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equinista ®

International Luxury Equestrian Lifestyle Magazine

CURO - Diagnostics “ Revealing the Unseen”

BREEDING Nutrition, Foal Care and more

SAVING A TREASURE Nic ROLDAN Peek Inside His Life

The Persano Breed

Visiting The U.S.A. ? Aiken, SC Highlight

Volume 21, Spring Complimentary

www.EliteEquestrianMagazine.com


equinista ®

International Luxury Equestrian Lifestyle Magazine

A product of Elite Equestrian magazine Published since 2008 ����������������������������� ��������������������������

www.EliteEquestrianMagazine.com info@EliteEquestrian.us

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Publisher: Bill Vander Brink Editor in Chief: Noelle Vander Brink Hussain Al Rashed, Managing Director Elite Equestrian Magazine - Dubai Issue Mobile: +966-551008732 Email: eedubai@eliteequestrian.us Art & Antiques Editor: Dr. Lori Verderame Equine Art Editor: Jeanne Chisholm Fashion Editor: LA Sokolowski Legal Editor: Avery S., Chapman,Esquire Contributing Writers Dr. Marty Adams, PhD, PAS Alessandra Deerinck Dr. Amy Hayak Dr. Jill Lynn Palm Dr. Bill Ormston Jack Roth RSD Media Group Donna Washington

Contributing Photographers Judy Beaulieu Shelly Marshall Schmidt Nick Mele Enrique Urdaneta

For Media Kit email: info@EliteEquestrian.us

Contents COVER STORY

CURO Diagnostics- non-invasive technique to measure muscle function. See the centerfold.

Page 24 10 MUST HAVES For you 12 NIC ROLDAN So much more than a Polo Player! 16 Equine Sculpture Jose Ignacio Domecq 19 CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Pre-Purchase Exams 20 SPRING Prints EXCEPTIONALLY EQUESTRIAN 21 DiFore Scarves 22 HIS & HERS Joe Dotoli A Head For Safety 23 BLING For Spring 26 Equine Sports Medicine New Technology 28 SAVING A TREASURE Persano Horses A Royal Breed and Ferrari Emblem 34 U.S.A. Des�na�on Aiken, S.C. 38 CHIROPRACTIC CARE The Breeding Horse 39 Nutri�on For Broodmares 40 SIGNS of a Healthy Foal

Elite Equestrian is a registered trademark owned by Elite Equestrian LLC. No article, photo, or part of this publication may be reproduced without written consent. Management reserves the right to approve or refuse any advertiser or contribution for any reason. EE does not endorse any product or advertiser and is not responsible for accuracy of info/opinions provided by advertisers or article content. Photographs are submitted by writers of each article who assume responsibility for usage approval. ©2021

42 FEEDING the Foal 43 FARRIER ACADEMY Online


MUST

HAVES

FOR YOU

2.

1.

1. Espoir shirts are a UV Resistant South African designed and produced garment made from hand illustrated prints. Exclusive at Aiken Saddlery. www.aikensaddlery.com See our ad on page 33 2. Dressage Horse Key Fobs ... and more, exclusively at TempiDesignStudio.com 3. Aubrion Cannon Insulated Vest. www.ShiresEquestrian.com

3.

4. Horsehair jewelry- keep a piece of your favorite horse with you always. www.ponylocks.com

4.

5. Find a huge selec�on of quality collars, leashes and more! Shown- American Tradi�ons, Pheasants, AuburnDirect.com

5. 6. Lay-Flat Hose QuickReel, allows safe and constant rate of hose deployment. Mounts to a cart, vehicle, or ATV trailer. BigSprinkler.com

7. Pasture vacuums collect manure, sawdust, wood shavings, leave, rubbish in wet or dry condi�ons, Suck water out of troughs www.pasturevacuums.com

FOR

YOUR FARM 6.

7.

8. Pyranha® Wipe N’ Spray® BOV -world famous oil-based & lanolin fly spray now in a BOV, a 360 degree con�nuous spray, no harmful propellants, a 99% emptying rate and is 100% recyclable. www.pyranhainc.com 9. Beau�ful and affordable customized farm signs. Website guides you through a unique step by step process. Free shipping! 1-800-640-8180 www.EZSignsOnline.com

10. Best On-The-Go Hay Feeding System!

The safest and most durable hay bag. Reduces risk of ulcers & vices, 25 different styles and sizes. www.NibbleNet.com

10. 9.

8.


4.

FOR

YOUR HORSE

3.

2.

1.

1. Saddler’s TLC removes dirt & grime from leather’s pores, replaces natural oils in one, fast, easy step. www.jmsaddler.com

6.

5.

2. Protec�ng sensi�ve skin from flies and harmful direct sunlight. Silver Whinnys® by Sox For Horses, Inc. Socks made specifically for equine legs. www.soxforhorses.com 3. Mul�-Purpost An�sep�c. Use on wounds, skin and hooves. Treats rain rot too! Spurr’s Big Fix, made in the USA, Money back guarantee. www.spurrsbigfix.com 4. WELLESLEY KNEE – PATCH BREECH & COOLBLAST 100 SHORT SLEEVE SHIRT Visit DoverSaddlery.com

7.

8.

5. Old Dominion Saddlery offers high quality, affordable French used saddles. Free shipping and a 7 day trial period. www.OldDominionSaddlery.com 6. Equine Nebulizer $500 under retail! Everything needed to get started with your vet’s recommenda�ons! Many awesome finds at our consignment store! www.GoodAppleEquine.com

9.

7. The right micronutrients- Source has withstood the test of �me because IT WORKS! www.4source.com 800 232-2365

10.

8. Hand Cra�ed Herbal Supplements Immunall-Muscle and Joint- Ty-4-Up 916-203-1821 immunall-us.com 10. Every unique modular WOW saddle is made to order, to fit both horse and rider perfectly, and can be adjusted in many ways so it is truly a saddle for life. Contact leaann@wowsaddlesusa.com or 904 591 0540.

9. Super Supplements 877-357 - 7187 www.ThePerfectHorse.net

EE


Nic Roldan

… So much more than just a polo player! Wri�en By Donna Washington Photos By Nick Mele and Enrique Urdaneta

EQUINE Lifestyle

Nic Roldan may be the top US polo player and has captained the USA team on mul�ple occasions. The poorly educated may easily hang stereotypical labels on him but take a moment and you’ll realise that there is so much more to this force of nature, who’s ambi�ons have no bounds.

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Spend a day with Roldan and you will be taken on a rollercoaster in every sense, few manage to muster the levels of energy as him and his team 24/7/365, where variety seems to be the fuel that energises them. Days start with an intense gym session followed by the traditional Argentine maté with his grooms in the morning and an adrenaline fuelled practice before jumping in the car and into Palm Beach for a socialites business lunch yet before you know it life whisks him back to Wellington, another bunch of horses to ride, conference calls and a dinner with a sponsor. From sat on an upturned bucket one moment to being sat at the head of the table at the opening of one of Palm Beaches most desired gastronomic institutes the next. First and foremost Nic Roldan is a polo player of incredible calibre, his passion for the sport knows no bounds and no where is he happier than being pushed to raise his game

even further and lead the teams he plays on to victory. With more titles still to be secured, a second US Open victory being a particular entry on the wish list, there are no signs of slowing down on that front. Now to the end of April, Nic is taking part in the World Polo League in Wellington, FL. At this time, no spectators are allowed but games can be followed on ChukkerTV.com for free. As with any horse discipline, horses are a central part of his sport and the mission to always be improving his string is an on going one and has seen many of his mounts originating from the racetrack. Recently the Jockey Club’s Thoroughbred Incentive Program paired with the USPA (United States Polo Association) and chose one of Nic’s OTTB Mares, “Cubana” as their High Goal Horse of the year. Nic loves highlighting this aspect and at the barn his affection for his horses is clear for all to see. For most in the sport that would be their lot, but not for Roldan. He’s acutely aware that all equestrian sports are a minority compared to sports such as Basketball, Soccer, Football and even Golf, and hence never misses an opportunity to collaborate with athletes from the other equestrian disciplines in order to promote the equestrian community as a whole. Likewise he’s dedicated to showing that this truly is a sport and focus on the athletic aspect, the training regime, the intense work outs and recovery.

