Page 1

Good deeds Bad deeds

Page 1 of 65


Content

Page 1

Introduction

3

2

Time and society dependence of concept of the good and the bad

4

3

The purpose of creation and the assignment given to men:

6

4

The test

8

5

The phrases used to identify good and bad deed in the Quran

9

6

Good deeds: - Category I: The acts of worshipping the creator

10

7

Good deeds: - Category II : The correct rational acts for interacting with fellow men, society, environment and the whole creation as a Khalifa.

17

8

Bad deeds

42

9

Conclusion

65

Page 2 of 65


Good and bad deeds An article by- Eng. B M Zafrullah Introduction: In the holy Quran, in many places it is mentioned that “those who do good deeds” they will go to heaven or will be rewarded. For instance in Chapter (Sura) 2 ,Al Baqarah, verse 25 , Almighty Allah says –“ And give good news to those who believed and do righteous good deeds, that for them will be Gardens (Paradise) beneath which rivers flow”. Allah repeats a similar message in verse 62 of the same Sura – “ Whoever believes in Allah and the Last day and does righteous good deeds , shall have their reward with their Lord. They should not have any fear, nor shall they grieve” Or in verse 82 of same sura Allah said - “But those who have faith and work righteousness, they are companions of the Garden: Therein shall they abide (For ever).” Allah again says in a different phrase in verse 195 of the same Sura – “And do good deeds, truly Allah loves the good doers.” Messages of similar nature have been repeated in many places of Holy Quran and the word “deed or action” comes 360 times in the Quran . A very significant one which I want to mention is in Sura Al Asr (Chapter 103) meaning “The Time”, where Allah the almighty stated the criteria of salvation as :1. By the time, 2. Verily , mankind is at loss, 3. Except those who believe and do righteous good deeds and recommend each other to truth and recommend each other to patience. Reading all these, a question came in my mind – What are the deeds that actually qualify as the good deeds? In Allah’s eyes which deeds are considered as good? At this moment of time ,my conscience classifies certain deeds as good and certain deeds as bad , but how far my judgment is correct there is no way of knowing it. What I may consider as a good deed may not be considered as good by my parents or my spouse or my siblings or my friends or my colleagues.So it seemed to me that the concept of good and bad is totally individual , if left to be determined by the individual! This possibility of enormous variability raised a concern in me and felt the need of standardization .But then question arises whom should be given the responsibility of standardization ? Can we leave it to our intellectuals or our leaders or parliament ? Or can we conduct a referendum on each point and take what the majority of the society or country say? Nothing seemed to me as a full proof process that will guarantee 100% correctness!

Page 3 of 65


Time and society dependence of concept of the good and the bad In every society, in every age , people assigned certain deeds as good and certain as bad. Again, a deed which was not considered as bad in the past in the same society , might be considered as bad in a later date. For instance “Satee Daho” i.e. Burning of a wife live with the dead body of a husband in India few hundred years ago or burial of female child alive after birth in Arabia thousand and four hundred years ago, was not considered as bad. In fact “Satee Daho” has been prescribed in the Veda, the ancient scripture of the Hindus. Or you can take the cases of human slaughtering in the name of sports and fun at the Amphitheaters of Roman Empire which is a manifestation of extreme brutality when absolute power rests in the hand of one man or a régime. Further examples of necessary good act can be the ritual of human sacrifice, practiced in ancient times by ancient cultures like the Incans, the Mayans or the Aztecs. It is estimated that approximately 20,000 people per year were sacrificed by the Aztec royalty. The motivation behind the ritual sacrifices was the concept of "tonalli," which means "animating spirit." The tonalli in humans was believed to be located in the blood, which concentrates in the heart when one becomes frightened. This explains the gods' hunger for the heart. Without this sacrifice, all motion stops, even the movement of the sun. So when the Aztecs made their sacrifices, they were keeping the sun from halting in its orbit! The Mayans believed that taking of a human life was deemed necessary to sanctify certain ritual occasions, such as the ascendancy to the throne by a new ruler or the dedication of a new building. Human sacrifice has long been eradicated in every society considering it as unjust and cruel ,either by collective ruling or out of religious beliefs . In this modern era of science and technology , where a big portion of the human race do not even believe in God , sacrificing a fellow man for any God will be ridiculous and unthinkable. However even in this 20th century news comes out from modern India that human sacrifices have been made to make a structure say a bridge stable or human sacrifice has been made to Goddess Kali in a remote temple by some ancient indigenous people. Conversely a deed which was considered as bad in the past may be considered as not bad or good at present. For instance Gay activities were considered as bad even in the recent past , but now by the grace of modern Democracy , Gay marriages have been legalized in many European countries ! What is good and what is bad also varied from society to society. It seemed that religion, culture, know how , the surrounding environment and how people interacted with that environment determined what will be considered as good and what as bad. For instance among some African tribes staying naked was not considered as bad or even cannibalism was considered as normal cultural behavior .In the absence of know-how of making cloths or cultivation for growing food or not being able to control the environment around them with technology ,these behaviors may have looked obvious things to do. Even in this modern time in India , the Monks of Digambar Jainism known as “Digambaras” wear no cloth at all and believe that women cannot have salvation unless they reborn as a man. Again still in modern India the Hindu Religious practices have Jogini system ,where women of the lower castes are converted to Joginis, on behalf of the temple God or Goddess she is supposed to satisfy the lust of the village men. As human society evolved and knowledge of human beings kept on increasing and man slowly started to understand part of the basic forces of nature and part of the properties of matter in the universe , values of

Page 4 of 65


a society kept on changing over time .For example cutting of Trees for various use was not considered as bad thing say 50 years ago , but now at the time of Global warming problem , cutting trees is considered to be a bad thing at least to the knowledgeable part of the society. Similarly hunting of animals of any kind was not considered as a bad thing and was considered as a part of sports and fun. But when man acquired the knowledge that every little animal, insect or plant has its distinct place and role in the sustenance of this planet and by indiscriminate hunting and de forestation many species has become instinct and many are seriously endangered of extinction, then hunting for fun or even for consumption is now considered as a bad thing to do. Recently scientists has found that there is certain type of orchid flower in the Amazons ,which’s flowers have special pollen which male bees uses during mating to attract female bees. Now how in this world earlier man would have imagined that that small orchid plant is responsible for bee reproduction and in turn responsible for the formation of a giant rain forest? So cutting down just a insignificant orchid plant might have a devastating effect in the long run! Again in the recent past smoking was considered a symbol of aristocracy or manliness .But now smoking is considered as an act done only by fools. So what is good and what is bad seemed to remain as variable and as a function of time, place, knowledge base and society. It is always said that , the human beings are born with inherent sense of what is good and what is bad. But even it is true, this sense in my opinion remains so deeply buried in an average human being that society, environment , false religion or lack of knowledge can embed ideas or acts as good or bad in one’s mind without any verification from that inherent sense system. In other words can I accurately determine from what I know today what is a good deed and what is a bad deed and will this determination pass the test of time i.e. remain valid till the end of time? By all means the answer seemed to be ‘no’. So, I thought the answer must be available in the holy Quran itself. All wise and holder of all knowledge Allah must have narrated it or indicated it in his last Testament the Holly Quran. Accordingly, I started looking for them in that vast revelation.

Page 5 of 65


The purpose of creation and the assignment given to men: And very soon in the 2nd Sura i.e. Sura Al Baqarah (the Cow) I found that Allah the all wise appropriately explained the very purpose of creation of man and when the purpose is clear then the spirit of what man should do also becomes clear save the nitty gritty of it which Allah all wise detailed over a little more than 22 years period to prophet Mohammad (pbuh) whenever he (the prophet) needed guidance on a particular issue.All these became clear to me when I came across a little story that Allah the all wise narrated which caught my eye and made me ponder deeply. The story is about the dialog Allah had with the Angels when He desired of creating man. In Chapter 2 verse 30 Allah said “Behold, thy Lord said to the angels , I will create ‘ Khaliifah’ (vicegerent/ representative/ caretaker) on earth”. They said: “will you place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood? - while we glorify You with praises and thanks and sanctify You!” He (Allah) said: ‘I know that you do not know.” Now if Allah the all mighty has created us and placed us on this earth as his vicegerent/ representative/ caretaker with all the required environment, resources, and abilities, then it must be required by us to uphold His policies and principles .We must remain loyal to Him, praise Him, remain thankful to Him, and maintain communication link with Him (as He is the Boss and the provider). To represent Him, we must show in miniature form, with very limited abilities of ours, some of the qualities Allah posses. Now if you think about Allah who beside binge the almighty and creator of all the Worlds has all the knowledge and wisdom possible will logically be Just, truthful, kind, full of love ,caring, considerate, compassionate, merciful ,sincere, etc .and all other good qualities that you can possibly think of .So obviously Allah expects us (whom He nominated as Khaliifah) to be knowledgeable ( He has given us the capability to gain knowledge to a certain extent) and to posses all the possible good qualities we can think of and do good deeds and properly take care of His creations -this universe, this planet, it’s environment, resources He has implanted for us , fellow man, animals, plants in other words everything in this universe. Again Allah is informing us in Chapter 2, verse 27 and in chapter 7 verse 172 that we as offspring of Adam (pbuh) in our soul state have ratified strong covenant to Allah that He is our creator and Lord and that we will remain loyal to Him (though we don’t remember it now). Allah in Chapter 2, verse 27 therefore saying that He has instructed not to break this relationship of Creator and Khaliifah and He is narrating that “those who break Allah’s Covenant after ratifying it and sever what Allah has ordered to be joined (i.e. that relationship) and do mischief on earth, it is they who are the losers”. Therefore Allah does not want us to break the relationship and therefore want us to remain pure , do all right and just things yet enjoy the bounties and good things He has provided for us on this earth . In fact He has provided all things that we need, so we need to fulfill our obligation as Khaliifah and regularly turn our face to him in gratitude and maintain that relationship, though he has given us weaknesses like hunger ,lust, pride, anger, envy etc. On the other hand, he has given us the biggest brain in the animal kingdom and hands with flexible fingers and abilities to judge right from wrong , provided us with qualities like patience ,able to love unconditionally ,compassion , humbleness etc and ability to attain highest form of purity and wisdom through gaining knowledge and His guidance and thus overcome those weaknesses. Allah continued the story He was narrating in Chapter 2 verse 30 and depicted the story of how the first man Adam (pbuh) and his wife lost the place in Paradise because of disobeying Allah by the conspiracy of

