V.Karamushka, O.Pometun, L.Pylypchatina, I.Suschenko
Guide for students LESSONS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
An optional course for 9th graders Secondary schools
Kyiv Publishing House "Education" 2011
This is a rough, non-‐laid out translation intended to give a feel for the content of this Guide for Students.
CONTENTS Section I. INTRODUCTION Topic 1. THE MISSION FIRST MEETING. LEARNING ABOUT THE PURPOSE SECOND MEETING. WHAT SHOULD I BRING WITH ME AT THE TRAVEL
Section II. CREATE YOUR OWN ECOSYSTEM Topic 2. AIR MEETING I. WHY CLEAN AIR BECOMES A PROBLEM MEETING II. HOW CAN I ACT TO KEEP THE AIR Act today! Give the car a rest Facilitate the work of factories oxygen Caring for the green friends We care about indoor air Reduce the use of household chemicals MEETING III. ENSURE THE PURITY OF AIR DURING STARRY TRAVEL Topic 3. WATER MEETING I. WHAT ARE THE WATER RIGHTS IN LIFE MEETING II. HOW CAN I ACT TO CONSERVE WATER Act today! Reduce water consumption over and common needs of the family Reduce water pollution Keeping water in the irrigation Timely repair plumbing MEETING III. HOW TO ARRANGE FOR FRESH WATER DURING FLIGHT Topic 4. ENERGY MEETING I. WHAT IS ENERGY IN THE LIFE OF MODERN MAN MEETING II. YOU CAN ACT TO SAVE ENERGY Act today! Rationally illuminate the apartment Save energy at home Save energy using appliances Reduce the cost of heating Save energy when cooking MEETING III. HOW SAVE ENERGY DURING FLIGHT
Topic 5. FOOD MEETING I. WHAT IS NUTRITION MEETING II. HOW TO FEED OURSELVES AND THE PLANET Act today! Thoughts about the food pyramid Strategic change of menu Putting your urozhaySam a chef MEETING III. HOW TO GET THE POWER SYSTEM WORKING DURING FLIGHT Topic 6. WASTE MEETING I. WHY WASTE ARE DISEASES OF CIVILIZATION MEETING II. WASTE, DAILY LIFE AND EVERYTHING Act today! Buy durable goods Choose the glass container Sort waste Create your own second-‐hand Do not litter Information and propaganda campaign MEETING III. HOW TO USE WASTE DURING FLIGHT Section III. BUILDING A BALANCED ECONOMY Topic 7. ECONOMICS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT MEETING I. HOW TO ENSURE OUR LIFE AND DEVELOPMENT MEETING II. OPTIMIZING CONSUMPTION Act today! We become prudent buyers We choose the durable goods Save on utility bills Do not buy products that harm wildlife Save for useful and interesting
MEETING III. HOW TO ORGANIZE PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES DURING FLIGHT Section IV. SOCIAL LIFE Topic 8. SUSTAINABLE SOCIETY -‐ A SOCIETY FOR EVERYBODY MEETING I. WHAT IS A SOCIETY FOR EVERYBODY MEETING II. ACTION TO MAKE LIFE AND SCHOOL FAIR Act today! We make the rules of Life Class Take an active part in the discussion Life Class How we make decisions Adhere to the rights and responsibilities in school Take part in actions to improve school life, community Take part in the activities of student government MEETING III. HOW TO ORGANIZE OUR SOCIAL LIFE DURING FLIGHT Topic 9. SUSTAINABLE SOCIETY -‐ HEALTHY SOCIETY MEETING I. A HEALTHY PERSON MEETING II. ACTIONS TO MAKE YOU AND THE SOCIETY HEALTHY Act today! Remember the rules of healthy eating We form a healthy lifestyle Remember the simple things that brings health Greet those next to us Let us analyze Looking for treasure in every person We plan our lives Determine the life strategy We support those who are near See the positive in every day -‐ arrange holidays
MEETING III. HOW TO CARE DURING FLIGHT Topic 10. SUSTAINABLE SOCIETY -‐ CULTURAL SOCIETY – RELATIONSHIPS MEETING I. WHY A SUSTAINABLE SOCIETY NEEDS CULTURAL RELATIONSHIPS MEETING II. HOW CAN WE ACT FOR INTER-‐CULTURAL RELATIONSHIPS MEETING III. RELATIONS BETWEEN THE SPACE TRAVELLERS WHEN TRAVELING Topic 11. SUSTAINABLE SOCIETY – A SOCIETY THAT LEARNS MEETING I. WHAT IS A LEARNING SOCIETY MEETING II. HOW TO PROVIDE LIFELONG LEARNING Act today! Learning from others by asking questions Finding information online Use television as a source of information in a cleaver way We read thoughtfully Teaching other Know where, in addition to school, you learn something interesting or useful MEETING III. HOW TO ORGANIZE TRAINING DURING FLIGHT Section V. CHOOSE A NEW LIFESTYLE
Dear friends! Here is the new book with the unusual name "Lessons for Sustainable Development". This means that with the help of this book you within a year can do something for the sustainable development of mankind. You may not yet know what the word sustainable, or sustainable development means? And why is it important for all of us? What are the steps that can be taken for securing a sustainable development? Try to find the answers to these and other questions. Sustainable development could be called an approach to life, where the public interest is aimed at meeting the needs of not only current residents of planet Earth, but also for future generations. For each earthling sustainable development is the need to use wisely any resources necessary for life, in such numbers that we make sure that the resources we leave are sufficient for today and tomorrow. To take action for sustainable development together with the rest of mankind requires that you: o Acquire knowledge about sustainable development and ways to achieve it, recognize the need for preservation of the global balance and involvement in environmental issues and the fate of mankind, o To support the transition of Ukraine's population to sustainable lifestyles means that you need to be engaged in; o forming models of behavior and actions that meet the needs of sustainable development; o Attitudes to the problems of unbalanced development of civilization as personally important, related to your own life, learn and support others to consciously choose actions and actions for sustainable development. Thus, the objectives of each lesson on the subject are -‐ the formation of new ideas for your sustainable development and, if necessary, changes to your habits and behavior. Achieving all of this is primarily the result of your own activity and your willingness to engage in this work. Lessons for sustainable development are not like every other subject, since the quite a lot of your study time is allocated for practice. The information you receive in the classroom, you do not learn by heart, instead you are supposed to consider and figure out how this knowledge can be used not only in your adult life, but today and tomorrow. This work will be supported by many practical problems, exercises, and time for analysis of your own lifestyle. In the classroom you can get new important experience and interesting thoughts only because there is exchange of ideas. You teach each other, working in teams. This implies the
need for you and your peers to be active and tolerant, because every thought and every idea is valuable in working together. It is a good idea to take notes or create your own portfolio and record everything that you thought important, new or something that needs clarification. Capture your thoughts, suggestions, ideas, comments, additions and questions. When studying this subject – read the manual!
How to work with the Book 1. Guidelines, read them through carefully -‐ in the classroom or at home. 2. The manual provides objectives, projects and exercises for the class. Work on the topics in teams or small groups. This way of work will enable both learning and interesting communication. 3. Under the heading you will find the topic for you to collaborate on. theme is introduced by a text with following instructions of actions.
4. At the end of each lesson we are going to do a short check on what we did. Here you'll find tasks with which you can check your level of achievement during the lesson. 5. Some materials of each topic are homework. Choose and work with the topics you think are really interesting (or those that teacher advise you to look in to as they are important for the next lesson). 6. The material for the first meeting on each topic contains a special problem for the group to work on. Choose one of the tasks, join other students who want to work on this topic and plan the project together. 7. Finally on each topic you will find special questionnaires, task -‐ audits for research of your own lifestyle. We hope that these tasks will give you good ideas and useful insights to your work on the topic. We hope that you will have a pleasant journey and that this course will make it possible for you to discover unexpected, important and exciting new ideas. We are confident in your determination to overcome obstacles that you will meet on the sustainable journey.
Section I. INTRODUCTION Topic 1. MISSION MEETING I. About the PURPOSE Have you ever thought about how we live our lifes, how the Earth provides different functions that we humans use in our life? When did you think about it? What are your thoughts and ideas?
When going on this mission, we can’t think only of life on Earth, but also the development of other planets – might there be other species out there? This mission is about you having been entrusted to plan the greatest trip ever by humanity and take part in it. You need to design and equip a spaceship -‐ a huge spaceship, able to overcome incredible long distances. Assume that the trip will take 5000 years. The spaceship can take on board not more than 100 people. Since the trip is planned today, when designing it you can use only known technology. There is no need to worry about flying the spaceship and other technical issues of travel – that is a problem for another group of people. Your goal – build a spaceship fit for a miniature world that would contain a balanced ecosystem, and to organize a harmonious life in the spaceship. 1. You can start this task right now with a “brain storm” and express your ideas by answering the question: "What would you take with you on this trip?" Analyze your suggestions and note down why you chose it. What made you choose like you did? Now divide in to small groups and try to answer the questions once more: 1. What do you take with you to ensure that people can live on the spaceship? 2. Who do you invite to travel? Make lists of your choices and submit to the class, giving reasons for each item. 2. Each suggestion expressed by the groups have a right to exist, and you might need an open minded joint decision on the general plan of preparation. Determine how you can produce: a combination of all opinions, the best variant of each option, choosing one option or find you own way? Discuss these options in general terms and make an open-‐minded joint decision. Reflect on whether it was difficult to have an open joint decision, why? Is it important to follow procedures to come to widely accepted solutions on a spaceship? Why? 3. Divide yourselves into groups of 5-‐6 people -‐ "Starship Team" -‐ and start designing your model. Mark on a diagram or drawing in which parts of the spaceship you place different areas, where members live and work during the flight. Your task -‐ to make the spaceship so comfortable, well-‐planned and full of interesting ideas to other people so they want to fly only on it. Focus on the location of all systems in the spaceship. You don’t have to think about weightlessness as a separate complication of your job, an engineering group will solve this.
