THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 2013
VOL. 91 | NO. 16 | $4.25
SERVING WESTERN CANADIAN FARM FAMILIES SINCE 1923
DEALING WITH VOLUNTEERS | P5
AGRONOMY | HERBICIDE USE WEATHER | INPUT COSTS
Input worries spring up Short season, extra costs | Diesel supply may be a problem with a tight seeding window WINNIPEG BUREAU, SASKATOON NEWSROOM
Snowstorms and continuing cold temperatures are creating a potential disaster for prairie farmers if any of the systems they rely upon break down during seeding. “Can the infrastructure handle
this compressed seeding?” worried Dan Mazier, who farms near Justice, Man. “How do you get that much energy out to the field at once, let alone the fertilizer?” Farmers will need a steady flow of diesel fuel, fertilizer and other inputs when they are finally able to
get the big iron moving. The short growing season means there will be no room for error. That’s why some farmers are anxious about input supplies especially diesel fuel, which is becoming a chronic problem on the Prairies. Western Canada is normally considered to be energy
rich, but it actually has a deficit in diesel fuel production. “It is a big concern and it is probably going to be a concern for us at least for the short and medium terms,” energy market analyst Jason Parent of the Kent Group said during the Canada Grains Council’s annual meeting. SEE INPUT WORRIES, PAGE 2
Yields suffer if herbicide application exceeds recommended rates BY SEAN PRATT SASKATOON NEWSROOM
Farmers are increasingly spraying their canola crops at above label rates, which is causing significant yield loss, says Monsanto Canada. Company research trials conducted over a two-year period on 53 sites shows farmers are losing an average of three bushels per acre by over-spraying, costing them $40 per acre at today’s prices. “I think that’s the piece that people have not understood, is that there is risk associated with this practice,” said Dave Kelner, canola technical lead with Monsanto Canada. A survey of 1,700 farmers conducted by Stratus Agri-Marketing Inc. on behalf of Monsanto found that 45 percent of farmers sprayed above label rates in 2012, up eight percentage points from the 2011 results. SEE OVERSPRAYING, PAGE 3
u|xhHEEJBy00001pzYv":' APRIL 18, 2013 Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Box 2500, Saskatoon, SK. S7K 2C4
Fuel driver Rob Smith with Rack Petroleum of Biggar, Sask., prepares to deliver diesel to farms and service stations across the province April 12. | WILLIAM DEKAY PHOTO
The Western Producer is published in Saskatoon by Western Producer Publications, which is owned by GVIC Communications Corp. Publisher: Shaun Jessome Publications Mail Agreement No. 40069240
BY ED WHITE & MICHAEL RAINE
Overspraying adds costs, cuts yields
APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
INSIDE THIS WEEK
WEATHER | FROM PAGE ONE
Input worries spring up “Supply of diesel in Western Canada hasn’t kept up with the increase in demand in recent years.” Parent said Western Canada had a diesel production surplus 10 years ago but now imports 40,000 barrels per day. The problem is that the prairie pipeline network is designed for diesel to flow out of the West rather than to flow in. It creates a situation in which a pipeline breach or a refinery problem can immediately create a fuel shortage in much of the Prairies, as happened during the late stages of a recent harvest. Most farmers don’t have enough on-farm storage to keep running through seeding or harvest without resupply, so in a year of tight seeding windows, the potential for problems becomes extreme. Independent fuel dealer Chris Adair of Rack Petroleum in Biggar, Sask., said he doesn’t think there will be a problem as long as no part of the system breaks. “This spring is a bit delayed due to all the snow out there, but the oilfields are breaking up for the season, the ice roads are going down, so supplies shouldn’t be fully taxed,” said Adair. “Inventories right now are pretty good.” However, that is true only if supplies keep flowing. A pipeline fire that caused a major disruption in November 2011 left the Prairies short. “We got through that OK, but it was at the end of harvest. A month earlier and it might have been a different story,” said Adair. It makes sense for producers to store 75 percent of their estimated fuel needs on the farm because it gives them a buffer against crisis, he added.
Mazier said many farmers don’t realize they probably need more fuel storage. Having a week’s worth of supply makes sense, but most farmers have far less than that. The overreliance on one fuel is also worrisome. Almost everything runs on diesel, which is in short supply. That’s why it might make sense to adapt some farm machinery to natural gas, which is being done in other areas. Mazier said Western Canada has a surplus of natural gas, with pipelines in many places, and handling the fuel wouldn’t be difficult for local fuel suppliers. “That would be a whole different scenario,” said Mazier, who has a pipeline running through the middle of his own rural municipality. “We have natural gas pipelines all over the place.” Parent said the diesel deficit should abate within a few years. Massive refinery investment in Asia is going to make cheap diesel available to coastal British Columbia, which means the region probably won’t consume much prairie diesel in the future. As well, expanding the pipeline from Alberta to Vancouver will take pressure off the rest of the prairie pipeline system and allow it to better handle all demands. A major, three-phase diesel fuel production expansion is underway at Alberta’s North West Redwater Partnership, which Parent said should break the bottleneck. “It’s going to offset the increase in demand if all three phases come online,” said Parent. “Even if two phases come on line, (the situation will mostly be solved).” However, the first phase won’t be completed until 2014, so there’s at least one year of risk ahead.
REGULAR FEATURES Ag Stock Prices Classifieds Events, Mailbox Livestock Report Market Charts Opinion Open Forum On The Farm Weather
COLUMNS Feeding fears: Winter’s refusal to end this year is causing feeding headaches for cattle producers. See pages 87, 88. | ROBYN WHEAT PHOTO
» COOL WARNING: Agriculture » » » »
minister Gerry Ritz talks tough on what he’ll do next about COOL. 4 VOLUNTEER CANOLA: Last harvest’s windstorms are expected to create a big volunteer canola headache. 5 LAKEHEAD SHIPPING: The shipping season has started at Thunder Bay, although slower than expected. 15 WINTERY SPRING: The spring of 2013 is one for the history books. 17 PROXY FIGHT: Agrium’s retail outlets are safe as the fertilizer firm wins its proxy battle with an investor. 27
» COUNTERFEIT FOOD: » » » »
Mislabelled food products are becoming a growing concern for the food industry. 29 ANIMAL NEGLECT: Low-cost feeding practices are linked to a jump in livestock neglect cases in Saskatchewan. 35 GM WHEAT: A committee continues to study genetically modified wheat. 37 EU TRADE TALKS: Beef and pork access is one of the big issues in Canada-European Union trade deal talks. 78 ELEVATOR SYSTEM: Canada’s elevator system will stay different from the U.S., even with the new open market. 91
» U.S. FROST: The U.S. winter wheat crop »
might not survive last week’s frost. WESTWARD FLAX: Changing markets are moving flax production west from Manitoba to Alberta.
FARM LIVING 19
Saskatchewan government presents stewardship award BY KAREN BRIERE REGINA BUREAU
The Saskatchewan government has recognized the Lower Souris Watershed Committee for its efforts to protect water resources in the southeastern part of the province. The group received the 2013 Council of the Federation-Excellence in Water Stewardship Award last week, which is presented to an organization in each province and territory. The Lower Souris committee was recognized for strong leadership and innovation in implementing its source water protection plan. It was the first in the province to develop an agri-environmental group plan focused on source water protection. That work led to investments of $2.5 million in beneficial management practices within the watershed and served as a model for 27 additional group plans. Watershed co-ordinator Sheldon Kyle estimated 70 percent of the agricultural producers in the watershed area have participated in the group plan. The area includes the Pipestone Creek, Four Creeks and Antler Creek
areas and the communities of Kipling, Moosomin, Redvers, Carnduff and Gainsborough. Kyle said the group plan began after a green cover program proved successful. It decided to see if it could deliver environmental farm plans through a concentrated effort of producers. “We did a scan of the area and of the producers and said, ‘what are the BMPs that we think will have the largest environmental impact,’ ” he said. “It came up that anything related to ground water or surface water quality were the BMPs that people wanted to address as a group.” Kyle said producers like the group aspect because they don’t have to go through individual farm plans. They can sit down with watershed staff, complete a self-assessment and then apply for funding for specific projects. He said last week’s Growing Forward 2 programming announcement included changes to the BMPs that will be funded for the next five years. GPS guidance systems, portable windbreaks and some cross fencing have been eliminated. Precision farming BMPs will also be eligible.
Barry Wilson Editorial Notebook Hursh on Ag Market Watch Money in Your Pocket Animal Health TEAM Living Tips
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ENVIRONMENT | CONSERVATION
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» ON THE FARM: These foster parents raise a
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large family on their Saskatchewan dairy farm. 20 TOUGH RETAIL: Visit one of few remaining independent department stores. 21
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» MIRROR, MIRROR: Optical technology is used for quick disease identification.
» PRODUCTION MATTERS: This spring’s planting options are pencilled out to determine what’s hot and what’s not.
» POTTY TRAINING: A PhD student sees »
practical applications if she can successfully potty train dairy calves. 87 OPEN HOUSING: The Manitoba Pork Council is softening its position on eliminating sow gestation stalls by 2025. 90
» GLUTEN BACKLASH: The baking industry
is warning farmers that they must get serious about the consumer backlash against gluten. One speaker at a recent conference compared the concerns about gluten to those about MSG in the 1980s. 92
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THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
AGRONOMY | FROM PAGE ONE
Overspraying proves costly The survey also found that 30 percent of farmers sprayed at above label rates after the six-leaf stage of crop development, up four percentage points from the 2011 survey. Ke l n e r s a i d f a r m e r s w h o a re increasingly confronted by tough-tocontrol weeds such as dandelion, foxtail barley and wild buckwheat feel it is necessary to use more than the label rate of Roundup, which is either two applications of 0.33 litres per acre or one application of 0.5 litres per acre applied at the zero to six-leaf stage of development. The new Monsanto research shows the rewards of a cleaner field during the year of application: reduced dockage at harvest and fewer weeds the following year, are more than offset by the yield penalty, which was as high as one-third of the crop in some trials. Off-label herbicide application is increasing partly because of lower glyphosate prices. Roundup WeatherMAX, which retailed for $14 per litre in 2007, is selling for half that price today. Kelner said the company is publicizing the results so growers can get the most out of Monsanto’s existing seed technology. He said the company’s hybrid performance has come a long way in the last five or six years, and it wants growers to reap the full benefits of the Roundup system. “It is competitive with other systems on the market, but that’s not always realized because of various reasons, and one of them, I think, is this situation that’s happening with spraying off-label and hurting the crop,” said Kelner. Dale Leftwich, a grower from Esterhazy, Sask., and director of the Saskatchewan Canola Development Commission, thinks there may be an ulterior motive at work. Leftwich suspects Monsanto is attempting to build a case that overspraying is causing yield damage to boost interest in a new trait it has invested a lot of time and money developing. Monsanto received Canadian regulatory approval last summer for TruFlex Roundup Ready canola, a new trait that allows farmers to apply higher rates of herbicide in a wider window of application. The trait is expected to be commercialized next year. Leftwich doesn’t doubt farmers are guilty of over-spraying when weeds are tough to control or out of control. However, he is curious about how often the 45 percent of farmers in the survey are spraying at above label rates. Is it all the time or only occasionally? Is it on one canola field or every field? Leftwich said there is a perception among farmers that Bayer CropScience’s LibertyLink varieties yield better than Roundup Ready canola. He acknowledged it is plausible that the yield drag associated with overspraying glyphosate could be leading growers to that conclusion. Kelner said Monsanto’s first generation herbicide tolerance gene is tolerant to the chemical only within certain parameters. The resistance breaks down once the prescribed application levels are exceeded, and the plant becomes as susceptible to the chemical as a weed. Symptoms of plant damage are similar to what they are in weeds: yellowing, flower bleach and improper seed set.
AUCTION ACTION | auction lasted for 11 hours. |
The 33rd annual Spring Machinery Consignment Sale by Allen B. Olson Auction Service Ltd. attracted large crowds April 12 in Rimbey, Alta. The weather was windy and cold but dry, and the
F. SCOTTY AITKEN PHOTO
WEATHER | SNOW MELT
Slow melt raises flooding fears Dirty snow melts faster | A continual dusting of fresh snow reduces solar heating and delays melt BY KAREN BRIERE REGINA BUREAU
Each little dusting of snow is prolonging winter, even if it isn’t adding much to the snow pack. That’s because fresh white snow reflects more of the sun’s radiation back up to the atmosphere than it retains. This keeps the snow cold and prevents melting. The reverse effect is why dirty snow along a grid road or in a stubble field melts faster. It also means that when that dirty snow starts to go, it’s going to go fast. John Pomeroy, director of the University of Saskatchewan’s Centre for Hydrology and Canada research chair in water resources and climate change, said the reason is snow albedo, or its reflectance. “Fresh snow will have a reflectance of about .9, or .92, which means only 10 percent or less of its solar radiation energy is able to enter the snow pack and roughly 90 percent or 92 percent is reflected back up into the atmosphere,” he said. Snow that has collected impurities over the winter such as dust and dirt, or what the experts call snirt, is darker and wetter when the top layer of fresh snow melts and exposes the dirt. The albedo drops and increases the amount of solar energy that the snow can absorb, Pomeroy said. If it drops from .9 to .8, the capacity to absorb is doubled. A drop to .7
triples the absorption. Shallow snow is often dirtier and therefore absorbs more heat. Fields with exposed stubble also absorb more heat. “This year it’s really deep, it’s really clean and it’s very fresh,” Pomeroy said of the snow pack. This is keeping the albedo high and prolonging the winter. He wouldn’t be worried if it were still March, but it’s April and the sun is bound to do its job soon. “Whenever it does warm up on the Prairies, such that the albedo
decays and melt can begin, we’re going to be in a very high sun period with long days and high solar angles,” he said. The later the melt starts, the faster it will go. Large-scale flooding on the Prairies is almost always due to snow melt and there is a lot of it to melt this year. However, Pomeroy said there was a lot more snow in the much-referenced 1974 flood year. “The three things that you need to generate flooding are very wet soils, lower storage capacity in wetlands
While some areas in Alberta have started applying anhydrous fertilizer, like Peter Waldner from the MacMillan Colony near Cayley, Alta., other parts of the Prairies further east and north may be waiting for some time to get into fields, depending on how quickly the snow melts. | MIKE STURK PHOTO
… and high snow pack and late melt,” he said. It was reasonably dry last fall in most areas and wetland storage capacity will be variable, depending on the area. One area of uncertainty is how much water will infiltrate the frozen ground. This depends on moisture content in the fall and the amount of cracking in the soil. Pomeroy experimented in the late 1980s and early 1990s with artificial soil cracking using subsoilers and rippers. Snow fences erected near Kerrobert, Sask., and Kindersley, Sask., were designed to catch 1.5 metres of snow across a field. “Everything infiltrated into the soil,” he said, and some farmers adopted the practice to catch spring melt and runoff. It was proposed as a drought fighting measure, but can also be used to fight floods. “The big unknown for this year is the natural cracking that has occurred because of minimum tillage,” Pomeroy said. “We haven’t studied it very well and it should to some degree increase that storage in the soils. It seems to take about 10 years after the tillage ends for these cracks to fully develop.” He said the cracks were likely naturally part of the soil before humans tilled it and have returned as minimum and zero till farming systems were adopted. “It will be interesting to see the role they play,” he said. “It might save us.”
APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
COUNTRY-OF-ORIGIN LABELLING | PROPOSED CHANGES
COUNTRY-OF-ORIGIN LABELLING | OPPOSITION
Ritz vows COOL retaliation
Canadian, U.S. producers push for compliance
Gerry Ritz on mission | Proposed amendments will make market access to the U.S. worse, he says STORIES BY BARRY WILSON OTTAWA BUREAU
Agriculture minister Gerry Ritz took his crusade against U.S. country-of-origin labelling rules to Washington and Mexico City last week, vowing sharp retaliation if they are not changed. He told reporters that he used an April 9 meeting with U.S. agriculture secretary Tom Vilsack to argue that proposed amendments to COOL in reaction to a World Trade Organization ruling actually make it worse. He made the same argument to members of Congress and the Senate who deal with agricultural issues. In response to a challenge from Canada and Mexico, a WTO panel determined that the rules were disguised protectionism that violate U.S. obligations under trade agreements. The requirement that products be labelled if they contain meat from animals originating in Canada led to a sharp drop in export of feeder and slaughter cattle and slaughter hogs to U.S. feedlots and slaughter plants. WTO rules allow Canadian retaliation if the U.S. does not make acceptable changes by May 23, although tariffs likely would not be applied for a year or more to allow WTO appeals to run their course. “Our industry, the beef and pork sector, have identified some $1 billion a year that has gone missing from their bottom line since the countryof-origin labelling has been made mandatory in 2008,” Ritz said. If the Americans do not move, “I’m here to tell you, as a country we are more than prepared to apply retaliatory measures to recoup that billion dollars.” He said tariffs could go beyond beef and pork imports from the
Fewer Canadian trucks have been heading to U.S. feedlots and slaughter plants since the introduction of country-of-origin labelling. | FILE PHOTO United States. In Mexico, agriculture minister Enrique Martinez y Martinez told Ritz that he continues to work with Canada in opposing COOL and planning retaliation. “Both our countries challenged COOL before the WTO and we will continue to work collaboratively together on COOL every step of the way,” Ritz told a telephone news conference April 11. “We also exchanged our strategies on moving forward if the United States does not comply with its WTO obligations by May 23.” However, Ritz said after the lobbying trip that he did not see any indication Washington is prepared to move in the next five weeks. “I did not get a warm, fuzzy feeling on movement forward,” he said. “They are stuck in the situation that they have made for themselves. At the end of the day, we’re certainly here to help them pass that political hurdle and if it takes retaliatory
actions to make that happen, so be it.” Representatives of the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association were in Washington to support Ritz, meeting with U.S. cattle and beef industry representatives also opposed to COOL. Late in the week, both the CCA and the Canadian Pork Council filed formal briefs in Washington objecting that the earlier rule changes will make access to the U.S. more difficult rather than less. Ritz said the Canadian and American cattle industries are important allies. “We’re hopeful that the pressure being brought to bear by both Canadian industry, the Canadian government and of course, American industry and even the retail sector in the U.S., will start to convince them that this is wrong-headed action, that they must expand their thought process to really identify and address the spirit and the ruling of the WTO panel.”
Livestock producers on both sides of the Canada-United States border are urging the American government to mend its ways and change country-of-origin labelling rules. In briefs filed with the U.S Department of Agriculture by the April 11 deadline for comment, the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association, Canadian Pork Council and the U.S. National Pork Producers’ Council called on the American government to comply with World Trade Organization demands for COOL changes. If the USDA does not comply by May 23, Canada and Mexico can announce retaliatory tariffs against U.S. imports, although their implementation could be a year or more away. Canadian agriculture minister Gerry Ritz says based on industry estimates of COOL-related losses, Canadian retaliation could be worth $1 billion annually. The threat spurred the NPPC to action with a plea for a government change of heart. “The United States must avoid retaliation from Canada and Mexico,” NPPC president Randy Spronk said in a news release issued April 11 after the group filed its formal comments. “The United States should make sure our meat labelling law complies with our international trade obligations. Retaliatory tariffs on pork by Canada or Mexico would be financially devastating to U.S. pork producers.” The Canadian pork industry estimates loss of sales or price depression because of COOL has cost pro-
ducers $500 million annually since 2008. The CCA estimates the cost to its industry at $639 million annually, or $25 to $40 per head. The cattle producer lobby called on the USDA to withdraw changes it proposed March 12 as its answer to WTO calls for amendments to the rules. The Canadian industry insists the proposed changes would make the situation worse and increase costs to Canada. It objected that the administration did not provide analysis to justify its argument that the rules it proposed would meet WTO objections. All three livestock groups urged the U.S. last week to change the mandatory requirement for labelling of product containing meat from animals born or raised in a foreign country. Instead, all meat processed in a U.S. plant should be considered American product, they said. In its comments, the Canadian Pork Council argued that beyond retaliation, the American industry and consumers would pay a price. “The proposed regulatory rule will exacerbate the problem for Canadian exporters while reducing the competitiveness of the U.S. meat industry due to the lack of adequate supply to maintain throughput and competitive costs” said the CPC statement. “This will result in a significant loss of American jobs from the closure of livestock processing facilities and will almost certainly raise meat costs to American consumers.”
GERRY RITZ SAYS COOL RETALIATION COULD BE WORTH
$1 billion ANNUALLY
ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE | AGRICULTURE
Report citing ag for antibiotic misuse irks animal health officials BY BARB GLEN LETHBRIDGE BUREAU
Jean Szkotnicki speaks with tongue only partially in cheek when she wonders how the medical community would react if those in agriculture made recommendations on health care. However, recommendations on agricultural use of antibiotics were among many made by the Ontario Medical Association in a March report on antimicrobial resistance and its threat to human health. Szkotnicki, president of the Canadian Animal Health Institute, said the bulk of the OMA report appropriately dealt with human issues. As for the rest, “I wish they had collaborated relative to comments on the agricultural side.” Bacteria resistant to antibiotics pose a threat to human health if there
are no drugs effective against them. Agricultural use of antibiotics is thought by some to contribute to development of resistant bacteria. Szkotnicki said agricultural use of antimicrobials is a factor in the issue of increased resistance, although use in human treatment is the biggest cause. “That’s not to say that agriculture doesn’t have some contribution and I think there’s a lot of evidence to show that agriculture has taken it very seriously.” She pointed to quality assurance programs that include appropriate antimicrobial use, prudent use guidelines issued by the veterinary medical association and research efforts aimed at the livestock industries. The OMA report targeted use of antimicrobials in livestock feed to prevent illness and promote growth
as a practice that should be stopped. However, Szkotnicki said growth promotion claims on some product labels might be the result of outdated information on drugs, particularly ionophores, which have been in livestock use for decades. “That claim would be different in today’s environment,” she said. “Our industry is working with Health Canada in developing a process to remove the growth promotion claims from products where there are concerns about use of a product in agriculture and its contribution to resistance.” Agriculture Canada ruminant microbiologist Tim McAllister has studied the question of growth promotion from antibiotics. His research has investigated two drugs in only a small number of cattle, but it showed no growth promoting effects. The OMA also recommended that
antibiotics be provided only with a veterinary prescription. Szkotnicki said this is already the practice in Quebec and may be something for others to consider. However, she said that would not necessarily result in more prudent use. “I would have to say farmers appear to be using these drugs prudently and in a proper way when you look at the whole issue of … managing residues.” Dr. Ian Goodbrand, a veterinarian who operates Border Veterinary Services in Provost, Alta., said prescriptions keep antimicrobial use at a prudent level in the industry. The veterinary act dictates that prescription drugs be sold only in a veterinary-client-patient relationship. Goodbrand works primarily with cattle and said there is little use of antimicrobials in cattle feed.
DO PEOPLE CARE ABOUT DRUG USE IN CATTLE? Canadians have different views on the importance to human health of antimicrobial drugs used in people vs. drugs used in cattle. Importance drug sales1 drug use2 level for human use in cattle Very high
1. Data from the most recent (2008) Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) report on antimicrobial resistance. 2. Data from research collected through the BCRC led by Agriculture Canada and PHAC. Source: beefresearch.ca | WP GRAPHIC
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
CANOLA | PRODUCTION
Volunteer canola expected to hit fields hard Seeds lost to strong winds | Pre-emergence burnoff key to getting ahead of the problem for producers BY SEAN PRATT SASKATOON NEWSROOM
Farmers throughout much of the Prairies are preparing to do battle with a yellow menace this year. Canola volunteers are expected to be out in full force once spring finally arrives due to extreme wind that tossed around swaths and caused extensive pod shattering during last year’s harvest. Many communities in east-central Alberta and west-central Saskatchewan were hit by wind gusts of up to 100 km-h last September. Other regions of the Prairies experienced sustained winds of 50 to 80 km-h that resulted in canola seed landing in the field instead of the combine hopper. The worst damage occurred in Saskatchewan, where half of the province’s canola crop was sitting in swaths when the winds swept up. “Shattering losses were significant all the way from Meadow Lake to north of Yorkton and even down towards Regina,” said Grant McLean, cropping specialist with Saskatchewan Agriculture. Dale Leftwich, director of the Saskatchewan Canola Development Commission, said canola is typically seeded at four to five pounds of seed per acre. One bushel of canola contains 50 lb. of seed. “If you lost two bushels of canola, you have seeded enough for 20 years of canola,” he said. “It’s going to be a huge problem and it’s going to have to take some careful consideration in terms of how to deal with it.” Troy Prosofsky, a DeKalb agronomist for northwestern Saskatchewan, said many farmers lost five bu. an acre or more to the strong winds. “In those instances, they would have up to 250 lb. of canola on an acre. Will all of those germinate? No they won’t. But there will be a large number of them,” he said. That means growers need to be extra-vigilant with their pre-emergence burnoff activity this spring. Elaine Bellamy, who farms near Rosebud, Alta., plans to do just that. Her canola fields produced half of the
Volunteer canola is likely to challenge producers in Saskatchewan who were hit by hard winds after swathing last year. | FILE PHOTO usual 50 to 70 bu. per acre last year due to a combination of sclerotinia and wind damage. “We have a strong pre-burn program that we do and I don’t anticipate (volunteers) being a problem,” she said. Bellamy plans to use a pre-burn with a residual herbicide on her cereal fields, to treat all cereal seed with a high quality fungicide and to plant at high seeding rates. Clark Brenzil, provincial weed specialist with Saskatchewan Agriculture, has a few tips for growers: do their pre-seed herbicide work as soon as possible, use tank-mix herbicide combinations with modes of action to which the canola is susceptible and increase water rates on their
sprayers to ensure complete coverage. He said the good thing about all the volunteer canola is that there will be inner-species competition. “They’re not going to be as vigorous on the whole as the individuals that would be from lower populations,” he said. The bad news is that the volunteers will be so plentiful in some areas that they will provide a thick curtain that the crop will have to fight through in the spring. “The challenge it provides for management is to be able to hit each and every one of those small seedlings that are there,” said Brenzil. Research from the University of Saskatchewan shows producers can
achieve a significant yield bump by spraying well before seeding rather than just before seeding. Following this advice with wheat provided a four bu. per acre yield increase, which worked out to a 10 percent hike. “Your priority on days when you can spray should be spraying rather than seeding,” said Brenzil. That is especially true in a year like this one when canola volunteers are expected to be so plentiful. “When you have that high density, it’s more important to control them earlier in their life stage than letting them sit there and suck up resources,” he said. Tank mixes will be important this spring because nobody knows exact-
ly what they’re dealing with. A neighbour’s Roundup Ready canola may be sitting in what was a field of LibertyLink canola. Fields planted to cereal crops could be sprayed with a mixture of glyphosate and a Group 4 phenoxy herbicide such as 2,4-D or MCPA. Those seeded to pulses or canola should be treated with a combination of glyphosate and a Group 14 herbicide. Growers using carfentrazone products such as Aim, CleanStart, Authority Charge and BlackHawk need to use high rates to control volunteer canola because they have to assume the glyphosate will have no effect on the canola plants. Carfentrazone doesn’t provide residual control. Saflufenacil, which is the ingredient in BASF’s Heat, is another Group 14 herbicide that may give growers another week of control at high rates because it does have a residual property. It can be used ahead of peas, lentils, wheat, chickpea, oats, barley and corn. Producers should also move to the higher end of the recommended application water rates this spring. “In order to make contact with each and every one of those plants, they have to maybe keep their water volumes way higher than what they have been,” said Brenzil. That is especially true when using Group 14 herbicides, which are contact products that only kill what they’re directly sprayed on. Prosofsky said there is a good chance growers will face a late flush of canola volunteers despite their spring control efforts. “Multiple applications may be required to really control the volunteer canola plants,” he said. Leftwich said farmers are going to be spending more than they usually do on herbicides this year. However, they could be paying an even bigger price if they can’t get out in their fields to spray because of wind, rain or temperature. “If you end up being late in your spraying and the volunteers are choking our your crop, you can lose a huge amount of money in a very short period of time,” he said.