Page 6 of 65


Satan (Iblish) and Allah said to them ( Adam ,Eve and Iblish) “get you down all, with enmity between yourselves .On earth will be a dwelling place for you and an enjoyment for a time ( Chapter 2, verse 36) . So Adam, Eve (pbut) and Iblish were sent to earth and Adam and Eve (pbut) repented to Allah who pardoned them and said to them “get down all of you from this place ( the Paradise) , then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and who ever follows My Guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve (Chapter 2, verse 38) . So by the passage of time, whenever mankind forgot the relationship with the creator the all mighty Allah, He sent guidance to mankind through his selected Warner the Prophets. His last revelation being the Quran, definitely it is expected to be filled with complete guidance. So I kept looking in His last revelation for the Guidance He promised and in an attempt to list out the ‘do’s and the ‘do not’s. While doing so my past life flashed back on me, I remembered that once I was a Government servant in my country and the highest ranked officers were those who were in the so called cadre service and they were taught and are supposed to follow two things – one is the ‘Business Rules’ and the other the ‘Conduct Rules’. In the business rules the hierarchy of authority and the processes of doing the assigned business are defined and in the conduct rules what an officer should or should not do while he or she is in service are laid out. When I was going through the translation of the Quran, it seemed to me that Allah the all mighty has given both the Business Rules’ and the ‘Conduct Rules’ for His Khaliifas in the same book. As we have forgotten our covenant with the creator Allah ( in fact the Arabic word for man “Insun” actually means the one who forgets) , the first thing He is saying Chapter (Sura) 2 ,Al Baqarah, verse 25 of the Quran is to “believe” (in Islamic monotheism- i.e. There is only one God who is the creator, the sustainer, the cherisher and that since the arrival of man on earth, time to time He has sent His guidance i.e. revelations to His Prophets who in turn have spread it to their people or the mankind, that He has assigned up on us a special responsibility to function as His Khaliifa on this earth for a limited period and after we finish our term which will be ended through our death, He is going to take account of what we have done in the allotted time on the day of judgment and reward or punish us according to our deeds that we have performed during the period we were alive). Then He is saying to do righteous good deeds, which should be a natural consequence of that firm belief. The man or the woman who believed (all that I wrote in the foregoing parenthesis) and considers himself or herself as His Khalifa shall only do righteous good deeds because those deeds normally a Khalifa would do.

Page 7 of 65


The test:

Allah the almighty and all wise created the angels who do not have their free wills and they are like robots who precisely carry out Allah’s command whenever He commands. But it seems that Allah wanted to create something with high intelligence but with free will , with a sense of what is good and what is bad built in their hearts , but with weaknesses like hunger ,lust, pride, anger, envy etc in one hand but provided with qualities like patience ,able to love unconditionally ,compassion , humbleness , kindness , ability to become affectionate, sacrifice for others , to share etc on the other hand and He wanted to see can intelligence win despite there is the free will to choose evil. One has to realize that Allah gave mankind the brain to gradually acquire and accumulate knowledge about the things around them on this planet and beyond and the ability to write and read and He Also time to time sent the guidance and divine knowledge through His Messengers and reminded mankind the purpose of its existence , the dos and do nots and the way of achieving real peace. He incidentally has also sent Iblish (Satan) to this earth with certain abilities to raise the stake , who’s prime job will be to misguide mankind from the true path. So here lies the test, do a man with intelligence , with ability to read ,to write , to hear and speak and with the good qualities given to him/her uses his/her free will to choose the truth and right path or he or she chooses the false and the wrong path and do harm to themselves and to others.

Page 8 of 65


The phrases used to identify good and bad deed in the Quran For the sake of understanding the theme explained so far, let me repeat what Allah the all mighty said in Chapter (Sura) 2 ,Al Baqarah, verse 25 , Almighty Allah said –“ And give good news to those who believed and do righteous good deeds, that for them will be Gardens (Paradise) beneath which rivers flow”. The Arabic words used for righteous good deed is “ Amilus Saalihaati “ and as stated earlier these words were repeated several time in the Quran. Now how do we identify the “ Amilus Saalihaati “ ? The answer is ,in the Holy Quran, Allah the all wise have used certain phrases to describe what is a good deed ( i.e. Amilus Saalihaati) . For example while defining good deeds Allah has said one or other of the following      

“Those who does this, this and these , they are at the right path” “Those who does this, this and these , give glad tiding to them that for them there is rewards for instance a place in heaven Successful are those who does this this and this Defined who can be called as a pious (Al Muttaqun) or a believer (Mumin) Allah loves those who does this, this and this. Allah is with them who does this , this and this. Or Allah the most merciful has straight forward said - do this ,this and this

Oppositely, while defining bad deeds or bad doers Allah has said one or other of the following      

And those do this ,this and this , they are the losers. Woe to those who does this and this And those do this ,this and this, they shall be consigned to grievous torment And those do this ,this and this, Hell in which they will burn and what a evil place to settle in ! For doing some thing Allah has said that there will be some sort of punishment For those acts Allah says it negates the Iman ( the belief) Allah the most merciful has straight forward said - do not do this, this and this

Now as I have referred to the examples of my Government service where we had do deeds which fall under two categories i.e. the deed following the Rules of Business and those following the conduct rule , the righteous good deeds can also be divide into two categories , deeds which are directly involved in keeping the Khaliifa- Creator “link/contact “, in other words the acts of worshiping the creator ,the sustainer, the cherisher – say deeds like praying (Salah), fasting for the sake of Allah, charity (Zakat) in the name of Allah, pilgrimage (Haj) for the sake of Allah etc and good deeds which are involving our conduct with the outside world ,i.e. with fellow man, society, environment and the whole creation. The acts of worships are well known. What I was interested in was good deed of the second category involving our interactions in our daily life with fellow man, society, animals, environment and the whole creation. The good deeds that if you recognize and perform will take you to the highest level of Character and make your heart 100% pure. However I will list out both types of the Good deeds and the bad deeds.

Page 9 of 65


Good deeds: - Category I: The acts of worshipping the creator Sl. No.

1

2

Good deeds

To believe in the Ghaib i.e.the unseen ( Allah, Day of resurrection, all kitabs (Books from Allah) Angels, Allahs messengers, Heaven, Hell etc)

Reference of the Quran

Chapter 2, verse 3

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

( They are the Muttaqun) Who believe in the unseen and who Pray (perform As Salat) and spend out of what we have provided for them

Allah is giving Definition of Al Muttaqun (the pious and righteous persons who fear Allah much and thus abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden and love Allah much and thus perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)

Chapter 2, verse 3

( They are the Muttaqun) Who believe in the unseen and who Pray (perform As Salat) and spend out of what we have provided for them

Chapter 2, verse 177

It is not piety or righteousness (Al Birr) that you turn your faces towards east or west (in prayers) but those possesses Al Birr are the one who believes in Allah, the last day ,the Angels, the Book, the prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it to the kinsfolk, to the orphans and to the poor and wayfarer and to those who ask (seek help) and to set slaves free, pray (perform al salat),

Pray (perform Salat),

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

It the basis of the religion

“I am the Lord st your God” – 1 commandmentold testament

As above

a)If you believe in the existence of one God (Allah) who is the Creator of all things, the Cherisher, the Sustainer , Lord of the day of judgment ,all kind, merciful etc.etc. and He has nominated you as His vicegerent, then automatically your head will bow down to Him in respect, gratitude and love.

Allah is giving Definition of Al Birr (piety, righteousness ) and Al Muttaqun ( the pious)

b) Through this (prayer) Allah has allowed you (men) to be in front of Him when ever you stand in prayer and communicate with him , pay your respect and gratitude and seek help directly , on a one to one communication basis with out a via media.

Page 10 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

Reference of the Quran

Chapter 2, verse 177, continued…

The verse (English translation)

Significance

Offering As Salat ( prayer) in designated times is compulsory for every believer .In the previous verse (102) Allah has described how to perform Salat during War, i.e. one group will pray with arms and the other will guard and in verse 103 Allah is telling what the believer should do after such Salat during the War.

c) Praying in congregation make you realize that in Allah’s eye every man is equal ,be him poor or rich, black or white ,you have to stand shoulder to shoulder in the empty place available in a row.No body has a special preference and it promotes equality& brotherhood Allah is guiding the Prophet Mohammed (PUH) and his followers how to perform Salat during War time and thus underlining the importance of offering Salat in congregation and establishing the fact that under no circumstance Salat can be given up or delayed by an able (mentally) believer.

gives the Zakat (compulsory charity who has wealth equal or more than 85 grams of gold) , who fulfill their covenant when they make it ,and who are patient in extreme poverty and diseases and the time of battle.Such are the people of the truth and they are the Al Muttaqun (pious )

2 Pray (perform Salat) , continued…

Remarks

Chapter 4, verse 103,

When you have finished (Congregational) prayers, remember Allah., standing, sitting down, or lying down on your sides; but when you are free from danger, set up Regular Prayers: For such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times.

Chapter 74, verse 43

They will say: "We were not of those who used to offer the Salât (prayers)

Similar commands in other scripts

Page 11 of 65


Sl. No.

3

Good deeds

Give money/wealth/crops /cattle in compulsory charity (the Zakat) to the poor and needy, if you have an annual saving for instance equal or more than 85 grams of pure gold ( and other criteria applicable for harvest and other wealth)

Reference of the Quran

Chapter 2, verse 177

The verse (English translation)

See the details given for sl.no. 2

Remarks

Significance

Allah is giving Definition of Al Muttaqun (the pious) and one of the qualities of a Muttaqun is that he/she gives Zakat

A brilliant social strategy designed by Allah the all wise so that wealth does not remain accumulated in the hands of the rich only and the poor die in hunger. This scheme does not ensure equal distribution of wealth ,as socialism or so called Egalitarianism promotes, but it ensures that people who has plenty do distribute a portion of it to the poor and the needy. If you think ,the ideal situation of every body having exactly the same amount of wealth and facilities in life is not feasible. As then there would be no challenges in life , and no room for man to make use of the qualities of compassionateness, kindness and mercy as there will be nobody to give to! It is to be noted here that though Islam does not advocate for equal wealth for every body as the political doctrine Egalitarianism prescribes , it does ensure other aspects of Egalitarianism i.e. equal status to all man -poor or rich , black or white , male or female.

Similar commands in other scripts

Page 12 of 65


Sl. No.

