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;/sf/n] kf“r nfv ?k} of“ 5'6\ofPsf] lyof] . n'lDagL ed0f jif{s} qmddf a'4 hoGtLsf] cj;/ kf/] / kb] z ;/sf/n] n'lDagLdf %@ lkm6 cUnf] lkNn/df /fli6«o em08f agfPsf] 5 . !) nfv %) xhf/ ?k} of“ ah] 6 ljlgof] hg ul/Psf] df Tof] /sd ck'u ePsfn] cf7 nfv yk u/L ;f9] !* nfvdf cUnf] /fli6«o em08f agfOPsf] / zlgjf/ To;sf] klg pb\3f6g ul/g] 5 . n'lDjgL ed0f jif{ j} zfv a'4 k"l0f{dfsf lbg z'¿ eO{ csf] { jif{ r} t z'Sn k"l0f{dfsf lbg ;dfkg x'g] 5 . ed0f jif{sf nflu pBf] u, ko{6g, jg tyf jftfj/0f dGqfnon] rf/ s/f] 8 !( nfv ^) xhf/ ah] 6 ljlgof] hg u/] sf] 5 . kmf] 6f] kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] /fli6«o e] nf kb] z kf“rsf d'VodGqL z+s/ kf] v] nn] kqsfl/tfdf PG6L efO/; rflxb} g eGg] x? c/fhs ePsf] v'nf;f

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eftefG;f ug{ dfq} xf] Og, ;/;kmfO b] lv zf} r;Ddsf] cK7] / f] ef] Ug'' kl//x] sf] 3f] / fxL–!% lgjf;L uLtf xdfnn] atfpg''eof] . pxf“n] eGg''eof] – …of] jif{ udL{df kfgLsf] ;d:of 6nf{ eg] sf] of] jif{ lsg] / } 6fg{'kg{] eof] .Ú kfgLsf] cefjsf sf/0f h] gt] g vfgkfgsf] ;d:of 6l//x] klg ;/;kmfOsf] sfd lgs} d''l:sn kl//x] sf] pNn] v ub} { pxf“n] a9\ bf] udL{n] g'xfpg / n'uf w'g lgs} ;d:of kl//x] sf] u''gf;f] kf] Vg''eof] . pxf“n] yKg''eof] – …;w} udL{df kfgL cfp“b} g lsg < eGbf kfgL 5} g csf] { jif{ udL{df o:tf] x'Gg eGg] hjfkm cfp“5 . t/ clxn] ;Dd cfPsf] 5} g .Ú ;dodf efG;f u/L k9\g hfg''kg] { afWotf 5 t/ sltko lbg kfgLs} sf/0f klg ljBfno hfg 5''6] sf] pxf“n] atfpg''eof] . wf/fdf kfgL

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(Naya Yugbodh National Daily May. 18, 2019)

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MBBS, MS (ENT–HEAD N NECK SURGEON) TUTH, IOM

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BDS, MDS (MAXILLOFACIAL SURGEON)

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(May 18, 2019)

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sfof{Gjogdf 5g\ . t/ kl5 ag] sf gof P] gx? sfof{Gjog x'g ;s] sf 5} gg\ . ;ldltsf ;efklt b] jn] ;+ljwfgsf] cIf/ / efjgf cg';f/ ljw] os ag] sf] 5 ls 5} g Tof] x] g{ cfux ug'e { of] . ;+3Lotfs} ljifodf kZg ul/ Psf 5g\ . Tof] ljifodf clxn] xfdLn] ax; ug] { xf] Og . xfdLn] t ;+ljwfgsf] cIf/ / efjgf cg';f/ ljw] os ag] sf] 5 ls 5} g Tof] x] g] { xf] Ú ;efklt b] jn] eGg'eof] dxfef/ tdf ch'g{ n] df5fsf] cfvfnfO{ dfq} x] / ] sf lyP lg To;/ L g} ;+ljwfgsf] cIf/ / efjgf cg';f/ ljw] os 5 ls 5} g, Tof] dfq} x] g] { xf] .Ú / fli6«o;ef ;b: o kf} 8] nn] ;+3, kb] z / : yfgLo txsf] cGt/ ;DaGwnfO{ Jojl: yt ug{ ag] sf] ljw] osaf/ ] 5nkmn / ;'emfj lng] sfd eO/ x] sf] atfpg'eof] . kltlglw;ef ;b: o e';fnn] ljw] ossf af/ ] df hfgsf/ L u/ fpg'ePsf] lyof] . ;Djfbdf pkl: yt ;xefuLsf aLrdf kl/ ifb\sf] u7g / kltlglwTj, kl/ ifb\sf] sfd, st{Ao / clwsf/ , ljifout ;ldlt / sfd, st{Ao / clwsf/ , cGt/ ;DaGwsf cfwf/ x?, ;+3, kb] z / : yfgLo txn] agfpg] gLlt sfg'g, ah] 6 / sfo{qmdsf af/ ] df Wofg lbg'kg] { s'/ fx? / ljjfb ;dfwfgsf ljifox?sf ljifodf 5'§f5'§} ;d"x agfP/ 5nkmn ul/ Psf] lyof] .

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o'uaf] w ;dfrf/ bftf b] pv'/ L, # h] 7 . b] pv'/ Lsf] Ps ;fd'bflos ljBfnosf lzIfsx?n] JolQmut vfhf vr{ s6fP/ hDdf ePsf] / sdn] ljBfnodf egf{ ePsf gof ljBfyL{nfO{ kf] zfs lslglbPsf 5g\ . ndxL gu/ kflnsf j8f g+= $ df / x] sf] hgHof] lt cfwf/ e"t ljBfnodf sfo{/ t !! hgf lzIfsn] ut jif{ JolQmut vfhfjfktsf] / sd stf} 6L u/ ] / kfr xhf/ ?k} of a/ fa/ sf] ljBfno kf] zfs v/ Lb u/ ] / ljBfyL{nfO{ kbfg u/ ] sf x'g\ . ljBfnosf] laxLjf/ ;DkGg @* cf} + cleefjs lbj;sf] cj;/ df !& gof clt ul/ a tyf ljkGg ju{sf ljBfyL{nfO{ kf] zfs kbfg ul/ Psf] ljBfnosf kwfgfWofks uf] kLnfn

rf} w/ Ln] hfgsf/ L lbg'eof] . ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf ljBfyL{sf] cfsif{0f a9fpg ljBfyL{nfO{ kf] zfs kbfg ul/ Psf] xf] . ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf k] dnfn rf} w/ Lsf] cWoIftf Pj+ ndxL gu/ kflnsf j8f g+= $ sf cWoIf ;'jf; Gof} kfg] sf] kd'v cfltYotfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf j8f ;b:o sfzLgfy rf} w/ L, k;fbL rf} w/ L, b] jgf/ fo0f rf} w/ L, j8f sfof{nosf ;lrj sNkgf vgfnnufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] . kwfgfWofks uf] kLnfn rf} w/ Ln] ljBfnosf] jflif{s kltj] bg k:t't ug{'ePsf] lyof] . lzIfs wgaxfb'/ rf} w/ Lsf] :jfut dGtAoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/ 0f lzIfs s[i0ff rf} w/ Ln] ug{'ePsf] lyof] .

ls;fgnfO{ cg'bfgdf aLp pknAw u/fOg] o'uaf] w ;dfrf/ bftf b] pv'/ L, # h] 7 . ndxL gu/ kflnsf s[lif ljsf; zfvf sfof{non] gu/ If] qsf Psb] lv gf} gDa/ j8fx?df Jofj;flos v] tLkftL ub} { cfPsf ;Dk"0f{ ls;fgx?nfO{ wfg / ds} sf] aLp krf; kltzt cg'bfgdf pknAw u/ fpg] ePsf] 5 . ndxL gu/ kflnsf sfof{nosf] cfly{s jif{ )&%÷)&^ sf] aflif{s : jLs[t sfo{qmd cg';f/ ndxL gu/ kflnsf s[lif ljsf; zfvf sfof{nosf] t] ;f] rf} dfl;sdf %) kltzt cg'bfgdf jif] { wfgsf] aLp / ds} sf] aLp ljt/ 0f sfo{qmd / x] sf] ndxL gu/ kflnsf s[lif ljsf; zfvf sfof{nosf kd'v u+uf rf} w/ Ln] hfgsf/ L lbg'eof] . h; cGtu{t s[ifs, s[ifs ;d"x / ;xsf/ LnfO{ ndxL gu/ kflnsf s[lif ljsf; zfvf sfof{non] ;"rgf cfx\ jfg u/ ] sf] ldlt )&^÷!÷#) ut] b] lv ldlt )&^÷@÷% ;ft lbgleqdf ndxL gu/ kflnsf sfof{no s[lif ljsf; zfvf sfof{nodf cfjZos sfuhft;lxt dfu lgj] bg

lbg ls;fgx?nfO{ hfgsf/ L u/ fPsf] 5 . o: t} ndxL gu/ kflnsf s[lif ljsf; zfvf sfof{non] gu/ If] qsf Psb] lv gf} gDa/ j8fx?df Jofj;flos kmnkm"n v] tL ub} { cfPsf ;Dk"0f{ ls;fgx?nfO{ cfk, lnrL, sfutL, cgf/ , s] / fsf] l6: o' lj?jf ljt/ 0f ug] { sfo{qmd / x] sf] kd'v rf} w/ Ln} hfgsf/ L lbg'eof] . krf; kltzt aLp cg'bfgdf pknAw u/ fpg] ePsf] 5 . ndxL gu/ kflnsf sfof{nosf] cfly{s jif{ )&%÷)&^ sf] jflif{s : jLs[t sfo{qmdcg';f/ ndxL gu/ kflnsf s[lif ljsf; zfvfsf] t] ;f] rf} dfl;sdf jif] { kmnkm"n cfk, lnrL, sfutL, cgf/ , s] / fsf] l6: o' lj?jf ljt/ 0f sfo{qmd / x] sf] kd'v r} w/ Ln] atfpg'eof] . ;fy} cfjZos kg] { s[lif Joj;foLx?n] ndxL gu/ kflnsf s[lif ljsf; zfvf sfof{non] ldlt )&^÷!÷#) ut] ;"rgf cfx\jfg u/ ] sf] !% lbg leqdf ndxL gu/ kflnsf gu/ sfo{kflnsfsf] sfof{no s[lif ljsf; zfvfdf lgj] bg k] z ug{ ls;fgx?nfO{ cg'/ f] w ul/ Psf] rf} w/ Ln] atfpg'eof] .

;'Ts]/L Aoyf nfu]sf] tLg lbgkl5 p4f/  kl/ rGb vqL d';Lsf] 6, # h] 7 . ?s'd k"j{sf] k'yfpQ/ u+uf ufpkflnsf * hfª l/ jfªrf} / sL Ps ue{jtL o'jtLsf] x] lnsf] K6/ dfkm{t p4f/ ul/ Psf] 5 . tLg lbg cufl8b] lv ;'Ts] / L Joyf nfu] sL @) jifL{of ldngf dNnsf] laxLaf/ g] kfnL ;] gfsf] x] lnsf] K6/ n] p4f/ u/ L g] kfnu~h nu] sf] xf] . Joyf nfu] sf] nfdf] ;do;Dd klg ;'Ts] / L x'g g;s] kl5 dNnsf] cj: yf hl6n aGb} uPsf] lyof] . o; af/ ] df hfgsf/ L cfP nuQ} x] lnsf] K6/ dufP/ dNnnfO{ g] kfnu~h k7fOPsf] lgldQ kd'v lhNnf clwsf/ L >j0fs'df/ ;fxn] hfgsf/ L lbg'eof] . pxfsf cg';f/ o; af/ ] df lhNnf kzf;g sfof{nodf laxLjf/ lbp;f] !@ ah] lt/ dfq hfgsf/ L cfPsf] lyof] . hfgsf/ L cfPnuQ} o;af/ ] df u[xdGqfno / dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf Ho] i7 gful/ s dGqfnodf hfgsf/ L u/ fO{ x] lnsf] K6/ sf] dfu ul/ Psf] pxfn] atfpg'eof] . h;cg';f/ a] n'sL % ah] ;] gfsf] x] lnsf] K6/ n] ue{jtL

dNnnfO{ p4f/ u/ L g] kfnu~h nu] sf] lgldQ kd'v lhNnf clwsf/ L ;fxn] atfpg'eof] . r] tgfsf] cefjdf v] nfrL ubf{ dNnsf] Hofg hf] lvddf k/ ] sf] pxfn] atfpg'eof] . Ps xKtf cufl8 ufpkflnsfn] ;~rfng u/ ] sf] : jf: Yo lzlj/ df ue{ hfr u/ fpbf 8fS6/ n] aRrf pN6f] / x] sf] / ;dod} / fdf] : jf: Yo ;+: yfdf hfg ;'emfj lbP klg dNn kl/ jf/ n] To;nfO{ a] jf: tf u/ L hfª : jf: Yo rf} sLd} k;"lt u/ fpg vf] h] sf] pxfn] hfgsf/ L lbg'eof] . : jf: Yo rf} sLdf k;"lt ;Dej g/ x] sf] : jf: Yo rf} sLn] atfPkl5 lhNnf kzf;g sfof{nonfO{ u'xfl/ Psf] lyof] . dlxnf, afnaflnsf tyf Ho] i7 gful/ s dGqfnon] u[xdGqfno;usf] ;fem] bf/ Ldf hf] lvddf / x] sf] ue{jtL dlxnfx?sf] p4f/ ul/ / x] sf] 5. dGqfnon] / fi6«klt dlxnf pTyfg sfo{qmd cGtu{t b'u{d If] qsf Hofg hf] lvddf k/ ] sf ue{jtL tyf ;'Ts] / L dlxnfx?sf nflu xjfO{ p4f/ ;DaGwL sfo{ljlw @)&% cg';f/ pgLx?sf] p4f/ ul/ / x] sf] hgfPsf] 5 .