www.EliteEquestrianMagazine.com


Above Left: Photos for Husk by Nick Mele Above center: Modern Luxory, Palm Beach by Nick Mele. Above right: WPL Palm Beach Open Final, Audi VS SD Farms by WPL. Right: OTTB Cubana by Enrique Urdaneta. Far Right: Bedford Park, Grand Prix Village Drive. www.enriqueurdanaeta.com

One of his talents off the horse is interior deign, having to date gutted, redesigned, furnished and dressed no less than 6 properties with tremendous success. Together with his mother their style is distinctive, contemporary and bold yet accessible and utterly beguiling. This is not a guy who sticks his name on as an afterthought but rather someone who is endlessly studying the listings, goes into a property with what seems like VR eyes being able to see a stunning layout whilst I for one only see dated tiles and a dreary room. From the finishes to the cushions, no detail slips him by and his approach to this is the same as it is to perfecting his penalty hitting. With plans in the works for further developments this is a branch of his company he is all to happy to share his infectious enthusiasm about.

After having spent several seasons in the UK playing, Nic really learnt to appreciate the variety of Gin and as such at the start of this year, High Goal Gin is launching, a company in which he is one of the three founding members. Worldly, but unmistakably American in its approach, High Goal Luxury Gin is a refreshing and modern take on a classic spirit. Utilising hints of citrus and mint in its unique blend of botanicals, High Goal is savoured by those who have had the pleasure of discovering it. Setting a new, ultra-premium standard for the market, High Goal is American gin reimagined.

www.EliteEquestrianMagazine.com

Continued... 13


Nic enjoying HIgh Goal Gin, his newly founded product.

Call 914-621-6814 For Information.

Back to polo,

One of Nic’s recent design projects- Marbleston Court.

Another design successBlue Cypress Lane, Wellington, FL.

and Nic strives to work with a cornucopia of partners and sponsors, to create mutual beneficial partnerships. As with anyone who is passionate about their subject matter, Nic is all to keen to share his sport to a wider audience. The day we spent with him for example he had been tasked with doing an instagram take over for one of his suppliers, just one of many activations he takes in his stride. When he can he offers companies the chance to do masterclasses or gives lessons. Thanks to the Grand Champions Polo Club Organisation he is a part of, players from out of town can fly into Wellington and spend a week playing with Nic and his peers, only having to bring a hat and their boots.EveryBuildprovided your sign today thing else, including horses are for byatthem. Can you image being able to go and play Football with Tom Brady for a week or Golf with Rickie Fowler? That would be the equivalent.

Midhurst Primary School Stick Competition

Aside of all of this, somehow he is a dedicated philanthropist. After having spent sometime in a pediatric ward in Toronto he developed a real passion for helping kids with cancer and kids in general. He was profoundly affected by how these kids just wanted to do all the things regular kids would do, such as playing soccer, but that they could not through no fault of their own. With this Nic beats to his own drum and as this particular sector is what resonated with him that is the specific philanthropic area he is dedicated to, as well as mentoring kids. The equestrian world is full of characters, yet few seem to radiate the same level of energy as Nic, nor seem to be as flexible as dealing with a cornucopia of different scenarios yet taking it all in a days work with true humility. Don’t be fooled thinking he is just a polo player, as with a stealth like determination it seems he is only getting started with the business aspect of this brand and we can’t wait to see where the journey takes him. In the mean time, I need a stiff cup of tea to come back down to earth from a high octane day. 14

Photos for Husk by Nick Mele

Find out more about Nic and all his ventures at the recently relaunched www.NicRoldan.com

www.EliteEquestrianMagazine.com

EE


For Your Horse page 23

page 43 www.EliteEquestrianMagazine.com

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Jose’ Ignacio Domecq Sculptor

Palenque Six polo ponies are tied to a palenque, five of them have already played and have been unsaddled, but there is still one chukker to be played and the mare with the saddle knows it´s her turn, she is ready, full of attitude and looking forward to the game.2020, 1/7, Bronze, White Patination 99 x 25 x 35 cm. $15,000

EQUINE Art

She gave it all

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A single and exhausted polo mare that has just finished playing and is free from her polo tack and has been left alone by her peticero to get some air, her muscles are contracted and her hind leg is in the air to ease the pain she has from a tough play. The expression of the mare, and the sense of exhaustion are perfectly conveyed by this simple bronze. 2018. No copies available. 35 x 25 x 15 cm

Siesta Two good friends, are sleeping. Trusting in one another, horses choose their favorite at siesta time. They show their affection by swatting flies away from each others faces with their tails. 50 x 30 x 20 cm, Clay, 2020. $5,000

www.EliteEquestrianMagazine.com


Taking The Man

Two horses enter in contact at top speed in this play, the first horse is being slowed down by the defending player to control the ball on the near side at the time when the attacking player is about to impact with all the possible speed to take him out of the line. Speed, and realistic polo posture are the best assets of this scupture. 2018, Only one copy available. 50 x 50 x 30 cm. $6,000 joseignacio.domecq@fractalia.es Read about the artist’s fascinating life on the next page.

Wellington Place 13532 Fountain View Boulevard Wellington FL 33414, USA 845-505-1147 • 561-557-3747 www.ChisholmGallery.com

EE

www.EliteEquestrianMagazine.com

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His great-great grandfather introduced polo to Spain in 1870 and his grandfather José Ignacio Domecq, his father José Ignacio Domecq Jr and brothers Roger and German were and are passionate players. Four of his five siblings also play.

José Ignacio with his wife.

José’s grand parents with HRH Prince of Wales

José’s grandfather with Lord Mountbatten and below with HRH Prince of Wales

Playing with the boys in Majadas, our farm close to madrid. 18

His passion for polo has allowed him play all over the world including Argen�na, Chile, UK, US and Egypt amongst other renowned interna�onal watering holes. Since he was a child in his home town of Jerez, he has enjoyed drawing and pain�ng horses: observing not only their anatomy, but also the movements and expressions of the polo ponies during the game. He creates polo ponies without pictures or models, being inspired by his profound knowledge of the horse, imprinted to his consciousness through long hours of interac�on and grooming his polo ponies, training and exercising them. He is as in love with the work of grooming as he is with the game. Engaging with horses is an important part of his life’s rou�ne. The feeling of riding and being in contact with them generates in him peace of soul. It is this feeling that he tries to convey through his sculptures. José Ignacio started sculp�ng clay in 2017 and cas�ng bronze in 2018. Since then he has focused in capturing the beauty of this spectacular sport, the movement and the speed of polo horses in the field and expressions and beauty of the animal in the palenque. His current work is small format sculptures and miniatures, but he is star�ng to work on larger and life size models See his crea�ons on the previous page. www.EliteEquestrianMagazine.com

José’s father with HRH Prince of Wales

EE


Conflicts of Interest

In Prepurchase Examinations Wri�en by Avery S. Chapman, Esq, 2021© Whether you are a prospective owner, trainer, agent or veterinarian, the prepurchase examination (“PPE”) process involves numerous and often competing interest of multiple parties, from the seller, seller’s agent, buyer, buyer’s agent, unknown business partners to the parties or agents, as well as the business and personal relationship of those parties and the veterinarians involved.