FOOD | POLICY
Local food advocate wants national strategy to emphasize security, sustainability BY BARRY WILSON OTTAWA BUREAU
TORONTO — The way Ontario farmer Don Mills sees it, any attempt to create a national food strategy must begin with an emphasis on food security and industry environmental sustainability. The way Conference Board of Canada vice-president Michael Bloom describes it, industry prosperity is the first item in the board’s effort to create a strategy, from which flow other benefits of a strong sector. The dueling food strategy visions were on display last week at the conference board’s Canadian Food Summit in Toronto, which featured a
DON MILLS LOCAL FOOD PLUS PRESIDENT
variety of industry and government speakers followed by a session on household food security at the end. Mills, president of Local Food Plus and a former National Farmers Union board member who farms near London, Ont., saw symbolism in the agenda. “It is concerning that a lot of the
discussion has been on prosperity and exports and then once we’ve figured that out, we’ll discuss bringing in food security and the environment,” he said. He expressed similar sentiments while addressing an earlier meeting of Food Secure Canada, which is discussing its own food strategy proposal: “ This food summit is an industry-driven process, but let’s not mistake that for one that serves us all.” The FSC proposal imagines a “food democracy” system that emphasizes national food sovereignty, local food, food security for low income households, sustainability and a voice for non-industry communities that are
dependent on and affected by the food system. “People must have a say in how their food is produced and where it comes from and they must have an active role in realizing the principles of food sovereignty,” says the FSC plan, which comes with few details about how it would work and how farmers would be affected. Imagining a national food strategy has become a cottage industry in Canada in recent years. The Canadian Federation of Agriculture has committed significant time and resources to develop its version of a national strategy. It is a work in progress. The Canadian Agri-Food Policy
Institute has had its own researchbased process with emphasis on food linked to health-care policy. As well, the conference board launched its process two years ago, which has included research papers, consultations and two national conferences. It will culminate with the unveiling of a final document next March. All major parties supported a national food strategy during the last federal election campaign, although there has been no political movement. Agriculture minister Gerry Ritz says he is waiting to see the results of the various initiatives underway, but they remain too vague to form the basis of policy.
APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
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SEEDING | WEATHER
Late start won’t change seeding intentions BY SEAN PRATT SASKATOON NEWSROOM
Night temperatures plunged well below freezing in large parts of the U.S. hard red winter wheat region, damaging crops last week. Freezing rain accompanied the cold in south-central Kansas, coating wheat in ice. | KANSAS WHEAT COMMISSION PHOTO
WINTER WHEAT | FROST DAMAGE
U.S. winter wheat growers assess recent frost damage Temperatures below -7 C | Damage won’t be known until the weather warms up BY SEAN PRATT SASKATOON NEWSROOM
A struggling U.S. winter wheat crop suffered what could be a serious blow last week when temperatures dropped below freezing for long stretches twice in 48 hours in large portions of the southern plains. “There’s a pretty widespread area where plants look really bad right now because of that freeze event,” said Justin Gilpin, chief executive officer of the Kansas Wheat Commission. The damage is most severe in places like western Kansas where the crop was already stressed due to a prolonged winter drought. Gilpin said crops were frozen in Kansas, eastern Colorado, Oklahoma and the Texas panhandle by temperatures that dropped below -7 C in some areas. “Certainly we lost some wheat and lost bushels,” he said.
Although it is early to be attaching a number to the combined drought and freeze damage, Gilpin wouldn’t be surprised if the U.S. hard red winter wheat crop ends up 25 percent smaller than last year’s 27.3 million tonne harvest. “We’re certainly looking at production down year-on-year,” he said. The USDA said that as of April 14 the Kansas winter wheat crop was 33 percent poor to very poor, 37 percent fair and 30 percent good to excellent. The week before the poor to very poor percentage was 31, fair was 38 and good to excellent was 31. The Oklahoma poor to very poor rating rose to 37 percent from 33 percent the week before. Wheat has a legendary ability to recover from setbacks but the recent freeze event appears to have “used up the ninth life,” said Gilpin.
The crop had recently emerged from dormancy when the freeze event started on April 9. Most of the crop hadn’t reached the jointing stage of development yet but a lot of the wheat fields in western Kansas, which is home to about half of the state’s wheat, were already reeling from drought stress. “We’re anticipating a higher percent of abandonment in those areas. Crop adjusters are going to be busy heading out to those areas this week trying to get a handle on it.” He spoke to a grower from southwestern Kansas who predicts he will be harvesting about one-quarter of the wheat that he planted. Gilpin said those kinds of stories are going to be commonplace. Kansas wheat gained about 50 cents a bushel last week primarily due to the freeze. But the market doesn’t appear to be overly excited by the freeze damage, possibly
because the extent of it is still unknown. “The market is really focused on corn and soybeans right now,” said Gilpin. “With the U.S. having a somewhat comfortable carryout position in wheat already, maybe the market is thinking (it) can absorb the lower production in the U.S.” The USDA delivers its first winter wheat production forecast on May 10. That number should take the freeze damage into account. In the meantime, growers will be monitoring their crops. The full extent of the damage won’t be known until the weather heats up and the plants start growing again. “(Then) we’ll find exactly how many of those plants really are dead,” said Gilpin. “It’s kind of depressing. I’d rather be doing a story about how good the conditions look. Maybe next year.”
The late spring could take a toll on yields, but it is unlikely to dramatically disrupt crop plans, says a grain industry analyst. “I don’t see it making a big difference crop mix wise,” said John Duvenaud, an analyst with Wild Oats Grain Market Advisory. “Really, how much can you do? Most farmers have a rotation that they’re going to follow anyways. And what crop is good for late seeding? Nothing really.” Grant McLean, cropping management specialist with Saskatchewan Agriculture, thinks there could be some switching out of longer season crops like corn and soybeans. “With the changes in the way markets are going, individuals have been quite excited about some of these newer crops,” he said. “They may be starting to rethink some of those acres.” Corn and soybeans need soil temperatures of at least 10 C to germinate, while most cereals, pulses and canola will germinate at 3-5 C. As a result, McLean could see farmers moving away from some of the high heat unit crops into wheat, which is often the go-to crop when seeding is delayed because of its resiliency. However, growers may want to reconsider the recent trend toward growing wheat for bushels rather than quality because some of the general purpose varieties require a longer growing season, said McLean. Dale Leftwich, a grower from Esterhazy, Sask., believes last minute seeding changes could be happening across the Prairies. He is at least two weeks behind where he normally is at this time of the year. He still had 60 centimetres of snow in his backyard as of late last week. “If this continues for much longer, people are going to start thinking about seeding something other than what they originally intended,” he said. Leftwich is contemplating switching some of his acres into shorter season crops like barley and oats. Duvenaud has done that in the past and it didn’t make much of a difference. “As far as I know, there’s no crop that’s a panacea here that you can seed it late and you know you’re going to get a good crop worth money,” he said. Duvenaud agreed with McLean that corn may lose ground to a crop like wheat, but he doesn’t anticipate any reduction in soybean acres. There are differing opinions on how big of a seeding delay farmers are facing. CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
FUTURES | FEEDGRAINS
Feedgrain futures weak, cash prices strong: analyst
Really, how much can you do? Most farmers have a rotation that they’re going to follow anyways. And what crop is good for late seeding? Nothing, really.
USDA report causes ripples | Cash market trading on old crop stocks BY ED WHITE WINNIPEG BUREAU
JOHN DUVENAUD WILD OATS GRAIN MARKET ADVISORY
Feedgrain futures charts look ugly, but cash prices are strong. That’s the reality facing farmers with feedgrains in store. Cash market barley prices on the Prairies are strong, despite a nearly $1 per bushel slump in corn prices. “We just don’t see much selling,” said Greg Hagel of feedgrain broker Quality Grain in Calgary. “I guess farmers are somewhat bullish, and I think they’re somewhat right.” U.S. corn and wheat futures have taken a terrible beating in the past three weeks, falling sharply after a U.S. Department of Agriculture stocks report found more corn in store than any mainstream analyst expected, suggesting that demand was slumping. A USDA supply and demand report last week didn’t challenge that implication. However, cash market prices in the United States and Western Canada remain strong, with basis levels strengthening as the futures market weakens. That has created an unusual situation in which the futures markets are being traded according to official USDA numbers but the cash market is being traded according to farmer and commercial user assumptions about the true nature of old crop stocks. “Even when it dropped 80 cents in two weeks, we haven’t seen a penny change in the price of cash corn in the U.S.,” said Derek Squair, manager of Agri Trend Marketing. “Feed barley isn’t any different. Feed barley hasn’t changed a bit. It’s getting tighter.” Hagel thinks farmers who still have barley in store will be able to sell it all the way into summer at good prices. That’s now about $6 per bushel picked up in the Calgary area, which is close to peak prices
» CONTINUED FROM PREVIOUS PAGE Some grain industry analysts say growers are already two to three weeks behind schedule, but McLean thinks it’s more like a week behind normal. He remains optimistic about crop prospects. “We still do the majority of our seeding in the month of May,” he said. Duvenaud believes the cool weather is already taking its toll on yield prospects. “The runoff hasn’t even started yet. It’s going to be a late seeding, no two ways about it,” he said. “If you are a conscientious yield projector, you would already be ratcheting them down.” But when asked how much he was reducing yields in his supply and demand estimates, Duvenaud offered a more moderate take on the situation. “I’m not adjusting any S & Ds down. Not yet. It’s still April. Who knows what’s going to happen.” McLean has spoken to one large farm operator who said he will be cutting back on fertilizer this spring if he is late getting into the fields because he doesn’t want to waste money on what could be a low-yielding crop. While there is still plenty of uncertainty surrounding spring seeding, one thing is for sure: farmers are becoming mighty antsy. “People would like to be doing something. Farmers tend to be physical people. They want to be doing stuff and the weather isn’t allowing that to happen,” said McLean.
this winter of $6.10. “It’s a little harder to get now, but the guys are hanging tough and getting it,” said Hagel. “You make a lot of phone calls and you get a lot of ‘no’s’. They’re out of barley.” Hagel said farmers still have a lot of quality wheat in store, but won’t move it because they think prices are too low. Many analysts think the futures sell-off has been caused by outside investment money that is following USDA numbers and factors far beyond crop market commercial realities. When the funds “decide” to bail out of commodities positions or are set up to sell on certain USDA numbers, they fire “sell” orders without caring whether the underlying commercial reality justifies those prices. “The fund guys are trading those USDA numbers, and the fundamentalists just have to get out of the way,” said Squair.
Analyst Errol Anderson is also expecting to see firm crop prices heading to the end of seeding. However, that will probably change once the crop is in, he added. “The market wants to see tractors in the field. Once we see tractors in the field, look out,” said Anderson, who thinks the world economy is slouching toward a recession and demand is weakening more than people believe. As well, feed demand is weakening as cattle feeders lose money, and they might back away from the market once they’ve moved their fed cattle this spring. “Once the feedlot cattle start to leave the pen, it’s over,” said Anderson. “The barley bids are going to drop like a stone.” Neither Squair nor Hagel are as bearish for the summer as is Anderson, but Squair said the market could come under pressure in July if good crops appear to be developing across North America.
CHINA | ECONOMIC REPORT
Surprise slowdown in Asian giant rattles crop markets MARKET WATCH
hina’s food demand and the state of its economy have jostled grain markets up and down in recent days. The outbreak of avian flu in China is hurting feed markets, its recent purchases of wheat helped support the price of that grain and disappointing economic growth in the first quarter of the year is depressing all commodity prices.
Stocks and commodities — oil, metals, gold, grains — all fell April 15 after China released data on its first quarter. The world’s second-biggest economy grew 7.7 percent from the same quarter a year ago. Canada and other developed countries can only dream of such growth, but for China that is a disappointment. The trade had expected eight percent. Growth was 7.9 percent in the previous quarter. The slowdown had traders thinking that China might not buy as much oil, metal, grain and other raw materials as expected. Following the report, wheat lost the ground it had gained the previous week on a rally sparked partly by news that China had bought 360,000 tonnes of U.S. soft winter wheat for delivery in 2013-14.
That was later upgraded to 480,000 tonnes. Analysts said China was taking advantage of recent cheaper wheat prices to rebuild depleted stocks. That puzzled me because just a few days before, the U.S. Department of Agriculture had raised its estimate of China’s year end 2012-13 wheat stocks by three million tonnes, which was the lion’s share of the four million tonne increase in global year end wheat stocks. However, in February the USDA agricultural attaché in Beijing challenged official USDA China wheat crop data. The attaché said the 2012 harvest was only 108 million tonnes, well shy of the USDA estimate of 120.6 million tonnes, which matches China’s official estimate.
The attaché and private Chinese analysts say the country had a significant fusarium problem last year that hurt yields. The recent buying of soft wheat for feed supports the idea that the official estimates are overly optimistic. However, while China might need to rebuild grain stocks, its feed demand appears to be weakening. There is a new type of avian influenza in China called H7N9 that has killed 14 and sickened 63 as of April 15. This has rocked China’s poultry markets, limiting trade and driving down prices. An Agence France-Presse story estimated the poultry industry lost $1.6 billion in the week following the first case of the flu in humans. That will likely lead to reduced poultry production and a resulting reduction in feed demand.
It is particularly troubling that flocks carrying the virus do not appear to be sick, making it hard to find the source of transmission. Also, hog production has shifted into a contraction period because of high feed prices, falling hogs prices and tight production margins. This has led to predictions that China’s soybean buying will decline after an eight-year tend of rapidly increasing imports. The avian flu is still a modest worry, but the wheat imports might be the only price-positive news for grains to come out of China for the foreseeable future if the virus mutates or evolves into something more like the 2002-03 SARS outbreak. Follow D’Arce McMillan on Twitter @darcemcmillan.
APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
FLAX | GEOGRAPHICAL SHIFT
Flax acres moving West North American demand | More fields of blue may be seen in Alberta BY ED WHITE WINNIPEG BUREAU
Go west, old crops. Thatâ€™s the advice the markets have given to flax and could begin whispering to oats, says analyst Chuck Penner. Canadian flax acreage went from being 80 percent in Manitoba in 1976 to 80 percent in Saskatchewan by 2006. The trend is unlikely to stop at the Alberta-Saskatchewan border. â€œI submit that youâ€™ll see it move further west,â€? Penner told the recent
Canada Grains Council annual meeting. â€œYouâ€™ll see more in Alberta.â€? Penner said shifting markets will likely result in substantial flax acreage in Alberta and continued low area in Manitoba. The crop was once shipped almost entirely to Europe, making proximity to Thunder Bay the dominant influence on relative prairie prices. The further east, the better the price. That has shifted in recent years, and buyers are now more diverse, including substantial demand from North America.
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The discovery of a genetically modified variety in shipments to Europe, which closed that market, dramatically increased the relative price shift. As well, Chinaâ€™s rise as a significant buyer suddenly reversed the traditional spread of relative prices on the Prairies, often making it better to grow flax far west of Manitoba. Penner said thereâ€™s potential for oats to do the same thing. China now buys little Canadian oats, but thereâ€™s no reason it might not start buying some, he added. â€œI think maybe we can take oats and move it to China the way we developed peas and move flax,â€? he said. â€œIf they can use it as a food ingredient, as a food component, if they can use it for even a small share of what theyâ€™re doing, what would that do in terms of total demand for oats?â€? Penner said farmers switch acres according to price signals, but not in the short run. They need to see a trend develop before embracing it. Blips and aberrations in the market donâ€™t cause permanent shifts, but lasting price movements do. Corn and soybean acreage has increased in Manitoba and other warm parts of the Prairies, but he thinks the growth wonâ€™t continue unabated. At some point, those cropsâ€™ vulnerability to prairie weather will cause
A market analyst says flax production is moving west as Chinese demand overtakes demand from Europe. | FILE PHOTO farmers to reappraise them. â€œEventually itâ€™ll stop â€Ś once we have a couple of frost wrecks a couple of years in a row.â€? Penner said big crops will continue to stay big in acreage. Wheat will remain dominant if GM varieties are introduced that are substantially better. Canola acreage will also remain strong, but probably less will be mar-
keted to the United States. American farmers are already growing substantial acreages in non-traditional places such as Oklahoma, and that trend might develop further, meeting more U.S. demand. Special crop prices will become even more volatile as they compete with the big crops for acreage. â€œTheyâ€™ll face increasing pressure to buy acres.â€?
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Trade mission extols virtues of prairie feed to Asian markets Barley, canola meal | Canadian experts educate buyers on use and benefits BY ED WHITE WINNIPEG BUREAU
Can barley be fed to cattle all the way through the feeding process? Itâ€™s a question almost no Canadian cattle feeders would ask because they do it all the time. However, Asian livestock feeders asked the question repeatedly during a trip that Alberta Agriculture and the Alberta Barley Commission recently made to Japan and South Korea. â€œThey use barley as a finishing ration because they like nice, white fat,â€? said Rex Newkirk of the Canadian International Grains Institute, who along with Tim McAllister of Agriculture Canada went on the trip as technical feed experts. â€œBut theyâ€™re not sure they can use it earlier in the process.â€? So they donâ€™t. This was just one of many questions or misperceptions of Canadian feedgrains that the Alberta mission found on its March 5-16 trip. Trip participants, who included feedgrain marketers, met with Asian feedgrain importers, processors and livestock feeders. The mission also discovered that many Japanese and Korean livestock
REX NEWKIRK CANADIAN INTERNATIONAL GRAINS INSTITUTE
feeders believe barley has to be steamrolled like corn. Newkirk said the mission was able to explain that barley is better fed cracked rather than steamrolled and is actually better nutrition that way. It also makes it cheaper than corn to process. Many feeders also avoid canola meal because they think itâ€™s the same as rapeseed meal. Some buy cheap rapeseed meal from China and India. They donâ€™t realize that canola meal is non-bitter and easily digestible, not at all like rapeseed, which is harder to digest and bitter. â€œWe had a number of people that mentioned the bitter taste,â€? said Newkirk. â€œThey see it as second rate.â€? Newkirk said Japan and South Korea have high value livestock industries that require imported feedgrains. However, they mostly import U.S.
corn and soybeans, and displacing that is where the potential lies. Newkirk said the United States and Australia are more aggressive in those markets, and Canadians need to promote their crops if they want a bigger share. The markets are relatively close for farmers in Alberta. However, the Americans and Australians wonâ€™t voluntarily relinquish their market share, he added. â€œThey market in there like crazy.â€? Newkirk said most marketers didnâ€™t have a clear sense of the market potential during the years of the CWB monopoly because the board conducted the relationship. The goal of this mission, organized by one of Albertaâ€™s overseas trade offices, was to determine the potential market demand for prairie crops and how to access it. The next step is to develop interest from potential buyers and create a bigger market for feedgrain growers and marketers on the western Prairies. The combination of Alberta organizations and technical experts from CIGI and Agriculture Canada seemed to work well, and Newkirk hopes it shows the kind of role CIGI can play in the new open market. â€œIt was a really nice partnership.â€?
MARKETS CANFAX REPORT FED CATTLE FALL The domestic fed market has underperformed expectations, despite tighter North American fed supplies and strong Canadian fed cattle exports to the United States. The cool spring across much of North America is delaying barbecue season and hurting beef demand. Fed prices are range bound with steers averaging $112.70 per hundredweight, down 19 cents, and heifers averaging $112.17, down $1.17. Most of the dressed trade was at $188-$190 per cwt. delivered. There has been carryover the last few weeks and growing carcass weights are becoming an issue. Packers are taking about three weeks to lift cattle. Sale volumes totalled 10,452, up 26 percent from the previous week. The cash-to-futures basis strengthened $1.46 to close the week at -$14.62. Weekly fed exports to March 30 totalled 13,125 head, up 24 percent from the previous week. Weights are up but they should gradually fall with more calves entering the slaughter mix. Canadian packers have capitalized on the weak fed basis, and their processing margins are better than their American counterparts.
SLAUGHTER COWS RISE D1, D2 slaughter cows rose $1.23 to average $78.83 per cwt., following the seasonal trend higher. D3 cows were steady to average $69.90. Butcher bull prices fell 77 cents to average $88.92 per cwt. Weekly western Canadian non-fed slaughter to April 6 was 5,406 head, 55 percent larger than the previous short week. Exports to March 30 were steady with the previous week at 7,009 head.
FEEDER PRICES FALL Backgrounders are tired of waiting for a spring feeder rally. Auction volumes rose 19 percent and prices fell $1 per cwt. on lackluster demand. Steers 300-500 pounds fell 75 cents-$2.50 while stocker heifers eased moderately. Steers 500-800 lb. were steady while heifers were about $1 lower. Feeders heavier than 800 lb. were about $1.75 lower. Auction volume was 32,503 head, up 28 percent from last year. Weekly feeder exports to March 30 were 7,450, down five percent from the previous week. Feedlot losses have got to the point where some cattle on feed could be turned over at auction rather than fed to slaughter. New U.S. country-of origin labelling rules could limit feeder demand and exports to the U.S. Auction volumes are expected to tighten in the short term, and there should be enough local interest to stabilize prices.
BEEF FALLS Choice cutouts to April 11 fell $1.57 US to $190.15, while Select fell $4.26 to $183.99. The Choice-Select spread is now $6.16 compared to â€“ six cents a year ago. Weekly Canadian cutouts to April 5 were mixed with AAA down $2 Cdn at $170.03 while the AA rose 75 cents to $171.89.
MARCH PLACEMENTS IMPROVE The Alberta and Saskatchewan cattle-on-feed report found 911,164
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
WP LIVESTOCK REPORT head in feedlots, down six percent from last year at the same time. Placements in March were 176,524, up eight percent over last year at the same time, which helped narrow the gap with last year. Most of the increase in placements was for feeders heavier than 800 lb., and heifer placements were up almost 15 percent. Marketings in March were 129,233, down four percent from last year. Other disappearance was 26,710, up 28 percent over last year. This cattle market information is selected from the weekly report from Canfax, a division of the Canadian Cattlemenâ€™s Association. More market information, analysis and statistics are available by becoming a Canfax subscriber by calling 403275-5110 or at www.canfax.ca.
HOGS RISE Seasonally tight supply forced U.S. packers to raise cash hog bids last week. Weather in the United States prevented hog delivery to slaughter plants. Packers were expected to slow slaughter this week to deal with the tighter supply. Iowa-southern Minnesota hogs delivered to packing plants traded at about $61.50 US per hundredweight, up from $59.50 April 5. The estimated pork cut-out value was $81.19 April 12, up from $77.11 the previous week. Estimated U.S. slaughter to April 13 was 2.082 million, down slightly from 2.093 million the previous week.
BISON STEADY The Canadian Bison Association
said Grade A bulls in the desirable weight range sold at prices up to $3.70 Cdn per pound hot hanging weight. Grade A heifers sold up to $3.60. Animals older than 30 months and those outside the desirable weight range may be discounted. Slaughter bulls and cows were $1.70-$1.80 per lb. In the live market, quality 2012 bulls sold for about $2.22 per lb. and 2011s sold at $1.60. Heifers from 2012 sold for up to $2.25 while 2011s sold at $1.63.
SHEEP STEADY Beaver Hill Auction in Tofield, Alta., reported 494 sheep and 124 goats sold Apr. 8. Wool lambs lighter than 70 lb. were $147-$169 per cwt., 70-85 lb. were
$135-$159, 86-105 lb. were $107$126 and 106 lb. and heavier were $97-$108. Wool rams were $40-$58 per cwt. Cull ewes were $45-$60 and bred ewes were $155-$235 per head. Hair lambs lighter than 70 lb. were $142-$156 per cwt., 70-85 lb. were $130-$155, 86-105 lb. were $100$115 and 106 lb. and heavier were $92-$103. Hair rams were $40-$55 per cwt. Cull ewes were $43-$60. Good kid goats lighter than 50 lb. were $190-$235. Those heavier than 50 lb. were $195-$230 per cwt. Nannies were $76-$100.50 per cwt. Billies were $100-$152.50. Ontario Stockyards Inc. reported 1,921 sheep and lambs and 36 goats traded Apr. 8. All classes of sheep, lambs and goats sold steady.
APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
Editor: Joanne Paulson Phone: 306-665-3537 | Fax: 306-934-2401 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
POLITICS | HOGS
Man. gov’t fails to recognize benefits of hog industry
t’s disappointing the Manitoba government isn’t doing more to help hog producers in the province. Last week, the NDP government led by premier Greg Selinger rejected a program designed to stabilize incomes for the province’s 700 hog producers. The province is going through financial hard times at present, and to cope the government has slashed spending, ordered a zero wage increase policy for civil servants and cut support for school taxes, among other austerity measures. So it could be just a case of bad timing. It can’t be seen to be offering loan guarantees for hog farmers while other sectors are forced to take cuts. However, people in the hog industry may find that tough to swallow. They are used to this sort of treatment by a Winnipeg-focused government that has in the past behaved as though it sees the hog industry as an annoyance rather than a economic stimulant and food provider. Last week, the Manitoba Pork Council received the bad news that the government would not support its plan for a stabilization program. It would provide farmers with up to $75 million in loans from a government backed line of credit. It would be short-term money, which farmers would repay through a $5 per head checkoff when their operations become profitable again. The program was to be self-funded by farmers and did not involve subsidies. Similar stabilization programs are not normally viewed as trade distorting, and it was unlikely to cause conflicts with Canada’s trading partners. The province’s risk exposure was limited to outright hog farm bankruptcies. By rejecting the pork council’s proposal, the government has sent a message to the industry and potential investors that it has little faith in the hog industry’s future. This is not the first time the provincial NDP has failed the pork sector. In the period leading up to the 2011 provincial election, the NDP openly vilified the hog industry as a polluter and issued a ban on hog barn expansions. It
did so even though the industry is a minor contributor to the Lake Winnipeg phosphorus problem, responsible for 1.5 percent of phosphorus entering the lake, according to the Lake Winnipeg Stewardship Board. It was action born out of political opportunism rather than solutions. The NDP could be seen by its largely urban supporters to be doing something about the problem while putting the burden on voters who were unlikely to support the NDP anyway. There is too little political support for the sector outside of those areas where hog farming actually occurs, or at least not enough to make it a concern for the government. That may yet prove to be a miscalculation. The hog industry has been hit by a barrage of problems lately: • U.S. country-of-origin labelling, which has cost the sector billions in lost exports. • Ractopamine bans in China and Russia, which will further damage exports. • An industry-wide shift to renovate barns to open stall housing. • High feed prices. Without assistance beyond what’s available in existing programs such as Growing Forward 2, many in the hog industry are beginning to toll the death knell for province’s small, independent producers. Without them, the hog sector will have to depend more on the corporate farms and Hutterite colonies, which are large enough to withstand the downturn. There are now also fears that large packers in Brandon and Neepawa will be forced to issue layoffs if hog supplies dwindle too far. It would have been a modest show of support for the province to extend loan guarantees to an industry worth $750 million annually and 13,000 jobs in the province, according to Manitoba Pork. It’s a shame the opportunity was missed.
WEATHER | SPRING?
Bruce Dyck, Terry Fries, Barb Glen, D’Arce McMillan and Joanne Paulson collaborate in the writing of Western Producer editorials.
