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Puc.24au6 npuMeHeHue eepeaKu dng omduaaHuqnuHui. BHa,lanedenanmcg omMemKu o6oux KoHqoe cmeHbt. BepeeKa Hamqeueaemcs M Kdy omuMu KoH\aMu, nodHuMaemcs u npu omnycKe ocmaBnnem Ha ocHoeaHuu mogHyro npflMyo nuHuro.

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Puc.25 a u 6 HaHeceHuenuHuti npnMoeayera Ha cmo1KyKapKacau nepeHeceHueomMemoKHa nonepeqHbtecafl3uc noMou.bnyeonbHuKa.

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H a u n y v u l n i c n o c o 6 p a c n u n o B K t 4n e c o M a r e p n a n o B- o r o 3aKpenneHHaF Ha crone ropqoBar qhpKynbHaFnt4na,cHa6xeHHac necoMarepxanbl BcnoMorarenbHbtM cronou r ynopovt.Cee noMot4brc MoxHo pa3pe3arbbbrcrpo x roqHo no paaMepy.l-l[pKynbHaenuna .qonxra 6sns cnoco6Hapa3p6arb 6anxu LtjnpuHotl220 MM.,.rro y,+4TbrBarb Heo6xo,qhMo npn aur6opemo4enu. pacnhnoBKt4 necoMarephanoB MoxHo nonb3oBarbcnraoKe Enc HoxoBKof rnn pyvrori r.lxpKynbHoinhnof. BaxHo ronbKo, .{To6bl nonoxeHHbrepflAoM MarephanbroAHoriAnnHbrcoorBercrBoBarr 6brnunpt[4brMr.r. Apyr Apyry no pa3Mepy,14r4xKoHr.lbr pacnnr nunoMarepuanoBoAHoi Aflr4Hbr MoxHo l-lonepe.lHbrf npolr3BoAr4Tb oAHoBpeMeHHo, ecnu pacnunoBKah pacKpoicBf,saHbl c rpygHocrqMu.Heo6xo4uvue peranu qenecoo6pa3HoHape3arb 3apaHee,vro6u npn c6opxe creH He HyxHo6stno pas or paey npepbrBarbcnt43-3aHeAocralou.l,rxqacrei. Pa6ora craHosr4tcg gce 6onee o@SerrheHofiB 3aBrcnMocrhor KoJl,rqecrBa 3apaHee Puc, 28 HoKoaKa u pysHas L|upKynbHannuna Han neHHbrxAeranet. f'lpu gToMecru 6onuue Bo3MoxHocrei coKparnrb KoJl4qecrBoorxo,qoB.Ecnu pacnunoBKanpoh3BoAl4Tct co c6opxoi creH,-To Mecro, rAe npolrcxoAl4T oAHoBpeMeHHo pacnnnoBKa,ecrb cMbrcnpacnoflararbno6nnxe x n,tecryc6oprn.

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lt Pacnnnoexannur (qnroe) unu qnpKynbHox ,Qnrpacnnnoerunlrnr [4oxHononb3oaarucnpyvr-rori pasnaMbrBaHueM nunofi.HexoropsreBuAbrnnur MoxHopacKpanBarb no n^Hnu,npoBeAeHHoi HoxoM. Py.rHoi nhnoi crour nonb3oBarbclToJrbKo 4nn re6onuLurx yrny6neHui. HaApeoB,HanpxMep, nonyqeH[e flpn noflb3oBaHIu Anfl py.{HofqupKynbHoinunofi Hanflure Heo6xoAl4Mo npoBoAr4Tb nuHuro, pacnrnoBKa.MoxHo rcnofl b3oBarb BAonbKoroporlnporl3BoAl4Tcg raKxe HanpaBflflrou.tyn,BAonb Koropoi ABhxerca nuna. nflnrbl MoxHo paspe3arb u c noMou.lbroHacroribHoriqnpxynrroi nnns,, ecnh HanpaBnstou-tuh cton y HeeAocraroqHo6onbuofi. frnco(aproHHbrenrnrbr MoxHo pa3naMbrBarb. ,Qnneroro Ha nnhre c noMou.lboHanpaBnsou.letnpoBoAurcaHaApe3HoxoM. flnrra DagnaMuaaerccno eroi naHnvnoa cru6aaun. pacrpaneatu6onuuoe KofluqecrBonj'rur,Tooro Ecnx nplxoAr4Tcfl cror4TAenarboAHoBpeMeHHo. npr 3ToMBbrMepeHHac u pacKpoeHHaF nnura Moxer cnyxurs ua6noHoMAnr ocranbHbtx.Pa6ora raK[M 06pa3oMycKopqercr,a nnrrbr nonyqaorcs oAHoropa3Mepa.

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flpr xpenneHnncoe4uHeHnirsos4an,tu B chcreMe([harQopMa> BcerAanpr[4eHqercr oArlH14Tor xe nptaHr]un. Cnoco6 3aB]4cr4T or B|/|Aa COeAUHeH|4fl.

KpenneHrerBo3Aqurueo6xogr,rrrro no Bo3MoxHocr[npou3BoAl4Tb BcerAaB oAHoMx roM xe nopFAKe.B grou cnyqae KpenneHue coeA[HeHut craHoBr4Tcfl ero ycxopner pa6or"', AenoMpyruHHbrM, h rBo3Al4aBToMarrqecKr3a6uBarcTcn B HyxHbrxuecrax. Ecnr sa6reaHre reos4eri nporaao4urcr 6ecnopngovHo,B coeAIHeHu!4 qTOyl\ileHblllaeT MOryrOCTaTbCg MeCTa,HeAOCTaTC,IIHO SaKpenneHHble, ero nDoqHocTb. Huxe nphBeAeHbrnprMepbr KpenneHr/'rc f Bo3iqFMnocHoBHbrx coe4uHeHuri 6anox u creH. flocxonsxy coeAuHeHun g 6anxax HuxHeTo I Mex,qygTaxHoro nepexpbrrr4i oAuHaKoBbr,MeXAy Hr4r\4r, He AenaeTcg pa3ruq 9.