3

4

Good deeds

Give money/wealth/crops /cattle in compulsory charity (the Zakat) to the poor and needy, if you have an annual saving for instance equal or more than 85 grams of pure gold ( and other criteria applicable for harvest and other wealth) , continued…

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 2, verse 110

And pray (perform As Salat) and give Zakat and whatever is good you send forth for yourself before you, you shall find it with Allah …

Chapter 7, verse 156

…My mercy embraces all things. That (mercy) I will ordain for those who are the righteous(Al Muttaqun) and give Zakat

Allah is declaring that He will be merciful to those who gives Zakat

Chapter 2, verse 277

Truly, those who believe and do deeds of righteousness and perform As Salat (pray), and give Zakat, they will have their reward with their Lord…

In verse 41 Allah is telling the guilty will be asked for what reasons you are thrown to Hell? And they will reply…

Chapter 2, verse 183

O you believe , Observing the Fasting ( As Saum) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you , that you may become the pious (Al Muttaqun)

Allah is prescribing to do Fasting which will help us to become more pious

Chapter 2, verse 185

The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind and clear proof for the guidance and criterion (between right & wrong). So whoever of you sights the month ,he/she must observe Saum(Fast) that month and…

Fasting ( As Saum) for the sake of Allah

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Page 13 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 3, verse 96

Verily , the first house (of warship) appointed for mankind was that of Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing and a guidance for Al Amin (the mankind & Jinn)

Chapter 3, verse 97

In it are manifest signs (for example), the Maqam (place) of Ibrahim (Abraham); whoever enters it, he/she attains security.And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Kabah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allah, those who can afford the expense, and whoever disbelieves then Allah stands not in need of any of the Al Amin (the mankind &,Jinn and all that exists)

Chapter 3, verse 97

Verily As Safa and Al Marwah are of the symbols of Allah.So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or Umrah of the House (Kabah) to perform the going (Tawaf) between them

Chapter 3, verse 97

And perform properly the Hajj & Umrah for Allah‌.

5 Make pilgrimage to Makkah ( the Hajj)

Chapter 2, verse 198 Chapter 2, verse 199

Remarks

Significance

Allah is advising us that the fist House of worship appointed by Him was in Makkah.(not necessarily the present one)

Man need a reference or a place to congregate to feel close to Allah and remember Him and to supplicate .It is a place full of blessing. And the pilgrimage itself teaches that all

Going to Makkah for pilgrimage is a obligation mankind owes to Allah whoever can effort it.

man & women in this world are equal and that the whole mankind is one kind created by Allah from a single pair. It is a place where you will get the feeling of oneness as a mankind. It is a kind of simulation of the last day of judgment when all mankind will be in front of Allah for their verdict.

Similar commands in other scripts

It is no crime in you if you seek of the bounty of your Lord (during pilgrimage) . Then when you leave Arafat, remember Allah at Muzdalifah (Mash ar il Haram) and remember Him as He has guided you and verily you were before of those who were astray.

Page 14 of 65


Sl. No.

5

6

Good deeds

Make pilgrimage to Makkah ( the Hajj) (contd.)

To pray in the last hours of the night

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 2, verse 203

Then return from the place (Arafat) whence all the people depart and ask for Allah’s forgiveness. For Allah is oft Forgiving and Most Merciful. And remember Allah during the appointed days ( 3 days at Mina)…

Chapter 3, verse 17

(They are )Those who show patience, Firmness and selfcontrol; who are true (in Faith,words and deeds); who worship devoutly; who spend (in the way of Allah.; and who pray for forgiveness in the early hours of the morning

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Allah is saying in the preceding verse who the believers are- (Namely), those who say: "Our Lord! we have indeed believed: forgive us, then, our sins, and save us from the agony of the Fire;” and then He went further describing the characteristics of those believers in verse 17.

Page 15 of 65


Good deeds: - Category II : The correct rational acts for interacting with fellow men, society, environment and the whole creation as a Khalifa. Sl. No.

1

Good deeds

Give money/wealth in charity to the poor and needy

Reference of the Quran

Chapter 2, verse 177

Chapter 3, verse 134

2

3

To feed the poor

Spend in Allah’s way ( in charity)

The verse (English translation) It is not piety or righteousness (Al Birr) that you turn your faces towards east or west (in prayers) but those possesses Al Birr are the one who believes in Allah, the last day ,the Angels, the Book, the prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it to the kinsfolk, to the orphans and to the poor and wayfarer and to those who ask (seek help) and to set slaves free, pray (perform al salat), gives the Zakat (compulsory charity who has wealth equal or more than 85 grams of gold) , who fulfill their covenant when they make it ,and who are patient in extreme poverty and diseases and the time of battle.Such are the people of the truth and they are the Al Muttaqun (pious ) Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men;- for Allah loves those who do good;-

Chapter 74, verse 44

"Nor we used to feed Al-Miskin (the poor);

Chapter 57, verse 7

Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and spend (in charity) out of the (substance) whereof He has made you heirs, For, those of you who believe and spend (in charity)― for them is a great Reward

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Allah is giving Definition of Al Muttaqun (the pious)

Allah is qualifying that to give charity is a good deed and Allah love them who does so. In verse 41 Allah is telling the guilty will be asked for what reasons you are thrown to Hell? And they will reply…

Charity can be given even when you are poor, because there will always be somebody poorer than you!

Page 16 of 65


Sl. No.

3

4

Good deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 57, verse 11

Who is he that will lend Allah a goodly loan, then (Allah) will increase it manifold to his credit (in repaying), and he will have (besides) a good reward (i.e. Paradise).

Chapter 57, verse 18

Verily the alms-giving men and alms-giving women--and they are lending unto Allah a goodly lone--it shall be multiplied for them and theirs shall be a hire honourable.

Chapter 2, verse 2

This is the Book (the Quran), whereof there is no doubt, in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who fear Allah.( Al Muttaqun)

Spend in Allah’s way ( in charity) cont….

Remain content with what Allah has provided and spend out of it ( spend for self and family and give charity)

Chapter 2, verse 3

Chapter 2, verse 83 5

Be dutiful and good to parents Chapter 2, verse 215,

Who believe in the Unseen(Ghaib), are steadfast in prayer(As Salat), and spend out of what We have provided for them(give Zakat, spend on themselves, their parents, their children, their wives and give charity to the poor and Allah’s cause) And remember when We took a covenant from the Children of Israel (the Jews) that Worship none but Allah and be dutiful and good to parents, and to kindred and to orphans and the poor ,speak fair to the people… They ask thee what they should spend (in charity) .Say: Whatever wealth ye spend that is good, is for parents and kindred and orphans ….

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

What was a command to Jews, Allah is repeating them in Quran, signifying they are still valid

“Honor your father and th mother”-5 commandmentold testament

Allah is giving Definition of Al Muttaqun (the pious)

Allah in a nut shell defining the good deeds as He did for the Jews earlier

Allah is giving guidance on spending money in charity and surprisingly spending money for Parents and kindred is the number one!

Page 17 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Chapter 4, verse 36,

Worship Allah, and join not any partners with Him; and do good- to parents ..For Allah loveth not the proud, the vainglorious

To do good to Parents is of such importance that it is coming after worshiping Allah!

Chapter 6, verse 151,

5 Be dutiful and good to parents cont…

Chapter 16, verse 90,

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Say ( O Muhammad) “Come I recite what your Lord has prohibited for you from: Join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents, Kill not your children because of poverty… ….. Allah commands justice (Al Adl) and Al- Ihsan( to be patient in performing your duties to Allah), the doing of good, and liberality to kith and kin, and He forbids all evil deeds (Al Fahsha) and Al Munkar (i.e. all that are prohibited by Islamic law), and oppression( Al Baghy): He instructs you, that ye may receive admonition

Chapter 17, verse 23

And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him, and that you be dutiful to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of contempt, nor shout at them, but address them in terms of honour.

Chapter 17, verse 24

And, out of kindness, lower to them the wing of humility, and say: "My Lord! bestow on them thy Mercy as they did bring me up/cherished me in my childhood.

To do good to Parents is of such importance that it is coming after worshiping Allah! Such a beautiful way Allah is teaching us how to pray to Him for our parents who loved us and taken care of us selflessly .

Page 18 of 65


Sl. No.

5

Good deeds

Be dutiful and good to parents cont…

Reference of the Quran

Chapter 31, verse 14

Chapter 2, verse 177 6

Be good to kindred (relatives)

And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents: His mother bore him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship , and his weaning is in two years : (hear the command), "Give thanks to Me and to your parents :Unto Me is thy final destination. …Al Birr is (the quality of) one who believes in Allah , the last day, the Angels, the Books , the prophets and gives his wealth , in spite of love for it to the kinsfolk (relatives) ,orphans and to poor and to wayfarer (musafir)…

Chapter 2, verse 83

And remember when We took a covenant from the Children of Israel (the Jews) that Worship none but Allah and be dutiful and good to parents, and to kindred….

Chapter 2, verse 83

And remember when We took a covenant from the Children of Israel (the Jews) that Worship none but Allah and be dutiful and good to parents, and to kindred and to orphans and the poor …

Chapter 2, verse 177

…Al Birr is (the quality of) one who believes in Allah , the last day, the Angels, the Books , the prophets and gives his wealth , in spite of love for it to the kinsfolk (relatives) ,orphans and to poor and to wayfarer (musafir)…

Chapter 2, verse 215

They ask thee what they should spend (in charity) .Say: Whatever wealth ye spend that is good, is for parents and kindred and orphans..

7 Be good to orphans

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Allah is defining Al Birr/ Al Muttaqun

Allah in a nut shell defining the good deeds as He did for the Jews earlier

What was a command to Jews,Allah is repeating them in Quran, signifying they are still valid

Page 19 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

7 Be good to orphans (contd.)

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 2, verse 220

…..They ask thee concerning orphans. Say: "The best thing to do is to work honestly in their property, if ye mix their affairs with yours then they are your brothers; And Allah knows the man who means mischief ( e.g. to swallow their property)from the man who means good. And if Allah had wished, He could have put you into difficulties: Truly Allah is All-Mighty and AllWise."

Chapter 93, verse 9

Therefore, treat not the orphan with harshness,

Chapter 90, verse 12

And what will make you know the path that is steep?

Chapter 90, verse 13

(It is) Freeing a neck (slave)

Chapter 90, verse 14

Or giving food in a day of hunger (famine),

Chapter 90, verse 15

To an orphan near of kin.

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

In verse 6 Allah is saying to Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) “Did He (Allah) not find thee an orphan and give thee shelter (and care)?” So Allah is saying treat not the orphan with harshness In verse 12 Allah is defining what is actually steep path(meaning good deeds), He is telling giving food to orphan during famine is a good deed.

Page 20 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 2, verse 83

And remember when We took a covenant from the Children of Israel (the Jews) that Worship none but Allah and be dutiful and good to parents, and to kindred and to orphans and to the poor …

Chapter 93, verse 10

8 Be good to the poor (masakin)

Chapter 2, verse 215

Chapter 17, verse 26 Chapter 30, verse 38

Nor repulse the beggar (unheard)

They ask thee what they should spend (in charity) .Say: Whatever wealth ye spend that is good, is for parents and kindred and orphans and the poor (Al Masakin) and the wayfarers And give to kinsman (relatives) his due and to the poor ( miskin)and to the wayfarer.But ………… So give what is due to kindred, the needy, and the wayfarer. That is best for those who seek the Countenance, of Allah, and it is they who will prosper

Chapter 90, verse 12

And what will make you know the path that is steep?

