PORTFOLIO LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE LYU YAN
EDUCATION • College of Mordern Science and Tecnology, 2014 - 2018 Hebei Agricultural University Major: Landscape Architecture
SOFTWARE PROFICIENCY • • • • •
Rhinoceros Illustrator Photoshop Indesign Autocad
• • • •
Sketchup V-ray Premiere Microsoft Office
LANGUAGES Chinese (Monther Language) English (Secondary Language)
AWARDS • • • •
2014 2015 2016 2017
2015 2016 2017 2018
School First-class Scholarship School Second-class Scholarship School Individual Scholarship Outstanding Graduates
WORKSHOP Feburary 2017 PSONE Winter Workshop Urban Design in Chengdu China. Spatial Angency analysis and studies in Chengdu China.Through public participation in research methods and design means, stimulate users to change the city spontaneously.
LYU YAN 21st Feburary 1996 Baoding, Hebei, China email@example.com +86 - 15832282206
TABLE OF CONTENTS
01 PUZZLE GARDEN Reconstruction Design of Campus Square Individual Project P1-12 Baoding, Hebei, China
02 CITY PARLOR Re Planning of City Street Individual Project P13-24 Baoding, Hebei, China
03 LIVING RIVER Ecological Restoration of ST. Charles River Teamwork Project P25-36 Quebec, Canada
04 NEGATIVE OR POSITIVE Rethinking Slum Problem and Urban Survey Guided Urban Design Teamwork Project P37-42 Chengdu, China
05 OTHER WORKS Hand Drawings, Photography, Origami Installation P43-44
PUZZLE GARDEN Reconstruction Design of Campus Square
Individual Project Location: Baoding, Hebei,China Area: 1 hectare
This is a transformation design of the campus square. It is hoped that my redesign can transform it into a more dynamic one that attracts students to step out of the classroom and get closer to each other with the medium of landscape.
Hebei Route To The Teaching Building Route To The School Entrance
Hebei Agricultural University
Route Leading To The Living Area
SURROUNDING PROGRAM The site is located on the south side of the school, near to the school gate in the east and south. By dividing the school building types, it is found that the site is surrounded by the teaching area and far from the living area. On the west side of the site is the school library. On the east side is directly the school gate, which is an important open school square and a significant place for students to walk through.
Family Building Service Area Students Dormitory Greenhouse Library Teaching Building
Route To The Bus Station Traffic node
Through the analysis of the traffic situation near the site, the students were divided based on the traffic flow and students flow. It is found that the site is an important traffic node for the students to meet in classes and after classes. Through site observation, three important intersections of people flow were detected.
SITE PROBLEM & VISION CURRENT PROBLEM
Crowd Chaos Smooth Traffic I hoped that the traffic problems can be solved during the peak periods of classes by traffic management.
The square has different entrances and exits, but since the main teaching and living areas are located on the northwest of the school, the northwest side of the square will always be congested at the peak of classes. The form of stairs aggravates the traffic hazard all the more.
Huge and Vague Enjoy The Sight It is hoped to increase the landscape and provide a place for rest and relaxation.
The landscape suitability of the site is poor, with a large area of hard pavement. Even the large fountain in the center of the square is closed all the year round. Therefore, for most of the time square is the place for students to walk through, but not to chat, rest or study out of the teaching building.
Cold and Lifeless Attractive Place The site is hoped to become more dynamic so that students are willing to walk out of the classroom and get familiar with each other. The overall school architectural style is relatively serious, short of a relaxing and lively atmosphere.
ANALYTICAL THINKING 1. Site
2. Create a bridge
3. More traffic possibilities
The site is the campus square in itself, with the east side open and the west lifted up to a two-floor platform.
To solve the traffic problem, I choose to hollow out the first floor of atrium and make the second floor into a form of a covered bridge.
Covered bridges create more possibilities for traffic and provide more space.
4. Nature elements
5. Landscape effect
6. Game elements
Add to the site the four elements of garden: topography, landscapes, plants, buildings.
Adding the garden elements enriches the landscape of the site and creates different types of space.
Inspired by childrenâ€™s games, I add Tetris and circuit board gameplay elements into the site.
7. Space form
8. Attractive place
9. Become vibrant
The Tetris forms enclosed space, with circuit board elements to pave the way and to guide the flow of people.
The lifeless square becomes a vibrant space where people in the classroom are attractively invited to step out of the classroom.
The interaction between people makes the square even more dynamic.
LAYERING DIAGRAM Covered Bridge The bridge also takes the form of 45 degree, with some rest elements and landscape on the second floor.