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sl/a !# lbg vr{ cf} ;t %$ cd] l/sL 8n/ 5 . ;g\ @)@) df @) nfv afx\o ko{6s leœofpg] ;/sf/L of] hgf 5, a;fO !$ lbg / vr{ cf} ;t ^% cd] l/sL 8n/ k'¥ofpg gofF Ps ;o uGtJosf] kj4{g ug{] ;/sf/L sfo{qmd hf/L 5 . vr{sf] cf} ;t b/ x] bf{ PlzofnL d'n'sdf g] kfn lgs} k5fl8 5, e'6fgdf b} lgs de nes tourism more generally, in clgjfo{ @)) cd] l/sL 8n/ vr{ ug{'k5{ terms which go "beyond the common perception of tourism as being limited eg] sDaf] l8of / leotgfddf kfFr ;o cd] l/sL 8n/ clgjfo{ vr{ ug{] gLltut to holiday activity only", as people "traveling to and staying in places kfjwfg 5 . ;/sf/n] ;g\ !((* df g] kfn outside their usual environment for ko{6g af] 8{sf] :yfkgf u/L g] kfn ed0f not more than one consecutive year for leisure and not less than 24 .) jif{ !((* dgfPsf] lyof] . / ;g\ !((* ko{6g eGgfn] Ps :yfgaf6 csf{] df cfof] lht klxnf] ed0f jif{df rf/ :yfgsf] cWoog cjnf] sg dgf] / ~hg nfv ^# xhf/ cf7 ;o %$ ljb] zL OToflb p2] Zo lnP/ ul/g] cfly{s kfx'gfn] g] kfn ed0f u/] sf lyP . ed0f Kofs] h;lxtsf] lqmofskfn g} xf] . jif{sf] cl3Nnf] jif{ ;g\, !((& df rf/ ko{6g zAbsf] kof] u vf;u/L !( cf} + nfv @! xhf/ cf7 ;o %^ ljb] zL ztfAbLdf ePsf] kfOP klg kfrLg kfx'gfsf] cfudg ePsf] lyof] . ;g\ ;dodf g} ko{6g x'g] u/] sf] kfOG5 . !((( df rf/ nfv (! xhf/ kfFr ;o zAbsf] pTklQsf] lx;fan] ko{6gnfO{ rf/ kfx'gfx?n] g] kfn ed0f u/] sf lyP . o;/L a'em\g ;lsG5 . -The word tourist tYof+snfO{ x] bf{ lj:tf/} ko{6g cfudg was used in 1772 and tourism in 1811. psfnf] nfu] sf] b] lvG5, t/ dGb ultdf It is formed from the word tour, which j[l4 ePsf] 5 . 5 bzsnfO{ x] bf{ of] is derived from Old English turian, from ;'wf/fTds eP klg ;Gtf] if dflgxfNg'kg{] Old French torner, from Latin tornare; cj:yf 5} g . ko{6s cfudgsf] tYof+s 'to turn on a lathe,' which is itself from /fVg] z'ef/DEf ;g\ !(^@ b] lv ePsf] Ancient Greek tornos (τόρνος); ) oL kfOG5 . ;g\ !(^@ df 5 xhf/ gf} ;o dflysf kl/efiffn] ko{6g eGgfn] rqm xf] &@ ko{6s cfudg ePsf] tYof+ssf] s'g} lglZrt af;:yfgaf6 csf{] :yfgdf Oltxf; 5 . utjif{ cyf{t ;g\ @)!& df lglZr p2] Zo /fv] / ul/g] cfly{s ed0f gf} nfv $) xhf/ b'O{ ;o !* ljb] zL g} ko{6g xf] . ko{6g zAb c+u] hL, km] ~r, kfx'gfn] ed0f u/] sf] tYof+s 5 . a;fO Nof6Lg / uLssf k'/ fgf cf} ;tdf !@=^ klt ko{6s efiff zAbaf6 ljsf; ePsf] @! cf} + ztfAbLsf] ;a} eGbf 7"nf] ;] jfd"ns pBf] u ko{6g, ljZj cy{tGqdf !! cf} ;t vr{ %$ cd] l/sL 8n/ kfOG5 . ko{6gsf] cfw'lgs kltzt x} l;ot /fV5 eg] s'n /f] huf/Ldf !) kltzt of] ubfg lbPsf] 5 . ;g\ @))) /x] sf] 5 eg] ko{6g If] qn] !) kl/efiff cg';f/ ko{6g Pp6f b] lv ;g\ @)!* sf] kj[lQ x] bf{ % ;o @% ldlnogaf6 a9] / !=^) lalnogdf k'u] sf] nfv /f] huf/L / s'n ufx:y jfb xf] , hxfF xhf/f} + b[li6sf] 0f, pTkfbgdf &=% of] ubfg 5 . ;g\ @)#) df of] a9] / !=*) lalnog k' U g] kIf] k 0f ul/Psf] 5 . wf/0ff, l;4fGt, ljrf/x?sf] /x] sf] World Travel ljZjsf] s'n ko{6s cfudgdf g] kfnsf] x} l;ot )=# kltzt /x] sf] 5 . s'n and Tourism Council ljr/0f dfq} xf] Og cfly{s ljsf;sf nflu Jojxfl/s !*% d'n'sdWo] g] kfn !@$ cf} + :yfgdf v'lDrPsf] 5 . ;do;fk] If gLlt sfo{qmd @)!& df pNn] v /x] sf] 1fgsf] kof] u ul/G5 . o;y{ of] hgfsf] cefjdf ko{6g If] qsf] of] ubfg * kltzt k'Ug ;s] s f] 5} g . !) nfvnfO{ tYof+s xf] of] . g] kfnsf] ;/n efiffdf eGbf ko{6gsf] kToIf /f] huf/L lbPsf] eP klg ko{6ssf] a;fO / vr{ cf} ;t cem} Ps ;o 8n/ k'Ug cy{tGqdf ;a} eGbf a9L pTklQ kfrLgsfndf ePsf] w] / } sl7g 5 . tYof+s cg';f/ a;fO sl/a !# lbg vr{ cf} ;t %$ cd] l/sL 8n/ 5 . of] ubfg s[lifsf] 5 . s[lifkl5 dfq} xf] Og, kfrLgsfnb] lv ;g\ @)@) df @) nfv afXo ko{6s leœofpg] ;/sf/L of] hgf 5, a;fO !$ lbg ko{6gnfO{ lng ;lsG5 . lbuf] dflg;x?n] ko{6g u/] sf] cfly{s ljsf;sf] cfwf/ kfOG5 . vf;u/L !( / vr{ cf} ;t ^% cd] l/sL 8n/ k'¥ofpg gofF Ps ;o uGtJosf] kj4{g ug{] ;/sf/L ko{6gdf ;'wf/ cfpg'sf] ztfAbLb] lv ljZjdf ko{6gsf] sfo{qmd hf/L 5 . vr{sf] cf} ;t b/ x] bf{ PlzofnL d'n'sdf g] kfn lgs} k5fl8 5, ljsNk 5} g . sfplG;nsf] ljifo lgs} jx; x'g yfn] sf] e'6fgdf b} lgs clgjfo{ @)) cd] l/sL 8n/ vr{ ug{'k5{ eg] sDaf] l8of / leotgfddf kltj] bg cg';f/ ko{6gsf] xf] . ko{6g ljzfn ljrf/ % ;o cd] l/sL 8n/ clgjfo{ vr{ ug{] gLltut kfjwfg 5 . of] ubfg &=% kltzt /x] sf] / b[li6sf] 0fx?sf] ;+ux xf] . tYof+s 5 . g] kfn ed0f jif{ o;sf bh{gf} + cfofdx?sf] @)@) df @) nfv ko{6s ljsf; ePsf] kfOG5 . Osf] 6'l/Hdb] lv Kofl;lkms If] qn] cf] u6\b} uPsf] 5 . 5 eg] a;fO !@=^ lbg /x] sf] 5 . of] leœofpg] nIo;lxt sfo{qmd ;/sf/n] 8fs{6'l/Hdsf] cjwf/0ff @! cf+} Plzof Kofl;lkmssf 6k6] g sG6«Lx?sf] kltj] bgn] g] kfnsf] cfly{s ljsf;sf ;fj{hlgs ul/;s] sf] 5 . ;g\ !(^@ ztfAbLsf] ko{6g jx;df p7\g] u/] sf ko{6s cfudgsf] cj:yf TfYofÍ nflu ko{6gsf] 7"nf] dxTj 5 eGg] ki6 b] lv ;g\ @)!* ;Ddsf] cGt/fndf 5g\ . cg';f/ rLg ^)=& ldlnog, yfONof08 a'lemG5 . ljZjdf g} ko{6g 7"nf] pBf] usf] ko{6g cfudgsf] tYof+s leGgtf b] lvP ljZj cy{tGqdf ko{6g M #%=$ ldlnog, hfkfg @*=& ldlnog, ?kdf pbfO/x] sf] a] nf g] kfndf ko{6g klg ;Gtf] ifhs 5} g . oBlk cfudgsf] kl5Nnf] kltj] bg -www. xªsª @&=( ldlnog, dn] lzof If] qsf] ljsf; ckl/xfo{ 5 . ljb] zL a9f] Q/Ldf 5 . ;g\ @))@ / ;g\ @)!% visualcapalist.com_ cg';f/ ljZjsf] @^=) ldlnog, dsfp !&=# ldlnog, d'bf cfh{gsf] ;a} eGbf 7"nf] / e/kbf{] df ko{6gsf] cfudgdf ;': t ePsf] s'n ufx:y pTkfbgdf ;a} eGbf ef/t !%=% ldlnog, l;+ufk'/ !#=( ;f] t xf] ko{6g . tYofÍn] af] n] cg';f/ b] lvG5 . ;g\, @))@ df b'O{ nfv &% 7"nf] lx:;f cd] l/sf -@$=$%_ rLg ldlnog, blIf0f sf] l/of !#=# ldlnog, s[lif kl5 ko{6g If] qsf] of] ubfg w] / } 5 . xhf/ rf/ ;o %$ / ;g\ @)!% df kfFr -!%=$%_, hfkfg -^=!%_, hd{gL O08f] g] lzof !@=^ ldlnog /x] sf] 5 . ljZjljVoft nGnL Knfg] 6n] ;fj{hlgs nfv #* xhf/ gf} ;o &) ko{6sn] -#=^*%_, o's] -@=^@%_, ef/t ->f] t jN8{ 6«fen P08 6'l/hd sfplG;n u/] sf] kltj] bg cg';f/ g] kfn ljZjsf g] kfn ed0f u/] sf] b] lvG5 . ;g\ @)!^ -#=#%_, kmfG; -#=#%_, aflhn @)!&_ g] kfnsf] cj:yf bogLo g} 5 . !) uGtJoleq kb{5 . pTs[i6 uGtJodf df /km ufO8\;n] ;fj{hlgs u/] sf] -@=^%_, O6fnL -@=$%_ / Sofg8f p;sf] tYof+s cg';f/ ;g\ @)!& df k/] klg ko{6g If] qaf6 nfe lng] Ps ;o l/kf] 6{n] g] kfnsf] ko{6g If] q ;'/ lIft -@=!%_ /x] sf] 5 . ljZjcy{tGqdf )=($ ldlnog / ;g\ @)!* df !=&# *% d'n'sddWo] g] kfn !@$ cf} + :yfgdf ePsf] ;d] t ;fj{hlgs eO;s] sf] alnof] ks8 /x] sf 6k cy{tGq ePsf ldlnog /x] sf] 5 . sl/a *) lalnog /x] sf] 5 . 5 . 5 bzs otfb] lv g] kfnsf] kd'v @! Cf+} ztfAbLsf] ;a} eGbf 7"nf] ko{6sLo :ynsf] ?kdf ;u/dfyf, d'n'sdf Plzofsf rLg / ef/t qmd;M ljb] zL d'bf cfh{g ePsf] cg'dfg ;] jfd"ns pBf] u ko{6g, ljZj cy{tGqdf n'lDagL, sf7df8f} + pkTosf, kf] v/f, bf] ;f] / 5} 7f} + :yfgdf /x] sf 5g\ . ul/Psf] 5 . !! kltzt x} l;ot /fVb5 eg] s'n lrjtg, cGgk"0f{ / hgsk'/ nfO{ ljz] if ljZjdf ko{6g pBf] usf] tLa ljsf; g] kfndf ko{6g M eO/x] sf] 5 . ;] jfdf cfwfl/t ko{6g ;g\ !(%) sf] /fhgLlts /f] huf/Ldf !) kltzt of] ubfg lbPsf] kfyldstf lbOP klg ;/sf/n] o; If] qsf] k"jf{wf/ ljsf;b] lv kj4{gsf] kl/jt{gkl5 g] kfndf of] hgfj4 ljsf; 5 . ;g\ @))) b] lv ;g\ @)!* sf] jif{ !)) ko{6sLo uGtJosf] klxrfg nflu ljsl;t cNkljsl;t d'n'sx?n] x'g yfn] sf] xf] . ;g\ !(%& b] lv !(^! kj[lQ x] bf{ kfFr ;o @% ldlnogaf6 ub} { sfof{Gjogdf nlu;s] sf] 5 . gofF 7"nf–7"nf kl/of] hgf ;~rfngdf NofPsf df klxnf] k6s k~rjifL{o of] hgf z'? a9] / !=^) lalnogdf k'u] sf] 5 . ;g\ k8S6sf] kj4{g u/L @) nfv ko{6s 5g\, h:t} ef/tn] :jb] z bz{g sfo{qmd eof] . kyd k~rjifL{o of] hgfaf6} ko{6g @)#) df of] a9] / !=*) lalnog k'Ug] a;fO / vr{ a9fpg] ;/sf/L tof/L ;~rfngdf NofPsf] 5 . ut jif{ !# ;o If] q klg ljz] if kfyldstfdf k/] sf] kIf] k0f ul/Psf] 5 . ljZjsf] s'n 5 . yk gofF uGtJosf] kj4{g x'g ;s] @^ lalnog -s/f] 8_ n] ed0f u/] sf] df kfOG5 . k~rjifL{o of] hgfkl5 g} ko{6g ko{6s cfudgdf g] kfnsf] x} l;ot )=# ko{6s a;fO / vr{ nlDag] ;/sf/L ;g\ @)!* df !$ ;o lalnogn] ed0f If] qdf sfdx? z'?jft x'g yfn] sf x'g\ . kltzt /x] sf] 5 . s'n !*% d'n'sdWo] ljZjf; 5 . ;f] xL cg';f/ ;/sf/n] klt u/] . sfplG;nsf cg';f/ ;g\ @)#) tTsfnLg pBf] u dGqfnocGtu{t ko{6g g] kfn !@$ cf} + :yfgdf v'lDrPsf] 5 . ko{6s vr{ cf} ;t ^% cd] l/sL 8n/ df Ps xhf/ cf7 ;o s/f] 8 cyf{t ljefu u7g u/L ko{6g If] qsf] ljsf;sf ;do ;fk] If gLlt sfo{qmd of] hgfsf] / a;fO cjlw cf} ;t !$ lbg k'¥ofpg] Ps ;o *) lalnogn] ug{] 5g\ o;} u/L nflu ;Defjgfsf] cWoog ug{ yflnPsf] cefjdf ko{6g If] qsf] of] ubfg * 5 . rheetubichar2010@gmail.com p;sf] cWoog cg';f/ ;g\ @)@) df xf] . ;g\ !(%( df General plan for the kltzt k'Ug ;s] sf] 5} g . !) nfvnfO{ Tweetter @rheetubichar ljZjdf Ps ;o ^) s/f] 8 dflg;x? organization of Torism of Nepal kltj] bg kToIf /f] huf/L lbPsf] eP klg ko{6ssf] President ,NEFTOJ ( Federation ed0fdf lgl:sg] 5g\ . p;sf] kIf] k0f ksflzt eof] . pQm k': ts ksfzg a;fO / vr{ cf} ;t cem} Ps ;o 8n/ cg';f/ ljZj cy{tGqsf pbLodfg zlQm kmfG;] nL cWootf Georal leabrkae n] k'Ug w] / } sl7g 5 . tYofÍ cg';f/ a;fO Of Nepalese Tourism Journalists) kl/efiff M ko{6g eGgfn] dfgjLo ;Gt'li6 kflKtsf] nflu gofF / sf} tx'n ljifox?sf] kToIf cg'e"t ug{ ul/g] cfly{s Kofs] h;lxtsf] lglZrt ed0f xf] . ko{6g s] eGg] ljleGg ljrf/ / b[li6sf] 0fx?sf] ljsf; ePsf] kfOG5 . -The World Tourism Organization

