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Volume 26 Issue 2 Summer 2014


2014 Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan Heritage Architecture Excellence Awards


Indian Industrial School Cemetery Saskatchewan Architecture Book Wins Prestigious Book Prize in U.S.A.

Heritage Partnership Fund FUNDING FOR COMMUNITY-BASED HERITAGE INITIATIVES If you have a project that needs money to Help Heritage Happen in your community next spring or summer visit our website right away or call the office at 306-359-0933 or at 1-877-903-0933.

Here's a brief description of each of the four grants. Heritage Site Consultant Report Grant (Maximum $1,000) Success with any conservation project depends on its viability. AHSS supports conservation through providing grants for professional services like structural analysis, architectural design, legal consultation, and construction cost analysis to provide building owners the opportunity to more accurately gauge the feasibility, cost, and methodology for site conservation and re-use.

Heritage Forums Grant (Maximum $1,500) This matching grant program is intended to help community-based organizations to defray costs of hosting conferences, presentations, panel discussions, seminars, workshops, awards ceremonies, and other educational forums that encourage or empower people of the community or province to acknowledge, preserve and/or promote their built historic and cultural heritage.

Heritage Publications Grant (Maximum $1,500) This matching grant is intended to help community-based organizations to defray the cost of printing materials that promote public interest in membership, local programs and activities.

Heritage Communications Grant (Maximum $200) This matching grant is intended to help the Society's community-based organizations to defray the cost of printing brochures or programs that promote public participation in local forums like conferences, presentations, panel discussions, seminars, workshops, awards ceremonies, walking tours, and other educational forums that encourage or empower people of the community or province to acknowledge, preserve and/or promote their built historic and cultural heritage.

Visit for further details and applications.

Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan HELPING HERITAGE HAPPEN

We are booking advertising space for the Winter 2014-2015 issue now.


To reserve your space, please contact AHSS Administration 202 - 1275 Broad Street, Regina, SK S4R 1Y2 Phone: 306-359-0933 or 1-877-431-1399 Toll free Email:




Any person, family or organization may subscribe to WORTH free of charge by calling (306) 359-0933 or 1-877-903-0933

toll free. Return undeliverable copies to: WORTH Magazine 202 – 1275 Broad St. Regina, Saskatchewan S4R 1Y2


MAGAZINE is committed to controlling collection, use and disclosure of personal information provided by our readers. We may contact readers periodically, conducting market research in an effort to improve the magazine. DISCLAIMER:

The information and views set out in this magazine are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official opinion of AHSS.


IN THIS ISSUE VOLUME 26 ISSUE 2 SUMMER 2014 WORTH Magazine is published by the Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan (AHSS) Inc. Submissions to WORTH are welcomed and are assumed to be factually correct. We reserve the right to edit copy for clarity and length. Copy submission deadlines: Spring edition:

February 25

Summer Edition:

May 15

Winter Edition:

September 15

Editor: Design:

Joe Ralko b-creative group

© 2009 ISSN 1926-3198

Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan Heritage Architecture Excellence Award ........................................... 4 Adaptive Reuse - Ross School, Moose Jaw ....................................................... 5 Wilson School, Saskatoon .................................................... 6 Exterior Restoration - St. Elias Orthodox Church, Rhein .................................... 7 Rehabilitation - The Grant Hall, Moose Jaw .................................................... 8 Sympathetic New Construction - Browns Socialhouse, Moose Jaw ................... 9 Stonebridge Special Use Park, Saskatoon...................................................... 10 Landscape Engineering and Agricultural Works Education, Signage, Monuments and Interpretation - The Original Humboldt . 11 Long-Term Stewardship - Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Church, Canora ..... 12

A Year of Transition for the Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan ................................................................. 13 Future of Former Regina Indian Industrial School Cemetery ......... 14 In The News ..................................................................................... 18

ON OUR COVER: The lobby of The Grant Hall, one of eight projects bestowed with the prestigious Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan Architectural Heritage Excellence Award. Photo by Joe Ralko

Saskatchewan Architecture Book Wins Prestigious Book Prize in U.S.A ....................................................................... 19 Meet the Board of Directors – Brian Bell, Moose Jaw ..................... 20 Conserving the Past by Sharon Deason .......................................... 21 Brick By Brick by Frank Korvemaker .............................................. 22 Become a Society Member .............................................................. 23

Printed on recycled paper. Titan coated paper contains 10% recycled content. Acid and elemental chlorine free.



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Heritage Architecture Excellence Awards


he Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan has recognized the efforts of owners, architects and contractors to preserve the province's built heritage through an awards program since 1996. The name of the program and even the name of the not-for-profit society have evolved over the years. Goals and objective have remained the same – to help heritage happen across Saskatchewan. Her Honour the Honourable Vaughn Solomon Schofield became Saskatchewan's 21st Lieutenant Governor in 2012. She is the third lieutenant governor to be patron of the Society's prestigious awards. This year three projects from Moose Jaw, two from

Saskatoon and one each from Canora, Humboldt and one near Rhein were recognized. This brings the total number of projects to have achieved this honour since inception of the program to 147. Dedicated to promotion, protection and preservation of Saskatchewan's built heritage for residents and visitors to our province, the Society has a province-wide membership of almost 400 individuals and is a federally-registered charity. There now are eight award categories. However, the adjudication committee continues to reserve the right not to have to bestow awards in each category every year.

CATEGORIES FOR BUILDING PROJECTS 1. Exterior Restoration – Preservation or restoration of a heritage exterior. 2. Interior Conservation – Preservation or restoration of a heritage interior. 3. Rehabilitation – Sensitive and innovative solutions to functional and code compliance problems, retaining existing heritage character. 4. Adaptive Re-Use – Sensitive upgrades and associated new construction consistent with original heritage character. 5. Sympathetic New Construction – Sensitive in-fill, additions, signage, detailing and replicas. 6. Landscape, Engineering and Agricultural Works – Conservation or rehabilitation of buildingrelated landscapes and/or utilitarian construction that may have architectural features.