Discuss in general terms: do you like to work on the preparation of space flight? What issues do you think is necessary in planning the flight? What should be your next steps?
SECOND MEETING. What should I bring with me on the Space trip? 1. Get back in to the groups in which you created the model of the spaceship. Discuss, do you have new ideas? Make the appropriate changes to your model and present them to the class. When planning the flight, you might have wondered over different spheres of existence and human life on Earth, because our planet is like a space ship, flying in the universe. When planning this trip – have you thought of your everyday life? On your needs and requirement of both you and your family and how you meet them? These considerations – incorporate them in to your plans. To direct and help you get going, we offer a special survey, called the audit (inspection). And please remember, it is an audit -‐ not a competition. In this process there is no "right" or "wrong" answers -‐ only fair or invalid. After processing the topics of the course you will return to these issues again. Maybe in your mind and lifestyle something changes during the year. 2. Take the audit individually, making the necessary pencil marks and answer as accurate as possible. Note down "yes" or "no", and where there are numbers, select one of them (1 -‐ never 2 -‐ sometimes 3 -‐ often 4 -‐ almost always, 5 -‐ always). Just do it quick, this is not the time for reflection. If the claim is unclear – ask your teacher. Audit!!!! Discuss the audit results in general terms. What new plan and ideas for your expedition did you encounter? What else do I need to provide? 3. Get back in to your teams and identify the main things you just found out that you might add to your plan for the space flight. You can present your findings to your class and make sure you put it on your list. Also compare your list to the content in the manual. Do they match? Is there anything more you should consider? Are these issues important for the life of the inhabitants of the spaceship? Why? Refine the teams plans!
Discuss in general terms: Has your vision changed? How? What was this lesson important to you personally? What would you like to tell your friends or parents?
If you're wondering...about the next steps Start research on "air". Work throughout the week with your lifestyle. Write in a notebook the results obtained by the following example. Fill in the table every day. Here is the audit "Air"
Mon Tue Wed
Thu Fri Sat
How many times did I open the window to let in air? How many times did I wet clean the rooms at home? How many times did I use the bike instead of public transport? How many times did I use scented sprays to provide fresh air either in your home or on your body? How many chemicals for home use in powders and aerosol was purchased? How many plants do I take care of in my home? How many times did I use public transport? How many times did my family use our own veichles to transport me?
SECTION II. CREATION OF ECOSYSTEMS Topic 2. AIR FIRST MEETING. Why Clean Air becomes a problem 1. Present results in the teams home audit, answering the question: what and how members of the group and your family usually do to get a good quality of air your homes? Make a list of actions that your group takes to preserve clean air at home. Discuss: What thoughts did this exercise bring to you? Was it something that impressed you, or troubled you? Present the results of our discussions to the class. 2. Discuss in general terms: What does air mean in human life, and in all life on the planet? What role does it play in a space flight? What are the problems with providing air that can occur during your trip? Make a list of such problems. 3. Based on the text, determine the role of air in the life of mankind. What problems currently exist on Earth-‐related air pollution do you think? Which of them will you have to decide on for your space ship?
AIR -‐ MAIN SOURCE OF LIFE Air -‐ one of nature’s resources that support biological life. It is believed that a person can survive without food for a month, without water -‐ up to 7 days and without air no more than 5 minutes. Air protects our planet from hypothermia and harmful ultraviolet radiation. Without it, the sky would be black as night. During the day there would be an unbearable heat, and it would be terribly cold at night. Air – a natural "buffer" between space and surface of our planet, also carrier of heat and moisture. It is also a vital part of photosynthesis and energy exchange -‐ basic processes of life. Through the air, we hear the music, rustling forest, waves of the sea, see the blue sky, a colorful rainbow and blinking stars. Air -‐ a mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide (CO2) and other substances. It also contains a number of gases. Occasionally your air can contain many impurities, including harmful natural ones like volcanic ashes and artificial pollutants, the latter a result of human activity. In recent years, under the influence of human activities for mining and building, intense air pollution is becoming an issue. The main reason is burning, which are used in technological systems (such as domestic heating, burning of fuel by road, making electricity at thermal power plants, industrial production, etc.). Experts say... o The average per capita livelihood release 1.1 tons of greenhouse gases per year. o Receiving every 15 liters of water from the heater is accompanied by the formation of 1 kg of greenhouse gases. o Over the past 100 years humans has sent in to the air; 1.5 million tons of arsenic, 1 million tons of nickel, 900 tons of carbon dioxide. o The combustion of coal into the atmosphere every year creates about 120 million tons of dust. o One car makes about 10 kg of rubber dust. o One truck emits in air 6 cu. m CO carbon monoxide. Equally important is the pollution of indoor air, including carbon monoxide gases, ash, tar and soot, especially if the building is located near congested road. In the air we breathe every day you find chemicals used in everyday life, especially various aerosols tobacco smoke. The air is also full with waste products from humans and animals -‐ dander, pollen, fungi spores, etc. harmful microorganisms such as dust mites, germs and bacteria, including disease.
According to a well known health authority in the Ukraine, the air inside buildings in 4 -‐ 6 times dirtier and 8 -‐ 10 times more toxic than outside. The composition of air quality in residential and office buildings are often a threat to human health, for each of the harmful particles deposited in our lungs and can cause allergies, respiratory diseases and decreased immunity. Millions of people around the world, realizing the need to preserve the air, trying to change their style of life: give up big cars, preferring economic cars and electric vehicles, transplanted on bikes, do not buy aerosols, create attention in their governments to the problems of industrial pollution. Many of these people can say, as known actress Julia Roberts: "I love this feeling at the end of the day when I know that I took another step closer towards getting me to wake up tomorrow with my children in a clean, healthy and safe world." Tasks for the group projects Joining in small groups, choose one of the research objectives for next week. Discuss the plan for the project. Also discuss how to divide the responsibilities division between yourselves. Decide when and how you prepare the presentation of the results of your research. Now let your creativity free! Group 1 Explore that part of the atmosphere essential for human existence and of living things on Earth. Why do we need to control and protect the atmosphere? Present research results of what you found out and make proposals as to how to use this knowledge during the space trip. Don’t forget to show how you reasoned. Group 2 Explore how mankind is polluting the air. What are the solutions to problems we known in the modern world? Present the results of your research in a range and proposing the possible reduction of air pollution during the space trip. Don’t forget to show how you reasoned. Group 3 What are the main actions of people that are causing the increase of CO2 concentration in the air? How does the raised temperature of the planet affect the climate? Present your research in the form of new and exciting information or proposals for consideration about
the needs of understanding and adjusting the life on board to minimize air pollution during space flight. Group 4 Explore to what extent does the things (and their processes connected with the things) you surround yourself with make an impact on the air quality? Present the results of your research in the form of a list of proposals on ways of maintaining a good air quality in the places where you spend the most of your time. Don’t forget to show how you reasoned. Group 5 Explore why the tree is called an oxygen factory. Determine which function the trees holds in your area? What makes the role of the green plants so important in places where there is dust, gases, soot, and wood? Present the results of the research and list information and proposals for using plants and greenery on the space trip. Don’t forget to show how you reasoned. When working in the project 1. Where can I go to find information? Books, periodicals, professionals, including your teachers can be your source of information. Before the assignment, determine what kind of sources will work for you. One of them, that might be new to you is now more accessible and more popular -‐ the Internet. There are three main ways get the work done with the help of the web. First, you can use search engines: Google, Yahoo, Yandex and others. To do this properly write a request in the form of keywords. (To the theme "Air" you find suggestions of the keywords below.) Second, at Internet you can find subject directories created by qualified professionals. Some even accompanied by explanations of experts from different branches of knowledge to help the user to search information. Among them is the English Directory -‐ About.com (www.about.com), which includes thousands of links with cross-‐references to millions of links; Index (www.ipl.org) -‐ 20,000 directories of Internet resources selected by librarians. Also for Russian speaking users the popular (www.allcat.kiev.ua) is an all in one directory, which contains thousands of links to various subjects (business world, home and family, tourism, etc.), directories (www.catalog.freeservers.com ) -‐ a list of directories on different topics (the state, art, science and education) with millions of links and more.
Thirdly, we can turn to the Internet encyclopedias such as Free Encyclopedia (www.ru.wikipedia.org) -‐ with over 700 thousand references; www.poznaymir.com -‐ a specialized encyclopedia for students and school children and others. 2. What to do with the information we found? Go through the material to review and select information that is directly related to your job and question. You briefly formulate the basic idea, give 1-‐2 examples -‐ illustrate to describe them, and write a brief description. If necessary, keep it short and only list facts in a table or plot. 3. How to submit information? You can present the results of your project as a short message (for 2-‐3 min.) You decide within the group ho should do the presentation. Also prepare illustrations – photos, drawings charts or a computer-‐based presentation as a complement (no more than 5-‐7) to accompany the speech. Keywords for searching the Internet to the topic "air": air pollution, clean air, atmosphere, climate change, air quality, trees -‐ "oxygen factory". Discuss in general terms: what during the lesson impressed you? On the questions that interest you, you got answers, and what was not answered? What was your reaction excited, upset? If you are wondering…– what to do next ... Prepare a research project of your group. SECOND MEETING. HOW CAN we act to keep AIR CLEAN? 1. Present the results of the research for project to the class. After each presentation discuss what of your ideas that seem important for planning the trip.
