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Win Sinor Period 1 Marine Biology Fish Identification Research Project

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Title: Freshwater Fishes

Species #: 1

Common Name: Piranha Scientific Name: Pygocentrus nattereri Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Genus: Pygocentrus

Geography / Habitat: Whitewater streams, South America Life Strategy: bowl-shaped nests in sediment, circular courtship ritual Food / Feed Strategy: extremely aggressive

Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Superior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/piranha


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 2

Common Name: Oscar Scientific Name: Astronotus ocellatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Genus: Astronotus

Geography / Habitat: Amazon River Basin, slow moving white-water Life Strategy: mates pair up, lay 1,000-3,000 eggs on flat surface Food / Feed Strategy: eats anything that fits in its mouth, although not aggressive except in mating rituals

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: superior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/oscar


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 3

Common Name: Black Bullhead Catfish Scientific Name: Ameiurus melas Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family:

Genus:

Cichlidae

Ameiurus

Geography / Habitat: Very tolerant Life Strategy: Nocturnal nest brooder Food / Feed Strategy: Ostracods, Amphipods,Copepods, insects/larvae. Carnivorous

Body Form or Style: Bottom Rover • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_bullhead


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 4

Common Name: Freshwater Drum Scientific Name: Aplodinotus grunniens Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Percoidei

Family: Sciaenidae

Genus: Aplodinotus

Geography / Habitat: Slack currents and backwaters, large rivers or lakes, Hudson Bay to Guatemala Life Strategy: lays floating eggs seasonally. Nocturnal schooling fish Food / Feed Strategy: predators, search bottom in schools

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freshwater_drum


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 5

Common Name: Archerfish Scientific Name: Toxotes chatareus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Ostariophysi

Family: Siluriformes

Genus: Toxotes

Geography / Habitat: Australia, India, Malasia, Thailand, and Vietnam

Life Strategy: Peaceful egglayer

Food / Feed Strategy: shoots insects above water with a quick, powerful jet of water

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Ciation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/common_archer


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 6

Common Name: Bleeding Heart Tetra Scientific Name: Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma Class: Actinopterygii Order: Characiformes Family: Characidae

Genus: Hyphessobrycon

Species: erythrostigma Geography / Habitat: dense vegetation, inland tropical rivers/ streams, Amazon River Basin Life Strategy: Spawn, then drop eggs and leave Food / Feed Strategy: wide variety – crustaceans, insects, etc.

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bleeding_heart_tetra


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 7

Common Name: Black Bullhead Catfish Scientific Name: Ameiurus melas Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae Geography / Habitat: Very tolerant

Life Strategy: Nocturnal.

Food / Feed Strategy: insects/larvae.

• Body Form or Style: Bottom Rover • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation en.wikipedia.org/wiki/black_bullhead


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 8

Common Name: Longnose gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus osseus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Semionotiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Genus: Lepisosteus

Geography / Habitat: Sluggish water in large lakes and rivers, Eastern U.S. Life Strategy: No raising of young. female selects mate from up to 15 males Food / Feed Strategy: Piscivorous; shad, bluegill, bullheads

• Body Form or Style: Sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/longnose_gar


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 9

Common Name: Channel Catfish Scientific Name: Ictalurus punctatu Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Genus:

Ictalurus

Geography / Habitat: varying depths, but during day hide in holes, moving or standing water, lower Canada and Midwest U.S. Life Strategy: monogamous, long mating ritual Food / Feed Strategy: taste buds all over body, one large mouth. Eats snails, algae, snakes, frogs, insects, aquatic plants, and birds sometimes

Body Form or Style: Bottom Rover • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/channel_catfish


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Family: Sciaenidae

Genus: Morone

Percoidei

Title: Freshwater Common Name: White Bass Scientific Name: Morone chrysops Geography / Habitat: unvegetated, open, large bodies of water in north america Life Strategy: Dense schooling. random fertilization Food / Feed Strategy: eats perch, shad, carp, bullheads, and others

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Superior Citation:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_bass •

Species #: 10


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Title: Freshwater Common Name: Blue Ram Scientific Name: Mikrogeophagus ramirezi Geography / Habitat: South American Streams

Life Strategy: muscular, but not agressive Food / Feed Strategy: Crustaceans, fish, insects

Species #: 11


• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: superior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/blue_ram


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae

Genus: Nematobrycon

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 12

Common Name: Emperor Tetra Scientific Name: Nematobrycon palmeri Geography / Habitat: Pelagic rivers, Western Colombia, S. America Life Strategy: long spawning, external fertilization. One egg spawned at a time. No guarding of eggs, but may eat Food / Feed Strategy: omnivore

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://freshaquarium.about.com/od/tetras/p/emperortetra.htm


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Family: Esocidae

Genus: Esox

Esociformes

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 13

Common Name: Grass Pickerel Scientific Name:

Esox americanus

Geography / Habitat: clear lakes, slow waters, Atlantic coast of N. America Life Strategy: Solitary and aggressively predaceous unless spawning Food / Feed Strategy: Insects, other fishes, crustaceans


• Body Form or Style: Sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: www.dnr.state.oh.us/LinkClick.aspx?link=6643&tabid=6518


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: osphronemidae Title: Freshwater Common Name: Betta Scientific Name: Betta Splendens Geography / Habitat: Asian Swamps

Life Strategy: colors attract mates

Food / Feed Strategy: zooplankton and mosquito larvae, carnivorous

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: Superior

Species #: 14


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Class: Actinopterygii

Family: Cichlidaes

Family: Cichlidaes

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 15

Common Name: Jewel Cichlid Scientific Name:

