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406 contents featured 10. Miss Montana USA 12. I Want Her Job Alice Steinglass

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14. Ross Strauser

profile

Legal

16. Mindy Pfankuch-Zaragoza 18. Big Mountain Thrift

business

28. Easements in Montana

giving back

24. Taming Your Tyrant

20. Programs with a Purpose

non-profit 22. Changed Lives The Gardner’s

54. Flathead Care Partners with Local Coalitions 58. The Foundation of Community

Health

32. Prenatal Diagnosis and Genetic Counseling 36. North Valley Hospital Birth Center 40. Misconceptions in Skin Care Part I 42. One Small Change for Big Results 46. Long-Acting Reversible Contraception 48. Ear Infections 50. Be Excellent to Each Other…Daggone It! 52. Ways to Quit

Published by Skirts Publishing six times a year 704 C East 13th St. #138 Whitefish, MT 59937 info@406woman.com Copyright©2016 Skirts Publishing

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Miss Montana USA Is A Tough

Beauty Queen She’s a Former Rugby Player

Photo by Dax Photography

Sibahn Doxey, 22, is more than a beauty queen. She’s an athlete, the oldest of five kids, and a member of the National Rifle Association. By Maureen Francisco

406 Magazine: How did you get into pageants? Sibahn: It was the summer of 2010 when I decided I wanted to compete in a pageant. I was about to be a senior and my sights were set on attending Baylor University. Being a private college, it was really expensive. So after looking at different scholarship options I decided I’d give Miss Montana Teen USA a shot. With zero experience on “being a girl” (I’m a big tomboy), I actually won on the first go! At that point, I didn’t even know I would go on to compete in the world’s largest teen pageant: Miss Teen USA. I found competing so exhilarating that I was hooked after that. I have basically dedicated the last five years to preparing mentally and physically for Miss USA, and now I finally have that opportunity. 406 Magazine: What has competing in pageants taught you? Sibahn: Competing in pageants has taught me several important life lessons:

with misperceptions often, but I take pride in being unique. Plus, it’s amusing to see people’s reactions when I tell them!

1. Take charge of your own life and situation. I wouldn’t have the opportunities that I have right now if I didn’t take risks and go for what I really wanted.

406 Magazine: You’re a former Miss Montana Teen USA. You mentioned competing for the title of Miss Montana USA was a tougher journey? Explain. Sibahn: Any former Teen USA contestant can tell you that there is a pressure we feel if we compete for a Miss USA title. The tough part is ignoring the criticism and realizing everything you do is for you and not to prove something to people you don’t know. Now that I have the title of Miss Montana USA, I feel invincible. I know that I make Montana proud.

2. Another lesson would be problem solving. Very rarely do schedules go exactly as planned, so being able to be flexible and create options to get to the final goal is a trait I’ve been happy to learn. 3. I’ve also learned how to handle rejection. Learning how to lose gracefully is a lesson we tend to look over. Only one girl wins the crown. So learning how to pick yourself up and remind yourself that there is a different path for you takes skill. 406 Magazine: When people look at you, what are their misperceptions (if any) about you? Sibahn: “Rugby playing beauty queen” is probably one of the biggest oxymorons out there. I deal

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406 Magazine: You are also a fitness model and actress. What made you decide to pursue the entertainment industry? Sibahn: Growing up participating in theater, the entertainment industry was a right fit. Acting was always my passion, and it was even my childhood dream job. I took a break for a while. Then I had the opportunity to be fea-

tured in Furious Seven and I had the acting bug once again. I have been in several movies since: Hunger Games: Mockingjay Part 2, Insurgent, Nice Guys, Drop Dead Diva and Burn Notice. I plan on becoming a stunt woman! As for Fitness, it has always been an interest of mine. I was scouted by a modeling agency when I was 17, and I picked it up pretty quickly. Last December I decided to further my career by visiting New York City to sign with a bigger agency. I ended up signing with a fitness agency, Silver Model Management. Since then I’ve modeled for companies like Everlast, UFC, Goodlife, and I even had a casting with Victoria’s Secret! 406 Magazine: As a model and actress, you’ve had the opportunity to travel the world. What city is your favorite to visit and why? Sibahn: I’ve been very fortunate to have traveled my whole life. I would have to say that Edinburg, Scotland was my favorite place I have visited. It’s so beautiful and the culture and the people were incredible! I love traveling in Europe because there is so much history to learn.


406 Magazine: However, Montana has a special place in your heart. Sibahn: When I’m here, I can appreciate God’s miracles. No matter where I am in the state, I can look up on a clear night sky and be so overwhelmed by the stars. I feel like our culture is so busy nowadays that we forget to stop and enjoy what’s around us. Here, it’s easy to be reminded. 406 Magazine: Aside from Montana, you’re passionate about the Wounded Warrior Project. Sibahn: I have really enjoyed working with the organization. I believe that it is so important to take care of those men and women who risked their lives to protect our freedoms. 406 Magazine: There are so many layers to you, but at home though, you’re just Sibahn. What would your family say is your biggest strength and weakness? Sibahn: I have a tendency to be a tad bossy. I am the oldest of five so sometimes I have to be the mean big sister for anything to get done. “Miss Meantana” is the nickname I’ve received by my siblings. My biggest strength though is that I lead by example. I show my siblings that they can do whatever makes them happy, no matter how challenging it is.

Fun Facts About Sibahn: *Mommy to a dachshund named Ivy *Obsessed with anything huckleberry *Level One certified rugby referee *Member of the National Honors Society of Collegiate Scholars *Relationship status: Happily Taken *Dream job: On-air reporter for ESPN or a sports team *Celebrity crush: Chris Hemsworth Sibahn will be competing at Miss USA televised on FOX sometime in 2016. Jami will be competing at Miss Teen USA in the summer of 2016. Miss USA and Miss Teen USA are part of the Miss Universe Organization owned by WME | IMG, the global leader in entertainment, sports, events, media and fashion. Operating in more than 25 countries, the company specializes in talent representation and management; brand strategy, activation and licensing; media production and distribution; and event management. For more information: visit missmontanausa.com.

Above photos by Jerry and Lois Photography

Who is Miss Montana Teen USA Jami Forseth?

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Jami Forseth?

She watched her big sister compete for the miss title for two years and then realized, she could stand on that very stage too. Two attempts and two years later, Jami Forseth is now Miss Montana Teen USA. 406 Magazine: How are you preparing for Miss Teen USA? Jami: I’m not changing my lifestyle, but enhancing it. I'm stricter about what I eat, and I exercise regularly. I'm moving back to my home in Huntley so I can focus more on doing appearances and making the most of my year! I'm really focused on making my state proud at nationals! 406 Magazine: What has the pageant experience taught you? Jami: It taught me to chase my dreams with zero hesitation and to never steer away from my beliefs. It's incredible how much I've grown since I watched my first pageant, and to see all the amazing young women who competed with me through the years grow themselves. The Miss Montana USA | Miss Montana Teen USA pageant has inspired me and so many other girls to step out of their comfort zones and to realize their full potential.  Fun Facts: *Jami is the youngest of four children. She has three older sisters. *She spends most of her time riding horses bareback, raising baby goats and training her 300 pound pig to sit. *Her hero is her mom. *Jami is almost six feet tall. *Dream job: Helping people in need by training service dogs to improve their lives

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I Want Her Job:

Alice Steinglass, Vice President of Product and Marketing, Code.org By Brianne Burrowes This article originally appeared on IWantHerJob.com. Alice Steinglass always knew she liked math and science. Bigger yet, she loved understanding how the world works. With a knack for taking things apart to figure out how they worked, Alice was a lover of the logic of math and science and how neatly everything fit together. But, at the same time, while growing up she also was a creative, making whatever she could out of construction paper found around her childhood house. She felt a pull. She would have to choose between creativity and the concrete logic of math and science.

When Alice discovered computer science, however, she realized it was a magic field, allowing her to combine her love of creativity and logic.

Now the vice president of product and marketing for Code.org, it’s her mission to help introduce others to the world of computer science and the power it holds.

How did you discover coding? What prompted you to learn to code?

I first discovered coding in second grade. They taught Logo in my class. Logo is really simple computer programming. The idea is that there’s a turtle on the screen, and you’re moving that turtle around. You can make the turtle move forward, turn and draw. With a few simple instructions, you can turn simple triangles into amazing spiral patterns. It’s like the old Spirograph toy, but you can break out of the plastic to create your own designs.

Again, it was that combination of art and computing that I loved. After that class ended, I didn’t pick up programming again for years.

I think the fact that I wasn’t programming from a young age is something that made me different from many others I saw in computer science. I’ve been working in an industry where some people have been taking computers apart since they were 4 years old. I started really learning computer science in high school through formal education. I enjoyed the logic puzzles, but it can be intimidating to be surrounded by students who know so much more than you about how to hack a system or build a network. Outside of class, I made some video

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“Two-thirds of computer science jobs are outside of the tech industry. This makes sense: almost every industry today uses technology – from marketing to medicine to shopping or entertainment. No matter what you want to do with your career, knowing some computer science amplifies your opportunities,” Alice says. “It's amazing how much opportunity there is and how little we are teaching it.”

games and tried to break into my little brother’s account to see if I could embarrass him. But, it wasn’t until I was in college that I realized I could take my experience outside the classroom and go create an entire product on my own. Some classmates and I worked with a professor to build a startup. Like many tech startups from 15 years ago, it isn’t around anymore. But, knowing I had the skills to build a real website and product with paying customers was extremely empowering. Another aspect of computer science I love is that it actually goes much faster than the other sciences. For example, if you’re doing biology, you design an experiment, and then you wait, and wait, and wait. You wait for chemicals to react, or bacteria to mutate or for something to grow up. In computer science you can have an idea, try it out and then see it that day. If it doesn’t work, you try something else right then. The speed at which you can play and try things is amazing.

After college you worked at Microsoft for years. What prompted you to leave Microsoft for Code.org?

I loved my job at Mircrosoft. Before I left, I was the group program manager on HoloLens. In this role I spent my time focusing on how to build a UX

platform, a user experience and a shell for placing holograms in space. I thought about things like, “Where do your apps go when you can put them anywhere?” It was a fascinating project.

While I loved my job and the people I worked with, I couldn’t help but notice the lack of diversity in my industry. I attended conferences that were 95% male and often there was not a single African American or Hispanic coder in the room. And, I’d find myself outside of work (when I had free time) volunteering in the classroom teaching computer science. After one class, I had all the little girls in the room coming up to me to show me their heart robots and tell me they wanted to make their own apps when they grow up. When the product and marketing job opened up at Code.org, I interviewed immediately. I believe in the mission of Code.org: that every child should have the opportunity to learn computer science. I want to give third grade Megan the same chance I’ve had to spend her day at work building and creating cool products. We need to increase diversity in tech. There are a lot of things we can do to support women and minorities in the workplace and improve retention. But, the first problem is educational opportunity. If most African Ameri-


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Alice Steinglass

Computer

science is an industry that is growing incredibly quickly, and we just aren't teaching our students the skills they need to obtain jobs in this new market.

can students don’t even have the chance to study computer science, we’ll never see a balanced workplace in tech.

Code.org is making meaningful impact in this space – reaching millions of students, so I knew I wanted to join this mission. For example, if just 1% of the middle school girls who’ve enrolled in Code.org’s class eventually majored in computer science, it would triple the number of women going into tech.

What responsibilities do you focus on throughout the course of a day in your role?

One of the best things about Code.org is that we’re looking at the problem of diversity and opportunity in tech from multiple angles. On one hand we want to create great tutorials and coding classes so students can learn how to code, but that's not enough.

We also have to help the teachers learn how to teach these classes. Because tech is such a new industry, most of the teachers today did not learn how to code or how the internet works as part of their education. We create professional development workshops to help give them the skills they need to teach computer science in their classes. And, we work to support these teachers by partnering with school districts, raising awareness and gathering support for computer science curriculum at the district, state and national level.

As the head of the product, engineering and marketing teams, part of my job is to work on a day-to-day basis with engineers to make sure the code works, figure out what we’re building next, determine how we’re going to build it – and who’s going to build it, and then test it and try it myself. But, us trying it ourselves is obviously not enough. I also spend time understanding how teachers, students and parents are using our tools. Last week, I visited a classroom. I got to watch 24 seventh graders learn algebra by making video games where rockets shoot in the air at a rate of x^2 +10.

I also look at the website’s analytics to see who’s using our various tools, how they’re using it, what they’re clicking on and where they’re running into problems.

And, I work with the education team, comprised of experts who have years of experience teaching and building curriculum. I discuss things with this team like: Are the students learning what we are trying to teach them? Are the students having fun while they are learning it? What's been effective in terms of teaching tools and what can we change to make it more effective? I also frequently meet with external partners in the education industry or companies who support our mission.

And, once we’ve built our tools, we need to make sure we have the right messaging. This involves working on our website, articles, emails, tweets, etc.

as learning the basics of biology, physics or other core curriculum. If we dissect frogs in high school, we can also learn what happens inside your computer.

What is the Code.org culture like?

That's crazy. You would think every Seattle school would have computer science.

As you can tell, my day is fragmented in a number of different directions. But, that’s one of my favorite parts of the job.

The No. 1 thing I see is just a passion for the space. Everyone who is here is here because they believe in what they’re doing. It's great to work at a company where people are there not just because of the paycheck, not just because they are trying to get ahead, but because they care. 

Why do you feel the Code.org mission is so vitally important?

Computer science is an industry that is growing incredibly quickly, and we just aren't teaching our students the skills they need to obtain jobs in this new market. And, these are great jobs! On average, they pay 85% above the median income. And, they can be fun, creative and interesting. In what other field do you get paid to design video game leaderboards? (My first job straight out of college) Or, cool lighting effects for blockbuster movies? (My bridesmaid’s first job out of CS grad school)

Right now there is already a gap between available jobs and students who are qualified to go take those jobs. That gap continues to grow. And as technology becomes even bigger, there is even more of a gap developing.

You know, my son’s school still doesn’t teach computer science.

I live in a suburb, which contains Microsoft, Expedia, as well as a lot of other tech companies, and it’s still not taught.

With tech being an aspect of our life that’s always on, how do you prioritize when to step away and unwind, without your devices nearby?

It’s just a question of picking your priorities. I decided a long time ago that my family was my top priority, even when I took this job. When I was asked in my first interview what my priorities were in terms of a job, my response was that my No. 1 priority is my family.

I simply carve out the time to say, “Hey, we’re going to have dinner together.” I know I can always get back online later. The nice thing about technology is that it’s always on, so it will wait for you until whenever you're ready to use it. It means I can go on a hike Saturday and check in on my email when my daughter is napping. Plus, my kids need a little bit of a break because they don't want to be with me 100% of the time either!

In 2020 there is going to be a job gap of 1 million. It is projected there will be 1.4 million computer science jobs, but only 400,000 trained people who can take on those jobs. Yet, despite this, we still are not teaching computer science in most schools. Even if we agree we want to change this, it's a hard thing to change quickly. How do you teach computer science when the teachers weren't taught how to do it?

If a school wants to teach more “STEM” (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math), they know how to do that. They can teach more science and more math. Teachers learned how to teach science and math, but if they want to teach computer science there's often nobody at the school who knows how to teach computer science. And, in the same way that the tech industry can’t hire computer scientists fast enough, education systems can’t hire computer scientists. They just aren’t readily available.

It's crazy that there are students in America who still don’t get exposure to computer science. Even if they don’t code for their job, learning the basics of how the internet works is as important today

Brianne Burrowes,

a born-and-raised Montanan, is the founder of I Want Her Job, an award-winning website empowering women in their career search. She also is senior consumer marketing manager at NASCAR track Phoenix International Raceway. You can follow her on Twitter @iwantherjob and read more interviews like this on iwantherjob.com.

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Ross Strauser By Naomi Morrison

The sound of MUSIC! The beat, the melodies, the inspiration, the flowing memories. Music is woven in to the fabric of our lives. For Ross Strauser, owner of BigValeyRadio.com, radio, music and developing entertaining and informative shows have intertwined throughout his professional life. A Montana native, Ross began his career as a radio broadcaster back in 1980. Like most disc jockeys, he worked in many markets and in just as many music formats before landing in Bozeman Montana. In 1989 he was transferred to the Flathead Valley with a local radio company and the rest is history. "This is where our family roots are" he said.

After working locally as a live show host, production director, music director, and program director for 18 years in local terrestrial radio, almost everyone knew his name and his voice. Between humorous on-air antics and donated time to a lengthy list of community organizations, he was able to make quite the name for

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himself. In January of 2007 he stepped away from his comfort zone and started Montana's first all-internet radio station. "I wanted to break away and do something on my own" Ross said. "We knew we were getting in to internet-radio in its infancy, but I wanted to jump at the chance to be a part of this fast-growing technology." He continued "I'm intrigued by technology and entrepreneurs. I'm always looking at anything new and I tend to follow it."

As an internet-based radio station, BigValleyRadio.com isn't regulated by the FCC like traditional radio, and the listening audience isn't limited to the airwaves, it's a global marketplace. As such, the listening audiences tend to be different from one another.

"For the most part, our audience looks at traditional radio as an old-school thing. People who listen on-line want something different than what radio has to offer" he said. "They are a younger audience with a craving for a larger variety of music and entertaining shows. Constant change is important to them."

Ross met the challenge by starting BigValleyRadio.com. With his years of experience as a broadcaster, professional audio producer and show developer, he partnered with his wife Sue who was already experienced in writing, website design and coding, photography, film and video production and more. The two started Big Valley Entertainment specializing in audio production, and professional voice over- not only for Ross, but big name clients such as Jungle Jack Hanna, The History Channel, BBC, 20th Century Fox, Dreamworks,


"Happy Hour

is the show I've always

wanted to do, every Friday we have five to eight live guests in the studio, we let them pick their favorite songs and give their opinions on just about everything...except politics. It's a lot of fun" Westwood One Radio Network, and NBC just to name a few. To get the internet radio station up and running, all they had to do was retrofit the existing studio space with new equipment, and add a lot of computers. BigValleyRadio started off strong and the industry continues to grow.

Their

original show "Happy Hour" was an instant hit and remains the number one show in the line-up. "Happy Hour is the show I've always wanted to do, every Friday we have five to eight live guests in the studio, we let them pick their favorite songs and give their opinions on just about everything... except politics. It's a lot of fun" Currently there are seven active programs with two more on the horizon in February. The Trail Guys is a humorous look at backcountry horseman (Andy Breland and Robert Eversole) who like to play off one another. The second show has yet to be named, but will be hosted by Paula Greenstein (owner of Wasabi Restaurant in Whitefish). Already an experienced radio host, Greenstein's topics will include a healthy lifestyle, GMO's, the gluten-free diet fact or fad, and so much more.

But Ross' favorite show is Jungle Jack's Zooniacs. Having worked with Jack Hanna for more than 18 years on three different TV shows, it was seamless to get started. The young hosts write their own interview questions, jokes and more. They travel around the U.S. and southern Canada visiting zoos and animal-related destinations to record Zooniacs guests on-location. They bring the audio back to Whitefish Montana for editing and production before airing.

And Big Valley Radio's Trivia Night shouldn't be missed. Every Wednesday at 7 p.m. at the Whitefish Lake Golf Course Restaurant, Ross along with his co-hosts Vicki Johnston and Sue Strauser give away 50 to 100 prizes from 20 different sponsors each week. Make reservations because they often sell out. Being a part of the community is very important to Ross. His most notable involvement is with the Whitefish Winter Carnival. He helps to organize the Merry Maker, MC's the Carnival parade, is past president having served for three years, and was even crowned the 50th Prime Minister in 2009. Ross is also proud of his involvement with the North Valley Music School (advisory board), Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation, The Two Bear Marathon, Whitefish Community Foundation's Duck Derby, Glacier Symphony (past board member), and Marketing Consultant for the Wave Aquatic and Fitness Center. In addition, he al-

ways keeps the airwaves of his station open to non-profit organizations.

"There's a mile-long list of the organizations and events I've been a part of" he said. "I think it's something we all need to do: Take part in our community. It transfers to numbers, friends and relationships." No stranger to accolades, Ross is the past recipient of Montana Broadcasters Association awards for Best Producer, Public Service Award and Copywriter of the Year.