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EQUINE Lifestyle

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����������������������������������������������� �������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������ ���������������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������� �������������������������������������������������� �������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������� ��������������� ������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������� �������������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������� �������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������� �������������������������������������������������� �������������������������������������������������������� �������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������������� �������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������� �������������������� ��������������������� ������������������������������������������������������

EE

������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������

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S

pring

FASHION

A touch of flower power for spring!!!

EQUETECH BOTANICAL MESH HAT COVER Technical mesh vented hat silk with unique botanical pa�ern to side panels. Other features include a flexible peak with a rose gold faux leather underside and rose gold badge to back. Designed to fit over skull cap riding helmets. One size fits all. RRP: £14.95

EQUETECH BOTANICAL RIDING TIGHTS Technical 4-way stretch construc�on allows be�er movement in every direc�on. Features exclusive botanical rose pa�ern down outer leg panels, adding a fashion element to these prac�cal riding �ghts. Features ergonomic flat-lock seams to deliver a comfortable, chafe-free fit. Designed with a wide comfort pull-on waistband with excellent shape reten�on. Other features include a ma� silicone FULL SEAT, Equetech logo to back, secure inner waistband �e and two thigh pockets (large enough for a smartphone). Perfect for endurance, le trec, training and leisure ac�vi�es. RRP: £54.95 sizes: XS - XXL

EQUINE Fashion

COORDINATING SOCKS TO FINISH YOUR LOOK Perfect sock when wearing long boots. These amazing socks have a so� co�on foot and a thin nylon leg, ideal when you need that extra space! Features a strong hand sewn toe link and added Lycra® for stretch and shape reten�on. Sold in packs of three. Black/ Navy/ Grey (pack of 3) - Mixed Navy/ Red/ White (pack of 3) - Patriot Black, Rose, Blush (pack of 3) - Botanical RRP: £14.50

www.equetech.com

EE 20

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Exceptionally EQUESTRIAN

Here is the perfect combination of classy color and whimsey to add personality to your spring outfits!

Making women look and feel beautiful works of wearable art

My passion for our oceans and their sea-life is my inspira�on and the premise of my artwork. The Floral Seas collec�on is derived from a series of artworks I completed years ago. Since then, I have transformed them into elegant, wearable tex�les. The flowers represent the fragility, beauty, and vulnerability of our ecosystem. I personally believe that as an ar�st, it is my responsibility to incorporate a social issue so that I can simultaneously express myself and raise awareness for a deeper cause. The crea�on of my scarves has been a way for me to further educate myself as well as a way to make personal discoveries about myself as an ar�st.

EQUINE Lifestyle

The scarves are environmentally friendly; they are Oeko tex cer�fied and printed in an eco-conscious mill by fine Italian ar�sans. It is pivotal that I give a percentage of sales to non-profit organiza�ons that preserve and support ocean life. The Dog Mo�f neckerchiefs are a newer design of mine, where I combined my love for whimsical illustra�ons and animals. They amount to a combina�on of photo-illustra�on and tradi�onal art and make a fantas�c addi�on to any wardrobe. I also donate a percentage of the sales to non-profit animal shelters in order to give back to my community. https://difiorenewyork.com/ https://www.instagram.com/difioreny/ https://www.linkedin.com/in/andreadifiorenyc 917-345-3379 Follow us on facebook.com/EliteEquestrian/ and Instagram: EliteEquestrianMagazine Read any issue on our web site for free at www.EliteEquestrianMagazine.com Please tell our adver�sers you saw them in Elite Equestrian magazine! Ask about featuring your product in Excep�onally Equestrian at info@EliteEquestrian.us www.EliteEquestrianMagazine.com

21


HIS

& HERS

Joe Dotoli: A Head for Safety with L.A. Sokolowski, the Original Equinista Once upon a time, our horse world avoided discussions about injuries. But after a string of debilitating tragedies among hunter/jumper riders eschewing safety helmets, Joe Dotoli of Chepachet, R.I., started a conversation that, with the ultimate passage of the Safety Helmet Rule, changed how we look at an uncomfortable reality. Due in part to his pioneering work on this initiative, Joe received the 2001 USEF Distinguished Service Award. In 2017, he accepted an USEF Lifetime Achievement Award, underscoring five decades as a professional rider, trainer, judge and show manager, and his legacy for developing talent really is written (“Wylde Ride – A Horseman’s Story”) in Olympic Gold through student, Peter Wylde. But Joe’s not done yet, as Zoom sessions about safety helmets and vests proved during the USHJA Annual Meeting. Equestrian helmet research, funded by USHJA, USEF, USEA and Jacqueline Mars, joins football, soccer, cycling and ice hockey helmets being studied by the Virginia Tech Helmet Lab. Given our odds (one emergency visit for every 600 rides, and one in five riders expected to suffer a serious injury in their lifetime), this is a conversation that needs to be continued… HERS: ��������������������������������������������������� HIS: ���������������������������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������� HERS: ���������������������������������������������� HIS: ���������������������� HERS: ��������������������������������������������� HIS: ����������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������� HERS:�������������������������������������������������������� ������������ HIS: ���������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������

EQUINE Lifestyle

HERS:����������������������������������������������������������� ��������� HIS:���������������������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������� HERS: ��������������� HIS: ������������������������������������������������������ ������������ HERS: ���������������������������������������������������� ��������������� HIS: �������������������������������������������� HERS: ����������������������������������������� ����������������� 22

HIS: ��������������������������� �������������������������������� ���������������������������������� �������������������������� ��������������������������� ���������������������������� ��������������������������� ����������������������������� ������������������������������� �������������������������������� ��������������������������� ������������������������ ����������������������������� ���������������������������� ������������������������� ������������������������������ ��������������������������� ������������������������� ������������������������ ���������������������������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������� �������������� HERS: ������������������������������������� HIS: ���������������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������ �������������������������������������������������������������� �������������������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������� HERS: ����������������������������������������������� HIS: ������������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������������ ��������������������������������������������������������� HERS: ����������������������������������������������������������� ������������ HIS: �������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������������ ���������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������������ HERS: ���������������������������������������������� HIS: ��������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������� HERS: ����������������������������������������������� HIS: ����������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������ �������������������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������������� ����������������

Learn more about the Virginia Tech Helmet Ratings and how to support the Helmet Lab and research efforts at https://helmet.beam.vt.edu. Have a guest suggestion for AHP Media Award winner L.A. Sokolowski? Share it to latheequinista@gmail.com.

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EE


BLING

The Silver Stable 9ct Handmade Gold T-bar Clasp Sterling Silver Bracelet Make a statement with this gorgeous equestrian bracelet. Choose from a mini horseshoe or s�rrup in either sterling silver or contras�ng 9ct solid gold. Prices start from RRP: £215 Bracelet shown starts from: RRP: £245 Handmade Bri�sh jewelry design made from a passion.

for

Spring The Silver Stable’s collection of equestrian-inspired, British handmade jewelry will have you falling in love with this beautiful new brand for eternity.

