Page 1

CMYK

s]= Pd=P; l8«lnª\ s+= P08 ;Knfo;{ kf= ln= l;+rfO{ tyf vfg]kfgLsf nflu Ps xhf/ lkm6;Dd 6\o'j]n lgdf{0f, sDk];/ tyf kDk 6]:6 ;DaGwL ;Dk"0f{ sfd ul/G5 . s]= Pd= P;= l8«lnª\ s+= P08 ;Knfo;{ kf=ln= ndxL g=kf=– & b]pv'/L, bfª ;Dks{ g+= )*@–$@&!)), (*%&*$)^$), (*$&(^^%*@

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(Naya Yugbodh National Daily Jun. 12, 2018)

dlxnfnfO{ lgj{:q kf/L lg3f{t s'6lk6

3f] / fxLdf gSsnL gf] 6 a/fdb 3f] / fxL, @* h] 7 -o';_– 3f] / fxLdf gSsnL ?k} of“sf] sf/f] jf/ x'g] u/] sf] km] nf k/] sf] 5 . 3f] / fxLsf] Ps ef“8f k;nn] ef/tLo ?k} of“ ;f6\bf g] kfnL kf“r ;o ?k} of“ gSsnL lbPkl5 o:tf] tYo aflx/ cfPsf] 5 . 3f] / fxL pk– dxfgu/kflnsf–!$ gof“ ahf/df /x] sf] cf] d ef“8f k;nsf ;~rfns cho u'Ktf / cldt u'Ktfn] a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsf j8f gDa/ @ dk] {; lgjf;L km';L{ k'gnfO{ ;f] djf/ % ;osf !@ j6f gf] 6 lbPsf lyP . 5f] / fn] ef/taf6 k7fPsf] ;f9] ;ft xhf/ ?k} of“ ef? ;6xLsf nflu km';L{ pQm ef“8f k;ndf uPsf] / pgLx?n] kf“r ;o b/sf !@ j6f gSsnL gf]6 lbPsf lyP . pQm k};fn] 3f]/fxL– !* dl;gfsf adaxfb'/ s“j/;“u afn'jf lsGg] qmddf gSsnL gf]6 ePsf] yfxf ePsf] xf] . pQm gSsnL gf] 6 lbg] cho / cldtn] eg] cfkm"x?nfO{ klg ufxsn] lbPsf] bfaL u/] sf 5g\ t/ pgLx?n] laqmL u/] sf] ;fdfgsf] lan gePsf] atfPsf 5g\ . pgLx?nfO{ j8f kx/L sfof{non] lgoGq0fdf lnP/ cg';Gwfg z'? u/] sf] 5 . CMYK

cf] dksfz a'9fyf] sL / P] / fjtL cfbz{ ax'd'vL SofDk;sf kd'v lji0f'k;fb e';fn;d] t k'Ug'eof] . t/ lbndfofdfly s'6lk6 / b'Ao{jxf/ /f] lsPg . 36gfsf] lel8of]df s'6lk6 eO/x“bf s]xL k'?if d'sbz{s eP/ kmls{Psf] b]lvG5 . Onfsf kx/L sfof{nob] lv kf“r ;o ld6/sf] b"/ Ldf 36gf eof] . s] xL a] / df kx/L 36gf:yndf k'Uof] . 36gfsf] uDeL/tf ga'em] / ldnfkq Onfsf kx/L sfof{no efn'afªn] 36gfsf] uDeL/tf ga'em] / ldnfkq u/fPsf] km] nf k/] sf] 5 . 36gf ePs} lbg s'6lk6df ;+nUg / kLl8t b'a} nfO{ ;“u} /fv] / ldnfkq u/fOof] . kx/Ln] s'6lk6 ug{] / kLl8t b'a} nfO{ ;fdfGo em} emu8fsf] ?kdf x] / ] / 5f8\of] . t/ 36gf ePsf] b'O{ lbgkl5 cfO{taf/ lel8of] ;fdflhs ;~hfn km] ;a'sdf efO/n aGof] . clg kx/L, efn'afªaf;L ;a} eml:sg k'u] . lel8of] df dlxnfnfO{ s'6lk6;“u} p;sf] cl:dtf;“u v] njf8 u/] sf] b[Zo b] v] kl5 Onfsf kx/L sfof{no efn'afªn] s'6lk6df ;+nUg AolQmnfO{ cfOtjf/ kqmfp u¥of] . …lel8of] x] / ] / dfq} yfxf eof] Toxf“ dlxnfdfly 7"n} cTofrf/ ePsf] /x] 5 . xfdLnfO{ 36gfsf] :j?kaf/] s;} n] atfPsf] lyPg . :jo+ kLl8tn] klg v'n:t s'/ f /fVg g;Sbf z'?df b'a} ldn] / uPsf] cj:yf lyof] . t/ lel8of] efO/n ag] kl5 xfdLn] kqmfp u/] sf 5f} +Ú– Onfsf kx/L sfof{no efn'afªsf kx/L kd'v /jLGb/fh kf08] n] eGg'eof] – …;fj{hlgs 7fp“df dlxnfdfly s'6lk6 ul/Psf] , cl:dtf dfly v] njf8 u/] sf] kfOPsf] 5 . 36gfdf ;+nUg

kLl8sdfly sfg"g cg';f/ sf/jfxL u5f} +{ .Ú km] ;a'sdf lel8of] ;fj{hlgs ePkl5 :yfgLo kqsf/ dx] z l/hfnn] kx/L kd'v kf08] sf] Wofgfsif{0f u/fpg' ePsf] lyof] . lel8of] df 36gf eO/x] sf] ;dodf cGo AolQmx? jl/kl/ eP klg kx/LnfO{ va/ gu/] sf] kx/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 . …Tolt 7"nf] cdfgjLo 36gf ePsf] af/] df s;} n] klg k"0f{ hfgsf/L lbPg . ;fdfGo em} emu8fsf] ?kdf atfOof] Ú– kf08] n] eGg'eof] – …lel8of] x] / ] kl5 aNn yfxf eof] .Ú d'2f sdhf]/ kfl/of] Onfsf kx/L sfof{no efn'afªn] k'gdfly s'6lk6 / cdfgjLo Jojxf/ ug{] b'O{hgflj?4 s] xL ;fj{hlgs ck/fw zLif{sdf dfq} d'2f btf{ u/] sf] 5 . ;fj{hlgs :yndf dlxnfdfly s'6lk6 / cdfgjLo Jojxf/ u/] sf] lel8of] kdf0fsf] ?kdf eP klg kx/Ln] ;fdfGo ks[ltsf] d'2f btf{ u/] sf] 5 . ;f] djf/ kx/L sfof{nodf lbge/ kLl8tsf cfkmGt / :yfgLo dlxnfx?n] 3] / fp ub{} Hofg dfg]{ pBf]udf d'2f btf{ ug{ dfu u/]sf lyP . …36gfsf] ks[lt x] / ] / s] xL ;fj{hlgs ck/fw zLif{sdf d'2f btf{ u/] sf xf} +Ú– kx/L kd'v kf08] n] eGg'eof] – …kLl8tnfO{ Gofo lbnfpg kx/Ln] d'2f btf{ u/] / cl3 a9] sf] 5 .Ú kLl8tsf s'/ f cf“vf /;fPsf 5g\ . dgdf 8/ To:t} 5 . Ps kfOnf lx“8b\ f klg vf]Rofpg'k5{ . ;f]]djf/ Onfsf kx/L sfof{no efn'afªdf ph'/L lbg cfPsL c3f{vf“rL zLtu+uf gu/kflnsf j8f g+= ( 7f8f]vf]nf lgjf;L #( jifL{of lbndfof k'g efn'afª a;kfs{df ePsf] 36gf ;Dembf cem} t;{gx' G' 5 . >Ldfg / cfkmGtsf] ;fy nfu] / k'g kx/L sfof{nodf cfkm"dfly s'6lk6 ug{] / cdfgjLo Aojxf/ ug{] x?dfly sf/jfxLsf] dfu ug{ kx/L sfof{no cfpg'ePsf] xf] . ;fdflhs ;~hfn km] ;a'sdf lbndfofdfly ePsf] cdfgjLo Aojxf/ tyf s'6lk6 eO/x] sf] lel8of] ;fj{hlgs ePkl5 s'6lk6df ;+nUgnfO{ sfg'gL sf/jfxLsf] bafa k/] sf] xf] . lel8of] o;/L eof] efO/n kx/Ln] ;fdfGo 36gfsf] ?kdf x] / ] sf] efn'afª 36gf ;fdflhs ;~hfn km] ;a'sdfkm{t t/ªlut aGg k'Uof] . 36gf eO/x] sf] lel8of] efn'afª lgjf;L l/t' /fgfn] cfkm\gf] km] ;a's jfndf kf] i6 u/] kl5 /ftf/ft efO/n aGof] . kx/Ln] 36gfdf ;+nUg dlxnfx?nfO{ kqmfp u/L sf/jfxLsf] bfo/fdf Nofpg ;kmn eof] . s'6lk6df ;+nUg /]vf u'Ktf 36gf ePsf] ef]lnkN6 g]kfn /fli6«o dflj efn'jfªdf ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldlt ;b:o lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt ePsf] tYo klg v'n]sf] 5 .

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3f] / fxL, @* h] 7 . 3f] / fxL–!& s6xLsL nfvL rf} w/Lsf] sfgdf clxn] klg vlnofgdf >Ldfg dfly ;] gfn] a;f{Psf] uf] nLsf] cfjfh u'l~hG5 . @)%* ;fn d+l;/ !# ut] vlnofgdf wfg bfO/x] sf ;j{;fwf/0f ls;fgdfly g] kfnL ;] gfn] uf] nL a;f{p“bf nfvLsf >Ldfg l;tnf rf} w/L;lxt !! hgfn] d[To'j/0f u/] . ;z:q åGå rln/x] sf] a] nf hf] sf] xL klg TotL a] nf c;'/ lIft lyP . To;} sf] lg;fgfdf lgxYof ls;fgx? uf] nLsf] lzsf/ eP . nfvLn] >Ldfgn] Hofg u'dfPkl5 Ifltk"lt{jfktsf] !) nfv ?k} of“ ;/sf/af6 kfpg'eof] . …ljgfsf/0f ;] gfn] uf] nL 7f] s] / >LdfgnfO{ df¥of] . kl5 !) nfv lbP/ zfGt aGg';\ eGof] . clxn] ;Dd d] / f >LdfgnfO{ ljgfsf/0f dfg] {nfO{ sf/jfxL eof] /] eg] sf] ;'g] sf] 5} gÚ– pxf“n] eGg'of] – …k} ;fn] >Ldfgsf] d"No tf] Sof] t/ clxn] ;Dd xTof/fnfO{ sf/jfxL ePsf] ;'g] sf] 5} g . slxn] x'G5 sf/jfxL <Ú …b'O{ ls:tf !) nfv lbPsf] xf] ToxL k} ;fn] 5f] / fsf] pkrf/ eof] / s] xL ar] sf] k} ;fn] hUuf lsg] sf] 5'Ú– nfvLn] eGg'eof] – …hlt a] nf klg ofbn] ;tfp“5 t/ s] ug'{ lagfsf/0f >Ldfgsf]

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www.nayayougbodh.com

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q cfef; a'9fyf]sL 3f] / fxL, @* h] 7 . 3f] / fxL–!& a8x/fsL dLgf yfkf 3/ agfpg] ld:qLsf] sfd ul5{g\ . lbge/ aflx/ 3fddf dh'b/Ld} laTg] pgsf] b} lgs hLjg olta] nf a9\bf] udL{sf sf/0f lgs} si6s/ ag] sf] 5 . …lbge/ 3fddf tflQP/ sfd ug'{k5{Ú– pgn] elgg\– …udL{ a9] sf] a9\o} 5 . sfd ug{ ;fx} ufxf] ePsf] 5 .Ú a9\bf] udL{n] z/L/ unfpg] x“'bf cfkm"h:tf sfd u/L vfg] dfG5] nfO{ ;d:of x'g] pgL atfp“l5g\ . To:t} udL{ a9] ;“u} Jofkf/ klg sd x'g] Jofkf/L ;'jf; b] jsf] 6f atfp“5g\ . …udL{ / pD;f] plQs} a9] sf] 5Ú– pgn] eg] – … dflg;x? aflx/ lx“8\g ;Sg] cj:yf 5} g . h;n] ubf{ Jofkfl/s sf/f] jf/ ;d] t 36] sf] 5 .Ú bfªdf udL{sf sf/0f olta] nf hghLjg si6s/ aGb} uPsf] 5 . a9\bf] tfkqmd;“u} pD;f] sf sf/0f aflx/ lx“8\g / nfdf] b"/ Lsf] ofqf ug{] x?nfO{ lgs} sl7gfO{ x'g] u/] sf] ;j{;fwf/0fn] atfPsf 5g\ . To:t} Hofnfdhb'/ L u/L vfg] x?nfO{ ;fx} ;d:of x'g] u/] sf] 5 . hnjfo' tyf df} ;d lj1fg ljefu lkmN8 sfof{no bfªsf cg';f/ o; jif{s} clwstd tfkqmd h] 7 !$ ut] #& l8uL ;] lN;o; /x] sf] lyof] eg] Pe/] h tfkqmd ##=%÷#^ l8uL ;] lN;o; /x] sf] 5 . ;f]djf/ klg #^ l8uL ;] lN;o; tkqmd dfkg ul/Psf] lyof] . sfof{no kd'v /fh's'df/ ld>n] bfªsf] tfkqmd kTo] s lbg a[l4 eO/x] sf] atfpg'eof] . a9\bf] kb"if0f, pBf] u snsf/vfgfsf] a[l4, jgh+un km8fgL / zx/Ls/0fsf sf/0f x'g] hnjfo' kl/jt{gn] ] tfkqmd a9\b} uPsf] pxf“ atfpg'x'G5 . g] kfndf !) h'gb] lv z'? x'g] dg;'g cem} z'? gePsf] x'“bf klg udL{ dx;'; eO/x] sf] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] . …dg;'g z'? x'g] nIf0f b] lvPsf] 5Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …t/ cem} z'? eO;s] sf] 5} g . ;DejtM s] xL lbgd} dg;'g z'?

x'g] 5 .Ú pxf“sf cg';f/ dg;'g z'? eP;“u} kfgL kg{] / tfkqmd 36] / zLtn dx;'; x'g] 5 . c:ktfndf la/fdL a9] lhNnfdf a9] sf] udL{sf sf/0f c:ktfndf la/fdLx?sf] rfk a9] sf] 5 . /fKtL pkIf] qLo c:ktfn 3f] / fxLdf dfq} pkrf/sf nflu cfpg] x?sf] ;+Vof lbgkltlbg a9\b} uO/x] sf] 5 . tLg xKtfotf dfq} udL{sf sf/0f b} lgs Ps ;oeGbf a9L la/fdLx? cfpg] u/] sf] c:ktfn] hfgsf/L lbof] . cfOtjf/ dfq} c:ktfndf Ps ;o %% hgf la/fdLx? cfPsf] c:ktfn ;f] tn] hgfPsf] 5 . c:ktfndf sfo{/ t lkmlhl;Pg 8f= hLtgf/fo0f ofbjn] udL{sf sf/0f la/fdL x'g] sf] ;+Vof w] / } /x] sf] atfpg'eof] . pxf“sf cg';f/ udL{sf sf/0f olt a] nf Hj/f] cfpg] , 6fpsf] b'Vg] , emf8f kvfnf x'g] , k] 6 b'Vg] , 6fOkmfO8 ePsf lj/fdLx? a9L cfpg] u/] sf 5g\ . …3fddf a9L lx“8\g', cz'4 kfgL lkpg'h:tf sf/0fn] g} la/fdLx? a9] sf 5g\Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] . To:t} ndxL c:ktfndf klg la/fdLx?sf] ;+Vof a9] sf] 8f= ljdn] zs'df/ u'Ktf atfpg'x'G5 . …cTolws udL{sf sf/0f c:ktfndf la/fdLx? a9] sf 5g\Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – … olta] nf c:ktfndf b} lgs ^) b] lv *) hgf la/fdLx? cfp“5g\ .Ú pxf“sf cg';f/ ck:tfndf emf8fkvfnf, 6fOkmfO8, nfdv'§]sf] 6f]sfOaf6 x'g] la/fdLx?, :jf; k:jf;;DaGwLsf la/fdLx? a9L cfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . udL{ ofddf vfgf rf“8f] lalug] ePsfn] To:tf vfgf vf“bf, cz'4 kfgL lkp“bf ljleGg /f]u / udL{df a9L 3'dlkm/ ubf{ klg o:tf la/fdL kg{] u/]sf] pxf“n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . udL{ofddf nfUg] /f] ux?af6 aRg ;/;kmfOdf a9L Wofg lbg'kg{] 8fS6/x? atfp“5g\ . pdfn] sf] kfgL lkpg] , af;L ;8] un] sf vfgf gvfg] h:tf ;fdfGo ;/;kmfOdf Wofg lbP /f] syfd ug{] ;lsg] pgLx?n] atfP .