When not in the Big Valley Radio studios, he, Sue, son Ross Michael (Rmi), and daughter Myah spend a lot of time relaxing in Glacier National Park. Rmi is a talented young musician currently majoring in music education at University of Montana. Myah, who attends Whitefish High School, loves acting and has held several leading roles for Whitefish Theatre Company, Alpine Theatre Project and Whitefish High School Drama Department. She is also a talented drummer and pianist. But like Ross says, "It all comes back to the studio." He's always looking for new show ideas and new talent, so drop him a line. Visit www.bigvalleyradio.com and listen to the 24/7 live stream, or hundreds of hours of on-demand archived programming.

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Spotlight on

Mindy PfankuchZaragoza

Owner of Northern Charm Creations By Kari Gabriel Photos By Amanda Wilson Photography

The first thing that comes to mind after meeting Mindy Pfankuch-Zaragoza, is EN-E-R-G-Y! Mindy works full time as the office manager for Alpine Family Dental, and also has her own business, Northern Charm Creations. She started her company as a result of a post on Facebook that went viral. She was going to school in San Diego at the time, and made a vinyl sticker for her car with the outline of Montana, featuring a heart over the Flathead. She was really missing “home,” and posted a picture of her sticker online and a bunch of people went crazy trying to get one! She came up with the idea to manufacture them back then, and dreamed of having her own company someday. That dream became a reality, and look at her go! Mindy opened an up an online store, and started selling her vinyl decals in June of 2014. From there, she expanded to coffee mugs, and moved into more drink ware, like shot glasses, wine glasses, coffee cups, beer steins and mason drinking jars. Of her success, Mindy says, “I am so proud of where I’m from, and feel very fortunate that I grew up in such a wonderful place. Many can only dream of living here!”

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In order to create her vinyl decals, Mindy uses a computer software program, a vinyl cutter to make the decals, and then uses a clear transfer material to adhere the decals to her glass ware. She also sells the decals separately, so you can put them on your car windows, water bottles, growlers, notebooks, or anything else that you’d apply a sticker to. The decals are available in a variety of colors, as are the coffee mugs. Decals can also be ordered with or without the heart over your favorite area in Montana. The beauty of Mindy’s decals being hand-made, allows her to customize them for her clients. Mindy’s etsy store is open and available for online ordering any hour of the day, at lovemymontana.com. Ordering is a breeze, and she involves her entire family in the manufacturing and order fulfillment process. She is married and has a son in 2nd grade, and a step-daughter, also in 2nd grade. Mindy credits her husband, Brian, with keeping her grounded and balancing their family time with work. She was a single mom for four years, and met him when her son was 4 years old. She picked up side jobs and did what she needed to make ends meet. “As a single mom, you can either have the attitude of ‘poor me,’ and ask for lots of assistance, or you can figure out how to make it all work yourself. I managed to make a living and buy a house by myself, before I even met my husband. My parents taught me how to be accountable, and that the world doesn’t owe me anything.”


It is this attitude and energy that has helped Northern Charm Creations double in her first year of business. She began adding wholesale accounts, and her products are available locally at O’Briens Liquor & Wine in Columbia Falls; and Think Local, Route 56 Designs, and Sassafras Artist’s Cooperative in Kalispell. She also wholesales her products to the Pad & Pencil in Anaconda, and to the Montana Chocolate Company in Missoula. Mindy is very down to earth, and wants her customers to be happy. She welcomes input, and is looking forward to expanding her business even further. This year, she is adding some handmade Christmas stockings to her product list. They will be available on a very limited basis, as an experiment, and her Mom will be helping her make them. Mindy says she has wanted her own business since she was very young, probably 13 or so. “I always wanted to either own my own company, or be the CEO, and I started with that drive at a young age.” She also has a soft spot for single Moms. At some point, perhaps when things slow down a bit for her (yeah, right!), she’d like to get involved somehow in teaching them how to budget, get themselves on their feet, and help them be successful. In the limited spare time that she does have, there is always a project that needs to be worked on and finished. She might be painting furniture or working on other house projects. She also likes to get out hunting, biking, hiking and swimming in area lakes with her family. Mindy lost her Dad two years ago, and since then, she says she has had a much better perspective on what is important, and that is her family. For now, she is quite content working four days a week at Alpine Dental, and growing Northern Charm Creations while raising her young family.

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If you’d like to see more of Mindy’s designs, visit lovemymontana.com, or check them out at her retail locations. She’d be happy to hear from you!

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Big Mountain

Thrift

By Crystal Donovan Photos by Alisia Dawn Photography

Everyone has a dream. Some people act on their dreams. Some do not. Sometimes unforeseen circumstances bring people together with similar dreams and aspirations. Our story starts when we married two brothers that were living their dream as professional hunting guides in Alaska. They followed their dream that started as kids growing up in the great state of Montana. We soon found a common dream with our passion for shopping thrift stores and seeing people provide for their families in a way that was fun, financially sound, family inclusive and environmentally sensible. People with limited budgets and wealthy families alike strive to “get a deal” on the basic staples of living by re-using goods, and re-purposing items by combining compatible materials and creating unique household items at a fraction of the price of buying new.

This life style is more popular than ever before because more people are concerned with the environment and their carbon foot print. People from all walks of life are seeing the beauty of re-purposed goods and are finding they do have artistic capabilities simply by combining items that are compatible with unusable items that were considered single-purpose. Creating a functional item for home use from items once considered “clutter or junk” is not only environmentally beneficial, it is fun and can be very functional.

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For years, we spent many hours walking the aisles of a variety of thrift stores, envisioning what we would do to improve, modify and create something new from an unlikely combination of materials. Who ever thought a functioning table could be made from a discarded window with lamps for legs and old barn wood trim for sides? We tried to visually create a number of household items we could design and build for a very reasonable price. We frequently discussed what we would like to see in a thrift store and spent considerable time designing the “perfect” store that provided the selection of goods suitable for home and commercial re- purposing. We then visualized optimum traffic flow patterns, signage, store display areas, cleanliness standards, accessibility to product and very importantly, the overall attitude of staff and management. We, like most people, felt we could do better creating a store that reflected our dream business but recognized that we needed something to move from the planning and discussion phase to the actual action phase.


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“We

are able to bring our kids

to work with us on a daily basis if we choose, and we find that people enjoy the family atmosphere and interaction with other children. This makes shopping a pleasant experience. We are happy to be able to involve our families to create a welcome, warm and childfriendly time to be creative with home projects and take on projects that are truly unique and personal,”

That “something” came in the form of a tragic event when a very near and dear friend of ours, Brett Thoft died in an airplane accident in December, 2014 near Ronan, Montana. Brett was only 34-years-old when he passed away, but in his 34 years, he personified living life to the fullest degree. He mastered flying and living in the Alaska bush as a pilot and aircraft maintenance expert far beyond his years. He was the first one to step up when someone was in need and will be missed by his many, many friends and professional connections. He left a beautiful wife and two precious little girls. He was a dedicated family man, and his family meant everything to him. “It was amazing to watch him with his family, showing that ever present grin, when his girls were doing silly things just to get dad's approval and a big hug,” said Crystal Donovan. Holly Behm commented, “Brett's manner was easy going, positive and humble with his only vice being hot coffee all day, every day.”

Brett never stepped away from any task and lived everyday creating a positive and caring lifestyle for his family and friends. His tenacity to take on projects became clear to us when we were considering our business venture. We would ask, “what would Brett do?” More often than not, we both felt Brett would say “go for it, girls, you will never regret doing something that you feel so passionate about, chase that dream.” “Every day when I step through the front door of our store, I get an overwhelming feeling of warmth in my heart, knowing Brett is still with

us in spirit, with that grin on his face saying, see I told you, now get to work,” commented Holly.

Once we made the final decision to move ahead, we decided to locate our business in the beautiful town of Whitefish. It is a place we knew we wanted to raise our families and become a part of the business community. Whitefish has proven to be a perfect fit for us, and we have found the community support phenomenal, much beyond what we expected. We are committed to Whitefish and its people and feel blessed to find such a wonderful place to raise our children.

“We are able to bring our kids to work with us on a daily basis if we choose, and we find that people enjoy the family atmosphere and interaction with other children. This makes shopping a pleasant experience. We are happy to be able to involve our families to create a welcome, warm and child-friendly time to be creative with home projects and take on projects that are truly unique and personal,” said Crystal. “We have dads, moms, aunts, uncles, and grandparents take a break from shopping and get down on the floor and play with our kids and read book's when they are in our store shopping. It's very satisfying when our customers ask where the kids are if they are not in the store.” Big Mountain Thrift carries a wide variety of products. Because of the dedication of giving

people, it is very encouraging to see just how generous people are with their donations. We pledge to respect each and every donated item, and place the products where they will do the most for the community. We have everything from clothes, home goods, outdoor gear, jewelry, books, bottles and records. Our customers find it amazing what can be found in our little store. When combined with other products, it can result in a really unique and personal project. We have in some places double-stacked couches and dressers just to make room and get someone a “great” deal. We keep our prices low because price/value is what people are looking for when thrift store shopping. In addition to our normal products, we have a small consignment boutique area where we carry handmade goods and locally consigned clothes, shoes and home goods. “It's just a little something we like to include. Shoppers can find items that are on the higherend while thrift-store shopping, plus we help local crafters market their product,” commented Holly Behm. Since opening in March of 2015, we have been able to financially support the Whitefish Library, Whitefish Food Bank, The Springs, Family Friendly Flathead, Glacier Hope Homes, American Cancer Society, Genesis Homes, private individuals and families, as well as the Brett Thoft Memorial Fund. We are Montana people and know how Montana people help each other out in times of need. We are thankful to the people of Whitefish and appreciate their generous support of our business.

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charitable giving}

programs with a purpose

Park Side Credit Union takes fun seriously. Written by Josh Kroll Photo by Scott Wilson Photography

Park Side Credit Union is set to kick off another great year with the innovative Partner Program that strives to develop unique and cooperative relationships with local non-profit organizations. Last year the program funded five qualifying recipients with a total of $25,000, and now in 2016 the donation will be repeated and even expanded.  Park Side has branch offices in both Missoula and Flathead County and has chosen to work with several non-profits in each area.  The benefit to the communities is a rich investment in essential human and cultural services

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In 2015, through the #ParkSidePartners program, the credit union committed a high level of support to the Missoula Children’s Theater, CASA Missoula, Mountain Home Montana, Hockaday Museum of Art, and CASA Flathead. Special events, staff volunteer groups, financial support, and grassroots marketing strategies highlight the program.  “The relationships we’re able to build this year will continue long into the future.  This is about more than money – it’s a lasting partnership on a more personal level that brings increased exposure and awareness to the critical nonprofit organizations that serve our members and our communities,” says Josh Kroll, VP of Marketing. The idea was born and bred in a marketing think tank at Park Side Credit Union, where the strategy is to connect on a wavelength that is exceptional yet totally natural – the credit union itself is a legitimate not-for-profit institution. “We feel really comfortable in the non-profit world since that’s who are – we’re founded on the cooperative principles, we are a member-owned democratic organization with a commitment to service, and we plan to establish an incredible network of cooperation and to leave a legacy of goodwill through programs just like this one,” Kroll says.


“If they weren’t close before, they are now” Social media serves as a valid platform for the progressive financial institution, and it happens to be just one of the ways that Park Side promotes their Partners’ events and activities. Kroll explains the unique approach: “It’s an environment of shared success, where at the end of the day, we’re both serving the people in our communities and it’s absolutely fantastic if we can work together to make the effort more effective and impactful.” The Credit Union amplifies the core message of the non-profit Partner and advertises to its 24,000 members. “Some of these non-profit organizations are lesserknown, they fly under the radar – we can’t settle for that.” We don’t have to any more, thanks to the Partner Program.

Each year the credit union adds to the web of Partners and soon hopes to have connected with the majority of nonprofits in the area. Organizations can get involved by responding to the annual RFP that is made available on Park Side’s website. Interviews are conducted by a staff selection committee, in which the non-profit representatives get to tell their story and manifest the passion they have for their mission. It’s an enlightening and engaging process, and the result of all the work shows up when a non-profit experiences some of its most successful fundraising. “That’s the real reason for this: to make a difference by doing it differently, investing all the way to the ground level.”

Photo on page 18 from left to right: Jeri Delys (CASA Missoula), Naomi Lichtenberg (Missoula Children’s Theater), Noreen Cady (PSCU Business Development Manager), Angie Meehan (PSCU Community Outreach Coordinator), Carol Beniger (PSCU VP of Lending), Crissie McMullan (Mountain Home Montana)

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nonprofit}

Changed lives

Meet The Gardner’s By Mary Bryan

Child Bridge is a Flathead Valley faith-based nonprofit that launched in 2011 in the with a very simple and focused mission… “to find and support foster and adoptive families for Montana children in need. Across the state, there’s a lack of trained and licensed families to care for these children who are victims of abuse or neglect. And with limited awareness of the need, children may be removed from their communities and everything familiar to them, bounced from place to place, or even languish in group homes. Child Bridge bridges the gap between churches, community and government to find the right families, and walk alongside them on what can be a difficult journey. There are a record number of children coming into foster care and, over time, some of these children may be in need of permanent families. Even when children need permanent families, the journey begins by the family fostering the children first. Here, the simple mission of Child Bridge changes lives. The stories of transformation are powerful and inspiring. Let us introduce you to the Gardner’s …a wonderful Flathead family who were willing to embark on the foster care journey with committed hearts, but open hands.

Jonathan, 15, a freshman in high school where he plays the four kids God gave us and felt we could offer a soccer and participates in Speech and Debate; David, stable and loving place for another child to grow up in. 11, is in 5th grade and enjoying his last year before entering middle school. Jeremiah, age 4, loves being a Debby: Our good friends adopted a young girl from big kid in Pre-K three days a week. India 11 years ago. I'll never forget visiting their home the day after she arrived, seeing her in her new livA typical day in the life of our family of seven is full ing room playing with legos, surrounded by her new of busy schedules, hectic bedtimes, brotherly "love" family. It really rocked my world, and we began taking (which tends to sound more like arguing and pester- action toward an international adoption that day. But ing each other), dinners around the table, lots of noise things fell through for us two different times. This was and silliness, and ministry with our church family of pivotal in our journey, which eventually ended with 17 years where Joey serves as Generations Pastor. Our God using Child Bridge to open our eyes to adopt hope is that in the midst of the craziness, we are learn- through foster care. They were instrumental in helping ing to daily live out our faith together in an authentic us really understand local needs of children in Monand genuine way. tana. That was an eye opener too.

Where you live:

Joey: After learning about the needs, and what the

journey might look like from Child Bridge, we were thinking about foster care and adoption. I remember thinking in the kitchen one day: “Four kids is enough. What activities do you enjoy as a family? We like to hike, camp and explore God's incredible We have four of our own, and adding a fifth may be creation. The trampoline and hot tub are family fa- too much for us.” And it was as if God spoke to me vorites, as well as board games and movies. We like audibly and asked, “what number are you?” I’m the snowshoeing and sledding and, when the snow allows, fifth of six kids in my own family. That really sealed the deal for me. We knew that God was leading us building giant snowmen, snow hills and forts. to adopt. Kalispell, MT

What intrigued you about adding to your family with adoption?

We had other friends from our church who were also similarly challenged. We went through the training We’re Joey and Debby Gardner and we have five Joey: We love kids and often felt we had lots of love to together and began our journey into foster care. After great boys. Caleb is 20 and a junior at MSU Boze- share and wanted to do something more permanent. the training, it took about a year to finally find ourman, majoring in Mechanical Engineering. Josiah, 18, We've also had many opportunities to have college-age selves in the right situation to begin taking calls for is a freshman at FVCC majoring in Graphic Design. kids live with us for short periods of time. We loved placements.

Tell us about your family:

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nonprofit}

His

Child bridge

name was a confirmation he

belonged in our family. All of our boys have names of men with strong character from the Old Testament. Jeremiah fit that perfectly.

Debby: The phone would ring…and we’d evaluate has assumed the role of big brother and really enjoys lived each day striving never to hold back our lives every call we received from the social worker. “Should we take this child in? Should we take this placement? Is this the right child for us? Are we the right family for this child?” Finally, we decided that God had called us to adopt, and we were confident of that. We don’t have to evaluate; we just have to say “yes!” We decided that the next call we received we would say yes, and the next call resulted in Jeremiah being placed with our family.

having Jeremiah as a little brother. They bug each and love. other at times, like normal kids. Every foster situation is uncertain, but we learned We've all learned that we don’t have a finite amount of from our Child Bridge connections and foster-care love to share. At this point we can’t imagine our lives training that the investment we were making was so without Jeremiah. It feels like he has always been a valuable, and Jeremiah was more than worth the risk part of our family. From our perspective, this is some- of our hearts hurting if he didn't end up with us perthing that can only be explained by God's loving hand manently. in all of our hearts and lives.

Even his name was a confirmation he belonged in What is the most positive change that has ocour family. All of our boys have names of men with curred in your family dynamic? strong character from the Old Testament. Jeremiah One of the biggest benefits has been for our own chilfit that perfectly. Even his given middle name is the dren. They have learned to open their hearts to the same as Joey's mom, who went to heaven 17 years ago. needs of others, to grow in their love for Jeremiah, and accept him as their own brother. Also, watching Jeremiah grow in his love for his four new brothers How were you introduced to Child Bridge? We attended an informational meeting at our church. has been a beautiful thing to experience. Child Bridge presented information about the local needs of foster children, and the possibility of adopt- There’s also a big increase in laughter and activity! ing children who come into care. The goal is always Jeremiah has a wonderful sense of humor and says the to reunite children with their biological families, funniest things. He brings levity and a fresh look at but sometimes this isn’t possible. This information this precious life we've been given. There are certainly intrigued us because we had a long-term interest in plenty of conflicts with five boys, but he has a unique adoption, but had mostly considered international bond with each of his big brothers, and we all treasure his energy, enthusiasm and laughter. adoption up to this point.

How was the transition for your family?

The transition was fairly smooth. Like any foster situation, it took some time for Jeremiah to form attachments with our family, but he now has very healthy, loving bonds with all of us. He's simply one of the brothers and fits in beautifully. The biggest adjustment took place with David, who was the baby of the family. Although a bit shocked by it all at first, David

Did you have a strong support system through family and Child Bridge?

Child Bridge was very supportive throughout the entire process. They were there to answer questions, lend a compassionate ear when we were confused, and cheered us on every time we interacted with them. We had numerous families from our church who were going through the foster/adoption process at the same time. Even though each experience was unique it was so helpful to lean on each other and pray for each other throughout the experience. Our own families were also very supportive and encouraging from the very beginning. They have fully accepted Jeremiah as another nephew/grandson/ cousin. Joey's brother and sister-in-law are also foster parents, and it's been really special to share our journeys together.

Can you describe any struggles that you may have had that would help other families looking Anything else you would like to share? to foster or adopt? For us, most of the struggles involved the journey through the foster and legal system. We were often frustrated and felt like the only ones without a voice in the court. Also, it was difficult to maintain the balance of open hands and a fully committed heart. We

Well, yes! On May 22, 2015 Jeremiah became Jeremiah Jay Gardner!

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In you are interested in learning more about Child Bridge, please visit www.childbridgemontana.org.

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Taming Your Tyrant Written by Susan Clarke and CrisMarie Campbell

One of our 2016 goals, and long-standing dreams, is to publish our first book: (working title) Use Conflict to Thrive! Writing is hard enough solo. Writing as a team is even tougher. So we thought we would teamwrite this 406 Woman article. Having said that, we are living our book title – using conflict, and we believe we are thriving with this joint topic. What we each know a lot about is being driven by our inner tyrant, which can lead to a lot of misery. Most women that we coach believe that the key to their happiness is to get rid of their critical tyrant. We disagree. The key to happiness is befriending, not abolishing, your tyrant. We each have different flavors of the tyrant. See which one you relate to or if you have your own unique brand of tyrant.

Susan here, and I am up first!

My tyrant is loudest around exercise, diet and a relentless pursuit of my inner ideal athlete. While I had my years of being an athlete, I have never been the athlete that lives in my head. That ideal woman is super fit, muscular and an ideal weight. Still somewhere along the line, I created this ideal woman and my tyrant is determined to assist me in living up to her image!