EQUINE Fashion

Sterling Silver Maxi Cuff Bangle with 9ct Gold Charm This chunky sterling silver cuff bangle makes for a perfect gi� or why not treat yourself? Not only does it come with a choice of charms but it also has the op�on to add your own personalisa�on. Add ini�als of a loved one to make this bangle extra special! Handmade in Britain using fully sustainable materials. Prices start: RRP: £155

Saddle Up Take this gorgeous classic, handcra�ed sterling silver s�rrup ring for a ride. Robust enough to be worn at the yard, yet s�ll beau�fully elegant for life away from the horses. Handmade in Britain using fully sustainable materials. Sterling Silver S�rrup Ring RRP: £35

Personalised Please Make this handcra�ed sterling silver torque bangle your own by choosing from a choice of sterling silver or solid gold charms and also the op�on to add a personalised disc. They make the perfect unique gi� for someone special or why not treat yourself and add the ini�als of your loved ones. Prices start from RRP: £100

All items come ‘gi� ready’ in a luxury gi� box and bag.

www.thesilverstable.co.uk

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EE 23


CURO-Diagnostics ����������������������

����������������������������������� �������������������������������������� ����������������������� ��������������������������������������

�������������������������������������������

The �nventor

.Photo by CURO-Diagnostics������������������������������������� �������������������������������������������

Dr Adrian Harrison is an Associate Professor at Copenhagen University where he teaches physiology to both Animal Science and Veterinary students. Since getting his doctorate from Cambridge University he has worked with different aspects of skeletal muscles in a number of species, gradually becoming aware of the need for a simple, accurate and noninvasive technique to measure muscle function and activity in motion. The CURO system grew out of a study of oyster sounds in Portugal, that involved the construction of very sensitive underwater microphones, and research at The British Museum for a book chapter on the Etruscans. It struck Dr� Adrian Harrison in 2009 that if he could listen to oysters then it might be possible to listen to the sounds made by contracting skeletal muscles – acoustic myography. Adrian hand made the first units and tested them in Sweden with Dr Lars Roepstorff where it became apparent that they needed to be robust if they were to measure horses whilst physically active. In 2011 after 3 years of testing, Adrian founded CURO-Diagnostics and began to manufacture the first acoustic myography units. Since then they have been sold to horse and dog Veterinary clinics across the USA, UK and Europe. The word CURO means “I Care” and was chosen as a name for this technology by Adrian since it allows us to care for the way we train and rehabilitate our horses and dogs. It has not been possible before now to assess muscle function in a non-invasive and real-time manner and in such an accurate fashion as is capable using the CURO, so now at long last we can truly care for our animals. 24

������������������������������������������������������� ����������������

Talking CURO CURO-Diagnostics is a small company based just north of Copenhagen in Denmark. Indeed, the CURO is made and tested in Denmark, where it was first invented, and today CURO-Diagnostics owns the patent for this invention internationally. The CURO system uses very sensitive sensors to measure the pressure waves that skeletal muscles generate when they are active. This means that every time a horse uses a skeletal muscle to move a limb or to adjust its neck or back, small pressure waves are created as the muscles shorten and then relax again. It is precisely these pressure waves that are recorded by the special sensors that are placed on the hair and skin (no need to shave) above the muscle of interest. In this way every move made by a horse, whether it be walking, trotting, cantering or jumping can be measured and analyzed. Weighing only 10 ounces (300g), the ��������unit is easily attached to either the saddle or a surcingle and then by wires to the virtually weightless sensors. The CURO generates its own WiFi signal, connecting to an iPad/Tablet or smart phone (Android & Apple) up to 80-100 meters away, so the muscle measurements can be viewed in real-time. This makes it possible to view your horse as it exercises and to follow the way in which it uses its muscles.

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”Revealing the Unseen” A muscle�and suspensory�ligament diagnostic�tool

��������������������������� .

Wireless, Non-invasive, Android & iOS�compatible

Scientific �rounding

MADE IN

Since the very start, the CURO has been rigorously tested for its scientific relevance, repeatability and accuracy. The CURO has been the centerpiece of numerous scientific studies, with 23 publications in peer reviewed scientific Journals and more due this year. The highlights of these studies include: � �

� �

Proof that acupuncture can improve how efficientl�y muscles work, thereby helping to reduce fatigue Imbalance and postural asymmetries come from unequal� muscle activity and can be corrected with specialize�d� proprioceptive training Detect and monitor the health of the hind limb suspensory� ligaments Proved that poorly fitting bridles affect muscle function in the� horse´s neck, and anatomically designed bridles improve� muscle function

From the research lab to the shed row, the CURO makes it possible to monitor the fitness level of young horses during training, diagnose imbalances and restricted movement from����� fitting equipment or rider interactions, and track corrections in real-time. For a full list of publications and the CURO ESTiScore please see: ��������������������������������������� https://curo-diagnostics.com/research/

DENMARK Est. 2011

ESTi-Score The CURO measures the efficiency (E), ����������active ���������������frequency��������������� (T) when a muscle works. Combined,�����ESTi-Score measures both sides of a horse simultaneously, and reveals asymmetries, balance and much more about muscle performance, all in real-time.

Continuing �rowth Current research is aimed at developing new flexible sensors that are specific to certain anatomical regions, such as the suspensory ligaments. This year will also see the launch of the new wireless unit, reducing the weight ���0.5 ounces (15g) and making it even easier to use. The new app, available for Android and Apple platforms, features user friendly canine and equine software for veterinarians. Easy to understand graphics and interface, put rail side analysis at your fingertips. ����������������������������������� �

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Treasure THE PERSANO, A ROYAL HORSE AND FERRARI EMBLEM By Alessandra Deerinck Photos courtesy of

EQUINE Lifestyle

Cars replaced horses as our way of transportation, but the elite Ferrari has the famous emblem with a rampant horse, a Persano, an Italian breed from the 1700s. Aside from this curious fact, the connection between human beings and horses has always been strong and universally apparent…opposite attracts. Horses do not change their surroundings; they adapt to survive anywhere they can find food, water and their kin. On the opposite side of the spectrum human beings tend to adapt everything to their own needs, and even modified the original equine species, purposefully created breeds that had genetic traits able to suit the needs and wants of human. (What if… we could learn from a horse how to live without destroying our planet!) Another remarkable fact about horses is that even after thousands of years spent in the domestic environment, they are still able to revert to their original natural way of living. This is a clear demonstration of the strength of the equine social behavior and genetics, which is a very important trait that human beings and horses have in common. Some equine breeds originally created for serving various human needs are still a great fit nowadays as our partners in sports and pleasure. This can help us appreciate the original creators of the equine breeds and can also make us think about safeguarding the precious genetics of those breeds. When equine breeds can meet the needs of different cultures, they can actually be introduced successfully anywhere and often they are crossbred to improve other breeds, since they have desirable genetics. Going back to the Persano, the characteristics of the breed excel in beauty and mind. In terms of appearance (and most importantly of behavior) the Persano is exceptional: the conformation is of regal appearance, and the solid essential behavioral traits were originally developed for the cavalry and for hunting with falcons and white 28

weapons. The original qualities of endurance and agility of the Persano breed in more recent times gave us great jumpers, that have won gold medals at the 1960 Olympic Games in Rome with the Italian riders, brothers Raimondo and Piero D’inzeo. Looking at the achievements and at the fact that the existing number of horses of this breed is small compared to most other breeds, this is a clear evidence of the value of their performance abilities and great genetics. Along with being great athletes another essential trait of the Persano horse, often taken for granted as an equine quality, is their disposition for relating to human beings. This behavioral trait makes the Persano horses easy to handle, even when we talk about breeding stallions. Every equine breed that was successful in its purpose and was kept pure is a treasure in terms of genetics. In my professional life, I work with Mangalarga Marchador horses, a breed that has been kept pure throughout time. Originally developed in Brazil for the purpose of traveling comfortably on horseback across difficult mountain terrain, these horses are suitable for many different equestrian disciplines and also have a strong disposition for relating to human beings.

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▲Querone, 1993 grey sired by S.Siro with a saddle from.XVIII in front of the Royal Palace in Persano. ◄ Tabacco, 1996 grey sired by S.Siro

Seonio, 1995 bay sired by Jerax ridden by Alduino di Ventimiglia holding a falcon during a demo of the Accademia Italiana Cavalieri d’Alto Volo

The Persano has been saved from extinction several times and at the moment Prince Alduino di Ventimiglia di Monteforte Lascaris, who, after a thirty years quest, has succeeded in masterfully recreating the pure breed through horses that he carefully selected and acquired. The Prince has ridden Persano horses in competition as a young rider, and has reconnected with the breed while serving in the military, time in which he also began his quest to preserve the breed. In addition to having saved the breed from extinction, Alduino di Ventimiglia is dedicated to training falcons for hunting, and founded the Italian Academy of High Flight Falconry (Accademia Italiana Cavaiieri di Alto Volo). The Prince studied Agricultural Sciences thus giving him a solid bases in genetics, and his experimental thesis, “The Historical Evolution of the Razza Governativa di Persano” served as a reference point for several scientific researches in the years that followed. He wrote the excellent book “Persano, the Royal Breed”, and I had the privilege to connect with Alduino di Ventimiglia to ask him about the history of the Persano.

