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af“s] , @% ;fpg . g] kfnu~hsf] k'iknfnrf] s glhssf] Ps xf] 6naf6 j8f kx/L sfof{no g] kfnu~hsf] 6f] nLn] 5fkf df/] / b'O{ hf] 8LnfO{ lgoGq0fdf lnof] . xf] 6nsf] sf] 7f gDa/ #)! df b'O{ hf] 8L dlb/fdf d:t lyP . #)! ;“u} pgLx?n] @)@ gDa/ sf] 7f klg a's u/] sf lyP . j8f kx/Lsf O~rfh{ gf/fo0f 8f“uLn] 5fkf df/] / pgLx?nfO{ NofP . /flt !@ ah] j8f kx/L sfof{nodf NofP/ /flvof] . Ps df] 6/;fOsn sDkgLsf] zf] ?ddf sfd ug] { JolQm lyP, pgLx? . la/f6gu/af6 g] kfnu~h cfPsf] a] nfdf …/dfOnf] Ú ug{ xf] 6ndf k'u] sf lyP . tL JolQmn] j8fdf Nofp“bf g} …OHht arfOlbg'k¥of] , s] s] ;xof] u ug'{k5{ u5f} {+Ú eGb} /f] Os/fO{ ul//x] sf lyP . kx/L lg/LIfs 8f“uLn] pgsf] s'/ f ;'g] gg\ . /, ef] lnkN6 lhNnf kx/L sfof{nodf k7fOlbP . s] 6Lx? alb{ofsf x'g\ . g] kfnu~hd} a;] / wGbf ;~rfng ug] { u/] sf] ;f] tn] atfof] . !@ xhf/ ?k} of“df Tof] lbg a's ePsf lyP . lhksfn] pgLx?nfO{ sf/jfxL gu/L 5f] l8lbof] . lhksfn] PsfpG6] g ;fÚksf] OHht arfOlbof] . lhksfn] sf/jfxL g} gu/L 5f] 8\g' lyof] eg] j8fn] lsg lgGbf kmfn] / /ftla/ftdf xf] 6ndf 5fkf df/] / kqmfp u¥of] < olta] nf g] kfnu~hdf rrf{sf] ljifo ag] sf] 5 . lhksfn] rf/} hgfnfO{ cleefjssf] lhDdf nufP/ k7fOlbPsf] 5 . dfgj a] rlavg tyf cf] ;f/k;f/ sfo{ lgoGq0f P] g @)^$

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k"/ } cf“vf lrlDnG5, wGbfjfnfsf] a'emfO x'g] u/] sf] 5 . ;xdltdf hfg] / k} ;fdf s'/ f gldn] kl5 anfTsf/sf] cf/f] k nufP/ kx/Ldf uPsfsf] xsdf dfq} sf/jfxL ePsf 5g\ . kl5Nnf lbgdf ef/tLo zx/af6 klg g] kfnu~hdf …d:tLÚ ug{ cfpg] u/] sf 5g\ . oL k} ;fjfnsf] /f] hfO eg] 7"nf xf] 6n g} x'G5g\ . xf] 6nx?n] klg k"/ f gfd, 7] ufgf;lxt OG6«L ub} {gg\ . pNn] lvt b'O{ hf] 8Lsf] xsdf klg gfd, 7] ufgf k"/ f n] lvPsf] lyPg . OG6«Ldf df] 6/;fOsn sDkgLsf] gfdsf] k5f8L ;/ nufOPsf] lyof] . nfu"cf} ifwdf abgfd ePsf] g] kfnu~h zx/df df} nfp“bf] a] Zofa[lQn] cem abgfd u/fO/x] sf] ;Da4x? atfp“5g\ .

/fli6«o hgdf]rf{sf] cleofg b]pv'/Ldf q lzj/fh kGyL u9jf, @% ;fpg . /fli6«o hgdf] rf{ bfª b] pv'/ Ln] ljut s] xL lbg cufl8b] lv bfªsf] b] pv'/ Ldf ;b:otf ljt/0f / ;+u7g lgdf{0fsf] cleofgnfO{ tLa kf/] sf] lhNnf cWoIf u0f] z cfrfo{n] hfgsf/L lbg'ePsf] 5 . h;cg';f/ ndxL gu/kflnsf, /fKtL ufp“kflnsf, /fhk'/ ufp“kflnsf / u9jf ufp“kflnsfsf ljleGg j8fx?df 3/b} nf] ub} { ;b:otf ljt/0f tyf gjLs/0f / ;+u7g lgdf{0f / k'g {u7g cleofg ;~rfng u/] sf] lhNnf ;Nnfxsf/ u'0flglw zdf{n] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . cleofgsf] qmddf b] pv'/ Ldf rf/ xhf/ a9L ;b:otf ljt/0f ul/Psf] atfOPsf] 5 . o;} qmddf u9jf ufp“kflnsf j8f g+= &

u'0f:t/Lo kfgL / e/kbf{] ;]jf uf} td hn;]jf t'n;Lk'/ ;Dks{ M v'lj/fd kf} 8]n (*%&*#)($$, )*@–%@@&&*

3f]/fxL ;Dks{ M lvdaxfb'/ b]jsf]6f

(*$&*@)@#&, )*@–%^)@!$

sf] e] nf xfn} ;DkGg ePsf] 5. /fhdf] u9jf ufp“kflnsfsf cWoIf slknb] j vgfnsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] e] nfdf clvn g] kfn ls;fg dxf;+3sf s] GbLo ;b:o k] dgf/fo0f cfrfo{, /fhdf] bfªsf ;Nnfxsf/ u'0flglw zdf{, /lQmd cleofgsf dxf;lrj gf/fo0f of] uL, /fhdf] u9jfsf O~rfh{ bLgdl0f cfrfo{, /fhdf] u9jf j8f g+= ^ sf cWoIf v'dfgGb kf] v] n, ls;fg dxf;+3 u9jf–^ sf ;lrj Clif/fd kGyL, ;dfh;] jL n] v/fh l3ld/] nufotn] af] Ng' ePsf] lyof] . e] nfn] lxdfn lassf] cWoIftfdf gf} ;b:oLo /fhdf] u9jf–& sf] j8f sld6L u7g u/] sf] atfOPsf] 5 . h;sf] pkfWoIf tLy{/ fd

rf} w/L, sf] iffWoIf s[i0ff rf} w/L, ;lrj ;'zLnf rf} w/L / ;b:ox?df k"0f{axfb'/ ljs, dgaxfb'/ las, t] h axfb'/ las, jL/axfb'/ las / v'daxfb'/ g] kfnL /xg'ePsf] /fhdf] u9jfn] hgfPsf] 5 . ;Nnfxsf/df Clif/fd kGyL, hubLz rf} w/L, n] v/fh l3ld/] , s] zdfof ljs / zf/bf rf} w/L /xg'ePsf] 5 . o;} u/L /fli6«o hgdf] rf{ u9jf ufp“kflnsf j8f g+= ! sf] klzIf0f tyf e] nf a'wjf/ a8x/fdf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . gj/fh zdf{sf] cWoIftf / /fli6«o hgdf] rf bfªsf cWoIf u0f] z cfrfo{sf] kd'v cfltYotfdf ePsf] e] nfdf /fhdf] u9jfsf cWoIf slknb] j vgfn, ;lrj 6'sdfg s'“j/, ls;fg g] tf k] dgf/fo0f cfrfo{, lzIfs cf] daxfb'/ du/, clvn ef/t

g] kfnL Pstf ;dfhsf s[i0f v8\sfnufotn] af] Ng' ePsf] lyof] . e] nfn] e/t/fh clwsf/Lsf] cWoIftfdf !% ;b:oLo /fli6«o hgdf] rf{ u9jf ufp“kflnsf j8f g+= ! sf] j8f sld6L u7g u/] sf] 5 . h;sf] pkfWoIfdf d'lQmk;fb kf} 8] n, ;lrj bf] 0f e6\6/fO{, sf] iffWoIf kljqf lh;L, ;x;lrj 6f] kf/fd zdf{ / ;b:ox?df 6] s/fh vgfn, dfgaxfb'/ yf? s'dfn, z] / axfb'/ clwsf/L, hd'gf e08f/L, rGbsnf g] kfnL, s0f{axfb'/ yfkf, dbg yfkf, xl/ yf? s'dfn / /fhs'df/ of] uL /xg'ePsf] 5 . j8f sld6Lsf] ;Nnfxsf/df gj/fh zdf{, s0f{ axfb'/ 3tL{, tf/f vgfn, s] zj wtL{, /fdaxfb'/ 3tL{ / s] z/axfb'/ s] ;L /xg' ePsf] 5 .

z'4 kfgL rflxPdf

^%)) ln6/sf] rf/j6f kfgL 6\ofª\s/ ca t'n;Lk'/df

z'4 kfgL rflxPdf

z'esfdgf jf6/ ;Knfo;{

lkpg] / 3/ lgdf{0fsf nflu 7"nf] 6\of+s/ ePsf], 3f]/fxLsf] k'/fgf] jf6/ ;Knfo;{nfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ . ;Dks{ :yfgM )*@–%^$%$&, (*^^(!))))

3f]/fxL–!% /tgk'/ bfª -k'/fgf] z'esfdgf O§f pBf]u_

nfld5fg] hn ;]jf

lkpg] / 3/ lgdf{0fsf nflu 7"nf] 6\of+s/ ePsf] , #%) lkm6 ulx/fOaf6 af]l/ª ul/Psf] z'4 lkpg] kfgL pknAw 5 .

;Dks{ :yfgM )*@–%@@$&& df] = (*%&*@#$(*, (*)!#@^((*

t'n;Lk'/–^ /hf} /f, bfª

e08f/L jf6/ ;Knfo;{

lkpg] / 3/ lgdf{0fsf nflu 7"nf] 6\of+s/ ePsf], #)) lkm6 ulx/fOaf6 af]l/ª ul/Psf] z'4 lkpg] kfgL pknAw 5 . ;Dks{ :yfgM )*@–%^##(#, (*!***%(&# 3f]/fxL–* -gofF a;kfs{b]lv klZrd_ bfª

cfhsf] /fzLkmn nIdLwf/f Hof]ltif s]Gb @)&%.)$.@^ ut] zlgjf/ >fj0f s[i0fkIf, ltly cf}+zL, gIfqM Zn]zf cfh bfªsf] ;"of]{bo )%M$&M)$, ;"of{:t ^M%(M)$

Hof]= k+= 8f= e'jg]Zj/ a~hf8] ;b:o– g]kfn Hof]ltif kl/ifb\ df]afOn M (*$&*$!@%!

d]if -r",r] ,rf] ,nf,nL,n",n] ,nf] ,c_M ;Gtfg Pj+ hLjg ;fyL;Fu cflTdotf a9\g]5 . wg kflKt x'g ;Sg]5 . g;f]r]sf] sfd ;kmn x'g ;Sg]5 . w}o{tfsf] vfFrf] /xg]5 .

t'nf -/f,/L,?,/],/f] ,tf,tL,t",t] _M dftflktfsf] ;]jf ugf{n] cfhsf clgi6 gfz x'g ;Sg]5g\ . cGoyf ug{] ;fg{] xg'dfg dfg kfpg] u'gf x'g ;Sg]5 .

j[if -O{,pm,P,cf] ,jf,lj,j",j] ,jf] _M aGw'ju{n] ;fy ;xof]u ug{]5g\ . Joj;foaf6 /fdf] d'gfkmf x'g]5 . gofF sfd ;'? ug{] ;do 5 . /f]lsPsf sfd k'gM ;'rf? x'g]5 .

j[lZrs -tf] ,gf,gL,g",g] ,gf] ,of,oL,o"_M lautsf >dsf] /fdf] kltkmn kfKt x'g]5 . tkfOFn] u/]sf sfo{n] w]/}nfO{ /fdf] kmfObf k'Ug ;Sg]5 . Ps kGy b'O sfh x'g ;Sg]5 .

ldy'g -sf,sL,s",3,ª,5,s] ,sf] ,x_M u/]sf sfo{x?af6 nfe x'g]5 . k'/fgf] /sd kfKt x'g ;Sg]5 . :yfgfGt/ Pj+ k]zf kl/jt{gsf] ?lr hfUg]5 . lzIffdf kult x'g]5 .

wg' -o] ,of] ,ef,eL,e",w,kmf,9f,e] _M cfkm\gf] :jf:Yosf] /fdf] Vofn /fVg'xf];\ . 6f9fsf] ofqf gug'{xf]fnf . afxgsf] PlS;n]6/ sd} /fVg'xf]; tgfj / 3f6f a[l4 x'g]5 .

ss{6 -xL,x",x] ,xf] ,8f,8L,8",8] ,8f] _M cfh tkfOFsf] lg0f{o Ifdtfdf xf; cfpg]5 . cfly{s kIf s]xL sdhf]/ /xg]5 . pTtfpnf]kgf a9\g ;Sg]5 . cWoogdf afwf x'g]5 .

ds/ -ef] ,hf,hL,h",h] ,hf] ,vf,vL,v",v] ,vf] ,uf,uL_M 3/fo;L ;d:ofx? xn x'g]5g\ . Jofj;flos ofqf Pj+ ljjflxt ljifosf sf/0f lg0f{odf låljwf cfpg ;Sg]5 . s'De -u",u] ,uf] ,;,;L,;',;] ,;f] ,b_M ;+3if{ / kltikwf{df lbgrof{ Joltt x'g]5 . cWoogdf dg l6Sg]5}g . bfDkTodf s6'tf Pj+ cfly{s ;+s6 cfpg ;Sg]5 .

l;+x -df,dL,d",d] ,df],6f,6L,6",6] _M lgoldt vr{ a[l4 x'g ;Sg]5 . sfddf afwf c8\rg cfpg ;Sg]5 . hf]; hfFu/ 36\g]5 . 6f9fsf] ofqf kmnbfoL b]lvb}g .

