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10

DISCOVERY

Maii

2012


(!)

24

DISCOVERY 3KCTPMM

DISCOVERY

Mai1 2012


EepHHros ITpomm, coet~HHHJO~Hif CesepHhiH Jle}:IOBHThiH OKeaH C THXHM, B CaM OM Y3KOM MeCTe HMeeT IIIHpHHY

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25


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26

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DISCOVERY

Mai1 2012

IIIOpTbl M MaHKY -

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27


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28

DISCOVERY

Mail 2012

1 HIOJIH KaHTephl 30 HIOHH.


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c 29


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32

DISCOVERY

Mai1

2012

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33


@

DISCOVERY TEMA HOM EPA M3o6paJICeHue Cmpaumozo cyoa Ha nopmaJle co6opa 6 Be3Jle (c!JpaHf1UR) RpKo 60nJColl1aem 3my KapmuHy Mupa. B noJCyKpyzJCoM npocmpaHcm6e muMnaHa (ccpeputtecKoe MUp030aHue) npeocma6JCeH co6cm6eHHO Cmpaumbl/1 cyo, a no nepuMempy 3mou KOMn03Uf1UU pacnOJlOJ/CeHbl (moJ/Ce 6 KpyzJlblX MeOaJlbOHax) U3o6paJICeHUJl CeJlbCKOX03JlUCm6eHHblX pa6om. 3m om npupoOHblU f1UKJl, o6paMJlflJOU1UU cpuzypy Xpucma-Cyouu, ooJCJ/CeH MHOZOKpamHo no6mopumbcJl, npeJICoe tteM Hacmynum nocJCeOHee 6peMR U 6 ttacmHOU cyob6e, U 6 J/CU3HU MUpa. Et~11HCTBeHHhiM 3a Bee Cpet~HeBeKOBhe, KTO B03MYTI1JICll B3pa!lleHHOH Ha ,TipO)I()I(aX Xp11CTI1aHCTBa 11,[\eOJIOfl1eH 6eCKOHeqHofO HaCI1JII1ll Ha,[\ ITp11pO,'IOH, 6hiJI CBllTOH <!>paHQHCK AcCH3CKHH . 3ToT xyt~o!llaBhiH qeJIOBeK B KOp11qHeBOM 11CTpeiTaHHOM py611!lle, )1(11BIIII1H B

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CTBeHHh!H 11,[\eaJI ,[\OJI)I(Hhl ITOqi1TaTb B PlltiY CBOI1X

ITOTOMy, qTo 3a Ka)l(,[\b!M ee llBJieHI1eM ,[\Jill rpeqeCKI1X

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34

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@

DISCOVERY TEMA HOM EPA

)l(e C03,1\aJI O,l\Hy H3 caM hi X 3Ha'IHTeJihHhiX rre,l(aromqeCKI1X KOHQelll(I1H. I1ocryJI11py51 HaJII1'II1e Hei13MeHHbiX <<eCTeCTBeHHbiX rrpaB>> 11 <1eCTeCTBeHHOH BJiaCT11>>, OH 11p11 3TOM 11p0110Be,l(OBaJI 11p11MaT 'IYBCTBeHHOfO Ha,l( pa3yMHbiM. B Hai1BHOM BOCX11IQeHI111 HerpaMOTHOCTbiO 11 eCTeCTBeHHOCThJO )1(113HI1 <<,1(11Kapei1>> Pycco Hepe,l(KO rrp11MeH51JI ,1\BOHHhie CTaH,l(apTbl. I1 BCe )l(e 06IQee HarrpaBJieHI1e ero MhiCJII1, yTBep)l(,l(aBirree BKJIJO'IeHI1e tieJIOBeKa B M11p 11p11p0,1\bl, a He 113'b51TI1e 113 Hero, OKa3aJIOCb

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36

DISCOVERY

Mai:J:

2012

• C~~TaiO, ~TO 3a60T~TbC~ 06 3KOflOr~~ AOfllKHbl rocyAapCTBO ~ aAM~H~CTpal!~~ npoMbiWfleHHbiX npeAnp~­ ~T~~. He nepeKnaAbiBa~ 3TO Ha nne~~ npocTbiX rpalKAaH. • AenaiO see, ~TO BMO~x c~nax: OTKa3anc~ OT ~Cfl0flb30BaH~~ nBXynaKOBK~, 3KOH0Mfll0 3fleKTp03Hepr~IO, CAaiO BTOpCblpbe, He fl0flb3Y10Cb aBTOM06~neM ~ T.fl. • np~H~MaiO y~aCT~e B pa3n~~Hbrx 3Konor~­ ~ecK~x ~H~L!~amsax .