Kocoe KpenneHueo6e.f,goqxsrx6anox r nonepeqHbtM cB93-nM 06ensoqHure6anxtaKocoKpenFTcfl rBosAflMu KnonepeqHbtM cBq3cM. Iloneps{HbrecBF3trmoryr 6urru QyHAaMeHTHUe I creHoBbte.

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Puc. 32 Kocoe KpenneHueeeo3dqMuo^effioeHoi 6anKu c nonepeqHori ceF3bto. Kocoe KpenneHue cnedyem npouseodumb ocmopoKHo, nomoMy qmo noseneHuempeu,uHyaenugueaemnpoeu6 dDeeecuHbt.


Puc. 33 a u 6 Kocoe KpenneHue 6anKu K nonepevHoi ca43u. O6effioqHaB6anKa Kpenumcq x dpyeuu aanxau maKuM o6pa3oM, .mo eeosdu npo6uearcmcg cKeo3t o6easotxyn 6anrcye xouet4 6anKu

Kocoe rpennexue 6aroK K nonepeqHbtM cBr3rM tl GKBO3HOe KpenneHxe o6Bg3oqHbtx 6anoK K KoHqaM 6aroK 6anxuurxpero n uexeraxHoro nepeKpblrl4i(penflTcrKnonepegHbtM cB939MHaKOCO TBO3AqMC O6eUXCTOpOH. ObeqSOqHaC 6anxa KpenurcsrBo3AqMhx KoHqaM6anoK.

Puc. 34 CdeoeHHbre6anKuucnonfiypmcl npexde eceao KaK 6oKoebteu nepedeuxHbre 6anKu. B HUXHeMnepeKpbtmuue Mecme pacnonoKeHuF QyHdaMeHmaoqaea Heo6xoAuMonpoeepumb, ynupaemcn nu 6anoqHbttiHacmun e +yHdaMeHm unu a HeM6ydem cdenaHcnequanbHbli npoeM1nn ocHoeaHu90qaea.

Cgeoeusre 6anxn C4eoerrue 6anx[ c6neaorcf, rBo3AflMl4. PacctoaHneuex4y rBo3iqflMIonpeAen9eTcgqepTexaM!4 KoHcTpyKt-ll4 t4_ FA

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CoeAuxexre c noMorqbxl <6anoqxoro 6auMaKaD 6anoqHure6auiraKu ucnonusytorcqB coeAhHeHnrxMe44y6anxaun n ocroeHuvn $epuavr, e 6anovrotvtHacT[neB MecTaxnpoeMoB14 6anxaun, BblcrynoB,BcoeAl4rerunxue4qy 6anxaMnu o6sqgoqHsllittt 6onee npoqHbtM. ecnn coearHeHhereo6xo4uuo cAenarb

Puc. 36 a u 6 KpenneHue nnum qepHoeo nona K 6anKaM. no KpasM nnum u K o6e%Hoi 6anKe KpenexHoepaccmosHueeceedacocmaennemk 150 MM.KpenexHoe paccmonHue K npoMexymoqHbtM onoDaMcocmaanqem k 250 MM

KpenneH[e nrnr qepnoro nona K 6anraM .lepHoro nonaKpentrcnx 6anxauuypynaM[hnuc noMotlbto flnl4Tbr no xlen r reoa4efi.Cnoco6rpenneuur reo6xoguvonpoBepgTb qeoTexv. nfy\

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Puc. 37 a u 6 KpenneHue nonepeqHux censeil K cmoiKaMKapKaca

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I 1.8YcraxoexaonopHbrxrqxroB 3anonHfeMoronora HaqanbHoe cocmonHue ycraHoBneHbr. OnopHbtenflxrbl SanKr HuxHeronepeKpbrrr4t npuKpenneHbr K6anKaM. Koneqnoe cocmogHue YcraHosneF{ut HhxHxeHecyqueulnrbrr4gonFquh. Codepxauue - t43foToBneHl4e Hecyu.I4x r4r4ToB; - ycraHoBr(anx HaonopHbre AocKh; - 3aAenxaqenei (npureo6xqgnuocru). H eo6xo0u nnu e u Hcmpy MeHm b, yronbHuK, nrna, nuna/qupxynsxas MepHacpynerKa,KapaHAau, Puc. 56 a HurKHrFHecyulaq nnuma

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nora hcnonb3yorcq B KaqecrBe HuxHei onopbt AnA usonfl|',]'vr{ ronulrHoi 25 MM. nph nJIt4Tbl nopucrbreApeBecHo-BonoKHr4crbre ucnonsaogaxnr6anoKcraHAaprHoropa3Mepak 600 onopHbteu{hrbl nnur Anunoi 3000 MM,Koropbte u3roroBnrorcr r43Berpo3au.lnrHbx pa3pe3aorcc Ha qacr[, noAxoAtlqre Ant npoMexyrKoBMexAy qupKynbHoinunof. 6anKaMh.PacKpoi npou3BoAr4rcq qnr Flocne,qHnfi lluru ycraraennBaFTcenph AnnHe 3000 tvtt'it. ycraHaBnuBaercfl B obpe3aercqAo HyxHoi An[Hbt. flt4txHr4iKycoK KaqecrBenepBoroHa cneAyK)qeM6anoqsou npoeMe,nocne qero MoHTaxBeAercs qerbrMu nnuraMu. nocneAHxtl (ycoK B AaHHoM prAy craBrrcn B KaqecrBenepBoroB cneAypqeM T.A.flpu rarou nopgAKenoqrh Heocraerce orxoAoB.lluru npu6uaanrcqrBo3AflMt4, Hr4Mh 3aAerbtBabrcg. npn Heo6xoAr4Mocr4 u{enh Me)|(,qy Ecnx B AoMe B BepxHeMoraxe 6yAyr creHbt MeHbulef, .{eM Berpo3au.lttrHbte o6ut,{Ho,eucorH, ecrb cMbrcncHaqana 3rcToBt4Tb nflrlrbr Anr Hux. Hecyqne nnrrbr AJII 3anonHneMoronona MoxHo noToM}l3roToBrTbt43ocTaBUerocFMaTepuana,

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nepeMeqeHl4e MaTeprafloB; pa6or: nrl4THaMecronpo[3BoAcrBa 3arpy3Ka nrihT; t\4oHTax h KpenneHhe pacKpoinrl4r Ao HyxHoi QopMbr; y6opxa.

