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(Naya Yugbodh National Daily Apr. 17, 2018)

l5§} ljQLo cfof]u M d'VodGqL q odnfn e';fn a'6jn, # j} zfv . gd"gf kb] z agfpg] nIf cufl8 ;f/]sf] kb] z g+= % sf] ;/sf/n] l5§} ljQLo cfof] u u7g ug] { ePsf] 5 . kb] z g+= % sf] ;f] djf/ a;] sf] a} 7sdf kb] z;efsf ;b:ox?n] /fVg'ePsf lh1f;f / kZgx?sf] pQ/ lbb} d'VodGqL z+s/ kf] v] nn] kb] z ;/sf/n] l5§} ljQLo cfof] u u7g ug] { hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . pxf“n] ca kb] z ;/sf/ s[kfdf af“Rg] cj:yfsf] cGTo ug{ lqmofzLn x'g] eGb} To;sf nflu ;fy / ;xof] u lbg kb] z;efsf ;f+;bx?nfO{ cfux ug'{eof] . s] Gb ;/sf/n] lbPsf] Ps ca{ b'O{ s/f] 8 kf“r nfvsf] ah] 6 s'g} ufp“kflnsfn] k:t't ug] { ah] 6eGbf klg sd ePsfn] ;f+;bx?n] rfx] cg';f/sf] ljsf;sf of] hgf ;Daf] wg ug{ g;lsPsf] eGb} d'VodGqL kf] v] nn] ca c;f/df k"0f{ cfsf/sf] ah] 6 k:t't ubf{ To; ljifodf a[xt\?kdf Wofg lbOg] cfZjf;g lbg'eof] . cfly{s of] hgf dGqLsf] ;d]t sfo{ef/ ;DxfNg'ePsf d'VodGqL kf]v]nn] ut r}t #) ut] z'qmjf/ cfly{s jif{ @)&$÷)&% sf] tLg dlxgfsf nflu k:t't ug'{ ePsf] Ps ca{ b'O{ s/f]8 kf“r nfv ?k}of“sf] ah]6 ;f]djf/sf] kb]z;efn] kfl/t u/]sf] 5 . pxf“n] cfkm"x?n] ;dod} ah] 6 NofP/ c? kb] zx?nfO{ klg af6f] b] vfPsf] eGb} k:t't cfof] hgf 5gf] 6 ug] { klqmofdf nlIft 5 eGg'eof] .

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3f] / fxL, # j} zfv -o';_– k] ; rf} tf/L g] kfn bfªsf] lhNnf cWoIfdf kqsf/ h] =Pg= ;fu/ ;j{;Ddt lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] 5 . r} t #) ut] z'? ePsf] clwj] zgsf] aGb;qn] ;fu/sf] cWoIftfdf !% ;b:oLo gof“ sfo{;ldlt ;j{;Ddt rog u/] sf] xf] . ;ldltsf] pkfWoIfdf OGb l8;L, ;lrjdf k] daxfb'/ /fDhf, ;x;lrjdf ;'wf;'dg 9sfn / sf] iffWoIfdf bz/y l3ld/] rog x'g'ePsf] xf] . o;} u/L ;b:ox?df ls/0f uf} td, afns[i0f kf08] , lzj/fh kGyL, dfwj s“8] n, a;Gt kl/of/, /df kf] v] n, lzj 3tL{, lbKtLlzvf rf} w/L, ljdnf 3tL{ / gu] Gb rf} w/L rog x'g'ePsf] 5 . cWoIf d08nsf cWoIf tyf k] ; rf} tf/L g] kfnsf s] GbLo pkfWoIf ;ljg lkof;gn] gjlgjf{lrt sfo{;ldltsf] 3f] if0ff ug'{ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf kd'v cltly Pj+ Pdfn] bfªsf df] rf{ ljefu kd'v ;'/ fdl0f a] naf;] , ljlzi6 cltly Pj+ krf/ ljefu kd'v z/b clwsf/L, gjlgjf{lrt cWoIf h] =Pg=;fu/ / k] ; rf} tf/L bfªsf lgjt{dfg pkfWoIf ;+uLt a:ofnn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf cWoIf d08nsf ;b:ox? 6Lsf a:g] t, ;'bz{g l/hfnnufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng cWoIf d08nsf ;b:o b'uf{nfn s] ;Ln] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . gjlgjf{lrt sfo{;ldltsf] kb x:tfGt/0f tyf zky j} zfv % ut] ul/g] ePsf] 5 . CMYK

;du kb] zsf] cj:yfnfO{ x] / ] / kb] z ;/sf/n] 5f] 6f] cjlwsf nflu ah]6 k:t't u/] sf] eGb} pxf“n] ah] 6cl3 k:t't ul/Psf] gLlt tyf sfo{qmd, kb] zsf] ;fdflhs / cfly{s cj:yf emlNsg] l:ylt kq ah] 6sf cfwf/x? x'g\ eGg'eof] . ;ef;bx?n] Ps lhNnf Ps sfo{qmdcGtu{t ah] 6 dfu u/] sf] df cfkm\gf] Wofgfsif{0f ePsf] eGb} kf] v] nn] ;Lldt ;f] t / ;fwgn] ljsf;sf rfxgf k"/ f ug{ g;lsP klg s'g} g s'g} cfof] hgfsf gfddf ufp“kflnsf;Dd ah] 6 k/] sf] :d/0f u/fpg'eof] . To;cl3 ah] 6sf] ljlgof] lht zLif{sdflysf] 5nkmndf efu lnb} kd'v kltkIfL bn g] kfnL

sf+u] ;sf g] tf jnb] j zdf{ kf] v] nn] ah] 6df /f] Nkfsf] yjfªdf hgo'4 :df/s / u'NdLsf] x/] jfdf hLj/fh cfl>t :d[lt s] Gb agfpg] pNn] v ePsf] 5 t/ ?kGb] xLsf zxLb ofbjgfy cfnf] s / /fdk;fb rf} w/Lsf] :d[ltdf ah] 6 df} g /x] sfn] To;tkm{ ;/sf/sf] Wofg hfcf] ;\ eGg'eof] . ;ef;b OGbk;fb v/] nn] s'g} lhNnfdf sfo{qmd w] / } / s'g} lhNnfdf sd k/] sf] eGb} ah] 6n] Ps lhNnf Ps sfo{qmd nfu' ug{ g;s] sf] df u'gf;f] ug'{eof] . ;ef;b s[i0fWjh v8sfn] hg;xeflutfdf ljsf;sf sfo{qmd nfu' ug] { ;Gbe{df ah] 6 kl5 k/] sf] eGb} hgtfnfO{ ljsf;df kToIf ;xefuL agfpg] sfo{qmd Nofpg dfu ug'{eof] . ;ef;b s[i0f Gof} kfg] n] 5f] 6f] ;dosf nflu ah] 6 cfP klg ah] 6 ;sf/fTds lbzfdf /x] sf] eGb} kb] zdf /x] sf ko{6sLo If] qsf] ljsf;df ah] 6n] kfyldstf lbg'kb{5 eGg'eof] . ;ef;b ;Gtf] if kf08] n] ah] 6 kf/bzL{ ePg eGb} ;f+;b ljsf; sf] ifdf Pp6f of] hgf g/fVg' /fdf] xf] Og eGg'eof] . ;f+;b v8\uaxfb'/ vqLn] ah] 6n] zx/df eGbf klg ufdL0f If] qsf hgtfnfO{ nlIft u/L ;Daf] wg ug'{kg] {df hf] 8 lbg'eof] . ;ef;b /df cof{nn] ah] 6 cfn+sfl/s ePsf] t/ kf/bzL{ gePsf] eGb} Ps kb] z ;efsf ;b:o a/fa/ Ps of] hgf agfpg ;/sf/;“u dfu ug'{eof] . kb] z;efsf] csf] { a} 7s j} zfv !@ ut] lbgsf] Ps ah] a:g] ePsf] 5 .

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lyof] . Pdfn] / dfcf] jfbL s] GbaLr PsLs[t kf6L{sf] r'gfj lrGx, cGtl/d ljwfgdf hgo'4 zAb kof] u / s] GbLo sld6Lsf] ;+Vof cg'kftdf ;xdlt ePsf] 5} g . dfcf] jfbL s] Gbn] s] GbLo sld6Ldf a/fa/Lsf] l;4fGt;lxt hgo'4

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!^ nfvsf] td;'s agfP/ pN6} km;fPsf] 8f“uLn] atfpg'eof] . s] ;Ln] !^ nfvsf] td;'s cfkm";“u /fv] / !^ nfvsf] r] s cgfb/ eGb} lhNnf cbfntdf d'2f lbP/ 8f“uLnfO{ d'2f af] sfPsf 5g\ . …vftfdf k} ;f hDdf x'“bf;Dd nfdf] ;do nfU5, To;} n] r] s Roft] / td;'s agfpg] eg] kl5 d klg ;f] emf] ePsfn] x'G5 eg] +Ú– 8f“uLn] eGg'eof] – …!^ nfvsf] td;'s agfP/ r] s cgfb/ d'2f rnfof] .Ú 8f“uLn] klZrd bfªsf] wgf} / Ldf /x] sf] kf“r s6\7f hUuf cbfntdf 6f“u] sf 5g\ . hUufsf] d"Nof+sg ;f9] tLg nfv ul/Psf] 5 . ca k} ;f klg gePsf] / ;DklQ klg gePsfn] h] n hfg ;Sg] eGb} 7"nf] lrGtfdf pgL 5g\ . ePsf] s/f] 8sf] ;DklQ u'Dg'sf ;fy} em'6f] d'2f klg v] Kg] / pN6} h] n klg hfg'kg] { l:ylt cfPsfn] lbgdf ef] s / /ftdf lgGbf nfUg 5f] 8] sf] 8f“uLn] atfP . r] s cgfb/sf] d'2fsf] l5gf] kmfgf] nfu] kl5 k'gM td;'ssf] cfwf/df s] ;Ln] km] l/ klg cfkm"lj?4 d'2f n8\g ;Sg] cfz+sf u/] sf 5g\ . t'n;Lk'/ ahf/df /x] sf] ;f9] tLg tnfsf] 3/, #)÷$) nfvsf] /] l8of] k;n, t'n;Lk'/ –* cZjf/fdf /x] sf #@ j6f 38] / L laqmL ug'{sf ;fy} klZrd bfªsf] wgf} / Ldf /x] sf] kf“r s6\7f hUuf cbfntdf 6f“u] / ;d] t gk'u] kl5 pxf“ clxn] ef8fdf a:b} cfpg'ePsf] 5 . 8] 9 s/f] 8sf] 3/ / 38] / L () nfvdf laqmL u/] sf] 8f“uLn] atfpg'eof] . otf s] ;Ln] td;'s agfP klg RofltlbPsf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . cfkm"n] ;fjf“ gkfPkl5 af“sL # k]hdf:  

kßf]bo klAns gd"gf dfWolds ljBfno e/tk'/ bfªsf] gof“ ljBfyL{ egf{;DaGwL ;"rgf † g]kfn ;/sf/sf] lgwf{l/t dfkb08 k'/f u/L gd"gf ljBfnosf] ?kdf 5gf}6df k/]sf] / @)&# ;fnsf] k/LIffdf ;fd'bflos ljBfnotkm{ pTs[i6 l;sfO pknlAw xfl;n u/L k'/:sf/ kfKt ug{ ;kmn tyf lal6; sfplG;naf6 cGt/f{li6«o :s"n cjf8{ kfKt ug{ ;kmn, o; If]qsf cleefjsx?sf] rfxgf cg';f/ c+u]hL / g]kfnL b'a} dfWooddf dG6]Zj/L sIffb]lv k9fO ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf] ef}lts ;'ljwf / kfljlws ;'ljwf ;DkGg o; ljBfnodf z}lIfs ;q @)&% sf nflu b]xfo cg';f/ gofF egf{ v'n]sf] ;DalGwt ;a}sf nflu hfgsf/L u/fOG5 . ;Lldt l;6x?df dG6]Zj/L tyf Nursary sIffb]lv sIff ( ;Dd egf{ lnOg]5 . v sIff ! b]lv sIff ( ;Ddsf] kj]z k/LIff kmf/fd ljt/0f M a}zfv @–!$ ut];Dd v kj]z k/LIffM a}zfv !% ut] lbgsf] !! ah] . v kj]z k/LIff glthf ksfzgM a}zfv !^ ut] v gofF egf{ eO;Sg' kg]{ ldltM !(–@! ut];Dd . v k'/fgf ljBfyL{ egf{ eO;Sg'kg]{ ldltM @–!$ ut];Dd v egf{ x'g cfpg] ljBfyL{n] cfkm\gf] Psf3/sf] cleefjs ;fydf ?kn] clgjfo{ x'g]5 . v kj]z k/LIff kmf/fd eg{ cfpFbf @ klt kmf]6f] / cl3Nnf] sIff pQL0f{ u/]sf] nAwf+skq clgjfo{ x'g]5 t/ sIff ( sf] xsdf sIff * dfs{ n]h/sf] kmf]6f]skL eP klg x'g]5 . v tf]lsPsf] Dofbleq ug'k{ g]{ sfo{ gu/] ljBfno hjfkmb]xL x'g5 ] g} .

