intended to inspire people to cherish nature and be mindful of our impact, to be caring humans, to choose happiness above all else, and to persist despite heartache. My words are the footprint I want to leave. I’ve been asked many times, “what’s your song writing process like?” There really is no set way. Sometimes the chords come first, sometimes the vocal melody, and sometimes the idea and the words come first. Whichever way, I match the tones of my guitar to the feeling of the words, or vice versa.

Personally, lyrics are the most challenging part of songwriting. It’s magic when they pour out in a matter of minutes, though typically many drafts are created before they are finished. I must make sure that I’m describing the feeling, idea, or story accurately. Then creatively enough by using literary tricks such as alliteration and metaphors, making sure the lyrics fit in the phrase of music working around distinct verse and chorus melodies. The real trick is being sure that I’m saying what I mean, what I really want to say.


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My songs are my truth, and if I find a string of words to be honest and powerful, chances are that other people do too. When the music, vocal melody, and lyrics are all together, the songs translate to emotion; into a force that make us feel more together, more like one. My strongest desire in writing music is to make my songs universal, because I want to connect everyone in the room through what they are hearing.

being able to perform with my bandmates. These guys are talented, hilarious, supportive, and have devoted the better part of their lives to the joy of music. They are an inspiration for me to be better in ways that encompass and transcend music.

My band YYAS is always a positive experience! We fill the house with top-40 and dance pop songs from a wide range of well-known artists, and I’m so proud of our sound and energy. It’s awesome to let out my sass, to powerfully sing the audiences’ favorite songs, and to dance, interact and have fun with the people in the room.

I’m going up this road now, where one of my favorite things to do has become my profession. It is so magical how once you plant yourself into something fully the roots will spread and grow. In the last year, I’ve been growing my musical career into something much bigger, and it keeps expanding. I truly am grateful for the opportunity to help make this community and world better, one note at a time.

Recently I have been working with other musicians on my original material, with the intention to record an album in full band format. It will be folkrock meets soul, danceable, catchy, and a catalyst for happiness when people listen to it.

All the members of YYAS are part of a fresh endeavor that I helped put together, a supergroup comprised of various members from local bands. We perform a tribute show of “Stop Making Sense”, the legendary and timeless concert by the Talking Heads. It was something I wanted to do for ten years, and one day I woke up and thought “what’s stopping me?”. Six months later, we sold out the Northern, and had an awesome time doing it.

Every time I perform with YYAS, it’s a celebration of living, of being a part of the community, and of

To check out Erica’s music go to: UCnZYmAG20Ur5X09RGpZqsYQ


I Want Her Job

Angela Santomero Co-Creator, Blue’s Clues and Author, Radical Kindness By Brianne Perleberg This article originally appeared on


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I still feel like an 'imposter' – even after creating eight shows. Every new idea I have, every new show or script I write, I bite my fingernails waiting for feedback on it.

Angela Santomero wanted to be a teacher. Then she had a thought: “Wouldn’t it be awesome to use the influential nature of media to educate kids?” And, off she embarked on a journey into creating children’s media. She forever left her mark on children’s TV with the launch of the iconic Nickelodeon animated show Blue’s Clues, where she was co-creator, executive producer and head writer. She then continued to light up the minds of kids everywhere with her hit TV show, Daniel Tiger’s Neighborhood on PBS Kids. Angela is a Peabody award-winner and 25-time Emmy nominee. She’s also Chief Creative Officer of 9 Story media group. Now she’s out to leave a different kind of print on the world with her new book out this month, “Radical Kindness: The Life-Changing Power of Giving and Receiving.” It’s based on her approach to living a healthier, more peaceful life.

“Kindness is at the foundation of every show I write. It’s how I approach my life, and it’s a world I want to live in,” Angela says. Kindness is an unsung hero and an invisible superpower. It’s backed in science and research. It lowers stress levels and therefore helps cardiac health.”

Read on to hear Angela talk about the benefits of radical kindness, her honesty about feeling she has imposter syndrome and the inspiration for her hit TV shows. Then pick up a copy of her book to see why Deepak Chopra says (in the foreword), “Radical kindness is an important antidote to the poisonous times we are living in, and we can’t look to others to remedy things for us. Radical kindness begins with you. Realizing this has enough energy to revolutionize the way you live. Let Angela’s book help you to see how.”

What is your approach to creativity?

Creative first, and if there is a debate, then kids win. We know kids; we know what they love and what they need, and then we play. Creativity is play at its best!


What is a day in the life of Angela like? How do you divide your time?

When kindness is at the root of all we do, we can make radical change.

What lesson do you hope a reader walks away with after finishing your book?

This is such a hard question! When I write and create, I need to dedicate at least a whole day, sans meetings. It’s how I can recharge and think bigger about things.

I hope readers and viewers of my PBS Pledge Show, The Power of Radical Kindness (check local listings) adopt radical kindness as a practice and incorporate it into their everyday lives. Just a little bit can go a long way. Think about how a tiny tack can take down a whole car. On the positive side, a tiny bit of kindness can change you and the world for the better.

Meetings are great for collaboration, but I believe in a creative-vision-first approach when it comes to content. So, the writing and big-picture thinking needs time to percolate before and after discussions. I also like to be home for dinner and spend time with the family. My girls are already 18 and 15; time seems so fleeting!

As a mom of two, what tips do you have for fellow working moms?

How did you develop/cocreate Blue’s Clues? What inspired you to develop a show so imaginary and exciting for children?

Blue’s Clues was a game show! It was an “experiment” to see if we could have kids learn by interacting with our characters. That’s why we ask kids at home so many questions — they are a main character in our show. Our goal was to create characters that kids will LOVE and to teach everything a preschooler needs to learn before they get to kindergarten.

Then, after Blue’s Clues, how did you come up with the idea for Daniel Tiger’s Neighborhood?

I was the hugest Mister Rogers fan, so I was honored and thrilled (and terrified!) to promote Fred’s legacy and create a new show. I got to know Fred because we both studied child development and we both got into media to make it better. Daniel Tiger’s Neighborhood is exactly how I played the show as a preschooler — all of the friends from the Neighborhood of Make-Believe grew up and had preschoolers of their own. Of course, a preschool Daniel Tiger had to be the star! He was Fred’s first puppet and my favorite!

Angela Santomero

What gave you the idea to do a different kind of writing, this time with your just-released book, “Radical Kindness”?

If we look at the world with kindness, we find the good in people and the world. We can also listen better, collaborate more and have better relationships. We can also focus on passion and intrinsic motivation vs. perfection and anxiety. I believe we need to shout about kindness from the rooftops and all pivot toward kindness if we want to see the change we want to make.

How would you describe the “radical kindness” concept?

It’s seeing with your heart vs. simply seeing with our eyes. It’s leading with compassion, empathy, and love vs. hate, anger and scare tactics. It’s finding a peaceful resolution where people are heard and accepted for who they are and what they bring to the world. It’s being vulnerable and real and always learning vs. searching for perfection.

Ask for help! It’s actually also a tenet of Radical Kindness. Asking for help doesn’t show weakness, it is imperative to our self-care. We can’t do it all. It’s a myth! I ask for help from other parents, my husband, my kids and outside help, as needed.

What is something about the work you do that might surprise us?

I still feel like an “imposter” – even after creating eight shows. Every new idea I have, every new show or script I write, I bite my fingernails waiting for feedback on it.

What is an area of your business that is particularly exciting at the moment?

I love finding new writers, new voices and new stories that need to be told. I am also inspired by the truly interactive nature that media is taking that is innovative and breakthrough. I also love being part of the international market with our company. As Chief Creative Officer of 9 Story media group, I’m quite proud of the work we do, every day.

What advice do you have for others who want to work in children’s TV?

Find your passion, do the work, get into media, do any job and scope it out. Be there, observe, understand kids and understand the media landscape.


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Angela Santomero

What is something you want to learn more about?

Everything! I always have a pile of books I am reading.

Any other parting advice?

Be creative, innovative and lead. Don’t follow. I’m so proud that in a world where everything in media is getting a reboot, I’m part of an original show that is now re-booted with Blue’s Clues. Being a follower is never as much fun and doesn’t yield as many rewards!

Brianne B. Perleberg

Brianne B. Perleberg, a born-and-raised Montanan, is the founder of I Want Her Job, an award-winning website featuring curated career conversations with women changing the future of business. She also is a marketing director at NASCAR track Phoenix Raceway. You can follow her on Twitter @iwantherjob and read more interviews like this on


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Paying it forward at

Rebecca Farm Kalispell horse farm famous for world-class event has surprising charitable side. By Mackenzie Reiss

In mid-March the sprawling, the 600 acre Rebecca Farm is blanketed in white, hiding the multitude of arenas beneath layers of snow. A dozen horses wander idly under the comfort of blankets, and only the occasional figure is sighted walking between the barns and buildings. This dormant condition is a far cry from the farm’s summertime state when it transforms into a kind of equine village, boasting stables in place of neighborhoods, a tented trade fair in lieu of shopping malls and a world-class cross-country course instead of a park. Over The Event’s four-day span some 700 riders compete for top honors in the sport of eventing, which combines three equestrian disciplines of show jumping, dressage, and the awe-inducing cross-country. In addition to the competitive field, the farm hosts more than 10,000 spectators each July. It’s a destination event for the eventing community and a major tourism draw for the Flathead Valley. But putting on North America’s largest equine triathlon is just one piece of what Rebecca Farm has to offer. The team and family behind the farm have a broader, yet perhaps lesser known mission in mind: to give back. In fact, The Event at Rebecca Farm was founded as a means to help grow the sport. The competition was the brainchild of the late Rebecca “Becky” Broussard who wanted to provide more opportunities for West Coast riders to compete at the top levels. “That was my mom’s dream — to provide a world-class competition west of the Mississippi. She saw that there were many riders in the western states that had great potential to be wearing pink coats — aka representing this country in a foreign championship — but they didn’t have the opportunities,” said Sarah Broussard, organizer of The Event. “The opportunities were all on the East Coast. West Coast riders basically had to relocate … and my mom thought that was not cool.” The Event now hosts riders as high as CCI4*, just one step down from the very peak of the sport. “Part of the mission is to increase awareness of the sport in northwest Montana. Eventing has been in the Flathead Valley for 30 years — it went on at Herron Park for many years before it moved here,” Broussard said. “With the promotion of The Event at Rebecca Farm, I think a lot of people are learning that.”


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“Part of the mission is to increase awareness of the sport in northwest Montana. Eventing has been in the Flathead Valley for 30 years — it went on at Herron Park for many years before it moved here,” Broussard said. “With the promotion of The Event at Rebecca Farm, I think a lot of people are learning that.”


In the early 2000s, the nonprofit arm of the farm, Montana Equestrian Events, was founded to help achieve their goals of raising awareness for eventing locally, growing the sport by funding other regional events and providing opportunities for riders to compete, learn and grow. “If they get the instruction they need, they can make the break to the next level,” Broussard said. If they don’t, they’re just going to sit there for the rest of their career.” But making that jump isn’t easy. Between training, travel, competitions, and clinics, eventing can be a costly sport. And for some competitors on the brink of lev-

eling up, additional training or high-level competition experience can make all the difference. That’s where the Farm’s individual rider grants come in, helping athletes travel to The Event, train nationally, or to learn from the masters in Europe. Eventer Frankie Thieriot Stutes, 32, of California, received the $50,000 Rebecca Broussard International Developing Rider Grant in 2018. The business owner and mom of two said the funding from Rebecca Farm will help her on her journey to CCI5* — the highest level the sport offers and one star up from the Olympic level. “It costs between $50,000-60,000 a year to complete at the very top level of our sport. Especially as somebody who doesn’t make a living riding horses full-time, that’s a daunting amount of money,” Stutes said. “It can be limiting in what you’re able to do training-wise and preparation-wise because you have to save your money for big competitions.” The $50,000 “Big Becky” grant will be enough to send Stutes to Europe later this year. “It’s making things in my training possible that I didn’t even dare think about before,” she said. “A huge part of this grant, as well, is how the Broussards lead by example. A part of what I want to do with it, too, is be able to contribute to the eventing community and give back as they do.”

Rebecca Farm

In addition to supporting individual riders, the farm’s charitable side has taken the form of funding other eventing competitions in the region and hosting numerous clinics and horse shows throughout the year. But the farm “is not just horses,” Broussard said, with a smile. Montana Equestrian Events also funds the Halt Cancer at X Initiative, which Broussard founded in 2012 after losing her mother to breast cancer in 2010. The organization has raised $500,000 since its inception which has been distributed to local cancer support organizations along with cutting-edge national research programs. The farm has also served as the home for a bevy of community events ranging from high-school crosscountry meets to symphony concerts to a suicide awareness walk — and for the last two years, skijoring.

“We sincerely appreciate the support that the community has given us over the years. We help the community and the community helps us. Everybody wins,” Broussard said. We, Rebecca Farm, want to provide something that is needed, something that is wanted and something that’s enjoyed.”


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CoPilot Coffee

Taylor Tutvedt A funny thing happened on the way to Taylor Tutvedt’s photography career. The espresso shop that she was working for came up for sale last August, and after a lot of soul-searching and remembrance of the encouragement she always received from her grandfather, she submitted her best bid to buy it, purely on a wing & a prayer. She honestly never thought, even in her wildest dreams, that she would win over the larger kiosk coffee companies who had also put in bids. The planets seemed to line up, however, and she suddenly found herself the bona fide owner of her own coffee shop at the tender age of twenty-six. Taylor and her loyal crew spent the next couple of months doing a little branding, remodeling and revamping. A lot of thought went into the design of the company and Taylor’s attention to detail is very evident in the overall aesthetic


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By Mary Wallace Photos by Taylor Brooke Photography

of the shop. They are grateful to have had Fieldheads Coffee Company’s continued support with onsite training and frequent visits during their opening weeks. Copilot Coffee officially opened in mid-October in the former Montana Coffee Pot location - much to the delight of teachers & staff at the new Jeannette Rankin School. Nearby businesses, the sheriff & police departments, and the Kalispell City Airport crews and visitors were equally pleased. The coffee shop quickly became popular for their freshly made breakfast burritos and signature coffee specialties. Taylor, a 4th generation Flathead Valley resident, grew up on the family farm with her older sister and younger brother. She graduated from Glacier High School and enrolled in the pre-nursing program at FVCC, only to determine that the medical field was not her passion. She briefly moved to Portland and then returned to Montana to attend Rocky Mountain School of Photography in Missoula. After graduating, Taylor headed back to the Flathead to launch her photography

business. During the early ‘starving artist’ days, she took on some side jobs including a photography stint at 406 WOMAN, shooting editorial and commercial projects, as well as a caretaking position at Lighthouse Christian Home in Somers (by night), and a barista (by day) at the former Montana Coffee Pot. Her passion for coffee seemed to be trending as a common thread. The team at Copilot Coffee has made it their ‘goal’ to remember each customer’s standard order by their third visit. Taylor admits that it is true that local coffee servers are a bit like ‘daytime bartenders’ - who get to commiserate with their customers about their daily life challenges but also celebrate their triumphs. She loves the idea that, as baristas, they’re waking up the world. Often times they’re the first interaction a customer has starting their daily routine, so it’s always been important to make it a great one, as it can set the tone for their whole day. It was a proud moment when Echo Lake Café chose them as a part of their “Random Acts of Kind-

“We put our heart and soul into everything we do, so to see the smiles on people’s faces makes it all worth it. It’s the little things that matter most, like seeing a kiddos eyes light up when they’re handed a hot chocolate with airplane sprinkles on it.” profile}

CoPilot Coffee

ness” program, by funding drinks throughout the upcoming months for a number of customers that could use a little extra joy in their day. The concept behind this is to inspire people in our valley to put more good in this world and spread a little happiness by paying it forward. They have been told that their coffee shop offers the best in coffee and breakfast burritos; along with a small town feel and excellent customer service.