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/fi6« rLg ef/t cy{tGqdf lgs} alnof aGb} uPsf 5g\ . ;g\ @)@) df @) s/f] 8 lrlgofFx? / kfFr s/f] 8 ef/tLox? ed0fdf lgl:sb} 5g\ . kl5Nnf] r/0fdf rLg / ef/tdf wgL x'g] x?sf] ;+Vof x\ jfQ} a9] kl5 Kofs] hdf ed0f ug{] lgs} klt:kwf{ 5 . ko{6gsf] ljZj ahf/df oL b'O{ cy{tGqn] zlQmzfnL dflgg] d'n's alnof cfwf/ x'g\ . vr{ cf} ;tdf cGo b] z eGbf rLg / ef/t cufl8 /x] sf] tYof+sn] b] vfpF5 . ljZj cy{tGqdf ko{6g If] qsf] pNn] Vo of] ubfg 5 . s'n ufx:y{ pTkfbgdf !)=$ %, of] ubfg, /f] huf/L !)%, s'nufx:y{ pTkfbg a[l4 b/df $=^% /x] sf] 5 . sfplG;nsf] l/kf] 6{ cg';f/ ljZjdf ;a} eGbf a9L afx\o ko{6s kmfG;df k'Ug] u/] sf 5g\ . tYofÍ cg';f/ kmfG;df *^=( ldlnog, :k] g *!=* ldlnog, cd] l/sf &^=( ldlnog, rLg ^)=& ldlnog / O6nL %*=# ldlnog ko{6sn] ed0f u/] sf 5g\ . To;} u/L dxfb] zLo lx;fan] kl5Nnf] ;do Plzof Kofl;lkmssf dflg;x?sf] uGtJosf] tYof+s psflnb} 5 . ljZj cy{tGqdf ko{6g If] qaf6 nfe lng] dxfb] zLo cj:yf lgDgfg';f/ /x] sf] 5 . Plzof Kofl;lkmsdf @$=%, clkmsf %=%, cd] l/sf -pQ/ blIf0f_ !^=%, o'/ f] k %!=%, ldl8n O:6 $% /x] sf] tYof+s 5 . Plzof Kofl;lkmsdf ko{6s cfudgsf] kj[lQ a9\bf] 5 . kl5Nnf] ;dootf ljZj ko{6g ahf/df Plzof

u/] sf lyP . g] kfnsf] ko{6g kj4{gdf gLltut k~rjifL{o of] hgfaf6 ko{6gnfO{ kfyldstfleq /fv] sf] kfOG5 . gLltut / of] hgfa4 ljsf;sf] Oltxf; kN6fP/ x] bf{ 5 bzs eO;s] sf] eP klg ko{6g If] qn] km8\sf] dfg{ eg] ;s] sf] 5} g . ko{6g ljZjahf/df g] kfnsf] ;DefJotf clws ePsf] tYof+sx? 5n{+u eP klg ko{6g cfudg / a;fO ;Gtf] ifhs 5} g . ko{6g cfudg M ;g\ !(^@ df ^,(&@ n] g] kfn ed0f u/] sf] tYofÍdf pNn] lvt 5 eg] ;g\ ;g @)!* df !! nfv &# xhf/ &@ ko{6sn] g] kfn ed0f u/] sf] ko{6g af] 8{n] atfPsf] 5 . !=&# ldlnog afx\o ko{6s cfudgaf6 s/La *) lalnog ljb] zL d'bf cfh{g ePsf] 5 . ;g\ @)!( df ko{6s cfudg cem} psfnf] nfu] sf] 5 . ;g\ @)!( hgj/Ldf ut jif{sf] t'ngfdf s/La @% kltztn] a9] sf] 5 eg] To;} u/L km/j/Ldf #( kltztn] a9] sf] tYofÍn] b] vfpF5 . o;} u/L @)!& df gf} nfv $) xhf/ b'O{ ;o !* ko{6sn] g] kfn ed0f u/] sf 5g\ . ;/sf/L tYof+s cg';f/ ko{6ssf] a;fO ;g\ @))@ df &=(@ lbg /x] sf] 5 eg] @))@ df ;a} eGbf sd ko{6s lelqPsf] tYof+s 5 . o; jif{ b'O{ nfv &% xhf/ rf/ ;o ^* ko{6s lelqPsf lyP . ;g\ @))$ df ;a} eGbf a9L !#=%! ko{6ssf] a;fO lbg /x] sf] 5 . World Travel and Torisum council sf] ;g\ @)!& sf] kltj] bg cg';f/ kltko{6s cf} ;t vr{ %$ cd] l/sL 8n/ /x] sf]

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kof{ko{6g cGtu{t u'/ fF; uf8] {g :yfkgfsf] sfo{ z'? ul/Psf] ufpFkflnsf cWoIf afnf/fd a'9fn] atfpg'eof] . ufpFkflnsfsf] j8f g+= %, & / ( df cjl:yt h+un hf] ufpFkflnsfsf] s] Gb / ;lxbdfu{;Fu hf] l8Psf] If] qdf of] sfo{qmd ;~rfng ul/g] ufpFkflnsfn] atfPsf] 5 . klxnf] r/0fdf If] q klxrfg / ;Ldf lgwf{/ 0f, ;fOg kf] : 6 :yfkgf, ;fj{hlgs ;"rgf kf6Lx? :yfkgf, ;d'bfox?;Fusf] cGt/lqmof / ko{6sx?sf nflu kmf] 6f] d} qL :yfgx?sf] lgdf{0f tyf klxrfgsf] sfo{ ul/g] ufpFkflnsfsf kd'v kzf;sLo clws[t lr/~hLjL

klg o; xf] n] / L If] qsf] nf] slkotf lbgkltlbg a9\b} uPsf] b] lvG5 . b] zdf rn] sf] !@ jif] { hgo'4sf] z'?jft o;} :yfgaf6 ePsf] / tTsfnLg n8fs"x? a;] sf SofG6f] gd] G6 /x] sf] sf/0fn] o'4 ko{6gsf] ;Defjgf klg p:t} af] s] sf] 5 . t/fO{, kxf8 / lxdfnnfO{ hf] 8\g] u/L lgdf{0f z'? ePsf] ;lxbdfu{ hf] åGåsfndf tTsfnLg dfcf] jfbLn] vGg z'? u/] sf] lyof] pQm ;8s klg oxL If] qaf6 z'?jft ePsf] 5 . log} ko{6gsf ;DefjgfnfO{ phfu/ ug{ o; If] qdf /x] sf] ?G6Lu9L ufpFkflnsfn] ko{6g kj4{gsf nflu ljleGg cleofg tyf sfo{qmdx?

hLPdn] atfpg'eof] . bf] ;f] r/0fdf u'/ fF;sf] lj?jf pTkfbg / g;{/ L :yfkgf sfo{ ul/g] / ;j{;fwf/0fnfO{ u'/ fF;sf ?v sf6\g glbOg] nufotsf sfo{x? ul/g] ufpFkflnsf cWoIf afnf/fd a'9f du/n] atfpg'eof] . o; If] qsf] d'Vo cfsif{0f /x] sf] u'/ fF;sf] h+unnfO{ ;+/ If0f ub} { o;sf] km"naf6 h'';, jfOg tyf lrof pTkfbg;Ddsf] sfd ug{ ;lsg] ;Defjgfsf nflu sfd ul/g] cWoIf a'9fn] atfpg'eof] . o; If] qsf] ;du ko{6g ljsf;sf nflu :ju{åf/L dxfkd'sf] hGd :yfg ?G6L, tkf] e"ld

;~rfng ub} { cfPsf] 5 . s] xL ;do /fli6«o cIf/ dxf] T;j /f] Nkf @)&^ / ?G6Lu9L ljsf; ;Dd] ng @)&% ;DkGg u/] / /fli6«o?kd} rrf{df /x] sf] o; ufpFkflnsfn] o; If] qdf km'Ng] u'/ fF;sf] ;'Gb/tfnfO{ krf/k;f/ ug{ / o;sf] ;+/ If0f ug{ u'/ fF; uf8] {g cleofg ;~rfng ug{ nfu] sf] 5 . kof{ko{6gsf] kj4{gsf nflu ufpFkflnsfn] ?G6Lu9L jg ;j l8lehg sfof{no / ?G6Lu9L ;fd'bflos jg pkef] Qmf dxf;+3;Fu ldn] / ;+o'Qm ?kdf of] cleofg ;~rfng ug{ nfu] sf] xf] .

u9L, hgo'4 z'? x'Fbf cfqmd0f ePsf] xf] n] / L kx/L rf} sL / ;lxbdfu{, kfs[lts ;'Gb/ d'?Nn] n] s, lzj kfj{tL u'kmf / nfnLu'/ fF;sf] h+unnufotsf If] qx?nfO{ cfufdL jif{sf] ah] 6af6 PsLs[t?kdf ah] 6 ljlgof] hg ub} { n} hfg] / o;nfO{ :ju{åf/L tyf n'lDagL;Fu hf] 8/ Kofs] hdf ko{6g kj4{gsf] sfo{ cufl8 a9fpg] ;fy} g] kfn ed0f jif{nfO{ Kofs] hx? lgdf{0f u/] / ko{6sx?nfO{ xf] n] / L cfpg pTk] l/t ug] { sfo{ cufl8 a9fpg] cWoIf a'9fn] atfpg'eof] . CMYK


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Saturday, 18 May 2019

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kultzLn n] vs ;+3 g] kfn kb] z kfFrdf zfvf lj:tf/ ug] { qmddf xfdL sDd/ s;] / nfu] sf lyof} + . d] / f] dgdf Ps ksf/sf] c7f] 6 lyof] – kb] ze/sf ;Dk"0f{ lhNnfx?df zfvf lj:tf/ gu/L la;fpFb} gla;fpg] . o;} qmddf Ko'7fg, alb{of / ?kGb] xLsf] sfo{qmd ;DkGg eO;s] sf] lyof] . To;f] t slknj:t', ?s'd k"j{, kfNkf / bfªdf @)&% kmfu'gcl3 g} zfvf clwj] zg ;DkGg ePsf lyP . afFsL lhNnfx?df klg lgoldt ;Dks{ sfod ul//x] sf] lyPF . kb] z gDa/ kfFrsf ;a} lhNnfdf h;/L wdfwd lhNnf clwj] zg eO/x] sf lyP To;af6 g] kfndf /x] sf ;ft kb] z dWo] df xfdL ;a} eGbf cuefudf lyof} + . ;du kb] zsf afxj6} lhNnfsf ;fyLx? lgs} hf] z / hfFu/sf ;fy h'l6/xg'ePsf] lyof] . ToxL qmddf c3f{vfFrL lhNnfaf6 klg r} q !$ ut] lhNnf clwj] zg ;DkGg ug{sf nflu r} q !) ut] g} ;fyLx?n] lgDtf] lbg'eof] . ldq v] d/fh zdf{ / d} n] pxFfx?sf] lgDtf] nfO{ ;xif{ :jLsf/ u/] sf lyof} + . r} q !$ ut] sf] lhNnf clwj] zgsf nflu xfdL !# ut] laxfg bfªaf6 c3f{vfFrLsf nflu k:yfg u¥of} + . r} q !# lalt;Sbf;Dd klg laxfgsf] ;dodf tftf] a9\g ;s] sf] lyPg . k6s k6s kfgL kl//x] sfn] klg hf8f] x6\g ;s] sf] lyPg . laxfgdf p:t} hf8f] lyof] eGbf klg cfZro{ nfUg] . 3f] / fxLb] lv slknj:t'sf] uf] ?l;+u] ;Ddsf] af6f] xfdf] nflu gf} nf] lyPg . of] af6f] lgs} k6s gflk;s] sf lyof} + . c3f{vfFrLsf nflu 3f] / fxLaf6 laxfg} 5 aHg' cl3 g} lsof uf8L 5'6\bf] / x] 5 . ;+of] un] xfdLn] ToxL uf8L km] nf kfg{ ;Sof} + . xfdLnfO{ c3f{vfFrLsf] ;'kfb] p/fnLsf] af/] df lgs} rf;f] lyof] . To;} n] ;'kfb] p/fnLdf cf] ln{P/ EofP;Dd ToxfFsf] j:t'ut cj:yf cWoog cjnf] sg ug] { ljrf/ agfPsf lyof} + . To;} n] ;'kfb] p/fnL;Ddsf] dfq l6s6 lnof} + . kb] z gDa/ kfFrdf zfvf lj:tf/sf qmddf kb] z kfFrsf ;b:o v] d/fh zdf{ / d ;fy} /Xof} + . ;'kfb] p/fnL c3f{vfFrL lhNnfsf] klz4 wfld{s Pj+ ko{6sLo:yn dflgG5 . of] :yfg cjnf] sg / sfo{qmd /] s8{sf nflu To; dlGb/ ;+/ If0f ;ldltsf cWoIf lktd yfkf;Fu ;Dks{ ePsf] lyof] . ;+of] ujz pxfF lhNNff ;b/d'sfddf /xg' ePsfn] ;b:o sdn s] ;L;Fu ;Dks{ u/fOlbg'eof] . sdn s] ;L;Fu ;Dks{ u/] / ;'kfb] p/fnLsf] wfld{s Pj+ ko{6sLo dxTjsf] af/] df ;Djfb u¥of} + . ToxL qmddf s] xL eQmhgx?;Fu klg ;Djfb ul/of] . ;'kfb] p/fnL Aojl:yt tl/sfn] ;~rfng ePsf] /x] 5 . w] / }

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;do cl3b] lvsf] ;'kfb] p/fnL cjnf] sgsf] wf] sf] cfh k"/ f eof] . laxfgsf] vfgf ;'kfb] p/fnL dlGb/ glhsdf /x] sf] l3ld/] xf] 6ndf vfP/ xfdL sfo{qmd /] s8{sf nflu ;l/s ePsf lyof} + . ToxfFsf] sfo{qmd /] s8{/ df ;'/ lIft u/] / bf] ;f] uf8Laf6 lhNnf ;b/d'sfdtkm{ k:yfg u¥of} + . laxfg ( ah] uf] ?l;+u] k'u] sf lyof} . ToxfF kGw ldg] 6 dfq ?s] / xg'dfg gu/, kTy/sf] 6, sf] Gb] vf] nf, rfSnf ahf/, 7f8fcd/fO{, 7f8fbx tfn, l;tfk'/ , ;'kfvf] nf x'Fb} ;'kfb] p/fnL k'Ubf !@ alh;s] sf] lyof] . em08} Ps 306f ToxfF Aoltt u/] / xfdL lhNnf ;b/d'sfdtkm{ k:yfg u¥of} + . ;'kfb] p/fnLaf6 g/kfgL, 3'DtL, km'bjfª x'Fb} c3f{vfFrL lhNnf ;b/d'sfd ;Gwvs{l:yt zflGtau} +rfdf k'u] / !# ut] sf] ofqf ;dfKt eof] . kn] ; g] kfn kb] z kfFrsf ;b:o a'l4/fd u} / ] ;Fu tTsfn ;Dks{ eof] . pxfFn] zflGtau} +rf glhsdf /x] sf] zflGt xf] 6ndf xfdf] a;fOsf] Aoj:yf ldnfpg'eof] . pxfFn] tNsfn c3f{vfFrLsf s] xL ;fyLx?nfO{ ;Dks{ ug'{eof] . pxfFn] ;Dks{ u/] sfdWo] s] xL ;fyLx? ToxL+ pkl:yt x'g'eof] . yf] / } ;do ;fyLx?;Fu enfs';f/L ub} { lj>fd lnof} + . s] xL ;dosf] lj>fdkl5 ;fyLx?n] ahf/ 3'Dg] k:tfj ug'{eof] . xfdL klg ;fydf nfUof} + . ahf/ kl/qmdf ub} { l;4] Zj/ lzjfno dlGb/ x'Fb} hgHof] lt dfWolds ljBfno hxfF g] qnfn kf} 8] n cefuL nufotsf AolQmx?n] ;~rfng ug'{ePsf] lyof] , g] qnfn kf} 8] n cefuLn] bfªsf] dfWolds ljBfno gf/fo0fk'df dnfO{ k9fpgePsf] x'gfn] pxfFnfO{ d u'?sf] ?kdf ;Ddfg ug] { ub{5' . pxfFn] k9fPsf] ljBfno eg] kl5 xfdLnfO{ klg ljBfnoklt lgs} >4f hfu] / cfof] . k'/ fgf] ;+/ rgf ;fob clxn] 5} g xf] nf . jt{dfg cj:yfdf ljBfno cjnf] sg ug{nfos /x] 5 . ;GWofsfn eO;s] sfn] xfdL af;:yfdf lkmtf{ cfof} + . bf] ;f] lbg r} q !$ ut] sf lbg xfdf] vf; sfo{sf] dxTjsf] lbg lyof] . laxfgsf] ;do ;fyLx?;Fu ;Dks{ u/] / clg /] l8of] d=k= nufotsf /] l8of] x?af6 k;f/0f x'g] z} lIfs sfo{qmdsf] nflu c3f{vfFrLsf ljåfg ldq kLtfDa/ a~hf8] sf ljrf/x? /] s8{ u/fpFb} laTof] . clg vfgfkl5 xfdL sfo{qmd:yn zflGtau} +rfdf /x] sf] of] uejgdf k'Uof} + . c3f{vfFrLsf lgs} ;fyLx?sf] pkl:ylt eO;s] sf] /x] 5 . xfdL klg pxfFx?;Fu} ;dflxt eof} + . c3f{vfFrL lhNnfsf ljleGg :yfgaf6 cfpg'ePsf] x'gfn] pxfFx? cfk;df slt kl/lrt x'g'x'GYof] < xfdL klg ToxL sf] 6Ldf k¥of} + .

