Page 1

August 2016, Issue No. 37 www.cretepost.gr

the CHANIA POST Reach thousands of readers every month

your monthly independent free newspaper of Chania

your local FREE newspaper

Offering a selection of local interest articles, interviews, news and views from around the region of Chania and Western Crete

With a local services section, a range of advertisers and pages of free classfieds, Chania Post is an essential resource for anyone living in or just visiting this area

George Zachos - Eleni Petsalaki

Scientists of the University of Crete found the way to prevent cancer?

READ ALSO IN THIS ISSUE: • Greek astronomer from the University of Crete in the team that captured black hole as it eats passing star

WELCOME TO CHANIA!

This is our new airport terminal

• Collaboration Between VicRoads and the Technical University of Crete: World-First Technology Keeps Traffic Moving On The M80 • SETE, Crete Region Explore Ways To Make Island Top Destination • RyanAir launches Birmingham Summer 2017 Schedule. A new route to Chania

Exclusive photos of the brand new terminal of “Daskalogiannis” International Airport of Chania. New luggage operation system and 22 check-ins. The airport will be fully operational by the end of 2016.

“MEET... CHANIA”

• Jet2: Heraklion, new destination from Birmingham in 2017

in 12 pages

by Chania Post in collaboration with Chania Prefecture

• Free English language classes in Apokoronas

Welcome! Bienvenue! Willkommen! Добро пожало вать! Velkommen! Välkommen Välkomna! Tervetuloa! 文化的天空, 人类的天堂

PUBLIC BUS SERVICE is the Best Affordable and Safe Way to Travel to Chania, Rethymno, Heraklion and to all villages of Southwestern Crete

www.chania.eu www.incrediblecrete.gr


Hope is... “your outlook on life that counts. If you take yourself lightly and don’t take yourself too seriously, pretty soon you can find the humor in our everyday lives. And sometimes it can be a lifesaver.” (Betty White) “Life is really simple, but we insist on making it complicated.” (Confucius) “In the end, it’s not the years in your life that count. It’s the life in your years.” (Abra-

CHANIA POST ham Lincoln) “Lord, grant that I may always desire more than I can accomplish.” (Michelangelo) by Elpida “Hope” Katsarakis NEA TV Journalist

“Look at people for an example, but then make sure to do things your way. Surround yourself with positive people.” (Queen Latifah) “I think a lot of times we

don’t pay enough attention to people with a positive attitude because we assume they are naive or stupid or unschooled.” (Amy Adams)

“Delete the negative; accentuate the positive!” (Donna Karan) “No matter what you’re going through, there’s a light

at the end of the tunnel and it may seem hard to get to it but you can do it and just keep working towards it and you’ll find the positive side of things.” (Demi Lovato) “When you wake up every day, you have two choices. You can either be positive or negative; an optimist or a pessimist. I choose to be an optimist. It’s all a matter of perspective.” (Harvey Mackay)

Photo of the month... by Róbert Szilágyi

Your local free paper by FTP Publications 73, El. Venizelou str., Chania, 73100 Tel. +30 6977 295075 Owner/Publisher: FTP Publlications Web: http://www.chaniapost.eu E-mail: info@chaniapost.eu FB: http://www.facebook.com/chaniapost Twitter: @chaniapost Editors: Pandelis Giaitsis, Elpida “Hope” Katsarakis, Pandelis Spiridakis, Miltiades Markatos, Giannis Venetakis, Giannis Xamonakis, Petros Marinakis, Antonia Tsakirakis., Giorgos Atsalakis, Stavros Tsihlis, Manolis Karpadakis, Katerina Polizou. Advertising:

Chania Post, 73, El. Venizelou str., Chania Tel. +30 6977295075 http://www.ftp-publications.gr

DTP: FTP Publications Printed in:

CHANIA POST... on the go Android Mac OS ECO friendly paper - Please recycle When you finish reading... give it to a friend Find CHANIA POST at the following points: CHANIA Municipal Market, Airport, Public Bus Central Station, Old Harbour, Municipal Tourist Information Desk PLATANIAS Central Square Infokiosk, Botanical Park KISSAMOS Gramvousa and Balos boats, Elafonissi, Falassarna KANDANOS-SELINO Paleochora Info Desk, Sougia, Kandanos SFAKIA Hora Sfakion Infokiosk, Loutro, Agia Roumeli, ANENDYK boats

Live @ Love @ Laugh LIVING ...is the answer to EVERY THING!

Staying Alive is another precious thing my so crazy summer by Pandelis Spiridakis gelamou.gr guys ...Where in that Augustian Furious Sun are U??? Eh ???? Watch ou t and dont laugh ΡΕ ....Well let’s do our stuff now , no really ...LET’S ! So if you are on your favourite beach , enjoying hours sun , swimming and chilling this is Perfect , Awesome or what?

p. 2

editorial

Certainly Now , in the Heart of the summer ...ADMIT IT... Moments here count if Only yoy pay antention. People that pay attention , nener regret : sign that they have fully lived. So Guys RETHIMNO is this mysterious Land of Hope and DOLCE Vita! Yeah ….Rethimno is the side of life , you return to play and Believe from the First Beginning Life is Funny ...Vacation don’t Full Around ...And Great

Believers ...WIN!!!

The favourite island among the Greeks will be your favourite too when you come to it. Sunny beaches with crystal-clear water, national parks for a hike, Greek cuisine, traces of the Minoan civilisation… Rethimno has the best of every Greek island. What you want for your summer holiday you are going to get in Greece’s largest island. Make your Dream Come True now and take advantage of this deal UNTIL you even re- think the Chance... Relax & leave worries behind. What else can you ask for? Things cabe Really Simple! CAN we Please Coun all The Exciteful Reasons to Celebrate August in Rethimno... -whistle to the girls...at the beach! -cheers screaming to the opposite company -selfie-ing with the Bar- Girl ...staring all people ….all night! -cocktail – talking...Daquirie staff AND asking the One and Only Watermelon Piece from the Next Guy’s Glass

….Ad Vacation in Rethimno can be THE ADVETURE ...yoy want to live!

APOKORONAS Georgioupoli, Kavros, Vamos, Kalyves, Vrysses Also in Chania taxis, Limnoupolis Water Park and in selected cafes, businesses and shops throughout Chania Prefecture.

So cheer up and Laugh – Time and Fun – Time is all yours! People created life – breaks to fulfill their batteries , forget their problems for a while! People from all over the world are visiting Rethymno with a plan : They are just good life – keepers and not life – spenders! ...and if you have listened over 10 times the next girl’s cell phone ringing and playing the ringtone ‘’No No No You don’t want me and I Know now’’...Get the passport and Proceed This is certainly Rethimno POST Acting...! We are here , we are ready and you are Reading The BeST Summer STAFF Guys ...Give it a Brilliant and Juicyyyyyyy Break ….Your Turn !

- Books - Stationery - Consumables

Popi Loupassaki-eodoraki Crossroads to Galatas Old National Road Chania-Kissamos Tel.: +30 28210 32359

- Office supplies - Gis - Photocopies


RyanAir launches Birmingham Summer 2017 Schedule

A new route to Chania R yanair,

Europe’s No.1 airline, today (21 July) launched its biggest ever Birmingham summer schedule (2017), with 3 new routes to Chania, Girona and Reus, 2 new summer services to Sofia and Warsaw, and more flights to Faro, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Palma and Tenerife, which will deliver almost 2.3m customers p.a. and support 1,700 jobs at Birmingham Airport, as Ryanair grows Birmingham traffic by 20%. Ryanair’s Birmingham summer 2017 schedule will deliver: - 3 new routes: Chania (2 wkly), Girona (3 wkly) & Reus (2 wkly) - More flights to: Faro (daily), Ibiza (6 wkly), Gran Canaria (3 wkly), Palma (11 wkly) & Tenerife (4 wkly),

2 new summer services: Sofia (3 wkly) & Warsaw (3 wkly), 28 routes in total, 141 weekly flights, 2.3m customers p.a., 1,700* “on-site” jobs p.a. Ryanair is the ideal choice for business and leisure customers, who can now choose from 28 Birmingham routes in summer 2017 and look forward to further improvements, as Ryanair continues its “Always Getting Better” programme, which includes more new routes, new digital features, new cabin interiors and even more low fares. Ryanair’s Chief Marketing Officer, Kenny Jacobs said: “We are pleased to launch our biggest ever Birmingham summer 2017 schedule, 3 months earlier than last year, which includes 3 new routes to Chania, Girona and

Reus, the continuation of our winter services to Sofia and Warsaw to summer, and more flights to Faro, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Palma and Tenerife, which will deliver almost 2.3m customers p.a. and support 1,700 jobs at Birmingham Airport, as we grow our operation by 20%”. William Pearson, Aviation Director, Birmingham Airport, said: “We are delighted that Ryanair has

launched its summer 2017 schedule even earlier this year, giving passengers travelling from Birmingham Airport more choice on a total of 28 routes. With three new routes now available for booking, Chania, Girona and Reus, passengers have more destina- for m ore news cl ick on tions than ever to choose http://cre tepost.gr from when planning their 2017 summer holiday.”

SETE, Crete Region Explore Ways To Make Island Top Destination

island’s expansion is overcoming the seasonality of tourism, the ongoing onslaught of new taxes, and the all-inclusive model of accommodation, among others.

“The big challenge for us is through the regulation process which is gradually promoting consolidation, education, promotion and provision of quality services, to lead Greek society

to the understanding that tourism is the country’s future,” SETE President Andreas Andreadis said during the event. news.gtp.gr

p. 3

ism to the island of Crete, local authorities and the Greek Tourism Confederation (SETE) held a day event bringing together private and public interests towards the achievement of this goal. Under the title “Prospects for the Empowerment of Crete as a Tourist Destination: Synergies – Public-Private Partnerships”, the event focused on the design and implementation of collaborative projects between the public and the private sector towards improved tourism services and resultant growth. Addressing the event, which was attended by over 200 professionals, local authorities and tourism body representatives, Michalis Vamiedakis, tourism commissioner for Crete, referred to the island as the “steam engine” driving Greece’s tourism growth in terms of arrivals, jobs and contribution to GDP. Key to ensuring the

news & articles

Seeking ways to attract more tour-


Travel insurance becomes popular after terrorist attacks Large

insurance firms have indicated an increased demand for travel insurance policies in by Stavros Tsihlis the wake of the terInsurance & Investment Advisor rorist attacks that occurred in Paris in 2015. While in the Greek insurance market the turnover of these plans is extremely limited, market executives indicate that those who travel around the world, either for personal or professional reasons are much more concerned today because the terrorist threat is now admittedly transferred in the developed world countries.

Many Greek citizens who happened to be in the City of Light during these days have faced serious problems, particularly with canceled flights and delays. The financial impact would have been much less noticeable had they signed up for a travel insurance plan. It is worth noting that especially for countries outside Europe, travel insurance is mandatory for issuing visas for the Schengen countries. This cover therefore becomes even more relevant, as it provides financial security and peace of mind in case of any unexpected events, such as terrorist attacks, riots etc.

There are several insurance policies covering a range of costs due to terrorist attacks, such as expenses for the forced extension of a stay in a foreign destination. These can be: 1) Flight cancellations, delays - Many passengers suffer in cases like these either by losing important travel documents or paying from their personal budget for hotels or accommodation expenses. 2) Hospital expenses in case of injury – Medical bills could reach a significant amount in a foreign country where the traveler is not covered by the local health system.

The Paris attacks have been classified by the entire political world as “terrorist acts”, so if an insurance plan offers coverage in case of terrorist attacks this will apply to someone who happened to be in Paris. These unfortunate events may urge travelers to recognize the importance of travel insurance and understand that it’s a necessity as flight cancellations, delays and general unexpected expenses may occur while abroad. It is also a surprisingly low-cost insurance option, worthwhile signing up by anyone planning to travel. Insurancedaily.gr

s click .gr re new st for mo ://cretepo tp on ht

Jet2: Heraklion, new destination from Birmingham in 2017

p. 4

news & articles

Leisure

airline and package holiday company, Jet2.com and Jet2holidays, are continuing their expansion in the UK with the launch of flights and holidays from Birmingham Airport, their EIGHTH UK airport base. Fifteen fantastic sun destinations are now on sale for summer 2017 – Alicante, Crete (Heraklion), Faro, Fuerteventura, Girona (Costa Brava), Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Majorca, Malaga, Menorca, Paphos, Reus, Rhodes and Tenerife – giving local holidaymakers even more choice and even better value when it comes to their sunshine breaks next year. A total of 57 weekly flights will operate to these destinations, with daily services to popular hotspots Alicante, Faro and Majorca. 590,000 SEATS will be available for summer 2017 and, in more exciting news for local customers, the flights will operate on FOUR of Jet2.com and Jet2holidays’ brand new Boeing 737-800 next generation aircraft. The first flights from Birmingham Airport will take off on Thursday 30th March 2017 to Faro and Malaga. Jet2.com and Jet2holidays’ arrival in Birmingham means significant investment for the region. More than 200 NEW JOBS will be created with roles available including flight and cabin crew, engineers and ground operations staff. Steve Heapy, CEO of Jet2.com and Je-

t2holidays, said: “This is an incredibly exciting day for us as we announce our expansion into our eighth UK airport base, providing further growth and investment for the region. It’s fantastic to be bringing our friendly low fares, great value package holidays, plus our brand new aircraft to Birmingham Airport. “This is our most significant programme launch for some time, giving people a choice of 15 of the most popular sunshine destinations, including eleven Spanish hotspots, two Greek islands, plus Paphos and the sunny

Algarve. We’re thrilled that even more customers can now experience our award winning flights and holidays and we look forward to our first flights taking off next year!” Paul Kehoe, CEO Birmingham Airport, added: “It’s great news that today we welcome Jet2.com and Jet2holidays as partners of Birmingham Airport. This new addition to the family here at Birmingham Airport means new jobs in our region and even more choice for travellers, with 15 routes to popular and affordable sun destinations. This friendly leisure airline is in re-

sponse to customer demand offering great value deals to some of the most popular sunshine routes on a fleet of brand new 737-800 aircraft.” Jet2.com and Jet2holidays Launch Programme from Birmingham Airport: Crete (Heraklion) – operating twice weekly with Jet2.com flights from £78 one way, including taxes, and Jet2holidaysbreaks from £279. Jet2.comoffers friendly low fares, award winning customer service, great flight times and a generous 22kg baggage allowance booked with 0% credit card fees.


Of Augusts past and present Greeks

p. 6

news & articles

choose August for their summer holidays not because it is the hottest month of the year – that by Yannis Xamonakis apokoronasnews.gr honour is often claimed by July – but because August includes one of the most important holidays in the Greek orthodox religious calendar in 15 August, the day dedicated to the Virgin Mary. But the choice is not made because of religious piousness either. August has been associated with the holiday season simply as a matter of practicality. From the time the majority of Greeks had at least one family member at work and most workplaces closed for a couple of weeks and often for the ck on li c r s whole month of August. .g re new epost for mo ttp://cret h And reopened. The breadwinner - the husband and father - would join the rest of the family in the ancestral village where the extended family of womenfolk plus children would take refuge from the concrete frying pan conditions of the metropolis, as soon as schools closed and the ashes of the free school books, ceremonially burned at the end of the school year, had been swept away. They would spent time with grant parents and uncles and other retired members of the family. They would help out with the chickens and sheep and the vegetable garden and go swimming and fishing and play at being farmers and fishers and bring the village folk news of life in the big city and the latest technology. You might think that all this sounds kind of rustic and that people look upon those innocent happier times

with a certain degree of nostalgia. And you could be right. At least in part. There is a certain feeling of nostalgia when talking about the pre crisis days when there was still hope for a better future. But at the same time it is worth remembering that ‘those better days’ were relatively brief. In Greece’s relatively short history as an independent country, people have known poverty and hardship for far longer periods that they have known affluence and comfort. When I recently tried to trace old spinning tools and the expertise of someone skilled in hand spinning wool, I was sent to see an old couple who lives at the outskirts of a village. Those who remembered the old ways knew she was a good spinner and knitter and used to make clothes not only for her family but for others in the village too. I met the old couple, both in their 80s, who welcomed me in their stove heated kitchen in a renovated and extended village house, and over a raki or two I was told that all the old equipment was thrown out

and that the old woman who used to spin and knit the wool for the family did not even want to talk about her skills. Life had been very unkind for her and her husband until they emigrated to Germany in the seventies leaving their children behind. They got poorly paid unskilled jobs that no German wanted to do, working double shifts in factories just to get away from the poverty of the village and to give their family a better chance in life. The old woman’s eyes moistened and she became visibly upset by the memories. “Never again do I want to have to wear these old scratchy vests” she said. No nostalgia there. In those not so distant days of hardship, recreation and entertainment took place in the summer months and mostly outdoors in the village square, the narrow lane or even the open air cinema – given that TV watching had not become widespread in Crete until the late 1980s. The summer festivities in August were an important part of bringing communities together, the visitors and those that had stayed behind, with

songs and dances and food and drink. And this is what municipalities and cultural associations all over Crete are working hard to recreate in today’s difficult times, organising traditional events that preserve the island’s cultural traditions and bring communities together . All taking place August everywhere on the island. And by good fortune, every now and then they even revive some of the traditions that died out. Traditions like the kantadas, songs young men used to sing at night, ideally under the balcony of a girl – wherever there were balconies - in order to express their affection and catch a glimpse of her - or if they were lucky, get her agreement for an illicit meeting. Unfortunately for the courting young men, the serenade more often than not resulted on the musician being drenched by the father of the girl who kept a bucket of water handy, for such occasions, on the balcony. (And of course to water the plants). The Kantada tradition was rather inventively revived in Apokoronas last month when an audience followed the kantada singer, accompanied by lyra and lute, through the streets of Vamos old village, stopping at designated balconies to sing with a range of possible outcomes were staged for the benefit of the audience. An excellent idea that I hope will continue and grow bigger and better. As for the older folk, there was always the option of the open air cinema, another almost extinct tradition that many people remember very fondly; and perhaps the time is right for its revival.


The Greek “Agalma”

Dedicated to all empty-headed, tattoo-bearing, ear-piercing, face-perforating, body-deforming buffoons that seem to be proliferating nowadays Despite

p. 8

news & articles

our yearning for a state of being in heavenly domains, our incarnate expeby Panagiotis rience binds us Terpandros Zachariou to the material world and its pleasures, the latter of which are so many that we can hardly imagine any kind of afterlife without the functions of our bodies; hence all the religions ck on li promising not only the c r s .g re new epost for mo ttp://cret eternity of our souls, but h also our reunification with our flesh in its pristine form. Wishful thinking? Perhaps. For the time being, those of us who enjoy absolute health could also take pleasure in that which we are, that is to say, the only creatures on the planet who can act as Harmoi (nexuses) between the material and the spiritual worlds. Our bodies are the sensors of the former and our souls of the latter. The brain (our intelligence) works as a conduit of information between the two and is, therefore, the harmos/nexus which links material to spirit. Blissful, therefore, is he/she who balances between the spiritual and material worlds without overcorrection either way, like a golden mean between the two. The greater the balance, the greater is the intellectual prowess of the harmos. This naturally requires constant re-assessment of current conditions, which I call “harmoscopesis”, through which we achieve self knowledge admitting to ourselves that we are both body and spirit and that we should function as such, astride the golden mean between the two respective worlds. That being said, half beings are those who neglect the body and reject its pleasures for an absolute bond with the spirit (like religious fundamentalists), just as half beings are those that allow themselves to fall prey to all the base pleasures of the flesh without exercising self control and intellectual and spiritual nourishment. As things stand, however, the majority of humans are far cries from acting as golden means, as the circumstances established by their daily survival and their environment allow little, if any, room for such a harmonious existence. However, what could be more

beautiful than a fit and healthy body ideally accommodating an equally balanced intellectualism, spirit and soul! The only culture and civilization to have captured in art this poignant yearning for such an ideal is that which once flourished in Greece. It is clearly manifested in all the statues of the great Greek sculptors, like that of Myron’s ‘discus thrower’ and Polycleitus’ ‘spear bearer.’ The Greek word for statue, ‘agalma,’ is by far more appropriate than the English word which stems from the Latin ‘statua’ whose semantic field limits itself to the static immobility of the

work; for, as already stated, “agalma” literally means ‘that which uplifts and pleasantly soothes the soul of the onlooker.’ By removing all possible imperfections that usually accompany the human form and its trial by the onslaught of time, the Greeks immortalized absolute beauty as it may be emanated from a human whose intellect, spirit and body function in splendid

harmony. The tranquility manifested in the faces of these works along with the grace and virility of their bodies for ever dictate the measure of human dignity towards which we must always strive. These forms stand as a constant rebuke to those whose bellies are larger than their chests as indications of decadence and lack of discipline and self control. Until the end of time they will condemn alterations and deformations to the body (as the temple of the soul that it is) declaring that tattoos, perforations and excessive jewelry are barbaric practices by individuals who lack spiritual and intellectual development. In fact, so repulsive was tattooing in the eyes of the Greeks and the Romans, that it was applied as a form of punishment for deserters and slaves. The irony is that today tattooing serves the same purpose, the difference being that the bearers are now self-inflicted in absence of any historical memory that might cultivate them otherwise as non-slaves… In a nutshell, the pristine human form as represented by the Greek ‘agalmata’ will always remind us of our cretinism and inadequacies when we deviate from its dictates, as it acts as a compass pointing to ‘kalokagatheia’ - beauty, goodness and human dignity. The forms of most humans who inhabit the planet are so distant from such perfection that they hardly suffice to act even as shadows of these works. The very few who have approached the forms of Greek ‘agalmata’ are perhaps some of the world’s finest crosstrained athletes, and at that only if they have been genetically endowed with the proper proportions. What is even harder to find is such an athlete with a face that is not a far cry from the tranquility and intellectual completeness as depicted in the Greek forms; for most gym buffs are i-pad-totting, tattoo-bearing buffoons nowadays, more interested in playing “Call of Duty” than cultivating any spirit-nourishing intellectualism. Meanwhile, if everything is assessed and valued through the experience of its opposite, then, the decline that aging imposes on the body is not felt so intensely by anyone as it is by such athletes. The vitality of youth is taken for granted during its short-lived period of our primes. While the galloping strides of the soul and spirit car-