Hemichromis bimaculatus

Geography / Habitat: West African, Middle Eastern, S. American streams and rivers Life Strategy: eggs defended aggressively Food / Feed Strategy: insects, crustaceans


Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: superior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/jewel_chichild


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Family: Characidae

Genus: Piaractus

Characiformes

Title: Freshwater Common Name: Pacu Scientific Name: Piaractus mesopotamicus Geography / Habitat: Paraguay Life Strategy: solitary Food / Feed Strategy: fruit, nuts seeds that fall into the water

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Superior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/pacu

Species #: 16


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Class: Actinopterygii

Family: Cichlidae

Family: Cichlidae

Title: Freshwater Common Name: Kenyi Scientific Name: Pseudotropheus lombardoi Geography / Habitat: rocky shores, Mbenji Island, Lake Malawi Life Strategy: aggressive Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivorous,

Species #: 17


• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: superior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/kenyi


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Class: Actinopterygii

Family: Esocidae

Family: Esocidae

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 18

Common Name: Muskellunge Scientific Name:

Esox masquinongy

Geography / Habitat: North American rivers and lakes, clear water

Life Strategy: loners or loose packs, random spawning, no nests

Food / Feed Strategy: fish, frogs, ducklings, mice

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muskellunge


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 19

Common Name: Largemouth Bass Scientific Name: Micropterus Salmoldes Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centrarchidae Geography / Habitat: Native to North America. Seeks protective cover. Prefers calm water, but will survive well in many different habitats Life Strategy: to survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: hide and wait for prey to pass by and inhale strongly. The prey is drawn into the mouth.

• • •

Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: gape and suck

Citation: http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/huntwild/wild/species/lmb/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Largemouth_bass http://www.umpquavalleybassmasters.com/bassbook.htm


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 20

Common Name: Guadalupe Bass Scientific Name: Micropterus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centarchidae Geography / Habitat: exclusive to the Guadalupe river in texas Life Strategy: survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: strong inclination towards insects

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Gape and Suck

Citation: http://www.yourfishingtipconnection.com/my_files/images/Redeye_Bass.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Micropterus_treculii


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 21

Common Name: Shoal Bass Scientific Name: Micropterus cataractae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centarchidae Geography / Habitat: Native to Florida and Georgia. Life Strategy: Survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: feeds mainly on insects on surface of water. Also feeds on larvae, crayfish and fish.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: CARANGIFORM Mouth Position: Gape and Suck

Citation: http://www.landbigfish.com/images/fish/LBF_ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Micropterus_cataractaeshoal_bass.jpg


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 22

Common Name: Smallmouth Bass Scientific Name: Micropterus dolomieu Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centarchidae Geography / Habitat: streams, rivers, lakes, sandy bottoms of lakes. Intolerant of pollution, it is a good indicator of water quality Life Strategy: to survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: crayfish, insects, smaller fish and zooplankton

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Gape and Suck

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smallmouth_bass


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 23

Common Name: Redeye Bass Scientific Name: Micropterus Coosae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centarchidae Geography / Habitat: Select rivers in south Carolina and north Carolina and the south east Life Strategy: survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: insects, smaller fish, crustaceans

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Gape and Suck

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redeye_bass


Title: Freshwater

Species #: 24

Common Name: Spotted Bass Scientific Name: Micropterus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centarchidae Geography / Habitat: Mississippi river basin, has been introduced to southern Africa Life Strategy: Survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: feeds on inscts, crustaceans, frogs, annelid worms, and smaller fish

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Gape and Suck

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spotted_bass


Title: freshwater

Species #: 25

Common Name: Suwannee Bass Scientific Name: Micropterus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Centarchidae Geography / Habitat: native to only the Suwannee river and the Ochlockonee River Life Strategy: survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: insects, smaller fish, and crustaceans

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Gape and Suck

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Micropterus_notius


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopthyidae

Order: Ostariophysi

Family: Callichthyidae

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 26

Common Name: Adolfo’s Cory Scientific Name:

Corydoras adolfoi

Geography / Habitat: south america Life Strategy: travels in schools Food / Feed Strategy: bottom feeder


• • •

Body Form or Style: Bottom Rover Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: Inferior

CITATION: http://www.tropicalfishkeeping.com/profiles/false-adolfo-cory/ Citation


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Percopsiformes

Family: Aphredoderidae

Genus: Aphredoderus

Title: Freshwater Common Name: Pirate Perch Scientific Name: Aphredoderus sayanus Geography / Habitat: Clear warm water with low currents in North America Life Strategy: solitary and vicious Food / Feed Strategy: immature insects, small crustaceans, small fish

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Superior

Species #: 27


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family:

Genus: Silurus

Siluridae

Title: Freshwater 28

Species #:

Common Name: Sheatfish Scientific Name: Silurus glanis Geography / Habitat: Eastern Europe; large lakes, mud bottoms, especially near dams Life Strategy: Males guard eggs where female lays Food / Feed Strategy: mollusks, crustaceans, birds, voles, and snakes


• Body Form or Style: Taeniform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silurus_glanis


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae Title: Freshwater Common Name: Electric Blue Johanii Scientific Name: Melanochromis Johanni Geography / Habitat: Lake Malawi Life Strategy: aggressive and territorial Food / Feed Strategy: Plants

Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: superior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_johanii

Species #: 29


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Ostariophysi

Family: Siluriformes

Title: Freshwater Common Name: African Glass Catfish Scientific Name: Pareutropius buffei Geography / Habitat: riverbanks and floodplains Life Strategy: calm, lives in groups Food / Feed Strategy: bottom-feeders