sGof -6f] ,k,kL,k",if,0f,7,k],kf] _M af}l4s If]qdf /fdf] dLg -bL,b",y,em,~f,b] ,bf] ,rf,rL_M a'l4sf pkof]un] kult x'g]5 . s[lif e"ldsf] If]q kmnbfoL /xg]5 . ;fdflhs nIo klxNofpg ;lsg]5 . cfTdandf xf; cfpg If]q cg's"n /xg]5 . dgf]jn pRr x'g]5 . ;Sg]5 . ;[hglzn sfo{df h'6\bf kmfObf x'g ;Sg]5 . * gd:t] z'e laxfgL oxf“x?sf] lbgrof{ ;'vb\ /xf];\. * /fhf ;Ggt'sf] bf];f] ljjfx s]j6'/fh dfemL k'qL ;TojtLsf] ;fydf ePsf] lyof] .

sfnLdf6Ldf ;8s / 6] lnkmf] g cj?4 o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf ;Nofg, @% ;fpg . klZrd ;Nofgsf] sfnLdf6L ufp“kflnsfdf ;8s tyf 6] lnkmf] g ;] jf aGb ePsf] 5 . g] kfn 6] lnsdsf] gd:t] kmf] g ;] jfn] dfq} sfd ug{] sfnLdf6Ldf b'O{ dlxgfb] lv ;] jf cj?4 5 . ;fy} ;b/d'sfd / l5d] sL lhNnf bfª hf] 8\g] ;8sx? ;d] t aGb ePkl5 ufp“kflnsfsf] aflx/L ;Dks{ 6'6] sf] 5 . oftfoft ;] jf tyf ;~rf/ ;] jf aGb ePkl5 o; If] qsf afl;Gbf kefljt ePsf] :yfgLo s'nk;fb e08f/Ln] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . …ufp“kflnsfdf gd:t] afx] s c? 6] lnkmf] gn] sfd ub} {g ToxL gd:t] klg b'O{ dlxgfb] lv lgoldt 5} g o;n] ;d:of kf/] sf] 5Ú– e08f/Ln] eGg'eof] – …nuftf/sf] jiff{n] ;b/d'sfd hf] 8\g] ;8s tyf bfªb] lv ;'v] {t ;8s klg aGb 5 .Ú 6] lnkmf] gsf] ;d:ofaf/] af/Daf/ g] kfn 6] lnsdnfO{ hfgsf/L u/fp“bf klg ;'g'jfO gePsf] sfnLdf6L ufp“kflnsfsf cWoIf bfgaxfb'/ s] ;Ln] atfpg'eof] . sfnLdf6L ufp“kflnsfsf Ps gDa/ j8f

3f] / fxL, @% ;fpg . hgkltlglw, sd{rf/L / dfgjclwsf/ lgu/fgL ;d"xsf ;b:ox?sf] Ifdtf clea[l4sf nflu z'? ePsf] b'O{lbg] cled'vLs/0f sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . laxLjf/ / z'qmjf/ ;~rfng ePsf] cled'vLs/0fdf g] kfnsf] ;+ljwfg, df} lns xs, dfgjclwsf/sf] cjwf/0ff, OG;] s cleofg, cfly{s, ;fdflhs, ;f+: s[lts clwsf/sf ljifodf hfgsf/L u/fOPsf] lyof] . 3 f ] / f x L pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= #, $, ^ / & sf j8fWoIf, ;b:ox?,

o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf 3f] / fxL, @% ;fpg . 3f] / fxL–!% /tgk'/ l:yt u'?s'n Ps] 8dLdf ca nfu"cf} ifwlj?4 kf7\oqmd cWofkg x'g] ePsf] 5 . ljBfnon] z'qmjf/b] lv g} nfu"cf} ifwlj?4 k7gkf7g z'?

sd{rf/L / dfgjclwsf/ lgu/fgL ;d"xsf ;b:o u/L @) hgfsf] ;xeflutf /x] sf] cled'vLs/0fsf] ;xhLs/0f lhNnf GofofwLz x] dGt /fjn, clwsf/sdL{x? ljls/0f uf} td, s] zjs'df/ zdf{, ljgf] b s] ;Ln] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . cgf} krfl/s If] q ;] jf s] Gb -OG;] s_ åf/f ;~rflnt :yfgLo ;d'bfonfO{ ;r] t kfb} {, lhDd] jf/ lgsfonfO{ hjfkmb] xL agfpg] OPnkL sfo{qmdcGtu{t ;~rfng ul/Psf] cled'vLs/0fdf sfo{qmdsf] p2] Zo / ljifoj:t'af/] OG;] s g] kfnu~hsf sfo{qmd kmf] sn k;{g ;/:jtL dNnn] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

;fd'bflos jg lbj; dgfOof] b] pv/L, @% ;fpg -o';_– rf} yf] ;fd'bflos jg lbj;sf] cj;/df ;fd'bflos jg pkef] Qmf dxf;+3 ndxL gu/:t/Lo sfo{qmd ;tal/ofdf ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . ;fd'bflos jgsf] klxrfg ;+3Lotfdf ;d[l4sf] cleofg eGg] gf/fsf ;fy sfo{qmd ePsf] xf] . dxf;+3sL ndxL gu/ cWoIf nIdL of] uLsf] cWoIftf tyf ndxL gu/kflnsf j8f g+= * sf cWoIf d] 3gf/fo0f rf} w/Lsf] kd'v cfltYotfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf ndxL gu/kflnsf:t/sf ;fd'bflos jgsf] ;+/ If0f

afx] s ;a} 5 j8fdf clxn] 6] lnkmf] g ;] jf cj?4 ePsf] cWoIf s] ;Ln] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . …6fj/df v/faL cfPsf] s'/ f lnlvt?kd} 6] lnsdnfO{ hfgsf/L u/fP klg ;'g'jfO gePkl5 dGqfno;Dd klg k'Uof} + . t/ ;'g'jfO{ ePgÚ– cWoIf s] ;Ln] eGg'eof] . nuftf/sf] jiff{n] ;8s cj?4 ePsf] df To;nfO{ v'nfpg kxn eO/x] sf] cWoIf s] ;Lsf] egfO 5 . pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …;8s v'nfpg] kof; eO/x] sf] 5, nuftf/ clj/n jiff{ eO/x] sf] 5 .Ú o;} u/L oftfoftsf ;fwg ;~rfng x'g g;s] kl5 k;"lt u/fpg :jf:Yo rf} sLdf af] s] / n} hfg'kg] { afWotf /x] sf] :yfgLo knaxfb'/ s] ;Ln] atfpg'eof] . …oftoftsf ;fwg ;~rfng 5} gg\ k;"lt u/fpg dlxnfnfO{ 306f} + lx“8] / :jf:Yorf} sLdf n} hfg'kg] { afWotf 5Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] . :jf:Yo rf} sLdf pkrf/ x'g g;s] sf la/fdLnfO{ pkrf/sf nflu bfªsf] aufn] ;Dd !% lsnf] ld6/ af] s] / k'¥ofpg'kg] { afWotf /x] sf] s] ;Lsf] egfO 5 .

u'?s'ndf nfu"cf} ifwlj?4 cWofkg z'?

dfgjclwsf/;DjGwL cled'vLs/0f o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf

ug'{kg] { ts{ /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf ndxL gu/sf] sfo{kflnsf ;b:o /fwf s] ;L, j8f g+= & sf ;b:o s'njxfb'/ a'9f, g/] Gbaxfb'/ yfkfnufotn] dGtJo JoQm ug'{ePsf] lyof] . tf/fk;fb vgfnsf] :jfut dGtJoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/0f cd/ s'“j/n] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . prflgDa' ;fd'bflos jg pkef] Qmf ;ldltsf] cfly{s ;xof] u / ndxL gu/kfnLsf:t/Lo ;fd'bflos jg pkef] Qmf dxf;+3sf] cfof] hgfdf sfo{qmd ePsf] xf] .

egf{ v'Nof] † egf{ v'Nof] † egf{ v'Nof] † † k"jf{~rn ljZjljBfnoaf6 ;DaGwg kfKt o; e] / L gl;{ª sn] h g] kfnu~hdf z} lIfs ;q @)&%÷)&^ sf nflu :gfts tx tLg jif] { Post Basic Bachelor of Nursing Science (PBNS) / rf/ jif] { Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) sf] z} lIfs sfo{qmdx?df gofF ljBfyL{ egf{sf nflu kj] z k/LIff cfj] bg kmf/fd v'n] sf] hfgsf/L u/fOG5 . z}lIfs of]Uotf M l Post Basic bachelor of Nursing Science (PBNS) sf nflu Staff Nurse pQL0f{ u/L ! jif{sf] sfo{ cg'ej . l Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) sf nflu +2 (Bio) df %)Ü NofO{ pQL0f{ jf C+ Grade kfKt u/]sf] . cfj]bg kmf/fd eg]{ clGtd ldlt M @)&% efb !# ut];Dd / bf]Aa/ b:t'/ @)&% efb @) ut];Dd ;Dks{ M e]/L gl;{ª sn]h kf=ln= a]nf;k'/–!@ g]kfnu~h afFs], kmf]g= )*!–$!%##(, $!%)($, (*$**!^$))

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cf]tx'Fb} ;8s af6f] ag]sf] eP klg jiff{tsf] ;dodf oftfoftsf ;fwg rNg ;Sb}gg\ . sk'/ sf]6–em\ofd ;8s lgdf{0f ePdf lgs} 5f]6f] b"/ Ldf bfª k'Ug] ;Defjgf 5 . ufp“kflnsf eG5– e08f/ 0fsf] ;d:of rfF8} x6\5 o;}aLr u+ufb]j ufpFkflnsfsf cWoIf jL/ axfb'/ vqLn] :ofpsf] e08f/ 0fsf nflu

8fFuL, cf]nL, vqLnufot If]qL hfltsf] afx'Notf / x]sf] of] ufpFsf afl;Gbfn] o'4sfndf ;/ sf/ L kIfaf6 7"nf] Hofblt ef]u]sf lyP . / f]Nkfn] dlgdf/ ]h:tf] kmnkm"n tyf t/ sf/ L pTkfbgdf ks]6 If]q dflgg] / / fhgLlts Oltxf;sf b[li6n] klg dxTjk"0f{ / x]sf] P]ltxfl;s tyf s[lif ko{6gsf] ;Defjgf af]s]sf] ufpF st} pk]Iffdf kb}{ uPsf] xf] ls eGg] :yfgLosf] u'gf;f] 5 .

cfjZos kxn yfNg] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . pxfFn] olt dxTjk"0f{ sfddf ;/ sf/ sf] Wofg hfg g;s]sf] :jLsf/ ub}{ :yfgLo ;/ sf/ n] ;xof]uL ;+:yf vf]h]/ lhgfafªdf sf]N8:6f]/ sf] Aoj:yf ug]{ atfpg'eof] . To;f] t pxfFn] / f]Nkf v08df ;8ssf] ;d:of gePsf] klg atfpg'eof] . …xfdLn] / f]Nkf v08df s'g} ;d:of gcfcf];\ eg]/ ufpFkflnsfaf6} 8f]h/ lsg]/ jiff{ofddf tof/ L cj:yfdf / fv]sf 5f}+Ú– pxfFn] eGg'eof]– …ptf ;Nofg v08af6 uf8L kf; gx'g] l:ylt cfPkl5 ;d:of ePsf] xf], xfdL / f]Nkfdf ;d:of x'g lbg]5}gf}+ .Ú o'4 ko{6gsf] uGtJo dlgdf/ ]

oftfoftsf] c;'ljwf g} oxfFsf] d'Vo ;d:of xf] . lhNnfn] ;d]t yfxf kfpg g;s]sf] lhgfafª / fli6«o:t/ sf] k|rf/ k|;f/ sf] kvf{Odf 5 . @)^) ;fnsf] o'4lj/ fdsf] ;dodf dfcf]jfbL hgd'lQm ;]gfsf] l8lehg 3f]if0ff sfo{qmddf dlgdf/ ]df ;/ sf/ L ;]gfn] xjfO xdnf u/ ]kl5 tTsfnLg l8lehg sdf08/ lsdaxfb'/ yfkf …;'lgnÚ ;lxt of]4fx?sf] Hofg uPsf] lyof] . Tof] 7fpFdf clxn] jgef]h:yn agfOPsf] 5 . Tolta]nf of] ufpFdf ;/ sf/ L ;]gfn] cfuf] nufP/ ufpF k"/ } hnfOlbPsf] lyof] . k|fs[lts ;Dkbfn] el/ k"0f{ lhgfafªdf s[lif / o'4 ko{6gsf nflu 7"nf] ;+efjgf 5 . q