H eo6xo d u u ar e u Hc m py MeHm bt MepHaepynerKa, Kapa4au, yronbHuK, nuna/qrpxynuHan nhna,MororoK / nHeBMaru,lecKui t\4onoroK, nHeBMar[,]ecKnZ HaTHerarerb Kreg.

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co Bcex cropoH ,qfie,]epHero nofla rcnonb3yrorcflunyHToBaHHbre nucrbrQaHepbrhg xeofiHoiApeBecrHbr. HapyxHsrtlcnoriSaHepbr AonxeH pacnorararbcgno orHouleHhbx 6anxau B nonepeqHou To noA crblKl4 HanpaBlteHhh. Ecnu Qarepa He urnyHToBaHHag, HeooxoAt4Mo noAKnaAbtBarb onopHbrenraHKh. fln[TH KpengTcrrBosAq[4l4, BuHTaMu vnv c noMou-lboKner. O6tuuBKanruraNrnHaquHaercqc roro KpagbafloqHoroHacrrrria, prAaM]46aroK Ha nonoBuHy rAe paccrogHueMeXAyKpaiH[[,1r4 qelr yxe, uupuHsr 6anxr Mex(AyocranbHbrlrla.CHa,]anaHa Mecro yKnaAbrBaercrKpaiHhi prA nnur 6e3 Kneq.flpoBeprerca poBHocrb ero, 3areM npol43BoAl4Tcq ero BpeMeHHoe KpenneHl4e. flocne roro, KaKnepBbrt pqA Tot{HoycTaHoBneH Ha MecTo,r\4oxHoyKnaAbrBaTb pgAbr14KpenhTbhx no-nopFAKy. ocTanbHbre qenbrMlr]r4craMuc 3aKpbrrueM Bcex O6uhBKanpoh3Bo.qtaTcn npoel4os.Ecnh xyco( nhcra, Bbrcrynanqui sa Kpai 6aroquoro BcreAyouleM peAy,ro ero o6pesaor P u c . 5 7 a u 6 H a q a n o y c m a H o e K un n u m u Hacrrna, Herb3F14cnorssoBarb pa3Mepa ronbKonoAKoHeq.06unsxy nnnraMucneAyer Hanpa aneHue Hapyx Hoeo cno9 Ao HyxHoro pa36uBarb Hacra4unc rena,sro6srcHaqaJra nnuraMt.t noKpbrBalracb KaKae-To AoBorbHo6onsuas qacrb Hacrnna, npl4oroM nr]rrbl np['i6['lBa]orctnepBoHaqanbHo rBo3AFMt4 vnn BVHTaMA, nocne qeTo HaHocr4Tcq mei. flpu yKnaAKeftrecrapacnonoxeHhq6arox rvroxHo orN4eqarbHa nI]|.|TaxKapaHAauoM,'rro BnocneAcrBt4u oofler,laer npu6uBaHl4e rx rBo3AqMh. flocne roro, KaKnn raM[ noKpoercq qacTbnnou.laAh,r,roxHonpr6uaarb ux cpa3y Bce, 3HaqhTenbHaf paHeeorMerK[.BH14MAHtlE!Heflb3eAaBarb cnonb3yecAenaHHbre Knen BbrcoxHyrb,npe4Ae qeM 6y4er npor,rsae4eHo oKoHqareflbHoe Puc. 58 a u 6 AnyHmoaaHHbEu HewnyHmoeaHHbre KpenreHue.flocne roro, KaKr4r4Tbr 3aKpenneHbr, nepasrfiprg nnumb! qepHoeonona. EnF HerunyHmoeaHHbt 113aTeN4 oTpblBaeTcg Kpen[TcFoKoHqaTeIbHo, KaKr ocTatbHbte. Ha nocneAHeMerane o6pesaorcq KpaqnucroB Ao npaBuJrbHbrx nnum HyxHbrynopu nod uLeauu. pa3MepoB l4Bbrpe3aorcsnpoeMbr,B TaKoM cryqae yAaerccr36exarb 3SSeKracKonbxeH|/|e or npucyrcrBl4e on|.|noK Hapa6o,lei nnocKocTr4 Bo BpeMeo6ungxu.B 3aKno,reHue onulrt y6upaorcnc tee. B HuxHeMnepeKpbrru14 BobuuBKeocraBneercflorKpbtraqnojtoca, qepe3 Koropyrono3AHeenpousBoA|/|Tcg 3aKnaAKau3on9qn . Enq 3Tot noflocbr u3roraBn BarcTcqnoAxoAftque nnurbt, Ho oHt4 He 3aKpenntorca. KpenneHl4enpou3BoAt4Tcg nocJreycraHoBKl4 v3ons\n\. flonocy reo6xo4ur,rossr6rparu raK, qroobt Ha Hee He nphxoAr4racbneperopoAKa.

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d 2.1 Pasiierra Anf, ycraHoBKncreH Haqantuoe cocmosHue ycraHoBreHbr nnnrbrqeoHoronora. Koneqnoe cocmogHue Ha t4orMeqeHbl cre{ v npoeMoBorMepeHbt Mecra ycraHoBKV qepHofo nonepg{Hbtx Ha.thHarb [3roroBteHue nona.MoxHo nrurax cBe3ei. 60a

Codepxanue - oTnoxeHue paSMepoB BH!4X HanrrTax GTeH x npoeMoB I pa3MeTKa qeDHoro nona. H eo6xo d u u sre uHc mpyM eHm bl BepeBKa1na ot6uaauna nuuuh, Mepuar pynerxa, KapaH.qalx, yfonbHuK,nhna.