Free English language classes in Apokoronas

On July 11th, over 100 students of Apokoronas attended the first day of school. But this was a new kind of school, the first day of Learning Enterprises’ free English classes in Greece. Smiles spread across their faces within the first ten minutes as they played active games, joked with their teachers, and most importantly—began to learn something new. Learning Enterprises (“L.E.”) is an international non-profit that recruits bright, passionate American volunteers to teach in one of twelve countries around Europe, Africa, Asia, and South America. The volunteers are university students or recent graduates, who choose the unpaid program because they love teaching and learning about new cultures. Rather

than staying in a hotel, we are hosted by generous community members, facilitating a meaningful cultural exchange. Every L.E. volunteer knows that English is a valuable skill in the modern world, and is trained on effective and creative teaching methods for children and adults. L.E. is close to my heart, as I spent the summer of 2014 teaching with L.E. in Thailand. Coming from a Greek-American family with roots in Nippos, I knew my second home in Crete would benefit immensely from a similar program. My responsibilities as Program Director included selecting and training this year’s volunteers, but volunteers are only one aspect of a successful program; L.E. Crete only exists because I met members of the Apokoronas community who know how to make things

happen. Niki Niolaki, Vice President of the Social Services Department, is serving tirelessly as the program’s Country Coordinator, and has been instrumental in securing classroom space and finding host families. With the help of these host families, Argiro Benaki, and the rest of the Social Services Department in Apokoroas, Niki and I transformed an idea into reality. Now that teaching is well underway we are thrilled, and even looking forward to what next year might bring. Thanks to koinofelis dedication, we were able to renovate a schoolhouse in Vatouthiaris that has not been in use for over twenty years. Here, 21 students listen respectfully to Teacher Haley every morning, Monday through Friday. Laughing, they rise from their seats to practice action

ry on undeterred by aging, the body eventually wanes like the dying flame of a consumed match. Aware of the volatility of our earthly substance, we place our hopes for some kind of permanence in the divine; hence our desire to reunite with the immaculate forms of our eternal bodies. However, the question that will forever torment our whimsical arrogance is this: What permanence can be achieved in any form, seeing as the divine is in perpetual flux and motion? For the time being, therefore, the only thing of which we may be certain is that in our present form we have the potential to function as Harmoi “attended by the vision splendid” as it is portrayed in Greek agalmata. AGING ATHLETE I’ve spent a lifetime sculpting you,

preparing you for war in tune with patterns offered me by heroes sung in lore. Such Apollonian discipline I’ve striven to apply, instilling in you vigour, strength, propelling legs to fly. Polykleitus’ and Myron’s works were in my soul engraved. What fool was I to think that you could time survive unscathed. Oh mortal insignificance of water, earth and flesh, why have you failed to reap rewards and with my efforts mesh? Despite endeavours to sustain you equal to my soul-that burning immaterial force so distant from your goalI dread to see that in your worthy effort to attain perpetual orbit you have proved unworthy of its flame. EXCERPT FROM PANAGIOTIS TERPANDROU ZACHARIOU’S BOOK “HARMOSCOPESIS”

verbs like “run,” “jump,” and “dance” around the classroom. Haley Broder, who says her students are “thirsty to learn,” and always eager to show her a successfully completed assignment, also teaches evening classes in Embrosneros , where she has 25 students. Lila Murphy teaches 22 in Vryses, Hailey Cohen has 12 students in Neo Horio, and Tiasha Fernando has 25 students in Kalyves. You may run into them in their respective villages—that is, when they are not busy with their lessons! Our L.E. volunteers have much more teaching—and learning—to do in Crete. Support for our program has been wonderful, thanks to Koinofelis epixeirhsh and other inspiring locals coming together. On behalf of my volunteers and Learning Enterprises, thank you—and see you in class.


Chania Post at the new airport of Chania

No passengers lines outside the terminal, fully airconditioned, 22 check-ins and a whole new luggage operation system.

for more n

ews click o n http://cre tepost.gr

p. 9

news & articles

Οne of the two brand new terminals of Chania Airport “Daskalogiannis” is under full operation.


Butterflies, Coronaries, Wind Farms and Raki Before

p. 10

news & articles

you start worrying the above four subjects are not linked except as a title for this article. In mid-July I joined a coach trip from Plaka to Moni Chrysoskallitisa and Elafonisi as well as a couple of other localities. This was another trip arranged to raise money for local needs. When we arrived at Elafonisi and I got near the beach I was staggered by the number of butterflies feeding on the plants at the beach. They were so intent in gorging themselves that many did not notice me moving. But if I moved suddenly some did fly up a few centimeters before dropping back to feed again. It seemed as though the bush was active. And, for regular readers of this newspaper, these were Painted Lady butterflies. Unlike the bedraggled individuals in the huge March migration these n o butterflies were colourful k r s clic re new cretepost.g o m and in very good condition. r / fo http:/ I lived in a small market town in Devon and about 2Km away from the bypass. There was also a hill between the garden and the bypass but a continual low hum from the traffic on the bypass and often, louder noises could still be heard. When I do return to the UK the continual noise from traffic is so noticeable and it seems no matter where I am. I think a large percentage of the population in the UK do not notice it because it is there all the time. To live near or alongside a motorway must be intolerable and stressful. A report from Germany in July (in Deutsches Ärzteblatt International) has indicated that the risk of heart attack increases with the amount of traffic noise to which you are exposed. Although slight it is greatest with road and rail traffic noise, less with aircraft noise. Such are the conclusions after

evaluating data from health insurers on over a million Germans over the age of 40. When the analysis was restricted to patients who died of a heart attack up to 2014/2015, a statistically significant association was found between noise exposure and the risk of heart attack. The lower risk from aircraft noise may be explained by the fact that, unlike road and rail traffic noise, aircraft noise never remains continuously above 65 dB. They also see indications from their analysis that exposure to traffic noise also influences the course of a heart attack. Although not mentioned I assume that the correlation is mainly due to stress caused by the noise. Although the data show only an association between traffic noise and heart attack, the sheer numbers of people affected by noise pollution mean that it is now right to start intensive efforts towards effective prevention of traffic noise. (For those interested in reading more please see Seidler, A; Wagner, M; Schubert, M; Dröge, P; Pons-Kühnemann, J; Swart, E; Zeeb, H; Hegewald, J.”Myocardial Infarction Risk Due to Aircraft, Road, and Rail Traffic Noise: Results of a Case–Control Study Based on Secondary Data Results of a case–control study based on secondary data”). Last year I wrote about the deaths of large predatory birds and bats at wind farms and later last summer this newspaper published an article by the Hellenic Ornithological Society indicating that there were plans to build wind farms in Natura 2000 sites on Crete and that any such plans must be opposed. The results of a study in Germany were published in “Scientific Reports” in July. The motive behind the study was

to consider the conflict between wind energy (and the positive effects on climate change) and the conservation of “protected” bats. According to estimates about 250,000 bats are killed at wind farms every year unless the turbines are operated without mitigation measures. And what is strange at first sight is that a high percentage of bats killed are females. As I explained in more detail in the earlier article, birds and especially bats are killed by direct collision with the arms or by the sudden air pressure changes that can shred the inner organs of bats and kill them instantly. The other factor for bats is that they use optical senses less than echo-location and therefore will not see the huge structure moving around. The research used GPS tracking devices attached to noctule bats (Nyctalus noctula). It seems that in early summer, especially, the females seem to be attracted to the wind farms. One of the researchers, Christian Voigt stated the following: “One explanation considers the fact that bats make their homes in trees. In early summer, having just finished raising their pups, the female bats take off looking for new homes and hunting grounds. Conceivably, the bats mistake the wind farm constructions for large dead trees, ideal for serving as bat homes. Our American colleagues have suspected this to be the case for North American bat species already. By contrast, male bats generally avoided the wind park facilities and continued to commute between their headquarters and hunting grounds without much variation. These male bats had no reason to venture out. They had already established their quarters earlier in the year.” He also added that: “According to legislation, the investor and opera-

tor who plan to establish some wind farm facility must test for the presence of bats. Alas, imposed regulations remain largely unheeded!” – I dare say no one would be surprised by that. The researchers also learned that male bats prefer ‘bio-prey’. The favourite hunting grounds were above or near organically grown crops, which did not surprise me. Females avoided forested areas and I suppose understandably because of the complicated terrain for echo-location. Climate change measures and conservation of species cane be compatible. For wind farms, it would be simple to avoid areas with large populations of bats and to introduce sensible shutdown times (i.e. when the bats are active). Every bat killed is missed in the population because bats reproduce slowly and the effects can be extremely devastating for migratory bats. Are bats important? European bats are insectivores. Not only do they munch their way through mosquito populations but they enjoy beetles and other insects that are pests to vegetable and cereal growers. Farmers need to use less (if they feel they must) insecticide if bats are hunting above their fields. And bats are not responsible for the climate change that is taking place but are victims of some measures being introduced to combat climatic problems caused by humans. Finally, another scientific paper released in July indicated there seemed to be a link between cinnamon and better learning. Does this mean that drinking cinnamon raki (which is delicious if you have not tried it) will help you learn but take away the pain of learning? David Capon

The Cretan Gunners went to Kavala Beach Rugby Tournament On

Thursday 14th July a small group of players from Chania’s Cretan Gunners Rugby Club left Chania for Kavala near Thessaloniki to take part in the 2nd Beach Rugby Tournament. This would prove to be an interesting experience for all those who went. With group stage matches starting on the Friday Gunners found themselves in a Group with Saint Thomas Rugby League Club, Thessaloniki Lions, Sofia Renegades, Attika Springboks (last year’s finalists) and Rechinii. Interestingly St. Thomas managed to stream their opening game with the Gunners live to their facebook page which made for good viewing. Gunners first ever game of competitive Beach Rugby against St. Thomas ended in a loss with the players having to adapt to the new rules and a different form of rugby. Two further games on the opening day saw Gunners lose to Attika Sprinboks and also lose a very close game with Rechinii and end the day in 5th place in their group. Saturdays games against Thessaloniki Lions also resulted in losses but a 5-3 win was secured against Sofia Renegades to leave Gunners in 6th place in their group at the

end of the day. Sunday saw the teams taking part in a seeded knockout competition with the Gunners due to play against Murphy’s Misfits in the opening round. Unfortunately, due to Gunners players having to return to Chania for work on the Monday they had to concede this game and withdraw from this stage of the competition. Later in the day the final was contested by Dracula Old Boys and Farul with Old Boys the winners at full time. All the Gunners players enjoyed both the playing and the social aspects of the tournament and would like to express their thanks to the Organisers and Host Club. Despite the results enthusiasm has not been dampened if anything the players are now more determined to make a success of the next year and look forward to a return to this tournament in 2017. Training for the summer has now stopped and will resume in September. The date and venue will be placed on the Gunners Facebook page nearer to the time. In the meantime, if you are interested in playing, supporting or sponsoring the Cretan Gunners please make contact through the facebook page.


24 Hour Guarded Parking

Car Wash

A. ENTRANCE & EXIT 9-11, Grigoriou 5th str. (Kolokotroni Square) B. ENTRANCE & EXIT Markou Botsari str.(opp. old cinema “Apollon”) Tel:+3028210 86066 - Fax:+3028210 86076


The Great British Dish I t is often remarked that British

p. 12

news & articles

national cuisine is not especially refined or distinctive in the way of culinary sophistication. However there is one national dish that tourists from all over the world seem anxious to try and that is the authentic British fish and chips (often written as fish ’n’ chips). It ranks in the top three of the most internationally recognized dishes of the British. What is phenomenal is how such a dish that at one time was considered a pauper’s meal and once jeered at by food snobs, has attained such worldwide recognition and celebrity status. America’s First Lady Michelle Obama treated her daughters to fish n click o st.gr and chips during a visit s w e re n epo for mo ttp://cret to London in 2009. h The family dropped into The Audley, in the exclusive Mayfair district, which boasts the “best fish and chips in W1” on a board outside. Former Prime Minister David Cameron is a fan of fish and chips and during the recent visit of Chinese president Xi Jinping Cameron took the president out for the classic dish. Actress Kate Winslet and footballers Wayne Rooney and John Terry all served fish and chips at their weddings and Michael Jackson liked his with mushy peas. The idea to combine fried fish and chips as a meal originated in the 1800’s. Fried fish was first introduced to London by Jewish immigrants somewhere in the 17th century and chips are said to have originated from Belgium The rise in its popularity of fish and chips as we now know it can be linked

to the two UK Industrial Revolutions. The parallel developments in transport through the rail network and trawl fishing in the North Sea allowed for the growing inland cities and communities to be easily connected to sea ports and thus the fresh fish. Fish and chip shops (chippy) began appearing on streets especially in those areas booming from the new found innovations arising from the Industrial Revolutions. By the late 1920’s there were around 35,000 fish and chip shops in the UK. During the two World Wars and the intervening years fish and potatoes were among the few foods not to be rationed. Politicians recognized its popularity with the working classes who were the backbone of the war effort. The north west of England saw the first chippy opened in 1863 by a Mr Lees in the small English town of Mossely near Oldham. In London a Joseph Malin opened a fish and chip shop in Cleveland Street reputed to be around 1865. Traditionally the chippy was a family run takeaway business but in 1896 Samuel Isaacs (1856 - 1939) who ran a thriving wholesale and retail fish business throughout London and the South of England opened a fish restaurant in London. It served fish and chips, bread and butter, and tea for 9 old pence (approx. 5 UK pence / 4 Euro cents). Over time some family run businesses opened chains of fish and chip shops both takeaway and eat-in. The most famous to date is the Harry Ramsden chain. The business was started by a Harry Rams-

den (1888–1963) who in 1928 began serving the dish in a wooden hut in White Cross, Guiseley West Yorkshire England. Fish-and-chip shops traditionally wrapped the takeaway in just old newspaper. Later came an inner layer of white paper (for hygiene) with an outer layer of old newspaper for insulation and to absorb grease. The use of newspaper for outer wrapping ceased on grounds of hygiene. The dedicated chip bags were first marketed in 1910. No one could ever have predicted that cod, the most popular fish in the national dish, would cause three international incidents between Britain and Iceland known as the Cod Wars. The international waters around Iceland were abundant with cod and the ever presence of more and more UK trawlers angered the Icelanders who were also fishing the area. In the first Cod War (1 Sep to 12 Nov 1958) Iceland expanded its exclusive fishing zone from 4 to 12 nautical miles. In the second Cod War (1 Sept 1972 to 8 Nov 1973) Iceland further expanded the zone to 50 nautical miles to conserve stocks and protect their fishing industry. The third and most intense conflict (Nov 1975 to Jun 1976) occurred when Iceland expanded its fishing zone to 200 nautical miles. In all three ‘wars’ the exclusion zone was ignored by British trawlers and the British navy protected the UK vessels that were being harassed. In general the final solution to each ‘war’ was a gradual limitation of UK vessels and areas to fish after Iceland repeatedly threatened to leave NATO some-

thing un-thinkable due to the Iceland’s strategic importance. Today there are over 10,500 specialist fish and chip shops in the UK. Cod is still the number one choice of fish with haddock second, being more popular in Scotland. The batter for the fish is generally flour, eggs and one or more liquids, including milk, water and oil. Some variants use beer, with an English ale being the popular choice. The batter mix covering the fish served by Harry Ramsden is still a closely guard secret. The choice of potato most favoured by a chippy is the Maris Piper that takes 150 days to mature from plantation. It is a versatile type of potato grown in the UK that gives that crispy outer surface to a chip whilst maintaining a fluffy texture on the inside. More Maris Piper potatoes are grown than any other variety in the UK - over 19,000 hectares (190 square kilometers) were grown in 2012. A chippy can be found in all parts of the UK with ‘Frankie’s Fish and Chips’ being the most northerly located in Brae, on the Shetland Isles and ‘Smugglers’ being the most southerly located in The Lizard, Cornwall. The longest trading fish and chip shop, ‘The Oldest Fish & Chip Shop in the World’, is in Yeadon near Leeds and has served fish and chips from the same shop since 1865. Harry Ramsden has the largest fish and chip shop in the UK located in the south coast resort of Bournemouth and boasts 417 covers. Sharpy’s in Wigan previously held the record with 270 covers. Fish and chip shops have a tradition of using a variety of names to trade under. Apart from


OFF

a hospitality marketing specialist, say that fish and chip shops are moving with the times and so far there has been a 26% rise in sales of the take away fish for 2016. Customers now want to taste fish that would normally be the preserve of the rich and famous (e.g. squid, monkish and lemon sole) even though cod and haddock are still the best sellers. Celebrity chefs such as Gordon Ramsey, Jamie Oliver and Rick Stein have made seafood very popular as have TV shows such as MasterChef and Come Dine with Me. There is something intriguing with a well-cooked portion of the great British fish and chips with its captivating and distinctive aroma enhanced by the salt and vinegar. Underneath the savory crispy batter lies the moist and succulent fish complimented by perfectly cooked chips to make your mouth water. Not all areas of the UK like the traditional salt and vinegar with their fish and chips. There are different trends such as

FOR ALL OUR NEW

CUSTOMERS

Looking for British foods?

Look no more, British Food Store in Chania, Crete. We stock a massive array of British foods from Frozen to Ambient products. Biscuits, breads, Extra matured Cheddar, bacon, Black puddings & cakes. Over 600 British items in store. We also stock local Greek produce and everyday items.

Brirtish Market Store, Kokino Chorio, Chania. 282 503 1185

@ info@britishmarket.gr

in Birmingham where curry sauce is a favourite dip for the chips and in Newcastle for more news click on http://cre tomato sauce is the main tepost.gr choice. In Scotland many like to eat their fish and chips on the way home and many in the UK like to eat fish and chips when at the seaside or come to that almost anywhere. Whatever preferences are chosen a recent survey has shown that UK consumers eat some 382 million portions of fish and chips every year spending an enormous £1.2 billion. Such is the popularity of this British dish that a Mori survey revealed that 30 per cent of Brits crave for British fish and chips while they’re abroad and efforts are being made to promote and replicate this great British dish worldwide but the only real place to savour your first authentic fish and chips is in the UK. No matter where you are in the UK you are never that far from a chippy. Gil Holton

p. 13

(Plymouth) second and The Cod’s Scallops (Nottingham) a third. The British Nutrition Foundation states that a portion of fish and chips provides the body with carbohydrate, vitamins B6 and B12, vitamin C, iron, calcium, phosphorous, as well as the trace elements iodine, fluorine, zinc and some important dietary fibre and of course Omega-3 fatty acids. Modern frying methods and the high quality oils used by most fish and chip shops, mean that very little oil, if any, gets into the actual fish. At one time fish and chips were the No. 1 in the takeaway business with 64% of Brits regularly doing a chippy ‘run’. The popularity of the chippy faded through the late 20th Century with the rise in the number of Chinese and Indian take-aways and restaurants and other countries cuisines that were more readily available. The fish and chip shop industry is having a new approach to the ever changing market place. Consumer King,

news & articles

the standard names such as Mr Chippy or Golden Fry there are those who have a more imaginative or humorous approach by using names such as The Codfather The Frying Squad , Frying Nemo, Battersea Cod’s Home, A Salt N Battered, Fryer Tuck, A Fish Called Rhondda, Chip-in-Dales, The Plaice to Be. The National Federation of Fish Friers (NFFF) is an organization that works to protect and promote the interests of fish and chip businesses throughout the UK and the rest of the world. It works closely with Seafish a Non-Departmental Public Body (NDPB) set up by the UK Fisheries Act 1981 to improve efficiency and raise standards across the seafood industry. The National Fish & Chip Awards, organized by Seafish in conjunction with the NFFF, is a yearly event to find the UK’s best fish and chip business by categories. In the fish and chip trade it is aptly known as the ‘Frying Oscars’ and rewards individual excellence both in terms of food and service. It is open to all businesses from the independent takeaways, restaurants, franchised operators and pubs, hotels that serve fish and chips. When judges are questioned on how they determine a quality product they all agree that they are looking for fish that is firm and flaky, succulent, free of bones, not too oily and white in colour, whilst chips are to be crispy on the outside, fluffy on the inside and cooked right through. The batter should be crispy, even-coloured, covering the whole fish, not too greasy and free of any carbon particles. A Cheltenham fish and chip shop Simpsons Fish and Chips has been named the best in the UK 2016, with ‘Kingfisher Fish and Chips’


Greek astronomer from the University of Crete in the team that captured black hole as it eats passing star Radio astronomers have used a ra-

p. 14

news & articles

dio telescope network the size of the Earth to zoom in on a unique phenomenon in a distant galaxy: a jet activated by a star being consumed by a supermassive black hole. The record-sharp observations reveal a compact and surprisingly slowly moving source of radio waves, with details published in a paper in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. The results were presented at the European Week of Astronomy and Space Science in Athens, Greece. An international team of researchers at Onsala Space Observatory in Sweden say the jet is being devoured at less than oneck on ws cli post.gr e third of the speed of light, n e r e for mo ttp://cret h which is surprisingly slow when it comes to black hole emissions. Among them a Greek scientist. Dimitrios Giannios is a Professor of Physics in Purdue University. The international team, led by Jun Yang (Onsala Space Observatory, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden), studied the new-born jet in a source known as Swift J1644+57 with the European VLBI Network (EVN), an Earth-size radio telescope array. When a star moves close to a supermassive black hole it can be disrupted violently. About half of the gas in the star is drawn towards the black hole and forms a disc around it. During this process, large amounts of gravitational energy are converted into electromagnetic radiation, creating a bright source visible at many different wavelengths.