ToxfF lhNNff aflx/af6 cfpg'ePsf kfx'gfsf] vf] hL u/] sf] klg dx;'; eof] . xfdL lj1fkg ug] { kIfdf lyPgf} + . tTsfn of] uejgdf sfo{qmd cf/De eof] . tby{ ;ldltsf ;lrj hLtaxfb'/ bnf{dLn] lgs} ebtfsf ;fy sfo{qmd ;~rfngsf nflu ;l/s x'g' eof] . ;efkltdf kn]; c3f{vfFrL tby{ ;ldltsf ;+of]hs a'l4axfb'/ /fodfemLnfO{ lgDTofpg'eof] . To;kl5 kd'v cltlydf kn];sf s]GbLo pkfWoIf Pj+ kb]z gDj/ kfFrsf ;+of]hs kßk;fb zdf{ / ljlzi6 cltlydf kb]z kfFrsf ;b:o v]d/fh zdf{ / a'l4/fd u}/]nfO{ cf;gux0f u/fPkl5 afFsL cGo cltlyx?nfO{ cf;gux0f u/fpg'eof] . ;ldltsf ;b:o d~h' l3ld/]n] pkl:yt ;a}nfO{ cfsif{s z}nLaf6 :jfut ug'e{ of] . kd'v cltlyn] sfo{qmd pb\3f6g u/]kZrft tby{ ;ldltsf ;b:o ;d]t /xg'ePsf a'l4/fd u}/]n] ;fFu7lgs kltj]bg k:t't ug'e{ of] . kltj] bg kZrft cltlyaf6 z'esfdgf dGtAosf nflu ;do ldnfpg'eof] . z'esfdgf kbfg ug] {x?df kqsf/ dxf;+3 kb] z kfFrsf ;b:o czf] s vgfn, n'lDagL jfª\do klti7fg c3f{vfFrLsf cWoIf kLtfDa/ a~hf8] , n'=jf=k=sf s] GbLo ;b:o tyf kqsf/ dxf;+3 c3f{vfFrLsf cWoIf lxd lh;L …n]sfnLÚ, kultzLn kfWofks ;+3 c3f{vfFrLsf cWoIf a'l4/fd e';fn, ;fF:s[lts ;+/If0f d~r c3f{vfFrLsf cWoIf hgfb{g vgfn, kultzLn n]vs ;+3 c3f{vfFrLsf kyd cWoIf zflns/fd cfrfo{, kn]; kb]z kfFrsf ;b:o v]d/fh zdf{ kd'v cltly kßk;fb zdf{nufot /xg'eof] . v'nf ;qsf] cGtdf ;efklt a'l4axfb'/ /fodfemLn] dGtAo;lxt zflns/fd cfrfo{, kLtfDa/ a~hf8] / lxd n] sfnLnfO{ cWoIf d08ndf gfd k:tfj ug'{eof] . ;j{;Ddt gfd kf; eof] . pxfFn] kyd ;q ;dfkg ug'{eof] . bf] ;f] ;qdf kj] z ubf{;fy kltj] bgdf 5nkmn u/] / s] xL yk ug] {u/L kfl/t u/] / lgjf{rgsf] sfo{df nfUg'eof] . tby{ ;ldltn] s] xL gfdx? to u/] sf] /x] 5 . pQm gfd k:tfjsf ?kdf cWoIf d08naf6 jfrg u/] / ;'gfpg'eof] . b'O{j6f gfd x] / fkm] l/ u/] / cGo gfdx? ;j{;Ddt kf; eP . ;j{;Ddt rog ePsf gfd / kbx? lgDg ksf/ /x] – cWoIf a'l4axfb'/ /fodfemL, pkfWoIf sdnk;fb l3ld/] , ;lrj sdn l3ld/] , ;x;lrj e] ifaxfb'/ If] qL, sf] iffWoIf zf] efl;+x 7s'/ L, ;b:ox?df hLjgf/fo0f vgfn, lah'nf /fodfemL, t] hk;fb kf08] , x[bos'df/ e';fn, 6] sgf/fo0f u} / ] , kz'klt cfrfo{, k'is/gfy cfrfo{, lednfn cfrfo{ /xg'eof] . o;} u/L xnaf6 ;Nnfxsf/x?sf] klg

rog ug'{eof] . h;df s'nrGb d/fl;gL, kLtfDj/ e6\6/fO{, gf/fo0f zf:qL, zflns/fd cfrfo{ / g] qk;fb 9'+ufgf /xg'eof] . sfo{qmd s;/L ;~rfng xf] nf / s;/L ;dfkg xf] nf d] / f] dgdf Ps ksf/sf] sf} t'xntf lyof] . cfkm" kd'v cltly ag] / a;] sf] sfo{qmd ;'/ lIft cjt/0f u/fpg ;lsPg eg] cfkm} df kZgjfrs lrGx nfUg] x'gfn] Psksf/sf] sf} t'xntf x'g' :jfefljs xf] . t/ c3f{vfFrLsf ;fyLx?n] ;'/ lIft cjt/0f u/fpg'eof] . clt v'zL nfUof] . cfkm" cfPsf] ;fy{stf eof] eGg] nUof] . gjlgjf{lrt ;a} nfO{ z'esfdgf, awfO{ tyf sfo{sfn ;kmntfsf] sfdgf ub{} cfkm"x?af6 klg ;bf ;xof] u /xg] arg lbof} + . cWoIf d08nsf cWoIf zflns/fd cfrfo{n] dGtAo ;lxt aGb;q ;dfkg ePsf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . tTkZrft ;fd"lxs kmf] 6f] lnof} + . sfo{qmd ;dfkgkl5 xfdL a'l4axfb'/ /fodfemL / ljh'nf /fodfemLsf] lgDtf] :jLsfb} { pxfFsf] 3/;Dd k'Uof} + . lah'nf d] 8d xfdLnfO{ laxfg cfkm\ gf] 3/df lnP/ hfgsf nflu xfdL a;] sf] zflGt xf] 6ndf cfpg'ePsf] lyof] . !$ ut] laxfg xfdL a'l4/fd u} / ] sf] 3/df k'Uof} + . clg kLtfDa/ j~hf8] sf] 3/df klg k'Uof} + . /fodfemLsf] 3/df ;fFemdf k'Ug] afrf laxfg u/] sf lyof} + . To;sf/0f l9nf gu/L xfdL pxfFsf] 3/tkm{ sfo{qmd :ynaf6 l;w} nfUof} + . /fodfemL ;/sf] 3/df nfdf] ;do a:g] km';{b lyPg . To;} n] 5f] 6f] ;dodf pxfFsf] 3/df cfltYotf ux0f u/] / lkmtf{ eof} + . ;GWofsfndf /] l8of] c3f{vfFrL / /] l8of] ;GwLvs{sf] kToIf k;f/0fdf hf] l8g' lyof] . To;} n] zflGt xf] 6ndf lkmtf{ cfP/ a'l4/fd u} / ] sf] ;fydf v] d/fhhL / d b'a} hgf /] l8of] tkm{ nfUof] } + . xfdL /] l8of] af6 sfo{qmddf hf] l8P/ kms{bf k'/ } cFWof/f] eO;s] sf] lyof] . xfdL kmsL{ cfpFbf lxd n] sfnLhL csf] { sfo{qmd /] s8{sf] nflu tof/L eP/ zflGt xf] 6ndf a:g' ePsf] /x] 5 . xfdL vfgf 5f] 8] / pxfFnfO{ ;do pknAw u/fof} + . vfgf vfP/ sf] 7fdf kms{bf /ftsf] !! ah] sf] lyof] . laxfg ;a] / } p7] / lgTosd{df h'6\of} + . !% ut] c3f{vfFrLaf6 bfª kms{gsf nflu laxfg 5 ah]sf] l6s6 !$ ut] g} ;fyLx?n] to ul/;Sg'ePsf] lyof] . xfdL 5 aHbf gaHb} sf]7faf6 uf8Lsf] ktLIffsf] nflu lx8\of}+ . c3f{vfFrLsf ;a} ;fyLx?af6 kfPsf] cufw dfof ;fFr]/ clg dg nf]Eofpg] c3f{vfFrL ofqfsf] cld6 5fk dgdf ;fFr]/ a'l4/fd u}/];Fu sl;nf] u/L xft ldnfP/ xfdL lsofuf8Ldf r9\of}+ clg bfªsf nflu k:yfg u¥of}+ .

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Saturday, 18 May 2019

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s/} 6L n} lhgf cfj:os af . Pg;] n s/ 5nL;] ;/sf/L hUufts e"dflkmofs] rË'nd km;n b] vf kl6{ af . ks[lts] >f] t;fwg bf] xg s} s ef} lts ;'ljwfsnfu sf/0f cfly{s a[l4s] sf/0f l;Ëf] dfgj ;Eotf ;+s6d km:6L hfO6f . lo sf/0f;] dg} dg} s] ljrd lje] b t a9\6L u} n g} af . ks[tLs] ljjwtf 36s] h} ljs ;Gt'ngd Aofks u8a8L x'O6L af . ofs/ pbfx/0f hnjfo' kl/jt{g xf] . ofs/ c;/ 5'6L 5'6L b] v k6L{ cfOn af. lgs6 eljiod aG6L hfO km] g :ofst lo b] Vgf ef} lts ljsfz le§/ g} b] Vgf ljgfzlzntf hu aG6L u} n b] vf klt{ af . dg} syfslyt ;'vL lhjgs] nfu ef} uf] lns ;'ljwfs] ;kgf;+u vlgh phf{ cf] / } 6L af. ag hË kfgLs] >f] t ljzfbLo'tm x'O6L af. df6Ld qm[ltd /;fog lj;fbL g} uNgf Knfi6Ls ldn} gf sfd x'O6L af . lo ljWjz+ x'Ogf d"n sf/0f bnfn k'hLjfb g} xf] . ofs/ gd'gf xf] cvLs] zx/Lof kj[QL cf] x's sgf{ ks[tLklts] Joaxf/ cl;g bnfnk'hLafbs] lj?4 cfd ;r] t gful/s a'l4lhjL /fhlgtLs bnx's cfjfh p7fO{ kgf{ cfj:os af . ;/sf/d /xns hgkltlgwLx's bnfns] ;] / f] km] / f] d 3'Dgf g} xf] . cfkg :jfledfgxg Vofn s} v cf3 ax kgf{ cfj:os af . nf] eL kfkL cf] larf} lnof ;] ;fjwfg cf] b'/ /x kgf{ h?/L af . ei6frf/ df} n} 6L u} ns b] vs] kf6L{ sfo{stf{ /fhg} lts bnx's ;': 6} ns cj:yf b] vf kl6{ af . cfd hgtg b} lgsL u'hgf{ ufxf] k/n cj:yf af . lo s6' ;To oyfy{ xf] c+;Lv] Xof/a] / syfsyLt cf'lgs ljsf;s] gfpFd ljgfzlzn ;] arfOnfs s} v arfO ;] ShfO sgf aft xdf/ ;fd' kZg pAhn af. b'vs] aft xdf/ dfgljo r] tgf lgb} 6L u} n b] v k/y . xd s'Des0f{ ;'6n /xt cf] : 6xs] ;'tn cj:yfd af6L . ;fdflhs Gofo ks[lts] lbuf] kgs] ax; ;': 6 ;': 6 x] / } 6L ;d[l4s] gf/f cf] em] nd klt{ u} n b] vf klt{ af . s] jn aftd l;ldt x'On af . lbuf] ljsf;s nIfs] ;fdflhs Gofo lbuf] ks[lts k:tfj sfuhd s] Nx l;ldt g} xf] ls Aojxfl/s sfo{Gjogd cfg kgf{

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lxn] gfrsf emns b] vfOG5 . vf;df hg} k"l0f{dfsf lbg Ps jif{ s'G5fn / csf] { aif{ s'nufpFdf lxn] gfr b] vfpg] rng 5 . To;s} ;+lIfKt ?k s'G5fn k'Ug] ko{6sx?nfO{ b] vfOG5 . g] jf/ a:tL ePsfn] ;fydf nfv] gfr t eOxfN5 . s'G5fnaf6 u'G›'s, l;hg] jn t/sf/L, ;Grfgf, lsjL / e'OF :ofp sf] ;] nLsf] ?kdf ko{6sx?n] lng] ub{5g . g] kfndf klxnf] kN6 rG›zdz] / /f0ffsf] kfnfdf lrTnfª / l6:6'ªsf :yfgLox?n] uf8L af] s] / pkTosf k'¥ofpg] P] ltxfl;s uf] / ] 6f] /fhdfu{ klg s'G5fndf 5 . o:tf w] / } Oltxf; af] s] sf] of] If] q wfld{s, ;f+: s[lts / kfs[lts ?kdf klg wgL 5 . ;ft ;o jif{ k'/ fgf] lnR5ljsfnLg /fhf c+z' jdf{n] :yfkgf u/] sf] sf] 6 b/af/ klg l6:6'ªd} /x] sf] 5 . clxn] b/af/sf] eUgfjz] if dfq /x] sf] 5 eg] sf] 6b/af/ glhs tn] h' ejfgLsf] dlGb/ /x] sf] 5 . l6:6'ªdf s] xL cfw'lgs z} nLsf 3/ ;8s5] pdf ag] klg clwsf+z 3/ k'/ fg} g] jf/L z} nLsf 5g\ . l6:6'ª pkTosf s'n] vfgL hnljB'tsf nflu hnfwf/ / sf7df8f} + pkTosfsf nflu t/sf/Lsf] kd'v cfk"lt{ ug] { pkTosf xf] . kfs[lts dgf] / d b[Zodfq xf] Og wfld{s If] q / ;fF: s[lts j:tLsf ?kdf /x] sf] dsjfgk'/ sf] l6:6'ª kfn'ª / lrTnfª If] q ko{6sLo If] qsf] ?kdf kl/lrt 5 . sn sn em/gf . j/k/ ; ;fgf kxf8sf y'Dsfx?n] 3] l/Psf] ;fgf] pkTosf . s'G5fn ufpF k'Ug] w] / } ko{6sx? lrTnfª k'Ug] ub{5g\ . sltko ko{6sx? klxnf lrTnfª k'u] / kl5 s'G5fn ufpFdf k'U5g\ . lrTnfªdf tLglt/ xl/of kxf8n] 9flsPsf] / aLrdf ;dy/ v] tLof] Uo hldg 5 . lrTnfªaf;Ln] ufpFdf k'Ug] ko{6sx?nfO{ gfªnfdf ;u'g / gf:kltsf] nf] sn /S;Ln] :jfut ug{ dgk/fpF5g\ . ko{6ssf] :jfut ;Tsf/ ug{ pgLx?