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Saturday 11 Aug., 2018

www.saugat.nayayougbodh.com

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xts8L lsg af]]sL xf]nf p;nfO{ yfxf ePg . pm 5Ss k/]sf] b]v]/ cfozf xfF;]sL lyO{ / xts8L k/lt/ kG5fP/ uf]/L d}ofFnfO{ eg]sL lyO{, …g6 cnfp8 ÛÚ nltkmn] 8\o6' L kl5 kms{b} ubf{ Po/kf]6{ …OlSh6 u]6Ú df ;f]w]sf] lyof], xts8L lsg af]sL xf]nf Tof] ;'Gb/L afnfn] <Ú d}n] p;nfO{ atfOlbPF, a}+zsf] r/df]Tsif{ cg'e"lt cg'ej ug{] Ps ;fwg af/] . pm yf]/} xfF:of], / tfnL k6\sfpFb} eGof], …cR5f Û o] …p;s]Ú lnP x} . To;kl5 p;n] k]m/L cfozfsf s'/f u/]sf] lyof] . …o" cnj]h 6s cafp6 cfozf Û kmlnª Og nj ljb c/ xF c=== ÛÛÚ ?8f]Nkmf] lhl:sPsf] lyof] / nltkmn] d':sfpFb} eg]sf] lyof] dnfO{ …Sof af]ntf x} of/ o] <Ú lll cn jfbf ;lkª dn cufl8sf] xl/of] rf}/df 8]6 ldNs z]s h'; / lqmd /f]n vfFb} u/]sf] nltkm / p;sf b'O{ ;fyLnfO{ e]6]+, ljxLjf/ ;fFem . ;fyLx?nfO{ klg p;n] cfozfsf] ;'Gb/tfsf] aofg ;'gfpFb} /x]5 . …d} cldt j]+s6]zgd\ .Ú ;kf6 lxGbLdf af]n]sf] lyof] p;sf] ;fyL . …ltd|f] njh t t]nu" h:tf] 5}g t . o;nfO{ t af]Ng} cfpFb}g .Ú nltkmlt/ O{zf/f u/L ;f]w]sf] lyPF d}n] cldtnfO{ . …d nfdf] ;do lbNnLdf a;], To;}n] .Ú 5f]6f] pQ/ lbof] clg nltkmlt/ x]/]/ eGof], …af]Nb}g eg]/ xf]nf ;fob, cfozf t lkmbf 5 t ÛÚ …sxfF /fhf ef]h cf}/ sxfF u+u" t]nL ÛÚ d]/f] egfO a'em]/ xf]nf cldt xfF:of] . c? b'O{hgf …Sof < Sof af]nf <Ú egL cy{ hfGg pT;'s eP . cldtn] cfˆg} efiffdf a'emfof] / klg a'em]g dd{ nltkmn] . …;fFRr} cfozfn] dnfO{ nj u5]{ .Ú p;n] elg/Xof] . ;fyLx?n] p;sf] sdfOsf] vfFb} /x]5g\, w]/} lh:SofPgg\ . d}n] d'v vf]n]/ g} elglbPF, …x]/ Û wgLx?n] zf}ssf nflu s's/' kfn]sf x'G5g\ . y/L y/Lsf s's/' . ;fgf 7"nf e'jfbf/ . z]km8{, n]a]8| /, clstf, a'N8f]u cflb cflb . DjfOF klg vfG5g\ . -o;f] eGbf nltkm d':sfPsf] lyof], cldt xfF;]sf] lyof], c? r'k nfu]sf lyP ._ dfof u/L af]nfpF5g\ . t/ lax] ub}{gg\ . s's/' nfO{ s's/' s} bhf{df /fV5g\ .Ú …p;f] eP xfdL ;a} s's/' xf}+ t <Ú of cNnfxf ÛÚ nltkmn] u'gf;f] kf]Vof] . …xfdL o; b]zsf cgful/s sfdbf/ xf}+ ;fyL .Ú d}n] p;nfO{ ;Demfpg] u/L eg]+, …dhfs d:s/f t l7s} xf], t/ l;l/o;nL xf] eg] ;fyL ;Deflng' g} l7s xf]nf .Ú ;fob cln s7f]/ zAb af]n]sf] lyPF d . x'g ;S5 d leqsf] lxgtfaf]wn] dnfO{ o:tf] ;f]Rg afWo kf/]sf] lyof] . To;}n] oL zAb d cfk}mnfO{ klg lyP . …xfdL of] d'n ' s ' sf dfG5] xf]Ogf}+ . xfdL k/b]zL xf}+ . ;:tf] >d a]Rg cfPsf ul/a n]a/ .Ú pd]/n] klRr; k'u]sf] nltkmsf] lbdfu eg] kfFr jif{sf] aRrf h:tf] nfUof] . d]/f] s'/f xfjfdf p8fpFb} cfk\mg} s'/f eGof], …gxLF cfozf P];f gxL . jf] cR5f n8sL x} . d} clEe p;sf] sn s/tf x} .Ú olQ eg]/ p;n] kmf]g klg 8fon ug{ yfNof] . kmf]gn] …:a:qmfOa/Ú Jo:t /x]sf] atfO/xFbf p;sf] cg'xf/ dlng b]lvof] . ;fyLx?n] p;nfO{ cfk\mgf] efiffdf kmf]g gug{ eg] . d}n] ljbf dfFu] . nltkmn] eGof], …t'd nf]u d'em;] hntf x} . p;sf cf}/ d]/f dhxa Ps x} .Ú …dhxa ldntf x} . n]lsg km/s …dgLÚ sf x} bf]:t . d'ns ' eL km/s x} .Ú d}n] p;nfO{ olQ dfq eGg ;s]+ . lll z'qmjf/sf] lbg n]l8h RofDa/df cfozf / ?xfgf lyOg . ?xfgf aflx/ lg:s]sf] a]nf cfozfn] nltkm cfP gcfPsf] af/] d;Fu ;f]wL . nltkmsf] ljbfsf] lbg k/]sfn]

gcfPsf] eg]kl5 p;n] d;Fu nltkmsf] kmf]g gDa/ dfFuL . d;Fu gDa/ lyPg . /fd'n;' Fu dfu]/ lbPF . dnfO{ nfUof], nltkmn] l7s eg]sf] /x] 5 . cfozf p;dfly …lkmbfÚ /lx5] Û z'qmjf/sf] To; ;fFem 8\o6' Laf6 n]a/ SofDk kms{b} ubf{ u]6df nltkmsf] ;fyL e]l6of] . …d} cldt Û Sof]+ e"n uof of/ <Ú d p;nfO{ gaf]nfO{ lxF8\b} ubf{ p;sf] af]nLn] dnfO{ cl8g afWo kf¥of] . …gxLF Û d}n] ltdLnfO{ b]lvg . clg nltkm sxfF 5 <Ú d}n] nltkms} af/]df ;f]w]+ . …So"F < Po/kf]6{ s};f x} < cfozf s'5 k'5 /xL yL <Ú p;n] l;l/o;nL ;f]w]sf] lyof] . …c/] jf] tf] lkmbf x} .Ú d}n] 77\of}nfdf kf/fdf yk]+, …af]ntL x}, nltkms] lagf lbn gxLF nutf .Ú …76\7f u/]sf] xf]Og d}n] . lxhf] nltkmn] kmf]g u/]/ cfO nj o" Dof8d ag]kl5 tgfj ePsf] 5 . cfozfn] 5f]8\g]jfnL 5}g o;nfO{ . kmf]gd} s:tf] ufnL lbFb} lyO{ ÛÚ p;n] 6fpsf] xNnfpFb} eGof], …nltkm tf] uof sfd ;] .Ú nltkm ;+s6df k/]sf] s'/fn] p;nfO{ w]/} b'MvL agfPh:tf] dnfO{ nfu]g . cfozfn] nltkmsf] kmf]g gDa/ dfUg'sf] sf/0f a'‰b} lyPF d . lll …n]l8h RofDa/Údf nltkm e'OF x]b]{ plePsf] lyof] . nfrf/ Û ljjz Û sfFt/ Û cUnf] 7"nf] Hofgsf] nltkm lk7\o' k5fl8 xft afFw]/ plePsf] lyof] . /, cfozf lrRofP/ eGb} lyO{– …OGtf lxdf/ < dflkm clsn < xfp b]o/ o" t' ;] ld cfO nkm o" <Ú …t]n ld of]/ ;'k/efOh;{ gDa/ . cfO jfGt t" tf]s t" lxd gfp Û OldlbPtnL .Ú d cjfs\ 9f]sf g]/ pleP/ ;'Gb} lyPF cfozfsf] cfqmf]z . /, cg'e"t ub}{ lyPF nltkmsf] kL8f . dnfO{ To;} plePsf] b]v]/ krf; lb/fdsf] gf]6 lbb} egL– …cfO jfGt sf]Nb lb|ª\s . t' sf]Nb :k/fOt .Ú …cfO ljn tld{g]t o" . b" o" gf] dfO kfj/ .Ú Ps k6s k]ml/ nltkmnfO{ wDSofO{ . …j]t j]t Û dnfO{ kv{g egL . …jf/]b Û Hofbf sf]Nb xF .Ú rf]/ cf}+nfn] r]tfjgLk"j{s eg]sL lyO{ . cfb]z lz/f]k/ u/L k/ k'l' u;Sbf klg cfozfsf] af]nL ;'Gb} lyPF d– …OT; gt of]/ sGqL . OT; dfO sGqL . OGtf dfn"d x' Pd cfO{ …jfb]g OGtf dfn"dÚ . 8]lkmg]tnL o' ljn gf] OtÚ.1 o; k6s pm nltkm;Fu lxGbL af]ln/x]sL lyOg . c/]las / c+u]h | Ldf lrRrofO/x]sL lyO{, wDSofO/x]sL lyO{ / p;nfO{ af/Daf/ cgful/s ePsf] cg'e"lt lbnfO/x]sL lyO{ . cGt/f{li6«o Po/kf]6{sf] …6ld{gn kmf]/Ú sf] 8\o6' L lk|m k;naf6 lr;f] :k|fO6 lnP/ kms{bf;Dd nltkm uO;s]sf] lyof] / cfozf kmf]g lyRb} a;]sL lyO{ . …lrN8 lr;f]Ú lyof] :k|fO6 Sofg . xftn] ;dft]/ lr;f]kg gfkL . …z'qmfg ÛÚ wGojfb lbO/xFbf klg p;sf] gh/ kmf]gsf] l:qmgdf g} lyP . afFsL k};f 6]an ' df /flv5f]8]/ k'mQ aflxl/b} lyPF ls k]m/L af]nfO{, …kmL ;'k/efOh;{ df]afOn gDa/ <Ú d}n] p;nfO{ d;Fu ePsf] ;'k/efOh/sf] gDa/ pknAw u/fPF . …OGtf nltkm x/fdL xF . xL u]a dL /ª gDa/ .Ú dnfO{ aflx/ hfFb} u/]sf] b]v]/ egL . …t]s lb; .Ú 6]an ' df /flvlbPsf] rfgr'g lb/fd dnfO{ alS;; lbP/ egL, …c ;e]{Gt z'b la Og lxh Kn]; ÛÚ clg k]m/L p;} u/L kmf]gsf] …ls Kof8Ú lyRg yfnL . dnfO{ eg] xTs]nfleqsf] k};fn] kf]Ng yfNof], dfgf}+ Tof] sfuh lyPg, /ftf] e'ª\uf| ] lyof] . lsrgaf6 c/]las skmLsf] rsf]{ uGy cfO/x]sf] lyof] . 5]pmsf] …k|] ?dÚdf eG;f/ ljefusf sd{rf/L k|fy{gf ul//x]sf lyP– lgwf/n] e'OF r'Db} cNnfx k'sfl//x]sf lyP . …kf/] Û 8" o" Xofj c dfOG8 xF <Ú bflxg] xftsf

kfFrj6} cf}+nf lkmhfP/ cfZro{ k|s6 ul//x]sf lyof] ?8f]Nkmf] nltkm;Fu . …;' xfbf Û cfO nj o" Dof8d xF ÛÚ /fd'n' ba]sf] xfF;f] xfF:of] . yfxf ePg, nltkmsf] kL8fdf xfF;]sf] lyof] pm of ?8f]Nkmf]sf] s6fIf ug]{ z}nLdf . …6]G;g gxLF n]g]sf hf] xf]uf b]vf hfPuf .Ú d}n] yf]/} e/f];f lbnfpg vf]h]+– …pgLx?n] tFnfO{ dfg]{ t kSs} 5}g . a9Ldf b]z lgsfnf unf{g\ . 3/} t k7fpnfg tnfO{ . dgsf] efjgf kf]v]sf] dfq gxf];\ . xft kft u/]sf] xf]Og;\ Sof/] Û tgfj lsg lnG5;\ < h] xf]nf xf]nf ca <Ú …OGtf z/f{km dflkm clsn ÛÚ k|] ?daf6 lg:sb} u/]sf] cAb'Nnfxn] eGof], …cfO s'b g]j/ ;] x/ PGb o" ;]b x/ cfO nkm o" .Ú yf]/} dhfs ub}{ cAb'Nnfxn] wDSofof], …gfp o" cf/ Og k|f]And dfO k|m}Gb .Ú …jflxb xlna hft/ jflxb af/]b dfxLÚ p;sf] cfb]z lyof] . /fd'nn ' ] lr;f] kfgL lk|mhaf6 lgsfn]/ lbof] . …xlna hft/ Og b u]t cf]s] .Ú b"w;lxtsf] hft/ lrof u]6df Nofpg] c8{/ lbP/ pm lsrgaf6 aflxl/of] . nltkmsf] cj;fbu|:t cg'xf/ b]v]/ bof nfUof] dnfO{ . …cR5f jfnf rfo lkt] x}+ . l7s x} Û d"8 k|}mz xf] hfPuf . o;kl5 d cfk}mn] lrof agfPF . b"w lrof . / ;'Sof{pg yfNof}+ d, nltkm / /fd'nn ' ] . lkmlnlkgLx?sf] :jfb skmLdf a;]sf] x'G5 . b"w lrofdf xf]Og . b"w lrof ;'Sof{pFb} lyof] nltkm . crfgs p;sf] kmf]g aHof] . lrofsf] sk xftaf6 k'mlTsPnf e}+m u/L xft sfFk]sf lyP p;sf . sk d]rdf a;fNof] . tfn' ;'s]sf] cfjfhn] af]Nof]– …x]nf] ÛÚ ptfaf6 p;s} efiffdf sf]xL af]Nb} lyof], l56f] l56f] cfjfhdf xKsfO/x]sf] yof] . 6fpsf] xNnfpFb} p;n] …cf]s]Ú eGof] / kmf]g …l8:sg]S6Ú u¥of] . …sn x]8 clkm; a'nfof x} .Ú cg'xf/ cFWof/f] agfP/ eGof] p;n] . …x' sN8 o" kf/] <Ú ?8f]Nkmf]n] ;f]Wof] . / cfk}mn] eGof], …;'k/efOh/ <Ú nltkmn] :jLs[ltdf 6fpsf] xNnfof] . …cf – hug ÛÚ d'v laufb}{ eGof] p;n], …ufGb" hug ÛÚ lll x]8 clkm; af]nfOPsf] nltkm kmls{Pg . n]a/ SofDkdf klg p;Fu e]6 ePg . a?, x]8 clkm;af6 Pl/of Dofg]h/ ;'Ntfg cfof] . cUnf] Hofg / …l:sg x]8Ú ePsf] ;'Ntfgn] xfdLn] sfd ug]{ 7fpFsf] cg'udg u¥of] . ;fdfgsf] ;'/Iffsf] cj:yf x]¥of] . /fd'ns ' f] O:6sf]6sf] v'Nn} /x]sf] Pp6f 6fFs nufOlbb} …cfO lyª\s of]/ ;]n]/L z'8 lj l88S6]8Ú egL wDSofof] . d]/f] …lSng z]eÚ gu/]sf] cg'xf/ x]/]/ bfx|L lsg gsf6]sf] egL ;f]Wof] . p;sf] kl5 kl5 ;Fu} cfPsf] Po/kf]6{ cWofudgsf] …d'lb/Ú ;Fu d]/f] af/]df s]xL s]/sf/ u¥of] . …jNnf h]g ÛÚ d'lb/n] ;'NtfgnfO{ eGof] / dnfO{ cx|fP/ uof], …6" SofKo'lrgf] ljb ;'u/ P08 la:s'O6\; ÛÚ xfdLx? o;/L g} vl6O{ /Xof}+ . /, la;{b} uof}+ Ps cgful/s k|]dLnfO{ . nltkmsf] Tof] sfnf] / d':sfgn] rlDsnf] b]lvg] d'xf/ klg la;{b} uof}+ . ?8f]Nkmf]nfO{ n]a/ SofDkleq /S;Lsf] cj}wflgs sf/f]af/ u/]sf]n] b]z lgsfnf ul/of] . cfozfsf] 6ld{gn kmf]/af6 6ld{gn …ly|Údf ;?jf eof] . slxn]sfxLF ToxfF klg d]/f] …8\o6' LÚ k5{ . p;nfO{ b]Vbf d hlxn] lg pxL cgful/s k|]dL nltkmnfO{ ;DemG5' / ;Fu} ;DemG5' p;sf] ljjz cg'xf/ / cfozfsf zAbx?– …OT; gt of]/ sGqL ÛÚ clg dgdg} uD5', …xf] t Û of] d]/f] b]z xf]Og ÛÛÚ

