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Heritage

6 Loco lines Great railway journeys

Born and bred Famous faces

Magical museums Journey of discovery


Discover a day of history Yorkshire’s rich and varied heritage has produced the county that we celebrate and enjoy today. From the multitude of ancient castles and striking monasteries to the industrial past that has shaped the region, this heritage guide will point you to the best places to explore. This guide also features some of the remarkable people that have hailed from Yorkshire through the ages – including the first ever Briton in space and the gunpowder plot mastermind Guy Fawkes. From royal history to ancient ruins, it’s amazing to think of our county’s diverse background. We hope this guide will inspire you to discover the places where it all happened.

Sir Gary Verity, Chief Executive Welcome to Yorkshire

Front cover image: Fountains Abbey © National Trust Images Chris Lacey. Images this page top to bottom: Cannon Hall © Kyte Photography. Skipton Castle. Staithes © Tony Bartholomew / Turnstone Media. Keld, Swaledale, Yorkshire, England, UK © 2011 photolibrary.com.

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Image: York Minster

Spirit of the County Whether you are interested in regional history and heritage or simply seeking a place of peace and tranquillity, the county’s churches will not disappoint. These impressive and inspirational buildings offer a warm welcome to visitors and an insight into the rich and diverse cultural heritage. 04

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Minsters, Churches and Cathedrals

Beverley Minster

Ripon Cathedral

Halifax Minster

Known as the inspiration for Westminster Abbey; Beverley’s spectacular Minster was completed in 1400. Sitting within this idyllic market town it is often regarded as a gothic masterpiece. Worshippers have offered prayers on this site for 1,300 years, many who visit the church today experience a sense of quiet and spiritual peace within its walls. Visit East Yorkshire to find the town of Beverley with one of the finest Gothic churches in Yorkshire.

Ripon’s stunning cathedral dates back to the 7th century. This amazing building has inspired the likes of Lewis Carroll and Wilfred Owen and continues to inspire and uplift visitors. Today’s church is in fact the fourth to have stood on this site. Saint Wilfrid brought stonemasons, plasterers and glaziers from France and Italy to build his great basilica in AD 672. Why not attend a special music event, explore the ancient crypt, light a candle or simply enjoy the atmosphere.

Nestling in the heart of the Calder Valley there has been a place of worship and prayer at the site of St John the Baptist in Halifax for over 900 years. This handsome 15th Century Grade I listed Parish Church is steeped in history. Visitors can enjoy a tour of the beautiful and historic building and see the stunning stained glass and painted wooden ceiling panels. Don’t forget to look out for the mice carved into the Thompson chairs in the Wellington Chapel.

Sheffield Cathedral

Selby Abbey

York Minster

Sheffield Cathedral has stood at the heart of this vibrant city watching it grow and develop for centuries. There has been worship on this site for over a thousand years, as evidenced by a Saxon Cross now in the British Museum. The Tudor monuments in the Shrewsbury Chapel are magnificent, especially the one commemorating the 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, husband of Bess of Hardwick and guardian of Mary Queen of Scots during her fourteen years of imprisonment in Sheffield.

Founded in 1069 by Monk Benedict of Auxerre, the jewel in Selby’s crown is the stunning 950 year old Abbey that sits in the centre of the town’s marketplace. The size and splendour of the building is a breath-taking sight to all that visit. Interesting features include Norman arches, the large east window and the 14th century Washington window which takes its name from Prior John de Washington whose family tree can be traced to that of George Washington. The Abbey is one of the most notable parish churches.

York Minster is one of the world’s most magnificent cathedrals, with foundations rooted in the nation’s earliest history. Take a two-thousand-year journey through time following in the footsteps of Roman soldiers and discover the stories of people whose lives have been influenced by York Minster. The underground chambers have been totally transformed with dynamic new audio-visual and interactive galleries revealing the significance behind the cathedral’s most treasured artefacts.

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Circle image: Castle Howard’s South Lawn © Andy Bulmer

Yorkshire’s royal past Traces of Yorkshire’s royal past can be found across the county, if you know where to look.

Castle Howard York, North Yorkshire Way back in 1850 Queen Victoria was in the 13th year of her reign, was married to Prince Albert and had given birth to seven children. In the summer of that year her majesty was a guest of the 7th Earl of Carlisle at Castle Howard. It was a private visit to break up her journey from London to Scotland but that did not make the occasion any less momentous. Interiors were redecorated, new marble was ordered for bathrooms, gas lighting was even installed in

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Skipton Castle North Yorkshire Skipton Castle is one of the most complete and best preserved medieval castles in England. Surviving 900 years of turbulent

history and besieged for three years during the English Civil War. It became the last Royalist stronghold in the North. During Tudor times many believe that Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned on the first floor of the Castle and often looked out of the withdrawing room to the north towards Scotland. Visitors can now explore from the depths of the dungeon to the top of the watchtower and see the yew tree which is in the centre of the Conduit Courtyard and was planted by Lady Anne Clifford in 1659.

of the best regal facts Why not visit Carlton Towers where Victoria was filmed or enjoy the royal carriages at the National Railway Museum. Here are some of the best spots to get a flavour of royal Yorkshire.

Carlton Towers was used as a replica for Windsor Castle in the ITV drama Victoria. Used as the home for the young Victoria and where she learnt of her ascension to the throne. If you’re a fan plan a visit.

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the Great Hall. A ring of burners was mounted around the balcony beneath the dome, with 2,000 separate tubes to create 15 illuminated letters that spelt out ‘God Save the Queen’. Crowds of people came from miles around to witness the Queen’s arrival at Castle Howard.

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National Railway Museum home to Queen Victoria’s ‘Palace on Wheels’, Queen Adelaide’s saloon, the oldest preserved carriage in Europe and King Edward VII’s royal carriage. A brilliant day out.

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Shakespeare’s Rose Theatre James I was a patron of Shakespeare’s acting company and Macbeth reflects the pair’s close relationship. The bard’s work can be enjoyed this year at the pop-up theatre in York.