CATEGORIES FOR COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT 7. Education, Signage, Monuments & Interpretation – Interpretive programs, publications, trails, signs and monuments. 8. Long-term Stewardship of a Heritage Property – This category was created in 2009 to recognize continuing efforts by owners to maintain their heritage property.

Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan HELPING HERITAGE HAPPEN



Adaptive Reuse

Ross School 1300 Willow Avenue, Moose Jaw


uilt in 1913 at a cost of $173,000 Ross School featured quality cladding materials such as North Dakota Hebron brick, Tyndall limestone and granite, indicative of the optimism of the community at the time of construction. It opened in 1914 as an elementary school until being converted to a military hospital in 1917. It re-opened in 1920 as an elementary school but also served as both a high school and normal school. Called into service again in 1939 and converted to military barracks until 1945 when it once again became an elementary school. The gymnasium was added in 1974. Ross School closed in 2007, was designated as a Municipal Heritage Building in 2010 and purchased in 2011 by Betchar Holdings, Saskatoon Sk. It was completely restructured and rebuilt from the inside to allow the relocation of load bearing walls and the addition of a mezzanine level in

the former gymnasium. There was 36,000 square feet of office space created for this building's new purpose. The renovations were undertaken to meet LEED's Standards with final certification within the coming months. From the fire suppression system to the sophisticated zone controlled HVAC systems, this building equals the performance of most high quality new buildings. A thermal insulating product, Quik-Therm, was used to insulate the walls to allow breathing and a drain plane for moisture. Special additives were used to reduce the weight of concrete by 50 per cent plus when leveling the floors to where hallways

and classrooms had previously been. Over seven miles of piping was installed to accommodate heating and water supply needs. Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) is localized such that every 150 to 200 square feet of the building can be heated or cooled to a different temperature. Windows previously filled in were re-opened and 160, high-efficient windows were installed in the style of the original windows. Owners: Brent Suer, Dale Pollon, Partners Betchar Holding Saskatoon, Sk. Contractors: Suer & Pollon Mechanical Partnership, Saskatoon, Sk. Project Manager: Glen Heck, Betchar Holdings Architects: Dave Anderson and Yogi Subramonian of ADA Architecture, Saskatoon, Sk. Citation prepared by Brian Bell, President, Heritage Moose Jaw



Adaptive Reuse

Affinity Campus Formerly Wilson Elementary School, 902 7th Avenue North, Saskatoon


he Affinity Campus situated in an older City Park neighbourhood in Saskatoon is honoured in the category of “adaptive re-use”. Formerly Wilson Elementary School constructed in 1928 it was elegantly designed of reinforced concrete with a façade of wine coloured bricks and Tyndall trim all of which have been preserved. The new addition includes a glass outer shell wall on the north entrance which encloses the original exterior façade, the cornerstone and Tyndall stone. The awards committee agreed that enough of the original building was retained that it would effectively memorialize the school for those who had been students over the years.

It was felt that the new construction, although of a contrasting style, honoured the former building since bricks were salvaged and whole areas reconstructed so that they looked like the original walls. The whole project is an excellent example of blending the new with the old and will now last several more decades preserving its role as a major neighbourhood landmark. Owners: Affinity Holding Inc. and Presidio Holding Inc. Contractor: Karl Miller of Meridian Development Group Architect: Derek Kindrachuk of Kindrachuk Agrey Architecture Craftpersons: City Masonry Ltd. and Meridian Development Corporation Citation prepared by Michel Fortier



Exterior Restoration

St. Elias Orthodox Church North West Section 4 - Township 28 Range 1 West of the 2nd Meridian Near Rhein, Sk.


even years after Vasyl Palamaryk left Ukraine to establish a homestead northeast of Rhein in 1900, he and his family donated land for a church. Jacob Achtemichuk and his father donated spruce logs that were milled for use in the 1912 construction of that church. The congregation was served by clergy of the Russian Orthodox Mission to North America, the precursor of today's Orthodox Church in America. Of special significance is the St. Elias Orthodox Church style, a Canadian adaptation of churches in the Boyko region of Ukraine. Particularly rare is the continuous wide eave midway between the ground and the roof, designed to protect the lower walls from the elements. The last service in St. Elias was held in the late 1960s or early 1970s. Deterioration of the building followed.

In 2011, however, Vasyl Palamaryk's descendents decided to honour the memory of their loved ones by preserving the exterior of the church and belltower, a project carried out by Vasyl's grandsons, Joe Achtemichuk of Portage La Prairie and Horace Paulmark of Winnipeg, along with Joe's wife, Tess. The project, which included exterior painting, window replacements, and repair of the roof and mid-wall eaves, was completed in 2013.

At a time when so many churches are being destroyed or left to crumble, Vasyl Palamaryk's descendents chose to preserve one that, while personally important to them, is located far from their own homes. They asked for no financial assistance. Adding to the value of their stewardship is the fact that St Elias is one of few pioneer churches in Canada to still include the Boyko-style mid-wall eave. For these reasons they well deserve the Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan Heritage Architecture Excellence Award in the Category of Exterior Restoration. Owner: Archdiocese of Canada, Orthodox Church in America Contractors: Joe and Tess Achtemichuk of Portage la Prairie, Mb.; Horace Paulmark of Winnipeg Citation prepared by Marg Hryniuk




The Grant Hall 401 Main Street, Moose Jaw


he Grant Hall Hotel was built in 1927 with a concrete frame and in a classical revival design. Prominently situated on Main Street in Moose Jaw at the entrance to Crescent Park it is five stories, clad in brick with a rusticated base, limestone surrounds with belt courses and an ornamental cornice. Over the years, the hotel hosted an impressive array of visitors ranging from royalty, music celebrities and prime ministers. It was the place to be for many decades, before its slide in 1968 when it was sold and resold, finally ceasing operations in 1989. It remained vacant and vandalized until 2000 when Verna Alford and the Burrowing Owl Investment Corporation purchased it. The interior had been completely destroyed by vandals and the weather. 8