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37


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38

DISCOVERY

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40

DISCOVERY

MaH:

2012


KaX nepBOfO ,[IHBH3HOHa HHBeeTH'-\HH B HCITOJih30BaHHe eonHeqHoi1 3HepmH paeryT 6bieTPee Beero. B

2011 ro.ny

OHH yBeJIHqHJIHeb Ha 36% H eoeTaBHJIH 136 MHJIJIHap,[IOB ,[IOJIJiapOB (noqTH eTOJihKO lKe, eKOJihKO el'-\e ,[IBa fO,[Ia Ha3a,[l BKJia,[lbiBaJIH BO Be!O aJihTepHaTHBHYIO 3HepremKy). A TeXHOJIOrHH npoH3BO,[IeTBa .noeTHfJIH TaKOfO ypOBH51, qTO eTOHMOeTh <l_>OTOraJihBaHHqeeKHX Mo.nynei1: 3a ro.n ynana noqm B ,[IBa pa3a, a o6'beM HX npo.nalK Bhipoe Ky.na 6onee qeM B,[IBOe. JIH.nepaMH B pa3BHTHH TeXHOJIOfHH reJIH03HepreTHKH 5IBJI5110Te51 KHTai1 H CIIIA, npHqeM noene,[IHHe HHBeempoBaJIH B Hee B npowe.nrneM ro.ny

56 MHJIJIHap.noB .nonnapoB.

Bee 3TO BJIOlKeHH.H B 6y.nyl'-\ee, Be,[lh eei1:qae B CIIIA ,[IOJI51 eOJIHeqHOH 3HeprHH eoCTaBJI5leT Beero 0,15% OT o6I'-\ero nOTpe6neHH51. OeHOBHOH ynop .nenaeTe.H Ha pa3BHTHe 60JihiiiHX «eOJIHeqHhiX napKOB>>, TaKHX KaK CTp05II'-\HHe.H92,5-MeraBaTTHhiH Hanas Ningxia Yanehi Gaoshawo B KHTae, KOTOpbie eMOfYT nHTaTb 1..\eJihie npe.nnpH5ITH51 HJIH HaeeneHHhie nyHKThi. HeeKOJihKO MeHhiiiee BHHMaHHe y.neJI5leTe51 paenpe,lleJieHHOH eOJIHeqHOH reHepa'-\HH, TO eeTb eOJIHeqHhiM naHeJI5IM Ha Kphirnax 3,[1aHHi1. TyT nH.nepeTBO no BHe.npeHHJO npHHa.nnelKHT eTpaHaM epe,l:IH3eMHOMOpeKOfO 6aeeei1:Ha. EI'-\e B

2006

ro.ny B HcrraHHH BhiiiiJIO pacrrop.HlKeHHe

0 TOM, qTO Bee HOBbie H peKOHeTpyHpyeMhie 3,[1aHH51 ,[IOJilKHhl 6biTh o6opy,l:IOBaHbl eOJIHeqHhiMH 3JieMeHTaMH Ha KpbiiiiaX, qTo6bi o6eeneqHBaTb noTpe6HOeTb B 3HeprHH ,[IJI51 HarpeBa BO,[Ihl. I1 XOT51 3TO perneHHe He nOJIHOeTbiO BOnJIOI'-\aeTe51 B lKH3Hh, yeneXH I1crraHHH no pa3BHTHIO reJIH03HepreTHKH HeeOMHeHHhi: no ,[laHHhlM Ha

2010 fO,[I,

eyMMapHa51 MOI'-\HOeTb eOJIHeqHhiX

TepMaJibHhiX 3JieKTpOeTaH'-\HH B eTpaHe COeTaBHJia

582 MeraBaTTa. feJIH03HepreTHKa eKJia,[lbJBaeTe51 H3 HCI10Jih30BaHH51 npoeTbiX COJIHeqHhiX BO,[IOHarpeBaTeJieH (6aKOB e BO,[IOH Ha Kpbiiiie), eOJIHeqHhiX KOJIJieKTOpOB-KOH1..\eHTpaTOpOB

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@

DISCOVERY TEMA HOM EPA HeT cl>a3bl HarpeBa TeiiJIOHOCMTeJIH, 3HepfMH COJ!Hl\a HarrpHMYIO rrpeo6pa3yeTCH B 3JieKTpM'IeCTBO. Ho OHM ~OpO)!{e M CJIO)!{Hee B

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B KOCMOCe, IIOCKOJ!bKY ~JIH MX ci>YHKl\MOHMpOBaHMH He HY)!{Hbi

~orroJIHMTeJihHhie

pacxo~Hbie MaTepMaJibi, M Herrnoxo ce6H 3apeKOMeH~OBaJIM KaK aBTOHOMHblll MCTO'fHMK 3HepruM He6oJihiiioro o6'heMa.

