406 Woman Lifestyle Vol. 9 No. 6

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Come Discover Southside Consignment II

SouthsideConsignment & antiques

406contents Design 18. Bringing the Indoors Out Wright’s Furniture 24. Nature and Design in Harmony Sage


28. Get your sweat on! The Village Shop



32. Molly & Brock October 1, 2016


food & flavor 38. wine getaway Calistoga, California 42. Quiche 46. Good Libations Tour 48. Nuts, Neanderthals & Paleo Nutrition

Education 52. Critical Thinkers‌ Critical Thinking



Checking In

Cover Girl

w o m a n publisher

Cindy Gerrity


business manager Daley McDaniel


executive editor

Kristen Hamilton



Sara Joy Pinnell


Paige Splichal

Paige is a North Dakota native that fell in love with the beauty of the Flathead Valley and moved here two years ago. She’s regrown her successful cosmetology business as a hairstylist at Amore Salon and Spa. She enjoys staying busy with work and play, which has lead her to becoming a Beauty Entrepreneur with Limelight by Alcone and a fashion model for the public eye. Artistry is her passion, so expressing it through beauty and confidence is her true life's goal.

With talent and poise that follows,

she hopes to become a positive impact on the world and a role model to all.

T h a n k s t o P a tt i w i t h R e p e a t B o u t i q u e and Design for designing the set for cover shoot.


Daley McDaniel Photography Amanda Wilson Photography Alisia Dawn Photography Scott Wilson Photography Kelly Kirksey Photography Carrie Ann Photography Marianne Wiest Photography Noah Clayton Photography Danella Miller Photography

Photo By: Kelly Kirksey Photography ( w w w . k e l l y k i r k s e y ph o t o g r ap h y . c o m )

Business Girl

Published by Skirts Publishing six times a year 704 C East 13th St. #138 Whitefish, MT 59937 info@406woman.com Copyright©2017 Skirts Publishing

View current and past issues of 406 Woman at

w w w . 4 0 6 W o m a n . c o m

Want to know about great events, open houses, and more? Like us on Facebook at facebook.com/406 Woman

Alison Chopp

Alison is a Green Coffee Buyer for Montana Coffee Traders and has traveled great distances finding small family farms that grow and harvest the beans that are the first step in a process to get you a piping hot cup of delicious coffee.


Mary Wallace’s story about Alison and Montana Coffee Traders in our Business & Health section. Photo By: Amanda Wilson Photography ( w w w . a m a n d a w i l s o np h o t o s . c o m )

406 Woman is distributed in Bigfork, Columbia Falls, Kalispell, Missoula, Whitefish and every point in between. Check out www.406woman.com for our full distribution list. Have a great story idea or know someone that we should feature? Email us with your comments & suggestions. Interested in increasing your business and partnering with 406 Woman? Check out www.406woman.com.

Wow – it was a really long winter. That sentiment was heard from even those people that love snow and skiing. It is definitely time for spring! There is something about spring that really makes my heart sing. I love seeing the crocuses poking out of ground. I love seeing the newborn calves in the fields. I love the longer days and the fresh spring air. And…I love purging, getting rid of clutter, and spring-cleaning the house! Ok that last sentence not everyone will agree with but those who know me, know its true for me! Part of purging and spring-cleaning includes at least one trip to the dump…. it can be really horrible this time of year. Wet, muddy, stinky, and a real mess! When I take this annual pilgrimage, I’m always reminded why I personally recycle and why I’m so shocked that more of Montana doesn’t! I know many of you have visited Portland or Seattle in the past couple years and I don’t know about you but I always notice and I am always impressed with the dedication to recycling these large cities have. Including separate bins at homes and businesses for garbage, compost, and recyclable materials – they make it easy to recycle. I also always think if they can do it why don’t we do more in Montana. Shouldn’t a place like Montana be investing more in their environment and recycling more? Even if we aren’t mandated, we can do our part with a little effort. Get a few bins (heck even a box works) and start separating paper (newspaper, magazines, and phone books), cardboard (when flattened takes up very little room), plastic bottles, milk jugs, and cans. Personally, we have a bin for cans, plastic bottles and milk jugs then another for paper, cardboard and magazines. We make a weekly trip to Pacific Steel & Recycling in Kalispell with our trusty bins, go in the drive through and put items in the appropriate bins and drive off. It feels good and certainly can only help! Please consider giving it a try!

“Recycling turns things into other things. Which is like MAGIC.” Enjoy the spring showers!


What you’ll find in this issue


Some great ideas to help make your kids “Critical Thinkers” in Kristen Pulsifer’s story on page 52. What a Life Estate is and how it works for you and your family by reading Kelly O’Brien’s story in our Business & Health section on page 36.

Is mojo missing in your life? Read Susan Clarke’s story Mojo: Your Heart and Your Spark! on page 38 and rediscover your mojo!


Kari Gabriel…

Our Talented 406 Contributors C. Claude Basler, D.C.

Family chiropractor, allowing you to express your true potential

Erin Blair

Licensed esthetician and owner of Skin Therapy Studio

Cris Marie Campbell

Master certified Martha Beck coach and consultant, co-owner of Thrive! Inc.

Susan B Clarke

Faculty at The Haven Institute for 20 years and co-owner of Thrive! Inc.

Brian D’Ambrosio

Accomplished writer and newly published author of “Reservation Champ’

Jen Euell

Program Director for the Women’s Foundation of Montana

Kari Gabriel

Exec Dir or Flathead CARE plus wildlife rehabilitator and educator

Kalispell OB/GYN Doctors & Practitioners

Board certified OB/GYN professional offering expert advice

Marti Kurth

Public relations and marketing expert for organizations in the arts and music

Allison Linville

Community Relations Coordinator at North Valley Hospital

John Miller, DDS

Specializing in general dentistry, Dr Miller provides expert advice

Carole Morris

Instructional Specialist, Author and Adjunct Professor. The proud mom of two perfect children and grammie to three flawless grandchildren.

Kelly O’Brien, Esq.

Business law specialist with Measure Law Office, P.C.

Brianne B. Perleberg

Founder of I Want Her Job and Senior Consumer Marketing Manager at NASCAR track Phoenix International Raceway

Kristen Pulsifer

Writer, editor and owner of Whitefish Study Center

Karen Sanderson

Wine expert and owner of Brix Bottleshop in Kalispell

Lucy Smith

Executive Director of the Flathead Community Foundation, believes that everyday philanthropy is changing the world

Mary Wallace

Mother of three and grandmother to two, is still trying to figure out what she wants to be when she grows up..


For full bios for our contributors, please visit www.406woman.com.

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Director of Flathead CARE (10 yrs), City Councilor (12 years), Raptor Educator/Rehabilitator (Montana Bird Lady), Wine Educator/Sales Rep (Ginkgo Forest Winery)


in Kalispell with her husband Grif, their mini-Aussie Stout, and a very naughty cat named Luna

Notable Accomplishments: Training/handling 3 different bald eagles to the glove, traveling the country with a bald eagle & completing hundreds of raptor education programs with that bird and others, completed a Masters in Education in Technology, and an Accredited in Public Relations (APR) credential, being re-elected to city council 3 times.

My workweek always includes: returning so many emails and calls

My favorite outdoor activity is: Riding my horse Peggy Sue, playing with Stout, and working with birds of prey Every weekend you’ll find me trying to:

catch up with friends and home projects, and hosting wine tastings

When it comes to electronics, I can’t live without:

my iphone

My bucket list includes doing this in the next year:

seeing Elton John, and a hike/overnight to Granite Park or Sperry Chalet

Bringing the Indoors Out By Wright’s Furniture


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Designing Outdoor Spaces


Choose luxury outdoor furniture and fabric that reflects the style and color of the home’s interior Explore colors that work together to establish a smooth flow with a defining theme Use accessories to tie larger elements of the design together Extend the concept to include the garden or surrounding foliage, with both planters and fabric choices

Top Trends in Luxury Outdoor Furniture

Incorporate flexibility into outdoor spaces – for example, in using a variety of seating options such as intermixing benches, chairs, and lounges

Mixed Material Designs- Pairings such as wood and resin, wood and iron, or stainless

steel and teak are particularly popular. The rustic contemporary style, for example, combines modern seat materials and colors with the look of hand-hewn wood embellished by materials such as chicken wire, stone, or weathered metals. This trend allows for daring exploration and experimentation in the design of outdoor spaces, especially when addressing the challenge of deviations from precisely matching styles while maintaining a cohesive flow at the same time.

Modular Outdoor Suite- is another exterior design trend meant to combine quiet sophistication with a relaxed lifestyle. The suite typically is comprised of a doubleseater couch, slipper couch, coffee table, and standard ottoman. Multi-purpose bolsters are movable and can be used as pillows, armrests, or separators.

Outdoor daybeds – the perfect mini environment to nap, read, sunbathe, or meditate on nature’s wonders Rattan and Wicker – their versatility and natural appeal is a sought-after look, and they’re more durable than ever with advances in technology Multi-use furniture – from tables and benches with built-in storage to ottomans that also serve as side tables Sculpted armchairs – a functional art piece that’s a great accent and conversation starter

Outdoor Fabrics

Bringing the indoors out calls for the creation of harmony between interior and exterior spaces and between outdoor furnishings and their setting in the natural world. Fabric is a fantastic choice for enhancing and harmonizing natural surroundings. Take the following factors into consideration when making fabric selections:

UV exposure rating/fade-resistance Waterproof versus water resistance Resistance to mold and mildew Resistance to stains Cleanability/amount of maintenance required


The pictured outdoor collections as well as many other styles and combinations are available at Wright’s Furniture in Whitefish, MT. For more outdoor furniture information or to read the full article, “Bringing the Indoors Out” by Rob Robinson, visit www.summerclassics.com. 406

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201 Central ave. whitefish Montana 59937 - 406.862.3200 @thevillageshop_mt

Get your sweat on!

Whether you are working your core in pilates, finding your zen in yoga, stoked to pump some iron, or running on one of our fabulous local trail systems...The Village Shop has you covered. We carry a wide range of active wear and accessories perfect for those who love fashion and function. Keep us in mind next time you need some "gym-spiration". The Village Shop, downtown Whitefish. 406-862-3200

Above photos top from left to right:

ALO Yoga agate zip up hoodie, $118 Michael Stars tank top, stripe, $68 Black quilted trucker hat $16 Backpack purse $52 ALO Yoga high neck sports bra, $68 Frye, Ivy low lace, white $198 ALO Yoga agate mesh leggings, $122

Above photos from top center clockwise:


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Michael Stars ringer tee, white, $68 Sunglasses $18 ALO Yoga double layer sports bra, $58 ALO Yoga double layer shorts $68 Birkenstock Arizona, silver $95 ALO Yoga mat $48 ALO Yoga mesh leggings, $110 Save the Duck reversible lightweight coat, $209



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Molly&Brock October 1, 2016

Photographed by Marianne Wiest Photography

Who are you? Molly Bell and Brock Holzer from Billings, MT. Molly is a consultant and Brock operates a software company. We both love movies, food, and traveling.

knee. Molly was so excited that she jumped up and, in the process, knocked over a large glass of juice sitting on the coffee table.

We went to high school together at Billings West High School but were in different classes and, despite numerous mutual friends, did not meet each other until about five years after high school. We began by hanging out in large groups quite often and we liked each other but neither of us made a move until 2008. At a Roaring 20’s themed "Gangsters and Dames" party hosted by a mutual friend, Molly said to Brock, "You should ask me out sometime." The next day, Brock called her and they ended up going on a date.

curious about another human being.

How did you meet?

The Proposal?


On Christmas Eve of 2015, Brock had the ring disguised as a regular Christmas present. When she opened it, he got down on one

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What is love? Molly: Love is being constantly amazed and

Brock: Love is an abstruse combination of acceptance, trust, respect, and affection that is our purpose.

What do you love most about each other? Molly: I love Brock’s sense of humor. He cracks

me up. I love his compassion and warmth for others and how much he cares about his family and friends. He is extremely selfless. He is intelligent and driven. I love that we can talk to each other about anything and we have the best conversations. He and I routinely drive 16 hours round-trip from Billings to Whitefish and back

because my parents live there. We usually don’t even turn on the radio because we just talk to each other the entire time.

Brock: I love her smile, her patience, and her constant drive to continue learning and growing. She’s smart, she’s gorgeous, we have amazing conversations, and I feel like I’m falling in love all over again every day. When did you know you were in love? Molly: Before Brock and I first started dating;

I was accepted to graduate school in London. We had only been dating four months when it was time for me to leave for school. I hadn't anticipated meeting such a fantastic guy but I still wanted to pursue my education so we decided to try long distance. We talked every night. It was difficult to be apart, especially when we had only been dating a few months, but those long distance phone calls with no distractions provided us with an opportunity to really get to

love} stories



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love} stories

Molly wore her grandmother's wedding dress, which was made from her grandfather's World War II parachute. know each other. I remember I couldn't wait until he could come and visit. I know it sounds corny, but I knew I loved him when I saw him in the airport when he came to visit me in London for the first time. My graduate program only lasted a year so I came back to Billings after that.

Brock: Looking back, I knew it was something

special within the first few dates. We could discuss seemingly any topic in a way I had never experienced before. I didn’t want the night to ever end on our first date and that’s true to this day. Molly was planning on going to the London School of Economics to get her Master’s degree just a few months after we had started dating and it was important to me that she didn’t let our relationship change those plans. Long distance was difficult… but only because I missed her so much. We talked every night and, despite the distance, I felt closer to her more than ever as I geared up for my first trip out to see her since she had left for school. I knew for certain she was “the one” the second I saw her at Heathrow Airport in London… which, shockingly, I’ve recently learned was the same moment she realized she felt the same way.


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Fun facts Brock and I both wanted to be paleontologists when we were younger, we were both given our respective mothers' last name as our middle name, and both of our fathers are named Jack.

Wedding Details

Molly's parents live in Whitefish and Molly's family loves Glacier National Park so we wanted to have the wedding there. We had the ceremony at the Apgar Amphitheater on the shores of Lake McDonald in Glacier and the reception was at the Belton Chalet in West Glacier. Molly wore her grandmother's wedding dress, which was made from her grandfather's World War II parachute.

Her grandfather was a member of the 8th Air Force (established 22 February 1944). 8 AF was a United States Army Air Forces combat air force in the European Theater of World War II, engaging in operations primarily in the Northern Europe; carrying out strategic bombing of enemy targets in France, the Low countries, and Germany; and engaging in air-to-air fighter

combat against enemy aircraft until the German capitulation in May 1945. It was the largest of the deplo#yed combat Army Air Forces in numbers of personnel, aircraft, and equipment. Their groups had some of the highest casualty rates of any units in the war. NONE of the men who returned would ever talk to their families about what they had done or seen! Molly's grandparents are no longer with us, but we felt like they were there in spirit.

Wedding Vendors Photographer – Marianne Wiest Photography Flowers – Mum’s Flowers Caterer – Belton Chalet Cake – Pig and Olive Suits/Tuxes – Men’s Warehouse Hair Stylist – Christina Stevens Make Up – Angie Dowda Band – Mike Murray Band Honeymoon plans

We are still planning the specifics, but we have decided to spend our Honeymoon in Iceland this Spring.


Calistoga, California

Written by Karen Sanderson, Brix Bottleshop Photos courtesy of Karen Sanderson

2017 marks the 5th year of my heart and soul, Brix Bottleshop. It has been a fabulous journey, and getting here took many long hours and perseverance. We endured a few nail biting slow seasons in the beginning, but also gained a growing wine club and regular customer base at the same time. Fortunately, we now have reliable sales, an amazing staff, and are finally able enjoy one of greatest perks of the biz: wine travel.

When it came time to plan Spring Break this year, I had my heart set on two things: sunshine and relaxation. After five years of building a business, we deserved it, right?! Once California was decided, I realized this article would be due while we were away. That, dear friend, is how this month’s article was decided: the soothing hot springs of Calistoga.



getaway w

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I had been to Napa and Sonoma several times already. Some were hard core work trips and others were quick stops with friends and family. Calistoga was always one of those cute towns where we passed through but never lingered. Each time, someone would say, “Oh, you HAVE to stay here someday! This town is famous for their hot springs.” Back then, a resort weekend was just a mere dream as we power tasted at winery after winery. This time, our trip was 100% destination R&R. Now, I wasn’t the only one who needed a get away this year. My husband’s father passed last winter and his stepmother has been in a constant state of grief ever since. At 81, her heart and

body ached to the point of frequent doctor visits. We usually visit her in the Bay area once or twice a year, but she rarely got out. This time, we were determined to get her out of the house. When I suggested a girl’s spa trip her eyes instantly lit up. “Hot Springs? Vith my granddauchter? And my vine sipping dauchter in law? Of course!” she replied in a thick German accent. Mission accomplished!