Today, after 13 years of restorations and rehabilitation, the Grant Hall has reopened as a multi-purpose facility offering hotel rooms, a public dining room and lounge, billiard room, banquet and board rooms and alternative retirement suites. There is also the Olive Tasting Room, the Salon & Spa 306 and an office donated for two years to the Five Hills Health Region for fund raising. The heating and air conditioning supply is now provided through a geothermal ground source. One hundred twenty pipes were drilled


150 feet into the ground through the basement to achieve this. The former indoor pool has been converted to a 24-seat theatre for residents and hotel guests. The Grant Hall is back in all its glory and stands proud in downtown Moose Jaw. No expense was spared to ensure the restoration got it right and maintained the highest standards possible. It meets Verna Alford's original vision she had for this project: “I have seen it at its worst and I want to see it at its best.� Owner: Verna Alford and Burrowing Owl Investment Corporation Citation by Brian Bell, President, Heritage Moose Jaw

Sympathetic New Construction

Browns Socialhouse 11 River Street, Moose Jaw


ocated in Moose Jaw on the corner of River Street and Main Street, a new building has been constructed to accommodate Browns Socialhouse restaurant. This is the entrance to the River Street Project that Little Chicago Developments has proposed to recreate the architecture of the 1920-30s. This is the first building constructed for this project. All building materials are conventional with the design taking into consideration window sizing and build outs, massing of building, roof lines, parapet details, brick work and exterior colours. At the present time, architectural guidelines for the Downtown Heritage District of Moose Jaw are only recommended not required. The developers chose to be sympathetic to the existing heritage architecture of

the downtown as it fits their plans to recreate historic River Street. After deciding to open a new location for Browns Socialhouse in Moose Jaw, Rob and his brother Kelly Burns, owners of the Browns Socialhouse locations in Saskatchewan, were pleased the new buildings design and appearance was what they were striving to achieve. They circulated an artist rendering of the new restaurant design to their other franchises, who were envious and knew it would be a great building in an excellent location. This is the third new building on this block of Main Street that has been designed and built to be sympa-

thetic to the existing downtown heritage architecture. Hopefully it will go a long way to dispel any myths that there is limited interest in the business community to construct or renovate buildings within heritage districts that are sympathetic to the neighbourhoods architecture. Owners: Little Chicago Developments, Moose Jaw, Sk. Contractor: Racon Consulting, Moose Jaw, Sk. Contractor: C & S Builders, Moose Jaw, Sk. Architect: Hearth Architectural Inc., Vancouver, B. C. with Tilbury Design Ltd., Moose Jaw, Sk. Citation prepared by Brian Bell, President, Heritage Moose Jaw



Landscape Engineering and Agricultural Works

Stonebridge Special Use Park Patricia Roe Park, 555 Hunter Road - Mark Thompson Park, 122 Rempel Manor South-Central, Saskatoon


ometimes architectural heritage is not about existing buildings so much as buildings that are not built. In the case of the Stonebridge Park, a residential development in Saskatoon, heritage was preserved by the decision to avoid building on a heritage landscape. In the early 1800s, when the railway first reached Saskatchewan, Saskatoon's early settlers travelled from the Moose Jaw railhead by wagon along what became known as the Moose Jaw Trail. A century later, the wagon ruts from this trail still remained, a 600metre stretch the earliest physical reminder of the city's founding. The City of Saskatoon, although preparing for significant expansion of its built-up residential area, took note of this relic and its historical significance. They also recognized the heritage, archaeological, environmental and recreational value of the surrounding natural landscape, determining to


create a comprehensive area plan that preserved all these elements, not to prevent urban development but to enhance it. A collaborative process, involving institutional, commercial and public stakeholders, was established to create a master plan that saved the best preserved part of the trail and its surrounding context. This landscape plan was then integrated with the natural and recreational system for the entire community. It was further enhanced by involvement of the heritage, arts and culture community who developed compatible commemorative, artistic and interpretive features. The result is not something that merely preserves or retains the historic site but a project that brings it to life, both as a feature attraction for the local community and a significant landmark of regional importance. People may come for the recreational opportunities; they discover the history.


This project did more than merely delay development for another time. Rather, the site is now high in public consciousness, elevated in importance and ensured of protection for years to come. And for the developer, this project wasn't so much a cost as an investment, raising the profile and value of the neighbourhood. This is a great model of collaborative development. Not only as collaboration among people and groups but as a successful accommodation of otherwise competing interests. It was executed by DREAM Asset Management (formerly Dundee Development), Stantec Consulting Limited, Campbell Patterson Landscape Architects, Wilco Contractors Southwest, and the Jim Arnholt Studio. Credit also goes to the City of Saskatoon and all those who served the planning process, for their original vision and the resulting plan. Citation prepared by Rod Stutt

Education, Signage, Monuments and Interpretation

Original Humboldt Humboldt, Sk.


he Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan is dedicated to telling the stories of the buildings which tell the stories of Saskatchewan. Sometimes these buildings disappear but the stories remain. And they are important. The original Humboldt telegraph station no longer exists. And, even in its prime, it was no more than a simple cabin, hardly the grand or elegant building that we often celebrate as architectural heritage. But this otherwise-forgotten cabin and the site on which it stood pertains to some of the most important stories in Saskatchewan history. And these stories will survive due to the efforts of the Original Humboldt Committee, who are honoured in the category of Education, Signage, Monuments and Interpretation. During the fur trade era, the “original Humboldt� site, about eight kilometres south of the current city of Humboldt, was first known to First Nations and early Europeans as an important crossroads, where several trails met. The Carleton Trail, in particular, was important as a major trade route between the Red River Settlement and the Athabasca region.