2. For you that have been offered to take part in the space trip it is necessary to prepare for it by taking a look at your own behavior concerning air. This will help you follow these specific steps. Read and discuss in teams about the offered actions. Identify those that appeal to you the most and you choose to do in your daily lives.
Give the car a rest Why act? Did you know that this is a very effective and simple method to improve air quality? Just switch to another kind of energy -‐ your own! This step will help you to become the part of new social movement, what exists today in many countries -‐ from United states to Poland, Sweden and Denmark. Just start walking more often or use a bicycle. When choosing a vehicle for long-‐distance trips the bus is often a better choice than the car, and for local travel, trams, subs and trolley busses are less harmful than diesel buses. How to proceed? § Think about the places that you visit regularly. Note what routes you can walk, rollerblade or cycle to and even ski to in winter. If you replace at least one regular transportation route it means that you instead depend only on your own energy. § Try to replace the habit of "driving” to "thriving" and for moving short distances using public social transportation. § If your local transport is based on electricity (tram, trolley bus, Subway) try to get by with using only them. § Encourage parents to use no car and instead go by public transport at least once a week. If you divide the amount of emissions, for example, a bus for 20 or more passengers, it becomes obvious benefits of such a move for the environment. It also saves money when the car is not used. Facilitate the work of the oxygen factories Why act? Trees are called true oxygen factories. It is estimated that only one tree for 24 hours produces a daily rate of oxygen needed for breathing 3 people. For example, since lilac leaf surface area of 1 square m allocates 1.1 kg of oxygen, aspen -‐ 1 kg, hornbeam, ash -‐ 900 g oak -‐ 850 g pine -‐ 800 g maple -‐ 620 g lime -‐ 470 g for an efficient single tree that grows in favorable conditions can be compared with 10 indoor air conditioners. Creating favorable conditions for trees, we promote effective work for the oxygen factories. How to proceed? § Check near your home or school if there is an area planted with trees, about which nobody cares. § Put on your commercial eye and collect all the garbage and possibly re-‐cycle it, if possible for money.
§ § § §
If there are dead trees that are not taken down, check with the local authorities and see if you can get them or at least permission to take the old ones down and plant new ones. When planting the tree – dig a whole about 60-‐65 cm diameter for the stem. Water the trees and cut dry branches as support for the young tree so that children and adults do not just walk and play at the precise place where you planted the trees. If the summer is dry – water the young trees 1-‐2 times a month. In the autumn you can organize a cleaning of dry leaves for composting. And you might need to put some leaves around the young tree to help it prepare for the winter. You can also trim dry tree branches in the autumn.
We care about green friends Why act? Check out your homes. Don’t you think that useful and beautiful plants that can create a comfortable climate, promote clean air will help you in the fight against disease and harmful radiation could be of good use. The more plants around you, the healthier your life becomes. How to proceed? § Clean the air by plants. A more effective cleaner -‐ Chlorophytum. • Soften the impact of radiation from TV’s and computers – cactus, cypress, arborvitae. • Reduce the number of microbes in the air – geranium, rosemary, aloe. • Neutralize the air of toxins – dyfenbahiya. • They have antifungal properties – laurel, lemon, ficus, ivy. § Check your house where you put a flowerpot. Notice how it is comfortable for plants (the light, or far radiators). § Learn by reading special literature or asking advice from experts about which plants suit your conditions and what care they need. § Select plants that you would like to have at home, buy a pot or something else to plant in (you can use a plastic box). Get ready ground mixture or prepare it yourself by mixing in equal proportions of black soil, peat and sand, and buy seeds or shoots. § Put the plant in the soil and take care of it. § Try once a week to wash the leaves of houseplants or spray them with water. § When needed, plant the plants in new soil and fertilize.
We care about indoor air Why act? People spend more time indoors than outdoors. However, it is proved that the air inside the building dirtier than outside, an average of 2-‐4 times. How to proceed? § When spending time at home, try to open the window every hour for a few minutes. § Never allow smoking indoors, where there are other people. In this case, their health will suffer more damage than those who actually smoke. § During the morning exercises properly ventilate the room for during the intensive exercise we breathe 5 times more air. § Be sure to do wet cleaning, at least once every 2-‐3 days. § Try to clean your room in the morning, and then you breathe clean moist air the whole day. § Ask parents to check and maintain proper operation of kitchen hoods. Clean it at least 2-‐3 times a year, not forgetting to change filters. Reduce the use of household chemicals Why act? Household chemicals, especially in aerosols can be harmful to both air and human health. How to proceed? § Try to convince parents when buying household chemicals to buy liquid or roll on products, avoiding powders and spray. § While cleaning use natural chemicals (you will find recipes in the "Water" theme). § After taking a shower or bath leave the bathroom door left open. During the week you will need to make sure that the proposed actions allow you to take care of the air without lowering the overall quality of life for your family. Make a personal plan of actions for the week, preparing for the tight control of your life during the Stars expeditions. Present your personal plans in the teams.
Using an imaginary microphone, complete the sentence: "For me today was important ...", adding 2-‐3 ideas with lessons learnt that have special meaning to you or your family. If you are wondering…–What to do next ... Choose an action you are interested in, and start to perform. In theory you now know new ways of preserving the purity of the air. THIRD MEETING. How to ensure clean air WHILE TRAVELING in space 1. Discuss in teams: what changes have occurred in your lifestyle and behavior? What are the results obtained during the time that you have been testing your personal plan of action? After completing the task presents group activities. The speaker of each team has to talk about the issues discussed, interesting views expressed during the exercises, and changes in the behavior of the participants. Complete discussion in general terms, on reflection on the responses to the question: do you have new thoughts, ideas during the presentation of the team meetings? Which? 2. Discuss in the teams the changes that you have made to the plan of the space expedition due to all the new ideas that you have gotten in the previous stages of the work on the "Air" theme. Draw your opinion and ideas filed by the chart below. Present the results to the class. AIR Requirements for air quality Threats (problems that may arise) Ways of solving problems Discuss: What are your impressions of the new plans of the teams? What has changed? Why? What (what knowledge, skills) you are missing today for such work? What I would like to know more about? What are your personally insights and learning’s about the theme "Air"?
If you're wondering ... – What to do next Start your research on "Water". Observe your lifestyle for a week. Write in a notebook the results of your observations in the form of the sample that are shown below. Fill in the table every day. Home Audit "Water" 1) Check faucets, pipes, toilets and showers. 2) Check the laundry and other machines that use water. The volume of water How many times I Total, this week per minute, L/min or have used “it” for one inclusion during the day l/time Bathroom X = Toilet X = Shower X = Bath X = Faucets X = Kitchen X = Faucets X = Dishwasher X = Washing machine X = Sum X = 3. Find out how many synthetic substances used in conjunction with water at home. Readings in the table. Synthetic substance
Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
Saturday Sunday Total
Hygiene Washing powder Dishwashing Liquids Solvents, paints
Section IV. SOCIAL LIFE Topic 9. SUSTAINABLE SOCIETY -‐ HEALTHY SOCIETY
FIRST MEETING. A healthy person 1. Present the results in the team home audit, answering the question: does the members of your group have similar or different results? Which? Are you among those who more than anyone care about your health? How? Are there "champions" who are trying to make others and yourself happy? How? Discuss: What thoughts did the home audit about health give inspiration to? Was it something that impressed you, or got you worried? Share the results of the discussion in class. 2. What, in your opinion, does the word "health" mean? What associations do you get? And the word "disease"? Applying brainstorming-‐techniques will probably get many associations to both words above, write your associations on the board and think about them. What thoughts and feelings have they raised? Based on the text, determine how people feel in a society of sustainable development. What is a healthy society? What does this mean? What prevents us to recognize today's society as a healthy one? Could there be similar problems during a space flight? Which ones? What is meant by a healthy society Health -‐ one of the preconditions and result of a vibrant, creative, happy life. A society that is sustainable can be defined as a healthy society. The question of what constitutes the criterion (metric norm) of health is discussed from different points of view. A definition by the World Health Organisation (WHO), health is characterized not merely the absence of disease, it is more the feeling of a complete physical, mental and social welfare. Indicators of good health -‐ high-‐performance, creative activity, optimistic, joyful outlook, the harmonious development of the physical and spiritual powers and qualities, interests and needs. So, if you're happy, eat with appetite, sleep tight, then you are healthy. When you are healthy, and when actively working and feeling well under any circumstances, you can successfully solve the problems that you face in life. According to the famous physician, academician M. Amos, "In the majority of diseases we should not blame nature, not society, but the man himself. However sometimes she suffers from laziness and greed, but sometimes of folly. To be ... healthy, there is a need of her own constant significant efforts. Change cannot be nothing. Man, fortunately, is so perfect that health can almost always return. Essential ... grow with the aging and deepening disease. "