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/ kfs{ < l5§} agfOlbP To;} nfO{ x] / ] / / km"n r9fP/ eP klg dg zfGt x'g] lyof] xf] nfÚ– df] tLn] eGg'eof] . df] tLsf] kl/jf/n] klg d[ts hf] uL rf} w/Lsf] ;Demgfdf rf/ s6\7f hUuf lsg] sf] 5 . ls;fg kl/jf/ ePsf sf/0f / v] td} sfd ub} { ubf{ d[To'a/0f u/] sf sf/0f klg ;;'/ fsf] gfddf df6f] lrgf] /fVg rf/ s6\7f hUuf lsg] sf 5f} +Ú– df] tLn] efj's x'“b} eGg'eof] . s6xL ufp“sf kLl8t kl/jf/n] Ifltk"lt{ jfkt kfPsf] /sdn] hUuf lsg] / df6f] nfO{ lrgf] /fv] sf 5g\ . …xfdL ;a} ls;fg lyof} + / d[tsx?sf] ;Demgfdf ;a} n] hUuf af“sL clGtd k]hdf:  

sG:6«Szgsf nflu ;Dk"0f{ ;le{;x? Ps} dha'tL / u'0f:t/df lrGtf 5f8L sG:6«Szg ;'k/dfs]{6, sG:6«Szgsf cgfjZos C0faf6 aRg / z'?d} 7fpFdf -%) eGbf a9L bIf / cg'ejL 9'Ss x'g'sf nflu Nofj6]i6 ;'ljwf, nflu z'?b]lv cGTo;Ddsf] ;Dk"0f{ /fdf] / plrt cfly{s of]hgf Ol~hlgo/x?, 7]s]bf/x?, On]lS6«l;og, -lu§L, afn'jf, lkn/ OF§f, uf/f ;fduLsf] !%) ljljlw ;]Dknx? agfpg cfkm"n] agfpg rfx]sf] KnDa/, k]G6/x? cflb / !)) eGbf a9L clg 9nfO{sf] dha'tL / u'0f:t/sf] 5fgL 5fgL Ps} 7fpFdf 3/sf] ;Dk"0f{ vr{sf] OsHofS6 sfdbf/x? Nofadf 6]i6_ Oli6d]6 z'?d} tkfOFsf] xftdf .

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w] / } s'/ f :ki6 kfb{5 . e"–w/ftnLo ljljwtfn] ubf{ ljZjd} 7"nf] h} ljs ljljwtfn] el/k"0f{, hn;f] tsf] cTolws wgL / gof“ -oË] i6 dfp06] lgo;_ kj{tLo w/ftnsf sf/0fn] cg] s /TghGo ax'd"No vlgh kbfy{x?sf] klg cToflws 7"nf] dfqf /x] sf] / o'/ ] lgod h:tf] ax'd"No wft'sf] ;d] t vfgL /x] sf] n] ubf{ xfdf] b] z b"t ultdf, lskmfotL9+un] , rf“8f] eGbf rf“8f] ljsf; x'g ;Sg] cg] s ;Defjgfx? ljBdfg 5g\ . t/ ltgsf] vf] hL, ;Da4{g, ;+/ If0f / kl/rfng ug] { /fHosf] gLlt g} ePg / ul/Pg . clxn] ;Ddsf ljsf; kof;n] ltgnfO{ 5'g;Dd klg ;s] g of 5'g g} rfx] g of kfPg . To;n] ubf{ kfs[lts df} ;dL v] tLkftLdf lge{/ /x] sf] xfdf] b] z cg's"n df} ;d x'“bf a9L pTkfbg x'g] / v'zL x'g] tyf klts"n df} ;d x'“bf xfxfsf/ dlRrg] h:tf] l:yltdf 6flS;g afWo aGb} cfof] . clg lxhf] yf] / } hg;+Vof vfBfGg lgof{t ug] { b] zn] w] / } hg;+Vof a[l4 eP/ bf] Aa/ x'“bf lgof{tsf] ;f6f] cfoft ug'{kg] { l:ylt pTkGg eof] . lsgls hg;+Vof a[l4sf] cg'kftdf cfjZos vfBfGg afnLgfnLsf] pTkfbg x'g ;s] g / ;Sg] agfpg] lt/ cfjZos Wofg /fHo / ;/sf/x?n] lbPgg\ . jf:tjdf s[lif, pBf] u, Aofkf/, lzIff, :jf:Yo, ko{6g, jg, jftfj/0f / oftfoftnufotsf kfoM ;a} If] qsf] ;Gt'lnt, ;'b[9 / lbuf] ljsf;sf lgldQ ;a} eGbf cfjZos pmhf{– ljB'tsf] cfjZostf 5 . To;sf] lgldQ xfdf] b] zsf] hn;f] t xfdf] ;a} eGbf e/kbf] {, lbuf] / ljZj;gLo ;f] t xf] / 5 . t/ o;sf] /fli6«o lxtdf pkof] u u/] / g] kfnsf] sfofkn6 ug] { lbzf lng'eGbf klg gbL gfnfx? ef/t ;/sf/ Tof] b] zsf

s] xL sDkgLx?nfO{ ;'lDkP/ k} ;f sdfpg ;lsG5 eGg] cljZj;gLo / yf] qf ukm lbPsf] bzsf} + laTof] . t/ Tof] v] / uO/x] sf] hn;f] t g] kfnsf] lxtdf ko'Qm ug] { s'g} 7f] ;, kefjsf/L / kl/0ffdbfoL kl/of] hgf kl/rfng ug] {lt/ s'g} uDeL/ Wofg lbOPg . a? tL gbL gfnfaf6 sldzgsf] hf] xf] ug] { lgxLt p2] Zon] gbLgfnfx?sf] ck/fbzL{, cljZjgLo / cjfl~5t ;lGw ;Demf} tfx? ug] { / lsrnf] lgsfNg] sfd dfq} ul/b} cfof] . To;sf] kl/0ffd g] kfndf hn ljB'tsf] pTkfbg Psflt/ Ps xhf/ d] ufjf6 klg k'Ug ;s] sf] 5} g eg] l;+rfO{ klg v] tLof] Uo hldgsf] s] jn @) kltzteGbf dfly x'g ;ls/x] sf] 5} g . clxn] ;Ddsf] 7"nf] /fhgLlts kl/jt{gkl5 ;Qfdf cfPsf ;a} /ªsf ;/sf/x?n] klg pxL unt k'/ fg} k/Dk/fnfO{ hf] 8tf] 8n] cl3 a9fpg] sfd u/] kl5 ;d:of emg hl6n eP/ uPsf] 5 / g] kfnL hgtf tyf /fi6«sf] lxtdf oL ;d:ofx?sf] ;dfwfg x'g] s'/ f emg–emg 6f9f x'“b} uPsf] 5 . g] kfn lg/Gt/ lbgxLg /lx/xg' / ;d[l4sf] d"n af6f] df cl3 a9\g g;Sg'sf] d"n sf/0f g} oxL oyfl:yltjfbL lrGtg / ;+lbUw rl/q xf] . clg o:tf] l:yltdf cfd"n? ;'wf/ Nofpg] , cfd hgtfnfO{ hu} b] lv p7fpg :jzf;gnfO{ Aofks clea[l4 u/L hgtfnfO{ ljsf; lgdf{0fklt ufp“–ufp“b] lv ;r] t, ;lqmo / ;+u7lt lsl;nd] ;~rfng x'g ;Sg] ;+3Lo ;+/ rgf gagfpg] xf] eg] ljsf; / ;d[l4 tyf ;dfhjfbsf] xf] –xNnf klg /fhf dx] Gbn] ;fdGtL clwgfosjfbL k~rfotL Joj:yfaf6} …zf] if0f/xLt ;dfhsf] l;h{gfÚ cyft{ …;dfhjfbÚ Nofpg] u'lnof] s'/ f u/] eGbf s] xL km/s x'g] 5} g . of] k~rfotL z} nLsf] kk~r rnfP/ hgtf / b] znfO{ km] l/ klg wf] sf lbg] / lhNofpg] sfd dfq} x'G5 . o;n] g /fli6«o Pstf, /fli6«otf g /fli6«o ;fj{ef} ldstf / :jfwLgtf g} ;an t'Nofpg d2t ub{5 . o:tf] l:yltdf ;dfhjfbsf] vf] qmf] /fu cnfKg'sf] s'g} cy{ x'“b} g . clg …cy{ g ay{ uf] laGb ufO{Ú eGg] pvfg dfq km] l/ klg rl/tfy{ x'g] 5, 1ft /xf] ;\ † -;'j] bL g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf pkfWoIf x'g'x'G5 ._

pkef]Qmf lxt ;+/If0f;DaGwL ;jfn / xfdf] sfo{ef/ s'g} klg j:t' jf ;] jf pkef] u ug] { JolQm, ;d"x jf lgsfo pkef] Qmf x'g\ . s'g} Pp6f j:t'sf] pTkfbs jf ;] jf kbfos csf] { j:t' jf ;] jfsf] klg pkef] Qmf x'g;S5 . ;+;f/sf ;a} JolQm, ;d"x, lgsfox¿ pkef] Qmf x'g\ . To;} n] pkef] Qmf clwsf/ ;a} dfgj hfltsf] ;/f] sf/sf] ljifo;lxt ;dli6ut?kdf dfgj clwsf/sf] dxTjk"0f{ ljifo /x] sf] 5 . r] tgfsf] ljsf;;“u} cfh pkef] Qmf clwsf/sf] If] q lg/Gt/ lj:tf/ eO/x] sf] 5 . ljZjdf klxnf] k6s ;g\ !(^@ dfr{ !% sf lbg cd] l/sL /fi6«klt hf] g ckm s] g] 8Ln] k:t't u/] sf] ;'/ Iff, ;"rgf, 5gf] 6 / ;'g'jfOnfO{ pkef] Qmfsf rf/ clwsf/sf ?kdf 3f] if0ff ul/Psf] xf] . log} clwsf/sf cfwf/df ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3sf] ;fwf/0f;efaf6 ;g\ !(*% df yk rf/;lxt cf7 clwsf/sf] cg'aGw kfl/t ePsf] lyof] . ;f] xL cfwf/df kTo] s /fi6«n] pkef] Qmf clwsf/ ;DaGwL sfg"g hf/L u/] sf 5g\ . g] kfndf pkef] Qmf ;+/ If0f;DaGwL P] g @)%$, lgod, lgb] {lzsfx¿sf] th'{df eO{ Hff/L ePsf] / pkef] Qmf ;+/ If0f ;DaGwL gLlt, sfg"gx?sf] d:of} bf tof/ u/L hf/L ug{ lg/Gt/ jsfnt ub} { cfPsf] 5 . pkef] Qmf ;+/ If0f kl/ifb\, lhNnf cg'udg ;ldltx¿, lhNnf cfk"lt{ ;ldltx¿, klt:kwf{ af] 8{nufot g] kfn ;/sf/af6 ul7t ljleGg cfof] u ;ldltx¿df pkef] Qmfsf] tkm{af6 kefjsf/L kltlglwTj ub} { cfPsf] 5 . g] kfnsf] ;+;bdf ;+;bLo ;ldltsf] ?kdf pkef] Qmf lxt ;DaGw ;ldltsf] u7g ul/Psf] 5 . g] kfnsf] ;+ljwfg @)&@ sf] wf/f $$ df pkef] Qmfsf] xssf] kfjwfg /xg uO{ lgDg xs kfKt ePsf] 5– -!_ kTo] s pkef] QmfnfO{ u'0f:t/Lo j:t' tyf ;] jf kfKt ug] { xs x'g] 5 . -@_ u'0f:t/xLg j:t' jf ;] jfaf6 Iflt k'u] sf] JolQmnfO{ sfg"gadf] lhd Ifltk"lt{ kfpg] xs x'g] 5 . o; afx] s g] kfn ;/sf/n] cfk"lt{ dGqfnocGtu{t cfk"lt{ Joj:yfkg tyf pkef] Qmf lxt ;DaGw ;+/ If0f ljefu u7g u/] sf] 5 . ;fy} o;;DaGwL P] gnfO{ kl/dfh{g u/L yk xs clwsf/, ;hfo / Ifltk"lt{sf] :ki6 Joj:yf ug{ gof“ pkef] Qmf ;+/ If0f;DaGwL P] gsf] d:of} bf ;+;bLo ;ldltdf k'u] sf] 5 . o; P] gsf] kl/dfh{gdf cfjZos ;'emf, ;Nnfx;lxt P] gnfO{ kfl/t u/fpg xfdL ;a} sf] k} / jL, jsfnt / va/bf/L cfjZos b] lvPsf] 5 . pkef] Qmf clwsf/sf cGt/lglxt cfwf/e"t l;4fGtx¿ M -!_ kTo] s pkef] Qmf cfkm} ;r] t x'g'kb{5 . pkef] QmfnfO{ ;r] t / hfu¿s ug] { bfloTj ;/sf/ tyf j:t' jf ;] jf pTkfbg, cfoft, ;~ro jf laqmLljt/0f ug] { kbfosx¿sf] xf] .\ -@_ j:t' jf ;] jfsf pTkfbs, kbfos jf ljqm] tfx¿ pkef] Qmfklt lhDd] jf/ x'g'kb{5 . -#_ pkef] Qmf geO{ ahf/ ;~rfng gx'g] x'“bf pkef] Qmf ahf/sf ;fj{ef} d x'g\ . To;} n] pkef] QmfnfO{{ clwsf/ lgIf] k0f ul/g'k5{ . -$_ ahf/df pkef] QmfnfO{ ;Ddfg ul/g'k5{ . pkef] Qmfsf clwsf/ M !– ;'/ Iffsf] clwsf/ (Right to safety) :- pkef] Qmfsf] ;'/ Iffsf] clwsf/cGtu{t pTkflbt j:t'sf] u'0f:t/, kl/df0f / cGt/j:t'af6 dfgj :jf:Yo / dof{bfdf kg] { gsf/fTds c;/af6 arfpg' xf] .

