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New Vision Computer Center

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kd'v b'O{ bnsf] k'/fg} jr{Zj o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf 3f] / fxL, !% d+l;/ . bnx?n] dWofjlw hgdt a'em\g] …ldgL hgdt ;+uxÚsf] cy{ nufPsf] pklgjf{rgdf kd'v b'O{ bn g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ -g] skf_ / g] kfnL sf+u] ;n] k'/ fg} jr{Zj :yflkt u/] sf 5g\ . dt;+Vof / s] xL l;6 tndfly eP klg d"ntM b'O{ bnn] k'/ fg} jr{Zj sfod u/] sf 5g\ . kltlglw;ef ;b:o tLg, kb] z;ef ;b:o tLg, gu/ kd'v Ps, ufp“kflnsf cWoIf tLg, ufp“kflnsf pkfWoIf tLg / j8fWoIf $# hgf u/L %@ kbsf nflu lgjf{rg ePsf] lyof] . To;dWo] g] skfn] eQmk'/ df kb] z;ef ;b:o u'dfPsf] 5 eg] af“sL b'O{ :yfgdf g] skfs} cutf /x] sf] 5 . of] lgjf{rgs} d'Vo rrf{df /x] sf] sf:sL lgjf{rg If] q @ sf] kltlglw;ef ;b:osf nflu g] skf pDd] bjf/ ljBf e§/fO{ @$ xhf/ tLg ;o ($ dt NofO{ ljhoL x'g'ePsf] 5 . pxf“ cf7 xhf/ rf/ ;o tLg dtfGt/n] ljhoL x'g'ePsf] xf] . sf+u] ; pDd] bjf/ v] d/fh kf} 8] nn] !% xhf/ gf} ;o (! dt kfKt ug'{ePsf] 5 . kf] v/f dxfgu/kflnsfsf !! j6f j8f ;d] l6Psf] lgjf{rg If] qdf &! xhf/ cf7 ;o &! dtbftf /x] sf] df $% xhf/ kf“r ;o ^# dt v;] sf] lyof] . of] If] qaf6 lgjf{lrt ko{6gdGqL /ljGb clwsf/Lsf] x] lnsf] K6/ b'3{6gfdf lgwg ePsf]

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lyof] . ;f] :yfgdf pxf“s} wd{kTgL ljBfn] r'gfj n8\g'ePsf] lyof] . eQmk'/ – ! …sÚ df sf+u] ;sf s[i0fnfn e8] n ljhoL x'g'ePsf] 5 . e8] nn] !# xhf/ rf/ ;o $* dt Nofpg'ePsf] 5 eg] lgs6td klt:kwL{ g] skfsf 8LkL 9sfnn] !! xhf/ Ps ;o (& dt kfpg'ePsf] 5 . t] ;f] :yfg o;cl3 h:t} g] kfn dhb'/ ls;fg kf6L{sf lg/h njh"n] kF“r xhf/ cf7 ;o @( dt kfpg'ePsf] 5 . afUn'ªdf g] skfsf]

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3f]/fxL–!^ df 8f“uL ljhoL o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf 3f] / fxL, !% d+l;/ . 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f gDa/–!^ df g] kfnL sf+u] ;sf pDd] bjf/ tf/faxfb'/ l8;L ljhoL x'g'ePsf] 5 . pxf“ Ps xhf/ b'O{ ;o !* dt kfKt u/L ljhoL x'g'ePsf] xf] . g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ -g] skf_ sf pDd] bjf/ ;'/ ] zaxfb'/ s] ;LnfO{ Ps ;o Ps dtn] kl5 kfb{} j8fWoIfdf pxf“ ljhoL ePsf] lgjf{rg clws[tsf] sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . lgs6td klt:kwL{ s] ;Ln] Ps xhf/ Ps ;o !& dt kfKt ug{'ePsf] lyof] . To:t} :jtGq pDd] bjf/ hunfn rf} w/Ln] ;ft ;o @) dt kfKt ug'{ePsf] 5 . o;} u/L ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{sf ljdnf k'gn] #!, /fkkfsf ksfz s] ;Ln] !(, g] zgn d+uf] n cu{gfOh] zgsf kxndfg cfn] n] #) / :jtGq pDd] bjf/ ;ld/ cf] nLn] @#

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sfof{nosf kd'v ;'lgtf kf} 8] nn] clxn] klg PrcfO{eL÷P8\; ;+qmd0faf/] dflg;x? cgle1 /x] sf] eGb} o;af/] r] tgf km} nfpg Wofg lbg'kg] {df hf] 8 lbg'eof] . sfo{qmddf af] Nb} 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf pkd] o/ ;Ltf Gof} kfg] n] PrcfO{eL÷P8\;af/] ;d'bfo:t/df hgr] tgfsf km} nfpg' cfjZos /x] sf] atfpg'eof] . …cem} klg dflg;x?nfO{ P8\; s] xf] / s;/L nfU5 eGg] s'/ f yfxf 5} gÚ– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …;d'bfo:t/df o;af/] r] tgf k'¥ofpg cfjZos 5 .Ú 3f] / fxL pdkxfgu/kflnsfsf] khgg\ :jf:Yo ;dGjo ;ldltsf] cfof] hgfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf hgkltlglw tyf ;/f] sf/jfnfx?;“u cGt/lqmof ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf af] Nb} ;/f] sf/jfnfx?n] P8\; ;+qmldt x'“b} df dl/b} g eGg] s'/ f a'emfpg cfjZos /x] sf] atfP . cf} iflw ;] jg / cfTdljZjf;n] cfo' nDAofpg ;lsg] pgLx?n] atfP . 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf :jf:Yo zfvf kd'v gf/fo0fk;fb 3tL{sf] :jfut dGtJoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/0f zfvfsf 7fs'/ vgfnn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . o;} aLr oftfoft dhb'/ x?nfO{ lgMz'Ns PrcfO{eL÷P8\; ;DaGwL /ut k/LIf0f ul/Psf] 5 . oftfoft dhb'/ x? PrcfO{eL÷P8\;sf] a9L hf] lvddf /x] sf] eGb} 3f] / fxLsf a;kfs{df lgMz'Ns k/LIf0f ul/Psf] lyof] . 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g++= !$ sf cWoIf zlQm/fd 8f“uLsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf PrcfO{eL÷P8\;af/] hgr] tgf af“l8Psf] lyof] .

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CMYK

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Digital (Led) Board, 3D, 2D Board & Teacher Microphone

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(Dec 2, 2019)

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…6' Kn; jfgÚ xf]Og, lqb]zLo pklgjf{rgsf] ;Gb]z b] zsf ljleGg %@ :yfgdf ePsf] pklgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffd sl/a–sl/a cfO;s] sf] 5 . o;df ck] Iffs[t?kd} kd'v b'O{ bn g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ -g] skf_ / g] kfnL sf+u] ;aLr klt:kwf{ b] lvPsf] 5 . To;f] t bnx?n] o;cl3 lht] sf :yfg ;'/ lIft ug] { kof; klg sl/a–sl/a k"/ f u/] sf 5g\ . g] skfn] eQmk'/ df kb] z;ef ;b:o u'dfPsf] 5 . j8f txdf x] bf{ $# j8fdf ePsf] lgjf{rgdf o;cl3 g] skfn] lht] sf @# / sf+u] ;n] lht] sf !@ tyf cGo c?n] lht] sf lyP . o;k6s klg st} yKb} / st} u'dfpFb} g] skfn] @# j6f g} j8fdf hLt xft kf/] sf] 5 eg] sf+u] ;n] klg !! j8fdf hLt xft kf/] sf] 5 . bfªsf] 3f] / fxL–!^ ;lxt ljutdf g] skfn] lht] sf] 7fpFdf klg sf+u] ;n] lht] sf] 5 eg] sf] xnk'/ –^ nufot sf+u] ;n] lht] sf] 7fpFdf g] skf ljhoL ePsf] 5 . yf] / } 7fpFdf ePsf] r'gfj eP klg pDd] bjf/ 5gf] 6df b] lvPsf] ;d:ofn] k/fho ef] Ug'k/] sf 36gf klg o;k6s b] Vg kfOP . ;dudf st} g] skfsf] t st} sf+u] ;sf] dt 36a9 / s] xL l;6 yk36 eP klg ;dudf oL b'a} bnn] cf–cfkm\gf] jr{Zj :yflkt ug{ ;kmn ePsf 5g\ . of] lgjf{rgnfO{ kd'v bnn] em08} cfwf cjlwdf hgdt a'em\g] …ldgL hgdt ;+uxÚsf] ?kdf lnPsf lyP . h;cg';f/ pgLx?n] r'gfj lhTgsf nflu cTolws koTg klg u/] sf lyP . zLif{ g] tfx? r'gfjL If] qdf 3'Dg] b] lv aflx/sf g] tf sfo{stf{ s] lGbt ug] {;Ddsf sfd klg pgLx?n] u/] . h;n] ubf{ ;fdfGo r'gfjeGbf of] s] xL tgfjk"0f{ klg b] lvof] t/ st} clko 36gf eg] ePg . yjfªsf dtbftfn] ljKnjsf] alx:sf/nfO{ ;dy{g ub} { Go"g dtbfg u/] eg] ;fgf bnx?n] r'gfj n8] klg ck] lIft kl/0ffd lng ;s] gg\ . s] xL gofF bnx?n] r'gfjdf klt:kwf{ u/] / klg pgLx?n] ck] lIft ;kmntf kfKt ug{ ;s] gg\ . kd'v b'O{ 7"nf bnx?n] cfkm\gf] jr{Zj sfod /fVg ;s] g eg] ;fgf bnx?n] kefj lj:tf/ ug{ ;s] gg\ . o;n] ;dudf ljuts} hgdtsf] lg/Gt/tf b] vfPsf] 5 . oBlk bnx?sf] cfr/0f / z} nLdf eg] ;'wf/ ug'{kg] { cfjZostf yk af] w u/fPsf] x'g'k5{ . To;df klg cem ;Qf?9 bnnfO{ bn / ;/sf/ b'a} rnfpg'kg] { cj:yfdf cfr/0f / z} nL yk ;'wf/ ug'{kg] { cfjZostf 5 . d"n?kdf ljuts} hgdtsf] lg/Gt/tf x'Fbfx'Fb} klg If] q ljz] if x] bf{ ;Qf?9 g] skfsf] sfo{z} nLklt s] xL c;xdlt hgfPsf] dtsf] efjgf b] lvG5 . o;nfO{ bnx?n] ;lRrg] cj;/sf] ?kdf lng' h?/L 5 . hgtfsf] aLrdf hfg] , hgtfsf ;'vb'Mvdf ;fy lbg] , hgkltlglwsf nflu pDd] bjf/sf] l6s6 lb+bf klg hgtfs} aLr /x] / ;dfh;] jf ug{ rfxg] nfO{ lbg] s'/ fdf bnx?n] Wofg lbg ;s] eg] of] pklgjf{rgaf6 pgLx?n] l;Sg] dxTjk"0f{ lzIff x'g] 5 . clg ;fgf bnx?, hf] j} slNks zlQmsf] ?kdf :yflkt x'g rfxG5g\ pgLx?n] klg hgtfsf] aLrdf hfg] s'/ fsf] lzIff lng h?/L 5 . r'gfjeGbf afx] s afFsL lbg hgtf;Fu ghf] l8g] t/ lgjf{rgdf dt lng ;] lna] 6L pDd] bjf/ lbP/ dgf] / ~hg lb+b} df ;kmntf kfKt gx'Fbf] / x] 5 eGg] klg dtbftfn] ;+b] z lbPsf 5g\ . ;dudf of] ;a} sf nflu l;Sgnfos lgjf{rg ePsf] 5 .

s;n] s] eg] < ddfly klg w] / } d'2f 5g\ . em'6f 5g\, ;xL 5g\ kl5 yfxf x'g] s'/ f xf] . olb d bf] ifL g} 7xl/G5' eg] sf/jfxL ef] Ug tof/ 5' . unt9+un] dflg;x?sf] xTof ePsf] 5 eg] To;sf] klg lhDd]jf/L lnG5' eg]sf] 5' . – k'iksdn bfxfn ‘kr08’ -g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ -g] skf_ sf cWoIf_ d cfzfjfbL 5' ls o;kN6 kbs 1tflnsfdf g] kfnsf] :yfg lg/fzfhgs x'g] 5} g . of] v] nsf] ;dfkg;Fu} g] kfnL v] nf8Ln] kfKt u/] sf] ;kmntfn] g] kfnL v] nIf] qnfO{ pT;fx / pmhf{ eg] { sfd u5{ eGg] ljZjf; 5 . – hutaxfb'/ ljZjsdf{ -o'jf tyf v] ns'b dGqL_ cfkm\g} sf/0faf6 ;/sf/ cnf] slko x'g k'Ubf tL l/;fPsf hgtf klg sf+u] ;tkm{ cfslif{t ePsf] kfPF . – s[i0fnfn e“8] n -eQmk'/ If] q g+= ! s df lgjf{lrt g] kfnL sf+u] ;sf kb] z ;b:o_ dlxnfnfO{ sdhf] / /flv/fVg] k/Dk/fnfO{ kl/jt{g u/L kl/dfh{g ug{df s'g} kf6L{sf g] tf sfo{stf{ jf dlxnf :jo+n] cu;/tf lnPsf] b] Vg kfOPsf] 5} g . – 8f= eef s} gL -clwsf/jfbL_