POLITICS | NDP STRATEGY
NDP planning strategy to entice rural, prairie and farm voters back NATIONAL VIEW
f there is a hole in the New Democratic Party electoral strategy to move from second place to first in 2015, it has to be rural, agricultural and Western Canada. This vast region once was the core of NDP strength, particularly on the Prairies, the party’s birthplace. Now, NDP rural strength is scattered among a few British Columbia,
Ontario and Atlantic ridings but mainly concentrated in first-time Quebec NDP wins in 2011 that are far from a given for repeat in 2015. Numbers aside, it is an embarrassment for the party that Saskatchewan, the cradle of the CCF-NDP movement almost 80 years ago and that still holds the record for consecutive CCF-NDP years in power at 18, has not elected an NDP federal MP since 2000. The party has launched a campaign across the Prairies to try to find out how they lost their political mojo and how they might get it back. NDP national president Rebecca Blaikie, a long-time activist and daughter of long-time MP and then Manitoba cabinet minister Bill Blaikie, said last week the disconnect between voters and the federal party
even as they vote NDP provincially is mystifying. So MPs including Churchill’s Niki Ashton and Winnipeg’s Pat Martin and Edmonton’s Linda Duncan have joined Blaikie in hosting meetings across the Prairies to figure out what has gone off the rails and what can be done about it. The plan is to have a report, or perhaps a resolution, at the pre-election 2015 convention in Edmonton to make rural, prairie and agricultural voters a target. As they did in Quebec in their successful-beyond-their-wildestdreams campaign in 2011, New Democrats dream of importing the Quebec campaign model to the Prairies next time — a coals to Newcastle scenario if there ever was one. Still, if that is part of the party plan
to move from opposition to government, a part of the strategy could well have been approving or at least debating some rural or agricultural resolutions at their biennial convention in Montreal last weekend. It would have been a signal. Instead there was a perfunctory group hug for supply management and then … nothing. But policy time was limited on a convention floor dominated by feelgood speeches and assertions of how Canada needs more New Democrats. So there really was one forum in which there could have been an important message to rural and agricultural Canada that they have a place in party plans — the keynote speech by leader Thomas Mulcair April 13. As he unloaded on a long list of
Canadians forgotten by the Conservatives there was a Newfoundlander who could not find a job, an Ontario teacher, a Quebec mother worried about her kids, a Calgary business woman unhappy because she cannot get a Crown corporation board appointment, a Halifax veteran, a Vancouver transgendered who faces discrimination. Nowhere in Mulcair’s list was a suggestion that rural or agricultural Canadians have been left off of the Conservative winners’ list. For those trying to resurrect the party in rural and prairie Canada, a mention by the leader that they are part of the downtrodden under the Conservatives would have been helpful. Unless, of course, the leadership considers that swath of Canadian voters a lost cause.
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
& OPEN FORUM FOOD SAFETY | CONSUMER POWER
EDUCATION | AG INDUSTRY
Welcome to new normal in food safety
Farmers urged to improve ag information
BY SYLVAIN CHARLEBOIS
ood traceability, which is a powerful tool to mitigate risks across food supply chains, does not guarantee food safety and integrity. Even so, the challenge of tracking food products and ingredients upstream and downstream touches on the core of what is required to manage risks posed by the new normal in the business of food and agriculture. The new normal presents a number of fascinating issues to contend with, among them designing comprehensive strategies in the field to effectively cope with climate change and the question of economic trends, subsidies and currency wars, as well as ever changing federal regulations on food packaging, labelling and safety and trade negotiations. None of these factors can ever be controlled by farmers or corporations, insofar as they create tremendous volatility in the marketplace, rendering predictability a rare commodity in decision-making. The politics of food is also at the forefront of agribusiness and food safety. Food, agriculture and policy have never been mutually exclusive entities, and companies are now compelled to appreciate how one variable can significantly affect another, while worrying about the next quarter. More consumers are now eating with a conscience, and as such are looking for fair trade product, and organic and locally sourced foods and ingredients. The ethical treatment of animals has also caught the
Accountability has become key in the food industry. | attention of executives in the field. To complicate things further, the global food security agenda is also putting pressure on modern food systems. The objective of keeping input costs down and profit margins up is no longer enough to deal with these problems. In food production, we have entered the era of sound partnerships, efficient networks and global outreach. The new normal in food and agriculture will demand more collaboration between stakeholders. Competing businesses will need to share data and costs as well as build strategies set on converging interests. In the end, effective food traceability methods will rely heavily on increased teamwork among former rivals.
Our food safety agenda is affected by all of these shifts. The same can be said of food systems themselves, which are also being fundamentally challenged. Over the last few years, Canada has had more than 2,700 food safety investigations and more than 250 food recalls per year. Indeed, over the past four years, the number of food recalls has increased by more than 200 percent without taking into consideration the number of unreported incidents. These statistics clearly indicate how different our approach to risk management must be now. Moving forward, we need to carefully decide how to monitor risk. But what we gain in food surveillance, we
may lose in food distribution efficiencies. In other words, more food safety regulations and food traceability may lead to a rise in the price of food. Until about 2009, we lived in the era of crises in food safety, including BSE, salmonella, botulism, listeria and E. coli. We focused more on managing fears than managing risks. Politics continually trumped economics. From 2009 to 2012, we witnessed a developing synergy between industry and government, health and agriculture that remains ongoing. Today, we live at the dawn of the era of accountability in food systems. Given governments’ limited capacity to create new food safety programs, the industry is compelled to become more accountable to the government. But we also need to find ways to make government more accountable to the public. Most importantly, however, we need to make the industry more accountable to itself, which is why food traceability is imperative for the future of global food safety systems. While the system has solved many aspects of traceability, significant challenges remain to provide cost effective protocols for market assurance and product improvement. Based on economics alone, the time to improve our systems will be set by consumers, and nobody else. Sylvain Charlebois is associate dean of the College of Management and Economics at the Universit y of Guelph. This column was distributed by Troy Media at www.troy.ca. It has been edited for length.
EXPANSION | MEGA FARMS
Let’s avoid a revolution in farm structure HURSH ON AG
hat’s a big grain farm these days? Is it 10,000 acres? 20,000? 40,000? Those are all small potatoes compared to what’s happening in some other regions of the world. O n Apr il 11, Agr imoney.com reported a deal whereby Kernel Holding of Ukraine increased its land base to well over 4,000 sq. kilometres. That’s slightly more than a million acres. The acquisition involves an 80 percent interest in a farm operation managing more than 250,000 acres of leased land holdings in northeastern Ukraine. Modern equipment and 100,000 tonnes of storage capacity
were part of the $186 million deal. Listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange, Kernel Holding isn’t the only big player in Ukraine. UkrLandFarming has a reported 1.3 million acres and is building three elevators with capacity of 300,000 tonnes each on top of the more than one million tonnes of storage it already owns. Will we ever see these sorts of integrated mega farms in Western Canada? Farms here have certainly grown dramatically. Most of the output now comes from operations with gross annual sales of more than $1 million, and an increasing number of operations generate gross sales of more than $2 million. However, most of the large farms in Western Canada remain family based, and they’re still tiny compared to Kernel Holding and UkrLandFarming. A few large grain and cattle operations were established in the early days of western Canadian agriculture, but they crashed and burned over time. Some significant corporate operations have emerged once
again in recent years, but that isn’t the norm. Based on history, one might conclude that moderate-sized, independent, family-based farms will continue to be the way of the future in this part of the world. However, it would be a mistake to take that for granted. Just look at what has happened to hog production in less than a generation. Hog operations went big starting in the 1980s and accelerating in the 1990s, and many moved to a different ownership structure. Incredibly, the efficiencies of size haven’t been enough to overcome the prolonged periods of unprofitability. Tens of thousands of farms in Western Canada had hogs in the 1970s. Today, most of the production comes from a few large players that are integrated with the major packing plants. Some independents, including Hutterite colonies, remain in the business, but they number in the hundreds. Governments who were once committed to the continued expansion of the prairie hog industry are no longer showing much interest
in the survival of independent hog producers. You could argue that the cattle feeding industry is going in the same direction, with major packing plants owning a great deal of the feedlot capacity. However, the cow-calf business remains predominately in the hands of smaller, family based operations. Vertical integration can be good when it is farmers investing in processing and retail. However, it’s bad when integration means big business owning or controlling primary production. While I don’t have an appetite for government dictating how farms can be owned or how large they can grow, I hope our grain and cow-calf industries don’t see the revolution in farm size and structure that has occurred in countries such as Ukraine. Nor do we want a repeat of the revolution that has occurred within our own hog sector. Kevin Hursh is an agricultural journalist, consultant and farmer. He can be reached by e-mail at email@example.com.
JOANNE PAULSON, EDITOR
ebbie Lee has been part of Aggie Days in Calgary long enough that she is seeing the children of children from the early days come through the doors. Aggie Days is 28 years old, so the notion of educating people about agriculture is not exactly new. The thousands of children who visit Aggie Days to milk Bluebell the “cow,” twist lengths of rope and ooh and aah over the adorable piglets are mostly urban, and that’s a good thing. Western Producer livestock reporter Barbara Duckworth introduced me to Lee on my trip to southern Alberta last week. Lee said it’s important for children to see that farmers are working hard so that “livestock and crops are raised properly, and we all have a lot of food.” There’s a lot of concern these days about how agriculture is being portrayed in the mainstream media and on the internet: largely negatively and assisted by groups that sneakily take videos in hog barns, for example. Farmers are rightly concerned because consumers are driving big changes in how their food is grown and raised. In some cases, change will be good, but in general, the public obviously has to understand agriculture better. The media is full of misconceptions that the industry is now forced to tackle. It seems to me that there is a recently escalating push to provide better information. Farm Credit Canada has launched its Agriculture More Than Ever campaign. In addition to Aggie Days, there are the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair in Toronto, the Royal Manitoba Winter Fair and events at Prairieland Park in Saskatoon intended to pull back the curtain on agricultural practices. There is also Agriculture in the Classroom across the Prairies. Saskatchewan agriculture minister Lyle Stewart was promoting the need for agricultural understanding just last week. Meanwhile, pro-ag activists like Marilyn Payn-Knoper from the United States are speaking out pretty loudly, and convincingly, about the need to get out there and talk positively about the industry using social media. Farmers, individually like PaynKnoper and collectively at shows like Aggie Days, which are mainly volunteer run, are starting to get into the conversation. It’s important that we continue this push and make it clear to the public and to some governments that this is an honourable industry that they, very simply, cannot do without.
APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
OPEN FORUM LETTERS POLICY: Letters should be less than 300 words. Name, address and phone number must be included for verification purposes and only letters accepted for publication will be confirmed with the author. Open letters should be avoided; priority will be given to letters written exclusively for the Producer. Editors reserve the right to reject or edit any letter for clarity, brevity, legality and good taste. Cuts will be indicated by ellipsis (…) Publication of a letter does not imply endorsement by the Producer.
and (Mike) Duffy and others are living large, flying all over the country on our dime with no accountability. What happened to the Triple E Senate? So can Justin show us the way or are we just trained and engrained and we will never change? Just curious. Terry Drul, Oakburn, Man.
REIKI HEALING To the Editor: Re: Clare Rowson’s column, Reiki said to focus on energy (WP March 7) My roots were formed on a Sask-
atchewan farm. My father gave me great gifts: horses and the wisdom to question the status quo. I was enjoying my forestry career and equine pursuits. My body was healthy but started to give me messages. In my 20s, my feet started to cause me pain. A doctor told me to accept that as my body aged, it would develop structural problems and that I could take pain medication. I was not impressed. I discovered alternative solutions. Later, I was overwhelmed by a lack of energy (thyroid). I could hardly stay awake through a day of office work. A series of reflexology treatments resolved the problem. Next, I was introduced to reiki and
who suffered a life-threatening stroke: her medical prognosis was not good. She credits reiki offered by the nurses as a part of her remarkable healing journey. She is a walking, talking coach on the go. Wishing you well with your journey to great health — however you choose to achieve it.
became a reiki master — paid for it with a horse trade. I have experienced, witnessed and heard so many stories of value to human and animal recipients since that time. I am now a health and wellness coach specializing in chronic illness. The medical profession has its place in the healing process, but each individual must accept responsibility for his or her own course of healing. To heal, or to prevent a decline in our health, we must strive to achieve balance. Receiving reiki treatments or attunements can be a significant step in the healing process. More and more hospitals around the world are finding ways to offer reiki to their patients. I know a coach
Gayle Boyce, Marwayne, Alta.
FARMERS FOR JUSTICE To the Editor: Where is it going to end?
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Pierre Elliott Trudeau gave us the finger; can Justin (Trudeau) give us a hand? Just curious. (Prime minister Stephen) Harper tells us he knows what’s good for us, runs roughshod over democracy, running Canada from the PMO (Prime Minister’s Office). Who needs MPs anyway? How much are those planes or ships really going to cost? Harper takes our support, our votes, for granted so can Justin convince us to change? Senators (Pamela) Wallin
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In his article, Time for farm groups, leaders to discuss food policies, take action on hunger, (WP Feb. 28), Barry Wilson notes there was “precious little farm sector reaction” to the recent report of Olivier De Schutter, United Nations special rapporteur on the right to food. De Schutter found Canadian food and poverty policy seriously lacking. Sadly, Mr. Wilson has done a tremendous disservice to the farm sector and to the entire issue of hunger in Canada by ignoring the ongoing efforts of the farm sector, as well as the agri-food sector and several key actors along the food chain. As he knows, over three years ago the Canadian Federation of Agriculture consulted across the farm and food sector and developed a National Food Strategy. The NFS is a long-term vision for food, including food access for all Canadians. Through the NFS, Canada’s farm and food sector has clearly acknowledged the problem of hunger and access to food in Canada. If Mr. Wilson and other Canadian journalists helped inform the public of this initiative rather than misinforming, perhaps our governments would become more engaged. The agriculture and food sector does not dispute the De Schutter report. We believe it is time to move forward with a clear set of objectives to address the identified problems. Let’s do this collectively and in a productive way.
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OPINION Here at New Rosedale colony farms, we got penalized $7,000 for burning coal. A neighbouring colony got dinged $14,000 and one near Starbuck, Man., $38,000. It is the perfect definition of a money grab for our government. Or is it just coincidence that this (new) coal tax falls in place shortly after Manitoba Hydro purchases a natural gas pipeline? Or a total ban coming in Manitoba on coal by next year? Now after 15 to 20 years of hard work and investing, the local farmers and Hutterite colonies have established systems. We burn coal to save money. We have millions invested throughout Manitoba, and our government is shutting us down. Each and every time the Manitoba agriculture industry makes headway, our own so-called government creates obstacles extremely difficult
or impossible for us to succeed, first with strict manure regulations that cost us millions and foreclosed some. Then, (they instituted) a ban of new hog barns in Manitoba, and now again, they are taking our heat source. I attended the sixth annual Biomass Burning workshop in Otterburn, Man., on March 8. Approximately 150 people showed up. The message we took home was the only alternative we have is natural gas. There is no consistent supply of anything, of that abundance. They are calling purchasing coal from Saskatchewan as if the natural gas was coming from the local Canadian Tire. If this new coal tax wasn’t created to form a monopoly on Manitoba’s heat source, then this letter’s in Spanish. Manitoba Hydro conveniently came up with the figure of, if
we come up with $180,000, they’ll hook us up. Math done already. It’s all about money, it’s unfair and we want justice. In Manitoba, we need a government that serves as a backbone for our agriculture industry, not a system that burns bridges as fast as we can build them. We cannot possibly survive as farmers in this province with our government our worst enemy. We have to stand up for our rights. This has to stop. Dale Baer, Portage, Man.
PESTICIDE LEGALITIES To the Editor: In another few weeks, many agricultural producers will be taking to
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
the fields using toxic chemicals to grow grains for human consumption. I question the legality of this practice. Let me explain. If your cows come onto my property or my pigs go onto your property, we have a problem. We have to repair or put up better fences to keep damages from occurring and to keep the peace between neighbours. However, if your toxic farm chemicals drift over onto my property via air, groundwater or surface, it’s all legal and OK? Since no agri-producer can guarantee that his or her chemicals will stay on their property, and they do not, can this practice be legal? Does anyone have the right to expose others around them with noxious products? When it comes to the foods produced, we can make choices to eat non-contaminated foods, but it seems that our choices don’t apply to
air and water. Farmers have been brainwashed for years by the large agricultural multinationals to produce more to feed the growing population of the world. Well, it is not our responsibility to feed the world at our detriment. We should trade our surpluses and help in other ways. We are producing more quantity when the focus should be on nutritional quality. A solution is to insist on third party testing of all chemicals. Secondly, we must insist on full disclosure of all ingredients of these products, never mind the need for patent infringement protection. The consumers should have more rights than large corporations or are we not simply poisoning ourselves slowly all the way to the bank? Paul-Emile L’Heureux, White Fox, Sask.
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Becoming part of community SPIRITUAL VIGNETTES
’ve only lived here for 20 years,” t h e m i d d l e - a g e d w o ma n replied when I asked how many in our discussion group had roots in the community. She still felt she was an outsider in her husband’s family. Now that we have immigrants from a variety of overseas countries living and working locally, I think back on that woman’s statement. If it was hard for her to feel a sense of belonging, how much harder is it for those who have features that are identifiably different? Add language barriers and the social and cultural hurdles. These folks may be managers of the Shell station or the motel or they may be offering a professional service. Small communities pride themselves in seeing each other as part of an extended family, but too often the newcomers are accepted only for the service they offer and not for the persons they are. As a result, locals don’t think about the isolation and loneliness or confusion and uncertainty because they aren’t aware of what the community has to offer. I appreciate the way my teacher friend focuses on understanding and integrating new children in her class. I appreciate the church member who reaches out to befriend, invite and involve “those from away.” But so much more could be done. We need to put names and faces and stories to those new to our family and social circles. Hopefully, others will follow and welcome them, appreciate them, include them in the ongoing life of the community. An international potluck dinner or invitation to a picnic could do a lot to break walls of separation. Thus the cultural and spiritual fabric of our lives could be given new depth.
Joyce Sasse writes for the Canadian Rural Church Network at www.canadian ruralchurch.net.
APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
LIBERAL CONVENTION | NEW LEADER
Trudeau said to connect with rural Canadians Vows to stop party infighting | Justin Trudeau is seen as having a feel for rural Canada despite no policy promises BY BARRY WILSON OTTAWA BUREAU
Montreal MP Justin Trudeau won an overwhelming victory April 14 to become the 13th permanent Liberal leader in Canadian history. The 41-year-old charismatic son of f o r m e r p r i m e m i n i s t e r P i e r re Trudeau immediately declared that the Liberal party civil wars were over. The internal party strife had helped propel the party from government in 2005 to third party status and its worst electoral showing in 2011. For three decades, losers in party leadership races reacted to defeat by organizing sedition within the party against the leader. The result was a party drained by division and resources diverted to internal fights. “Canadians turned against us because we turned away from them,”
Trudeau told an Ottawa Liberal crowd after his overwhelming leadership win of almost 80 percent of the votes. “Liberals brought their focus to fight each other rather than to fight for Canadians.” Trudeau, a second-term MP with a thin file of policy proposals but a large following, said the era of Liberal infighting has ended. There are no more Trudeau-Liberals (referring to his father), TurnerLiberals or Chrétien Liberals, he declared. “The era of hyphenated Liberals ends right here, right now,” he told a boisterous applauding crowd in an Ottawa hotel ballroom. Trudeau, the fifth leader of the party in the past decade, inherits a Liberal machine that has grown rusty and badly in need of a refit. He has 29 months until the next
election to turn it around. Trudeau made no significant policy pronouncements affecting agriculture or rural Canada. However, he attracted the support of rural-connected Liberals, including deputy leader Ralph Goodale from Regina, trade critic Wayne Easter from Prince Edward Island and agriculture critic Frank Valeriote from Guelph, Ont. In his victory speech, Trudeau made reference to Sir Wilfrid Laurier, famous for his “sunny ways” and a hero to his father. The country needs less cynicism and more sunny ways,
said the new leader. Goodale picked up on the theme. “He has a special ability to rally people around a happier vision of what this country has the potential to achieve,” said Goodale. “Perhaps the most telling criticism of the Harper regime is that they’re so unambitious, their goals for Canada are so mediocre.” Trudeau has already had an influence on party rural politics. After the 2011 election, when Easter was targeted by the Conservatives and saw his margin of victory shrink, he mused that it might be his last
election. Conservative leader Stephen Harper was in power for four more years, and Easter was tired of the fight. He removed himself from the House of Commons agriculture committee. On the weekend, Easter changed tack. “Trudeau has not articulated a rural policy, but he had connected with rural Canadians,” said Easter in the midst of the pro-Trudeau crowd at the leadership announcement. “He has a feel for rural Canada. You can count on me running in the next election.”
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A STRONG HISTORY OF PROVEN PERFORMANCE!
Justin Trudeau greets supporters after winning the Liberal Party of Canada leadership vote in Ottawa April 14. | REUTERS/CHRISTINNE MUSCHI PHOTO
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Richardson International has received approval to expand its grain export terminal on the West Coast. The Winnipeg grain company announced April 15 that Port Metro Vancouver had issued a permit allowing the expansion to proceed. The project will add 80,000 tonnes of new storage capacity at Richardson’s grain export terminal in North Vancouver. Construction is expected to begin immediately. “We are very pleased to move forward with this project, as we see it as key to meeting growing demand from global markets,” said Darwin Sobkow, Richardson’s executive vice-president of agribusiness operations. “This expansion will allow us to serve both our farm customers and international buyers more effectively by increasing capacity to move Cana-
dian grains and oilseeds to rapidly emerging markets in Asia-Pacific and around the world.” The expansion, valued at $120 million, will consist of 28 concrete grain silos, each about 50 metres high, overlooking the Burrard Inlet in North Vancouver. Company spokesperson Tracey Shelton said the project will increase throughput capacity at the terminal to five million tonnes annually, up from three million tonnes. The company has been operating at maximum capacity at its terminal in Vancouver since 2008, she said. Richardson president Curt Vossen called the project a significant investment that will benefit prairie farmers and allow the company to move Canadian grain and oilseeds to market more efficiently. The expansion is expected to create hundreds of full-time jobs during the two-year construction period and an additional 40 to 50 permanent full-time positions once the
expansion is complete. “This is a significant investment in our business and the biggest investment in the Port of Vancouver in more than 20 years,” said Vossen. “Through this project, we are creating jobs, supporting Port Metro Vancouver’s vision to grow the port and ultimately helping to increase Canadian trade by remaining competitive and ensuring continued access to global markets for prairie farmers.” Not everyone sees the project as a reason to celebrate. North Vancouver residents living in close proximity to the terminal say the project will have a negative impact on property values. In a series of public meetings held over the past few months, opponents of the project said the expansion would block waterfront views and decrease residential property values by $20 million for 100 residents. Construction is expected to be complete in 2015.
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
GRAIN | TRANSPORTATION
Thunder Bay port hopes shipping volumes surge Traffic patterns | While shipments were up at Port of Thunder Bay last year, volumes are hard to predict, says CEO BY BRIAN CROSS SASKATOON NEWSROOM
The 2013-14 shipping season is underway at the Port of Thunder Bay. Tim Heney, chief executive officer of the Thunder Bay Port Authority, said the first laker arrived at the port March 26, a day after the opening of the Soo Locks at Sault Ste Marie, Ont. Fifteen ships had been loaded with grain as of April 11 and another five were in port. Heney called it an average start to the shipping season. “We were quite encouraged (by grain shipments) … at the end of the year but so far, the start (to 2013 shipping) has been a little bit slow, actually,” he said. “We were hoping for a bigger surge, but we’ll see what happens.” Grain shipments through Thunder
Bay totalled 6.5 million tonnes last year, roughly 10 percent higher than the 10-year average of 5.9 million tonnes. Wheat volumes were up 10 percent. Annual grain volumes were the second highest level of the past decade. Much of the increase in 2012 grain traffic occurred late in the year, after the CWB marketing monopoly was eliminated. Heney said the port was hoping the surge in grain business would carry over to the new shipping season. Traffic patterns in the new market-
ing environment are hard to predict, he added. Grain companies with export facilities at Thunder Bay are adjusting to new logistical issues, and lake freight is now dealing with multiple companies rather than just CWB. A higher-than-normal snow pack across much of the Prairies has also affected grain shipments, as has unseasonable cold weather in March and April. “We saw quite a dramatic change at the end of last year in terms of more wheat shipments through the port and more ocean vessels, so we did
see some good signs, but that was only one quarter,” Heney said. “But we’re into a whole new world now without the wheat board, and really, our success is based on the success of the (companies) that we have here, the Richardson, Viterra, P&H and Cargill.” Heney said the elimination of CWB delivery calls will likely result in less predictable delivery patterns, where market prices influence farm sales and deliveries. Thunder Bay has more storage capacity than any other grain export facility in North America, he added.
That capacity could prove beneficial in managing the flow of grain in and out of the port. “Because we have that big capacity, if we’re a bit behind, we can make that up in a very short time,” Heney said. “You can load a lot of grain at one time here if you have the ships ready to do it.” Heney said the addition of new lakers over the next few years will improve shipping efficiency on the Great Lakes. At least 14 new ships will be added to seaway fleets.
SASKATCHEWAN | FUNDING
$388M allocated for ag programs BY KAREN BRIERE REGINA BUREAU
The Saskatchewan and federal governments will allocate $388 million of Growing Forward 2 money to six primary areas over the next five years. The non-business risk management programming announced last week was developed in consultation with producers, said provincial agriculture minister Lyle Stewart. “These are the areas they felt were most important to the industry,” he said. “That gave us a pretty solid grounding when we were dealing with the feds on this piece.” Spending will be $71.2 million annually, up $25 million per year from the first Growing Forward agreement. The lion’s share of the money will go to innovation, research and technology transfer. A total of $170 million is allocated to programs such as the Agriculture Development Fund, Agricultural Demonstration of Practices and Technologies, the AgriARM research sites and 15 strategic research chairs, including a new forage research chair. The Farm and Ranch Infrastructure Water Program, irrigation infill and other water development will receive $65 million. Environment, food safety and plant and animal health programs will receive $60 million. These include environmental farm plans, environmental group plans, livestock biosecurity, traceability, on-farm food safety and pest control. Value-added business development and market and trade development will receive $32 million over the five-year term. A new Lean Improvements in Manufacturing program for agrifood processors will also be funded from the program. The details of many of the programs are available at www.agriculture.gov. sk.ca.