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The problem is, that tyrant doesn’t pay one bit of attention to my level of fatigue, the bitter cold temperatures outside, or the fact that I am no longer twenty something. No, my tyrant believes I still should be that ideal super athlete… every single day. As I have done my own inner work, I have uncovered that my tyrant’s real agenda is to keep me from acknowledging and admitting a whole bunch of uncomfortable feelings underneath the surface regarding the reality of my life. Don’t get me wrong. My life isn’t horrible, but what people miss as I run, or skin up Whitefish Mountain, or wiz by on my bike is that I am a softy on the inside. My tyrant knows that I am terrified of the world knowing that truth. It has kept me running, climbing, and biking so as to never really allow those feelings to catch up to me or for you to know how I feel. Well, the cat is out of the bag. I do my best to get off my bike, slow down and feel and willingly meet the world from a more vulnerable and curious place. I thought that was only going to work when I finally achieved my ideal and then got rid of the tyrant! But that never worked! Instead, I discovered my tyrant was never the real issue. It’s not about getting rid of that voice that pushes me to be better than I think I am. No, it’s

about being vulnerable and curious about that tyrant. Turning toward my tyrant instead of abolishing it! In other words, applying what I know to be true in all relationships – those that exist outside of me and those that live inside! We are all made up of parts. Much like the muscles, ligaments and bones that hold us physically together, we have stories, emotional events and character armor that mentally piece us together over the years. Often these stories and character traits were developed for our survival. But let’s be clear. Often those parts live on well beyond the time frame needed for survival! Yes, there was a period in my earlier life when being vulnerable or soft would have been more than I could handle. My ideal wonder woman – strong, physically fit and ready to take the world – was a perfect image for coping and surviving. So the tyrant was born to ensure her continued existence! I even grew fond and a bit proud of my discipline and drive to stay fit so I could run through whatever circumstances presented themselves to me.

CrisMarie, up next

My tyrant is The Colonel. Anyone who has listened to our TEDTalk: Conflict Use It, Don’t Defuse It!, will know a bit about the ‘real’ Colonel and where the blueprint for my inner tyrant came from.


Instead, I discovered my tyrant was never the real issue. It’s not about getting rid of that voice that pushes me to be better than I think I am. No, it’s about being vulnerable and curious about that tyrant. Turning toward my tyrant instead of abolishing it!

My outer layer looks pretty nice, polite and pleasing. But inside, I took on the voice of the Colonel and used my inner tyrant to take me far in my life including all the way to the Olympics.

finding my voice has been a significant effort. But the real growth has come with the full understanding that The Colonel is NOT out there – it’s inside me.

I can be incredibly hard on myself in the face of deadlines or projects. My tyrant believes that work must be done Monday through Friday, and any ‘soft’ stuff like play, creativity, fun… well that should only be encouraged after hours, on weekends and for sure out of the public eye!

I have learned the power of turning toward The Colonel. Surprisingly, my tyrant has gained some respect and confidence with me being in charge. I listen to, and I consider The Colonel’s point of view. Often, The Colonel has some good points. Let’s take writing for example. It’s The Colonel who highly suggests being more disciplined and getting words on the page – sooner rather than later.

Needless to say, I have wished to banish The Colonel many times. However, any attempt to ignore, silence or override my tyrant is met with a painful tug of war in which I lose. The painful reality is that that Colonel isn’t outside of me, or meant to be abolished. No, that Colonel lives in my own mind, my DNA, and will NOT be ignored! Fully coming to that realization, I also have discovered that my inner tyrant, this Colonel, isn’t my enemy. No, the Colonel served well as commander and chief when I was younger and needed, or deeply wanted, protection and safety. That tyrant used fear and pressure to get me to work harder and rise higher than I ever would have thought possible. The goal was to make sure the outer authority figures in my life were happy with my performance so that I remained safe and to make sure I didn’t say anything that would put me in harms way. Thank you tyrant. I appreciate how hard you work to keep me safe. Much like Susan’s wonder woman, my colonel, isn’t the problem. My relationship to The Colonel, or lack of relationship, was the issue. I had no voice. The Colonel would simply run the show inside and ensure nothing new, original or controversial ever surfaced on the outside scene. My work has encouraged me to turn toward my inner tyrant, and appreciate its intention of trying to protect me from scary people outside. When I do this, the tyrant relaxes and realizes that I am now all grown up and have my own resources. The Colonel isn’t running the show alone. I’m in charge. As a result, I experience many more parts of myself such as my creative painter, my colorful stylist and my emotional expressive actor. I also started to have the courage and freedom to speak up and disagree with people in my world. I can say: “No, that doesn’t work for me.” Overcoming my fear and

However, when I turn toward the tyrant, I realize it’s not all of me. I feel sense of me and of The Colonel, but there is space and separation. When I listen and appreciate its intention, the tyrant relaxes and relinquishes the Commander and Chief role to me and steps back to an advisory role. Yes, this happens over and over again, but it does happen.

We All Have Some Version of a Tyrant Years of coaching have taught us that almost all the women we coach have some type of tyrant. For some, the tyrant can make them look tough and appear strong, while over-riding feelings and any indication of vulnerability – much like Susan. For others, the tyrant lies inside and demands a nice, polite and pleasing exterior while inside drives, intimidates and scares in order to get performance – like CrisMarie. What type of tyrant do you have? And are you willing to turn toward yours and befriend your tyrant? Susan Clarke and CrisMarie Campbell are Coaches, Consultants, and Speakers at thrive! inc. (www.thriveinc.com) They help business leaders and their teams use the energy of conflict, rather than – avoid or defuse it - to get to creative, innovative, profitable business results. You can see their TEDx Talk: Conflict – Use It, Don’t Defuse It! On YouTube. They would be happy to coach you, consult with your team, or to speak at your next event. Contact them at thrive@thriveinc.com.

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Easements in Montana Issues Impacting Real Estate Owners, Buyers and Sellers By Kelly O’Brien, Attorney at Law

The Smith family had owned and operated a ranch in Montana since the 1950’s. At some point in the 1970’s the Smith’s signed an agreement with their neighbors for road right-of-way that allowed the Smith’s to cross their neighbor’s property before entering their own land. This agreement, which they called the “Easement Agreement,” allowed the Smith’s, as well as their “successors and assigns,” to use the road right-of-way so long as the road was maintained by the Smith’s or their successors. The Easement Agreement also contained a provision that stated that the rights granted in the agreement were not assignable without written permission. While the Easement Agreement described the location of the road on the neighbor’s property, it did not specifically describe the Smith’s property, nor did it state whether rights were “appurtenant” or “running with the land.” The Smith's used the road for several decades in harmony with their neighbors. When their neighbors sold their property to another family the new neighbors continued to recognize the Smith’s right-of-way.

ing easement language before entering into an easement agreement or purchasing property that may be impacted by an easement.

However, when the Smith’s finally sold their property to new owners, the Jackson’s, relations between the neighbors began to deteriorate. The Jackson’s were initially excited about their new Montana ranch property and began using the right-of-way road. However, the neighbors stopped allowing the Jackson’s to use the road to access their property. The neighbors insisted that the Easement Agreement did not allow for an assignment. The neighbors further argued that because the Easement Agreement did not specifically describe or identify the Smith’s property, it was intended to be personal to the Smith’s only.

What is an Easement? An easement is one of the most common types of encumbrances impacting real property in Montana. Many people living in Montana, especially those individuals living outside of the city limits, will likely have some type of road or utility easement running across their property, or easement used to access their property. By definition, an easement is a “nonpossessory” interest in the land of another individual that gives the easement holder the limited right to use the land of another. Easements are distinguished from other restrictions on land, such a license or profit. A license is a privilege to utilize another’s property that is personal to the license holder. A license does not run with the land. A profit is a right to participate in the profits of the land, such as a right to remove timber. However, an easement does not provide any right to profit from the land of another.

The Jackson’s purchased the Montana ranch property with the assumption that they could continue to use the right-of-way, but unfortunately their neighbors did not agree. As a result, a dispute legal battle ensued between the neighbors that took several years to resolve. This example is very similar to a recent Montana case that demonstrates the potential pitfalls associated with easements. It also illustrates the importance of providing an accurate legal description in an easement agreement, as well as the importance of review-

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Types of easements There are several different types of easements. Some examples easements include are: right of way, which provides access to a separate property; utility, which

provides access to a utility service provider; or easements relating to water rights or water lines. Easements can be affirmative or negative. Affirmative easements are specific authorizations to use or access property. Whereas negative easements preclude an owner of real property from performing certain activities on his or her property, which he or she would otherwise be entitled to without a negative easement in place. Easements can also be exclusive or non-exclusive. Exclusive easements grant exclusive rights to the easement holder and limit the use of all others to use the property subject to the easement. This also includes the rights of the grantor of the easement. An exclusive easement must specifically state that it is exclusive in the language of the easement. In most situations, an easement holder acquires a non-exclusive right to the grantor’s property, and the grantor is allowed to continue to use his or her own property, so long as it does not interfere with the rights granted to the easement holder. Creation of Easements in Montana Easements can be created by an express grant or reservation; or created by implication, by use or prescriptively. With this in mind, it is important to also consider potential easements that may not show up in the real estate records.


legal}

Easement

Express Grant or Reservation of an Easement An expressC a specific grant of an C conveyed through deed, grant, or other written instrument. An express easement is typically recorded with the clerk and recorder of the county in which the property is located. Express easements are the easiest type of easement to identify because the terms are set out in a written, recorded document. Implied Easements There are two types of implied easements recognized in Montana, namely easements by necessity and easements by existing use. Easements by necessity are implied to provide access to a landlocked parcel, while easements by existing use are based on a landowner’s prior use of his property. Montana Courts have been careful to view implied easements with caution and not imply easements to all landlocked property.

Easements By Necessity

To establish an easement by necessity requires unity of ownership, severance and “strict necessity.” This means that there is no other access to a landlocked property. The necessity must exist at the time the unified tracts were severed and at the time of the exercise of the easement.

Easements by Use

For an easement by existing use to arise there must be unity of ownership, severance, and an apparent, continuous and reasonably necessary use. Also, the parties must have intended the use to continue after the severance. Easements implied by use are limited to the historic use at the time the easement was created. Easements by Prescription A prescriptive easement is an easement acquired by a hostile use, or otherwise without permission. In Montana a prescriptive easement requires a showing the following elements of use: open, notorious, exclusive, adverse, continuous and uninterrupted use. Montana law requires a five-year statutory period of uninterrupted use. “Open and notorious use” is a positive assertion of a right hostile to the owner and brought to the attention of the owner. “Exclusive use,” for purposes of establishing existence of a prescriptive easement, means that the right of the easement claimant is not dependent upon a like right in any other person. “Continuous and uninterrupted use” is use that is not interrupted by an act of the owner of land or by voluntary abandonment. Easements by prescription can be particularly troubling for property owners. If you are concerned about a potential claim of a prescriptive easement it is essential that you seek legal advice to determine the validity of such a claim. Easement Considerations Whether you are purchasing a parcel of property, negotiating a new easement, or simply concerned about an existing easement, it is critical to review the terms of the easement to ensure they are

clear and that you are not susceptible to potential disputes or challenges. If the terms regarding the location of an easement are not clear, it can cloud the title for the entire property and create issues with insurance and access. The best way to reduce disputes regarding easements or other shared property use agreements is to make sure that the terms of the agreement are specific. An express easement agreement should address issues such as: how the property owners share costs; what costs are permitted; limitations on costs and when maintenance is required. Moreover, it is important that an express easement specifically describe the location of both the property that benefits from the easement and the property the easement “burdens” or impacts. The best way to accomplish an accurate description is to obtain a survey prior to execution and recording the easement. A survey will provide the specific legal description and map that can be utilized and referenced directly in an easement agreement. An express easement should not only set out the specific location and property description, but also the purpose for which the easement may be used, and who may use it. When an express easement is vague, it may create conflict or legal issues. Montana courts will look to the intent of the original parties to the easement and the surrounding circumstances when the easement was created. It can be difficult to determine intent when an easement has existed for several decades or created by parties that are no longer living. These are just a few key issues to address when reviewing easement agreements or reviewing property records for potential easements. Again it is essential to review the terms of an agreement, or otherwise assess the potential someone else may claim an easement before you purchase property or enter into a new easement agreement. Perhaps if the Jackson’s in the example above had analyzed the easement on their ranch before they purchased it, they could have negotiated for more clear and beneficial easement terms. To avoid the Jackson’s dilemma, read and understand the specific terms of an agreement, and review the real estate records, before you purchase your property. If you have all of the relevant information you can better negotiate easment terms that are clear and make sense for all of the parties involved. For issues relating to drafting, reviewing, negotiating or disputing easement agreements, contact Kelly O’Brien at Measure, Sampsel, Sullivan & O’Brien, P.C. at (406) 752-6373 or visit www.measurelaw.com Disclaimer- This article is intended for educational and information purposes only, it is not intended to act as legal advice.

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How times have changed: Understanding prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling in 2016

By Debra Guinn, MD, Director, Montana Perinatal Center and Obstetrics and Maternal Fetal Medicine at Kalispell Regional Medical Center and Tessa Pitman, CGC, Director, Genetic Counseling Montana Perinatal Center and Kalispell Regional Medical Center

So much has changed in the past 50 years. It use to be that you realized you were pregnant around two or three months and went through your pregnancy not knowing the approximate date you were to deliver, how many babies you were having, or the sex of your baby. Most importantly, no one knew in advance if the baby needed special care. The only technology available at the time was abdominal X-ray. An X-ray could help determine fetal number, position and information about the maternal pelvis – but it exposed the fetus to radiation. When it came time for the birth, your partner was in the waiting room, and you delivered in an operating room. Eventually both you and your partner met your baby and learned the gender. Usually, the baby was normal and everything went as expected. Babies who were not so fortunate, those with birth defects, genetic abnormalities or born prematurely, were taken to the special nursery (now called neonatal intensive care

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units) where nurses and doctors started supportive care. The outcomes at that time were not great because there was no preparation, and in many cases, it took weeks or months to determine the diagnosis, treatment plan and prognosis. Sadly, some babies were not going to survive, and the families were the last to know. Thankfully, our technical and clinical abilities have improved immensely, and now so much can be done to prepare before birth for babies at risk. One of the first breakthroughs was using ultrasound (sound waves) to image the fetus. It was an enormous step forward. Concurrently, researchers developed

blood tests that helped identify pregnancies at risk for Down syndrome, neural tube defects (hole in the spine) and other problems. We have made incredible progress since the 1950s, and our mothers and babies are healthier as a result. Physicians caring for women with high-risk pregnancies are better prepared. We are board certified in general obstetrics and gynecology and do sub-specialty training in maternal fetal medicine, also known as perinatology. Maternal fetal medicine specialists work directly with general obstetrical providers including obstetrician-gynecologists, family practitioners and midwives, to identify


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Prenatal diagnosis, or fetal medicine, is a very important part of our

practice. It is our job to identify as many babies as possible who have birth defects, genetic defects and obstetrical complications before delivery. women at risk for all types of complications, and develop a plan of care specific to the family’s needs and concerns.

Prenatal diagnosis, or fetal medicine, is a very important part of our practice. It is our job to identify as many babies as possible who have birth defects, genetic defects and obstetrical complications before delivery. To do that, we utilize maternal history, ultrasound and genetic testing as indicated. Ultrasound capabilities have improved to such an extent that we can diagnose half of all birth defects in the first trimester. This requires sonographers to follow a very specific protocol for ultrasound and use the most current ultrasound equipment. They must gain the experience and additional training and certification to increase diagnostic accuracy.

All ultrasound exams are not equal. The accuracy of an ultrasound depends on the sonographer who takes the images, the interpreter or person who reads the images, and whether they have special certification in certain parts of the exam and equipment. Ultrasounds can be performed in special-

ized maternal fetal medicine units, radiology suites, and your provider’s office. Detection rates will be determined by many factors. You do have a choice in where you have your ultrasound. Ask questions about accreditation and when you should expect to know the results.

The “routine ultrasound” is performed at or around 20 weeks in pregnancy. Patients commonly refer to this as their fetal “sex ultrasound.” In truth, the sex of the fetus is the least important thing. On average, an anatomy ultrasound for one fetus should take 30 minutes to one hour or more to complete. The sonographer should evaluate every part of the fetus from head to toe as well as the placenta, the uterus and the cervix. At times, it is impossible to see everything because of the fetus’s position or the mom’s scanning characteristics, but we try hard. We also use 3-D and 4-D ultrasound if it will help us identify a specific problem. At Montana Perinatal Center, we follow all national ultrasound protocols that address safety and imaging standards. We review every ultrasound with you immediately following the study, with rare exceptions. A report is then

sent directly to your OB provider for their review. If you have an ultrasound elsewhere and there are concerns, your OB provider will most likely refer you to a maternal fetal medicine specialist for evaluation and management.

Ultrasound alone is not sufficient. The detection rate for birth defects varies by where your ultrasound is performed, and no unit will detect all birth defects. But another group of babies is at high risk and need immediate care – those with genetic conditions despite normal ultrasound exams. Every human being has a unique genetic code that determines specific attributes. We inherit our genetic code from both our mother and father. Scientific understanding of genetics is increasing at a pace that is almost impossible to keep up with. The more we know about genetics, the better we understand disease and best treatment. Genetic testing can help identify unique variations in one’s genetic code. This information can be used to design treatments for multiple medical conditions from birth to adulthood, including cancer. The trick is to understand what testing is available and the risks and benefits of testing.

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health} In perinatology, we combine ultrasound and genetic testing with the patient’s family history and reproductive history to evaluate a pregnancy’s specific needs. First and foremost, we speak to our patients. We record thorough histories of all potential exposure in pregnancy that may put the family at risk. Depending on your personal history, genetic counseling may be included in your care plan. The following is a brief summary of prenatal genetic counseling: · Genetic counseling is about being pro-active and taking charge of your health. Understanding your risk for a particular genetic condition guides the appropriate next steps for treatment, management and, in some cases, prevention of associated medical problems.

· Women of all ages can benefit from meeting with a genetic counselor to understand prenatal screening and testing options available to them. Some women are at an increased risk for having a child with a particular birth defect or genetic condition and will be referred to a genetic counselor. Some of the reasons a woman may be referred include: · Woman will be 35 years or older at delivery. · Had an abnormal maternal serum screen result. · Had an abnormal result on amniocentesis or chorionic villi sampling (CVS). · Had an abnormal ultrasound. · Prenatal exposures including certain medications, drugs, radiation or infections during pregnancy. · Particular ethnic background where some genetic conditions are more common. · History of multiple miscarriages or infertility. ·Previous child or family history of genetic condition, birth defect or intellectual disability. ·Consanguinity (parents related by blood). · Genetic counselors can discuss the different prenatal screening and testing options available to you. There are different screening and testing options to further evaluate identified risks and provide clarity. It’s important to understand what information the different screening and testing options will and will NOT tell you about the baby. Just in the past few years, a new test has become available that allows us to screen for certain chromosomal conditions through a simple, non-invasive blood draw on the mother. It is a Non-Invasive Prenatal Test (NIPT). It works by analyzing cell-free fetal DNA circulating in maternal

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blood and screens for conditions like Down syndrome, but also more severe chromosomal conditions such as Trisomy 18 and Trisomy 13. In many cases it replaces amniocentesis with its inherent risks, but limitations apply. · Carrier screening: All of us carry several recessive traits that were passed down by our loved ones. We are “normal” but can have a gene that is abnormal. If our “normal” partner also carries the same recessive gene, there is a 25 percent chance of the fetus being affected by the disease. Some of these conditions are treatable and others fatal. We can test for many of these conditions prior to or during pregnancy. The type of screening offered is based on ancestry and family history.

· Meeting with a genetic counselor doesn’t mean that you have to have genetic testing. Genetic testing is a complex process, and there are several important things for you to consider before that blood draw or cheek swab. Meeting with a genetic counselor is an important step before any genetic testing is done, and several professional societies recommend this. Additionally, some insurance companies require a physician to refer their patients for genetic counseling prior to any genetic testing. We respect your wishes and want to make sure you understand the value and the limitation of testing options. We do believe there are benefits to testing for your baby and your family regardless of the result. Ultimately, it is your decision and we will respect it. · Genetics is a family affair. Identifying an inherited genetic condition in one person can have implications for other family members as well. While nearly every condition has a genetic component, not all genetic conditions are inherited. Most people tend to be fairly private about their health, so it is not uncommon for a patient to have very limited information about their family history. However, there are several other important aspects about the family history even when that information is limited. We encourage families to share medical histories from one generation to the next. It all starts with the courage and commitment of one family member.