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Stamford Bridge King Harold of England was invaded by Hardrada and his very own brother, Tostig in 1066. The battle was a victory for the King and marked the end of the Viking Age in England.

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NORTHUMBRIA NORMAN & LANCASTER AND VIKINGS PLANTAGENET (1399-1461) (604-1066) (1066-1399)

The Anglo-Saxon and Norman kings of England controlled Yorkshire, leaving it in the hands of powerful local lords, visiting the county infrequently until wars with Scotland during the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries made Yorkshire a royal country once again. The county served as a base for campaigning north of the Border with York as the seat of royal power.

The Wars of the Roses brought the county to the centre of royal affairs once again. The Yorkist dynasty disputed the Lancastrians’ right to the throne, questioning the legitimacy of the first Lancastrian king. Two battles, temporarily determining the fate of the crown, took place in Yorkshire: the Battle of Wakefield (1460) and the Battle of Towton (1461).

TUDOR & STUART (1485-1714)

HANOVER (1714-1901)

HANOVER & WINDSOR (1714-PRESENT)

Although strategically important to them, Tudor monarchs did not warm to a county too often associated with rebellions and plots during their reigns. Tellingly Yorkshire’s castles served as open prisons for Elizabeth I’s rival Mary Queen of Scots. Apart from a period of six months in 1642 when Charles I moved to York to escape the London mob, Yorkshire ceased to be a royal county.

Yorkshire was a source of pleasure and profit for Hanoverian monarchs who came here to race, hunt or shoot while the Yorkshire estates of the Duchy of Lancaster helped to fund the lifestyles of successive monarchs. Yorkshire also provided a quiet spot where the future Edward VII could meet with Lillie Langtry, the most celebrated royal mistress since Nell Gwyn.

The marriage of Princess Mary, to Henry Lascelles, later 6th Earl of Harewood, in 1922 strengthened the bond between the county and royalty. Links with Yorkshire were further strengthened when Katharine Worsley married the Duke of Kent in 1961 – the first Royal wedding at York Minster since Edward III married Philippa of Hainault in 1328.

© 2012 Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

The county witnessed the creation and destruction of British, Northumbrian and Viking kingdoms during the ‘Dark Ages’ that followed the Roman withdrawal. York, former capital of Britannia, was an important seat of royal and ecclesiastical power. From here Erik Bloodaxe ruled the Viking kingdom of Jorvik. The end of his rule in 954 marked the end of Yorkshire royalty.

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Cook at 250 The Yorkshire coast may be famed for its breathtaking views, awardwinning beaches and mouthwatering fish and chips, but its rich and varied maritime history is definitely something to shout about. Set in a 17th century house on the east side of Whitby, the Captain Cook Memorial Museum is a treasure trove of historical artefacts and atmospheric surroundings. The harbour-side ‘Walker’s House’ at the head of the characterful Grape Lane, is where the young James Cook lived, studied and worked. It has been carefully restored to its former glory as the home of prosperous Quaker shipowner, Captain John Walker, whom the teenaged Cook served as an apprentice to, and after who the house is now named. Even the courtyard garden through which you enter is well stocked with 18th century plants. As you move through the house, you can follow the life and career of arguably Yorkshire’s most notable explorer with each floor you visit.

Voyage of discovery Explore a treasure trove of artefacts and discover one of the world’s greatest explorers in the heart of Whitby.

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View from the harbour Be sure to take a look at the famed ‘Attic,’ the former sleeping quarters of all of Walker’s young apprentices. The space now houses the museum’s special exhibitions, with views across the harbour.

Amazing artefacts The museum has a collection of materials, including letters, maps, charts and other documents, providing a detailed look at Captain Cook’s voyages. There are also several enigmatic portraits.

Magnificent models Captain Cook wouldn’t have ventured far without a ship, be sure to check out some of the museum’s highly detailed models and find out what made these Whitby-built ships so ideal for sailing the high seas.

The Endeavour With 2018 marking the 250th anniversary of Captain Cook’s first voyage, the Endeavour will drop its anchor in Whitby. Not the actual ship of course, but a restored replica of the original which will serve as a historic floating museum.

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Image: Hull Marina © Neil Holmes.

Make time for Maritime

Hull Maritime Museum

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Hull, East Yorkshire

Scarborough Maritime Heritage Centre

Hull’s Maritime Museum is housed within the Victorian Dock Offices in Hull’s Queen Victoria Square and covers all of the city’s maritime activity from the late 18th century to the present day. Learn about the whaling industry and view the largest collection of scrimshaw in Europe and discover the full history of the North Sea fishing industry.

Scarborough, East Yorkshire Working closely with the surrounding coastal community the centre is actively engaged in promoting Scarborough’s extensive historical and cultural life. Some of the exhibitions that have featured previously include Shipbuilding, Smuggling, World War One and The RNLI Lifeboat, so there will always be something on offer.

Zetland Lifeboat Museum

Old Coastguard Station

Redcar, North Yorkshire

Robin Hood’s Bay, North Yorkshire

Built in 1802, the Zetland is the oldest surviving lifeboat in the world and is credited with saving over 500 lives from the dark depths of the stormy North Sea. The boat may be the star of the show, but the museum also houses a wealth of local maritime and historical artefacts, including a replica of a fisherman’s cottage circa early 1900.

Originally a pub in the 1800s, the building has had many different functions over the years besides that of its namesake, a coastguard station. Today it is an interactive museum where you can make waves, generate wind power, and come face to face with all sorts of critters from nearby rockpools. A fun place to visit with curious youngsters and adults alike.

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Industrial Yorkshire

Yorkshire was very much at the heart of the Industrial Revolution, many have even argued it started here owing to its long-standing history of coal mining. Regardless of its origins, the remnants of Yorkshire’s thriving industrial beginnings are numerous. Wherever you find yourself in the county, you’re never too far from a slice of the past. The National Coal Mining Museum in Wakefield offers something for everyone, with the main draw being your chance to go down t’pit! Learn how mining changed through the decades and the impact machinery had on safety and welfare. The ‘Living History’ volunteers provide an interactive insight into the mining community and you can see some of the impressive equipment used to acquire the once highly sought-after fossil fuel. There’s also a café and impressive adventure playground to ensure you can really make a day of it.