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bfªsf ;fwf/0f ;b:ox?sf] gfdfjnL ;d]t /flvPsf] 5 . -;+Vof Ps ;o %) /x]sf] 5 ._ cfn]vtkm{ dfS;{jfbL bz{gdf cd/ lu/L / kxnaxfb'/ 8fFuLsf b'O{j6f cfn]vx? 5g\ . cd/ lu/Lsf] cfn]vdf dfS;{jfbL Oltxf;, l;4fGt, r'gf}tL / n]vg k|lqmofnfO{ hf]8 lbOPsf] 5 eg] kxnaxfb'/sf] cfn]vdf dfS;{jfbL ;flxTosf] ;dfnf]rgfTds wf/0ff ;dfj]z ul/Psf] 5 . oL b'a} cfn]vx? bz{g;Fu ;DalGwt ePsfn] uxg 5g\ . PdkL bfxfnsf] cfn]vdf lgvf/tf kfOG5 eg] of] cfn]v lzIfs tyf ljBfyL{sf nflu lgs} pkof]uL 5 . ;x k|f= e/t/fh Gof}kfg]sf] jftfj/0fLo k|sf]k Go"gLs/0f Pj+ Aoj:yfkg zLif{ssf] cfn]v / ;x k|f=pbo/fh ;'j]bLsf] k'/f0f /x:o b'a} vf]hd"ns n]vx? x'g\ . Gof}kfg]n] k|s[lt / dfgj b'a}af6 k|sf]k x'g ;S5 / dfgjn] rfXof] eg] k|sf]knfO{ Go"gLs/0f ug{ ;S5 eGg] ;Gb]z lbg'ePsf] 5 eg] ;'j]bLn] /fdfo0f, dxfef/t / >Ldb\efujtnfO{ k'/f0fsf] ?kdf AofVof ug'{ePsf] 5 . o;df pxfFn] Clifx?sf] rrf{ ub{} j]bsf dGqnfO{ ;fu/ eGg] ;+1f lbg'ePsf] 5 . n]v nfdf] 5 . t/ j]b pklgifbaf/] hfGg rfxg]x?n] cWoog ug}{kg]{ vfnsf] 5 . ljsf; uf}tdn] cfkm\gf] n]v æg]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg @)&@ sf ljz]iftf / b]z lgdf{0fdf a'l4hLjLsf] e"ldsfÆ zLif{sdf !^ a'Fbfdf ;+ljwfgsf] ljz]iftfsf] rrf{ ug'{ ePsf] 5 . ;+ljwfgsf] ljz]iftfsf] rrf{ ub} ubf{ pxfFn] æzAbdf a'l4hLjLsf] of] jf Tof] sfdsf] cfjZostf b]zsf] nflu lgtfGt cfjZos 5 eg]/ pNn]v ug'{ eGbf klg g]kfnsf a'l4hLjLx?sf] AolQmut of]Uotf, Ifdtf / cg'ejnfO{ klxrfg u/L b]zsf] cfly{s, ;fdflhs pGgltsf] ?kfGt/0fdf pgLx?sf] ;+nUgtf :yflkt ug{ ;/sf/ ;~rfnssf lgsfox? nfUg clt h?/L 5Æ eGg'ePsf] 5 . ;'/fdl0f a]naf;]sf] ækf6L{ Pstfsf] ;fGble{stf / sfo{ef/Æ zLif{ssf] cfn]v 5 . o;df pxFfn] ækf6L{ Pstf x'g cfjZos 5 / kf6L{ Pstfkl5 xfd|f ljrf/ / kb afws aGg'xFb' }gÆ eGg] ;Gb]z lbg'ePsf] 5 . o:t} ;'bz{g l/hfnn] eljio pHHjn rfxg] xf] eg] lszf]/fj:yfdf nufgL nufP/ ;dfh ;'wf/ ug{ cfd a'l4hLjL nfUg'kb5{ eGb} vf]h tyf ;dfrf/d"ns n]v æ;'/lIft eljZo tyf lszf]/Ldf nufgLsf nflu a'l4hLjLsf] e"ldsfÆ zLif{s /x]sf] 5 . h;df ljleGg 36gf ljj/0fsf tYof+sx? 5g\ . n]v lgs} dfld{s nfU5 . o;}u/L o;df ;dfj]z P3f/f} cfn]v d]gsf kf]v]n | sf] /x]sf] 5 . pxfFn] ;+3if{zLn dlxnfx?sf] gn]lvPsf] Oltxf; zLif{ssf] hLjGt cfn]v n]Vg' ePsf] 5 . clxn];Dd gn]lvPsf] Oltxf; pxfFn] n]Vg'ePsf] 5 h'g bfªsf ;+3if{zLn dlxnfsf] ;Gbe{df n]lvPsf] 5 . cfn]v k9\b} hfFbf 5f]6f] ePsf] cg'e"lt x'G5 . zf]wstf{ ltgsf ;xof]uL / z'elrGtsx?nfO{ pmhf{ ldNg] u/L clDasfk|;fb 8fFuLn]

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ljZjs] Oltxf; x]gf{ xf] sn;] ha k[YaLs] pTklQ x'On 6a s/ f]8f}+ jif{ kf5 k[YjL h'/ 7G8f x'Ol6 cfOn . ha k[YjL h'/ x'Ol6 cfOn 6a;] lo k[YjL lo 96L{d ls/ fsfF6L, ;fd'lb|s lhj hGt's] cljisf/ x'Onfun . hn r/ peor/ hl;g hLj hGt's] cljisf/ x'Onfun ;do cf3 a9\6L cfOn . lhj hGt's] ljsf; x'Ol6 dfgj lhjgd kl/ 0ft x'Ol6 h+unL o'us] ;'?jf6 x'On xdf/ ;dfhs] cj:yf / x . ;do cf3 a9\6L u}n dfgj lhjg h+unL o'u;] ;'? x'On cflbd o'u;] ;'?jf6 x'Ons dfgj ;dfh ;+;f/ s] k|f0fL hflt dWo] ;Ss'g;] r]tglzn af}l4s k|f0fL dfgj ;dfh xf] . cfbLd o'u ;'?jf6 x'Ons xdf/ ;dfh bf; o'u, ;fdfGtL o'u, k"hLjfbL o'us] r/ 0fd clv; xd| cfk'unaf6L . xdf/ nIo cf] p2]Zo ;dfhjfbL o'u x'Ol6 ;fDojfbL Joj:yf;d k'Ugf nIo cf] p2]Zos] ;fy cf3 jx| kl/ sNkgf s/ naf6L . cflbd o'u;] ;'? x'Ons dfgj hLjg p o'ud h+und lzsf/ sgf{, ldns] a7\xf nu}gf cf] afF6s v}gf, em'08 em'08 ldns] a}7gf p ;dox km]g Ps vfns] ;fDojfbL o'u s}hfP . ha dg} axl6{ hfOnUn dg} cfkg cfkg clwsf/ vf]Hgf cj:yf x'Ol6 u}n . 6j;] / fHos] pTklQ km] x'On . dg} cfkg clwsf/ vf]Hgf qmd; zf;g Joj:yf cf] / fHo;+u ;+u pTklQ x'On . 6a;] / fhgLlts zf;g Joj:yfs] ;'?jf6 x'On cj:yf xf] . g]kfnL / fhgLlts zf;g Joj:yf rn}gfd ! ;o $ jif{ / f0ff zf;g rn}n sn;] @ ;o #* jif{ zfxf j+l;o e'/ ] 6fs'/ ] / fhf / hf}6fx'qm zf;g Joj:yf rn}l6 cOns cj:yf /x . pm ;dod Ps tlGqo zf;g Joj:yf / x . hxfF / fhgLlts :jtGqtf jfs :jtGqtf k|sfzg :jtGqtf hl;g dxTjk'0f{ lrhd k|ltjGw nufOn cj:yf / x . dfgj clwsf/ ;DjlGw xs hl;g lrhd km]g k|ltjGw nufOn cj:yf / x . !((& ;fnd …ds}s] v]lt k':tsÚ lnvn sf/ 0f;] ;'Ajf s[i0f nfn >]i7xg h]n hfOkn{g . cf]q s]n lgxf]v wd{eQm >]i7, u+ufnfn >]i7, bz/ y rGb| cf] z'qm/ fh >]i7xg

/ f0ff lj/ f]wL ultjLlwd nUns s}v x'qmlxg km] kmf;Ls] ;hfo 8]ns cj:yf / x . cl;g cj:yf x'Ons sf/ 0f;] lzlIft r]tglzn JolQmx'qm ;nanfO{ len{ cf] / fhgLlts bn vf]Ngf cj:yfd k'Un . @))$ ;fnd g]kfnL sfFu|]; cf] @))^ ;fnd g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{s] :yfkgf x'On . @))$ ;fnd / f0ff zf;gs] cGTo x'On . @))& ;fnd k|hftGqs] ;'?jf6 x'Ons xf] . k|hftGqs] ;'?jf6 kf5 g]kfnL / fhgLltd 9]/ ptf/ r9fj x'On . g]kfnL / fhgLltd d'Vo d'Vo cfGbf]ng x]gf{ xf] sn;] @)!% ;fns] cfd lgjf{rg @)!& ;fnd / Hjf cfkg xftd n]ns cj:yf, @)#^ ;fns] hgdt ;+u|x, @)$^ ;fns] hgcfGbf]ng cf] @)^@÷)^# s] g]kfnL hgqmflGt d'Vo cfGbf]ng / fhtGqxg kmfFss] nf]stflGqs u0ftGqs] :yfkgf sn{s P}ltxfl;s cfGbf]ng xf] . lo P]ltxfl;s cfGbf]ngxg ;kmn kgf{ sfd g]kfnL hgtgs] dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf afl6g . cflbd ;do;] ;'? x'Ons / fhgLlts Joj:yf cfem's PSsfO;f}+ ztflAbs] nf]stflGqs u0ftGqs] Joj:yf;d cfk'un xf] . nf]ssNof0fsf/ L / fHo Joj:yfxg ;+:yfut agfOs nfu cflDxg l9p/ sfd sgf{ afsL af . Joj:yf t km]nL{ cj:yf cflDxg km]gf{ sfd l9p/ af . g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ :jfFrn cg';f/ / fhgLlts Joj:yf ;+l3o nf]stflGqs u0ftGqs] Joj:yf :ofsn cj:yf af . tLg} txs] lgjf{rgd b'OltxfOs;] km]g ax'6 g]kfn sDo"lgi6 kf6L{ P}ltxfl;s ;kmNtf xfl;n s/ :ofsn cj:yf af . lox ;kmntfs] lbzfcf]+/ n}h}gf sfd cfd hgk|ltgLlw g]kfn hgtf a'l4hLlj, / fhg}lts bnx'qm cj;/ s] ?kd n]l6 a[xQ/ ?kd lb3{sflng of]hgf agfv] lg:jfy{ efjgfs] ;fy ;jn ag}gfd cf3 ax|kgf{ cj:yf 8]vf kl6{ af . cfem\s] o'u sns\ cfly{s, ;fdflhs cf] ;f+:s[lts ?kfGt/ 0fs] 8u/ cf+]/ nUgf xf] . / fhg}lts Joj:yf km]gf{ dfqfTds ?k;] km]/ u}n sn;] cfas] ;d[l4 ofqf u'0ffTds tl/ sf;] cf3 ax| kgf{ h?/ af .