Tetris Elements The Tetris is utilized as landscape elements to generate different spatial forms for functional division.
Circuit Elements Circuit elements are used as a paving form for guiding people flow. At the same time straw brick is laid along the lines to enliven the monotonous pavement.
Grid Form Space is divided based on the 3m * 3m grid, so that space can be more unified.
Base People became lively and cheerful at the invitation of the site
Half of the space is reserved open to the east side of the square, with the form of a tree array square to the west for guiding the flow of people. At the same time some seats are set for students to rest or bask in the sunshine.
There is a relatively enclosed courtyard in the middle, divided spatially and functionally through the shape of Tetris. On bot sides of the courtyard there are quiet rest areas and in the middle of the courtyard there is the meeting and leisure area wit relatively rich functions; mirror pool is placed at the center of courtyard, which is the main landscape. A shop is set up unde the corridor to provide services for students who are taking rests.
Under The Bridge
A glass-enclosed resting space creates a relatively quiet space, where students can read and study and see the outside scenery through the glass. Thus, an interactive space is formed.
Little Theatre There is an interesting sunken plaza in the middle, with steps of different heights to provide different ways of resting and meet the needs for some small assemblies and performances so that the space becomes more dynamic.
The covered bridge on the second floor connects the people in the site, creating more modes of transport for everyone. Upper and lower twofloor space also adds more fun to the site, so that people can have different space and landscape experience on the two floors.
Rest Seat In the form of Tetris, seats of different shapes and sizes are created, where people can take a rest, chat, sleep and bask in the sunshine.
th th er
1st Floor 0
The covered bridge at the second floor provides more walking entrances, to avoid the danger of bustling crowds of people in or out of classes. Students can enter the courtyard at the first floor and then go up to the covered bridge on the second floor into the teaching building. During the recess, students can go down along the stairs nearby and take a rest on the first floor.
The covered bridge is set to divide the flow of people, with traffic function on the second floor and leisure activities function on the courtyard on the first floor.
The hollowed courtyard connects the garage on both sides of the building, making the flow of traffic more fluid.
Circuit pavement plays a guiding and management role on the traffic.
Second layer traffic route Second layer entrance route First layer traffic route First layer entrance route
LITTLE THEATRE An interesting half-sunken space is set in the center of the courtyard. This small space accommodates a number of different activities and needs, such as small shows, class or club activities, taking a rest all alone or with friends, etc. There can be even more possibilities.
VEGETATION DESIGN P
p ra t e n
a g ra n d
num op us
1F Planting Design
i a ja p o n
chy s pro qua
P h y ll os
Op h i o
go n j a
i a ja p o n
p l a n ta g in
te c toru m
a ja p o n
The combination of scenery and space provides people with a more comfortable environment.
l a ta
2F Planting Design
The common plants in Baoding are selected, which can increase the viewing time and reduce the cost in later conservation and management. Tree array square on the east side uses the relatively tall trees, with ornamental trees of strong landscape nature on the west side of courtyard space.
e r ia p a n
p ra t e
DEVICE DESIGN • Device Details & Size Display C e ra s u s
p l a n ta g
Three patios are made on the bridge, with three art installations with light effects placed in the patios. The installations hang down from the second floor to the first floor, shining both up and down at night. The shining light connects the first and second floors, adding some fun flavor to the quiet night.
• Sectional Drawing（Daytime vision ）
i a ja p o n ica
The main body of the installation uses PVC tube of 3 cm thick, as the PVC tube itself is relatively light, highly corrosion-resistant and lowcost as well.
p ra t e n s
i a ja p o n
The waterproof screw small bulbs are installed on both ends of the Pvc tube, which can keep the lightness of the installation and meanwhile avoid security risks in rainy weather.
Sectional Drawing（Night vision ） 12
CITY PARLOR Re Planning of City Street
Individual Project Location: Baoding, Hebei Area: 4 hectare
The project aims to achieve the goal of urban cultural revival by streets redesign, in order to solve the problems of traffic environment arising from urbanization as well as the lack of city appearance caused by the rapid development of cities.
Baoding is a famous city with a history of more than 3,000 years. It is known as “the vital place around Beijing” and “the south gate of the capital”. The city was built in the warring states period, has experienced vicissitude and changes during thousands of years with sound foundation. Having developed so far, the city has presented different landscapes and cultural characteristics of times in each period.