Species #:30


• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: Inferior


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Family: Sciaenidae

Genus: Morone

Percoidei

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 31

Common Name: White Perch Scientific Name: Morone americana Geography / Habitat: Lakes and reservoirs along Atlantic coast Life Strategy: Use creeks and small rivers as nursery for juveniles. Reside in bottom of large lakes during winter Food / Feed Strategy: Carnivorous, mainly piscivorous. Also fish eggs, insects, crustaceans

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Superior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/white_perch


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Gadiformes

Family: Lotidae

Title: Freshwater Common Name: Burbot Scientific Name: Lota lota Geography / Habitat: Deep lakes or slow-moving river bottoms Life Strategy: migrate to shallow waster for spawning, wintertime Food / Feed Strategy: Piscovores

Species #: 32


• Body Form or Style: Sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burbot


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Family:

Genus: Gasteropelecus

Gasteropelecidae

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 33

Common Name: Common Hatchetfish Scientific Name: Gasteropelecus sternicla Geography / Habitat: Surface-dweller, likes vegetated shores, but ventures out when schooled Life Strategy: Hydroplanes out of water to avoid predators. breed during rainy season Food / Feed Strategy: primarily insects and larvae

• •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: Superior


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: semionotiformes

Family: lepisosteidae Title: Freshwater

Species #: 34

Common Name: Alligator gar Scientific Name:

Lepisosteus osseus

Geography / Habitat: lakes, rivers in southeast U.S. Life Strategy: aggressive Food / Feed Strategy: carnivore. predatory

• • •

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Semionotiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae

Genus: Lepisosteus

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 35

Common Name: Florida gar Scientific Name: Lepisosteus platyrhincus Geography / Habitat: Lowland streams or lakes, muddy bottoms, abundant vegetation. Florida and some nearby areas Life Strategy: Travel in groups Food / Feed Strategy: eats fish, shrimp, and crayfish


• Body Form or Style: Sagittiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation:en.wikipedia.org/wiki/florida_gar


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae

Genus:

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 36

Common Name: Peacock Cichlid Scientific Name:

Aulonocara

Aulonocara hansbaenschi

Geography / Habitat: Lake Malawi, cave dweller

Life Strategy: mouthbrooder

Food / Feed Strategy: worms, small crustaceans, insects

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: superior Citation: http://fish.mongabay.com/peacock_cichlids.htm


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae Title: Freshwater Common Name: Bloater Scientific Name: Coregonus hoyi

Geography / Habitat: great lakes Life Strategy: spends day at bottom, comes to top at night for feeding Food / Feed Strategy: Copepods, clams

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/bloater

Species #: 37


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Genus: Coregonus

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 38

Common Name: Lake Whitefish Scientific Name: Coregonus clupeaformis Geography / Habitat: Large deepwater lakes, Canada and Alaska Life Strategy: fairly sedentary, seasonal movements in water column. Large group spawnings Food / Feed Strategy: insects, mollusks, fish eggs and fry. Forage on lake bottom


Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_whitefish


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: salmoniformes

Family: salmonidac Title: Freshwater Common Name: Brook Trout Scientific Name: Salvelinus fontinalis Geography / Habitat: Rivers and lakes on east coast Life Strategy: aggressive Food / Feed Strategy: carnivore eats insects, worms, and crustaceans

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal • Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brook_trout

Species #: 39


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: salmoniformes

Family: salmonidae

Title: Freshwater Common Name: Brown Trout Scientific Name: Salmo trutta Geography / Habitat: rivers and streams in europe

Life Strategy: move up river to spawn

Food / Feed Strategy: insects

Species #: 40


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brown_trout Title: Freshwater Common Name: Bull Trout Scientific Name: Salvelinus confluentus Geography / Habitat: lakes in northwest north america Life Strategy: migrates during spawining season Food / Feed Strategy: small invertebrates

Species #: 41


• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bull_trout


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family:

Genus:

Osphronemidae

Title: Freshwater

Cyrtocara Species #: 42

Common Name: Dolphin Cichlid Scientific Name: Cyrtocara moorii Geography / Habitat: Lake Malawi Life Strategy: follows special feeding strategy Food / Feed Strategy: follows behind substrate-digging cichlids and eats remnants of their meals

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae

Genus: Salvelinus

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 43

Common Name: Lake Trout Scientific Name: Salvelinus namaycush Geography / Habitat: lakes with high oxygen levels

Life Strategy: lay eggs in gravel substrate, which winter long time b/c of cold water

Food / Feed Strategy: piscivorous, especially alewives, smelt, sculpin and chubs

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_trout


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Genus:

Title: Freshwater

Hepsetus Species #: 44

Common Name: Channel Catfish Scientific Name: Hepsetus odoe Geography / Habitat: banks of rivers near heavy vegetation, swamp areas, West African rivers Life Strategy: builds bubble nests, guards aggressively, spawns during flood season Food / Feed Strategy: piscivorous – feeds on several kinds of smaller fish. often cichlids.

• • •

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: Superior


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Mochokidae

Genus: Platydoras

Title: Freshwater Common Name: Striped Raphael Catfish Scientific Name: Platydoras armatulus Geography / Habitat: Amazon, Orinoco, Essequibo Rivers in French-Guiana Life Strategy: Burrow in soft, sandy river botoms, live life there. nocturnal Food / Feed Strategy: bottom-eeding carnivores

Species #: 45


• • •

Body Form or Style: Bottom Rover Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Inferior


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Ostariophysi

Family: Siluriformes

Genus: Synodontis

Title: Freshwater Common Name: Featherfin Catfish Scientific Name: Synodontis eupterus Geography / Habitat: Chad, Niger (White Nile River). Bottom-dweller Life Strategy: aggressive, long life (18 years), lay eggs, not mouthbrooder Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivorous

Body Form or Style: Bottom Rover • Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform • Mouth Position: Inferior