cfem\s] ;d[l4s] d"n cfwf/ sns\ pTkfbgs] ;fwg cf] pTkfbs zlQms] lars] ;+3if{ g} d"n cfwf/ xf] . ljsf; b'O tl/ sfn] x'O7f . klxnf rxn;] of g} rxn;]km] v]r'xL -s5'jf_ ult cfk;] cfk x'Ol6 h}7f sn;] bf];|f] sns\ >f]t ;fwg dfgljo ;+;fwg cf] Joj:yfkg Jojl:yt tl/ sf x'On sn];] u'0ffTds tl/ sf;] ltj| ultd ljsf; x'O7f . cfems] ;/ sf/ , Jo"/ f]s]|;L hgk|ltgLlwx'qm, xd| cfkg nfu sf lnx P}nL;] km] xd| lo b]z cf] / fHos] nfu sf l8x P}ln sgf efjgfs] ;fy ljsf; s/ kgf{ h?/ L af . lg:jfy{ efjgfs] ;fy e|:6frf/ d'Qm tLg7f] ;/ sf/ ag}gf cfjZos af . pTkfbgd cfoft;] km] jx'6 lgof{t x'Okgf{ cfjZos af . ev{/ s] bftf cg';f/ bfª lhNnf c08f pTkfbgd cfTdlge{/ xf] :ofsn af . lo km]g PS7f] ;d[l4s] cfwf/ xf] . cf]:6s gjnk/ f;L lhNnfd kmf]x/ kbfy{;] Uof; pTkfbg x'Ol6 af . pm km]g PS7f] cfwf/ xf] . bfª lhNnfxg ljifout s[lif{ cfw'lgsLs/ 0f ag}gf xf] sn;] of ;d[l4s] 8u/ ag}gf xf] sn;] klxnf cfwf/ sns df8Ls] kfgLxg bfªd l;rfO{o'Qm ax'p2]Zo cfof]hgf ag}gf cfems] hgk|ltgLlwx'sGxs k|d'v e"ldsf Vofn kgf{ cj:yf xf] . lox dg ulDe/ ?kd Wofg l8x kgf{ h?/ af . lhjg pkof]lu hgljljsf ;dDjlGw l;h{gl;n sfo{of]hg ag}gf cf] sfof{Gjogd n}hfO kgf{ h?/ af . h:6s] c08f pTkfbgd bfª cfTdlge{/ x'On cf]:6s cf}/ j:t' pTkfbgd cfTdlge{/ x'Okgf{ h?/ af . tLg txs] lgjf{rg kf5 / fhg}lts :yfOTjd s/ :ofsn cj:yf af . lo o'uxg cj;/ s] ?kd lnx kgf{ cjfZos af . g]kfns] ;Defjgf l9p/ jf . k|s[lts ;f}+bo{, h}ljs cf] ;f+:s[lts ljljwtfs] cfwf/ d g]kfns Ps wlg / fi6« xf] . t/ xd| tLg s/ f]8 g]kfnLx'qm >f]t cf] ;fwgs] ;d[l4s] nfu k|of]u s/ g} ;]Sn x'Ol6 . hn>f]t g]kfns] d'Vo >f]t xf] . ofs/ ;b'kof]u xd| g]kfnL s/ g} ;]Sn x'Ol6 . em/ gfs] kfgL ;'4 v}gfkfgL ax'p2]Zo l;rfO{ hnljB't hl;g lrhxg a[xt of]hgf ag}l6 :ofkm\l6ªs] Joj:yf

s/ 6L ko{6gs] cfsif{0f ag}l6 sfof{Gjogd cfg kgf{ h?/ af . cfly{s, ;fdflhs kl/ jt{g s/ s\ nfu cfGtl/ s cf] afx\o >f]t kl/ rfng s/ kgf{ cfjZos af . cfems] cj:yfd cfly{s >f]t pRr:tl/ o ;'ne k|ljlw cf] cg'elj hgzlQms] vfFrf] af . b'O l5d]sL d'n's;] ;+t'lnlt ;DjGw sfod s/ kgf{ cfjZos af . lo b'O{ d'lns;] Ps cfk;d :jtGqtf ;fj{ef}ldStf ef}uf]lns cv08tf s] ;Ddfg Ps cf;d cfwf/ e't lxtxg Vofn s}v ljsf;s] 8u/ xg ;lbIffk"j{s ;dy{g s/ 6L b'O d'n's ljrd d]nldnfk o'Qm efjgf ljsf; x'Okgf{ cfjZos af . lrg;] hf]/ h}gf lxdfnpkf/ ax'cfolds sg]S6Lle6L ;~hfn lgdf{0f s/ 6L jg a]N6 PG8/ f]8xg, Joj:yfkg s/ s nfu oyfl;3| b'O{ b]z ljr ;DjGw sl6{ cf3 ax| k/ n . c:6s sf7df08f} lghu9 kmf:6\ofs k'j{ klZrd x'nfsL dfu{, kxf8L nf]sdfu{ OGwg kfOknfOg hl;g dxTjk"0f{ of]hgfxg dxTk"0f{ ;fy sfof{Gjogd k|fyldStf l8x k/ n . ljZjd ce'tk"j{ kl/ jt{g 8]vf kl6{ af . ljZjs] ax'w'lj|s/ 0f cf] cy{tGq ljZjJofkfl/ s uxg ?kd x'Ol6 af . ;dfh ;"rgfs/ 0f cf] ;+:s[lts] ljljlw s/ 0f lg/ Gt/ axl6{ h}l6 af . zflGt k"0f{ ljsf; ;xof]u cf] b'g'kIfs] hLtd hf]8 8]gf nf}j o'us] ;'?jf6 XjfP h}l6 af . l9p/ d'n's;] ;xsfo{ s/ l6 lb3{sflng zfGtL, ;'/ Iff, ;femf, ;d[l4, v'nf ;dfj]zL cf] :jR5 ;dfh lgdf{0f ljZj ;dfh lgdf{0f sgf{ cfem's cfjZoQmf xf] . lelq / fi6« ;femf ;dGw sfod sf/ 0f cfem's cfjZoQmf xf] . g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ -g]skf_ b'O ltxfO{ ax'dt cfgs] sDo'lgi6 cfGbf]ngs] P]ltxfl;s ;kmntf xfl;n sn{ af . lo ;kmNtfxg cj;/ s] ?kd n]l6 ;kmNtfs] kl/ 0ffd k'ufOnfu lgZjfy{ efjgf;] sfd s/ kgf{ cfem's tLGof] txs] ;/ sf/ cf] g]kfnL hgtfx'qm nfu kgf{ af . lox sf/ 0f;] g]kfnL hgtf nDjf ;do;d g]kfnL / fhgLlts cfGbf]ng sl6{ P}n . Joj:yf km]gf{d l9p/ ;do nfun cj:yf km]gf{d l9p/ ;do g} nuOgf xf]sL <

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;+Vof klg 5 . To;sf/ 0f sltko lxGb" wd{sf kf}/ fl0fs dfGotfx? klg cg';/ 0f :jefljs nfU5 . ldl>t a;fOsf sf/ 0f klg Ps csf{sf wd{, cf:yf / ;+:s[ltk|lt ;b\efj tyf ;dfg Jojxf/ sf sf/ 0f cGo ;d'bfosf ;f+:s[lts k|efjn] sltko ;+:s[ltx? yf? ;d'bfosf] nflu klg df}lns eO;s]sf] 5 . …u'/ xLÚ kj{ Ps u'/ xL -ufOg] sL/ f_ ;Fu hf]l8Psf] 5 . u'/ xL Ps p8\g] sL/ f xf] . o;n] dR5/ , e';'gfnufot ;"Id sL/ fx?nfO{ vfg] u5{g\ . logLx?sf] ;+/ If0fn] dR5/ -nfdv'§]_ / e';'gfnufot sL/ fx?sf] sdL x'g] / f]uJofwL sd nfUg] j}1flgs wf/ 0ff 5 . / log} sL/ fx?sf] k"hfn] ljleGg lsl;dsf / f]uJofwLx? sd x'g] hgljZjf; klg yf? ;d'bfodf 5 . nf]sdfGotf u'/ xL kj{;Fu ;DalGwt Ps nf]ssyf klg 5 . plxn]sf] hdfgfdf g/ sdf ljleGg lsl;dsf sL/ fx?sf] ;+Vof a9\of] / / f]ux? klg km}lnP . / f]usf sf/ 0f dfG5]x?sf] csfndf d[To' x'g yfNof] . :ju{nf]ssf b]ptfx? klg cfZro{rlst k/ ] / ;a} s'/ f a'‰gsf nflu Ps aflnsfnfO{ k[YjLnf]sdf k7fP . / , pgn] Ps ;fwf/ 0f kl/ jf/ df hGd lnOg\ . pgsf] afNosfn lgs} / dfOnf];Fu laTof] . kl/ jf/ df ;a}n] / fd|f] dfGy] . t/ , pgsL efph" eg] b]vL ;xGglyg\, lgs} b'Mv lblGyg\ . pgL eg] ;x]/ al:yg\ . pgL ;;fgf afnaflnsfx?;Fu v'a v]Ng dg k/ fpFlyg\ / v]lNyg\ . pgL lgs} dfof klg uly{g\ . pgnfO{ afnaflnsfx?n] klg lgs} dfof uy]{ . pgL sk8fsf] …u'/ xLÚ v'a dg k/ fpFlyg\ . t/ , pgLnfO{ b]lvg;xg] pgsf] efph"n] ;Fw} u'/ xLx? slxn] n'sfOlbg] slxn] kmflnlblGyg\ . o;f]ubf{ pgL lgs} b'MvL x'lGyg\ t/ s]xL eGg ;Sb}glyg\ . efph"sf] 8/ n] slxn] 8]x/ L -wfg / fVg] esf/ L_ d'lg

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lbbLx?sf] ;xof]udf ;Se/ w]/ }nfO{ k'Ug] u/ L 3'3/ L afF8\5g\ / afF8\b} ufpFsf] e'OXof/ yfg -ufpFel/ sf] b]pyfg_ df hfG5g\ ToxfF ufpFsf] u|fd b]ptfx?nfO{ k|;fb r9fO{ djf{sf] 5fk|f]dfly l56]/ 3/ kmlsG5g\ . / 3/ cfP/ klg cfˆgf] 3/ dfly, cgfh / fVg] wg;f/ / af/ Ldf nufOPsf t/ sf/ Lx?df l56\g] u5{g\ . o;f] ubf{ 3/ df e"tk|]t gcfpg], / f]uJofwL / n'tf] gnfUg], esf/ L wfgdf a[l4 x'g] . af/ Lsf] t/ sf/ L kmNg] hgljZjf; 5 . To;}u/ L s]6fx?n] 76fpg nluPsf] ;f]+6f s;}n] gb]Vg] u/ L n'sfP/ NofOG5 . Tof] klg t/ sf/ L af/ Ldf afFlwG5 . o;f] u/ ] sL/ f km6\ofª\u|f gnfUg] / kmn klg / fd|f] nfUg] s'/ f yf? ;d'bfodf ;fdflhs wf/ 0ff 5 . To:t} ToxL ;f]+6fnfO{ w"k nufO{ 3f]6]/ 3fp, vl6/ fdf ;~rf] x'g], k]6 b'vfO{ / Hj/ f] cfPdf klg o;n] cf}iflwsf] sfd ug]{ s'/ f hfgsf/ x?n] atfpF5g\ . o;/ L u'/ xL kj{ ljlwjt\ ;lsG5 . of] ljz]if u/ ]/ afnaflnsfx?sf] Ps k[ys kj{ xf] . h'g kj{ n'tf] kmfNg]b]lv lnP/ afnLgfnL ;lk|g] dfGotfsf ;fy dgfOG5 .

