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Lost Gottschee Villages in Slovenia

existence in the recent decades. Our style is lapidary, resembling that of authors of at least three different Slovene geographical lexicons. As was the case in the majority of publications, the list of settlements relies on the volume Krajevni leksikon dravske banovine, since it includes the names of all extant and vacant villages. The former villages are either nonexistent or completely changed. Along with the expressive piles of stones, the written sources are a means of preserving the memory of these settlements and of the people who lived and worked in them. Each settlement was given its own chapter in this new book. Slovene names of villages in the Austrian state of Carinthia were added to the UNESCO list of intangible cultural heritage; we followed suit by listing all versions of the Kočevje region’s names of settlements, and they are followed by place names and other types of names in Slovene, German, and in the Gottschee German dialect. The description includes a brief etymological explanation of the origin of individual villages’ names, along with the settlements’ and monuments’ reference numbers in the Register of Immovable Cultural Heritage, which is maintained by the Information and Documentation Centre at the Cultural Heritage Directorate, the Ministry of Culture. The Register is available online and provides the exact geolocation of each registered building or settlement. Some buildings or villages were so degraded or demolished that the experts at the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage (the competence of the Ljubljana and Novo Mesto Regional Offices) decided not to include them in the Register. The texts are supplemented with reproductions of the villages’ areas in the Franciscan cadastre and the data obtained from various censuses. Descriptions of selected buildings, mostly churches and schools, were added where possible; devotional shrines were recorded in each village. Along with shrines, we also listed memorial plaques and other monuments, testaments to the tragedy occurring during World War II, after the resettlement of the Gottschee German population. The area provided shelter to partisans and was the scene of the German and Italian occupying forces’ offensives, combats, hostages shootings, the resettlement of the few remaining inhabitants on the one side, and efforts to save the wounded in hidden hollows on the other. All this constitutes the shared history of the villages at hand. The writing is founded on and explained by means of footnotes, which are not meant to clutter up the main text. Short descriptions of the villages’ development also include presentations of families that left the area at the beginning of World War II for various reasons. We sought to include as many additional data, particularly photographs, as possible; the volume is supplemented with many figures, gathered from various sources for each respective village. Documentary photographs stem from different periods; their respective owner or photographer is stated in each accompanying capture. Many photographs are faded and of lesser artistic quality; neverthe-

mentioned volume more demanding readers will find a detailed list of sources, which can be helpful when researching the subject. Particularly telling is the extended edition of Wilhelm Tschinkl’s volume Kočevarska folklora: v šegah, navadah, pravljicah, povedkah, legendah in drugih folklornih izročilih / Gottscheer Volkstum: in Sitte, Brauch, Märchen, Sagen, Legenden und anderen volkstümlichen Überlieferungen (first edition in 1931), which was complemented with new research results and published in 2004. Publishers active in the society Društvo Kočevarjev staroselcev/ Gottscheer Altsiedler Verein encouraged Anton Prelesnik, one of the leading authorities on the Kočevje region’s forests, villages, and historical peculiarities, to write the book entitled Vodni viri na Kočevskem / Wasserquellen im Gottscheerland, which was published in 2007. His different view on the area’s development and the settlement network, which was always contingent upon water, is particularly valuable. The Kočevje Regional Museum coordinated additional research of the sacral heritage, which was showcased in an exhibition in 2006. The exhibition’s extensive catalogue Sakralna dediščina na Kočevskem / Das Sakralerbe im Gotscheerland has served as a basis for all recent research. The Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts supplemented these studies with an art historical topography dealing with a part of the area of the former German linguistic island; their volume is about to be published shortly. Matjaž Ambrožič’s research is painstakingly punctilious. He wrote a book on the Kočevje parish in 2003; it is based on archival sources which were still inaccessible at the time of our research and bears the title Župnijska cerkev sv. Fabijana in Boštjana ter sv. Jerneja v Kočevju in njene podružnice. The chronicle on the Kočevska Reka parish, whose publication was prompted by the parish priest Jože Milčinovič, is extensive. Experts active in the Novo Mesto Regional Office of the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage are very diligent; the monograph about the development of the Črmošnjice parish could not have come into being without them. Books rich in content should not be left unnoticed, e.g. Mirko Oražem’s study Grčarice skozi preteklost, and other booklets, brochures, and newspaper articles, some of which are cited next to the descriptions of villages and others in the list of sources and bibliography. The acquired knowledge and new findings cannot be summed up in a single volume. The topographical book at hand is the first out of three volumes that will in the alphabetical order deal with all settlements which were populated by the Gottschee Germans; its primary goal is to preserve the memory of these villages. At the same time we wish to acquaint the broader public with the compiled material and the data on the lost villages. All former Gottschee villages are discussed, those that disappeared completely as well as those experiencing a new type of

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Lost Gottschee villages in Slovenia: Part 1A–J  

The first part of the historical and topographical survey of the Kočevje region entitled The Lost Villages of Gottschee is an update of the...

Lost Gottschee villages in Slovenia: Part 1A–J  

The first part of the historical and topographical survey of the Kočevje region entitled The Lost Villages of Gottschee is an update of the...

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