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(April 17, 2018)

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gu/kd'vn] u/] lzIff ;'wf/sf] pb\3f] if

…;a} ljBfyL{ ljBfnodfÚ o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf t'n;Lk'/ , # j} zfv . t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf kd'v 3gZofd kf08] n] lzIff ;/f] sf/jfnfx?nfO{ lzIff ;'wf/sf nflu Psh'6 eP/ cufl8 a9\g cfux ug'{ePsf] 5 . pxf“n] egf{ cleofg z'?jft ePsf] ;Gbe{ kf/] / ;Dk"0f{ gu/af;Lsf gfddf clkn ub{} pkdxfgu/n] cufl8 ;f/] sf] …xfdL ;a} sf] OR5f, clgjfo{ lgMz'Ns cfwf/e"t lzIffÚ eGg] gf/fnfO{ d"t{?k lbg ;a} n] ljBfyL{ egf{ cleofgnfO{ ;xof] u ug'{kg] { atfpg'eof] . x/] s …t'n;Lk'/ sf afnaflnsfnfO{ ljBfnodf egf{ u/] / u'0f:t/Lo lzIff kbfg ug{ t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf ;w}

klta4 5 . o; If] qsf x/] s JolQmx?n] cfkm\gf] ;fdflhs bfloTjcGtu{t ljBfno pd] / k'u] sf t/ ljBfno hfgaf6 al~rt /x] sf afnaflnsfx?nfO{ ljBfno;Dd NofP/ egf{ ug{ ljz] if kxn ul/lbg xflb{s cg'/ f] w ub{5'Ú– gu/kd'v kf08] åf/f hf/L clkndf pNn] v ul/Psf] 5 . t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/n] lzIffdf ;'wf/ ug{ lzIfs gk'u] sf 7fp“df o;} jif{af6 l6r km/ g] kfnsf] ;xof] udf ljifout lzIfssf] Joj:yf u/] sf] pNn] v ub{} ljsf; / ;d[l4sf] cfwf/ ePsfn] lzIffsf] ljsf;df ;a} n] Wofg lbg'kg] { pNn] v ul/Psf] 5 . kfljlws lzIffsf dfWodaf6 ljBfyL{x?nfO{ cfslif{t ug{ pkdxfgu/n] kfljlws lzIff ;~rfng ug{

rfxg] ljBfnox?nfO{ !) nfv cg'bfg lbg] pNn] v ul/Psf] 5. o;} cfly{s jif{df lzIffsf] cj:yf ;'wf/sf nflu ljleGg 5nkmn, uf] i7L / kwfgfWofksx?;“u sfo{;Dkfbg ;Demf} tf u/] sf] pNn] v ub{} ;fd'bflos ljBfnosf] v:sbf] z} lIfs cj:yf ;'wf/sf nflu o;} z} lIfs ;qaf6 kljlwsf] kof] u u/] / kefjsf/L cg'udg ug] { pNn] v u/] sf 5g\ . …ljBfnodf ljBfyL{ egf{ u/] / dfq} cleefjs / ljBfnosf] bfloTj k"/ f gx'g] ePsfn] ljBfyL{nfO{ lg/Gt/ l6sfO/fVg klg kxn ug{ gu/kd'v kf08] n] cfux ug'{eof] . lzIff If] qnfO{ abNg klxnf] s'/ f ljBfno pd] / k'u] sf afnaflnsfx?nfO{

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cWoIfsL 5f]/L egf{ u/]/ egf{ cleofg z'? o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf 3f] / fxL, # j} zfv . ;dfhdf lgDg ju{afx] s w] / } n] cfkm\gf afnaRrfx?nfO{ ;fd'bflos ljBfnox?df egf{ ug{ rfx“b} gg\ . ;fd'bflos ljBfnox?n] lbg] lzIffsf] cfnf] rgf ug{] / ljBfnonfO{ x] g{ b[li6sf] 0f clxn] klg p:t} 5 . t/ ca of] ;f] rFOnfO{ kl/j{tg ug{'k5{ eGb} /em] gf dflj Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf hLjg uf} tdn] cfkm\gf b'O{ 5f] / LnfO{ ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf egf{ ug'{Psf] 5 . ;fd'bflos ljBfnox?n] klg u'0f:t/Lo lzIff lbg;S5g\, ;a} n] ;fy / ;xof] u ug'{k5{ eGb} ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf uf} tdn] ut df3 cf7 ut] b] lv ljBfnodf z'? ePsf] dG6] Zj/L sIffdf sfG5L 5f] / LnfO{ egf{ ug'{ePsf] lyof] eg] ;f] djf/ Ps :t/Lo lghL ljBfnoaf6 lgsfn] / h] 7L 5f] / LnfO{ ;fd'bflos ljBfno dflj /em] gfdf egf{ ug{'ePsf] xf] . ljutsf jif{b] lv s] xL ;'wf/sf of] hgf cl3 a9fPsf] of] ljBfnon] clxn] b'O{j6f gof“ sfo{qmd cl3 ;f/] kl5 ljBfnosf] klxrfg g}

ablng yfn] sf] 5 . …dflj /em] gf eGg] lalQs} gfr v'DRofpg] x?nfO{ ca o;sf] gfd ;'g] / gfs km'nfpg] jftfj/0f agfp“5'Ú– cWoIf uf} td eGg'x'G5– …w/fzfoL x'“b} uPsf] ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf cfsif{0f a9fpg] xfdf] p2] Zo xf] , o;df xfdL k"/ } ;kmn x'g] 5f} + .Ú cfkm"x?n] 3f] / fxL If] qsf gfd rn] sf lghL ljBfno;“u u'0f:t/df klt:kwf{ ug{] u/L sIff rnfpg] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] . o;} aLr /em] gf dfljn] gof“ z} lIfs ;q z'? eP;“u} j} zfv # ut] ;f] djf/af6 egf{ cleofg z'? u/] sf] 5 . ut jif{b] lv dG6] Zj/L klg ;~rfng u/] sf] ljBfnon] o; jif{b] lv g;{/ L b] lv o's] hL;Dd dG6] Zj/L sIffx? ;~rfngdf NofPsf] 5 . To:t} c+u] hL dfWodaf6 klg sIffx? ;~rfng u/] sf] 5 . Go"g z'Nsdf ;a} ju{sf afnaflnsfnfO{ u'0f:t/Lo lzIff lbg] p2] Zon] ljBfno cufl8 al9/x] sf] ljBfnosf kwfgfWofks p4j Gof} kfg] atfpg'x'G5 . …lgDgju{sf afnaflnsfx?n] Go"g z'Nsdf cGo dG6] Zj/L jf ljBfnox? h:t} u'0f:t/Lo lzIff kfpg\

eg] / } xfdLn] of] ljz] if z} lIfs egf{ cleofg rnfPsf xf} + .Ú ;f] cj;/df lzIff ljsf; Pj+ ;dGjo PsfO{sf kd'v /d] zk;fb d} gfnLn] /em] gf dfljn] kl5Nnf] ;do y'k} z} lIfs ;'wf/sf kof; ub{} cfO/x] sf] atfpg'eof] . ;+: yfut ljBfnox?tkm{ cfsif{0f eO/x] sf] a] nf ;fd'bflos ljBfnx?af6 o:tf kof;sf] yfngL ug{'kg{] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] . 8f= nf] s/fh k/fh'nLsf] :jfut dGtJoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmddf g] kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3sf s] GbLo ;lrj pbo hLPd, /em] gf ;f] ts] Gbsf ;f] tJolQm /fdk;fb h} ;L, ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf ;b:o a] ;/f kf08] nufotn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddsf] ;xhLs/0f ljBfnosf kwfgfWofks p4j Gof} kfg] n] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

ld6/===

cbfntdf d'2f xfn] sf] eGb} s] ;Ln] td;'s agfP klg RofltlbPsf] atfpg'eof] . of] t pbfx/0f dfq} xf] . o:tf w] / } Joj;foL 3/af/ljxLg ePsf] sltko Jofkf/Ln] atfPsf 5g\ . u} / sfg'gL?kdf cfly{s sf/f] jf/ ug] {nfO{ sf/jfxL gug] { xf] eg] o;n] eofjx cj:yf Nofpg ;Sg] eGb} Jofkf/Ln] o;nfO{ tTsfn /f] Sg ;/f] sf/jfnf lgsfonfO{ cfux u/] sf 5g\ . ca} w?kdf ld6/ Jofhsf] sf/f] jf/ ug] { / u/fpg] lu/f] xnfO{ tTsfn klxrfg u/L sfg'gL bfo/df Nofpg'kg] { Joj;foLx?sf] dfu 5 . rn] sf Jofkf/L lj:yflkt otf t'n;Lk'/ pBf] u jfl0fHo ;+3n] kl5Nnf] ;do ld6/ Jofhsf] s'/ f rsf] {?kdf cfPsf] atfPsf] 5 . ld6/ Jofhn] t'n;Lk'/ sf tLghgf Jofkf/Ln] cfTdxTof ug'{sf ;fy} bh{gf} + Jofkf/Lx? /ftf/ft efu] sf] t'n;Lk'/ pBf] u jfl0fHo ;+3sf cWoIf jL? /fjtn] atfpg'eof] . dfl;s kf“r kltzt;Dd Jofh lng]

;"rgf Û ;"rgf ÛÛ ;"rgf ÛÛÛ t''n;Lk''/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf sfof{no;Fu ;DalGwt s'g} klg u'gf;f], ;''emfj / ;Nnfxsf nflu k};f gnfUg] gDa/ !^^)*@%@))) ;Dks{ ug'{xf];\ . xfdL x/]s ;d:of tTsfn ;dfwfgsf] kxn u5f{} .

@)&%.!.$ ut] d+unjf/ a}zfv z'SnkIf, ltly kltkbf, gIfqM e?0fL cfh bfªsf] ;"of]{bo )%M%&M)$, ;"of{:t ^M$$M)$

o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf 3f] / fxL, # j} zfv . g] kfn cflbjf;L hghflt dxf;+3 lhNnf ;dGjo kl/ifb\ bfªn] lhNnf kzf;g sfof{no bfªdfkm{t\ ;f] djf/ kwfgdGqLsf] Wofgfsif{0f u/fPsf] 5 . g] kfn ;/sf/n] labf s6f} tL ug] { lg0f{okZrft cflbjf;L hghflt lhNnf ;dGjo kl/ifb\ bfªn] kwfgdGqLsf] Wofgfsif{0f u/fPsf] xf] . cflbjf;L hghfltx?n] dgfp“b} cfPsf kj{x?sf] ljbf s6f} tL u/] sf] eGb} kd'v lhNnf clwsf/L uh] Gbaxfb'/ >] i7dfkm{t\ kwfgdGqL tyf dlGqkl/ifb\ sf] sfof{nodf Wofgfsif{0fkq a'emfPsf] sfo{jfxs cWoIf /fdaxfb'/ s'dfnn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ;/sf/n] df3] ;+qmflGt, pwf} nL, pef} nL, td' nf] ;f/nufotsf kj{df labf s6fPsf] eGb}

g] kfn cflbjf;L hghflt dxf;+3 cfGbf] ngdf /x] sf] 5 . 1fkgkq a'em\b} kd'v lhNnf clwsf/L >] i7n] dfusf] ;'gjfOsf nflu ;xhLs/0f ug] { atfpg'ePsf] lyof] . To; cj;/df cflbjf;L hghflt dxf;+3 lhNnf zfvf bfªn] dxf;+3sf] ejg Pj+ hUufsf ljifodf klg kd'v lhNnf clwsf/L;“u 5nkmn u/] sf] lyof] . ;fy} ejg / hUufdf cfPsf] ;d:of ;dfwfgsf nflu kxn ul/lbg cfux ul/Psf] lyof] . o:t} hghflt dxf;+3n] 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/ kflnsfnfO{ Wofgfsif{0f u/fPsf] 5 . ;/sf/n] kj{x?sf] labf s6f} tL u/] sf] eGb} lhNnfsf :yfgLo txdf klg 1fkgkq a'emfpg] sfo{qmd /x] sf] 5 . 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf kd'v g?nfn rf} w/LnfO{ 1fkgkq a'emfOPsf] xf] .

