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01


Four Personas

Partition by Personas’ Goals

Liangbai Scenario “We create handicrafts in workshop to decorate the park!”

Li Mingde--Family

“I enjoy the diverse scenery leading by different doors.” “This Graffiti Wall bears our memory.”

Liu Meng--Social Life “Meditation in nature is a part of my life.”

Qin Juan--Aesthetic Pleasure

“I enjoy new ways of viewing the surrounding!”

Liang Bai--Creation

“Ordinary scenery seems different when I am on this choppy road!”

Activities ensuring the goals Restraunt Orchard Ranch Interactive wandering

Card & Board Picnic Fishing Sports

Scenery Meditation Scenery wandering Bicycle wandering

Graffiti Exploring wandering Creation workshop

Recreation Gathering

Relax outside Bar Party

“Stack of wheat Entrance always attracts me!”

“Passing through the opening with arms raised high cheers me up!”

“I enjoy taking different paths when I am in different mood!”

02


Qin Juan Area-- Red land & Crop circle landscape

Center island

overall placement considering the different views from different directions

further arrangement of mountains and trees

model made with soil

Bare red land

Ploughing texture

Tractor as sculpture

Line of pine trees

03


Site location

Man-land relationsip

Key protected objects

Tourist area strategy

Crisis

Rare and endemic vegetation

Landscape intervention--Home, Spot, Path

Jiaozi Mountain

hunting

picking

Form. Abies georgei var. smithii

Aa variation of Abies georgei Orr which is an endemic species of China, it is a rare residual species. Those growing in Jiaozi Mountain is an edge species type that lies in the southest of Abies georgei Orr distribution area.

grazing

Form. Lithocarpus craibianus, Illicium simonsii

logging

As a new formation of mid-montane humit evergreen broadleaved forest in Yunnan Province, it is the most rare and endemic vegetation type in Jiaozi Mountain. It also has rich species diversity and is home to many wild animals and macrobes.

still poor resource waste

Spot

Form. Rhododendron rubiginosum

environment damage

local people

Home

Strategy

As the origin of many streams, it plays an importan role in soil and water conservation. It has rich species diversity and some of them are rare and endangered. It also has high ornamental value.

Scenic site rotation mechanism

Form. Rhododendron fastigiatum Form. Rhododendron siderophyllum Form. Rhododendron racemosum

1st year

8th year

16th year

24th year

32th year

40th year

48th year

56th year

in all these years

Rhododendron shrub is the most representative vegetation of Jiaozi Mountain since it is most widely distributed and has the largest distribution area. It is composed of more than 20 types of Ericaceae plants.

Natural Reserve

Tourist Area

Form. Sabina squamata

It is a rare species in special habitat which cannot be restored once damaged. It is an edge type which lies in the southest of Sabina distribution area.

Protection strategy

Jiaozi Mountain protect environment Natural Reserve

scientific

landscape

support azalea nursery&herb grow industry

income

environmental awareness

to protect Tourist Area

improve living standards

local people

environment protective fund

to replant

to breed& cultivate

04


Home& Spot strategy

Home

Spot

Path strategy

Stopping Point

Pavement

sky

sun&moon

cloud&fog

land

mountain

peak

gorge

cave

hoodos

water

ricer

fall

lake

stream

snow

plan

forest

creature

grassland

seasonal

ancient

landscape

engineering

arch

commercial

relic

sculpture

Inspiration resource

1 follow natives’ paths

2 research landscape resources of all types pasture

3 grade them

5 locate Home sites for the first rotation circle

lake

wood

stream mountain hoodoos

Mark& Direction

4 conclude six representative landscape types of Jiaozi Mountain

6 locate Spot sites for the first rotation circle

They donnot define a path, they simply borrow a path to move and a place to stay.

They share one same destination yet have different paths.

Material

7 adjust Home&Spot site location according to the site slop and the distance between them

8 put Stopping Point along the path

05


Listen, the rope is talking!

Here is a site for Spot!

“You are here

“Have a walk !”

Site

“Follow me!”

“Look !”

“Follow me !”

Strategy

06


Here is a site for Home! site

Yard Type

story of the process- video

It stars with a big bell hung on a big azalea tree...

Yards grew around the first house in layers.

A second house was generated.

We happen to see children climbbing the rock and decide to make the wall under constructing a slope.

We saw children playing stones and decide to stop constructing the unfinished wall leaving some stones.

A new yards generated new possibilities.

In constructing the third house, a tree helped us!