HM» (60JibUJMe KOJIJieKTOpbl). OHM 6biJIM rrpM~yMaHbl

TEMnEPATYPA B <PO·

COBeTCKMM MH)!{eHepOM HMKOJiaeM JlMHMl.\KMM eme

KYCE 60nbWOIO

B 1930-x ro~ax. BoKpyr 6aumM-rrpMeMHMKa cTpOMTCH

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Ha IIOCTpOeHHOll B KaJIMci>OpHMM CTaHl\MM

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42

DISCOVERY

Mai1 2012


@

DISCOVERY TEMA HOM EPA B CJia6opa3BHTbiX

KaK yCTpoeHhi B3Y? 06ll(a.H cxeMa pa6oThi BhirJI.H-

CTpaHaX. Coopy)l{aTb HX ITOBCeMeCTHO HeT CMbiCJia,

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C reHepaTOpOM, Bbipa60TaHHOe 3JieKTpHqeCTBO rro_na-

3aTpy,nH.HeT HCITOJih30BaHHe

B3Y

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eTC.H qepe3 KOHTpOJIJiep Ha aKKYMYJI.HTOpbl, a HHBepTop

B,npyr He ycTaHOBHTC.H MHOfO,nHeBHbiH IIITHJ!b, IT0-

rrpeo6pa 3yeT TOK B rrpHrO,nHhiH ,nJI.H HCfiOJib30BaHH.H.

3TOMY ,neJiaTh BeTp.HKH e,nHHCTBeHHbiM HCTQqHHKOM

Ha KpyrrHhiX rrpoMhiiiiJieHHhiX BeTp.HKax eCTh ell(e

3HepmH HeJih3.H. 3aTO rrpH y_naqHQM COBrra,neHHH BCeX

H ,nOITOJIHHTeJihHhie CHCTeMhl , MeH.H!Oll(He yrOJI aTa-

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3KOHOMJ1qeCKHX H COl(HaJibHbiX

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KHX-JIH60 pacxo,nOB , HCKJI!Qqa.H 3KcrrJiyaTal(HOHHbie .

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BeTp.HK 180- MeTpOBOfO <<pOCTa >>, Cpa3MaXOM JIOITaCTeH

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44

DISCOVERY

Maif

2012

ra3 Afl51 KOTOporo npOLo13BOALo1TC51

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260 o6opoToB

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JliOA51M C HelKHOfi

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100 'C y K~n~ll.le~

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OT CBeT0,[\110,[\0B

BMeCTO JiaMIT HaKaJII1BaHI151 ,[10 pa3pa60TKI1 3KOHO-

ll.leM B nepYaTKax, ~HaYe nallbUbl 6biCTpO HaT~paiOTC~.

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He TOJihKO Ha

ex eM 11 yCTpoi1cTB, rroTpe6JI51IOI.Q11X MeHhrne 3Hepm11 rrp11 TOM )l{e ITOJie3HOM Bh!XO,[Ie, -

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M06~JlbHWXTe!le<jlOHOB.

45


DISCOVERY TEMA HOMEPA

CbA6P~KA

CAHCAPbl

YMepeTh, qTo6hi B03pO,ll;HThCH, rrpeBpaTHBIIIHCh BO qTQ-HH6y,n:h HOBOe, -

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HCTCKOH cpHJIOCOcpHH B Hallie BpeMH HeO)I<H,ll;aHHO HaiiieJI IIpHMeHeHHe B IIpOMhiiiiJieHHOCTH.

~

r11e6 IlbBOB

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,1\JIJI c6opa Mycopa ,110 c11x ITOP HOCJIT ero rop,11oe 11MJI,

JIBJIJieT He,!IJO)I(I1HHYIO 11306peTaTeJibHOCTb B ,1\eJie

Ia poubelle.

BTOp11'IHOI1: ITepepa60TKI1 ITpe,liMeTOB, OTCJIY)I(I1Bllli1X

He,l\ocTaTO'fHO -

B HaCTOJl!li11H KJIOH,l\aHK. 0CBOeHI1e BTOp11'IHbiX MaTe-

K3)1(,!10f0 Bl1,!\3 Mycopa, 'fT06hi ,!\3Th co6paHHOMY B HI1X

p11aJIOB CefO,l\HJI C'fi1TaeTCJI O,l\HI1M 113 ,1\BYX OCHOBHbiX

BTopyiO )1(113Hh, C3KOHOMI1B Ha py'IHOH copT11pOBKe. l1110HepaMI1 ITO ITepepa60TKe 6biTOBbiX OTXO,l\OB

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3Hepm11. MH)I(eHepbi 11 113o6peTaTeJII1 HaXO,l\JIT Bee

OHI1 3a,l\yMaJII1Cb 06 3TOH ITp06JieMe B 80-e, KOf,l\3

HOBbie TeXHOJIOfl11111 pecypCbi ,1\JIJI BTOp11'IHOH ITepe-

3KOJiomqecKaJI CI1TY3l\11JI B CTpaHe Ha'faJia BHyiiiaTh

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pa60TK11, BI1,!\Jl B He if ITYTb K pa3BI1TI110 C3MbiX pa3HbiX

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oTpacJieif. Ha cpoHe MaJI'fa!llero Ha rop1130HTe ,llecp11-

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DISCOVERY

11x HY)I(HO MHoro, OT,l\eJihHhie ,1\JIJI

11Hrpe,!111eHTOB peQeiTTa Bbi)I(I1BaHI1Jl qeJIOBe'feCTBa -

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46

TeiTepb O,l\Horo MycopHoro 6aKa Ha YJI11Qe y)l(e

CBOH BeK,I1 CTpeMI1TCJI ITpeBpaTI1Tb MycopHyJO CBaJIKY

XIX cToJieTI1JI. B 1884 ro,11y ITpecpeKT

ITOJIBI1JICJI ,l\3)1(e CBOeo6pa3HbiH Bl1,!\ OT,l\biXa.