Help the person to be physically healthy and has a society, creating conditions for exercise, healthy eating, prevention and treatment, as well as taking care of environment. Psychological health – a harmony of man both within yourself as well as with the outside world: other people, nature and the cosmos. Psychologically healthy people can govern themselves. Even in the difficult moments of life, it is good to remember that excessive nervousness is injurious to your health. And an irritated person may have a comic appearance, and the excitement does not help to change things for the better. Keeping calm is easier to resolve any issues. Psychologically healthy people know and understand yourself and how good that is, and also your weaknesses. When you are in a good psychological balance you often find you have a natural desire to develop, to reach for something better, to happiness. The path to self-‐knowledge is in each person. You are invited to start the analysis with this assessment of your actions and behavior, observing them. Psychologically healthy people are often seeking personal disclosure. When implementing you -‐ is to make a reality, fully develop all your abilities and opportunities to become a successful person. Realizing the positive traits critical treating your deficiencies, man creates real-‐life plans for improvement. She deliberately answers questions not only "What to do?”, but also "Who to be?" and predicts ways to achieve goals in life. If physical perfection of man has limits, the spiritual – is unlimited. A man's choice is based on her values, as what she believes and sought. If everyday life will be filled, happy and useful – for ourselves, others and society in general -‐ largely depends on the person. Society must promote psychological health to its members, respecting the persons creating the conditions for self-‐development and self-‐realization of their own, supporting talents and abilities, valuing diversity. Social care is another component of well-‐being. It occurs when a person is active and valuable for the other member of family, group, community, and the society in general. Each person takes a certain place that is recognized by others, manifested and they can assert their individuality. The condition of social welfare is a way of regulating social relations, when human rights are recognized, respected in honor and dignity. In socially healthy societies no violence and war is resolving conflicts, there is no reason for it. Today, unfortunately, the world occasionally erupts in ulcerated conflicts. International Court annually examines dozens of cases of human rights violations. Terrorism holds thousands in fear and suspense. The notion of "social welfare" is an incompatible contemporary social phenomenon when poverty, lack of social support, uncertainty about the future exists. Because of the medical progress, humanity can overcome most diseases that undermine physical health and shorten life. But problems in the society harm the psychological health of its members, creating depression, stress and
aggression. Often people themselves do nothing in order to be healthy; most people do not try to get rid of bad habits. The picture would be quite dull if there weren’t many attempts to change this situation. There is a growing movement of supporters of a healthy lifestyle. Very popular is the idea of positive thinking. Some states base their constitution on the principles of human rights and many of them are legislating about protected rights of children and women. There are also programs created and aimed at protecting vulnerable groups: minorities, including ethnic, indigenous peoples, migrants and people affected by conflict and natural disasters. Some companies implement measures to protect the social and psychological health of their employees. There is also learning about leadership skills and conflict mediation. Humanity is at the beginning of the path to a truly healthy society. Tasks for the group projects
Group1 Explore how society can contribute to the preservation and improvement of physical health. Present the results of your research in the form of small information list of proposals to ensure the conditions for maintaining the physical health of the crew during the space trip. Don’t forget to show how you reasoned.
Group 2 Explore how you can think about keeping, maintaining and improving the crew’s physical health. Present the results of your research in the form of small information and make a list of proposals for creating an atmosphere of personal success during the space trip. Don’t forget to show how you reasoned.
Group 3 Explore how society can help preserve and improve psychological health. Present the results of your research in short and make a list of proposals to ensure the conditions for maintaining the physical health of people during the space trip. Don’t forget to show how you reasoned.
Explore how man himself can take care about maintaining and improving their psychological health. Present the results of your research in short and make a list of proposals to create an atmosphere of personal success during the space trip. Don’t forget to show how you reasoned.
Group 5 Explore how society can contribute to the preservation and improvement of social health. Present the results of your research in short and make a list of proposals to ensure conditions for maintaining social human health during space travel. Don’t forget to show how you reasoned. Group 6 Explore how man himself can take care about maintaining and improving their social health. Present the results of your research in short and list the proposals for creating an atmosphere of personal success during space travel. Don’t forget to show how you reasoned. Discuss in general terms: what are the aspects of a healthy society is essential for you? And what is most demanding? If you're wondering ...about the next step… Prepare a research project in your group. SECOND MEETING. HOW can we act to make the SOCIETY AND ourselves healthier 1. Present the results of your class research. After each presentation, discuss: what ideas seem relevant for planning a trip? 2. Since you were just asked to take part in a space travel, you must properly prepare for it. This will make it easier to organize a healthy diet. Read and discuss the actions in the teams. Identify those that each of you will choose for yourself. Remember the rules of healthy eating Why act? Even the common foods like porridge, soup or eggs can be a source for human health and strength when you follow the principles of good nutrition. And there are a number of requirements that
should be considered by anyone who wants to stay healthy as long as possible. The following tips will help you with this. How to proceed? § Take control when you are really hungry. To do this, ask yourself what you would like out more -‐ or carrot cake? If you choose the carrots – the hunger is of a quite "healthy" sort, if you chose the cake – you probably should wait to eat “real” food that could be ready in 30-‐ 40 minutes. § Eat when you are balanced; avoid eating directly after nerve overstimulation, hard work, strong overcooling or overheating. Just have some water and give yourself a moment. § Take your time when eating. Thoroughly chew each piece until it almost disappears in the mouth. Then the saliva begins the partial cleavage of starch and protein. § Eat after the rhythm in your body and the clock – the body is burning the fuel from the food differently during the 24 hours. As a rule of thumb – the last meal should be no later than 2 hours before bedtime. § Try to eat a varied and preferably simple food. Mashed potatoes, soup, noodles and buckwheat porridge bring much more benefit than the daily delights – they are often more difficult for the stomach. § Beautifully milled food by your own teeth. It is sometimes said that every piece of food should be chewed 32 times -‐ as many times as the teeth in the human mouth. § When cooking, pay attention not only taste qualities of foods, but also what grows outside. You can find real jewelry as dill, parsley, etc. and they are most are welcome. Form a healthy lifestyle Why act? Health -‐ an invaluable asset not only to each person, but also to the whole society. It helps to realize our plans to successfully solve basic life tasks and to overcome difficulties. Unfortunately, many people do not follow simple, scientifically based standards of a healthy lifestyle. Remember that your health is dependent on yourself and your own actions. How to proceed? § Alternate work and rest – good both for your mental and physical health. If you spend much time inside during the day it is really good to spend your free time outdoors for relaxation. Some examples of outdoor vacation for urban dwellers; at work in the garden, go hiking and making excursions at least by walks around the city in parks, stadiums and etc. § Care about yourself and sleep least 8 hours a night. Do not treat sleep as a reserve from which to borrow time for certain matters. § Make time for physical activity, at least for morning exercises. A short daily exercise – a mandatory minimum of physical activity and it can become all the same habit as washing. § Find your way to harden the body. For example, systematic air bath or water treatments.
If you live in the city, use the opportunity of a multistory building: always go down the stairs. If you live on the lower floors, for example on the second, third, or fourth, always use the stairs.
Remembering the simple things that support health Why act? Most of us spend a big part of life indoors, missing out one of the most healing forces of nature -‐ sunlight. Just remember how the sunlight makes your mood rise in the spring, when the days are sunny and warm. Those who spend a lot of time indoors with artificial lighting know that quality of the light is important not only for your vision but also your health. If a person is working for a long time in low light, the eye adapts to it, and it is -‐ one of the reasons for poor vision. To prevent problems choose a light source in the range as close to natural light as possible. Studies have shown that halogen lamp has the right characteristics; a spectrum very similar to the sun. It turns out that buzz -‐ it's also a kind of garbage. Maximum allowable safe level of sound is 80 decibels, which is often the kind of sound level you get from the alarm clock, baby cry and sound of emergency braking. For housing the normal level is about 20-‐30 dB at night and 40 dB during the day. Increased background noise is pollution of the environment and along with other stress factors it can lead to reactions in the nervous system, increasing pressure, increased heart rate, development of chronic fatigue and deafness. According to some estimates, about half of neurosis is a consequence of prolonged noise. According to experimental results, strong electromagnetic fields disrupt certain parameters in the cardiovascular, endocrine and nervous system of humans. These fields are created by trams, trolleybuses and numerous appliances that surround us in everyday life, like mobile phones. They affect the immune system, sexual function, and circulatory system. There are also indications and data about cancer and genetic effects caused by strong electromagnetic fields. How to proceed? § On sunny days, get more of the fresh air and open the windows to let the light fill the room. But always be cautious: limit the stay under the direct sunrays, especially in the midday hours. This will reduce the risk of burns, heat stroke and harmful effects on the skin due to excess of ultraviolet radiation. § When replacing the lamp if possible switch to halogen lamps. § Use lamps upward to reflect light off the walls and ceiling for increased illumination. § Make Sunday picnics in good company (eg, classmates) to break from the hustle and enjoy the silence and the sounds of nature. § Follow the sound level when using video and audio at home. § Sit no closer than 1-‐1.5 m from the TV. § Get outlets that "sparks" repaired. § Do not place the bed near the outlet. § Use safety goggles when working with your computer.
§ § §
Take a walk or ride a bike for short trips, only use electric transportation (train, trolleybuses) when moving long distances. Spend less time talking on a cell phone close to your head and try a headset instead. Keep your cell phone in your bag or briefcase, away from the body.