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A thriving industrial past

Elsecar Heritage Centre

Worsbrough Mill

Kelham Island Museum

Barnsley, South Yorkshire The charming conservation village of Elsecar in Barnsley is home to the Elsecar Heritage Centre, a once flourishing hub of industry. The centre is a unique attraction, offering visitors a wide range of activities from browsing the old workshops (now housing shops, cafes, and an antique centre), a park complete with children’s playground and a pitch and putt golf course, a canal and a nature reserve.

Barnsley, South Yorkshire Worsbrough Mill and Country Park is a 17th century working water mill set in 240 acres of tranquil country park. Visitors can tour the working water mill and learn about the milling process, following it from beginning to end or enjoy a leisurely day out exploring the country park either on foot or by bicycle. The 60 acre reservoir is a haven for wildlife and regularly attracts birdwatchers and anglers.

Sheffield, South Yorkshire Kelham Island Museum in Sheffield is situated upon one of the oldest industrial sites in the area. Man-made in the 1100s, the island eventually ended up accommodating a corn mill, waterwheel, a grinding workshop, iron works and finally an electricity station which was built to provide power for the city’s tram system. There are galleries, shops and eateries, definitely an island worth taking a trip to.

Abbeydale Industrial Hamlet

Salts Mill

Leeds Industrial Museum

Saltaire, West Yorkshire Yorkshire is lucky enough to have not one but two UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Built in 1851 by Sir Titus Salt, he chose the spot near Shipley to build his business, namely a large textile mill by the Leeds and Liverpool Canal. He also built cottages for his workers as well as a hospital and a library. If you’re planning on visiting this area then a trip to Salts Mill is a must.

Leeds, West Yorkshire Leeds Industrial Museum, once one of the world’s largest woollen mills it is now a museum which explores Leeds’ industrial past, covering textiles, printing, engineering, photography and film. Located between the River Aire and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, there’s also a working water wheel, the only remaining one of five used to power the mill.

Sheffield, South Yorkshire Abbeydale Industrial Hamlet is worth a visit if you’re in South Yorkshire. A unique 18th century industrial works, it once produced agricultural tools via the largest water-powered site on the River Sheaf. See waterwheels, workshops, workers’ cottages, and the last surviving crucible steel furnace in the country.

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North Yorkshire Moors Railway © Graham Staples

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Loco Lines

Yorkshire has some of the best heritage railways in the world offering a lovely day out for all.

2 1 North Yorkshire Moors Railway Pickering-Whitby, North Yorkshire Hop aboard the North Yorkshire Moors Railway and experience one of the most popular heritage railway lines in the world. Running through the heart of the moors, this 24 mile journey will take you through areas of incredible beauty such as Levisham, Newton Dale Holt, Goathland and Grosmont.

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Keighley & Worth Valley Railway Keighley-Oxenhope, West Yorkshire Travel back in time on the railway most famous for its role in the 1970 version of Edith Nesbit’s story, The Railway Children. Relive this well-loved tale as you watch the vintage steam trains puff their way in and out of the valley through the heart of Brontë Country.

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5 Elsecar Heritage Railway Elsecar nr Barnsley, South Yorkshire The Elsecar Heritage Railway is laid upon the former Elsecar Branch of the South Yorkshire Railway which opened in 1850. It’s now run by a group of volunteers committed to the preservation, restoration and expansion of this preserved railway in South Yorkshire.

3 Embsay and Bolton Abbey Railway Embsay, nr Skipton, North Yorkshire © 2014 Andrew Littlewood

This railway runs for 4 miles between the award winning station at Bolton Abbey and Embsay station built in 1988. Ride upon the beautifully restored Victorian and Edwardian carriages and enjoy a unique view of some of Yorkshire’s finest countryside.

6 National Railway Museum York, North Yorkshire Experience over 300 years of history in York’s National Railway Museum. Marvel at the iconic locomotives and railway legends including the majestic Duchess of Hamilton, the impressive Japanese Bullet Train or the stunning Royal trains. There’s even a platform restaurant serving delicious food and an opportunity for children to let off steam in the outdoor play area.

4 Kirklees Light Railway Huddersfield, West Yorkshire Enjoy a ride behind Hawk, Owl, Fox, Badger, Jay or Katie, the friendly little engines at the home of Yorkshire’s Great Little Steam Trains. Climb aboard for a scenic journey along the narrow-gauge railway, through the beautiful South Pennine foothills.

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How we used to live In the hustle and bustle of modern life it’s hard to imagine a world without many of the things we take for granted today. Yorkshire has an array of museums that take you back to a simpler time and show visitors how the people of your county used to live. Main image: Ribblehead Viaduct. Considered to be the “last great work in Britain executed by navvies” – the viaduct is 400m in length and was built by more than 2,300 men. The story of this painstaking build and the community that lived, thrived and worked in the shadow of the viaduct was the inspiration to the ITV drama Jericho.

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See how we lived...

Experience Barnsley Museum and Discovery Centre

Dales Countryside Museum Hawes, North Yorkshire

An award-winning centre where visitors enjoy the incredible story of this Yorkshire city, told by the people that live and work there. Interactive galleries and exhibitions take visitors on a journey through the ages.

Dales Countryside Museum tells the fascinating story of the Yorkshire Dales and the people who have lived and worked there. There is lots to do all around the museum including a creation station onboard an old locomotive carriage, drystone walling demonstrations and outdoor woodland trails.

JORVIK Viking Centre

Ryedale Folk Museum

York, North Yorkshire

Hutton-Le-Hole, North Yorkshire

No trip to Yorkshire would be complete without a trip to the JORVIK Viking Centre. Jump aboard the moving time capsule and enjoy an immersive journey into the past and enjoy the sights, sounds and smells of the viking city. Also on display is the incredible Coppergate dig discovered in the 1970s.