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Maif

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DISCOVERY TEMA HOM EPA

ITpaBJUIJII1Ch BMeCTe C CeMheM B ITyTeiiieCTBI1e Ha ,1\py-

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OT po,t~HhiX KYJihTyp, HaiTpHMep ypo)l{,t~eH- ·~

n ITepeceJIJIJIHCh B ITpnropo,t~hi,

52

DISCOVERY

r,t~e

Mai1 2012

MO)I{HO

2

Hbie ceHeraJibQhi.

~


YBnEYEHV1E PEIV10HAnbHbiMV1 TPA,[\V1-

3A liEJibiM fOPHOCTAEM

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peruoHa. AHTHMHJIMTapuCTa u aHTMrJio6aJIHCTa Cep-

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pa3Hoo6pa3ue KYJihTyp, a He 3a oxpaHy rpaHMl\ CBO-

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ux KYJihTYPHhiX BoTquH. BITpoqeM, He o6xo,liHTCH 6e3

ITepeyquBaTb JieBWeH. 0,liHaKO M K OC03HaHHIO 3TOfO

1998 ro,11y cppaHl\Y3CKaH ITpecca Myccupo-

l\HBHJIM3al\HH ITpuwJia He cpa3y- a 3HaquT, qeJioBe-

Ka3ycoB . B

DISCOVERY

u ,lla)l(e B 6peTOHCKOH rJiy6uHKe TeiTepb

ITpHMhie ITOTOMKM KeJihTOB, O,liHOfO

6peTOHCKOfO 5!3b!Ka, ITOITYJIHpH3al\Mll KeJibTCKOfO

54

6eJIM3Ha. 0,liHaKO 3TO )l(llBOTHOe MeHHeT 1..\BeTa, KaK

OKa3biBaeTCH He TaKMM y)l( M O,liHOpO,li-

BCe paBHO qTO

BaJia <<rOpHOCTaeBhiH CKaH,llaJI>> , ITpllqllHOH KOTOporo

qecTBY ell\e ITpe,liCTOHT cpuHaJihHoe cpa)l(eHue 3a B03-

CTaJia ITeCHH-MaHucl>ecT 6peTOHCKoro 6ap,11a, CKYJibiT-

MO)I(HOCTh IT03BOJIMTb Ka)l(,liOMY 6biTb CaMMM C060H.

Maii:

2012


@

DISCOVERY TEMA HOM EPA

MUCKA CAJIATA

nPE3VIAEHT CWA

To, e 'leM eTOJIKHyJiaeh <!>paHI.\IUI,- rrpo6JieMa OTHIO,!\h

6APAK 06AMA CTAJl n EPBbiM nPEACTABVI-

He HOBMI. I10X0)101e BOIIpOehi eTO JieT Ha3a,!\ eTOJIJIH

TEJlEM HAL\VIOHAJlb-

rrepe,!l o611-1eeTBOM Coe,!IHHeHHhiX lliTaTOB AMepHKH.

HbiX MEHbWVIHCTB

I1 OTBeT Ha HHX TO)I{e He 6b!JI ITOJiy'leH.

HA3TOM nOCTY

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eo3,!1aHHhiH EoroM BeJIH'Iai1nmi1

ITJiaBHJ!hHh!H KOTeJI, B KOTOpOM errJiaBJIJIJOTeJI Bee HapO.I\hi EBporrhi. .. HeMQhi 11 ¢paHQY3hi, HpJiaH,!\1.\hi H aHfJIH'IaHe , eBpeH H pyeeKHe -

p11KaHeKHM rrpe,I~KaM. ManaJI BeJII1'111Ha KYJihTypHoi1

Bee B ::!TOT THfeJih.

rrporraeTI1 IT03BOJIHJia rrepeKI1HYTh B KOHQe KOHQOB

TaK fOCITO,!\h e03,!\aeT HaQHIO aMepHKaHQeB~,- BOe-

MOeTI1K Me)l{,!ly «BaerraMI1>>, 6eJih!MI1 aHrJioeaKeaMI1,

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11 6hiBlli11M11 pa6aMH -

pa::JJieM 3aHrBHJIJIOM. Ha3BaHHe ,I~paMhi <<IlJiaBHJih-

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Ha ITJiaHTaQHJIX. IlOTepRBllll1e eBJI3h e a<lJp11KaHeKI1M11 KYJihTypaM11, OHH rrpHHHMaJII1 xpHeTHaHeKyJO Bepy 11 K TOMY )l{e 'laCTO pO)I{,!IaJIH ,!leTefl OT 6eJib!X X03JieB -

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56

DISCOVERY

Mai1

2012

He CllUUlKOM mepnuMo aMepuKaHcKoe o6rwcm6o omHocumcfl u Kco6peMeHHbtM 6blXOOl{aM U3 AcppuKu. Oco6eHHO KpUmU'lHO HacmpoeHbl K HUM, KaK HU cmpaHHO, acppoaMepuKaHl{bl. «B&z Hac npooaJLu. /fa6HO, 6 pa6cm6o», - Z060p5lm OHU 6 JLUl{O meM, Kmo npu6&z6aem c ux 3a6&zmoii ucmopu'lecKoii poouHbl.