u/] sf] cgf} kfl/s s'/ fsf qmddf yfxf kfPsf] eGb} cWoIf /fjtn] o;af6 cfkm" lgs} lrlGtt ePsf] atfpg'eof] . nfvf+} sf/f] jf/ ug] { / Jofh gv'nfP/ sf/f] jf/ ug] { u/] sf] eGb} Jofj;flos xslxtsf nflu pBf] u jfl0fHo ;+3 n8\g tof/ /x] sf] atfpg'eof] . u} / sfg'gL sfo{df t'n;Lk'/ sf] d} x'“ eGg] JolQmx? ;+nUg

>L 6]sgfy uf}tdåf/f lnlvt yf? hfltsf] Oltxf; tyf ;+:s[ltdf -yf?k'/f0f_ gofF sn]j/df uxg l6Kk0fLx?sf ;fy ev{/} ksflzt ePsf] 5 . k':ts kflKt :yfgM

;Dks{M (*$&*(^%%*

lhNnf zfvf, bfª Hof] = e'jg]Zj/ a~hf8] df]afOn M (*$&*$!@%!

t'nf -/f,/L,?,/],/f] ,tf,tL,t",t] _M tkfO“sf] klx/gn] c?nfO{ cfslif{t ug]{5 . Jofj;flos nfe Pj+ ofqf, dgdf v'zL Pj+ sfo{df ;kmntf /xg]5 .

j[if -O{,pm,P,cf] ,jf,lj,j",j] ,jf] _M ;fjwfgL k"j{s sfo{ u/] nfe lng ;lsg]5 . cfkm\gf kof;n] cl3 a9\g' >]ois/ x'g]5 . cfkm\gfn] wf]sf b]nfg\ .

j[lZrs -tf] ,gf,gL,g",g] ,gf] ,of,oL,o"_M Joj;fox?af6 cf+lzs nfe ul/g]5 . cfly{s kIf klg ;jn} /xg]5 . sfo{If]qdf lj£gafwf x6fpg ;lsg]5 .

ldy'g -sf,sL,s",3,ª,5,s] ,sf] ,x_M p7\g' kg]{ /sd p7\g]5 . ;/sf/L sfo{x?df ;kmntf kfOg]5 . gof“ 1fg kfKt x'g]5 . cfDbfgLsf ;f]t ldNg] 5g\ .

wg' -o] ,of] ,ef,eL,e",w,kmf,9f,e] _M pkxf/flb j:t' kfKt x'g ;Sg]5 . lzio / ;Gtfgaf6 ;Gt'li6 ldNg]5 . af}l4s If]qdf ;kmntf 5 .

ss{6 -xL,x",x] ,xf] ,8f,8L,8",8] ,8f] _M nfdf] ;dob]lv kv]{/ a;]sf] sfd aGg ;Sg]5 . wg pkxf/ Pj+ klti7f a9\g]5 . Joj;fodf nfe x'g]5 .

ds/ -ef] ,hf,hL,h",h] ,hf] ,vf,vL,v",v] ,vf] ,uf,uL_M laluPsf ;DaGwx? / cfkm\gf sdL sdhf]/L ;'wf/ ug{ ;lsg]5 . a];'/df arg lbgfn] b'Mv x'g ;S5 .

l;+x -df,dL,d",d] ,df] ,6f,6L,6",6] _M 3/fo;L ;'v, ;'ljwfsf] cg'e"lt ul/g]5 . wd{, k/f]ksf/sf If]qdf nufgL u/] nfe x'g]5 . sfo{x? ;Dkfbg x'g]5g\ .

s'De -u",u] ,uf] ,;,;L,;',;] ,;f] ,b_M k'/fgf ;d:ofx? ;'Nemfpg ;lsg]5 . pBf]uwGbf / k]zf Joj;foaf6 nfe x'g]5 . aGw'hgn] ;fy lbg]5g\ .

sGof -6f] ,k,kL,k",if,0f,7,k] ,kf] _M zf/Ll/s sdL sdhf]/L dx;'; x'g]5 . csf{sf] e/ kbf{ wf]sf x'g ;Sg]5 . n]gb]g ljjfb pTkGg x'g ;Sg]5 .

dLg -bL,b",y,em,~f,b] ,bf] ,rf,rL_M cfly{s lqmofsnfkdf b'/ufdL kmfObf x'g]5 . cf“6]sf sfd ;kmn kfg{ ;lsg]5 . cfkm\gf] klti7f / clwsf/ arfpg ;lsg]5 .

* gd:t] z'e laxfgL oxf“x?sf] lbgrof{ ;'vb\ /xf];\. * dgn] sfdsf] nflu cfTdaf6 :jLs[lt lnG5 .

gf] ;fO8 Okm] S6

hf“8 /S;L

r'/ f] 6, ;'lt{, 8«U; / afpg ;'u/ sf] s'ntaf6 5'6sf/ f rfxg'x'G5 < w df] 6f] kg 36fpg] tyf a9fpg] -dlxgfdf @–!) _ w z/L/sf] prfO{ a9fpg] . w dfq (,((( w uf] / f] / rlDsnf] cg'xf/ agfpg & _

xf8hf] gL{ b'Vg] afy /f] u / bd s]an Ps xKtfd} cf/fd w zL3 ktg /f] Sg] , of} g pQ] hgf a9fpg] / of] gf+usf] ljsf; u/fpg] w dlxnfx?sf] k] 6df /x] sf] ;] tf] w;f{ / lr/f x6fpg] ;'u/sf] w skfn emg{ /f] sL k'gM pdfg] { -x] o/ ljlN8ª kmfOj/_ nflu IME-9 w :tg a9fpg] , 36fpg] / emf] lnPsf] nfO{ 6fO6 kfg] { w cg'xf/df /x]sf] rfof“kf]tf], 8l08kmf]/, sfnf]sf]7L, k'gM gcfpg] u/L x6fpg] ;DaGwL ;Dk"0f{ d] lzg / s:d] l6s;DaGwL ;Dk"0f{ ;fdfgx? pknAw 5g\ . nufot 6] lnaf08, :sfO{af08, 6] lndfn, x6 af08, 6] lnefG6] h, lbJoClif !))Ü ;+: yfgaf6 pTkflbt ;Dk"0f{ l6eL af08] 8 kf] 8S6x?sf] cflwsf/Ls l8n/ Uof/]G6L

Unf] an lkm6g] z & n'hf d] sck

-t'n;Lk'/ rf] s dgf 6fj/sf] klxnf] tnf ;f+lunf s0ff{nL ljsf; a} +s ePsf] ejg s nfOg t'n;Lk'/ , bfª ljsf; a}+s;Fu} ;6]sf] ejg_ 3f]/fxL, bfª kmf] g M )*@–%@@*@), (*$&*(!@%$ )*@–^(%!(^, (*$$(%)^!(, (*!*@^^&@) .

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u9jf, # a} zfv -o';_– /fli6«o hgdf] rf{sf] eft[ ;+u7g clvn g] kfn dlxnf ;+3 u9jf ufp“kflnsf:t/sf] a[xt\ e] nf ;f] djf/ u9jfdf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . gf/fo0fL vgfnsf] cWoIftf / clvn g] kfn dlxnf ;+3 bfª lhNnf cWoIf sdnf lh;Lsf] kd'v cfltYotfdf ePsf] e] nfdf clvn g] kfn ls;fg ;+3sf s] GbLo ;b:o k] dgf/fo0f cfrfo{, clvn g] kfn lzIfs ;+3sf s] GbLo ;b:o slknb] j vgfn, /fli6«o hgdf] rf{ bfªsf lhNnf ;lrjfno ;b:o u'0flglw zdf{, /fhdf] u9jfsf cWoIf bLgdl0f cfrfo{, kf6L{sf u9jf ;lrj 6'sdfg s“j/, j8f g+= ^ /fhdf] sf cWoIf v'dfgGb kf] v] n, clvn g] kfn dlxnf ;+3 bfªsf ;b:o uf} / L v8\ sf, If] qLo ;b:o lzjf cfrfo{, j8f g+= $ / % sf ;+o'Qm cWoIf dLgf /fodfemL nufotn] e] nfsf]

/x] sf] eGb} o;nfO{ /f] Sg ;a} nfUg'kg] { atfpg'eof] . s] eG5g\ l;l8cf] < lhNnf kzf;g sfof{non] ld6/ Jofhsf] u'gf;f] gcfPsf] atfPsf] 5 . ld6/ Jofhsf] u'gf;f] cfPdf tTsfn sf/jfxL ul/g] kd'v lhNnf clwsf/L uh] Gbaxfb'/ >] i7n] atfpg'eof] .

;"rgf Û ;"rgf ÛÛ ;"rgf ÛÛÛ

g] kfn Hof]ltif kl/ifb\

d]if -r",r] ,rf] ,nf,nL,n",n] ,nf] ,c_M k9fO n]vfOdf kult Pj+ lg0f{o zlQm a9\g]5 . kl/jf/df /dfOnf] hd36 Pj+ kltli7t sfo{n] cfTdljZjf; a9\g]5 .

;Sg'kg{] atfpg'eof] . lzIfs dxf;+3 ;Nofgsf cWoIf dw';"bg lu/Ln] Ho] i7 gful/snfO{ ;Ddfg ug{] sfo{ cToGt} /fdf] /x] sf] atfp“b} o;;DaGwL cem ljz] if sfo{qmd /fHon] Nofpg'kg{] wf/0ff /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . o;} aLr cfdfsf] d'v x] g{] kj{;“u hf] 8] / ;f] djf/ ;'/ lIft dft[Tj lbj; klg dgfOPsf] 5 . j8f sfof{no;“u ldn] / :jf:Yo rf} sL sk'/ sf] 6 ;Nofgn] dlxnfsf] uef{j:yf, ;'Ts] / L x'“bf / eO;s] kl5sf] :jf:Yo ;'/ Iff ;DaGwdf hgr] tgf hufpg] p2] Zon] lbj; dgfOPsf] xf] . sfo{qmddf sk'/ sf] 6 :jf:Yo zfvfsf kd'v c?0f bfxfnn] ufp“–ufp“df hgr] tgf hufO uef{j:yf, k;j / ;'Ts] / L cj:yfdf cfdf / lzz'df x'g] vt/fnfO{ a] n} df klxrfg u/L Joj:yfkg ug] {, Joj:yfkg x'g g;Sg] cj:yf kQf nufO{ plrt 7fp“df k7fpg] / cfdf / aRrfsf] Hofg hf] ufpg] h:tf ;Gb] z / ;] jfsf af/] df ;d'bfo;Dd ;"rgf k'¥ofpg] nIf cfkm"x?sf] /x] sf] atfpg'eof] . sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/0f :jf:Yo rf} sL sk'/ sf] 6sf kd'v b] j] Gbs'df/ ;] gn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