ef/t;“u lnlDkofw'/ fb] lv lnk'n] s;Ddsf] g] kfnL e"ldaf/] ljjfb eO/x] sf a] nf g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn …kr08Ú n] d+l\;/ !# df Pp6f uDeL/ s"6gLlts ax; p7fpg'eof] . b'O{ l5d] sL;“usf] ;xsfo{sf] ljsf; df] 8] nnfO{ s:tf] agfpg] jf l5d] sLn] g] kfnnfO{ ljsf;sf b[li6sf] 0fdf s;/L a'‰g] eGg] ;Gbe{df pxf“n] …g] kfn cjwf/0ffÚ /fVg'eof] . …6' Kn; jfgÚ xf] Og, lqb] zLo cjwf/0ffdf hfg'k5{Ú g] kfn–rLg ldl8of kmf] / ddf pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …6' Kn; jfg -b'O{ hf] 8 Ps_ eGbf pxL lnk'n] sh:tf] x'G5 .Ú !% d] @)!% df ef/tLo kwfgdGqL g/] Gb df] bL rLgsf] ed0fdf hf“bf pxf“ / lrlgof“ ;dsIfL nL vl5ofªaLr lnk'n] saf6 ;Ldf Jofkf/ lj:tf/ ug] { ;xdlt ePsf] lyof] , hf] To;a] nf hf/L ;+o'Qm jQmJosf] a'“bf g+= @* df lnlka4 eof] . ha ls lnk'n] s g] kfnL e"–efu xf] eGg] kdf0f g] kfn;“u 5 . of] rLgn] klg :jLsf/] sf] 5 . clxn] lnlDkofw'/ f g] kfnsf] xf] eGb} 5f} + t/ oxF“ lnk'n] s g} xfdLaf6 ufoa x'“b} 5 . To;f] eof] eg] sfnfkfgLaf6 ef/tLo kmf} h x6fpg] g] kfnL kof;n] zlQm kfKt ub} {g . …6' Kn; jfgÚ sf] ;L–df] bL ;femf cjwf/0ffsf] pTklQ eg] r] GgfOsf] ddNnfk'/ ddf !!–!@ cS6f] a/df eof] , hxf“ pxf“x¿aLr bf] ;f] cgf} krfl/s lzv/ jftf{ ePsf] lyof] . dWo rLgsf] x'j] Osf] /fhwfgL pxfgdf ePsf] klxnf] cgf} krfl/s lzv/ jftf{sf] jflif{s lg/Gt/tfsf] k"j{;xdltcg';f/ ePsfn] o;nfO{ bf] ;f] pxfg a} 7s;d] t elgof] . oBlk pxfgdf ePsf] klxnf] lzv/ a} 7sdf …rLg–ef/t Kn;Úsf] cjwf/0ff cfPsf] lyof] , To;a] nf g] kfn pNn] v geP/ l5d] sL ;fgf /fi6«x¿klt of] df] 8ndf hfg] ;xdlt ePsf] lyof] . ;fob ckmuflg:tfgdf b'a} b] zn] ;+o'Qm ljsf; kl/of] hgf ;~rfng ug] { lg0f{o o;} cjwf/0ffcGtu{t ePsf] lyof] ls < ckmuflg:tfgnfO{ yfxf glbO ;xdlt ePsf] xf] eg] Tof] …Kn; jfgÚ s} wf/0ff lyof] . kl/of] hgf eg] cem} z'? ePsf 5} gg\ . /fi6«klt ;L g] kfnsf] cf} krfl/s ed0fdf cfpg] to ePsf] lyPg eg] ;DejtM b'O{ zlQmzfnL sfo{sf/LaLr g] kfnkltsf] ;femf b[li6sf] 0f to ug] { d'2fn] kj] z kfpg] lyPg . t/ ddNnfk'/ dkl5 ;L l;w} sf7df8f} + cfpg] k"j{lgwf{l/t sfo{qmd lyof] , h;n] b'O{ g] tfnfO{ g] kfnaf/] ;femf b[li6sf] 0f to ug] { jftfj/0f agfof] . of] ;femf b[li6sf] 0f /fi6«klt ;Ln] g] kfnL kwfgdGqL s] kL zdf{ cf] nL;“u af“8\g'eof] , h;sf] v'nf;f eO;s] sf] 5 . kr08eGbf klxnf kwfgdGqL cf] nLn] g} …b'O{ hf] 8 PsÚ sf] of] cjwf/0ffklt c;xdlt /fVg'eof] . låkIfLo jftf{s} qmddf cf] nLn] /fi6«klt ;LnfO{ …b'O{ hf] 8 PsÚ xf] Og,

g] kfnsf] :jfy{ / ljsf;df lqb] zLo ;xsfo{sf] k:tfj plrt 5 t/ rLg / ef/t ldn] / g] kfnaf/] lnOg] lg0f{onfO{ g] kfnn] c:jLsf/ u5{ . To; cy{df kwfgdGqL cf] nL / sfo{sf/L cWoIf kr08n] df] bL / ;Lklt cfklQ hgfpg'eof] . ca o;nfO{ g] kfn gLltsf ¿kdf ;+: yfut u/] / cl3 a9\g'k5{ .

====================================================== lqb] zLodf hfg'kg] { wf/0ff s"6gLlts efiffdf /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . pxf“n] ;dfgtfsf cfwf/df rLg / ef/t;“u ;DaGw cl3 a9fpg] g] kfn gLlt /x] sf] atfpg'ePsf] lyof] . cf] nLn] :yflkt u/] sf] cGt/f{li6«o ;DaGw dfgs g} ;dfgtf, ;fj{ef} ldstf, cfTd;Ddfg, /fli6«otf / kf/:kl/s nfe x'g\ . clxn] kf6L{sf] sfo{sf/L cWoIf ePkl5 kr08n] kwfgdGqL cf] nLn] cf/De u/] sf] Tof] g] kfn gLltnfO{ k"/ s g] t[Tj lbg'ePsf] 5 . kr08n] ki6tfsf;fy l5d] sL lgb] {lzt ;xsfo{ df] 8nsf hf] lvd pNn] v ub} { Tof] g] kfnnfO{ dfGo gx'g] c8fg ;fj{hlgs ug{'eof] . pxf“n] eGg'eof] ] – … of] af6 pxL lnk'n] ssf] lgoltdf k'luG5 . lgs} ptf/r9fj / x08/ 7Ss/kl5 kr08n] cg'ej ;f6\g'eof] / ;a} nfO{ cfx\ jfg ug{'eof] ] – …xfdL sf] xL lxhf] kf] –rfOlgh eof} +, sf] xL kf] –Ol08og eof} +, ca kf] –g] kfn / g] kfnL x'g'k5{ .Ú Kn; jfg lsg x'“b} g < of] cjwf/0ff klxnf] k6s ;L / df] bLaLr clkn @)!* df pxfgdf ePsf] a} 7sdf cfof] . e'6fg / rLgsf] ;Ldf gfsfdf ef/t;d] t hf] l8P/ cfPsf] bf] Snfd ks/0fkl5 Tof] cgf} krfl/s lzv/ jftf{sf] kxn ePsf] lyof] . vf;u/L b'a} b] z;“u hf] l8Psf ;fgf l5d] sL /fi6«x¿df cfkm\gf c:j:y klt:kwf{ /f] Sg jf åGå x'g glbg …rfOgf Ol08of Kn;Ú cjwf/0ff NofOPsf] lyof] . of] d"ntM lrlgof k:tfj lyof] . ;fob blIf0f PlzofnL ;fgf l5d] sLx¿ ef/tLo k/Dk/fut kefj If] qleq /x] sf] 7fg] / rLgn] pQm kefjnfO{ /0fgLlts tj/df sd ug{ NofPsf] lyof] . ef/tn] klg rLg;“u n8\g g;lsg] lgisif{;lxt Ps} k6s kefjxLg x'g'eGbf …ljg–ljgÚ jftfj/0f b] v] / ;xdlt hgfof] . kr08s} efiffdf …Kn; jfgÚ eg] sf] b'O{sf] ;xdltdf csf] { ylkg] xf] . klxnf ef/t / rLg clgjfo{ eP, g] kfn To;df ylkg] eof] . cyf{t b'O{ /fi6«sf] ;xdltkl5 g] kfn To;df ;xefuL x'g] . of] cjwf/0ff gNofp“b} ef/t / rLgn] of] df] 8] nsf] sfof{Gjog lnk'n] saf6 u/] rf/ jif{ cl3 . To;sf] cy{ ef/t / rLgsf] g] kfnkltsf]

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b[li6sf] 0f of] d'2fdf ;dfg lyof] , h;n] clxn] cfsf/ lnof] . klxnf sfof{Gjog, To;kl5 cjwf/0ffsf] ;fj{hgLs/0f eof] . lnk'n] s g] kfnsf] e"–efu xf] , ef/tsf] xf] Og . lnk'n] snfO{ s;} –s;} n] rLg;“usf] ;Ldf gfsf klg eg] sf 5g\, To;f] ubf{ of] g] kfn / rLgsf] d'2f eof] . t/ g/] Gb df] bL / ;L lrglkmªn] g] kfnnfO{ ;Í] t;d] t glbO cfk\mgf] agfP/ Toxf“af6 ;Ldf Jofkf/ lj:tf/sf] ;xdlt u/] . a] Olhª / gof“lbNnLaLr ;xdlt x'g] / To;nfO{ sf7df8f} +n] dfGg'kg] {, Tof] klg cfkm\gf] e"uf] n l5Gg] lg0f{o † To;} n] of] cjwf/0ffnfO{ g] kfnn] cflwsfl/s c:jLsf/ ug{'k5{, h;sf] s"6gLlts gf] 6 k//fi6« dGqfnon] lrlgof“ / ef/tLo ljb] z dGqfnonfO{ k7fpg'k5{ . kwfgdGqL cf] nL / cWoIf kr08n] g] kfnL cjwf/0ff ;fj{hlgs ug{'eP klg o;klt lnlvt c;xdlt g} btf{ u/fpg'k5{ tf ls b'a} b] zn] o:tf x} sdjfbL ;f] r cl3 a9fpg aGb u?g\ . kwfgdGqL cf] nLsf] Pp6f cjwf/0ff ;+: yfut ePsf] 5– b] z ;fgf jf 7"nf x'g ;S5g\ t/ ;fj{ef} ldstf ;dfg x'G5 . Kn; jfgsf] zlQm ;f] r cf] nLsf] of] cjwf/0fflj?4 5 . cfhsf] rLg / ef/tsf] x} l;ot tLg bzscl3 s] lyof] < s'g} klg a] nf g] kfnsf] cGt/f{li6«o x} l;ot kefjsf b[li6n] klg kl/jt{g x'g;S5, lsgls cf] nLsf] g] t[Tjdf g] kfn cGt/f{li6«o hutdf b] lvg / ;'lgg yfn] sf] kdf0f Ps bh{geGbf a9L 5g\ . lqkIfLo t'ngfTds plrt lqkIfLo eGg] lalQs} tLg kIf jf tLg b] z ;xefuL ePsf] eGg] cy{ nfU5 . s"6gLlts¿kdf eGbf of] o:tf] cfly{s / /fhgLlts gLlt xf] , h;n] tLg b] zsf] ;dfg / ldqjt ;DaGw / To;dfkm{t ul/g] ;Gt'lnt ljsf;nfO{ lalDat u5{ . cd] l/sf, klZrd o'/ f] k / hfkfg lqb] zLojfbsf] Pp6f df] 8n xf] . of] d"ntM ljsf;sf] lqb] zLotf xf] t/ o;nfO{ /0fgLlts / ;fdl/s :jfy{sf nflu kof] u ul/Psf] kfOG5 . cjwf/0ffsf ¿kdf JofVof geP klg g] kfn rLg / ef/taLrsf] …6«flGh6Ú -kf/jxg_ laGb' aGg;Sg] b] lv ultzLn k'n aGg ;Sg] ;Dd g] kfnL k:tfj cfPsf

x'g\ . kf/jxg laGb' x'g;Sg] / To;af6 g] kfnn] nfe lng;Sg] wf/0ff 1fg] Gbn] cl3 a9fpg'ePsf] lyof] eg] 8f= afa'/ fd e§/fO{n] ultzLn k'n -efOa] G6 lah_ sf] cjwf/0ff Nofpg'eof] . lqb] zLo jf lqkIfLo ;xsfo{sf] k:tfj rflx“ kr08n] cl3 ;fg{'eof] . kwfgdGqL ePkl5 klxnf] rLg ed0f, To;df gof“lbNnLsf] lj/f] wkl5 kms] {nuQ} klxnf] /fhgLlts ed0f ef/t x'g] cleJolQm / To;kl5 s6\jfn sf08df ;QfRo'tnufotsf ljsf;kl5 kr08n] of] …l8:sf] ;{Údf Nofpg'ePsf] lyof] . ;Qfsf] v] ndf km:bf pxf“n] To;nfO{ ;xL¿kdf cl3 a9fpg ;Sg'ePg . @)^* df afa'/ fd e§/fO{ kwfgdGqL ePsf a] nf lrlgof“ kwfgdGqL a] g lhofafcf] g] kfnsf] kf“r 306] ed0fdf cfpg'eof] , vf8L /fi6«x¿sf] ed0fdf hfg] qmddf . ;'/ Iff clglZrttf / Ph] G8fljxLgtfsf] cj:yfdf a] gsf] ed0f x'“bf lqb] zLo ljsf;sf] cjwf/0ffdf 5nkmn ePsf] ;fj{hlgs eof] . nuQ} ef/tLo clwsf/LnfO{ p4[t ub} { ef/tLo ;~rf/dfWodn] g] kfnsf] lqb] zLo ;xsfo{sf] k:tfj ef/tåf/f c:jLsf/ eGg] l/kf] 6{ lbP . cyf{t ef/tn] lqb] zLo wf/0ffnfO{ dfg] sf] 5} g, rLgsf tkm{af6 o;df cfklQ ePsf] b] lvb} g . lqb] zLodf ef/t ;sf/fTds gePkl5 b'O{ hf] 8 Pssf] k:tfj rLgaf6 cfPsf] b] lvG5 . of] ljZj ljrf/sf] ljZj xf] Og, /fli6«o :jfy{sf] ljZj xf] . km] l/ s"6gLlt … lh/f] ;d u] dÚ xf] Og . u7aGwg jf ;xsfo{ jf sf] l/8f] / sf] k:tfjsn] csf{sf] sNof0f ug{ k:tfj NofPsf] x'“b} g / xf] Og . g] kfnn] h'g;'s} cjwf/0ff lnP klg To;sf] klxnf] zt{ /fli6«o :jfy{sf] ;'/ Iff / ;+/ If0f xf] . 8f] gfN8 6«Dk ;+/ If0fjfbL gLltdf hfg'eof] , h;sf] s] Gbdf cd] l/sL gful/s / :jfy{ 5 . cGt/f{li6«o ;DaGwsf] oyfy{jfbL ;f] rn] c/fhstf / tLa klt:kwf{sfaLrdf /fi6«x¿n] cfkm\gf] :jfy{afx] s s] xL b] Vb} gg\ eGg] 7fG5 . To;sf] cy{ ljZj Joj:yfsf] Pp6f k0ffnLaf6 tL ljsf; cnu x'G5g\ eGg] xf] Og . …l;:6y Yof] / LÚn] sltko 3/] n' / afx\o lg0f{o lng sltko /fi6«x¿ :jtGq x'“b} gg\ eGg] jsfnt u5{ . g] kfn PSn} n] g] kfnnfO{ kmfOb} kmfObf x'g] dfq gLlt agfp“5' / Tof] c¿n] dfGg'k5{ eGg] 7fGg' unt x'G5 . To;sf] cy{ zlQm/fi6«sf :jfy{sf] qmL8f:yn jf uf] 6L aGg] kj[lQ sfod /fVg'k5{ eGg] xf] Og . g] kfnsf] :jfy{ / ljsf;df lqb] zLo ;xsfo{sf] k:tfj plrt 5 t/ rLg / ef/t ldn] / g] kfnaf/] lnOg] lg0f{onfO{ g] kfnn] c:jLsf/ u5{ . To; cy{df kwfgdGqL cf] nL / sfo{sf/L cWoIf kr08n] df] bL / ;Lklt cfklQ hgfpg'eof] . ca o;nfO{ g] kfn gLltsf ¿kdf ;+: yfut u/] / cl3 a9\g'k5{ . ;fef/ M uf]/vfkq

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@)&^ ;fn d+l;/ !^ ut] ;f]djf/ (Dec. 2, 2019)

www.nayayougbodh.com/E-mail: yougbodh@gmail.com

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ljhoL x'g'ePsf] 5 . pxf“sf lgs6td klt:kwL{ g] kfnL sf+u] ;sf cd/ /] ZdL du/nfO{ gf} dtsf] lemgf] dtfGt/n] kl5 kfb} { pxf“ ljhoL x'g'ePsf] xf] . kf08] n] 5 ;o (^ dt kfKt ug'{ePsf] 5\ eg] /] ZdLn] 5 ;o *& dt kfKt ug'{ePsf] 5 . o; j8fdf Ps xhf/ tLg ;o (& dt v;] sf] lyof] . h;df !$ dt ab/ ePsf] lgjf{rg clws[t rGbb] j ef/tLn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . P] / fjtL ! df ljhoL $! jifL{o kf08] g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ -g] skf_ sf lhNnf sld6L ;b:o x'g'x'G5 . hgtf kflj h'8f6fs'/ fdf @@ jif{;Dd c:yfoL lzIfs x'g'ePsf kf08] sf] ;fdflhs 5lj /fdf] 5 . pxf“n] @)&% r} q # ut] lzIf0f k] zfaf6 cjsfz eP/ /fhgLltdf xf] ldg'ePsf] xf] . pxf“n] j8fWoIfdf lgjf{lrt eO;s] kl5 o; If] qsf] ;8s, vfg] kfgL, :jf:Yo, lzIff nufot hgtfsf cfjZostfx? k"/ f ug{ cfkm' klta4 x'g] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . ;fy} j8fleq l;+rfO{ s'nf] , kSsL k'n lgdf{0fdf ;d] t cu;/ x'g] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] . To:t} P] / fjtL ufp“kflnsf–@ a/f} nfsf] j8fWoIfdf :jtGq pDd] bjf/ led] zs'df/ 3tL{ du/ ljhoL x'g'ePsf] 5 . lgs6td klt:kwL{ /fli6«o hgdf] rf{sf eQmaxfb'/ lasnfO{ tLg ;o %! dtn] kl5 kfb} { 3tL{du/ ljhoL x'g'ePsf] xf] . du/n] cf7 ;o %% dt kfKt ug'{ePsf] 5 . /fli6«o hgdf] rf{sf pDd] bjf/ eQmaxfb'/ lasn] kf“r ;o rf/ dt kfKt ug'{ePsf] 5 . To:t} g] kfnL sf+u] ;sf e'kfn lh;Ln] tLg ;o %^ dt kfKt ug'{ePsf] 5 .