BACKGROUND History of Baoding
tion olu Revlture Cu lture
nt Cu n der
ts Cu Spor
ynasty Qing D ulture C
SITE ANALYSIS Location China Hebei
SITE Yuhua Road
Old City Of Baoding
Residential Area Business Area
Ancient Lotus Pond Investigations and studies of the streets have found that the site is surrounded by businesses and residential areas, and three historic buildings have been discovered on both sides of street. By observing and classifying peopleâ€™s activities around the site, we summarized five kinds of activities.
Arterial Road Secondary Road
Places of Interest
Zhili Govern-generalâ€™s Office
Activities Surrounding Site
Through the analysis of the crowd around the site, it is found that Yuhua Road, as a main commercial street, has far more pedestrian volume than other streets nearby. Through traffic analysis, it was found that the street is a thoroughfare, and the daily traffic flow is also very large.
STREET DEVELOPMENT It was found that vehicle flow and pedestrian flow have increased dramatically in recent years with the cityâ€™s development; and the traffic pressure is becoming more and more serious.
As the political center, the political status of Yuhua Road is also gradually decreasing. At the same time, as the commercialization of the streets becomes increasingly severe, the cultural atmosphere of the site is becoming weaker and weaker.
We investigated the construction type in the vicinity of Yuhua Road and historical changes of the street.
As the cityâ€™s main road and street, Yuhua Road failed to flow from vehicle flow well.
d the commercial o separate people .
Loss of Urban Culture
Obscured Ancient Buildings
The bicycles are chaotic on the street; the petty dealers set tables at the street which blocked the sidewalk and made the street in disorder.
In the process of urbanization, many ancient dwellings and buildings were demolished, and the urban culture was gradually forgotten.
Ancient buildings were obscured by modern buildings and parking spaces.
Ground Level Pedestrian Traffic Underground Level Automobile traffic Surrounding Activities Street Central Park Leisure Place
Historic Culture of Baoding History Theme Square
City Historical Sites Reintegration Plaza
Bicycle parking lot
"Boots City" Square
The design integrates the city’s cultural features and the residents’ needs through the form of road central park. People can feel the culture of Baoding in many ways while shopping or traveling.
1' As the main road of the city, Yuhua Road can also play the role of urban living room. Citizens and travellers can get a better understanding of Baoding through the park’s landscape design. Life service area Theme square
The micro-topography of the two or three steps provides a richer range of changes and layers.
The opening tree square can be used as a small bazaar. When there is no bazaar, it can be used as a space for people to rest and chat.
Bicycle parking lot
The lost cultural features of the city are reintegrated and displayed through the theme square. The use of different landscape elements to reflect the urban appearance of Baoding in different periods gives people a better understanding of the culture of the city. In the park, there are some small spaces set for the residentsâ€™ activities, which are divided in the way of landscape, and the messy sidewalks on both sides of the road are cleared. Two parking lots in front of Zhili Govern-generalâ€™s Office and Dacige are cleaned up to transform them into an open square. It provides leisure space for people and can also improve the status of ancient buildings, thus promoting the development of Baodingâ€™s tourism. There are also some opening spaces in the park, with some relatively enclosed spaces that can give people different spatial experience.
Node 3 Small sunken space can satisfy the surrounding people in square dance in the morning and evening.
TRAFFIC ANALYSIS In terms of transportation, the traffic chaos is caused by the combination of a large number of pedestrians and vehicles. So we choose to guide the fast vehicles into the underground to form two-way lanes. The upper part is taken as a pedestrian street, which keeps a two-way lane, for the passage of public transport and bicycles. There are also bike lanes to meet the needs of residents for fitness and cycling.
Underground passage entrance
Underground passage exit
Bike Lane Motor Lane
Ground level traffic system
Underground level traffic system
CULTURAL ELEMENTS The theme square in the park, through the combination of different landscape elements and cultural elements, can also enclose different spaces with different topography, bringing different landscape experiences.
Ginkgo biloba Dendranthema morifolium
The landscape wall is used to show the memory of ancient Baoding. The semi-sunken space can also create a sense of ritual.
Landscape Wall & "Boots City" Culture
Material Extraction & Qing Dynasty Culture
Sculpture & Revolution Culture
The Application of Plants
The culture of Baoding during Ming and Qing Dynasties is presented through the materials of the paving.
Sculptures are used to show some figures during the revolutionary period. The sunken space allows the strip park to enjoy a relatively private area.
Using some plants commonly used in Baoding to surround space, people may feel more comfortable in the city.