Then, in 1876, prior to the betterknown construction of the CPR along a southerly route through Regina, the earliest arrival of Canadian settlement was the construction of the Dominion Telegraph line along a more northerly route, following the Carleton Trail, linking what would eventually become Saskatchewan to the government and business interests in eastern Canada. As part of this telegraph system, George and Catherine Weldon arrived and built their original cabin. Catherine was one of the first female telegraph operators in the west and this alone makes the original Humboldt area worthy of note. It would become even more significant during the 1885 Northwest Resistance when General Middleton established a fortified camp at the telegraph site, which was to be his centre of communications. It was consequently a major transshipment site and became a strategic

military post during the campaign. The Original Humboldt Committee, working with many others, has rediscovered, documented and preserved this history. Thanks to their fundraising, archaeological research, publications, educational materials, signage and commemorative events, the site and it role in Saskatchewan history now benefit from the public awareness and official recognition that it deserves. It is the only historic site in Canada to mark the development of the original telegraph line and its vital role in Saskatchewan history. Owner: City of Humboldt Contractor: Original Humboldt committee of the Humboldt and District Museum and Gallery Citation prepared by Rod Stutt


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Long-term Stewardship of a Heritage Property

Holy Trinity, Ukrainian Orthodox Church 710 Main Street, Canora


anora's Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Church was built in 1928 according to a design by Temish Pavlychenko. Today, this designer and, particularly, the symbol he prominently featured in his design are of poignant significance. Pavlychenko was a teacher in Ukraine when, in 1917, he joined others seeking independence for Ukraine. This led to time in jail but also membership in the parliament of the Ukrainian National Republic, which chose the Trident as its symbol. The republic soon fell, and Pavlychenko immigrated to Canada in 1927. How, a year later, he was able to design Holy Trinity is unknown, but his history tells why he placed a Trident, which has been Ukraine's official coat of arms since it became an independent republic in 1991,


above the main entrance and at the base of the crosses. More generally, Pavlychenko's eclectic Holy Trinity design, as well as his similar design for Melville's St. Mary's Ukrainian Orthodox Church, is unique in Saskatchewan and probably Canada as well. Holy Trinity served its congregation until, when a larger church was constructed, it closed in 1963. Designated a Municipal Heritage Site in 1984, it was subsequently restored inside and out, and maintenance has been continuous ever since. Holy Trinity remains a landmark on the main street of a community


proud of both its ethnic heritage and its Canadian successes. To illustrate the latter, it might have been moved or destroyed, but instead its parishioners chose preservation. Furthermore, at a time when Ukrainian independence, as symbolized by the Trident, is again under siege, it is fitting that the conservators of Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Church receive the Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan Heritage Architecture Excellence Award in the category of Long-Term Stewardship of a Heritage Property. Owner: Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity Parish, Canora, as represented by its Board of Directors Citation prepared by Marg Hryniuk

2013 was a year of transition for the Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan By Douglas Hallman for Moose Jaw Express MOOSE JAW, SK. – The Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan (AHSS) recently held its 2013 Annual Meeting with a morning session open to the public. Those in attendance included Mayor Deb Higgins and Councilor Don Mitchell. Joe Ralko, Publicist and Project Co-ordinator for Reading Town Canada, chaired the session, and the agenda included reports from the president and the treasurer. Dr. Rod Stutt is the current president of AHSS, as well as being head of the Architectural Technologies Program at SIAST in Moose Jaw. The mission of the society is to “advocate for conservation of the province's built heritage, primarily through public education and recognition.” In background material provided for the meeting, it was stated that “The Society's directors have of late been thinking more about the future rather than the past; about what we want to make possible. We want to conserve the spirit of the place, story and tradition, but also to encourage and reward sensitive new design and development. We want to enable a viable future for built heritage.” In the “President's Message,” Dr. Stutt described 2013 as a year of transition. “Among other things, there has been a need to reassess the organization's goals,” said Stutt. “We want more interaction with the public and local groups.” He cited recent presentations at the Canadian Club and the Rotary Club of Moose Jaw as examples of building awareness in the community.

The 2013 Annual General Meeting of the Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan was held in Moose Jaw. Society president (centre of photo at bottom left) chats with Moose Jaw mayor Deb Higgins and city councilor Don Mitchell following the Annual General Meeting.

One important component of Stutt's work is to concentrate on a more expansive definition of “Heritage,” one that moves beyond the concept of “Old” to an emphasis on “community identity.” “We tell the stories of the buildings that in turn tell the stories of Saskatchewan,” said Stutt. “As we proceed through the next five years...we will have more partners, more storytellers, more volunteers and more participants.” The Internet is a key area for the Society's future development. There are plans for a map-based site that directs the way to the images and stories of the province's architectural heritage. Initially, it will promote significant historic properties, museums and landmarks as well as heritage parks and creative industries, bed

and breakfast businesses, campsites and restaurants. Visitors will be able to build weekend getaways on the web. A second website will be an integrated, one-stop searchable service that connects and links the public to all possible built heritage and advice. The president concluded his remarks by saying that 2013 was an important year. “We reflected on our more than 25 years of accomplishments and opportunities for improvement while looking ahead to the future.” W Reprinted, with permission, from the Moose Jaw Express for the Week of April 21, 2014.

Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan HELPING HERITAGE HAPPEN


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Future of Former Regina Indian Industrial School Cemetery

By Joe Ralko

The Regina Indian Industrial School began operation before the Province of Saskatchewan was established in 1905.