· A genetic diagnosis is part of who we are, but certainly doesn’t define us. Having a specific diagnosis, rather than a nonspecific label of something like intellectual disability, is very important. A diagnosis can provide information on prognosis, associated problems to be vigilant about, and educational and developmental interventions. In addition, a specific diagnosis lets a family have a support group. They can meet and learn from other affected families about coping with the diagnosis while advocating for your child on a daily basis.

Ultimately, maternal fetal medicine specialists and genetic counselors work as part of your health care team. We partner with you, your family and your providers to provide you important information and resources. We want nothing more than for you to be empowered to make informed decisions about how and where your family will be treated. We have the ability through ultrasound and prenatal genetic testing to see into the future. We no longer have to wait, unaware and unprepared, until our baby is born with complications. We work together to develop the best plan for your family and improve quality of life for your unborn child. Families with known complications who are well prepared for all eventual outcomes have a far better birth experience and transition as parents with special needs than those who choose to assume the best and go into delivery without a plan. We are here to help you, if desired. Thankfully, we usually can provide reassuring information about your unborn baby’s health and concentrate on you having the birth experience of your dreams.

Debra Guinn, MD, Director, Montana Perinatal Center and Obstetrics and Maternal Fetal Medicine at Kalispell Regional Medical Center

Tessa Pitman, CGC, Director, Genetic Counseling Montana Perinatal Center and Kalispell Regional Medical Center


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North Valley Hospital Birth Center North Valley Hospital Birth Center

Opens Its Expansion As It Continues Its Journey to Baby Friendly Designation. By Carrie Jacobs Photos by Lot 22 Photography

As you walk through The Birth Center doors at North Valley Hospital in Whitefish, you get the sense you’ll be receiving a calming, almost spa-like experience. The warm air, mixed with the soothing colors and finishes inspired by nature make you breathe a little steadier… which is necessary when you think of the life changing experiences that happen there! The newly expanded center makes families more comfortable in a time that can be completely overwhelming. New labor/delivery/recovery/post-partum rooms feature labor beds that hide away after delivery revealing queen size Murphy beds so families can stay in the same room during their whole stay. Built in jetted tubs for relaxation and waterbirths, and large fully reclining chairs add to the list of comforts. Behind the scenes, the increased size of the provider station makes it easier for staff to coordinate, while the expanded infant nursery is at the ready if needed. The new facility is also a perfect complement for North Valley Hospital to

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North Valley already practices many of the 10 steps it takes to achieve certification. The Birth Center offers 24-hour hands-on bedside assistance during Research shows breastfeeding lowers the risk of your hospital stay, and has achieved a breastfeeding certain diseases and improves health outcomes for success rate of 98%! To continue support there is a both mothers and babies.* Launched by the World two to three day postpartum follow-up visit, and a Health Organization (WHO) and the United Na- weekly mother-baby support group. A new lactations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in 1991, Baby tion consulting room within the Birth Center is a Friendly Hospitals are those which follow the relaxing space where you can return to receive help 10 steps to successful breastfeeding. These steps from certified lactation consultants and counselors were developed by a team of global experts, and anytime postpartum. are proven most favorable to breastfeeding suc- North Valley Hospital welcomes expectant cess. A Baby-Friendly designation recognizes hospitals and birthing centers across the nation that mothers and their families to experience offer an optimal level of care for infant feeding personalized care in a warm, home like and mother/baby bonding. It shows that the cor- environment to help you relax and rejoice rect information and necessary support is given to mothers and families who choose to breastfeed and in your birth experience. To learn more ensures patients that all health care staff within the about The Birth Center and the process facility are trained in skills necessary to implement to becoming a designated Baby-Friendly best breastfeeding practices. Currently there are facility, please visit www.nvhosp.org. 13 birthing facilities across the state of Montana working towards Baby-Friendly designation, and * Montana Department of Public Health and only one Designated Baby-Friendly. Human Performance, 2014 begin down the road to becoming a Baby-Friendly designated hospital.


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Misconceptions in Skin Care Part I By Erin Blair, Licensed Esthetician and Certified Health Coach

This month, I decided to change things up a bit. I posed a question to my Esthetician colleagues: Which misconceptions do you commonly hear from clients? What bad advice are they following that just drives you crazy? The answers were entertaining and enlightening. Here are some of my favorites.

You should only use food on your face.

Variations of this: “Everything you use on your skin should be edible,” and “I only use Paleo Skincare.” The truth is, the skin is not a digestive organ. Food is messy, and will leave you with much poorer results than products that were formulated to be biologically active on skin. Food can be too acidic, comedogenic, or just plain ineffective. Apple cider vinegar, salt, lemon juice, olive oil? Save it for your salad.

You should only use natural products, or those without preservatives.

This ties in closely with the food idea. Certainly, you don’t want to use anything harmful on your skin. But consider that completely natural ingredients, sourced only from nature, are impossible to control in a formula. You’ll have a different product every time. Formulas worth their salt are going to have active ingredients that must be included in certain dosages. There is a minimum dose at which an ingredient is effective. Ingredients created in a laboratory are able to be measured and controlled for optimum efficacy,

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and these ingredients can have the exact same chemical profile of a “natural” ingredient. All products require preservation. To not include a preservative leaves a product susceptible to bacterial contamination, mold and spoilage. Not really what I want on my face.

Coconut oil for skin care

This one came up a LOT. I’ve written about it before, but it bears repeating. Coconut oil is NOT acne safe. I don’t care how many Pinterest pins are recommending it...ditch it. Regular use of most oils applied at full strength will clog the pores and also degrade the barrier of your skin, resulting in acne, sensitivity and irritation. Just because it’s great to eat, doesn’t mean it’s good to use topically (see my first point if you missed that).

Multi-Level Marketing (MLM) products

Everyone deserves to make a living in this world, and it’s a free market. But I implore you to not confuse the skill level of an untrained, unlicensed person who invested in a home based MLM business, with that of a Licensed Esthetician. The Esthetician has many hundreds or even thousands of hours of professional classroom training. They have passed a state license exam and are required to maintain that license in vari-

ous ways, including surprise inspections of their office. They pay for professional liability insurance and typically recommend products and services that are only available through licensed and insured professionals. Most are either required to complete continuing education each year or voluntarily do so. Licensed Estheticians are trained to understand product formulations, ingredients, and to recognize which products to recommend for various skin types and conditions. Someone who sells a multi-level skin care product does not answer to any licensing board, plus they have no professional training or insurance. I have personally had such a representative tell me she has a “Medical Skincare Business.” To that I reply, “No, ma’am, you absolutely do not.” I’m sure the state medical boards would agree. Please just recognize the difference, and give the professional the credit they’re due.

Fake before and after photos

There are a number of fake photos floating around the internet. Of course this is not a new phenomenon, but social media makes it so much more prevalent. For the record, someone with full-blown Grade 4 acne does not clear up with a couple weeks of home care. This type of clearing takes a few months at the least, with


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Ask the Skin Coach

complex and diligent care. The redness left behind post acne takes close to a year to fade. This issue is near and dear to me. I have real, untouched before and after photos. These results took MONTHS to achieve with the best professional care and products. Fake or Photoshopped pictures give people unrealistic expectations, and make a true professional’s amazing results seem commonplace. Furthermore, it erodes the trust of those sincerely seeking changes in their skin. A lie is a lie.

Over scrubbing

Over-use of scrubs, Clarisonic® brushes (or heaven forbid, homemade baking soda scrubs) is commonplace. Many people seem to believe they can simply “scrub off ” the skin they don’t like. You can’t, and you’ll only make your condition worse. Scrubbing inflamed acne is the worst. Stop that!

Environmental Working Group (EWG)

Many folks conscious of health and environmental issues trust EWG as a credible source for the safety of a product or ingredient. The truth is, it’s not credible. They report skewed research and often don’t consider the actual amount of an ingredient included in a formula, which has everything to do with safety in a skincare product. More trustworthy sources for online research are beautybrains.com or personalcaretruth.com.

Bloggers

Some bloggers I’ve seen have made quite the name for themselves dishing out “good advice.” When I see popular bloggers giving terrible skincare advice, I cringe. I feel so bad for the people piping up with questions, as if an entrepreneurial housewife with recipes for healthy meals and homemade laundry soap is qualified to solve complex health and skin concerns via a blog comment thread. Again, I say, “No, ma’am, you absolutely are not.” I hope this helps set the record straight on a few things! There were so many relevant topics to address that I will continue this subject in next month’s issue. Stay tuned for Part II.

Erin Blair, LE CHC owns Skin Therapy Studio, where she embraces a creative method of treatments, products and coaching to get skin clear... and keep it that way. It's a 'whole person' approach to difficult skin concerns. Visit SkinTherapyStudio.com for more info, and to submit questions for Ask the Skin Coach.

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One Small Change for Big Results By Delia Buckmaster, CHHC

In my opinion, making positive lifestyle changes can be a similar experience to learning how to play golf. Arm straight, fix your posture, head still, square shoulders, watch your wrists, follow through, right elbow, left elbow...seriously? Give me a bucket of balls, one club, and allow me work on one thing at a time. The rare individual can make a dramatic lifestyle change and stick to it. For the rest of us, the answer to sustainable weight loss lies somewhere in the middle. Making one small change at a time is the key to the right amount of flow. These small cumulative changes can make a huge difference. When you succeed at a small goal you feel motivated to tackle more goals. There are no miracle diets, no quick fixes, and no magic potions that will lead to long-term results. And remember, it’s ok to fall off the “clean eating” wagon. The road to achieving good health is not an all or nothing approach. It can be bumpy with lots of twists and turns. At the end of your day, let go of perfection and trust the process.

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Choose from the following 10 tips for a healthier lifestyle.

1. Drink water

Hunger is often confused with dehydration. Next time you feel like a snack, have a glass of water. Even mild dehydration can alter our body’s metabolism, so aim to drink 8 glasses a day and limit sodas, caffeine and alcohol. It is also agreed that drinking water before meals can help promote weight loss. Try a glass of warm water with lemon on empty stomach first thing in the morning.

2. Eat Carbs: Real Carbs

Replace refined carbohydrates like white bread, pasta, bagels, cereal and chips with complex carbohydrates from fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds and legumes. Fruits and vegetables are high in fiber, which slows digestion and promotes stable blood sugar levels. They’re also packed with antioxidants, which help reduce inflammation in the body. Whole grain carbs should always be chosen over refined varieties. Think about eating them, as you would find them in nature.

3. Choose Healthy Fats

A common misconception is that fats should be completely eliminated. In reality, we could not live without fat. The body utilizes dietary fat for energy, health of hair, skin and nails, vi-

tamin absorption and normal everyday bodily functions. Good fats promote several health benefits such as protection against heart disease, cancer, Alzheimer’s and depression, as well as reduced blood pressure and lower cholesterol. Choose sources such as nuts, seeds, fish, avocados and extra virgin olive oil.

4. Emphasize Lean Protein

Proteins can support both weigh loss and maintenance. Our bodies require protein to continuously renew and replenish our cells, stabilize our blood sugar, and give us energy. Our bodies are literally made out of the amino acids that make up protein in our food. When choosing animal protein sources, be conscious of the way the animal was raised and what it ate. Grass-fed beef and free-range chicken are healthier and more ethically sound choices than feed-lot meats. Organic yogurt, and cage-free eggs are great for vegetarians, while tofu, tempeh and nut butters are good vegan protein sources.

5. Eat Breakfast

By eating a hearty breakfast, you’ll give your metabolism a jumpstart and be in better control of your cravings. When we miss our first fuel of the day, by mid-morning we are hungry and more likely to engage in mindless nibbling, snacking, over eating and over compensating for any calories ‘saved’ by skip-


Research shows that those who sleep 5 hours or less weigh 5 pounds more than those getting at least 7 hours of shut eye per night.

ping breakfast. But if you’re not ready for breakfast early in the morning, listen to your body and eat when you feel it’s best for you.

6. Eat More Frequently

It’s important to balance your food intake throughout the day to help maintain normal blood sugar and decrease the chances of binging when hunger strikes. Try to keep track of your meal choices and balance your caloric intake. Feeding your body on a regular basis let’s it know food is available and it’s ok to burn energy rather than conserve and store it as fat.

7. Exercise Your Body and Mind

Exercise has enormous benefits for your mind and body with research boasting decreased body weight, lower resting heart rate and blood pressure, and it boosts your mood. Strive to be active for at least 30 minutes every day to help keep your body strong and lean. Walking your dog is considered exercise too.

8. Catch Some zzzz’s

Research shows that those who sleep 5 hours or less weigh 5 pounds more than those getting at least 7 hours of shut eye per night. Lack of sleep disrupts circadian rhythms and can lead to inefficient body regulation of energy balance, metabolism and appetite. Abnormal leptin and ghrelin levels - hormones that tell your body “I’m full, stop eating” – can go awry with too little sleep. Said simply – sleep more, eat and weigh less. Strive for 7-8 hours of sleep every night.

9. Learn to Cook

Cooking meals at home allows you to control portion sizes, the quality of ingredients, and cuts your intake of sodium, fat and calories. Use herbs and spices to reduce salt intake. With some practice, your kitchen will be your favorite restaurant.

10. Keep Track of What You Eat

Be a food detective and investigate what you choose to put in to your body. Check labels and avoid ingredients such as sugar, trans fats, high-fructose corn syrup or long ‘chemical names’ that are hard to pronounce. The healthiest foods are those found just as nature intended – whole and unprocessed.

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Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) By Thomas A. deHoop, MD

With the introduction of birth-control (contraception) in the early 1960’s, women have had the opportunity to control if, when and how many children they choose to conceive. Contraceptives have improved over the years, come in many varieties, and there are several ways to group them: hormonal or non-hormonal, male or female, permanent or reversible, long- or short-acting, etc. While most methods require daily, weekly or monthly use, one group, called Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC), is designed for use/ renewal every three to 10 years. Most methods of contraception are very effective. The most common reason for failure is forgetting to use the method. The more often you are required to remember, the greater the chance you could forget. With LARC methods, requiring renewal every three or more years means less chance of failing to remember. LARC methods offer very effective contraception with less than a one-percent failure rate, which is similar to permanent, non-reversible sterilization, but remain completely reversible. LARC methods are a good birth control choice for women of all ages, especially those who have difficulty remembering to use their contraceptives or want the convenience of LARCs. They are safe for teens and women who have never had children.

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Remember, however, that LARCs do not protect against sexually transmitted infections, and a male or female condom should always be used together with any contraceptive method. Currently, LARC methods consist of either a birth-control implant or an intrauterine device (IUD). Each LARC method has its own set of characteristics, advantages and disadvantages.

Birth Control Implant - Nexplanon®

Nexplanon is an implantable rod that slowly releases progestin into the body preventing ovulation (the release of the egg from the ovary). It also thickens the mucous of the cervix, which inhibits the passage of sperm into the uterus. The implantable rod is placed under the skin on the inside of the arm above the elbow in a quick fiveminute office procedure. The insertion site is only a few millimeters wide, as the implant is about the size of a matchstick. It lasts up to three years and can be removed at any time in an office visit with a quick return to fertility. Once placed, it is 99.9-percent effective, and nothing else needs to be done to prevent pregnancy. Because the implant cannot be easily seen, usage can be kept confidential/private. It can be placed immediately after a pregnancy or miscarriage, and there are very few medical conditions that prevent use. Because it thins the lining of the uterus, over

50-percent of women state their cycles are absent or report much lighter flow and less menstrual pain than before placement of Nexplanon®. For others, bleeding can be unpredictable. Despite being unpredictable, on average, the number of days of bleeding over a three-month period with Nexplanon® are the same as those in women not using any birth-control method. However, the bleeding can be intermittent and unexpected. As with any long-acting hormonal method, it can take three to six months for the cycles to stabilize into a regular pattern. The implant can be removed at any time in a simple office procedure, similar to the placement. At the end of three years, if you choose to continue this method, another implant can be placed in the same site once the expired one is removed. Once the implant is removed, the hormone is out of your system in less than a week and ovulation can occur within the next menstrual cycle, restoring fertility.

Intrauterine Devices (IUD)

An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small, T-shaped plastic device that is placed into the uterus during an office visit. There are two types of IUDs: 1) Hormonal IUDs that release progestin locally into the uterus and are approved for either three


health} or five years; 2) Copper IUDs that only contain copper and can be used for up to 10 years. Similar to Nexplanon®, an IUD is confidential, does not interfere with sex, spontaneity or daily activities, and requires little maintenance once placed. You can use tampons with an IUD. Menstrual cramps and/or bleeding may be irregular initially and could completely disappear several months after insertion.

Skyla® or Mirena® are the hormonal IUD devices that are placed in the uterus during an office procedure similar to getting a Pap smear. They primarily work by thickening the mucous of the cervix so that sperm are unable to enter the uterus. The amount of the progestin hormone that is released works locally within the uterus and very little is absorbed into the bloodstream. Because the levels of hormone are low, ovulation is not prevented and the body’s production of female hormones is at or near the same level as before the IUD was placed. This also means that the IUD has the fastest return to fertility once removed. Since it does not prevent ovulation, it does not cause or prevent the pain associated with ovulation or ovarian cysts. Bleeding patterns can vary, but in general the timing of bleeding is typically similar to before the Mirena was placed, only the flow tends to be lighter. Some women may have no bleeding as the lining of the uterus is very thin. In addition to preventing pregnancy, the hormonal IUD has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding.

Once placed, the IUD is 99.8-percent effective in preventing pregnancy for three or five years. At expiration, if another IUD is desired, the new one can be placed the same time the expired one is removed, requiring only one office visit.

Paragard® is an IUD that instead of a hormone,

contains copper. The copper irritates the lining of the uterus causing a reaction that destroys or incapacitates sperm as they enter the uterus. It is 99.2-percent effective in preventing pregnancy. Since there is no hormone, ovulation is not prevented, and the cervical mucous is not altered. This means the Paragard® also has a quick return to fertility once removed. Period frequency is not usually altered and tends to follow the same pattern as before IUD placement. Due to the irritation caused by the Paragard®, some women may experience heavier periods and/or more cramping within the first year of use. Anti-inflammatory medication like ibuprofen can ease this side effect. Serious complications from current IUDs are rare, but minor complications can and do occur. In about 5-percent of users in the first year, it can fall out of the uterus. Your provider will help you recognize symptoms to determine if this has happened. About one in 1,000 women will experience a uterine perforation. This occurs if the IUD penetrates the uterus. Although it is rarely associated with significant health concerns, it will need to be removed. The risk of a pelvic infection is only slightly increased in the first three weeks

after placement, with the incidence of fewer than one in 100 women. After three weeks, the risk is similar to women who do not use an IUD. In fact, the hormonal IUDs have a lower risk of infection because they cause a thickening of the cervical mucus, which prevents the passage of bacteriacarrying sperm into the uterus. The birth-control implant and the IUD are the most effective forms of reversible contraception with failure rates less than one-percent. They can be used by most women despite other medical conditions. They can be used by teenagers, women who have had children, those who have not had children and for bleeding control. In addition to effective prevention of pregnancy, some women will also experience a decrease in bleeding and/ or cramping. They are relatively easy to place, remove, require minimal maintenance, are convenient, and do not interfere with spontaneity of intimacy. If you are interested in a long-acting reversible contraceptive method, you should discuss options with your healthcare provider.

Dr. deHoop is a KRMC physician practicing at Kalispell OB/GYN – In 2011 he moved to Kalispell from Cincinnati, Ohio where he was an Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center for 16 years. He practices general obstetrics and gynecology, with a special interest in robotic and minimally invasive surgery. He came to Kalispell with more than five years of experience using the daVinci®  robotic surgery system.