They utilize fresh local ingredients and support local suppliers whenever possible. They offer an assortment of coffee creations such as lattes, Americanos, chai teas, Red Bull infusions, and white coffee. Along with their breakfast burritos, they offer up homemade Philly Rolls, served with a chipotle aioli sauce. Taylor wanted to offer menu options that you don’t often see in this type of setting. Everything is freshly made, in-house, and served hot. They also cater to their younger crowd, offering a kid’s snack pack. Sensitive to those who may have food allergies, they offer gluten and dairy free options from Red Poppy Bakery, and flavors from 5 Sparrows, as well as an assortment of alternative milks.

Taylor and her crew have big plans for their little shop. Once the weather breaks, they are looking forward to extended hours, and to creating an inviting outdoor seating area in the corner of their lot for customers to enjoy in the summer. Nearby local sporting events will benefit from special offers for Lakers Baseball fans and the Legends Stadium Friday Night Lights specials during football season. Taylor says surrounding businesses have been incredibly supportive. “We put our heart and soul into everything we do, so to see the smiles on people’s faces makes it all worth it. It’s the little things that matter most, like seeing a kiddos eyes light up when they’re handed a hot chocolate with airplane sprinkles on it.” Copilot Coffee is in the process of working alongside Berube Physical Therapy to create a small networking group for southside businesses. Community is everything for small businesses, so creating a space to help one another is one of Copilot’s main goals. When not consumed by her passion for ‘all things coffee,’ Taylor enjoys nearly any activity that takes her outdoors, and she is looking

forward to a Bob Marshall Wilderness trip this summer. Her bucket list includes traveling far and wide, camera in hand of course. But for now, coffee is her passion and life is good for Taylor and her fur-baby, Radlee.

Copilot Coffee is located at 1745 Airport Road in Kalispell, and they are open 6 am to 4 pm on weekdays and 8 am to 2 pm on Saturdays (closed on Sundays). Find them on Facebook and Instagram to learn about daily specials and events.


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Changed lives I Never Thought of Saying No! By Mary Wallace

An immediate, “Yes,” Changes a Young Adult’s Life Forever Tricia Collins, Regional Director for Child Bridge in Missoula, walked into a Starbucks on a crisp fall morning to meet with a woman in the process of adopting. As she looked around, it appeared the woman must be late, because there wasn’t anyone waiting who would fit the profile of an adoptive mom waiting to meet with her. Then, a young college student cautiously walked up and asked, “Tricia? I’m Rebecca. It’s really nice to meet you.” “In my mind,” recalls Tricia, “this college student standing in front of me could not possibly be thinking of adopting. Yet, as we sat down together and she shared with me the invitation before her to welcome in her nephew as her son, I sensed she had a special calling on her life. No, she couldn’t fathom the journey ahead of her, but she reminded me of Mary in the book of Luke who also responded to an invitation in faith with, “Here am I…let it be to me as you have said.” _____________ “I never thought of saying, no.” Along with classes at the University of Montana and working part-time at a pharmacy, Rebecca is now two-and-a-half years into the process of adopting her nephew, Michael. Poor life choices


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and incarceration had led to the state terminating the parental rights of her sister’s baby boy. As Rebecca’s family discussed what their next steps could be, she knew in her heart that she was to become Michael’s mom.

her church community encouraged her to reach out to Child Bridge for support as she walked through the adoption process, she was hesitant to take that step.

“I wanted Michael to know his family. I wanted him to grow up to have a conf idence that he is loved and chosen. I wanted him to be able to ask questions and have a sense of identity that could come from me being able to answer his questions as best I could. My parents are older, and my father had just remarried. My mother is a wonderful grandma and support to me. So, with that support, I began the process of adopting him.” In the beginning, Rebecca leaned on her family and faith community to help her in the process of caring for Michael. Fiercely driven and independent, she was really cautious and reserved about accepting help or advice from people she didn’t know. Even though several members of

Then, something within her knew it was time to attend a Child Bridge support group of foster and adoptive mom’s in Missoula. After meeting with Tricia Collins that day in Starbucks, Rebecca felt comfortable visiting “just once” to see


“I wanted Michael to know his family. I wanted him to grow up to have a confidence that he is loved and chosen.

These women all walked where I was walking and uniquely knew how to encourage me and help meet the needs I didn’t even know how to express.” what it was all about. As it turned out, “just once” became regular life-line for Rebecca as she navigated the adoption process and being a young mom of a child that experienced some trauma. “The f irst night I went to a Child Bridge Resource Group, I received an overwhelming amount of support. Foster moms offered help with anything I needed, from diapers to respite care. These women all walked where I was walking and uniquely knew how to encourage me and help meet the needs I didn’t even know how to express.” “Michael had experienced some trauma as a little baby. Now, attending several support groups and a conference for foster mom’s called ‘Deeply Loved,’ Child Bridge has given me the knowledge and tools to be able to identify future behaviors and help Michael through them. Even when I’m struggling with not being his birth mom, I know I will be able to lean on a group of caring women to help me handle my struggles and doubts.” Rebecca has so many dreams for Michael. She wants him to know his biological parents and extended family and find the balance between them and the family she will one day have. She

wants to be able to answer his questions and hope that he will “follow the right path - as any parent does.” “Because I am in his life, I am most grateful that Michael will have an opportunity to know God. He will be in a home where faith is present and active. I’m hoping he will also embrace that faith. There is lots of love all around in our family! He will have a sense of belonging. My sister, who was adopted and never knew her birth parents, didn’t fully embrace that she belonged - so I’m very grateful I know our heritage and can provide that for Michael.” Even though Rebecca’s path is an uncommon one for a single college student, she hopes that many other people awaken to the great need in our state for people to care for the young victims of abuse and neglect in the foster care system and go through the licensing process. “Child Bridge is there to help you every step of the way. We are really big on independence in society right now. But in this situation, you really need to recognize your need for support and be able to ask for it. You need the people who are going to

gather around you and help you in any way they can. My faith in people has grown through the Child Bridge Resource Group. They are so giving. I didn’t realize there are people like that in the world. To seek out help like that will be a huge weight off your shoulders.” Rebecca is eagerly awaiting the final steps for Michael’s adoption. She says that in her mind it’s so hard to not think he is hers by blood. She will always treat Michael as her blood, and he will never feel that difference. “Families look different all around us. When the moment came to take the action of keeping my nephew in the family and become his Mom, I didn’t hesitate…it was a big YES!” Would you be willing to change the life of a child with your, “Yes?” Child Bridge recruits and equips families for children in Montana’s foster care system. If you’re interested in becoming a foster or adoptive family, would like more information on the foster/ adoptive mom retreat ‘Deeply Loved,’ or would like Child Bridge to speak to your organization or church, contact us at


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The Benefits of Utilizing A Limited Liability Company for Investment Property


By Kelly O’Brien, Attorney at Law

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When Leslie and Bill first visited Western Montana, they fell in love with the area. While they still maintained a residence out of state, they decided to purchase a condominium in Whitefish. They intended to retire in Whitefish eventually, but in the meantime, they wanted to use the condo as a rental and utilize it as an investment to provide an additional income stream. The couple also hoped that their children would be able to share and enjoy the Montana property in the future. After they purchase the condominium, they were not sure what to do next. They knew they would need to find renters and put a rental agreement in place. However, they were not sure how to go about it. A close friend of Leslie and Bill had also recommended that they hold the property in a separate entity, but they were not sure what type of entity would be best and how it would impact their taxes and insurance. Ultimately, Leslie and Bill, through the advice of their attorney and CPA, decided to set up a Limited Liability Company (LLC) for their

Montana property. They opened a separate account in the name and tax identification number of the LLC and then obtained insurance in the name of the LLC. Their attorney also assisted them in drafting an operating agreement for the LLC, which set out how ownership could be transferred. The entire process was quite simple, and they felt like they had a lot of flexibility in the overall structure of their LLC. When they entered into a lease agreement with their new tenants, they felt comfortable knowing they had a structure that reduced their overall personal liability.

LLC Advantages

Members of an LLC enjoy limited personal liability with increased flexibility in tax treatment and management. An LLC can be a great tool for protecting personal liability, tax planning, transferring interests in and establishing guidelines for the use and maintenance of a vacation property, second home, commercial property or other investment property. Members of an LLC have limited liability protection like a corporation but reduced administration and additional flexibility in management like a partnership. In structuring the LLC, it is critical that you speak with your CPA or tax planner about the

legal} tax implications of transferring real property. There are tax and financial implications for transferring and titling investment real estate at different times and through different mechanisms. Everyone has a unique financial and tax situation, and real property transfers are particularly susceptible to pitfalls. This is especially true in situations where the property has increased in value, or there is a mortgage against the property. Nonetheless, an LLC can be an excellent tool for an investment property.

Limited Liability Protection

Individual members of an LLC are not personally liable for the LLC’s debts or liabilities of the LLC. The LLC owns the real property, so the LLC is responsible for debts, liability or claims. This means that if an accident occurs on the property and the injured party decides to file a lawsuit, that injured party can only recover from assets of the LLC, which is limited to the property it owns. This protects other personal assets such as a residence or financial investments from recovery against such claims. If you own or are considering purchasing real property for investment purposes, it is essential that you obtain a comprehensive liability policy for the property. However, there are limits to the coverage and exclusions on that coverage, so it is also important to hold title to investment property in a separate entity such as an LLC to protect your personal liability and personal assets beyond the limits and exclusions of your insurance.

Ease of Transferring Ownership

By establishing an LLC for investment property, you can transfer partial interests in the property during your lifetime. This is accomplished through gifts or sales of membership interests (like shares of stock) in the LLC to another individual, such as a child. If the value of the ownership interests transferred is less than the current annual federal gift-tax exclusion limit (currently $15,000 per individual per year in 2019), no gift tax or gift tax return is required. Accordingly, an LLC provides overall estate and tax planning advantages. An LLC can also provide a mechanism to maintain a certain amount of control over your investment property while still passing on a minority interest for children or other key family members. Again, make sure that you work closely with your financial and tax advisors when gifting or selling minority interests in your LLC.

Tax Benefits

LLCs also have increased flexibility in tax treatment. The LLC can elect to be taxed as a corporation, partnership, or a “disregarded entity” (meaning the LLC pays taxes through the owner’s individual tax return) by filing specific tax election forms with the IRS. If the LLC does not make a separate tax election, a domestic LLC with at least two members is classified as a partnership for federal income tax purposes. The recent tax reforms enacted through the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act generally simplified how pass-

through entities are taxed. Now virtually all passthrough entities, such as LLCs, qualify for a twenty percent (20%) tax deduction. In addition, many of the expenses associated with investment property are deductible. Accordingly, owning investment property in an LLC can provide significant overall tax benefits.

The Importance of an Operating Agreement

To effectively manage the company and protect personal assets, an LLC should have a wellstructured operating agreement between the individual members of the LLC. The operating agreement should set how additional members may join the business or withdraw from the business, and what happens to an owner’s interest in the event of their untimely death, bankruptcy or other life event. A well-planned LLC operating agreement will encourage your family members to share in the management and take responsibility for the use and maintenance of the property. The LLC operating agreement should address the allocation and payment of taxes, maintenance, and other expense associated with owning and improving the property over time, as well as how to decide on maintenance and improvement costs. The operating agreement should also adequately discuss how the property can be used, by when and by whom, and how and when members can transfer or sell their membership interests. Similarly, the operating agreement should set out what to do in the event one member does not pay his or her contribution towards expenses or fails to follow the guidelines for the use of the property.

Seek Professional Advice

Leslie and Bill decided that an LLC was the best choice for their situation and they were pleased with the outcome. They felt the balance between limited personal liability, ease of administration and management flexibility would provide significant benefits for them. However, every business owner should carefully consider the various business entity structures prior to starting a business and seek professional advice. Discuss your goals and considerations with your family members and advisors to determine if an LLC makes sense for your situation and what specific techniques to utilize in the structure of the LLC for investment property. Work closely with your CPA, attorney, and financial and tax advisors to form the LLC and create an overall plan to addresses your family plans, financial and tax issues, and then and draft the necessary documentation for your investment property LLC. If you have specific questions about Limited Liability Companies, entity formation, real estate, business planning, lease agreements or any of the techniques discussed in this article contact Kelly O’Brien at Measure Law, P.C. at (406) 752-6373/


This article is intended for educational and information purposes only, it is not intended to act as legal advice.

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Virtual Healthcare

Blazing the Trail to the Future of Medicine By Wallace Grafton

Telehealth is changing the way patients access health care and KRH Care Anywhere (, is only one of the many ways telehealth is now available at Kalispell Regional Medical Center (KRMC).

Telehealth is a way to provide medical services over a secure, encrypted, HIPAA compliant, audio/visual connection on the web. According to KRMC’s telehealth coordinator, Nichole Perisho, RN, BSN, women are leading the effort to provide this new platform access point for health care. “Today’s women are busy!” says Perisho. “They are also smart, strong, and passionate about their family’s health and they simply ‘get it.’ Women today are looking for quality and convenient health care and it has largely been women who tend to multi-task and think outside the box, not only at KRMC, but worldwide, blazing the trail into this virtual health field.” Perisho, a busy woman herself, resides in Whitefish with her husband Dave, and their two children Blake and Lillian and she has been involved from KRMC’s first step into the future with the telehealth program. Her background in both communications and nursing uniquely qualifies her to serve as KRMC’s telehealth coordinator. “I’ve always been passionate about helping people and finding solutions to problems; this role is perfect for me, especially in Montana, a state that is more frontier than urban or rural.”


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Allowing residents to have access to health care in communities that might not even have a phone line, is a right all people should have. Recently, Perisho spoke with a Health Policy Advisor out of Washington, DC, on the barriers for telehealth, from a state perspective. She would like Washington to recognize the geographical barriers that exist, especially in a state the size of Montana, that can fit all of New England and then some in its state lines, and adjust federal policy to reflect those challenges in policy development reducing the barriers to telemedicine. Perisho earned her bachelor of arts in communications from the University of Wisconsin. Possibly because she grew up in a family of physicians and nurses, she later obtained her bachelor of science in nursing at the University of Colorado and spent six years as a critical care charge nurse and as KRMC’s stroke coordinator before the opportunity came up to create the hospital’s telehealth programs. It quickly became clear this technology could be both lifesaving and life changing for rural stroke patients who do not live near a large hospital. “Telehealth improves access to care for patients and families living in rural areas,” says Perisho. “It prevents them from having to take off work and kids out of school to travel 100s of miles over dangerous roads to see their doctor. It also keeps physicians off the road.”

Though not helping patients and families at the bedside any longer, what brings Perisho joy these days is helping a patient receive specialty services from a specialty provider not located in their local community that has a significant impact on their health or lifestyle. Or providing the local emergency department (ER) provider support when a woman who is 36 weeks pregnant and hasn’t had any prenatal care walk in and deliver a baby that is in distress,



connecting them to KRMC’s neonatologists. Just this past winter, telemedicine was used when that situation occurred, however, A.L.E.R.T. was not able to fly to transport the baby, so with the guidance of Neonatologist Kristin Veneman, DO, the local ER doctor was able to resuscitate the baby and keep the baby safe until the weather cleared and a transfer could be arranged to an NICU. KRMC serves as a hub for eleven outlying hospitals in Libby, Ronan, Plains, Whitefish, Glasgow, Lewistown, Havre, Cut Bank, Conrad, Shelby and Chester, along with their own emergency department.

Virtual Health Programs available throughout KRMC: TeleStroke -

Because KRMC is certified as a primary stroke center, and because administering a clot-busting drug (commonly called alteplase or tPA) within the first 3-4 hours after a stroke is key, telestroke allows neurologists to be at the virtual bedside of patients in rural hospitals without waiting for an ambulance ride or an A.L.E.R.T. flight to a larger hospital. KRMC neurologists support the program by being “on-call” for Critical Access Hospitals (CAH) throughout Montana. The medical staff perform a CT scan and other diagnostic tests, and then obtain an immediate consult with a KRMC neurologist to determine the best course of action – either to administer treatment, Alteplaser send the patient to the closest Stroke center. It was amazing to see the RP Lite system in action in a simulated stroke consult with Perisho and Neurologist Melanie Klawiter, MD, in the ER at KRMC. Dr. Klawiter could control the RP Lite from her remote location and speak with both the patient and the onsite medical professional at the same time. KRMC’s telehealth program, in addition to the emergent telestroke & KRH Care Anywhere, now includes emergency neonatal care and pediatric intensivist care to remote sites that have the equipment. KRMC also offers rural communities the opportunity to connect with their providers or specialists, with over the telehealth platform in the following ways:

Scheduled Specialty Care –

Physicians can conduct follow-up visits with patients via the telehealth system for such as adult and pediatric gastro, endocrinology, adult and pediatric neurology, sleep studies, and adult & pediatric neurosurgery. It is perfect for remote patients who can be seen online after their initial in-person visit and testing.