o; j8fdf j8fWoIfsf nflu Ps xhf/ ;ft ;o $! dt v;] sf] lyof] . h;dWo] @^ dt ab/ ePsf] lgjf{rg clws[t ef/tLn] atfpg'eof] . led] z 3tL{ du/ g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ -g] skf_ P] / fjtL ufp“ sld6Lsf ;lrjfno ;b:o x'g'x'G5 . s] Gbdf /fhdf] / g] skfsf] tfnd] n ePkl5 pxf“n] P] / fjtL @ df ;"o{ lrGx kfpg'ePsf] lyPg . ufp“ ;+u7g sld6L / lhNnf sld6Lsf] ;Nnfxdf pxf“n] :jtGqaf6 pDd] bjf/L lbO{ r'gfj lhTg'ePsf] xf] . pxf“nfO{ g] skfsf dtbftfn] dtbfg u/L ljhoL u/fPsf x'g\ . $@ jifL{o du/ cf7 jif{;Dd lzIf0f k] zf u/] kl5 /fhgLltdf xf] ldg'ePsf] xf] . pxf“ cflbjf;L hghflt dxf;+3 lhNnf zfvf Ko'7fgsf sfo{jfxs cWoIf, g] kfn du/ ;+3 Ko'7fg zfvfsf ;lrj, % gDa/ kb] zsf ;b:o, a/f} nf s[lif ;xsf/L ;+: yfsf cWoIf, hgsNof0f cfwf/e"t ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf] cWoIf;d] t /xg'ePsf] 5 . pxf“n] cfkm" j8fWoIfdf lgjf{lrt eO;s] kl5 j8fdf ePsf vfg] kfgL, ;8s, lzIff, :jf:Yonufot If] qsf ;d:ofx? ;dfwfg ug{ cu;/ x'g] atfpg'eof] . j8fdf kfKt of] hgfx? ;Dk"0f{ If] qdf k'¥ofpg] , afnaflnsf, Ho] ] i7 gful/s, o'jf, blnt hghfltsf If] qdf cfkm\ gf sfo{qmdx? cufl8 a9fpg] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] . P] / fjtL ufp“kflnsf–@ sf j8fcWoIf lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldltsf] kd'v / j8f g+= ! sf cWoIf kbd yfkf lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldltsf] pkkd'v ePkl5 oL j8fdf pklgjf{rg ePsf] xf] .

anfTsf/ 36gfsf bf]ifLdfly s8f sf/jfxL ug{ dfu

a'6jn, !% d+l;/ -o';_– g] kfn du/ dlxnf ;+3 lhNnf ;ldlt ?kGb] xLsf] ;ftf} + lhNnf clwj] zg !# ;b:oLo gof“ g] t[Tj rog ub} { ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . ?kGb] xLsf] ;} gfd} gfl:yt yf? xf] d:6] df ;DkGg clwjz] gaf6 cWoIfdf k'gM rGbf yfkf du/ lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] 5 . cWoIf / sf] iffWoIf kbsf nflu cfsf+IfLx? w] / } ePsfn] ;xdltsf] kof; x'g g;s] kl5 zlgjf/ /flt l9nf] u/L z'? ePsf] dtbfg klqmofaf6 g] t[Tj rog ul/Psf] lyof] . s'n v;] sf @& dtdWo] gjlgjf{lrt cWoIf yfkfn] @% dt kfKt ug'{ePsf] lyof] eg] cWoIf kbsf csf{ pDd] bjf/ s'df/L k'gn] Ps dt kfKt ug'{ePsf] lyof] . Ps dt ab/ ePsf] lgjf{rg ;ldltsf cWoIf uLtf ;f?n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . clwj] zgaf6 pkfWoIfdf lgd{nf yfkf du/, ;lrjdf ;l/tf yfkf du/ / ;x;lrjdf lvdf yfkf du/ lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] 5 . sf] iffWoIf kbsf

nflu klg b'O{hgfsf] pDd] bjf/L k/] kl5 dtbfgaf6 g] t[Tj rog ul/Psf] lyof] . sf] iffWoIfdf gGbf a'9f du/ @^ dt NofP/ ljhoL x'g'ePsf] 5 . To;} u/L ;b:ox?df lji0f' yfkfdu/ -;} gfd} gf_, s'Zdf k'g du/ -l;4fy{gu/_, ;/:jtL lx:sL du/ -cf] d;ltof_, ofg' k'g du/ -ltnf] Qdf_, elj;/f /fgf du/ -a'6jn_, ;+uLtf anfn du/ -s~rg_, rf] nLdfof em] +8L du/ -b] jbx_ / lbndfof l;+hfnL du/ lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] 5 . ;+3sf lhNnf cWoIf rGbf yfkfsf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg clwjz] gdf g] kfn du/ dlxnf ;+3sf s] GbLo cWoIf ljlgtf cfn] du/, al/i7 pkfWoIf ddtf a'9fyf] sL du/, pkfWoIf lx? /fgf du/, g] kfn du/ ;+3sf kb] z % pkfWoIf wgL cfn] du/ / ;b:o ;~hLj yfkf, g] kfn cflbjf;L hghflt dxf;+3 lhNnf ;dGjo kl/ifb\, ?kGb] xLsf cWoIf z+s/ ufxf du/, g] kfn du/ ;+3 ;} gfd} gf gu/ cWoIf ;"o{ljqmd /fgf du/nufotn] af] Nb} lgjf{lrt

;ldltnfO{ awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf lbg'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmd s'df/L k'gsf] :jfut tyf ;lrj s] z/L ufxfsf] ;~rfngdf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . clwj] zgdf ?kGb] xLsf a'6jn, ltnf] Qdf, ;} gfd} gfnufot ;ft :yfgLo txsf du/ dlxnfx? ;xefuL lyP . lgjf{rgkZrft cWoIf rGbf yfkfsf] cWoIftfdf a;] sf] sfo{;ldltsf] klxnf] a} 7sn] xfn} ?kGb] xLdf Ps !^ jifL{of lszf] / Ldfly ePsf] anfTsf/ 36gfsf] bf] ifLnfO{ kqmfp u/L s8f sf/jfxL ug'{kg] { dfu u/] sf] 5 . cbfntaf6 kqmfp k"hL{ hf/L eO;s] sf] cj:yfdf kL8snfO{ t'?Gt kqmfp u/L xb} ;Ddsf] sf/jfxLsf] dfu ul/Psf] 5 . kLl8t lszf] / Lsf] kIfdf Gofosf nflu g] kfn du/ dlxnf ;+3 ?kGb] xLn] cfkm\ gf] tkm{af6 k} / jL ug] { lg0f{o ;d] t u/] sf] 5 . bf] ifLnfO{ s'g} klg axfgfdf pGd'lQm lbOP cfGbf] ng tyf bafasf sfo{qmd ul/g] a} 7sn] lg0f{o u/] sf] 5 .

cfhsf] /fzLkmn @)&^.)*.!^ ut] ;f]djf/ dfu{zLif{ z'Sn kIf, ltly ifi7L, gIf]qM >j0f cfh bfªsf] ;"of]{bo ^M%$M)$, ;"of{:t %M@!M)$

eLd]; 3tL{ du/

3f]/fxLdf /fli6«otf ;DaGwL ljrf/ uf]i7L x'g] 3f] / fxL, !% d+l;/ -o';_– OR5's ;f+: s[lts klti7fgn] d+l;/ @! ut] zlgjf/ æ/fli6«o :jfwLgtf / ;flxToaLrsf] cGt/;DaGwÆ ljifodf ljrf/ uf] i7L tyf sljtf uf] i7L ug] { ePsf] 5 . kultzLn ;flxTo kl/jf/ t'n;Lk'/ sf] ;xcfof] hgfdf sfo{qmd x'g] klti7fgn] hgfPsf] 5 . g] kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] ejgdf laxfg ;f9] !! ah] x'g] sfo{qmddf kf= 8f= tf/fsfGt kf08] / 8f= cd/ lu/Ln] sfo{kq k:t't ug'{x'g] 5 . sfo{qmddf sf7df8f} , kf] v/f, :ofª\hf, tgx'“, lrtjg, dsjfgk'/ , bfª, af“s] , uf] / vfaf6 cfPsf :yflkt sljx?af6 /fli6«otf;DaGwL sljtf jfrg x'g] cWoIf lx/fdl0f b'MvLn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

nIdLwf/f Hof]ltif s]Gb Hof]= k+= 8f= e'jg]Zj/ a~hf8] ;b:o– g]kfn Hof]ltif kl/ifb\ df]afOn M (*$&*$!@%!

d]if -r",r] ,rf] ,nf,nL,n",n] ,nf] ,c_M lg0ff{os df]8df låljwf pTkGg x'g ;Sg]5 . eljiosf nflu gof“ sfdsf] hu a;fpg ;lsg]5 . cfhsf] d]xgtn] kl5nfO{ kmfObf x'g]5 .

t'nf -/f,/L,?,/],/f] ,tf,tL,t",t] _M ;fem]bf/L sfo{x?df

j[if -O{,pm,P,cf] ,jf,lj,j",j] ,jf] _M wd{ k/f]ksf/ / cWoflTds efjsf] ljsf; x'g]5 . r'gf}tLk"0f{ sfo{sf] lhDd]jf/L kfKt x'g ;Sg]5 . ;xof]u vf]h] ;xof]u kfOg]5 .

j[lZrs -tf] ,gf,gL,g",g] ,gf] ,of,oL,o"_M kl/l:yltsf] df]8 ;f]r]eGbf km/s /xg ;Sg]5 . /rgfTds sfo{df ;lqmo eO cuf8L a9]df ;do pknlAwd"ns x'g]5 .

ldy'g -sf,sL,s",3,ª,5,s] ,sf] ,x_M zf/Ll/s lx;fan] ;do klts"n /xg]5 . clnslt cndn] ksf/sf] ;do /xg]5 . sfo{df lanDjtf, r'gf}tL / lhDd]jf/L /xg]5 .

wg' -o] ,of] ,ef,eL,e",w,kmf,9f,e] _M cfDbfgLsf] ;f]t a9fpg ;lsg]5 . lbuf] kmfObfsf] nflu ;Demf}tf ug{ ;lsg]5 . cfly{s lqmofsnfkdf jf0fLsf] z'e kefj /xg]5 .

ss{6 -xL,x",x] ,xf] ,8f,8L,8",8] ,8f] _M lzi6frf/ cflb sfo{n] cNdnfpg ;Sg]5 . cfTd ;Ddfgsf] x]Ssf /fv]/ cl3 a9\bf pQd /xg]5 . /dfOnf]df, ef]u ljnf;df vr{ x'g]5 .

ds/-ef] ,hf,hL,h",h] ,hf],vf,vL,v",v] ,vf] ,uf,uL_M ;xof]uLx?n] ;fy lbg]5g\ . gof“ sfo{sf] k:tfj cfpg ;Sg]5 . hd36 Pj+ :jflbi6 ef]hg kflKtsf cj;/ x'g]5g\ . s'De -u",u] ,uf] ,;,;L,;',;] ,;f] ,b_M Jofj;flos If]qdf nufgL a9fpg kg]{ cj:yf cfpg ;Sg]5 . k};fsf] dfq d'v tfSbf ;fyLefO 6fl9g ;Sg]5g\ .

l;+x -df,dL,d",d],df],6f,6L,6",6] _M r'gf}tLx?;“u le8]/ cys kof; ubf{ r'gf}tLx? k5\ofpg, kf/ nufpg ;lsg]5 . Jofjxfl/s ;d:ofn] sfo{df ;d:of cfpg ;Sg]5 .

;dembf/L / ;Demf}tf e+u x'g ;Sg]5 . h;sf] sf/0f ;d:of cfpnf . sfo{ ;Dkfbgdf z'elrGtssf] cfjZos 5 .

sGof -6f],k,kL,k",if,0f,7,k],kf] _M :jf:Yosf nflu vfgkfgdf dLg -bL,b",y,em,~f,b] ,bf] ,rf,rL_M cfo cfh{g kfKt ug{ xf];\ k'¥ofpg ;s] pQd x'g]5 . c?sf] d'v tfs]/ a;] k5f8L ;lsg]5 . k'/fgf] sfo{sf] kltkmn kflKtn] pT;fx hufpg kg{ ;lsg]5 . Jofjxfl/s ;d:of cfpnf . ;Sg]5 . kl/jf/hgsf cfjZostf k"/f ug{ ;lsg]5 . * gd:t] z'e laxfgL oxf“x?sf] lbgrof{ ;'vb\ /xf];\.