Species #: 46


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Esociformes

Family: Esocidae

Genus: Esox

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 47

Common Name: Muskellunge Scientific Name:

Esox masquinongy

Geography / Habitat: North American rivers and lakes, clear water Life Strategy: loners or loose packs, random spawning, no nests Food / Feed Strategy: top predators. Eat fish, frogs, ducklings, mice


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family:

Genus: Pseudodoras

Doradidae

Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

• • • Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/muskellunge

Title: Freshwater Fishes

Species #: 48

Common Name: Cuiu cuiu Scientific Name: Pseudodoras niger Geography / Habitat: South America, large rivers, not tributaries. Blackwater and whitewater. Life Strategy: Annual fish run upstream from Amazon basin Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivorous; crustaceans, snails, seeds, fruits


• • •

Body Form or Style: Bottom Rover Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Inferior


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidaes Title: Freshwater

Species #: 49

Common Name: Bristlenose Plecostomus Scientific Name:

Ancistrus temminckii

Geography / Habitat: streams and rivers everywhere Life Strategy: defends eggs aggressively Food / Feed Strategy: insects, crustaceans, shrimp

• body Form or Style: Bottom rover • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: inferior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancistrus


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae Title: Freshwater Common Name: Blue Ahli Scientific Name: Melanochromis Johanni Geography / Habitat: Lake Malawi Life Strategy: very aggressive Food / Feed Strategy: crustaceans, insects

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: superior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/blue_ahli

Species #: 50


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 51

Common Name: Southern Bluefin Tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus Maccoyii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae Geography / Habitat: southern hemisphere of all the world’s oceans Life Strategy: survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: squid, mackerel

• • •

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_bluefin_tuna


Title: saltwater

Species #: 52

Common Name: Yellowfin Tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus albacares Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae Geography / Habitat: surface layer above the thermocline Life Strategy: survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: other fish, squid, mackerel

• • •

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellowfin_tuna


Title: saltwater

Species #: 53

Common Name: Pacific Bluefin Tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus Orientalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae Geography / Habitat: pacific ocean Life Strategy: survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: smaller fish, marine invertibrates

• • •

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.tuna-fishing.org/images/pacific-bluefin-tuna.jpg http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/animals/AnimalDetails.aspx? enc=n3f4wmcSJaMg34hN7vu5yQ==


Title:

saltwater

Species #: 54

Common Name: Northern Bluefin Tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus Thynnus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae Geography / Habitat: eastern and western atlantic ocean and the Mediterranean sea Life Strategy: survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: eats small fish and invertibrates like sardines, herrings, mackerel, squid and crustaceans

• • •

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_bluefin_tuna


Title: saltwater

Species #: 55

Common Name: Little Tunny Scientific Name: Thunnus alletteratus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae Geography / Habitat: tropical and temperate waters of the atlantic Life Strategy: survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: carnivore, eats small fish and invertebrates

• • •

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_tunny


Title: saltwater

Species #: 56

Common Name: Blackfin Tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae Geography / Habitat: western atlantic from cape cod to brazil Life Strategy: survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: king shrimp larvae, shrimp, craps, squid, other fish

• • •

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackfin_tuna


Title: Saltwater

Species #: 57

Common Name: Bigeye Tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus Obesus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae Geography / Habitat: all temperate and tropical oceans, but not the Mediterranean sea Life Strategy: survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: deep diving during the day to feed

• • •

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bigeye_tuna


Title: saltwater

Species #: 58

Common Name: Albacore Tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus Alalunga Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae Geography / Habitat: open waters of all tropical and temperate oceans Life Strategy: survive and mate Food / Feed Strategy: small fish

• • •

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albacore


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family:

Genus: Taeniura

Dasyatidae

Rajiformes

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 59

Common Name: Blue-spotted Stingray Scientific Name:

Taeniura lymma

Geography / Habitat: Indo-west Pacific. sandy bottoms around coral reefs

Life Strategy: lives alone or in small groups

Food / Feed Strategy: eats bony fish, shrimp, crabs


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Hexanchiformes

Family:

Genus: Notorynchus

Hexanchidae

• Body Form or Style: Depressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Amiiform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluespotted_stingray Title: Saltwater

Species #: 60

Common Name: Sevengill Shark Scientific Name:

Notorynchus cepedianus

Geography / Habitat: All oceans except Northern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea. Life Strategy: no nurturing Food / Feed Strategy: sharks, rays, chimeras, dolphins, also fish like salmon, sturgeon, herring


• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadnose_sevengill_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Hexanchiformes

Family: Chlamydoselachidae

Genus:

Chlamydoselachus

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Frilled Shark Scientific Name: Chlamydoselachus anguineus Geography / Habitat: all oceans and seas Life Strategy: lives alone, no nurturing Food / Feed Strategy: small deep-water fishes and squid

• Body Form or Style: anguilliform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frilled_shark

Species #: 61


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Genus: Carcharhinus

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Bull Shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos Geography / Habitat: shallow waters in all oceans and seas Life Strategy: live birth. Mature at 9 years Food / Feed Strategy: eats everything.