Planning the Trip

Luckily, I still had a companion ticket on Alaska Airlines. Since we were going during my daughter’s Spring Break, we should have booked much earlier than we did. As a result, we booked the tickets a few days later and returned a few days after school started again. Regardless, Alaska Airlines is rated one of the best airlines in the world for a reason. They have one of the best mileage plans, best rates, and excellent service. Most of my travels are on Alaska because of all the mile points my business accumulates in dollars throughout the year. The flights from Glacier International go through Seattle, and some months of the year even go direct to SFO.



hotels with Hot Springs

Calistoga is famous for their therapeutic mineral hot springs and geo thermal pools. Some hotels offer chlorine pools, but they are not sourced from the springs. In Calistoga, you want mineral pools. Hot springs around the world have been used for centuries to cure a variety of maladies from arthritis to indigestion. Warm mineral waters are known to increase your circulation, metabolism, and absorption of essential minerals. These soaks could help treat chronic digestive diseases, diabetes, gout, and liver complaints. Studies have shown that soaking in the pools can literally “melts away stress” by alleviating strains on the endocrine system. Note, you may notice a smell of sulfur in the air, as sulfur is one of the most typical minerals. Calistoga, however, offers an unforgettable abundance of blooming flowers and eucalyptus, so you’ll be in a sea of heavenly scents almost year round. (Mud baths, however…that’s another story.)

Warm mineral waters are known to increase your circulation, metabolism, and absorption of essential minerals. When it comes to booking hotels, online is

the way to go. Here is a sampling of resorts where you will find those glorious mineral pools in Calistoga:

(We used Expedia.com, Hotels.com, and Travelocity.com for price shopping) 1. Solage Calistoga, direct $900, online $778 2. Indian Springs Resort & Spa, direct $440, online $386 3. Roman Spa Hot Springs, direct $300, online $240 4. Wilkerson’s Hot Springs, direct $260, online $220



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the Town

Bela Bakery: this spot on Main Street is a must visit. Enjoy your traditional French pastries such as chocolate eclairs and almond croissants at a poolside table in the morning before your swim. Soaking and swimming burns calories, so you’ll earn these treats! Evangeline Restaurant: This spot has a gorgeous patio made for your outdoor wine sipping and dining. They are just off Main, and have a great wine tasting room right next door. Obalisi Tasting Room: These folks are so friendly, they asked me to come in as I was walking by. Good thing I did, as they had the best pinot noir rosé I’ve tasted this year! They are located right next door to Evangeline.


Since this was a spa trip, I decided to only visit one winery. If you’re going to choose just one, better make it good! A Kalispell distributor helped me book an appointment with Schramsberg Vineyards for a trade tour. As you would expect, the property was gorgeous and the tour was very educational. After exploring their web of underground caves, they pulled out the good stuff for us to taste, and I ended up bringing home a non-distributed brut rosé. Some wineries accept walk-ins, but others like these are appointment only, so definitely check before you go. When it comes to tasting, my suggestion is to visit no more than 3 in one day so that you can relax and enjoy the experiences.


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When it comes to tasting, my suggestion is to visit no more than 3 in one day so that you can relax and enjoy the experiences. Was I worried about my shop while we were gone? Not at all. My store was in good hands. But what happened while I was away? A nasty blow of vandalism to our front window, a sick employee, and an important forgotten invoice! But after 7 days of observing a happy doting grandmother and 3 days of spa treatments, I had not a care in the world on the plane ride home. And that’s exactly what you can expect after a trip to Calistoga.



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By Carole Morris

Alas, how many years have I been in the dark about the origin of quiche? This is a pitifully sad state of affairs… as quiche is the only egg dish, in my opinion, worth eating. I always believed it originated in France and, as a result, embraced everything French when I made it. I felt inclined to speak with a French accent (to my family’s dismay) throughout dinner. Another tragedy—I can no longer say, “Parlez-vous Français?”


Even though

the word, quiche,

has a wonderful French flair it is from (drum roll,

please) the German word Kuchen, which means cake. So, while quiche (in today’s world) is a classic French

cuisine dish, it actually originated in Germany. Originally, the crust was made from bread dough (I’m

not a fan). Our recipe is made with a pie crust (and awesome).

Now, I am motivated to brush up on my German, so that I can irritate my friends and family the next time I make quiche. Guten Appetit, as they say in Germany!

Pastry for Crust INGREDIENTS

Preheat oven to 3500 1 ¼ cups all-purpose flour 1/2 tsp salt 1/3 cup shortening 4 tbsp. of water In medium bowl, mix together flour and salt. (Using pastry blender) mix in shortening until thoroughly blended. Sprinkle water over mixture, mix with a fork—roll into a ball. Flatten dough, on a lightly floured surface. Form a circle, approximately 12 inches in diameter. Lift pastry onto a 9 inch tart pan or pie plate. Trim edges to about ½ inch beyond edge of dish. Make a grooved or scalloped edge with fingers or fork. Poke holes in crust with a fork, in multiple places. Bake for 10 minutes before adding filling.

Smoked Salmon Quiche INGREDIENTS 4 eggs 1/4 c milk 1/2 c sour cream 1/2 tsp salt 1 tsp pepper 10 oz. smoked salmon (cut into pieces) 2 green onions chopped 6 ounces Swiss cheese Parsley


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Beat eggs, milk, and sour cream, salt, and pepper together. Place Swiss cheese on the bottom of partially cooked pie crust. Sprinkle green onions on top of the cheese. Cover with the egg mixture. Sprinkle smoked salmon on top of egg mixture.

Bake at 350⁰ uncovered, until center is set (about 30 minutes). Sprinkle with parsley, before serving. Allow to cool, approximately 10 minutes, before cutting.

food} Mushroom Quiche

Feta and Spinach Quiche

2 tbsp. butter

2 tbsp. butter


1 pound of mushrooms, sliced 1 tsp salt 1 tsp pepper 1/2 cup milk 1 cup sour cream 4 eggs 1 cup thinly sliced onion 1/4 tsp nutmeg


2 cloves of garlic, chopped 1 cup onion 1 tsp salt 1 tsp pepper 10 ounces of spinach, chopped 6 ounces of feta 4 eggs 1/2 cup milk

2 cups Gruyère cheese (grated)

1/2 cup heavy cream

Sauté mushrooms and onions in butter, until browned (approximately 10 minutes). Sprinkle Gruyère cheese onto bottom of partially cooked crust. Spoon the mushrooms and onions over the cheese, spreading evenly. Beat the eggs, milk, sour cream, salt, pepper, and nutmeg together until thoroughly mixed. Pour egg mixture over the mushrooms, onions and cheese. Bake at 350⁰ uncovered, until center is set (about 30 minutes).

Sauté garlic and onion in butter, until browned (approximately 5 minutes). Remove from heat and stir in spinach, feta, salt, and pepper. Beat the eggs, milk, and heavy cream together until thoroughly mixed. Stir in all other ingredients, except cheddar cheese. Pour egg mixture onto bottom of partially cooked crust. Sprinkle cheddar cheese on top. Bake at 350⁰ uncovered, until center is set (about 30 minutes).

1 cup cheddar cheese (shredded)



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Good Libations Tour Photos by Carrie Ann Photography

O'Brien Byrd, Columbia Falls serial entrepreneur, takes us on a cocktail tour worth pulling up a stool for!

Classic cocktails are making a comeback in a huge way. And we can't complain. Libations made with fresh ingredients, quality spirits and time tested techniques.

Second Up: Hornitos Reposado Tequila Bar Host : Vaqueros (formally Los Caporales), Columbia Falls, MT

The Story:

This year marks the 155th Anniversary of Cinco de Mayo, a bicultural celebration that has become synonymous with margaritas and cervezas. Cinco de Mayo is not Mexico's Independence Day; rather it commemorates the triumph of the Mexican Army Battle of Puebla with France on May 5, 1862. This victory occurred over 50 years after Mexico's Independence Day, which is celebrated on September 18th.

Tasting Notes: Resposado rests for two months in

large oak vats to ensure minimal contact with the wood, giving it a livelier agave taste than most wood-treated tequilas. It's light in color with a floral-vanilla scent and has a distinct, smoky finish.

The Recipe: 1 ½-parts Harnitos Reposado Tequila, 1

½-parts Agave syrup, 3-parts fresh squeezed lime juice. Combine all ingredients in a shaker. Shake and pour into a salt rimmed glass with a lime garnish. “Disfruta de mis amigos!” (i.e. “Enjoy, my friends!”). The Sponsors: O’Brien’s Liquor & Glacier Distillery


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Nuts, Neanderthals & Paleo Nutrition By Dr Austine Siomos

Spring is here! One of the many joys of living here is the anticipation of change. Watching snow fall this winter, I was overjoyed by the beauty and peacefulness of this valley. Around early March I will admit to daydreaming about sitting on the porch with neighbors, playing with the kids in the grass and heading outside with fewer layers. Speaking of grass and the outdoors, my focus of this article is on hunter-gatherer lifestyles and the nutrition involved in these. I have frequent conversations with patients and families about nutrition. One of the most common diets I am asked about is the Paleo diet. Because of these questions, a few years ago I became more curious about this, and realized I should become more educated on the history of this diet and the recommendations of the diet. I will start by saying that in general I usually avoid the word “diet,� as for many it implies calorie restriction or fad eating plans. Rather, I try to talk about lifestyles.

The general theory behind the Paleo lifestyle is that our ancestors were hunter-gatherers, that humans today are genetically similar to those ancestors, and that our general health would be optimal if we eat what they ate. It is important to note that this is a nutritional theory, and has not been proven. The Paleolithic age in history began with the first stone tools, about 2.6 million years ago, and ended when humans began to settle in farms and villages, about 10,000 years ago. That is an incredibly long amount of time! The species of humans that dominated during Paleolithic times were Homo


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habilis, Homo erectus and Neanderthals. The Neanderthals were most closely related genetically to modern humans. Neanderthals also lived the most recently, and thus scientists have been able to study them and determine what they actually ate. Just like in modern times, scientists have found that the food that our ancestors ate varied widely depending on location and time of year. For instance, studies of fossils suggest that Neanderthals in Belgium ate mushrooms, rhinoceroses and sheep. Neanderthals in Spain did not seem to eat any meat. Their diet consisted mostly of nuts, moss and mushrooms. Hunter-gatherers would have eaten whatever they could find, and whatever would not be likely to poison them or to eat them first. The animals and plants were different 10,000 to 2.5 million years ago, and thus the diet of our ancestors would be technically difficult to replicate today. In general the vegetables and fruits were smaller and tougher, the meat was leaner, there were few grains or legumes available, and dairy was not an option except for nursing babies. Scientists have also studied the diets of modern hunter-gatherer cultures, such as the Aeta people in the Philippines, the Batek community in Malaysia, the Hadza people in Tanzania and the Inuit people in Canada, Labrador and Greenland. As you may imagine, just like 10,000 years ago, the diets of modern hunter-gatherers vary widely depending on the climate, the season and what is available.

So, with all this historical knowledge and current hunter-gatherer research, how does the Paleo lifestyle work? The modern Paleo lifestyle promotes vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds, lean meats and seafood. The lifestyle suggests avoidance of processed food and added sugars, dairy, grains, legumes and alcohol. The thought is that we evolved over a few million years to eat mostly whole unprocessed foods, and that we have only been farming for a few thousand years. The modern Paleo lifestyle does not likely closely resemble a true Paleolithic lifestyle. To replicate the way people ate 10,000 to 2.5 million years ago would be impossible, as almost all of the food has changed. To truly hunt and gather all our food would also be a full time job, which for most is not feasible. It would also involve a lot of tough tubers that would take hours to chew, and would include bugs, frogs, small birds, organ meats and bone marrow. So with all this information, bringing it back to the clinic and to my patients and families, what is my recommendation involving the Paleo lifestyle? This way of eating, if followed correctly, has significant benefits when compared to the standard American diet. Most importantly, the avoidance of processed foods and added sugars is wonderful. Avoiding grains also eliminates many processed foods. There is evidence that a paleo lifestyle can be an effective treatment for autoimmune diseases, allergies, asthma and rheumatologic diseases; and can result in better energy.


family} I do recommend to patients that they read about the Paleo lifestyle and understand the recommendations. There are some who mistake this way of eating as a carnivorous lifestyle. As reviewed above, hunter-gatherer lifestyles in history and in modern times vary widely in sources of protein and prominence of plants versus animal products. A person can in fact be a vegetarian and eat a Paleo diet, like the Spanish Neanderthals! This brings me to the star of the article, nuts. The botanical definition of a nut is a simple dry fruit with one seed in which the ovary wall becomes hard at maturity. The most popular edible tree nuts are almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts and pistachios. Other common edible nuts are pine nuts, cashews, pecans, macadamias and Brazil nuts. Peanuts are botanically legumes (see my article from February/ March!), but are often included in the culinary nut group. Nuts are nutritional powerhouses, and have been eaten by humans and our ancestors for millions of years. They are versatile, and can be elegant or rugged, depending on the situation and recipe. They are excellent sources of protein, fiber and healthy fats (unsaturated fats, linoleic acid and omega-3 fatty acid). Nuts also contain sizeable amounts of folate and antioxidants. They are also simply delicious.

Heart health: Four large studies in the United

States have reported a beneficial effect of nut consumption on coronary artery disease. These studies include the Adventist Health Study, the Iowa Women’s Health Study, the Nurses’ Health Study and the Physicians’ Health Study. These studies all show that the more nuts people eat, the lower their chance of coronary artery disease and cardiac death.

Inflammation: Nuts have been found to decrease

inflammatory markers in the body. Walnuts especially have the highest level of ALA (alphaLinolenic acid), which is described as one of the most anti-inflammatory fatty acids.

Live longer: A British study published in 2016 in

BMC Medicine showed that eating a handful of nuts per day was linked to a 15 percent reduction in cancer and a 22 percent reduction in premature death.

Healthy weight: A study of 9,000 adults in Spain

demonstrated significantly less weight gain over time in those who regularly ate nuts. The Nurses’ Health Study followed 51,000 nurses for 8 years and showed similar findings of less weight gain in those who ate nuts more than twice a week.

These are lovely, flavorful pancakes that smell wonderful. They are nut-based and thus provide more lasting energy and protein.


· 1 cup almond flour (made at home by food processing blanched almonds, or bought at the store) · 1 cup pancake mix of the chef’s choice (gluten free, paleo or other, depending on your preference) · 1 1/2 – 2 cups milk (dairy or nondairy milk) · 1 tsp vanilla extract · 1 tsp cinnamon · one egg (or egg substitute such as a flax egg, if preferred) · 1 tbsp oil or olive oil · fruit and nuts for topping


1. Sift together the almond flour and pancake mix

2. Add 1 1/2 cups of milk. Keep ½ cup of milk to add at the end if the consistency is too thick

Health benefits of nuts Smarter snacking: A recent study from the

NHANES (National Health and Examination Survey) database of over 17,000 children and adults assessed the effect of replacing typical processed snacks with tree nuts or almonds. This resulted in diets with increased fiber, magnesium and potassium and with fewer empty calories, fewer added sugars and lower sodium.


3. Add the vanilla, cinnamon, egg and oil and mix only until combined Dr Austine Siomos I am a pediatric cardiologist. I trained first to become a pediatrician and then specialized in the study of pediatric hearts. I see children from before they are born until they are ready to see an adult cardiologist. I am passionate about the health of all children and families. My goal for all children is to promote healthy habits and avoidance of those types of heart disease that are generally considered to be adult problems.

4. Add extra milk if you desire thinner pancakes

5. Lightly grease a pan or pancake griddle and cook the pancakes

6. Top with fruit and nuts 7. Enjoy!



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Copperleaf Chocolat


239 Central Ave. Whitefish Mt. 406-862-9659

Things We Love locally made artisan chocolates, chocolate bars from around the world, time tested books & leather bound journals.