CMYK

3f] / fxL, !% d+l;/ -o';_– zflGtgu/ ufp“kflnsf–@ lji0f'k'/ lgjf;L kbdaxfb'/ cf] nL / >LdtL hoGtf cf] nLdfly ePsf] s'6lk6klt g] skf zflGt/gu/ ufp“kflnsf j8f g+= @ sld6Ln] 3f] / lgGbf ub{} bf] ifLdfly sf/jfxLsf] dfu u/] sf] 5 . g] skf zflGtgu/ ufp“kflnsf j8f g+= @ sf cWoIf v'daxfb'/ cf] nLn] hf/L u/] sf] lj1lKtdf zlgjf/ a] n'sL ;f9] 5 ah] cf] nL bDktL dfly zflGtgu/ ufp“kflnsfsf cWoIf sdfgl;+x 8f“uL / pxf“sf 5f] / f lj/h 8f“uLn] 3/d} uP/ s'6lk6 u/] sf] pNn] v ul/Psf] 5 . lj1lKtdf elgPsf] 5– …cf] nLs} 3/df cfP/ b'O{ afa'–5f] / f -ufp“kflnsf cWoIf sdfgl;+x 8f“uL / lj/h 8f“uL_ n] 3/] n' xltof/n] d/0ff;Gg x'g] u/L s'6lk6 u/] sf 5g\ .Ú lj1lKtdf 36gfkZrft 3fOt] cf] nL bDktLnfO{ /fKtL kfb] lzs c:ktfndf pkrf/sf nflu nluPsf] eGb} 36gfsf] ;TotYo 5fglag u/L bf] ifLdfly sf/jfxLsf] dfu ul/Psf] 5 . To:t} pQm 36gf j] jf:tf ePdf To;af6 pTkGg x'g] kl/l:yltsf] lhDd] jf/L ufp“kflnsfsf cWoIf 8f“uL / pxf“sf] 5f] / fn] lng'kg{] eGb} lj1lKtdfkm{t r] tfjgL lbOPsf] 5 .

ltvf{ gnfUg] u/L kfgL lkpg] /fdaxfb'/ q uf] ljGb v8\sf 3f] / fxL, !% d+l;/ . pd] / &# jif{ . 3/ 3f] / fxL–!( sfpn] rf} / bfª . ltvf{ nfUb} g . kfgL vfO{ /xg'x'G5 . laxfg} klg kfgL lkpg'x'G5 . ;xf/f nf7Lsf] 5 . cg'xf/df rds eg] 36] sf] h:tf] nfUb} g . …kfgL slt a] nf vfg'x'G5 <Ú hgtf kflj sfpn] rf} / df hDdf ePsf &% hgf :yfgLonfO{ kZg ;f] lwof] . …kfgL lt; nfu] kl5 vfg] xf] , gq sf] n] vfG5 <Ú of] pxf“afx] s ;a} sf] hjfkm lyof] . Ho] i7 gful/s /fdaxfb'/ /f] sf du/ cNkdtdf kg'{eof] . pxf“n] ltvf{ nfUg} glbg] u/L kfgL lkpg' x'G5 . /f] uJofwLsf] vf; ;d:of 5} g . pxf“sf cg';f/ cf/fd dx;'; x'G5 . ;kmf sk8f nufpg] pkl:ytx?df kg'{x'GYof] . vfN6] b] lvP klg ufnf rfpl/Psf lyPgg\ . /l;nf b] lvGy] . ;'Vvfkg d'xf/ / sk8f aflx/sf xft uf] 8fdf st} klg b] lvGgYof] . o:tf] b] lvg'sf] sf/0f ltvf{ gnfUg] u/L vfPsf] kfgL] xf] . cfkm" :j:y / tGb?i6 /x] sf] atfpg'eof] . c?n] ;'Gg] u/L kfgL vfg'k5{ eGg'x'GYof] . Tof] cfjfh cNkdtdf kb{Yof] . …clxn] ;Dd k/b] z hfg'k/] sf] 5} g . pd] / 5pGh] n 3f“; bfp/f, e} +;L uf] 7fnf] u/] / latfOof] .Ú pxf“n] yKg'eof] – …clxn] af6f] df a:g'x'G5 .Ú pxf“sf cg';f/ >LdtLn] 5f] 8] / uPkl5 PSn} /xg'x'G5 . cfkm} ksfO vfg'x'G5 . cN5L nfUb} g . tfut kfgLdf 5 . hf“u/ kfgLn] lbG5 . …kfgL w] / } vfg'k5{Ú– eg] / ;'gfp“bf ;d"xaf6 hjfkm cfof] – …of] lr;f] df kfgL vfP t 9fl8P/ dl/Pnf lg <Ú a] ;/L kfgL vfPkl5 dl/G5 eGg] x?sf] afx'Notf b] lvGYof] . k] 6;DaGwL /f] u tyf ;bL{ x'g] sf/0f kz:t kfgL lkpg'nfO{ lng] x?sf] ax'dt lyof] . Toxf“sf dfG5] x? klg lj/fdL k5{g\ . cf} iflw vfG5g\ . ;~rf] x'G5 . la/fdL x'g'sf] ] sf/0f vf;} vf] Hb} gg\ . a? s] xL JolQmn] b} j bzf nfu] eg] / lrQ a'emfp“5g\ . ul/anfO{ x] nf u5{, hxf“ kftnf]

ToxL+ RofltG5 h:tf s'/ fn] lrQ a'emfpg] x?sf] ;+Vof klg 5 . …sfd ug{ hfg] xf] . af/Ldf hf] Tg] vGg] a] nf kl;gf cfp“5 ltvf{ nfU5Ú– Pshgf dlxnfn] eGb} x'g'x'GYof] . …rsf] { g'g vfPsf] a] nf ltvf{ nfU5 . kfgL vfOG5 .Ú To;df ;dy{g hgfp“b} …Tolx t xf] lg tf] Ú eGb} lyP . z/L/nfO{ k'Ubf] kz:t kfgL lkpg] rng 5} g . hf“8, dxL vfg] x? klg 5g\ . pgLx?n] klg a] ;/L ltvf{ nfUof] eg] dfq} vf] H5g\ . ev{/ sf o'jf o'jtL, aRrfsf cfdfx?, nf7L 6] Sb} cfPsf Ho] i7 gful/s sfo{qmddf pkl:yt lyP . pdfn] / kfgL vfg] u/] sf] b] lvPg . c:ktfndf 8fS6/n] cf} iflw;“u tftf] kfgL vfg' eg] kl5 dfq} vfG5g\ . To;afx] s ltvf{ gnfUg] u/L kfgL vfg] /fdaxfb'/ PSnf x'g\ .

du/ ljBfyL{ ;+3 kb]z s/Lj !$ nfv ef/tLo ?k}of“ % sf] cWoIfdf kbLk ;lxt Pshgf kqmfp

o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf a'6jn, !% d+l;/ . g] kfn du/ ljBfyL{ ;+3 kb] z % sf] kyd clwjz] gaf6 cWoIfdf kbLk 3tL{ du/ rog x'g'ePsf] 5 . ;+3sf] a'6jndf ePsf] clwj] zgaf6 3tL{ du/ cWoIfdf lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] xf] . To;} u/L pkfWoIfdf l;hg /fgf du/ -u'NdL_, b'O{ eflifs pkfWoIfdf lrq /f] sf du/ -Ko'7fg_ / sdn yfkf du/ -?kGb] xL_, ;lrj k] d /f] sf du/ -alb{of_, ;x;lrj bLks bnf{dL du/ -?kGb] xL_ / sf] iffWoIfdf ;'dg yfkf du/ -slknj:t'_ rog x'g'ePsf] 5 . !)) Ü glb yfx} O{

Ko'7fgdf pklgjf{rgsf] dtu0fgf ;lsof]

s'6lk6 ug{] dfly sf/jfxLsf] dfu

;dfrf/

To;} u/L ;b:ox?df cf] d rtL{ du/ -Ko'7fg_, ;'ldqf /fgf du/ -af“s] _, zld{nf k'g du/ -slknj:t'_, /flwsf yfkf du/ -alb{of_, ltns /fgf du/ -u'NdL_ / /fh] z yfkf du/ /xg'ePsf] 5 . af“sL /x] sf cGo ;b:ox? kl5 yk ul/g] lgjf{rg ;ldltsf ;+of] hs OGb ;f?n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . g] kfn du/ ljBfyL{ ;+3sf s] GbLo ;lrj bLk' du/sf] cWoIftf tyf g] kfn du/ ;+3sf s] GbLo sf] iffWoIf sdnf yfkfsf] kd'v cfltYotfdf ePsf] clwj] zgdf af] Ng] jQmfx?n] cfd ljBfyL{x?sf] z} lIfs lqmofsnfk k"0f{t hLjg;“u d] n vfg'kg] { s'/ fdf hf] 8 lbg'eof] .

3f] / fxL, !% d+l;/ -o';_– lhNnf kx/L sfof{no bfªn] sl/j !$ nfv ef/tLo ?k} of“;lxt PshgfnfO{ kqmfp u/] sf] 5 . lhNnf kx/L sfof{no bfªn] z''qmjf/ /flt 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g++= !@ xfk''/ l6s/Lsf ljzfn eGg] uf] s0f{axfb''/ lasnfO{ !# nfv (! xhf/ Ps;o &) ef/tLo ?k} of“;lxt kqmfp u/] sf] xf] . ef/tsf] xl/of0ff /fHosf] r/;Lbfb/L lhNnfl:yt 3/] n' sfdbf/sf ?kdf /x] sf lasn] ;f] xL 3/af6 pQm /sd rf] / L u/L NofPsf] lhNnf kx/L sfof{no bfªsf kjQmf kx/L gfoj pk/LIfs ljgf] bljqmd

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af“s] , !% d+l;/ . …vfnL lbdfu ;} tfgsf 3/Ú km';{bdf /x] sf g] kfnu~hsf ;xb] j >] i7nfO{ klg dlb/f?kL ;} tfgn] uf“Hg' uf“Hof] . g] kfnu~hsf] rlr{t :s"n P~hN;df @% jif{ lzIfs eP/ ;Ddflgt hLjg latfPsf pgL Toxf“af6 x6] kl5 vfnL dfq} ePgg\, …cNsf] xf] lnsÚ g} eP . pgL ;fyLefOsf] ;+utn] dlb/fk] dL ag] . g/fd/L km;] . dlb/fn] pgsf] dfq} xf] Og, 3/kl/jf/s} ;Ddfg lu/fof] . Ps ;do o:tf] cfof] ls …ca af“Rb} gÚ eGg] ;Dd eof] . cflht ePsf 3/kl/jf/n] pgnfO{ gjls/0f k'g:yf{kgf s] Gbdf k7fP . Ps dlxgfsf nflu k'g:yf{kgf s] Gbdf k'u] sf >] i7 Toxf“sf] jftfj/0fn] ubf{ kf“r dlxgf a;] . …gjls/0fdf uPkl5 dnfO{ olt cfgGb / zflGt ldNof] ls d yk rf/ dlxgf a;] +Ú– >] i7n] eg] – …gjls/0fn] d] / f] hLjg ;'wfl/lbof] . d] / f] lbdfuaf6 ;} tfg?kL dlb/f eufOlbof] .Ú v] n lzIfs x'“b} g} lts lzIff klg k9fP >] i7n] . ljBfyL{nfO{ g} lts lzIff k9fpg] pgL :s"n 5f] 8] kl5 cfkm} cg} lts eP . …;dod} ;'lwP, dlb/f 5f] 8] sf] rf} yf] jif{ k"/ f eP/ kf“rf+} jif{ kj] z u/] sf >] i7n] eg] ;'lwP . u'dfPsf] dfg;Ddfg, OHht kmls{b} 5 .Ú gjls/0fdf a;] sf] b'O{ dlxgfkl5 5 jif{sL 5f] / L P~hln; pgnfO{ e] 6\g gjls/0fdf k'u] sL /lx5g\ . a'jf;“u e] l6;s] kl5 5f] / Ln] gjls/0fsf lgb] {zs pQd v/] nnfO{ ;f] lw5g\, d] / f] a'jfn] clxn] t /S;L vfg'x'“b} g lg <Ú 5 jif{sL 5f] / Lsf] o:tf] kZgn] >] i7nfO{ cem nlHht agfP5 . >] i7n] eGg'eof] – …d} n] d] / f] kl/jf/nfO{ slt b'lvt u/fPsf] /x] 5' eGg] yfxf kfP“ . 5f] / Lsf] Tof] kZgn] d] / f] lbdfu g} vNanfOlbof] . dlb/f 5f] 8\g cem k] l/t u¥of] . gjls/0fdf kf“r dlxgf a:bf >] i7n] cf7 306f k9\g'kYof] { . ljBfyL{nfO{ k9fP/ a;] sf pgnfO{ cfkm} k9\g' kbf{ cem w] / } l;Sg] df} sf kfP . cfh pgsf] 3/kl/jf/df xf“;Lv'zL lkmtf{ ePsf] 5 . %) ?k} of“ dfUbf …/S;L vfgnfO{ t xf] nf lg <Ú eGg] 3/kl/jf/n] ljZjf; u/] sf 5g\ . …u'd] sf] ljZjf; / ;Ddfg lkmtf{ x'“b} 5 .

…clxn] d} n] OeNj s] o/ xf] : 6] n rnfPsf] 5' . /fd} eO/x] sf] 5 >]i7sf] egfO 5 . gjls/0fn] zlgjf/ …;'lwPsfÚ x?sf] ;fd"lxs hGd lbg dgfOlbof] . >] i7n] klg rf} yf] hGdlbg dgfP . of] jf:tljs pd] / sf] hGd lbg xf] Og, ;'lwPsf] jif{nfO{ ug] / dgfOg] hGd lbg lyof] . vh'/ fsf ljgf] b sfsL{ #( jif{sf eP . pgn] zlgjf/ gjls/0fdf …klxnf] hGd lbgÚ dgfP . cNsf] xf] lns sfsL{n] dlb/f 5f] 8] sf] Ps jif{ ePsfn] klxnf] hGd lbg dgfPsf x'g\ . g] kfnL ;] gfsf e"k" xjNbf/ d] h/ sfsL{n] !% jif{sf] x'“bfb] lv g} dlb/f vfg yfn] sf lyP . dlb/fdf pgsf] nt o;/L a9\of] ls g] kfn cfdL{sf] s8f cg'zf;gn] ;d] t 5] s] g . l8p6L ldnfpg] xjNbf/ d] h/ cfkm} d:t x'g] ub{y] . … l8p6Ldf /x‘“bf klN6g] u/L vf“b} gy] . t/ 8f] h sd x'g] lalQs} ylkxfNy] , sfsL{n] eg] – …cfwfa9L tnj t dlb/fd} l;Wofp“y] .Ú sfsL{n] a] nf–a] nfdf dlb/f 5f] 8\g] kof; klg u/] . tLg dlxgf /S;L 5f] Pgg\ . 5f] / Lsf] hGd lbgdf km] l/ 9Ng] u/L vfP . clt g} ePkl5 pgL gjls/0f ;'wf/ u[xdf cfP . Ps jif{b] lv ;'wf/ u[xdf a;] sf pgL dlb/fb] lv 6f9f 5g\ . ;'wf/u[xdf cfP/ dlb/f 5f] 8] sf] lbgnfO{ k'gh{Gd eGb} sf] xnk'/ sf k"0f{ /fgfn] klg zlgjf/ klxnf] hGd lbg dgfP . uf8Ldf sG8S6/sf] sfd ug] { /fgfn] !# dlxgfb] lv dlb/f 5f] Psf 5} gg\ . /fgf eGG5g\– …d ca ;'lwP“ .Ú cNsf] xf] lnsdfq} xf] Og, nfu"cf} ifwdf r'n'{Dd 8'a] / To;nfO{ r6Ss 5f] 8L cfkm} cleoGtf ag] / lx“8] sf cle/fh If] qL,

;Nofgdf ax'kfljlws lzIffno lgdf{0f x'g] q a'l4 k'g ;Nofg, !% d+l;/ . ;Nofgdf ax'kfljlws lzIffno lgdf{0f x'g] lglZrt ePsf] 5 . @))* ;fndf :yfkgf ePsf] k'/ fgf] ljBfno lqe'jg hg gd"gf dfWolds ljBfno lhNnfsf] ;b/d'sfd vn+ufdf /x] sf] n'xflkªnfO{ ax'kfljlws lzIffnosf ?kdf ljsf; ul/g] ePsf] xf] . clxn] kfljlws wf/sf] k9fO ;~rfng u/] sf] o; ljBfnodf kb] z:t/Lo ax'kfljlws lzIffnosf ?kdf ljsf; ug{ nfluPsf] xf] . h;sf] nflu sl/a Ps s/f] 8 ?k} of“ ljlgof] hg ul/Psf] ;Nofg kb] z;ef …sÚ sf ;f+;b u'nfjh+u zfxn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . cfOtjf/ lqe'jg hg gd'gf dfWolds ljBfnosf] kf+u0fdf cfof] lht :jfut tyf z} lIfs e] 63f6 sfo{qmddf af] Nb} pxf“n] o:tf] atfpg'ePsf] xf] . …kfljlws wf/df k7gkf7g ul//x] sf] o; ljBfnonfO{ ax'kfljlws lzIffnosf ?kdf ljsf; ug{ nfluPsf] 5, o;sf] nflu kb] z ;/sf/n] ef} lts ;+/ rgf lgdf{0f ug{ Ps s/f] 8 ljlgof] hg u/] sf]