Chapter 90, verse 13

(It is) Freeing a neck (slave)

Chapter 90, verse 14

Or giving food in a day of hunger (famine),

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

In verse 8 Allah is saying to Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) “Did He ( Allah) not find thee as poor and made you rich?” So Allah is saying treat not the beggar with harshness, rather be kind to them

Page 21 of 65


Sl. No.

8

Good deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 90, verse 15

To an orphan near of kin

Be good to the poor (masakin) (contd). Chapter 90, verse 16

Or to the indigent (down) in the dust.

Chapter 2, verse 177

Al Birr is (the quality of) one who believes in Allah , the last day, the Angels, the Books , the prophets and gives his wealth , in spite of love for it to the kinsfolk (relatives) ,orphans and to poor and to wayfarer (musafir)… and those who ask (seek help) and to set slaves free, pray (perform al salat), gives the Zakat (compulsory charity who has wealth equal or more than 85 grams of gold) , who fulfill their covenant when they make it

9 Be good to the wayfarer Chapter 2, verse 215

Chapter 17, verse 26 Chapter 30, verse 38

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

In verse 12 Allah is defining what is actually steep path(meaning good deeds), He is telling giving food to poor during famine is a good deed.

They ask thee what they should spend (in charity) .Say: Whatever wealth ye spend that is good, is for parents and kindred and orphans and the poor (Al Masakin) and the wayfareres And give to kinsman (relatives) his due and to the poor ( miskin)and to the wayfarer.But ………… So give what is due to kindred, the needy, and the wayfarer. That is best for those who seek the Countenance, of Allah, and it is they who will prosper

Page 22 of 65


Sl. No.

10

Good deeds

Be good to needy or who requests for help

Reference of the Quran

Chapter 2, verse 177

Chapter 2, verse 177 11

Spend money for the ransom of Slaves or freeing a slave

Chapter 4, verse 92

The verse (English translation) Al Birr is (the quality of) one who believes in Allah , the last day, the Angels, the Books , the prophets and gives his wealth , in spite of love for it to the kinsfolk (relatives) ,orphans and to poor and to wayfarer (musafir)… and those who ask (seek help) and to set slaves free, pray (perform al salat), gives the Zakat (compulsory charity who has wealth equal or more than 85 grams of gold) , who fulfill their covenant when they make it Al Birr is (the quality of) one who believes in Allah , the last day, the Angels, the Books , the prophets and gives his wealth , in spite of love for it to the kinsfolk (relatives) ,orphans and to poor and to wayfarer (musafir)… and those who ask (seek help) and to set slaves free, pray (perform al salat), gives the Zakat (compulsory charity who has wealth equal or more than 85 grams of gold) , who fulfill their covenant when they make it Never should a believer kill a believer; but (If it so happens) by mistake, (Compensation is due): If one (so) kills a believer, it is ordained that he should free a believing slave, and pay compensation to the deceased's family, unless they remit it freely…….

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Allah is defining Al Birr/ Al Muttaqun

Allah is defining Al Birr/ Al Muttaqun

Allah did not directly ban Slavery, but kept freeing a slave as one of the excellent good deed and thus kept a way for early Muslims do a good deed by freeing a slave and at the same time framed a mechanism to eradicate slavery in that process.

Allah kept freeing a Slave as a means to pay compensation for killing somebody accidentally .It is to be noted that even if you do not posses a slave , you may pay for his/her freedom.

Page 23 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

Reference of the Quran

Chapter 5, verse 89

11

Spend money for the ransom of Slaves or freeing a slave, cont..

Chapter 24, verse 33

Chapter 58, verse 3

The verse (English translation) Allah will not punish you for what is unintentional in your oaths, but He will punish you for your deliberate oaths: for expiation, feed ten poor persons, on a scale of the average for the food of your families; or clothe them; or give a slave his freedom. If that is beyond your means, fast for three days. That is the expiation for the oaths ye have sworn. But keep to your oaths. Thus doth Allah make clear to you His signs, that ye may be grateful. Let those who find not the wherewithal for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allah gives them means out of His grace. And if any of your slaves ask for a deed in writing (to enable them to earn their freedom for a certain sum or some thing), give them such a deed if ye know any good in them: And give them something yourselves out of the means which Allah has given to you. But those who divorce their wives by Zihar (saying that you are to me like the back of my mother) then wish to go back on the words they uttered,- (It is ordained that such a one) should free a slave before they touch each other: That is an admonition to you (so that you may not repeat such an ill thing)and Allah is well acquainted with (all) that you do.

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Allah is actually asking to free the slaves

Allah once again kept freeing a slave as a way to repent. Also Allah is trying to be strong with people who takes marriage lightly and divorce their wife with out thinking properly.

Page 24 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Significance

Allah is defining what actually mean to be in the steep path i.e. the path of truth

So Allah is declaring that those who 1. frees a slave 2. Gives food in a day of hunger (famine),3. Gives food to orphan 4. or to poor (Miskin) they are who belongs to the believers. In other words Allah is telling if you want to be good Muslim, free a slave!

11

Spend money for the ransom of Slaves or freeing a slave, cont..

Chapter 90, Surat Al Balad (The City, verses 1-18

1.I swear by this City ( Makkah)

2. And thou are a freeman of this City;Chapter 90, Surat Al Balad (The City, verses 1-18, cont‌

Similar commands in other scripts

3. And by the begetter (i.e. Adam ) and which he begot (i.e. his progeny) 4. Verily We have created man into toil and struggle. 5.Does he think that none has power over him? 6. He may say (boastfully); Wealth have I squandered in abundance! 7. Does he think that none sees him? 8. Have We not made for him a pair of eyes?9. And a tongue, and a pair of lips?10. And shown him the two highways? 11. But he hath made no haste on the path that is steep.

Page 25 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

12. And what will explain to thee the path that is steep?13. It is freeing a neck (slave) 14. Or the giving of food in a day of hunger 15. To the orphan with claims of relationship,

11 Spend money for the ransom of Slaves or freeing a slave, cont..

16. Or to the poor(down) in the dust. 17. Then he becomes of those who believe, and enjoin patience, (constancy, and self-restraint), and enjoin deeds of kindness and compassion. 18. Such are the Companions of the Right Hand ( i.e. the dwellers of Paradise)

12

To fulfill the Contracts/ pledge one makes

Chapter 2, verse 177

Al Birr is (the quality of) one who believes in Allah , the last day, the Angels, the Books , the prophets and gives his wealth , in spite of love for it to the kinsfolk (relatives) ,orphans and to poor and to wayfarer (musafir)‌ and those who ask (seek help) and to set slaves free, pray (perform al salat), gives the Zakat (compulsory charity who has wealth equal or more than 85 grams of gold) , who fulfill their covenant when they make it

Chapter 3, verse

Yes.- Whoever fulfils his pledge and fears Allah much,-verily Allah loves those who act aright (Al Muttaqun- the pious)

Allah is defining Al Birr/ Al Muttaqun

Page 26 of 65


Sl. No.

12

13

Good deeds

To fulfill the Contracts/ pledge one makes (contd.)

To remain firm and patient in pain or suffering and adversity

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 5, verse

O ye who believe! Fulfill (all) obligations.

Chapter 17, verse 34

Come not nigh to the orphan's property except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength; and fulfill (every) covenant, for (every) covenant will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).

Chapter 70, verse 32

And those who keep their trusts and covenants;

Chapter 2, verse 153

O you who believe! seek help in patience and perseverance and (As Salat) the prayer. Truly, Allah is with As Sabirun (patient).

Chapter 2, verse 177

‌Al Birr is (the quality of) one who believes in Allah , the last day, the Angels, the Books , the prophets and gives his wealth , in spite of love for it to the kinsfolk (relatives) ,orphans and to poor and to wayfarer (musafir)‌ and those who ask (seek help) and to set slaves free, pray (perform al salat), gives the Zakat (compulsory charity who has wealth equal or more than 85 grams of gold) , who fulfill their covenant when they make it ,and who are patient in extreme poverty and diseases and the time of battle.

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

In verse 35 Allah is telling who will be honored with heaven.

Page 27 of 65


Sl. No.

13

Good deeds

To remain firm and patient in pain or suffering and adversity, cont‌

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Chapter 3, verse 17

(They are viz True believers) Those who are patient,; who are true (in Faith, words and deeds); and obedient and worship devoutly; who spend (in the way of Allah.) and who pray for forgiveness in the last hours of the night.

Allah is defining a true believer and Allah said in verse 16 “Those who say,Our Lord ,we have indeed believed..�

Chapter 103, verse 1-3

1.By the time,

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

2.Verily , mankind is at loss, 3.Except those who believe and do righteous good deeds and recommend each other to truth and recommend each other to patience. Chapter 3, verse 200

Chapter 13, verse 22

Chapter 22, verse 35

O you who believe! Endure and be more patient (than your enemy) and vie in such perseverance; strengthen each other; and fear Allah. that ye may prosper Those who remain patient, seeking the countenance of their Lord; Establish regular prayers; spend, out of (the gifts) We have bestowed for their sustenance, secretly and openly; and turn off Evil with good: for such there is the final attainment of the (eternal) home To those whose hearts are filled with fear when Allah is mentioned, who patiently bear whatever may befall the ( of calamities), keep up regular prayer, and spend (in charity) out of what We have bestowed upon them

Page 28 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

13 To remain firm and patient in pain or suffering and adversity, cont‌

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 31, verse 17

O my son! establish regular prayer, enjoin what is good (just), and forbid what is wrong: and bear with patience whatever befalls you; for this is firmness (of purpose) in (the conduct of) affairs.

Chapter 39, verse 10

Say: "O ye my servants who believe! Fear your Lord: Good is (the reward) for those who do good in this world. Spacious is Allah's earth! Those who patiently persevere will truly receive a reward without measure

Chapter 90, Surat Al Balad(The City) ,verses 1217

12. And what will explain to thee the path that is steep?-

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

In verse 12 Allah is defining what is actually steep path(meaning good deeds), He is telling whoever give food to poor during famine is etc etc will then become a Momen who advice each other to have patience.

13. It is freeing a neck (slave) 14. Or the giving of food in a day of hunger 15. To the orphan with claims of relationship, 16. Or to the poor(down) in the dust. 17. Then he becomes of those who believe, and enjoin patience, (constancy, and self-restraint), and enjoin deeds of kindness and compassion.

Page 29 of 65


Sl. No.

13

Good deeds

To remain firm and patient in pain or suffering and adversity, cont…

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Chapter 103, verse 3

Except those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth (i.e. order one another to perform all kinds of good deeds (AlMa'ruf) which Allah has ordained, and abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds (Al-Munkar) which Allah has forbidden), and recommend one another to patience (for the sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter in Allah’s Cause during preaching His religion of Islamic Monotheism or Jihâd).