lrTnfª . sf] 6\ofpFb} hfbfF lrTnfªdf w] / } s'/ fx? e] l6G5g\ . lrTnfªd} pTkflbt 6«fp6 df5f clg lrTnfªs} 3fF; vfPsf b'wfn' afvfsf] b'waf6 pTkflbt lrhsf] :jfb lng' lrTnfª k'Ug'sf] csf] { dHhf xf] . h'g g] kfnsf cGo ufpFx?df la/n} kfOG5 . dsjfgk'/ df /x] sf] lrTnfª ufpFkflnsf kl5Nnf] ;do ko{6sLo uGtJosf] ?kdf ljsl;t x'Fb} uPsf] 5 . cuf{lgs len] hsf] ?kdf kl/lrt lrTnfªsf] kfs[lts ;f} Gbo{, ;f+: s[lts / wfld{s dxTjsf sf/0f cfGtl/s tyf afXo ko{6ssf] cfudg a9] sf] 5 . rG›flu/L 8fF8fsf] km] bdf /x] sf] lrTnfªn] kl5Nnf] ;do cuf{lgs v] tLdf cEof; ul//x] sf] 5 eg] ko{6ssf nflu cuf{lgs xf] 6n, l/;f] 6{ / xf] d:6] nfO{ kfyldstfdf /fv] sf] 5 . lrTnfª k'Ug] ko{6sn] cuf{lgs vfgf, cuf{lgs jf;:yn / cuf{lgs v] tL / jg h+unsf] cjnf] sg ug{ kfPsf 5g\ . yfgsf] 6–rG›flu/L s] jnsf/ ;~rfngdf cfPkl5 lrTnfªdf cfGtl/s Pj+ jfXo ko{6sx?sf] ;+Vof a9\g yfNof] . lrTnfªdf ko{6sx?sf] cfjfudg a9] sfn] xf] d:6] sf] ;+Vof klg ylkFb} uPsf] 5 . s] j'nsf/sf] ;~rfng;Fu} lrTnfªdf kfrLg ;Dkbfsf] cWoog cjnf] sg ug{ hfg] ko{6sx?sf] ;+Vof klg a9] sf] 5 . /fhwfgL glhs /x] sf] kfs[lts dgf] / d lrTnfª 3'Dg cfpg] ko{6sx?sf] ;+Vof a9\b} uPsf] 5 . P] ltxfl;s :yfgsf] ?kdf /x] sf] lrTnfª kfrLg ;Dkbfn] dfq xf] Og, snf ;+: s[ltn] klg wgL 5 . 6«fp6 df5f / afvfsf] lrhsf] :jfb rfVg ;d] t ko{6sx? lrTnfª k'Ug] u/] sf 5g\ . ;df6 czf] sn] agfPsf] czf] s r} To / ls/fFt /fhfx?n] agfPsf dlGb/ / lznfn] vsf sf/0f Oltxf;sf ljifodf cWoog ug{ ko{6sx? lrTnfª k'Ug] ub{5g . lrTnfªdf xf] d:6] ;~rfng u/] sf :yfgLo

h+unL km"nx? hf] 8] / cfsif{s dfnf tof/ kfb{5g . sNkgf g} gu/] sf] cfltYo ;Tsf/kZrft\ xf] d:6] cyf{t 3/jf;df ko{6sx?nfO{ n} hfG5g\ . lrTnfª k'Ug] ko{6sx? ufpFn] sf] 3/ 3/df afFl8g'kb{5 . 3/jf; ;] jf pknAw u/fPsf 3/x?n] a9Ldf $–% hgf;Dd ko{6snfO{ ;lhn} jf;:yfg / vfgfsf] plrt Joj:yf ldnfpg ;S5g\ . cfˆg} af/Lsf] ;fu l6K5g\ cfˆg} hfFtf] df cGg lk:5g\ clg ksfP/ ko{6snfO{ lbOG5 . oxfF ;s] ;Dd ljsf;] / zx/af6 cfoltt pTkfbgnfO{ Tolt dxTj lbOb} g . xl/of kmfF6 / glhs} sf] h+un x] b} {, ufpF 3'Db} , :yfgLo d7dlGb/ lgofNb} , 3/] n' vfgfsf] dhf lnb} , lrTnfªdf /Dg ;lsG5 . ufpFn] x? ko{6sx?nfO{ cfkm"n] ;'g] sf ef] u] sf ;To tYo s'/ fx? ;'gfpF5g\ . Toltdfq sxfF xf] /, lrTnfªsf] 3/sf 5fgfx?n] Oltxf; af] N5g\ kfo 3/ dxf/fgL Plnhfj] ysf] lrq c+lst l6gsf kftfn] 5fOPsf 5g\ . g] kfn ed0fdf cfpg] a] nfotL kfx'gfx?n] s'g} ;do cfˆgf] vfgf / vhfgf af] s] / NofPsf l6gsf afs;x? lrTnfªdf 5f] 8\b} ubf{ ufpFn] x?n] pQm l6gsf] kftfx?n] 3/ 5fPsf 5g . eLdkm] bLaf6 lrTnfª x'Fb} sf7df8f} +df /f0ffx?sf ef8f / uf8L af] Sg] wgaxfb'/ uf] n] , dfv{'sf hoaxfb'/ l3l;ª, ;jf{ªsf sfG5f jfOjf / t;/sf jfOjf y/sf dflg;x? hGd] sf] ynf] klg xf]

afl;Gbfn] ko{6sx?;Fu kltJolQm kltlbg Psxhf/ b'O{;o ?lkofF lng] u/] sf 5g\ . a] lNhod, kmfG;, c:6«] lnofnufot cGo s] xL o'/ f] lkog d'n'saf6 cfPsf ko{6sn] afvfsf] lrh dgk/fpF5g\ . lrTnfªdf xl/ofnL 3fF;] rp/ / gf;kftLsf] 3gf au} rfs} aLrdf sf7, 9'+uf, df6f] / l6gaf6 agfOPsf ;–;fgf s6] h b] lvG5g\ . s6] h zfgbf/ 5g\ . lkm jfO{kmfO{ t x'g] g} eof] . b'O{ /ft a:g] nfO{ nGr lkm /ftdf SofDk kmfo/sf] dhf . udL{ dlxgfdf klg lrTnfªdf ;fFem k/] kl5 hf8f] x'G5, kftnf] Hofs] 6 t nufpg} k5{ . !) xhf/ hg;+Vof ePsf] lrTnfªsf] pQ/tkm{ rG›flu/L 8fF8f / blIf0flt/ dxfef/t /] ~h 5 . of] kfrLg ufpFdf g] jf/, afx'g If] qL / tfdfª hfltsf dflg;sf] a;f] jf; 5 . lrTnfªaf6 s'n] vfgL hnljB'tsf] nflu lgld{t OG›;/f] j/, kfn'ª, bfdg Pj+ ;Lde~Hofªsf dgdf] xs b[Zox? b] Vg ;lsG5 . s;/L k'Ug] M x] 6f} +8f cyjf kf] v/fb] lv s'G5fn hfg lqe'jg /fhdfu{df kg] { l6i6'ª k'Ug' kb{5 . l6i6'ª 5f8] / 9'+uf 5fk] sf] af6f] pSn] kl5 s'G5fnÚ ufpF k'Ug'x'G5 . sf7df8f} +sf] yfgsf] 6 uf] bfdaf6 rG›flu/L e~Hofª x'Fb} lrTnfª eP/ klg s'G5fn k'Ug ;lsG5 . sf7df8f} + kmlk{ª s'n] vfgL x'Fb} klg s'G5fn k'Ug ;lsG5 . blIf0fsfnL, kmfv] n, s'n] vfgL dfv{' x'Fb} klg s'G5fn hfg ;lsG5 .

jt{dfg ;dodf s:tf] l;h{gfdf ?lr /fVg'x'G5 < l;h{gfTds n] vgeGbf ;dfnf] rgf d] / f] ?lrsf] If] q xf] . ;dfnf] rgf ;a} eGbf uxg / pQ/bfloTj n] vg xf] h:tf] nfU5 / clxn] ;dfnf] rgf n] vgd} a9L ;dodf latfpg] u/] sf] 5' . ;flxTosf] cf} lrTo s] xf] h:tf] nfU5 < ;} 4flGts lx;fan] ;flxTon] g} lts lzIf0f u5{, pkb] z lbG5 / ljrf/ lbG5 eGg] h:tf w] / } sf] 0faf6 x] g{] ul/Psf] kfOG5 . t/ dnfO{ s] nfU5 eg] ;flxTo eg] sf] ljrf/x?sf] k'gM l;h{g xf] h;af6 dflg;sf] r] tgfdf kl/jt{gsf] 5fk 5f]8\g ;lsof] ;\ . ;fdfGotof ;flxTo eg] sf] ljljw ljrf/x?sf] k'gM l;h{g xf] . cfhsf] k7g ;+: s[ltaf/] rrf{ ug'{kbf{ < k7g ;+: s[ltsf] :t/ x] bf{ w] / } k5fl8 5 . k7g t 5 t/ To;kl5sf] af] w / hLjgdf To;sf] ?kfGt/0fsf] cj:yf emg\ bogLo 5 . k9\g], k9]/ a'‰g] / a'em] / hLjgdf ?kfGt/0f ug{] sf] ;+Vof x] ¥of} + eg] w] / } sd 5 . k7g ;+: s[ltsf] ljsf;sf lglDt s] ug'{k5{ < Pp6f t cf} krfl/s lzIffsf] If] qdf kdf0fkq ;+ux ug{] sfd dfq ePsf] 5 . Pd=P=, lkPr8L k9] / ;l6{lkms] 6 hf]8\g] t/ ;+: sf/ / r] tgfdf kl/jg{t Nofpg]tkm{sf] koTg b] lvb} g . xf] , of] vfnsf] cj:yfsf] cGTo ug{ cf} krfl/s lzIffsf If] qdf k9fO, a'emfO / p;sf] Ifdtf dfkg ug{ ;Sg] kl/l:yltx?sf] lgdf{0f ub}{ hfg ;Sg'k5{ . csf{ lt/ snf÷;flxTo k9\g] kf7sx?sf] ;+Vof t emg} bogLo 5 . kf7sx?sf] ;+Vof ;fx} ;fgf] 5 . ptf kf7s dfq geP/ :jo+ n] vsx?df klg k7gsf] ;d:of 5 . cfkm"n] t n] Vg'x'G5 t/ c?n] n] v] sf] slt k9\g'x'G5, Tof] kIf ljrf/0fLo 5 . cfkm"eGbf leGg n] vssf] :t/ sxfF 5, d ToxfF k'Ug ;s] sf] 5' ls 5} g eg] / cfTdd"Nof+sg ug{] kl/kf6L 5} g h;sf sf/0f k7g;+: s[ltdf r'gf} tLx? 5g\ . lj:tf/} o'u, ;dfh / kl/l:yltn] To;sf] dfu ub}{ uof] eg] qmdzM k7g ;+: s[ltsf] ljsf; x'Fb} hfnf . gofF lk9Lsf] ;flxToklt cle?lr 36\b} uPsf] kfOG5 lg < d] / f] cg'ej clnslt km/s 5 . o'jfk': tfdf ;flxlTos k7gsf] , cf:jfbgsf] kl/kf6L lxhf] Psksf/sf] lyof] , cfh Tof] km]l/Psf] 5 . cfh x] g{x'G5 eg] d] rLb] lv dxfsfnL;Dd h'g;'s} ;flxlTos sfo{qmddf hfg';\, uhntkm{ o'jf k': tfsf] cTolws ?lr 5 . d ljleGg lhNnfsf ;flxlTos sfo{qmddf k'Ubf uhndf gofF k': tfsf] cfsif{0f b] Vg] u/] sf] 5' . o;sf ;fy} l;h{gfTds u'0f:t/ sf lx;fan] sljtf ;a} eGbf dfly 5 . sljtfsf ;h{sx? Pskl5 csf{] cToGt /fdf n] vsx? cfO/xg'ePsf] 5, n] lv/xg'ePsf] 5 . sljx?sf] Tof] gofF k':tfaf6 w] / } ck] Iff ug{ ;lsG5 . cem o;nfO{ eGg'kbf{ lxhf] sf lbgdf lstfa afF8\bf klg k9\b} gy] t/ cfh kf7sx? lsg] / sljtfsf k':tsx? k9\5g\ . ahf/df laSg ;Sg] ;fduLx? l;h{gf ug{ ;Sg' g} pxfFx?sf] v'aL / Ifdtf klg xf] . To;} n] gofF k':tfaf6 w]/} ck] Iff ug{ ;lsG5 . ;dsfnLg ;flxTonfO{ d"Nof+sg s;/L ug'{x'G5 < ;dsfnLg ;flxTodf l;h{gfsf lx;fan] cfVofg / u} / cfVofg klg cfO/x] sf 5g\ . t/ ;dfnf] rgf ljwf rflxF ;a} eGbf sdhf] / 5 . s[ltx? k9\g] , ltgsf] af]w ug{ ;Sg] / ;dLIff ug{ ;Sg] ;fdYo{sf] sdLsf sf/0f ;dfnf] rgf Tolt ;zQm x'g ;s]sf] 5} g . t/ l;h{gfdf t rflxF ;dsfnLg k':tf cfqmfds ?kdf cfO/x] sf] 5 . clnslt k7g ;+: s[ltsf] ljsf; ug{ ;lsof] / xfdf] /fli6«o :t/df dfgs lgdf{0f u/] sf n] vsx? / cGt/f{li6«o :t/df :yflkt n] vsx?sf /rgfx? k9\g] / xfdf] ;fdflhs kl/j] z, /fli6«o kl/l:ylt;Fu hf] 8] / n] Vg] kl/l:ylt lgdf{0f x'Fb} uof] eg] kSs} klg ;dsfnLg n]vg cem :t/Lo aGb} hfg] b]lvG5 . cfhsf] g] kfnL ;dfnf] rgfsf] cj:yf s:tf] 5 < cfh g] kfnL ;flxTodf s'g} ;'Svf If] q 5 eg] Tof] ;dfnf] rgfsf] xf] . clxn] ;flxTosf] ;fdflhs, ;f+:s[lts cWoog ug{] , j}rfl/s tyf ;f}Gbo{k/s cWoog ug]{ ljleGg ksf/sf koTgx? x'Fb} cfPsf 5g\ . t/ ltgn] h'g ksf/sf] Jofkstf kfpg'kYof] {] , ltgdf h;/L s[lt / s[ltsf/sf] d"Nof+sg x'g'kYof{] Tof] ;fdYo{ ;dfnf]rsx?n] b] vfpg ;s] sf 5} gg\ eGg] d]/f] cg'ej 5 . ;dfnf] rgfsf lglDt s[ltx? k9\g] , ltgnfO{ gofF–gofF sf] 0faf6 x] g{] , Pp6f dfgs b[li6sf] 0f agfP/ s[ltx?sf] ljj] rgf ug{], s[lt / s[ltsf/sf] d"Nof+sg / of]ubfgsf] lg?k0f ug{] kfl1s ;dfnf]rsLo rf;f] / lrGtf cfhsf] ;dfnf] rgfdf sd 5 . ;dfnf] rsx?sf] v8] / L xf] < ;dfnf] rsx? t w] / } 5g\ t/ s[lt a'em] / ;dfnf] rgf ug{] x? sd 5g\ . ;dfnf] rsx?df k7gsf] hfFu/ ePg cyjf af] wsf] ;fdYo{ ePg, cyjf s[ltsf] u'0fjQfsf] lg?k0f ug{] pRr af} l4s ;fdYo{ ePg eg] ;dfnf]rgf n]lvb}g . s]jn cfk\mgf ;fyLefOnfO{ xfg{ g;s]/ n]lvg]