One dramatic consequence is that some of the star’s material, stripped from the star and collected around the black hole, can be ejected in extremely narrow beams of particles at speeds approaching the speed of light. These so-called relativistic jets produce strong emission at radio wavelengths. The first known tidal disruption event that formed a relativistic jet was discovered in 2011 by the NASA satellite Swift. Initially identified by a bright flare in X-rays, the event was given the name Swift J1644+57. The source was traced to a distant galaxy, so far away that its light took around 3.9 billion years to reach Earth. Jun Yang and his colleagues used the technique of very long baseline interferometry (VLBI), where a network of detectors separated by thousands of kilometres are combined into a single observatory, to make extremely high-precision measurements of the jet from Swift J1644+57. Three years of extremely precise EVN measurements of the jet from Swift

J1644+5734 show a very compact source with no signs of motion. Lower panel: false colour contour image of the jet (the ellipse in the lower left corner shows the size of an unresolved source). “Using the EVN telescope network we were able to measure the jet’s position to a precision of 10 microarcseconds. That corresponds to the angular extent of a 2-Euro coin on the Moon as seen from Earth. These are some of the sharpest measurements ever made by radio telescopes”, says Jun Yang. Thanks to the amazing precision possible with the network of radio telescopes, the scientists were able to search for signs of motion in the jet, despite its huge distance. “We looked for motion close to the light speed in the jet, so-called superluminal motion. Over our three years of observations such movement should have been clearly detectable. But our images reveal instead very compact and steady emission – there is no apparent motion”, continues Jun Yang.

The results give important insights into what happens when a star is destroyed by a supermassive black hole, but also how newly launched jets behave in a pristine environment. Zsolt Paragi, Head of User Support at the Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE) in Dwingeloo, Netherlands, and member of the team, explains why the jet appears to be so compact and stationary. “Newly formed relativistic ejecta decelerate quickly as they interact with the interstellar medium in the galaxy. Besides, earlier studies suggest we may be seeing the jet at a very small angle. That could contribute to the apparent compactness”, he says. The record-sharp and extremely sensitive observations would not have been possible without the full power of the many radio telescopes of different sizes which together make up the EVN, explains Tao An from the Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, P.R. China. ellines.com

Collaboration Between VicRoads and the Technical University of Crete: World-First Technology Keeps Traffic Moving On The M80 Drivers

on the M80 will be the first in the world to benefit from new technology that will help reduce congestion and get Victorians home sooner. The Adaptive Variable Speed Limit system recognises when traffic is starting to build-up, and adjusts traffic speed, regulating traffic flow and providing a safer and more reliable journey for the 160,000 drivers who use the road every day. Following a manual trial in 2014, the system has now been fully automated on the M80 Ring Road from Furlong Road to Sunshine Avenue, to relieve a pinch-point where traffic has to move from four lanes, down to two lanes. Powered by an algorithm, the system assesses live traffic conditions and regulates traffic speed by sending information to drivers via overhead gantries. Without intervention, traffic would eventually become congested and stop. Instead this system aims to reduce the congestion time and maintain movement. The ground-breaking system is the result of collaboration between VicRoads and the Technical University of Crete, to find new ways to reduce congestion. The new technology will form part of the upcoming construction of the $300 million M80 Ring Road Upgrade

from Sunshine Avenue to Calder Freeway, due to start later this year. Drivers can expect to see speed limits change before traffic become heavy, particularly during morning and afternoon peak times. Traffic data from the new system will

be closely monitored and evaluated, with a view to rolling the system out more broadly across the state’s freeway network. Quotes attributable to the Minister for Roads and Roads Safety Luke Donnellan

“We are applying the world’s best traffic management practices to roads right here in Melbourne.” “By being smarter about the way we manage traffic, we can get Victorians home sooner so they can spend more time with their family and friends.”


George Zachos - Eleni Petsalaki

Scientists of the University of Crete found the way to prevent cancer? When

p. 16

news & articles

chromatin is trapped at the intercellular bridge, cells delay completion of cytokinesis (abscission) to prevent chromosome breakage. Here we show that inhibition of Cdclike kinases (Clks) 1, 2 or 4 accelerates midbody resolution in normally segregating cells and correlates with premature abscission, chromatin breakage and generation of DNA damage in cytokinesis with trapped chromatin. Clk1, n Clk2 and Clk4 localize to o k r s clic re new cretepost.g o the midbody in an interm r / fo http:/ dependent manner, associate with Aurora B kinase and are required for Aurora B–serine 331 (S331) phosphorylation and complete Aurora B activation in late cytokinesis. Phosphorylated Aurora B–S331 localizes to the midbody centre and is required for phosphorylation and optimal localization of the abscission protein Chmp4c. In addition, expression of phosphomimetic mutants Aurora B–S331E or Chmp4c-S210D delays midbody disassembly and prevents chromatin breakage in Clk-deficient cells. We propose that Clks 1, 2 and 4 impose the abscission checkpoint by phosphorylating Aurora B– S331 at the midbody.

INTRODUCTION Chromatin bridges represent incompletely segregated chromosomal DNA connecting the anaphase poles or daughter nuclei and have been linked to chromosomal instability in human tumours and tumourigenesis in mice. In response to chromatin bridges or to lagging chromosomes that are trapped in the intercellular bridge in late cytokinesis, eukaryotic cells delay abscission, the final cut of the narrow cytoplasmic canal that connects the daughter cells, to prevent chromosome breakage or tetraploidization by regression of the cleavage furrow. In mammals, this abscission delay is called ‘the abscission checkpoint’ and is dependent on Aurora B kinase. Aurora B localizes to the midbody and imposes the abscission checkpoint by phosphorylating the endosomal sorting complex required for transport-III (ESCRT-III) subunit charged multivesicular body protein 4C (Chmp4c) on serines 210, 214 and 215 in human cells. This phosphorylation has been proposed to target Chmp4c to the midbody centre, to prevent downstream endosomal sorting complex required for trans-

port components including the ATPase Vps4 from relocalizing to the abscission site and deliver the final cut. In addition, in normally segregating cells, that is, in the absence of trapped chromatin at the intercellular bridge, inhibition of Aurora B accelerates abscission, suggesting that the abscission checkpoint may function more generally as an abscission timer. However, the mechanism of Aurora B activation in the abscission checkpoint is a matter of active investigation. Complete Aurora B kinase activity requires phosphorylation at S331. The DNA damage kinases Chk1 and Chk2 phosphorylate Aurora B–S331 in mitosis: Chk2 phosphorylates Aurora B–S331 in early prometaphase, while Chk1 phosphorylates S331 in late prometaphase and metaphase. However, the kinase that activates Aurora B in the late stages of cytokinesis has not been previously reported. The Cdc-like kinases (Clk1–4 in human cells) are an evolutionary conserved family of dual specificity protein kinases, which can autophosphorylate at tyrosine residues and phosphorylate their substrates on serine/threonine residues. Clks localize in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus where they regulate alternative splicing through phosphorylation of serine/ arginine-rich domains on splicing factors. Clks recognize the minimum consensus sequence R-x-x-S/T also shared by Chk1 and Chk2; however, our current understanding of Clk biological targets and function is rela-

tively limited. In the present study, we show that depletion of Clk1, Clk2 or Clk4 by small interfering RNA (siRNA) or pharmacological inhibition of Clk catalytic activity accelerates midbody resolution in normally segregating human cells. Furthermore, Clk-deficient cells exhibit premature abscission, chromatin breakage and generation of DNA damage in cytokinesis with chromatin bridges. Clks 1, 2 and 4 phosphorylate Aurora B–S331 in vitro and are required for optimal Aurora B–phosphorylation and complete Aurora B activation in late cytokinesis. In addition, Clk1, Clk2 and Clk4 localize to the midbody in an interdependent manner and associate with Aurora B in cell extracts after enrichment of cells in cytokinesis. Using cells transiently expressing siRNA-resistant forms of wild-type (WT) or phosphomimetic S331E Aurora B after depletion of the endogenous protein, we propose that Clk-dependent Aurora B–S331 phosphorylation is required for phosphorylation and optimal localization of Chmp4c to the midbody centre in late cytokinesis, in the absence or the presence of DNA bridges. In addition, expression of S331E Aurora B or overexpression of the phosphomimetic mutant S210D Chmp4c delays midbody disassembly and prevents chromatin breakage in Clk-deficient cells. On the basis of these findings, we propose that Clk1, Clk2 and Clk4 impose the abscission checkpoint by phosphorylating Aurora B–S331 at

the midbody. RESULTS Clk inhibition accelerates midbody disassembly To investigate a role for Cdc-like kinases in midbody resolution, human colon carcinoma BE cells transiently expressing α-tubulin fused to mCherry (mCherry:tubulin) were monitored by time-lapse microscopy and the kinetics of tubulin disassembly at the midbody determined. In control cells, the midbody remained visible for a median time of 35±5 min after formation. In contrast, treatment of cells with 1 μM TG003, an inhibitor of Clk1, Clk2 and Clk4 catalytic activity at this concentration, accelerated midbody disassembly (t=18±3 min, n=8) compared with controls. This correlated with reduced frequency of cells at midbody stage after treatment with TG003 or depletion of Clk1, Clk2 or Clk4 by two independent siRNAs, but not with an increase in binucleate or multinucleate cells compared with controls. Furthermore, Clk-deficient and control cells exhibited similar frequency of cells in prometaphase, suggesting that Clk inhibition does not prevent mitotic entry and that Clk-deficient cells can progress through abscission and disassemble their midbodies more rapidly than controls. We propose that Clks 1, 2 and 4 regulate proper timing of midbody resolution in normally segregating cells. Read all details in the article of Dr. Zachos and Dr. Petsalaki at http://www.nature.com


Live concert in Chania by Marios Frangoulis and George Perris East Moat Theatre, August 20

Who is Marios Frangoulis Mario Frangoulis is a Classical Crossover artist and tenor known the world over for his powerhouse vocals and charismatic live performances. Billboard calls him ‘’Daring and inspring!’’, while CNN.com says “His world is distilled to pure sound, all voice.” Born in Africa and raised in Greece, he studied at London’s Guildhall School of Music and Drama where he was discovered by Sir Cameron Mackintosh, referred to by the New York Times as “the most successful, influential and powerful producer of our time.” Mackintosh immediately cast him to play Marius in Les Misérables in London’s West End and soon after, he was invited by Sir Andrew Lloyd Webber to play the role of Raoul in Phantom of the Opera to great critical acclaim. It was during this time, that Mario discovered the operatic side of his voice. As a winner of the Maria Callas scholarship and Pavarotti competition, he found himself on a path to Italy to study with the late tenor Carlo Bergonzi. Upon the recommendation of one of his mentors, the legendary mezzo-soprano Marilyn Horne, Mario went to Rome to audition for the acclaimed tenor Alfredo Kraus who was performing with Nicola Rescigno (Maria Callas’ favorite conductor). Both were impressed. Mario then became the only private student the late Kraus ever accepted. They traveled throughout the world, with Frangoulis studying and

learning while Kraus performed. This intensive training cultivated Mario’s solid vocal technique and good high notes, both hallmarks of Kraus’ style. He continued to cultivate his vocal skill at the Julliard School of Music in New York, studying under the guidance of Dodi Protero. Mario has performed in a wide range of roles in his career that have utilized his broad and deep skillset and talent – both as a singer and actor. In the New Millennium he won (out of

thousands) the role of Tony in West Side Story and performed at Milan’s La Scala. He has played roles from the King and I with Barbara Cook, and Alfred Drake from Kiss Me Kate in the film De Lovely, performing the song “So In Love” with world-famous singer Lara Fabian, to lead roles in ancient Greek theater such as The Birds by Aristophanes and epic roles such as Dionysus, Achilles, and Prometheus performing in epic theatres such as Epidaurus in Greece and Pergamon in

p. 17

ris will perform live in Chania, at the East Moat Theatre, August 20, presenting their new album, entitled “Kivotos”. The live concert of the famous tenors is supported by the FrancoHellénique Association of Chania.

Turkey. His recording career launched when he was discovered by Peter Gelb, the head of Sony Classical, who now runs the Metropolitan Opera in New York. Since that time, he has completed over 15 personal recordings and sold over 1,000,000 albums worldwide. His debut as a Classical Crossover artist launched in 2002 with the release of Sometimes I Dream with a second album Follow Your Heart fast on its heels (2002, 2006). Both international albums solidified Mario as a top 3 Classical Crossover Artist on Bilboard where he held the #2 and #3 positions with Andrea Bocelli and Josh Groban for over 50 weeks. He is consistently ranked in the top 10 on international charts, and in 2011 was voted Best Male Classical Crossover Artist globally, recognizing him as one of the most important artists in the for more n genre. ews click o n http://cre Mario Frangoulis is known tepost.gr for his refined vocal interpretations, and unique ability to sing in over 5 languages. He combines the classical and contemporary and loves to blend multiple styles (opera, pop, rock, folk, soul/R&B, world). He has performed with world-class artists from Placido Domingo and Jose Carreras to Lara Fabian and Sarah Brightman, to Justin Hayward and Klaus Meine; and orchestras such as the Boston Pops, Chicago Symphony, Dallas Symphony, Tokyo Philharmonic, Novaya Opera of Moscow, and the Philharmonia Orchstra of London (to name a few). Theatre Jones said, “Frangoulis has a simply beautiful voice. Enjoying a live performance of this sound was worth the price of admission. But he has more than this. His ability to rivet the adoration of the audience to his every motion was stunning.”

news & articles

Marios Frangoulis and George Per-


䄀最椀愀 䴀愀爀椀渀愀 䌀䠀䄀一䤀䄀


“MEET... CHANIA” in 12 pages

by Chania Post in collaboration with Chania Prefecture

Welcome! Bienvenue! Willkommen! Добро пожал овать! Velkommen! Välkommen Välkomna! Tervetuloa! 文化的天空, 人类的天堂

www.chania.eu www.incrediblecrete.gr


GMT +2 Welcome! Bienvenue! Willkommen! Добро пожаловать! Velkommen! Välkommen Välkomna! Tervetuloa! 文化的天空, 人类的天堂

A few things you have to know about Crete

Crete, the 5th biggest Med Island, lies in the southern frontier of Europe. Crete combines mountains and sea, the new alongside with the old and ancient with contemporary history. It is a cultural crossroad due to its strategic geographical position. English, German, French, Russian and other languages are widely spoken in tourist resorts. The climate is a factor that greatly contributes to its attractiveness. It is mild Mediterranean – dry and warm, which means high sunshine all year round, very small seasonal changes in temperatures and no extreme weather phenomena. Tap water is safe for consumption, the consumption of bottled water is recommended. The international call code for Greece is +30.

www.chania.eu www.incrediblecrete.gr a heavenly and autiful Chania, be to e m co el W ral beauty, hisming with natu land whose pure land brim culture. It is a d an y and will or em m tory, in all its glory perience nature ex ill w rs to si vi . thtaking sights othy encounter brea bordered in fr re ho as se of s he tc sanre d st an s Endles ic beauty islands of exot d ng an di id ts le rb in fo , of lace foot ed away at the dy beaches tuck mountains. tic gorges, holy yet such majes t bu e bl ains thickly tra ne Impe lush, green pl d an s er riv d caves, blesse es. ive and citrus tre covered with ol

Остров Крит, колыбель европейской цивилизации, и его гостеприимные жители рады приветствовать вас! Мы обещаем вам незабываемые впечатления, независимо от того, в первый ли раз вы сюда приехали или посещаете Крит регулярно. Это место идеально подходит, чтобы отдохнуть или исследовать горы, море, города и деревни. Живите в ритме этого чудесного острова с утра до вечера. Откройте для себя Крит!

Välkommen til l vackra Chani a, ett himmel och äkta land skt fullt med natu rlig skönhet, toria, minnen hisoch kultur. Det är en plat s där besökare n kom turen i all dess majestätiska sk mer att få uppleva naönhet och möt enastående va ckra platser. as av Ändlösa sträck or av fasciner ande kust bild gränser i norr ar dess , söder och vä ster. In i mellan m öts man av ex otiska stränder i vissa fall gö och öar, mda bakom st ora imponera Likaså finns nde berg. här fantastiska raviner som genom bergen skär sig ut mot haven, liksom heliga spännande stal grottor med agmiter och al agmiter.

Velkommen til smukke Chania, en paradisisk og ægte egn fyldt med naturlig skønhed, historie, minder og kultur.Her vil den besøgende opleve naturen i dens fulde pragt, og komme til at stå overfor steder der tager vejret fra en. Endeløse bugtede kyster, eksotiske småøer og gemte sandstrande ved foden af de vilde bjerge. Ufremkommelige men fortryllende kløfter, hellige grotter, velsignede floder, og fredlige dybtgrønne sletter, beplantet med oliven træer og citrusfrugter. En egn selvforsynende med alt og rig på sjældne dyr og planter. I Chania vil den besøgende blive imponeret over de menneskelige værker. Velkommen til vakre Hania, et paradisisk og rent land full av naturskjønnheter, historie, minner og kultur. Det er et land der de besøkende vil oppleve naturen i all dens prakt og se steder som gjør en stum av begeistring. Endeløse kyststrekninger med skummende hav, små bukter og øyer av eksotisk skjønnhet og skjulte sandstrender ved foten av avskrekkende fjell. Vanskelig tilgjengelige, men majestetiske fjellkløfter, hellige huler, velsignede elver og rolige grønne sletter dekket med oliven- og sitrus trær. Et land som er selvnærende på alle måter, rikt på dyreliv og planter, endemiske (stedegne) og sjeldne.

Museums | Musée | Museen | Mузеи | Museer | Μuseot | 博物馆 Archaeological Museum of Chania 25 Halidon str. - Tel. 28210 90334. Open: 8.30-15.00 (except Mondays) Maritime Museum of Crete Akti Koundourioti, Venetian Harbour. Tel. 28210 91875/74484. Open: 9.00-16.00 (1/4-31/10), 9.00-14.00 (1/11-31/3) Μinoan Ship Moro dock, Venetian Harbour. Τel. 28210 91875. Open: Μay-Οct. Mon.-Fri. 10.00-15.00 & 19.00-22.30 (except public holidays) Historical Archives of Crete 20 I. Sfakianaki str., Tel. 28210 52606. Open: 9.00-14.00 (except Sat. & Sun.) Folklore Museum Gavalochori, Apokoronas. Tel. 28250 23222. Open: 9.00-20.00, Sat. 9.00-19.00, Sun. 10.00-13.00 Folklore Museum “Cretan House” 46b Halidon str. Tel. 28210 90816. Open: 9.00-15.00 & 18.00-21.00 Byzantine collection Theotokopoulou str. Tel. 28210 96046. Open: 8.30-15.00 (except Mondays)

Willkommen. Gleichzeitig is t Chania der Hauptort des gl eichnamigen R egionalbezirks, der ehemaligen Präfektur Chani a, der den gesamten Westen K retas umfasst. C hania war von bis 1971 die H 1841 auptstadt der In sel Kreta. Chania hat seit dem Ende der Fremdherrschaf in Schüben ve t ein rlaufendes star kes Bevölkeru swachstum zu ngverzeichnen. Die Markthalle von Chania stam mt aus den Jahr 1911 bis 1913. en Der Bau aus G usseisen mit off Dachstuhl wur enem de nach dem Vo rbild der Markt Marseille konz halle in ipiert.

Bienvenue. Bien qu’elle ait été bombardée pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, La Canée est considérée comme une des plus jolies villes de Crète, particulièrement le vieux port vénitien avec son phare du XVe siècle et la mosquée des Janissaires. La Canée bénéficie d’un climat typiquement méditerranéen caractérisé par des hivers frais et humides et des étés chauds et secs. Le marché couvert datant de 1913, basé sur les plans de celui de Marseille, est aux abords de la vieille ville et est populaire aussi bien auprès des touristes que des habitants locaux.