Jerax, 1987 bay sired by Pascià (born in Persano)foundation stallion, first pure breed stallion born in Luriano, from which the breed registry was originated.

Throughout its history, the noble breed was saved from eradication 5 times: • The Persano breed was founded by Charles of Bourbon in 1751 • in 1800 (Neapolitan Revolution), saved by Ferdinand IV of Bourbon • in 1816 saved by Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies • in 1874 saved by the Gaetani of Sermoneta and by Vittorio Emanuele II; • in 1900 reconstituted by the Government of the Kingdom of Italy • since 1981 saved by Alduino di Ventimiglia di Monteforte Lascaris.

The “Government Breed of Persano” was reassembled in 1900 in Persano, by Ministry Decree of the Kingdom of Italy. It originated from the even more ancient “Royal Breed of Persano”. The latter was the object of study and development since the year 1735 by Charles of Bourbon, enlightened ruler of two kingdoms: that of Naples and that of Sicily. However his birth was sanctioned only later, in 1751 in Persano, the place from which the breed took its name. Soon the breed assumed an international reputation and reached its peak between the years 1780-1825, when it was introduced by means of male breeding (stallions) into many European breeds very well known today. The experiPERSANO ments for the foundation of what will later be named the by Alduino di Ventimiglia di Monteforte Royal Breed of Persano were conducted in the Carditello estate, rented for this purpose by the Bourbon royal family The horses of the Breed of Persano have been part of a in 1740. In fact, the construction of a complex dedicated long period of turbulent and important Italian history. The exclusively to horses, with stables for 1500 horses, a racePersano horses participated in the creation of Italy, reptrack and a small royal palace was begun in Carditello. resenting in the equestrian field, an excellence, a symbol and living expression of equestrian culture, history, style and The intention was to create a breeding farm and a state horse, and so it was done. In 1784 under the reign of FerItalian elegance. Their majestic gait recalls the horses with dinand IV, the Carditello estate was transformed in pursue which the emperors, entering Rome, celebrated their triumphs. With the harmony of their conformation, they recall of the excellence of the Royal Breed of Persano. Having to select mares and stallions according to their use for war, a the sculptural masterpieces of the classical Hellenic and Renaissance periods. The Persano horses were insurmount- racetrack was also built. The selection took place through functional tests on three very important parameters: manable protagonists of the impetuous charges of the Napoageability, mental balance (consistent behavior) and leonic cavalry and of the Russian World War II campaign. proficiency with hunting in various styles (white weapon In recent times the citizens of Persano got together and and falconry). The endurance, was tested with the 200 km founded the “Persano in the Heart” association, so as to route Carditello-Persano.-Carditello. The speed, with races keep alive the traditions and the great equestrian culture to be held in the racetrack incorporated into the large born in the region of Campania Felix. www.EliteEquestrianMagazine.com

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The two grey Uonio 2009 by Tritone e Visconte 2010 by Querone ridden by the lancieri of the Reg. Lancieri of Montebello, during an event in the parc at the Royal Palace in Carditello. The temple in n the background is the site from where the king used to watch the events and the horsesraces.

architectural structure. There were also some stands from which the public could watch the races and the tests for the skills of the horses. Furthermore, the complex of Carditello, not far from that of the Royal Palace of Caserta, lent itself to visits by foreign embassies and delegations. It was a place where the King could display the equestrian excellence, and thus show the possibilities and power of the Kingdom of Naples. In 1874 the Royal Breed of Persano was sold in Eboli at a public auction, by decree of Minister Ricotti. Realizing the great mistake committed, the Government, in 1900, reinstated the breed in the same Persano location, no longer calling it the Royal Breed of Persano, as it had been until 1874; rather more properly, the Government Breed of Persano. The breed had a new brand to stand out with. The State acquired the animals with which the breed was rebuilt from private subjects who had bought them in Eboli. This most important nucleus of the new breed was formed, accounting for 60% of the total animals making up the nucleus of the mares and 50% of that of the stallions. After the two world wars in which the horses of the Government Breed of Persano were protagonists, we arrive at 1981, the year in which, having ascertained little interest on the State’s part in maintaining that historical and genetic heritage strongly linked to an important biodiversity, a parallel nucleus of horses was taken from the Grosseto herd of the Government Breed of Persano. The careful choice of the subjects for this operation was determined by their degree of “purity” with respect to the breed they belong to that is, horses with high biological ▲Portrait of Ferdinando value, carriers of genetic patrimony not yet polluted by IV of Naples riding a crosses made with Thoroghbred horses. In fact, already after 1972 when the herd was transferred from Persano to stallion of the Persano Royal Breed, The painting Grosseto, the only authorized breedings were those with is located in Spain at the Thoroghbreds or with Anglo-Arabs of dubious origin, and Granja Museum never with stallions of the breed they belong to. Many of the mares transferred in those years to Luriano (a location not far from Grosseto where the rescue of the breed was ►Piero D’Inzeo riding carried out) were selected among those born in Persano Pagoro (Razza Governativa and not yet the result with Thoroghbred crosses. In Gros- di Persano) at the Olympics seto, at the CMARQ (Centro Militare di Allevamento e in Helsinki (Eventing) Rifornimento Quadrupedi) there were no stallions of the breed, except for the explorer Picciotto (which, however, did not have the status of stallion). The only stallion

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Piero and Raimondo D’Inzeo

The image on the book cover is of Seonio 1995 stallion by Jerax


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The herd of Government breed of Persano in Sicily on the Nebrodi mountains in 2007. In the front of the herd is Rirona, 1994 by Picciotto with foal Sirone da Irone.

The breed herd in Paestum (Persano )in 2016 during a breed demo. Seonio ridden by Alduino di Ventimiglia during a demo of the Accademia Italiana Cavalieri d’Alto Volo

recognized at the time ws Persano born Pascià which was given on loan to the then Stallion Depot of Catania. Returning after a service carried out at the Military Authority, which in the meantime had been transferred to Grosseto, I was able to take him to Luriano. I later did this with Picciotto, which officially became a stallion at the age of 30, thanks to the timely intervention of Gen. Francesco Ortu. Francesco Ortu who had in 1972 signed the authorization for the transfer of horses from Persano to Grosseto, realized the mistake made, and tried to reinstate Government Breed of Persano in the period of his last Command at the CMARQ of Grosseto. He favored breeding within the pure breed and recalled, when genetically valid, the mares from the various military entities to which they had been transferred. However, after him, the breed once again returned to a state of neglect; had it not been for the nucleus of stallions and mares saved in Luriano in 2003, it would not have been possible to proceed with the recognition of the breed by Europe and with the establishment of the Breed Registry (Stud Book). Today, Italy and its rulers are presented with a great historical, cultural, touristic, political and economic opportunity: to recreate a unique and international attraction in which to make history. This opportunity includes equestrian art shows, through combining an original architectural structure with the original horses for which the Carditello complex was built.

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Four year old Zizio ( born in 2011) during a breed demo in Paestum.

