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Technische Universit채t M체nchen Faculty of Architecture

Visiting Professorship in Emerging Technologies Charles Walker AA Summer Semester 2011


Technische Universit채t M체nchen Faculty of Architecture

Visiting Professorship in Emerging Technologies Charles Walker AA Summer Semester 2011


CONCEPT VISITING PROFESSORSHIP

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Emerging Technologies


CONCEPT VISITING PROFESSORSHIP

Visiting Professorship in Emerging Technologies The new Visiting Professorship ´Emerging Technologies´ gives an engineering-oriented view onto the whole process of architecture. The focus of the teaching is to produce architectural projects that demonstrate the latest and most revolutionary heights of structural and material developments and is placed between architecture and industrial design. The field ranges from parametric design to the building of 1:1 prototypes in the context of digital production processes. Munich is a city touched by the grandeur of the Alps and by the technological achievement of the twenty-first century. The TUM enhances the programme the new Visiting Professorship in ´Emerging Technologies´ through its surrounding high technology environment. Design and building processes are guided by the cooperations with partners from the industry, such as aerospace or car production (BWM, Eurocopter, Siemens, Audi, SGL Carbon, etc.). The pressure to reduce carbon emissions is one of the main factors in building and engineering processes wich have to become most efficient. A strong interest in researching and the close cooperation with the Munich School of Engineering and the Centre for Energyefficient construction is obligatory. Alternating Visiting International Professors run the design courses of the new Visiting Professorship in ´Emerging Technologies´. This ensures both innovation and variety in the teaching process and gives the students an interessting and wide-ranging view into the international field of architecture and product design.

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VISITING PROFESSOR | CHARLES WALKER

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VISITING PROFESSOR | CHARLES WALKER

Charles Walker B.E.S., B.Arch., MSc., D.I.C., CEng, MIStructE, ARB, RIBA Charles Walker is an architect, structural engineer and industry leader on the effects of digital technology on modern architectural design and construction. He studied architecture at the University of Waterloo in Canada and then post graduate structural engineering at the Imperial College of Science Technology and Medicine. He has worked in design based engineering offices Whitby + Bird Engineers where he designed the Merchants Bridge in Manchester winning an Institution of Structural Engineers Special Award, Atelier One where he designed the domes at the Singapore Arts Centre and Ove Arup + Partners where he co-founded in 2000 (with Cecil Balmond) and led the Advanced Geometry Unit. At the Advanced Geometry Unit he worked with a number of international architects including Oscar Niemeyer, Toyo Ito, and Rem Koolhaas. From 2004 to 2007 he was master-planner of the Battersea Power Station site in London. In early 2007 Charles left Arup to found from-work projects and to join Zaha Hadid Architects where he currently works as a project director on a number if international projects. Charles has been a unit teacher at the Architectural Association School of Architecture from 2003 to 2010, were his students (Intermediate Unit 2) design and build the annual AA Summer Pavilion. The work of his unit has been recorded in the recent AA publication Agendas 9; Making Pavilions.

Growing Algorythm Student design of the AA Unit of Charles Walker & Martin Self

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BACKGROUND | PHILOSOPHY

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BACKGROUND | PHILOSOPHY

Driftwood, AA Summer Pavilion Driftwood was designed by concept designer Danecia Sibingo a 3rd year student, and a team that includes Lyn Hayek, Yoojin Kim, and Taeyoung Lee. ‘Driftwood’, the Architectural Association’s summer pavilion designed by Unit 2 Students is located today in Bedford Square, London, in United Kingdom. The sustainable spruce ‘Kerto’ plywood structure is “neither art nor architecture, science nor ecological adventure, but a sculptural installation and prototype that defies classification. It embraces invention, experimentation, new materials and aesthetic intelligence,” according to a spokesperson for the AA. The pavilion was selected by a panel of seven eminent judges from the worlds of architecture, engineering, design, media and ecology. “It provides a thoughtful, provoking reminder of the UK’s inextricable link to the sea – its undulating form created by the motion of the water, carried by waves and coming to rest in busy central London,” added the spokesperson. Now in its fourth year of building pavilions, Intermediate Unit 2 pavilion projects are led by tutors Charles Walker and Martin Self with technical advice from ARUP, this year led by Ching Luan Lau, Senior Engineer. The unit challenges students to create architectural space through the construction of a sustainable timber pavilion and is also sponsored by HOK architects. Driftwood is on show in Bedford Square until 25 July 2009.