Then a yard of azalea trees was generated.

The forth house was generated.

We create a back yard for it which leads to the nearby azalea foretsts.

In this yard we planted a different azalea tree species.

We welcomed the stream to enter our yards.

07


Concept development I

Concept development I

「互」

「互」

「錯臨」

「錯臨」

「重疊」

「重疊」

Luxi city Luxi city

Luxi old town Luxi old town

Site Site

old town map in Qing dynasty old town map in Qing dynasty

historic places historic places

unite existing historic places in old town unite existing historic places in old town

unite existing historic places in siteexisting historic places in unite site

create a garden around every historic create aplace garden around every link themplace with an avenue historic 「臨洞」 link them with an avenue 「臨洞」

Research on local Space

Research on local Space Type

「澗臨」

「澗臨」

「懸臨」

「懸臨」

「錯疊」

「錯疊」

「疊洞」

「疊洞」

Concept development II 「垂臨」

「垂臨」

「垂疊」

「垂疊」

「臨洞」

「臨洞」

“inter-“ syntax makes in「轉」 ter-figure&ground structure 「轉」

“vertical hang” syntax generates layers of garden system

the first layer

the second layer

the fifth layer

the fifth layer

Local construction vocabulary & syntax

Local construction vocabulary and syntax 「园筑」 Vocabulary “cavity” “cave”

「句法」 “platform”Syntax “turning”

“yard” “kiosk” 「院」 “kiosk” 「亭」 “yard”

「园筑」 Vocabulary “cavity” 「窟」 「洞」 「句法」 「臺」 「轉」 Syntax “cave” “platform” “turning” 「窟」

「洞」

「臺」

「轉」 「互」

「互」

「疊」「院」 「疊」

“pavillion” 「樓」 “pavillion”

「亭」

「臨」

「臨」

「洞」 「洞」

「樓」

「轉」

“corridor” 「廊」 “corridor” 「廊」

「轉」

the third layer 「互」 「互」

“inter-”

“inter-”

「錯臨」 「錯臨」

「澗臨」 「澗臨」

the fourth layer

「垂臨」 「垂臨」

“ravin face”

“vertical face”

「懸臨」 「懸臨」

“stagger face”

「垂疊」 「垂疊」

“hang” “hang face” 「重疊」 「重疊」

“vertical hang” 「錯疊」

「錯疊」

“opposite hang” 「臨洞」

“stagger hang”

「臨洞」

“face”

“hollow”

“face hollow”

「臨洞」 「臨洞」

“face hollow” 「疊洞」

「疊洞」

“overlap hollow” 「轉」

「轉」

“turn”

“turn”

skectch study of sight and traffic, interaction between construction and surrounding

spatial-garden system

plan

spatial-garden block

08


Dian Opera Garden

east-west sight line

he she

n. of ts y.

south-north sight line

reserve Dian Opera troup

transform Luxi theatre

transform staff quarter

site building strategy

sight line between constructions

sight line

placement of water and trees

placement of water & trees

plan

plan

09


The house’s growth story

A place lies among mountains and lakes.

A house is born by will of interacting with nature.

She wants to meet nature in peace and escape from daily trifles. Then a corridor appears.

She wants to keep some nature in arms, then a patio appears.

She wants to embrace nature in everyday life, so a branch patio and corridor grow from the trunk.

When the last patio is born, she hears nature flowing inside her, echoing.

Sense organs-- patios & corridors Patio I

Patio II

Patio I is the arms of the house. It embraces nature and completes itself with the right hand on the left arm and the left on the right.

Patio III

Corridor I Patio I

Co

rri

Co

rri

do

r

II

do

rI

Corridor I is the eyes of the house. It lets nature in and flies her secret layers of stories.

10


Plan

Cognitive map a

a’

7

10

b

1

8

3

b’

10

7

a

1

a’

the second floor

8

9

5

8

8

9

1 corridor I 2 patio I 3 corridor II 4 patio II 5 patio III 6 hall 7 saloon 8 pavillion 9 platform 10 room

8

10

10

8

the third floor

section a’-a’

4

10

3 1

1

1

the first floor

4

8

section a-a

1 b

3

5

9

6

2

b’

Section

10

3

10

10

the forth floor

section b-b

section b’-b’

11


12


? What’s the possibility of the path linking two spots near at hand?

ancient Chinese time-space view structure

Tortous and loopback paths enlarge space and enrich experience

shape the solid to create the void

an intersting journey with unpredictable possibilities is embeded in the path

13


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