You won’t be disappointed by a trip to this captivating collection of historical buildings nestled within the picturesque North York Moors National Park. See thatched cottages, workshops, barns, an Elizabethan manor house, there are even a few animals to say hello to (look out for Puss the cat!).

The Hands on History Museum

Abbey House Museum

Hull, East Yorkshire

An award-winning, family friendly, interactive museum. Set inside Kirkstall Abbey’s former gatehouse, visitors can step back in time and wander through the enchanting streets, shops and houses and experience life as a Victorian. Afterwards, why not take a stroll through the stunning Kirkstall Abbey and its surrounding parkland?

© David Lindsay

© www.rjbphotographic.co.uk

Barnsley, South Yorkshire

Housed in Hull’s old Grammar School where William Wilberforce studied. You can glimpse into the story of Hull in Victorian times including clothes they wore and games they played. There is also an Egyptian Gallery, home to a 2,600 year old mummy.

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Leeds, West Yorkshire

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Stately Homes

Image: Ripley Castle

BURTON CONSTABLE HALL

HAREWOOD HOUSE

ELIZABETHAN HOUSE FULL OF SPLENDOUR

MAGNIFICENT HOME OF THE EARL AND COUNTESS OF HAREWOOD

Set in 300 acres of parkland, Burton Constable maintains the atmosphere of a home and offers unrivalled access to 30 rooms of faded splendor filled with fine furniture, paintings and sculpture.

Admire Chippendale furniture while exploring the state rooms and below stairs; afterwards enjoy awardwinning gardens, a woodland walk or the bird garden.

Burton Constable, Hull HU11 4LN Tel: 01964 562400 www.burtonconstable.com

Harewood, Leeds LS17 9LG Tel: 0113 2181010 www.harewood.org

NEWBY HALL & GARDENS

BURTON AGNES HALL & GARDENS

EUROPE’S LONGEST DOUBLE HERBACEOUS BORDERS

MAGNIFICENT HOUSE FILLED WITH TREASURES

Elegant 17th century house with Adam interiors set in 25 acres of beautiful gardens. Plus a sculpture park, children’s adventure garden and miniature railway.

An Elizabethan house filled with treasures collected over four centuries - original carvings and plasterwork to modern and impressionist paintings.

Ripon HG4 5AE Tel: 01423 322583 www.newbyhall.com

Burton Agnes, Driffield YO25 4NB Tel: 01262 490324 www.burton-agnes.com

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TREASURER’S HOUSE

CONSTABLE BURTON HALL & GARDENS

CASTLE HOWARD

WONDERFUL HOUSE BUILT OVER A ROMAN ROAD

ROMANTIC GARDEN IN 18TH CENTURY PARKLAND

Named after the Treasurers of York Minster and built over a Roman Road, the house is not all that it seems. Nestled behind the Minster, the size, splendor and contents are a constant surprise to visitors.

Fine trees, woodland walks, garden trails, extensive shrubs and roses. Set in the Wensleydale countryside. Impressive daffodil and tulip displays thrill visitors every year as well as many other seasonal delights.

18TH CENTURY HOUSE WITH BREATHTAKING VISTAS

Minister Yard, York YO1 7JL Tel: 01904 624247 www.nationaltrust.org.uk

Constable Burton, Leyburn, North Yorkshire DL8 5LJ Tel: 01677 450428

Castle Howard Estate York YO60 7DA Tel: 01653 648333 www.castlehoward.co.uk

KIPLIN HALL

SUTTON PARK

SLEDMERE HOUSE

COUNTRY HOUSE BUILT BY FOUNDER OF MARYLAND

30 ROOMS OF HISTORICAL SPLENDOUR

FANTASTIC HOUSE BUILT IN MEDIEVAL YORKSHIRE

A fine Jacobean house with 400 years of family contents. There are beautiful walks around the lake, through the woodland and grounds and in the garden itself.

A charming lived-in house, built in 1730 by Thomas Atkinson. It has award-winning gardens, a tearoom, woodland walk and children’s adventure playground.

Near Scorton, Richmond, North Yorkshire DL10 6AT Tel: 01748 818178 www.kiplinhall.co.uk

Sutton on the Forest, York YO61 1DP Tel: 01347 810249 www.statelyhome.co.uk

There has been a house at Sledmere since medieval times. The main part of the house on view contains splendid furnishings in the Chippendale, French and Adam styles.

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Enjoy outdoor tours and on-going exhibitions. There’s shops and cafes, including a Plant Centre and Farm Shop, plus an adventure playground and boat trips on the lake.

Sledmere, Driffield YO25 3XG Tel: 01377 236637 www.sledmerehouse.com

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BRODSWORTH NUNNINGTON HALL & HALL GARDENS

EAST RIDDLESDEN HALL

ONCE OPULENT VICTORIAN HOME WITH GARDENS

A MELLOW 17TH CENTURY MANOR HOUSE

17TH CENTURY MANOR HOUSE AND GARDEN

Explore the changing fortunes of a wealthy Victorian family. Marvel at the Victorian gardens, a rare survival, now restored to their 1860s heyday.

Surrounded by a sheltered, walled garden on the banks of the river Rye and stocked with scented borders, spring flowering meadows, fruit orchards and peacocks.

Mullioned windows, gleaming oak furniture, textiles and intimate rooms create an evocation of the era of England’s civil war.