Driftwood Pavilion Student design of the AA Unit of Charles Walker & Martin Self

“The annual summer pavilion competition provides a unique opportunity for students to work together to design, develop and ultimately fabricate a professional standard architectural structure for the public to enjoy. Unparalleled in any other architectural school, it creates a collaborative working environment, nurturing inspiration and encouraging radical and fresh ideas which come to life in the form of these incredible structures”, says Brett Steele, Director, The Architectural Association School.

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BACKGROUND | PHILOSOPHY

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BACKGROUND | PHILOSOPHY

Swoosh, AA Summer Pavilion London’s Bedford Square is once again being transformed by the arrival of a dynamic timber structure. The Swoosh is this year’s winner of the AA’s summer pavilion competition. Working from an original concept by student Valeria Garcia, 12 second- and third-year students, supervised by tutors Charles Walker and Martin Self, have collaborated over 30 weeks to transform a 2D drawing and a towering pile of timber into a thoughtful and aesthetically forceful space. The judges included BD’s editor Amanda Baillieu, Renato Benedetti of McDowell & Benedetti Architects, Alex de Rijke of dRMM, Warren Dudding of Finnforest and Ian Fleetwood of HOK. Walker and Self say they gave a very open brief. “We asked them to create a pavilion for 100 people with some level of enclosure, and that was basically it,” says Self. The response is a swirling, 60m-wide pavilion which wraps itself around a sturdy lamppost and skirts the pavement enclosing Bedford Square’s central green. It is made of 653 pieces of timber and consists of vertical curving columns — connected by hundreds of short beams — spiralling out from a central fulcrum. While the centre is dense and enclosed, the tails of the spiral taper out to become benches. As for the form, fluidity was the driving factor. “The main goal was to create a sense of flow,” says student Katrina Scoufaridou. The pavilion’s complex geometry meant they had to switch from a computing scripting model to handcrafted 3D models, calculating many details by themselves. Their collaboration with Arup also led to the height of the pavilion rising from 2.5m to 3.3m, which ultimately produced a more elegant solution. Swoosh Pavilion Student design of the AA Unit of Charles Walker & Martin Self

The structure is made almost entirely out of Kerto, a laminated veneer lumber donated by Finnforest.

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Initiator of the Visiting International Professor Prof. Richard Horden

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INITIATOR OF THE VISITING INTERNATIONAL PROFESSOR | Prof. RICHARD HORDEN

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INITIATOR OF THE VISITING INTERNATIONAL PROFESSOR | Prof. RICHARD HORDEN

Prof. Richard Horden From 1996 until 2011 Richard Horden was leading an architecture programme at TU Munich that has gained international attention and wide appeal for its achievements in small designs. Inspired by Case Study Houses and nautical and aviation design, Richard Horden led students to produce built projects that demonstrate the latest and most revolutionary heights of structural and material development on the micro level, somewhere between architecture and industrial design. Many of his design ideas are taken almost directly from nature, from the penguin that has withstood eons of subzero temperatures and blasting gales, to the sturdy reed and humble duck. As nature has endowed flora and fauna with the most efficient equipment for surviving in their environments, Richards students at TUM had to take a closer look at nature. Many of these research projects get built. Richard Horden ran this as a study programme - summarized from Professor Horden as ´Micro Architecture´ - that wants to see ideas thought to the last bolt. It may not mean that every idea is produced at 1:1 scale, but his Institute for Architecture and Product Design was a place where a lot of model-making happend, a lot of research into new materials (as well as site, climate, topography) and then often, at the very least, a workable prototype that elicits outside interest and/or funding for real-size structures.