“Critical Thinkers… Critical Thinking” By Kristen Pulsifer

Every spring, I reflect on each of the students I have worked with throughout the school year. I try to summarize their progress, and think about what things they can continue to work on over the summer and into the next school year. This spring, there was a common conclusion that I came to- each student needed to learn how to think more independently and critically about material they were being taught. Isn’t that one of the most important foundations we try to teach our kids? When students tutor with me, I often spend time helping them on their homework and the skills they need to complete their work and successfully LEARN the material. While we work through assignments, I try to not only help them complete that assignment, but also figure out ways to better complete all future assignments as well. Too many students hurry through with the simple objective of just finishing their homework. They review a study guide, look up the answers in their text, COPY the answer out of the book and move on. Then, when it comes time for the test, they are surprised that they do not remember the material, and they feel like they have to learn it all over again (or for the first time) for the test. They begin to stress, and feel like they are cramming. They feel like they are cramming because essentially they are. Students may have attended every class, taken notes and done every assignment, but they didn’t actually learn the material. They were simply copying down what the teacher was saying in class, word for word, and then copying the answers out of their textbooks, word for word; but that’s simply COPYING, not learning. Learning takes time. And, these days that does not seem to be something that our kids either have or want to take. We are all rushing and expecting instant gratification. Cell phones, iPads, and fast moving computers, while wonderful resources, are instant gratification. That’s what kids are accustomed to. I am just as guilty as anyone of depending on the speed of current technology; yet, I am desperately trying to slow down! Kids will benefit from having parents, and teachers, slow down and take the time to educate them on how to study, comprehend, learn (not memorize) and retain information. It’s important to teach students that they should not be simply studying for the test, but they should be studying for the class. Learning is not instant. I try to teach students that if they think for themselves, interpret what they learn and then explain it in their own words, that they will actually understand and therefore remember the material.


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Then, come test time, studying will be a breeze- or at least a little ‘breezier’. Homework may take a bit more time, but the actual ‘study for the test’ process will not. It will be more efficient and less stressful. And, by truly working to understand the material while doing homework, students will discover, on their own, what material they do not understand and will inevitably, have time, before a quiz or test, to ask questions. They won’t realize when it is too late to seek help, that they are confused about either a concept or a lesson.


Work on this idea with your own kids/students. While doing homework push the idea of phrasing responses to questions in their own words. Remind them to not simply copy their answers but actually explain them. If homework time is a taboo time to do this, which it often is in many homes, do it on the sly. Ask kids about their day and have them explain things. Ask questions about what they are describing and also force them to delve deeper when discussing things they are interested in. For example, ask them about either a soccer practice or a karate session. Maybe they learned something technical in a dance class. Whatever the interest, force them to talk about it and teach it to you. This by itself, may not ‘get the A’ on the next chemistry test, but it will show them how much they truly know and how well they can explain ideas on their own. Go a step deeper - Ask them about what they learned in a class that they enjoy. Have them teach you about either a problem in math or a war they have just studied in history. If

they don’t remember all of the answers, simply lead them to the answer with questions. Don’t always supply the answer.

More forward tactics – just tell your kids to get crackin’! When they say they have no homework, suggest going over notes from class and putting them into their own words. They can annotate their own notes. When helping them with study guide questions on any subject, remind them to explain things in their own way and to not simply copy answers in a hurried fashion. It’s hard to do. Kids take on so much and do not always have the time to slow down. We all tend to put things off until we absolutely have to do them, or study them, because other ‘stuff’ must be prioritized. But, do what you can. That’s all we can ever do, right? Also, remind your kids/students that they are smart and articulate. Remind them that textbooks can be lackluster, and concepts and explanations sound so much more interesting coming from them in their own voice. Critical, thoughtful thinkers- that’s what we want – that’s what we all actually are… sometimes we just need to be reminded and prompted.

Going to the Sun Gallery is pleased to present 4 distinguished artists for Gallery nights in May and June 2017. Whitefish Artist Tim Wold and Kalispell Artist Mike Naranjo for Thursday, May 4, 2017.

Tim Wold Wanda Mumm oil painter from Eureka Montana and Helen Rietz water color artist from Helena Montana for Thursday June 1, 2017 Gallery nights.

Mike Naranjo

Helen Rietz

Wanda Mumm

Come join us for Music, Wine and Cheese, and of course Beautiful Art!​

406 contents featured

8. Montana Coffee Traders from crop to cup

406 men

24. Cairo and Officer Parce

profiles 18. Stacy McGough The Next Generation 28. Perfect Cuts Mother/Daughter Dynamic Duo


32. Mollie Busby Yoga Hive


22. Halt Cancer at X 38. Mojo Your Heart and Your Spark!


36. What is a Life Estate? Effective Use of a Life Estate in Planning

40. Understanding & Treating Infertility


42. ATSC: Swimming Pools

14. BOYS & GIRLS Club of Glacier Country

44. Postpartum Depression It’s Okay to Talk about It 48. How Do You Express Stress? 50. 5 Things You Need To Know Before You Take Pilates Classes 52. Accidental Poisoning 54. To Heal or Not to Heal

56. CarePortal Help and Hope to Montana Families 58. Care in the Air A.L.E.R.T. 60. Next Chapter in the Legacy Community Foundation

Published by Skirts Publishing six times a year


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704 C East 13th St. #138 Whitefish, MT 59937 info@406woman.com Copyright©2017 Skirts Publishing

View current and past issues of 406 Woman at w w w . 4 0 6 W o m a n . c o m


from crop to cup

Montana Coffee Traders

Did you grab a fresh cup of coffee before you sat down to thumb through this latest issue of 406 WOMAN? Â Â Ever think about your favorite coffee and how it gets here?


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By Mary Wallace

According to the Oxford dictionary, “Coffee is a hot drink made from the roasted and ground bean-like seeds of a tropical arabica shrub.”

Photo by Amanda Wilson Photography

But coffee is a lot of things. Coffee is a stimulant. Coffee is a social activity. Coffee is a ritual. Coffee is bad for you. Coffee is good for you. For me, coffee is a pleasure.

For Alison Chopp, COFFEE IS PEOPLE. I was surprised to discover that between the coffee crop to the coffee cup, there are hundreds of people involved - the growers, the harvesters, the sorters, the production team, the brokers, the buyers, the roasters, and finally, the barista. Before I met Montana Coffee Trader’s green coffee buyer, Alison Chopp, most of my knowledge of where coffee comes from and how it is processed consisted of a nostalgic vision of an iconic man named Juan Valdez, who promoted only 100% Colombian coffee from the 1950’s into the late 1990’s and was often seen with his donkey, Conchita, who carried bags of his hand picked coffee berries down from the mountains of Colombia.

Actually, according to Alison, Juan Valdez is not that far off the mark, even in today’s coffee world. Coffee still requires nearly the same processes as it always has - It must be hand-harvested, hand-sorted, washed, sun-dried, and roasted to perfection.

Montana Coffee Traders’ coffee is mostly grown on small family farms in the mountains of Central and South America, East Africa, and Indonesia predominantly. The Montana Coffee Traders Green Buyers’ team actually has developed direct personal relationships with some of the families that produce their beans. Their love of coffee has brought them together in a cherished friendship. Most of the families are small producers; working plots of two hectares or so. Coffee growers face a lot of challenges - Weather, drought, winds, plant disease, and political instability all can affect the crop from season to season. Coffee Federations and Growers Groups allow all of the growers to pool their resources to obtain the support they need to work around the challenges each season brings, and to obtain & keep the equipment and employees they need

to follow the best coffee producing practices in their growing & processing operations. The Coffee Federation also helps market the coffee crops, and provides research and recommendations for managing sustainable crops. (For instance, soil research or discovering biological tools to fight disease - such as a species of wasps to help combat a colorful fungus disease that could devastate a crop in a flash). In some cases, this involves creating a gated community, like Finca Arbelia in Guatemala - complete with a market, school, and medical care - where the workers can safely reside, work, shop, and enjoy a peaceful & productive existence with their family.

Alison - sometimes solo or travelling with other coworkers or coffee enthusiasts - may make a couple of trips each year to various places in coffee growing regions. They meet with not only the farmers & their families, but other individuals in the coffee supply chain to further experience the culture, festivals, and local customs during organized cupping events, crop tours, and visits to local processing mills.


While most coffee variety trees can live up to 60 or more years, it can take up to 3-4 years for a newly planted coffee plant to reach maturity and begin bearing fruit.

Most coffee is shade-grown, so there is usually a co-existing crop of banana trees or citrus trees to



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Montana Coffee Traders

provide not only additional income for the family, but the vital shade needed to produce the best coffee. Sustainability has become a common practice and nearly everything from the harvested crop is used - the water from the processing plant is recycled in the community, organic waste and coffee pulp is used to produce organic fertilizers, and plant fibers and bean shells are sent to a local paper-making collective.

Coffee is not always the most stable crop and conditions can make or break the coffee harvest. Weather, soil, compost, disease, and climate change, are all factors.

Coffee Traders beans are harvested by hand, washed in pools (most often on the mountain near where they were picked) and spread to dry in the sun & air for a number of weeks. Then the beans are sorted by size/color and bagged for shipping to the U.S., eventually making their way to the Coffee Traders Roastery in Whitefish, MT. It is no mistake that Coffee Traders beans are roasted at an elevation of 3000’ - approximately the same elevation as it is where the beans are grown.

Montana Coffee Traders uses small-batch, air bed roasting to highlight the flavor of their Arabica beans. Air bed roasting achieves consistent roast temperatures without the beans coming into direct contact with a heating element.


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As the green beans roast, the interior cell structure starts to break down, releasing aromatic oils and other flavors. These flavors gradually develop as the beans are roasted. Simply stated, the roasting process changes the composition of the natural sugars in the bean. The longer the beans are in the roaster, the darker they get and the more

“caramelized” the natural sugars become. Light roast, medium, dark roast, and Italian roasts are the result of each of these stages.

It is a fine science to bring out the peak personality in each batch of beans, and the Coffee Traders talented roasting team will experiment with up to 12 lbs. at a time. Once they have perfected they will roast in batches from 30 to 65 pounds.

COFFEE ORIGINS: Seriously, who was the first human who said, “I think I’ll just pick some of these seeds off this bush, dry them in the sun, throw them in the fire until they are burnt, grind them up, and then mix them into a pot of boiling water to make a tasty drink”? There are various legends about how humans discovered coffee. The most popular theory is that it was a 9th century Ethiopian goat herder who first made such a concoction from coffee beans, after noticing that his goats had more energy after eating coffee berries.

The English word for coffee originates from the Arabic word ‘kaweh’, which means strength or vigor. Today, coffee is one of the world’s most consumed beverages, (second only to water) and coffee is the second most traded commodity in the world (oil is #1).


Montana Coffee Trader’s began in 1981 after RC Beall began experimenting with roasting coffee beans in his hot air popcorn popper in a farmhouse in Whitefish. He started working with different types and sources of beans, and being the visionary that he is, decided that he needed to start bringing great coffee to the Flathead Valley.

RC found a cooperative growing coffee in Costa Rica and began working with the farmers to help them offer sustainable coffee to his company. Coffee Traders grew from the original roastery in the farmhouse on Hwy 93 just south of Whitefish,

to the Montana Coffee Traders cafes - in Kalispell, Columbia Falls, and Whitefish. While each location is decidedly unique, there is a coffee culture at Coffee Traders that is the same valley wide, and it is apparent in the enthusiasm, pride, and friendliness at each shop.

Thanks in part to RC Beall’s unfiltered vision in 1989, Montana Coffee Traders built a relationship with a growers cooperative in Monteverde, Costa Rica with the goal of using proceeds from the sale of the coffee to help benefit the community where coffee was grown. Since then Montana Coffee Traders has established several partnerships with other organizations who are doing work on a variety of social, environmental, and educational levels. The results are the Grizzly Blend that supports Vital Ground, the Trailblazer Blend that supports the Glacier Park Trail System, the Shepard’s Hand Blend, the Abbie Shelter Blend, and the MPR and YPR blends supporting Montana public radio. A percentage of annual sales from these blends go back to the sponsoring organization. Montana Coffee Traders employs over 100 people valley wide. There is also a Montana Coffee Traders central kitchen location that supplies sweet & savory baked goods to all of the Coffee Traders locations. Coffee Traders also supplies equipment and coffee blends to a number of hotels, restaurants, and drive thru coffee kiosks around the valley and the state.

Coffee Traders offers tours of the Roastery every Friday at 10:00 am, as well as several events throughout the year. One such event, taking place monthly, is Public Cupping at the Bohemian Hall. Attendees can learn a bit about particular roasts, and the different tastes and aromas that coffee has to offer. Word on the street is that there will soon be a brand NEW Coffee Traders location on Main Street in Kalispell this summer. Watch for opening details. In true RC Beall philosophy, Coffee Trader’s mission statement reads: MONTANA COFFEE TRADERS IS DEDICATED TO BEING A POSITIVE PART OF PEOPLE'S EVERYDAY LIVES. Indeed - they certainly are! Find them on FB, Instagram, and at www.coffeetraders.com.


Investing in our Youth BOYS & GIRLS Club of Glacier Country By Cindy Hooker Photo by Carrie Ann Photography

Boys & Girls Clubs of America has humble beginnings. It began with three women in Hartford, Connecticut in 1860 who wanted to provide a positive alternative to the young boys who roamed the streets. With their efforts, the Boys Club was born. In 1990 the name was changed to Boys & Girls Clubs of America because the organization recognized that young girls were also a part of their cause. Today, across the nation, Boys and Girls Clubs serve over 4 million children and teens in over 4,000 Clubs.


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The mission of the Club is “To enable all young people, especially those who need us most, to reach their full potential as productive, caring, responsible citizens”. We do that by providing programming in five core areas: Character & Leadership, Health & Life Skills, Education & Career, the Arts, and Sports/Fitness/Recreation.

Tucked away in the Appalachian Mountains, in the southeast corner of the state of Tennessee that borders Georgia and North Carolina, I had the privilege of starting a Boys & Girls Club in Benton. The county my family and I lived in was Polk, a very rural and impoverished county with a population of more than 16,000. Being involved in everything my children did from school parties to every ball practice that existed, I saw that there were many children who did not have someone cheering for them as they were up to bat or had someone join them for Thanksgiving dinner at school. As I watched these children

and listened to them talk with one another year after year I realized that many youth in our community were at-risk. It was imperative that we had a place for our kids to go after school, a place where they would always feel included, where they would learn how to be successful and would always feel loved and appreciated, a place that would provide a moral compass in which many were lacking. We started that place in November 2007. Eventually we built a new facility and the organization has continued to grow extensively. My husband had allowed me to pursue my dream in starting that Club and now it was time for me to allow him his. I had accomplished all I set out to do in starting and establishing the Club and felt confident that it was someone else’s turn to take it in a new direction, someone with a new vision. My husband had always wanted to move out West and once we hiked the Highline Trail

Pictured left to right: Noreen Cady, Josh Kroll, Angie Meehan, Cindy Hooker


Boys & Girls Club

With the support of generous community partners such as Park Side Credit Union, we are building something new at the Boys & Girls Club of Glacier Country, something that has the potential to change lives and eventually change the communities in which our sites are located in Evergreen and Columbia Falls and hopefully other locations in our Valley in the future. in Glacier National Park we were hooked, this would be our new home.

January 1, 2015 we arrived in Columbia Falls along with a snowstorm that we rode in from South Dakota. With four feet of snow covering our vehicles, this small town southern girl admittedly was questioning this decision. After taking a deep breath, the longer we were here the more we realized we had made a great decision in calling this place home. Our son is attending Montana Tech and I am once again back where I belong and loving what I do in serving youth at The Boys & Girls Club of Glacier Country.