tkfO“sf] ;flxlTos ofqf s;/ L z'? eof] < Tof] ;do xfd|f] 3/ df / fdfo0f jfrg ug{] k/ Dk/ f lyof] . vf;u/ L / fdfo0fsf 5Gb xfdL no xfn]/ jfrg uYof{}+ . tL ;'g]/ } klg ;flxTotkm{ ?lr a9\b} uof] . csf{] s'/ f e/ tk'/ :s"ndf k9\bf z'qmjf/ ljleGg ;flxlTos sfo{qmdx? x'Gy] . kl5 @)!% ;fndf e/ tk'/ :s"ndf ;flxlTos ;ldlt u7g eof] . k|To]s z'qmjf/ ;flxlTos sfo{qmd x'GYof] . klxn] ;|f]tfsf ?kdf ;xefuL x'Gy]+ . t/ u'?x? / bfhL lji0f' vgfnaf6 kfPsf] k|]/ 0ffn] cfkm} klg n]v]/ ;'gfpg yfn] . ;flxTodf s;af6 a9L k|]0ff kfpg'eof] < n]vgdf ;a}eGbf w]/ } k|]/ 0ff d]/ f bfO lji0f' vgfnaf6 kfPF . pxfF slj klg x'g'xGYof] . pxfF;Fu} nIdLk|;fb b]jsf]6f, / fdfo0f, slj lz/ f]dl0f n]vgfy kf}8]nsf / rgfx?af6 a9L k|efljt eP/ k|]/ 0ff kfO/ x+] . @)#$ ;fndf / fKtL ;flxTo kl/ ifb\ u7g eO;s]kl5 eg] ;flxlTos uf]i7L / sfo{qmdx?df >f]tfsf ?kdf ;xefuL x'g yfn+] . kl5 ;|f]tf dfq} geP/ cfkm}n] n]v]sf / rgfx? ;'gfpg yfn]+ . ;dLIfsx?af6 klg / fd|f] ;Nnfx ;'emfjx? kfpFy]+ . To;n] klg w]/ } k|]/ 0ff lbGYof] . / , d lgoldt?kdf sljtf ;'gfpFb} uPF . To;} qmddf n]vgnfO{ kl/ dfh{g ub{} n}hfg] df}sf kfPF . tkfO“sf] ljrf/ df ;flxTo s] xf] / s:tf] x'g'k5{ < ;flxTonfO{ ca lxhf]sf] ?kdf x]g{ ldNb}g . lxhf]sf] ;flxTonfO{ ;dfhsf] bk{0f elgGYof] . xfdLn] ToxL k9\of}+ klg . t/ cfh ;flxTo eg]sf] bk{0f dfq geP/ ;dfhnfO{ ?kfGt/ 0f ug{] Pp6f cleofgdf klg xf] . snfTds cleJolQmaf6 ;dfh ?kfGt/ 0fsf] Pp6f cleofgdf ;flxTosf] e"ldsf x'g'kb5{ . ;fvu/ L ;|i6fx?n] xfdL s'g ;dfhdf 5f}+ / Tof] ;dfhleq ePsf ljs[lt lj;+ultx?nfO{ cfkm\gf] / rgfsf] dfWodaf6 s;/ L x6fpg ;lsG5 eGg] pkfosf] vf]hL ug'{kb{5 . lsgeg] xfdL ToxL ;dfhsf JolQm xf}+ . / fli6«sf ;]js klg xf}+ . To;sf/ 0f klg ;dfhk|lt xfd|f] klg lhDd]jf/ L / st{Jo / xG5 . / fHonfO{ cufl8 a9fpgdf xfd|f] klg e"ldsf klg / xg hfG5 . tkfO“sf] ljrf/ df clxn]sf] ;flxTo stflt/ uO/ x]sf] 5 < z'?sf] cj:yfdf / fhgLltnfO{ ;flxTon] 8f]¥ofpFYof], ;Fu;Fu} nUYof] . rfx] tL uf]sL{, n';'gsf s'/ f u/ f}+ of oxL g]kfnsf w/ 0fLw/ sf s'/ f u/ f}+ . pgsf sljtfx? ;'Gg dfG5]x? nfnflot x'Gy] . / , ltg} sljtfaf6 / fhgLlts JofVof ljZn]i0f klg x'Gy] . lxhf] ;flxTon] / fhgLltnfO{ 8f]¥ofPsf] dx;'; uy{]+ . clxn] / fhgLltn] ;flxTonfO{ 8f]¥ofO/ x]sf h:tf] dx;'; x'G5 dnfO{ . clxn] h:tf] ufP klg x'g], dgf]/ ~hg u/ fpg] / cfkm\gf] ljrf/ / fVg] v]n h:tf] ?kdf ;flxTonfO{ lnPsf] kfOG5 . lxhf] ljrf/ pGd'v lyof] / clxn] dgf]/~hg pGd'v ePsf] kfOG5 . To;sf/ 0f / fhgLltn] g} ;flxTonfO{ 8f]¥ofPsf] h:tf] nfU5 . clxn]sf] gof“ k':tfn] ;flxTodf ljs[lt klg NofP eG5g\ lg < xf]Og . To;nfO{ Psxf]/ f] b[li6sf]0fn] x]g'{xF'b}g . sltko o:tf cfzfnfUbf o'jfx? klg cfPsf 5g\, h;n] gofF z}nLx? NofP/ k'/ fgf k':tfnfO{ ;d]t pl5g]/ gofF ;f]r / wf/ 0ffsf ;fy kl/ jt{gsf lglDt lqmofzLn eP/ cufl8 al9/ x]sf 5g\ . ca s]xL t ;dfh o;} klg b'O{ tLg yl/ sf] 5Fb} 5 lg . p;nfO{ s] s'/ fn] a9L k|efj kf¥of] eGg] xf] . c;n ljrf/ , ;+:s[ltn] k|efj k/ ]sf] 5 eg] Tof] dfG5] ;xL lbzflt/ hfG5 . v/ fa ;f]r, ljrf/ / ;+:s[ltsf] gsf/ fTds ljrf/ sf] k|efj k/ ]sf] 5 eg] p;n] ;flxTonfO{ vfnL k|]d lanfkh:tf dgf]/ ~hgsf ?kdf dfq} lnG5 . t/ clxn]sf w]/ } o'jfx? eg] gofF z}nL / hf]z hfFu/ sf ;fy cufl8 al9/ xg'ePsf] 5. casf] gof“ pbLodfg k':tffnfO{ s:tf] ;Nnfx lbg'x'G5 < ;flxTo clt{ pkb]z, lgb{]zg lbP/

u k'?iff]Qd vgfn, s]Gb|o cWoIf /fKtL ;flxTo kl/ifb\ n]lvg] ljifo xf]Og . ;flxTo eg]sf] d]/ f] ljrf/ s] 5 < sxfF s'g 36gfn] k|efj k/ ]sf] 5 eGg] xf] . s;}nfO{ Pp6} 36gfn] k|efj kf5{ eGg] xF'b}g . p;sf] Ifdtf s] xf] < bz{g s] xf] < ToxL cfwf/ df cfkm\gf] cleJolQmx?nfO{ snfTds z}nLdf k|:t't ug{ ;Sg' g} pmleq v'aL x'g cfjZos 5 . To;;Fu} o'jfn] df6f] / / fi6«nfO{ 5f]P/ cfkm\gf / rgfx? k|:t't ug{ ;Sof] eg] ef]ln uP/ w]/ } / fd|f] ug{ ;S5 . ;flxTo ljsf;sf nflu s] ug'{ knf{ < ;|i6fx?n] cfkm\gf] lsl;dn] ljsf; t ul/ / xg'ePsf] 5 . t/ k|ltefzfnL ;|i6fx?sf / rgfx?nfO{ vf]h]/ kf08'lnlk k|sfzg ug{ clxn] cfjZos b]V5' d . sf/ 0f– s}of}+ / fd|f ;|i6fx?sf / rgfx? cfly{s cefjn] k|sflzt x'g g;s]/ s'gfdf ylGsPsf 5g\ . To;n] n]vsdf klg g}/ fZotf 5fPsf] 5 . To;sf/ 0f klg / fd|f ;|i6fsf / rgfx?nfO{ vf]hL u/ L k|sfzg ;+:yfsf] vf]hL ug{ h?/ L 5 . csf{] s'/ f xfdLn] y'k|} ;flxlTos ;+:yfx? agfPsf 5f}+ . t/ tL ;+:yfx?aLr ;dGjosf] cefj 5 . To;sf/ 0f ;a}n] Psl9Ssf eO, ;f]r / of]hgfx? agfP/ cufl8 a9\g cfjZos 5 . a]nfavt cGtlqm{of ug{ h?/ L 5 . o;/ L cufl8 a9\g ;s] bfªsf] ;flxlTos If]qnfO{ cem pa{/ agfpg ;lsG5 . To;n] bfªsf] ;flxlTos If]qnfO{ klg dfly p7fpg / xfd|f ;|i6fx?;Dd k'¥ofpFg 7"nf] e"ldsf v]Ng]5 . To:t} / fHon] ;flxTonfO{ x]g{] b[li6sf]0f klg Psbd} lkmtnf] 5 . ca slDtdf ;flxlTos ljsf;sf nflu ah]6 ljlgof]hg ug{'k5{ / pTs[i6 ;|i6fx?sf k':tsx? k|sfzg ul/ lbg ;Sg'k5{ . ta dfq} / fhgLlt / ;flxTonfO{ ;Fu;Fu} n}hfg ;lsG5 . / , csf{] s'/ f ;flxlTos ;+:yfsf] ljsf; ca gofF k':tfnfO{ x:tfGt/ 0f ug{ h?/ L 5 . gofF ;f]r ljrf/ / z}nL lnP/ cfPsf o'jfx?nfO{ g]t[Tjsf] df}sf lbg;s] ef]ln bfªsf] ;flxlTos If]qnfO{ cem dfly p7fpg ;lsG5 . rf/ bzs lzIf0f k]zfaf6 lgj[Q eO;s]kl5 clxn]sf] ;do s;/ L latfO/ xg'ePsf] 5 < clxn]sf] ;dosf] a9Lh;f] lstfax? k9]/ latfpg] u/ ]sf] 5' . t/ lxhf] h:tf] lstfax? k9\g klg ;lSbg . ;fydf ePsf lstfax? cfwfpwL efj a'em\g] u/ L k9\5' . clxn] :jf:Yosf sf/ 0f klg klxn] h:tf] ;flxTonfO{ ;do lbg ;ls/ x]sf] 5}g . :jf:Yon] ;fy lbP;Fu} ;flxlTos uf]i7L, sfo{qmdx?df ;xefuL x'g] u/ ]sf] 5' . a]nfavt eg] ;fyLx? klg 3/ d} cfP/ e"ldsf / ;dLIff n]Vg eGg'x'G5 . To;/ L klg ;do latfpg] u/ ]sf] 5' . / , clxn] syfx? n]Vg yfn]sf] 5' . vf;u/ L klxn] / clxn]sf] klg ;do;fk]Ifsf syfx? ;d]6]/ Pp6f syf;+u|x lgsfNg] ;f]rdf 5' . clxn] :jf:Yo cj:yf s:tf] 5 < clxn] 7Ls} 5 eGg'k5{ . clxn] tkfOF;Fu s'/ f ug{ ;S5' . cfkm\gf] ljrf/ / fVg ;s]sf] 5' . o;sf/ 0f klg 7Ls} eGg'k5{ . xfd|f cu|h gf/ fo0fk|;fb zdf{ u'? / lul/ / fh zdf{nfO{ b]Vbf emg} k|]/ 0ff hfu]/ cfpF5 . slxn] ;f]R5' d t a"9f] ePsf] 5' ls h:tf] nfu] klg pxfFx?nfO{ b]Vbf eg] cem} phf{ ylkP/ cfpg] u5{ . CMYK


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@)&% ;fn ;fpg @^ ut] zlgjf/

(Aug 11, 2018)

s0ff{nLdf 6'+luof] Pstf ;/;kmfOsf nflu /f]h alxgL afs; o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf ;'v] {t, @% ;fpg . g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{n] s0ff{nL kb] zdf kf6L{ Pstf gLltut?kdf 6'+UofPsf] 5 . s0ff{nL kb] z / oxf“ /x] sf !) j6} lhNnf ;ldltsf] ;+Vof / gfd 6'+uf] nufPsf] xf] . kb] z / dftxtsf bz lhNnfsf] Pstf klqmof 6'+Uofpg] lhDdf kfPsf] sfo{bnn] Pstf klqmof 6'+UofP/ kf6L{ s] Gbdf kltj] bg a'emfPsf] 5 . sfo{bnn] ;a} lhNnfsf] klqmof 6'+UofP/ dxf;lrj lji0f' kf} 8] nnfO kltj] bg

a'emfPsf] :yfoL ;ldlt ;b:o Pj+ sfo{bnsf g] tf hgfb{g zdf{ …kefs/Ún] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . s0ff{nL kb] z ;ldlt Ps ;o &%, s] GbLo ;Nnfxsf/ @& / /fli6«o kl/ifb ;b:odf ^^ hgfsf] gfd l;kmfl/; ul/Psf] 5 . lhNnf / kb] z kbflwsf/Lsf] gfd eg] 6'+uf] nfUg af“sL 5 . kf6L{ Pstf 6'+Uofpg] b] zel/d} s0ff{nL klxnf] kb] z ag] sf] 5 . sfo{bndf o'j/fh 1jfnL, hgfb{g zdf{, dfofk;fb zdf{ / odnfn s“8] n /xg'ePsf] lyof] .

u9jfdf @$ cf} + ljZj cflbjf;L hghflt lbj; o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf

9Ng} yfNof] ljB't kf] n M 3f] /fxL–!% le+u] nLrf] sglhs} 9Ng nfu] sf] ljB't kf] nnfO{ Ps dlxgfb] lv b'O{j6f af“F;n] c8\ofOPsf] 5 . :yfgLon] ljB't kflws/0fnfO{ af/Daf/ hfgsf/L u/fpF“bf ;d] t kflws/0fn] s'g} klg kxn gubf{ kf] n h'g;'s} a] nf 9Ng ;Sg] cj:yfdf 5 . t:jL/ M gofF o'uaf]w

d'6' c:ktfndf Ps xhf/ a9Lsf] lgMz'Ns pkrf/ q odnfn e';fn a'6jn, @% ;fpg . a'6jndf ;~rflnt uf} tda'4 ;fd'bflos d'6' c:ktfndf Ps jif{sf] cjlwdf Ps xhf/ Ps ;o %( hgf ul/a tyf ljkGg ju{sf lj/fdLn] lgMz'Ns pkrf/ ;] jf lnPsf 5g\ . ut cfly{s jif{ @)&$÷)&% df g] kfn ;/sf/af6 kbfg ul/Psf] lgMz'Ns ;] jf / c:ktfn cfkm} n] pknAw u/fPsf] lgMz'Ns ;] jfaf6 pQm ;+Vofn] ] ;] jf lnPsf x'g\ . c:ktfnsf cWoIf Phfh cfndn] d'6' / d[uf} nfsf] pkrf/df g] kfn ;/sf/n] pknAw u/fp“b} cfPsf] ;xof] u / c:ktfnaf6 u/L 5 s/f] 8 (( nfv *( xhf/ rf/ ;o 5 ?k} of“ a/fa/sf] pkrf/ lgMz'Ns ul/Psf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . h;dWo] c:ktfnn] kf“r ;o !^ hgf ul/a

la/fdLx?nfO{ ^& nfv $@ xhf/ 5 ;o (% ?k} ofsf] lgMz'Ns pkrf/ ;] jf lbPsf] 5 . cfly{s cefjsf] sf/0f s'g} klg lj/fdL pkrf/ lngaf6 al~rt x'g gk/f] ;\ eGg] p2] Zon] c:ktfnn] kl/jf/sf] cfly{s cj:yf cToGt sdhf] / ePsf la/fdLx?nfO{ lgMz'Ns pkrf/ ub} { cfPsf] 5 . To;} u/L ;/sf/n] kbfg u/] sf] d'6'sf la/fdLx?nfO{ Psnfv ?k} of“;Dd / d[uf} nfsf lj/fdLx?nfO{ 8fonfOl;; ;] jf lgMz'Ns pknAw u/fp“b} cfPsf] 5 . h;dWo] ;a} eGbf w] / } tLg ;o #! Hfgf d[uf} nfsf la/fdLn] rf/ s/f] 8 ;ft nfv %@ xhf/ kf“r ;o a/fa/sf] lgMz'Ns lgoldt 8fonfOl;; ;] jf lnPsf] c:ktfnn] hgfPsf] 5 . lj/fdLx?sf] cfjZostfcg';f/ tLg ;o #! hgfnfO{ Ps jif{sf] cjlwdf !^ xhf/ tLg ;o Ps k6s 8fonfOl;; ;] jf

kbfg ul/Psf] 5 . To:t} tLg ;o !@ hgf d'6'sf lj/fdLx?n] ;/sf/n] pknAw u/fPsf] lgz'Ns ;] jf lnPsf 5g\ . d'6'sf la/fdLx?sf nflu b'O{ s/f] 8 @$ nfv ($ xhf/ b'O{ ;o !! ?k} of“ a/fa/sf] lgMz'Ns pkrf/ ul/Psf] c:ktfnn] hgfPsf] 5 . @)&) ;fndf :yfkgf ePsf] c:ktfndf d'6'sf] SofyNofa ;] jf;lxt !& j6f 8fonfOl;; d] lzgdfkm{t sf7df8f} +aflx/ ;a} eGbf 7"nf] 8fonfO{l;; o'lg6 ;d] t ;~rfngdf /x] sf] 5. a'6jndf ljz] if1 ;] jf;lxtsf] SnfyNofa ;~rfngdf cfPkl5 d'6'sf] PlGhof] ufd, PlGhof] Knfi6 / d'6'df k] zd] s/ /fVg] sfo{sf] nflu yf] / } eP klg a'6jn aflx/ hfg'kg] { afWotf x6] sf] c:ktfnsf lgb] {zs jl/i7 d'6'/ f] u ljz] if1 8f= ;ld/ uf} tdn] hfgsf/L u/fpg'eof] .