6Lsfl6Kk0fLn] ;dfnf] rgfsf] ljsf; x'Fb} g . ;dudf s[ltnfO{ k9\g, a'‰g / ;fdfGoLs/0f ug{ ;Sg] / s[ltsf] ax'TjfbL ljZn] i0f ug{ ;Sg] cfF6 / Ifdtf ePg eg] ;dfnf]rgf n]lvb}g / To;sf] sdL cfhsf] ;i6f;dfhn] klg cg'ej ul/cfPsf] 5 . c;n ;dfnf] rs gx'g'sf] kL8f kf7snfO{ s:tf] 5< c;n ;dfrnf] s gx'Fbf s[ltx?sf] d"No lg?k0f x'g;s] sf] 5} g . To;} n] kf7sn] cfk\mgf lglDt cfkm} /rgf 5fGg'kg]{ cj:yf 5 . ;dfnf] rsn] s[ltsf] ;dfnf] rgf n] lvlbof] eg] To;sf cfwf/df kf7sn] /fdf] s[lt rog ug{ ;S5 . t/ ;dfnf] rgfx? gn] lvgfn] kf7sn] s'g s[ltnfO{ dxTjsf ;fy k9\g] eGg] s'/fsf] lgwf{/0f ug{ ;s] sf] 5} g . sltko af} l4s kf7s;Fu t s[ltsf] d"Nofªsg ug{] ;fdYo{ 5 / pRr af} l4s kf7sx? ;dfnf]rgfsf] ck] Iff klg gunf{g\ . t/ cfd kf7snfO{ x] g{ xf] eg] ;dfnf] rsn] h] bfloTo k"/ f ug'{kg{] xf] Tof] ug{ ;s] sf] b]lvb} g . k;+u df] 8f} + . ;flxTodf /fhwfgLn] df] km;nnfO{ x] Kg] u/] sf] kfOG5 lg < xf], /fhwfgLn] cfkm"nfO{ 7"nf] 7fGg] kj[lQ 5 . ptf df] km;nn] cfkm} nfO{ x] g{] b[li6sf] 0fdf klg lg/Lxtf h:tf] kfOG5 . /fhwfgLn] xfdLnfO{ x] l/lbP x'GYof] , xfdL /fhwfgLnfO{ ;'gfpg rfxG5f} + eGg] h:tf ck]Iffx? kfOG5g\ . :yfgLo :t/df ;flxlTos sfo{qmdx? cfof]hgf x'Fbf :yfgLo ;flxTosf/x?nfO{ eGbf /fhwfgLsfnfO{ g} kfyldstf lbOg] kj[lQ b]lvG5 . /fhwfgLdf a:g] n]vs xf] eGg] lalQs} 7"nf] 7fGg] sdhf] / dfgl;stf :yfgLo ;flxTosf/x?df 5 . pxfFx? cfkm}klt uf} / j af] w ug{ ;Sg'x'Gg . jf:tjdf eGg] xf] eg] ;flxTo df] km;ndf 5, To;sf] vf] hL xfdLn] ug'{k5{ . /fhwfgLn] Tof] vf] hL ul/lbG5 ls eGg] ck]Iff ug'{ lg/y{s xf] . ca t b] zdf gofF kl/l:ylt cfO;s] sf] 5 . kfb] lzs ;+/ rgfx? lgdf{0f ePsf 5g\ . To;} n] ef] lnsf lbgdf cfkm\gf] l;h{gf / ;flxTonfO{ cf– cfk\mg} kb]zdf ;d'Ggt agfpFb} hfg'k5{ . df] km;n / /fhwfgLaLrsf] b"/ L d] 6fpg s] ug{'knf{ < cj;/sf lx;fan] df] km;ndf sd xf] nfg\ . t/ klg /fhwfgL aflx/ h] hlt sfdx? eO/x] sf 5g\, ltgsf] 8s'd] G6] ;g ub{} hfg'k5{ / ;dudf df] km;nn] g] kfnL ;flxTosf] d"nwf/nfO{ lbPsf] of] ubfgaf/] 7"nf] :j/n] eGg ;Sg'k5{ . o;af6 dfq} xfdLn] df]km;nsf] l;h{gfTds of]ubfgnfO{ :yflkt ug{ ;S5f}+ . o;}af6 la:tf/} /fhwfgLjfbsf] cftª\s / plgj] zaf6 d'lQm kfpg ;lsG5 . To;sf] cEof; ca gofF k': tfn] ;'? ug'{k5{ . cGtdf, kultjfbL ;flxTosf] cj:yf s:tf] kfpg'x'G5 < kultjfbL ;flxTosf s] xL ;'vb kIfx? 5g\ eg] sl7gfOx? klg Tolts} 5g\ . o;sf] ;'vb kIf s] xf] eg] cfh;Ddsf] /fhgLlts cfGbf]ng / ofqfn] xfdf df} lns clwsf/x? :yflkt ePsf 5g\ / cfkm"nfO{ nfu] sf s'/ fx? :jtGq ?kdf cleJoQm ug{ ;Sg] kl/l:ylt l;h{gf ePsf] 5 . cfh xfdL :jtGq 5f} +, cfkm\gf s'/ f n]Vg eGgsf lglDt pko'Qm cj;/x? kfPsf 5f}+ . o;af6 kultjfbL ;flxTo l;h{gfsf] cfofd la:tfl/t x'Fb} uPsf] 5, Tof] cToGt ;'vb kIf xf] . t/ afdkGyL kf6L{x?leq cg]s wf/x? 5g\, ltgsf cg] s lr/fx? 5g\ . ltgsf kj[lQ / koTgx? s] 5g\ eg] kfP;Dd Psn] csf{nfO{ st} klg afFsL g/fVg] . xf] , /fhgLltdf ePsf] Tof] ljefhg / cg]s wf/x?sf] kefj obfsbf ;flxTodf klg b]lvG5 . Psn] csf{nfO{ kultjfbL gb] Vg] , Psn] csf{nfO{ k"0f{tof lgif] w ug{] , kltlqmofjfbL lsQfsf] n] vs xf] eGb} cf/f]k–kTof/f]k ug{] kl/kf6L kultjfbL ;flxTodf ljsl;t ePsf] b'vb kIf xf] . h'g;'s} kultjfbL n] vs hg';'s} kf6L{df cfj4 xf];\ p;n] n] v] sf l;h{gfx? ;dfhsf] lxt tyf zf] if0fsf lj?4df / Gofosf kIfdf cleJoQm x'g'k5{ / ltgnfO{ xfd} x'g eg] / cfTd;ft ug{ ;Sg'k5{ / o;af6 dfq} kultjfbL ;flxTosf] ;Da4{gdf dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg k'Ug ;S5 eGg] dnfO{ nfU5 . CMYK


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ug{'kg] {df hf] 8 lbg'eof] . / fhk'/ ufpkflnsfsf pkfWoIf wgktL ofbjn] ofbj ;d'bfoleqsf dlxnf x/ ] s If] qdf k5fl8 / x] sf] eGb} ;dfg cj;/ sf] cfjZostf cf} +Nofpg' eof] . d'VodGqL ufdL0f ljsf; sfo{qmd l;kmfl/ ; tyf sfof{Gjog ;ldlt / fhk'/ ufpkflnsfsf ;b: o ;Ltf ofbjsf] : jfut dGtAoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/ 0f ;ldltsf ;b: o eLd cf] nLn] ug{'ePsf] lyof] . d'VodGqL ufdL0f ljsf; sfo{qmdsf ;xhstf{ >L/ fh e08f/ Ln] sfo{qmdsf] af/ ] df hfgsf/ L lbg'eof] . sfo{qmdsf klzIfsdf ;fdflhs cleoGtf ;'ifdf lu/ L / ;'zLnf kf} 8] n / xg' ePsf] 5 . ;fdflhs tyf cfly{s?kdf k5fl8 k/ ] sf] ;d'bfodf d'VodGqL ufdL0f ljsf; sfo{qmd nfu' ul/ Psf] xf] . kb] z kfrsf !@ lhNnfsf #% kflnsfdf d'VodGqL ufdL0f ljsf; sfo{qmd nfu' ePsf] 5 . #% kflnsfdf !^ s/ f] 8 ^% nfv ah] 6 5.

kx/ Lsf] nfk/ jfxLÚ cg';Gwfg cfw'lgs s[lif kmfd{ :yfkgfsf] tof/L o'uaf] w ;dfrf/ bftf g] kfnu~h, # h] 7 . g] kfnu~hsf !% jif{sf / fdaxfb'/ -gfd kl/ jt{g_ nfO{ kx/ Ln] @)&$ df3 !@ ut] nfu"cf} ifw;lxt kqmfp u¥of] . kx/ Ln] @)&% ebf} !% ut] nfu"cf} ifw x] / f] Ogdf d'2f nufP/ lhNnf cbfntdf k] z u¥of] . ebf} !& ut] cbfntn] / fdaxfb'/ nfO{ gfafns eGb} cleefjssf] lhDdf nufOlbof] . / fdaxfb'/ b'O{ xKtfkl5 km] l/ rf] / Ldf kqmfp k/ ] . kx/ Ln] @)&% ebf} #! ut] pgnfO{ df] afOn rf] / Lsf] cf/ f] kdf kqmfp u¥of] . c;f] h @! ut] / fdaxfb'/ nfO{ rf] / L d'2fdf kx/ Ln] pkl: yt u/ fof] . of] k6s kx/ Ln] / fdaxfb'/ sf] pd] / !* jif{ b] vfP/ d'2f bfo/ u¥of] . @@ ut] cbfntn] / fdaxfb'/ ;u @) xhf/ w/ f} 6L dfu u¥of] . / fdaxfb'/ n] ltg{ g;s] kl5 sf/ fuf/ rnfg eP . / fdaxfb'/ bL3{/ f] uL 5g\ . nfu"cf} ifwdf kqmfp kbf{ !% jif{sf] gfafns eg] / 5'6] sf / fdaxfb'/ nfO{ !$ lbgkl5 rf] / Ldf kqmfp ubf{ kx/ Ln] !* jif{ pd] / k'¥ofP/ d'2f bfo/ u¥of] . o;df kx/ L clwsf/ Lsf] cg';Gwfgdf q'l6 b] lvof] . bL3{/ f] uL / fdaxfb'/ n] e] / L c: ktfnaf6 cf} iflw lnbf !* jif{sf] kl/ rokq ag] sf] b] lvPsfn] ToxL cfwf/ df kx/ Ln] d'2f bfo/ u/ ] sf] lhls/ ul/ Psf] 5 . of] 36gfdf kx/ Lsf

cg';Gwfg clws[tsf] q'l6dfq} xf] Og, nfk/ jfxL g} b] lvG5 . kx/ L clws[tsf] nfk/ jfxLn] gfafns / fdaxfb'/ em08} cf7 dlxgf sf/ fuf/ df a: g afWo eP . df] afOn rf] / Ldf w/ f} 6L a'emfpg g;Sbf / fdaxfb'/ sf/ fuf/ rnfg ePsf lyP . afn Ohnf;df nfdf] ;do;Dd GofofwLz ePgg\ . To;kl5 clwjQmfåo ;'bLk e§/ fO{ / ljZjhLt ltjf/ Ln] / fdaxfb'/ sf] s] ;df aGbLkToIfLs/ 0fsf] d'2f bfo/ u/ ] . @)&^ a} zfv #! ut] l/ 6 xflnPsf] lyof] . h] 7 ! ut] ax; eof] . pRr cbfnt t'n;Lk'/ g] kfnu~h Ohnf;sf GofofwLz x] d/ fh kGtn] @$ 306fleq aGbL;lxt pkl: yt x'g ljkIfLsf] gfddf cfb] z u/ ] . h] 7 @ ut] GofofwLzåo x] d/ fh kGt / ljdn ;'j] bLsf] ;+o'Qm Ohnf;n] / fdaxfb'/ nfO{ gfafns g} 7x/ u¥of] . clwjQmf e§/ fO{sf cg';f/ , GofofwLzåon] / fdaxfb'/ nfO{ sf/ fuf/ df y'Gg] cfb] z sfg'gljk/ Lt ePsfn] cfh} afn ;'wf/ u[xdf k7fpg cfb] z u/ ] . kx/ L cg';Gwfg clws[tsf] nfk/ jfxLn] ubf{ gfafns / fdaxfb'/ s/ Lj cf7 dlxgf sf/ fuf/ df a: g afWo eP . clwjQmf e§f/ fO{n] gfafnsnfO{ ao: s b] vfP/ sf/ fuf/ rnfg ug'{ / fdf] gePsf] atfP . pgn] eg] / fdaxfb'/ bL3{/ f] uL 5 . afn ;'wf/ u[xdf a: bf p;n] : ofxf/ kfp5 .Ú

o'uaf] w ;dfrf/ bftf sld/ ] rf} / , # h] 7 . a+unfr'nL ufpkflnsfn] s[ifsx?sf] hLjg: t/ dfly p7fpg ljleGg vfnsf sfo{qmdx? ub} { cfPsf] 5 . k/ Dk/ fut s[lif k0ffnL / kz'kfngsf sf/ 0f s[ifssf] hLjg: t/ df kl/ jt{g x'g g;s] sf] eGb} o;sf] cfw'lgsLs/ 0f cfjZos / x] sf] ufpkflnsfsf] 7x/ 5 . oxL s'/ fnfO{ Wofgdf / fVb} bfªsf] a+unfr'nL ufpkflnsfn] s[ifsx?nfO{ cfw'lgs s[lif kmfd{sf] cWoog cg'udg u/ fPsf] 5 . a+unfr'nL ufpkflnsfdf To: tf kmfd{sf] ;DefjgfnfO{ k5\ofpb} cjnf] sg ed0f u/ fPsf] xf] . ed0fsf qmddf kf] v/ fdf / x] sf] / fli6«o kz' khgg sfof{no, lrtjgsf] / fdk'/ df / x] sf] / fli6«o ufO{ cg';Gwfg sfo{qmdsf] kmfd{, uf] / vfsf] kfn'ª6f/ RofDn'ªdf / x] sf] sfdw] g' ufO{ kfng kmfd{ / lrgjt lhNnfdf / x] sf] af] o/ hftsf] afvf ePsf] hutk'/ Puf] kflnsf] : ynut cjnf] sg ul/ Psf] lyof] . cjnf] sg ed0fdf a+unfr'nL ufpkflnsfsf kltlglw s[ifsx?, a+unfr'nL ufpkflnsf pkfWoIf, j8fsf cWoIf / s] xL sd{rf/ Lx?sf] ;xeflutf lyof] . ed0fsf cjnf] sg qmddf a+unfr'nL ufpkflnsfsf pkfWoIf od'gf yfkf du/ , j8f g+= !

