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V.Karamushka, O.Pometun, L.Pylypchatina, I.Suschenko

Guide for students LESSONS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

An optional course for 9th graders Secondary schools

Kyiv Publishing House "Education" 2011  

This  is  a  rough,  non-­‐laid  out  translation  intended  to   give  a  feel  for  the  content  of  this  Guide  for  Students.  


CONTENTS Section  I.  INTRODUCTION   Topic  1.  THE  MISSION   FIRST  MEETING.  LEARNING  ABOUT  THE  PURPOSE   SECOND  MEETING.  WHAT  SHOULD  I  BRING  WITH  ME  AT  THE  TRAVEL  

Section  II.  CREATE  YOUR  OWN  ECOSYSTEM   Topic  2.  AIR   MEETING  I.  WHY  CLEAN  AIR  BECOMES  A  PROBLEM   MEETING  II.  HOW  CAN  I  ACT  TO  KEEP  THE  AIR     Act  today!   Give  the  car  a  rest   Facilitate  the  work  of  factories  oxygen   Caring  for  the  green  friends   We  care  about  indoor  air   Reduce  the  use  of  household  chemicals   MEETING  III.  ENSURE  THE  PURITY  OF  AIR  DURING  STARRY  TRAVEL   Topic  3.  WATER   MEETING  I.  WHAT  ARE  THE  WATER  RIGHTS  IN  LIFE   MEETING  II.  HOW  CAN  I  ACT  TO  CONSERVE  WATER   Act  today!   Reduce  water  consumption  over  and  common  needs  of  the  family   Reduce  water  pollution   Keeping  water  in  the  irrigation   Timely  repair  plumbing   MEETING  III.  HOW  TO  ARRANGE  FOR  FRESH  WATER  DURING  FLIGHT   Topic  4.  ENERGY   MEETING  I.  WHAT  IS  ENERGY  IN  THE  LIFE  OF  MODERN  MAN   MEETING  II.  YOU  CAN  ACT  TO  SAVE  ENERGY   Act  today!   Rationally  illuminate  the  apartment   Save  energy  at  home   Save  energy  using  appliances   Reduce  the  cost  of  heating   Save  energy  when  cooking   MEETING  III.  HOW  SAVE  ENERGY  DURING  FLIGHT  

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Topic 5.  FOOD   MEETING  I.  WHAT  IS  NUTRITION   MEETING  II.  HOW  TO  FEED  OURSELVES  AND  THE  PLANET   Act  today!   Thoughts  about  the  food  pyramid   Strategic  change  of  menu   Putting  your  urozhaySam  a  chef   MEETING  III.  HOW  TO  GET  THE  POWER  SYSTEM  WORKING  DURING  FLIGHT   Topic  6.  WASTE   MEETING  I.  WHY  WASTE  ARE  DISEASES  OF  CIVILIZATION   MEETING  II.  WASTE,  DAILY  LIFE  AND  EVERYTHING   Act  today!   Buy  durable  goods   Choose  the  glass  container   Sort  waste   Create  your  own  second-­‐hand   Do  not  litter   Information  and  propaganda  campaign   MEETING  III.  HOW  TO  USE  WASTE  DURING  FLIGHT     Section  III.  BUILDING  A  BALANCED  ECONOMY   Topic  7.  ECONOMICS  OF  SUSTAINABLE  DEVELOPMENT   MEETING  I.  HOW  TO  ENSURE  OUR  LIFE  AND  DEVELOPMENT   MEETING  II.  OPTIMIZING  CONSUMPTION   Act  today!   We  become  prudent  buyers   We  choose  the  durable  goods   Save  on  utility  bills   Do  not  buy  products  that  harm  wildlife   Save  for  useful  and  interesting  

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MEETING III.  HOW  TO  ORGANIZE  PRODUCTION,  CONSUMPTION  AND  DISTRIBUTION  OF  GOODS  AND   SERVICES  DURING  FLIGHT     Section  IV.  SOCIAL  LIFE   Topic  8.  SUSTAINABLE  SOCIETY  -­‐  A  SOCIETY  FOR  EVERYBODY   MEETING  I.  WHAT  IS  A  SOCIETY  FOR  EVERYBODY   MEETING  II.  ACTION  TO  MAKE  LIFE  AND  SCHOOL  FAIR   Act  today!   We  make  the  rules  of  Life  Class   Take  an  active  part  in  the  discussion  Life  Class   How  we  make  decisions   Adhere  to  the  rights  and  responsibilities  in  school   Take  part  in  actions  to  improve  school  life,  community   Take  part  in  the  activities  of  student  government   MEETING  III.  HOW  TO  ORGANIZE  OUR  SOCIAL  LIFE  DURING  FLIGHT   Topic  9.  SUSTAINABLE  SOCIETY  -­‐  HEALTHY  SOCIETY   MEETING  I.  A  HEALTHY  PERSON   MEETING  II.  ACTIONS  TO  MAKE  YOU  AND  THE  SOCIETY  HEALTHY   Act  today!   Remember  the  rules  of  healthy  eating   We  form  a  healthy  lifestyle   Remember  the  simple  things  that  brings  health   Greet  those  next  to  us   Let  us  analyze     Looking  for  treasure  in  every  person   We  plan  our  lives   Determine  the  life  strategy   We  support  those  who  are  near   See  the  positive  in  every  day  -­‐  arrange  holidays    

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MEETING III.  HOW  TO  CARE  DURING  FLIGHT   Topic  10.  SUSTAINABLE  SOCIETY  -­‐  CULTURAL  SOCIETY  –  RELATIONSHIPS   MEETING  I.  WHY  A  SUSTAINABLE  SOCIETY  NEEDS  CULTURAL  RELATIONSHIPS   MEETING  II.  HOW  CAN  WE  ACT  FOR  INTER-­‐CULTURAL  RELATIONSHIPS   MEETING  III.  RELATIONS  BETWEEN  THE  SPACE  TRAVELLERS  WHEN  TRAVELING   Topic  11.  SUSTAINABLE  SOCIETY  –  A  SOCIETY  THAT  LEARNS     MEETING  I.  WHAT  IS  A  LEARNING  SOCIETY   MEETING  II.  HOW  TO  PROVIDE  LIFELONG  LEARNING   Act  today!   Learning  from  others  by  asking  questions   Finding  information  online   Use  television  as  a  source  of  information  in  a  cleaver  way   We  read  thoughtfully   Teaching  other   Know  where,  in  addition  to  school,  you  learn  something  interesting  or  useful   MEETING  III.  HOW  TO  ORGANIZE  TRAINING  DURING  FLIGHT   Section  V.  CHOOSE  A  NEW  LIFESTYLE  

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Dear friends!   Here  is  the  new  book  with  the  unusual  name  "Lessons  for  Sustainable  Development".  This   means  that  with  the  help  of  this  book  you  within  a  year  can  do  something  for  the  sustainable   development  of  mankind.  You  may  not  yet  know  what  the  word  sustainable,  or  sustainable   development  means?  And  why  is  it  important  for  all  of  us?  What  are  the  steps  that  can  be   taken  for  securing  a  sustainable  development?  Try  to  find  the  answers  to  these  and  other   questions.     Sustainable  development  could  be  called  an  approach  to  life,  where  the  public  interest  is   aimed  at  meeting  the  needs  of  not  only  current  residents  of  planet  Earth,  but  also  for  future   generations.   For  each  earthling  sustainable  development  is  the  need  to  use  wisely  any  resources   necessary  for  life,  in  such  numbers  that  we  make  sure  that  the  resources  we  leave  are   sufficient  for  today  and  tomorrow.       To  take  action  for  sustainable  development  together  with  the  rest  of  mankind  requires  that   you:   o Acquire  knowledge  about  sustainable  development  and  ways  to  achieve  it,  recognize  the   need  for  preservation  of  the  global  balance  and  involvement  in  environmental  issues  and   the  fate  of  mankind,     o To  support  the  transition  of  Ukraine's  population  to  sustainable  lifestyles  means  that  you   need  to  be  engaged  in;   o forming  models  of  behavior  and  actions  that  meet  the  needs  of  sustainable   development;   o Attitudes  to  the  problems  of  unbalanced  development  of  civilization  as  personally   important,  related  to  your  own  life,  learn  and  support  others  to  consciously  choose   actions  and  actions  for  sustainable  development.     Thus,  the  objectives  of  each  lesson  on  the  subject  are  -­‐  the  formation  of  new  ideas  for  your   sustainable  development  and,  if  necessary,  changes  to  your  habits  and  behavior.  Achieving   all  of  this  is  primarily  the  result  of  your  own  activity  and  your  willingness  to  engage  in  this   work.   Lessons  for  sustainable  development  are  not  like  every  other  subject,  since  the  quite  a  lot  of   your  study  time  is  allocated  for  practice.  The  information  you  receive  in  the  classroom,  you   do  not  learn  by  heart,  instead  you  are  supposed  to  consider  and  figure  out  how  this   knowledge  can  be  used  not  only  in  your  adult  life,  but  today  and  tomorrow.  This  work  will  be   supported  by  many  practical  problems,  exercises,  and  time  for  analysis  of  your  own  lifestyle.     In  the  classroom  you  can  get  new  important  experience  and  interesting  thoughts  only   because  there  is  exchange  of  ideas.  You  teach  each  other,  working  in  teams.  This  implies  the  

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need for  you  and  your  peers  to  be  active  and  tolerant,  because  every  thought  and  every  idea   is  valuable  in  working  together.   It  is  a  good  idea  to  take  notes  or  create  your  own  portfolio  and  record  everything  that  you   thought  important,  new  or  something  that  needs  clarification.  Capture  your  thoughts,   suggestions,  ideas,  comments,  additions  and  questions.     When  studying  this  subject  –  read  the  manual!  

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How to  work  with  the  Book   1.  Guidelines,  read  them  through  carefully    -­‐  in  the  classroom  or  at  home.     2.  The  manual  provides  objectives,  projects  and  exercises  for  the  class.  Work  on  the  topics  in   teams  or  small  groups.  This   way  of  work  will  enable  both  learning  and  interesting   communication.     3.  Under  the  heading  you  will  find  the  topic  for  you  to  collaborate  on.   theme  is  introduced  by  a  text  with  following  instructions  of  actions.    

And each  

4. At  the  end  of  each  lesson  we  are  going  to  do  a  short  check  on  what  we  did.  Here   you'll  find  tasks  with  which  you  can  check  your  level  of  achievement  during  the  lesson.     5.  Some  materials  of  each  topic  are   homework.    Choose  and  work  with   the  topics  you  think  are  really  interesting  (or   those  that  teacher  advise  you  to   look  in  to  as  they  are  important  for  the  next  lesson).     6.  The  material  for  the  first  meeting  on  each  topic  contains  a  special  problem  for  the  group   to  work  on.  Choose  one  of  the  tasks,  join  other   students  who  want  to  work  on   this  topic  and  plan  the  project  together.       7.  Finally  on  each  topic  you  will  find  special  questionnaires,  task  -­‐  audits  for  research  of  your   own  lifestyle.  We  hope  that  these  tasks  will  give  you  good  ideas  and  useful  insights  to  your   work  on  the  topic.     We  hope  that  you  will  have  a  pleasant  journey  and  that  this  course  will  make  it  possible  for   you  to  discover  unexpected,  important  and  exciting  new  ideas.  We  are  confident  in  your   determination  to  overcome  obstacles  that  you  will  meet  on  the  sustainable  journey.        

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Section I.  INTRODUCTION   Topic  1.  MISSION   MEETING  I.  About  the  PURPOSE   Have  you  ever  thought  about  how  we  live  our  lifes,  how  the  Earth  provides  different   functions  that  we  humans  use  in  our  life?  When  did  you  think  about  it?  What  are  your   thoughts  and  ideas?    

When  going  on  this  mission,  we  can’t  think  only  of  life  on  Earth,  but  also  the  development  of   other  planets  –  might  there  be  other  species  out  there?  This  mission  is  about  you  having   been  entrusted  to  plan  the  greatest  trip  ever  by  humanity  and  take  part  in  it.       You  need  to  design  and  equip  a  spaceship  -­‐  a  huge   spaceship,  able  to  overcome  incredible  long  distances.   Assume  that  the  trip  will  take  5000  years.  The  spaceship  can   take  on  board  not  more  than  100  people.  Since  the  trip  is   planned  today,  when  designing  it  you  can  use  only  known   technology.   There  is  no  need  to  worry  about  flying  the  spaceship  and   other  technical  issues  of  travel  –  that  is  a  problem  for   another  group  of  people.  Your  goal  –  build  a  spaceship  fit   for  a  miniature  world  that  would  contain  a  balanced  ecosystem,  and  to  organize  a  harmonious  life  in   the  spaceship.     1.  You  can  start  this  task  right  now  with  a  “brain  storm”  and  express  your  ideas  by  answering   the  question:  "What  would  you  take  with  you  on  this  trip?"  Analyze  your  suggestions  and  note   down  why  you  chose  it.  What  made  you  choose  like  you  did?   Now  divide  in  to  small  groups  and  try  to  answer  the  questions  once  more:   1.  What  do  you  take  with  you  to  ensure  that  people  can  live  on  the  spaceship?   2.  Who  do  you  invite  to  travel?   Make  lists  of  your  choices  and  submit  to  the  class,  giving  reasons  for  each  item.     2.  Each  suggestion  expressed  by  the  groups  have  a  right  to  exist,  and  you  might  need  an  open   minded  joint  decision  on  the  general  plan  of  preparation.  Determine  how  you  can  produce:  a   combination  of  all  opinions,  the  best  variant  of  each  option,  choosing  one  option  or  find  you   own  way?  Discuss  these  options  in  general  terms  and  make  an  open-­‐minded  joint  decision.   Reflect  on  whether  it  was  difficult  to  have  an  open  joint  decision,  why?  Is  it  important  to  follow   procedures  to  come  to  widely  accepted  solutions  on  a  spaceship?  Why?       3.  Divide  yourselves  into  groups  of  5-­‐6  people  -­‐  "Starship  Team"  -­‐  and  start  designing  your   model.  Mark  on  a  diagram  or  drawing  in  which  parts  of  the  spaceship  you  place  different   areas,  where  members  live  and  work  during  the  flight.  Your  task  -­‐  to  make  the  spaceship  so   comfortable,  well-­‐planned  and  full  of  interesting  ideas  to  other  people  so  they  want  to  fly  only  on  it.   Focus  on  the  location  of  all  systems  in  the  spaceship.  You  don’t  have  to  think  about  weightlessness  as   a  separate  complication  of  your  job,  an  engineering  group  will  solve  this.    