As this new opportunity with Boys & Girls Club has been proven very challenging I wonder if my challenge of starting and building a Club in the past was all a part of preparing me for this moment. Daily, I am made aware of why I love to work at the Club. It is the stories of the kids and their families and their need for a place to go, a place to belong and be accepted, and a place that will provide that moral compass. With the support of generous community partners such as Park Side Credit Union, we are building something new at the Boys & Girls Club of Glacier Country, something that has the potential to change lives and eventually change the communities in which our sites are located in Evergreen and Columbia Falls and hopefully other locations in our Valley in the future. We are building opportunities and providing hope for the future. We provide that safe, positive and fun place for youth ages 6-18 to go after school and during the summer so that hard working parents do not have to worry about where their children are or what mischief they may be getting into. However, there are some children who need more than just a safe place to go and learn. “Lydia” is in the first grade. She has been

sexually abused, is daily exposed to drug use and is neglected physically and emotionally. With all she has seen and experienced in her young life we could safely assume that her chances of becoming a drug or alcohol user before she is out of high school is a strong possibility. It would also be safe to assume that she will become a teen mother, will not graduate from high school and will continue to live within the welfare system in the same neighborhood she does now. Her path is chosen before she is out of elementary school because she is part of a generational occurrence of poverty. But, if “Lydia” continues to attend the Club she will learn through our SMART Moves program what drugs and alcohol can do to her mind and her body and she will choose not to be a user. She will learn through our SMART Girls program that as a young woman she is capable of accomplishing anything. We will teach her how to become empowered as a young woman and we will provide her with mentors to show her what strong, independent and successful women look like. She will have a plan to graduate high school on time because she will participate in our Diploma 2 Degrees program. We will ensure she has a plan for her future after high school by being involved in our CareerLaunch program. As long as the Boys & Girls Club of Glacier Country can provide the programming and support our youth need, “Lydia” and other children like her, have the hope of changing their path. We are thankful for local businesses like Park Side Credit Union that have been funding our mission for years and in order to be successful we need your help also. As a nonprofit organization we need your monetary donations. We also need strong leaders to be a part of our board of directors. Commit a year, just one year of dedicated service to building this organization and being a part of Club that is responsible for changing lives. I know from experience that there is no better feeling than knowing that you made a difference in the life of a child. If you would like to contribute in anyway please feel free to contact me anytime by email chooker@bgcglacier.org or by cell phone, 406-897-3343.



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Stacy McGough

The Next Generation of McGough & Company By Mary Wallace Photos by Danella Miller Photography

On March 4, 2017, at 131 Central Avenue in Whitefish, a lovely time was had by all. A milestone was reached and a torch was passed. It was a bittersweet goodbye and a celebratory send off for the nicest couple one might ever meet in the jewelry business. After 30 years Sam & Donna McGough, with their hearts full, sailed off into retirement, leaving their acclaimed McGough & Company in the capable hands of their daughter Stacey. What now? Keep calm & sparkle on. Stacey McGough has plans to keep all of the tradition, quality product, and customer care her parents have lovingly shared in the community for the past 30 years, and also improve on it with her own special touches.

jewelry lines and gemstones, the times just before the summer season and just before the holiday season (when they get to open deliveries of all the new gemstones and new styles), and mostly her talented & dedicated staff at the store - Brandy, Sue, & Ashley.

I met with Stacey to talk about what lies ahead for McGough & Company.

On the other hand, they are also excited to offer some fresh new jewelry lines alongside their standard favorites, a new computerized program that will allow them to sit down with a customer to design custom pieces, and enhanced customer service. They have also spent some time brainstorming some new marketing designs, special events, and other plans in the works.

Stacey wryly shared how she never really meant to get involved in the jewelry business. When she moved back to the valley in December 1990, it was with a strong desire NOT to work for her parents. She was looking to be strong and independent, and besides, she was not at all convinced it would be easy to get along with her strong-willed father. While she was looking for a suitable job, the Kalispell store had a sudden need for an employee and her dad convinced to fill the gap. Stacey reluctantly agreed, “Just until I find something else,” she told him. So here she is, 26 years later, ready to take the reins and carry on the family legacy.


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Stacey enthusiastically shared all of the things that she has always loved about working at the store - the loyal following of customers, the oman.com

Stacey & her staff are excited to begin their new endeavor with such a strong history and assured me that some things will never change at McGough & Co. The quality and value they offer their customers will never change. They will always have the best selection in the valley. They will continue to offer their popular jewelry lines and create custom pieces for their customers.

Stacey, as a Gemology Institute of America Certified Gemologist, is qualified to identify and grade diamonds and gemstones, and to appraise

them for value and for insurance purposes. But jewelry is not only about bling & fashion, she says. Jewelry is sentimental, it is romantic, and it can be an emotional purchase. Jewelry can be a lifelong gift, a timeless treasure, and often becomes a family heirloom.

Jewelry preferences can be a very personal choice and McGough & Company strives to have a selection of jewelry that will lend itself to the lifestyle of all kinds of customers. For some, that might be simple pendant necklace or five dollar earrings and for others it might be diamonds and pearls worth thousands. One customer might want a serviceable, well-made watch and another might want an elegant, top-of-the-line timepiece. “I wish we could videotape a man shopping in the store for the most perfect present for his loved one. They put so much thought & care into it!” says Stacey. “He may still go home and somewhat nonchalantly present his gift to his wife or girlfriend. She may never know the love & sincerity he’s put into it, and we feel so honored that he trusts us to share his hopes and feelings over whatever the special occasion prompted this special purchase.”

Jewelry is sentimental, it is romantic, and it can be an emotional purchase. Jewelry can be a lifelong gift, a timeless treasure, and often becomes a family heirloom. profile}

Stacy McGough

Stacey loves that her customers often become friends. They come to care about each other’s families and safely share not only all the problems, but also all the reasons to celebrate. Stacey has two children - Andrea, (who often models for McGough & Co. advertising) is studying sociology and psychology with a minor in criminology at Montana State University, and Hunter, who is studying business & entrepreneurship and participates in collegiate ski & snowboard events at Sierra Nevada College. Since finding herself an empty nester, taking over the jewelry store added to Stacey’s sense of purpose. In her limited spare time, she serves on the Advisory Board of the Sparrow’s Nest, which provides housing and resources for local homeless high school youth. She enjoys the outdoors and loves to hike in Glacier Park. On her long term bucket list are travels to Machu Picchu to hike the Inca Trail and to volunteer for school and church building projects in impoverished countries.

But for now, Stacey is enjoying the new journey she has embarked upon. And at the end of the day, she hopes their customers leave the store feeling happy, feeling that they’ve been treated kindly and warmly, and feeling that they’ve found the perfect gift or purchase. Here’s to the next generation at McGough & Co.!



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Halt Cancer at X awards $70,000 to national breast cancer research Funds will help find new therapeutic methods for those with cancer


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By Josh Galassi Photography by Noah Clayton


It is estimated that one in eight women in the United States will develop invasive breast cancer over the course of her lifetime. One Montana-based organization, Halt Cancer at X, is determined to change that statistic. Launched in 2012, Halt Cancer at X is an initiative that funds breast cancer research and support services. Over the years, the organization has contributed more than a quarter of a million dollars to various cancer-halting causes, and this year, it continues that tradition: Halt Cancer at X today announced the national recipients for their 2016-2017 Halt Cancer at X Community Grants, totaling $70,000.

Funds for this year were raised at The 2016 Event at Rebecca Farm, a community-driven event that is also considered one of the largest equestrian triathlons in North America. “This year, as in other years, we are honored to support breast cancer programs and studies,” remarks Halt Cancer at X founder, Sarah Broussard. “We are particularly excited this year to support some innovative research that showcases the progress being made in the field of breast cancer.” First-time recipient, Dr. Robert Mutter, M.D. from the Mayo Clinic was awarded the largest grant at $50,000. The grant will allow Dr. Mutter to research and develop new combination therapies for those affected by Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC).


Halt Cancer at X

“We look forward to supporting cancer research for years to come. Hopefully, there will be a cure along the way.” Considered one of the more hardhitting subsets of breast cancer, TNBC represents about 20 percent of all breast cancers, according to the National Breast Cancer Foundation. In TNBC, tumor cells often lack certain receptors known to fuel cancer growth, causing certain treatments like hormone therapy and drugs to be ineffective.

disease. Ultimately, though, it’s what keeps him going. “My patients motivate me to wake up each day to try to improve treatments for them and to provide hope, even when I cannot cure their illnesses,” he adds. “I am truly privileged and honored to play a role in their lives.”

falls under the umbrella of eventing: The first movement requires horse and rider to halt at X, a station marked in the arena.

Local grant recipients, announced last October, have likewise benefitted from Halt Cancer at X funding. They include Save a Sister, Cancer Dr. Mutter’s work is not the only national Support Community of Kalispell, Flathead research to receive funding from Halt Cancer Cancer Aid Services and Flathead Cancer Chicks, at X. For the fifth consecutive year, the telomere cumulatively receiving grants of nearly $60,000. study, headed by Dr. Mario Capecchi and Dr. Simon Titen has received a $20,000 grant. As for the future of Halt Cancer at X, Broussard The duo will use funds to determine how says she hopes the charitable organization It is an aggressive form of cancer, Mutter notes. cancer cells add new telomeres, the parts of continues to grow. It does not help that there are no approved, chromosomes that control cell growth and targeted therapies available for TNBC at aging. In normal cells, telomeres get shorter “The support we have received for Halt Cancer the present time either, he says. “Surgery, and shorter and eventually die. However, if a in years’ past has been phenomenal, and we radiotherapy and chemotherapy are very gene mutates, it can become cancer-causing and could not be more thankful for everyone’s help effective for some patients [with TBNC]. multiply. Dr. Capecchi and Dr. Titen indicate that in making it what it is today,” she says. “We look Unfortunately, many patients respond poorly to their research will help determine if current forward to supporting cancer research for years [these treatments]. We have a lot of work to do therapeutic agents are helping thwart a cancer to come. Hopefully, there will be a cure along the to improve outcomes in those individuals.” way.” cell’s ability to reproduce. With the help of Halt Cancer at X, Mutter remains optimistic.

“Having the support of Halt Cancer at X will enable us to continue our work [of] trying to identify new therapies for women with [this form of] breast cancer,” he says. That said, Mutter realizes that the road ahead will not be easy. “In order to make meaningful discoveries that will improve the lives of patients, it will require hard work in the laboratory and help from organizations such as Halt Cancer at X. That is why I am so thankful for their support.”

Like Mutter, Dr. Capecchi expresses deep For more information on Halt Cancer at X, please appreciation. “We are elated to be selected as a visit http://www.rebeccafarm.org/halt-cancer/#halt. Halt Cancer at X grant recipient again,” he says. “The work we are doing is an attempt to design a novel technique, and the potential to help many patients is undeniable.” Broussard agrees, and notes that she is proud to continue supporting the telomere study. “We feel it is valuable research that has the potential to really help people and, ultimately, to halt cancer.”

Created in memory of Rebecca Broussard, founder of the Event at Rebecca Farm, Halt Away from the laboratory, Mutter is personally Cancer at X purposes to give back to the saddened by the struggles of his patients and community. The initiative’s name comes from their families as they battle this devastating dressage, a sport between horse and rider that



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Cairo and Officer Parce By Kari Gabriel, Executive Director Photos by Amanda Wilson Photography

There is a new cop in town, and he is indeed tall dark and handsome. “Cairo,” a lanky 18 month old Belgian Malinois/Dutch Shepherd cross, joined the Kalispell Police Department (KPD) in March, as the 41st officer. He has undergone training with his initial trainer/handler for sniffing out illegal drugs, and has recently completed his extensive 25 day obedience and police training with his new handler, Officer Jason Parce. The KPD had to retrofit Parce’s K-9 unit to include a safe kennel area for Cairo to travel in. The Belgian Malinois/Dutch Shepherd cross breed is known for its herding skills, agility ability, and obedience training, as well as search and rescue and police work. They are extremely intelligent, sensitive, playful, loyal, and affectionate with family members, and are easy to train. They also are very high energy dogs, and need a lot of mental stimulation and exercise. Cairo lives with Parce at his home, along with his two Labrador Retrievers, J.J., and Chester, and gets to play with them while he’s not on duty. When Cairo is “working,” he is definitely to be respected for his concentration, determination, and work ethic. When he is “playing,” however, he enjoys haveing his belly and ears scratched.

When Cairo is “working,” he is definitely to be respected for his concentration, determination, and work ethic. When he is “playing,” however, he enjoys having his belly and ears scratched.


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Parce and his new K-9 partner began their full-time partnership together in mid-March. As a fully sworn member of the KPD, Cairo will assist in sniffing out marijuana, meth, heroin, cocaine, and ecstasy in houses, vehicles and other buildings when officers suspect the presence of drugs but do not have enough evidence to get a warrant to seize and search for them. As alcohol and prescription drugs are not illegal to those of age and holding valid prescriptions, these drugs are not something that Cairo will be looking for. Illegal drugs are one of the largest contributors to the KPD workload, so the department is very glad to have Cairo on board. When asked about the process of acquiring Cairo, KPD Chief Roger Nasset said, “City Manager Doug Russell and I have spoken several times over the last

At Kids Camp,

high school mentors spend a week focused on one primary goal: build as many positive relationships (with each other and campers) as possible, while role modeling positive behavior. We believe that everyone has something great to offer, and there are an infinite number of learning opportunities within relationships. We use these mentor based relationships to learn about individual campers and what they struggle with, whether it’s peer pressure, dysfunctional family life, bullying, body image, or something completely different. A key component to working with the campers is feedback. High school students are trained to listen first, and then offer advice, only when asked to do so. This creates a bond between campers and their counselors that sometimes lasts for many years. Many of our counseling staff first came to Kids Camp as campers when they were in middle school.

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Cairo & Parce

couple of years about having a K-9 on patrol. Having a drug dog on staff requires a full-time handler, and we didn’t have an officer to spare, so we hadn’t really pursued the possibility. Last year in the budget process, several city council members expressed interest in having a drug dog on board, and they discussed it and encouraged Mr. Russell and me to bring it forward in our draft budget. We did, and they supported adding an additional officer so we could pursue acquiring a dog.”

Cairo received his initial obedience training in Kalispell, by Belgian Malinois breeder and owner of K-9 Command Services, Dale Brandeberry. Once Nasset contacted Brandeberry to let him know the city wanted to purchase a pup for a police dog, he worked more specifically with Cairo to groom him into a perfect drug dog. Brandeberry formerly worked for the U.S. Forest Service as national police canine coordinator, lead evaluator and master trainer. Since retiring from the USFS, he continues to run his own Kalispell-based police dog breeding and training program. Many of this breed are trained to attack and be “bite” dogs, but that isn’t what KPD was after, so Cairo is a very friendly, non-aggressive dog. He will accompany Officer Parce in all aspects of his job, so it was crucial that he have a friendly and easy going personality. He is very intuitive, alert and loyal to his handler.

Cairo and Officer Parce will have a high profile presence in the community. Parce does not shy away from being in the public, and service his community. He was named Montana Police Officer of the year in 2012, and has always considered public service outside of his normal police duties, as part of who he is. As a board member for Flathead CARE, a local nonprofit organization dedicated to helping kids remain drug, alcohol and tobacco free, Parce spends a lot of time with local youth. He has been in law enforcement for 11 years, 5 of them as a school resource officer at Glacier High School. He also continues to help chaperone Flathead CARE’s middle school dances, and be the officer on duty at Kids Camp. This year, Cairo will also be at Kids Camp, and if his initial interactions with kids are any indication, his presence at camp will be a huge hit!

Kids Camp was founded on one simple belief: Kids are assets, not liabilities. Camp is an environment that fosters growth, promotes self-discovery, and allows for new relationships to form. By providing life and resiliency skills, our goal is to increase pro-social growth and protective assets in participants. By doing so, we are effectively reducing underage drinking and drug use through our programs, as well as other risk factors, like risky sexual activity, self-harm, and other adolescent issues. As youth are empowered to jump these hurdles, they begin to believe they are capable of overcoming obstacles, and begin to find more opportunities. In our 28th year of Kids Camp, our primary goals remain the same: to empower young people to advocate for their peers, lead cultural shifts against bullying, provide meaningful support to their friends who are struggling, and find healthy alternatives to drugs, alcohol and tobacco. Education is a vital part of all Flathead CARE’s programs, and Kids Camp takes a unique approach. In the six weeks leading up to camp, the counselors become experts on a topic that they are passionate about, and want to teach others. Each year we teach campers about leadership, values, healthy relationships, risky behaviors, depression and suicide, as well as gender specific programming through interactive workshops. Although the counselors work with adult mentors, these presentations are completely led and facilitated by counselors.

At camp, we give youth real world experience in connecting with their peers. Every gathering emphasizes building positive relationships, expanding life and resiliency skills, and connecting to the community. Deeper than that, we give youth the confidence and skills they need to support their peers in a meaningful way. Youth in our program transform from the quiet student in the back of the classroom to a consistent voice of support for their peers. If this camp looks like a good choice for your child, you can find registration forms and other information on our website by clicking on the “Kids Camp” link, at www. flatheadcare.org. Camp dates are June 13-16, 2017, at Big Sky Bible Camp, near Echo Lake. Camp cost is $200, a bargain for a 4 day camp. Early registration deadline is June 2nd, and goes up to $225 if received after June 2. Please feel free to contact us with questions about camp or our youth programs. We look forward to spending the week with your kids!