606

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OnucaHue pa3MepoB rMeer cBoetl3aAa,{eforMer[TbHannurax Orxna,quaaHne qepHoronona MecTaAng pacnonoxeHnqcTeHu npoeMoBHaHnxTaK, xaxsro o6oggaqegoHaqeDtexax.flo orl4MorMerKaM13roroBngnrcq nonepeqHbre cBt3h An9 cTeH. HaHocsrcrorMerKupa3MepoB, BxavaneHapa6ovylonoBepxHocrb yKa3aHHbrx B qeprexax. Merp 3aKpenneerca3a Kpat4nnurbl qepHoro qTo oT HefooTct{hTblBaoTcF uaraou.lhe pa3Mepbl. nona, noTol\4y qto6st pagMepoB oHn se 6snu sarevt rax, OTMerKr Aefiaorcn creuu. KpoMeroro, npu c6opxe nonepeqHbtMu cBq3qMn 3axpbrrbr prAoMc ro,rKof,o6GHa.{aDqei pa3Mep,xopolxo cAenarbnoMerKy, HanpMep, Ha Mecrax 6yayu]tlx o6nervarculyo 3anoMuHaHt,te. yKa3arb Hl4xHero4 BepxHeroKpac.MoxHo Bbtcory npoeMoBMoxHo yKaSaTbToqHoeqncno, pa3MepHbrMl4 pfAoM ToqKaM TaKXe c qro6ur ro,{xl,rHe cMeunBanncbrr,re4qyco6oi n npx [3roroBJleH|,|u cBgserirx uoxso 6stno nelKo qurarb c nona. Oco6oe noneoeqHbrx BHhMaHhe Hago o6parltrs Ha ro, ,rro6btroqK[ He ]4cqesnunoA B.n|4fl H|,eMnoroAHblxycnoBuvl. 3a oAnHpa3, noKapa6ovan Bce 3aMepbrxopouroBbrnonHnrb h MarepranoB.Pa3MerKa vrHcrpyMeHToB noeepxnocrscao6oAHaor cHaqana HaHocgTcfl nopHAKe: BbtnonHtercFB onpeAeneHHoM y orMerKn HaHocqrcsc o6enx KapKaca. creH orMerKnB HanpaBneHuh HaHoctlrcl BepeBKu Mex4y Ht4Muc noMoLlbtoor6heHoti KoHLloB, uepHutxnului lyxuo creHbt.flptl HaHeceHuu nnHhspa3MeuleHug Ha qepTexe. cneAye MepHblMnUHAAM ABhraTbcqc[cTeMaThqecKu, pa6o.{ei nnHng HapyxHblx nfiocKocrl4orMeqaercgBHyrpeHH99 Ha CTEH.

60e Puc. 60 a-e noDFdoKebrnonHeHuqpasMemKu. a - Pa3MemKaHaguHaemcrom HapyxHoi cmeHbl (1). OdHoepeMeHHo Ha pa6oqei nnocKocmu o6ogHatraemcflMecmo npoeMa u omMemKuezo aHcomb!. nocne 3moeo Memp nepeHocumcg eo emopotl KoHeL4nonepegHbtxcmeH, u maM omMeqanmcs Mecma KoHuoecmeH (2). 6 - Mecma pacnonoKeHue nepneHduKynepHbtx cmeHMoKHoom\epmumb c noMoulbtoomdueHot eepeeKu(a, 6...) B - Memp nepeHocumcqe dweoM HanpaeneHuuu ndemopnemcnma xe onepaqun. Ha Qponmouuoi cmeHe omMeqapmcqMecma u ebtcoma npoeMoe. e - HaHocamcfl nuHuflMu Mecma pacnonoxeHug cmeH e HanpaeneHuuKapKaca.Ha nepezopodKax omMeqanmcq Mecma pacnonoKeHuq npoeMoe.

78

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Codepxanue

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Onucanue

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Onucanue

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Koneqnoe cocmogHue ycraHoBreHbr. Oep[,ibr Codepxanue - noArena 6epru; - KpenreHue KoHbxoBoro npofoHa; - KpenfleHue (pep[4Ha Mecro; - ycraHoBKa ynopoBnpor4Bnpo4onsrorouoru6a. H eodxodu ntate uHcm pyMeH m bt Mor]oroK, faiKoBepr,HIBenup,necrHhqaMonorod nHee[aaru,]ecKufi crpeMqHKa(rosnsr,no4reuHoe ycrpoicrBo).