Respect those who are close to us Why act? We live in a society and are constantly interacting with other people -‐ at home and at work, transport and store, in class, and finally in the family. Following the golden rule -‐ do not do to others what you do not want yourself -‐ you will save yourself from many problems. How to proceed? § Create goodwill based on your relationships with other people. § Practice to give more than take in your relationships. § Rejoice in all manifestations of life. Self-‐improvement -‐ your inner choice. In this work – don’t rush because largely success depends on you; so don’t put to much pressure on yourself at once. Analyze yourself Why act? The sign of psychological health is how the person knows and understands herself. Absolutely normal is the desire to change, to reach for something better. A development begins with self-‐ knowledge, awareness of what / who I am now. You can learn by watching yourself, analyzing your actions and behavior and evaluating them. How to proceed? ü Take a sheet of paper. Divide it in half. ü In one column, write down the traits, abilities, and skills that you think your forte. In the second -‐ the qualities that you are not satisfied with and want to change. ü Think about what you would like to change in the first place and how you can begin to act in this direction. Starting work with clearly imaging what should be the end result of your changes. ü Make a step-‐by-‐step plan for making changes, defining specific times. Try to follow this plan, tracking every stage of its progression.
Looking for treasure in every person Why act? Research shows that many people suffer from a perception that they are not appreciated, that other think badly of them and only criticize. However, everyone is pleased when friends and acquaintances recognize their positive traits, qualities and talents. Often while communicating with people is quite easy to find what is worth capturing so this is one way of looking for treasures in every person. And you probably think it is much more pleasant to be among people you value. How to proceed? When communicating with someone, try to find at least two or three positive traits or skills (which perhaps you would like to develop in yourself). Try to evaluate the person objectively, even if your relationship or overall impression of her is negative. At the following meeting with the person, remember the positive things that you saw in her. When possible tell her about it, and your relationship definitely will improve. We plan our lives Why act? "To the ship that does not know where to sail, no wind will be fair" -‐ once said by the philosopher Seneca. Everyone has to choose for you a particular action and eventually -‐ life. Before you start to do something, you need to determine your intentions, goal and choose behavior. But the main thing is to act as intended and planned. How to proceed? § Take a sheet of paper. Divide it into two columns. § Write down in the first column what you are doing during the week, and in the second column -‐ what you want to achieve in life. § Compare two columns and determine which of your everyday actions "works" to achieve life plans, and how much time is spent in vain. § Try to outline specific plans for the near future that really bring you closer to important life goals. § Now plan the steps for their implementation. Begin to act with the knowledge that you are working on an important goal. Determine a vital strategy Why act? Watching people it is easily noticed that some always achieve their goals, confidently moving forward, day after day and year after year, changing themselves and their lives for the better. Even temporary setbacks do not stop their movement and deprive them of confidence. Others -‐ always doubt in their own ability and complain about the circumstances and environment, the lack of ability.
To learn how to confidently go forward, it is important to imagine your life goals and plan activities to achieve them considering both external factors and capabilities. This exercise can help in acquiring these skills. How to proceed? Fill in the table below. In the first stage, select and note the target or multiple targets (I want) in the following areas: physical, interpersonal, social and educational. The next stage is the analysis of individual capabilities necessary to achieve a goal (I can), and identify the main obstacles (too). In the final step, make a plan of action to achieve the goal: one day, week, month, year or five years.
I can Obstacles (help) 5 5 Years
Action plan 1 1 Month Week
Physical Interpersonal Social Educational
We support those who act together Why? Each of us has experienced moments of bad temper, frustration and sadness. At this time the person is not capable of constructive behavior, cooperation, adequate perception of the world. And the best way out of this situation is the support from another person. When you make it gentle your help can become a wonderful remedy for emotional distress. Offer to share the issues and avoid leaving the person alone with the problems. How to proceed? § Ask the to share the issue. § Ask if you cannot help somehow. § Suggest a walk and talk in the city. § Make a small gift. § Suggest new music (see the new movie). § Tell a funny story. § Offer your version. Indicate the positive every day Why act? People evaluate themselves differently, some -‐ positively, others -‐ negatively. The more positive perception you have about yourself, the better and more confident you feel in life, and vice versa. So
those who think positively, even after the catastrophic failure never say to themselves, "I failed because I'm a fool". Most think that the failure is the result of errors that you can anticipate and avoid to do better next time. A person with positive thinking is pretty well prepared for life's trials rest confident on the future. He objectively evaluates himself and his opportunities and if he notices a lack of any talent, he doesn’t get too upset, but simply diverts to those areas in which his skills will work better. How to proceed? Throughout the week, evaluate everything that happened to you with a positive perspective. Even in situations that you can feel as failure for yourself, you can probably say: "I'm satisfied to 1%." Every step, every achievement, even if it is very small at first glance is development, and hence there is reason to be proud of yourself.
Arrange holidays Why act? Our life often resembles a carousel, hurtling around in circles. Days can be very monotonous, and people tend to get tired of the repeatability in actions and situations. To overcome this fatigue we can introduce unplanned calendar holidays. The reason for the celebration can be anything. How to proceed? § § §
Make a list of what can be a reason for celebration. Use this list to find opportunities. Remember: Holiday is always with you.
Some suggestions to start your list of celebrations: ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü
a sunny day or a new moon good mood new shoes or shirt the first of each month the tender lilac (daffodils, magnolia, tulips ...) good work premiere of a film the start of sales of Christmas decorations birthday of a beloved cat, dog, hamster, etc. the first snow the birthday of an outstanding person name day (birthday) anniversary of friendship
3. During the week, you need to check that the proposed and other actions you have chosen allow you to follow a healthy lifestyle. Make a personal plan of actions for a week, preparing for the Stars expeditions. Present it to the team. Complete self-‐assessment sheet using your favorite Internet smilies Criteria for evaluation I can explain all the key concepts of the theme I am able to convince people of the necessity of a healthy lifestyle I know how to positively affect the health of my family and friends I'm trying to live a healthy lifestyle after the lesson I decided to change some habits I believe that my health is very important I have enough willpower and desire to always take care of my health
If you're wondering ...about the next step Choose actions you are interested and start the actions. Now you know new ways to enhance your health. THIRD MEETING. HOW TO MAINTAIN HEALTH DURING FLIGHT 1. Discuss in teams: what changes have occurred in your lifestyle and behavior? What are the results obtained during a personal plan of action? After completing the task above, present the activities of the team. The speaker of each team is invited to talk about the issues discussed, interesting points that occur during operation, and changes in the behavior of the participants. Complete the discussion in general terms, on reflection on the responses to the question: did you get new thoughts or ideas during the presentation of the team meetings? Which?
2. Discuss in teams that the changes that you make in your expeditions plan is according to what you have done in previous stages of the work on "sustainable society -‐ a healthy society." Draw your thoughts using the list of proposals for rules of life in a spaceship. Make drawings, diagrams, essays on the topic "What is it -‐ a healthy person," etc.. Presents the results of the class. Make a list of rules of the community on a spaceship that would ensure the health on board of the interstellar expedition. Give a name to the document. Consider how you should organize it.
Discuss: What are your impressions of the new plan of command? What has changed? Why? What (what knowledge, skills) you are missing today for this kind of work? What I would like to know more? What are your personally learned lessons from the theme "Sustainable society -‐ healthy society"?
If you're wondering ... Start your research on "Sustainable society -‐ a society of cultural relations." Observe your lifestyle for a week. Write in a notebook your observations. Fill in table 10. The peculiarity of this audit is that, filling it in at night, you have to remember the main events of the day. Even when you forget something -‐ do not worry. The main thing is that observations and reflection can be an important tool in maintaining your health and the health of others.
Home Audit "How is my relationship with others?" Monday
Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
How many times during the day did you show tolerance or decided to not take part in a conflict? How many conflicts have you managed to resolve or avoid? How many times have you taken a leading role? How many
times have you worked as a team, performing various roles? In how many situations you tried protecting rights and dignity? What was the situation when you remind yourself: "My rights end where another person's rights begin?" How often do you get happy because people around you are different from you and contributed because of their differences?