Brodsworth, Doncaster DN5 7XJ Tel: 01302 722598 www.english-heritage.org.uk/ brodsworthhall

Nunnington, York YO62 5UY Tel: 01439 748283 www.nationaltrust.org.uk

Bradford Road, Keighley, Nr. Bradford BD20 5EL Tel: 01535 607075 www.nationaltrust.org.uk

BENINGBROUGH HALL & GARDENS

BARLEY HALL

SEWERBY HALL & GARDENS

YORK’S COUNTRY HOUSE AND GARDEN

MAGNIFICENT HOUSE ORIGINALLY BUILT BY THE MONKS OF NOSTELL PRIORY

DRAMATIC CLIFF-TOP HALL AND GARDENS

A wonderful 18th century mansion and walled garden. Walk through hidden gateways to labyrinth paths. It’s a home to over 100 pictures on loan from the National Portrait Gallery. Beningbrough, York YO30 1DD Tel: 01904 470666 www.nationaltrust.org.uk

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A stunning medieval townhouse, lovingly restored to its original splendour with stunning high ceilings and possibly the only horn window in England. 2 Coffee Yard, York YO1 8AR Tel: 01904 615505 www.barleyhall.org.uk

A Grade I listed Georgian country house set in 50 acres of early 19th century parkland that enjoys spectacular views of Bridlington. These award winning gardens are amongst the best in the area. Church Lane, Sewerby, Bridlington YO15 1EA Tel: 01262 673769 www.sewerby-hall.co.uk


Castles, Abbeys and Ruins NOSTELL PRIORY

RIEVAULX TERRACE & TEMPLES

ROCHE ABBEY

A MAGNIFICENT AND BEAUTIFUL MASTERPIECE

ENJOY STUNINNG VIEWS OF RIEVAULX ABBEY

BEAUTIFUL CISTERCIAN MONASTERY

With over 100 pieces of Thomas Chippendale’s work inside the grounds offer peaceful tree-lined walks by the lake and across the park.

Stroll and picnic on the elegant grass terrace which is awash with wild flowers in spring. While you’re there visit the two 18th century classical temples at either end of the terrace.

The soaring early Gothic transepts still survive to their original height and are ranked in importance alongside the finest early Gothic architecture in Britain.

Doncaster Road, Nostell, Wakefield WF4 1QE Tel: 01924 863892 www.nationaltrust.org.uk

Rievaulx, Helmsley YO62 5LJ Tel: 01439 798340/01439 748283 www.nationaltrust.org.uk

Maltby, Rotherham S66 8NW Tel: 01709 812739 www.english-heritage.org.uk/ rocheabbey

FOUNTAINS SCARBOROUGH RIPLEY ABBEY & CASTLE CASTLE STUDLEY ROYAL

YORKSHIRE’S FIRST WORLD HERITAGE SITE

EXPLORE 2,500 YEARS OF TURBULENT HISTORY

HOME TO THE INGLEBY FAMILY FOR 700 YEARS

Explore a fine Abbey ruin and monastic watermill; stunning Georgian water garden with temples and cascades or roam through the medieval deer park with its 500 wild deer.

Dating back to the Bronze Age, this castle encompasses the Roman army, Viking invaders, medieval kings and even World War One German naval guns.

During your visit you will discover how they have survived wars, political and civil unrest, plague and pestilence and religious persecution. A fascinating story for all ages.

Castle Road, Scarborough, YO11 1HY Tel: 01723 372451 www.english-heritage.org.uk/ scarboroughcastle

Ripley, Harrogate HG3 3AY Tel: 01423 770152 www.ripleycastle.co.uk

Ripon, North Yorkshire HG4 3DY Tel: 01765 608888 www.fountainsabbey.org.uk

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SKIPTON CASTLE

MOUNT GRACE PRIORY

BOLTON ABBEY

GUARDIAN OF THE GATEWAY TO THE DALES

FIND OUT HOW MONKS REALLY LIVED

THE YORKSHIRE ESTATE OF THE DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE

One of the most complete and best preserved medieval castles in Britain. Visitors can now explore this historyrich castle, which withstood a threeyear siege during the Civil War.

The best preserved Carthusian monastery in Britain. Explore the fully restored two storey ‘cell’, herb garden to aid contemplation and spiritual renewal.

Explore its medieval buildings, moorland, woodland and riverside walks. Relax by the river and enjoy this romantic location.

Skipton, North Yorkshire BD23 1AQ Tel: 01756 792442 www.skiptoncastle.co.uk

Staddlebridge, Northallerton, DL6 3JG Tel: 01609 883494 www.english-heritage.org.uk/ mountgracepriory

RICHMOND CASTLE

BYLAND ABBEY

PICKERING CASTLE

ONE OF THE GREATEST NORMAN FORTRESSES

ONCE ONE OF THE GREAT NORTHERN MONASTERIES

DISCOVER A CASTLE BUILT TO SUPPRESS THE REBELS

Built shortly after the Battle of Hastings, this is the best-preserved castle of such scale and age in the country.

A truly outstanding example of Gothic architecture, its splendid collection of tiles is a testament to its earlier magnificence.

Tower Street, Richmond, DL10 4QW Tel: 01748 822493 www.english-heritage.org.uk/ richmondcastle

Byland, Coxwold YO61 4BD Tel: 01347 868614 www.english-heritage.org.uk/ bylandabbey

Originally built by William the Conqueror to suppress the rebellious northerners, this Royal Castle was used by a succession of medieval kings as a hunting lodge and holiday home.

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Estate Office, Bolton Abbey, Skipton BD23 6EX Tel: 01756 718009 www.boltonabbey.com

Castlegate, Pickering YO18 7AX Tel: 01751 474989 www.english-heritage.org.uk/ pickeringcastle

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RIEVAULX ABBEY

MIDDLEHAM CASTLE

RABY CASTLE

EXPERIENCE STILLNESS AND BEAUTY

DISCOVER THE CHILDHOOD HOME OF RICHARD III

HOME TO THE MOTHER OF KINGS EDWARD

Explore this impressive monastic site – the first Cistercian abbey to be founded in the North of England in the 12th century and one of the most powerful abbeys in Europe.

The childhood home of Richard III where he learnt the military and courtly manners appropriate for a future king. It later became the centre of his northern power.

Rievaulx, Helmsley YO62 5LB Tel: 01439 798228 www.english-heritage.org.uk/ rievaulxabbey

Castle Hill, Middleham, Leyburn, DL8 4QP Tel: 01969 623899 www.english-heritage.org.uk/ middlehamcastle

14th century castle, the place of the plotting of the Rising of the North. Explore the picturesque gardens alongside the deer. Visitors can also enjoy tearoom, gift shop or woodland play area.