hghflt dxf;+3n] /fli6«o hgdf]rf{sf] dlxnf e]nf a'emfof] 1fkgkq

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;d[l4sf] ;kgf / ko{6g Joj;fo lzIff If]qdf cfzfnfUbf kof; w] / } If] qdf lg/fzf x'Fbfx'Fb} sltko If] qdf cfzfsf ls/0f knfpg yfn] sf 5g\ . kl5Nnf] ;dodf ;/sf/n] ;fd'bflos ljBfnosf] u'0f:t/ a9fpg yfn] sf] kof;n] s] xL cfzf a9fPsf] 5 . s] xL lbgotfsf 36gfqmd x] bf{ klg ;/sf/L 3f] if0ffn] ;fy{stf kfPsf] v08df s] xL ;'wf/ x'g;Sg] b] lvG5 . ;/sf/n] dlGqkl/ifb\af6} lg0f{o u/] / x/] s ;fj{hlgs kb wf/0f u/] sf JolQmnfO{ Ps÷Pshgf afnaflnsfsf] cleefjsTj ux0f ub} { p;sf] k7gkf7gsf nflu :j3f] if0ff ug{ cfx\jfg u/] sf] 5 . To:t} lzIffdGqLn] cfkm\gf] sfo{of] hgf ;fj{hlgs ub} { ;/sf/L sf] ifaf6 tna lng] x?n] ;/sf/L ljBfnod} k9fpg'kg] { gLlt sfof{Gjog u/] / 5f8\g] pb\3f] if ug'{ePsf] 5 . To;f] t :yfgLo:t/sf s] xL ;fd'bflos ljBfnon] klg u'0f:t/Lo k7gkf7gsf nflu ljleGg sfo{qmd 3f] if0ff ul//x] sf 5g\ . oL ;a} 36gfqmd x] bf{ lzIff If] qdf s] xL cfzfnfUbf kof; eO/x] sf] b] lvG5 . ljutdf klg kof; gePsf xf] Ogg\ . t/ ;fd'bflos ljBfnox? emg kl5 emg w/fzfoL x'Fb} uP . vf;u/L @)$^ ;fndf cfPsf] /fhgLlts kl/jt{g;Fu} x/] s If] qdf lghLs/0f xfjL x'Fb} uof] / ;fj{hlgs If] q w/fzfoL x'Fb} uof] . lzIff / :jf:Yoh:tf] ;+j] bgzLn If] qnfO{ klg lghL If] qs} lhDdf nufOof] . lghL If] qnfO{ kj] z u/fpg' cfkm} df uNtL lyPg . t/ lzIff / :jf:Yosf] u'0f:t/ ;'wfg] { lhDdf lghL If] qsf] xf] h:tf] u/] / ;/sf/L ljBfno / ;/sf/L c:ktfnnfO{ k"/ } w/fzfoL kfl/of] . o;s} kl/0ffd clxn] ;fd'bflos lzIff p7\g} g;Sg] u/L ynf k/] sf] 5 . g] kfndf ;fd'bflos ljBfno / lghL ljBfnox?sf] dfGotf k"/ } pN6f] u/L :yflkt ul/of] . ljsl;t b] z dfq xf] Og, xfd} l5d] sL ef/tsf] cEof; x] g] { xf] eg] klg ToxfF ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf kj] z k/LIff lbP/ pQL0f{ x'g g;s] sf, cg'zf;gsf lx;fan] sdhf] / ljBfyL{nfO{ dfly p7fpg lghL ljBfno :yfkgf ePsf] b] lvG5 . t/ xfdf] df /fdf] Ifdtf ePsf / x'g] vfg] sf 5f] / f5f] / L lghLdf / sd Ifdtf ePsf tyf ljkGg ljBfyL{ ;/sf/Ldf k9\g'k5{ eGg] h:tf] unt dfGotf :yflkt ePsf] 5 . Psksf/n] eGg] xf] eg] g] kfnsf] lzIff If] q 6fpsf] n] 6] s] / lx“l8/x] sf] 5 . o;nfO{ v'§fn] 6] s] / lx“8\g] agfpg ;fd'bflos ljBfnosf] u'0f:t/ g;'wf/L w/} 5} g . Psflt/ ;+ljwfgdf ;dfhjfbpGd'v cy{Joj:yf :jLsf/ ug] {, dfWolds tx;Dd ;a} hgtfsf 5f] / f5f] / Ln] clgjfo{ k9\g kfpg] s'/ fnfO{ df} lns xsdf /fVg] . t/ cfly{s cj:yf sdhf] / ePsf hgtfsf 5f] / f5f] / Ln] u'0f:t/Lo lzIff kfpg] l:ylt ag] g eg] Tof] ;/f;/ ;+ljwfgsf] pNn+3g x'g hfg] 5 . To;} n] ;+ljwfgsf] sfof{Gjogsf nflu klg ;/sf/ lzIff / :jf:Yo If] qsf] ;'wf/sf nflu uDeL/tfk"j{s nfUg' h?/L 5 . ;/sf/n] clxn] ;/sf/L sf] ifaf6 tnaeQf vfg] x?n] 5f] / f5f] / LnfO{ ;/sf/L ljBfnod} k9fpg'kg] { eg] sf] , hf] o;cl3 klg eg] sf] lyof] . of] uf} 0f kIf xf] , d'Vo kIf s] xf] eg] ;/sf/L ljBfnosf] u'0f:t/df ;'wf/ cfpg'k5{ . ljBfnosf] z} lIfs u'0f:t/sf] lhDd] jf/L lzIfsnfO{ lbg'k5{ . lghL ljBfnodf yf] / } tna vfP/ klg /fdf] kl/0ffd lbg;Sg] t/ ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf k"0f{ ;'ljwf;lxt a;] / klg /fdf] lzIff lbg g;Sg] sf/0f s] xf] < ;/sf/n] vf] hL ug'{k5{ . k'/ fgf lzIfsx?, hf] of] Uotf / IfdtfeGbf /fhgLlts kefjsf cfwf/df of] k] zfdf l5/] , pgLx?nfO{ ;–;Ddfg ljbf u/] / gofF Ifdtfjfg / 1fg kljlw;lxtsf lzIfsnfO{ lzIf0f k] zfleq leœofpg] xf] eg] ;fd'bflos ljBfnosf] u'0f:t/ X\jfQ} a9] / hfg] 5 . dfq o;sf nflu /fHo uDeL/ eP/ k:t't x'g'k5{ / ;a} lzIfs tyf cleefjsnfO{ uDeL/ agfpg] jftfj/0f l;h{gf ug'{k5{ . clxn] rln/x] sf] ljBfyL{ egf{ cleofg klg o;} ;Fu hf] l8Psf] 5 . clxn] clgjfo{ lzIffsf nflu P] g alg;s] sf] 5} g . cfufdL jif{b] lv ;/sf/n] P] g agfP/ clgjfo{ lzIffsf nflu ;a} afnaflnsfsf] bfloTj cfkm} lng] atfO;s] sf] 5 . of] ;Gbe{df ;dfhsf ;r] t ju{n] Pp6f ljkGg ljBfyL{sf] lhDdf lnP/ vr{ Joj:yfkg ug'{ /fdf] z'?jft x'g] 5 .

s;n] s] eg] < ;/sf/n] Psnf} 6L ug{ vf] h] h:tf] b] lvG5 . clwgfosjfb z'? eO;Sof] . dgf] dfgL a9\of] . ca ljsf; u5{g\ clwgfosjfbsf] . s'g} lsl;dsf] ;/;Nnfx 5} g, cfkm\g} t/Lsfn] u/] sf 5g\, sfd ug{ ;s] sf 5} gg\ . – z] / axfb'/ b] pjf -k"j{kwfgdGqL Pj+ g] kfnL sf+u] ;sf ;efklt_ tkfO“x?sf 5f] / f5f] / L ;fd'bflos ljBfnod} k9fpg'xf] nf . lghL If] qnfO{ yf] / } k] ;/ qm] 6 u/f} + . lgif] w u/] / klg x“'b} g . – k'iksdn bfxfn kr08 -k"j{kwfgdGqL Pj+ dfcf] jfbL s] Gbsf cWoIf_ j} b] lzs /f] huf/Lsf] l;nl;nfdf Hofg u'dfPsf kLl8tsf kl/jf/n] kfpg] /fxt /sd kb] z:t/ / ;s] ;Dd :yfgLo txaf6} ;] jf lbg] u/L sfd yfNg lgb] {zg lbO;s] sf] 5' . To;sf nflu cfjZos cWoog eO/x] sf] 5 . rf“8} xfdL o;nfO{ sfof{Gjogdf n} hfG5f} + – uf] s0f{ lji6 ->d tyf /f] huf/dGqL_ Ps kflnsf Ps ;'/ lIft dft[Tj sf] if cleofg b] zJofkL agfOg] 5, of] sf] if cfsl:ds k;"lt ;] jfdf pkof] u / kof] u ul/g] 5 . – kßf cof{n -:jf:Yo /fHodGqL_

g]kfndf ;+3Lotf nfu' eP/ ltg} txsf] lgjf{rg ePkl5 ;a} txsf ;/sf/sf] d'Vo rf;f] ag]sf] 5 ljsf; / ;d[l4;DaGwL hgtfsf] rfxgfnfO{ s;/L k"/f ug]{ < s]Gb ;/sf/n] b]z agfpg], kb]z ;/sf/n] kb]znfO{ ;d[4 agfpg] / :yfgLo txsf] ;/sf/n] cf–cfk\mgf] txnfO{ s;/L l56f] ljsf; ug]{ / hgtfsf] ;d[l4sf] rfxgf k"/f ug]{ eGg] x'6x'6L x'g' :jfefljs xf] . lgjf{lrt ;/sf/x? ljutdf h:tf] ei6 x'gaf6 hf]luP eg] b]zn] rf“8} sf“rn ' L k]mg]{ cfzf hgtfn] u/]sf 5g\ . ;d[l4sf] dfu{df cj/f]w eg]sf] ei6 dfgl;stfsf g]tf, ei6 / sfdrf]/ sd{rf/L, 8g, ;Qfsf] glhsdf a;]/ zlQmzfnLx?sf] rfs8L ub}{ cj}w wg cfh{g ug{ kNs]sf 7fn"x? . dflysf oL klxnf] cj/f]wnfO{ ;d[l4sf] dfu{af6 kG5fpg ;a} txsf ;/sf/n] ;s] eg] ;d[l4 / ljsf;sf s'/fsf] cy{ x'G5 . gq h'g hf]uL cfP klg sfg} lr/]sf] eGg] plQm rl/tfy{ x'g]5 . clxn]sf hgkltlglw / oL ;/sf/nfO{ ;don] 7"nf] cj;/ lbPsf] 5 . olb nf]enfnr / 8/af6 k/ x6]/ s]xL ug]{ b[9 OR5f clxn]sf kltlglwn] /fv]df l;Sg / lg0f{o lng clnslt kof; ug'k{ 5{ w]/}n] ;lhn} ;fy lbG5g\ . Oltxf;df ;a}nfO{ o:tf] cj;/ cfp“b}g . ljutdf klg ;/sf/ lyP . t/ Tof] s]Gbdf dfq} lyof] . k]ml/ clxn]sf] h:tf] cg'sn " jftfj/0f lyPg . b]zsf nflu s]xL u/f}+ eGg]x?n] klg :yflkt ei6x?sf] hfnf]df a]l/P/ lgsDdf x'gk' g]{ cj:yf lyof] . t/ clxn] ;/sf/sf] g]tT[ j u/]sf kwfgdGqL s]kL cf]nLn] hgkltlglwnfO{ af]nfP/ glhsaf6 x]bf{ klg tkfO“x?df bfu gb]lvof]; eGg'n] / ;lrj;lxt pRrkb:y sd{rf/LnfO{ s'g} klg axfgfdf sfd /f]lsg'xb'“ }g, #% kltzt dfq} sfd x'g' eg]sf] sfd gx'g' xf] eg]/ lbPsf] lgb]z { gn] ca s]xL x'G5 eGg] cfzf knfPsf] 5 . clxn] ljsf; / ;d[l4sf] nflu w]/} ;/sf/x?n] ko{6gnfO{ dxTj lbg], w]/}eGbf w]/} ko{6sLo :yfgsf] ljsf; / kj4{g ug],{ ko{6snfO{ cfslif{t ug]{ h:tf ljifo p7fPsf 5g\ . of] Psbd} :jfefljs xf] . cfhsf] b'lgofdf ljsf; / ;d[l4sf] Pp6f cfwf/ jf ;f]t ko{6s x'g\ . ko{6g Joj;fo xf] . ko{6s cfp“bf k};f cfp“5 . ko{6sn] sltko cj:yfdf kj]z jfktsf] ;]jf z'Nsb]lv kms]/{ guP;Dd ljleGg cj:yfdf lg/Gt/ k};f vr{ u5{g\ . of] vr]s { f] k};f cfDbfgL xf] . o:tf] cfDbfgLn] w]/}sf] /f]huf/L l;h{gf u5{ . cfo a9fp“5 . j:t' / ;]jfsf] vkt x'G5 . cfhsf] b'lgoFdf ko{6g Joj;fo Psbd} pko'Qm Joj;fo xf] . g]kfnsf] xsdf ljb]zL ko{6s hlta9L ;+Vofdf leœofpg / a;fO{ nDAofpg ;lsof] b]znfO{ Tolt g} a9L cfDbfgL x'G5 . clxn] d'ns ' df ePsf] 7"nf] Jofkf/ 3f6f wfGg] eg]sf] klxnf] /]ld6\ofG;sf] cfDbfgL / bf];f] ko{6sn] lt/]sf] k};f xf] . b]zdf ljb]zL ko{6saf6 dfq xf]Og cfGtl/s ko{6saf6 ;d]t kz:t nfe lng ;lsG5 . To;}n] x/]s kb]z / :yfgLo ;/sf/n] ljb]zL / :jb]zL ko{6s cf–cfk\mgf] If]qdf a9LeGbf a9L leœofP/ ljsf; / ;d[l4sf] rfxgf k"/f ug{ hf]8 lbPsf] kfOG5 . of] egfOnfO{ ;fy{s agfpg s]–s] ug'k{ 5{ eGg] af/]df eg] w]/} u[xsfo{ ePsf] b]lvPsf] 5}g . To;}n] w]/}eGbf w]/} ko{6snfO{ cfk\mgf] If]qdf leœofpg], a;fO nDAofpg] / cfDbfgL a9fpg] xf] eg]

:yfgLo tx / kb] zsf] r'gfj ePkl5 lgjf{lrt kltlglwnfO{ ldl8ofn] cfk\mgf] If] qsf] ljsf;sf] of] hgf s] 5 tkfO“sf] eg] / ;f] w] sf] kZgdf nueu ;a} sf] hjfkm x'g] u/] sf] 5– ljsf;sf] nflu s[lif / ko{6gnfO{ hf] 8 lbg] 5f} + . b[li6sf] 0fsf] lx;fan] of] a] 7Ls xf] Og . s[lif / ko{6gsf] ljsf; u/] / w] / } /f] huf/Lsf] l;h{gf / cfDbfgL ug{ ;lsG5 .