u9jf, @% ;fpg . g] kfn clbjf;L hghflt ;dGjo kl/ifb\ u9jfsf] cfof] hgfdf laxLjf/ u9jfdf @$ cf} + ljZj cflbjf;L hghflt lbj; dgfOPsf] 5 . ;dGjo kl/ifb\ u9jfsf cWoIf n] vtaxfb'/ /fgf du/sf] cWoIftf / u9jf ufp“kflnsfsf pkfWoIf tyf Goflos ;ldltsf ;+of] hs zflGt rf} w/Lsf] kd'v cfltYotfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf af] Ng] clwsf+z cflbjf;L hghfltx?n] nlIft ju{sf] ah] 6 ljlgof] hg klqmofdf cflbjf;L hghflt rgfvf] / ;+ul7t gx'bf /fHon] 9f“l6/x] sf] atfP . cflbjf;L hghfltx? cfkm\gf] e] if e"iff, efiff, ;+: s[lt, k/Dk/f / snfnfO{ ;+/ If0f ug] {tkm{ Psfsf/ eP/ nfUg'kg] {df ;a} sf] hf] 8 lyof] . kd'v cltly u9jf ufp“kflnsfsf pkfWoIf zflGt rf} w/Ln] 7"nf] ;+Vofdf /x] sf cflbjf;L hghfltx? ;+ul7t x'g g;Sbf :yfgLo ;/sf/df cfPsf] ah] 6 ;d] t kof] u ug{ g;s] sf] atfpg'eof] . …

nlIft ju{sf] ah] 6 Nofpg sfo{qmdsf] k:tfjgf tof/ u/] / cfpg';\, xfdL x/bd ;xof] u ug] {5f} +Ú– rf} w/Ln] eGg'eof] – …cfkm\gf] clwsf/ kfKt ug{ cfkm} sl:;g' k5{, 3/df a;] / ah] 6 3/3/} nu] / xfdLn] lbg ;Sb} gf} +, aRrfn] b'wvfg] dg nfu] kl5 cfdf;“u ?g] sNnfpg] u5{, To;/L g} cfkm\gf] clwsf/ lng cfkm} sl:;g'k5{ .Ú sfo{qmddf yf? sNof0fsfl/0fL If] q g+= ! sf pkfWoIf ;Ltf rf} w/L, O{nfsf kx/L sfof{no u9jfsf ;xfos kx/L lg/LIfs 6f] h] Gb la;L, cflbjf;L hghflt a'l4hLjLx? hut/fd rf} w/L, x] dGt rf} w/L, hLtaxfb'/ cfn] , ;"o{axfb'/ >] i7, kmujGtL yf? s'dfn, hghflt kltlglwx? kmfu'/ fd rf} w/L, s[i0fntf rf} w/L, zfGtf rf} w/L / ;'o{axfb'/ a'9fnufotn] wf/0ff /fVg' ePsf] lyof] . cflbjf;L hghflt ;dGjo kl/ifb\ u9jfsf jL/axfb'/ cfn] sf] :jfut dGtAoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng hghflt g] tf cf] dksfz rf} w/Ln] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

l;+rfO{ ;+3sf] ;fwf/0f;ef b] pv'/ L, @% ;fpg -o';_– /fKtL ufp“kflnsf j8f g+= $ demgLu9df /fKtL ;fd"lxs l;+rfO{ ;+3 PnPd jfgsf] ;fwf/0f;ef ;DkGg ePsf] 5. ;d"xsf cWoIf eLdaxfb'/ cf] nLsf] cWoIftf, e"ldut hn l;+rfO{ lhNnf dxf;+3 bfªsf ;lrj d] 3axfb'/ 8f“uLsf] kd'v cfltYotf / j8fWoIf lji0f'axfb'/ lh;Lsf] ljlzi6 cfltYotfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf jf] Ng] jQmfx?n] e"ldut hn l;+rfO{sf k"jf{wf/x? dd{tsf nflu ah] 6 ljlgof] hg ug{ dfu ul/Psf] 5 .

;fwf/0f;efdf sf] iffWoIf ;'zLnf dx/fn] cfoJoo ljj/0f k:t't ug{'ePsf] lyof] . 6f] nljsf; ;+: yf demgLu9jfsf cWoIf hLj/fh cf] nL, l;dnv'6\6Lsf cWoIf z/b lu/L, j8f g+= $ sf j8f ;b:o kf] dnfn lu/L, pkef] Qmf k"0f{ lu/L nufotsf jQmfx?n] dGtJo JoQm ug{'ePsf] lyof] . kwfgdGqL s[lif cfw'lgsLs/0f kl/of] hgf ds} ;'k/hf] gn] l8k jf] l/ª dd{tsf nflu Ps nfv %) xhf/ ah] 6 pknAw u/fPsf] / l8k jf] l/ª dd{t ePsf] hfgsf/L u/fOPsf] lyof] .

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jg pkef] Qmf dxf;+3 g] kfn t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfug/kflnsfsf] cfof] hgfdf z'qmjf/ oxf“ ePsf] rf} yf] ;fd'bflos jg lbj;sf cj;/df af] Ng] jQmfx?n] kfs[lts >f] t;fwgsf] pkof] u ug] {n] To;sf] ;+/ If0fsf nflu ah] 6 ljlgof] hg ug'{kg] { pgLx?sf] dfu lyof] . dxf;+3sf pkfWoIf v] dnfn dxtf/fsf] cWoIftf Pj+ Onfsf jg sfof{no t'n;Lk'/ sf kd'v ljgf] bs'df/ zfxsf] kd'v cfltYotfdf sfo{qmd ePsf] lyof] .

ljBfyL{nfO{ kltj]bg Ho]i7 gful/s kl/rokq n]vg tflnd ljt/0f z'? 3f] / fxL, @% ;fpg -o';_– ;+/If0fjfkt ;]jf z'Ns kfpg'kg]{ clen] vLs/0f /fVg] / ljBfyL{x?sf] cltl/Qm ;Lk o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf ljsf;sf nflu 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf– !^ ;/f{l:yt 1fgdfnf Ps] 8] dLsf 5fq5fqfx?nfO{ laxLjf/ kltj] bg n] vg;DjGwL tflnd lbOPsf] 5 . ljBfyL{x?df n] vg ;Lksf] ljsf; ub} { l;h{gfTds sfddf ;xefuL u/fpg pQm tflnd cfof] hgf ul/Psf] ljBfnosf kwfgfWofks s] zj/fh lu/Ln] atfpg'eof] . tflnddf sIff *, ( / !) sf laBfyL{x?sf] ;xeflutf lyof] . tflnddf b} lgs sIffsf] kltj] bg / :ynut cWoog cg';Gwfgkl5 n] lvg] kltj] bg;DaGwL tflnd lbOPsf] lyof] . tflndsf klzIfsdf sflGtk'/ b} lgssf pk;Dkfbs b'uf{nfn s] ;L x'g'x'GYof] . ljBfyL{x?nfO{ lgoldt kltj] bg n] vgsf] cEof; u/fpg] ul/Psf] laBfnosf ;xfos lklG;kn dx] z a:g] tn] atfpg'eof] .

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kl/rokq ljt/0fsf] sfd z'? ePsf] 5, of] cleofgnfO{ j8f tx;Dd n} hfg] ;f] rdf 5f} +Ú– ufp“kflnsfsf cWoIf ;xh/fd ofbjn] eGg' eof] . a[4a[4fx? /fi6«sf ;Ddflgt gful/s x'g\ . pgLx?nfO{ ;Ddfg ug'{k5{ eGg] dfGotf cl3 ;f/] / kl/rokq ljt/0f yflnPsf] xf] .Ú ufp“kflnsfn] o; cufl8 ljleGg j8fx?df *) jif{ kf/ ePsf Ho] i7 gful/sx?nfO{ ;Ddfg ub} { 5ftf, xln{S; / sDan;d] t ljt/0f u/] sf] lyof] . cfOtjf/b] lv z'? u/] sf] cleofgdf xfn;Dd *^ hgf a9LnfO{ Ho] i7 gful/s kl/rokq ljt/0f ul/;s] sf] / cleofgnfO{ j8f tx;Dd klg ;~rfng ug] { ljifodf ;/;Nnfx eO/x] sf] ufp“kflnsfsf dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf zfvfsf sd{rf/L rGbf cf] nLn] eGg'eof] .

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t'n;Lk'/ , @% ;fpg . ;fd'bflos jg ;d"xsf pkef] Qmfn] hnd"n ;+/ If0f u/] jfkt e'QmfgL kfpg'kg] { dfu u/] sf 5g\ . pkNnf] t6Lo If] qdf gfËf 8f“8fsf“8fdf j[Iff/f] k0f, jgsf] ;+/ If0f u/] s} sf/0f kfgLsf d'xfgx?sf] ;+/ If0f ePsf] eGb} To;sf] pkof] u ug] {x?n] s] xL /sd ;d'bfonfO{ pknAw u/fpg'kg] { pgLx?n] atfPsf x'g\ . ;fd'bflos

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bfª xfk'/ a8x/faf6 alb{of u'n/Lof a;fO{ ;/]sf :j= afdb]j uf}tdsf sfG5f 5f]/f afns[i0f uf}td -ls6\6'_ sf] oxL @)&% ;fpg @@ ut]sf lbg ePsf] b'Mvb lgwgn] o; ;dfhn] Pp6f ;b:o u'dfpg kbf{ w]/} b'Mv hGd M @)## ;fn nfu]sf] 5 . b'Mvsf] o; 38Ldf zf]s;GtKt d[To' M @)&%.)$.@@ kl/jf/hgklt ;dj]bgf JoQm ub{} lbj+ut cfTdfsf] ;fo'Ho kflKtsf] sfdgf ub{5f} + .

s]zj/fh uf}td -cWoIf_ Pj+ uf}td ;dfh kl/jf/ xfk'/, bfª 3f]t k7fpg rfxg]n] ;fpg @( ut];Dd (*$&*^#@&(, (*%&*#)^!( df ;Dks{ ug'{xf]nf .

o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf 3f] / fxL, @% ;fpg . 5fqfx?sf] lzIff, :jf:Yo / ;'/ Iffsf nflu /f] h alxgL afs; ljt/0f ul/Psf] 5 . 5fqfx?nfO{ x'g] dlxgfjf/Lsf sf/0f k7gkf7gdf cfpg] ;d:of, plrt ;/;kmfO gx'“bf x'g;Sg] ;+qmd0f /f] Sg / l;+uf] :jf:Yo ;'/ Iffsf nflu bfªdf /f] h alxgL afs; ljt/0f ul/Psf] xf] . z'qmjf/ uf] / vf dflj 3f] / fxLsf 5fqfx?nfO{ lgMz'Ns :ofg] 6/L Kof8, ;fa'g tyf xft w'g] lnlSj8;lxtsf] /f] h alxgL afs; x:tfGt/0f ul/Psf] /f] h alxgL l;h{gzLn dlxnf ;dfhsL s] GbLo cWoIf ljho>L /] UdLn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . b] zsf Ps xhf/ ljBfnodf cWoo/t 5fqfx?nfO{ lgoldt ;/;kmfO ;fduL ljt/0f ul/g] ;+: yfn] hgfPsf] 5 . dlxgfjf/L x'“bf 5fqfx?nfO{ k7gkf7gdf ;d:of x'g] , ljBfno hfg clgoldt

x'g] , sIff 5f] 8\g] / ljleGg ;+qmd0fn] ;tfpg] nufotsf ;d:ofaf6 hf] ufpg b] ze/ g} o:tf] cleofg yflnPsf] xf] . ;dfhn] bfªdf klxnf] k6s uf] / vf dfljsf 5fqfx?nfO{ ;/;kmfO{ ;fduL ljt/0f u/] sf] xf] . ;+: yfsf cg';f/ ebf} ;Dd lhNnfsf ;a} ljBfnodf ;/;kmfO{ ;fduL lgz'Ns ljt/0f ul/g] 5 . ljt/Lt ;fduLnfO{ aflnsfx?n] zf} rfnod} /f] h lszf] / L afs; /fVg] / cfjZostf cg';f/ ;fduLsf] kof] u ug] { Joj:yf ldnfOg] 5 . uf] / vf dfljdf lszf] / L Snj o;} aLr uf] / vf dfljdf /f] h alxgL lszf] / L Snj u7g

ul/Psf] 5 . z'qmjf/ :d[lt hLPdsf] ;+of] hsTjdf !! ;b:oLo uf] / vf dflj /f] h alxgL lszf] / L Snj u7g ul/Psf] ;Nnfxsf/ a;Gt hLPdn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ;ldltsf] ;x;+of] hsdf s[i0ff cfrfo{ / ;b:ox?df clenfiff l3ld/] , u[idf e§/fO{, >[kmf clwsf/L, :jl:tsf dx/f, lgzf 3tL{, k'gd 3tL{, ;Demgf /f] sf, bLIff /fgf du/ / cg'isf kf} 8] n x'g'x'G5 . lszf] / L Snjn] 5fqfx?sf] :jf:Yo, ;/;kmfO / ;'/ Iffsf] ljifodf 5nkmn ug] { / ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfgsf nflu cfkm} cu;/ x'g] ;xof] uL ;+: yfn] hgfPsf] 5 .