Onucanue He6onburoiKpaH. ,!nn no4avn QepnrHaBepxoOu,{Ho14cnoflb3yercg KToMyr\4oMeHTy, KorAanocraBultlK 3axas$epu xopor.llonpvypoq|/|Tb (pep[rbrnpgftroHaKapKacbr creH. cMoxer noAHFTb geyun cnoco6anar. VcraHoexa+epM Moxer npo[3BoAr4Tbcfl pa3Mepa(KoropbreMoxHonoAqrb epyvHyro) QepMbrHopNranbHoro MoxHoycraHaBnuBarbraK xe, rax lt 6anxlt. B oroM cryvae qacr[ nocnet]erooHI yKnaAbrBaorcfl SepM noAHt[4aorc9HaBepxBcBq3Ke, cren. OepusryKnaAbrBaprcF TaK,.rro6br na pe6ponoBepxKapKaca eepxHr'rrl nonc cnepyoqetZ SepMbronuparca Ha HtaxHhfnosc ynopbrHeAaEyr creHI BpeMeHHbre npeAsrAyulefi QepMbr.KapKacbr ycraHaBrhBaercg nepeBepHyrbcq. HuxHui norc *epMbr SepMaM Ha npeAHa3HaqeHHoe Ha BepxHe[ AI]9 HeToNtecTono oTMeTKe nonepeqHoficBg3t/creHbr.Ha Mecro craBsrcs raKxe noAKocbt.Ha yKnaAbrBaTb Ha BepxHue 8 0 6 nl4H|/lr4 cTeHux r\4oxHo Ao 3aKpenneHrg ltx npu6taBaor K +epMa[4cpa3y. nonepeqHbre cBr3u.Ha KoHbKe KpenneHre npousBoAl4Tcr B coorBercrB1414 c KoHcrpyKTopcKrlrvrl qeprexaMu.OHo HaqrHaercnc roro KoHqa(Beepa QepMD,rpe Ha HeToHaxo,qsrSepusr Qporrora. CHa.ranaKpengTccQepMbl N4arcTcfl A cra3ArcA Beprr KanbHo. $polroua, KoropbtenoAHl4 nocfle oror-oSepN4brnoAHl4N4aorcr 14KpenflTcrno nopsAKyoAHa pacnonaraer+epMbl sa gpyroi. KoHrroes|linporoHaBToMarhqecK|/| Ha npaBhnbHoMpaccroFHl4r4 or Apyr Apyra. flpurpenneHHuex nonepel{HbrM cBq3suMerarlr4qecKueyronru o6nervamrycraHoBKy, HuxHeMyno;cy. K BHeLUHfi creHe noAxocbl He AaBagcKorb3t4Tb K Kpensrcsrao{e, KaKI K KoHbKy. floAKocbrcryxar ocHoBaHueM, KoropoMynpu614BaorcF Berposau.{4THbre nnrrbr. Pe6pa xecrKocfl, ycraHaBJlrBaoTcF no NilepeycTaHosK[QepM. |.| ycraHaBn!4Baorno-oAr4HoqKe. Sorbul4e QepMbrnoAH|,|Mator y n o p b r n p o r , r Bn e p e B o p o r au n p o q u e K p e n e x H b r sen e M e H T b l ycraHaBnuBaorcn no MepeMoHTaxaSepv. 9acru u3 Hl4xMoxHo np[Kpenurbx Seprvrarvr eu]e Ao noAbeMa,sTo yueusLrut o6teu 80e pa6orsr xaeepxy.

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93


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3.3 KapxacurcBecoB BepxHeronepexpbrrnf,

peurervaroi $opnur

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Haqantuoe cocmouHue QepMbrycraHoBneHbr.

-

Koneqxoe cocmosHue

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Kaoxacsr cBecoB BbtnonHeHbt.MoxHo HaquHarb MoHTax HrxHt'lx nnhT noKDbtTt4fl.

Codepxanue

-

- c6opxaKapKaca cBecoB.

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Heo6xoduuue uHcmpyMeHmbl nnfla,Monorotd nhual q[pKynbHae MepHaqpynerKa,yronbH,rK,

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Onucanue H x x H x f c B e c o 6 p a s y e r c r B b r c r y n a M hH t 4 x H u xn o f , c o BQ e p M h n p x K p e n n e H H b rKx H 1 4 M x o H c r p y x q u t i ,c n p o e K T u p o B a H H b t x BepxHrxnoncoB+epM coeAuHFtorcs KoHLlbr BbrcrynoB apxxreKropoM. oAHt4xrorbKo Hl4xHt4x 6pycKa[4r,t, noroMy .]To nptaucnonb3oBaHltu nnnr noKpbrl4r(<<orxpsrrsticaec>r)ceec Moxer nporHyrbce. KapKaccBecaSposroHa uoxet 6utrb BbtnofiHeH AByMqpa3Hbllvl14 cnoco6aMu.Koporxneceecu (MeHee400 MM)MoxHonoFAepxuBarb BbrcrynaMhHhxHuxnJrur noKpbrl49.B 3ToMcfly,{ae KapKaccBeca crol4Tnpou3BoArtrb MoxHoKpennrbKpeLuerKe +poHToHa.KpenfleH|/|e B u ycraHoBJteHbt, 6ygyr nogunru roro, KaK Ao $epusr $pourora oroM cnyqaeAflc ycrpolicrBa SpoHroHHorocBecaHe norpe6yrcrcr cneurarbHbtefleca. ceecoa (cestule400 MM) HyxHa finr gnnrrsrx QpoHroHHbrx croeK,ycraHaBnIBaeMbtx npo,lHatonopa.OHaco3Aaercflc noMotl.lbto napanflenbHoKoHbKy14KoropbrenpoAorxaoTcF or cBeca Ao cneAyroqei Sepn,tu.Vnopu npr6reaorct rBo3AqMIHaKoconoBepx no9cycreAyloqefr BepxHeronoecaSpourorrotl $epuur KBepxHeMy (DeoMbr.

i -

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826 caeca. Puc- 81 KapKacHDKHeeo dnuHoi MeHee Puc.82a KapKaccBeca@poHmoHa 400 MMPuc.82 6 KapKacceecahpoHmoHadnuHoi 6onee 400 MM. B 3moM cnyLraehpoHmoHHaqQepMa pacnonoxeHa Huxe dpyzux QepM.

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V t H A r l B r 4 A y a r b Hisi rg o M ( n I A T O o P M A ) )

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3.4 llqgrcrroBKa K ycraHoere 6anox BepxHero nepeKpbrTl,r9 Haqantnoe cocmoqnue CoSpanu n ycraHoBneHbr KapKacHcreH. Koue,tuoe cocmosnue ypenfleHbrHacBohx[aecrax.KoHuxoea.f, Grexu eurpaaHeHur 14 6anxac ee ynopaMnycrzlHoBneHa. MecraAng6anoKpa3Ms{eHbt, npqABaphrerbHo npuKpenneHbt, ecnl4 HyxHo, Meraflfl,rqecKuecoegnHeHur.Moxuo no4Hnuals6anru n ycraHaBnlBarbux HaMecro.