j:t' jf ;] jfsf] cfk"lt{ lgoldt x'g g;s] sf] sf/0f x'g hfg] d"No a[l4åf/f pkef] Qmfdf kg] { c;/af6 arfpg klg ;'/ Iffsf] clwsf/n] pkfo vf] H5 . To:t} Dofb gf3] sf cf} iflw kof] uaf6 x'g] c;/, cvfB j:t'sf] kof] uaf6 x'g] c;/ cflbaf6 ;'/ lIft /fVg] pkfosf] ¿kdf of] clwsf/ /x] sf] kfOG5 . @– ;"lrt x'g] clwsf/ (Right to be informed) :- pTkfbs, ljt/s jf ;] jfkbfosn] pkef] QmfnfO{ ;"rgf n'sfpg'x'‘b} g, c;To, ck"/ f] / ed l;h{gf ug] { ;"rgf kjfx ug{'x'‘“b} g . j:t' jf ;] jfsf] ahf/Ls/0f ug] { p2] Zon] ul/g] krf/k;f/ lj1fkg / ;"rgf pkef] Qmfsf] lxtdf x'g'k5{ . ed l;h{gf ug] { jf pkef] Qmf 7lug] u/L ;"rgf kjfx gu/L oyfy{ ;"rgf jf hfgsf/L lbO{ pkef] QmfnfO{ ;"lrt ug'{k5{ . #– 5gf] 6sf] clwsf/ (Right to choose) :- pknAw j:t' jf ;] jf /f] Hg kfpg] pkef] Qmfsf] clwsf/ xf] . pTkflbt jf ljtl/t j:t' kof] u ug] { jf gug] {, cfkm\gf] krng jf wd{, ;f+: s[lts k/Dk/fcg';f/ s'g} j:t' pkof] u ug] { jf gug] { 5gf] 6 ug] { clwsf/ pkef] Qmfdf /xG5 . $– ;'g'jfOsf] clwsf/ (Right to be heard) :- ;'g'jfOsf] clwsf/ ;] jf kfKt u/] kl5 jf j:t' v/Lb u/] kl5 clwsf/ xgg ePdf pkrf/ kfKt ug] { clwsf/ xf] . o;cGtu{t j:t' jf ;] jfn] k'¥ofPsf] xfgLgf] S;fgL jf Ifltsf] kl/k"/ 0f ug] { / xgg ePsf clwsf/sf] pkrf/ kfKt ug] {;d] tsf pkfo canDag ul/G5 . l9nf] Gofo Gofo xf] Og eGg] sfg'gL dfGo l;4fGtadf] lhd pkef] QmfnfO{ ;xh / 5l/tf] ;'g'jfO clwsf/sf] kTofe"t x'g'kb{5 . %– pkef] Qmf lzIffsf] clwsf/ (Right to consumer education) :- pkef] tmf lzIffsf] clwsf/ cf} krfl/s / cgf} krfl/s b'j} dfWodaf6 lng / lbg ;lsG5 . /fHoåf/f g} pkefQmf lzIff kbfg ul/g] klxnf] pkfo x'g ;S5 eg] bf] ;f] JolQmn] cfkm\gf] OR5fcg';f/ kfKt u/] sf] lzIffnfO{ /fHon] x:tIf] k gug] { pkfocGtu{t kb{5 . vfBkbfy{, kfgL jf cGo ;] jfx¿ pkef] Uo / ux0fof] Uo x'g\ jf xf] Ogg\ eGg] ;DaGwdf pkef] Qmf lzIff / ;"rgfn] dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf v] N5 . ^– Ifltk"lt{sf] clwsf/ (Right to redress and compensation) :- j:t' tyf ;] jf kbfg ug] { / Jofkfl/s lqmofsnfkaf6 pkef] Qmfdf s'g} c;/ kg{ uPsf] eP To:tf] c;/sf lj?4 ;'g'jfOkl5 plrt Ifltk"lt{ kfpg] clwsf/ pkef] Qmfdf ;'/ lIft /x] sf] x'G5 . &– cfwf/e"t cfjZostfdf kx'“rsf] clwsf/ (Right to access of basic needs) :- dflg;nfO{ hLjg lhpgsf] nflu cTofjZos dflgg] vfg] s'/ f, a:g] af;, nufpg] nQf sk8f, lzIff, ;"rgf, :jf:Yo / xflgsf/s lqmofsnfkaf6 ;'/ lIft x'g kfpg] cfwf/e"t cfjZostf k"lt{sf nflu To:tf j:t' Pj+ ;] jfx¿df kx'“rsf] clwsf/ pkef] Qmfdf ;'/ lIft /x] sf] x'G5 . *– :jR5 tyf :j:y jftfj/0fsf] clwsf/ (Right to clean and healthy environment) :- :jR5 jftfj/0fsf] clwsf/ dfgj dof{bf, klti7f / ;Ddfgk"0f{ hLjgsf] clwsf/;“u ;DalGwt ePsf] n] o;nfO{ j:t' tyf ;] jf pkef] u ug] { pkef] Qmfsf] clwsf/;“u hf] 8] / x] g'{kb{5 .

:j:5 ahf/sf afws tTjx? M -!_ Psflwsf/k"0f{ Aofkfl/s lqmofsnfkx? M Pp6} Joj;foLn] a9L j:t'sf] sf/f] af/ ug{] . -@_ cg'lrt Aofkfl/s lqmofsnfkx? M u'0f:t/, kl/df0f, d"No, gfktf} n, 9frf agf} 6df 9f“6L, em'SofO{ j:t' ;] jfsf] laqmLljt/0f ug'{ . -#_ lgif] lwt jf lgolGqt Aofkfl/s lqmofsnfkx? M sfg'gåf/f lgif] w / lgolGqt ul/Psf Aofkfl/s ultljlw . j:t' / ;] jf pkef] udf pkef] Qmfx?n] x] g{'kg{] s'/ fx?M -!_ j:t' / ;] jfsf] btf{ -@_ j:t' / ;] jfsf] d"No -#_ u'0f:t/ -$_ gfktf} n -%_ n] jn -^_ lj1fkg -&_ s/ -*_ cfk"lt{ . u} / ;/sf/L:t/df gful/s ;dfh, pkef] Qmfsf] If] qdf sfd ug] { ;+: yfx?, lgu/fgL ;d"xx?, ;~rf/ hut, pBf] u jfl0fHo ;+3 / pkef] Qmfx?nfO{ ;/f] sf/jfnf dfGg ;lsG5 . To:t} ;/sf/L:t/df lhNnf kzf;g sfof{no, ;'/ Iff lgsfox?, ljifut sfof{no, :yfgLo txx? ;/f] sf/jfnf x'g\ . pkef] Qmf clwsf/;DaGwL lhNnfut ;jfnx? M -!_ j:t' / ;] jfsf] pkef] u ug{] ;DaGwdf pkef] Qmfx?df r] tgfsf] sdL . pkef] Qmf clwsf/ / pkef] Qmf clwsf/ ;+/ If0f P] gsf] kfngfsf ;fy} ;+j} wflgs pkrf/ kof] u ug{ c;dy{ /xg' . -@_ ahf/df df;', kmnkm"n / vfBkbfy{, b"wdf :jR5tf gcfpg' . Uof“;sf] d"No kltl;ln08/df cGo lhNnf eGbf a9L / lgod;+ut cJojl:yt ?kdf laqmL ljt/0f x'g' . -#_ lghL :jf:Yo ;+: yfdf rsf{] d"No / ;] jf / pkrf/df Ps?ktf gx'g' . kof] uzfnfut hf“rdf Ps?ktf geO{ AolQmsf] :jf:ydf ;d:of kg{] u/] sf] . -$_ oftfoft If] qdf ;8s / k'n lgdf{0fsf] c:tJo:ttfn] pkef] Qmfsf] cfjfudgdf sl7gfO / ;jf/L ;fwgdf cTolws Iflt k'Ug] u/] sf] . ;fy} w'jf“ w'nf] sf] sf/0f pkef] Qmfdf :jf;k:jf; /efO/n Hj/f] h:tf /f] udf a[l4 b] lvg] u/] sf 5g . -%_ t/sf/Lsf] d"Nodf Hofbf ptf/r9fj cfpg] / laiffbLo'Qm t/sf/Lklt pkef] Qmf ljZj:t x'g g;Sg' . t/sf/L ahf/ cem Jojl:yt x'g g;Sg' . -^_ lhNnfdf /x] sf vfg] kfgL of] hgfx?sf d"n / 6\ of+sLdf ;/;kmfO ug{] kl/kf6L gePsf] sf/0f a] nf–a] nfdf dxfdf/Lnufotsf gof“ /f] u b] vf kg{' . -zflGtgu/sf] dxfdf/L / vfg]kfgL of] hgf cg'udg_ -&_ d"Nodf Ps?ktf gx'g' / d"No sfod ubf{ pkef] Qmfsf] ;xeflutf u/fpg] d] sflgHd gx'g' . -*_ ahf/ tyf ;] jf kjfxsf] cg'udg tyf ;jfnx?sf] k} / jL jsfntdf cfd pkef] Qmfx?df rf;f] sd . cGo lgsfoaf6 ul/g] cg'udgn] sf/jfxL / Ifltk"lt{sf] klqmofdf cfd pkef] Qmf nfO{ ljZj;gLo agfpg g;s] sf] . -(_ Joj;foLn] ug{] ljljw Aoa;fodf lgod sfg'gsf] dfkb08 kfngf gu/L Joa;fo ;+rfng . -!)_ u'0f:t/Lotf / gfktf} nsf] tTsfn dfk ug{] ;+oGq gx'“bf u'0f:t/Ltf / gfktf} n ahf/af6 pkef] Qmfx? Aff/Daf/ 7lug] u/] sf . -!!_ lhNnfsf] ;f] t ;fwgsf] kof] u u/L pTkfbg ePsf l;d] G6sf] d"No ef/tLo d"NoeGbf km/s gx'bf xfdf] ;f] t ;fwgsf] xfdf] l;d] G6 pBf] u eGg] cg'e"lt gePsf] . ;fy} l;d] G6 pBf] ux? lglZrt dfkb08cg'?k ;~rfng x'g g;Sbf pkef] Qmfx?n] w'jf“, w'nf] / jftfj/0fLo kb"if0faf6 ktfl8t x'g' k/] sf] 5 . -!@_ /fHosf]

u s]zjs'df/ zdf{ lgsfoaf6 ;~rfng ul/g'kg{] pkef] Qmf ;r] tgf / pkef] Qmf lzIffsf] ;~rfngdf sdL . -!#_ pkef] Qmf clwsf/nfO{ dfgj clwsf/sf] cleGg c+u agfpg ;r] tgfsf] cefj . -!$_ /fHoaf6 kbfg ul/g] ;] jf pkef] Qmfn] ;xhtfk"j{s kfpg kTo] s sfof{nodf ;] jfkjfx 8] : ssf] kefjsf/L sfof{Gjog x'g g;Sg' . dfnkf] t, gfkL, laB't, b"/ ;~rf/ h:tf cfwf/e"t ;] jf kbfo sfof{nodf pkef] Qmfn] cltl/Qm z'Nslagf ;xh?kdf ;] jf kfpg g;Sg' . -!%_ kl/of] hgfut?kdf sfd ug{] u} ;;x?df pkef] Qmf clwsf/;DaGwL lzIff, ;r] tgf / ;+/ If0fsf nflu k} / jL jsfntdf sdL x'g] u/] sf] . pkef] Qmf clwsf/nfO{ kefjsf/L sfof{Gjog ug{ cfufdL sfo{ef/ M -!_ pkef] Qmf lxt ;+/ If0f, :jR5 ahf/ / ;'zf;gsf] kTofe"lt ul/of] ;\ . pkefQmf lzIff / pkef] Qmf ;r] tgf sfo{nfO{ ljifout sfof{nosf sfo{If] qdf, lhNnfsf kd'v Aofkfl/s If] qx?df / :yfgLo txsf kTo] s j8ftx;Dd kl/rflnt ul/of] ;\ . -@_ g] kfnsf] ;+ljwfgsf] wf/f $$ -!_ kTo] s pkef] QmfnfO{ u'0f:t/Lo j:t' tyf ;] jf kfKt ug] { xs x'g] 5 . -#_ u'0f:t/xLg j:t' jf ;] jfaf6 Iflt k'u] sf] JolQmnfO{ sfg"gadf] lhd Ifltk"lt{ kfpg] xs x'g] 5 / wf/f %! -3_ -&_ sfnfahf/L, Psflwsf/, s[lqd cefj l;h{gf ug{] / klt:kwf{ lgoGq0fh:tf sfo{sf] cGTo ub{} /fli6«o cy{tGqnfO{ klt:kwL{ agfO{ Aofkfl/s :jR5tf / cg'zf;g sfod u/L pkef] Qmf lxt ;+/ If0f ug{] gLltut s'/ fnfO{ kefjsf/L sfof{Gjog ul/of] ;\ . -#_ pkef] Qmf cbfnt;lxtsf] pkef] Qmf ;+/ If0f law] os ;+;baf6 tTsfn kfl/t ul/of] ;\ . -$_ j:t' / ;] jf ahf/df ePsf] s[lqd d"No a[l4, cfk"lt{ l;l08s] 6, u'0f:t/xLgtf, gfktf} ndf 7uL, n] jnlaxLgtf, edk"0f{ lj1fkg / a9\ bf] dflkmoftGqnfO{ tTsfn lgoGq0f ul/of] ;\ . -%_ ;] jf kbfo tyf pTkfbsx?af6 x'g] u/] sf jftfj/0fLo kb"if0fsf sfo{df pNn] lvt dfkb08 k"/ f u/fp“b} lgoGq0f ul/of] ;\ . -^_ j:t' / ;] jf kbfo ;+3;+: yfx?af6 x'g] u/] sf] :jR5 ahf/ / pkef] Qmf lxt ;+/ If0f la?4sf Aofkfl/s lqmofsnfk tTsfn lgoGq0f ul/of] ;\ . -*_ kTo] s :yfgLo txdf cfk"lt{ Joj:yfkg tyf pkef] Qmf lxt ;+/ If0f dxfzfvf :yfkgf u/L pkef] Qmf lzIff, ;r] tgf, ;"rgf / ahf/ cg'udg, sfo{jfxL ug{] sfo{ kefjsf/L ?kdf sfof{Gjog ul/of] ;\ . -(_ lhNnfdf /x] sf] ;+o'Qm cg'udg ;ldltn] pkef] Qmf lxt;“u ;/f] sf/ /fVg] lgsfosf] ;+nUgtfdf lgoldt cg'udg / hgck] lIft sfo{jfxL ug{] sfo{nfO{ kefjsf/L agfOof] ;\ . -!)_ pkef] Qmf lxtsf

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CMYK

#

@)&% ;fn h]7 @( ut] d+unjf/ (Jun. 12, 2018)

www.nayayougbodh.com/E-mail: yougbodh@gmail.com

;dfrf/

b'O{ lsnf]ld6/ af6f] PSn} vGg] rGbjL/n] eg]–

cfkm\gf] snf ;+:s[lt l;Sb} yf? ;d'bfo …dnfO{ b'O{ ;o ld6/ kfOk eP k'U5Ú o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf

b+uLz/0f, @* h] 7 . …efiff, snf, ;flxTo, ;+: s[ltsf] ;+/ If0f u/f} +M df} lns klxrfg vf] hf} +Ú eGg] d"n gf/fsf ;fy b+uLz/0f ufp“kflnsf j8f g+= ^ sf] k;8'jf bfªdf yf? efiff, snf, ;+: s[lt ;+/ If0f;DaGwL Pslbg] cled'vLs/0f ;DkGg ePsf] 5. b+uLz/0f ufp“kflnsf j8f g+= ^ sL j8f ;b:o tyf sfo{kflnsf ;b:o lx/f rf} w/Ln] tflnd pb\3f6g ub} { yf? efiff, snf, ;+: s[ltsf] ;+/ If0f ug{ tflnd cfof] hgf ul/Psf] atfpg'eof] . clxn] yf? ;+: s[lt nf] k eO/x] sfn] yf?x?sf] klxrfgsf] cl:tTj ;dfKt x'g nfu] sf] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] x/] s tx / tKsfaf6 yf? ;+: s[ltsf] ;+/ If0f ug'{kg] { wf/0ff /fVg'eof] . tflnddf j8f;b:o nId0f rf} w/Ln] :jfut ub} { yf? ;d'bfosf ;docg';f/sf uLtx?– asL{df/, wdf/, d} gf, ;hgf, af/df;] uLtx? /x] sf] eP klg tL clxn] nf] k x'g] cj:yfdf k'u] sfn] To;sf] ;+/ If0f ug'{ h?/L /x] sf] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] d3f} 6f gfr, bz} of ;Vof gfr, x'/ 8'+Uof, 5f] qmf h:tf gfrx? eP klg

q cf] k] Gb a:g] t

tL ;a} nf] k x'g] cj:yfdf k'u] sfn] To;sf] ;+/ If0f ug'{ h?/L /x] sf] atfpg'eof] . sfo{qmddf klzIfssf ?kdf /xg'ePsf yf? ;+: s[ltljb\ /f] lxt rf} w/Ln] yf?x?n] cfkm\gf] klxrfg, efiff, ;+: s[lt ;+/ If0f ug'{kg] { a] nf cfPsf] atfp“b} clxn] o;sf] ;+/ If0f / ;Da4{g ug{ g;s] ef] lnsf lbgdf yf?x?sf] ;+: s[lt Oltxf;sf] kfgfdf dfq} ;Lldt x'g] wf/0ff /fVg'eof] . ;+: s[ltn] JolQmnfO{ lrgfpg] atfp“b} pxf“n] JolQmsf] klxrfg ;+: s[ltn] dfq agfpg] atfpg'eof] . To;} u/L ;+: s[ltljb tsaxfb'/ rf} w/Ln] yf?x?