Morphological characteristics:

Biometric data: Coat: (in order) Gray, Bay, Chestnut, Black. Height: males cm. 155-165, females 152-162 cm tolerance + - 1-2 cm Cannon: males “cm. 21-22, females “cm. 19-21. Head: slightly elongated. Profile: slightly concave in the middle third and convex in the nose. Eye: very large. Neck: well set, pyramidal. Withers: developed. Aplomb: regular. Croup: slightly sloping. Shoulders: sloping. Tendons: well detached. Foot: regular, strong hoof. Temperament: alert. Quality: Endurance and Courage. A�tude: saddle.

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Aiken, South Carolina A Charming, Equestrian Destination The scenic, sleepy town of Aiken, South Carolina has charmed visitors and lured new residents with its beauty and love of horses since it was founded in 1835.

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By Jack Roth, Carolina Real Estate Company www.jackroth.biz or www.carolinacompany.com Photos by Shelly Marshall Schmidt and Judy Beaulieu

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R

Chiropractic Care

eproduction

and the

Breeding Horse

By Dr. Bill Ormston and Dr. Amy Hayak

is a necessary part of continued existence of a species. (Dinosaurs quit reproducing for some reason). Your breeding mare and stallion are preprogrammed to reproduce. Essential to all processes of life is the nervous system, which perceives the environment and coordinates the cellular community’s biological response to impinging environmental stimuli. It is reasonable to consider that a system that is properly functioning to its potential may resist destructive forces more successfully and with less damage.

Owners need to realize that the chiroprac�c adjustments will not be trea�ng their horse’s symptoms of reproduc�ve ill health. Let me repeat. Chiroprac�c adjustments do not treat symptoms. The symptoms of reproduc�ve ill health are just telling you your horse has a spinal subluxa�on. This is a crucial dis�nc�on. Instead, chiroprac�c is intended to reduce nervous system interference along the spine of your animal. As func�on is restored, the symptoms you are seeing in your horse will likely lessen and health can return. It is not unusual for mares to become pregnant a�er they have received chiroprac�c care when before they were unable to se�le. It is not unusual for stallions to sire more foals following chiroprac�c care than before chiroprac�c care. The chiroprac�c adjustment allows the inborn power of your horse to rebuild, renew and recover. This is the reason correctly administrated chiroprac�c adjustments seem to treat so many symptoms, not just those in the musculoskeletal system. There is a growing body of evidence that chiroprac�c care can promote the ability of the body to communicate at a cellular level, allowing it to make changes in the way the animal reacts to previous experiences and adapt to internal and external stressors. Chiroprac�c care is health maintenance of the spinal column, discs, related nerves and bone geometry without drugs or surgery. This promotes an increased state of health regardless of the presen�ng problem or complaint. It involves the art and science of adjus�ng misaligned joints of the body, especially of the spine, thus reducing spinal nerve stress and therefore promo�ng health. One of the major premises of chiroprac�c philosophy is that normal nerve func�on is essen�al to good health. The spinal cord, which transmits nerve impulses between the brain, the organs and �ssues of the body, is supported and protected by the spinal column. Vertebral misalignments or subluxa�ons disturb normal nerve func�on. When nerve func�on is disturbed, dysfunc�on and disease may result. Communica�on between the brain (control center of the body) and organs and �ssues of the animal is improved. Your horse’s body is an amazing crea�on that can accomplish numerous miraculous tasks including crea�ng new life. These miraculous tasks are accomplished under the direc�on of the nervous system.

EQUINE Health

The reproduc�ve organs in any animal are not under conscious control but instead are directed by the autonomic nervous system (ANS) which is a branch of the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The PNS is ul�mately controlled by the central nervous system (CNS) which is made up of your brain & spinal cord. These are terms veterinarians commonly use to describe the nervous system. Dr. Frank Painter, DC explains that peristal�c mo�on is a term that describes muscular func�on controlled by the autonomous nervous system. Peristalsis is the same phenomenon that occurs in your intes�nes to propel food through the diges�ve tract. The smooth muscle ac�vity that propels the mare’s egg through her uterus is controlled by the signals relayed between the CNS & the PNS. The egg develops in the ovary, then must be propelled via peristal�c mo�on down a li�le tube to the uterus. If it happens to be fer�lized but there is insufficient peristal�c mo�on, it cannot be delivered to the

uterus in enough �me to become a foal. It is lost as it decomposes a�er too many days without nutri�on from the uterus. Recent research reinforces that the chiroprac�c approach to fer�lity is the same approach that has encouraged so many to adopt the chiroprac�c lifestyle: a safe and economical alterna�ve to tradi�onal medicine and a focus on whole body wellness. There appears to be a defini�ve agreement among all the research available on the topic of chiroprac�c and infer�lity. Current medical care for infer�lity is extremely expensive, involves poten�ally significant nega�ve side effects, and has not been proven to be more successful than chiroprac�c care for treatment of fer�lity. The chiroprac�c approach to fer�lity should be looked at in two separate and specific areas: 1) how the wellness approach of the chiroprac�c lifestyle directly affects total health and 2) more specifically the idea that the physical component is not the only factor in infer�lity. The nerves to the reproduc�ve system run through the spine, and if there is a problem with impulse conduc�on, it can affect fer�lity. Upon reduc�on of the vertebral subluxa�on research showed an improvement in spinal-neural func�on which appears to have an impact on the reproduc�ve system through various postulated mechanisms. Increased func�on of the autonomic nervous system appears to normalize the estrous cycle, causing regular ovula�on to occur and subsequently pregnancy rates to increase. For stallions, stamina is crucial. Covering a book of mares each year can be exhaus�ng. Maintaining spinal health for the stallion means op�mal muscle func�on for moun�ng, and op�mal sperm count through nourishment of the nerves that communicate with the tes�cles. Maintaining normal spinal movement is both a means of improving physical health and the health of the endocrine system that signals produc�on of sperm. Spinal movement is necessary for the proper flow of cerebrospinal fluid. Restric�ons of spinal movement alter the flow of central spinal fluid (CSF), nourishment for the brain, and may impact the hypothalamus and/or pituitary gland. These glands are responsible for the hormones of reproduc�on such as follicle-s�mula�ng hormone and lutenizing hormone, both vital to reproduc�ve func�on. A vertebral subluxa�on of the spine will have far reaching effects on numerous glands and organs that directly contribute to a healthy reproduc�ve system. AVCA cer�fied Equine Chiropractors specialize in loca�ng subluxa�ons & removing the nerve interference with specific adjustments which permit the body to heal & func�on like it was designed. Keeping the spine properly aligned, clearing the nervous system of excessive interference, and counseling pa�ents in nutri�on, exercise and changes to lifestyle, make the AVCA cer�fied equine chiropractor one of your best op�ons for an op�mal reproduc�ve system in mares and stallions.

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CRITICAL FACTORS for a Successful

BROODMARE

Nutrition Program By Marty Adams, PhD, PAS Cargill Technical Services Equine Nutri�onist

To manage a successful broodmare operation, there are many important areas that must be continually addressed. In this article, I outline three critical nutritional factors to help broodmare owners build a successful nutrition program.

1. Good Forage Quality Proper soil fer�lity will result in the highest yield and nutri�onal quality of pasture grasses for broodmares. Regular soil analysis and fer�lizer applica�on will ensure quality forage for grazing broodmares and growing horses.

EQUINE Health

Analysis of hay is essen�al to determine its acceptability for the broodmare diet. Providing quality hay that contains a minimum 10% crude protein, maximum 40% ADF (acid detergent fiber) and maximum 60% NDF (neutral detergent fiber)—on an as-fed basis—will ensure that broodmares can consume adequate amounts of diges�ble energy and maintain adequate body condi�on during breeding, pregnancy and lacta�on.

So what products are available? If feeding grass or mixed hay or pasture, Nutrena Topline Balance and ProElite Grass Advantage Diet Balancer are great op�ons. For horses fed exclusively alfalfa hay, ProElite Alfalfa Advantage Diet Balancer is recommend.