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APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
ALFALFA | GM OPPOSITION
Groups riled over GM alfalfa plan Contamination feared | Forage Genetics International assured industry that RR alfalfa will be sold only in Eastern Canada, where a coexistence plan will be in place BY BARB GLEN LETHBRIDGE BUREAU
About 20 farmers and supporters rallied outside federal agriculture minister Gerry Ritzâ€™s office in North Battleford, Sask., to protest against the possible introduction of genetically modified alfalfa in Canada. | WILLIAM DEKAY PHOTO
An April 9 â€œday of protestâ€? against the potential release of Roundup Ready alfalfa achieved the goals of organizers but also generated response from government and farm groups. The protest involved gatherings outside more than 30 Conservative MP offices, which demanded that government stop the registration of genetically modified
alfalfa that is now working its way through the process. â€œWe now see more discussion about GM alfalfa, and farmers created a platform for a voice of concern over that issue,â€? said Lucy Sharratt, co-ordinator of the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network, which helped organize protest events with the National Farmers Union. â€œWeâ€™re interested to see the difference between vague reassurances and actual action on this issue. Weâ€™re very concerned that the minister
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needs to stop the registration of GM alfalfa rather than asking farmers to rely on Forage Genetics to make a decision.â€? Forage Genetics International has the rights to commercialize the RR alfalfa and has confirmed intentions to use it in Eastern Canada if registration is obtained. Most of the protests took place in Ontario, but the lone event in Saskatchewan took place outside the North Battleford office of federal agriculture minister Gerry Ritz. â€œPeople around the world donâ€™t want GM products and theyâ€™re not going to buy it,â€? said NFU member Glenn Tait in North Battleford. â€œIf we have it in our own exports, we canâ€™t get rid of it, we canâ€™t isolate it from anything else. If we havenâ€™t got exports, thatâ€™s going to shut down those market opportunities for us.â€? Ritz said later that he recognized the right of people to protest, but decisions on GM registration must be based on sound science. â€œOf course itâ€™s farmers that will make the decision whether to grow the product or not,â€? said Ritz. Federal NDP agriculture critic Malcolm Allen and Liberal agriculture critic Frank Valeriotte issued statements calling for a moratorium on approval of RR alfalfa. Valeriotte called for more public research into Canadaâ€™s ability to segregate GM varieties from other varieties. Grain Growers of Canada issued a release stating its disagreement with the protest and support for a sciencebased approach to approving new crops or traits. Manitoba Beef Producers issued a statement along the same lines. President Trevor Atchison said RR alfalfa is part of the larger picture that involves advancements in forage research that can benefit the cattle industry and ensure it remains competitive. â€œNon-science issues, like foreign market access or public acceptance, should be left to the industry and market to address. This is not the realm for regulatory restrictions,â€? Atchison said in a statement. CropLife Canada said groups involved in the protest tend to overlook the benefits of GM crops. â€œItâ€™s been shown that plant biotechnology helps farmers, itâ€™s good for the environment and it delivers tangible benefits to consumers such as lower food prices,â€? said Nadine Sisk, executive director of communications for CropLife. She said the industry has a history of stewardship and plans are underway to address concerns about RR alfalfaâ€™s coexistence with non-GM varieties. The Canadian Seed Trade Association is developing best management practices for that coexistence, and chief executive officer Patty Townsend said an expert panel is now working on the final details. Mike Peterson of Forage Genetics International confirmed that the company has applied for registration, and if that proceeds, RR alfalfa will be sold only in Eastern Canada, where a coexistence plan will be in place. He said there are no plans to sell the variety in the West.
NEWS SASKATCHEWAN WEATHER | 2013 RECORD BREAKING
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
TRADE ISSUES | COOL, BEEF IMPORTS
Sask. 2013 spring long, cold, wet
Canada, Mexico agree, disagree BY BARRY WILSON OTTAWA BUREAU
Snowbanks stick around | Normally all the snow is gone the first week of April BY BRIAN CROSS SASKATOON NEWSROOM
It’s official. The spring of 2013 will go down as one of the coldest and latest in recent memory, according to climate experts at the Saskatchewan Research Council. SRC climatologist Virginia Wittrock said there have been later springs and colder ones, but not many that today’s farmers would recall. “Yes, this has been a long cold winter.… However, it’s not as bad as (some winters) have been in the past,” Wittrock said. “There have been worse springs than this. There have been longer winters than this. It just hasn’t happened for the past 30 years or so.” According to SRC data, this year’s late melt is largely the result of three factors: above average winter precipitation, below normal temperatures in March and April and the lack of a mid-winter melt that normally occurs in January or February. The SRC operates two state-of-the art weather stations in Saskatchewan: one in Saskatoon and another south of Prince Albert. The Saskatoon station has accumulated 50 years worth of climate data. Wittrock said precipitation in Saskatoon this winter was slightly above average. In the six-month period ending March 31, rain and snow accumulations amounted to the equivalent of 91 millimetres of moisture. That was marginally lower than the 91.6 mm measured in the winter of 2011-12 and well below the blustery winter of 1974. That year, the Saskatoon station received 192 mm of precipitation and the permanent snow pack did not disappear until April 30. Normally — at least during the past decade — the snow pack at Saskatoon is gone by the first week in April, if not earlier. According to Wittrock, this year’s lingering snow pack is reminiscent of conditions that were relatively common in the late 1960s and early 1970s. This year’s spring is also cold, although not the coldest, she said. Minimum temperatures during the winter of 2012-13 did not get as low as many other years, but daytime highs were consistently below freezing. A more telling factor was the consistently cold temperatures in March. This year, the average daily maximum temperature in March was -5.4 C and the average daily minimum was -15.1 C. By comparison, the average daily maximum last March was 5.2 C and the average daily minimum was -4.5 C, a difference of almost 10 degrees from this year to last. Wittrock said the snow covering most of Saskatchewan could disappear quickly if daytime temperatures approach seasonal normals or if temperatures rise above zero and rain clouds move in. Grant McLean, a cropping management specialist with Saskatchewan Agriculture, said it is too early for farmers to hit the panic button. Many prairie farmers are still buried in snow and some are growing anxious to get on the land or at least pull their machinery out of the snow.
MARCH AVERAGE DAILY HIGH
-5.4 C 5.2 C
However, McLean said the province’s first acres aren’t usually seeded until the last week in April. Normal temperatures in the last half of April and no major interruptions in May could allow growers to still get the majority of their acres in and finish their spring seeding
operations on schedule. “Certainly its frustrating now for the individuals who are trying to get around and get things organized in anticipation of the spring season,” McLean said. “We’re probably going to see some delays, but I think it’s more dependent now on the weather that we get in the next two to three weeks.” Wittrock said farmers in many parts of Western Canada headed into winter with low soil moisture. A late crop sown into moisture is always better than an early one sown into dust, she added.
Federal agriculture minister Gerry Ritz found common cause with Mexican politicians in fighting American livestock protectionism, but less agreement on reversing Mexican protectionism against Canadian beef imports. Mexico is a partner with Canada in fighting country-of-origin labelling rules in the United States that effectively restrict livestock imports. Canada is threatening up to $1 billion annually in retaliation against U.S. imports if Washington does not change the rule by the May 23 deadline set by the World Trade Organization after a WTO panel decided the COOL rules are illegal protectionism.
After meetings in Mexico City last week, Ritz told an April 11 telephone news conference that Mexico is on side with its own plan for retaliation. However, Ritz said he received no assurances of change when he raised the decade-long dispute over restrictions on Canadian beef imports. Mexico bans import of Canadian beef from animals older than 30 months, harking back to the BSE crisis of 2003. Ritz said the restriction is not justified by internationally accepted standards of animal safety and risk. He suggested a trade-off is possible “The Mexicans are looking for access to our beef sector into Canada,” he said. “I think there’s certainly things that we can do here jointly that would address both of those issues.”
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APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
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THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
TAKING CARE OF BUSINESS There aren’t many independent department stores left, but King’s keeps churning. | Page 21
FARM LIVING EDITOR: KAREN MORRISON | Ph: 306-665-3585 F: 306-934-2401 | E-MAIL: KAREN.MORRISON@PRODUCER.COM
HEALTH | DIET AND EXERCISE COMMUNICATION | SOCIAL MEDIA
Tackling the obesity question A family issue | Obesity is a complex problem with no easy answers — education starts at home BY BARRY WILSON OTTAWA BUREAU
TORONTO — Obesity is a major Canadian health scourge linked to one in 10 deaths, experts said last week. The problem has tripled over the past 20 years and affects as many as one in four Canadians. “This is a huge, huge health problem,” Ottawa obesity specialist Dr. Robert Dent told a Conference Board of Canada food strategy conference April 9. However, he warned against drawing simple conclusions about the cause of the epidemic, including over-eating or products produced by the food industry. “Obesity is not rocket science,” said the medical director of Ottawa Hospital’s weight management clinic. “It is a lot harder.” Dent’s analysis was that some people have a genetic disposition to weight gain, which is a major factor. Add to that a general decline in physical activity with the invention of such exercisereducing devises as garage door openers, the television remote and computers and Canadians are not burning as many calories as they once did. “So why aren’t we all fat?” asked Dent. His answer was genetic predisposition. “There is an incredible disconnect between what one eats and what one weighs,” said Dent. Skinny people often consume more calories than overweight people and yet do not gain weight. “Obesity is a symptom of many underlying causes,” he said. “It is not a simple disorder.” However, Dent said the food industry is not the problem. “We need not abuse the food industry but ask for help from it to produce and promote healthy products.” He said the three main strategies at his clinic are weight control drugs, surgery and encouraging lifestyle changes such as changing food intake and exercise patterns. “But short-term diets do not work,” he said. “Any treatment for weight has to be forever.” Toronto-area hospital dietician Sue Ekserci offered a different explanation for the obesity epidemic. She argued that the issue is often the message sent to children by parents and school.
Ekserci, who works at the women’s and children’s health program at Humber River regional hospital, said both nature and nurture are involved in the problem, but her emphasis is nurture. When she works with overweight children, “I’m really counseling the whole family.” She said strategies to encourage overweight children to eat healthier can be as simple as putting fruits
and vegetables on kid-accessible shelves in the fridge. Counselling also includes telling pregnant women that their child will have an elevated chance of being overweight if they gain excessive weight during pregnancy. She said a key piece of advice to parents and schools is that messaging about healthy food and exercise should be consistent and the emphasis should not be on what not to eat.
Both speakers also shared tales about the challenges. Ekserci said her children had a school exercise about food that required them to put an X through junk food. Then they had a snack that included potato chips. Dent told of an attempt to make the Ottawa hospital cafeteria offer healthier fare, only to have staff line up at a recently arrived chip wagon across the street.
Handle social media with care: expert BY ED WHITE WINNIPEG BUREAU
GLENLEA, Man. — Farm businesses have practical difficulties using leading social media tools, including having bad internet access. But they also run risks of social media becoming unsociable to them if they don’t use it right, local experts told farmers and agriculture people at a workshop. “You put up a Facebook page and ignore it or don’t respond to people, it’s useless, and it can be actually harmful to you,” said University of Manitoba researcher Christine Van Winkle. Social media, such as Facebook and Twitter, have become dominant forms of communication in the few years since being invented, and many businesses and industries believe they need to be active in social media to reach customers . Many farms have websites, thousands of farmers have Facebook accounts and many use Twitter, but experts from food processing and tourism warned farmers not to expect too much from social media. “It places huge demands, especially on those smaller organizations,” said Van Winkle, suggesting farm businesses and organizations that use websites and social media manage those accounts every day. Lorenda Madill of Manitoba Tourism said social media offer a great way to communicate with the public and customers but need to be thought out. “What are you doing to engage with the customer,” said Madill. “It’s a fine line. You don’t want to annoy them by constantly posting stuff that’s not of interest to them. It has to be thought about strategically.” Manitoba Agriculture business development specialist Jeff Fidyk, an expert in retail food packaging, said social media offer an important medium for business operators and the public to interact, but they can backfire. He recently explored a major food processor’s online presence and found it clogged with attacks on the company and denunciations of its products. “They’re just getting the tar kicked out of them,” said Fidyk. “They have probably tried to reply to this, but then they get beaten up even more.” The experts say embracing social media and doing well can reap rewards, but commitment is key. Interlake farmer Kim Streker noted her area still has poor internet access in many places, and farmers can’t use some of the tools they hear about. “There is a lack of infrastructure, especially in my region in the Interlake, so that we can use this stuff,” she said.
APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
ON THE FARM | DAIRY OPERATION
Large family works together, plays together Foster parents | Children help with chores on the Saskatchewan dairy farm BY KAREN MORRISON SASKATOON NEWSROOM
MARSDEN, Sask. — Every child deserves a home, agree Arianne and Otto Koedyk. That’s why the couple decided to adopt six children that they had cared for during their 22 years of foster parenting and build a ninebedroom house on their Saskatchewan dairy farm near the Alberta border. “It’s important for kids to have stability and permanence in life,” said Otto, who like his wife, grew up in a big family in Holland. They continue as foster parents and juggle parenting responsibilities with milking 100 Holsteins and growing barley on their four quarter farm. “Mom is a very independent and strong woman. They’re good parents, loving, kind, nurturing,” said Cylen Koedyk, 13. She and her siblings, Shayla, 17, Shelby, 7, Levi, 6 and Kaydon, 5, lend a hand in the house and barn and tend to an assortment of bunnies, donkeys and chickens. Daniel, 19, works as a dry waller in Lloydminster. Otto oversees the dair y while Arianne takes care of the calves. “It’s never boring,” sad Otto of his big family. Added Arianne: “There’s always something to do.” The Koedyks mainly stay close to home, making day trips to nearby lakes, but have travelled to Holland in past years. “It’s a commitment, especially right now,” said Otto . They grow and mix their own feed to keep costs down and receive $2,000 in revenue from one gas lease. “It’s right in the middle of our best land,” Otto said. They have been fortunate to find labour in a job market that must compete with the oil patch that surrounds them. A busy industry brings more people to town, but rural businesses have shrunk as nearby Lloydminster becomes a major service hub. “That’s kind of sad. There’s a lot of older people who don’t have their (driver’s) licence,” said Arianne. The couple met in Canada after coming to southern Alberta from Holland separately to work on farms. They met in church, something that has remained central to their family life. When Arianne was stricken with pneumonia recently, she received help from her family but also received hot meals from church members. The children participate in church youth groups and Bible camps. The Koedyks operated a 160 dairy cow operation with another couple for 20 years but now manage the twice a day milkings at their parlour style dairy with help from two workers who have homes in the farmyard. They sell bull calves at two months old and keep the heifers for replacement cows. The Koedyks say dairy farms have shrunk to 86 from 1,000 in the prov-
Kaydon Koedyk helps clean barns on his family’s dairy farm near Marsden, Sask. Kaydon is one of six children adopted by Otto and Arianne Koedyk, who have been foster parents for 22 years. | KAREN MORRISON PHOTOS
LEFT: Otto grows barley and mixes his own feed to reduce feeding costs for his Holstein herd. ABOVE: Shayla Koedyk enjoys the farm’s many critters. ince, partly because of increased milk production from each cow. They once supplied a Lloydminster dairy but have shipped milk to Saskatoon since it closed. Otto would like to have more dairy farmers nearby, but keeps abreast of industry news through a newsletter and talking with other farmers. He said the quota system provides a comfortable living for families and doesn’t want to see supply managed systems changed in world trade talks. “Canada is the only place in the world where dairy farmers are doing well,” he said. “Our milk’s not that much more expensive than anywhere else.”
They raise chickens, drink the milk from their cows and manage a large garden for their own needs. Arianne likes farm life, and the distance from their nearest neighbours suits the large family. “We’re a pretty loud family,” she said. “Kids like it here too, the openness and freedom.” Cylen said Arianne heads for the
lawn mower when feeling overwhelmed. “I like being on my own,” Arianne said of her penchant for cutting grass. Cylen, who has been here for eight years, has learned much from farm life. “I enjoy being out here. I could not live in the city,” she said. “The only down part is there’s not enough kids
around here to hang out with.” She and her siblings are bussed to schools in Marsden and Neilburg. Arianne lamented on a reality of foster parenting —the return of children to biological parents. “I don’t always agree, but rules are rules,” she said. “It’s nice to see families back together if it works.”
6.7 million litres OF MILK WERE SOLD OFF CANADIAN FARMS IN JANUARY
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
COMMUNITY | RURAL BUSINESS
Store covers customers’ needs head to toe Service important | Store owner finds balance between business and family
If you’re going to be successful at this business, the time you put into it is important, but so is the time you have at home.
BY CHRISTALEE FROESE
CARLYLE, Sask. — By the time his department store opens at 9 a.m., Ken King has already spent half a day contacting suppliers, balancing the books and planning for the upcoming season. Once the store is open, King’s attention turns to customers as he asks, “are you being taken care of,” do you have what you need,” or “can I get someone to help you.” That’s how this 51-year-old entrepreneur has sustained an independently owned department store in small-town Saskatchewan. King’s Department Stores in Carlyle and Wawota sell work wear, baby clothes, jackets, jeans, socks and sheets and emphasizes customer service. “It’s a matter of establishing a relationship with our customers and establishing it quickly, so we let them know we’re here and we care,” said King. Attention to customer service often leaves King without a lunch break before embarking on afterschool commitments involving seven of his nine children who are under age 15. “The other day, I picked my daughter up at school and as we were driv-
Pajamas and party dresses, runners and rain gear can be found at King’s Department Store, owned by Ken King. | CHRISTALEE FROESE PHOTO ing, I said to her, ‘I think I only ate bananas today’, ” he said. King has learned to balance work and family by running on little sleep. He often works at the kitchen table until 11 p.m. and wakes up by 4:30 a.m. to head to the store. “I have a pretty high energy level as a rule so I’m pretty fortunate that way. I thank God for that,” said King.
“If you’re going to be successful at this business, the time you put into it is important, but so is the time you have at home,” he said. The first store, under the Robinson’s department store banner, was established in Wawota in the mid1970s by King’s parents, Bud and Bev King, and their partner, Keith Allison.
By the late 1970s, a second store was established in Redvers. In 1985, the Carlyle location was purchased, with the three stores operating under the Robinson’s brand. By this time, Ken and his brother, Lyndon King, had joined the partnership. The Kings decided to do their buying independently with all three stores dropping the Robinson’s label
and becoming King’s Department Stores. When Lyndon left the business in 2000, Ken took over ownership of the entire operation, selling the Redvers store and placing his focus on the Carlyle business. Two years ago, he joined two buildings together to create almost 557 sq. metres of retail space. Today, the King store is focused on clothing, footwear and polar fleece sheets. 122 Main Fashion Boutique, located on one side of the store, is dedicated to ladies clothing. King credits his location at the junction of two major highways and strong local oil, agricultural and tourism economies for his success. “We’re very blessed in this community to have two Christmases. Our July sales are as good as our December sales and that’s largely due to our location near (Kenosee and White Bear) resort communities.” Marla Muhr, a local cabin owner, said it’s a short drive into Carlyle to shop while at the lake. “It gives us a place to go and get our shopping fix and it caries a variety of items for everyone who happens to be at the lake with us,” she said.
ACCEPTANCE | BELONGING
Gifted child has trouble being accepted by others SPEAKING OF LIFE
JACKLIN ANDREWS, BA, MSW
When we were told that our nine-year-old son was a candidate for a gifted program for children
who have above average abilities, we were pretty excited. We thought that his natural abilities might help him when he went off to college and prepared himself for the workforce. Little did we realize how difficult life could be for him living in a small community. He gets called everything from geek to nerd to egghead. He has been bullied by kids and has no friends. This is heartbreaking. We feel utterly hopeless. What can we do to help our son?
All schools are supposed to have anti-bullying policies in place. The problem is that your son’s abilities make him seem different from most of his classmates. Like the ugly duckling story, your son is having a difficult time fitting in and developing a sense of belonging in the school. In the Hans Christian Andersen tale, the ugly duckling is shunned not because he is ugly but because he is different. The ugly duckling is heartbroken
and wants to fit in and belong to something. He reaches out to a number of different groups in the farmyard, at neighbouring farms and other places but he gets pushed aside. One day, after he has matured, the ugly duckling stumbles across a gaggle of swans. He does not realize it yet but he looks like the swans so they accept him. Your son needs to find a place where he belongs. Your job is to encourage him to keep trying even when he has been disappointed. As tempted as
you might be, don’t try to make things happen for him. He has to make his own way. Make sure that you are there with support when he comes home from another rejection. No one ever said that the world is a fair and just place. Once your son finds his gaggle of swans, his place in the world, he will be excited. He just has to keep trying. Jacklin Andrews is a family counsellor from Saskatchewan. Contact: jandrews@ producer.com.
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APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
LOCAL HARVESTING | FOOD ENTREPRENEURS
Growing and gathering food creates unique businesses TEAM RESOURCES
SARAH GALVIN, BSHEc
have spent the past year searching for interesting Canadian grown and produced food. Demand for these products has grown in recent years and that trend is likely to continue.
I’ve explored sea salt from Vancouver Island, garlic from Yorkton, Sask., garlic and foraged wild food from Love, Sask. Vancouver Island Salt Company (www.visaltco.com), located in the Cowichan Valley, produces the only Canadian fleur de sel. Founder, owner and former chef Andrew Shepherd is self taught and makes infused salts as well as the basic sea salt. He is currently working on a blue cheese infusion and a mandarin orange and lime salt. He was chosen as one of 20 food artisans for the Ace Artisan Incubator on the Food Channel.
His company relies on word of mouth to sell its products. Ninetyfive percent of the fuel used to evaporate the saltwater comes from recycled vegetable oil. In Yorkton, I met Anna and Darrel Schaab of The Garlic Garden (yorktongarlic.com) while they were harvesting scapes. Scapes are curly shoots that grow from the garlic stalk and must be removed so the heads develop fully. They have wonderful flavour and are also used in cooking. The Schaabs purchased a small farm but couldn’t make it work with traditional grain farming. A local garlic grower suggested they grow
Birch syrup adds a unique flavour to cedar planked steelhead trout. Fiddleheads are featured in the vegetable ragout side dish. | SARAH GALVIN PHOTOS
In Memory of
Phil Somerville 1959-2013 We are deeply saddened to announce the sudden passing of our colleague, mentor and friend, Philip Somerville.
garlic and taught them what they needed to know. In the fall of 2005, they planted their first crop. They sell about 200 pounds of garlic per day at the Saskatoon Farmers’ Market and also sell in Regina. In addition, they produce a variety of garlic products. They mainly grow a hard neck variety called Music. Prairie Infusions (www.prairieinfusions.com) in Love, Sask., is an unusual business. The company website says it specializes in the wild harvest of nontimber forest products in Saskatchewan. Owner and founder Elisabeth Poscher, a University of Arizona trained scientist, was still foraging in the winter for balsam poplar buds and chaga, a rare type of mushroom. Then she moves to tapping maple and birch trees. “I am fascinated, almost obsessed, by drylands such as the Prairies, and Saskatchewan for me was love at first sight. I’ve made my passion my business while at the same time making my tiny contribution to a more peaceful and healthy world,” said Poscher. She uses flora and fungi identification literature, herbaria, libraries, maps, microscope and spore prints as research tools in her quest, and she applies her expertise. Fiddleheads are the unfurled fronds of the ostrich fern and get their name because they resemble the head of a fiddle. They are foraged in cool, moist forest areas during late April and May. They have a delicate green flavour and are best served simply with butter or olive oil, a sprinkling of sea salt and a squeeze of lemon. Use with pastas, quiche or omelets. They are an excellent source of beta carotene, niacin and vitamin C and are low in fat and calories. According to Health Canada, fiddleheads must be cooked before eating. Steam or boil until crisp tender and serve hot or chill in ice water to use in salads. They can be frozen by blanching for two minutes, chilling and draining well before packing into freezer bags. Several varieties of wild mushrooms are foraged in late summer and early fall, but because they have a short shelf life, the mushrooms are dried. The flavour is intensified and
they need to be reconstituted in liquid before using.
VEGETABLE RAGOUT fiddleheads 1 small squash carrots, sliced into rounds shelled fresh peas unsalted butter shallots thyme sprigs or dried thyme 1 bay leaf dried wild mushrooms reserved mushroom broth garlic, minced sea salt freshly ground black pepper Use what you like best and estimate one cup (250 mL) per person. Leftovers can be refrigerated. Cut squash in half and scoop out seeds. Spray lightly with oil, season with sea salt and place cut side down on a baking sheet. Bake at 350 F (175 C) for 25 minutes or until fork tender. Set aside. Hydrate dried mushrooms in boiling water for at least 20 minutes. Reserve the water to use in this recipe. In a pot of salted water, boil the fiddleheads until crisp tender, approximately four minutes if fresh or two minutes if frozen. Drain and add to a bowl of ice water to stop the cooking. Drain on paper towels. Boil the carrots in the same way for three minutes and chill. In a large heavy skillet, combine butter, shallots, garlic, thyme, bay leaf, roughly chopped mushrooms, broth and salt and pepper to taste. CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE
Andrew Shepherd, owner of Vancouver Island Salt Company, infuses flavours into sea salt. | ANDREW SHEPHERD PHOTO
Phil spent his entire career in agribusiness, a closeknit society of ground-roots, community support and family. With his passing, the industry has lost a talented advocate, benevolent colleague and dear friend whose sincerity and warmth will be deeply missed. A devoted family man, Phil enjoyed nothing more than spending time with his wife Melissa and their three children Adam, Grant and Emma. Prior to his untimely passing, Phil was part of the MANA Canada team, where he was Quali-Pro Business Manager, Eastern Business Manager and New Product Development Manager. In honour of Phil’s memory, MANA Canada will be making a donation to the Canadian Agri-Business Educational Foundation, which provides scholarships to deserving students who wish to pursue post-secondary education in agriculture. A trust fund for the Somerville family has been established with the Royal Bank of Canada. All donation cheques can be made out to “The Philip Somerville Trust Fund” and mailed to the HR Department of MANA, 3120 Highwoods Boulevard, Suite 100, Raleigh, NC 27604. All proceeds will go directly to Phil’s wife and three children.
Anna Schaab of The Garlic Garden sells fresh garlic and other products at the Regina Farmers’ Market.
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
LILIES | TRUMPETS
Proper care will bring Easter lily back next year IN THE COUNTRY GARDEN
rairie gardeners are growing lilies never thought possible a generation ago. There are even a few trumpets in collections. The trumpet lily, Lilium longiforum, has become a favourite lily for the potted plant trade. Instead of discarding this year’s Easter lily, a trumpet lily, why not keep it growing
indoors and plant it outside in the garden? The Easter lily’s fragrance makes it a perfect pot plant. You can smell the plants as soon as you enter a shop that sells them and this perfume will be just as poignant in the outdoor garden. The large, trumpet-shaped, waxy flowers, pure white with darker anthers, are stunning. After the blooms fade, cut off the top of the stem just below the lowest flower branch. Keep the plant well watered by holding the pot over the sink and letting water run through the soil until it is thoroughly drenched. Let the pot completely drain before returning it to its display location.
Since you want to encourage the bulb to create new flower buds for next year, give it good growing conditions while still indoors. Use a balanced soluble fertilizer in the water and keep the plant in bright light. When all danger of frost has passed, plant the lily outside, but be sure to harden it off first because it may collapse and its leaves could suffer sun scorching. Place the pot outdoors in a sheltered spot, gradually increasing the time it is exposed to sun. Remove the plant from the pot and plant it about 10 centimetres deep, about five cm deeper than the bulb that was planted in the pot. The soil should be rich and have excellent drainage.
If the soil is heavy, put a handful of sand in the bottom of the planting hole. Plant the lily in part shade in an area sheltered from harsh winds during the winter. Keep it watered and fertilized during the summer, at least until the foliage yellows and dries off. Remember that the lily is out of its natural cycle and will go dormant earlier than normal. In the fall, just before freeze-up, mulch the lily with about 10 cm of straw or other mulching material. Watering and fertilizing can then resume as new growth emerges Albert Parsons has a diploma in horticulture from Guelph University. He operates a garden design/landscape consultation business from his home in Minnedosa, Man. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The white lily symbolizes joy, hope and life. | ALBERT PARSONS PHOTO
CONTINUED FROM PREVIOUS PAGE
Fiddleheads, mushrooms, garlic and sea buckthorn are novel local foods. | SARAH GALVIN PHOTO Simmer the mixture, uncovered, for five minutes to reduce if there is too much liquid. Add fiddleheads, carrots, peas and more broth or water if necessary. Simmer mixture, for one minute. Discard the bay leaf and season with salt and pepper. Serve in baked squash.