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Ear Infections:

By Dr. C. Claude Basler, DC Carlson Chiropractic Office

Chiropractic A Safe Effective Alternative Ear infections are becoming increasingly more common today in children, and they should not be mistaken for normal. As common as ear infections happen, parents are often led to believe that there are two options available: antibiotics or surgery (tubes). While there might be a time and a place for these interventions, they should be considered the last resort and not be the first response. More than 75-percent of ear infections are caused by viruses, not bacteria. The use of antibiotics has little to no effect when dealing with a virus infection. Performing surgery and adding tubes to your child is basically covering up an underlying problem. When the

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There is an automatic self-healing ability programmed into our body’s genetic blueprint, which is only expressed through a clear and connected nerve system.

When methods are applied that do not promote healing, a downward spiral can occur. Antibiotic use can cause destruction of healthy bacteria in the body, weaken the immune system, and increase the chance of infection. Chronically using antibiotics can destroy good bacteria, and predisposing a child to repeat infections by lowering their overall immune system. Over time, as the immune system is over abused the next part of the downward spiral is to have the adenoids removed. Improper stimulation of the compromised immune system will lead to enlarged adenoids, which are there to protect and fight off infections. “Two approaches that I have seen work most effectively to reduce ear fluid, ear pain and chronic ear problems is a change in the child’s diet, and the incorporation of manual adjustments into the care plan, ie. Chiropractic” –Dr. Lawrence Palvesky MD First response alternatives for ear infections should be: chiropractic adjustments, waiting and diet. The “waiting game” is beneficial when considering appropriate actions to take with an ear infection. Some children are able to handle and overcome an ear infection without any intervention applied. Diet is a huge factor when considering the health of our children. Incorporating regular probiotics and a healthy sustainable diet that is free of hormones, preservatives and genetically modified organisms allows our body to gain needed energy in time of crisis such as an ear infection. If the body has to fight an infection, it needs all the proper nutrients available and to be free of unnecessary stimulants. Chiropractic helps your children by removing spinal subluxations. This allows their body to express its full potential for SELF-HEALING and properly manage ear

drainage. Subluxations are what chiropractors are trained to locate and perform specific adjustments to modify. A subluxation places undo stress on a specific spinal nerve thus creating dysfunction within the nerve and the vital organs, cells, tissues, and glands that the nerve controls. A subluxation occurring in the neck region can create dysfunction on the vagus nerve resulting in signs and symptoms of an ear infection. The vagus nerve controls two of the four muscles associated with the Eustachian tube. Simply put, if a subluxation is limiting the communication of the vagus nerve, which controls the Eustachian tube, ear infections can manifest.

The nerve system regulates and controls all systems within the body. The vagus nerve not only controls the muscles of the middle ear, but also how your body responds to foreign invaders. If normal drainage is not occurring due to muscle control, the immune system is not correctly functioning as well. A build-up of fluid over time can become toxic, and with a compromised immune system it can allow viruses to flourish. Not only will chiropractic adjustments restore normal peristaltic motion in the Eustachian tube, it will also boost the immune system. The direct correlation that the nerve system has with the immune system has been studied over and over again. By restoring proper nerve communication the immune system increases production of lymphocytes, antibody levels and phagocytic activity (basically immune system first responders to destroy and protect). Specific chiropractic adjustments are noninvasive, drug-free, and allow optimal function. There is an automatic self-healing ability programmed into our body’s genetic blueprint, which is only expressed through a clear and connected nerve system. Allow your child to be that superstar with regular specific chiropractic adjustments. The only warning is optimal life expression!

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Be Excellent to Each Other...

Daggone It! By Dr. John F. Miller DDS

“ I'm Good Enough, I'm Smart Enough, and Doggone It, People Like Me!” During my younger days, the weekly television program Saturday Night Live (SNL) was a favorite “guilty pleasure” of the Miller’s. The content was always a little racy, controversial even. I felt so grownup sitting there with the rest of my family. I mean seriously, it was almost midnight. Being the second youngest of five children most of the humor was beyond my level of comprehension. No big deal, I just laughed when everyone else laughed. I faked it. Our conversations to this day are laced with SNL quotes and references, and as I approach my 35th birthday I’m faking it less and less. One skit that was introduced in the early 90’s was Daily Affirmation with Stuart Smalley. The focus of the skit is Stuart who works with celebrities in the capacity of their “nonprofessional” therapist/ life coach. For example, he ironically consults with Michael Jordan telling him he “doesn’t have to be a great basketball player, doesn’t have to dribble the ball fast, doesn’t have to throw the ball into the basket.” He only has to be “the best Michael he can be.”

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He closes every session having his guest look into a mirror to repeat the following: “I'm Good Enough, I'm Smart Enough, and Doggone It, People Like Me!” Now, I’m a Dentist. Sometime ago I wrote in the pages of 406 Woman that having a dental procedure performed should reside quite low on your list of enjoyable activities. I went as far as calling anyone who enjoys dental work a “dental weirdo.” I’ve accepted this public opinion of my line of work and quite frankly can’t apply Stuart’s final affirmation to myself. Oh I’m Good Enough, and I’m Smart Enough, but Doggone It, People Don’t Like Me. Dentistry is uncomfortable. At any given moment there are three or more different tools, vacuums, fingers, etc. in your mouth. There are unpleasant sounds, smells, and vibrations. Then there is the Sh*t (the S-Word is considered a curse word in my dental office and not suitable for children) and the numb lip and tongue that follow. Dentistry is inconvenient and can be expensive. Avoid those folks that profess their love of dentistry, they indeed, are not normal. This is not a rant, and I couldn’t be more happy and satisfied with my chosen profession. Do I have patients that love my staff and me? Do I have patients that love their overall experience in my office? Yes, of course. My line of work is a necessary evil and we are converting people into dental weirdos by making everything else, other than us seeing how big their mouth is, exceptional. While the experience isn’t

necessarily enjoyable, we take measures to make it less uncomfortable and more convenient. Let’s discuss one example, a distraction technique we refer to as “plugging a patient into the Matrix.”

The Matrix is 3fold: 1. The Patient is fitted with an intraoral suction and isolation device called an IsoLite. This device allows the patient to relax with their mouths propped open, their cheeks and tongues safely retracted, with no concern of water in their throats. Google it. 2. The Patient is fitted with clean over-the-ear noise reducing headphones. 3. The Patient is given their choice of in-house DVD selections to watch on a movable flat screen display. On Thursdays we institute “Throwback Law” with our teenage patients and highly recommend titles from the 80’s or earlier. Selections such as The Princess Bride, Top Gun, Rad, Christmas Vacation and A Christmas Story (seasonal), Star Wars, The Goonies, etc. During a recent visit with a new teenage patient to our office I inquired as to what class she was getting out of by coming to the dentist. This patient is 17 years old and a junior in high school. She responded that she was “getting out of ” history class. She con-


“Plugging a patient into the Matrix.” tinued with her concern over a big history report that was soon to be due. We then went on to explain that in an effort make her visit “less uncomfortable,” we would fit her with some Noise-reducing headphones and play a Throwback selection from 1989 detailing the struggles of two young gentlemen who found themselves in very similar circumstances to her. Their names are Bill & Ted. The movie I’m referencing is of course the cult-classic Bill & Ted’s Excellent Adventure. To make short work of the plot, Bill & Ted need to ace their history report to pass high school and are introduced to a magical time-traveling phone booth at their neighborhood convenience store. They travel all through history kidnapping historical figures to bring back for their report. They nabbed Napoleon, Billy the Kid, Sigmund Freud, Joan of Ark, Beethoven, Genghis Khan, and Abraham Lincoln. They also go back in time to give advice to their younger selves on occasion. For context it should be noted that Bill & Ted are portrayed as your stereotypical 1980’s slackers. In the final scenes of the movie Bill & Ted are faced with various obstacles preventing them from arriving, with their band of historical figures, on time for their history report. This is where the movie caught my attention. Bill & Ted, realizing the power of the magical phone booth start doing some pretty creative things. For instance, they address the present obstacles by telling each other to not forget to go back in time from the future to address the presently faced obstacle. (I know, take a deep breath and read that last sentence again slowly.) The obstacle would resolve itself instantly upon them realizing that they could use their time-traveling abilities in this way. For example, they needed some keys and Bill told Ted to remind him in the future to go back in time to steal the keys and stash them behind a signpost right next to where they were standing. The keys were immediately found behind the signpost. Now, not only was this quite a creative piece of script writing in an otherwise joke of a movie, but it rang familiar to me as a dentist. Hindsight is 20/20. How often do I hear a patient wish that they could go back in time to pound the importance of Oral Hygiene into their younger selves? In a Bill & Ted’s world I could watch cavities and gum disease disappear as patients think about going back in time from the future to do a better job at caring for their mouths. My job would be very different: “Mr. Jones, you have 3 cavities that would have been prevented with better flossing, and it appears that your gums are puffy and inflamed from gingivitis. Please think about leaving here and going back in time to discuss these findings with your younger self and I’ll be back in a few minutes to make sure the cavities and gingivitis are gone.” This is all very fantastical, and while I’m no physicist I’m confident in telling you that time travel is unlikely going to happen in your lifetime if ever at all. Please accept this as a voice from the future: If you are not putting in the effort to care for teeth be it inadequate brushing, flossing, not seeing your hygienist on a regular basis, or poor dietary choices, etc., you will have future pain and regrets. Make a goal to start today and come see us if it has been awhile. Lastly, Be Excellent to Each Other and Smile Montana!

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Additional Ways to Help You

Quit For tribes throughout North America, the use of traditional tobacco plants for spiritual, ceremonial, and medicinal purposes dates back thousands of years. Most American Indian nations have traditional stories explaining how tobacco was introduced to their ceremonies, many of which emphasized the sacred properties of the plant, containing both the power to heal, if used properly, and the power to cause harm, if used improperly. Some of the sacred uses of the tobacco plant include as a sacrifice to the Great Spirit, a gift when welcoming guests, and an offering to those asked to pray or share wisdom. Medicinal uses of the plant include as an analgesic to alleviate pain from childbirth, toothaches, headaches and earaches; a treatment for ailments such as rheumatism, convulsions, intestinal disorders, and a cough; antiseptic treatment on open wounds; a treatment to keep away hunger and thirst, and to prevent fatigue on long journeys; and a smudge to ward off pests. Traditional tobacco and commercial tobacco are very different. The industry tampers with the tobacco plant and alters its properties for their benefit. The intent behind commercial tobacco is us also very different. There are no ceremonial purposes with commercial cigarettes. They are solely used for the purposes of accessing nicotine, the highly addictive drug found in tobacco. Unfortunately, the tobacco industry has taken advantage of the American Indian culture and history with traditional use tobacco to promote commercial use of tobacco, which results in negative ramifications on the American Indian people. For example, in an effort to build

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its image and credibility in the community, the tobacco industry targets American Indians by not only funding cultural events such as powwows and rodeos, but providing free samples to attendees. Additionally, the tobacco industry commonly uses cultural symbols and designs to target the American Indian population. One brand of cigarettes was promoted as “natural� cigarettes and sold in packaging that featured an American Indian smoking a pipe. As a result, it’s common to see higher tobacco use rates among American Indians that any other population group. In fact, the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey shows that more than 43.1% of American Indian adults in Montana are cigarette smokers. As a comparison, only 17.8% of White (non-Hispanic) adults in Montana are current cigarettes smokers.

In response to the staggering differences in tobacco use rates, the Montana Tobacco Use Prevention Program recently launched the American Indian Commercial Tobacco Quit Line Program in Montana, the first of its kind in the United States. This new service has a dedicated call line where clients will be put in contact with an American Indian cessation coach. The Quit Line offers 10 free coaching calls, 8 weeks of free nicotine replacement therapy and the option for reduced cost cessation medications. People who utilize Quit Lines for cessation help are 7-10 times more likely to be successful in quitting than those who use other methods. The American Indian Commercial Tobacco Quit Line can be reached at 1-855-372-0037 or mtamericanindianquitline.com. The Montana Tobacco Quit Line can be reached at 1-800-QUITNOW or quitnowmontana.com.


non profit}

Partners with Local Coalitions in Reducing Underage Drinking & Prescription Drug Abuse By Kari Gabriel & Linda Ravicher To get the message to parents about the importance of paying attention to underage drinking, Flathead CARE partnered with the STOP Underage Drinking in the Flathead Coalition when it was organized in 2004. We recently partnered with a brand new coalition, the STOP Prescription Drug Abuse in the Flathead Coalition, created in 2015. Together, we produce a series of postcard reminders, theater ads, billboards, and social media messages that are directed to parents of teens. Parents are encouraged to:

a

Set and enforce standards for their teens by letting them know that underage drinking and illegal drug use is unacceptable in their family; Set a good example of healthy living; Become interested and involved in their teen’s activities; Know their teens friends and families; Set clear rules, boundaries and curfews; Never sponsor an unsupervised party, and do not let their teen attend one – provide safe chaperoned alternatives; Call parents who are hosting parties to assure there will not be any drinking or drug use; Ask for help for their teen if they believe he/she has a problem with alcohol or illegal drugs;

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For ten years, the STOP Underage Drinking in the Flathead Coalition has delivered the message that parents have much more influence on their children than they think. They watch what you do and adopt your values. Even though they pretend that they aren’t listening…. They are! Every day, nationwide, 2,500 teenagers begin abusing prescription drugs to get high or to help them with a specific problem, such as lessening anxiety, staying awake to study, or losing weight. Each year prescription drug abuse contributes to the death of more than 300 Montanans, and Montana teens report the third highest rate of prescription drug abuse in the nation. Additionally, 18-percent of Montana’s Middle and High School students report abusing prescription drugs. Another depressing statistic in Montana involves drunk driving. Of all driving fatalities under the age of 21, 33.3-percent involve alcohol impaired drivers (nationally, it’s 25-percent). Even Montana drivers over the age of 21 involved in fatal car wrecks, a whopping 40.6-percent include drunk drivers. These are not stats to be proud of in Montana…. What are we teaching our kids? Teens are accessing prescription drugs most frequently from a home medicine cabinet or from a friend or family member. Even though they can be just as deadly, prescription drugs don’t hold the same stigma as illegal recreation drugs, leading teens to regard them as a “safe” way to get high. Some of the most frequently abused prescription drugs by teens are: Stimulants (Ritalin and Adderall) to give them additional energy and ability to focus when they are studying or taking tests – One in 10 teens has abused stimulants; Narcotic pain relievers (Oxycodone, OxyContin, Percocet, Roxanol, Lortab and Vicodin) to get high and possibly relieve minor aches and pains. These drugs are highly addictive if abused and misused – One in six teens has abused a narcotic pain reliever; Sedatives and tranquilizers (Xanax, Valium, Seconal and Ativan) to help them cope with academic, social or emotional stress Among 12th graders, one in 11 has abused sedatives and tranquilizers. This list does not cover all the prescription drugs that may cause harmful consequences to our youth. A more complete and detailed list, entitled “Prescription and Over-the-Counter Drug Guide: A parent’s guide to the legal drugs kids are using and abusing,” may be obtained at www. thepartnershipatdrugfree.org. This guide provides known side effects, street names, how it is used, and signs of abuse. The risks of your teens misusing and abusing prescription drugs are both immediate and longterm. Immediate concerns include overdosing (especially on prescription pain relievers) which can be fatal, as can mixing prescription drugs with over-the-counter medication and/or alcohol. Over the long-term, prescription opioids (pain relievers) are potentially addictive and can lead to a lifelong pattern of dependency. Teen misuse and abuse of prescription drugs (as well as

marijuana and alcohol) can adversely affect youth brain development, which may impact your teen’s education and employment potential. It also can lead to serious problems for teens, such as impaired driving accidents, criminal mischief and truancy, to name just a few. So, what can parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, community members, educators, business owners, and community leaders do to help our teens from misusing and abusing prescription drugs and alcohol?

MONITOR the medication that is in your household. Make note of how many pills are in each of your prescription bottles; keep track of your refills. If you find that you need to refill your medication more often than expected, it could indicate a problem.

SAFEGUARD your prescription medicine by keeping it in a secure place. Teens abuse prescription drugs because they are easily accessible, and are either free or inexpensive. Approach securing your prescriptions the same way you would other valuables in your home, like jewelry, cash and firearms.

DISPOSE of your expired or unused prescription drugs. Do not flush medication down the drain or toilet, but mix the prescription drugs with an undesirable substance (such as kitty litter) then put the mixture into an empty can or bag and discard. Better yet, put them all in one Ziploc bag and take them to prescription-drug drop boxes in the lobbies of the Flathead County Sheriff ’s Office, and the Whitefish and Columbia Falls Police Departments.

EDUCATE yourself about which drugs kids most often abuse, and recognize the signs that your child might be abusing prescription medications, including: -Loss of interest in appearance, sports or social activities. -Cash, valuables or medication missing from the home. -Sudden mood changes. -Changes in friends. -Deceitful and secretive behavior. -Irregular schedule. -Sleeping excessively or at atypical times. -Noticeable increase in snoring.

SPREAD THE WORD. Once you’ve become informed, talk to family members, neighbors, and the parents of your children’s friends, and encourage them to safeguard their medications. Share information at Parent-Teacher Association meetings or other groups where parents gather.

SET CLEAR STANDARDS and expectations

around ALL types of substance abuse, including abuse of prescription medications. Family rules about drugs AND underage drinking give kids something to fall back on when they are tempted to make poor decisions.


Think

your family is immune to prescription drug abuse? Try these stats on for size: Prescription medicines are now the most commonly abused drugs among 12- to 13-year-olds.*NSDUH 2012 More Americans die from drug overdoses than in car crashes, and this increasing trend is driven by Rx painkillers.*CDC More people die from abusing prescription pain relievers than cocaine and heroin combined. *CDC Ninety-percent of addictions start in the teen years. *2012 CASA Columbia Nine million teens surveyed say they can get prescription drugs in a day. *thepartnershipatdrugfree.com One in 10 teens has abused Adderall or Ritalin. * thepartnershipatdrugfree.com Twenty-percent of teens report buying pain relievers from a friend or relative, or taking the drug from a friend or relative without asking. *Rx report from Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2007.

Let’s all work together to prevent prescription drug abuse and the tragic consequences it causes, including addiction, overdoses, impaired driving and even death. For more information about this nationwide epidemic, and signs and symptoms of substance abuse, contact: Linda Ravicher, Prevention Specialist at Flathead Valley Chemical Dependency Clinic - STOP Prescription Drug Abuse in the Flathead Coalition lindaravicher@fvcdc.net or 756-5653 Melanie Sidmore, Prevention Specialist at Flathead Valley Chemical Dependency Clinic - STOP Underage Drinking the Flathead Coalition melaniesidmore@fvcdc.net or 756-5659 Kari Gabriel, Executive Director at Flathead CARE gabrielk@sd5.k12.mt.us or 751-3971

Do you know the street names for the Rx drugs that are now the most commonly abused drugs among teens? Amphetamine (AKA: Bennies, Black Beauties, Crosses) – These create a stimulant that mimics the effect adrenaline has on the body. Amphetamines may be prescribed for the treatment of ADHD and a sleep disorder called narcolepsy. BRAND/COMMERCIAL NAMES: Biphetamine, Dexedrine®, Adderall®, Concerta® Barbiturates (AKA: Barbs, Block Busters) - These are central nervous system depressants that slow down the mind and body, causing drowsiness and sleepiness. BRAND/COMMERCIAL NAMES: Amytal®, Nembutal®, Seconal®, Phenobarbital, Tuinal Benzodiazepines (AKA: Sticks, BenZ, Footballs, Bars) – These are among the most commonly prescribed depressant medications in the United States today. More than 15 different types of benzodiazepine medications exist. They are prescribed for relaxation, calmness, and relief from anxiety and tension. Some benzodiazepines are commonly used to treat seizures or insomnia, but other more uncommon conditions too. BRAND/ COMMERCIAL NAME: Ativan®, Halcion®, Librium®, Valium®, Xanax® Codeine (AKA: T3s, AC/DC, Coties, Orange Crush, Triple C’s, C-C-C, Red Devils, Skittles, Dex, Vitamin D, Robo, Robo-Trippin, Robo-Dosing) – This is a prescription pain reliever that may be used to relieve mild to moderate pain, and to reduce coughing when used in combination with other medications. BRAND/COMMERCIAL NAMES: (Limited selection as there are more than 50 brand names of codeine alone and in-combination with other medications) Brontex®, Capital and Codeine®, Fiorinal® with Codeine (as a combination product containing Codeine Phosphate, Aspirin, Butabarbital, and Caffeine), Guiatussin® with Codeine, Mytussin® AC Cough Syrup, Robafen AC® Syrup, Robitussin A-C® Syrup, Tussi-Organidin®-S NR, Tylenol with Codeine (No. 2, No. 3, No. 4)® Dextromethorphan (DXM) (AKA: Orange Crush) – This is an ingredient found in any cold medicine with the “DM” or “TUSS” in the title or name. In fact, DXM is in almost half of all of the OTC drugs sold in the United States, making it easy to get, cheap and legal.