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Discuss in  general  terms:  do  you  like  to  work  on  the  preparation  of  space  flight?  What  issues   do  you  think  is  necessary  in  planning  the  flight?  What  should  be  your  next  steps?  

  SECOND  MEETING.  What  should  I  bring  with  me  on  the  Space  trip?   1.  Get  back  in  to  the  groups  in  which  you  created  the  model  of  the  spaceship.  Discuss,  do   you  have  new  ideas?  Make  the  appropriate  changes  to  your  model  and  present  them  to  the   class.   When  planning  the  flight,  you  might  have  wondered  over  different  spheres  of  existence  and  human   life  on  Earth,  because  our  planet  is  like  a  space  ship,  flying  in  the  universe.   When  planning  this  trip  –  have  you  thought  of  your  everyday  life?  On  your  needs  and  requirement  of   both  you  and  your  family  and  how  you  meet  them?  These  considerations  –  incorporate  them  in  to   your  plans.  To  direct  and  help  you  get  going,  we  offer  a  special  survey,  called  the  audit  (inspection).   And  please  remember,  it  is  an  audit  -­‐  not  a  competition.  In  this  process  there  is  no  "right"  or  "wrong"   answers  -­‐  only  fair  or  invalid.   After  processing  the  topics  of  the  course  you  will  return  to  these  issues  again.  Maybe  in  your  mind   and  lifestyle  something  changes  during  the  year.     2.  Take  the  audit  individually,  making  the  necessary  pencil  marks  and  answer  as  accurate  as   possible.  Note  down  "yes"  or  "no",  and  where  there  are  numbers,  select  one  of  them  (1  -­‐   never  2  -­‐  sometimes  3  -­‐  often  4  -­‐  almost  always,  5  -­‐  always).  Just  do  it  quick,  this  is  not  the   time  for  reflection.  If  the  claim  is  unclear  –  ask  your  teacher.     Audit!!!!     Discuss  the  audit  results  in  general  terms.  What  new  plan  and  ideas  for  your  expedition  did  you   encounter?  What  else  do  I  need  to  provide?     3.  Get  back  in  to  your  teams  and  identify  the  main  things  you  just  found  out  that  you  might   add  to  your  plan  for  the  space  flight.  You  can  present  your  findings  to  your  class  and  make   sure  you  put  it  on  your  list.  Also  compare  your  list  to  the  content  in  the  manual.  Do  they   match?  Is  there  anything  more  you  should  consider?  Are  these  issues  important  for  the  life  of  the   inhabitants  of  the  spaceship?  Why?     Refine  the  teams  plans!      

Discuss in  general  terms:  Has  your  vision  changed?  How?  What  was  this  lesson  important  to   you  personally?  What  would  you  like  to  tell  your  friends  or  parents?      

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If you're  wondering...about  the  next  steps   Start  research  on  "air".  Work  throughout  the  week  with  your  lifestyle.  Write  in  a  notebook  the   results  obtained  by  the  following  example.  Fill  in  the  table  every  day.   Here  is  the  audit  "Air"  

Question

Mon Tue Wed

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How many  times  did  I  open  the  window   to  let  in  air?   How  many  times  did  I  wet  clean  the   rooms  at  home?   How  many  times  did  I  use  the  bike   instead  of  public  transport?   How  many  times  did  I  use  scented   sprays  to  provide  fresh  air  either  in  your   home  or  on  your  body?   How  many  chemicals  for  home  use  in   powders  and  aerosol  was  purchased?   How  many  plants  do  I  take  care  of  in  my   home?   How  many  times  did  I  use  public   transport? How  many  times  did  my  family  use  our   own  veichles  to  transport  me?  

SECTION II.  CREATION  OF  ECOSYSTEMS     Topic  2.  AIR     FIRST  MEETING.  Why  Clean  Air  becomes  a  problem   1.  Present  results  in  the  teams  home  audit,  answering  the  question:  what  and  how   members  of  the  group  and  your  family  usually  do  to  get  a  good  quality  of  air  your   homes?  Make  a  list  of  actions  that  your  group  takes  to  preserve  clean  air  at  home.     Discuss:  What  thoughts  did  this  exercise  bring  to  you?  Was  it  something  that  impressed  you,   or  troubled  you?   Present  the  results  of  our  discussions  to  the  class.     2.  Discuss  in  general  terms:  What  does  air  mean  in  human  life,  and  in  all  life  on  the   planet?  What  role  does  it  play  in  a  space  flight?  What  are  the  problems  with  providing   air  that  can  occur  during  your  trip?  Make  a  list  of  such  problems.     3.  Based  on  the  text,  determine  the  role  of  air  in  the  life  of  mankind.  What  problems   currently  exist  on  Earth-­‐related  air  pollution  do  you  think?  Which  of  them  will  you   have  to  decide  on  for  your  space  ship?    

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AIR -­‐  MAIN  SOURCE  OF  LIFE   Air  -­‐  one  of  nature’s  resources  that  support  biological  life.  It  is  believed  that  a  person   can  survive  without  food  for  a  month,  without  water  -­‐  up  to  7  days  and  without  air  no   more  than  5  minutes.   Air  protects  our  planet  from  hypothermia  and   harmful  ultraviolet  radiation.  Without  it,  the  sky   would  be  black  as  night.  During  the  day  there   would  be  an  unbearable  heat,  and  it  would  be   terribly  cold  at  night.  Air  –  a  natural  "buffer"   between  space  and  surface  of  our  planet,  also   carrier  of  heat  and  moisture.  It  is  also  a  vital   part  of  photosynthesis  and  energy  exchange  -­‐   basic  processes  of  life.  Through  the  air,  we  hear   the  music,  rustling  forest,  waves  of  the  sea,   see  the  blue  sky,  a  colorful  rainbow  and  blinking  stars.  Air  -­‐  a  mixture  of  nitrogen,  oxygen,   carbon  dioxide  (CO2)  and  other  substances.   It  also  contains  a  number  of  gases.  Occasionally  your  air  can  contain  many  impurities,   including  harmful  natural  ones  like  volcanic  ashes  and  artificial  pollutants,  the  latter  a  result   of  human  activity.   In  recent  years,  under  the  influence  of  human  activities  for  mining  and  building,  intense  air   pollution  is  becoming  an  issue.  The  main  reason  is  burning,  which  are  used  in  technological   systems  (such  as  domestic  heating,  burning  of  fuel  by  road,  making  electricity  at  thermal   power  plants,  industrial  production,  etc.).     Experts  say...   o The  average  per  capita  livelihood  release  1.1  tons  of  greenhouse  gases  per  year.     o Receiving  every  15  liters  of  water  from  the  heater  is  accompanied  by  the   formation  of  1  kg  of  greenhouse  gases.   o Over  the  past  100  years  humans  has  sent  in  to  the  air;  1.5  million  tons  of  arsenic,   1  million  tons  of  nickel,  900  tons  of  carbon  dioxide.   o The  combustion  of  coal  into  the  atmosphere  every  year  creates  about  120  million   tons  of  dust.     o One  car  makes  about  10  kg  of  rubber  dust.   o One  truck  emits  in  air  6  cu.  m  CO  carbon  monoxide.     Equally  important  is  the  pollution  of  indoor  air,  including  carbon  monoxide  gases,  ash,  tar   and  soot,  especially  if  the  building  is  located  near  congested  road.  In  the  air  we  breathe   every  day  you  find  chemicals  used  in  everyday  life,  especially  various  aerosols  tobacco   smoke.  The  air  is  also  full  with  waste  products  from  humans  and  animals  -­‐  dander,  pollen,   fungi  spores,  etc.  harmful  microorganisms  such  as  dust  mites,  germs  and  bacteria,  including   disease.  

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According to  a  well  known  health  authority  in  the  Ukraine,  the  air  inside  buildings  in  4  -­‐  6   times  dirtier  and  8  -­‐  10  times  more  toxic  than  outside.  The  composition  of  air  quality  in   residential  and  office  buildings  are  often  a  threat  to  human  health,  for  each  of  the  harmful   particles  deposited  in  our  lungs  and  can  cause   allergies,  respiratory  diseases  and  decreased   immunity.     Millions  of  people  around  the  world,  realizing  the   need  to  preserve  the  air,  trying  to  change  their  style   of  life:  give  up  big  cars,  preferring  economic  cars   and  electric  vehicles,  transplanted  on  bikes,  do  not   buy  aerosols,  create  attention  in  their  governments   to  the  problems  of  industrial  pollution.  Many  of   these  people  can  say,  as  known  actress  Julia   Roberts:  "I  love  this  feeling  at  the  end  of  the  day  when  I  know  that  I  took  another  step  closer   towards  getting  me  to  wake  up  tomorrow  with  my  children  in  a  clean,  healthy  and  safe   world."   Tasks  for  the  group  projects   Joining  in  small  groups,  choose  one  of  the  research  objectives  for  next  week.  Discuss  the   plan  for  the  project.  Also  discuss  how  to  divide  the  responsibilities  division  between   yourselves.  Decide  when  and  how  you  prepare  the  presentation  of  the  results  of  your   research.  Now  let  your  creativity  free!   Group  1   Explore  that  part  of  the  atmosphere  essential  for  human  existence  and  of  living  things  on   Earth.  Why  do  we  need  to  control  and  protect  the  atmosphere?  Present  research  results  of   what  you  found  out  and  make  proposals  as  to  how  to  use  this  knowledge  during  the  space   trip.  Don’t  forget  to  show  how  you  reasoned.   Group  2   Explore  how  mankind  is  polluting  the  air.  What  are  the  solutions  to  problems  we  known  in   the  modern  world?  Present  the  results  of  your  research  in  a  range  and  proposing  the   possible  reduction  of  air  pollution  during  the  space  trip.  Don’t  forget  to  show  how  you   reasoned.   Group  3   What  are  the  main  actions  of  people  that  are  causing  the  increase  of  CO2  concentration  in   the  air?  How  does  the  raised  temperature  of  the  planet  affect  the  climate?  Present  your   research  in  the  form  of  new  and  exciting  information  or  proposals  for  consideration  about  

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the needs  of  understanding  and  adjusting  the  life  on  board  to  minimize  air  pollution  during   space  flight.       Group  4   Explore  to  what  extent  does  the  things  (and  their  processes  connected  with  the  things)  you   surround  yourself  with  make  an  impact  on  the  air  quality?  Present  the  results  of  your   research  in  the  form  of  a  list  of  proposals  on  ways  of  maintaining  a  good  air  quality  in  the   places  where  you  spend  the  most  of  your  time.  Don’t  forget  to  show  how  you  reasoned.   Group  5   Explore  why  the  tree  is  called  an  oxygen  factory.  Determine  which  function  the  trees  holds  in   your  area?  What  makes  the  role  of  the  green  plants  so  important  in  places  where  there  is   dust,  gases,  soot,  and  wood?  Present  the  results  of  the  research  and  list  information  and   proposals  for  using  plants  and  greenery  on  the  space  trip.  Don’t  forget  to  show  how  you   reasoned.       When  working  in  the  project   1.  Where  can  I  go  to  find  information?   Books,  periodicals,  professionals,  including  your  teachers  can  be  your  source  of  information.   Before  the  assignment,  determine  what  kind  of  sources  will  work  for  you.  One  of  them,  that   might  be  new  to  you  is  now  more  accessible  and  more  popular  -­‐  the  Internet.     There  are  three  main  ways  get  the  work  done  with  the  help  of  the  web.   First,  you  can  use  search  engines:  Google,  Yahoo,  Yandex  and  others.  To  do  this  properly   write  a  request  in  the  form  of  keywords.  (To  the  theme  "Air"  you  find  suggestions  of  the   keywords  below.)   Second,  at  Internet  you  can  find  subject  directories  created  by  qualified  professionals.  Some   even  accompanied  by  explanations  of  experts  from  different  branches  of  knowledge  to  help   the  user  to  search  information.  Among  them  is  the  English  Directory  -­‐  About.com   (www.about.com),  which  includes  thousands  of  links  with  cross-­‐references  to  millions  of   links;  Index  (www.ipl.org)  -­‐  20,000  directories  of  Internet  resources  selected  by  librarians.   Also  for  Russian  speaking  users  the  popular  (www.allcat.kiev.ua)  is  an  all  in  one  directory,   which  contains  thousands  of  links  to  various  subjects  (business  world,  home  and  family,   tourism,  etc.),  directories  (www.catalog.freeservers.com  )  -­‐    a  list  of  directories  on  different   topics  (the  state,  art,  science  and  education)  with  millions  of  links  and  more.      

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Thirdly, we  can  turn  to  the  Internet  encyclopedias  such  as  Free  Encyclopedia   (www.ru.wikipedia.org)  -­‐  with  over  700  thousand  references;  www.poznaymir.com  -­‐  a   specialized  encyclopedia  for  students  and  school  children  and  others.       2.  What  to  do  with  the  information  we  found?   Go  through  the  material  to  review  and  select  information  that  is  directly  related  to  your  job   and  question.  You  briefly  formulate  the  basic  idea,  give  1-­‐2  examples  -­‐  illustrate  to  describe   them,  and  write  a  brief  description.  If  necessary,  keep  it  short  and  only  list  facts  in  a  table  or   plot.       3.  How  to  submit  information?   You  can  present  the  results  of  your  project  as  a  short  message  (for  2-­‐3  min.)  You  decide   within  the  group  ho  should  do  the  presentation.  Also  prepare  illustrations  –  photos,   drawings  charts  or  a  computer-­‐based  presentation  as  a  complement  (no  more  than  5-­‐7)  to   accompany  the  speech.     Keywords  for  searching  the  Internet  to  the  topic  "air":  air  pollution,  clean  air,  atmosphere,   climate  change,  air  quality,  trees  -­‐  "oxygen  factory".     Discuss  in  general  terms:  what  during  the  lesson  impressed  you?  On  the  questions   that  interest  you,  you  got  answers,  and  what  was  not  answered?  What  was  your  reaction   excited,  upset?     If  you  are  wondering…–  what  to  do  next  ...   Prepare  a  research  project  of  your  group.     SECOND  MEETING.  HOW  CAN  we  act  to  keep  AIR  CLEAN?   1.  Present  the  results  of  the  research  for  project  to  the  class.  After  each  presentation   discuss  what  of  your  ideas  that  seem  important  for  planning  the  trip.    