欢迎到美丽的哈尼亚, 一片天堂般的处女地; 到处洋溢着自然的美, 写满了历史 、美丽的 回忆和文化。 到访者都会感受大自然的伟大,这里的景色令 人惊叹。波光粼粼的大海一望无际。海湾,美 丽的岛屿,巍峨的山边海滩构成了一副绝妙的 风景画。百思不得其解的神 秘峡谷,天然溶 洞,天赐的河流充满着一派生机。美丽的原野 到处是橄榄树和柑橘类树种。这是自给自足的 沃土,分布着特有的动植物种群。 reikassa. Se on nia on kunta K ha C ! na m ko äl V kaupunki Irak toiseksi suurin imis nt lä n, Kreetan saaren kö si yk ja Hanian alue punki. Kunlionin jälkeen siköstä, pääkau yk ue al ä st ljä ennan mukaan män Kreetan ne 2011 väestölask en od vu muun ui as nassa ovat kotoisin ta. Chaniasta as uk ri El as la 0 aa 31 im 8 on 10 ikuttanut ik va sa as nj pa al ja kreikk ainmuassa Es a Mouskouri an N a aj a on ul la Greco, nizélos. Chani Elefthérios Ve s hania ie C om a. lti ss va io en joiden suos ili ka at m s yö anian kansainnykyään m ella sijaitsee H ol pu is ill ko n entojen lähtö- ja kaupungi on tärkeä lomal ka jo a, m se oa nt välinen le . saapumispaikka

Sights | Spectacles | Sehenswürdigkeiten | Достопримечательности Att göra | Nähtävyydet | Seværdigheder | Attraksjoner | 景点

Ekklesiastic Museums - Monastery of Holy Trinity of Tzagarolon, Αkrotiri. Tel. 28210 63310. Open: 8:00-20:00 - Gouverneto Monastery, Αkrotiri. Tel. 28210 63319 - Monastery of Chrissopigi, Chania. Tel. 28210 91125 - Monastery of Gonia, Kissamos . Tel. 28240 22313

Centre of Mediterranean Architecture Chania, 31 Αkti Tombazi, Venetian Harbour. Tel. 28210 40101/40201

War Museum Tzobanaki Cassern. Tel. 28210 44156. Open: 9:00-13:00 (except Sat. & Sun.)

Villa Koundourou (Youth Centre and Municipal Cultural Workshop) Chania, 2 Iroon Politechniou str. Tel. 28210 53730/40896. Open: 9:00-14:00 and 18:00-21:00

Chemistry Museum 34c Eleftherios Venizelos str. Tel. 28210 42504. Open: 9:00-13:00 (except Sat. & Sun.) Byzantine and Folklore Museum of Spilia, Kissamos Tel. 28240 22080/22357. Open: 17:00-18:00, Sat. 11:00-12:00

Institute of Cretan Justice Nearchou str., Chania. Open: 10:00-14:00

“Chrissostomos” Literary Association Chania, 83 Halidon str. Tel. 28210 53879 Municipal Art Gallery Chania, 98 Halidon str. Tel. 28210 92294/92419

Typography Museum, VIOPA, Souda Tel. 28210 51003. Open: 10:00-18:00

Venizelion School of Music 5 N. Foka str. Tel. 28210 43067/52582. Open: 8:00-14:00 and 17:00-21:00

Museum of National Resistance, Therisso Open all year round

Lyceum for Greek Girls 1 K. Mitsotaki str. Tel. 28210 42465/59444

House of Eleftherios Venizelos a. Mournies, Kydonia. Tel. 28210 93132/95250. Open: 18:00-21:00. b. Elena Venizelou sqr., Halepa, Chania (Eleftherios K. Venizelos Foundation). Tel. 28210 56008

Cultural Centre of the Metropolis 2 Ant. Giannari str. Tel. 28210 27807-9 Intellectual Centre of Chania 70 A.Papandreou str. Tel. 28210 40525

Mosque of Kioutsouk Hasan (Yali-Tzamisi) Venetian Harbour. Tel. 28210 83235/83232 Park for the Preservation of Flora and Fauna Technical University of Crete, Akrotiri. Τel. 28210 55988. Open: Mon.-Sat. Arts & Crafts Village, VIOPA, Souda Τel. 28210 80132/81410. Open: 10.00-14.30 School Life Museum, Νerokourou Τel. 28210 74764. Open: Mon.-Fri. 9.00-13.30, Mon. & Wed. 18.00-20.30, Sat. 10.00-13.00 Archaeological Museum of Kissamos Τel. 28220 83308. Open: 8.30-15.00 (except Mondays) Olive Museum-Institute of Olive & Subtropicals Τel. 28210 83476/83428. Open: 8.00-14.00 via phone arrangement Sea Life & Fishery Museum, Kolimbari Τel. 28240 23299. Open: 10.00-18.00 (exc. Sat.-Sun.) An. Skalidis Museum, Perivolia, Kissamos Τel. 28220 61052. Frontier Museum of Europe, Paleochora Τel. 28230 42265.Open: Οct.-Μay Mon.-Fri. 10.00-13.00, June-Sept. Wed.-Sun. 10.00-13.00 & 18.00-21.00


Beaches | Plages | Strände | пляжи | Strande | Strender | Stränder | Rannat | 海滩 Numerous beautiful beaches with soft sand or coloured pebbles are found in the prefecture of Chania. All beaches have crystalline waters and look like paradise. Afrata: Type: Pebbles - Distance: 28km west of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, parking, cafe, snack Agia Marina: Type: Sand - Distance: 9km west of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, parking, cafés, snack, beach bars, tavernas, restaurants, water sports, accommodation, all Inclusive Hotels, pharmacies, doctors, ATM cashpoint machines, super markets, shops, car rentals Agia Roumeli: Village on the south coast of Chania prefecture, between Chora Sfakion and Sougia. Type: Pebbles - Facilities: Showers, umbrellas and sunbeds, cafe, snack, tavernas, accommodation, mini market, ferry boat trips Agioi Apostoli: Type: Sand - Distance: 3km west of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, water sports, lifeguard, free parking area, cafes, snack, beach bars, tavernas, restaurants, accommodation, taxi station, bus stop, mini markets, super markets, tourist offices and car rental offices Almirida: Type: Sand - Distance: 23km east of Chania Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, water sports, windsurfing school, cafes, beach bars, restaurants, accommodation, mini markets, ATM cashpoint machines Balos Beach: Type: Sand - Distance: 55km west of Chania town Facilities: Canteens, umbrellas and sunbeds Chora Sfakion: Type: Pebbles - Facilities: Restaurants, cafes, shops Crissi Akti Beach: Type: Sand - Distance: 2.5km west of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, water sports, volley ball courts, children’s playground, parking, cafes, snack, beach bars, tavernas, restaurants, accommodation, super markets, taxi station Drapanias: Type: Sand - Distance: 33km west of Chania town Facilities: Showers, umbrellas and sunbeds, cafe, snack, restaurants, tavernas, accommodation, campsite, bakery, mini market Elafonissi: Type: Sand - Distance: 75 km from Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, parking, canteen, cafe, taverns, accommodation, mini market Falasarna: Type: Sand - Distance: 59km west of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, water sports, volley ball court, lifeguard, parking, cafes, snack, beach bars, tavernas, restaurants, accommodation Frangokastello: Type: Sand - Distance: 80km southeast of Chania Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, cafes, restaurants, fish taverns, shops, mini market, accommodation Georgioupoli: Type: Sand - Distance: 38km east of Chania Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguards, water sports, cafes, beach bars, restaurants, accommodation, mini markets, super markets, shops, ATM cashpoint machines Gerani: Type: Sand - Distance: 15km west of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, water sports, lifeguard, parking, cafés, snack, bars, beach bars, restaurants, accommodation, all Inclusive hotels, shops, pharmacy, super markets Gialiskari/Anidri Beach: Type: Sand/Pebbles - Distance: 74km south of Chania Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, two canteens

Elafonissi

Kalathas Beach: Type: Sand - Distance: 13km north east of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, parking, cafes, snack, restaurants, water sports, accommodation, mini markets, souvenir shops Kalives: Type: Sand - Distance: 19km east of Chania Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, water sports, windsurfing school, cafes, beach bars, restaurants, accommodation, mini markets, ATM cashpoint machines Kedrodassos: Type: Sand - Distance: 74km south west of Chania town Kisamos (Mavros Molos): Type: Sand - Distance: 36km west of Chania Facilities: Showers, umbrellas and sunbeds, cafes, snack, restaurants, tavernas, accommodation, shops, mini markets, super markets, ATM’s, doctor’s offices

Agii Apostoli

Kolymvari (Kolymbari): Type: Sand/Pebbles - Distance: 23km west of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, water sports, parking, cafe, snack, tavernas, restaurants, accommodation, mini markets Koundoura/Krios Beach: Type: Pebbles - Distance: 80km south of Chania Facilities: Umbrellas, sunbeds, parking, canteen Kyani Akti Beach: Type: Sand - Distance: 18km east of Chania Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, water sports, parking, canteens, restaurants, tavernas Loutraki Beach: Type: Sand - Distance: 16km east of Chania Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, water sports, parking, cafes, snack, restaurant, accommodation Loutro: Type: Pebbles - Distance: 71km south of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, cafe, snack bars, restaurants, fish taverns, accommodation, mini markets, souvenir shops Maleme: Type: Sand - Distance: 17km west of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, parking, cafés, snack, restaurants, water sports, accommodation, mini markets, souvenir shops, pharmacies Marathi Beach: Type: Sand - Distance: 16km east of Chania Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, water sports, parking, cafes, snack, restaurants, accommodation

Falassarna

Marmara Beach: Type: Pebbles - Distance: 85km south of Chania town Facilities: Pachia Ammos: Type: Sand - Distance: 71km south of Chania Facilities: Umbrellas, sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, water sports, beach bar, cafes, restaurants, taverns, accommodation Platanias: Type: Sand - Distance: 10km west of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, parking, cafe, snack, beach bars, restaurants, water sports, accommodation, all inclusive hotels, pharmacies, doctors, ATM cashpoint machines, super markets, shops, car rentals, playgrounds, mini golf courts Sougia: Type: Pebbles - Distance: 60km south of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, parking, cafes, bars, restaurants, taverns, fish taverns, mini markets, bakery, accommodation

Balos

Stalos Beach: Type: Sand - Distance: 7km west of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, parking, cafés, snack, beach bars, restaurants, water sports, accommodation, all inclusive hotels, pharmacies, doctors, ATM cashpoint machines, super markets, shops, car rentals

Glyka Nera Beach: Type: Pebbles - Distance: 75km south of Chania Facilities: Canteen, umbrellas

Stavros Beach: Type: Sand - Distance: 17km east of Chania Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, water sports, parking, cafe, beach bars, tavernas, restaurants, accommodation, mini markets

Grammeno Beach: Type: Sand/Pebbles - Distance: 75km south of Chania Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, parking, beach bars, restaurants, accommodation

Tavronitis: Type: Pebbles - Distance: 18km west of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, parking, cafés, snack, beach bars, restaurants, water sports, accommodation, all inclusive hotels, mini market

Kalamaki: Type: Sand - Distance: 4km west of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, water sports, lifeguard, parking, cafes, snack, beach bar, tavernas, restaurants, accommodation

Tersanas Beach: Type: Sand - Distance: 13km nort east of Chania town Facilities: Umbrellas and sunbeds, showers, lifeguard, water sports, parking, cafe, snack, restaurant, accommodation, mini markets, souvenir shops, pharmacies

Georgioupolis


FROM CHANIA TO

BOTANICAL PARK

2,70 €

RETHYMNON

6,80 €

CHORA SFAKION

8,30 €

HERAKLION

15,10 €

SOUGIA

7,80 €

SAMARIA GORGE

15,70 €

PALEOCHORA

8,30 €

PLATANIAS AGIA MARINA

2,10 € 1,80 €

SEITAN LIMANIA

3,00 €

(round

trip, return from Chora Sfakion)

ELAFONISI

11,00 €

FALASARNA

8,30

KISSAMOS PORT

6,80

CHANIA AIRPORT

2,50 €

PATRA IOANNINA

21,50 € 45,00 €

THESSALONIKI

42,00 €

FROM RETHYMNON TO HERAKLION

8,30

BALI

3,80 €

ARKADI

3,10 €

PREVELI AGIA GALINI

5,00 € 6,70

ELEFTHERNA MUSEUM 3,30 €

Αγοράστε online το εισιτήριο σας You can buy online your ticket

Kydonias & Parth. Kelaidi, Chania 73100 Informations : 2821 093052 Storehouse : 2821 97497

www.e-ktel.com email: info@e-ktel.gr Kefalogiannidon Street, Rethymnon 74100 Informations : 2831 022785 Storehouse : 2831 022659


Gorges/Caves | Gorges/Grottes | Schluchten/ Höhlen | ущелья/ пещеры | Kløfter/Huler | Klyfta/ Grottor | Rotkoja/Luolia | 峡谷/洞穴 The area enables the individual hiker to explore the nature and the beauty of the county via routes that are unparalleled beauty. The most appropriate to inform the interested visitor is the Mountaineering Club of Chania. The E4 Path begins in the Pyrenees mountains across Greece, arrives at Kissamos, across Crete to Kato Zakros and finally arrives in Cyprus. As far as the track is part of the prefecture of Chania, it passes from coastal areas and the White Mountains. The main routes of the European path are the following : Kasteli Kissamou – Sfinari (Length: 22,5 km, Best season: Spring – Autumn) Sfinari – Chrysoskalitisa Monastery (Length: 32 km, Best season: Spring – Autumn) Chrysoskalitisa - Palaiochora (Length: 22 km, Best season: Spring – Autumn) Sougia – Agia Roumeli (Length: 13 km, Best Season: All year) Loutro - Fragokastelo (Length : 19,5 km, Best Season: All year) Sougia - Koustogerako-Omalos (Length: 24,5 km, Best season: Spring – Autumn) Agia Triada - Gouverneto – Katholiko (Route Difficulty: Very Easy, Route Duration: 2 Hours, Visit Period : All Year) Gorge of St Irene – Sfakia (Route Duration: 3 Hours, Route Length: 8 km Visit Period : All Year , Route Difficulty: Normal) Paleochora - Sougia (Route Difficulty: Easy, Route Length: 14,5 m Route Duration: 6 Hours, Visit Period : All Year) National Park of Samaria (Route Difficulty: Easy, Route Duration: 6 Hours Route Length: 16 km, Visit Period : May-October) Gavdos (Route Difficulty: Very Easy, Visit Period : May-October) Douliana – Gavalohori (Route Difficulty: Easy, Route Duration: 1 Hours, Visit Period : All Year) On the Summit of Kigilos (Route Difficulty: Normal, Route Duration: 7 Hours, Visit Period : All Year) Agia Roumeli - Agios Ioannis (Route Difficulty: Easy, Route Duration: 5 Hours, Visit Period : All Year) Gorge of Polyrrenia (Route Difficulty: Easy, Route Duration: 3 Hours, Visit Period : All Year) Sasalos-Makronas (Halase gorge) (Route Difficulty: Normal, Route Duration: 4 Hours )

The Gorge of Imbros in Sfakia Route Duration: 2 Hours, Route Length: 8 km The Gorge of Agia Irini in Selino Route Duration: 3 Hours, Route Length: 7.5 km The Gorge of Aradena in Sfakia Route Duration: 2.5 Hours, Route Length: 5.5 km The Gorge of Elygia The Gorge of Trypitis Route Duration: 8.5 Hours The Gorge of Diktamou Route Duration: 3.5 Hours The Gorge of Therisso or Eleutheriou Venizelou Route Length: 6 km The Gorge of Chalase or Sasalou Route Duration: 4 Hours The Gorge of Prasse Route Duration: 2 Hours The Gorge of Kavi or Iligga Route Duration: 3 Hours The Gorge of Asfendou Route Duration: 3 Hours The Gorge of Kalikrati Route Duration: 3 Hours The Gorge of Katholikou Route Duration: 0.5 Hours Mountain Shelters Kallergi Capacity: 45, Route Difficulty: Easy, Route Duration: 1 Hours Visit Period : April-October Svourikti - Holiopoulos Capacity: 20, Route Difficulty: Easy, Route Duration: 3 Hours Tavri Capacity: 40, Route Difficulty: Very Easy, Route Duration: 1.5 Hour, Route Length: 7.7 km Volikas Capacity: 30, Route Duration: 3 Hour Caves Cave of Panos or Lera The cave “Panos or Lera” is developed in Mount Vardies, at an altitude of 70m., in the settlement Stavros Kydonias. It consists of an “antechamber” and four rooms with chiselled cavities, which have been explained as places for the welcome of statues. Cave of Asfentos The cave “of Asfentos” is situated at the position”Skordolakia”, at the westeastern part of the beginning of the gorge of Asfentos . Cave of Agia Sofia The cave of “Agia Sofia” is at the western walls of the gorgo of Topolia, at a distance of 47 km from the city of Chania. It consists of two rooms on different levels.

Gorges The Gorge of Samaria Route Length: 18 km, Route Duration: 7 Hours, Visit Period : May-October

We propose... you choose | Nous vous proposons ... vous choisissez | Schlagen wir vor, Sie wählen ... | мы предлагаем ... вы выбираете Vi foreslår ... du vælger | Vi föreslår ... du väljer | Foreslår vi ... du velger | Ehdotamme ... valitset | 我们建议...你选择 MUNICIPALITY OF CHANIA Municipal Market The Municipal Market of Chania, the large building of 4000 square meters in a surrounding area of 17.200 square meters, is the “heart” of the city. It is an original building that, apart from a business activity center, also provides a concrete image of the ancient Greek marketplace. Great for shopping tradiotional Cretan products. Venizelos Tombs One of the most popular spots offering a panoramic view of Chania are the Venizelos family tombs, a few kilometres east of the city, on the road to Akrotiri and the airport. Old Harbour Chania’s old Venetian Harbor is the most picruresque and world wide known site seen of the hole Crete. Lots of choices to drink your coffee, to have lunch or dinner in the restaurants or enjoy shopping time. Stavros Stavros is located on Akrotiri, only 13km from Chania, 3km from the airport and 10km from Souda harbour. One of the finest beaches for swimming. British Commonwealth War Cemetery in Souda Bay The War cemetery is a quiet and restful place for the allied forces who lost their lives here on the Battle of Crete in 1941. Aghia Marina Agia Marina is one of the most important tourist resorts of Chania. Great beach for swimming and lots of choices for shopping, eating and clubbing. MUNICIPALITY OF PLATANIAS Thodorou Just a few miles to the north west of the port of Chania. The island is a nature reserve and it is therefore forbidden to go ashore, except that is for one day a year (8 June), when visitors are allowed to take the path to the church and back in order to worship. Platanias The heart of tourism in western Crete. Everything can be found in Platanias... swimming, eating, clubbing, shopping. A “must” place to visit or stay. All days and all nights are different in Platanias and you will find out why. Maleme German Cemetery

The cemetery is 3km south up the winding paved road. The 4,465 men buried here fell in the Battle of Crete in May of 1941. The Germans landed at the small airport of Maleme when they attacked Crete. Samaria Gorge If you come to Chania and you don’t pass through the Samara Gorge then your visit is just... incomplete. The Samariá Gorge is a National Park of Greece, a major tourist attraction of the island and a World’s Biosphere Reserve. A must for visitors to Crete is to complete the walk down the gorge from the Omalos plateau to Agia Roumeli on the Libyan Sea. The village of Samariá lies just inside the gorge. It was finally abandoned by the last remaining inhabitants in 1962 to make way for the park. MUNICIPALITY OF SFAKIA Frangokastello The castle of Frangokastello stands since centuries. It reminds of the Venetians, Turks and Greeks, battles and blood, slaughters and sacrifices. The legends are still alive, taking us in their own world and left the “Drosoulites”, visiting us again some magic mornings. Sfakia The south-eastern region of the Prefecture of Chania is called Municipality of Sfakia and includes the villages Hora Sfakion, Anopoli, Agios Ioannis, Agia Roumeli, Asfendou, Loutro, Patsianos, Skaloti, Impros, Askifou and Fragkokastello. The distamce to Chania is about 70 kilometres. Entire Sfakia is characterized by the natural beauty of wild mountainous landscape which is combined unique with the sea. Loutro The village was named by the baths that were found there. The water was coming from Anopoli. Between the old buildings that you can see there, there is also the goverment building that was used during the revolution at 1821. From Loutro you can visit the ruins of ancient Aradenas with the Byzantine church of archangel Michail and Anopolis. Perfect place for a weekend escape. Aghia Roumeli It is a coastal settlement in south-western Crete and it allocates a wide beach while the access is feasible only with boats from Hora Sfakion, via Loutro and from Palaiochora or Sougia, while the village does not allocate road access. Constitutes popular tourist destination because it is located at the southern entry of the Gorge of Samaria, the biggest gorge in Greece and one of the biggest in Europe with a length of 18 kilometres.

MUNICIPALITY OF APOKORONAS Kalyves Picturesque village located about 20 kilometres east of Chania, in one of the greenest areas of Greece. The village It is surrounded by wonderful sandy beaches with crystalline waters like Kalyves and Kiani Akti. Good place for shopping with lots of traditional tavernas. Just 3 km away is Almyrida, with traditional travernas to enjoy lunch after your swimming. Georgioupolis A resort village 43 km east of Chania, about 22 km west of Rethymno. Formerly a small fishing village, Georgioupolis is very much a tourist town now, with many cafés, tavernas and small hotels and apartment blocks. MUNICIPALITY OF KANDANOS-SELINO Sougia Located in a distance of 70 roughly km south-western of Chania. It is built in the ruins of the ancient Syias where mainly in the Roman and first Byzantine period people lived here. Saved ruins are vaulted graves and water reservoirs from the Roman period and a church from the 4th century with eminent mosaics. Nice beach where you can have free camping. Paleochora Located in the south-western part of the prefecture. The distance to Chania is about 70 kilometres. It is built on a peninsula between two beautiful bays where it is rained by the Lybian Sea and it is right to consider it the “Nymph of the Lybian Sea” and “Land of the sun”. The movement in the region is high in summertime, on one side from the excursionists choosing it as the harbour of departure to the Island of Gavdos, Sougia, Agia Roumeli, Loutro and Sfakia and return from the Samaria Gorge, on the other from the holiday-makers that select it as a place of their summer vacations.Palaiochora has all the benefits the visitor needs as banks, doctors, supermarket, drugstores, police, post, Hellenic Telecommunications Organization, port authority, custom, cinema, bars, disco, and rented cars.

reserve. On the mainland the 17th century Chrysoskalitissa Monastery is approximately 5 km from the island. One of the best places for swimming in the whole world MUNICIPALITY OF KISSAMOS Falassarna May be the best beach on earth, as awarded by its visitors. The place to be for swimming. Also, don’t miss the great party the first weekend of August. Gramvousa-Balos At the north western point of Crete you will find Gramvousa, a small island with an impregnable castle, a fortress, a masterpiece of the 16th century, and Balos, the unique lagoon of Crete, with its blue green waters, it pink sandy beach and famous shells! An impressive and unique environment of steep rocks and cliffs, an immense blue sea and hidden sandy beaches, and the serene lagoon of Balos, combines with the remains of the long lasting history of the region: monasteries, churches and the imposing castle of Imeri Gramvousa. MUNICIPALITY OF GAVDOS Gavdos is a small island which is located 26 naval miles (48 kilometres) southern of Crete and it’s extent is 27 square kilometres. It is the most southern Greek and simultaneously European point with population of 98 residents. Perfect for a daily cruise.