CEDAR PLANKED STEELHEAD TROUT WITH BIRCH SYRUP cedar plank fillet of salmon, steelhead trout or Arctic char, skin on olive oil birch syrup sea salt fennel poplar buds or juniper berries, optional Soak plank overnight. Preheat oven to 425 F (215 C). With a mortar and pestle, grind sea salt, fennel and poplar buds or juniper berries. Pat fillet dry with paper towels. Rub with olive oil and season with salt mixture, then drizzle with birch syrup. Refrigerate for 30 minutes. Meanwhile preheat plank in oven until smoking hot. Brush with olive oil. Lay marinated salmon, skin side down, on plank. Return to hot oven and bake about 10 minutes per inch or until almost cooked to medium in the thickest part. Do not overcook. It will continue to cook after removing from oven. Salmon cooked medium is moist, tender and full of flavour. This can also be done on the barbecue using the same procedure. Don’t worry if the plank smoulders because the smoke will add another dimension to the flavour. Sarah Galvin is a home economist, teacher and farmers’ market vendor at Swift Current, Sask., and a member of Team Resources. She writes a blog at allourfingersinthepie. blogspot.ca. Contact: email@example.com.
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APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
LOOKING FOR GREENER PASTURES
FAMILY TRUSTS | BENEFITS
Purpose of forming a trust A PRAIRIE PRACTICE
GAIL WARTMAN, B.A., J.D.
A family trust is not included in the estate, avoiding probate fees Cattle were on the lam on a grid road near Radisson, Sask., April 4. Snow, cooler temperatures and high winds returned to Saskatchewan and Alberta in early April, slowing the spring thaw. | KAREN MORRISON PHOTO
any people have heard of family trusts, but are unsure of their purpose. They are a
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legal entity that can achieve a variety of goals. The trust may own assets that are held for the beneficiaries of the trust, and the trust is managed by the trustee. Family trusts can be used for income tax purposes to facilitate income-splitting among family members of the revenue generated by an asset. They can be used to take advantage of the capital gains exemptions of multiple family members, which can be useful when selling a valuable asset. They can also be used to succession plan a family business. The trust, rather than the individual, is holding assets so they do not form part of the estate and probate fees can be avoided. Another advantage to trusts is privacy. If they do not form part of the estate, then the contents do not need to become public information when the will is granted probate. To take advantage of income splitting between family members, the family trust is often set up as the owner of an income-producing asset. This asset can be a family business, real estate, a large sum of invested money or other asset. Any income generated by that asset is then apportioned to the beneficiaries of the trust by the trustee. With planning, income from the asset can be apportioned to the family member with the lowest marginal tax rate, reducing the overall tax bill. There are also ways to take advantage of the capital gains exemptions of multiple family members, a useful mechanism in the disposition of assets whose value has dramatically increased since acquisition. Speak to an accountant or financial planner to determine if a family trust is an appropriate tool for you. The makeup of your assets, your future financial plans, and even the makeup of your family are factors that will help determine the appropriateness of this tool. You will also want to examine the possible usefulness of trusts in your will, as part of your broader estate plan. The costs of operating a family trust include an annual tax return because it counts as its own entity for income tax purposes, as well as the initial legal and accounting work to establish it. There are also rules governing the “deemed disposition” of the asset every 21 years, making the tax owing on its increase in value due at that time. Those income tax rules should be kept in mind at the time of setting up the trust. If you decide to proceed with setting up a family trust, have your accountant or financial adviser contact your lawyer with the appropriate suggestions and necessary instructions. Brayden Gulka-Tiechko, student at law in McDougall Gauley’s Moose Jaw office, helped research and draft this article. This article is presented for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. The views expressed are solely those of the author and should not be attributed to McDougall Gauley LLP. Contact: gwartman@ producer.com.
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
ENVIRONMENT | WOODLOTS
Tree cutting debate pits farmer against farmer Dispute flares in Ontario municipality | Extent of tree clearing on area farms is alarming some in the community BY JEFFREY CARTER FREELANCE WRITER
CHATHAM-KENT, Ont. — A move to halt clear cutting on wooded land in this community has pitted farmer against farmer and neighbour against neighbour. On one side are proponents of landowner rights and on the other are those who want trees in the municipality left standing. Caught in the middle is the 18 member municipal council. Councillors recently turned down by a one-vote margin a proposed bylaw that would have stopped clear cutting for six months until a permanent tree conservation bylaw could be put in place. Landowner rights advocates, including members of the Ontario Landowners Association, declared a victory, but their celebration may be premature. While woodlots continue to be bulldozed in this southwestern Ontario community, council intends to push ahead with a bylaw. “My hope is that they get all the partners at the table to get something together that’s doable for all parties,” councillor Joe Faas said. Trees covered most of ChathamKent before the arrival of Europeans, but today only 4.5 percent of the municipality is forested. About 1,500
Supporters of a temporary bylaw that would restrict clear-cutting of trees rally outside Chatham-Kent’s municipal council chambers. | JEFFREY CARTER PHOTO acres of trees have been removed over the past 18 months. “At that rate it would all be gone in 25 years,” said Don Pearson, general manager of the Lower Thames Valley Conservation Authority. “You’ll have nothing left on the landscape but crops. You can kiss goodbye to the honeybees, the birds and everything else. You’ll end up with just pesticides on the land.” The tree clearing can be linked to
crop prices and the increased value of farmland. According to councillor Brian King, agricultural land has been selling for as much as $20,000 per acre, which is close to double the price of two or three years ago. The municipality is among the most agriculturally based of any in Ontario. There’s little land that cannot be farmed once it is cleared, and most is classified as No. 1. Louie Roesch, past-president of the
Kent Federation of Agriculture, doesn’t plan to clear trees on his property, but he comes down hard on the side of landowner rights. He said many of the municipality’s remaining woodlots have limited value. “A lot of the woodlots with the Dutch elm disease and emerald ash borer are dead and they’re never going to recover,” he said. “It takes too long for them to come back.”
Bill O’Brien, president of an area chapter of the Ontario Landowners Association, cited crown patents, the British North America Act and other statutes that protect landowner rights. “They’re trying to take away the people’s rights, the farmer’s rights,” he said. “It’s not legal.” John Norton, the municipality’s legal council, said the landowner argument holds little weight. Chatham-Kent and neighbouring Essex County are the only two rural municipalities in southern Ontario without a tree cutting bylaw. They also have the least tree cover. A small number of farmers oppose the removal of woodlots. “We may not like everything in the bylaw. We’re just saying it’s high time to do something,” dairy farmer Rudy Zubler said. “At the bottom of it for me, it’s what do you expect from life as a human being. It’s not all about having money. For me, quality of life is about having some trees.” Theresa Johnson, a member of the Delaware First Nation, likened the situation to irresponsible parents. “People have children but if they’re not treating them right, they’re taken away. It’s the same thing with this. If people are not treating it properly, they take their property rights away,” she said.
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APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
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THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
AGFINANCE | FERTILIZER
Shareholder vote ends Agrium-Jana proxy fight Vote of confidence | Shareholders reject Jana’s board candidates BY SEAN PRATT SASKATOON NEWSROOM
Agrium Inc. has won a proxy battle that could have torn apart North America’s largest fertilizer retailer. Shareholders provided a vote of confidence to Agrium’s management and board, electing all 12 of Agrium’s director candidates at the company’s annual meeting last week. They simultaneously rejected a slate of five candidates nominated by Jana Partners, the company’s largest shareholder, which is pushing for big changes at the Calgary company. “The Agrium directors came out the winners in a tussle with a hedge fund from New York, but it was very close,” said Bob Schulz, a professor with the University of Calgary’s Haskayne School of Business. The 483 shareholders who voted at the annual meeting in person or by proxy held 115 million of Agrium’s 149 million outstanding common shares. They were allowed to vote for up to 12 director candidates. Barry Rosenstein, managing partner of Jana Partners, was the most successful of Jana’s slate of candidates, garnering slightly more than 53 million shares worth of votes. The least successful Agrium nominee had a little fewer than 60 million shares voted in her favour. Excluding Jana’s shares, Jana nominees on average received less than 25 percent of the votes cast. “We thank our shareholders for their overwhelming support in this vote and throughout this extended proxy contest,” Agrium chair Victor Zaleschuk said in a news release. “Approximately 80 percent of our top 50 actively managed institutional shareholders voted for Agrium’s nominees.” Rosenstein alleges two of Jana’s candidates had enough votes to be elected to the board when voting closed April 5 but lost those seats over the weekend when votes were revoked due to intense lobbying pressure from Agrium. Jana also claims Agrium was offering up to 25 cents a share to convince shareholders to vote for its candidates. “We intend to investigate the vote changes after the voting deadline, and of course the vote buying, and to pursue all appropriate remedies,” Rosenstein said in a statement he made at the annual meeting. Walied Soliman, legal counsel for Agrium’s board of directors, addressed Rosenstein’s criticisms at the close of the meeting, according to a transcript of the meeting prepared by Seeking Alpha. He said there was no evidence to support Jana’s claims that it had two seats locked up. “The loss was pure and simple, fair and square,” said Soliman.“We understand Mr. Rosenstein is upset but reject his attacks on the board and the integrity of this process.” For the time being, Agrium appears to have successfully fended off a challenge from a disgruntled shareholder
Agrium’s retail farm input outlets, such as this Crop Production Services facility near Wakaw, Sask., were at the centre of a fierce proxy contest between Agrium Inc. and Jana Partners. | FILE PHOTO
We will not hesitate to speak up should Agrium go back to its old ways, and we are not going away. BARRY ROSENSTEIN JANA PARTNERS
that owns 7.5 percent of the company. It would have been easier for Jana to implement some of the changes it is seeking if the hedge fund had been successful in getting one of its directors elected to the 12-person board. It would have also created an interesting dynamic around the board table. “Suppose I said to you that I’ve got a group of chickens over here and we’ll put a fox in the henhouse. How would you feel if you were one of the chickens,” said Schulz. “The board would become very dysfunctional.” One of the big changes Jana is pushing for is for Agrium to spin off the retail side of the business and focus on manufacturing and wholesaling fertilizer products. Agrium has invested more than $4 billion in farm input outlets, starting with the 2008 purchase of UAP Holding Corp. The company is attempting to add to that network with the purchase of 232 of Viterra’s crop input businesses. That deal is still subject to approval, including a review by Canada’s Competition Bureau. The Viterra deal would give Agrium 42 percent of Saskatchewan’s agriculture retail business, which is of concern to provincial farm groups. Schulz said hedge funds like Jana
are not typically interested in the long-term viability of a company. “They think that they can take the company, break it into parts and have the sum of the parts worth more than the whole,” he said. Schulz believes that is a flawed approach in this case because Agrium’s business is highly integrated and there are financial benefits for a company that controls a product from manufacturing through retail. He speculated that in the coming months Jana will sell its position in the company to institutional investors such as Alberta Investment Management Corp., the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan or the Canada Pension Plan. However, Rosenstein said this is not the end of the story between Jana and Agrium. “We are Agrium’s largest shareholder and you will find we are just as vocal and active outside of a proxy contest as we are within it,” he said. “We will not hesitate to speak up should Agrium go back to its old ways, and we are not going away.” Two prominent Canadian agriculture industry veterans were vying for a spot on Agrium’s board. Former Canadian agriculture minister Lyle Vanclief, one of Jana’s five candidates, failed to get elected, garnering 22.7 million shares worth of votes, the lowest in the competition. Mayo Schmidt, former president of Viterra, was elected with 60.1 million shares voted in his favour. Schulz was stunned that Schmidt didn’t get more votes, considering he was head of Canada’s largest grain company, which owned the 232 Canadian crop input retail outlets Agrium is attempting to acquire. “This was surprising to me,” he said.
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APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
COMMUNITY SYMBOL | OATS RECOGNIZED
CATTLE FEED | DIAGNOSTIC SERVICE
Sask. town plans towering oat stem
New equipment enables lab to speed feed, disease tests
The oat structure commemorates the founding of the Prairie Oat Growers Association in Ituna, Sask. BY DAN YATES SASKATOON NEWSROOM
A group working to erect a roadside attraction in Ituna feel a 10 metre tall steel oat stem is a fitting image for the east-central Saskatchewan town. “Our area is basically the largest oats growing part in Saskatchewan,” said Kris Spilchuk, an area resident who helped spearhead a committee to get approval for the structure over the last year. The oat stem, which will be located along the Canadian National Railway
line, will commemorate the founding of the Prairie Oat Growers Association in that community in 1998, she said. The organization works with provincial grower groups to fund production and agronomic research and market development for the crop. Spilchuk said an area resident is constructing the steel structure, which will be powder coated before placed in the ground. Organizers would like to unveil the finished product, a small shelter and plaque in the fall.
Fundraising is ongoing. “Whatever we want to put in there might cost us around $25,000,” said Spilchuk. The effort has received POGA’s blessing as well as financial support. Projections for the upcoming growing season show a continuing trend of declining oat acres across the country. An estimate earlier this year pegged the 2013 total around 2.6 million acres. However, Jack Shymko, a POGA director from the Ituna area, said the crop remains a staple in his part of
the province. “I definitely don’t see that in our area, but that’s a small area. I don’t think you can argue with Stats Canada, but there is a number of reasons why oat production is not declining in our area,” he said, including close proximity to elevators and a grain miller, which improve growers’ bottom lines. “The bottom line is (oats) pay, economically speaking,” he said. “Most years it places second to canola on the farm as far as net returns go.”
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New equipment will allow a Saskatoon laboratory to test for mycotoxins in animal feed. “We’re in constant contact with our veterinarian clients and through them to producers,” said Marilyn Jonas, chief executive officer of Prairie Diagnostic Service Inc. “That is testing that isn’t currently done in Western Canada to the extent that they would like it to be.” Mycotoxins, which are the result of mould in spoiled feed, cause problems for beef and hog producers, including abortion in individual animals. “A number of people have had to test outside of the country, into North Dakota and so forth,” said Jonas. “This is something that they would like to see us develop here in Saskatchewan … It’s in the Prairies that we see this type of problem, more so than other parts of Canada.” PDS, a non-profit corporation located in the University of Saskatchewan’s Western College of Veterinary Medicine, has used $585,000 in federal funding to buy equipment that will enhance and speed up the hundreds of tests it conducts for veterinarians and producers. Jonas said the expanded services will assist producers in meeting regulatory standards set by international customers and improve early diagnosis of diseases, including avian and swine influenza, and test for herbicide, pesticide and drug residues. “We do some export testing now, but it’s an area that we’ll be looking at doing more in,” she said. One of PDS’s tests is for anthrax, a role the company will continue to fill as the Canadian Food Inspection Agency shifts greater responsibility onto industry. The CFIA had previously investigated anthrax cases, collected samples and provided vaccines and other support to producers, but it cut off those services April 1. Agency officials have cited limited resources and a focus on more challenging diseases for the move. Producers can use vaccinations to manage the threat posed by naturally present anthrax spores, although a large outbreak in Saskatchewan in 2006 resulted in hundreds of deaths in cattle and bison. “We had hundreds of samples come in. We would do the initial testing and then samples that we felt were positive we then sent to CFIA for confirmation,” said Jonas. “The change they’ve announced has ruled out that confirmation step and so the results that our lab and other labs come up with will then be the final diagnosis, and that will be reported to the (World Organization for Animal Health) because it is a reportable disease. It just changes the dynamics a bit.”
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
NATIONAL FOOD CONFERENCE | PRODUCT LABELLING
FOOD SAFETY | TRACEABILITY
Mislabelled foods raise safety issue Foreign imports | Inaccurately labelled imports must be stopped at the border, says food official STORIES BY BARRY WILSON OTTAWA BUREAU
Consumers and retailers are increasingly being misled by mislabeled products that are not what the labels claim they are, says the head of a food products association. Nancy Croitoru, president of Food and Consumer Products Canada, told a national food conference April 10 that bogus product claims are increasing. “We have a huge problem in Canada with counterfeit products coming in with labels that aren’t accurate,” she told a conference on a national food strategy organized by the Conference Board of Canada. In a later interview, Croitoru said the FCPC has alerted the RCMP and Canadian Food Inspection Agency about the problem. Although the
exact value of the bogus products has not been calculated, she said member companies of the association are compiling data to try to make an educated guess. “It’s absolutely a big deal and it’s a growing deal,” she said. “We have information from the RCMP that this is way more profitable than drug trafficking. So it is highly profitable and has much lower penalties.” She said stricter licensing requirements for food importers and importers contained in recently approved safe food legislation will help. However, the legislation will not take effect until the Canadian Food Inspection Agency has written the required regulations, which is a two-year project. “That’s going to be a huge help because we just don’t have the en-
forcement in this country, we don’t have the people or the dollars,” said Croitoru. “So we need to stop it before it comes into the country. They’re starting it, but we have a long way to go.” She said the improper labelling problem mainly affects imports. Foreign products often make it into Canada with labels that contain no English or French. “They don’t meet our standards,” she said. “We don’t know what the ingredients are. How do we know those products are safe? So there is a safety issue but also, we don’t have a level playing field and that has economic implications.” The issue of counterfeit products is more of a domestic problem, she said.
Empty containers with brand name labels are salvaged on the way to recycling, filled with inappropriate product and sold back to retailers. Croitoru said there was a recent example of brand name baby formula bottles being filled with rice. “This problem has serious implications for our members, for retailers and for consumers,” she said. “It is huge and growing.” Chicken Farmers of Canada recently raised the alarm about a surge in spent chicken from the United States crossing the border tariff-free and then being relabelled and sold as fresh chicken or mixed with Canadian chicken in products such as nuggets. CFC says the product took 10 percent of the Canadian chicken market last year.
Counterfeit products with inaccurate labels turn higher profits than drug trafficking, says a food industry representative. |
FOOD INDUSTRY | OPPORTUNITIES
Ag minister touts opportunities in agriculture TORONTO — Ontario premier and agriculture minister Kathleen Wynne says one of her government’s key goals is to raise the profile of the agriculture sector. “I don’t think people are necessarily conscious of the magnitude of the agri-food sector or the challenges it is facing,” the new premier told a Conference Board of Canada conference on a national food strategy. “I want them to know that the Ontario agri-food industry is a key driver of our economy.” The agriculture and food sector is Ontario’s largest manufacturing sector, employing more than 700,000 workers and contributing $34 billion to the provincial economy. She said the need for skilled workers one of the key challenges that she wants to help industry deal with. “It is clear to me that we need a
KATHLEEN WYNNE ONTARIO PREMIER, AGRICULTURE MINISTER
strategy at the provincial level to connect the labour force with the labour market and how to convince young people to consider a broader range of endeavour, and that’s a challenge,” she said. Wynne said there is a bias in universities and among guidance counselors against trades and agricultural opportunities. “We need to do a better job of finding ways to shine a light on the opportunities that are available.” Wynne, who replaced former Liberal premier Dalton McGuinty after he stepped down earlier this
year, is the first Ontario premier to hold the agriculture position in more than 60 years. The Liberals, now in a minority government, have lost much of their rural political support during their almost decade-long period in power. Her first legislative proposal for the sector is a Local Food Act, which is under debate in the legislature. She said it is a key part of a broader plan to connect city consumers with the farmers who produce their food, giving farmers more stable local markets and consumers healthy local produce. In a later interview, Wynne said Ontario has put behind it the criticisms last year that the Growing Forward 2 plan reduces business risk management support for farmers. She recently signed a deal with Ottawa that will give the province $417 million over five years in inno-
vation and adaptation funding. “I’m very excited about what that can do to help the industry change and grow,” she said. “We’ve worked with the sector and we’ve worked with the agri-food sector and we think we’ve got it to a place where there will be enough resources to do the things we need to do.” Ontario is also chair of the premiers’ conference this year, and Wynne said she will use the position to promote the need for better cooperation between provinces to set more standard agricultural rules and regulations. Companies that operate nationally often complain about the need to comply with an array of conflicting requirements when they move from province to province. She said it is one of the reasons she supports efforts to create a national food strategy.
Traceability system needs co-operation in food chain TORONTO — Canadian claims of being a world leader in food industry traceability are exaggerated, say two food system specialists. “Canada has spent millions, probably billions, on creating an ineffective system,” Martin Gooch told a conference organized last week by the Conference Board of Canada. “We are likely years behind other countries.” The new Safe Food for Canadians Act includes a strengthened requirement for traceability in the food system and the new Growing Forward federal-provincial agreement commits to a national traceability system, but Gooch, who is chief executive officer of Value Chain Management International Inc., said such political initiatives are more posturing than practical. There has been little government leadership and few incentives for industry to implement an effective system. “We go a lot for the window dressing. The wrong answer to traceability is legislation,” said Gooch. Sylvain Charlebois, associate research dean at the University of Guelph, said a 2010 study of the effectiveness of traceability systems in 17 industrialized countries ranked Canada 14th, one spot ahead of the United States. Denmark was rated the best. Charlebois said part of the problem in Canada is the divided jurisdiction between federal and provincial governments. “I think industry really has had to fill the gap,” he said. However, companies are reluctant to share information on their traceability systems with competitors so that industry-wide standards can be established. Charlebois said government’s role should be to create a system of incentives that encourage companies in the food chain to work together to create an accountable traceability system. “At the moment, the government strategy is all about writing cheques, but that does not create industry buyin,” he said. Both speakers said consumers demand greater food industr y accountability and safe food but are not prepared to pay a premium for the product. “I think we are at a crossroads in the food industry,” said Charlebois. Food safety doesn’t have any currency in the marketplace, and consumers are not prepared to pay for something they think they are owed. However, a breakdown in the food safety system can impose a heavy penalty on industry when consumers turn away from a product. Mike Sadiwnyk, senior vice-president for GS1 Canada, a not-for-profit industry organization that develops global product standards, took a less gloomy view of Canada’s traceability. He said Canadian livestock producers are given credit for their traceability efforts in recent years. “I think since the mid-1990s, we have picked up our game.” However, there are traceability gaps in the overall food chain.
APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
U.S. BIOFUEL MANDATE | RENEWABLE FUEL STANDARD
U.S. ethanol sector deflects call for end of mandate Opponents say mandate hurts livestock producers by pushing up corn prices WASHINGTON, D.C. (Reuters) — U.S. ethanol producers took their case for protecting the biofuel mandate directly to U.S. lawmakers last week. Growth Energy, a pro-ethanol trade group, said producers from Illinois, Colorado, Iowa and other Midwestern states planned to meet with their representatives in Congress to parry what they called a desperate attempt by oil companies to stamp out renewable fuel use. They planned to reiterate to lawmakers their arguments that the
ethanol mandate has helped reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil. “When we educate policy makers, they get it,” said Growth Energy chief executive officer Tom Buis. The clash over the future of the Renewable Fuel Standard, which requires rising volumes of biofuels to be blended into U.S. gasoline and diesel supplies, has intensified in recent weeks as refiners warned the mandate could push up costs at the pump. Member of Congress Bob Goodlatte of Virginia introduced legisla-
tion April 10 that would essentially eliminate the RFS “to help protect consumers, producers, and the American economy.” Goodlatte and fellow Republican Steve Womack of Arkansas was joined by Democrats Jim Costa of California and Peter Welch of Vermont and other lawmakers. The legislation would eliminate corn-based ethanol targets, which make up the vast majority of the biofuel mandate. It would also cap the amount of ethanol that can be blended into gasoline at 10 percent, while
Any problems that the refiners are having with the blend wall are self made. TOM BUIS GROWTH ENERGY CHIEF CEO
requiring the government to set targets for cellulosic ethanol use at levels of actual production. Refiners have been required to buy credits for cellulosic biofuel, which is made from grass, wood chips and agricultural waste, even though the
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fuel is not commercially available. The lawmakers backing the bill said the renewable fuel mandate has raised corn prices, pushing up food prices and hurting livestock producers. “The debate is over,” Costa said. “The RFS, as we know it, is not sustainable and it’s not good for American long-term energy needs.” Goodlatte said he believes support for changing the mandate is growing and that this effort may succeed where previous measures have stumbled. Prices for biofuel credits spiked earlier this year, rising from a penny a gallon in December to more than a dollar in March. Refiners are required to buy the credits, known as RINs, to comply with the federal mandate. Oil companies blame the RIN price spike on slumping demand and other factors, which have pushed refiners toward a point where the law will require the use of more ethanol than can be physically blended into the fuel supply at the 10 percent per gallon level they prefer. Refiners refer to this problem as the blend wall. Ethanol supporters blame the credit cost volatility on refiners’ opposition to allowing higher ethanol blends at the gasoline pump. “Any problems that the refiners are having with the blend wall are self made,” Buis said. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has authorized use of up to 15 percent ethanol in gasoline for cars built since the 2001 model year, or about two-thirds of vehicles on the road. Refiners say the higher blend could damage older vehicles, and gasoline station operators and oil refiners have voiced concerns they could be held liable if engines are damaged. The renewable fuel debate has divided lawmakers along regional lines, with those from grain producing states such as Iowa and Illinois strongly supporting the mandate. These lawmakers have been able to fend off attempts to pare down or rescind the fuel targets, including similar bills introduced by Goodlatte during the last Congress. Buis expressed confidence that Congress would keep the mandate intact. “We think we have the support to stop this,” Buis said.
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THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION | NEGOTIATIONS
U.S. attacks other countries’ positions at WTO Agricultural reforms | U.S. ambassador says trade proposal would result in unstable commodity and food prices GENEVA, Switzerland (Reuters) — The United States launched a blistering attack on fellow World Trade Organization member states last week for failing to do more to cut global barriers to trade. It criticized India in particular for trying to introduce a “massive new loophole.” “The time has come to speak bluntly,” U.S. ambassador Michael Punke told his counterparts at the WTO. “We must not sit idly by as the WTO’s negotiating function hurtles towards irrelevance.” Ambassadors to the 159 member WTO were meeting to review progress toward a possible deal to be signed in Bali, Indonesia, in December, which would cut red tape from customs procedures, adding as much as $1 trillion to global trade. At the insistence of developing countries, which objected to having to shoulder most of the burden of the red tape reforms, a Bali agreement would also include limited reforms to rules on food and agriculture and special treatment for poor countries. While such a deal would be a boost for the world economy, the scale of the negotiation has been massively cut back from the far more ambitious Doha Round of trade talks, which dragged on for a decade before finally collapsing in 2011. “The glint of hope today is that we still have time, though only just barely, to adjust our course. The institution we care about is in crisis, and we need to act accordingly,” Punke said. “While it is not my intention to throw bricks, I will be frank in our substantive assessment of where various issues stand,” he said. The mood has changed from hopeful to gr im over the past three months, he added. Punke called on all WTO ambassadors to seek urgent instructions from governments to try to re-energize the negotiations before the end of April. “If Bali fails, the signal that we will send, in a world full of fruitful trade negotiations, is that the WTO is the one place where trade negotiations don’t succeed.” Many trade ministries have been distracted by more pressing problems, such as the global financial crisis, or with less daunting issues, such as who should lead the WTO once director general Pascal Lamy steps down at the end of August. Lamy told the meeting there had been a lot of activity, but limited progress on substance, toward the main areas of a potential Bali agreement. He said there were still “very significant divergences” about how to change the rules on stockpiling food, as demanded by a coalition of developing countries led by India. He urged WTO members not to resort to finger pointing, but gave a pessimistic summary. “The stark reality is that the current pace of work is largely insufficient to deliver successfully in Bali,” he said. “This means that without rapid acceleration and real negotiations, it is highly probable that you will not see the deliverables you desire in Bali.”