NicView –

Telehealth allows parents and family members of newborns requiring NICU placement the ability to login and ‘visit’ their child. United

States Senator Steve Daines recently praised this program for newborns born with issues related to parental addictions and opioid use.

Pediatric Behavioral Health –

This program primarily allows a therapist to offer a session for a patient over secure, encrypted video call platforms, and is mostly utilized for youth in remote areas who need therapy services. They can attend a session without having to travel to obtain it.

Patient Education & Counseling –

Diabetic education and support program along with Nutrition counseling with registered dieticians.

Physician to Physician Consultations and Collaboration –

Allows a doctor or nurse practitioner in a remote area to consult with a specialist to discuss treatment options or to help decide whether a critical patient can be treated at their current location or needs to be transferred to a large hospital or treatment center. Telehealth also allows connection with specialists and colleagues in other Health Care Organizations across the country. Perisho, who recently returned from a national telehealth conference in New Orleans, says that KRMC’s system is equal in the technology, ease of use, and implemented related programs as any urban leading-edge hospital. “2014 was key in the local program,” adds Perisho, “as it was the year that KRMC received a series of United States Department of Agriculture Distance and Learning Telemedicine grants that allowed them to obtain additional InTouch Health RP Lite ‘robots.’” In 2018, KRMC had more than 2,600 telehealth patient visits. Perisho represents KRMC by serving on the executive committee for the Montana Telehealth Alliance which is a primary resource for the innovation, advocacy, and awareness of telemedicine in the State of Montana. She also serves as one of two board members from the State of Montana on the Northwest Regional Telehealth Resource Center (NRTRC) — which besides Montana, includes Idaho, Alaska, Utah, Washington, Oregon, and Wyoming. These organizations allow for the essential networking and collaboration needed to lead to further advances and improvements in this new technology.

“It is so rewarding and exciting to be a part of this emerging virtual health field,” says Perisho, adding that she is eagerly looking forward to the future virtual health expansion for primary care, specialty providers and acute care in critical areas.

“Telehealth improves access to care for patients and families living in rural areas,” says Perisho. “It prevents them from having to take off work and kids out of school to travel 100s of miles over dangerous roads to see their doctor. It also keeps physicians off the road.”

KRH Care Anywhere is perfect for patients who need non-emergency immediate care – like a virtual ‘walk-in’ clinic online. There are about fifty non-life-threatening illnesses or injuries, such as rashes, pink eye, stuffy nose, UTIs, allergies, and many more. Patients can be put in direct contact with a care provider within 5-15 minutes via a secure, encrypted Skype, Facetime, or video chat connection, and consult with a medical professional to diagnose and prescribe treatment. For a flat fee, the patient can have a virtual visit with a provider and (if indicated) have a prescription called in without ever having to leave home. A typical KRH Care Anywhere visit typically last about 20 minutes and is available 24 hours per day. These virtual clinics are staffed by medical professionals licensed to practice in the State of Montana. To save time when dealing with a sick patient, KRH Care Anywhere users are strongly encouraged to pre-register by downloading the app to their cell phone or personal computer and setting up their Care Anywhere account information at their leisure, prior to a medical incident.


The app is available for IOS & Android, or explore the platform online at

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Surgical Services at North Valley Hospital By Allison Linville

Surgical Services at North Valley Hospital (NVH) is one of the hospital facility’s flagship services, as a leader in advanced robotic surgery in Montana. In calendar year 2018, the hospital performed 2,498 surgical procedures, which included 906 orthopedic procedures. In addition to orthopedic procedures such as joint replacement, knee, hip, hand and shoulder surgeries, ACL reconstruction, and fracture care, the surgical services unit also performs procedures in the specialties of general surgery, ENT, urology, gynecology, dental, and plastics. The affiliation with Kalispell Regional Healthcare has proven beneficial to patients and the surgical services team, providing education opportunities and bringing managers together to share ideas and best practices, which makes it especially helpful to be part a healthcare system. Across the system, surgical services are focused on quality, patient safety, and successful outcomes. Rob Romanelly, Director of Surgical Services at NVH says, “At North Valley Hospital, we can meet the needs of our community, and look at areas of growth in the program. This is a matter of having good surgeons and staff and advanced technology – and that’s something that I appreciate about NVH – the support is there so that we can take the steps we need to take to build an advanced program.” Romanelly also notes that patients appreciate the atmosphere of North Valley Hospital, and often elect to have surgery at the hospital for the calm environment. He says, “The facility itself – the Planetree culture, which makes you feel like you’re at home, helps patients to feel comfortable, which really assists in the healing process.”


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Surgical Services Team Shares Knowledge Statewide

Recently, two NVH surgical professionals, Jonni Pekus and Tyler Butts, Robotics Clinical Coordinator and Robotics Coordinator respectfully, led the effort to increase clinical efficiency in robotic surgeries at North Valley Hospital. Pekus and Butts worked with surgeons and the robotics staff team to streamline the set-up of procedures and room turnover, which improves the patient experience and stewardship of hospital resources. Pekus and Butts now travel throughout Montana sharing their expertise and research with other surgical teams in hospitals around the state.

Expanding the Reach of NVH Surgical Services

Last fall, Ryan Gunlikson, MD, expanded his practice to Eureka, an extension he has done before and is happy to be doing again. “We’re providing consultations, time for questions and pre- or sometimes post-operative visits,” he says. “It also allows face to face time for me with patients and also the providers in Eureka, which

is extremely valuable for comprehensive patient care coordination between the primary care provider and the surgeon.” Currently, Dr. Gunlikson is in Eureka for a half day a month, and is looking at increasing that amount of time if there is a community need. Dr. Gunlikson has been at North Valley Hospital for 20 years this August, and he is a well-known area surgeon who appreciates connecting with his patients and his staff.

Patient Care at North Valley Hospital

The surgical services team – a team of highly qualified surgeons and staff – are committed to making the patient experience at North Valley Hospital a positive one. Romanelly explains that the surgical services team has really hit a stride in the last year, investing in continued education and training, and establishing streamlined surgery logistics. “Our team is solid and able to provide even better care, as we are comfortable working together and we are able to reduce surgery times and improve patient experience. We’re proud to offer advanced surgical services here at North Valley Hospital.”


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Understanding & Treating Infertility By Alisha Pinkerton, PA-C

Infertility is a problem that many couples struggle with each year. When dealing with infertility it is helpful to understand the basics of the menstrual cycle, available testing and treatment options. According to, 85% of couples will conceive within the first 12 months of attempting pregnancy, however the other 10-15% of couples will struggle with infertility. Fertility is the capacity to conceive and produce offspring. Infertility is the inability to conceive after 12 months of regular unprotected intercourse, however, if a woman is older than 35 years of age, infertility is considered after 6 months of trying to conceive without success. Therefore, your age and amount of time having unprotected intercourse without success determines when a diagnostic evaluation is indicated. Other factors may warrant a diagnostic evaluation sooner than 6-12 months regardless of age, such as but not limited to: irregular menses, damaged or blocked fallopian tubes, stage III-IV endometriosis, a family history of early menopause, history of certain cancer treatments and male subfertility.


If you are having difficulty conceiving or are concerned about your fertility, you should talk 40 406

with your healthcare provider about the plan that is best for you. At the initial visit your healthcare provider will review your history and perform a physical exam. Once this is completed, the appropriate testing will be ordered. Testing should be done in a focused and cost-effective way and should take the couple’s preferences, the duration of infertility, the woman’s age and specific factors revealed through the medical history and physical examination into account. Basic infertility testing available includes: ovarian reserve testing, hysterosalpingogram, saline infusion sonogram, and semen analysis. Other tests may be done to rule out thyroid disorders and high prolactin levels. Androgen levels may be checked in women who have increased hair growth (hirsutism) and/or irregular menses. Ovarian reserve testing is used to help the healthcare provider predict whether the patient can produce an egg or eggs of good quality. This testing may include blood tests, transvaginal ultrasonography or both. A hysterosalpingogram, HSG for short, is a test used to check if the fallopian tubes are open and to assess the shape of the endometrial cavity (the inside part of the uterus). A saline infusion sonogram can also be used to assess the inside part of the uterus. Surgical procedures such as hysteroscopy and laparoscopy may also be warranted.

Once testing is completed, a follow up visit should be scheduled with your healthcare provider to discuss results and treatment options. There are many treatment options available, such as: medications to help women ovulate and assisted reproductive technology (ART). Medications used to induce ovulation may be given to women with irregular menses or no menses at all. Ovulatory dysfunction frequently occurs in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), obesity, hyperprolactinemia (increased levels of the hormone prolactin), thyroid disease, eating disorders, extreme exercise and/or weight loss, among other things.

Fertility medications used to induce ovulation are not only used in women with irregular or no menses, they are also used in women without ovulatory dysfunction. In these women, the goal is to produce more than one follicle per menstrual cycle, in turn causing the woman to release more than one egg at a time. This is referred to as controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) or superovulation.


If you are having difficulty conceiving or are concerned about your fertility, you should talk with your healthcare provider about the plan that is best for you. At the initial visit your healthcare provider will review your history and perform a physical exam. Once this is completed, the appropriate testing will be ordered. Medications used for ovulation induction can be taken orally or by injection and can be combined with timed intercourse, intrauterine insemination (IUI) or In-vitro fertilization (IVF). Timed intercourse is the process of timing intercourse appropriately with ovulation. IUI is also timed with ovulation. The IUI process consists of sperm collection from the man prior to the procedure, followed by washing of the sperm with a special solution in the laboratory. The IUI is then completed by passing a small catheter through the cervix and injecting sperm into the inside part of the uterus (endometrial cavity). IVF is the process of surgically removing a woman’s egg(s) from the ovary and combining the egg(s) with the man’s sperm in a laboratory dish. The desired result is formation of an embryo or embryos. If the egg is fertilized and an embryo has formed the embryo will then be transferred into the woman’s uterus. If multiple embryos are formed, more than one embryo may be transferred simultaneously, however, this would be decided by you and your healthcare provider. Remaining embryos may be frozen and used at a later time. One advantage of IVF compared to other treatments, is your

healthcare provider can limit the number of embryos transferred, thus reducing the possibility of multiples. The most common medications used for ovulation induction include clomiphene citrate (CC), aromatase inhibitors (i.e. Letrozole), and gonadotropins. The gonadotropins include FSH, LH, hMG (human menopausal gonadotropin), and hCG (chorionic gonadotropin). Depending on the underlying diagnosis, other medications may be used for treatment, such as medications to help with high prolactin levels (hyperprolactinemia) and high insulin levels (hyperinsulinemia). Gonadotropins are injectable medications commonly used with IUI and IVF. These medications are used to cause multiple follicles to develop at the same time. Each follicle has the potential to contain a good egg. Many women are concerned this type of treatment will diminish her overall egg supply quicker than with a natural cycle; however, this is not the case. This type of treatment rescues eggs that would have otherwise died off naturally. Fertility medications,

like all medications, have potential risks and complications, such as a multiple pregnancy. These risks and complications should be discussed with your healthcare provider, prior to initiating treatment. In summary, if you are having difficulty conceiving or are concerned about your fertility, talk with your healthcare provider to discuss the plan that is best for you. “If you would like more information on this topic please refer to:,, and” Alisha joined Kalispell OB/GYN in June of 2015, relocating to the Flathead Valley from Ford City, Pennsylvania. She received her undergraduate degree from the University of Pittsburgh and her Master of Physician Assistant Studies from Chatham College, both in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. For eight years prior to joining Kalispell OB/GYN, she practiced as a Certified Physician Assistant at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center in the Center for Fertility and Reproductive Endocrinology.

Equipment-Free Pilates Moves for Runners By Delia Buckmaster, PMA®-CPT Photos by Amanda Wilson Photography

Do you run indoors all winter and when you finally hit dry pavement, find yourself sore or injured? There are many reasons why running outdoors is harder. You expend more energy for one, and you activate more muscle when running outside because you don’t have to run in a total linear pattern. If you’re only running inside, certain muscles could become weak and de-conditioned, which can set you up for injury when running outdoors. If you’re the type of runner who’s always looking for great ways to increase the longevity of your run, increase speed, improve form, and in general make it all just a bit easier, you need to cross-train. Yep, it might be the key to achieving all of the above. This can be as simple as adding a few Pilates exercises to your running routine. Pilates is known for targeting the deep core muscles that support the spine and strengthen the commonly neglected muscles in runners such as glutes and inner thighs. As a result, you build greater core strength and control, which leads to improved posture and more efficient running form. Along with strength and flexibility, mind-body exercise help you learn to breathe deeply and effectively.

Try these Pilates move to help you go the distance, whatever that might be. 1. Criss Cross

Why this move: Increases torso stability; improves your running gait by challenging control and mobility of the legs via the abs and hips.

2. Teaser Prep

How to do it: Interlace fingers behind the head pressing the weight of your head into your hands. Rotate the upper body keeping the hip stable The legs are strong and active and the feet line up throughout the exercise. The goal is to increase rotation of the spine not to reach the elbow to the knee. Repeat 10 times on each side.

How to do it: Start lying on your back with your arms extended overhead, legs together in table top. Lead with the arms, then head and shoulders to rise up and balance on your sits bones. Grab the sides of the leg if its too challenging for your lower back and hips. Slowly reverse the movement to return to your start position. Repeat 5–10 times


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Why this move: Improves ab and hips strength. Balance and inner thigh strength for more power and stability.

3. Thigh Stretch

Why this move: Stretches the thighs for mobility and flexibility, strengthens the glutes and challenges your abs and back to work as a team. How to do it: Kneel with your abs fired, and arms by your side. Stay tall and keep a straight line from the knee to the crown of the head. Lean back in one straight line to stretch the front of the legs and engage the back of the legs reaching your arms in front of you for counter balance. The hamstrings, glutes, and abs are engaged as you hinge. Return back to start position with control. Stop the exercise if you feel pain at the lower part of your knee or lower back. Repeat five times.

4. Side Kicks

5. Runners Lunge

How to do it: Start by lying down on one side. Reach the bottom arm overhead to support the neck Line your body up with the back of your mat. Lift the top leg keeping your leg in parallel to work the outer and inner thigh equally. Imagine a mouse house under your waist keep from collapsing your lower back and hip. Repeat five times on each side.

How to do it: Come to a lunge with your forward leg bent at 90 degrees and back leg extended behind you with your knee on the ground. Pause at the deepest level of the stretch and hold for a moment. Make sure the hips are square and avoid over extension of the lower back. Place the hand below the knee and reach the opposite arm to the sky to challenge your balance. Add a hamstring stretch by extending the knee. Repeat 10 times on each side.

Why this move: Strengthens the obliques and back muscles for better posture and spine stability, while increasing mobility of the inner thigh.

Why this move: Improve posture while stretching the lower body muscles for greater range of motion and flexibility.


Perspective Change: How Gonstead Chiropractic Can Help By Dr. C. Claude Basler, DC, Basler Family Chiropractic

It’s never too early to make wise choices. All of the cells, tissues, organs, bones, & etcetera are built, coordinated, and controlled via the most important system in the human body; the central nervous system (CNS). As Chiropractors, we are the only doctors on the planet who are highly trained and skilled to detect and adjust vertebral subluxations (misalignments within the spinal column) to enable your body to function in an ideal state. You live your life through your CNS; every human experience you encounter is processed and coordinated through your CNS. Your body cannot be healthy and strong if you do not maintain proper spinal health. Supporting your body from the ground up begins with maintaining the health of your CNS.