Elafonissi When the weather is fine it is possible to walk to the island through the shallow water. The island is a protected nature

Culture | Kultur | Kультура | Kulttuuri | 文化 A first-time visitor to Chania is surprised by the great number of buildings and monuments on which can be found traces of its great history and rich civilisation. The old town, on and around the hill of Kasteli, was built upon the ruins of Minoan Kydonia and is surrounded by the Byzantine wall, the Venetian wall and the sea. The Minoan civilisation left behind grand tombs, interesting ceramics and objects. During its occupation by the Venetians and the Turks, people of different nationality, culture and religion co-existed. Christians (Catholic and Orthodox), Jews and Muslims, have left discernible traces and produced particularly interesting creations. In the neighbourhood of Topanas with its narrow paved streets, the visitor meets Venetian manors with elaborately decorated facades and Turkish houses with architectural protrusions. There we can find Fort Firkas, the Naval Museum and the church of San Salvatore of the Francheskan Monks (15th - 17th cent. AD) which hosts the Byzantine collection of Chania. The collection of ΙLΑΕΚ and many shops offering traditional

handicrafts can also be found there. In the old Jewish neighbourhood there is the synagogue and on Halidon street the folklore museum (Cretan house) and the church of St. Frangiskos. The church hosts the town’s archaeological museum and houses treasures from the Minoan to the Hellenistic period. Opposite there is the Metropolitan temple of Isodia (representation of the Virgin Mary) with its exquisite hagiographies and close to that are the old Turkish baths. In the area of Sintrivani, around the homonymous square, there is the mosque of Kiuchouk Hasan (1645) and opposite that the quay with the Venetian lighthouse. A little further away, 7 out of the original 17 docks (Neoria) can be found (14th-16th cent. AD). Eye-capturing is the Great Arsenal, which today is used as a convention and exhibition centre. Along the harbour, small cafeterias and restaurants create an inviting atmosphere. On the hill of Kasteli there are still parts of the old Rector’s palace and its court and the engraving on a lintel over a door

reminds us of the existence of Venetian Archives. Near there, the excavation of ancient Kydonia and the ruins of the church of St. Maria of Mirakoli (1615) are located. At the “stivanadika”, which is still characterised by Eastern features, one can buy leather goods. Next to that is the building of Chrisostomos and the new public Art Gallery. In the old Turkish neighbourhood Splantzia is the square of the former monastery οf St. Nicholas (1204) with a bell-tower and minaret. The small church of the period of enlightenment’s of St. Rokkos (1630) can also be found there. Near that is the church of St. Anargyroi (16th cent. AD) with its priceless hagiographies and St. Catherine’s church. Outside the walls, to the east of the old town, we come across Koum-Kapi where during the last years of the Turkish occupation, Beduins built a village. Today the area is a favourite meeting place for young people. In the neighbourhood of Halepa there is the palace of Prince George, the house of Eleftherios Venizelos, the French School

(1860), the church of St. Magdalea (1903) and the church of Evangelismou. From later periods the following places are of interest: the manor “Villa Koundourou”, a workshop of fine arts and a youth centre, the municipal park (1870) with its clock, the market (built 1913, cross-shaped building with hundreds of small shops), the park of peace and friendship of people, the court house, the prefecture, the Venizelion School of Music, the Historic Archives Museum, the War Museum and the Museum of Chemistry. In the neighbourhoods outside the walls there are many neoclassical buildings with beautiful gardens which smell of hyacinth, honey suckle and rose trees. At the border of the town with the cape (Akrotiri) are the graves of Eleftherios and Sofocles Venizelos. The town of Chania, the first capital of Crete, kept its historical heritage of so many centuries almost unaffected. Its atmosphere attracted scientists, philosophers, poets and artists of different origins and it became a cultural centre.


Churches/Monasteries | Eglises/Μonastères | Kirchen/Klöster | Церкви/монастыри | Kirker/Κlostre | Kyrkor/Κloster | Kirkot/Luostarit | 教堂和修道院 The Holy Patriarchal and Stavropegic Monastery of Chrysopigi lies a short distance from the town of Chania on the route to Souda harbour. Operation Hours: 08.00-12.00 and 15.30-18.00 Telephone: (+30)2821091125, (+30)2821029840 The monastery of Agia Triada of Tzagarolon is one of the richest and most beautiful monasteries in Crete. It is built near the airport of Chania, in the position Tzobomylos of the Cape Melecha and at the foothills of Stavros Mount. The distance from Chania is only 15km. Gouverneto Monastery. The actual Monastery complex was built from 1537 till 1548. According to tradition, it was connected with miraculous St John the Hermit, and was used for the housing of the Saint’ s pilgrims. Telephone: (+30)2821063319

Katholiko monastery is located 20km east of Chania, near the northern shores of Cape Akrotiri. It is located near the exit of the gorge Avlaki, at a short distance from the sea. The monastery of Panagia Chrisoskalitissa is located 72km south of Chania, very close to the magnifi cent lagoon of Elafonissi. It operates as a nunnery and reminds of a fortress, perched on a 35m high rock with boundless sea views. The Monastery of Saint George in Karydi (in Apokoronas Province) is located about 2km east of Vamos village. The monastery was abandoned for many years but was restored in 1996 and today it is operating normally. Monastery of Pasinos. It is a complex of monasteries built during the Venetian rule (16th century). It architectural style is western, the church being placed in the centre of the complex.

St George of Mythimna - Kisamos. The single-room, vaulted church of St George in the archeological site of Methymna, near Drapania of Kisamos, was built during the fi rst half of the 15th century, in the place of a late Roman Bath. The Holy Monastery of Partenon or Life-Giving Spring was founded by the Bishop of Kisamos & Selinon Anthimos Leledakis in 1905-1910. It was renovated between 1962 and 1965, by Bishop Irineos Galanakis. Early Christian Basilica at Almyrida Apokoronou. It is an early Christian three-aisled basilica of the second half of the 6th century. The church of St George in the centre of Kournas, a settlement with interesting folk architecture. It was built at the end of the 12th century.

Places to visit | Lieux à visiter | Orte zu besuchen | Места для посещения | Steder å besøke | Steder at besøge | Sevärdheter | Käyntikohteita | 景点

Ancient Aptera This site is located 15 km South-east of Chania, near the village Megala Chorafi a. The strategic location of the city with two ports, Minoa (modern Marathi) and Kissamos (near Kalives today) at the entrance of the natural bay, which guaranteed the possibility to control the movement of trade, boosted its growth. Ancient Falasarna The site of the ancient Falassarna located on the western edge of Cap Gramvousa the west coast of Crete. The town was surveyed again in the 19th century by English tourists, who identified the village and closed the port. Ancient Lissos The ruins of Lissos are saved between Paleochora and Sougia. It

was the port city of Dorian Elyros. It fl ourished in the Hellinistic, Roman and the fi rst Vyzantine period and destroyed by the Saracens Arabs. It also issued its own currency, as Lissos. Ancient Tara (St. Roumeli) The ruins of the ancient city Taras found at south coast of Crete near the village of Agia Roumeli. The city fl ourished particularly during the Roman era. They found the remains of a temple, possibly dedicated to Artemis and Apollo. Souda’s Castle The castle is built on the islet of Souda, and protected the port of Souda and Chania. It occupies almost the entire island. Built in 1715 and surrendered to the Ottomans in 1715. On February 14 the Greek fl ag was raised, lowering the Turkish and giving the signal that there is now the Greek sovereignty over

the island of Crete. Archaeological site of ancient Anopolis The archaeological site of ancient Anopolis located 87 km south of Chania. Anopolis was an independent city during the classical times and fl ourished during the Roman and Byzantine times. Firkas Castle Castle Firkas was built in the 16th century by the Venetians to protect the city of Chania. There Venizelos declared the offi cial union of Crete with Greece. Today it hosts the Maritime Museum and a small theater. Intzedin Castle Located 14 km east of Chania. Has been characterized as his-

torical monument. Built in 1872 in the position of the tower was built in 1646 by the Turks, who drove the Venetians. The name comes from the name of the son of Sultan Abdul Aziz Intzedin. Has been used as a prison for political prisoners, among them which has been the El. Venizelos. During the dictatorship of Pangalos many dissidents jailed, and when the dictatorship fell, Pangalos was imprisoned there too. Finally, from the isolation rooms of Yaros, in 1948, the fi rst communist political prisoners were moved there.

Ancient Polirinia The ancient city was Polirinia in place of the village Polirinia Kissamos, 49 km west of Chania. At the top of the hill was the citadel of which was T-shaped, from where the view was immense, from Crete to the Libyan Sea, which stretched the realm.

Cultural events | Evénements culturels | Kulturelle Veranstaltungen | Культурные мероприятия | Kulturarrangementer | Kulturelle begivenheder | Kulturevenemang | Kulttuuritapahtumat | 文化活动 May: - Celebration of the battle of Crete. It includes events commemorating those who were killed and several cultural events. - “Koresia” athletic games Canoe kayak at Kournas Lake. Beginning of summer: Venizelia - Track events at the National Stadium of Chania. May - September: Athletic events in Nea Kydonia which include: Beach volley Beach Soccer - Beach Handball and racket games. July - August - September: - Cultural Summer Events of the municipality of Chania. It includes music and stage performances at the theatre of Eastern Trench, Public Garden, Venizelio music school, Park of Peace and Friendship and other events in several neighbourhoods of

the town. - Cultural summer events are also organised by the municipalities of Kisamos, Apokoronas and Kandanos-Selino. June: - Cherries Festival in Karanou. - 24 June: Festivity of St. Ioannis Klidonas, in Fres, Akrotiri, Perivolia, Therisso, Vamvakopoulo. - 29 June - 6 July: Naval week festival. July: - Festival of Kalitsouni cheese pie, in Kandanos.

Religious events | Evénements religieux | Religiöse Veranstaltungen Религиозные события | Religiøse begivenheder | Religiøse begivenheter Religiösa evenemang | Uskonnollisiin tilaisuuksiin | 宗教活动

Asi Gonia, St. George’s Day, April 23rd or after Easter Day: A big festival. All the shepherds of the area bring their animals to the mass in order to be blessed, then they milk them and distribute the milk to the pilgrims. Agios Ioannis Sfakion, St John’s Feast, May 8th: Traditional festival of Sfakia. Azogyre, The Holy Fathers’ Feast, October 7th: In the beautiful village with the visitable impressive cave of the Holy Fathers. Elos, Agios Dikaios,May 6th: Extraordinary view and a unique fair. Lissos, St Kyrikos, July 15th: The pilgrims start arriving ancient Lissos on foot or in boats from Sougiaγια early in the afternoon of the previous day. A real fair of Selino in a mythical place. Sembronas, Apopigadi, St. John’s, June 24th: One of the feasts, that take place on a very high location, with an incredible view. Sougia, Harey, St. Antony 1-2 of July: Unique traditional fair at the seaside small church which is situated in Harey. The route on foot from through the E4 path that lead from Sougia to Agia Roumeli lasts two hours with the unique background of the Lybian sea and piney slopes. It is possible to go there also by boat from Sougia. Overnight stay outdoor.

Therisso, Assumption of the Mother of God, August 15th: In the beautiful village where Eleftherios Venizelos declared the revolution of 1905.

- Naval week in the old harbour and every second year in Palaiochora and Georgioupolis. - 21-28 July: Elafonisia - Municipality of Kissamos. Including memorial service at the monument of Elafonisi, athletic games, performances, festivity in honour of the elderly and traditional treat. - 26 July: “Promotion of Kisamos” - Club, Grambousa pilgrimage excursion from the port of Kisamos to Balos and to

the island of Grambousa. - 30 July: “Pottery Festival” in Nohia.

- 30-31 July: Wine festival in Vouves. August: - First Sunday of August: Blessing of the fruit of the earth at the Monastery of Archangel Michael (Rotonda) Kato Episkopi. - 8-9 August: Wine festival in Vouves. - 1-10 August: Venetian Harbour of Chania photography exhibition for Chania Music Tradition. - 16 August: Honey Festival in Afrata. September: - 1-10 September: Sardine festival in Nea Chora and in Souda. - 27 September: World Day of Tourism. Festive events at the old harbour of Chania. End of October or beginning of November: - Chestnut festival in Prases and Elos.

<< The little sea village of Loutro, just 30 minutes from Chora Sfakion by ANENDYK Ferries. Excellent choice for a weekend “escape”. Great beach and good tavernas all over the place.

Sfakia, Thymiani Panagia, last Sunday of May. Chrysoskalitissa, the Assumption of the Virgin, August 15th: At the beautiful monastery, which is a real «balcony» to the Lybian Sea a famous festival takes place. Frangokastello, St. Nikitas’, September 15th: Big festival during which riding races take place. August 6th, the Transfiguration: Ksirosterni, Tzitzife, Karres of Kissamos, Sassalo August 15th the Assymption of the Virgin: Voulgaro Panagia of the Summit, Kolympari Gonia, Pemonia, Fre, Eksopolis, Litsarda, Alikampos, Kefala, Kalikrati, Koustogerako August 29th,John the Precursor’s: Rodopou Gionas, Douliana, Stylos, Kournas September 8th, Birth of the Mother of Christ: Gavalohori, Tzitzife, Sassalo September 14th, Feast ofthe Holy Cross: Nippos, Rodovani September 15th St. Nikitas’: Kampia

Imeri Gramvousa. There is an old ^^ shipwreck of a small cargo ship dating from 1968. << Everyone who comes to Crete is going to Platanias, the most famous place in Chania Prefecture. Full of tourists every summer, with sandy beaches, lots of stores, night clubs, restaurants and cafes.


CHANIA... THEN (a photographic journey through time by G. Fantakis-St. Aggelakis/ART STUDIO, 18 Dimokratias str., +30 28210 43150)

Santrivani Square

Venetian Old Harbour

Dimokratias str.

Archbishopâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s House

General Tzanakakis str.

Halidon str.

Band playing music just outside Papadakis Patisserie

The Old Town Hall at Santrivani Square

The Halepa Neighborhood

Santrivani Square

Venetian Old Harbour

Dimokratias str.

Archbishopâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s House

General Tzanakakis str.

Halidon str.

No band playing music today, but our harbour is always magic

The Old Town Hall at Santrivani Square

The Halepa Neighborhood

AND... NOW!!! (same places but different time by P. Mpouzis)


Cretan flora and fauna | Flore et la faune crétois | Kretische Flora und Fauna | Kритские флора и фауна | Kretiske flora og fauna Kretensiske flora og fauna | Kretensiska flora och fauna | Kreetalainen kasvisto ja eläimistö | 克里特岛动植物 The climate and t he conf igurat ion of t he l and ma ke t he count y of C hani a a p aradis e for t hous ands of pl ants and anima ls. L i lys of t he s e a (p ancrat ium mar it imum), l avd ano (l avd anum), c ycl amen (c ycl amen cret ic um), Cret an tu lips (tu lip a cret ic a), maple (acer cret ic us). The endemic and unique ditt any (or iganum dic t amum), ma lot ira (f ider it is cret ic a) and matzourana (or iganum maiorana), are me dicina l b oi ling pl ants w hich are abund ant. On t he pl ain of Oma los you c an f ind st amnagat hi (ci hor ium spinosum). Dr ie d or f resh ly c ut, t hes e sp e ci a l me dicina l herbs

c an b e found in t he Public Market or lo c a l shops. O ver 1742 unique Cret an pl ants c an a ls o b e found, 10% of w hich exist on ly in t he count y of C hani a. The proud Cret an b e ast (c apra aegag r us cret ic a) lives f re ely on ly in t he Samar i a G orge. There and els e w here, you c an s e e Cret an e ag les (aqui l a chr ys aetos) and p ar t r idges (a le c tor is chukar). Fer rets, skun ks, we as els, hares, haw ks etc. c an a ls o b e s e en in op en pl aces. There is a ls o an ende avour to prote c t an are a on t he nor t h shores of t he count y esp e ci a l ly for t he tur t les (c arett a-c arett a) t hat live t here.

Conference tourism | Le tourisme de conférence | Konferenztourismus | Конференц-туризм Conference turisme | Konferensturism | Conference matkailu | 会议旅游 St. Sofia Foundation - Agii Pantes Tel.: (+30) 2821057043 Orthodox Academy of Crete in Kolympari Tel.: (+30) 2824022060 Fax: (+30) 2824022245 Email: oac@otenet.gr Http: www.oac.gr Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Chania Tel: (+30) 28210 35081, 35080 E-mail: baouraki@maich.gr και confer@maich.gr http://confer.maich.gr Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/pages/

Cultural Centre Of Chania 70, A. Papandreou Street, Hania Tel.: (+30) 28213 44400-4 Cultural Center of the Metropolis - Hania Tel.: (+30) 2821027808 Fax: (+30) 2821027823 Email: imka@grecian.net Http: www.imka.gr Centre of Architecture of Mediterranean (Megalo Arsenali) Tel.: (+30) 2821040201 Fax: (+30) 2821027184 Http: www.kam-arsenali.gr

Information | Informationen | информация | Tiedotus Informasjon | 信息 Emergencies 112, 100, (+30)2821028746/25791 Police (+30)2821025700 Tourist Police (+30)2821028750/25931 Ambulance Service 166 Hospital of Chania (+30)2821022000-9 Naval Hospital of Souda (+30)2821082538/82414 Gavrilakis Clinic (+30)2821070800 Kapakis Clinic (+30)2821052688 Tsepetis Clinic (+30)2821027633 Health Centre of Vamos (+30)2825022580 Health Centre of Kandanos (+30)2823022550 Health Centre of Kissamos (+30)2822022222 Fire Brigade 199 Airport (+30)2821063171/63264 Tourist Information Centre (+30)2821092943/92624

Tourist Information Centre of the Municipality of Chania, (+30)2821036155/36204-6 Weather Forecast 1448 Οrthodox Cathedral (+30)2821043802 Catholic Church (+30)2821093443 Evangelist Church (+30)2821022365 Synagogue (+30)2821086286 Mountain Rescue Club (+30)2821044647/44359 Foreign Embassies: Great Britain (+30)2810 224012 Denmark (+30)2810 243714 Finland (+30)2810 284270 Norway (+30)2810 225991 Sweden (+30)2821060605

Transportation | Transport | Tранспортировка | Kuljetus | 运输 - Airlines: a. OLYMPIC AIRWAYS, 88 Tzanakaki str., tel. 80111 44444, airport: 28210 63818/63633/66088 (www.olympicair.com). b. AEGEAN AIRLINES, 12 El. Venizelou str., tel. 80111 20000, 28210 51100, airport: 28210 63366 (www.aegeanair.com). - Sea Lines: a. ANEK LINES, Sof Venizelou sqr., tel. 28210 27500 (www.anek.gr). Souda to/from Pireas daily. Ticket office (Souda port) tel. 28210 80050/1.

b. ANENDΥΚ (20.30 Promitheos str. VIO.PA Souda), tel. 28210 95511/95530 (www.anendyk.gr), e-mail: anendyk@anendyk.gr, info@anendyk.gr . Sea links between the south ports of the county. - Port Authorities: a. Chania, tel. 28210 98888, e-mail: chania@chg.gr b. Souda, tel. 28210 89240, e-mail: souda@chg.gr c. Kissamos, tel. 28220 22024, d. Paleochora, tel. 28230 41214, e. Chora Sfakion, tel. 28250 91292. e-mail: xsfakion@chg.gr

- Local buses (blue): Departures from Municipal Market sqr. and 1866 sqr. to all districts of the town and surrounding areas, Akrotiri, Souda (port), beaches, etc. Tel. 28210 93345/98115.

- Car and motorbike rentals: There are many international and domestic companies. Information at the Tourist Information Centre of the Greek National Tourism Organisation, 40 Kriari str., tel. 28210 92943/92624.

- Long distance buses (green): Main Bus Station (KTEL), Kydonias str. To Rethimno-Iraklio, Vrisses-Chora Sfakion, Kasteli, Εlafonissi, Kandanos-Paleochora, Sougia, Omalos-Samaria etc. Also to Thessaloniki (via the port of Pireas). Tel. 28210 93306/93052.

- Taxi: Tel. 18300, 28210 94300 (service for disabled people too). - Aeroclub of Chania: Magical flights around the county and the Aegean islands by qualified pilots (or using your own license) in Cessna 4-seat aircraft. Tel. 28210 27272 (www.aer.gr).