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bull_shark

Species #: 62


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family:

Genus: Hexanchus

Hexanchidae

Hexanchiformes

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 63

Common Name: Bluntnose Sixgill Shark Scientific Name:

Hexanchus griseus

Geography / Habitat: shallow waters all over the world Life Strategy: lives alone. Large litters with high mortality rate Food / Feed Strategy: rays, sharks, fish

• •

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform


• Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bluntnose_sixgill_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Lamniformes

Family:

Genus:

Carcharodon

Lamnidae

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Great White Shark Scientific Name: Carcharodon carcharias Geography / Habitat: temperate and tropical waters Life Strategy: small groups Food / Feed Strategy: seals, sealions, dolphins, whale carcasses

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citations:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_white_shark

Species #: 64


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Pristiophoriformes

Family:

Genus: Stegostoma

Pristiophoridae

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Longnose Sawshark Scientific Name: Stegostoma fasciatum Geography / Habitat: open sea Life Strategy: nurtures young, travels in schools Food / Feed Strategy: bony fish, shrimp, squids

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longnose_sawshark

Species #: 65


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Genus:

Dermatoplepis

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 66

Common Name: Leather Grouper Scientific Name:

Dermatoplepis dermatolepis

Geography / Habitat: southeast pacific ocean Life Strategy: males and females release clouds of eggs and sperm, do not guard young Food / Feed Strategy: small fish, crustaceans, crabs, shrimp

• • •

Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Superior


Citation: http://wacohi1960.com/pht/3/grouper_fish_278x214_b.jpg


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Orectolobiformes

Family: Ginglymostomatidae

Genus:

Ginglymostoma

Title: Saltwater Fishes Common Name: Nurse Shark Scientific Name:

Ginglymostoma cirratum

Geography / Habitat: sandy beaches, muddy beaches, coral reefs Life Strategy: 25 to a litter Food / Feed Strategy: small fish, shrimp, mollusks, crustaceans

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citations: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nurse_shark

Species #: 67


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family:

Genus: Manta

Myliobatidae

Title: Saltwater

Myliobatoidei

Species #: 68

Common Name: Atlantic Manta Rays Scientific Name: Manta birostris Geography / Habitat: Surface to 120 meters, tropical warm-water coastal regions Life Strategy: solitary Food / Feed Strategy: filter-feeding planktivores

• Body Form or Style: Depressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Amiiform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/manta_ray


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Genus: Galeocerdo

Title: Saltwater

Species #:69

Common Name: Tiger Shark Scientific Name:

Galeocerdo cuvier

Geography / Habitat: tropical and sub-tropical seas worldwide, seasonal migration to warmer waters. Life Strategy: ovoviparous, 9 months in female, then fully independent at birth. solitary and nomadic Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivorous scavenger, turtles, birds, reptiles, mammals, besides fish

Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/tiger_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family:

Genus: Sphyrna

Sphyrnidae

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 70

Common Name: Great Hammerhead Shark Scientific Name:

Sphyrna mokarran

Geography / Habitat: tropical ocean waters worldwide, near shore or open sea Life Strategy: solitary hunters, dangerous Food / Feed Strategy: rays, small sharks, and bony fish


• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_hammerhead_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Heterodontiformes

Family:

Genus:

Heterodontidae

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Horn Shark Scientific Name: Heterodontus francisci Geography / Habitat: subtropical eastern Pacific Ocean Life Strategy: slow and inactive Food / Feed Strategy: small fishes and invertebrates

• Common Name: Horn shark • Scientific Name: Heterodontus francisci • Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horn_shark

Heterodontus Species #: 71


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family:

Genus: Rhincodon

Rhincodontidae

Title: Saltwater

Orectolobiformes

Species #: 72

Common Name: Whale Shark Scientific Name: Rhincodon typus Geography / Habitat: all temperate and tropical regions Life Strategy: solitary Food / Feed Strategy: planktonic and nektonic organisms; krill, herring, anchovies, squid

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whale_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family:

Genus: Isistius

Dalatiidae

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 73

Common Name: Cookie-cutter Shark Scientific Name:

Squaliformes

Isistius brasiliensis

Geography / Habitat: Pacific ocean Life Strategy: only interacts for mating. violent Food / Feed Strategy: sharks, squid, fish, etc.

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cookie-cutter_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family: Pseudocarchariidae

Genus: Megachasma

Lamniformes

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Sand Tiger Shark Scientific Name: Mitsukurina owstoni Geography / Habitat: Atlantic and pacific coasts Life Strategy: travel in large groups. Young are not nurtured Food / Feed Strategy: bony fish, rays, lobsters, crabs, squid

Species #: 74


• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sand_tiger_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Squaliformes

Family: Squalidae

Genus:

Squalus

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 75

Common Name: Piked Dogfish Scientific Name:

Squalus acanthias

Geography / Habitat: 1 km down in most oceans Life Strategy: travel in enormous schools Food / Feed Strategy: bony fish, smaller sharks, mollusks, crustaceans

• • • •

Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piked_dogfish


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family: Megachasmidae

Genus: Megachasma

Lamniformes

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 76

Common Name: Megamouth Shark Scientific Name:

Megachasma pelagios

Geography / Habitat: deep water off Australia, Japan, Hawaii, California Life Strategy: sexual, internal fertilization, ovoviparous. Food / Feed Strategy: filter-feeds off plankton with large, adapted mouth

Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megamouth_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Perciformes

Family: Chaetodontidae

Genus:

Pomacanthus

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Blue-ring Angelfish Scientific Name: Pomacanthus annularis Geography / Habitat: Indo-Pacific Ocean coastal rocky coral reefs Life Strategy: mate at dusk Food / Feed Strategy: invertebrates

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_ring_angelfish

Species #: 77


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Family:

Genus:

Enoplosidae

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Zebra fish Scientific Name: Enoplosus armatus Geography / Habitat: Indian ocean Life Strategy: Travel in schools Food / Feed Strategy: small crustaceans

Perciformes Enoplosus

Species #: 78


• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zebra_fish


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Squaliformes

Family:

Genus:

Somniosus

Dalatiidae

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Greenland Shark Scientific Name: Somniosus microcephalus Geography / Habitat: Continental shelves below 1200 feet Life Strategy: sluggish Food / Feed Strategy: fish, marine mammals, and carrion