Gonstead Chiropractic is a systematic, thorough analysis of the entire spinal column and we

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pride ourselves on specificity. If you do not have specificity, then you have nothing. We understand that each spine we encounter is drastically different from the next, which means that each adjustment needs to specialized towards you. Everyone does NOT get the same adjustment. In Gonstead chiropractic, we seek the cause of dysfunction within the CNS through the use of x-ray analysis and neurological assessments to deliver a specific adjustment. You are unique; therefore, your adjustment must be specific.

We specifically utilize the Gonstead system of Chiropractic to perform specific, accurate, and scientific Chiropractic adjustments which enable the body's CNS to restore and adapt properly. Gonstead procedures are the result of extensive clinical research by Clarence S. Gonstead, founder of the world famous Gonstead Clinic of Chiropractic in Mount Horeb, Wisconsin, and his associates. Doctor Gonstead's fifty-five years of continuous practice and over four million chiropractic adjustments resulted in the most complete method of bio-mechanical analysis available for use by today's doctors of chiropractic.

Our responsibility is to assess and detect dysfunction within the CNS. In doing this, our job is not just to get patients to “feel good,� it is our duty to get them well. To be truly healthy it is vital that your nerve system functions free of interference. There are five components to assess when studying the spinal column using the Gonstead system of Chiropractic. 1.Visualization- this is a way to cross reference all other findings. When a nerve becomes irritated, the cellular tissues that the nerve controls also becomes irritated. 2. Instrumentation- uneven distributions of heat along the spine can be indicative of nerve pressure; this is always cross-referenced with x-ray analysis. 3. Static palpation- we look for the presence of swelling (edema), and any abnormal texture or tightness in the muscles and other tissues of your back. 4. Motion palpation- vertebral subluxations inhibit proper motion due to the body not being properly connected. 5. X-ray analysis- this helps evaluate the structure, joint and disc integrity, vertebral misalignments, and rules out of any pathological findings. It allows us to be as specific as possible and eliminate all guessing when it comes to patient care.


Our responsibility is to assess and detect dysfunction within the CNS. In doing this, our job is not just to get patients to “feel good,” it is our duty to get them well. To be truly healthy it is vital that your nerve system functions free of interference. There is a vast difference between getting patients to “feel good” and getting them well. Feeling good is the easy part. Think of it this way; pain is the last symptom when a problem exists (unless a major accident, injury or trauma is induced). A subluxation places undue stress upon a spinal nerve creating dis-ease. Our bodies are innately designed to protect us and initiate a fight or flight response impairing the effects of what we are supposed to "feel." Subluxations exist for years without any pain due to the body’s response to protect and continue an ideal functional state. If you have ever heard of the final straw that breaks the camel’s back, this is it. To further comprehend this, you have to understand this as a process. The first 4-6 weeks of specific adjustments do not change the muscles integrity that supports the spinal column. All the changes that are occurring are in the neurons (nerve cells) to create positive neuroplasticity changes. A bombardment of neurons flood the brain post adjustment, particularly to one area called the cerebellum which is your motor (muscle) learning functioning center. Every modification changes how the cerebellum communicates to establish proper muscle memory within the spinal column. When a subluxation is initially adjusted for the first time, the body will release a cascade of positive “feel good” neurotransmitters. It does not mean you are well. Pain messages that indicate dysfunction

within the body are the last to show up and will be the first to diminish. Our responsibility is not just to get you to feel good; it's to get you well and to stay that way without dysfunction within the CNS. Your body has to go through a process in order to repair itself correctly and fully. There are three general phases of chiropractic care: relief care, corrective/restorative care, and wellness care. Chiropractic releases your body's innate healing ability and your body does the rest.

Dr. Claude Basler, DC is a Chiropractor and Dad of three. His office, Basler Family Chiropractic, is located in downtown Kalispell. His mission first and foremost at Basler Family Chiropractic is to serve God and the people He created through specific Gonstead Chiropractic care. Dr. Basler wants the Flathead Community to be the healthiest place to live and is committed to seeing the next generation of children being raised healthier than the past. He raises the value of health in our community and it is his passion and commitment in his office to serve you and the next generation to come.


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Mindful Moment

Can you hear the birds?

Why I choose to live off the grid By Mollie Busby

When I was a kid, my mom told me I’d scream if I were left in a sandbox. I’d cry if I stained a new outfit. I absolutely couldn’t stand being dirty. To this day, every time I stain a new outfit (which is literally anytime I put something new on my body), I still have this fleeting moment of disappointment. Flash forward to spending summers at summer camp. At camp, being dirty was the name of the game. Intermittent showers... playing outside 90% of the time... running around in the mud, dirt, sand, you name it. Dirt-phobia didn’t stand a chance, and I loved it. I felt like myself — more focused on my alignment with the earth, than being attached to material "things." I was practicing the yogic principle of nonattachment before I even knew what a "down dog" was! Then after my junior year in college, I stopped spending summers in Northern Wisconsin, and I didn’t spend a ton of time getting dirty. In fact, I was the Style Editor of a women’s magazine,


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so my job was the exact opposite of getting dirty. I shopped a lot. Spent all my spare money on clothes. I was indoors most of my days. Unbeknownst to me, that weird, unexplainable childhood phobia set back in. I was attached to all my things — and I clung to them, and I incessantly aimed to keep free of animals, dirt, and messes. At one point, my closet bar literally collapsed under the weight of all my stuff. Enter: Off-grid living.

People ask me all the time why I choose to live off-grid (defined as without access to city sewer/water and off the electrical grid). Why would someone who owns three yoga studios, works part-time for a nonprofit, and splits her time between Montana, Alaska, and Wisconsin, and needs all the time she can get, live in a way that takes… more time? Excellent question. (And yes, there are days when I ask myself that, too!)

Sure, it's hard work. Chopping wood. Waking up to 40-degree (or colder!) mornings when the fire in the wood stove goes out. Struggling to start a fire because the pipes aren't drafting. Hauling 7-gallon water jugs in a sled up a steep hill. Riding a snowmachine or 4-wheeler miles from where I park my car... in the rain, snow, ice, mud or shine. But truly, the benefits outweigh the challenges by a long shot. When I’m on the grid, I’m less aware of my consumption, less aware of my surroundings, and to be honest? Less likely to go outside as often. This is why I love living off-grid because it helps me feel like myself. I regularly appreciate the wind. The birds. The moon cycles. The snow and rain. My days — and power source — are governed by the sun, and my survival is dependent on my own will, instinct and desire. I get that feeling I got at summer camp, year-round! And if all those good vibes require some extra time? I’m willing to pay the price if it means I can feel the earth under my feet and see the stars overhead.


mindful moment


Practical Tips for Clearing out Clutter, big and small If you’re feeling stuck in a rut and attached to your material things, I’ve been there, too! Here are a few “Soul Vitamins” I use when I need a pick-me-up, especially while traveling, or away from home:

1. Mental Overload Clutter: I step outside wherever I am and listen for birds, or some form of nature (a river running, an owl hooting, or even the leaves fluttering in the wind). Even if there’s traffic nearby or other man-made sounds, tune into nature like a radio frequency, as you tune out all the other sounds. Breathe in and out in that space as long as you need. 2. Relationship Clutter: If I’m struggling with a person in my life, and my attachment to how things “should” be (and my frustration with how they are in this moment), I close my eyes, breathe deeply and repeat the mantra “I am her/ him, she/he is me. We are one.” From this

space of unity consciousness, it’s hard to hold onto the frustration for very long! 3. Emotional Clutter: I put a drop of Peppermint Essential Oil in one hand, and a drop of Wild Orange Essential Oil in my other hand, rub my hands together, and cup them in front of my nose and mouth I commit fully to breath: I close my eyes, and count to 5 as I inhale, drawing breath down to my belly. I exhale to the same count of 5. The oils smell divine, and the breathing boosts my mood instantly! 4. Material Clutter: I do as Marie Kondo would do! Google her name, watch her show. Especially if she annoys you, then it’s a surefire sign you need to employ her method with your own things, making sure that you only surround yourself with things that bring you joy! I always feel better afterward cleaning up and clearing out. 5. Next-Level Clutter: Go Big, Minimalists Style! The Minimalists are a pair of guys from Missoula who packed up all their things into boxes, and then for 1 month, only unpacked exactly what they needed for daily life. After a month, they donated everything that was still in boxes. It’s a drastic measure, but sometimes life calls for the big guns!


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What’s All the fuss About

Cannabidiol w

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(CBD) Oil?

By Wallace Grafton

CBD, or cannabidiol, is the non-psychoactive component of cannabis that has generated quite a buzz lately for its potential medicinal benefits. It comes from the hemp plant, which is a part of the cannabis family and rich in CBD. In 2014, high-grade CBD hemp oil was legalized (providing it contains less than 0.3% THC- which is the psychoactive component of the cannabis plant). This past December, the FDA removed industrial hemp from the controlled substances list, making it legal to produce and sell in all states in the U.S. Since then, the market has become flooded with hemp-derived CBD products, many promoting cures for all kinds of conditions - including anxiety, pain, inflammation and even cancer. While there is some validity to these claims, more research is being done, and the hemp-derived CBD industry is relatively unregulated. Most CBD products being marketed today are only meant for topical use. The only

CBD product that the FDA has approved for human oral use is Epidiolex, which is prescribed for the treatment of seizures associated with two rare, severe forms of epilepsy. However, it should also be noted that the FDA has announced plans to facilitate further research on CBD’s effects on humans and on the conditions and diseases it might treat. In the meantime, the FDA is restricting the marketing of any other CBD product as either a dietary supplement or food additive, so most are sold as over-the-counter tinctures, creams, and salves. How does CBD oil work? Humans have an endocannabinoid system functioning in each of our organs and tissues to keep us healthy. CBD indirectly impacts the body’s endocannabinoid system and its receptors to

According to The National Institute of Health, CBD’s effect on the endocannabinoid system suggests that it may be useful in treating a multitude of medical conditions. produce a variety of positive outcomes, such as relieving pain and inflammation. According to The National Institute of Health, CBD’s effect on the endocannabinoid system suggests that it may be useful in treating a multitude of medical conditions. With so many CBD products being marketed today, it is important to note that not all CBD products are the same. CBD oil comes in different degrees of strength and quality, and where the hemp was grown, if it was grown organically, and how the oil was extracted all play a part in the

quality of the finished product. The soil, climate, and even the crop growing on adjacent properties can also affect the quality of the final product. Since hemp plants readily absorb contaminants from the soil and the air, the conditions where the plants are grown can affect the toxicity of the extracted oil. The best quality CBD oil is organically grown and extracted from the whole plant (seeds, stem, and stalk), creating a full spectrum CDB oil. Full spectrum CBD is considered far superior to a CBD isolate, which is made from the stock of the hemp plant only and has had the fatty acids, terpenes, and other cannabinoids removed. Reputable CBD producers also have their products thirdparty tested for the percentage of CBD, terpenes, and other phytocannabinoids, as well as any pesticides, heavy metals, or contaminants they may contain. Many dispensaries will go even further and make their Certificate of Verification readily available to their customers.

So how does one take or use CBD oil products? Topical cannabidiol products, such as creams, sprays, roll-ons, and oils are becoming popular and are readily available. It helps to find a knowledgeable provider who can make recommendations on how and when to use them, based on the patient’s own symptoms and needs. There is already considerable research that shows that CBD oil is a potential game changer, since it can be very effective, but produces no high. CBD oil is quickly gaining recognition as a natural alternative for treating the pain from injuries,

certain illnesses, and medical conditions, but it is not cheap. There are several local dispensaries and providers in the valley and around the state to choose from, but for those who wish to try CBD products, it makes sense to work with a recommended provider who knows where and how the hemp was grown, how the CBD oil was extracted, and the most effective way to use it. Don’t be afraid to ask questions and choose a provider who meets the criteria outlined here for best results.


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The Perils of Minding Your Own Business At a recent family reunion in Arizona, we were gathered around my Sister’s husband as he was filling us in on all the crazy things he witnesses as an Emergency Room Physician. He had pulled up a slide show depicting the wide variety of medical emergencies and characters he gets to assist in his profession. I stayed out of sight but within earshot as I can’t stomach seeing most injuries. However, if they are teeth and mouth-related, I’m perfectly fine. During his impromptu presentation, he asked if we knew what the most dangerous activity was. We all made our best guesses: riding motorcycles, dealing drugs, rodeo, contact sports, doing drugs, etc. He told us we were all wrong. The most dangerous activity one can participate in, according to my ER doctor brother-in-law, is to “mind your own business.” We were a little confused by this, so he went on to explain further. He said that when he first meets someone experiencing a medical


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by Dr. John F. Miller DDS - SMILE MONTANA emergency, he asks them to fill him in as to what occurred (if they are conscious). He said that quite frequently he hears some version of the following, “You see Doc, I was just minding my own business when...” I thought that was pretty funny and probably pretty accurate as well. I have also been told the same thing from time to time helping patients during their dental emergencies. So if you don’t learn anything else from this article, remember that minding your own business does not come without risk. Now, whether we are minding our own business or not, we can usually attribute certain unfavorable situations to one or more questionable, if not poor, decisions. I would imagine that in most of these instances, the decisions are made fast without enough thought behind them. I have written in the past about injuring my knee multiple times, and I can easily identify the poor decisions that led to my most recent injury. I also see a lot of patients who can attribute their traumatic dental accidents

to questionable choices they made shortly preceding their injury. It is intriguing to look back on some of our snap decisions and think about the consequences. Some of these consequences are short-lived and life returns to the way it was before the decision. Some consequences are educational and, while momentarily difficult, result in a future filled with improved decision-making, ultimately resulting in a net positive outcome. Some consequences just plain suck and life will never return to the way it was prior to the poor decision. Take my knee, for instance, my knee will never feel as strong as it should due to my decision to try a backflip on my wakeboard with 10 extra years and 20 extra pounds along for the ride. But even more dramatic is the consequence of losing a tooth because Baby, it’s gone. Fortunately for you and me, the techniques and technology available today for tooth replacement are what keeps me most excited about practicing dentistry.

Before I proceed, let’s lay a little groundwork. Dentistry is expensive. I get it. Our mission at Smile Montana is to remove barriers people face when needing high-quality dentistry. The cost of dentistry is one of these barriers. health} Before I proceed, let’s lay a little groundwork. Dentistry is expensive. I get it. Our mission at Smile Montana is to remove barriers people face when needing high-quality dentistry. The cost of dentistry is one of these barriers. We have lowered this barrier by partnering with your insurance carriers, by providing the Smile Montana Plan for our uninsured patients, and by keeping our prices reasonable. Would I like to charge less? Of course, but our prices reflect our overhead and maintenance costs required to provide the highest quality dentistry, with the best products with cutting edge technology, all with an amazing team. I can assure you that if you find it cheaper elsewhere, compromises are being made along the production line. Alright, now that we have that out of the way let’s talk about money and bone. I have mentioned in the past that as long as you have enough of those two things, you have the ability to replace teeth easily and predictably with dental implants. Money makes it easy for the patient and lots of healthy bone makes it easy for your dentist. It should make sense that my younger patients have the surplus of healthy bone and my older patients seem to have the financial means to afford an implant procedure. Sometimes the stars align and we get a good combination of the two, and we are able to restore a fully functioning tooth to our patient. This is very fun and satisfying for both the doctor and the patient. Can we still place implants in less-than-ideal bone? Absolutely, but the resulting tooth might not be able to achieve ideal contouring of the tooth and the gum tissue surrounding it. When you lose teeth, your jaw will gradually atrophy and change shape...slowly collapsing in on itself. This process can be greatly reduced by placing a graft at the time of loss. This procedure is called ridge augmentation and will allow the healing of a robust implant site. If too much time passes the site could eliminate itself from implant candidacy. As I’ve aged, I’ve come to really understand the line: “Youth is wasted on the young.” I have no shortage of great young patients that would love implant therapy to replace missing teeth and restore precious function back into their lives. But they are young and have financial priorities that supersede the desire and need for implants. They are early in their careers and paying off student loans. Perhaps they are raising a family and/or caring for a parent. Whatever it is we want them to know that we think they also deserve great dentistry and will work with them to achieve a healthy functioning smile. Spring is here folks. Let’s come out of hibernation and get together with the people that make us smile. Be an awesome friend and neighbor. Avoid gossip and negativity, life’s too short for that. Meet somebody new and make new friends. Support small businesses, especially those just starting out. You’re in Montana after all, don’t waste it.