Topic 10. SUSTAINABLE SOCIETY -‐ CULTURAL SOCIETY – RELATIONSHIPS
FIRST MEETING. WHY A SUSTAINABLE SOCIETY NEEDS CULTURAL RELATIONS 1. Present the results of the home audit in the teams, answering and discussing the question: What thoughts did this kind of research rise? Whether it was something that impressed you or the other way around? Present the discussion to the class. Based on the text define the components of society cultural relations. What is the value of human relations? What's by far the largest threatens human relations in society? Could be a similar problem during the flight, which ones? What is the value of good RELATIONS Say, are not you getting scared when you have seen in modern horror films an army of soulless clones – all with one face, no thoughts and feelings of hesitation, obedient toys in somebody's cruel hands ... Happiness that the world is not like that! It is colorful and polyglot, beautiful in its uniqueness and with cultural diversity. Vasyl Symonenko wrote about it: Gentle my loud melancholy, passionate, mute, gentle and affectionate, and cruel, Give me my space and restlessness, Sun greedy pour soul! What unites this diverse world of human society? Cherished values: common morality, respect for human rights, respect for cultural traditions, tolerance, i.e. tolerance to other opinions, views, etc… Tolerance -‐ an essential condition for peace and harmony in the family, team and society, because social relationships are constantly changing, creating a harmony, a unilateral advantage, and even direct clash of interests. Different people – means different views on life, work, love and so on. Do we always respect the opinions and views of others, their feelings, rights and needs? Should we seek another person mirror your views? Is it a good idea even if their view is the opposite of mine? Must we show hardness or be a conformists? At the beginning of the 21th century, mankind begins to understand that the Earth is not so large, all people -‐ neighbors and the planet -‐ our home, should be protected. In order to do guard our planet we need to combine efforts to find common ground on how to do it. In the endless sea of cultures the ideas for modern human tolerance has become a kind of lifeline
that enables us to live in harmony with others. Today each indicator of a democratic state is measured by the level of tolerance -‐ religious, ethnic, ideological, etc… For each individual tolerance as a trait of character is the key to a successful life, because it helps in avoid conflicts and in building friendly relations with different people. Take a look at conflicts you have been involved in and ponder: How would events have evolved, if you showed more tolerance? Chances are, you might find that you wouldn’t have had to engage in a real conflict. However, is it really possible to live without any confrontation? Because people are different it can be very difficult to consider everybody’s interests and differences. Indeed, conflict is always a manifestation of contradictions, a disagreement between two or more people or ideas. However, it does not necessarily have to lead to quarrels. You can always (even in situations of acute conflict) remain in a position of interaction, dialogue. We can learn to resolve conflicts in the interests of both parties by mutual tolerance for consensus or compromise. Recognizing that every person has absolutely the same rights as you, should be as natural as breathing for a modern culture. United Nations General Assembly in 1948 proclaimed inalienability and inviolability of basic human rights. The Constitution of Ukraine holds a formulation about our duties as citizens: "Do not encroach upon the rights and freedoms, honor and dignity of other people." Unfortunately, the facts of violation of human rights continue to be the focus of the courts, the media and the international community. The endeavor to protect human rights as the highest social value is still important in the democratic state and the entire world community. In addition, a world that is rapidly changing requires new modern human qualities. Teamwork, communication skills, the ability to take responsibility for the outcome of the work and a commanding presence -‐ that is what most employers want today, and it is no coincident. Information technologies are changing our world. Routine work is increasingly translated into microprocessors. We are left with no choice but to become stronger, more responsible, constantly learn, to change, to improvise, to take your destiny into your own hands – and that is to be leaders. T. Peters described the leadership: "It's like love ... Thirst. Enthusiasm. Appetite for life. Involvement. Striving for perfection. Great ideals and great achievements. Insatiable thirst for change. " This is a choice that people have to make for themselves and feel for.
2. Imagine that during the travel, it is decided by the space captain that a Museum of Human Rights should be established in order to explain and remind everyone that the duty of every member of the team is to – respect and honor the other members of the flight, their rights and freedoms. Working in your teams, create (draw, describe, or choose from materials available to you) two or three exhibits for the museum. Remember that what you choose to display can be anything from the everyday life in the community and related to questions of your freedom and safety. Prepare a presentation of the exhibits. 3. Choose one of the animals from this list: fox, wolf, monkey, pig, skunk, snake, rat and dolphin. Prove that this animal is very valuable for space travel and it is necessary to bring it on board the spaceship. Present your reasoning to the class and try to convince the others of your cause. Once all participants will have heard the presentations, discuss whether they could convince you that it is necessary to take all animals? Why? Is it difficult to prove the value of each of the animals? What conclusions can you make about the natural diversity? Can you say the same about human society? Why? Why is the diversity of a society always a resource? 4. Discuss in small groups what "tolerance" means to you. Invite the class to make a short, but capacious definition. Try also to workout a couple of models of tolerant behavior. To you help you find some Scenarios below, analyze them by choosing an answer and explain why. When you have chosen a couple of strategies -‐ date the definition with a "tolerance limit". Scenario 1 Dmitri hasn’t got typical guy hair – it is too long. How to handle those who do not like his style? Here are some variants… • Continuing to show a negative, almost aggressive, attitude to recommend change in his hairstyle. • Go with the fact that people have the right to express themselves and can do anything with their own hair. • Require him follow the general style of clothing and hairstyle in school. Scenario 2 Oksana often skips classes without good reason. How do I treat this? Here are some variants… • Condemn the actions of a pupil. • Assume that it is -‐ a personal matter Oksana and don’t interfere. • Jus be responsive to the problems of Oksana and gradually encourage her to continue the process of learning.
Scenario 3 Vadim often shows disrespect for others, for example by being rude to his comrades. What to do? Here are some variants… • Try to avoid communication with Vadim. • Reply to rudeness with rudeness. • "Swallow" his outbursts and carry on with student awareness efforts. 5. Work in teams and consider today's lesson and exercises by identifying actions that you can make a part of your life to prepare for cultural relations during space travel. First think of the name of the action and make a short (from 2-‐3 sentences) text explaining why you should act that way. Then specify recommendations on how to do it. Why act? How to proceed? Compare thoughts with other teams and complement your list of recommendations. Discuss in general terms: what feelings, thoughts did today's lesson raise? Is it easy to work on creating a list of actions? What are the advantages and disadvantages of the actions suggested by all groups? What do you personally get from compiling such a list? In what situations might these skills come in handy? If you're wondering ...about next step 1) Choose one of the proposed actions you are interested in and start the task. This can support you in how to get new ways to improve relationship with others. 2) Check yourself with the test: Are you tolerant towards others? 1. If someone makes a rude joke, what is your reaction? a) perceive it as a joke b) get offended 2. Do you enjoy being around people that mostly care about their own interests? a) yes b) no. 3. You annoying people who ob'yidayutsya on a holiday? a) not b) so that more of them are not invited.
4. If a buddy that was presented in your company is trying to become the center of a party what do you think about it? a) he/she is a sassy b) I appreciate it. 5. Your pretty boring girlfriend often asks you to go with her to the doctor or shopping. What do you respond to her request? a) she could sometimes run her errands herself b) I'm busy 6. At a party someone begins to describe the benefits of past years, talking about the ideals that you think long obsolete. How do you respond? a) say that his/her opinion is offensive according to your more democratic views b) try not to listen and will leave as soon as possible. 8. If you have organized a game with friends, you want to: a) that all gets to play b) only those who know the game get to play 9. What do you think of extravagant people? a) they behave in an intentionally and forced way b) are different from ordinary people. 10. What is your opinion about people who lost a job? a) that it can happen to everybody b) he/she probably did not perform their duties. 11. Do you naviduyetesya people, ideas, culture and lifestyle of your opposite? a) rarely b) frequently. 12. Would you call someone "stupid" who is working in rehabilitating drug addicts? a) yes; b) no. 13. Do you often need to raise your voice to advocate your point of view? a) yes b) no. 14. Do you like the news? a) yes b) no. 15. Do you agree with the fact that many people are unable to perform their duties? a) yes b) no. Get answers to one point for each answer by following table: 1a 2b 3a 4b 5b 6b 7a 8a 9b 10a 11b 12b 13a 14a 15b Evaluation of results
10 to 15 points. You have a flexible mind because you respect the thoughts and deeds that are different from yours, provided that they do not harm your will -‐ otherwise you have to tactfully intervene. Your patience is above average. Perhaps you have such a liberal mindset because of a cultural interest or a long stay abroad. Unfortunately, those who don’t know you well might take your tolerance for weakness, trying to benefit on it. From 5 to 9 points. You are a tolerant person who can understand views that are different from yours. You like to compare your ideas to the ideas of others. Even if a situation is very tense, you try not to be too aggressive. But even if you try to avoid discourtesy or brutality and use your patience, you will not miss the occasion to tell the truth to those who hurt you. From 0 to 4 points. You are very straight forward and you have clear principles you uphold firmly, even when not necessary. You have difficulties to calmly talk with someone of an opposite opinion. You get easily excited over nothing and might start screaming. No matter what, you try to impose your point of view, but if it isn’t appreciated, you just leave, slamming the door. Your behavior is rarely sympathetic. SECOND MEETING. HOW CAN WE ACT to establish cultural relations 1. Discuss in teams: what changes have occurred in your lifestyle and behavior? What are the results obtained during the execution of the personal plan of action? After completion of the task present the results of the group activities. The Rapporteur of your team should talk about the issues discussed, interesting moments that occurred during the work and the changes in the behavior of the participants. Complete the discussion in general terms, on reflection over the responses to the question: did you get new thoughts, ideas during the presentation of the team meetings? Which? 2. Think about what associations you have when you hear the word "conflict" and draw them. Present the pictures to the class and explain exactly what you portrayed and why. Discuss; what is conflict? What are its symptoms? What are its causes and consequences? Draw an iceberg, remembering that from 1/5 to 9/10 of the ice slab is under water. Think about what the association means to you, and write them in the form of a series of adjectives (an iceberg that is?). Look at the list you compiled: Are there characteristics that could be attributed to the "concept" conflict, why? Imagine that you float on a small ship from point A to point B, and on your way you meet an iceberg. Imagine as many ways (even fantastic) that could help you overcome this obstacle and get to your destination. Record each of the proposed options, while considering its advantages and disadvantages. Is there a list of ideal options? Things to consider before you choose one of them? What do you need to take care of the seafarers in case of a collision with an iceberg? What information do they need to learn and how? Consider your plans for avoiding danger and think about whether you can use it in situations of conflict. Imagine what it will look like, which will now be the advantages and
disadvantages of each option. Recall what the sailors had to do in order to avoid dangers of meeting an iceberg, and suggest steps required to exit the conflict. 3. Well, what would you do if you still got a conflict at hand? How to achieve a positive outcome at the same time keep your mental health? Psychologists offer 10 useful tips that can be applied in any case, from family quarrels or neighbor party to an international conflict. Read and discuss each of the recommendations: how you keep them in your life and to what results it leads? 10 Tips: How to behave in a conflict situation 1. Separate the problem from the person. Nevertheless to interact directly with the person -‐ to look into the eyes of the person you are having a disagreement with is more effective than sending a note or make a phone call. 2. Plan the time and place of your meeting. An inconvenient time and place to discuss problems may only strengthen the issue. 3. Think in advance about your arguments, but carefully make notes of evidence strengthening the opposite side. 4. Use as the criterion of truth conventional standards, not subjective. 5. Do not rush to blame -‐ the negative emotions only complicate the search for the optimal solution. Anger -‐ a bad assistant in a dispute. 6. Avoid expressing condemnation. Remember: "Do not judge -‐ and be not judged." 7. Let your counterpart understand that his/her point of view is heard and understood. This does not necessarily mean that you share it. 8. Be open -‐ discuss all issues, without leaving "a stone in his bosom." 9. Start by resolving the “easiest” problem. The mutual settlement will create an atmosphere of trust and give confidence that complex problems can also be resolved. 10. Together look for and find positive, win-‐win solutions and evaluate the execution together 4. Read the text "Lessons from the geese", opening by one column "Facts" and "Lessons".