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57


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AHHa YPMAHL.IEBA

58

DISCOVERY

Kor,11a KOHqaeT c co6oi1: qeJioBeK, ero 6JIH3KHe o6biK-

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<i>H3Ji1KO- MaTeMaTJilqeCKJiiX HayK, CIIei.(HaJIHCT ITO MaTe-

<<6paThHMJil ITO pa3yMy>> - HO, BepOHTHee BCero, 3TOMY

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pHCKaMJil Jil ITpOrH03Y ITOBe,lleHJiiH CJIO)!{Hb!X CJiiCTeM.

ITpHHHTb Hail! pa,liJiiOCJilfHaJI.

Mai1:

2012


B 1960 rot~y npo<t>eccop KanH<t>opHHiicKoro YHI1-

Bnat~I1M11p BepHat~CKI1ii , nonynHpH3aTop KOHQenQI111

Bepc11TeTa B CaHTa- Kpyc <Dp3HK J];oHaJibtl J];peiiK,

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c<t>epbl pa3yMa, B KOTOpoii B3ai1MO):Ieii-

QeJibJO nOI1CK 11Hb!X 0611TaeMbiX pa3yMHbiMI1 cyi.Qe-

o6oJIO'IKe>> eme B 1920-e 3aroBop11JI npo<t>eccop Cop-

CTBaMI1 M11p0B, BbiBeJI <t>opMyny ):IJIH onpe):leJieHI1H

6oHHhi, MaTeMaTHK 3t~yap Jlepya), npet~ynpe)l{):laJI:

'II1CJia Q11BI1JII13aQl1ll B faJiaKTI1Ke, C KOTOpblMI1 y HaC

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OH CITOC06eH MeHHTb 06JI11K 3eMJII1 B MaCIIITa6ax Hl1-

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c 59


DISCOVERY AECSITO"' KA AOMCTOPM"'ECKMMnYWMCTMK EHOJIOfli H3 CiliA OIIHeaJIH 3BepyrnKy, HaM,ljeHHYIO HMH B Jlaoee Ha MeeTHOM pb!HKe, r,11e ee rrpo,l1aBaJIH Ha MHeo. II03)!(e ee y.l1aJioeh 3aeHHTh Ha BH,l1eO B rrpHp0,11e. 3TO 6biJia JiaoeeKaH eKaJibHaH Kpbiea - rpbi3YH H3 IIO,l10T-

"'YAOM M3&E>KABWASI CYnA

pH,l1a ,l1HK06pa30Bb!X (Ha Kpbiey OHa IIOXO)!(a BHernHe, BrrpoqeM,

Iloqnf 90 JieT o6HTaTeJibH11I.W MbHHMhi apaKaHeKaH qeperraxa

KaK H Ha 6eJIKy), IIpHHa,ljJie)!(aJQHM K p0,11y, KOTOpblll eqHTaJieH Bbi-

eqHTaJiaeb BhiMepweH:. Ho «HarnJiaeb >>, KaK 3TO qaeTo 6bmaeT, Ha

MeplllHM 6oJiee 10 MHJIJIHOHOB JieT Ha3a,lj. 0Ka3aJIOeb, ,ljOHeTOpH-

rrpO.l1YKTOBOM pbiHKe . 06Hapy)!(HJIH H ,ljHKYIO IIOIIYJIHQHIO, o6o-

qeeKOe eyiQeeTBO )!(HBeT H 3,11paBeTByeT Ha H3BeeTHHKOBbiX eKaJiaX,

eHOBaBrnyJOeH Ha TeppHTOpHH .. . eJIOHOBhefO IIHTOMHHKa. B HeBOJie

a MeeTHbie )!(HTeJIH QeHHT ero OTHIO,ljb He 3a pe,l1KOeTh, a 3a ... BKyC.

qeperraxa e0,11ep)!(HTeH JierKO, eeT Bee, OT 3eMJIHHHKH ,110 MbilllaT,

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60

DISCOVERY

Mai1 2012

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74

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89


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DISCOVERY KYm1HAPHbiE TPAA11lll111