5, l56\6} ef} lts k""jf{wf/ lgdf{0fsf] sfd z'? x'G5Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] . pxf“n] lhNnfdf kfljlws wf/sf] k9fO x'g] ljBfno gx'“bf ljutdf ljBfnox? zx/ hfg] u/] sf] :d/0f ub} { casf lbgdf Tof] ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg x'g] atfpg'eof] . kb] z;ef ;b:o zfxn] z} lIfs If] qdf nufgL geP;Dd u'0f:t/Lo lzIff kbfg ug{ g;lsg] atfpg'eof] . o;sf nflu ;/f] sf/jfnf lgsfox?;“u kxn ug'{kg] {df hf] 8 lbg'eof] . pxf“n] lzIfs, ljBfyL{, cleefjs / ;/f] sf/jfnf lgsfox?sf aLrdf ;dGjofTds tl/sfn] cufl8 a9\g ;s] z} lIfs u'0f:t/ ;'wf/df ;d:of gePsf] atfpg'eof] . ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf gj/fh zdf{sf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf g] kfn sDo"lgi6 kf6L{ -g] skf_ sf lhNnf ;b:o cf] haxfb'/ a'9fyf] sL, ljBfnosf kwfgfWofks dfwjljqmd lh;Lnufotn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . ;xfos kwfgfWofks dw';'bg zdf{sf] :jfut dGtAoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng lzIfs ?ks zfxn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

ndxL gu/kflnsf sfof{no bfªsf] gS;f kf;;DjGwL ;"rgf † bfª ndxL g=kf= # a:g] dfof kf]v]nsf] gfddf btf{ >]:tf ePsf] ;fljs ;f]gk'/ % kmNsfk'/ xfn # 6f]n kmNsfk'/ l:yt ls=g+= %s -!$!_ sf] h=la= )–&–@ ju{ ld= ePsf] hUufdf 3/ lgdf{0f ug{sf] nflu gS;fkf; Ohfhtkq kfpF egL ldlt @)&^.)&.!& ut]sf lbg :ynut ;/hldg ubf{ k"j{tkm{sf ;lwof/ af6f], klZrdtkm{sf ;lwof/ s[i0f k;fb vgfn, pQ/ tkm{sf ;lwof/ zfGt/fh kf]v]n, blIf0ftkm{sf ;lwof/ dx]Gb /fhdfu{ pkl:yt u/fpg g;s]sf] sf/0fn] ubf{ lkmN8df cg'kl:yt x'g' ePsf] x'Fbf gS;fkf; sfo{ /f]lsPsf] 5 . olb sf]xL s;}sf] bfaL lj/f]w eP of] ;"rgf ksflzt ePsf] ldltn] !% -kGw_ lbgleq cfk\mgf] ;a't kdf0f;lxt o; sfof{nodf lnlvt lgj]bg lbg'xf]nf . cGoyf lgodfg';f/ lghsf gfddf 3/ gS;fkf; eO hfg] x'Fbf ;DalGwt ;a}sf] hfgsf/Lsf] nflu of] ;"rgf ksflzt ul/Psf] 5 .

lagf ck/]zg aaf;L/ c:ktfn

dx]zL, kfON; -Pails_, gf;"/ (Fistulla_ aaf;L/, euGb/, xfO8«f];Ln, lkm;/, dnåf/df df;' knfPsf], lb;f ubf{ /ut b]lvPsf] /f]usf] ljgfck/]zg cf} iflwåf/f !))Ü Uof/]G6Lsf ;fy pkrf/ ul/G5 .

+ 8f=kL= d08n +

7]ufgf M s[i0fgu/ af]8{/ ef/tLo eG;f/ ljefub]lv cufl8 df]8sf] 5]pFdf -/fh' zfxLsf] ;6/_ a9gL ;Dks{ M (*!!(*$@&)÷(*^#^%*#)) gf]6 M /f]u lgsf] geP k} ;f lkmtf{ .

/ht yfkf, cfzLif /fO{, pHjn ;'gf/, /d] z kf] v] n -gfd kl/jt{g_ n] zlgjf/ ;fd"lxs hGd lbg dgfPsf 5g\ . sf] xL klxnf] jif{ t s;} n] cf7f} + hGd lbg dgfPsf 5g\ . pHHjnsf] t] ;f] hGd lbg lyof] . tLg dlxgf pkrf/ s] Gbdf a;] kl5 nfu' cf} iflw vfgf 5f] 8] sf pgL clxn] nfu" cf} ifwlj?4sf] cleoGtf klg x'g\ . pgn] !$ jif{sf] pd] / b] lv nfu"cf} ifw vfPsf lyP . nuftf/ ;ft jif{ vfP . pgn] jf:tljs hGd lbg kl/jf/;“u dlGb/ uP/ dgfp“5g\ . k'gh{Gdsf] hGd lbg a[xt?kdf dgfpg] u/] sf 5g\ . @^ jif{sf /htn] kf“rf+} hGd lbg dgfP . vf;df pgL c;f/ @) ut] hlGdPsf x'g\ . cf7 jif{ nfu"cf} ifwdf e'n] sf pgnfO{ jf:tljs eGbf of] k'gh{Gdsf] hGd lbg Kof/f] nfU5 . alb{ofsf /d] zn] 5} 7f} + hGd lbg dgfP . ;fpg #! ut] hlGdPsf pgnfO{ !% jif{sf] c“Wof/f] hLjg kf/ u/] sfn] k'gh{Gdsf] hGd lbg /fdf] nfU5 . lzIf0f k] zfdf /x] sfn] pgn] jf:tljs gfd geGg cfux ub} { tLg dlxgf ;'wf/ u[xdf a;] / uO;s] sf] !( cf} + lbgdf nfu' cf} iflw vfPkl5 pgL km] l/ ;'wf/ u[xdf cfP/ tLg dlxgf a;] sf lyP . cle/fh If] qL t g] kfnu~hsf nfu"cf} ifwlj/f] wL rlr{t cleoGtf g} x'g\ . k'gh{Gdsf] cf7f} + hGd lbg dgfPsf pgn] ;xf/f ;'wf/ u[x ;~rfng ul//x] sf 5g\ . nfu"cf} ifwlj?4df x'g] h'g;'s} sfo{qmddf pgsf] pkl:ylt clgjfo{h:t} /x] sf] 5 . oBlk, nfu"cf} ifwsf] bnbndf km:bfsf] pgsf] hLjg sxfnLnfUbf] /x] sf] lyof] .

k]; ;+u7g bfªdf Pstf, #( ;b:oLo lhNnf ;ldlt o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf 3f] / fxL, !% d+l;/ . k] ; ;+u7g bfªsf] Pstf klqmof 6'+uf] df k'u] sf] 5 . cfOtjf/ a;] sf] k] ; ;+u7g bfªsf] sfo{bn a} 7sn] b'a} k"j{36sx?nfO{{ ldnfP/ Pstf 6'+ufPsf] xf] . h;cg';f/ k] ; ;+u7g bfªsf] sfo{;ldlt #( ;b:oLo ag] sf] 5 . ;+u7gdf k"j{ k] ;rf} tf/Laf6 @! / k"j{ k] ; ;+u7gaf6 !* u/L #( ;b:oLo sfo{;ldlt ag] sf] xf] . k] ; ;+u7gsf] ;+of] hsdf ksfz rf} w/L / ;x;+of] hsdf h] Pg ;fu/ /xg'ePsf] 5 . ;+u7gsf] sfo{;ldltdf kf08j zdf{, k] daxfb'/ /fDhf, OGbljjz l8;L, ;Gtf] if clwsf/L, lbjfs/ kf] v] n, bz/y l3ld/] , hgs g] kfnL, s] z/dfg lj;L, ;'wf;'dg 9sfn, gjLg clenfifL, hLjg g] kfnL, bfdf] b/ a:g] t …/fs] zÚ, pbo lj;L, o'u/fh

kf] v] n, bLks af] xf] / f, lul//fh g] kfnL, /fh] z rf} w/L, zfGt a'9f du/, lzj/fh kGyL, /df kf] v] n, a;Gt kl/of/, gu] Gb rf} w/L, afns[i0f kf08] , lbKtLlzvf rf} w/L, dfwj s“8] n, lzj 3tL{, ls/0f uf} td, ;Gtf] if 8f“uL, cfefif a'9fyf] sL, ljsfz 8f“uL, efujt e6\6/fO{, ;ljtf ;'gf/, cd[tf e';fn, lzj' vgfn, ;'dg s] ;L, nId0f ljZjsdf{ / z} n] z clwsf/L /xg'ePsf] 5 . ;+u7gsf ;+of] hs ksfz rf} w/Lsf] cWoIftfdf a;] sf] a} 7sdf af] Nb} kd'v cltly ;+u7gsf kb] z ;+of] hs ;ljg lkof;gn] ;+u7gnfO{ efjgfTds?kdf Pstf agfpg] u/L sfd ug{ lgb] {zg lbg'eof] . ljlzi6 cltly s] GbLo ;b:o l6sf a:g] tn] k] ; ;+u7gnfO{ bfªdf gof“ prfOsf ;fy Ps eP/ sfd ug{ cfux ug'{eof] .

3f]/fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf sfof{no bfªsf] gS;f kf;;DjGwL ;"rgf † 3f]/fxL pk–dxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !^ a:g] kfj{tL g]kfnLn] d]/f] gfddf btf{ >]:tf ePsf] ;fljs /fjtufpF *s -xfn 3f]/fxL pk–dxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !^_ ls=g+= #&#@ / #&)^ a=ld= (#=)) hUufdf 3/ clen]v u/L kfpF egL ldlt @)&^.)@.@) df gS;f;lxt lgj]bg k]z ug'{ePsf] 5 . ;f] cg';f/ 3/sf] clen]v Ohfht pknAw u/fpg cfjZos klqmof k"/f u/L ldlt @)&^.)*.)( ut]sf lbg j8f g+= !^ af6 :ynut ;/hldg ubf{ k"j{tkm{sf] ;lwof/ lvd axfb'/ jnL, klZrdtkm{sf] ;lwof/ lbn axfb'/ a:g]t / pQ/ tkm{sf ;lwof/ 8Da/ a:g]t km]nf gk/]sf] sf/0f gS;fkf; sfo{ /f]lsg uPsf] 5 . olb sf]xL s;}sf] bfaL lj/f] w eP of] ;"rgf ksflzt ePsf] ldltn] !% -kGw_ lbgleq cfk\mgf] ;a't kdf0f;lxt o; sfof{nodf lnlvt lgj]bg lbg'xf] nf . cGoyf lgodfg';f/ lghsf gfddf 3/ gS;fkf; eO hfg] x'Fbf ;DalGwt ;a}sf] hfgsf/Lsf] nflu of] ;"rgf ksflzt ul/Psf] 5 .

3f]/fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf sfof{no bfªsf] gS;f kf;;DjGwL ;"rgf † bfª x]s'nL uf=lj=;= j8f g+= $ a:g] pa{zf nfld5fg]n] d]/f] gfddf btf{ >]:tf ePsf] ;fljs 3f]/fxL *v -xfn 3f]/fxL pk–dxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !%_ ls=g+= %$)!, %$)# a=ld= !&@=)) hUufdf 3/ gS;fkf; u/L kfpF egL ldlt @)&^.)&.)% df gS;f;lxt lgj]bg k]z ug'{ePsf] 5 . ;f] cg';f/ 3/sf] gS;fkf; Ohfht pknAw u/fpg cfjZos klqmof k"/f u/L ldlt @)&^.)*.!% ut]sf lbg :ynut ;/hldg ubf{ k"j{tkm{sf] ;lwof/ 808L/fd la=s=,rGb kf}8]n, ?kfb]jL rfkfufO / nfnk'/f vqLnfO{ vf]htnf; ubf{ km] nf gk/]sf] sf/0f gS;fkf; sfo{ /f]lsg uPsf] 5 . olb sf]xL s;}sf] bfaL lj/f] w eP of] ;"rgf ksflzt ePsf] ldltn] !% -kGw_ lbgleq cfk\mgf] ;a't kdf0f;lxt o; sfof{nodf lnlvt lgj]bg lbg'xf]nf . cGoyf lgodfg';f/ lghsf gfddf 3/ gS;fkf; eO hfg] x'Fbf ;DalGwt ;a}sf] hfgsf/Lsf] nflu of] ;"rgf ksflzt ul/Psf] 5 .


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(Dec 2, 2019)

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h;n] cfdfaf6 ;Lk l;s] === q bz/y l3ld/] b] pv'/ L, !% d+l;/ . ndxL gu/kflnsf j8f g+= & lgjf;L ;'/ ] z k'g du/sf] k"j{–klZrd /fhdfu{;“u ;6] sf] lrof k;n 5 . x/] s lbg pxf“ lr;f k;ndf x'g'x'G5 . lrof ksfp“bf ar] sf] ;dodf ;d] t pxf“ sfd ug{'x'G5 . lrof ksfp“b} ug'{ePsf ;'/ ] zsf] xftdf pgsf] 8Nnf] 5 . Tof] pgaf6 pxf“n] hf8f] sf] nflu unaGbL a'Gb} x'g'x'G5 . (–!) jif{sf] pd] / 5“bf ;'/ ] zn] cfdfaf6 of] sfd l;Sg' ePsf] xf] . …d :s'n hfGy] + . 3/df cfdfn] ;w} + pgaf6 ;'O6/ agfpg' x'GYof] . Tof] b] v] / d} n] klg agfpg yfn] +Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …;fg} df b] v] / l;s] sf] ;Lk clxn] klg ub} {5' .Ú pxf“n] 3/df afvf;d] t kfNg' ePsf] 5 . afvf Ujfnf hf“bf xf] ;\, lrof k;ndf /x“bf vfnL ;dodf pxf“sf] xft vfnL x“'b} g . of] sfd hfg] sf ;'/ ] znfO{ clxn] c8{/ cfpg] u/] sf] 5 . …ahf/af6 unaGbL, ;'O6/ agfpg] c8{/ cfp“5 . ToxL cg';f/ agfpg] u5{'Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …clxn] unaGbLsf] dfu a9] sf] 5 . ldl;gn] a'g] sf] eGbf xftn] a'g] sf] unaGbL alnof] x'g] ePkl5 ;a} xftn] a'g] sf] vf] H5g\ .Ú dlxnfn] pmgsf] wfuf] af6 sk8f a'g] sf] b] v] sf w] / } n] ;'/ ] znfO{ kZg u5{g\ . …dlxnfn] ug] { sfd lsg u5f} { <

t/ ;'/ ] zsf] Pp6} hjfkm 5 sfd klg dlxnfn] ug] {, k'?ifn] dfq} ug] { eGg] 5 / < hfg] sf] ;a} sfd ug{ kfOof] lg .Ú clxn] o:tf kZg ;f] Wg] sf] ;+Vof sd 5 . a? pxf“sf] ;'O6/, unaGbL agfpg] c8{/ a9L cfpg] u/] sf] 5 . pxf“n] x/] s jif{ cfkm"n] a'g] sf] 6f] kL ufp“sf cfdf–a'jf– xh'/ cfdf–xh'/ a'jfnfO{ af“8\g] ug{'x'G5 . …of] hf8f] df Gofgf] ;a} nfO{ rflxG5 . d} n] agfPsf] tftf] 6f] kLx? Ho] i7 gful/snfO{ pkxf/ lbg] u5{'Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …v'zL eP/ cfzLjf{b lbg'x'G5 .Ú ufp“df dfq} xf] Og pxf“n] cfkm\gf