REGINA – Most of the faded wooden fence that once framed the cemetery established in conjunction with the Regina Indian Industrial Residential School adjacent Pinkie Road, about a kilometre north of Dewdney Avenue at the west end of the provincial capital is missing. There are no crosses, row upon row, to mark the graves. Wild Prairie fires consumed the crosses decades ago. Most of the cemetery has been consumed by an invasive weed – smooth broom grass which grows high and lodges over so that in spring it looks all matted down. Only a granite slab, almost overgrown by vegetation, placed more than a century ago in honour of the two young children of the school's first principal, gives a hint of the historic significant of the tiny piece of prairie. 14

Its primary recommendation was that “the city solicitor be instructed to amend the Cemeteries Bylaw to establish the maintenance standard which would apply to the Regina Indian Industrial School Cemetery (701 Pinkie Road).” Chief Barry Kennedy of Carry the Kettle First Naremain to a faded wooden fence tion and Rev. Dawn Rolke of Only a granite slab and School l ria ust Ind gina Indian or. identify the former Re rid the United Church but cor uth Road, a major north-so Cemetery near Pinkie speaking as the chair of a group of “citizens concerned” with An April 7 report to the Regina the cemetery made brief presentaMunicipal Heritage Advisory Comtions to the April MHAC meeting. mittee (MHAC), a volunteer group of The Community and Protective heritage concerned citizens, from the Services Committee of the city had civic administration about the cemeconsidered a report on February 27, tery was tabled until September. 2013 and directed the administration The report to the Regina MHAC to consult senior levels of government was signed by Dianna Haryluk, and report back with an update to the Director of Planning Department Municipal Heritage Advisory Comand Jason Carlston, Executive mittee on the city's options and role Director, Community Planning and with respect to facilitating the comDevelopment.


The school was in operation from 1891 to 1910.

memoration and protection of the cemetery by the end of December, 2013. The Regina Indian Industrial School Cemetery is located near the western boundary of the property at 701 Pinkie road and is approximately 689 square metres in size. It is privately owned and was annexed into the city limits form the Rural Municipality of Sherwood in 2009. The cemetery was established in conjunction with the Regina Indian Industrial School that once stood on the adjacent property. The School was in operation from 1891 to 1910 and was managed by the Foreign Mission Committee of the Presbyterian Church of Canada through a contract with the Department of Indian Affairs. The School closed in 1910, was used as a city jail in 1911, and became the Boys' Detention House in 1919. The school was destroy by fire in 1948 and was replaced by the Paul Dojack Centre. The property containing the cemetery remained in the ownership of the Federal Government for many years. The provincial government acquired the property from the Federal Government in the 1970s before

While only 22 burials were located on the survey portion of the cemetery, Stantec estimated that there may be a total of approximately 40 burials within the fence. transferring the ownership to the private sector in the 1989s. An Ontario developer bought the land a few years ago and became aware it contained the cemetery. No work has been done on the property since the developer acquired it. In November, 2012, archaeologists from Stantect Ltd. completed a survey, on a pro bono basis, within the area marked by the fence. Stantec indicated that only half of the cemetery could be surveyed because the blow dirt was too deep to complete the survey on its northern half. “While only 22 burials were located

on the survey portion of the cemetery, Stantec estimated that there may be a total of approximately 40 burials within the fence.,” the April 7 administration report said. The survey did not extend beyond the fence. It is possible that other burials are located outside of these boundaries. “The city has no legal obligation to undertake any action including protection, maintenance or commemoration with respect to the cemetery,” the administration report said. Part of a letter to Regina Mayor Michael Fougere from the Truth and Reconciliation Commissioner, the Hon. Mr. Justice Murray Sinclair, was read at the April 7 meeting and subsequently made available to the public on-line. “On Friday, April 4, the committee assistant to the city of Regina Municipal Heritage Advisory Committee sent an email to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada's generice email address,” Sinclair's letter to the Regina mayor began. “According to the email, the committee will consider a report at its meeting scheduled for Monday, April 7, 2014, at 12:15 and unless


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this item is tabled by the MHAC it will be forwarded to City Council at its meeting scheduled for Monday, May 5.” The Sinclair letter to the mayor arrived at city hall the morning of the MHAC meeting. “The Truth and Reconciliation Commission is very interested in the issue of missing and deceased children from industrial and residential schools, the location of associated cemeteries, the identification of children buried there and the appropriate commemoration of

Conflict of Interest by Editor Disclosed It is important readers understand this article was prepared by Joe Ralko, who has been earning his living as a writer in Saskatchewan for more than 30 years. He has received awards for his books, reporting skills and media relations campaigns. With this Editor's Note, Joe is declaring a conflict of interest because he is a Lifetime member of the Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan, and therefore has a vested personal interest in the outcome of the “cemetery” issue and earlier this year he was re-elected chair of the Regina Municipal Heritage Advisory Committee (MHAC). The Regina MHAC was the civic committee to receive the “April 7 administration report” on the cemetery issue.


Joe's article on the cemetery should not be considered the “official” position of either the City of Regina or AHSS. He has, however, quoted from documents available to the public. By the way, Joe has been coordinating the content of Worth magazine and its two previously-named publications, Heritage Saskatchewan Quarterly and Façade, since 2007 for the Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan. This is the first time Joe has felt it necessary to selfdeclare a conflict of interest for an article for the heritage community.


Some of the students and staff at the Regina Indian Industrial School in a 1907 photography provided courtesy of the Civic Museum of Regina.

those children,” he wrote. “As you know, due to tuberculosis and other reasons, a large number of children died in these schools. Frequently, their parents were not notified and their grave sites were not marked. He went on to say: “We would expect that the families and communities of those children will be very interested in these issues. More importantly, we would expect that in the spirit of truth and reconciliation, the City of Regina and the Province of Saskatchewan, generally, would want to ensure that these cemeteries and children are appropriately remembered.” Sinclair also quoted from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's interim report. “The Commission believes that there should be formal residential school commemorations in every province and the territory in Canada,” he wrote. “It encourages all governments, educational institutions, and churches to ask themselves what they will do to commemorate the residential schools system. . .the Commission recommends that governments, educational institutions and churches consult, design, announce and publicly unveil residential school commemorations before the completion of the Commission's mandate.” Sinclair said this recommendation applies to municipal and provincial governments. About two weeks later, the Regina response to Mr. Justice Sinclair came in a letter from Jason Carlston, Executive Director, Community Planning and Development. “Due to the significance and importance of the background, history and cultural sensitivities involved in ensuring the appropriate form of commemoration, we feel it is essen-

tial the appropriate individuals, groups and organizations, such as the Truth and Reconciliation commission of Canada lead the commemoration process,” the Carlston letter said.