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Come Discover Southside Consignment II The Place to Bring your friends and family!

Best place to shop for antiques!

2699 hwy 93 south, kalispell 406.756.8526 - Create your own individuality

SouthsideConsignment & antiques

Celebrating 27 Fabulous years!

Over 6,000 Square Feet of recycled Decor & Fine Collectibles

treasures mixing old with new!

Let us consign your treasures - Let the gals help you with decorating ideas

406 contents design 16. Get Your Garden Ready 18. Tablescaping Picture Perfect in Pink! 26. Outdoor Living

travel 30. Disney’s Epcot World


36. Brittanie & Shawn


42. Brandon & Karen

food & flavor 46. Grilled Cheese Sandwiches 50. Has Spring Finally Sprung? 54. Mustard, May and Mental Health

Education 56. Overboard!


58. Glacier Symphony


60. The Legend of Bigfoot


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62. Short Nights of the Shadow Catcher Timothy Egan

406 w o m a n

Cover Girl


Cindy Gerrity

business manager Daley McDaniel

executive editor Mary Wallace

creative & social media director Amanda Wilson


Katie Craig

Kalispell. She Lakeside Elementary prior to finding her true calling, being a Mom! She is a full-time Mom to four beautiful children Jack (7), PJ (5), Luke (2) and Emily (1). She has a hands on approach to raising her children, which often leaves them covered in mud and slime! Katie and her husband Jeff love living in Kalispell close to their family, friends and all the outdoor activities they love. was born and raised in


Sara Joy Pinnell

taught first grade for several years at

P h o t o b y A m an d a W i l s o n P h o t o g r aph y ( www . a ma n d awi l s o nph o t o s . c o m )

Business Girl


Daley McDaniel Photography Alisia Dawn Photography Kelly Kirksey Photography Carrie Ann Photography Kathryn Hayes Media Green Kat Photography Jennifer Mooney Photography

Published by Skirts Publishing six times a year 704 C East 13th St. #138  Whitefish, MT 59937 CopyrightŠ2019 Skirts Publishing

View current and past issues of 406 Woman at

w w w . 4 0 6 W o m a n . c o m

Erica Anglelos

Local singer and songwriter, Erica Angelos, shares how the beauty and nature that define Montana have become her most significant musical influence, and how she managed to make one of her favorite things to do become her profession.

Photo by Kathryn Hayes (I n s t ag r a m : @ k a t h r y n h a y e s m e d i a //

Want to know about great events, open houses, and more? Like us on Facebook at Woman 406 Woman is distributed in Bigfork, Columbia Falls, Kalispell, Missoula, Whitefish and every point in between. Check out for our full distribution list. Have a great story idea or know someone that we should feature? Email us with your comments & suggestions. Interested in increasing your business and partnering with 406 Woman? Check out

Thanks to Scout And Gather Mercantile for the photo location.

Editor’s Note

Spring is the time to celebrate our obsession with beauty, to take a moment to reflect on the people in your life that always brighten your days. Look closely at all their wonderful qualities, attitude and the genuine ways they share themselves and what they have with those around them. With spring we welcome change and we are excited to announce Amanda Wilson will taking on a new role here at 406 Woman - as our Creative and Social Media Director. She had been working for us behind the scenes taking our cover, profile and advertising images for the last six years. A lot of you know her but for those who don’t, she is looking forward to connecting with you through social media. in addition to bringing creative and fresh ideas to the magazine.

Wishing you a Happy Spring! The Woman of 406 Amanda, Cindy and Mary


In this issue you’ll find…. Check out the KRH Care Anywhere and Telemedicine overview on page 32 of the business side. Nichole Perisho, KRMC’s Telehealth Coordinator, shares the numerous ways this relatively new platform is impacting the way we access medical care. Learn how the Yoga Hive’s Mollie Busby went from completely immersed the corporate world to living off-grid, and how it has helped her stay centered in her true yogic self. Her story is on page 46 of the business side. For the Canna-Curious: Information about CBD Oil – What it is, the benefits it provides, what to look for and how to use it. See page 48 of the business side. Some amazing Grilled Cheese Sandwich recipes on page 46, on the Lifestyle side, that will have your mouth watering!


Our Talented 406 Contributors C. Claude Basler, D.C.

Family Chiropractor, allowing you to express your true potential

Delia Buckmaster

Owner of Delia Pilates™, PMA®-CPT, International Educator bootybarre® master trainer, health coach, mom, Montana obsessed

Mollie Busby

Owner of Yoga Hive, with three studios in the Flathead valley, Mollie also works part-time for a nonprofit, and enjoys living off-grid in her NW Montana home

Christine Hensleigh

Full-time history buff and writer in Whitefish, Montana. Christine's current online historical publication can be found at

June Jeffries

The mastermind behind 406 Tablescapes, June is an avid reader, a ‘Juneof-All-Trades’ who will tackle any kind of design, electrical, plumbing, or architectural project, and she is currently writing a screen play and dabbling with a manuscript

Kalispell OB/GYN Doctors & Practitioners

Board certified OB/GYN professional offering expert advice

Allison Linville

Community Relations Coordinator of North Valley Hospital

John Miller, DDS

Specializing in general dentistry, Dr. Miller provides expert advice

Carole Morris

Instructional Specialist, Author, and Adjunct Professor. The proud mom of two perfect children and grammie to thre flawless grandchildren

Kelly O’Brien, Esq.

Business Law specialist with Measure Law Office, PC

Brianne Perleberg

Founder of I Want Her Job and marketing director at NASCAR track Phoenix Raceway

Kelly Pris

Marketing Director at Mountain Meadow Herbs with over 12-years experience in the dietary supplement industry

Kristen Pulsifer

Writer, editor, and owner at Whitefish Study Center

Dr. Austine Siomos

A pediatric cardiologist at Rocky Mountain Heart and Lung, plus a wife and mother

Jaymee Sire

Jaymee grew up in North Central Montana and is an Emmy Award winning sports broadcaster. She writes a food and travel blog called “e is for eat”. (

For full bios for our contributors, please visit


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View current and past issues of 406 Woman at

w w w . 4 0 6 W o m a n . c o m

Meet Cody Payne… Profession: Photographer/Videographer

Currently Residing In: Whitefish, MT during the summer and somewhere warmer in the winter.

My Workweek Includes: Each week is random for me, but usually

I’m traveling for work or out camping somewhere. I try to spend my days outside while editing at night.

My favorite outdoor activity: I love hiking and camping with my pups, they have traveled all over the states with me.

When it comes to food, I can’t live without: I go through phases of favorite foods, but lately, pomegranate has been a favorite!

My bucket list includes doing this next year: I have been working on a script for a documentary for some time now and I hope to finish filming it this year.

health} design}

Garden Ready

Springtime in the Rockies

Get Your Garden Ready By Michael Connolly - Photos by Amanda Wilson Photography

Before you do any planting or planning, there are a couple of essential details that make NW Montana unique regarding the Growing of Plants.


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First – A Short Growing Season. We average approximately 90

growing days (Frost Free Days) here in the Flathead Valley (June 1 – September 1). However, the number of growing days varies greatly depending on your location. Areas on or around Flathead Lake or Kalispell proper will have a longer growing season, while Columbia Falls, Kila/Marion, Olney, West Glacier, and Whitefish will have a shorter growing season. Elevation also needs to be taken into account. If you are located at a higher elevation, this too will create fewer growing days. Being in a mountain valley also creates microclimates that can cause dramatic environmental changes within a relatively short distance between growing locations.

Second – Cool Evening Temperatures. Nighttime temperatures from June through August average 46.7 degrees. Cool evening temperatures cause a slowing down of plant growth limiting our plants' growth potential even further.

Most experienced gardeners look to Memorial Day or the last week of May to be relatively safe from frost. That being said, remember we live in NW Montana and can experience frost any month of the year. It is always a good idea to keep a watchful eye on the weather and plan accordingly. Usually, the 3 P’s (Pansies, Petunias, and Perennials) may be planted the first part of May as these plants will tolerate cooler nights and a light frost. Snapdragons, Dusty Miller, Dianthus,


and Alyssum, are other plants that are more tolerant of cooler temperatures. Plants such as Geraniums, Begonias, Impatiens, Fuchsia, Marigolds, Dahlias, and Calibrachoa have little to no frost tolerance. Please note that all plants need to be Hardened Off before transplanting outside in colder temperatures.

As previously stated, Montana spring weather can be very unpredictable and can change dramatically very quickly. Cool spring temperatures, strong winds, and a strong, bright sun can be stressful on plants that have been grown in a greenhouse environment. “Hardening Off ” is a process that minimizes these risks to tender plants. Whether you just picked up some plants from your favorite nursery or started the plants yourself at home, the following are some guidelines to Hardening Off greenhouse plants to the great outdoors.

lPlace plants outdoors in a sheltered location for a couple of hours on a nice, mild day and return indoors at night. Indoors could be a garage or garden shed that does not freeze. Protecting the plants from strong winds, sun, cool temperatures, and heavy rains is very important. lEach day the plants may be exposed to one more hour of direct light and then moved back to their indoor, protected night environment.

Garden Ready

lThis process may take up to 7-14 days depending on weather conditions and the variety of plant. lKeep an eye on the weather forecasts and if strong storms or low temperatures are forecast keep the plants inside. This is especially true during the first few days. lAfter the Hardening Off process is completed, your plants will be able to tolerate most of spring’s unpredictable weather. lContinue to take steps to lessen your plants' exposure if extreme conditions come about. Perennial Plants that are greenhouse grown can often acclimate faster than annuals but be cautious as Montana spring weather can be highly unpredictable. Products that can help in protecting your plants include

lFrost Blanket

lKozy Coats, Season Starters, Wall-O-Waters lHot Kaps lPre-formed Frost Protection Tent For 40 years Hooper's Garden Center has been helping homeowners and landscape contractors alike, by providing the highest quality plants and information to make their gardening projects rewarding and successful.

Plant Cold Temperature Tolerance Lows to 35-40

Lows to 45

Lows to 55




Dianthus Pansies Snapdragons Sweet Pea Violas --------Broccoli Brussel Sprouts Cabbage Cauliflower Kohlrabi Leeks Onions Parsnips Pea Potatoes

Calla Lily Fuchsia Geranium Lobelia Osteospermum Petunias --------Carrot Celery Chinese Cabbage Endive Kale Lettuce Radish Swiss Chard Turnips

Bacopa Dusty Miller Million Bells ---------

Beet Corn Pumpkin


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Picture Perfect in Pink!


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By June Jeffries for Empress Tents and Events Photographed by Kelly Kirksey Photography

Tablescaping When I was a little girl, it was fashionable to wrap nickels, dimes and quarters in waxed paper… (truly!!!!) and bake them in the cake. Once the candles were blown out, and the cake was cut, I watched to see who got what - that was the ‘grab bag’ of the sixties and seventies. By the time I had children of my own the birthday party scene had changed: goodie bags (I still don’t know who started that tradition), parties at amusement parks, skating rinks, swimming pools, and movie theatres, and sometimes a backyard party with a myriad of games and entertainment. One year, I paper-mached an indestructible piñata, which didn’t bode well with a group of zealous 7-year-olds who were ready to pounce every time someone swung the bat. After 30 minutes of children and adults alike swinging madly, we had to cut it in half. It’s funny, now!



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This was one of our favorite styled shoots - it was fun to decorate mini cupcakes with pale pink icing and pearl dots, dip Rice Krispies squares in pink chocolate.


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Traditions and trends evolve, but if you’re turning four…if Elsa from Frozen is your favorite Disney character…if wearing princess dresses is a daily ritual…if pink is your go-to color… if sugar and treats make you smile…then it seems practically perfect to plan a party in pink. This was one of our favorite styled shoots - it was fun to decorate mini cupcakes with pale pink icing and pearl dots, dip Rice Krispies squares in pink chocolate (word of advice: do not try to use cake donut holes as a substitute for cake pops). The birthday cake for two was decorated with leftover spray roses and placed in a dainty pink milk glass vase.

It’s always fun to rummage through the vast inventory of treasures at Empress Tents and Events and if you don’t find all you need, take a look at Vintage Whites. We collected pink pillows, a pink rug, and the perfectly pink accessories to create a party for a princess. We made a pit stop at Home Goods where we found the perfect luncheon plates. Then we called Kelly Kirksey to photograph the fun. As always … a big thank you to Kelly ( for fitting us in every time; and remember for all your party planning needs, contact Lynn Malmberg at


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By Wright’s Furniture

Outdoor Living in Montana New patio styles now available at Wright's Furniture


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Open-Weave Wicker- Sturdy, timeless and built for year around living, this collection features a handsome, coastal flare. The open weave gives a light and airy feel to this sophisticated and modern design. This collection is finished in an ultra-realistic Raffia resin wicker using a three-step finish for a worry-free experience with the look of natural materials. The deep seating pieces in this collection feature rolled high back cushions for added comfort and available in many fabrics and 2 wicker finish options.


Modern Teak with Sling-

Clean, contemporary lines and worryfree materials distinguish this modern teak collection. Constructed from plantation-grown teak, this lounge chair features exclusive Bayline® sling upholstery designed to prevent sagging and stretching. For ultimate relaxation, pair with matching ottoman. This collection offers both dining and lounge options and is available in Natural or Grey finish and sling fabric options.

Two-toned Aluminum-

This wrought aluminum collection features an X-stretcher back for both dining and deep seating styles. The refined patio chair shown here in the New Slate Grey option is distinguished by a contrasting two-toned finish and brings sophisticated elegance to any outdoor space. For added comfort and style, this collection is available with Summer Classics’ welted Dream Cushion. Also available in a Mahogany two-toned finish.

Teak Adirondack- This new teak Adirondack collection presents a modern take on the classic Adirondack style, featuring a smooth texture and sleek frame design that blends well with a variety of outdoor seating collections. Styled with a gathered teak-slat back with mortiseand-tenon construction, this Adirondack is built to be enjoyed for years and years. This collection offers deep seating, dining, lounge and occasional pieces in both natural and grey finishes.


Full collections of the pictured outdoor styles, as well as many other styles and combinations, are available at Wright's Furniture in Whitefish, MT. 6325 HWY 93 South, Whitefish, Montana 59937 | 406.862.2455 | Open Daily |Free Local Delivery | Free Design Services | 406  79


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AROUND THE WORLD IN A DAY Enjoying Disney’s Epcot World Showcase as an adult By Jaymee Sire Photos by Justin Aharoni

It's known for being "The Happiest Place on Earth."

After spending three days at Disney World with six other adults... I can confidently say that moniker holds true just as much for the "kids at heart" as it does for the actual children themselves.

Adults can enjoy many of the same thing the kids do... meeting Disney characters, going on iconic rides, and eating all of the Mickey Mouse shaped food you can imagine. However, I think most of us can agree that the number one "adult centric" activity is participating in an "Around the World" food & drink journey at Epcot World Showcase. at the Les Vins de Chefs de France stand located near the lagoon across from Les Chefs de France Restaurant.

If your game plan is to country-hop in order, then your options are to either start in Mexico or Canada, as the World Showcase is shaped like a giant horseshoe, wrapped around a giant lagoon. Let this article serve as your official tour guide… and don’t forget to bring your official passport (available at the gift shop!) CANADA Unless you are dining at Le Cellier Steakhouse (which is supposed to be fabulous), then your alcoholic beverages are limited to a small popcorn & drink cart at the entrance to the Canada Pavillion. Our group of seven had some of the Unibroue beer as well as an "Ottawa Apple" which is Crown Royal Maple Whiskey, apple infusion and cranberry. (You can also get them in a souvenir cup!) I also recommend checking out O’Canada… where you get a 360 degree tour of our neighbors to the north on a giant Circle-Vision screen with Martin Short as the narrator.