Allah is telling in chapter 103 Verse 2 that mankind is actually at loss, except those people defined in verse 3.

12. And what will explain to thee the path that is steep?-

In verse 12 Allah is defining what is actually steep path(meaning good deeds), He is telling whoever give food to poor during famine is etc etc will then become a Momen who advice each other to have pity and compassion .

Chapter 90, Surat Al Balad(The City),verses 12-17 14 To adjoin compassion.

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

13. It is freeing a neck (slave) 14. Or the giving of food in a day of hunger 15. To the orphan with claims of relationship, 16. Or to the poor(down) in the dust. 17. Then he becomes of those who believe, and enjoin patience, (constancy, and self-restraint), and enjoin deeds of kindness and compassion.

Page 30 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

Reference of the Quran

15

To remain pure and clean

Chapter 2, verse 222

16

Speak fair to the people

Chapter 2, verse 83

17

(To say those words that are the best)

Chapter 17, verse 53

18

The verse (English translation) They ask thee concerning women's courses……..He loves those who keep themselves pure and clean And remember when We took a covenant from the Children of Israel (the Jews) that Worship none but Allah and be dutiful and good to parents, and to kindred and to orphans and the poor ,speak fair to the poeple… Say to My servants that they should (only) say those words that are best: for Satan doth sows a state of conflict and disagreement among them: For Satan is to man an avowed enemy.

Chapter 2, verse 152

Therefore remember Me; I will remember you. Be grateful to Me (for my countless favours on you), and reject not Faith.

Chapter 7, verse 10

It is We Who have placed you with authority on earth, and provided you therein with means for the fulfillment of your life: Little thanks do you give!

Chapter 2, verse 172

O you who believe! Eat of the good things that We have provided for you, and be grateful to Allah, if it is Him you worship.

Chapter 16, verse 114

So eat of the sustenance which Allah has provided for you, lawful and good; and be grateful for the favours of Allah, if it is He Whom you worship

To remain grateful to Allah

Remarks

Significance

Allah in a nut shell defining the good deeds as He did for the Jews earlier

What was a command to Jews,Allah is repeating them in Quran, signifying they are still valid

Allah is telling the Arabs

Is actually applicable for whole human kind and Allah is directly telling what to do

Similar commands in other scripts

Page 31 of 65


Sl. No.

19

Good deeds

Always do justice in measurements & weighing and give due shares to others

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Chapter 6, verse 152

“And come not near to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he (or she) attains the age of full strength; and give full measure and full weight with justice , …..

In previous verse 151, Allah is telling Muhammad (pbuh) to tell mankind what Allah has forbidden and in verse 152 Allah is continuing.

Chapter 6, verse 152

To the Madyan people We sent Shu'aib, one of their own brethren: he said: "O my people! worship Allah. Ye have no other god but Him. Now hath come unto you a clear (Sign) from your Lord! Give just measure and weight, nor withhold from the people the things that are their due; and do no mischief on the earth after it has been set in order: that will be best for you, if ye have Faith

Chapter 11, verse 84

"And O my people! give just measure and weight, and reduce not the things that are due to the people: commit not evil in the land with intent to do mischief

Chapter 11,verse 85

And observe the weight with justice and do not make the balance deficient

Chapter 55,verse 9

So establish weight with justice and fall not short in the balance.

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Allah is referring in this Sura (55)that He has set the Sun and the moon and every thing in the Heavens with perfect measure and balance, so man should also practice weight and balance with equity and when question comes to give some thing to some body give with justice.

Page 32 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Chapter 2, verse 195

And spend of your substance in the cause of Allah, and make not your own hands contribute to (your) destruction; but do good; for Allah loveth those who do good

Allah loves those who spend in the cause of Allah

Chapter 2, verse 245 20

To spend ones wealth and money in the path of Allah Chapter 2, verse 261

Chapter 3, verse 134

21

22

To do charity behind the screen ( To spend ones wealth and money in the path of Allah and then not to talk about it or remind the receiver of ones generosity ) To restrain anger

Who is he that will loan to Allah a beautiful loan, so that Allah may multiply it to him many times? It is Allah that decreases or increases (your provisions) and to Him your shall return. The parable of those who spend their wealth in the cause of Allah is that of a grain of corn: it grows seven ears, and each ear has a hundred grains. Allah gives manifold increase to whom He wills: And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creature’s needs and He knoweth all things. Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men;- for Allah loves those who do good;-

Allah is saying to give in charity shall be as if you are giving loan to Allah!

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

How much importance Allah has given to charity is evident from this verse.

Which means Allah will reward by 700%!

Allah is qualifying what are good deeds.

Chapter 2, verse 262

Those who spend their substance in the cause of Allah, and follow not up their gifts with reminders of their generosity or with injury,-for them their reward is with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve

One should not show off his or her charity as it is done to please Allah and to do a good deed.

Chapter 3, verse 134

Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men;- for Allah loves those who do good;-

Allah is qualifying that to restrain anger is a good deed and Allah love them who does so.

Charity can be done by a poor as well, as always he or she will find some one even poorer than him or her.

Page 33 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

23 To pardon men

24

25

To speak the truth

To speak the truth as a witness

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Chapter 3, verse 134

Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men;- for Allah loves those who do good;-

Allah is qualifying that to pardon all men is a good deed and Allah love them who does so.

Chapter 42, verse 37

And those who avoid the greater sins, and Al-Fawahish (illegal sexual intercourse), and when they are angry, forgive

Chapter 42, verse 40

The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto (in degree): but if a person forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah. for ((Allah)) loveth not Zalimun (oppressors, wrongdoers) .

Chapter 3, verse 17

(They are viz True believers) Those who are patient,; who are true (in Faith, words and deeds); and obedient and worship devoutly; who spend (in the way of Allah.) and who pray for forgiveness in the last hours of the night.

Chapter 6, verse 152

And come not nigh to the orphan's property, except to improve it, until he attain the age of full strength; give measure and weight with (full) justice;- no burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear;- whenever you speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfill the covenant of Allah. thus doth He command you, that ye may remember.

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Allah said in verse 36 that what is with Allâh (Paradise) is better and more lasting than things in this life and they are for those who believe and put their trust in their Lord

Allah is qualifying that those who speaks the truth they are the true believer.

Like 9th commandment of the Jews ,which says “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor."

Page 34 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

25

To speak the truth as a witness (contd.)

Chapter 70, verse 33

And those who stand firm in their testimonies

In verse 35 Allah is telling who will be honored with heaven.

Chapter 4, verse 58

Allah doth command you to render back your Trusts to those to whom they are due; And when ye judge between man and man, that ye judge with justice: Verily how excellent is the teaching which He giveth you! For Allah is He Who heareth and seeth all things.

It is a direct commandment from Allah.

Chapter 70, verse 32

And those who keep their trusts and covenants;

In verse 35 Allah is telling who will be honored with heaven.

26

To return back the trusts to whom they are due

27

To establish Justice

Chapter 7, verse 29

28

To judge with justice or to be just

Chapter 4, verse 58

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Say: "My Lord has commanded justice; and that you set your whole selves (to Him) at every time and place of prayer, and call upon Him, making your devotion sincere as in His sight: such as He created you in the beginning, so shall you return." Allah doth command you to render back your Trusts to those to whom they are due; And when you judge between man and man, that you judge with justice: Verily how excellent is the teaching which He (Allah) gives you! For Allah is He Who heareth and seeth all things.

Page 35 of 65


Sl. No.

Good deeds

Reference of the Quran

Chapter 4, verse 135 28

To judge with justice or to be just (contd.)

Chapter 5, verse 8

29

To be fair or equitable

30

To greet in return with a better greeting or equal

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

O ye who believe! stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even though it be against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest you aswerve, and if ye distort void justice or decline to do justice, verily Allah is wellacquainted with all that ye do. O ye who believe! stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to piety: and fear Allah. For Allah is well-acquainted with all that you do.

Chapter 49, verse 9

If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel, make ye peace between them: but if one of them transgresses beyond bounds against the other, then fight ye (all) against the one that transgresses until it complies with the command of Allah; but if it complies, then make peace between them with justice, and be fair: for Allah loves those who are fair (and just).

Chapter 4, verse 58

When a (courteous) greeting is offered to you, meet it with a greeting still more courteous, or (at least) of equal courtesy. Allah takes careful account of all things.

Page 36 of 65


Sl. No.

31

Good deeds

To always live with humility and sedateness

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Chapter 25, verse 63

And the (faithful) servants of Most Gracious (Allah) are those who walk on the earth in humility and sedateness, and when the ignorant address them (with bad words), they reply back with mild words of gentleness (say, "Peace!")

A true Muslim will always live with humbleness and will be wise enough to understand that the bad words uttered by somebody are coming from ignorance only

Chapter 31, verse 19

32

To lower one’s gaze ( from looking at forbidden things)- for men

Chapter 24, verse 30

Chapter 24, verse 30

33 To guard one’s modesty- for men

34

35

To lower one’s gaze ( from looking at forbidden things)- for women To guard one’s modesty- for women

"And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower your voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is the braying of the ass." Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: And Allah is well acquainted with all that they do. Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: And Allah is well acquainted with all that they do.

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Whenever shameful thoughts come in your mind looking at a woman, lower your gaze and avoid it. Allah is telling believing men to dress appropriately and to protect their private parts from illegal sexual acts as it will make them more purer.

Chapter 70, verse 29

And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts from illegal sexual acts)

Allah is telling in verse 35 those are the people who will be honored with the heaven and this is applicable both the genders

Chapter 24, verse 31

And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty;… …

When ever shameful thoughts come in your mind by looking at a man, lower your gaze and avoid it.

Allah said similar things to men first in verse 30

Chapter 24, verse 31

And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty;… …

Allah is telling believing women to protect their private parts from illegal sexual acts as it will make them more purer.

Allah said similar things to men first in verse 30

Page 37 of 65


Sl. No.

36

Good deeds

To cover the bosoms – for women

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 24, verse 31

And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband's fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers or their brothers' sons, or their sisters' sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hands possess, or male servants free of physical needs, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex; and that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. And O ye Believers! turn ye all together towards Allah, that ye may attain Bliss.

37

To remain a moderate spender

Chapter 25, verse 67

Those who, when they spend, are not extravagant and not niggardly, but hold a just (balance) between those (extremes)

38

To avoid evil talks gracefully

Chapter 25, verse 72

Those who witness no falsehood, and, if they pass by some evil play or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity;

Remarks

Significance

Allah is continuing to identify the true servants of Him “the Rahman”, and saying that they are those who always take the middle path when it comes to spending.

Islam’s philosophy is to follow the middle path and does not support any extremism.

Similar commands in other scripts

Allah is continuing to identify the true servants of Him “the Rahman

Page 38 of 65


Sl. No.