“The city of Regina will continue to work with and provide support and cooperation to the current community efforts underway to appropriately and respectfully support this initiative.” W

Cemetery Issue Raised in 1921 A Nov. 14, 1921, letter to Mr. W. H. Graham, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs from the Women's Missionary Society (WMS) of the Presbyterian Church in Canada, Saskatchewan, asked the federal government to look into the “cemetery matter.” The letter to Commissioner Graham was the result of Nov. 4 motion moved by Mrs. Sinclair and seconded by Mrs. Gillespie at the society's provincial executive meeting. The motion read: “That Mrs. McAra write Commissioner Graham, asking if something definite cannot be done in regard to the cemetery at the Old Regina Industrial School; that he petition the federal government to put it in good order; that it may be kept sacred to the memory of the Indians and the lasting memorial to the memory of our beloved Rev. A. J. McLeod, who founded the school and whose children lie in this little plot side by side with Indian children.” She was the correspondence secretary for the WMS board of directors and the wife of Peter McAra, mayor of Regina in 1906, 1911 and 1912. She wrote that the plot “is or has been” used as a pasture field. Her letter, obtained from Library and Archives Canada, also said:

“The fence has entirely disappeared, having been burned by prairie fire, the cattle have trampled all over the little mounds flattening them out and destroying the little wooden crosses that marked the resting places of some 35 to 40 little Indian children; also the granite slab placed there by Mr. and Mrs. McLeod, in loving memory of their dear ones. The McAra letter also said: “Perhaps the desecration and neglect of this “God's acre” is felt more keenly by the mover and seconder of the motion than by another member of the executive. She explained that Mrs. Sinclair was the widow of late Rev. J.A. Sinclair, who was successor to the late Rev. J.A. McLeod as principal of this Indian school. Mr. and Mrs. Sinclair took a great deal of pleasure and pride in teaching and assisting the children to care for and hold sacred the greaves of their little playmates. Mrs. Gillespie, the seconder, was a life-long friend of the McLeod family, being closely associated with them both in their school and private life. At the time of the motion and letter to Commissioner Graham the federal government owned the property. Source: Letter obtained from Library and Archives, Canada, in Ottawa.


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IN THE NEWS Architectural Heritage Book Was Part of Reading Town, Canada Project Building Our Future: A People's Architectural History of Saskatchewan was among free books distributed during the Reading Town, Canada project (May 3-10) in Moose Jaw. The book, a 2005 Saskatchewan centennial project of the Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan and author Joe Ralko, was part of the “reading glens” program in Crescent Park. It was among several books plus that day's edition of The Times Herald newspaper that were made available to the public on numerous park benches during the Reading Town, Canada, pilot project. Building Our Future also was among books at the Blind Date with a Book at a local coffee shop. Books were wrapped in plain white paper and had only with


A City of Moose Jaw worker flips through Building Our Future, a 2005 Centennial project of the Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan, at a “reading glen” in Crescent Park during the week-long, Reading Town, Canada celebrations. Photo credit: Joe Ralko

a cryptic clue on the paper to give a hint of the genre and content. Customers were encouraged to take the books with them or read them while enjoying their favourite beverage at the Cafe @ 123 Main Street, previously known as Java Express. Source: Original copy


Two 2014 Regina MHAC Awards Brings Total to 118 Two Municipal Heritage Awards were bestowed in Regina this year. P3 Architecture was honoured in the New Design – Addition category for the work on the Walter Scott Building: Front Entrance Vestibule Addition. Biographies Regina Inc. was recognized in the education category for their book entitled Regina's Warehouse District ... Bricks and Mortar, Pride and Passion. “Historic places and heritage buildings are the living proof of our past,” said councillor John Findura, the council liaison to the Regina Municipal Heritage Advisory Committee (MHAC) in presenting the awards at a city council meeting. “They give us a glimpse into the lives of the people who came before us and helped to create the life and communities we live in today. They are valuable to our culture, our economy and our environment.” Since the awards were established in 1984, the city has presented 118 awards to individuals and organizations that have made an outstanding contribution to the conservation of Regina's heritage. Award recipients are typically selected by a working group of the City's Municipal

Heritage Advisory Committee, from nominations submitted by the public in nine categories. The Municipal Heritage Awards Program was established in 1984 to recognize individuals or organizations that have enhanced the quality of life in Regina by demonstrating commitment to the conservation of Regina's heritage. The awards presentation is held annually at the Regina city council meeting closest to National Heritage Day, the third Monday of February. (Editor's note: This event took place after the deadline for editorial content of the spring edition of Worth magazine had closed so the information now is appearing belatedly in the summer edition.) Source: City of Regina news release and background material. Heritage Excellence Award Presented in Moose Jaw For the first time, an award for heritage was presented at the Moose Jaw Business Excellence Awards. Grant Hall was the recipient of the honour, recognizing years of restoration work. “Obviously we're very excited that the Grant Hall was the recipient, it is very well deserved. With all of the hard work and money they have put into that building it's nice to see that they are getting the recognition they deserve,” said Ira Dales, the Chair of the Heritage Advisory Committee to the City of Moose Jaw. Dales said the committee was very pleased that the Chamber of Commerce included the new Heritage Award in this year's ceremony. Dales added that it's nice to see a marriage between heritage and business coming together, and that heritage is not seen as a hindrance, but rather how heritage can contribute to business success. Source: April 14, 2014 – Moose Jaw Times Herald