BRAND/COMMERCIAL NAMES: Any Cold Medicine with “DM” or “TUSS” in the title such as: Dimetapp DM®, Nyquil®, Robitussin®, Theraflu®, Vick’s Formula 44® Fentanyl (AKA: Apache, China Girl, Patches, Dance Fever) – This is a powerful reliever typically used to treat severe pain or pain after surgery. BRAND/ COMMERCIAL NAMES: Actiq®, Fentora®, Duragesic®, Sublimaze® Flunitrazepam (AKA: R-2, Mexican Valium, Rophies, Roofies, Circle) – It is prescribed to treat insomnia or given prior to anesthesia. It is a derivative of Benzodiazepine. It is not available in the United States, but is available in 60 other countries. BRAND/COMMERCIAL NAMES: Rohypnol Hydrocodone Bitartrate (AKA: Vike, Watson-387, Hydro) – This drug is often combined with acetaminophen (which increases the effect of the hydrocodone) to relieve moderate to severe pain. In the United States there are more than 200 products containing hydrocodone with acetaminophen (Vicodin, Lortab). Hydrocodone is also combined with aspirin (Lortab ASA), ibuprofen (Vicoprofen) and antihistamines (Hycomine). BRAND/COMMERCIAL NAMES: Hocodan®, Lorcet®, Lortab®, Vicodin®, Vicoprofen®, Tussionex®, Norco® Methylphenidate (AKA: JIF, MPH, Rball, Skippy) – It’s the most commonly prescribed central nervous stimulant used to treat ADHD. It may also be used to treat a sleep disorder called narcolepsy. BRAND/COMMERCIAL NAMES: Ritalin® Morphine (AKA: M, Miss Emma, Monkey, White Stuff ) – This drug is prescribed to relieve moderate to severe pain and is highly addictive. BRAND/ COMMERCIAL NAMES: Roxanol®, Duramorph® Oxycodone HCL (AKA: Oxy, O/C, Orange Crush, Oscar) – This drug relieves moderate to severe pain, and can be combined with other medications, including acetaminophen and ibuprofen. BRAND/COMMERCIAL NAMES: OxyContin®, Percocet®, Tylox®, Roxicodone®, Roxicet®, Opana

Sources and citations:

www.knowyourdosemt.com l www.resolvemontana.org www.SafeguardMyMeds.org l www.thepartnershipatdrugfree.org www.responsibility.org l http://www.cadca.org/ https://www.stopalcoholabuse.gov/ l http://www.samhsa.gov/underage-drinking http://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUH-FRR1-2014/NSDUH-FRR1-2014.pdf https://www.stopalcoholabuse.gov/media/ReportToCongress/2015/state_reports/montana_profile.pdf

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Friends and Neighbors The Foundation of Community By Lucy Smith

All across Montana, the United States, and around the world, local community foundations are working with friends and neighbors to address unique needs and opportunities in their own back yards. The story of community foundations began 100 years ago when the former mayor of Cleveland left a gift for his beloved city - a permanent endowment to be invested, grown and its income disbursed by dedicated community representatives for the good of Cleveland, forever. The Flathead Community Foundation (FCF) was established 10 years ago by and for people who live here, as a taxexempt public charity with IRS 501(c)(3) status. There are more than seventy local community foundations in Montana, each serving a specific region and its particular concerns. A hallmark of community foundations is the ability to align a donor’s interest with community need. Knowing that a donor is passionate about the environment, health care, education, animal welfare, or the arts allows foundation staff to be on the lookout for granting opportunities.

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Charitable donations are vital financial gifts, and even greater than money. They are the hopes and dreams of those who care about their communities – gifts from the heart given to make an important impact. Grants from donor-advised and community funds directly impact people who live here, by supporting the work of local not-for-profit agencies, community organizations, and special projects led by committed citizens. Community foundations are dedicated stewards of the intent that donors communicate, a resource to help align a donor’s interest with community need. Knowing that a donor is passionate about the environment, health care, education, animal welfare, or the arts allows foundation staff to be on the lookout for granting opportunities. Why give through a community foundation? Your local foundation can help you organize and maximize the effectiveness of your charitable giving. A fund with a community foundation offers flexibility, access to the expertise of community foundation staff and relieves you of the administrative burden of receiving funding requests and making donations. It also saves significant cost and time compared with setting up and managing your own charitable foundation.

Other services provided by local community foundations: •

Grant making due diligence

Tax reporting and accounting

Building endowments to ensure that funds are always available to support our community

Ensuring that donors benefit from the highest available tax deductions and tax credits

Accepting a variety of assets and facilitate complicated giving strategies

Fostering greater giving and volunteering in our communities

Serving as leaders with strong ties to their communities

Convening diverse voices and groups to discuss and address local issues

Ensuring that future generations learn the value of giving back by enabling individuals or families to establish a named fund creating a family legacy

Pooling the assets of individual funds, giving us economies of scale to work with top investment managers

Offering permanent recognition (or anonymity) for donors via named funds


giving back} Becoming involved with your local community foundation makes you an influential partner in the creation and direction of philanthropy right here at home. Community foundations are excellent vehicles for mobilizing the power of giving together, leveraging small and large gifts for greatest impact. Case in point, the Flathead Valley’s first Women’s Giving Circle, known as Women Who Wine of the Flathead (WWWF). In 2013, the Flathead Community Foundation (FCF) sponsored three young business women's dream to create opportunities for women of all ages and backgrounds to meet for social and professional networking, all the while raising money for local nonprofits. Their bold vision took root quickly and flourished. WWWF and FCF disbursed $12,000 in charitable grants at their first Giving Banquet, $24,000 the second year, raised $25,000 for the Flathead Endowment, and grew membership from a few dozen to a few hundred women!

Another demonstration of the good that happens when donors come together for a common charitable goal is the Kalispell Boulder Project – a Flathead Community Foundation volunteer effort to build a bouldering park near downtown Kalispell. Project volunteers met an audacious $100,000 fundraising goal in just over one year by rallying the support of outdoor enthusiasts, families in search of new recreation options, philanthropic community members and organizations, and businesses interested in enhancing local attractions. Groundbreaking is anticipated in April 2016. The Flathead Valley and all of Montana is abundantly beautiful, spacious, the keeper of many bright dreams for the future, and home to many who need our generosity. With gratitude for all that we have accomplished giving together as friends and neighbors, let us imagine and realize an even greater tomorrow - partnering in generosity for the good of our communities, forever. Lucy Smith, Executive Director Flathead Community Foundation 345 First Ave East, Kalispell www.flatheadcommunityfoundation.org

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Checking In

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I just returned from a long business trip in Park City for the Sundance Film Festival working for a good friend’s event company. I had a few friends say, “wow – that’s always been on my bucket list and I’ve always wanted to go to that.” Well, it wasn’t on mine but I knew it would be a great experience and I’m always up for trying something new and expanding my resume. It turned out to be a great experience but not because I was hanging out with the stars and seeing a lot of movie premiers. Arguably, it was the hardest I have worked in a long time but I was surrounded by a group of people that worked just as hard as I did and we all did it with “success” in mind. After 18 days straight of 14 hour physically and mentally challenging days, I learned new skills, I met new friends, and I pushed myself to the limit. On the flip side, I missed my family and friends, my routine, cooking (although I became known as the mom for baking many loaves of banana bread at our rental condo), and my bed! Ultimately, it made me think about what we do to be able to live in such a glorious place. I know some people that work multiple jobs, others that have to travel for work but always call the Flathead home, and still others that scrape by happily for a chance to enjoy a powder run daily at Whitefish Mountain Resort. At 406 Woman magazine, we continually strive to celebrate all of women that live and work here. Thanks for picking up our latest issue. We hope you enjoy reading about all the terrific women in the area.

Enjoy the winter season!

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What you’ll find in this issue? Dr. Basler with Carlson Chiropractic shares some safe, natural alternative approaches to dealing with ear infections in children. Read this story in our Business and Health section on page 48. The Gardner’s share their experience of adoption with the help of Child Bridge in our latest installment of “Changed Lives” on page 22. Marti Ebbert Kurth outlines the upcoming Glacier Symphony & Chorale’s concerts that are sure to entertain us all on page 50.

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Our Talented 406 contributors

Meet

Maureen Francisco…

C. Claude Basler, D.C.

Family chiropractor, allowing you to express your true potential

Erin Blair

Licensed esthetician and owner of Skin Therapy Studio

Delia Buckmaster

Certified in pilates and an active health coach, owner of Exhale Pilates Studio

Brianne Burrowes

Founder of I Want Her Job and Senior Consumer Marketing Manager at NASCAR track Phoenix International Raceway

Kay Burt

Mother, Grandmother, native Montanan, legal assistant--a woman whose life is blessed beyond measure

Cris Marie Campbell

Master certified Martha Beck coach and consultant, co-owner of Thrive! Inc.

Kristan Clark

Co-owner of Bestow Heart and Home, designer and writer.

Susan B Clarke

Faculty at The Haven Institute for 20 years and co-owner of Thrive! Inc.

Brian D’Ambrosio

Accomplished writer and newly published author of “Reservation Champ’

Jen Euell

Program Director for the Women’s Foundation of Montana

Maureen Francisco

Co-Executive Producer of NW Productions and award winning Author

Kari Gabriel

Exec Dir or Flathead CARE plus wildlife rehabilitator and educator

Kalispell OB/GYN Doctors & Practitioners

Board certified OB/GYN professional offering expert advice

Nancy Kimball

Marketing communications specialist at Kalispell Regional Healthcare, and career journalist

Marti Kurth

Public relations and marketing expert for organizations in the arts and music

Kristen Ledyard

Executive Chef and Owner of John’s Angels Catering

John Miller, DDS

Specializing in general dentistry, Dr Miller provides expert advice

Naomi Morrison

Professional journalist, freelance writer and committed to the community

Kelly O’Brien, Esq.

Business law specialist with Measure Law Office, P.C.

Kristen Pulsifer

Writer, editor and owner of Whitefish Study Center

Karen Sanderson

Wine expert and owner of Brix Bottleshop in Kalispell

Miriam Singer

Talented writer and songstress, promoting music as Singer & Simpson Productions

Lucy Smith

Executive Director of the Flathead Community Foundation, believes that everyday philanthropy is changing the world

Gwen Sutherland

Owner of Marketing Bits, writing and design business

Mary Wallace

Mother of three and grandmother to two, is still trying to figure out what she wants to be when she grows up.

Todd Ulizio

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Co-owner and manager of Two Bear Farm in Whitefish, MT.

For full bios for our contributors, please visit www.406woman.com.

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Profession:

Co-Executive Producer of NW Productions (produces state pageant qualifier to Miss USA and Miss Teen USA for ID, MT, OR, and WA, red carpet events, reality programming, and other productions) and Author of It takes Moxie: Off The Boat or Out of School To Making It Your Way in America

Resides:

Redmond, WA

Notable Accomplishments:

Wife, mom and Award Winning Author of Book About Going After Your Dreams.

My workweek always includes:

Lots of phone calls, lots of emails and lots of unknowns. It’s never a boring week.

My favorite outdoor activity is:

I truly enjoy traveling and being immersed in the culture of the places I visit.

Every weekend you’ll find me trying to:

Going to the gym and spending time with my family. (I will also use the weekend to catch up for the “next week.”)

When out for a meal, I always look for this on the menu: Virgin Mojito.

When it comes to food, I can’t live without: I love filet mignon.

When it comes to electronics, I can’t live without: My laptop.

My bucket list includes doing this in the next year: Shooting a pilot for a talk show.


239 Central Ave. Whitefish Mt. 406-862-6900

Proprietress Susan Schnee

Huge Store Wide Consolidation Sale

Copperleaf Chocolat company 242 Central Ave. Whitefish Mt. 406-862-9659

Proprietress Susan Schnee


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&

Bestow Tablescaping Written by Kristan Clark of Bestow Heart and Home Photographed by Camp-n-Cottage

Cold and snowy weather doesn’t deter most Montanans from enjoying the great outdoors during the chilliest months. In that spirit, we’ve invited Camp and Cottage photographer Sheri Beaman’s family to an impromptu sledding party. Join in the fun as we share our secrets to creating a successful wintery outdoor event.

kets, pillows and cushions make benches and Adirondack chairs comfy. Sheepskins, which are readily available, will keep guests especially warm and cozy.

Bon Fire - A warm toasty fire is key. Stack plenty of wood close by to keep the fire stoked so friends and family can gather around its warm glow throughout the day. Just like summer campfires, your winter fire will be surrounded by laughter and storytelling.

Hot Drinks - Fill thermoses with your fa-

Snuggle Spots – Create inviting seating,

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by bringing the indoors outside, so your friends and family can settle in with comfort. Wool blan-

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Bundle Up – Make sure that you have extra coats, mittens and hats on hand. Playing in the snow can make for soggy mittens and keeping guests warm and comfortable throughout the festivities will surely be appreciated.

vorite hot beverages and let guests serve themselves. Classic, hot cocoa and marshmallows are a must, especially if little ones are joining the fun.

Hearty Food - Outdoor activities and chilly

weather require some rib-sticking food. Robust soups or chili that can be prepared in advance and kept warm on the stove, in a crockpot or tucked by the fire are great choices. We’ve paired Chili

Blanco (recipe follows) with hearty thick squares of cornbread.

Keep it Simple – Buffet style is the best choice for an outdoor occasion such as this. The buffet lets everyone come and go, whether they’re grabbing a quick bite so they can take another run down the hill or a mug to nurture as they sit by the fire. We corralled dishes, tableware and napkins in large trays and containers that could be placed directly on the table. What could be easier? Lanterns are at the ready should the guests linger until dusk. Fun for All – Toboggans, kick-sleds, bob-

sleds, clippers, cutters, flyers and saucers; sleds have evolved through the years. Whether you’re brave enough to hop on for a wild ride or enjoy watching the kiddos fly by with glee, sledding remains a cherished and favorite activity for all ages and easy entertainment for a snowy day.


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Chili Blanco

Outdoor

activities and chilly weather require some rib-sticking food!

3 lbs. chicken thighs, skinned and boned OR Meat from one Costco Rotisserie Chicken

2, 15 ounce Great Northern beans

1 ½ t. white pepper

1, 10.75 ounce cream of chicken soup

1 teaspoon garlic powder 3 T. vegetable oil 1 small onion, diced

2, 14.5 ounce cans chicken broth 2 cans 4.5 ounce chopped green chilies 3 T. jalapeno pepper juice 2 T. minced cilantro 1 teaspoon salt

Cut chicken into small pieces and season with white pepper and garlic powder. Sauté chicken in oil in a stockpot for 3 minutes. Add remaining soup ingredients and bring to a boil. Reduce heat and simmer for 30 minutes. Ladle into bowls. Garnish with sour cream, cheese and cilantro as desired.

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Baby its

Too Cold Outside! (not)

Be Inspired My grandparents raised sheep on a large ranch in central Montana. I have fond memories of coming in from sledding or winter games of fox and geese, with my brothers to wonderful mugs of hot steaming cocoa and crispy sugar cookies. With warm tummies, we’d snuggle up in wooly blankets and curl our cold little toes into sheepskins. So soft and warm. Sheepskins and Pendleton weren’t necessarily in vogue in Gramma’s day, they were the practical elements of her life on the ranch. Gramma wouldn’t have thought to jump on a sled with us, though a snowball might not be out of the question! Yet, her warm, inviting home, cocoa and cookies and our snowy antics had all the elements of today’s sledding party. How could she know that decades later I’d be recalling those special days to inspire you to make memories for your own? After all, isn’t it the simple pleasures, created without too much fuss that we remember with greatest fondness?

Bestow Heart and Home 217 Main Street Kalispell, MT 406-890-2000 www.bestowheartandhome.com

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Beautiful Gifts, Unique Home Décor, Creative Gatherings and Event Venue

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Look for the “B” in Historic Downtown Kalispell

Visit www.bestowheartandhome.com for class schedules


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Tufting Featured on everything from

headboards to dining chairs, this home design trend shows no signs of slowing down By Wright’s Furniture

highlights

Tufting effectively the uniqueness of different fabrics

The button tufting on the seat back of this traditional swivel chair displays the rich suppleness of the high quality leather. This chair features a rolled arm, decorative nail trim and a hidden swivel mechanism.

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Tufting provides a touch of to any space. feminine

elegance

The button tufted linen on this upholstered mantle panel bed adds just the right amount of feminine softness to this oversized bedroom collection. This collection was inspired by timeless farm style antiques found in little castles of Old World Europe.


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calming

element Tufting adds a to an otherwise bold room.

This leather tufted cocktail table can add a restful component to a room with a lot going on. The tufting highlights the soft texture of the leather and nicely contrasts the wood finish. This piece also features a pull out serving tray and bottom shelf for extra storage.

soften

Tufting helps the sternness of modern furnishings.

This rolled tight back sofa with button tufting can attractively preserve a minimalist room’s simplicity while adding the perfect touch of softness and comfort.

Accent tufting can appealingly add interest, dimension and texture.

The rolled arms on this hand burnished all leather sofa have been heightened with button tufted detailing. The traditional style of this sofa is further enhanced with two decorative nail sizes and an exposed wood leg.

-Product featured is available at Wright's FurnitureIn store design center stocked with hundreds of fabrics and leathers to choose from - Special order options available -Free design services Many Styles and Price points to choose from

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M arketing T rends

An interview with Arteriors founder and designer, Mark Moussa.

Founded in 1987 by Mark Moussa. Mark’s innovative vision, creativity, and style have made Arteriors a leading provider in luxury residental and commercial lighting, but they haven’t stopped there. Arteriors also provides wall decor, accessories, and furniture. What is your trademark light fixture? Do you currently have a favorite?

This is a tough question, it is hard to identify just one. I think the Dallas Chandelier might be one of my favorite fixtures. It is a great example of style and engineering and our customers love that they can arrange the arms and lights so that the fixture fits the space perfectly. I’m also loving the Rook Pendant. Each gray-washed wood ring of this pendant is hand-cut and shaped then hand finished creating a fabulous, organic look that is truly a piece of art. This is the first kind of its design in our line, and I'm really excited about it.

From where does your inspiration come?

Not to sound trite, but our inspiration comes from everywhere. I’m especially inspired when I travel, and our development team researches the past for inspiration, often updating vintage designs to create a new piece for today’s consumer. At Arteriors, inspiration is a never-ending cycle of creation where collaboration is key.

What can designers expect from your new spring line?

When traveling, I've been most inspired by:

The same things we always strive for…a new mix of materials, interesting scale, hand crafted details…luxurious artesian products that will add layers of interest and texture to your designs.

Details. While traveling I look for elements, pieces and parts of the whole, details like the foot on a leg, or a finial on a fence…things that we can adapt to new designs making them unique. The closer you look, the more you find: a hidden marking, a water stain that would be a beautiful patina, a secret drawer.

What brings you back to Whitefish every summer?

There’s something humbling about being surrounded by nature in its purest state… undeveloped, as God designed. It completely inspires me as a human being. Montana is such a special place because it’s almost like an unfound territory, not like Aspen. I love how there’s so many things to do–while I spend a lot of time golfing at Iron Horse Country Club, there’s also amazing biking and hiking trails around Glacier National Park.

Visit Arteriors at www.arteriorshome.com. SAGE is proud to implement Arterior lighting and furniture into their custom residential and commercial projects.

Image Credits: #89981 Dallas Chandelier, $4,500 Mid-century inspiration results in this 18 light, brown nickel take on Sputnik. 12 adjustable arms. Photographed with 2" tubular bulbs. Approved for use in covered outdoor areas. #45100 Rook Large Pendant, $6,600 A mix of contemporary shape and organic materials. This hanging 6-light pendant is made of grey-washed wood carved in imperfect, undulating circles. Each of the concentric circles appears to float, but they are secure with filament wire. This is a natural element in a beach house over a driftwood dining table.