2.  For  you  that  have  been  offered  to  take  part  in  the  space  trip  it  is  necessary  to  prepare   for  it  by  taking  a  look  at  your  own  behavior  concerning  air.  This  will  help  you  follow   these  specific  steps.  Read  and  discuss  in  teams  about  the  offered  actions.  Identify  those   that  appeal  to  you  the  most  and  you  choose  to  do  in  your  daily  lives.      

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Give the  car  a  rest     Why  act?   Did  you  know  that  this  is  a  very  effective  and  simple  method  to  improve  air  quality?  Just   switch  to  another  kind  of  energy  -­‐  your  own!  This  step  will  help  you  to  become  the  part  of   new  social  movement,  what  exists  today  in  many  countries  -­‐  from  United  states  to  Poland,   Sweden  and  Denmark.  Just  start  walking  more  often  or  use  a  bicycle.   When  choosing  a  vehicle  for  long-­‐distance  trips  the  bus  is  often  a  better  choice  than  the  car,   and  for  local  travel,  trams,  subs  and  trolley  busses  are  less  harmful  than  diesel  buses.     How  to  proceed?   § Think  about  the  places  that  you  visit  regularly.  Note  what  routes  you  can  walk,   rollerblade  or  cycle  to  and  even  ski  to  in  winter.  If  you  replace  at  least  one  regular   transportation  route  it  means  that  you  instead  depend  only  on  your  own  energy.   § Try  to  replace  the  habit  of  "driving”  to  "thriving"  and  for  moving  short  distances  using   public  social  transportation.   § If  your  local  transport  is  based  on  electricity  (tram,  trolley  bus,  Subway)  try  to  get  by   with  using  only  them.     § Encourage  parents  to  use  no  car  and  instead  go  by  public  transport  at  least  once  a   week.  If  you  divide  the  amount  of  emissions,  for  example,  a  bus  for  20  or  more   passengers,  it  becomes  obvious  benefits  of  such  a  move  for  the  environment.  It  also   saves  money  when  the  car  is  not  used.       Facilitate  the  work  of  the  oxygen  factories     Why  act?   Trees  are  called  true  oxygen  factories.  It  is  estimated  that  only  one  tree  for  24  hours   produces  a  daily  rate  of  oxygen  needed  for  breathing  3  people.  For  example,  since  lilac  leaf   surface  area  of  1  square  m  allocates  1.1  kg  of  oxygen,  aspen  -­‐  1  kg,  hornbeam,  ash  -­‐  900  g   oak  -­‐  850  g  pine  -­‐  800  g  maple  -­‐  620  g  lime  -­‐  470  g  for  an  efficient  single  tree  that  grows  in   favorable  conditions  can  be  compared  with  10  indoor  air  conditioners.   Creating  favorable  conditions  for  trees,  we  promote  effective  work  for  the  oxygen  factories.     How  to  proceed?   § Check  near  your  home  or  school  if  there  is  an  area  planted  with  trees,  about  which   nobody  cares.     § Put  on  your  commercial  eye  and  collect  all  the  garbage  and  possibly  re-­‐cycle  it,  if   possible  for  money.  

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§

§ § § §

If there  are  dead  trees  that  are  not  taken  down,  check  with  the  local  authorities  and   see  if  you  can  get  them  or  at  least  permission  to  take  the  old  ones  down  and  plant   new  ones.     When  planting  the  tree  –  dig  a  whole  about  60-­‐65  cm  diameter  for  the  stem.   Water  the  trees  and  cut  dry  branches  as  support  for  the  young  tree  so  that  children   and  adults  do  not  just  walk  and  play  at  the  precise  place  where  you  planted  the  trees.     If  the  summer  is  dry  –  water  the  young  trees  1-­‐2  times  a  month.     In  the  autumn  you  can  organize  a  cleaning  of  dry  leaves  for  composting.  And  you   might  need  to  put  some  leaves  around  the  young  tree  to  help  it  prepare  for  the   winter.  You  can  also  trim  dry  tree  branches  in  the  autumn.  

  We  care  about  green  friends     Why  act?   Check  out  your  homes.  Don’t  you  think  that  useful  and  beautiful  plants  that  can  create  a   comfortable  climate,  promote  clean  air  will  help  you  in  the  fight  against  disease  and  harmful   radiation  could  be  of  good  use.  The  more  plants  around  you,  the  healthier  your  life  becomes.     How  to  proceed?   § Clean  the  air  by  plants.  A  more  effective  cleaner  -­‐  Chlorophytum.     • Soften  the  impact  of  radiation  from  TV’s  and  computers  –  cactus,   cypress,  arborvitae.     • Reduce  the  number  of  microbes  in  the  air  –  geranium,  rosemary,  aloe.   • Neutralize  the  air  of  toxins  –  dyfenbahiya.     • They  have  antifungal  properties  –  laurel,  lemon,  ficus,  ivy.   § Check  your  house  where  you  put  a  flowerpot.  Notice  how  it  is  comfortable  for  plants   (the  light,  or  far  radiators).     § Learn  by  reading  special  literature  or  asking  advice  from  experts  about  which  plants   suit  your  conditions  and  what  care  they  need.   § Select  plants  that  you  would  like  to  have  at  home,  buy  a  pot  or  something  else  to   plant  in  (you  can  use  a  plastic  box).  Get  ready  ground  mixture  or  prepare  it  yourself   by  mixing  in  equal  proportions  of  black  soil,  peat  and  sand,  and  buy  seeds  or  shoots.   § Put  the  plant  in  the  soil  and  take  care  of  it.   § Try  once  a  week  to  wash  the  leaves  of  houseplants  or  spray  them  with  water.     § When  needed,  plant  the  plants  in  new  soil  and  fertilize.          

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We care  about  indoor  air     Why  act?   People  spend  more  time  indoors  than  outdoors.  However,  it  is  proved  that  the  air  inside  the   building  dirtier  than  outside,  an  average  of  2-­‐4  times.     How  to  proceed?   § When  spending  time  at  home,  try  to  open  the  window  every  hour  for  a  few  minutes.     § Never  allow  smoking  indoors,  where  there  are  other  people.  In  this  case,  their  health   will  suffer  more  damage  than  those  who  actually  smoke.   § During  the  morning  exercises  properly  ventilate  the  room  for  during  the  intensive   exercise  we  breathe  5  times  more  air.   § Be  sure  to  do  wet  cleaning,  at  least  once  every  2-­‐3  days.     § Try  to  clean  your  room  in  the  morning,  and  then  you  breathe  clean  moist  air  the   whole  day.     § Ask  parents  to  check  and  maintain  proper  operation  of  kitchen  hoods.  Clean  it  at   least  2-­‐3  times  a  year,  not  forgetting  to  change  filters.       Reduce  the  use  of  household  chemicals     Why  act?   Household  chemicals,  especially  in  aerosols  can  be  harmful  to  both  air  and  human  health.     How  to  proceed?   § Try  to  convince  parents  when  buying  household  chemicals  to  buy  liquid  or  roll  on   products,  avoiding  powders  and  spray.     § While  cleaning  use  natural  chemicals  (you  will  find  recipes  in  the  "Water"  theme).   § After  taking  a  shower  or  bath  leave  the  bathroom  door  left  open.         During  the  week  you  will  need  to  make  sure  that  the  proposed  actions  allow  you  to   take  care  of  the  air  without  lowering  the  overall  quality  of  life  for  your  family.  Make  a   personal  plan  of  actions  for  the  week,  preparing  for  the  tight  control  of  your  life  during  the   Stars  expeditions.  Present  your  personal  plans  in  the  teams.        

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Using an  imaginary  microphone,  complete  the  sentence:  "For  me  today  was  important  ...",   adding  2-­‐3  ideas  with  lessons  learnt  that  have  special  meaning  to  you  or  your  family.     If  you  are  wondering…–What  to  do  next  ...   Choose  an  action  you  are  interested  in,  and  start  to  perform.  In  theory  you  now  know  new   ways  of  preserving  the  purity  of  the  air.     THIRD  MEETING.  How  to  ensure  clean  air  WHILE  TRAVELING  in  space     1.  Discuss  in  teams:  what  changes  have  occurred  in  your  lifestyle  and  behavior?  What   are  the  results  obtained  during  the  time  that  you  have  been  testing  your  personal   plan  of  action?   After  completing  the  task  presents  group  activities.  The  speaker  of  each  team  has  to  talk   about  the  issues  discussed,  interesting  views  expressed  during  the  exercises,  and  changes  in   the  behavior  of  the  participants.   Complete  discussion  in  general  terms,  on  reflection  on  the  responses  to  the  question:  do  you   have  new  thoughts,  ideas  during  the  presentation  of  the  team  meetings?  Which?     2.  Discuss  in  the  teams  the  changes  that  you  have  made  to  the  plan  of  the  space   expedition  due  to  all  the  new  ideas  that  you  have  gotten  in  the  previous  stages  of  the   work  on  the  "Air"  theme.  Draw  your  opinion  and  ideas  filed  by  the  chart  below.  Present  the   results  to  the  class.     AIR   Requirements  for  air  quality     Threats  (problems  that  may  arise)   Ways  of  solving  problems         Discuss:  What  are  your  impressions  of  the  new  plans  of  the  teams?  What  has   changed?  Why?  What  (what  knowledge,  skills)  you  are  missing  today  for  such  work?  What  I   would  like  to  know  more  about?     What  are  your  personally  insights  and  learning’s  about  the  theme  "Air"?    

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If you're  wondering  ...  –  What  to  do  next   Start  your  research  on  "Water".  Observe  your  lifestyle  for  a  week.  Write  in  a  notebook  the   results  of  your  observations  in  the  form  of  the  sample  that  are  shown  below.  Fill  in  the  table   every  day.     Home  Audit  "Water"   1)  Check  faucets,  pipes,  toilets  and  showers.     2)  Check  the  laundry  and  other  machines  that  use  water.         The  volume  of  water   How  many  times  I   Total,  this  week   per  minute,  L/min  or   have  used  “it”   for  one  inclusion   during  the  day   l/time   Bathroom   X   =     Toilet   X   =     Shower   X   =     Bath   X   =     Faucets   X   =     Kitchen   X   =     Faucets     X   =     Dishwasher   X   =     Washing  machine   X   =     Sum   X   =         3.  Find  out  how  many  synthetic  substances  used  in  conjunction  with  water  at  home.   Readings  in  the  table.     Synthetic   substance  

Monday Tuesday   Wednesday   Thursday   Friday  

Saturday Sunday   Total  

Hygiene   Washing   powder   Dishwashing   Liquids   Solvents,   paints  

   

   

   

   

   

   

   

   

   

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Section IV.  SOCIAL  LIFE   Topic  9.  SUSTAINABLE  SOCIETY  -­‐  HEALTHY  SOCIETY  

FIRST  MEETING.     A  healthy  person     1.  Present  the  results  in  the  team  home  audit,  answering  the  question:  does  the  members  of   your  group  have  similar  or  different  results?  Which?  Are  you  among  those  who  more  than   anyone  care  about  your  health?  How?  Are  there  "champions"  who  are  trying  to  make  others   and  yourself  happy?  How?     Discuss:  What  thoughts  did  the  home  audit  about  health  give  inspiration  to?  Was  it  something  that   impressed  you,  or  got  you  worried?   Share  the  results  of  the  discussion  in  class.     2.  What,  in  your  opinion,  does  the  word  "health"  mean?  What  associations  do  you  get?  And   the  word  "disease"?   Applying  brainstorming-­‐techniques  will  probably  get  many  associations  to  both  words  above,   write  your  associations  on  the  board  and  think  about  them.  What  thoughts  and  feelings  have  they   raised?     Based  on  the  text,  determine  how  people  feel  in  a  society  of  sustainable  development.  What   is  a  healthy  society?  What  does  this  mean?  What  prevents  us  to  recognize  today's  society  as   a  healthy  one?  Could  there  be  similar  problems  during  a  space  flight?  Which  ones?     What  is  meant  by  a  healthy  society   Health  -­‐  one  of  the  preconditions  and  result  of  a  vibrant,  creative,  happy  life.  A  society  that  is   sustainable  can  be  defined  as  a  healthy  society.  The  question  of  what  constitutes  the  criterion   (metric  norm)  of  health  is  discussed  from  different  points  of  view.  A  definition  by  the  World  Health   Organisation  (WHO),  health  is  characterized  not  merely  the  absence  of  disease,  it  is  more  the  feeling   of  a  complete  physical,  mental  and  social  welfare.     Indicators  of  good  health  -­‐  high-­‐performance,  creative  activity,  optimistic,  joyful  outlook,  the   harmonious  development  of  the  physical  and  spiritual  powers  and  qualities,  interests  and  needs.  So,   if  you're  happy,  eat  with  appetite,  sleep  tight,  then  you  are  healthy.  When  you  are  healthy,  and  when   actively  working  and  feeling  well  under  any  circumstances,  you  can  successfully  solve  the  problems   that  you  face  in  life.     According  to  the  famous  physician,  academician  M.  Amos,  "In  the  majority  of  diseases  we  should  not   blame  nature,  not  society,  but  the  man  himself.  However  sometimes  she  suffers  from  laziness  and   greed,  but  sometimes  of  folly.  To  be  ...  healthy,  there  is  a  need  of  her  own  constant  significant   efforts.  Change  cannot  be  nothing.  Man,  fortunately,  is  so  perfect  that  health  can  almost  always   return.  Essential  ...  grow  with  the  aging  and  deepening  disease.  "    