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90

DISCOVERY

Mai1

2012

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92

DISCOVERY

Maif 2012


Ha 51Mane cocyrn:ecTBYIOT .n;sa pa3HhiX MMpa. IIpmne.n;nme ciO,n;a 50 neT Ha3a.n; reonom, ra30BMKM M He<l>THHMKM pa6oTaiOT Ha MeCTOpO)I(,ll;eHM.HX M CTpO.HT cospeMeHHbie ropo.n;a cpe,n;M cyposo:i1: TYHlJ:pbi. KotieBhie KopeHHbie )I(MTeJIM Kpa:i1:Hero Cesepa rracyT oneHhM cTa,n;a, HOC.HT Tpa,n;MQMOHHYIO O,ll;e)l(,ll;y, IIOKpOH KOTOpOH He MeH.HeTC.H BeKaMM. I1 pa3 B ro,n;, BO BpeM.H rrpa3,ll;HOBaHM.H ,lJ;H.H OJieHeBO,ll;a, 3TH rrapanneJihHhie MMpbi rrepeceKaiOTC.H .n;pyr c .n;pyroM. ~{Q] ~ropb CTOMAX~H 51MaJihCKoi1 TYH.llpe qenoBeK 6e3pa3JIH'IeH

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AOCbE DISCOVERY

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106

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107


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108

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110

DISCOVERY

Mai12012

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00

DISCOVERY PEnOPTAJK

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112

DISCOVERY

MaM:

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00

DISCOVERY PEnOPTAJK CTOJieTI1H TaK Ha3hiBaeMhie dude ranch, aTTpaKl\110H ):(JI.H TeX, KTO XOTeJI O!liYTI1Th MaH.H!lii1H BKyc ,[(11Koro 3aiTa):(a, -

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116

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DISCOVERY

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B yCTpaHeHHH nocJie,[ICTBlfll aBapHH TaH-

l.llflf. 3TOT MeTO,[I oco6eHHO 3cpcpeKTHBeH

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B UOUCKAXAJihTEPHATUBhl Kor,[la MacrnTa6hi KaTacTpocphi BeJIHKH, npHXO,[IHTCJIHCITOJ!h30BaTh BCe ,(IOCTynHh!e crroco6hi oqwcTKH, ,[la)!(e HeTpa,!~HI.IHOHHhie. K npwMepy, HeKOMMepqecKaJI opraHH3a1.1HJI Matter of Trust H3 CaH-<l>paHI.IHCKO nOCJie He,[laBHeH aBapHH B MeKCHKaHCKOM 3aJIHBe CTaJia HHlfi.IHaTOpOM KaMnaHHH nO c6opy ... BOJIOC w rnepcm. Bonochi npeKpacHO BnHThiBa!OT JII06y10 MaCJIJIHHCTYIO )!(lf,(IKOCTh, B TOM qlfcJie HecpTh, qTo n03BOJIJieT HCI10Jih30BaTh HX B KaqecTBe a6cop6eHTOB.

B aKT4UU npuHJlllU y'lacmue oKoJLo 370 mblCJI'l GallOH08 Kpacombl U napUKMaxepCKUX, 8 moM 'IUCJLe OllJl J/CU8omHblX. B nyHKmbt c6opa eJ/CeOHe8HO nocmynaJLo 200 mOHH MamepuaJLa. BOllOHmepbl Ha6U8aJLU 80JlOGaMU U tuepcmb10 KanpOH08ble MelUKU, a noJLy'lu8tuuecJl mwcpRKU pacKJLaObt8aJLu 800llb 6epezo8oii JLUHUU. TaKUM o6pa3oM yoaJLOCb 8 KaKoii-mo cmeneHu 3aw,umumb no6epeJICbe om HecpmRHOZO 3aZp513HeHUJl. qepe3 HeCKOJihKO ,!1Hei1 nocne B3phma Ha Deepwater Horizon yqeHhie 6hiJIH nopa)!(eHhi BHe3anHh!M IfCqe3HOBeHHeM qacTH pa3JIHToi1 HecpTH. MccJie,!loBaTeJiw B3JIJIH npo6b! BO,[Ihl H3 HecpTJIHOfO IIIJiei1:cpa, 06-

136

DISCOVERY

Mail

2012


CAMbiE KPYnHbiE PA3nMBbl HECI>TM B MCTOPMM r.1CTOLiHIIIK HE<I>TIII

MECTO

He<!>THHble MeCTOPOJKAeHIIIH : Kyse~h. nepC~ACK~~ 3ali~B KyaeHTa !

. : j

.

nPr.1LiiiiHA

: rOA j

OSbEM PA311r.1BWErffCSI HE<I>TIII (TbiCSILi TOHH)

! soeHHble Ae~CTB~51, A~Bepc~51

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6ollee 7900

MecTopOJKAeHIIIe IlaHKBbiO-rawep

: CWA, wTaT Kall~¢opH~51

! ow~6K~ np~ 6ypeH~~

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1200

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! MeKc~KaHCK~~ 3ali~B, CWA

! ow~6Ka nepcoHalla, B3PbiB ! ~ noJKap

2010 :

670

: HeKOHTpOll~pyeMbl~ Bbl6poc

1979 :

480

, CTOliKHOBeH~e CYAOB, ; noJKap

1979 :

287

: HeKOHTpOll~pyeMbl~ Bbl6poc ; HeQ>T~, noJKap

1992 :

285

: pa3pbiB HeQ>TenpOBOAa

1994 :

270

: CTOliKHOBeH~e CTaHKepOM,

1983 :

...