FACTS Brushing wings, each goose creates supplementary power for someone who flies ahead. Flying in the shape of the letter "V", a flock can overcome during a day the distance at least on 70% greater than if every bird flew alone. Whenever a goose goes beyond the key, it gets hit hard against the wind when flying alone, and quickly returns. When the ringleader gets tired, he retreats back and let another goose take place ahead. To do contribute in hard work is of good for everyone.
Geese, flying behind, shouting, cheering on those ahead, and keeping pace.
When a goose is weak or injured behind the key, two other gees relentlessly help and protect her and remain with her until she can no longer fly and dies. Only then the geese go on, alone or with another key, until they catch up with their own group.
LESSONS People also need to look for ways and means of how to move together and cooperate with each other so as to achieve shared goals faster and easier.
If people have as much common sense as geese, cooperate with those moving in the same direction which makes it easier to overcome life's obstacles. It is worth to perform complex tasks one by one and share the responsibility of the leadership. Also, as geese, people depend on each other, from the unique combination of abilities and opportunities, talents and resources of each other. It is worth the strive to ensure that our comments are positive, voices from the heart, the result of sincere belief and expressed support for the deep feelings of another person. Such praise is by far the most effective. Groups where there is mutual support are more productive. If people have at least as much common sense as geese, they support each other throughout life's journey.
Discuss with your classmates, what conclusions follow from this text. Note that the use of command sometimes enables possibilities of a more efficient achievement of goals… 5. In every team there is always a leader -‐ a man on whom a lot of things depend. Have you wondered what qualities are necessary for a leader? Spend 5 minutes brainstorming and define such leadership qualities. What do you think about who is a leader? Fill in the test proposed below. Test "Who am I? Captain? Steering? Passenger? " If you want to learn more about yourself, then for every question note a truthful answer: "yes", "no" or "don’t know". 1. I always feel responsible for everything that happens in my life. 2. In my life, there would be so many problems if some people have not changed their attitude towards me. 3. I prefer action rather than reflection on the reasons for my failures. 4. Sometimes I think I was born under an unhappy star. 5. I believe that any problem can be solved, and I really don’t understand those who complain of the difficulties of life. 6. I like to help people because I feel gratitude for what others have done for me.
7. Arguing about who is guilty in a conflict situation usually start with you. 8. Sometimes I think a lot about the people that influenced my life, and me when I choose to follow in their footsteps I got shaped the way I am. 9. I believe that alcoholics are to blame for their illness. 10. If a black cat is crossing the road, I go to the other side of the street and wait for someone in front of me to go first. 11. If I picked up a cold, then I prefer self-‐medication, and do not use the services of a physician. 12. I think that in my aggressiveness I often blame other people. 13. I am sure that everyone, regardless of circumstances must be strong and independent. 14. I know my weaknesses, but I would want the people around me treating them leniently. 15. Usually I myryusya a situation which I can not affect. Calculate the total number of points. For every "yes" answer to questions 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, and also answer "no" to questions 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 15, give yourself 10 points, the answer "don’t know" -‐ 5 points. 100 -‐ 150 points. You are the captain of your own life, feeling responsible for everything that is happening to you. Overcoming all difficulties, not transferring them to the rank of life's problems. You see the goal and think about how problems can be addressed. When this happens in your soul -‐ for others this could be a mystery. 50 -‐ 99 points. You are willing to see yourself as a leader, but you can if necessary accept a helping hand at the helm. When meeting and assessing difficulties you show a realistic flexibility, sensitivity and discretion. You know how to live in harmony with others without violating the internal agreement with yourself. Up to 49 points. You are often a passenger in your life, when you easily feel forced to obey because of external forces, believing that the circumstances are the reason for your destiny. When in difficulties you blame anyone rather than yourself. Real independence seem unattainable and to you impossible. Again, discuss with classmates what you think now about the most important qualities of a leader and his role in the team. 6. Analyze today's lesson and exercises, specify the actions that you can make part of your life to prepare for good relations during space travel. Work in teams. First think of the name of the action and make a short (from 2-‐3 sentences) text explaining what to do. Then specify recommendations on how to do it.
Why act? How to proceed? Compare and share thoughts with other teams and complete your list of recommendations. Using an imaginary microphone, finish any of the sentences: "For me, today was by far the most important ..." "I was impressed ..." "Today I thought ..." "Today I felt ... " If you're wondering ...about next step Choose one of the proposed actions you are interested in and start the task. This can support you in how to get new ways to improve relationship with others. THIRD MEETING. What will be the relationship between the space travelers during the trip? Audit In previous years This year From what sources do you usually get information? How do you get new information for you (please, how)? What subject groups do you attend? What sports groups or sections have you been to? What important abilities and skills have you learned from your parents? What important skills have you have learned from other people? Did you attend summer school, training, trained somewhere other than school, where? Have you had occasions in life when you taught others yourself?
Topic 11. SUSTAINABLE SOCIETY – A SOCIETY THAT LEARNS
FIRST MEETING. WHAT IS a learning SOCIETY? 1. Read the text. Consider whether you can name describe a delineated society? Were these people happy? Why? Could they have arrange their life differently, more satisfying? Why do you think so? Which changes in people's lives led to the
disappearance of knowledge? What is the reason you think this happened? Silence was many generations. Then the silence ended. Early in the morning there was a roar. People woke up. Woke up did also John Hoff and Mary -‐ his wife. There were only two people in the cabin: they have not been granted the right to have a child. To have a child, you need a vacant seat for her -‐ should old Joshua die, they would get one and knowing this, they waited for his death. The roar heralded the end. Thus spoke. He rolled around the ship. Then it turned, and the wall became the floor, and the floor – the wall. On the wall that now was the floor, there were littered debris furniture. It was not only their furniture: they had been used for many generations. For here nothing was lost, nothing is discarded. That was the law, one of the many laws: you had no right to squander, had no right to throw away. Everything used to the latter possibility. You ate the necessary amount of food -‐ no more and no less, drank the required amount of water -‐ no more and no less, the same air breathed again and again. All waste going to the converter, which turned it into something useful. Even the dead -‐ and those used. And for the many generations that have passed since the beginning, there were many dead... Knowledge was feared because it was evil. Many years ago, as decided by those who decide for all men, they came up with a law against reading and burned all books. A letter instead said everything about all the knowledge you need. Reading the letter -‐ and he is opposing the others, acting against the decision taken by many generations ago ... And he learned. He learned about the Earth and how to build a ship and send it to the stars ... He learned how select and train a crew ... He learned about learning from books that would preserve knowledge, and got some idea about the psychological aspect of the project. But something went wrong. And not with the ship, but with people. Books were allowed into the converter. Earth was forgotten and appeared a Myth, knowledge was lost, and for forty generations the plan was lost. People lived in the certainty that all they had -‐ it's that ship -‐ it is the beginning and the end of the ship and the people on it were created by some divine intervention, and that all their orderly life goes well according to the developed divine plan, which is going to get better. By K. Say̆maka story "The generation that achieved the goal" 2. Present the results in the teams home audit, answering the question of what are the way you get information and studying? From a member of your team? What sources of information do you usually use? Discuss: What thoughts did this task raise? Was it something that you are interested in? Present the results of the discussion in class.
Read the text and try to justify why sustainable society must necessarily be a society that learns. Which society can be called a learning society The level of education of a person as well as the society in which she lives, provides an opportunity to build a career, earn money, to realize yourself in the beloved. The need for survival is often associated with the need to acquire new knowledge, learn something. Recall, for example, the movie "Avatar", where the protagonist had to adapt to the society in which he found himself. Only when he studied the language, customs and way of life of the tribe, he was able to exist out there. This is true also of our society. It has many aspects that one needs to know. To become a full member of the community you need to learn first of all from the experience of previous generations. Equal access to quality education for all members of the society is also a sign of development and stability in the future. Knowledge and skills you can master in different ways, for example: • copying the experience of others (the child learns by repeating steps adult) • following the recommendation and advice of parents and other authority figures • getting information from books and other media • acquiring knowledge in schools • using scientific and technological progress • taking part in study circles, workshops, attending extracurricular activities, learning courses or • training others. Modern society is rapidly changing. You cannot learn everything once and for all to acquire the knowledge of a lifetime. For example, things like mobile phones, computers and Skype are familiar to us and they emerged only during the last generation -‐ 25 years. Today we are constantly inventing new materials and technologies. Therefore, as the proverb says, -‐ "You live, and learn." For continuous professional development people could watch the news in a chosen profession just to be competent and competitive. And sometimes learn new skills, because previous ones become old and not so suitable any more. Tasks for group projects Joining together in small groups, choose one of the tasks yourself for research over the next week.