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Help the  person  to  be  physically  healthy  and  has  a  society,  creating  conditions  for  exercise,  healthy   eating,  prevention  and  treatment,  as  well  as  taking  care  of  environment.     Psychological  health  –  a  harmony  of  man  both  within  yourself  as  well  as  with  the  outside  world:   other  people,  nature  and  the  cosmos.  Psychologically  healthy  people  can  govern  themselves.  Even  in   the  difficult  moments  of  life,  it  is  good  to  remember  that  excessive  nervousness  is  injurious  to  your   health.  And  an  irritated  person  may  have  a  comic  appearance,  and  the  excitement  does  not  help  to   change  things  for  the  better.  Keeping  calm  is  easier  to  resolve  any  issues.     Psychologically  healthy  people  know  and  understand  yourself  and  how  good  that  is,  and  also  your   weaknesses.  When  you  are  in  a  good  psychological  balance  you  often  find  you  have  a  natural  desire   to  develop,  to  reach  for  something  better,  to  happiness.  The  path   to  self-­‐knowledge  is  in  each  person.  You  are  invited  to  start  the   analysis  with  this  assessment  of  your  actions  and  behavior,   observing  them.       Psychologically  healthy  people  are  often  seeking  personal   disclosure.  When  implementing  you  -­‐  is  to  make  a  reality,  fully   develop  all  your  abilities  and  opportunities  to  become  a  successful  person.  Realizing  the  positive   traits  critical  treating  your  deficiencies,  man  creates  real-­‐life   plans  for  improvement.  She  deliberately  answers  questions  not   only  "What  to  do?”,  but  also  "Who  to  be?"  and  predicts  ways  to   achieve  goals  in  life.  If  physical  perfection  of  man  has  limits,  the   spiritual  –  is  unlimited.  A  man's  choice  is  based  on  her  values,  as   what  she  believes  and  sought.  If  everyday  life  will  be  filled,   happy  and  useful  –  for  ourselves,  others  and  society  in  general  -­‐   largely  depends  on  the  person.     Society  must  promote  psychological  health  to  its  members,  respecting  the  persons  creating  the   conditions  for  self-­‐development  and  self-­‐realization  of  their  own,  supporting  talents  and  abilities,   valuing  diversity.     Social  care  is  another  component  of  well-­‐being.  It  occurs  when  a  person  is  active  and  valuable  for  the   other  member  of  family,  group,  community,  and  the  society  in  general.  Each  person  takes  a  certain   place  that  is  recognized  by  others,  manifested  and  they  can  assert  their  individuality.   The  condition  of  social  welfare  is  a  way  of  regulating  social  relations,  when  human  rights  are   recognized,  respected  in  honor  and  dignity.  In  socially  healthy  societies  no  violence  and  war  is   resolving  conflicts,  there  is  no  reason  for  it.     Today,  unfortunately,  the  world  occasionally  erupts  in  ulcerated  conflicts.  International  Court   annually  examines  dozens  of  cases  of  human  rights  violations.  Terrorism  holds  thousands  in  fear  and   suspense.  The  notion  of  "social  welfare"  is  an  incompatible  contemporary  social  phenomenon  when   poverty,  lack  of  social  support,  uncertainty  about  the  future  exists.  Because  of  the  medical  progress,   humanity  can  overcome  most  diseases  that  undermine  physical  health  and  shorten  life.  But  problems   in  the  society  harm  the  psychological  health  of  its  members,  creating  depression,  stress  and  

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aggression. Often  people  themselves  do  nothing  in  order  to  be  healthy;  most  people  do  not  try  to  get   rid  of  bad  habits.     The  picture  would  be  quite  dull  if  there  weren’t  many  attempts  to  change  this  situation.  There  is  a   growing  movement  of  supporters  of  a  healthy  lifestyle.  Very  popular  is  the  idea  of  positive  thinking.   Some  states  base  their  constitution  on  the  principles  of  human  rights  and  many  of  them  are   legislating  about  protected  rights  of  children  and  women.  There  are  also  programs  created  and   aimed  at  protecting  vulnerable  groups:  minorities,  including  ethnic,  indigenous  peoples,  migrants   and  people  affected  by  conflict  and  natural  disasters.     Some  companies  implement  measures  to  protect  the  social  and  psychological  health  of  their   employees.  There  is  also  learning  about  leadership  skills  and  conflict  mediation.   Humanity  is  at  the  beginning  of  the  path  to  a  truly  healthy  society.     Tasks  for  the  group  projects  

Group1 Explore  how  society  can  contribute  to  the  preservation  and  improvement  of  physical  health.  Present   the  results  of  your  research  in  the  form  of  small  information  list  of  proposals  to  ensure  the  conditions   for  maintaining  the  physical  health  of  the  crew  during  the  space  trip.  Don’t  forget  to  show  how  you   reasoned.    

Group 2   Explore  how  you  can  think  about  keeping,  maintaining  and  improving  the  crew’s  physical  health.   Present  the  results  of  your  research  in  the  form  of  small  information  and  make  a  list  of  proposals  for   creating  an  atmosphere  of  personal  success  during  the  space  trip.  Don’t  forget  to  show  how  you   reasoned.  

Group 3   Explore  how  society  can  help  preserve  and  improve  psychological  health.  Present  the  results  of  your   research  in  short  and  make  a  list  of  proposals  to  ensure  the  conditions  for  maintaining  the  physical   health  of  people  during  the  space  trip.  Don’t  forget  to  show  how  you  reasoned.    

Group 4  

Explore how  man  himself  can  take  care  about  maintaining  and  improving  their  psychological   health.  Present  the  results  of  your  research  in  short  and  make  a  list  of  proposals  to  create  an   atmosphere  of  personal  success  during  the  space  trip.  Don’t  forget  to  show  how  you   reasoned.    

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Group 5   Explore  how  society  can  contribute  to  the  preservation  and  improvement  of  social  health.   Present  the  results  of  your  research  in  short  and  make  a  list  of  proposals  to  ensure   conditions  for  maintaining  social  human  health  during  space  travel.  Don’t  forget  to  show   how  you  reasoned.     Group  6   Explore  how  man  himself  can  take  care  about  maintaining  and  improving  their  social  health.   Present  the  results  of  your  research  in  short  and  list  the  proposals  for  creating  an   atmosphere  of  personal  success  during  space  travel.  Don’t  forget  to  show  how  you   reasoned.       Discuss  in  general  terms:  what  are  the  aspects  of  a  healthy  society  is  essential  for  you?  And   what  is  most  demanding?     If  you're  wondering  ...about  the  next  step…   Prepare  a  research  project  in  your  group.       SECOND  MEETING.  HOW  can  we  act  to  make  the  SOCIETY  AND  ourselves  healthier   1.  Present  the  results  of  your  class  research.  After  each  presentation,  discuss:  what  ideas   seem  relevant  for  planning  a  trip?         2.  Since  you  were  just  asked  to  take  part  in  a  space  travel,  you  must  properly  prepare  for  it.   This  will  make  it  easier  to  organize  a  healthy  diet.  Read  and  discuss  the  actions  in  the  teams.   Identify  those  that  each  of  you  will  choose  for  yourself.       Remember  the  rules  of  healthy  eating   Why  act?   Even  the  common  foods  like  porridge,  soup  or  eggs  can  be  a  source  for  human  health  and  strength   when  you  follow  the  principles  of  good  nutrition.  And  there  are  a  number  of  requirements  that  

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should be  considered  by  anyone  who  wants  to  stay  healthy  as  long  as  possible.  The  following  tips  will   help  you  with  this.     How  to  proceed?   § Take  control  when  you  are  really  hungry.  To  do  this,  ask  yourself  what  you  would  like  out   more  -­‐  or  carrot  cake?  If  you  choose  the  carrots  –  the  hunger  is  of  a  quite  "healthy"  sort,  if   you  chose  the  cake  –  you  probably  should  wait  to  eat  “real”  food  that  could  be  ready  in  30-­‐ 40  minutes.   § Eat  when  you  are  balanced;  avoid  eating  directly  after  nerve  overstimulation,  hard  work,   strong  overcooling  or  overheating.  Just  have  some  water  and  give  yourself  a  moment.   § Take  your  time  when  eating.  Thoroughly  chew  each  piece  until  it  almost  disappears  in  the   mouth.  Then  the  saliva  begins  the  partial  cleavage  of  starch  and  protein.   § Eat  after  the  rhythm  in  your  body  and  the  clock  –  the  body  is  burning  the  fuel  from  the  food   differently  during  the  24  hours.  As  a  rule  of  thumb  –  the  last  meal  should  be  no  later  than  2   hours  before  bedtime.   § Try  to  eat  a  varied  and  preferably  simple  food.  Mashed  potatoes,  soup,  noodles  and   buckwheat  porridge  bring  much  more  benefit  than  the  daily  delights  –  they  are  often  more   difficult  for  the  stomach.   § Beautifully  milled  food  by  your  own  teeth.  It  is  sometimes  said  that  every  piece  of  food   should  be  chewed  32  times  -­‐  as  many  times  as  the  teeth  in  the  human  mouth.   § When  cooking,  pay  attention  not  only  taste  qualities  of  foods,  but  also  what  grows  outside.   You  can  find  real  jewelry  as  dill,  parsley,  etc.  and  they  are  most  are  welcome.       Form  a  healthy  lifestyle     Why  act?   Health  -­‐  an  invaluable  asset  not  only  to  each  person,  but  also  to  the  whole  society.  It  helps  to  realize   our  plans  to  successfully  solve  basic  life  tasks  and  to  overcome  difficulties.   Unfortunately,  many  people  do  not  follow  simple,  scientifically  based  standards  of  a  healthy  lifestyle.   Remember  that  your  health  is  dependent  on  yourself  and  your  own  actions.     How  to  proceed?     § Alternate  work  and  rest  –  good  both  for  your  mental  and  physical  health.  If  you  spend  much   time  inside  during  the  day  it  is  really  good  to  spend  your  free  time  outdoors  for  relaxation.   Some  examples  of  outdoor  vacation  for  urban  dwellers;  at  work  in  the  garden,  go  hiking  and   making  excursions  at  least  by  walks  around  the  city  in  parks,  stadiums  and  etc.   § Care  about  yourself  and  sleep  least  8  hours  a  night.  Do  not  treat  sleep  as  a  reserve  from   which  to  borrow  time  for  certain  matters.   § Make  time  for  physical  activity,  at  least  for  morning  exercises.  A  short  daily  exercise  –  a   mandatory  minimum  of  physical  activity  and  it  can  become  all  the  same  habit  as  washing.   § Find  your  way  to  harden  the  body.  For  example,  systematic  air  bath  or  water  treatments.  

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§

If you  live  in  the  city,  use  the  opportunity  of  a  multistory  building:  always  go  down  the  stairs.   If  you  live  on  the  lower  floors,  for  example  on  the  second,  third,  or  fourth,  always  use  the   stairs.    

Remembering  the  simple  things  that  support  health     Why  act?   Most  of  us  spend  a  big  part  of  life  indoors,  missing  out  one  of  the  most  healing  forces  of  nature  -­‐   sunlight.  Just  remember  how  the  sunlight  makes  your  mood  rise  in  the  spring,  when  the  days  are   sunny  and  warm.   Those  who  spend  a  lot  of  time  indoors  with  artificial  lighting  know  that  quality  of  the  light  is   important  not  only  for  your  vision  but  also  your  health.  If  a  person  is  working  for  a  long  time  in  low   light,  the  eye  adapts  to  it,  and  it  is  -­‐  one  of  the  reasons  for  poor  vision.  To  prevent  problems  choose  a   light  source  in  the  range  as  close  to  natural  light  as  possible.  Studies  have  shown  that  halogen  lamp   has  the  right  characteristics;  a  spectrum  very  similar  to  the  sun.     It  turns  out  that  buzz  -­‐  it's  also  a  kind  of  garbage.  Maximum  allowable  safe  level  of  sound  is  80   decibels,  which  is  often  the  kind  of  sound  level  you  get  from  the  alarm  clock,  baby  cry  and  sound  of   emergency  braking.  For  housing  the  normal  level  is  about  20-­‐30  dB  at  night  and  40  dB  during  the  day.   Increased  background  noise  is  pollution  of  the  environment  and  along  with  other  stress  factors  it  can   lead  to  reactions  in  the  nervous  system,  increasing  pressure,  increased  heart  rate,  development  of   chronic  fatigue  and  deafness.  According  to  some  estimates,  about  half  of  neurosis  is  a  consequence   of  prolonged  noise.     According  to  experimental  results,  strong  electromagnetic  fields  disrupt  certain  parameters  in  the   cardiovascular,  endocrine  and  nervous  system  of  humans.  These  fields  are  created  by  trams,   trolleybuses  and  numerous  appliances  that  surround  us  in  everyday  life,  like  mobile  phones.  They   affect  the  immune  system,  sexual  function,  and  circulatory  system.  There  are  also  indications  and   data  about  cancer  and  genetic  effects  caused  by  strong  electromagnetic  fields.     How  to  proceed?   § On  sunny  days,  get  more  of  the  fresh  air  and  open  the  windows  to  let  the  light  fill  the  room.   But  always  be  cautious:  limit  the  stay  under  the  direct  sunrays,  especially  in  the  midday   hours.  This  will  reduce  the  risk  of  burns,  heat  stroke  and  harmful  effects  on  the  skin  due  to   excess  of  ultraviolet  radiation.   § When  replacing  the  lamp  if  possible  switch  to  halogen  lamps.   § Use  lamps  upward  to  reflect  light  off  the  walls  and  ceiling  for  increased  illumination.   § Make  Sunday  picnics  in  good  company  (eg,  classmates)  to  break  from  the  hustle  and  enjoy   the  silence  and  the  sounds  of  nature.   § Follow  the  sound  level  when  using  video  and  audio  at  home.     § Sit  no  closer  than  1-­‐1.5  m  from  the  TV.     § Get  outlets  that  "sparks"  repaired.   § Do  not  place  the  bed  near  the  outlet.     § Use  safety  goggles  when  working  with  your  computer.    

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§ § §

Take a  walk  or  ride  a  bike  for  short  trips,  only  use  electric  transportation  (train,  trolleybuses)   when  moving  long  distances.     Spend  less  time  talking  on  a  cell  phone  close  to  your  head  and  try  a  headset  instead.   Keep  your  cell  phone  in  your  bag  or  briefcase,  away  from  the  body.  

  Respect  those  who  are  close  to  us     Why  act?   We  live  in  a  society  and  are  constantly  interacting  with  other  people  -­‐  at  home  and  at  work,  transport   and  store,  in  class,  and  finally  in  the  family.  Following  the  golden  rule  -­‐  do  not  do  to  others  what  you   do  not  want  yourself  -­‐  you  will  save  yourself  from  many  problems.     How  to  proceed?   § Create  goodwill  based  on  your  relationships  with  other  people.   § Practice  to  give  more  than  take  in  your  relationships.     § Rejoice  in  all  manifestations  of  life.     Self-­‐improvement  -­‐  your  inner  choice.  In  this  work  –  don’t  rush  because  largely  success  depends   on  you;  so  don’t  put  to  much  pressure  on  yourself  at  once.     Analyze  yourself     Why  act?   The  sign  of  psychological  health  is  how  the  person  knows  and  understands  herself.  Absolutely   normal  is  the  desire  to  change,  to  reach  for  something  better.  A  development  begins  with  self-­‐ knowledge,  awareness  of  what  /  who  I  am  now.  You  can  learn  by  watching  yourself,  analyzing   your  actions  and  behavior  and  evaluating  them.     How  to  proceed?   ü Take  a  sheet  of  paper.  Divide  it  in  half.   ü In  one  column,  write  down  the  traits,  abilities,  and  skills  that  you  think  your  forte.  In  the   second  -­‐  the  qualities  that  you  are  not  satisfied  with  and  want  to  change.   ü Think  about  what  you  would  like  to  change  in  the  first  place  and  how  you  can  begin  to   act  in  this  direction.  Starting  work  with  clearly  imaging  what  should  be  the  end  result  of   your  changes.   ü Make  a  step-­‐by-­‐step  plan  for  making  changes,  defining  specific  times.  Try  to  follow  this   plan,  tracking  every  stage  of  its  progression.          