MODEL MAKING There is a model to show ground parks and underground traffic
Sidewalk Bike Lane Street Central Park
Pavement Structure Layer
Surface Course Binder Course Bed Course Base Course
Ground level traffic system
Underground level traffic system
LIVING RIVER Ecological Restoration of ST. Charles River
Teamwork Project Role in the Team: ecological design, water strategy design, master planning, diagram making
Location: Quebec, Canada Area: 56 hectare ST Charles River, one of Canada’s major rivers, has now been polluted too severely to provide services for nearby residents. We build up landscapes not only to help establish intimate relationships between the river and residents, but also to deal with the problem of pollution. （Picture credit: P16, credit to Yuxi Tong, P17-18, mapping and master plan was cooperation with Jiamin Li, all the rest is by myself.）
EXCELLENT Station No.5090005 Fecal coliforms: 100/100ml
ST. CHARLES RIVER
SITE CHALLENGE : GOOD Station No.5090003 Fecal coliforms: 200/100ml
Public Service Area Distri
Commercial Area Distribu
PASSABLE Station No.5090016 Fecal coliforms: 300/100ml
a Ch s rle er Riv
Historic Area Distribution BAD Station No.5090017 Fecal coliforms: 1700/100ml
Residence Quebec City Town
Level 3 Level 2
VERY BAD Station No.5090002 Fecal coliforms: 4000/100ml
ce Ri ver
Residence Area Distributi
LAND USE LEVEL
TYPICAL PROFILES Water Conservation Forest
Value Level 4 3 2 1
Service Building Residential Street
4 3 2 1
Urban Agricultural Park
Bike Lane Sidewalk
Value Level 4 3 2 1
Value Level 4 3 2 1
Having analyzed the value of the land around the river, we summarized the classification of the lands in different areas of the river. And we also made up the typical profiles for different types of parks.
Water Purification Park
Sedimentation Basin Flood-Bank
Historic Site Residence
Historic Site Commercial Area
Residence Public Service Area
Commercial Area Public Service Area
Residence Commercial Area
Natural Site All
Plant Purification Flood-Bank
Historic Site Public Service Area
Building a park on the site will be convenient to serve the residents nearby.
Residents have no place nearby to relax themselves, as green spaces are far away.
The site is surrounded by residential areas, and there are many schools and commercial areas nearby.
1790 Industrial development of the river banks
1955 Bank straightening and meander filling.
1965 Channeling and construction of concrete banks
1974 Water decontamination and retention basins construction
1996 Demolition of walls and naturalization of banks
2008 Development of linear park
SITE ISSUE & CONCEPT FLOOD ST Charles River has long been affected by the floods, and the green spaces on both sides of the river are eroded by the floods and become inaccessible for nearby residents.
Original form of the river 10-year flood 20-year flood 50-year flood
After investigation, it is found that ST Charles River is seriously polluted, and the primary pollution source is domestic sewage, and the river does not have selfpurifying capacity.
RIVER & PEOPLE With the purification of the river, people's activities also change.
Widening the river course
(Ten times magnification of terrain)
Aeration Basin Plant Purification
Wetland water purification
PLANT PURIFICATION BASIN
1. ST.Charles River 2. Main Entrance Square 3. Second Entrance 4. Parking Lot 5. Green Maple Green Island
LAYER DIAGRAM MASTER PLAN
8 15 5
9 11 18 17 20 7 10
6. Activities Lawn 7. Fountain Theater 8. Elderly Activity Area 9. Forest Walk 10. Ring Platform
11. Plank Road Shadow 12. Wetland Pavilion 13. Stadium 14. Children's Playground 15. Bird Tower
16. Wetland Museum 17. Reed Shallow Pond 18. Sun Lawn 19. Cafe 20. Underwater Plaza
WATER PURIFICATION The water is becoming cleaner, and people are more likely to have fun in the water. There is more interaction between the water and human beings.
• Sedimentation Basin
Most of the suspended solids and soluble organic matter in the effluent can be removed through rough purification of sedimentation basin. FOUNTAIN
• Aeration Basin
Section 2 To get prepared for plant purification, the dissolved oxygen content in the water is increased through aeration oxygenation. Meanwhile, the small fountain becomes a scenic spot of park.
• Plant Purification Basin
BOD COD N P OUT!
Section 3 Wetland system is constructed in this area. Water will slow down and be further purified by the wetland plants here, and it’s also a favorite landscape for visitors.
• Pure Water
GOOD WATER QUALITY !
Section 4 After plant purification, water quality reaches standard A. This site becomes lively with so many visitors having fun in the water.