The Conversational Nightmare V erbal communication is a two-

p. 32

news & articles

way process but it is easy for someone to take over a conversation to make it just one-way. During conversations how you conduct yourself can be your greatest asset but saying too much depriving others their input can suddenly turn your mouth into your Achilles heel. Using the great attributes of the English language (over 600,000 words in the Oxford Dictionary) have you ever encountered a talkative person who is loquacious, sesquipedalian and is perhaps a conversational narcissist? What? you might exclaim as you scramble for the dictionary or search Google. In layman’s terms: Have you ever met a talkative person who speaks ck on incessantly using long li c r s .g re new epost words who invariably for mo ttp://cret h talk about him/herself? Many people have experienced being in a conversation with someone who takes control of that conversation and doesn’t know when to stop to let others have input; that dominant compulsive talker. You find yourself desperately trying to find their mute switch or if known to you and you have spied them in advance you use your in-built stealth avoidance techniques to prevent brain and ear injuries. Being talkative does not necessarily mean a person will totally dominate a conversation. That person may be articulate or proficient in the subjects that arise or is someone that after a couple of drinks becomes more talkative. Let us be honest with ourselves who does not go into ‘burble mode’ after a few drinks? This is where the adjective loquacious aptly describes the beginning of the ultimate conversational nightmare. A loquacious person is very, very, talkative who for an occasional Nano-second will pause for a breath. As a comparison the standard mother in law joke is appropriate where husband or wife says “I’ve hardly spoken to my mother in law because I don’t want to interrupt her”. A good example of a loquacious person was portrayed in the well-known sitcom of the 70’s Till Death do Us Part. Alf Garnett (Warren Mitchell) al-

ways went into a monologue rant whilst his wife Else, daughter Rita and son-in-law Michael drifted into semi-consciousness. Add to loquacious a sesquipedalian who uses long syllables or big words and the situation can drive you almost crazy. Normally sesquipedalian ‘speak’ is used by intellectuals such as professors and philosophers. If someone gives a sesquipedalian speech, people often assume it was an intellectual speech, even if they don’t really understand the words. Philosopher Jeremy Bentham was the founder of Utilitarianism (ethical philosophy) and was renowned for his sesquipedalian words. In giving an overview of his philosophy in one sentence he said “A man may be said to be partisan to the principle of utility, when the approbation or disapprobation he annexes to any action, or to any measure, is determined by and proportioned to the tendency which he conceives it to have to augment or diminish the happiness of the community”. Phew what a head spinning sentence!!!! What he really meant was that a Utilitarian judge’s things as good or bad based on whether they make people more or less happy. Now factor in a conversational narcissist and you have the worst conversational nightmare. Narcissism comes from Greek mythology about a handsome Greek called Narciussus. He rejected the desperate advances of the nymph Echo due to his overwhelming desire to fall in love with his own reflection in a pool of water. Unable to consummate his love, Narcissus “lay gazing enraptured into the pool, hour after hour” and finally changed into a flower that bears his name, the Narcissus. We all have some mild form of narcissism in us, it is only natural as we have mild vanity, often talk about ourselves and our achievements. According to the dictionary narcissism is far more than the mild form of self-praise it is an inordinate fascination with oneself, excessive self-love, vanity such as self-centeredness, smugness, egocentrism. Narcissism has two basic forms one considered to be a mental disorder (Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)) and

the other without the mental disorder. Many researchers into NPD believe it originates from childhood partially due to parenting styles that over-emphasize a child’s importance, kudos or has criticized fears and failures. The child may hide low self-esteem by developing an outward appearance of perfection and bravado to gain constant admiration. They talk incessantly to cover up past perceived failures, to hide their feelings of a deep sense of shame, humiliation and low self-esteem. Criticism of any kind will be like striking a massive body blow – it hurts them immensely. The narcissists without NPD are the obnoxious type because they feel superior to others, are vain and see nothing wrong with that. They have little or no compassion for the feelings, conditions or circumstances of others. These are people who feel they are entitled to the best of everything and will have contempt even for those who show admiration for them. They have no difficult exploiting others in order to get what they want. It is important to understand that they have no apparent awareness and understanding into the consequences of their actions thus they feel no guilt or compassion. Reasonable examples of this type of narcissist are those seen on Facebook and Twitter who want to be the center of attention. Many celebrities are prime examples as they naturally demand a captive audience. Good interactive conversation only occurs when no one individual seeks to monopolize it. The dominant compulsive talker wants to be highly verbal and seems to lack the art of accurately recognizing or blatantly ignoring social cues that would spark most individuals to stop talking. Dealing with a narcissist can be the most complex unless you’re a ‘mind specialist’ although there are many websites explaining how to tackle a person with this problem. If the person is the talkative obnoxious type your options are at best limited. They do not feel guilt only shame and are all about appearances, and there is the key. If they believe something will hurt their reputation,

they will think twice. Thus you could simply point out the effects to their actions in a subtle manner giving options. On the other hand you could acknowledge what they are saying (tongue in cheek), change the conversation or politely excuse yourself. Narcissists became that way at a fairly early age and can’t now stop. Both types do need help but they are usually very reluctant to seek it. The best advice is to avoid conflict with their opinions you won’t win and only get frustrated. Finding yourself in the position of having to face that talkative nightmare at every available opportunity try to re-direct the conversation to another topic. Large groups allow for easier changes in topics thus opening up the possibilities of more fragmented conversations that takes the focus off the compulsive talker - now they have to do some listening. Do not be afraid to inject some humour to throw compulsive talkers off balance as it creates that pause especially in large groups as laughter erupts. This scenario can be aptly explained through one of Britain’s most memorable sitcoms Only Fools and Horses –scenes in the local pub often showed the cast sat around the table in discussion. There was Del boy lacking cultural refinement blabbering on and Boycie the shady used car salesman the very self-centered person constantly boasting about his high social status and mocking those less fortunate than he (a narcissist?). Suddenly there comes the conversation stopper that all others round the table want. Trigger, through his general stupidity, makes some absolutely ridiculous comment creating that jaw dropping moment or laughter. We have established that some people are naturally talkative but they at least allow people to respond. What can be stated with confidence is never fail to understand that if you are doing all the talking, you will bore somebody. It may be a good idea to set up a self-help organization for those compulsive talkers who totally dominate conversations, there is one for alcoholics. So how about On and On Anon? Gil Holton

Domus Renier Boutique Hotel: New Arrival in Chania

Cretan scientists discover important insecticide resistant the narrow picturesque streets of the mechanism in mosquitoes old town.

The Domus Renier Boutique Hotel,

a place where history and modern architecture coexist, has opened its doors in the heart of the old Venetian Port of Chania and promises memorable accommodation and service. Located right on the seafront, the building that houses the hotel was the former residence of the family of Venetian nobles Renier in the 15th century. This is one of the most important monuments of the history of Cretan Renaissance. The Domus Renier has nine carefully designed luxurious rooms and suites, each with different features. Inspired by the history of the building, renowned architects Aristomenis and Giorgos Varoudakis created a hotel that charms every visitor.

Location is one of the greatest advantages of Domus Renier that makes it stand privileged and proud in the centre of the old Port: most rooms have a view of the lighthouse and the Egyptian Giali Tzamisi (Kioutsouk Hassan mosque). Another advantage of the hotel is the panoramic view to the Venetian harbor and the view to

All rooms feature a smart TV, USB sockets, electronic locks, jacuzzi or hydro massage or rain shower. Complimentary Wi-Fi is provided in all rooms and public areas. The hotel also offers daily turn down service, office services (laptop, tablet, printer use), updated four languages library. The Domus Renier is also the place to experience an authentic taste of Cretan cuisine prepared by Chef Vassilis Sikalias. “The main concern of the Domus Renier team is to offer warm hospitality, high quality service and unique vacation experiences”, the hotel’s management says. news.gtp.gr

A team of Greek scientists have discov-

ered a mechanism by which mosquitoes develop resistance to insecticides. A team from the Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology under the supervision of John Vontas, with head researcher Vssilia Balabanidou, aided by other research instituters and the University of Crete have found a novel and very important insecticide resistance mechanism that mosquitoes carry. Their work improves the understanding of mosquito resistance and could facilitate the development of insecticides with greater potency, thus combatting malaria and other dangerous mosquito related diseases. Their findings were published in the Proceedings National Academy of Science (PNAS). The number of malaria related deaths worldwide amount to 500,000 annually.


EU – Why Britain should leave and Greece should stay The opinion of an Englishman by Hobson Tarrant

In another life I have been a busi-

nessman in Britain but for the last twelve years have chosen to live full time in Crete. This by no means makes me an expert on the EU question but it does qualify me to have an opinion on the matter and this I would like to share... In some ways it seems strange to find Greece battling to stay in the EU whilst the UK decides by its own choice to leave, but in reality the needs of the two countries are almost at the extremes of the EU political and financial spectrum. Greece, looking through my British eyes, is a proud country blessed with beautiful lands and friendly people. on s click ost.gr w e n e But over the past few der ep for mo ttp://cret h cades it has been dragged from the ways of the old world into a

modern Europe. This has created an unprecedented learning and development curve from the old traditions to a new technology and fiscally accountable style of living that some relish yet others find hard to embrace. This period of transition with vast handouts of “New Money” from the EU has created the obvious pockets of abuse, misuse, corruption and frivolous spending that lead to a resulting black hole of debt with very little to show for it. Thus it is no wonder that the historical creditors view its debtor with distrust and any new Greek government has a mountain to climb to rectify the errors of the past. As a result Greece has a very steep hill of repair and realignment before it can start to achieve any form of financial momentum to generate a solution through growth. During this painful period of transi-

tion a strong shoulder of business and financial support is needed and this comes in the form of the EU, warts and all. Meanwhile Britain has a significantly different need. Britain originally joined the EU in the belief that it was purely a vast trading market that was run for the mutual benefit of all of the countries involved. Then along came the British Prime Minister Tony Blair who had designs on becoming the premier of a new European super state and so he worked diligently to integrate Britain, unwittingly, into a snowball of political development. This unwanted inclusion sucked Britain in far tighter that the British peoples ever wished for, and since then the EU machinery has been slowly munching away at all of the factors that once made Britain Great. So became the get out now moment... Stay in the EU and become a back-

water to destiny or get out in order to re-gain British sovereignty and the power to strive forward into a rapidly changing world? The British people made their choice. It’s probably true to say that Britain holds levels of debt not unlike Greece, but sadly for the latter it doesn’t enjoy the same trading balances and business volumes that make the luxury of making such a choice viable at this time. But who knows in the future? Or perhaps the EU will change as many say it should, or must. So in my humble opinion it is right for Britain to leave the EU and for Greece to stay, but I am pleased to say that in both cases the future for both looks far brighter than the recent past and given strong and determined leadership I see both becoming major players in the economic world of the future.

Crete... a paradise... But!!! The opinion of an Englishman by Hobson Tarrant

p. 34

news & articles

Twelve years ago we moved from

Great Britain to live permanently in the Apokoronas area of Crete, since that time we have seen our solitary plot surrounded by new builds and what was once a quiet backwater is now a thriving, picturesque and happy village community. Over the years we have seen significant improvements in the infrastructure of the region, tarmac roads that once were tracks, optical fibre fast broadband internet services, much improved water systems and electrical power of far greater reliability. Yet one thing has stood still or even taken a turn for the worse and that is the abuse and misuse of animals, particularly dogs. Now it has to be said that many Greek people, young and old, have started to treat their dogs with love and respect and the steady rise in high quality Pet shops around the area stands testament to this trend. However walkers and tourists alike cannot help but notice almost every small holding of land bearing a much neglected dog tied tight on a short chain, protected only from the ele-

ments, hot, cold and wet, by a metal barrel or upturned fridge. Imagine if this poor animal were human, they are taken from their mothers, tied by the neck and given a meter or so of radius to walk, sleep and do their toilets for the rest of their lives. They bake in the summer, huddle freezing and wet in the winter, are made to survive by drinking water no better than sewage flow and fed at their masters whim on left over scraps if they are lucky, or sheep pellets with no nutritional value whatsoever until they die from ticks, mites, intestinal worms or simply organ failure

brought on by the lack of proteins to survive. But why are potentially highly intelligent dogs even needed on these plots? To deter thieves? Everyone knows such dogs crave a kind word and the last thing most have the energy for is to frighten off an intruder. To catch rats? The short meter chain ensures this is no real option. To stop the goats from passing I’ve heard stated? Well the many barrel dogs we regu-

larly help cower from the sheep and goats as the latter barge past to devour what few sheep pellets of nourishment are on offer. Furthermore most plots now have stout metal fences that stop any such animals from straying which makes any such claims simply laughable. So what is the solution? This could be very simple... Merely register all dogs at the KEP like an English dog license but without a cost. That way any abused animal could be identified and the owner educated in dog ownership as a first option, or prosecuted if unwilling to learn. But that system was launched a couple of years ago... I hear you say. Well a system is only as good as it’s policing and in questioning its downfall people of authority merely shrug a shoulder despite most good dog owners having complied. Crete is a wonderful land that is full of potential and energy, but if simple rules like animal welfare are ignored by authority because it doesn’t suit local landowners to change their ways, then the country will forever struggle to move forward into the modern world.

Space team scouts UAE sands for lander tests. They also tested the moon rover The onvehicle, Crete! which cost in the region the landing site of Nasa’s last manned $2.5 billion and the technology was

One of the 16 remaining teams in a Google competition that will reward the first privately funded missions to the Moon has landed in the UAE to reconnoitre testing locations for its lunar vehicle. The country’s hot, dry conditions and sandy, rocky terrain are ideal for putting a lunar rover through some of the rigours that will be encountered on the Moon, said Robert Boehme of the Part Time Scientists. “We came to the emirates looking for areas that were as dry and as hot as possible as our mission will encounter extreme day-time temperatures as high as 160° Celsius,” said the founder and chief executive of the Berlin-based company.

of US$750,000 (Dh2.75 million)to build, will need to traverse at least half a kilometre of the Moon’s surface to qualify for the Google Lunar X Prize, a competition that encourages private space ventures by offering $30m in prize money. Made largely of aluminium, the 35 kilogram rover has a top speed of 3.6 kilometres an hour and has already been tested in ice caves in the Austrian Alps and on volcanic terrain on the Greek island of Crete but is yet to be tested on soft sand inclines such as those of the Empty Quarter. Being able to negotiate a variety of terrains is essential to complete its mission of exploring the area close to

mission to the Moon, 1972’s Apollo 17. The Google competition is challenging teams to send back high-definition images and video of the lunar site. The first team to complete the mission will receive $25m, with $5m reserved for second place. Although the competition provided the motivation to set up Part Time Scientists, Mr Boehme said its mission would go ahead regardless of being among the first to complete the tasks. With the venture costing $35m, the prize money would not cover his company’s expenses, he said. “By the time Nasa’s Mars rover was sitting on the launch pad it had cost

already 12 years old. We want to be a part of the reinvention of space exploration and the development of its infrastructure to make it more accessible, up to date and profitable.” Partnerships are the key to a successful commercial mission, said Mr Boehme. Part Time Scientists teamed up with the German car maker Audi to create the Audi lunar quattro. The project proved to be mutually beneficial. “Not only did we learn from them when it came to their vehicle knowhow but they also learnt from our knowledge of space travel,” said Mr Boehme. The National


The Μonumental Οlive Τree of Vouves A symbol of culture and heritage

travel documentary for Crete, broadcasted by German channel Arte/ZDF. The age of the tree was revealed to the journalists by Professor of pomology in the Technological Institute of Crete (TEI), Spyros Lionakis. He said that some of the ancient ol-

ive trees of Crete go as far back as the Minoan Age. Besides the famous tree in Vouves there are 10 other ancient trees in the surrounding area. This natural wealth is what the Olive Museum of Vouves tries to preserve and promote the age old relationship

Sources: •

http://www.olivemuseum-

for mo re http:// news click on cretep ost.gr

vouves.com/pages.aspx?id=2&lang=en •

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olive_tree_ of_Vouves

http://www.oliveoilsource.com/page/olive-tree-pruning

http://en.goodnews.gr/Articles/Theworld%CE%84s-most-ancient-olive-treeaged-3000-years--is-in-Crete_1574.html

http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/ wilderness-resources/photos/the-worlds10-oldest-living-trees/olive-tree-ofvouves

http://www.terracreta.gr/downloads/ conference/images/00_content/galleryalbums/5/index.html

p. 35

sands of kilometers to visit historical places or examine a piece of art. Well, it is time to discover a natural and alive monument, very close to our place. The ancient olive tree of Vouves. The Monumental Olive Tree of Vouves (in greek “Ελιά Βουβών”) is among the 20 ancient olive trees of Crete and it is probably the oldest olive trees in the world that still produces olives. There is a dispute on the exact age of this tree. The use of tree ring analysis has proven the tree to be at least 2000 years old, but scientists from the University of Crete have estimated it to be 4,000 years old. Due to its special aesthetic, ecological and historical characteristics the tree was declared a natural monument in 1997. The impressive ‘olive tree of Vouves grows for centuries in the area where now lies the village AnoVouves, near Kolymvari, 30 kilometers west of Chania. It has a diameter of 4,67 m. and a perimeter of 12,5 m. It started as a wild olive tree and was later domesticated with the ‘tsounati’ olive tree variety. Olive trees are hardy and drought, diseaseand fireresistant, part of the reason for their longevity and their widespread use in the region. The natural monument attracts 30.000 visitors each year. The famous olive tree starred in a

of olive tree and man. Located next to the ‘Monumental Olive Tree of Vouves’ the Museum was the vision of Mayor PolychronisPolychronides. The next step is the conversion of the Museum to an ‘Olive Museum and Mediterranean Centre for the Study of Monumental Olive Trees’. Since 2004 in Athens, olive branches “KOTINOS” from the ancient olive tree, used for the wreath of Marathon winners in every Olympic game. Recently KOTINOS travelled to RIO in Brazil for the Olympics 2016 In 2012, Municipality of Platanias and Terra Creta organized for first time, a harvesting event where 55 kgr of olives has been collected and 5.0kgr of olive oil was produced in a special designed olive mill.

all about olive oil

Often people are travelling thou-


G & A Mamidakis Foundation Launches ‘Sea to Shore Stories’ Art Project Actively

promoting the arts with an eye on the Cretan sea for inspiration, the G & A Mamidakis Foundation announced the launch of the “Sea to Shore Stories” art project, which opened at the Minos Beach Art Hotel in Agios Nikolaos, Crete, on July 9. Aiming to organize the event annually, the new creative project invites one artist every year to work with the sea as their central theme of inspiration. For 2016, invited artist Kostas Ioannidis presents his “Sea to Shore Stories” — a series of works which will adorn the hotel reception areas and will create an “imaginary” aesthetic trail throughout the Minos Beach. Curated by Katerina Gregos, the series

graving at the Athens School of Fine Arts and at London’s Royal College of Arts, receiving an MFA from New York’s School of Visual Arts. The Minos Beach Art Hotel, overlooking the Bay of Mirabello in Agios Nikolaos, is a member of the family-owned Bluegr Hotels & Resorts group, which is active in tourism, boasting a number of leading hotels across Crete, in Athens and Rhodes, including the Sensimar Minos Palace Hotel & Suites, Candia Park Village, Life Gallery Athens and Sunprime Miramare Park Suites & Villas; and in culture through the G & A Mamidakis Foundation and LoveGreece.com. will feature among other works “Lost Ears of Paleopolis”, “Everlasting Song”

and “Hanging Gardens”. Mr Ioannidis studied painting and en-

news.gtp.gr

MPs introduce Bill to return ‘Elgin Marbles’ to Greece 200 years after the UK decided to buy them

p. 36

culture

A cross-party group of MPs has launched a fresh on bid to return the so-called s click re new tepost.gr o m r o e f r c Elgin Marbles to Greece / :/ http on the 200th anniversary of the British Government’s decision to buy them — a move that campaigners said could help the UK secure a better deal during the Brexit talks with the EU. The issue has long been a source of tension between, on one side, the UK Government and British Museum, where the 2,500-year-old marbles are currently on display, and, on the other, Greece and international supporters of the reunification of the Parthenon temple’s sculptures. About half the surviving sculptures were taken from the Parthenon in Athens by Thomas Bruce, the seventh Earl of Elgin, and later bought by the British Government after parliament passed an Act that came into force on

11 July, 1816. The other half are currently in the Acropolis Museum in Greece. The circumstances in which Lord El-

gin removed about the sculptures are disputed, with some claiming he effectively stole them while Greece was ruled by the Ottoman Empire. The Parthenon Sculptures (Return to Greece) Bill will be presented on the anniversary by Liberal Democrat MP Mark Williams, supported by Conservative Jeremy Lefroy and 10 other MPs from Labour, the SNP and Plaid Cymru. Mr Williams said: “These magnificent artefacts were improperly dragged and sawn off the remains of the Parthenon. “This Bill proposes that the Parliament should annul what it did 200 years ago. In 1816 Parliament effectively state-sanctioned the improper acquisition of these impressive and important sculptures from Greece. “It’s time we engaged in a gracious act. To put right right a 200-year wrong.” The sculptures are some of the finest ever created and the Parthenon

is arguably Europe’s greatest monument. The French Romantic poet Alphonse de Lamartine once described it as “the most perfect poem ever written in stone on the surface of the earth”. Greece has sought the return of the sculptures ever since victory in the War of Independence in 1832. During the war, Greek fighters even gave bullets to Ottoman soldiers besieged on the Acropolis because they were damaging the Parthenon by removing lead fittings to make ammunition after running out. Under David Cameron, the UK Government has remained opposed to allowing the reunification of the Parthenon sculptures, which would require an Act of Parliament to change the laws governing the British Museum. In 2011, David Cameron joked, predictably, that Britain was not going to “lose its marbles”. The Independent

“Kotinos” from the Monumental Olive Tree of Vouves was delivered to the Greek Olympic Team The Mayor of Platanias, Mr. Giannis

Malandrakis delivered the branch (kotinos) of the Monumental Olive Tree of Vouves to the athletes of the Greek Olympic Team, who will participate in the Olympic Games of Rio de Janeiro. The captain of the Greek Olympic Team will hold the “kotinos” during the opening ceremony at Maracana Stadium. It will be the fourth time for the Greek Olympic Team to have a branch of the

Monumental Olive Tree of Vouves in the Olympic Games, after Athens, Beijing and London.