Aoj;fod"ns sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug{ dfu o'uaf] w ;dfrf/ bftf b+uLz/ 0f, # h] 7 . b+uLz/ 0f ufpkflnsfsf blnt dlxnfx?n] ufpkflnsfn] dlxnfx?sf nflu Aoj;fod"ns sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug{ dfu u/ ] sf 5g\ . 3/ fo;L eGbf klg ;docg';f/ sf sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug'{kg] { pgLx?n] atfP . 3/ fo;L sfddf dfq ;Lldt / x] sf] eGb} pgLx?n]

dlxnfx?sf] cfjZostfcg';f/ bfndf] 6 agfpg] , cu/ aQL, ;fj'g agfpg] , a'l6s, l;nfOs6fO, Ao"l6kfn{/ h: tf Aoj;fod"ns tflnd cfkm"x?sf nflu cfjZos / x] sf] atfP . blnt dlxnf OGbf g] kfnLn] j8fn] cfkm"x?sf nflu s'g} klg pknlAwd"ns sfo{qmd gu/ ] sf] u'gf;f] ug'{eof] . ufpkflnsfsL pkfWoIf lkdf s'df/ L v8\sfn] ufpkflnsfn] blntx?sf nflu ah] 6

tyf sfo{qmddf sGh': ofO gu/ ] sf] / cfufdL lbgdf klg blntx?sf nflu a9fjf lbg] dg;fo / x] sf] atfpg'eof] . j8f g= # sf cWoIf k"0f{axfb'/ rf} w/ Ln] blntx?sf nflu cfkm"n] j8faf6 ug{ ;Sg] s'g} klg sfddf sGh': ofO gx'g] atfpg'eof] . blnt ;+3sf lhNnf cWoIf o'jf s/ f/ fn] blnt dlxnfx? ahf/ sf] dfucg';f/ sfo{qmd ug'{kg] { ;do / x] sf] eGb} blnt dlxnfx? : jo+ sdhf] / / x] sf]

sf cWoIf dbgaxfb'/ vqL, b'O{sf d] 3/ fh / fgf, rf/ sf gf/ fo0f 8fuL, 5 sf j] b'nfn 3tL{, ;ftsf lu/ axfb'/ yfkf / cf7sf lul/ / fh af7fsf] ;xeflutf lyof] . ed0f Joj: yfkgsf nflu a+unfr'nL ufpkflnsfsf kz';] jf zfvfsf w'j a: g] t, uf] ljGb g] kfnLnufotsf sd{rf/ Lx?sf] ;xeflutf lyof] . ;fy} a+unfr'nL ufp kflnsfel/ sf kltlglwd"ns s[ifsx?sf] ;xeflutf lyof] . a+unfr'nL ufpkflnsfdf cfw'lgs tl/ sfn] s[lif kmfd{x?sf] ljsf; ug] { d'Vo p2] Zosf ;fy s[ifs ed0f sfo{qmd to ul/ Psf] a+unfr'nL ufpkflnsfsf kd'v kzf;sLo clws[t g] jaxfb'/ cf] nLn] hfgsf/ L lbg'eof] . cfly{s jif{ @)&%÷&^ sf] gLlt tyf sfo{qmdd} cjnf] sg sfo{qmd / fv] / s[ifsx?nfO{ cWoog cjnf] sg u/ fPsf] xf] . o;} aLr ed0fdf ;xefuL s[ifsx?n] ufpkflnsfn] cfkm"x?nfO{ cfw'lgs s[lif kmfd{x?sf] cjnf] sg u/ fPsf] df v'zL JoQm u/ ] sf lyP . pgLx?n] ca a+unfr'nLdf klg cfw'lgs kmfd{sf] ljsf;sf nflu sfd ug] { klta4tf JoQm u/ ] . ed0fdf ;xefuL s[ifs j] bk;fb ltjf/ Ln] ed0faf6 cfkm"n] d] xgt ug{ ;s] df cfkm\g} b] zdf dgUo cfDbfgL ug{ ;lsg] / x] 5 eGg] l;s] sf] atfpg'eof] . atfpg'eof] . blnt ;+3sf lhNnf cWoIf o'jf s/ f/ fsf] cWoIftf Pj+ ufpkflnsfsf pkfWoIf lkdfs'df/ L v8\sfsf] kd'v cfltYotf tyf j8f g+= # sf cWoIf k"0f{axfb'/ rf} w/ Lsf] ljlzi6 cfltYotfdf sfo{qmd ePsf] xf] . ;du ljsf;df cj/ f] w, hftLo tyf n} +lus lje] b eGg] d"n gf/ fsf ;fy blnt dlxnf ;+3 lhNnf zfvf bfªsf] cfof] hgf tyf gfd;flnª ljsf; s] Gbsf] ;xof] u / j8f sfof{no # sf] ;dGjodf ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/ 0f l;tf/ f g] kfnLn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

;dfrf/

kfFr jif{cl3 z'? ul/Psf] wd{zfnf cnkq  ;fu/ l/ hfn Ko'7fg, # h] 7 . Ko'7fgsf] : ju{åf/ L cf>ddf cfpg] bz{gfyL{ a: gsf] nflu wd{zfnfsf] cefj 5 . ePsf] wd{zfnf klg ;fgf] ePsfn] bz{gfyL{ / fVg ;d: of ePsf] 5 . lgdf{0f ug{ nfluPsf] wd{zfnf cnkq k/ ] sf] 5 . kfr jif{cl3 lgdf{0f yflnPsf] wd{zfnf xfn;Dd klg k"/ f x'g ;s] sf] 5} g . g] kfn ;/ sf/ , tTsfnLg lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt Ko'7fg / : ju{åf/ L cf>dsf] ;+o'Qm nufgLdf wd{zfnf lgdf{0f sfo{ yfngL ul/ Psf] lyof] . : ju{åf/ L cf>dglhs} w/ dkfgLdf cTofw'lgs ejg;lxt b'O{ ;o %) sf] 7f lgdf{0f ug] { of] hgf cg';f/ sfd cl3 a9fOPsf] eP klg aLrd} sfd / f] lsPsf] 5. tLg jif{df lgdf{0f k"/ f ug] { lhDDff Wfd{zfnf tLg jif{df lgdf{0f ug] { lhDdf Zofd;'Gb/ lgdf{0f ;] jf sf7df8f} +n] lnPsf] lyof] . kfr s/ f] 8sf] nfut l: 6d] 6 cg';f/ sfd k"/ f ug] { u/ L lhDdf lnPsf] sDkgLsf kltlglw pdfsfGt zdf{n] hfgsf/ L lbg'eof] . ejg lgdf{0fsf] $) kltzt sfd cem} afsL / x] sf] pxfn] atfpg'eof] . of] jif{ sfd ug] { s'g} clVtof/ L kfKt ePsf] 5} gÚ pxfn] eGg'eof] jx'jifL{o of] hgfcGtu{t ejg lgdf{0f sfo{ cufl8 a9] klg of] jif{ ah] 6 k/ ] sf] 5} g .Ú lgdf{0fsf nflu of] jif{ sxL+ st} af6 ah] 6 gcfpbf lgdf{0f sfo{ aLrd} / f] lsPsf] pxfn] atfpg'eof] . sl/a tLg s/ f] 8 eGbf a9L / sdsf] sfd ;DkGg ePsf] pxf atfpg'x'G5 .

;d[l4;u=== ug{k' g]d { f hf] 8 lbg'eof] . pxfn] dbg cfl>tsf ;kgf k"/ f ug{ sfd u/ ] / b] vfpg] ;do cfPsf] atfpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf kb] z sld6L ;b: o t'n;f s] ;Ln] sDo'lgi6sf g] tf, sfo{stf{x?sf] hLjgz} nLdf ;'wf/ cfjZos / x] sf] cf}N+ ofpg'eof] . sDo'lgi6sf] sfo{stf{ eGg] , lrNnf kh] / f r9\g] <Ú s] ;Ln] eGg'eof] sDo'lgi6 sfo{stf{x?n] klg e2f hLjgz} nL abnf} + / hgtfsf] hLjg klg abnf} + .Ú g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ -g] skf_ sf 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/ sld6L cWoIf / fddl0f kf08] osf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf : jfut gu/ sld6L ;b: o lbnLk vgfn / ;~rfng gu/ ;b: o ;'bg l8;Ln] ug'e { Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf dbg cfl>tsf] tl: j/ df dfNofk{0f ul/ Psf] lyof] . pknlAwsf] / Iffsf nflu ;a} lhDd] jf/ aGg'kg] M zdf{ o;}aLr kb] z;ef ;b: o / ] jtL/ d0f zdf{n] sDo'lg: 6 cfGbf] ng gof prfOdf k'u]sf] pNn] v ub} { pknlAw / Iff ug{ ;a} lhDd] jf/ x'gk' g] { atfpg'ePsf] 5 . @^ cf} + dbg cfl>t : d[lt lbj;df / / fKtL ufpkflnsfn] d;'l/ ofdf cfof] hgf u/ ] sf] sfo{qmdnfO{ ;Daf] wg ub} { zdf{n] hgg] tf dbg e08f/ L / s'zn ;+u7s hLj/ fh cfl>tn] b] v] sf] ;kgf ;fsf/ kfg] { bfloTj sDo'lg: 6 sfo{stf{sf] sfwdf / x] sf] atfpg'eof] . g] skf / fKtL ufpkflnsf cWoIf wd{/ fh clwsf/ Lsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf lhNnf ;b: o ls/ 0f e08f/ L, lrqaxfb'/ yfkfnufotn] dGtAo JoQm ug{e ' Psf] lyof] . lxdfnL Gof} kfg] sf] : jfut dGtAoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ;lrj 6f] kaxfb'/ emfqmLn] ug{e ' Psf] lyof] . o;} u/ L g] skf ndxL gu/ sld6L ;lrj a;Gt zdf{ -laqmfGt_ sf] cWoIftf tyf s] GbLo ;b: o gf/ fo0fL zdf{sf] kd'v cfltYotfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf kd'v cltly zdf{n] g] tf sfo{stf{df kl/ jt{g x'g cfjZos / x] sf] atfpg'eof] . dbg e08f/ L / hLj/ fh cfl>tsf] efif0f ug] { snfsf sf/ 0f dfq} geO{ j} rfl/ s : ki6tf, ;+u7g kl/ rfng / g] t[Tj Ifdtfaf6 ;a} kefljt eP/ ;Demgf ul/ Psf] atfpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf lhNnf ;b: o gf/ fo0f l8;L 5DkfnL, ltns s] ;L, ;'/ fdl0f a] njf;] , bf] kbf kf} 8] n, ?df kf} 8] n, b08L/ fd rf} w/ Lnufotn] dGtJo JoQm ug{e ' Psf] lyof] .

Wfd{zfnf gx'bf bz{gfyL{nfO{ af; a: g ;d: of : ju{åf/ L cf>ddf wd{zfnf gx'bf bz{gfyL{nfO{ af; a: g ;d: of 5 . cf>ddf ePsf] wd{zfnfdf tLg ;o eGbf j9L bz{gfyL{ c6\b} gg\Ú : ju{åf/ L cf>dsf ;xfos sf] 7f/ L afa'/ fd Gof} kfg] n] eGg'eof] ] wd{zfnf gx'bf a;fNg g;lsPsf] xf] .Ú / fHok'g;{+/ rgfkl5 ah] 6 gcfP/ / f] lsPsf] +wd{zfnf slxn] aGg] xf] cQf] kQf] gePsf] pxf atfpg'x'G5 . 7"nf] If] qkmndf km} lnPsf] lgdf{0ffwLg tnf 9nfg eP/ dfq} 5f] l8Psf] 5 . : ju{åf/ Ldf cfpg] ko{6snfO{ plrt jf;: yfgsf] kaGw ug] { of] hgf cg';f/ wd{zfnf lgdf{0f cufl8 a9fOPsf] eP klg sfd / f] lsbf ;d: of cfPsf] pxfn] atfpg'eof] . wd{zfnf ;u} ;8s sfnf] kq] / vfg] kfgLsf] ;d: of / x] sf] ;xfos sf] 7f/ L Gof} kfg] n] atfpg'eof] . pxfn] eGg'eof] oL cfjZostf kl/ k"lt{ x'g] xf] eg] bz{gfyL{ a9\g] lyP .Ú

u9jfdf klg dbg cfl>t : d[lt lbj; o;}aLr g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ -g] skf_ u9jfsf] cfof] hgfdf b] pv'/ Lsf] u9jfdf z'qmjf/ dbg cfl>t : d[lt lbj; dgfOPsf] 5 . kf6L{sf u9jf ufpkflnsfsf cWoIf tyf g] skf bfªsf ;b: o sfnL/ fd rf} w/ Lsf] cWoIftf / kb] z g+= % sf ;f+;b tyf g] skfsf g] tf OGblht rf} w/ Lsf] kd'v cfltYotfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf af] Nb} ;f+;b rf} w/ Ln] lbj+ut g] tfx?sf] : d/ 0f ub} { ;lxbn] b] vfPsf] af6f] df b[9tfk"js { kf6L{ / sfo{stf{x? ;lqmo / xg'kg] { atfpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf g] skf bfªsf ;b: o / fdk;fb u} / ] , ;fljs u9jf uflj;sf k"jc { WoIf tyf ;dfh;] jL a'l4hLjL eujtLk;fb zdf{, a'l4hLjL bfdf] b/ clwsf/ L / kf6L{sf u9jf ;lrjfno ;b: o x] dGt rf} w/ Lnufotn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . u9jf ufpsld6Lsf ;b: o r"8fdl0f kf} 8] nsf] : jfut dGtAoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng kf6L{sf u9jf ufpkflnsf ;lrj odgf/ fo0f kf] v]n ljZjfF;Ún] ug'e { Psf] lyof] . To: t} g] skf t'n;Lk'/ pkxfgu/ sld6Ln] u/ ] sf] sfo{qmddf s] GbLo ;b: o efujt ljZjf;L, k"j; { lrj 5ljnfn cf] nL, zf] ef/ fd a: g] t, t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/ kflnsfsf kd'v 3gZofd kf08] , k"jd { ] o/ 9'08L/ fh nfld5fg] , kb] z sld6L ;b: o / fdhL rf} w/ L -ldng_ lhNnf sld6L ;b: ox? Zofd 8fuL, s[i0fk;fb e'; ' fn, dgf] x/ a'9fyf] sL, ljgf] b zdf{nufotn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ;lrj dfwj cf] nLn] ug'e { Psf] lyof] . aaO{ ufpkflnsfdf cfof] lht sfo{qmddf g] skf bfªsf cWoIf l6sf/ fd v8\sf, kb] z ;b: o eLdjxfb'/ cf] nL, lhNnf ;b: o tyf ufpkflnsf pkfWoIf ;fljqf ljZjsdf{, r"0f{axfb'/ cf] nL, cfhfb v8\ sf, k] daxfb'/ yfkfnufotn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . jQmf x?n] dbg e08f/ Ln] g] kfnsf] sDo'lgi6 cfGbf] ngdf k'¥ofPsf] of] ubfgsf] rrf{ u/ ] sf lyP . g] skf aaO{ ufpkflnsf cWoIf hLtaxfb'/ cf] nLsf] cWoIftfdf sfo{qmd ePsf] lyof] . o;}u/L zflGtgu/ df kflnsf cWoIf z] / axfb'/ e08f/ Lsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf ;f+;b lx/ frGb s] ;L, kb] z ;b: o zf/ bf : j0f{sf/ , lhNnf ;b: o vs{ ;'gf/ , g] kjxfb'/ / f] sf, / flwsf kl/ of/ , lji0f' s] ;L, j8fWoIf wgjxfb'/ s] ;L,

ah] 6 dfu u/ ] sf 5f} + M gu/ kd'v : ju{åf/ L cf>ddf jif] {lg kfr nfveGbf a9L ko{6s cfpg] ub{5g\ . : ju{åf/ Ldf s] xL jif{otf bz{gfyL{x? a9] sf 5g\ . )&% ;fnel/ df tLg nfv %) xhf/ eGbf a9L bz{gfyL{n] : ju{åf/ L bz{g u/ ] sf] Onfsf kx/ L sfof{no : ju{åf/ Lsf kx/ L gfoj lg/ LIfs xl/ axfb'/ a: g] tn] atfpg'eof] . cl3Nnf jif{x?df eGbf )&% ;fndf bz{gfyL{x? a9] sf] pxfn] atfpg'eof] . kl5Nnf] jif{ g] kfnsf w] / } lhNnf;u} ef/ tsf ljleGg If] qaf6 a9L dfqfdf tLy{ofqL cfpg] u/ ] sf] pxf atfpg'x'G5 . lgdf{0f ug{ afsL / x] sf] wd{zfnfsf] sfdnfO{ k"0f{tf lbg ljleGg lgsfoddf ah] 6 dfusf nflu kxn ul/ Psf] : ju{åf/ L gu/ kflnsfsf kd'v g] qaxfb'/ / f] sfon] atfpg'eof] . gu/ kflnsfaf6 afsL sfdsf] k'gM nfut l: 6d] 6 tof/ kfg] { sfd ;DkGg ul/ Psf] pxFn] atfpg'eof] .