HELMSLEY CASTLE

BOLTON CASTLE

WHITBY ABBEY

EXPLORE OVER 900 YEARS OF LIFE

A CASTLE WITH A WEALTH OF YORKSHIRE HISTORY

MOODY AND MAGNIFICENT ABBEY

Discover how the Castle evolved over time through interactive displays, artefacts excavated from the site and a new audio tour.

Bolton Castle has connections with ‘The Pilgrimage of Grace’ and Richard III. Mary Queen of Scots was also imprisoned here for 6 months. Today visitors can enjoy the Medieval Garden and vineyard.

Whitby Abbey has for generations inspired visitors from saints to Bram Stocker. Climb the 199 steps and sink your teeth into years of fascinating history.

Castlegate, Helmsley, North Yorkshire YO62 5AB Tel: 01439 770442 www.english-heritage.org.uk/ helmsleycastle

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Leyburn DL8 4ET Tel: 01969 623981 www.boltoncastle.co.uk

Staindrop, Darlington, DL2 3AH Tel: +44 01833 660 202 www.rabycastle.com

Whitby, North Yorkshire YO22 5JT Tel: 01947 603568 www.englishheritage.org.uk/ whitbyabbey

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Born and Bred Yorkshire is famed for many wonderful things, breathtaking scenery, incredible architecture, yorkshire puddings, but did you know that many of the world’s most prominent and remarkable people also hailed from this magnificent county?

Emily Brontë

Joseph Rowntree

Guy Fawkes

Out of the three Brontë sisters (and one brother) it seems fitting to choose Emily on this occasion, with 2018 marking the bicentenary of her birth. Although she only published one novel, it’s fair to say Wuthering Heights has earned its place in English literary history. Even today, it is still being dramatized for theatre and television, a testament to the strength of her storytelling. Little is known about this particular Brontë sibling due to her solitary and reclusive nature, but the mystery surrounding this enigmatic author just adds to the charm of the well-loved writer from Bradford.

Chocolatier Joseph began life working for his father’s grocery shop in his town of York. His new innovative ideas took the company from strength to strength. By the end of the 19th century his employee base had grown from 30 to over 4,000. Keen to improve the quality of his workers’ lives, he provided them with free education, a library, medical and dental care. He also founded one of the first ever pensions. Take a trip to York’s Chocolate Story and learn more about Rowntree as well as other big names in the chocolate world and the confectionery industry as a whole.

Take a visit to the Brontë Parsonage Museum with a special exhibition, ‘Making Thunder Roar: Emily Brontë’.

Take a sweet and tasty trip to York’s Chocolate Story. See where chocolate began, with its rich history within Yorkshire.

Born in 1570 in York, Fawkes was originally of Protestant descent. When his father died (Guy was eight at the time) his mother remarried into a Catholic family, thus setting her son on the perilous path that ultimately led to a grisly demise at the age of 35. His plan to assassinate the king by placing barrels of gunpowder under the Houses of Parliament was ultimately thwarted and after enduring days of torture, he eventually died when he fell from the scaffolding he was due to be hanged from. Since then, his effigy has been burned on bonfires all over Britain on the 5th November every year to commemorate the king’s escape.

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Visit the Guy Fawkes Inn on High Petergate, York and treat yourself to a tasty meal or overnight stay.

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Main Image: Brontë Parsonage Museum, Keighley.

David Hockney Bradford’s David Hockney has quite the career portfolio, it would be a very long list if we tried to write about all the artistic ventures he has embarked on! Perhaps best known for his contribution to the Pop Art movement in the 1960s, his swimming pool paintings have become as synonymous with the genre as Andy Warhol’s soup cans. He embraced the age of technology by producing a series of works crafted on iPads, through Photoshop and even digital films shot with multiple cameras. Luckily for visitors to Yorkshire, many of his pieces can be viewed in Salt’s Mill, Saltaire, where you can also pick up exclusive Hockney posters, postcards and books, allowing you to take a slice of his art home.

Amy Johnson Born in the city of Hull in 1903 Johnson gained notoriety for her aviation skills. Setting numerous records for longdistance flights, she became the first female pilot to fly solo from England to Australia. She received the Harmon Trophy for achieving the 11,000 mile flight, as well as a CBE in the 1930 Honours list. Only two years later, she completed another solo flight from London to Cape Town, setting a new record and beating the previous one – held by her new husband. During the Second World War, she joined the Air Transport Auxiliary. Sadly, whilst on a flight for the ATA, her plane, reportedly out of fuel, careered into the Thames Estuary. Though a rescue was attempted, her body was never recovered. Yorkshire Air Museum in York, is a great day out for the aviation lovers.

Barbara Hepworth Dame Jocelyn Barbara Hepworth was an English artist and sculptor. She originally excelled in music before winning a scholarship to the Leeds School of Art, followed by another to the Royal College of Art. After this initial success, she then travelled to Florence, Italy where she learned how to carve marble from a master Italian sculptor. Barbara’s early work was influenced by abstraction art and she later involved herself with a Paris-based art movement called Abstraction-Création. She eventually formed her own movement, Unit One, in an attempt to unite surrealism and abstraction in the British art scene. Two museums are named after the artist, one in St Ives, Cornwall (where she lived from 1949 up until her death in 1975) and The Hepworth, in her home town of Wakefield. Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Wakefield

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Yorkshire’s Battlefields

Yorkshire is a rich tapestry of history and heritage and today the scars of battles that helped to shape the county can still be seen; faded but never forgotten. Between 71 and 410 AD Yorkshire was a part of the omnipotent Roman Empire and evidence of this is visible throughout the county; especially in the south where a fort at Danum eventually transformed into the town we now know as Doncaster. The city of York was founded as Eboracum becoming the Roman capital of Northern Britain in the process and further down the line, the Roman military capital too. As the Roman empire declined, the armies left our shores but a lot of the road system was left behind with many A road routes following Roman roads. York was widely regarded as an important trading hub throughout Viking reign in the region but it was only in 1972 that this was proven to be true after a small excavation.