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Looking for  treasure  in  every  person     Why  act?   Research  shows  that  many  people  suffer  from  a  perception  that  they  are  not  appreciated,  that  other   think  badly  of  them  and  only  criticize.  However,  everyone  is  pleased  when  friends  and  acquaintances   recognize  their  positive  traits,  qualities  and  talents.     Often  while  communicating  with  people  is  quite  easy  to  find  what  is  worth  capturing  so  this  is  one   way  of  looking  for  treasures  in  every  person.  And  you  probably  think  it  is  much  more  pleasant  to  be   among  people  you  value.       How  to  proceed?   When  communicating  with  someone,  try  to  find  at  least  two  or  three  positive  traits  or  skills  (which   perhaps  you  would  like  to  develop  in  yourself).  Try  to  evaluate  the  person  objectively,  even  if  your   relationship  or  overall  impression  of  her  is  negative.   At  the  following  meeting  with  the  person,  remember  the  positive  things  that  you  saw  in  her.  When   possible  tell  her  about  it,  and  your  relationship  definitely  will  improve.   We  plan  our  lives     Why  act?   "To  the  ship  that  does  not  know  where  to  sail,  no  wind  will  be  fair"  -­‐  once  said  by  the  philosopher   Seneca.  Everyone  has  to  choose  for  you  a  particular  action  and  eventually  -­‐  life.  Before  you  start  to   do  something,  you  need  to  determine  your  intentions,  goal  and  choose  behavior.  But  the  main  thing   is  to  act  as  intended  and  planned.     How  to  proceed?   § Take  a  sheet  of  paper.  Divide  it  into  two  columns.   § Write  down  in  the  first  column  what  you  are  doing  during  the  week,  and  in  the  second   column  -­‐  what  you  want  to  achieve  in  life.   § Compare  two  columns  and  determine  which  of  your  everyday  actions  "works"  to  achieve  life   plans,  and  how  much  time  is  spent  in  vain.   § Try  to  outline  specific  plans  for  the  near  future  that  really  bring  you  closer  to  important  life   goals.   § Now  plan  the  steps  for  their  implementation.  Begin  to  act  with  the  knowledge  that  you  are   working  on  an  important  goal.       Determine  a  vital  strategy     Why  act?   Watching  people  it  is  easily  noticed  that  some  always  achieve  their  goals,  confidently  moving   forward,  day  after  day  and  year  after  year,  changing  themselves  and  their  lives  for  the  better.  Even   temporary  setbacks  do  not  stop  their  movement  and  deprive  them  of  confidence.  Others  -­‐  always   doubt  in  their  own  ability  and  complain  about  the  circumstances  and  environment,  the  lack  of  ability.  

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To learn  how  to  confidently  go  forward,  it  is  important  to  imagine  your  life  goals  and  plan  activities  to   achieve  them  considering  both  external  factors  and  capabilities.  This  exercise  can  help  in  acquiring   these  skills.     How  to  proceed?   Fill  in  the  table  below.  In  the  first  stage,  select  and  note  the  target  or  multiple  targets  (I  want)  in  the   following  areas:  physical,  interpersonal,  social  and  educational.   The  next  stage  is  the  analysis  of  individual  capabilities  necessary  to  achieve  a  goal  (I  can),  and  identify   the  main  obstacles  (too).   In  the  final  step,  make  a  plan  of  action  to  achieve  the  goal:  one  day,  week,  month,  year  or  five  years.  

    Direction  

I want  

I can   Obstacles   (help)   5            5              Years  

 1     Year  

Action plan   1   1   Month   Week  

1 Day  

Physical Interpersonal   Social   Educational  

     

     

     

     

  We  support  those  who  act  together     Why?   Each  of  us  has  experienced  moments  of  bad  temper,  frustration  and  sadness.  At  this  time  the  person   is  not  capable  of  constructive  behavior,  cooperation,  adequate  perception  of  the  world.  And  the  best   way  out  of  this  situation  is  the  support  from  another  person.  When  you  make  it  gentle  your  help  can   become  a  wonderful  remedy  for  emotional  distress.  Offer  to  share  the  issues  and  avoid  leaving  the   person  alone  with  the  problems.       How  to  proceed?     § Ask  the  to  share  the  issue.     § Ask  if  you  cannot  help  somehow.     § Suggest  a  walk  and  talk  in  the  city.     § Make  a  small  gift.     § Suggest  new  music  (see  the  new  movie).     § Tell  a  funny  story.     § Offer  your  version.     Indicate  the  positive  every  day     Why  act?   People  evaluate  themselves  differently,  some  -­‐  positively,  others  -­‐  negatively.  The  more  positive   perception  you  have  about  yourself,  the  better  and  more  confident  you  feel  in  life,  and  vice  versa.  So  

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those who  think  positively,  even  after  the  catastrophic  failure  never  say  to  themselves,  "I  failed   because  I'm  a  fool".  Most  think  that  the  failure  is  the  result  of  errors  that  you  can  anticipate  and   avoid  to  do  better  next  time.     A  person  with  positive  thinking  is  pretty  well  prepared  for  life's  trials  rest  confident  on  the  future.  He   objectively  evaluates  himself  and  his  opportunities  and  if  he  notices  a  lack  of  any  talent,  he  doesn’t   get  too  upset,  but  simply  diverts  to  those  areas  in  which  his  skills  will  work  better.   How  to  proceed?   Throughout  the  week,  evaluate  everything  that  happened  to  you  with  a  positive  perspective.  Even  in   situations  that  you  can  feel  as  failure  for  yourself,  you  can  probably  say:  "I'm  satisfied  to  1%."  Every   step,  every  achievement,  even  if  it  is  very  small  at  first  glance  is  development,  and  hence  there  is   reason  to  be  proud  of  yourself.    

Arrange holidays     Why  act?   Our  life  often  resembles  a  carousel,  hurtling  around  in  circles.  Days  can  be  very  monotonous,  and   people  tend  to  get  tired  of  the  repeatability  in  actions  and  situations.  To  overcome  this  fatigue  we   can  introduce  unplanned  calendar  holidays.  The  reason  for  the  celebration  can  be  anything.     How  to  proceed?   § § §

Make a  list  of  what  can  be  a  reason  for  celebration.     Use  this  list  to  find  opportunities.     Remember:  Holiday  is  always  with  you.  

Some suggestions  to  start  your  list  of  celebrations:     ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü ü

a sunny  day  or  a  new  moon     good  mood     new  shoes  or  shirt     the  first  of  each  month     the  tender  lilac  (daffodils,  magnolia,  tulips  ...)     good  work     premiere  of  a  film     the  start  of  sales  of  Christmas  decorations     birthday  of  a  beloved  cat,  dog,  hamster,  etc.     the  first  snow     the  birthday  of  an  outstanding  person     name  day  (birthday)     anniversary  of  friendship    

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3. During  the  week,  you  need  to  check  that  the  proposed  and  other  actions  you  have  chosen   allow  you  to  follow  a  healthy  lifestyle.  Make  a  personal  plan  of  actions  for  a  week,  preparing   for  the  Stars  expeditions.  Present  it  to  the  team.     Complete  self-­‐assessment  sheet  using  your  favorite  Internet  smilies   Criteria  for  evaluation   I  can  explain  all  the  key   concepts  of  the  theme   I  am  able  to  convince   people  of  the  necessity  of  a   healthy  lifestyle   I  know  how  to  positively   affect  the  health  of  my   family  and  friends   I'm  trying  to  live  a  healthy   lifestyle  after  the  lesson   I  decided  to  change  some   habits   I  believe  that  my  health  is   very  important   I  have  enough  willpower   and  desire  to  always  take   care  of  my  health  

If you're  wondering  ...about  the  next  step   Choose  actions  you  are  interested  and  start  the  actions.  Now  you  know  new  ways  to  enhance  your   health.   THIRD  MEETING.  HOW  TO  MAINTAIN  HEALTH  DURING  FLIGHT   1.  Discuss  in  teams:  what  changes  have  occurred  in  your  lifestyle  and  behavior?  What  are  the   results  obtained  during  a  personal  plan  of  action?   After  completing  the  task  above,  present  the  activities  of  the  team.  The  speaker  of  each  team  is   invited  to  talk  about  the  issues  discussed,  interesting  points  that  occur  during  operation,  and  changes   in  the  behavior  of  the  participants.   Complete  the  discussion  in  general  terms,  on  reflection  on  the  responses  to  the  question:  did  you  get   new  thoughts  or  ideas  during  the  presentation  of  the  team  meetings?  Which?    

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2. Discuss  in  teams  that  the  changes  that  you  make  in  your  expeditions  plan  is  according  to  what  you   have  done  in  previous  stages  of  the  work  on  "sustainable  society  -­‐  a  healthy  society."   Draw  your  thoughts  using  the  list  of  proposals  for  rules  of  life  in  a  spaceship.  Make  drawings,   diagrams,  essays  on  the  topic  "What  is  it  -­‐  a  healthy  person,"  etc..  Presents  the  results  of  the  class.   Make  a  list  of  rules  of  the  community  on  a  spaceship  that  would  ensure  the  health  on  board  of  the   interstellar  expedition.  Give  a  name  to  the  document.  Consider  how  you  should  organize  it.    

Discuss: What  are  your  impressions  of  the  new  plan  of  command?  What  has  changed?  Why?   What  (what  knowledge,  skills)  you  are  missing  today  for  this  kind  of  work?  What  I  would  like  to  know   more?   What  are  your  personally  learned  lessons  from  the  theme  "Sustainable  society  -­‐  healthy  society"?      

If you're  wondering  ...   Start  your  research  on  "Sustainable  society  -­‐  a  society  of  cultural  relations."  Observe  your  lifestyle  for   a  week.  Write  in  a  notebook  your  observations.  Fill  in  table  10.  The  peculiarity  of  this  audit  is  that,   filling  it  in  at  night,  you  have  to  remember  the  main  events  of  the  day.  Even  when  you  forget   something  -­‐  do  not  worry.  The  main  thing  is  that  observations  and  reflection  can  be  an  important   tool  in  maintaining  your  health  and  the  health  of  others.  

Home  Audit  "How  is  my  relationship  with  others?"   Monday  

Tuesday Wednesday   Thursday   Friday   Saturday  

Sunday

Total

How  many   times  during   the  day  did  you   show  tolerance   or  decided  to   not  take  part  in   a  conflict?   How  many   conflicts  have   you  managed   to  resolve  or   avoid?   How  many   times  have  you   taken  a  leading   role?   How  many  

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times have  you   worked  as  a   team,   performing   various  roles?   In  how  many     situations  you   tried  protecting   rights  and   dignity?   What  was  the     situation  when   you  remind   yourself:  "My   rights  end   where  another   person's  rights   begin?"   How  often  do     you  get  happy   because  people   around  you  are   different  from   you  and   contributed   because  of   their   differences?  

   

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Topic 10.  SUSTAINABLE  SOCIETY  -­‐  CULTURAL  SOCIETY  –  RELATIONSHIPS    

FIRST MEETING.  WHY  A  SUSTAINABLE  SOCIETY  NEEDS  CULTURAL  RELATIONS   1.  Present  the  results  of  the  home  audit  in  the  teams,  answering  and  discussing  the   question:  What  thoughts  did  this  kind  of  research  rise?  Whether  it  was  something   that  impressed  you  or  the  other  way  around?   Present  the  discussion  to  the  class.   Based  on  the  text  define  the  components  of  society  cultural  relations.  What  is  the   value  of  human  relations?  What's  by  far  the  largest  threatens  human  relations  in   society?  Could  be  a  similar  problem  during  the  flight,  which  ones?   What  is  the  value  of  good  RELATIONS   Say,  are  not  you  getting  scared  when  you  have  seen  in  modern  horror  films  an  army  of   soulless  clones  –  all  with  one  face,  no  thoughts  and  feelings  of  hesitation,  obedient  toys  in   somebody's  cruel  hands  ...  Happiness  that  the  world  is  not  like  that!  It  is  colorful  and   polyglot,  beautiful  in  its  uniqueness  and  with  cultural  diversity.   Vasyl  Symonenko  wrote  about  it:     Gentle  my  loud  melancholy,  passionate,  mute,  gentle  and  affectionate,  and  cruel,     Give  me  my  space  and  restlessness,     Sun  greedy  pour  soul!     What  unites  this  diverse  world  of  human  society?  Cherished  values:  common  morality,   respect  for  human  rights,  respect  for  cultural  traditions,  tolerance,  i.e.  tolerance  to  other   opinions,  views,  etc…  Tolerance  -­‐  an  essential  condition  for  peace  and  harmony  in  the  family,   team  and  society,  because  social  relationships  are  constantly  changing,  creating  a  harmony,   a  unilateral  advantage,  and  even  direct  clash  of  interests.  Different  people  –  means  different   views  on  life,  work,  love  and  so  on.   Do  we  always  respect  the  opinions  and  views  of  others,  their  feelings,  rights  and  needs?   Should  we  seek  another  person  mirror  your  views?  Is  it  a  good  idea  even  if  their  view  is  the   opposite  of  mine?  Must  we  show  hardness  or  be  a  conformists?     At  the  beginning  of  the  21th  century,  mankind  begins  to  understand  that  the  Earth  is  not  so   large,  all  people  -­‐  neighbors  and  the  planet  -­‐  our  home,  should  be  protected.  In  order  to  do   guard  our  planet  we  need  to  combine  efforts  to  find  common  ground  on  how  to  do  it.  In  the   endless  sea  of  cultures  the  ideas  for  modern  human  tolerance  has  become  a  kind  of  lifeline  