Group 1 Explore how in history man passed knowledge from generation to generation. Present the results of your research in the form of a list of proposals for the organization of training residents on the spaceship. Your opinion must be reasoned. Group 2 Explore what lifelong learning is and what are its prerequisites in the country. Present the results of your research in the form of a list of proposals for such studies were dressed. Your opinion must be reasoned. Group 3 Investigate ways that lifelong learning exists in the world and which ones do you think meet the needs of sustainable development. Present research results in the form of a list of proposals. Your opinion must be reasoned. Group 4 Explore ways in which people get information today. Present the results of your research in the form of a list of proposals for the organization to inform residents of the spaceship. Your opinion must be reasoned. Group 5 Investigate problems related to training and education that exist in the world today. What programs are there to address these problems offered by the international community? Discuss that with what you learned it would be wise to use for travelling in harmony on a spaceship. Discuss in general terms: what during class seemed most important to you personally? What was interesting? What would you like to learn now? What are you planning to study in the future? What abilities, skills and knowledge do you need to build a happy life? If you're wondering ...about the next step Prepare a research project of your group.
SECOND MEETING. How to provide lifelong learning 1. Present your findings to the class. After each presentation, discuss: what ideas seem relevant for planning a trip? 2. Because you were just asked to take part in a space travel, there is a need to prepare for the learning process, based on sustainable development. This will help lower the proposed concrete steps that you can implement in your daily life. Read and discuss the steps in teams. Identify those that each of you will choose for yourself. Learning from others by asking questions Why act? Without question, there can’t be knowledge. The more a person knows -‐ the wider the range of new questions. How to proceed? • Ask questions whenever possible, make them short and clear. Long, complex, vague questions tend to complicate the understanding and the search for answers. • Formulate questions. To check its correctness should find out the truth of the content. For example, the question "How high do crocodiles fly?" means that there are crocodiles and they can fly. The last statement is false, so the question is incorrect. • If the question is complex and difficult, it is better to break it down in a few simple. • In difficult questions you need to specify all the possible alternatives. For example: "What do you think of this summer -‐ very hot or very cold?" There is no other opportunities -‐ warm, cool, etc.. Finding information on the Internet Why act? The concept of "information" (from the Latin informatio) means a message or information about any event. Once people have gathered the information, bit by bit, but now we are talking about an increasing avalanche of data like an information explosion, we are entering the society of information. Evidence of this is the Internet, which continues to grow rapidly and change -‐ daily and even hourly. Lots of people are using the information on the Internet everyday and therefore it is necessary that the information posted on it, is accurate, reliable and proven. But today that is not the case – instead anyone can post their thoughts on a website.
How to proceed? • When looking at a site, see if you can separate facts from interpretations, look for the actual events and separate it from the assumptions and conclusions. • Find an article that presents different perspectives, and compare them. • Identify the author of the site and date of posting. • Look to see if you can identify what purpose the authors behind the Web page wants to display • Check whose materials are put up on the site – is it only the authors’ materials or are there materials also by others? Are they citing their sources in a correct way? • Check whether the texts are bias: one-‐sided information. Look if you can spot an underlying meaning – evaluating words can be a give away. Do you get a feeling that all information is there or is something deliberately concealed? Whose interests are presented on the site? Whose ideas and needs are left unattended? Use the TV as a source of information Why act? Television has the largest audience of all media, its importance in people's daily life cannot be overemphasized. TV informs, teaches, advises, entertains, engages in the discussion, influences, forms, offers its own special "product" -‐ teleinformation. Its contents are very varied: entertainment and information, cultural and sports programs, movies and talk shows. If the viewer needs certain information, most likely it will be able to find it on television. TV has a significant impact on the minds of viewers and has various opportunities to manipulate it. How to proceed? • Be aware of that the idea of life, which you see at the screen, and life itself – sometimes are completely different things. • Check the information obtained from TV programs, use other sources. • Constantly remember that television -‐ the tens or hundreds of people (not so many work there actually) who are sometimes trying to influence the public opinion. Their position does not always reflect the truth. • Don’t identify yourself emotionally with the characters at the television. • Learn to turn off the TV sometimes. • See news different channels to your opinion about the events are not formed lopsided. • Separate obtained information from an emotional package
Sometimes just forget about the facts. Remember that the important information that pushed us to the serious life decisions and internal changes may be hidden in a pile of junk information. From time to time, try "fasting days" -‐ do not use the TV.
Read thoughtfully Why act? Few read, simply making the letters in words and remembering them. In the giant number of texts that surround us today you find both useful and harmful information – both in facts literature and fictional. With thoughtful reading skills, you will be able to resist manipulation. How to proceed? • Understand text, formulate their own opinions, ask questions, and those answers are ambiguous and need to search multiple sources. • Do not read the text mechanically -‐ think and read, try to form your own reasoned opinion on the information that it contains. • Be aware of that all texts consist of the materials the author chooses, treats his own way, sometimes consciously or unconsciously. Therefore, the reader can gain a lot by critically interpret the reading. • Always worth ponder: why the text was written? By and for whom? Do I agree with this? Teaching others Why act? Everyone is a source of information -‐ knowledge, experience, skills, and you -‐ not an exception, and thus you can transfer your knowledge and skills to others. How to proceed? • Instead of letting a classmate mess up his homework, try to explain stuff to him. • Spend some time with younger students talking about a topic that you are interested in. • Organize a group at school or in the community where you and your peers teach younger students/children things you know. • Create a newsletter, newspaper, where you write interesting things that you learned. • Volunteer as an assistant teacher -‐ help in conducting the lesson.
Find out where besides school, you can learn something useful or interesting Why act? Around you there are plenty of opportunities for learning outside the formal education system. There are courses (including the Internet), distance learning, libraries and audiobooks, CDs with information, blogs and educational websites, as well as many other options. A person who wants to learn something new, always find where to satisfy their desire for information. How to proceed? • Find out whether there are nearby sections, associations, hobby groups: school, home, work, extracurricular institutions and others. • Formulate Internet search request for distance learning courses in the field that interests you (for example, to create your own website), and search for information. • Learn about the public and other organizations that conduct training in your area. • Choose an interesting path and try another form of training. 3. Perhaps you can suggest some more ways to the class on how to create a learning society? Describe them, explaining why and how to act. 4. Choose your actions that you think would help you to become a learner in the learning society. Make a personal plan of action for a week in preparation for the tight control of the life during a stellar expedition. Present it to your team. Determine on the basis of the following criteria, how effectively you use different possibilities in life to learn: • I always know where and how I can learn and find a way to do it • I know where and how I can learn, but not always find my way anyway • I know where I can learn, but do not know how to use these methods of learning • I do not know where and how can I learn what I would like to. Share your thoughts with the class. If you're wondering ...about the next steps
Choose activities that interest you, and start doing them. Try to find new ways of learning.
THIRD MEETING. HOW TO ORGANIZE TRAINING DURING FLIGHT 1. Discuss in teams: what changes have occurred in your lifestyle and behavior? What are the results obtained during the time you tested your personal plan of action? Presents the groups activities. The rapporteur of your team should talk about aspects that were discussed, interesting moments that occur during operation, as well as changes in the behavior of the participants. Complete the discussion in general terms and ponder the answers to the question: did you get new thoughts and ideas during the presentation of the team meetings? Which? 2. Discuss in teams, what changes would you like to make to the plan of the expedition in the light of the ideas that have arisen in previous phases of work on the topic "sustainable society -‐ a society that learns." Note that you need to solve the organizational problems of the participants of flight training and transfer of experience. Draw your thoughts with diagrams, pictures and in what other ways you like. Presents the results. Discuss: What are your impressions of the new plans commands? What has changed? Why? What (what knowledge, skills) are you missing today? What would I like to know more about? What have you personally learned during the lessons on the theme "Sustainable society -‐ a society that learns"? Will you have use for it in your daily lives? SECTION V. SUMMARY TOPIC 1. LESSONS OVER ... WHAT'S NEXT 1. What you would say was the most important in the course "Lessons of sustainable development? 2. Gather in small groups and draw on a large sheet of paper a line of the course. In this exercise -‐ recall all topics that you met during the school year, put their segments on the line. Determine your level of interest in each section, noting its height and character lines: the greater the interest in the topic, the higher it will rise. If the issue seemed less interesting, the curve is gentle, and if it caused you difficulties, it can be represented by a dotted line. With different colors and line
thickness testify your relationship to each topic. Prepare for the presentation of your to the work class. Discuss: what can these course lines reveal when you analyze and evaluate them? Compare the results of the groups. What can such a comparison show? 3. Take a bright marker and circle your palm on a piece of paper, write your name inside the drawn palm and continue the statement: -‐ "The most interesting thing in the course for me was..." -‐ "The most valuable part of the course I believe was...". -‐ "My contribution to the class of the course" Lessons in Sustainable Development "-‐ ..." Put your work on the board and publish. Become united in a circle and complete the final lesson "whisk wishes."
Published on Dec 10, 2012
Guide for students in grades 9-10, sample of teaching materials produced in the ESDA project, a collaboration between Teachers for Democracy...