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F abric F ollows F ashions

How fashion influences our home décor and design. Our preferences evolve, material and styles are improved, and fashion trends do effect color, patterns, and fabrics. Today we speak with SAGE

founder and principal designer Jennifer Michele on how the fashion industry

influences the way we live from the clothes we wear to the curtains we hang and wallpaper we love.

Many fashion designers also create designs for the home, from fabrics to furnishings and lighting to wallpaper.

Jennifer:

Oscar de la Renta, Ralph Lauren, and Kelly Wearstler are examples of incredible fashion giants whose designs transcend the runway. Their creations for the home—fabric, furnishings, or modern light fixtures to name a few—often reflect the colors and styles seen in fashion. I’ve used wallpaper and fabrics by these designers with great success, and I know I can trust their creations.

How does fashion influence the latest design trends or styles?

Jennifer:

Let’s take a look at some of the latest trends in fashions . . . blends of gold and silver are popular on the runways, as are blacks and browns and geometric lines. Navy blue has also made a resurgence, and you can find those same colors and patterns on the latest in fabrics, wallpapers, curtains, pillows, and bedding. The chevron pattern is back in fashion, and this is a design that carries over well to a floor or wall pattern.

Jennifer Michele is the founder and principal designer of SAGE Interior Design based out of Whitefish, Montana. As a published designer, she has an eclectic style in the interior design and fashion worlds. She has been featured in Vail Home, Outside Television, and multiple newspapers publications.

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105 A Wisconsin Ave, Whitefish, MT | 406.862.2193 | www.sage-id.com


Janna &Ian June 20th, 2015

Written by Janna Privette Photos by Chuck Coon Photography

Our Love Story Prior to my first summer at Spotted Bear, I don’t think Ian had ever met a real Montana girl. He grew up in the Midwest where he didn’t interact with very many women who were interested in learning to fly fish, let alone willing to live in a one room cabin at a fly fishing lodge full of socially awkward guides who spent their evenings passing a bottle of whiskey around a campfire, eagerly discussing which color hopper was slaying it on the river that day. Neither of us would ever claim that our love began at first sight. In fact, when I arrived at Spotted Bear at the end of June 2012, my first week ended with Ian accidentally making me cry after uninviting me from a guide training float. Luckily he is good at apologizing, and by July we were friends, part of the same close-knit team that called Spotted Bear home. My first summer along the South Fork was a sort of ironic homecoming. I had spent the previous year in the disoriented wandering state that so many recent graduates find themselves after dedicating an entire life to school. And yet, despite being a mere

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60 miles from the house where I grew up, Spotted Bear somehow felt like my greatest adventure yet. My favorite memories from that first summer are of long solo afternoons meandering up and down new rivers, my Chacos gripping colorful stones beneath gin clear currents, struggling to master the cast and tangles of my fly rod. It was not until October, on our first official date, that Ian told me the thing that made me fall in love: that I am the only girl he would ever want to ride in the front of his boat. In order to understand the romantic impact this statement had on me, I first need to explain the rare breed of man that is my husband. Ian is a flyfishing and wing-shooting guide. This may sound like a job, but is really a lifestyle consumed by quirky habits that many women might describe as challenging. For example, Ian has what he calls his “fly tying desk,” which technically is a desk, but is more accurately an explosion of feathers, fur, and hooks sprawled across a large portion of our living room. His clothes, at least half of which are blaze orange, are constantly covered in a thick matt of hair from our bird dogs, Max and Gus. And, until recently, he preferred spending six months of the year living and

guiding at a remote fly-fishing lodge at the end of a 60-mile dirt road in middle-of-nowhere Montana.

Lucky for Ian, I was into all of the above. I have heard more than one guide state a belief that, because of their lifestyle, they will be alone forever. They cannot imagine finding a girl who will not only accept their peculiarities, but also allow them to continue to live their simple lives in the woods. And then, inevitably, they find that girl. Our first date took place on our first night back in civilization after nearly five months at the end of the road. We spent the evening roaming the quiet residential streets of Whitefish, an escape from the overwhelming bustle of downtown. Hand-in-hand, we talked easily about our shared desire for adventure, for embracing the exciting unknown of our lives, and most importantly, finding the perfect teammate with whom to share it all. I knew that in a few short days Ian was headed back to North Carolina where he spent his winters guiding bird hunters for bobwhite quail. But I was young and unattached and feeling an itch to do something a little bit crazy. That crazy thing was deciding two short weeks later to move across the country to spend my first East Coast winter exploring the tidal flats of North Carolina from the front of Ian’s boat.


love} stories

We wanted our wedding to be an event that not only celebrated our love but also brought together family members from all aspects of our lives to share in a Spotted Bear adventure.

Our Wedding

Ian and I spent four glorious summers calling Spotted Bear home, and it didn’t make sense for our wedding to take place anywhere else. We wanted our wedding to be an event that not only celebrated our love but also brought together family members from all aspects of our lives to share in a Spotted Bear adventure. In the months leading up to the wedding, Ian and I were spending our second winter in Boise, ID where I was completing a M.S. in Geology at Boise State University. I am both a planner and a thrifty lady by nature, and my proudest accomplishment to date is planning our wedding in the same 6-month span that I wrote and defended my thesis, all while staying under budget. Perhaps the most rewarding example of this feat was finding a dress that was unique, elegant, drowning in lace, and that cost less than $200. After scouring dozens of vintage stores, ordering and returning two different dresses online, and nearly giving in to the allure and price tags of a bridal boutique, I finally found my perfect dress on Craigslist. I said yes to my dress in a Starbucks bathroom with a close friend who zipped up the vintage lace, tucked in the massive collar that we dubbed the “wedding

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poncho," and gasped with me as we realized that my search was over. A quick trip to the tailor to remove the poncho, add some pearl buttons borrowed from my mother’s wedding gown, and I suddenly had my dream dress.

As proud as I was of my careful wedding planning, it became apparent in the days leading up to the wedding that the true wedding heroes were our friends and family. Each day, seemingly unsentimental fishing guides gifted me handfuls of heart-shaped river rocks that I was collecting to give away as favors. Our friends Matt and Jonas, who have cooked for some of the best restaurants in Whitefish, served the most amazing prime rib for our rehearsal dinner on the deck of the Diamond R Ranch. Ian’s groomsmen, their amazing girlfriends, and every guest who happened by, helped to set up tables, lights, and decorations after a last minute change in the reception location. Our reception was catered by our great friend, Chef Skootch, who spent an entire month plotting the perfect southern menu of pulled pork, ‘slaw, cornbread, and mac n’ cheese. He started our wedding day earlier than anyone, waking up at 5:00 a.m. to begin the process of roasting a whole Farm to Market Pig to falloff-the-bone perfection. My sister and second-father, Kevin, sang a perfect acoustic version of “Sweet Baby

James,” my favorite childhood lullaby, for the fatherdaughter dance. The bouquets were made from gorgeous Montana wildflowers, picked by my Southern cousins, one of whom happens to be married to an insanely talented florist. My Uncle Chuck, an exceptional photographer from upstate New York, captured the story and emotions of the day. And paramount to the whole event, Ian’s dad, a retired Episcopal priest, officiated our vows – the same vows used to marry generations of both of our families – on a bluff overlooking the river where we fell in love.

Following the ceremony, the wedding party paraded up the aisle to the jubilant voice of my maid of honor and beautiful little sister, Becca. Brimming in the lively whir of the moment, we descended to rafts waiting on the riverbank below. As we floated away, fly rods in tow, all of the most important people in our lives waved from the bluff above, silhouetted by a big blue Montana sky. As they sent us off into the journey of the day and the journey of life, we both sighed a breath of relief. We knew the rest of the day would be filled with our favorite foods, whiskey toasts, and joyful dancing with spectacular friends. But for the next hour it was just us, me in the front of Ian’s boat, enjoying an afternoon on the river. We were two teammates setting out on an adventure; and to us, that is love.


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Cupid’s Wine

Written by Karen Sanderson, Brix Bottleshop

If the angel of love had to chose a wine for his amorous couple, what would he chose? What qualities represent a “romantic” wine? To me, it has to be soft and delicate. Racy with a sultry spice. The perfect wine elixir of romance needs to be sexy, bold and brazen. Which wine fits those descriptions perfectly? Zinfandel. Similar to some of our longest running relationships, Americans tend to have a love-hate passion with this sassy grape varietal. One day you’re saying, “it’s so fruity and delicious, I love it!” The next day you’re rolling your eyes at the bar saying, “Zin? It’s sooo passé.” Remember the days when “white zinfandel” was one of the only options on a restaurant wine list? You may treasure those fond memories of girl’s nights out. That sweet pink juice is how many of us first sipped our way into the wine world, after all! Much to the chagrin of wine snobs, it has been one of the most popular wine sold in America. Over time, however, our palates have become more refined. Today’s zin drinkers prefer the silky, dryer style of this classic grape. Zinfandel was the first grape brought over by Europeans and was one of the first planted in California. The very first grape transplanted is said to be “Crljenak Kastelanski,” from Croatia. This zinfandel sibling dates back to 1820. The Primativo grape from Italy was another transported varietal which is also closely related to Zinfandel. Zinfandel was introduced to California during the Gold Rush somewhere between 1852 and 1857 and became widely planted because it thrived so well in the state’s climate and soil. Today, Zinfandel is the third-leading wine grape variety in California, with more than 47,000 acres planted and 355,599 tons crushed in 2014, according to California Department of Food and Agriculture.

How did white zinfandel become so

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popular?

It all started in the 1970s, when Sutter Home Winery was producing “premium” Napa Valley zinfandel red wines. The winemakers would usually “bleed off ” some of the grape’s excess juice to increase the concentration of tannic compounds on the red wine. This leftover juice would then be fermented in a dry-style wine that was labeled “white zinfandel,” though it was technically a rosé. Both of these practices were fairly common in the California wine industry at the time. It is said that white zinfandel was first marketed by Bob Trinchero. Bob had drawn off some of the free-run juice during the fermentation process. Admiring the classic French rosés, he fermented and barrel-aged the free-run juice and bottled a small number of cases as a tasting-room exclusive. The demand and production grew to 220 cases a year. In 2014, the annual production of white zin was to 3.5 million cases a year.


Are all Zins the same? Definitely not. Depending on where you source your wine, you will find quite different styles. Some will be more light-bodied with high acidity, and some will be more full-bodied with darker, richer fruit. Similar to a pinot noir, Zins typically have higher acidity than most wines. Berry flavors are luscious and brambly, depending on the ripeness. If you like five-spice powder, cloves and cinnamon spices, you will like oak-aged zins. Do you want a richer Zinfandel or a lighter Zinfandel? The easiest way to tell how “hot” a zin will be is to look at the alcohol level. (The higher the alcohol, the more “hot” it is). Riper Zin grapes produce wines with higher alcohol. Riper will also give you a riche, fruitier tasting Zinfandel. Whether you prefer the fruity pink or the robust red, when it comes to zin, you can’t go wrong this season. It’s the perfect heart warmer on these cold Montana days. One of the reasons I like zin is because it’s pairs so perfectly with chocolate. Here are some of our favorite and most highly-rated Zinfandels: Turley Juvenile Zin, 94 Points $42.99 2012 Robert Biale Zin, 91 Points $45.99 2014 Seghesio Sonoma Zinfandel, 93 Points WS $21.99 2012 Sin Zin Alexander Valley Vineyards, 92 Points WS, $14.99 Plungerhead Zin, Dry Creek, Sonoma, 91 points $18.99

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2012 Oak Ridge Winery Old Soul Lodi Zin, $13.99 2013 Maggio Lodi Zin, $8.99

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Recipe for Success

Chillin’ in Norway Eric Addison Doepke with

By Denise Lang

Blackened Ahi Tuna Filet with Tomato Concassé at the Theatercafeen

Oslo, Norway. When Montanans take a winter break from the Flathead Valley, they typically go south. But I’ve always been an outlier; I went to Norway. In my defense, I had good reason. My son, Eric, lives there. He and his wife have made their home in Oslo for nearly eight years, and this was my first visit. That’s the number one reason I went there on vacation with my husband, John. Number two reason…you guessed it. Food! Eric is a chef at the Theatercafeen, located in the Hotel Continental in the heart of Oslo’s cultural center. For more than 100 years, this landmark has been known as a “five-star experience” for travelers from all over the world with a history as rich as the food. The hotel has been in the same family for four generations and was occupied by the Nazis during WWII. It is a true treasure of luxury and history with the finest cuisine anywhere, right where my Eric works!

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This particular “Recipe for Success” article is more about my wonderful time in this amaz-

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ing place and also to share with you a strong feeling that I have. I truly believe that no matter what we do to make a living, and I do love selling real estate,…our greatest success is our children. And, the best legacy we can leave them are happy memories. So I give to you my enjoyment of this #1 World City, Oslo, which by the way in old Norse means “meadow consecrated to the gods,” and a recipe right from my family to yours, dear readers! Like most other nations with a high quality of life, Norway’s population tends to be very wealthy. The country’s gross national income per capita of $64,992 is among the highest in the world. Employment and political power are relatively evenly distributed throughout the population and literacy is nearly 100-percent. Oslo’s latitude is about even with Juneau, Alaska, right up there in the Arctic Circle. But even with the cold, it was a thrill to visit my family, see the museums, and stand in the place of the Vikings. Walking toward the Royal Palace in central Oslo, I found a tree-lined boulevard bordered by restaurants, cafes and upscale stores. The streets were filled with pedestrians bustling along to a great vibe. A

refreshing observation – parents and infants in strollers or perambulators, and children sledding…wonderful energy!

My two sons must have been born with wanderlust. After college, Eric headed to India where he met his lovely wife, Moa. They married and together opened a tapas restaurant in Goa. Although very much appreciated by their loyal customers, the restaurant was a bit ahead of its time, and after a few years, Eric and Moa headed to Norway, her home country. “I’ve been cooking for 20 years, and I owe my love of it to my mom,” says Eric. “When my brother and I were little, she would prop us up at the counter and let us stir batter, lick beaters and make our own little creations out of leftover dough. I guess it stuck because after college I worked at some pretty amazing restaurants in Bozeman such as the Yellowstone Club where I could do whatever I wanted. It was great, and that’s where I learned to create amazing food! But now, I love, love, love Norway. It is a wonderful place to work and live. The Theatercafeen serves a Mediterranean cuisine with a French aspect, very creative


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#

Recipe for Success

Blackened Ahi Tuna Filet with and upscale. Life is good here, and rest assured, Norway loves EVERYTHING American especially the sports!”

Eric knows my love of Ahi tuna, so during our stay there he created one of his personal recipes especially for me – a most delicious dish – Blackened Ahi Tuna Filet with Tomato Concassé. It sounds complicated, but with Eric’s instructions, I’m sure you can make it at home, delighting your family and guests. So here is my Eric’s gift to you from chilliest Oslo to the chillier Flathead Valley. And, if you ever get to the Theatercafeen (and you must make the trip someday), give Eric a hug for me! Theatercafeen in the Hotel Continental Stortingsgata 24-26, 0117 Oslo, Norway Phone: +47 22 82 40 50

Tomato Concassé

You will need blackening seasoning for the tuna filet. It’s easy to make and can be used on chicken, fish or really anything you like!

Blackening Seasoning:

1 part Hungarian paprika 1 part cayenne pepper ¾ part garlic powder ¾ part salt ½ part black pepper ½ part sugar for a glaze

The Tomato Concassé is like a salsa. Make it first and serve at room temperature. Cut tomatoes into quarters.

Lay the wedges flat on a board and remove seeds and pulp. Cut into cubes.

Mix the tomatoes in a bowl with chives, cilantro, parsley and extra virgin oil. Add a bit of lemon juice. Flavor with kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper.

Press the blackening seasoning on each side of the tuna filet. Using a very hot pan with a bit of canola oil in it, sear the tuna on both sides. It should blacken to a spicy crust. Filet the tuna and serve atop pan-seared small red potatoes. Drizzle the Tomato Concassé over and around it.

Bon appetit, or in Norwegian… håper det smaker!

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In the Pantry

The Glorious Egg Written by By Kristen Ledyard, John’s Angels Catering LLC

The egg

has been around for centuries, yet it is the most difficult for anyone to cook. One of the biggest tests I give when hiring a Chef is to have them cook the simple egg. Protein high and value rich, the egg is something to be celebrated. Its history dates back to B.C. and is very important to many cultures as a way to maintain health in the worst of the elements. Egyptians considered it an extreme delicacy, Romans explored different ways to cook the egg, and today, and it is truly back in protein style. Whether just whites or the yolk, all varieties of the egg are being used. Not commonly known is that the Ostrich egg is used more than the chicken or hen egg. Even the alligator egg is becoming a culinary delight. Let’s explore the fun and delicious ways to make the most of this amazing culinary treat.

Now, most importantly is how to store the egg. There seems to be a constant debate whether an

egg should be stored in or out of the refrigerator. In America, we generally vaccinate our hens so with that in mind, it is best to keep them in the fridge. If they are farm raised, the general consensus is to keep them at a steady temperature for up to three weeks. I think its best to be safe and refrigerate. Now, for the fun…recipes!

Best Scrambled Eggs

One to two eggs per person and up to eight in a regular sauté pan Light crème Crème fraiche Chopped chives Salted butter Salt and pepper

Additions: caramelized onion, cheddar and Swiss

cheese, hot sauce, Worchester sauce, minced garlic, tomatoes, mushrooms, and peppers There are so many additions, but this is the best base recipe for your amazing scrambled eggs. Put your pan on low and drag a pat of butter around the bottom of the pan. Some people use oil, but I find it leaves a film in your mouth. Crack your eggs into a bowl being careful about shells. Use a small whisk and muscles to whip them to a light foam. Pour a small amount of crème and whip again. Put up to one tablespoon of crème fraiche into the mixture and continue to whip. At this time, I add salt, pepper, and hot sauce to taste. Let sit for a few minutes while you toast a banquette for a garnish. Pour the mixture into your pan and slowly raise the heat to medium low. Make sure to continue to stir with a wooden spoon or my favorite is a plastic spatula with a soft scoop in it. Let them cook to soft or hard depending on your liking. Wait until you taste these!

*SECRET: Pour a small amount of white wine (preferably sauvignon blanc) in the bottom of your pan to create a “soufflé” effect.

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“Not Your Ordinary”

Deviled Eggs

One egg per person Mascarpone Favorite hot sauce (Louisiana style is my favorite) Minced celery Lemon pepper Additions: smoked salmon (lox style) Are you tired of the usual deviled eggs? This recipe is for you. Everyone has their way to hard boil eggs, but I like to start them in cold water, bring it up to a boil, cover, turn the heat off, and let sit for about twenty minutes. Remove to cool, once cool, slice in half and remove the yolks into a bowl. Start with a tablespoon of mascarpone, dash of hot sauce, tablespoon of minced celery, and mash (I start with a potato masher and move to a large spoon to finish). Continue to add ingredients to your taste. You can spoon or pipe the filling into the egg whites depending on the consistency you create. Sprinkle with lemon pepper and top with a small swirl of salmon for the final effect. As always, your guests will be amazed. For plating, be sure to decorate with chopped fresh chives or a rose of smoked salmon on the side. My favorite is to make half regular and half with the salmon. If you are wondering why no relish or vinegar, they create too much acid and you lose the flavor of the egg itself.

Brunch Egg Purses

Lightly toasted bread of your choice (I like to provide several kinds) One to two eggs per person Favorite jam Salt and pepper Garnish of Italian parsley finely chopped Muffin tin with nonstick or nonstick spray This is the best recipe for brunch. Preheat your oven to 375 degrees. Simply spread your jam over your different kinds of toast (I like to use different jams, as well). Make sure to cut the crust off of the toast and bring the jam all the way to the sides. Push the toast into the separate muffin containers. Crack an egg into each scoop. Sprinkle with salt and pepper. Cook for ten minutes for a medium egg and longer for a harder egg. Let cool for a few minutes, remove carefully, and top with the parsley. I like to use a leaf of butter lettuce to secure the purse, plus add eye appeal. This is a great plate to use a fruit salad on the side to truly complete the brunch meal.