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that enables  us  to  live  in  harmony  with  others.  Today  each  indicator  of  a  democratic  state  is   measured  by  the  level  of  tolerance  -­‐  religious,  ethnic,  ideological,  etc…   For  each  individual  tolerance  as  a  trait  of  character  is  the  key  to  a  successful  life,  because  it     helps  in  avoid  conflicts  and  in  building  friendly  relations  with   different  people.  Take  a  look  at  conflicts  you  have  been   involved  in  and  ponder:  How  would  events  have  evolved,  if  you   showed  more  tolerance?  Chances  are,  you  might  find  that  you   wouldn’t  have  had  to  engage  in  a  real  conflict.     However,  is  it  really  possible  to  live  without  any  confrontation?   Because  people  are  different  it  can  be  very  difficult  to  consider   everybody’s  interests  and  differences.  Indeed,  conflict  is  always   a  manifestation  of  contradictions,  a  disagreement  between  two  or  more  people  or  ideas.   However,  it  does  not  necessarily  have  to  lead  to  quarrels.  You  can  always  (even  in  situations   of  acute  conflict)  remain  in  a  position  of  interaction,  dialogue.  We  can  learn  to  resolve   conflicts  in  the  interests  of  both  parties  by  mutual  tolerance  for  consensus  or  compromise.     Recognizing  that  every  person  has  absolutely  the  same  rights  as  you,  should  be  as  natural  as   breathing  for  a  modern  culture.  United  Nations  General  Assembly  in  1948  proclaimed   inalienability  and  inviolability  of  basic  human  rights.  The  Constitution  of  Ukraine  holds  a   formulation  about  our  duties  as  citizens:  "Do  not  encroach  upon  the  rights  and  freedoms,   honor  and  dignity  of  other  people."  Unfortunately,  the  facts  of  violation  of  human  rights   continue  to  be  the  focus  of  the  courts,  the  media  and  the  international  community.  The   endeavor  to  protect  human  rights  as  the  highest  social  value  is  still  important  in  the   democratic  state  and  the  entire  world  community.     In  addition,  a  world  that  is  rapidly  changing  requires  new  modern  human  qualities.   Teamwork,  communication  skills,  the  ability  to  take  responsibility  for  the  outcome  of  the   work  and  a  commanding  presence  -­‐  that  is  what  most   employers  want  today,  and  it  is  no  coincident.  Information   technologies  are  changing  our  world.  Routine  work  is   increasingly    translated  into  microprocessors.  We  are  left   with  no  choice  but  to  become  stronger,  more  responsible,   constantly  learn,  to  change,  to  improvise,  to  take  your   destiny  into  your  own  hands  –  and  that  is  to  be  leaders.  T.   Peters  described  the  leadership:  "It's  like  love  ...  Thirst.  Enthusiasm.  Appetite  for  life.   Involvement.  Striving  for  perfection.  Great  ideals  and  great  achievements.  Insatiable  thirst   for  change.  "   This  is  a  choice  that  people  have  to  make  for  themselves  and  feel  for.        

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2. Imagine  that  during  the  travel,  it  is  decided  by  the  space  captain  that  a  Museum  of   Human  Rights  should  be  established  in  order  to  explain  and  remind  everyone  that  the   duty  of  every  member  of  the  team  is  to  –  respect  and  honor  the  other  members  of  the   flight,  their  rights  and  freedoms.   Working  in  your  teams,  create  (draw,  describe,  or  choose  from  materials  available  to  you)   two  or  three  exhibits  for  the  museum.  Remember  that  what  you  choose  to  display  can  be   anything  from  the  everyday  life  in  the  community  and  related  to  questions  of  your  freedom   and  safety.  Prepare  a  presentation  of  the  exhibits.     3.  Choose  one  of  the  animals  from  this  list:  fox,  wolf,  monkey,  pig,  skunk,  snake,  rat   and  dolphin.  Prove  that  this  animal  is  very  valuable  for  space  travel  and  it  is  necessary   to  bring  it  on  board  the  spaceship.  Present  your  reasoning  to  the  class  and  try  to   convince  the  others  of  your  cause.   Once  all  participants  will  have  heard  the  presentations,  discuss  whether  they  could  convince   you  that  it  is  necessary  to  take  all  animals?  Why?  Is  it  difficult  to  prove  the  value  of  each  of   the  animals?  What  conclusions  can  you  make  about  the  natural  diversity?  Can  you  say  the   same  about  human  society?  Why?  Why  is  the  diversity  of  a  society  always  a  resource?     4.  Discuss  in  small  groups  what  "tolerance"  means  to  you.  Invite  the  class  to  make  a   short,  but  capacious  definition.  Try  also  to  workout  a  couple  of  models  of  tolerant   behavior.  To  you  help  you  find  some  Scenarios  below,  analyze  them  by  choosing  an   answer  and  explain  why.  When  you  have  chosen  a  couple  of  strategies  -­‐  date  the  definition   with  a    "tolerance  limit".     Scenario  1   Dmitri  hasn’t  got  typical  guy  hair  –  it  is  too  long.  How  to  handle  those  who  do  not  like  his   style?  Here  are  some  variants…   • Continuing  to  show  a  negative,  almost  aggressive,  attitude  to  recommend  change  in   his  hairstyle.   • Go  with  the  fact  that  people  have  the  right  to  express  themselves  and  can  do   anything  with  their  own  hair.   • Require  him  follow  the  general  style  of  clothing  and  hairstyle  in  school.     Scenario  2   Oksana  often  skips  classes  without  good  reason.  How  do  I  treat  this?   Here  are  some  variants…   • Condemn  the  actions  of  a  pupil.     • Assume  that  it  is  -­‐  a  personal  matter  Oksana  and  don’t  interfere.     • Jus  be  responsive  to  the  problems  of  Oksana  and  gradually  encourage  her  to   continue  the  process  of  learning.      

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Scenario 3   Vadim  often  shows  disrespect  for  others,  for  example  by  being  rude  to  his  comrades.  What   to  do?   Here  are  some  variants…   • Try  to  avoid  communication  with  Vadim.     • Reply  to  rudeness  with  rudeness.     • "Swallow"  his  outbursts  and  carry  on  with  student  awareness  efforts.     5.  Work  in  teams  and  consider  today's  lesson  and  exercises  by  identifying  actions  that   you  can  make  a  part  of  your  life  to  prepare  for  cultural  relations  during  space  travel.   First  think  of  the  name  of  the  action  and  make  a  short  (from  2-­‐3  sentences)  text   explaining  why  you  should  act  that  way.  Then  specify  recommendations  on  how  to  do  it.       Why  act?  How  to  proceed?   Compare  thoughts  with  other  teams  and  complement  your  list  of  recommendations.     Discuss  in  general  terms:  what  feelings,  thoughts  did  today's  lesson  raise?  Is  it  easy   to  work  on  creating  a  list  of  actions?  What  are  the  advantages  and  disadvantages  of  the   actions  suggested  by  all  groups?  What  do  you  personally  get  from  compiling  such  a  list?  In   what  situations  might  these  skills  come  in  handy?     If  you're  wondering  ...about  next  step   1)  Choose  one  of  the  proposed  actions  you  are  interested  in  and  start  the  task.  This  can   support  you  in  how  to  get  new  ways  to  improve  relationship  with  others.   2)  Check  yourself  with  the  test:     Are  you  tolerant  towards  others?   1.  If  someone  makes  a  rude  joke,  what  is  your  reaction?   a)  perceive  it  as  a  joke     b)  get  offended   2.  Do  you  enjoy  being  around  people  that  mostly  care  about  their  own  interests?     a)  yes     b)  no.     3.  You  annoying  people  who  ob'yidayutsya  on  a  holiday?     a)  not     b)  so  that  more  of  them  are  not  invited.    

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4. If  a  buddy  that  was  presented  in  your  company  is  trying  to  become  the  center  of  a  party   what  do  you  think  about  it?     a)  he/she  is  a  sassy   b)  I  appreciate  it.     5.  Your  pretty  boring  girlfriend  often  asks  you  to  go  with  her  to  the  doctor  or  shopping.  What   do  you  respond  to  her  request?     a)  she  could  sometimes  run  her  errands  herself   b)  I'm  busy       6.  At  a  party  someone  begins  to  describe  the  benefits  of  past  years,  talking  about  the  ideals   that  you  think  long  obsolete.  How  do  you  respond?     a)  say  that  his/her  opinion  is  offensive  according  to  your  more  democratic  views     b)  try  not  to  listen  and  will  leave  as  soon  as  possible.     8.  If  you  have  organized  a  game  with  friends,  you  want  to:     a)  that  all  gets  to  play     b)  only  those  who  know  the  game  get  to  play   9.  What  do  you  think  of  extravagant  people?     a)  they  behave  in  an  intentionally  and  forced  way      b)  are  different  from  ordinary  people.     10.  What  is  your  opinion  about  people  who  lost  a  job?     a)  that  it  can  happen  to  everybody   b)  he/she  probably  did  not  perform  their  duties.     11.  Do  you  naviduyetesya  people,  ideas,  culture  and  lifestyle  of  your  opposite?     a)  rarely     b)  frequently.     12.  Would  you  call  someone  "stupid"  who  is  working  in  rehabilitating  drug  addicts?     a)  yes;   b)  no.     13.  Do  you  often  need  to  raise  your  voice  to  advocate  your  point  of  view?     a)  yes     b)  no.     14.  Do  you  like  the  news?     a)  yes     b)  no.     15.  Do  you  agree  with  the  fact  that  many  people  are  unable  to  perform  their  duties?     a)  yes     b)  no.       Get  answers  to  one  point  for  each  answer  by  following  table:  1a  2b  3a  4b  5b  6b  7a  8a  9b  10a   11b  12b  13a  14a  15b     Evaluation  of  results  

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10 to  15  points.  You  have  a  flexible  mind  because  you  respect  the  thoughts  and  deeds  that   are  different  from  yours,  provided  that  they  do  not  harm  your  will  -­‐  otherwise  you  have  to   tactfully  intervene.  Your  patience  is  above  average.  Perhaps  you  have  such  a  liberal  mindset   because  of  a  cultural  interest  or  a  long  stay  abroad.  Unfortunately,  those  who  don’t  know   you  well  might  take  your  tolerance  for  weakness,  trying  to  benefit  on  it.   From  5  to  9  points.  You  are  a  tolerant  person  who  can  understand  views  that  are  different   from  yours.  You  like  to  compare  your  ideas  to  the  ideas  of  others.  Even  if  a  situation  is  very   tense,  you  try  not  to  be  too  aggressive.  But  even  if  you  try  to  avoid  discourtesy  or  brutality   and  use  your  patience,  you  will  not  miss  the  occasion  to  tell  the  truth  to  those  who  hurt  you.   From  0  to  4  points.  You  are  very  straight  forward  and  you  have  clear  principles  you  uphold   firmly,  even  when  not  necessary.  You  have  difficulties  to  calmly  talk  with  someone  of  an   opposite  opinion.    You  get  easily  excited  over  nothing  and  might  start  screaming.  No  matter   what,  you  try  to  impose  your  point  of  view,  but  if  it  isn’t  appreciated,  you  just  leave,   slamming  the  door.  Your  behavior  is  rarely  sympathetic.     SECOND  MEETING.  HOW  CAN  WE  ACT  to  establish  cultural  relations   1.  Discuss  in  teams:  what  changes  have  occurred  in  your  lifestyle  and  behavior?  What   are  the  results  obtained  during  the  execution  of  the  personal  plan  of  action?   After  completion  of  the  task  present  the  results  of  the  group  activities.  The  Rapporteur   of  your  team  should  talk  about  the  issues  discussed,  interesting  moments  that  occurred   during  the  work  and  the  changes  in  the  behavior  of  the  participants.   Complete  the  discussion  in  general  terms,  on  reflection  over  the  responses  to  the  question:   did  you  get  new  thoughts,  ideas  during  the  presentation  of  the  team  meetings?  Which?     2.  Think  about  what  associations  you  have  when  you  hear  the  word  "conflict"  and   draw  them.  Present  the  pictures  to  the  class  and  explain  exactly  what  you  portrayed   and  why.  Discuss;  what  is  conflict?  What  are  its  symptoms?  What  are  its  causes  and   consequences?   Draw  an  iceberg,  remembering  that  from  1/5  to  9/10  of  the  ice  slab  is  under  water.  Think   about  what  the  association  means  to  you,  and  write  them  in  the  form  of  a  series  of   adjectives  (an  iceberg  that  is?).  Look  at  the  list  you  compiled:  Are  there  characteristics  that   could  be  attributed  to  the  "concept"  conflict,  why?   Imagine  that  you  float  on  a  small  ship  from  point  A  to  point  B,  and  on  your  way  you  meet  an   iceberg.  Imagine  as  many  ways  (even  fantastic)  that  could  help  you  overcome  this  obstacle   and  get  to  your  destination.  Record  each  of  the  proposed  options,  while  considering  its   advantages  and  disadvantages.  Is  there  a  list  of  ideal  options?  Things  to  consider  before  you   choose  one  of  them?  What  do  you  need  to  take  care  of  the  seafarers  in  case  of  a  collision   with  an  iceberg?  What  information  do  they  need  to  learn  and  how?   Consider  your  plans  for  avoiding  danger  and  think  about  whether  you  can  use  it  in  situations   of  conflict.  Imagine  what  it  will  look  like,  which  will  now  be  the  advantages  and  

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disadvantages of  each  option.  Recall  what  the  sailors  had  to  do  in  order  to  avoid  dangers  of   meeting  an  iceberg,  and  suggest  steps  required  to  exit  the  conflict.     3.  Well,  what  would  you  do  if  you  still  got  a  conflict  at  hand?  How  to  achieve  a   positive  outcome  at  the  same  time  keep  your  mental  health?  Psychologists  offer  10   useful  tips  that  can  be  applied  in  any  case,  from  family  quarrels  or  neighbor  party  to  an   international  conflict.  Read  and  discuss  each  of  the  recommendations:  how  you  keep  them   in  your  life  and  to  what  results  it  leads?     10  Tips:  How  to  behave  in  a  conflict  situation   1. Separate  the  problem  from  the  person.  Nevertheless  to  interact  directly  with  the   person  -­‐  to  look  into  the  eyes  of  the  person  you  are  having  a  disagreement  with  is   more  effective  than  sending  a  note  or  make  a  phone  call.   2. Plan  the  time  and  place  of  your  meeting.  An  inconvenient  time  and  place  to  discuss   problems  may  only  strengthen  the  issue.   3. Think  in  advance  about  your  arguments,  but  carefully  make  notes  of  evidence   strengthening  the  opposite  side.   4. Use  as  the  criterion  of  truth  conventional  standards,  not  subjective.   5. Do  not  rush  to  blame  -­‐  the  negative  emotions  only  complicate  the  search  for  the   optimal  solution.  Anger  -­‐  a  bad  assistant  in  a   dispute.     6. Avoid  expressing  condemnation.  Remember:  "Do   not  judge  -­‐  and  be  not  judged."   7. Let  your  counterpart  understand  that  his/her  point   of  view  is  heard  and  understood.  This  does  not   necessarily  mean  that  you  share  it.   8. Be  open  -­‐  discuss  all  issues,  without  leaving  "a   stone  in  his  bosom."   9. Start  by  resolving  the  “easiest”  problem.  The  mutual  settlement  will  create  an   atmosphere  of  trust  and  give  confidence  that  complex  problems  can  also  be   resolved.   10. Together  look  for  and  find  positive,  win-­‐win  solutions  and  evaluate  the  execution   together       4.  Read  the  text  "Lessons  from  the  geese",  opening  by  one  column  "Facts"  and   "Lessons".          