The disputed stockpiling proposal would let poor countries buy and store farm produce and would eliminate the existing cap on agricultural subsidies. Supporters say it would help poor farmers and food security, but critics say it would do the opposite. Punke said the proposal became more worrying the more he learned about it and would be a step back, “creating a massive new loophole for potentially unlimited trade-distorting subsidies.” “This new loophole, moreover, will
The time has come to speak bluntly. We must not sit idly by as the WTO’s negotiating function hurtles towards irrelevance. MICHAEL PUNKE U.S. AMBASSADOR
be available only to a few emerging economies with the cash to use it. Other developing countries will accrue no benefit, and in fact will pay
for the consequences.” He said the proposal would result in governments pumping up food prices by buying commodities for
their stockpiles, a policy that would lead to national surpluses later being dumped on world markets and hurting the interests of non-subsidized farmers elsewhere. Punke said the U.S. was concerned about rumours of yet more proposals on agricultural reforms, which he said would only deepen the impasse. “Do we really want to watch this movie again?” he said. “Against this frustrating backdrop, how can we be anything but gravely concerned about the prospects for Bali?”
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APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
WORLD IN BRIEF FOREIGN AID
U.S. reforms aid relief WASHINGTON, D.C. (Reuters) â€” International anti-hunger activists expect U.S. president Barack Obama to propose major reforms to its food aid efforts in which the United States would donate cash instead of shipping U.S.-grown food to trouble spots around the world. The White House declined to comment but people who have heard the plans said the administration has discussed the strategy with interest groups and lawmakers and touted it as a way to save money while keeping the United States the global leader in food aid. Many anti-hunger groups back the new strategy, but other groups, including domestic producers who sell food to the program, oppose the change. Such a switch would be the biggest change in U.S. food aid programs since they were created during the Cold War. Funding for food aid would drop by roughly 25 percent under the proposal, said activists familiar with the plans. However, cash donations, coupled with purchases of food near trouble spots, are a speedier and less costly way to deliver assistance, backers of the so-called local purchase approach said. MARKETS
France adjusts winter wheat, rapeseed PARIS, France (Reuters) â€” Franceâ€™s farm ministry lowered its estimate of the area sown with winter wheat and rapeseed for the 2013 harvest and put spring barley sowings sharply down on an exceptionally high level last year. The winter wheat area is pegged at 12.25 million acres, down from its February estimate of 12.3 million and now up 2.8 percent on 2012. Including a small amount of spring wheat, the soft wheat area was estimated at 12.28 million acres, up 2.2 percent on last year. For winter rapeseed, the ministry lowered its area estimate to 3.73 million acres from 3.76 million acres, now down 5.7 percent on 2012. Including small spring rapeseed sowings, the rapeseed area was put at nearly 3.76 million acres, down 5.6 percent on year. For barley, the total area was put at 3.93 million acres, down 5.5 percent compared with last year.
fungus has also reached Mexico. So severe is the problem that Costa Rica has unveiled a proposal for a $40 million US fund to help 40,000 farmers. Central America and Mexico account for more than one-fifth of global output of high quality arabica beans. LAND OWNERSHIP
Fish farming hero sentenced HANOI, Vietnam (Reuters) â€” A fish farmer who became a cult hero in Vietnam after fighting an illegal eviction with homemade guns and mines has been jailed for five years for attempted murder. The case has stirred public anger over state-backed land grabs.
Doan Van Vuon, two of his brothers and one nephew, were given jail terms of between two and five years for injuring seven police and soldiers in northern Haiphong last January, state media reported. Land grabs, legal and illegal, are a major source of public discontent in communist Vietnam, which owns all the countryâ€™s land. The case has been a major talking point in social media and blogs, with critics calling for changes in land laws. The government offered land leases of 20 years to farmers as part of propeasant policies in the 1990s, but critics say corrupt state officials have allowed illegal seizures in return for kickbacks from businesses. The authorities in Haiphong have admitted the farmerâ€™s eviction was unlawful and several officials are awaiting trials of their own.
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Doan Van Vuon, centre, stands with police in front of the dock at a court during a verdict session in Hai Phong, 100 kilometres east of Hanoi, April 5. Vuon, who became a cult hero in Vietnam after fighting off an illegal eviction with homemade guns and mines, was jailed for five years. | REUTERS/DOAN TAN/VNA/HANDOUT PHOTO
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Starbucks buys research farm (Reuters) â€” Starbucks Corp., the worldâ€™s biggest coffee chain, has bought its first coffee farm, where it plans to research leaf rust, which is devastating Central American crops, as well as harvest its own beans. Starbucks, known for trendy coffee shops, has bought a 600 acre farm in Costa Rica, which it will convert to a global agronomy research and development centre. Financial details were not disclosed. With the farmâ€™s relatively low elevation that ranges from 335 to 490 metres, the centre plans to research the roya fungus, also known as leaf rust, which kills coffee leaves by sapping them of nutrients and lowering bean yields. This year, the blight has surprised farmers by climbing to altitudes above 1,000 metres for the first time in Central America and Peru. The
BayerCropScience.ca/Velocitym3 or 1 888-283-6847 or contact your Bayer CropScience representative. Always read and follow label directions. Bayer CropScience is a member of CropLife Canada.
Cocoa output promising LAGOS, Nigeria (Reuters) — Good rain and hot weather across most of Nigeria’s cocoa growing regions are likely to boost cocoa output by at least 30 percent in the 2012-13 season to 260,000 tonnes, the cocoa association said. That compares with last season’s 200,000 tonnes. Farmers expect better bean production during the June-July harvest. Nigeria is the world’s fourth biggest cocoa grower. It is the country’s biggest non-oil export, generating around $1 billion every year. MARKETS
Soybean output down HAMBURG, Germany (Reuters) — Concern is rising that Argentina’s
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
new soybean harvest now being gathered may be reduced by the double blow of heavy rains following drought, Hamburg-based oilseeds analyst Oil World said. “There is currently a wide range of (crop) estimates between 48 and 52 million tonnes, but we expect that the high end of the range will soon be reduced owing to confirmation of crop losses in the north from drought and losses in central and southern Argentina following the recent substantial rainfall and flooding,” said the market analysis firm. Argentina harvested 39.7 million tonnes of soybeans in early 2012. Oil World still forecasts Argentina’s 2013 crop at 48.5 million tonnes. Heavy rains interrupted soybean harvesting in Argentina’s south and central grains belt last week, the Buenos Aires Grains Exchange said. Large Argentine and Brazilian soybean crops being harvested
are urgently needed by global consumers following tight supplies in past months following a poor U.S. harvest in 2012 and record high soybean prices in September last year. But South American new crop exports are hampered by transport and port loading problems, despite hopes that larger shipments were on the way, Oil World said. CONSERVATION
Fungus strikes bat (Reuters) — A fungus tied to a disease devastating hibernating bats in the United States has been found in an Alabama cave system critical to the survival of endangered gray bats, U.S. government scientists said. Detection of the fungus that causes the bat disease, whitenose syndrome, in the Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge in Alabama “could be pretty catastrophic” for the up to 1.6 million protected gray bats that hibernate there, said Paul McKenzie, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service endangered species co-ordinator. White-nose syndrome, named for the fungal residue on the muzzles of infected bats, has decimated bat populations since it was discovered in New York in 2006. It has spread to 22 states and five Canadian provinces east of the Rocky Mountains, killing more than six million bats. U.S. wildlife officials have said that experts suspect the fungus may have been brought to the United States from Europe by a person inadvertently carrying its spores on shoes, clothing or other gear. Evidence of a similar fungus has been discovered in Europe. The endangered gray bats are among seven species affected by a syndrome that targets those that hibernate in caves and abandoned mines. FOREIGN TRADE
Egypt strikes ag deal with Sudan
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KHARTOUM, Sudan (Reuters) — Egypt and Sudan want to launch joint farming, livestock and biofuel projects to help double bilateral trade, Egyptian president Mohamed Mursi said during his first visit to Khartoum. Sudan imports much of its food from Egypt, especially fruit such as strawberries and oranges. Even fruit juices and yogurt products come from Egypt. Sudan has sought to attract more investment to its agricultural sector to lower its import bill. Sudan will provide Egyptian investors with two million acres of land north of the capital Khartoum to set up an industrial complex to produce biofuel, drugs and other goods, Mursi said at the end of a two-day visit to Khartoum April 5. Both countries also plan farming and livestock projects and a 500 acre farm for agricultural research to stimulate Egyptian investments, Mursi and Sudanese president Omar Hassan al-Bashir said at a joint news conference. Egypt has sought to boost ties with Sudan, counting on Khartoum to preserve its share of the Nile, Egypt’s main source of water under past treaties. Cairo is worried that South Sudan, which seceded from Sudan in 2011, might back east African nations to the south, which want a greater share, analysts say.
APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
U.S. TRADE | TRANS-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP
U.S. sees Asia-Pacific deal as precedent setting Plans to break new ground | The pact would phase out tariffs on manufactured and agricultural goods WASHINGTON, D.C. (Reuters) — The United States hopes to use a proposed regional free trade agreement in the Asia-Pacific and another with the European Union to reshape global rules for trade. “Our goal is for high standards for the Trans-Pacific Partnership to enter the blood stream of the global system and improve the rules and norms,” vice-president Joe Biden said in a speech at the U.S. ExportImport Bank’s annual meeting. “What we’re talking about is shaping a new standard that then be-
comes the metric by which all future trade agreements are measured.” The U.S., Canada and nine other countries hope to finish the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement by the end of the year and could welcome an important 12th country, Japan, into the negotiations in coming weeks. Japan’s addition would boost the proposed agreement to one covering nearly 40 percent of world economic output. Biden said the U.S. needs to aggressively pursue new trade opportuni-
ties in the Asia-Pacific because the region could account for as much as 60 percent of world economic growth over the next five years. “The world’s economic engine has shifted eastward, and we know that it is in Asia where much of the opportunity in the 21st century will be found,” he said. The TPP pact, in addition to phasing out tariffs on manufactured and agricultural goods, aims to “break new ground” in other areas, such as establishing rules covering the trade activities of state-owned enterprises
and the movement of electronic data across borders, Biden said. The U.S. also plans to launch trade talks with the EU in June. The U.S. and the EU already have a $5 trillion trade and investment relationship, which “is far and away the world’s largest,” Biden said. The talks are an opportunity for the U.S. to tackle “behind the border” regulatory barriers that impede trade in agriculture, manufacturing and other areas, he added. The two big U.S. trade initiatives come as the Doha round of world
trade talks, launched more than 10 years ago, remains dead in the water. That has prompted countries to pursue new market openings through bilateral and regional pacts. Biden also referred to U.S. frustration with China over the theft of U.S. trade secrets through cyber attacks and other means, although he did not mention the country by name. “Increasingly we’re seeing wholesale theft of confidential business information and propriety technology through cyber intrusion. And that has to stop,” Biden said.
EU INVESTMENT | AFRICA
Investment in African land lagging, says EU farm official Food security | Companies not to get left behind in foreign land ownership
The Leader in Overlap Control SeedMaster now offers Auto Zone Command™ & FLIP™ (Full Last Implement Pass) as standard features on its on-board and tow-behind tanks. Auto Zone Command prevents costly input overlap by instantly stopping product flow in up to 10 metering zones. The more zones you control, the more money you will save. FLIP is SeedMaster’s patented mapping software that activates Auto Zone Command and halts product flow the first time openers pass through an overlap area. Product is then applied on the last pass, preventing double seed and fertilizer from being applied, and avoiding any seedbed disturbance.
FIRST SEEDED PASS FLIP VIRTUAL PASS - LAST SEEDED PASS
The Big Payback – Savings using a 10 zone, 80 ft. drill Year
Overlap%No Zone Command
Overlap%Auto Zone Command
Savings per Acre
Cost Savings/ Total Acres
NO OVERLAP CONTROL
10 ZONES OF OVERLAP CONTROL
3200 sq. ft.
320 sq. ft.
$6.38 Cost Savings/Acre/Year x 5000 Acres Based on $104.60 /Acre Average Input Cost = $31,903 Input Savings/Year 4
TOTAL 5 YEAR SAVINGS = $159,515 The diagram illustrates how SeedMaster’s Auto Zone Command turns off seed and fertilizer to each zone during headland passes. Without Auto Zone Command, the large area in red would receive double inputs, wasting considerable dollars.
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BRUSSELS, Belgium (Reuters) — European companies have been told they must invest more in Africa’s agricultural sector to keep pace with growing interest from countries such as China and Brazil. European Union farm commissioner Dacian Ciolos said the potential for growth in Africa’s farming sector is clear, considering it is home to a quarter of the world’s fertile land but only 10 percent of global agricultural output. However, poor transport and storage infrastructure are among the factors holding back growth in the sector, which not only threatens the continent’s food security but also presents an opportunity for private investment. “This shows the importance for the European Union to be present in the food security debate and not turn its back on Africa, just as other parts of the world become more and more interested,” Ciolos said. Greater private investment in African agriculture would also help fill the gap created by declining European public support for the sector, which has fallen by half since the 1980s, Ciolos said. “Agriculture has been sidelined in favour of other political and economic priorities, despite the challenge of global hunger,” he said. Rising global food demand in recent years has driven an increase in large-scale land investments in subSaharan Africa by foreign companies, which have been accused of land-grabbing with the help of compliant African officials. Ciolos said governments and companies have a shared responsibility to ensure that any investment respects the rights of local communities to access land, and urged a focus on investing in small farmers, who account for 70 percent of total output.
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
LIVESTOCK | SASKATCHEWAN SPCA
WATER | CROWN CORPORATION
Low-cost feeding practices linked to livestock neglect
SaskWater posts surplus
Absenteeism also a problem | Producers urged to monitor livestock
Saskatchewan’s crown-owned water agency has posted a surplus of $3 million in 2012, according to its annual report. The money will help SaskWater invest in new and upgrade existing facilities, said the report. SaskWater signed agreements with two potash mines during the year: BHP Billiton and K+S Legacy Project. K+S, near Bethune, is a solution mine and needs non-potable water to extract the mineral. A new pump station on the north shore of Buffalo
A growing number of livestock neglect cases in Saskatchewan are linked to farmer absenteeism and the adoption of low-cost feeding practices, says the Saskatchewan SPCA. SPCA manager Kaley Pugh said swath grazing and bale grazing can be effective ways to reduce the costs associated with livestock production. But producers who use those techniques still need to monitor their animals and properly manage their systems. “We do see some concerns with people that are trying to use some of those lower cost feeding systems — swath grazing, bale grazing and things like that — who are not supplying the management that needs to go along with those systems,” Pugh said. “Those systems are great if they’re well managed ,but that doesn’t mean just kicking the animals out and coming back in the spring and hoping that everything is fine. If people are using the systems but they’re doing it poorly, then that’s a problem with the producers, not a problem with the system itself.” Pugh said the Saskatchewan SPCA has seen an alarming increase in the number and severity of livestock neglect cases reported this winter. Some cases involve absentee livestock owners who leave their farms for much of the winter. In other cases, absenteeism is not a factor. Some livestock producers who are trying to reduce feeding costs turn their animals out and hope they will be able to get sufficient feed from bales or swaths that are buried under several feet of snow. In rare cases, cattle are put on pasture year round and left to fend for themselves. “A number of the cattle cases that
AGFINANCE | FINANCIAL RESULTS
Drought hurts Cargill earnings (Reuters) —Cargill Inc.’s quarterly earnings fell 42 percent as a historic U.S. drought pressured its meat processing operations. Cargill, one of the world’s largest privately held corporations, reported net earnings of $445 million for the fiscal 2013 third quarter ended Feb. 28, compared to $766 million for the same quarter a year earlier. Revenue for the third quarter was up one percent at $32.2 billion, the company said in a statement. Cargill, one of the nation’s largest beef processors, has been warning since last summer that the worst U.S. drought in more than half a century would hurt its meat business by raising costs for grain fed to livestock.
we’ve seen this year are ones where people have just tried to leave their cattle on pasture or on swath grazing and it just hasn’t worked out — the animals weren’t getting the nutrition they needed,” Pugh said. “Swath grazing when there’s that much snow and it’s crusted over … it just doesn’t work.” Pugh said the number of cases involving undernourished and
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neglected livestock has not slowed in the past month. Higher than normal snow pack in many areas is a contributing factor. “Unfortunately, the number of (livestock cases) really hasn’t slowed down,” she said. “With the delayed thaw and lots of snow, we’ve still been seeing a lot of livestock cases, so that’s certainly a disturbing trend for us.”
Pound Lake and six kilometres of pipeline were constructed to supply the water. A spur dike with screens was also built to prevent fish from entering the system. SaskWater also supplies potable water to the mine. BHP Billiton’s project near Jansen is a conventional mine that requires a pump station, 94 kilometres of pipeline and a booster station to get water from the Zelma reservoir. The system is expected to be built by 2015. Meanwhile, SaskWater completed construction of new water treatment plants in Cupar and Gravelbourg and added the village of Hepburn and One Arrow First Nation as customers.
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APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
RESEARCH | PEST MANAGEMENT
Genetics shortens research time on plants, insects Crop protection | Obtaining genetic markers for various insects would speed identification and help determine the best crop protection method BY MARGARET EVANS FREELANCE WRITER
LINDELL BEACH, B.C. — Understanding insect diets can eat up a lot of a researcher’s time as they try to observe behaviour and document what they find. Having a means to more quickly identify a particular insect feeding on a farmer’s valuable crop can also speed up diagnoses and develop quicker responses to fight the bugs. New genetic techniques that develop what researchers call a genetic barcode, small DNA regions within an organism’s genome, could soon be available to provide speedier identification. Scientists with the Smithsonian Institution recently developed DNA extraction techniques to profile the DNA inside the stomachs of 20 species of rolled leaf beetles in Costa Rica and to study 33 species of flowering plants in the ginger and banana order zingiberales on which the beetles eat and lay their eggs. Carlos Garcia-Robledo, a postdoctoral fellow at the Smithsonian and lead author of the study published in the journal PLOS ONE, said the new method improves understanding of the interrelationships between plants and insects. Researchers extracted not only DNA from the stomachs, but also from the actual insects, then used DNA markers to specify each insect and each plant to profile the diet. After extracting the DNA , researchers used baseline data gathered through years of field observation to test the accuracy of the DNA method. Effective pest management Garcia-Robledo said the study was designed to confirm a methodology that would be efficient and timeeffective for environmental management and for the management and protection of valuable commercial crops. “Scientists proposed several DNA barcodes, as not every gene works for all plant groups. The first step is to determine if a given DNA barcode works for the plant group of interest. After identifying (the DNA barcode), it is possible to understand the diets of a whole community of insects. In habitats of difficult access, such as the forest canopy, this method will prove invaluable.” Two years ago, the need for a quick identification method became apparent with the appearance of an insect in the fruit growing region of Washington state. An unrecognized fruit fly was found feeding on crabapples in Kennewick close to the heart of Washington’s $1.5 billion apple-growing region.
The discovery was alarming because of the possibility that a fruit fly not associated with crabapples had expanded its usual diet to include the fruit. It also raised the question about the dietary expansion of other flies known to be pests, in particular the invasive apple maggot fly. Larvae of the fruit fly feeding on crabapples were sent to research entomologists at the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Yakima Agricultural Research Laboratory in Wapato, Wash., where they were raised over four months to adulthood and visually identified as rhagoletis indifferens. One larva was sent to the University of Notre Dame in Indiana, where within two days biological sciences professor Jeffrey Feeder identified it through genetic analysis as the same species. “R. indifferens is a major pest of sweet and sour cherries in Washington and Oregon but is not of concern to apple growers, and no R. indifferens has been reared from apple,” he said. “The crabapples are smaller and more like cherries, so it is easier to see how R. indifferns may have chosen to oviposit (lay eggs) into it. So while we cannot rule out the possibility that the cherry fly could someday switch to apple, it is not of relatively great concern.” The observation of the changing diet of the cherry fly is a concern to watch for in a range of invasive, problematic insects such as the apple maggot fly. “Right now, the apple maggot has not been reared from a commercial orchard, but it is beginning to encroach nearer to them,” said Feder. The expansion of the apple maggot fly includes the B.C. Lower Mainland and Vancouver Island and concerns are growing that it might spread to the commercial apple growing regions in the Interior. The refinement of the DNA barcodes allows identification not only from the insects themselves, but from their eggs and larvae. “In addition to plant DNA barcodes, we also obtained for each beetle the animal DNA barcode CO1,” said Garcia-Robledo. “Using this DNA barcode, it is possible to determine the species of eggs and larvae. These results will be published soon.” He said other laboratories are interested in using the methods developed at Smithsonian. “These methods can be used to determine, for example, if an adult insect found in a crop field is actually feeding on a plant and also to associate eggs and larvae with adults. This information is fundamental for any integrated pest management program.”
ABOVE: Carlos Garcia-Robledo, post-doctoral fellow at Smithsonian Institution, says profiling DNA on various insects and plants will help determine if it is harmful to a crop. | SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION PHOTO LEFT: DNA extraction techniques are being used to profile the DNA inside the stomachs of 20 species of rolled leaf beetles. | CARLOS GARCIA-ROBLEDO, SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION PHOTO
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
TRADE | CANADA’S POSITION
Protectionism called ‘toxic threat’ to trade Canada will continue to defend supply managed sectors BY BARRY WILSON OTTAWA BUREAU
Canada’s trade minister, Ed Fast, says the new director general of the WTO, headquartered in Geneva, must “fight against tariff and non-tariff barriers around the world.” | FILE PHOTO
As World Trade Organization members prepare to elect a new director general May 31, Canada is laying down markers about what it expects from the new leader. Canada’s position could raise eyebrows both in the WTO’s Geneva headquarters and in Canada, at least on the issue of tariffs. For decades, Canada has couched its support for trade liberalization with the caveat that like most countries with trade sensitive sectors, Canada will continue to defend protection for dairy, poultry and egg sectors. In a statement on what Canada expects in a new director general, trade minister Ed Fast left little room to defend tariffs for anyone, calling protectionism a “toxic threat” to the world economy. “First and foremost, as a country at the forefront of trade liberalization, Canada will support the selection of a candidate who can marshal common cause against the protectionism that remains a toxic threat to the global economic recovery,” he said. “Accordingly, the successful candidate must be a champion in the fight against tariff and non-tariff barriers around the world.” Meanwhile, the federal government continues to assure supply managed sectors that it will continue to defend tariffs in the 200 to 300 percent range. Ministers next gather in Bali, Indonesia, in early December to discuss whether the Doha Round of world trade talks, which has been bogged
down since 2005, can be resurrected. By then, a new world trade leader, to be chosen from nine candidates nominated by their governments, will have replaced two-term director general Pascal Lamy Sept. 1. Fast suggested in his statement that in light of the continuing Doha stalemate, the new director general should try to reinvigorate the talks while recognizing that many countries have moved on to regional trade negotiations. “In light of the continued impasse in the Doha Round, Canada has pursued an aggressive bilateral and regional trade agenda, as have many other WTO members,” he said. “The next director-general must possess a clear plan to re-establish the WTO as an institution that can credibly advance multilateral trade liberalization efforts in the interests of all its members.” He said that rather than worry about the impact that growing bilateral and regional trade negotiations could have on the credibility of the multilateral system, the next director general must find ways to harness the successes of bilateral and regional initiatives to reinvigorate the multilateral trading system. He also argued that the next WTO head should embrace a recent initiative to involve only select WTO members, mainly developed countries, in negotiations over a Trade in Services agreement. The idea of concluding specific agreements outside a comprehensive deal that includes all issues and all countries is controversial within the organization. Fast promised to be in Bali to present Canada’s positions personally.
WHEAT | GM INTRODUCTION
GM wheat concerns identified SUCCESS IN WHEAT,
BY BRIAN CROSS
Government, grain handlers and life science companies continue to look into the possibility of introducing genetically modified wheat in Canada. The Biotech Wheat Working Group has already conducted an “environmental scan” of the wheat industry, which is aimed at identifying issues that would need to be addressed before GM wheat could be commercialized in Canada. Issues identified included market acceptance, best management practices, bulk handling capabilities, low level presence policies, regulatory issues and the industry’s ability to segregate GM and non-GM varieties. The group, made up of representatives from government, grain companies, grower organizations, and biotechnology companies, is also preparing a questionnaire organizations can use to assess and monitor customer perceptions of GM wheat. Preliminary responses to the questionnaire are likely to be available within six to eight months.
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“Really, it (the BWWG) is looking at issues that surround the introduction of GM wheat if and when it happens,” said group co-chair Barry Senft, who also serves as chief executive officer of Grain Farmers of Ontario. BWWG was formed two years ago to look at the implications of introducing GM wheat and begin a process to identify key issues. It is co-chaired by Senft and Chantelle Donahue, director of corporate affairs with Cargill Canada. Senft, originally from Lipton, Sask., has held a variety of executive positions in the private and public sectors over the past 25 years, including second vice-president of Saskatchewan Wheat Pool in the mid-1990s, chief commissioner of the Canadian Grain Commission from 1997 to 2002 and executive director of the Canadian International Grains Institute. The group reports to the Grain Roundtable, whose membership includes more than 40 organizations, including producer groups. General farm organizations are not represented, but Senft said participation on the committee is open to any organization that sits on the roundtable.
APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
WEATHER | FORECAST METHODS
Striving for better forecasts New techniques may improve ability to forecast weather events CHICAGO, Ill. (Reuters) — Last year’s drought in the United States, which was the country’s worst since the Dust Bowl years of the 1930s, sent world food prices to record highs. The long, dry summer also cost the government a record $16 billion in crop insurance payments. The Mississippi River shrank in the heat, and barge traffic slowed to a trickle. U.S. weather forecasters never saw it coming. That’s why this year, as spring seeding begins, meteorologists are adjusting forecasting techniques, trying to learn from what went wrong last summer and using 2012 weather data for what they hope will be an improved early alert system. “The drought of 2012 was such a singularity, only repeated a few times in a century,” said Harvey Freese, a top private weather forecaster. “The temperature and precipitation departures were two standard deviations from normal. The year 1934 did begin to show up in our analog comparisons of past years, but we probably only dared to think about the possibility.” Forecasters and their customers say improvement is needed over what happened during the first half of 2012. “People are calling it a ‘flash drought’ because it developed so
suddenly,” Siegfried Schubert, a senior research scientist for NASA, said as he recalled the dry season that started in the winter, persisted through the spring and summer and continues in the western corn belt and southern U.S. Plains. “I don’t think there were any models that predicted that.” Well-established agricultural forecasting services such as MDA EarthSat Weather, Commodity Weather Group, World Weather and FreeseNotis were caught by surprise. Commodity traders and grain analysts pay for forecasts that can be reliable as far as three months in advance, but none of the firms gave advance notice of last year’s drought during the winter or early spring. Meteorologists rely on esoteric weather conditions to forecast longterm U.S. weather trends, such as the La Nina and El Nino phenomena tied to changes in southern Pacific Ocean surface temperatures. A year ago, forecasters said the second strongest La Nina in history faded in the winter of 2012 when sea surface temperatures began to warm. Meteorologists took that as a sign that the U.S. crop belt should experience a fairly normal growing season, but they ignored atmospheric data that might have tipped them to the impending drought.