 /fdrGb pk]tL o;af/]df 7f]; sfo{ ug{ cfjZos 5 . :yfgLo tx / kb]zsf] r'gfj ePkl5 lgjf{lrt kltlglwnfO{ ldl8ofn] cfk\mgf] If]qsf] ljsf;sf] of]hgf s] 5 tkfO“sf] eg]/ ;f]w]sf] kZgdf nueu ;a}sf] hjfkm x'g] u/]sf] 5 ljsf;sf] nflu s[lif / ko{6gnfO{ hf]8 lbg]5f}+ . b[li6sf]0fsf] lx;fan] of] a]7Ls xf]Og . s[lif / ko{6gsf] ljsf; u/]/ w]/} /f]huf/Lsf] l;h{gf / cfDbfgL ug{ ;lsG5 . d}n] st} k9]sf] ofb 5 wd{ / ko{6gsf] cfwf/ AofVof xf] . h;/L wd{df kdf0fsf] s'/f eGbf cfsif{s JofVofsf] dxTj Hofbf x'G5 To;/L g} ko{6snfO{ cfslif{t ug{ JofVofsf] h?/L x'G5 . wd{sf] JofVofsf] cfwf/ O{Zj/ -km/s–km/s gfddf g} ;xL_ x'g\ / dflg;df O{Zj/klt cf:yf hufpg ;Sg' JofVofsf] p2]Zo x'g]u5{ . ko{6snfO{ cfslif{t ug{ j:t'df cfwfl/t JofVofsf] h?/t k5{ . To:tf] JofVofn] ko{6ssf] dgdf zflGtsf] cfef; x'g ;sf];,\ pT;'stf hufpg / cfgGbsf] cg'el" t x'g ;sf];\ . ;f/df eGbf ko{6s v'zL x'g ;Sg] cfwf/ xf];\ . To:tf] cfwf/sf] pkef]u u/]/ pgLx?n] /dfOnf] dx;'; u?g\ . ;fpy Pl;ofdf wfld{s ko{6ssf] ;d]t 7"nf] ;Defjgf 5 . g]kfndf o;sf] ;Defjgf emg\ w]/} 5 . eujfg uf}td a'4sf] hGd:yn / kz'kltgfysf] dlGb/ xfdf nflu cd"No pkxf/ x'g\ wfld{s ko{6snfO{ cfslif{t { f] kflye/f b]jLsf] ug{sf nflu . To:t} k"js dlGb/, dWodf dgsfdgf b]jLsf] dlGb/, :ju{åf/Lnufot o:tf w]/} wfld{s :yfg 7fp“– 7fp“df 5g\ hxf“ b}lgs xhf/f}+ dflg; k'Ug] u5{g\ . wfld{s ko{6safx]s klg 3'dlkm/df lg:sg] ko{6snfO{ cfslif{t ug]{ vfnsf kfs[lts 56fn] el/Psf b[Zofjnf]sgsf nflu dgf]/d :yfgx?sf] g]kfndf vf;} cefj 5}g . To;df klg km/s–km/s ;+:s[lt, hLjgL, ;+:sf/, hLjgz}nLn] dflg;nfO{ cfslif{t ul//x]sf] x'G5 . o;sf cltl/Qm :yfg ljz]ifdf ko{6snfO{ cfslif{t ug{ l;+ufl/Psf, agfPsf ;fwf/0f s'/fn] klg :yfgLo / afx\o ko{6snfO{ cfslif{t ul//x]sf] x'G5 . dflg;sf] :jefj g} x'G5 gof“–gof“ 7fp“ / km/s–km/s ljz]iftfsf] cWoog, cjnf]sg u/]/ /;:jfbg ug'{ / cfgGb lng' . ko{6g ljsf;sf nflu ko{6s;“u ul/g] Jojxf/, ko{6ssf] ;'/Iff / ;'ljwf Psbd} dxTjk"0f{ ljifo xf] . xfdL;“u ko{6snfO{ cfsif{0f ug]{ w]/} ljifoj:t' eP/ klg Jojxf/, ;'/Iff / ;'ljwfsf] pko'Qm cj:yf gx'b“ f ko{6saf6 w]/} nfe lng ;ls/x]sf] cj:yf 5}g . cfk\mgf] If]qdf ko{6s w]/} cfpg / vr{ u?g eGg] rfxg]n] ko{6ssf] ;/f]sf/sf oL tLg ljifodf dfq} Wofg lbg ;s] lgs} kmfObf x'G5 .

ko{6s eg]sf] ljb]zaf6 cfpg] dflg; dfq} xf]Ogg\ . cem v}/f] 5fnf ePsfnfO{ dfq} ko{6s a'em\ g] k'/fgf] dfgl;stf klg 5 . cfhsf] ;dodf kNnf] ufp“sf dflg; xfdf] ufp‘d“ f cfP/ Ps5fs vfgf vfP / ;f“emdf kms]/{ uP eg] klg ltgnfO{ ko{6s dfGg'k5{ . Tof] Ps 5fs vfgf vf“bf klg ufp“sf] cfDbfgL a9]sf] 5 / cfDbfgL a9\gd' f tL cfpg] dflg;n] u/]sf] vr{n] cy{ /fv]sf] x'G5 . h;/L xfdL 3/ glhs}sf] l5d]sLnfO{ ;]jf / ;fdfg a]r]/ cfk\mgf] cfDbfgL a9fp“5f}+ . o;df l5d]sLsf] klg sfd rNg] / xfdf] klg cfDbfgL x'g] x'G5 . of] klg To:t} Joj;fo xf] . of] Pp6f ;fgf] pbfx/0f dfq xf] . ko{6sn] cfk\mgf] 7fp“df cfP/ h]df hlthlt vr{ u5{g\ ;a} cfDbfgL xf] . To:tf] cfDbfgLnfO{ xfdL slt l6sfp“5f}+ / slt k]ml/ aflx/ k7fp“5f}+ Tof] xfdLd} e/ kg]{ s'/f xf] . h:t} ko{6ssf] vfgfdf kof]u ePsf a:t' cGg, ;AhL, bfn, df;', b"w, kfgL, kmnk"mn nufotsf ;fdfg xfd} pTkfbg x'g\ eg] xfdLn] w]/} kmfObf lng ;S5f}+ . xf]Og eg] yf]/} . lsgls oL ;fdfgsf nflu ko{6sn] lt/]sf] k};f aflxl/g] eof] . To;}n] ko{6snfO{ ;s];Dd v'zL kf/]/ :yfgLo ;fwg, ;f]t, j:t', ;]jfsf] kof]u ug'{ a9L kmfObfhgs x'G5 . ;a}eGbf 7"nf] s'/f ko{6ssf] ;'/Iff / ko{6s;“u :yfgLon] ug]{ Jojxf/n] dxTj /fV5 . ko{6sn] cfk"m hfg] :yfgdf sltsf] ;'/lIft dx;'; ug{ ;S5g\ < ;'/lIft cg'el" t gx'g] :yfgdf hlt;'s} cfsif{s :yfg / ljifo ePkl5 dflg; hfg rfx“b}gg\ . Hofg hf]lvddf kf/]/ s;}n] klg v'zL dgfpg ;Sb}gg\ . 3'Dg lx“8]sf ko{6ssf] nIf eg]sf] v'zL / cfgGbsf] cg'el" t ug'{ xf] . ;'/Iff kbfg ug]{ klxnf] bfloTj /fHosf] xf] . :yfgLo ;/sf/sf] xf] . ;'/Iffsf] /fdf] Joj:yf gu/L ko{6snfO{ cfslif{t ug{ ;lsb}g . ;“u;“u} ko{6snfO{ ;]jf lbg] Joj;fodf ;+nUg dflg;n] ko{6s;“u s:tf] Jojxf/ u5{g\ < pgLx?n] ug]{ Jojxf/af6 ko{6s slQsf] ;Gt'i6 cg'el" t u5{g\ < ko{6snfO{ sltsf] Gofo ul/Psf] x'G5 < of] csf]{ Psbd} dxTjsf] s'/f xf] . ko{6snfO{ e'mSofP/, 9f“6]/, ce/df kf/]/ Psk6s, b'Ok{ 6s s]xL yf]/} dflg;n] cln a9L kmfObf lng ;Snfg\ . t/ ko{6sn] cfk"m 7luPsf] dx;'; u/]/ kms]{ eg] To;sf] bL3{sfnLg glthf s] k5{ < ko{6sdfly b'Jo{jxf/ eof] / ko{6sn] ckdfg dx;'; u/] eg] To;sf] b"/ufdL kl/0ffd s] knf{ < of] af/]df uDeL/ eP/ ;f]Rg ;s] / Jojxf/df lg/Gt/ kl/jt{g u/]/ cfpg] ko{6snfO{ v'zL kfg{ ;s] dfq o:tf] Joj;foaf6 lbuf] kmfObf lng ;lsG5 . clxn] xfdLn] ;Rofpg' / ;'wf/ ug'k{ g]{ ljifo eg]sf] xfdLn] ko{6s;“u ug]{ Jojxf/ xf] . ko{6ssf] ;'/Iffdf Wofg

lbg'kg]{ s'/fdf xf] . ljZj ;fOlsn ofqL k'is/ zfxn] clkmsf ed0fsf af/]df n]v]sf 5g\ Toxf“ kfOnf–kfOnfdf ko{6snfO{ 7Ug] ul/G5 . pgn] s]xL pbfx/0f k]z u/]sf 5g\ . h:t} 6]S;Ldf a:bf pgn] ef8f ;f]w] / ef“8f to u/]/ ofqf u/] . t/ ef8f lbg] a]nfdf a9L ef8f dfluof] . pgn] cl3 to ePsf] ef8f ;DemfP . 6]S;Ljfnfn] Tof] t 6]S;Lsf] ef8f xf] yk t]nsf] k};f lbg'k5{ eg]/ ofq';u“ w]/} k};f lnP . csf]{ k6s 6]S;L r9\bf ef8f ;f]w], t]nsf] bfd klg lnG5f} ls eg]/ ;f]w] . lnGg eGof] /] . 6]S;Ldf ofqf u/] . k};f ltg]{ a]nfdf yk k};f dfu] . lsg w]/} eg]/ kZg ubf{ l;6df a;]sf] k};f a]Un} nfU5 eGof] /] . a;df nfdf] ?6df ofqf ug]{ ofqLnfO{ a;jfnfn] nu]/ vfgf vfg] / gf:tf ug]{ 7fp“df v'n]cfd a]lrlbG5g\ . Ps ;o gkg]{ vfgfnfO{ b'O; { o krf; lnG5g\ . Tof] klg lgs} 3l6of :t/sf] vfgf x'G5 . Toxf“ ofq'nfO{ ug]{ Jojxf/ olt laemfpg] x'G5 ls xQkQ la;{g ;lsb}g . To;}n] clxn] nfdf] ofqf ug]{ w]/}n] cfk"m a]lrPsf xf]6ndf vfgf vfg dg ub}g{ g\ . ljsNk vf]H5g\ . s] o:tf a]lyltaf6 ko{6snfO{ :yfgLo ;/sf/n] arfpnf < ;'wf/ unf{ < jf b]v]sf] gb]v} unf{ < bflh{ln8= k'/fgf] ko{6sLo uGtJo xf] . w]/}nfO{ nfU5 hLjgdf Psk6s bflh{lnª k'uf}+ . t/ kl5Nnf] s]xL jif{b]lv ko{6ssf] cfsif{0f bflh{lnªdf eGbf l;lSsddf a9]sf] kfOG5 . To;sf] Pp6f dxTjk"0f{ sf/0f eg]sf] l;lSsd ;/sf/n] ko{6snfO{ ug]{ Jojxf/ xf] . Toxf“ s'g} klg ko{6snfO{ ;]jf lbg] JolQmn] lrl6ª u/]sf], 7u]sf], 9f“6]sf], b'Jo{jxf/ u/]sf] kfOPdf ;DalGwt dflg;nfO{ t'?Gt} bl08t ul/G5 . To;}n] ko{6snfO{ s;}n] klg xQkQ 5Ng], 9f“6g\ ], e'mSofpg] cf“6 ub}g{ g\ . b'Jo{jxf/ ub{}{gg\ . t/ bflh{lnªdf of] ;d:of 5 elgG5 . xfdf] s]Gb, kb]z / :yfgLo ;/sf/ ko{6snfO{ e'mSofpg], 9f“6g\ ], 7Ug], b'Jo{jxf/ ug]{ ko{6s;“u, cg'lrt kmfObf lng]nfO{ slQsf] 7fp“sf 7fp“ sf/jfxL u/]/ jf klzlIft u/]/ ;'wfg{ kof; u5{ / ko{6snfO{ cfZj:t kfg{ ;S5 < o; ;DaGwdf ;/sf/sf] s] sfo{qmd 5 < hxf“ ko{6s 7luG5g\ Toxf“ 5f]6f] cjlwsf nflu s]xL w'tn { ] kmfObf cjZo lnG5g\ . t/ bL3{sfnLg?kdf Tof] :yfgn] ko{6s g} u'dfp“5 . clxn] sltko :yfgdf :yfgLosf] v/fa Jojxf/sf sf/0f ko{6s bf]xf]l/P/ ghfg], g/fdf] krf/ x'g], ;]jfsf] u'0f:t/ Psbd} sd;n x'g], dx+uf] d"No ltg'k{ g]{ / uPsf ko{6s cldnf] dg lnP/ kms{gk' g]{ cj:yf 5 . of] cj:yfdf ;'wf/ Nofpg ljz]if u/L :yfgLo ;/sf/n] kxn ug}k{ 5{ . ko{6sn] pkef]u ug]{ ;]jf ;'ljwfsf] cj:yf s:tf] 5 < of] csf]{ dxTjk"0f{ ljifo xf] . ko{6sn] ;]jf pkef]u u/]jfkt vr{ ug]{ xf] . ko{6sn] ug]{ vr{ :yfgLosf] cfDbfgL xf] . ;/sf/sf] cfDbfgL xf] . olb ;a} s'/f eP/ klg ko{6sn] pkef]u ug]{ ;]jf / j:t' w]/} 5}gg\ eg] ko{6sn] rfx]/ klg vr{ ug]{ 7fp“ x'b“ }g . vr{ ub}g{ g\ . vr{ u/]gg\ eg] xfdLn] ;f]r]sf] cfDbfgL x'b“ }g . To;}n], lgjf{rgkl5 w]/} lgjf{lrt kltlglwn] ko{6gsf] ljsf; u/]/ ;d[l4 Nofp“5f}+ eg] klg of] lbzfdf 7f]; sd{ u/]/ ;'/Iff, Jojxf/ / ;'ljwfdf ;'wf/ ug{ ;lsPg eg] s'/fn] dfq} kmfObf lng ;lsb}g .