;+: s[ltsf] wgL eP klg To;sf] krf/k;f/ ug{ gs] sf] n] cfkm\gf] ;+: s[ltsf] krf/ k;f/ u/L df} lns klxrfg vf] Hgkg] { atfpg'eof] . pb\3f6g sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng b+uLz/0f ufp“kflnsfsf s=c= d:tjL/ s¥ofsª/x\jfn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . tflnddf yf? efiff, snf, ;flxTosf] ;+/ If0f, ljsf;, yf?x?sf] klxrfgaf/] klzIf0f lbOPsf] lyof] . klzIfsx?df /f] lxt rf} w/L, tsaxfb'/ rf} w/L, d:tjL/ s¥ofsª/x\jf /xg'ePsf] lyof] . tflnddf j8f g+= ^ sf ykufp“, k;8'jf / afu/sf u/L $) hgfsf] ;xeflutf lyof] .

z}lIfs :t/ ;'wfg{ gu/kflnsfn] ;xof]u ug]{ q ;fu/ l/hfn Ko'7fg, @* h] 7 . Ko'7fg gu/kflnsfsf kd'v ch'{gs'df/ sIfkltn] z} lIfs:t/df ;'wf/ Nofpg gu/kflnsfn] h'g;'s} dfWodaf6 eP klg ;xof] u ug{ tof/ /x] sf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . Ko'7fg gu/kflnsfsf] ;xof] u tyf Ko'7fg gu/kflnsf j8f g+= !) sf] cfof] hgfdf d/G7fgfdf ;~rflnt lzIfssf nflu tLglbg] ljZn] if0ffTds tyf ;f] ro'Qm l;sfO{ ljlw;DaGwL tflnd ;dfkg ;qdf af] Nb} sIfkltn] lzIff g} ;d[4 g] kfnsf] d"n cfwf/ ePsf] atfpg'eof] . z} lIfs ljsf;lagf cGo s'g} klg lasf;sf] sNkgf ug{ g;lsg] atfp“b} gu/kd'v sIfkltn] gu/kflnsfn] lzIff;DaGwL ljleGg P] g lgodx? kf; ul/;s] sf hfgsf?L lbg'eof] .

gu/kflnsfleq /x] sf cfwf/e"t tx, lgDg dfWolds tx / dfWolds txsf ljBfnosf] z} lIfs ;'wf/ tyf ef} lts ;+/ rgf lgdf{0fsf nflu gu/n] cfjZos kg{] ah] 6 ljlgof] hg ug'{kg{] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] . tflndsf] ;dfkg ;qdf j8f g+= !) sf cWoIf kbd lu/Ln] ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf u'0f:t/Lo lzIff ePg eGg] ;a} sf] lrGtf t/ To;sf] sf/s tTjdf s;} sf] rf;f] gePsf] atfpg'eof] . To:t} Ko'7fg gu/kflnsf–( cWoIf g] x/l;+x s] ;Ln] ljBfnodf cWofkg/t lzIfsx?sf] Ifdtf a[l4 / ljsf; ug{sf nflu ljleGg ;dodf o:tf] tflnd cfjZos /x] sf] atfp“b} :yfgLo ;/sf/n] lzIffnfO{ klxnf] kfyldtfdf /fv] sf] pNn] v ug'{eof] . pxf“n] lzIfsx?nfO{ u'0f:t/Lo lzIff kbfg ug{ lgb{] zg lbg'eof] .

ljZn] if0ffTds tflnddf Ko'7fg gu/kflnsf j8f g+= !) sf @% hgf / j8f g+= ( af6 cf7 hgf u/L ## hgf lzIfsx¿sf] ;xeflutf lyof] . kefjsf/L¿kdf lzIf0f ug{ ;xof] u k'uf] ;\ eGg] p2] Zosf ;fy tflnd ;~rfng ul/Psf] xf] . tflndsf] klzIfsdf a'6an ax'd'vL SofDk;sf pkkd'v 8f= ;'/ ] Gb lu/L / ;xfos kfWofks ksfz kf} 8] nn] ug{'ePsf] lyof] . tflnd ;dfkg sfo{qmddf lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldltsf ;b:o /] zdf s] ;L, gu/kflnsf lzIff PsfO{sf ;f] tJolQm ;ljgf kl08t, j8f g+= ( sf cWoIf g] x/l;+x s] ;Lnufotsf jQmfx?n] tflnddf ;xefuL eO{ ;kmntfk"j{s tflnd lnPsf] df wGojfb JoQm ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

k':tsfno ;+3df bfªaf6 kf}8]n lglj{/f]w g]skfsf] ;'emfj ;+sng j8f g+= * df u9jf, @* h] 7 -o';_– g] kfn ;fd'bflos k': tsfno ;+3sf] ] t] ;f] clwj] zgdf bfªaf6 b] pv'/ L ;fd'bflos k': tsfno tyf ;f] ts] Gbsf kltlglw r"8fdl0f kf} 8] n s] GbLo ;b:odf lglj{/ f] w lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] 5 . g] kfn k1f klti7fg sdnfbL sf7df8f+} df h] 7 @^ / @& ut] ePsf] g] kfn e/sf ;fd'bflos k': tsfnox?sf] /fli6«o clwj] zgaf6 b] pv'/ L u9jf lgjf;L kf} 8] n s] GbLo ;b:o kbdf r'lgg' ePsf] xf] . clwj] zgn] s] zj/fh cfrfo{ -lrtjg_ sf] cWoIftfdf !& ;b:oLo s] GbLo sfo{;ldlt rog u/] sf] 5 .

h;sf] pkfWoIfdf /d] zs'df/ e';fn -sf7df8f+} _, hoZj/ kf} 8] n -af“s] _ / ;'Gb/ h} ? -88] Nw'/ f_, dxf;lrjdf o'j/fh sfkm\n] -?kGb] xL_, ;lrjdf b] j] Gbk;fb h} ;L 9'+ufgf -s} nfnL_ / sf] iffWoIfdf /fhf/fd Gof} kfg] -g'jfsf] 6_ lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] 5. o;} u/L ;b:ox?df r"8fdl0f kf} 8] n -bfª_ df] xk;fb kg] ? -uf] vf{_ t'n;f kf7s -gjnk/f;L_ ljdnf clwsf/L -gjnk/f;L_ ljGb' u} / ] -gjnk'/ _ njfxl/ bfxfn -emfkf_, nLnf e08f/L -gjnk'/ _ e/t lu/L -k;f{_ / cf] ds[i0f >] i7 -sfe] _ /xg' ePsf] ;+3n] hgfPsf] 5 .

b] pv'/ L, @* h] 7 -o';_– g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ -g] skf_ sf] ;'emfj ;+sng sfo{qmd ndxL gu/kflnsf j8f g+= * df ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . kf6L{ PsLs/0fsf] ;+b] z, :yfgLo ;/sf/sf] Ps jif] { sfo{sfnsf] ;dLIff, hgtfsf ;d:of / ;dfwfgsf pkfo tyf kf6L{ ;+u7gsf] cj:yfnufotsf ljifodf ;'emfj ;+sng ul/Psf] xf] . g] skfsf gu/:t/Lo g] tf cd/ s“j/sf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] ;'emfj ;+sng sfo{qmddf gu/kflnsf tyf j8f

sfof{noaf6 ;~rfng ePsf tflnd / ljsf; lgdf{0fsf of] hgfdf 5nkmn u/] sf] lyP . g] skfsf g] tf 808L/fd rf} w/Lsf] ljifo ka] zaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmddf j;Gt zdf{ -laqmfGt_, w'kgf/fo0f rf} w/L, /tgs'df/ s] ;L, df] xg lu/L, u0f] zs'df/ rf} w/L, u+uf kf08] , l8ns'df/ >] i7, uf] kfn rf} w/L, laGtL/fd rf} w/L, /fs] z >]i7, g]qaxfb'/ a'9fyf]sLnufot :yfgLo g]tf sfo{stf{sf] pkl:ylt lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng efg' hf]zLn] ug{e ' Psf] lyof] .

t'n;Lk'/ , @* h] 7 . Pp6f s'/ f eGg dg nfu] sf] 5, egd\ ls gegd\ <Ú b'O{ lsnf] ld6/ af6f] PSn} vg] / rrf{df cfPsf t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf–# ;fttn] lgjf;L &$ jif{sf rGbjL/ cf] nLn] kZg ug'{eof] . t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf kd'v 3gZofd kf08]n] eGg'eof]– …eGg';\ g eGg';\ s] eGg dg nfu]sf] 5 .Ú …lah'nL aQL klg ca NofOlbG5d\ eGg' ePsf] 5Ú– cf] nLn] eGg'eof] – …ca dnfO{ kfgLsf] cfjZostf 5 . a8\8Ln] t tLg ;o ld6/ eG5] t/ b'O{ ;o ld6/sf] @% PdPdsf] kfOk eP k'U5 . kfgLsf] ;fx} ;d:of eof] .Ú /fli6«o :jf:YosdL{ ;+3 g] kfn bfªn] b[li6ljxLg cf] nLsf] kl/jf/nfO{ vfBfGg ;xof] u ug{ cf] nLs} 3/df cfof] hgf u/] sf] sfo{qmddf pxf“n] o:tf] dfu /fVg'ePsf] xf] . …sdf/Lsf] 6df /x] sf] d"n afx} dlxgf ;'Sb} gÚ– cf] nLn] eGg'eof] – …kfgL klg /fdf] 5, t/ k} ;f gePsfn] kfOk lsGg ;s] sf] 5} g .Ú cf] nLsf] u'gf;f] ;'g] kl5 kd'v kf08] n] 3/;Dd k'Ug] af6f] km/flsnf] ul/lbg] / eg] hlt kfOk pknAw u/fOlbg] klta4tf JoQm ug'{eof] . o;} aLr /fli6«o :jf:YosdL{ ;+3

g] kfn bfªn] cf] nLsf] kl/jf/nfO{ !@ xhf/ ?k} of“ a/fa/sf] vfBfGg ;xof] u u/] sf] 5 . ;+3sf] !# cf} + :yfkgf lbj;sf] cj;/df 3/d} k'u] / cf] nL kl/jf/sf] :jf:Yo hf“r ug'{sf ;fy} vfBfGg / t] n ;xof] u u/] sf] :jf:YosdL{ ;+3 bfªsf cWoIf lji0f's'df/ lu/Ln] atfpg'eof] . ljleGg ;+3;+: yf / JolQmsf] kxndf ;+slnt vfBfGg / t] n t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfug/kflnsfsf d] o/ 3gZofd kf08] n] &$ jifL{o cf] nLnfO{ x:tfGt/0f ug'{ePsf] xf] . /fxt x:tfGt/0f sfo{qmddf af] Nb} d] o/ kf08] n] s'g} ;d:of eP lgw{Ss;fy pkdxfgu/kflnsfnfO{ eGg cfux ug'{eof] . b[li6ljxLg kl/jf/ PSnf] gePsf]

jftfj/0f lbj;df tLg dlxg] s[ifs kf7zfnf ;xsf/Lsf] ;/;kmfO o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf

o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf 3f] / fxL, @* h] 7 . 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf kd'v g?nfn rf} w/Ln] ;/;kmfO g} ;Eo ;dfhsf] cfwf/ ePsf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . hnhnf art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+: yf 3f] / fxL–!$ n] ;f] djf/ cfof] hgf u/] sf] ;/;kmfO sfo{qmddf af] Nb} gu/ kd'v rf} w/Ln] dflg;sf] klxnf] kl/ro eg] s} ;/;kmfO ePsf] wf/0ff /fVg'eof] . $^ cf} + ljZj jftfj/0f lbj;sf] cj;/df cfof] lht ;/;kmfO sfo{qmddf gu/ kd'v rf} w/Ln] ;/;kmfOnfO{ ljsf;sf] cfwf/sf ?kdf lng cfux ug{'eof] . kmf] xf] / ug] {n] g} ;/;kmfO ug'{kg] { bfloTj x'g] pxf“sf] egfO lyof] . cfkm"n] kmf] xf] / ug] { t/ c?n] g} ;kmf ul/b] cf] ;\ eGg] efjgf b] lvPsf] eGb} ca pkdxfgu/n] sfg"gcg';f/

To:tfnfO{ sf/jfxL ug] { r] tfjgL lbg'eof] . kmf] xf] / ug] { clwsf/ s;} nfO{ gePsf] eGb} ;/;kmfOdf h'6\g ;a} gu/jf;LnfO{ clkn ug'{eof] . sfo{qmddf j8f g+= !$ sf cWoIf Pj+ aftfj/0f tyf ljkt Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf ;+of] hs zlQm/fd 8f“uLn] gu/nfO{ ;kmf / x/fe/f agfpg ;a} ldn] / sfd ug'{kg] { atfpg'eof] . ;/;kmfO g} ;Eo gu/jf;Lsf] kl/ro ePsf] eGb} pxf“n] cfkm"n] ug] { kmf] xf] / cfkm} n] Joj:yfkg ug'{kg] {df hf] 8 lbg'eof] . ;xsf/L ;+: yfsf cWoIf sLlt{dfg k'gsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/0f ksfz k'g du/n] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . ;xsf/Ldf cfa4 ;b:o tyf hgkltlglwx?n] / tgk'/ rf] sb] lv t'n;Lk'/ rf] s;Dd ;8s 5] p5fpdf ;/;kmfO{ u/] sf 5g\ .

t'n;Lk'/sf ;a} ljBfnodf ;]g]6/L Kof8 lbOg] t'n;Lk'/ , @* h] 7 -o';_– t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf cWoog/t lszf] / Lx?nfO{ nlIft u/] / cfp“bf] c;f/ ! ut] af6 :ofg] 6/L Kof8 ljt/0f ug] { ePsf] 5 . gu/ sfo{kflnsfsf] a} 7sn] ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf

cWoog/t lszf] / Lx?nfO{ nlIft u/] / o:tf] lg0f{o u/] sf] xf] . ;] g] 6/L Kof8 gx'“bf dlxgfjf/Lsf] ;dodf lszf] / Lx? ljBfno gcfpg] ;d:ofnfO{ dWogh/ u/] / o:tf] lg0f{o ul/Psf] xf] . …o;n] lszf] / Lx?nfO{ lzIff / :jf:Yo b'a} df

lhNnf zfvf, bfª Hof] = e'jg]Zj/ a~hf8] df]afOn M (*$&*$!@%!

d]if -r",r] ,rf] ,nf,nL,n",n] ,nf] ,c_M ljutsf] >daf6 wg nfe x'g]5 . c?nfO{ kefljt kf/]/ sfd agfpg ;lsg]5 . cfly{s nfe /fdf] x'g]5 .

t'nf -/f,/L,?,/],/f] ,tf,tL,t",t] _M >dsf] plrt d"No kfKt x'g]5 . g;f]r]sf] JolQmaf6 ;xof]u ldNg ;Sg]5 . pd+u / pknlAwsf/s ;do /x]sf] 5 .

j[if -O{,pm,P,cf] ,jf,lj,j",j] ,jf] _M k/Dk/fnfO{ ;do ;fk]If kl/jt{g ug{ ;lsg]5 . Jofkf/df nfe x'g]5 . kl/jf/hg;“u cfTdLotf a9\g]5 .

j[lZrs -tf] ,gf,gL,g",g] ,gf] ,of,oL,o"_M bfDkTo ;'vaf6 ;Gt'i6 eOg]5 . cfo cfh{g / gof“ 1fg kfKt x'g ;Sg]5 . cfltYo ;Ddfg kfpg ;lsg]5 .

ldy'g -sf,sL,s",3,ª,5,s] ,sf] ,x_M 6f9fsf cfkmGt;“u ;Dks{ a9\g]5 . vr{ clws /xg]5 . lbuf] ?kdf kmfObf x'g] sfddf nufgL x'g]5 .