UNITED KINGDOM After you've had your fill of posing for photos inside the iconic Red Phone Booths, pop into Rose & Crown Pub for your next libation. We ordered a wide variety of drinks here: a Bloody Mary, Cider,


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Our visit also happened to fall during the festival of the arts, and as part of this special celebration, there was a pop-up food menu at one of the carts that featured "Creme de Brie en Petit Pain"... or in other words: "Delicious melty brie inside the most adorable miniature bread bowl." Here's hoping this menu item stays on the menu all year round! and a couple of the "Pub Blends" including Black & Tans (half Guinness, half ale) and Snake Bites (half cider, half Harp.) If you are hungry, the fish & chips looked pretty tasty as well. FRANCE France proved to be one of my favorite stops on our whirlwind around-the-world tour. (Oui Oui!) The France Pavillion is famous for its Grand Marnier Orange Slush. Imagine an adult version of an Icee or a Slushy that tastes exactly like a creamsicle. The much sought-after cocktail has a mixture of Grey Goose vodka, Grand Marnier liqueur, rum and orange juice. You can find these delightful treats

MOROCCO Morocco is actually a very underrated pavilion in the World Showcase. If we hadn't been pressed for time to make our lunch reservation, I would've

liked to explore here more. But alas, Italy was calling, so we got our Casa beer and went on our way. There's also a takeaway bar located inside Spice Road Table, which serves up a variety of interesting cocktails. Restaurant Marrakesh or Spice Road Table are nice food options if you are in the mood for kebabs or tangines.

JAPAN Japan is certainly one of the more picturesque pavilions, with its red gate, towering Pagoda and luscious gardens. At the Garden House, you will find a variety of drinks, including sake, plum wine and Japanese beer. You can even get a "Kirin Frozen Draft Beer," an ice cold Kirin draft topped with frozen beer foam that sort of looks like

soft serve ice cream, but is actually beer. There is also a sake bar in the back of the Mistukoshi Department Store that might be a nice stop if you are interested in sampling some more high end sake. If you would like to sit down for a Japanese meal, consider checking out Teppan Edo, which provides Hibachi-style dining (think Benihana), with sushi available a la carte. AMERICAN ADVENTURE: Looking back, I highly regret not ordering a giant turkey leg in the "American Adventure" just for the photo op alone. Instead, I opted for a Red Stag Hot Cocoa, available at the Fife & Drum Tavern. I'm not sure if this was strictly a seasonal drink (we visited in the winter), but if you visit in the summer and in the mood for a refreshing bourbon drink, they also sell Frozen Red Stag Lemonades (frozen lemonade with Jim Beam.) In true American style, you can also order beer such as Sam Adams, Yuengling & Budweiser. And if craft beer is more your thing, check out Block & Hans for other beer options from around the country. ITALY: Bellissimo! That's how I felt about our entire experience in Italy. As the "Disney Mom" of the group and wanting to plan ahead for a much needed lunch break, I made a mid-afternoon

reservation at Via Napoli. I live in New York, and therefore have become somewhat of a pizza snob. So it's a pretty significant compliment for me to say... the pizza at Via Napoli is completely legit. They have giant wood-burning ovens, import their ingredients from Southern Italy, and supposedly sought out the perfect well water in Florida that was similar to the pH of the water found in Naples to make absolute certain the pizza was as authentic as possible. We got a Mezzo Meter (1/2 meter) of Pepperoni, as well as one of their special burrata pizzas and all left extremely full, happy and ready for the rest of our worldly excursion.


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Disney World

As for drinks, they had a lot of fun and interesting options, such as the ”Limoncello Mule"... which was basically a Moscow Mule with limoncello added (and according to our waitress, one of the booziest drinks on the menu.) A couple people went with the classic Aperol Spritz, while a few others ordered a Tiramisu Martini, which was their version of an Espresso martini that could also double as dessert. GERMANY: Even though you can order Mickey Mouseshaped pretzels pretty much anywhere in Disney World, Germany seemed like a good place to get a German-style pretzel "und" beer. You can find both at pretty much any stand in the Germany pavilion. And if you are in the mood for a German buffet with a show, then Biergarten Restaurant is said to be an excellent meal with lively German entertainment where it’s Oktoberfest all year round.

AFRICAN TRADING POST: Not an official stop on the Drink & Eat Around the World Tour... but they do serve some alcoholic beverages there, if you want to drum up some extra credit. Or, you can just stop to drum like we did. CHINA: The China pavilion was actually a sneaky good spot for cocktails. The Joy of Tea stand is near the lagoon and serves up a couple of delightful drinks. Our group equally enjoyed the Canto Loopy (which


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is vodka and cantaloupe juice), as well as "Tipsy Ducks in Love" (Bourbon, coffee, tea, whipped cream & chocolate syrup.)

NORWAY: Norway definitely pales in comparison to some of its Epcot counterparts. You can get a Carlsberg beer (which is technically Danish), or venture into Kringla Bakery for a "Viking Coffee" (coffee with Kamora liqueur and Baileys) and school bread, which is a sweet roll filled with vanilla custard and topped with icing and toasted coconut.

MEXICO: Arriba! The last stop on this around-the-world adventure takes you to Mexico, where there is no shortage of food, drinks or attractions. The pavilion is marked by a giant Mayan pyramid surrounded by a Yucatan jungle, where it is always twilight inside. I highly recommend trying to make a dinner reservation ahead of time at either San Angel Inn Restaurante or Hacienda de San Angel for some authentic Mexican fare. La Cava del Tequila is considered the best spot for margaritas and fine tequila in the pavilion. It’s known for their Avocado Margarita, which has a cult-like following among Disney World fanatics. It features tequila, melon liqueur, fresh avocado, agave nectar, and fresh lime juice, served frozen with a hibiscus salt rim. Instead I ended up settling

for a "Fiesta Margarita" at Choza de Margarita, which was a combo of strawberry, lime and mango. It was incredibly sweet but still tasty, and a nice way to cap off what was most definitely an all-day fiesta. Speaking of fiestas, Gran Fiesta is a leisurely boat ride inside the Mexico pavilion, which was a lovely way to put an exclamation point on the the whirlwind adventure. Congratulations! At this point, you’ve made it around the world… and now it’s time to celebrate with some fireworks. Grab your margarita and head to the lagoon for the IllumiNations show, which takes place nightly at 9pm. Cheers to a trip of a lifetime and be careful… jet lag can be rough.

Jaymee Sire

Jaymee grew up in North Central Montana and is an Emmy Award winning sports broadcaster, former ESPN SportsCenter anchor, and occasional Food Network contributor. She also writes a food and travel blog called “e is for eat.” (


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Brittanie & Shawn November 8, 2018

Photography by Cody Payne Photography Location: Shipwreck Beach, Kauai 


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love} stories

He smiled and I knew I wanted him forever. No doubts ever crossed my mind.Â


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love} stories

Who are we: Shawn Christensen, owner of Stillwater Landscape and Brittanie Christensen, Dental Assistant at Glacier Grins Pediatric Dentistry and co-owner of Stillwater Landscape.  How did you meet?  We originally met in High School and out of the blue came back into each other lives on the 4th of July in 2015. From there we were inseparable.  The Proposal:  We got engaged in Seattle, Washington at the Fairmont Olympic Hotel on November 5, 2017 after a Seahawks Game. It completely took me by surprise, and I told him to “Shut Up”. It was perfect for us to be in an intimate and comfortable setting. We celebrated with Champagne and chocolate covered strawberries, along with some close friends that joined us for the Seattle trip. 

What Is Love? Brittanie: Love to me is spending every single day with your best friend, trusting them in every journey, supporting them through the good days and never giving up on the bad days. Shawn has shown me what true Love feels like.

Shawn: Love is honesty, trust, acceptance and a forever promise.

What I love about Shawn: I love that Shawn never stops setting goals. He is the hardest worker I know, has built a company from the ground up and continues to be successful. I love that Shawn is always up for an adventure:


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I love Brittanie’s personality, she is so charming, kind and confident. camping, hunting, fishing, boating, backpacking, and random day dates in the woods. He truly is my Montana Man. What I love most about Shawn is the way our children look up to him and he is always working toward giving them a better life. Shawn is an all-in daddy, he loves his children fiercely and always has their best interest in mind. He has supported their dreams and goals, he is there every step of the way teaching them how to fish, ride a bike, ski and any sport they want to try. I fell in love with him because of the way he loves our children. Shawn chooses his family every single day, and it’s not always easy having a blended family but he has never loved my son any differently.

What I love about Brittanie: I love Brittanie’s personality, she is so charming, kind and confident. I love her smile and her eyes. I love that we enjoy many of the same interests and hobbies so we can experience them together. I love that Brittanie will never hesitate to put others needs before hers, and will be there for her friends, family and I at any time. I love that she strives to better herself, her relationships, and her career. She works hard, sets goals, and is never afraid to speak her mind. She is a wonderful, loving mother who inspires our children to learn and be the best that they can be. Brittanie is very passionate in everything she does, and I cherish every memory we make.

When did I know I was in love with Shawn? He smiled and I knew I wanted him forever. No doubts ever crossed my mind.

When did I know I was in love with Brittanie? I knew I loved Brittanie after a romantic weekend at Quinn’s.

Wedding Details: Lashes by: Monya McCully, owner of Eye Candy In the Flathead Valley  Suits: Mimi’s Bridal, Kalispell  Dress: Allure from Believe Bride in Spokane Hair by: The Dollhouse, Kauai 

Fun Facts: We were so blessed to take our children to Kauai with us. Elsie was my Maid of Honor and Bridger was Shawn’s Best Man. It was our children’s first time on an airplane and their first time visiting the ocean. Hours before our ceremony, a massive rain storm came through and the wind was blowing. Pastor Harold Kilborn suggested that we use his church, but we were determined to have a beach wedding. The storm passed within 20 minutes of our wedding which cleared the beach, and cooled the sand down, making it very comfortable to walk barefoot on. During our wedding ceremony, there were turtles and a Manta Ray swimming behind us. It was a wonderful experience for everyone to witness! 

My Grandpa, Harry Bagley Sr. from Colville, Washington gave me away. I was so appreciative and it meant so much to both of us. We were also delighted to be joined by a handful of good friends and family. This was more than a wedding for us, it was the memories that we made with our friends and family on this unforgettable vacation.   Honeymoon: Dominican Republic 2020

201 Central ave. whitefish Montana 59937 - 406.862.3200


love} stories

Brandon & Karen January 26, 2019

Photography by Jessie Mazur Photography Location: Grouse Mountain Lodge, Whitefish, MT

Who are you?

Brandon- I was born in Denver and raised in Lolo.

Karen – I was born in Houston & graduated from high school in Billings, then moved to Missoula for college. We both have worked in restaurants for years - it's how we met‌both times! Brandon's daughter, Hagen, is nine years old and the world revolves around her! We all love living in Missoula – and love spending time outside, camping and playing in the water in the summer, and playing in the snow in the winter. We are also avid fans of sports, music, stand-up comedy, and traveling and we try to put all those together as often as we can!

How did you meet?

What is love?

We first met about 13 years ago when Brandon started working at Jaker's in Missoula, where Karen was a manager. We did not get along at all. We met again about 6 years later when Karen joined the staff at Brooks & Browns, where Brandon also happened to be working at the time. Over the next few years, we stopped disliking each other and eventually became close friends.

Brandon: Love is when you know she's the one. No matter how mad you are or how much you argue, be patient. Work things out. Listen. Know when you're in the wrong. Love is knowing you would do anything for them. Love is more than just a feeling. Love is something that makes you want to make the person you love smile & laugh as much as you can.

The Proposal?

Brandon proposed while on a sports vacation - the 49ers (his team) were playing the Eagles (her team) in Philadelphia. Knowing Karen was the one, he knew this was the time and place. After trying and failing to propose twice in the morning, they went to the game. The next day, at the top of the "Rocky" Steps behind the Philadelphia Art Museum, Brandon got down on one knee in front of a group of strangers and asked Karen to be his wife.


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Karen: Love is choosing the other person, even at the times it isn't easy. It's having your best friend be the person you get to wake up with every day and go to sleep with every night. It's knowing that no matter how bad the day is, someone will be there to give you a giant hug and tell you it will all be alright when you get home; and also knowing that you get to be there for them on their bad days, too. Love is always trying to grow and get better at loving. Love is the feeling you get when you see your partner doing the same.

love} stories

Love is more than just a feeling. Love is something that makes you want to make the person you love smile & laugh as much as you can.


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love} stories

What do you love most about each other? Brandon: I love that she supports most of my ideas, smart or dumb.

Karen: I love the father he is. Not everyone gets to see what kind of a parent their partner will be before they get married, but I did, and it just made me love him more.

When did you know you were in love?

Brandon: Looking back, it was during a text conversation. We were texting goofy lyrics back and forth. I didn't know it then, but I think that was it.

Karen: I knew I was in love the first time we went on a trip together. We spent so much of our time laughing and telling stories - I remember thinking that I just wanted to keep doing that forever.

Wedding Details

We knew we wanted a winter wedding outside in the snow and also that we didn't want it to be traditional. We went with an NFL theme - we just wanted to have fun with everyone! We also knew it was important to our families to have some traditional elements - so we got all dressed up and took our wedding photos earlier in the day. Then, we donned our football shirts before we walked down the aisle. We encouraged everyone we invited to wear football attire and convinced our officiant to act as 'referee.' Our exit music after we said “I do’ was the theme from Monday Night Football! It was a blast!

Interesting Fact

The Bride and Daughter of the Groom's Dresses were rented from Amazing Grace Wedding Dress Rentals, benefiting the Emma & Evan Foundation

Honeymoon plans

Instead of registering for the typical housewares and gifts, we started a honeymoon fund. We are going to use it to go see an NFL game in London this fall and spend a week sightseeing!


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Grilled Cheese Sandwiches By Carole Morris


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food} The history of the authentic grilled cheese sandwich is vague, however, the history of “the sandwich” is a little easier to nail down. The sandwich was named after the English aristocrat, John Montague (4th Earl of Sandwich) in the 18th-century. Montague enjoyed this type of food because the sandwich allowed him to eat at his desk while working. I totally get it…this man was brilliant. The sandwich finally came to the United States, in 1840. Sadly, nothing is known about the grilled cheese sandwich between ancient times and the 1920s. The first grilled cheese sandwich was cooked open faced with cheddar cheese, starting in the 1920’s. Now, we’ve evolved to this. Sexy and hot, grilled cheese will never be the same!

Apple Cheddar Bacon Grilled Cheese (tastes warm and cozy—like home) 4 slices bacon 2 slices (favorite) bread 1/2 apple (remove core) sliced thin 4 slices sharp cheddar cheese Soft butter

Grilled Cheese & Egg for Brunch


Ingredients (makes two sandwiches)

1. Cook the bacon to desired crispness.

2. Pre-heat non-stick flat pan over medium high heat.

3. Butter one slice of bread (on one side) then place in pan. Layer two slices of the cheddar cheese onto bread, next sliced apple and then the bacon. Top with the other two slices of cheddar, then cover it all with the second slice of bread. 4. Brown the sandwich on the first side for approximately two minutes. Press down, with spatula, as the sandwich cooks so that it sticks together. 5. Turn sandwich over to brown on the other side for about two minutes. Cut in half and inhale!

(tastes like an indulgent weekend) 1/2 stick softened butter 4 eggs (beaten together in bowl) 1/4 cup chopped fresh chives 1/2 cup mushrooms 4 slices of favorite bread 8 slices of mozzarella cheese 8 slices of sharp cheddar cheese


1. In a pan (over medium heat) melt 1 tbsp butter, then add beaten eggs. Stir until eggs are fully cooked, then add mushrooms and chives.

2. Butter each slice of bread…on one side. 3. In a flat skillet (over medium heat) place 2 slices of the bread, buttered side down.