All of these products have a recommended feeding rate of two to three pounds per day for pregnant mares weighing 1,000 to 1,500 pounds. In the last three months of the horse’s pregnancy, fetal growth rate increases more rapidly, and the mare may need to be fed at a higher rate to keep the mare at a desired body condi�on score or healthy weight. 2. Proper Body Condition Score A body condi�on score (BCS) of five to six provides the The feeding rate at this �me is normally increased to 0.5% to broodmare with adequate fat stores necessary for an op�0.75% of horse’s body weight per day (five to 7.5 pounds/day mal concep�on rate. Mares that are too thin and enter the for a 1,000-lb horse). Feeds suitable for pregnant mares are breeding season with a BCS of less than five will have reduced Nutrena Mare & Foal, Legends Growth and ProElite Growth. reproduc�ve efficiency. A�er foaling, feeding rates may need to be increased to 1% to 1.5% of body weight daily depending on body condi�on of the mare. 3. Adequate Nutrient Intake Many �mes, there is adequate pasture or hay to maintain broodmares in proper body condi�on with supplementa�on Using these three cri�cal factors, horse owners can successof small amounts of grain or concentrate. However, forage is fully manage an effec�ve nutri�on program for broodmares deficient in major and trace minerals that are important for and to ensure a healthy outcome for foals. proper development of the growing fetus in the pregnant mare. To learn more, contact Cargill for a free nutri�onal consulta�on by an equine feed specialist. Via phone, call the ProElite The use of a diet balancer—especially during the first eight Horse Feed Helpline at 888-873-1988 or the Nutrena Feed months of the broodmare’s gesta�on period—provides a con- Helpline at 800-367-4894. Via email, send a message to proel centrated source of protein, vitamins and minerals and meets ite@proelitehorsefeed.com, legends@legendshorsefeed.com nutrient requirements with a low feeding rate. or nutrena@nutrenaworld.com.

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SIGNS of a

Healthy Foal By Marty Adams, PhD, PAS Cargill Technical Services Equine Nutri�onist

Chances are your foal will sail through the baby stage with flying colors, especially if it’s normal at birth and good management practices are in place at your farm. However, even under the best circumstances, it’s possible that your youngster could fall prey to one or more problems that can affect foals. How does a healthy newborn foal appear?

EQUINE Health

Healthy newborn foals should: • Assume a sternal posi�on (be able to sit up on his chest) within minutes of delivery. • Breathe easily, slowing from an ini�al high of about 70 breaths per minute to 40 to 60 minutes within 15 minutes of birth. • Have red or at least pink mucous membranes, indica�ng adequate oxygen is reaching the �ssues. • Display a strong suckle reflex within two to 20 minutes of birth. • Appear alert and display an affinity for the dam. • Be able to stand within two hours and nurse within three hours.

Please keep in mind this guide lists signs that are frequently observed with a certain disorder in a foal, but not all foals display the same signs or to the same degree. A foal’s condi�on can deteriorate very rapidly, so don’t wait un�l your sick baby shows all the signs before taking ac�on and calling your veterinarian.

If your foal fails to meet these criteria, he may already be suffering from a serious condi�on and needs the prompt a�en�on of a veterinarian.

Make every effort to maximize the chances of your foal’s con�nued good health. These good management prac�ces can make the difference between a healthy foal and a sick one:

Over the long term, good observa�on coupled with prompt ac�on gives you the best opportunity to help your foal avoid a setback.

• A well-ven�lated, clean foaling environment. • Good farm and stable hygiene and parasite control. • Sound nutri�on, current vaccina�ons and regular deworming of all equine residents. • Plenty of fresh air and room to exercise for the foal as well as commencement of a regular vaccina�on and deworming program

Accompanying this ar�cle is a Foal Health Watch Guide that describes signs of a variety of common ailments that can occur during the first six months of a foal’s life. In most cases, even if the problem is not life-threatening, you will s�ll want your veterinarian to confirm the diagnosis and direct you in the most effec�ve treatment.

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Foal Health Watch Guide First Symptom

Labored, suppressed or noisy breathing

Loose stools

Colicky

Other Symptoms

Soreness, reluctance to move Reluctance to move or nurse, extended abdomen Yellow-stained amniotic fluid with delivery Depression, coughing, intermittent fever Mild diarrhea at time of dam's foal heat Dehydration, scalding of skin on buttocks, matting of tail Rapid dehydration, scalding, matting, fever, depression Colic after ingesting first milk, enema ineffective Rolling, thrashing, lying on back, fecal matter not passed

Profuse watery discharge from eyes

Lethargy, appetite loss, diarrhea, teeth grinding, lying on ground with feet in air Blinking, avoidance of light, scratched cornea

Navel stump dripping urine

Wet, soiled, warm, swollen navel stump

Straining

Tail switching, meconium (first feces) not passed Distended abdomen, little or no urine produced, toxicity, fever, jaundiced membranes, progressive weakness Less than 400 mg/dl

Low immunoglobulin (IgG) count

Weakness, incoordination

Swollen joints Mare cannot nurse

Greater than 400 mg/dl, low risk environment Less than 800 mg/dl, high risk environment Delivery between 300 and 320 days of gestation, low birthweight, little or no suckle strength, weak fetlocks and lax pasterns Intolerance to exercise Will not nurse, severe diarrhea, dehydration, subnormal temperature, bluish-white third eyelid Inflammation of umbilical vein, fever, depression Lameness, fever, depression, joints are hot and painful Mare dies, does not allow foal to nurse, or is unable to provide milk (agalactiae)

Probable Diagnosis

Broken ribs due to severe compression from delivery Ruptured diaphragm, often due to birth trauma Meconium-aspiration pneumonia Foal pneumonia Transient, "9-day scours" Noninfectious diarrhea (due to overeating, eating manure, etc.) Infectious diarrhea

Actions

Stall rest, gentle handling Immediate corrective surgery Antibiotics Antibiotic treatment based on bacterial culture Gently clean foal's tail and buttocks with soapy water to prevent scalding of skin Fluids, decreased rations, clean tail and buttocks as above Antibiotics, fluids, clean tail and buttocks regularly

Closed colon or rectum development error causes gut to end in blind pouch Severe constipation, fecal mass too large or too far forward for enema to be successful Ulcer

Surgery, success depends on length of missing part

Inversion of eyelid (entropion), dehydration, if uncorrected can lead to blindness "Leaky navel" (pervious urachus), failure of umbilicus to close Simple constipation, meconium not passed Ruptured bladder due to birth trauma or jerk on umbilical cord after delivery

Fluids, lubricate eye and lids gently, pull out eyelid as often as necessary, surgery may be needed Daily cauterization with silver nitrate or iodine, some require surgery Enema, fluids

Failure of passive transfer, foal did not receive adequate colostrum or was unable to absorb IgG Partial failure of passive transfer Partial failure of passive transfer Premature birth

Provide colostrum if foal less than 24 hours old, otherwise administer plasma IgG transfusion Foal probably adequately protected, but watch closely Administer plasma IgG transfusion, monitor IgG level Oxygen, humidity and temperature control, tube feeding, fluids

Congenital heart defect "Sleeper foal" caused by Actinobacillus equii bacteria

Cardiovascular exam, surgery Antibiotics, fluids

"Navel ill" (septicemia), systemic infection of bloodstream Joint ill (septic arthritis) or bone infection (osteomyelitis) Orphan or rejected foal, agalactic mare, early weaning

Antibiotics, fluids, intensive nursing care

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Laxatives, fluids

Confirm with endoscopy, treat with anti-ulcer medication

Surgery to repair hole in bladder, drain urine from bladder, fluids

Antibiotics, surgical draining Supply colostrum to newborn, provide foal milk replacer or nurse mare 4141


FEEDING THE FOAL

Y

From Birth to Weaning

By Marty Adams, PhD, PAS Cargill Technical Services Equine Nutri�onist

Your new foal arrives, and you want to provide for its proper growth and health. The first considera�on is to make sure that the foal receives an adequate amount of quality colostrum from the dam. Your mare’s first milk is called colostrum, and it contains an�bodies that provide immunity for the foal against infec�ous diseases. These an�bodies are absorbed directly into the foal’s bloodstream from the diges�ve tract. This direct absorp�on of an�bodies can only occur in the first two days of the foal’s life and is more efficient during the first 12 hours a�er the foal is born.