ljBfnosf] h:t} 3/sf] rkL{ agfpF“ xfdf] 3/sf aRrfn] ;kmf zf}rfnodf lb;f lk;fa ug{ rfxG5g\ . ljZjf; u/f}+ aRrf k9\g] ljBfnosf] zf}rfno ;kmf 5 . hlt;'s} kmf]xf]/ eP klg 3/sf] zf}rfnosf] af/]df aRrfn] slxNo} kltlqmof lbPg eg] p;sf] ljBfnodf cjZo uGxfpg] zf}rfno 5 . uP/ x]/] x'G5 . Pp6f ljBfnosf] sfo{qmddf ;/;kmfO cGtlqm{of ug{ hfg] cj;/ ldNof] . aRrfx?nfO{ :nfO8dfkm{t tf; v]ln/x]sf cleefjssf] tl:j/ b]vfP“ . 3/df o;/L v]Ng] km';b{ x'G5 . ;kmf ug]{ ;do lgsfNg ;Sb}gg\ eg]/ JofVof u/]“ . Pshgf aRrfn] eGg'eof]– …xfdf a'jf / xh'/j'jfn] klg v]Ng'xG' 5 . To;kl5 xnel/sf aRrfx? xf“;] . Tof] b[Zon] geg] klg w]/}sf 3/df o;/L v]Ng]x? 5g\ eGg] a'emfp“Yof] . dg 5f]Pkl5 xf“;f]sf] kmf]x/f 5'6]sf] xf] . s]xL uf]Hof+uf dfG5] clxn] klg 5g\ . cf7 bz kfOnf lx“8o\ f] g} yfs]/ yrSs} a:g] hjfg d}n] e6]sf] 5' . r'/f]6 / /S;Lsf] vfGsLn] ltgsf] z/L/ k"/} un]sf] 5 . sfusf h:tf v§f b]lvG5g\ . ;w} p:t} ks[ltsf] 6fpsf]df af“lwPsf] ?dfn . ;fob To;n] 6fpsf] b'vfOnfO{ /fxt lbG5 . laxfg p7\ of] g} e§Lsf] ;'tf{ . lbgdf w]/}k6s /S;L kfOg] 7fp‘d“ f cf]xf]/bf]xf]/ u5{g . ToxL qmddf la;f}gf a:g'kg]{ . ltgn] ljBfno k'u]/ aRrfsf] cj:yf x]g]{ s'/} ePg . s;sf] ;+utn] /S;L h'6fpg] lrGtf dfq} b]lvG5 . To:tf s]xL kfq afx]s w]/}nfO{ cfkm\gf aRrfsf] lrGtf 5 . clws ;do aRrfsf] eljiosf] nflu ;f]R5g\ . pgLx?n] cfkm\gf aRrfsf] :jefj / kltlqmof Vofn ug{k' 5{, Tof] ljBfnoaf6 kms]k{ l5 x]gk{' 5{ . xfdL ;/;kmfOsf] ljz]if cleofgdf 5f}+ . klxnf] s'/f ahf/df aflx/ s'g} klg kl/sf/

v'nf /fVg glbg] xf] . s]xL jif{leq} lem+uf dfvf 8'n]sf] rf]ssf vfhf gf:tf k;nsf] kl/sf/ s;}n] vfg] 5}g . leq zf]s];df kl/sf/ /fVg';\ eGbf oxL ld7f] dfG5g\ leqsf] af;L eG5g\ eGg] hjfkm lbG5g\ . gb]vfPsf] laSb} laSb}g eGg] ;fx'x?sf] egfO 5 . To;}n] k};f xfn]/ /f]u vfg'xG' g eGg] l;sfp“b}5f+} . w]/} ljBfnodf k'lu;s]sf 5f}+ . s]xL ljBfnodf k'Ug] klqmof ldNb}5 . ;d'bfodf klg xfdL k'U5f}+ . pgLx?nfO{ kmf]xf]/ xftn] 5f]Psf] gvfg" eg]sf 5f}+ . cfkm"n] aflx/ s]xL klg kmf]xf]/ gv;fNg" eg]sf 5f}+ . oxL s'/f ljBfnox?df clgjfo{ agfpg h?/L 5 . g]lKsgdf a6f/]sf, sf“6f rDrfn] lbPsf] kl/sf/ dfq vfpg\ . w]/} ljBfnosf ljBfyL{n] ahf/sf] kmnkm"n gwf]P/ vfg' x'Gg eG5g\ . lsg < egL pgLx?nfO{ kltkZg ubf{ …ljiffbL xfn]sf] x'G5Ú eg]/ kltlqmof lbP . c;fWo} v'zLnfUbf] hjfkm lbP . t/ z/L/sf] l5§} kmf]xf]/ x'g] c+u xft eGg] sd}nfO{ yfxf 5 . ;a}eGbf a9L sfddf kof]u x'g] c+u xft xf] . lb;f w'g]b]lv ?k}of“ k};f v]nfpg xftn] sfd u5{ . vfg] klg xft}n] xf] . To;}n] xftdf ljz]if Wofg lbg h?/L 5 . of] s'/f ljBfnox?n] cln sd l;sfPsf 5g\ . a;af6 kmf]xf]/ kmfNg] u/]sf] e]l6G5 . rfprfp;d]t rf6\b} lx“8]sf] b]lvG5 . pgLx?nfO{ ;fa'gkfgLn] xft w'g] t/Lsf / xft wf]P/ dfq} vfgf vfg] afgL a;fNg' kg]5 { . w]/} ljBfnon] :j:y x'g] ljlw t l;sfPsf 5g\, t/ aRrfn] kof]udf Nofpg ;s]sf sd 5g\ . lk;fj u/]kl5 kfgL xfNg'k5{ eGg] l;sfOPsf] 5}g . gkvfn]kl5 uGxfp“5 . sltko ljBfnodf kfgL kof{Kt b]lvPg . st} t lb;f klg Kofg aflx/ u/]sf] e]l6of] . of] sdhf]/L cleefjs / ljBfno b'a}sf] xf] .

aRrfn] k9\g uPsf] a]nfdf kz:t kfgL vfg kfpGg . p;sf] lb;f clgoldt eof] / ljBfnodf lbp“;f] lb;f cfof] . ljBfnodf 5}g eg] klg 3/af6 af]tnx?sf] Joj:yf ul/lbg'k5{ . kfgLsf] dfqf k'u]sf] eP laxfg 3/df zf}r ub{Yof] . ptf 3/df klg aRrfnfO{ zf}rfno kof]u;DaGwL arkg}b]lv afgL nfu]g . To;}n] Kofgdf lb;f u/]g . cem gf} bzdf k9\g] 5fqfx?n] a]l;gdf kof]u ePsf] Kof8 kmfn]sf] e]l6of] . of] nfhdbf]{ 5 . To;f] u/] xfdLn] agfpg] 8fS6/ OlGhlgo/ lb;f lk;fj ug{ ghfGg] x'g]5g\ . To;n] cGt/f{li6«o hutdf g]kfnsf] abgfd u/fpg]5g\ . ha aRrfn] zf}rfno uGxfof], ;kmf u/f}+ eGb}g ta aRrf k9\g] ljBfnosf] zf}rfno kmf]xf]/ 5 . ljBfnosf] eGbf uGxfP klg 3/s} ;kmf 5 . To;}n] r'k nfUof] . v'zL eP/ nfdf] ;do zf}rfnodf latfp“5 . ljBfnodf x]g{ g;lsg], ;'£“ g g;lsg] / v'§f 6]Sg gldNg] zf}rfno 5g\ . 3/sf] zf}rfnodf lb;fsf y'Rrf t x“b' }gg\ dfq} uGxfPsf] xf] . p;nfO{ s]xL km/s kb}g{ . d]/f] aRrfn] ljBfnodf ;/, d]8d / ld;n] h] eGg'eof] ToxL ug'{ eG5 . Toxf“ uNtL u/]sf] ;Rofp“bf klg dfGb}g . dnfO{ oxL eGg' ef xf] eG5 . w]/} cleefjsn] ;'gfpg'xG' 5 . sltko cj:yfdf lauf/]sf s'/f klg aRrfn] ljBfnodf oxL eg]sf 5g\ eg]/ lh2L u5{ . ;xL 7fG5 . olt 7"nf] ljZjf; cfh{g ug]{ ynf]af6 rkL{ s:tf] agfpg] eGg] l;Sg}k5{ . To;kl5 ;a}sf aRrfx? ljBfnosf] h:t} zf}rfno agfp“5g\ . ;kmf / lg/f]uL x'G5f}+ . k9fO u'0f:t/Lo aG5 . ;a}s/' f l;Sg] ynf]sf ?kdf ljBfnonfO{ ljsf; ug{ h?/L 5 . x'g t lbgdf kf“r 306f dfq} ljtfpg] xf] . af“sL !* 306f t cleefjs;“u} a:5 . 3/df cleefjsn]

u uf]ljGb v8\sf u/]sf] x]/]/ l;S5 . ljBfnodf lzIfsn] l;sfPsf] u5{ . l;Sg] eg]/ ljBfno k7fpg] / hfg] xf] . Toxf“ ePsf x/]s ultljlw l;Sg] xf] . To;f] xf] eg] au+}rf agfpg], km"naf/L agfpg], ljleGg yl/sf km"n km'nfpg] ;a} s'/f ljBfnoaf6} l;Sg'k5{ . ;kmf kfgL lkpg], ;kmf zf}rfnodf lb;f ug]{ ToxL hfGg'k5{ . uNg] guNg] kmf]xf]/ 5'6o\ fpg] / Knfli6s ghnfpg] klg pt} l;sfpg'k5{ . 3/sf dfG5] hlt lj1 eP klg aRrfn] kTofp“b}gg\ . ljBfnonfO{ klv{G5g\ . s;}nfO{ ufnL u/]/ x'b“ }g . d cfkm\ gf] ljBfyL{sfn ;lDembf Pp6f cf]8f/ ofb cfp“5, hxf“ xluGYof] . ljBfno glhs Pp6f 7"nf] cf]8f/ lyof] . xfdLn] lb;flk;fj ug]{ 7fp“ ToxL xf] . e+};Lsf] esf/f] h:tf] lb;} lb;fsf] y'Rrf x'Gy] . gfs y'g]/ lk;fj km]Yof{} . lb;f ubf{ 3f];f]dG' 6f] nfP/ a:Yof}+ . sf]xL glhs} cfP klg cfkm"n] b]Vg'kb}Y{ of] / nfh 6Yof]{ . jiff{tdf eg] 3f“;df nbalbPsf] lb;f rKkndf nfUYof] . sIff sf]7fdf cfPkl5 uGxfof] eg] v'a} nfh nfUYof] . cln kl5 zf}rfno eP . p;a]nf zf}rfno nfhaf6 hf]lug agfPsf] a'em\Yof}+ . lb;fn] slt xfgL