A BOOK about Saskatchewan architecture is making its mark in the literary world in both Canada and the United States. “Architecture of Saskatchewan, A Visual Journey 19302011” by Bernard Flaman is this year's winner of the Great Plains Distinguished Book Prize from the Center for Great Plains Studies at the University of Nebraska. In addition, the book was nominated in three categories for the Saskatchewan Book Awards: l University of Regina Book of the Year; l National Bank Financial Wealth Management First Book Award; and l Awards for Publishers: Saskatchewan Ministry of Parks, Culture and Sport Publishing Award. “Being a finalist in the Saskatchewan book awards and winning in Nebraska is a great honour and helps to validate the work many people are doing to promote and preserve our built heritage,” author Bernie Flaman told Worth magazine. “The recognition is a significant achievement for those of us who work with and love architectural heritage.” The book tells the story of the arrival of modernist architecture in Saskatchewan and illustrates how it has evolved to the present. The area of eligibility for the award stretches from the boreal forest in the north, touching the Mexican border in the south and from the Rockies eastward to lines

Saskatchewan Architecture Book Wins Prestigious Book Prize in U.S.A

story. Inevitably, they show the context, landscape, sky and light of the Great Plains as well as the architecture of the province of Saskatchewan. The best buildings in the book illustrate a material connection and a relationship with the landscape and environment of the Great Plains,” Flaman is quoted in the University of Nebraska news release. Flaman said he hopes the By Joe Ralko book builds the public's visual literacy in relation to architecAuthor Bernie Flaman has ture – to teach people how to defined roughly by the Red earned international recognition look at buildings. and Missouri Rivers, uniting a for his book Architecture of Saskatchewan. Photo credit: Don Hall “The most gratify comment similar landscape across I receive goes something like many State and Provincial the forces shaping it,” said this: 'I know all of these boundaries. Kari Ronning, book prize buildings, I just haven't “Saskatchewan, a place chair, an associate professor looked at them before.'” once famous for its sod huts, of English at the University of Flaman will deliver a has seen a revolution in Nebraska-Lincoln. lecture at the Center for Great design with buildings that Flaman is a conservation Plains Studies in Lincoln, reflect new technology and architect for the federal Nebraska in the autumn of changing environmental government's Public Works 2014. ideals,” reads a May 7 news The prize was created to release from the University of and Government Services. He co-curated the 2004 emphasize the interdisciplinNebraska to announce the exhibition “Character and ary importance of the Great prestigious book prize. Plains in today's publishing The book picks up chrono- Controversy” at the Mendel Art Gallery, which examined and educational market. logically where a previous Only first-edition, fullbook, “Historic Architecture of Modernist architecture in length, nonfiction books Saskatchewan” (1986) left off Saskatchewan. He is a member of both the published in 2013 were and features more than 150 Saskatchewan Association of evaluated for the award. building photos – from gas Architects (SAA) and the Royal “Architecture of Saskatchestations and houses to busiArchitectural Institute of wan” was published in 2013 nesses and academic buildCanada (RAIC). by the University of Regina ings. “The photographs and Press with partial financial “Flaman places the varied drawings contained in the support from the Canada styles within national and book tell a major part of the Council for the Arts. international movements in The Center for Great Plains design, but also in their Studies is a regional research political and economic conand teaching program at the texts. Observers in other parts University of Nebraska. Its of the Great Plains will recogmission is to foster study of nize these styles in their own the people and the environbuilt environments and come ment of the Great Plains. W to a deeper appreciation of WORTH: SASKATCHEWAN'S ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE MAGAZINE

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Brian Bell - Secretary


fter a 30-year career with Canada Post Corporation ended, Brian Bell and his wife, Vonnie, retired to Moose Jaw in 2005. He then became very active in local heritage groups. “I got involved with the Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan (AHSS) to broaden my knowledge of what was happening with the built heritage throughout Saskatchewan in terms of the good, the bad and the ugly,” said Bell, whose last position with Canada Post was area manager in Southern Alberta. “Identifying successful projects of restoration and adaptive re-use of heritage buildings is the priority. To develop and share a better understanding of successful business models for these built heritage projects along with the outcomes and benefits to all concerned. Our magazine Worth is an excellent tool for sharing the message.” Bell now is Secretary on the board of directors and previously served as Vice President. In addition he remains very active in several community-based organizations including President of Heritage Moose Jaw, Vice-Chair the Moose Jaw Municipal Heritage

Advisory Committee (MHAC), ViceChair of Arts in Motion, member of the board of directors of Tourism Moose Jaw, and a member of the Community under the Dome Restoration Committee of the Zion United Church in Moose Jaw. “The biggest challenge is moving beyond the attitude that there is no value in old buildings, even if they are as sturdy as the day they were built,” said Bell, who also worked in the automobile and commercial computer business sectors. “When you see what other communities throughout Saskatchewan, Canada and the U.S.A. have done with their built heritage you have to wonder why we can't always appreciate what we have in our own communities and take advantage of it.” Bell is certain there is broad appeal for heritage architecture, noting “otherwise, Disneyland Parks would have removed their recreated historic Main Streets a long time ago.” “Most of our historic architecture was built with tremendous pride

Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan HELPING HERITAGE HAPPEN



and a sense of value for the craftsmanship and purpose of the structure and offer a sense of place that is hard to find,” he said. “The other side of preserving and protecting the architecture of our built heritage is the replacement of these structures when they fall victim to neglect of maintenance, fire or just destroyed to make room for surface parking lots.” Bell said that when new construction takes place in an historic business district or residential neighbourhood there is a need for architectural guidelines, not rules, to ensure that the new construction is sympathetic to the existing heritage architecture. “Architectural guidelines are commonly found in high-end residential and commercial construction projects to ensure compatibility of design and to protect the value of the adjoining properties,” he said. “Architectural guidelines within a heritage district can ensure and improve the value of existing heritage properties. We need more municipalities to adopt architectural guidelines, not rules, for their heritage districts and neighborhoods.” W