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Perfect Cuts

Mother/Daughter Dynamic Duo By Mary Wallace Photos by Danella Miller Photography

They finish each other’s sentences. They share the same thoughts. Even when one was in Montana and the other in the Midwest, they once inadvertently bought the exact same pair of earrings and maroon rugs for their kitchens. People often think they are sisters. They often say the same thing at the same time (Psych!). They both claim no one ever had a truer friend. This dynamic duo are Karla Hansen and Leslie Hansen-Clewien - a mother/daughter team who spend their workdays together at Perfect Cuts in Columbia Falls, MT and often spend their free time together as well, in family and other common pursuits.

Shortly after daughter Leslie, who grew up in Fort Benton, graduated from Great Falls High School, she got married and moved to Oklahoma. She & her children, Koltan, Kaeden, & Kyndal would come up in the summers to enjoy Montana and work in the shop with the parents or Karla would travel to visit them, but they mostly didn’t get to have as much contact as they would have liked. When Leslie’s husband, Clay, took an over-theroad trucking job that keeps them all apart more than they’d both like, Leslie & the kids moved to Columbia Falls to be closer to family and she began working with her folks at the meat shop. The two ladies were in the throes of packaging special order cuts of succulent corned beef on the day of our interview. Leslie had the list of orders and Karla was cutting the huge slabs of brined meat into family sized pieces for Leslie to package in preparation for St. Patrick’s Day. They alternately were strictly focused on the task at hand and cracking each other up with jokes or sharing funny stories in between.

Even though every once in awhile, something serious & earthly works it’s way into the conversation, both admit that it is their pleasure to spend nearly 10-12 hours every day mostly working and laughing together. Even though


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they have the occasional tiff, they never go home mad. At the end of the day, they are still best friends. There is something special in knowing that one will always have the other’s back ... that their connection as mother & daughter is at the heart of everything.

Perfect Cuts is a magical place (and by magical place, I mean old fashioned meat market with a foodie’s dream selection of meats & specialty products) in Columbia Falls, MT. The Hansen family made a decision to open their traditional meat shop in Columbia Falls after they happened upon the grand opening of yet another big box type supermarket in Missoula, MT. Seeing the cavernous corporate style selection of meats at the huge store, Dan Hansen experienced a long moment of regret for what was quickly becoming a lost art in America, and he turned to his wife Karla and announced, “We’re going to open a real meat shop.” People said they were crazy, that they would never be able to make a go of it, according to Karla. But Dan had learned his craft as an apprentice under the guidance of an old school meat cutter, and with several years experience under his belt, he & Karla were determined to build it anyway. Their initial plan was to give it 10 years - see how it went; now

it is 17 years later, and Perfect Cuts is going strong. They started with two employees (Dan & Karla) and a small 12 lb. batch sausage-stuffing machine (which they lovingly dubbed “Monica”). They have grown to seven full-time employees and one part-time, three commercial smokers, and a new sausage stuffer that can handle 100 lb. batches of their popular specialty smoked dogs and pepper sticks. The Perfect Cuts employees are all like family and they often have parties, BBQs, and play together. They celebrate everyone’s birthdays, commiserate when someone has a sick child, rejoice when an employee has a happy family event or success, and support each other as if they truly ARE one big happy family. All of the employees can ‘cover’ for each other if someone is ill or away for a day or two. They do like to let Dan think he is the boss. Daughter, Leslie - who does orders, customer service, production, & bookkeeping for the shop, among other things - says that while some customers come into Perfect Cuts daily, many come in once per week. Because the meat is so fresh, many like to purchase only what they plan to use that very week. Sometimes customers come from farther away (some even from as far as Canada) and buy as much as they can in bulk and freeze it to take home until their next visit. In the summer, many are guests at local lodging vacation rentals and have been told they absolutely MUST visit Columbia Falls’ local old-fashioned meat shop! The Perfect Cuts crew will cut their meats to order and package them in sealed bags right from the meat case.

profile} Perfect Cuts Karla, who still has her hand at most EVERYTHING they do at the shop, including cutting meat as needed, created their signature specialty meat seasoning recipe and helped developed their line specialty products. Karla says the shop also offers local pork, bison, elk, and Hutterite chickens, along with their smoked & variety products (pickles, jams, soup mixes, seasoning mixes). They process wild game meat that their customers bring in to them, using their special cut techniques and recipes for sausages & jerky products.

and it didn’t happen then. There was also a vague plan for Kyndal’s Sweet Sixteen, but they were too busy in the shop to pull it off. Current discussions involve going during the Christmas holiday season - to be there when they light the tree in Rockefeller Center and experience all the festivities and cosmopolitan culture that they can. As for their nearly non-existent spare time, Karla loves to bake and she is always baking things to give away to family, friends, and customers. Karla

They not only sell their meats and specialty products to retail customers who visit the shop they also supply fresh lean meats to several local restaurants.

also has her cosmetology license (an art in itself) and actually planned on opening a hair salon in the other half of the Perfect Cuts building (get it? Perfect Cuts?), but the meat shop side of the business came on so strong and fast, there was never an opportunity. In the early days, Dan always said She does keep her license current, “We’re gonna feed the world.” When however, and she has a few select salon they started providing meat to Mudman customers that she still cares for. Karla Burgers in Whitefish & Columbia Falls, also loves to do interior design projects Leslie reminded him of those words - that Leslie & Kyndal have both been through the Mudman ministry, they happy recent beneficiaries of. She just truly HAVE had an impact on the loves making others happy. community and the world at large. (All proceeds from Mudman Burgers - Leslie does all the usual teenage kid/ who only uses fresh locally sourced family things & has a side business meat products - go towards Potter’s in essential oils. She loves to create Field Ministries missions work in things, and enjoys anything art related; Kenya, Uganda, Cambodia, Guatemala, lately that has included bath salts, Costa Rica, & now also, their regional wreaths, specialty picture frames, and work on the Blackfeet Reservation in woodworking projects. Browning, MT.) It seems to be no accident that as As for Karla & Leslie, when I asked Karla & Leslie get to the end of the day them what was on each of their bucket and put ‘business’ things aside, their lists - both simultaneously exclaimed schedule more often than not, is likely NEW YORK CITY! They have had to crossover to shared leisure time this on the horizon for years. It was activities. It’s a relationship that has originally talked about for a graduation only become stronger and closer since gift for Leslie, but life got in the way they’ve began working together.



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Mollie Busby

On kids camps, yoga & going with the flow

For local entrepreneur Mollie Busby, “going with the flow” is a way of life. The 30-year-old says every experience, good and bad, has led her to the next adventure… like breadcrumbs along a treasure trail; a trail that led her to the Flathead Valley, where she runs an international nonprofit, owns and operates three yoga studios called Yoga Hive, and lives in an off-the-grid homestead. After graduating from the University of WisconsinMadison with degrees in journalism and retail, in 2008, Mollie -- a native of Wisconsin -- was ushered into a role as a Style/Associate editor at a women’s magazine. Responsible for all things fashion, as well as nearly half of the editorial each month, she was set on her trajectory in the fashion industry with her eyes set on New York City. But life left her a devastating breadcrumb in February of 2010, when her colleague, Michelle Alswager, lost a son, Jesse at the age of 13 to complications of type 1 diabetes (T1D) -- an autoimmune disease with no cure. It was at Jesse’s funeral that Michelle introduced Mollie to Sean Busby, the young man who gave the eulogy, honoring Jesse as his “little brother.” Sean -- a professional backcountry snowboarder living with


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T1D and lupus -- had hosted ski/snowboard camps around the USA to empower and activate kids with T1D, Jesse included. So when Jesse passed away suddenly, Sean didn’t flinch when Michelle asked him to deliver the eulogy. He vowed there to restart Riding On Insulin, after a two-year hiatus. Sean and Mollie experienced what could only be called love at first sight, and by June 2010 Mollie moved out west to be closer to Sean. Flash forward to December 2010, when she incorporated Riding On Insulin officially, filed the nonprofit papers, and she and Sean hosted their first four camps around the world for kids with T1D in 2011. Sean and Mollie were married on September 24th, 2011 -what would have been Jesse’s 15th birthday.

A long time veteran of summer camp and leadership facilitation, Mollie found that planning camps for kids was a natural fit -- let alone her affinity for the cause with Sean living with T1D. Today - with Mollie still at the helm plus three full time staff, the organization runs over 20 programs in 4 countries, serving over 500 kids and teens with T1D, and hundreds of adults through volunteer opportunities. Two of Riding On Insulin’s programs are held in the Flathead Valley, serving local families. It was after relocating to Whitefish permanently in 2013, that Mollie found a renewed interest in yoga.

“Running a business isn’t easy,” she says. “I found that all I had to do was get myself to yoga -- that was the hardest part! If I could get there, then all my stress melted away during class.”

She took a few instructor trainings in April 2015, and shortly after, felt it was time to create her own yoga home in Whitefish. Mollie - now a certified Registered Yoga Teacher - opened Yoga Hive in June of that year, with the mission to provide traditional mat yoga of all kinds and Stand-Up Paddleboard yoga to everybody and every body. In December, she hosted a Silks Yoga training at the studio, adding aerial yoga to Yoga Hive’s list of offerings. “Silks Yoga is the most incredible compliment to anyone’s floor practice,” Mollie says. “It’s not flips and tricks, but rather using the silk like a prop to access deeper versions of traditional poses. Plus, it makes inversions (flipping upside down) accessible to everyone!” Mollie’s three Yoga Hive studios employ over 15 instructors around the valley; located downtown Whitefish (across the alley from the back door to the Great Northern Bar), uptown Columbia Falls next to JIM, and on Main Street Kalispell, across the street from The Toggery. Each studio offers a $5 Community Class once a week, in addition to a plethora of intro specials, punch cards, unlimited memberships, and discounts for kids under 18, and adults over 65. All passes are good at all

Above picture of Mollie doing Yoga on their yurt deck by Burket Kniveton. Next page from left to right: Norway, spring 2015 photo by the Busby Hive; One of the three Yoga Hive studios in the Flathead photo by Haley Sorbel Photography; the Busby’s Montana Homestead, photo by the Busby Hive. oman.com


Mollie Busby

three studios. Mollie is also proud to offer what she calls “Yogamersions”, which are not only an in depth study into one’s own practice, but qualifies as a 200-hour teacher training program through Yoga Alliance. She assures that most people taking the course don't even intend on teaching… its for the personal journey of self discovery!

Through all life’s twists and turns, Mollie finds that everything always brings her back to home -- where she lives off-the-grid with Sean and the pair’s two dogs, Daisy and Glacier. Although life off the grid isn’t an easy one, Mollie wouldn’t have it any other way. “Sean and I travel a lot, both for Riding On Insulin, and ski/snowboard expeditions around the world through his snowboard sponsors,” Mollie says, admitting she's a skier, not a snowboarder, herself. “Coming home to a lifestyle that keeps us present and close to nature is important, and incredible grounding for us. We love it!”

The pair has been featured on HGTV’s House Hunters: Off the Grid for their yurt, and most recently on the DIY Network’s Building Off Grid, for their adventure building a Tiny Home last summer.

“I love business, and I love my job,” she says. “But being a human being (having a human experience) is hard! Off grid life close to nature and a regular yoga and meditation practice eases the physical and emotional pain, clears my mind, and keeps me in the flow.” And, always on the hunt for more breadcrumbs.


For more about Yoga Hive or business coaching with Mollie, visit YogaHiveMontana.com; visit RidingOnInsulin. org for more about the camps; and see TheBusbyHive.com to check out the Busby's Montana homestead.


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Life Estates in Montana By Kelly O’Brien, Attorney at Law

What is a Life Estate?

Effective Use of a Life Estate in Planning Mary and Howard decided to get married in their early 60’s. For both of them it was their second marriage, and both had kids from their prior marriage. Howard had been living in his own condominium prior to their marriage, but they decided to live together in Mary’s home full time after their marriage. Mary’s home was in a very desirable location near the lake. Her home was also the place where her children spent most of their time in the summer growing up.

bills? What if their kids did not get along with each other?

While Mary wanted Howard to be able to continue to live and enjoy the lake home for his lifetime, she wanted to make sure that her children would receive the home after Howard’s death. Mary was also concerned that the lake home might create some conflict for their families after she is gone.

Ultimately, Mary and Howard were wise and took their attorney’s advice. However, all too often couples simply decide to leave everything to each other without considering how it may impact their children or create conflict in the future. While we all would like to believe that our family members will all get along after we are gone, we all know that life can change. Your spouse may remarry, get sick or simply just not get along with your children. A life estate can be an easy way to address some of these issues without requiring the creation of a complex estate plan.

After they were married, Mary and Howard went to an attorney to update their estate plans. They wanted to create new Wills that would give everything to the each other. However, they wanted separate provisions in their individual wills that provided for different distributions their individual children. Also, they were not sure how to address the lake home. Should Mary simply give everything to Howard in her will and simply trust that he would not change his will later on? What if he remarried? What if he had to go to a nursing home and did not have enough to pay his


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To address Mary’s concerns their attorney recommended that Mary grant a life estate to Howard in the lake home. The life estate would allow Howard to to live in the house for the remainder of his lifetime after Mary’s death, but would direct the remainder interest in the home to pass to Mary’s children upon Howard’s death. This solution allowed Howard to have peace of mind knowing he could stay in the home, while still allowing the beloved lake home to pass to Mary’s children thereby reducing the potential for conflict down the road.

What is A Life Estate?

First, it is important to understand the basic definition of a life estate and how it is created. A life estate is an interest in land whereby an owner of real estate grants another individual (known as the “life tenant”) title of the property for the lifetime of the life tenant. The

individual that possesses the life estate has an interest in the property for their lifetime only. Upon the life estate owner’s death, the remaining interest in land is passed to another individual(s) or entity (“remainder interest” holders or “remaindermen”). The person possessing the life estate interest may live on the property, use it, and otherwise benefit from it for their lifetime in a reasonable manner as they see fit.

The typical rights of a life tenant during his or her lifetime include: · Residing on the property;

· Renting the property to a third party and collecting the rent payments; · Making profits from the land including profits from farming the land or timber harvesting (unless previously granted to a third party); and · Receiving a portion of sale proceeds if the real estate is sold (up to the value of the life estate).

The typical responsibilities and obligations of a life tenant during his or her lifetime include: · Maintaining the property and avoiding waste to the property; · Paying real estate taxes and insurance; · Paying any other fees, dues or utilities; · Paying any mortgage and interest costs.


Estate Planning

While Mary wanted Howard to be able to continue to live and enjoy the lake home for his lifetime, she wanted to make sure that her children would receive the home after Howard’s death. Mary was also concerned that the lake home might create some conflict for their families after she is gone.

Creation and Documentation of a Life Estate

A life estate can be created by a deed, an agreement, or though a will or trust. It is important that the document conveying the life estate is specific in any limitations that the grantor may intend. Otherwise, without specific language limiting or expanding the rights and responsibilities of the life tenant then the default rights and responsibilities of a life tenant listed above apply.

advisors to ensure that your intentions are properly documented and carried out.

Seek Legal Advice

Before you proceed to grant or retain a life estate interest either through your estate plan or by a separate agreement discuss it with your attorney. It is important for you to consider your assets, family situation, and personal preferences carefully to ensure that it fits in with your overall estate plan. Moreover to ensure that your intent for your property is properly For example, if a grantor wants the life tenant to be documented in a manner to meet your goals, discuss able to reside on the property for his or her lifetime, the following issues with your attorney: but not rent the property to a third party, then the grantor must include specific language limiting the · What happens if the life tenant vacates the nature of the right to “live” or “reside” on the property. property? Can he or she rent the property to a third This language would create “limited life estate” or party and collect payments or does it pass to the “right to reside,” which has very different rights and remaindermen? responsibilities. · Who pays for regular maintenance costs? Similarly, if the grantor wanted the remaindermen to pay the taxes and maintenance costs, rather than · What maintenance is required of the life tenant? the life tenant, the granter must be specific in the conveyance document or agreement to transfer these · Who is responsible for major improvements? Who makes decisions regarding major improvements? obligations to the remaindermen. A life estate can also be granted or sold to another person, or it may be reserved by the individual owning property for his or her lifetime. By retaining life estate interest in one’s own property an individual can enjoy the property for the remainder of his or her life, but transfer the property to another individual or entity upon death.