Codepxaaue - npoBepKa

npFMl,t3Hbt cTeH,

BbrpaBHuBaHhe l4x npn

Heo6xoauuocru; - ycraHoBKaKoHbKoBoioaflKr,ru ynopoBK Heri; - pa3MerraMecrAnr ycraHoBKu 6anox,KpenneHue MeranflnqecKhx coeAnHeHriK BepxHerlnonepe.ruorlcensu ,r x xoHsxoaofi6anxe' - t,t3roroBreHre6anor aepxrero nepeKpbtl4s. H eo6xod u u ue u Hc m py MeHm E MepHagpynerKa,yronbHflK,nunal qupxynsraq nrra, MofloroK, rafKoBepr,cxo6xu,Hox, necrHrqa-crpeMqHKa.

Onucanue qTo6ur pa6orucocro'lT Cuurcn no4rgroeurenutoi BToM, o6ner.tnrs t4 ycKopl4Tbonepaltu14no ycraHoBKe6anor, onepaquu, Koropbte np xoAl4TcflBbrnoriHf,Tb B oofiee cnoxHbrxycnoBrrx, qeM B Apyrux MecraxKapKaca,HaBepxycreHoBoroKapKaca Harecax. Sbtcrpag ycraHoBKa6anor ycxopnerraoKe yKpbrrue3AaHnsor HenoroAbt. B n a q a n e n p o B e p s e r c s n p q M n 3 H ac r e H o B o r o K a p K a c a npaBnnbHocrbMecra ero ycraHoBKx.flpu aeo6xo4uuocn4Kpr4Bbte ycTpaHgDTcrc noMou-lbto cTeHblBbrpaBHuBa|oTcF, BbtnyKnocTt4 pacKocoB(cM.TaoKepasAen(npoBepKacreHoBoroxapxaca>). KoHbKoBac 6anxa n ee ynopbtycraHaBnhBaprcg14Kpencrcg qeprexaMn. Ecnl4HyxHbl B coorBercrBr4r4 c KoHcrpyffiopcKt4Mr4 craflbHbreKpenneH[FAnq 6anxr, ro ux nyque np[6hrb eqe Ao ee Puc. 83 a u 6. OdHoepeMeHHoeHapesaHue6anoK HyxHoeopa3Mepa. noAleMa HaBepx. Ha nonepeqHbrxcBcgqx creH Aenaorcq orMerKn Anq Mecr ycraroexn 6anor. O,qHoBpenrerro x uun,luoxuo np16utu 6ano,{HHe 6auvaru u ymoBue MerarruqecKne KpenfleHufl4na 6anox. Ecnu 6arK[ AonorHurenbHoychnrBaorca 6anKaMunoBepxKapKacoB creH, To oHl4Toxe KpenFTcr Ha oroM erane. floBepx KapKacoB neperopoAoKc noMou.lbto cro6ox xpenrrcn nonocu napoaauqnrxoi u3on9.qvlt[ u.rr,rpnHoi He MeHee600 MM. 6anxu voxHo l43roroBngTbt43qerbHoro AepeBa, u3 KfleeHoro AepeBaI h3 SaHepbt.6anxn us qenbHoroAepeBanpuxoAl4rce o6sr.fHocnna,ihgarb h3 HecKonbKux 6pycsee. 6anRAn3 KfleeHoro AepeBa u h3 QaHepbtobbtrlHonocraBnrETcFyxe roroBbtMt4 AJtfl ycraHoBKl4. Ecnu pnuaa 6anox 6onsule HyxHoro pa3Mepa,hx ornhnrBaor Ao HyxHof AnxHbtrr OopMbt. O6srvno6anxunp xoAl4TctcraunBarb B coorBercrBtt4c yKnoHoM Kpbrru14. B oroM cjryqaeecrb cMbtcnl43roroBt4Tb cHaqana6anovuyro napyu nocMorperb,KaKoHanoAxqArr.flocne groroocranbHbte6anKx MoxHoh3roraBflrBarb,hcnonb3yFnepBynnapyB KaqecrBeuaonoHa. EariKl4 MoxHoraoKecKnaAbtBarb Bnyqor n o6pesaruoguoBpeMeHHo, B p$ynbrare qerc nx pa3uepbt6ygyr ogutaxosuttr,ttr. flo ycraHoeru 6anox x sun,lKpengTctcroiKt4 cBecoB,ecfln oHr Puc. 84 KOHCTpyKTT4BHO BO3MOXHbT.

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Koueqnoe cocmof,Hue Eanxuaaxpennerur. Codepxanue - noAbeM6anoKHanpeAHa3HaqeHHbte AngHl4xMecra; - KpenneHe 6anoK. H eo6xod u n ue u Hcmpy MeHm bt rariKoBepr, flecrHhqa-crpeMsHKa MonorodnHeBMarn.{ecKhrI MonoroK, ycrpoficrBo). (Ko3rbr, noAbeMHoe 85a

Onucanue pa3MeqeHHbte SanKu noAHrMaorcqHa npeABaprenbHo npu6rrut npeAHa3HaqeHHbre4nn rnxvecra.Ecnu6ano.{xute6auMaxu 3apaHee, oroo6flervaerycraroary6anox.He6onuune6arru uoxHo noAHr,rMarb BpyrrHyro, AflF 6onbu!4xHyxeHnoAbeMHhK. l4nn rBo3AqMt4 B coorBercrBl4t4 c 6anKn KpenqrcflB,4HTaMu qeprexaMr4f'lptaycraHoBoKe6anox Hyxro KoHcrpyKropcKr4Mr4 cneArrb sa rerr, qro6sr KoHbKoBan 6anra ue nporHynacbnoA Tcxecrbro ocraflbHbrx6anoK, nooroMy ee HyxHo KaKcneAyer yKpenurbrnu ycraHaBflnBaru6anru c AByx cropoH KoHbKoBoi 6anrr no oqepeA . no Mepe MoHTaxa6afloK ycraHaBnrBaorcq Tao(e cbeMHbre6anrn AumoxoAoB,(aHanoBn ApyrnxorBepcrurz B BepxHeMnepeKpbrTr414.