3f]/fxL===

kd'v===

3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !^ ;/f{df /x] sf] ;Dks{ sfof{noaf6 z'? ePsf] ljho ¥ofnLn] 3f] / fxL ahf/ kl/qmdf ub{} 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !% lakLrf] sdf /x] sf] jLkL sf] O/fnfsf] zflnsdf k'ikdfnf ck{0f ul/Psf] lyof] . j8fWoIfdf lgjf{lrt tf/faxfb'/ 8f“uLn] lakL sf] O/fnfsf] k"0f{sbsf] zflnsdf dfNofk{0f u'g{ePsf] xf] . Zfflnsdf dfNofk{0fkl5 ¥ofnL g] kfnL sf+u] ; kf6L{ sfof{nodf k'u] sf] lyof] .

kfKt ug'{ePsf] lyof] . pxf“n] aaO{ ufp“kflnsfaf6 b'O{ xhf/ Ps ;o %$ dt / t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf rf/ j8faf6 ;ft ;o !& dtn] cutf lng'ePsf] lyof] . w/fg gu/kflnsfdf of] ;dfrf/ tof/ kfbf{;Dd sf+u] ;n] em08} kf“r ;o dtn] cutf lnPsf] lyof] . of] o;cl3 g] skfn] lht] sf] kb xf] . ;+v'jf;efsf] dsfn' ufp“kflnsfsf] cWoIfdf g] skfsf t] haxfb'/ kf] v/] n ljhoL x'g'ePsf]

ljZj========

a] / f] huf/Lsf] ;d:of xn u/L :jb] zd} /f] huf/Lsf] ;'lglZrttf ug{, dlxnf ;zlQms/0f, ax; k} / jL, ;fd'bflos ;xeflutf cflb sfo{qmdx? Dffkm{t klg ckToIf?kdf PrcfOeL ;+qmd0f nfO{ sd ug{ ;lsG5 . ;+qmldtnfO{ ;a} sf] ;xof] u, ;b\efj, dfof ddtf / k'g:yfkgf, hLjgf] kof] uL ;Lkx? l;sfpg] h:tf lqmofsnfkx? klg ;~rfng ug{'k5{ . PrcfO{eL ;+qmldt;“u ;“u} a:b} df, vf“b} df, Pp6} rkL{ kof] u ub} {df, sk8f kof] u ub} {df, r'Dag Pj++ c+sdfn ub} {df, lj/fdLsf] :ofxf/ ;';f/ ubf{, nfd'v§] n] 6f] s] / of] /f] u ;b} {g eGg] tYonfO{ Jofks?kdf krf/ k;f/ ug{'k5{ . ljZjJofkL /f] usf] ef/ kltj] bg -@)!&_ sf] cg';f/ pd] / gk'Ub} x'g] d[To'sf] kd'v sf/0fx?dWo] cf7f} + gDj/df clxn] of] /f] u g} /x] sf] 5 . h'g !(() df !( cf} + :yfgdf lyof] . c;Ifdtfk"j{s af“r] sf] hLjg jif{df lnË / pd] / b'a} sf] ;du u0fgfdf klxnf] gDa/df klg of] /f] u g} /x] sf] kl/k] Ifdf of] /f] usf af/] df Jofks?kdf hgr] tgf km} nfpg' h?/L 5 . ;+qmldtsf] plrt?kn] vf] hL ug{, Pcf/6L lbg] , k'g:yfkg ug{] , lgoldt :jf:Yo k/LIf0f ug{ h?/L 5 . ;fy} /fHo, ;d'bfo kl/jf/, JolQm ljleGg ;+3;+u7gx?, ;/f] sf/jfnfnfO{ ;a} n] xft] dfnf] ub} { ;a} sf] kof;df of] /f] unfO{ sdzM cGTo ug{'k5{ .

P8\;sf] cj:yfnfO{ k"0f{?kdf lgsf] kfg{ / PrcfOeLnfO{ dfg{ ;Sg] s'g} klg cf} iflw tyf /f] syfd ug{ s'g} lsl;dsf] vf] ksf] ljsf; x'g ;s] sf] 5} g . pknAw ePsf] Pcf/6L -P06L /] 6«f] efO/n y] / fkL_ n] z/L/df PrcfOeLsf] ;+VofnfO{ lgoGq0fdf /fvL /f] u klt/f] wfTds zlQmnfO{ ;fdfGo /fVg] / P8\;sf] cj:yfdf k'Ug af6 s] xL xb;Dd arfpg] sfd u5{ . lrlsT;ssf] ;Nnfxcg';f/ s'g cj:yfdf cf} iflw z'? ug{ ;lsG5, cfkm\ gf] z/L/df efO/;sf] dfqf s] slt 5 < /f] u klt/f] wfTds sf] ifsx?sf] ;+Vof slt 5 egL kQf nufO cf} iflw ;] jg ug{'k5{ . o;sf] ;+qmd0faf6 aRg] s] xL pkfox? M l ;'/ lIft of} g Jojxf/ dfq ckgfpg] ug{'kb{5 . l ;w} ;xL / pko'Qm ljlwaf6 s08dsf] kof] u u/L of} g;Dks{ ug] { . l ;'O{ tyf 5fnf 5] 8\g] cf} hf/ gof“ dfq kof] u ug] { jf lgd{nLs/0f u/] / kof] u ug] ] { . l ;Dej eP;Dd PrcfOeL ;+qmldt dlxnf ue{jtL gx'g] . l of} g /f] usf] nIf0f b] vfk/] df t'?Gt pkrf/ ug{] . l c+u kTof/f] k0f ubf{ jf /ut lnbf ;+qmd0f eP gePsf] lglZrt u/] / dfq ug] { . l ul/aL, clzIff, n} lËs lje] b, of} g lx+;fsf] cGTo ug] {, of} g tyf khgg clwsf/nfO{ ;'/ lIft ug] {,

;fb/ lgdGq0ff hGd M @)!).)!.!%

d[To' M @)&^.)*.!#

d]/L >LdtL, xfdL cfdf, ;f;'cfdf cfOtL s“j/sf] oxL @)&^ d+;L/ !# ut]sf lbg ^% jif{sf] pd]/df c;fdlos lgwg ePsf] x'Fbf ;x uf]qdf d+;L/ & ut]sf lbg ePsf] c;fdlos lgwgn] k/]sf] h'7f] ;lxt vflkbf !# cf}+ lbgsf] z'4zflGt sfo{qmd oxL @)&^ d+;L/ !( ut]sf lbg x'g] ePsfn] pQm sfo{qmddf pkl:yt e} lbgsf nfuL ;Dk"0f{ dnfdL, Oi6ldq cfkmGthgx?df ;fb/ lgdGq0ff ub{5f}+ .

klt M bnaxfb'/ s“j/ 5f]/f÷a'xf/Lx? M nfn a= s“j/÷efjgf s“j/ e'k]Gb s“j/÷e'df s“j/ ljj]s s“j/÷lzjf s“j/ Pj+ ;d:t s“j/ kl/jf/ zflGtgu/ uf=kf=–% sflzk'/, bfª

6f9f a:g] cfkmGtnfO{ pkxf/sf] ?kdf cfkm} n] a'g] sf] sk8f k7fpg] ug{'x'G5 . …c?sf] v'zL g} d] / f] v'zL xf] Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …cfkm"n] hfg] sf] s'/ f c?nfO{ af“8\bf v'zL nfU5 .Ú ahf/af6 cfpg] c8{/ sf] dfq} pxf“ k} ;f lng'x'G5 . unaGbL cf7 ;ob] lv gf} ;Dd k5{ . o;df pmg lbg' kb} {g . ;'O6/sf] xsdf Pp6f a'g] sf] Hofnf !* ;o ?k} of“ lng'x'G5 . unaGbL tLg lbgdf tof/ kfg'{x'G5 eg] ;'O6/ Ps xKtf;do nfU5 . pxf“sf] rf/ hgfsf] kl/jf/ 5 . pxf“sf] sfd b] v] / ;a} v'zL 5g\ .

5 . of] kflnsf o;cl3 g] skfn] g} lht] sf] lyof] . dxf] Q/Ldf eg] g] skfn] Pp6f ufp“kflnsf cWoIf yk] sf] 5 . /fli6«o hgtf kf6L{n] ut lgjf{rgdf ljho xft kf/] sf] dxf] Q/Lsf] lkk/f ufp“kflnsf cWoIfdf g] skfsf ljqmd rf} w/L ljhoL x'g'ePsf] 5 . of] kflnsfdf lgs6td klt:kwL{ ;dfhjfbL ag] sf] 5 eg] o;cl3 lht] sf] /fhkf t] ;f] :yfgdf em/] sf] 5 . To:t} o;cl3 sf+u] ;n] lht] sf] kf“ry/sf] kmfNu'gGb ufp“kflnsfsf] cWoIfdf o;k6s g] skfn] cutf NofPsf] 5 . o;;cl3 sf+u] ;n] lht] sf] x'Dnfsf] vfk{'gfy ufp“kflnsfsf] pkfWoIf g] skfn] lht] sf]

5 . g] skfsL ?kf zfxL ^( dtsf ;fy lahoL x'g'ePsf] 5 . To:t} $# j8fdf ePsf] lgjf{rgdf @% j8fdf g] skf ljhoL ePsf] 5 eg] !! j8fdf sf+u] ; ljhoL ePsf] 5 . o;cl3 tTsfnLg Pdfn] @! / dfcf] jfbL s] Gb @ u/L g] skfn] lht] sf @# :yfgdf o;k6s b'O{ j8f cWoIf yk u/] / g] skfn] @% j8f cWoIf lht] sf] xf] . To:t} ;dfhjfbLn] # / /fhkfn] b'O{ j8fWoIf lht] sf] 5 . g] skfn] o;cl3 lht] sf] ^ j6f j8f u'dfP/ cf7j6f j8f yk] sf] 5 eg] sf+u] ;n] cf7 7fp“ u'dfP/ ;ft j6f j8f lht] sf] 5 .

;dfrf/

;lxb / ljkGg kl/jf/nfO{ h:tfkftf / ;f]nf/ ljt/0f

dxfo1df @^ nfv a9L /sd ;+sng

xf] n] / L, !% d+l;/ -o';_– ?G6Lu9L cfOtjf/ ufp“kflnsfn] Ps sfo{qmd cfof] hgf u/L ufp“kflnsfleqsf ljkGg tyf ;lxb kl/jf/nfO{ h:tfkftf tyf ;f] nf/ ljt/0f u/] sf] 5 . ut cfjdf :jLs[t sfo{qmd cGtu{t ufp“kflnsfaf6 v/Lb ePsf] h:tfkftf (^ 3/kl/jf/nfO{, /f] NKff ;d[4 kmfpG8] ;gaf6 cg'bfgdf kfKt ePsf] h:tfkftf ;lxb kl/jf/sf !) 3/ kl/jf/nfO{ / ;f] nf/ ;] 6 $% 3/ kl/jf/nfO{ ljt/0f ul/Psf] 5 . ufp“kflnsfsf] kfË0fdf cf} krfl/s sfo{qmd cfof] hgf u/L ljt/0f ul/Psf] xf] . ufp“kflnsfsf cWoIf afnf/fd a'9f du/sf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf pkfWoIf 5dfof k'g, kd'v kzf;sLo clws[t lr/~hLjL hLPd, sfo{kflnsf kjQmf hut 3tL{ du/nufotn] dGtJo JoQm ug'{ePsf] lyof] . gf} j6} j8fsf blnt tyf dlxnfnfO{ kltlglwd"ns t/Lsfn] cWoIfn] h:tfkftf / ;f] nf/ ;] 6 x:tfGt/0f ug'{ePsf] lyof] . kflnsfsf ko{6g kmf] snk;{g bLks 8f“uLsf] ;~rfngdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf af] Nb} cWoIf a'9fn] ;/sf/sf] ;d[4 g] kfn ;'vL g] kfnLsf] cleofgnfO{ Jojxf/df nfu' ug{ / ufp“Kfflnsfleqsf ljkGg tyf ;lxb kl/jf/sf ;b:ox?sf] hLjgofkg ;xh ug{ cfkm" / cfkm\gf] l6d nflu k/] sf] atfpg'eof] . klxnf] r/0fdf h:tfkftf / ;f] nf/ kfpgaf6 al~rt ePsfx?sf nflu o; jif{sf] sfo{qmaf6 h:tfkftf / ;f] nf ljt/0f ug] { atfpg'eof] .