Project Design Dates

Ski Hause Richard Horden 1992-2004

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Design Task TUM Summer Pavillion

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TUM Summer Pavilion The student group will work together to develop and design a single TUM Summer Pavilion proposal that will be selected at the end of the semester from among numerous proposals by a competitive external jury. The intent is to develop a fully engineered and technically complete project with full construction documentation ready for construction. The intent is that the pavilion project could be realised, however whether this will be achieved is uncertain and will be determined depending on the success of the project. Certain successful projects may also be entered into a current ideas competition for an information pavilion on the occasion of the 2012 Olympics in London’s Trafalgar Square. The semester will be divided into three parts. PART 1 CONCEPT DESIGN 20 ideas in 20 days. In the first three weeks of the semester students are required to generate one idea (for a pavilion) per day. There is no required format for the presentation of the ideas, they may be written, drawn, modelled or found. For this part of the semester ideas may be borrowed or copied or reworked from previous projects, the intent is that by the end of the 20 ideas we will have exhausted the usual and familiar work and we will reach deep into the inventive, imaginative and unprecedented. Each Monday groups will meet to review these ideas with Charles Walker and the teaching assistants. A system of voting for successful ideas will be established to aid the discussion, evaluation and critique of the many ideas presented. At the conclusion of three weeks each student will present their 20 ideas in a 10 minute presentation and a single best idea will be identified to be presented in the ideas competition. At the end four week an external jury will select 9 (nine) pavilion concepts to carry forward to Part 2 of the semester. The concept

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DESIGN TASK | INFORMATION PAVILION

TUM Summer Pavilion jury submission requirements will be one A1 panel. After selection of the 9 concepts the students will reorganise as small groups of 3-4 for development of the concepts. PART 2 DESIGN In this stage the 9 groups closely mentored by the teaching assistants will develop the pavilion design proposals. Each week the groups will meet for a one hour tutorial at which time the design development of the proposals and initial technical proposals will be discussed. The intent is to develop plans sections and elevations of the proposal at 1:50 as well as a computer model for renderings and a physical model at 1:50. At the conclusion of three weeks this material will be submitted to a further competitive external jury at which time 4 (four) pavilion proposals will be selected to move forward to Part 3 of the semester. It is intended that the pavilion will be constructed from timber. This is in part due to the ease of working this material in the workshop but in addition for its sustainable building material status and because FinnForest Merc will sponsor the student work and because of the excellent timber construction knowledge present at TUM. PART 3 CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTATION In the third part of the semester the student will reorganise as 4 (four) teams of 8-9 students. In this three week period the student teams will be supported by external engineers (Bollinger and Grohmann) as well as one of the teaching assistants, as mentor to develop a full technical set of technical construction documents. The intention is that upon leaving the programme the students teams will have a fully detailed set of construction drawing of a small project to their own design.

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DESIGN TASK | INFORMATION PAVILION

TUM Summer Pavilion Mid way through Part 3 of the semester the 4 selected proposals may be submitted as entries in the current ideas competition for an information pavilion to be located in London’s Trafalgar Sq. on the occasion of the 2012 Olympics. At the conclusion of Part 3 an external jury will assemble to select a single TUM Summer Pavilion competition winner. There will be a rigorous technical prequalification jury and only full detailed and technically complete schemes will go forward to the competition jury. AFTERWARD At this time the teaching staff are exploring the possibility of the pavilion becoming realised, however this will depend on the success of the student work and whether appropriate sponsors can be identified over the duration of the semester. But in any event a full technical proposal will have been prepared and be ready for construction. EVALUATION Each Part of the semester will be counted equally in the evaluation of student work. Part 1 is Individual Conceptual Work and the students should prepare a portfolio of their 20 ideas for the pavilion. Part 2 concerns Design and Design Development and is group work in groups of 3-4 students. The competition presentation material will be evaluated. Part 3 concerns Technical Drawings and the construction drawings and further competition presentation material may be used.