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It is at Stamford Bridge that the Vikings met a bitter end. King Harold of England was preparing the south of the country for an anticipated invasion by William of Normandy, however upon hearing that his other rival to the throne Harold Hardrada was camped outside York he marched his armies day and night and sprung a surprise attack. Hardrada, renowned for being warlike decided to fight rather than retreat and in doing so lost his life. Possibly the most famous of wars in British history involved Yorkshire in the form of the War of the Roses. Although the war defining Battle of Bosworth Field was fought elsewhere, there were many important battles fought on Yorkshire soil. There are many landmarks from this war that act as living history today including Micklegate Bar, Spofforth Castle and the Duke of York Monument that can be found in Wakefield and is the spot where Richard Plantagenet died. The English Civil War saw a lot of the castles in Yorkshire attacked and occupied by Royalist forces; with some being demolished entirely. Still standing and definitely ones to visit are Helmsley Castle, Bolton Castle and Skipton Castle.

Horrible histories

The York Dungeon brings together an amazing cast of historic characters, immersive sets and special-effects. If you survive your tour and you’re not quite ready to run for the hills, settle into the new Tavern where you can recover with a stiff drink and maybe take away a gruesome souvenir or two.

The Viking King Come face to face with a terrifying Viking King who captured Saxon slaves. Don’t get on the wrong side of him, he has a wicked humour and an array of torturous weapons. Skipton Castle

A war that was fought across the Atlantic Ocean also has ties to Yorkshire; the American War of Independence. When independence was declared, Great Britain was in possession of the world’s most powerful navy and the Americans could not compete, so instead they decided to disrupt the delivery of armaments to British forces on American soil. It was a battle that saw the American’s take the British warship Serapsis, although the merchant convoy left the sink site in Filey Bay and escaped to Scarborough.

The Torturer Meet the torturer of the castle dungeon armed with the most ruthless instruments used to get a confession out of the most stubborn of mouths.

Dick Turpin Keep an eye out for the most vicious Highway Man of them all Dick Turpin. He always gets what he wants, one way or another!

© Richard Wood Photography

Guy Fawkes Discover first-hand what happened on 5th November by the man himself; York’s very own Guy Fawkes. Filey Bay

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Fascinating furniture Britain’s most famous and influential furniture maker, Thomas Chippendale, was born in the town of Otley in 1718. With 2018 marking the 300th anniversary of his birth, Yorkshire is doing lots to celebrate. 32

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© karlholtby Photography

Where to find the fabulous furniture...

Newby Hall, Ripon

Burton Constable, Hull

This magnificent house is home to quite the range of Chippendale furniture. Considered to be one of the largest collections of the furniture maker’s designs in existence, this exhibition is a stunning tribute to the life of a master craftsman and pairs with Weddell’s own impressive collection. Guided tours also available.

In addition to housing an extensive selection of furniture, East Yorkshire’s Burton Constable will also be celebrating the life of Thomas Chippendale with a new exhibition, ‘Chippendale and the Yorkshire Craftsmen,’ which will include letters, drawings, talks and tours by experts in the field.

Harewood House, Leeds

Leeds City Museum

This innovative approach to the 300th anniversary will see the life and times of Thomas Chippendale brought to life via an exploration of the skills and activities used to create his now famous masterpieces. Follow the trail to see some of his most exquisite creations, and look out for tributes to the craftsman from contemporary artists.

‘Thomas Chippendale, 1718-1779: a celebration of British craftsmanship and design’ is an intriguing insight into the life of Otley’s famous cabinet maker. As well as examples of his furniture, there will also be original drawings and documents on display, many of which have not been seen in public ever before.

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Magical Museums There are some fantastic spots to visit in Yorkshire including six national museums and a range of other unique and award-winning collections covering a whole host of fascinating topics. Take a journey of discovery from city centre museums and galleries to smaller heritage centres.

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© www.nickrobinsonphoto.com

Doncaster Museum and Art Gallery

Sledmere House, Driffield

York Castle Museum

This South Yorkshire museum is dedicated to displaying a wide range of artefacts deemed to be of local and national importance. Explore Doncaster’s unique heritage in the award-winning River and Road Gallery, or peruse some fine art in one of the first-floor galleries. There are always temporary exhibitions to keep an eye out for, and the museum also houses the King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry Museum, an enthralling display that tells the story of this famous regiment founded in 1757.

There’s lots to see and do at this magnificent house. Originally dating back to medieval times, it was demolished and re-built in the 1700s before undergoing another refurbishment in 1911 when the building was almost completely destroyed by fire. Home to a notable collection of art and furniture, you can also take a look at the Wagoners’ Museum, the story of the Wagoners’ Special Reserve, complete with photographs, memorabilia and even a medal collection.

With 2018 marking its 80th anniversary there’s never been a better time to visit this museum, which sits where York Castle once stood. Stroll down the atmospheric Victorian street of Kirkgate, a cobbled step back in time complete with genuine York businesses depicted in all their inaugural greatness. A history of the city’s confectionery past is a must-see (who doesn’t love chocolate?) whilst ‘The Sixties’ exhibition brings the most swinging of decades back to life.

A special visit...

Cannon Hall Museum, Barnsley

Yorkshire Air Museum, York

This grand hall sits in 70 acres of historic parkland and houses an impressive collection of paintings, ceramics and furniture. Explore the ballroom, drawing room, library and much more. The Victorian kitchen is an attraction in itself with many school children having the opportunity to experience life as a Victorian servant. One for the adults, the finest collection of Moorcroft Pottery currently on public display can also be viewed at the hall and with majestic landscaped gardens, there’s plenty on offer to keep everyone entertained.

Spanning nearly the entire history of flight, the Yorkshire Air Museum follows the story of air travel from its beginning, through the World Wars and beyond. Housing in excess of 60 historic aircraft and related vehicles it’s a comprehensive guide to British aviation. You will also find uniforms, records, photographs, books and films, all carefully preserved by the museum’s curatorial staff. Look out for some of the special events taking place here including a chance to see some of the rarer aircraft’s in existence both in the air, and up close.

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Main Image: The South Lawn at Castle Howard © Andy Bulmer / NYMNPA.