“Eggs” for Dinner

Two eggs per person (at least) Potatoes diced small Sweet yellow onion (minced) Carrots small dice Sweet or hot peppers minced Tomatoes chopped Horseradish (to taste) Cooked breast of chicken cut into cubes (can use steak as well) Butter Cooked biscuits Salt and pepper This is a hearty and fun meal. Cook all of your vegetables together with a pat of butter until tender. Add salt and pepper to taste (we will add more at the end). Now, add your cooked chicken cubes. Start to whisk your eggs until smooth and add just a splash of water to aerate. Pour into your pan with your vegetables, chicken, and continue to cook until all ingredients are mixed together. Put aside as you slice each biscuit and place on your plates. Pour your eggselent mixture over the biscuits and serve. I usually have hot sauce on the side, just in case. Talk about a total meal with flavor galore. Remember to serve on a memorable platter or on an heirloom table as a conversation point. Just have fun serving something different and delicious to your guests. We could go on and continue to have so much fun with the egg, but it is your turn to explore the culinary avenues. I challenge you to the “Soufflé”. This is one of my most cherished family traditions and you can make them. Do not let anything scare you in the culinary world…just try and have fun. If you fail, you may discover a great new recipe (I know I have). I wish you a fabulous spring!


food}

Pruning and the art of Stewardship By Todd Ulizio, Two Bear Farm

When 406 Woman presented me the op-

portunity to write about farming for a year, I’m sure they had no idea what they were getting themselves into. The typical route to take would have been to write articles explaining tips for pruning tomato plants, deadheading rose bushes, or how to extend the growing season in cold climates. While helpful to the home gardener, this sort of information is commonplace and would do little to shed light on some of the more important issues facing us and our food. Over the past year, I’ve brought up some sensitive issues regarding the choices that we make as consumers, and I’ve delved into some of the social, economic, and political factors that all influence the food on your plate. What exactly have I been trying to achieve over the past year? Partly, I was trying to provide a unique perspective on some serious issues with our food system. More importantly, I was trying to raise awareness and to inspire you to act. I also wanted to provide a reminder that our decisions affect the world we live in, and to use our decisions, especially as consumers, to shape the world in a more positive way. To borrow a quote from Eldridge Cleaver that puts things a bit more bluntly:

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“There is no more neutrality in the world. You either have to be part of the solution, or you're going to be part of the problem.”

Some may construe that as an empowering statement, while others may find it an overwhelming burden. And many simply won’t care, and that is exactly the point. Meaningful change requires effort and application. Apathy doesn’t get one very far. And what better way to approach your dayto-day life than to act in a way that is consistent with your beliefs with the intent of affecting positive change.

And this gets to the heart of why I farm. Personally, I believe that our food system should provide healthy food to nourish people, and I believe in the sanctity of seed. I don’t want to eat food that has little nutrition, contains dangerous chemicals, or was raised in an inhumane manner simply because it is economically beneficial to the producer. There needs to be other priorities that factor into the food production equation. I may not be able to change the policies, regulations and economic drivers that have created our industrial food system. But I can grow healthy food for myself and my community. And if every community had a farm, or farms, that did the same, then our com-

munities would not only be more sustainable and resilient in the face of change, but I believe farmers would be more inclined to use better practices and be better stewards of the land. One cannot discuss the importance of being good land stewards without invoking the words of farmer and writer Wendell Berry, form his work The Gift of Good Land: “The great study of stewardship, then, is ‘to know that which before us lies in daily life’ and to talk about skill. In the loss of skill we lose stewardship; in losing stewardship we lose fellowship; we become outcasts from the great neighborhood of Creation. It is possible — as our experience in this good land shows — to exile ourselves from Creation, and to ally ourselves with the principle of destruction—which is, ultimately, the principle of nonentity….The “regulation” of abominations is a modern governmental exercise that never succeeds. If we are willing to pollute the air — to harm the elegant creature known as the atmosphere — by that token we are willing to harm all creatures that breathe, ourselves and our children among them. There is no begging off or “trading off.” You cannot affirm the power plant and condemn the smokestack, or affirm the smoke and condemn the cough.


“The great study of stewardship, then, is ‘to know that which before us

lies in daily life’ and to talk about skill. In the loss of skill we lose stewardship; in losing stewardship we lose fellowship; we become outcasts from the great neighborhood of Creation.

That is not to suggest that we can live harmlessly, or strictly at our own expense; we depend upon other creatures and survive by their deaths. To live, we must daily break the body and shed the blood of Creation. When we do this knowingly, lovingly, skillfully, reverently, it is a sacrament. When we do it ignorantly, greedily, clumsily, destructively, it is a desecration. In such desecration we condemn ourselves to spiritual and moral loneliness, and others to want.” Stewardship. Respect. Skill. Fellowship. Not words one hears very often in today’s world. We are all in this little adventure together, and as far as I know, life on earth was intended to be a long-term proposition. I know that’s a great simplification, but shouldn’t our actions (and the actions we condone) take a long view at how we inhabit this planet, and what life is going to look like for those who inherit it from us? We must be better stewards of the land, and in turn, we must be better stewards of our communities. We as a society must rethink issues of scale, equity, empathy and resilience. Whether it’s discussing how we manage soil or how we build strong communities without sacrificing them to the global marketplace, we must better understand the true and complete costs of our actions. Can we manage for stability and the long-term when there is so much economic pressure to trade that for the volatility of Wall Street and the boom/bust cycles it creates? Can the ideas of restraint and contentedness exist in a capitalistic society that only considers maximizing shareholder profit?

Can we ensure our health and that of our children when our industrialized food system focuses on profits rather than nutrition and health?

I believe the answer to all of these questions is Yes. Our daily decisions and actions do matter, and being informed allows us to act in ways to affect change. So, do you want to be part of the solution?

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Yeah, yeah, I know, I should have stuck to giving advice on tomato pruning.

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education}

Bullied By Kristen Pulsifer

I have had the pleasure of working with children, in one capacity or another, since I was 16 years old. I have been a camp counselor, an outdoor education leader, a high school English teacher, a tutor and a mother (still am), and the one thing I have never been able to tolerate is watching children be made to feel bad. It is crushing to see a young adult or young child be put down or harmed by their peers. The ‘pushing around’ that goes on between peers has become a hot topic. It is called Bullying. As a child, I remember being tormented by a kid named Crink. The name says it all! He used to call me fatty, grab at me, kick me, and threaten me. I was told by many that he just liked me. Really? Good thing I did not grow up believing that boys that hit me, and called me fatty, liked me. He stopped when my brother grabbed him in an arcade and told him to stop. Yes, an arcade – I suddenly feel old. My brother did not threaten him or hurt him, he simply said, “that’s my younger sister, your being mean, and I want you to stop bugging her.” And then, he walked away. He simply called him on his antics. I was impressed. I also remember being teased by the popular girls. Again I was called ‘fatty’, etc. Isn’t it odd what we choose to remember? All of those kids ended up being good kids by junior high, and I ended up being friends with most of them; but, then there are those that don’t grow out of it and continue bullying for, well… the rest of their lives. They seem to be the true bullies. Bullying is not a new thing. Bullying has been around forever. In older movies, bullies were often classified as either the popular kids or the tough kids. In classic works of literature, that are still taught in schools today, the theme of bullying is quite prevalent. In classic books such as Lord of the Flies, by William Golding and Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck, we see bullying on a much greater scale, but still, the basic fact remains, (even in these classic pieces of literature written decades ago) bullying is dangerous and damaging. Schools such as Whitefish Middle School and Muldown Elementary School work hard to teach students about bullying and work to help students understand that it is not ok to either be bullies or

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bullied. Most importantly, schools and parents around the country are working to make sure kids understand that if they are bullied they do not have to tolerate it. They need to learn to ask for help and know that asking for help is OK! As a result, I truly believe that so many kids are starting to see bullying for what it truly is – cruel and wrong. There is a great deal of information available everywhere, regarding bullying and how we can make a difference by teaching our own children how to respect others and respect themselves. Respect is the number one element that should be taught in an attempt to create an environment that is not accepting of a bullying and cruelty. Wikipedia defines respect as a “positive feeling of esteem or deference for a person or other entity, and also specific actions and conduct representative of that esteem.” I believe that if we teach people, especially the younger population, to respect themselves they will in return respect others. Respect breeds tolerance of differences portrayed by those that surround us, and acceptance of what others do even if it is not what we would do. Respect also breeds confidence in not only ourselves but in those that surround us. If we can feel confident in ourselves and our community, there is no need to bully and intimidate. Work to educate and remind people that, “Bullying is not OK. Bullying is not genetic, in other words you are not born with it in your DNA.  Bullying is not relative to race, culture, or gender, and is a behavior usually taught by someone you love or trust. Bullying is not a right of passage, and is not tolerable under any circumstances.”

Also remember and teach the following points to those that you are close toIf you see people bullying, even friends, stop and walk away and ask for help if necessary. Be strong. If you can be strong and brave, and stand up to the person bullying you, often times they will back down. BUT, if they do not, and begin to act more aggressive, DO NOT be afraid to ASK FOR HELP or simply WALK AWAY. Asking for help is also a way of being brave and strong. Asking for help is NOT weak. Be a friend. Help someone who is bullied by simply offering either a kind word or smile. The slightest gesture and/or positive acknowledgement can make all the difference to a person that is used to being put down and bullied. Also, be aware of the signs of bullying behavior. Ask yourself the following questions if you are concerned1.

Is your child or another child around you overly aggressive towards others?

2.

Does your child or another child close to you enjoy making fun of others?

3.

Does your child or another around you have a difficult time controlling his/her temper?

If we can continue to educate our children and those closest to us, bullying will become a less common and tolerated behavior. I believe that bullies will always be around. The ‘Crinks’ of my childhood will continue to rear their fuzzy heads; but, if more people turn away from bullying behaviors and those that exhibit them, maybe we can work to teach those around us what should and should not be consistently accepted and tolerated.


music}

Glacier Symphony

performs work by

audacious woman composer of the1890’s By Marti Ebbert Kurth

Glacier Symphony’s February concert, Rach 1 and Gaelic Symphony will pay tribute to a rarity in the classical world – a female composer who had the audacity and great talent to write symphonic music in 1896 no less! In that year Amy Beach wrote her Gaelic Symphony, and its premiere in 1897 with the Boston Symphony quickly established her as “one of the boys,” or so composer George Whitefield Chadwick wrote, signaling acceptance by the established Boston composers of the era. Her inclusion was unprecedented – men were symphonists, not women. Thus Ms. Beach launched her own push against the glass ceiling of male composers long before women were even allowed to vote. Born Amy Marcy Cheney in the small town of Henniker, New Hampshire in 1867, she began playing piano and composing at age four. Gifted with perfect pitch, total recall, and an innate ability at the piano and in composition, she knew even as a young child that “no other life than that of a musician could ever have been possible for me.” Yet her parents said no to a professional career for Amy. With hard work and determination she succeeded, despite the limitations imposed by family and society. Her childhood and early teens were devoted to piano studies. Her family relocated to Boston in 1875, and her mother finally ‘allowed’ her to make her piano debut at the age of 16 with the Boston Symphony Orchestra in 1885. Critics called her performance of Chopin’s Second Piano Concerto “perfect.”                           Her marriage at age 18 to Henry Harris Aubrey Beach, M.D., changed her career path as her husband, 25 years her senior, insisted that she limit her public recitals. Composition, said Henry, was to be her passion, and he allowed her to publish them, but only under her new name, Mrs. H.H.A. Beach. Denied a teacher, she taught

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herself orchestration and composition with remarkable success.

Widowed at 43, she went to Germany to present her compositions and revive her career as a pianist, under the name Amy Beach. On her return to Boston in 1914, she devoted herself to concert tours and composition, completing the balance of her 300 works that were almost all published and performed. She became the youngest member of the Boston Composers Group, the country’s first school of art music. Long a hero to women composers, she died in 1944 in New York City at the age of 77.            John Zoltek, GSC music director, writes in his liner notes that the Gaelic Symphony was Beach’s response to composer Anton Dvorak’s call for American composers to explore their musical roots. Dvorak suggested that a distinctly American sound might include Native American and African American elements. Beach, who lived in Boston, which had a large Irishimmigrant population, instead turned to Irish melodies attracted by what she described as “their simple, rugged and unpretentious beauty.”

Believing that older tunes were more authentic, Beach found her source for the symphony in a folk song collection published in 1841, and she borrowed from her own turbulent sea song, Dark is the Night. A lively fiddle tune recalls the chanter and drone of the bagpipe followed by two Irish songs with dance-like rhythms, large leaps, and soaring melodies that bring this generously-proportioned symphony to an energetic close.            The concerts on February 20 and 21 in Kalispell will open with Rachmanioff’s Piano Concerto No. 1 in F# Minor. Performing on piano will be Stanislav Khristenko, winner of the 2013 Cleveland Piano Competition. Praised by critics for his “precise technique, powerful sound and fingers of steel,” Khristenko is certain to capture the youthful vivacity and impetuosity of Rachmanioff’s work, which he composed at age 18 in 1891. Perturbed that the piece did not become popular with the public, he revised it in 1917 saying, “I have rewritten my First Concerto: it is really good now. All the youthful freshness is there, and yet it plays itself so much more easily...”  


music}

March Special Concert:

SweeneyTodd

           In March, Glacier Symphony and Chorale will join forces with the Alpine Theatre Project (ATP) for an On Stage! production of Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street. Written in 1979 by the American musical theatre icon Stephen Sondheim, the musical shocked Broadway audiences. But Sondheim’s genius was ultimately honored with eight Tony Awards, numerous Golden Globes and an Academy Award for the 2007 film.               The shows are set for March 11 to 13 at the Whitefish Performing Arts Center and will be performed “in concert” – a format that places the orchestra center stage with minimal sets while the costumed singers move the action in and around them. This will be the fourth collaboration of an “in concert” production for the two musical-arts organizations.             John Zoltek comments, “For me, Sweeney Todd is representative of those few works that almost redefine a creator, in this case Mr. Sondheim ... how crazy and shocking and how brave and confident was the composer who took to this macabre tale with uncompromising creative vision! Not only were the lyrics, songs and choruses great, but the orchestrated music itself perfectly evoked the lurid and dark atmosphere of this gruesomely comic tale of personal revenge gone to the extreme.”             Betsi Morrison, ATP Artistic Director will direct the musical. “We are thrilled to be joining forces again with the GSC to bring life back to our On Stage musicals-in-concert series,” she said. “Sondheim has crafted a tasty, thrilling, theatrical treat that has awed and delighted audiences across the world.  We will offer a star-studded cast, many of whom are Broadway veterans and alongside the incredible Glacier Symphony and its Chorale, this will be an offering you won’t want to miss!”

GSC Tickets

available in a range of pricing in several seating tiers. All youth through grade 12 are admitted free to the February concert.

Rach 1 and Gaelic Symphony

Saturday February 20, 7:30 p.m. at Flathead High School Performance Hall, Kalispell Sunday, February 21, 3 p.m. at Flathead High School Performance Hall, Kalispell

Sweeney Todd

All concerts at Whitefish Performing Arts Center Friday, March 11, 7:30 p.m. Saturday, March 12, 7:30 p.m. Sunday, March 13, 3 p.m

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Trumpet Legend Returns in 2016 Remembering 2015

By Miriam Singer and John Simpson

John and I love music, and we love to be aware of and close to the artists who create music. As Singer and Simpson Productions with thanks to the support of Don “K” Subaru and Subaru of America, we’ve had the good fortune to bring some great musicians to Flathead Valley. Last February legendary jazz pianist Billy Wallace traveled here from Denver to play piano at Whitefish Lake Restaurant, McGarry’s Roadhouse, and Schafer’s in Mountain Lake Lodge. Many remember when Mr. Wallace stole the show with The Four Freshman at the Whitefish Performing Arts Center in May of 2012. The Four Freshman had a blast on stage with Wallace who performed with Max Roach and Clifford Brown and accompanied singers like Carmen McRae, Johnny Hartman and Anita O’Day. Steve Tyrell performed with his band in March. It was his voice you heard romantically crooning “The Way You Look Tonight" on the soundtrack for the 1991 movie “Father of the Bride,” which catapulted Tyrell’s singing career. At his WPAC performance, Tyrell celebrated what he called the second wave of the Great American songbook - classics by songwriters like Carole King, Gerry Goffin, Carole Bayer Sager and Burt Bacharach. In addition to his usual standards, he sang great songs of a later generation while schooling us on American popular music’s journey from Tin Pan Alley to the Brill Building.

sounded better. He played an all-Gershwin program with Mike Barnett on bass and vocals by Katie Strohmaier. I knew that Nero was a master of classical piano and relentless reinvention, with styles from Broadway crossing over to movie themes, jazz and whatever music moves him. But I hadn’t realized what a fabulous jazz pianist he’d become. Like Gershwin, Nero bridged the genres. After all, it’s all music. And he was funny, delighting us with his brilliant piano and amusing stories. What a unique talent, a true genius!

In October, we brought The Ray Brown Tribute Trio to honor the great jazz bass player Ray Brown with Jeff Hamilton on drums, John Clayton on bass, and Larry Fuller on piano. The music was exceptionally beautiful. All three musicians had worked with Ray Brown and had become greater artists because of him. They each shared their knowledge by giving clinics at local schools. When a student asked John Clayton, “What was the most important thing Ray Brown taught you?”  He told them about the time Ray Brown pointed at the bass and said very emphatically, “You have to play this thing from here to here!!!! And then go out into the world and do In June, we brought Carlos Cascante y su Tumbao, a your music!  Learn it from here to here so it doesn’t fabulous Latin sextet from Seattle.  Tumbao refers FIGHT you!!!” to the feeling and rhythm of this Latin music, and also to the grace of the dancers.  That feeling was Jeff quoted drummer Mel Lewis who said, “I want contagious all over the dance floor where locals to feel like an overstuffed sofa the band can sit on.”  tried out moves they learned at the  free salsa They also all communicated the fun in playing music lessons given every night by Nelson Barahona. with friends. The more you learn, the more fun you Stirring vocals by Carlos Cascante and soaring jazz have. trumpet from Thomas Marriott combined with congas, piano, bass and drums to drive the Latin jazz John Clayton told them, “I’m old. Imagine how much beat into the Tumbao'd crowd. fun I’m having!” 

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In September, Peter Nero played amazing piano In November, Judy Collins proved that her voice and on Whitefish Performing Arts Center’s beautiful spirit remain strong, and her music deeply current. Steinway-concert grand piano, and it had never There was a magic feeling in Bigfork when she

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sang Amazing Grace a capella, and many of us joined in. She loved the mountains here and said that made her feel at home since she grew up in Denver loving mountains. She began her concert on guitar, playing a number of her hits. At the piano, she played and sang songs she’d written. She shared a new project of songs by Stephen Sondheim and moved us with a beautiful rendition of Send in the Clowns. As always, her passion for the music was inspiring. Speaking of artists passionate about music, this coming October we’ll be welcoming Herb Alpert and Lani Hall again. In November 2014, Alpert and Hall gave one of the best concerts we’ve ever produced. Alpert was in his element, galvanizing audiences with his inimitable trumpet stylings full of feeling and fun. And what a treat it was listening to his wife Lani Hall, one of the best singers I’ve ever heard. What a voice! What great presence and musicianship! Their love radiated from the stage. And they’ll be bringing their fantastic trio. We’re so glad to have them back!

Herb Alpert and Lani Hall Saturday, October 8th, 7:30pm

Bigfork Center for the Performing Arts, Bigfork Purchase tickets for Herb Alpert and Lani Hall in Bigfork at http://SingerandSimpson.com or  https://www.tix.com or call 406-730-2817. Sunday, October 9th, 7:30pm

Dennison Theater, University of Montana Campus, Missoula - Purchase tickets for Herb Alpert and Lani Hall in Missoula at  http://www.umt.edu/griztix/ Sponsored by Don “K” Subaru, and brought to you by Singer & Simpson Productions. To join our mailing list, please contact us at  info@SingerandSimpson.com.


406 Woman Business Vol. 8 No. 5  

406 Woman Business Vol. 8 No. 5

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