“Even though the oceans were acting like they were not in La Nina any more, the atmosphere was acting like we were,” said Joel Widenor, agricultural director for Commodity Weather Group. “Unfortunately, we didn’t pay attention to that soon enough to adjust our forecast last spring. It’s something we’re watching this year. We think it was a pretty big factor last year.” Widenor calls it the GLAAM factor. He has tweaked his forecasting techniques for this season using the global atmospheric angular momentum, an atmospheric index that measures the spinning of the Earth and its effect on weather. Hoping to catch signs of a drought earlier, he is also watching the weekly U.S. Drought Monitor, which tracks soil moisture and water temperatures in the northern Pacific Ocean, off the coast of Baja California and the northwestern Atlantic Ocean. Don Keeney, EarthSat’s senior meteorologist, said his firm is studying previous big drought years and comparing them with current patterns, looking for any sign that drought-prone conditions will continue. However, meteorologists and climatologists, who study the interaction of the sun, the atmosphere and the Earth, readily admit 2013 will be
Even if we can’t predict an event like last year’s drought, perhaps we can predict the probability of an event happening. Ultimately, that is our goal. SIEGFRIED SCHUBERT NASA
another tricky year to predict because La Nina and El Nino patterns this winter have been neutral. It boils down to educated guesswork or hunches based on years of experience. Iowa State University climatologist Elwynn Taylor looked at the La Nina trends in March 2012 and updated his prediction for a major drought to a 50-50 probability from 30-50. He said the western Midwest is set up for another hot, dry summer this year, citing La Nina history. Rock hard soil several feet below the surface are another flag the droughty conditions could continue this season, he added. Taylor’s outlook aligns with recent comments from Nebraska state cli-
matologist Al Dutcher, who said that state’s 10 million acre corn crop stands or falls on irrigation as well as rain. In fact, most weather forecasting models, including the U.S. government’s, are now leaning toward a hot, dry summer for the U.S. crop belt, especially west of the Mississippi River. However, last year’s failures have left grain market analysts worrying about this year’s forecasts. They need to balance the longer trends with the way a sudden shower can affect markets day to day. “We all know that the long-term guidance is not as reliable as nearterm patterns,” said Rich Feltes, an
SPRING PH CONTEST 20
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
CLIMATE RESEARCH | GLOBAL WARMING
Release of ocean heat may speed warming
analyst at giant broker RJ O’Brien. “We also know nothing is more riveting to the markets than what the last 24 hours precipitation and temperatures have been relative to expectations.” While analysts say calculators to crunch data on long-term patterns are important, they must always give greater weight to short-term weather forecasts because most commodity traders think short-term. Volatile grain markets reflect that reality. “Weather forecasts 12 to 15 days out are not terribly reliable. The forecaster we use points that out constantly,” said Anne Frick, oilseed analyst at Jefferies Bache in New York. “For three days out, very high confi-
dence. Up to seven days: confidence. Beyond the seven to 10 day period, it gets quite iffy.” Schubert, who heads a group of scientists researching weather forecasting models, said last year’s poor performance should not cause anyone to dismiss long-term forecasting altogether. He said a review of NASA data shows that one of its research models tracking soil moisture did begin picking up signals of extreme drought by early May. “Even if we can’t predict an event like last year’s drought, perhaps we can predict the probability of an event happening,” Schubert said. “Ultimately, that is our goal.”
OSLO, Norway (Reuters) — Climate change could quickly get worse if huge amounts of extra heat absorbed by the oceans are released back into the air. Scientists announced the finding after unveiling new research that shows oceans have helped mitigate the effects of warming since 2000. Heat-trapping gases are being emitted into the atmosphere faster than ever, and the 10 hottest years since records began have all taken place since 1998. However, the rate at which the Earth’s surface is heating up has slowed since 2000, causing scientists to search for an explanation for the pause. Experts in France and Spain said the oceans took up more warmth from the air around 2000. That would help explain the slowdown in surface warming but would also suggest the pause may be only temporary and brief. “Most of this excess energy was absorbed in the top 700 metres of the ocean at the onset of the warming pause, 65 percent of it in the tropical Pacific and Atlantic oceans,” they wrote in the journal Nature Climate Change. Lead author Virginie Guemas of the Catalan Institute of Climate Sciences in Barcelona, Spain, said the hidden heat may return to the atmosphere in the next decade, stoking warming again. “If it is only related to natural vari-
Recent warming rates of the waters below 700 metres appear to be unprecedented. KEVIN TRENBERTH U.S. NATIONAL CENTER FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH
ability, then the rate of warming will increase soon,” she said. Caroline Katsman of the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, an expert who was not involved in the latest study, said heat absorbed by the ocean will come back into the atmosphere if it is part of an ocean cycle such as the El Nino warming and La Nina cooling events in the Pacific Ocean. She said the study broadly confirmed earlier research by her institute, but it was unlikely to be the full explanation of the warming pause at the surface because it applied only to the onset of the slowdown around 2000. The pace of climate change has big economic implications because almost 200 governments agreed in 2010 to limit surface warming to less than 2 C above pre-industrial levels, mainly by shifting from fossil fuels. Surface temperatures have already risen by 0.8 C. Two degrees is widely seen as a threshold for dangerous changes such as more droughts,
mudslides, floods and rising sea levels. Some governments and climate change skeptics argue that the slowdown in the rising trend shows less urgency to act. Governments have agreed to work out a global deal to combat climate change by the end of 2015. Last year was the ninth warmest since records began in the 1850s, according to the United Nations’ World Meteorological Organization, and 2010 was the warmest, just ahead of 1998. Apart from 1998, the 10 hottest years have all been since 2000. Guemas’s study showed that natural La Nina weather events in the Pacific around 2000 brought cool waters to the surface that absorbed more heat from the air. In another set of natural variations, the Atlantic also soaked up more heat. “Global warming is continuing, but it’s being manifested in somewhat different ways,” said Kevin Trenberth of the U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research. Warming can go to the air, water, land or to melting ice and snow. He said warmth is spreading to ever deeper ocean levels, and pauses in surface warming could last 15 to 20 years. “Recent warming rates of the waters below 700 metres appear to be unprecedented,” he and colleagues wrote in a study last month in the journal Geophysical Research Letters.
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APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
EVERYTHING OK OUT THERE?
Under moonlight and using a flashlight, Trevor Wathen of Namaka, Alta., walks through his herd in the early morning hours to check on calving cows. | KEVIN LINK PHOTO
AG NOTES RICHARDSON FUNDS PROGRAM
GENOME PRAIRIE HIRES OFFICIAL
Richardson Pioneer has established the Richardson Pioneer Century Gifts Program as part of its 100th anniversary celebrations. It will provide $100,000 in funding to one major community project in each prairie province in 2013. Communities in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba must submit a proposal for a specific infrastructure project or initiative that promotes recreational pursuits and will benefit the community. Preference will be given to projects with funding support from local residents and businesses. Proposals must be received by June 30. Applications are available online at www.richardson.ca/community. Recipients will be announced in the fall.
Chris Barker has been appointed Genome Prairie’s chief scientific officer. He will be responsible for strategic research and partnerships. Barker has technical, scientific and management experience in various positions on the Prairies. He led project management activities with start-up companies BioStar and MetaMorphix following the completion of a master of science degree in applied microbiology from the University of Saskatchewan in 1995. He joined Genome Prairie in 2006 as a project manager and has since managed multiple Genome Canadafunded research programs. For more information, visit www. genomeprairie.ca. BARLEY COMMISSION HIRES RESEARCH MANAGER Garson Law is the new research manager for the Alberta Barley Commission. Law joins the commission after 16 years at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, where he studied and worked in research capacities including bio-preservation, biorefining and medical research. His master’s degree focused on swine nutrition and metabolism. Law was recently a lab manager in the U of A’s agricultural, food and nutritional science department, focusing on bioconversion of industrial byproducts to high-value commodities. His work also included collecting and analyzing data for the commission’s shochu project. BEEF COUNCIL PICKS PRESIDENT David Bolduc was recently affirmed president of the Canadian Beef Breeds Council. Bolduc and his family operate Cudlobe Angus near Stavely, Alta. They run 500 cows and have an annual bull sale. The family has exported cattle in the past, including to Argentina in the 1970s and the Queen Mother’s herd in the 1980s. Bolduc is also past-president of the Canadian Angus Association. Rob Smith, the CAA’s chief executive officer, was also elected to the council’s board of directors. He will be filling one of the eight positions in the new board structure featuring beef breed and exporter representatives.
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May 5: Al Oeming’s spring sale, Polar Park, Edmonton (Al Oeming, 780-922-3013, questions@ aloemingauctions.com, www. aloemingauctions.com) May 23-25: B.C. Cattlemen’s Association convention, Vernon, B.C. (Register, Becky, 877-688-2333, beverett@ kamloops.net. www.cattlemen.bc.ca) May 25: Canadian Heritage Breeds urban farm sale, Agri-Center West, Westerner Park, Red Deer (Liz Munro, 403-391-8697, www. canadianheritagebreeds.com) June 9-11: Saskatchewan Stock Growers Association 100th convention and meeting, exhibition grounds, Moose Jaw, Sask. (SSGA, 306-7578523, firstname.lastname@example.org, www. skstockgrowers.com/100th) For more coming events, see the Community Calendar, section 0300, in the Western Producer Classifieds.
NEWS INDIA | WHEAT STOCKS
THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
U.S. BUDGET | FARM SAFETY CUTS
India’s wheat price too high for buyers Proposed ag cuts save $1 billion $300 a tonne floor price | Warehouses must be cleared to make room for new crop NEW DELHI, India (Reuters) — India managed only a marginal cut in bulging wheat stockpiles in March despite efforts to step up exports. The development increased pressure on the world’s second largest producer of the grain to find ways to boost shipments and make room for a new harvest. Wheat stocks in government warehouses were 24.2 million tonnes April 1, down nearly 11 percent from a month earlier, government sources said. India has refused to sell its wheat below $275 per tonne, but it may have to reduce that level because global prices have fallen and it must clear space for another bumper harvest arriving soon to protect it from
rodents and rain. New Delhi uses the stocks to distribute cheap grain to its half a billion poor people and also holds some in inventory for emergencies. It has offered 4.5 million tonnes of wheat via tenders, of which 3.6 million have been contracted for exports. However, its two latest tenders found no takers among private exporters, who did not wish to bid above $300 a tonne, the floor price fixed by the government. “There has been absolutely no response in the last couple of tenders, which is like a slap to the export policy, which needs to be reviewed against the backdrop of lower global prices,” said a trader with the Indian
arm of a global trading company. New Delhi has also offered another five million tonnes direct to private traders. Direct sales have failed to take off as well, and the government is now considering reducing minimum price levels, sources have said. Traders believe the government will have to cut the floor price to lure back private trading companies. On March 28, the benchmark Chicago Board of Trade wheat contract posted its biggest weekly decline since June 2012. It has recovered slightly since. India’s rice inventory on April 1 was 35.5 million tonnes, almost unchanged from 35.8 million tonnes in the previous month.
KAZAKHSTAN | EXPORTS
WASHINGTON, D.C. (Reuters) — U.S. president Barack Obama has proposed reducing the most expensive part of the U.S. farm safety net by cutting the subsidy to farmers for buying crop insurance. The government now pays 62 cents of every $1 of insurance premium. Farmers collected a record $16.2 billion in payments on 2012 crops, chiefly due to drought. They paid $4 billion for the policies and the government added $7 billion. Obama recently proposed a reduction of three percentage points in the federal subsidy for policies with higher levels of coverage, which are the most popular policies, and a reduction of two points in the subsidy to buy harvest price policies, which pay more if commodity prices go up during the year. Farm income is forecast at record levels, said the White House, so it is time to adjust farm supports. As part of that, it proposed eliminating the $5 billion a year “direct
payment” subsidy that is paid regardless of need. O b a ma s a i d t h e g ov e r n m e nt should also pay less of the administrative cost for the privately run system, and insurers should be held to a “reasonable rate of return” on crop insurance, forecast to cost $9 billion a year. Roughly $1 billion a year would be saved under the administration’s proposal. Leaders of the House and Senate agriculture committees oppose major changes in the federally subsidized crop insurance system. “We need to make sure it is affordable to farmers,” Senate agriculture chair Debbie Stabenow said. Last year, the Senate voted to reduce the premium subsidy for farmers with more than $750,000 a year in adjusted gross income and to require farmers to practice soil conservation to qualify for subsidized insurance. The House farm bill omitted those reforms.
Kazakhstan exports hit record despite severe drought ASTANA, Kazakhstan (Reuters) — Kazakhstan exported 5.2 million tonnes of grain between July 1, 2012, and April 1, 2013, compared to 8.3 million tonnes in the same period the previous year, said a senior agriculture ministry official. The country, which is central Asia’s largest grain producer, could potentially export a further two million
tonnes of grain by the end of the current marketing year, said Sagintai Zhumazhanov, head of the ministry’s land development department. Commenting on reports that Egypt was considering resuming wheat imports from Kazakhstan after a two-year hiatus, Zhumazhanov said: “If they wish, we are ready to sell. I have told you about our remaining
potential ... so they are welcome to partake of this chunk of the pie.” Zhumazhanov said Russia and the European Union had become important new destinations for Kazakh grain exports this marketing year. Kazakhstan suffered a severe drought last year but still exported a record 12.1 million tonnes of grain in the last marketing year.
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Rocky Mountain Dealerships Edmonton, Barrhead, Westlock, Camrose, Red Deer, AB ...........................................855-463-1427 Vanee Farm Centre Inc. Lethbridge, AB .........................................................403-327-1100 Bill’s Farm Supplies Stettler, AB ...............................................................403-742-8327 Tri-Ag Implements Ltd. Wainwright, St. Paul, Consort, AB ...........................780-842-4408 Grassland Equipment Ltd. Williams Lake/Vanderhoof, BC ................................250-392-4024 Markusson New Holland Country Emerald Park, SK .....................................................800-819-2583 Novlan Bros. Sales Paradise Hill, SK ......................................................306-344-4448 E. Bourassa & Sons Radville, Pangman, Weyburn, Assiniboia, Estevan, SK ...........................................877-474-2456 John Bob Farm Equipment Tisdale, Outlook, SK ................................................306-873-4588 © 2012 CNH America LLC. New Holland is a registered trademark of CNH America LLC.
APRIL 18, 2013 | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | THE WESTERN PRODUCER
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THE WESTERN PRODUCER | WWW.PRODUCER.COM | APRIL 18, 2013
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Tributes/Memoriams ..................... 0100 Announcements .............................0200 COMMUNITY CALENDAR British Columbia ..........................0310 Alberta ........................................ 0320 Saskatchewan ............................ 0330 Manitoba ..................................... 0340 Airplanes ........................................0400 Alarms & Security Systems ...........0500 ANTIQUES Antique Auctions .........................0701 Antique Equipment..................... 0703 Antique Vehicles ......................... 0705 Antique Miscellaneous ................0710 Arenas ............................................0800 Auction Sales .................................0900 Auction Schools .............................0950 AUTO & TRANSPORT Auto Service & Repairs............... 1050 Auto & Truck Parts .......................1100 Buses........................................... 1300 Cars ............................................. 1400 Trailers Grain Trailers .............................1505 Livestock Trailers....................... 1510 Misc. Trailers...............................1515 Trucks 2007 & Newer ........................... 1597 2000 - 2006 ............................. 1600 1999 & Older .............................1665 Four Wheel Drive .......................1670 Grain Trucks ............................... 1675 Gravel Trucks ............................. 1676 Semi Trucks.................................. 1677 Specialized Trucks .................... 1680 Sport Utilities ............................ 1682 Various .......................................1685 Vans..............................................1700 Vehicles Wanted .......................... 1705 BEEKEEPING Honey Bees ..................................2010 Cutter Bees ................................. 2020 Bee Equipment & Supplies .....................................2025 Belting ............................................ 2200 Bio Diesel & Equipment................. 2300 Books & Magazines ........................ 2400 BUILDING & RENOVATIONS Concrete Repair & Coatings .......................................2504 Doors & Windows ........................2505 Electrical & Plumbing .................. 2510 Lumber .........................................2520 Roofing.........................................2550 Supplies .......................................2570 Buildings .........................................2601 Building Movers ..............................2602 Business Opportunities ................. 2800 BUSINESS SERVICES Commodity/Future Brokers ........ 2900 Consulting ....................................2901 Financial & Legal .........................2902 Insurance & Investments ....................2903 Butcher’s Supplies .........................3000 Chemicals........................................3150 Clothing: Drygoods & Workwear ................. 3170 Collectibles .................................... 3200 Compressors .................................. 3300 Computers...................................... 3400 CONTRACTING Custom Baling..............................3510 Custom Combining ......................3520 Custom Feeding ........................... 3525 Custom Seeding ........................... 3527 Custom Silage ..............................3530 Custom Spraying ........................ 3540 Custom Trucking ..........................3550 Custom Tub Grinding ................... 3555 Custom Work............................... 3560 Construction Equipment................3600 Dairy Equipment .............................3685 Diesel Engines................................ 3700 Educational .................................... 3800 Electrical Motors.............................3825 Electrical Equipment ......................3828 Engines........................................... 3850 Farm Buildings ...............................4000 Bins ............................................. 4003 Storage/Containers .................... 4005 FARM MACHINERY Aeration .......................................4103
• The Western Producer reserves the right to revise, edit, classify or reject any advertisement submitted to it for publication. • The Western Producer, while assuming no responsibility for advertisements appearing in its columns, endeavors to restrict advertising to wholly reliable firms or individuals. • Buyers are advised to request shipment C.O.D. when purchasing from an unknown advertiser, thus minimizing the chances of fraud and eliminating the necessity of refund if the goods have already been sold. • Ads may be cancelled or changed at any time in accordance with the deadlines. Ads ordered on the term rates, which are cancelled or changed lose their special term rates. • The Western Producer accepts no responsibility for errors in advertisements after one insertion. • While every effort is made to forward replies to the box numbers to the advertiser as soon as possible, we accept no liability in respect of loss or damage alleged to arise through either failure or delay in forwarding such replies, however caused. • Advertisers using only a post office box number or street address must submit their name to this office before such an advertisement is accepted for this publication. Their name will be kept confidential and will not appear in any advertisement unless requested. • Box holders names are not given out.
Conveyors ................................... 4106 Equipment Monitors ................... 4109 Fertilizer Equipment.................... 4112 Grain Augers ................................ 4115 Grain Bags/Equipment ................ 4116 Grain Carts ................................... 4118 Grain Cleaners ............................. 4121 Grain Dryers ................................. 4124 Grain Elevators ............................ 4127 Grain Testers ................................4130 Grain Vacuums............................. 4133 Harvesting & Haying Baling Equipment ......................4139 Mower Conditioners .................. 4142 Swathers ....................................4145 Swather Accessories .................4148 H&H Various .............................. 4151 Combines Belarus ....................................... 4157 Case/IH ..................................... 4160 CI ................................................4163 Caterpillar Lexion ......................4166 Deutz ..........................................4169 Ford/NH ..................................... 4172 Gleaner ...................................... 4175 John Deere ................................. 4178 Massey Ferguson ....................... 4181 Python........................................4184 Versatile ..................................... 4187 White..........................................4190 Various ....................................... 4193 Combine Accessories Combine Headers ......................4199 Combine Pickups .......................4202 Misc. Accessories ......................4205 Hydraulics ................................... 4208 Parts & Accessories ..................... 4211 Salvage....................................... 4214 Potato & Row Crop Equipment ................................. 4217 Repairs .........................................4220 Rockpickers ................................. 4223 Shop Equipment .......................... 4225 Snowblowers & Snowplows.................................4226 Silage Equipment ........................4229 Special Equipment ...................... 4232 Spraying Equipment PT Sprayers ................................4238 SP Sprayers................................ 4241 Spraying Various .......................4244 Tillage & Seeding Air Drills .....................................4250 Air Seeders ................................4253 Harrows & Packers ....................4256 Seeding Various.........................4259 Tillage Equipment .....................4262 Tillage & Seeding Various.....................................4265 Tractors Agco Agco ......................................... 4274 Allis/Deutz ............................... 4277 White ...................................... 4280 Belarus .......................................4283 Case/IH ..................................... 4286 Steiger......................................4289 Caterpillar ..................................4292 John Deere .................................4295 Kubota....................................... 4298 Massey Ferguson .......................4301 New Holland ............................. 4304 Ford ..........................................4307 Versatile...................................4310 Universal.................................... 4313 Zetor...........................................4316 Various Tractors ........................4319 Loaders & Dozers ......................... 4322 Miscellaneous ..............................4325 Wanted .........................................4328 Fencing ...........................................4400 Financing/Leasing ......................... 4450 Firewood .........................................4475 Fish & Fish Farming...... ................. 4500 Food Products .................................4525 Forestry / Logging Equipment ....... 4550 Fork Lifts & Pallet Trucks ...............4600 Fruit / Fruit Processing .................. 4605 Fur Farming .....................................4675 Generators ...................................... 4725 GPS .................................................4730 Green Energy................................... 4775 Health Care .................................... 4810 Health Foods ...................................4825 Heating & Air Conditioning ........... 4850 Hides, Furs, & Leathers ................. 4880
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Hobbies & Handicrafts .................. 4885 Household Items............................ 4890 Iron & Steel .................................... 4960 Irrigation Equipment ..................... 4980 LANDSCAPING Greenhouses ............................... 4985 Lawn & Garden ........................... 4988 Nursery & Gardening Supplies .................. 4990 LIVESTOCK Bison/Buffalo Auction Sales ............................5000 Bison/Buffalo............................ 5001 Cattle Auction Sales ............................ 5005 Black Angus .............................. 5010 Red Angus ..................................5015 Belgian Blue.............................. 5030 Blonde d’Aquitaine ....................5035 Brahman ................................... 5040 Brangus ......................................5042 Braunvieh ..................................5047 Brown Swiss ............................. 5049 BueLingo ....................................5052 Charolais ....................................5055 Dexter........................................ 5065 Excellerator................................5067 Galloway ................................... 5070 Gelbvieh.....................................5075 Guernsey ................................... 5080 Hereford ....................................5090 Highland ................................... 5095 Holstein......................................5100 Jersey .........................................5105 Limousin .....................................5115 Lowline ...................................... 5118 Luing .......................................... 5120 Maine-Anjou .............................. 5125 Miniature ...................................5130 Murray Grey ............................... 5135 Piedmontese ..............................5160 Pinzgauer ................................... 5165 Red Poll .......................................5175 Salers ......................................... 5185 Santa Gertrudis .........................5188 Shaver Beefblend ...................... 5195 Shorthorn.................................. 5200 Simmental..................................5205 South Devon .............................. 5210 Speckle Park .............................. 5215 Tarentaise ..................................5220 Texas Longhorn .......................... 5225 Wagyu ........................................5230 Welsh Black................................ 5235 Cattle Various ............................5240 Cattle Wanted ............................5245 Cattle Events & Seminars .................................. 5247 Horses Auction Sales .............................5305 American Saddlebred ................5310 Appaloosa .................................. 5315 Arabian ......................................5320 Belgian ....................................... 5325 Canadian .................................... 5327 Clydesdale .................................5330 Donkeys ..................................... 5335 Haflinger ....................................5345 Holsteiner .................................. 5355 Miniature ...................................5365 Morgan ....................................... 5375 Mules......................................... 5380 Norwegian Fjord ........................5385 Paint.......................................... 5390 Palomino ....................................5395 Percheron ................................. 5400 Peruvian.................................... 5405 Ponies ....................................... 5408 Quarter Horse ............................ 5415 Shetland.....................................5420 Sport Horses ..............................5424 Standardbred............................ 5430 Tennessee Walker ......................5445 Thoroughbred ........................... 5450 Welsh .........................................5455 Horses Various.......................... 5460 Horses Wanted ..........................5465 Horse Events, Seminars.................. 5467 Horse Hauling ........................... 5469 Harness & Vehicles ....................5470 Saddles ...................................... 5475 Sheep Auction Sales .............................5505 Arcott .........................................5510 Columbia....................................5520
y. e v sur / o t ur . on r.com o g e o y L uce Tak urve d ro ts r p . o w sh ww
2 in ad! w r toA car e t En 0 VIS $5
Dorper ........................................ 5527 Dorset ........................................5530 Katahdin.....................................5550 Lincoln ....................................... 5553 Suffolk....................................... 5580 Texel Sheep ................................5582 Sheep Various........................... 5590 Sheep Wanted............................5595 Sheep Events, Seminars................... 5597 Sheep Service, Supplies ...................................5598 Swine Auction Sales ............................ 5605 Wild Boars .................................5662 Swine Various ............................5670 Swine Wanted ............................ 5675 Swine Events, Seminars ..................5677 Poultry Baby Chicks ...............................5710 Ducks & Geese ...........................5720 Turkeys.......................................5730 Birds Various ............................. 5732 Poultry Various ..........................5740 Poultry Equipment..................... 5741 Specialty Alpacas ...................................... 5753 Deer............................................ 5757 Elk ..............................................5760 Goats .......................................... 5765 Llama .........................................5770 Rabbits....................................... 5773 Ratite: Emu, Ostrich, Rhea .................... 5775 Yaks ............................................5780 Events & Seminars..................... 5781 Specialty Livestock Equipment. ................................ 5783 Livestock Various ........................5785 Livestock Equipment .................. 5790 Livestock Services & Vet Supplies ..................................... 5792 Lost and Found .............................. 5800 Miscellaneous Articles................... 5850 Misc Articles Wanted ......................5855 Musical ............................................5910 Notices ............................................5925 Oilfield Equipment..........................5935 ORGANIC Certification Services ..................5943 Food .............................................5945 Grains...........................................5947 Livestock ..................................... 5948 Personal (prepaid) ......................... 5950 Personal Various (prepaid)................ 5952 Pest Control ................................... 5960 PETS Registered ....................................5970 Non Registered ............................ 5971 Working Dogs ...............................5973 Pets & Dog Events ........................ 5975 Photography .................................. 5980 Propane ..........................................6000 Pumps ............................................ 6010 Radio, TV & Satellites ....................6040 REAL ESTATE B.C. Properties .............................6110 Commercial Buildings/Land .......................... 6115 Condos/Townhouses ...................6120 Cottages & Lots ............................ 6125 Houses & Lots ..............................6126 Mobile Homes .............................. 6127 Ready To Move ............................. 6128 Resorts .........................................6129 Recreational Property .................6130 Farms & Ranches British Columbia........................ 6131 Alberta ....................................... 6132 Saskatchewan ............................ 6133 Manitoba ....................................6134 Pastures .....................................6136 Wanted .......................................6138 Acreages ....................................6139 Miscellaneous ........................... 6140 RECREATIONAL VEHICLES All Terrain Vehicles ...................... 6161 Boats & Watercraft ...................... 6162 Campers & Trailers ......................6164 Golf Cars ......................................6165 Motor Homes ...............................6166 Motorcycles ................................. 6167 Snowmobiles ...............................6168 Refrigeration .................................. 6180 RENTALS &
ACCOMMODATIONS Apartments & Houses ..................6210 Vacation Accommodations .......................6245 Restaurant Supplies .......................6320 Sausage Equipment ....................... 6340 Sawmills......................................... 6360 Scales ............................................. 6380 PEDIGREED SEED Cereal Seeds Barley ........................................ 6404 Corn...........................................6406 Durum ....................................... 6407 Oats ........................................... 6410 Rye .............................................6413 Triticale ......................................6416 Wheat .........................................6419 Forage Seeds Alfalfa.........................................6425 Annual Forage ........................... 6428 Clover .........................................6431 Grass Seeds .............................. 6434 Oilseeds Canola ...................................... 6440 Flax ........................................... 6443 Pulse Crops Beans ........................................ 6449 Chickpeas ..................................6452 Lentil ..........................................6455 Peas........................................... 6458 Specialty Crops Canary Seeds ............................ 6464 Mustard ......................................6467 Potatoes .................................... 6470 Sunflower...................................6473 Other Specialty Crops................. 6476 COMMON SEED Cereal Seeds ............................... 6482 Forage Seeds............................... 6485 Grass Seeds ................................ 6488 Oilseeds .......................................6491 Pulse Crops ................................. 6494 Various .........................................6497 Organic Seed ................. See Class 5947 FEED MISCELLANEOUS Feed Grain................................... 6505 Hay & Straw .................................6510 Pellets & Concentrates ................ 6515 Fertilizer...................................... 6530 Feed Wanted ............................... 6540 Seed Wanted ................................6542 Sewing Machines ............................6710 Sharpening Services ....................... 6725 Sporting Goods ...............................6825 Outfitters .....................................6827 Stamps & Coins .............................. 6850 Swap................................................6875 Tanks ...............................................6925 Tarpaulins .......................................6975 Tenders............................................7025 Tickets .............................................7027 Tires ............................................... 7050 Tools ............................................... 7070 Travel...............................................7095 Water Pumps...................................7150 Water Treatment ............................ 7200 Welding ...........................................7250 Well Drilling ................................... 7300 Winches.......................................... 7400 CAREERS Career Training .............................. 8001 Child Care....................................... 8002 Construction ..................................8004 Domestic Services .........................8008 Farm / Ranch .................................. 8016 Forestry / Logging .......................... 8018 Help Wanted .................................. 8024 Management ...................................8025 Mining .............................................8027 Oilfield ........................................... 8030 Professional ....................................8032 Sales / Marketing ...........................8040 Trades / Technical .......................... 8044 Truck Drivers .................................. 8046 Employment Wanted (prepaid) ..................................... 8050
44 CLASSIFIED ADS
THE WESTERN PRODUCER, THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 2013
SASKATCHEWAN COUNTRY MUSIC ASSOCIATION, Country Music Gospel Showcase, Sunday, April 28, 2013, Saskatoon. For details check out BERTradio, www.bertradio-online.com This ad is paid for by BERTradio. SASKATCHEWAN COUNTRY MUSIC Awards and Country Music Festival, Saskatoon, SK., April 26-28, 2013. For more info: www.bertradio-online.com This ad is paid for by BERTradio.