4. Place 4 slices of mozzarella cheese on each slice of bread. 5. Put about ¼ cup of scrambled egg mixture on mozzarella cheese.

6. Place 4 slices of cheddar cheese on top of scrambled egg mixture. 7. Put remaining slice of bread on top of cheese.

8. Cover skillet and cook about two minutes (or until bottom bread is golden brown). 9. Turn-over and cook the second side until it is golden brown.


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Grilled Cheese with Caramelized Onion (tastes like a heavenly bowl of French onion soup)

Ingredients for caramelized onions 5 tbsp butter 3 medium yellow onions, sliced in about 1/4 inch slices 1 1/4 tsp salt 2 1/4 tsp granulated sugar 1/4 teaspoon thyme 1/4 cup beef stock

Instructions for caramelized onions

1. Melt butter over medium heat in a skillet. 2. Stir in sliced onions.

3. Season with salt and sugar. Cover pan and cook over low heat for approximately one hour. Stir occasionally until onions are dark brown and caramelized. 4. Stir in thyme and broth and cook for about 2 minutes… Remove from heat.

Ingredients for grilled cheese

Stick of soft butter 8 slices French bread 2 cups grated Gruyere cheese

Instructions for Grilled Cheese with Caramelized Onions 1. Butter each slice of bread…on one side.

2. In a flat skillet (over medium heat) place 4 slices of the bread, buttered side down.

3. Put about ¼ cup of cheese on top of each slice of bread. Then spoon desired amount of onion mixture on top of the cheese. Place remaining slices of bread on top of cheese. 4. Cover skillet and cook about two minutes (or until bottom bread is golden brown).


5. Turn-over and cook the second side until it is golden brown. Enjoy (try not to lick your fingers). 100 406


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Has Spring Finally Sprung? By Cindy Della Monica, Cheesemonger and Owner, Cheese Central


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This year, the groundhog was playing a joke on us…early spring, indeed! As a responsible citizen, I am still conserving water for household use, though we all know that we are WELL over rainfall and snow normal for drought purposes. As a sun-worshipper, I am past due for my vitamin D infusion! However, my spirits have been lifted as the forsythia and forget-me-nots are blooming in the yard, making bright patches in the gloom. Time to break out the spring, Easter and Mother’s Day ideas and recipes! Years ago, I found a Honey and Forsythia Syrup that is a good topping for ricotta pancakes or a stir-in for tea. I make a nutmeg muffin, too, that gets a “pokecake” treatment with the syrup as is, or infused with fresh lavender. Now… is the moment for harvest. Nothing says Easter brunch quite like the ubiquitous sliced ham, decorated eggs and deviled egg plate, yummy sweet rolls, muffins and breads, crispy fresh garden greens and a luscious cheese tray. I can’t wait to put out the bright tangy flavors of goats milk cheeses, especially with a spring mix salad from my garden. The arugula isn’t too peppery yet (as the days haven’t gotten hot), the baby romaine and oak leaf lettuces are tender and sweet, and the pea tendrils can be harvested, too. My favorite goat cheese for a salad plate is Bermuda Triangle, by Cypress Grove Creamery in Arcata, California. It is the exact same cheese as Humboldt Fog, but molded into a different form. Delightful! Alternatively, creamy-firm chevre logs can be blended with fresh chopped herbs, rolled and chilled. Decorated with edible flower petals and cut into discs for the salad plate is a smashing way to herald the arrival of Benjamin Bunny! Every year, the garden nasturtium plants have overwintered and flowered regardless of how frosty it might have been in the valley, and many of my landscape plants have edible flowers on them. I don’t use pesticides, so I KNOW that the flower petals are clean and edible, and the first rule of thumb is that if it is on the plate, it must be edible! The vibrant petals of geraniums, roses, violets and Johnny-Jump-Ups, carnation and Sweet William, along with the blossoms of chives, or mint, is just spectacular on the salad (or just scattered over your cheese platter). The flower petals have flavors

of peppery-brightness in sunset-colored nasturtiums, sweet-spiciness of cloves in cornflowers, or the cucumber-like taste of pretty star-shaped blue borage blossoms. Your foodie-forward friends will be wowed! Local asparagus is ready now. Steam or blanch it to tender crispness. Chill and arrange on a pretty tray, crumble chevre over its middle section like a belt, and dress lightly with a lemony vinaigrette. Garnished with a scattering of those flower petals will delight the eye AND the palette. Speaking of vinaigrette, I teach my culinary students the basic French vinaigrette recipe. Just by changing the flavor of vinegar and/or the flavor of mustard, the dressing will be completely different, mathematically making probably 20 different dressing combinations! I even advise using citrus juices instead of vinegar as the “acid” component to the dressing. Recently, I came upon dressing recipes that use either the pureed poached rhubarb flesh, or the poached rhubarb juice, as part of the acid in the dressing. When using the poached flesh, puree it with a bit of honey, rice wine vinegar and vegetable oil for a creamy vinaigrette. Aren’t you ready for strawberries? Strawberry jam, shortcake, muffins, cheesecake, even just a bowlful with yogurt or crème fraiche! The recipe on the next page is for a mini pastry cup with a cheesecake-y filling and fresh strawberry garnish, optionally garnished with candied blossoms such as JohnnyJump-Ups, violets or rose petals. That gift would make ANY mom-version feel special! Next time you head to Northern California and specifically Lodi, you must visit CHEESE CENTRAL. Cindy and the entire staff are ready to help you with samples of their 100+ cheeses. Visit for more information.

How about letting blossoms and cheese find their way into a spring dessert to serve after your ham, take to a friend, or church social, or Mother’s Day? I just love mini desserts—well, mini anything!

One of the best gifts I have taught in my children’s cooking classes is a gift for Mom or Grandma… a teacup and saucer repurposed to be a mini tea stand for an edible gift presentation! Find a pretty pair at the thrift shop. Warm up the hot glue gun. Turn the teacup upside down, run a bead of hot glue around the bottom rim of the base of the teacup, and set the right-side up saucer centered on the cup base. Let the glue harden for a few minutes. The mini-stand is now ready for the saucer to be filled with your special treats. So pretty!


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FRESH STRAWBERRY CHEESECAKE CUPS A tangy creamy filling enhances the freshness of the season’s favorite crop.

Bake at 350° for about 10 minutes, or till lightly browned on the edges. Use the melon baller to press the dough down again in the middle, forming a cup. Cool completely.


3/4 C cream cheese, softened


1/3 C room-temperature butter

3/4 C powdered sugar

1/2 C sugar

1/2 t vanilla

1 egg

2 T lemon juice

1/2 t vanilla

1/4 C whipping cream, beaten until stiff peaks form

1 1/4 C flour 1/2 t baking powder 1/4 t salt Grated zest of one lemon Cream together butter and sugar in medium bowl. Add egg and vanilla, and blend well. In a small bowl, combine dry ingredients and lemon zest. Blend into butter mixture without overmixing. Roll dough into 1″ balls, and place in PAM sprayed mini muffin tin. With your thumb, or the rounded end of a melon baller, make a good indentation in each cup.


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Strawberry halves, with a bit of green cap attached Beat cream cheese just until smooth. Beat in powdered sugar, vanilla and lemon juice just until combined. Add whipped cream, and blend well. Put filling into a piping bag, or a large ziplock bag and cut a small bit of corner off with a scissors. Refrigerate until ready to serve. When ready to serve, pipe filling to the cooled pastry cups. Top with a berry half, and garnish with fresh edible blossoms. Serve immediately or chill.

To crystallize blossoms or rose petals:

1 egg white (using powdered egg whites helps avoid possible salmonella) superfine sugar clean, dry whole blossoms, or rose petals

Beat egg white until frothy. Using fresh picked flowers, paint each flower individually with beaten egg white using a craft paintbrush. When thoroughly coated, sprinkle with fine sugar and place on a wire rack to dry. Flowers are completely dry when stiff and brittle to the touch. Store the dried, candied flowers in airtight container until ready to use, up to three months.


Mustard, May and Mental Health

It is spring! Time to get outside, tune up the bicycles and take a long ride (or in our case, a spin around the block due to short legs on the children in our family). It is time for planting, spring cleaning and putting away the winter clothing. Spring can be a great time for many, but also can be a difficult time for mental health. We see a lot of mental health concerns in young people in the spring. This is perhaps because school is coming to an end with academic stress and the pressure to make plans for the future.

According to a recent report by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), antidepressant use has risen by 65% between 1999 and 2014. A 2017 study also showed that depression increased in the US from 6.6% to 7.3%. In many cases, antidepressants or other pharmaceuticals are extremely important. It is always wise to optimize lifestyle, whether or not medications are part of a treatment plan. Natural support for mental health is also essential for the prevention of mental health disorders and to promote mental resilience.


Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that helps regular sleep and appetite, mediates mood, and inhibits pain. This is the primary target of the most common antidepressant medications,

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By Austine K. Siomos, MD Pediatric Cardiologist at Rocky Mountain Heart & Lung

SSRIs (serotonin reuptake inhibitors). Since about 95% of serotonin is produced in the gastrointestinal tract, support of a healthy gastrointestinal tract with good nutrition is naturally essential for good mental health. There is an increasing amount of research in the field of nutritional psychiatry.

One of the big targets of study currently in nutritional psychiatry is the compound sulforaphane. Sulforaphane is exciting for many reasons, including its ability to suppress inflammation, improve cognitive function, and support kidney and liver health. Most importantly for the topic of mental health, sulforaphanes have treatment uses in recovery from addiction (specifically methamphetamines) as well as for schizophrenia. In recent studies published in the past year, sulforaphanes have been found to prevent the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and have promoted memory retention. Sulforaphanes are found in the highest quantities in dark leafy greens. If you want to boost the action of the sulforaphanes (and add a few also), then the best delicious condiment to add is mustard.

So what is the deal with mustard? I must admit that I did not have much appreciation for this plant species, as my experience with mustard growing up was primarily the bright yellow

paste on hot dogs that usually somehow got on my clothes and never completely came off. So I avoided mustard for years. Then there were the famous Grey Poupon commercials, which started in 1981 (can you believe it?) and ran through 1997. From those commercials, my crowd and I had the sense that mustard was too high class for us. So either it was the ballpark yellow paste or the unobtainable upper-class jars. Is there somewhere in between?

Fortunately, mustard is an amazing plant that has a rich history that far surpasses hot dogs and funny commercials. By some historical accounts, mustard was the first condiment ever used. It has been mentioned several times in religious texts including the Bible and is found in the tombs of Egyptian Pharaohs. Pythagoras, the Greek philosopher, and mathematician of Pythagorean theorem fame revered mustard for its contribution to health and medicine.

Some interesting appearances by mustard: 1. Mustard was first cultivated in India around 3000 BC and was later taken to Britain by the Romans

2. Mustard was known for its medicinal purposes before its culinary uses. It was first mentioned in the writings of Hippocrates. It was used as a paste for muscular pain and toothaches. It also became well known as an appetite


Brussels Sprouts With

Every part of the mustard plant is edible. The leaves

Creamy Mustard Dressing

are delicious in salads and soups. Oil can be made from the seeds stimulant and to promote digestion, clear the sinuses and prevent frostbite. 3. Mustard was first recorded as being prepared by wealthy Romans, who mixed wine and mustard seeds and added to their meals. 4. Pope John Paul XXII supposedly loved mustard so much that in the early 1300s he created a new position in the Vatican titled ‘Grand Moutadier du Pape,’ “Mustard Maker to the Pope.” 5. Yellow mustard actually gets its bright yellow color from turmeric. 6. It is traditional for a German bride to sew mustard seeds into the hem of her wedding dress to assure her dominance in the household. 7. America is the biggest consumer of mustard in the world. 8. There is a mustard museum in Middleton, Wisconsin that is home to the world’s largest collection of mustards (more than 5,400 mustards from all 50 states and more than 70 countries!). This museum also hosts an annual mustard competition every April.

This is a simple and beautiful spring recipe that will impress as a side dish. In this case, I served it over spaghetti squash as a main dish. acids, which are two essential fatty acids that the body cannot produce. Omega fatty acids reduce triglyceride levels as much as 30% and raise HDL (the good cholesterol). These also lower blood pressure and prevent blood clots. Prevent cancer: Mustard is packed with phytochemicals called glucosinolates that fight cancer, most notably bladder, cervical and colon cancer. Myrosinase enzymes in mustard help glucosinolates break down to form isothiocyanates. These isothiocyanates are powerful in neutralizing carcinogens. Multiple research studies demonstrate that isothiocyanates stimulate apoptosis (cell death) of malignant cells without affecting normal healthy cells. Promote healthy digestion: Mustard has been shown to increase saliva production. It also is an excellent source of dietary fiber that promotes regular bowel movements. Mustard has been found to prevent indigestion.

Strengthen teeth, bones, and gums: Mustard contains a significant amount of calcium, magnesium, manganese, and phosphorus. These elements are all essential for avoiding tooth decay, gum disease, and osteoporosis.

Every part of the mustard plant is edible. The leaves are delicious in salads and soups. Oil can be made from the seeds Mustard’s scientific names are Brassica Nigra (Black Mustard) and Brassica Alba (White Mustard)

Health benefits of Mustard

Lower Cholesterol naturally: Mustard is a good source of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty

Instructions 1. Halve the spaghetti squash, remove the seeds (optionally, the seeds can be roasted and used as a topping) 2. Halve and trim the Brussels sprouts 3. Place the spaghetti squash with the cut sides down on a baking sheet and add about a 1/4 inch of water. Roast the spaghetti squash in a 400-degree oven until a fork goes in easily 4. Pull the spaghetti squash away from the peel with a fork and season with olive oil, salt, and pepper

9. National Mustard Day is celebrated annually on the first Saturday in August, and this year is on August 3. Mustard is a plant species belonging to the family Brassicaceae, which includes turnips, cabbages, and broccoli among others. Mustard plants have tiny seeds that are ground and usually mixed with wine, lemon juice, water, and vinegar to create a paste or sauce.

Ingredients: 1 spaghetti squash 1 lb Brussels sprouts olive oil ¼ cup tahini 2 tbsp mustard 1 cup mushroom broth or water 1 ½ tsp sweet vermouth ½ tsp paprika or smoked paprika salt and pepper to taste

5. Toss the Brussels sprouts in olive oil

and salt, spread on a baking sheet with cut sides down

6. Roast the Brussels sprouts in a

400-degree oven until the cut sides are brown and sizzling

Austine K Siomos, MD is a pediatric cardiologist at Rocky Mountain Heart & Lung in Kalispell. She trained first to become a pediatrician and then specialized in the study of pediatric hearts. She sees and treats children from before they are born until they are ready to see an adult cardiologist. She is passionate about the health of all children and families. Her goal for all children is to promote healthy habits and avoidance of those types of heart disease that are generally considered to be adult problems.

7. In a small saucepan over low heat, combine the mustard, tahini, mushroom broth or water, vermouth, and paprika 8. Once the sauce is creamy and

combined, add salt and pepper to taste

9. Toss the Brussels sprouts in the sauce, or serve over the spaghetti squash with the sauce drizzled on top


10. Enjoy with roasted squash seeds on top for a happy crunch! 406  107


“Overboard!” By Kristen Pulsifer

I have learned that school, of any kind, and at any grade, can be similar to a slow boat ride into a massive, spinning tornado. Everything starts out smooth. You step into your beautiful boat with all you need- a life jacket, snacks, drinks, towels, and then… the storm hits! Life jackets are strapped on tight, but then straps are twisted, and snacks are swished overboard, leaving you hungry, thirsty. Then, the towels go. You are left wet and cold. Water actually splashes into your eyes, coating them, leaving you blinded and confused! This is a semester at school. Students walk into school all organized, with new colorful notebooks that have dividers and pretty sparkly pencils latched inside by a decorative pencil bag. Kids are smiling, backpacks look new and have zippers that work! Then, the first set of tests hit, and notes are gathered for studying, but then put away in, yes, the wrong section of the notebook, never to be found again, not even for finals. And then final exams… and that’s the storm. The final test that is worth 20% of your grade, or more, has come! The students cannot find the notes. They don’t think to look for their science notes in their English section, so they are never found and panic sets in. Notebooks are thrown, pencils are snapped, and a student has had it! They become stressed and then sick, and they are ever so lucky if they can just pass that last exam.