260

1991

260

1983 :

252

1978 :

223

1991 1988 :

144 132

; MeKC~KaHCK~~ 3ali~B, MeKC~Ka

TaHKepbl Atlantic : Kap~6cKoe Mope, y no6epelKb51 Empress 111 Aegean Captain ! Tp~H~AaAa-~-To6aro : Y36eK~cTaH

He<t>TenpoBOA XapbHra - YciiiHCK He<!>THHaH nnaT<!>opMa Hoapya

! Pocc~51 , Pecny6li~Ka KoM~, : 6acce~H peK~ Kollsa

i nepC~ACK~~ 3ali~B, l/lpaH

!HeQ>T~, B3pbiB ~ noJKap

! BTPYAHOAOCTynHOM pa~oHe ! BOeHHble Ae~CTB~51 ! noJKap, B3pb1B

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! ATllaHT~4ecK~~ oKeaH, ! 700 M~llb OT no6epeJKb51 AHrollbl

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!y no6epelKb51 IOJKHO~ AQ>p~K~

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: y no6epeJKb51 6peTaH~, <l>paHL(~51 : WTOpM, Cell Ha p~Q>

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: 7 M~llb OT leHy~. 111Tall~51 : B3pbiB ~ noJKap !AlllaHT~4eCK~~ OKeaH, 700 M~llb : WTOpM, B3pbiB ~ nOJKap

TaHKep Odyssey

!noJKap, B3pb1B

.

: OT no6epeJKb51 KaHaAbl

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! ocTposa C~llll~ , Beli~Ko6p~TaH~51 ! ow~6Ka wTypMaHa , cell Ha p~¢ ! OMaHCK~~ 3ali~B :' CTOliKHOBeH~e c APYr~M CYAHOM , : noJKap

1967 : 1972 :

119 115


DISCOVERY B MIIIPE HAYKIII

n Pll1'-1111 HA 111 nOCJl EACTBII1s:l

pa3oBaBweroeJI Ha ,!\He MeKOIKaHeKoro 3amma rroene aBap1111. 0Ka3anoeh, 'ITO

90%

o6Hapy)!(eHHhiX B rrpo6ax M11Kpo -

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5 °C.

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HOBbie 6aKTep1111 B Ka'leCTBe eBOeo6pa3HhiX ,lleTeKTopoB YTe'leK He<t>m. A orrpe,lleJieHI1e <i>epMeHTOB, 11eiTOJ!h3YeMhiX 6aKTep11JIMI1 ,!\Jill rrepepa60TK11 yrJieBO,liOpO,liOB, ITOMO)!(eT eo3,llaTh 6onee 3<l><l>eKmBHhie epe,lleTBa ,l\JIJI 0'111IlleHI1JI BO,llhl. KaK o6hi'IHO, rroene KpyrrHhiX KaTa eTpo<l> Ha'II1HaeTeJI ITOI1eK BI1HOBaThiX, 'ITO B 60Jihiiii1HeTBe eJiyqaeB He ITOMOraeT peiiii1Th rrpo6JieMy. fopa3,ll0 3<l><l>eKTI1BHee -

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11 enerro Bep11Th KoMy-

JII16o 113 HI1X He eTOI1T, Be,llh 11eTI1Ha, KaK 113BeeTHO, r,lle-To rroeepe,lii1He. D


DISCOVERY AC!H1WA BbiCTaBKa

CnABHbiE TPAAHUHH ITapycHI1KI1, 6op03.11HI.Q11e OKeaHCK11e 11pOCTOpbl, 3aBOpa)!(I1BaiOT CBOeif poMaHTI1qecKOM KpaCOTOM 11 B Haiii aTOMHbiM: BeK. B ::!TOM nerKo y6e,l111TbCH, 110CeTI1B BbiCTaBKY <l_>oTorpa<l_>11i1: AneKcaH,l1pa llbBOBa <1K 6eperaM PyccKoM: AMep11KI1», OTKpbiBIIIYIOCH 18 a11peJIH B f10JII1TeXHI1qeCKOM My3ee. BhiCTaBKa, faBaHa- ropo,l16ecrreqHocTI111 BeceJibH. B KI1HOaJibMaHaxe <<faBaHa, H mo6mo Te6H!»,

opraHI130BaHHaH )!(ypHaJIOM

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Discovery 11 PyccKI1M reorpa-

JI111-Ia 0CTpOBa CB060,11bl pacKpbiBaeTCH C pa3Hb!X CTOpOH. HoBeJIJibl CHHTbl 110 paCCKa3aM