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Organisation Visiting Professorship Courses | Design Studio | Organisation

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STUDY PROGRAM | COURSES

Intern. Building Typologies The lecture is about knowledge of contemporary international architecture. The main focus is the understanding of the main characteristics of international building types such as airports, office buildings, medical and mixed use buildings which combine transportation, residential, retail and business environments. Students should learn the ability to analyze and organize complex contemporary buildings with regard to zoning of structure, services and people circulation and flow. Perception of the architectonic relationship between large and small scale and between building form, details and components. Analysis and documentation of buildings in regard to specific aspects of structure, zoning, access, mechanical services, detail, etc. Design and representation of characteristic building details. Interdisciplinary share of knowledge between different disciplines; e.g. product design, traffic engineering, aviation engineering etc. >> obligatory to our design cours

Credits: 3 ECTS Hours: Tue. 04:00pm - 06:00pm Room: Vorhoelzer Forum Lecturer: Prof. Charles Walker, Dipl. Ing. Ulrike Fuchs, Dipl. Ing. Nadine Zinser-Junghanns, Dipl. Ing. Wieland Schmidt

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STUDY PROGRAM | COURSES

Architecture in Space

Design and Production

Knowledge of constraints affecting design for conditions of weightlessness, for situations in space and under other extreme conditions; e.g. at and on the water, in the Arctic, and in industry. Ability to enter into a dialogue with other engineering disciplines (mechanical, electrical and electronic technicians, etc.). Ability to think in an interdisciplinary manner. Understanding of common aspects of projects for extreme environmental conditions. Presentation of the main principles and environmental conditions affecting planning for situations in space and for extreme environments on earth. Model depictions of planning processes in these fields. Training in communication with other engineering disciplines. Excursions to selected institutions (DLR/DAS/NASA) and industrial enterprises.

The computer as a design tool offers architects new formal possibilities. Because of the digital chain from design to the manufacture of separate individual components the computer enables the creation of complex architectural structures. We are modeling complex freeforms with Rhino and the Parameterplugin Grasshopper, showing different structures in order to investigate the resulting Computermodelle and produce several prototypes with computer-controlled machines like lasercutter, 3D milling and rapid prototyping. Form Follows Producibility

Credits: 3 ECTS Hours: Mo.04:30pm - 06:00pm Room: 4170 design studio Visiting Lecturer: Dipl. Ing. Hans Huber

Credits: 3 ECTS Hours: Wed. 9:00am - 11:00am Room: 1719 Lecturer: Dipl. Ing. Stefan Kaufmann Chair: Architectural Informatics

>> obligatory to our design cours

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FACILITIES | DESIGN STUDIO

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FACILITIES | DESIGN STUDIO

Design Studio The design studio offers upper semester students the opportunity to improve their design skills. The unique approach in strongly combining research and teaching led to many outstanding projects, some of them built full scale. Prefered topics are habitation and mobility, microarchitecture, space architecture but projects range from housing to towers, inhabited bridges to arctic stations. Some of them are highly experimental others reach patenting status. Teaching focus is on innovation, conceptual and lateral thinking, new technologies, construction, interdisciplinary work, collaboration with industries and potential clients, multimedia presentation and model building up full scale mock-ups. Students learn the full range of skills an architects needs.

TEAM-WORK The project should be developed first in person and will be handled as a competition system where the students joun up later in bigger groups. Please work in our atelier - you will learn most while working together with other students! COACHING The assistants and professor team will help guide you and show how to optimise your design from concept to final presentation.Teaching hours are every monday and tuesday from 9:00am.

Studio Emerging Technologies Room 4170 design critic

DESIGN PROCESS You are free to breake the rules and design new, fresh and innovative concepts!

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ORGANISATION | DESIGN STUDIO

Timeline design course and IBT lectures TIME

EVENT

LOCATION

COURS

03.05.2011

10.00 h

Launch Lecture 1: Charles Walker introduction to design task

Vorhoelzer Forum

IBT / Design

09.05.2011 10.05.2011

09:00 h 09:00 h

Room 4170 Room 4170

Design Design

10.05.2011

15:00 h

Ideas Review: Group 1 Group Breakfest Ideas Review: Group 2 Lecture 2: Charles Walker

Vorhoelzer Forum

IBT

16.05.2011 17.05.2011 17.05.2011

09:00 h 09:00 h 16:00 h

Ideas Review: Group 1 Ideas Review: Group 2 Lecture 3: Charles Walker

Room 4170 Room 4170 Vorhoelzer Forum

Design Design IBT

23.05.2011 09:00 h 23.05.2011 Mo! 16:00 h 24.05.2011 09:00 h

Ideas Review: Group 1 Lecture 4: Charles Walker Ideas Review: Group 2 Individual reviews of 20 ideas