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(April 17, 2018)

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;'gfOg\– …/ftel/ dg eTetL kf] NYof] .Ú dlxnfx?sf] o:tf] bogLo cj:yfn] pgnfO{ Psflt/ lk/f] NYof] eg] csf{] lt/ o; If] qdf sfd ug{ emg} xf} : ofO/xGYof] / pgn] ;+sNk lnOg\– …ca log} lbbLalxgLsf] p4f/df nfU5' .Ú cfkm"sxf“ cfOk'u] sf hf] sf] xL lx+;fkLl8t jf c;xfo dlxnfx? pgnfO{ cfkm\g} lbbLjlxgL h:t} nfU5g\ . /, t pgLx?sf] p4f/ / Gofosf nflu h'g;'s} a] nf klg bf} l8g tDtof/ x'lG5g\ . s] xL dlxnfx? t pgnfO{ vf] Hb} 3/;Dd cfOk'U5g\ . Psk6s o:t} anfTsf/sf] 36gfn] /fltsf] b'O{ ah] ;Dd klg bf} l8Psf] pgn] cg'ej ;'gfOg\ . To;f] t pgsf] sfd cfkm"sxf“ cfPsf kLl8t dlxnfx?nfO{ dgf] k/fzd{ lbg] / ;DalGwt ;+3;+: yf jf sfof{nodf k'¥ofOlbg] dfq} xf] . t/ sltko 36gfx?df pgL cfkm} bf} l8lG5g\ . …cem} klg kLl8tsf s'/ f ;lhn} ;'lglbg] / Gofo kfpg] cj:yf 5} gÚ– pgn] b'v] ;f] kf] lvg\ . kLl8tsf kIfdf af] lnlbg] sf] xL gx'“bf cfkm\} cufl8 g;/L ;'v} gx'g] pgL atfp“l5g\ . …xfdf] ;dfh s:tf] 5 eg] , kLl8tnfO{ ;fy ;xof] usf] ;f6f] pN6} ckx] ngf ul/G5 / kL8snfO{ xf} : ofOG5 . jf:tjdf kL8snfO{ sfg'gL sf/jfxL x'g g;Sg' klg dlxnf lx+;f a9\g'sf] Pp6f sf/0f xf] Ú– pgn] elgg\ . k] zfn] dgf] k/fzd{stf{ eP klg pgsf] cfkm\gf] 3/u[x:yL 5 . >Ldfg\;“u} kl/jf/sf] lhDd] jf/ klg pgsf] sf“wdf 5 . ;fydf x'ls{b} 5g\, jif{lbg gk'u] sf] b'O{ b'w] ;Gtfg . t/ klg pgnfO{ tL dlxnfx?sf] a9L lrGtf 5 . clxn] klg 3/d} ;fgf] b'w] aRrf 5f8] / ltg} dlxnfx/sf] p4f/ / Gofosf nflu

ha aRrfn] aflx/ lb;f u5{ SoflG6gdf /flvPsf vfg]s/' fdf lem+ufn] NofOlbG5 . To;nfO{ yfx} gkfP/ lzIfs sd{rf/Ln] vfOlbG5f}+ . ;8s af6f]df lb;f u5{ . Toxf“af6 klg vfg]s/' fdf NofOlbG5 . 3fprf]6 / lknf]df NofOlbG5 . To;}n] xfdLn] hlt ;kmf u/] klg c?sf] kmf]xf]/ cfp“5 eGg] a'em\g}k5{ . Pshgf kcn] lzIfs / ljBfyL{ Pp6} zf}rfno hfg} g;lsg] atfP . pgsf] egfO lyof] ljBfyL{ ;“u;“u} s;/L lb;f lk;fj ug]{ . o;sf] cy{ ljBfyL{sf] x}l;ot lzIfssf] eGbf sd xf] eGg] a'emfO 5 . xfdL 7"nf dfG5] xf}+ eGg] efg lzIfsdf 5 . Tof] 7fn'kg ePsf] lzIfsn] gfRb}, ufp“b} v]Nb} s;/L aRRffnfO{ k9fpg;S5 < clg xfdf aRrfx? ultnf x'G5g\ . tL lzIfssf Joxf]/fn] b'lvt agfPsf] 5 . lzIfs / ljBfyL{ Pp6} zf}rfnodf uP ;kmf x'G5 . t/ tL kc aRrfnfO{ cfkm";/x bf“Hg rfx]gg\ . To:tf kc ePsf] ljBfnodf aRrf k7fpg' cleefjssf] nflu 3f6f xf] . o; ljifodf uDeL/ agf}+ . ca lzIfs / ljBfyL{ p:t} dfgj xf] . o;df b'Od{ t /fVg' x'Gg . h;n] kmf]xf]/ u5{ Tof] ;kmfsf] d'v;Dd k'U5 . of] hfGg}k5{ . d ;kmf 5' eg]/ l5d]sLnfO{ kmf]xf]/ ug{ lbg]x? unt x'g\ . ltgL 3f6fdf k5{g\ . cfkm" ;kmf x'G5g\ . c?sf] kmf]xf]/ vfG5g\ jf ;'£“ 5g\ . To;}n] h;n] kmf]xf]/ u/] klg Tof] uGw / To;df a;]sf] lem+uf p;sf] efudf dfq} hfG5' eGb}g . lem+uf / kmf]xf]/n] ;kmf / kmf]xf]/ JolQm lrGb}g . To;}n] lzIfs jf ljBfyL{ h;sf] kmf]xf]/ eP klg ;du ljBfnosf] xf] . aRrfn] ljBfnodf kmf]xf]/ / c:tJo:t l;Sof] eg] hLjge/sf] 3f6f cfh{g u5{ . 3/df klg p:t} / cfkm\gf] lhGbuLdf klg ToxL nfu' x'G5 . To;}n] 3/ / ljBfno ldnfpglt/ nfuf}+ . lsgeg] ljBfnosf] h:t} aRrfn] 3/df vf]H5 .

bf} l8/x] sL x'lG5g\ . wDsL p:t} Hflt dlxnfx?sf] Gofosf] kIfsf pleof] , otf cfkm\g} Hofg;d] t c;'/ lIft x'G5 . …;a} sf] dg;fo /fdf] x“'b} g . s'g} dlxnfsf] Gofosf] kIfdf plebf pN6} kL8s kIfaf6 b} Vnf;\ / kVnf;sf wDsLx? cfp“5g\Ú– pgn] elgg\ . kf“rsf] jif{sf] cGt/fndf o:tf wDsL t y'k} cfP . t/ klg pgL slxNn} larlnt eOgg\ . emg\ alnof] x“'b} uOg\ . …ltg} lbbLalxgLx?sf] dfof, ;fy / ljZjf;n] cem} cfTdan a9\b} uPsf] 5Ú– d'xf/df xif{sf] efj 5fof] . dlxnfsf If] qdf sfg"g sfof{Gjog, ;fdflhs Gofo x'g g;Sbf lx+;fn] 7"nf] ?k lnO/x] sf] pgsf] a'emfO 5 . …Goflos lgsfox?af6 ;d] t ;lhn} Gofo kfpg] ;Sg] cj:yf 5} g . To;df klg lx+;f ug{] x?sf] p:t} hdft 5– …pgn] elgg\– …c?sf] s] s'/ f ug'{ ;dfhsf kltli7t, a'l4hLjL JolQmx?af6} dlxnf lx+;f x'G5 .Ú o:tf] b] Vbf slxn] t pgnfO{ pb] s klg nfu] / cfp“5 . Joy{ o; If] qdf sfd u/] 5' h:tf] klg x'G5 . t/ ha pgL cfkm"n] p4f/ u/] sf y'k} dlxnfx?nfO{ x] l5{g\ ta pgnfO{ d] x] gtsf] kltkmn kfP h:tf] nfU5 . cem a9L lx+;fkLl8t / c;xfo dlxnfx?n] cfkm"klt /fv] sf] cfzf / e/f] zf b] Vbf, cem} 86] / sfd ug{ dg nfU5 pgnfO{ . dgdf cfTd;Gt'li6 x'G5 . …z'?df dsxf“ cfpg'ePsf lbbLalxgL?n] c? yk lx+;fdf k/] sfx?nfO{ eGg'x'G5 /] …lx+;f eP /fwf lbbLsxf“ hfg"Ú– kkm'lNnt efjdf elgg\– …oxL t d} n] hLjgdf sdfPsf] wg .Ú

k;n laqmLdf

klqsf dfu] / xf] Og lsg]/ k9\g] afgL a;fnf} + .

lkknaf] 6 6f] n, /em] gf rf] s -c:ktfn /f] 8_ 3f] / fxLdf /x] sf] rfn' cj:yfsf] l;l4bfqL kmf] 6f] h lukm\6 P08 6f] oh k;n laqmLdf 5 . ;Dks{ M (*)@!^*%*$, (*$&(%&!($

lhNnf jg sfof{no bfªsf] cg'/f]w bfª lhNnf ;+j]bglzn r'/] If]qdf kg]{ ePsfn] r'/] If]qsf] ;+/If0fsf] nflu !_ jg If] qaf6 s;} n] cj} w ?kdf 9'+uf, lu§L, afn'jf ;+sng gu/f} , gu/fcf} F . @_ lhNnf jg sof{nosf] :jLs[ltlagf s'g} klg ;d"xn] cfkm"v'zL cj} w tj/n] jg k} bfjf/ ;+sng tyf laqmL ljt/0f gu/f} F . #_ ljsf;sf] gfddf ljlw klqmof ljkl/t jg If] qleq s;} n] klg af6f] 3f6f] , s'nf] , ljB't nfO{g nfg] sfo{ gu/f} gu/fcf} F . $_ cj} w ?kdf s;} n] klg jg k} bfjf/df cfwfl/t ;Mldn, kmlg{r/ tyf O{§f e§6f ;~rfng gu/f} gu/fcf} F . %_ jg k} bfjf/ rf] / L lgsf;L, jGohGt'sf] rf] / L lzsf/ tyf cfv] 6f] kxf/ cf] ;f/k;f/ sfo{ s;} n] gu/f} F gu/fcf} F . ^_ bfª lhNnfnfO{ d?e"lds/0f x'gaf6 arfcf} F, jftfj/0f cg's'nsf sfo{x?dfq u/f} F . pk/f]Qm pNn]lvt lgif]lwt sfo{x? g/] u/fPdf jg P]g @)$( adf]lhd sfg'gL sf/afxL ul/g] 5 . s;}n] jg tyf jftfj/0f ljgf; ;DjGwL To:tf] sfo{ u/] u/fPsf] yfxf x'g cfPdf tTsfn ;'rgf lbO{ lgoGq0f / lgu/fgLdf ;xof]u ul/ lhDd]jf/ gful/ssf] e"dLsf lgjf{x ug{ bfªaf;L ;a}df lhNnf jg sfof{no bfª xflb{s cg'/f]w ub{5 .