Steeped in history Steeped in centuries of history, romance and tradition, the North York Moors with its breathtaking landscapes, dramatic ruins, majestic castles and stately homes provide plenty of days out worth talking about. Peppered throughout the North York Moors, the iconic abbey landscape tells a story of spiritual past and intrigue. The spellbinding ruins of Whitby Abbey, Rievaulx Abbey and Byland Abbey all offer a magical place for reflection and discovery.

For a family affair visit the newly refurbished Mount Grace Priory, House and Gardens. Explore and create your own family adventure at this intriguing house and newly planted monk’s cell garden where imaginations can run wild. Or hop aboard the North Yorkshire Moors Railway to experience one of the best ways to get close to the amazing scenery in the North York Moors. Traverse through 24 miles of stunning valley views. The North York Moors is home to some of England’s finest historic houses and gardens. Castle Howard, Nunnington Hall and Helmsley Walled Garden offer the perfect escape into a world of colour and grandeur.

Take your time as you stroll under tree canopies and between flower beds before topping it off with a sumptuous afternoon tea. There’s plenty of fascinating heritage and local history to uncover in our museums and industrial heritage sites. Nestled in the honey-pot village of Hutton-le-Hole, Ryedale Folk Museum transports you from an Iron Age roundhouse to a 1950s village shop and chemist.

Looking for more adventure? Head to Rosedale to discover more about our Land of Iron project and look for signs of a once bustling industrial past in the iron kilns and mineral railway remains.


Graceful Country House Miniature Railway

NEW CHIPPENDALE EXHIBITION FROM JUNE

T: 01423 322583

Ripon, North Yorkshire

www.newbyhall.com

The North’s Premier Gardens Dollshouse Exhibition Teddy Bear Exhibition Children’s Adventure Playground Restaurant, Gift Shop & Plant Centre Special Events throughout the year


REDCAR BARNARD CASTLE

A67

TO THE M6 FOR BIRMINGHAM AND CUMBRIA

A685

SALTBURN

ANBY

A1

YORKSHIRE DALES

SEDBERGH

A684

WHITBY A683

RTH YORK MOORS

MASHAM

GRASSINGTON

A170

PICKERING

HELMSLEY

SETTLE

A59

FILEY

SKIPTON

A165 A64

MALTON DRIFFIELD

YORK

ILKLEY

A64 KNARESBOROUGH

YORK

WETHERBY

A64

LEEDS

A614

SELBY

SELBY

A164

A63

A63

A63

A63

HUMBER BRIDGE GOOLE

A15

SCUNTHORPE

A180 GRIMSBY EDINBURGH

BRIGG

PENISTONE

BARNSLEY

GOOLE

A15

SCUNTHORPE

A1

HOLMFIRTH

WITHERNSEA

CLEETHORPES

CASTER

PONTEFRACT

WAKEFIELD

MIRFIELD

HULL

HULL

HUMBER BRIDGE

HUDDERSFIELD

A164

HORNSEA

BEVERLEY

A19

HALIFAX HORNSEA

BEVERLEY TODMORDEN

FLAMBOROUGH HEAD

BRIDLINGTON

A166

A1079

HEBDEN BRIDGE

A614

FILEY

MALTON DRIFFIELD

OTLEY

BRADFORD

SEAMER

A165

A19

A658

A65

A629

PICKERING

HELMSLEY

HARROGATE

KEIGHLEY FLAMBOROUGH HEAD SALTAIRE HAWORTH BRIDLINGTON

A166

A1079

RIPON

PATELEY BRIDGE

MALHAM

SEAMER

A170

THIRSK

KIRKBY LONSDALE ROBIN HOOD’S BAY HORTON-IN-RIBBLESDALE INGLETON A169 SCARBOROUGH

SCARBOROUGH

SUTTON BANK

HAWES

ROBIN HOOD’S BAY

A169

NORTH YORK MOORS

LEYBURN

DENT

Y

A172 OSMOTHERLEY

NORTHALLERTON

REETH

WHITBY

A171

DANBY

RICHMOND

STAITHES

A171

A66

STAITHES

GUISBOROUGH

YARM

BOWES

TEBAY

REDCAR

H

KIRKBY STEPHEN

SALTBURN

MIDDLESBROUGH

WITHERNSEA

A180 GRIMSBY CLEETHORPES

DONCASTER

BRIGG

A18

PEAK ROTHERHAM DISTRICT A57

SHEFFIELD

A18

TO LONDON BY RAIL LEEDS

MANCHESTER

YORKSHIRE

How to get here Yorkshire by air

LONDON

KEY Motorways A Roads Rail Routes Airports Heritage Coasts Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Parks Ferryport

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Fly to Doncaster Sheffield Airport with Flybe, Welcome to Yorkshire’s official airport partner and airline. Leeds Bradford Airport is our busiest air gateway, with flights from Aberdeen, Belfast, Bristol, Exeter, Edinburgh, Glasgow, London Gatwick, Newquay, Plymouth and Southampton. You can also fly to Humberside Airport or Durham Tees Valley Airport.

Yorkshire by road Britain’s biggest and fastest highways cross Yorkshire, making getting here by car or by coach very simple. For details of the quickest (or the most scenic) driving routes see the AA or RAC websites www.theaa.com and www.rac.co.uk. Plan a journey online with Arriva, who have busses running across Yorkshire on a regular basis.

Yorkshire by rail

KEY

Yorkshire’s cities and market towns are easy to get to from other parts of the Motorways country. Travel to Yorkshire with high-speed trains from either London or EdinburghAinRoads less than two hours with Virgin Trains East Coast and RoutesYou can also get Grand CentralRail services. to Yorkshire by train from the North Airports West with First TransPennine Express, who offer direct services into the county fromHeritage LiverpoolCoasts and Manchester. Northern Rail also offer direct services of Outstanding to Yorkshire Areas from the North West. Travel Natural Beauty in comfort and enjoy the scenery. National Parks Yorkshire by sea

Ferry services to Hull and Newcastle Ferryport link Yorkshire with Holland, Belgium and Germany. P&O Ferries operate overnight services to Hull from Rotterdam and Zeebrugge.

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