Villa des Arts

Something different at the center of Chania Villa

for yourself ! Selection of Premium spirits and wine made for being able to service our guests with bespoke cocktails. Anybody for Cretan Mule or the Original Tiki Zombie from Don beach recipe ? that’s for the evening draw of the busy day but Villa’s coffee is served from 9am through out the

way back to you. We planted tropical gar- for more news http:// c cretep lick on den and we maintained ost.gr the current old part of it with over 100 years old cactus and very old walnut trees making a wonderful shade for a hot day. i think i tried drawing a beautiful picture of an old house with beau-

never stopped collecting ever since Myself - your humble guide to the insights of the Villa des Arts, exhibition coordinator and a person you can come to to find out more about ART, BOOKS and recipes of the famous cocktails of this place! Cocktails!!! that’s a passion for our Bar mixologists Stavros ...and Christos who’s neat and precise measuring make you want to try more cocktails or new or more, well decide

day! Not only Coffee makes me personally stay around with my books and laptop but TEA! what a selection, more than 30 types of fine tea to suit your mood or your diet… Did I mention that being dogs owners we are happy to see you bringing your furry friend along, provided it knows the rules as our Garden of the Villa des Arts its actually to enjoy looking at to calm your negative thoughts and help serenity to get its

tiful garden, water feature and old fountain, birds in the garden and classical music for the afternoon and jazz, blues taking over for the evening. Entire concept of Arty space with exhibition opening every couple of months and garden to sooth your soul should be your destination whichever time of the day you happened to be around : morning coffee, afternoon ice tea or evening cocktail.

p. 37

today for its unique style! GG, Jenny Perez, Charlie Anderson, OneMizer, Bandi, Didi Rock, Kevin Marcell, Bates, Kazilla, Erni Vales, Shepard Fairey, Ivan Roque, Hec One, Inkie, Skott Marsi - names of the few artists who will make their appearance at the Gallery later this year. Villa des Arts is hoping to pull off the “goldies oldies” show with ancestors of graffiti from New York early next

year, including Dr Revolt, Blade and more Couple of words about the owners of the VdA: idea generator, creator of Street ART Dubai and man behind the idea of restoration and opening Villa des Arts in Chania is 49y o Stephane Valici - my husband and best friend Stephane started his art collection at the age of 14 and

culture

des Arts has been created out of inspiration for the building it is in! Built in early 1900,this gorgeous neo classical house was longing to become something special , so today it is living its other life. Paintings of street artists and graffiti artists, art books, vintage furniture for guests use, library to get familiar with latest news in Art all that makes TODAY of the Villa des Arts. You will be surprised how wonderfully today’s youngest style of painting matches the straight line of the windows and tall ceilings of the place! Villa des Arts opened its door on Bastille Day when visiting celebrity artist from Paris - ONEMIZER had painted a mural on one of the walls in the garden to start new venture of the place. Paris, Miami, New York, London, Geneva, Athens - countries of the artists presented on walls of the Gallery hence is difference in styles, colors, techniques and overall feel. Selection for the Gallery of the Villa des Arts was made with intention to show to the community all the beauty of Street Art, which is celebrated


×áíéþôéêá íÝá

e-news right on time

ôï áëçèéíü ñáäéüöùíï ôçò ðüëçò


The Mistakes of First-time Bench-builders

1. Too many woodworking vises I’ve built workbenches with more than 100 students. In every class, there’s one guy who wants to put a vise on every corner of the bench. Not because it’s a partner’s bench for two people. Just because he wants it that way. While I support your freedom to choose, I also don’t want to spend two weeks installing complex tail-vise hardware on your bench when we could be building furniture

instead. At most (most!) you need a face vise and a tail vise. My current bench has only a face vise. I never, ever wish for a patternmaker’s vise on that back corner with a vacuum-actuated sliding leg vise on the deadman. Those discussions just wear me out. 2. Too many dog/holdfast holes If you have a tail vise, you need a row of closely spaced dog holes up near the front of your benchtop. If you use holdfasts, you need about eight holdfast holes (I’ve written about this topic more here). Many firsttime bench-builders plan an array of

dog/holdfast holes that would make the top look more like a colander or monster pegboard. Having lots of holes doesn’t really weaken the bench, but they are a lot of work to execute, and you don’t need them unless you have some special operation in mind. Start with the minimum; add more as you need them. 3. Over-agonizing the wood types used Any wood (even plywood) can be used to make a bench. The material should be cheap, easy to get, heavy (if possible), dry-ish and heavy (if possible). After a few years of use, your bench will look like every other used bench – beat up, broke in and awesome.

a carver’s bench that is adjustable in the X,Y and Z axis. It does not have a second benchtop embedded in the center that rises up using scissor lifts to create a second higher benchtop. It is not an air-hockey table. It is a single work surface that should be flat and solid. And if your tool-storage cabinet below the benchtop interferes with holding your work… 6. Building the DIY workbench too deep There are many reasons that workbenches plans aren’t 48” deep. The workbench is a lot less useful if it’s that deep. Here’s a hint, the benchtop should be less deep than your casework to make it easier to work on the casework.

4. Over-agonizing the standard workbench height Stop it. Really. I mean it. Pick a height

7. Choosing the wrong tools to build a workbench you designed If you are going to laminate a bench-

between your thigh and waist that seems right. You’ll adapt. Don’t worry about your back. You’ll adapt. If you are really uncertain, make it a little taller and then cut down the legs. After a decade or so, your work habits will put a magic number in your head. You’ll have built enough furniture that you will know your number. Until then, pick a number.

top out of 3/4”-thick material, you should probably own a powered jointer and planer. Doing it by hand is masochistic. If you have a giant slab for a top, you’re silly if you rip it into 6” strips to get them over your powered jointer. Get a jack plane. Different designs suit different tool sets.

5. Making the bench do crazy tricks or store an arsenal of tools Your bench is not a pneumatic lift for holding sheet goods. It is not an extension for your jointer table. It is not

8. Worrying too much about wood movement and benchtop flatness Wood moves, but obsessing about it while designing the bench wastes more energy than dealing with it after the bench is built. Your bench

will go out of flat. When it becomes a problem, you can fix it in less than 45 minutes of work. And, in general, your bench only has to be super-flat along the front 12” of the length of the benchtop. After five or 10 years, your bench will hardly move at all. 9. Trying to re-invent the wheel with new workbench designs Woodworkers love to tinker. And we get ideas in our head that we just can’t forget about until we build them. That’s OK. We’ve all done it. But ask yourself this: Do I want a good bench, or do I want to try to outsmart woodworkers from the last 3,000 years? Either answer is fine, by the way. 10. They make it too nice Even the nicest bench I’ve for more news click on made is more homely than http://cre tepost.gr the ugly stuff I made when

I was right out of college. When I make a DIY garage workbench, I focus on making the woodworking vises move sweetly, the benchtop flat and the joinery stout as heck. Tearout doesn’t bother me. Nor does a harmless check or knot. If you think I’m saying you should do a crappy job, you’re not reading me right. Focus your energy on what’s important with a bench. The other stuff is secondary. If it’s worth anything, I have made every one of the mistakes listed above. Christopher Schwarz

p. 39

you’re about to embark on building your first workbench, you might want to read this blog entry. I expect you to discard every piece of advice in it (most bench-builders do) and build the crazy contraption you’ve planned out in your head. Here, in my opinion, are the most common missteps woodworkers make when they build their first workbench.

do it yourself

If


Dog... Tips For A Hot Summer In warm and hot weather we must

make sure that our dogs are happy, healthy and not suffering from the heat. This article covers dog walking, dehydration, heatstroke, summer pests, garden hazards, car travel and more. Drink Make sure that your dog has a fresh bowl of water always available to them. They will drink more in the hot weather so you will need to check and re-fill it on a regular basis. Feeding Often your dog will seem less interested in food during the hot summer months. This is absolutely fine. We do it too, so try not to worry. Don’t forget that your dog is probably doing less energetic running around or playing, so it should all equal out. Treats A great idea for a fun and cool summer treat for your dog is ice cubes (no, not ice-cream). Jazz it up a bit with a little low-salt ck on ws cli post.gr chicken stock. You could even e n e r e for mo ttp://cret use a shallow bowl or cake tin h to make a large ice ‘cake’ with their favourite balls and plastic toys inside the ice. Quite a cooling challenge. Or why not stuff a Kong and freeze it for a lasting summer treat.

p.40

pets & vets

Dehydration Given a regular supply of water to drink, your dog should not dehydrate. However, it can happen. One sign of dehydration is loss of skin elasticity. If you think your dog might be dehydrated, do this simple check. When the skin along the back is picked up into a fold, it should spring back into place. In dehydration, the skin stays up in a ridge. Another sign is dryness of the mouth. Late signs of dehydration are sunken eyes and circulatory collapse. If your dog is dehydrated or very thirsty, do not let them gulp down excessive amounts of water at once as they are likely to bring it back up. Give your dog an electrolyte mixed in water, which will be more effective than plain water at replenishing the body. To hydrate slowly,

give your dog ice to lick rather than letting them take large gulps of water. If you and your dog are travelling, having a day out or going on holiday, consider taking some bottles of tap water or the dogs usual drinking water from home. Dogs often don’t like to drink strange tasting water. In the Car If you take your dog out in the car then bear in mind that it is hotter in the back than it is for you up in the front. Keep a careful eye on your dog and if the car is very hot or you will need to leave them in the car then don’t take them with you. Never leave your dog in the car on even just a slightly warm day. Leaving the window open a few inches for them, parking in the shade, or leaving them a bowl of water in the car is NOT adequate. A dog left in a car on a hot or even warm day can suffer heat stress and ultimately fatal heat stroke within just 10 minutes. The temperature inside the car might not seem excessive when you first stop but the temperature inside a stationary car can rapidly increase to double the outside temperature - phew. This can happen very quickly, within six to ten minutes. If you come across a dog that has been left in the car on a warm day, call the Police. They will be able to take appropriate action, if necessary breaking into the car to release the dog. Shade Always make sure that your dog has access to a shady area, whether it is indoors or out. You can be prosecuted for cruelty to animals if you leave your dog without adequate shade and adequate water. This ingenious pop-up pet sun shelter is an easy way to provide a shady spot for your dog to relax in, wherever you are. Heatstroke Always bear in mind that your dog has a fur coat on that is designed to trap heat. Also, they cannot sweat to cool down and have to rely on panting to regulate their body tem-

perature. Be particularly aware of vulnerable dogs such as short-nosed breeds, overweight dogs, youngsters and older dogs. These will all feel the heat more. Learn to recognise the signs of heatstroke: 1) At first the dog will pant more than usual, become agitated and may seem uncomfortable or distressed. 2) Panting will become excessive and difficult and drooling may also start. 3) The dog will struggle to breathe and may appear glassy eyed and have dark red gums. 4) Body temperature has risen to a point where cell death in the brain results in seizures, coma and ultimately death. In these later stages, even with intensive veterinary care, your pet will probably die. To deal with the early stages of heatstroke, move the dog to a cooler area and start gently cooling them down. Gently cover them with a cold wet tea towel. Don’t use ice or very cold water. This can be a massive shock to the system. If you are out and about with your dog on a hot day, take some wet cold towels with you in a cool bag. But remember that prevention is better than cure. Don’t put your dog in situations where heatstroke is likely to occur. Keeping Cool In warm and hot weather I always walk my dogs in a cool coat. They can prevent a dog from becoming overheated on warm walks or during activities and can also help cool down an already overheated animal. Another highly recommended product for keeping your dog cool is a cool mat. We love the Always Cool Pad for Dogs and the Chillr Dog Cooling Mat. Within a few moments of lying on the mat your dog will feel the cooling effects. It absorbs heat, reducing your dog’s body temperature. Most dogs adore splashing about in the water and it is a lovely cooling activity. These pop-up baths also make a great dog paddling pool for lots of water fun. Sunburn & Paw Burn Dogs love to sit in the sun but don’t

let them bake themselves. If necessary, restrict access to directly sunny areas and provide plenty of accessible shady places for them to relax. Pets with light or white coats or exposed skin can get sun burnt. Use a sun block on exposed areas and on the tips of ears, forehead and nose or any area you feel could burn. Don’t walk your dog on hot surfaces such as pavements, tarmac, parking lots etc. as this can burn their pads. If it is too hot for the back of your hand, it is too hot for your dog’s paws. Walkies should be early in the morning or after the heat of the day has passed and hot walking surfaces have cooled. Walk on the grass where possible as that won’t burn your dog’s feet. If hot surfaces can’t be avoided, buy your dog some comfortable and protective outdoor dog boots. Ticks and Fleas The warm weather brings out undesirable pests such as fleas, ticks and mites. Make sure you have a flea and tick procedure, whether you use natural remedies or off-the-shelf drops, collars and sprays. Find your preferred method and use it. If your dog picks up a tick from walking in long grass or wooded areas, removal must be done correctly. Read our The Best Way to Remove a Dog Tick advice. An incorrectly removed tick can increase the likelihood of your dog catching a nasty disease. The O’Tom Tick Twister hook is widely regarded to be the best and safest way to remove ticks without leaving the mouth parts of the tick planted in the skin. No use of chemicals. Quick and painless without squeezing the tick, thus reducing the risk of infection. This unique and ingenious tick removal device extracts the tick in less than five seconds. No compression of the ticks body and no risk of leaving mouth parts still attached, both of which may lead to the transfer of disease such as Babesia and Lyme disease. dfordog.co.uk


Get familiar with Opuntia There is a special species of Opun-

tia, which has no spines and it can easily be cultivated in Apokoronas, with less water and in dry soil. Its fruits (fragkosyka or papoutsosyka in Greek language) can be easily eaten and are a very healthy food, especially as a basis for a colon-cleansing diet. A few words for Opuntia Opuntia is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae. The most common culinary species is the Indian fig opuntia (O. ficus-indica). Most culinary uses of the term “prickly pear” refer to this species. Prickly pears are also known as tuna (fruit), sabra, nopal (paddle, plural nopales) from the Nahuatl word nōpalli for the pads, or nostle, from the Nahuatl word nōchtli for the fruit; or paddle cactus. The genus is named for the Ancient Greek city of Opus, where, according to Theophrastus, an edible plant grew which could be propagated by rooting its leaves. Prickly pears typically grow with flat,

rounded cladodes (also called platyclades) armed with two kinds of spines; large, smooth, fixed spines and small, hairlike prickles called glochids, that easily penetrate skin and detach from the plant. Many types of prickly pears grow into dense, tangled structures. Like all true cactus species, prickly pears are native only to the Americas, but they have been introduced to other parts of the globe. Prickly pear is widely cultivated and commercially used in juices, jellies, candies, teas, and alcoholic drinks. American Indians used prickly pear juice to treat burns, and prickly pear has a long history in traditional Mexican folk medicine for treating diabetes. Its use in treating diabetes, lipid disorders, inflammation, and ulcers, as well as its other pharmacologic effects, have been documented. However, there is limited clinical information to support these uses. Prickly pear is commercially available in numerous doseforms, including capsules, tablets, powders, and juices, and as food. Follow man-

ufacturers’ suggested guidelines if using commercial products. Typical dosage regimens are two 250 mg capsules by mouth 3 times a day or every 8 hours. Prickly pears are members of the Cactacceae or cactus family, which includes about 97 genera and 1,600 species. The species are found in Europe, Mediterranean countries, Africa, southwestern United States, and northern Mexico. Plants in the genus Opuntia prefer a dry, hot climate and consist of perennial shrubs, trees, and creeping plants. Prickly pear can grow 5 to 8 m in height; its roots are shallow, but the plant can spread up to 40 m in diameter over the ground. The stems are branched, leaves are cylindrical in shape, and the plant is covered with barb-tipped bristles (known as glochids) that are unique to Opuntia . Its flowers, petals, and sepals are numerous in quantity and color. The oval, pear-shaped, purplish fruit is pulpy and sweet but may be covered with spines or bristles. The seeds within the pulp are disk-

shaped and have numerous colors. Prickly pear is widely cultivated and used in juices, jellies, candies, teas, and alcoholic drinks. The fruits and flowers of the plant are used as natural food colorants. Cactus gum is used to stiffen cloth. Essential oils from the flowers are used to make perfumes, and the seeds are a source of oil. Prickly pear has also been used as a source of animal feed and dye. There are numerous medicinal uses of the plant. American Indians used prickly pear juice to treat burns. Often a cone of plant material would be burned on the skin to treat irritation or infection, a process known as moxabustion in Chinese medicine. The Lakota tribe used prickly pear in a tea to assist mothers during childbirth. Prickly pear has a long history of traditional Mexican folk medicine use, particularly as a treatment for diabetes. Prickly pear pads have been used as a poultice for rheumatism. The fruit has been used for treating diarrhea, asthma, and gonorrhea.

from 7,50 €

EXCLUSIVE OFFER ONLY FOR “EN KIPO” SHOP IN PLAKA, APOKORONAS AND ONLY FOR THIS MONTH

p.41

only 4,90 €

plants and gardening

THIS IS THE MONTH OF... OPUNTIA


Morito’s Marianna Leivaditaki on growing up in Crete eating fresh fish seven days a week Marianna Leivaditaki is the head

chef at Morito’s delicious new outpost on Hackney Road. The menu is mostly hooked around gorgeous, uplifting food from Spain and North Africa but eating some of the dishes also transport you to parts of the island of Crete in Greece, where Leivaditaki was born. Here she remembers a happy childhood spent eating unending amounts of fresh fish. “Well it’s all to do with fish,” laughs Leivaditaki when I ask her what her culinary highlight was as a young girl growing up in north west Crete. Leivaditaki says her mind is filled with memories of “just being near water, and I love that I had that childhood, and being absolutely free all the time, it’s n o click news .gr e r absolutely amazing. I think o for m retepost /c :/ p my dad being a fisherman t t h meant that we ate fish seven days a week, and we were very privileged because not everyone can do that – even though you’re on an island, it’s still very expensive and not every family has that luxury.” Sometimes her father would come back in the morning, having been out fishing all night, and together they would cook and eat “all these amazing fish. Because I was really little I’d have to stand on the chair to reach up and help. Sometimes the fish were still alive, but then I would eat them for breakfast with him, or before we went to bed… all the time.” Leivaditaki’s father would also catch lobsters and bring them home for his family to eat, because, she remembers, “he’d always have this thing – he made this promise to himself – that because he’d fished for the lobsters,

he would never sell them. So every time one gets caught, it was for us only.” Did they have the lobsters straight up? “Absolutely. We would just indulge in lots of lobster eating, which was amazing. It was always live, then you basically just boil it in a pot, and then pour over good olive oil which was usually from your olives, and then add a bit of lemon and that’s it. You don’t need anything else, we never did. I think that’s the major thing in my experience with fish is that if it’s fresh it’s amazing and you don’t need to do anything to it. And I think I’ve carried that on at Moro and now at Morito. It’s nice to just enjoy the product when

it’s so good.” Sea urchins, for which “we’d put goggles on and go diving,” also featured highly on the menu at home. “We’d always hurt ourselves and step on them and all these things, but then often we’d just open them up [later]. They are [really] a luxury food and there are people who do it for a living and collect lots and then go home and then the whole family will contribute in cleaning them – because you get them clean in Greece. So they are so special, but actually it’s quite easy to find them, and as kids we were quite adventurous so we’d go for it – not that we’d get loads. But usually there was someone with us that could do it much better and dad had

this spear gun and would use that. But there was always enough just to have a snack by the sea.” For the kitchen at Morito Hackney, Leivaditaki calls on The Wright Brothers for her fish, and gets scallops from Scotland, “which are incredible. I like having a close relatinoship with them so they know what I want.” She still manages to go back home four or five times a year to see her family in Chania, north west Crete, which she describes as “a beautiful city. It’s quite magic, which you only realise when you’ve left. And then you go back and you go wow, this is actually incredible.” Evening Standard

Japanese Wine Proffecionals on Crete

p. 42

food & wine

Three wine professionals from Ja-

pressed by the scenery of the Cretan landscape and the characteristics of the Cretan indigenous varieties. A presentation on the Japanese wine market, also took place for the Cretan winemakers. The Japanese wine market is women dominated as the wine buyers are mostly women. This action is a part of the master plan of the Cretan Winemakers to enter new wine markets and promote the Cretan Wine and the Cretan gastronomy. Action funded through the program: “Promotion actions on the Cretan wine in USA, Japan, Switzerland and Norway”.