lhNnf jg sfof{no bfª

kmf]g g=+ )*@–%^))!$, df]=g=+ (*%&*#@%!$ g]kfn ;/sf/

dfnkf] t sfof{no ;Nofgsf] #% lbg] ;"rgf † ;Nofg lhNnf bfdf{ ufpFkflnsf j8f g+= @ a:g] ?kfb]jL h}zLn] lgDg lvlvt hUufsf] gfd;f/L ul/kfpF egL dfnkf]t sfof{no ;Nofgdf lgj]bg lbg' ePsf] x'bF f ;j}sf] hfgsf/Lsf] nfuL of] ;"rgf ksflzt u/LPsf] 5 . lgj]bssf] gfddf btf{ x'g gkg]{ sf/0f eP jf c? s;}sf] gfddf ;d]t btf{ x'g' kg]{ eP jf lgj]bs jfx]s c? klg xsjfnf eP sf/0f v'nfO{ of] ;"rgf ksflzt ePsf] ldltn] #% -k}tL;_ lbg leq lgj]bssf] gfddf gfd;f/L xg' gkg]{ eP ;f]sf] sf/0f v'nfO{ c?sf] klg xs nfUg] eP kdf0f;lxt / gfd;f/L ug'{ kg]d{ f xsjfnfsf] lhsL/;lxt lgj]bg ug{ o; sfof{nodf cfpg' xf]nf ;od leq bfjL lj/f]w kg{ gcfPdf sfg'g jdf]lhd e} hfg] Joxf]/f ;"rgf ul/G5 . uflj; bfdf{sf]6

j8f g+= ^

ls g+= $)$

If]qkmn #–)–#–@

hUuf wlgsf] gfd,y/ obL k;fb cfrfo{

t'n;Lk'/ , # a}zfv . t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/ sfo{kflnsf ;b:o bLks s'dfnn] hGdlbgsf] cj;/df c;xfo afnaflnsfnfO{ ;xof] u ug'{ePsf] 5 . t'n;Lk'/ –!* lahf} / Ldf /x] sf] c;xfo afn ljsf; s] Gbdf a:b} cfPsf afnaflnsfnfO{ z} lIfs ;fduL ljt/0f ug'{eof] . a'waf/ k/] sf] hGdlbgsf] cj;/df s'dfnn] c;xfo afnaflnsfnfO{ emf] nf, skL, snd ljt/0f ug'{ePsf] xf] . pQm ;+: yfdf /x] sf !# hgf c;xfo afnaflnsfnfO{ cfkm" @^ jif{ kf/ u/L @& jif{df kj] z u/] sf] cj;/df pxf“n] z} lIfs ;fduL x:tfGt/0f ug'{eof] . hGdlbgdf kmh'n vr{ ug'{ eGbf c;xfox?nfO{ ;xof] u u/] sf] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] . … hGd lbgsf] gfddf kl5Nnf] ;do kmh'ndf xhf/f} + ?k} of“ vr{ ul/G5Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …kmh'ndf vr{ x'g] pQm /sd o:t} c;xfosf] nflu vlr{P pgLx?nfO{ 7"nf] /fxt k'U5 .Ú ca hGdlbgdf

cgfjZos vr{ ug] { eGbf klg ;fdflhs sfddf nufpg k] / 0ff lbg cfkm"n] pQm sfo{sf] z'?jft u/] sf] pxf“n] atfpFg'eof] . … cgfjZos vr{ ug] { clxn] sf] krng cGTo ug'{k5{Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …;a} nfO{ k] / 0ff ldnf] ;\egL d} n] c;xfo afnaflnsfnfO{ z} lIfs ;fduL x:tfGt/0f u/] sf] x'“ .Ú pxf“n] kTo] s jif{ hGdlbgdf c;xfo afnljsf; s] Gb lahf} / Lsf afnaflnsfnfO{ @) xhf/ ?k} of“ ;xof] u ug] { klta4tf ;d] t JoQm ug'{eof] . ;xof] u x:tfGt/0f sfo{qmddf t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/ kflnsfsf sfo{jfxs kd'v b] j/fh ljZjsdf{, sfo{kflnsf ;b:o cd/ g] kfnL …dfOsnÚ, j8f g+= !* sf cWoIf dfwj cf] nL, clvn qmflGtsf/L bfªsf ;x;+of] hs ;'jf; a:g] t, c;xfo afn ljsf; s] Gb lahf} / Lsf sf] iffWoIf ;Ldf cf] nLnufotsf] ;xeflutf lyof] . o;} aLr s] Gbsf cWoIf lji0f' rf} w/Ln] hGdlbgdf ;fdflhs sfd u/] sf] eGb} wGojfb lbg'eof] .

3f] / fxL–!^ sf] j8f ejg lznfGof; o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf 3f]/fxL, # a}zfv . 3f]/fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f gDa/ !^ n] j8f sfof{nosf] ejg lgdf{0f yfn]sf] 5 . lgdf{0f x'g yfn]sf] ejgsf] laxLjf/ 3f]/fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf kd'v g?nfn rf}w/L, pkkd'v ;Ltf Gof}kfg] / j8fWoIf nl5gk;fb a'9fn] ;+oQ ' m?kdf lznfGof; ug'e { Psf] 5 . ;fgLcDafk'/ sf] d'gf 6f] ndf sl/a ^& nfv ?k} of“sf] nfutdf rf/sf] 7] ejg lgdf{0fsf] sfd yflnPsf] xf] . rfn' cfly{s jif{leq} lgdf{0f ;Sg] u/L sfd z'? ePsf] j8fWoIf a'9f du/n]

hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . lznfGof;kl5 gu/ kd'v rf} w/Ln] ;dod} u'0f:t/Lo ejg agfpg cfux ug'{eof] . ;a} ;] jfufxLx?nfO{ ;xh x'g] u/L ejg lgdf{0f ug{ pxf“n] cfux ug'{eof] . gu/ kd'v rf} w/Ln] cGo s] xL j8fx?sf] ejg klg o;} cfly{s jif{df lgdf{0f x'g] u/L tof/L ePsf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . sfo{qmddf j8f ;b:ox?, /fhgLlts bn tyf vfg] kfgLsf kltlglwx?sf] ;xeflutf lyof] . cfkm\g} ejg gePsf] j8f g+= !^ n] ;/f{df 3/ef8fdf lnP/ sfof{no ;~rfng u/] sf] 5 .

s}lkmot

o;df d] / f] b] j/ obL k;fb cfrfo{sf] cljjflxt cj:yfdf ldlt @)&$÷)&÷@! ut] cfkmg} sfn ultn] d[To' ePsf] n] lghsf] Psdfq bfh' tyf d] / f] klt tf] tf/fd h} zLsf] klg ldlt @)^$.!@.( ut] cfk\mg} sfn ultn] d[To' ePsf] n] d[ts hUuf wgL obL k;fb cfrfo{sf dftf lktfsf] klxn] g} d[To' ePsf] lghsf] Psdfq efph' d dfq ePsf] n] lghsf] gfddf btf{ >] : tf sfod ePsf] hUuf d] / f] gfddf Psnf} 6L gfd;f/L u/L kfpF egL of] lgj] bg k] z ul/Psf] .

lahf} / L, # a}zfv . PsLs[t hghfu/0f cleofgcGtu{t lahf} / Lsf] af“;u9Ldf hg;f+: s[lts sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf] cfof] hgfdf ;~rflnt hghfu/0f cleofgcGtu{t hnhnf hg;f+: s[lts kl/jf/sf snfsf/n] ljleGg k:t'ltx? b] vfPsf lyP . sfo{qmddf a] kQf kl/jf/ ;dfhsf s] GbLo cWoIf /fdaxfb'/ yfkf, g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf O~rfh{ ls/0f 8f“uL, clvn g] ] kfn u0ftflGqs v] ns"b dxf;+3sf s] GbLo ;b:o ?b cf] nL, g] skf lahf} / L O~rfh{ dbg s] ;Lnufotn] af] Ng'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng

clvn -qmflGtsf/L_ sf lhNnf ;lrj cd/ v8\sfn] ug{'ePsf] lyof] . …hg;Qfsf] lgdf{0f ub} { cl3 a9f} + . bnfn ;QfnfO{ vf/] h u/f} + . hghfu/0f cleofg ;~rfng u/f} + . qmflGtsf kf“r cfwf/nfO{ ;'b[9 u/f} +Ú eGg] d"n gf/fsf ;fy ePsf] sfo{qmddf af] Ng] jQmfx?n] :yfgLo:t/df b] lvPsf ljs[lt lj;+ultsf] e08fkmf] / ug'{sf ;fy} clxn] sf] lgsfon] hgtfnfO{ /fHo ePsf] dx;'; gu/fPsf] a? htftt} dx+uL, ljs[lt, lj;+ult / hgtfnfO{ rsf] { s/ yf] k/] sfn] To;sf] ljsNkdf j} 1flgs ;dfhjfbL Joj:yf cfjZos /x] sf] / To;n] dfq hgtfnfO{ Gofo, ;dfgtf, ;'/ Iff / ;] jf lbg ;Sg] atfPsf lyP .

cleefjs e]nf ;DkGg o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf ndxL, # a}zfv . ndxL gu/kflnsf j8f g+= % l:yt lvdaxfb'/ zfx dflj sf] nxLdf Ps sfo{qmd cfof] hgf u/L cleefjs e] nf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . ljJo;sf cWoIf ltnsaxfb'/ s] ;Lsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{sddf kd'v cltly j8fWoIf jLdaxfb'/ s] ;L, ljlzi6 cltly lzIfs–cleefjs ;+3sf cWoIf l8naxfb'/ >] i7nufotn] af] Ng' ePsf]

lyof] . sfo{sddf ljBfnosf n] vfkfn nId0f ;'j] bLn] jflif{s kltj] bg k:t't ug{'ePsf] lyof] . ;f] cj;/df ;/;kmfO, cg'zf;g, 3} +6fkmf] / nufot sfo{qmdx? ul/Psf] lyof] . e] nfn] ljljw ljifodf 5nkmn u/L s] xL dxTjk"0f{ lg0f{o u/] sf] 5 . ljBfnosf kc /fdk;fb vgfnsf] :jfut dGtJoaf6 z'? sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng bLk] Gb a:g] tn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

…d'g:6f/Ú nfO{ elnjnsf] pkflw o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf Ko'7fg, # a}zfv . nfª\3fnL o'jf Snjåf/f cfof] lht lhNnf:t/Lo elnan kltof] lutfsf] pkflw vjfªsf] d'g:6f/ o'jf Snjn] lht] sf] 5 . Ko'7fgsf] df08jL ufp“kflnsf–# cfkrf} / l:yt elnan sf] 6{df ;DkGg v] ndf pkflw;“u} d'g:6f/n] gub !% xhf/ ?k} of“ kfKt u/] sf] 5 . pkljh] tf /f] Nkf o'jf Snj /f] Nkfn] gub !) xhf/ ?k} of“df lrQ

a'emfPsf] 5 . gof“ jif{ @)&% sf] cj;/df cfof] lht elnjn kltof] lutfdf /f] Nkfs} rt'e{'h o'jf Snjn] t] ;f] :yfg xfl;n ub} { kf“r xhf/ gub kfKt u/] sf] 5 . gof“ jif{sf] cj;/df oxf“ ;f+: s[lts sfo{qmd;d] t cfof] hgf ul/Psf] lyof] . nf] s tyf bf] xf] / L ufos tyf uflosf e"ldsf lu/L / lszg ufx du/n] k:t'lt lbPsf] sfo{qmd ;+of] hs cf] lj/fd Ujfª du/n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

sd{rf/L cfjZostf

sd{rf/L cfjZostf

o; S.B.W.I. sf] zfvf sfof{no 3f]/fxL bfªnfO{ s]xL sd{rf/L cfjZos k/]sf] x'Fbf of]Uo g]kfnL gful/sx?n] t'?Gt ;Dks{ /fVg'xf]nf . k'?if M % hgf dlxnf M & hgf of]Uotf M SEE±@ tnj M sfof{nosf] lgodfg';f/ .

o; z'e keft df=lj= 3f] / fxL bfªnfO{ tkl;n adf] lhdsf] sd{rf/L cfjZos k/] sf] n] cfjZos sfuhft;lxt lgj] bg lbg cfx\jfg ul/G5 . !_ kb M sfof{no ;xof]uL -cfof_ -@_ ;+Vof M ! #_ ;f]t M cfGtl/s $_ z}lIfs of]Uotf M ;fwf/0f n]vk9 %_ lgj]bg lbg] clGtd ldlt M @)&%.)!.!) ^_ ;Dks{ ldlt M @)&%.)!.!! ut] ;Dks{ M (*$&*%&*@%, (*$&*#!#$(

;Dks{ M

S.B.W.I.

sf] sfof{no

d]g/f]8 s[lif ljsf; a}+ssf] glhs df]= (*^*(&##*(, (*!@*)^^((

xflb{s z'esfdgf gof“ jif{ @)&% sf] kfjg cj;/df ;Dk"0f{ z]o/wgL, artstf{ tyf z'elrGtsx?df ;'v, zflGt, ;d[l4, bL3f{o' tyf pQ/f]Q/ kultsf] xflb{s d+undo z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f} + . emljGbk;fb cfrfo{ cWoIf

Pj+ sf];]nL art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= kl/jf/ ndxL g=kf=–% b]pv'/L, bfª

;Dks{sf nflu

;dfrf/

>L z'e keft dfWolds ljBfno gofF ahf/ 3f]/fxL, bfª

gf]6 M sIff lzz'b]lv sIff ( ;Dd egf{ v'n]sf] hfgsf/L u/fOG5 .

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www.nayayougbodh.com

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Website Construction

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