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FACTS Brushing  wings,  each  goose  creates  supplementary   power  for  someone  who  flies  ahead.  Flying  in  the   shape  of  the  letter  "V",  a  flock  can  overcome  during  a   day  the  distance  at  least  on  70%  greater  than  if  every   bird  flew  alone.   Whenever  a  goose  goes  beyond  the  key,  it  gets  hit   hard  against  the  wind  when  flying  alone,  and  quickly   returns.   When  the  ringleader  gets  tired,  he  retreats  back  and   let  another  goose  take  place  ahead.  To  do  contribute   in  hard  work  is  of  good  for  everyone.  

Geese, flying  behind,  shouting,  cheering  on  those   ahead,  and  keeping  pace.  

When a  goose  is  weak  or  injured  behind  the  key,  two   other  gees  relentlessly  help  and  protect  her  and   remain  with  her  until  she  can  no  longer  fly  and  dies.   Only  then  the  geese  go  on,  alone  or  with  another  key,   until  they  catch  up  with  their  own  group.  

LESSONS People  also  need  to  look  for  ways  and  means  of  how   to  move  together  and  cooperate  with  each  other  so   as  to  achieve  shared  goals  faster  and  easier.  

If people  have  as  much  common  sense  as  geese,   cooperate  with  those  moving  in  the  same  direction   which  makes  it  easier  to  overcome  life's  obstacles.   It  is  worth  to  perform  complex  tasks  one  by  one  and   share  the  responsibility  of  the  leadership.  Also,  as   geese,  people  depend  on  each  other,  from  the  unique   combination  of  abilities  and  opportunities,  talents   and  resources  of  each  other.   It  is  worth  the  strive  to  ensure  that  our  comments  are   positive,  voices  from  the  heart,  the  result  of  sincere   belief  and  expressed  support  for  the  deep  feelings  of   another  person.  Such  praise  is  by  far  the  most   effective.   Groups  where  there  is  mutual  support  are  more   productive.   If  people  have  at  least  as  much  common  sense  as   geese,  they  support  each  other  throughout  life's   journey.  

Discuss  with  your  classmates,  what  conclusions  follow  from  this  text.  Note  that  the  use  of   command  sometimes  enables  possibilities  of  a  more  efficient  achievement  of  goals…       5.  In  every  team  there  is  always  a  leader  -­‐  a  man  on  whom  a  lot  of  things  depend.   Have  you  wondered  what  qualities  are  necessary  for  a  leader?  Spend  5  minutes   brainstorming  and  define  such  leadership  qualities.  What  do  you  think  about  who  is   a  leader?  Fill  in  the  test  proposed  below.     Test  "Who  am  I?  Captain?  Steering?  Passenger?  "     If  you  want  to  learn  more  about  yourself,  then  for  every  question  note  a  truthful  answer:   "yes",  "no"  or  "don’t  know".     1.  I  always  feel  responsible  for  everything  that  happens  in  my  life.   2.  In  my  life,  there  would  be  so  many  problems  if  some  people  have  not  changed  their   attitude  towards  me.     3.  I  prefer  action  rather  than  reflection  on  the  reasons  for  my  failures.     4.  Sometimes  I  think  I  was  born  under  an  unhappy  star.     5.  I  believe  that  any  problem  can  be  solved,  and  I  really  don’t  understand  those  who   complain  of  the  difficulties  of  life.     6.  I  like  to  help  people  because  I  feel  gratitude  for  what  others  have  done  for  me.      

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7. Arguing  about  who  is  guilty  in  a  conflict  situation  usually  start  with  you.     8.  Sometimes  I  think  a  lot  about  the  people  that  influenced  my  life,  and  me  when  I  choose  to   follow  in  their  footsteps  I  got  shaped  the  way  I  am.   9.  I  believe  that  alcoholics  are  to  blame  for  their  illness.     10.  If  a  black  cat  is  crossing  the  road,  I  go  to  the  other  side  of   the  street  and  wait  for  someone  in  front  of  me  to  go  first.     11.  If  I  picked  up  a  cold,  then  I  prefer  self-­‐medication,  and  do   not  use  the  services  of  a  physician.     12.  I  think  that  in  my  aggressiveness  I  often  blame  other   people.     13.  I  am  sure  that  everyone,  regardless  of  circumstances   must  be  strong  and  independent.  14.  I  know  my  weaknesses,  but  I  would  want  the  people   around  me  treating  them  leniently.     15.  Usually  I  myryusya  a  situation  which  I  can  not  affect.     Calculate  the  total  number  of  points.  For  every  "yes"  answer  to  questions  1,  3,  5,  7,  9,  11,  13,   and  also  answer  "no"  to  questions  2,  4,  6,  8,  10,  12,  14,  15,  give  yourself  10  points,  the   answer  "don’t  know"  -­‐  5  points.     100  -­‐  150  points.  You  are  the  captain  of  your  own  life,  feeling  responsible  for  everything  that   is  happening  to  you.  Overcoming  all  difficulties,  not  transferring  them  to  the  rank  of  life's   problems.  You  see  the  goal  and  think  about  how  problems  can  be  addressed.  When  this   happens  in  your  soul  -­‐  for  others  this  could  be  a  mystery.   50  -­‐  99  points.  You  are  willing  to  see  yourself  as  a  leader,  but  you  can  if  necessary  accept  a   helping  hand  at  the  helm.  When  meeting  and  assessing  difficulties  you  show  a  realistic   flexibility,  sensitivity  and  discretion.  You  know  how  to  live  in  harmony  with  others  without   violating  the  internal  agreement  with  yourself.   Up  to  49  points.  You  are  often  a  passenger  in  your  life,  when  you  easily  feel  forced  to  obey   because  of  external  forces,  believing  that  the  circumstances  are  the  reason  for  your  destiny.   When  in  difficulties  you  blame  anyone  rather  than  yourself.  Real  independence  seem   unattainable  and  to  you  impossible.     Again,  discuss  with  classmates  what  you  think  now  about  the  most  important  qualities  of  a   leader  and  his  role  in  the  team.     6.  Analyze  today's  lesson  and  exercises,  specify  the  actions  that  you  can  make  part  of   your  life  to  prepare  for  good  relations  during  space  travel.  Work  in  teams.   First  think  of  the  name  of  the  action  and  make  a  short  (from  2-­‐3  sentences)  text  explaining   what  to  do.  Then  specify  recommendations  on  how  to  do  it.    

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Why act?     How  to  proceed?   Compare  and  share  thoughts  with  other  teams  and  complete  your  list  of  recommendations.     Using  an  imaginary  microphone,  finish  any  of  the  sentences:  "For  me,  today  was  by   far  the  most  important  ..."  "I  was  impressed  ..."  "Today  I  thought  ..."  "Today  I  felt  ...  "     If  you're  wondering  ...about  next  step   Choose  one  of  the  proposed  actions  you  are  interested  in  and  start  the  task.  This  can   support  you  in  how  to  get  new  ways  to  improve  relationship  with  others.     THIRD  MEETING.  What  will  be  the  relationship  between  the  space  travelers  during  the  trip?   Audit       In  previous  years   This  year   From  what  sources  do  you  usually       get  information?   How  do  you  get  new  information   for  you  (please,  how)?   What  subject  groups  do  you   attend?   What  sports  groups  or  sections   have  you  been  to?   What  important  abilities  and  skills   have  you  learned  from  your   parents?   What  important  skills  have  you   have  learned  from  other  people?   Did  you  attend  summer  school,   training,  trained  somewhere   other  than  school,  where?   Have  you  had  occasions  in  life   when  you  taught  others  yourself?  

Topic  11.  SUSTAINABLE  SOCIETY  –  A  SOCIETY  THAT  LEARNS    

FIRST MEETING.  WHAT  IS  a  learning  SOCIETY?     1.  Read  the  text.  Consider  whether  you  can  name  describe  a  delineated  society?   Were  these  people  happy?  Why?  Could  they  have  arrange  their  life  differently,   more  satisfying?  Why  do  you  think  so?  Which  changes  in  people's  lives  led  to  the  

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disappearance of  knowledge?  What  is  the  reason  you  think  this  happened?     Silence  was  many  generations.  Then  the  silence  ended.  Early  in  the  morning  there  was  a   roar.  People  woke  up.   Woke  up  did  also  John  Hoff  and  Mary  -­‐  his  wife.  There  were  only  two  people  in  the  cabin:   they  have  not  been  granted  the  right  to  have  a  child.  To  have  a  child,  you  need  a  vacant  seat   for  her  -­‐  should  old  Joshua  die,  they  would  get  one  and  knowing  this,  they  waited  for  his   death.   The  roar  heralded  the  end.  Thus  spoke.  He  rolled  around  the  ship.  Then  it  turned,  and  the   wall  became  the  floor,  and  the  floor  –  the  wall.  On  the  wall  that  now  was  the  floor,  there   were  littered  debris  furniture.  It  was  not  only  their  furniture:  they  had  been  used  for  many   generations.  For  here  nothing  was  lost,  nothing  is  discarded.  That  was  the  law,  one  of  the   many  laws:  you  had  no  right  to  squander,  had  no  right  to  throw  away.  Everything  used  to  the   latter  possibility.  You  ate  the  necessary  amount  of  food  -­‐  no  more  and  no  less,  drank  the   required  amount  of  water  -­‐  no  more  and  no  less,  the  same  air  breathed  again  and  again.  All   waste  going  to  the  converter,  which  turned  it  into  something  useful.  Even  the  dead  -­‐  and   those  used.  And  for  the  many  generations  that  have  passed  since  the  beginning,  there  were   many  dead...   Knowledge  was  feared  because  it  was  evil.  Many  years  ago,  as  decided  by  those  who  decide   for  all  men,  they  came  up  with  a  law  against  reading  and  burned  all  books.   A  letter  instead  said  everything  about  all  the  knowledge  you  need.  Reading  the  letter  -­‐  and   he  is  opposing  the  others,  acting  against  the  decision  taken  by  many  generations  ago  ...  And   he  learned.   He  learned  about  the  Earth  and  how  to  build  a  ship  and  send  it  to  the  stars  ...  He  learned   how  select  and  train  a  crew  ...  He  learned  about  learning  from  books  that  would  preserve   knowledge,  and  got  some  idea  about  the  psychological  aspect  of  the  project.  But  something   went  wrong.  And  not  with  the  ship,  but  with  people.  Books  were  allowed  into  the  converter.   Earth  was  forgotten  and  appeared  a  Myth,  knowledge  was  lost,  and  for  forty  generations  the   plan  was  lost.  People  lived  in  the  certainty  that  all  they  had  -­‐  it's  that  ship  -­‐  it  is  the  beginning   and  the  end  of  the  ship  and  the  people  on  it  were  created  by  some  divine  intervention,  and   that  all  their  orderly  life  goes  well  according  to  the  developed  divine  plan,  which  is  going  to   get  better.   By  K.  Say̆maka  story  "The  generation  that  achieved  the  goal"     2.  Present  the  results  in  the  teams  home  audit,  answering  the  question  of  what  are   the  way  you  get  information  and  studying?  From  a  member  of  your  team?  What   sources  of  information  do  you  usually  use?   Discuss:  What  thoughts  did  this  task  raise?  Was  it  something  that  you  are  interested  in?   Present  the  results  of  the  discussion  in  class.      

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Read the  text  and  try  to  justify  why  sustainable  society  must  necessarily  be  a  society   that  learns.       Which  society  can  be  called  a  learning  society     The  level  of  education  of  a  person  as  well  as  the  society  in  which  she  lives,  provides  an   opportunity  to  build  a  career,  earn  money,  to  realize  yourself  in  the  beloved.  The  need  for   survival  is  often  associated  with  the  need  to  acquire  new  knowledge,  learn  something.   Recall,  for  example,  the  movie  "Avatar",  where  the  protagonist  had  to  adapt  to  the  society  in   which  he  found  himself.  Only  when  he  studied  the  language,  customs  and  way  of  life  of  the   tribe,  he  was  able  to  exist  out  there.   This  is  true  also  of  our  society.  It  has  many  aspects  that  one  needs  to  know.  To  become  a  full   member  of  the  community  you  need  to  learn  first  of  all  from  the  experience  of  previous   generations.  Equal  access  to  quality  education  for  all  members  of  the  society  is  also  a  sign  of   development  and  stability  in  the  future.   Knowledge  and  skills  you  can  master  in  different  ways,  for  example:     • copying  the  experience  of  others  (the  child  learns  by  repeating  steps  adult)   • following  the  recommendation  and  advice  of  parents  and  other  authority  figures   • getting  information  from  books  and  other  media   • acquiring  knowledge  in  schools   • using  scientific  and  technological  progress   • taking  part  in  study  circles,  workshops,  attending  extracurricular  activities,  learning   courses  or     • training  others.   Modern  society  is  rapidly  changing.  You  cannot  learn  everything  once  and  for  all  to  acquire   the  knowledge  of  a  lifetime.  For  example,  things  like  mobile  phones,  computers  and  Skype   are  familiar  to  us  and  they  emerged  only  during  the  last   generation  -­‐  25  years.  Today  we  are  constantly  inventing   new  materials  and  technologies.  Therefore,  as  the  proverb   says,  -­‐  "You  live,  and  learn."   For  continuous  professional  development  people  could   watch  the  news  in  a  chosen  profession  just  to  be   competent  and  competitive.  And  sometimes  learn  new   skills,  because  previous  ones  become  old  and  not  so   suitable  any  more.     Tasks  for  group  projects   Joining  together  in  small  groups,  choose  one  of  the  tasks  yourself  for  research  over  the  next   week.        