Now, I realize that it’s not this way with every student. Some approach test time and their equipment 108 406

still looks good and is still safely on board, and the exams or projects are met with preparedness; but, this, unfortunately, does not happen with everyone. Fortunately, another day is in sight, through that massive funneling storm, and there is a chance for a fresh start, a better grade next time, and maybe, yes maybe, even a new backpack or notebook. So, what can you do to ensure that this second chance… a new day… is a better one? Well, let’s see-

GOALS – It is always good to have a goal and know where you or your student wants to be at the end of a quarter or a semester. Maybe your goals are not grade related. That’s great! But what are they, and where is it that you want your boat to take you? Maybe you want to simply be more organized so when you reach next semester’s finals, you are in good shape for the test. And, because you have become more organized, your current grade is solid and does not weigh so heavily on that last exam or project. Organization is important and leaves all of us feeling more prepared for each school day and what it brings. GRADES – If a better grade is what students seek, what does the student think they need to do to get there? If they are overwhelmed and cannot figure this out on their own, make sure students talk to either their teachers, a tutor, a counselor, or parent and asks them how to set reasonable goals for their ability levels. There is nothing more frustrating than trying to achieve something but then setting a goal that may not be reasonable for their ability level. PARENTS- If parents are more concerned than their students, then don’t be afraid to ask for help. School

and school work are often stressful in the home, and sometimes it is nice to simply have an outside resource to help you and your child/student figure out how to make school a more positive and successful experience. Many of the families that come to my study center come for just that. Discussions about school become too controversial at home, so finding an outside resource to buffer interactions with teachers and kids can be helpful and relieving. RELAX – Students and parents…. Remember to relax. Stress adds an additional negative element to all of this that will only succeed in making things worse. I know it’s quite difficult for everyone to be calm when we just want what is best for either our kids or ourselves. Make sure to look at other factors outside of school and academics that may be disturbing a student’s ability to study and progress. Look at eating habits, social lives, work areas, and home lives. Are students getting enough free time and exercise? Are things at school, outside of academics, stressful? Take time to calmly sit down and look at all factors that contribute to the day to day and your child’s mental health. Know that no matter what, progress can be made. Even if a storm hits, and all supplies are lost, we can all do things to make the storm less tumultuous, especially if we can work with available resources and people that are able to help. Spring is the perfect time of year to sit down and reevaluate how we all want our school years to end. Happy Spring!


Glacier Symphony

Wraps Up 36th Season with a Trio of Concerts By Marti Ebbert Kurth Photography by Michael Roessmann

Music helps to share our stories. It allows us to hear one another, share our experience of it, and invite each other in. What better way to share in the majestic transformation that is Spring than to enjoy a powerful concert of symphonic music? On April 26-28 the Glacier Symphony will usher in the return of beautiful weather and the completion of its successful 36th concert season with a Spring Festival that highlights the full orchestra and chorale in three distinctly different concerts.

John Zoltek, music director and maestro of the Glacier Symphony, reflects on the 36th season’s artistic high points. “This has been a tremendous season with a number of sold out concerts, such as Handel’s Messiah and the elegant Gershwin Gala. Patrons also shared how moving the Scheherazade concert was for them. Our Spring Festival will be a fitting finale with performances of great works by Beethoven, Brahms, Schumann, Holst, Wagner, and others. It offers sublime and dynamic music that will showcase both our wonderful chorale directed by Dr. Micah Hunter and our fabulous orchestra.”


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The Festival opens on Friday, April 26, with the powerful, 70-voice chorale in Love’s Unending Song. Glacier Chorale Conductor, Dr. Micah Hunter, has chosen a varied repertoire of songs about love, so appropriate to this season. A sampling of the pieces includes A Boy and Girl, and This Marriage, by Eric Whitacre, O’ My Luve’s like a Red Red Rose, by David Dickau and I Love my Love, by Gustav Holst.

Hunter has also programmed An Irish Blessing, a work he penned, along with a selection of music dedicated to former chorale conductor, James Stannard. The concert begins at 7:30 pm and will be held at Glacier High School’s Performance Hall. Beethoven and Mozart on day two bring the Glacier Orchestra front and center under the baton of Maestro Zoltek. He has paired Mozart’s popular and tuneful 40th Symphony in G minor with Beethoven’s dynamic Piano Concerto No. 1. Joining the orchestra for this work will be pianist Scott Cuellar. Zoltek comments that Beethoven, like Mozart before him, used his piano concerto as a personal performance vehicle to display his virtuosity and to awe his audiences. “This 1st concerto (actually

the second he composed) is a prime example of Beethoven’s early period, with a strong nod to the classic style but with his powerful stylistic stamp written all over the piece.”

Scott Cuellar will make his debut performance with the Glacier Symphony in this dynamic work. A graduate of the Julliard and Oberlin schools he is currently pursuing a doctorate at the Shepherd School of Music at Rice University. Cuellar has performed professionally with a variety of orchestras and festivals nationwide giving recitals in many noted venues, including Carnegie Hall. The concert will be held at 7:30 pm on Saturday, April 27 at Flathead High School Performance Hall. The Song of Destiny Finale, on Sunday, April 28 at 3 pm at FHS, brings together the full power of the orchestra and chorale in what Zoltek describes as a romantic musical indulgence. The orchestra opens the concert with Wagner’s evocative Prelude from his opera Tristan and Isolde based on a fabled tale of betrayal and illfated love. The chorale then joins the orchestra for one of Brahms’ best choral works, Schicksalslied or Song of Destiny, inspired by a luminous nature/ spirit poem by German poet Holderlin.


Spring Festival

Friday, April 26, 7:30 pm Glacier High School Performance Hall Love’s Unending Song - Micah Hunter, conductor Saturday, April 27, 7:30 pm Flathead School High Performance Hall Beethoven & Mozart - John Zoltek, conductor Sunday, April 28, 3:00 pm FHS Performance Hall Song of Destiny Finale - John Zoltek, conductor

Save these dates! Zoltek explains that Brahms’ moody and gorgeous work was composed at the height of his compositional mastery and illustrates his love of choral writing as he was an advocate of choral groups and societies for many years. The Festival will conclude with Schumann’s remarkable Symphony No. 3 “Rhenish” that was his tribute to the Rhine river and its cultural associations. “Its initial movement can be called heroic and triumphant with surging melodic waves and constant rhythmic grounding.”

“It’s going to be great!” Zoltek finishes. Buy tickets and learn more: 406-407-7000

Explore Glacier Symphony on Facebook and Instagram

Or visit them YouTube: UCfntGbUXyXQXeQf7rCL58yA

July 5 & 6: Symphony Night at the Farm An American Salute - an outdoor picnic

concert featuring the Glacier Symphony in two performances of the music of Copland along with Gershwin and favorites from the American songbook. Held on the rolling lawn of Rebecca Farm in the heart of the Flathead Valley, this event has become the best picnic concert of summer. Gates open at 5:30, concert at 7:30 pm. Entry by the carload. Details on the website

Buy tickets and learn more: 406-407-7000

Explore GS on YouTube: com/channel/UCfntGbUXyXQXeQf7rCL58yA Facebook and Instagram


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The Legend of Bigfoot… Primal Man, Myth or Beast? By Christine Hensleigh

Imagine the scenario: You’ve slipped away from civilization for a weekend away. You’re in your mountain retreat deep in the forest. Maybe it’s a faraway campsite high in the hills. Night sets in. Darkness settles. A branch cracks. You hear a strange noise. Was that a whistle? Did someone just throw a rock? If evidence of large footprints emerge around your site once daylight comes, then you’ve entered into the perfect trifecta for Bigfoot believers. If you’re a scientist, you’re probably skeptical of Bigfoot. But believe it or not, there is enough evidence of its existence for even scientists to consider. Footprints. Hair. Grainy photographs and film footage galore. Sir Edmund Hilary donated hair samples from his Himalayan treks when he famously went in search of Bigfoot’s snowbound relative, the Yeti. Whether you believe or not, science has a term for the hunt for unknown species: cryptozoology. Bigfoot, if proven, would be considered a crypto species. Wherever you fall on the spectrum of Bigfoot believer, the root of much of the debate lies in the question—is Bigfoot man or beast?


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Legend, Lore Or Early Humanoid

Our little intermountain area (Flathead and Glacier County) is ripe with sightings, encounters and full blown Bigfoot Festivals. Whether you’re a Bigfoot believer or a Sasquatch skeptic, the stories of an unknown mountain humanoid goes back into prehistory.

Ancient tales from Northwestern Native Americans and Canada’s First Nation Peoples (who coined the term “Sasq’ets”) describe a potentially hostile wild or hairy man that lurked near villages, stealing salmon and causing mischief. The creature’s whistle could confuse humans and cause them to be lost. Native stories place the creature more on the human side albeit with a darker twist, as if this Bigfoot was an early ancestor gone wild and bad. In 1865, an early white ethnographer documented native legends, capturing the legends in ink and adding a twist—now the stories included more than one hairy wild man, possibly a tribe of hairy

wildmen. That lore later took roots in 1974 in Washington, when a man that shot a Bigfoot like creature reported being visited that night by many Bigfoot like creatures that surrounded his cabin and threw rocks at the structure all night in retaliation.

The idea of a primitive man uncomfortably close to civilization surfaced in print in 1904, when stories circulated that Oregon settlers saw a ‘wildman’ in the area. In the early 1900s, newspaper articles from Western Canada record an incident where men from a train crew spotted a creature near the rails— more ape than human—running in the forests. Follow up stories speculate that it was an ape escaped from a ship from Africa. Be warned that this was also the era of a sort of tall tale journalism and ‘hoax stories’, when reporters competed in spinning taller tales to increase circulation and sell papers. Bigfoot followers became a bit more fervent in 1950s, when Bigfoot appears again as the

“People are really quiet about it because they don’t want to be teased,” McKenzie noted, “But Bigfoot stories are everywhere. In every state and country in the world. The Chinese even have a Bigfoot.” bad guy after local loggers blamed acts of vandalism on Bigfoot. In 1958, a reporter for the Northern California daily newspaper The Humboldt Times spun the yarn into a Sunday story, the tale traveled. Pop culture quickly picked it up when the television gameshow Truth or Consequences mentioned a $1,000 reward for information about Bigfoot and his whereabouts. Throughout the 60s and into the 70s, the creature made its way into paperback novels and adventure magazines—symbolic of some primal and dangerous.

This beastlike antagonist got a remake in the 80s, when the movie Harry and the Hendersons became a mainstream hit. With it, another version of Bigfoot emerged: intelligent, shy and potentially kind. A friend to animals and the environment, Bigfoot became a vegetarian defender of the wild. These days Bigfoot is as elusive as ever, with the weight of the evidence falling on the side of eyewitness accounts, large footprints and blurry photographs. That has not stopped a nationwide interest—Bigfoot festivals are everywhere, from North Carolina to Ohio, Washington to Minnesota. And yes, especially in Montana.

Locally, the Yaak Sasquatch Festival centers the Bigfoot universe. This third annual celebration occurs every June and starts with a 6K run that includes a man dressed in a Bigfoot costume with a head start, anyone who can catches up to the creature gets a special prize. After the race, the town divides into two unofficial camps: those who think Sasquatch is friendly go to the Yaak River Tavern & Mercantile and those who think Bigfoot would eat you go to the Dirty Shame Saloon. Various Bigfoot events ensue: hairy back and hairy leg contests, Bigfoot calling, and late into the night a Miss Sasquatch is crowned via a wet t-shirt contest. The Yaak Sasquatch Festival is June 22, 2019. If hairy backs and wet t-shirts aren’t your speed, one local author offer a safer and more solitary Bigfoot experience. Columbia Falls resident Nan McKenzie has penned two books on Bigfoot. Her kinder, gentler creature reminisces to King Kong and his defense of a damsel, except in this story the damsel defends Bigfoot against every Montanan’s favorite bad guy: the government. Based on her real experiences and a book tour that brought believers to her table to tell even more tales, McKenzie is a 100% believer in Bigfoot. Her telltale Bigfoot signs: large footprints and a horrible smell. “People are really quiet about it because they don’t want to be teased,” McKenzie noted, “But Bigfoot stories are everywhere. In every state and country in the world. The Chinese even have a Bigfoot.” Nan McKenzie’s books Bigfoot and Bigfoot Returns can be purchased on Amazon.


Christine Hensleigh is a full-time history buff and writer in Whitefish, MT. Christine's current online historical publication has history galore on the area and towns in between.

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review} 2012 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Short Nights of the Shadow Catcher: The Epic Life and Immortal Photographs of Edward Curtis

Timothy Egan Review by Susan Schnee, Voyageur Booksellers

New York Times Pulitzer Prize-winning writer Egan returns with the story of the astonishing life of Edward Sherriff Curtis (1868-1952), one of Seattle’s most remarkable-yet all but forgotten-residents. In the late 19th century Edward Curtis was the era’s reigning portrait photographer, so well respected that President Theodore Roosevelt chose him to photograph his daughter’s wedding. Then Curtis found his first Native American subject almost by accident. She was Angeline, the daughter of Chief Seattle, after whom the city was named. She was living in poverty and outside the law - Seattle had banned Native Americans from living inside its boundaries. “So Curtis finds this old, broken subject and he has her come back to the studio and he takes this extraordinary picture of her. The gaze, in the look of her face, you see something that just goes so far beyond a standard portrait picture.” Her portrait was the beginning of what Egan calls a “magnificent obsession” for Curtis: documenting the lives and traditions of Native Americans before they disappeared.  Two years later, on Mount Rainier Curtis rescued a group that included George Bird Grinnell and US Biological Survey Chief Clint Merriam.  This encounter determined Curtis’s path:  Merriam invited him on an Alaskan expedition in 1899 and the following year Grinnell asked him to photograph the Blackfeet in Montana. He spent the next three decades traveling from the Havasupai at the bottom of the Grand Canyon, to the


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Acoma on a high mesa in New Mexico, and to the Salish in the rugged Northwest rain forest, documenting the stories and rituals of more that eighty tribes. It took tremendous perseverance - ten years alone to persuade the Hopi to allow him into their Snake Dance ceremony. The undertaking changed him profoundly, from detached observer to outraged advocate. Eventually Curtis took more than 40,000 photographs, preserved 10,000 audio recordings, and is credited with making the first narrative documentary film, his recreation of Pacific Indian life in his 1914 film ”In the Land of the Head Hunters.”   And those pictures were an impressive technical feat.  Curtis was traveling through Hopi and Navajo land, crossing the wilds of the American west, the Rocky Mountains and Pacific Northwest, all while carrying unwieldy and fragile glass plate negatives. His most powerful backer was Theodore Roosevelt, and his patron was J.P. Morgan, who funded the fieldwork but not the photographer.  Morgan eventually took over the copyrights

and sold everything to a collector during the Depression for $1000. Despite the friends in high places, he was always broke and often disparaged, working seven days a week, neglecting his wife and family and incurring major debt. It took him 30 years to complete the 20-volume set.  Eventually he lost his studio and his copyrights. Egan is careful to credit Curtis’ team, several of whom endured all that he did, though gradually, he became the last man standing. He reproduced a number of the compelling photographs in the book. With a reporter’s eye for detail, Egan delivers a gracefully written biography and adventure story.

239 Central Ave Whitefish, MT 59937 406-862-9659

Going to the Sun Gallery Proudly Features

Helen Rietz

Helen Rietz is a Montana artist. She creates beautiful one of a kind watercolor paintings. She gains inspiration for her paintings from her love of America and love of history. She primarily paints scenery and icons of the disappearing west. Her paintings are richly detailed and realistic.

Helen will be our featured artist for Whitefish Gallery Nights. She will be putting on a show called The Barns Of Now And Then. This is a series of barns from western Montana. Please Join us to meet Helen Rietz and see her show!

Gallery Night May 2nd 6pm to 9pm

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406 Woman Vol.11 No.6 Business  

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