Room 4170 Vorhoelzer Forum Room 4170

Design IBT Design

30.05.2011

09:00 h

Vorhoelzer Forum

Design

31.05.2011 31.05.2011

09:00 h 16:00 h

TESTAT 1: Ideas Selection Jury >> Selection of 9 Groups Design Review Lecture 5: Charles Walker

Room 4170 Room 4170

Design IBT

06/07.06.2011 07.06.2011

09:00 h 16:00 h

Design Review Lecture 6: Charles Walker

Room 4170 Vorhoelzer Forum

Design IBT

14/15.06.2011 14.06.2011

09:00 h 16:00 h

Design Review Lecture 7: Charles Walker

Room 4170 Vorhoelzer Forum

Design IBT

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ORGANISATION | DESIGN STUDIO

Timeline design course and IBT lectures TIME

EVENT

LOCATION

COURS

TESTAT 2: Design Selection Jury >> Selection of 4 Groups Technical Review Lecture 8: Charles Walker

Vorhoelzer Forum

Design

Room 4170 Vorhoelzer Forum

Design IBT

27/28.06.2011 09:00 h 27.06.2011 Mo! 16:00 h

Technical Review Lecture 9: Charles Walker

Room 4170 Vorhoelzer Forum

Design IBT

04/05.07.2011 05.07.2011

09:00 h 16:00 h

Technical Review Lecture 10: Charles Walker

Room 4170 Vorhoelzer Forum

Design IBT

12.07.2011

09:00 h

FINAL TESTAT : Final Selection Jury

Vorhoelzer Forum

Design

19.07.2011

10:00 h

FINAL EXAMS

Room 4119

IBT

20.06.2011

09:00 h

21.06.2011 21.06.2011

09:00 h 16:00 h

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ORGANISATION | TEACHING TEAM

Teaching team at TU München

Charles Walker Visiting Professor

Ulrike Fuchs Teaching Assistant

Nadine Zinser-Junghanns Teaching Assistant

CONTACT Wieland Schmidt Teaching Assistant

Moritz Mungenast Teaching Assistant

alexandra von petersdorff office management

Technische Universität München Fakultät Für Architektur Visiting Professorship In Emerging Technologies Arcisstrasse 21 D 80333 München Fon: +49 (0)89.289 22 491 Fax: +49 (0)89.289 28 408 E-mail: sekr.horden@lrz.tum.de

Stephan Schäfer Visiting Tutor

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Hans Huber Visiting Lecturer

E-mail adresses assistants: vorname.name@et.tum.de


ORGANISATION | COOPERATION INSTITUTES

Cooperation institutes PROVISIONAL HEAD Chair for Architectural Informatics Prof. Dr.-Ing. Frank Petzold www.ai.ar.tum.de

COOPERATION INSTITUTES TU MĂœNCHEN Chair for Climatic Design and Building Services Prof. Dr.-Ing. Gerhard Hausladen www.bk.ar.tum.de Chair for Energy efficient and Sustainable Planning and Building Univ. Prof. Dr.-Ing., M.Arch.II (UCLA) www.enpb.bv.tum.de Chair for Industrial Design Prof. Dipl. Des. Fritz Frenkler www.id.ar.tum.de Teaching and Research Unit for Technology and Design of Shell Constructions Prof. Dr.-Ing. Tina Wolf www.hk.ar.tum.de

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Impressum Technische Universität München Fakultät Für Architektur Visiting Professorship In Emerging Technologies Arcisstrasse 21 D 80333 München

GRAPHIC DESIGN Ulrike Fuchs TEXT Nadine Zinser-Junhanns, Ulrike Fuchs PRINTING Grafik + Druck, München This imprinting is subject to copyright. All rights are re­served, whether the whole or part of the materials is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, re­printing, re-use of illustrations, recitation, broad­ casting, reproduction on microfilms or in other ways, and storage in data banks. For any kind of use, per­mission of the copyright owner must be obtained.

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