ca}w?kdf ef/t lgsf;L /fhdf]sf] klzIf0f x'g yfn]sf] dl/r a/fdb o'uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf g] kfnu~h, @% ;fpg . ca} w t/Lsfn] g] kfnu~h x'“b} ef/ttkm{ n} hf“b} u/] sf] 7"nf] kl/df0fsf] dl/r ;z:q kx/Ln] lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] 5 . laxLjf/ /flt !) ah] lt/ g] kfnu~h eG;f/ gfsf x'“b} ef/ttkm{ n} hf“b} u/] sf] b'O{ ;o #) lsnf] dl/r ;z:q kx/L an, g] kfnu~hn] lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] xf] . c6f] l/S;fdf dl/r nlub} lyof] . dx] Gbgu/ u0faf6 vl6Psf ;z:q kx/L ;xfos lg/LIfs z] / axfb'/ a'9fIf] qLsf] sdf08df /x] sf] df] afOn 6f] nLn] dl/r a/fdb u/] sf]

lyof] . b'O{ ;o #) lsnf] dl/rsf] d"No b'O{ nfv tLg xhf/ kf“r ;o /x] sf] P;kL e] ifaxfb'/ zfxn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . clxn] ;Dds} 7"nf] kl/df0fsf] dl/r a/fdb ul/Psf] P;kL zfxn] atfpg'eof] . cf7j6f af] / fdf /x] sf] pQm dl/r gf @ ; &@^ g+= sf] c6f] l/S;faf6 ef/ttkm{ n} hf“b} u/] sf] cj:yfdf km] nf kfl/Psf] lyof] . c6f] l/S;f rfns eg] km/f/ /x] sf] P;kL zfxn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ;z:q kx/Ln] a/fdb u/] sf] dl/r / c6f] l/S;f g] kfnu~h eG;f/ sfof{nodf a'emfOPsf] 5.

jftfj/0f hf]ufpg ;8sdf ljBfyL{ 3f] / fxL, @% ;fpg -o';_– EofnL 6k Oª\ln; af] l8{ª :s"nsf ljBfyL{x? jftfj/0f hf] ufpg'kg{] eGb} z'qmjf/ Kn] sf8{;lxt ;8sdf plqP . jg km8fgL /f] sf} +, jftfj/0f / kof{j/0f hf] ufcf} + h:tf gf/f n] lvPsf Kn] sf8{ kbz{g ub} {} ;8s gf6s / g'To ;d] t k:t't u/] . sIff ;ftb] lv !)

;Ddsf u/L em08} Ps ;o ljBfyL{x?n] z'qmjf/ ;8sdf plqP/ jftfj/0f / kof{j/0f hf] ufpg eGb} ;8s gf6sb] lv g[Toaf6 ;r] tgf af“8] . sIff !) sf] hg;+Vof tyf jf/tfj/0f ljifosf] kf7\qmddf /x] / pgLx?n] jftfj/0fsf] lagfzn] lgDTofpg] Iflt / lagfzaf/] k:t'ltdfkm{t b] vfPsf lyP .

3f] / fxL, @% ;fpg -o';_– /fli6«o hgdf] rf{ bfªn] 3/b} nf] tyf ;b:otf cleofgcGtu{t 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f gDa/ ! xgf] {sdf 3/b} nf] ;b:otf ljt/0fsf ;fy} e] nf tyf klzIf0f sfo{qmd ;DkGg u/] sf] 5 . klzIf0fdf lhNnf cWoIf u0f] z cfrfo{, 3f] / fxL gu/ cWoIf 6Lsf las, t'n;Lk'/ gu/ sf] iffWoIf h'4 g] kfnL nufotn] dGtAo /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . e] nfn] xgf] {s 6f] n ;ldlt u7g u/] sf] 5 . ;ldltsf cWoIfdf huaxfb'/ g] kfnL, ;lrj Zofd k'g, sf] iffWoIf a;Gt cf] nL / ;b:ox?df k] daxfb'/ 3tL{, n'dsfGt cf] nL, ?baxfb'/ k'g, s'naxfb'/ /fjt / wgf lh;L /xg'ePsf] 5 eg] ;Nnfxsf/df nf] saxfb'/ cf] nL /xg'ePsf] 5 .

klqsf dfu] / xf] Og lsg]/ k9\g] afgL a;fnf} + .

xflb{s ;dj] bgf cfof] 6Kk l6Kof] nUof] ldlt k'Uof] 6f/] / 6b}{g Tof] . OGb} laGtL u?g\ em's] / kbdf Tof] laGtL dfGb} g Tof] ..

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/fhs'df/ v8\sf ef]h/fh nfld5fg] r]tgfy nD;fn zf]ef/fd s]=;L a;Gt/fh zdf{ ?knfn rf}w/L as;axfb'/ s]=;L 1fgb/ k/fh'nL pbo a:g]t Pj+

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a'6jn, @% ;fpg . kb] z g+= % sf ;efd'v k"0f{axfb'/ 3tL{n] ;+3Lotf sfof{Gjog z"Goaf6 z'? ul/Psfn] of] af“emf] af/Lsf] 8Nnf km'6fpg] sfd h:t} hl6n xf] . ;+3Lo Aoj:yfnfO{ Jojl:yt / sfof{Gjog ug{] sf] l;; ul//x] sf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . pxf“n] cfkm"x?aLr s] xL ;sf/fTds r'gf} tLx? /x] sf] eGb} tTsfnsf nflu b'O{j6f bfloTj lgjf{x ug{'kg{] df hf] 8 lbg'eof] . ;efd'v 3tL{n] eGg'eof] – …tTsf nsf nflu kb] z sfg'g lgdf{0f ug{ h?/L 5 . To;kl5 xfdL ljsf; lgdf{0fsf sfd cl3 a9fpg'kg{] bfloTjdf 5f} + .Ú pxf“n] d'Vo ljifodf hf] 8 lbg g;lsP ;+3Lotf cndn x'g] atfp“b} ;+ljwfg sfof{Gjogdf ;a} nfUg h?/L /x] sf] wf/0ff /fVg'eof] . l/kf] 6{;\ Snj g] kfn kb] z % sfof{noåf/f z'qmjf/ a'6jndf cfof] lht ;fIffTsf/ sfo{qmddf af] Nb} ;efd'v

3tL{n] s] Gb ;/sf/sf] PsfTds /fHo Joj:yf rnfPsf] x\of+ucf] e/ cem} gx6] sf] bfaL ug'{eof] . ;+3Lo k0ffnL tLgkf+u] gLlt cg';f/ rn] sf] eGb} pxf“n] 6] Dkf] sf] pbfx/0f ;d] t lbg'eof] . …Pp6f kf+uflagf 6] Dk' rNg ;Sb} g . To:t} u/L :yfgLo, kb] z / ;+3 u/L tLgj6f ;/sf/sf] Ps csf{;“u ;dGjo geP ;+3Lotf sdhf] / x'G5Ú– pxf“sf egfO lyof] ] . pxf“n] kb] z / s] GbaLr clwsf/sf ljifodf klg s] xL hl6ntfx? b] lvPsf / o;nfO{ 5nkmnsf dfWodaf6 xn ug{'kg] { atfpg'eof] . dx+uL lgoGq0f / hgtfsf] hLjg:t/ psf:g

kb] z ;/sf/n] sfd ug{'kg{] pxf“sf] egfO lyof] . kb] z /fhwfgL / gfdsf] clGtd 6'+uf] ;+;bn] g} nufpg] eGb} ;efd'v 3tL{n] !% ;b:oLo ;ldltn] kltj] bg tof/ ug{] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …kb] zsf] /fhwfgL jf gfdfs/0fsf] a] nf ;+3Lotfsf] dd{df s] lGbt /x] / x'g'k5{, cd's bn cd's If] qsf] kIfdf xf] Og, ca of] u'gf;f] / ;+3if{sf] ljifo aGb} g .Ú ;efd'v / pk;efd'v bnsf] x'g'kg{] km/s ;+ljwfgdf AofVof eP klg clxn] ;jf] {Rrdf ljrf/fwLg cj:yfdf d'2f /x] sfn] s] xL af] Ng gldNg] atfpg'eof] . of] ljifo Pdfn] / dfcf] jfbL Pstfkl5 dfq} plAhPsf] ;d:of ePsf] eGb} pxf“n] Gofofnon] g} lg0f{o ug{] atfpg'eof] . kb] z;efn] klxnf] / bf] ;F] clwj] zgaf6 !% j6f ljw] os kf; u/] sf] / kb] z nf] s;] jf cfof] usf] ljw] os ;ldltdf c8\lsPsf] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .

!! hgfla?4 ;fj{hlgs ck/fw d'2f o'uaf]w ;dfrf/bftf b]pv'/L, @% ;fpg . /fhk'/ ufp“kflnsf j8f g+= $ df]tLk'/sf :yfgLojf;Lx?n] dlGb/ agfpg rflxg] afn'jf 5]ps} vf]nfaf6 Nofp“bf kx/Ln] Hofblt u/]sf] cf/f]k nufPsf 5g\ . ;fpg !) ut] / To;kl5 b'O{ lbg;Dd Onfsf kx/L sfof{no u9jfaf6 k'u]sf] kx/Lsf] 6f]nLn] :yfgLojf;Lx?nfO{ ql;t agfpg] sfd u/]sf] cf/f]k nufPsf x'g\ . u9jf ufp“kflnsfsf] kf“r nfvsf] ah]6df df]tLk'/ rf}/fxfdf b'uf{ dlGb/ agfpg yflnPsf] xf] . of] dlGb/ agfpg vf]nfjf6 afn'jf Nofpg glbP/ 3/df /fv]sf] 6«]S6/ ;d]t n}hfg yfn]kl5 ljjfb a9]sf] :yfgLon] atfP . …dlGb/ agfpg afn'jf sxf“af6 Nofpg] < 5]pd} vf]nfaf6 Nofp“bf klg olt w]/} Hofblt ;xg'k¥of]Ú– dlGb/ lgdf{0f pkef]Qmf ;ldltsf cWoIf lx/fnfn ofbjn] eGg'eof]– … xfdLn] h];LaLjf6 sfd u/]sf lyPgf},+ 6]S6/df a]Nrfn] nf]8 u/]/ nu]sf lyof}+ .Ú kx/Ln] :yfgLo dlxnfx?nfO{ ;d]t ceb Jojxf/ u/]sf] cf/f]k pgLx?sf] 5 . t/ otf Onfsf kx/L sfof{no u9jfn] eg] /flt ! ah] vf]nfdf h]l;jLaf6 gbLhGo j:t' pTvgg\ ul/Pkl5 To;df ;+nUg ;jf/L ;fwg lgoGq0fdf lng vf]Hbf ufp“n]x?n] kx/Lsf]

sfddf cj/f]w l;h{gf u/]sf] atfPsf] 5 . …9'u+ fhGo j:t' pTvggdf /f]s nfu]sf] cj:yfdf u}/sfg'gL9+uaf6 pTvgg ePsf] kfOPkl5 /fltsf] ;dodf xfdL k'u]sf xf}+ . h]l;jL rfns / ;xrfns efu]sf lyP . /ftel/ Toxf“ a;]/ laxfgkv h]l;jL Nofpg vf]Hbf kx/LnfO{ /f]Sg] sfd eof]Ú– Onfsf kx/L sfof{no u9jfsf kx/L kd'v k~rnfn uf]n]n] eGg'eof]– …d :jo+ :k6df lyP“ . kx/L sd{rf/L;lxt ddfly klg cfqmd0f eof] . kx/Ldfly xftkft ug],{ b'Jo{jxf/ ug{], kx/L sfd sf/jfxLdf afwf l;h{gf ug{] la?4 ;fj{hlgs ck/fw zLif{sdf d'2f btf{ u/]sf 5f}+ .Ú Onfsf kx/L sfof{no u9jfn] !! hgfla?4 ;fj{hlgs ck/fw zLif{sdf d'2f btf{ u/]sf] 5 . lhNnf kzf;g sfof{nodf d'2f btf{ ePsf] 5 . pTvggdf kof]u ePsf] elgPsf] ;jf/L ;fwg kx/Lsf] lgu/fgLdf ufp“kflnsfdf /flvPsf] 5 . kx/L sfof{non] cfjZos sf/jfxLsf nflu lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldltdf kq;d]t n]lv;s]sf] 5 . o;}aLr z'qmjf/ dlGb/ lgdf{0f:yn / :yfgLo jfl;Gbf;“u 36gfsf] af/]df a'em\ g clwjQmf kbLk uf}td, gful/s ;dfh bfªsf pk;+of]hs gLdaxfb'/ yfkf;lxtsf] 6f]nL k'u]sf] lyof] .

(RO+UV, RO, UV+UF)

xfdf d] lzgsf kljlwx?n] efO/;, AofS6] l/of, kf] 6f] hf] jfnfO{ !))Ü gi6 ub{5 . d] lzg h8fg kl5 ;le{; / :k] / kf6{;\ klg pknAw 5g\ . olb tkfO{sf] kfgLnfO{ TDS Meter åf/f l;Q} df kfgL kl/If0f u/fpg rfx'gx' G5 eg] xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf] ;\ .

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JAPAN

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