· What insurance is required by the life tenant and the remaindermen?

Use of a Life Estate in Estate Planning

·Who is responsible for taxes, insurance and other fees and costs?

A life estate can be a highly effective estate planning tool if properly documented and discussed with all involved. A life estate can help to ensure that property would pass to children while allowing a spouse to reside on the property for his or her lifetime, like in the case of Mary and Howard above. Similarly, an owner of real estate can retain a life estate allowing the owner to continue to reside on the property for his or her lifetime while passing property to children, charities or other individuals upon death. The use of a life estate can also help to avoid a separate probate proceeding upon the death of the life tenant.

·Are the remaindermen permitted to inspect the property or otherwise enter the property during the lifetime of the life tenant? If so, when and how is entry permitted?

Again, without specific language setting out the rights and responsibilities of each party the life tenant would have the responsibility for most of the expenses during his or her lifetime and benefit from the property during his or her lifetime. A life estate can be a valuable planning tool without the need for a complex estate plan. However, it is important that you involve your family and advisors in the process.

If you have questions or need legal assistance regarding life estates, estate planning or other real estate matters, contact If you are considering granting a life estate to a spouse Kelly O’Brien at Measure, Sampsel, Sullivan & O’Brien, or child, or retaining a life estate for yourself talk with P.C. at (406) 752-6373/ www.measurelaw.com your family about your intent for the life estate to make sure your intentions are clear. Also make sure This article is intended for educational and information to discuss your plans with your financial, legal and tax purposes only, it is not intended to act as legal advice.



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Mojo Your Heart and Your Spark! Written by Susan Clarke

What the heck is mojo and why would you want it?

When we say mojo we mean your unique combination of heart and spark, or your muchness. In Tim Burton’s version of Alice in Wonderland, there was moment when the Mad Hatter (played by Jonny Depp) saw Alice upon her return to Wonderland and said, "Alice you're different. You've lost your muchness, you use to be much more muchier!” It's a great line. Can you relate? Do you ever feel like you’ve lost your muchness? Or as we would say, your mojo? Do you feel like you: · Have the great job, the relationship, the kids, but think “is this all there is?” · Have long forgotten, or let go of, what you were passionate about? · Work hard to make things perfect, but even then it’s not enough?

· Wonder why, even when you achieve your goals, happiness is fleeting? Often this results in depression, low energy, anxiety or chronic health issues such as neck or back pain, headaches or stiffness. In contrast, just today I was up skiing on Whitefish Mountain, when a little boy, about seven years old, and I think his little sister, about five years old, came by me, flying down the mountain. They zigged and


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zagged and even caught air as they came out of the trees. I thought, “Wow!” They weren't scared. They weren't paying any attention to who was watching. They weren’t trying to impress or break any records.

The boy took a fall. His sister stopped beside him. They laughed. He got back up, and then they raced off to the chair lift for another run. That, my friend, is full-on muchness, mojo.

Mojo is having fun without fear, without any need to impress, to achieve, to do something perfectly or hit a certain standard. I have no doubt you have experienced that feeling at least once in your life. Yet, often along the journey of life you grow up and become responsible: get a job, get married and possibly have kids. Your muchness somehow fades until you reach a point and wonder - did I ever really have it?

How People Wake Up

You go about your life, and think, well I guess this is just what being a grown up is about. Until a crisis occurs, you: · Encounter a health challenge · Lose your job · Are faced with a divorce · Have a child that is different What was normal no longer exists. You find yourself on shaky ground. The veneer of your ideal, or perfect life cracks. Suddenly, what felt like the right thing to do no longer works. You wake up to the incongruence in your life. You wonder how did I get here? This is your soul calling you to remember your muchness, to connect to your mojo! Sometimes people don’t bump into a crisis. Instead, you wake up slowly to a sense of emptiness or dis-

Amy began making her



important because she saw the impact on the rest of her life.

She found evidence that her being in her joy didn’t take away from her family or ability to get stuff done. No. As a matter of fact, it made

everything easier!

ease in yourself and your life. Something doesn’t feel The troop performed. Amy, not the best dancer, was quite right anymore, or there’s a pressure from within positioned safely in the back row. No one asked for her that shakes things up. autograph after the show. However, Amy loved every minute of the experience! She was smiling the entire Yes, that too is a call from your soul to access your day. She was radiating joy, making her a magnet for muchness - to find your mojo. people to connect to her.

play with horses. Maybe it’s taking hip-hop classes or taking up salsa dancing like Amy, or learning to play the drums, joining a book club or a choir.

There are so many possibilities. The thing about finding your mojo, is that it might be something you have known for a long time, yet never let yourself act Finding Your Mojo She was tapping into her mojo. It didn’t matter how on. It might take some experimenting by trying a So how do you find your mojo? “good” she was. She was having a blast! Not just for the number of new and different nudges. show but for the entire six-month process. Sometimes people confuse mojo with greatness. The key is letting yourself listen and play! Don't. As we worked together, Amy began making her joy Too much of life is about playing to the audience, important because she saw the impact on the rest of Your mojo is calling and if you listen, you’ll find your climbing the ladder or looking good. People get so her life. She found evidence that her being in her joy mojo and your muchness! caught up in achieving goals, being the great parent, didn’t take away from her family or ability to get stuff done. No. As a matter of fact, it made everything easier! If you struggle on your own and want to join some the perfect spouse, or the top employee. other mojo seekers, we are starting our three day in Amy was able to identify that during that six months, person workshop: Find Your Mojo in Montana on Mojo is not any of that. the connection and passion with her husband increased May 19-21, 2017. We’ll have you working with a horse, People often mistake mojo for genius, greatness or and her kids told her, “You’re more fun Mom!” She which is an amazing mirror to help you access your found herself trying new recipes for dinner and wasn’t authentic self quickly and easily. We’ll help your tap wow. It’s not. your creativity through your mind-body connection, concerned when some were not so well received. Mojo is not for the outside. and you’ll have loads of fun along the way! Mojo is for your inside. Even at work, people commented on her more Mojo is whatever sparks you and brings you joy. can learn more about it, and our other programs: relaxed confidence. Finding her mojo and You Mojo is your special sauce. Build Your Mojo and Ignite Your Relationship enjoying that inner shine wasn’t competing Mojo at www.thriveinc.com/programs. Feel free to You shine when you are in your mojo, and like those with or ruining the rest of her life! It was contact us at thrive@thriveinc.com or give us a call kids skiing down the mountain and having fun, when helping it. 406.730.2710. you’re in your mojo you may not even be aware of how you much you shine. It’s because you are connected to The truth is, your mojo may have nothing to do with Come play with the horses and us and Find Your you, your heart, your soul, and not concerned with how how you make a living or how you help and support Mojo in Montana! good you are or what people think of you. your community. Your Mojo has everything to do with your heart and your spark. Adding heart and spark to Meet Amy anything is the magic ingredient that turns your life I have client, Amy, who’s 42 years old, has a great on! business, is married with kids, and active in her community. She came to me because even though her life looked good on the outside, she had a nagging How You Can Find Your Mojo! sense of emptiness. She loved her kids and husband, Your mojo is that gentle nudge that calls you to do something outside of what you’re “supposed” to do. yet she wasn’t really happy. Instead, it’s what you “long” to do. Amy felt horrible about complaining, because she knew, all things considered, she had a life others would Breath is one great way to wake up your mojo. envy. Take time each day to breathe deeply for 5-10 minutes. As we worked together, it became clear that one of You don’t have to make this a serious business. Just a her passions was dance and movement. Now, let me conscious willingness to breathe, lie down and breathe, be clear, Amy was not ‘a dancer.” No. She just loved to sit cross-legged and breathe, shake and wiggle and breathe! Find your own sweet spot and breathe. I move her body to music. think you are getting the message – breathe! CrisMarie Campbell and Susan Clarke are Life When I discovered this, I invited her to integrate some Coaches and Business Consultants. They work with form of dance in her daily life. Her response was swift Once you drop into your body and feel the fullness of professional women, leaders and teams and couples in and determined, “I don’t have time! I get up early, take your being in this physical form, pause and listen. Yes. the kids to school, work late, and get home and make It takes a willingness to engage your body, emotions, business. Their focus is on helping you access your Mojo to transform your life, relationship and business! Check out dinner. I’ve exhausted at the end of the day. Where am sensations, spirit, and mind. That combination will their programs FIND YOUR MOJO, BUILD YOUR I going to fit in a dance class?! Plus, it’s a stupid idea.” invite your soul to speak. MOJO and IGNITE YOUR RELATIONSHIP MOJO at www.thriveinc.com/programs. Watch their Sometimes it makes no sense. But listen. Breathe and We did some work to loosen her beliefs, and as she TEDx Talk: Conflict – Use It, Don’t Defuse It! on opened to the idea she decided to join an evening let that whisper in. YouTube. Contact them to coach with you, consult with dance class. She came alive! The class was hip-hop your business or speak at your next event at thrive@ group that worked for months to get to the point of a Maybe it's taking the stage for community theater thriveinc.com or 406.730.2710. one-time performance. Soon it was easy to get to class. as CrisMarie has, or like me, some odd desire to go



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Understanding & Treating Infertility By Alisha Pinkerton, PA-C

Infertility is a problem that many couples struggle with each year. When dealing with infertility it is helpful to understand the basics of the menstrual cycle, available testing and treatment options. According to UpToDate.com, 85% of couples will conceive within the first 12 months of attempting pregnancy, however the other 10-15% of couples will struggle with infertility. Fertility is the capacity to conceive and produce offspring. Infertility is the inability to conceive after 12 months of regular unprotected intercourse, however, if a woman is older than 35 years of age, infertility is considered after 6 months of trying to conceive without success. Therefore, your age and amount of time having unprotected intercourse without success determines when a diagnostic evaluation is indicated. Other factors may warrant a diagnostic evaluation sooner than 6-12 months regardless of age, such as but not limited to: irregular menses, damaged or blocked fallopian tubes, stage III-IV endometriosis, a family history of early menopause, history of certain cancer treatments and male subfertility.


If you are having difficulty conceiving or are concerned about your fertility, you should talk 96 406


with your healthcare provider about the plan that is best for you. At the initial visit your healthcare provider will review your history and perform a physical exam. Once this is completed, the appropriate testing will be ordered. Testing should be done in a focused and cost-effective way and should take the couple’s preferences, the duration of infertility, the woman’s age and specific factors revealed through the medical history and physical examination into account. Basic infertility testing available includes: ovarian reserve testing, hysterosalpingogram, saline infusion sonogram, and semen analysis. Other tests may be done to rule out thyroid disorders and high prolactin levels. Androgen levels may be checked in women who have increased hair growth (hirsutism) and/or irregular menses. Ovarian reserve testing is used to help the healthcare provider predict whether the patient can produce an egg or eggs of good quality. This testing may include blood tests, transvaginal ultrasonography or both. A hysterosalpingogram, HSG for short, is a test used to check if the fallopian tubes are open and to assess the shape of the endometrial cavity (the inside part of the uterus). A saline infusion sonogram can also be used to assess the inside part of the uterus. Surgical procedures such as hysteroscopy and laparoscopy may also be warranted.

Once testing is completed, a follow up visit should be scheduled with your healthcare provider to discuss results and treatment options. There are many treatment options available, such as: medications to help women ovulate and assisted reproductive technology (ART). Medications used to induce ovulation may be given to women with irregular menses or no menses at all. Ovulatory dysfunction frequently occurs in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), obesity, hyperprolactinemia (increased levels of the hormone prolactin), thyroid disease, eating disorders, extreme exercise and/or weight loss, among other things.

Fertility medications used to induce ovulation are not only used in women with irregular or no menses, they are also used in women without ovulatory dysfunction. In these women, the goal is to produce more than one follicle per menstrual cycle, in turn causing the woman to release more than one egg at a time. This is referred to as controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) or superovulation.


If you are having difficulty conceiving or are concerned about your fertility, you should talk with your healthcare provider about the plan that is best for you. At the initial visit your healthcare provider will review your history and perform a physical exam. Once this is completed, the appropriate testing will be ordered. Medications used for ovulation induction can be taken orally or by injection and can be combined with timed intercourse, intrauterine insemination (IUI) or In-vitro fertilization (IVF). Timed intercourse is the process of timing intercourse appropriately with ovulation. IUI is also timed with ovulation. The IUI process consists of sperm collection from the man prior to the procedure, followed by washing of the sperm with a special solution in the laboratory. The IUI is then completed by passing a small catheter through the cervix and injecting sperm into the inside part of the uterus (endometrial cavity). IVF is the process of surgically removing a woman’s egg(s) from the ovary and combining the egg(s) with the man’s sperm in a laboratory dish. The desired result is formation of an embryo or embryos. If the egg is fertilized and an embryo has formed the embryo will then be transferred into the woman’s uterus. If multiple embryos are formed, more than one embryo may be transferred simultaneously, however, this would be decided by you and your healthcare provider. Remaining embryos may be frozen and used at a later time. One advantage of IVF compared to other treatments, is your

healthcare provider can limit the number of embryos transferred, thus reducing the possibility of multiples. The most common medications used for ovulation induction include clomiphene citrate (CC), aromatase inhibitors (i.e. Letrozole), and gonadotropins. The gonadotropins include FSH, LH, hMG (human menopausal gonadotropin), and hCG (chorionic gonadotropin). Depending on the underlying diagnosis, other medications may be used for treatment, such as medications to help with high prolactin levels (hyperprolactinemia) and high insulin levels (hyperinsulinemia). Gonadotropins are injectable medications commonly used with IUI and IVF. These medications are used to cause multiple follicles to develop at the same time. Each follicle has the potential to contain a good egg. Many women are concerned this type of treatment will diminish her overall egg supply quicker than with a natural cycle; however, this is not the case. This type of treatment rescues eggs that would have otherwise died off naturally. Fertility medications,

like all medications, have potential risks and complications, such as a multiple pregnancy. These risks and complications should be discussed with your healthcare provider, prior to initiating treatment. In summary, if you are having difficulty conceiving or are concerned about your fertility, talk with your healthcare provider to discuss the plan that is best for you. “If you would like more information on this topic please refer to: www.acog.org, www.asrm.org, and www.uptodate.com.” Alisha joined Kalispell OB/GYN in June of 2015, relocating to the Flathead Valley from Ford City, Pennsylvania. She received her undergraduate degree from the University of Pittsburgh and her Master of Physician Assistant Studies from Chatham College, both in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. For eight years prior to joining Kalispell OB/GYN, she practiced as a Certified Physician Assistant at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center in the Center for Fertility and Reproductive Endocrinology.


ask the skin coach

By Erin Blair, Licensed Esthetician + Certified Health Coach

ATSC: Swimming Pools


I’m a swimmer, but I find the time I spend in the pool dries my skin out terribly. I also seem to have more acne flares when I’ve spent much time in the pool. Do you have any suggestions to help prevent or treat


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these problems?

A: While swimming is incredibly great exercise,

as you’ve observed, pool water is really hard on our skin. The chemicals used to disinfect pool water, such as chlorine and iodides, are both drying and aggravating to acne. This is also the case with ‘saltwater’ pools, because they still have to add chemicals to keep the water clean. However, there are some precautions you can take to lessen the impact on your skin.

Protect through prevention

Prior to entering the pool, apply Aquaphor or Petroleum Jelly to clean, moisturized skin. This will help create a barrier, sealing your skin from the harmful pool water. If you’re trying to avoid petro chemicals, pure jojoba oil can also do the trick. Zinc and/or Titanium sunblock in a heavier formula that’s made to be water resistant should be applied over the protective coating of Aquaphor

if you’re swimming outside. This will provide a further barrier against pool water, and of course protect you from damaging UV radiation. Most will be good in water for 40 to 80 minutes. For those of you that are going to be around a pool all day, use a great SPF 50 formula that’s not only acne safe, but water resistant for 8 hours.

Balance your pH

One major reason the pool is so disruptive is due to the pH of treated water. Our skin is normally close to 5.5 pH, but pool water is kept around a pH of 7.3. Even a few minutes in this water is enough to dry your skin out! To correct this, shower and wash with a gentle sulfate-free cleanser immediately after swimming, and follow with an alcohol-free toner designed to bring your skin back to pH balance. The longer the pool chemicals remain on your skin, the more drying. Get that pool water washed off ASAP.