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenland_shark

Species #: 79


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Genus: Carcharhinus

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 80

Common Name: Grey Reef Shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos Geography / Habitat: Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean. Life Strategy: young not nurtured Food / Feed Strategy: small bony reef fish, squid, octopi, crabs, lobsters, shrimp

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grey_reef_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Genus: Prionace

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Blue Shark Scientific Name: Prionace glauca Geography / Habitat: tropical waters around the world Life Strategy: solitary and sluggish. Food / Feed Strategy: anchovies, sardines, herrings

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_shark

Species #: 81


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Perciformes

Family:

Genus:

Coryphaena

Coryphaenidae

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 82

Common Name: Common Dolphinfish Scientific Name:

Coryphaena hippurus

Geography / Habitat: tropical oceans Life Strategy: up to a million eggs Food / Feed Strategy: teleosts, cephalopods, and crustaceans


• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolphinfish


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Family:

Genus:

Pomacentridae

Perciformes Amphiprion

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 83

Common Name: Barrier Reef Anemone Fish Scientific Name:

Amphiprion frenatus

Geography / Habitat: Oriental Western Pacific, lagoon reefs Life Strategy: live in anemone for protection Food / Feed Strategy: algae, zooplankton, small crustaceans

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barrier_Reef_Anemonefish


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Genus: Carcharhinus

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Blacktip Shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus limbatus Geography / Habitat: tropical and temperate Life Strategy: small litters, pups nurtured Food / Feed Strategy: herring, anchovies, sardines, sea catfish.

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blacktip_shark

Species #:84


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family:

Genus: Cetorhinus

Cetorhinidae

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 85

Common Name: Basking Shark Scientific Name:

Cetorhinus maximus

Geography / Habitat: atlantic and pacific Life Strategy: no nurturing for young Food / Feed Strategy: gillrakers skim plankton

•

Lamniformes

Body Form or Style: Fusiform


• Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basking_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family: Pseudocarchariidae

Genus: Pseudocarcharias

Lamniformes

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 86

Common Name: Crocodile Shark Scientific Name:

Pseudocarcharias kamoharai

Geography / Habitat: all tropical and subtropical oceans worldwide Life Strategy: small litters, pups fend for themselves Food / Feed Strategy: small fish, squid, shrimp

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crocodile_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family: Megachasmidae

Genus: Megachasma

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Goblin Shark Scientific Name: Mitsukurina owstoni Geography / Habitat: most oceans, relatively deep Life Strategy: pups fend for themselves. Food / Feed Strategy squid, fish, crabs

Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goblin_shark

Lamniformes

Species #: 87


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Family:

Genus: Remora

Coryphaenidae

Perciformes

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Remora Scientific Name: Remora remora Geography / Habitat: mediterranian and atlantic Life Strategy: attaches itself to larger animals Food / Feed Strategy: gillrakers filter plankton as they ride large fish

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Superior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Remora

Species #: 88


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family:

Genus:

Orectolobidae

Title: Saltwater

Orectolobus

Species #: 89

Common Name: Spotted Wobbegong Scientific Name:

Orectolobiformes

Orectolobus maculatus

Geography / Habitat: Australian coast Life Strategy: bottomfeeders Food / Feed Strategy: invertebrates


• Body Form or Style: Depressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citations: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spotted_wobbegong


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Perciformes

Family: Chaetodontidae

Genus:

Pomacanthus

Title: Saltwater Common Name: French Angelfish Scientific Name: Pomacanthus paru Geography / Habitat: atlantic coasts Life Strategy: random spreading of sperm and eggs Food / Feed Strategy: algae and sponges

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_angelfish

Species #: 90


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family:

Genus: Myliobatis

Dasyatidae

Rajiformes

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 91

Common Name: Southern Atlantic Stingray Scientific Name:

Dasyatis americana

Geography / Habitat: south atlantic Life Strategy: independent after birth Food / Feed Strategy: crabs, shellfish, marine worms, small fish

• • •

Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Amiiform Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_stingray


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Family:

Genus: Thalassoma

Labridae

Perciformes

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 92

Common Name: Bluehead Wrasse Scientific Name:

Thalassoma bifasciatum

Geography / Habitat: Western Atlantic Ocean, inshore bays and seagrass beds Life Strategy: females can change sex Food / Feed Strategy: plankton, worms, shrimp, small crustaceans

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thalassoma_bifasciatum


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Genus: Triaenodon

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Whitetip Reef Shark Scientific Name: Triaenodon obesus Geography / Habitat: tropical waters, coral reefs Life Strategy: medium size litter, cares for pups Food / Feed Strategy: bony fishes and some crustaceans, mollusks, etc.

Species #: 93


• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitetip_reef_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Scyliorhinidae

Genus:

Scyliorhinus

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 94

Common Name: Chain Catshark Scientific Name:

Scyliorhinus retifer

Geography / Habitat: western Central Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, Carribean. Life Strategy: no nurturing from parents Food / Feed Strategy: squid, fish, annelids, and crustaceans

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chain_catshark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Family: Chaetodontidae

Genus:

Perciformes Chaetodon

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 95

Common Name: Foureye Butterflyfish Scientific Name:

Chaetodon capistratus

Geography / Habitat: Western Tropical Atlantic, Life Strategy: schools of up to 15 Food / Feed Strategy: browser, eats mostly anthozoans. also fish eggs, crustaceans, worms

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foureye_butterflyfish


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family:

Genus: Myliobatis

Myliobatidae

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Bat Ray Scientific Name: Myliobatis californicus Geography / Habitat: Sea of Cortez Life Strategy: pups are not nurtured Food / Feed Strategy: mollusks, crustaceans, small fish