wg' -o] ,of] ,ef,eL,e",w,kmf,9f,e] _M sfo{If]qdf ;xof]u kfOg]5 . /f]lsPsf sfd aGg]5g\ . xNsf kof;n] klg 7"nf] ;kmntf Pj+ clwsf/ kfKt ul/Pnf .

ss{6 -xL,x",x] ,xf] ,8f,8L,8",8] ,8f] _M Jofj;flos pGglt sfo{df ;kmntf / kult Pj+ cfltYo ;Ddfg kfKt x'g ;Sg]5 . cfly{s nfesf] of]u /fdf] 5 .

ds/-ef] ,hf,hL,h",h] ,hf] ,vf,vL,v",v] ,vf] ,uf,uL_M af]nLsf] e/df sfd aGg ;Sg]5 . gof“ sfdsf] nflu k:tfj cfpg ;Sg]5 . cfltYo ;Ddfg kfpg ;lsg]5 . s'De -u",u] ,uf] ,;,;L,;',;] ,;f] ,b_M 5/ l5d]sLx?;“u s6'tf a9\g]5 . kl/jf/hg;“u ;Nnfx ln“bf /fdf] x'g]5 . s[lif, e"ld / rf}kfofaf6 nfe x'g]5 .

l;+x -df,dL,d",d] ,df],6f,6L,6",6] _M sfo{ ;kmntf Pj+ Jofj;flos cfly{s nfe tyf kltikwf{x?df ;kmntf /xg]5 . snf, ;flxTo / dgf]/~hgdf ?lr a9\g]5 . sGof -6f] ,k,kL,k",if,0f,7,k],kf] _M kl;l4 sdfpg ;lsg]5 . ;fdfGo kof;n] efUo a9fpg ;lsg]5 . sfo{df ;kmntf / gof“ sfdsf] lhDd]jf/L ldNg ;Sg]5 .

dLg -bL,b",y,em,~f,b] ,bf] ,rf,rL_M lxDdt / k'?iffy{ a[l4 x'g]5 . h'emf? eO cfkm\gf] sfddf 8l6g]5 . aGw'jfGwjn] ;xof]u k'¥ofpg] 5g\ . * gd:t] z'e laxfgL oxf“x?sf] lbgrof{ ;'vb\ /xf];\. * s'08nLdf /x]sf z'esf/s j[x:kltsf sf/0f ;b\a'l4 Pj+ wg / wd{sf] pGglt u/fp5 . CMYK

ndxL, @* h] 7 . kuGgf a8\sfky l;+rfO{ Joj:yfkg l8lehg ndxLn] /fKtL ufp“kflnsf j8f g+= & 5'6\sL l;;xlgofdf tLg dlxg] s[ifs kf7zfnf ;~rfng u/] sf] 5 . PsLs[t afnL tyf Joj:yfkg sfo{qmd cGtu{t 5} 7f} + r/0fsf] pQm cEof; sfo{qmddf kf“r k'?if / !% hgf dlxnf u/L hDdf @) hgfsf] ;xeflutf lyof] eg] s[lif clws[t t'nf/fd rf} w/L klzIfs /xg'ePsf] lyof] . kuGgf a8\sfky l;+rfO{ Joj:yfkg l8lehg ndxLsf s[lif clws[t rf} w/Ln] klzIf0f lbg] qmddf df6f] sf] pa{/ fzlQmsf] Joj:yfkg, /f] usL/f Joj:yfkg, ldqsL/f ;+/ If0f, dnvfbsf] plrt kof] u, pko'Qm l;+rfO{ kljlw, /f] kfO“ tyf ahf/ Joj:yfkgaf/] klzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . kof] ufTds ljlwaf6 klzIf0f lbOPsf] pQm cEof; sfo{qmddf af] 8L !# xhf/,

leG8L ;ft xhf/, sf“qmf gf} xhf/ ?k} of“ a/fa/sf] t/sf/L pTkfbg ePsf] ;xefuL tyf hUufwgL s'df/ k'g du/n] hfgsf/L u/fpg'eof] . cEof; sfo{qmdkZrft kuGgf s'nf] d"n ;ldltsf cWoIf 6+sgfy rf} w/Lsf] cu'jfOdf efgk'/ – demd] l/of kuGgf s'nf] d"n ;ldltsf cWoIf sfnLk;fb rf} w/L, pkfWoIf ;Ltf/fd rf} w/L, kqsf/ /fw] Zofd u'Ktf;lxtsf] 6f] nLn] pQm cEof; kf7zfnfsf] :ynut cjnf] ] sg tyf cg'udg u/] sf] 5 . o; jif{ t/sf/L pTkfbgsf] cTolws a[l4n] ubf{ t/sf/L ahf/ efp a9\g ;s] sf] 5} g t/ klg t/sf/L v] tLdf cfw'lgs kljlw l;s] / cfkm\g} hUufdf t/sf/L v] tL z'? ul/;s] sf] ;xefuL ;'nf] rgf rf} w/Ln] hfgsf/L u/fpg'eof] . o; kljlwaf6 t/sf/L v] tL ubf{ sd vr{ nfUg] , d] xgt sd nfUg] / pTkfbg a9L x'g] ;xefuL hd'gf k'gn] atfpg'eof] .

;sf/fTds kefj kfg] {5Ú– gu/kd'v 3gZofd kf08] n] atfpg'eof] . pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf ;a} ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf nfu' x'g] of] sfo{qmdsf] Joj:yfkg j8f sfof{no / ;dGjo :jf:Yo zfvfn] ug] {5g\ .

kl5Nnf] ;do t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf ljBfno lg/LIf0f ubf{ lszf] / Lx?sf] pkl:ylt lgs} sd b] lvPsf] lyof] . pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf] sfo{kflnsf a} 7sn] oxL s'/ fnfO{ dWogh/ u/] / o:tf] sfo{qmd NofPsf] xf] .

cfsif{s 38]/Lx? ljqmLdf

;/sf/L dfkb08 k'/f ePsf], & ld6/ / ( ld6/ af6f] ePsf] 3f]/fxL–!& s6'jfvf]nf emf]n'+u] k'n klZrddf /x]sf] ( lj3f hUufdf Kn6Lª u/]sf cfsif{s 38]/Lx? yf]s tyf km'6s/ d"Nodf ljqmLdf 5g\ . ahf/sf] glhs, vfg]kfgL, lah'nL, :s"n, SofDk;, c:ktfn, kx/L rf}sL glhs /x]sf] ;'ljwf ;DkGg 38]/Lx? .

cfhsf] /fzLkmn g]kfn Hof]ltif kl/ifb\ @)&%.)@.@( ut] d+unjf/ clws h]i7 s[i0fkIf, ltly qof]bzL, gIfqM s[ltsf cfh bfªsf] ;"of]{bo )%M@#M)$, ;"of{:t &M!@M)$

eGb} ;dfh / /fHo klg ;fydf ePsf] atfpg'eof] . ;f] cj;/df pkd] o/ dfof cfrfo{, g] skfsf g] tf zf] ef/fd a:g] t, /fli6«o :jf:YosdL{ ;+3sf s] GbLo ;lrj dbg cf] nL, g] kfn lghfdtL sd{rf/L ;+u7gsf pkfWoIf gf/fo0f 3tL{nufotn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . ;+3sf cWoIf lji0f's'df/ lu/Lsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ;lrj ljdn s] ;Ln] ug'{ePsf] lyof] eg] :jfut :jf:YosdL{ ;+3 bfªsf ;b:o bf] 0f cf] nLn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . P3f/ hgfsf] kl/jf/dWo] tLghgfafx] s ;a} kl/jf/ b[li6ljxLg 5g\ .

;Dks{ M

(*$&*@!)*@, (*$&*@)$&@, (*$&*$!#)@

lzjd\ cf/f] Uo s] Gb

8f= lk=Pg= emf= åf/f ;~rflnt lzjd\ cf/f]Uo s]Gbdf c? yk pTs[i6 ;] jf ;'ljwfsf ;fy kTo]s lbg lj/fdL r] shf“rF eO/x]sf] hfgsf/L u/fOG5 . 8f= åf/f lbOg] ;] jfx? M k'?if M k'?ifsf] of} g;DaGwL ;Dk"0f{ ;d:ofx?sf] ;kmn pkrf/, l;kmln;, ugf] l/of, of} gf+uaf6 lkk aUg] , lk;fa kf] Ng] , of} g zlQmdf sdL, zL3 :vng, wft' /f] u, of} g rfxgfdf sdL . dlxnf M dlxnfdf x'g] ;Dk"0f{ of} ghGo ;d:ofsf] ;kmn pkrf/, wft' /f] u, lk;fa kf] Ng] , ;+qmldt of} ghGo ;d:of, 3fp, vl6/f, kfgL aUg] , dlxgfjf/Ldf ;d:of, tNnf] k] 6 b'Vg] , 9f8 b'Vg] cflb . 5fnf M 5fnf;DaGwL ;Dk"0f{ ;d:ofsf] ;kmn pkrf/ . 8l08kmf] /, sfnf] rfofFkf] tf] , ;] tf] b'aL, PnhL{, 3fp, vl6/f cflb . lgM;Gtfgkg M dlxnf k'?ifdf x'g] lg;Gtfgkg ;DaGwL ;d:ofsf] ;kmn pkrf/ tyf k/fdz{ . cGo /f] ux? M Uofli6«s, cN;/, kfoN;, lkm;/, lkm:6'nf, hl08;, tyf ljleGg ksf/sf dfgl;s ;d:ofsf] ;kmn pkrf/ . lj/fdL r] shf“r ug] { ;do M ;Dks{ kmf] g g+= M kmf] gaf6 klg gfd ljxfg & ah] b] lv % ah] ;Dd (*$$!!*)!(, (*)^@%!&() btf{ ug{ ;lsG5 . xfdf ;] jfx? M l bIf tyf cg'ejL 8fS6/åf/f kTo]s lbg lj/fdL r]shfFr l pTs[i6 Kofyf] nf] hL Nofj l kmfd] {;L

lzjd\ cf/f] Uo s] Gb

;Dks{ M 3f]/fxL, bfª -t'n;Lk'/ rf]sb]lv !)) ld= klZrd b]p/fnL bf] xf]/L ;fFemsf] bf];f] tNnfdf_ gf] 6 M zlgjf/ tyf ljbfsf] lbg klg lSnlgs v'Nnf x'g] 5 .

5fnf tyf of}g /f]u ljz]if1 8f= 3f]/fxL bfªdf -oxL c;f/ & ut]sf lbg_

wgjGt/L cfo'j]{b xl:k6n P08 l/;r{ ;]G6/ sf7df8f} +sf jl/i7 5fnf tyf of} g /f]u ljz]if1 8fS6/åf/f oxL c;f/ & ut]sf lbg :jf:Yo kl/If0f ul/g] x'“Fbf ljz]if1 ;]jfsf] nfe lng'xf];\ . 8fS6/åf/f lbg] pkrf/ ;]jfx? M

5fnf M cg'xf/df ePsf bfu, 8l08kmf]/, rfof, sfnf]kf]tf] , sf]7L, kmf]sf, b'jL, d';f, lhp lrnfpg] , PnhL{ tyf ;Dk"0f{ 5fnfhGo /f]ux?sf] ;kmn pkrf/ ;]jf .  zL3 ktg, wft' v:g] , of}g ;Gt'li6 gx'g] , pd]/cg';f/ of}g c+usf] ljsf; gePsf], ln+u pQ]hgf gx'g] cflb ;d:ofx?sf] ;kmn pkrf/ .  dlxgfjf/L u8a8L, tNnf] k]6 b'Vg], ;]tf] kfgL aUg], of}gL lrnfpg], ;?jf of}ghGo /f]ux?, of}g c+usf] ljsf; gePsf] .  l;kmln;, ugf]l/of tyf cGo ;?jf of}g/f]ux? / xdf]g{ n ;d:ofx?sf] ;kmn pkrf/ . cg'xf/df ePsf sf]7L, 8l08kmf]/ / kmf]sfsf] cTofw'lgs d]lzgsf] kof]uåf/f pkrf/ ul/g] ePsfn] To:tf lj/fdLn] oyfzL3 ;Dks{ ug'{xf]nf .

lj/fdL hf“Rg] ldlt tyf ;do M oxL c;f/ & ut]sf lbg

kmf]gaf6 klg gfd btf{ ug{ ;lsg]5 .

dftf dgsfdgf cf/f]Uo lSnlgs kf= ln= Go"/f]8 3f]/fxL, bfª, kmf]g M )*@–%^@(*#, df] = (*$&*&&!!$

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5} gg\ . cfkm\gf] 3/ cufl8sf] lj?jfdf dn, kfgL xfNg] , uf] 8d] n ug] { ;fdfGo bfloTj ef8fdf a:g] jf 3/wgL h;n] klg ug'{kg] {5 . d] / f] 3/ xf] Og eGg] t/ ToxL 3/df cf] t nfUg] 5'6 s;} nfO{ x'g] 5} g . 3/wgLn] axfndf a;fNg' cl3 6f] nsf lgod x/] s JolQmnfO{ atfOlbg'kg] {5 . axfn a;] sfn] uNtL u/] df klxnf 3/wgLnfO{ af] nfP/ cfjZos sf/jfxL z'? ul/g] 5 . a] jfl/;] kmf] xf] / v;fNg] nfO{ sfg"g cg';f/ hl/jfgf jf cGo sf/jfxL ul/g] j8f sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . kmf] xf] / s;sf] 3/af6 cfPsf] xf] eGg] klxrfgsf nflu ljljw t/Lsfn] cg';Gwfg ul/g] 5 . s;n] kmfn] sf] eGg] kQf gnfu] ;Dd cg';Gwfg hf/L /flvg] 5 . cfkm\gf] 3/ cufl8sf] gfnf kmf] xf] / ePsf] jf y'lgPsf] lhDdf klg 3/wgLn] lng'kg] {5 . j8f If] qdf axfndf a:g] x?n] klg d] / f] j8f xf] eGg] ckgTjsf] Jojxf/ kbz{g ug'{kg] {5 . csf{sf] 3/, csf{sf] 6f] n eg] / dgk/L ug{ s;} nfO{ klg 5'6 gx'g] u/L sfo{of] hgf lgdf{0f ul/Psf] 5 . 5f] 6f] ;dod} j8f ;'Gb/ au} +rfn] el/k"0f{ b] lvg] 5 . s] xL lbgd} of] hgf lgdf{0f u/L oyfzL3 sfof{Gjogdf Nofpg] j8f sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 .

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rf} w/Lsf] cWoIftfdf a;] sf] a} 7sn] gd"gf ljBfno 5gf] 6 u/L cg'bfgsf] ?kdf ah] 6 pknAw u/fpg] , cfufdL cfly{s jif{ @)&%÷)&^ df gu/kflnsfleq /x] sf dfWolds txsf ljBfnodf cWoog/t ljBfyL{x?sf] aLrdf elnan, km"6jn, lqms] 6 v] nsf] klt:kwf{ klxnf] r/0fdf j8f:t/df u/fpg] / To;kl5 d] o/ sk kltof] lutf cfof] hgf ug{] lg0f{o u/] sf] 5 . a} 7sn] ndxL c:ktfndf cN6«f;fp08 -lel8of] PS;/] _ d] l;g v/Lb ug{] lg0f{o u/] sf] 5 . o:t} ndxL c:ktfndf d] l8sn clws[t s/f/df lgo'Qm ug{] lg0f{o a} 7sn] u/] sf] 5 . ;f] gk'/ :jf:Yo rf} sLsf] ejg lgdf{0f ug{ cfjZos ah] 6 Aoj:yf ug{ ;DjlGwt lgsfonfO{ cfux ug] { lg0f{o klg a} 7sn] u/] sf] 5 .