o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf

kb]z ;/sf/

pBf]u, ko{6g, jg tyf jftfj/0f dGqfno jg tyf jftfj/0f lgb]{zgfno

l8lehg jg sfof{no, ;Nofg s0ff{nL kb]z

/fzg cfk'lt{ ;DaGwL lznjGbL af]nkq cfx\jfgsf] ;"rgf † ;"rgf ksflzt ldlt M @)&^.*.!^ o; sfof{no tyf cGtu{t /x] sf ;j l8lehg sfof{nox?df sfo{/ t /x] sf ;xfos jg clws[t, hnfwf/ Joj:ykg clws[t, n] vf ;xfos÷clws[t, ;xfos÷clws[t -kzf;g_, e"–;+/ If0f ;xfos÷clws[t, /] Gh/÷clws[t, jg /Ifs, sfof{no ;xof] uL / x=;= rfns u/L hDdf $% hgf sd{rf/Lx?nfO{ -kl5 yk36 x'g ;Sg] _ ldlt @)&^ df3 ! b] lv @)&& kf} if d;fGt;Dd ! jif{sf] nflu /fzg cfk"lt{ ug'{kg] { ePsf] n] OR5's kmd{, sDkgL jf ;+3 ;+: yfx?n] lgDg zt{x?sf] clwgdf /xL lznaGbL af] nkq k] z ug'{x'g of] ;"rgf ksflzt ul/Psf] 5 . tkl;n !_ /fzg cfk"lt{ ug{ OR5's g] kfnL gful/sn] g] kfnL gful/stfsf] kdf0f kqsf] kltlnlk, rfn' cf=j= sf] gjLs/0f ePsf] Joj;fo btf{sf] Ohfht kq -/fzg cfk"lt{ ug] { sfdsf] kdf0f geP ;f] yk u/] sf] ljj/0f ;d] t_ d'=c= s/ btf{ kdf0fkq, cf=j= @)&%÷)&^ sf] s/ r'Qmf kdf0fkq / :yfoL n] vf gDa/ btf{ kdf0fkqx?sf] kdfl0ft kltlnlk;lxt ?= !).– sf] l6s6 6fF;L of] ;"rgf ksflzt ePsf] ldltn] #) cf} + lbgsf] sfof{no ;doleq ?= #))).– kl5 lkmtf{ gx'g] u/L /fhZj lt/L lhNnf kzf;g sfof{no ;Nofg,sf] if tyf n] vf lgoGqs sfof{no ;Nofg / o; sfof{noaf6 af] nkq kmf/fd v/Lb ug{ ;lsg] 5 . @_ v/Lb ePsf] af] nkq ki6;Fu e/L af] nkqbftfn] kTo] s kfgfdf ;xL5fk u/L lznaGbL u/L vfd aflx/ kmd{sf] gfd, 7] ufgf / sfdsf] ljj/0f ki6;Fu n] vL o; sfof{nosf] gfddf ;Daf] wg u/L of] ;"rgf kyd k6s ksflzt ePsf] ldltn] #! cf}+ lbg lbpF;f] !@=)) ah] leq o; sfof{nodf btf{ u/fO{ ;Sg' kg] {5 . btf{ ePsf af] nkqx? ;f] xL lbg lbpF;f] @=)) ah] ljleGg sfof{no / af] nkqbftf jf lghsf] kltlglwsf] /f] xa/df vf] lng] 5 . t/ af] nkqbftf jf lghsf] kltlglw pkl:yt gePdf klg af] nkq vf] Ng afwf kg] ] {5} g . #_ af] nkq v/Lb bflvnf / vf] Ng] clGtd lbg ljbf kg{ uPdf ;f] sfo{ ljbfsf] nuQ} sfof{no v'n] sf] klxnf] lbg ;f] xL ;dodf x'g] 5 . $_ Dofb gf3L cfPsf] , /Lt gk'u] sf] jf zt{ /flvPsf] lznaGbL af] nkq pk/ s'g] } sf/afxL ul/g] 5} g . %_ lznaGbL af] nkq hdfgt jfkt ?= *%))).– sf] if tyf n] vf lgoGqs sfof{no ;Nofgsf] gfddf g] =a}+=ln= ;Nofgl:yt w/f} 6L vftf )&$&@))))))))@)))))! df gub hDdf u/] sf] ;Ssn} a} +s ef} r/ jf o; sfof{nosf] gfddf hf/L ul/Psf] af] nkq k] z ug] { clGtd ldltaf6 slDtdf !@) lbg;Dd dfGo cjlw ePsf] dfGotf kfKt a} +saf6 hf/L ePsf] ;Ssn} a} s hdfgL kq -Bid Bond_ k] z ug'{ kg] { 5 . ^_ af] nkqbftfn] af] nkqdf b//] 6 ebf{ d"No clea[l4 s/ afx] ssf] b//] 6 pNn] v ug'{ kg] {5 . s] / d] 6 ePsf] 7fpFdf af] nkqbftfsf] ;xL5fk ePsf] x'g'kg] {5 . &_ Pp6f kmd{sf] gfddf v/Lb ePsf] af] nkq csf] { kmd{sf] gfdaf6 bflvnf ug{ kfOg] 5} g . *_ /fzg ;DaGwL 7] Ssf :jLs[t eO;s] kl5 :jLs[t cjlwe/ vfBj:t'sf] d"No a[l4 ePdf yk a[l4 lbOg] 5} g . (_ lznaGbL af] nkq ;fy ;8\g] , uNg] afx] ssf vfB j:t'sf] gd'gf ;d] t 5'§} lznaGbL u/L k] z ug'{kg] {5 . !)_ af] nkq kmf/fd ;fy af] nkqbftfnfO{ lgb] {zg;lxtsf] zt{gfdf kq ;d] t ;+nUg /flvPsf] 5 . afFsL Joxf] / f ;f] xL zt{gfdf kqdf v'nfP cg';f/ x'g] 5 . !!_ s'g} klg sf/0f hgfO{ jf ghgfO{ ;Dk"0f{ jf cf+lzs ?kdf 7] Ssf :jLs[t ug] { jf gug] { clwsf/ o; sfof{nod ;'/ lIft /xg] 5 . !@_ af] nkq :jLs[t ePkl5 7] Ssf c+s -d'=c= s/ ;lxt_ sf] %Ü n] x'g] /sd a/fa/sf] gub a} +s bflvnf ef} r/ jf P]g adf] lhd dfGo cjlwsf] dfGotf kfKt a} +sn] hf/L u/] sf] k/km/d] G; a08 k] z ug'{kg] {5 . !#_ af] nkqbftfn] sfnf] ;"rLdf gk/] sf] :jo+ 3f] if0ff kq clgafo{ k] z ug'{ kg] {5 . !$_ ;"rgfdf pNn] v x'g 5'6 ePsf s'/ fx?sf] xsdf ;fj{hlgs vl/b P] g @)^# / ;fa{hflgs v/Lb lgodfjnL @)^$ adf] lhd x'g] 5 .

l8lehgn jg clws[t

ndxL, !% d+l;/ . /fKtL ufp“kflnsf j8f gDa/ ( b] jLsf] 6l:yt ebfIfL b] jL dlGb/sf] k"jf{wf/ tyf Eo"6fj/ lgdf{0fsf nflu >Ldb\ efujt ;Ktfx wgwfGofrn 1fgdxfo1sf] cfof] hgf ul/Psf] 5 . b] jLsf] 6 wfld{s tyf ko{6g ljsf; ;ldltn] cfof] hgf u/] sf] pQm dxfo1df g] kfnsf VofltkfKt d'Vo kjrgstf{ /fdrGb ltldlN;gf / Ps ;o cf7 efujtsf cleoGtf xl/rGb ltldlN;gfåf/f wf/faflxs kjrg sfo{qmd rln/x] sf] 5 . kjrgdf afBjfbgsf] ;d"xn] sfo{qmdnfO{ kefjsf/L agfPsf] 5 eg] sfo{qmdsf] aLr–aLrdf wfld{s gf6s tyf g[Tox? k:t't ug] { ul/Psf] 5 . cfOtjf/ dxfo1df eQmkx\nfb / g/l;+x cjtf/sf b[iox? k:t't ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf cfpg] eQmfn'x? eG5g\ lrGtfd'Qm ug{ / cfWoflTds zflGt kfKt ug{sf nflu eQmfn'x?sf] lgs} le8 nfUg] u/] sf] 5 . /fKtL ufp“kflnsfsf] ;lqmo e"ldsf

/x] sf] pQm dxfo1n] b] jLsf] 6sf] ebfIfL b] jL dlGb/sf] If] qnfO{ ko{6sLo:yn agfpg 7"nf] ;xof] u k'Ug] :yfgLo s'n/fh Gof} kfg] n] atfpg'eof] . :j:yfgL jtsyfsf] gjf} + cWofodf pNn] lvt ;ltb] jLsf] afof“ 3'“8f ktg ePsf] P] ltxfl;s tyf wfld{s If] qdf ebfIfL b] jL dlGb/sf] lgdf{0f eP klg oftfoft / ;~rf/sf] cefjdf pQm :yfg ko{6sLo :yn aGg g;s] sfn] dlGb/nfO{ ko{6sLo :ynsf] ?kdf k"0f{tf lbg wfld{s sfo{qmd cfof] hgf ul/Psf] d"n cfof] hs ;ldltsf ;+of] hs b'of] {wg kf08] n] hfgsf/L u/fpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf bz xhf/ eGbf a9L bfg ug] { bftfnfO{ uf] N8] g dvdnsf] kdf0fkq;lxt /fdgfdL / bf] ;Nnf cf] 9fO ;Ddfg ug] { /

Ps nfv eGbf a9L bfg ug] { bftfnfO ;Ddfgkq ;lxt clj/dfnf nufO afhfufhfsf ;fy l;;xlgof ahf/ kl/qmdf u/fpg] ul/Psf] cfly{s ;+of] hs rGb lh;Ln] hfgsf/L u/fpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf rf} / f;L k"hf, ljjfx, nfv aQL, e"ld bfg, cGg bfg, t'nf bfg, ataGw, at;f+u] tf, uxzflGt ;d] t ug] { Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . oxL d+l;/ !( ut] ;dfkg x'g] ePsf] n] kjrgsf] dWo ;dodf bfg ug] {x?sf] eL8 a9] sf] 5 . d+l;/ !$ ut] ;Dd @^ nfv a/fa/sf] bfg ;+sng ePsf] cfly{s ;ldltn] hgfPsf] 5 . sfo{qmddf /fKtL ufp“kflnsfsf cfWoflTds dlxnfx?sf] ;xeflutf a9L b] lvPsf] 5 eg] sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/0f wfld{s sfo{qmddf ?rL /fVg] efg' hf] zLn] ug{'ePsf] 5 .

>L j/fxIf]q ;+/If0f tyf ;Da4{g wfld{s ;ldlt 3f]/fxL pk–dxfgu/kflnsf !#, bfª

k"hf ;fduL laqmLsf] 7]Ssf ;DaGwL ;"rgf Û bf];f] k6s ;"rgf ksflzt ldlt M @)&^.)*.!$ >L a/fxIf]q ;+/If0f tyf ;Da4{g wfld{s ;ldltsf] sfo{If]q cGtu{t kg]{ >L j/fxIf]q wfld{s :yndf cfpg] tLy{ofqL tyf >4fn' eQmhgx?sf] nflu cfjZos kg]{ w"k, whf, k;fb nufotsf k"hf ;fdfg laqmL 7]Ssf Joj:yf ug{ lj=;=@)&^ ;fn kf}if ! b]lv lj=;= @)&& ;fn d+l;/ d;fGt;Dd ! jif{sf nflu uf]Ko 6]08/ a9fa9af6 lbg] / cfj]bsx?dWo] a9L c+s saf]n ug]{ $ hgfnfO{ kTo]sn] cfkm"n] saf]n u/]sf] /sd cfkm}n] a'emfpg] u/L 7]Ssf Joj:yf ug{ o; ;ldltsf] ldlt lj=;=@)&^ d+l;/ & sf] lg0f{o ePsf]df kyd k6s ksflzt ;"rgfsf] Dofbleq kof{Kt cfj]bg gk/]sf]n] k'gM ;DalGwt ;a}sf] hfgsf/Lsf] nflu & lbg Dofb yk u/L k'gM of] ;"rgf ksflzt ul/Psf] 5 . ctM ;f] 7]Ssf lng OR5's dxfg'efjx?n] ;f] 7]Ssfsf] Go'gtd c+s ?= !,%^,@**.&% cIf]/]kL Ps nfv 5kGg xhf/ b'O{ ;o c7f;L ?k}ofF krxQ/ k};fdf g36fO cfkm"n] saf]n u/]sf] c+ssf] % kltzt w/f}6L tyf lgj]bg b:t'/ ?= %).– ;d]t gub} ;+nUg /fvL l/tk"j{ssf] uf]Ko lznaGbL kmf/fd lj=;=@)&^ d+l;/ @! ut] lbgsf] 7Ls !@ ah]leq o; ;ldltdf a'emfO;Sg'x'g ;'lrt ul/Psf] 5 . zt{x? M != 6]08/ kmf/fd ;ldltsf] sfof{noaf6 ?= %)).– lt/L vl/b ug'{kg]{5 . @= Go'gtd c+s ?= !,%^,@**.&% cIf]/]kL Ps nfv 5kGg xhf/ b'O{ ;o c7f;L ?k}ofF krxQ/ k};fdf g36fO{ kmf/fd eg'{kg]{5 . Go'gtd c+seGbf sd /sd af]nsaf]n u/]sf] kmf/fd :jtM /2 x'g]5 . #= kmf/fd;fy cfkm"n] saf]n u/]sf] c+ssf] % kltzt w/f}6L / lgj]bg b:t'/ ?=%).– gub} /fVg'kg]{5 . $= af]nsaf]n c+ssf] % kltzt gub w/f}6L g/fv]sf] jf w/f}6L /sd gk'u]sf] kmf/fd :jtM /2 x'g]5 . %= kfKt 6]08/x? 6]08/bftfx?sf] /f]xa/df @)&^ d+l;/ @! ut] lbgsf] 7Ls !@M#) ah] ;ldltsf] sfof{nodf vf]lng]5 . t/ 6]08/bftfx? pkl:yt gePdf klg 6]08/ vf]Ng s'g} afwf kg]{5}g . ^= l/t gk'u]sf] / Dofb gf3L kfKt ePsf] 6]08/ :jtM /2 x'g]5 . &= kfKt 6]08/x?dWo] a9L c+s saf]n ug]{ $ hgfnfO{ qmdz ?kdf k"hf ;fduL a]rlavg ug{sf] nflu cg'dlt lbOg]5 . 7]Ssf ;b/ gePsf 6]08/bftfx?sf] w/f}6L /sd d+l;/ @! ut] g} lkmtf{ ul/g]5 . *= 7]Ssf ;b/ kfpg] JolQmn] cfkm"n] saf]n u/]sf] ;Dk"0f{ /sd d+l;/ @@ ut] lbpF;f] ! ah]leq g} ;ldltn] pknAw u/fPsf] a}+s vftfdf Psd'i6 hDdf u/L ef}r/ a'emfO;Sg'kg]{5 / 7]Ssf ;Demf}tf ;f]xL lbg ;DkGg ul/g]5 . h'g;'s} sf/0fn] pQm lbg /sd a'emfpg g;s]df w/f}6L /sd hkmt x'g]5 / ;f] 7]Ssf ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf ;ldltsf] lg0f{o adf]lhd x'g]5 . (= k"hf ;fduL cGtu{t kg]{ ;/;fdfgx? afx]s cGo k;nx? /fVg] ;DaGwdf ;ldlt;Fu k"hf ;fduL laqm]tfx?n] s'g} ljjfb ug{ kfpg] 5}gg\ . ;fy} df3L d]nfsf] d'Vo # lbg cGo laqm]tfx?n] klg k"hf ;fduL laqmL ug{ kfpg]5g\ . !)= 7]Ssf ;b/ ePsf JolQmx?n] o; ;ldltn] tf]s]sf] If]qleq dfq k"hf ;fduL a]rlavg ug{ kfOg]5 . !!= cGo Joj:yf ;Demf}tfkqdf pNn]v eP adf]lhd x'g]5 . yk hfgsf/Lsf] nflu M (*%&*$^&!%, (*^$(@*^#@

cWoIf

a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsf ufpF sfo{kflnsfsf] sfof{no sld/]rf}/, bfª, % g+= kb]z, g]kfn

s/f/ ;]jf ;DaGwL ;"rgf † kyd k6s ;"rgf ksflzt ldlt M @)&^.)*.!^ ut] lgDg cg';f/sf] kbdf o; a+unfr'nL ufpFkflnsf bfª cGtu{tsf] nflu ;]jf s/f/ lgo'lQmsf] nflu tkl;n adf]lhdsf] of]Uotf k'u]sf OR5's pDd]bjf/x?af6 of] ;"rgf ksflzt ePsf] ldltn] & lbgleq o; sfof{nodf b/vf:t k]z ug{ cfx\jfg ul/G5 . s_ kbsf] ljj/0f M qm=;= lj1fkg g+=

kb

;+Vof

;]jfsf] ks[lt

!

tYofª\s ;+sns -u0fs_

!^

;]jf s/f/

)%÷)&^÷)&&

v_ cfjZos Go'gtd z}lIfs of]Uotf M g]kfn ;/sf/af6 dfGotf kfKt lzIf0f ;+:yfaf6 slDtdf P;=Pn=;L÷P;=O=O=jf ;f] ;/x pQL0f{ u/]sf] . u_ cGo of]Uotf M != lghfdtL ;]jf P]g, @)$( cg';f/ ;/sf/L ;]jfsf] nflu ufx\o of]Uotf ePsf] x'g'kg{] . @= PG8«f]O8 df]afOn ePsf] tyf df]afOn Pk ;~rfng ;Lk ePsf] . #= cfkm";Fu ! yfg PG8«f]O8 df]afOn -s'g} klg sDkgLsf] :df6{ kmf]g_ ePsf] $= c;n g}lts cfr/0f tyf rl/q ePsf] . 3_ cfjZos sfuhft M b/vf:t kmf/d k]z ubf{ b]xfosf sfuhft ;+nUg ug'{kg{] M != JolQmut ljj/0f (BIO DATA) @= g]kfnL gful/stfsf] kdf0fkqsf] kltlnkL #= Go'gtd z}lIfs of]Uotfsf] kdf0fkqsf] kltlnkL $= PG8«f]O8 df]afOn ePsf] :j3f]if0ffkq . %= b/vf:t a'emfPsf] gubL /l;b . pNn]lvt kdf0fkqsf] kltlnkL lgj]bs :jo+n] kdfl0ft ul/ b/vf:t ;fy k]z ug'{kg{]5 . ª_ pd]/sf] xb M b/vf:t a'emfpg] clGtd ldlt;Dd !* jif{ k"/f eO{ #% jif{ ggf3]sf] . r_ s/f/ cjlw M sfof{nosf] cfjZostf cg';f/ . 5_ k/LIff s]Gb M a+unfr'nL ufpF sfo{kflnsfsf] sfof{no, sld/]rf}/, bfª . h_ 5gf}6 klqmof M cGtjftf{ . em_ b/vf:t b:t'/ M ?= $)).– `_ b/vf:t lbg] clGtd ldlt M kyd k6s ;"rgf ksflzt ePsf] ldltn] & lbgleq . 6_ tna tyf ;'ljwf M dfl;s ?= !),))).– -bzxhf/_ . 7_ b/vf:t kmf/d a'emfpg] :yfg M a+unfr'nL ufpFkflnsf ufpF sfo{kflnsf sfof{no, sld/]rf}/, bfª / cGtu{tsf * j6} j8f sfof{nox?df 8_ k/LIff ldlt M kl5 tf]lsg]5 . 9_ b/vf:t kmf/d / kf7\oqmd M b/vf:t kmf/d tyf kf7\oqmd ;DalGwt kbsf] nflu nf]s ;]jf cfof]un] tf]s]sf] 9fFrf adf]lhdsf] x'g]5 . /Lt gk'uL cfPsf] b/vf:t pk/ s'g} sf/afxL x'g] 5}g . bi6Jo M lj:t[t hfgsf/Lsf] nflu o; a+unfr'nL ufp“ sfo{kflnsf sfof{no, sld/]rf}/, bfª tyf kmf]g g+= (*%&*$%^)!,(*%&*#$!@% df ;Dks{ ug{ ;lsg]5 .