Body Form or Style: Depressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Amiiform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citations: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bat_rays

Myliobatoidei

Species #: 96


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Heterodontiformes

Family:

Genus:

Heterodontidae

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Port Jackson Shark Scientific Name: Heterodontus portusjacksoni Geography / Habitat: tropical waters Life Strategy: interact mainly for breeding Food / Feed Strategy: starfish, sea urchins, gastropods

Heterodontus

Species #: 97


• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_jackson_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order:

Family:

Genus:

Labridae

Title: Saltwater Common Name: Clown Wrasse Scientific Name: Coris aygula Geography / Habitat: Indian ocean Life Strategy: one male mates in a group Food / Feed Strategy: shelled mollusks, crabs, sea urchins

• Body Form or Style: Compressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform • Mouth Position: Superior • Citation:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coris_aygula

Perciformes Coris Species #: 98


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order:

Family:

Genus: Alopias

Alopiidae

Lamniformes

Title: Saltwater

Species #:99

Common Name: Thresher Shark Scientific Name:

Alopias vulpinus

Geography / Habitat: tropical and temperate waters worldwide Life Strategy: small litters Food / Feed Strategy: eats small fish in schools

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thresher_shark


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Scyliorhinidae

Genus: Cephaloscyllium

Title: Saltwater

Species #: 100

Common Name: Swell Shark Scientific Name:

Cephaloscyllium ventriosum

Geography / Habitat: Eastern Pacific Ocean Life Strategy: nocturnal, solitary Food / Feed Strategy: bony fishes and crustaceans.

• Body Form or Style: Fusiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swell_shark


Class: Gastropoda

Order:

Neogastropoda

Family: Fasciolariidae

Genus: Pleuroploca

Species: gigantea

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 101

Common Name: Florida Horse Conch Scientific Name: Pleuroploca gigantea Geography / Habitat: sand and weeds, shallow water, Eastern N. America (Gulf of Mexico, Southeastern U.S.) Life Strategy: sexual; attaches capsules to rocks or old shells Food / Feed Strategy: carnivore, eats bivalves and other snails


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Octopoda

Family: Octopodidae

Genus: Hapalochlaena

• Body Form or Style: Shelled gastropod • Swim / Locomotion Style: Foot • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florida_Horse _conch

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates Common Name: Blue-ringed Octopus Scientific Name: Hapalochlaena maculosa Geography / Habitat: Indo-Pacific tidal rock pools Life Strategy: male courts respondent females with colors Food / Feed Strategy: extremely toxic. carnivorous; shrimp, crustaceans

Species #: 102


• Body Form or Style: Octopod • Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue_ringed_octopus


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order:

Family: Vampyroteuthidae

Genus: Vampyroteuthis

Vampyromorpha

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 103

Common Name: Vampire Squid Scientific Name: Vampyroteuthis infernalis Geography / Habitat: Prefers no light (1,500-2,500m), tropical and subtropical oceans worldwide Life Strategy: female discharges eggs after mating, free-float, no further care Food / Feed Strategy: Carnivore; eats when it can catch. very slow metabolic rate. not aggressive

• • • • •

Common Name: Vampire Squid Scientific Name: Vampyroteuthis infernalis Body Form or Style: Octopod Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion Mouth Position: Inferior


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Spirulida

Family: Spirulidae

Genus: Spirula

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 104

Common Name: Ram’s Horn Squid Scientific Name: Spirula spirula Geography / Habitat: tropical coastal waters, Life Strategy: male implants sperm sac, female lays eggs with nutrients until hatching, then young are independent Food / Feed Strategy: nocturnal hunter, eats small fish and crustaceans


• Body Form or Style: Squid-like • Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ram%27s_horn_squid


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Bivalvia

Order:

Family:

Genus: Mercenaria

Veneridae

Title: Marine/Saltwater Invertebrates

Veneroida

Species #: 105

Common Name: Cherry Stone Clam Scientific Name: Mercenaria mercenaria Geography / Habitat: east coast of North America Life Strategy: high density spawning, males and females all release gametes together, eggs become trocophore larvae first Food / Feed Strategy: eats plankton by filtering water

Body Form or Style: Shelled gastropod • Swim / Locomotion Style: Foot • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hard_clam


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Gastropoda

Order:

Family: Aplysiidae

Genus: Aplysia

Anaspidea

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates Common Name: California Seahare Scientific Name:

Aplysia californica

Geography / Habitat: California coast Life Strategy: hermaphroditic Food / Feed Strategy: herbivorous, eats algae and eelgrass

Species #: 106


• Body Form or Style: Nudibranch • Swim / Locomotion Style: Foot • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_sea_hare


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Octopoda

Family: Octopodidae

Genus: Octopus

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates Common Name: Common Octopus Scientific Name:

Octopus vulgaris

Geography / Habitat: all warm waters Life Strategy: female lays 100k eggs Food / Feed Strategy: gastropods and bivalves

Species #: 107


• Body Form or Style: Octopod • Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_Octopus


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Octopoda

Family: Argonautidae

Genus: Argonauta

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates Common Name: Knobby Argonaut Scientific Name: Argonauta nodosa Geography / Habitat: all oveans Life Strategy: Food / Feed Strategy: crayfish, crabs, and bivalves

• Body Form or Style: Shelled octopod • Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion • Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knobby_argonaut

Species #: 108


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Sepiida

Family: Sepiidae

Genus: Sepia

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates Common Name: Common Cuttlefish Scientific Name: Sepia officinalis Geography / Habitat: Mediterranean and Atlantic Life Strategy: Internal fertilization Food / Feed Strategy: small fish, shrimp, crabs, crustaceans