VEGETATION DESIGN Trees Plants Quantity Section1 Section2 Section3 Section4
Shrubs Plants Quantity Section1 Section2 Section3 Section4
Perennials Plants Quantity Section1 Section2 Section3 Section4
ROAD ANALYSIS 1.5m 3m
Abundant aquatic birds and wetland plants help purify the river, and people feel so delighted physically and spiritually when walking among them.
People relax here, chatting.
Children are having a great fun after the purified water is brought into the site.
NEGATIVE OR POSITIVE Rethinking Slum Problem and Urban Survey Guided Urban Design
Teamwork Project Role in the Team: Team leader, prototype design, furniture making, diagram making.
Location: Chengdu, China Area: 2 hectare As the process of urbanization continues to accelerate, â€œurban villageâ€? has become an alternative and universal existence in urban development. In spite of the certain problems, it has been endowed with the spatial self-organizing force of internal order. Such a top-down force is exactly what our group hopes to explore and study. We hope our process of survey and design will involve many citizens to inspire them to complete further Spatial Agency and take the initiative to change their living environment, lifestyle, and attitude towards life.
SITE ANALYSIS SITE VISIT
Tianfu Square Chunxi Road
SITE WE CHOOSE Alley environment is better, conducive to the flow of people gathered and device layout.
SITE Yulin, Chengdu, China
Fewer households in the alley, little impact on the original tenants.
SITE DEVELOPMENT Citizen
Government 1980 Residential building completed Original Residents
2001 Construction of public facilities
2004 Demolition started. Tenants
2006 Large-scale demolition Commercial Tenants
2017 Overall demolition Mobile Personnel
SPATIAL AGENCY 39
• Material size & amount
Step 1 Cutting
• Block installation steps
Step 2 Sanding
A. Most primary blocks and most maximized possibility B. Time-saving simple craft, using only wood of all kinds of dimensions
• Wooden garden restrictions: A. Pinewood blocks & nails B. Limited work time: one day • Combination & Rotation
Step 3 Composing
C. Combinations as many as possible
Step 4 Resanding
EXPERIMENT We transported the eight furniture we made to the site, And we recorded the reaction and use of the residents for half a day.
Step 1 Making the furniture module at one-to-one scale
Step 2 The eight ready-made furniture modules was delivered to the site and placed at the entrance of the fifth alley.
Step 3 The residents found our furniture modules, moving them quickly to their own places, and even their homes.
Step 4 Under our instructions, residents took the furniture modules out of their home, and scattered them into different alleys.
Step 5 Man in the seventh alley used the device as a table for playing poker. Women in the sixth alley used our device.
RESULT ANALYSIS The experimental results were quite different from what we expected. The experiment was conducted in the streets where various self-organization phenomena have taken place; however, the self-organizing activities we had expected have never occurred. Some residents even moved our furniture directly into their home.
Mistakes in ideal circumstances
Normal Seat Size
The study on self-organization requires longer observation.
The experiment lasted only half a day . What we considered was peopleâ€™s spiritual demands such as chatting and playing cards.
The size of 30cmx30cm used by local people
Mistakes related to the specific site
Material demand > Spiritual demand
REDESIGN Based on our reflection, modifications were made to the device. The size of our module was changed to 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm for local residents. A notice board was set up at the site to make it easier for residents to use the device and to draw more people to the site.
It is hoped that our design can facilitate healthy activities.
Chatting Playing Cards
A slide was installed onto one side of the wall. The furniture was fixed onto the slide, and then the combined transformation could be performed in the form of sliding.
While keeping the furniture from being removed, still the different combinations can meet residentsâ€™ different needs.
• HAND DRAWINGS During my college years, I took painting lessons and got me the ability to control shape and color. It has been very useful to me in the days after the design. And I also got happiness in the process of painting.
OLYMPUS E-M10, f/4.7, 1/60s, ISO-640
Watercolor painting from Western Royal Tombs of the Qing Dynasty
OLYMPUS E-M10, f/10, 1/500s, ISO-200
Baoding, Hebei, China
Pen Drawing in Sophomore year
Plane Formation in Freshman year
M10, f/5.6, 1/160s, ISO-200
â€˘ ORIGAMI INSTALLATION Making Process Using printing paper and paper clips as materials, the twisting and joining of origami bodies are made into devices similar to pavilion.
M10, f/3.7, 1/60s, ISO-200
M10, f/10, 1/400s, ISO-200
Applicant number: 18066463 Programme applied for: （TMAARCLAN01） MA Landscape Architecture