39

40

Good deeds

Fight (defend) only when unjustly attacked

To show gratitude to Allah

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 26, verse 227

Except those who believe, work righteousness, engage much in the remembrance of Allah, and defend themselves only after they are unjustly attacked. And soon will the unjust assailants know what vicissitudes their affairs will take

Chapter 31, verse 12

We bestowed (in the past) Wisdom on Luqman: and told him"Show (thy) gratitude to Allah." Any who is (so) grateful does so to the profit of his own soul: but if any is ungrateful, verily Allah is free of all wants, Worthy of all praise. O my son! establish regular prayer, enjoin what is good (just), and forbid what is wrong: and bear with patience whatever befalls you;; for this is firmness (of purpose) in (the conduct of) affairs.

41

To command to do what is good /just( Maruf)

Chapter 31, verse 17

42

Exhort (enjoin upon each other) one another to truth

Chapter 103, verse 3

43

Exhort (enjoin upon each other) one another to patience

Chapter 103, verse 3

44

To forbid all that is evil & bad ( Al Munkar)

Chapter 31, verse 17

Except such as have Faith, and do righteous deeds, and (join together) in the mutual teaching of Truth, and of Patience and Constancy. Except such as have Faith, and do righteous deeds, and (join together) in the mutual teaching of Truth, and of Patience and Constancy. O my son! establish regular prayer, enjoin what is good (just), and forbid what is wrong: and bear with patience whatever befalls you; for this is firmness (of purpose) in (the conduct of) affairs.

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Luqman was a very wise and pious man

Allah is telling in verse 2 that mankind is at loss except‌

Page 39 of 65


Sl. No.

45

46

Good deeds

To resolve issues with mutual consultation not with force

To be equitable (fair & just)

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 42, verse 38

And those who answer the Call of their Lord [i.e. to believe that He is the only One Lord (Allah), and to worship none but Him Alone], and perform As-Sal창t (Iq창mat-as-Sal창t), and who (conduct) their affairs by mutual consultation, and who spend of what We have bestowed

Chapter 49, verse 9

If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel, make ye peace between them: but if one of them transgresses beyond bounds against the other then fight ye (all) against the one that transgresses until it complies with the command of Allah; but if it complies then make peace between them with justice and be fair: for Allah loves those who are fair (and just)

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Page 40 of 65


Bad Deeds Sl. No.

Bad deeds

Reference of the Quran

Chapter 4, verse 116

1

The verse (English translation)

Verily, Allah forgives not (The sin of) setting up partners (in worship) with Him; but He forgives whom He pleases other sins than this: one who joins other gods with Allah, has indeed strayed far, far away (from the right).

Remarks

This is the biggest sin, which Allah will not forgive

Setting up partners with Allah ( to do Shirk)

Chapter 5 , verse 72

Chapter 5 , verse 73

They do blaspheme who say: "(Allah) is Christ the son of Mary." But said Christ: "O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." Whoever joins other gods with Allah,- Allah will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrongdoers be no one to help. They do blaspheme who say: Allah is one of three in a Trinity: for there is no God except One Allah. If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy), verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among them.

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

This goes against the basic theme of monotheism of the religion of Islam , which says there is only one God who is the creator, the sustainer , the Lord of the day of Judgment, the most powerful, the most merciful , the most wise, holder of all knowledge, Who sees every thing, Who hears every thing , Who knows the future and the past, etc,etc.

[The Bible, Exodus 20:3-5]"Thou shall have no other gods before me. Thou shall not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Thou shall not bow down thyself to them, nor see them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God‌"

Allah specifically saying about the christen that they are doing blaspheme, who believe that Jesus Christ is the God

Allah specifically saying about the christen that they are doing blaspheme, who believe that Allah is actually a triune God

Page 41 of 65


Sl. No.

Bad deeds

Reference of the Quran

1

Setting up partners with Allah ( to do Shirk) (contd.)

Chapter 7, verse 33

2

Writing some thing with own hand and then say this is from God

Chapter 2, verse 79

3

4

To divide the religion and break up in sects

Stealing the property of orphans

Chapter 6, verse 159

Chapter 4, verse 2

Chapter 4, verse 10

The verse (English translation) Say: the things that my Lord hath indeed forbidden are: shameful deeds, whether open or secret; sins and trespasses against truth or reason; assigning of partners to Allah, for which He has given no authority; and saying things about Allah of which you have no knowledge. Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands, and then say:"This is from Allah," to traffic with it for miserable price!Woe to them for what their hands do write, and for the gain they make thereby As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects, thou hast no part in them in the least: their affair is with Allah. He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did. To orphans restore their property (when they reach their age), nor substitute (your ) worthless things for (their) good ones, and devour not their substance ( by mixing it up ) with your own. For this is indeed a great sin.

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Allah is saying “Woe to them�

To divide the religion and break up into sects is so serious wrong act that Allah kept the matter with Him and He will deal with them directly.

Allah categorically saying that it is a great sin.

Verily, those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans, they eat up a Fire into their own bellies: They will soon be enduring a Blazing Fire

Page 42 of 65


Sl. No.

4

5

Bad deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 6, verse 152

And come not near to the orphan's property, except to improve it, until he (or she) attain the age of full strength; give measure and weight with (full) justice;- no burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear;- whenever ye speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfill the covenant of Allah. thus doth He command you, that ye may remember.

Chapter 17, verse 34

Come not near to the orphan's property except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength; and fulfill (every) covenant, for (every) covenant will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).

Chapter 89, verse 17

Nay! But you treat not the orphans with kindness and generosity (i.e. you neither treat them well, nor give them their exact right of inheritance)!

Stealing the property of orphans (contd.)

Not to treat orphans with kindness

Chapter 93, verse 9 Chapter 107, verse 1 Chapter 107, verse 2

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Allah is telling in verse 23 who will go to hell.

Therefore, treat not the orphan with oppression, Hast thou observed him who belieth religion? That is he who repulses the orphan (harshly),[

Page 43 of 65


Sl. No.

6

7

8

Bad deeds

To kill a believer intentionally

Killing a person

To kill one’s own children ( includes abortion) because of poverty

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 4, verse 93

And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein (For ever): And the wrath and the curse of Allah are upon him, and a dreadful penalty is prepared for him.

Chapter 5, verse 32

On that account: We ordained for the Children of Israel that if any one killed a person - unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land - it would be as if he killed the whole mankind: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the all mankind. Then although there came to them Our apostles with clear signs, yet, even after that, many of them continued to commit excesses in the land.

Chapter 6, verse 151

Say: "Come, I will rehearse what Allah hath (really) prohibited you from": Join not anything as equal with Him; be good to your parents; kill not your children because of poverty We provide sustenance for you and for them;- come not nigh to shameful deeds. Whether open or secret; take not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom.

Chapter 17, verse 31

Kill not your children for fear of want: We shall provide sustenance for them as well as for you. Verily the killing of them is a great sin.

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Killing an innocent person so strongly reputed by Allah, yet some so called Muslims embrace the path of violence against innocent people in the name of religion is ironical and unacceptable.

In verse 27 Allah narrated the story of first killing in the history of mankind i.e the killing of Habil by his older brother Qabil ( both sons of Adam PBUH) and then in verse 32 Allah gave His verdict that Killing is a great sin.

Same as 6 commandment of Jews “You shall not kill�

th

Page 44 of 65


Sl. No.

8

9

10

Bad deeds

To kill one’s own children ( includes abortion) because of poverty

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Chapter 60, verse 12

O Prophet! When believing women come to you to give you the Bai'ah (pledge), that they will not associate anything in worship with Allah, that they will not steal, that they will not commit illegal sexual intercourse, that they will not kill their children, that they will not utter slander, intentionally forging falsehood (i.e. by making illegal children belonging to their husbands), and that they will not disobey you in Ma'ruf (Islamic Monotheism and all that which Islam ordains) then accept their Bai'ah (pledge), and ask Allah to forgive them, Verily, Allah is OftForgiving, Most Merciful.

Allah is specifically talking about women here

Chapter 5, verse 64

….Amongst them we have placed enmity and hatred till the Day of Judgment. Every time they kindle the fire of war, Allah doth extinguish it; but they (ever) strive to do mischief on earth. And Allah loveth not those who do mischief.

Only part of the verse has been reproduced on the left.Here Allah is referring to the Jews who will create mischief till the last day.

Chapter 28, verse 83

That Home of the Hereafter (Paradise) We shall give to those who intend not high- handedness or mischief on earth: and the end is (best) for the righteous

Chapter 28, verse 83

That Home of the Hereafter (Paradise) We shall give to those who intend not high- handedness or mischief on earth: and the end is (best) for the righteous

To make mischief (destructive activity) on earth

To show high handedness( repress by power or disregard other’s feelings)

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Page 45 of 65


Sl. No.

11

12

13

Bad deeds

Grab unlawfully ones property

Deprive relatives of inheritance

To do illegal sexual intercourse

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 2, verse 188

And eat up not one another’s property unjustly , nor give bribery to the judges, with intent that ye may eat up wrongfully and knowingly a little of (other) people's property sinfully

Chapter 89, verse 19 Chapter 89 , verse 19

Chapter 6, verse 151

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

And you devour inheritance all with greed, And you devour inheritance all with greed

Allah is telling in verse 23 who will go to hell.

Say: "Come, I will rehearse what Allah hath (really) prohibited you from": Join not anything as equal with Him; be good to your parents; kill not your children because of poverty We provide sustenance for you and for them;- come not near to shameful deeds and illegal sexual intercourse Whether open or secret; take not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom.

Page 46 of 65


Sl. No.

Bad deeds

Reference of the Quran

Chapter 5, verse 5

14

To have illegal sexual Chapter relationship 17, verse outside marriage 32

Chapter 60, verse 12

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

This day are (all) things good and pure made lawful unto you. The food of the People of the Book is lawful unto you and yours is lawful unto them. (Lawful unto you in marriage) are (not only) chaste women who are believers, but chaste women among the People of the Book, revealed before your time,- when you give them their due dowers (Mahr), desiring chastity, not for committing illegal sexual intercourse , nor for taking them as secret intrigues. And if any one rejects faith, fruitless is his work, and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost (all spiritual good). And come not near to adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil way, (to other evils). O Prophet! When believing women come to you to give you the Baiah (pledge), that they will not associate anything in worship with Allah, that they will not steal, that they will not commit illegal sexual intercourse, that they will not kill their children, that they will not utter slander, intentionally forging falsehood (i.e. by making illegal children belonging to their husbands), and that they will not disobey you in Ma'rûf (Islamic Monotheism and all that which Islam ordains) then accept their Baiah (pledge), and ask Allah to forgive them, Verily, Allah is OftForgiving, Most Merciful.