856

Puc. 85 a u 6 KoHbKoaas 6anKa ycmaHoeneHa u omMeqeHHMecma dnn 6anoK. nodbeM u ycmaHoeKa6anoK. P u c . 8 5 e B z p e 6 H e 6 a n o q H o e oa e p x H e e o nepeKpu m uF dns ynw raeHus eeHm unupyeMocmu Kpbrwu u odneeqeuus pa5omu no ycmaHoeKe usoneuuu dnq cnoe usonquuu denaemcs poaHai yqacmoK. Puc.85 z EanKu, ycmaHoeneHHbrenoeepx KoHbKoeoi6anKu. Kpennenue 6anox x KoHbKoeofi 6anKe c noMoulbp 6anoqHbx 6awMaKoe.

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3.6 Kapracur cBecoB BepxHeronepeKpbrrr4e

6aro.{xoi $opuur Ha,taitnoe cocmogHue 6anKh3aKpenneHbr. KoHeqHoe cocmogHue KaoKacbtcBecoBroroBbr.

Codepxanue - ycraHoBKa (npuueo6xo4uuocrr) eerpoeaulurHbrx nnur; - (penneHueqacret KapKaca cBecoBKcrotKaMr Kpbrrrr4. Heo6xoduuue uHcmpyMeHmbt MonorodnHee[,raruvecxniuonorox, nnna/nonepevHanqIpKynbHat (Ko3nbr,noAbeMHoeycrpoicrBo). nl4na,necrH|,lqa-crpeMnHKa OnucaHue Berrunnpyevoe npocrpaHcrBoBepxHeronepeKpbrl4gAonxso 6sru HeMeHee100 MM.CroiKl4noerouy au6upanrca cooraercrayloqeri Bbrcorbt.ynopbl AnF cBecoBno orHoueHr|o K croiKaM KpbtLUt4 MoryTpa3MeqarbceAByMepa3HbrMl/l cnoco6aMu.nepBb[i cnocob - oro KpenneHue ynopoBcBecoBnoBepx6anoK.B oroM cnyeae B npoMexyroKMeXAyoanKoi u ynopoM cBeca ycraHaBnuBaerct Berpo3aulurHasasona\tt+. Vnopsrrpennrcn x 6anxau c noMorlbro 6anoqHsrx6auMaxoe, Koropbrenpu6neaorcr x 6anxaM cxeosu Berpo3aqrrHbreu3oflrqhoHHbre nnuru. flperuyLrlecrBoM TaKoTo MeTOAa FBngeTCf, TO,qTOKpbtuah CBeCOTqeT.nrBO npeACTaBntOT co6oi Aee pa3HbreKoHcrpyrqnu.He,4ocrarxoM9Br9erc9 To, ,.rro 3AaHue nonyqaer 3aql4Ty or HenoroAbrno3xe, noroMy qTo ycTaHoBKa HuxHux nn|/|TAng KpoB.nn npeAnonaraeTTafie ycraHoBKyBerpo3aqurHbrxnnur.B npoMexyrxax ftrex(Ey6anxavn uBbr MexAy BeTpGaquTHbvlr4nruTaMr yKpen.ngoTcg cTa.nbHbrMr4 COeIIIHeHIfl l\,114. Bropofi cnoco6 cocrohr B ToM, qro ynopH cBeca KpengTcg K 6anKaM c6oKy.9Tor cnocoo B oco6eHHocrn nprroAeH B roM cnyqae, KorAa Bbrcora 6anxu 6onsue, veu sro xeo6xopr,rMoc roqK[ 3peHhr TOnUt.uhHbl v3on9unw.

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866

Puc. 86 a u 6 npuHUung pacnonoxeHu, ynopoe dnF ceecoa a - Bempo3aulumHbte nnumH pacnonoxeHbt no omHoweHun K 6anKaM nepeneHduKynnpHou ynopbr ceeca npuKpenneHb!K 6anKaMceepxy. 6 - ynopbt ceeca npuKpenneHHK 6anKaM c6oKy. Ecnu nonocbr eemposau|umHoi usonzquu (monuluua 12 MM) ycmaHaenrJeapmcF e npoMexymKax Mexdy 6anKaMu e moM )Ke HanpaefieHuu, umo u 6anxu, mo HyxHo ucnonb3oeamb npoMexymotlHbE onopH. 3mo npedomepamumnpoeudaHueaempo3auJ,umHb nnum e npoqecce ycmaHoeKuu3onflquu.

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97


lr 3.7 YcraxoeKanrur noA noKpbtrueKpoBnyr (peurervaraq u 6anoqxaf, KoHcrpyKqrf, BepxHeronepexpurrua) Hasantnoe cocmof,Hue ycraHoBfleHbt KapKacbt cBecoB. SepMbttanx6anxu.Bsrnonserbr Kone,#oe cocmos,tue YctaHoereHgt Ht4xHtae nnrrbt noAnoKpbtrue KpbrLxrr. Codepxauue - KpenreHe crpaxoBorlHbtx pevrei. ecnnoroeu.leHecAelaHo:

HanpaeneHueeepxHeeocnog baHepbl

P u c . 8 7 H a e a n oo 6 w u a K uu HanpaeneHue eHewHezo cnoq QaHepbt

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Heo6xod u u ue u Hcm pyMeH m bt l\4epnanpynerxa,KapaHAau,MororordnHeeNlar,recxrri vonorox, eepesxa4nr o16uBaHVA nvnal qupxyruHannuna,necrH14Llant4Htth, cTpeNr9HKa.

Onucanue

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- pa3MerKa uara o6peuerxu; - o6peuerxa; - y6opxa.