kd'v kzf;sLo clws[t


CMYK

^

@)&^ ;fn d+l;/ !^ ut] ;f]djf/ (Dec. 2, 2019)

!# cf}+ ;fusf] eJo pb\3f6g

3/ ef8fdf

OG:of]/]G;, kmfOgfG;, ;xsf/L, sG;N6]G;Lx?sf] nflu pko'Qm #*x@* lkm6sf] cufl8 k5fl8 cfNd'lgod / l;;faf6 agfOPsf] km:6 km\nf]/df xn ePsf] 3/ ef8fsf] nflu vfnL 5 . OR5's JolQmn] t'?Gt ;Dks{ /fVg'xf]nf . ;Dks{ g+=M

o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf sf7df8f} +, !% d+l;/ . !# cf} + blIf0f PlzofnL v] ns"b -;fu_ sf] cfOtjf/ eJo pb\3f6g ul/ Psf] 5 . / fi6«klt ljBfb] jL e08f/ Ln] bz/ y / +uzfnfdf eJo sfo{qmdaLr ;fusf] pb\3f6g ug'{ePsf] xf] . pb\3f6g sfo{qmddf / fi6«klt e08f/ L, v] ns"bdGqL hutaxfb'/ ljZjsdf{, / fv] ksf ;b: o ;lrj / d] z l;njfn;lxt ljleGg / fhgLlts kf6L{sf g] tf, v] nf8L tyf kqsf/ x?sf] ;xeflutf lyof] . pb\3f6g ;df/ f] xsf] klxnf] 306fdf cGt/ f{li6«o k/ Dk/ fcg';f/ b] ze/ 3'dfP/ NofOPsf] cf] nlDks 6r{af6 bLk kHjng ul/ Psf] lyof] eg] em08f] Qf] ng, zkyux0f, dfr{ kf; tyf : jfut ul/ Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf g] kfnL df} lns snf ;+: s[ltsf] kbz{gL ul/ Psf] lyof] . pb\3f6g sfo{qmddf n] h/ lad, nfOl6ª tyf 8«f] gaf6 ;d] t ljz] if k: t'lt ePsf] 5 . sfo{qmddf kf“r ;ohgfn] g] kfnL df} lns afhfx? 3GsfPsf lyP . d's'Gb zdf{sf] / rgf, ksfz u'?ªsf] ;+uLtdf cfgGb sfsL{, s'GtL df] Qmfg, OlGb/ f hf] zL / ;To/ fh cfrfo{nufotsf] ufog 6f] nLn] ;fs{ uLt ufPsf] 5 eg] clGtddf cflt;afhL;lxt pb\3f6g ;df/ f] xsf] ;dfkg ul/ Psf] lyof] . tLg ;o !& : j0f{sf nflu klt: kwf{ sf7df8f} +, kf] v/ f / hgsk'/ df x'g] !# cf} + ;fudf tLg ;o !& : j0f{, Toltg} / ht / rf/ ;o *! sf: o kbssf nflu : kwf{ x'“b} 5 . o;cl3 !((( df ePsf] cf7f} + ;fudf g] kfnn] #! kbs xft kf/ ] sf] lyof] . pQm sLlt{dfgnfO{ tf] 8\b} g] kfnn] o;k6s slDtdf %) j6f : j0f{ kbs Nofpg] nIf / fv] sf] / fli6«o v] nsb' kl/ ifb\sf ;b: o;lrj / d] zs'df/

(*$&(&^*%^

xf8hf]gL{ tyf gzf /f]u ljz]if1 ;]jf ca bLk Hof]tL xl:k6n bfª kf= ln= df

ljz]iftfx? M != EPS-KLT / sf]l/og Jofs/0fsf] clxn];Dd *@( g ljz]if cg'ej kfKt. hgf pQL0f{ agfp @= ( jif{ sf]l/ofdf a;L @)^$ b]lv ;kmn lg/Gt/ efiff l;sfp“b} cfpg'ePsf. #= /fKtL c~rns} ;a} eGbf k'/fgf] / ljZj;lgo. $= @)^$ b]lv / o; jif{ klg /fKtL c~rnd} ;a} eGbf w]/} kf; u/fpg ;kmn kdfl0ft ePsf]. %= sIff 6]i6 / ;'gfO{ k9fO{ k/LIffx? k/LIff s} jftfj/0fdf gd"gf k/LIffx? ;fy} Audio/Video k0ffnLåf/f klg cEof; u/fOg].

nfdf] ;dob]lv ljleGg ljz]if1 ;]jf lb+b} cfO/x]sf] o; bLk Hof]lt xl:k6n bfª kf= ln= df dl0fkfn d]l8sn sn]h kf]v/fdf ;]jf lbb} cfpg' ePsf jl/i7 xf8hf]gL{ tyf g;f /f]u ljz]if1 8f= lxdfGz' zfxåf/f xftv'§f efFlRrPsf], Knfi6/ ug'kg]{ z/L/ emdemdfpg], b'Vg], ;'lGgg], ufF7fu'7L l;lNsg], jfy, o'l/s Pl;8, x8\8L lvOPsf], 9f8 sDd/ b'Vg] ;d:of ePsf la/fdLx?sf] b}lgs?kdf r]shfFr tyf ck/]zg eO/x]sf] ;xif{ hfgsf/L u/fOG5 . xfdf cGo ljz]if1 ;]jfx?M F al/i7 lkmlhl;og 8f= ldgrGb clwsf/Låf/f b}lgs ?kdf :qma 6fOkm;, 8]+u', dn]l/of, 6fOkmfO8, dw'd]x, yfO/fO8, k]6, 5ftL, d'6' pRr /Qmrfk, OTofbLsf] r]shfFr tyf egf{ ;]jf . F al/i7 afn /f]u ljz]if1 8f= s[i0fxl/ ;'j]bLåf/f b}lgs ?kdf aRrfx?sf] r]shfFr tyf egf{ ;]jf . F al/i7 k;"lt tyf :qL /f]u ljz]if1 8f= cg'kdf zdf{åf/f b}lgs ?kdf k;"lt ;]jf, dlxnfx?sf] tNnf] k]6 b'Vg], 9f8 b'Vg], ;'/lIft ue{ktg, kf7]3/df df;' knfPsf], kf7]3/sf] SofG;/, dlxnfx?sf] lk;fa ;DaGwL ;d:ofnufot cGo ljleGg ;d:ofx?sf] r]shfFr tyf ck/]zg ;]jf . F al/i7 /]l8of]nf]li6 8f= cdl/z rf}w/Låf/f lel8of] PS;/]-USG_ k]6 3f6L, :tg / c08sf]if cflb ue{df /x]sf] aRrfsf] lj:t't hfFr, PS;/], USG Doppler, I.V.U. / USG ;Fu ;DalGwt cGo ;Dk"0f{ hfFr . cGo ;]jfx? l rf}lj;} 306f Pd=lj=lj=P;=8f=cl;d lnDa'¢f/f Od/h]G;L ;]jf, l OG8f]:sf]kL ;]jf, l l8nS; Sofljg ;lxtsf] eg{f ;]jf, l rf}lj;} 306f cTofw'lgsf] Nofa ;]jf, l rf}lj;} 306f kmfd]{;L ;]jf, l rf}lj;} 306f lkmlhof] y]/fkL ;]jf, l rf}lj;}306f PDa'n]G; ;]jf gf]6M kmf]gaf6 klg gfdbtf{ ug]{ ul/G5 .

efiff klzIfs M /]zd s]=;L= (*%&*#!$((

bLkHof]lt c:ktfn bfª kf=ln

sf]l/og efiffdf egf{ v'Nof] †

l;njfnn] atfpg'eof] . / fv] kn] @! v] nsf v] nf8L j} b] lzs klzIf0fdf k7fpg'sf ;fy} af“sL v] nsf ljb] zL klzIfsnfO{ : jb] zdf lemsfP/ klzIf0f u/ fPsf] lyof] . ;fudf : jLldªdf ;jf{lws #* : j0f{ kbssf nflu klt: kwf{ x'g] 5 . o;} u/ L PYn] l6S;df #^ : j0f{ kbssf nflu klt: kwf{ x'“bf p;'df @@ : j0f{sf nflu klt: kwf{ x'g] 5 . t] SjfGbf] df @(, ef/ Qf] ng, s': tL / ;'l6ªdf @)–@) : j0f{ kbssf nflu klt: kwf{ x'g] 5 . s/ ft] df !( tyf alS;ªdf !^ : j0f{ kbssf nflu le8Gt x'g] 5 . o;} u/ L h'8f] df !%, km] lG;ªdf !@ / cfr{/ Ldf !) : j0f{ kbssf nflu v] nf8Ln] klt: kwf{ ug] {5g\ . o: t} ;fOlSnªdf cf8, Aof8ldG6g, 6] an 6] lg; / 6] lg;df ;ft–;ft, 6«foyngdf kf“rj6f : j0f{, : Sjf; / uNkmdf rf/ , af: s] 6an, yL afO{ yL af: s] 6an, lqms] 6, km'6an, x\ofG8an,

sa•L, vf] vf] , elnan / lar elnandf b'O{–b'O{j6f : j0f{ kbssf nflu klt: kwf{ x'g] 5 . / fv] ksf cg';f/ v] n cjlwe/ ;ft b] zsf b'O{ xhf/ gf} ;o !) v] nf8L / ;ft ;o ^( clkml;on ;xefuL 5g\ . ;fudf g] kfnaf6 ;jf{lws kf“r ;o ($ v] nf8Ln] ;xeflutf hgfPsf 5g\ . To: t} Joj: yfks tyf klzIfs u/ L Ps ;o *^ n] klg ;xeflutf hgfpg] 5g\ . ef/ taf6 kf“r ;o #% v] nf8L / Ps ;o ^& clkml;onn] ;xeflutf hgfPsf 5g\ . a+unfb] zaf6 rf/ ;o &* v] nf8L / Ps ;o $& clkml;on, kfls: tfgaf6 tLg ;o &* v] nf8L / Ps ;o kf“r clkml;on, >Ln+sfaf6 kf“r ;o %^ v] nf8L / Ps ;o *# clkml;on, dflNbE;af6 b'O{ ;o %@ v] nf8L / ^* clkml;on u/ L hDdf #& ;o gf} hgf v] nf8L, klzIfs / Joj: yfksn] ;xeflutf hgfPsf 5g\ .

;'ky d'Nodf :jflbi6 lrs]gsf ljleGg kl/sf/x? nlnkk, n]ulk;, r]i6lk; -kmfO kl/sf/_ –klt s]=hL= ? %)).– lrs]g tGb'/L, n]ulk;, r]i6lk; -tGb'/L kl/sf/_ –klt s]=hL= ? &)).–

@)^$ ;fnb]lv lg/Gt/ !@ cf} + jif{ EPS k0ffnLaf6 efiff cWoog u/fpFb} cfpg'ePsf klzIfsaf6 o; jif{ klg efiff sIff ;~rfng x'g] s'/f hfgsf/L u/fpFb5f} +.

sIff ;~rfng ;fpg @) ut]b]lv x'g] s'/fsf] hfgsf/L u/fOG5.

o'gfO6]8 sf]l/og Nofª\Uj]h ;]G6/ kf=ln= 3f]/fxL, bfª kmf]g M )*@–%^)&&%, (*)(&%@^%# g]kfns} jl/i7 klzIfs tyf k':ts n]vsaf6

nf]s;]jf tof/Ldf egf{ v'Nof] Û zfvf clws[t, gf=;'=, vl/bf/, dlxnf ljsf; lgl/Ifs, c=x]=j=, cgdL, Nofa, :6fkm g;{, Pr=P=

t'n v8\sf– zfvf clws[t -k':ts n]vs_ sIff ;~rfng ldq l3ld/]– zfvf clws[t -k':ts n]vs_ sflt{s @% Clifs'df/ vgfn– zfvf clws[t -k':ts n]vs_ s'nrGb k/fh'nL– zfvf clws[t -k':ts n]vs_ ut]b]lv ob' g]kfn– zfvf clws[t -k':ts n]vs_

Pk]S; sDKo'6/

3f]/fxL, bfª kmf]g M )*@–%^@$(), (*%&*@)%*(

EofnL km]; xfp; tyf lrs]g sg{/

!= l;4fy{ af]l8{ªsf] k"jt{ km{sf] @$x#* xft @= zflGt;'wf af]l8{ªsf] klZrdtkm{sf] !#x%) xft #= gf/f0fk'/ 8f]qm]gfrf]sb]lv blIf0ftkm{ Knl6ªleqsf] @@x$) xft ;Dks{

(*%&*#@$!%

cfjZostf

;Dks{M hgzlQm s]Gb g]; Sofkm] xf]6]n glhs SofDk; u]6 e/tk'/ df]= (*$%!(***#, (*@@*)&*&^

z'ef/Desf] cj;/df

sfk]{6 sfk]{6

kbf{ s';L{

km]G8\; 8]sf]/ 3f]/fxL, bfª

(*$$(^#^$#

af]On/ s'v'/f, nf]sn s'v'/f, df5f / v;Lsf] km]; df;'df ljz]if ckm/ .

l;6L ld6 df6{

3f]/fxL !% sf7]sf]xn bfª ;Dks{ (*%&*%&(&%

nf]s;]jf cfof]u ljz]if tof/L sIff

t'n;Lk'/–% s nfOg s0ff{nL ljsf; a} +s ePsf] ejg 3f]/fxL zlxbu]6 glhs -cfO{ kfs{;Fu ;6]sf] 3/df ;Dks{ g+=M )*@–%@#)%), (*$&((#*!), (*)(&^*^$@

leS6f]/Lof 6\o';g ;]G6/ 3f]/fxLdf d+l;/ % ut] a]n'sf $ ah] kmf]gM (*$&**)#)@

zfvf clws[t, gf=;'=, vl/bf/, dlxnf ljsf; lgl/Ifs, sDKo'6/ ck/]6/

g]n cf6{ / Ao'6Ll;og 6«l] gªdf lgz'Ns egf{

Study & Work In

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Fuji Int'l Japanese Language Center

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