Avoid the trendy trap of thinking you can effectively moisturize with oil alone. The skin requires both oil and water, and using straight oil will eventually result in drier skin. health} Moisture, moisture, moisture

After cleansing and toning, moisturize right away while your skin is still damp. This will seal in moisture, helping add hydration to the skin. For clients with particularly dry skin, I’ll have them boost their moisturizer. If your skin tends to be lacking water, a serum with hyaluronic acid can be layered on first. If it lacks oil, moisturizer can be boosted with a few drops of acne-safe oil. An esthetician can help you determine which you need, or you can try both approaches and see which suits you better. It’s possible you need both. However, avoid the trendy trap of thinking you can effectively moisturize with oil alone. The skin requires both oil and water, and using straight oil will eventually result in drier skin. When your skin is dry from swimming, heated/cooled indoor air, or any other reason, a moisturizing mask that’s right for your skin type will dramatically improve hydration levels. Masking is a fun addition to your home care regimen and can be done daily if needed, or as little as once or twice per week to give your skin a welcome moisture boost. As always, prevention is key. Take steps to protect your skin to begin with, then follow up with treatment to offset the damage.

Erin Blair, LE CHC owns Skin Therapy Studio, where she embraces a creative method of treatments, products and coaching to get skin clear... and keep it that way. It's a 'whole person' approach to difficult skin concerns. Visit SkinTherapyStudio.com for more info, and to submit questions for Ask the Skin Coach.



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Postpartum Depression

It’s Okay to Talk about It By Allison Linville

“If I could send a message to women, it would be this: Don’t think you’re the only one,” Cindy Walp, Director of The Birth Center at North Valley Hospital says. “Postpartum depression is a very real problem.” She gathers her thoughts, and continues slowly, “For me, I had a full term baby that didn’t survive, and then I had two healthy babies, so when I was depressed with my healthy children, I didn’t tell anyone because I was embarrassed. It didn’t make sense! I was supposed to be so happy that I had just had my baby, but I felt terrible, so I kept quiet.” She leans in to explain that she knows how ironic that sounds. “Here I am, a healthcare professional in this area, so I know it can happen to anyone. Postpartum depression is pushed under the rug, and we want to change that.” Postpartum depression is defined medically as depression that occurs after childbirth, but is also a spectrum of emotions. According to Walp, PPD can range from the baby blues and feelings of sadness and being overwhelmed to full blown psychosis. It can also include anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorders. The causes of the intense emotional response include changing hormones during pregnancy and childbirth, major life changes, and unexpected developments along the way. It’s impossible to guess who might be affected by postpartum depression, or assume that


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one can tell—it can have an impact on all women, despite pregnancy experience or previous mental health stability. North Valley Hospital is currently working to provide support groups, referral lists, early education and intervention systems, and a more comprehensive program to support women with any stage of postpartum depression (PPD). “When women talk with friends, everyone says the same thing. They all say, ‘Oh yeah, I had that too and I didn’t tell anyone.’ We want to work past that,” says Walp. Instances of PPD are widely underreported, because most women don’t seek treatment. Walp explains, “I’ve seen reports that say up to 25% of women experience some form of postpartum depression, but from what I’ve seen, I think the real number is closer to 50% in my experience.” The first support group, facilitated by Brittani Wiersma and Lindsay LeMair, Birth Center RNs who are certified by Postpartum Support International, will take place on Thursday, May 4th from 6:30-7:30pm at the North Valley Hospital Professional Office Building. Groups will meet on the first Thursday of the month to continue to work through issues. Registration is encouraged, and can be completed by calling the Birth Center before the class at (406) 863-3535. Walp explains, “It’s important for women to seek out help—at least come to our support group, or even just get an evaluation. Women often can’t see it, but maybe

they have an idea that something is wrong but are too embarrassed to talk about it.” The purpose of support groups is to offer a place to talk through concerns and feelings without being judged, and many women also find valuable friendship connections in that open, honest environment. Walp mentions that there is still a stigma about PPD. “We have to get past that stigma and be open to talking about it, asking friends, and encouraging others to seek out help.” As explained by Walp, there are a variety of solutions for PPD. These solutions can range from efforts shown to ease symptoms through anecdotal evidence, like acupuncture, placenta encapsulation, and aromatherapy, to medical assistance such as counseling and medication. What works for women is varied and based on the individual and where they find themselves on the spectrum of postpartum depression. “We are working to create more comprehensive PPD programs in our community. We encourage you to call The Birth Center at North Valley Hospital and talk with our nurses if you are looking for some assistance. We’ll connect you with resources, support groups, and any other way to help with this common, yet scary health issue,” Walp concludes. “We want to help all the mothers out there be the best they can be.” Cindy Walp, RN, is the Director of The Birth Center at North Valley Hospital. You can contact The Birth Center at: (406) 863-3535 or online through the North Valley Hospital website at: nvhosp.org.


How Do You Express w

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Stress? By Dr. C. Claude Basler, DC, Basler Family Chiropractic


Where do you go when you want to be healthy? When you do something substantial for your health in the present and will pay off in the future. Where do you go? Many people say the gym or fitness center. While that is an awesome answer, not the one I want. What about if you have stress? Do you still say the gym? What if this stress turns into something else, some sort of ailment within the body that manifests into a sign or symptom. Your answer should be to the chiropractor. Understand some general principles of what chiropractic is and what it isn’t.


Thyroid Disorders

The biggest paradox is that


stress affects you whether Feeling Crabby

you “feel” it or not. Depression Allergies

IBS Migraine

Poor Sleep

GERD Decrease Immunity


Millions of people are affected by stress every single day. Most people say that they can actually feel the stress. Feeling stressed is sort of like having a 6th sense in the body. Which in theory it is. You feel it subconsciously, you are aware of the present. Take for instant your hand and hold up two fingers and stick the hand behind your back. Subconsciously you know it is present and you’re not requiring any other senses to use. What we need to understand is that stress occurs in different parts of the body without you knowing. The biggest paradox is that stress affects you whether you “feel” it or not. Just like pain occurs with the body. You hear people all the time that say they can feel their muscles just becoming tight, restricted, chronic irritation…etc. What about what they are not feeling? Do you know the same nerve that can send pain messages also coordinates messages to your vital organs, glands, tissues…and everything else in between? When they are stressed, everything they control is stressed. First, chiropractic is not medicine. We do not give medication, perform surgery, or alter the body with some sort of external stimulus. We believe the body is self-regulating and self-healing. You get a cut, you heal. You break a bone, might take some time but you are still going to heal. The central nerve system (CNS) controls every other human system in the body. Subluxation’s brought on by someone’s inability to adapt to stress DISCONNECT’S the brain-body connection. Chiropractors are nerve system specialists who locate specific subluxation’s which reconnects the brain-body connection. Imagine cooking Thanksgiving dinner for 20 people (and you are using new recipes). All of your power to use for cooking is being supplied via one electrical outlet. After a while the outlet is going to give into the demands of the stress placed on it. So, what


happens? Boom, the breaker flips and you lose all power into the entire kitchen. The breaker flipping is thus to resemble that of a SUBLUXATION. Often what we do after is try to fix things or replace them. Powers out = new oven, new stove, new Kitchen Aid Mixer, new blender and etc. Instead of wasting time with cover ups and false remedies, look “back” to the source of what controls the kitchen.

When you do not adapt to your stress your body goes into protection mode. Protection mode is what we refer to as your fight or flight response. Many people that first come into our office are overworking, overwhelming, and over abusing their bodies. Their life turns into overdrive and they are bombarded by chronic inflammation which just keeps revving up the gas pedal. These people are in a constant state of DISstress. When the body is not adapting to the stress placed on it, signs and symptoms appear.

How Does Your Body Express Stress?

Chiropractic care is health care. It’s where you go when you want to be healthy. It’s specific, unalerted, and allows the innate ability of someone to heal themself. By allowing your body to adapt and heal from the stressors that you place on it, health always has a chance. Chiropractic is not about pain. Pain often shows up years down the road of your stressful life, while you were missing all the other red flags as time went by. Of course, chiropractic can help with your pain and still the real pain is underlying, its the things you don’t feel that limits your health. Remember the body is a self-regulating and seal healing unit. TAKE RESPONSILBILTY FOR YOUR HEALTH. Chiropractic keeps the central nerve system connected so that you can live your life at your optimal potential. Stress will be the #1 thing to try and dis-connect your brain-body connection. Understand that this is not new “stuff.” Health is simple and many people will try and make a buck on your health. In our society health sells. Keep health simple.


Be careful of reading health books. You may die of a misprint. – Mark Twain 406

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New to Pilates?

What you need to know about taking your first class. By Delia Buckmaster, PMA®-CPT and bootybarre® Master Trainer

The first time you take any new fitness class can be a little intimidating. But for some reason, Pilates classes have a certain stigma that they are either too hard or it’s exercise for dancers. Unlike other types of fitness, the exercise names are unfamiliar (the elephant) and the equipment looks like medieval torture machines (reformer). If you’ve wanted to try Pilates, but some, if not all of the above have been holding you back, you might be missing out on something awesome. Pilates isn’t just about building core strength and lean muscle, but about the whole transformation of your body. Love to ski? Pilates will give you balance. Lift weights? Pilates teaches alignment to avoid injury. Are you an endurance athlete? Pilates focuses on breath and posture. Are you post-rehab? Learn how to identify the best movement and sequences for your body to move without pain. Pilates offers plenty of benefits, no matter your fitness background. You’ll improve your posture, focus on body alignment, and get a serious core


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workout. Most Pilates exercises are performed on the mat or Reformer (a sliding carriage inside a long frame connected to springs, ropes and pulleys). No matter what equipment you use, you will gain the same benefits. A 2016 study reported by the Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness found that eight weeks of Pilates classes improved abdominal endurance, flexibility, and balance.

Excited to get started? Here's are some tips on taking your first Pilates class.

1. There are several types of

Pilates classes: Mat, Reformer, or mixed equipment classes.

Know what you are getting in to before committing to the workout. The Reformer classes are fun and athletic. All options will deliver core strength, flexibility, coordination and balance. Your goal is to take time to learn the method and focus on one exercise at a time. Pilates is like algebra. The exercises and principles build on each other. You will never be an expert. Once you've successfully accomplished an exercise there are endless ways to take it to the next level. You will crave more.

2. You will feel muscles working that you didn't know you had or you may not feel anything at all the first few times.

High intensity exercises or lifting heavy weights will give you a different kind of result and a different kind of sore. However, if you perform

health} each Pilates movement with good form, fluidity and precision you will feel muscles working that you have never felt before. Each exercise has a muscle focus just like other regimens but being uncomfortably sore the next day doesn't always mean results. You are definitely challenging muscles in a new way and working muscle groups that don't usually get much attention.

3. Private sessions and special

population classes are available in most studios.

The best way to learn the routine and lingo quickly is to take a private Pilates session or series class, like Pilates for Back Care or Pilates 101. Most studios offer new client specials or require a private session before jumping into an equipment class. If your studio is fully equipped this will give you an opportunity to use other Pilates equipment like such as the Cadillac and the Wunda Chair. Let the instructor know that you are interested in taking group classes so he/she can familiarize you with the equipment and focus on modifications that work best for you. This will also help if you are intimidated jumping in to a class with more experienced students.

4. Instructors want to help. Ask questions. 5. Pilates is a compliment to Let them know that you’re a beginner and inform them of any limitations or injuries. The sooner you are taught proper modifications and adjustments the faster you will progress to the next level. Going past your abilities in Pilates will injure you, not make you stronger. Remember that everyone was a beginner at one time. Pilates requires concentration and control so most likely no one besides the instructor is watching you. If you are a visual learner, there will be an opportunity to watch other participants to guide you through the exercises.

your normal routine.

Even if you are an outdoor enthusiast, gym rat, or enjoy other studio offerings your body needs fitness like Pilates. Pilates stretches, strengthens, and aligns your body all at the same time. It prepares your body to move in every way. Even for you yogis out there. The strength and the precision of Pilates balances the freedom of movement in yoga. Learning to move from a solid foundation and with a strong connection to our bodies, will enable us to move through life with greater comfort and ease.

Accidental Poisoning

Flathead City-County Health Department Children are curious about lots of different things, and if mom, dad, babysitter or guardian are seen swallowing medicine, a child is more likely to mimic that behavior. If a child has access to medications in the home and accidentally ingests them, the situation can turn disastrous quickly. Child injury or death related to accidental ingestion of medications is increasing in Flathead County and although children under age six comprise a large amount of cases, the peak poisoning frequency is more commonly seen in children ages one and two.

Signs a child may have ingested a medication

If a child accidentally swallows a pill or something hazardous to their health they may exhibit some of the following physical signs:

· Unusual sleepiness · Coma · Nausea · Vomiting · Seizures · Agitation What should you do if a child swallows your medication?


Don’t wait, if a child swallows any quantity of medicine call 911 immediately. Take the bottle 108 406


of medicine ingested by the child with you to the Emergency Room to help healthcare providers understand the dosage and quantity. Take note of how you store analgesics or pain medications because they are the most common cause of pediatric fatalities reported to Poison Control as well as the most common source of poisoning for adults (ages 20 and older).

What can I do to help prevent an accidental poisoning?

In an effort to reduce the risk of child access to medications, the Flathead City-County Health Department is working towards increasing the number of medical lock boxes distributed to families with young children. Lock boxes are a small, secure and portable way to store medications for those living with small children. By providing a portable and child proof lock box, families who may be traveling or transient will have a safe place to store their medication. An additional benefit to storing medications in lock boxes is that they are obscure. Research indicates that medications stored in a visible location such as on a countertop, cabinet or drawer are subject to accidental ingestion or theft by those seeking prescription pain medications. The Flathead City County Health Department currently distributes lock boxes through their Maternal Child Health Home Visiting Program. If you are interested in helping to provide these lifesaving lock boxes to even more families, please contact Holly Jordt at the Flathead City-County Health Department (406) 751-8158.


To Heal or Not to Heal So I recently found myself in a little bit of trouble with my wife Juli for no less than two horrendous crimes. Transgressions I committed with little regard for her feelings. You see we both started “eating healthier” (aka DIET) at the beginning of April. Call it a springtime cleanse if you will. I had the audacity to lose nine pounds in the first few days. I know right? I’m a jerk. And if that wasn’t bad enough I relayed this little data update right after she awoke from a dream where I was “being lame and weird.” I hadn’t even rubbed the sleep crusties from my eyes and I was already in the doghouse…the being dream lame, dream weird, and lighter. So I got busy healing the relationship.