lkdnfn cf] nL, lul/ / fh a: g] t, 6Lsf/ fd l/ hfnn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng jL/ ] Gb h} zLn] ug'e { Psf] lyof] . o;}u/L / fhk'/ ufpkflnsfdf cfof]lht sfo{qmddf kb] z ;b: o n] v/ fh / ] UdL, / fhk'/ ufpkflnsf j8f g+=+ ! sf cWoIf lji0f' a'9f, @ sf cWoIf b'uf{k;fb zdf{, / fhk'/ ufp sld6L ;b: o, ;Ltf ofbj, ch'g{ g] kfnLnufotn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . g] skf / fhk'/ ufpkflnsf cWoIf rqmaxfb'/ v8\sfsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng { Psf] ;lrj z+s/ rf} w/ Ln] ug'e lyof] . sfo{qmddf 3gZofd rf} w/ L, df] xg ljsnufotn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . o;}u/L a+unfr'nLdf kflnsf cWoIf 8f] dfsfGt sj/ sf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf g] skf bfªsf ;lrj ;'jf; k'g, j8f g+= $ sf cWoIf gf/ fo0f 8fuLnufotn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . To:t} b+uLz/0fdf cfof]lht sfo{qmddf g] skfsf kb] z sld6L ;b: o lul/ / fh s] ;L / lhNnf ;b: o x'sd' axfb'/ a: g] tn] ;lxbx?sf] OR5fzlQmnfO{ dg{ glbO{ dfu{ bz{gsf ?kdf lnO{ klZrd If] qdf g] skfsf] vDaf uf8\ g'kg] { atfpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf g] skfsf lhNnf ;b: ox? ;Ldf Gof} kfg] , PdPg zfxnufotn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . b+uLz/ 0f ufpkflnsfsf g] skfsf cWoIf e/ t clwsf/ Lsf] cWoIftf Pj+ kb] z sld6Lsf ;b: o lul/ / fh s] ;Lsf] kd'v cfltYotf tyf g] skfsf x'sd' axfb'/ a: g] tsf] ljlzi6 cfltYotfdf : d[lt ;ef ;DkGg ePsf] xf] . sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ufpkflnsf ;lrj wgjL/ rf} w/ Ln] ug'e { Psf] lyof] .

vfg]kfgLsf]=== ;d: of v] Kg'' kl/ / x] sf] 5 . h'g 6f] nn] jif{]lg vfg] kfgLsf] ;d: of em] Nb} cfPsf 5g\ . ;d: of ;dfwfgsf nflu ljleGg sfo{qmd, of] hgfnufotsf sfd klg gePsf xf] Ogg\ t/ tL sfo{qmdn] tL 6f] nx?;Dd cem} vfg] kfgL k'¥' ofpg ;s] sf 5} gg\ . df] 6/ nufpg b] vfl;sL udL{ a9] ;u} vfg] kfgL s] xL ck'u' b] lvP klg df] 6/ kof] usf sf/ 0f 3f] / fxLdf vfg] kfgLsf] s[lqd cefj l;h{gf x'b} uO/ x] sf] 3f] / fxL vfg] kfgL tyf ;/ ;kmfO pkef] Qmf ;+: yfsf cWoIf b] jLaxfb'/ l8;Ln] atfpg'e ' of] . pxfn] eGg'e ' of] pkef] Qmfx? o: tf x'g' x' G' 5 ls df] 6/ nufpg'' x'b} g eg] / ;Demfpg] xf] Og To;n] nufof] d} n] nufP s] x'G' 5 eGg] ;f] r 5 .Ú h;n] ubf{ kfgLsf] xfxfsf/ eO/ x] sf] 5 . n's ' Ln'sL pkef] Qmfd} df] 6/ nufpg] klt: kwf{ rln/ x] sfn] vfg] kfgLsf] r/ d ;d: of l;h{gf x'b' } uO/ x] sf] pxfn]

atfpg'e ' of] . n'lsl5kL 3/ } lkR5] ] df] 6/ kof] u u/ L kfgL tfGg] kj[lQn] 3f] / fxLdf kfgLsf] cefj l;h{gf u/ ] sf] ] pxfn] atfpg'e ' of] . hnjfo' kl/ jt{g;u} kfgLsf d'xfg ;'Sb} uO/ x] klg udL{n] cem kfgLsf] ;f] t 36fpb} nlu/ x] sf] ;dodf df] 6/ kof] un] cem ;d: of yk] sf] pxfsf] egfO 5 . df] 6/ kof] u gu/ ] udL{ ;dodf klg 3f] / fxLnfO{ kz: t} kfgL k'Ug] pxfsf] egfO 5 . *) kltzt vfg] kfgLsf] ;d: of df] 6/ kof] u ag] sf] 5 . sf/ jfxLdf kl/ Pnf lg < df] 6/ kof] un] vfg] kfgLsf] s[lqd cefj l;h{gf ul/ / x] sfn] To;f] gug{ ;+: yfn] cfd pkef] QmfnfO{ ;fj{hlgs ;"rgfdfkm{t ;r] t u/ fO ;s] sf] ;+: yfsf cWoIf l8;Ln] atfpg'e ' of] . df] 6/ kof] u g} vfg] kfgLsf] ;d: ofsf] kd'v sf/ 0f alg/ x] sfn] ;+: yfn] ljz] if ;ldlt lgdf{0f u/ L cg'u' dg ul/ / x] sfn] cg'u' dgsf qmddf df] 6/ kof] u u/ ] sf] e] l6Pdf ;+: yfn] s8f sf/ jfxL ug{] atfpg'e ' of] . df] 6/ hkmtb] lv cfjZos hl/ jfgf;Ddsf] sf/ jfxL ul/ g] pxfn] atfpg'e ' of] . @) kltzt gful/ s vf] nfsf e/ df bfªdf @) kltzt gful/ s cem} vf] nfsf] e/ df aflr/ x] sf] vfg] kfgL tyf ;/ ;kmfO l8lehg sfof{no bfªn] hgfPsf] 5 . @)^* ;fnsf] hgu0fgfcg';f/ s/ Lj Psnfv !) xhf/ gful/ s cem} z'4' vfg] kfgLsf] kx'r aflx/ / x] sf] sfof{nosf Ol~hlgo/ j] bk;fb cfrfo{n] atfpg'e ' of] . zx/ df ;'/ lIft vfg] kfgL kfOknfOg lj: tf/ u/ ] klg ufdL0f ljs6 j: tLdf cem} vfg] kfgLsf] kfOknfOg lj: tf/ ug{ g;s] sf] n] sl/a @) kltzt gful/ s cem} vf] nfsf] kfgL vfg'k' g{] afWotfdf / x] sf] pxfn] atfpg'e ' of] . vfg] kfgL ;d: of ;dfwfgsf nflu ;+3, kb] z / : yfgLo txn] 5'§' f5'§' } of] hgf lgdf{0fsf] sfd ul/ / x] klg tL of] hgfdf kof{Kt ah] 6 lalgof] hg x'g' g;Sbf tLa?kdf sfof{Gjog x'g' g;Sbf zx/ b] lv ufp;Dd vfg] kfgLsf] ;d: of jif{]lg r'lnb} uO/ x] sf] pxfn] atfpg'e ' of] . pxfn] eGg'e ' of] ;+3sf %^ / kb] zsf $# j6f vfg] kfgL of] hgf sfof{Gjog r/ 0fdf 5g\ . t/ tLatf kfpg ;s] sf 5} gg\ . h;sf] d'Vo sf/ 0f ah] 6 cefj b] lvG5 .Ú bfªsf] kxf8L tyf gfsf If] qsf ljs6 j: tLx?n] of] ;d: of ef] Ug'' kl/ / x] sf] pxfn] atfpg'e ' of] . ;d: of ;dfwfgsf nflu ;/ sf/ n] clwsf+z lnkm\6 of] hgf lgdf{0f u/ ] klg ah] 6 cefjsf sf/ 0f tLatfsf ;fy ;DkGg ug{ g;lsPsf] pxfn] atfpg'e ' of] .


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afv]sf] af6f] k'gM ;~rfngdf q cf] k] Gb a: g] t t'n;Lk'/ , # h] 7 . t'n;Lk'/ sf] km"naf/ Ll: yt s'6Laf6 afv] , k"j{–klZrd / fhdfu{, afË] tfn x“'b} ef} jfgfsf hf] 8\g] g] q–>Ldl0f : d[ltdfu{sf] 6«ofs vf] lnPsf] 5 . ;+3Lo ;f+;b lx/ frGb s] ;Lsf] If] q ljsf; sf] ifaf6 ljlgof] lht #% nfv ah] 6af6 ;a} eGbf k'/ fgf] ;8ssf] 6«ofs vf] lnPsf] xf] . t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfug/ kflnsf–!# sf] km"naf/ L l: yt s'6Laf6 k"j{– klZrd / fhdfu{l: yt afË] tfn;Ddsf] b'/ L ;f9] gf} lsnf] ld6/ 5 . of] ;8snfO{ dfgk'/ , lahf} / L, l5NnLsf] 6 x'“b} / f] Nkfsf] hnhnf;“u hf] 8\g] u/ L : yfgLo, kb] z / ;+3Lo ;/ sf/ n] tof/ L u/ ] sf 5g\ . cldlnof t'n;Lk'/ ;8s v08eGbf g] q–>Ldl0f : d[lt dfu{ sd hf] lvdk"0f{ / 5f] 6f] b"/ Lsf] 5 . …cldlnof t'n;Lk'/ ;8s v08 h: tf] 8/ nfUbf] kxf8, eL/ / cK7] / f] of] ;8s 5} gÚ– t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/ kflnsfsf Ol~hlgo/ kjg of] uLn] eGg'eof] – …sd nfutdf of] ;8s / fdf] / km/ flsnf] agfpg ;lsG5 .Ú ;8snfO{ rf} 8f / kSsL gfnf agfpg cfufdL jif{ Ps s/ f] 8 ah] 6 ljlgof] hg ug] { ;+3Lo ;f+;b

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lx/ frGb s] ;Ln] hfgsf/ L lbg'eof] . tTsfnLg ;dodf ;/ sf/ sf] cf“vf gnfu] sf sf/ 0f ;lhnf] / 5f] 6f] b"/ Lsf] af6f] aGb eP klg ca tLg} txsf ;/ sf/ sf] Wofg uPsfn] of] af6f] k"0f{?kdf ;~rfngdf cfpg] ;f+;b s] ;Ln] bfaL ug'{eof] . ;8ssf] l8lkcf/ ug{ lgb] {zg o;} aLr ;8ssf] cg'udgdf hfg'ePsf t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/ kflnsfsf kd'v 3gZofd kf08] n] ;8ssf] l8lkcf/ tof/ ug{ lgb] {zg lbg'ePsf] 5 . cg'udgdf ;xefuL kfljlwssf] 6f] nLnfO{ lgb] {zg lbb} kd'v kf08] n] of] ;8s ;~rfngdf cfPdf l5NnLsf] 6, : ju{åf/ L / hnhnf k'Ug cfGtl/ s tyf afx\o ko{6snfO{ clt ;xh x'g] atfpg'eof] . ;8ssf] : t/ f] Ggltsf nflu o;} jif{ ah] 6 5'6\ofpg] kd'v kf08] n] atfpg'eof] . #) jif{ cl3 ;~rfngdf cfP klg s] xL ;dokl5 aGb ePsf] ;8s g] skfsf g] tfx?sf] kxndf k'gM lgdf{0f sfo{ z'? ePkl5 bfªjf;L v'zL ePsf 5g\ . tTsfnLg c~rnfwLznfO{ dfgk'/ ahf/ df a: gsf nflu hUuf glbPkl5 dfgk'/ ahf/ b] lv avl/ of x'“b} k"j{–klZrd / fhdfu{ hf] 8\g] ;8ssf]

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cfo' ;dfKt kfg] { sfd ePsf] ;8s lgdf{0fdf ;lqmo / x] sf g] skfsf o'jf g] tf dgf] x/ a'9fyf] sLn] atfpg'eof] . c~rnfwLz sfof{no t'n;Lk'/ df cfPkl5 afv] sf] af6f] sf] ljsNkdf t'n;Lk'/ cldlnof ;8s v08sf] lgdf{0f ul/ Psf] xf] . #) jif{cl3 k~rfotsfndf tTsfnLg kwfgk~rn] bfªsf xhf/ f} hgtfnfO{ p7fP/ hg>dbfgaf6 afv] sf] af6f] vgfPsf lyP . g] kfnu~h hfg klZrd bfªaf6 3f] / fxL, ndxL x'“b} cldlnof cfpg nfdf] b"/ L kg] { ePsfn] of] ;8snfO{ j} slNks dfu{sf ?kdf lgdf{0f ul/ Psf] tLg bzscl3 ;8s lgdf{0fdf ;xefuL t'n;Lk'/ – * cZjf/ fsf / f] j/ l;+x lj;Ln] hfgsf/ L lbg'eof] . …d @) jif{sf] x'“bf l;GsL, cfn' / rfdn af] s] / b'O{ / ft a;] / af6f] vg] sf] x'“Ú– lj;Ln] eGg'eof] – …clxn] d %) jif{sf] eP“ . cfkm"n] >d / k;Lgf aufP/ vg] sf] k'/ fgf] af6f] km] l/ ;~rfngdf cfp“b} 5 eg] sf] ;'Gbf v'zL nfUof] .Ú

gu/ kd'v 3gZofd kf08] n] hgtfsf] : j: y / xg] clwsf/ sf] / Iff ug pkdxfgu/ kltj4 / x] sf] jtfpg'eof] . sfo{qmdsf kd'v cltly kf08] n] hgtfsf] : jf: Yo / fdf] eP dfq} ljsf; / ;d[l4 ;Dej x'g] atfpg'eof] . pkkd'v dfof cfrfo{n] jly{Ë ;] G6/ nfO{ @$ ;} 306f ;~rfng ug{ t'n;Lk'/ b'u{dsf]=== pkdxfgu/ kflnsfsf tkm{af6 gful/ s, ;'Ts] / L, ckfËnfO{ %) h'g;'s} ;xof] u ug{ tof/ / x] sf] atfpg'eof] . j8f gDj/ kltzt 5'6 lbOg] 5 . jly{ª ;] G6/ : yfkgf @ sf j8fWoIf Pj+ : jf: Yo x'g'eGbf cufl8 ;'Ts] / L ;ldlt ;+of] hs / fh' cfrfo{n] g} x'gsf nflu t'n;Lk'/ df pkdxfgu/ kflnsfel/ / x] sf] kfb] lzs c: ktfn d} : jf: Yo ;+: yfx?sf] ;] jf hfg'kg] { afWotf lyof] . ;dod} ;'wf/ df Wofg lbg] atfpg'eof] . j8fWoIf / fdaxfb'/ ;'Ts] / LnfO{ c: ktfn k'¥ofpg g;Sbf s} of} sf] Hofg hfg] of] uLsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] g] skf kb] z u/ ] sf] lyof] . o;eGbf cufl8 sfo{qmddf pkdxfgu/ kflnsfn] km"njf/ L, sld6Lsf ;b: o 6f] k] Gb vqL, 8'?jf, p/ x/ L, dfgk'/ , sf+u] ;sf g] tf lxdaxfb'/ 8f“uL, kjggu/ nufotsf 7fp“df : jf: Yo : jo+;] ljsf / ] vf / f] sf, jly{Ë ;] G6/ : yfkgf ul/ ;s] sf] s'l6rf} / dfljsf kc uf] kfn : jf: Yo zfvf pk;+of] hs lji0f' v8\sf, pkdxfgu/ kflnsfsf k] ; ;+of] hs j;Gt cfrfo{nufotn] lu/ Ln] hfgsf/ L lbg'eof] . pb\3f6g sfo{qmddf af] Nb} af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] .

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