Normally, the foal will nurse o�en enough, and the mare’s colostrum will contain enough an�bodies or immunoglobulins (IgG) to provide sufficient immunity. Within 12 hours a�er birth, foals should have nursed colostrum from the dam, been fed a colostrum replacement, or had colostrum administered by nasogastric tube by a veterinarian. Colostrum can be frozen for up to two years, and sources of frozen colostrum are available and can be found locally at large breeding farms or through the internet (cyberfoal.com).

EQUINE Health

Foals can have the IgG concentra�on in the blood checked at 12 to 24 hours a�er birth to ensure that an adequate level has been achieved. If no colostrum has been provided to the foal by the third day or the IgG level is too low (<400 mg/dl), blood plasma can be administered intravenously by a veterinarian to provide a sufficient an�body concentra�on. An orphan foal can be the result of the dam’s death, rejec�on, illness or lack of milk produc�on. Alterna�ve sources of milk for a foal include a nurse mare and milk replacer. The use of a nurse mare, typically a dra� breed, would be the ideal situa�on for the foal, but the expense for leasing a nurse mare could exceed the value of the foal. If the use of a nurse mare is imprac�cal, the alterna�ve is to provide a milk replacer and hand-raise the foal. A high-quality milk replacer should have similar composi�on to mare’s milk and contain only milk-based protein sources. Progressive® Nutri�on Foals First® is a high-quality milk replacer that can be bucket fed, even in a free-choice manner (prognutriton.com). The easiest and safest method to feed milk replacer to foals is by bucket. To train a foal to drink from a bucket, start with a pan that is so shallow the foal’s mouth can touch the bo�om of the pan without submerging its nostrils. Place your fingers in the foal’s mouth to s�mulate a suckle reflex. Change to a bucket with larger capacity as the foal learns to drink and the amount of milk replacer fed is increased. Foals are normally weaned at 4.5 to six months. Milk produc�on by the mare is usually sufficient to provide a desired growth rate for the first two to three months and then declines to a level that will not allow a desirable growth rate.

Creep feeding allows the foal to consume feed on its own without having to compete with the dam. Creep feeding not only allows the foal supplemental nutrients to con�nue an op�mum growth rate un�l weaning, but also provides a balanced diet to prevent developmental orthopedic disease (DOD) during the first three months by supplying nutrients deficient in mare’s milk. A desired creep feed for foals should be very palatable and contain high quality protein sources (i.e. soybean meal and milk protein), guaranteed amino acids (lysine, threonine, methionine and tryptophan), and high levels of major and trace minerals as well as vitamins A, D and E. An example of a high-quality creep feed is Progressive® Nutri�on Starter & Creep Feed (prognutri�on.com). Start creep feeding the foal at one month of age and provide access to good quality hay at this �me also. The foal’s diges�ve system does not produce enzymes in sufficient quan�ty to digest sugars and starches un�l at least three weeks of age and should be provided only a milk-based diet un�l then. Feed one pound of creep feed per month of age for the first three months if the mare produces a normal amount of milk for light horse breeds. Then increase the amount of feed to 1.25% to 1.5% of body weight daily un�l weaning, and adjust the amount of feed according to the desired growth rate and hay or pasture quality. A�er weaning, the growing foal can be transi�oned from a creep feed to a quality feed for growing horses, such as ProElite® Growth (proelitehorsefeed.com), SafeChoice® Mare & Foal (nutrenaworld.com) or Legends® Growth (legendhorsefeed.com). Con�nue to feed at the rate of 1% to 1.5% body weight per day according to desired growth rate and hay or pasture quality. Following these steps will help to ensure that you have a properly growing and healthy foal.

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FormaHoof

Launches Online Training

ACADEMY

FormaHoof – the liquid-fit, reusable mold system that offers a highly effective and easy to apply solution to every hoof care challenge – has launched a new online training academy.

EQUINE Health

Created by FormaHoof’s team of equine experts, the FormaHoof Academy gives farriers, veterinarians and equine practitioners all the theoretical knowledge and practical insights needed to use FormaHoof to help their clients’ horses overcome a multitude of hoof related issues; from laminitis and white line disease to thin soles, collapsed heels or conformation, developmental and poor performance issues. FormaHoof CEO Alexander Papantoniou comments “2020 was a difficult year for many industries around the world. The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic made face to face contact impossible in many situations and for an emerging technology such as FormaHoof, the challenge arose to develop a methodology that would allow for the rapid upskill of new applicators across the globe, in a consistent and sustainable fashion. We needed a system that allowed applicators to be able to complete training on their own terms and in their own time, taking into account the busy schedule of veterinarians and farriers and so we are delighted to launch the FormaHoof Academy.” Alexander continues “When we started the FormaHoof certified Applicator (FCA) program, we knew that combining it with the FormaHoof Academy certification would add an extra layer of security for owners purchasing a FormaHoof service, because they would have assurances that the applicator had completed a formal training that is properly assessed by experienced FormaHoof technical consultants.” The FormaHoof Academy has been filmed in real time on actual customer horses, to ensure that the experience is as authentic as possible. Covering the basics of a FormaHoof application from start to finish (including trimming techniques), the Academy also discusses best practices for treatment of common hoof problems with FormaHoof. Techniques for business development and customer acquisition are also addressed in the Academy program. Alexander comments “we understand that convincing a customer to try something as new as FormaHoof is not always an easy task. Throughout the program we share our experience on how Applicators can leverage the reduction in overall treatment time and costs in a clear and concise way, so that horse owners understand exactly the benefits of the service they are purchasing.” Access to the Academy is open to everyone with an interest in learning about the FormaHoof application process, but completion of the Academy assessment and full certification as a FCA requires submission and approval of

proof of professional business. All applicants should have fundamental hoof care skills as the FormaHoof Academy is geared toward the transference of FormaHoof best practices and not general farriery techniques. The fee for the FCA course is EUR 99 + VAT, which covers the costs of the core online training, the certification process and the assessment. FomaHoof’s team of experts will continue to add modules to the e-learning environment in the future, many of which will be free of charge to Academy students. New specialist courses on topics such as White Line Disease and Foal Conformation abnormalities and treatments are also in development, to give graduates in-depth knowledge of these specialist areas and which will be available to purchase separately. The cost of purchasing a Starter Kit (or any initial quantity of molds) is not included in the Academy fee. However, upon successful registration to the course, participants shall receive a discount code for their first purchase.

Go to www.formahoof.com today for more information and to sign up for the Academy and join the global FormaHoof movement towards healthier hooves for happier, sounder horses! And you can follow the latest FormaHoof news and developments on social media by following @FormaHoof on Instagram, Facebook or TikTok.

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Equinista 2021 spring issue. Dubai-UAE issue. International Luxury Equestrian Lifestyle magazine  

Equinista 2021 spring issue. Dubai-UAE issue. Print Distribution in Dubai-UAE. Digital issue is read worldwide International Luxury Equestri...

Equinista 2021 spring issue. Dubai-UAE issue. International Luxury Equestrian Lifestyle magazine  

Equinista 2021 spring issue. Dubai-UAE issue. Print Distribution in Dubai-UAE. Digital issue is read worldwide International Luxury Equestri...

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