Springtime is the season for healing…a time for rebirth, rejuvenation, renewal, and regrowth. Every year around this time I could definitely use an extra 110 406


serving of healing and rejuvenation as my body aches from the beating it has endured at the hands of Big Mountain. Oh, but what a great beating it was considering some of those epic powder stretches we were blessed with. I found myself in powder pockets that made me forget about my left knee and how I donated my ACL (not technically “my” ACL, it was in reality my second cadaver graft and it was actually an Achilles tendon pretending to be my ACL) to Echo Lake two summers prior “attempting” a backflip on my wakeboard. I enjoyed solitary Canyon runs that took the pain away from my shoulder, which I separated on Central Ave. showing my 7-year old how cool I am. If writhing around in pain like Tony Romo is cool, consider me Miles Davis. Our bodies are amazing wonders of science and creation. It is a popular concept that we renew our bodies every seven years. In other words every cell in our bodies is replaced by a brand new cell every seven years. As someone who has a Biology degree, I understand that this thought fails to consider tissues in our bodies that do not have the ability or genetic

by Dr. John F. Miller DDS

blueprint to replicate themselves. To simplify things, tissue healing is mostly correlated with blood supply. More blood = faster healing, little to no blood = slow to non-healing. Tissues that receive little to no blood supply include ligaments such as your ACL, cartilaginous tissues between bones and in joints, and teeth. Now, I know a thing or two about teeth so let’s focus our attention there. Teeth are actually made up of three tissue types: the Cementum that forms the root of the tooth; the Dentin that grows from the root out of the gums; and the Enamel that forms a shell around the dentin. These three tissues form a tooth, which encompasses the pulpal tissue consisting of blood vessels and nerves. And while the cementum and dentin immediately adjacent to the pulpal tissue have some very limited ability to regenerate, the tooth for the most part is receiving no blood supply and therefore unable to heal itself. We take diagnostic radiographs, or X-Rays, annually for early detection of tissue damage within the teeth. The majority of this damage is occurring between teeth. If damage is indeed present and left un-

If the decay is still not addressed it will ultimately encroach upon the pulpal tissue. health}


checked it will ultimately extend through the enamel. It is at this point as the decay extends into the dentin that the initial symptoms present themselves. Symptoms such as fast-resolving sensitivity to cold and sweets. If the decay is still not addressed it will ultimately encroach upon the pulpal tissue. It is here that the more severe symptoms arrive in the form of prolonged throbbing following cold and/or hot, along with spontaneous pain that can wake a person from their sleep. These are signs of pulpitis, or inflammation of the pulp tissue. At this point the immune system is fighting a losing battle with the offending bacteria and the symptoms will grow increasingly more severe until the nerve inevitably dies. This nerve death will cause the symptoms to cease. This reprieve from the pain is short lived however, as the bacteria are now at the tip of the root forming a bone abscess that will not be pleasant and is accompanied by pain and swelling (#notsofunfact). This is precisely why having a regular check-up with your dentist with the recommended X-Rays is important, so we can identify decay in its early stages. I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again, tooth decay identified in the early stages will never be easier or cheaper to correct. I understand there are many variables in play when choosing to follow through with dental care. The two major ones are financial barriers and dental anxiety. Or both quite frankly. But I am witness over and over again to pain being much more persuasive than money and fear. And while we are always at the ready to help any and all of our friends experiencing discomfort, we would much rather address it sooner and under better circumstances. We love ya’ll and hate seeing any one of our friends suffering. As I sit here typing I’m thinking of the two frayed ends of my “pretend cadaver ACL” floating in the synovial fluid of my knee. One is connected to the Tibia of my lower leg, and the other to my Femur. There is nothing I can do, or eat, or pray (more likely) that will reunite these two ends. Fortunately I have a very talented and skilled friend in Dr. Rodney Brandt at Flathead Orthopedics that has advanced medical training and knowledge relating to my predicament. Just like you can find four very knowledgeable and skilled dentists, five very knowledgeable and kind hygienists, and an amazing support staff at the Smile Montana Dental Centers in Columbia Falls and Kalispell. Thanks as always for reading my random thoughts on teeth and dentistry. I’m going to wrap up and go patch things up with Juli. She might by annoyed about me losing a few pounds quicker than her, but let’s see if she’s upset when I look like Brad Pitt from Fight Club ;). Ha, in her dreams…and mine.



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By Kristen Hamilton

Help and Hope to Montana Families Each issue of 406 Woman shares the story of lives being changed through families caring for, and sometimes, adopting children from foster care. With a record number of Montana children requiring out-of-home care, the need for families to step up to provide for these children is great.

Child Bridge, a Flathead-based nonprofit serves the state with a simple and focused mission: to find and support foster and adoptive families for Montana children who need a temporary or permanent safe haven. They do this work primarily by working with churches, sharing the need for foster adoptive families and what the foster care or adoptive journey might entail. The work of Child Bridge extends beyond the families who foster, as the organization educates and strengthens churches to wrap their arms around those who are wrapping their arms around the children.


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Supports for families caring for the child of another are vital. Receiving a child in to your home can happen with little notice and behaviors caused by the trauma derived from abuse and neglect can be challenging. Child Bridge provides monthly foster/adoptive family resource and support groups, special trainings and has a staff that serves over 150 families across the state on a regular basis.

As Child Bridge grew in providing support to families, they noticed that something else started happening. They began to receive calls from the State of Montana Department of Child and Family Services with requests for things that would strengthen and improve outcomes for children and families. A foster mom just out of the hospital from a surgery needed help with meals. A foster child exhibiting challenging behaviors due to trauma would benefit from a balance ball and mini trampoline. A single foster mom needed a window repaired to keep the cold out. Child Bridge took these requests on and would connect with church partners by phone, asking if a congregation member would be willing to assist- the need was always met.

Child Bridge Founder and Executive Director, Steve Bryan, thought what was happening was interesting and could be a significant new idea in addressing the growing child welfare problem. He asked, “How can we make this scalable? Every community has children and families in crisis, and the needs are certainly greater than the phone calls we’re receiving. How can we provide a bridge so that more churches can be aware of needs and help overburdened social workers improve outcomes for kids and families on their caseload?” Steve began researching technology solutions that would address what he was seeing happen manually. It didn’t take long to discover the CarePortal technology. The concept was developed by The Global Orphan Project in Kansas City who was beginning to deploy the geospatial solution across the United States. Thanks to Bryan and partnering with Child Bridge, the Child Bridge CarePortal is now serving children, families, churches and social workers in Montana. It’s a simple, yet highly impactful, process. A Child Welfare worker identifies a need...like a crib, men-


Child bridge

“We’re really happy to be a Child Bridge CarePortal church. It provides our congregation with a way to learn about needs in our community in real time, and evaluate if, and how they might be able to help. It’s a tremendous tool that helps increase the capacity of the church by knowing about real and immediate things we can help with.”

toring, or meals and submits the request through the Child Bridge CarePortal. Then, using GEO Radius Technology, the portal quickly sends an invitation to churches within a particular zip code who have agreed to be part of the program. The church point of contact person connects with their congregation to see if someone can meet the need, and then replies to the original email. This same email also puts the church in contact with the social worker to manage the logistics of providing the item to the family. With the implementation of the Child Bridge CarePortal, not only are foster and adoptive family needs being met in a more expansive and efficient way, but this technology is also keeping children in their family of origin. Take the example of a recent request. A biological mom was trying her best, working her rehabilitation program and doing a good job of caring for her kids. Even so, her car was in desperate need of tires. With no use of the car, she would not be able to complete her treatment program, her children could not make mandated therapy appointments, and she’d be at risk of losing her children. Her caseworker posted the need for tires on the Child Bridge CarePortal and the need was met within a few days by a church. The family remains intact. The Child Bridge CarePortal just launched in February in the Flathead Valley, but already it is proving that it provides a way to mobilize the church to step in and help social workers offer assistance to families. The technology is allowing social workers to have an extra tool in their box, giving them the ability to ask “what if?” Imagine that a social worker has a family whose home has been infested with bed bugs, making it an unhealthy place for children to live long term. While the parents do their best to provide a safe and nurturing home for their children, economic hardship makes purchasing new furniture or having the carpet cleaned an impossibility. The social worker tells the parents that they must purchase a new bed for each

of their children or else the children will be removed for their health. If the family is unable to afford a new mattress for each child, the home is deemed unsafe, leading to the removal of the children. Now, through the Child Bridge CarePortal, the social worker can inform the local churches of the need. A church then provides the beds, meeting the physical need that allows the children to stay with their family and not enter the foster system.

Nine Flathead churches are currently participating in the portal. Pastor Randy Passons of Crossroads Christian Fellowship said, “We’re really happy to be a Child Bridge CarePortal church. It provides our congregation with a way to learn about needs in our community in real time, and evaluate if, and how they might be able to help. It’s a tremendous tool that helps increase the capacity of the church by knowing about real and immediate things we can help with.”

While the example of providing beds or tires outlines a physical need, needs may also involve relational opportunities such as mentoring, or transportation to and from visitation appointments for biological families. This means that individuals from local faith communities can provide holistic care for people in need, coming alongside families in whatever way is

Social workers are echoing positive sentiments. As each CarePortal case is closed out, Child and Family Services workers weigh in on the effectiveness of the system and process. With a car repair provided, “This will allow for parents to make the needed appointments for their children.” With special support to a family experiencing severe financial hardship, “You can’t imagine the excitement for this family, but also the social worker. This is why we do what we do, and the Child Bridge CarePortal and the churches made this possible. This is an experience these two sisters will never forget.” And, help moving and placing items in storage, “This mom is in rehab and would’ve lost the items in her home. Now, she can just focus on getting healthy.” With many doing just a little, it can’t help but improve outcomes for children and families. If you’d like more information about how the Child Bridge CarePortal connects the needs of social workers, hurting children and families in our community and churches, contact info@childbridgemontana.org.

most beneficial. The Care Portal has been successfully implemented in Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas and the opportunity to bring it to Montana could be transformative to communities and child welfare across the state. This technology has the capability to help families stay together, equip foster children for adulthood through mentoring, and meet the needs of foster families who are caring for children not their own. By the public and private sectors working together on behalf of the members of our community, society can more comprehensively help those in need.

Child Bridge Founder and Executive Director, Steve Bryan.



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Care in the Air By Mellody Sharpton, MBA

For nearly 40 years, residents of Northwest Montana have become accustomed to the signature distant sound of a rotor engine and the sight of a red dot against the mountainous backdrop. Both signal an emergency. Someone is critically injured, and a helicopter is racing to the scene.

Today, air-ambulance services are commonplace, with hundreds operating across the country. But it was the establishment of Kalispell Regional Healthcare’s Advanced Life-support and Emergency Rescue Team — A.L.E.R.T. — that helped lead that charge.

whamp-whamp of the rotors before we saw the helicopter – just a speck in the sky,” she writes, “ …The chopper sat down and the rotors slowed. [Dr.] Jack [Davis] reached under the tarp to feel for a pulse, and I saw him shake his head dubiously.” The tragic loss of this young logger triggered a collaborative effort between community members, local businesses and Kalispell Regional Hospital to find a better way to provide emergency medical services in the remote terrain of Northwest Montana. The result was the development of a coordinated, hospitalbased helicopter rescue system now known as A.L.E.R.T.

In the spring of 1975, a young logger sustained a critical head injury in a remote area south of Hungry Horse Dam and was transported by the only means available — a helicopter patterned after the kind used during the Korean War. Unequipped for patient transport, the young man was loaded on a Stokes litter, a wire basket strapped to the helicopter’s struts.

Almost immediately, they learned that expenses to operate the program were immense, and it would need philanthropic support to continue. The local community rose to this potential crisis with the formation of the A.L.E.R.T. Board, comprised of community members from local businesses, primary rescue, logging, and Park and Forest Service. Several board members and their families even provided the initial funding to purchase the first helicopter.

In her 2007 book titled Flying High: Saving Lives in the Mountains of Montana, former A.L.E.R.T. flight nurse Ruth Barber recounts the moment that the helicopter landed at Kalispell Regional Hospital, “We heard the

Anticipating the need for a more widespread effort for community financial support, the Board established the annual A.L.E.R.T. banquet. Held in 1979, the inaugural A.L.E.R.T. banquet — the first event of its kind in Kalispell


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— was an enormous success. It generated a profit of $38,000, all of which went directly to the operations of the program. The event has been held annually since that time, and proceeds, coupled with generous financial support from private contributions, gifts, bequests, memorials, annual fund-raisers, grants and reimbursement from patients’ insurance coverage have sustained the program for nearly four decades.

Over the past year, air medical transport has gained attention in Montana. With more and more independent air ambulance services offering services in the state, bills for those services have been at the center of debate. As a hospital-based not-for-profit air medical program, A.L.E.R.T. is unique in that it: · Responds to the scene of emergency calls. Often, after landing, the crew needs additional transport to get to the patient, which can include snowmobile, ATV or even a horse, · Picks up patients in the backcountry, roads/ highways, and facilities — not just at other hospitals like most other services, · Responds when called without confirmation of the patient’s ability to pay,

health} · Responds to the scene when called without charging a patient if air transport was not needed, · Accepts the insurance coverage patients have, and does not bill them for the full balance of the charge, · Has registered nurse/critical care paramedic crews maintain a high level of knowledge and skill, working closely with the receiving physicians, nurses, and specialty staff to provide continuity of care throughout the patient transfer/transport process. Montana is a rugged, massive, beautiful state. Those who live, work, and play here can find themselves a great distance to the nearest hospital. When a medical emergency arises, every moment matters and can make a difference. A.L.E.R.T. provides residents and visitors with the ultimate safety net and the comfort of knowing that emergency medical services are just a flight away. Over the years thousands of people have been thankful for the air ambulance, including one of the most publicized patients in A.L.E.R.T. history — grizzly bear attack victim Johan Otter. While he lay on the cliff below Grinnell Pass in Glacier National Park, broken and critically injured, he heard the A.L.E.R.T. helicopter in the distance. “What is that?” he said.

And the park ranger replied, “That is the sound of your rescue.”

A.L.E.R.T. Facts · A.L.E.R.T. was the first rural hospital-based EMS Helicopter operation in the country in 1975. · The original A.L.E.R.T. Bell 206 often did not have enough power to lift off with the patient, medic, nurse and pilot. As a result, the medics would be left behind. After the crew delivered the patient to the hospital, they would return for their stranded team member. · A.L.E.R.T. was the first FAA approved EMS helicopter program certified under Part 135 of the federal aviation regulations. · Last year alone, A.L.E.R.T. flew 496 missions.

· Since 1980, A.L.E.R.T. has flown more than 15,500 hours in three different helicopters owned and operated by A.L.E.R.T. · A.L.E.R.T. has documented more than 1,500 life salvages since beginning operations. Without transport by A.L.E.R.T., these critical patients would have died. · The current Bell 407 helicopter cost $1.6 million in 1999. · A.L.E.R.T. has flown 30 victims of grizzly bear attacks. · Maintenance expenses run about $200,000 per year. · The Bell 407 burns nearly 50 gallons of fuel per hour.

30th Annual A.L.E.R.T. Banquet

Saturday, April 29, 2017 5:30 – 6:30 p.m. Hosted Cocktails 7 p.m. Dinner Tickets are $300 per couple. Contact Lori Alsbury by calling 752-1710 or by email at lalsbury@krmc.org.



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Next Chapter in the Legacy How many times have you heard, “Do you have any idea how lucky you are to live here? You are surrounded by incredible beauty everywhere you look, and people here are so helpful and friendly!” Our summer visitors, tourists we meet on the hiking trail, fellow conference attendees, everyone who experiences Montana and Montana communities – remind us again and again of our great fortune to live in this place – the home that we cherish and strive to preserve for future generations. Local community foundations were founded more than 100 years ago to ensure that what is good about our hometowns remains strong, what needs critical attention is addressed, and that the hopes and dreams of our community are given wings. The Flathead Community Foundation (FCF) was established in 2005 by local citizens who understood the value of creating a public charity for those very reasons.

Notes from a Founder:

“I saw the benef its to a community as the Whitef ish Community Foundation gained momentum, and felt that Kalispell and the greater Flathead Valley needed a similar tool. I shared my idea with colleagues and friends who helped form a Steering Committee and hold a series of community conversations. We soon assembled enough interested people to form the f irst Board of Directors, some from the Steering Committee and others responding to an article in the Daily Inter


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Lake. I worked on the IRS form 1023 application for tax-exempt status with the help of an attorney on the Board. The Kalispell Chamber of Commerce hosted our meetings and allowed us to take in early donations through the Chamber Foundation until we got tax-exempt status. Board members were generous in helping to fund initial expenses.

We had many discussions about the philosophy and mission of the new Flathead Community Foundation. As one of the founding members and the driver of the process for its f irst 2 years, I would say that it was my desire to create a Community Foundation that would serve the donors and non-prof its of Flathead County and leave a legacy of philanthropy for our area.” Initially, FCF operated under the direction of an all-volunteer Board, and then with the skillful assistance of a part-time Administrator. In 2012, the Board hired its first Executive Director to help build public awareness, donor participation, and community grantmaking. From the vision of a few to the charitable vehicle for an entire community, FCF is steadily growing charitable assets and a culture of local philanthropy for the good of the Flathead forever. This year marked a new chapter for the Foundation as the Executive Director torch was passed to Judy Sommers. Judy brings more than 35 years’ experience in finance and insurance, paired with equal years of nonprofit volunteer service, fundraising, and personal philanthropy.

“This is an opportunity for me to channel my passion for philanthropic endeavors to help the community I am deeply committed to, and have been fully participating in for more than 40 years. I am excited to share my ideas, community connections, and my vision for taking the Flathead Community Foundation to the next level.” Outgoing Director Lucy Smith shares the excitement. “The possibilities for lifting up and sustaining our community are as broad and deep as our vision and commitment. Together, we are creating the best Flathead Valley for our children and grandchildren. Every person, project, and organization we were privileged to work with during my five years at the Foundation is helping to light the way. Judy brings great energy, skills, and heart for the mission of the Flathead Community Foundation. I look forward to all that awaits us.”


Community Foundations are independent, public charities that steward philanthropic resources from institutional and individual donors to support local nonprof its and address local opportunities and needs. The Flathead Community Foundation is one of more than 700 local community foundations in the United States and more than 70 in Montana. www.flatheadcommunityfoundation.org

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