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BepxxeenepexpbrrreBII 3 npr nauoxsoi HapyxHol4 KpoBne 1. HapyxHoe noKpbrrue Kpbrurrdc ero HuxenexarqrMl KOHCTpyKr.I4s M14. 2. UlnyHroBaHHaF xBoiHafi +aHepa 15 MM. 3. O6peLrerra 48 x 97 n,tu(aeprunrpyeMoenpocrpaHcrBo). 4. Berposaqrruan nnnra 25 MM/Tennox3onFqxF25 MM. 5. Tennonsonrqng250 MMr{ Hecyulre6anxueepxHeroneperebrr}rs, paSMepH- B saBncuMocl4oT KoHKpeTHOTO Cnyqa9. 6. napo- 14BosAyx@aqurHafla3onaqna. eneKrpuqecKr4x 7. flepeKpecrHaso6peuerKa(Mecro,qfle npoKnaAKn

rpv6). 8. Eocxu unn crpo[TenbHbrennurbr BHyrpeHHeio6uxBKl4. qq14u yAoBnerBoprerrpe6oBaHnqMren'ro143ofl KoHcrpyKqr4s k= 0,22WlM2k

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Hecyqan HapyxHarcreHaHC 1 r4xronu{nHaHeMeHee 1. Happrurano6Luuexa(npno6urare AocKaMu 21 MM). 2. BeHTunrqhoHHaF npop$b. 3. Berpo3aq[THasnnara,25 MM.,noroAoycrotiqueasnop crag nrnTa. ApeBecHoBonoKHt4cTag 4. Tennonsonrqne147 MM u Hecyu.[4iKapKaccreHbr48 x 147 MM., uar MaKcuMyM600 MM, noAnexnr yroqHeHuo B KaXAoM KOHKpeTHOM Cflyqae. 5. napo- 14Bo3Ayxo3au{hra. 6. XBoriHarQaHepaI ruru(npu reo6xoAuruocrn). 7 . Aoct<vunu crpohrenbHbrennurbr BHyrpeHHefo6ulrBKr4. yAoBnerBopgerrpeboBaHnqMTennon3ongqnn KoHcrpyKqt4g k = O,22WlM2k.

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1. HappxHano6Lrraxa(nprao6LurexeAocKaMh taxronu{t,tHa HeMeHee 21 MM). 2. BeHrrnnquoxuaenpope3b. 3. BerposaulrrHaqnnara, 25 MM.,noroAoycroi.thBarnopxcras nnhTa. ApeBecHoBonoxHt4cTa9 4. Tennorsonrqnn147 r,r,ta I Hecyqxi KapKac creHbr48 x 147 rvrrvr., uJar[4aKcuMyM k 300 MM. 6. XaoiHaqSaHepa9 uu (npr ueo6xo4uruocrr). 7. Oco6onporrHaq runcoKaproHHac nnxra 13 MM. 8. Fugporsonrqun, KoropaecoeArHrercn c rhApol43onf,qt,teli nona, a ra${e c napo- 14Bo3Ayxo3aulurHoli n3onqquei noronKa. 9. Kepa[4nqecKaq nflurKa+ pacrBopAne KpenneHuq. Korcrpyxqrn yAoBnerBopqerrpe6oBaHr4qM Tenflot43onqquI k = 0,28 Wtu' k-

Hecyqan MexKBaprrpHaf,creHa MC 1 1. CTpo[l4TenbHaq nnu'ta ann BHyrpeHHrso6uuera gocxaur. 2. Xeoiaaa +aHepa g MM(npx Heo6xoAhMocru). 3. Asonaqun 97 uv n uecyr4r,rriKapKaccreHbt 48 x 97 ruu, Llar M a K c l 4 M y kM 6 0 0 M M . , y r o q H q e r c eB K a x A o MK o H K p e r H o M cayqae. 4. B@AyLlHb[inpouexyrox 20 MM,npepbtBaercgnooraxHo. 3. V1:onnqnl97 nu u Hecyuluf KapxaccreHbt48 x 97 urvr,uar yTogHFeTCr B KaX(AOM KOHKpeTHOM Cnyvae. 2. XeohHaASaHepa 9 uu (npr ueo6xognuocru). '1. Crporrensrar nnvra utnvBHyrpeHHqq o6urexa gocxauu. Pac.rerHan3ByKoh3onupyloU.lafl cnocooHocrbor HapyxHbtxruyMoB R' w 55 dB. O6uqso no o6e cropoHurcreHbtAnn npuAaHAAAononHhrenbHoi xqqr(q Tr4ysra8aEn4Baprga-cTBa!4TcIb!.1bte nIlTbl, KoucrpyxrlunyposnerBopqerrpe6oBaxnsn,t noxapuorZ6e3onacHocr14 REI 30 / El 30 ,{acrnE1 OuHcKr4x crootarenbHbrx HoDM.

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Henecyulanneperopo4raIl 3 oot|lhBKaAocKaMH. 1. CTpourenbHagnnara vnv BHyrpeHHee 2. Vlsonatlua97 un,t n Hecyulri KapKaccreHbr48 x 97 uv, Llar N 4 a K c l 4 M ky M6 0 0 M M . ,y r o q H s e r c t B K a x A o MK o H K p e r H o M cnvqae.

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Henecyqan neperopo4Kan 4 Merqy cyxl4M r BnaxHblMnoMeu{eHueM '1 06uJxBKa . CrporrenuHan nnvra vnt BHyrpeHHgg ,qocKaMt,t. 2.llsonAque 97 ruu n uecyqni KapKaccreHbt48 x 97 uu, Llar MaKcxMyM k 300 ruu. 3. XBolZHae SaHepa 9 MM(npu Heo6xoAl4Mocrh) 4. Oco6o npoqHasr[ncoKaproHHannnura 13 N4M. nona, 5. Fr,r4ponaonnqtn, KoropancoeAnHrerct c ruApou3onrqtae14 a raoKe c napo- x Bo3Ayxo3auqrruoix3ontq[ef nororKa. nflurKa + pacrBopAnq KpenneH!4fl 6. KepaMxqecKaq

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Справочник Индивидуальный дом "Платформа"