pan, visited the island of Crete, for a fam trip on the Cretan vineyard and the Cretan Wines. Α wine importer, a sommelier, a manager of restaurants in Japan and Australia, along with Constantinos Suwamoto from the Greek Embassy in Tokyo consisted the Japanese delegacy. The fam trip started with a master class in Chania on the Cretan Wines. The Japanese guests of “Wines of Crete”, visited vineyards and tasted P.G.I. wines from the area. Next stop was the P.D.O. area Peza and P.D.O. area Dafnes. They were truly im-

Wines of Crete sponsored the event: Greek varieties on the rise, a masterclass with José Vouillamoz on the present and future of Greek varieties Greek varieties on the rise: Master-

class with José Vouillamoz on the present and future of Greek varieties.On July 14, Dr. José Vouillamoz, (co- author with Jancis Robinson and Julia Harding MW, of the “wine bible” Wine Grapes) came to Greece for a single masterclass on Greek autochthonous varieties. For the last two months we were secretly been planning together with José the masterclass “Greek varieties on the rise” where José will highlight ways of preserving and promoting indigenous Greek varieties, the research

needed and the future of these varieties. We have also, chosen together nine wines from obscure varieties. Jose is very enthusiastic about presenting the most recent data available. The varieties represented were: Robola, Vidiano, Aidani, Mavroudi, Kydonitsa, Negoska, Mavrotragano, Mouchtaro and Chidiriotiko. Moreover viticultural consultant Dr. Haroula Spinthiropoulou, Dr. Yiannis Voyiatzis (president of Wines of Greece) and Dr. George Kotseridis from Agricultural University composed a panel moderating and an-

swering questions. The event took place under the auspices of National Interprofessional Organisation of Vine and Wine (EDOAO) and was sponsored by: - Wines of Crete - Wines of Peloponnese - Nespresso - Cork Hellas - Eftihiades wine accessories - Porto Carras Grand Resort - Bakasietas nursery - Fasoulis Nurseries - Aqua Panna and San Pellegrino Event organiser: Bonello Trading Ltd


Fight on to save Med diet from extinction It may be on the Unesco heritage list, but global experts warn the Mediterranean diet, prized for its health benefits, is losing so much ground to the fast food culture that the decline may be irreversible. Rich in vegetables, fruits, cereals and extra virgin olive oil, the Mediterranean diet is based on a moderate consumption of fish, dairy products, eggs, red wine, and a small amount of meat. Found to varying degrees in all countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea, it was named in 2010 onto Unesco’s Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity list for seven countries, from Croatia to Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Morocco, Spain and Portugal. But the diet, which the United Nations also praises for promoting hospitality, n click o st.gr s w neighborliness, intercule re n epo for mo ttp://cret tural dialogue and creativh ity, is going rapidly out of fashion. “In Greece, it has decreased by 70 percent over the last 30 years, in Spain 50 percent”, Lluis Serra-Majem, head of the International Foundation of Mediterranean Diet, told AFP at a recent conference in Milan. The experts, from Israel to New Zealand to Sweden, explored ways to

revive the diet, from making it appealing to teenagers, to persuading people to buy fresh and sometimes costlier food in a period of economic crisis. In Spain, celebrities like actress Penelope Cruz may add some glamour with their love of Mediterranean cuisine, but ever fewer people are enticed. Less than 15 percent of the Spanish population still eats a Mediterranean diet, while 50 to 60 percent do so sometimes. Between 20 to 30 percent have ditched it altogether, Serra-Majem said. And it’s the same in Greece, says Antonia Trichopoulou from the Hellenic Health Foundation. Unsurprisingly, over 65-year- olds are the best at eating traditional dishes, while the youngest generations have succumbed to the lure of fast food. “The decline has various causes. We are witnessing a globalization of eating habits, with (the spread of ) the ‘Western diet’”, said Serra-Majem, pointing a finger of blame at the growth of the tourism sector in particular. It has been more marked in coastal areas, particularly in Spain or on Italy’s Adriatic coast. “Uncontrolled tourism leads to high

urbanization and… increased consumption of meat, refined flours and a reduction of the traditional diet, ” he said. The change in eating habits is having a significant impact on public health with the rise of obesity, cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes among populations previously known for their longevity. Seven in 10 Greek adults are now overweight or obese, and about 11 percent have diabetes, according to Trichopoulou. The Mediterranean diet combined with physical activity could prevent many diabetes cases, said Serra-Majem. While some regions are doing better at resisting fast food – such as southern Italy and northern Africa – the race is on to find a way to slow or reverse the diet’s decline, with the meeting in Milan just one such bid to save it. As well as the health fallout and associated medical costs, dropping the diet also has an impact on the environment since “almost 25 percent of greenhouse gas emissions come from food production,” he said. It also puts at risk of extinction local skills and traditions such as harvesting, fishing, animal husbandry and

conservation. Healthy eating has not fallen by the wayside completely: the Mediterranean diet is a hit with “educated people and those who belong to higher social classes” in Greece, Trichopoulou said. “It is more related to a social problem and education than money, because vegetables and fruits are relatively cheap,” she said, but people are cooking less and advertisements promote sugary or preserved products. What’s needed is to encourage initiatives in local communities and find a way of selling sustainable tourism – including a return to local food production – even in mass tourism areas, says independent expert Florence Egal. In Spain’s Balearic Islands, including the hugely popular Majorca and Ibiza, “thousands of tourists eat at buffets in large hotels”, while “in the countryside orange trees are weighed down with unpicked fruit,” which rots because imported oranges cost less. And she warns, as groves are abandoned and migration to cities increases, the Mediterranean diet takes one more step towards becoming a thing of the past.

Traditional Cretan Recipes MALAMOUDOPITA INGREDIENTS Ingredients for the filling 500 g wholewheat flour 3 tablespoons mint 3 teaspoons fennel leaves 1 tablespoon salt 3-4 tablespoons sugar Olive oil as necessary

p. 44

food & wine

For the pastry 500 g all-purpose flour 2 tablespoons salt Water as needed PREPARATION Mix the filling ingredients in a bowl and knead until firm. Mix the ingredients for the pastry in another bowl and knead well. Divide the filling and pastry into 6 equal parts. Roll each piece of dough into a fairly thick sheet, put a portion of filling in the center, close well by pinching around the edge, and then roll out again with a rolling pin to plate size. Fry the pies in plenty of olive oil until golden. Place on a plate, cut into four, and sprinkle with sugar and cinnamon as desired. They can be served hot or cold, and are very tasty, satisfying and different!

FRESH MIZITHRA CHEESE PIES (NERATES) INGREDIENTS Ingredients for the pastry 1 kg flour ½ glass oil salt Ingredients for the filling 1 kg fresh sour mizithra PREPARATION Mix all the ingredients for the pastry, taking care to keep the mixture as soft as possible. Leave the pastry to rise. Fry the pastries in a small quantity of oil in a non-stick pan as follows: Dip your hands in water, break off a small ball of dough, make a small well in the centre, and add a spoonful of mizithra. Close up the pastry around the mizithra and shape it back into a small ball. Place in the frying pan and flatten from the centre outwards with wet hands. Flip the pie over and remove when golden on both sides. Continue with the remaining dough. Serve the ‘Nerati’ pies with honey and cinnamon.


The best Greek island for every type of traveler

Crete best for foodies With some 6,000 islands within its

borders, Greece has a lot to offer travelers of all stripes. Whether you’re in search of wild parties, family-friendly activities, or just a place where you can relax and unwind, you’re sure to be able to find it on one of Greece’s stunning islands. While each Greek island has its own beauty and charm, it can be tough

knowing which one to choose for your next vacation. To help Business Insider has published its own 2016 recommendations for the best Greek island for different types of travelers. As expected Crete features in the guide for its unique culinary offerings, but it could easily be there for its beaches, its history and for it un-

touched nature. Still, there are other islands to consider... Best for foodies: Crete Head to the island of Crete to try local specialties like dakos, which is typically made up of dried bread or barley rusk topped with tomato, creamy cheese, and olive oil. The island, which is famous for its ol-

ive oil, is home to rustic eateries that serve incredibly fresh meat, cheeses, olive oil, and wines that are often produced in-house. You can dine on meals made with herbs picked from the nearby hillside, or head to one of its beachfront restaurants to enjoy the catch of the day. Business Insider

Greek ingredients shaking up the cocktail scene olives from Crete, oregano, sage etc. Personally, I am currently exploring creating a cocktail that will bring something very familiar to mind, like the freshness you feel standing on top of a hill in the sea breeze.” Other top favorite liqueurs are kumquat, which is produced in Corfu, the bittersweet citron of Naxos, cinnamon-flavored tentura from Patra and almond-based soumada, while herbs such as oregano, thyme and Kozani saffron are used to lend fragrance to drinks such as gin-based cocktails, explains Giorgos Kavaklis from Spoiled in Athens. The barman also makes use of Greek beers from microbreweries, from which he produces tasty syrups and punches, while he also uses them for their rich foam. “Bartenders are a lot more educated and well-trained, taking a serious interest in cocktails over the past few years, and that is something that people also appreciate because they don’t like throwing their money away,” says Kavaklis. Constantinos Tsatsiras from Otto, also in Athens, says that Greek consumers

The 4 senses restaurant... Follow the Path of an absolute gastronomic delight...

tend to favor bittersweet and fruity drinks, a preference that is likely rooted in the Mediterranean diet and lifestyle. “I personally use all sorts of different products grown in Greece, such as pineapple, avocado or lime, which are cultivated in Crete. There are a lot of wonderful Greek liquors, but what’s important is how they are managed by their producers,” Tsatsiras says, stressing that barmen today are much more discerning and always on the lookout for new things. “Marketing also plays an important role,” he says. As Greek continue to enjoy colorful, fruit cocktails, overseas the hot new trend is bitters, while bartenders are more mindful of details like the ice they use and more ambitious about creating bold, almost arrogant new drinks. “Bitters are like spices. The different varieties have intense flavors with varying degrees of sweetness but also their namesake bitterness,” says Master of Wine Konstantinos Lazarakis.

The quality of the ice used, the temperature of the key liquor and mixers, and the water that is added are other areas where professionals abroad are paying close attention in order to stand out from the competition. “The issue is to what extent the bar scene can motivate for more news click on http://cre tepost.gr producers. There are a lot of drinks that aren’t patented and don’t have protected geographic designations,” says Lazarakis. “New Zealand, for example, makes vodka and Japan whisky. There’s no reason why Greece couldn’t make rum.” When it comes to his area of expertise, Lazarakis explains that wine is just not the right choice for a mixer, even though wine consumers may be happy to experiment. “With wine, it’s all about the wine, its temperature, the glass and the food you’re having it with. Cocktails are sexy: They have energy, they are physical, shaken and stirred, and the barman is a showman. Wine is nothing like that, and I’m not at all sure whether it should be in cocktails.”

We use and promote local, quality products in combination with the revival of traditional flavours and new gastronomic proposals from 12:00 pm to 00:00 at midnight.

Platanias, Chania Tel. +30 6976 860573 www.olive-tree.gr

eKathimerini

p. 45

may laugh at the fact that ouzo transforms the famous Long Island cocktail into the Makronissos (literally long island) in the bars on Milos island, or that the Tuba Libre, a retsina-based drink inspired by fans of the PAOK soccer team, has traveled all the way from Toumba in Thessaloniki to London, but Greek drinks have been making a splash with bartenders and earning kudos over the past three years or so. The star of the bar is a liqueur made with mastic gum from Chios, which is already widely used in Greece but is also turning heads abroad. “When customers learn how the liqueur is produced from the mastic trees, they get even more excited about it,” says Nikos Tachmazis, a Greek barman at Termini in London’s trendy Soho district, who, along with his teammate William Hetzel, won this year’s Mediterranean Cocktail Challenge, organized by Greek liqueur-maker Skinos Mastiha Spirit. “Greek ingredients are quite popular,” he says. “We use caper leaves from Santorini, Greek olive oil, seaweed,

food & wine

We


Inhaled corticosteroids reduce exacerbations of recurrent wheezing in preschoolers, according to a meta-analysis For children with asthma, daily in-

haled corticosteroids can prevent severe exacerbations. For the many Pneumonologist children with severe intermittent wheezing, however, the optimal prevention remains unclear. Dr. Sunitha V. Kaiser, from the University of California, San Francisco, and her team, assessed the effects of daily inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), intermittent ICS, and montelukast for preventing severe exacerbations in preschool children with recurrent wheeze in their systematic review and meta-analysis of 22 studies. There were significant reductions in exacerbation rates with daily ICS (12.9% versus 24.0% with placebo) and with intermittent ICS (24.8% versus 41.6% with placebo), according to the “Pediatrics” online report. Two studies directly comparing daily with intermittent ICS showed no significant difn ferences in rates of severe o k r s clic re new cretepost.g o exacerbations. m r / fo http:/ The rates of severe exacerbations did not differ between intermittent ICS and intermittent montelukast in one study, but in another study exacerbation rates were lower with daily ICS than with daily montelukast. “Our most interesting finding was the strength of evidence supporting intermittent inhaled steroid therapy,” Dr. Kaiser said. “Most commonly in this age group, children wheeze with colds but don’t have symptoms beby Miltiades Markatos

tween colds. For these children, giving inhaled steroid just during colds was very effective at preventing severe wheezing episodes. This way of giving inhaled steroids leads to lower overall steroid exposure, and is likely cheaper and easier for families.” “For those with persistent symptoms, daily inhaled steroids remain the standard,” Dr. Kaiser concluded. “For those with wheezing symptoms only during

health & nutrition

Cretan scientists discover important insecticide resistant mechanism in mosquitoes A

p.46

team of Greek scientists have discovered a mechanism by which mosquitoes develop resistance to insecticides. A team from the Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology under the supervision of John Vontas, with head researcher Vssilia Balabanidou, aided by other research instituters and the University of Crete have found a novel and very important insecticide resistance mechanism that mosquitoes carry. Their work improves the understanding of mosquito resistance and could facilitate the development of insecti-

cides with greater potency, thus combatting malaria and other dangerous mosquito related diseases. Their findings were published in the Proceedings National Academy of Science (PNAS). The number of malaria related deaths worldwide amount to 500,000 annually. Proto Thema

viral upper respiratory infections, intermittent inhaled steroid therapy should be considered. In either case, symptoms and growth should be monitored closely.” Dr. Avraham Beigelman, from Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, who has published several articles on wheeze and its treatment, told by email, “This meta-analysis establishes the role of ICS

as the mainstay of treatment aiming to prevent acute exacerbations among preschool children with asthma. The study revealed that ICS are effective therapy to prevent exacerbation in two groups of preschoolers: children with persistent asthma (frequent/chronic respiratory symptoms) and children with episodic disease (episodic wheeze that is usually triggered by viral respiratory infections).”

Tanning and Sun Protection

Some people think having a tan gives them a “healthy glow.” But a tan really shows that the skin is trying to protect itself from sun damage. Sun damage can lead to premature aging (wrinkles!), eye damage, and skin cancer. You can protect yourself from the harmful effects of the sun’s rays by staying indoors, but most people like to be outdoors at least some of the time. To protect yourself from sun exposure, you should use sunscreen, wear a hat and sunglasses, and cover as much of your skin with protective clothing as you can. Sunscreen is an important part of your sun-protection routine. Sunscreens prevent some UV rays

A life changing visit to our pharmacy can make you change the way you see life and put your body and mind in harmony. Have you ever visited a pharmacy to taste health? A different pharmacy in the centre of the old town of Chania is waiting to share with you secrets of well being and longevity. Taste the biolo gical honey, the royal jelly, tea from plants carefully chosen in therapeutic recipes, high concentration and purity juices of pomegranate, cranberry, aloe. Orthomolecular nutrition with suggestions on detox programs and a carefully selected range of supplements, vitamins an gluten free products from all over the world. In the same premises you can find a live homeopathic lab with 6.000 homeopathic remedies in stock and the ability to produce any kind of homeopathic form i.e. pills, granules, solutions etc Evangelia Sakka is the pharmacist in charge who has created that special pharmacy and will be happy to introduce you to that fantastic world but also suggest whatever will be more settable for you. Our philosophy doesn’t stop on food and supplements but we want you to think of your mind and body as well. That’s why we have created next to our pharmacy the Green Care SPA. A SPA that helps to uplift your mind and body with biological face an body treatments, reflexology, reiky, su jok and moxa treatment, Bach flower remedies, homeopathy sessions, bowtech as well as nail therapies. We are waiting for you to restart your life at Daskalogianni 43 - 45, SAKKA Pharmacy www.my-pharmacy.gr / www.greencarespa.gr

from reaching your skin. Sunscreens are labeled with an SPF (sun protection factor) number. In general, the higher the SPF number, the more protection the product provides against UV light. It is important to note that sunscreens can lose their effectiveness if they are not applied thoroughly and completely, washed off by swimming or perspiration, or rubbed off by contact with clothing. Remember to reapply sunscreen periodically. The suns rays are strongest between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. If possible, do not stay out in the sun for too long during these hours. If you are outside during this time, use a sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher.


What is Parasailing?

A different summer sea sport Parasailing,

sist mast that collectively launched and retrieved the parasail canopy and parasailors to and from the vessel flight deck. McCulloh’s invention was patented in 1976 and later referred to as a “WINCHBOAT” which the set the first parasail equipment industry standard that is utilized by all commercial parasail operations around the world. In early 1976, Brian Gaskin designed, created, and tested the first 16-gore canopy design which he named “Waterbird”. The Waterbird was revolutionary in its canopy design, its unique tow yoke harness arrangement, its construction, and the use of zero porosity fabrics which allowed it to be used over water safely. The majority of commercial parasail operators then moved to the 16-gore canopy arrangement. In 1976 Gaskin founded his company, Waterbird Parakites, which is still in operation today, producing commercial and recreational 16-gore parasails. In April 2013, the first ASTM parasail weather standard was approved. With the help of the WSIA, and the chair of the parasail committee, Matthew Dvorak, owner and operator of Daytona Beach Parasail, Inc. the new standard was implemented. This is the first standard in the parasail industry with three more in the works to be approved later this year. This

Improved parasail canopy designs In recent years, operators have moved from small (20-foot range) parachutes to large (30–40 feet) parachutes that utilize high-lift, lowdrag designs enabling operators to fly higher payloads in lower (typically safer) winds. Most operators now offer double and triple flights using an adjustable side by side bar arrangement. The side by side bar is aluminum attached to the for more news click on http://cre yoke of the chute, allowing tepost.gr two or three passenger harnesses to be attached side-by-side. In the late 1990s, Waterbird Parakites waterbird.co.uk and Custom Chutes Inc, redesigned the original Gaskin design to allow parasails to carry more weight (double rides and triple rides), but still ensure they could operate in the same operating conditions. As a result, a completely new design—much larger in diameter but with much smaller increased air resistance was born. Criticism In 2014, the National Transportation Safety Board NTSB issued a press release in which it found the parasailing industry to be largely unregulated. The report identified a number of safety concerns which included vessel operators who continued to operate despite hazardous wind conditions, use of inadequate equipment and unserviceable gear, and compromised strength of rope tied to the parasail. In a period from 1998 to the third of July 2013, there were six parasailing fatalities in the Florida area. The great majority of deaths in parasail incidents have occurred when riders were unable to get out of their harness support system after an unplanned landing in water during high winds.

p.47

Parachute versus parasailing Both the parachute and parasail can ascend and glide. The primary difference between the two is that the parasail is more stable and efficient during the ascent mode when being towed aloft with minimum or zero steering control by the parasailor. The parachute is not efficient when towed and is primarily used for skydiving where the parachutist can fully control the direction. In the descent mode, both are designed to slow the fall of a person during said descent at any given altitude.

Kite color The parachute/kite part is normally brightly colored to match to beach area in which it is used. Some people have kites with colors matching their favorite sports team or alma mater. Many parasail canopies that are designed for commercial use offering rides to tourists on vacation are bright in color and have designs ranging from flags, logos, smiley faces, and multiple color patterns. The first ascending-gliding parachute was developed by Pierre-Marcel Lemoigne in 1962. The same year, Lemoigne established an Aeronautical Training Center to introduce his new ascending-gliding parachute as a training tool for parachutists. The technique allows parachutists to train more efficiently by towing the parachutist to a suitable altitude, then releasing them to practice landings. This training method proved cheaper than—and just as effective as—an airplane. In 1963 Jacques-André Istel from Pioneer Parachute Company bought a license from Lemoigne to manufacture and sell the 24-gore ascending-gliding parachute which was trade-named “parasail”. In 1974, Mark McCulloh invented the first self-contained parasail launch and recovery vessel that incorporated a hydraulic winch and canopy as-

standard was the first step in bringing the otherwise unregulated industry into a more uniformed and safe industry!

sports & leisure

also known as parascending or parakiting, is a recreational kiting activity where a person is towed behind a vehicle (usually a boat) while attached to a specially designed canopy wing that reminds one of a parachute, known as a parasail wing. The manned kite’s moving anchor may be a car, truck, or boat. The harness attaches the pilot to the parasail, which is connected to the boat, or land vehicle, by the tow rope. The vehicle then drives off, carrying the parascender (or wing) and person into the air. If the boat is powerful enough, two or three people can parasail behind it at the same time. The parascender has little or no control over the parachute. The activity is primarily a fun ride, not to be confused with the sport of paragliding. There are commercial parasailing operations all over the world. Landbased parasailing has also been transformed into a competition sport in Europe. In land-based competition parasailing, the parasail is towed to maximum height behind a 4-wheel drive vehicle. The driver then releases the tow line; the parasailer flies down to a target area in an accuracy competition. The sport was developed in the early 80’s and has been very popular ever since. The first international competitions were held in the mid 80’s and continue to this day.


August2016  
August2016  
Advertisement