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df5fkfns s[ifsnfO{ tflnd o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf u9jf, @* h] 7 . u9jf ufp“kflnsfsf] ;xof] u / u9jf ufp“kflnsf:t/Lo df5f Ans ;~rfng ;ldltsf] cfof] hgfdf h] 7 @% ut] b] lv z'? ePsf] tLglbg] df5fkfng tflnd cfOtjf/ ;dfkg ul/Psf] 5 . ufp“kflnsfsf cWoIf ;xh/fd ofbjsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] ;dfkg sfo{qmddf tflndsf ;xefuLx?nfO{ kdf0fkq ljt/0f ul/Psf] lyof] . tflnddf ufp“kflnsfsf ;a} h;f] j8fx?af6 ## hgf df5fkfns ls;fgx?, s[lif kfljlws tyf s[lif sn] hsf ljBfyL{x?sf] pkl:ylt lyof] . ufp“kflnsf:t/Lo df5f Ans ;~rfng ;ldltsf ;+of] hs dx] z/fh zdf{n] tflndsf] ;+of] hg ug'{ePsf] lyof] eg] lhNnf s[lif ljsf; sfof{no slknj:t'sf dT:o ljsf; clws[t lji0f'k;fb vgfnn] klzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] . u9jf ufp“kflnsfsf cWoIf ;xh/fd ofbjsf]

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cWoIftfdf ePsf] ;dfkg sfo{qmddf u9jf ufp“kflnsf s[lif ljsf; zfvf kd'v kjL0fs'df/ rf} w/L, ;xefuLx? x] d/fh clwsf/L, OGbf xdfnnufotn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf af] Nb} cWoIf ofbjn] ;kmn df5fkfns ls;fg aGg o; tflndaf6 pTk] / 0ff ldnf] ;\ eGb} o; If] qnfO{ df5f hf] gsf] ?kdf lrgfpg df5fkfns ls;fgnfO{ cfJxfg ug'{eof] . ;dfkg sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng gjLg u} / ] n] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

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(*$&*#!*$(, (*)(*^))&& bpun.magar@gmail.com

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/f] sf, kd'v lhNnf clwsf/L e'k] Gb ;fksf] 6f, ko{6g tyf xf] 6n Joj:yfkg klti7fg g] kfnsf kd'v klzIfs dg/fh vqL, ^ gDa/ j8fsf cWoIf b] jaxfb'/ a'9f, & gDa/ j8f cWoIf wgdfg /f] sfnufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] . tflnddf ko{6gsf nflu vfglkg, 3/af;, lzi6frf/, Jojxf/, ko{6snfO ;Ddfg cflb ljifodf l;sfOPsf] 5 . k"jL{ ?s'd d"ntM ko{6sLo lhNnf ePsfn] oxf“ xf] d:6] cfjZos /x] sf] :yfgLosf] hf] 8 5 . k'yf / l;:g] lxdfn, sdn tfn tyf du/ ;+: s[lt oxf“sf d'Vo cfsif{0f x'g\ . k"jL{ ?s'ddf ko{6g ka4{gsf] /fdf] ;Defjgf /x] sf] / To;sf nflu xf] d:6] cfjZos ePsfn] tflnd lbg yflnPsf] e'd] ufp“kflnsfsf kd'v kzf;sLo clws[t rGbl;+x >] i7n] atafpg'eof] .

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dx]zL, kfON; -Pails_, gf;"/ (Fistulla_ aaf;L/, euGb/, xfO8«f];Ln, lkm;/, dnåf/df df;' knfPsf], lb;f ubf{ /ut b]lvPsf] /f]usf] ljgfck/]zg cf} iflwåf/f Uof/]G6Lsf ;fy pkrf/ ul/G5 .

+ 8f=kL= d08n + 7]ufgf M s[i0fgu/ af]8{/ ef/tLo eG;f/ ljefub]lv cufl8 df]8sf]

5]pFdf -/fh' zfxLsf] ;6/_ a9gL ;Dks{ M (*!!(*$@&)÷(*^#^%*#)) gf]6 M /f]u lgsf] geP k} ;f lkmtf{ . g]kfn ;/sf/

dfnkf] t sfof{no t'n;Lk'/ bfªsf] ;fj{hlgs ;"rgf † bfª lhNnf t'n;Lk'/ p=d=g=kf= j8f g+= !! a:g] v8\saxfb'/ bdfO{n] lgDg lnlvt hUuf >]:tfsfod u/L kfpF egL lgj] bg lbg'ePsf] x'bF f ;a}sf] hfgsf/Lsf] nflu of] ;"rgf ksflzt ul/Psf] 5 . lgj] bssf] gfddf >]:tfsfod x'g' gkg] { sf/0f eP jf c? s;} sf] gfddf ;d] t >]:tfsfod x'gk' g{] eP jf lgj] bs afx] s c? xsjfnf klg eP sf/0f / kdf0f;lxt of] ;"rgf ksflzt ePsf] ldltn] #% lbgleq lgj] bssf] gfddf >]:tf sfod x'g' gkg] { sf/0f v'nfO{ c?sf] klg xs nfUg] eP kdf0f;lxt / gfd;f/L ug'k{ g] { jf c? klg xsjfnf eP xsjfnfn] cfkm\gf] lhsL/;lxt lgj] bg ug{ cfpg'xf] nf . ;doleq bfjL lj/f] w ug{ gcfP sfg"g adf] lhd e} hfg] Aoxf] /f ;"lrt ul/G5 .

lgj]bsn] >]:tfsfod ug{ dfu u/]sf] hUufsf] ljj/0f uf=lj=;= j8f g+= lsQf g+= If] qkmn hUufwgLsf] gfd p/x/L ^v $&# )–@–% v8\saxfb'/ bdfO{ o;df pNn]lvt lgj]bsn] pQm hUufsf] df]7 >]:tf hnL gi6 ePsf] xfn;Dd klg pQm hUufsf] >]:tfsfod gePsf], hf]t ef]u lgh h=w= n] g} u/]sf], sf]xL s;} nfO{ ljqmL ljt/0f gu/]sf]n] hn]sf] df]7 >]:tf sfod u/LkfpF egL lgj]bg dfu u/]sf]n] lgj]bssf] dfu cg';f/ x'g'kg{] xf] jf c? s;}sf] gfddf ;d]t x'gkg{] eP ksflzt ;"rgfsf] xb Dofbleq cfjZos kdf0f ;lxt bfjL lj/f]w ug{ cfpg'xf]nf .

;'/lIft s'v/' f tyf bfgf Joj;foL ;ldlt 3f] /fxL, bfª cfhsf] s'v/' f / df;s' f] d"No;"rL lhpFbf] s'v/' f klt s] =hL= ?= !*).– k]m; df;' klt s] =hL= ?= @*).– cWoIf M (*$&*%##)! clkm; M )*@–%^)@#!

;xf/f oftfoft kflnsf] v'zL va/ 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f gDa/ !% df s] GbLo sfof{no :yfkgf u/L o; ;xf/f oftfoft kflnn] bfª—sf7df8f}+ /flq a; ;] jf ;~rfng u/] sf] ;Dk"0f{ ofq'ju{nfO{ hfgsf/L 5 . cfh;Dd xfdf] ;] jfnfO{ ljZjf; u/L o; ;xf/f oftfoft kflnsf ;~hLjgL zf} rfno;lxtsf l8nS; a;df ofqf ug{'ePsf] df ;a} ofq'nfO{ wGojfb lbFb} oxL ldlt @)&% h] 7 @& ut] b] lv bfª—sf7df8f}+ / sf7df8f}+—bfª lbjf a; ;] jf ;~rfng ug{ nfu] sf] ;xif{ hfgsf/L u/fpFb} ;] jf lng ;a} df cg'/ f] w ub{5f} + . l6s6 a'lsªsf nflu ;Dks{ M ;xf/f oftfoft kfln t'n;Lk'/ M (*!@*@)(*) kwfg sfof{no, 3f]/fxL bfª 3f]/fxL M (*!)((#***÷(*!)!&!%&& kmf]g gDa/ M ndxL M (*)^@@%@#% )*@—%^#@!$÷(*!*^$$@^% sf7df8f}+ M (*^)**!$^&

lahf} / L, @* h] 7 . t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !* n] cfk\mgf j8f ;b:ox?sf] nflu kf“rj6f lhDd] jf/L tf] s] sf] 5 . j8fWoIf dfwj cf] nLsf] cWoIftfdf a;] sf] a} 7sn] :yfgLo ;/sf/ ;~rfng P] gdf pNn] lvt j8f ;ldltsf] sfd st{Jo / clwsf/cGtu{t kf“rj6f clwsf/sf] lhDd] jf/L af“8kmf“8 u/] sf] 5 . j8fleqsf of] hgf th{'df sfof{Gjog tyf cg'udgsf nflu ;b:o wgaxfb'/ a:g] t, tYof+s cWofjlws tyf ;+/ If0fsf nflu dlxnf ;b:o h'luGof rf} w/L, ljsf;

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lgoldt sIffx? : Computer: Basic, Diploma, Advance English Language : Basic, Diploma, Advanced Diploma, IELTS Motivational Training : ;'t]sfx?nfO{ hufpg], hfu]sfnfO{ bf}8fpg], bf}8]sfnfO{ nIo;Dd k'¥ofO{ hLjgnfO{ ;kmn, ;'vL, zlQmzfnL / cfglGbt agfpg ;a} dfgjsf nflu pkof]uL .

g]zgn OlG:6Ro'6

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NIHE

lh=;=;= /f]8, 3f]/fxL–!%, bfª Ph. : 082-560801, 9847993412

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o; o'lgs xf]6]n P08 nhsf] nflu s]xL sd{rf/L cfjZostf k/]sf] x'Fbf OR5's JolQmn] t'?Gt ;Dks{ ug'{xf]nf . != s's Ol08og tGb'/L ! -Ps_ hgf @= s's rfOlgh ! -Ps_ hgf #= x]Nk/ @ -b'O{_ hgf $= j]6/ @ -b'O{_ hgf tna M cfk;L ;dembf/Ldf

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lkpg] / 3/ lgdf{0fsf nflu 7"nf] 6\of+s/ ePsf] , #%) lkm6 ulx/fOaf6 af]l/ª ul/Psf] z'4 lkpg] kfgL pknAw 5 .

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z'4 kfgL rflxPdf z'esfdgf jf6/ ;Knfo;{

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(June 12, 2018)

www.nayayougbodh.com

Goflos ;ldlt cf:yfaf6 kefljt x'g gx'g] q odnfn e';fn a'6jn, @* h] 7 . Gofodf ;xh kx'“rsf nflu :yfgLo Goflos ;ldltn] /fhgLlts cf:yfeGbf dfly p7] / sfd ug'{kg] { ;'emfj ;DalGwt If] qsf lj1x?n] lbPsf 5g\ . /fhgLlt ubf{ub{} :yfgLo txdf r'gfj lht] / cfPsf gu/kflnsfsf pkd] o/ / ufp“kflnsfsf pkfWoIfnfO{ Goflos ;ldltsf] ;+of] hssf] lhDd] jf/L lbOPsfn] Gofo ;Dkfbg ubf{ cfkmgf] /fhgLlts cf:yfnfO{ 5f8L lgikIf eP/ sfd ug'{ kg] {df hf] 8 lbOPsf] 5 . kb] z % sf] cfGtl/s dfldnf tyf sfg"g dGqfnoåf/f a'6jndf cfof] lht b'O{lbg] Gofodf ;xh kx“'rsf nflu :yfgLo Goflos ;ldltsf] e"ldsf ljifos sfo{qmdsf] ;f] djf/ ;dfkg

;df/f] xdf /fhgLlts kmf“6af6 cfPsf hgkltlglwx?nfO{ sfg"gsf] jf/] df 1fg gx“'bf sfo{ ;Dkfbgdf r'gf} tL cfpg] u/] sf] atfOPsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf cfGtl/s dfldnf tyf sfg"g dGqL s'nk;fb s] ;Ln] ljrf/ / cf:yfsf cfwf/df geO{ lgikIf9++un] sfo{ ;Dkfbg u/] df ljjfb gx'g] wf/0ff /fVg'eof] . dGqL s] ;Ln] Goflos ;ldltsf ;+of] hsx?nfO{ ga'em] sf s'/ fdf sfg"g dGqfno / GofofwLzx?;“u ;DfGjo u/L sfd ug{ lgb] {zg lbg'eof] . ;jf] {Rr cbfntsf GofofwLz ;kgf dNn kwfgn] ljjfb/lxt ;dfh lgdf{0fsf nflu Goflos ;ldltn] kf/bzL{ / lgikIf?kdf sfd ug'{ kg] {df hf] 8 lbg'eof] . pxf“Nf] ;dfhdf pTkGg ljjfbx?nfO{ hgtfsf] rfxgf kl/k"lt{ x'g] u/L sfo{ ;Dkfbg ul/Pdf ;d:of gcfpg]

wf/0ff /fVg'eof] . cfGtl/s dfldnf tyf sfg"g dGqfnosf ;lrj k] dk;fb e§/fO{n] ;Eo, ;'Gb/ / zflGtk"0f{ ;dfh lgdf{0fdf Goflos ;ldltsf] dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf x'g] x'gfn] d] / f] / p;sf] eGg] efjgf Gofo ;Dkfbgsf qmddf b] lvg gx'g] wf/0ff /fVg'eof] . ;'gjn gu/kflnsfsf pkd] o/ blw/fd cof{n, O:df ufp“kflnsfsL pkfWoIf ljdnf s] ;Lnufotn] :yfgLo txdf Goflos ;ldltn] d'2f ldnfp“bf lgikIf eP/ sfd ug'{kg] { wf/0ff /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . n'lDagL c~rnsf 5 lhNnfsf :yfgLo txsf Goflos ;ldltsf ;+of] hsx?sf] ;xeflutfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf GofofwLz ;kgf dNn kwfg, gl/Zj/ e08f/L, jfdb] j 1jfnL, /lhi6«f/ 9luGb s§] nnufotn] klzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof] .

/fli6«o ;/;kmfO ;Ktfx ;dfkg cfly{s cefjdf pkrf/ x'g ;s]g q wgs'df/ zfxL ?s'd -klZrd_, @* h] 7 . lhNnfsf] d';Lsf] 6 gu/kflnsfdf ;~rflnt !(cf} + /fli6«o ;/;kmfO ;Ktfx ;dfkg ePsf] 5 . ljleGg ;/sf/L tyf u} / ;/sf/L sfof{nosf] ;dGjodf lhNnf vfg] kfgL, ;/;kmfO tyf :jR5tf ;dGjo ;ldlt ?s'd klZrdsf] cfof] ] hgfdf d+unjf/b] lv z'? ul/Psf] /fli6«o ;/;kmfO ;Ktfx ;f] djf/ ;DkGg ePsf] xf] . ljZj jftfa/0f lbj;sf] cj;/ kf/] / z'? ul/Psf] /fli6«o ;/;kmfO ;Ktfx d';Lsf] 6 gu/kflnsfsf ljleGg ahf/ If] qdf ;/;kmfO, sf] 0f;ef / cGtlq{mof sfo{qmd u/] / ;DkGg ul/Psf] 5 . ;Ktfxsf] klxnf] lbg d';Lsf] 6 gu/kflnsf– @ df /x] sf] l;dvf] nf dlxnf ;fd'bflos jgdf a[Iff/f] k0f tyf lhNnf c:ktfn ;Nn] sf] kl/;/df ;/;kmfO u/] / z'? ul/Psf] sfo{qmd gu/kflnsf ! sf] vn+ufsf] a/fx6fs'/ f, tNnf] ahf/, sf/fuf/ 6f] n x'“b} sflnsf dlGb/ / afuahf/ To:t} j8f g+= # sf] lkkng] 6f / sf] n6fs'/ f, j8f g+= % sf] ;] / Lufp“df ;/;kmfO ul/Psf] lyof] . ;/;kmfO sfo{qmds} aLr–aLrdf ljleGg :yfgdf