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

th

Similar to 7 commandment of the Jews which says “ You shall

not commit adultery”

Allah is specifically talking about women here

Page 47 of 65


Sl. No.

14

15

16

Bad deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

But whoso seeketh more than that, those are they who are transgressors;

In verse 30 Allah is telling Man is allowed to seek sex with their spouses or those whom their right hands own;

Chapter 60, verse 12

O Prophet! When believing women come to you to give you the Bai'âh (pledge), that they will not associate anything in worship with Allah, that they will not steal, that they will not commit illegal sexual intercourse, that they will not kill their children, that they will not utter slander, intentionally forging falsehood (i.e. by making illegal children not belonging to their husbands), and that they will not disobey you in Ma'ruf (Islamic Monotheism and all that which Islam ordains) then accept their Bai'ah (pledge), and ask Allah to forgive them, Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

Allah is specifically talking about women here

Chapter 2, verse 188

And eat up not one another’s unjustly , nor give bribery to the judges, with intent that ye may eat up wrongfully and knowingly a little of (other) people's property sinfully

To have illegal sexual Chapter relationship outside marriage 70, verse 31 (contd.)

To bear illegal child

Bribe judges or somebody

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Page 48 of 65


Sl. No.

Bad deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Chapter 6, verse 152

And come not near to the orphan's property, except to improve it, until he attain the age of full strength; give measure and weight with (full) justice;- no burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear;whenever ye speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfill the covenant of Allah. thus doth He command you, that ye may remember.

In previous verse 151, Allah is telling Muhammad (pbuh) to tell mankind what Allah has forbidden and in verse 152 Allah is continuing. To do the opposite , meaning to be justice in quantity and weight will therefore be a good deed.

Chapter 83, verse 1

Woe to Al-Mutaffifun (those who give less in measure and weight).

Allah is cursing the Mutaffifun. And from verse 1 to 3 describing the nature of these people and in verse 4 confirming that they will have to pay for this.

Chapter 83, verse 2

Those who, when they have to receive by measure from men, demand full measure.

Chapter 83, verse 3 Chapter 83, verse 4

And when they have to give by measure or weight to (other) men, give less than due.

17 Not to give justly in quantity or in weight

18

Drink wine(alcohol)

Chapter 2, verse 219

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Do they not think that they will be resurrected (for reckoning), They ask thee concerning wine and gambling. Say : “ In them is great sin and some profit for men but sin is greater than profit

Page 49 of 65


Sl. No.

18

19

20

Bad deeds

Drink wine(alcohol) (contd.)

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Chapter 5, verse 90

O ye who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, Al Ansab (animals that are sacrificed in the name of idol, pious man, saints to honour them or expect some benefit from them),(dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination,- of Satan's handwork: So avoid such (abomination), that ye may prosper.

Allah has banned all intoxicant including Alcohol

Chapter 2, verse 219

They ask thee concerning wine and gambling. Say : “ In them is great sin and some profit for men but sin is greater than profit

Chapter 5, verse 90

O ye who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, Al Ansab (animals that are sacrificed in the name of idol, pious man, saints to honour them or expect some benefit from them),(dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination,- of Satan's handwork: So avoid such (abomination), that ye may prosper.

Chapter 5, verse 90

O ye who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, Al Ansab (animals that are sacrificed in the name of idol, pious man, saints to honour them or expect some benefit from them),(dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination,- of Satan's handwork: So avoid such (abomination), that ye may prosper.

Gambling

Fortune telling (divination)

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Page 50 of 65


Sl. No.

21

Bad deeds

To eat forbidden food(flesh of swine)

Reference of the Quran

Chapter 2, verse 173

Chapter 4, verse 36

22

The verse (English translation)

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

He hath only forbidden you dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that on which any other name hath been invoked besides that of Allah. But if one is forced by necessity, without willful disobedience, nor transgressing due limits,- then is he guiltless. For Allah is Oft-forgiving Most Merciful. Serve Allah and join not any partners with Him; and do good- to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, those in need (poor), neighbours who are near, neighbours who are strangers, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (ye meet), and those (slaves) your right hands possess: For Allah loveth not the proud , the boastful

To be proud or boastful of oneself

Chapter 7, verse 13

Remarks

((Allah)) said (to Satan): "Get thee down from this (Paradise): it is not for thee to be arrogant here: get out, for thou are of the meanest (of creatures)."

From verse 11, Allah is describing the story of what happened when He commanded Iblis ( Satan) to prostrate before Adam (pbuh) and Satan refused because he was proud that he was made from fire and he thought he is better than Adam(pbuh) who was made from clay. Because he was proud he disobeyed Allah and he was thrown out of Heaven and cursed by Allah for eternity and will be thrown to Hell after the last day. To be proud and boastful therefore is the quality of Satan.

Page 51 of 65


Sl. No.

Bad deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 16, verse 23

Undoubtedly Allah doth know what they conceal, and what they reveal: verily He loveth not the proud.

Chapter 17, verse 37

Nor walk on the earth with conceit or arrogance: for you can not rend the earth asunder, nor reach the mountains in height

Chapter 28, verse 67

22 To be proud or boastful of oneself (contd.)

Chapter 31, verse 18 Chapter 57, verse 23

Chapter 63, verse 9

Quran was doubtless, of the people of Moses; but he acted insolently towards them: such were the treasures We had bestowed on him that their very keys would have been a burden to a body of strong men, behold, his people said to him: "Exult not, for Allah loveth not those who exult (in riches) And turn not away your face from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth; for Allah loveth not any arrogant boaster In order that you may not grieve at the things that you fail to get, nor rejoice over that which has been given to you. And Allah likes not prideful boasters. O you who believe! Let not your properties or your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. And whosoever does that, then they are the losers.

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Allah in verse 22 is telling us that what a person will not get or get in life is fixed beforehand by Allah.So if you posses some thing it is given by Allah only and thus you should not fell pride for it.

Page 52 of 65


Sl. No.

Bad deeds

23 To be miserly

24

To transgress the limits

25

To remind some one about the help offered to him or her or to remind with injury

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 4, verse 37

(Nor i.g. Allah does not like) those who are miserly or enjoin miserliness on others, or hide the bounties which Allah hath bestowed on them; for We have prepared, for those who resist Faith, a punishment that steeps them in contempt;

Chapter 25 verse 67

Those ( the faithful slaves of Most Gracious are) who, when they spend, are not extravagant and not niggardly, but hold a just (balance) between those (extremes);

Chapter 57 verse 24

Those who are misers and enjoin upon people miserliness (Allah is not in need of their charity). And whosoever turns away (from Faith — Allah’s Monotheism), then Allah is Rich (Free of all needs), Worthy of all praise.

Chapter 104 verse 2

Remarks

Significance

Who has gathered wealth and counted it

Allah is telling in verse 1 that misery is due to them who…

You have so much power to do good with the wealth you have, but you don’t do it!

Chapter 2, verse 190

Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors.

Chapter 2, verse 262

. Those who spend their wealth in the cause of Allah, and follow not up their gifts with reminders of their generosity or with injury,-for them their reward is with their Lord: on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

War is permitted if imposed but not to transgress the limits, only fight up to the point needed to establish peace .

Similar commands in other scripts

One should not remind his/her generosity or injure mentally some one about it. It then becomes a bad deed and lessens the reward of the charity.

Page 53 of 65


Sl. No.

25

26

Bad deeds

To remind some one about the help offered to him or her or to remind with injury, continued ..

To spend money to be seen of men

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 2, verse 264

O ye who believe! cancel not your charity by reminders of your generosity or by injury,- like those who spend their substance to be seen of men, but believe neither in Allah nor in the Last Day. They are in parable like a hard, barren rock, on which is a little soil: on it falls heavy rain, which leaves it (Just) a bare stone. They will be able to do nothing with what they have earned. And Allah does not guide those who reject faith

Chapter 2, verse 264

O ye who believe! cancel not your charity by reminders of your generosity or by injury,- like those who spend their substance to be seen of men, but believe neither in Allah nor in the Last Day. They are in parable like a hard, barren rock, on which is a little soil: on it falls heavy rain, which leaves it (Just) a bare stone. They will be able to do nothing with what they have earned. And Allah does not guide those who reject faith

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Page 54 of 65


Sl. No.

Bad deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Chapter 2, verse 275

Those who eat usury (Riba) will not stand except as stand one whom the Evil one by his touch Hath driven to madness. That is because they say: "Trade is like usury," but Allah has permitted trade and forbidden usury. Those who after receiving direction from their Lord, and stops eating Riba , shall be pardoned for the past; their case is for Allah (to judge); but those who repeat (The offence) are companions of the Fire: They will abide therein (for ever).

Allah is giving clear message that He has permitted trade and forbidden usury

Chapter 2, verse 276

Allah will deprive usury of all blessing, but will give increase for deeds of charity: For He loveth not creatures ungrateful and wicked.

Chapter 2, verse 278

O you who believe! Fear Allah, and give up what remains of your demand for usury, if ye are indeed believers.

27 To practice usury (take interest at exorbitant rate)

Chapter 2, verse 279

Chapter 3, verse 130

If ye do it not, Take notice of war from Allah and His Messenger. But if ye turn back, ye shall have your capital sums: Deal not unjustly (by asking more than your capital sum), and you shall not be dealt with unjustly O you who believe! Devour not usury, doubled and multiplied; but fear Allah. that ye may (really) prosper

Allah declares war on His and His messenger’s behalf against the Arabs who are not willing to give up their demand for usury.

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

This war is still valid on us! Allah is pointing out that to take more than what you have landed is injustice.

Page 55 of 65


Sl. No.

28

29

30

31

32

Bad deeds

To take back part or full of Mahr (dower) (Gold and money etc given to the girl by the man as a gift before marriage)

To blame an innocent one’s fault or sin

To distort Allah’s creation

To waste things

To break one’s oath

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 4, verse 20

But if you decide to take one wife in place of another, even if you had given the latter a whole treasure for dower, Take not the least bit of it back: Would you take it by slander and manifest wrong?

Chapter 4, verse 21

And how could you take it when you have gone in unto each other, and they have Taken from you a solemn covenant?

Chapter 4, verse 112

Chapter 4, verse 119

But if any one earns a fault or a sin and throws it on to one that is innocent, He carries (on himself) (Both) a falsehood and a flagrant sin. “I will mislead them, and I will create in them false desires; I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will order them to change the (fair) nature created by Allah." Whoever, forsaking Allah, takes satan for a friend, hath of a surety suffered a loss that is manifest

Chapter 7, verse 31

O Children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: But waste not by excess, for Allah loveth not the Al Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance).

Chapter 16 verse 91

Fulfil the Covenant of Allah when ye have entered into it, and break not your oaths after ye have confirmed them; indeed you have made Allah your surety; for Allah knoweth all that you do.