<l_>11qecKI1M 06I.QeCTBOM, CTaJia

Ky611HCKoro 1111caTeJIH JleoHap,11o ITa,11yphi, 11epe,11aiOI.QI1M 11CTI1HHbii1: .11yx ropo,11a. Ila,11ypa 11pe,11naraeT HeTI11111qHbii1: B3rJIH.l1 Ha Ky6y 113HYTPI111 HpKo paccKa3biBaeT o caMoomymeHI111 qenoBeKa B ::JToM: o6CTaHOBKe, YHI1KaJibHOM CTI1Jie )!(113HI1 B o6I.QeCTBe, r,11e 11oqT11 Hl1 y KOfO HeT ,l1eHer, r,11e BCe TaHI.\YIOT 11 110IOT (B 6yKBaJibHOM CMbiCJie), a pOM JibeTCH peKOM. JII06011b!THO, qTQ 11,11eH CHHTb KapT11Hy, r,11e faBaHa 11pe,11CTaJia 6hi B o6pa3e, ,l1aJieKOM OT Bl1eqaTJieHI1i1 TYPI1CTOB, 113HaqaJihHO 11CXO,l111Jia OT KOMI1aHI111 Havana Club -

O,l1Horo 113

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C 5 L-1tOn51 . PeJKL-1ccepb1: EieHL-1CL-10 Aenb Topo, Xynl-1o MeAeM, racnap Hoa L-1 APYrL-1e. B pon51x: AaHL-13nb EiptOnb, AJKow XarYepcoH, 3ML-1P Kycrypl-1l.la, AHHa Ae ApMac 11TOfOM TI1XOOKeaHCKOrO 110XO,l1a 11apyCHoro <J.>peraTa <1Ilanna,11a» 113 Bna,l111BocToKa K 11o6epe)!(biO CeBepHoM: AMeHBI1BIIII1MCH B aJih60Me f11repa <<HeKpOHO-

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Ha 3aOKeaHCK11X 3eMJIHX,

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3TO y)!(e YI10MHHYTbiM <<qy)!(OM», He MeHee

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3HaMeHI1Tbie <<611oMexaHOI1,11bi» 11,11pyme

11pOXO,l1Qbl.

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140

DISCOVERY

Mail: 2012

C 16 Ma51 no 15 L-110n51 , MocKOBCKL-111 nnaHerapL-111

C 18 anpen51 no 20 Ma51 , MOCKBa, nonl-1T8XHL-1Y8CKL-111 My3el1


... 6ECUEnbHO nPO>KVITbiE rOAbl 3a CBOI1

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HO oH Y3HaeT, 'ITO Hei13Jie'II1MO 6oJieH. BMecTe c orneJIOMJIHJOilleH HOBOCThJO rrp11X0,1111T ITOHI1MaHI1e, 'ITO OH y,~:~eJIHJI CJII1IIIKOM MaJIO BpeMeHI1 CaMbiM 6JII13KI1M eMy JIIO):IHM -

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1979 ro,11y Ha Epo,11Bee. fJiaB-

HYJO poJih B He if 11CITOJIHI1JI ,ll;)l(eK JleMMOH. B rrocTaHOBKe TeaTpa caT11phi 3TY poJih 11CITOJIHHJOT ,11Ba aKTepa -

Mroph JlaryTI1H 11 AH,11peH: CoKOJIOB.

3, 11,18,31 MaSl ,MOCKBa,TeaTpcan1pbl. PelK~Ccep : Cepre~ Ap~~6aweB . B POilSIX: lt1ropb naryT~H.

AHAPe~

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- ·' BKYC snArOAAPHOCTVI TeaTp Ha'II1HaeTCH c BernaJI-

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TAM, 3A KYnVICAMVI

KI1, a 3aKaH'II1BaeTCH I.\BeTaMI1,

crreKTaKJIH <~KOJIOM6a, 11JII1 Mapw Ha CI.\eHy!~ rro rrhece )l(aHa AHyH

KOTOpbie rry6JII1Ka rrpeiiO):IHOCMT

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B ITOCTaHOBKe CepreH fOJIOMa30Ba. <<,ll;JIH MeHH

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11 I.\11JII1H,11pbl, IIIJieH<l>hi

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11 106K11, TpocTI1 11 ,!leKOJih-

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2012

141


(j)

DISCOVERY C06biTHE

CbECTliiBAnb 3KCTPEMAnOB ~

Onbra 60f,ll.AHOBA

[Q] ,ll.aHHn K0Jl0,ll.I1H C 30 Mapn ITO 8 aiTpeJUI Ha KypopTe <<Po3a XyTop>> B KpaCHoif Ilomme ITporneJI ITepBhiH Snow Camp by Quiksilver. ,ll;JIH cpecnmami CHoy6op,t~11CTOB 11 HbJOCKynepoB ITOCTp011JII1 CIIel(l1aJibHbiH 3KCTp11M-ITapK. MacTep cHe)!{HbiX KOHCTPYKI.111H TaifcoH

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