;/;kmfO;DaGwL sf] 0f;ef / cGtlq{mof tyf a} 7s ul/Psf] cfof] hsn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5. ;/;kmfO ;Ktfx sfo{qmddf lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldltsf pkkd'v OlGb/f laPd gfy, d';Lsf] 6 gu/kflnsfsf kd'v b] jLnfn uf} td, kd'v lhNnf clwsf/L zDe'k;fb /] UdL, g] kfnL ;] gf g/l;+x bn u0f ;Nn] Aof/] ssf u0fklt lblUjho zfx, lhNnf kx/L sfof{no ?s'd klZrdsf kd'v kx/L gfoa pk/LIfs ;'ldt v8\sf, ;z:q kx/L ansf kd'v kx/L gfoj pk/LIfs ch'{gk;fb ;fksf] 6f, ljleGg ;/sf/L tyf u} / ;/sf/L sfof{nosf kd'v tyf kltlglw, g] kfnL ;] gf, g] kfn kx/L, ;z:q kx/L, kqsf/, :yfgLojf;Lnufotsf] ;xeflutf lyof] . …?s'd lhNnfsf] ;Eotf / ;d[l4, k"0f{ ;/;kmfOo'Qm hLjg k4lt . lbuf] ;/;kmfOsf] d'Vo cfwf/, :jR5 vfg] kfgL ;/;kmfOo'Qm afgL Aojxf/Ú eGg] d"n gf/fsf ;fy z'? ePsf] sfo{qmddf ;S5f} ;/;kmfO u/, ;Sb} gf} kmf] xf] / gu/, ;kmf ufp“ ;kmf zx/, ;'Gb/ hLjg xfdf] /x/nufotsf Kn] sf8{ / Aofg/;lxt ahf/ kl/qmdf ul/Psf] lyof] .

g]t[Tj ljsf; tflnd ;dfkg o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf 3f] / fxL, @* h] 7 . …lbuf] ljsf; / nIf kflKtsf nflu ;xsf/LÚ eGg] d"n gf/fsf ;fy z'? ul/Psf] kf“rlbg] ;xsf/L g] t[Tj ljsf; tflnd ;dfkg ul/Psf] 5 . ;xsf/L ljefusf] cfly{s ;xof] u / lhNnf ;xsf/L ;+3sf] cfof] hgfdf tflnd h] 7 @@ ut] b] lv z'? ePsf] lyof] . a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsf / 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/ kflnsfleqsf ;xsf/L ;+: yfsf kltlglwx?sf nflu cfof] hgf ul/Psf] tflnddf em08} @^ j6f ;xsf/L ;+: yfsf kltlglwx?sf] pkl:ylt lyof] . tflndkZrft ;xefuLx?nfO{ kdf0fkq ljt/0f ul/Psf] lyof] . tflnddf ;xsf/L ;+: yfsf] kl/ro, Joj:yfkg, d"No, dfGotf / l;4fGt, ;~rfnsx?sf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/, sfg'gL kfjwfgnufot d'Vo ljifox?df klzIf0f lbOPsf]

pkef]Qmf ============== nflu sfd ug{] u} ;;x?n] pkef] Qmf clwsf/nfO{ dfgjclwsf/s} cleGg c+u agfO{ cleofgsf] ?kdf lzIff, ;r] tgf / cg'udg sfo{df ;/sf/L lgsfo;“u ;fem] bf/L jf ;xof] uLsf] ?kdf sfo{ ug{] . -!!_ ljifout sfof{no / :yfgLo txdf pkef] Qmfx?sf] ;] jfdf ;xhtf Nofpg pkef] Qmf ;] jf 8] S;sf] kefjsf/L sfof{Gjog ul/of] ;\ . -!@_ pkef] Qmf bfloTjsf kf“r

lyof] . To:t} ;xsf/L ;+: yfaf/] cGo ljifox?df u/L !* j6f ljifodf klzIf0f lbOPsf] lyof] . g] t[Tj ljsf; tflndsf klzIfsdf lhNnf ;xsf/L ;+3sf cWoIf uf] ljGbk;fb zdf{, pkfWoIf z] if'/ fd e08f/L, ;lrj s[i0fk;fb zdf{, sf] iffWoIf ls/0f e08f/L, lhNnf ax'p2] Zo ;xsf/L ;+3sf ;lrj z'qm/fh e08f/L, /fli6«o ;xsf/L a} +ssf kd'v gf/fo0f a] naf;] , ;xsf/L l8lehg sfof{nosf kd'v ljgf] b kf} 8] n /xg'ePsf] lyof] . ;+3sf cWoIf uf] ljGbk;fb zdf{sf] cWoIftf Pj+ lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldltsf kd'v lht] Gbdfg g] kfnLsf] kd'v cfltYotfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf ;xefuLsf tkm{af6 s[i0faxfb'/ If] qL / s[lif ;xsf/L ;+3sf cWoIf kb\df cfrfo{n] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddsf] ;xhLs/0f ;+3sf ;lrj s[i0fk;fb zdf{n] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . l;4fGt, kltlqmofTds ;r] tgf -critical awareness_, xfgL / dsf{la?4sf] ph'/ Lsf ;+nUgtf -Involvement and Action_, ;fdflhs pQ/bfloTj -social Responsibility_, kof{j/0fLo h} ljs pQ/bfloTj -Eco -biological Responsibility) P] Soa4tf -Solidarity_ nfO{ sfof{Gjogdf Nofpg] jftfj/0f l;h{gf ul/of] ;\ . -n] vs pkef] Qmf lxt ;+/ If0f d~rsf s] GbLo ;b:o x'g'x'G5_

q lht] Gb a'9fyf] sL ?s'dsf] 6, @* h] 7 . kfoM nfdf] skfn kfNg' dlxnfsf] ljz] iftf dflgG5 . t/ k"jL{ ?s'dsf] ?s'dsf] 6sL Ps lszf] / L ;fg} df skfn emg] { ;d:ofn] kLl8t ePsL 5g\ . cfly{s cefjn] pgsf] kl/jf/n] pkrf/ ug{ ;s] sf] 5} g . l;:g] ufp“kflnsf–% ?s'dsf] 6sL !^ jifL{of lszf] / L ;'ifdf a'9fyf] sL of] ;d:ofaf6 kLl8t ePsf] tLg jif{ eO;s] sf] 5 . of] jif{ P;OO k/LIff lbP/ a;] sL a'9fyf] sLsf] pkrf/sf nflu kxn eP klg cfly{s cefjsf sf/0f ;fy{s x'g ;s] sf] 5} g . …xfdLn] Psk6s sf7df8f} +df nu] / hf“r u/fPsf lyof} +Ú– ';'ifdfdf bfh" uf] kfn a'9fyf] sLn] eGg'eof] – …8fS6/n] tLg dlxgfsf nflu cf} iflw n] v] klg cfly{s cefjn] Ps dlxgfsf] dfq} cf} iflw lnPsf 5f} +, s'g} kefj

3f] / fxL, @* h] 7 . 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflsnf–!% z'qmky6f] ndf /x] sf] e'x\ of/yfgdf ;f9] b'O{ nfv nufgLdf 6«; lgdf{0f sfo{ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . 3f] / fxL pk– dxfgu/kflnsfsf] Ps nfv !* xhf/ Ps ;o &@ cg'bfg ;xof] u / 6f] n ljsf; ;+: yfsf] Ps nfv !* xhf/ tLg ;o @*

gb] lvPkl5 cf} iflw vfg 5fl8g\ .Ú cfly{s cj:yf lgs} sdhf] / ePsfn] pkrf/ ug{ g;lsPsf] kl/jf/n] hgfPsf 5g\ . ;fy} kl/jf/n] pkrf/sf nflu ;xof] u ul/lbg cg'/ f] w u/] sf 5g\ . ;xof] u ug{ rfxg] n] (*)#&^&#%% jf (*^(@*@@)^ df ;Dks{ ug{ ;lsg] lj/fdLsf bfh" uf] kfn a'\9fyf] sLn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ;fy} ke' a} +sdf uf] kfn a'9fyf] sLs} gfddf /x] sf] vftf gDa/ !%&)!))!)#%!!^)))))! df ;xof] u hDdf ul/lbg klg kl/jf/n] cg'/ f] w u/] sf] 5 .

?k} of“ u/L b'O{ nfv ^# xhf/ b'O{ ;o %) ?k} of“sf] nufgLdf e'x\of/yfgdf 6«; lgdf{0f ul/Psf] xf] . gu/af6 kfKt /sdn] dfq} lgdf{0f sfo{ ;DkGg x'g g;s] kl5 6f] n ljsf; ;+: yfn] /sd p7fP/ lgdf{0f ;DkGg ul/Psf] ;+: yfsf cWoIf e'k] Gb ;'j] bLn] atfpg'eof] . Pp6f sf] 7f;lxtsf] 6«; lgdf{0f sfo{ ;DkGg eP klg /ª/f] ug ug{ eg] afsL /x] sf] pxf“n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf b] pv'/ L, @* h] 7 . ;fdflhs d"No dfGotfdf cfwfl/t n} +lus lje] b tyf lx+;f Go"gLs/0f ug{ ;d'bfosf gful/sx?sf] e"ldsf dxTjk"0f{ x'g] ;f] djf/ ndxLdf cfof] lht sfo{qmdsf ;xefuLx?n] atfPsf 5g\ . ljkGg tyf ;LdfGts[t ljz] ifu/L dlxnfx?sf] ;'/ Iff cj:yf / r'gf} tL;DjGwL ;fdflhs d"No dfGotfdf cfwfl/t n} +lus lje] b tyf lx+;f Go"gLs/0f ljifos tflndsf ;xefuLx?n] n} +lus lx+;f tyf lje] bnfO{ k>o lbg] vfnsf ;fdflhs d"No dfGotfx? kl/jt{g ug'{kg{] df hf] 8 lbPsf x'g\ . ;r{ km/ sdg ufp08sf] ;xof] udf dfgj sNof0f tyf jftfj/0f ;+/ If0f s] Gbsf] cfof] hgfdf ndxLdf tflnd z'? ePsf] xf] . n} +lustfdf cfwfl/t lx+;f / n} +lus ;+j] bgzLntf, ;fd'bflos d"No / dfGotf, n} +lus lje] b tyf lx+;f kf] T;flxt ug] { ;fdflhs d"NodfGotf / ltgLx?sf] klxrfg, o;sf c;/x?, 3/] n' lx+;f tyf of} ghGo b'Ao{jxf/ / o;sf] Go"gLs/0fsf nflu ePsf kof; tyf ;xof] u, n} +lus lje] b tyf lx+;f kf] T;flxt ug] { ;fdflhs

cfjZos /x] sf] atfpg'eof] . ;f] cj;/df o'jf ;dfh;] jL u0f] zdfg rf} w/L, chDd/L ;fd'bflos jg pkef] Qmf ;d"xsf cWoIf k'gf/fd s] ;Lnufotsf jQmfx?n] dGtAo AoQm ug{'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmd ;+of] hs dfwj e';fnsf] :jfut dGtAoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/0f df] afOn ;+3sf dxf;lrj /fh] zs'df/ u'Ktfn] ug{'ePsf] lyof] .

g] kfnu~h, @* h] 7 . ;'g;/LsL !( jifL{of lszf] / L bnfnsf] knf] egdf kl/g\ . s'j] tdf /fdf] sdfO x'G5 eGg] nlnkkdf k/] / pgL g] kfnu~h cfOk'lug\ . dw] zL ;d'bfosL lszf] / L wf] tL -;f/L_ nufP/ cfPsL lyOg\ . bnfnn] pgnfO{ kfOG6 / l6;6{ lsg] / nufOlbP . skfn sf6] / ldnfOlbP . ufp“af6 cfPsf] h:tf] geO{ zxl/of h:tf] /fdf] b] vfpg g] kfnu~h cfOk'Ubf bnfnn] olt sfd u/] . slxNo} kfOG6 / l6;6{ gnufPsf lszf] / LnfO{ v;v; x'g' :jfefljs g} lyof] . pgL Ps jif] { b"w] afns 5f] 8] / cfPsL lyOg\ . oL lszf] / L;“u} c? b'O{ dlxnfnfO{ klg bnfnn] g] kfnu~h;Dd NofO{ k'¥ofPsf lyP . PshgfnfO{ klxnf g} NofP/ b'O{ lbgb] lv g] kfnu~hsf]

wDaf] emLrf] sglhs /x] sf] xf] 6ndf /fv] sf lyP . dlxgfsf] () b] lv Ps nfv ?k} of“ x'G5 eg] / bnfnn] dlxnfx?nfO{ eg] sf lyP . oL tLghgfnfO{ bnfnn] ef/t x'“b} s'j] t k'¥ofpg] ;'/ ;f/ ub} { lyP . logLx?nfO{ gfsf kf/ u/fpg] lhDdf g] kfnu~hs} ;'lgtfsf] lyof] . wDaf] emLrf] sd} c? lhNnfsf] h:tf] z+sf nfu] / s] cfO{ g] kfnsL O~rfh{ ckgf e§sf] 6f] nLn] s] / sf/ u¥of] . lbbLsf] 3/df cfPsf] nufotsf axfgf agfP klg s] / sf/ ul//x] kl5 jf:tljstf aflx/ cfof] . dfgj a] rlavgla?4 sfd ul//x] sf] s] cfO{ g] kfnn] b'O{hgfnfO{ ToxL+af6 ;f] wk'5sf nflu lnPkl5 csL{nfO{ xf] 6naf6 lgsfn] sf] lyof] . To;kl5 bnfn ;'lgtfnfO{ kx/Ldfkm{t ;dfTg nufof] . ;'lgtfla?4 dfgj a] rlavg tyf cf] ;f/k;f/ d'2f btf{ ul/Psf] 5 .

d"No dfGotfnfO{ kl/jt{g ug] { klqmofnfO{ ;3fpg cfkm\ gf] 7fp“af6 s] ug] { ljifodf 5nkmn ePsf] 5 . ; f d ' b f l o s d"NodfGotfdf cfwfl/t n} +lus lje] b tyf lx+;fsf sf/0f kg{ uPsf] ] dgf] ;fdflhs ;d:of tyf k/fdz{, n} +lus cNk;+Voskltsf] lje] b / Go"gLs/0fsf nflu ul/Psf sfo{x?, n} +lus lje] b tyf lx+;f kf] T;flxt ug] { ;fdflhs d"No dfGotfnfO{ sd ug{sf nflu pknAw ;fwg ;f] tx?af/] 5nkmn ePsf] ;r{ km/ sdg ufp08sf lhNnf ;+of] hs /fh] Gb clwsf/Ln] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . tflnddf j8f ;b:o, d] nldnfkstf{, cfdf ;d"xsf ;b:o, o'jf ;~hfn, lgu/fgL ;d"xsf ;b:ox?sf] ;xeflutf 5 . tflndsf] klzIfsdf ;r{ km/ sdg ufp08sf lhNnf ;+of] hs /fh] Gb clwsf/L, o;cl3 dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf sfof{nodf sfo{/ t xfn ndxL gu/kflnsf j8f g+= $ sf ;lrj sNkgf vgfn, dfgj sNof0f tyf jftfj/0f ;+/ If0f s] Gb kx'“r kl/of] hgfsf ;+of] hs lul//fh e6\6 /xg' ePsf] ;fdflhs kl/rfns j;Gt rf} w/Ln] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

Ko'7fg, @* h] 7 . lhNnf cbfnt Ko''7fgdf d'2fsf] ;+Vof a9] sf] 5 . rfn' cfly{s jif{df b'O{ ;o $* d'2f btf{ ePsf] lhNnf cbfnt Ko'7fgn] hgfPsf] 5 . cl3Nnf] jif{sf] Ps ;o @) j6f d'2f;lxt tLg ;o ^* d'2f /x] sf] cbfntsf >] : t] bf/ k] dk;fb kf} 8] nn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . pxf“sf cg';f/ b'O{ ;o @& j6f d'2f km} ;nf eO;s] sf 5g\ . pxf“sf cg';f/ afnljjfx !#, ax'ljjfx !@, hah{: tL s/0fL @$, ;DaGw ljR5] b ^) / 3/] n' lx+;fsf] d'2f Pp6f k/] sf] 5. d] nldnfksf nflu k7fOPsf #% j6f d'2f dWo] kf“rj6f d'2f ;kmn ePsf 5g\ . Ps jif{ gf3] sf] d'2f !& j6f /x] sf] >] : t] bf/ kf} 8] nn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ;do tflnsf agfP/ sfd u/] sf 5f} +Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – o; jif{ cl3Nnf] jif{eGbf a9L d'2f km} ;nf x'g] b] lvG5 . cl3Nnf] cfly{s jif{df eGbf o; jif{df bf] Aa/ d'2f k/] sf] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] . gof“ ;+/ rgfcg';f/ :yfgLo ;/sf/;“u} Goflos ;ldlt u7g eP klg lhNnf cbfntdf d'2f btf{ x'g] ;+Vofdf sdL gePsf] lhNnf GofofwLz x] daxfb'/ ;] gn] atfpg'eof] . lhNnf cbfntn] j} tlgs jlsnsf] Joj:yf, d] nldnfk s] Gb, afnd} qL sIff ;~rfng u/] / ;j{;fwf/0fnfO{

d'Vo bnfn eg] km/f/ /x] sf 5g\ . sf7df8f} +af6 a;df /fv] / k7fOPsf dlxnfnfO{ gfsf s6fpg] lhDdf ;'lgtfsf] lyof] . gfsf s6fPjfkt Pshgfsf] bz xhf/ kfpg] a'lemPsf] 5 . oL tLghgfsf] kf;kf] 6{ bnfn cfkm} n] agfOlbPsf] pgLx?n] atfP . ;'g;/Ls} lszf] / LnfO{ ef/t x'“b} s'j] t hfg] s'/ f yfxf lyPg . csL{ Ps dlxnf eg] Psk6s vf8L uP/ cfO;s] sL x'g\ . ltg} hgfnfO{ s] cfO{ g] kfndf /flvPsf] 5. pgLx?nfO{ cleefjsnfO{ af] nfP/ lhDdf nufpg] tof/L ePsf] e§n] atfOg\ . g] kfnL r] nLnfO{ ef/t x'“b} vf8Ldf k'¥ofpg bnfnn] z'?d} kf;kf] 6{, ef8f, sk8fb] lv 3/df clnslt k} ;f 5f] l8lbg] ;Dd u/] sf] kfOPsf] 5 . dfgj a] rlavg tyf cf] ;f/k;f/sf nflu g] kfnu~h gfsf cufl8 cfp“5 .

xfdf l5d]sL Pj+ 3lgi6 ldq ;'lgns'df/ dGqL / clgns'df/ dGqLsL ddtfdoL cfdf ndxL lgjf;L ufoqLb]jL dGqLsf] oxL @)&% h]7 @# ut]sf lbg *! jif{sf] pd]/df ePsf] c;fdlos lgwgn] xfdL ddf{xt ePsf 5f}+ . o; b'Mvb 38Ldf lbj+ut cfTdfsf] lr/zflGtsf] sfdgf ub}{ zf]s;GtKt kl/jf/hgklt ulx/f] ;dj]bgf ks6 ub{5f}+ .