1972 CESSNA 150L, TTSN 1400 hrs., 0-320 Lycoming 150 HP, TT 900 hrs., LR tanks, intercom push to talk, tow hook, always hangared, $38,000. Call: 306-255-2611, 306-280-3231, Colonsay, SK. 1962 COMANCHE 250, good aircraft, don’t fly enough, $62,999.99 OBO. Trades? David Clark H10-60 and bag, $250 OBO. MX11 Com 760 LED flipflop, spare, w/tray, $800 OBO. 250-426-5118, 250-421-1484. AIRPORT TUGGERS, one propane $4500 and one diesel powered $9500. 1997 F450 4x4 diesel, airport fire truck, 2000 original kms, $30,000. 306-668-2020, Saskatoon, SK. www.northtownmotors.com AIRPLANE HANGAR, located at CYXE Saskatoon. 1470 sq. ft. (42x35’), concrete floor, Diamond aviation bi-fold door, $90,000 plus GST. For details and pics call/text: 306-717-0709. 1971 CESSNA 150L, 3769 TTSN, 1864 SMOH, Reg. #GNJW, $18,000 OBO. Moosomin, SK. 306-435-2090, 306-435-7384.
STINSON PARTS: wings, fuselage, horizontal stabilizer, elevators, nose bowl, top cowl, etc. 250-991-7958, Quesnel, BC.
AN GEL ’S CO UN TRY CREATIO N S AN TIQ UE STO RE D ISP ERSAL
STINSON 108-3 AF, 2365 TT, engine 165 Franklin TT 998, 88 STOH, recovered 2005, float kit, engine parts, wheel pants, 2 props, $32,000. 250-991-7958 Quesnel BC
D eW in ton Com m u n ity H a ll, 1,00 Alb erta - Sou th of Ca lga ry P LUS0
1965 182H, 3700 TT, 1000 SMOH, 20 1969 CESSNA 185 AMPHIBIAN A185E, SPOH, orig. paint, basic avionics, Mode C, 1319 TTSN, prop-0T, hangered, VORx2, ve r y c l e a n , f r e s h a n nu a l , $ 5 7 , 5 0 0 . GPS, AP, ADF, storm scope, radar altime- 403-934-4880, Strathmore, AB. ter, transponder, intercomx4, audio gear position, exc. cond., $189,900. Call Allan Rutherford, 204-256-1508, Winnipeg, MB. 1946 TAYLORCRAFT BC-12D, 65 HP, 1642 TTSN, 44.2 hrs. since complete no expense spared ground up restoration incl. engine. New wing, tail and windshield covers, A1500A skis w/new bottoms, $29,000. ANTIQUE SALE, April 26-27, D-Company Call 780-639-3681, Cold Lake, AB. Armouries, 9005 101 St., Grande Prairie, AB. Great selection of furniture, jewellery, 1970 BEECHCRAFT SIERRA, 200 HP, 3455 coins, stamps, toys and dolls, fine glass TT, 360 hrs. SMOH. Call 204-623-2947, and china, vintage stove restoration, rustic The Pas, MB. For pictures and equipment and country collectibles and more. Show email: firstname.lastname@example.org hours Friday, April 26th, 10 AM-8 PM, Sat., STARTER AIRPLANE. Looking for Cessna Apr. 27th 10 AM - 5 PM. Admission $3. For 150/152/172, Cherokee 140. Call Ryan bookings or info. call 780-987-2071. 306-961-2240, Prince Albert, SK. LARGE ANTIQUE AUCTION for Dallas and 1975 M20F MOONEY, 2121 TT, 314 eng. the Late Irene Loken, Saturday, April 27th, hrs., 200 HP, full electronics, Garmin GPS, 2013, St. George’s Parish Hall, Assiniboia, SK. Starting at 9:00 AM outside with small one owner. 306-873-5573, Tisdale, SK. shop tools, moving inside at 10:00 AM 150 HP FRANKLIN engine, 1146.32 hrs., with a small amount of household and complete running, firewall forward, $4000 then on to a large amount of antiques. A OBO; Pair of Stinson wings to be recov- very interesting sale. For more info conered, $4000. 780-812-1111, Bonnyville, AB tact Dallas 306-642-3123, 306-642-4828. Auction at 306-263-4625. 1970 PA39, turbo twin Comanche, CR, Packet-Bushell www.packetbushellauction.com 4580 TT, new interior, NDH, rare aircraft. Check Limerick, SK. PL 328359. Call 306-752-4909, Melfort, SK.
SAT. AP RIL 27, 201 3 @ 9:00 AM
H orse Related,Collector Dolls, ITEM S! Carriages,Clocks,Crocks, Pottery,A rtw ork,Pictures,Lam ps, Lanterns,Toys,H andbags,Jew elry, H oliday G iftw are,G lassw are,Brass O rnam ents,Law n O rnam ents, Im plem entSeats,Taxiderm y,Furniture, and H uge selection ofCollectibles.
b o d n a r u sa u ctio n eer in g .co m O ffice:30 6-975 -90 5 4 (30 6)227-95 0 5 1 -877-494-BID S(2437) PL #318200 SK PL #324317 A B
RESTORED COLLECTION OF TRACTORS. Have 8 JD tractors from 1937 to 1958, restored, in exc. running cond., always shedded except during shows. Morinville, AB., 780-222-6034, email@example.com QTY. OF ANTIQUE TRACTORS including: 2JD 620’s, JD L, JD B, Cockshutt 30. Call Hodgins Auctioneers 1-800-667-2075. PL#915407. JD 3020, JD 4010 LPG, JD M, JD 4200, JD 70 row crop, Versatile SP combine hydro. 403-394-4401, Lethbridge, AB.
FORD 8 NB, new battery, tires and paint, w/cultivator, plow and scoop, $4000 OBO. Ph. 306-365-4676, Lanigan, SK. or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
1985 GMC 6000 dsl., w/B&H, rebuilt motor, runs well, shedded. MH 44 Special, w/belt pulley, full fenders, nice shape, shedded. Belle City 22” separator, Hart feeder and elevator, Waterloo blower, all belts, some twine, good working order, shedded, on rubber tires. JD 3 PTH, 8’ toolbar. Belt pulley for JD 4010 tractor, PTO drive, like new. Located in Alberta. 403-947-2117, 250-428-4012. No Saturday calls please.
ADRIAN’S MAGNETO SERVICE Guaranteed repairs on mags and ignitors. Repairs. Parts. Sales. 204-326-6497. Box 21232, Steinbach, MB. R5G 1S5. TRACTORS: JD D, B, 50, AR, R, 730, 720, and A; Oliver 99, 80, 2844; Case VAC and D. 204-546-2661, Grandview, MB. JD MODEL G row crop tractor w/hyd. and 1949 MINNEAPOLIS U with built in hyd. PTO, 13x38 tires, electric start, S/N #28278, running condition, $3250 OBO. and PTO. Call 306-722-3773, Osage, SK. 306-752-9253, Melfort, SK. NEW TRACTOR PARTS and specializing in hard to find engine rebuild kits. Also McCORMICK-DEERING THRESHING outfit: Steiner Dealer. Great savings. Service 1957 threshing machine 28x46, threshed manuals and decal sets. Our 39th year. only 400 acres; 10’ power binder, very w w w. d i a m o n d f a r m t r a c t o r p a r t s . c o m good cond; 1946 W-6 tractor, good cond. 1-800-481-1353 All used in 2011. 306-563-3047 Canora, SK WANTED: OIL PAN, fenders for 1939 NUFFIELD 10/60 2WD antique tractor. For 1 0 - 2 0 M c C o r m i c k t r a c t o r. P a u l a t more info. call Hodgins Auctioneers, Mel204-324-7012, St. Joseph, MB. fort, SK. 1-800-667-2075, PL #915407. 1948 JOHN DEERE D, stored indoors, exc. 1929 HART PARR 1836 tractor, complete, condition, $4500 OBO. Near Regina, SK. running, $10,000; 1945 Oliver 70, repaintContact 832-799-9008. ed, $3000; 1950 Gibson Model I, total resLH 414, LPTO, 3 PTH, belt pulley, exc. toration, $18,000. All great condition and cond., $4000; JD H, elec. start, new tires, OBO. 403-227-2268, Innisfail, AB. restored, $6000; Farmall SMD, runs well, 930 CASE TRACTOR; Cockshutt 35 tractor; $1500. Ron 306-293-2925, Bracken, SK. Massey 48 combine; Hay cutter. Call ClarJOHN DEERE M, restored, 3 PTH for sale ence at 306-382-8666, Warman, SK. or swap for a JD D. Call 306-654-2096, 1949 JD STYLED AR, 100% restored; Case 306-654-7733, Prud’homme, SK. Model D tractor to restore. Call MH GP 85% complete, rubber 66” tread; 306-332-2536, Fort Qu’Appelle, SK. MM 17-30 Type B cross mount, built 6-29; Hart Parr 18-36 complete. All running and shedded. 403-782-2231 after 8 PM 1954 CASE DC4 p/w gas eng. For more in- 1929 MODEL A Tudor original car, always fo. call Hodgins Auctioneers, Melfort, SK. kept inside, from third owner, $12,500. 780-847-3792, Marwayne, AB. 1-800-667-2075, PL #915407.
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THE WESTERN PRODUCER, THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 2013
S w a p M eet â€“ M a y 3-4, W es tern er Pa rk , Red Deer 7TH ANNUAL W ILLYS W EEKEND SHOW & TELL
In c onjunc tion w ith the M ounta in V iew Pis tons S a tu rd a y, Ju n e 15 Regis tra tio n 9 :00 S ho w 10:00 â€“ 3:00 Old s , AB Co n ta ctDo n n a (403) 946-5286 w w w .a n tique w illys .co m
CLASSIFIED ADS 45
I BUY ESTATES, collections, artifacts, signs, tin, old firearms, stamps, postcards, ethnic furniture, pioneer items, plus. Reply to: Box 5574, c/o The Western Producer, Saskatoon, SK. S7K 2C4
COLLECTOR CAR AUCTION
WASH BOARD; Old wood stove; Electric cream separator; Sewing machine; Old dresser with mirror. Call Clarence at 306-382-8666, Warman, SK.
HELD INDOOR S EXHIBITION P LACE R ed R iver Exhib ition P a rk W innip eg, M a nitob a
FR ID AY M AY 10TH V IEW IN G : 5- 10 PM
JIMâ€™S CLASSIC CORNER, a selling service for classic and antique automobiles, trucks, boats. 204-997-4636, Winnipeg MB
MANZâ€™S AUCTIONEERING SERVICE, Saturday, April 27, 2013, 10:00 AM, Acreage Auction for Francis Ames, Davidson, SK. 45 acres with house, heated garage, quonset, barn and cattle sheds, 2 wells, dugout, landscaped with many trees, household and collectible items, t o o l s , e t c . w w w. m a n z a u c t i o n . c o m 306-567-2990. PL #914036.
COLLECTOR CAR AUCTION, May 10th and 11th, Red River Exhibition Park, Winnipeg, Manitoba. Now accepting consignments. D o n â€™ t d e l a y c o n s i g n t o d a y ! D av i d 306-693-4411 or 306-631-7207, PL# 329773 www.thecollectorcargroup.com
RESCHEDULED - Don and Maureen Storry Farm Auction at Bethune, SK has been rescheduled to June 4, 2013. Johnstone Au c t i o n M a r t L t d . , 3 0 6 - 6 9 3 - 4 7 1 5 . www.johnstoneauction.ca PL #914447.
MERCURY M3 ONE ton p/w flat head, V8 gas eng. Call Hodgins Auctioneers, Melfort, SK. 1-800-667-2075, PL #915407.
1975 GMC CABOVER, 350 DD, 13 spd., 40,000 rears; 1957 Dodge D700 tandem, 354 Hemi, 5&3 trans., 34,000 rears; 1971 GMC longnose tandem, 318 DD, 4x4 trans. Sterling 306-539-4642, Regina, SK. www.sterlingoldcarsandtrucks.com O L D M O T O R C Y C L E S O R PA R T S WANTED, any condition, size or make. 1979 or older. Will pickup, pay cash. Call Wes 403-936-5572 anytime, Calgary, AB.
24/ 7 O N LIN E BID D IN G
BIDS CLOSE: APRIL 22n d@ 12PM Em e ra ld Pa rk, SASK.
ARCHWAY ANTIQUE AND COLLECTIBLE Sale, Saturday, May 4th, 10 to 5; Sunday May 5th, 10 to 4, Caledonian Curling Club, 2225 Sandra Schmirler Way, Regina, SK. Door prizes, free parking. Admission: Adults $5, weekend pass $8. Table info, 306-545-0414. FOR SALE TRACTOR and machinery manuals, 1944 and up. 306-682-3055, Humboldt, SK. WANTED: TRACTOR MANUALS, sales brochures, tractor catalogs. 306-373-8012, Saskatoon, SK.
NEW M cDouga ll Auction e e rs W a re h ous e ! Fea tu rin g: 2006 Chevro letE q u in o x; 2007 Do d ge 1500; E a s y K leen M a gn u m Go ld Pres s u re W a s her (Bla ck); 6 Vo lt E lectric Bla ck Rid e On Ca r; W a terlo o Red 2 Dra w er T o o l Ca b in et W ith W heels ; 1 Ben ch T o o l Bo x K it; Bu n n -O-M a ticT w o Co ffee Po t W a rm er; Hyd ra u lic Ja ck W ith S ta n d In Ca rryin g Ca s e; On lin e S to ra ge W a rs & M u ch M o re! Do n â€™t M is s Ou t On Ou r On lin e Flo o rin g S a le Clo s in g April 22. Ca ll N o w To Bo o k Yo u r L ive o r On lin e Au ctio n !
OLD OIL MAPS; Older Sears catalogues; Antique window; Wooden spools; Homemade soap 306-654-4802 Prudâ€™Homme SK WANTED: RED INDIAN/ McColl Frontenac porcelain signs plus original bear traps. Phone 306-931-8478. ANTIQUES ESTATE SALE: May 22 to May 25, 2013. Call Clarence at 306-382-8666, Warman, SK.
M AY 10 & 11, 2013
P H: (306) 75 7-175 5 orTOLL FR EE (8 00) 2 63-4193 W W W .M CD O UG ALLBAY.CO M
S ATUR D AY M AY 11TH DO O R S O PEN : 8 AM
AUCTIO N S TAR TS : 10 AM S EL L IN G UN RES ERV ED: 1965 C o rve tte * 1946 C he v Pa n e l * 1967 Po n tia c G TO * 2000 Pro w le r c /w M a tc hin g Fa c to ry Tra ile r * 1956 C a ta lin a 2 DR Ha rd to pÂ * 1973 C ha lle n ge r * 1970 440 C ha rge r * 1969 Ro a d Ru n n e r C o n ve rtib le * 1957 C he v 4 Dr Ha rd to p * 1967 Im pa la S .S C o n ve rtib le Â * 1972 C he v. Re s to . Ro d Pic ku p * 193 4 Fo rd Ro a d s te r * 1971 G M C 1/2 to n * 1977 Je e p 4x4 Pic ku p *Â M o re En trie s Â :Â 28 Ro a d s te r Pic ku p * 1992 Ro lls Ro yc e * 1960 C a d illa c C o u pe De V ille * 1957 Ba b y T-Bird * I965 M u s ta n g Fa s tb a c k *1969 S u pe r Be e * 1957 C he v 2 Dr. Ha rd To p *Â 1957 C he v. No m a d * 1960 Im pa la 3 48 C o n ve rtib le * 1969 Po n tia c Ju d ge * 1964 Im pa la S .S *Â PL US M AN Y M ORE Ad m is s ion: $15 .00 (w ristb a n d go o d fo rw eeken d ) Child ren 12 & u n d er: Free w hen a cco m pa n ied b y a pa ren t. Cheques W ill B e Accepted a tThe Auction W ith: An Irrevoca b le B a nk Letter Of Cred it.
NOW ACCEPTING CONSIGNMENTS DONâ€™T DELAY CONSIGN TODAY! For m ore inform a tion ca ll: Da vid : (306) 693- 4411 (306) 631- 72 07 w w w.thecollectorca rgroup .com THE COLLECTOR CAR GR OUP P L#32 9773 PBR FARM AND INDUSTRIAL SALE, last Saturday of each month. Ideal for farmers, contractors, suppliers and dealers. Consign now. Next sale April 27, 9:00 AM. PBR, 105- 71st St. West, Saskatoon, SK., www.pbrauctions.com 306-931-7666.
L IC.#31448 0
a trip to
NELSONâ€™S AUCTION SERVICE UPCOMING AUCTIONS, April 20, Saturday, 10 A.M. Don Teneycke Estate and Debra Teneycke Dispersal at Young, SK. Includes grain bins, farm equipment and misc., yard equipment. Vehicles, carpentry tools; April 27, Saturday, 9 A.M. Jim Coulter Auction at Watrous, SK; May 4, Saturday, 10 A.M. 21st Annual Exotic Bird and Animal at Meacham, SK; May 11, Saturday 10 A.M. Dave Coutts Estate and Mrs. Elizabeth Coutts dispersal at Watrous, SK; June 8, Saturday, 10 A.M. Winkel Bros. Farm Dispersal at Pilger, SK.; June 22, Saturday, 9 A.M. 21st Annual June Auction at Meacham, SK (consign now). See: www.nelsonsauction.com for a complete listing. PL#911669 RESCHEDULED: Steve and Janet Mackow Farm Sale, Central Butte, SK. rescheduled to June 3, 2013. For more information Johnstone Auction Mart, 306-693-4715, PL #914447 or www.johnstoneauction.ca SUPREME AUCTION SERVICES will conduct an equipment auction for Harry Schiller and guest consigners, Grenfell SK., 10 AM, Saturday, April 27. Directions: 4 miles South, 1 mile East, 1/2 mile South of Oakshela. Trucks and Trailers: 2008 Dodge Ram 2500 SLT crewcab pickup, dsl., 6 spd std., ACT, shows 93,953 kms at time of listing (truck sells subject to owners approval); 1996 Dodge 4x4 pickup, requires Sask. Certification, shows 60,000 kms at time of listing; 1990 Sooner 3 horse slant GN trailer, change room/tack, alum.; 8x22â€™ shop built flatdeck trailer; alum. fuel tank. Horses: 15 yr. old brown gelding, 16 HH, well broke; finished heading horse, quiet and gentle; 11 yr. old Sorrel gelding, 15.2 HH; seasoned Ranch horse, quiet and gentle. Tractors, Skidsteers and Quads: 1984 JD 2750 dsl. w/146 loader, 3 PTH, shows 5350 hrs. at time of listing; Ford 16 HP garden tractor with tiller and lawn mower; White 16 HP riding lawn mower; Honda 4 Trax 4x4 quad; 766 Int. tractor, shows 8796 hrs; 2003 Case 40XT skidsteer, shows 5700 hours. Livestock Equipment: Round bale mover for team of horses; NH 1033 bale wagon; trailer type post pounder; 3 PTH post hole auger; rope maker; 3 PTH blade; cattle squeeze with palpation cage; misc. bale feeders and troughs; Bobsleigh. Horse Tack: Collars; neck yokes; large quantity of tack; horse blankets; bridles; bits; halters; tack boxes; ropes; quantity of old rodeo posters and Western collectibles. Shop Tools: Large selection of shop hand tools; Reddy heater; Oxy acetylene outfit; Beaver drill press drill; Bosch cut off saw; AckLands portable welder; Peter Wright anvil 326. Selection of Household Items including bdrm. suite, furniture, and misc. items. Consignments welcome!!! Ph Ken McDonald 306-695-0121, Brad Stenberg 306-551-9411, Indian Head, SK. PL #314604. www.supremeauctions.ca
CO N S TRUCTIO N EQ UIP M EN T O N LIN E AUCTIO N Clos ing Ap ril 2 9th GET YOUR BID IN TODAY! Con s ign m e n t de a dlin e is Ap ril 19 Pa rtia l Lis tin g So Fa r In clude s : Do o s a n 250V W he e l Lo a d e r; 2008 Fo rd F-550 w / Du m p Bo x; 1987 Fo rd L8000 T/A C o n c re te M ixe rTru c k; 1995 Fo rd L9000 T/A G ra ve l Tru c k; K u b o ta K X 03 3 Exc a va to r; a n d M ORE!
Ge t Your Ite m s In NOW !! CALL R ILEY 306-5 41-92 38 OR TYS ON 306-45 0-002 5
M c D ou g a llAu c tion .c om
A U CTIO
AN N UAL M AY EQ UIP M EN T
TUES D AY M AY 7 TH @ 9:00 AM C S T HW Y #3 EAS T, TIS DALE, S K .
Fa rm M a c hin e ry, * In d u s tria l, * S e e d in g Eq u ip m e n t, Fie ld S p ra ye rs , * Ca rs , * Tru c k s ,Â & M ore .
Due to the la rge a m ountofs now a lotoffa rm ers could notgettheir equipm entinto our a nnua l A pril S pring A uction!
La s t Ch a n ce to Se ll Eq uip m e n t Be fore Se e din g
Ca ll Tod a y for InternetAd vertis ing
MAJOR UNRESERVED EQUIPMENT, TRUCK & TRAILER
TECHNICA in Hanover, Germany!
What you will experience: â€˘ â€˘ â€˘ â€˘ â€˘ â€˘ â€˘ â€˘
November 11 to 18, 2013 AGRITECHNICA is the worldâ€™s largest exhibition for agricultural machinery and equipment.
Airfare & Accommodations 3 full days to explore AGRITECHNICA trade show International conference at AGRITECHNICA AGRITECHNICA - Live Workshops Smart Farming presentations Trip Value Used Machinery Trade Information Center $5,000 Day trip to CLAAS Factory Cropping farm visit
Other tour options also available
To enter visit
producer.com/contest AgriTrade, Leader Tours and The Western Producer have teamed up to bring you this incredible opportunity.
To book a seat for this incredible agricultural experience contact:
121 14th Street, NW Calgary, Alberta 403-270-7044
MAY 1 & 2 @ Camrose, AB Location: 3731 - 42 Ave & 3723 - 42 Ave (A-1 Rentals Yard)
SURPLUS EQUIPMENT FROM THE CONTINUING OPERATIONS OF A-1 GROUP OF COMPANIES, & A COMPLETE DISPERSAL OF THE ESTATE OF L. KOSIK CONSTRUCTION. ALSO INCLUDES SURPLUS EQUIPMENT FROM: ALBERTA CONTRACTORS, FARMERS, & FINANCE COMPANIES ( Open to Consignments - LIST TODAY!)
DAY 1: (MAY 1st) HEAVY EQUIPMENT, RENTAL EQUIPMENT, SKID STEERS, FORKLIFTS, AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT & RVâ€™S
CRAWLER TRACTORS: CAT D8N â€˘ D6R LGP â€˘ CAT D6RXL â€˘ WHEEL LOADERS: CAT 950F â€˘ VOLVO 4300B â€˘ MOTORGRADERS: CAT 140H â€˘ HYDRAULIC EXCAVATORS: CAT 330B â€˘HITACHI X200LC â€˘ LOADER BACKHOE: 2004 TEREX TX760 â€˘ 8 SKID STEER LOADERS â€˘ 13 FORKLIFTS â€˘ COMPACTION EQUIPMENT: BOMAG BW120AD-02 â€˘ RAMMAX T48K2B â€˘ AGGREGATE EQUIPMENT â€˘ FELLER BUNCHER â€˘ TRACTORS: JD 8640 â€˘ JD 8440 â€˘ UNUSED KIOTI â€˘ COMBINE: 2004 JD 9660 STS â€˘ SWATHER: HESSTON 8100 â€˘ AIR SEEDER JD 777 â€˘ CULTIVATOR â€˘ DISKER â€˘ AMMONIA TANK â€˘ ROOT RAKE â€˘ TWO WHEATHEART HEAVY HITTER POST POUNDERS â€˘ LIVESTOCK EQUIPMENT â€˘ VANS â€˘ VEHICLES â€˘ LAWN & GARDEN
DAY 2: (MAY 2nd) MORE THAN 130 SURPLUS TUCKS & TRAILERS FROM A-1 GROUP OF COMPANIES, AREA TRANSPORT COMPANIES, INCLUDING A MAJOR TOW TRUCK DISPERSAL, TRUCK TRACTORS & TRAILERS, PLUS LIGHT TRUCKS & CARS 23 TOW TRUCKS: WESTERN STAR â€˘ 2 PETERBUILTS â€˘ 8 FORDS â€˘ 2 FREIGHTLINERS Í˛ â€˘ 7 INTERNATIONALS â€˘ KENWORTH â€˘ GMC â€˘ 7 TRUCK TRACTORS: TWO 2004 FREIGHTLINER COLOMBIAS â€˘ 3 GRAVEL TRUCKS â€˘ 3 WATER TRUCKS â€˘ VAC TRUCK â€˘ 2 GRAIN TRUCKS â€˘ 5 VAN TRUCKS â€˘ STEEL DECK TRUCK â€˘ STEAM CLEANER TRUCK â€˘ 4 PICKER TRUCKS â€˘ 13 SERVICE TRUCKS â€˘ 14 LIGHT TRUCKS: FORD â€˘ DODGE â€˘ GMC â€˘ CHEV â€˘ 9 CARS: CADILLACS â€˘ LINCOLNS â€˘ PONTIACS â€˘ 64 TRAILERS: GRAVEL â€˘ LOWBOYS â€˘ HIGHBOYS â€˘ VAN â€˘ UTILITY
3+ 0, s !"