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Group 1   Explore  how  in  history  man  passed  knowledge  from  generation  to  generation.   Present  the  results  of  your  research  in  the  form  of  a  list  of  proposals  for  the   organization  of  training  residents  on  the  spaceship.  Your  opinion  must  be  reasoned.       Group  2   Explore  what  lifelong  learning  is  and  what  are  its  prerequisites  in  the  country.   Present  the  results  of  your  research  in  the  form  of  a  list  of  proposals  for  such   studies  were  dressed.  Your  opinion  must  be  reasoned.     Group  3   Investigate  ways  that  lifelong  learning  exists  in  the  world  and  which  ones  do  you   think  meet  the  needs  of  sustainable  development.  Present  research  results  in  the   form  of  a  list  of  proposals.  Your  opinion  must  be  reasoned.     Group  4   Explore  ways  in  which  people  get  information  today.  Present  the  results  of  your   research  in  the  form  of  a  list  of  proposals  for  the  organization  to  inform  residents  of   the  spaceship.  Your  opinion  must  be  reasoned.     Group  5   Investigate  problems  related  to  training  and  education  that  exist  in  the  world  today.   What  programs  are  there  to  address  these  problems  offered  by  the  international   community?  Discuss  that  with  what  you  learned  it  would  be  wise  to  use  for   travelling  in  harmony  on  a  spaceship.         Discuss  in  general  terms:  what  during  class  seemed  most  important  to  you  personally?  What   was  interesting?  What  would  you  like  to  learn  now?  What  are  you  planning  to  study  in  the   future?  What  abilities,  skills  and  knowledge  do  you  need  to  build  a  happy  life?     If  you're  wondering  ...about  the  next  step   Prepare  a  research  project  of  your  group.            

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SECOND MEETING.  How  to  provide  lifelong  learning   1.  Present  your  findings  to  the  class.  After  each  presentation,  discuss:  what  ideas   seem  relevant  for  planning  a  trip?       2.  Because  you  were  just  asked  to  take  part  in  a  space  travel,  there  is  a  need  to   prepare  for  the  learning  process,  based  on  sustainable  development.  This  will  help   lower  the  proposed  concrete  steps  that  you  can  implement  in  your  daily  life.  Read  and   discuss  the  steps  in  teams.  Identify  those  that  each  of  you  will  choose  for  yourself.       Learning  from  others  by  asking  questions     Why  act?   Without  question,  there  can’t  be  knowledge.  The  more  a  person  knows  -­‐  the  wider  the  range   of  new  questions.     How  to  proceed?   • Ask  questions  whenever  possible,  make  them  short  and  clear.  Long,  complex,  vague   questions  tend  to  complicate  the  understanding  and  the  search  for  answers.   • Formulate  questions.  To  check  its  correctness  should  find  out  the  truth  of  the   content.  For  example,  the  question  "How  high  do  crocodiles  fly?"  means  that  there   are  crocodiles  and  they  can  fly.  The  last  statement  is  false,  so  the  question  is   incorrect.   • If  the  question  is  complex  and  difficult,  it  is  better  to  break  it  down  in  a  few  simple.     • In  difficult  questions  you  need  to  specify  all  the  possible  alternatives.  For  example:   "What  do  you  think  of  this  summer  -­‐  very  hot  or  very  cold?"  There  is  no  other   opportunities  -­‐  warm,  cool,  etc..     Finding  information  on  the  Internet   Why  act?     The  concept  of  "information"  (from  the  Latin  informatio)  means  a  message  or  information   about  any  event.  Once  people  have  gathered  the  information,  bit  by  bit,  but  now  we  are   talking  about  an  increasing  avalanche  of  data  like  an  information  explosion,  we  are  entering   the  society  of  information.  Evidence  of  this  is  the  Internet,  which  continues  to  grow  rapidly   and  change  -­‐  daily  and  even  hourly.  Lots  of  people  are  using  the  information  on  the  Internet   everyday  and  therefore  it  is  necessary  that  the  information  posted  on  it,  is  accurate,  reliable   and  proven.  But  today  that  is  not  the  case  –  instead  anyone  can  post  their  thoughts  on  a   website.    

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How to  proceed?   • When  looking  at  a  site,  see  if  you  can  separate  facts  from  interpretations,  look  for  the   actual  events  and  separate  it  from  the  assumptions  and  conclusions.   • Find  an  article  that  presents  different  perspectives,  and  compare  them.     • Identify  the  author  of  the  site  and  date  of  posting.     • Look  to  see  if  you  can  identify  what  purpose  the  authors  behind  the  Web  page  wants   to  display   • Check  whose  materials  are  put  up  on  the  site  –  is  it  only  the  authors’  materials  or  are   there  materials  also  by  others?  Are  they  citing  their  sources  in  a  correct  way?     • Check  whether  the  texts  are  bias:  one-­‐sided  information.  Look  if  you  can  spot  an   underlying  meaning  –  evaluating  words  can  be  a  give  away.  Do  you  get  a  feeling  that   all  information  is  there  or  is  something  deliberately  concealed?  Whose  interests  are   presented  on  the  site?  Whose  ideas  and  needs  are  left  unattended?     Use  the  TV  as  a  source  of  information   Why  act?   Television  has  the  largest  audience  of  all  media,  its  importance  in  people's  daily  life  cannot   be  overemphasized.  TV  informs,  teaches,  advises,  entertains,  engages  in  the  discussion,   influences,  forms,  offers  its  own  special  "product"  -­‐  teleinformation.  Its  contents  are  very   varied:  entertainment  and  information,  cultural  and  sports  programs,  movies  and  talk   shows.  If  the  viewer  needs  certain  information,  most  likely  it  will  be  able  to  find  it  on   television.   TV  has  a  significant  impact  on  the  minds  of  viewers  and  has  various  opportunities  to   manipulate  it.     How  to  proceed?   • Be  aware  of  that  the  idea  of  life,  which  you  see  at  the  screen,  and  life  itself  –   sometimes  are  completely  different  things.   • Check  the  information  obtained  from  TV  programs,  use  other  sources.     • Constantly  remember  that  television  -­‐  the  tens  or  hundreds  of  people  (not  so  many   work  there  actually)  who  are  sometimes  trying  to  influence  the  public  opinion.  Their   position  does  not  always  reflect  the  truth.     • Don’t  identify  yourself  emotionally  with  the  characters  at  the  television.     • Learn  to  turn  off  the  TV  sometimes.   • See  news  different  channels  to  your  opinion  about  the  events  are  not  formed   lopsided.   • Separate  obtained  information  from  an  emotional  package  

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Sometimes just  forget  about  the  facts.  Remember  that  the  important  information   that  pushed  us  to  the  serious  life  decisions  and  internal  changes  may  be  hidden  in  a   pile  of  junk  information.   From  time  to  time,  try  "fasting  days"  -­‐  do  not  use  the  TV.  

  Read  thoughtfully     Why  act?   Few  read,  simply  making  the  letters  in  words  and  remembering  them.  In  the  giant  number  of   texts  that  surround  us  today  you  find  both  useful  and  harmful  information  –  both  in  facts   literature  and  fictional.  With  thoughtful  reading  skills,  you  will  be  able  to  resist  manipulation.       How  to  proceed?     • Understand  text,  formulate  their  own  opinions,  ask  questions,  and  those  answers  are   ambiguous  and  need  to  search  multiple  sources.   • Do  not  read  the  text  mechanically  -­‐  think  and  read,  try  to  form  your  own  reasoned   opinion  on  the  information  that  it  contains.   • Be  aware  of  that  all  texts  consist  of  the  materials  the  author  chooses,  treats  his  own   way,  sometimes  consciously  or  unconsciously.  Therefore,  the  reader  can  gain  a  lot  by   critically  interpret  the  reading.   • Always  worth  ponder:  why  the  text  was  written?  By  and  for  whom?  Do  I  agree  with   this?       Teaching  others   Why  act?   Everyone  is  a  source  of  information  -­‐  knowledge,  experience,  skills,  and  you  -­‐  not  an   exception,  and  thus  you  can  transfer  your  knowledge  and  skills  to  others.     How  to  proceed?   • Instead  of  letting  a  classmate  mess  up  his  homework,  try  to  explain  stuff  to  him.   • Spend  some  time  with  younger  students  talking  about  a  topic  that  you  are  interested   in.     • Organize  a  group  at  school  or  in  the  community  where  you  and  your  peers  teach   younger  students/children  things  you  know.   • Create  a  newsletter,  newspaper,  where  you  write  interesting  things  that  you  learned.   • Volunteer  as  an  assistant  teacher  -­‐  help  in  conducting  the  lesson.    

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Find out  where  besides  school,  you  can  learn  something  useful  or  interesting   Why  act?   Around  you  there  are  plenty  of  opportunities  for  learning  outside  the  formal  education   system.  There  are  courses  (including  the  Internet),  distance  learning,  libraries  and   audiobooks,  CDs  with  information,  blogs  and  educational  websites,  as  well  as  many  other   options.  A  person  who  wants  to  learn  something  new,  always  find  where  to  satisfy  their   desire  for  information.     How  to  proceed?   • Find  out  whether  there  are  nearby  sections,  associations,  hobby  groups:  school,   home,  work,  extracurricular  institutions  and  others.   • Formulate  Internet  search  request  for  distance  learning  courses  in  the  field  that   interests  you  (for  example,  to  create  your  own  website),  and  search  for  information.   • Learn  about  the  public  and  other  organizations  that  conduct  training  in  your  area.   • Choose  an  interesting  path  and  try  another  form  of  training.     3.  Perhaps  you  can  suggest  some  more  ways  to  the  class  on  how  to  create  a  learning   society?  Describe  them,  explaining  why  and  how  to  act.       4.  Choose  your  actions  that  you  think  would  help  you  to  become  a  learner  in  the   learning  society.  Make  a  personal  plan  of  action  for  a  week  in  preparation  for  the   tight  control  of  the  life  during  a  stellar  expedition.  Present  it  to  your  team.         Determine  on  the  basis  of  the  following  criteria,  how  effectively  you  use  different   possibilities  in  life  to  learn:   • I  always  know  where  and  how  I  can  learn  and  find  a  way  to  do  it     • I  know  where  and  how  I  can  learn,  but  not  always  find  my  way  anyway     • I  know  where  I  can  learn,  but  do  not  know  how  to  use  these  methods  of  learning     • I  do  not  know  where  and  how  can  I  learn  what  I  would  like  to.   Share  your  thoughts  with  the  class.      If  you're  wondering  ...about  the  next  steps  

Choose activities  that  interest  you,  and  start  doing  them.  Try  to  find  new  ways  of  learning.      

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THIRD MEETING.  HOW  TO  ORGANIZE  TRAINING  DURING  FLIGHT       1.  Discuss  in  teams:  what  changes  have  occurred  in  your  lifestyle  and  behavior?   What  are  the  results  obtained  during  the  time  you  tested  your  personal  plan  of   action?   Presents  the  groups  activities.  The  rapporteur  of  your  team  should  talk  about  aspects  that   were  discussed,  interesting  moments  that  occur  during  operation,  as  well  as  changes  in  the   behavior  of  the  participants.   Complete  the  discussion  in  general  terms  and  ponder  the  answers  to  the  question:  did  you   get  new  thoughts  and  ideas  during  the  presentation  of  the  team  meetings?  Which?     2.  Discuss  in  teams,  what  changes  would  you  like  to  make  to  the  plan  of  the   expedition  in  the  light  of  the  ideas  that  have  arisen  in  previous  phases  of  work  on   the  topic  "sustainable  society  -­‐  a  society  that  learns."  Note  that  you  need  to  solve   the  organizational  problems  of  the  participants  of  flight  training  and  transfer  of  experience.   Draw  your  thoughts  with  diagrams,  pictures  and  in  what  other  ways  you  like.  Presents  the   results.     Discuss:  What  are  your  impressions  of  the  new  plans  commands?  What  has   changed?  Why?  What  (what  knowledge,  skills)  are  you  missing  today?  What  would  I  like  to   know  more  about?  What  have  you  personally  learned  during  the  lessons  on  the  theme   "Sustainable  society  -­‐  a  society  that  learns"?  Will  you  have  use  for  it  in  your  daily  lives?     SECTION  V.  SUMMARY     TOPIC  1.  LESSONS  OVER  ...  WHAT'S  NEXT     1.  What  you  would  say  was  the  most  important  in  the  course  "Lessons  of  sustainable   development?     2.  Gather  in  small  groups  and  draw  on  a  large  sheet  of  paper  a  line  of  the  course.  In   this  exercise  -­‐  recall  all  topics  that  you  met   during  the  school  year,  put  their  segments  on   the  line.  Determine  your  level  of  interest  in  each   section,  noting  its  height  and  character  lines:  the   greater  the  interest  in  the  topic,  the  higher  it  will  rise.   If  the  issue  seemed  less  interesting,  the  curve  is  gentle,   and  if  it  caused  you  difficulties,  it  can  be  represented   by  a  dotted  line.  With  different  colors  and  line  

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thickness testify  your  relationship  to  each  topic.  Prepare  for  the  presentation  of  your  to  the   work  class.   Discuss:  what  can  these  course  lines  reveal  when  you  analyze  and  evaluate  them?  Compare   the  results  of  the  groups.  What  can  such  a  comparison  show?     3.  Take  a  bright  marker  and  circle  your  palm  on  a  piece  of  paper,  write  your  name   inside  the  drawn  palm  and  continue  the  statement:  -­‐  "The  most  interesting  thing  in   the  course  for  me  was..."  -­‐  "The  most  valuable  part  of  the  course  I  believe  was...".  -­‐   "My  contribution  to  the  class  of  the  course"  Lessons  in  Sustainable  Development  "-­‐  ..."   Put  your  work  on  the  board  and  publish.     Become  united  in  a  circle  and  complete  the  final  lesson  "whisk  wishes."    

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LESSONS FOR SUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENT  

Guide for students in grades 9-10, sample of teaching materials produced in the ESDA project, a collaboration between Teachers for Democracy...

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