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;d:t dxb]jf ;f=j=p=;= kl/jf/ u9jf uf=kf=–@ dxb]jf b]pv'/L, bfª

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ndxL–^ b] pk'/ lgjf;L o; b] pv'/ L JofkL k/LIff ;ldltsf cfGtl/s n] vf ;ldltsf ;+of] hs /f] j/axfb'/ s] =;L=sL ddtfdoL cfdf ?sLb] jL vqLsf] oxL @)&% a} zfv !) ut] sf lbg () jif{sf] pd] / df ePsf] b'Mvb lgwgn] xfdL ddf{xt ePsf 5f} + . o; b'Mvb 38Ldf lbj+ut cfTdfsf] lr/zflGtsf] sfdgf ub} { zf] s;GtKt kl/jf/hgklt w} o{wf/0f ug] { zlQm ldnf] ;\ egL ulx/f] ;dj] bgf ks6 ub{5f} + .

gf/fo0f k= dhu}ofF s'nrGb kf}8n] zlzw/ 1jfnL sf]iffWoIf ;lrj cWoIf tyf b]pv'/L JofkL k/LIff ;ldlt kl/jf/ ndxL b]pv'/L, bfª

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o; ;+:yfsf ;+:yfks ;b:o tyf z]o/ ;b:o b'uf{ vgfnsf] oxL @)&% h]7 !& ut]sf lbg $^ jif{sf] pd]/df ePsf] c;fdlos lgwgn] xfdL ;a} ddf{xt Pj+ :tAw ePsf 5f}+ . cfh !# cf}+ lbgsf] k'0oltlydf lbj+ut cfTdfsf] lr/zflGtsf] sfdgf ub{} zf]sfs"n kl/jf/hgklt w}o{wf/0f ug{ ;Sg] zlQm kfKt xf]; egL ulx/f] ;dj]bgf ks6 ub{5f} + . a;Gt cfrfo{ 7fs'/k;fb e08f/L xl/axfb'/ yfkf ;lrj Joj:yfks cWoIf Pj+

5xf/L art tyf C0f ;=;+= ln kl/jf/ ndxL g=kf–% b]pv'/L, bfª

;] jf lbPsf] GofofwLz ;] gn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . lhNnf cbfnt / ;jf] {RRf cbfnt k'g/fj] bg cbfntdf cgnfOg tf] ssf] ;d] t Joj:yf ul/Psf] pxf“n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . :yfgLo txdf ul7t Goflos ;ldltn] d] nldnfksf] sfd dfq u/fPsf] g] kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3 Ko'7fgsf cWoIf dxfjL/ /fgf du/n] atfpg'eof] . /fgfn] eGg'eof] – …;ldltsf ;b:ox? ;d] t Gofo ;Dkfbg ug{] df :ki6 eO;s] sf 5} gg\ . /fhgLlts bnaf6 ljhoL ePsfn] ;j{;fwf/0fn] ljZjf; ug] { jftfj/0f ;d] t aGg g;s] sf] pxf“sf] egfO 5 . ufp“kflnsfsf pkfWoIfsf] ;+of] hsTjdf tLg ;b:oLo Goflos ;ldlt u7g u/] / d'2fdfldnf ldnfpg yfn] sf] P] / fjtL ufp“kflnsfsf pkfWoIf a'4 a:g] tn] ] atfpg'eof] . xfn;Dd ljleGg ksf/sf !# j6f d'2f k/] sf] df ;ft j6f ldnfkq ePsf] pxf“n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . 5f] 6f] ;dodf klg ufp“kflnsfsf] ljZjf; a9] sf] n] d'2fsf] ;+Vofdf a[l4 ePsf] pxf“sf] egfO 5 . To:t} ;?df/fgL ufp“kflnsfsf pkfWoIf dLgf ;f] d} n] …;ldlt u7g u/] / sfd z'? u/] sf 5f} +Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – … sfg"gsf s'/ f l;Sb} 5f} + .Ú ufp“kflnsfn] sfg'gL ;Nnfxsf/ ;d] t /fv] / ;xof] u lng] sfd u/] / pxf“n] atfpg'eof] .

;dj] bgf

;dj] bgf

xfdf cgGgo ;xof]uL Pj+ :yfkgf sfnb]lv jgx]/fn' kbdf /x]sf u9jf–# w}/]gL lgjf;L a[haxfb'/ s]=;L=sf] oxL @)&% h]7 @# ut]sf lbg ^% jif{sf] cTkfo'd} lgwg ePsf] x'Fbf pxfFsf] cfTdfsfs] lr/zflGtsf] sfdgf ub{} zf]sfs"n kl/jf/hgklt w}o{wf/0f ug{ ;Sg] zlQm kfKt xf]; egL ulx/f] ;dj]bgf ks6 ub{5f} + . lty{/fh 1jfnL dxfjL/ rf}w/L sf]lknf rf}w/L pkfWoIf ;lrj cWoIf Pj+

o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf

;dj] bgf

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g;{/L kfs{df a[Iff/f]k0f b] pv'/ L, @* h] 7 -o';_– b] pv'/ L df] afOn ;+3n] chDd/L ;fd'bflos jg If] qleq :yfkgf ul/Psf] ldgL g;{/ L kfs{df a[Iff/f] k0f u/] sf] 5 . ;+3sf cWoIf hfu] Zj/ a:ofnsf] cWoIftf Pj+ b] pv'/ L pBf] u jfl0fHo ;+3sf dxf;lrj sdnh+u l;+x 7s'/ Lsf] kd'v cfltYotfdf ePsf] a[Iff/f] k0f sfo{qmddf af] Nb} kd'v cltly l;+xn] ;fdflhs If] qsf] ljsf;df o'jfx?sf] g] t[TjbfoL e"ldsf

b] pv'/ L, @* h] 7 -o';_– Onfsf kx/L sfof{no cd] lnofn] eG;f/ 5n] / ef/taf6 g] kfn NofOPsf] s/Lj !$ nfv a/fa/sf] km] G;L sk8f a/fdb u/] sf] 5 . cfOtjf/ /flt kx/Ln] ef/tsf] lbNnLaf6 sf7df8f} + hf“b} u/] sf] gf % v ^#)@ g+=sf] a;af6 s/ 5n] / NofOPsf] km] G;L sk8f a/fdb ul/Psf] Onfsf kx/L sfof{no cd] lnofsf kx/L kd'v e/tl;+x /f7f] / n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . eG;f/ 5n] / nfvf} + d"No a/fa/sf] sk8f lelqPsf] uf] Ko ;"rgfsf] cfwf/df a;df vfg tnf;L ul/Psf] lyof] . b'O{ ;o ^* yfg z'?jfn s'tf{, &) yfg ;f8L, @) yfg n] x+uf rf] nL, @! hf] 8f n] l8h ;] +l8n, $@ hf] 8f n] l8h h'Qf, b'O{j6f uf8Lsf] 8fofgfdf, :jL6/, dkmn/nufotsf ;fdfg km] nf k/] sf] 5 . dsjfgk'/ x] 6f} 8f gu/kflnsf j8f g+= !! lgjf;L a; wgL ;+hf] s ltldlN;gfn] cfkm\g} k;nsf nflu tL ;fdfg nUg nfu] sf] kx/L ;dIf atfPsf 5g\ . a;wgL / a;nfO{ lgoGq0fdf lnP/ cg'';Gwfg eO/x] sf] kx/Ln] atfPsf] 5 .

;fdflhs d"No dfGotfdf lhNnf cbfnt Ko'7fgdf d'2f a9] n} +lus lje]b a9L

;f9] b'O{ nfvsf] nufgLdf 6«; lgdf{0f o'uaf]w ;dfrf/bftf

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xfdf] kf6L{ /fli6«o hgdf]rf{ ndxL gu/ sld6Lsf ;lqmo ;b:o b'uf{ vgfnsf] oxL @)&% h]7 !& ut]sf lbg $^ jif{sf] cNk pd]/df ePsf] c;fdlos lgwgn] xfdL ;a} ddf{xt Pj+ :tAw ePsf 5f}+ . cfh !# cf}+ lbgsf] k'0oltlydf lbj+ut zl//sf] lr/zflGtsf] sfdgf ub{} zf]sfs"n kl/jf/hgklt w}o{wf/0f ug{ ;Sg] zlQm kfKt xf]; egL ulx/f] ;dj]bgf ks6 ub{5f} + .

xl/axfb'/ yfkf -cWoIf_ Pj+ /fli6«o hgdf]rf{ ndxL gu/ sld6L b]pv'/L, bfª


CMYK

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@)&% ;fn h]7 @( ut] d+unjf/ (Jun. 12, 2018)

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www.nayayougbodh.com/E-mail: yougbodh@gmail.com

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q /fh] z zdf{ ;Nofg, @* h] 7 . ;Nofgdf kyd d] o/ sk /fli6«o s/f“t] kltof] lutf cfOtjf/b] lv z'? ePsf] 5 . afurf} / gu/kflnsf–@ yf/df/] ;Nofgdf …ufp“ gu/df v] n, /fli6«o Pstf / d] nÚ eGg] d"n gf/fsf ;fy cfOtjf/b] lv z'? ePsf] kltof] lutfsf] pb\3f6g kltlglw;ef ;b:o tyf k"j{;fdfGo kzf;gdGqL 6] saxfb'/ a:g] tn] ug'{ePsf xf] . cfOtjf/ klxnf] lbg ePsf] v] ncGtu{t dlxnf Psn sftfdf kb] z # sL Pl~hnf lwdfn kyd, cfof] hs l6d s0ff{nL kb] zsL kLlt rf} w/L låtLo, kb] z g+= ! sL kf;fª nfd' z] kf{ / %

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/ !& gDa/ j8f cWoIf yn/fh k'/ Ln] lg0f{o k'l:tsfdf c;xdlt JoQm ug'{ePsf] 5 . ljBfnosf kc nD;fnsf ut c;f] hb] lv cg';f/ lgdflj txsf] lj1fg ljifosf] b/aGbL l/Qm /x] sf] 5 . otf ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf 7fs'/ rf} w/Ln] cfkm"n] ;fdflhs ljifosf] lzIfs gePsfn] ;f] xL ljifosf] lzIfs Nofpg] lg0f{o u/] sf] atfpg'eof] . …x] 8;/ / j8fWoIfn] gf] 6 ckm l8;] G6 n] v] klg ax'dt kIfn] ;fdflhs ljifosf] lzIfs Nofpg] lg0f{o u/] sf] 5Ú– ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf rf} w/Ln] eGg'eof] – …ca h] u5{ lzIff ;ldltn] u5{ .Ú

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o; cGgk"0f{ cfjf;Lo dfWolds ljBfno 3f]/fxL, bfªnfO{ Pshgf lzIfssf] cfjZostf k/]sf]n] of]Uotf k'u]sf g]kfnL gful/sx?af6 b/vf:t cfx\jfg ul/G5 . ljifoM ;fdflhs txM df=lj= ;+VofM ! hgf z}lIfs of]UotfM B.Ed. jf ;f] ;/x lgo'lQmsf] lsl;dM lghL s/f/ k/LIff b:t'/M ?= @%).– k/LIffsf] lsl;dM lnlvt, df}lvs / kof]ufTds tna ;'ljwfM lj=Jo=;=sf] lg0f{ofg';f/ b/vf:t lbg] clGtd ldltM @)&%.#.! ut] lbgsf] !M#) ah];Dd ;+nUg sfuhftx?M z}lIfs of]Uotfsf kdf0fkq, cWoog cg'dltkq / gful/stfsf] kdfl0ft kltlnkL gf]6M dflyNnf] of]Uotf / cg'ejLnfO{ ljz]if ufx\otf lbOg]5 .

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ljifoM lj1fg txM df=lj= ;+VofM ! hgf z}lIfs of]UotfM B.Sc. -lkmlhS;_ lgo'lQmsf] lsl;dM lghL s/f/ k/LIffsf] lsl;dM lnlvt, df}lvs / kof]ufTds kfl/>lds ;'ljwfM lj=Jo=;=sf] lg0f{ofg';f/ b/vf:t lbg] clGtd ldltM @)&%.#.# ut] lbgsf] $ ah];Dd ;Dks{ ldltM @)&%.#.$ ut] k/LIff b:t'/M ?= !,%)).– ;+nUg sfuhftx?M z}lIfs of]Uotfsf kdf0fkq, cWoog cg'dltkq / gful/stfsf] kdfl0ft kltlnkL

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t'N;L c6f]u'k kf=ln=

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Urgent Requirement Post

Number

Secondary Level Computer teacher

1

Lower Secondary level English teacher Quali cations:

1

Bachelor level in relevent subject Good comand in english Hard working, honest applicants with experienced and higher quali cation will be preferable Final date of apply: 2075/02/31 Salary Attractive Contact no: 082-540271, 9867196210

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Intake 2018 sf nflu THE LOTUS TRAINING CENTER DANG af6 lal6; uf]vf{ cfdL{df etL{ x'g ;kmn ePsf efOx?nfO{ xflb{s awfO{sf ;fy} ;kmn ;}Go hLjgsf] z'esfdgf .

SUCCESSFUL BRITISH GURKHA ARMY Santosh Thapa Magar Saroj Kumar Tamang Renish Roka Magar Dang Kanchanpur Rukum

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Itil Chaudhary Dang

Yubraj Budha Magar Rolpa

ADMISSION

OPEN

INTAKE 2018/19

Mohan Nepali Umesh Thapa Dang Pyuthan

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;+:yfks Pj+ ;Nnfxsf/ M gf/fo0fk;fb zdf{, ;Dkfbs–ksfzs M ktfk /]UdL, kaGw ;Dkfbs M nIdL cfrfo{, ;x–;Dkfbs M g/]Gb s];L d'bs M kltef ckm;]6 k] ; 3f]/fxL, bfª kmf]g M )*@–%^))*$÷%^!#)#, km\ofS; M )*@–%^)($*, zfvf sfof{nox? M t'n;Lk'/– %@)($*, ndxL– %$)@$!, E-mail : yougbodh@gmail.com CMYK

Ashok Oli Dang

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