C O N S E R V I N G t h e PA S T

Conservation projects often involve a quest for the right material


was asked to Ready-to-use drywall construction, art supply, and dental reattach an patching compounds industries. arm onto a promised to be strong; I compared various types of plaster cast statue. some claim to dry to a setting compounds by mixing each The arm would be thickness of 8 cm. They powder with water, then sealing it fixed at the biceps would be of the right within a plastic bag. After ten with a short proworking consistency. minutes, each was hardening. truding iron bar. But ready-to-use prodHowever, one problem remained. I needed a fill ucts fell short at #3. Setting compounds, when newly material which A trial run failed to dry mixed, are too runny to be applied By Sharon Deason even after four days. could be placed into from below, and would drip out When the support was the shoulder cavity, before the arm was positioned. and, after hardenremoved, the appendage And then I saw it: a small hole, ing, be strong enough to hold the sagged. Portions touching the perhaps 6 mm in diameter, in the appendage in place. plaster had dried hard, but the shoulder, just above where the arm Filling materials abound. middle of the fill was soft. would attach. The hole had been I needed to evalublocked off, but ate them in terms a probing needle of their unique revealed that it attributes. The opened into the material would top of the cavity. have to be: I glued the With some 1. Strong and interface beproblems, the hard - it needed tween the arm answer is there, and body, supto support the weight of the porting the arm right in front Charioteer of Delphi at the Museum of Antiquities, solid plaster from underneath, of us. University of Saskatchewan, is shown in foreground. arm in a cantibut left the cavity levered position empty. Having Fortunately, materials do exist 2. Not TOO strong and hard decided on dental plaster for its which harden in an anaerobic enviwhen two materials are joined reliable strength, I readied a huge ronment. These are setting comtogether and put under stress, syringe and a 14-gauge veterinary pounds, which differ from pre-mixed needle. I quickly poured the mixed whichever is weaker will break; drying compounds. They are purthe loser should be the fill, not plaster into the syringe and injected chased in dry powder form and, upon it through the hole, into the cavity. the artifact the addition of water, experience a 3. Able to harden without air The entire process was completed in chemical change, and harden in a once the arm was in place, the 45 seconds. W specified time (as brief as 7 minutes) cavity would be closed Sharon Deason, a Queen's without requiring exposure to air. 4. Of a consistency which would University graduate, is a Conservators routinely conduct allow placement into the cavity Saskatoon-based private their own experiments to test matefrom underneath conservator specializing in the rials, and often explore other fields Two-component epoxies, while restoration of decorative and to find them. This time I took my excellent at attributes #1 and #3, gilded objects, fine frames experimental specimens from the failed at #2. and heritage interiors.



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NORTH AMERICAN BRICK By Frank Korvemaker -

Angle view of a “Tierra” Pan-Brick panel

Brick Name:


Brick Manufacturer: Endicott Clay Products and Pan-Brick Okamoto Canada Ltd. Manufacture Location: Regina, Sask. Date(s) of Manufacture: 1970 to today Brick Type:

Face Brick Panels

Approximate Dimensions: Panel: 16 x 48 inches/ 40.6 cm x 121.9 cm Colour:

Various: earthtone sands ( above )

The Housing and Urban Development Association of Canada test house: Mark 10, faced with Pan-Brick, Guelph, Ontario, 1973.

COMMENTS: Unlike imitation brick products, like sheet metal and InsulBric panels, which were popular early in the 20th century, Pan-Brick panels are faced with real brick slices and an aggregate mortar joint. This product was initially developed by DuPont of Canada in the late 1960s, and is now manufactured in Regina, Saskatchewan by Okamoto Canada Ltd. The 36 brick slices and aggregate are integrated with the plywood backer by a hard foam insulation, and can be screwed onto a wall. A unique interior drainage system enables any moisture that penetrates the surface to run out of the panels without damaging the plywood backing. Pan-Brick panels are produced in moulds on a production-line basis, which take only 25 minutes from start to finish. The interlocking panels have an insulation value of R10, measure 16 x 48 inches, are 2½ inches thick, and weigh 37 pounds each. Panels applied to buildings since the 1960s show virtually no wear due to weathering or material deterioration. Like full-sized bricks, the ½- to 5/8-thick brick slices are made of fired clay by international brick manufacturers, and have the same durability. The first brick slices were made by US Brick (now Hanson Brick) of Owosso, Michigan; then by Estevan Brick, Saskatchewan from about 1977 to 1996, and more recently by Endicott Clay Products, from Nebraska. Sources:

Pan-Brick production assembly line.


[1] Modern photos: Frank Korvemaker; [2] Pan-Brick website:; [3] HUDAC photo and Personal Communication: Rolf Holzkaemper, 5 May 2014; [4] Kenroc website:; [5] HUDAC report: Mark%20X%20Guelph-Experimental%20Project-1973.pdf.


Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan 2014 BOARD of DIRECTORS Rod Stutt, President, Moose Jaw Al Gill, Past President, Regina Terry Sinclair, Vice President, Regina Brian Bell, Secretary, Moose Jaw

Become a Society Member. The Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan encourages, supports and rewards meaningful conservation of our built heritage. Any person, enterprise or community-based organization may apply to become a full and active member of AHSS for an annual membership fee of just $20. Fees help the Society communicate with members and provide grant funding for community-based programs and projects across Saskatchewan. To join simply complete and mail to AHSS, 202 -1275 Broad St., Regina, SK, S4R 1Y2 or visit for information under “Join�.

Dragana Perusinovic, Yes, I/we want to become a member of AHSS

Treasurer, Regina Michel Fortier, Saskatoon

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Patricia Glanville, Regina

STAFF Lovella Jones, Provincial Coordinator

Architectural Heritage Society of Saskatchewan HELPING HERITAGE HAPPEN

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new coming


WORTH Magazine - Summer 2014  
WORTH Magazine - Summer 2014