• Body Form or Style: Depressiform • Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuttlefish

Species #: 109


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Octopoda

Family: Octopodidae

Genus: Hapalochlaena

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 110

Common Name: Greater Blue-ringed Octopus Scientific Name: Hapalochlaena lunulata Geography / Habitat: Indowest Pacific and Indian Oceans Life Strategy: female guards 60-100 eggs for 50 days, doesn’t even eat, dies upon hatching Food / Feed Strategy: carnivorous; fish, crabs, mollusks, small marine organisms

• Body Form or Style: Octopod • Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greater_Blue-ringed_Octopus


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Octopoda

Family: Octopodidae

Genus: Octopus

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 111

Common Name: Joubin’s Octopus Scientific Name: Octopus joubini Geography / Habitat: Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea to Guyanas Life Strategy: short (5 minute) mating, then female lays eggs, broods, dies after hatching Food / Feed Strategy: crabs and snails

• Body Form or Style: Octopod • Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven-arm_Octopus


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Gastropoda

Order: Archaeogastropoda

Family: Haliotididae

Genus: Haliotis

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates Common Name: Northern Abalone Scientific Name:

Haliotis kamtschatkana

Geography / Habitat: Pacific coast of North America, rocky substrate, algae Life Strategy: external fertilization, 48-hour larval stage Food / Feed Strategy: coralline algae

Species #: 112


• Body Form or Style: Shelled gastropod • Swim / Locomotion Style: Foot • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_abalone


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Gastropoda

Order: Archaeogastropoda

Family: Haliotididae

Genus: Haliotis

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates Common Name: Red Abalone Scientific Name:

Haliotis rufescens

Geography / Habitat: Southern Oregon to Baja California Life Strategy: eggs and sperm released into water Food / Feed Strategy: algae, kelp, plankton

Species #: 113


• Body Form or Style: Shelled gastropod • Swim / Locomotion Style: Foot • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/red_albalone


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Octopoda

Family: Octopodidae

Genus: Octopus

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 111

Common Name: Caribbean Reef Octopus Scientific Name:

Octopus briareus

Geography / Habitat: temperate to tropical waters in gulf of mexico Life Strategy: male mounts, injects sperm. Female settles, broods eggs until hatched, fully independent offspring. Food / Feed Strategy: crabs

• Body Form or Style: Octopod • Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion • Mouth Position: Inferior Citations: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caribbean_reef_octopus


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Teuthida

Family: Loliginidae

Genus: Loligo

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 115

Common Name: Longfinned Inshore Squid Scientific Name:

Loligo pealeii

Geography / Habitat: Eastern Continental shelf of N. America, Gulf of Mexico, shallow waters Life Strategy: males court females, females lay 200-egg packets on sea floor to be fertilized. changes color for courtship and defense Food / Feed Strategy: carnivorous; other squid, crustaceans, fishes, shrimp

• • •

Body Form or Style: Squid-like Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion Mouth Position: Inferior


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Gastropoda

Order:

Family: Aplysiidae

Genus: Aplysia

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates Common Name: Spotted Sea Hare Scientific Name:

Aplysia dactylomela

Geography / Habitat: tropical waters around the world Life Strategy: hermaphroditic Food / Feed Strategy: eats red and green algae

• Body Form or Style: Nudibranch • Swim / Locomotion Style: Foot • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spotted_Sea_Hare

Anaspidea

Species #: 116


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Teuthida

Family: Loliginidae

Genus: Loligo

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 117

Common Name: Longfinned Squid Scientific Name:

Loligo forbesii

Geography / Habitat: All open coast, Eastern Atlantic, near sandy or muddy bottoms Life Strategy: up to 100,000 eggs, provided with yolk sac, no further parental investment. Food / Feed Strategy: eats smaller organisms (fish, other mollusks, etc.)


• Body Form or Style: Squid-like • Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longfinned_Squid


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Octopoda

Family: Stauroteuthidae

Genus: Stauroteuthis

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 118

Common Name: N/A Scientific Name: Stauroteuthis syrtensis Geography / Habitat: Waters off continental shelf, Eastern N. America, open water, near bottom

Life Strategy: because it’s deep-water, little known about mating or parental care. Internal fertilization, lays about 900 eggs

Food / Feed Strategy: small crustaceans, mainly copepods. bioluminescence of suckers may attract prey

• Body Form or Style: Octopod • Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion • Mouth Position: Inferior Citation: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Stauroteuthis_syrtensis


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order: Octopoda

Family: Argonautidae

Genus: Argonauta

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 119

Common Name: Greater Argonaut Scientific Name: Argonauta argo Geography / Habitat: near surface, epipelagic. tropical oceans worldwide

Life Strategy: male has special leg for fertilizing which breaks off. female creates shell for eggs before hatching

Food / Feed Strategy: feeds on plankton and small organisms on surface


• • •

Body Form or Style: Shelled Octopod Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion Mouth Position: Inferior


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Mollusca

Class: Cephalopoda

Order:

Family: Nautilidae

Genus: Nautilus

Nautilida

Title: Saltwater/Marine Invertebrates

Species #: 120

Common Name: Chambered Nautilus Scientific Name: Nautilus pompilius Geography / Habitat: Indo-Pacific, near bottoms of coral reefs

Life Strategy: male attaches sperm packet to female’s shell, female creates eggs, lays. hatched young are miniature adults, independent

Food / Feed Strategy: uses sense of smell, not sight, to eat fish, crabs, carrion


• • •

Body Form or Style: Shelled cephalopod Swim / Locomotion Style: Jet Propulsion Mouth Position: Terminal


Marine Biology Project  

125 different fish

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