Remarks

Significance

Here satan is telling Allah what he will do with part of human kind (who will follow him)

In fact men out of greed and lack of knowledge is constantly changing the well balanced nature created by Allah and in the process making the earth inhabitable.

Similar commands in other scripts

Page 56 of 65


Sl. No.

33

34

Bad deeds

To make false oath to deceive

To spend wastefully

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 16 verse 94

And make not your oaths, to practice deception between yourselves, with the result that someone's foot may slip after it was firmly planted, and you may have to taste the evil (consequences) of having hindered (men) from the Path of Allah, and a Mighty Wrath descend on you.

Chapter 17 verse 26

And render to the kindred their due rights, as (also) to those in want, and to the wayfarer: But squander not (your wealth) in the manner of a spendthrift.

Chapter 17 verse 27 Chapter 25 verse 67

35

36

To say that you have knowledge of some thing when in reality you don’t

To wrongly accuse a chaste woman

Verily spendthrifts are brothers of the Evil Ones; and the Evil One is to his Lord (himself) ungrateful. Those ( the faithful slaves of Most Gracious are) who, when they spend, are not extravagant and not niggardly, but hold a just (balance) between those (extremes);

Chapter 17 verse 36

And pursue not ( say not, or do not or witness not) that of which thou hast no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of (feeling in) the heart will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning).

Chapter 24 verse 4

And those who accuse a chaste women, and produce not four witnesses (to support their allegations),- flog them with eighty stripes; and reject their evidence ever after: for such men are “Fasiqun “ (liars, rebellious ,disobedient to Allah)

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Allah is defining who are the faithful slaves of Al Rahman in verse 63-66 and then continuing defining further in verse 67. Allah is telling not to tell false stories like one is saying “I have seen”. While in fact he has not seen or “I have heard” , while he has not heard

Page 57 of 65


Sl. No.

Bad deeds

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

36

To wrongly accuse a chaste woman (contd.)

Chapter 24 verse 23

Verily, those who accuse chaste women, indiscreet but believing, are cursed in this life and in the Hereafter: for them is a grievous Penalty.

38

To like to spread scandals (the practice of illegal sexual intercourse)

Chapter 24 verse 19

Those who love (to see) scandal circulate among the Believers, will have a grievous Penalty in this life and in the Hereafter: Allah knows, and ye know not.

39

40

41

Chapter 26 verse 165

"Of all the creatures in the world, will you approach males,

Chapter 26 verse 166

"And leave those whom Allah has created for you to be your mates? Nay, you are a people transgressing (all limits)!"

Chapter 39 verse 7

If ye are thankless, yet Allah is Independent of you, though He is not pleased with thanklessness for His bondmen; and if ye are thankful He is pleased therewith for you. No laden soul will bear another's load. Then unto your Lord is your return; and He will tell you what ye used to do. Lo! He knoweth what is in the breasts (of men).

Chapter 42 verse 42

The blame is only against those who oppress men and wrong-doing and insolently transgress beyond bounds through the land, defying right and justice: for such there will be a penalty grievous.

To do sodomy

To remain ungrateful to Allah

To oppress man

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Allah is telling the story of prophet Looth (Pbuh) and his people who used to practice sodomy ( were gay), Allah is telling sodomy means to transgress all limits.

Page 58 of 65


Sl. No.

Bad deeds

Reference of the Quran

42

To laugh (scoff)at somebody

Chapter 49 verse 11

43

To defame somebody

Chapter 49 verse 11

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

O ye who believe! Let not some men among you laugh (scoff)at others: It may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): Nor let some women laugh at others: It may be that the (latter are better than the (former): Nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames: Ill-seeming is a name connoting wickedness, (to be used of one) after he has believed: And those who do not desist are (indeed) doing wrong. O ye who believe! Let not some men among you laugh (scoff) at others: It may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): Nor let some women laugh at others: It may be that the (latter are better than the (former): Nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames: Ill-seeming is a name connoting wickedness, (to be used of one) after he has believed: And those who do not desist are (indeed) doing wrong.

Page 59 of 65


Sl. No.

Bad deeds

Reference of the Quran

44

To be sarcastic

Chapter 49 verse 11

45

To give or call someone with offensive nick names

Chapter 49 verse 11

46

To become suspicious all the time

Chapter 49 verse 12

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

O ye who believe! Let not some men among you laugh (scoff)at others: It may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): Nor let some women laugh at others: It may be that the (latter are better than the (former): Nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames: Ill-seeming is a name connoting wickedness, (to be used of one) after he has believed: And those who do not desist are (indeed) doing wrong. O ye who believe! Let not some men among you laugh (scoff)at others: It may be that the (latter) are better than the (former): Nor let some women laugh at others: It may be that the (latter are better than the (former): Nor defame nor be sarcastic to each other, nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames: Ill-seeming is a name connoting wickedness, (to be used of one) after he has believed: And those who do not desist are (indeed) doing wrong. O you who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible): for suspicion in some cases is a sin: And spy not , neither back bite one another. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, ye would hate it...But fear Allah. For Allah is the one who forgives and accept repentance , Most Merciful.

Page 60 of 65


Sl. No.

47

Bad deeds

To spy on somebody to find fault

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 49 verse 12

O you who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible): for suspicion in some cases is a sin: And spy not , neither back bite one another. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, ye would hate it...But fear Allah. For Allah is the one who forgives and accept repentance , Most Merciful.

Remarks

48

To back bite

Chapter 49 verse 12

O you who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible): for suspicion in some cases is a sin: And spy not , neither back bite one another. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, ye would hate it...But fear Allah. For Allah is the one who forgives and accept repentance , Most Merciful.

49

To speak malicious and injurious statement about a person

Chapter 104 verse 1

Woe to every slanderer and backbiter

Allah is telling who will be thrown to Hutama

Chapter 5 verse 38

And (as for) the male thief and the female thief, cut off (from the wrist joint) their (right) hands as a recompense for that which they committed, a punishment by way of example from Allah. And Allah is All-Powerful, All-Wise.

Allah has ordained major punishment for stealing ,indicating that it is a great sin.

50

To steal

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

th

Similar to 8 commandment of the Jews which says “ You shall

not steal.�

Page 61 of 65


Sl. No.

50

51

Bad deeds

To steal (contd.)

To hoard wealth and not give for charity

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Remarks

Chapter 60 verse 12

O Prophet! When believing women come to you to give you the Bai'âh (pledge), that they will not associate anything in worship with Allah, that they will not steal, that they will not commit illegal sexual intercourse, that they will not kill their children, that they will not utter slander, intentionally forging falsehood (i.e. by making illegal children belonging to their husbands), and that they will not disobey you in Ma'ruf (Islamic Monotheism and all that which Islam ordains) then accept their Bai'âh (pledge), and ask Allah to forgive them, Verily, Allah is OftForgiving, Most Merciful.

Allah is however specifically talking about women here, though stealing is prohibited for man as well.

And collect (wealth) and hide it (from spending it in the Cause of Allah).

Allah in verse 17 saying that Hell will call those people who ……

Chapter 70 verse 18 Chapter 104 verses 1 & 2

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

Woe to every slanderer and backbiter. Who has gathered wealth and counted it,

52

To participate in misleading talks with vain talkers

Chapter 74 verse 45

"And we used to talk falsehood (all that which Allah hated) with vain talkers

53

To treat orphan with oppression

Chapter 93 verse 9 Chapter 93 verse 10

Therefore, treat not the orphan with oppression,

54

To repulse the beggar

In verse 41 Allah is telling the guilty will be asked for what reasons you are thrown to Hell? And they will reply…

Therefore the beggar drive not away,

Page 62 of 65


Sl. No.

54

55

Bad deeds

To repulse the beggar (contd.)

Not to give food to the poor and not to encourage the same

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 107 verse 1

Hast thou observed him who belieth religion?

Chapter 107 verse 2

That is he who repulses the orphan (harshly),

Chapter 107 verse 3

And urges not on the feeding of AlMiskĂŽn (the poor)

Chapter 89 verse 18

Nor, do ye encourage one another to feed the poor!

Remarks

Significance

Similar commands in other scripts

th

Chapter 102 verses 1 to 8

Rivalry in worldly increase distracteth you.

Like 10 Commandment“ You shall not

covet (i.e. envy )

Until ye come to the graves. Nay! You shall come to know! Again, Nay! You shall come to know! Nay! If you knew with a sure knowledge (the end result of piling up, you would not have been occupied yourselves in worldly things). And again, you shall see it (hell) with certainty of sight!

56 To do rivalry in worldly increase

Then, on that Day, you shall be asked about the delights(you indulged in, in this world)! 57

Not to pray with attentiveness

Chapter 107 verse 1

Hast thou observed him who belieth religion?

Page 63 of 65


Sl. No.

57

Bad deeds

Not to pray with attentiveness (contd.)

58 To pray for showing to people

59

Not to help the neighbor with small things

Reference of the Quran

The verse (English translation)

Chapter 107 verse 2

That is he who repulses the orphan (harshly),

Chapter 107 verse 3

And urges not on the feeding of AlMiskĂŽn (the poor)

Chapter 107 verse 4

So woe to the worshippers

Chapter 107 verse 5

Who are heedless of their prayer;

Chapter 107 verse 1

Hast thou observed him who belieth religion?

Chapter 107 verse 2

That is he who repulses the orphan (harshly),

Chapter 107 verse 3

And urges not on the feeding of AlMiskĂŽn (the poor)

Chapter 107 verse 4

So woe to the worshippers

Chapter 107 verse 5

Who are heedless of their prayer;

Chapter 107 verse 6

Those who (want but) to be seen (of men),

Chapter 107 verse 7

But refuse (to supply) (Even) neighborly needs.

Remarks

Significance

Allah is telling who has belied the religion in verse 1.

To be good to the neighbor is so important that if not done ,then it will

Similar commands in other scripts

Page 64 of 65


Conclusion : If you analyze all the Good deeds that Allah has told us to do in His last testament , it all make perfect sense. They all seem to be the right thing to do from the point of view of justice and equal right for every body . Performing them all , is likely to bring universal brotherhood of man as one species and preserve this planet’s beautiful environment , animals , flora and fauna. Dividend of all these good deeds are peace of mind , love and affection from each other . They all if followed by every body will lead to a society of justice , harmony and a society where only love and peace prevails, the earth will then definitely become the paradise even before the last day .

On the other hand what Allah identified as bad deed also make perfect sense for not doing them .as they will only mean harm to ourselves , to others , to every thing on this planet and only establish injustice , inequality , pain and sufferings to the weak.

Any feedback or comments by e mail to the following address zafarbd56@gmail.com will be highly appreciated.

Page 65 of 65

Good deeds bad deeds  

Good deeds bad deeds according to Islam

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you